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Full text of "Biographical review, containing life sketches of leading citizens of Essex County, Massachusetts"

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BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 

// 

VOLUME XXVIII 



CONTAINING LIFE SKETCHES OF LEADING CITIZENS OF 



ESSEX COUNTY 



MASSACHUSETTS 



Who among men art thou, and thy years how many, good friend ? — Xenophanes. 



BOSTON 



Biographical Review Publishing Company i 



1898 



1 



ATLANTIC STATES SERIES OF BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEWS. 



The volumes issued in this series up to date are the following : 



I. Otsego Countv, New York. 

11. Madison County, New York. 

III. Broome County, New York. 

IV. Columbia County, New York. 
V. Cayuga County, New York. 

VI. Delaware County, New York. 

VII. Livingston and Wyoming Counties, 
New \'ork. 

VIII. Clinton and Essex Counties, New York. 

IX. Hampden County, Massachusetts. 

X. Franklin County, Massachusetts. 

XI. Hampshire County, Massachusetts. 

XII. Litchfield County, Connecticut. 

XIII. York County, Maine. 

XIV. Cumberland County, Maine. 

XV. Oxford and Franklin Counties, 
Maine. 

XVI. Cumuerland County, New Jersey. 



XVII. Rockingham County, New Hamp- 
shire. 
XVIII. Plymouth County, Massachusetts. 

XIX. Camden and Burlington Counties, 
New Jersey. 
XX. Sagadahoc, Lincoln, Knox, and 
Waldo Counties, Maine. 

XXI. Strafford and Belknap Counties, 
New Hampshire. 

XXII. Sullivan and Merrimack Counties, 
New Hampshire. 

XXIII. HlLLSBORO and CHESHIRE COUNTIES, 

Niw Hampshire. 
XXIV. Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 
XXV. Norfolk County, Massachusetts. 
XXVI. New London Countv, Connecticut. 
XXVII. Middlesex County, Massachusetts. 
XXVni. Essex County, Massachusetts. 



NoTK. — All the biographical sketches published in this volume were suljiiiitled to their respective subjects or to the sub- 
scribers, from whom the facts were primarily obtained, for their approval or correction before going to press, and a reasonable 
time was allowed in each case for the return of the typewritten copies. Most of them were returned to us within the time allotted, 
or before the work was printed, after being corrected or revised; and these may therefore be regarded as reasonably accurate. 

A few, however, were not returned to us; and, as we have no means of knowing whether they contain errors or not, we 
cannot vouch for their accuracy. In justice to our readers, and to render this work more valuable for reference purposes, we have 
indicated all uncorrected sketches by a small asterisk (*), placed im mediate'y afl^;- f] ^e name of the subject. They will be found 
printed on the last pages of the book, t 






LIBRARY 

UNIVERSITY Of 
MA SSACHUSEr rS 

AMHERST, MASS. 



K. R. PUB. CO. 



PREFACE. 




EYOND question this is a book-making age. Printed pages in covers — never 

before did the world contain so many; and still they come, each with its 

prefatory apology, as if a book must always present itself fore-armed with 

a formal excuse for being. Nor will the work in hand prove an exception. Much 

time and thought have gone to its preparation. 

The present volume of the Biographical Review — the XXVIII. of the 
"Atlantic Series" — may be considered fairly representative of the intelligent, indus- 
trious, enterprising population, urban and rural, of Essex County, in the last decade 
of the nineteenth century. Many of the names here set forth reveal descendants 
of the original colonists of this early settled section of the old Bay State ; others, 
the children and grandchildren of later comers; and yet others denote worthy citi- 
zens of foreign birth or parentage — loyal Americans all, useful to State and nation, 
and well reputed. Where desired, space has been gladly given to the tracing of 
lines of ancestry and of collateral kinship, effort being faithfully made to avoid in 
this feature, as far as possible, both the initiation of error and the perpetuation of past 
mistakes — ever present pitfalls in the path of the genealogist, which we cannot hope 
to have utterly escaped. We have thus blended, to a degree unusual in biographical 
writings drawing their subjects from men of the times, jxrsonal and family history, 
and in so doing feel confident that we have imparted to our work an additional ele- 
ment of enduring value. 

BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW PUBLISHING COMPANY. 
Skpt. 26, 1898. 




THOMAS W. I'EIRCE. 



BIOSRAPHIGAL. 




►HOMAS WENTWORTH 
PEIRCE, railroad president 
and multi-millionaire, for many 
years a summer resident of 
Topsfield, Mass., where he 
owned a large and valuable 
estate, was a native of Dover, 
N. H. He was born August 
16, I Si 8, son of the Hon. An- 
drew and Betsey (Wentvvorth) Peirce, and was 
a descen dant in t he eighth generation of 
John, of V^ YjitertowiT^ Mass., who came over 
from England in 1637. The successive an- 
cestors in this line were: Anthony,- who emi- 
grated before his father, John"; Joseph'; 
Benjamin^; Benjamin 5; Andrew''; and An- 
drew,' the father above-named. (The history 
of the family is recorded in the Peirce Gene- 
alogy, compiled by Mr. Frederick Clifton 
Peirce, published in 1S80. ) 

The Hon. Andrew Peirce, Jr., was born in 
Gloucester, Mass., and was in early life a 
mariner, becoming the master of a vessel. 
Turning his attention to merchandise in 1827, 
he engaged in trade and navigation until the 
time of his death, which occurred in Dover, 
N. H., March 28, 1850. He had filled many 
offices of trust in the town, and was a member 
of the Senate of the State of New Hampshire. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Betsey 
Wentvvorth, died in Dover, December 22, 
1866, in the seventy-third year of her age. 
As we learn from the Wentworth Geneal- 



ogy, she was a daughter of Thomas and Mary 
(Roberts) Wentworth, and, grand-daughter of 
Colonel Jonathan, who was son of Samuel, 
grandson of Ephraim, and great-grandson of 
William Wentworth, colonist, for many years 
Ruling Elder of the church in Dover, N. H. 
Samuel, here named, was a cousin of Lieuten- 
ant Governor John Wentworth; and Colonel 
Jonathan was a second cousin of Governor 
Benning Wentworth. 

Eleven children were born to the Hon. An- 
drew and Betsey (Wentworth) Peirce, and 
eight of these grew to maturity; namely, Mary 
A., Andrew, Thomas Wentworth, James W. , 
William, Elizabeth J., George H., and Lucy D. 

While attending school, Thomas Wentworth 
Peirce, the second-born son, lived at the pa- 
rental home, assisting in the work upon the 
farm. He was still a young lad when he re- 
ceived an appointment to a clerkship in town; 
but shortly afterward, his health proving deli- 
cate, his father sent him to the island of 
Cuba, where he spent the winter, and in the 
spring took the voyage to New Orleans, also 
visiting Texas, then almost a new and unde- 
veloped country. He returned to Dover when 
fifteen years of age, and assisted his father in 
business for the ne.xt three years. At nine- 
teen he was appointed on the staff of the Gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire, and the same year 
he became associated with his brother in busi- 
ness in Dover. In 1843 he removed to Bos- 
ton to enter the house of Peirce & Bacon, who 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ran a large fleet of packets between Boston 
and Galveston, Tex. In 1851 his brother An- 
drew became a member of the firm, and the 
trade was extended to the South, especially to 
Texas, where the house handled cotton, sugar, 
and hides; and in 1S52 Mr. Peirce opened a 
branch house at Galveston, Tex. From this 
point he was active in aiding nearly all the 
enterprises of the South-west, and was instru- 
mental in the building of the Galveston, Har- 
risburg & San Antonio Railroad, of which road 
he was the president and owner. He was as- 
sociated in his New York office with Messrs. 
C. P. Huntington, Stanford, Crocker, Hop- 
kins, and others, and with them built the 
great Southern Pacific Railroad. 

About the year 1856 he bought the beauti- 
ful estate of seven hundred acres at Topsfield, 
Mass., now carried on by his nephew and 
namesake, Thomas W. Peirce, second. Its 
cost price was thirty thousand dollars; and 
throughout his lifetime Mr. Peirce took de- 
light in making extensive improvements upon 
the place, expending in this way over one 
hundred thousand dollars. He was much in- 
terested in the breeding of fine cattle, and was 
the owner of about one hundred and twenty 
Jersey and Holstein cows. His stables held 
some fine horses of the Hamiltonian breed. 
Besides many miles of railroad property, he 
owned in Texas about two hundred thousand 
acres of land ; and there he engaged exten- 
sively in stock-raising. On Capota P'arm, of 
thirty-five thousand acres under fence, he em- 
ployed a large number of men, with Major 
Moore as manager, through whom he carried 
on extensive farming interests. 

His first wife, Mary Curtis, a Boston lady, 
died at Topsfield; and he married, second, 
Cornelia Cook, of Galveston, a niece of Gen- 
eral Nichols, who was his ]iartner at Galves- 
ton. He survived her also, and died in Oc- 



tober, 1SS5, at the Sanitarium at Clifton 
Springs, N.Y. His grave is at Mount Au- 
burn, Mass. He left two children : Thomas 
Wentworth Peirce, third, a Harvard student 
at Cambridge, Mass. ; and Marian Wentworth 
Peirce, the only daughter. 

Mr. Peirce was a man whose liberal hospi- 
tality will long be remembered by those whose 
pleasure it was to have known him. He was 
never devoted to club life, but was in the 
habit of entertaining lavishly at his country- 
seat ; and many of the most prominent men of 
the country have been his guests, both at 
Topsfield and at his city home in Boston, 
where he owned a residence tmtil after the 
death of his wife. 

In politics he was a stanch Democrat, and 
was much sought to fill positions of honor and 
responsibility. President Pierce desired to 
count him among the members of his cabinet, 
and at a later date the same offer was made to 
him by President Lincoln. But Mr. Peirce 
preferred the quiet of private life, and refused 
to enter pcjlitics. He was broad in his views, 
a deep thinker, and a keen observer of human 
nature. His gift of twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars to the Universalist church at Dover, 
N. H., is indicative of the generous spirit of 
the man. 

Thomas Wentworth Peirce, second, the 
nephew above mentioned, is the son of Colonel 
George H. Pierce, of Dover, N. H. He was ed- 
ucated at Andover, and at the age of seventeen 
went to Texas, where he became general pas- 
senger agent of the G., H. & S. A. Railroad 
and assistant to the president, his uncle. In 
this capacity he had charge of all the passenger 
and emigration business, and was his uncle's 
personal representative. After the death of his 
uncle, Mr. Thomas W. Peirce, second, became 
one of the executors and trustee of his estate. 
The ToiDsfield farm, in which his uncle had 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



taken so nuich pardonable pride, afterward 
came into his personal care; and he has since 
largely devoted himself to its management. 
He aims in every way to carry out the plans 
of the former owner, and keeps a large number 
of men employed on the place. He has about 
seventy cows, and deals largely in milk, which 
is sent to Salem. 




|HARLES PERLEY, a prosperous 
farmer of Boxford and an e.x-member 
of the Massachusetts legislature, 
was born in Dunbarton, N.H., September 
2, 1823, son of Benjamin and Ruth S. 
(Mills) Perley. His father was a native of 
15oxford, as was also his grandfather, Ben- 
jamin Perley (first). The latter cleared a 
large farm in Dunbarton, where he resided 
until his death, which occurred when he was 
seventy-three years old. The father was 
quite young when his parents moved to New 
Hampshire. In early manhood he bought a 
farm adjoining his father's property. He was 
an industrious farmer, took an active part in 
the public affairs of Dunbarton, and died in 
that town in his eighty-third year. Ruth S. 
Perley, his wife, was a daughter of Thomas 
and Sarah Mills, of Dunbarton. Her father 
served in the War of 18 12. She became the 
mother of nine children; namely, Warren, 
Charles, Margaret, John O., Mary J., Sarah 
L., Hannah M., Lydia P., and Althiana. 
Of these Warren, Margaret, Sarah L., and 
Lydia P. are deceased. John O. resides in 
Goffstown, N.H.; Mary J. is living in Man- 
chester; and Hannah M. is a resident of 
Springfield, Mass. Warren Perley, who died 
in Bradford, Mass., leaving a widow and three 
children, successively married Clarissa Kidder 
and Martha Fish. 

Charles Perley acquired a district-school 



education in Dunbarton. After completing 
his studies he began work in the cotton-mills 
at Amoskeag, where he was employed for 
three years. At the age of twenty-two he 
came to Boxford, and for the succeeding ten 
years was in the employment of John Day. 
Now he is the owner of the farm known as the 
Deacon Day place. He married Emily A. 
Day, daughter of John and Emily (Kimball) 
Day. John Day, who was the proprietor of a 
machine shop and a cider and grist mill, was 
accidentally killed by being caught in the 
shafting. His other children — John A. and 
P'ranklin E. Day — reside in Bradford, Mass. 
Mr. and Mrs. Perley, having lost their only 
child in its infancy, adopted and reared Anna 
P. and Helen Emily Day. The former is now 
a teacher in Pelham, Mass. ; and the latter is 
the wife of Albert W. Frost, of North An- 
dover, Mass., and has one daughter, Myra M. 
Frost. Mrs. Perley died January i, 1894. 

Mr. Perley is still cultivating the Day 
farm, and occupies a prominent place among 
the representative agriculturists of Boxford. 
In politics he acts with the Republican party. 
He was elected to the Massachusetts legislat- 
ure of 1S73, in which he served with ability. 
His first Presidential vote was cast for Henry 
Clay in 1844. A Master Mason, he belongs 
to Merrimac Lodge. His religious belief is 
that of the Congregationalists. 




ENJAMIN H. CONANT, a photog- 
rapher of Wenham and a veteran of 
the Civil War, was born in this 
town, April 11, 1843, son of Samuel and 
Priscilla (Howe) Conant. He is a descend- 
ant in the seventh generation of Roger 
Conant, the founder of Salem, Mass., who 
was the common ancestor of the New England 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Conants and the grandfather of the Revolu- 
tionary soldier, Aaron Conant. 

Samuel Conant, who was a native of Tops- 
field, Mass., when a young man engaged in 
mercantile business in that town. Later he 
moved to Lynnfield, where he kept a hotel in 
the days when stage-coaches were the only 
means of travel. Some time in the thirties he 
settled in Wenham, where he worked at shoe- 
making. He served as a Selectman in Wen- 
ham, and at one time was a candidate for 
Representative to the legislature. His death 
occurred in 1861. Priscilla Howe Conant, 
his wife, who was a native of Ipswich, Mass., 
became the mother of several children. Of 
these the survivors are: Caroline E., the wife 
of William P. Kimball, of Wenham; Lydia 
A., the wife of Calvin B. Dodge, of Beverly, 
Mass.; and Benjamin H., the subject of this 
sketch. The mother died in 1889. 

]5enjamin H. Conant was educated in the 
public schools of Wenham. While still a 
youth he learned the shoemaker's trade with 
his father. On July 26, 1864, he enlisted in 
Company F, Eighth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry, for one hundred days' ser- 
vice, which was performed mostly in the vicin- 
ity of Baltimore. Subsecpiently he re-en- 
listed in the Second Company of Unattached 
Infantry, which was stationed at Gloucester, 
Mass., until discharged in July, 1865. After 
leaving the service he resumed his trade, fol- 
lowing it as a journeyman until 1868, when he 
became the foreman of the cutting-room in 
Frank Woodbury's shoe factory at Beverly, a 
position he occupied for a number of years. 
Since 1890 he has been engaged principally in 
landscape photography. 

In politics Mr. Conant is a Republican. 
He is deeply interested in the material and 
moral welfare of the town. Since 1874 he 
has been a member of the Congregational 



church, its organist since 1863, excluding the 
time spent by him in the army, and he is now 
serving the society as a clerk. He has been 
the secretary of the Board of Trustees of the 
public library since 1890. A self-made man 
and a public-spirited citizen, he is highly 
esteemed by his fellow-townsmen. 




ENRY T. BAILEY, who for over 
thirty years has conducted a thriving 

!^ \^ grocery business in West Newbury, 

was born in West Newbury, May 10, 1826, 
son of Ta])pan and Hannah (Bailey) liailey. 
The family was founded in America by Rich- 
ard Bailey, who emigrated from England in 
the ship "Bevis" in 1630. He settled in 
Rowley, Mass., and his death occurred be- 
tween the years 1647 and 1650. He had 
one son, Joseph Bailey (first), whose son, Jo- 
seph (second), settled in Newbury, and died 
in 1755. 

Ezekiel Bailey, great-grantlfather of Henry 
T., was born in 171 7; and John Bailey, the 
grandfather, was a lifelong resident of New- 
bury. Tappan Bailey, born in Newbury in 
1788, a worthy and useful citizen and es- 
teemed by all who knew him, died in West 
Newbury in 1868. His wife, Hannah, was a 
daughter of Ephraim Bailey, whose father was 
a brother of Henry T. Bailey's grandfather. 

Henry T. Bailey attended the common 
schools in the winter and a private school for 
a short time. While still in his boyhood he 
worked upon a farm in Pelham, N.H., for two 
years; and upon his return home he entered 
the comb factory, where he was employed for 
several years. From 1858 to 1866 he was en- 
gaged in shoemaking, and then he established 
himself in the grocery business, which he has 
since followed. He is also interested in 
the West Newbury Mutual Fire Insurance 




WII.I.IAM K. KIMBALL. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



IS 



Company, of which he has been the secretary 
and treasurer for the past ten years. Politi- 
cally, he is an active supporter of the Repub- 
lican party. He was appointed Postmaster by 
President Johnson, and reappointed succes- 
sively by Presidents Grant, Hayes, Garfield, 
and Harrison, having held the office in all for 
twenty years. 

Mr. Bailey married Hannah A. Stanwood, a 
daughter of William antl Edna (Poor) Stan- 
wood, and a grand-daughter of Moses and 
Martha (Thurlow) Poor. Mrs. Bailey is the 
mother of two children, namely: Emily A., 
born in 1852; and George H., born in 1863. 
Both are residing with their parents. George 
H. Bailey, besides assisting his father in 
business, discharges the duties of Postmaster, 
to which office he was appointed by President 
McKinley. The business ability and upright 
character of Mr. Bailey, Sr., are highly spoken 
of by his fellow-townsmen. He is a member 
of Ouascacunquen Lodge, No. 39, I. O. O. P., 
of Newburyport. The family attend the Con- 
gregational church. 




ILLIAM RITCHIE KIMBALL, 

one of the best known residents of 
West ]5o.\ford and an ex-member of 
the General Court of the Commonwealth, was 
born in Goffstown, N. H., P'ebruary 18, 181 1, 
son of Samuel and Anna (Smith) Kimball. 
The grandfather, Daniel Kimball, a native of 
Bradford, who owned a large farm in that 
town in the prime of life, was accidentally 
drowned in the Merrimac River, opposite 
Hunting Hill. The maiden name of his wife 
was Elizabeth Tenney. Samuel Kimball, the 
father, was also born in Bradford, the date of 
his birth being December 12, 1785. He fol- 
lowed farming in New Hampshire for a num- 
ber of years, and died there when over 



eighty years of age. Anna Smith Kimball, 
his wife, became the mother of ten children ; 
namely, Daniel, Samuel A., William R., Mil- 
ton, James S., Louisa, Laura A., Nancy S. , 
Susan E. , and Almira S. Of these the sur- 
vivors are: William R., the subject of this 
sketch; Susan E., the wife of James S. 
Stevens, of Tapleyville, Mass. ; and Almira 
S. , who married Lewis Page, and resides in 
Bow, N.H. 

William Ritchie Kimball attended the dis- 
trict schools of Goffstown, Bradford, and Box- 
ford. He has resided in the last-named town 
for the greater part of the time that has 
elapsed since he was ten years old. The ac- 
tive period of his life has been devoted both 
to farming and to the shoemaker's trade, 
which he has followed industriously and with 
prosperity. He was a member of the Board 
of Selectmen for three years. He has been 
Town Treasurer, Collector, Constable, and a 
member of the School Board ; and he repre- 
sented his district in the Massachusetts legis- 
lature in 1883. 

Mr. Kimball married for his first wife Al- 
mira Coburn and for his second Mrs. Sarah 
A. M. Barker Grover, daughter of Jam<^ 
and Sarah (Pierce) Barker. Mr. Barker was 
a native of the East parish of Bradford, Mass., 
and a Revolutionary soldier. His wife was 
born in Amherst, N.H. The second wife 
died May 21, 1898, at the age of eighty-three, 
after three days of illness. By her he came 
into possession of his present comfortable 
home. In politics Mr. Kimball is a Republi- 
can, and his first Presidential vote was cast for 
the opponent of Andrew Jackson in 1832. He 
has always displayed an active interest in the 
industrial development of Bo.xford and its in- 
stitutions, and he is connected with the Pa- 
trons of Husbandry. In his religious belief 
he is a Congregational ist. 



i6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



-ONATHAN LAMSON, a representa- 
tive of a well-known Essex County 
family and a prominent agriculturist of 
Hamilton, was born in this town, October 9, 
1856, son of Jarvis and Esther (Woodberry) 
Lamson, The grandfather, Jonathan Lamson, 
a prosperous and respected farmer of Hamil- 
ton in his time, was twice married. By his 
union with Abigail -Knowlton there were four 
children — Benjamin, Frank, Abigail, and 
Albert. Benjamin, who was the father of 
thirteen children, died in 1891, aged ninety- 
two years. Frank followed the trade of 
hatter, and died in Salem, Mass. On the 
second occasion Jonathan Lamson wedded 
Lydia Applcton, who bore him five children 
— Jonathan, Thomas A., Isaac D. , Lydia, 
and Jarvis. 

Jarvis Lamson, who was born in Hamilton, 
spent the active period of his life in agricult- 
ural pursuits. He possessed the energy and 
activity that characterized the New England 
farmers of the last generation. In the trans- 
action of the town's business, both as a Se- 
lectman and a member of the School Board, 
he displayed much natural ability. He was a 
Democrat in politics. His death occurred on 
August 25, 1895. By his first marriage, 
which was contracted with Lucy Ann Whit- 
tredge, of Hamilton, who died in 1852, there 
were two children — Lydia D. and Lucy A. 
Lydia D. married David B. Wallace, the man- 
ager of the Saltonstall estate in West Pea- 
body, Mass., and has a son, Frederick, who is 
the chief engineer of the Pacific Cotton Mills 
in Lawrence, Mass. Lucy A., who became 
the wife of D. W. Appleton, a farmer of Ips- 
wich, Mass., died leaving three children — 
Daniel H., Marietta, and Elliott L. The 
second marriage of Jarvis Lamson united him 
to I^sthcr Woodberry, of this town. Her par- 
ents, Elliott and Polly (Stone) Woodberry, 



both now deceased, were lifelong residents of 
Hamilton. Their other children were: Will- 
iam, George, and Mary. William died in 
1887, and George in 1870. Mrs. Esther 
Lamson became the mother of four children — 
Jarvis, Jonathan, Isaac A., and Elliott W. 
Jarvis Lamson, Jr., is a member of the well- 
known firm of Lamson & Hubbard, hatters 
and furriers at 92 Bedford Street, Boston, and 
resides in Newton, Mass. He successively 
married Hattic A. Drinkwater and Sarah 
Titus, of Dorchester, Mass. The children 
of the first union were: Esther W. , deceased; 
May; and Jarvis. The only child of his sec- 
ond union is Barbara. Isaac A. Lamson re- 
sides with his brother at the homestead. 
Elliott W. is a professor at Columbia Col- 
lege, New York City. The mother died July 
I, 1864. 

Jonathan Lamson prepared for his collegiate 
course at Dummer Academy, and graduated at 
Amherst College with the class of 1877. 
Subsequently, after reading law with Charles 
Scwall, of Salem, Mass., for two and one-half 
years, he decided not to enter the legal profes- 
sion, and in 1881 returned to the homestead 
in Hamilton. Since then he has given his 
attention to general farming and dairying. 
His land, comprising two hundred and sixty- 
two acres and desirably located, is exceed- 
ingly fertile. The homestead has been in the 
family since 1694. 

On March 24, 1884, Mr. Lamson was 
united in marriage with Hattie A. Dodge, 
who was born in Ipswich, March 12, 1858, 
daughter of James P. and Abigail (Goodwin) 
Dodge. Her father, now deceased, was a na- 
tive of Hamilton; while her mother, who was 
born in Ipswich, is a resident of Salem. Mr. 
and Mrs. Lamson have one son, Jonathan 
Lamson, Jr., who was born August 23, 1S85. 
Politically, Mr. Lamson is one of the active 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



17 



supporters of the Democratic party. He ren- 
dered valuable public service as a member of 
the School Board in 1886, 1887, 1888, 1889, 
and 1896, and has ably filled other town 
offices. Mrs. Lanison is a member of the 
Congregational church. 




(HARLES GREENE, an enterprising 
merchant of Ballardvale, an ex-mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts legislat- 
ure, and a Civil War veteran, was born in 
Andover, May 10, 1840, son of Eaton and 
Sarah (Nichols) Greene. The grandfather, 
Jabez Greene, a lifelong resident of Epsom, 
N.H., throughout the greater part of his life, 
having followed the business of building con- 
tractor during his active period, spent his last 
years in Andover. He married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Nichols, of Haverhill, Mass., and 
became the father of four children, namely: 
Abbie A., now the wife of W. H. B. Wood- 
lin; William H., of whom there is no special 
record; Laura A., the wife of Newton 
Jaquith ; and Charles, the subject of this 
sketch. 

Charles Greene acquired his education in 
the common schools of his native town. He 
then learned stereotyping, and worked in the 
Andover printing-house for three years. On 
May I, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany H, F"irst Regiment, Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery. The regiment was sta- 
tioned at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, for 
three months, did duty for a year each on 
Arlington Heights, opposite the national cap- 
ital, and Maryland Heights, and was then 
ordered to the front, participating in the 
battles of Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and 
several other engagements. Honorably dis- 
charged August 8, 1864, Mr. Greene returned 
to Andover. Resuming his trade, he fol- 



lowed it in this town and in ]5oston until 
1872. Then he came to Ballardvale, and es- 
tablished himself in the grocery and dry-goods 
business, which he has since conducted with 
success. 

In all, Mr. Greene was Selectman for 
eleven years, and he has been an Assessor and 
an Overseer of the Poor. He was elected to 
the legislature in 1890 and again in 1894, 
and was assigned to the Committees on Towns 
and Drainage. He is connected with St. 
Matthew Lodge, F. & A. M., and is at the 
present time Commander of Post No. 99, 
G. A. R. In 1 861 he married Hannah S. 
Higgins, daughter of Archibald Higgins, of 
Andover. The only child of the union, Harry 
C. Greene, died at the age of eighteen years. 



^OHN H. SUTTON, the proprietor and 
general superintendent of the North 
Andover Woollen Mills, was born in 
New York City, December 22, 1S60, son 
of General Eben and Mary (Hasbrouck) Sut- 
ton. The family originated with Richard 
Sutton, who resided in Charlestown, Mass., 
and was a tanner by trade. William Sutton, 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was a woollen manufacturer. In 1802 he be- 
came the owner of the woollen-mills in North 
Andover established by John and William 
Schofield, which have since remained in the 
family's possession. The grandfather, who 
was born in the year 1800 and passed the 
greater part of his life in Salem, conducted 
the mills for many years. While an able 
business man, he was a public-spirited citi- 
zen; and he served in both chambers of the 
State legislature, besides holding the rank of 
Major-general in the militia. 

General Eben Sutton, John H. Sutton's 
father, was born and educated in Salem, 



i8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Mass. When a young man he entered the 
dry-goods commission house of Farnum, Dale 
& Co. in New York City. Some years later 
this firm was succeeded by that of Sutton, 
Smith & Co., which included Mayor Strong, 
of New York, as a junior partner. In 1865 
Eben Sutton disposed of his interest in the 
concern in order to take charge of the Sutton 
Mills in North Andover; and he continued to 
reside here until his death, which occurred in 
1895. The community is much indebted to 
him for the establishment of the North An- 
dover Public Library, which was opened in 
1875, and contains eight thousand volumes. 
At the age of sixteen he joined the Salem 
Cadets, of which company he was a Lieuten- 
ant at eighteen. After settling in New York 
he became a member of the famous Seventh 
Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y. After his return 
to Massachusetts he was appointed an Aide 
on the staff of Brigadier-general George H. 
Peirson. Later he was made Adjutant, with 
rank of Lieutenant Colonel; and he succeeded 
General Peirson, after the Litter's death, as 
commander of the Second Brigade. He mar- 
ried Mary Hasbrouck, daughter of John L. 
Hasbrouck, and reared three children: Eben 
Sutton, now of Boston; Eliza, the wife of 
Ernest Young, of Cambridge, Mass.; and 
John H., the subject of this sketch. 

John H. Sutton accompanied his parents to 
North Andover when he was five years old. 
He was fitted for his collegiate course at St. 
Paul's School, Concord, after which he en- 
tered Trinity College; but, preferring a mer- 
cantile career, he did not graduate. He has 
been connected with the Sutton Mills since 
December i, 1885, at which time he became 
book-keeper. Previous to becoming the 
owner of the mills, he had worked his way 
forward to the responsible position of superin- 
tendent. Under the direction of so able a 



business man the future of the mills bids fair 
to eclipse its past record. In politics he is a 
Democrat, but he takes no active interest in 
public affairs. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. 

On April 26, 1883, Mr. Sutton married 
Mary O. Jacobs, daughter of Joseph and Mary 
A. (Poor) Jacobs, of Peabody, Mass. He has 
four children — Richard, Francis, Mary Has- 
brouck, and Eben Sutton, all residing at 
home. Richard is a student of Phillips Acad- 
emy, while the others attend the public 
schools. 



tLEXANDER M. HUNTINGTON, a 
retired business man of Amesbury, 
^___ was born here. May 15, 1825. His 
]iarcnts were PLnoch and Rebecca (Flanders) 
Huntington. He had two brothers and one 
sister — Jacob R., Moses P., and Louisa. 
Moses P., who had a carriage business in 
Amesbury for some time, married Miss Rhoda 
IJartlett. Miss Louisa Huntington lives near 
her brother Alexander. 

In early boyhood Alexander M. Huntington 
attended school in Garland, Me., his home at 
that time. Afterward he was a student at the 
Barnard School, South Hampton. Entering 
the profession of teacher, subsequently he 
taught for fifteen years in Maine, Massachu- 
setts, New Jersey, and New Hampshire, with 
marked success. He had charge of a number 
of difficult schools, with sometimes one hun- 
dred pupils at a time. A forty-niner, he 
went to California around the Horn, and 
returned by way of the Isthmus. While in 
California, where he spent fourteen montlis en- 
tirely, he worked in the mines on the Ameri- 
can River. He was finally attacked with ma- 
larial fever, and was advised by his physician 
to return home. As he entered the tropics 
on the way hack, he exjierienced a marked 




ALEXANDER M. HUNTINGTON. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



21 



change for the better. In 1867 he and Will- 
iam G. Ellis, who is now deceased, started a 
carriage business at Amesbury under the firm 
name of Huntington & Ellis; and they were 
together eight years. Mr. Huntington was 
then for seven years without an associate, and 
in the meantime purchased the Jacob R. 
Huntington factory. In 1882 he retired from 
active business. He was the first president 
of the Amesbury National Bank and one of 
the original trustees of the public library. 

In May, 1874, Mr. Huntington was married 
to Miss Frances Lurania Gile, of South 
Hampton, N.H. They have one daughter, 
Helen, now in the high school. Mr. Hunt- 
ington is one of the Sinking Fund Commis- 
sioners of Amesbury, was Town Treasurer for 
nine years, and the chairman of the Board of 
Selectmen for three years. In 1885 he was in 
the legislature, and served on the Finance 
Committee, going as a member of that com- 
mittee to inspect the Tewksbiiry Almshouse. 
He was on the Joint Committee in the House 
with Governor Greenhalge, and had a seat 
near him; and he was on the Joint Committee 
on Expenditures, working hard for some relief 
from supporting the bridges across the Merri- 
mac River. Mr. Huntington is a member of 
the Pioneer Society, which meets every 
month in the United States Hotel, Boston. 



KVVIS T. HARDY, the well-known 
contractor and i^uilder of Andover, 
^ was born in tliis town, May 151 
1849, son of William and Susan W. (Robin- 
son) Hardy. The grandfather, Stephen Hardy, 
a lifelong resident of Andover, owned a large 
farm, which he cultivated during the active 
period of his life. 

William Hardy, the father, purchased a 
farm in West Andover. Besides carrying on 



general farming, he paid considerable atten- 
tion to market gardening. He acquired a 
comfortable competency, and continued active 
until his death, which occurred March 10, 
1 888. His wife, Susan, a native of Maine, 
who came to Massachusetts when a young 
girl, became the mother of the following chil- 
dren: Charles E. , now the foreman of the sole 
leather department of A. Vinton & Co.'s shoe 
factory in Reading, Mass. ; Lewis T., the 
subject of this sketch; Willard P., who died 
at the age of sixteen years; Albert A., a pros- 
perous farmer and market gardener of this 
town; Susan J., who married George W. 
Means, the chief of the Andover police, and 
has one child, Soiihronia H. ; Emma H., who 
married George Bennett, a prosperous dairy 
farmer of Andover, and has three children; 
Edward S., who married Laura Lovejoy, Oc- 
tober 2, 1893, and has one child; and Fred- 
erick L. , who married Alice Twiss, and has 
one child, Mary B. Hardy, and resides in An- 
dover. Sophronia H. Means married George 
Wiswell, a milk dealer of Rosendale, and has 
three children. 

Lewis T. Hardy was educated in the public 
schools of Andover. At the age of "seventeen 
he entered upon an apprenticeship at the car- 
penter's trade, which he subsequently fol- 
lowed as a journeyman for some years prior to 
engaging in business for hi.niself. He is now 
one of the most prominent coutiactors in this 
section and the senior member of the firm 
Hardy & Cole, which has gained a wide repu- 
tation as reliable builders. He also conducts 
a large business as a lumber dealer. 

Mr. Hardy married Hattie R. Abbott, a 
daughter of Ezra and Hannah V>. Abbott, the 
former of whom is an industrious farmer of 
Andover. Mrs. Hardy is the mother of five 
children, namely: \\. Louise, formerly a 
school teacher and now employed in an insur- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ance office in this town; Hattie livclyn; 
William A.; Philip Lewis; and Roy E. 
Hardy. Politically, Mr. Hardy is a Republi- 
can. Although taking a lively interest in 
public affairs, business pressure has prevented 
him from holding any town office except that 
of Chief Engineer of the Fire Department, 
which he has capably filled for the past nine 
years. Some time since he completed a com- 
fortable and attractive residence for his own 
occupancy. He is a Master Mason, and be- 
longs to St. Matthew's Lodge, Andover. 
Both he and his family attend Old South, or 
Congregational, Church. 




"ON. MOSES T. STEVENS, the 
well-known woollen manufacturer of 
North Andover and an ex-member 
of Congress, was born in this town, Octo- 
ber lo, 1825, son of Captain Nathaniel 
and Harriet (Hale) Stevens. He is a de- 
scendant in the sixth generation of John 
Stevens, an Englishman, who was the founder 
of the American family. John Stevens settled 
in Andover at an early date in the town's his- 
tory. He and his descendants down to the 
present day took an active part in the devel- 
opment of the town. He died April 11, 
1662, and the oldest gravestone in the ancient 
burying-ground on Prospect Street marks his 
resting-]3lace. 

Captain Nathaniel Stevens was the founiler 
of the woollen manufacturing business that 
bears his name. In 18 13 he erected a factory 
on Cochichawick Brook, the site of the first 
grist-mill in Andover, built in i6.<^4, since 
which time the locality has been known as 
Stevens Village. His wife, Harriet, was a 
daughter of Moses Hale, a native of Lowell 
and a fuller and finisher of woollen goods. 
She became the mother of nine children, five 



of whom are living. The latter are: Henry 
H. ; Julia M., the widow of S. S. Hunting; 
Catherine, the wife of Oliver Stevens; A. 
Plliza, who is now Mrs. Smith; and the Hon. 
Moses T., the subject of this sketch. 

Moses T. Stevens was graduated from 
Phillips Academy in 1S42. He had entered 
Dartmouth College, when, deciding to imme- 
diately enter business, he abandoned the idea 
of pursuing a classical course. Since 1843 
he has been connected with the Stevens Mills. 
Owing to the increased demands made for the 
mill's goods, the plant was greatly enlarged 
in 1887 and 1888. The firm is now known as 
M. T. Stevens & Sons. Besides the factory 
in North Andover, they operate mills in An- 
dover, Haverhill, and Franklin, N.H. Mr. 
Stevens was for twenty-five years Motlerator 
at town meetings. He was induced to accept 
the Democratic nomination for Representative 
to Congress in 1890, and having been elected 
he was re-elected in 1892. He was a firm 
supporter of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff ]5ill, 
and during the last national campaign he 
allied himself with the sound money wing of 
his party. His religious belief is that of the 
Unitarians. 

In 1853 Mr. Stevens was united in marriage 
with Charlotte E. Osgood, daughter of Isaac 
Osgood, of North Andover. Of his eight 
children, six are living, namely: Mary Os- 
good; Nathaniel; Sam Dale; Virginia, wife 
of Whitman Cross; Helen; and Moses T. 
Stevens, Jr. Ills three sons are connected 
with him in business. 



eJi^TEPHEN C. OSGOOD, Chief of 
Police in Amesbury and an ex- 
member of the town's Board of 
Selectmen, was born in Georgetown, Mass., 
January i, 1854, son of Steplien (third) and 




BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



23 



Sarah P. (Carter) Osgood. He is a descend- 
ant in the eighth generation of William Os- 
good, who settled at Salisbury in 1638, and 
owned a large tract of land, extending for half 
a mile inland from the Merrimac River, 
within the limits of the present village of 
Amc'sbury. A millwright and carpenter, 
this ancestor erected the first mill in Salis- 
bury, which stood upon the site now occupied 
by the Hamilton Corporation Building. Hav- 
ing been successful in business, he left con- 
siderable property. He married the widow of 
Nathaniel VVhittier. His grandson, William, 
born in 1673, who died in Salisbury in 1752, 
married Hannah Colby. Joseph Osgood, the 
fourth in line, born in 1729, married Rebecca 
Knapp. 

Stephen Osgood (first), great-grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch, born in 1761, fol- 
lowed the trade of a ship-calker. The first of 
his three marriages was contracted with 
Eleanor True; the second, with Ruth Porter; 
and the third, with Tabitha Currier. Stephen 
Osgood (second), the grandfather of Stephen 
C, jjorn in 1797, was a son of Stephen and 
Tabitha Osgood. He was a lifelong and well- 
to-do resident of Salisbury. The maiden 
name of his wife was Charlotte Morrill. 
Stephen Osgood (third), who was born in 
1826, settled in Georgetown, where he estab- 
lished himself in business as a tailor. He 
became prominent in public affairs, and served 
in both branches of the State legislature. In 
politics he was a Republican. His wife, 
Sarah, who was a native of Georgetown, be- 
came the mother of four children, namely: 
Louis K. and Charles C. Osgood, both of 
whom are active business men in Haverhill, 
Mass. ; Charlotte, now the wife of C. C. Has- 
kell, a wholesale produce dealer in Jackson- 
ville, Fla. ; and Stephen C, the subject of 
this sketch. 



Stephen C. Osgood was educated in the 
public schools of his native town. Since he 
left school, with the exception of a few years 
spent in business with his father, his time has 
been chiefly given to the carriage-making in- 
dustry. For fourteen years he was employed 
by W. E. Biddle, of Aniesbury, and he has 
been connected with the Aniesbury Carriage 
Company's factory for three years. He has 
evinced a lively interest in political affairs 
since reaching his majority, and as a Select- 
man he proved himself a capable member of 
tlie town government. In addition to serving 
on the Board of Selectmen, he acted as Super- 
intendent of Streets during the year 1897. 
In April, 1S9S, he was elected Chief of Police, 
succeeding Mr. Jamrin in that office. So far 
he has proved himself an active and efficient 
officer. In 1878 he married Susie J. Sly, a 
daughter of Amos A. Sly, of Georgetown. 



/^^^^)eORGE H. GIBNEY, a well-known 
\|5| contractor of Hamilton, was born in 
Salem, October 24, 1S58. His par- 
ents were John and Elizabeth (Brown) Gib- 
ncy. The father, a tanner and currier by 
trade, carried on business in Salem for many 
years. About twenty years ago he made his 
residence upon the farm in this town that has 
since become the property of the Myopia 
Club. 

After leaving the public schools of Salem, 
George H. Gibney learned tanning and curry- 
ing in his father's shop. Subsequently, tir- 
ing of the trade, which required him to be 
constantly indoors, he and his brother, Ed- 
ward P., formed the firm of Gibney Brothers, 
and went into the business of boarding horses 
during the summer for the members of the 
Myopia Club. This they successfully con- 
ducted for some years, when the farm, was sold 



24 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



to the club. Mr. Gibney has since been suc- 
cessfully engaged in his present line of busi- 
ness. 

On February 12, 1889, Mr. Gibney was 
married to Anna L. Whipple, a daughter of 
Alonzo and Abbic Whipple and a grand- 
daughter of John Whipple, the founder of the 
Chibacco House. In 1892, 1893, and 1894 
he served as a Selectman of the town, and at 
the March meeting, 1898, he was again elected 
to that office. He has served on various town 
committees, among the most important of 
which was the one that had charge of the 
building of the South Hamilton grammar 
school-house. He was the first to propose 
and was the prime mover in securing the town 
clock now in the church steeple. He is a 
member of Ontario Lodge, Improved Order of 
Red Men, having served in all the chairs, and 
being now a Past Sachem. He is an ex-Coun- 
cillor of the local body of U. O. A. M. ; a 
member of Israel Putnam Commandery, Loyal 
Legion of Salem; and of Chibacco Colony of 
Pilgrim Fathers. For several years he was 
chairman of the Democratic Town Committee; 
but, as he was not in sympathy with the free 
silver movement of 1896, he has since affili- 
ated with the Republican party. Mr. Gibney 
attends the People's Church at Hamilton. 



■f^TON. WILLIAM HENRY PREN- 
1-^ TICE WRIGHT was for many 

-l^ V -• yC'irs a leading member of the legal 

fraternity of Lawrence. A son of Nathaniel 
Wright, he was born in the neighboring 
city of Lowell. The father, who had the 
advantage of a liberal education, was well 
known throughout Northern Middlesex County 
as an able lawyer. He was very prominent in 
municipal affairs, and served as Mayor of the 
city for several terms. He reared four sons 



and one daughter, all of whom have passed 
away. 

William H. P. Wright, after graduating 
from Harvard College in early manhood, ob- 
tained admission to the bar, and began the 
practice of his profession in Lowell with his 
father. Coming from there to Lawrence soon 
after that city was incorporated, he entered 
the office of Daniel Saunders, and became one 
of the first resident lawyers of the place. 
Later, in partnership with his elder brother, 
Thomas Wright, he aided in transacting a 
large legal business until the death of the 
senior member of the firm. Thereafter he 
practised alone for the remainder of his life. 
A man of undoubted integrity and ability, and 
well versed in legal lore, he was often called 
to positions of responsibility." In addition to 
serving as a Representative to the State legis- 
lature, he was Mayor of Lawrence for two 
terms during the trying times of the Rebel- 
lion. In 1885 he erected the beautiful resi- 
dence in which his widow now resides, and 
where, though his health was impaired, he en- 
joyed the last four years of his life. Frater- 
nally, he was a Master Mason, and in politics 
he was a conservative Republican. His death 
occurred at his home, 55 East Haverhill 
Street, on July 26, 1891, in his sixty-fifth 
year. 

On October 15, 1852, Mr. Wright married 
Miss Ella M. Kilburn, a daughter of John A. 
and Sarah (Gray) Kilburn, the former of 
whom was born in Sterling, Mass., and the 
latter in Groton. Mr. Kilburn settled in 
Boston, Mass., when a young man, and was 
there engaged in lousiness until his demise. 
His widow survived him five years, and died 
in Groton, Mass., at the age of sixty years. 
They reared three children, namely: William 
Henry Kilburn, an editor and ]iulilisher, who 
died in New York City; l^lizabeth, wlio died 







WILLIAM H. P. WRIGHT. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



at Akron, Ohio; and Ella M., now Mrs. 
Wright. Bred and educated in Boston, Mrs. 
Wright is a woman of refinement, and is held 
in high respect throughout the community. 
She is a member of the Episcopal church, of 
which Mr. Wright was a regular attendant. 
She and Mr. Wright reared a son, Emory T., 
so named after his father's brother. Emory 
T. Wright, who was born in Lowell, Mass., 
in 1856, is now residing at the home of his 
late father in Lawrence, began life for himself 
as a clerk in the post-office. Here, gradually 
working his way upward through the various 
departments, he became route agent in the 
United States mail service, an important posi- 
tion, which he has held several years. In 
1S97, on a part of the extensive grounds of 
the Wright homestead property in East Haver- 
hill Street, he erected a fine double tenement 
house, which yields him a good income. He 
was married in November, 1880, to Miss Lucy 
Ropes, daughter of Joseph and Julia (Tuck) 
Ropes, and has two sons — Emory T. and 
William H. P., both attending school. 



OHN HOOPER, of Rockport, of the 
firm John Hooper & Son, dealers in 
lumber, brick, lime, cement, paints, 
and oils, was born here, December 3, 
1849. His parents, John and Margaret (Tarr) 
Hooper, were also natives of Rockport. The 
father, who was a son of Robert Hooper, be- 
sides being a carpenter, qualified as a ship- 
builder and a house-builder. During the 
Civil War he was employed in Charlestown 
navy-yard ; and for many years he was a con- 
tractor and builder in Rockport, and the head 
of the firm John Hooper & Son. In politics 
he was a Republican, and he had a wide circle 
of acquaintances and friends. He died in 
1893. 



John Hooper, the subject of this sketch, at- 
tended the public schools of Rockport, and 
graduated from French & Chamberlain's Com- 
mercial College in Boston. He learned the 
carpenter's trade with his father, and was the 
junior member of the contracting firm of John 
Hooper & Son. In addition to their business 
as contractors, the firm engaged in the lum- 
ber trade; and some years ago they shipped 
lumber by the cargo from the old wharf in 
Rockport. Since his father's death Mr. 
Hooper has been the sole proprietor of the 
business, though he retains the original firm 
name. His establishment is near the Boston 
& Maine Railroad station in Rockport. He 
has been very successful in financial affairs, 
and has a large business. 

By his marriage with Sarah A., daughter of 
Manasseh Brown, of Ipswich, Mass., Mr. 
Hooper is the father of two children — ■ Harry 
B. and Norman S. He votes the Republican 
ticket. A strong believer in total abstinence, 
he is an active worker for the cause. He is a 
member of Granite Lodge, I. O. O. F., of 
Rockport; of Ashler Lodge, A. F. & A. M., 
of the same town; of the Rockport branch 
of the A. O. U. W. ; and of the Temple of 
Honor, a temperance organization here. He 
is also a member of Rebekah Lodge of Rock- 
port. A public-spirited citizen, Mr. Hooper 
favors all measures likely to benefit his native 
town. 




ACHARIAH COLE, a venerable 
and well-known resident of Wenham 
and a Deacon of the Baptist church, 
was born in Beverly, July 26, 18 17, son of 
Zachariah M. and Annie (Edwards) Cole. 
Several generations of Coles have lived in 
Beverly, and the men of the family have been 
among the leading citizens of that town. 
Samuel Cole, grandfather of the subject of 



28 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



this sketch, was a soldier in the Revolution. 
Zachariah M. was born in the old town, and 
spent his life there. In his early years he 
taught school, and was a land surveyor for 
these parts. His teaching was confined to the 
winter term, for eighteen of which he taught 
in his own town. He also taught in the town 
of Hamilton. When not otherwise engaged, 
he gave his attention to farming. His wife, 
Annie, was born in Wenham. 

Zachariah Cole, who grew to manhood in 
Beverly, received his education in the public 
schools of the town. When sixteen years of 
age he began to work at shoemaking, being 
still in Beverly. After following the shoe- 
maker's trade for some years, he engaged in 
the grocery business at Beverly, at the same 
time continuing the making of shoes in com- 
pany with Robert Whipple, under the name 
of Cole & Whipple. He subsequently en- 
gaged in farming, all the while keeping up his 
work on shoes when he had time to spare. In 
the spring of 1876 he came to Wenham, and 
settled on the farm he now occupies. Since 
that time he has been engaged in agriculture 
and milk producing. 

Mr. Cole first married Hannah Patch, of 
]5everly. She bore him four children, two of 
whom are living: George E., of Beverly; and 
Hannah A., the wife of William P. Dodge, of 
Wenham. She died in 1851. Mr. Cole 
afterward wedded Lucy B. Dodge, a sister of 
Francis M. Dodge, of Wenham. By this 
marriage there were five children, of whom 
two are living, namely: Frank, who resides 
on the farm; and Lucy E., now the wife of 
John T. Folsom, of Salem, Mass. Mrs. Lucy 
Cole died on March 7, 1894. While residing 
in Beverly, Mr. Cole served as Selectman of 
that town for two years, and was on the School 
Board for several years. In politics he is a 
Prohibitionist. He is a member of both the 



Odd I'ellows and the Masonic organizations of 
Beverly, and for many years has been a mem- 
ber and a Deacon of the Wenham Baptist 
Church. 



TT^ALEB PIKE, a leading farmer of 
C Sr^ Salisbury and a native of that town, 
^i^ ^ was born November 20, 1820. He 
is a direct descendant of Major Robert Pike, 
and is also related to Brigadier-general 
Zebulon Pike, the discoverer of Pike's Peak, 
whose daughter married a near relative of 
President Harrison. His grandfather, Moses 
Pike, a maker of edged tools, went to Ipswich 
to weld scythes, a.xes, and other sharp instru- 
ments. Many of the tools manufactured by 
Moses are still in the workshop owned by his 
grandson. P^or years more cattle were shod 
in this same shop than in any other shop in 
the county. Caleb's parents were both Pikes, 
although removed several generations in rela- 
tionship. 

Having lived inider the parental roof-tree 
until he was thirty years old, Caleb Pike 
bought his present farm. On June 13, 1843, 
he married Sally Stevens, who, born August 
31, 18 18, was a member of one of the old fam- 
ilies of the district. Their three children 
are: Caroline Rebecca, born July 4, 1849; 
Hannah Stevens, born September 12, 1854; 
and Caleb Scott, born August 30, 1858. 
Caroline, who married Frank A. Chopin, the 
Postmaster in Salisbury village, has two chil- 
dren — Nellie and Arlington. Hannah 
Stevens is living with the widow of James 
Pike. By Mr. Pike's second marriage, which 
united him March 27, 1S64, with Susie A. 
Courrier, there were five children, namely: 
Emma Florence, born January 21, 1867, who 
died young; Annie May, born December 3, 
1869, who married John Gibbins, the book- 
keeper and collector in Amesbury of the New 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



England Telephone Company, and has a son, 
Edward Gibbins; Wilbur Courrier, born Jan- 
uary 31, 1871 ; Susie Gertrude, born Decem- 
ber 23, 1S73; and Moses Kellum, born June 
2, 1878. 

Mr. Pike has never been actively interested 
in political matters, and has not cared to hold 
public office. However, he has been High- 
way Surveyor for many years, and he is much 
esteemed by his townsmen. On his farm the 
largest crop is hay. Formerly he had many 
o.xen. Now his stock comprises about twenty 
horned cattle and three horses. He is proud 
of his ancestry, which dates back to the time 
of the Norman Conquest of England. The 
family has included many distinguished men, 
both professional and otherwise. In this 
country it has given to the nation stalwart 
yeomen, brave soldiers, and men of sterling 
worth in business life. 




'^AMUEL EATON, Tax Collector of 
Amesbury, was born in the year 
1839, in the Gushing house, at 
East Salisbury, Mass., the same house in 
which Caleb Gushing was born in the year 
1800, and which then stood near Gushing 
Corner, but was subsequently torn down. 
His father, Henry Eaton, was a mariner. 
Being taken sick with yellow fever on board a 
ship sailing from Havana to New York, 
Henry Eaton was taken to a hospital in New 
York, where he improved sufficiently to start 
for home. He died, however, a few days after 
reaching home, in the year 1845. His wife, 
Jemima B. Eaton, mother of Samuel Eaton, 
died in the year 1869. The subject of this 
sketch has three sisters now living, one in 
Amesbury, one in Merrimac, and the third in 
Kensington, N. H. 

Samuel Eaton in his boyhood days worked 



at farming and shoemaking. After he had 
finished his course in the town school, he en- 
tered the Tilton Seminary at Tilton, N.H., 
where he remained three terms, afterward en- 
tering Eastman's Business College at Pough- 
keepsie, N.Y., at which he was graduated. 

In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company 
G, Forty-eighth Regiment, sailed from New 
York the ist of January, 1863, in the ship 
"Constellation," and arrived at New Orleans 
the 1st of February. He then took a steamer 
for Baton Rouge, where he landed with the 
regiment a few days later. He was at the 
battle of Port Hudson Plains in May, 1863, 
then at the siege of Port Hudson, and later at 
Donaldsonville, where the Union forces were 
attacked by the enemy. Arriving home in 
August, he was mustered out with the regi- 
ment in September, 1863. 

In 1S64 he entered King's Clothing House 
at Detroit, Mich., and later went to Howell, 
Mich., where he was employed in the store of 
Jewett & Grossman, who had a large country 
trade at that time. In 1866 he returned 
home, and taught the grammar school in East 
Salisbury, moving in 1870 to Amesbury, 
where he worked in carriage shops until 1890. 
He was then elected Tax Collector, and has 
since held that office, a period of over eight 
years. He is a member of Powow River 
Lodge, No. 90, I. O. O. F. 

Mr. Eaton married Miss Lizzie T. Dow, of 
East Salisbury, daughter of Andrew and 
Louisa Dow. She died in 1880, leaving one 
son, Henry S., who is a shoe cutter by trade 
and resides in Amesbury. 



ANIEL W. FRIEND, an influential 
resident of Manchester, is a native 
of this town. He was born August 
17, 181 7, son of Captain Daniel and Lucy 



Ji 



3° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



(Knight) P^ientl, who were respectively na- 
tives of Wenham and Manchester, Mass. His 
grandfather was John Friend, better known by 
the familiar title of "Deacon " Friend. The 
father was Captain of a militia company, and 
did service in forts along the coast in the 
War of 1812. He died in 1820. 

Daniel W. Friend grew to manhood in Man- 
chester on the old place where he was born, 
and which has been in the possession of the 
family for over two hundred years. He at- 
tended the common schools, and later a private 
school in Gloucester for some months in the 
winter, thereafter beginning to learn the car- 
penter's trade at the age of si.xteen. Hav- 
ing completed an apprenticeship of four years, 
he went to Boston, and there worked as a 
journeyman carpenter for several years. He 
also worked in Dorchester, Ko.xbury, and Bev- 
erly. Later he was successfully engaged in 
business for himself at Manchester as a con- 
tractor and builder for a number of years. In 
1849 he went " around the Horn " to Califor- 
nia, being si.x months out before reaching San 
Francisco. On his arrival, instead of going 
to the gold fields, he resumed work at his 
trade, taking contracts. After remaining in 
California for less than a year, he came home 
by way of Nicaragua. 

Mr. Friend has been three times married, 
and had one son, Daniel, now deceased. The 
present Mrs. Friend was before this marriage 
Mrs. Martha S. Pierce, the widow of Joseph 
Pierce, late of Manchester, and a daughter of 
Josiah Purnham, late of PZssex, Mass. Dur- 
ing the session of 1852 Mr. P'riend was sent 
by the Free Soil jiarty as a Representative to 
the General Court. He has served for one 
term as Selectman of Manchester, also as 
Assessor and Overseer of the Poor. At pres- 
ent he is a member of the Board of Park Com- 
missioners. In politics he is a Republican. 



He is a warm advocate of prohibition, and 
has spent both time and money in forwarding 
temperance principles. During the Civil War 
and prior to it he was a strong anti-slavery 
agitator. A self-made man, his place in the 
world has been won by his own energy and 
determination. 



/^^JeORGE F. dodge, a leading resi- 
V ^ I dent of Wenham and a Deacon of the 
Wenham Baptist Church, was born 
here, March 11, 1833, son of Stephen and 
Sally (Grant) Dodge. The Dodge family, 
which has been settled here for many years, 
has given to the town men of solid worth and 
ability. Amos Dodge, the grandfather of 
George F., was well-known throughout the dis- 
trict. The father, also a native of Wenham, 
was engaged in teaching in early life, mostly 
in the town of Beverly. He was active as a 
citii;en, and served the town as Selectman and 
Town Clerk. A man of ardent religious 
views, he was a zealous member of the Con- 
gregational church, and for years served as 
Deacon in that body. He died in 1876, 
being then in his eighty-fourth year. His 
wife was a native of Beverly. 

George I'. Dodge received his early train- 
ing in the public schools of Wenham. Since 
leaving school he has devoted his time to agri- 
cultural pursuits. He married Mary Abbie 
Dodge, a native of Beverly and a daughter of 
the late Richard Dodge, and became the 
father of two children — Mary J. and Alice 
F. — both now deceased. Mrs. Mary Abbie 
Dodge died in 1879. She was a devoted 
member of the Baptist church. 

Mr. Dodge takes an active interest in local 
affairs, and helps any movement looking to 
the welfare or improvement of the town. He 
is a Republican in politics, and has served the 




PKKKINS MERRILL. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



33 



])iiblic as Road Surveyor for his district. 
Since 1854 he has been a member of the Bap- 
tist church and a Deacon of the society for 
over thirty years. A large amount of his 
time and service and earnest effort has been 
devoted to forwarding the interests of the 
church. 



||^y':RKINS MERRILL, a well-luiown 
[produce merchant of Salisbury, has 

!■- lived in this town since his birth, on 

February S, 1832. A son of Abel and Elea- 
nor Jackman Merrill, he belongs to one of 
the oldest and best known families in this 
section. The first of the name in America 
was Nathaniel, who came from England in 
1635. His son, Daniel, was the first Merrill 
to settle in Salisbury. Daniel's son Thomas 
located on a farm near the residence of Per- 
kins Merrill, and became prominent in church 
and town affairs. When the redcoats were 
coming from England, he enlisted in the 
Home Guard ; and it is told of him that he 
nailed up a boot-heel as a target, and prac- 
tised firing at it in order to be ready to shoot 
if occasion should require. The maiden name 
of his wife was Margaret Allen. John, son of 
Thomas, enlisted in the Provincial army from 
Salisbury, and fought in the battle of Bunker 
Hill. As a citizen he was prominent in town 
affairs, and was a zealous churchman. The 
next in line, John (second), died at the age of 
fifty-six years. He married Jane Eaton, and 
had a family of seven children, of whom Abel 
was the youngest. Abel Merrill, father of 
Perkins, was a farmer and a prominent mem- 
ber of the Methodist church, being steward in 
that society for many years. He was one of 
the Building Committee of the present church, 
which was erected in 1834 as a union church, 
and took the place of the old Congregational 
church. For several years he was a Captain 



in the State militia. Levi, son of Abel, en- 
listed February 6, 1864, as a private in the 
Heavy Artillery, and, stationed at Fort War- 
ren, served until the close of the Civil War. 
Upon being mustered out, he returned to 
Salisbury, and carried on shoemaking in his 
own shop. He died in August, 1S94. The 
maiden name of his wife was Alice Morrill. 
Their son, Frank, is still living, and resides 
on the old place. Frank married Annette 
Eaton, and has one daughter, Ellen. 

Perkins Merrill received his early training 
in the Putnam F"ree School. After leaving 
that institution he taught school for sixteen 
years, mostly in Salisbury and in Amesbury. 
For a part of the time he was engaged in un- 
graded schools and for a part in grammar 
schools. On August 8, 1862, he resigned in 
order to enlist in the Union army. In Com- 
pany C of the Forty-eighth Regiment he 
went to Port Hudson with General Banks, and 
was in the battles at Port Hudson, the plains 
of Port Hudson, and Donaldsonville. A 
short time after his enlistment he was pro- 
moted to the rank of Corporal. After he was 
mustered out, September 3, 1863, he went to 
Westboro, where he was for three years assist- 
ant superintendent of the State Reform 
School. Then he came to Salisbury, and has 
since been engaged in the produce business, 
his trade lying principally in Amesbury, New- 
buryport, and Seabrook. 

Mr. Merrill has been a dclcj^atc to various 
political conventions. He has never been a 
Democrat, and has never voted for license. 
Like many of his ancestors, he has been an 
active church member, serving as steward and 
class leader for some years and as superintend- 
ent of the Sunday-school for thirty-one years. 
For many years he has been a zealous sup- 
porter of temperance movements. He has 
been a member of the O. U. A. M. Lodge of 



34 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Salisbury since it was organized. He is a 
comrade of A. W. Bartlett Post, No. 49, 
G. A. R., of Newburyport; and he has served 
as chaplain of the Forty-eighth Regiment As- 
sociation, and is now its secretary. The first 
of his two marriages was contracted with 
Ellen French, who died in 1S66; and the sec- 
ond, with Sarah E. Forsyth, who died in 
1877, and was buried with her infant child. 
A son by his first wife died when a year old. 



/^3!)kORGE W. BLAISDELL, M.D., a 
V i* I leading physician and surgeon of 
Manchester, is a native of South 
Hampton, N.H. He was born March 14, 1856, 
son of John H. and Nancy (Gregg) Blaisdell. 
On the father's side he is of English stock, 
and of Scotch on the mother's side. Repre- 
sentatives of both families fought in the Rev- 
olution. Lieutenant Blaisdell, great-grand- 
father of the Doctor, was a daring officer ; and 
Captain Gregg, the Doctor's maternal grand- 
father, fought at Bennington with General 
Stark. John H. Blaisdell, now living in re- 
tirement and eighty years old, was formerly 
a shoe manufacturer of Haverhill, when he 
made the reputation of a man of energy and 
foresight. 

Taken to Haverhill when about two years 
old, George VV. Blaisdell was there reared to 
manhood. He attended the public schools 
and subsequently Dartmouth College from 
which institution he graduated in 1878. En- 
tering the medical school of Dartmouth Col- 
lege in the same year, he studied there for 
a time. Subsequently he went to Long 
Island College Hospital in ]?rooklyn, N. Y., 
and was graduated at that institution on June 
14, 1881. Coming to Manchester in October 
of that year, he located here for the practice of 
liis profession, He has proved himself a skil- 



ful physician, and has won a reputation that 
might be envied by any practitioner. He now 
enjoys an extensive and lucrative patronage 
and the confidence and esteem of the commu- 
nity. 

Dr. Blaisdell is a member of the Manches- 
ter Board of Health. He is also connected 
with Magnolia Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows; with Liberty Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Beverly; with Amity 
Chapter, R. A. M., of Beverly; with St. 
George Commandery, K. T. , of Beverly; with 
the American Order of United Workmen, of 
Manchester; and with the Order of the Pil- 
grim Fathers. Of the last two organizations 
he is the medical examiner. In politics he 
is a Republican. In 1883 he was married to 
Mary E. Lee, a Manchester lady, daughter of 
the late John L. and Sarah Lee. Mrs. Blais- 
dell is the mother of three daughters — Ruth 
J., Alice L. , and Dorothy. 




ILLIAM P. DODGE, a prominent 
resident of Wenhani, was born in 
this town on June 9, 1844, son of 
Abraham and Augusta (Edwards) Dodge, who 
were respectively natives of VVenham and 
Beverly, Mass. His grandfather, Jacob 
Dodge, was also born in Wenham, which has 
been the home of the family for several gener- 
ations. Abraham Dodge was a prominent 
man in his time, and served his native town 
as Selectman and in various other public 
offices. He was a Republican in politics. 
His death occurred on December 6, 18S7. 

William P. Dodge, who grew to manhood 
in this town, received his early education in 
the common schools. In later years he added 
to his stock of knowledge by careful observa- 
tion of men and affairs and by wide and varied 
reading. He early engaged in agricultural 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



35 



pursuits, and has since been a tiller of the 
soil. Also, for a number of years past, he 
has been interested in the manufacture of 
cider, and now annually turns out from his 
press many gallons of the beverage. 

Mr. Dodge married Hannah A., daughter 
of Zachariah Cole, late of Wenham, a biogra- 
phy of whom appears elsewhere in this vol- 
ume. Mr. and Mrs. Dodge have four children 
living — Nellie A., Hattie C, Alice B., and 
Lewis A. Dodge. In jjolitics Mr. Dodge is 
a Republican, is warmly interested in the 
affairs of the town, and has served for several 
years as Road Surveyor. He is a member 
of the Wenham Baptist Church, and takes an 
active interest in its work. 



r LIVINGSTONE GOODWIN, of the 
firm of Goodwin & Kendrick, furniture 
dealers in Merrimac, is a native of 
West Amesbury, Mass. Born September 20, 
1845, he is a son of Frederick W. R. and 
Betsey (Hoyt) Goodwin. His father, who 
was a well-known business man of Newton, 
reared a family of four children, namely: Mel- 
vina, now the wife of Charles F. Sargent, of 
Merrimac; Frederick Plummer Goodwin, who 
is in the shoe business in Lynn; Benjamin 
F., who is in business in Newton; and T. 
Livingstone Goodwin, the subject of this 
sketch. 

After attending the public schools of West 
Amesbury for the usual period, T. Living- 
stone Goodwin took a business course at 
Comer's Commercial College in Boston. 
Then he learned the carriage-trimmer's trade, 
which he afterward followed as a journeyman 
for a number of years. About four years ago 
he established the furniture business which 
is now carried on under the firm name of 
Goodwin & Kendrick. He has built up a 



large and profitable trade, handling paints 
as well as all kinds of household goods, 
and winning a jjosition of high standing in 
the community. Besides attending to his reg- 
ular business, he discharges the duties of Jus- 
tice of the Peace, making a specialty of set- 
tling estates. 

Mr. Goodwin married Alice L. Sargent, 
a daughter of Nicholas Sargent, of Merrimac, 
and is now the father of three sons. The 
latter are: Allen, who is in the employ of the 
Boston & Maine Railway; Henry, who grad- 
uated from the Haverhill High School in 
1897; and Arthur W., a pupil in the Whitter 
Home School. Mr. Goodwin is a member 
of the present Board of Selectmen. He is 
a Deacon of the Congregational church, a 
member of its Prudential Committee, and the 
president of the Merrimac Young Men's 
Christian Association. In the last-named 
capacity he is actively concerned in the moral 
and religious improvement of this town. 




RANK M. GREENWOOD, an enter- 
prising ice dealer of North Andover, 
was born in Bo.xford, Mass., September 
8, 1863, son of Samuel M. and Sarah (Garner) 
Greenwood. His parents, natives respec- 
tively of Lincolnshire and Norfolk, England, 
emigrated after their marriage. The father 
was twenty-three years old when he arrived 
in the United States. Settling in Boxford, 
he followed the shoemaker's trade in connec- 
tion with farming for some time. In 1864 he 
enlisted in Company M, Fourth Massachusetts 
Cavalry, with which he served until the close 
of the Civil War. From Boxford in 1869 he 
removed to North Andover, where he pur- 
chased the ice business carried on by Charles 
Barker, and resided here for the rest of his 
life. He died in 1893. Of his seven chil- 



36 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



dren, four are living, namely: Jennie, the 
wife of W. H. Griffin, of Manchester, N. H. ; 
Mary F., the wife of Quincy W. Perley, of 
Haverhill, Mass. ; George G. ; and Frank M. 
Frank M. Greenwood resided in Boxfoid 
until he was six years old. Then he came 
with his parents to North Andover, where his 
education was acquired in the common schools. 
Having assisted his father in the ice business 
for a time, he has had entire control of it 
since the death of the latter. It is said to be 
the largest of its kind in town. Mr. Green- 
wood is connected with Cochichewick Lodge, 
F. & A. M. ; with Wauwinett Lodge and 
Kearsarge Encampment, I. O. O. F. ; and with 
the Patrons of Husbandry. He is a Republi- 
can in politics and a Methodist Episcopalian 
in religion. liy his marriage on October 28, 
1S84, with Mabel E. Keniston, daughter of 
Henry Keniston, of North Andover, he is the 
father of three children — Harry K., Guy S. , 
and Sarah, all of whom live at home and 
attend school. 



LIHU W. COLCORU, a retired manu- 
facturer residing at the corner of 
Haverhill and I"'ranklin Streets, 
Lawrence, was born in Kingston, N.H., 
June 24, 1825, son of Daniel and Polly 
(Woodman) Colcord. Daniel Colcord, born 
in Kingston, June 13, 1781, was a mechanic, 
and constructed the first wooden plough used 
in his native town. His marriage with Polly 
Woodman took place June 2, 1812. She was 
born in Kingston, March 14, 1792, daughter 
of Samuel Woodman. Of their ten children 
two died in infancy, and W^arren died March 
II, 1S67. The rest, five sons and three 
daughters, grew to maturity and married. 
Mary died June 12, 1842. Daniel, who was a 
volunteer soldier in the Civil War, died Au- 



gust 10, 1897, when nearly fourscore years of 
age. The mother died March 28, 1831, and 
the father, April 18, 1S51. They and their 
deceased children rest in the Kingston ceme- 
tery, with the exception of Sarah and Warren, 
who were buried respectively in lola, Wis., 
and Lawrence. 

When his mother died, Elihu W. Colcord 
was but six years old. He received a com- 
mon-school education, supplemented by one 
term at Kingston Academy. Then he learned 
the shoemaker's trade of his elder brothers. 
In the fall of 1849 ^^ went with the gold- 
seekers to California, making a voyage of one 
hundred and fifty-nine days from Nevvburyport 
around Cape Horn to San Francisco. Dis- 
heartened by many months of sickness, which 
began before he reached his destination, he 
returned home penniless, after he had done 
some placer mining at Auburn. He next en- 
gaged in belt manufacturing at Manchester, 
and in 1853 came to Lawrence, which was 
then only a hamlet. Here, in company with 
a Mr. Eaton, firm of Eaton & Colcord, he 
started on a small scale to manufacture belt- 
ing in the Essex lumber yard. A year and a 
half later the firm was succeeded by Colcord & 
P^oster, which continued the business for two 
years. At the end of that time the partner- 
ship was dissolved, Mr. Colcord taking the 
business and removing to the corner of Broad- 
way and Essex Street. Five years later he 
went into the Onlway Block, where he had 
been two years, when he built on the opposite 
corner. Removing thither, he carried on the 
business in his own building from 1856 to 
1873, selling out after a very successful and 
prosperous career. For two years after that 
time he was in the belting trade in Boston, 
buying and selling. He also made early in- 
vestments in real estate that have yielded him 
handsome returns. He owned considerable 




ELIHU VV. COLCORD. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



39 



land adjoining his home, all of which he 
sold, with exception of the large corner lot 
with tenement block on same. 

In 1848 Mr. Colcord married Lucy A. 
Frost, who was born in North Andover, 
Mass., daughter of Samuel A. Frost. She 
had one sister, Sarah Messer, who died in 
1887, and has two brothers living: William 
P. Frost, in Lawrence: and George S. Frost, 
a resident of Spring Valley, Minn. Mr. Col- 
cord has been a lifelong Democrat. While 
a resident of Kingston, he was Captain of a 
company of militia, and held the office of 
Highway Surveyor. In Lawrence he has 
served one year as City Treasurer, and was 
Spiggot River Commissioner during the first 
year of that valuable improvement. He be- 
longs to the California Pioneers, which were 
organized November i, 1888, with three hun- 
dred members. In 1869 he erected his large 
and elegant house at 360 Haverhill Street, 
costing over thirty thousand dollars, into 
which he moved on New Year's Day, 1870. 
For the past twelve years he has spent his 
winters at Clarcona, Orange County, Fla., 
where he has a homestead and a large orange 
grove. 

'AMUFL KNIGHT, a well-known 
dealer in coal, wood, and building 
material in Manchester, was born 
here in 1840, sen of John and Harriet (Per- 
kins) Knight. The family has long been 
resident here, and has been a prominent one 
in the district. John Knight, son of John 
Knight, Sr., was a tanner and currier by 
trade. He was in business in Manchester for 
some forty years. At his death, on July 31, 
1 88 1, he was seventy years old. 

Samuel Knight, who was reared and edu- 
cated in Manchester, began to learn the trade 
of tanner and currier at Chelsea, Mass., when 




fifteen years of age. After working in that 
place for two years, he returned to Manches- 
ter, and took charge of his father's business, 
managing it until 1872. Since that year he 
has been engaged in his present business. A 
self-made man, the success he has met with 
was well earned by the untiring attention he 
gave to business and the strictly honorable 
methods he employed. 

Mr. Knight married Mary B. , daughter of 
Captain John Carter, a venerable resident of 
Manchester. Born of the union are three 
children: Frank P., Harriet P., and George 
L. Constantly interested in public affairs 
and desirous of aiding his native town when- 
ever possible, Mr. Knight has served in sun- 
dry public positions. He was Selectman at 
various times, and likewise Assessor and 
Overseer of the Poor. For a number of years 
he was Surveyor of Public Highways, and a 
member and the chairman of the Water Board 
from the time the water-works system was in- 
troduced in Manchester until 1895. He was 
prominent in advocating the introduction of 
this system, which has been of inestimable 
benefit to the town. In politics he is a Dem- 
ocrat, with independent proclivities. He is a 
member of Magnolia Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, of Manchester, having 
been the first to join that body after its organ- 
ization in this town. In the town he is recog- 
nized as one of its substantial business men, 
and is universally esteemed. 




RANK H. MESSER, a respected resi- 
dent of Andover, engaged in the under- 
taking business, was born in Stone- 
ham, Mass., February 9, 1855, son of David 
and Martha A. (Stone) Messer. Ebenezer 
Messer, the father of David and a native of 
Methuen, Mass., spent the greater part of his 



4° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



life in Landaff, N.H., where he followed 
farming. The family is an old one in 
Methuen, where members of it for generations 
were prominent citizens. David, born in 
Landaff, settled in Stoneham, Mass., and for 
forty-five years conducted an undertaking 
business. His wife, Martha A., a daughter 
of Aaron Stone, bore him nine children. 

Frank H. Messer attended school in Stone- 
ham, which was his home until he became a 
young man. He then went to Charlestown, 
and entered the undertaking establishment of 
J. L. Perry, with whom he remained five 
years. Afterward, returning to Stoneham, he 
was in business with his father until the 
latter's death in i8go. For the next three 
years he carried on the business alone. In 
1893, leaving the Stoneham branch in charge 
of his younger brother, he came to Andover, 
bought out C. S. Parker, and fitted up the 
place in first-class modern style. 

In 1892 Mr. Messer married Dora E. Howe, 
daughter of Frederick Howe, of Roxford, 
Mass. They have no children. Mr. Messer 
is a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
I'ellovvs, being a charter member of Andover 
Lodge, No. 230, in which he was the first 
Noble Grand, and of Kearsarge Encampment. 
He also belongs to the Masonic Blue Lodge 
of Stoneham, Mass. ; to the Reading Royal 
Arch Chapter; and to Hugh de Payens Com- 
mandery of K. T. in Melrose, Mass. 



T^HARLES C. DODGE, of the C. 
I Sr Dodge Furniture Company, Manches- 

^ir* ^ ter, was born in this town on March 
27, 1854. A son of Cyrus and Julia E. (Goes) 
Dodge, who were respectively natives of Man- 
chester and Kennebunkport, Me., he is de- 
scended from Richard Dodge, an Englishman, 
who came to the New World in 1638, and set- 



tled at Salem. Representatives of the Dodge 
family came to Manchester during the early 
days of the town's history, and have always 
been among the prominent men of this sec- 
tion. Moses Dodge, great - grandfather of 
Charles C. , was the pioneer manufacturer of 
furniture, as well as the first of the family 
here. Porn in Beverly, near the Wenham and 
Manchester line, he started manufacturing in 
Manchester soon after 1760. During the 
struggle for independence he was a loyal and 
aggressive patriot, and in 1775 was one of the 
minute-men. He expired suddenly in 1776, 
of heart failure. Moses's son John, the 
grandfather of Charles C. , and who lived to 
the great age of ninety-one years, was a skip- 
per during the greater part of his life. He 
was famed for his skill as a navigator, and was 
master of many vessels. While the most of 
his voyages were made in the coasting service 
or to the fisheries, he sailed on some foreign 
trips. His wife, familiarly known as " Mother 
Dodge," a woman of a strong character, was 
a leader in the Free Will Baptist church, in 
which she was distinguished for prayer and 
exhortation. 

Cyrus Dodge, the father of Charles C. , began 
life as a sailor boy. When only ten years of 
age he went to sea with his father; and when 
only thirteen he took his turn at the helm 
with the crew, serving in the night watches as 
well as at other times. Thus obliged to en- 
dure many hardships at an early age, there 
was developed in him a certain rugged tenac- 
ity that made him in later years the bold and 
fearless champion of whatever cause he es- 
poused. At the age of sixteen he determined 
to quit the sea, and began learning the cabi- 
net-maker's trade with John P. Allen. For 
this he showed much aptitude, and in a short 
time earned a reputation for unusual skill. 
Subsequently, in 1841, he engaged in cabinet- 




WILLIAM F. KKDLCJN. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



43 



making on his own account, and in time ac- 
quired a lousiness employing from tliirty to 
forty men, besides a name for turning out the 
finest work. During and previous to the Civil 
War he was a strong partisan of the anti- 
slavery party. In later years he was a Repub- 
lican. His death occurred in 1887. His 
wife, Julia, was a daughter of William Coes, 
who served in the United States Navy Depart- 
ment during tlic War of 1812. Their living 
children are: Charles C. and Cyrus M., both of 
whom constitute the C. Dodge Furniture Com- 
pany. 

Charles C. Dodge attended the Manchester 
jniblic schools, a school at Chelsea, Mass., 
and l^ryant & Stratton's Commercial College 
in ]?oston. Beginning at the age of si.xteen, 
he was employed for the following four years 
in various capacities in the railroad service. 
At the end of that time, owing to the illness 
of his father and to business considerations, he 
took charge of different kinds of wood-working 
machines, which subsequently led him to 
learn the business of furniture manufacturing. 
In 1878 he became partner in the company 
that bears his name. The mill now in use 
was erected in 1847, having been started on 
December 20 of that year, so that it has been 
in operation continuously for fifty years. This 
fact will be considered rather remarkable 
when it is remembered that insurance statistics 
show the average life of a wood-working mill 
to be about ten years. 

In politics Mr. Dodge is an Independent, 
voting for the best candidate rather than in 
accordance with partisan dictates. On various 
occasions he has been Moderator of town meet- 
ings, and he is now serving as Park Commis- 
sioner. For over a quarter of a century he 
has been a member of the fire department of 
Manchester, and has been its acting engineer 
for twelve years. He is a member of the | 



Congregational church at Manchester and of 
the Society of Pilgrim Fathers. 




ILLIAM F. REDLON, a promi- 
nent business man of Hamilton, 
was born November 8, 1861, in 
Bu.xton, Me., son of Isaac and Lydia (Cleaves) 
Redlon. His immigrant ancestor, Magnus 
Redlon, who came to this country from Scot- 
land, settled in York, Me., in 1717. Magnus 
subsequently removed to Biddeford, where he 
died in 1730. 

Ebenezer Redlon, son of Magnus, settled in 
Bu.xton, Me. On February 28, 1777, he en- 
listed in Captain Daniel Lowe's company of 
Colonel Ichabod Alden's regiment, and on 
May 5 of that year died in service from fatigue 
and exposure. It is a noteworthy fact that 
members of the Redlon family fought in every 
war of the country since. Ebenezer (second), 
son of the first Ebenezer, also fought in the 
Revolution, under Captain Jabez Lane in the 
Sixth Massachusetts Regiment. His son, 
Isaac Hancock Redlon, the grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, was a successful farmer 
of Buxton. Isaac Redlon, a blacksmith by 
trade, had charge of the repair shops of the 
Portland & Rochester Railroad Company at 
Portland for many years. Subsequently he 
carried on business for himself at Buxton 
Centre depot. He was a tall, well-informed 
man, and weighed about two hundred pounds. 
While the Civil War was progressing, he 
joined the Twenty-seventh Regiment of Maine 
Volunteers, and served as the blacksmith of 
the regiment. 

William F. Redlon attended the public 
schools of Buxton and subsequently the acad- 
emy at Gorham, Me. P'or a time after leav- 
ing school he was a clerk in a store at Bux- 
ton. Later he came to Boston, and for several 



44 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



years was travelling salesman for Nicholson & 
Frost, wholesale dealers in crockery and glass- 
ware. Tiring of continual travel, however, 
he resigned this position, and began to manu- 
facture timber bought in Ossipee, N. H., 
into lumber of all dimensions for the Boston 
market. In 1S93 he established himself in 
Hamilton, where he has now a very large 
plant devoted to supplying everything needed 
in the construction of a house from cellar to 
roof. 

On April 2, 1882, Mr. Redlon was united 
in marriage with Emma C. McCorrison, a 
daughter of Daniel and Harriet (Clay) Mc- 
Corrison. She has borne him two children: 
Isaacs., in 1883; and Grace M., in 1884. Mr. 
Redlon is a member of Star Lodge, No. 26, 
K. of P., at Centreville, N. H. ; and of Ham- 
ilton Lodge of Pilgrim Fathers and the 
A. O. A. M., both of Hamilton. He has 
been chosen by his fellow-citizens to serve on 
several important committees, notably on those 
having in charge the building of the South 
Hamilton School-house and the new town 
hall. Mr. and Mrs. Redlon attend the Peo- 
ple's Church. They have a fine residence on 
Willow Street. 




'AMUEL R. PRINCE, a well- 
known agriculturist of VVenham and 
a Deacon in the Baptist church, was 
bom in Salem, Mass., on April 25, 1833. 
His parents were Henry and Ruth H. (Ropes) 
Prince, both natives of Salem. The father, 
better known as Captain Prince, a seafar- 
ing man, was for many years engaged in the 
United States revenue service. During the 
latter part of his life he was a superintendent 
of ship-building at Newburyport, and it was 
in this town that he died. 

Samuel K. Prince lived in Salem during the 



first eight years of his life. When a child of 
four he lost his mother. Four years later he 
went to Cambridge to live with his uncle, 
Hardy Ropes. When fourteen years of age 
he left his uncle's home, and went to Con- 
cord to work on the farm for Captain Cyrus 
Hubbard, where he remained about six years. 
At the end of that time he came to Wenham, 
where he has since resided for most of the 
time. Upon reaching his majority, he en- 
gaged in the milk business, having a milk 
route in Salem, Mass. After a time he and 
his brother, Benjamin R., bought a farm in 
Hamilton for use in the milk business. Re- 
turning to Wenham subsequently, he followe<l 
the same occupations — general agriculture 
and milk producing. 

Mr. Prince married Martha A., daughter of 
Augustus Dodge, late of Wenham. Mrs. 
Prince became the mother of nine children; 
namely, Henry A., Frank R., Ruth II., 
Arthur D., Mary L., Annie L., Sarah C, 
Sydney K., and Fred A. For over thirty 
years Mr. Prince has been a devoted member 
of the Baptist church, ever ready to assist by 
giving personal effort and time for the further- 
ance of any good cause or to uphold the 
church by financial aid. For some years now 
he has filled the office of Deacon in the 
church. In politics he is a Republican. Pos- 
sessed of a generous measure of public spirit, 
every movement promoting the welfare of the 
town receives his sympathy. 



B 



R. JACOB F. SPALDING, a pop- 
ular physician of Salisbury, was 
born in Hillsboro, N. H., July 11, 
1842, son of Benjamin Spalding. His mother 
was a Barker, and one of her ancestors was in 
the Boston Tea Party. The latter, who was 
somewhat eccentric, left in the hands of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



45 



Uncle Joel ]5arkcr a trunk full of papers that 
were not to be opened for a hundred years. 
Great-grandfather Nehemiah Barker, who 
fought in the Revolution, belonged to the 
branch of the family that gave the country 
President Pierce. Grandfather Jacob was a 
blacksmith in Milford and a Deacon in the 
Presbyterian church. 

Benjamin Spalding was a farmer, and lived 
in Nashua, where he was a prominent and 
highly valued citizen. Although not physi- 
cally robust, he lived to the age of ninety- 
one. His two children are: W. F. Spalding 
and Dr. Jacob Spalding. W. F. Spalding re- 
sides in Cambridge, Mass., and is now one of 
the Aldermen of that city. For a number of 
years he has been connected both as editor 
and reporter with various papers, including 
the Globe and Coiiniicrcial Bulletin. Some 
time before the Civil War he married Fizzle 
Ivawson, of Nashua, and has one daughter, 
Gertrude, who lives at home. He was in the 
New Hampshire Heavy Artillery as Captain's 
clerk, later was clerk of a military court, and 
he is now a member of a Grand Army post. 

Jacob F. Spalding was educated in the 
Nashua High School. Upon leaving that in- 
stitution he obtained employment in the cabi- 
net shop of Fletcher & Webster, where he re- 
mained for some years. Later he entered the 
ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and preached at Antrim, N. H., for two years; 
at New Ipswich for three years; at London- 
derry for three years; at Salisbury, Mass., for 
three years; at Hampton, N.H., for three 
years; at Salisbury again for three years; and 
at Seabrook, N.H., for one year. Then he 
retired from the ministry. As a preacher and 
pastor he was very popular and successful, 
and churches always prospered under his 
charge. He was the only man in the New 
Hampshire Conference who was asked back at 



the close of a three years' term. While in the 
ministry, possessed of a predilection for medi- 
cal science, he was a constant associate of the 
physicians in his various charges, and had 
more or less medical practice. It was there- 
fore not strange that, when he resigned the 
pastorate of Seabrook, he became a physician. 
During the nine years he has been in Salis- 
bury he has won quite a reputation for skill, 
and built up a substantia] practice. 

A member of the O. U. A. M., Dr. Spald- 
ing has served in all the offices of that fra- 
ternity. He is also a member of Caleb Gush- 
ing Council, No. 8. The master of a concise 
and pleasing literary style, he has written 
numerous papers for publication on political 
and agricultural subjects. In politics he has 
always been a zealous Prohibitionist, and he 
has been a candidate for the State legislature 
and Congress on the ticket of that [larty. He 
was Moderator and Highway Surveyor in Hud- 
son, N. H. ; in Londonderry and Salisbury he 
was a member of the School Board; and in 
Salisbury now he is an agent of the l^oard of 
Health and a member of the committee in 
charge of the town library, established in 
the post-office buikling. This library was 
started when Dr. Spalding was preaching 
here; but, upon his going to New Hampshire, 
it fell into disuse. When the State offered 
help to the towns, Salisbury took advantage of 
the offer, and the old library wn<; donated as a 
part of the present public library. 

On April 7, 1864, Dr. Spalding married 
Miss Delia Annis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
John and Delia Annis, of Londonderry. The 
Doctor's children are: Ephraim, the eldest 
son, who has been for five years in Boston 
with R. L. Day & Co., bankers; Albert, who 
is in the Putnam Free School; Lizzie, who 
married Newell F. Frothingham, of Salisbury, 
the foreman with E. P. Dodge & Co., of New- 



46 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



buryport, and has three children; Hattie 
Louise, who is at home; Alice, who is a pupil 
in the State Normal Art School in Boston; 
and Charles, who is a student in the Putnam 
Free School at Newburyport. 




ARNHAM STILES, of Middleton, an 
inventor and manufacturer, was born 
November ig, 1814, son of David and 
Nancy (Farnham) Stiles. The first ancestor, 
Robert Stiles, with a son of the Rev. Ezekiel 
Rogers, came from England about the year 
1669, and settled in Dorchester, Mass. In 
October, 1660, he married Elizabeth Frye. 
Six years later he received a grant of lands in 
Rowley. His son, Ebenezer, settled in Mid- 
dleton about the year 1700, and in the follow- 
ing year married Dorothy Dalton. P^benezer 
was Selectman for several years, and was hon- 
ored with the prefix of "Mr." He died in 
1746, at the age of seventy-seven. His wife 
was ninety-three years old at her death. 
Ebenezer J. Stiles, son of I^benczer, married 
Sarah Plew in 1733, and died in 1787. Me 
was one of the founders of the Middle- 
ton church. His son, Ezekiel, born Octo- 
ber 5, 173s, married Miriam Richardson, of 
Marblehead, and died in 1788. Miriam 
Stiles died in 1S19, when seventy-three 
years of age. 

David Stiles, son of p'zekiel and the father 
of Farnham, married Miss Farnham in 1812 
at Andover. He was a Deacon in the church 
from 1831 until the time of his death in 1863, 
was Selectman and Overseer of the Poor, and 
held other offices of importance. Adhering to 
old-fashioned customs and ideas, he thought 
the present generation degenerate. His chil- 
dren were: David, P'arnham, Lydia Richard- 
son, Hir.im AJibott, PVanklin Osgood, Lyman 
Hridgman, Nancy Jimeline, and Warren. 



Franklin Osgood died of consumption at the 
age of thirty-two. Nancy limeline married 
G. H. Tufts. 

P'arnham Stiles began learning the shoe- 
maker's trade at the age of sixteen. After- 
ward he made shoes by hand for some years, 
carrying on his farm at the same time. Being 
of an inventive turn of mind, he devised a 
l^egging jack for use in his trade, and in a 
little shop built by him manufactured a great 
number of jacks, which he sold all over this 
section. He also made dies for cutting out 
heels and soles — work that had previously 
been done entirely by hand with a knife — and 
dies for stamping the name of the maker upon 
the sole. Next he got out a corrugated heel 
burnisher, which he sought to patent. The 
patent applied for was never awarded; and 
soon these articles were manufactured all over 
the world, especially the burnisher. Other 
valuable inventions have been produced by 
Mr. Stiles, one being a calipers used in meas- 
uring lumber. He is a fine workman although 
he never learned the machinist's trade. He 
has been [jroniinent in town affairs; and, 
while somewhat of an Independent, he gen- 
erally votes the Republican ticket. 

On April 27, 1837, he married Elizabeth 
Parker Russell, a daughter of Joseph Russell, 
of Middleton. At the celebration of their 
golden wedding, held on April 27, 1887, when 
over one hundred friends were [)resent, Mr. 
and Mrs. Stiles received many valuable gifts, 
including one hundred dollars in gold. After 
fifty-four years of married happiness Mrs. 
Stiles died in i8gi. Of their five children, 
the first three died in infancy. The others 
were: Warren, who died in his fifth year; and 
Mary, the only girl, who grew u[), married 
Milton Jenkins Emerson, and died in middle 
life, leaving no children. A second marriage 
united Mr. Stiles with Lucinda P'loyd, who 




FRANCIS J. STEVENS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



49 



died two years after. He has been a firm be- 
liever in Spiritualism for the past forty-eight 
years, and has received much comfort from 
his unwavering faith in the manifestations of 
departed friends. 



rmo 



EORGE F. ALLEN, a leading dry- 
Vp I goods merchant of Manchester, was 
born in this town September lo, 
1826, son of Nathan and Lucy S. Allen, both 
parents being natives of Manchester. The 
Allen family is of English origin. William 
Allen, from whom George F. is seventh in 
descent on his father's side and eighth on 
his mother's side, came from England in 
163c, and settled in a part of Salem now in- 
cluded in the town of Manchester, then called 
Jeffrey's Creek. Mr. Allen's great-grand- 
father, Jacob Allen, was a Revolutionary sol- 
dier, and fought at Bunker Hill. Nathan 
Allen was a carpenter by trade, and lived and 
died in Manchester. 

George F. Allen grew to manhood in this 
town, receiving his education in the public 
schools and in a private academy then existing 
here. In 1849 he was appointed Postmaster 
of Manchester, and held the position for four 
years, under Presidents Taylor and Fillmore. 
In 1850 he engaged in business in a small 
way. Prospering as the town's population 
increased, he has now one of the leading dry- 
goods establishments in the place. However, 
from 1859 to 1868, he was obliged to give up 
business on account of his health. During a 
part of that interval he was connected with the 
official business of the town, serving for six 
years as Town Clerk. For five years, also, he 
was Selectman, Assessor, and Overseer of the 
Poor; and for much of that time he was the 
chairman of the Board of Selectmen. He is 
now one of the oldest merchants in Manches- 



ter and the oldest in his line of business. A 
member of the Congregational church, he 
served as its clerk and treasurer for thirty 
years. 

Mr. Allen married Arabella McCollom, a 
native of Mount Vernon, N. H. He is at 
present serving on the Board of Water Com- 
missioners, and he has served for five years on 
the School Board. Originally a Whig in pol- 
itics, he is now a stanch member of the Re- 
publican party, and has been a member of the 
Republican Town Committee. He has always 
taken an active part in town affairs, and is 
recognized as a man whose judgment is to be 
respected, and whose oiiinions are carefully to 
be sought. 




RANCIS J. STEVENS, M.D., a re- 
tired physician of Boxford and an ex- 
member of the Massachusetts legislat- 
ure, was born in Gilford, N. H., June 20, 
1824, son of John S. and Lucy (Jcwett) 
Stevens. The great-grandfather, Colonel 
Ebenezer Stevens, a native of Kingston, N. H., 
according to tradition, owned large tracts of 
land in Franklin and Salisbury, and is said to 
have given to the father of Daniel Webster 
the farm upon which that famous statesman 
was born. He was too old to engage in mili- 
tary service at the breaking out of the Revolu- 
tionary War. Born of his second marriage 
were four sons. 

John Stevens, son of Colonel Stevens, was 
born and reared in Kingston, and resided upon 
the family homestead until iSio. Then he 
purchased a good farm in Gilford, and there- 
after made it his home until his death, which 
occurred in the prime of manhood. His first 
marriage was contracted with Ruhamah Fi- 
field, Dr. Stevens's grandmother. The 
maiden name of his second wife was Mary 



5° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Secombe. John S. Stevens, son of John, was 
a native of Kingston. After his marriage he 
settled upon a farm of his own in Gilford, 
where he resided for many years. He lived 
to be eighty years old, spending his last days 
in Laconia, N. H. Lucy Jewett Stevens, his 
wife, a descendant of one of the first settlers 
of Rowley, Mas.s. , reared four children — 
Francis J., Laura R., Ruth J., and John II. 
Ruth J. has been twice married, and is now 
a widow without children. John H., who is 
a dentist in Sandwich, Mass., married Maria 
Towle, and has one daughter, Martha. 

After obtaining his early education in the 
academies of Gilford and Pembroke, Francis 
J. Stevens engaged in teaching. Later in 
Schenectady, N.Y., he was for a time em- 
ployed in a book-store. While here he began 
the study of medicine. Having graduated 
from the Albany Medical College in 185 1, he 
entered practice in Hampstead, N.H., where 
he remained four years. After this he re- 
sided in Haverhill, Mass., for twenty-two 
years, practising dentistry for the most of the 
time and for a part of it editing the Haver- 
hill Gazette. During the last two years and 
a half of his father's life the Doctor resided 
with him in Laconia. After his father's death, 
he came to Bo.xford, the home of his wife's 
parents, where, relinquishing his practice 
soon after, he has since given his attention to 
agricultural jnirsuits. 

Dr. Stevens's first marriage was contracted 
with Susan \\. Morrill. His present wife, 
formerly Miss L. Helen Gould, inherited a 
farm in this town. The Doctor has no 
children. While residing in Haverhill, he 
served the town upon the School Committee 
and in the capacity of Coroner; and he repre- 
sented it in the State legislature for two 
terms. For the past si.xteen years he has 
been a member of the School Board in 15o.\- 



ford. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
Zachary Taylor in 1848, has supported the 
Republican party actively since its formation, 
and is now a member of the Republican Town 
Committee. I'"or fifty-two years he has 
been a n)ember of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. In 1864 he was elevated to 
the thirty-second degree in Masonry. He 
has been a Mason for forty-three years and 
a charter member of Pentucket Chapter, 
R. A. M., for about forty years. The oldest 
living member of Merrimac Masonic Lodge, 
he has been Master of the lodge and council ; 
and he was the recording officer for eight 
years. He is also a charter member of Haver- 
hill Council, R. & S. Masters, and of Haver- 
hill Conuuandery, K. T.,; and he has affilia- 
tion with Merrimac Valley Lodge of Perfec- 
tion. His religious creed is the Congrega- 
tional ; and he is a member of the North 
Church, Haverhill, having been one of the 
eighty-four persons who organized it in 1859. 




ILLIAM HOLKER, a well-known 
merchant of Newburyport and a 
native of Hindley, Lancashire, 
lingland, was hnrn in December, 1S45. He 
came to America in 184S, with his father, 
John Holker. The latter, who was a mill 
operative, and had been working for his living 
since he was seven years old, on coming to 
Newburyport entered the Bartlett Mills, and 
was one of the last workmen who used the old 
hand method of mule-spinning. His wife, 
Catherine Pell Holker, of Lnglish birth, 
was the mother of seven children, of whom 
William is the fifth. 

William Holker went to woik for the Part- 
left Mills Manufacturing Company with his 
father when ten years of age, continuing until 
1862. Then he entered the shop of Daniel 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



SI 



Young, of Newburyport, remaining there for 
three years, and learning the tinsmith's trade. 
For the next seven years he worked at this 
trade in the employ, successively, of Horace 
N. Jackman, Wallace D. Wells, and John 
Sumner. In 1872, forming a partnership with 
his brother, John Holker, he went into the 
tinsmith's business on his own account, under 
the firm name of William Holker & Co. The 
business started in an unpretentious way at 
the north end of the brick block on Water 
Street, known as the Ross Block. In 1874 
they removed to Market Square, where by 
tact and honest dealing they built up one of 
the leading business enterprises in the city, 
and a reputation that places them beyond the 
reach of competition. In 18S7 the firm pur- 
chased the Knight Block. Two years later 
their increasing business compelled them to 
buy another buikling, which makes their jilace 
the largest and best of its kind in Newbury- 
port. John Holker retired from the firm in 
December, 1893, since which time William 
has carried on the business as sole proprietor. 
In March, 1898, he purchased the large hard- 
ware stock of J. C. Stanley ; and in connec- 
tiiin with his stove business he has the largest 
store in Essex County. 

In politics Mr. Holker is a Republican, 
and has been a member of the Republican City 
Committee. He has been Councilman for six 
years and on the Board of Engineers of the 
Newburyport Fire Department for four years. 

A Warden of the New England Order of 
Protection for some time, he is the only man 
in town who belongs to the Supreme Lodge. 
He was an active member of the American 
Order of United Workmen and the first 
Deputy of the Good Fellows, but now he has 
no connection with either organization. Tak- 
ing an active interest in the Veteran Fire- 
men's Association, he has been a member 



since its organization. He is also Past Com- 
mander of the Newburyport Veteran Artillery 
Association, and has been on the Standing 
Committee since 1887. He was Lieutenant of 
Company A, Eighth Regiment, on its visit to 
the Centennial Exposition in 1876, being 
elected in that year to serve for two years. 
On the 25th of November, 1868, he was mar- 
ried to Alcina M. Bartlett, of West Newbury, 
Mass., who has been the mother of four chil- 
dren. Of the latter, two daughters are now 
living — Harriett Ellen and Catherine May 
Holker. 




MOS F. BENNETT, a well-known ice 
dealer of Manchester and a former 
Selectman of the town, was born 
November 24, 1824, in China, Me., son of 
P'rancis and Mary (McDonald) Bennett. The 
Bennett family is of English origin. P'rancis 
Bennett, who had started in the business of 
carriage-making and general painting, died 
in 1846. He had a number of brothers, one 
of whom was a clergyman in Portland, Me. ; 
and another was a ship-carpenter in Bucksport, 
Me., where he was engaged in the building of 
river boats. A third brother was Captain 
Stephen Bennett, who, while in command of 
the privateer "Dash" during the War of 
1 812, was taken prisoner by the British, and 
kept confined on one of the West Indian 
Islands until his death. 

When about ten years old Amos F. Bennett 
went with his i)arents to Lowell, Mass., where 
he attended school for a time. After his mar- 
riage he resided for several years in both 
Lowell and Salem successively. Returning 
from Salem to Lowell, he once more became 
a resident of that town, remaining until 1858. 
Then he came to Manchester, which has since 
been his place of residence. At Lowell and 
Salem he was engaged chiefly in the manu- 



S2 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



factiire of cigars, and he dealt in tobacco. 
Since coining to Manchester he has been in 
the ice business. Having begun in a small 
way, he now runs seven delivery wagons 
during the busy season. 

In 1845 Mr. Bennett was married at Lowell 
to Amey Littlefield, who was born in Con- 
way, N. H., daughter of Stephen and Nancy 
(Palmer) Littlefield. The parents were na- 
tives respectively of Wells, Me., and Lou- 
don, N. H. Mr. Littlefield was a soldier in 
the War of 18 12. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett have 
had seven children, of whom Ellen M., 
Charles H., Frederick A., Addie J., and Mary 
E. are living. Addie J. is the wife of George 
Whitman. Nellie M. Leonard, who is a pop- 
ular school-teacher of Manchester, is a grand- 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Bennett, and resides 
with them. 

Since 1845 Mr. liennett and his wife have 
been members of the Baptist church. While 
a Republican in ]3olitics, he favors prohibi- 
tion. He has served the town as Road Sur- 
veyor, was for three years in the si.xties Se- 
lectman, Assessor, and Overseer of the Poor, 
and he was a member of the building commit- 
tee that had charge of the erection of the Man- 
chester High School building. 



rp)T(JN. J. FRANKLIN DYER, M.D., 
1-^4 was a successful physician of Glouces- 
L® \^^__^ ter, a member of the city's first 
P)oard of Aldermen, and subsequently its 
Mayor. Born in Eastport, Me., April 15, 
1826, he was a son of Charles and Hannah 
(Snow) Dyer. His father was a native of 
Westbrook, Me. The other children of his 
parents were: Elizabeth, born December 19, 
1 819, who died December 14, 1822; Charles 
Henry, born August 20, 1821 ; William 
Snow, born December 21, 1823, who died 



August 14, 18S2; George Burton, born March 
29. 1835; and Adelaide, born April 15, 1839. 

J. Franklin Dyer graduated at Bowdoin 
Medical College with the class of 1849. His 
knowledge of medicine there acquired was 
supplemented by study under the eminent 
surgeon and physician. Dr. Trafton, of South 
Berwick, Me. He began practice in Boston, 
where he remained two years. In 185 1 he 
located in Annisquam, which was the field of 
his subsequent career with the exception of 
the time he spent in the army and in Glouces- 
ter proper. He went to the front in August, 
1 861, as surgeon of the Nineteenth Massachu- 
setts, and served until August, 1864. For 
a portion of the time he was surgeon-in-chief 
of his division, and was also acting medical 
director of the Second Army Corps. While 
in the army he contracted the disease that was 
the immediate cause of his death. Upon his 
return to civil life he located in the city of 
Gloucester. Later he removed to Annisquam. 
At one period he learned the trade of printer, 
and with a partner published the Easti)ort 
Sentinel for a time. On September 7, 1S54, 
he was married to Maria Davis, who was born 
in Hancock, N. H. Their only child, Edward 
J., born in 1869, lives with his mother. The 
Doctor died at his home in Annisquam on 
February 9, 1879. 

As a public official Dr. Dyer has left an 
honorable record. He was connected with the 
city government from its organization to the 
year of his death. When the government was 
formed, he was elected Alderman from Ward 
Six, served in that capacity for four years, and 
was then elected Mayor. He was a member 
of the State legislature in 1869. He served 
on the Gloucester School Committee for seven 
years. He was appointed Coroner in 1871 ; 
and, when that office was abolished, he was 
made Medical Examiner. For a number of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



S3 



years he was a member of the Board of Health, 
and served as Town I'hysician. He was the 
president of the Annisquam Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company. Fraternally, he belonged 
to the Loyal Legion and to Colonel Allen 
Post, G. A. R. 




ILLIAM F. TROVVT, Town Treas- 
urer of Wenham and a member of 
the firm A. D. & W. F. Trowt, 
was born here, March 26, 1844, son of Asa 
VV. and Adeline F. (Dodge) Trowt. The 
family is of English origin. The father, a 
native of Beverly, was a farmer by occupation. 
The mother was born in Wenham. Their 
other son, Andrew D., besides being a mem- 
ber of the firm just mentioned, is the Postmas- 
ter of Wenham. 

William F. Trowt attended the common 
schools of his native town and also Dumnier 
y\cademy at Byfield, Mass. When about 
eighteen years of age he shipped in a mer- 
chantman, the ship " Samuel Appleton, " and 
made a voyage to New Zealand. Reaching 
his destination, he left the ship and remained 
in New Zealand for five years, which were 
spent in the gold mines. After an absence 
of over si.x years he returned to Wenham, and 
was there engaged in farming for several 
years. In 1880 he went into business with 
his brother. Messrs. Trowt keep a general 
merchandise store, and have a large and con- 
stantly increasing patronage. 

By his marriage with Carrie, daughter of 
Simeon Dodge, of Marblehead, Mr. Trowt is 
the father of two children — Annie D. and 
William A. In politics he is a Republican ; 
and he has served for several years as Select- 
man of Wenham, having been the chairman of 
the board for two years. Also for a number 
of years he has been Town Treasurer. He is 



interested to some extent in insurance, and 
represents the Merrimac Mutual P'ire Insur- 
ance Company, the Holyoke Insurance Com- 
pany of Salem, and the Trader's and Me- 
chanic's Mutual of Lowell. Fraternally, he is 
a member of the American Mechanics' Organ- 
ization at Beverly. Naturally loyal to his 
town, he favors every measure designed to' 
promote its interests. 



^ENJAMIN S. BULLOCK, the well- 
known baker of Manchester and an 
ex-Representative of the Twelfth 
District to the General Court, was born here, 
May 12, 1850. His grandfather, Isaac Bul- 
lock, an Englishman by birth, after coming 
to America, settled in Salem, of which he was 
a resident during the War of 1S12. The 
father had resided for many years in Salem, 
his native town, when he came to Manchester 
in 1849 to engage in the bakery business. 
By earnest and intelligent effort throughout 
a quarter of a century he founded and built up 
the business that is still prospering under his 
son's management. He is still a resident of 
Manchester. His wife, Lydia Plummer Bul- 
lock, was born in Gorham, Me. 

When only eleven years of age Benjamin 
S. Bullock left school, and began to work reg- 
ularly in his father's shop. In time he 
learned the business in all its details. Hav- 
ing continued in his father's employ until he 
was twenty-seven years of age, he and his 
brother, Arthur M. Bullock, assumed the man- 
agement of the bakery under the firm name of 
Bullock Brothers. This partnership lasted 
two years. Since then Mr. Bullock has been 
the sole proprietor of the business. 

Mr. Bullock married Amanda L. Wilming- 
ton, of Manchester. His children are : Frank 
P. and Benjamin L. , who now comprise the 



54 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



grocery firm of Bullock Brothers, of Manches- 
ter. He has been Selectman of the town, 
Assessor, Overseer of the Poor, and a member 
of the Board of Health for periods of five years 
each. For many years he has been an active 
member of the Republican Tt)\vn Committee, 
serving at various times as its chairman. In 
the session of 1895 he represented the town in 
the State legislature. Any movement in 
town which ajipears to be for the greatest good 
of the greatest number finds in him a warm 
advocate and an influential supporter. He is 
a member of the Odd P'ellows Lodge at Man- 
chester and of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. Well known as a man of sterling 
character, he has the full confidence of his 
fellow- townsmen. 



bTRANK C. RICHARDSON, Collector 
Plj, of Customs for the Port of Gloucester, 
and a prominent attorney, was born in 
Esse.x, December 7, 1853, only son of Jona- 
than M. and Minerva (Knowlton) Richardson. 
He is of the seventh generation descended 
from Captain William Knowlton, who, with 
his wife, Ann Elizabeth, emigrated to Amer- 
ica. Captain Knowlton followed the trade of 
bricklayer in Ipswich, and was the treasurer 
of the church in Ipswich in 1641. He owned 
one share in Plum Island; and after his death, 
which occurred in 1655, his estate was valued 
at thirty-seven pounds, two shillings, and one 
penny. William's son, Samuel, with his 
wife, Elizabeth, and son, Benjamin, also lived 
in Ipswich. Benjamin's son, Benjamin (sec- 
ond), who married Abigail Dodge and died 
April 3, 1 78 1, was a farmer, and lived at 
different times on the "Ayres Farm," in 
Hamilton, Salem, and Ipswich. On the 
Richardson side the family came here from 
England as early as 1630. Stephen Richard- 



son settled in Middleton; and in that town was 
born Abijah, the next in line and the grand- 
father of Frank C. Richardson. Abijah mar- 
ried Naomi Richardson, and came to Danvers, 
where he engaged in farming. 

Jonathan M. Richardson, above named, is 
still living in Essex, hale and hearty at the 
age of seventy-eight, and able every day to be 
at his store and oversee his business. For 
more than fifty years he has carried on a gen- 
eral store, and he is one of the most respected 
men in the town. When a young man he 
taught school for some time in Gloucester, 
Essex, and Marlboro, and then began business 
in Gloucester and afterward in Essex. He 
was educated at Danvers and at Phillips 
Academy of Andover. He is a strong Uni- 
versal ist, and has served as a member of the 
Parish Committee. He has also been a mem- 
ber of the School Board. His wife, Minerva, 
was a daughter of Moses and Abigail (Lufkin) 
Knowlton and a grand-daughter of Moses and 
Mrs. (Cummings) Knowlton, who came to 
these parts from New Gloucester, Me. Her 
father, a farmer of Essex, owning a farm near 
Choate's Island, was one of the pioneers of 
the Universalist church, and contributed gen- 
erously toward the building of the church 
edifice. His son, Moses, is now living in 
Essex in excellent health, at the age of 
eighty -seven. Minerva Knowlton's maternal 
grandparents were William and Patience 
(Choate) Lufkin, the latter a relative of Rufus 
Choate. 

After acquiring his early education in the 
town schools and at Dean Acatlemy in I'rank- 
lin, Frank C. Richardson began the study of 
law with Judge Charles P. Thompson, of 
Gloucester. Admitted to the bar in due 
course, he practised with the Judge from 1879 
to 1885. In 1883 he was admitted to the 
Essex bar. Subsequent to 1885 he worked at 




JOSEPH s. HcnvK. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



57 



his profession without a partner in Saleni, 
conducting in that period a number of impor- 
tant cases for the town of Essex, one of which 
related to the town boundary. 

Mr. Richardson has always been a Demo- 
crat. He has been a candidate for State Sen- 
ator and Representative. He was a member 
of the Board of Selectmen and of the School 
Board until he resigned from both. In 1895 
he was appointed to the office he is now filling 
so ably. He is a member of Ocean Lodge, 
I. O. O. F.; and of the Knights of Pythias at 
Essex. Mrs. Richardson before her marriage 
was Myra E. Davis, of Essex, in which town 
she and Mr. Richardson now reside. 




•RED STEVENS SMITH, M.D., a 
popular young physician of North An- 
dover, was born in this town, May 6, 
1870, son of George I. and Laura (Stevens) 
Smith. His grandfather, David C. Smith, 
was a native of New Hampshire and by trade 
a shoemaker. In early life he was active 
in public affairs, and was a member of the 
Board of Selectmen. His last days were 
spent in Georgetown, Mass. 

George I. Smith, Fred S. Smith's father, 
was born in Georgetown, but the greater part 
of his life has been spent in North Andover. 
He was a machinist for many years, was ac- 
tively concerned in the local government, and 
served as Chief of Police. By his wife, Laura 
Stevens Smith, who is a daughter of Isaac 
Stevens, of this town, he has had one son, 
Fred S., the subject of this sketch. 

Fred Stevens Smith acquired his early edu- 
cation in the public schools, and later attended 
Phillips Academy, at which he was graduated 
in 1 89 1. Having decided to adopt the pro- 
fession of medicine, he matriculated at Har- 
vard University Medical School the same 



year, and after taking a four years' course 
was graduated in 1895. He immediately en- 
tered into practice, locating in North An- 
dover in January, 1S96; and his careful, 
earnest work is rapidly gaining for him a 
lucrative practice. Dr. Smith attends the 
Congregational church. 



(JOSEPH SIDNEY HOWE, a civil en- 
gineer by profession and the Town 
Treasurer and Town Clerk of Methuen 
for the past twenty-one years, was born here 
on October 15, 1832. A son of Joseph 
Howe, he is a descendant of James Howe, who 
came from Hatfield, England, to Massachu- 
setts in 1637, locating in Ipswich, Essex 
County. This ancestor's son was the James 
Howe whose wife, Elizabeth Jackson 
Howe, was hung for witchcraft on July 19, 
1692. According to W. S. Nevins, she was 
a woman of most exemplary character, devout, 
pious, kind, and charitable, virtues that 
availed her nothing at her trial. When Judge 
Hathorne asked her, "What say you to this 
charge?" the good woman replied, "If it was 
the last moment I was to live, God knows I 
am innocent of anything in this nature." 
James Howe (third), a grandson of James 
Howe (second), had a son, Joseph (first), born 
March 18, 1736, who married Hannah Carle- 
ton, and settled in Methuen, Mass. Joseph 
Howe (second), son of Joseph and Hannah 
Howe, was born in Methuen on Sunday morn- 
ing, August 10, 1760. He married Lydia 
Eaton, of Haverhill, Mass., and with her 
reared six children. These were: Jemima M., 
who married John Tyler; Christopher, who 
was a farmer in Methuen, and died at an ad- 
vanced age, leaving two sons and three daugh- 
ters; Frederick, who was a blacksmith in 
Danvers, Mass., and died at the age of four- 



S8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



score yc;irs, leaving three sons and one daugh- 
ter; Phineas, who was engaged in a mercan- 
tile business in Concord, Mass., and died in 
middle life; Joseph, who was the father of Jo- 
seph S. ; and Mary, who married Jesse Smith. 
Joseph Howe (third), having adopted the oc- 
cupation in which he was reared, was num- 
bered among the most prosperous agricultu- 
rists of Methuen. He was quite active in local 
affairs, and served many terms in important 
town offices. His first marriage was made 
with Caroline Hamlet, of Pelham, N. H., who 
bore him three children — Joseph Sidney, 
Milton G. , and Henry Martin. Henry died 
in childhood. After the mother's death in 
1837, the father contracted three other mar- 
riages, by which there were no children. A 
native of Methuen, born August 16, 1800, he 
died on February 20, 1895. 

Joseph Sidney Howe received his prelimi- 
nary education at Dummer Academy in By- 
field. Subsequently he pursued a classical 
course at Phillips Academy in Andover and a 
scientific course at Dartmouth College, class 
of 1855. Remaining with his father, he 
worked at farming and civil engineering until 
1872. Then he purchased the original Howe 
homestead, which is said to have come down 
from a grant given by King George, and is 
now owned by Joel Foster, one of the affluent 
and influential agriculturists of Methuen. In 
1883 he built his present residence at 8 
Stevens Street, where he has a most attractive 
home. In politics he is a sound money Dem- 
ocrat, and he has been prominent in town 
affairs for many years. Since 1877, when the 
former Town Treasurer absconded, he has had 
charge of the town funds; and he has also 
been a Selectman, the Town Clerk, and the 
Collector of Taxes for the same length of 
time. He was State Senator in 1870, serving 
as a member of the Agricultural Committee; 



and in 1872 he was a member of the House of 
Representatives, when he was assigned to the 
same committee. A Royal Arch Mason, he 
was Master of the John Hancock Lodge and 
for three years the District Deputy. 

On April 4, 1859, Mr. Howe married Mary 
A. Tenney, who was born in Methuen. A 
daughter of John and Mary (Bartlett) Tenney, 
she is a descendant of the well-known Bart- 
lett family of Haverhill, Mass. Mr. and 
Mrs. Howe have had two children, one of 
whom, Caroline, lived but two years. The 
other child, Elizabeth J., graduated from the 
Methuen schools and Wheaton Seminary, and 
is now a successful teacher in the public 
schools of her native town. Both parents are 
Congregationalists in religious belief. 



—♦-••-•->— 



!^AILEY SARGENT, an enterprising 
^^\ insurance agent of Merrimac and a 
veteran of the Civil War, was born 
in this town when it was a part of Amesbury, 
on August 6, 1834. He is a son of Jonathan 
Bailey Sargent, a prominent business man of 
Amesbury, who manufactured carriages, axles, 
and springs extensively for many years. 
After completing his education at the Read- 
ing Academy, Bailey Sargent was employed 
in his father's factory until 1861. Then he 
was appointed Postmaster by President Lin- 
coln. He had served in that capacity for 
about two years, when, resigning in favor of 
his sister, Jane Sargent, he enlisted in the 
Second Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, re- 
ceiving from Governor Andrew the commis- 
sion of Second Lieutenant and later that of 
l-"irst Lieutenant. Assigned to detached 
duty, he was acting Quartermaster at Plym- 
outh. Since he was mustered out with the 
regiment at the close of the war in 1865, he 
has been chiefly engaged in conducting an in- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



59 



surance agency. He has built up a prosper- 
ous business in this locality, and represents 
several leading fire and life insurance com- 
panies. He is a director of the West New- 
bury Mutual Fire Insurance Company, and 
he has been the secretary and treasurer of the 
Merrimac Co-operative Bank since its organ- 
ization. 

Mr. Sargent was a Selectman of Aniesbury 
in 1869 and 1870 and the Town Treasurer 
and Collector in 1875. In 1876, when Merri- 
mac was set off and incorporated, he was 
elected its Town Clerk, Town Treasurer, and 
Collector. He has filled the former office 
with marked ability up to the present time. 
He married Lydia M. Gunnison, daughter of 
William Gunnison, a prominent carriage man- 
ufacturer of Merrimac, and has two children 
• — Porter and Gertrude. Gertrude is the wife 
of Frank Winn, of this town; and Porter 
Sargent, who was for many years book-keeper 
for J. S. Poyen & Co., of Amesbury, is at 
present the secretary and treasurer of Ames- 
bury Co-operative Bank, and a Selectman, 
Assessor, and Overseer of the Poor. Mr. 
Sargent, Sr. , is an active member of the Sec- 
ond Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment 
Association. He has been twice elected 
Commander of C. R. Mudge Post, No. 114, 
G. A. R., which he assisted in organizing, 
antl attended as a delegate the National En- 
campment at St. Paul, and was also present 
at those of Washington and Louisville. 




(HARLES W. COOKE, of Newbury- 
port, a retired contractor, was born 
here, February 2, 1831, son of 
Charles Cooke. He comes of Prussian de- 
scent through his mother's family. His 
father, who was born in Boston, died there 
wliile his son was still an infant. The 



mother, a daughter of Hannah Cooke, died 
shortly after the decease of her husband. 
Thrown upon his own resources thus early in 
life, Charles W. commenced to earn his own 
living at the age of seven by making candles. 
When thirteen years old he began to learn 
carpentry under the instruction of Mr. Jere 
Shaw at South Boston. 

After finishing his apprenticeship with 
William T. Houston, being then seventeen 
years old, Mr. Cooke went by sea to Califor- 
nia, where he arrived without a cent in his 
pocket. On the voyage he made the acquaint- 
ance of a man who offered to help him. A 
hotel runner, whom he met on the wharf, gave 
him something to do, and allowed him to stay 
at his hotel until his fortunes improved. At 
first he worked in the mines. Soon after, in 
company with two others, he decided to go on 
the stage, and started for Salt Lake City. 
He reached Virginia City, Nev. , about a 
month after silver had been struck in the 
mines. Stopping here, he built houses, and 
erected the Harvard Theatre, the first play- 
house in the town. He acted .for some time 
in Piller's Opera House, appearing with 
James Stark, Harry Brown, McCul lough, and 
Lawrence Barrett, until the wheel of fortune 
turned again for him, and he became the 
Chief of Police of Virginia City, the first one 
elected by the people. Afterward for a long 
period broken only by a short and unprofit- 
able stay in Meadow Lake, Cal., he was em- 
ployed by Charles Bonner, the superintendent 
of Savage Mine. The company then sent Mr. 
Cooke to the White Pine district to put up 
mills. After an absence of eighteen years to 
a day, he returned to Boston, November 7, 
1869. In 1 87 1 he came to Newburyport, and 
worked in the Victoria Mills, setting up the 
machinery, after which he went into business 
with N. W. Hurd, a carpenter. His next 



6o 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



change was to become a contractor in business 
for himself. Five or six years ago, at the 
urgent request of Captain Charles Lunt, he 
undertook the general management of that 
gentleman's estate. Since June, 1896, he has 
devoted his attention to his own interests in 
real estate. 

Mr. Cooke is unmarried, lie is a Demo- 
crat and a full-blooded American. He was 
made a Mason in Virginia City, Nev. ; was 
first Junior Warden in DeWitt Clinton's Com- 
mandery, K. T., in Virginia City, holding 
this office four years; and joined Howard 
Lodge, R. A. M., at Carson City; was 
K. T. and a member of the Council at Placer- 
ville, Cal. He is at present a member of 
Newburyport Commandery. Mr. Cooke's 
varied life and travels have given him a wide 
experience and an interesting personality. 




'RANKLIN K. hooper, the chair- 
man of the Republican Town Commit- 
tee of Manchester and a member of the 
firm C. H. Sheldon & Co., provision dealers, 
was born here, February 2, 1849, son of Cap- 
tain William and Sallie (Colby) Hooper. The 
Hoopers have been residents here for several 
generations. Captain Hooper, who was a sea- 
faring man, was born and died here. His 
wife's father. Colonel Colby, now deceased, 
was a prominent man of the town. 

Franklin K. Hooper passed his boyhood in 
Manchester until his eleventh year. Then he 
went to Hopkinton, N.H., to live with 
Stephen Kelly. After about four years spent 
there he returned to Manchester, which has 
since been his place of residence. His early 
education was obtained in the public schools 
of Manchester. When eighteen years old 
he began learning the cabinet-maker's trade, 
which he afterward followed for about twelve 



years. At the end of tliat time, in company 
with Mr. Sheldon, he engaged in the provision 
business, which he has since followed success- 
fully. He is a member of the Boston Cham- 
ber of Commerce. Manchester is indebted to 
him as one of the promoters of its present 
admirable water supply system. 

On various occasions Mr. Hooper has been 
Moderator of town meetings, and for five years 
successively he was Town Auditor. He has 
been the treasurer of the Republican Town 
Committee, and is now serving his third term 
as its chairman. A member of Magnolia 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
he is a Past Grand, and he belongs to the 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts Odd Fellows. 
He is also a Mason, having membership in 
Liberty Lodge, Amity Chapter, and St. 
George Commandery, of Beverly. He married 
Susan E. Sheldon, daughter of Charles H. 
Sheldon, with whom he is associated in busi- 
ness. Of this union four children have been 
born; namely, Arthur K., Ethel S., Harry 
F., and Charles. 




ESLEY PETTENGILL, the chair- 
man of Salisbury's Board of Select- 
men and a well-known farmer, was 
born here, April 2, 1836, son of William M. 
and Mary (Stevens) I'ettengill. He comes of 
an old and honored family founded by Richard 
Pettengill, one of the early settlers. Matthew 
Pettengill, the great -great- grandfather of Wes- 
ley, bought a farm of Robert Pike; and the 
deed transferring to the purchaser the seventy 
acres of land comprising the property is still 
in the possession of the family. Matthew's 
son, Samuel, had a son, Joseph, who married 
Rhoda Smith, of Seabrook, artel lived on the 
farm. 

William M. Pettengill was a farmer and a 




JOSEPH F. ESTEN. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



63 



leading man in town and churcli affairs. 
Very conscientious, he was extremely careful 
in forming opinions and exact in all his busi- 
ness transactions. His wife, Mary, was a 
daughter of Joseph Stevens, who fought at the 
battle of Bunker Hill, attained the age of 
eighty-five years, and who has been described 
as a stalwart and brave man. The picture of 
a venerable man in the act of going to church 
on Bunker Hill Uay is still vividly retained 
by Wesley Pettengill among his recollections 
of his maternal grandfather. The children of 
William and Mary Pettengill were: John 
0. A., William S., and Wesley. John died 
in Calcutta, at the age of twenty years, he 
having stopped at that port while on his sec- 
ond voyage at sea. William S. was a success- 
ful farmer and speculator, a Selectman of the 
town, and a Representative to General Court 
in i860. During the war he recruited Com- 
pany C of the Forty-eighth Massachusetts 
Regiment, under Colonel Stone, which, 
though enrolled for but nine months, was gone 
a year, having been at Port Hudson under 
General Banks. After Captain Pettengill 
came back, he was a recruiting officer for some 
time. He died in 1881. His wife, Mary E., 
a daughter of Caleb Pike, had four children, 
namely: J. 0. A. Pettengill, who married 
Mary E. Merrill, of Salisbury; Mary J., now 
the wife of Dr. Eugene Gilman, a dentist of 
Worcester; and Nellie T. and William S., 
living at home. 

After receiving his education in the town 
schools, Wesley Pettengill went to work on 
the farm with his brother, his father having 
practically retired. Beginning in 1865, he 
was engaged in the grocery business in Salis- 
bury for two years. Then he went to Law- 
rence, and in company with Edwin T. Pike 
formed the firm of Pike & Pettengill. At the 
end of another two years he sold out his in- 



terest in this business, and returned to the 
farm, which he has since carried on. Since 
the division of the town in 1886, he has taken 
an active and prominent part in its affairs. 
He is now the chairman of the Board of Se- 
lectmen for the fourth term, having been a 
member of the board since 1886 excepting the 
years 18S9, 1893, 1894, a"J 1895. He has 
also been Assessor, Overseer of the Poor, and 
a member of the Board of Health. A stanch 
Republican, he has been a delegate to numer- 
ous State conventions of his party, and he has 
been the chairman of the Republican Town 
Committee for a number of years. P'rater- 
nally, he is a member of Caleb Cushing Coun- 
cil and of the Essex Agricultural Society. 

On the 22d of January, 1863, Mr. Petten- 
gill married Caroline Gerrish, daughter of 
Daniel Gerrish, of Salisbury. His children 
are: Annie G., a graduate of North Hadley 
Female College, now the wife of Walgrave 
S. Bartlett, who is an attorney of Haverhill; 
George W., a clerk in the employ of the Bos- 
ton & Maine Railroad at Amesbury; Henry 
Gerrish, who married Edith Pike and is the 
father of Norris Parker Pettengill, aged three 
years; and Grace Garfield, a young lady of 
sixteen, living with her parents. Mr. Petten- 
gill attends the Methodist church. 



'sTfOSIiPH F. ESTEN, who was born in 
the State of Rhode Island in 1836, is 
a well-known figure on the streets of 
Amesbury, where for many years he has 
been actively identified with the business in- 
terests of the town. His early education 
was received in the Rhode Island public 
schools. At the age of ten he became a mem- 
ber of the family of his uncle, John Chase, of 
Waterford, Mass., who was a woollen manu- 
facturer. Here as a boy he gained an insight 



64 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



into the woollen business. He was subse- 
quently employed in Graniteville, R.I., as a 
boss dress tender; at Webster, Mass., as a 
boss weaver; at Wilsonville, Conn., as super- 
intendent; at North Oxford, Mass., as super- 
intendent; and at Monson, Mass., as general 
manager. After leaving Monson, he became 
the superintendent of the woollen department 
of the Hamilton Woollen Company at South- 
bridge. From Southbridge this company, 
through the influence of Joshua Ballard, who 
at that time was the treasurer of the corpora- 
tion, transferred Mr. Esten to Amesbury, 
where he was the agent of the cotton and 
woollen departments for four years. In 1887, 
upon the death of Mr. Ballard, many changes 
were made in the corporation, and Mr. Esten 
engaged in business for himself, purchasing 
the extensive carriage plant of Dudley E. 
Gale on Collins Street. Here he had carried 
on a first-class manufacturing business for 
eight years, when, through losses incurred by 
indorsing the notes of friends during the re- 
cent financial panic, he was obliged to retire 
from the carriage industry in 1894. Since 
that time he has been doing business as a car- 
riage broker, travelling through various sec- 
tions of New England. Throughout his long 
career, despite heavy reverses, no man has 
lost a dollar by trusting him. Always tem- 
perate, genial, and interested in town affairs, 
though he has invariably declined public 
office, he is highly respected by all who know 
him. 

Mr. Esten married Helen E. Colby, of the 
famous old New England family that has 
given its name to institutions of learning in 
at least three States of the Union. Her 
grandfather, Rowell Colby, built the log 
house still standing at Enfield, where are prc- 
served_ many other interesting relics of the 
family. Her father, Zacheus Colby, a man of 



means and influence in his day, married Abi- 
gail Eastman, an aunt of Daniel Webster. 
Mr. and Mrs. Esten have five children — Wal- 
ter F., Esther, Albert H., Frank E., and 
Eunice. Walter F. , a woollen broker, lo- 
cated at 131 Kingston Street, Boston, married 
Effie L. Smith, of Southbridge, and has three 
children: Pearl, aged ten years; Mildred; 
and Louise. Esther married William H. 
Bolster, a retired dry-goods merchant of 
Valley Falls, R. I., and has two children — 
Arthur and Herbert. Albert H., a woollen 
dyer of Rhode Island, is unmarried. Frank 
E. resides at St. Louis, Mo. ; and Eunice, the 
youngest of the family, married Fred A. 
Hoyt, the cashier of the Armour Beef Com- 
pany at Pawtucket, R.L, and resides in a 
house directly opposite that of her father in 
Amesbury. Mr. Esten is a member of the 
Dayspring Lodge, F. & A. M., of Monson, 
and is connected with the Amesbury Board of 
Trade. 



fsTrOHN T. SMALL, of the firm of Don- 
ncll & Small, building contractors of 
Groveland, was born in Gray, Me., in 
1850, son of Stephen and Hannah (Tweed) 
Small. Stephen Small, who was born in 
Gray in 1820, followed agricultural pursuits 
in that town until his death, which occurred 
in 1S86. His wife, Hannah, was a native of 
Massachusetts and a daughter of John Tweed. 
She lived to be seventy -three years old, dying 
in 1894. 

John T. Small in boyhood attended school 
in his native town, and also assisted his father 
upon the farm. Later he went to Saco, Me., 
where he worked at carriage-making for Levi 
Boothby, and in 1871 he came to Groveland. 
He was first employed here as a carpenter 
upon the Merrimac Academy building for 
Abner Hardy, and has since acquired a high 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



65 



reputation as a builder of residences in this 
and the adjoining towns. Some time ago he 
became connected with his present partner, 
Mr. Nathaniel Donnell, and the firm are now 
doing a profitable business as building con- 
tractors. In politics Mr. Small supports the 
Democratic party. He was elected a member 
of the Board of Selectmen in 1893 and in 
1896. 

In 1874 ^^- Small was joined in marriage 
with Ellen M. Morse, daughter of James and 
Maria Morse, of Groveland. Her grand- 
father, Benjamin Morse, who was born in 
Newbury, Mass., February 5, 1754, and who 
was a son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Bartlett) 
Morse, married Alice Greenough, daughter of 
James and Mary Greenough. He enlisted as 
a private in Captain Thomas Mighill's com- 
pany, of Rowley, in 1777, and after serving 
with that company six months re-enlisted in 
Captain Jonathan Ayer's company, of Haver- 
hill, with which he served three months and 
thirteen days. James Morse, Mrs. Small's 
father, was born in old Bradford, Mass., in 
1802. He was in early life a cloth weaver 
and later a farmer. He died in Groveland in 
1865. 

Mr. and Mrs. Small have two children, 
namely: Alice J., born in 1S75; and Edgar 
S. , born in 1887. Alice J. was graduated 
from the high school in 1892 and from the 
Massachusetts State Normal School, Salem, 
in 1894. She is now a school teacher in 
South Groveland. Mr. Small is a member of 
Papahannah Lodge, Order of the Golden 
Cross. 



ISRAEL HERBERT PUTNAM, a re- 
tired shoe manufacturer of Danvers, was 
born in this town, January 18, 1S19, 
son of Simeon and Deborah B. (Brown) Put- 
nam. The father, a son of Aaron Putnam, 



was a farmer, and owned the farm that now 
belongs to the subject of this sketch, into 
whose possession it came through inheritance. 
He had seven children, as follows: Simeon, 
who became a carpenter; Aaron, who was a 
shoe manufacturer; Augustus, a farmer; Ed- 
ward, who was an invalid, and died in middle 
life; Israel H.; Lydia, who married Nathan 
Tapley; and Elizabeth. 

Israel H. Putnam, the only member of this 
large family now surviving, was educated at 
the Topsfield, Bradford, and Pembrook Acad- 
emies, and taught school for a few years, 
numbering among his pupils the well-known 
Dr. A. P. Putnam. He subsequently learned 
the shoe business, and, engaging in the manu- 
facture of shoes while still a young man, he 
continued in this line until his retirement 
some eight or ten years ago. When he first 
began business for himself, the shoes were 
made on contract by men outside the shop. 
Mr. Putnam, however, afterward built a fac- 
tory, where all his work was done, which 
factory is now owned and operated by his son, 
Austin H. Putnam. He manufactured chiefly 
misses' and children's shoes, for which he had 
a large Western demand, the dealers receiving 
the article directly from the factory. Mr. 
Putnam married Sarah P. Putnam, daughter of 
James A. Putnam, of Danvers. She bore him 
three children, as follows: Laura M., wife of 
Samuel P. Driver, of Haverhill; Carrie W., 
wife of Lewis A. Nichols, of Chicago, 111. ; 
and Austin H., who has succeeded to his 
father's business, and, with his wife, Ida M. 
Lyford Putnam, lives at the old home. Mr. 
and Mrs. Austin H. Putnam have two chil- 
dren — Harold L. and Sarah Placentia. 

Mr. Putnam has been a director of the First 
National Bank in Danvers, where he has re- 
sided all his life up to the present time. For 
many years since his retirement from busi- 



66 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ness he has been president of the savings- 
bank, giving to its affairs his careful personal 
attention. Politically, he was a member of 
the old Whig party, and subsequently became 
a Republican, but has taken no active part in 
public affairs. He has been one of the trus- 
tees of the Peabody Institute, holding this 
office since its organization. Socially promi- 
nent, he has long been one of the most use- 
ful and respected citizens of Danvers. His 
religious affiliations are with the Congrega- 
tional church. 



f^": 



HARLES WEBSTER GAY, a civil 



engineer of Lynn, was born in the 
V >? ^ South Parish of Dedham, now Nor- 
wood, Mass., April 28, 1848, son of Ebenezer 
Fisher and Sarah A. (Webster) Gay. His 
father and five generations of paternal ances- 
try were natives of Dedham ; and his mother 
was born in Georgetown, Mass. Ebenezer F. 
Gay was a grocery merchant and Postmaster 
in South Dedham for a number of years, and 
during the last twelve years of his life he car- 
ried on a leather and shoe finding business in 
Boston. He was prominently identified with 
public and religious affairs and with the tem- 
perance cause in his native town, where he 
died in 1871, aged fifty-one years. A memo- 
rial window bearing his name was placed in 
the First Universalist Church of Lynn by the 
late Samuel M. Bubier. 

Charles Webster Gay completed his school 
education in the Dedham High School at the 
age of eighteen years. Entering the office of 
John B. Henck, professor of civil engineer- 
ing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, he remained with him for a year and 
a half. He then continued his studies under 
Colonel H. W. Wilson, of Boston, until 1872, 
during which year he was in charge of en- 



gineering work under the Board of Public 
Works in the District of Columbia. At the 
same time he conducted an office in Lynn, 
where he has since practised his profession. 
In 1 888 he was elected City Engineer, and 
has held that office for eight years — planning 
and supervising the construction of notable 
public improvements, which have involved the 
expenditure of more than half a million dol- 
lars of public funds. Pie is a member of the 
American and Boston Societies of Civil lin- 
gineers. 

On January 27, 1873, Mr. Gay was joined 
in marriage at Andover, Mass., with Rosa- 
mond Abbott McLaughlin, a native of George- 
town. He has one daughter, Florence W. 
Mr. Gay has been quite active in public 
affairs, and was a member of the Common 
Council in 1884. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, and is connected by member- 
shiji with Golden P^leece Lodge, of which he 
is secretary ; Sutton Chapter, R. A. M. ; 
Olivet Commandery, K. T. ; Salem Council, 
R. & S. M. ; and Aleppo Temple of the Mys- 
tic Shrine, Boston. He is also a member of 
the O.xford and Park Clubs. 



f^-\ 1 oww 

/'=''»\ was 



IT B. BROWN, cashier of the 
'owwow National Bank, Amesbury, 
IS born in this town in 1849, son 
of Bailey C. and Frances (Cogswell) Brown. 
His paternal ancestry were people of high 
standing, and his mother's family is a notable 
one in Essex County. Bailey C. Brown 
learned the tailor's trade in Georgetown, from 
which place he moved to Manchestcr-by-the- 
Sea, afterward locating in Amesbury. He 
was active in political affairs, represented this 
town in the legislature in the early si.xties, 
and for many years held the appointment of 
Deputy Internal Revenue Collector at New- 



i 




WILLIAM 1'. COLBY. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



69 



buryport, where he remained until this district 
was consolidated. 

Albert B. Brown has been connected with 
the Powwow River National Bank since he was 
sixteen years old. First appointed as clerk, 
he served in that capacity until he was elected 
cashier in 1877. He is also a director of the 
Powwow River Water Company and a trustee 
of the Provident Institution for Savings in the 
towns of Salisbury and Amesbury. He is ca- 
pable and trustworthy, and has an excellent 
reputation in business circles. Mr. Brown 
married Hattie N. Godsoe, of Amesbury. 




ILLIAM P. COLBY, a retired 
litterateur, who is now residing in 
Merrimac, was born in West Ames- 
bury on October 23, 1821. A son of Joshua 
Colby, he is a descendant in the eighth gener- 
ation of Anthony Colby, who accompanied 
Governor Winthrop to Salisbury in 1638. 
The line of descent is traced directly from 
Anthony, through Samuel (first), Samuel (sec- 
ond), Samuel (third), Barzilla, and Joshua 
(first), to Joshua (second), William P. Colby's 
father. The family has furnished governors 
to both Maine and New Hampshire. 

Barzilla Colby served as a minute-man in 
1776. William Williams, the father of Will- 
iam P. Colby's grandmother, was prominent 
among the New Hampshire patriots during 
the struggle for independence. Joshua Colby 
(second), was a prosperous carriage manufact- 
urer of Amesbury. For upward of twenty 
years he served as a Selectman, represented 
his district in the State legislature, and was a 
member of Governor Marcus Morton's Coun- 
cil in 1843. In the capacity of Justice of the 
Peace he transacted much legal business, in- 
cluding the settlement of estates. When he 
died in iSSi he was eighty-six years old. He 



married a daughter of William Pecker, a well- 
known pottery manufacturer in this locality. 

William P. Colby is indebted for his early 
education to both the Kingston and Andover 
academies. After preparing himself for the 
ministry, he labored as a Universal ist preacher 
for ten years. Subsequently he served for 
three years in the Civil War as chaplain of 
the Seventeenth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteers. After the war he engaged in lit- 
erary work in Boston. Being a versatile 
writer, he found constant and lucrative' em- 
ployment until about i88o, when he was sum- 
moned home by the illness of his father. 
The latter left him a comfortable estate, upon 
which he has since lived in retirement, but 
keeping in touch with current events. 

Mr. Colby's wife, who was a daughter of 
Samuel Bancroft, of West Amesbury, died on 
April 29, 1859. She was the mother of three 
children, one of whom died in infancy. The 
others were: Joshua Harlan, who was the pro- 
prietor of a hotel at Salisbury Beach, and died 
at the age of thirty years; and Abbie Irene 
Colby, who is residing at home. Mr. Colby 
is a comrade of C. R. Mudge Post, G. A. R., 
No. 114. He attends and supports the Uni- 
versalist church. 




ALTER OSBORNE FAULKNER, 
of the firm of F. J. & W. O. 
Faulkner, morocco manufacturers of 
Lynn, Mass., is an energetic, capable business 
man and an esteemed resident of this city, in 
which he was born November 10, 1863. His 
father, Joseph Faulkner, who was born in 
Maiden, Mass., spent his earlier years on a 
farm. Learning the morocco dresser's trade, 
Joseph Faulkner first engaged in business in 
Danvers, and in 1856 removed to Lynn, where 
he carried on the same business until his re- 



70 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



tircment from active pursuits in 1889, his 
sons then succeeding him. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Margaret E. Osborne, was 
born and educated in Salem. 

Walter O. Faulkner obtained a practical 
education in the public schools of Lynn. 
During his early manhood he was connected 
with the Thomson-Houston Electric Com- 
pany as travelling electrician in this and for- 
eign countries for a period of seven years. 
This position was one of great advantage, 
bringing him into close contact with many 
leading men and prominent enterprises. In 
1889, in company with his brother, Frank J. 
Faulkner, he succeeded his father in the mo- 
rocco business, in which he has since been 
profitably engaged. He is a natural me- 
chanic, happily endowed with inventive 
genius of a high order, and during the mo- 
rocco dressers' strike in 1891 made good use 
of his time, vi^ith his brother's assistance, in- 
venting and putting on the market a machine 
for seasoning leather. This invention, known 
as the "Faulkner Seasoning Machine," has 
been well tested, and is now generally used in 
all the large morocco factories of the State. 

A stanch Republican in his political affilia- 
tions, Mr. Faulkner has served his fellow- 
citizens in various responsible positions. In 
1894 and 1895 he was a member of the Com- 
mon Council, and the following year was an 
Alderman of the city. In 1894 he served on 
the Committees on Public Grounds, Street 
Lights, Revision of Charter, and on the Elec- 
trical Committee. In 1895 he was on the 
Street Light, the Electrical, and the Public 
Property Committees. While an Alderman 
he served on the Street Light and Electrical 
Committees, and was chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Claims and of Street Sprinkling. 
In 1897 he was elected as School Committee 
for a term of three years. In 1894 he was 



made a trustee of the Lynn Public Library, 
and the same year was elected its treasurer, a 
position which he still holds. He is now 
serving on the Building Committee, and has 
been elected to erect the new Shute Memorial 
Library. He is a valued member of both the 
Oxford and the Park Clubs. 

Mr. Faulkner was married September 26, 
1888, to Miss Emma J., daughter of the Hon. 
H. B. Lovering, e.x-Congressman and now 
(1896) Pension Agent. Mr. and Mrs. Faulk- 
ner have one child — a son, Joseph H. 




RANK P. TODD, a leading resident 
and a prominent agriculturist of Row- 
ley, was born March 3, 1853. A son 
of George A. and Ruth Ann (Payson) Todd, 
he is the only living descendant of the famous 
Elder Payson in Rowley, Aunt Payson having 
been the last bearer of the name. The mater- 
nal line of descent is traced to Elliot Payson, 
born March 1 1, 1699, fourth son of the Rev. 
Pldward and Elsie (Phillips) Payson. On 
November 17, 1722, he married Mary, daugh- 
ter of James and Mary (Hopkinson) Todd. 
Born April 15, 1700, she died September 8, 
1758. She had a large family of children, all 
born in Rowley, as follows: Elizabeth, July 
23i '723, who married Joseph Burpee; I{d- 
ward, January 14, 1727, who married widow 
Hannah Pearson; a child that died in infancy, 
January i, 1729; James, born June 20, 1730, 
who married Elizabeth Boynton ; I^lliott, bap- 
tized December 9, 1733, who died July 16, 
1736; Mary, born January 18, 1735, who died 
July II, 1736; Elliott, May 16, 1737, who 
married Mary Hazeltine Bradford; David, 
November 11, 1739, who was killed July 20, 
1758; Moses Paul, January 26, 1742, who on 
April 26, 1758, married Deborah Gage, and 
had six children; and Mary, March 11, 1744, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



71 



who was the youngest. Moses Paul Payson, 
great-grandfather of Frank P. Todd, had a son 
David, born April 5, 1777, who died Septem- 
ber 12, 1873. David married Ruth Pickard 
Harris, and became the father of two sons and 
four daughters. The sons were Elliot and 
Moses Paul. Of the daughters, Ruth Ann, 
born June 23, 1818, married George A. Todd. 
A picture of the old Pickard house, which was 
recently torn down, is in' the possession of 
Frank P. Todd. 

The Todd family began with John Todd, 
one of the early settlers. Captain Moses 
Todd, grandfather of Frank P., a farmer and 
a very prominent man in the county, had a 
large family of children. The children were 
still young when their home was burned. 
With considerable difficulty and sacrifice, it 
was rebuilt; and, when the boys became old 
enough to work, they assisted in paying the 
indebtedness incurred at that time. Captain 
Todd lived in a part of Rowley called Kit- 
tery, about a mile and a quarter from where 
his grand.son now resides. He commanded a 
company of militia for some years, and died 
near the close of the Civil War. George A., 
born in 1812, learned the shoemaker's trade. 
At the age of twenty-one he went to George- 
town, then a part of Rowley, and worked as 
foreman in the shop of John A. Levering. 
His health failing, he returned to Rowley 
in 1838 or 1840, and there for some years 
drove a cart. He then settled upon a farm, 
and was engaged in agriculture during the 
rest of his life. Many improvements were 
made by him on the estate, which comprised 
a part owned by his first wife and a part 
bought by him. He was active in town 
affairs, serving for twenty years as a member 
of the Board of Overseers of the Poor. A 
Republican in politics, he was a strong sup- 
porter of the government throughout the Civil 



War. He died in 1882, at the age of seventy 
years. 

Frank Todd was educated in the common 
schools of Rowley, the Putnam P'ree School, 
and Dummer Academy. Having taken charge 
of the farm in 1883, he has given especial 
attention to dairying and the raising of fruit 
and hay, and largely increased the live stock. 
He has about one hundred and fifty young 
orchard trees and many older ones. His new 
barn, which was completed in 1895, is one of 
the best equipped in New England. Built in 
accordance with Mr. Todd's suggestions, it is 
especially adapted to his business. The main 
building is forty by seventy-two feet, and con- 
tains two improved silos, with a capacity of 
seventy-five tons each. The cattle L, thirty- 
si.x by fifty-si.x feet, is equipped with the 
Prescott stanchion. The whole is well lighted 
and ventilated, and supplied with water, which 
is led into the cattle stalls. As the cattle are 
kept in a separate part, no odors from the 
stalls can penetrate to the hay, which is thus 
kept fresh and wholesome. The cellar is 
carefully cemented, and is water-tight. All 
his farming implements are of the modern 
type. The milk produced is sold in Lynn. 

While Mr. Todd has not aspired to political 
honors, he has been a delegate to numerous 
State, county, and Senatorial conventions. In 
1887, 1888, and 1889 he was on the Board c.f 
Selectmen, and for two years of the time he 
was chairman. He is a member of the A. O. 
of U. W., Housatonic Council, of Pomona 
Grange, and of the Esse.x County Agricultural 
Society. He and his wife, Mrs. Fannie 
Todd, have eight children, namely: Ruth 
Payson, born May 14, 1879, "ow attending 
school in Newburyport ; John Harris, born 
September 8, 1880; George Albert, born June 
14, 1884; Harland Kendall, born August i, 
1886; Laura Francis, born January 20, 1889; 



72 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Marion Goldsmith, born October lo, 1894; 
Emily Hale, born March 28, 1896; and Frank 
S. , born January 16, 1898. 



I^TON. EDWARD PAYSON SHAW, of 
r^4 Newbury port, the State Treasurer 

JL^ V.^ , of Massachusetts and one of the 

most successful business men of New Eng- 
land, was named after the Rev. Edward Pay- 
son, a celebrated clergyman of Portland, Me., 
whose eloquent sermons electrified a bygone 
generation. He was born September i, 
1 84 1, in Newburyport, son of Major Samuel 
and Abigail (Bartlett) Shaw. His father, a 
knight of the whip from early boyhood, was 
one of the best-known drivers of the Eastern 
Stage Company, which was formerly engaged 
in the business now conducted by the Eastern 
Railroad Company. He held the rank of 
Major in the militia when the contingent of 
Esse.x County was commanded by General 
Lowe; and he was a contemporary of Colonel 
Daniel Adams, Colonel Jeremiah Colman, and 
Major David Emery. His death, which oc- 
curred in March, 1S68, was regretted as the 
loss of a man of piety and integrity. He was 
three times married, his third wife, the 
mother of the subject of this sketch, being in 
maidenhood Abigail Bartlett, a daughter of 
Richard ]5artlett, and a grand-daughter of the 
Hon. William Bartlett, who was a million- 
aire, and was alleged to have been the wealth- 
iest man in the State at one time. 

After attending the public schools, Edward 
Pay.son Shaw spent a year under the instruc- 
tion of the well-known teacher, Master George 
Titcomb, and then was a jiupil of the Loudon 
Academy in New Hamjishire. At the age of 
twenty-two he liought out Lovett's I^oston 
Express, and conducted it under the name of 
Shaw's ]5oston Express for the ensuing eight 



years. Selling his express business in 1871, 
Mr. Shaw succeeded William H. Swasey in 
the firm of Sumner, Swasey & Currier, an old 
and well-established house doing a large busi- 
ness in flour and produce, having numerous 
connections in other States and owning several 
vessels engaged in domestic and foreign trade. 
In 1879 he purchased Commercial Wharf in 
Newburyport, together with the business in- 
terest attached thereto. A few years later 
he established the People's Line of steam- 
boats. In 1884 he organized the company 
which built the Black Rocks & Salisbury 
Beach Railroad, connecting it by steamboats 
with the Newburyport & Amesbury Street 
Railroad, and with others running east, west, 
and south. Mr. Shaw was the first contractor 
engaged by the United States government in 
building the jetties at the mouth of the Merri- 
mac and deepening the water on the bar, with 
the object of making Newburyport a " harbor 
of refuge." In the performance of this work 
he furnished about one hundred thousand tons 
of stone, which he took from a quarry opened 
by him in tlie upper part of the city in 1882. 
Having sold his interest in the Newburyport 
& Amesbury Street Railroad to parties in 
Boston and Salem in 1886, he immediately 
proposed to build a similar road to Plum 
Island and upon it. The project was under- 
taken. He was chosen president of the cor- 
poration ; and in thirty days he had completed 
three miles of the road on the island, had con- 
structed a steamboat pier extending into the 
Merrimac River, had the cars running, had 
remodelled and enlarged Plum Island Hotel, 
had rebuilt the bridge and draw connecting the 
island with the mainland, and was ready to 
begin laying the three miles of track necessary 
to reach Market Square and connect with tiie 
Amesbury trains. About that time, also, tak- 
ing for the nucleus of a system the Black 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



73 



Rocks & Salisbury Beach Railroad, which 
had proved one of the most pofitable lines in 
the Commonwealth, he extended it up the 
beach, nearly to the Hampton River, and then 
built a line back to Salisbury, from which 
point Amesbury was soon tapped, Seabrook at 
the New Hamjjshire line, and afterward New- 
buryport. The system has been still further 
developed recently by connecting Amesbury 
and Merrimac with Haverhill, and now covers 
thirty-three miles of road. He organized and 
has since been the president of the Newbury- 
port Car Company, which is engaged in the 
manufacture of street cars. For several years 
he was president of the Newburyport Board of 
Trade. He was a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of the city for fifteen years, and is 
now its president. Among the pieces of real 
estate improved by him is the Merrimac 
House, now bearing its original name, the 
Wolfe Tavern, which in 1887 he purchased, 
repaired, and refurnished. Another valuable 
piece is Shaw's Hall, a large block erected by 
him upon the site of the house in which he 
was born, and now tenanted by nine social 
organizations. Woodland Place, which has 
been his residence since 1875, is one of the 
finest estates in the city. The rest of his 
property consists of dwellings in the city. 

On December 24, 1867, Mr. Shaw was mar- 
ried in Cambridgeport, Mass., t(j Annie Pay- 
son Trott, a daughter of James Fullerton and 
Frances Jane Trott, of ]?ath. Me. Born of 
their union were seven children, of whom one, 
Grace Hodgdon, is deceased. The others are: 
Edward Payson, Annie Bartlett, James Fuller- 
ton, Lizzie Sumner, Samuel Jaques, and Pau- 
line. A Republican in politics, Mr. Shaw has 
taken a prominent part in public life. After 
serving in the Common Council of Newbury- 
port for two years, he represented the city in 
the State legislatures of 1881, 1SS2, 1888, 



and 1889, and was a member of the State 
Senate for the terms respectively beginning in 
1892 and 1893. In 1895, when H. M. 
Phillips resigned the office of State Treasurer, 
Mr. Shaw was chosen by the legislature to 
serve in that capacity for the remainder of the 
term; and in November, 1895, 1896, and 
1897 he was successively elected to the office 
on the Republican ticket for the current term. 
No doubt the future has still higher honors 
for him. A self-made man, his career is a 
remarkable illustration of what can be achieved 
by native ability. 



fmc 



EORGE W. HOOPER, a leading 
\p I merchant of Manchester, was born in 
this town, December 9, 1855, son of 
William and Sallie (Colby) Hooper. An 
account of his ancestry and family may be 
found in the sketch of Franklin K. Hooper, 
which appears on another page of this work. 
The subject of this sketch received the ele- 
ments of a practical education in the public 
schools of Manchester. At the age of fifteen 
he obtained employment as clerk in the store 
of W. V. Crafts, grocer. After working in 
this capacity for about four years, he became 
a member of the firm, the style of which was 
then changed to Crafts & Hooper. The firm 
continued in business until the death of Mr. 
Crafts, when Mr. Hooper became sole proprie- 
tor. He deals in groceries, hay and grain, 
kitchen furnishings, and smallwares. A man 
of strict business habits, he has been highly 
successful. He uses three delivery teams, 
and takes orders from house to house. His 
patrons are sure of fair treatment, and know 
that anything bought in his store will be 
exactly as represented. 

Mr. Hooper married Carrie S., daughter of 
Charles A. Cheever, of Manchester, and has 



74 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



three sons — Alfred C, George, and Lewis S. 
He is a Republican in politics, and fraternally 
a member of Magnolia Lodge, I. O. O. F. 
Mr. Hoopei's success has been due partly to 
his possessing a natural aptitude for business, 
but chiefly, perhaps, because he has concen- 
trated his energies upon one thing, instead of 
dissipating them upon various successive ob- 
jects. 



« ■ • • 1 



-AMES H. PERKINS, Selectman of 
Wenham, was born here, October 29, 
1828, son of Nehemiah Perkins, Jr., 
and Eliza (Edwards) Perkins, who were na- 
tives respectively of Wenham and Beverly. 
The Perkins family is an old and highly 
respected one in this section. The original 
ancestor in America was John Perkins, who 
came from England in 1638 or 1639, and 
settled in Ipswich. John Perkins, brother of 
Nehemiah, grandfather of James H., was a 
soldier of the Revolution; and Edward Per- 
kins, another brother, was a privateersman in 
the War of 1812. Nehemiah Perkins, Jr., 
was engaged in the manufacture of shoes, and 
conducted a farm. He spent the greater part 
of his life in Wenham, but lived for a time 
in Hamilton, Mass. P'or some years he served 
as se.xton and undertaker. 

James H. Perkins grew to manhood in 
Wenham. His early education was limited to 
what he could acquire in the district schools, 
but close observation of men and affairs in 
later life largely extended his knowledge. 
He early began shoemaking; and upon reach- 
ing his majority he engaged i.n the retail boot 
and shoe trade in Lewis Street, East Boston. 
In 1857 he sold out his business in order to go 
into that of manufacturing boots and shoes 
in Wenham. Subsequent to this he was 
occupied with farming for a time, and later 
he successfully carried on a meat and pro- 



vision business in Wenham. About 1889 he 
retired from active business life, and has not 
since returned to it. 

Mr. Perkins married Mary E. , daughter of 
Abraham Dodge, of W^enham, who is now 
deceased. Mrs. Perkins died in January, 
1S92, having been the mother of eight chil- 
dren : Edward A. ; Frank E. ; P'red F. ; 
Emma A. ; Charles A. ; James H., Jr. ; 
Alonzo C. ; and George H. Emma, the only 
daughter, is the wife of George W. Patch, of 
Wenham. Mr. Perkins has served for a num- 
ber of years on the Board of Selectmen, also 
as Assessor and Overseer of the Poor of 
Wenham. He has been a member of the 
Republican Town Committee, and has taken an 
active part in local politics. The family 
spend the summer at Baker's Island, where 
Mr. Perkins has a cottage. 




sifP^OULTON BATCHELDER, a cor- 
poration officer and a popular citi- 
zen of Lawrence, was born in 
Plainfield, Washington County, Vt., De- 
cember 7, 1836. A son of Jonathan and 
Wealthy (Ketchum) Batchelder, he is a 
grandson of Moulton Batchelder, an English- 
man, who was an early settler of the Green 
Mountain State, and who reared three sons. 
Jonathan Batchelder, also a native of Ver- 
mont, was a farmer. He died about the year 
1843, in the prime of life, leaving a widow 
and seven children. Widow Batchelder died 
in 1S63, and was buried in Plainfield, beside 
her husband. Of their family — three sons 
and four daughters — two sons and two daugh- 
ters are living. 

Moulton Batchelder was reared on the home 
farm, and received a common-school educa- 
tion. He worked for a blacksmith during one 
winter. With that exception he was on the 




iMOULTON BATCHELDEK. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



77 



homestead until 1856, when he became a resi- 
dent of Lawrence. Here he was a watchman 
in the Bay State and the Washington Mills 
until 1862. In July of that year he enlisted 
as a private in Company C, Fortieth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, for three years. 
In the service he was made successively Cor- 
poral, Fifth Sergeant, Orderly Sergeant, and 
Second Lieutenant. Resigning his commis- 
sion in February, 1864, he returned to Law- 
rence, and took up again the duties of watch- 
man in the mills. A few months later, 
however, he enlisted in Company K, Sixth 
Massachusetts Regiment, for one hundred 
days. Commissioned First Lieutenant, he 
completed his term of service, guarding Con- 
federate prisoners at Fort Delaware and de- 
fending Washington. He was mustered out, 
and came back to Lawrence in October, 1864. 
Soon after he was apjjointcd patrolman here, 
and he subsequently acted in that capacity for 
a number of years. He was Assistant Mar- 
shal for several years, was for two years the 
keeper of the jail under Sheriff Herrick, and 
was City Marshal for five years. In 1881 he 
resigned the last-named office to accept a gov- 
ernment appointment to the State district 
police. In this body he had served for twelve 
years and nine months when he resigned to 
accept his present position, which he has effi- 
ciently filled for the past three years. 

In 1859 Mr. Batchelder was married to 
Miss Mary Jane Rowe, of Plymouth, N.H., 
who died December 6, i8g6, aged sixty-two. 
She was the mother of two children: Lillian, 
who died in infancy in 1863; and Chase M., 
who is now a shipper in the Everett Mills. 
Mr. Batchelder is a Republican in politics 
He is a member of Needham Post, No. 39, 
G. A. R. ; of the Massachusetts Coramandery; 
of the Loyal Legion since May i, 1894; and 
of the Home Club for over twenty years, hav- 



ing been a director thereof for several years. 
The Home Club is a model organization, with 
a membership limited to one hundred and 
seventy-five. In its rooms good order always 
prevails, for no ardent spirits are allowed on 
the premises. Neither politics nor religious 
belief debars a man from membership. The 
rooms are at 306 Esse.x Street, and Mr. Batch- 
elder's office is on the same floor and con- 
nected with them. Since his wife's death 
the most of Mr. Batchelder's leisure time is 
spent in the club-rooms. He has a cabinet 
filled with the trophies captured xluring his 
professional life. Among these are three fine 
game-cocks, stuffed, which were captured be- 
fore they engaged in the battle for which they 
were pitted. A man of striking appearance 
and genial character, he is one of the most 
popular public men in the city of Lawrence. 



OHN BECKFORD HILL, senior mem- 
ber of the firm of John B. Hill & Son, 
dealers in watches and jewelry, is 
Beverly's oldest merchant now in active busi- 
ness, having opened his store here in 1844. 
He was born in this city, September 25, 1824, 
son of James and Sally (Beckford) Hill. The 
paternal grandfather, also named James, born 
in Ireland, town of Carrickfergus, Antrim 
County, with two brothets, Hugh and Peter, 
and two sisters, came to this country in 17SS. 
He settled in Beverly, where he began as 
a fish merchant. Having been very success- 
ful, he was later the owner of a number of 
vessels. The maiden name of his wife is ncit 
known. 

James Hill, youngest son of James, Sr., and 
the father of John B., born in Beverly in 
1792, died in 1829, aged thirty-seven years. 
Like his father, he was interested in the fish- 
ing business, and owned many vessels. He 



7S 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



married Sally I3eckford, who was born in Bev- 
erly in 179S, daughter of Captain Benjamin 
and Ruth (Obear) Beckford. Her father, a 
Revolutionary patriot and a sea captain, who 
settled in Beverly after the war, made many 
voyages between Salem and Russia, and died 
ill iSio. After the death of her husband 
Mrs. Sally Hill taught school, both jniblic 
and [jrivate, in Beverly for a number of years. 
She died in i S49, aged fifty-one years. Her 
children were: James, Nancy S., Benjamin 
B. , Sally B., and John B. James, who was 
a shoemaker by trade and Town Clerk of 
Beverly for a quarter of a century, died in 
April, 1879. He married Mary Curtis, of 
Beverly, and had two children : James Arthur, 
who married Kate Pease, of Salem, and has 
one son, Walter; and William Curtis, who 
married Georgia T. Town, of Beverly, and 
has two children — William Webster and 
George Jackson. Nancy S. Hill, who died in 
November, 1896, married William P. Friend, 
now also deceased, and left four children — 
William S., James PI., Nan S., and Charles 
H. Friend. Benjamin B. Hill, who died in 
March, 1879, married Elizabeth A. Perkins, 
who is also deceased, and left one daughter, 
Elizabeth A., now the wife of Pierce Bell, of 
]5everly, and the mother of one child, Grace 
P. Bell. Pfis only son, Benjamin B. , Jr., 
who was a soldier in the Civil War, is now 
deceased. The only survivors of James and 
Sally Hill's children are Sally B., who was 
born in 1821, and John lieckford Hill. 

John Beckford Hill acquired his education 
in the public schools of Beverly, after which 
he went to Salem and learned the jewelry and 
watchmaker's trade of P'dmund Currier, with 
whom he remained four years. In 1844 he 
opened a store for himself in Beverly, where 
to-day he is the only merchant still in trade 
of those who were then in business here, and 



with one exception the only survivor. He 
took in his scjn, John Franklin Hill, as part- 
ner in 1870, and since that time the firm name 
has been John B. Hill & Son. His son now 
has charge of most of the business. He was 
the treasurer and secretary of the Beverly 
Gaslight Company for twenty years, and he is 
now a trustee of the Danvers Savings Bank. 
On December 30, 1852, Mr. Hill was 
united in marriage with Caroline 1{. Perkins, 
daughter of Benjamin F. and Elizabeth (Mur- 
ray) Perkins. Of the four children born of 
the union, three are living — Sarah Elizabeth, 
John Franklin, and Charles Flanders. Sarah 
E., who is the wife of Theodore Taylor, of 
Beverly, has no children. John F. , who mar- 
ried Anna B. Adams, of this place, has three 
children — Marjorie B. , Karl Franklin A., 
and John B. (second). Charles F. , who mar- 
ried Liefa T. Perry, of Beverly, Mass., has no 
children, and now resides in Cambridge, 
Mass. Mr. Hill is an Independent in poli- 
tics. He was Assessor of Beverly for twenty- 
one years. Overseer of the Poor for many 
years, and Town Auditor at one time. He is 
a thirty-second degree Mason, and was Mas- 
ter of Liberty Lodge of Beverly for twelve 
years. He has also been a member of the 
Sons of Temperance for twenty-seven years, 
and he belongs to the Knights of Pythias of 
Beverly. Both he and Mrs. Hill are members 
of the I'^irst Baptist Church, of which he was 
clerk from 1856 to 1876. 



^oV 



LLIAM HENRY SEVERANCE, 
Lynn, who represented the 
Twelfth Esse.x district in the State 
legislature of 1897, was born January 12, 
1857, in Bangor, Me. His parents, Howard 
K. and Jennie (Severance) Severance, were 
both natives of that city, and there spent the 



BIOGKAPHICAL REVIEW 



79 



larger part of their comiaaratively brief lives. 
In 1S62 the father enlisted in a Bangor com- 
pany of volunteers, and was at the forefront in 
some of the battles of the Civil War. He 
never returned to his home, having, without 
doubt, met death while bravely facing the 
enemy. His wife, completely jirostrated by 
thi.s belief, died within a short time. 

Left an orphan at an early age, William H. 
Severance was thus prematurely thrown upon 
his own resources. Prior to the age of eleven 
years, he attended the district schools of Brad- 
ford, Me., and that vicinity for a part of each 
year. Thereafter he began to earn his living. 
During the first three years he worked in a 
brush factory at Pushshaw Falls, Me. Then 
he followed the cooper's trade in different 
places for ten years, being principally em- 
ployed in Cambridge, Mass. In 1880 he 
came to Lynn; and, opening a meat and pro- 
vision market on Pratt Street, he carried on a 
thriving business there until 1895. He then 
established a steamboat express business be- 
tween Lynn and Boston, which he has success- 
fully carried on since. 

Since coming to Lynn, Mr. Severance has 
had an active part in municipal affairs, his 
sound judgment making him a most useful 
official. In 1S93 and 1894 he was a member 
of the Common Council, serving during the 
first year on the Committees on Incidentals, 
and Laying out and Altering the Streets, and 
in 1895 on the Drainage and Claims Commit- 
tees. In the fall of 1896 he was elected to 
the State legislature for the term of 1S97. 
P"raternally, he is a member of Winnepurkit 
Tribe of Red Men, Lodge No. 55; of Peter 
Woodland Lodge, K. of P., No. 72; and of 
Glenmere Lodge, No. 139, I. O. O. F. P'or 
the past three years he has been a director of 
the Lynn Co-operative Bank. On August 8, 
1 883, he was married to Miss Lizzie J. Meade, 



of this city. Five children have blessed the 
union, four of whom are living; namely, Vic- 
torine W., Clara N., P"rederick E., and Will 
iam M. 



Y^ANGDON HEALEY HOLDER, the 

jJT proprietor of the oldest baking busi- 
— I, ,11 — ness in the city of Lynn, is a son of 
Nathaniel Holder, who was born in Marble- 
head. After his marriage with Hannah D. 
Morgan, of Salem, Nathaniel located in 
Lynn. In 1848 he opened a bakery, begin- 
ning on a modest scale. Before his retire- 
ment from active life in 18S2, he had built up 
a thriving trade. 

Langdon H. Holder was born in Lynn, 
March 10, 1846, and was here reared and 
educated. At the age of sixteen he began 
assisting his father. Finding the occupation 
congenial to his tastes, he continued at it, 
learning the details of the business. Since 
1882 he has had the entire charge of the es- 
tablishment. The bakery has been located on 
its present site for forty-eight years, and is 
a well-known landmark of the city. Mr. 
Holder, who believes that anything worth 
doing is worth' doing well, takes especial 
pains to have all his goods pure, healthful, 
and otherwise of the best quality; and his 
numerous patrons have not been slow in recog- 
nizing this fact. He has an extensive trade 
in the community where his life has been 
spent. 

Mr. Holder has served his fellow-citizens 
in important offices of trust and responsibility. 
In 1887, 1888, and 1889 he was a member of 
the Common Council, in the latter year being 
chairman of the Committees on Fuel, Street 
Lights, Public Property, Almshouse, and the 
Poor. In 1890 and 1891 he was a Represent- 
ative to the State legislature, in which during 
his first term he was a member of the Com- 



8o 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



niittee on Pay-rolls, and during his second 
term he was on the Prisons Committee. He 
was appointed by the Speaker of the House to 
attend the New York Centennial in 1S90, 
being the only member from Essex County 
thus honored. In 1892 and 1893 he was a 
member of the Board of Aldermen. In his 
first year in that capacity he was chairman of 
the Committee on Drainage, F"uel and Street 
Lights, and Public Property; and in 1892 he 
was chairman of the Committee on Drainage. 
In politics he is an unswerving Republican 
and a faithful worker in its ranks. In 1893 
and 1894 he was a member of the Republican 
City Committee, and he is now a member of 
the Republican Club of Ward Six. 

On October 28, 1868, Mr. Holder was mar- 
ried to Miss Ella M. Jackson, who died April 
15, 1893. She bore him six children, of 
whom five are living; namely, Alice J., Amy 
L., Ernest W., Bessie D., and Everett T. 
Amy L. is the wife of William Morrison, of 
Lynn. On June 12, 1894, Mr. Holder mar- 
ried Miss Anna S. Nutter, of Lynn. They 
have no children. 



Ji 



AVID LOWELL DEARBORN 
BALCH, a retired carpenter and 
builder ot Amesbury, was born in 
this town, October 13, 1828, son of Dr. 
Israel and Nancy (Goodwin) Balch. The 
father was a graduate of Dartmouth College 
and one of the most successful physicians and 
surgeons of his day in this locality. His rep- 
utation extended far beyond the limits of 
Amesbury and its vicinity, his opinion and 
advice being frequently in demand by his 
brother physicians throughout the county. 
He was especially noted for his charitable dis- 
position. Electricity, then a new object of 
investigation, had a keen interest for his 



mind. His mechanical ingenuity enabled 
him to invent several valuable electrical ap- 
pliances as well as to construct many of his 
surgical instruments. In his younger days he 
taught in an academy, thus acquiring an inter- 
est in educational matters that he retained 
throughout the rest of his life. He assisted 
many young men in their college preparations. 
Earnestly devoted to his profession, the long 
rides and constant exposure to all kinds of 
weather it demanded from him gradually 
undermined his constitution ; and he died July 
7, 1858. Dr. Balch was prominent in public 
affairs, was connected with the Masonic fra- 
ternity and various medical societies, and was 
an active member of the Unitarian ciiurch. 

David Lowell Dearborn Balch was educated 
in Amesbury, and has always resided here. 
He was for a number of years engaged in 
business as a carpenter and builder, and he 
served as Road Surveyor for twenty-five years. 
Some time since he retired after a prosperous 
business career, and he is now jiassing his 
time in quiet leisure. On January 10, 1854, 
he was united in marriage with Judith A. 
Boardman, daughter of Offin Boardman. Her 
father was a representative in the sixth gener- 
ation of an old Essex County family, members 
of which were active in Colonial and Revolu- 
tionary affairs. Mrs. Balch is a direct de- 
scendant of Captain Ofifin Boardman, who with 
others formed the boat's crew that captured a 
British vessel off Newburyport Harbor during 
the struggle for independence. 



/^^Teorge WALDRON WORCES- 
\^5T TER, M.D., a well-known physician 
of Newburyport, was born in Wind- 
sor, Vt., September i, i860. A son of 
Chauncy and Adeline (Waldron) Worcester, 
he IS descended in the eighth generation from 




DAVIU L. D. BALCH. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



83 



the Rev. William Worcester, one of the first 
settlers of Salisbury, the first pastor located 
there and a County Commissioner. The 
Worcester family is one of the oldest in the 
county, and has produced men noted for 
honesty and integrity, and eminent in profes- 
sional and literary lines. 

Chauncy Worcester, also born in Windsor, 
was a farmer in that town. Held in high es- 
teem by his fellow-townsmen, he was chosen 
to fill various offices of responsibility and 
trust. A Unitarian in religious belief, his 
creed was well expressed in the constant help- 
fulness and kindliness of his daily life. He 
married Adeline, daughter of Samuel Walden, 
of Windsor. Novi' seventy-seven years old, 
she is the eldest of nine children, all of whom 
are still living. One of her sisters has 
recently celebrated her golden wedding. 
Chauncy and Adeline Worcester had five chil- 
dren, of whom three are living. These are: 
a daughter, who is a trained nurse in Boston ; 
Frank D., who is a practising physician at 
Keene, N.H. ; and Dr. G. W. Worcester, the 
subject of this sketch. George Waldron 
Worcester fitted for college at the Green Moun- 
tain Academy in South Woodstock, Vt., and 
then entered the University of Vermont at Bur- 
lington. Later he studied at the Hahnemann 
College in Chicago, graduating therefrom in 
18S3 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
Since that time he has taken two post-gradu- 
ate courses, one at the Polyclinic Institute 
of New York in 1891 and one in 1894 at the 
Post-graduate Hospital of New York City. 
Also he has taken a course in microscopy, and 
has given much attention to surgery. After 
spending four years at Springfield, Vt., where 
he had a large practice, he came in 1887 to 
Newburyport, succeeding to Dr. Bolton's prac- 
tice. He was subsequently associated with 
Dr. B. G. Clarke, ophthalmologist, for nearly 



a year. Since coming to Newburyport he has 
built up a large practice. His unquestioned 
skill and the large number of cures he has 
effected have gained a reputation that might 
be envied by a much older man. He is a 
member of the Homoeopathic Medical Society 
of Vermont, of the Massachusetts Homoeo- 
pathic State Medical Society, of the Ameri- 
can Institute of Homoeopathy, of the Gynaeco- 
logical and Surgical Society of Boston, and 
of the Essex County Homttopathic Medical 
Society. Of the last named he was the presi- 
dent for one year and the secretary and treas- 
urer for two years. 

Fraternally, Dr. Worcester is a member of 
St. John's Lodge, F. & A. M. ; of King 
Cyrus Royal Arch Chapter; of Amesbury 
Council, of Newburyport Commandery of 
Knights Temjilar; and of the Knights of 
I'ythias of Newburyport. He is medical ex- 
aminer of both the American Order of United 
Workmen, of Newburyport, Lodge No. 31, 
and the New England Order of Protection. 
He served on the Board of Trade, and he was 
on the Board of Health from 1890 to 1896. 
Since 1891 he has been a member of the 
School Board. On March 10, 1885, he mar- 
ried Miss Hattie C. Morrison, of Windsor, 
Vt. , who is the mother of a son, Chauncy M. 




-\PTAIN ELIJAH P. ROGERS, 

born in Newbury, December 30, 1824, 
is a son of William and Jemima 
(Davis) Rogers. Gideon Rogers, the pater- 
nal grandfather, a prosperous farmer and a 
trader in cattle, was distinguished for his 
strong common sense. His son William, de- 
scribed as a good scholar and musician, was a 
favorite pupil of Master Longfellow, a connec- 
tion of the poet Longfellow. A kindly man, 
William was generally liked. He married 



84 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Jemima Davis, and by her became the father 
of a large family. She was a daughter of 
Levi Davis, of Maine, who removed to Ohio, 
settling in Belmont County, where he became 
a successful farmer and a highly respected 
member of the community. He was a Revo- 
lutionary soldier, and his life was character- 
ized by great energy and activity. In relig- 
ion he was a leading member of the Society 
of Friends. 

Captain Rogers commenced life in Newbury, 
in the shoe business with his brother Gideon. 
Some time afterward, in company with C. M. 
Noyes, he started in the grocery business. 
From this he changed to farming. He was a 
Selectman, and from time to time he served 
on the Prudential Committee of the School 
Board. He was deeply interested in educa- 
tional matters, and his faithful service was 
most acceptable to the community. For 
twelve or fifteen years prior to the Civil War 
he was Second Lieutenant in Company B of 
Major Ben Perley Poor's Rifles. When the 
Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment was called 
out, Mr. Rogers took command of Company 
B, and went to Poolesville, Md., in iS6i. 
Out on detached service when the skirmishing 
began at Ball's Bluff, Companies B and C at 
once returned ; and the captains reported to 
their superior officers that there was about to 
be fighting further up the river, and that they 
would like to join the regiment. Captain 
Rogers reached Harrison Island just as Gen- 
eral Baker received his death wounds, and as- 
sisted in carrying the body of the dead general 
to the rear. At dusk of that day the com- 
pany, searching for food, discovered a box of 
bread, which all began eating. It was no- 
ticed that the bread was soft, as if moistened 
by the rain; but upon examination it proved 
to be soaked with human blood. This horri- 
fying discovery did not, however, deter the 



hungry men from consuming the bread. From 
Harrison Island the company marched to 
Muddy Branch. P'rom there the Captain was 
sent out with his company to take charge of 
the construction of a log fort on Seneca 
Heights, where he spent two or three weeks of 
the winter. Once, when upon his round of 
inspection, a light fall of snow covering the 
ground, the Captain fell from the toj) of the 
fort, and was badly injured. This caused him 
to return to his regiment and remain under 
the doctor's care for many weeks, after which 
he returned home on leave of absence. He 
went back to his regiment at Yorktown, Va., 
while still in a very weak state of health, and 
in this condition went heroically through his 
duty amid many deterring circumstances. He 
afterward did duty with Captain Noyes outside 
of Washington in the Heavy Artillery. His 
health prevented him from taking command, 
and from this time until the close of the war 
he remained senior First Lieutenant of Heavy 
Artillery. They were placed at twenty-three 
different forts, and had most varied and excit- 
ing experiences. In the winter of 1864 Cap- 
tain Rogers encamped at P'alls Church, Va. , 
on the site of the present Camp Alger. 

After returning from the war he took charge 
of a shoe shop in Haverhill, and was also in 
charge of a room in the Charlestown State 
prison for some years. P'inally, he withdrew 
from business because of feeble health. He 
built a house after this, and dealt more or less 
in real estate. Then he spent a long period 
of time in the hospital, and underwent a suc- 
cessful operation, since which he has had 
somewhat better health. 

Mr. Rogers has been twice married, first 
to Jane J. Noyes, a daughter of Colonel Sam- 
uel M. Noyes. After her death he married 
Susie K. Church, of Boston. He had three 
children by the first wife — Nellie P., Wins- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



8S 



low H., and Lewis M. (the two latter are de- 
ceased). Norman P., who was educated at 
the Putnam High School in Newbury and Col- 
lege of Pharmacy of Boston, is in business at 
Canton, Mass. 




iRRY WYLDF:, the superintendent 
of the print works of the Pacific 
Mills in Lawrence, residing on 
Tower 1 1 ill, at 979 Essex Street, was born 
in February, 1857, in Middleton, Lancashire, 
England, which is the birthplace also of his 
father, Robert Wylde. The paternal grand- 
father, Peter Wylde, born in Tydsley, Lan- 
cashire, England, in 1789, when old enough 
served in the press gang under Wellington, 
and was afterward with Admiral Nelson on 
the high seas. A block-printer by trade, he 
was employed for many years in the Lan- 
cashire Print Works. He married Ruth 
Aitkins, and with her reared si.x children, all 
of whom except one daughter are still living 
in the old country, the eldest being now 
eighty-three years of age. He attained the 
age of fourscore and four years, and his wife 
that of seventy-three. 

Robert Wylde, born April 21, 1S27, was 
employed as a calico printer during his active 
period. He is now spending his declining 
years in retirement, enjoying a well-earned 
leisure. On the first day of June, 185 1, he 
married Sarah Thorp, of Lancashire. They 
reared eight children, as follows: Anne, who 
resides in England; William, who is an en- 
graver in England, and has a wife and three 
children; Francis, a textile printer in Law- 
rence, Mass. ; Harry, the subject of this 
biography; Elizabeth, the wife of Henry 
Coogan, of England ; Cornelius, who is an 
engraver, lives at North Adams, Mass., and 
has a wife and three children; Arthur, who is 



also engaged in that business in North Adams, 
and has a wife and two children; and Fred- 
erick, who is an etcher and engraver. 

Harry Wylde left school when a young lad, 
to become a block boy in the machine printing 
room of a textile-mill. Here he rose rapidly 
to the coloring department, of which he was 
an employee from 1876 until 1879. At the 
age of twenty-two years, being desirous of 
bettering his circumstances, he came to Amer- 
ica, a step that he has never regretted since. 
During the first three years of his residence in 
Massachusetts he was employed as second 
hand in the Hamilton Print Works at Lowell. 
In 1 883 he came to Lawrence as second hand 
in the coloring department of the Pacific 
Mills. Here in the following November he 
was promoted to the position of overseer of 
the department; and in June, 1893, he was 
made assistant superintendent of the print 
works. After three years' faithful service as 
assistant Mr. Wylde was appointed superin- 
tendent of the print works, a responsible office, 
which he has since ably filled. The company 
employs from forty-three hundred to forty-five 
hundred hands in its various rooms. Of this 
large number, nine hundred are under the su- 
pervision of Mr. Wylde, who has won the sin- 
cere respect of those above and below him. 

Politically, Mr. Wylde is a stanch Republi- 
can. P^raternally, he belongs to the Masonic 
order, in which he is a Knight Templar; to 
the A. O. U. W. ; and to the Royal Arcanum. 
He was chairman of the first meeting of the 
organizers of the Lawrence Co-operative Rank, 
which was founded in April, 1888, and of 
which he was formerly the president and is 
now a vice-president. He is a member of the 
St. John's Episcopal Church of Lawrence, 
with which he united soon after coming here. 
On the second day of May, 18S9, he was 
married in Lawrence to Alice I. McClary. 



86 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



One of the three daughters of Andrew J. 
McClary, formerly of Strong, Me., now resid- 
ing in Chicago, 111., she is descended from a 
prominent family of Maine, Fort McClary, in 
Kittery, having been named in honor of one 
of her near kinsmen. Mr. and Mrs. Wylde 
have five interesting children, namely: Rus- 
sell Arthur, who is in his eighth year; Oliver 
Andrew; Anna Elizabeth; Paul Linton; and 
A. Francis, an active little fellow in his sec- 
ond year. 



M 



AVID E. SMITH, a well-to-do resi- 
dent of Rowley, was born Septem- 
ber 1 8, iSio. A son of Moses and 
Mary (Jcwett) Smith, he is a descendant of 
Hugh Smith, who emigrated from England to 
this country at an early day. The line of de- 
scent comes to him through John, Benjamin, 
Benjamin (second), Isaac, and Moses. Isaac 
Smith, who lived on the old Smith place, on 
the Georgetown road, had a large family of 
children. Three of his sons settled in Row- 
ley, three in Salem, and one in Hopkinton. 
Moses Smith, the father of David E. , born 
October i, 1773, died in 1855. His wife, 
Mary, who was born in 1776, died on June 
10, 1855. She was well on Monday, yet she 
expired on the following Saturday. Their 
children were: Oilman H., Henry W., Moses, 
David E., Jacob J., Isaac E., and a daughter 
that died in infancy. Of these Oilman H. 
and David E. arc living. Henry W. , who 
was a carpenter, died in New Orleans, unmar- 
ried, on January 4, 1841, aged thirty-four 
years. Moses, a shoe cutter, died unmarried, 
in Rowley, at the age of eighty-eight. Jacob 
]., who was a farmer in Rowley, died in 1894. 
Isaac, who was a shoe manufacturer of Haver- 
hill, died on January 15, 1879. 

David E. Smith attended the common 
schools of his native town, and subsequently 



worked for his father at farming. Thrifty and 
prudent, he has always lived in comfortable 
circumstances. There has never been a mem- 
ber of the Smith family here who could not 
earn his own living, and none ever found it 
necessary to give a mortgage to raise money 
or for any other purpose. Mr. Smith's health 
has always been good, this fact being due, no 
doubt, to his regular habits and total absti- 
nence from intoxicants and tobacco. He says 
he is as well now as he was forty years ago. 
Habitually an early riser, he always retires 
early. Having never failed to pay his debts, 
his word has been as good as his bond. 

Mr. Smith is connected with the Orthodox 
(Lower) Church, and recently presented to 
the society a handsome church organ, costing 
thirteen hundred dollars. Now eighty-eight 
years of age, he is as keen and active as a man 
of thirty. Possessing a remarkably retentive 
memory, he can give dates and events con- 
nected with his boyhood with wonderful ac- 
curacy, and he can read and write readily 
without the aid of glasses. 




RETAS R. SANBORN, Registrar of 
Deeds for the Northern District of 
Essex County and an esteemed citi- 
zen of Lawrence, was born August 6, 1834, 
on the family homestead in Sanbornton, now 
Tilton, N.H., son of Jonathan Sanborn, Jr. 
He has sprung from an English family that 
traces its lineage back to the time of William 
the Conqueror. The emigrant ancestor, Will- 
iam Sanborn,' came from I'2ngland to America 
with his widowetl mother and his brother John 
in 1632. After living in Massachuscttts for 
a while, he took up a large tract of wild land 
in Hampton, N.H., which now includes three 
townships. The next in line of descent was 
William Sanborn,^ whose son, William San- 




LURING GKIMKS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



89 



born, 3 was the succeeding ancestor. The line 
was continued through Simon Sanborn ■• and 
his son, Jonathan Sanborn, Sr. ,5 who was the 
grandfather of Aretas R. 

Jonathan Sanborn, Sr., succeeded to the 
ownership of a portion of the original home- 
stead; and there he and his wife, whose maiden 
name was Judith Crane, reared their family of 
three sons and four daughters. Of these chil- 
dren, all of whom married and reared families, 
Shadrach settled in Vermont, and Woodbridge 
was for many years a mechanic and liveryman 
in Boston. The mother, who survived her 
husband, attained the good old age of four- 
score years. Jonathan Sanborn, Jr., was born 
on the Sanborn homestead in 1792, and until 
his death, in 1866, was engaged in cultivating 
the soil. He married Polly Rowe, of Gil- 
manton, N.H., who survived him two years, 
(lying in 1868, in the sixty-eighth year of her 
age. They had six children, namely: Au- 
gusta, now deceased; Jane, who resides in 
Tilton, N.H., the widow of the late Ben- 
jamin M. Durgan; Isaac S. R., who was a 
railway engineer, and died at Concord, N.H., 
in 1894; John C, a resident of Lawrence; 
Aretas R., the subject of this sketch; and 
Adoniram J., who, together with his wife and 
child, is now deceased. The homestead is 
still in the possession of the family, and is 
occupied by the sixth generation from the 
original proprietor. 

Aretas R. Sanborn, having graduated from 
]?owdoin College in 1859, studied law with 
VV. H. P. Wright, of Lawrence, Mass., and 
was admitted to the Essex County bar in 
1864. Beginning the practice of his profes- 
sion in this city, he continued it until 1894, 
when he was elected to his present position as 
Registrar of Deeds. In iSgo he built his 
present residence at 9 Kendrick Street, and 
soon after its completion removed to it from 



173 Jackson Street, where he had lived fifteen 
years. He is Past Regent of the Royal Ar- 
canum, Past Dictator of the Knights of 
Honor, and was for some time the president 
of the Lawrence .Society of Natural History 
and Archaeology, subjects in which he is 
greatly interested. A Republican in politics, 
he formerly served as clerk of the Police 
Court. He is a member of Grace Episcopal 
Church, of which he was the treasurer during 
the rectorship of Bishop Lawrence. 

In November, 1864, Mr. Sanborn married 
Miss Clara P. Black, of Danvers, Mass., a 
daughter of James D. and Sally (Fowler) 
Black, neither of whom is living. Respec- 
tively a brother and sister of Mrs. Sanborn 
are: Arthur M. Black, of Providence, R.I.; 
and Maria H., the wife of Frederick H. Low- 
ell, an apothecary in Cambridge, Mass. Mr. 
and Mrs. Sanborn have lost four children. 
Of these, two died of scarlet fever, and were 
buried in one casket. The death of James 
B., a lad of eight years, occurred April 5, 
1873, and that of Norman P. on the follow- 
ing day. The others were: Robert H., who 
died of diphtheria when eight years old; and 
Louis, a bright and promising lad of sixteen 
years, who died October 18, 1894. Agnes 
Rebecca Sanborn is the only surviving child. 




ORING GRIMES, the president of the 
Rockport National Bank, is a native 
of this town. A son of James P. 
and Clarissa (Hoyt) Grimes, he was born 
March 10, 1840. His grandfather, Mark 
Grimes, who was also a resident of Rockport, 
came from England. The father spent his 
life in Rockport, which was also his native 
town. P'or a number of years he held the 
office of Tax Collector. Of his eight chil- 
dren, seven are now living; namely, James, 



90 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



George, William U., Loring, Moses H., 
Luther B., and Clarissa. William H. resides 
in Gloucester; Moses H., in Ipswich, Mass.; 
and the others in Rockport. The daughter, 
Clarissa, is the wife of William Grover, of 
this place. 

Loring Grimes attended the public schools 
of Rockport for a time. Beginning at the 
age of twelve, he was engaged in various em- 
ployments until 1868, when he started in busi- 
ness for himself in Rockport. He then es- 
tablished a wholesale fish and oil business, 
which he has since successfully carried on. 
For several years he has been the president of 
the Rockport National ]5ank. He is also the 
president of the Cape Ann Isinglass Company 
at Rockport and a director severally of the 
Gloucester Safe Deposit and Trust Company, 
the Lanesville Granite Company, and the 
Sandy Bay Pier Company. 

On New Year's Day, 1867, in his 
twenty - seventh year, Mr. Grimes was 
united in marriage with Rebecca N. 
Rowe, who was born in Rockport, daughter of 
Amos and Rebecca N. Rowe. Her paternal 
great-grandfather, John Rowe, was a Major in 
the Revolutionary army; and two of his sons, 
one of them a Lieutenant, also fought for in- 
dependence. All three were at the battle of 
Bunker Hill. Mr. and Mrs. Grimes have one 
daughter, Clara R., the wife of T. T. Hunter 
Harwood, of Rockport, Mass. In politics Mr. 
Grimes is a Republican. He is a member 
both of the Masonic Society and the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows. 



(s^OIIN Q. ADAMS, M.D., of Ames- 
bury, a member of the Adams family 
of Ouincy, was born in Lawrence, this 
county, March 13, 1848. A son of Benjamin 
G. and Sophia (Nutter) Adams, his genealogy 



for three generations in this country is iden- 
tical with that of President John Ouincy 
Adams. The Rev. Joseph Adams, who was 
the grandson of the Rev. Henry Adams, an 
English clergyman, graduated from Harvard 
in 1 7 10, and was ordained in Newington, 
N.H., in 1715. He was pastor in that town 
for sixty-eight years, dying May 26, 1783. It 
will be seen that a part of the family went 
from Quincy and Braintree to New Hamp- 
shire, and later returned to Massachusetts. 
The Rev. Joseph Adams and his sons had 
large grants of land in New Hampshire, but 
were driven off by the Indians. The sons 
later retook possession of them. Joseph, sr.n 
of the Rev. Joseph Adams, was a practising 
physician of Barnstead, N. H. His son, 
Ebenezer, who was Dr. John O. Adams's 
great-grandfather, served throughout the Rev- 
olutionary War, and at the time of the surren- 
der of Cornwallis was far in the South. 
From there, with other Continentals, he 
walked home. It is inferred from the fact 
that he must have been a young man then. 
He died in Barnstead in 1832. 

James Adams, son of Ebenezer and the 
grandfather of Dr. Adams, spent his life on a 
farm in Barnstead. Though not a large man, 
he had remarkable muscular power, according 
to the many interesting tales told of his 
athletic feats. He was a leader in all sports, 
taking an interest in them even late in life; 
and he had no match in wrestling. It is re- 
lated of him that, long after he had passed 
middle age, he was challenged to wrestle by 
a young man. Going into the old muster 
field, they took their positions. The old 
gentleman placed his foot easily on his oppo- 
nent's shoulder, and, starting in that awkward 
position, easily threw his opponent. It is 
said that he could reach over backward and 
pick up a pin from the floor without touching 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



hands. Benjamin G. Adams went to Ports- 
mouth when in his teens, and there learned 
the ship-carpenter's trade. He was subse- 
quently employed in the mills in Lawrence, 
and was overseer in a room on the lower floor 
of the Pemberton Mill in February, iS6o, 
when the great disaster occurred. His knowl- 
edge of carpentry probably saved his life at 
that time. By the aid of an axe and a saw 
which were reached to him, he cut his way 
out; and with two sticks as support he 
reached home unassisted, though he was not 
able to stand again for si-x months. His wife, 
whose "maiden name was Nutter, was a mem- 
ber of an old New Hampshire family. They 
had three sons — George G., Frank H., and 
John Q. George G., now an architect in 
Lawrence, married Miss May S. Leslie. 
Frank H., who is a shoe manufacturer in 
Amesbury, married Miss Fannie Pike, of New 
Hampshire. 

After attending the Lawrence city schools 
and the Pittsfield Academy, John O. Adams 
studied for his degree at Harvard Medical 
School, and graduated at Bellevue Medical 
College, New York, in 1872. Starting in 
professional work in Lawrence, he practised 
there for five years, serving as city physi- 
cian for two years. In 1881 he located in 
Amesbury, where he now has a large and 
very successful practice. Dr. Adams is a 
member of the Massachusetts Medical Society 
and the North Essex Medical Association. 
While carefully keeping out of politics, he 
served on the Town Board of Health for a 
year. He is a member of Warren Lodge, F. 
& A. M., of Amesbury. 

In 1876 the Doctor was married to Miss 
Charlotte Morris, of Cheshunt, England. A 
musician of more than ordinary merit, she has 
led choirs in Catholic and Episcopal churches 
for a number of years. At present she is the 



leader of the choir in the Episcopal church in 
Amesbury. Her friends declare that she can 
sing all day without tiring her voice. Mr. 
and Mrs. Adams have two children: Charlotte 
F., a beautiful girl of fifteen, attending the 
high school; and Benjamin G., a lad of ten, 
in the intermediate school. 



<^»^» 




AMUEL G. SARGENT, the well- 
known real estate dealer of 
Methuen, son of Edmund and Betsy 
(Gile) Sargent, was born in Amesbury, now 
Merrimac, on April 3, 1827. The paternal 
grandfather, a cooper by trade, spent the 
latter part of his life in Vermont, engaged in 
farming, and died there at the advanced age 
of ninety years. He is buried near Barre, 
Vt. His wife, a Miss Patten, of Amesbury, 
before marriage, bore him twelve children, 
eight sons and four daughters. These, all 
now deceased, reared families, and lived to 
the age of seventy or more years. 

Edmund Sargent, who was born in Ames- 
bury in 1790, was in early life a grocer and 
by trade a cooper. Later he became inter- 
ested in agriculture, and for many years con- 
ducted a large farm. He was also engaged in 
brickmaking. In the early part of his life, he 
lost considerable property through too much 
kindness of heart. At his death, however, 
which occurred in this place in 1880, he left 
a comfortable fortune to his heirs, as well as 
the record of an honorable and useful life. 
His wife, Betsy, a native of Alfred, Mc, and 
a daughter of Richard Gile, died in Methuen 
in 1876. They came to this town from Ames- 
bury in 1835. Both were devout and earnest 
members of the Congregational church. Of 
their children, four sons and five daughters, 
all of whom attained maturity, four are liv- 
ing. These are: Samuel G. , the subject of 



92 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



this sketch ; Lucy, who is the wife of Joseph 
Fulton, of Sunapce, N.H. ; Calvin Sargent, 
who resides in Methuen ; and Nathan B., a 
teacher in West Boxford, Mass. The other 
children were: Sarah, who died at the age of 
twenty-three; Lodicy J., who died at the age 
of forty-four; Betsy J. Laney, who died in 
1881, aged sixty-five; Mary J. Ilibbard, who 
died in Montreal, leaving two daughters and 
two sons, one of the latter being now a lawyer 
in Pittsfield, Mass. ; and Edmund P. Sargent, 
who died in Methuen, aged si.xty-eight years. 

Samuel G. Sargent attended the district 
schools of Methuen. He subsequently gradu- 
ated at Atkinson Academy, after which he 
taught school in Methuen and elsewhere. 
Many persons recall with pleasure his able 
and energetic management of the Methuen 
Grammar School, of which he was the master 
for thirteen years. In 1S69 he was appointed 
Postmaster of the village, which office he sub- 
sequently held for si.xteen years. During the 
past twenty years he has been interested in 
the real estate business, and has done con- 
siderable probate work in settling estates. 
He has bought and sold a large amount of real 
estate in Methuen and vicinity, and owns sev- 
eral places at jirescnt, is a director of the 
Broadway Savings Bank and a stockholder of 
the Methuen Bank. 

Mr. Sargent was married in 1S57, Novem- 
ber 27, to Sarah W. I'2merson, of Methuen, 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah W. (Clement) 
Emerson. Of their seven children, Edward 
died at the age of eight; Alice, at the age of 
seven; Annie, at the age of five; and May, 
who was a teacher of much promise, at the age 
of twenty-two. The others are: Sarah, who 
is the wife of William McGonagle, a jiromi- 
nent railroad official living in Duluth, Minn., 
and has two sons and one daughter; Charles, 
yet unmarried, and at i)rcsent in the Klondike 



gold region, who is a man of remarkable phy- 
sique, standing six feet two inches high, and 
correspondingly proportioned; and l^essie, the 
youngest daughter, who is a student in Mount 
Holyoke Seminary at South Hadley, Mass. 
Mr. Sargent is a member of the grange. In 
politics he is a Republican, and in religious 
faith he is a Congregationalist. He has been 
one of the Deacons of the Congregational 
church for some time. His residence at 5 
Tremont Street, which was built in 1869, 
stands on a lot measuring about one acre and 
containing a fine apple orchard. A man of 
remarkably good health from his birth, reckon- 
ing from when he was sick of measles at the 
age of seven, he did not require the services of 
a physician for sixty years. Since he recov- 
ered from an attack of the "grippe" in i8g6, 
his health has been unimpaired np to the pres- 
ent time, and it bids fair to continue so for 
many years to come. 




HARLES U. 15ELL, who has been 



for the past five years city solicitor 
of Lawrence, Mass., was born in 
Exeter, N.H., February 26, 1S43, son of the 
Hon. James and Judith A. (Upliam) Bell. 
On the paternal side he is of Scotch-Irish 
stock. His immigrant ancestor, John Bell, 
was one of the early settlers of Londonderry, 
N.H., arriving there in 1720. 

John Bell, Jr., born in Londonderry, N. H., 
son of John and his wife, Elizabeth, who was 
a sister of Colonel Andrew Todd, was the 
father of Samuel Bell, LL. D., grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch. Samuel Bell was 
a Dartmouth graduate, class of 1793, a mem- 
ber of the New Hampshire bar, and Justice of 
the Sujireme Court of the .State. He was 
Governor of New Hampshire four successive 
years, being first elected in 18 19; and he was 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



93 



twelve years a United States Senator from 
New Hampshire. He married first Mehitable 
Dana, who bore him five children. She 
dying, he married Lucy Smith, by whom he 
had four sons and five daughters. These all 
attained maturity. The Hon. Samuel Bell 
died at his home in Chester, N.H., in 1850, 
aged eighty. His eldest son, Samuel D. 
Bell, was Justice and Chief Justice of the 
New Hampshire Supreme Court. 

James Bell, son of the Hon. Samuel and 
Mehitable (Dana) Bell, was born in Frances- 
town, Hillsboro County, N.H., November 13, 
1S04. A graduate of Bowdoin, he, too, was a 
member of the New Hanipsliire bar. He 
began to practise at Gilmanton Iron Works, 
and a few years later, in 1832, went to E.xe- 
ter. In 1847 he settled permanently in Gil- 
ford (now Laconia), N.H. An able lawyer, 
he established a good reputation, and accumu- 
lated a competency. In 1855 he was elected 
to the United States Senate. He died on 
May 27, 1857. About 1S32 he was married 
to Judith, daughter of Nathaniel and Judith 
(Cogswell) Upham, of Rochester, N.H. Na- 
thaniel Upham, who was born in Dcerfield, 
N.H., was a prominent merchant and a mem- 
ber of Congress. His father was the Rev. 
Nathaniel Upham, a well-known and highly 
respected Congregational clergyman. The 
Hon. James and Mrs. Bell had a family of five 
children, namely: Mary, widow of Nathaniel 
G. White, of Northampton, N.H.; Eliza U., 
in Exeter, at the home of her parents; Lucy, 
in the same place; James D., an extensive 
farmer of Hawthorn, Fla., where he settled 
twenty years ago; and Charles U., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. James D. Bell has one 
son, Frank U. 

Charles U. Bell was graduated at Bowdoin 
College in a class of forty in 1863. He stud- 
ied law with his cousin, Charles H. Bell, of 



Exeter, and took a course in the Harvard Law 
School. In February, 1866, he was admitted 
to the bar of Rockingham County at Exeter. 
For five years he conducted an independent 
practice in Exeter. In November, 1871, he 
moved to Lawrence, and engaged in practice 
as a member of the firm of White & Bell. 
His partner, Nathaniel G. White, who had 
married Mr. Bell's sister, was a man of prom- 
inence in the legal profession, and was presi- 
dent of the Boston & Maine system some 
fifteen years. He died in 188S. In 1878 Mr. 
Bell became a member of the firm of Sherman 
& Bell, which was in existence about ten 
years. His partner, Edgar J. Sherman, was 
in 1 888 appointed Judge of the Superior 
Court, and is still acting in that capacity. 
From the time of Mr. Sherman's appointment 
until 1897 Mr. Bell was without an associate. 
He then took as partner Mr. Fred H. Eaton, 
a recent graduate from the Boston Law 
School. Mr. Bell has been very successful in 
his professional work. He is a prominent 
member of the Republican party, and has been 
honored with nomination as Mayor. He has 
served in the Common Council of the city; 
and he is one of the commission of three ap- 
pointed to revise, consolidate, and arrange the 
Public Statutes of the Commonwealth. He 
has been for several years a member of the 
Board of Overseers of Bowdoin College, and 
he is one of the trustees of Brewster Free 
Academy. He is a trustee of the Essex 
Savings Bank. An upright lawyer and a 
business man whose integrity is unblemished, 
he has the confidence and esteem of all who 
know him. 

On November 21, 1873, he was married to 
Helen M. Pitman, of Laconia, N.H., daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Charlotte A. (Parker) Pit- 
man (both deceased). Mrs. Bell died March 
26, 18S2, leaving four children: Alice L., 



94 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



who was three years in Smith College, now at 
home; Mary W. , who has been three years in 
Smith College; Joseph P., a Junior of Bow- 
doin College; and Helen P., in the Lawrence 
High School. Mr. Bell was married April 
lO, 1883, to Elizabeth W. Pitman, sister of 
his first wife. He has a pleasant home at 1 17 
Jackson Street, into which he moved soon 
after his first marriage. At the time of the 
war he was a volunteer in the Forty-second 
Massachusetts Infantry, a hundred-day regi- 
ment. He is a Grand Army man, and was in 
1888 Commander of Needham Post, No. 39. 
Mr. Bell has been a Deacon of Trinity Con- 
gregational Church for twenty years. 



(^OHN F. JACKSON, dealer in furni- 
ture and undertaking goods in George- 
town, was born in this town, January 
9, 1853, son of Caleb Spofford and Hannah 
(Foster) Jackson. His grandfather was Caleb 
Jackson, a prosperous farmer and a lifelong 
resident of Rowley, Mass. 

Caleb Spofford Jackson was born in Row- 
ley, September 25, 1823. His trade was that 
of a shoemaker, and he followed it in George- 
town until his death, which occurred in 1876. 
His wife, Hannah Foster, whom he married 
in May, 1850, was born in Georgetown, and 
was a daughter of John and Hannah (Clark) 
Foster. She is still living. 

John F. Jackson was educated in the com- 
mon and high schools of Georgetown. He 
served a thorough apprcnticeshijD to the shoe- 
maker's trade, and was employed as a journey- 
man by Little & Moulton for ten years, the 
Little & Co. Corporation for one year, and 
A. B. Noyes & Co. for three years. He also 
worked upon ladies' fine footwear in Haver- 
hill, Mass. In 1887 he purchased the furni- 
ture, upholstery, and undertaking business 



of H. P. Noyes, Georgetown, and has since 
conducted that establishment with satisfactory 
financial results. 

On June 28, 1888, Mr. Jackson was united 
in marriage with Lucy R. Goodwin, daughter 
of Josiah and Sarah (Merrill) Goodwin, of 
this town. He has three children, namely: 
Ardelle May, born May 27, 1889; Richmond 
Merrill, born August 12, 1894; and Herbert 
Andrews, born May 24, 1898. 

Mr. Jackson is a member of Protection 
Lodge, No. 147, I. O. O. F. ; Bethany Lodge, 
No. 105, Daughters of Rebecca; and of Pen- 
tucket Lodge, No. 73, Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. He is a Deacon of the 
Peabody Memorial Church, in which he was 
superintendent of the Sunday-school for ten 
years; and he is at the present time acting as 
secretary and treasurer. In politics he is a 
Republican, but has never sought public 
office. 



-fgTARTWELL SUMNER FRENCH, 
r^rl an esteemed and highly respected 
J-^ \^ ^ resident of Lynn and for several 
years past its Tax Collector and Treasurer, 
was born June 17, 1S39, in Turner, Me., the 
birthplace of his father, Sumner French. He 
is of English ancestry, the P'rench family 
having been first represented in Massachusetts 
by three brothers of lliat name, who came 
from England to this country in 1631. The 
father was one of the leading agriculturists of 
Turner for the larger part of his active career. 
He married Nancy Reynolds, who was born in 
Brockton, Mass. Her grandfather and great- 
grandfather, both named Ichabod Reynolds, 
were soldiers in the Revolutionary army. 

Hartwell Sumner French acquired his edu- 
cation in the district schools of his native 
town and in the academies of Hebron and 
Lewiston F"alls. He subsequently taught 




HAKTWELL S. FRENCH. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



97 



school and assisted in the labors of the farm 
for two years. On September lo, 1862, in 
Portland, Me., he enlisted in Company D, 
Twenty-third Maine Volunteer Infantry. 
After nine months of service he was mustered 
out at Portland, July 5, 1863. On the six- 
teenth day of the following December he re- 
enlisted at Augusta in the Twenty-ninth 
Maine Volunteer Infantry, in which he subse- 
quently served as Second Lieutenant, F'irst 
Lieutenant, and Captain. In the spring of 
1864 he participated in the Red River expedi- 
tion and in the engagements at Sabine Cross- 
roads, Pleasant Hill, and Kane River Cross- 
ing. In July, 1864, the corps to which his 
regiment was attached was ordered to Wash- 
ington, D.C. ; and later in the season he took 
an active part in the Shenandoah campaign, 
under General Sheridan, being in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar 
Creek. On June 29, 1865, the Twenty-ninth 
Maine Regiment was sent to Savannah, Ga., 
and thence to Georgetown, S.C. Later it 
served for three months in Kingstree, S.C, 
Captain French being appointed to Provost 
Marshal duty. In September, 1865, he was 
made Assistant Commissary of Musters in the 
Department of the Carolinas, a capacity in 
which he served until July 12, 1S66, when he 
was mustered out of the service. On return- 
ing North, Captain French came almost im- 
mediately to Lynn, where for the ensuing 
seventeen years he was employed in the shoe 
business, first with 13. V. Doak & Co. and 
later with the firm of J. S. Bartlett & Co. In 
July, 1885, he was elected Treasurer and Col- 
lector of Taxes for the city of Lynn, to fill 
the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of 
B. F. Peach. Less than a month after, on 
August 5, he assumed the duties of his re- 
sponsible position. At the close of his first 
term, having given general satisfaction, he 



was re-elected to the office, and has been 
honored with a re-election every year since. 
He has been a director of the Lynn Safe and 
Deposit Trust Company since its organiza- 
tion. 

In politics Mr. French is a stanch Republi- 
can and an active worker in the party. He 
is a member of the Lynn Republican Club, 
and was chairman of the Republican City 
Committee in 1883 and 18S4. In 1877 he 
was an Alderman, and in 1881 and 1882 he 
was a Representative to the State legislature, 
serving on the Committee on Military Affairs 
and as chairman of the Labor Committee. 
He is also a member of the Oxford Club and 
the Park Club; of the General Lander Post, 
No. 5, G. A. R. ; of the Abraham Lincoln 
Lodge, K. of P. ; of the Lynn Board of Trade ; 
and he was the president of the Massachusetts 
and Maine Veteran Association in 1895. 
The first of his two marriages was contracted 
June 17, 1873, with Miss Abbie R. Barrel!, 
who died in September, 1882. The second, 
on November 11, 1884, united him with Miss 
Josephine Tufts, of Lynn, who has one child, 
Dorothy French. 



;s^OHN PAGE BATES, a retired farmer 
of Danversport, Mass., was born near 
his present home, November 4, 1829, 
son of John and Martha (Page) Bates. The 
grandfather died in Dedham when his son 
John was a child. His widow married for her 
second husband Mr. Fale.s, of Dedham. John 
Bates worked in the Danvers Iron Works for 
some years. After marrying he settled on the 
farm now owned by his son John P., where 
he lived for the rest of his life. He died No- 
vember 4, 1890, in the ninety-fourth year of 
his age, his wife having passed away several 
years previously. He was an extensive 



98 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



grower of Danvers onions, then the best 
known variety in the market. Mis farm pro- 
duced from one thousand to twelve hundred 
barrels of this article yearly. He was a Uni- 
tarian in his religious opinions, his wife, 
Martha, being a Baptist. They had six chil- 
dren, namely: Edward W., who was the cap- 
tain of a packet steamer running from San 
Francisco to the Sandwich Islands, and who 
was lost at sea about 1852, with his vessel and 
all on board; Albert A., who lives in Dan- 
versport ; John Page, whose name appears at 
the head of this sketch; Martha E., who mar- 
ried Andrew J. Elliott, of Salem; Ellen M., 
who became the wife of Francis Dodge, of 
Danvers; and William, who died at the age of 
ten years. 

John Page, the third child of his parents, 
has resided since birth upon his father's farm, 
which he has continued to improve, growing 
vegetables and garden produce. He is a Re- 
publican, but takes no active part in politics 
beyond casting his vote. March 26, 1854, he 
married Miss Adeline W. Pickett, daughter of 
Joseph and Prances Pickett. She died No- 
vember 16, 1889, leaving four children, 
namely: John Henry, who resides with his 
parents; William E., a contractor, who died 
in Salem, Mass., at the age of thirty-seven, 
leaving three children — Carlton, Adeline, 
and Page; Frank, a policeman of Salem, who 
has two children — P'rederick and Mildred; 
and Joseph E., a mason of Danversport. 




L151:RT CLARK, a retired contractor 
and builder of Rockport, was born at 
Sandy Bay, April 28, 18 16, son of 
Henry and Sally (Lane) Clark. The family 
is an old one in this locality. Henry Clark, 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
served in both the army and navy during the 



Revolutionary War, and was lost on the pri- 
vateer "Gloucester" in 1776. Henry Clark, 
Albert Clark's father, was born in Rockport, 
P"ebruary 15, 1772, and for many years was 
engaged in the fishing industry at Cape Ann. 

Albert Clark in his youth attended public 
and private schools. At the age of sixteen he 
began his apprenticeship to the carpenter's 
trade with Jacob Dodge, of Wenham, Mass. 
Upon attaining his majority he returned to 
Rockport, where he worked at his trade as a 
journeyman for some time. P'inally estab- 
lishing himself in business as a contractor, he 
was prominently identified with building oper- 
ations in this section for many years, or until 
his retirement, which took place several years 
ago. 

Mr. Clark contracted the first of his two 
marriages with Ora Norwood, daughter of 
Charles and Susannah Norwood, of Rockport. 
Of that union were born three children, two 
of whom — Charles H. and Albert F. — are 
still living, both being residents of this town. 
His present wife, whom he married in 1S66, 
was in maidenhood Mary L. Lakeman, daugh- 
ter of Daniel D. and liliza (Shepard) Lake- 
man, of Hallowell, Me. Mrs. Clark's mater- 
nal grandfather, Levi Shepard, of Salisbury, 
and one of her great-grandfathers, James 
Lord, third, of Ipswich, were both Revolu- 
tionary soldiers, the latter serving as a Lieu- 
tenant in the battle of Bunker Hill. Mrs. 
Clark is therefore eligible for membership in 
the Society of Daughters of the American 
Revolution, for which she has made applica- 
tion. 

Mr. Clark has five grandchildren and seven 
great-grandchildren. He has long been inter- 
ested in all matters relating to public educa- 
tion, and under the old district-school system 
he served upon the School Committee. He is 
a member of Granite Lodge, I. O. O. F., of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



99 



which he is Past Noble Grand, and the only 
surviving member who was present at its 
organization in 1848. He and Mrs. Clark 
attend the Universalist church. They occupy 
a iileasantly located residence overlooking the 
ocean, and are highly esteemed in social 
circles. 




lEWIS GARRISON HOLT, ice dealer 
of Lawrence, Mass., has been promi- 
nent for a number of years in this 
vicinity as a business man and a member of 
society. He was born in Andover, Mass., 
November 15, 1839, son of Jonas and Pamelia 
Porter (Fry) Holt. He is of the eighth gen- 
eration in descent from Nicholas Holt, the 
immigrant, who arrived in Boston in June, 
1635, lived for some years at Newbury, Mass., 
and about 1645 settled in what is now An- 
dover. 

In the first company that went from Andover 
to join the Revolutionary army were fifteen 
men named Llolt, and one was Captain of the 
company. Ezekiel Holt, Lewis G. Holt's 
great-grandfather, lived and died on a farm in 
Andover quitclaimed to him by the heirs. 
This farm was in the family until 1873. The 
original house, erected by a Holt, is still 
standing. 

Isaac Holt, grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in this house in 1773. 
A farmer and cooper, he made a number of 
water barrels for vessels. He died at the age 
of seventy. He was married in the house 
where he was born to Abigail Blunt, a member 
of an old Andover family which settled in that 
town shortly after the Holts. Ezekiel Holt 
and his wife had ten children, who all 
attained maturity. There were si.\ sons 
and four daughters. One daughter and all 
the sons married. The youngest of the 



family, Warren Holt, went to California 
in 1865. He was an educator, and for 
some time he managed a military school in 
New Jersey. 

Jonas Holt, son of Isaac, was born at the 
ancestral homestead in Andover, in December, 
1800. He, too, was a cooper and farmer, and 
spent his days on the old farm. He died in 
the fall of 1869, aged nearly seventy. His 
wife was a descendant of Colonel James Frye, 
who fought in the battle of Bunker Hill. The 
Andover company was in his regiment. He 
served throughout the Revolutionary War, and 
was one of Washington's trusted officers. 
Mrs. Pamelia P. Holt died in 1868, aged 
sixty-two. She had been the mother of nine 
sons and one daughter. Two of the sons died 
young. The rest attained maturity, were mar- 
ried, and all but one had children. The 
eldest son, Warren E. Holt, served through- 
out the Civil War. He went to the front in 
the Fourteenth Massachusetts Regiment of 
Infantry, which was changed early in 1862 to 
the First Heavy Artillery. A man of fine 
physicjue, tall and broad-shouldered, and with 
intrepid courage, he was a shining mark for 
the foe. At Spottsylvania his hat was pierced 
by two bullet-holes, his canteen by three, and 
his clothing riddled; but not a drop of his 
blood was spilled. He lived to be nearly 
si.xty years old, and, dying, left two sons and 
two daughters. His brother, Horace P., died 
in the prime of life, leaving a widow, who be- 
came the wife of his brother Albert. Si.x of 
the family are living, namely: Brooks Frye 
Holt, in the ice business in Andover; Lewis 
G. ; Albert N., manager of a summer resort 
house in North Andover; Albion F"rancis, a 
druggist in Lawrence; Charles Abbee Holt, 
M.D., in Buenos Ayres, Argentine Republic, 
a graduate of Harvard Medical College; and 
Caroline C, widow of James Fleming, in 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Tewksbury, Mass. Dr. Charles A. Holt's 
wife and son reside in Lawrence. Mrs. Flem- 
ing has three sons, two daughter.s, and fifteen 
grandchildren. 

Lewis Garrison Holt was reared on the farm 
in Andover, and educated in that town. In 
1861 he enlisted in the same comjwny with 
his brother Warren E., and he served in the 
ranks three years and two months. At Cold 
Harbor on June 3, 1864, he was seriously 
wounded by a niinic ball in the neck. A 
slight deviation in the course of the ball 
would have caused it to enter the spinal col- 
umn with fatal result. Mr. Holt has been 
engaged in business since he was seventeen 
years old. On January i, 1873, he sold the 
family homestead in Andover, which had been 
owned and occupied by Holts for over two and 
a quarter centuries, and removed to Lawrence. 
Here he embarked in the ice business with his 
brother Brooks; and in 1886 they formed a 
stock company, Mr. Lewis G. Holt being 
made secretary and treasurer. The company 
has a flourishing business, owning twelve ice- 
houses on the Merrimac River in Lawrence 
and ten in Methuen on Mystic Pond. They 
retail some thirty thousand tons of ice annu- 
ally. Mr. Holt is a trustee of the Pacific 
National Bank and a trustee of the Lawrence 
Savings Bank. 

He was married November 10, 1869, to 
Emily A. Jenkins, of Bradford, Mass., daugh- 
ter of Albert and Nancy (Giles) Jenkins. 
Four children have been born of this union. 
The eldest son, Louis Albert, is cashier of the 
ice comi)any. He has a wife and a charming 
boy. The second son, Edgar Garrison (named 
for William Lloyd Garrison), a youth of si.x 
feet two, is in the class of 1900 in Princeton 
College. The youngest living, Ernest Le- 
Koy, a boy of nineteen, six feet three inches 
in height, is a student in Phillips Academy, 



Andover. The other son, Arthur Brooks, 
lived but twenty-six months. 

Mr. Holt was Selectman and Overseer of 
the Poor in Andover. In Lawrence he was 
four years Postmaster under Harrison, was two 
years on the Common Council, three years on 
the School Committee, and is now chairman of 
the Board of License Commissioners. A 
prominent Knight Templar,he has been Senior 
Warden and Generalissimo in the Command- 
ery. He is Past Commander of Needhani 
Post, No. 39, G. A. R. ; and he was twelve 
years payma.ster of the Sixth Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Militia, holding the rank of Lieuten- 
ant under three colonels in succession. In 
religious belief he is a Universalist. 



(gTr-LFRED W. ALLYN, formerly a suc- 
liiiA cessful builder and contractor of 
/"Jlij^^ Lawrence, was born April 2, 1824, 
in Boston, Mass., son of David Allyn. The 
paternal grandfather, Jacob Allyn, born Au- 
gust 5, 1757, died in Seekonk, R.I., in 1813. 
His widow subsequently removed with her 
family to Pennsylvania, where she lived to a 
ripe old age. The father, born in Seekonk, 
August 15, 1785, who died in Chelsea, Mass., 
in 1861, lived in Boston during a part of his 
early life. Shortly after his marriage with 
Elizabeth McAllister, who was a daughter of 
a master mariner named Symonds, he removed 
to one of the suburban agricultural towns, 
and there carried on farming throughout the 
remainder of his life. He was an industri- 
ous and well-to-do husbandman, though not 
considered wealthy. Of the four sons reared 
by him, two sons are living — David and 
Thorndike. David resides with his widowed 
sister-in-law, Mrs. Caroline C. Allyn. Thorn- 
dike lives in Chelsea. The mother, after 
surviving the father some time, died at the 




ALFRED \V. ALLVN. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



103 



home of her son, Alfred VV. , in Lawrence, 
in 1876. 

Alfred VV. Allyn learned the carpenter's 
trade in Chelsea, Mass. Subsequently, in 
1846, after working for a while in different 
towns, he settled permanently in Lawrence 
with his bride. In November of that year he 
bought an acre of land on Clover Hill, paying 
twelve hundred dollars for the house and 
grounds. There were then but four houses on 
the hill. On land which he afterward pur- 
chased he used to pasture his cows and raise 
garden vegetables. His first contract in Law- 
rence was the building of a fine residence for 
John Graves, on the estate more recently 
owned by the late John Fallon. Soon after 
he became the junior member of the firm 
Briggs & Allyn, which carried on a substan- 
tial business during the rest of his life. 

On April 28, 1846, Mr. Allyn married Miss 
Caroline C. Chandler, a daughter of Samuel 
and Sarah (Dickerman) Chandler, of Canton, 
Mass. Mr. Chandler was a lifelong farmer of 
Canton, where his birth occurred March 4, 
1784, and his death April 14, 1874. He was 
a prominent member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, having been Master of his lodge; and at 
his death he was buried with Masonic honors. 
His wife, who was born July ig, 1785, died 
June 3, 1852. She reared six daughters, of 
whom Mrs. Allyn, the fifth child, is the only 
survivor. Two other daughters married, one 
of whom, at her demise, left two daughters. 
Lewis Chandler, an uncle of Samuel Chand- 
ler, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. 
Of Mr. Allyn's three children, one died in in- 
fancy. Those living are: Mary and Warren 
C. Mary married Warren F. Taylor, resides 
on Clover Hill, and has five children. War- 
ren married Miss Abbie Doland, and has one 
son, Alfred W. Allyn, a promising young 
man of nineteen years, now in school. Mr. 



Allyn, Sr., died on January 9, 1894. Mrs. 
Allyn has occupied her present home since 
1858. The two acres of ground surrounding 
it are laid out with a variety of ornamental 
and fruit trees and a handsome flower garden, 
which is well taken care of by her brother-in- 
law, David Allyn, who delights in garden- 
ing. Mr. and Mrs. Allyn were among the 
founders of the Lawrence Street Congrega- 
tional Church, which has recently celebrated 
its fiftieth anniversary. She is now the only 
survivor of the founders. 



OHN CLARKSON HOUGHTON, 
librarian of the Lynn Public Library, 
was born in this city, July i, 1823, a 
son of Cyrus Houghton. His father was 
born in Harvard, Worcester County, Mass., 
on a farm that had been in the possession of 
the Houghton family for si.x generations, his 
ancestors as far back as the records extend 
having been agriculturists. Cyrus Houghton 
married Miss Elizabeth S. Martin, who was 
born in Marblehead, Mass., but removed to 
Lynn in early life. They reared five chil- 
dren; namely, Harriet C, John C, Cyrus 
W. , S. Ellen, and George H. 

Mr. Houghton was educated in the public 
schools of Lynn and at the Wesleyan Acad- 
emy, Wilbraham, Mass., and began the active 
duties of life as a teacher, engaging in that 
profession in Lynn for six years. In 1855 he 
entered a shoe factory, and for the next 
twenty-two years he was engaged in the shoe 
business, being connected with Lynn firms. 
He has always held a rank among the leading, 
public-spirited, and useful citizens of the 
place, and has devoted himself to its interests 
and advancement. In 1858 he was a member 
of the Common Council, and from 1863 till 
1870 was one of the School Committee, one 



I04 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



year of the time being secretary of the board. 
For ten years, from 1858 to 1868, he was on 
the Pine Grove Cemetery Commission. He 
belongs to the Lynn Historical Society, and 
he has been one of the most enthusiastic 
members of the Exploring Circle of Lynn 
ever since its formation in 1850. 

In politics Mr. Houghton is a faithful ad- 
herent of the Republican party. He repre- 
sented Lynn in the State legislature in 1865 
and in 1867, serving as a member of the 
Educational Committee in the first term, and 
the last term as one of the Committee on 
Roads and Bridges. In 1877 he was chosen 
to his present responsible position, for which 
his literary qualifications and administrative 
ability eminently fit him: and he has since 
filled the office with credit to himself and to 
the honor of the city. Previous to being ap- 
pointed librarian, he had served as one of the 
trustees of the library for fourteen years, or 
from the date of its organization, making 
thirty-four consecutive years for which he has 
been connected with this institution. When 
sixteen years old he united with the South 
Street Methodist Church, of which he is a 
trustee, and for fifty-eight years has been one 
of its active and valued members. 

Mr. Houghton married June 5, 1850, Miss 
Susan Maria Tufts, of Lynn, a daughter of 
Deacon Richard Tufts. Mr. and Mrs. Hough- 
ton have had four children, of whom but one, 
Rodney W. Houghton, is now living. 



[^ATITANIEL RICHARDSON, Jr., 
the treasurer of the Rockport Savings 

L^ V^ ^ Bank, was born in Rockport, Sep- 
tember 3, 1840, son of the Rev. Nathaniel 
and Martha P. (Tarr) Richardson. The Rich- 
ardsons are of English origin, and are con- 
nected with the Peregrine White stock. The 



Rev. Nathaniel Richardson, a Congregational 
clergyman, who was also a native of Rockport, 
died December 3, 1896, aged ninety years. 
His wife's grandfather, Jabez Tarr, was a 
Revolutionary soldier, and participated in the 
battle of Bunker Hill. 

Nathaniel Richardson, Jr., acquired his 
education in the different towns of New Eng- 
land to which his father was called during 
his educational ])eriod. When he was twenty- 
one years of age he returned to Rockport to 
live. From here on P'ebruary 26, 1864, he 
enlisted for service in the Civil War. He 
was enrolled in Company G, Fifty-ninth 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, which regi- 
ment was incorporated with the Ninth Army 
Corps, Army of the Potomac. During the 
year he spent in the service he took part in 
the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
Cold Harbor, and some minor engagements, 
and was promoted to the rank of Corporal. 
]?y that time the hardships of army life had 
undermined his health to such an extent that 
he was discharged for disability. On return- 
ing to civil life he was unable to work for 
some time. When his health began to mend, 
he engaged as clerk for an uncle named Will- 
iam Pickett, who was in trade in Waterbury, 
Conn., and with whom he remained about two 
years. He was then for two years a clerk for 
Daniel A. Wheeler, of Rockport, and a clerk 
in the Rockport Granite Company's store for 
three years. Then for twenty-two years he 
was in the grocery business in Rockport. In 
1885 a savings institution, called the Granite 
Savings Bank, was started in connection with 
the grocery store, and Mr. Richardson was 
elected its treasurer. In the spring of 1S95 
he closed up his grocery business, since which 
he has given his whole attention to the busi- 
ness of the bank. 

October 2, 1878, Mr. Richardson was mar- 



^' 



^ 








/ 
f 



NATHANIEL RICHARDSON. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



107 



ried to Laura E. Witham, of Rockport, daugh- 
ter of the late William Witham. They have 
had four children, — Ethel M., Henry A., 
Elsie G., and Arthur S. Arthur S. Richard- 
son died in 1884. A Republican in politics, 
Mr. Richardson represented Ruckport in the 
General Court of Massachusetts in 1881. For 
two years he was the secretary of the Rockport 
Board of Selectmen, and he is now serving 
his fourth year on the School Committee. An 
esteemed comrade of O. W. Wallace Post, No. 
106, G. A. R., he has been Commander of 
the post for one year. He is also a member 
of the Order of the Golden Cross. The Rock- 
port Baptist church has had the advantage of 
his services in the capacity of treasurer for 
twenty-eight years and in that of superintend- 
ent of the Sunday-school for eighteen years. 



TT^HESTER W. SCOTT, M.D.. who has 
I ly been a practising physician in Law- 

^i^ ^ rence twenty-seven years and more, 
was born in Barre, Washington County, Vt., 
November 10, 1832. His j^arents were the 
Rev. Nathan W. and Dorothy Bean (Phillips) 
Scott. His paternal grandparents, Luther and 
Esther (Whitney) Scott, were natives of Ver- 
mont, and lived in Hartford, Windsor County, 
that State, for a number of years. 

Luther Scott was engaged in farming in 
summer and mending brass utensils and mak- 
ing brass pins in winter. He died at the age 
of sixty-two, his widow at the age of eighty- 
four. They are buried in Greensboro, Vt. 
Of the twelve children born to them, eleven 
attained maturity and reared families; and 
for fifty-four years their number was not 
diminished by death. The first to pass away 
was Rachel Ames, who reached the age of 
fifty-four years. Stephen died at the age of 
ninety-two, Luther at eighty-seven, John at 



eighty-three. Elihu, who was the last sur- 
vivor of the family, was eighty-three at the 
time of his decease. The maximum ages of 
the eleven children made a sum of seven hun- 
dred and eighty-five years, an average of over 
seventy-one years. Stephen had a family of 
nineteen children, and his brother Royal had 
fourteen. 

Nathan W. Scott was born in Hartford, Vt. , 
November 4, iSoi. He qualified for the 
ministry, and was engaged as a Methodist 
preacher for fifty years, his first regular charge 
being in Dorchester, Mass. He lived for a 
few years in New Hampshire and for an ex- 
tended period in Vermont. He died Novem- 
ber 8, 1885. On January 29, 1827, he was 
married to Dorothy Bean, daughter of Jonas 
Phillips, of Glover, Vt. She, like her hus- 
band, came of a long-lived family. Her 
mother attained the age of eighty-seven years, 
and her mother's mother one hundred and 
seven. Mrs. Scott died at the age of eighty- 
six, surviving her husband about nine years. 
She is buried with him in Glover, Vt. Seven 
children were born to them. One son died in 
infancy. The other children are located as 
follows: Wilber Fiske, in Glover, Vt. ; Ches- 
ter W. , in Lawrence; Martin Luther, M.D., 
in West Randolph, Vt. ; Nathan Merritt, in 
Barton, Vt. ; Dorothy Ann, wife of D. C. 
Scott, in Lebanon, N. H. ; and John Wesley, 
in St. Johnsbury, Vt. Dorothy Ann was 
married first to Andrew J. Moulton, who was 
killed in the Civil War, leaving her with one 
daughter; and she has another daughter by her 
present husband, Mr. Scott. 

Chester W. Scott spent the time between his 
ninth and sixteenth years on his father's farm 
in Greensboro, Vt. The Rev. Mr. Scott then 
sold the property; and the boy attended the 
academy a part of the year, dividing the rest 
of the time between work in the harvest field 



io8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



and teaching school. In his nineteenth year 
he began to study medicine with Drs. Darling 
and Houghton, at Lyndon, Vt. . He prepared 
for college at Pittsfield, Mass., and Wood- 
stock, Vt., and graduated March i, 1S54, 
from the HonKKopathic College of Pennsyl- 
vania at Philadelphia. He began to practise 
at Irasburg, Vt. After a term of six years 
there he went to Lyndon, Vt. , where he was 
associated with his old preceptor. Dr. C. P. 
Darling. Dr. Darling died within a short 
time, and Dr. Scott followed up his practice 
for eleven years in Lyndon. In December, 
1870, he opened an ofifice in Lawrence, Mass. 
His office is now at 25 Bradford Street. 
Dr. Scott has a large and successful practice, 
and is one of the most popular physicians in 
this vicinity. He has lived in his pleasant 
home here twenty-four years, having purchased 
the property in 1874. P'rom 1864 to 1866 
Dr. Scott was demonstrator of anatomy in his 
Alma Mater at Philadelphia; but the close 
confinement reduced his avoirdupois forty 
pounds, and brought on a chronic ailment 
which troubled him for twenty years. The 
summer of 1885 he spent abroad with Dr. 
E. R. Sisson, of New liedford, travelling 
through the British Isles and on the Conti- 
nent; and his health was much improved by 
the change. The Doctor's normal weight is 
about two hundred and nineteen pounds. 
Like his maternal and paternal ancestors, he 
is built on the broad-gauge jilan, [jhysically, 
mentally, and socially. 

Dr. Scott was married May 29, 1854, to 
Martha Colton, of Lyndon, Vt. She died in 
her native town in April, 1862, aged twenty- 
nine years. She left one daughter, Mary L. , 
who became the wife of John D. Morehouse, 
of Lawrence, Mass., and died at the age of 
twenty-eight, leaving one daughter. Dr. 
Scott's second wife was Violet E. Chamber- 



lain. She died November 5, 1S68, in Lyn- 
don, Vt., aged about twenty-nine. She bore 
him three children, one of whom dieil in in- 
fancy. The others are: Dana Wiiitney, who 
is married and lives in Lawrence; and Nora 
Hidden, wife of Melvin C. Poice, of Aber- 
deen, S. Dak. The present Mrs. Scott is 
Elizabeth, daughter of Moses Gilfillan, a 
farmer of Barnet, Vt. She is the mother of 
the following children: Etta Adele, wife of 
Oliver S. Warden, of Great Falls, Mont. ; 
Edward S. , who died of small-po.x at the age 
of two years and four months; and Walter, 
a young man of nineteen, a student in the In- 
stitute of Technology, Boston. In politics 
Dr. Scott is an independent Republican. He 
is a Master Mason. He and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 



FREDERICK BURNHAM, a well-known 
resident and native of Manchester, 
was born April 20, 1855, son of P'red- 
erick and Louisa (Goldsmith) Burnham, both 
now deceased. Abel Burnham, the father of 
Frederick, Sr., was born in Essex, Mass., 
where a number of generations of the family 
preceded him, the Burnhams being among the 
oldest residents of Essex. Frederick Burn- 
ham, Sr., was a native of Essex. In his in- 
fancy his parents removed to Gloucester, 
where he was reared and educated. When a 
young man he came to Manchester, where the 
rest of his life was passed, chiefly occupied in 
farming. His death occurred here in 1883. 
He was a public-si)irited citizen and a liberal 
contributor to church work, though a member 
of no church. In politics he was a Republi- 
can, and he served acceptably in town offices, 
including that of Collector. His wife, 
Louisa, a native of Manchester, was in her 
eightieth year when she died in December, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



109 



1897. Of their children, three are living, 
namely: Louise, the wife of Horace P. Lam- 
bert, of Salem, Mass. ; Esther, the wife of 
James K. Pulsifer, of Manchester, Mass. ; 
and Frederick, the subject of this sketch. 

Frederick ]?urnham acquired his education 
at the Manchester public schools and at a pri- 
vate school near here. He spent his boyhood 
on the home farm, where he gained a practical 
knowledge of agriculture, to which he has de- 
voted more or less of his time ever since. 
He possesses many sterling qualities of char- 
acter, is public-spirited in his views, and 
commands the confidence of his townsmen. 
For ten years he was a Highway Commis- 
sioner of Manchester, being for nine years of 
the time the chairman of the board; and he 
has served in minor town offices. He is a 
member of Magnolia Lodge, I. O. O. F., at 
Manchester. In 1876 he was married to 
Addie C. Dodge, a native of Beverly, Mass., 
and a daughter of Benjamin F. Dodge. Two 
sons and a daughter have been born to them 
— Arthur, Helen, and Benjamin F. Burnham. 




NDREW WALLACE PEABODY, 
well known in Middleton and adjoin- 
ing towns as a capable man of busi- 
ness, was born here. May 7, 183S, son of An- 
drew and Mary (Pettingil) Peabody. The 
Peabodys, who have lived in Middleton for 
four generations, are descended from Lieuten- 
ant Francis Peabody. The grandfather of 
Andrew W. , Captain Nathaniel Peabody, a 
lifelong resident of the town, built the house 
now owned by his grandson, one of the oldest 
in the village, but in good repair. His wife 
was Ruth Elliott Peabody. Andrew Pea- 
body, son of Captain Peabody, was reared to 
agricultural pursuits. He purchased a farm 
on the south side of Ipswich River, a mile 



distant from the old homestead, passed the 
rest of his days there in farming, and died at 
the age of si.xty-two. He married Mary Pet- 
tingil, of Salem, who died in 1882, at the age 
of eighty-two years. Her children were: Jesse 
W. , Andrew Wallace, and Eunice G. Eunice 
married Joseph Fletcher, and resides on the 
father's farm. 

Andrew Wallace Peabody, though brought 
up to be a farmer, has not confined his atten- 
tion to agriculture. He has been engaged in 
various enterprises throughout his active life, 
and always successfully. At one time he car- 
ried on a provision business. It was in that 
period of his career that he purchased a part of 
the Batchelder estate in the village, and there 
erected a fine set of buildings. This property 
he afterward e.xchanged for the Western 
homestead, one of the finest places in Essex 
County, pleasantly located on the shores of 
a beautiful lake. He has dealt quite exten- 
sively in live stock, especially since this last 
transaction ; and he has given some attention 
to the lumber business. He married Susan 
C. French, of Boston, who had one child, 
Helen Florence. Helen married Mr. G. 
Fuller, of Boston, and died at the age of 
twenty-three, leaving one child, Marion Fuller 
Peabody. The child was adopted by Mr. and 
Mrs. Peabody, and now attends school in Mid- 
dleton. Mr. Peabody is Republican in poli- 
tics, and has served his town very faithfully 
as Selectman, Overseer, and in other capaci- 
ties. 



OSEPH R. WILSON, an able and in- 
telligent agriculturist of Ipswich, 
Mass., was born April 16, 18 58, on 
the farm he now occupies, son of Henry Wil- 
son, Jr. This property, which formerly be- 
longed to the old Captain Appleton estate, 
was purchased in 1S45 by Henry Wilson, Sr., 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



the grandfather of Joseph R. The grand- 
father, born in Maine, was for many years 
prosperously engaged in the fish business, 
buying shiploads of fish obtained at Deer Is- 
land, Me., and sending them to different ports 
along the coast in exchange for West India 
goods. After living on the farm for a few 
years, he removed to North Beverly, where he 
lived to a very advanced age, retaining his 
vigor of mind and body to the last. He was 
but a day or two less than ninety-seven years 
old when he died, his funeral having taken 
place on April i, 1892, the ninety-seventh 
anniversary of his birth. 

Henry Wilson, Jr., a native of Maine, in- 
herited his father's farm. After retiring 
from the fish business, which he followed in 
early life, he carried on mi.xed husbandry 
until his demise, January 22, 1893, at the age 
of seventy-seven years. He married Lucy 
Patch, a daughter of Benjamin and Fanny 
(Brown) Patch, who owned the adjoining 
farm, and who there reared their three children 
— Lucy, Ephraim, and Jemima, the last named 
of whom did not marry. Henry Wilson, Jr., 
and his wife had seven children, namely: 
Lydia, who died at the age of forty, and was 
the wife of George Kimball; Lucy, who mar- 
ried George Gate, of Lynn, Mass., and died 
leaving two children; Martha, the wife of Al- 
bert Kimball, who died at a comparatively 
early age; Carrie, who died young, and was 
the wife of George Plummer, of Lynn; Mar- 
garet, who is the wife of E. K. Brown, of 
this town; Henry A., a grocer, in Newbury- 
port; and Joseph R. , the special subject of 
this sketch. The mother is still living, an 
active and bright woman of seventy-eight 
years. 

Joseph R. Wilson has been successfully en- 
gaged in agriculture from an early age, work- 
ing with characteristic industry and energy to 



improve his property. A man of much force 
of character and ever ready to support meas- 
ures designed to benefit his native town and 
county, he holds a firm position in the esteem 
of the community. He is a member of 
Agawam Lodge, No. 52, I. O. O. F., of Ips- 
wich; and of the Chebacco Tribe of Red Men. 
In politics he is a Republican, following 
faithfully in the footsteps of his father and 
grandfather, both of whom were adherents of 
that party. On November 8, 1893, he mar- 
ried Miss Annie Harold, of Maine. They 
have two children, namely: Arthur Harold, 
four and one-half years old; and Henry Ever- 
ett, two years old. 




LBRIDGE M. MORSE, a retired wood 
and lumber dealer, and a member of 
one of the most prominent families 
of Merrimac, was born here, January 31, 1819, 
on his present farm on Bear Hill. He is a 
descendant of Anthony Morse, who was born 
in Marlboro, Wiltshire, England, in 1608. 
Anthony, who came with the first settlers to 
Newbury, Mass., in 1635, died October 12, 
1 686. Deacon Benjamin Mor.se, son of An- 
thony, was born in Newbury in 1640, and be- 
came Deacon of the Second Church of that 
place, now the First Church of West New- 
bury. He married Ruth -Sawyer, whose son 
William, born January 23, 1674, was also a 
Deacon of the church for many years. Will- 
iam in 1696 married Sarah Merrill, and died 
March 10, 1749. His fourth son, Benjamin, 
boin August 8, 1703, was a Deacon of the 
church in his time. Benjamin married Mar- 
garet Bartlett on October 3, 1726, and re- 
moved to Amesbury, where he became a 
farmer. His large estate was divided among 
his four sons. John Morse, born June 21, 
1750, was the tenth child of Benjamin. His 




ELBRIDGE M. MORSE. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Hi 



wife, Patience Sargent Morse, made him the 
father of Benjamin Morse, who was the father 
of Elbridge M. Morse. Benjamin Morse, 
born June 24, 1782, lived on the old home- 
stead until about the time of his marriage, 
when he moved to the farm now owned by his 
son. In i8o8 he married Sally Nichols, who 
bore him three children. 

Elbridge M. Morse received the little edu- 
cation obtainable in those days at a school- 
house, twenty feet scjuare, into which some- 
times were crowded eighty scholars. In his 
younger days he worked on the farm. After- 
ward he dealt extensively in wood and lumber, 
doing a large business, especially in the 
former article, before coal was used in this 
section. He owns a large tract of land, beau- 
tifully situated on the southern bank of Lake 
Attitash, the lovely sheet of water made 
famous by the poet Whittier. On November 
2, 1846, he married Eliza Johnson, a daughter 
of William Johnson, of Johnson's Corner, now 
Mcrrimac. His children were: Mary F., who 
became a graduate optician, and is the wife of 
H. G. Hudson, of Amesbury; Etta M., who 
is a milliner of Merrimac ; Abby C, who 
married Wesley C. Howe, of Fitchburg, 
Mass. ; Benjamin, the youngest, who is a resi- 
dent of Cambridge, Neb. ; and two who died 
in infancy. Mrs. Morse died July 16, 1891. 

Mr. Morse is actively interested in public 
affairs, and has figured prominently in local 
politics for the past thirty-five years. He was 
a member of the Board of Selectmen during 
the Civil War, was Collector and Treasurer 
of the town for eleven years; and in the winter 
of 1S58-59 he represented the district in the 
General Court, having, among other able men, 
Caleb Gushing and Benjamin Butler for col- 
leagues. During that year two sessions were 
called on account of the revision of the 
statutes. After Merrimac was set off with a 



separate town government, Mr. Morse served 
three years on the Board of Selectmen, and 
was sent as delegate to various State and 
Senatorial conventions. He has been a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F. for many years. Al- 
though nearly eighty years of age, he is still 
vigorous and active, retaining to a remarkable 
degree his physical and mental endowments. 
He conies of a sturdy, long lived race, many 
members of which have lived in health and 
strength for twenty years beyond the allotted 
time of man. The family has had many gen- 
erations of respected. God-fearing men ; and, 
to quote what a pastor of the church has said 
of it, "It is as natural for Morses to be pious 
as for others to be vicious. " 




UGUSTUS NINIAN CLARK, a ven- 
erable and honored resident of Bev- 
erly, was born March 23, 181 1, in 
Hancock, Hillslioro County, N.H., son of 
Ninian Clark. His paternal grandfather, 
William Clark, was a son of Robert Clark, 
who emigrated from the north of Ireland to 
New England, and in 1725 became a pioneer 
settler of Londonderry, N.H. The father, 
who was born in New Boston, N.H., in 1769, 
died at his late homestead in Hancock, N. H., 
in 1844, aged seventy-five years. He married 
Sally Warner, a daughter of Warhani and 
Hannah (Ware) Warner and a lineal descend- 
ant of William Warner, who came from Eng- 
land to Massachusetts with the early settlers, 
and who prior to 1670 was enrolled as a citi- 
zen of Brookfield. Of Ninian Clark's eight 
children, two by his first wife and six by his 
second wife, Augustus N, is the sole survivor. 
Having been educated in the district 
schools of Hancock, Augustus N. Clark at 
the age of seventeen years came to Beverly, 
where he was engaged as a clerk in the dry- 



114 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



goods and apothecary store of William Endi- 
cott for four years. On attaining his major- 
ity he engaged in the business of druggist on 
his own account, following it until 1858. 
Then he became interested in the manufacture 
of machine leather belting as senior member 
of the firm A. N. Clark & Co. This, with 
other enterprises, kept him busily employed 
for twenty-five years, at the end of which he 
retired. For fourteen years he was the treas- 
urer of the Steam Gauge Company, and for fif- 
teen years he held a similar position in the 
United Nickel Company of New York, at the 
same time retaining his residence in Beverly. 
He is now a member of the Investing Com- 
mittee of the Beverly Savings Bank, which is 
a prosperous institution. 

A public-spirited man, Mr. Clark is inter- 
ested in the welfare of the community, and 
has been most generous in his contributions to 
the churches, both of Hancock and Beverly. 
He attends the Dane Street Congregational 
Church of Beverly, which he presented with a 
handsome chapel about two years ago, and in 
which he was musical director for several 
years. He has also been active in promoting 
the industries of the town, and has done much 
to increase its prosperity. In i86i he was a 
Representative to the State legislature. He 
was a Presidential elector in 1880, when he 
cast the vote of Massachusetts for General 
Garfield. Formerly he was a Whig in poli- 
tics, and in 1840 he espoused the anti-slavery 
cause, becoming a follower of Garrison and 
Phillips. Since the formation of the Repub- 
lican party he has been one of its firmest ad- 
herents. On August 23, 1838, he married 
Hitty, (laughter of Eben and Lydia (Ray) 
Smith. Of his four children, two died in 
childhood. Augustus, tlie fourth child, born 
in 1850, who was educated in the public 
schools of Beverly, the Andover Phillips 



Academy, and at the Institute of Technology 
in Boston, died in 1872, soon after com- 
ing of age. Mrs. Clark, too, passed away in 
May, 1888. The surviving child is a daugh- 
ter, who lives with her father. 




VERETT HENRY DUNBAR, of Lynn, 
an enterprising boot and shoe manu- 
facturer and retail dealer, was liorn 
in Brockton, Mass., June 8, 1845. His 
grandfather, Martin Dunbar, served as a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War. His par- 
ents, Hiram and Lydia Weston (Dickerman) 
Dunbar, were natives of Brockton. The 
father, who was a well-known shoemaker of 
Brockton, died there, October 20, 1878, aged 
fifty-seven years. 

Leaving the public schools when he was 
twelve years old, Everett Henry Dunbar 
began to learn shoemaking. In 1862 he came 
to Lynn, where he found employment as a 
journeyman shoemaker. F"our years after he 
engaged in business on Munroe Street as a 
custom shoemaker and retail dealer. So 
rapidly did his trade increase here that in 
1870 he required a force of twenty-five work- 
men to fill his orders, and he was then one of 
the largest manufacturers of custom work in 
New England. In 1874 he sold out to two 
younger brothers, and he was afterward en- 
gaged in the same business in San Francisco, 
Cal., for three years. Returning to Lynn in 
1877, he purchased his former business, and 
has since carried it on very successfully. 

Mr. Dunbar contracted the first of his two 
marriages on October 22, 1868, with Addie 
M. Hoyt, of Lynn, who died in November, 
1 87 1. The second, on November 20, 1879, 
united him with Julia P2mma Wooley, of this 
city. In politics he is a Republican; and he 
was a member of the Common Council in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



years 1SS3, 1884, and 1885, serving on the 
Committees on Streets, Grounds, and Public 
Property. A thirty-second degree Mason, he 
is connected with Golden Fleece Lodge, F. & 
A. M. ; Sutton Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; 
and Olivet Commandery, Knights Templar, 
of which he is a charter member. He is also 
a member of Bay State Lodge, No. 40, 
I. O. O. F. ; of Sagamore Tribe, No. 2, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men ; a charter member 
of Lynn Council, No. 516, Royal Arcanum, 
which he has represented in the Grand Lodge 
for the past fourteen years; has been a mem- 
ber of Lynn Lodge, No. 117, Order of Elks; 
and is connected with Mystic Lodge, No. 19, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen: and with 
the Oxford Club. 



M 



AVID M. HILTON, the proprietor 
of a large livery stable and trucking 
business, and a very highly re- 
spected citizen of Gloucester, was born in this 
city, November 3, 1835, son of Francis and 
Mary Eliza (Pew) Hilton. Having received 
his education in the public schools of Glouces- 
ter, he began to drive a team for William 
Henry Young, in whose employ he continued 
for about three years. During the following 
eighteen months he worked on the schooner 
"Banner," owned by Charles and George 
Wood, and used for freighting merchandise 
between Gloucester and Boston. In 1856 he 
bought of John Kendall a horse, harness, and 
cart, for four hundred and fifty dollars, and 
thereafter spent two years at teaming for 
Joshua Sanborn. At the end of that time he 
bought all of Mr. Sanborn's teaming outfit for 
fifteen hundred dollars, going into debt for a 
large part of the sum, but paying in full soon 
after. 

About that time Mr. Hilton added the busi- 



ness of a stevedore to his teaming, which he 
continues to follow. He also built a stable 
on Mansfield Street. This line of business 
has steadily increased in importance. His 
present finely equipped stable at the corner 
of Main and Pierce Streets is the largest in 
the city. The main stable is one hundred and 
fifty by one hundred and forty feet, while the 
building devoted to the trucking department 
covers an area of seven thousand square feet. 
He keeps on an average forty horses for work- 
ing and driving, and has trucks, harnesses, 
etc., in proportion, so that he is able to fur- 
nish any sort of team required for the heaviest 
trucking. He employs thirty men constantly, 
and has a yearly business of fifty thousand 
dollars or more. 

Mr. Hilton has never married. He is a 
member of the Veteran Firemen's Associa- 
tion, also of the Business Men's Association. 
Public-spirited and progressive, few men 
enjoy in a greater degree the good will and 
respect of the entire community. 



f^OSEPH WHITEHEAD, the well- 
known dealer in groceries and provi- 
sions at Saugus Centre, was born in 
Yorkshire, England, on May 20, 1823. Com- 
ing to America in 1845, he located at Saugus, 
and began work in a woollen-mill, having be- 
come an expert operator before leaving Eng- 
land. He remained in the mill until 1853, 
when he went out to California by way of 
Nicaragua, returning two years later by way 
of Panama. In California he was engaged in 
mining, being in the northern part of the 
State, but meeting with only average success. 
Upon his return to .Saugus in 1855 Mr. 
Whitehead opened the grocery store that he 
has since conducted. His honorable and 
prompt methods of doing business and his 



Ilfi 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



uniformly obliging manner have won for him 
a profitable patronage and many warm friends. 
To-day he is one of the substantial men of 
Saugus. For twenty years consecutively he 
was Town Treasurer, and for a part of that 
time he was Overseer of the Poor. In 1878 
he served in the State legislature, where he 
exhibited the same sound judgment and busi- 
ness qualities that have marked his career as a 
private citizen. While voting the Democratic 
ticket, he is not a strong party man, as he be- 
lieves in doing honor to the best man. 

Mr. Whitehead married Sarah Townscnd, 
who has now been deceased for twenty years. 
He has no children living. His son, Ralph 
Whitehead, who assisted him in the store, 
died at the age of twenty-seven years. For 
twenty years he has been a member of Will- 
iam Sutton Lodge of Masons. 




iHARLES HENRY DOWNING, 
Chief of the Lynn Fire Department, 
was born in South Reading, Mass., 
on July 10, 1827. A son of John and Lefee 
(Seger) Downing, natives respectively of 
Lynn and Marblehead, he is, according to the 
best information now obtainable, a descendant 
of Malcolm Downing, who came from Scotland 
to America in 1654, settled in Lynn, and 
married Margaret Sullivan on April 4, 1653. 
Some of his ancestors served in the war of the 
Revolution. 

Having received his education in the public 
schools of Lynn, Charles Henry Downing 
began learning the shoemaker's trade at the 
age of thirteen years. After completing his 
apprenticeship he worked in small concerns 
\intil 1S60. Thereafter until 1875 he was 
employed in large factories. For a year and 
a half he was foreman for Fillsbury Brothers. 
Then for two years he was engaged in the gro- 



cery business, and later for ten years he was 
sole-cutting for Hood & Johnson. During the 
last five years of that time he was a silent 
partner in the drug concern of J. W. Chase & 
Co. In iSgo he was appointed Chief En- 
gineer of the Lynn Fire Department, which 
position he has since held and filled in an able 
manner. He has been a member of the com- 
pany since 1845 and for twenty-nine years an 
engineer. His promotion to the chief's posi- 
tion was well merited, and had the unanimous 
approval of the department members. Chief 
Downing has made some valuable changes in 
the service since he assumed the management, 
and has a just pride in its efficiency and good 
record. All the people of Lynn share with 
him this feeling. 

Mr. Downing is a member of the Bay 
State Lodge of Odd Fellows, No. 40. In 
politics he is a Republican. In 1865, 1866, 
and 1867 he was a member of the Common 
Council, during which time he rendered valu- 
able service on the Committee on the Fire 
Department. During the years 1862, 1863, 
and 1S64 he was Clerk of Ward Four. On 
June 26, 1854, he was married in Lynn to 
Sarah A. Whitney, of this city. 




(S 



ANIEL PUTNAM POPE, a popular 
townsman of Danvers Centre, was 
born there, March 8, 1 826, son of 
Nathaniel and Abi (Preston) Pope. He is a 
descendant of Joseph Pope, who settled in 
Danvers, now West Peabody, in 1636, a son 
of I'31ijah and Hannah (Putnam) Pope. She 
was a daughter of Daniel Putnam. The direct 
line of ancestry is made by Joseph,' Joseph,^ 
Nathaniel,' Elijah," and Nathaniel.-'^ Na- 
thaniel ' married Mary Swinerton. His son, 
Elijah, marrietl Hannah Putnam, a daughter 
of Daniel Putnam. 




CHARLES H. DOWNING. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



119 



Nathaniel Pope, son of Elijah and the father 
of Daniel Putnam Pope, in 1830 bought the 
farm now owned by the latter, which was 
a part of the original Swinerton grant, and 
lived thereon throughout the rest of his life. 
He successively married Abi Preston and Char- 
lotte F"lint. The first wife died March 4, 
1 84 1. His death occurred January 17, 1880. 
His second wife survived him about twelve 
years. His children were: Elizabeth Putnam, 
who married Captain Andrew M. Putnam, and 
lives in Danvers; Harriet Adeline, who mar- 
ried Henry F. Putnam, a brother of Captain 
Putnam; Mary Putnam, who married a third 
brother, and is also living in Danvers; 
Asenath Preston Pope, who married Nathan 
Tapiey, both now deceased ; Ira Preston, who 
married Eliza C. Batchclder; Daniel Putnam, 
the subject of this biography; Hannah Put- 
nam, who married Dr. B. B. Breed, of Lynn, 
who is now deceased; and Jasper Felton 
Pope, who successively married Sophia Jane 
Richards and Martha Mansfield. 

After learning the carpenter's trade Daniel 
P. Pope was for fifteen years a contractor and 
builder. Thereafter he devoted his attention 
to the cultivation of his farm for more than 
thirty years. On March 30, 1852, he married 
Lydia Newhall Demsey, a daughter of Isaac 
and Mary Williams Demsey. Her father 
was a farmer and shoemaker. The Demseys 
are an old family of the place, the ancestry 
being traced from Christopher Demsey, the 
first settler, who married Elizabeth Burton, 
and died in 1762, through Isaac and Hannah 
(Henfield), Bartholomew and Mary (Britton), 
Isaac and Mary (Williams). The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Pope are: Mary, who died when 
twenty years old; F"letcher, who married 
Laura Whitticr, and deals in lumber in Dan- 
versport ; Isaac Demsey, who successively 
married Eliza Lilly and Cora B. Fox, and is 



in business with Fletcher, firm of Pope 
Brothers ; and Guy Preston, who married Irene 
Hynd, of Danvers, and is in the insurance 
business in that town. Fletcher Pope, while 
residing in Danvers, spends the most of his 
time in Reddington, Me., where he is the 
superintendent of the Reddington Mills and 
the general manager of the Phillips & Range- 
ley Railroad. Mr. Pope, Sr., has served for 
seventeen years past on the Board of Select- 
men, and has been the chairman of the board 
for fourteen years. He always votes the Re- 
publican ticket. A man of sterling traits, he 
is very popular in the community. 




AMUEL A. STACY, the founder 
of the well-known insurance firm of 
S. A. Stacy & Co., Gloucester, 
was born June 11, i8ig, in the old Stacy 
house in this city. He was a son of Eli and 
Mary Saunders (Hough) Stacy and a grand- 
son of Benjamin Stacy. Marblehead was the 
first abiding-place of the Stacys in this coun- 
try. John, a son of Thomas Stacy, of Salem, 
and the first of the family to settle in Glouces- 
ter, came hither in 1723 from Ipswich, Mass., 
and was licensed as an innholder. He died 
here nine years later. 

Upon leaving the public schools of Glouces- 
ter Samuel A. Stacy went West, and for a 
few years resided in Chillicothe, Ohio. 
Afterward, returning to Gloucester, he made 
his home here until his death, which occurred 
on October 19, 1895. For many years he 
did a prosperous business in insurance, being 
a member of the firm of S. A. Stacy & Co. 
He rendered valuable service to the commu- 
nity as a member of the School Committee in 
1 86 1 and 1862, of the Board of Assessors in 
1861, 1862, and 1863, of the Auditing Com- 
mittee in 1847, of the Building Committee of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



the town hall on Dak Avenue, and of the 
Board of Aldermen during the first two years 
of Gloucester's existence as a city. For a 
long time he was a trustee of the Cape Ann 
Savings Bank and its president from 1888 to 
the time of his decease. He was also a trus- 
tee of the Oak Grove Cemetery and of the 
Gloucester Water Supply Company, a director 
of the Gloucester Lyceum and Sawyer Free 
Public Library, and a trustee of the library's 
permanent fund. 

In 1846 Mr. Stacy was united in marriage 
with Miss Harriet Gilbert, who survives him. 
Of their five children, two died in infancy. 
The others arc: John C, Eliza, and George 
O. Eliza is the wife of A. H. Calef, the 
treasurer of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, and 
resides in New York City. George' O. Stacy, 
born November 3, 1863, was local manager 
for the telephone company for a few years, and 
is now the landlord of the Hawthorne Inn and 
its cottages, which he opened in the summer 
of 1 89 1. The numerous improvements he 
has effected in this place have converted it 
into one of the pleasantcst summer resorts on 
the New England coast. He also owns the 
well-known Moorland at Bass Rock. 




'RANCIS M. DODGE has had many 
years of successful experience as a 
teacher and superintendent of schools, 
and is now chairman of the School Board of 
his native town, Wenham, Mass. He was 
born April 14, 1826, the fourth son of Nicho- 
las and Prudence E. (Edwards) Dodge, and is 
of the seventh generation in descent from 
Richard Dodge, the first of his progenitors in 
America. In the Genealogy of the Dodge 
Family his lineage is thus traced: Richard'; 
Richard,' who lived in the south part of 



Wenham; William^; RichanH; Nicholas s; 
Nicholas'; Francis M.' 

Richard Dodge, first, with his wife and two 
or more children, came to Salem in 1638, and 
after living for a time on land owned by his 
brother William, wiio came in 1629, settled 
at North Beverly, not far east of Wenham 
Lake. He owned an extensive tract of land, 
on which he made substantial improvements, 
and for many years afterward it was in the 
possession of his descendants. 

Nicholas Dodge, father of the subject of this 
sketch, was an industrious and thrifty farmer 
and a prominent citizen of Wenham. He 
served as Selectman of the town many years, 
and, being Justice of the Peace for a long 
time, was familiarly known to his contempo- 
raries as "Squire Nicholas." Of the children 
born to him and his wife. Prudence, but two 
survive — Jacob E. and PVancis M., jjoth of 
Wenham. 

Francis M. Dodge acquired his elementary 
education in the public schools of Wenham, 
and, after fitting for college at the Hampton 
Falls Academy in New Hampshire, took a 
full course of study at Colby University, 
Waterville, Me., where he was graduated in 
1853. Beginning to teach school when but 
sixteen years old, he taught for three years in 
what is now called Beverly Farms. After his 
graduation he was for two years jirincipal of 
the high school at Brattleboro, Vt. ; later on 
for a time he was at the head of the Hampton 
Falls Academy ; and he subsequently had a 
select school in Wenham two years. In 1858 
he represented the towns of Topsfield, Bev- 
erly, and Wenham in the lower branch of the 
State legislature, being the youngest memlier 
of the House. He was afterward for several 
years one of the corps of teachers in Beverly, 
and then for four years superintendent of the 
schools of Weymouth, Mass., a position that 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



he was forced to resign on account of ill health. 
By the advice of his physician he went West 
to recuperate, and after spending a few months 
at Red Wing, Minn., had so far recovered his 
usual vigor that he resumed his educational 
work by accepting the charge of the public 
schools of Winona, Minn., of which he was 
superintendent eight years. Returning then 
to Wenham, Mr. Dodge has since made this 
place his permanent home, and has rendered 
valuable service to his native town as Select- 
man and as a member of the local School 
Committee, of which he has been chairman 
several years. A well-informed man, studi- 
ous and progressive, he has kept abreast with 
the times, and has been eminently successful 
in his chosen field of labor. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, an active member of the 
Baptist church, and is identified with the Ma- 
sonic fraternity of Beverly. 

On August 7, 1862, Mr. Dodge married 
Miss Sarah J. Philbrick, of Seabrook, N.H. 
They have one child, Adaline P., wife of 
Edward B. Cole, of Brookline, Mass. 



Tip^ICHARD TENNEY NOYES, a 
I )^^ [jrominent farmer of Newbury, was 
-i^ V_ ^ born here, September 2, 1852. A 
son of Moses Knight and Hannah M. (Ten- 
ney) Noyes, he is a direct descendant of 
Nicholas Noyes, who, coming from Wiltshire, 
England, with his brother James, settled in 
Newbury in 1635. Nicholas Noyes was the 
first man to step ashore when the first boat 
reached land at Parker River, and therefore 
may well be called a first settler. He married 
Mary Cutting. His son. Cutting Noyes, born 
September 23, 1649, married Elizabeth 
Knight. Another son, John, married May 
Noyes, whose son, Amos, married Sarah 
Jaques, and became the father of John, the 



grandfather of Richard T. Noyes. This John 
Noyes, born October 2, 1784, died April 24, 
1864. On February 24, 1812, he married 
Sarah Knight, who died June 20, 1876. 
Their son Moses married Hannah M. Ten- 
ney, by whom he became the father of four 
children. These were: Richard, the eldest, 
and the subject of this sketch; Edward Au- 
gustine, who married Helen Noyes Rolfe, and 
has two children; Lucy Withington, who 
married Newman Gould; and Annie Carey, 
who married Arthur C. Currier, and had one 
son, Dudley S. Currier. 

Having received his education in the public 
schools, finishing in the high schools, Richard 
Tenney Noyes decided to become a farmer. 
From the time he was four years old he had 
lived on the old Pierce farm, which had been 
purchased by his father. There he has since 
carried on a dairy farm, with about thirty head 
of cattle, horses, and other stock, and has been 
most successful. He has served on the Board 
of Selectmen for the past five years, and is 
now the chairman of the board. A respected 
member of the Newbury Farmers' Club, he 
serves on its E.xecutive Committee. On 
April 22, 1877, he married Ellen H. Adams, 
a daughter of Giles A. Adams, of Ntjwbury- 
port. Their only child, Howard Adams, born 
May 7, 1879, is now in the graduating class of 
the Putnam High School at Newbury. Mr. 
Noyes is a representative man from many 
points of view, and is highly esteemed in the 
town. 



YgriRAM J. PHILBROOK, one of the 
r^l best known residents of Rockport, 
-i-^ V, . was born on Fox Island, Me., No- 
vember 13, 182 1, son of Daniel and Rachel 
(Young) I^hilbrook. The Philbrook family, 
which is of English origin, began in this 
country with three brothers, who came here 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



during the Colonial period. One settled at 
the mouth of the Kennebec River in Maine; 
another at Rye, N.H.; and the third, of 
whom Hiram J. is a direct descendant, found 
a home on Cape Cod. Hiram J. Philbrook's 
parents were both natives of Cape Cod. 
After residing for a time on Fox Island they 
moved to Brunswick, Me., where the father 
died at the age of forty-one. During his ac- 
tive years he was a fisherman and a farmer. 
He also served as a soldier in the War of 
1812, participating in several battles. Of 
his children there are three survivors, namely: 
Hiram J., the subject of this sketch; Harriet 
N. Philbrook, of Charlestown, Mass. ; and 
Zylpha Y., the wife of Captain Hugh Stan- 
wood, of Brunswick. 

Hiram J. Philbrook accompanied his par- 
ents to Brunswick when he was seven years 
old, and was educated in the common schools 
of that town. At the age of fourteen he 
began to learn the blacksmith's trade. After 
serving an apprenticeship of seven years with 
John W. Libby, he went to Oldtown, Me., 
where he was for a time engaged in making 
axes for Thomas Springer. From Oldtown he 
went to Portland, and there worked for Joseph 
Thaxter. Then he went South, and was for a 
short period engaged in sharpening tools for 
the United States government at Fort Sum- 
ter, Charleston Harbor. After subsequently 
working in Philadelphia for a time, he came 
to Rockport in March, 1844. From July of 
that year until 1872 he was connected with 
the firm of Preston & Fernal, quarrymen and 
contractors, first as a mechanic and later as a 
partner; and for several years he was employed 
by their successors, the Rockport Granite Com- 
pany. He is a vice-president, a trustee, and 
a member of the Investment Committee of the 
Granite Savings Bank. 

Mr. Philbrook married Maria R. Flood, of 



Portland, daughter of Joseph and Sarah 
(Daniels) Flood. The father was a native of 
Buxton, Me., and the mother of Exeter, N.H. 
Mr. and Mrs. Philbrook have two daughters: 
Emily, the wife of Eben Blachford, of Rock- 
port; and Sarah E., the wife of the Rev. 
Byron G. Russell, of this town. 

A Past Master of Granite Lodge, I. O. O. F., 
Mr. Philbrook has been a member of the lodge 
for fifty years, and he is connected with the 
Veteran Odd P"ellows Association of Essex 
County. Politically, he is a Democrat, and, 
though never actively concerned in public 
affairs, he has always evinced a deep interest 
in the welfare and prosperity of the town. 




Mass. 



EORGE EDMUND HERRICK, a 
prominent farmer and dairyman of 
Lynnfield and a native of Salem, 

was born on March 22, 1835, his par- 
ents being John and Elizabeth Flint (Foster) 
Herrick. The first ancestor of the family in 
this country, Henerie Herrick, settled at 
Salem on June 24, 1629, among the Puritan 
colonists. His son, John Herrick, was a 
farmer in Wenham, where he settleil in 1719. 
John's son, Josiah, who was also a farmer in 
Wenham, died on May 14, 1772. Josiah mar- 
ried Joanna Dodge, of Beverly, who died in 
1775- Their son, John, who died in 1806 at 
the age of seventy-five and resided in Boxford, 
wedded Anna Brown, who was born in Beverly. 
Edmund Herrick, son of John and grandfather 
of George E. Herrick, was born at Danvers. 
He was a teamster in Washington's army 
under the immediate command of the great 
general, and was fond of relating incidents of 
his army life and of Washington. Settling at 
Chester, N. H., he first married Mehetabel 
Curtis, of Middleton, in 1786, and afterward 
Rachel White. The latter, who survived her 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



123 



husband, received a pension from the govern- 
ment until her death. 

John Herrick, son of Edmund and the father 
of George E. , was only sixteen years old at the 
time of his father's death. Born in Boxford 
in 1799, he resided there until 1844, when he 
removed to Peabody, on to the farm of his 
father-in-law, Captain Aaron Foster, whose 
daughter he had married in 1828. This 
homestead was one of the earliest settled in 
this part of the country, and is now two hun- 
dred and fifty years old. John died there in 
1878 at the age of seventy-nine years. A de- 
voted member of the Lynnfield church, he liad 
been one of its Deacons for seventeen years 
previous to his death. Elizabeth Herrick, his 
wife, died on the old farm, June 17, 1894, 
being then in her ninety-fourth year. Her 
children were: Frances Elizabeth; Mary 
Jane; John Everett; Cynthia F"oster; George 
Edmund; Horace, who was born in 1837, and 
died in infancy; and Clara, who died in child- 
hood. Of these, George E. and John Everett 
are living. Frances Elizabeth, born in 1828, 
who died in Lawrence, married Gilbert E. 
Hood. Mr. Hood, now a bank treasurer in 
Lawrence, taught school during his college 
course; later became principal of Thetford 
Academy of Thetford, Vt. ; and finally was 
superintendent of schools at Lawrence for 
thirteen years. Mary Jane, born in 1830, 
married Benjamin F. Tweed, an author of 
some note, who was a professor at Tufts Col- 
lege and at Washington University, St. 
Louis, and subsequently a supervisor of the 
Boston public schools. She died in a Boston 
hospital while yet a resident of St. Louis. 
John Everett, born in 1831, lives on the Cap- 
tain Foster farm at Peabody. Cynthia Foster, 
who was born in 1833, married Charles Buck, 
of Stoneham, and died in that town, leaving 
two sons — Professor Albert Buck and Charles 



P'rederick Buck, the latter a well-known 
business man of Boston. 

George E. Herrick, who took a course of 
study in the academy at Thetford, Vt., after 
completing the course of the common schools 
taught school for a number of terms in Esse.x 
County and in Vermont. In 1861 he came to 
Lynnfield, and settled on the farm which had 
been the home of his wife and of her people 
for a hundred years. In the same year he 
joined the church, in which he succeeded his 
father as Deacon after the latter's death. A 
member of the School Committee for seven- 
teen years, he was the chairman of the board 
during the greater part of that time. His 
main business being dairying, he milks about 
thirty cows, and has a flourishing milk route. 
For a number of years he was engaged in the 
manufacture of a seed sower, which he had 
patented, and which was an improvement of 
the old Danvers seed sower. His first wife, 
Abbie Ann, was a daughter of Henry and 
Eunice Bancroft and a graduate of Andover 
F"emale Academy. Her parents had another 
child, Plunice Mansfield, who graduated at the 
Salem Normal School. The sisters were much 
attached to each other. Abbie's marriage 
with Mr. Herrick took place on April 24, 
1 861. Her children are: George Henry, who 
resides with his father; and Clara Maria, now 
a professional nurse. Slie died [anuary 31, 
1875. On April 5, 1877, Mr. Herrick mar- 
ried her sister, Eunice. Mr. Bancroft died in 
1879, ^'s wife having died before the mar- 
riage of Abbie. The children of Mr. Her- 
rick's second marriage — Gilbert Bancroft and 
Abbie Frances — live with their parents. In 
politics Mr. Herrick is a Republican, and 
has attended various county conventions. He 
has also attended many church conferences, 
takes an active part in church work, and is a 
member of both the Village Improvement So- 



124 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ciety • and the Essex County Agricultural 
Society. Many premiums and diplomas have 
been granted him by agricultural societies. 
Among the improvements he has made on the 
Bancroft farm are the erection of stone fences, 
the extension of the land, and the enlargement 
of the house. 



f^OHN EVERETT HERRICK, a prom- 
inent farmer of Peabody, was born in 
a part of Salem now included in the 
town of Peabody, on November 19, 1831. A 
son of John and Elizabeth Flint (Foster) Her- 
rick, he is descended from Henerie Herrick, 
who settled in Salem in 1629. (A sketch of 
Mr. Herrick's paternal ancestors is given in 
the biography of his brother, George E. Mer- 
rick.) His mother, Elizabeth, was a grand- 
daughter of James Foster and a daughter of 
Captain Aaron Foster. James Foster was the 
first of that family to settle on the Foster 
farm. While carrying on general farming, he 
made a special feature of raising hops, which 
he shipped to Philadelphia, together with 
what quantity he could purchase from his 
neighbors. 

Aaron Foster, who was the only member of 
the family that remained in Peabody, was an 
extensive farmer, owning about two hundred 
and fifty acres. He was prominent in town 
affairs, and was a Captain in the militia. 
When he died in 1844 he was sixty-eight 
years old. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Hannah Brown, was reared on the adjoining 
farm. Having survived her husband, she died 
during the Civil War, at the age of eighty- 
six. The house, now situated on the Foster 
homestead, was probably built by the Cabots, 
of Salem, about the time of the Revolution, 
and came into possession of the Foster family 
in 178S. The original house was burned. 



The children of Aaron and Hannah Brown 
F"oster were: Elizabeth Flint, George, James, 
Clara, Louise, and Mary N. The eldest son 
died three years ago in Wakefield, at the age 
of ninety-three. George was a jirominent cit- 
izen and a heavy real estate owner of Lynn ; 
James was a custom officer at Boston for 
seventeen years in succession, and resided at 
Maiden and Everett; Clara married Professor 
Tweed, of Tufts College; Louise married 
Paul Hart Sweetser, of Wakefield, a lifelong 
educator; and Mary became the third wife of 
Moses Dornian, of Boxford, a country squire. 
Elizabeth, the mother of Mr. Herrick, died 
three years ago, at the advanced age of ninety- 
four years. Her husband, who had bought 
the Foster farm, died in 1881, over eighty 
years of age. He was a most devoted member 
of the Lynnfield church, and was for many 
years a leading Deacon. His children were: 
Frances Elizabeth, Mary Jane, John Everett, 
Cynthia P'oster, George Edmund, Clara 
Maria, and Horace. The last two died in 
childhood. 

After attending Thetford Academy in Ver- 
mont, which was then a celebrated school and 
received students from all over the country, 
John Everett Herrick taught school for a year 
in Essex County. Subsequently he was in 
business in Peabody for two years and in a 
hotel at Medway for an equal length of time. 
Being compelled, however, on account of his 
health to seek an outdoor occupation, he re- 
turned to the farm, renting it of his father, 
and actively engaged in agriculture. Upon 
the death of his father he inherited the farm. 
He now owns about two hundred acres of the 
old I'oster estate and a part of the Brown 
homestead. Besides cultivating extensive 
gardens, he keeps a dairy, and attends a milk 
route in Lynn. The orchard in which his 
grandfather, Aaron Foster, set out a large 




RALPH H. SARciKNT. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



127 



number of fruit-trees, has been enlarged by Mr. 
Herrick, who now markets considerable fruit. 
He has been a member of the Essex County 
Agricultural Society for many years, and was 
the first president of the West Peabody 
Farmers' Club, which was at one time a large 
and influential organization. He served as 
Selectman and Assessor for six years while 
both boards were together, and after they 
were separated he was Assessor for twelve 
years. In politics a Republican, he has been 
delegate to various conventions of the party. 
For twenty years he has been a Mason of 
Jordan Lodge at Peabody. 

Mr. Herrick contracted the first of his two 
marriages with Elizabeth Burnham, of Essex. 
Subsequent to her death, some fifteen years 
after her marriage, he married Jiis present 
wife, Harriet, who is a daughter of Moses 
Dorman, of Boxford, by his second wife, 
whose maiden name was Andrews. Her 
father's third marriage was made with Mary 
Foster, an aunt of her husband. Mr. 
Herrick has three children by his first mar- 
riage, all residing with him; namely, Sarah 
ISurnham, May Frances, and Willis Everett. 




lALPH H. SARGENT, one of the 
most active business men of Merri- 
mac, was born here, December 5, 
1848, at a period when the town site formed a 
part of Amesbury. After receiving his edu- 
cation in the Merrimac public schools he be- 
came a practical machinist, and worked at his 
trade in Manchester, N.H., for six years. At 
the end of that time he returned to Merrimac, 
and, settling upon the homestead farm, lived 
there until 1897. Then business interests in- 
duced him to sell the farm and remove to the 
village. 

In 1876 Mr. Sargent bought out the ice 



business of Simeon Adams. This he has 
since conducted, giving close application to 
it and building up a successful and lucrative 
trade. On February 18, 1878, he married 
Lizzie Morris, of Philadelphia, Pa. His five 
children by her are: Irma T., Allen M., 
Orlando, Ralph H., Jr., and Marion M. 
Constantly alive to town interests, his influ- 
ence has long been felt in the public affairs of 
Merrimac. He was made Street Commis- 
sioner in 1893, and at the present time he 
holds office as the chairman of the J3oard of 
Selectmen. An esteemed member of the 
Bethany Lodge, F. & A. M., he has been 
Master for two years. Mr. Sargent and his 
family attend and support the Congregational 
church. 




SA G. ANDREWS, ex-Mayor of 
Gloucester and now a prominent agri- 
culturist of Essex, was born here, 
June 24, 1843, son of Asa R. and Mary B. 
(Clark) Andrews. His grandfather, Moses 
Andrews, who was a prosperous farmer of 
Essex, married Sarah Andrews, and has a fam- 
ily of nine children. Of the latter three are 
living, namely: Elizabeth, a resident of 
Gloucester; Clarissa, who lives in Essex; and 
Asa R. The others were: Stalie, Lucy, 
Sallie, Oliver, Ruth, and Mary. 

Asa R. Andrews, a native of Essex, for 
many years followed the trade of a ship-car- 
penter. He plied his calling with inilustry 
and prosperity until his retirement, which 
took place some time ago. He is now living 
in Essex. His wife, Mary, was a daughter of 
George and Sally (Day) Clark, of West 
Gloucester. Her father was engaged in till- 
ing the soil during the active period of his 
life. George and Sally Clark were the par- 
ents of seven children — George, Sally, John, 
Susan, James, Elizabeth, and Mary B., none 



128 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Asa R. 
Andrews had a family of three children, 
namely: Asa G., the subject of this sketch; 
Francis F., born in November, 1845; and 
Adelaide, born November 2, 1864, who died 
at the age of fourteen years. Francis F. is 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in Essex. 
He married Mary Isabelle Burnham, of this 
town, and has two children: Lawrence E., 
who married Susie Courier, and is a clerk in 
Gloucester; and Mary F., who resides at 
ht)me. Mrs. Asa K. Andrews died in Sep- 
tember, i860. 

Asa G. Andrews was educated in the com- 
mon schools. At the age of nineteen he 
began to serve an apprenticeship at shoemak- 
ing. When his time had expired, he worked 
at the trade as a journeyman for about six 
years, and then was engaged in the grocery 
business in Concord, N.H., for about five 
years. At the end of that time he sold out, 
and during the succeeding year was employed 
by N. S. Batchelder, a wholesale and retail 
grocer. Subsequently he returned to Glouces- 
ter, where he became connected with the fish 
business carried on by Charles l^irkhurst. 
Six years later he was appointed general man- 
ager of the Marine Railway, a position which 
he held for sixteen years. In 1894 he bought 
the D. L. Haskell farm of one hundred and 
twenty-five acres in Essex. With the excep- 
tion of a year spent as clerk for the Higgins 
& Gifford Boat Manufacturing Company of 
Gloucester, he has since been engaged in gen- 
eral farming and dairying. He keeps twelve 
cows, sells considerable milk, and his farm is 
regarded as one of the best pieces of agricult- 
ural property in Essex. He was one of the 
incorporators and is still a director of the 
Gloucester Co-operative Bank. 

While residing in Gloucester, Mr. Andrews 
figured prominently in its affairs, displaying 



an ability that won the confidence and admira- 
tion of his business associates. Since attain- 
ing his majority he has been a zealous Repub- 
lican, giving active support to the party. He 
was a member of the City Council for two 
years, represented his ward in the Board of 
Aldermen for three years, and was a member 
of the Republican City Committee for several 
years. In 1891 he was elected Mayor of 
Gloucester, and re-elected in 1892 and 1893. 
During these three years he gave the city a 
progressive and business-like administration. 
On December 21, 1S64, he was united in mar- 
riage with Almira C. Haskell. She was burn 
in Epsom, N.H., September 28, 1845, daugh- 
ter of Moses Critchett and Almira Haskell. 
Mr. and Mrs. Andrews have two daughters: 
Mira Adelaide, born May 14, 1870; and 
Edith G., born August i, 1880. Mira Ade- 
laide married Charles II. Coas, who is en- 
gaged in the fish business at East Gloucester, 
and has one daughter, Adelaide H. Edith 
G. is residing at home. Mr. Andrews is con- 
nected with Ocean Lodge, No. Si ; and 
Ca[)e Ann ICncamjiment, No. ^i^,, I. O. O. F. ; 
and he is a member of the Tribe of Iinj)roved 
Order of Red Men in Gloucester. A jjopular 
man, he still retains a wide influence in the 
political affairs of this part of the county. 




19, 



ANIEL W. APPLETON, a sulistan- 
tial farmer of Ipswich, was born on 
the farm where he now resides, 
May 21, 1833, son of Daniel and Mehetabel 
(Cleaves) Appleton. He comes of one of the 
oldest families of this section of New Eng- 
land. His emigrant ancestor received a grant 
of six hundred acres of hind in Ipswich in 
1635. Portions of this grant are still owned 
by members of the family, the original home- 
stead being now in the possession of Daniel 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



129 



l'"uller Appleton, of New York City, who is 
at the head of the Waltham Watch Company, 
and has a summer residence in this town. 
Among the ancestors of Daniel VV. were Isaac 
Appleton and his son, Thomas, who died in 
September, 1830, at the advanced age of 
ninety-one years. Thomas's son, Daniel, was 
the grandfather of Daniel W. Appleton. 

Daniel Appleton, Sr., born on the Apple- 
ton homestead, was reared in Beverly, Mass., 
having removed there with his parents when 
about nine years old. He first married 
Martha, or Patty, Woodbury, who became the 
mother of Daniel Appleton, Jr., and died at 
the age of forty years. He subsequently mar- 
ried Polly Allen, of Manchester, Mass. ; and 
she survived him, dying November 7, 1S64, 
aged eighty -four years. His death occurred 
May 26, 1S63, at the age of eighty-six years. 
Daniel Appleton, Jr., born in Beverly, Mass., 
July 4, 1S02, died in that town, October 20, 
1S59. In early manhood he followed the sea 
for twelve years, and then turned his attention 
to agricultural pursuits. In 1832 he bought 
the farm now owned and occupietl by his son, 
Daniel W., and was here engaged in cultivat- 
ing the soil for several years. Retiring 
then from manual labor, he returned to Bev- 
erly, and there spent his declining days in 
comfort and ease. On April 10, 1832, he 
married Miss Mehetabel Cleaves, who was 
born and reared in Wenham, this county. 
Their children were: Daniel Woodbury, 
the subject of this sketch; Marietta, born in 
1836; and John W. E., born May 22, 1850, 
who lived but five years. The mother, who 
lived with her son, Daniel, after the death of 
her husband, was eighty-three years old when 
she died on November 22, 1888. 

At the age of seventeen Daniel W. Apple- 
ton became an apprentice at shoemaking, a 
trade which he afterward followed until re- | 



called to the home farm when his father was 
unable to care for the property. On taking 
charge of the farm his parents removed to 
Beverly, while his sister, Marietta, remained 
with him to keep house until his marriage. 
He owns one hundred acres of finely improved 
land, which he has successfully devoted to 
general agriculture, and several tenement 
houses in Beverly, on Lorett Street, which 
bring him in a handsome annual rental. On 
the gable of the house which was built some 
years ago is the Appleton coat of arms. 

On April 28, 1870, Mr. Appleton married 
Miss Lucy Abbie Lamson, a daughter of 
Jarvis and Lucy (Whittredge) Lamson, of 
Hamilton, and a grand-daughter of Jonathan 
and Sally (Appleton) Lamson, the latter of 
whom was a sister of Daniel Appleton, Sr. 
Mrs. Appleton died December 6, 1S83, leav- 
ing three children, namely: Daniel Howard, 
born November 30, 1874, who lives with his 
father on the home farm ; Marietta Dane, born 
November 13, 1876, who is the wife of Amos 
E. L. Scotton, of Brockton, Mass. ; and 
Elliott Lamson, born April 9, 1S81, who 
graduated from the Salem Commercial College 
in June, 1898. 



<^*^> 




ILO H. GOULD, a prosperous 
farmer and an esteemed resident 
of Andover, was born in his pres- 
ent residence, P'ebruary 22, 1S58, son of 
Henry Augustus and Sally (Batchelor) Gould. 
The Gould family has been in America since 
1638, when it began with Richard Gould, who 
came from England. Cornelius Gould, father 
of Henry Augustus, born in 1767, followed 
farming throughout his life. This house is 
one hundred years old, having been built in 
1797. Henry Augustus, who was born in 
Bradford, Mass., in 1816, passed the greater 



13° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



part of his life in Andovcr, engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. His wife, Sally, was a 
daughter of David Batchelor, of North Read- 
ing, Mass. Henry A. and Sally Gould were 
the parents of ten children. Of these, seven 
are living; namely, Henry Elias, Sarah Ann, 
Theodore F., Mark F., Ida R., Milo H., and 
Asa T. Sarah Ann successively married 
Ansel Eaton and George F. Mason. Ida R. 
is the wife of Henry A. Russell, of Andover. 

Having acquired his education in the An- 
dover public schools, Milo H. Gould worked 
with his father on the farm for some years. 
In 1892 he was appointed superintendent of 
the Poor Farm. Since the death of his father 
he has had charge of the homestead, and con- 
ducted it very successfully. He also manages 
the Sunnydale Milk Farm. 

Mr. Gould was first married in 1S79 to 
Miss Clara Estella Batchelor, daughter of 
George liatchelor, and became the father of 
one child, Florence W. A second marriage, 
contracted in 1889, united him to Carrie, 
daughter of Walter B. Allen. She has no 
children. In politics Mr. Gould is a Repub- 
lican. Both he and his wife are members of 
the Congregational church. Fraternally, he 
is a member of the Andover Lodge, Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows; and of Andover 
Grange, No. 183, of which he was Master for 
two years. 




VOUIS F. BARTON, of Newburyport, 
a prominent shoe manufacturer and 
dealer, was born in Pittsfield, 
N.H., January 16, 1852. He comes of an 
old and long-lived family of Massachusetts. 
At the family reunion held in 1885 it was as- 
certained that, out of one hundred persons 
comprising five generations of Bartons, only 
four were dead. Ebenezer, the hrst ancestor, 



who came from Flngland, settled in Pittsfield 
upon an estate that is still in the possession 
of the family. 

David Barton, grandfather of Louis F., was 
a farmer. Although he lived to be eighty- 
seven years of age, he never rode on steam 
cars during his life, having been unable to 
overcome his fear of them. He married Mary 
Miller, of Brentwood, and became by her the 
father of ten children. Louis G. Barton, son 
of David and father of Louis F., a shoemaker 
by trade, was also the first station agent at 
Seabrook. He was accidentally drowned on 
Hampton Bar when he was forty-two years 
old. His wife, in maidenhood Eliza Ed- 
munds, of Chichester, N.H., and a daughter 
of Gardner and Matilda Edmunds, is still liv- 
ing with her son, Louis F. Barton, being now 
seventy-nine years old. She is the mother of 
six children, all of whom are living. 

Louis F. Barton was the fourth of his par- 
ents' children. His father's death when 
Louis was fourteen years old obliged him to 
leave school then and begin work. Having 
learned the trade at which his father had 
worked, he aided his mother in bringing up 
the family and in paying off the mortgage on 
the home. When he was twenty-one years of 
age he came to Newburyport, and worked for 
the E. P. Dodge Manufacturing Company, 
where he remained for several years. The 
company finally offered him the post of super- 
intendent, but he declined it. In 1879 he 
and Mr. Pike ojjcned a retail shoe store in 
Amesbury, the firm being known as Pike & 
Barton. Here he remained for si.\ months, 
and then bought the stand where he is now 
carrying on business, starting in with only 
one clerk. Mr. Barton also started £\nd built 
up the business of W. W. Coffin, being a 
silent partner. In 1891, with two others, he 
opened up Summit Place, and made by that 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



*3i 



enterprise some thousands of dollars. Since 
then he has been interested in a number of 
real estate investments, including the opening 
of Arlington Street and the erection of a num- 
ber of houses, in consequence of which he was 
known as "The Land King" in 1894. By 
one of his more recent investments Mr. Bar- 
ton cleared three thousand dollars in ten days. 
Barton Street, where he now owns some five 
or six houses, was also opened by him. In 
1S93 he built a fine residence for himself on 
High Street, which has plate-glass windows 
and other features in keeping therewith. The 
proprietor of the Advent Church for the past 
nine years, he has recently renovated its 
basement. On January 8, 1896, in partner- 
ship with Mr. Thuriow, he began the manu- 
facture of shoes. Mr. Thuriow retired from 
the firm at the end of three months, since 
which Mr. Barton has continued the business 
alone. He makes infants' shoes chiefly, em- 
ploying about seventy-five hands. 

Mr. Barton is a devoted member of the Ad- 
vent Church Society and one of its most 
liberal supporters. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, although his family were all Demo- 
crats. He was urged to run for office, and 
was selected as the strongest man in his ward. 
A stanch temperance man, he instituted the 
Houston Liquor Cure, which was successfully 
applied by him in one hundred cases of in- 
ebriety. Fraternally, Mr. Barton is a mem- 
ber of St. John's Lodge, F. & A. M. ; of 
King Cyrus Chapter, R. A. M.; of Newbury- 
port Commandery, K. T. ; of Amesbury Con- 
sistory; of Ouasquanim Lodge and Merrimac 
Encampment, I. O. O. F. ; and an honorary 
member of Canton A. O. U. W. and of the 
Yacht Club R. A. At one time he was a 
member of seventeen lodges. On November 
24, 1874, he married Lizzie \V., daughter of 
Moses and Mary E. (Sawyer) Pike. Eight 



children have been born of the marriage, 
namely: Leonard, who is a book-keeper for 
his father; Lizzie, who died at the age of 
fourteen; Edith, who attends the Newburyport 
High School; Ralph, who died when three 
years old; and Beatrice, Clifford, Carrie, and 
Louis. Mr. Barton's career as a business 
man furnishes a good illustration of what may 
be accomplished by perseverance and close 
application. When, in company with Mr. 
Pike, he opened the store in Amesbury, he 
had but two hundred and seventy-five dollars 
of his own, and needed two hundred and 
twenty-five dollars more in order to pay for 
his share of the stock. He tried everywhere 
among his friends, but found no one able or 
willing to lend him the needed amount. At 
last he went to Elder Pearson, who, though a 
stranger, furnished him the money on an un- 
indorsed note. 



^^^OHN DALY, a prosperous meat dealer 
and grocer of South Lawrence, doing 
business at 87 and 91 South Broadway, 
was born in Ireland, July 18, 1840, son of 
John and Ellen (O'Neil) Daly. The paternal 
grandfather, Timothy Daly, was a farmer in 
County Cork, Ireland. Seven children were 
born to him and Kate Donovan Daly; 
namely, James, William, Timothy, Charles, 
John, Kate, and Patrick. Of these, James, 
Charles, Kate, and John came to America. 
Charles, who came first, died in New Orleans; 
Kate came ne.\t, John in 1S47, and James 
about 1S52. 

John Daly, Sr., born in 1797, was a laborer 
in humble circumstances. His marriage with 
Ellen O'Neil took place about the year 1S19. 
She is a daughter of Daniel and Mary (Ryan) 
O'Neil and a grand-daughter of John Ryan, 
who studied for the priesthood. Her father, 



132 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



who was in the British navy for thirty years, 
and participated in the battle of Bunker Hill, 
lived to the great age of one hundred and 
twelve or thirteen years, being well preserved 
to the last. He was retired on a good pen- 
sion, and owned a large estate and a farm that 
was left by his wife's father. Ellen O'Neil, 
born November i, 1797, in Castle Townsend, 
County Cork, Ireland, recently celebrated her 
centenarian birthday. Although for many 
years her life was one of toil and struggle, she 
has been remarkably blessed with health and 
energy. In her later years she has been ten- 
derly cared for by her son and his family. 
While her sight is nearly gone, and she is 
slight and feeble, she still enjoys life. She 
came to America with her husband in 1S47 in 
a sailing-vessel, which was six weeks on the 
voyage from Oueenstown to Boston. John 
and Ellen Daly were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, three sons and five daughters, all born 
in the old country. He died in 1875, sur- 
vived by his widow and six children, Johanna 
and Margaret having died in early childhood. 
Catherine, who became the wife of Joseph 
White, died about the year 1877, leaving one 
daughter. Timothy, who went to Fairport, 
Fremont County, la., and owned a large 
farm and stock, died about 1880, over forty 
years of age, leaving five sons and three 
daughters, and was buried at Nebraska City. 
The survivors are: Mary, who is the widow of 
Patrick Cahill, late of Lawrence; William, 
unmarried, who is the engineer of a steam- 
boat in Seattle, Wash., whither he went in 
1854; and I'^llen, who is the wife of Daniel 
O'Brien, and resides in California. 

John Daly, the subject of this sketch, at- 
tended the Lawrence city schools, where he 
gave special attention to the study of book- 
keeping. Beginning in 1858, he worked as a 
tanner and currier in Woburn, Mass., until 



the fall of i860. Then he went to New Or- 
leans in the cotton press business, at which 
he was engaged until March 4, 1861. After 
that, going up the Mississippi River to St. 
Louis and thence to Chicago, he worked in 
the latter city a short time at the currier's 
trade, and finally returned to Lawrence. He 
subsequently followed liis trade for several 
years in Boston, on Cape Cod, and in New 
York. In 1868 he purchased a lot in this 
city, built a store on it, and there set up in 
the grocery business, taking up his residence 
in a tenement over his store. He built his 
present block with an L in i8go. It is of 
brick, four stories in height, forty-nine and 
one-half feet front and forty feet deep. His 
enterprise and close attention to business have 
been rewarded by an excellent trade both in 
meats and groceries. Within a stone's throw 
of his store is the site of his father's shanty, 
when South Lawrence was made up of about 
one hundred and fifty of such, occupied by the 
sturdy sons of Ireland who had settled here, 
and to whose thrift and energy may be traced 
much of the present prosperity of the place. 

On New Year's Day, 1867, Mr. Daly mar- 
ried Margaret Barry, of Calais, Me., a daugh- 
ter of Andrew and Mary (Iloffson) Barry. 
Nine of their twelve children are living. 
Their son James died when a year old, and 
William at the age of three and one-half. 
Mary, who lives at home, is cashier and book- 
keeper in the store. Timothy Joseph Daly, a 
graduate of Harvard, class of 1897, is house 
surgeon in St. John's Hospital, Lowell. 
John Daly, Jr., is with his father. Eliza- 
beth, a graduate of the Lawrence High 
•School, class of 1897, is at home. Katherine 
is a member of the class of 1898 in the same 
school. Helen died at the age of four years. 
Margaret is in school ; also Thomas, Anna, 
and Josephine, who is eight years old. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



133 



Though nominally a Democrat, Mr. Daly is 
an independent voter. He served in the 
Common Council for one year. He is a 
stockholder of the shoe factory and of the 
Lowell brewery. Both he and his family are 
members of the Catholic church. They reside 
at 350 South Broadway, Phillips Hill, in a 
substantia], fifteen-room house, that he built 
eleven years ago. 



/ ^^^JaRDNER APPLETON brown, a 
V |5T practical and prosperous agricultur- 
ist of Ipswich, was born May 3, 
1S23, on the farm he now owns and occupies, 
son of Joseph Brown, Jr. The Brown family 
originated in PZngland, whence at an early 
day three brothers, John, James, and Will- 
iam, emigrated to America. One of these 
brothers settled on the farm now occupied by 
Manasseh Brown, Jr., and the other two in 
this vicinity. William probably was the an- 
cestor from whom this branch of the family 
has descended. The line was continued by 
William's son, Elisha,^ Elisha,-* Joseph,' and 
Joseph,'' each of whom lived and died within 
the limits of Ipswich. 

Joseph Brown, Sr. , who was a farmer and 
carpenter, had a natural aptitude for mechani- 
cal pursuits. Besides erecting all the build- 
ings around his place, he made the various 
implements he used in farming. His home- 
stead, now occupied by Joseph Marshall, 
adjoins the Perkins estate, which belonged to 
his father-in-law. By his marriage with Eliz- 
abeth Perkins he came into possession of a 
portion of the Perkins farm. He also re- 
tained some twenty-two acres of the original 
Ikown farm, which has always been kept in 
the family, and now belongs to his grandson, 
Gardner A. Brown. His first wife died when 
young. He had passed the age of sixty when 



a second marriage united him with his sister- 
in-law, Martha Perkins, who survived him 
thirty-seven years, living in Ipswich. His 
first wife bore him five children — ^ Joseph, 
James, Eunice, Isaac, and Elizabeth. James 
reared a family of thirteen children, of whom 
but one is living; Eunice became the wife of 
Manasseh Brown ; Isaac removed to New 
Hampshire; and Elizabeth, who was the wife 
of John Patch, died in early life, leaving one 
child. The children of the second union 
were: Elizabeth, now the widow of Thomas 
Brown, and living on the Beach Road; and 
Mary, who married William P'oster Wade, of 
Ipswich village. The father attained the ven- 
erable age of ninety-one years. 

Joseph Brown, Jr., was brought up to farm- 
ing. Eventually he became the owner of his 
father's homestead property, comprising por- 
tions of the Brown and Perkins estates. This 
he has since considerably enlarged by the pur- 
chase of other land. At the age of twenty- 
four he married Rebecca Appleton, a daughter 
of Samuel Appleton and a sister of General 
James Appleton. He died about fifty years 
after, being then about seventy years old. His 
wife survived him, attaining the age of eighty- 
three years. Both were active workers in 
the Old South Church, though the Appletons 
were all Baptists, and she retained her mem- 
bership in the Bapti.st church. Their chil- 
dren were as follows: Lucy, who died in 
childhood; Samuel, a self-educated man, who 
after acquiring the goldsmith's trade studied 
law in Alfred, Me., in the office of an uncle, 
was for many years an attorney in Lowell, 
Mass., associated with Judge J. G. Abbott in 
the firm of Abbott & Brown, and died in 
Lowell at the age of filty-si.x years ; Joseph, 
who was a farmer on the old homestead, died 
at the age of forty-three years, leaving a fam- 
ily whose members reside in Cambridge and 



134 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Boston; Winthrop, who died in the West 
Indies when a young man; Mary Elizabeth, 
who was the wife of Joseph Kinsman, and 
died at the age of forty-eight years, leaving 
two sons — J. P"arley Kinsman and Gusta- 
VLis; Rebecca Appleton, who died at the age 
of forty years, and was the wife of Francis 
Dodge, of Danvers, Mass., the former owner 
of the asylum farm, which he sold to the 
State died at the age of forty; and Gardner 
Appleton, the subject of this sketch. 

Gardner Appleton Brown has resided all his 
lifetime on the home farm. On the death of 
his brother he became its sole owner. The 
estate contains one hundred acres of land, 
which he devotes to mixed farming, hay being 
his principal crop. He has made substantial 
improvements, increasing the value of his 
property in a material manner, and is recog- 
nized throughout the community as a thor- 
ough-going and able farmer. In politics he 
is a steadfast Republican, sup[)orting the prin- 
ciples of his party by voice and vote. He is 
a regular attendant of the Old South Church. 
On October 28, 1849, h^ married Miss Judith 
Ann Perley, of Winthrop, Me. She died in 
the following year, leaving one son, Charles 
Gardner. The latter, now living on a neigh- 
boring farm, married Mary Petficld, and has 
two children — Marion Gardner and Jesse 
Appleton. 

Mr. lirown, Sr., was married a second time 
in January, 1852, to Miss Leona A. Story, 
who was born in Essex, daughter of David 
Story, a former resident of that town. Of his 
two children by his present wife, Alvin Story 
is living, and resides on the home farm. 
Alvin married Miss Ella Thurston, and has 
three children — Emma Appleton, FAs'ic 
Frances, and Ruth Story. His younger 
brother, Jesse Appleton lirown, died at the 
age of twenty-one years. 




EORGE A. DAVIS, a prominent busi- 
i I ness man of Gloucester and the pro- 
prietor of a large soda water manu- 
factory and bottling establishment, is a native 
of Newburyport, born November 27, 1846. 
A son of William and Nancy (Jackman) Davis, 
he is descended on the paternal side from 
early settlers of Amesbury, Mass. Since 
1656 the name has been a familiar one in 
Essex County, and has been borne with honor 
by many who have been called to serve in 
official capacities. Mr. Davis's maternal an- 
cestors were among the oldest and most promi- 
nent citizens of Newburyport. Joseph Jack- 
man, his grandfather, served at one time as 
Postmaster of that town. William and Nancy 
(Jackman) Davis had nine children, as follows: 
Sarah E., born January 25, 1832; Joseph W., 
born August 3, 1833, who died October 11, 
1887; Lois, born July 11, 1S35, who died May 
29, 1837; Charles O., born December 17, 
1837; Lois H., born May 26, 1840, who died 
May 9, 1897; lulward P., born August 12, 
1843, who died August 16, 1843; George A., 
the subject of this sketch; Stephen F., born 
June 18, 1850; and Mary I., born May 20, 
1854. 

George A. Davis obtained his education in 
the public schools of Newburyport, after which 
he entered the employ of George Giles, of that 
place, as travelling salesman. In 1869 he 
came to Gloucester, and with S. P. Winn as 
partner, under the firm name of Winn & Davis, 
bought the business which he now conducts. 
His partner having retired a short time after, 
he has since carried on the enterjirisc alone; 
and its growth and success arc due to his own 
careful management. 

On September 27, 1S68, Mr. Davis was 
married to Mary C. Short, of West Newbury, 
and now has one daughter, Nellie M., living 
at home. A prominent Mason, he is a mem- 




GEORGE A. UAVIS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



137 



ber of Tyrian Lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; of 
William Person Chapter, R. A. M. ; of Beth- 
lehem Commandery, Knights Templar; of 
Aleppo Temple and Lafayette Lodge of Per- 
fection, of Boston; of Giles F. Yates Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem; of Mount Olivet Chap- 
ter, Rose Croix; and of the Massachusetts 
Consistory. He has filled the different chairs 
in Bethlehem Commandery, of which at the 
present time he is Eminent Commander. 
During the term of Mayor Rogers, Mr. Davis 
was a member of the Common Council. Un- 
assuming in manner and of genial disposi- 
tion, Mr. Davis has a large circle of friends 
and acquaintances. 



gTlTo 



/^TkoRGE F. HAMER, of Lawrence, 
\pT^ the accomplished pianist and organ- 
ist and teacher of harmony, composi- 
tion, and counteri^oint, was born in this city, 
February 7, 1862. His parents, Benjamin and 
Priscilla (Taylor) Hamer, were born in P.ng- 
land. 

Benjamin Hamer, who was a native of 
Yorkshire, was born in 1819. He came to 
this country when about thirty years of age. 
A skilful and experienced weaver, he had 
charge of weaving-rooms in Portsmouth, N. H., 
for a number of years. He removed to Law- 
rence about 185S, and here had charge of 
weaving-rooms in the Pacific Mills. He died 
May 15, 1S97, leaving a widow and this son. 

George F. Hamer was gifted with a natural 
talent for music, and was a skilful performer 
on the church organ at an early age. He 
acquired a common-school education in Law- 
rence, and then bent all his energies to the 
task of advancing himself in music. At fif- 
teen he was organist of St. Thomas Episcopal 
Church, Methuen, Mass., afterward St. John's, 
and the P'irst Unitarian Church of Lawrence, 



and later of Park Street Church, Boston, 
Mass. In the meantime he studied witii 
private teachers in Boston. He spent two 
years in Munich under the tuition of Joseph 
Rheinberger, and studied the piano with Kel- 
lermann ; and he travelled through Germany, 
Italy, France, and England, all the while 
perfecting himself in his chosen art. After 
his return Mr. Hamer was for eight years 
organist of Trinity Church, Lawrence, and 
one year organist and director of the Unitarian 
church in Dorchester, Mass. He is now 
organist and leader of the choir in the Uni- 
tarian church in Lowell. 

Mr. Hamer has achieved success not only 
as an artist, but also in financial matters. As 
a teacher of the piano and organ and of har- 
mony, composition, and counterpoint he has 
few equals. While at Munich he wrote two 
orchestral overtures, both of which were per- 
formed by the orchestra at the music school ; 
and one of them was given at the graduation 
exercises of the Royal Music School, some of 
the nobility being present. Mr. Hamer is 
known through the country as. a church com- 
poser, having written many anthems for church 
use, and also a number of successful piano 
pieces. His pretty home is at 352 Broadway, 
Lawrence. He built the house in 1896, and 
he moved into it in November of that year. 
Mr. Hamer himself earned the funds for his 
musical education, and has won his way to 
distinction and prosperity by untiring work. 

He was married at the age of twenty-six to 
Alice M. Smith, of Lawrence. They have 
two children now living, namely: l{lisabeth, 
born August 27, 1894; and Fillon, born July 
4, 1896; and they have been bereft of two — a 
daughter that died in infancy and a son, Har- 
old, at the age of two years. In politics Mr. 
Hamer is a Republican. He was reared in 
the Episcopal faith. 



'38 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 




OX. WILLIAM H. TAPPAN, No- 
tary Public, land surveyor, and real 
estate dealer in Manchester, Mass., 
is a native of this town and a worthy repre- 
sentative of an old and substantial Essex 
County family, whose founder was Abraham 
Toppan, an Englishman, who settled at New- 
bury, Mass., in 1637, and whose posterity 
includes many distinguished names. 

Son of Colonel Eben and Sarah (Hooper) 
Tappan, born October 30, 1821, Mr. Tapixan 
is a grandson of Ebenezer Tappan, an old- 
time merchant of Manchester, who was a sol- 
dier in the Revolution, and who represented 
Manchester in the State legislature in 181 1. 
Ebenezer Tappan's wife was lilizabeth Foster. 
His father, the Rev. Benjamin Tapjian, who 
married Elizabeth Marsh, was a son of Samuel 
and Abigail (Wigglesworth) Toppan, and a 
grandson of Dr. Peter and Jane (l?att) Top- 
jian, of Newbury, Dr. Peter being the eldest 
son of Abraham, the immigrant. 

The Rev. Benjamin Tappan was the second 
settled minister at Manchester, where he had 
charge of the parish over forty years, till his 
death, occurring in 1790. It was he who 
changed the s]ielling of the name from Top- 
pan to Tajipan. His son, the Rev. David 
Tajipan, D.D., was for some years Hollis Pro- 
fessor of Divinity at Harvard College. Ben- 
jamin Tappan, Jr., brother of Professor Tap- 
l)an, married a grand-niece of ]?enjamin 
Franklin, and was the father of Judge Tap- 
]ian, of Ohio, and of the well-known phi- 
lanthropists f)f New York City, Arthur and 
Lewis Tappan, the former the first president 
of the American Anti-slavery Society. 

Colonel ICben Tappan in iSiS commanded 
a regiment in the State militia. He was a 
manufacturer of furniture, fire-engines, and 
ship steering wheels. He served as Repre- 
sentative in the State legislature in 1843. 



His wife was daughter of Captain William 
Hooper, of Manchester. 

William H. and his sister, Mrs. General 
Tannatt, of the State of Washington, are the 
only survivors of a family of ten children. 
He was educated in the public schools and at 
the academy in his native town. He after- 
ward spent some years in Boston, becoming a 
draughtsman, and upon the arrival of Profes- 
sor Louis Agassiz in this country Mr. Tappan 
was employed by him for several years in 
making drawings to illustrate his books and 
lectures. He accompanied the distinguished 
naturalist on his tour in the South. 

In 1849 he went overland, by in\itati()n of 
the Secretary of War, William L. Marcy, 
brought about through the influence of Daniel 
Webster and John Quincy Adams, with the 
regiment of Mounted Rifles, to what was 
then Oregon Territory, where for a while he 
was engaged in surveying and stock-raising. 
Later on he was employed by the United 
States government in the Indian Department, 
and was instrumental in extinguishing the 
Indian title to lands, the consummation being 
brought about by treaties with the different 
tribes occujiying that vast region extending 
from the Pacific to the eastern slope of the 
Rocky Mountains, to secure which he jour- 
neyed many thousand miles on horseback over 
Oregon, Washington, and adjoining Territo- 
ries. His influence made itself felt in the 
creation of the new Territory of Washington 
by separation from Oregon, and in the first 
legislature of W'ashington he was a member of 
the Territorial Council. 

Leaving Washington in 1864, Mr. Tapjian 
went by the overland stage line to Colorado, 
and, locating himself at Central City, engaged 
in mercantile business. Times were dull at 
that period in Colorado, wliich imd not tiien 
been admitted as a State, and whose mineral 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



139 



resources had been but slightly developed. 
After the destruction of Central City by fire, 
in which he was a very heavy loser, Mr. 
Tappan returned to his birthplace and old 
home, Manchester-by-the-Sea, now become a 
noted summer resort. 

Here he has since resided, giving his atten- 
tion to surveying and dealing in real estate. 
A stanch Republican in politics, he has served 
on the Central State Committee, and has taken 
an active part in town affairs. In iSSi he 
represented Manchester in the lower branch of 
the State legislature, and was on the Committee 
on the Revision of the Statutes. In 1885 and 
1886 he served as State Senator from the 
Tiiird Essex District, and was a member of 
the following committees: on Prisons, on 
Harbors and Public Lands, on Fisheries and 
Game, and on Woman's Suffrage. 

Mr. Tappan is president of the Manchester 
Historical Society, of which he was one of the 
founders, and has always taken an active 
interest in its work. He is the author of 
the chapter on Manchester contained in the 
History of Esse.x County, pujjlished in 1S8S, 
the first history of the town ever printed. 

Mr. Tappan's first wife was formerly Miss 
Anderson, of London, England. They were 
married April 7, 1S57. She died April 11, 
1867. His union with his present wife, 
Augusta Wheaton, of Manchester, took place 
in 1 88 1. Mrs. Tappan is a daughter of the 
late William E. and Sarah Edwards Wheaton, 
of Manchester, Mass. 



(JOSEPH CHANDLER NEWHALL, a 
leading farmer of Lynnfield, was born 
on August 22, 1 8 16, son of Joseph and 
Adeline (Batchelder) Newhall. The Newhall 
family, which is of English descent, came to 
New England in the early days of the Massa- 



chusetts Bay Colony. Joseph Newhall, the 
grandfather of Joseph C. , residing in a part of 
Danvers now known as South Peabody, reached 
an advanced age. By trade a stone-worker, he 
became the owner of stone cjuarries, and sup- 
plied therefrom the material for building cel- 
lars, foundations, and so forth. His son, 
Joseph, who died at the age of fifty-nine, 
settled across the road from his father's farm. 
Subsequently Joseph removed to Lynn, where 
he bought the homestead of his maternal 
grandfather, Daniel Galucia, and resided there 
during the rest of his life. His wife, Adeline, 
who died on January 26, 1866, was a daughter 
of Henry and Desire (Marsh) Bachelder, of 
Peabody. Desire was the sixth in line of 
descent from John Marsh, the founder of the 
well-known Marsh family of Salem, the line 
being through John, Zachery, Ezekiel, Ensign 
Ezekiel, and Lieutenant Ezekiel, who married 
Bethia Hartshorn. She was married on July 
13. i779> and she died on November 2, 1840. 
Joseph Chandler Newhall, who passed his 
boyhood in Salem, removed to Lynn when 
eighteen years of age. After his first mar- 
riage he lived in Peabody, where he hired his 
grandfather's farm and carried on teaming for 
twelve or thirteen years. Upon coming to 
Lynnfield he settled on the old home of his 
wife's mother, which was subsequently be- 
queathed him to hold during his life. H's 
first wife, Cinderella, born at Lynnfield on 
March 25, i8i8, died on December 11, 1855. 
She was a daughter of Roxana Newhall, who 
died the next spring after Mr. Newhall came 
to the farm, and a grand-daughter of Ezekiel 
Newhall, who settled at an early date in South 
Lynnfield. One of the five original Newhalls 
was General Josiah, whose father settled at 
South Lynnfield, on the farm adjoining that of 
Ezekiel Newhall. After he came into posses- 
sion of this property, which originally com- 



140 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



prised about thirty acres, Mr. Newhall added 
considerable land, some of which was wood- 
land lying in Lynn, and which has since been 
sold to the Lynn Water Works Company. 
He has bought also thirty acres in Peabody 
and a wood-lot which he has never seen. 
Vegetable raising occupied a large share of his 
attention until his son Frank took charge, 
since which time considerable dairying has 
been carried on. 

In October, 1856, at Reading, Mass., Mr. 
Newhall married for his second wife Alice 
Tucker. l?orn at Lynn in I'^ebrunry, 1820, 
she died on March 6, 18S1. Her death has 
been attributed to her unselfish devotion to 
her husband. A short time before, by per- 
sonally attending him through a long and 
severe illness, in which erysipelas threatened 
him with the loss of an arm, she completely 
undermined her own health, which was never 
robust. When Mr. Newhall came here he 
had only about five hundred dollars in the 
bank, but so much has his business pro.spered 
that he has been able to give to each of his 
si.x children about one thousand three hundrctl 
and fifty dollars. While he has taken a warm 
interest in town affairs, he has declined public 
office. He has, however, served on the School 
Committee. For about two years he has been 
in delicate health, and has fallen two or three 
times. Iking a heavy man, these accidents 
shocked him severely, and have caused a great 
soreness in his chest. The cane he carries is 
one that was owned by his grandfather. 

The children of Mr. Newhall, all the off- 
s|iring of his first marriage, were: Ashley 
Chandler Newhall, now a milkman residing in 
Lynn; Joseph ICverett, who is in the poultry 
business at South Lynnficld ; Cinderella, who 
married A.sa T. Newhall, recently Mayor of 
the city of Lynn fur two years; Jeremiah 
Lucian, who was a milk dealer in Lynn, and 



died at the age of forty-four; Mary, now Mrs. 
Charles Abbott, of South Lynnfield ; and 
Frank Newhall, who was born on April 3, 
1853. Frank Newhall married Urildah J., 
daughter of Nathaniel D. Putnam, of Pea- 
body, and has two children : Lena Mabel, a 
young lady of seventeen ; and P'rank Chand- 
ler, both residing with their parents. tZlected 
to the Board of Selectmen in 1885, P'rank 
Newhall served until 1895, with the exception 
of the year i8go, when he refused to serve. 
He is now Superintendent of Streets, and has 
held the position for several terms before. 
He keeps twenty-five cows, and manages a 
milk route in Lynn and in Swampscott. An 
active Democrat, he has attended various party 
conventions, and he is a prominent memlicr of 
the Esse.x County Agricultural Society. 




ARGENT S. DAY, one of the few 
captains now living in Gloucester 
that were formerly engaged in the 
P'ast India trade, was born in this place on 
P'ebruary 8, 1S20, son of Aaron and Judith 
(Tarbo.x) Da)'. He attended the public schools 
here for a number of years. While still (piite 
young he studied navigation at a private school 
devoted especially to that science. His first 
experience at sea on a long voyage was as 
cabin boy on a brig engaged in the Surinam 
trade. After making a few trips in this 
capacity he engaged as mate on the schooner 
"Cinderella," a coasting-vessel which carried 
fish to Philadelphia, and brought back a cargo 
of coal. Not finding this entirely to his lik- 
ing, he shipped a few months later as ordinary 
seaman on the "Fljen Brooks," which was 
bound from Boston to New Orleans. His 
ability and attention to business were noted 
immediately by the ship's officers, and at the 
end of his first trip he was promoted to the 



BrOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



141 



position of second mate. Later, while in the 
harbor of New Orleans, he accepted an offer 
made him to ship as second mate of the 
"R. D. Shepherd," a large, fine vessel bound 
for Liverpool. At the end of the voyage a 
more advantageous offer induced him to enter 
the service of the New York & New Orleans 
Passenger Packet Company, with which he 
spent six years, serving successively in the 
capacities of first and second lieutenant. 
On leaving the packet company he went to 
Boston, and there took charge of the "Loo 
Choo, " which sailed to l^atavia, Java. After 
twt) voyages in the position of first officer he 
was appointed captain of the "Loo Choo," 
being then only twenty - two years of age. 
When he returned from a voyage to Singapore, 
he was transferred by his ship-owners to the 
"Washington Allston, " a new ship that was 
a remarkably fine and handsome craft. His 
first voyage in her was to Batavia and his 
second to Calcutta. It was on this second 
voyage that he encountered a typhoon which 
nearly wrecked him. Mrs. Day, who was 
with her husband on that occasion, was fully 
aware of the great danger to which the shij) 
and crew were exposed ; but she showed her- 
self as brave as a sailor's wife should be. 
Upon his return Captain Day was given the 
command of the "Cohota, " one of the largest 
and most finely equipped vessels engaged in 
the East India merchant service. For thir- 
teen years he continued master of this vessel, 
to the constant satisfaction of her owners. In 
1S57 he sold the "Cohota" while in Singa- 
pore, and returned to America on another ves- 
sel as a passenger. This was the captain's 
last voyage across the ocean. The Civil War, 
which broke out shortly after his return home, 
greatly affected the foreign shipping business. 
He met the situation by buying a wharf in 
Gloucester, building three first-class fishing- 



vessels, and engaging in the fishing business. 
After a few years, however, as values in ship- 
ping property of all kinds were shrinking, he 
retired. 

The Captain's wife before her marriage was 
Lucy Greenleaf, of Gloucester. She was the 
mother of five children, of whom two are liv- 
ing. These are: Lucy Lizzie, who was born 
in 1S55, and is now the wife of Frank Tib- 
bets, of this city; Elias Elwell, born in 1863, 
who is now living at Las Cruces, N. M. The 
others were Oliver E., Charles P. L., and an 
infant daughter. Captain Day is a member of 
Tyrian Lodge, F. & A. M., and has been its 
treasurer for the last thirty-eight years. He 
is also a member of Bethlehem Comniandery, 
K. T. ; of William Person Chapter, R. A. M. ; 
and of Martha Washington Chapter, O. E. S. 
From the beginning he has been the treasurer 
of R. A. M., K. T., and O. E. S. ; and he is 
affiliated with Ocean Lodge, I. O. O. F. 




JIARLES EDWIN SYMONDS, a 
prominent citizen of Salem and a son 
of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Baker) 
.Symonds, was born in Buffum Street, June 
12, 1 819. Mr. Symonds's great-grandfather, 
Benjamin, also a native of Salem, was of the 
fifth generation descended from John Symonds, 
who is known to have been in Salem in 1636. 
According to the best available information, 
he was a farmer of Toppsfield, luigland. 
Further, he received a grant of twenty acres of 
land in Salem, and was made a freeman in 
1638. 

Benjamin Symonds, a lifelong resident of 
Salem, carried on the business of potter in 
Osborn Street. William Symonds, the grand- 
father, for many years dealt in fishermen's 
supplies, and lived to be eighty years of age. 
His wife was Eunice Gardner Symonds, 



142 



BlOGRArillCAL REVIEW 



Nathaniel Symonds, having started in lite as 
the proprietor of a grocery store, later became 
interested in the manufacture of boots and 
shoes, tl is wife, Elizabeth, was a daughter of 
Allen and Rebecca (Porter) Baker. The 
latter was a daughter of the liev. John Porter, 
pastor of the Congregational church at Ips- 
wich for many years. Allen Baker owned 
and cultivated a farm in Ipswich that was 
formerly owned by acting governor Symonds, 
who married Martha, the sister of Governor 
Endicott. Mrs. Elizabeth Symonds died at 
the age of fifty-two years. Ten of her thir- 
teen children attained maturity. 

Charles Edwin Symonds, having passed 
through the graded schools of Salem, entered 
the high school at the age of twelve years. 
After he had studied here for a year and a 
half, he began to assist his father in his fac- 
tory. Later he started in business for him- 
self as a manufacturer of rubber boots and 
gloves, and subsequently followed it until he 
was about thirty-five years old, selling for a 
time most of the boots to the California trade. 
Then he accejited a position as clerk in the 
probate office, where he remained for a brief 
period. During the following five years he 
was on the Board of Principal Assessors. He 
then was elected to the offices of City Treas- 
urer and Collector, which he filled for six or 
seven years. For fifteen years he was treas- 
urer and manager of the Salem Savings Bank. 
At the age of si.xty years he retired from 
active business, and has since devoted his 
time to liis private affairs and to his official 
duties. 

In 1843 Mr. Symonds married Miss Mary 
Jane Young, of VVenham. Six children have 
been born to them — Mary J., Sarah A., 
Charles N., John H., Lizzie Maria, and 
Arthur. Arthur died at the age of twenty- 
four years. Both parents are Unitarians, and 



have been for ft)rty-seven years constant at- 
tendants at the services of that tluuch. Mr. 
Symonds has always taken an earnest interest 
in public affairs, and has occupied many 
prominent positions in the public service of 
the city. He served as a member of the Com- 
mon Council in 1859, 1893, and 1896, being 
probably the oldest member of a City Council 
in the State; and he has been an Overseer of 
the Poor and for one term a member of the 
School Committee. 



(S>r LEXANDER SMART, a forme 
^=k riage-maker and Postmaster of 
' '°\^_^ Iliac, was born in Montrose, 



er car- 

Merri- 

Scot- 

huul, in 1842. lie was but five months old 
when his jiarents came with him to America, 
settling in Andover, Mass., where his father 
was in business for many years. At the age 
of nineteen he came to Merrimac. Soon after 
he assisted in the organization of the only 
company of volunteers sent out from Merrimac 
during the Civil War. This was Comjiany 
¥., Fourteenth Massachusetts Regiment, which 
he joined with a Lieutenant's commission. 
Attached to Colonel Satchwell's staff, he 
remained with his company until 1864, when 
he was wounded by a minie ball, which shat- 
tered his hand while he was attemiJting to 
carry a message to the field officer during an 
engagement. His was the third attempt to 
deliver the message, the other messengers 
having lost their lives in the effort. Lieu- 
tenant Smart's time of service expired while 
he was in the hospital, and he was refused re- 
enlistment on account of his physical condi- 
tion. He then returned to Merrimac, and 
was there successfully engaged in the car- 
riage business, in partnership with Mr. R. P. 
Clement, at the Lower Corner, until 1890, 
when he retired. Always active in public 




GE0R(;E H. SAMPSON. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



145 



affairs, he was a member of the Republican 
Town Committee, a delegate to various State 
and Senatorial conventions, the chairman of 
the Board of Selectmen during the year in 
which the town was set off from Amesbury, 
and in 1SS9 the district's Representative in 
the General Court of Massachusetts. Such 
was his influence in the locality that General 
Coggswell said of him, "I give him the credit 
of sending me to Washington. " 

In October, 1S64, Mr. Smart married Eliza- 
beth VV. Miller, of Andover, a refined and 
educated lady of Scottish descent. His chil- 
dren are: William L. and Abbie W. William 
L. , who is a member of the hardware firm of 
I. ]1 Little & Co., married Abbie L., daugh- 
ter of Isaac 1?. Little, and has one daughter, 
Elizabeth W. Abbie W., a graduate of the 
Merrimac High School, class of 1897, is an 
accomplished musician, and much interested 
in painting. She resides at home, and assists 
her mother in the post-office. Mr. Smart was 
appointed Postmaster of Merrimac by Presi- 
dent Harrison in i8go. He held this position 
until his death, which occurred November 14, 
1892. Having succeeded her husband in the 
office, Mrs. Smart is Postmistress of Merrimac 
at the present time. 



/^TeORGE HARVEY SAMPSON, the 
\ |ST manager of the Lynn and Salem 
branches of the Standard Oil Com- 
pany, was born in East Boston, Mass., March 
20, 1857. He is of distinguished ancestry, 
the first of his progenitors in New England 
having come over in the "Mayflower," settling 
in Plymouth. His father, Charles Sampson, 
born and bred in Duxbury, Mass., was for 
many years a member of the firm Sampson, 
Brooks & Campbell, well-known ship-builders 
of East Boston. He died in 189S, at the age 



of sixty-seven years. The mother, whose 
maiden name was Catherine Powers, was born 
in Chelsea, Mass. 

George Harvey Sampson obtained his pre- 
liminary education in the public schools of 
East Boston, after which he took a three 
years' course at the English High School of 
Boston, being graduated from there with the 
class of 1875. When eighteen years of age 
he secured a position in a gentlemen's fur- 
nishing goods store, and two years later he be- 
came a clerk for the Maverick Oil Company 
in East Boston. He was subsequently pro- 
moted to the office of foreman, and then to 
that of assistant superintendent. He contin- 
ued with the company from 1885 until 1889, 
supervising the erection of plants in Lynn, 
Stoneham, Brockton, Natick, and North An- 
dover, work for which his mechanical and 
executive ability especially adapted him. 
Since 1889 he has been the manager of the 
Lynn and Salem branches of the Standard 
Oil Company. 

Mr. Sampson was a member of the Common 
Council in 1894 and 1895, and of the Board 
of Aldermen in 1896 and 1897. In 1894 he 
was on the Finance and Water Supply Com- 
mittees, and in the following year on those of 
Finance, Street Lights, and Electricity. He 
served in 1896 on the Finance, Streets, Lay- 
ing Out, Altering Streets, Street Assess- 
ments, and License Comrnitteeb, and was 
chairman of those on Street Lights and Elec- 
tricity. A "true-blue Republican," he is an 
active worker in the party. In 1894 and 1895 
he was a member of the Lynn City Republi- 
can Club, being its treasurer in the latter 
year. Now he is a member of the Lynn Re- 
publican Club. In May, 1898, he was elected 
chairman of the Republican City Committee. 
He was the regular nominee of his party 
for Mayor in 1897. He is an Odd Fellow 



.46 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of East Lynn Lodge, No. 207; a member of 
Central Lodge, No. 25, A. O. U. W., of 
luist l^oston ; a member of the Lynn Lodge 
of Klks, No. 117; and he belongs to the Alter 
Ego Club, to the Lynn Veteran Firemen's 
Association, and to the Lynn Press Club. On 
December 23, 1880, in East Boston, he mar- 
ried Miss Mary L. McAuley, who was born in 
Everett, Mass. They have three children — 
George \V. , Lawrence F., and Edith May. 



/^IIARLES W. MEARS, a prosperous 
I V''^ farmer and well-known ice dealer of 
^ ^ ^ ^ Esse.x, was born in this town, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1859, son of Solomon P. and Martha 
J. (Rollins) Mears. His great-grandfather, 
Samuel Mears, was an Englishman, who set- 
tled upon a farm in Essex. The grandfather, 
also named Samuel, who was a lifelong resi- 
dent of this town, tilled the soil, and followed 
the trade of a shoemaker during his active 
period. lie married Sally Burnham ; and his 
children were: Samuel, John, Solomon P., 
Asa, Rufus, Lydia, Mary Ann, and Martha. 
Rufus Mears served in the Civil War, and 
died in Libby Prison. 

Solomon P. Mears, father of Charles W. , 
was born in Essex; and when a young man he 
learned the shoemaker's trade. He followed 
it in connection with farming, and died in 
November, 1894. His wife, Martha, was 
born in Farmington, Me., daughter of Stanley 
and Martha Rollins, who were prosperous 
farming ])eoi:)le. She has had six children ; 
namely, William F"rank, Warren P., Charles 
W. , Emma, Clara Belle, and Jennie M. 
Jennie died in 1875. William F., a shoe- 
maker, residing in Essex, married Emily P. 
Doty, of Hamilton, Mass., and has two 
children — Chester and Clifford. Warren P., 
a shoemaker in Newton, N.H., married 



Nellie Knowlton, of Hamilton, and has three 
children — I'iuby, P'red, and Leonard. P^nima 
is the wife of P'red Berry, a farmer in Hamil- 
ton. Her children are: Ernest, Ralph, and 
Martha Jane. Clara Belle is residing at the 
homestead with her mother. 

Charles W. Mears acquired a common-school 
education, and resided at home until he was 
eighteen years old. He then engaged as a 
farm assistant in Hamilton at twelve dollars 
[ler month. After remaining there eight 
months he entered the employ of the Winkley 
& Maddocks Ice Company, of Charlestown, 
Mass. With this firm he remained five years, 
having charge of its business in Essex, New- 
ton, and Wolfboro, N.H., for the greater 
part of the time. Then he spent six years 
engaged in the retail ice business in Essex. 
In that time he purchased the Brighton farm, 
which he has since carried on. In 1889 he 
sold his ice business in this town to Story & 
Story; and in the following winter he stored 
ice in Wolfboro, N. H., for speculation, sell- 
ing later to Winkley & Maddocks at a good 
profit. At the present time he is engaged in 
cultivating his farm of fifty-six acres, and also 
does considerable teaming and jobbing. Al- 
though he favors the Republican party in poli- 
tics, he is not a partisan, and votes for the 
candidates whom he considers best qualified 
for the jjublic service. He holds the office of 
Street Commissioner, and the able manner in 
which he conducts the affairs of that depart- 
ment is giving general satisfaction. 

On October 17, 1881, Mr. Mears was joined 
in marriage with Nellie M. Thurston. She 
was born in Wolfboro, N. H., June 9, 1862, 
daughter of Francis and Melissa Jane (Frost) 
Thurston, of that town. Her father died in 
1889, and his widow is now residing with her 
daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Mears have three 
children, namely: Ada Thurston, born August 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



147 



2, 1884; Ikrtram Wallace, born October 7, 
1885; and Dclmer Roland, born June 26, 
1889. Mr. Mears was the thirty-seventh man 
to sign the application for the charter of P^ern- 
vvood Lodge, No. 81, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, of Gloucester, which now has a 
membership of over five hundred. He is also 
connected with Starr King Lodge, No. Si, 
Knights of Pythias, of Essex. As one of the 
leading young men of this town he takes an 
active interest in its general welfare, and his 
progressive tendencies make him quite pop- 
ular. ]5oth he and Mrs. Mears are members 
of the Congregational church. 



Tt^ICHARD DODGE, formerly a promi- 
I ^^ nent resident and a native of Wen- 
-1^ V^ ^ ham, was born in 1804, son of John 
T. and Polly Dodge. His grandfather, Cap- 
tain Richard Dodge, commanded a company in 
the Revolutionary army. The Dodges were 
among the early settlers of Wenham. Having 
taken an active part in the political affairs of 
Wenham, Richard Dodge served as a Select- 
man for a number of years, also as Town 
Assessor and Overseer of the Poor. In poli- 
tics he was a Whig. He died in 1850. He 
married Mary A. B. Gammon, of Bath, Me. 
Four of their children are living; namely, 
Robert Frank, Mary A., Harriet E. , and 
John T. , all residents of Wenham. Mary is 
the widow of William G. Pingree, late of 
Wenham, Mass. ; and Harriet is the widow of 
the late Thomas P. Pingree, who also resided 
in Wenham. The father served as a Major 
in the militia, and was known familiarly as 
Major Richard Dodge. 

Thomas P. Pingree was born in Salem, 
Mass., in 1830, son of David Pingree, who 
was also a native of Esse.x County. He was 
educated in the public and private schools of 



Salem. Early in life he embarked in a mer- 
cantile business in his native town, and fol- 
lowed it with success until his death, which 
occurred May 18, 1876. During his last 
years he lived in Wenham. In politics he 
was a Democrat. His widow, Harriet E. 
Dodge Pingree, resides at the beautiful Pin- 
gree homestead in Wenham, where she holds 
a high social position, and is much esteemed. 




HARLES E. PARKHURST, the 



manager of the Marine Railway and 
a highly respected citizen of 
Gloucester, is a native of Topsfield, Mass. 
He was born January 3, 1S41, son of Charles 
and Elizabeth (Andrews) Parkhurst. The 
first of this family to come to America was 
Hugh Parkhurst, great-grandfather of Charles 
E. , who left his home in London in 
consequence of a dispute with his father upon 
American politics. He arrived in New Eng- 
land about the year 1770, and settled in 
Gloucester, where, being a well-educated man, 
he soon found employment as a teacher in the 
public schools. At the battle of Bunker Hill 
he was in Captain Rowe's company. On the 
expiration of the time for which he had en- 
listed he returned to Gloucester, and shipped 
on the privateer "Yankee Hero." Subse- 
quently he was killed in an engagement with 
the British frigate "Milford, " vvliich carried 
thirty-six guns. He left an only son, Will- 
iam, the grandfather of Charles E. Parkhurst, 
who died here in Gloucester in 1853. Will- 
iam had five sons, who were engaged in the 
fishery business, and owned fishing-fleets. 

Charles E. Parkhurst was educated in the 
public schools of Gloucester. Upon leaving 
school he entered the employ of his father, 
who owned a store, and engaged in selling 
supplies to fishing-vessels. The young man 



148 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



was kept busy for the fleet tliat his father then 
owned, numbering twenty-five vessels. In 
1 866 he and his father purchased the Marine 
Railway, of which he is now the manager. 
Mr. Parkhurst is a member of Ocean Lodge, 
No. 91, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
In 1863 he married Mary J. Low, of Rockport, 
and has one daughter, Mamie B. Parkhurst, 
living at home. 




LFRED S. JEWETT, Town Clerk of 
Manchester and the present chairman 
of the Board of Selectmen, is a 
native of Salisbury, Mass. Born on August 
8, 1840, he is a son of Alfred W. and Abigail 
(Sargent) Jewett, the former a native of New- 
buryport and the latter of Pittsfield, N. H. 
The Jewett family originated with two broth- 
ers, Joseph and Maximilian, who came from 
England about the year 1636, and settled in 
Rowley, Mass., Joseph Jewett having been 
the direct ancestor of the subject of this 
sketch. Thomas Jewett, grandfather of Al- 
fred S. , was a soldier in the War of 181 2. 

Alfred VV. Jewett was one of the prominent 
citizens of Manchester and a thorough type of 
the old Puritan. When a boy he removed 
from Newburyport to Salisbury, where he 
eventually went into the furniture business. 
In 1844 he came to Manchester, and from 1846 
to 1 868 he was engaged in the manufacture 
of furniture in this place. He retired from 
business in 1868, and died twenty years later. 
Of his children, the survivors are: Edgar 
M., Alfred S., George W., and Orrin W. 
All reside in Manchester except Edgar, who 
is a resident of Portsmouth, N. H. The father 
had served on the School Board of Manchester 
and on the Board of Selectmen. 

Alfred S. Jewett grew to manhood in Man- 
chester, and was educated in the public schools 



of the town. Never losing the scholar's in- 
stinct, he has always been a reader and 
thinker, and is well informed on the general 
topics of the day. At seventeen he entered 
his father's shop and began to learn the trade 
of cabinet-maker. After working there for 
five years he enlisted for service in the Civil 
War in July, 1862, joining Company K of the 
Thirty-eighth Massachusetts Volunteer Infan- 
try as a private. He served under General 
Banks in the Red River campaign and under 
Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, and 
fought in the siege and battle of Port Hudson, 
at the battle of Cane River in General Banks's 
retreat, in the battle of Opequan Creek, where 
Sheridan was victorious, and at Winchester, 
l-^isher's Hill, and in minor engagements. 
Excepting about six weeks during which he 
was ill of malarial fever in Louisiana, he was 
with his regiment throughout the entire term 
of service, and was practically one of the 
twenty-five men in the regiment who were 
always on duty. He was frequently assigned 
to special duty and clerical work. After his 
discharge in July, 1S65, he returned to Man- 
chester, and was for a time an employee of 
his father. In 1868, upon the retirement of 
his father, he and his brother, George W. 
Jewett, joined in the firm A. S. & G. W. 
Jewett, and continued the furniture manufact- 
uring business which had been founded by the 
elder Mr. Jewett. The firm has been in 
active business down to the present time. 

Mr. Jewett married Jane F. Leach, of Man- 
chester. In politics he is a Republican. He 
takes an active part in the affairs of the town, 
and is in favor of any movement tending to 
the public welfare. Inheriting from a line of 
Puritan ancestry a strict regard for honesty 
and upright character, he is yet liberal in his 
views, and is inclined to look with charity on 
the shortcomings of others. He is a member 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



149 



of the Congregational church. Mr. Jewett 
has served his fellow-townsmen in nearly all 
the important administration offices. He has 
been auditor and treasurer //v tcin., member 
of the Public Library Board and of the School 
Committee. Since 1888 he has served con- 
tinuously as Town Clerk, and since 1890 he 
has been chairman of the Selectmen and Over- 
seer of the Poor. He has been Commander of 
Allen Post, No. 6-], G. A. R., of which he is 
a member; and he is at present serving as 
Quartermaster in that body. For years he has 
been a member of the Republican Town Com- 
mittee, and he also has been a Justice of the 
Peace. 




[HENEZER PARSONS, of Lynnfield, 
farmer, held in much esteem as a citi- 
zen and neighbor, and well known in 
liberal religious circles of Essex County, may 
be briefly characterized as one of that type of 
men who, by consistent devotion to plain, 
earnest living and high thinking, uncon- 
sciously elevate the tone of the community in 
which they dwell. He was born in Lynnfield 
July 28, 1832, son of Ebenexer and Mary 
(Hart) Parsons, and is the third in direct line 
to bear his name. On the paternal side Mr. 
Parsons is a descendant in the seventh genera- 
tion of Joseph Parsons, who emigrated from 
England about the year 1635, settled at 
Springfield, Mass., in 1636, was Cornet of a 
troop of Hampshire cavalry, and in 1655 '^'^^ 
one of the founders of Northampton. Cornet 
Joseph Parsons married Mary Bliss; and the 
next in this line, their son Esquire Joseph 
Parsons, who was the third Justice of the 
Court of Conmion Pleas, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Elder John Strong, first Ruling 
Elder of the church at Northampton, Mass. 
The Rev. David Parsons, son of Esquire 



Joseph and Elizabeth, was born in 16S0, grad- 
uated at Harvard College in 1705, was set- 
tled over a church in Maiden, Mass., for sev- 
eral years, and later was settled in Leicester, 
Mass., where he died in 1743. The maiden 
name of his wife was Sarah Stebbins. 

Israel Parsons, son of the Rev. David and 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was born at Leicester in 1722, and resided 
there until his death, which occurred in 1767. 
He married a widow, Mrs. Lois Bancroft 
Wiley. She was a daughter of Captain Eben- 
ezer and Ruth (Boutwell) Bancroft, and grand- 
daughter of Captain Ebenezer Bancroft, Sr. , 
whose father, Thomas Bancroft, came to Lynn- 
field in 1640, being one of the earliest settlers 
in what was then the North Precinct of Lynn. 
A deed to Thomas Bancroft, dated 1657, is now 
in the possession of the subject of this sketch. 

Ebenezer Parsons, first, Mr. Parsons's 
grandfather, son of Israel, was born at Leices- 
ter, March 13, 1762. Left fatherless when he 
was five years old, he came to Lynnfield with 
his mother, and spent his boyhood upon the 
farm of his maternal grandfather, Captain 
Ebenezer Bancroft. At the death of the latter 
he became the owner of the Bancroft home- 
stead, and was a prosperous farmer of Lynn- 
field. He also kept the Sun Tavern for 
many years. He was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. In his religious views he was a Meth- 
odist, and he gave some land conditionally to 
the church. He died April 17, 1843. His 
wife, Nabby Smith, whom he married on 
November 18, 1787, was born in Lynnfield 
April g, 1765, daughter of Amos and Abigail 
(Hart) Smith, and died May 16, 1849. Their 
children were: Nabby, Ebenezer, and Israel 
Augustus. 

Ebenezer Parsons, second, the father above 
mentioned, was born in Lynnfield, August 17, 
1794. He was a farmer by occupation. 



15° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Never seeking publicity, ho yet took a lively 
interest in town affairs, and served frequently 
on committees and in minor offices. He was 
married October 17, 1824, to Mary Hart, who 
was born December 17, 1792. She was a 
descendant of Isaac Hart, who was a resident 
of Lynn in 1640, and who served in King 
Philip's War. A deed to him of five hundred 
acres of land is in the possession of Mr. Par- 
sons. Isaac Hart's son, Captain Samuel Hart, 
by tradition a ship-master, and John, son of 
the Captain, were men of substance in what is 
now Lynnfield. John Hart married Mehitable 
Endicott, great-grand-daughter of Governor 
John Endicott. Mr. Parsons 'is descended 
from this couple through their son John and 
their grandson. Captain Ebenezer Hart, who 
was a Revolutionary soldier, and afterward 
a member of the General Court from Lynn, of 
which Lynnfield was then a part. Ebenezer 
Parsons, second, died April 17, 1853; and 
Mrs. Mary Hart Parsons died March i8, 
1864. 

Their son, Ebenezer Parsons, third, ob- 
tained his elementary education in the com- 
mon schools, and afterward acquired a knowl- 
edge of Latin, French, and German. He has 
taught private pupils in these studies, as well 
as in vocal and instrumental music. He in- 
herited, especially from his mother, a love of 
reading; and, though he has not had a college 
training, he is well versed in many subjects. 
Fond of flowers, he is an authority on the 
plant life of the fields and woods of his neigh- 
borhood. Seeking the best culture books can 
give, he is abreast of the age in thought, and 
has written poems worthy to rank with many 
of those of acknowledged masters. Having 
naturally a remarkably fine voice and excellent 
taste in reading, and being an earnest liberal 
in religious belief, it was natural he should 
be urged to conduct services as a lay preacher 



for the remnant of the First Congregational 
Society (Unitarian) of his native town. This 
he did, with the exception of one year which 
he spent in Troy, N.Y. , for more than twenty 
years, occasionally giving a sermon of his 
own. For years he also led the musical part 
of the exercises. A Republican in politics, 
he has been a member of the School Commit- 
tee, one of the Selectmen, Town Clerk, vice- 
president of the Improvement Society, and is 
still frequently called upon to assist by read- 
ing or writing in other activities of the town. 
Still, his regard for what he holds to be dearer 
than office, dearer than the praise of his fel- 
low-townspeople — his ideal of truth and honor 
— is so high that he is not always with his 
party in town or State affairs. In other words, 
he is a genuine, conscientious Independent in 
thought and action. 

On March 24, 1863, Mr. Parsons was joined 
in marriage with Mary Alvina Dodge. She 
was born in Ipswich, Mass., March 21, 1839, 
daughter of Nathan Dane and Sarah (Shep- 
herd) Dodge, and is a descendant of John 
Dodge, of Somerset, England, through his 
sons Richard and William. Nathan Dane 
Dodge, a good citizen and a loyal Christian, 
was named for his great-uncle, the Hon. 
Nathan Dane, renowned jurist and statesman, 
brother of his grandfather, Samuel Dane, who 
was one of the militia company from ]5everly 
that responded to the Lexington alarm in 
April, 1775. William Dodge came to New 
England in 1629, and his brother Richard 
came in 1638. Both settled at Salem, after- 
ward Beverly. Mrs. Parsons' s father de- 
scended through the male line from Richard 
Dodge, and, by intermarriage of ancestral kin 
(not, however, of first cousins), from William 
also. Among his other remote ancestors may 
be named "that honored old planter," John 
Woodbury, who came to Cape Ann four years 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



iSi 



nfter the landing of the Pilgrims, and John's 
brother William, who was one of the pilots of 
the expedition for the capture of St. John's 
and Port Royal. Mr. Dodge's great-grand- 
father, Livermore Whittredge, was a member 
of the Committee of Correspondence and 
Safety formed in Beverly in 1773. 

Mrs. Sarah Shepherd Dodge, mother of 
Mrs. Parsons, was a descendant of the Shep- 
herds long ago living in Salisbury, Mass., 
whence her great-grandfather, Isaac Shepherd, 
removed to New Hampshire. His son Isaac 
served in the army of the Revolution, attain- 
ing the rank of Sergeant; and after the war he 
became Major. He served as Representative 
to the General Court several years. Mrs. 
Dodge's maternal grandfather, Mark Howe, 
was a surgeon in the Revolution. He was 
a son of Lieutenant Howe, Deacon of a Con- 
gregational church in Ipswich, and his wife, 
who was grand-daughter of the Rev. William 
Perkins, of Topsfield. Dr. Howe married 
Mary, grand-daughter of the Rev. Edward and 
Elizabeth (Phillips) Payson, of Rowley. Mr. 
Payson's mother was Mary, sister of the Rev. 
John Eliot, the apostle to the Indians; while 
his wife's parents were the Rev. Samuel and 
Sarah (Appleton) Phillips, founders of per- 
haps the most illustrious line in New I^ng- 
land, when one recalls the Phillips Academies 
of Andover, Mass., and Exeter, N.H., Wen- 
dell Phillips, and the Rev. Phillips Brooks, 
the good bishojD. It may here be remarked 
that the last named was related to Mr. Dodge 
through the Woodbury and to Mrs. Dodge 
through the Phillips line. 

Among her ancestors were also Lieutenant 
P'rancis Peabody, of Ipswich and Topsfield, 
Francis Lambert, Ezekiel Northend, and Mark 
Prime, all of Rowley. 

Mrs. Parsons was educated in Ipswich, en- 
joying the advantages of the high school and. 



for a term, of the excellent Ladies' Seminary, 
when the Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Covvles had charge 
of it. Afterward she was graduated from the 
Salem Normal School. She has taught in the 
public schools, and has had private pupils. 
Also she has written for newspapers and mag- 
azines. She is the author of "The Ancestry 
of Nathan Dane Dodge and of his Wife, Sarah 
Shepherd Dodge." She was an active mem- 
ber of the First Congregational Society, 
working earnestly for its interests during the 
fifteen years of her connection with it. She 
is greatly interested in temperance and educa- 
tion, and gladly forwards any intellectual 
movement among her neighbors. She is a 
member of the Lynn Historical Society, and 
has done a good deal of genealogical work. 
Mr. and Mrs. Parsons occupy a pleasant resi- 
dence at Lynnfield Centre. They are the 
parents of one son, Starr Parsons, born Sep- 
tember 4, 1869, now City Solicitor of Lynn. 
(P'or his personal history see next sketch.) 




TARR PARSONS, attorney-at-law, 
son of Ebenezer and Mary A. 
(Dodge) Parsons, was fitted for col- 
lege at the Boston Latin School, where he 
took high rank, having entered at the age of 
thirteen. He won the Franklin medal, be- 
sides several other prizes, ai;d wrote the class 
song vvhich was sung at his graduation in 1887. 
At Harvard University he was chosen a mem- 
ber of the Classical Club, also of the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society, and was graduated magna cum 
landc in 1891. He taught a year in St. Paul's 
School, Concord, N. H., was admitted to the 
Essex County bar by examination at Salem 
in October, 1892, and formed that year 
a partnership in the law business with Mr. 
Walter H. Southwick, of Lynn. Mr. Par- 
sons's ability soon placed him in the front 



1S2 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



rank of his profession in this city. On May 
22, 1897, he was elected by the City Council 
to complete the unexpired term of J. R. Bald- 
win, late City Solicitor; and on the second 
Tuesday in July following he was re-elected 
to that position for the ensuing year. 

He married June 26, 1894, Miss Minnie 
Cora ]3ickford, daughter of Charles M. and 
Laura A. (Ellis) Bickford. She was born 
July 2, 1869, in Belgrade, Me. Among her 
ancestors were Mark Frost, a soldier of the 
Revolution, and Benjamin Frost, a soldier in 
the second war with Great Britain ; while botii 
her father and his father were in the Civil 
War. Her great-grandfather, William Mor- 
rill, was the father of three State Governors, 
one of whom, the Hon. Lot M. Morrill, was 
Secretary of the United States Treasury under 
General Grant. Mr. and Mrs. Starr Parsons 
have one son, Eben, born March 10, 1896. 

Mr. Parsons is a member and a Past Chan- 
cellor of Peter Woodland Lodge, No. 72, 
Knights of Pythias, a member of Euphrates 
Senate, No. 362, K. A. E. O., and also a 
member of the Park Club. 



('ff^YOHN LLOYD, a well-known business 
man of Gloucester and a native of the 
town, was born on January 14, 1825, 
son of John and Martha (Hoffain) Lloyd. 
His paternal grandfather, who was a Welsh- 
man, emigrated from his native land to Amer- 
ica, and settled in Virginia, whence he came 
with his family to Gloucester. Here his son 
John Lloyd, Sr., learned the rope-maker's 
trade, and worked at it during the rest of his 
life. Martha Lloyd, the lattcr's wife, was a 
daughter of Adam Hoffain. 

After obtaining his education in the public 
schools of his native town, young John Lloyd 
worked for a time at rope-making under his 



father's guidance. Later, however, he learned 
the business of a barber, in which he was 
engaged until 1869. In that year, in accord- 
ance with the advice of his physician, he gave 
up all business for a time, and devoted him- 
self to building up his health, which had 
become much impaired. In 1872, after re- 
ceiving a diploma from the Oriental School of 
Embalming in Boston, he started in his pres- 
ent line of business, that of undertaker and 
funeral director. Since then he has acquired 
an excellent reputation in this and the sur- 
rounding towns for skilful and painstaking 
work. It is stated that he has now the largest 
business of the kind in Gloucester. 

Mr. Lloyd was married to Mary McKenna, 
a daughter of Bernard and Abigail (Perkins) 
McKenna. Her grandfather, Nathaniel Per- 
kins, Jr., was a soldier of the Revolution, 
having enlisted in the Continental army in 
July, 1775, and upon the expiration of his 
term of service re-enlisted in January, 1776. 
He was in the service until November 24, 
1776, when he was honorably discharged. 
Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd have one son, John 
Lloyd, Jr., born in 1847, ^^o married Emma 
F. Rowe, and has three children. The latter 
are: Aaron, who was born in 1869; Mary P., 
who was born in 1S74; and Edward, who was 
born in 1876. Aaron is a graduate of the 
Oriental School of Embalming in Boston, and 
is now engaged in business with his grand- 
father. He is a Mason of Tyrian Lodge, 
William Ferson, R. A. M., and the Bethlehem 
Commandery, and an Odd Fellow of Ocean 
Lodge and Cape Ann Encampment. Mary 
resides with her parents. lulward is a book- 
keeper in Gloucester. Mr. Lloyd, Sr. , is a 
member of Ocean Lodge, No. 91, I. O. O. ¥., 
to which he has belonged for fifty years, and 
of which he is Past Noble Grand; of Cape 
Ann Encampment; Sea Shore Lodge; Tyrian 




DAVID S. J'RESSON. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



I5S 



Lodge, F. &. A. M., of which he is Past Mas- 
ter; of William Ferson Chapter, R. A. M. ; 
of Bethlehem Commandery, K. T. ; of Boston 
Consistory; of Salem Council, Royal and Se- 
lect Masters; of Salem Lodge of Protection; 
Mount Olivet Chapter, Rose Croix; of Con- 
stantine Lodge, K. of P. ; and of the Improved 
Order of Red Men. He enjoys the full confi- 
dence of his fellow-townsmen and the good 
will of all who know him. 



M 



AVID S. PRESSON, the president 
of the Gloucester Mutual Fishing 
Insurance Company, was born in 
this city, August 5, 1838, son of Leonard J. 
and Caroline M. (Winchester) Presson. He 
is a descendant of William and Priscilla Pres- 
ton, of Beverly, Mass. Their form of the sur- 
name was retained by their son, Randall Pres- 
ton, who was born in ]3everly, April 3, 1702. 
William Presson, the great-grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, born in Beverly, April 
20, 1737, moved to Gloucester, where he fol- 
lowed the tailor's trade. On August 6, 1761, 
he was joined in marriage with Abigail Sar- 
gent, of Essex, Mass., and he died December 
20, 1 8 14. 

William Presson (second), the grandfather 
of David S., was born in Gloucester, January 
•3. '775- "^^ '^" LMrly age he became a sailor. 
When a young man he was the master of a 
vessel engaged in the foreign trade; and he 
continued to follow the sea until his death, 
which occurred December 8, 1830. He mar- 
ried Sarah Parran, daughter of Alexander 
Parran, of Gloucester. Alexander Parran was 
one of the first men to join Captain Warner's 
company, which marched from Gloucester to 
participate in the battle of Bunker Hill. In 
the memorable engagement he was struck by 
a musket ball, which lodged against his right 



shoulder-blade, having broken his collar-bone 
in its passage, and which was extracted three 
months afterward. He rejoined the army at 
Cambridge; but on August 11, 1777, as he 
had lost the use of his right arm, he was ap- 
pointed Third Lieutenant by the General 
Court, and stationed in Gloucester. He later 
sailed as superintendent of cargo on board a 
vessel having letters of marque, and bound for 
Guadeloupe. In attempting to pass a fort in 
the night, the vessel was fired upon and sunk, 
and he was drowned. Leonard J. Presson, the 
father of David S. , was born in Gloucester, 
October 25, 1812. He began life as a clerk 
in a store, was for some time a civil engineer, 
from 1834 to 1839 the Postmaster in Glouces- 
ter, and a clerk and Deputy Collector of Cus- 
toms from 1849 to 1863. He died on January 
5, 1864. His wife, Caroline, a daughter of 
John and Elizabeth Winchester, of this city, 
became the mother of seven children — Har- 
riet, Caroline M., David S. , Leonard J., 
Charles B. , George R., and Mary E. Harriet, 
now deceased, married William A. Pew, of 
Gloucester. Leonard J. and Charles B. reside 
in Gloucester. Mary E. is the wife of John 
E. Somes and a resident of Gloucester. 
George R. lives in San Francisco, Cal. The 
mother was a member of the Baptist church. 

David S. Presson was educated in the 
Gloucester public schools. While still young 
he was appointed to a clerkship in the custom- 
house, where he remained three years. He 
was subsequently employed as book-keeper by 
John Pew & Son for about four years, was in 
the fish business in St. Louis, Mo., a year, 
was book-keeper for Sinclair & Lowe, of 
Gloucester, for two years, and in Richmond, 
Me., he was engaged in ship-building for five 
years. Returning to Gloucester in 1867, he 
was employed in book-keeping by Brown 
Brothers for two years and by Clarke & Somes 



156 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



for twelve years. He was appointed Collector 
of Customs in 1885, holding office until 1890; 
and then he became the president of the Mut- 
ual Fishing Insurance Company. He is a 
director, the treasurer, and the clerk of the 
Gloucester Street Railway Company, of which 
he was one of the promoters and incorporators. 
Politically, Mr. Presson is a Democrat. He 
served as a member of the Common Council 
for the first two years under the city charter, 
and was a member of the School Committee 
from 1882 to 18S5. A member of Tyrian 
Lodge, F. & A. M., he belongs to William 
Person Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, and 
he is a Past Eminent Commander of l^ethlehem 
Commandery, Knights Templar. His relig- 
ious belief is the Universalist. On August 8, 
1866, he first married Augusta, daughter of 
Captain William E. Herrick. She died Oc- 
tober 16, 1869, leaving one son— John S. A 
second marriage, on July 25, 1877, united 
him with Ruthelia Allen, daughter of John P. 
Allen, of Manchester, Mass. 



OHN BAKER, of Manchester-by-the- 
Sea, the popular and energetic super- 
intendent of the Essex County Club, 
was born in this town on February 22, 1S58. 
A son of John and Nancy A. (Merrill) Baker, 
respectively natives of Ipswich, Mass., and 
Groton, N.H., he comes of an old family that 
has long given leading men to the district. 

The Bakers came from England to Ipswich, 
Mass., then called Agawam, about the year 
1638. Owing to faulty records, this branch 
can be traced only to John's great-grandfather, 
Ebenezer, who was born in 1741, and died 
April 22, 1794. Ebenezer in 1765 married 
Jemima Annable, who was born in 1740, and 
died December 17, 1823. Soon after his mar- 
riage he moved to Manchester, where his chil- 



dren were born. The latter were: Joseph, 
Robert, Betsy, Bethiah, Polly, and Eben. 
Robert, the grandfather of John, born Novem- 
ber 19, 1767, married on October 12, 1795, 
Lucretia Burnham in Ipswich, where he 
rented a farm, and where his children — 
Lucretia, Lucy, and John — were afterward 
born. 

John Baker, Sr. , whose birth occurred on 
September 26, 1S03, died January 7, 1877. 
When a lad of fourteen his father moved 
to Manchester, and purchased the John 
Osmon farm, which is still in the family. 
He helped to found the Baptist Church of 
Manchester, was one of its supporters, both 
financially and morally, and a Deacon of it 
from its organization until his death. Prom- 
inent in the militia, he devoted considerable 
time to military practice. In politics he was 
a Republican. In 1857 he married Nancy A. 
Merrill, of Hopkinton, who survives him, and 
is now past sixty years of age. Their chil- 
dren are : John, Robert, Lucy, Eben, and 
Lorenzo. 

John Baker grew to manhood in this town, 
receiving his education in the graded schools 
and high school. When fourteen years of 
age he was obliged to assume practically the 
charge of his father's business affairs, on ac- 
count of the poor health of the latter, having 
to look after the farm and saw-mill, and later 
to carrying on a milk business. In this last 
he was associated with his brother Robert for 
a number of years, after which he sold out, 
and thereafter for a time confined himself to 
teaming and gardening. Feeling convinced 
that larger opportunities awaited him in the 
West, he finally sold out his other interests 
to Robert and Lorenzo Baker, and went to 
Sanborn, Col. Here he was for three years 
the superintendent for the Thurlow Land and 
Live Stock Company. Returning to Man- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



A 



VIEW 



157 



Chester at the end of that time, he took his 
present position as superintendent of the 
Essex County Club, the grounds of which are 
devoted to golf, tennis, and other open air 
sports. 

Mr. 15aker was married first to Mary B. 
Dade, of Manchester, and by her has one 
daughter, Hattie Florence Baker. A second 
marriage united him with Hattie Francella 
Damon, of Reading, Mass., whose children 
are : John Irving and Harry Damon Baker. 
Mr. Baker is a Republican in politics, and 
has served one year as Constable of Manches- 
ter. He is an esteemed member of the 
I. O. O. F. Alive to every movement for 
progress, he is loyally devoted to the interests 
of the town. 



B 



AVID LOW, the well-known farmer 
and gardener of Esse.x, was born in 
this town, April 25, 1822, son of 
David and Betsey (Story) Low. The pater- 
nal grandfather, Thomas Low, owned and cul- 
tivated a farm situated in the northern part 
of Esse.x. He married Dolly Choate, and had 
a family of eight children — Thomas, David, 
Jeremiah, Joshua, Caleb, Josiah, Polly, and 
Sidney. 

David Low, Sr., the father of the subject of 
this sketch and a lifelong resident of Esse.x, 
followed the butchering business in connec- 
tion with farming. He was a man of con- 
siderable prominence, took an active part in 
military affairs, serving as a Captain in the 
State militia, and was highly respected for 
his many commendable qualities. He died 
June 16, 1870. His wife, Betsey, was a 
daughter of Michael and Betsey (Goodhue) 
Story. Her father, a farmer and a carpenter 
of this town, was accidentally killed in 1797 
while assisting in raising a barn. Her 
mother was again married to Thomas Gid- 



dings, by whom she had two sons — Job and 
Paul; and she died in Maine. David and 
Betsey Low were the parents of nine children; 
namely, Elizabeth, Clarissa, Mary Ann, 
David, Michael S., Asenath, James O. , Sid- 
ney, and Lydia M. Elizabeth married Daniel 
Hartwell, a teamster of Danvers, Mass., both 
now deceased. Their children — Elizabeth, 
Selinda, and Martha — are also deceased. 
Clarissa, now deceased, married successively 
Jonathan Story and Jonathan Lufkin. By the 
latter she had four children — Orvilla, Jona- 
than L., Jonathan L. (second), and Clarissa. 
Mary Ann is the wife of Ezra Burnham, of 
Essex, and has five children — ■ Mary E., Ezra 
F., Lewis O., Sidney A., and Gardner. 
Asenath married J. W. Johnson, of New 
Gloucester, Me., a pedler residing in Essex, 
and had three children — Albert C, Walter, 
and Mildred. Both the parents are deceased. 
James O. , who was born May i, 1830, fol- 
lowed shoemaking early in life, and in his 
later years has been engaged in farming. On 
November 6, 1856, he married Abigail, a 
daughter of John and Lydia (Holmes) Burn- 
ham, of Essex, and who died in June, 1S89. 
Her children were: Edna B., who married 
Frank Hardy, and died in 1881, leaving one 
son, Frank; Abbie F., who is the wife of 
Enoch Story, an ice dealer of P^ssex, and has 
one son, Enoch F. ; Lydia H. and Betsey S., 
who are residing at home; Jennie E., who is 
the wife of Caleb M. Cogswell, a farmer of 
Essex, and has two sons — Marshall and Wil- 
bur L. ; and James O., Jr., Susan, and Jessie, 
who are residing at home. Sidney Low, who 
followed the trade of a shoemaker besides 
tilling the soil in his native town, married 
Abbie H. Burnham, of Essex, and died at the 
age of forty-eight years, leaving two children 
— Elizabeth and Frances. Lydia M. Low 
married Daniel W. Burnham, a ship-carpenter 



IS8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of Essex, and has three children — Maria, 
Lillian, and Alonzo. 

After receiving his education in the com- 
mon schools David Low, the subject of this 
sketch, learned the shoemaker's trade. This 
he followed as a journeyman for about nine- 
teen years, and then engaged in the manu- 
facture of boots and shoes upon his own ac- 
count, which he carried on profitably for 
twenty-five years. At the expiration of that 
time he retired, and is now residing at the 
old homestead. Here, keeping a hot-house, 
he gives his attention to market gardening, 
besides making a specialty of the raising of 
plants and flowers, including tomato slips and 
large quantities of pansies and violets. An- 
other source of income to him is his interest 
as a part owner of the well-known Centennial 
Grove in Essex, which is used extensively 
during the summer season for excursions and 
picnic parties. 

On April 9, 1846, Mr. Low was united in 
marriage with Mrs. Hannah Maria (I^ow) 
Low, daughter of Warren and Mary (Babcock) 
Low, the former of whom was a farmer and a 
fisherman of Essex. Mrs. David Low became 
the mother of seven children — Asenath M., 
George W., Herbert, David E., Anna B., 
Gertrude, and Mamie IL Asenath M. mar- 
ried Washington Tarr, a ship -builder of 
Essex, and died April 10, 1S87, leaving one 
daughter, Asenath T. George W., who is a 
farmer and gardener of this town, married 
Abbie Knowlton, of Essex, whose children 
and herself are now deceased. Herbert is as- 
sii5ting his father in carrying on the farm. 
David E., who is engaged in farming in 
I"3ssex, married Annie Story, who died in 
1896, leaving one daughter, 151anche. Ger- 
trude married lulwin H. York, of Rockport, 
Mass., who is a baggage-master on the Boston 
& Maine Railroad. Anna B. and Mamie 11. 



are residing at home. Mrs. David Low died 
in April, 1886. Politically, Mr. Low is an 
active supporter of the Democratic party, and 
has served with ability as a Selectman, besides 
holding other town offices. His genial and 
courteous manner makes him popular with his 
fellow-townsmen, who sincerely esteem him. 



7TAHARLES F. ELLIOTT, one of the 
I jp leading contractors and builders of 
^ O? ^ Wcnham, Mass., was born in Bev- 
erly, in the south-eastern part of Essex 
County, on July 8, 1849, son of Charles and 
Abbie (Osborne) Elliott. He belongs to one 
of the old and respected families of this 
region, whose founder came over from Eng- 
land. His grandfather, John Elliott, was a 
soldier in the War of 181 2. His father, 
Charles Elliott, who resides in J5everly, is 
now engaged in agriculture. He was formerly 
a shoemaker. Mrs. Abbie O. Elliott's 
mother, Mrs. Hannah Osborne, who is still 
living, is among the oldest residents of Bev- 
erly, being in her ninety-fourth year. 

Charles F. Elliott grew to manhood in 
Beverly, and was educated in the public 
schools of that town. When eighteen years 
of age he began learning the carpenter's trade, 
at which he served an aj^prenticeship of three 
years. Having mastered the craft, he worked 
at journeyman's wages for a time, but in 1873 
came to Wenham, and the following year 
started in business for himself as a contractor 
and builder. Diligent and progressive, Mr. 
Elliott has constantly increased the scope of 
his operations. He employs on an average 
six men the year round, but during busy sea- 
sons a larger number. 

Mr. Elliott married for his first wife Addic 
S. Wilkins, of Wenham. She died in Janu- 
ary, 1875, and Mr. Elliott has since married 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



159 



Mary E. , daughter of Ezra and Sallie (Dodge) 
Conant, the father a native of Beverly and the 
mother of Wenham, both now deceased. 

Mr. Elliott is a member of the Congrega- 
tional church at Wenham. In politics a Re- 
publican, he is public-spirited and alive at all 
times to the best interests of the town and the 
community. Fraternally, he is a member of 
the Order of United American Mechanics at 
Beverly; also of the Wenham Mutual Benefit 
Association, of which last organization he has 
been one of the directors. Mr. Elliott stands 
to-day as an example of the self-made man, 
the man whose place in society and in the 
business world has been won by hard work, 
conscientious business methods, and close at- 
tention to detail. He commands the respect 
of all who know him. 



(s>rLFRED PORTER PUTNAM, D.D., 
^JA a Unitarian divine, now residing in 
' ®V_^ Salem, Mass., was born in North 
Danvers, Mass., January 10, 1827, the son of 
Elias and Eunice (Ross) Putnam. He stands 
in the eighth generation from John Putnam, 
who emigrated from Buckinghamshire, Eng- 
land, and settled in Salem Village in 1634. 
His great-grandfather, Edmund Putnam, who 
commanded one of the eight Danvers com- 
panies that marched to the battle of Lexing- 
ton, April ig, 1775, was Deacon of the old 
Salem Village church twenty-three years, and 
then became a pioneer Universalist in that 
region. His grandfather, Israel Putnam, 
married Anna Endicott, through whom he is 
descended from the old Puritan Governor, 
John Endicott, also from John Porter, Major 
William Hathorne, the Rev. Samuel Skelton, 
and other leading settlers of Essex County. 
His father was a shoe manufacturer, County 
Commissioner, State Senator, and Represent- 



ative; his mother, a native of Ipswich, 
Mass., and daughter of Adam Ross, a soldier 
at Bunker Hill and during the Revolution. 

In the following sketch of the life of Dr. 
Putnam we quote largely from a biography 
written by a Dartmouth College classmate, 
and published in the Danvers Mirror in 1S97. 

For about a year, beginning at the age of 
fifteen, he was a clerk in the village bank, of 
which his father was president. He attended 
the Literary Institute and Gymnasium at Pem- 
broke, N. H., 1844-45, ^'■'<:1 was employed as 
book-keeper of Allen & Minot in ]?oston, 
1846-47, but, finally deciding upon a liberal 
education, was fitted for college in the acad- 
emies of Andover, Mass., and Springfield and 
Thetford, Vt., 1847-49. His first college 
year was passed at Dartmouth, N.II., where 
he was highly respected by the faculty for his 
manliness and maturity of intellect. He was 
greatly endeared to his classmates by his so- 
cial qualities, and with his peculiarly rich 
and musical voice easily ranked all as a pub- 
lic speaker. He was, however, induced to 
complete his course at Brown University, 
Rhode Island, which he did in two years, re- 
ceiving from that institution the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1852. Having taught a 
winter district school in Danvers before his 
college course and another in Wenham, 
Mass., during its progress, he resumed his 
labors in the latter town for six months as 
a teacher in a select school, and then entered 
the Divinity School at Cambridge, Mass., 
graduating in 1855. The winter previously 
he had received a license to preach from the 
Boston Association of Unitarian Ministers, 
and on December 19 following he was ordained 
as pastor of the Mount Pleasant Congrega- 
tional Society (Unitarian) at Roxbury, Mass. 

On January 10, 1856, he was united in mar- 
riage with Louise Proctor Preston, of an old 



i6o 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Danvers family, daughter of Samuel aud 
Lydia W. (Proctor) Preston. Her death, 
which occurred June 12, 1S60, was deeply la- 
mented by a wide circle of relatives and 
friends. 

The sicknesses and sorrows of his first years 
in the ministry made it desirable that he 
should seek a change; and May 28, icS62, he 
embarked with a Cambridge classmate, the 
Rev. Frederic P'rothingham, upon an ex- 
tended tour abroad. His travels resulted in a 
course of lectures to his people on the historic 
and religious aspects of the Old World, and 
had much to do with his subsequent studies 
and experiences. 

He closed his labors in Roxbury in 1864, 
having received a unanimous call to settle 
over the P"irst Unitarian Society in Brooklyn, 
N.Y., where he was installed in September of 
the same year, and where he continued to 
labor for more than twenty-two years. De- 
cember 27, 1865, he was married to Eliza 
King Puttrick, daughter of Ephraim and 
Mary (King) Buttrick, of Cambridge, Mass., 
and born January 14, 1S33. Mr. Buttrick 
was descended from William Buttrick and 
other early settlers of Concord, Mass., and 
was long a prominent lawyer at the Middle- 
sex bar. 

During Dr. Putnam's pastorate in Brook- 
lyn he was assisted by his people to establish 
a third Unitarian church in the city and to 
build chapels for his own Sunday-school and 
a mission school, which he founded for the 
poor, engaging at the same time in other be- 
neficent labors. He was one of the founders 
and one of the Board of the Brooklyn Union 
for Christian Work, 1S66 and onward; and 
in 1878, as secretary of the Brooklyn Theatre 
Fire Relief Association, he distributed a 
large proportion of the fifty thousand dollars 
raised for the numerous families that suffered 



from that terrible disaster, and wrote the final 
report of the two years' work. He had been 
elected president of the Unitarian Sunday- 
school Society in 1863, and honored with the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity from his Alma 
Mater in 1871. But under his accumulating 
duties his health became enfeebled, and he 
visited Europe a second time in the winter of 
18S3, returning in July; but, on returning 
home and resuming his parochial duties too 
soon, his health gradually gave way, and he 
was obliged to seek recovery by surrendering 
his post and retiring to his wife's ancestral 
acres at Concord, Mass. During his life in 
Brooklyn, Dr. Putnam was a member of many 
well-known clubs and societies, notably the 
New York Century Club, the Long Island 
Historical Society, and the Brooklyn Art As- 
sociation. In 1895 he removed to Danvers, 
his native town, and two years later to the 
adjoining city of Salem. During this period 
of his recovered health he has preached in 
thirty or forty towns and cities, and during 
his ministry has delivered lectures before vari- 
ous historical societies and other institutions, 
including courses at Tufts College and at the 
Meadville (Pa.) Theological School; while as 
president of the Danvers Historical Society 
his labors have proved more abundant down 
to the present time. Various biographical 
sketches of Dr. Putnam have appeared in 
different publications issued in the last 
twenty- five years, and the Memorial History 
of his Dartmouth College class gives a list of 
about thirty different book and pamphlet pub- 
lications of which he was the author between 
1859 and 1894. 

The family relations of Dr. Putnam have 
proved most congenial and delightful. The 
second Mrs. Putnam, greatly beloved by her 
many friends, still shares with him the joys 
and vicissitudes of life as a helpmeet indeetl. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



i6i 



They have five children, namely: Endicott 
Greenwood, born March 8, 1867, in Cam- 
bridge, now in business in New York City; 
Alfred VVhitwell, born January 23, 1870, in 
Brooklyn, a graduate of the Boston Law 
School in 1S96 and now a lawyer in that 
city, but living with his parents in Salem; 
Helen Langley, born January 18, 1872, in 
Brooklyn, a graduate of Smith College, who 
for a time was a teacher of English literature 
in the State Normal School, New Haven, 
Conn., but is now married to James Kingsley 
Blake, a lawyer of that city; Ralph Buttrick, 
born May 13, 1873, in Brooklyn, a graduate of 
Amherst College and now a teacher in the 
Cutler School, New York; Margaret Ross, 
born July 2, 1876, in Quincy, Mass., now a 
student in Smith College. 




ON. J. LORING WOODFALL, 
State Senator for the Third Essex 
District for 1896-97, is a native of 
Rockport, Mass., where he now resides. He 
was born fifty years ago, September 15, 1S47, 
being the second child of John and Elizabeth 
B. (Saunders) Woodfall. His parents have 
five sons and one daughter now living. His 
father was born in Bolton, England, and came 
to this country a youth under twenty years of 
age. His mother is a native of Sandy Bay, 
now Rockport, Mass, Her parents were 
Samuel and Lydia P. (Thurston) Sannders. 
Her mother was of the sixth generation in 
descent from Daniel Thurston, of Newbury, 
Mass., the immigrant founder of this branch 
of the Thurston family in New England, who 
was a trooper in King Philip's War. Samuel 
Saunders, Mrs. WoodfalTs father, died at the 
ripe old age of eighty-seven years. 

J. Loring Woodfall was educated in the 
public schools of Rockport, including the 



high school, leaving before completion of 
course to accept a position (at the age of six- 
teen years) in the United States Engineer 
office at Boston, with Colonel J. D. Graham, 
having charge of harbors in Massachusetts. 
There he was employed eighteen months as a 
clerk, until the death of Colonel Graham, 
when he returned to Rockport, and subse- 
quently became paymaster in the Annisquam 
Mills of that town, a position which he held 
for seventeen years. For the past thirty 
years, it may be said, he has been identified 
with the property interests of the concern. 
For a year and a half he held a clerkship in 
the office of John Pew & Son, well-known 
wholesale fish dealers of Gloucester, Mass., 
and after that he efificiently discharged the 
duties of book-keeper and paymaster for the 
Rockport Granite Company for about six 
years. 

Mr. Woodfall is one of the eight men who 
were instrumental in bringing to the attention 
of the United States government the necessity 
for a harbor of refuge at Sandy Bay; and, as 
secretary of the committee chosen by the 
town to further the enterprise, much of the 
work connected with the measure was done by 
him, and to no one else is due more credit for 
its success. The harbor when completed will 
have cost five million dollars, nine hundred 
thousand dollars of which has been already 
appropriated by Congress. It will be the 
largest and most commodious harbor in the 
United States, if not in the world. 

Mr. Woodfall was one of the founders of 
the Granite Savings Bank of Rockport, of 
which he has been a trustee from the first, and 
was for many years clerk of the corporation 
and trustees until he declined further service. 
He has been a member of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Rockport Public Library five 
years as chairman and treasurer. 



l62 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



During the legislative sessions of 1894 and 
1895 he was a member of the lower house, 
and established a precedent of giving a Rep- 
resentative of his district two years' service. 
In 1896 and 1897 he represented the Third 
Essex Senatorial District in the State Senate. 
In 1894, while in the House, he introduced 
and secured the passage of the bill granting 
the franchise for the excellent water system 
that Rockport now enjoys; and at the time 
the water- works were constructed he served as 
Water Commissioner. He also served as 
superintendent of construction during the 
second year when the pipes were put through 
the village of Pigeon Cove. One of his first 
moves in the House of 1895 was the introduc- 
tion of the following order for the removal of 
the codfish from the old House '"neath the 
gilded dome" to the new House in the 
annex : — 

"Ordered that the Sergeant-at-arms be and 
is hereby directed to cause the immediate re- 
moval of the ancient 'representation of a cod- 
fish' from its present position in the chamber 
recently vacated by the House, and to cause 
it to be suspended in a suitable place over the 
speaker's chair in this chamber in order that 
the House of 1895 may further the intent and 
purpose of the House of 1784, wherein it 
voted to 'hang the representation of a codfish 
in the room where the House sit, as a me- 
morial of the importance of the codfishery to 
the welfare of this Commonwealth, as had 
been usual formerly,' and that a committee of 
fifteen members accompany the Sergeant-at- 
arms when said memorial is transferred to 
this chamber." 

In 1896 Mr. Woodfall was chairman of the 
Committee on Fisheries and Game, also a 
member of the Labor and Water Committees. 
In 1897 he was chairman of the Committee 
on Harbors and Public Lands, also a member 



of the Committees on Fisheries and Game and 
on Water Supply. He was chairman of the 
subcommittee (of Water and Metropolitan 
Committees sitting jointly) to draft a water 
bill for the town of Stoneham, enabling it to 
leave the Wakefield Company and to become 
a part of the Metropolitan system. In 1897 
he secured the passage of the bill making a 
reservation of Cape Ann for the preservation 
of small game and birds. 

He is a Republican in politics, and has 
served as chairman of the Republican Town 
Committee of Rockport for ten years. A 
public-spirited, progressive citizen, as a 
legislator imtiring in his labors to promote 
the interests uf the district, he enjoys to an 
unusual degree the confidence of his constitu- 
ents. Fraternally, he is Past Grand in Granite 
Lodge, I. O. O. v., of Rockport, of which he 
has been a member for over twenty-six years; 
and he is also connected by membership with 
the Daughters of Rebecca. He has been 
identified with Ashler Lodge, A. F. & A. M., 
for over a quarter of a century. 

Mr. Woodfall was married F^ebruary 29, 
1872, to Miss Lizzie P. Tufts, a native of 
Rockport and daughter of the late George W. 
Tufts and Lucretia Eads Rowe Tufts. Mr. 
and Mrs. Woodfall have one daughter, 
Mabel L. 

ESSE W. PEABODY, the present 
chairman of the Board of Selectmen in 
the town of Middleton, was born here, 
February 28, 1831, son of Andrew and Mary 
(Pettingil) Peabody. His first ancestor in 
this country was Lieutenant Francis Peabody, 
whose son, Joseph, settled in Middleton, 
where the family has since remained. The 
house erected by Captain Nathaniel Peabody, 
the grandfather of Jesse W., is still standing, 
and is now owned by Samuel M. Peabody. 




THOMAS AYKEY. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



'6S 



Captain Peabody married Ruth Elliott. 
Brought up on the farm, Andrew acquired a 
taste for agriculture. He bought a farm on 
the south side of the Ipswich River, and on it 
spent the remainder of his life, dying at the 
age of sixty-two. His wife, Mary, who came 
from Salem, had three children — Jesse W., 
Andrew Wallace, and Eunice G. Eunice G. 
married Joseph Fletcher, and resides on her 
father's farm. 

Jesse VV. Peabody was employed in a shoe 
factory early in life, and became well ac- 
quainted with the details of the business. 
He was afterward connected with the manu- 
facture of shoes in Middleton and Danvers 
until the year iS6i. Then he erected a com- 
modious dwelling on Pleasant Street in Mid- 
dleton, and there resided until 1S77. In that 
year he exchanged his house for a farm lo- 
cated on South Main Street. Since then he 
has successfully devoted himself to farming, 
using modern methods. He married Sarah 
M. Peabody, a daughter of Joseph Peabody 
and a grand-daughter of Captain Nathaniel 
Peabody. Mr. Peabody is Republican in his 
political opinions, and has ably filled various 
offices of trust in the gift of the town. He has 
been a member of the Board of Selectmen and 
Assessor for twenty-four years, the chairman 
of the Board of Selectmen for three years, 
and Tax Collector for the past fifteen years. 

Captain Nathaniel Peabody had ten chil- 
dren, namely: Joseph, who lived and died 
in Middleton; Andrew, the father of Jesse 
VV. ; Jesse, who lived in Manchester; Ancel, 
a resident of Andover; Lydia, who married 
Francis Peabody, of Topsfield; Irene, who 
married Samuel Symonds, of Peabody; Han- 
nah, who married James Russell, of Boxford ; 
Eliza, who married Cummings Barr, of 
Lowell; Mary, who died in childhood; and 
Clara, who married Mr. Averill, of Lowell. 



^\ HOMAS AYREY, who was the overseer 
^1 of the Pacific Mills in Lawrence for 
more than forty years, is now living in 
retirement at his pleasant home, 2S9 Broad- 
way. He was born January 21, 1829, in Lan- 
cashire, England, the birthplace and lifelong 
residence of his father and grandfather, both 
of whom were named Oswald Ayrey. Oswald 
Ayrey, Sr., after his marriage reared six 
children, three sons and three daughters. 

Oswald Ayrey, Jr., learned the trade of 
blacksmith from his father, and afterward fol- 
lowed that occupation until his (.ieath, at the 
advanced age of eighty-three years. In 1821 
he married Ann Edmonson, who survived him 
three years. After she had attained the same 
age, she was laid beside him in the village 
churchyard. They had thirteen children, of 
whom eight sons and two daughters reached 
maturity, married, and reared families of 
moderate size. Six of the thirteen are still 
living, namely: Thomas, the subject of this 
sketch; Margaret, the wife of John Sager, of 
England; Mary Ann, now Mrs. Brogden ; 
James; William; and Henry. 

When eight years old, Thomas Ayrey left 
school to enter the print works of his native 
village. Here he afterward spent si.x years 
learning to mix colors, at first receiving a 
very small annual stipend for his labor. At 
the age of fourteen he was promoted to another 
department, and in the following nine years 
ho acquired a practical knowledge of the man- 
ufacture of cotton goods. In 1854, embark- 
ing in a sailing-vessel at Liverpool for this 
country, he reached New York City on Octo- 
ber 2, after a voyage lasting thirty-two days. 
He first found employment at a mill in John- 
son, R.I. The times becoming dull soon 
after, he worked as a day laborer in Cranston, 
R.I., and Fall River, Mass., being about six 
weeks in each place. He subsequently found 



i66 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



employment in a mill at Lodi, N.J., whence 
in 1855 he came to Lawrence. Accepting 
the position of overseer of the print works in 
the Pacific Mills, which was then a compara- 
tively small department, Mr. Ayrey held that 
office for forty-one consecutive years. Under 
his supervision the work was greatly in- 
creased and the number of employees in his 
department was doubled, he having had charge 
of sixty men when he gave up his position in 
May, 1896. Reared to habits of industry and 
thrift, he acquired a good property, and in 
1866 built his present substantial residence, 
which he has since occupied. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and for two years was a 
member of the Common Council. An active 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
since 1848, he has served it in every lay office 
connected with it. He is a well-known Odd 
Fellow, and has passed all the chairs of the 
local lodge. 

In 1858 Mr. Ayrey married Miss Susan 
Crandall, of Lawrence, who bore him two 
children, both of whom died in infancy. She 
passed away in February, 1862, aged thirty- 
three years. In May, 1863, he married Miss 
Augusta L. , daughter of James and Hannah 
(Stanley) Home, of Great Falls, N.H. After 
a happy wedded life of thirty years she died 
April 23, 1893, leaving one child. The 
latter, Minnie E., since the death of her 
mother has been the comfort and joy of her 
father's life, and has had charge of the house- 
hold. She was graduated from the Lawrence 
High School, and is an intelligent, practical 
young woman, with decided musical tastes 
and ability. 

UWARD STORY, an enterprising lum- 
ber manufacturer and grain merchant of 
Essex, was born in this town, July 
9, 1836, son of Perkins and Lucy (Goodhue) 



Story. His grandfather, Jonathan Story, was 
a lifelong resident of Essex, and followed the 
trade of a carpenter in connection with 
farming. 

Perkins Story, father of Fldward, was in 
early life a millman. Later he cultivated a 
farm successfully until his death, which oc- 
curred in September, 1S71. He married for 
his first wife Rachel Burnham, a native of 
Essex. Born of the union were five children, 
namely: Susan, the widow of Edward Choate; 
Albert, who died in 1895; Lucy A., who 
married Andrew Story, and died in Minne- 
sota; Ira, a ship-carpenter, who first married 
Sophronia Foster, and whose second wife was 
named Rachel; and Mary, who is the widow 
of Samuel Lufkin, and resides in Essex. 
Perkins Story's second wife, Lucy Goodhue 
Story, was a daughter of John Goodhue, a 
cloth manufacturer of this town. She became 
the mother of five children, namely: Emily, 
who married Simeon Marshall, and died in 
1871; Edward, the subject of this sketch; 
tllizabeth, who died in infancy; Newton, who 
died in 1870; and Elizabeth (second), the 
wife of Nathan Story, a merchant of Essex 
Falls. Perkins Story's second wife died in 
1874. 

Edward Story attended the school in his na- 
tive town, and at an early age began to assist 
his father in the mill. He eventually suc- 
ceeded to the business, and bought a part of 
the homestead property. In 1874 he erected 
his present steam mills, which contain ma- 
chinery for sawing lumber and grinding grain. 
He is an extensive manufacturer of planed 
and matched boards and other building ma- 
terials, and he deals largely in grain and 
flour. 

On January 28, 1874, Mr. Story was united 
in marriage with Susan A. P'urbush, daughter 
of Naham and Nancy (Morgan) Furbush, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



167 



of Peabody, Mass. Mrs. Story died in Feb- 
ruary, 1890, leaving one daughter, Emily, 
who is now keeping house for her father. In 
politics Mr. Story is a Republican, but has 
never been induced to accept public ofifice. 
He is one of the progressive and successful 
business men of Essex, and is highly re- 
spected as a worthy and useful citizen. In 
religious belief a Universalist, he is an active 
member of the church in this town. 




I^AMUEL HYDE BOUTWELL, of 
Andover, who formerly represented 
this district in the State legislat- 
ure, was born here, March 25, 1838, son of 
George and Fanny (Hyde) Boutwell. The 
grandfather, Jonathan Boutwell, a prosperous 
farmer of Wilmington, Mass., who passed his 
last days in Andover, was the father of seven 
children, of whom one died young. George 
Boutwell, father of Samuel H., was engaged 
in farming in Andover during his active years, 
and resided here until his death. His wife, 
Fanny, who was a daughter of Samuel Hyde, 
of Newton, Mass., became the mother of 
seven children, namely: Lucy, now the wife 
of Artemus Wiswell; George and Edward H. ; 
Parthenia, the wife of Francis Holt; Samuel 
H., the subject of this sketch; Louisa, the 
wife of the Rev. James G. Merrill, of Port- 
land, Me. ; and Mary K. Boutwell. 

Samuel Hyde Boutwell was educated in the 
public schools and at Phillips Academy. He 
taught school in Andover and Tewksbury for 
four years during the winter months. Having 
succeeded to the possession of the homestead 
after his father's death, he has since been en- 
gaged in farming. Taking an earnest inter- 
est in public education, he has served as a 
member of the School Committee for fifteen 
years, and he is a trustee of the Punchard 



Free School. He was a Selectman for sixteen 
years in succession. In 1S74 he was elected 
to represent Andover and North Andover in 
the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 
and was later nominated for the State Senate. 
On January 12, 1865, Mr. Boutwell married 
Alice J. Trull, of Tewksbury, daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Amada Trull. His children are: 
Frederic S. , Arthur T., Chester N., Winthrop 
S., and Alice J. Boutwell. The two last 
named are at home. Chester married Miss 
Abbie Fessenden, of Tewksbury, and resides 
on the homestead. Frederic is a clerk in 
the Andover Savings Bank. Arthur T. is 
the chemist in the flax mills of Smith & 
Dove at Andover. 



7TAHARLES H. BOYNTON, an exten- 
I jp sive coal and wood merchant of 

^i^ ^ Gloucester, was born in this city, 
December i, 1841, son of Charles and Mina 
(Hodgkins) Boynton. The father, a son of 
John Boynton, was a native of Gloucester. 
He learned the carpenter's trade, and was a 
building contractor until i860. Then he es- 
tablished the coal and wood business now car- 
ried on by his son. He died in 1882, aged 
sixty-two years. By his wife, Mina, a daugh- 
ter of James Hodgkins, of this city, he was 
the father of six children. Of these, three 
grew to maturity, namely: Sarah E., who 
married Edward A. Story, both now deceased; 
Charles II., the subject of this sketch; and 
Caroline I"., who married F. W. Bergengren, 
M.D., of Lynn, Mass. The father attended 
the Baptist church. 

Charles H. Boynton was educated in the 
public schools of Gloucester. After complet- 
ing his studies he worked at the carpenter's 
trade with his father. He was later employed 
in his father's coal and wood business. Sub- 



i68 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



sequently succeeding to its ownership, he 
has since carried it on. He is one of the 
leading merchants in his line in Gloucester, 
handling an average of twelve thousand tons 
of coal and eight hundred cords of wood annu- 
ally, and maintaining a steady patronage. In 
politics he is a Republican, and he has served 
for two years in the Common Council. A 
Past Master of Tyrian Lodge, F. & A. M., he 
belongs to William Person Chapter of Royal 
Arch Masons and Bethlehem Commandery of 
Knights Templar. He is also connected with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His 
wife was formerly Mrs. Hannah J. Robinson 
Hazel. Both he and Mrs. Boynton are mem- 
bers of the Christian Scientist church. 




kOSES H. CLOUGH, a retired 
building contractor residing in 
Annisquam, city of Gloucester, 
was born in Annisquam, October 7, 1817, son 
of Moses and Rhoda (Jones) Clough. Upon 
completing his education, which was acquired 
in the public schools of Gloucester, he became 
an apprentice to his father, who was a carpen- 
ter by trade. Before beginning work as a 
journeyman, he went for three seasons on a 
schooner engaged in the transport of sand to 
Boston and other places. At the age of eigh- 
teen he went to Boston, and secured work in 
Chelsea. Soon after he returned to Boston, 
and spent a year in the McLean Hospital. 
Thence he went to Fall River, Mass., and 
later to Mobile, where he worked for about 
six months. 

After returning to Annisquam from the 
South, Mr. Clough began business for him- 
self, first erecting the house which is his pres- 
ent residence. Upon its completion he se- 
cured contracts for other work in this vicinity, 
and soon had a very prosperous business. 



Among the buiUlings erected by him are 
seven school-houses for the city of Glouces- 
ter, including the Collins School. In 1868 
he built the Orthodo.x church in Lanesville 
and in 1S69 the General B. F. Butler resi- 
dence in Annisquam. His next large contract 
was the building at Bay View of the stores, 
dwelling-houses, sheds, and barns of the 
Cape Ann Granite Company, of which Colo- 
nel Jonas French was manager. From there 
he went to Hampton, Va., and built the Sol- 
diers' Home for the government, a work re- 
quiring several years. So highly was Mr. 
Clough's judgment valued by the government 
ofificials with whom he was then brought in 
contact that he was sent as adviser to the 
board of management when the Soldiers' 
Home at Milwaukee was in course of erection. 
General Butler sent for him to build several 
houses in Washington. He was next ap- 
pointed to superintend the excavation of stone 
at Bay View, to be used for the Boston I'ost- 
ofifice and Subtreasury building, the last im- 
portant work undertaken by him. Intending 
to reside permanently there, he purchased a 
place in Newtonville, Mass. ; but, finding his 
health was not so good as at Annisquam, he 
finally returned to this place, where he now 
lives retired. 

Mr. Clough takes pride in saying that he 
has been a strong and radical temperance man 
all his life. He is held in the highest es- 
teem by his neighbors and acquaintances, who 
have found him upright and honest in all his 
dealings. On January 3, 1841, he was united 
in marriage with Martha L. Jacobs, daughter 
of Obed and Lucretia (Littlefield) Jacobs, of 
Wells, Me. A son and six daughters have 
blessed the union; namely, Ellen Frances, 
Ann Eliza, Georgietta, Ada Augusta, Mary 
Alice, Emma, and George. Ellen, the wife 
of James E. Jewett, has two children — Anna 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



i6g 



B. and Fred. Emma is the wife of Luke F. 
Ashley. George, a painter by trade, resides 
in Annisquam. Ann Eliza, who was the 
wife of Rhuel Griffin, of Annisquam, died 
aged thirty-five years; Georgietta died aged 
six years; Ada A. died aged eight years; and 
Mary Alice died at the age of two years and 
two months. 



fRUE riKE, a well-known farmer and 
influential resident of Salisbury, was 
born in this town, September 20, 1845, 
son of True and Mary (Eaton) Pike. Of Eng- 
lish origin, the family is one of the oldest 
not only in America but in England. Its 
genealogy, traced back to the days of Will- 
iam the Conqueror, will be found elsewhere in 
this work. True Pike's grandfather enlisted 
on the 19th of April, 1775, in the Provincial 
army, before any company had been raised in 
Salisbury. He was not only a patriot but a 
brave man, serving gallantly in the Colonial 
cause. The father, born in Salisbury, Sep- 
tember II, 181 1, was on the Prudential Board; 
and his fellow-townsmen would gladly have 
had him serve as Selectman, but he declined. 
He served twice on the jury at the Salem 
courts. A member of the Salisbury Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, he was a consistent 
Christian. He married for his first wife Mary 
Eaton, of Salisbury, and for his second wife 
May A. B. Smith, of Livermore Falls, Me. 
By the second marriage there were the follow- 
ing named children: Charles, who married 
Helen Eaton, of Seabrook, and is living on 
the old farm; Robert, deceased; George, who 
married Mary L. D. Pike, of Amesbury, 
daughter of William H. H. Pike; two chil- 
dren who died in infancy; Mary A., now 
widowed and residing with Charles Pike; and 
True Pike, Jr. 



True Pike, the subject of this biography, 
after leaving school, was engaged in seafaring 
for the three years between the ages of fifteen 
and eighteen. In one of his trips, which 
lasted twenty-two months, he rounded the 
Horn on the thirteenth day of August, with 
the thermometer standing at twenty degrees 
below zero. He went to Callao, the Isle of 
Wight, Hamburg, Liverpool, Londonderry, 
and came home by way of Portland, Me. 
Landing in his native country when the sound 
of war was heard, on every side, his youthful 
enthusiasm was aroused, and he determined to 
go into the service. After drilling with a 
company he enlisted; but he did not go to 
the front, as his father did not think him old 
enough. He then went to Lawrence, and 
worked in the cotton-mills, taking charge of 
the weaving-room. Later he worked in 
Sutton and then in Salem, where he had 
charge of rooms for two years. From there 
going to Beverly, he had the oversight of the 
packing and shipping department in the firm 
of Wallis, Kellem & Bray. This place he 
was obliged to leave on account of a severe at- 
tack of rheumatism. Subsequently restored 
to health, he went to Lynn, and had the man- 
agement of packing and shipping with the 
A. F. Smith Company. His old enemy, 
rheumatism, caused him to leave this employ- 
ment also and come home. After getting; 
well again he worked successively in Lynn 
with Charles F. Tebbetts and in Salem with 
Winslow & Rogers, in both cases superintend- 
ing the shipping and packing departments. 
For five years after this, the duration of his 
lease of the place, he had charge of the Salem 
Roller Skating Rink. Then he was engaged 
to take charge of the extensive shipping de- 
partment in the firm of S. B. Fuller & Sons 
at Lynn. In 1887, at the urgent request of 
his sister, he came to Salisbury to make his 



170 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



home with her, and engaged in shoemaking 
and in farming. 

Wherever Mr. Pike ha.s been he has made 
the force of his character and his unquestioned 
integrity felt for the public good. At Salem 
he was on the Reception Committee of the 
Republican party during the campaign for 
IMaine and Logan. During three years prior 
to 1S9S he was on the School Board of Salis- 
bury, and in 1896 and 1897 he was a member 
and the secretary of the Board of Selectmen. 
He has also been one of the Overseers of the 
Poor and a member of the Board of Health. 
Fraternally, he belongs to O. U. A. M., hav- 
ing affiliation with Niagara Council, No. 11, 
of Salem. He has held all the offices in the 
council, and is now the State Council Protec- 
tor for the second time, having been in the 
position before in 1884; and he has also been 
the State Council Doorkeeper. He is like- 
wise a member of Washington Encampment, 
P. O. S. of A., No. 3, of Salem; and of the 
Massachusetts Society of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, which he has served on 
various committees, marking graves and ren- 
dering other services. On April 8, 1868, he 
married Eliza A. Bartlett, of Newburyport, 
and has had one son, Charles, who died in his 
eighth year in Salem. Mr. Pike has in 
course of construction a handsome residence 
on Cashing Avenue, which will be completed 
about the first of August. 



Wi 



ILLIAM J. JOHNSON, a real es- 
tate and insurance broker of Man- 
chester and a former Postmaster of 
the town, was born here on January 23, 1847. 
A son of William and Emmeline (Hill) John- 
son, he comes of English origin. The father, 
a native of Concord, N.H., learned the cabi- 
net-maker's trade in his native town. When 



nineteen years of age he came to Manchester, 
and secured employment at his trade as a 
journeyman. He subsequently engaged in 
business for himself, and the firm of which he 
was the senior partner was known as that of 
William Johnson & Son. This firm lasted 
until William J. Johnson was appointed Post- 
master. The elder Mr. Johnson shortly after 
withdrew from active business life, and is now 
practically retired, being in his eighty-second 
year. He is one of the highly honored citi- 
zens of this town. His wife, Emmeline, a 
native of Manchester, was a daughter of Cap- 
tain Benjamin Hill, a sea captain, who made 
long voyages to foreign ports, and was widely 
known among seafaring men. She died while 
her son, William J., was an infant. 

Having received his education in the public 
schools, William J. Johnson, when about 
eighteen years old, began learning the cabi- 
net-maker's trade with his father, and subse- 
quently worked for him until he became a 
member of the firm of William Johnson & 
Son. He has always been a careful observer 
of current events, and has kept himself well 
informed on all topics of general interest. In 
1885, under Mr. Cleveland's first administra- 
tion, after a close contest, he was appointed 
Postmaster of Manchester. He took charge of 
the office on October i, 1885, and continued 
to hold the position until March i, 1890. In 
March, 1890, he was elected Selectman of 
Manchester, and held that position for one 
year, serving also as Overseer of the Poor for 
the same length of time. For a number of 
years he has been serving as a member of the 
Board of Registrars of Manchester, and is 
now the chairman of the board. An aggres- 
sive Democrat, he was chairman of the town 
Democratic Committee for some years previ- 
ous to his appointment as Postmaster and for 
some time after his retirement therefrom, 




ERNEST A. DICK. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



m 



until after Cleveland's second election. He 
is a member and the secretary of Magnolia 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of 
Manchester. For a number of years he has 
been the treasurer and collector of the First 
Congregational Parish of Manchester. 

Mr. Johnson was married on January i, 
1873, to Ella L. Taylor, of Montpelier, Vt. 
She has borne him three children — Fred M., 
Carrie T. , and Emma H. Carrie is a music 
teacher. Emma H. is a stenographer for the 
Goodyear Shoe Machinery Company at their 
branch ofifice in Lynn; and Fred M. Johnson 
is employed in the insurance business of Scull 
& Field, Boston. After leaving the post- 
office Mr. Johnson purchased the insurance 
business of John H. Cheevcr, and has since 
given his attention to that, dealing also to 
some extent in real estate. He now repre- 
sents ten different standard fire insurance 
companies, and is well known among insur- 
ance men. He is one of our Justices of the 
Peace and a Notary Public, in which capaci- 
ties he does a large amount of business in 
deeds, mortgages, etc. 




RNEST AUGUST DICK, a contractor 
and builder, residing at 209 F"erry 
Street, Lawrence, was born July 21, 
1849, i" Saxony, Germany, son of Frederich 
August Dick. The father, also a native of 
Saxony, born January 9, 1826, was a son of a 
carpenter of repute. He learned the weaver's 
trade in his youth, and subsequently worked 
at it, and manufactured fabrics on his own 
account for some time. In 1871 he came to 
America, and, locating in Lawrence, spent 
the next ten years employed in the Washing- 
ton Mills. Afterward he kept a restaurant 
and lunch-room on Essex Street, where he had 
a substantial business until his retirement 



from active pursuits some eight years ago. 
He and his wife are now spending their de- 
clining years in comfort at their cosey home, 
217 Ferry Street. His wife, Ernestina 
Myer Dick, whom he married in 1848, was 
born in Saxony, May 26, 1826. They had 
six children, all born in Germany; namely, 
Ernest August, Richard, Hugo, August, 
Emil, and Bertha. Bertha is now the wife 
of Gustav Loeckler, a designer for a textile 
manufactory in Pawtucket, R.I. Richard 
Dick, the second son, went in 1874 from Law- 
rence to Milwaukee, Wis., where he studied 
gymnastics and physical culture for a year, 
and then went to San Francisco as a teacher. 
Afterward, in the same city, he followed the 
business of contractor and builder until his 
death, which occurred in 18S1, at the age of 
twenty -seven years. Active and enterprising, 
he was fairly prosperous, and at his demise 
left a good property. He was a Mason, and 
his body was laid to rest in the beautiful Ma- 
sonic cemetery of San Francisco. Hugo Dick 
is the editor and proprietor of the Advertiser 
and Post, the leading German organ of New 
England and the only German newspaper 
published in Essex County. August, who 
learned the carpenter's trade of his older 
brother, is now doing a large manufacturing 
business in Worcester, Mass. Both he and 
his brother Hugo are married, and have fam- 
ilies. Emil, who was born in 1S58, having 
received his early education in Lawrence, 
later graduated from a school of design in 
Germany. He was subsequently employed as 
a designer in a factory of Canada, and is now 
superintendent of the Lewiston mills in 
Maine. 

Ernest A. Dick received his education in 
an academy, and early in life became con- 
versant with the German, French, and Eng- 
lish languages. He served three years in the 



174 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



German army as a non-commissioned officer. 
Though he was wounded at the battle of 
Gravelotte, he afterward participated in the 
siege of Paris. In 1872 he followed his par- 
ents to New England, and, coming directly to 
Lawrence, soon afterward found employment 
with the firm of Briggs & Allyn, contractors. 
At the end of seven years, having mastered 
the details of the carpenter's trade, he estab- 
lished himself as a contractor and builder, and 
in 1 88 1 built his present dwelling. Among 
the important buildings erected by him are 
the shops of John W. Horn & Co., the Emer- 
son Manufacturing Company's works, Hiber- 
nian Hall, Buxton Block, Turne Hall, the 
Gushing Hotel at Salisbury Beach, and the 
residences of Frank Page, Richard Sugget, 
Herbert Whittier, and Walter Coulson. The 
first to perceive the possibilities of the dis- 
trict around his residence, to which the only 
approach then was a cow-path, he purchased 
three acres of the land, divided it into lots, 
built upon it, and otherwise improved it, and 
then sold at a decided advantage. He has 
also erected a factory and sheds in the local- 
ity, and he owns cottages on Willoughby 
Street. In executing his contracts he em- 
ploys as many as sixty men. 

Mr. Dick was married October 7, 1875, to 
Miss Joanna Matthews, a daughter of Ernest 
and Joanna (Wolf) Matthews, who emigrated 
from Germany in 1857, and was one of the 
first German families to locate in Methuen, 
Mass. Mr. and Mrs. Dick lost one child, 
Hugo, who died at the age of three years. 
They have six sons and four daughters living; 
namely, Ernest, Otho, Ida, Richard, Oscar, 
Emma, Walter, Albert, Elsie, and Eleanor. 
Eleanor is two years old, while Ernest is a 
young man of twenty. Mr. Dick is one of 
the original stockholders of the South Side 
Brewery, vvhich he built. He is a Master 



Mason and a strong Republican in politics. 
In 1882 he served in the Common Council, al- 
though he prefers devoting his time to his 
business affairs rather than to public office. 




SA HOWE, a lumber surveyor and in- 
spector for a Danversport firm, was 
born June 18, 1830, son of Ben- 
jamin and Hannah H. (Berry) Howe. John 
Howe settled on the farm in Middleton about 
two hundred years ago, and built a part of the 
present dwelling-house. His son, Mark, had a 
son Asa, who was the grandfather of the 
present Asa Howe. Grandfather Asa, be- 
sides several sons, had three daughters, to 
each of whom by his will he left property. 
The homestead became the property of Ben- 
jamin and Mark. ]3enjamin married Hannah 
H. Berry, and died at thirty-six, leaving three 
children. These were: George; Benjamin; 
and Asa. Another child, Caroline, had died 
at the age of two years. Mark sold his in- 
terest in the homestead to his brother Benja- 
min for the sum of three thousand dollars. 

At the early age of eleven the present Asa 
Howe began to learn the shoemaker's trade. 
After a time he bought his brother's interest 
in the farm, and has since devoted himself to 
its cultivation. Since it came into his pos- 
session he has added seventy-five acres to the 
original one hundred and fifty, which ex- 
tended two miles to the south. For eleven 
years past he has been employed by Woodman 
Brothers & Ross, of Danversport, as surveyor 
and inspector of all lumber cut in the vicinity, 
the duties of which position occupy his entire 
time during six months of the year. 

On May 27, 1857, Mr. Howe married Olive 
M. Richardson, daughter of Daniel and Olive 
Berry (Perkins) Richardson, of Middleton. 
They have two children: Carrie Maria, now 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



I7S 



the wife of George M. Derry, who is in the 
box business in Boston ; and Henry Erskine, 
who is with his father. Mr. Howe is a Re- 
publican, and has been a Selectman for ten 
years. He is a member of the Congrega- 
tional church, where he was a Deacon for 
eight years. His son has long been the super- 
intendent of the Sabbath-school. 




ITZ E. RIGGS, formerly an extensive 
salt-fish dealer of Gloucester, was born 
May 3, 1811, son of Andrew and 
Nancy (Merchant) Riggs. The first ancestor 
of the Riggs family of whom there is any 
authentic knowledge was Thomas Riggs, 
born about the year 1632. According to the 
records he first appeared as a resident of 
Gloucester in 1650; and in 1658 he received a 
grant of six acres of land, located at Little 
River. A part of the log house that he built 
in 1660 is still standing and used for a habita- 
tion. In 1 661 he bought houses of Matthew 
Coe and Thomas and John VVakeley. He is 
said to have been educated in Elngland for the 
profession of a scrivener, and must have been 
a welcome acquisition to the community, half 
of the male members of which were unable to 
write. He served as Town Clerk from 1665 
to 1 7 16 inclusive, was a Selectman from 1669 
to 1705 inclusive, was Representative to the 
General Court in the year 1700, and as one of 
the town officials was fined by the Superior 
Court in Salem for non-compliance with an 
order of Governor Andros, calling for an as- 
sessment from the inhabitants of Gloucester. 
In 1698 he was chosen the first schoolmaster 
at a salary of one shilling sixpence per day 
during the town's pleasure, and at one time 
he was the largest land-owner in the common 
territory. There is in existence a small book 
with a parchment cover, upon the first page 



of which is written the following: ''Thomas 
Riggs, his book, 1655. 

" And if this book, whereon you looli, should casually 

be lost. 
Restore it to me ; for I am that who knows best what 

it cost." 

Another book, in the same handwriting, con- 
tains items of sums received and paid, but is 
chiefly devoted to notes of sermons in short- 
hand. 

Thomas Riggs died February 26, 1722. 
On June 7, 1658, he married Mary, daughter 
of Thomas Millett; and his son, Thomas (sec- 
ond), was born December 7, 1666. Thomas 
Riggs (second) drew one of the Cape lots, 
and was assessed in the first tax list in 1693. 
He settled on the westerly side of Annisquam 
River. In 1723 he was a commoner, and he 
received woodland with others in the general 
distribution. He died in August, 1756, and 
his will was proved in October of that year. 
On November 22, 1687, he married Ann 
Wheeler, of Salisbury, Mass. ; and his son, 
Aaron, the next in line, was born January 18, 
1700. Aaron Riggs followed the trade of a 
housewright during his active years, and died 
about the year 1790. He first married 
Thomazine Wentworth, of Dover, N. H. His 
second marriage was contracted with his 
cousin, Annie Riggs. Aaron Riggs (second), 
the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
born in Gloucester, March 18, 1749, was a 
farmer and a fisherman. A family tradition 
affirms that he was a minute-man during the 
Revolutionary War, though his name does not 
appear upon any list. His death occurred 
September 15, 1828. He successively mar- 
ried Martha Adams and Mrs. Polly Oakes. 
Andrew Riggs, the father of Fitz E. Riggs, 
was born in Gloucester, April 6, 1783. He 
was engaged in the fishing industry. In 



,76 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



i8i2, while on board the private armed 
scliooner "Orlando" of Gloucester, com- 
manded by Captain Robert Evans, he was 
wounded. He died December 27, 1 8 14, from 
the effects of wounds received on board the 
United States ship "Madison" on Lake On- 
tario. On November 28, 1805, he married 
Nancy Merchant. 

Fitz E. Riggs was educated in Gloucester. 
For some years he followed the sea, first in 
the merchant service and later as a fisherman, 
becoming the master of a vessel while still a 
young man. Associating himself with his 
brothers, Gorham and Nathaniel, he estab- 
lished the firm of Riggs Brothers, which was 
later known as Fitz E. Riggs & Brother. At 
one time the latter was probably the largest 
salt-fish concern in the city. Mr. Riggs per- 
sonally superintended every detail of the busi- 
ness, believing that success depended as much 
upon the minor points as upon the more im- 
portant requirements. In the course of time 
he acquired a fortune. He was a director of 
both the Gloucester Mutual Fishing Insurance 
Company and the Cape Ann National Bank. 
Public office he invariably declined. He was 
a member of the Baptist church. 

Mr. Riggs married Elizabeth L. Robinson, 
daughter of Samuel Robinson, of this city. 
Of his nine children, two grew to maturity, 
namely: Elizabeth, now the wife of Edward 
S. Eveleth, M. D., of Gloucester; and Fitz 
E., born July 12, 1850. He died March 8, 
1886. 



TJ^IIARLES HENRY RAMSDELL, an 
I jj extensive property owner and real cs- 

^^ ^ tate dealer of Lynn, was born in 
this city, September 26, 1840. A grandson 
of Bijah Ranisdell, he is descended from one 
of the early settlers of this part of Essex 
County. Bijah spent a long and useful life 



here, dying at a very advanced age. Robert 
Ramsdell, son of Bijah and the father of 
Charles H., was born in Lynn in 1805, and 
died in this city in 1884. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade, an occupation which he fol- 
lowed throughout the larger part of his life. 
He married Mary Ann Vickery, who was also 
a native of Lynn, and with her reared eight 
children. 

After leaving the Lynn public schools 
Charles Henry Ramsdell entered the grocery 
store of his uncle, Oliver Ramsdell, in whose 
employment he spent twelve years. In Au- 
gust, 1864, lie enlisted for service in the Civil 
War, joining Company D, Elighth Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Infantry, under command of 
Colonel Benjamin F. Peach. After serving 
for one hundred days, located for the most of 
the time in Baltimore, Md., he was mustered 
out, November i, 1864, at Rcadville, Mass. 
At once he returned to his position with his 
uncle, continuing with him about five years. 
In 1869 he purchased the grocery business of 
W. R. Hawkes on Maple Street, this city, an 
excellent location. Since then he has here 
built up a flourishing and lucrative trade in 
groceries. A man of superior business ability 
and tact, he has made wise investments, and 
has acquired a good property, much of it being 
in realty. 

In politics Mr. Ramsdell is a Republican. 
During the years 1892, 1893, and 1894 he 
was a member of the Common Council. In 
the first year he served on the Committee for 
Altering and Laying out Streets and on that 
on State Aid, and in the next two terms he was 
on the Committees on State Aid and Fire De- 
partment. An Alderman in 1895 and 1896, 
he served during the first term as chairman of 
both the State Aid and the Fire Department 
Committees; and in 1896 he was in addition 
a member of the Committee on License and 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



177 



of the Special Committee on Butman's Mills. 
In the fall of 1897 he was elected to represent 
the Thirteenth Essex District in the State 
legislature, and is serving on the Committee 
of Public Services and Parishes and Religious 
Societies. He is a member of General 
Lander Post, No. 5, G. A. R. ; a member of 
Glenmere Lodge; and a charter member of 
Palestine Encampment, No. 37, L O. O. F. ; 
a charter member of Winniperket Tribe, 
I. O. R. M.; a member of Mount Zion Sen- 
ate, No. 363; and of the Lynn Veteran Fire- 
man's Association, having been an engineer 
in the fire department for twelve years. In 
communion with the Maple Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, he is a trustee and the 
treasurer of the society. 

In November, 1862, he married Miss 
Louise L. McGown, of Ellsworth, Me. Two 
children were born into their household, 
namely: Ruby Z., now the wife of H. E. 
Miiiot, of this city; and Hattic L. , the wife 
of William J. Morgan, also of Lynn. 




"ERMON COOPER, M.D., of Ames- 
bury, son of Reuben and Cynthia 

L^ ^_ Cooper, was born in Croydon, 

N.H., February 6, 1859. The Cooper family 
is of English origin, being the one to which 
Sir Astley Cooper, the noted English sur- 
geon, belongs. Dr. Cooper's immigrant an- 
cestor came to this country in May, 1636, 
with two nephews, and settled in Cambridge, 
Mass. ; while one nephew settled in Sutton, 
Mass., and the other in Connecticut. The 
history of the town of Croydon is closely 
linked with that of the family, as the name 
Cooper appears on almost every page. 
Coopers were among the first settlers, locating 
there in the time when witchcraft was be- 
lieved to exist, having made the journey 



through miles of forest on foot and in ox 
teams. It is alleged that an uncle of the 
Doctor swam the Connecticut River with the 
first plough ever used in Sullivan County, 
New Hampshire. Two other great-uncles 
were: William F. Cooper, M.D., of Kelloggs- 
ville, N.Y. who practised in one town for 
sixty-four years; and Lemuel B. Cooper, who 
died about the year 1S90, always a farmer. 
The historian, Augustus Cooper Blistol, is 
Dr. Cooper's cousin. 

The Coopers are a hardy race, broad-shoul- 
dered and muscular, robust and long-lived. 
Twenty Coopers, all old men, voted at 
one election. The family characteristics are 
industry, sobriety, and unpretentiousness. 
There is a minister or deacon in every genera- 
tion, and the family has produced many able 
physicians. Dr. Cooper's grandfather and 
father were farmers and graziers in Croydon. 
In war time they made a specialty of sheep- 
raising, and sometimes there were as many as 
nine hundred head on the home farm. Tlie 
Doctor remembers when wool brought one 
dollar and fifteen cents. He has three 
brothers: John A., a professor of dancing in 
Boston; Orville R., the superintendent of a 
coal wharf in the same city; and Milon, on 
the homestead in New Hampshire. 

Hermon Cooper fitted for college at Kim- 
ball Union Academy ''n Meriden, N.H., and 
then entered Dartmouth. Having graduated 
from the Dartmouth Medical School in 1883, 
he began practice in Meriden, where he re- 
mained five years. In November, 1888, he lo- 
cated in. Amesbury, where he now has a large 
practice. Especially proficient in surgery, he 
performed fifty delicate operations last year, 
and lost but two patients. He is a member 
of the Dartmouth College Alumni Associa- 
tion, the Massachusetts Medical Association, 
and the Amesbury Medical Society; and he is 



xyS 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



the medical examiner far the A. O. U. \V. 
Besides reading a number of valuable papers 
before medical associations, he has published 
in pamphlet form an article on the use o for- 
ceps in obstetrics and two on laparotomy. He 
is a very popular physician, and has a wide 
circle of acquaintance. Ry his marriage with 
Miss Ellen F. Currier, of Holliston, Mass., 
he has a daughter, Maude, thirteen years old. 



/^APTAIN WILLIAM F. MARTINS, 
I \f a veteran of the Civil War, now living 
vil^^ in retirement in Merrimac, was 
born on the Island of St. Bartholomew, Octo- 
ber 2 1, 1816. His father was a native of the 
West Indies; while his mother was a niece of 
Judge Joseph Story, the eminent jurist of 
Massachusetts. Having previously resided 
upon his native island until he was si.xteen 
years old, he then came to Salem, Mass., and 
there attended school. He learned the car- 
riage trimmer's trade in Boston, and after- 
ward followed it as a journeyman in Piermont, 
N.H., for a number of years. Later he took 
up his residence in Merrimac, which was then 
a part of Amesbury. At the breaking out of 
the Rebellion he joined Captain J. W. Sar- 
gent in raising a company, was commissioned 
its First Lieutenant, and arrived with it in 
Washington in August, 1861. Here the men 
were assigned to the Fourteenth Regiment, 
Massachusetts Volunteers, as Company E, 
and subsequently did garrison duty in the 
fortifications about the capital until General 
McClellan took command of the Army of the 
Potomac. The Fourteenth was ordered to the 
front at Bull Run, but upon reaching Centre- 
ville, Va., was ordered back to Washington. 
In October, 1862, Lieutenant Martins was 
promoted to the rank of Captain, and trans- 
ferred to Company I; and in June, 1863, he 



was detached and ordered to report to General 
Milroy at Winchester. After the evacuation 
of Fort Jackson, which took place two days 
previous to the battle of Gettysburg, Captain 
Martins was placed in command of a force to 
cover the Federal army's retreat; but Milroy 
was cut off by Confederate General Rhodes, 
and the retreating division was captured by 
the enemy. While confined in Libby Prison, 
Captain Martins witnessed an interesting in- 
cident that made a lasting impression upon 
his memory. It seems that the authorities in 
Richmond had received word that Lee had 
completely routed the Federal army at Gettys- 
burg, and that General Meade was retreating 
North. This news gave them confidence to 
retaliate for the recent hanging of two Con- 
federate spies by General Burnside. The 
seventy-two Union captains then confined in 
Libby were ordered to draw lots as a means of 
selecting for execution. The captains were 
drawn up in line, slips of paper bearing the 
name of each were placed in a box, and the 
first two names taken out were to decide whom 
the victims should be. Then venerable 
Chaplain Brown, with tears rolling down his 
furrowed cheeks, while his lips moved in 
prayer, drew forth the names of Captain 
Henry W. Sawyer, of the First New Jersey 
Cavalry, and Captain Flynn, of the Fifty- 
seventh Indiana Volunteers. Though these 
officers were immediately placed in close con- 
finement, some humane power must have in- 
terceded in their behalf, as they were not exe- 
cuted. Captain Martins, with others, was 
exchanged, May 13, 1864, in time to rejoin 
his regiment at Spottsylvania. Here he re- 
ceived a gunshot wound in the arm, but 
refused to go to the rear. While advancing 
at the head of his company shortly after, a 
shell burst in close proximity to him, so shat- 
tering his leg that the remaining portion had 




WILLIAM CiUODHUL. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



i8i 



to be amputated that night. As a result he 
was sent home, and later discharged. Upon 
his recovery, however, he joined the Veteran 
Relief Corps, in which he subsequently did 
duty at Annapolis and Baltimore. After the 
close of the war he was placed on waiting 
orders, and remained at home until 1866. 
Then he requested to be discharged or as- 
signed to duty, and was ordered to report to 
General Tilton. He was sent to Georgia, 
where he performed light duty for some time, 
and was finally discharged from the service in 
1868. 

In December, 1S39, Captain Martins mar- 
ried Jane F. Newell, who had five children. 
These were: Charlotte Rebecca and Belle, 
both of whom died in infancy; Agnes, who 
married and died, leaving her children with 
their grandfather; Newell B., who also served 
in the Rebellion, and died shortly after its 
close; and John Sanborn, who died in 1859, 
at the age of nine. Captain Martins was one 
of the organizers of C. R. Mudge Post, 
G. A. R., and served as its first Senior Vice- 
Commander. He retired from active business 
pursuits some time since, and receives a 
merited pension from the government. 



61 HOI 



HOMAS H. HOYT, an able lawyer 
(^1 and prominent resident of Merrimac, 
was born in this town, May 11, 1849. 
He is of Puritan ancestry. His father was 
one of the nine abolitionists who, headed by 
the poet Whittier, marched to the polls in 
Amesbury to support the Free Soil party in 
the face of much popular antipathy. 

After completing his early education at the 
New Hampton (N.H.) Literary Institute, 
Thomas H. Hoyt graduated from the law de- 
partment of the University of Michigan in 
1874 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, and 



was admitted to the bar in the following year. 
Returning to New England some time later, 
he was for two years associated with D. C. 
Bartlett in the practice of his profession in 
Haverhill, Mass. In 1880 he located in his 
native town, where he has acquired a large 
and profitable general law business, and won 
the confidence of the general public, as well 
as of his numerous clientage, by his legal 
ability and sterling integrity. Though not a 
politician, Mr. Hoyt is deeply interested in 
local affairs and educational matters. He 
served upon the Board of Selectmen for three 
years and on the School Board for fourteen 
years, having been the chairman of the latter 
body for the greater part of the time. 



^^•^» 




W/ ILLIAM GOODHUE, a well-known 
farmer and dairyman of Ipswich, 
was born September 20, 1835, on 
the old Goodhue homestead, three miles west 
of the village. A son of the late Aaron Good- 
hue, he belongs to an old and honored family. 
His first ancestor in this country was Will- 
iam Goodhue, who, born in England in 1612 
or 161 3, married Margery Nutsen, of Kent, 
England, and came to America in 1635 or 
1636, his wife dying here in 1668. The line 
of descent comes through Joseph, born in Ips- 
wich in 1639 on the homestead above men- 
tioned, who married Sarah Whipple; Will- 
iam, born in 1666, who married Mary Lou- 
don; their son William, born in 1687 or 
168S, who married Abigail Adams; William, 
the succeeding ancestor, born in 1727, who 
married Mary Lord, and died in 1807; 
and Aaron, the grandfather of William, born 
in 1761, who married Mary Kimball. The 
last-named ancestor served in the Revolution- 
ary War, and died in 1847. 

Aaron Goodhue, Jr., the father of the pres- 



l82 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



cut William, belonged to the seventh genera- 
tion descended from the first William. He 
was born April 12, 1794, on the old home- 
stead, which became his by inheritance, the 
title having passed by will from descendant 
to descendant since it came into possession 
of the family. He was in every respect a 
worthy representative of his family, maintain- 
ing in a marked degree those traits of honesty, 
industry, and thrift, characteristic of the early 
New Englander. He carried on mixed hus- 
bandry during his active years, residing on 
the old farm until his death, which occurred 
June 16, 1868. His widow, whose maiden 
name was Fanny Maria Cooper, resides near 
her son William, a well-preserved woman of 
eighty-nine years, retaining to a noted degree 
her mental and physical powers, not even 
needing glasses to aid her sight. One of her 
sons, Charles I^eonard Goodhue, is a promi- 
nent business man of Springfield, being the 
contractor, builder, and one of the promoters 
of the fine system of water-works in that city. 
William Goodhue remained on the home 
farm until after the death of his father, assist- 
ing in the various labors incidental to farm 
life. He inherited the homestead property, 
on which the original house, erected probably 
more than two hundred and fifty years ago, 
stood until 1882. The barn now standing 
contains a part of the original barn, which, 
without doubt, was built at about the same 
time as the house. In 1879 Mr. Goodhue re- 
moved to his present farm, which lies nearer 
the village, being one mile west of the Ips- 
wich railway station. On his eighty acres 
of land, which was formerly included in the 
Dawson homestead, he carries on general 
farming with success, at the same time mak- 
ing substantial improvements on the place, 
including the erection of a fine set of build- 
ings well adapted for his business. I'ormerly 



he manufactured large quantities of cider; 
but he is now especially devoting his time to 
dairying, which he finds quite profitable. 
His reputation is that of an able business 
man. 

In politics Mr. Goodhue is a firm advocate 
of Republican principles. On November 30, 
1882, he married Miss Addie Farnum, of 
Gloucester, a daughter of Samuel and Abigail 
(Andrews) Farnum. Mr. and Mrs. Goodhue 
have two children, namely: Fannie ]5elle, 
born July 29, 1S83; and William W., born 
August 6, 1S89. The family are members of 
the First Church of Ipswich. 




ELLINGTON POOL, Town Clerk 
of Wenham, also the sexton and 
clerk of the Congregational parish, 
is a native of Rockport, Mass., born on July 
5, 1831. His parents, Colonel William and 
Sophia (Tarr) Pool, were both born in Rock- 
port. The Pools are an old family of Rock- 
port. John Pool, the great -great-grandfather 
of Wellington, was the second permanent set- 
tler in the town. The first settler, Richard 
Tarr, was an ancestor of Mrs. Sophia Pool. 
Caleb Lufkin, a great-grandfather of Welling- 
ton, was a soldier of the Revolution. Deacon 
Abraham Pool, the paternal grandfather, was 
one of the leading citizens of Rockport. 

Colonel William Pool, born March 16, 
1796, was a school teacher in the early and 
middle part of his life. Later he carried on 
a farm, and did considerable surveying. He 
was the first Town Clerk of Rockport after it 
was set off from Gloucester in 1840, and con- 
tinued to hold the office for twenty-nine 
years, being succeeded by his son Calvin, the 
present incumbent. From 1850 to 1856 he 
was a Special Commissioner of Essex County. 
He was a member of the School Committee 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



183 



for many years and the secretary of the Con- 
gregational Sabbath-school for a quarter of a 
century. His title was received in the Mas- 
sachusetts militia, he being an officer in the 
Second Regiment, First Brigade of the Second 
Division of that organization. During the 
War of 1812 he wras engaged in military duty 
as a private, and subsequently he received a 
land warrant for his services. His wife, 
Sophia, born September 15, 1796, was a 
daughter of Jabez Tarr, a soldier of the Revo- 
lution, who was in Captain John Row's com- 
pany, fought at Bunker Hill, and took part in 
the siege of Boston. At his second enlist- 
ment Jabez joined Captain Swazey's company 
from Marblehead, regiment of Colonel Glover, 
who afterward was made a General, and subse- 
quently fought at White Plains and in other 
engagements. He also served as prize-mas- 
ter's mate on the Gloucester packet, a gun- 
ship that was in service near the close of the 
war. Benjamin Tarr, father of Jabez, and 
great-grandfather on the maternal side of the 
subject of this sketch, served in the war of 
the Revolution for about six months, in 1776, 
as Second Lieutenant in Captain Joseph 
Whipple's company, in the sea-coast defense 
at Gloucester, Mass. The living children of 
Colonel William and Sophia Pool are: Well- 
ington; Calvin W., of Rockport; and Sophia, 
the wife of Alonzo Wheeler, and now a resi- 
dent of Rockport. Colonel Pool died Novem- 
ber 3, 1 87 1, aged seventy-five years, and his 
wife on February 14, 1S67, aged nearly 
seventy-one years. 

Wellington Pool remained in his native 
town until twelve years of age. Then he 
came to Wenham, where he began to learn the 
shoemaker's trade, which he followed until 
1876. He worked in Wenham until 1871 
and after that in factories at Beverly. Since 
1875 he has been Justice of the Peace. In 



1870 he was elected Clerk of Wenham, in 
which capacity he has served up to the present 
time. At first a Whig, he joined the Repub- 
lican party at its organization. He is now a 
member of the Republican Town Committee, 
and was formerly its secretary. His first 
Presidential vote was cast for General Scott, 
but in 1856 he voted for General Fremont. 
Mr. Pool is also the clerk of the Congrega- 
tional parish and the church sexton. He is a 
member of the Masonic order; of Alexander 
Hamilton Council, No. 10, Order of United 
American Mechanics; of Aggressive Lodge 
of Good Templars at Beverly, Mass. ; of the 
Essex Institute of Salem; of the Society of 
Colonial Wars in the Commonwealth of Mas- 
sachusetts; of the Massachusetts Society of 
the Sons of the American Revolution; and of 
the Massachusetts Society of the War of 18 12. 
For years he has been an earnest advocate of 
temperance. 




ILLARD ALVIN BURNHAM, 
who for many years has been identi- 
fied with the building of fishing- 
vessels in Essex, was born in this town, Octo- 
ber I, 1841, son of Willard R. and Lucy 
(Andrews) Burnham. He is a descendant of 
Lieut. Thomas Burnham, who was born in 
England in 1623, and came to America with 
his uncle. Captain Robert Andrews, on board 
the ship "Angel Gabriel" in 1635. The 
line of descent continues through John Burn- 
ham, born in Essex in 1648; Thomas Burn- 
ham, born in 1673 ; Jeremiah Burnham, born 
in 1702; and Willard Alvin's great-grand- 
father, Aaron Burnham, who was born in 
Essex, May 15, 1743. Of this family, one of 
the oldest and best known in this part of the 
county, a more extended account will be found 
in the biography of Washington Burnham. 



i84 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Moses Burnham, the grandfather, born in 
Essex, December 24, 1771, was a fisherman 
and a farmer, and died in 1859. He married 
Eunice Andrews, and had a family of seven 
children, of whom none survive. They were : 
Aaron, Moses, EH F., Eunice, Jeremiah, 
Daniel, and Willard R. Willard R. Burn- 
ham, Willard A. Burnham's father, was born 
in Essex, July 6, 1S07, and died November 
6, 1S97. In his earlier years he was engaged 
in the fishing industry. Later he became a 
boat-builder, and constructed many vessels for 
the Gloucester fleet. For the last eighteen 
years of his life he lived in retirement in 
Essex. His wife, Lucy Andrews, who was 
born in this town, May 9, 1813, became the 
mother of two children, namely: Lucy, 
Amelia, born April 18, 1837, who died July 
19, 185 1 ; and Willard A., the subject of this 
sketch. Mrs. Willard R. l^urnham died Feb- 
ruary I, 1S72. 

Willard Alvin Burnham acquired a com- 
mon - school education, and, when a young 
man, learned the boat-building trade with his 
father. He has since followed that occupa- 
tion in Essex, with the exception of a short 
time spent in Gloucester, and is now carrying 
on business to some extent. Besides this he 
has an interest in the Safe Deposit and Trust 
Company of Gloucester, of which he is a 
director. On July 30, 1861, he was united in 
marriage with Clarissa L. Story, daughter of 
Jonathan Story, a carpenter by trade, and 
Clarissa (Low) Story, both of whom were 
natives of Essex and are now deceased. Mr. 
and Mrs. Burnham have two daughters: Laura 
A., the wife of Frederick Haskell, a black- 
smith of Essex; and Hettie Chester, the wife 
of Francis Cogswell, a carpenter of this town. 
Politically, Mr. Burnham is a Republican 
and a member of the Republican Town Com- 
mittee. He served with ability as a Select- 



man and Assessor for seven years, as a mem- 
ber of the School Board for three years, as 
chief of the fire department for eight years; 
and he is at present a trustee of the Essex 
Library. His public services in these capaci- 
ties are highly commended by his fellow- 
townsmen. He is connected with John D. 
Hurd Lodge, F. & A. M., of Ipswich, 
and with Starr King Lodge, No. 81, Knights 
of Pythias. 




^' EORGE A. SMITH, of Lawrence, 
3 1 Mass., superintendent of the Law- 
rence Public Library, was born No- 
vember 21, 1835, in Worcester County, this 
State. After completing his education in the 
public schools of Barre, Worcester County, he 
came to Lawrence a lad of fifteen years, but 
a few months later returned home to Barre, 
and went to work in the mills in the village of 
Smithville. 

In 1S56 he accepted a position in the spin- 
ning department of the Atlantic Mills in 
Lawrence; and, when those mills were closed 
in 1862, he went to the Pemberton Mills, 
then just rebuilt after the falling of the walls 
on the loth of January, 1S60, in which one 
hundred or more persons lost their lives. 
Two years later he left the Pemberton, and 
returned to the Atlantic, where he was soon 
given charge of the spinning department of 
the largest mill. Mr. Smith continued his 
connection with this company for thirty con- 
secutive years, during the last twenty of which 
he had control of all the ring spinners and 
spoolers of the different mills of this large 
plant, having as many as three hundred and 
fifty hands under his immediate supervision. 
During his many years of experience he be- 
came thoroughly acquainted with the details of 
the business; and during several legal con- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



'8S 



tests over patents in which he was interested 
he was before the courts as a witness and an 
expert, in one important case being on the 
stand seventeen days. As he had visited all 
the large mills of New England and investi- 
gated the machinery of the various plants, his 
testimony was clear and of great assistance in 
deciding the merits of the questions pending. 

Although not a college graduate, Mr. Smith 
has always taken a deep interest in literary 
pursuits, and has written on many topics, con- 
tributing articles in prose and sometimes in 
verse to different periodicals. His especial 
hobby of recent times has been the cultivation 
of seeds, flowers, and fruit, in which be has 
been unusually successful. In 1S90 he came 
into possession of the Whiting property, a large 
brick block fitted up for four tenements, one 
of which he and his family occupy. The past 
five years since leaving the mill Mr. Smith, 
as superintendent of the public library, has 
had charge of the building and the surround- 
ing grounds. He is prompt in forwarding 
whatever in his opinion will advance the 
moral interests of the community, and for 
thirty-eight years he has been an active mem- 
ber and for many years a Deacon of the Sec- 
ond Baptist Church. 

Mr. Smith and Nancy B. Smith, of Wind- 
sor, Vt. , were married in November, 1858. 
Their only daughter, Blanche, died at the 
tender age of three and one-half years. They 
have three sons, all of whom are married and 
have families; namely: Howard I., who is an 
employee of the Greenwood Company, of New 
Hartford, Conn. ; George H., who is con- 
nected with the Pemberton Mills in Law- 
rence; and Fred W. , an engineer in the 
electric plant in Springfield, Mass. The 
grandchildren of Mr. and Mrs. Smith are five 
in number. 

Mr. Smith has never sought political 



honors ; and he has held but one office, that of 
Councilman from Ward Three in 1865, he 
being one of the last Republicans elected from 
that stronghold of Democracy. The old high 
school was built that year, and Mr. Smith was 
on the committee that built the police station 
also. The only thing he takes real pride in 
is the fact that for thirty-seven years he has 
had charge of one class in the Sunday-school. 




DWARD P. WILDES, late a well- 
known and influential resident of 
Georgetown, Mass., at the time of 
his death, on May 4, 1898, chairmaji of the 
Board of Overseers of the Poor, was born in 
this town, August 27, 1832. He was a son of 
Green and Mary D. (Jewett) Wildes. His 
paternal grandfather, Ezra Wildes, who was 
born in Boxford, Mass., in 1749, served as 
a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Green 
Wildes was born in 1812, and died in 1874. 
He was a farmer and a shoe manufacturer 
during the active period of his life. His 
wife, Mary D. Jewett, who was born in 
Georgetown in 181 2, a daughter of Jeremiah 
Jewett, died in 1884. 

Edward P. Wildes was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Georgetown and at the Dum- 
mer Academy in Newbury. After completing 
his course of study he remained at home, as- 
sisting his father in carrying on the farm 
until reaching his majority ; and then he be- 
came a cutter in a shoe factory at Georgetown 
village. In 1862 he enlisted as a private 
in Company K, Fiftieth Regiment, Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Infantry, under Captain 
John G. Barnes and Colonel C. P. Messer. 
He served under General Banks at New Or- 
leans, was at the siege and capture of Port 
Hudson, and was discharged in 1863. In the 
following year he re-enlisted in the Seven- 



iS6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



tcenth Unattached Company, under Captain 
Barnes, and was commissioned by Governor 
Andrew Second Lieutenant. He was sta- 
tioned at Fort Pici<ering in Salem Harbor for 
one hundred days, which was the term of his 
enlistment; and, again enlisting, he was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant, and mustered out 
as such in 1865. 

Mr. Wildes was a comrade of Everett Pea- 
body Post, No. 108, G. A. K., in which he 
filled various official positions, finally serving 
as Adjutant. He was a firm supporter of the 
Democratic party, being chairman of the Essex 
County Democratic Committee. He served 
as Overseer of the Poor for eight years or 
more, and was for a number of years a trustee 
of the Peabody Library of Georgetown. He 
was a charter member of Starr King Lodge, 
F. & A. M., of Salem, and acted as organ- 
ist until joining Charles C. Dame Lodge, of 
Georgetown, in which he officiated in the 
same capacity from the date of its organiza- 
tion. He was a teacher of music, and from 
1853 he sang in church choirs in this town. 

In 1857 Mr. Wildes was united in marriage 
with Martha J. Dorman, daughter of Cyrus 
Dorman, of Georgetown. One son, Charles 
E., was born to Mr. and Mrs. Wildes in 1859. 
He married Emma Rollins. 



OSIAH ARTHUR LAM SON, an ex- 
tensive and thriving agriculturist of 
Topsfield, Essex County, Mass., son of 
Josiah Bridge Lamson, was born May 3, 1843, 
at the ancestral homestead, in the house in 
which he now lives. He is a lineal descend- 
ant of William Lamson, who came from 
County Durham, England, and settling at 
Ipswich, Mass., was made a freeman there in 
1637. Barnabas Lamson was a Selectman in 
Cambridge in 1636. 



The family name has been variously spelled, 
Lanipsom, Lampton, Lamson, and Lambton, 
the present Earl of Durham adhering to the 
latter form. The original deed of the present 
homestead property in Topsfield shows that 
"William Hewlett" sold "for one hundred 
and fifty pounds, to John Lamson, fifty acres 
of upland and meadow on south side of Ipswich 
River, November 19, 1680." 

The following is the copy of another paper 
preserved in the Lamson family: — 

At a Court holden at Boston, March 4, 1632. 

It is ordered that no person soever shall go to plant 
or inhabit at Agawam without leave from the Court ex- 
cept those that are already gone with Mr. John Win- 
throp pere primis; Mr. Clark, Robert Coldy, Thomas 
Howlet, John Biggs, John Gage, Thomas Hardy, Will- 
iam Perkins, Mr. Thorndyke, William Sargent. 

A true coppy of Record. 

Examined, 

J. J. WiLLARD, Sccry. 

Captain John Lamson, the grandfather of 
Josiah Arthur Lamson, inherited the original 
Topsfield homestead, on which he was born 
June 3, 1787; and he lived here until his 
death, nearly seventy years later, October 3, 
1856. He had but one brother. Dr. Josiah 
Lamson, of Plssex, Mass. On September 2, 
1 81 2, Captain John Lamson married Priscilla 
Averill, who was born May 17, 1792, and died 
August 12, 1S72. She was a direct descend- 
ant in the eighth generation of Governor 
Thomas Dudley and his wife, Dorothy. 

A brief record of the children of Cajjtain 
John and Priscilla Averill Lamson is as fol- 
lows: Josiah Bridge, born March 5, 1815, 
died May 11, 1868; Althea Huntington, born 
March 19, 181 7, died November 22, 1842, 
unmairied; Mercy Perkins, born May 15, 
1 8 19, married Joseph Beckett, of Peabody, 
and died in March, 1895; Mary Ann, born 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



187 



February 28, 1821, married Alfred McKenzie, 
of Peabody, and died September 15, 1873; 
John, born October 28, 1823, died when 
young; Priscilla Augusta, born November 28, 
182S, married Frederic Porter, of Salem, and 
died in that city, April 25, 1S62; and John 
Augustus, born March 3, 1831, is a promi- 
nent physician of Boston, Mass., located at 35 
Fairfield Street, at the Back Bay. 

Josiah Bridge Lamson, the eldest son, occu- 
pied the homestead farm of three hundred 
acres, lying near the old Appleton property. 
In November, 1S38, he married Angelina 
Mason, who was born in Sullivan, N.H., Feb- 
ruary 2, 1819. They had five children, 
namely: Anna Sprague Lamson, a teacher in 
Cambridgeport, Mass. ; Josiah Arthur, farmer 
of Topsfield ; Alathea Orietta, wife of Eugene 
L. Wildes; Ada Maria, wife of Clarence H. 
Smith, of Brockton, Mass. ; and Angle, wife 
of George M. Adams, of Hamilton. Mrs. 
Angelina M. Lamson died at the home of her 
daughter, Mrs. Wildes, March 10, 1S89. 

Josiah Arthur Lamson has succeeded to the 
occupation and home of his forefathers, and is 
well sustaining the reputation of "a skilful 
and thrifty farmer" in former times bestowed 
upon each preceding ancestor. P'ifty acres 
have been added to the original estate, giving 
him an aggregate of three hundred acres of 
land to manage. This he does in a most in- 
telligent and capable manner, taking advan- 
tage of the most approved modern methods, 
carrying on general farming and dairying with 
eminent success. He raises some stock, and 
from his dairy of twenty choice cows sells the 
milk, finding that a more profitable way to 
dispose of it than by manufacturing butter or 
cheese. A part of his pleasant dwelling- 
house, which is an old landmark of Topsfield, 
was built more than two hundred years ago, 
additions to it having been made from time to 



time, as more room and more conveniences 
were deemed necessary. He has replaced the 
old barn by a commodious and well -arranged 
structure. 

Mr. Lamson is a Republican in politics, 
but not an office-seeker. He takes an active 
interest in town affairs, and has been on the 
School Committee for nine consecutive years, 
a fact that speaks well for the efficiency of his 
service. He belongs to the Essex County 
Agricultural Society; is a member of P'"ountain 
Lodge, No. 170, I. O. O. F.i of Topsfield, in 
which he has passed all the chairs; of the 
A. O. U. W., in which he has filled all the 
offices; of the Topsfield Historical Society; 
and of the Topsfield Grange, of which he has 
been Master. 

Mr. Lamson was married December 21, 
1868, to Miss Harriett A. Wells, who was 
born in Topsfield, January 13, 1841, a daugh- 
ter of Hiram and Almira (Small) Wells, of 
this town. Mr. and Mrs. Lamson have two 
children, namely: Gertrude Idalia, born No- 
vember 17, 1869, who is married to Arthur 
C. Glover, and has one child, John Lamson 
Glover, born December 14, 1896; and Fred 
Josiah, born July i, i87r, who married 
Agatine Gowen. 

Mr. Lamson's grandson, John Lamson 
Glover, now in his second year, is of the 
twelfth generation of the posterity of Governor 
Thomas Dudley and his wife, Dorothy. The 
following table shows his descent through 
various male and female ancestors : — 

1. Governor Thomas Dudley. 

2. Anne Dudley, who married Governor 
Simon Ikadstreet. 

3. John Bradstreet, who married Sarah 
Perkins. 

4. Simon Bradstreet, second, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Joseph Capen, 
of Topsfield. 



iS8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



5. Elizabeth Bradstrcet, who inanied Jo- 
seph I'eabody. 

6. Priscilla I'eabody, who married Isaac 
Averill. 

7. Elijah Averill, who married Mary Gould. 

8. Priscilla Averill, who married Captain 
John Lamson. 

9. Josiah Bridge Lamson, who married 
Angelina Mason. 

10. Josiah Arthur Lamson, who nnirried 
Harriett A. Wells. 

11. Gertrude Idalia Lamson, who married 
Arthur C. Glover. 

12. John Lamson Glover, born December 
14, i8g6. 

<^»^» — 

(^AMES ABBOTT, the well-known paint- 
ing contractor of Gloucester, Mass., is 
a resident of Rockport, where he was 
born February 26, 1864, being the only son 
of Eben G. and Elizabeth (Rowe) Abbott. 
His father was a native of Rockport, as was 
also his paternal grandfather, both bearing the 
name of Eben G. Abbott. His great-grand- 
father, William Abbott, a citizen of this 
town, was a Revolutionary soldier. The 
Abbott and Rowe families are of English 
origin. 

Eben G. Abbott, second, James Abbott's 
father, was prominent in the business circles 
of Rockport and Gloucester. For several 
years he served as president of the Granite 
Savings Bank of Rockport and as a director 
of the Rockport National Bank. In 1870 he 
engaged in the painting business in Glouces- 
ter, carrying it on alone until 1884, when he 
admitted his son to partnership, continuing 
actively connected with the firm until 1S94. 
He died October 3, 1896. He was a gener- 
ous, public-spirited citizen, ever ready with 
his aid and influence to forward any movement 
calculated to be of benefit to the town. In 



politics he was a Republican. He was an 
active Mason and Odd Fellow and an hono- 
rary member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. For years he was one of the leading 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
contributing liberally toward its support, and 
serving as its treasurer and superintendent of 
the Sunday school. He is survived by his 
wife, Mrs. Elizabeth R. Abbott, who is a 
native of this town, and resides here. Her 
children are both living, namely : James, the 
subject of this sketch; and Lucy A., wife of 
Loring Cook, of Gloucester. 

James Abbott in his youth, after attending 
the public schools, completed his studies with 
a commercial course at Bryant & Stratton's 
Business College, Boston. He learned the 
painting business with his father, who ad- 
mitted him to partnership, as above stated; 
and since 1894 he has been sole proprietor. 
He is engaged principally in contracting for 
the painting of vessels, and during the busy 
season he employs a large force of workmen. 
In 1895 he also engaged with his cousin, 
Freeman H. Abbott, in the ice business in 
Gloucester, under the firm name (jf F. H. 
Abbott & Co., their plant being situated at 
Cape Pond. For a number of years Mr. 
James Abbott has been a trustee of the Granite 
Savings Bank; and in January, 1897, he was 
elected to the Board of Directors of the Rock- 
port National Bank. At the present time he 
is serving as Senior Warden of Ashler Lodge, 
A. F. & A. M., and is Past Grand of Granite 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. He is also a member of 
Bethlehem Commandery, Knights Templars, 
and an associate member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. 

Mr. Abbott married Susan G. Dennis, 
daughter of John G. Dennis, late of Rock- 
jwrt. Four children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Abbott, and three of them are now 




GEORGE K. ISKADFOKD. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



191 



living; namely, James Norman, Ebeii Ray- 
mojul, and Susie Elizabeth Abbott. One 
daughter, Lucy Dennis Abbott, died Decem- 
ber 13, 1892, at the age of four years. 



r^o 



ICORGE RICHARD BRADEORD, 
y|5F president of the First National ]5ank, 
Gloucester, Mass., and one of the 
most prominent business men on Cape Ann, 
is a native of North Springfield, Vt., and was 
born November 7, 1828. His parents were 
Richard and Mary (Stimson) Bradford. His 
father was born April 4, 1797, in Chester; 
and his mother was a native of Ludlow, Vt. 

Andrew ]5radford, grandfather of George 
R., was a native of Massachusetts. He be- 
came one of the early settlers in the vicinity 
of Springfield, Vt. , where he was engaged in 
farming for the greater part of his life. He 
served in the Revolutionary War as a member 
of Captain Moody Dust in 's company, which 
was attached to the Second Regiment, New 
Hampshire Infantry, fought under General 
Stark in the battle of Bennington, and also 
took part in the battles of Stillwater and Sara- 
toga. He again entered the army in the War 
of 1 812, and was present at the battle of 
Plattsburg. He lived to be seventy-eight 
years old, and died in 1838. The maiden 
name of his wife was Lucy Parker. They 
were married in Milford, N.H. 

Richard Bradford, George R. Bradford's 
father, learned the cabinet-maker's trade, 
which was his principal occupation during 
his active years; and he also carried on a 
small farm. For several years he was asso- 
ciated with his brother Andrew in the cabinet- 
making business, and employed several men. 
He was an ardent abolitionist, and followed 
the majority of the Whig element into the 
ranks of the Republican party. In his relig- 



ious views he was a Baptist. Richard Brad- 
ford died April 30, 1890, at the advanced age 
of ninety-three years. His wife, Mary Stim- 
son, was a daughter of Charles Stimson, of 
Ludlow, Vt. They were the parents of two 
children, namely: George R., the subject 
of this sketch; and Mary, who resides in 
Gloucester, and is the widow of Lewis Davis. 
George Richard Bradford acquired his edu- 
cation in the district schools of his native 
town; and in the summer of 1844 he worked 
in the granite quarries at Rockport, Mass. 
He returned to Vermont the following winter; 
and in the spring he accompanied his parents 
to Whitinsville, Mass., where he learned the 
painter's trade. Three years later he went to 
Janesville, Wis., where he was employed the 
succeeding year in a large store kept by the 
county treasurer, and then rejoined his par- 
ents, who had returned to Springfield, Vt. 
His next engagement was as manager of a 
large store in Moulton, Ala., where he 
remained nearly two years. Returning to 
Rockport, Mass., he purchased a grocery 
store, which he sold two years later. He 
then became associated with Eames, Stimson 
& Co. as a partner, assisting in organizing 
that concern, and contributing largely to its 
capital stock. He was actively engaged in 
directing its affairs for ten years, or until the 
enterprise was sold to the corporation known 
as the Rockport Granite Comnnny, with which 
he is still officially connected. Mr. Bradford 
had already become a director in the Rockport 
Bank, and he now decided to give his princi- 
pal attention to the national banking busi- 
ness. Refusing a good offer from a West- 
ern national bank, just organized under the 
new system, he became one of the incorpora- 
tors of the First National Bank of Glouces- 
ter, an enterprise that has been successful 
from the start. Mr. Bradford was its cashier 



192 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



until 1S94, when he was chosen president. 
Since 1867 he has been treasurer of the Cape 
Ann Anchor Works, which has a world-wide 
reputation; and he was one of the incorpora- 
tors of the Cape Ann Isinglass Company, of 
which he has been treasurer since 1873. His 
investments in other industries and financial 
enterprises have been numerous and produc- 
tive of excellent results. He was formerly 
manager and now is president of the Glouces- 
ter Gas Light Company, and is president of 
the Russia Cement Company, who conduct 
the largest fish glue establishment in the 
world, manufacture Le Page's liquid glue, and 
are the proprietors of the Essex Fertilizer. 
He is a director of the Pigeon Hill Granite 
Company, is president of the Gloucester Safe 
Deposit and Trust Company, and president of 
the printing company which publishes the 
Cape Ann Breeze. 

Mr. Bradford married Emma Sewall, of 
Rockport, daughter of Levi Sewall, one of the 
original members of the firm of Eames, Stim- 
son & Co. Having no children of their own, 
Mr. and Mrs. Bradford have reared her 
niece. Mr. Bradford attends the Congrega- 
tional church, of which Mrs. Bradford is a 
member. He took an active part in organiz- 
ing the Gloucester Fishermen's Institute, in- 
augurated for the purpose of improving the 
moral and religious welfare of the seafaring 
men of the city. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, and connected with Ashley 
Lodge, Rockport. 



KRANK E. DAVIS, Mayor of Glouces- 
ter, was born in this city in 1851. A 
son of Ebcn Davis, he is descended 
from one of the earlier settlers of Cape Ann. 
His great-grandfather, P'benezer Davis, and 
Ebenezer's brother, Samuel, participated in 



the battle of Bunker Hill. Ebenezer subse- 
quently located at Rockport, where he spent 
his remaining days. At his death he was 
buried in the Rockport cemetery. His son, 
Eben Davis, Sr. , the grandfather of P'rank E., 
spent his entire life on Cape Ann. The 
father of Frank E. was born in Rockport, 
where he grew to man's estate. Coming then 
to Gloucester, he was master of a fishing- 
vessel for some thirty years. Afterward he es- 
tablished himself in business as a stove dealer 
and plumber, and in the course of a few years 
built up an extensive and lucrative trade. He 
is now living in this city, retired from active 
pursuits, enjoying the fruits of his early in- 
dustry. He married Annie S. Wheeler, a 
descendant of one of the oldest families in 
this part of Plssex County. They reared two 
children — Frank H and P'lora. Flora is now 
the wife of George C. Lovis, of Newton, 
Mass. 

Frank p]. Davis was educated in the graded 
schools and high schof)l of Gloucester. At 
the early age of ten years he began to spentl 
his summers on board the fishing - vessels, 
often taking long trips. For several years he 
was in partnership with Mr. Mayo in the firm 
of Mayo & Davis. In 1873 he embarked in 
the stove business as junior member of the 
firm Davis & Co. Some experiments of his 
having proved successful, he decided to con- 
fine his attention entirely to fish curing and 
dealing. P"or the j^ast twelve years he has 
been profitably engaged in handling fish, jjrin- 
cipally mackerel, which he buys in large 
quantities from the various vessels employed 
at tiie Banks, and, after repacking them, 
sells to the consumers in all parts of the 
country, his trade being outside of Gloucester. 
His products are well known throughout the 
United States. 

Mr. Davis has served the city most elPi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



193 



ciently in various capacities. For two years 
he was a Councilman, and he was a member of 
the Board of Aldermen in 1895. In 1897 he 
was the Independent candidate for Mayor ot 
the city upon the citizens' ticket, which was 
supported by the leading men of the place; 
and he was elected without the use of political 
machinery. During the recent water contest 
he labored early and late in the interests of 
the municipality, and the case is now before 
the court. His connection with secret or- 
ganizations includes membership in the 
Knights of Pythias, the I. O. of R. M., the 
I. O. O. F. , in which he has filled all the 
offices, the encampment of the same society, 
and the Masonic fraternity, in which he is 
a Master. He is one of the I'L.xecutive Com- 
mittee of the Board of the Business Men's 
Association, and, was formerly a member of 
the Gloucester Board of Trade. 

Mr. Davis married Miss Alice E. Colbey, 
who was born in Gloucester, Mass., August 
30, 1S59, a daughter of Abner L. and Cyrena 
A. (Foss) Colbey. He has three cliildren — 
Alice P., Arthur C, and Carrie M. 



(SThe 



HE CHALLIS FAMILY has made its 
^1 home for more than two hundred years 
on Challis Hill, one of the historic and 
picturesque spots of Amesbury. P'rom the 
observatory on the roof of the beautiful resi- 
dence now occupied by Mrs. Challis Os- 
borne, which is one of the most sightly in the 
whole country-side, glimpses can be had of 
three States and twenty towns. 

Phillip Watson Challis, from whom the 
family is descended, was one of the original 
settlers of old Salisbury. He located near the 
Mudock Road, opposite Carr's Island, where 
was established in 1639 the first ferry crossing 
the Merrimac River. Besides being very 



prominent in town affairs, he was First Lieu- 
tenant in the militia for many years. In 
1669, 1670, 1672, 1674, 1676, 1678, and 
1680 he served on the Prudential Committee. 
His death occurred about the year 16S0. He 
had served as Deputy to the General Court in 
1662, and had been on the Prudential Com- 
mittee also in 1659, about seven years be- 
fore the town was legally incorporated in 
1666. The large tracts of land he owned 
were inherited by his children. His son, 
Thomas, was a man fully equal in ability to 
his father. Although a Quaker, Thomas took 
a very active part in town affairs. Thomas 
Challis, Jr., born December 18, 1709, mar- 
ried Sarah Weed, and had five children. Of 
the latter, David, born in September, 1737, 
married on December 22, 1763, Ruth Dow. 
Samuel, son of David, born September 18, 
1767, married Judith Dow. He was also 
a member of the Society of Friends, as were 
all the members of the family. After .spend- 
ing his life in agricultural pursuits on the old 
homestead, he died suddenly while sitting at 
the breakfast-table. 

Josiah Dow Challis, father of Mrs. Osborne, 
was born on December 19, 1802. The resi- 
dence standing opposite the old Challis house 
was built by him. Pie was esteemed as a man 
of good judgment, and at one time was Select- 
man of the town. At his death, on February 
22, 1885, he was eighty-two years old. His 
wife, Ruth Jones Challis, who died Febru- 
ary 2, 1879, was a daughter of Philip Jones, 
the celebrated Friend at Lion's Mouth. Her 
uncle, Ezekiel Jones, married Miss Hussey, 
whose sister became the mother of John 
Greenleaf Whittier. Josiah and Ruth Jones 
Challis had two children — David Edwin and 
Ellen Maria. David Edwin, born September 
II, 1827, died at the age of twelve. Ellen 
Maria, born September 30, 1836, married 



194 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Jonathan H. Osborne, and for some years re- 
sided in the old house built in 1696. Mr. 
Osborne afterward built the present beautiful 
residence upon the summit of the hill. An 
active and energetic man, he was prominent in 
town matters, especially at the time when the 
town was divided. He was Selectman for five 
years, and was a member of the Friends' So- 
ciety for many years. John G. Whittier, with 
whom he was intimate, said of him, "He is 
a man who thinks for himself." He died 
April I, i8go. His children by Mrs. Os- 
borne are Annie and Ruth Ellen. Annie, 
who married M. Berry Chesley, lives in the 
old homestead, where her mother began house- 
keeping, and has two children. The younger 
daughter, Ruth Ellen, lives with her mother. 
Mrs. Osborne has always taken a deep interest 
in the affairs of the church. She is a member 
of the Elizabeth H. Whittier Club and of the 
W. C. T. U. It is a peculiar fact that for 
more than a hundred years no member of the 
Challis family has moved away from the home- 
stead. It was in the eighteenth century that 
a grand-aunt of Mrs. Osborne's married and 
settled in Lynn. 



TEASLEE LITTLE, a prominent 
lumber manufacturer and farmer of 
Amesbury, and a well-known breeder 
of fancy live stock, was born in Hampstead, 
N. H., in 1839, son of David and Louise 
(I'easlee) Little. On the paternal side he is 
descended from early settlers of Newbury, 
Mass. His mother was a daughter of Obadiah 
I'easlee, of Hampstead. Jonathan Little, J. 
Peaslee Little's grandfather, moved from 
Newbury to Hampstead, where he took up 
a large tract of land, and became an extensive 
farmer. He was active in public affairs, 
served in the New Hampshire House of Rep- 



resentatives, and held a Colonel's commission 
in the State militia. David Little, after 
passing the greater part of his life upon a farm 
in Hampstead, spent his last years in New- 
buryport, where he died in 18S4. 

J. Peaslee Little was educated in his native 
town. When twenty-seven years old he set- 
tled in Amesbury. As a stock farmer he has 
acquired a wide reputation, having raised some 
of the finest specimens of thoroughbred cattle 
ever produced in this part of the State. For 
many years he was a well-known figure at the 
Brighton market, where his stock always 
brought high prices. During the past twenty- 
five years he has taken a lively interest in 
agricultural societies, having won many money 
prizes, as well as blue ribbons and other 
trophies, for exhibits at Bangor and Lewiston, 
Me., and Rochester, N. H. Visitors at the 
Essex County and the Amesbury and Salis- 
bury fairs are also familiar with his prize 
cattle. Mr. Little has been a trustee of the 
Essex County Agricultural Society for a num- 
ber of years, and has rendered valuable aid in 
securing its successful exhibits. ]5oth as an 
operator and manufacturer he is extensively 
interested in the lumber business. In 1S96 
he sawed six hundred thousand feet at his 
Amesl)ury mills. These mills furnish much 
of the building material used in this section, 
Lawrence, and Haverhill. 

On January 15, 1867, Mr. Little married 
Mary A. Jewell, daughter of George Jewell, 
a representative of an old and highly reputable 
family of Essex County. Mrs. Little is the 
mother of one daughter, Annie Louise, who 
is a graduate of the Amesbury High School. 
On December 28, 1897, Miss Little was 
united in marriage with George Ashley Wood- 
som, of ]?erwick, Me., who comes of an old 
Maine family. Mr. and Mrs. Woodsom re- 
side with her iiarcnts at the old homestead. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



'95 



Mr. Little by preference spends his leisure 
with his family in his pleasant home at Lion's 
Mouth. 



DVVARD SMITH EVELETH, M.D., 
for over thirty years a successful medi- 
cal practitioner in Gloucester, was 
born in Essex, October 14, 1841, son of Ed- 
ward and Lucy (Mears) Eveleth. The immi- 
grant ancestor of the family was Sylvester 
Eveleth, or Yeverleigh, probably a native of 
Devonshire, England, and he was a Select- 
man of Gloucester in 1648. He was made a 
freeman in 1652, and was a Representative to 
the General Court in 1673. In 1666 he was 
licensed to keep an ordinary, or public house 
of entertainment, and he acquired large tracts 
of land. He died in 1689. Besides a daugh- 
ter he had two sons — Joseph and Isaac. 
Joseph Eveleth located in Ipswich in 1674, 
and died in 1740, at the unusual age of one 
hundred and five years. In 1667 he married 
Mary, daughter of Edward Bragg. Jonathan 
Eveleth, Dr. Eveleth 's grandfather, became 
a sea captain in his young manhood; and his 
vessel was captured by the English while on 
a voyage. 

Edward Eveleth, Dr. Evcleth's father, was 
born in Essex in 1812. Having learned the 
trade of ship-carpenter, he was engaged in 
ship-building for a number of years. His last 
days were spent in retirement, and he died in 
1893. He avoided notoriety in any form, being 
naturally quiet and reserved. His wife, Lucy, 
who was a daughter of John Mears, of Essex, 
became the mother of three children. Of 
these, besides the subject of thi75 sketch, 
Philemon Eveleth, M.D., of Marblehead, 
Mass., is living. Mrs. Edward Eveleth was 
a member of the Congregational church. 

Edward Smith Eveleth acquired his ele- 



mentary education in the public schools. He 
completed the course at Phillips Exeter 
Academy, fitting himself to enter the Sopho- 
more class at Harvard University. Then 
he attended the Harvard Medical School for 
two years. Having graduated from the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 
City, in 1866, he located for practice in 
Gloucester, where he has since resided. He 
is a member of the Massachusetts State Medi- 
cal Society and the American Medical So- 
ciety, and is upon the staff of the Addison 
Gilbert Hospital. An esteemed Mason, he is 
connected with Acacia Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 
In politics he is a Republican, and for ten 
years was a member of the School Board. He 
married Louisa F. Parsons, daughter of Will 
iam Parsons, 2d, of this city. 




ILLIAM HENRY NEWHALL, a 
retired business man of Saugus, was 
born in Groton, Mass., February 
II, 182 1, son of David and Phebe (Kimball) 
Newhall. The grandfather, Jonathan New- 
hall, a prosperous farmer and lifelong resident 
of Saugu.s, lived to an advanced age. David 
Newhall, the father, a native of Saugus, 
learned shoemaking, and was one of the pio- 
neers of that business in Lynn, where he re- 
sided for some years. The greater part of his 
life was spent in his native town, where he 
figured prominently in public affairs for many 
years, serving as a Selectman, Town Treas- 
urer, Tax Collector, Overseer of the Poor, 
and Constable. He died in 1871, aged 
eighty-one years. His wife was born in 
Andover, Mass. 

William Henry Newhall was educated in 
the public schools of Saugus. Having previ- 
ously worked at shoemaking with his father 



196 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



for nine years, he was prosperously engaged 
in that business on his own account in Saugus 
for nearly forty years. From 1S52 to 1895 he 
served as Town Clerk. He has also been 
a Selectman ; and he was the chairman of the 
lioard of Assessors for twenty-seven years, 
Ta.x Collector for five years, and a member of 
the legislature in 1856. In politics he is 
a Republican. 

In November, 1844, Mr. Newhall married 
for his first wife Harriet L. Fiske, of Saugus, 
who died in 1853, leaving two children — 
George Francis and Henry L. Newhall. On 
May 30, 1854, he was married a second time 
in Maiden, Mass., to Lucinda H. Boardman, 
also of this town. By this union there is one 
son, Elmer B. Newhall. Mr. Newhall has 
been an Odd Fellow for fifty-three years, and 
is a member of Bay State Lodge, No. 40. 



-rp)TENRY W. MEARS, the well-known 
r^-| manufacturer of fish-lines in Esse.x, 

-L® V, was born here, April i, 1846, son 

of William Henry and Mary N. (Peabody) 
Mears. He belongs to the third generation of 
the family to follow the business of making 
fish-lines in this locality, that industry having 
been established by his grandfather, John 
Mears. John Mears, who was a highly re- 
spected man, died in September, 1865. He 
successively married Susannah Story and I'.liza- 
beth Cole. 

William Henry Mears, born in Newbury- 
port, Mass., was the first to manufacture cot- 
ton lines here; and he conducted a prosperous 
business until his death, which occurred June 
10, 1887. In politics he was an earnest advo- 
cate of Republican principles, and ably repre- 
sented this district in the legislature of 1870. 
His wife, Mary, a native of Topsfield, Mass., 
was a daughter of Ebenezer Peabody, who was 



a prosperous farmer of that town. Her grand- 
father was Alexander Peabody, an English- 
man, who taught school in New York State 
for some time, and passed the rest of his life 
in Massachusetts. William Henry and Mary 
N. Mears were the parents of si.x children — 
Gilbert, Mercy, Eliza, Mary Ann, Henry W. , 
and Eliza C. Gilbert was engaged in the 
manufacture of fish-lines until October 7, 

1862, when he enlisted in Company p], Forty- 
eighth Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers; 
and he died at Baton Rouge, La., June 21, 

1863. He wedded Mary E. Burnham, of this 
town; and his only son, Charles G. , married 
Carrie Berry, and is now station agent at 
Danvers I^Iains, Mass. Mrs. Gilbert Mears is 
now the wife of Eben Peabody, a shoemaker 
of Topsfield. Mercy and Eliza Mears died in 
infancy. Mary Ann married F". P. Haskell, 
of Essex, and died August 3, 1873. Eliza C. 
married Samuel Trask, of Danvers, and died 
in October, 1884, leaving one daughter, Mary 
Alice. Mrs. William Henry Mears died De- 
cember 12, 1877. 

Henry W. Mears was educated in the com- 
mon schools. Since completing his studies 
he has been engaged in his present occupation. 
After the death of his father he succeeded to 
the business, which he carries on with energy 
and success, finding a ready market in New 
England for all the goods he can produce. 
Politically, he acts with the I^cpublicnn 
party, but has never aspired to public office, 
preferring to give his undivided attention to 
his business. 

On June 4, 1871, Mr. Mears was joined in 
marriage with Eleanor E. Story. She was 
born in Essex, April 6, 1846, daughter of 
Charles and Eleanor (Burnham) Story. Her 
father, who was a shipbuilder of this town, 
died October 20, 1880, and his wife on Octo- 
ber 25, 1891. They were the jiarents of two 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



199 



children — Charles H. and Eleanor E. 
Charles H. married Jennie McLaughlin, and 
died in 1893. Mr. and Mrs. Mears have 
one daughter, Annie S. , born September 24, 
1877, who possesses many rare accomplish- 
ments, and is a member of the Congregational 
church. The family occupies a pleasant resi- 
dence overlooking the ocean. The house is 
one of the principal landmarks in Esse.x, as it 
was built by Dr. Russ over two hundred years 
ago. 



^OHN HOWE COGSWELL, a well- 
known citizen of Ipswich, Mass., son 
of the late Deacon Aaron Cogswell, 
was born June 24, 1837, in the house where 
he now lives. He is a lineal descendant in 
the eighth generation of John Cogswell, one 
of the earliest settlers of Ipswich. John was 
a son of Edward and Alice Cogswell, of West- 
bury Leigh, County of Wilts, England, where 
his father was engaged in the manufacture of 
woollen fabrics. 

On May 23, 1635, John Cogswell embarked 
at Bristol for New England, accompanied by 
his wife, Elizabeth Thompson, and eight chil- 
dren, in the ship "Angel Gabriel," which 
three months later, on August 15, 1635, was 
wrecked in a very severe storm off the coast 
of Maine. John Cogswell, with his family, 
reached the shore at Pemaquid, Me., and a 
few weeks later came to Ipswich. In 1636 he 
received several grants of land, some in the 
village and one of three hundred acres in Che- 
bokoe (Chebacco), on which he built a house 
the same year. This tract of land is now, 
after a lapse of two hundred and sixty years, 
owned by his descendants. He was very 
prominent, and early honored with the appella- 
tion of "Mr." He divided his property 
largely while living, and liaving died Novem- 
ber 29, 1669, aged seventy-seven years, was 



buried in the church grounds on High Street 
in this town. 

His son William, the next ancestor, was 
born in England in 1619, and was sixteen 
years old when he came to America. He 
died on December 15, 1700, in Chebacco, a 
parish of Ipswich which was established, after 
much opposition mainly through his efforts. 
He maintained an interest in its welfare to 
the last, and gave the lot for the first meet- 
ing-house. In 1649 he married Susannah 
Hawkes; and their son John, born May 12, 
1665, and afterward known as Lieutenant John 
Cogswell, was the third in this line. Lieu- 
tenant Cogswell married Hannah Goodhue, 
and died in 1710, leaving among other chil- 
dren a son William, through whom the line 
is continued. William Cogswell, second, was 
born September 24, 1694, and died in 1762. 
He first married Mary Cogswell, and after her 
death he married Mrs. Elizabeth Wade Apple- 
ton. In 1732, having succeeded to the owner- 
ship of the original homestead, he erected a 
new house, the one recently occupied by his 
great-grandsons, Albert and Jonathan. 

Deacon Jonathan Cogswell, son of William 
and Mary Cogswell, was born May 9, 1725, 
and died in 18 12. He married Mary Apple- 
ton, daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth 
(Wade) Appleton. By this union he was the 
father of thirteen children. The farm de- 
scended to his sons Benjamin and Aaron, ihe 
former of whom was born August 15, 1766, 
and died January 17, 1841. The latter son, 
Aaron, the grandfather of John Howe Cogs- 
well, was born December 28, 1771, and died 
July 20, 1847. To him and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Lucy Kinsman, four chil- 
dren were born, namely: Aaron, Jr., the 
father of John H.; Albert; Lucy; and Jona- 
than. 

Lucy, the only daughter, married Aaron 



200 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



L. Burnliam of Essex, and at her death left a 
daughter, Lucy Abbie, who is the wife of 
George. F. Fuller, of Essex. Jonathan, who 
never married, always lived on the old home 
farm in Chebacco, or Essex, he and his 
brother Albert occupying the house built in 
1732, which is the thirrl dwelling erected on 
the estate, and the second to occupy the 
present site. Jonathan born March 5, 1820, 
died April 4, 1896, under peculiarly sad 
circumstances. He was burning off his past- 
ure that day, and the fire apparently got be- 
yond his control, extending to a neighbor's 
field, in which his body was subsequently 
found, somewhat scarred by the fire, but show- 
ing no signs of struggle, proving beyond a 
doubt that life was extinct before the blaze 
reached him. His death, it is supposed, was 
caused by heart failure, induced by intense 
excitement. He was a man of sterling integ- 
rity, and had the respect of all who knew him. 
Albert, born October 5, 1810, died July 5, 
1885; and his widow passed away January 2, 
1S97, leaving two sons — Albert E. and 
Aaron, who now occupy the homestead so long 
in possession of the Cogswells. 

The Cogswell coat of arms bears the follow- 
ing inscription: "These arms appcrtaineth to 
the name of Cogswell, being first granted to 
Lord Humphrey Cogswell in the year 1447, 
from whom it descends to the ancient family 
of Cogswell." 

Deacon Aaron Cogswell, father of John H., 
was born I^'ebruary 21, 1807, in Chebacco 
Parish, now Essex, and was educated at 
Phillips Academy, Andover, and Pinkcrton 
Academy, Derry, N.H. At the age of six- 
teen he began teaching on Hog, now Choatc, 
Island, in ICssex, and in 1832 was made mas- 
ter of the High Street Grammar School in 
Ipswich and continued his professional career 
for twenty-five years, teaching in various parts 



of the town. In 1S57 he retired, and devoted 
himself to farming and public business. For 
twenty years he was an active member of the 
School Committee, and he frequently served 
as Selectman, Assessor, and Overseer. In 
1877 he represented Ipswich in the State 
legislature, serving on the Committee on 
Finance. In early life he united with the 
First Congregational church, in which he was 
chosen Deacon in 1866. He was a man of 
broad and expansive mind, ever ready to re- 
ceive new ideas, keeping abreast with the 
times until the last. He passed to the higher 
life March 10, 1880: and from the notice of 
his death the following tribute is quoted: 
"The memory of 'Master' Cogswell will be 
fragrant in the minds and affections of his 
townsmen for many years to come. His in- 
fluence for the good and lasting welfare of the 
community will survive long after the last of 
his generation shall have passed away." 

On February 21, 1836, " Master " Cogswell 
married Mrs. Hannah Stacy Burnliam, who 
was born October 29, 1799, in Marblehead, a 
daughter of Benjamin and Charity (Pritchard) 
Stacy. When Hannah Stacy was a maiden of 
sixteen she came to Ipswich to make her home 
with John Howe Boardman, the fourth hus- 
band of her grandmother, and her step-grand- 
father. Mr. Boardman enlisted in the Revo- 
lutionary army from Ipswich, his native town, 
and was in the battle of Bunker Hill, after- 
ward serving until the close of the war. 
Miss Stacy married first Isaac Burnham, a sea- 
man, who died in the E^ast Indies. She con- 
tinued her residence with her grandfather, 
who died in 1845, aged ninety-one years, she 
in the meantime having married Mr. Cogs- 
well, who had boarded in the family while 
teaching here. The house became hers by in- 
heritance; and here she remained until her 
death, May 14, 1S90, when it fell into the 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



possession of her son, John H. Cogswell, the 
subject of this sketch. 

John Howe Cogswell was educated partly 
under his father's instruction and partly at 
Dummer Academy in Newbury, Mass. He 
was afterward employed for several years in 
the general ticket and freight offices of the 
old Eastern Railway Company in Boston. In 
1864 he returned to Ipswich to engage in the 
lumber business, which he carried on success- 
fully twelve years. In 1867 he was appointed 
Postmaster, an office which he held nineteen 
consecutive years, serving under Presidents 
Johnson, Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, and 
Cleveland. Since 18S6 he has been a mem- 
ber of the Ipswich School Board, and has done 
much to advance the cause of education. In 
1S74 he was one of the town's Selectmen. 
Mr. Cogswell is much interested in local his- 
tory, and has been secretary of the Ipswich 
Historical Society since its organization. 
He has succeeded his father as Deacon of the 
First Congregational Church, and is likewise 
clerk of the church and of the parish. 

On January 29, 1862, Mr. Cogswell married 
Miss Frances A. Dodge, who was born in Ips- 
wich, a daughter of Manning Dodge, a former 
merchant of this town. Mr. and Mrs. Cogs- 
well have had three children; namely, Lucy 
K., Annie S., and Edward S. Annie S. is 
the wife of Dexter M. Smith, of Boston. Ed- 
ward S. on October 27, 1897, married Miss 
Lizzie Damon, of Ipswich. They reside in 
this town. Lucy K., the eldest daughter, was 
graduated in 1884 from the high school and 
afterward from the Boston Conservatory. She 
was a young lady of fine traits of character, a 
general favorite, and was looking forward to a 
happy future in a home of her own when her 
sudden death, on December 31, 1889, at the 
age of twenty-four years, occurred at the hos- 
pital on Federal Street, Salem. She went 



there for a slight surgical operation. This 
was successfully performed, and she was far 
on the road to a speedy recovery when she 
was taken ill with the prevailing influenza, 
which proved fatal. Mr. Cogswell and his 
family had the sincere sympathy of hosts of 
friends, who with them mourned their loss, 
paying gracious tribute to a loving, gentle 
life departed: — 

'■ The memory of thy loveliness 

Shall round our weary pathway smile, 
Like moonlight when the sun has set, — 

A sweet and tender radiance yet. 
Thoughts of thy clear-eyed sense of duty, 

Thy generous scorn of all things wrong. 
The truth, the strength, the graceful beauty 

Which blended in thy song, — 
All lovely things by thee beloved 

Shall whisper to our hearts of thee." 




ILLIAM H. GOVE, a prominent 
lawyer of Salem, was born in South 
Berwick, York County, Me., on 
September 4, 1851, son of Levi and Mary 
(Meader) Gove. One of the oldest families 
of New Hampshire, the Goves have been asso- 
ciated with the history of Seabrook almost 
since that town was settled, John Gove came 
to Charlestown from London, England, in 
1646. He died in the following year, leaving 
two sons — John and Edward. Edward re- 
moved to Salisbury and later to Hamjnon, 
N.H., settling on the site of the present 
Seabrook. He bought a farm there in 1665, 
that is now owned by William H. Gove, the 
house on which was built by his son, John, in 
1 71 3. Edward was in the insurrection 
against Governor Cranfield, and was impris- 
oned in the Tower of London for three 
years. He had previously served in the legis- 
lature. His dcatli occurred in 1691. Ed- 
ward's son was John. Then came John (sec- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ond), Daniel, Daniel (second), Moses, and 
Levi. John (second) was a Quaker, as have 
been most of his descendants. Daniel (sec- 
ond) was one of the pioneer settlers of Wearc, 
N.H. Levi Gove, born in Wcare, was a 
farmer of South Berwick at the time his son 
William H. was born; but the greater part 
of his life was spent at Lincoln, Vt. He 
died at the age of eighty-three. His wife, 
Mary, who was a native of Sandwich, N.H., 
is still living at the age of eighty-one. 

William IL Gove was the youngest but one 
of ten children. He attended the common 
schools, and subsequently studied for two 
terms at Oak Grove Seminary, Vassalboro, 
Me. In 1866 he removed with his parents to 
Lynn, and entered the Lynn High School, 
from which he was graduated three years later. 
He then passed the examination for admission 
to Harvard University, but for lack of funds 
was unable to enter. Then he began to read 
law in the office of John W. Porter, of Salem, 
and in 1872 was admitted to the bar in Essex 
County. In September of that year he en- 
tered Harvard College, and in the summer of 
1876 was graduated, ranking second in a class 
of one hundred and thirty-five members. He 
received his degree from the Harvard Law 
School in the following year. Mr. Gove 
began the practice of his profession in Salem, 
although he retained his residence in Lynn up 
to the time of his marriage. A loyal Republi- 
can, he has been keenly interested alike in 
local. State, and national affairs, and is. thor- 
oughly informed on all questions of public im- 
portance. From 1879 to 1881, inclusive, he 
was an active member of the Lynn School 
Committee, for which he prepared a very thor- 
ough and careful revision of its rules and reg- 
ulations. Since 1890 he has been on the Re- 
publican City Committee of Salem, was its 
secretary from 1892 to 1897, inclusive, and 



has been its chairman since 1S98. In 1894, 
1895, and 1896 he was Alderman, being the 
president of the board during the last two 
years. 

On January 5, 18S2, Mr. Gove was united 
in marriage with Arolinc Chase, a daughter 
of Isaac and Lydia E. Pinkham, of Lynn, and 
a descendant of one of the oldest Lynn fami- 
lies. Mr. and Mrs. Gove have four children. 
Mr. Gove is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa 
Society; of the Independent Order of Odd 
F"ellows in Bay State Lodge, No. 40, of 
Lynn, and Naumkeag luicampment, of Salem ; 
of Essex Lodge, F. & A. M., Salem; of the 
Essex Institute, which he has served in its 
council for five or six years; and of the 
Essex Bar Association. He is a trustee of 
the Salem Athenannn and the chairman of the 
Prudential Committee of both the Barton 
Square Congregational Church and the Second 
Church in Salem, which have been consoli- 
dated. 

OHN MORTON DANFORTH, a 
highly respected resident of Lynnfield 
Centre and an Essex County Commis- 
sioner, was born January 1, 1840, in the 
house he now occupies, son of John and Sarah 
H. (Perkin.s) Danforth. His great-grand- 
father, John Danforth (first), who was a Cap- 
tain in the Revolutionary army, and who 
served in the troops sent from Sudbury at 
the time of the battle of Bunker Hill, retired 
to Lynnfield at the close of the war, and set- 
tled on a farm that was a part of the original 
Bancroft tract of land. John Danforth (sec- 
ond), who married Betsey Fowlc, of Woburn, 
and settled on the farm now owned liy John 
Morton Danforth, spent his last years here, 
and died at the age of eighty-four years. He 
had three sons — John, Nathaniel, and Henry. 
Nathaniel, wlio was a physician residing in 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



203 



Chatham, Mass., died some thirty-five years 
ago; and Henry, now seventy-three years old, 
is a resident of Lynnfield. 

John Danforth (third), the father of John 
M. Danforth, bought out the interests of his 
brothers in the homestead, and devoted him- 
self to general farming. He was born No- 
vember 14, 1814, on the old Bancroft farm, 
once owned by Captain John Danforth, and 
which is not far distant. At the age of three 
years he came with his parents to the farm he 
subsequently owned. At twenty-six he mar- 
ried Sarah H. Perkins, a daughter of Deacon 
John Perkins, who represented one of the old 
and prominent families of the town. Born 
on August 3, 1822, she is now in her seventy- 
eighth year. John Danforth (third), besides 
making extensive improvements, added to the 
land of his estate so that it contained about 
one hundred and twenty-five acres of farming 
land and one hundred acres of woodland 
lying about a mile and a half distant. The 
old house, a part of which had been built in 
1744, received an addition from him; and he 
expended about five thousand dollars in im- 
proving the various farm buildings. He was 
Town Clerk from 1857 to 1876 and a member 
of the Board of Selectmen from 1852 to 1S76, 
being the chairman of the board for most of 
the time. In politics he was successively a 
Whig, Free Soiler, and abolitionist. He 
served in the legislature of 1853-54 as a Free 
Soiler and in that of i860 as a Republican. 
At the time of the opening of the railroad 
through Lynnfield Centre he was the station 
agent. A prominent and active member of 
the Essex Agricultural Society, he was one of 
its trustees for some years. In religious be- 
lief he was a Universalist. He died Novem- 
ber I, 1880. His children were: John M., 
George F., Sarah E., Mary T., Charles H., 
and Hannah B. Danforth. George F., who 



resides at Maiden, Mass., is engaged in the 
leather business at 83 High Street, Boston. 
Sarah E. is now Mrs. Albert R. Bryant, of 
Wakefield, Mass. Mary T. is Mrs. Sam- 
uel A. Clough, of Wakefield. Charles H., 
who resides at Salem, Mass., and is at pres- 
ent a member of the Board of Aldermen of 
that city, is in business in Bgston, dealing in 
hides. Hannah B. is Mrs. William E. Nor- 
wood, of Hyde l^ark. 

When sixteen years of age John Morton . 
Danforth was sent to the academy at Tops- 
field, where he remained for a year. Return- 
ing home at the end of that time, he assisted 
on the farm until he was twenty-five years of 
age, when he took charge of the property. 
Succeeding to its possession after his father's 
death, he has since been engaged in general 
farming and dairying and in raising some 
high-grade stock. In 1883 he was elected 
Town Treasurer and Collector of Taxes. Two 
years later he was elected to the Board of Se- 
lectmen, on which he has since served for 
twelve years, being the chairman of the board 
for eleven years. During the session of 
1891-92 he served in the State legislature, 
and was a member of the Committee on Water 
Supply for both years. He has made a careful 
study of the water supply systems throughout 
the Commonwealth, and has gathered a large 
amount of valuable information regarding the 
subject. In one year, while he was a member 
of this committee, it held sixty hearings, be- 
sides attending to other matters. On it Mr. 
Danforth gave most efficient service. 

In the fall of 1892 Mr. Danforth was elected 
County Commissioner, and has since held 
that important office. His associates during 
the present year are E. B. Bishop, of Haver- 
hill (chairman), and Samuel D. Smith, of 
Marblehead. A stanch Republican in poli- 
tics, he has attended conventions of his party 



204 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



since he was a young man, both local and 
State, and has always been an active worker. 
On June 6, 1866, he married Einily A. Bur- 
dett, of Wakefield, daughter of William Bur- 
dett. He is a member of the Golden Rule 
Lodge of Masons, of Wakefield, and has been 
a trustee of the local library. In i8go he 
was elected secretary of the Essex County 
Agricultural Society, which office he has held 
since. This society has large exhibition 
grounds at Peabody, where the annual ex- 
hibit is held, and is now making extensive 
improvements. 



< o »> 




kRS. MARY ANN WEFERS, 
widow of the late Bernard Wefers 
"^'^ ^ and a well-known milliner of 
Lawrence, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, 
daughter of Peter Cunningham, of that city. 
Mr. Wefers, who died in Lawrence on March 
12, 1883, was born in Prussia at Emstetten, 
in the Province of Miinster. His father, 
Bernard Wefers, had a family of four sons and 
two daughters, of whom the sons all came to 
America. Bernard Wefers, Jr., came first in 
1855, being then in his twenty-fifth year. 
Having graduated shortly before at one of the 
great German universities, he was familiar 
with the classics, and spoke several modern 
languages. Besides possessing literary abili- 
ties of a high order, he was a skilful per- 
former on several musical instruments, and 
had a fine tenor voice. After coming to Law- 
rence he was for twenty-three years the 
leader of the choir in St. Mary's Catholic 
Church. He was in business in Lawrence 
for many years. In his store at the corner of 
Hampshire Street, on the common, he car- 
ried a stock of books, paintings, picture 
frames, etc. The millinery store at the cor- 
ner of Essex Street was managed by Mrs. 



Wefer, whom he married in Lawrence on July 
20, 1857. 

Mrs. Wefers came from Scotland with her 
aunt when twelve years of age. Having re- 
ceived a good practical education, at the age 
of sixteen she learned the milliner's trade, 
in which she has ever since been engaged. 
She has been the mother of nine children, six 
of whom died in infancy. A daughter and 
two sons are living. The daughter, Minnie, 
who is a skilful and artistic milliner, does 
most of the designing for her mother's trade, 
and has a large share in the management of 
the store. The two sons, Bernard J. and 
James A. Wefers, are medical students in the 
class of 1900 at Georgetown University, 
Washington, D.C. Bernard prepared for his 
medical course in Holy Cross College, 
Worcester, and James in Boston College. 
Both sons are stalwart and finely formed men, 
six feet in height, of dignified presence, and 
of mental and moral worth. 

Bernard J. Wefers, whose name is known 
wherever athletic sports are carried on, is one 
of the world's champion sprinters. When a 
lad he was the swiftest runner among all 
the boys of his acquaintance. In the fall of 
1894, when he began to run with other col- 
lege men, he at once showed his remarkable 
powers. He first put himself under regular 
training in 1895 for the international races to 
be held in New York City. The English 
athletes who took part in the contest were 
beaten, the Americans winning eleven events 
and breaking six world's records. Of these, 
Mr. Wefers broke two — the huntlred yards 
dash, which he ran in nine and four-fifths 
seconds; and the two hundred and twenty 
yards dash, which he covered in twenty-one 
and one-fifth seconds. The following sched- 
ule shows his record for distance and time as 
it stands to-day : twenty yards, two and three- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



205 



fifths seconds; thirty yards, three and three- 
fifths seconds; forty yards, four and three- 
fifths seconds; fifty yards, five and two-fifths 
seconds; seventy-five yards, seven and three- 
fifths seconds; one hundred yards, nine and 
four-fifths seconds; one hundred and nine 
yards, eleven seconds; one hundred and 
twenty yards, eleven and two-fifths seconds; 
one hundred and fifty yards, fourteen and two- 
fifths seconds; two hundred and twenty yards, 
twenty-one and one-fifth seconds ; three hun- 
dred yards, thirty and two-fifths seconds. 
These records were all made in straight races, 
excepting the last, which had a turn. His 
quarter-mile record is forty-eight and four- 
fifths seconds. Mr. Wefers was the American 
champion in 1895, 1896, and 1897 for the one 
hundred and the two hundred and twenty yard 
dashes; of Canada in 1896 and 1897 for the 
same distances; Southern champion in 1898 
for the quarter-mile; intercollegiate champion 
in 1896 for one hundred and for two hundred 
and twenty yards and in 1897 for one hundred 
yards. In the Metropolitan championship 
contest of 1897 the New York relay team, 
comprising 15urke, Long, Lyons, and Wefers, 
won the contest from the Knickerbockers of 
New York, breaking the world's record time 
— one mile in three minutes twenty-one and 
two-fifths seconds, Mr. Wefers making the 
last quarter-mile in forty-eight and four-fifths 
seconds. The remarkable powers of Mr. 
Wefers as a runner present a strong illustra- 
tion of heredity. His father was a remarka- 
bly fleet-footed man, as were others of his 
ancestors. During the summer of 1897 young 
Mr. Wefers broke a number of world records, 
and was beaten only once, by John V. Crumm, 
the celebrated "Western Wonder," whom, 
however, he afterward defeated. In one of 
his most famous races he had the satisfaction 
of snatching a victory from defeat in a mile 



relay, by running the last quarter of a mile at 
a wonderful speed, and that, too, after having 
previously run two other races on the same 
day. The gold medals and other trophies 
won by him form a rich and interesting dis- 
play. He has many warm friends who hope 
and expect that he will be equally successful 
in the race of life. 




LBERT C. ANDREWS, an honored 
veteran of the Civil War, now suc- 
cessfully engaged in the livery 
business and as agent in Gloucester and vi- 
cinity for Frank Jones's celebrated ales and 
for the Pacific Wine Company (Charles Stein 
& Sons), was born in Holliston, Mass., March 
14, 1844. A son of Albert W. and Cynthia 
(Mann) Andrews, he traces his descent on the 
maternal side to a passenger of the "May- 
flower." His maternal grandfather was a 
First Lieutenant in the War of 1812. 

His mother having died when he was thir- 
teen, Albert C. Andrews was apprenticed to 
a farmer, with whom he remained until he 
was sixteen years old, receiving as compensa- 
tion his board and clothes. During this time 
he took care of a milk route. Upon reaching 
the age of sixteen he worked out for the season, 
and at the expiration of his time received 
eighty dollars in gold. His schooling was 
limited to attendance at the public schools of 
Holliston, supplemented by a course at the 
United States Business College in New 
Haven, Conn. In July, 1862, he enlisted in 
Company H, Thirty-second Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry; and on January 4, 1864, 
he re-enlisted. During his service he partici- 
pated in thirty-three general engagements and 
skirmishes, and he did not suffer from disease 
for a single day, though he was wounded sev- 
eral times. At Petersburg a singular event 



2o6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



befell him. While lying on his back munch- 
ing hardtack, with one leg thrown over that 
of a comrade, a shell exploded in such a man- 
ner as to carry away the calf of his comrade's 
right leg, leaving Mr. Andrews uninjured. 
The latter had barely returned from carrying 
his wounded comrade to the rear, when he 
was himself hit in the shoulder by a bullet. 
Then, turning half-around, he was hit in the 
right breast; and, starting for the rear, he was 
struck in the back. It was si.x months before 
these wounds permitted him to rejoin his regi- 
ment, which he did January i, 1865. In the 
February following, at the battle of Hatcher's 
Run, he was wounded in the right knee, and 
amputation was found necessary. So poorly 
was this work done that a further amputation 
was subsequently necessary, and a third opera- 
tion, due to an accident, before the wound 
left by the second had healed. Having gone 
to the front as a private, he was soon made 
Corporal and later a Sergeant; and he was 
acting as First Sergeant, with a prospect of 
receiving a commission, when the loss of his 
limb made further service in the army impos- 
sible. While recovering from the surgeon's 
work, he was transferred from the hospital at 
Point Lookout, Md., to Worcester, Mass., 
where he served as Quartermaster until he 
was honorably discharged, October 20, 1865. 
At that time through the influence of General 
Butler he was tendered a position in the Bos- 
ton custom-house, which he did not accept, 
engaging instead, through the advice of 
friends, in the grocery business in Holliston. 
Three years later he removed to Gloucester, 
and on January i, 1869, opened the store 
which he has since conducted, with the excep- 
tion of a short time spent in a hotel in Brad- 
ford, Pa. 

On January i, 1866, Mr. Andrews was mar- 
ried to M. Lizzie Holmes, a daughter of Ste- 



phen Holmes, of Holliston. She is an ac- 
complished woman and an elocutionist of 
high rank. They have two daughters — Mabel 
A. and Mildred. Mabel A., a graduate of 
the State Normal School at Framingham and 
the third in her class, obtained a position at 
once as assistant in the high school at Glouces- 
ter, which she still retains. Mildred is the 
wife of Dr. Fitz A. Oakes, of South Fra- 
mingham. In 1884 Mr. Andrews was ap- 
pointed Pension Attorney by President Cleve- 
land. He is now a Notary Public, a Justice 
of the Peace, and a qualifying officer. In 
Colonel Allen Post, No. 45, G. A. R., of 
which he is a prominent member, he has 
held all the offices but that of Commander, in 
which he declined to serve, though elected 
thereto. The present Commander has ap- 
pointed him Aide-de-camp for this section of 
the State; and he is the chairman of the Coun- 
cil of Administration, Department of Massa- 
chusetts. Mr. Andrews is also a member of 
Ocean Lodge, No. 91, I. O. O. F., which he 
has served as chaplain and secretary. 




ILLIAM MARSHALL, a son of 
William and Lucy (Butler) Mar- 
shall, and who owns one of the best 
farms in the town of Esse.v, was born in 
Salem, Mass., I'ebruary 7, 1S26. His 
grandfather, Moses Marshall, was born in 
Essex. Moses was a prosperous farmer 
through life and a highly respected citizen 
of his day. He married Hannah Choate; and 
his children, all now deceased, were: Moses, 
Joseph, Caleb, William, Tirzah, Sophronia, 
Polly, and Susannah. 

William Marshall, Sr., father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, also born in Essex, was 
reared to agricultural pursuits. He culti- 
vated farms in Essex, Ipswich, and Salem, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



207 



and ilied in his native town. His wife, Lucy, 
liivcwise a native of Essex, was a dau<;hter of 
Captain John Butler, a ship-master, and Abi- 
gail (Lovekin) Butler, both of this town. 
William and Lucy B. Marshall were the par- 
ents of seven children, three of whom are liv- 
ing, namely: William, the subject of this 
sketch; Nehemiah, a cabinet-maker, who mar- 
ried 1'" ranees May, of Manchester, N.H.; and 
Joseph, wiio married Abbie Kingman, of Ips- 
wich, and is a thriving farmer of that town. 
The others were: Harriet, who married John 
Low, of Essex; Lucy, who was the wife of 
Edward Eveleth, of this town; and Mary and 
John, both of whom died in infancy. 

William Marshall attended the common 
schools, and assisted his father upon the 
farm until he was twenty-two years old. 
Since 1S4S he has resided upon his present 
farm, which was formerly known as the Burn- 
ham place, and was the property of his first 
wife's parents. He owns about ninety acres 
of land, twenty-five of which are meadow. 
Besides raising fruit, hay, and other products 
he keeps an average of thirty-two cows. As 
a dairy farmer he is widely and favorably 
known throughout tliis locality, and he is 
still actively engaged in attending to his 
every-day duties. 

On December 26, 1849, '^l''. MarsiialJ mar- 
ried for his first wife Mary Ann Burnham, 
who was born in Essex, April 23, 1S25, 
daughter of Francis and Mary (Proctor) Burn- 
ham. By that union there was one daughter, 
Mary Lucy, who died at the age of four 
months. The mother died February 4, 1872. 
Mr. Marshall's present wife, whom he wedded 
December 5 of the same year, was before 
marriage Mary J. Goodhue. She was born in 
Essex, October 13, 1833, daughter of Abel 
and Mary Jane (Rutherford) Goodhue, natives 
respectively of Essex and Newburyport, Mass. 



Mrs. Marshall's father, who was a blacksmith 
by trade, died July 10, 1867, aged fifty-seven 
years; and his wife, March 10, 1S79, aged 
seventy-seven. They were the parents ot two 
children — Mary J. and Helen Maria. The 
lattei', who was born March 7, 1837, married 
Warren Eveleth, of Essex, and lives in the 
village, having one datighter, Helen R. In 
politics Mr. Marshall is a Republican. Al- 
though he has never taken any active part in 
public affairs, he is deeply interested in the 
welfare of the town. Both he and Mrs. Mar- 
shall are members of the Congregational 
church. 



/®Yo 



I'LORGE H. STEVENS, the present 
\^f5T City Clerk of Newburyport, was 
born at Needham, Mass., Norfolk 
County, April 15, 1829, son of George G. 
Stevens. The father, a native of Needham, 
followed the occupation of farmer in that 
place, and died at the age of seventy years. 
In the Unitarian church, of which he was a 
member, he held the office of Deacon. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Russell, and 
who came from Vermont, had seven children, 
four of whom are now living, George H. being 
the eldest child. 

George H. attended the State Normal 
School at Bridgewater, having previously com- 
pleted the course of the graded schools in 
Needham. After graduation he taught school 
successfully for some time. Eventually he 
gave up his profession to go into the milli- 
nery, straw bleaching and dyeing business with 
his brother, A. S. Stevens, who is now de- 
ceased. Ten years later he was elected City 
Clerk of Newburyport, which ofifice he now 
holds. He married Abigail Bartlett Sumner, 
a daughter of Michael Sumner, of Newbury- 
port, and has one child, a daughter, now the 



2o8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



wife of the Rev. Arthur S. liurrill, settled in 
Conway, N. H. 

Mr. Stevens was a soldier in the Civil War. 
In 1S64 he enlisted for three months at 
Salem in the Third Unattached Company as 
a Color Sergeant ; was in the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, Company B, Eighth Regi- 
ment, and advanced to the position of First 
Lieutenant. He is a member of A. W. Bart- 
lett Post, No. 49, G. A. R., of Newburyport, 
Mass. He is also a Mason of St. Mark's 
Lodge and R. A. Chapter, King Cyrus; also 
of Newburyport Commandery, No. 3, of which 
he has been Recorder for the past twenty-five 
years; and he is a member of the L O. O. F. 
An untiring and zealous member of the North 
Congregational Church, he has led the choir 
for many years, and in other ways has been 
active and useful in the parish. 



TT^UFUS KIMBALL, associate editor of 
I Sr^ the Lynn Item and the [jresident and 
-Lyy^^ treasurer of the Lynn Mutual Fire 
Insurance C(jmpany, was born March 13,1829, 
in Ipswich, Esse.x County, Mass. A son of 
Josiah Kimball, he is a direct descendant of 
Richard Kimball, who came to the country in 
1634 from Ijiswich, England, in the ship 
"Elizabeth," Richard landed in Boston, and 
a few months later made a permanent location 
in Ipswich, Mass., where many of his name and 
blood are still living. 

Josiah Kimball was born, lived, and died 
in Ipswich. For several years he was Captain 
of a company of militia, for which reason he 
was familiarly known as Captain Kimball. 
He was a carpenter by trade. Active in local 
affairs, he served as Selectman, and was 
prominent in the Congregational church. He 
married Hannah Ivoss, likewise of I[)swich. 
She was a daughter of Thomas Ross, who 



participated in the battle of While Plains and 
other engagements of the Revolutionary War, 
and died in Ipswich in 1S42. 

Rufus Kimball attended the public schools 
of his native town until fifteen years old, ob- 
taining a practical education. In 1844 he 
came to Lynn to serve an apprenticeship in 
the office of the Lynn Nci\:s, then published 
by his brother, the late J. F. Kimball. After 
serving his time he was admitted to jxirtner- 
ship with his brother, a connection that lasted 
until 1861. In that year, in company with 
Thomas P. Nichols and A. G. Courtis, he es- 
tablished the Lynn Transcript, which they 
conducted until it changed hands, several 
years later. Mr. Kimball then engaged in 
the job printing business, and was the city 
printer for two years. In 1S86 he sold out 
his establishment, and has since been con- 
nected with the Lynn Item, a bright and 
newsy journal and one of the best conducted 
newspapers in the city. 

For more than twoscore years Mr. Kimball 
has been [jrominently identified with the 
municipal life of the city, tloing nnicli by 
counsel and service. In 1855, 1888, and 

1892 he was a member of the Common 
Council, being its president in 1888. From 

1893 to 1895, inclusive, he was one of the 
Aldermen of the city, serving as president of 
the board during the last two years. He was 
elected General Assessor in 1863, a position 
which lie held for tw/enty-four consecutive 
years, having been electetl to eight successive 
terms. He was a Representative to the State 
legislature in 1866, 1867, 1889, and 1890. 
During those years he served on the Commit- 
tees on Printing, Constitutional Amendments, 
Mercantile Affairs, and Education ; and he 
was chairman of the Constitutional Amend- 
ment Committee when, in 1889, the prohibi- 
tory amendment was submitted to the peoi)le. 




KLFUS KIMBALL. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



In 1866 he was appointed by Speaker Stone 
on the Recess Committee, apiKjinted to revise 
the salaries of the State officers; and in 1867 
he was on the Recess Committee, to report all 
previous legislations on Charles River and 
Warren Bridges. 

Mr. Kimball is now a trustee of the Lynn 
Five Cent Savings Bank and a member of its 
Investment Committee, a commissioner of 
Pine Grove Cemetery, and the president and 
treasurer of the Lynn Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company. A straightforward Republican, he 
is a member of the Massachusetts Republican 
Club; and for two years, during two Presiden- 
tial campaigns, he was the secretary of the 
Lynn Republican Cit)' Committee. Frater- 
nally, he is a charter member and Past Grand 
of Providence Lodge, No. 171, I. O. O. F., 
of which for the past twelve years he has been 
secretary; the vice-president of the Old Essex- 
Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion; and he is an original member of the Park 
Club of this city. On November 30, 1S54, 
he married Miss Mary A. Woolley, of Lynn. 
■Qf the eight children born to him and Mrs. 
Kimball, four are now living, namely: Helen 
P., the wife of Charles H. Ingalls, shoe man- 
ufacturer; James VV., the clerk of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives; Lizzie B., 
the wife of Charles O. Blood, of the firm 
Blood & Co., grocers; and Alfred, a lumber 
dealer in Boston. 



OHN AUGUSTUS BURNHAM, an 
enterprising and progressive agricult- 
urist of Ipswich, was born October 23, 
1840, in West Gloucester, Mass., on a home- 
stead that formed a portion of the original 
Burnham grant. A son of Augustus Burn- 
ham, he is a direct descendant of Deacon John 
Burnham, who emigrated from England in 



1635, and settled in Chebacco, then a part 
of Ipswich. In 1637 this ancestor took part 
in the Pequod expedition, and two years later 
received a grant of land for his services 
therein. He was active and prominent in his 
town, being Deacon of the first church organ- 
ized in Chebacco; and he owned a large tract 
of land on the east side of what is now Has- 
kell's Creek, in Esse.x, where he settled, and 
resided for the rest of his life. A portion of 
the original farm is still in possession of the 
family, being now owned by Samuel M. Burn- 
ham, of West Gloucester. The succeeding 
ancestors of John A. Burnham were John,- 
John,^ Samuel, ■• Ebenezer,' and John.'' The 
last named, born in 1784, who was the grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, died in 
Andover, Mass. 

Mr. Burnham's father, Augustus Burnham, 
was lost at sea when quite a young man, the 
vessel on which he was employed being 
wrecked on an incoming trip from the West 
Indies. His mother, who now resides in 
Esse.x, subsequently became the wife of the 
late John Noble. By her first marriage, be- 
sides John A., she had another son, Charles 
L. Burnham, of Beverly, Mass., the well- 
known excursion agent. 

John A. Burnham was but nine years old 
when he was left fatherless. Shortly after, 
he came to this locality to reside with the 
late John Lowe, of Essex, who soon settled 
on the Beach Road, on the farm now owned 
and occupied by Mr. Burnham. John Lowe, 
a son of John Lowe, was a brother of Martha 
Lowe, of North Essex, whose biography, to 
be found elsewhere in this volume, contains 
a more extended history of the Lowe family. 
Mr. Lowe bought this valuable estate from 
George Smith, whose only daughter is the 
wife of Judge Safford, of Salem. It is the 
old Smith homestead, having been the origi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



mil homestead of Adam Smith, who had three 
sons — Asa, Joshua, and Bemsley, of whom the 
eldest was the next proprietor. Mr. Burnham 
has now in his jjossession an old powder-horn 
found in the attic of the house, inscribed 
"Adam Smith, 1763." John Lowe married 
Harriet N. Marshall, who died January 26, 
1892, aged seventy-si.x years. His death oc- 
curred on September 2, 1887, at the age of 
seventy -eight. They had no children of their 
own, but reared two — ^John A. Burnham and 
Mary R. Hoyt. The latter lived with the 
Lowes from the time she was nine years old 
until her marriage, ten years later, to George 
Webb, of Swampscott. Mr. Burnham was 
made executor of Mr. Lowe's estate. After 
all legacies were paid, he received the residue, 
thus coming into possession of the farm. 

Mr. Burnham first married Amanda Smith, 
who was reared on the adjoining farm. A 
ilaughter of Joshua Smith, she was a sister of 
Cliarles, Frank, Alfred, and Martha Smith. 
She passed to the higher life January 16, 
1892, leaving no children. On April 16, 
1892, Mr. Burnham married Miss Addie N. 
Dole, who was born and bred in Boston. 
They have no children. A man of high prin- 
ciple and upright in all of his dealings, Mr. 
Ikirnham is highly respected in the commu- 
nity. 

■ <^»^» 

[^TEl'HEN SMITH MARSH, an Al- 
derman of Lynn and a well-known 
gr(jcer, was born in this city, Sep- 
tember 18, 1843. A son of J. K. V. and 
Sarah C. (Smith) Marsh, he is directly de- 
scended from George Marsh, who came from 
England, and landed in Boston in 1635. One 
of his uncles, Shubal Marsh, was with Sam 
Houston in Texas. The father, born in New 
Gloucester, Me., August 22, 1816, was the 
first newspaper carrier in Lynn, which busi- 




ness, commencing in 1837, he followed for 
twenty years. For another twenty years he 
was in the grocery business. A devoted mem- 
ber of the First Congregational Church of 
Lynn, he served it for twenty-one years in the 
capacities of Deacon and Treasurer. He is 
now eighty-two years old. His wife, who was 
a native of Lynn, born September 14, 1817, 
died in 1893, at the age of seventy-six. 

Stephen S. Marsh left the public schools of 
Lynn at the age of seventeen years. He then 
learned the shoemaking trade, and afterward 
worked at it for about two years. At the end 
of that time he joined his father in the gro- 
cery business, and three years later, in 1865, 
started in lnisi\iess for himself at the corner of 
Summer and Pleasant Streets. Having spent 
twenty-four years in that location, he moved 
to his present stand, 73, 75, and yy Summer 
Street, in 1889. Here he has since carried 
on a very successful trade, and has made many 
warm friends. 

On June 13, 1 866, Mr. Marsh was married 
to Sarah K. King, of Saco, Me., a descendant 
of the noted King family that produced Gov- 
ernor King, of Maine, Rufus King, who was 
United States Minister to England, and other 
well-known men. Seven children have been 
born of this union, five of whom are living. 
The latter are: Stephen E. , William A., 
Alice M., Charles L., and Frank M. Alice 
is now the wife of T. C. Crowther, of Lynn. 
Mr. Marsh is a charter member and for five 
years was the treasurer of Sagamore Tribe of 
Red Men, No. 12. He is also a member of 
Providence Lodge, No. 171, I. O. O. F. , and 
of Palestine Encampment, No. 37. I'"rom 
1887 to 1889 and from 1895 to 1896 he was a 
member of the Lynn Common Council. Upon 
the organization of the ]5oard of Aldermen for 
this year he was assigned to the Committees 
on Water Supply, .Street Lighting, and l'2n- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



313 



nilled Bills, and to thnt of State Aid, of 
which he is the chairman. 



<^» ^ > 



YgTENRY JAMES MILLS, the Post- 
r^^ master at East Saugus, was born in 

i>^ V , Bow, N.H., August 29, 1854, son 

of Thomas C. and Martha T. (Carter) Mills. 
The father, who is a native of Concord, N.H., 
has followed agriculture in l?ovv since he was 
a young man, and is still residing there. 
The mother was born in Bow, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Robertson) Carter, 
of the same town. Colonel John Carter, 
great-grandfather of Henry James, served as 
an officer in the Revolution and in the War of 
1S12. 

Henry' James Mills has resided in East 
Saugus since 1865, and was educated in the 
public schools of this town. At the age of 
eighteen he took a position as clerk in a 
general store conducted by Mrs. Martha B. 
Hawkes, with whom he remained until her 
death in 1885. Then he purchased the busi- 
ness, and has since carried it on energetically 
and with success. Although a Republican 
in politics, he was appointed Postmaster by 
President Cleveland in 1885, and has since 
held office under the different administra- 
tions. He has been a member of the School 
l^oard for the past eight years, and is now its 
secretary. An attendant of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, he is one of its trustees. 

Mr. Mills was made a Mason in William 
Sutton Lodge, of Saugus, in 1875. Since 
then he has advanced to the Thirty-second de- 
gree. He was Worshipful Master of the Blue 
Lodge in 1882 and 1883; was Most Excellent 
High Priest of Sutton Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons, of Lynn, in 1889 and 1890; and is 
connected with Melrose Council, Royal and 
Select Masters, of Maiden; Olivet Comman- 



dery. Knights Templar, of Lynn; Boston 
Lodge of Perfection; Mount Olivet Chapter of 
the Rose Croi.v, Giles F. Yates Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem; and the Massachusetts 
Consistory. In 1887 he was appointed, by 
Grand Master Henry Endicott, Deputy Grand 
Master for the Seventh Masonic District, a 
position which he occupied for three years; 
and he served as Junior Grand Warden of the 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in 1895. He 
is also a trustee of the real estate and charity 
fund of William Sutton Lodge, and is secre- 
tary and treasurer of the District Deputy 
Grand Masters' Association of Massachusetts. 



;;^OHN F. GARDINER, e.x-City Marshal 
of the city of Newburyport, was born 
in Franccstown, Hillsboro County, 
N.H., April 15, 1829. The father, with two 
brothers, came from Charlestown, Mass., 
where they had been employed in the navy- 
yard ropewalk. The father bought a farm in 
Francestown, and lived there during the re- 
mainder of his life, dying at the age of fifty 
years. His wife died in 1873. She was 
Miriam, daughter of Stephen Davis, of West 
Amesbury, and a neighbor of Horace Greeley. 
Of their five children, John F. and Stei)hen 
D. are living. In 1861 Stephen D. enlisted 
as Sergeant for three months in Company A, 
Eighth Regiment, which went from Newbury- 
port at the first call. Upon his return he re- 
cnlisted and was promoted to the rank of 
Captain of the same company, going through 
Baltimore with Butler just after the Sixth. 
Subsequently he was a patrolman for twenty- 
four years, during which period he refused 
promotion. He died June 25, 1894. 

John F. Gardiner was educated in Newbury- 
port. F"or twelve years after leaving school 
he drove a hack for Moses Coleman. When 



2i4 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Mr. Coleman left New bury port to become the 
superintendent of the Metropolitan Railroad 
in Boston, young Gardiner went with him as 
driver, in which position he remained for nine 
years. On April 27, 186S, he became a pa- 
trolman, was rapidly promoted, holding the 
position of Sergeant for three years and that 
of Lieutenant for twenty-seven years. In the 
fall of 1894 he returned to Newburyport, and 
was almost immediately elected City Marshal, 
in which capacity he served for two years. 
Mr. Gardiner married, and has a son in the 
West, another residing in Haverhill, and a 
daughter at home. 



/^TTrDNER S. morse, an enter- 
\ 5T prising general merchant of West 
Bo.xford and a Civil War veteran, 
was born in this town, October 14, 1837, son 
of Samuel and JVIary (Parker) Morse. The 
grandfather, also named Samuel Morse, who 
was a native of Maine, followed the business 
of truckman in early life. Later he became 
a shoemaker, and passed his last years in Bo.x- 
ford. The father was born in Industry, Me. 
During the active period of his life he was a 
shoemaker in this town and vicinity. Possess- 
ing considerable natural ability outside of his 
legitimate calling, he was elected to some of 
the important town offices, and rendered valu- 
able service to the community. He died at 
the age of seventy-two years. Mary Morse, 
his wife, who was a daughter of Jacob C. 
Parker, became the mother of eight children ; 
namely, Charlotte N., Pxiwin C. , Sylvester P., 
Henry M., Mary K., Gardner S., Herbert C, 
and Susan A. The living are: Charlotte N., 
who resides in Georgetown, Mass. ; Sylvester 
P., of Bradford, Mass. ; Henry M., now in 
Colorado; and Gardner S., the subject of this 
sketch. It is much to the credit of this 



family that the five sons served in the Civil 
War. Of these, two were wounded, and one 
died in Libby Prison. 

Gardner S. Morse began his education in 
the district schools. After completing his 
studies at Atkinson Academy, he went to 
Haverhill, where he lived until the breaking 
out of the Civil War. In i86i he enlisted in 
Comjjauy ¥, Seventeenth Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, of which he was 
appointed Sergeant. In the service he was 
struck in the shoulder by a piece of a shell. 
Having recovered from the wound, he rejoined 
his company, and thereafter remained with it 
until honorably discharged at the expiration of 
three years and three months. Afterward for 
about eight years he followed the business of 
photographer in the coal districts of Pennsyl- 
vania. Upon his return to Massachusetts he 
taught school two years. Since 1S87 he has 
conducted a general store in West Bo.xford. 

Mr. Morse married Mary E. Sager, a native 
of Pennsylvania. He has no children. He 
has served with ability as superintendent of 
schools and upon the School Committee, and 
was a member of the State legislature in 1893. 
An honorary membcrshiii connects him with 
the Junior Order of Ameiican Mechanics, and 
he was one of the organizers of Post No. 5, 
G. A. R., of Lynn, and was its third Com- 
mander. Mr. Morse is now a comrade of I'ost 
No. 108, of Georgetown. In politics he is a 
Republican. He cast his first Presidential 
vote for Abraham Lincoln in i860. 



fff^OSHUA BRAGDON, a well-known 
box manufacturer of Danversjiort, was 
born in Cornish, Me., March 21, 181S, 
son of Joshua and Lavinia (Brooks) Bragdon. 
When he was ten years old his father removed 
to Wells, Me., the parents' native town. 




GARDNER S. MORSE. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



21^ 



wliere young Joshua lived until he was six- 
teen. Then he went to Lynn and bound him- 
self to Mr. Buffum in the lumber and mill 
business for one year, for the sum of one hun- 
dred dollars and his board. At the end of the 
year his duties and responsibilities were in- 
creased, and his salary raised. The running 
of the planing machine was in his charge, and 
he also kept the books. When Mr. Buffum 
sold out his business in Lynn, and started in 
Salem, Mr. Bragdon went with him, taking 
entire charge of the new enterprise. In 1853 
he came to Danversport and engaged in the 
same business in company with his brother 
Nathaniel and James Staples. The firm lost 
Mr. Staples by his death in 18G0. It had 
an extensive business in the manufacture of 
bo.xes. Finally it sold the lumber and plan- 
ing business, restricting itself thereafter to 
box-making, in wiiich it was very successful. 
Mr. ]5ragdon also owned two vessels. He 
sold his box manufacturing interest in 1879 to 
Woodman ]?rothers & Ross, and has since 
lived retired. 

Since 1879 ^'''"- I^rag'tlo'i 'i^s served for 
twelve years on the Board of Selectmen. 
During one term, in which was adopted the 
water-works system, the original cost of which 
was one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, he 
was chairman of the board. In that period, 
also, extensive road improvements were made 
by the Telford system, especially upon the 
Danversport turnpike, where a poor road was 
converted into a substantial one. Having 
been for sixteen years a Justice of the Peace, 
he is now holding his third commission. He 
has been a trustee of the Danvcrs Savings 
Bank for twenty-five years, was a vice-presi- 
dent of it for five years, and served for several 
years on its Investment Committee. Mr. 
Bragdon is a Republican in politics, and takes 
much interest in the welfare of his town. 



In 1840 he married Isabel Littlefield, of 
Wells, Me., who died in Danvers in 1864. 
A second marriage in 1865 united him with 
Mary Frances Twiss, of Beverly, his present 
wife. Born of the first marriage were: 
Charles Edward, who died at the age of four 
and a half years; and Clara A., who died in 
her twelfth year. His second wife has 
adopted a daughter, Ida Twiss Bragdon, who 
is a music teacher. Mrs. Bragdon is a teacher 
in the Congregational church Sunday-school 
and a regular attendant of the church. Mr. 
Bragdon is a member of the Mosaic Lodge, 
F. & A. M., of Danvers, and has been con- 
nected with the fraternity for over thirty 
years. 

4^m^* 

'shames wedgewood dearborn, 

one of the foremost contractors and 
builders of Lynn, was born April 23, 
1822, in Effingham, N.H., son of Alvah 
Dearborn. His grandfather, James Dearborn, 
who was a native of Greenland, N.H., fought 
for independence in the Revolution. The 
father, a native of Lee, N.H., born in Sep- 
tember, 179S, who died in Saiigiis, Mass., in 
1869, served in the War of 1812. He mar- 
ried Sarah Leavitt, who was born and reared 
in Effingham, N.H. They became the par- 
ents of five children; namely, Carr L., James 
W., Benjamin, Adoniram J., and Sarah L. 
James W. Dearborn completed his school 
period at the age of sixteen years in North 
Hampton, N.H. In 1841 he came to Lynn in 
search of employment, and afterward worked 
at various occupations in this locality for 
three years. Going then to Salem, he was 
employed in a chemical factory for three 
years. The following year was similarly 
spent in Roxbury. He subsequently learned 
the trade of mason in Andover with Hiram 
Tuttle, and for two or three years after fol- 



2l8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



lowed it in Salem and Saiigus. Having 
settled permanently in Lynn in 1866, he and 
his brothers, Iknjamin and Adoniram J., in the 
firm Dearborn I5rothers, have since carried on 
an extensive and flourishing business as con- 
tractors and builders. He has acquired a 
wide reputation for substantial and durable 
work, and is often called upon to superintend 
the erection of buildings in other cities. 
After the great fire in Portland, Me., he put 
up seven large structures. Likewise he 
erected many buildings in St. John, N.B , 
after that city had been devastated by fire. 
Among other public buildings of note erected 
by him is Kent's Hill College, in Augusta, 
Me. 

In 1890 Mr. Dearborn was a member of 
the Board of Aldermen, serving efficiently in 
the Committees on Street Lighting, Public 
Property, and Police, being the chairman of 
the second committee. In 1897 he was a 
member of the Common Council, in which he 
was assigned to the Committees on Sprinkling 
and Incidental P^xpenses. A straight Repub- 
lican in politics, he is a member of .the West 
Lynn Republican Club. He is also a member 
of West Lynn Lodge, No. 65, I. O. O. F. 
In Masonry he has taken the thirty-second 
degree, and belongs to William Sutton Lodge, 
of Saugus; Sutton Chapter, R. A. M., of 
Lynn; Mount Olivet Commandery, K. T., of 
Lynn; Lafayette Lodge of Perfection and 
Yates Council, Princes of Jerusalem, both of 
Boiiton; and to the Massachusetts Consistory. 
He supports all measures tending to advance 
the moral and material welfare of the com- 
munity. A faithful member of the South 
Street Methodist Church, he is one of its trus- 
tees, and serves on its ]?oard of Managers. In 
1843 he married Miss Clara H. ILstcs, of 
Salem, Mass., who died in June, 18S4. Of 
their eight children, but two arc living. 



namely: Clara IL, who is the wife of the late 
William T. Parker; and Benjamin A. Dear- 
born. A second marriage on April 20, 18S7, 
united Mr. Dearborn with Miss Mary E. Web- 
ster, of Lynn. 




APTAIN JOHN M. ANDERSON, 
a former Harbor Master of Glouces- 
ter, was born in Bergen, Norway, 
on September 27, 1825, son of Andrew and 
Caroline (Dahll) Anderson. His father was 
taken prisoner by the English during the 
trouble between luigland ami Denmark, and 
was held by them for five years in Dartmouth 
Prison. 

Captain Anderson received his early educa- 
tion in the common schools of Norway. 
When his father died he was- obliged to leave 
school and become self-supporting, being 
then about fifteen years old. Naturally his 
thoughts turned to the sea as a means of live- 
lihood; and he secured a berth as cabin boy 
on the "Olaf Cyre," which was bound to New 
York with passengers. After two years spent 
as cabin boy and ordinary seaman he came 
to Gloucester. Here he attended the public 
schools, and at the same time studied naviga- 
tion. Some time later lack of funds obliged 
him to discontinue his studies for a space and 
take a fishing trip. After a short time he had 
saved siifficicnt money, not only to continue 
his studies, but to purchase an interest in a 
fishing-vessel. Disliking this business, he 
eventually sold his interest and made a pres- 
ent of the proceeds to his present wife. He 
then embarked for Surinam as second luate. 
Thereafter, until he became the master of a 
vessel, he sailed in the trades. When first 
officer of the "Manton," a bark owned by 
Edward ]?abson, of Gloucester, the vessel took 
fire while lying in the harbor of Surinam, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



219 



was burned to the water's edge. In 185S he 
was given command of the brig "Nereiis," 
owned by George B. Rogers, of Gloucester. 
With this vessel he made trips back and forth 
to Surinam until the slaves were freed in that 
country, when trade there became no longer 
profitable. As a consequence the " Nereus " 
was sold by her owners. During the Rebellion, 
Captain Anderson found opportunity to sail 
under the flag of Holland, making voyages to 
Liverpool, London, and other points, but not 
in command of the vessel. After the war he 
secured an appointment as first mate on the 
"R. A. Allen," hailing from Boston, and at 
the end of his first trip in her he was made 
captain by the owners. When starting on his 
first voyage as captain in this craft, he loaded 
with ice at Boston for New Orleans, and upon 
reaching that place reloaded with cotton for 
Providence. From Providence he was sent to 
Bangor, thence to Matanzas, from which he 
returned northward to Boston with sugar. 
After this trip he was given Cf)mmand of the 
"Mary E. Dana," which was chartered for a 
coasting voyage to Philadelphia. Subse- 
quently he made several trips to Cuba in 
the "O. C. Clara," after which he had com- 
mand of the "Poincett." On one of the 
return trips in the last named vessel, while 
the captain was ill of yellow fever, and the 
vessel was navigated by the mate, he suffered 
shipwreck on Nantucket Shoals, when the 
vessel and cargo were a total loss. The cap- 
tain and crew escaped with their lives. The 
owners did not blame Captain Anderson for 
the disaster. After about three weeks of con- 
finement on account of his illness, he received 
command of the "Acacia," which was owned 
by the same parties, he having a quarter in- 
terest. For the next ten years he visited in 
this vessel nearly every port in the North At- 
lantic. In 1SS3, he met with a severe accident 



that incapacitated him from further active ser- 
vice at sea. Accordingly he gave up his ves- 
sel and settled in Gloucester, engaging in the 
fishing trade. This, however, proving uncon- 
genial to him, he soon sold out. Since then 
he has been very successfully engaged in the 
ship brokerage business. Captain Anderson 
served fifteen years as Harbor Master, and 
during the administration of Governor Rus- 
sell he was appointed Port Warden of 
Gloucester. 

Captain Anderson was married to Clara 
Prentice Saville, a daughter of Fritz and 
Lydia Ann (Stanwood) Saville. Of this 
union three children have been born — Clara, 
John E., and Oline. Clara, born in 1859, 
married Preston Friend, who is a book-keeper 
in Gloucester. She has one child, Louisa, 
who was born in 1877. John ]•:. Anderson, 
born in 1862, is in business with Davis 
Brothers in tiiis city. Oline, who was born 
in 1869, is the wife of Albert Maddocks, a 
druggist of Gloucester. She is the mother of 
three children, namely: Harold, who was born 
in 1889; Albert S., who was born in 1893; 
and Lelia P., who was born in 1S94. Captain 
Anderson is a member of Tyrian Lodge, A. F. 
& A. M. ; of Martha Washington Lodge, Or- 
der of the Eastern Star; of the Boston 
Marine Society; and of the Gloucester His- 
torical Society. 




& 



HOMAS EMERSON COX, formerly 
a leading farmer of Lynnfield, was 
born on the home farm, July 28, 181 3, 
son of Benjamin and Clarissa (Eir.erson) 
Cox. The father, who came to Lynnfield 
from Boston when only eight years of age, 
lived with Deacon Evans for six years. At 
the age of fourteen he began to learn the 
shoemaker's trade from Joshua Burnham in 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



the house that was afterward his son's home. 
After finishing his apprenticeship he re- 
mained in Mr. Burnham's employ until he 
was twenty-two years of age. Then he mar- 
ried and removed to South Reading, the home 
of his wife's parents. Returning to Lynn- 
field in 1S12, he bought of Mr. Burnham the 
place in which he had served his apprentice- 
ship, and which had been mortgaged. In 
1824 he added forty acres to the estate, which 
originally contained some sixty acres. The 
old house, erected prol)al)ly before the Revo- 
lution, is still standing, though it has re- 
ceived additions. Benjamin Cox carried on 
farming, and at the same time did consider- 
able work at his trade. He died on March 3, 
1S73, at the age of ninety-one. His wife, 
who survived him, died on January 17, 1SS9, 
at the advanced age of one hundred and one 
years and three months. Their family com- 
prised eleven children, five of whom are still 
living; namely, Thomas E., Hubbard, George, 
Hannah, and Harriet. Hubbard resides in 
Reading, and George at Wakefield. Hannah 
is now Mrs. Irenas W. Newcomb, and Har- 
riet is Mrs. Charles Leonard Bayrd, of Wake- 
field. Clarissa, who married Reuben Weston, 
of Reading, recently died at the age of ninety- 
one. 

Tliomas Emerson Cox grew to manhood on 
the farm, and learned the shoemaker's trade 
with his father. After working for a few 
months in Cambridge he went to Hartford 
and suhsetpiently to Union, Conn. Later 
he returned to Massachusetts, but soon went 
to Maine, spending two or three years in .Sac- 
carappa and Portland. Returning then to his 
native town, he took up his residence at the 
farm, and in 1857 increased the estate by buy- 
ing a tract of one hundred and twenty acres, 
much of it being woodland. lJ]ion the death 
of his father he bouirht out the interest of the 



other heirs, and now owns about three hun- 
dred acres. While carrying on general farm- 
ing, he devotes the greater part of his time to 
milk producing; and since 1881 his son, 
Thomas E., Jr., has given his time to the 
farm management. On October 6, 1839, Mr. 
Cox was married to Lucy, daughter of Will- 
iam and Sally (Burnham) Gould. Mrs. 
Gould, who was a daughter of Joshua Burn- 
ham, the original owner of the Co.x farm, was 
born and married in the old house. Lucy, 
now Mrs. Cox, was iiorn in South Reading on 
December 22, 18 18, and hence was twenty- 
one years of age at the time of her marriage. 
She has been the mother of six children — ■ 
Lucy Albina, Benjamin Franklin, Abbie 
Jane, Caroline Pamelia, Henry Bancroft, and 
Thomas Emerson. Lucy Albina, who is un- 
married, resides with her parents. Benjamin 
F. and Henry B. dietl in childhood. Abbic 
Jane was instantly killed at the age of nine- 
teen on an occasion when her horse, taking 
fright, jumped upon a railroad track in front 
of an on-coming train. Caroline P. is Mrs. 
Everett Noyes, of Wakefield. Thomas E. 
Cox, Jr., who resides on the farm, married 
Elizabeth Rebecca Leavis, of Wakefield, a 
lady of English birth. They have two chil- 
dren — Harold Childs and Ralph I'.merson 
Cox. Their son, Thomas iLmerson, died at 
the age of sixteen montiis. In politics Mr. 
Cox, Sr., was a stanch Democrat, and he 
faithfully atteudcd and supported the Univer- 
salist church at Wakefield. He died May 7, 
1898. 



^^•»» 



§011N ]\. JUDKINS, founder of the 
carriage-building house of J. B. Jud- 
kins & .Sons Company, was horn in 
Freedom, N. IL, in 1S35, son of John and 
Mary (Lovcring) Judkins. His grandfather 
was Samuel Judkins, who held a Major's com- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



221 



mission in the Continental army during the 
Revolutionary War. The grandfather was a 
prosperous farmer of Freedom, N.H., where 
he died at the age of forty-five; and each of 
his sons — John, Peter, and Daniel — inherited 
a farm. John Judkins, father of John B., set- 
tled in Melrose in 1855, and retired from 
business. 

In 1852 John H. Judkins came to Merrimac 
(then West Amesbury), and at the age of 
seventeen began an apprenticeship of five 
years as a carriage-trimmer. In 1857 he com- 
menced the manufacture of carriages, which 
he continued in several different factories in 
the town until 1866, when the factory now oc- 
cupied by the Judkins Company, and which 
has been enlarged several times to accommo- 
date the steady increase of business, was 
erected. The present, company was incorpo- 
rated in 1891 with Mr. John B. Judkins as 
president; F. B. Judkins, treasurer; and 
C. H. Judkins, secretary. In 1884 Mr. Jud- 
kins was elected to represent the towns of 
Amesbury, Merrimac, and West Newbury in 
the legislature, and was appointed on the 
Committee of Manufactures. He has been for 
many years a director of the First National 
Bank, and also vice-president and trustee of 
the Merrimac Savings Bank. He has been 
identified with the Masonic and Odd P'ellow- 
ship interests of the town for tiie past quarter 
of a century. Mr. Judkins married Laura J. 
Haskell, daughter of William H. Haskell, 
one of the most prominent citizens and lead- 
ing business men of the town. 



iPwl 



OMAS H. LORD, a grocer of Ips- 
wich, is one of the best known busi- 
ness men of the place. Born here 
March 3, 1829, son of Asa Lord, he is of 
good old English ancestry, the first of the 



family to come to America having been Rob- 
ert Lord, who emigrated from England in old 
Colonial times. 

Asa Lord, whose father, Asa, was drowned 
at sea when he was a young man, was born 
and reared in Ipswich. Besides working at 
his trade of shoemaker he was also engaged 
in a mercantile business. In 1825 he opened 
a store on the site of the present grocery, not 
far from Lord Square, and having his dwell- 
ing, shop, and store connected. Besides con- 
ducting these he was interested in the coast 
trade as part owner of vessels bringing lum- 
ber from Maine ports. He lived to the good 
age of ninety-one years, passing away in Octo- 
ber, 1890, having been able until the previous 
year to be in the store most of the time. He 
married Abigail II. Hodgkins, a daughter of 
Captain John Hodgkins, .who, now in her 
ninety-seventh year, has been confined to the 
house for some time. Asa was not active in 
politics. While he was a regular attendant of 
the First Congregational Church, his religious 
beliefs more nearly coincided with the Uni- 
versalist creed. He was an extensive reader, 
keeping well informed on the current topics 
of the day. To him and his wife were born 
the following children: Lucy Ann, a maiden 
lady, who lives with her mother; Thomas H., 
the special subject of this sketch; two chil- 
dren that died in infai'cy; and Mary Abbic, 
who died in 1886, and was Lhe wife of John 
A. Brown, of Ipswich. 

Thomas H. Lord began to serve as clerk in 
his father's store when a boy. At the age of 
nineteen he received charge of the books. Of 
late years he has had entire charge of the 
business which, until the death of the father, 
was carried on under the name of Asa Lord. 
As a man of integrity, straightforward charac- 
ter and purpose, he has won the confidence of 
all with whom he has had dealings, and is 



BIOGRAPHICAL RKVIEVV 



respected throughout the comnuuiity. A 
stanch Republican in politics, he is active 
ill the party, attending most of the local con- 
ventions. From 1865 until 1872 he served as 
Selectman, Overseer, and Assessor, and one 
term in the same capacity since then. He is 
a member of the First Congregational Church, 
toward the support of which he contributes 
liberally. 

Mr. Lord was married November 13, 1S59, 
to Miss Lucretia Smith, who was born in 
Boston. Mr. and Mrs. Lord have no children 
of their own. An adopted daughter, Anna 
Louise Lord, has been a member of their 
family since she was four years old. She 
graduated from the Manning High School 
and later, in 1890, from Wellcsley College. 
Subsequently she taught in Indianapolis, and 
was for three years a teacher of modern lan- 
guages in the University of Denver, Colorado. 
She has spent two years abroad in the Univer- 
sities of Leipsic and Gottingen, pursuing her 
special work, Germanic philology. Miss 
Lord is now in the high school at Jersey 
City, where she is the teacher of the German 
language. 

[^ATMAN MORTIMER HAWKES, a 
leading member of the legal frater- 

Ll^' \^ ^ nity of Essex County and a promi- 
nent citizen of Lynn, is noted for his mental 
attainments, professional ability, and literary 
accomjilishments. He was born November i, 
1843, in Lynnfield, formerly a part of Lynn, 
a son of Nathan D. Hawkes. He comes of a 
long line of honored and distinguished ances- 
try, being an eighth generation descendant of 
Adam Ilawkes, who was born in T-"ngland in 
1608, came to America with Winthrop in 
1630, and died in Lynn in ifjyt. In 1631 he 
married Ann Hutchinson, by whom he had 
two children — John and Susanna. (.Susanna 



married in 1649 William Cogswell, of Ips- 
wich.) After her death he married Sarah 
Hooper, by whom he had one daughter, Sarah. 
Adam Hawkes first located in Charlestown. 
In 1638, at the time of the first division of 
lands in Lynn, he received a grant of one 
hundred acres, and settled in that part of 
Lynn now known as North Saugus, on the 
homestead which has since been in the family, 
descending from one generation to another in 
unbroken succession. His son John, the first 
male member of the family horn in America, 
was born in 1633, and died in 1694. - He first 
married in 1658 Rebecca, daughter of Moses 
Maverick, the first magistrate of Marblehead, 
and Sarah (Allerton) Maverick, daughter of 
Isaac and Mary (Norris) Allerton, who came 
over in the "Mayflower," and for his second 
wife married Sarah, daughter of Thomas 
Cushman, Ruling Elder of I'lymouth, and his 
wife, Mary, who was also the daughter of 
Isaac Allerton. 

Moses Hawkes, the next in line f)f descent, 
was born in Lynn on November 29, 1659, and 
died there February i, 1709. On May 10, 
169S, he married Margaret Cogswell, of Ips- 
wich, this county; and their eldest child, 
Moses Hawkes, the second, born on March 4, 
1699, was the succeeding progenitor. He 
was a man of prominence in his day and one 
of the original founders of the town of Saugus. 
On April 9, 1730, he married Susanna Town- 
send, a relative of Daniel Townsend, a 
minute-man, who was killed by the l!ritish at 
Lexington, April 19, 1775. Tiieir son Na- 
than, who was born in Lynn, July i, 1745, 
and died in Saugus, October 17, 1824, was 
the great-grandfather of Nathan M. Hawkes, 
the special subject of this sketch. He was 
very active in tlie management of town affairs, 
serving as Selectman in 1805, 1806, and 
1S07, during the contention between tlie town 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



223 



and the First Parish as to the use of the old 
Tunnel Meeting-house, and was for several 
years parish clerk. He was one of the lead- 
ing petitioners for the formation of the towns 
of Lynnfield and Saugus. On September 3, 
1769, he married Sarah Hitchings, a descend- 
ant of Daniel Hitchings, a soldier in King 
Philip's War, who held the title to his lands 
under a deed from the Indian Sagamores. 
Nathan Ilawkes was Ensign of Captain David 
Parker's company of Lynn minute-men at the 
Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775; and his 
great-grandson has the sword which he wore 
on that day of days, and under the sword 
stands the chair in which he sat when he told 
the story of how 

■• The emijattlcd farmers stood, 
And tired the shot heard round the world." 

Nathan Hawkes, the second, grandfather of 
Nathan M., was born in that part of Lynn now 
Saugus, January 22, 1775, and died in Sau- 
gus, August 22, 1862. On January 22, 1805, 
he married Elizabeth Tarbell, a daughter of 
Jonathan Tarbell, a minute-man of Danvers, 
whi was at the battle of Lexington, April ig, 
1775, and a descendant of John Tarbell, of 
Salem Village, the leader in removing the 
Rev. Samuel Parris from his pastorate of the 
Salem Village Church after the witchcraft 
trials of 1692. 

Nathan D. Hawkes was born in Lynn, May 
4, 181 1, and died in that city, April 23, 1S50. 
On November 10, 1842, he married Tacy 
Pratt Hawkes, daughter of Ahijah and Theo- 
date (Pratt) Hawkes, who was born on the old 
Hawkes homestead, which has been in the 
family since it came into the possession of the 
immigrant ancestor, Adam Hawkes, in 1638. 

Nathan M. Hawkes acquired his early edu- 
cation in the public schools of Lynn, and was 
graduated from the Friends' School in Provi- 



dence, R.I., in 1861. He immediately began 
to read law in the ofifice of Perry & Endicott, 
of Salem, and on the twenty-first anniversary 
of his birth, November i, 1864, was, on mo- 
tion of Judge Endicott, admitted to the Esse.x 
County bar. He has since been actively en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession, and in 
local affairs has been prominently identified 
with the highest interests of his city, county, 
and State. From 1867 until 1879 he was 
Special Justice of the Lynn Police Court. 
From 1869 until 1872, inclusive, he was a 
member of the Common Council of Lynn, 
three years of the time being president of the 
board. He was also a member of the School 
Committee and a trustee of the public library. 

In 1875, 1876, 1877, and 1878 he was a 
member of the General Court, and in 1879 
was State Senator. At present he is a mem- 
ber of the Lynn Park Commission, which con- 
trols the Lynn Woods, that the late Charles 
Eliot called "the largest and most interesting, 
because the wildest, public domain in all New 
England." He is also a member of a com- 
mission appointed by the City Council, con- 
sisting of the Mayor, the City Clerk, and 
himself, to secure the publication of the early 
records of the town. 

He has ever been deeply interested in liter- 
ary pursuits, and his frequent contributions to 
the press have proved a source of pleasure to 
innumerable readers. In 1S87 and 1888 the 
Boston i?^c:^;v/ published a series of sketches 
entitled, "The Best Town to live in." Mr. 
Hawkes showed his appreciation of his native 
town by writing an article setting forth the 
natural and acquired charms of Lynnfield and 
its desirability as a place of residence. He 
has since published a work entitled, "In Lynn 
Woods with Pen and Camera, 1893." The 
Esse.x Institute has also published his "Glean- 
ings Relative to the Family of Adam 



224 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Havvkes" and "Semi -historical Rambles 
among the lughteenth-century Places along 
the Saiigus River." The Magazine of Avuri- 
can History and the New Engiatid Magazine 
have printed some of Mr. Hawkes's local his- 
torical studies, including "The Lynn Iron 
Works" and "Captain Robert ISridges, 
Founder of the Iron Works." 

He is a forcible and eloquent speaker, and 
is often called upon in this capacity on public 
occasions. Many of his addresses of this 
character have been published, among them 
being an "Address at the Dedication of the 
New Town Hall " at Lynnfield, January 28, 
1892; an address delivered before the Essex 
Agricultural Society at Haverhill, Mass., 
September 21, 1S93; a memorial address 
commemorative of James Robinson Newhall, 
given before the Lynn Press Association, Jan- 
uary 17, 1894; and an address delivered be- 
fore the Bay State Lodge, No. 40, I. O. O. F. , 
on the occasion of its fiftieth anniversary. 
Mr. Hawkes is the holder in fee of one bit of 
real estate in Lynnfield, which has to him a 
peculiar interest. It is the little enclosure 
which contains the mortal remains of some of 
his kin, including his great-grandfather, Jon- 
athan Tarbell, the Danvers minute-man, who 
was on Lexington Green, A])ril 19, 1775. 

Mr. Hawkes was married December 2, 
1867, to Mary, daughter of Benajah and 
Cynthia Buffum, of North Berwick, Me., at 
tlie Buffum homestead. They have one child, 
Alice Hawkes. 

Mr. Hawkes is a member of the Essex In- 
stitute and of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, his taste for historic re- 
search and investigation making him a most 
desirable member of each. He is an Odd 
I-'ellow, belonging to the Bay State Lodge, 
No. 40, I. O. O. F., of which he is a Past 
Grand. He was a charter member of the 



Lynn Historical Society, and is a member of 
its Council. He is a member of the Society 
of "Mayflower" Descendants. 

Since the immigrant Englishman, Adam 
Hawkes, pitched his tent in the wilderness 
outskirts of Lynn, each succeeding generation 
to the time of the subject of this sketch has 
tilled the soil on the baiiks of Saugus River; 
and possibly he, too, looks with longing ej'cs 
upon the scenes familiar to his fathers, and 
craves the serenity of rural life that may come 
after the treadmill drudgery of office work is 
over. 



/ SJeORGE CANNING HOWARD, 
\J5 I M.D., a popular physician of Law- 
rence and a son of Samuel and 
Amanda (King) Howard, was born in Pom- 
fret, Windsor County, Vt., August 24, 1840. 
The paternal grandfather, Adam Howard, who 
was born in the town of Braintree, Mass., en- 
listed as a soklicr in the Revolutionary army 
when a youth. His brother, Benoni, who set- 
tled in Connecticut, also served in the Revo- 
lution. Separated by the war, neither knew 
whether the other was alive or dead when it 
was over. On his release from military ser- 
vice, Adam, taking a pack on his back, walked 
to Vermont, crossing the Connecticut River at 
Lebanon or West Lebanon. He was urged to 
settle at West Hartford; but, the land being 
too level to suit him, he sought the hilly part 
of the State, purchasing a tract of timber land 
in Pomfret. At his death he was about four- 
score. He married a Miss Polly Mann, of 
Randoljjh, Mass., who is buried with him in 
the family cemetery on the old farm. They 
reared a family of six sons and three daugh- 
ters. Of these, two settled in St. Lawrence 
County, New York. Four stayed in Pomfret, 
Samuel and Seth remaining on the old home- 




JOHN FRENCH JOHNSON. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



2 2 7 



Stead, and Benoni and Daniel making settle- 
ments on either side. The first of the family 
to pass away was Adam, Jr., who died in 
Messina, N. Y., at the age of forty. 

Samuel Howard, born in Pomfret, June 15, 
1800, was engaged during his active life in 
farming on the homestead. He died Febru- 
ary 24, 1874. In 1825 he was married to 
Amanda King, also a native of Pomfret, born 
in March, 1S07. She died January 20, 1875, 
eleven months after her husband's demise and 
at exactly the same hour of the day. Both 
rest in the Pomfret cemetery. They were 
members of the Methodist lipiscopal church. 
All their children, two sons and six daughters, 
attained maturity, and were well educated; 
and all but the youngest married. August in 
S., having graduated from Dartmouth in 1858, 
went West in 1861, obtained a diploma from 
the law department of Ann Arbor College in 
1862, and settled on a tract of land. The 
daughters living are: Jane, the wife of 
Chauucy Childs, who lives in Pomfret; Ann, 
the widow of Carlos Tenuey, residing in Hart- 
fonl, Vt. ; and Emma, the wife of Austin 
Howard (no relation), residing in West Hart- 
ford. 

George Canning Howard was a student at 
the New London (N. H.) Academy, one of the 
oldest institutions in the State. During the 
Civil War, from P'ebruary, 1863, to June, 
1865, he served in the medical department of 
the Union army. Graduating from the medi- 
cal department of Dartmouth College in 1865, 
he began to practise almost immediately in 
North Attleboro, Mass. Three years later he 
went to Salem, N.H., where he was in active 
professional work for thirteen years. In July, 
1882, he opened an office on the corner of 
Jackson and Essex Streets, Lawrence, where 
he is still to be found during office hours. 
He has a large practice, and is highly es- 



teemed in this city. His handsome residence 
at 145 Haverhill Street was purchased by him 
in 1887. 

On September 5, 1865, he was married to 
Georgiana Smith, of North Attleboro, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Georgiana (Butterfield) 
Smith. Mr. Smith kept a country store in 
early life, and was later in the jewelry busi- 
ness in Boston with W. D. Whiting, the hus- 
band of his wife's sister. He died in 1854, 
leaving, besides a widow, Georgiana, who was 
then eight years old. Dr. and Mrs. Howard 
have two children — Florence and Fred A. 
The former is the wife of James Hasbrouck 
Le Fevre, who is a son of a Presbyterian 
clergyman in New Jersey, comes of Huguenot 
descent, and is the superintendent of the roll- 
ing-mill of the Pennsylvania Steel Company 
at Steelton, Pa. Fred A. Howard is the 
superintendent in a manufactory of sterling 
silverware in North Attleboro, Mass. The 
Doctor is a stanch Republican and sound 
money man. He is a Knight Templar of 
Bethany Connnandery, Lawrence; a member 
of Phoenician Lodge of Lawrence, Mass.; and 
he was D. D. G. M. of the Second Masonic 
District of New Hampshire in 1881 and 1SS2. 
Both he and his family attend divine worship 
at Grace Episcopal Church. 



'sffOII'^ FRENCH JOHNSON, stationer, 
t)ne of the leading business men of 
Amcsbury, was born in this town, Sep- 
tember 22, 1845, a son of F-leazer A. and 
Mary A. (I'Vench) Johnson. He is connected 
with many of the old families of Massachu- 
setts and of Rockingham County, New Hamp- 
shire, among which may be named the Weares, 
the Austins, the Bartletts, the Dows, the 
P'renches, the Greens, the Greenleafs, the 
Morrills, the Storys, the Coffins, and the Cur- 



228 



BIOGKAPHICAL REVIEW 



ricrs. On the paternal side he is a descendant 
in the ninth generation of Captain Edward 
Johnson, who was born in Canterbury, Eng- 
land, in 1599, and with his family settled in 
VVoburn, Mass., in 1636. 

A prominent figure in Church and State, 
Edward Johnson was a man of unusual literary 
habits and attainments. He wrote the first 
history of New England published, an ac- 
count of the colonies from 1628 to 1650. A 
member of the Great and General Court of 
Massachusetts for a number of terms, he was 
Speaker of the Mouse one term. He was 
Captain of the train band at Woburn and one 
of the original twenty-four members who in 
1637 formed the Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery Company. He had seven children, all 
born in Canterbury. His son Edward died in 
Woburn in 1692. 

Edward Johnson, Jr., was married early in 
1650 to Catherine Baker, who bore him four 
children. Edward, third, son of Edward and 
Catherine (Ikiker) Johnson, was born in Wo- 
burn in November, 1650. He was Captain of 
a company that took [hUt in the early Colonial 
wars. He married Miriam Holbrooke, by 
whom he had five children. His daughter 
Susanna represents the fourth generation in 
the direct line connecting the subject of this 
sketch with the immigrant ancestor above 
named. Susanna Johnson married Captain 
lileazer Johnson, who was of the third genera- 
tion in descent from another immigrant ances- 
tor, William Johnson, counting down from 
whom John French Johnson is eighth in the 
male line. 

William Johnson was born in Canterbury, 
England, in 1C02, and died in Charlestown, 
Mass., in 1677. He lived to see one hun- 
dred and twenty towns settled, with a quota of 
si.xteen thousand fighting men. He was mar- 
ried in 1632-34 to Elizabeth Story, and by 



this union had eight children, the eldest born 
in England, the others in Massachusetts. 

His son Isaac, born in Charlestown in 1649, 
fought in King William's War (1688), when 
the Indian allies of the French made such 
savage raids on the settlements in New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts. He died in Charles- 
town in 171 I. Isaac Johnson was married in 
1671 to Mary Stone. Their son. Captain 
Eleazer Johnson, was born in Charlestown in 
1676. A master mariner, he made many long 
and successful voyages, and acquired consider- 
able wealth. He died in Charlestown, Mass., 
at the advanced age of ninety-two. His mar- 
riage to Susanna Johnson took place in 
1698. 

Their son Eleazer, Jr., representing the 
fifth generation from Cajjtain Edward and the 
fourth from William Johnson, the pioneers of 
the family, was born in Charlestown in 1699. 
Married to Elizabeth Austin in 1722, he had 
a family of seven children, one being a son, 
Isaac, second, who was born in Charlestown in 
1729, and whcjse house in that place was 
tiestroyed during the battle of Bunker Hill. 
His jjrother or, more probably, his eUlest son, 
Eleazer, a lad in his teens, was taken prisoner 
at that time and carried to New York. He 
died in the Jersey prison .ship in New York 
Harbor. Isaac Johnson, second, was married 
to Elizabeth Cofifin in 1760. He died in 
Newburyport in 1S17. 

Daniel C. Johnson, son of Isaac ami Eliza- 
beth, and grandfather of John FVench Johnson, 
was born in Newburyport in 1770. He was 
a man of modest, retiring disposition; and, 
aside from his jirivate affairs, his chief inter- 
est centred in his church, in which he was 
prominent all his life. He died in 1828. 
Daniel C. Johnson was married in 1794 to 
Sally Avery. He had a family of nine chil- 
dren, Eleazer A. being the eldest son. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



229 



Eleazer A. Johnson was born in Newbury- 
port in 1797. For a number of years he was 
engaged in manufacturing shoes, and he was 
connected with the Amesbury woollen-mills 
for more than a quarter of a century. A man 
of deep religious feeling, he devoted much of 
his time to religious affairs, and was Deacon 
of the Congregational church in Amesbury 
forty years. He died in 1885. Deacon John- 
son was married to Ruth Butler in 1821 and 
to Mary A. French, above named, in 1838. 
Through his mother Mr. John F. Johnson is 
eighth in line of descent from Ensign Abra- 
ham Morrill, who came to this country in 
163S. The six intervening generations are 
represented respectively by the Hon. Isaac 
Morrill, Jacob Morrill, Elizabeth Morrill, 
Jacob Barnard, Sarah Barnard, and Mary 
French. 

John French Johnson is one of a family of 
ten children. He was educated in the public 
schools of Amesbury and Davis Academy. 
After leaving school he entered the employ of 
Scribner's Sons & Co. in New York City, 
with whom he remained ten years. Returning 
then to Amesbury, he bought out a small sta- 
tionery and book store on Main Street, a few 
doors from his present place of business. He 
had a constant and rapid increase in trade; 
and four years ago, his old store being too 
small, he moved to his present commodious 
quarters in the Hamilton Block. He carries 
a large stock, and has one of the best equipped 
stores of the kind in Essex County, occupying 
two floors ninety by eighteen feet. Mr. 
Johnson is a man of literary tastes, and has 
devoted much of his leisure in the past ten 
years to tracing the history of his family. 

Mr. Johnson was married in 1876 to Frances 
A. Keniston, who died in 1895. He is a 
member of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company of Boston, and enjoyed the 



famous European tour in the summer of 1896. 
He is a thirty-second degree Mason and a 
member of Aleppo Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine, Boston, Mass. ; has been through the 
chairs in the subordinate lodges and the chap- 
ter; is Thrice Illustrious Master of the Ames- 
bury Council, Royal and Select Masters; sec- 
retary of Trinity R. A. Chapter; and for 
twelve or more years has been Bast Com- 
mander of Newburyport Commandery, K. T. , 
the oldest commandery in this section, if not 
in the country. He is a charter member of 
Attitash Lodge, Ancient Order of Red Men, 
and has been trustee since the lodge was or- 
ganized. He is also a member of the Society 
of Colonial Wars, eligible through twenty- 
eight distinct lines; of the New England His- 
torical and Genealogical Society; and of the 
Bureau of American Ancestry. Actively in- 
terested in the welfare and progress of the 
community, he was a charter member of the 
Village Improvement Society and its first 
secretary; and he is now corresponding secre- 
tary of the society. He is also a member of 
the Wonnesquam Club, the leading and practi- 
cally the only business and professional men's 
social club in Amesbury. 



OHN C. M. BAYLEY, one of New- 
buryport's most prominent lawyers, 
was born in this city, July 8, 1850. 
He is a descendant of some of the earliest 
settlers of this part of Essex County. His 
great-grandfather Bayley and his grandfather 
Bayley both bore the name Robert. The for- 
mer was a sea captain and a ship-owner. In 
war time a brother of the elder Robert fitted 
out many privateersmen. 

The younger Robert Bayley was a well- 
known man of his time, and there are family 
traditions of many strange incidents in his 



230 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



eventful life. In the prosecution of his busi- 
ness, which was the importation of West India 
goods, he made many voyages to the West 
Indies. Upon one occasion, with fourteen 
companions, he resorted to the extraordinary 
expedient of allowing himself to be buried in 
the ground up to his neck in order to escape 
the contagion of a terrible fever that was 
devastating the land. During the War of 
1 81 2, while on one of his voyages, the ship 
he was in was captured by a British frigate, 
and he was placed in irons and conveyed to 
Dartmouth Prison, where he was confined for 
six years. Starting in business alone, he 
afterward took his brother and son into the 
firm, which was then carried on under the 
style of Robert Bayley & Son. He was a 
Deacon in the Prospect Street Church, and 
was one of its most active and influential 
members. He married Abigail Chase. 

Charles M. Bayley, son of Robert and Abi- 
gail (Chase) Bayley, went into the West India 
trade with his father, and made one hundred 
trips to the islands during the course of his 
life. He owned many vessels, and continued 
in business with his father until 1878. His 
death occurred in 1892. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Charlotte Clark, survives 
him. She is now eighty-four years of age. 
They had seven children, of whom four, in- 
cluding the subject of this sketch,' are still 
living. 

John C. M. Bayley was educated in the 
public schools of Newburyport and at Dumnier 
Academy, Byfield, Mass. At the age of eigh- 
teen he went abroad, seeking to benefit his 
health, which had been poor for some time, 
and during his absence visited different parts 
of Europe, Calcutta, India, and other places. 
After his return, when twenty-five years of 
age, he began the study of law with Judge 
Pike, of Newburyport. Later on he was for 



one year the private secretary of Caleb Cush- 
ing, under whom he continued his legal 
studies. He had been admitted to the bar 
the year previous, 1878: and he was the law 
])artner of Frank W. Hale for three years 
thereafter, or until Mr. Hale went to Colo- 
rado Springs. In 1886 Mr. Bayley became 
associated with General Benjamin F. Butler, 
with whom he was engaged in practice in Bos- 
ton, enjoying with him the most friendly 
relations until the General's death. Since 
his return to Newburyport Mr. Bayley"s 
practice has consisted largely of mercantile 
and probate court work. He is also a mem- 
ber of the United States Court. A strong 
Republican, like the other members of his 
family, Mr. Bayley has been urgently re- 
quested to enter politics, but has declined. 
In earlier manhood, however, he was for three 
years a member of the Common Council, and 
he served as City Solicitor during the years 
1882 and 1883. 

On October 31, 1888, Mr. Bayley married 
Sarah Frances, daughter of Benjamin F. and 
Sarah F. Colt, of Cohasset. He has three 
children, all girls, namely: Marion Hortense, 
who was born March 16, 1892; Charlotte 
Colt, born November 14, 1893; and Josephine 
Lawrence, born December 10, 1896. 




HARLES F. YORK, the popular 



chairman of Rockport's Board of Se- 
lectmen, was born here, September 
I, 1844. A son of Nathaniel F. S. and 
Frances A. (Hamilton) York, he is of ling- 
lish extraction on the paternal side and of 
Scotch on the mother's side. The father, 
who was born in Yarmouth, Me., came in his 
earlier years to Rockport, where he served 
the community for periods of varying length 
in the capacities of Selcctniiin, chairman of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



231 



the Selectmen, a member of the School 
Board, and a Trial Justice. On the School 
Board he spent eighteen years, being the 
chairman for a part of that time. In politics 
he was a Republican, and took much interest 
in public affairs. A prominent member of 
Ashler Lodge, A. F". & A. M., at Rockport, 
he was its Master for several terms, and also 
served as chaplain for a time. By his death 
on March 7, 188S, Rockport lost a valued 
citizen. His wife, Frances A. York, was 
born on Chebeague Island, Cumberland 
County, Me., near Portland. Their other 
children are: Sumner D., who is at present 
Assistant District Attorney of Esse.x County, 
lives in Rockport, and has his law office in 
Gloucester; and Rebecca F., the widow of 
the late Howard Wheeler, of this place. 

Charles F. York attended the public schools 
of Rockport, including the high school. Upon 
completing the course of the latter institution 
he entered French's Commercial College at 
Boston, Mass., from which he also graduated 
in due time. Subsequently for a period he 
studied law, which interested him as a sci- 
ence. In 1867 he engaged in the fishery 
business with the firm of John Low & Son, 
of Gloucester. Having spent several years 
with that firm, he was employed for three 
years by John Pew & Son, of that place, in 
the same line of business, for the greater 
part in the capacity of travelling salesman. 
Then he was a travelling salesman for Mar- 
shall & York; and later he was employed for 
several years by Parmenter & Co., both of 
which firms were fish dealers and packers in 
Gloucester. While still retaining an interest 
in the fishing business at Gloucester on a 
ommission basis, he afterward acquired a 
profitable connection as a local insurance 
agent, and represented a number of the stand- 
ard companies. 



On November i, 1871, Mr. York married 
Mariett, daughter of Amos and Martha Luf- 
kin, of Rockport. Two sons have been born 
to them, namely: Charles F. York, Jr., now 
a graduate of the Harvard Dental School and 
engaged in business here in Rockport; and 
Amos C, living at home. Mr. York is prac- 
tically a self-made man, having had to do for 
himself since he was about fourteen years of 
age. He is a Republican in politics. In 
1894 he was first chosen a Selectman of Rock- 
port. Re-elected in 1895 to serve until 
March, 1898, he has since been the chairman 
of the board. He has been a Justice of the 
Peace for some time. For six years he served 
as a trustee of the Rockport Public Library. 
He attends religious services at the Congrega- 
tional Church of Rockport. 



cj^AMUEL NEWMAN CALDWELL 




is one of the old and respected resi- 
dents of Newbury, Mass. He was 
born in Dunbarton, N.H., June 27, 1835, a 
son of David Story and Abigail (Newman) 
Caldwell. He traces his descent from Alex- 
ander Caldwell, who was born in Ireland in 
1690, and died in Litchfield, N. H., January 
5, 1766. Alexander's wife, Margaret, was 
born in Ireland in 1709, and died January 6, 
1791. 

Their eldest son, Thomas, the next in line 
of descent, was born in Ireland in 1733, and 
died at Dunbarton, N.H., February 20, 
1816. Thomas married in 1759 Elizabeth 
Holmes, who died March 23, 1805. Their 
children were: Mary, who married Thomas 
Mills; Margaret, who married John Mills, of 
Dunbarton; Alexander, second, who married 
Mary Moore, of Bedford; William, who mar- 
ried Thankful Burnham ; Betsey, who never 
married; and Thomas, Jr., who was born May 



232 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



3, 1766, and died at Dunbarton, Ajiril 4, 

i«35- 

The younger Thomas Caldwell was married 

December 17, 1793, to Thankful Story, daugh- 
ter of David Story and a relative of the re- 
nowned Judge Story. She was born in Ips- 
wich, Mass., in 1773, and died in Newark, 
N.J., September 10, 1836. 

Many members of the Caldwell and Story 
families served in the early Indian wars and 
in the Revolution. Mr. S. Newman Cald- 
well has in his possession an antique gun 
which was one of the best smooth-bore weap- 
ons of its day, and did good service as an 
offensive and defensive arm in the hands of 
Cald wells during the Colonial wars. 

The children of Thomas and Thankful 
(Story) Caldwell were: Thankful Story, born 
February 20, 1796, who died June 16, 1803; 
Sarah Story, born February 12, 1798, who 
was married to Thomas Mill on December 28, 
1 8 19; David Story, the father above men- 
tioned; Margaret Mills, born February 27, 
1 802, who was married on December 26, 
1826, to Putnam Ingalls, of Merrimac, 
N.H., and died about two years ago in New- 
ark, N.J.; Thankful Story, born June 30, 
1804, who was married June 21, 1841, to 
Frederick A. Morgan, of Hartford, Conn. ; 
Eliza, born October 27, 1806, who died April 
29, 1834, and is buried in Dunbarton, N.H.; 
Serene, born July 13, 1809, who died in 
Newark, N.J., about two years ago, the wife 
of Walter Harris, Jr. ; and Mary Ann, born 
July 17, 1 81 3, who died unmarried in Orange, 
N.J., February 15, 1872. 

David Story Caldwell was born March 22, 
1800. He was engaged for a number of years 
in farming and orcharding, making a specialty 
of apples; and he dealt some in real estate. 
For a number of years he was Selectman of 
Dunbarton, and he was Overseer of the Poor 



for an extended period. He was married De- 
cember 5, 1827, to Abigail Newman, of New- 
buryport, Mass., who bore him eight children. 
Wallace, the eldest, was one of the forty- 
niners in California. He acquired a claim in 
Nevada, for which he was offered seventy-five 
thousand dollars. He died in Boston, No- 
vember 2, 1896, leaving one daughter, who is 
the wife of Herbert Newton, of Haverhill, 
Mass. John H., the second son, died in 
1878, thirteen years after his marriage, 
lilizabeth, the third child, who died July 17, 
1891, in Newbury, Mass., was the wife of 
Judge Addison C. Niles, of Nevada City, 
and left one son, who is in San Francisco. 
S. Newman is the subject of this sketch. 
Thomas Alexander, his twin brother, now 
residing on a farm in Newbury, was in Cali- 
fornia a number of years, and was engineer 
at Truckee and Wadsworth. David A., the 
sixth child, was one of the ablest teachers in 
the city of Boston, also in the Boston Reform 
School. He died February 7, 1886. His 
wife was Mary Anna Payson. Their only 
daughter, Anna Payson, was married August 
2, 1885, to William L. Vinal, who was killed 
at the terrible explosion of the Boston Sub- 
way, March 4, 1897. They had a little girl, 
Molly, eleven years old. The seventh child, 
George, lived but four years and a half. The 
youngest, Charles, twin brother of George, 
graduated at Dartmouth and Harvard, and is 
now practising medicine in Chicago. He 
served in the army and navy during the war, 
entering the service as a member of the Dart- 
mouth College cavalry that fought at Gettys- 
burg. He married an Ohio lady, who had 
been engaged in teaching the Indians at Fort 
Arbuckle. 

S. Newman Caldwell acquired his education 
in the common school and Dummer Academy. 
His early life was filled with change and ad- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



23i 



venture. After leaving school he went to 
sea, and he was subsequently engaged on the 
survey from Madison to Milwaukee, and was 
for a while in Iowa. Returning home, he 
was for some time at Deer Island, Boston 
Harbor, engaged as a boatman and in other 
capacities. His father's sickness made it 
necessary for him to return to the farm in 
Newbury, and there he has since resided. 
He was married in 1878 to Mary Anna, 
daughter of Jonathan H. and Nancy (Mudgett) 
Johnson. Her family gave to the Union sev- 
eral brave defenders at the time of the war, 
her father, three of his brothers, and two of 
his sons being in the army. Her father, who 
was Captain of a company, was brought home 
to Deerfield, N.H., from New Orleans, and 
died shortly after his arrival; and one son, 
Mrs. Caldwell's eldest brother, who was in 
the Eleventh New Hampshire Regiment, was 
brought home dead within seven months. He 
was killed at Spottsylvania, and his body was 
shot three times while being carried from the 
field. An uncle was wounded at the same 
time. Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell have three 
children — Mary Newman, Annie Alden, and 
David Story. 



(^^OSEPH COLBY, an esteemed resident 
of Methuen and a salesman in the 
wholesale dry-goods house of Bradford, 
Thomas & Co., Boston, was born in Concord, 
N.H., October 18, 1840. His father, Timo- 
thy Colby, who was born and reared among 
the granite hills of New Hampshire, after 
attaining manhood settled in the city of Con- 
cord. Here the father was prosperously en- 
gaged as a builder and contractor until his 
death, which occurred in 1880. He married 
Sarah Kimball, also a native of New Hamp- 
shire, who is now living in Concord. They 



became the parents of three children, as fol- 
lows: Joseph, the subject of this sketch; 
Annie, who is now the wife of A. P. Fitch, 
of Concord, N.H.; and George H., now a 
resident of Concord. 

In 1858, after completing his education, 
Joseph Colby went to Boston as a clerk in a 
dry-goods store. He continued in that capac- 
ity until familiar with the details of the busi- 
ness, when he entered upon a mercantile 
career on his own account. A few years 
later he accepted a position with the firm with 
which he is now connected, and has since 
remained in their service as one of their most 
faithful and trustworthy employees. 

On September 5, 1871, Mr. Colby married 
Miss Mary Ada, daughter of Kimball and 
Mary Esther (Neal) Gleason, of Methuen, and 
has since resided at 147 Broadway, the Glea- 
son homestead. Kimball Gleason, born in 
Haverhill, Mass., April 30, 18 19, died May 
21, 1S70. A member of the Gleason family, 
who were known far and wide as most success- 
ful manufacturers of hats, he learned the trade 
of hatter in early life, and afterward carried 
on a thriving business. Possessing good busi- 
ness ability, notwithstanding some reverses, 
he met with success in his operations, acquired 
considerable property, and at his death left 
a good estate. A large-hearted, generous 
man, and kind to the poor, he had the sincere 
esteem of the community in which he lived. 
In religious belief he was a strong Universal- 
ist. Although not an aspirant to political 
ofifice, he served in the State legislature for 
one term. His widow, who survived him 
fifteen years, died at her home in Methuen on 
January 12, 1885, aged si.\ty-si.x years. They 
reared three children, namely: Georgiana, 
who became the wife of the late M. VV. Hodg- 
don, and died January 31, 18S9, leaving one 
daughter, Mary; Mary Ada, now Mrs. Colby; 



234 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



and Florence May, the wife of William Os- 
wald, of Lawrence. Mary Hodgdon first mar- 
ried Harry F. F"oss. After his death she be- 
came the wife of Henry G. Powning. Mrs. 
Colby was educated in the public schools of 
Mcthuen, at the Abbott Academy in Andovcr, 
and at Doctor Gannett's School in Boston. 
She is much interested in literature. Kim- 
ball Gleason Colby, the only son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Colby, has had excellent educational 
advantages. After receiving a diploma at 
Phillips Academy in Andover he went to 
Amherst College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1895. 



OHN DWINELL, who resided all his 
lifetime on the old Dwinell home- 
stead in Topsfield, was born in 1782. 
A son of John Dwinell, Sr. , he was a lineal 
descendant of one of the earliest settlers of 
this part of Essex County. The emigrant 
ancestor of the family, Michael Dwinell, was 
probably a F'rench Huguenot, the name hav- 
ing been originally spelled Du Enniel. He 
located in Topsfield in 1660, receiving a large 
tract of land, on which he built a dwelling- 
house not far from the present home of Charles 
Pcabody. He reared nine children, and died 
about the year 1713, his will having been 
proved in 17 17. His son Michael, born in 
1670, became a physician, and died in 1762. 
Dr. Dwinell had seven wives and twelve 
children. His son, Jacob, by his wife Han- 
nah, born in 1715, died September 16, 
1784. Jacob succeeded to the original home- 
stead, the whole of which has always been 
kept in the family, and built the present house 
on a part of the land granted to his grand- 
father, erecting it in 1761. He married 
Kezia Gduld, of Hoxford, who bore him seven 
children. His son Israel was a soldier in the 



French and Indian War, and died while on 
the march to Crown Point in 1760. A letter 
written by Israel to his parents, dated June i, 
1760, is still preserved by his niece. Miss 
Sarah P. Dwinell. 

John Dwinell, Sr. , another son of Jacob, 
born on the old home farm in 1747, died in 
1 81 8. He inherited the family estate, on 
which he made substantial improvements, each 
year clearing some part of the land. He 
served in the Revolution, as did his brother 
Jacob. He married Esther Richards, who, 
born in Southboro, Mass., was reared on 
the Pierce farm, which adjoins the Dwinell 
homestead. She lived to the remarkable age 
of one hundred and one years, eight months, 
and ten days, passing away on the homestead 
in 1847. Many articles of value left by her 
are preserved by her grandchildren. She was 
one of those strong, heroic women of olden 
times, who shared their husband's daily toil, 
and with them received the respect of the 
community. Her husband, broad-minded and 
liberal, was especially noted for his benevo- 
lence to the needy, and usually had several 
women without natural protectors under his 
care. Of his children, John Dwinell, Jr., 
and Esther reached maturity. The latter 
married Moses Wilds, whose son, Moses, re- 
cently died in Topsfield. 

John Dwinell, the subject of this biography, 
inherited the old homestead of his forefathers. 
A practical and progressive farmer, he kept 
well abreast of the times in general matters. 
Though modest and unassuming in manner, 
he was highly esteemed by his neighbors and 
friends for his brotherly spirit, sound judg- 
ment, and strict integrity. The first of his 
two marriages was contracted in 18 10 with 
Sarah Perkins. She died in 1813, leaving no 
chilihen. The second marriage, in i.SiS, 
united him to Louisa Richards, who, Imrn in 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



235 



Southboro, Mass., in 1798, died in 1S79 on 
the home farm. She was a member of the 
Congregational church, of which he was a 
regular attendant. They had eight children, 
the following being their record : John, born 
in 1819, died in 1859; David Holt, who 
always lived on the homestead, remained un- 
married, and died in 1896; Sarah Perkins, 
born in 1822, is unmarried, and resides on the 
home farm; Louisa Richards, born in 1824, 
dieil in i8g6, unmarried; Hepsibah Sophia, 
who was born in 1S26, and died in 1897, mar- 
ried James Henderson, of Topsfield, but had no 
children; Esther Mehitabel, born in 1828, is 
unmarried, and also lives on the homestead; 
Willard Adolphus, born in 1831, now carrying 
on the old homestead, where he resides, mar- 
ried in May, 1864, Ruth Ann Stickney, of 
Salem, and has two children (Annie Cole, the 
wife of Fred \V. Harnes, of North Brookfield, 
Mass. ; and John Willard Dwinell, living at 
home) ; and George Winslow, born in 1S34, 
lived on that part of the old Dwinell 
tract now occupied by Loren Rust, and died 
there, unmarried, in 1890. The father died 
on the homestead in 1864. 




)N. CHARLES CHASE DAME, 
prominent lawyer and an esteemed 
resident of Newburyport, was born 
June 5, 1819, at Kittery Point, then in the 
Maine District of the Commonwealth of Mas- 
sachusetts, son of Joseph and Statira (Chase) 
Dame. On the father's side he belongs to 
the eighth generation descended from John 
Dame, who came from England with Captain 
Thomas Wiggin in 1633, and settled on terri- 
tory now within the limits of the town of 
Dover, N.H. 

This John Dame took a leading part in the 
affairs of the early colony on the Piscataqua, 



was one of the first Deacons of the first church 
organized in Dover, and one of the signers of 
the celebrated protest of 1641. Among his 
descendants were Judge Dame, of Rochester, 
N. H ; Jonathan Dame, for many years a 
bank cashier in Dover; and Harriet F. Dame, 
who received the thanks of the New Hamp- 
shire legislature for heroic services rendered 
to the sick and wounded in the field through- 
out the late war. The line of descent from 
the founder of the family was continued to 
Charles C. Dame by John Dame (second,) 
John (third), Richard, Benjamin, Samuel, 
and Joseph. 

Samuel Dame, the grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, resided in Wakefield, 
N.H. His eldest son, Joseph, by his wife, 
Olive Tuttle Dame, was born in Wakefield, 
May I, 1784. Joseph followed the profes- 
sion of schoolmaster for several years in 
New Castle, N.H. He was the first man 
from his native town to enlist for service in 
the War of 181 2, during which he was sta- 
tioned at Fort McCleary on Kittery Point. 
His wife, -Statira, whom he married Decem- 
ber 2, 1 8 14, was a daughter of Joshua Tufts 
Chase, of Kittery. The latter was a man of 
note, and had the confidence of the community. 
He was a member of the General Court at 
Boston for the seven years preceding the sev- 
erance of his district from Massachusetts, and 
of the Maine House of Representatives for the 
nine years succeeding that event. Joshua 
Tufts Chase was a direct descendant of Aquila 
Chase, who was one of the settlers that located 
in Hampton in 1639, and who removed in 
1646 to Newbury, where he received several 
grants of land. Aquila was the first pilot of 
the Merrimac River, and subsequently fol- 
lowed the calling of ship-master. Thomas 
Chase, son of Aquila and Anne (Wheeler) 
Chase, resided in Newbury, and was the father 



236 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of the Rev. Josiah Chase, born November 30, 
171 3. The Rev. Mr. Chase was ordained Sep- 
tember 19, 1750, as the first minister over 
Spencer Creek Parish in Kittery, where he 
labored for thirty-eight years. In 1743 he 
married Sarah Tufts, a great-grand-daughter 
of Governor Eradstreet, and afterward had a 
son who was the father of Joshua Tufts Chase. 
The children of Joseph and Statira (Chase) 
Dame were: Mary Ann, born April 10, 18 17; 
Charles C, the subject of this sketch ; Loammi 
B. , born November 17, 1821; Joseph Calvin, 
born March 19, 1824; Luther, born March 3, 
1826; Marshall Morrill, born July 9, 1828; 
Statira A., born December 20, 1830; and 
Anna Chase, born May 14, 1833. Both par- 
ents were members of the Baptist church. 
The father died September 23, 1S73, and the 
mother's death occurred in her eighty-third 
year. 

Charles Chase Dame was seven years of 
age when his parents removed to New Castle, 
N.H. Upon the return of the family to Kit- 
tery four years later, he began to work for his 
living as a farm hand, clerk, or at whatever 
honorable employment offered in the summer 
season, while he attended school throughout 
the winter months. At the age of fourteen 
he became a pupil of the high school at Ports- 
mouth, N.H., and thereafter attended it for 
one year. In the winter of his seventeenth 
year he took up his father's profession, that of 
teacher, and followed it throughout that sea- 
son in Kittery. Then, to further qualify him- 
self for this calling, he took a course at the 
South New Market Academy. After this he 
taught for some time in Brentwood, N.H. 
In June, 1839, complying with a request for 
his services, he came to Newbury, the home 
of his matc-rnal ancestors, and took charge of 
the school at the "Upper Green." He had 
spent nearly two years in this position when. 



on February 7, 1841, he accepted the charge 
of a grammar school at Lynn, Mass. On 
May 2, 1842, he was elected principal of the 
South Male Grammar School in Newburyport. 
His stay here was of short duration, as he was 
soon after transferred to the Brown High 
School, where he taught for about six years, 
displaying rare abilities as an instructor. 
Then, his health having given way under the 
strain of his daily duties and private studies, 
he resigned his position in the high school, 
February 22, 1849, 'i"'^' made a voyage to the 
Pacific coast, making a short stay in South 
America. After an absence of two years he 
returned to Newburyport with his health fully 
restored. In the following fall he took charge 
of the English department of Chauncy Hall 
School, Boston, then as now one of the most 
successful private schools in the country. 

During the nine years he passed here he 
qualified himself for the legal profession, and 
was admitted to practice in the courts of Mas- 
sachusetts, September 8, 1859, and in the 
United States District Court on the 17th 
of the following October. His admission 
to the Supreme Court was granted March 
22, 1876. In 1S60, resigning his position in 
Chauncy Hall School, he opened a law office 
in Boston, where he prosperously followed the 
profession until 1875. President Andrew 
Johnson appointed him Collector of Internal 
Revenue for the Fifth District of Massachu- 
setts, and he filled that office continuously, 
under the succeeding administrations of Grant, 
Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur, until August i, 
1883. In 187s the duties of the office were 
largely augmented by the consolidation with 
the Fifth District, of the Sixth, Seventh, and 
apart of the I'ourth; and he abandoned his 
legal business. Throughout the fifteen years 
of his Collcctorship, during which his collec- 
tions averaged one million dollars annually, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



237 



the government did not lose a dollar through 
any shortcoming of his. Upon vacating the 
office his accounts, which were found entirely 
free from discrepancies, were promptly ad- 
justed, and left in such good order as to prove 
that he had been a model official. Resuming 
his profession soon after, he has since fol- 
lowed it in Newburyport, where he had re- 
tained his residence since 1839. He is inter- 
ested in the Merchants' National Bank, of 
which he is a director, and in the Institution 
for Savings, of which he is a trustee. 

On September i, 1842, Mr. Dame was 
united in matrimony with Frances A. Little, 
of Newbury, who bore him four children. 
These were: Frances Chase, born August 25, 
1843, now deceased; Charles Little, born 
May II, 1845, deceased; Frances Maria, born 
August 2, 1848; and Charles Wallis, born 
February 23, 1855. 

Originally a Whig in politics, Mr. Dame 
has been a Republican since the formation of 
the latter party, and he has taken an active 
interest in national and State affairs. He had 
been a member of the Republican State Com- 
mittee for several years, when, complying 
with the order of President Hayes requiring 
F'ederal officials to keep free of party organi- 
zations, he resigned. In 1886 he was re- 
placed on the committee, which has had the 
advantage of his services since. After serv- 
ing Newburyport successively in its School 
Committee, Common Council, and Board of 
Aldermen, he was sent to the State Senate 
in 1 868 by the Fourth Essex District. In 
1886 he was elected Mayor of the city, and in 
the following year his administration of its 
affairs was characterized by a conservative 
policy and a studied regard for the best inter- 
ests of the citizens. Desirous of promoting 
the welfare of Newburyport when out of office 
as well as when in office, he is a member of 



several educational and charitable associations, 
has been a Water Commissioner since 1894, 
and is a director of the public library. He 
also belongs to the Veteran Artillery Com- 
pany, of Newburyport, and to the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company, of Boston. 
Of the former organization he was the Com- 
mander in 1870, and he is now the Judge Ad- 
vocate. 

Finally, he is prominent in the Masonic 
order, his connection with which furnishes a 
most creditable and interesting chapter of his 
life. He joined the fraternity in 1857, when 
he was received as a member of Revere Lodge, 
Boston. In the following year he was ad- 
mitted to St. Andrew's Royal Arch Chapter 
and the Boston Commandery of Knights Tem- 
plar and in 1859 to the Boston Council of 
Royal and Select Masters. Three years after 
in Raymond Lodge of Perfection at Lowell, 
Mass., he received the Ineffable Degrees and 
was admitted to the Council of Princes of 
Jerusalem, to Mount Calvary Chapter of Rose 
Croix, and to the Massachusetts Consistory. 
Next year, on May 22, he was made honorary 
member of the Supreme Council of Sovereign 
Grand Inspectors-general of the Thirty-third 
Degree, an honor to which his services in be- 
half of Mason-ry well entitled him. He was 
introduced and crowned an active member ad 
vitam, September 23, 1S97, of the Supreme 
Council for the State and District of Massa- 
chusetts, and is now Deputy for the State of 
Massachusetts. 

He was Worshipful Master of Revere Lodge 
in i860 and 1861. After filling subordinate 
offices in St. Andrew's Chapter, he was Scribe 
in 1859, King in i860, and High Priest in 
1861 and 1862. Also in 1862 he was ele- 
vated to the dignity of Grand King of the 
Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Massachusetts. 
Having received orders of Knighthood in the 



238 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



IJoston Commamlery of Knights Templar in 
1858, he was the Eminent Commander in 
1866 and 1867. He was Commander of Hugh 
de Payens Commandery of Knights Templar 
at Melrose, Mass., while that organization 
was conducted under a dispensation, and he 
has been retained on its roll as an honorary 
member since then. He is now an honorary 
member of all the Masonic bodies in Newbury- 
port, incUuiing lodge, chapter, and command- 
ery. In 1867 a new lodge established in 
Georgetown, Mass., was named the Charles C. 
Dame Lodge in his honor. He was the Illus- 
trious Commander in thC Boston Consistory 
of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite in 
the years 1863, 1864, and 1865; was De[Hity 
Grand Master in the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts in 1862, 1863, and 1864; and was 
elected Grand Master of Massachusetts Masons 
in 1865, 1866, and 1867. By a unanimous 
vote in 1881 he was elected to the Board of 
Directors of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 
for two years, and he has been regularly re- 
elected since. On December 10, 1884, when 
the Masonic Education and Charity Trust was 
established, Mr. Dame was elected a trustee 
thereof for the term of seven years, reckoning 
from the first day of tiiat year; and when the 
]5oard of Trustees organized he was chosen 
secretary, an office which he has held up to 
the present time. He has also served on im- 
portant special committees of the Grand 
Lodge. The superintendence f)f the erection 
of the Masonic Temple in Boston, at the 
corner of Tremont and Boylston .Streets, fell 
to his lot while he was Grand Master of the 
Masons of Massachusetts. L^ndertaken after 
a business depression that had lasted two 
years, this was a herculean task; but it was 
accomplished, thanks chiefiy to the tireless 
efforts of Grand Master Dame, assisted by 
Rifrht Worshipful .Sereno D. Nickerson; and 



the building was duly dedicated in 1867, in 
the presence of President Andrew Johnson, 
distinguished Masons from different States, 
and an immense concourse of Massachusetts 
brethren. The occasion was one of exultation 
to Mr. Dame, and was only of less importance 
to the Grand Lodge than the day of 1873, 
when its entire debt was wiped out. 




LBERT E. COGSWELL, a retired 
resident of Essex, Mass., was born at 

"'l!>\__^ the Cogswell homestead in this 
town, September 23, 1852, son of Albert and 
Elizabeth (Edwards) Cogswell. He is a 
lineal descendant in the eighth generation of 
John Cogswell, who was born in 1592 'in 
Westbury Leigh, Wilts County, England, son 
of Edward and Alice Cogswell and grandson 
of Robert Cogswell. An earlier member of 
the family in England was Lord Humphrey 
Cogswell, who received a coat of arms in 
1447. 

On September 10, 161 5, John Cogswell 
married Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Will- 
iam and Phillis Thompson; and in May, 
1635, he with his family sailed for America 
on board the "Angel Gabriel," commanded by 
Captain Andrews. The ship, which was 
wrecked on the coast of Maine in August, 
1635, brought other passengers, who settled 
in Essex; and among them were John and 
Thomas liurnham, ancestors of the lUirnham 
family of this town. John Cogswell settled 
in ICssex, and engaged in the manufacture of 
woollen cloth. He owned three hundred and 
seventy-five acres of land; and the family 
homestead, where eight generations have re- 
sided, is a part of his original tract. He died 
November 29, 1669; and his wife died June 2, 
iC>yC>. Their children were as follows: a 
daugiiter who married in luigland and lived in 




ALBERT E. COGSWELL. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



241 



London; Mary, who in 1649 married Godfrey 
Armitage; William, who was born in England 
in 1619; John, born in 1622; Hannah, who 
in 1652 married Deacon Waldo; Abigail, who 
married Thomas Clark; Edward, born in 
1629; Sarah, who married Simeon Tuttle, and 
died in 1692; and Elizabeth, who on July 31, 
1657, wedded Nathaniel Masterson. 

William Cogswell, son of John and the next 
in line, was united in marriage in 1649 with 
Susannah Hawkes, who was born in Charles- 
town, Mass., in 1633, daughter of Adam and 
Anna (Hutchinson) Hawkes. William Cogs- 
well died December 15, 1700, a few years 
after the death of his wife. They were the 
parents of ten children, namely: Elizabetli, 
born in 1650; Hester; Susannah and Ann, 
twins, born January 5, 1657; William, l)orn 
December 4, 1659; Jonathan, born April 26, 
1661 ; John, born May 12, 1665; Adam, born 
January 12, 1667; Sarah, born February 3, 
1668; and Edmund, who died young. 

Lieutenant John Cogswell, son of William, 
married Hannah Goodhue, who was born in 
Ipswich, Mass., July 4, 1673, daughter of 
William, Jr., and Hannah (Dane) Goodhue. 
The following children were the fruit of this 
union: Hannah, born March 27, 1693; Will- 
iam, born September 24, 1694; Susannah, 
born March 10, 1696; John, born December 
2, 1699; Francis, born March 26, 1701; 
Elizabeth, who married Colonel Joseph 
Blaney, October 20, 1 7 1 7 ; Margaret, born 
March i, 1722; Nathaniel, born January 19, 
1707; Joseph, who died in 1728; and Rethiah, 
who was married January 15, 1730. Lieuten- 
ant John Cogswell died in 1710; and his 
wife was again married in 1713 to Thomas 
Perley. She died December 25, 1742. 

William Cogswell, son of Lieutenant John, 
was born in Chebacco Parish, Ipswich, and 
during the active period of his life was here 



engaged in agricultural pursuits. The family 
residence was built by him in 1732. On Sep- 
tember 24, 1719, he wedded Mary Cogswell, 
who was born in 1699, daughter of Captain 
and Elizabeth (Wainwright) Cogswell. She 
died at the homestead in Essex, June 16, 
1734. On March 13, 1735, he married for 
his second wife Mrs. Elizabeth Wade Apple- 
ton, widow of Penjamin Appleton, V.sq. 
William Cogswell died July 19, 1762. He 
was the father of sixteen children. Those by 
his first union were as follows: Elizabeth, born 
June 13, 1720; John, born February 23, 
1722; Mary, born September 15, 1723; Jona- 
than, born May 9, 1725; Jacob, born May 18, 
1727; Lucy, born June 28, 1728; Sarah, born 
February 5, 1729; William, born in May, 
1731; and Sarah, born March 3, 1733. His 
children by his second union were: Hannah, 
baptized in December, 1735; Hannah, second, 
baptized June 7, 1737; William, second, born 
March 5, 1740; Susannah, born April 19, 
1741 ; Samuel, born March 15, 1742; Susan- 
nah, second, born July 9, 1743; and William, 
third, born May 31, 1745. Deacon Jonathan 
Cogswell, great-grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch, was married on March 16, 1748, 
to Mary Appleton, who was born March 25, 
1729, daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth 
(Wade) Appleton, of Ipswich. Deacon Jona- 
than died F'ebruary 11, 1812, and his wife 
died June 30, 1S13. Their children were: 
Nehemiah, born in 1749; William, born Au- 
gust 26, 1750; Jonathan, born January 4, 
1754; Elizabeth, born June 7, 1756; Joseph, 
born December 20, 1757; Benjamin, born 
June 27, 1759; Mary, born December 19, 
1760; Hannah, born August 12, 1762; Ben- 
jamin, second, born October 17, 1764; 
Benjamin, third, born August 15, 1766; Na- 
thaniel, born May 17, 176S; Sarah, born Jan- 
uary 13, 1770; Aaron, born December 28, 



242 



r.IOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



1771 ; and another child, who was born Octo- 
ber 12, 1773, and died in infancy. 

Aaron Cogswell, grandfather of Albert E., 
was an industrious and successful farmer. He 
married Lucy Kinsman, who was born Octo- 
ber 14, 1781. They reared four children, 
namely: Aaron, born February 21, 1807; 
Albert, born October g, 18 10; Lucy, born 
July 17, 1 81 3; and Jonathan, born March 5, 
1820. Aaron Cogswell died July 20, 1847. 

Albert Cogswell, his second son and the 
father of Albert E., was one of the able 
farmers and prominent residents of this town, 
widely known and sincerely respected. His 
energetic and prosperous life ended July 3, 
1885. His wife, Elizabeth Edwards, whom 
he wedded December 26, 1849, was born in 
Wenham, Mass., June 11, 1820, daughter of 
Benjamin and Susan (Roberts) Edwards. She 
became the mother of two sons: Albert E., 
the subject of this sketch; and Aaron, born 
July 20, 1858. Aaron Cogswell has been a 
prosperous farmer and a successful provision 
dealer in Esse.x, and is now living here in re- 
tirement. He is an active Republican, and 
is now serving as secretary and treasurer of 
the Republican Town Committee. He is a 
Past Chancellor of Starr King Lodge, No. 81, 
Knights of Pythias, of this town; is a mem- 
ber of J. T. Hurd Lodge, F. & A. M., of 
Ipswich; of Ocean Lodge, No. 91, L O. O. F. ; 
and Cape Ann Encampment, No. 33, of 
Gloucester, Mass. On July 20, 1886, Aaron 
Cogswell married Emma Dade, born in this 
town, June 28, 1864, daughter of Sylvester 
and Mary Jane Dade, the former of whom is a 
gardener and fruit-grower of Esse.x. Mrs. 
Albert Cogswell died January 2, 1897. 

Albert IC. Cogswell began his education in 
the common scliools, and completed his studies 
with a business course at the Boston Commer- 
cial College. He has always resided at the 



family homestead in Essex, and previous to 
his retirement was an exceedingly active 
farmer. 

On January i, 1890, Mr. Cogswell was 
joined in marriage with Sally A. Wright, who 
was born in Marshfield, Mass., December 25, 
1852, daughter of Ezra and Sally (Holmes) 
Wright, of Plymouth, Mass. Ezra Wright 
was born April 4, 1S24; and his wife, Sally, 
was born in February of the same year. She 
died February 23, 1858, leaving four children, 
namely: Ruth 15., now wife of Richard A. 
Windsor, telegraph operator at Duxbury, 
Mass.; Josephine, now widow of Henry W. 
Swift, late of Plymouth, Mass. ; Sallie A., 
who is now Mrs. Albert E. Cogswell; and 
Emma, wife of Philip Adams, a railroad en- 
gineer of Newburyport, Mass. Ezra Wright's 
second wife was Rebecca S. Phillips, born 
March 13, 1836, daughter of James and 
Martha (Perkins) Phillips, the former of 
whom was a manufacturer of musical instru- 
ments in Boston, and the latter a native of 
Lancaster, N. H. James Phillips died in 
1878, and his wife died in January, 1870. 
By his second union Ezra Wright had one 
son, Ezra, wiio was born December 13, 1S62, 
and married Emma Cole, of Kingston, Mass. 

Politically, Mr. Cogswell is an active sup- 
porter of the Republican party. He is a 
member of Starr King Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias, and is both prominent and popular 
amonfr the leadinsj residents of Essex. 




ENO A. APPLETON, of Rockport, 
an insurance broker, Justice of the 
Peace, and Notary Public, is a na- 
tive of Ipswich, Mass., born January 22, 1824. 
A son of Captain Oliver and Anstice (Cogs- 
well) Appleton, both of whom were born in 
Ipswich, he comes of an old Ipswich family 




AARON COGSWELL. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



243 



that traces its genealogy to Little Wadding- 
field, England. The founders of the Apple- 
ton family in this country were three brothers, 
who came from said English town and settled 
in Ipswich. These ancestors owned a large 
tract of land lying between and along the 
Ipswich and Miles Rivers, and which included 
a portion of the estates now owned and occu- 
pied by the wealthy New York Appletons, 
together with the fine residence and mill site 
of C. J. Norwood, Esq., on I])swich River. 
Remarkable instances of longevity in the fam- 
ily were Zeno A. Appleton's father and grand- 
father, who respectively attained the ages of 
ninety and ninety-three years, and his grand- 
mother, who was one of twelve sisters named 
Patch, and who was ninety - nine years old 
when she died. Captain Appleton, who ob- 
tained his military title in the local cavalry, 
spent his life in Ipswich and Hamilton, chiefly 
occupied in agriculture. 

Zeno A. Appleton lived in Ipswich until he 
was ten or twelve years of age. Then he 
removed with his parents to Hamilton, where 
the rest of his minority was passed on his 
father's farm. He obtained his education by 
attending the public schools of Ipswich and 
Hamilton, and spending a few terms at the 
Hampton Falls Academy in New Hampshire 
and the Gorham Academy in Maine. Soon 
after, he began teaching in the town of Ips- 
wich. Subsequently he taught in Hamilton, 
Essex, and Wenham for periods covering 
about ten years in all. He also spent portions 
of several years in shoemaking; and later he 
carried on a general mercantile business at 
Hamilton, where he was living at the outbreak 
of the Rebellion. In the fall of 1862 he 
enlisted in the Putnam Blues of Charlestown ; 
but after a short time he was transferred, to 
enable him to engage in the recruiting service 
in Rockport and other towns. After several 



months spent in that occupation he was trans- 
ferred to the Third Company of Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery Volunteers, which was first 
assigned to the forts in ISoston Harbor. Af- 
terward it was engaged in fort duty in the 
vicinity of Washington, where it was in 1864, 
when Mr. Appleton was honorably discharged. 
Having entered the army as a private, he re- 
ceived a commission as Second Lieutenant 
from War Governor Andrew, when he joined 
the Heavy Artillery; and, after he left the 
recruiting branch of the service in the latter 
part of 1863, Governor Andrew commissioned 
him as First Lieutenant. After returning to 
civil life he settled in Rockport, and for a 
time was a clerk in the Rockport Savings 
Bank. While holding that position he ac- 
quired an interest in the insurance business, 
which finally became so large that he was able 
to resign his position in the bank and devote 
his time exclusively to insurance. He writes 
both fire and life insurance policies, and rep- 
resents in both lines some si.xteen of the lead- 
ing companies. For twenty-five years he has 
been a Justice of the Peace and for a number 
of years a Notary Public. He is a Republi- 
can in politics and a member of the P'irst 
Congregational Church of Rockport. He was 
first married to Adeline A. Choate, of Rock- 
port, whose only daughter by him is now de- 
ceased. A second marriage united him with 
Mrs. Eliza G. Plenderson, uf this place. Their 
home, pleasantly situated oii High Street, is 
one of the finest in Rockport. 




,ALPH ORIGEN BAILEY, one of 
the prosperous business men of Ames- 
bury, was born here, June 24, 1849, 
son of Orlando Sargent and Mary (Gove) Bay- 
ley. The family is traced back to the early 
settlement of the county, and tradition tells 



244 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of a pedigree traced from the time of William 
the Conqueror. The ancient coat of arms 
which hangs in Mr. Bailey's hall, bears the 
following inscription : "The most noble Rob- 
ert Daily, Duke of Rossteven, Marquis and 
Earl of Lindsay, and Baron of Bresby, L. 
great chamberlain of England and one of ye 
P. C, so created July 26, 1353, in ye 7th 
of Ed'' ye 2"^. This antient and noble family 
is descended from Leopold Baily, who was 
constable of Dover Castle in the time of 
King Ethelred and owner o a town in Kent 
now called Bersted, but having quarrelled 
with ye monks of Canterb*", his oldest son was 
killed therein, whereupon he solicited Swene, 
King of Denmark, to invade ye realm, and 
was assisting therein. Besieged Canterb^ 
and took the archbishop prisoner, and ye death 
of his son was avenged in ye year 10 14." 

John Bayley was one of the first settlers 
in Salisbury, Mass. He came from Chelten- 
ham, or, as some say, Chippenham, a place 
about twenty miles from Bristol, England, 
embarking with his son John, Jr., in May, 
163s, on the "Angel Gabriel," a vessel of 
two hundred and forty tons. An interesting 
account of the voyage of this and the sister 
ship "James," which brought Richard Mather, 
ancestor of all the New England Mathers, and 
many other settlers, has been published. The 
"Angel Gabriel" anchored at Pemaquid, Me., 
was entirely destroyed by a great storm in 
August, and cattle and goods and several sea- 
men on board were lost. Owing to this ter- 
rible experience John Bailey never recrossed 
the ocean, and his wife and daughters and a 
son Robert died in England. John, Jr., born 
in 1613, settled in Newbury in 1650. Me 
was one of the party who opposed the Rev. 
Mr. Parker for arbitrary conduct. He mar- 
ried Eleanor Emery, sister of John Emery 
and of Ann Emery, who married James Ord- 



way, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. John Bayley, Jr., had 
eleven children. Their son Joseph, born in 
1648, removed in 1700 to Arundel, Me., near 
Bristol. He was killed by the Imlians in 
October, 1723, at the age of seventy-five 
years. Joseph Bayley married Priscilla Put- 
nam, daughter of Captain John and Rebecca 
(Prince) Putnam, of Salem Village. John 
Bayley, the third of the ten children of Joseph 
and Priscilla, was born September 16, 1678. 
His first wife was Mary Bartlett ; his sec- 
ond, a widow, Sarah Giddings. 

Captain William, son of John and Sarah 
l^ayley, was born in 1719. lie married Anna 
Lowell, who died in 1774, at the age of fifty 
years. He died August 23, 1788, at the age 
of sixty-eight years. His wife was a daugh- 
ter of Gideon Lowell. Their children were: 
Daniel: James; Sarah, who married Elijah 
Clough ; Hannah Lowell, who married Daniel 
Currier; Ann or Abigail, who married Amos 
Atkinson; Betsy, who married Daniel Wor- 
then; and Mary, who married Captain John 
Blaisdell, of Amesbury. 

James Bayley, the second son of Captain 
William, born September 30, 1746 (old style), 
married Abigail, daughter of Deacon Orlando 
Sargent. They had ten children, namely: 
John, who died at the age of twenty-five; Jon- 
athan, who married a Miss Stevens, and died 
in his twenty-seventh year; Sally, who mar- 
ried Captain Stephen Webster; James, who 
went to sea and died at Surinam, May 24, 
1796; William, grandfather of Ralph O., born 
March 20, 1779; Betsey Sargent, who dieil 
January i, 1801; Orlando Sargent, born De- 
cember 22, 1784, who married ]5etsey Lowell, 
grand-daughter of Captain Abner Lowell, and 
died in 1S17; Daniel, who died at sea Decem- 
ber 5, 1805; Charles Worthen, born Febru- 
ary 17, 1790; and Moses, born in 1792, who 
married Susan Leach. Charles Worthen Bay- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



24S 



ley went to sea, was impressed, and served on 
board a British ship of war for some time. In 
consequence of the efforts made by his brother 
William, who in iSio went to Halifax for 
that purpose; he was released, and came 
home after an absence of many years. He 
afterward went to sea again, and was never 
heard from. Mrs. Abigail Sargent Baylcy 
died June 20, 1800. On September 14, 1801, 
James Bayley married a second wife, Dorcas 
Bartlett, daughter of Francis and grand- 
daughter of John Bartlett. By this union he 
had another son, James, born in 1804. 

William Bayley, the grandfather, married 
July 19, 1801, Anna, only daughter of Adams 
and Anna Morrill. She died July 2, 1802. 
He married for his second wife, December 19, 
1805, Elizabeth Ordway, who was born June 
5, 1779, and died March 2, 1S62. William 
Bayley owned the property now held by the 
Catholic Society, and upon the present site of 
the St. Joseph's Church the old Bailey house 
used to stand. He was one of the prosperous 
merchants of his day. He died June 2, 1857. 
By his first wife he had a daughter, Anna, who 
in 1828 married William J. Boardman, and 
died a year or two later; and by his second 
wife he had four children — Betsey, Abigail, 
Hannah Ordway, and Orlando Sargent. 

Betsey Bayley, the eldest of these, born 
November 7, 1806, became on July 3, 1832, 
the second wife of William J. Boardman, son of 
Joseph and Anna Boardman. His grandfather 
was Nathaniel Boardman, of Salisbury, Mass. 
William J. was for many years prominent in 
town and church affairs, being connected with 
the Main Street Congregational Church of 
Amesbury. He died twenty or more years 
ago. His children by his wife Betsey were: 
Joseph, now a Congregational minister in 
Barnet, Vt.; Anne Morrill, deceased; Eliza- 
beth, who died aged four years; and three 



others who died in infancy. Abigail Bayley, 
born July 16, 1808, married August 8, 1831, 
Daniel Currier Bagley, son of William and 
Sarah (Worthen) Bagley. The children of 
Daniel C. and Abigail Bagley were: Edward 
Stimpson, deceased; Abby, who married the 
Rev. Rufus King, now pastor of a church in 
Cairo, N. Y.; and Ella Maria, who married 
Edward A. Childs, a leading dry-goods mer- 
chant of Amesbury at the present time. 
Hannah Ordway, born March 25, 1813, now 
residing in Toronto, Canada, married the Rev. 
Harrison O. Howland, a Congregational or 
Presbyterian minister, who died in Kinder- 
hook, N.Y., about 1870. Their children 
were: Elizabeth Phyfe, who married James T. 
Harris, now living in Missouri; William 
Bayley, born June 10, 1849; Mary, who died 
in childhood; Abby Bagley, now assistant 
principal of Demill College in Toronto, Can- 
ada; and Ellen Maria, residing in Toronto, 
Canada. William Bayley Howland, founder 
of the Outing magazine, formerly owner and 
publisher of the Cambridge (Mass.) Tribune, 
is now manager and treasurer of the Outlook, 
New York. His residence is Montclair, N.J. 
Orlando Sargent Bayley (or Baley, as he 
spelled his name), was born April 5, 18 18. 
In young manhood, after a short time spent 
as a clerk in his father's store, he entered the 
Salisbury Mills, and became overseer of the 
wool-sorting department. He was later em- 
ployed for some years as accountant, and in 
1862 was elected to the legislature to fill the 
unexpired term made vacant by the death of 
E. G. Colby. He was subsequently appointed 
Trial Justice, which office he held for many 
years; and he was afterward appointed by 
President Hayes to a clerkship in the ap- 
praiser's department of the Boston custom- 
house. He was again elected to the legisla- 
ture from the First District, He was a meni- 



246 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ber of the Board of Selectmen at the time of 
the separation of Merrimac from Amesbury, 
and for three terms was an associate of 
W. H. 15. Currier and William D. Lowell at 
the time of the annexation of Salisbury. He 
served on the School Board for many years, 
and was appointed probation officer under the 
new law to try persons arrested for drunken- 
ness, filling this office satisfactorily until the 
time of his decease. He was originally a 
Whig, but early indorsed the anti-slavery 
movement, and was one of the few political 
associates of John Greenleaf Whittier at a 
time when the men and principles of that 
party were derided and scorned. He was one 
of the original members of the Free and Easy 
Club, organized in the town fifty years ago. 
In religious faith he was a Congregationalist. 
In all the various phases of his life Mr. 
Bayley showed devotion to duty and earnest- 
ness of endeavor. He married May 5, 1839, 
Mary, daughter of Charles Gove. They had 
four children: Charles William, who married 
a daughter of David Batchelder, of Newbury- 
port, and is now a bookseller and stationer; 
Elizabeth Boardman ; Ralph Origen, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; and Austin. 

Mr. Ivalph O. Bailey after acquiring his 
education in the Amesbury schools, entered 
a carriage shop, where he worked industri- 
ously for ten years. In 1884 he was elected 
Collector of Taxes, which position he held for 
six years. He then formed a partnership with 
the late Benjamin L. Fifield, and established 
a large furniture business. Mr. Fifield being 
shortly afterward appointed Postmaster of 
Amesbury, the business from that time on was 
conducted by Mr. Bailey; and two years later, 
at the death of Mr. Fifield, he bought out the 
interest of the heirs. He now occupies two 
floors in the block, and carries a large stock of 
goods, an energetic and successful business 



man. He succeeds his father as probation 
officer for the Second Essex District. He 
married Hannah Matilda Hill (born Trussell), 
daughter of John L. and Hannah Trussell, 
both of whom were born in Amesbury, as 
were, jirobably, their ancestors for genera- 
tions back. Mr. Bailey has no children. 




ILLIAM HENRY NEWHALL, 
formerly Town Clerk of Saugus, 
was born in Groton, Mass., Febru- 
ary II, 1821, son of Captain David and 
Phoebe (Kimball) Newhall. The father plied 
the calling of shoemaker in Saugus and 
Groton, when boots and shoes were made by 
hand. A prominent man in his day, he held 
various town offices, and served as Captain in 
the State militia. He died in Saugus Cen- 
tre at the age of eighty-one years. Of his 
large family of children, five sons lived to 
maturity, namely: John E;dwin Newhall, now 
a resident of Saugus; Charles Addison, who 
served in the Civil War, and now resides in 
Chelsea, Mass. ; Hiram Harrison, also a vet- 
eran and now a resident of Reading, Mass. ; 
David Kimball, who died in Lynn in January, 
1897; and William Henry, the subject of this 
sketch. 

William Henry Newhall was educated in 
Saugus. After completing his studies he en- 
gaged in the manufacture of shoes. He is a 
prominent man, and has taken an active part 
in public affairs. In 1852 he was elected 
Town Clerk, and he had filled that position 
for forty-three years when he was succeeded by 
his son. He was chairman of the Board of 
Selectmen and Assessors for twenty - seven 
years, was Ta.x Collector five years, and 
represented his district in the legislature in 
1856. Originally a Democrat in politics, he 
joined the Republican party in i860. He 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



H7 



first married Harriet L. Fisk, of Saiigus. 
She died, leaving two sons: George Francis, 
who resides in Lynn, Mass. ; and Henry L., 
a resident of South Durham, Me. His second 
wife was Lucinda H., daughter of Abijah and 
Sarah (Sargent) Boardman, and grand-daugh- 
ter of Aaron and Mary (Cheever) Boardman. 
The Boardman family is one of the oldest in 
the county, and the house now standing on the 
old homestead at Oakland Vale was built at 
an early day. Mrs. Newhall's maternal an- 
cestors came from Hillsboro Bridge, N. H. 
A cousin of hers was the late Mayor John 
Sargent, of Cambridge, a prominent man in 
his time and a native of that place. Jonathan 
and Sarah (Booth) Sargent, ancestors of Mrs. 
Newhall, were married August 13, 1774, and 
moved from Bradford, Mass., to Hillsboro, 
N. H. Mr. Newhall has been a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for 
fifty-three years, has occupied the important 
chairs of the local lodge, and has represented 
it in the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. 

Elmer Boardman Newhall, the only son of 
William H. and Lucinda H. Newhall, was 
born in Saugus, December 3, 1863. He was 
educated in his native town, and graduated 
from the high school with the class of 1879. 
He then engaged in the grocery and provision 
business in Melrose, where he remained two 
years. At the expiration of that time he 
returned to Saugus; and, having previously 
learned the carpenter's trade, he started as 
a contractor and builder. He is now conduct- 
ing a profitable business in that line, and his 
work extends to all the adjoining towns. He 
has erected many fine residences in Wellesley, 
Newton, Cambridge, and Lynn, and employs 
from ten to forty men. He is also a manu- 
facturer of finishing material, and operates a 
steam planing -mill for that purpose. For 
many years he assisted his father in the duties 



of Town Clerk. Since he succeeded to that 
office in 1894 he has proved a most capable 
public official. In politics he is independent. 
Mr. Newhall, Jr., is unmarried; and his par- 
ents reside with him at the old homestead. 
He is a member of the Nanepashmet Club, 
a social organization of this town. 



fOHN E. DUSTIN, a prominent manu- 
facturer of machinery in Lawrence and 
a resident of Methuen, was born Jan- 
uary 3, 1836, in Derry, Rockingham County, 
N. H., son of William and Lydia (Corliss) 
Dustin. On the paternal side he is of Scotch 
and English descent. His grandparents were 
Beniah and Sarah (Rowel I) Dustin, of Salem, 
N. PL Mrs. Sarah Dustin was a daughter of 
William Rowell, a Revolutionary patriot who 
fought at Bunker Hill. She and her husband 
are buried in Salem. They reared five sons 
and four daughters, who all reached an age 
between those of seventy-five and eighty years. 
William Dustin, born in Salem, N. H., 
followed the trade of ship-carpenter in 
Boston, Portsmouth, and Newburyport, and 
died in 1856. He was married in 1821 
to Lydia, daughter of Dr. Joseph Corliss. 
Dr. Corliss was married twice, and had 
a family of twelve children. Mrs. Lydia 
Dustin's mother, of French parentage, was 
born on the ocean during the voyage from 
France to America. Lydia was born in 
Windham, N.H., in 1801. She died in 1881, 
and lies buried with her husband in Salem, 
N. H. They had a family of six sons and 
three daughters, namely: William C, now an 
ice dealer in Stoneham, Mass. ; Adelia, now 
the widovv of William Marshall, in New York 
City; John E., the subject of this biography; 
Beniah C, residing in Worcester, Mass., and 
in the baking business; Joseph J. A., a ma- 



248 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



chinist and the siiperintenclent of John E. 
Dustin's shop; Elijah, a farmer in Billerica, 
Mass., who died at the age of fifty-six, leav- 
ing a widow, two sons, and two daughters; 
Susan, who was the wife of William Marston, 
and died in Boston at the age of sixty-four; 
Lydia A., who died at the age of sixty-four, 
being then the widow of Charles A. McGin- 
ley; and Archibald E., who died at the age of 
nineteen. Mrs. Marston left a daughter and 
a son, and Mrs. McGinley left two sons and 
a daughter. 

John li. Dustin was educated in the district 
school and in an academy of his native town. 
He came to Lawrence in 185 1, when he was 
fifteen years old, and began to learn the ma- 
chinist's trade in the works of Aratus Blood, 
a wealthy locomotive manufacturer, now of 
Manchester, N. H. Having served an appren- 
ticeship of three years, he was subsequently 
employed for two years in the locomotive 
works of Seth Wilmarth in Boston, and then 
returned to Lawrence for a while. In 1871 
he went to Whitefield, N. II., where he was 
connected for five years with the Brown Lum- 
ber Company as master mechanic. In 1876 
he started his present business in Lawrence, 
at 30 Adams Street; and in 1893 he i)urchased 
the property. In financial matters he has 
been very successful. Starting without capi- 
tal, he has built up a prosperous business, 
which has sometimes amounted to two hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars a year. While he 
has met with reverses, he has never been har- 
assed by debt, and has always paid one hun- 
dred cents on the dollar. He is a stockholder 
of the Merchants' Bank of Lawrence. The 
handsome residence of his family on Prospect 
Street, in Methucn, was erected by him in 
1891. 

Mr. Dustin has been three times married. 
The first marriage was contracted March 15, 



1 86 1, with Harriet J. Thompson, of Solon, 
Me., who died in 1882, at the age of forty- 
eight. She bore him two children: Carrie 
F., a beautiful and lovable girl, who died at 
the age of seventeen; and John Edgar, born 
twelve ycai;s later than his sister, who lived 
but seven days. The second marriage was 
made in 1884 with Mrs. Ellen M. Cummings, 
of Littleton, N.H., the widow of Jonas M. 
Cummings, by whom she had one son. She 
died in 1892, aged forty. On April 18, 1894, 
the third marriage united Mr. Dustin with 
Emily J., daughter of Jerome and Mary (Sar- 
gent) Cross, of this city. Mrs. Emily J. 
Dustin, one of ten children, was born in 
Methuen. Her father, who died in 1880, was 
a farmer in early life, and served for a time 
in the Civil War. Later he had a prosperous 
coal and wood business. A strong Republi- 
can in politics, Mr. Dustin has served on the 
Lawrence Common Council, and is now one of 
the Water Commissioners of Methuen. In 
the Masonic fraternity he has attained the 
degree of Master. He is not a church mem- 
ber, believing that deeds avail witliout creeds. 




SCAR ANDREWS, of the well-known 
firm of Ayer & Andrews, fish dealers 
of Gloucester, was born in Lanesville, 
December 25, 1843, son of Joseph L. and 
Hephzibah (Sargent) Andrews. His first an- 
cestor in this country, Robert Andrews, was 
made a freeman at Ijjswich, Mass., in 1635. 
As Robert was an innkeeper there, it is quite 
probable that he opened the first public house 
or tavern in that town. William Andrews, 
another ancestor, was wounded while serving 
in the expedition against Louisburg, and died 
upon the passage home. Several of the family 
enrolled themselves among the patriots during 
the Revolutionary War, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



249 



Stephen Andrews, the grandfather of Oscar, 
was a native of Essex. He removed to Lancs- 
ville somewhere about 1800, and there married 
Mary Lane. They had four children — 
Stephen, Amaziah, Joseph L. , and Mary J. 
Joseph married Hephzibah Sargent, who was 
a daughter of Henry Sargent and a grand- 
daughter of VVinthrop Sargent. She was a 
descendant of William Sargent, a native of 
Bristol, England, whose son, Epes Sargent, 
was the common ancestor of several distin- 
guished Americans and of the Sargents of 
Gloucester. Joseph and Hephzibah Andrews 
were the parents of two sons and one daughter. 
Joseph H., the first-born, now an Assessor of 
this city, married Martha J. Woodbury, and 
has one son — Edgar W. , who was born in 
1 87 1. Edgar is now in charge of the store of 
the Rockport Granite Company. The daugh- 
ter, Mary O. , married Charles H. Sargent, of 
Reading, who served in the Eighth Regiment, 
Massachusetts Volunteers, during the Rebel- 
lion. He was formerly a civil engineer on the 
Union Pacific Railroad, and is now residing in 
Garrison, Neb. His children are: Joseph S., 
Marianne, Charles R., Helen M., and Grace. 

After receiving his education in the 
Gloucester public schools Oscar Andrews 
entered his father's employ in the fishing 
business, and when twenty-one years old he 
was admitted to partnership. He carried on 
a wholesale fish business on his own account 
from 1878 to 18S8. Then he associated him- 
self with Benjamin Low, a partnership that 
continued until 1894, in which year the pres- 
ent firm of Ayer & Andrews was organized. 
He married Susanna Lane, of Folly Cove, 
Rockport, a daughter of Nathaniel and Esther 
(Sargent) Lane and a grand-daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Sarah Lane. Mrs. Andrews is 
the mother of five children, namely: Will O., 
born in 1870, who married Edith L. Favor, 



has two children, and is in business with his 
father; Josephine, born in 1S72, who resides 
at home; Ralph, born in 1876, who is book- 
keeper for Ayer & Andrews; Esther S. , born 
in 1879; Earl, born in 1895; and Doris, born 
in 1897. Mr. Andrews has long occupied 
a prominent place in the fishing industry of 
this city, and is highly esteemed both in busi- 
ness and social circles. He is a member of 
Constantine Lodge, Knights of Pythias. 




IDNEY F. NEWMAN, a highly 
respected farmer of Newbury, was 
born here, February 18, 1843, ''O" 
of John and Henrietta (Woodbury) Newman. 
The great-grandfather, Captain John Newman, 
died in Guadeloupe at the age of thirty-one. 
Samuel Newman, son of Captain Newman, 
married Phoebe Hale, and in 181 2 moved to 
Newbury from Newburyport, where he had 
kept a store. He afterward bought a farm and 
built the house which is now standing on the 
old estate. Punctuality and vigor were his 
chief characteristics. Subsequently appointed 
the agent for the Eastern Stage Company, 
conducting the line between Newburyport and 
Boston, he was obliged to take up his resi- 
dence again in Newburyport for the period of 
seven years. He was frequently employed to 
settle estates, and he served in the State leg- 
islature for three terms. 

John Newman, the father of Sidney F. , was 
educated in Newbury and at the Bradford 
Academy. His principal occupation was 
farming, and at one time he served on the 
School Committee. He first married Rebecca 
B. Danforth, of Newbury, whose children by 
him were: Edna D., who married Jeremiah 
Allen, a merchant of Newburyport; and John 
H., who married Abby A. Tenney, and has 
two daughters. Mrs. Rebecca Newman died 



25° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



soon after the birth of her secoiul child. A 
second marriage subsequently united Mr. 
Newman with Henrietta Woodbury, of 
Gloucester, who became the mother of Sid- 
ney F. 

Sidney F. Newman was educated at the 
public schools of Newbury. As soon as his 
school days ended he began a farmer's life on 
a farm of three hundred acres. He has de- 
voted most of this property to the production 
of milk, hay, and fruit. He keeps forty cows, 
the milk of which he sells at wholesale to the 
milkmen of the place; and he sends a large 
cjuantity of fruit to market in the season. For 
si.x years he was Selectman, and at the same 
time served on the School Committee. He is 
a member of the I. O. O. F., Quascacunquen 
Lodge, No. 39, of Newburyport; of the Essex- 
County Society and the Amesbury and Salis- 
bury Agricultural Association ; and of the 
Newbury Farmers' Club, of which he was the 
first president. On December i6, 1867, Mr. 
Newman married Mary Jeanette Bayley, who 
was born November S, 1S41, in Pennsylvania. 
Her father, William Bayley, belongs to the 
old Newburyport family which for six genera- 
tions has occupied the old house at the head 
of Summer Street, on High Street. He was 
one of the party that wont in ox teams from 
Haverhill and the surrounding towns, intend- 
ing to settle near Ithaca Lake. He settled at 
Moosic Mountains, near Elk Lake, Pa., taking 
up about one hundred acres of land in a place 
which has since become a noted summer re- 
sort. 

Mr. and Mrs. Newman have had five chil- 
dren — George Edward, John William, Mary, 
Lillian, and Ada Elizabeth. George Edward, 
who is now in California, graduated from the 
Massachusetts Agricultural College at Am- 
herst in 18S8, and spent some years in Utah. 
John William graduated from the Putnam High 



School in Newburyport, and went to Boston in 
1888 to engage in the wholesale fruit com- 
mission business. Mary graduated from the 
same high school in 18S8, from the State 
Normal School at Salem in 1891, took one 
year's course at Radcliffe College, and is now 
a teacher in Detroit Seminary at Detroit, 
Mich. Lillian graduated from the high school 
in 1892, taught f(jr two years in Newbury and 
West Newbury, and has since attended the 
Normal Art School in Boston; and Ada Eliza- 
beth, who graduated from the high school in 
1894 and lives at home, is teaching the lower 
grammar school in Newbury. 




USTIN W. STORY, a prosperous gen- 
eral merchant, the Postmaster of 
Pigeon Cfive, and an ex-member of 
the State legislature, was born February 20, 
1829, in what is now Rockport, son of John 
and Abigail (Walen) Story. The grand- 
father, James Story, who served as a soldier 
in the Revolutionary War, came from Essex, 
Mass., to Rockport when this town was a part 
of Gloucester, and resided here for the rest of 
his life. John Story, father of Austin W., 
was a fisherman during his active period, and 
for many years the master of a schooner en- 
gaged in that industry. He served in the War 
of 1812, and in his later years he received a 
pension from the government. 

Having acquired his elementary education 
in the common schools, Austin W. Story at- 
tended the Liberal Institute at Waterville, 
Me., and studied for one term at the 
academy in Thetford, Vt. Subsequently he 
taught two terms of school. At the age of 
twenty-four he engaged in business at Pigeon 
Move, where he has since resided, having oc- 
cupied his present store for the past forty-two 
years. He has served as a Selectman, Asses- 




AUSTIN W. STOKV. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



253 



sor, and Overseer of the Poor nine years; was 
chairman of the Board of Selectmen one year; 
was a member of the School Board for two 
years; a Representative to the legislature in 
iS6i and 1864; and he has held the office of 
Postmaster for nearly thirty-nine years, hav- 
ing been originally appointed by the Buchanan 
administration. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, and was so at the time of his appointment 
as Postmaster. 

Mr. Story married Frances E. Hovcy, of 
Gloucester, who had five children, two of 
whom are living, namely: Mrs. Edward VV. 
]?anks, of Pigeon Cove; and Mrs. David L. 
Durgin, of Lcwiston, Me. Mrs. Story died 
August 2, 1894. Mr. Story is one of the best 
known men in this section, and has had a long 
and successful business career. He is con- 
nected with Ashler Lodge, F. & A. M., of 
Rockport, and was for thirty years the super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school of the Univcr- 
salist church. 



B 



ANIEL WEBSTER, a popular town 
official of Amesbury, was born in 
Salisbury (now Amesbury), August 
23, 1838. His parents were Ezekiel F. and 
Betsey M. (Low) Webster. His paternal 
grandfather, Daniel Webster, was a merchant 
of Salisbury Point, where he was a lifelong 
resident. 

Azor Webster, son of Azor, Sr. (brother of 
Ezekiel), and cousin to Daniel of the same 
generation, is president of the Amesbury and 
Salisbury Savings Bank. He settles estates, 
makes wills, and attends to other legal mat- 
ters. He was Town Clerk of .Salisbury many 
years, and is a very public-spirited man. He 
married Idaletta True, of Salisbury. His son 
and only child, Alfred C, is treasurer of the 
savings-bank. 



Daniel Webster, the direct subject of this 
sketch, was in the provision business for 
twenty years. On the death of his father in 
1872 he sold out, and since that time he has 
dealt in real estate. He filled the office of 
librarian for some time, and has been trustee 
of Mount Prospect Cemetery fifteen years. 
He is also a trustee of the Amesbury and 
Salisbury Savings Bank. All the Websters 
have been good citizens of Amesbury, and it 
may be truthfully said that Daniel Webster 
has not an enemy. At the election last year 
he received a thousand votes out of thirteen 
hundred. In 1882 he was elected Selectman, 
and spent much of his time in the office in 
the bank. He was Selectman four years in 
Salisbury and two years in Amesbury. He 
has also been a member of the School Com- 
mittee of Salisbury and a Constable. Mr. 
Webster has served as delegate to a number 
of State and Senatorial conventions. He is a 
member of the Village Improvement Society 
and of the Literary and Historical Society. 

On January 5, 1872, he was married to 
Helen M. Collins, of Amesbury. They have 
one child, Annie E., who is attending the 
Russell Home School in Merrimac. Mr. and 
Mrs. Webster are members of the First Bap- 
tist Church. 




HARLES L. AYER.S, a Deputy 
Sheriff and a prominent resident of 
Newburyport, was born in Ports- 
mouth, N.H., January i, 1838. He is a 
descendant from one of the old families of 
Portsmouth. The grandfather, Johnathan 
Ayers, was also born in the same town, and 
was a butcher. His wife (who was a Miss 
Tutherly, of Maine, before her marriage) 
bore him five sons and four daughters. 

Charles W. Ayers, the father of Charles L. 



'54 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Ayers, was the third-born child of his par- 
ents. He received a public-school education. 
In company with a Mr. Roach, under the firm 
name of Roach & Ayers, he was successfully 
engaged in the manufacture of boots and shoes. 
His death occurred when he was thirty-one 
years of age. In religion he was a Univer- 
salist and a prominent member of the society. 
His religious creed voiced itself in his daily 
life through his many acts of benevolence. 
He married a daughter of Samuel Goodwin, a 
well-known citizen of Newburyport ; afid three 
children were born to them, two of whom are 
now living. 

Charles L. Ayers, the eldest child of his 
parents, attended the graded schools of New- 
buryport, finishing his education at the high 
school. Then he went into the provision 
store of Mr. Knight, for whom he worked 
from his sixteenth to his twenty-first birthday. 
Next he became a partner in the firm of John 
L. Knight & Sons, and remained with them 
until 1864. He enlisted in the Third Unat- 
tached Company of Infantry, and became its 
Second Lieutenant in 1863; and on May 3, 
1864, the company was ordered for service. 
In August of the same year, having been 
mustered out at the end of his term of three 
months, he re-enlisted, and was commissioned 
Second Lieutenant of the Fourth Heavy Ar- 
tillery Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, 
which was stationed on the Virginia side of 
the Potomac, in the very heart of the great 
struggle. On July 17, 1865, he was able to 
leave the army; and he then returned to his 
native city. Thereafter he was in business, 
in company with Knight & Sons, until 1870, 
when he was made City Marshal. When he 
had been in that position for a year, he was 
appointed l^eputy State Constable, which 
office he held from 1871 to 1873. Upon the 
death of Mr. Knight, Sr. , he went into the 



provision business with that gentleman's half- 
brother, forming the firm of Knight & Ayers. 
This partnership lasted until 1876, when he 
was again appointed City Marshal. In the 
following year he was appointed on the State 
force as Constable. This he resigned in 
1878, to become keeper of the jail and 
Deputy Sheriff. He entered the militia in 
March, 1866. Elected Captain of his com- 
pany, he served in that capacity until 1874, 
when he was chosen Lieutenant Colonel of the 
Eighth Regiment. In 1882, upon the promo- 
tion of Colonel Peach to the rank of Brigadier- 
general, Mr. Ayers was elected Colonel. 
This rank he held with distinguished ability 
until December, 1885, when he was forced to 
resign on account of ill health. Mr. Ayers's 
political creed is that of the Republican party. 
He has been twice in the Common Council 
and once in the lioard of Aldermen. He was 
a charter member of A. VV. Bartlett Post, No. 
49, G. A. R., and was its first Adjutant. 
For three years he was Commander of the 
Newburyport Veteran Artillery Company, and 
is still an honored member. He is a member 
of Eighth Regiment Veteran Association, 
which he helped to reorganize, and was then 
its Commander. He belongs also to the mil- 
itary order of the Loyal Legion of Massachu- 
setts, and is the secretary and treasurer of 
Company M, Fourth Heavy Artillery Veterans' 
Association. A member of the city fire de- 
partment from 1862 until 1875, he was cap- 
tain of one of the steam-engine companies 
for five years, and the chief marshal in a 
number of parades. Fraternally, he is a 
member of Quascacunquen Lodge, No. 39, 
I. O. O. F. , and of Merrimack Encampment, 
of which he was Chief Patriarch in 1871 ; and 
he is connected with the New England Order 
of Protection. In religion he is a Universal- 
ist. He was married to Miss Adams, a 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



25s 



daughter of Richard Adams, of Newbury, 
Mass., and subsequently to a daughter of 
Joshua W. Lincoln, of Charlestown. By his 
first marriage there are two children : Charles 
W. , who is a telegraph operator; and Edward 
R. Aycrs, an engineer and the day officer at 
the jail. 




ILLIAM N. AMES, one of the 
prominent business men of Ames- 
bury, was born in this town, March 
I, 1858, son of William H. and Dolly Colby 
(Baglcy) Ames. The paternal grandfather, 
Nathaniel Ames, who was born in Parsonfield, 
Me., died when his son, William H., was 
about nine years old. He married Miss 
Stickney, sister of John L Stickney. 

William H. Ames, a native of St. Andrews, 
N. B. , learned the carpenter's trade in Haver- 
hill, Mass., and was subsequently in the em- 
ployment of Robert Morrill for a number of 
years. In 1856 he moved to Amesbury, where 
he worked at carpentry and in the Mcrri- 
mac hat factory. He eventually started in 
the manufacture of boxes, and built up an 
extensive business, furnishing all the boxes 
for the Merrimac Hat Company and the Bailey 
Hat Company, of Ncwburyport, for some time. 
In 1872 the former company began to make 
their own bo,\cs, and the other company finally 
closed up their business. The loss of two of 
his best customers having made a serious defi- 
cit in the accounts of William H., he started 
in the coal business in 1880, establishing a 
yard at Bailey's Wharf, at the ferry. This 
venture of his, which became increasingly 
profitable, has now flourished for nearly twenty 
years. He was on the School Board for a 
number of years, and he was in the legislature 
in 1870. A member of Warren Lodge, 
F. & A. M., he is a charter member of Tim- 



othy Chapter, R. A. M., and is a Knight Tem- 
plar of Ncwburyport Commandery. He also 
belongs to Powow River Lodge, I. O. O. F. 
He was at one time a Knight of Honor. His 
wife was a daughter of William H. Bagley, 
of Amesbury, who lived at "Hackett's, " made 
famous by Whittier. Mr. Bagley was a char- 
ter member of Warren Lodge, of Amesbury. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ames had two children: Will- 
iam N., the subject of this sketch; and Hor- 
ace T. , born November 22, 1S72. The latter, 
a graduate of the Amesbury High School, is 
in business with his brother. 

William N. Ames was educated in his na- 
tive town, completing his studies in the 
Amesbury High School. He early became 
associated in business with his father, and was 
in control of the box business until within a 
few years. Since 1887 he has been a member 
of the firm of W. N. Ames & Co., manaeins 
the coal trade. The company carries about 
five thousand tons of coal per annum, which is 
shipped directly frcm New York to the yards 
at Amesbury Ferry; and it has a number of 
delivery teams. Mr. Ames is a charter mem- 
ber of the Amesbury Co-operative Bank, and 
has the first book issued by that institution. 
He has been a member of several political 
committees, and has served as delegate to 
a number of conventions. A Mason in good 
standing, he belongs to Warren Lodge, 
F. & A. M., Trinity Chapter and Amesbury 
Council. He is a charter member of Josiah 
Bartlett Lodge, O. U. A. M. ; and he is con- 
nected with Wonnesquam Yacht Club. 



^|KV. JOHN WESLEY ADAMS, a 
supernumerary of the New Hampshire 
Methodist' Episcopal Annual Con- 
ference, is an esteemed resident of Methuen, 
Mass., his pleasant home being at the corner 




2s6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of High and Gage Streets. He was born May 
23, 1832, in Townsend, Middlesex County, 
Mass., son of John and Mary (Taggart) 
Adams, Jr. 

The branch of the Adams family to which 
he belongs is that founded by Henry, of Brain- 
tree, the roll of whose posterity includes 
among other distinguished names two Presi- 
dents of the United States and the stanch 
patriot, Samuel Adams. 

Henry Adams came from England with his 
eight sons probably between 1630 and 1634, 
and settled at Braintree (now Quincy), where 
he died in 1646. Joseph, born in 1626, sev- 
enth son of Henry, resided in Braintree. He 
married Abigail Baxter, and was the father of 
Joseph, Jr., who by his second wife, Hannah 
Bass, had a son John, born in February, 
1691-2. This John Adams, grandson of the 
first Joseph, was the father of President John 
Adams. 

From Henry of Braintree the Rev. John W. 
Adams of Methuen thus traces his descent: 
Henry'; Joseph'; Jonathan,' born in 1671; 
Jonathan,' born in 1725, died in Lunenburg, 
June 17, 1813; Jonathan, 5 born at Lunenburg 
in 1759, died in December, 1S43; John 
Adams, Sr.,*" born in Lunenburg, April 5, 
1782, died in Townsend, Mass., December 
20, 1845; John Adams, Jr.,M3orn in Lunen- 
burg, October 5, 1807, died in Chelsea, Mass., 
Novemher 9, 1889. Jonathan Adams-'wasa 
soldier in the Revolutionary War. At one 
time he owned one African slave. 

John Adams, Sr. , was a prosperous lius- 
bantlman, and accumulated considerable prop- 
erty for his time. He married Mary Russell, 
who was born in Townsend, December 24, 
1785, and died August 31, 1855. They had 
fifteen children, twelve of whom grew to adult 
life and married, namely: Thomas, jjorn 
March 11, 1805; John, Jr.; Sophia, born 



June 2, 1809, now deceased; William, born 
February 28, 181 1, who was for many years a 
Captain in the State militia, and who died in 
Minnesota, December 2, 1895; Mary, born 
June 28, 1 81 3, now the widow of Asa Tyler 
and living in Townsend; Lovisa, born June 
15, 1 81 5, now deceased; Eli, born July 7, 
1817, who died in Townsend in 1897; Eri, a 
twin brother of Eli, residing in Townsend; 
Plooma, born June 19, 1819, who lives in 
Minneapolis, Minn. ; Fannie, born September 
27, 1821, now deceased; James, born January 
12, 1825, now deceased; and Stephen, born 
January 2, 1827, who resides in Lunenburg. 

John Adams, Jr., learned the cooper's trade 
in his youth, but on removing to Boston was 
there a pressman in a newspaper office. 
Going thence to Temple, Me., he was at first 
foreman in a printer's establishment and 
afterward a merchant. In 184S he opened a 
boarding-house in Lawrence, Mass., and at the 
same time bought ten acres of land on Clover 
Hill as an investment. Selling later at an 
advantage, he built a house on Newbury 
Street, where he lived until his removal to 
Chelsea, when he bought a fine residence, 
which he occupied until his death, of la 
grippe, as above mentioned. His wife nine 
days later succumbed to the same disease. 
Her maiden name was Mary Taggart. She 
was born January 28, 1808, in Goffstown, 
N.H., a daughter of John and Hannah (Hawcs) 
Taggart. Her parents subsequently removed 
to Temple, Me., where she was married to 
John Adams, Jr., October 7, 1S30. They 
reared but two of their five children, namely: 
John Wesley, the direct subject of this sketch ; 
and Lucy I'.Ivira, wife of I-'rank A. Hardy, 
station agent at Amherst, Mass. 

John Wesley Adams in his boyhood at- 
tended first the Oliver Grammar School and 
then the high school in Lawrence, Mass., and 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



257 



at the age of eighteen years began life for 
himself as a clerk in a Lawrence bookstore. 
He was afterward employed in Lowell as an 
assistant in the office of the Daily News, later 
being engaged in the grocery business with 
his uncle, the Rev. John Taggart, a retired 
Methodist minister. In 1S57 Mr. Adams, 
having determined to devote himself to the 
ministry of the gospel, assumed the pastorate 
of the Methodist Episcopal church at Rye, 
N.U. He has since continued in the work 
with the exception of two years, 1889 and 
1890, when he travelled extensively in foreign 
countries. He visited England, Scotland, 
Wales, and Ireland, from whence his mother's 
family, the Taggarts, came to New England, 
they having been Scotch-Irish Protestants; and 
he also went to Greece, Palestine, Egypt, 
France, Italy, Belgium, and Switzerland. 

On the breaking out of the Civil War Mr. 
Adams was active in securing enlistments, ad- 
dressing many meetings for that purpose, and 
fanning the flames of patriotism wherever he 
went. December 5, 1S63, he was commis- 
sioned chaplain of General Gilman Marston's 
original command, the Second New Hamp- 
shire Volunteer Infantry, otherwise known as 
"The Fighting Second," and immediately 
joined his regiment, which was then guarding 
the rebel prison camp at Point Lookout, Md. 
He served until December, 1865, and not 
only performed his sacred duties in the camp, 
but was under fire in every battle in which the 
regiment was engaged and frequently at the 
extreme front. As a mark of appreciation of 
his services in the army he has a testimonial 
written on parchment, with the signatures of 
the officers of his regiment, headed by that of 
the Colonel, J. N. Patterson, who was then 
Brevet Brigadier-general. This testimonial 
speaks not only of his faithful chaplaincy, but 
of his soldierly bearing, his valor in action, 



his sympathy for the sick and wounded, his 
personal character, and the eminent respect 
and affection in which he was held by the 
officers and men. Since the war he has been 
in yearly demand on Memorial Days, giving 
lectures and making camp-fire speeches. In 
1S83 he was the poet of the Veterans' Re- 
union at Weirs, N. H. Aside from his regu- 
lar pastoral duties he devotes some time to 
literary work, and has written some poems of 
more than average merit, including one very 
humorous and taking one, entitled "The Nile 
Mosquito," which was read by a scholarly 
critic at a public dinner in London, and pub- 
lished subsequently in Zion s Herald of Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

For four years Mr. Adams was Presiding 
Elder of the Concord District of New Hamp- 
shire Conference, and in 1876 he was a dele- 
gate to the General Conference. He was sec- 
retary of the Committee on Personal Statistics 
for his conference for thirty consecutive years, 
and for twenty-two years was a trustee of the 
New Hampshire Conference Seminary and 
Female College, the last twenty years being 
also president of the board. He belongs to 
the Colonel Green Post, No. 100, G. A. R., 
and is now department chaplain of the New 
Hampshire Union of the Veterans' Union. 
He likewise belongs to the military order of 
the Loyal Legion of the United States, and is 
a member of the Massachusetts Commandciy, 
K. T. , also of the local grange. 

The Rev. John W. Adams has twice mar- 
ried. On February 20, 1854, he married in 
Lawrence, Mass., Rebecca Hardison. She 
died December i, 1857, leaving two children, 
namely: John F., who was killed at the age of 
fifteen years by the cars; and Mary Estelle, 
now widow of the late R. I. Stevens and 
mother of four children. On August 24, 
1858, Mr. Adams married Lydia M. Tref- 



2S8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



cthoii, of Rye, N.ll. 'Iwci of the five chil- 
dren Ixirn to Mr. and Mrs. Adams died in 
infancy. The three now living are: Lydia 
Viola, wife of Lewis H. Fos.s, of Rye, N. H. ; 
Wilbur Fisk Adams, a merchant tailor in 
Denver, Col., who is married and ha.s one 
daughter; and Charles Wesley Adams, M. D., 
a physician in Franklin, N. H., and the pres- 
ent Mayor of the city, who is married and has 
two children — Ruth and Charles Wesley 
Adams, Jr. The Doctor's son, it will be 
noted, is the only male representative in his 
generation of his grandfather's family. 




"REDERICK W. KORH, an enterpris- 
ing and prosperous business man of 
Lawrence, was born March 5, 1845, in 
Saxony, Germany, which was also the birth- 
place of his father, Charles Korb. Charles 
Korb, who was born in 18 19, was until 1862 
engaged as a baker in Saxony. In that year 
he came to America, and located in Philadel- 
phia. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Adeline Spenler, remained in the Fatherland 
until 1866, when she, too, crossed the ocean, 
and joined him in Philadelphia, where he had 
established a good business as a baker. Their 
four children are: Frederick W. , the subject 
of this sketch; Mrs. Augusta West, of Law- 
rence, and Emily Kretzchmar, twins; and 
Emil B. , who also resides in Lawrence. 

Frederick W. Korb served in the German 
army for fifteen months. At tlie battle of 
Koniggrjitz, July 3, 1866, he was twice 
\vo\mded by bullets, one of which penetrated 
his left leg, and once by a bayonet thrust. 
In 1867 he came to America, going directly to 
Philadelphia, and there worked at the baker's 
trade with his father. In 1869 he started in 
business as a baker on Chestnut Street, Law- 
rence, where he continued for fifteen years. 



In August, 1SS2, he bought three acres of 
land, on which was the house in which he now 
lives. In a short time he built a bakery on 
the corner of Ferry and Prospect Streets. He 
subsequently erected other houses, and has 
now a two-and-a-half-story dwelling, four cot- 
tages on Berkeley Street, besides tenement 
houses. He has in all eleven tenements, 
which bring him in a handsome annual in- 
come. Also he has considerable stock in a 
brewery which was established on the South 
Side in i S96. 

In politics Mr. Korb votes independent of 
party restrictions. Fraternally, he is an Odd 
Fellow. Both he and his wife worship at 
the Presbyterian church. Mrs. Korb, whose 
maiden name was Frederika Petzold, has 
reared two children, namely: Alma, who mar- 
ried Edward Claus, of Lawrence, and died 
in 1893, leaving one daughter; and Olga, who 
is the wife of Alfred Schlcgel, of Lawrence, 
and has one son and two daughters. 



'sitOSEPH STOWELL, one of the oldest 
business men of Lawrence, was born 
in Grantham, Sullivan County, N.H., 
April 10, 1824, son of Amisa and Betsey 
(Spalding) Stowell. His grandfather, Eben- 
ezer Stowell, was in the American army dur- 
ing the entire Revolutionary struggle, and was 
honorably discharged at the close. Ebenczer 
was a well-to-do farmer of Grantham. His 
wife, who survived him many years, was over 
ninety at her death. Both were buried in the 
Grantham cemetery. They reared five sons 
and one daughter. Some of their children 
settled in Michigan and other Western States. 
Amisa Stowell, who was born near his son's 
birthplace in Grantham, and was princi]ially 
occupied in farming in that town, died in 
1858. His wife, who was horn in 1794 in 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



259 



Plainfield, N.H., a town adjoining Grantham, 
and was left an orphan at an early age, died 
in 1854. They reared a family of six sons 
and four daughters, who all married. These 
were : Sylvester, the eldest, now about four- 
score, who is a farmer of Unity, N.H. ; Whit- 
ney, who died in Acton, N.H., when about 
seventy-three, leaving a wife and two daugh- 
ters; Lucinda, who was the wife of Albert 
Harlow, and died at the age of forty; Joseph, 
the subject of this sketch; Martha, who died 
unmarried in 1851; Emelinc, the wife of 
Henry Hughey, in Springfield, Vt. ; Caroline, 
who was the wife of Henry Adams, of Spring- 
field, Vt., and died in 1896, aged about sixty; 
S. Austin, who has been working in his 
brother's place of business in this city forty 
years; DeWitt Clinton, who died about i860, 
leaving two daughters; and George H., a 
hardware merchant in Claremont, N.H., who 
has a wife and one daughter. 

Joseph Stowell remained on his father's 
farm until about eleven years old. From that 
time until he reached the age of twenty he 
was on the farm of Oliver Burr, the husband of 
his father's only sister. He then worked for 
two years in a bobbin shop at Acton, N.M. 
In March, 1846, he came to Lawrence, where, 
having acquired some experience in harness- 
making with his brother, he worked in a har- 
ness shop for a month. He then purchased 
the stock of his employer, whom he then em- 
ployed both as a workman and an instructor for 
himself in the trade. The shop was on the 
corner of Haverhill Street and Broadway. 
Five years later Mr. StowcU moved to Ames- 
bury Street, near Essex, where he also re- 
mained five years. Early in the fifties he 
effected his first purchase of real estate, pay- 
ing eleven hundred dollars for a lot thirty-five 
feet front by ninety-three feet deep. To tliis 
land he mc^ed his building from Amesbury 



Street. In 1S65 he added carriage-making to 
his harness work, and built a three-story 
frame structure, ninety-three by twenty-three 
feet, which he still occupies. Adjoining the 
building is his harness shop, 311 Common 
Street, which he purchased about 1S75. His 
buildings now extend for seventy-five feet 
front on one side of the street and for fifty 
feet front on the other, where are the livery 
stables. One of these lots he purchased in 
1870, the other in 1879. The stable on the 
north side, a frame structure erected by him- 
self, is eighty-seven by ninety-three feet. 
The other, a brick building, was on the land 
when he purchased it. He started in the liv- 
ery business in 1862 with a stable on Jack- 
son Street, near Essex Street, which is now 
owned and managed by Orville L. F. Stowell; 
and in 1867 he opened a large stable on Com- 
mon Street, of which he had control some 
twenty years, selling it in 1S87. He has 
owned fully one hundred horses, including a 
good stock horse. In 1866 he purchased his 
pleasant home on Tower Hill, at 29 Forrest 
Street, corner of Crescent. 

On October 15, 1849, Mr. Stowell was mar- 
ried to Miss Jane Nesmith, of Londonderry, 
N. H., who died without issue in 1852. In 
1855, March 16, Marion, daughter of William 
and Hannah (Boyce) Dickey, of Londonderry, 
N.H., became his second wife. She has 
borne him three children: Frank E., who 
keeps a livery in this city, resides and carries 
on an undertaking business in Lowell, and 
has one son, Joseph, now eight years old ; 
Hattie E., now the wife of Clarence Will- 
iams, a commercial traveller of New York 
City; and Orville L. F., who, as already 
mentioned, conducts a livery stable in this 
city, and is married, but has no children. 
Mr. Stowell, Sr., is an independent voter. 
He served on the Common Council in 1890, 



26o 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



although he docs not seek office. He has 
independent views on religious matters, but 
frequently attends church service. Robust 
and active, he is well-preserved, and appears 
much younger than he actually is. A good 
judge of horse-flesh, he loves a fine horse. 



Yp)HANDER M. RASKINS, the piopric- 
|JT tor of nn isinglass factory in Rock- 
-*• — " jiort, was born here, June 20, 1842, 
son of Moses and Betsey D. (Clark) Haskins. 
Ancestors of Mr. Ma.skins nn both sides of the 
family took an active part in the early Colonial 
wars. His father came of old Virginia stock 
of English origin. The grandfather, Bennett 
Haskins, was the first of the family to settle 
in Rockport, locating here in ante-Revolution- 
ary times. One of the patriots who went up 
from Rockport to join the Continental forces 
mustering at Boston, he served eight months 
in the siege of Boston, under General Wash- 
ington, and fought in the battle of Bunker 
Hill. One of his sons, Joseph T. Haskins, 
was a soldier in the War of 1812. 

Moses Haskins, the father of Leandcr M. 
Haskins, was born in Rockport, and passed 
much of his life there. He was a director of 
the Rockport National Bank and a director 
and one of the incorporators of the railroad be- 
tween Gloucester and Rockport. In politics 
he was a Democrat, and he was for a time a 
Selectman of Rockport and a member of the 
School Committee. He died in 1863. His 
wife, Betsey, belonged to the fifth generation 
descended from Daniel Thurston, a soldier in 
King Philip's War; to the fifth generation 
descended from y\bel Platts, who died at tiic 
siege of Quebec; to the third descended from 
Moses Platts, who died of wounds received in 
the siege of Louisburg; and to the fourth de- 
scended from John Pool, the second settler 



upon the Cape. Her death occurred in 1882. 
She was a member of the Congregational 
Church of Rockport. Of the children born to 
her and Moses Haskins, the following attained 
maturity: Moses W. , who died in 1 86g ; 
Martha W., the wife of John N. Choate, of 
Rockport; Jose]ih T. , of Portland, Me.; and 
Leander M. 

Having attended the ]iublic schools of Rock- 
port and Phillijis Andover Academy, Leander 
M. Haskins graduated from Dartmouth in 
1862. While attending school he taught for 
four winters and one spring term. The sala- 
ries so earned and the proceeds of one fishing 
season supplied the funds in part necessary for 
his collegiate course. After receiving his di- 
ploma he was for a portion of two seasons 
engaged under J. Herbert Shcdd, a well- 
known e.\pert in civil engineering. In 1863 
he was appointed clerk in the commissary de- 
partment, and assigned to the Nineteenth 
Army Corps, under Captain William F. 
Young, of Winchester, Mass. In the service 
some si.x months, he was at Port Hudson and 
at Donelsnnville, Miss. A fever contracted 
by him incapacitated him from further service 
for a while. Then from December, 1863, to 
October, 1868, he was employed as clerk in 
the Navy Department at Washington. On re- 
turning to New England he engaged in busi- 
ness with his brother, Moses W. Haskins, 
under the firm name of Haskins Brothers. 
They dealt in all kinds of fish products, and 
had their headquarters in Boston. The firm 
was in existence twenty years. Soon after its 
dissolution Leander M. Haskins disposed of 
all the branches of the business except the 
manufacture of isinglass. The works in which 
this industry is carried on are in Rockport. 
During the busy season fifty men are enqdoyed 
here. The main office is at 10 and 11 Long 
Wharf, Boston. Mr. Haskins is also connected 




LEANDER M. HASKINS. 



k... 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



263 



with a luiniber of financial institutions. He is 
a director of the Faneuil Hall National Bank 
of Boston, one of the strongest institutions in 
the East; and he was a director of the Rock- 
National Bank. He is also a director of the 
Rockport Street Railway. 

In politics Mr. Haskins is an Independent, 
under which designation he was elected to the 
State legislature for 189S and appointed to 
the Railroad Committee. In 1S71 he was 
married to Gertrude Davis, a native of Spring- 
field, Vt. ; and he now has one child, Louise. 
Mrs. Haskins died at the Charlesgate Hotel in 
Boston on January 15, iSgS. Mr. Haskins 
is a member of the Boston Art Club, of the 
Boston University Club, of the Boston Ath- 
letic Club, and of the Boston Chamber of 
Commerce. A Mason in good standing, he 
belongs to Ashler Lodge, F. & A. M., 
of Rockport, and Boston Commandery, K. T. 
He is also a member of Wingaersheek Lodge 
of Red Men, of Rockport. Both he and his 
daughter are members of the Old South Church 
in Boston, as was also Mrs. Haskins. Mr. 
Haskins has a handsome summer residence in 
Rockport, which stands on high land, com- 
manding a fine view of land and sea. His 
business is now so firmly established that he 
is able to take an e.xtended vacation occasion- 
ally. In 1892 and 1894 he visited Europe, 
travelling through the British Isles and over 
a greater part of the • continent. A man of 
pleasing personality, well-read, in touch with 
the times, and a good speaker, he is qualified 
to fill almost any position in public life. 



'OHN HUME, of Amesbury, Mass., an 
old-time neighbor and friend of the 
poet Whittier, of whom he has the ten- 

derest recollections, is a native of Scotland. 

He was born at Greenlaw, in Berwickshire, 



March 20, 1822, and when he was one year 
old he was taken by his parents to Stitchel, 
where he lived until he was twelve. 

His boyhood and youtli were spent in the 
vicinity of places long famed in song and 
story. He served as a tailor's apprentice five 
years in Melrose, close by Abbotsford, and he 
distinctly remembers Sir Walter Scott, whom 
he often saw. Many times when a lad he 
climbed the stairs of the Abbey with the old 
se.xton on a Sunday, to ring the bells. After 
finishing his apprenticeship he obtained a 
situation at Galashiels, where he remained 
five years; and from that place he went to 
Stow, whence every Saturday night he re- 
turned to his home. One evening he was met 
about a mile from his destination by several 
friends of his own age, who were eager to start 
for the United States. The idea pleased Mr. 
Hume, and a week from the following Monday 
he was en voyage, a younger brother taking 
his situation. That was in 1847. Amesbury 
was then a small straggling village, and the 
dam at Lawrence was just being laid out. In 
the mills then in operation at Amesbury the 
hours of labor were from five a..m. to seven p.m. 
in the summer time, and the wages averaged 
from si.xty-seven to seventy-five cents, very 
few employees receiving as high as a dollar 
and a quarter. At the time of the "great 
potato disturbance," the famine in Ireland, 
Mr. Hume applied to ti;e superintendent of a 
woollen-mill for a situation for a friend in the 
carding or spinning room, and the following 
passed between them : — 

"Where are you from?" "From Scotland." 
"You know you are lying: you're from Ire- 
land. Now tell me how many people are 
starving over there." Hume's eyes flashed 
indignantly, and thrusting his hand in his 
pocket (he had a hundred gold sovereigns with 
him) he drew out a handful of gold, crying, 



264 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



"That don't look much like starvation, does 
it?" The superintendent turned around and 
remarked, "You'd better give the young man 
a position." Mr. Hume was employed about 
si.\ weeks in a mill, but did not like the work. 
The superintendent of the mill was anxious 
to get new patterns; and Mr. Hume, who was 
a designer, had drafts of a number of designs, 
which he taught to the operatives. 

In 184S he opened a tailor shop in Ames- 
Iniry, where he managed a successful business 
for nearly thirty years. His back office, 
which he supplied with the leading periodi- 
cals of the day, was a centre for the discus- 
sion of literary and political questions. The 
poet Whittier usually spent an hour or two 
there every day in social chat. Mr. Hume 
early invested in the carriage business, and 
during the depression of 1 871, when he re- 
alized little as a tailor, he engaged with his 
brother in the manufacture. In 1883, the year 
of the big fire, their plant was burned to the 
ground. It was rebuilt as soon as possible; 
but the following year Mr. Hume retired, hav- 
ing soUl out to the firm then known as Hume 
& Walker, who are now managing the business 
under the name of the Hume Carriage Com- 
pany. Mr. Hume, however, still owns a 
woollen-mill in Ohio. 

In 1857 he was married to Helen Jane 
Fielden, a member of one of the stanch old 
abolition families of this section. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hume have two daughters. The elder, 
Isabelle, lives in Ohio, where her father's 
woollen mill is. She is the wife of George 
li. Batchelder, and has four children, two 
daughters and two sons. The other daughter, 
Elizabeth, a graduate of Wellesley, is a 
young lady of high literary and musical attain- 
ments, and is closely identified with the so- 
cial, literary, and musical clubs of the 
village. 



Mr. Hume has no personal political aspira- 
tions, but has often been "the power behind 
the throne" in local movements. In 1848, at 
the special request of the poet Whittier, he 
was a delegate to the first Free Soil National 
Convention, at Buffalo, when Van Buren was 
nominated. Travelling extensively, he was 
frequently in Washington, and was often the 
guest of the great lobbyist, Sam Ward. Mr. 
Hume was in the national capital when the 
attem.pt was made to impeach Andrew John- 
son, and was presented to the President. He 
said: "I am on my way from Ohio to my home 
in Mas.sachusetts. I simply wanted to shake 
hands with President Johnson." "What!" 
said the President, "don't you want anything 
at all?" "No, nothing." "Well, that is 
remarkable. Don't go: sit right down here. 
I want to talk with you." Mr. Hume sat 
down and passed sOme time in pleasant con- 
versation. Mr. Hume was early allied with 
the abolition movement, and with Whittier 
he was closely interested in the underground 
railroad. Many a fugitive slave has sought 
and found shelter beneath his roof. In the 
State legislature as Representative from the 
First Essex District in 1870 and 1871, he was 
prominently identified with several important 
measures before the House. 




AMUEL A. BOYNTON, one of the 
most successful business men of 
Rowley, was born in that town, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1842, son of Henry and Elizabeth 
W. (Chamberlin) Boynton. The Boynton 
family originated with two brothers of the 
name, who came from. I^ngland to Rowley in 
1639. Major Ebenczer Boynton, the grand- 
father of S. A. Boynton, was one of the 
unique characters of his time. He was for 
many years the proprietor of the old tavern 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



265 



on the western side of the common, opposite 
the present Eagle Hotel, which was then 
owned by the Smiths. His characteristic 
tavern sign read: "Major Ebenezer Boynton. 
Take your choice." Report says that a ma- 
jority of travellers chose the Major's cheery 
hostelry. His business was a prosperous one 
for those days, and he was in very comfortable 
circumstances. His seven sons — John, Eze- 
kiel, Daniel, Eben, William, Charles, and 
Henry — all became successful merchants. 
John had three children, namely: John, who 
is engaged as hacknian for S. A. Boynton ; 
Frank, a well-to-do tailor in Haverhill; and 
William, who is also in Haverhill, where he 
owns a large livery and sale business. Eze- 
kiel never married. Daniel left four children : 
Warren, who is in business in Ipswich; 
Charles, residing in Chelsea; Hannah, who 
married Daniel Appleton and lives in Ips- 
wich; and Harriet, who married Daniel Mer- 
rill and lives in Rowley. Eben had three 
sons and two daughters, namely: George, 
who was well known for many years as cap- 
tain of the State police, and died recently at 
his home in Georgetown; Eben, who lives in 
Rowley; John Henry, who is a farmer in 
Rowley; Mary, now deceased, who married 
Moses Dodge and lived in Albany, N.Y. ; and 
Elizabeth, who married Edward Parker and 
lived in Rowley, where she died in 1886. 
William, who resided in Melrose and died 
there in 1S91, besides one daughter, had a 
son, Justin, who lives in New York. Henry 
Boynton left three children, of whom Lizzie 
died nearly twenty years ago. The others 
are: Henry P. and Samuel Augustus, the 
subject of this sketch. The father owned a 
large amount of real estate in Rowley. He 
died in April, 1888. The mother, who was 
the only surviving member of her generation, 
died in Rowley at the age of ninety-one. 



Samuel A. Boynton attended the schools of 
Rowley until he was twenty-one years of age. 
He then opened a livery stable in his native 
place, where he is also extensively interested 
in the manufacturing of heels. Besides the 
hands in his large factory he employs the 
inmates of the Lawrence jail and of the house 
of correction at Ipswich. He also has a 
blacksmith shop, a mail business, a depot 
livery, a leather concern in Boston, a heel 
factory in Dover, N.H., and a skating rink. 
Likewise he carries on a farm of fifty acres, 
on which he cuts from thirty to forty tons of 
hay annually. 

Mr. Boynton has been Tax Collector, Town 
Treasurer, and Selectman. A Mason in good 
standing, he is a member of the John T. 
Heard Lodge, of Beverly Chapter, at Salem, 
and of Aleppo Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 
He is a charter member of the O. U. A. M. , 
in which society he has held office. In 1872 
he married Sarah M. Howe, of Ipswich, a 
daughter of George Howe. Mrs. Boynton has 
made him the father of one son, Augustus 
Bennett, now twenty-three years of age, and 
residing with his parents. 



OSIAH PEABODY PERKINS, an 

agriculturist of Topsfield, was born on 
his present homestead, October 4, 
1832. He is a descendant of John Perkins, 
who emigrated from England to Boston in 
163 1, and located in Ipswich in 1633. John's 
son. Deacon Thomas Perkins, born in Eng- 
land in 1616, married Phebe Gould, also a 
native of England, and in 1638 settled in 
Topsfield, where he died in 16S6. The pres- 
ent farm of Josiah Peabody Perkins was a part 
of the estate acquired by Deacon Thomas. 
His son Thomas, born in Topsfield in 1659, 
died here in 1722, having married Sarah 



j66 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Wall is. Thomas was a man of some note, 
and served on the jury during the witchcraft 
trials. His son Samuel, born in Topsfield in 
1699, married Margaret Towne, and diet! in 
1764. Their son Samuel, born here in 1730, 
married Dorothy Perkins, and died in 18 10. 
The next in descent was their son Elijah, the 
grandfather of Josiah Peabody Perkins. 

Elijah Perkins was engaged in tilling the 
soil during his active period, having inherited 
the original homestead. Born in 1765, he 
married Ruth Fisk, and died in 1851. His 
son, Dudley Perkins, born in 179S, was 
reared a farmer, and resided on the homestead 
until his death, which occurred September 2, 
1879. A man of. much ability, Dudley served 
the community in sundry capacities, includ- 
ing those of Overseer and member of the 
School Committee. In politics he was a 
strong Republican, and he was an active 
member of the Congregational church. He 
married Miss Sarah Perkins, a daughter of 
Robert Perkins. Of his seven children two 
are living, namely: Josiah Peabody, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; and Samuel Webster, of 
Topsfield. The mother died December 2, 
1S74. 

Josiah Peabody Perkins obtained an educa- 
tion in his early days by attending the public 
schools when he was not needed on the farm. 
He subsequently carried on farming, and 
worked at the shoemaker's trade for many 
years. On his part of the old homestead, 
which contains one hundred and thirty acres 
of land, he raises a large crop of hay each sea- 
son, while devoting a section of it to grazing. 
He is especially interested in dairying, which 
he deems one of the most profitable branches 
of agriculture, keeping from ten to twenty 
cows. The large measure of success he has 
met with may be attributed to the practical 
knowledge and experience he gained while 



with his parents. A faithful, law-abiding 
citizen, living in peace with all men, he has 
the respect of the entire community. He is a 
member of Topsfield Grange. 

Mr. Perkins was married August 10, 1854, 
to Miss Phebe W. Towle, who was born in 
Topsfield, Mass., on the ancestral homestead 
of the Bradstreet family, daughter of Samuel 
and Cynthia (Bradstreet) Towle. Mr. and 
Mrs. Perkins have had seven children, namely: 
Mary E., who married first Arthur W. 
Phillips, of Topsfield, and second Edward S. 
Towne, of Chicago, III.; Josiah Fremont; 
Jessie Marion, now the wife of Benjamin F. 
Paige, of Pembroke, Mass. ; a child that lived 
but a brief time; Nellie, now the wife of 
Wilbur Paige, of Manchester, Mass.; Willie, 
who died in infancy; and Alice Lilian, who 
is living with her parents. 



;^AMES M. FAIRFIELD, a capitalist 
and a real estate owner in Lawrence, 
has been actively identified with the 
business interests of this city since early 
manhood. He was born November 16, 1823, 
in Douglas, Mass., which was the birth- 
place likewise of his father, Simon P"airfield. 
His grandfather, Abram Fairfield, married 
Abigail White, who belonged to a prominent 
Uuaker family. Abram died while yet a 
young man, leaving two sons, Simon and 
Reuben. His widow afterward became the 
wife of a Mr. Walling, by whom she had one 
son. 

Simon Fairfield, born in 1801, died at 
South Douglas in 1848. A farmer by occu- 
pation, industrious and honest, he by his 
persistent energy accumulated a considerable 
fortune for his day and generation. In 1820 
he married Phoebe Churchill, who, born in 
1802 in Scituate, died at South Douglas in 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



267 



i860. Of their ten children, eight sons and 
two daughters, seven grew to maturity, 
namely: James M., the subject of this sketch; 
Charles, a speculator and banker in Kansas; 
Enos W., a wealthy ranchman of California; 
Clark, a dealer in grain and lumber in Des 
Moines, la.; Asa C, a retired merchant and 
real estate dealer in Waverly^ la.; John N., 
who resided in Waterloo, la., and died, 
leaving one son and three daughters; and Al- 
bert, who died in Worcester, Mass., leaving 
one son and three daughters. 

James M. Fairfield acquired a good com- 
mon-school education in his native town. At 
the age of nineteen he went to Pascoag, R.I., 
where he served an apprenticeship of two years 
at the machinist's trade. Having spent the 
next year working in Pawtucket, R. I., he 
came to Lawrence in 1848. Here he estab- 
lished himself as senior member of the grocery 
firm J. M. Fairfield & Co., and continued in 
business until burned out a year later. Dur- 
ing the following six years he carried on a 
substantial trade in dry goods. Then he 
changed to ready-made clothing, in which he 
dealt for eighteen years, first located at the 
corner of Essex and Newbury Streets and 
afterward on Essex Street near Lawrence. 
Having previously become somewhat inter- 
ested in real estate, he then retired from the 
clothing business and devoted himself to buy- 
ing and selling realty. His first venture in 
this line was made in 1853, when he bought a 
small cottage on Oak Street. His next was 
the purchase of the lot on which was his Essex 
Street store, and which he subsequently traded 
for a double tenement on Newbury Street. 
He now owns from 413 to 441 Essex Street, 
four brick blocks, containing stores, rooms, 
and offices; a wooden block, 541 to 545 Essex 
Street; and the Fairfield Block, 563 and 565 
Essex Street, a handsome brick structure, five 



stories in height, with a large store on the 
ground floor and fine offices above. The 
last named building was completed in 1896, 
and is considered one of the most desirable 
business locations in the city. In 1885 Mr. 
Fairfield bought his present residence at 339 
Haverhill Street. He also owns the build- 
ings numbered from 404 to 412 Common 
Street, in which there are three stores and 
twenty-six tenements; two tenements at 230 
Tremont Street; and two tenement houses in 
Methuen. A keen, far-sighted man of busi- 
ness, he has acquired this large property by 
enterprise and untiring industry. 

In politics Mr. Fairfield is a strong Repub- 
lican. He is an attendant of the Methodist 
church. Having twice entered matrimony, 
he is now a widower. His children are: 
Agenor D., a bright and active Christian 
woman, living in Methuen, and the treasurer 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society 
of the New Hampshire Conference; Samuel 
M., a Methodist Episcopal minister, at pres- 
ent engaged in the church mission work in 
Tennessee, to which place he went from New 
York City; and William, a resident of Law- 
rence. WillianVs first wife died, leaving 
him two daughters, Anna Marie and Helen, 
who live with their grandfather, Mr. Fair- 
field, and are now attending school. William 
subsequently marriet! again, and by his second 
wife has had one son, James Albert, a sturdy 
little lad of six years. 



f^OHN F. WOODMAN, a successful 
business man of Amesbury, was born 
in this place, March 14, 1840, son of 
Stephen and Sally (Osgood) Woodman. 
Stephen Woodman, whose early life was spent 
in Kingston, N. H., first came to Amesbury 
in 1830, but removed in 1840 to South Hamp- 



268 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ton, N. H. Ill 1S45 he rctuined to Amcsbuiy, 
and' bought a farm at the junction of Winter 
and High Streets, now a busy and thickly 
settled portion of Aniesbury village. There 
he built his substantial residence, now occu- 
pied by his widow and daughter. Besides 
carrying on his farm he conducted a prosper- 
ous meat market. He was president of the 
savings-bank for several years and a director 
of the Powow River National Bank. A lead- 
ing member of the Baptist church for many 
years, he was especially active in its affairs; 
and at the time of his death, which occurred 
in May, 1884, he was a Deacon and its treas- 
urer. With the poet Whittier, he was an old 
Free Soiler and abolitionist. He married 
Sally Osgood, of Amesbury, of whose children 
Stephen F., Ellen, Mary A., and John Fran- 
cis (the last named the subject of this sketch) 
are now living. Stephen F. , who is a general 
agent of the Travelers' Insurance Company, 
corner of State and Kilby Streets, Boston, 
and the president cf the Underwriters' Life 
and ¥\ic Insurance Association,' married a 
daughter of R. W. Fatten,' has two children, 
Willis Patten and Esther, and resides in 
Jamaica Plain. Ellen is unmarried, and lives 
with her mother at the old hoiii'estead. ' Mary 
A. married George W. Osgood, a prominent 
carriage manufacturer, located on Carriage 
Hill, Amesbury. They have a son and a daugh- 
ter, and occupy a beautiful home in the resi- 
dential part of the town. 

John F"rancis Woodman was educated in the 
Amesbury schools and at the Putnam Free 
School in Newburyport. At the age of eigh- 
teen he went to work in his father's market, 
and when twenty-three years of age became 
a partner in the business under the firm name 
of S. Woodman & Son. Since the retirement 
of his father in 1881 he has conducted the 
store. He also succeeded his father as a 



director of the Powow River National Bank. 
Since 1S69, when he joined the society, he 
has been devoted to the interests of the Bap- 
tist church. He was active in the rebuilding 
of the church edifice in 1871, and since his 
father's death he has acted as treasurer. 

In 1863 Mr. Woodman married Vandora 
Rich, of Belfast, Me., who died in 1882. 
She was prominent in church and social cir- 
cles, yet devoted to her children and home. 
Their five children, all of whom graduated 
from the high school, are: Emmerette R., who 
lives at home; Mabel, who married Roland C. 
Eraser, lives in Melrose, and has two chil- 
dren; Myrtie P., who attended school at An- 
dover after graduating from the high school, 
then [)ursued a musical course in Boston, and 
is now at home; Wilton V., who graduated 
from the high school at the age of si.xteen 
years, and is now in business with his father; 
and Ernest L. , who graduated from the high 
school at the age of eighteen, class of 1897. 
In political belief Mr. Woodman is a Repub- 
lican. 



§OHN G. PLUMMER, formerly a suc- 
cessful fish dealer in Newburyport, was 
born there, December 25, 1819. A 
son of Nathaniel and Sarah (Higgins) Plum- 
mer, he is descended from P'rancis Plummer, 
who was born in Wales, at the foot of Snow- 
don Mountain. This ancestor came to Essex 
County with his wife and their two sons, 
Samuel and Joseph, in the year 1635, and 
settled on the banks of the Parker River. 
They were farming people, and bought land. 
Francis built a house, and obtained a license 
to keep a tavern and run a ferry across the 
river. He was the first settler to keej) a 
public house in the eastern part of the State. 
His son Joseph settled on the south side of 




JOHN G. PLUiMMER. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



= 71 



the river, on whnt is now called Newbury 
Neck. Samuel, from whom John G. I'lummer 
is descended, bought land on the north side of 
the river, where he built a house. The sons 
intermarried with the Doles and the Danforths, 
and had many children and grandchildren, who 
grew up and scattered through Maine, New 
Hampshire, and Pennsylvania, becoming law- 
yers, doctors, ministers, traders, and farmers, 
and attaining prominence in their various 
walks of life. Governor Plummer, of New 
Hampshire, is a connection of the family. A 
son of Samuel bought land further u[) the 
river, near the site of the Dummer Academy. 

Nathaniel Plummer, born September 15, 
I 76 1, was twice married. His first bride was 
Mary Greenleaf, born in Newburyjiort, June 
27, 1763, who had si.x children. The latter 
were: Mary Greenleaf, born June 27, 1787; 
Amos, born September 5, 1789; Dolly, born 
December 20, 1791 ; Ebenezer, born Septem- 
ber 3, 1796; and two who died in infancy. 
Ebenezer, the youngest son, who served in the 
United States navy for many years, was with 
Decatur and Hull on the frigate "Constitu- 
tion," and was afterward killed by pirates 
and buried on the island of Juan Fernandez. 
Nathaniel Plummer's second marriage was 
contracted with Sarah Higgins, who was born 
in Augusta, Me., May 24, 1772. ]?y her he 
became the father of eight children, namely: 
Jesse Higgins, born September 2, iSoo; Na- 
thaniel Foster, born August 25, 1S02; Sarah 
Higgins, born March 9, 1805; Nancy Sillo- 
way, born October 20, 1807; Fanny Maria, 
born April 10, 1810; Fmeline, born May 25, 
181 3; Catherine Mariott, born March i, 18 16; 
and John Greenleaf, the subject of this biog- 
raphy. 

John Greenleaf Plummer, the youngest of 
fourteen children, came into the world, like 
all the rest, on the old homestead. He grew 



up an ardent sportsman, being e.xjjert with rod 
and gun at the age of thirteen. At the 
age of fourteen he began to learn shoemaking 
with Eben Rodgers; and a year later he could 
turn out ten pairs of shoes daily, at the rate of 
twenty-two cents a pair. In 1S37, business 
having been dull with him, he tried a fishing 
trip on a mackerel schooner. This life proved 
uncongenial; and on his return he attended 
the Branch Academy, then kept by John R. 
Rollins. His ne.xt effort to earn an honest 
penny was keeping the toll-gate on the turn- 
pike, near the Glen Mills. In 1S3S he was 
able to return to his home and build a shoe 
shop, where he worked at his trade as the 
occasion offered. He also acted as pilot for 
boats going up the river, spending his leisure 
time in fishing and farming on the old place. 
After his father's death in 1840 he sold the 
house, and came with his mother to Newbury- 
port. In this town he worked at shoemaking 
for several years. Then, desiring a change of 
occupation he entered the dress department of 
the James Cotton Mill. Upon leaving this 
position he began to deal in fish, buying in 
Gloucester to supply the market in Newbury- 
port. Competition was strong; but by care- 
ful buying, honest dealing, and close attention 
to business, he outsold his competitors, and 
soon had the route to himself. In 1852 he 
sold his team and removed to Gloucester, 
where he went into partnersln'p with Harry 
Merchant, buying fish and curing and smoking 
halibut. They hired Five Pound Island in 
Gloucester Harbor, and continued in business 
together for three years. At the end of that 
time Mr. Plummer returned to Newburyport, 
and engaged in the business of extracting oil 
from the livers of pollock. Soon after, he en- 
tered into partnership with Eben B. Phillips 
and John Marston, of Boston. This firm is 
alleged to have obtained the best and purest 



27 2 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



coil liver oil in the woiicl. In 1857 Moses 
Stevens joined Mr. riunimer, and in 1S61 
Charles W. Hale was admitted into the firm. 
The three continued in business for several 
years, until the city railroad company bought 
their wharf. They then bought some land 
and built their halibut houses on Victoria 
Avenue. After the death of Mr. Hale, Mr. 
Plummer and Mr. Stevens conducted business 
together until the year 1892, when both re- 
tired. Mr. Plummer was the first to smoke 
salt halibut. He had a large business in this 
commodity, shipping to E. & C. Nickerson, 
of New York, and other parties in Chicago and 
Poston. He also dried pollock, and sold to a 
firm in Portland, Me. This business was 
given up in 1892. He was also in the dry 
fish trade, which he sold out to Tliomas Den- 
nett Aubin, May 10, 18S9. 

Mr. Plummer was married November 29, 
1842, to Clara, daughter of Samuel H. Poore, 
of Newburyport. Born of the marriage were 
two children : Clara Greenleaf, who died 
young; and Catherine Marriott, who married 
Hiram Gilmore Janvrin. Mr. Janvrin is chief 
member of the hardware firm of M. C. Warren 
& Co., IDock .Square, ]3oston, and resides in 
Lexington. He and his wife have two chil- 
dren. Mrs. Clara Plummer died in iSSi. 
Mr. Plummer was an old Free Soiler, one of 
the first three in Newburyport; and he has 
been a Republican since the Civil War. Not 
caring for public life, he has always refused 
oflfice. He joined the I. O. O. F. , but after- 
ward left the society and became a member of 
the J. O. G. T., Mountain Rill Lodge, and 
Sons of Temperance. He is also a prominent 
Red Man. 

Strict attention to business, added to his 
commercial daring and enterprise, has made 
Mr. Plummer one of the most prosperous men 
in his native place. 



;ff]YEREML\II J. DESMOND, a leading 
[iharmacist of Lawrence and the pro- 
prietor of the spacious and well- 
equipped drug store at 565 Broadway, was 
born November 3, 1867, on Park Street, not 
far from his present place of business. His 
paternal grandparents, Patrick and P211en 
(Sullivan) Desmond, emigrated from Ireland 
to America in 1847, and with their seven 
children, four sons and three daughters, lo- 
cated in Lawrence. The death of the grand- 
father occurred in 1877, in the seventy-eighth 
year of his age. The grandmotlier, having 
survived him ten years, died at the home of 
one of her sons in California, when eighty- 
seven years old. After coming to this city 
the four sons — Humphrey, Daniel, Cornelius, 
and Jeremiah — established themselves in busi- 
ness as manufacturers of woollen hats, each cf 
the brothers assuming the charge of a depart- 
ment. Having but limited means to start 
with, they began on a modest scale. With 
the lapse of time they enlarged their opera- 
tions, and became known as particularly suc- 
cessful manufacturers. In 1867, just after 
the insurance on their plant had run out, a 
ilire misfortune befell them. Owing to some 
unexplainable cause, probably incendiarism, 
their factory was burned to the ground, and 
the eighty thousand dollars which by industry 
and thrift they had accumulated vanished in 
smoke. Instead of rebuilding the three 
younger brothers went to California, two 
locating in San Francisco, and the third going 
into business in Los Angeles. 

Humphrey Desmond, born in 1826, was a 
native of Irelaml, where he learned the hat- 
ter's trade. After coming to Lawrence, as 
above mentioned, he was in business with his 
brothers until their factory was burned. 
Thereafter he worked with Mr. Tenney, a 
former competitor, as a journeyman hatter 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



273 



until 1873. In that year he was elected Su- 
perintendent of Streets for the city of Law- 
rence, a position which he had held for twelve 
months when the Republicans came into 
power. From that time until his retirement 
from active pursuits in i.SSj, he was engaged 
in the grocery business with his sons, Patrick 
J. and Daniel E. A man of excellent judg- 
ment, he acquired a large property. In 1859 
he purchased about seven acres of land on Park 
Street, where he built a small house and a hat 
factory. The house, numbered 316, was the 
family residence until 1S81, when the present 
fine residence at 370 Park Street was com- 
pleted. In 1850 he married Ann Halloran, 
who came to Lawrence about 1S45 from 
County Kilkenny, Ireland, with her parents. 
Ten children were born of the union, namely: 
Patrick ]., August 27, 1854, who died August 
10, i88g, leaving a widow; Daniel E., Au- 
gust 3, 1856, grocer and fruit dealer, carrying 
on business at the stand previously occupied 
by his father, corner of Broadway and Park 
Street; Mary Agnes, who died August 19, 
1863, aged five years; Ellen Maria, who died 
July 15, i860, in infancy; Nora Agnes, born 
April 29, 1 86c, who was educated at St. 
Mary's Parochial School of Lawrence, Mass. ; 
Humphrey Joseph, who died in August, 1865, 
aged two years; C. Joseph, born December 
10, 1865, whose education was completed at 
Villanova College, Pennsylvania, and who is 
the junior member of the firm of D. E. & 
C. J. Desmond, grocers and fruit dealers; 
Jeremiah J., the special subject of this sketch; 
Mary M., born May 27, 1S69, who was grad- 
uated from the Lawrence High School, class 
of 1889; and Margaret E. , born May 3, 1871, 
who, after graduating at the Lawrence High 
School, class of 1891, became a pupil of the 
Academy of the Sacred Heart at Manhattan- 
ville, N.Y. The father died January 15, 



1888, and the mother on October 14, 1891. 
Having received his early education in the 
Oliver Grammar School of Lawrence, Jere- 
miah J. Desmond took a four years' course at 
Villanova College, Pennsylvania. In 1S87 he 
entered the United States postal service, and 
had been mail agent between Troy and New 
York City for one year when a change of ad- 
ministration deprived him of that position. 
Then he became an apprentice and clerk in the 
drug store of H. M. Whitney. After three 
years spent here, having closely applied him- 
self to the study of drugs, he passed a success- 
ful examination in pharmacy. In the fall of 
1893 he opened a handsome store in the brick 
block erected by the Desmond family, which 
he has since conducted. 

Mr. Desmond resides with his brothers and 
sisters, none of whom are married. An un- 
compromising Democrat in politics, he has 
been actively interested in municipal affairs. 
In 1895 he was a member of the Common 
Council, when, besides serving on some of the 
more important committees of that body, be 
secured the erection of the new engine house, 
and, with the president, John P. S. Mahoney, 
was largely instrumental in making the semi- 
centennial celebration of the city the very 
successful and creditable event it was. He is 
an esteemed member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of the Elks. 



/ ^^^TraNVILLE VV. PETTINGELL, for 
VJ^ I the past sixteen years the undertaker 
of Amesbury, was born at Rocky 
Hill, Salisbury, Mass., July 4, 1854. The 
youngest son of Amos and Mary Pettingell, 
he is a descendant in the eighth generation 
from Richard Pettingell, the earliest settler 
of the name. 

Amos Pettingell, who was a prominent con- 



274 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



tractor and builder, erected many of the best 
business blocks and private residences now 
standing in Amesbury and Salisbury. In 
early life a ship-joiner, he long owned and 
operated a saw-mill at Clark's Pond, which 
was destroyed by fire many years ago. When 
he became an architect he feadily secured 
orders, and was soon given the largest con- 
tracts to be had in the vicinity. He was a 
member of the Salisbury Point Baptist 
Church. At his death he left seven children 
— John S. , Charles F. , Annette L., Roger L., 
Florence H., Mary E., and Granville W. 
The first-born served in the Union navy, on 
board the ship "Young Rover," during the 
first year of the Civil War. Afterward he 
enlisted in the famous Forty-eighth Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Regiment, in which he served 
until the close of the war. Charles F. is 
the general manager of the C. F. Pettingell 
Machine Company, of Lawrence, Mass. An- 
nette L. married William T. Follensbee, of 
Amesbury. Roger L. is in business with his 
brother, as superintendent of the Machine 
Company at Lawrence. Mary E., the wife of 
Worthington G. Paige, resides on the old 
homestead at Rocky Hill, Salisbury. 

Granville W. Pettingell, the youngest of 
his parents' children, was educated in the 
common schools of his native place. After 
leaving school he learned the carriage-trim- 
ming trade, engaging for that purpose with the 
firm of Hume & Morrill in 1874. P'ive years 
later he went into the grocery business with 
Benjamin S. Blake, of Amesbury, a connec- 
tion that lasted three years. Then he re- 
turned to his trade of carriage trimmer. In 
1882, upon the death of Mr. Blake, he suc- 
ceeded to the business, the exclusive control 
of which has since been in his hands. 

In April of the year 1880 Mr. Pettingell 
married P'ronia T., daughter of Deacon B. S. 



and Lavonia (Tucker) Blake. Mrs. Pettin- 
gell has had two children — -Mildred Blake 
and Unabelle Alice. Mr. Pettingell is a 
member of the Powow River Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. ; of the Colfax Lodge of Re- 
becca; of Amesbury Lodge, A. O. U. W. ; 
and of the Amesbury Merchants' Association; 
and the Wannesquam Boat Club. The Vil- 
lage Improvement Society and other organ- 
izations formed for public good count him 
among the most influential members. He is 
well known as a prosperous and energetic citi- 
zen, actively interested in the welfare of the 
town. 



LsjBEN SUMNER, who was for many years 
JQ; a prominent business man of New- 
buryport, was born in that city, 
March 1 1, 1820, son of Michael and Mary (Bart- 
lett) Sumner. His descent is traced to Roger 
Sumner, husbandman of Bicester, Oxfordshire, 
England, who died December 3, 1608. In 
1 60 1 this ancestor married Joane I'ranklin. 
Their only child, William, born in 1605, mar- 
ried Mary West and came to New P^ngland in 
1636, settling in Dorchester, Mass. William 
Sumner became a Selectman in 1637. I-'or 
more than twenty years he was a Commis- 
sioner; and he was a Deputy to the General 
Court in 165S, 1666, 1670, 1672, 167S-81, 
and 1683-86. His death occurred on De- 
cember 9, 1688. Of his six children, the 
eldest was William, Jr., born in Bicester, 
who became a mariner and married Augustine 
Clement, of Dorchester. They had ten chil- 
dren, of whom Clement, the ninth child, was 
born in Boston, September 6, 1671. On May 
18, 1698, Clement married Margaret Harris. 
He lived in Boston, where all his seven chil- 
dren were born. Samuel, the seventh child of 
Clement, born August 31, 1709, married Ai)i- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



27s 



gail, daughter of Samuel Frothingham, of 
Cliarlestovvn, who had eight children. Eben- 
ezer, the fifth of these, born in March, 1742, 
married Elizabeth Tappan, of Newburyport, 
and lived in that city, where his twelve chil- 
dren were born. Michael, the fifth child, 
father of Eben Sumner, was born January i, 
1780. He was twice married, the first time 
to Esther Moody, who bore Iiim two children. 
The second marriage was contracted with Mary 
Bartlett, whose children by him were: Rich- 
ard Bartlett, Mary, Eben, William, Samuel, 
John, Hannah Maria, and Abigail Bartlett 
Sumner. 

Eben Sumner attended the Brown High 
School. When fourteen years of age he ob- 
tained employment in the wholesale grocery 
store of Mr. Wood, remaining there for nine 
years and receiving constant promotions. In 
1843 he engaged in the retail grocery busi- 
ness, locating the following year on Com- 
mercial Wharf with John Wood & Son, im- 
porters. Later he and William H. Swasey 
formed the firm of Sumner & Swasey, com- 
mission merchants in the Calcutta and do- 
mestic trade. In 1853 Warren Currier was 
admitted to partnership, when the style of the 
firm became Sumner, Swasey & Currier. The 
company did considerable ship-building, and 
owned the vessels "Reporter," the "Ex- 
porter," "Daniel I. Tenney," bark "Signal," 
"Sea Dog," and the "Bordeaux." They 
made large importations of salt. In 1871 
E. P. Shaw succeeded Mr. Currier without 
causing any alteration in the firm name. Mr. 
Sumner was the originator and president of 
the Towle Manufacturing Company, manufact- 
urers of silverware. At the organization of 
the First National Bank of Newburyport he 
was chosen a director. He was its president 
from iSSg to the time of his death. He was 
also the president of the Five Cent Savings 



Bank, a director of the Merchants' Bank for a 
number of years, and, having been one of the 
incorporators of the Newburyport Car Manu- 
facturing Company, he was its treasurer for 
the remainder of his life. 

While a loyal Republican and always 
warmly interested in the affairs of the city, 
Mr. Sumner, on account of deafness, did not 
care to become a candidate for office. A quiet 
man and of a religious nature, he was a founder 
of the Whitfield Congregational Church, a 
Deacon of the society for some years, and a 
member of the Executive and Parish Commit- 
tees from 1850. He was widely known and 
respected in the business community, and be- 
loved by a large circle of personal friends on 
account of his many admirable qualities of 
heart and mind. 

His wife, Elizabeth A., is a daughter of 
Samuel Shaw and half-sister of the Hon. E. P. 
Shaw, State Treasurer of Massachusetts, whose 
biography appears elsewhere in this work. 
She has been the mother of five children, of 
whom two are now living: M. Fannie Sum- 
ner, who resides with her mother; and Eben 
Sumner, Jr. Eben married Miss Hattie 
Richard, and has one son, Bertram Dale 
Sumner, who is employed in the office of 
the Electric Street Railway Company of 
Wakefield, Mass. 



OHN ALEXANDER FITZHUGH, 
M.D., a successful physician of Ames- 
bury, Mass., was born in Fauquier 
County, Virginia, December 4, 1854, and is 
descended from the famous old Southern fam- 
ily of that name, of ancient Scottish origin. 

The well-authenticated papers of which the 
Doctor has made a valuable collection, at great 
trouble and expense, trace the line of ancestry 
back to Malcolm I., King of Scotland 943-54, 



276 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



through his daughter Thora. She married 
Sigurd, Earl of the Orkney Isles. Their son 
Bardolph settled in Richmondshire, England, 
and became the powerful Baron of Ravens- 
worth (Scott's "Rokeby," canto iii. p. 75, 
and note). Bardolph was not molested in 
his possessions by William the Conqueror. 
Barker says he possessed various manors in 
the time of the Conqueror. The regular pedi- 
gree is extant from the first to the fifteenth 
generation, traced by Robert Knox, of Freder- 
icksburg, Va. The FitzHugh barony is con- 
tinued seven generations by writ. The direct 
descent ceased in 1508. 

The names of FitzIIugh and HughFitz were 
interchangeable until the thirteenth century. 
The name appears on the roil of Battle Abbey, 
and two of the name signed the Magna Charta 
of 12 1 5. They were leaders in the Crusades, 
1096-1219; were active with the Lancasters in 
the Wars of the Roses, 1455-85. A FitzHugh 
of Ravensworth married the sister of the Earl 
of Warwick, "the King-maker." Hume makes 
him a leader of the rebellion in the war 
against Edward IV., 1463-65. In 1508 the 
estate of Ravensworth and the old baronial 
castle fell to Thomas Dacres (see again 
Scott's "Rokeby " ). Catharine Parr, the last 
wife of Henry VIII., was the grandmother of 
the last Lord FitzHugh, of Ravensworth. 
Almost the last Catholic Bishop of London 
was John a great-grandson of Catharine Parr 
and a son of Lord FitzHugh. In Yorkshire, 
England, near Thorsgill, is the famous Eglis- 
tone Abbey, founded in the reign of Henry 
II., 1133-1189. It still bears reminders of 
the FitzHugh family. At Mortham Castle, 
within a cjuarter of a mile of ancient Greta 
Bridge, between two majestic elms, still stands 
an ancient sculptured armorial monument re- 
moved fnim Eglistone Abbey, which once 
marked the last resting-place of many genera- 



tions of FitzHughs ("Rokeby," canto ii. p. 39, 
published by Joseph Cushing, Baltimore, Md., 
181 3). The name is mentioned by the famous 
Captain James Cook, who was entertained by 
FitzHugh while in Canton, China, for whom 
he afterward named the sound near Vancou- 
ver's Island FitzHugh. Two daughters of 
this famous Virginia family married distin- 
guished abolitionists. 

Of the later generations of FitzHugh, Will- 
iam FitzHugh was baptized at Great Barford, 
England, January 21, 1570. His will, dated 
January 2, 1632, was proved September 25, 
1638. He married Margaret Smith. Their 
son Henry inherited newly erected buildings 
in St. Paul, Bedford [J'irgiiiin Hist. l\lag., 
1894, p. 415). Henry, son of William 
and Margaret, born in 1614, died before 
1684. He was a lawyer, who removed to 
London. By his wife, Mary, he had seven 
children, of whom William, the youngest, was 
baptized January 10, 165 1 (St. Paul's Regis- 
ter). That he was burgess for 170 1-2 is 
reported in the William and Mary Hist. 
Quarterly., 1895-96. He held this position 
at the time of his death. He defended Rob- 
ert Beverly in the celebrated case, when pros- 
ecuted for his refusal to hand the records over 
to the Royal Governor. 

Colonel William FitzHugh was born in 
1650 at "Bedford," England; and his estate, 
now situated in King George County, Virginia, 
was so named. His will, dated April 5, 1701, 
was proved December 10, 1701, in Stafford 
County, which then included King George. 
He emigrated from England to Westmoreland 
County, Virginia, in 1670, married May i, 
1674, Sarah Tucker, liorn August 2, 1663, 
eldest daughter of John and Rose Tucker, issue 
five sons and one daughter. They inherited 
fifty-four thousand and fifty-four acres of land 
in Stafford and Esse.x Counties. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



277 



Of their six children, the second son, Cap- 
tain Henry, was born February 15, 1686, died 
December 12, 1758. His tomb is still to be 
seen at "Bedford," in King George County. 
He married February 24, 1718, Susannah 
Cooke, born December 7, 1693, died Novem- 
ber 4, 1749. She was the daughter of Morde- 
cai Cooke, who patented one thousand one 
hundred and seventy-four acres of land in 
Gloucester County in 1650. Of the five chil- 
dren of Captain Henry and Susannah Fitz- 
Hugh, Major Henry, the second son and third 
child, born September 18, 1723, died in Feb- 
ruary, 1783. He married October 23, 1746, 
Sarah Battaille, of "Flintshire," now part of 
the estate of "Santee, " Caroline County. 
His title, Major, is supposed to have been 
received during service in the Revolutionary 
War; but the records are not complete. 

He had eleven children. The second son 
was William FitzHugh, of "Prospect Hill," 
Fauquier County, who removed from Staf- 
ford County in 1771 (Bishop Meade's "Old 
Churches and Families of Virginia," vol. ii. 
p. 192). He was born in 1750. His will is 
dated February 7, 18 13, and was proved April 
29, 181 7, recorded in the Fauquier County 
Will Book, 181 3-1 7, p. 324. He married 
in 177s Elizabeth Dcadnam, of Gloucester 
County, who died of small-pox about the year 
1777. He married, second, Sally Diggs, 
grand-daughter of Governor Edward Diggs, 
of Virginia; and by her he had nine children. 

Dr. William Deadnam FitzHugh, the only 
issue by the first marriage, and grandfather of 
Dr. FitzHugh of Amcsbury, was born March 
17, 1776, and died May 3, 1838. He was 
baptized by the Rev. William Stuart, of St. 
Paul's Parish, King George County, and was 
reared by his grandmother, Mrs. Sally Battaille 
FitzHugh, at "Bedford,"" the old homestead. 
He was first married October 2, 181 1, by the 



Rev. Hugh Coran Boggs, to Patsie Julia Ta- 
laiferro, second daughter of Colonel Lawrence 
H. and Sally Dade Talaiferro, an old and 
prominent Virginian family. She was born 
May 8, 1782, and died between 18 16 and 
1818, leaving one child to survive her. He 
married, second. Miss Martha Stuart Thorn- 
ton, daughter of Colonel William Thornton, 
of Rappahannock County, and his wife, Mar- 
tha Stuart. The second wife was born about 
1785, died December 19, 1861, and was buried 
at "Elmwood." Dr. William D. FitzHugh 
was a celeljrated surgeon in his day, and being 
ambidextrous was thereby able to perform 
operations with remarkable swiftness and 
skill. By his second wife he had four chil- 
dren — William D., Jr., Francis T., Thomas 
T. L., and George W. Thomas graduated 
in medicine from the University of New York 
in 1848. His diploma is in the possession of 
his nephew, the subject of this sketch. He 
died at Stevensburg, Culpeper County, Va., 
of typhoid fever in 1849. 

George Warren FitzHugh, third son and 
fourth child of Dr. William D. and Martha S. 
(Thornton) P'itzHugh, was born February 12, 
1826. Before the war his estate consisted of 
a plantation, several mills, and eighty negroes. 
He was a handsome man, six feet one inch 
tall, and weighed two hundred and thirty 
pounds. He had great physical strength and 
powers of endurance. He rode seventy-two 
miles on horseback in a single day, to be wit!: 
his command at the hanging of John Brown in 
1859. He possessed a genial temperament, 
and was very popular, being called the 
"Grandfather " of the Black Horse Cavalry, 
though, in fact, one of the youngest men in 
the command. He was a member of the 
Black Horse Cavalry from the time of its 
organization until 1863, when he was honor- 
ably discharged. He participated in the 



278 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



charge at Bull Run and in the battles of Cokl 
Harbor and at Williamsburg. The company 
was merged into the Fourth Virginia Cavalry, 
and during the campaign Mr. FitzHugh was 
under General J. E. H. Stewart at the capture 
of the transports by the cavalry at White 
House Landing, a feat never before accom- 
plished. He was always greatly in favor of 
the Union, but believed that he owed his first 
allegiance to his native State. All his pos- 
sessions were swept away during the war, 
"nothing being left except his hope in 
heaven." He died of heart disease at Grape- 
wood, Fauquier County, March 23, 1873, and 
was buried in the Presbyterian churchyard at 
Greenwich, Prince William County. He 
married first, June 13, 1849, Miss Abbic 
Mayo Thom, the youngest child of Colonel 
John Thom and his wife, Abigail Dellart 
(Mayo) Thom, of Powhatan, seat near Rich- 
mond. She was born at "]?erry Hill," Cul- 
peper County, December 23, 1830, and died at 
Grapewood, Fauquier County, November 21, 
1859. She is buried at I^lmwnod, in the same 
grave with her two youngest children. His 
second marriage was with Miss Elizabeth 
Frances Gray, eldest daughter of Nathaniel 
N. and Sarah Ann (Edmunds) Gray, born 
November 19, 1S40. Their only child, War- 
ren Gulick, was born shortly after the death 
of his fatlier, July 20, 1873. The children of 
the first marriage are as follows: William De- 
Hart, born March 11, 1850, married Elizabeth 
Carter Grayson, who was born October 18, 
1853, and died April 26, 1896; Thomas Cam- 
eron, born November 7, 1851, was lost at sea 
in 1872; Elizaiieth liland, born May 26, 
1S53, lives at Warrenton, Va. ; John Alex- 
ander, December 4, 1854; Anna Blanche, 
born October 25, 1856, died in August, 
1S62, of diphtheria; luigene Mayo, born 
November 16, 185S, died in infancy; 



Henry Thom, born and died November 20, 
1859. 

John Alexander FitzHugh graduated from 
the medical department of the Western 
Reserve University at Cleveland, Ohio, 
March 9, 1880, and on March 10 of the fol- 
lowing year from the Hahnemann Medical 
College in Philadelphia. On August 8, 
1881, he located in Amesbury, Mass., where 
he practised for five years. The years from 
1886 to 1 888 were spent by him in the St. 
Thomas and other hospitals in London, Eng- 
land. Upon his return he practised for a 
short period in Atlanta, Ga. Then, settling 
permanently in Amesbury, he married on July 
II, 1889, Miss Agnes Allen Somerby, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Somerby and his wife, Nancy 
Allen Currier, of Newburyport, in which city 
she had taught successfully in the public 
schools for fourteen years. The children of 
Dr. and Mrs. FitzHugh are: Marion Stuart, 
born June 10, 1890, who died of scarlet fever, 
December 23, 1893; Lena Grayson, who was 
born October 4, 1891 ; and Beulah Thornton, 
born June 25, 1895. 

Dr. FitzHugh is very much intcrestetl in 
genealogical research; and he has in his pos- 
session many manuscripts of interest and 
value, among them being letters written by 
his remote ancestor. Colonel William P'itz- 
Hugh. He has traced the genealogy of the 
Mayo family from Joseph, the grandson of 
William, August 17, 1656, to the present 
time, the ancestry including the names of 
many persons of historic renown, among them 
that of General Winfield Scott, who married a 
cousin of the Doctor's grandmother. Dr. 
FitzHugh is a P'ellow of the Massachusetts 
Medical Society. He has been president of 
the Amesbury Medical Society, of which he is 
an original member; and he still retains his 
membership in the St. Thomas Medical So- 




ALFKKU LANG. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



281 



ciety, of London. He is Past District Dep- 
uty, G. C, of the K. of P. ; Past Thrice 
Illustrious Master, Amesbury Council, Royal 
and Select Masters; and is a member of the 
Povvovv River, I. O. O. F., and Harmony En- 
campment, as well as of the N. E. O. P. and 
of various minor organizations. He is an 
active trustee of the Amesbury Public Library, 
to which he has devoted much time and at- 
tention; and he is also an ex-member of the 
Board of Health, but has steadily refused 
political preferment. 




LFRED LANG, a retired contractor 
and Ijuilder, who by long-continued 
honesty has acquired a competency, 
is spending the closing years of his useful life 
in a well-earned leisure at his home, 279 
Broadway, Lawrence, Mass. He wgs born 
February 12, 1820, in Brookfield, Carroll 
County, N. H., a son of Samuel Lang. 

Thomas Lang, father of Samuel, spent his 
entire life of fourscore and four years in the 
Granite State, where his birth occurred June 
27, 1741- He was three times married, and 
he reared a family of twenty children, the 
eldest of whom was Thomas, Jr., born Febru- 
ary 12, 1766, and the youngest Olive, born 
December 6, 1802. He was a prosperous hus- 
bandman, highly respected for his sterling 
integrity and Christian character. A devout 
follower of the Master, he dedicated his chil- 
dren to God in their infancy, carrying them 
in his arms to the ba]itismal font, the last- 
born, Olive, when he was past si,\ty-one 
years old. 

Samuel Lang was born in Nottingham, 
N.H., October 30, 17S4. He was brought up 
to agricultural pursuits, and made farming his 
life occupation. He lived in different towns 



in New Hampshire in his early days, but 
finally settled on a farm in Brookfield, where 
he died at the age of si.xty-seven years, in 
1 85 1. In 1808 he married Lydia Thurber, 
who was born August 17, 1789, and died in 
1880, aged ninety-one years. They had twelve 
children; namely, William, a daughter that 
died in infancy, Caroline, Henry, Eliza, Al- 
fred, Mary Ann, Almira, John, Clarissa, 
Emily, and Lydia M. William, born in 1809, 
died at Ossipee, N.H., in July, 1836. Caro- 
line, who has never married, resides in Wake- 
field, N.H. Henry died in March, 1894, 
leaving a widow, one son, and two daughters. 
Eliza is the wife of John Churchill, of Law- 
rence. Mary Ann, widow of Isaac M. Clarke, 
lives in Reading, Mass. Almira is the 
widow of Ebenezer Garvin, of Wakefield, 
N.H. Clarissa is the wife of Eben Chapman, 
also of Wakefield, N.H. John is a resident 
of Lawrence. Emily, who married Joseph W. 
Fales, died in middle life. Lydia M., the 
widow of John B. Howard, resides in Wake- 
field, N.H. Both parents were devout mem- 
bers of the Methodist church. The father was 
quite active in town affairs, serving as Select- 
man and in other minor offices. 

Alfred Lang in his early years received a 
good common-school education, and at the age 
of seventeen began working at the carpenter's 
trade. Going to Boston two years later, he 
remained there until 1853, profitably em- 
ployed as a builder. Perceiving the advan- 
tages offered to one of his trade in a new and 
rapidly growing city, he then came to Law- 
rence, which had just received its charter; 
and from that time until his retirement from 
active pursuits he was one of the leading con- 
tractors arid builders of this city. In 1854 
he built a house for himself and family on 
West Haverhill Street, where he lived until 
J 874, when he removed to his present fine 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



residence, whicli he erected at a cost of seven 
thousand dollars, on a lot fifty by one hundred 
feet. 

Mr. Lang is a true Re|niblican in his politi- 
cal affiliations; and, though not an as])irant 
for official honors, he was a member of the 
Common Council one term, an Alderman two 
years, and Supervisor of Public Property for a 
time. 

Mr. Lang and Susan Sims Burleigh, a 
daughter of Ezra and Lucy (Hyde) ]?urleigh, 
of ]5oston, RLass. , were married on April 6, 
1843. They have three children, namely: 
William A., who is cashier of the National 
Bank of Reading, Mass., is married, Init has 
no children living; Susie Maria, a graduate of 
the Lawrence High School and an accom- 
plished pianist, lives with her parents; and 
Albert S., who has succeeded to the business 
of his father, is married, and has two sons — 
Albert W. and Alfred E. Albert W., who 
was graduated from Phillips Academy, An- 
dover, is now in business with his father; and 
Alfred E. is a member of the class of iSgg at 
Phillips Academy. iMfty-five years ago Mr. 
and Mrs. Lang united with the First Christian 
Church of Boston, of which they have since 
been faithful members. 

Naturally endowed with good abilities, Mr. 
Lang has improved his mind by reading, ob- 
servation, and reflection, by e.xercise culti- 
vating literary taste and skill. He has 
written several poems, among others worthy 
of note being one entitled '"A Chri.stmas 
Offering," descriptive of the advent, life 
work, and resurrection of Christ and his 
blessings on mankind. \Vc take pleasure in 
here rejiroducing a prose article from his 
pen, an autobiographical sketch, whose object, 
as he says, "is to show the youth of to-day 
some of the differences between family suc- 
toms and opportunities for mental culture ex- 



isting seventy years ago and those of the pres- 
ent time. " 

I'2arly and Latter E.xperiences. 
by aleked lang. 

In the early part of the nineteenth century, 
upon a farm in a rural town among the Granite 
Hills, there lived a happy couple whose family 
regularly augmented until twelve children 
were born, among them the subject of this 
story. The girls being largely in the ma- 
jority, the boys were necessarily put to work 
at the tender age of seven or eight years. It 
was not uncommon for the writer, at that age, 
to accompany laboring men into the field to do 
light work. There began the early physical 
training which developed a good constitution 
and the capabilities for undertaking many 
arduous duties later in life. 

Many of the customs in those days would 
seem strange in this age of modern improve- 
ments — notably, the method of striking fire, 
which was after this wise: Every well-regu- 
lated family was supplied with a tin bo.x con- 
taining a steel, a flint, and a quantity of 
tinder, the latter being charred cotton or 
linen cloth. By the concussion of the flint 
and steel a spark was thrown upon the tinder, 
which retained the spark until the breath 
could be blown upon it. When it increased, 
a piece of charcoal was added, the blowing 
being continued a few moments until the coal 
ignited, to which was added white birch bark 
or pine cone, and the work was accomplished. 

It sometimes occurred — though never, to 
my recollection, in my mother's family — that 
people would find themselves without tinder 
or fire in the house. y\s tinder cannot be 
made without fire, they were obliged to borrow 
one or the other from a neighbor; but, with 
judicious care, no family was without fire or 
the means to produce it. In warm weather, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



283 



when little fire was needed, a hemlock knot 
buried in live coals and covered with ashes 
proved one of the best means of retaining it. 
In those days people didn't require half the 
artificial heat or clothing that is now needed 
to make them comfortable. A warm room, 
like what we require to-day, was then un- 
known. People had no stoves in their houses. 
One fire in the kitchen fireplace was all that 
was thought necessary, e.xcept on special occa- 
sions. 

I never wore a flannel under-garment or an 
overcoat until I was eighteen years old. I did 
not know that I needed them — in fact, I did 
not, being comfortable without them. The 
same was true of all the other boys in our 
neighborhood. Wet feet every night caused 
no sickness, colds, or alarm. They were a 
common occurrence. We had only to dry 
our stockings at the chimney corner during the 
night, to be all right ne.xt day. Such a condi- 
tion and experiences would to-day be thought 
real hardshij); but they were not then so re- 
garded, neither were they so in reality. The 
thought being assimilated to the conditions 
and circumstances by which we were sur- 
rounded formed the balance which held us and 
made life easy and comfortable. 

Advantages for education were very limited. 
After we were eight or nine years old, two or 
three months' schooling in the winter was all 
that could be allowed, mornings and evenings 
of that time being largely devoted to the care 
of live stock and the preparation of fuel. 

At the age of eleven and one-half years I 
began to mow, and one year later could per- 
form such work with comparative ease. Much 
of the field work, such as driving oxen from 
pasture, yoking and driving them with hay 
rigging into the field, loading and stowing hay, 
spreading, raking, etc., could be done by a 
well-trained boy of thirteen or fourteen about 



as well as by a man of mature years. Such 
was my experience up to the age of thirteen 
and one-half years, when father told me that 
I must go from home and learn the trade of a 
carpenter. This matter had previously been 
talked up in the family, though until then I 
had had no knowledge as to the proposed time 
of departure. That night there appeared the 
fairy-land and castles built especially for me, 
I little dreaming the realities held in store for 
me by the future. 

On the morrow, with a bundle of clothing, 
on foot, I left home to go to my new work, 
ten miles distant. The house being reached, 
I was kindly receiveil ; but all was new to me, 
and for the first time I realized that there is 
"no place like home." When night came, 
I remembered that I had placed myself ten 
miles from father, mother, and baby. How 
twenty-four hours can change the visions of a 
child! Tears plenty, but castles few! Yet 
these experiences of the rough side of life had 
better come to us too early than too late. 

The first work given me was trimming limbs 
from small felled trees on a piece of burned 
ground, and putting them in jiiles convenient 
for loading on the team wagon. Not much 
"carpentering" about that job, which lasted 
about one week! The ne.xt job was sawing 
and planing not less than fourteen hours per 
day. When hours by daylight were short, we 
had the light of one tallow candle supplied, 
lamp oil not being in use with us. In those 
days a power planer or a circular saw was un- 
known, the hard work of planing and sawing, 
now done by machinery, then being executed 
by hand. 

When leave was granted to visit home, the 
fact of there being neither cars, stage, nor 
horse available afforded no barrier. Few 
horses could cover the distance quicker than 
I could by cutting across lots. Fences were 



2S4 



BIOGRAPHICAL RKVIEVV 



no more a hindrance to a boy than to a fox or 
a clog. Thus I bounded over hill and dale like 
a roe, touching ground, much of the way, 
about once in four or five feet. The joy of 
reaching home was sufficient inspiration not to 
believe myself tired. 

During one very severe winter, the snow 
being four feet deep, we had no fuel except as 
I drew it on a hand sled. Oxen couldn't be 
driven iiito the woods, but the snow was hard 
enough to bear the weight of a boy and his 
load. So I was assigned the job of drawing 
for my master's family the wood already pre- 
pared for the fireplace. It did not occur to 
me that I was undergoing any hardship. I 
knew that we must have the fuel, and that I 
coidd not do the work my master was doing, 
so cheerfully supplied the place of a beast of 
burden. I possessed a physique equal to the 
task, and no bad results came of it. 

During that winter, also, there came to my 
master's family an addition, which necessi- 
tated changing my sleeping-room from a fin- 
ished bedroom to an unfinished, open chamber, 
where not only daylight but snow could freely 
enter through the boarding of the walls of the 
house. With the thermometer registering ten 
degrees below zero, to sleep alone and be com- 
fortable under such circumstances would to-day 
be thought impossible; but such was my ex- 
perience. It did not then appear a hardship, 
nor was I conscious of suffering, though a boy 
having a constitution less vigorous evidently 
would have suffered under such exposure. 

As years rolled on, we busied ourselves 
building houses ami barns in summer, win- 
dows, sleighs, and furniture in winter. When 
I was seventeen years old my master died, 
cutting short the term of my apprenticeship 
two and one-half years. Yet I was sufficiently 
skilled to carry forward some unfinished work, 
as well as some not yet begun. Thus early in 



life I was largely thrown upon my own re- 
sponsibility. 

In the year 1837 I went to Watertown, 
Mass. ; but, that being the year of the great 
financial panic, work was suspended, and I re- 
turned home to pursue my calling as best I 
could, at fifty-eight cents per day. At this 
rate of compensation I executed far more work 
than is now performed at two and one-half 
dollars per day. 

In the light of this last statement can be 
seen something of the changed condition 
brought to a skilled mechanic by the last fifty- 
five years. In 1S38 skilled house carpenters 
commanded one dollar and fifty cents per day 
of twelve hours. In 1893 the same class of 
mechanics command three dollars per day of 
nine hours. Articles of food now average as 
cheap as then, and clothing averages fifty per 
cent, cheaper. Yet fifty years ago strikes 
were unknown, while to-day a spirit of dis- 
satisfaction and unrest seems to rule the work- 
ing-man. 

In 1838 I engaged work for the season in 
Newton, Mass., at eighteen dollars per month 
and board. The following year, believing I 
could there find my level, I went to Boston. 
Though at this time little more than nineteen 
years of age, I was obliged to measure both 
strength and skill with those of mature age 
and large experience. My first venture came 
in the form of a contract to finish (nie hundred 
doors and work all the mouldings by hand, 
myself. On this job I cleared about the aver- 
age day pay. Next I took a similar job, on 
which I cleared two dollars per day. This 
brought me to the front, when I found no diffi- 
culty in commanding the full pay of a skilled 
workman. 

One sight made a deep and lasting impres- 
sion upon me, namely: it was not unusual for 
old men to call from shoj) to shop in search of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



285 



employment or to go through the streets with 
heavy boxes of tools upon their shoulders. 
Witnessing these sights, altogether new to me, 
brought me face to face with some of the reali- 
ties of my calling, as well as with some of its 
possibilities. It was then and there that I 
resolved that old age should not find me in 
that situation, that the race for success 
began in the determination not to recognize 
f a i hi re. 

Since leaving the parental roof I had been 
under scarcely any restrictive influence, except 
that of the good seed sown during childhood's 
years by pious parents. Now there came to 
my assistance an older sister, who not only 
looked after every detail of my clothing, but 
took care to know my associates, and that I 
accompanied her to church every Sabbath. 
No one else can supply the place of an older 
sister to a younger brother in a great city. 

This period of my life brought me face to 
face with my first great responsibility; namely, 
that of providing a home for my parents, who 
did not own the farm upon which they lived 
nor the live stock thereon. It can hardly be 
understood how parents could respectably rear 
eleven children under such circumstances, yet 
such is the fact. When, owing to the infirmi- 
ties of age and other reasons, it became evi- 
dent that our parents must leave the old home, 
an older brother and sister and myself resolved 
to buy them a farm and lightly stock it. 
Though the sum jointly possessed was less than 
five hundred dollars, we agreed to pay eighteen 
hunilred for our farm. Going into debt proved 
a great incentive to activity and economy. 

This enterprise cost me the first thousand 
dollars of my spare earnings, never to return in 
kind, though it did return many fold in bless- 
ings. We must at some time part with all 
things material, but the fruition of a good act 
is that which we can forever keep. 



Early discovery that the largest share of the 
purchase money must be paid by myself proved 
an incentive to hjok for business offering 
greater inducements than journeyman's wages. 
Within the next six months I had two oppor- 
tunities to enter into a copartnership with ex- 
perienced builders. One of them came from 
a poor man who had a daughter, the other from 
a rich man who had no daughter. I chose the 
former, and in due time we formed the copart- 
nership. 

Within two years, with the daughter afore- 
said I entered into another copartnershij) 
which continues to this day. Fifty years, with 
never a thought of dissolution ! In making the 
choice of my second partner, I builded better 
than I knew. The result has proved a good, 
triie, loving wife and mother, who has well and 
truly filled every office in her sphere. Three 
children, two sons and a daughter, also came 
to brighten our home, all being now full grown 
and living within easy access of us. The first 
copartnership was successful, but the second 
has proved a greater success, though, upon en- 
tering it, I soon found that I had assumed still 
greater responsibilities, which meant to me 
only greater incentives. About all the spare 
money I had earned thus far had been appro- 
priated toward paying for the farm and stock 
for my parents. Our first contract, to furnish 
material and build two houses, afforded but 
small margin; while the nevt_ to build two 
more, by reason of failure of the owner 
afforded still less. If the wind favored, the 
tide did not, and vice versa; but the ship still 
obeyed the helm. My partner was a skilled 
builder, yet lacked on many points essential to 
success. Early discovering this fact, I set 
myself to work to supply those essentials 
wherein he was lacking. By reason of the 
failure above mentioned, in order to secure 
ourselves, we were obliged through process of 



286 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



law to take possession of the real estate last 
built upon and sell it at auction. After 
[laying all debts, we found ourselves again 
scarcely more than square with the world. 

Those early experiences and conflicts, seem- 
ingly hard to meet victoriously, nevertheless 
proved some of the most valued lessons of my 
life. True manhood and womanhood are never 
developed on "flowery beds of ease": there- 
fore the conflicts of life have their uses. 
Having learned to wrestle with some of the 
harder problems of a business life, though 
without capita], I resolved upon another and 
bolder step forward ; namely, the purchase of 
a lot of land and the erection of a house for 
myself. This I accomplished by employing 
masons, slaters, painters, etc., whom I could 
pay with my work and material bestowed upon 
their houses, thus weaving the carpenter's 
profit on several houses into one. The capi- 
talist, of course, was under us all. 

Within one year I sold my house at a price 
which gave me a good margin, a capital suffi- 
cient to do business, and which never grew 
less. Soon after this, without embarrass- 
ment, I met the last payment due on the farm. 

Not many years afterward my father passed 
from earth, leaving mother many years of 
widowhood and home enjoyment. No retro- 
spective thought affords greater peace than the 
association and help bestowed in providing 
that paternal home. If any regret lingers, it 
is that I gave no more. The passing oppor- 
tunity to do good is always the one to em- 
brace. 

Being blessed with good health and a good 
helpmeet at home, not many years elapsed 
before I was able to buikl me a home and pay 
for it. 

At twenty-one years of age, with the young 
lady who afterward became my wife, I was 
baptized, and both joined a Christian church 



in Boston, where our names are still retained. 
I would not in any wise undervalue church 
influence, yet I can truly say that no church or 
other influence has ever produced more vital 
effect for good upon my thought than that re- 
ceived during early childhood days at my 
mother's knee. There are mothers who intui- 
tively impart to their children a Christian 
training, while unfortunately there are others 
who in those duties are defaulters. Were I 
to be asked the Cjuestion, Who in the human 
family share the greatest accountability and 
responsibility.'' my answer would be. The 
mothers of our youth. Good seed bears good 
fruit. We do not "gather grapes of thorns, 
nor figs of thistles." If we sow to the wind, 
we "reap the whirlwind." 

When thirty years of age there had been 
laid the foundation for whatever of success 
in life has since appeared. Soon after this 
time I made an attemjit to join one of the 
then popular orders. The introduction thereto 
proved so distasteful that I proceeded no 
further. 

In the political fieUl I met with little better 
success, filling elective offices for a peritid of 
five years only to learn that I cherished 
scarcely anything in common with the jioliti- 
cian except strict observance of the elective 
franchise. Therefore I withdrew from the 
field altogether, to pursue simply a legitimate 
business calling. 

During a business experience of forty-five 
years I have never become party to a contract 
that I did not honorably fulfil, or that did not 
in some measure prove a financial success, 
even to the contract with myself not to spend 
my last days in adversity. 

Some time since, I turned over to my 
younger son a prosperous business, which he is 
now successfully carrying on for himself. 
Thus, knowing that, in any event, my family 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



287 



is well provided for, I feel free to devote the 
balance of my years to other activities in the 
furtherance of "peace on earth, good will to 
men. " 




^CA''/ II-LIAM TALCOTT KIMBALL, 
City Clerk of Lawrence, was born 
in this city, November 30, 1854. 
His parents were William Addison and Caro- 
line L. (Smith) Kimball. He is a lineal 
descendant of Richard Kimball, a well-to-do 
yeoman, who, with his family, came to Massa- 
chusetts from Ipswich, England, in 1634, and 
located first in VVatertown, moving thence to 
Ipswich, in the county of Essex. His proj]- 
erty amounted to seven hundred and thirty- 
seven pinuids sterling. His son Benjamin, 
who was born in 1637, about the time of the 
removal to Ipswich, fought in the Indian 
wars. Benjamin Kimball died June 11, 1695. 
Samuel, son of Benjamin, was born in Brad- 
ford, Esse.x County, Mass., in 1680, and died 
in 1739. He married Eunice Chadwick ; and 
their son Edmund, who was born in Bradford 
in 1716, is the next in this line. He was 
a man of large landed estates, a prominent and 
influential citizen. He died in Bradford in 
1795. Edmund's son David, who was born 
June 16, 1749, died in Pembroke, N.H., in 
1816 or 1817. His wife was Mehitable 
Clement. They had thirteen children, ten of 
whom — namely, four sons and six daughters 
— attained maturity. 

The eldest, William, who was William T. 
Kimball's grandfather, was born in Pembroke, 
N. H., October 2, 1771. The other sons who 
grew to manhood were: Eliphalet, John Carle- 
ton, and Jesse. William Kimball was a 
farmer of Pembroke. He died in 1845. He 
was married November 4, 1S02, to Sarah Os- 
good, who was born in Andover, Mass., in 



1780, daughter of Samuel Osgood. She sur- 
vived her husband many years, and was nearly 
ninety years old when death called her to rest. 
Mr. and Mrs. William Kimball were members 
of the Orthodox Congregational church. Four- 
teen children were born to them, and four 
sons and two daughters attained adult age. 
William Addison was the youngest son. 

William Addison Kimball was born in 
Pembroke, N.H., t'ebruary 21, 1821. He 
was for some time mill overseer in Newbury- 
port, Mass. In 1852 he came to Lawrence as 
an overseer in the Atlantic Mills, and in 1859 
he engaged in the hardware business. A self- 
made man, having earned his own capital, 
he was quite successful in its investment. 
In politics he was an active Republican. 
He was elected to the office of Overseer 
of the Poor in 1S79 and 1880. He was 
a prominent member of the Orthodox Con- 
gregational church, an officer in the society. 
William A. was twice married. His first 
wife, to whom he was united June 3, 1S52, 
was a daughter of Daniel and Abigail (Jevvett) 
Smith, born in 1823. The Jewetts are an old 
and worthy New England family, springing 
from Maximilian Jewett, who came from Eng- 
land in 1639, and settling in Rowley, Mass., 
was one of the prominent citizens of his time, 
and was a member of the General Court. 
Mrs. Caroline L. Kimball died August 6, 
1869, leaving two children: William T., the 
subject of this sketch; and Edward P., now 
cashier of the First National Bank in Maiden, 
Mass. The father's second marriage, to Miss 
Kate F. Chandler, of Lawrence, took place 
December 30, 1874. William A. Kimball 
died March 6, 1880. He is survived by his 
second wife, a sketch of whom appears on 
another page. 

William Talcott Kimball graduated from 
the Lawrence High School, and afterward 



2S8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



stiuliccl for one year in Stuttgart, Wiirtem- 
berg, Germany. Returning to Lawrence, he 
was for a number of years confidential clerk 
for the Hon. Edgar J. Sherman, who was then 
registrar of bankruptcy, having full charge of 
that branch of his business. In politics he is 
a Republican. He was elected City Clerk in 

1885, the office in 18S6 being awarded a 
Democrat. In 1S87 Mr. Kimball was again 
elected; and he has held the position up to the 
present time, with the e.xception of 1892, 
when he was editor of the Lawrence Daily 
Auicrican. But one other citizen of Lawrence 
has held the office as long as Mr. Kimball. 
Mr. Kimball has all the details of the city 
administration at his finger ends, and is one of 
the best authorities here on such matters. He 
is a member of the Essex Club, the leading 
Republican organization of the county; of the 
Home Market Club; and of the Republican 
Club of Massachusetts. He is one of the 
directors of the Lowell, Lawrence & Haver- 
hill Street Railway. 

On May 20, 1885, he was married to Mina, 
daughter of Myron H. Kelley. Her mother 
was a Spanish lady; and she herself was born 
in Concepcion, Chili. She died April 23, 

1886, aged thirty years, leaving one daughter, 
Mina Elizabeth, who was born March 13, 
1886. On June 4, 1887, Mr. Kimball was 
married to his first wife's sister Lillia, who 
also was born in Chili. She is the mother of 
one child, Lillia Carrita, born July 20, 1S90. 
Mr. Kimball is a Knight Templar, a mem- 
ber of the Mystic Shrine, and Past Master of 
Phcenician Lodge, F. & A. M. He belongs to 
the order of Pilgrim leathers, and is secretary 
both of the Home Club and the Merrimack 
Valley County Club of this city. He is one 
of the few citizens of Lawrence honored with 
a medal by the Massachusetts Humane So- 
ciety. The occasion was this: In 1881, while 



on the rocks at Gloucester, at a time when the 
sea was very high, he saw a boat, in which 
were six persons, capsize. Though not able 
to swim, he at once put out in a boat, and at 
the risk of his own life rescued four boys. 
Mr. Kimball resides at No. 95 Summer Street, 
where he was born and where his grandfather 
Smith settled in the early days of Lawrence. 



OHN MERRILL POOR, a representa- 
tive of one of West Newbury's oldest 
families, was born in this town, Au- 
gust 14, 1829, son of John and Lydia M 
(Merrill) Poor. The family dates its origin 
in England from the Norman Conquest, and 
was prominently identified with both Church 
and State affairs under the early Plantagenet 
rule. Rodger le Poer, who was l^ishop of 
Salisbury- in 1121, officiated at the marriage 
of Henry I. with the daughter of Godfrey, 
Count of Louvain, and placed the crown upon 
her head. This ceremony took place at Wind- 
sor Castle. Richard Poor, also Bishop of 
Salisbury, distinguished for his piety and 
learning, was the founder of the famous old 
cathedral in that town. He died at an ad- 
vanced age in 1237. Richard Poor, a nejihew 
of Bishop Roger Poor (or Le Poer), located in 
Gloucestershire, and reared three sons — Her- 
bert, Richard, and Philip. Herbert and 
Richard were educated for the church, and 
were advanced by old friends of their great- 
uncle. Bishop Roger Poor. The third son, 
Philip, is supposed on good authority to have 
been the ancestor of the present branch of the 
family in America. 

Samuel Poor (first), the first ancestor of 
John Merrill Poor to emigrate to America, 
died in old Newbury in 1694, aged eighty-one 
years. His son, Samuel Poor (second), born 
in old Newbury in 1G48, died in 1728. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



289 



Samuel Poor (third), who was born in the 
same town in 1683, died in 1769. John Poor, 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was born there in March, 1709, and Moses 
Poor, the grandfather, in 1760. After follow- 
ing the occupation of farmer throughout his 
active period Moses died in 1S40. John 
Poor, son of Moses, born in 1783, was a life- 
long resident of Newbury. He was also a 
farmer, and died in 1866. His wife, Lydia 
E. , was a daughter of Deacon Abel Merrill, 
of West Newbury. 

John Merrill Poor's attendance at the dis- 
trict school in the winter season ceased when 
he was seventeen years old. For the succeed- 
ing fourteen years his summers were spent as 
a farm assistant; and during each winter he 
worked at shoemaking in Haverhill, Mass., 
for Moses Howe. About the year i860 he 
settled upon the farm he now owns. To-day 
he is one of the most prosperous farmers in 
this town. In politics he is a Republican. 
He has served with ability as a member of 
the Koard of Selectmen for three years, and 
was inspector of cattle for one year. He has 
been treasurer of Newbury Grange, No. 146, 
Patrons of Husbandry, for eight years; and he 
is also a member of the Esse.x County Pomona 
Grange. 

In 1870 Mr. Poor was united in marriage 
with Mary Alice Merrill, daughter of William 
Merrill, of West Newbury. Mrs. Poor has 
had si.x children, as follows; John, born in 
1872; William, born in 1873; Lydia C, born 
in 1876; Dean Stan wood, born in 1880; 
Charles A., born in 1882; and Albert, born 
in 1885, who died in 1894. John fitted for 
his collegiate course at Professor Carlton's 
preparatory school, and graduated from Dart- 
mouth College, class of 1897. William 
assists his father upon the farm. Lydia C. 
attends school in Bradford. Dean Stanwood 



is a graduate of the West Newbury High 
School, class of 1897. 



fjiY<^^J''l'II E. BAILEY, of Georgetown, 
who is extensively engaged in the man- 
ufacture of boots and shoes, was born 
at Newbury, Mass., 1839. A son of Joseph 
Jenness and Myra (Danforth) Bailey, he is of 
English descent. His first ancestor in Amer- 
ica was James Bailey, who came over with the 
Rev. Ezekiel Rogers and settled in Belleville, 
Newbury, now a part of Newburyport. Mr. 
Bailey's great-grandfather was Deacon Ed- 
mund Bailey. His grandfather, Josiah, was 
born in West Newbury, Mass. Joseph Jen- 
ness I^ailey, son of Josiah, born in London- 
derry, N.H., in 1802, besides being a farmer, 
dealt extensively in lumber, [unxhasing stock 
in the North, shipping it to Newbury and 
then selling it at the ship-yards. He lived in 
Newbury, and married Myra Danforth, a 
daughter of Master Daniel Danforth, who 
belonged to one of the old families of Essex- 
County. 

Joseph E. Bailey was educated in the public 
schools of Newbury, graduating from the Put- 
nam High School at Newburyport in 1858. 
He then came to Georgetown, to work as clerk 
in a grocery store for Nathaniel Lambert & 
Son. After four years he was taken into the 
firm, which then became N. Lambert & Co. 
This partncrshiji had lasted five years when 
Mr. Bailey and the younger Lambert pur- 
chased the interest of the senior partner, and 
the name was changed to Lambert & Bailey. 
In 1884 Mr. Bailey bought his partner's in- 
terest, and thereafter carried on the business 
for ten years in his own name. Then he sold 
out his stock of goods and rented the store to 
Sanborn & Noyes. Afterward he spent about 
three years in settling estates in which he and 



290 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



his family were interested. In 1888 he and 
Mr. Noyes formed the firm of A. B. Noyes & 
Co. for the manufacture of boots and shoes. 
The firm, which was incorporated under the 
laws of the State with a capital of twenty 
thousand dollars, A. B. Noyes being the pres- 
ident and J. E. Bailey the treasurer, employs 
now about fifty skilled workmen. In 1881 
Mr. Bailey erected the Bailey Block, to be 
used for stores below and tenements above. 
At one time he was the president of the 
Georgetown Savings Bank, and he now is a 
trustee and the auditor of that institution. 
He has served the community in the capacities 
of Selectman, Treasurer, and Collector, and 
was Town Clerk for ten years. In 1874 he 
was elected to the State legislatiue, where he 
was a member of the Committee on Mercantile 
Affairs. In politics he is a Republican and 
a strong temperance man. He is a member of 
the First Congregational Society of George- 
town, and has been the treasurer of the society 
for seven years. His connection with frater- 
nal organizations is limited to membership in 
Protection Lodge, No. 147, I. O. O. F., of 
Georgetown. 

In 1866 Mr. Bailey was married to Sarah 
A. liaton, a daughter of Daniel W. and Sarah 
Little Smith Eaton, of West Newbury. Her 
grandfather, James Smith, the fourth bearer 
of the name in the Smith family, was born on 
the old farm on Crane Neck Hill, in West 
Newbury. The second James Smith was the 
Cai)tain of a company in the Revolutionary 
War. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey have one son, 
Klmer Smith Bailey, who was born in 1872. 
After passing through the public schools and 
graduatitig from Phillips Academy in An- 
dover, Elmer .S. Bailey took a special course 
in architecture at Brown University, and in 
189s graduated from the Rhode Island School 
of Design at the head of his class, taking a 



prize for the best design. He is now a mem- 
ber of the firm of Cooper, Bailey & Kerr, 
architects, of Boston, Mass. 



'^AMES F. PEASE, of the well-known 
carriage-makers in Merrimac, Samuel 
C. Pease & Sons, is a descendant of 
one of the Pease brothers who came from Eng- 
land to Salem in 1635, afterward settling 
one at Martha's Vineyard and one in Enfield. 
When Thomas Mayhew received a grant of 
Martha's Vineyard, seven families named 
Pease were found there. Among them was 
John Pease, who then had in his possession an 
Indian grant. The tradition is that they were 
shipwrecked there, and afterward traded with 
the Indians. Most of the ancestors of the 
family followed the sea. Generally men of 
character, some were eminent divines or dis- 
tinguished in other walks of life. One of the 
Pease family at the age of eighteen was se- 
lected to serve in Lafayette's body-guard be- 
cause of his magnificent physique. Another 
of the family was present at the surrender of 
15urgoyne. The Hon. Calvin Pease was for 
fourteen years Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Ohio. Captain Levi Pease made the 
first contract for carrying mails in New F2ng- 
land from Portsmouth, N. H., to Savannah, Ga. 
Abisha Pease, the great-grandfather of James 
F., was i^rominent in church affairs. He left 
Martha's Vineyard and took up a large tract of 
land in Norridgewock, which he afterward lost 
through an imperfect title. Subsecjuently in 
Fall River he made a sufficient amount of 
money to enable him to return to Norridge- 
wock and repurchase his farm. His son, the 
grandfather of Mr. James I''. Pease, removed 
to Fall River in middle life. 

Samuel C. Pease, after a few years of school- 
ing, began to learn the trade of carriage-maker 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



291 



in Fall River. Afterward he worked at his 
trade in West Amesbury, now Merrimac, until 
1 86 1, when he went into business for him- 
self in a small way. A few years later he 
was able to buy the business and residence 
of John S. Poyen, and after an interval the 
establishment now owned by his sons, to 
which he added every year, as his custom 
steadily increased. His son James F. was 
made a member of the firm in 1S79, and 
rVank E. was received in 1SS3. In 18SS Mr. 
Pease disposed of the remainder of his inter- 
est to his youngest son, John T., and retired 
from active business, except to the extent of 
serving in the capacity of a director of the 
Merrimac National ]5ank. Since then he has 
given the most of his time to extended Eu- 
ropean travel and trijis to California. He is 
connected with the Congregational church, and 
together with his three sons, James F. , Frank 
E., and John T., is a member of Riverside 
Lodge, No. 174, I. O. O. F. 

James F. Pease, the eldest son of .Samuel 
C. , was educated at the Merrimac High School 
and a commercial college in Boston. After 
learning the carriage trade he went into busi- 
ness with his father. For the past ten years 
he has had sole charge of the concern. Car- 
riages of the highest grade are made in iiis 
establishment and shipped to all parts of the 
world. In 1895 a magnificent rockaway, 
adorned with gold-mounted lamps and other 
accessories, was sent by them to Turkey, to be 
used as the sultan's private carriage. Poth he 
and his brother Frank are directors of the Co- 
operative Bank of Merrimac. In politics he 
is a Prohibitionist, and he has served as a 
member of the Executive Committee of the 
State. 

He married Mary A., daughter of John P. 
Heath, of Merrimac, and has eight children — 
Harry Alvin, James Chase, Anne Mary, Ruth 



Evelyn, Martha, John Samuel, Elizabeth, and 
Beulah, all living at home. A man of culti- 
vated literary tastes, he has rendered valuable 
services to the community as a member of the 
Board of Trustees of the Public Library, of 
which he is the present chairman. An es- 
teemed Odd Fellow, he is a Past Grand of the 
Riverside Lodge, and is now its chaplain and 
a trustee. He is a member of the Congrega- 
tional church, and served for some time on its 
Prudential Committee. 

P'rank K. Pease, a draughtsman of unusual 
ability, is in charge of the blacksmith and 
wood-working department of the manufactory. 
He is Past Grand of Riverside Lodge, Past 
Chief I'atriot of P2agle Encampment, and Cap- 
tain of Canton P'agle, Haverhill. Now serv- 
ing his fifth year in the School Committee, 
he is the present chairman of that body. He 
married Miss Fannie Noyes, a daughter of 
Stephen Noyes, a contractor of Haverhill, and 
Sarah (Hoyt) Noyes, and has four children — 
Carrie Noyes, Charles P'rancis, Sarah Anne, 
and Frank Webster, all of whom are at home. 

John T. Pease is in charge of the iiainting, 
trimming, and finishing department of the 
business. He married Miss Mattie Perry, of 
Sherman Mills, Me., a daughter of Joseph and 
I{mma (ICaton) Perry, and has two children — 
Emma Mattie and Mabelle Ella, both at home. 
In politics he is a Republican. 




ILLIAM BARNES, janitor of the 
Nevins Library building at Me- 
thuen, Mass., was horn March 15, 
1834, in Orford, Grafton County, N.H. His 
parents were John Busby and Lucy (P'reeman) 
Barnes, both descended from old Connecticut 
families. His paternal grandfather removed 
from Fairfield County, Connecticut, to Mon- 
treal, Canada, where he afterward resided. His 



292 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



mother's father, Daniel Freeman, served in 
the Revolutionary War, and soon after its 
close removed from Connecticut, the State of 
his birth, to Orford, N. H., where he was a 
pioneer settler. 

John Busby Barnes was born in December, 
1793, in Montreal, Canada, and was there 
reared and educated. When ready to establish 
himself in business he removed to New Eng- 
land, and thereafter lived in New Hampshire 
or Massachusetts until his decease in July, 
1 87 1. He married Lucy Freeman, who was 
born December 25, 1S03, and died in 1875. 
Six children, all sons, were born to John 
Busby and Lucy Barnes, William being the 
fourth. One son, Joel Barnes, died very sud- 
denly of apoplexy at the age of fifty-four 
years, leaving two daughters. 

On January 8, 1853, before he had reached 
the nineteenth anniversary of his birth, Will- 
iam Barnes married Juliet Waldo, a fair young 
maiden of his own age, who was born in Me- 
thuen, Mass., a daughter of George A. and 
Almira (Bodwell) Waldo. He learned the 
hatter's trade when a young man, and worked 
as a journeyman at the Methuen bench for 
many years. During the war of the Rebellion 
he volunteered his services to his country, en- 
listing in the Fourteenth Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Infantry, which was changed to the 
l'"irst Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. He 
was mustered in at I'ort Warren, Boston Har- 
bor, July 7, 1861. For two years and nine 
months he was engaged in garrison duty 
around Washington, D. C, and was then sent 
to the field of conflict. On May 15, 1864, he 
took an active part in the battle of Spottsyl- 
vania. Within the next six weeks his regi- 
ment was at the front in eight decisive con- 
tests; and, although one thousand three 
hundred and forty out of one thousand seven 
hundred and forty of his comratlcs were 



killed, wounded, or captured, he was fortunate 
enough to escape unharmed. His health, 
however, was undermined by the exposures and 
privations of life in camp and field, and he 
now draws a pension from the government. 
On returning to Methuen at the expiration of 
his term of enlistment he resumed work at his 
trade, and continued at it until 18S4, when he 
was appointed to his present position by Mr. 
Henry C. Nevins. He is an active member 
of a post of the G. A. R., of which he has 
been Junior Vice-Commander and chaplain. 
In politics he formerly affiliated with the 
Democratic party, but in 1896 he became a 
sound money Republican. 

Mr. and Mrs. Barnes have four children, 
namely: Lucy Ardelle, wife of Edward W. 
Austin, of Lawrence, Mass. ; George Will- 
iam, of Methuen; Charles Albert, of Chicago, 
111. ; and Lewis lulgar, of whom a brief sketch 
will be found on another page of this volume. 




;nry converse attwill, 

a rising young lawyer of Lynn, was 
born in this city, March 11, 1872. 
His father, Isaac M. Attwill, a native of 
Lynn and one of its best known and most 
respected residents, married Miss Harriet E. 
Sanger, of Watertown, Mass., and they be- 
came the parents of seven children; namely, 
Helen L. , Annie L., Joseph W., Mary C, 
Jesse L. (second), Harriet S., and Henry C. 

Henry C. Attwill took the full course of 
study in the public schools of his native city, 
entering the primary grade as soon as old 
enough, and receiving his diploma from the 
high school in the spring of 1890. A few 
months later he became a student at the Bos- 
ton University School of Law, from which he 
was graduated with the class of 1893. On 
the 8th of August, the same year, he was 




DUDLEY BKAUSTKEET. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



29S 



admitted to the Suffolk bar, ami at once asso- 
ciated himself with William D. Turner, who 
was then counsel for the Metropolitan Sewer- 
age Commission, and who has an office in that 
city and in Lynn. He has since conducted a 
successful practice, having proved himself an 
earnest student of his profession, an acute and 
logical reasoner, and one possessed of more 
than ordinary oratorical ability. 

In 1896 Mr. Attwill was elected to repre- 
sent his constituents of the then Eighteenth 
Essex District in the State legislature, where 
he was distinguished as being the youngest 
member of the House. During that year he 
served on the Committees on Probate and In- 
solvency, and was a member and the clerk of 
the Committee on Elections. He is now, in 
1897, also a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, being clerk of the Committee on 
the Judiciary. 

In politics he is a stanch and steadfast Re- 
publican anil an active worker in the interests 
of his party. In 1894 and 1895 he was a 
member of the Lynn Republican City Com- 
mittee. He now belongs to the Lynn Repub- 
lican Club, and is likewise a member of the 
social orjranization known as the Oxford Club. 




IS 



UDLEY BRADSTREET, of Tops- 
field, Mass., son of John and Sail}' 
(Rca) Hradstreet, bears the names of 
two distinguished ancestors — Governor Simon 
Bradstreet, of whom he is a descendant in the 
seventh generation, and Governor Thomas 
Dudley, from whom he is descended through 
the Governor's daughter Anne, of literary fame, 
wife of Governor Bradstreet. This is the line 
from Governor .Simon ' and Anne (Dudley) 
Bradstreet: John,' who married Sarah Per- 
kins; Simon, ' who married in 1711 Elizabeth 
Capen ; John,^ who married Elizabeth Fisk ; 



Captain Dudley, 5 who married Mary Porter; 
John,'' who married Sally Rea, and was the 
father of the subject of our sketch. 

Captain Dudley Bradstreet, the grandfather, 
was the only son and the youngest child in his 
father's family. He was born and reared on 
the old Bradstreet homestead in Tojisfield. 
He chose an agricultural life; and in 1809, 
some years after his marriage, he bought a 
farm in Danvcrs, Mass., and made that his 
home until his death, on April 23, 1833. He 
and his wife, Mary, had eleven children; 
namely, Polly, Eliza, Sarah, Lydia, Porter, 
Joseph, Dudley, John, Albert, Jonathan, and 
Thomas. Of these, Polly, the eldest, married 
Samuel Peabody, of Boxford. Eliza became 
the wife of Silas Cochran, of Essex. .Sarah 
married Ahira Putnam, of Danvers. Lydia 
married a Mr. White, and had three children, 
all of whom became teachers in Boston. Por- 
ter, who married Mehitabel Bradstreet, daugh- 
ter of John Bradstreet, settled on the adjoin- 
ing farm, which was a part of the original 
tract granted to Governor Bradstreet, and lived 
there until his death at the age of sixty-seven 
years. He reared but one child, Hannah 
Prince, who married Humphrey Balch, and 
died in 1891. Joseph Bradstreet, who was a 
tailor in Boston, was drowned in the dock. 
He left a widow and two children. Dudley, 
Jr., the third son, who never married, was a 
hotel-keeper in early years, but subsequently 
bought from .Samuel Bradstreet, a near kins- 
man and the father of Cleveland Bradstreet, 
late Mayor of Rochester, N. Y. , the old home- 
stead in Topsfield, and lived here until his 
death in 1832, aged forty-seven years. Al- 
bert, who lived for a time in the West, mar- 
ried a Miss .Stearns and died in Melrose, 
Mass. Jonathan went to Iowa when a young 
man, being the first settler in Burlington, and 
was shot during a dispute over land, at the 



296 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



age of twenty-seven years. The youngest of 
the family, the Rev. Thomas Ikadstreet, of 
Thompson, Conn., married a daughter of Seth 
Thomas, and is the father of Thomas Dudley 
]?radstreet, who is manager of the Seth Thomas 
clock factory. 

Dudley Bradstreet, Jr., dying in 1832, as 
already noted, left the old Bradstreet estate to 
his father, Captain Dudley, who died a few 
months later. His brother John then bought 
the interest of the remaining heirs in that 
property and in the Danvers farm, also. 

John Bradstreet, son of Captain Dudley 
Bradstreet and brother of Dudley, Jr., re- 
mained on the Danvers farm until his death, 
February 22, 1870, at the age of si.xty-seven 
years and eight months. His wife, who was 
the daughter of Israel Rea, of Topsfield, sur- 
vived many years, living in Topsfield, her 
death at the advanced age of ninety being 
caused by injuries received fiom her clothing 
catching fire. 

John and Sally (Rea) l^radstreet had five 
children, namely: Dudley, the special subject 
of this sketch; John; Israel; Harrison; arid 
Sarah. John, the second son, was a cattle 
dealer in Hamilton. Israel went to California 
for his health, and died there, of consumption, 
leaving a widow and three children, who still 
remain in that State. Harrison, who is the 
keeper of a lodging-house in Boston, for a 
time owned the Danvers farm. He is married, 
but has no children. .Sarah, who is unmar- 
ried, lives in Topsfield. 

Dudley Bradstreet, the eldest son, was born 
on the Danvers farm, July 6, 1S27. From the 
time he was old enough to make himself use- 
ful, he assisted in the management of the 
place until attaining his majority. He then 
worked for a time for his uncle Porter on the 
adjoining farm, once a part of Governor Brad- 
street's landed property. In 1849 his father 



placed him in charge of the old homestead, 
which he had previously bought; and here Mr. 
Bradstreet has since been prosperously engaged 
in general farming. The estate contains one 
hundred and twenty-five acres; and the present 
house, built on the site of the original dwell- 
ing, was erected in 1770, one hundred and 
twenty-eight years ago, by a John Bradstreet, 
Sr. , who was descended from the second son 
of Governor Simon Bradstreet. 

Mr. Bradstreet married February 12, 1S51, 
Miss Rtehitabcl P. Bradstreet, who was born 
in Hamilton, Mass., daughter of Josiah and 
Sarah (Patch) Bradstreet. Josiah Bradstreet 
was a son of John Bradstreet, Jr., and a grand- 
son of John Bradstreet, Sr. ,who built the pres- 
ent house on the home farm, which he had in- 
herited. John, Jr., was the first child born in 
this house. The farm descended to Samuel 
Bradstreet, the son of John Bradstreet, Sr. ; 
and he sold it, as above mentioned, to the 
uncle of the present owner. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bradstreet have ten children, namely: Sarah 
Josephine, wife of Josiah Loring Gould, of 
Melrose, Mass. ; Horace D., who married 
Mabel Warner, of Ipswich; Josiah Porter, of 
Hamilton, who married Addie Smith; Sam- 
uel W., unmarried; John H., who married 
Lucy Kneeland, and in company with his 
brother Samuel carries on the Esse.x County 
Agricultural Society Farm ; Percy Leroy, 
living at home; Albert C, also living on 
the old farm, who is Master of the Topsfield 
Grange; Alice Gertrude, who lives at home; 
Ruth, wife of Frank Bradstreet, of Beverly; 
and Mettie, a teacher in the Topsfield High 
School. 

Mr. Bradstreet has always been numbered 
among the most faithful and public-spirited 
citizens of Topsfield, doing his full share to 
secure its advancement. He has held nearly 
all the town offices, serving as Selectman fif- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



297 



teen years and as a member of the School 
Committee twenty years. In 1879 and 1880 
he was a Representative to the State legislat- 
ure, in which he was one of the Committee 
on Comities. For several years he was a 
Trustee of the Esse.x Agricultural Society and 
for many seasons a regular exhibitor at its 
annual fairs. In politics he is an unswerving 
Republican. Fraternally, he is a Mason, be- 
longing to Amity Lodge of Danvers. 




RANCIS A. P. KILLAN, senior 
member of the firm of F. A. P. Killan 
& Sons, well-known builders and con- 
tractors of Manchester, Mass., was born in 
Boxford, Mass., on September 11, 1823, son 
of Samuel and Lois (Holt) Killan. His 
father was a native of Boxford, and his mother 
of North Reading, Mass. The former, who 
was a farmer by occupation, died in 1839. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in 
the common schools of Boxford. At the age 
of eighteen years he began to learn the trade 
of carpenter and builder with William B. 
Morgan, then a prominent contractor and 
builder of Manchester. After serving an 
apprenticeship of nearly three years he be- 
came foreman for Mr. Morgan, and had some 
ten or fifteen workmen under his charge. He 
was at this time but twenty years old. Previ- 
ous to the breaking out of the Civil War he 
was engaged in business for himself, and sub- 
sequently during the war was a partner in 
the well-known firm of Phillips & Killan, 
with which he remained connected for thirty- 
eight years, or up to the time of Mr. Phillips's 
death. Since 1895 he has been associated in 
business with his son. The business methods 
of the firm have been such as to secure for 
them a wide reputation and the entire confi- 
dence of their patrons in this and other towns 



and cities. The buildings erected by them 
give evidence of the most careful and consci- 
entious work, and each is a standing adver- 
tisement for them. Mr. Killan has served as 
town surveyor of lumber and measurer of wood 
and bark, also as town ganger of oil. 

Mr. Killan married Mary E. Martin, of 
Manchester. He has had eight children, of 
whom three are living— Augustus M., Martin 
Lewis, and Cyrus Bartlett. 

In politics Mr. Killan is a Republican. 
He is a member and Deacon of the Congrega- 
tional Church of Manchester. Fraternally, he 
is a member and Past Grand of Magnolia 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and at present is serving as chaplain of the 
lodge. 



(ffj^OHN TUFTS, manager of the Cape 
Ann Isinglass Company, of Rockport, 
was born in this town, May 10, 1843, 
son of Fli G. and Hannah (Mcjannet) Tufts. 
The family is an old and higjily reputable one 
in this locality. Eli G. Tufts, who was for 
many years a tailor in Rockport, died in 1852. 
His wife, Hannah, was a daughter of Samuel 
Mcjannet, a Scotchman, who came to this 
town when twenty-tiiree years old, and resided 
here for the rest of his life. She became the 
mother of four children, all of whom are liv- 
ing, namely: William E. Tufts, of St. Ste- 
phens, N.B. ; John, the subject of this sketch; 
Susan H., wife of Levi P. Thurston, of Rock- 
port; and Albert C, who resides in Sacra- 
mento, Cal. 

John Tufts completed his education in the 
Rockport Grammar School. At an early age 
he began tcf work for the Rockport Granite 
Company, shipping stone from this town to 
Boston, anrl si)cnt his summers in that occupa- 
tion for a numijer of years. At the age of 



298 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



eighteen he became employetl in the isinglass 
factory at Ipswich, Mass. Isinglass can only 
be manufactured during the winter season: 
and Mr. Tufts was connected with the Ipswich 
factory for about twelve seasons, during which 
time he became thoroughly familiar with the 
Inisincss. In 1882 he was appointed manager 
of the Cape Ann Isinglass Company's factory in 
Rockport, a position which he has since filled 
with marked ability; and he is at the present 
time a stockholder and a member of the firm. 

Mr. Tufts married Maria Clark, daughter of 
Lemuel J. Clark, late of Rockport. He has 
two children: Clara M., wife of Manley G. 
Littlefield, of this town; and Hosea C. In 
politics a Republican, Mr. Tufts takes a lively 
interest in the business development of the 
town. He is connected with Ashler Lodge, 
F'. & A. M., and is Past Grand of Granite 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. He attends the Univer- 
salist churcii. 



—•-•••-♦— 




'RED r. -STANTON, a well-known 
grocer and formerly Postmaster of 
Wenham, was born in this town on 
September 2, 1864, son of Charles H. and 
Mary E. (Boynton) Stanton. The Stanton 
family has been long and favorably known 
here, and its members have occupied ]iosi- 
tions of trust and responsibility in the affairs 
of the town. Charles H. Stanton, who was 
a son of Alvin Stanton, was born in this 
county. He is now a prominent Democratic 
jiolitician of Wenham and a member of the 
Hoard of Trustees for the pulilic library. 

I'red P. Stanton in his boyhood attended 
the public schools of Wenham and subse- 
(|uently the Beverly High School. At six- 
teen years of age he became clerk in the mer- 
cantile house of A. D. & W. ¥. Trowt, of this 
town, and for the following sixteen years was 



one of the most trusted employees of that firm. 
During five years of this time he served as 
Collector of Taxes for the town of Wenham 
and for ten years as Postmaster. Since he 
started in business for himself, in 1897, he 
has secured a generous patronage. His wide 
acquaintance furnished him with many pa- 
trons, whose confidence he studies to retain. 
He keeps two delivery wagons, and makes 
house to house calls. Besides carrying on his 
store he does considerable newspaper work, 
being local correspondent for the Beverly 
Times, the Salem Gazette, and for the Asso- 
ciated Press. 

Mr. Stanton married Mary A. Beard, 
daughter of Charles E. Beard, superintendent 
of the Boston Ice Company's works at Newton 
Junction, N. IL, and formerly a resident of 
Wenham. Three children have been born to 
him; namely, Melvina A., Winnifrcd, and 
Blanche A. Mr. Stanton is a Democrat po- 
litically, and has served as member of the 
Wenham Democratic Town Committee. Fra- 
ternally, he belongs to the Order of United 
American Mechanics, Golden Star Council, at 
Beverly, of which he is ex-Councillor, ami to 
the Wenham Mutual Benefit Association. 




ILLIAM HOARE, a member of the 
well-known firm of Roljerts & 
Hoare, leading contractors and 
builders of Manchester, Mass., is a native of 
Devonshire, England, born February 2, 1848, 
son of Stephen and Jane A. Hoare. Both 
parents were natives of England, and the 
mother is now deceased. William Hoare re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of 
his native country. At the age of fourteen he 
began to learn the carpenter's and joiner's 
trade, to which he served a seven years' ap- 
prenticeship. During this time he attended 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



299 



evening school. After finishing his appren- 
ticeship he worked at his trade for some time 
as a journeyman in England. Coming to 
America in 1871, he settled in Gloucester, 
Mass., where he soon secured employment. 
From Gloucester he came subsequently to 
Manchester, and worked here for a num- 
ber of years for Phillips & Killan, builders. 
He then became a member of the firm of 
Friend, Roberts & Hoare, which later be- 
came Roberts & Hoare, its present style, Mr. 
P^iend being no longer connected with it. 
For some fifteen years the firm has carried on 
a very successful business, and to-day is the 
leading firm of contractors in Manchester. 
They employ about sixty carpenters besides 
other workmen. 

Mr. Hoare married N. Jessie Hodgess, who 
was born in Devonshire, England. He has 
a family of five children, as follows: Emma 
F. ; Jessie M., a well-known music teacher of 
established reputation; William W. ; Abbott 
H.; and Mabor T. 

Mr. Hoare is interested in all matters per- 
taining to the welfare of Manchester, and is 
one of the men to whose vigorous and tireless 
efforts the town is indebted for its splendid 
system of water-works. He was one of the 
first three members composing the Water 
Board, and served as a member for five years. 

Mr. Hoare is an active member of the 
Congregational church. Fraternally, he be- 
longs to Magnolia Lodge at Manchester. A 
good representative of the Anglo-American 
citizen, he enjoys the confidence and esteem 
of all who have dealinrrs with him. 



ARON PARSONS, chief clerk at the 
Gloucester custom-house, was born 
in this city. May 4, i<S44, son of 
Winthrop and Susan (Riggs) Parsons. He is 




a descendant in the seventh generation of Jef- 
frey Parsons, who was born in England in 
163 1, emigrated to America when quite 
young, and in 1655 bought land in Gloucester. 
He served as Selectman several terms, and 
died in 1689. In 1657 he married Sarah 
Vinson. His son, Ebenezer, who was born in 
168 1, was three times married. By his union 
with Lydia Haskell, Ebenezer had a son Isaac. 
Isaac was frequently elected a Selectman, and 
was prominent in the church, serving as Dea- 
con and Ruling Elder. He died in 1761. 
His son, Isaac Parsons, second, who was also 
Deacon of the P'irst Church, died in 1767. 
In 1734 he married Hannah Burnham, of Ips- 
wich. Aaron Parsons, son of Isaac, second, 
and grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was born in 1759, and became a merchant. 
He married Mary Dolliver, and died in 1S09. 
Aaron Parsons was educated in the public 
schools and at Comer's Commercial College, 
Boston. His home has always been in 
Gloucester, where he is well known in busi- 
ness circles. Since 1S61 he has occupied his 
present responsible position of chief clerk at 
the custom-house. Mr. Parsons contracted 
the first of his two marriages with Georgia 
Shackleford, who bore him four children, 
namely: Frank W., born in May, 1870; Ralph, 
born in 1872; Willis li., born in 1S74; and 
Roy N., born in 1881. Frank W., who is 
book-keeper at Luce's Furniture House, mar- 
ried Marion Pierson, daughter of Charles B. 
Pierson, of this city. Ralph married Laura 
Mclntyre, and has two children: Georgianna, 
born in 1892; and Richard S., born in 1897. 
Willis E. is employed on the Gloucester 
Times as reporter. Roy N. is attending the 
high school. Mr. Parsons married for his 
second wife Sarah E. Lynch; and of this union 
there is one child, Aaron Lester, born in 
1895. Mr. Parsons belongs to Gloucester 



300 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Council, Royal Arcanum, and has been its 
secretary since 1879. He has also held the 
appointment of Notary Public and Justice of 
the Peace for the past twenty-five years, and 
has been executor and trustee in the settle- 
ment of a number of estates. His ability and 
experience make him a very efficient officer 
at the custom-house, and he is personally 
popular among the business men of the city. 




|BENEZER KNOWLTON FOGG, a 
prominent citizen of Lynn and one 
of its ex-Mayors, was born October 
24, 1837, in Northvvood, N.H., son of Jeremiah 
Fogg. He comes of Revolutionary stock, his 
grandfather, Jonathan Fogg, a native of New 
Hampshire, having been one of the patriotic 
heroes that fought in the great struggle for 
independence. 

Jeremiah Fogg, born and reared in Pitts- 
field, N.H., spent many years engaged in 
agricultural pursuits in the town of North- 
wood. In 1S67 he removed to Lynn, and 
here made his home until his earthly career 
ended, on July 4, 18S3. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Abigail Hill, was born in 
Strafford, N.H. They had a family of nine 
children; namely, ]Mir)ch P., Vienna II., 
John C, I'lliza A., E. Knowlton, Moses True, 
Jeremiah Monsen, Charles O., and Ellen A. 

E. Knowlton P'ogg obtained his early edu- 
cation in the district schools of Northwood. 
Subsequently he studied at New Hamilton 
Academy, an institution that held and has 
since maintained a high rank among the New 
England academies. When twenty years old 
Mr. I'^ogg began working at the shoemaker's 
trade in Lynn. From that time until the 
great fire of i8Sg he was engaged in the shoe 
business, becoming familiar with its every 



detail. From 18S9 until iSqi he was cm- 
ployed as a salesman in the furniture store of 
Titus & Buckley. Since then he has been a 
manufacturer of shoes and shoe supplies on his 
own account. 

Mr. P^ogg IS a strong Republican, and has 
always taken a lively interest in local matters. 
His sound judgment, executive force, and cour- 
tesy have made him a valuable oflficial of the 
municipality. In 1888 he was a member of 
the Lynn Common Council, and during the 
ensuing two years he was one of the Alder- 
men, being in 1890 the president of the board. 
In 1 89 1 he was elected Mayor of the city. In 
1896 he was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives, and in 1897 he was re-elected to 
the same high position. While in the House 
he served on the Metropolitan Committee; and 
he was instrumental in setting aside ward 
assessments, in 1896 having a readjustment of 
the laws. Fraternally, he is a Mason and an 
Odd Fellow, belonging to the Golden P'leece 
Lodge, F. & A. M., and being a charter mem- 
ber of East Lynn Lodge, No. 207, I. O. O. F., 
of which he has been the treasurer for the past 
three years. He is also a director and the 
vice-president of the East Lynn Odd Fellows 
Building Association. He was appointed 
Postmaster for Lynn for four years by Presi- 
dent McKinley, his commission dating from 
May 25, 1898. On January 5, 1862, he was 
married to Miss P^anny S. Batchelder, of 
Northwood, N.H. They have had two chil- 
dren — Bertha Grace and Wilbcrt Kirkland. 
Wilbert Kirkland died March 31, 189S, after 
a protracted illness of several years. 



LBERT NEWELL HOLT, the pro- 
prietor of a popular summer board ing- 
'ls^_^, house in North An<lover, was born 
in Andover, November 10, 1841, son of Jonas 





AMOS B. COFFIN. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



3°i 



ami I'amelia Porter (Frye) Holt. The family 
is one of the oldest in this section of the 
county, having resided in Andover for the past 
two hundred and fifty years; and they were the 
first to come up the Merrimac River in a boat 
from Nevvburyport. A company raised in 
Andover during the Revolutionary War con- 
tained fifteen men named Holt, one of whom 
was its Captain. The original house is still 
standing; and the homestead remained in the 
family's possession until 1873, when it was 
sold by Lewis G. Holt, who moved to Law- 
rence. The paternal great-grandfather of Al- 
bert Newell was Ezekiel Holt. The grand- 
father, Isaac Holt, born in 1773, who died in 
1843, married Abigail Blunt, a descendant of 
a family that came to Andover a short time 
after the arrival of the Holts. Isaac and Abi- 
gail Holt were the [larents of six sons and 
four daughters. All the sons and one daugh- 
ter married. Warren, the youngest of the 
family, who became an educator, went to 
California in 1865, and is supposed to be 
living there now. 

Jonas Holt, born December 8, iSoo, was a 
lifelong resident of Andover, occupying the 
Holt farm, which he cultivated with energy. 
Prominently identified with local affairs, he 
served as a Selectman, Town Treasurer, and 
Collector. He married Pamelia Porter Frye, 
who was a daughter of Timothy Frye and 
a grand-daughter of Colonel James Frye, an 
officer in the Revolutionary War under Gen- 
eral Washington. She became the mother of 
ten children, five of whom are living, namely: 
Caroline Charlotte, the wife of James Flem- 
ing, of Tewksbury, Mass. ; Lewis G., a resi- 
dent of Lawrence; Albion T. ; Brooks F. ; 
and Albert N. Holt. The Holt family is the 
object of especial interest to the people of 
Andover to-day on account of its identity with 
the early settlement of the town. Further 



information concerning it will be found in the 
biography of Lewis Garrison Holt. 

Albert Newell Holt attended the Punchard 
Free School and Phillips Academy. In 1866 
he went to Boston, where he entered the em- 
ploy of Daniel Gregory, a meat and provision 
merchant. Upon his return he established 
himself in the same line, and carried on a 
thriving business for the succeeding eight 
years. Flailing health then compelled him to 
seek a less arduous employment, and he opened 
a boarding-house. This he had conducted 
successfully for si.\ years, when he sold out 
in 1S92. Then he came to North Andover, 
where he has since been the proprietor of 
a large and handsome resort for summer 
boarders. 

Mr. Holt married his brother's widow, Ettie 
Buck Holt, and has no children. He is a 
member of St. John's Lodge, F. & A. M. ; of 
St. Paul's Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; and 
of Boston Commandery, Knights Templar. 
He attends the Cont:regational church. 




M'OS 15USWHLL COFFIN, boat- 
builder, a prominent citizen of Salis- 
bury, Mass., a native of the town, 
and representative of one of the old families, 
was born on February 16, 1828, son of Joseph 
Moulton and Hannah (Buswell) Cofifin. He 
is of the ninth generation in direct male line 
from Peter and Joanna (Thember) Coffin, of 
Bri.xton, England, county of Devon, among 
whose posterity bearing this surname have been 
men of note in business and professional cir- 
cles throughout New England and in other 
parts of the country, and in many instances 
men who have won more than local fame. 

Peter Coffin died in 1628; and in 1642 his 
widow, with her daughters Mary and Eunice 
and her son Tristram and his family, came to 



304 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Massachusetts and settled in Salisbury, in the 
north-east part of Essex County. The mother 
died in Nantucket in 1661. Tristram, who 
was born in l^ngland, married, and had five 
children jjefore coming to America. He died 
at Nantucket, October 2, 1681. Mis wife was 
Dionis Stevens, daughter of Robert Stevens, 
of 15ri.\ton, luigland. Their second son was 
Tristram, Jr., born about 1632. He lived in 
Newbury, and all the Coffins of that town are 
descended from him. His house was standing 
in 1S69, two hundred years old. He was a 
very active and infiuential citizen; was made 
Lieutenant of the first military company of 
Newbury, May 16, 1683; was Representative 
to General Court in 1695, 1700, 1701, and 
1702; and was a Deacon in the church for 
twenty years. He married March 2, 1652-3, 
Judith, daughter of Edmund and Sarah Green- 
leaf, and widow of Henry Somerby. He died 
in Newbury in 1704. 

He had nine children, the eighth of whom, 
named Stephen, was born August 18, 1664, 
and died August 31, 1725. His wife was 
Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah (Mirick) 
Atkinson. They had a large family of chil- 
dren. Their son Stephen, Jr., born in 1698, 
married August 16, 1722, Sarah Boardman, 
and had seven children. The second son was 
Stephen, third, who was born August t,o, 
1730, antl died May 26, 1822. He married 
January 30, 1752, Sarah Knight, who died 
June 20, 1823. 

Of their five children, John, the fourth, 
was born December i, 1762. He was a 
gentleman of the old school, courteous and 
high-minded. He was County Squire and did 
considerable writing of legal documents. He 
was a large property owner. He carried on 
a boat-building business, and also did some 
farming atid operated a grist-mill, which was 
standing until recently, when it was torn 



down. His wife was before marriage Anna 
Pettengill. Their five children were: Beniah ; 
John; Samuel Pettengill who died in the West 
Indies when young; Joseph Moulton; and 
William Boardman. 

Joseph Moulton Cofifin was born February 4, 
1798. He succeeded his fatiier in the boat 
business, building chiefly for the fishing 
traffic. He married Hannah Buswell, a daugh- 
ter of Amos and Nabby (Eaton) Buswell. 
She was born September 8, 1802 ; and she died 
January 8, 1883, having long survived her hus- 
band, the date of whose death was September 4, 
1865. 

Of their two sons, Amos B. , the sub- 
ject of this sketch, is the elder. He was edu- 
cated in the public school of Salisbury, which 
for a time was taught by his mother's sister. 
He began boat-building with his father, and 
carried on a large business, as many as a hun- 
dred boats being built in a single year. 
Always interested in educational matters, he 
served a year on the School I^oard, long before 
the change in the town's boundaries, in 18S6; 
and since that change he has been chairman 
of the board for a number of years and practi- 
cally in charge of the schools. When the flag 
was first unfurled from the March School at 
sunrise on July 4, 1891, Mr. Coffin made the 
speech as his daughter unrolled the stars and 
stripes to the breeze. This was a very inter- 
esting occasion, and many persons were pres- 
ent, and a collation was served. 

On June 14, 1855, Mr. Coffin married Ann 
Eliza Ha.skell, of Newburyport, daughter of 
Caleb, third, and Fannie M. (Betts) Haskell. 
Her grandfather, Caleb Haskell, second, was 
a fifer in the Revolutionary army. He en- 
listed May 6, 1775, under Captain h^zra Lunt, 
of Newburyport, was at the battle of Bunker 
IHll, the siege of Boston, and in Arnold's ex- 
pedition to (Quebec. The children of Mr. and 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



3°S 



Mrs. Coffin are Hannah Buswell and Mary 
Haskell, the former of whom, educated at the 
Putnam Free School, has been for some years 
a most successful teacher. Her first school 
was the Salisbury school, numbering fifty 
pupils; and she afterward taught in Deerfield 
and Amesbury. She is now at home. 

In politics the men of this branch of the 
family for generations, it may be remarked, 
have been Whigs and later Republicans. 
Although never aspiring to public office, they 
have always taken an active interest in public 
affairs, and have always been found at the 
polls on voting day. 

A number of the descendants of James, 
second, son of Tristram Coffin, Sr. , during the 
Revolutionary period adhered to the crown. 
The story of two of these — namely, Admiral 
Sir Isaac and General John Coffin, born in 
Boston, sons of Nathaniel Coffin, his majesty's 
Receiver-general — has been well told by a 
distinguished representative of the name, 
the late Charles Carleton Coffin, in his 
"Daughters of the Revolution," and is quoted 
here: "Isaac Coffin obtained an appointment 
in his majesty's navy in 1773. Upon the 
outbreak of the war he proffered his resigna- 
tion, not being willing to fight against his 
countrymen, but, being assured he would not 
be sent to North America, remained in the 
service of the king, rising by merit to the posi- 
tion of Rear Admiral. He retained through 
life a deep affection for his countrymen, and 
endowed a school on the island of Nantucket. 
His younger brother, John, sided with the 
king, joined the British forces, became a Cap- 
tain of a company of loyalists, served under 
Colonel Tarleton in South Carolina, becoming 
Major, Colonel, and after the war Major-gen- 
eral. He received a grant of several thousand 
acres of land in Nova Scotia. Though main- 
taining allegiance to the king, he had great 



respect and admiration for those who espoused 
the patriotic cause. " 




LIVER T. ROBERTS, a member of 
the well-known firm of Roberts & 
lloare, of Manchester, contractors 
and builders, was born April 12, 1850, son of 
Captain Oliver and Ruth (Foss) Roberts. 
The Roberts family is of Scotch-English de- 
scent. Andrew Roberts, grandfather of Oli- 
ver T., was a soldier in the War of 1S12. 
His wife, who was a Leach before her mar- 
riage was descended from one of that name, 
who emigrated to America in 1629, and 
settled in Manchester. Captain Oliver Rob- 
erts, who resides in West Manchester, has 
reached the age of seventy-five years. He 
was born and reared in this town, which he 
has made his home all his life. He has been 
engaged in the cod and other fishing business, 
having gone to the Grand Banks as master of 
various sailing-vessels. For many years he 
has been one of the Deacons of the Congre- 
gational Church of Manchester. Mrs. Ruth 
F. Roberts, who is now deceased, was a native 
of Strafford, N.H. 

Oliver T. Roberts received his elementary 
education in the public schools of Manchester. 
When eighteen years of age he was appren- 
ticed to Phillips & Killan, builders of this 
town. After serving jn apprenticeship of 
three years he worked for a number of years 
as journeyman for the same firm. He first 
engaged in business for himself in Manchester 
in the firm of Friend, Roberts & Hoare, which 
existed until Mr. P'riend withdrew, when it 
became the firm of Roberts & Hoare. This 
firm does an extensive business, and employs 
an average of sixty men the year round. 

Mr. Roberts has taken an active part in 
town affairs. He is well informed on all mat- 



3o6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



tcrs of genonil and local interest, and has 
made a study of political questions. He 
married Adaline M. Larcom, of Beverly 
Farms, and has one son, Mollis L. Mr. 
Roberts is an active member of the Congrega- 
tional Church of Manchester, and has served 
for some ten years as superintendent of its 
Sunday-school. Fraternally, he is a member 
of the Odd Fellows Lodge, of Manchester, 
also of North Siiore Lodge, American Order 
of United Workmen, being Past Master in 
both lodires. 




HARLES HENRY CHASE, a mem- 



ber of the Lynn School l^oard, was 
born October 26, 1847, in Swanzey, 
N.H. His mother, whose maiden name was 
Lydia C. Chadwell, born in Lynn, was a 
daughter of William Chadwell, who was the 
first depot master at the Eastern Railway sta- 
tion, and for some years served as Deputy 
Sheriff of Esse.x County. Charles Henry 
ceased to attend the public schools of Lynn 
when he was fourteen years old. Desirous 
tiien of finding some profitable employment, 
he entered the factory of S. S. Ireson, from 
whom he obtained his first knowledge of the 
shoe business, and remained with him eleven 
years, at the end of which Mr. Ireson retired 
from active life. He then secured a situation 
with B. F. Spinney & Co., and for five years 
worked in their factory at Norway, Me. In 
1881 he returned to Lynn, and since tiiat 
time has been connected with tlie firm of John 
Donnallan & Son. 

Mr. Chase has always been intensely inter- 
ested in public affairs, especially those per- 
taining to the municipality in which he lives; 
and for some time he has been officially con- 
nected with its government. I'"roin 1893 until 
1896, inclusive, he was a member of the Com- 



mon Council, serving for tiie first year on tiie 
Committees on Water Supply, Printing, and 
Enrolled Bills. In 1894 and 1895 he was 
president of the Council and as such (-.r officio 
member of the School Board, serving during 
that period on the Committees on Finance, 
Education, Water Supply, and Incidental Ex- 
penses. In 1896 he was a member of the 
Committees on Finance anil Education. He 
is now serving a three years' term as a mem- 
ber of the School Board, to which he was 
elected in 1896. In 1893 he was elected a 
trustee of the Lynn Public Library, and he 
was re-elected in 1896 for another term of 
three years, being now the secretary of the 
board. 

Mr. Chase is a member of Richard W. 
Drown Lodge, No. 106, I. O. O. F., of which 
he is Past Grand; of Lynn Encampment, No. 
58, I. O. O. F., being a Past Chief Patriarch 
and its Scribe since the organization of 
the lodge; and of the American Legion of 
Honor, being Commaniler of Fraternity Coun- 
cil, No. 26. He is a prominent and useful 
member of the Boston Street Methodist 
Church, the secretary and treasurer of the 
Boston Street Methodist Sunday-school Asso- 
ciation, and for the past eight years has been 
the secretary of the Y. M. C. A. On October 
31, 1872, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Nellie Poole, a daughter of Stephen D. 
Poole, of this city. One child has been born 
to them, a daughter. Bertha P. Chase. 



/^TeORGE CLEVELAND HIGGINS, a 
V 1^ I well-known business man of Lynn, 
was born November 19, 1845, in 
Orleans, Barnstable County, Mass., where his 
parents, Jonathan and Mary Doane Higgins, 
spent the larger part of their lives. His boy- 
hood was passed in Orleans, attending the 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



307 



public schools until he was sixteen years old. 
Coiiiing then to Lynn, he served an appren- 
ticeship at the trade of a morocco dresser and 
finisher with Pevear & Co., a firm with which 
he was connected for thirty-one years, carry- 
ing on a substantial business in this city and 
Boston. In 1892, leaving the company with 
which he had so long been identified, he 
opened an office as notary, conveyancer, etc., a 
business in which he is still actively engaged. 
Other interests occupy a portion of his time. 
He has been the treasurer and a director of 
the Guild Pianoforte Company since its incor- 
poration in 1895. 

Taking an intelligent interest in things per- 
taining to the municipal life of the city, Mr. 
Higgins has rendered valuable aid in inaugu- 
rating enterprises advantageous to the place 
both by counsel and service. P'rom 1881 
until 1S83, inclusive, he was a member of the 
Common Council. In 1888 he filled the 
Mayor's chair, performing his duties in a most 
creditable and satisfactory manner; and in 
1893 and 1894 he represented his district in 
the State legislature. When but eighteen 
years of age he enlisted in the PLighth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, and served from 
July, 1864, until he was mustered out on No- 
vember 10 of the same year. The memories 
of those few weeks spent in defence of the 
Union are still cherished by him. With 
many other brave comrades he is a member of 
General Lander Post, No. 5, G. A. R. He 
is likewise connected with Mount Carmel 
Lodge and Sutton Chapter, F. & A. M., and 
with Providence Lodge, No. 171, I. O. O. F. 
In politics he is an uncompromising Republi- 
can, and he had the honor of being the first 
Mayor elected in Lynn on the straight Re- 
publican ticket. 

On the first day of January, 1868, Mr. Hig- 
gins married Miss Ellen S. Irving, who was 



born in Waterville, Me., daughter of Asa and 
Abigail H. Irving. Mr. and Mrs. Higgins 
have three children; namely, Arthur J., 
George H., and Mabel C. He is a man of 
strong religious faith and a member of the 
Washington Street Baptist Church. 



/^^TeORGE B. KING, the janitor of the 
Vh^X Superior Court building at Law- 
rence, was born January 23, 1848, 
in Lowell, Middlesex County, son of the late 
William King. The father, born in 1810 in 
Paisley, Scotland, son of a weaver, while yet 
a lad, learned the weaver's trade from his 
father, and in 1830 emigrated to America. 
After a tedious voyage of two months on the 
Atlantic he landed in New York, whence he 
went to Philadelphia, where he was employed 
during the subsequent five years at his trade. 
Coming then to Massachusetts, he worked as 
a carpet weaver for several years, after which 
he invested his savings in a farm in Fremont, 
Sullivan County, N.Y. In 1867 he removed 
to Lawrence, Mass., and in company with Iiis 
eldest son, William A. King, engaged in the 
manufacture of dress braid for a number of 
years. Selling out his business, he thereafter 
made his home in Pelham, N.H., until his 
death, at the age of seventy-three years. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth 
Smith, born in Scotland, died in Pelham, 
having survived him two years. They had 
five children — Anna, William, George B., 
James, and Jennie. Jennie died in Pelham at 
the age of twenty-two years. 

George B. King received such educational 
advantages as were offered by the district 
school, which he attended irregularly, as the 
opportunity offered. At the age of eighteen 
he began learning the painter's trade, which 
he followed continuously until 1884, when he 



3o8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



was appointed by the County Commissioners 
to his present office as janitor, a position 
which he has since filled to the satisfaction 
of all concerned. Although his school days 
were limited in number, Mr. King has ob- 
tained a good knowledge of various sciences. 
He is well versed in geology, which he 
studied from boyhood, and in palasontology 
and entomology. On the latter subject he is 
considered an authority in this locality. In 
his laboratory, a room in the south-east corner 
of the upper story of the court building, he has 
a rare collection of insects, the acquirement of 
which has cost him years of study and toil. 
The cases and drawers devoted to ants alone 
would cover some forty square feet of sjiace, 
while those filled with other interesting 
species dear to the entomologist would occupy 
nearly twice as much room. In his investiga- 
tions he has necessarily worked at a great 
disadvantage, having had no preparatory 
knowledge to guide him. Yet what he has 
accomplished is marvellous when compared 
with that of students having easy access to 
every department of learning. On July 6, 
1 87 1, Mr. King married Julia, daughter of 
Daniel and Eliza (Nichols) Eastman, of Law- 
rence. Of their six children, one died in 
infancy. The five living are: George, of 
Lawrence; Lillie; Ada; l^la; and Charles. 
Charles, a bright boy of thirteen years, is as 
much interested in natural history as his 
father, and makes regular pets of insects. 
Mr. King is a member of the Improved Order 
of Red Men and of the Scottish Clan. 



(IIARLES BOYNTON, formerly a 
well-known merchant of Newbury, 
was born in Rowley, Mass., Sep- 
tember 8, 1 81 3, son of Ebenezer and Jane 
(Todd) Boynton. His father, Ebenezer Boyn- 




ton, who was a farmer and merchant of Row- 
ley, was born in Gloucester, Sandy Bay (now 
Rockport), in 1771. His banns of marriage 
to Jane Todd were published October ig, 
1790. She was born in Rowley, July 19, 
1773, and was a daughter of Daniel Todd, Jr., 
and Jane (Pickard) Todd. Ebenezer Boynton, 
who was familiarly known as Major Eben, 
died May 15, 183S, aged sixty-eight years. 
His wife, Jane, survived him nearly fifteen 
years, dying April 20,1853, aged seventy-nine 
years and nine months. Their children were 
as follows: Jane, born in 1798, married a Mr. 
Richards, and died June 29, 1876; libenezer, 
born January 26, 1800, died February 28, 
1850; Daniel, born May 30, 1805, died April 
3, 1891 ; Henry, born November 17, 1807, 
died April 6, 1888; William, born February 
I, 1810, died January 6, 1897; Charles, born 
September 8, 1S13, died January 22, 1896; 
Ezekiel, born in July, 181 5, died July 17, 
1858; John, born May 15, 1818, died January 
23, 1888. 

After receiving his education in the schools 
of Rowley, Charles Boynton went when a 
young man to Boston, where he learned the 
cabinet-maker's trade, which he followed in 
that city for some years. Returning subse- 
quently to Georgetown, he conducted business 
for a time as a cabinet-maker in company 
with his brother William. He then went 
into the commission fruit and produce 
business, buying in large quantities from 
the farmers throughout the county, and 
making his shipments to Boston. He also 
dealt largely in horses, many of which he 
furnished on contract to the government 
during the Civil War. In 1870 he removed 
to Gloucester, where he owned and carried on 
a large livery and sale stable, and where he 
also opened a provision market. Seven years 
later he sold his livery business and returned 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



3°9 



to Newbury, having purchased of E. P. Shaw 
a beautiful residence in the village, command- 
ing a fine view of the sea and of the well- 
known resorts of Salisbury and Tlum Island. 

Mr. ]3oynton was twice married : first, in 
1836 (banns published July 30), to Sibyl P. 
Hunt, who was born in 181 1 at West 
Charleston, Vt., and who died January 21, 
1855. She was a daughter of Moses Hunt, 
who had four children — Sibyl P., Wealthy, 
Petsey, and Mahala. Wealthy married a Mr. 
Carr, and had two children — Adelaide and 
Eddie. Adelaide became the wife of Hollis 
Warren, and removed to California, where she 
now resides. Eddie, who also married, is 
now deceased. Betsey Hunt married first Ira 
Warren and for her second husband Tidson 
Lyons. They lived on a farm in West 
Charleston, Vt. Mahala Hunt became the 
wife of Chauncey P'uller, and resided at South 
Barton, Vt. Both she and her husband are 
now deceased. Mr. Boynton's second wife, 
to whom he was united in November, 1855, 
was previously Mrs. Jane Y. Hills Hilliard, 
widow of Benjamin Hilliard. She was a 
native of Georgetown, a daughter of Charles 
and Hettie (Chase) Hills, and a grand-daugh- 
ter of Obadiah Hills, one of the minute-men 
of 1776. Mr. Boynton's children, four in 
number, were all by the first wife, namely: 
Olive Ann, who died in August, 1876, aged 
thirty-seven years; Charles Albert; Ira War- 
ren, who died in infancy; and Arthur Warren, 
born January 2, 185 1. The last named was 
associated in business with his father for some 
years, and later went to New York, where he 
is now successfully engaged as an advertising 
agent. He married October 31, 1883, Emilie 
Seifert, of New York. The father, Charles 
Boynton, died in 1896 at the advanced age of 
eighty-two years. Until within the last five 
or si.x years of his life it was his custom to 



visit his headquarters at Bennett & Rand's, 
Boston, nearly every week; and his familiar 
figure was also seen daily, early and late, 
visiting the various sections of the county in 
which he had dealings with the farmers. His 
wife, who survives him, resides in Newbury. 
Charles A. Boynton was born October 7, 
1842. He was reared and educated in George- 
town, and began at an early age to assist his 
father, with whom he remained until he was 
twenty-one years old. He then went to Provi- 
dence, K.I., where for five years he was in the 
employ of the Union Railroad Company. 
Later he was for four years associated with his 
father in Gloucester. For some years there- 
after he was engaged in the hotel business. 
He now resides in Everett, Mass. 



W^"' 



ASHINGTON BURNHAM, a re- 
ired farmer of Essex, was born in 
this town, January 30, 1819, son of 
Benjamin and Lucy (Hardy) Burnham. The 
Burnham family, which has been identified 
with the town of Essex for seven generations, 
was founded by Lieutenant Thomas Burnham, 
who was born in Norwich, Norfolk County, 
P3ngland, in 1623. He came to America in 
1635 on board the ship "Angel Gabriel," 
commanded by his maternal uncle, Captain 
Andrew, which was wrecked upon the coast of 
Maine. Thomas Burnham settled in Che- 
bacco, now Essex, and shortly afterward 
joined the expedition against the Pequot tribe 
of Indians. In 1667 he was granted a saw- 
mill privilege near Essex Falls. He became 
a large land-owner, and also attained promi- 
nence in public affairs. He served as a Se- 
lectman in 1647 anil on town committees, in 
1664 was appointed Sergeant of the Ipswich 
Company, in 1665 was made PZnsign, and in 



310 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



1683 a Lieutenant. He served as a Deputy 
to the General Court in 1683, 1684, and 1685. 
Lieutenant Thomas ]5urnham died in June, 
1694. In 1645 he wedded Mary Lawrence, 
who was probably a step-daughter of John 
Tuttle. 

His second child, John Burnham, the next 
in line, was born in 1648. He married June 
6, 1668, Elizabeth Wells, and had a family 
of nine children, as follows: John, Thomas, 
Jacob, Joseph, Abigail, Jacob (second), Jon- 
athan, David, and Mary. David Burnham, 
son of John, was born in Essex in 1688, and 
died in 1770. His first wife was Elizabeth 
Perkins, and his second wife Elizabeth Bart- 
lett. By his first union there were five 
children; namely, Elizabeth, David, Sarah, 
Abigail, and Wesley. The children by his 
second union were: Isaac, Joseph, and Will- 
iam. David Burnham, Jr., was born in Essex, 
June 17, 1714, and died December 27, 1802. 
He married Elizabeth Marshall, who was born 
in 171 5, and died in 1 801. Of this union 
were born the following named children — 
Amos, David, a second David, Elizabeth, 
Moses, Hannah, Enoch, Susannah, Benjamin, 
a second Moses, and Parker. 

Benjamin Burnham, grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was born in 1755. He 
enrolled himself among the patriots at the out- 
break of the Revolutionary War, and served 
until the end of the struggle. He vk^as pres- 
ent at the battle of Bunker Hill, and for three 
years acted as an Aide-de-camp to General 
Washington. He lived to be ninety-two years 
old, and died in 1847. His wife, Susannah 
Day, died in 1843. Their children were: 
Benjamin, Susannah, Abner, Thirza, and 
Silas. 

Benjamin Burnham, Jr., Washington Burn- 
ham's father, was born in Essex, March 8, 
1778. He learned the trade of a ship-carpen- 



ter, which he followed in his native town for 
the greater part of his life. His last days 
were passed in Amesbury, Mass., where he 
died September 29, 1838. He was twice mar- 
ried, and by his union with Polly Knovvlton, 
his first wife, there were six children; 
namely, Esther, Timothy, Washington, Edwin 
W., Mary, and Mary D. His second wife, 
Lucy Hardy, who was a native of Esse.x, was 
the mother of five children, as follows: Wash- 
ington, the subject of this sketch; Cyrus H., 
born September 15, 1820; Lafayette, who was 
born August 26, 1824, and died May 14, 1825; 
Lafayette, second, born March 21, 1827, died 
March 19, 1844; and Benjamin F., born July 
29, 1829. Cyrus H. Burnham married Au- 
gust 20, 1848, Mary J. Morse, now deceased. 
He died in 1893. Benjamin F. Burnham and 
his wife, who was an English lady, are both 
deceased. Their son, James Franklin Burn- 
ham, resides in Boston. Mrs. Lucy Hardy 
Burnham died in 1872. 

Washington Burnham acquired his educa- 
tion in the common schools and at the Ames- 
bury Academy. He began active life as a 
ship-carpenter, having learned that trade with 
his father; and he followed it for about eight 
years. He then carried on lumbering opera- 
tions in New Hampshire for a time, and after- 
ward, going to Virginia, was for four years 
engaged in cutting ship timber and wood, 
which he supplied to the New York market. 
In 1857 he settled ujion his present farm in 
tlssex, and followed agricultural pursuits vvith 
energy and success until his retirement, 
which took place some years since. 

On December 25, 1841, Mr. Burnham was 
united in marriage with Mary B. Giddings, 
who was born in Rockport, Mass., in January, 
1 81 7, daughter of Aaron and Mary (Brooks) 
Giddings. She became the mother of three 
children, namely: Lamont Giddings, born 




WILLIAM \V. COI.m-, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



3^3 



August 5, 1844; Mary Isabelle, born in 
Amesbury, Mass., October 4, 1848; and 
Florence May, born April 12, 1851. Mary 
Isabelle ikirnham was married in 1866 to 
Frank F. Andrews, a prosperous farmer of 
Essex, and has two children — Lawrence E. 
and Mary F. Florence May is the wife of 
Frank Adams, an expressman, of Gloucester, 
Mass., and has five children. Mrs. Mary B. 
Giddings Burnham died June 3, 1891. 

In politics Mr. Burnham is an earnest sup- 
porter of the Republican party, but has never 
aspired to prominence in public affairs. He 
has, however, rendered valuable aid to the 
cause of public education in Essex, having 
been a member of the School Board nine years, 
and Superintendent of Schools four years. 
He has attained success both as a business 
man and a farmer, and the fruits of his indus- 
try enable him to pass his declining years in 
rest and recreation. 

Lamont Giddings Burnham, the well-known 
Boston coal merchant, is a veteran of the 
Civil War. Enlisting in 1862 in Company 
E, Forty-eighth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteers, he served under General Banks 
at the capture of New Orleans, and was pres- 
ent at the siege of Port Hudson. Later he 
joined Company F, Third Massachusetts 
Regiment, with which he served until the 
close of his term of enlistment. He served 
as Provost under General Moore for five years 
with rank of Captain. He was appointed 
Captain of Troop D, of Roxbury, but later re- 
tired from the service. His business career 
was begun in Boston with Batchelrler Brothers; 
and three years later he entered the coal busi- 
ness with Charles F. Newell, under the firm 
name of Newell & Burnham. In 1871 Mr. 
Newell retired, and from that time until i8g8 
the business was carried on under the name 
of L. G, Burnham & Co., this well-known 



concern being perhaps the most extensive 
distributer of coal in New England, and, 
besides having unexcelled facilities for re- 
ceiving and handling their cargoes, owning 
several vessels and barges engaged in trans- 
porting coal to Boston from the various coal 
ports. In 1898 the Metropolitan Coal Com- 
pany was organized, with Mr. L. G. Burnham 
as president. This comprises five of the 
most extensive coal firms of Boston and 
vicinity. Mr. L. G. Burnham was president 
of the Boston Chamber of Commerce for 1891 
and 1892, was in the latter year elected the 
chief executive of the West India Fibre 
Company and of the Roxbury Central Wharf 
Company. He is a director of the Boston 
Fruit Company and of the Mechanics' 
National Bank, and was recently appointed 
a member of the board of trustees of the 
Boston City Hospital. He is one of the 
most prominent figures in Boston business 
circles. 

On June 30, 1880, Mr. Lamont G. Burnham 
was joined in marriage with Mrs. Mary Ame- 
lia Wood, daughter of Rufus Merrill, of Low- 
ell, Mass. 




ILLIAM WALLACE COLBY, an 
undertaker and funeral director of 
Lawrence, and one of those who 
have carried on this business longest in this 
city, was born in Eaton, now Madison, N. H., 
June 24, 18 18, son of Ebenezer Colby. The 
Colby family traces its ancestry back in a di- 
rect line to the year 1 133. It was first repre- 
sented on American soil by Anthony Colby, 
who came from old England to New England 
at a very early date, settling in Amesbury, 
Essex County. The Colby homestead in 
Amesbury, that has not been out of the posses- 
sion of the family since it was acquired by 



314 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Anthony Colby, is now owned and occupied 
by two maiden sisters. 

Coleman Colby, the grandfather of William 
W., was a New Hampshire farmer. He was 
first Biarried to Phoebe Garland, and subse- 
quently to a Miss Barrows. He reared nine 
children; namely, Coleman, Ebenezer, Judith, 
Timothy, Phcebe, Rachel, Abram, Richard, 
and Lorenzo. Richard, a lawyer, died com- 
paratively young. Lorenzo had reached the 
age of fourscore when he died in Chel- 
sea, Mass. Ebenezer Colby, born in Eaton, 
N.H., March 12, 1791, died in the same place 
in the winter of 1859. An industrious hus- 
bandman, he toiled early and late on his 
rocky farm to support his family. He was 
twice married. His first wife, Dorothy, a 
daughter of Philip Jackson, of Eaton, N.H., 
died at the age of forty-two years. Of their 
six children, a daughter died in infancy. The 
others were: John, Mary Ann, William Wal- 
lace, Charlotte, and Stephen. A second mar- 
riage united Ebenezer with Mary Morrison, of 
Freedom, N. H., who bore him three children 
— Eben, Albion, and Mary. Of his nine chil- 
dren, two are living — William W. and Eben. 
Eben is a farmer in Moultonboro, N.H. 

After completing his education in the dis- 
trict schools of Eaton, William W. Colby as- 
sisted in the care of the home farm until he 
attained his majority. Then, in June, 1839, 
he left home with ten dollars in his pockets, 
five of which was borrowed from a neighbor, 
and began the struggle of life in earnest. 
Having taken the stage-coach at three o'clock 
in the morning, he reached Dover, some 
seventy miles distant, at ten o'clock that 
night. Early next day he resumed his jour- 
ney, reaching Haverhill, Mass., at three 
o'clock in the afternoon. Here he accepted 
work on a farm at twelve dollars a month. 
At the end of nine months he had saved 



ninety-six dollars, for which he took his em- 
ployer's note. During the ensuing winter, in 
East Haverhill, he worked as an apprentice at 
the shoemaker's trade for his board. In the 
following summer he took charge of the farm 
of a widow in the vicinity. About eight 
years after his marriage he settled in Law- 
rence, where he was active in municipal 
affairs for a time. In 1864 and 1865 he was 
a member of the Common Council. After 
this he conducted an express business between 
Boston and Methuen for a time. During the 
years 1871 and 1872 he was superintendent of 
the cemetery. In 1875 he engaged in the 
undertaking business, which he has since suc- 
cessfully carried on. In politics he is a 
stanch Republican, and he belongs to the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. The senior 
Deacon of the Free Baptist church, he has the 
distinction of being the oldest living member 
of the society. 

Mr. Colby was married November 26, 1840, 
to Elizabeth A. F. George, a daughter of 
Moses George, of East Plaverhill, Mass. Of 
their ten children, three have passed away, 
namely: Eli, who died in infancy; Frederick 
A., at the age of fifteen years; and Edward 
L., who contracted consumption while serving 
in the late Rebellion, and died at Oakland, 
Cal., in June, 1887, leaving a widow and two 
children. The seven living are: George M., 
who is in the undertaking business with his 
brother; William R., who lives in the West, 
and has two children; Charles M., who is em- 
ployed by the Lawrence Board of Health; 
Arthur E., who is in business with his father, 
and has a wife and three children; Guy I., 
who is the manager of the meat market of 
Swift & Co. at Springfield, 111., and has a 
wife and three children; Susan Jane, who is 
the wife of Captain Frank F. Eastman, of the 
United States army, stationed at Vancouver, 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



315 



Wash., and has six children; and Mary F., 
who is the wife of John W. Bolton, of Law- 
rence, and has five children. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Colby died in July, 1874, aged fifty-three 
years. On September 2, 1875, ^'f''- Colby 
married Lavinia C. Pray, of I^awrence. They 
have one child, Alice Lavinia, who was grad- 
uated from the Lawrence High School in 
1897. 



/^TeORGE F. BAGLEY, of Amesbury, 
\J^ I the president of the Powow River 
Bank, was born here September 9, 
1829. He is a branch descendant of Captain 
Valentine Bagley, of whose famous well in 
Amesbury so much has been written. It is 
related that Captain Valentine, having been 
cast away, was suffering untold agony from 
thirst, when he registered a solemn vow that, 
if he lived to see his native town once more, 
he would dig a well both wide and deep to 
commemorate the event of his return. As a 
result, "Captain Valentine's Well" is one of 
the many historic spots in Amesbury. 

David Bagley, the grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was an extensive ship- 
builder. He died at the age of thirty- five 
years, leaving a large family of children. 
Among the latter was F'rederick Bagley, the 
father of George F., born in 1797, who was 
for many years interested in the manufacture 
of silver-plated carriage trimmings, and was 
subsequently connected with the mills in 
Amesbury. Owning considerable property, 
he was influential in the town. He was Tax 
Collector and Town Treasurer for a time, and 
a prominent member of the Baptist church, 
being clerk of the church for many years. He 
married Betsey Fowler, of Salisbury. His 
death occurred at the advanced age of seventy- 
one years. 



George F. Bagley was educated in the pub- 
lic schools. Afterward he spent six years 
in New York City, where he was employed by 
a firm dealing largely in ship supplies. 
Upon returning to Amesbury, he entered the 
Powow River Bank, with which institution he 
has been connected for forty-one years. Be- 
ginning his duties there as book-keeper, he 
was promoted to the position of cashier, and 
remained in this capacity for nineteen years. 
Since 1S77 he has been the president of the 
bank. He is also a trustee of the Provident 
Institution for Savings, and a director and 
vice-president of the Merrimac Hat Company. 
As the co-executor of the will of the poet 
Whittier, he holds many copyrights of Whit- 
tier's works. 

By his marriage with Sarah J. ]5row, of 
Amesbury, Mr. Bagley has one daughter, 
Susan E. Bagley, residing at home, whose 
talent as a musician is well known. Mr. Bag- 
ley is a member of the Warren- Lodge, F. & 
A. M., and has passed through all the chairs; 
and a charter member of the Trinity Chap- 
ter, R. A. M., of which for many years he 
was the treasurer. 



fj^OHN L. BLAISDELL, of Merrimac, 
a veteran of the Civil War, was born 
in Danville, N.H. His grandfather, 
John Blaisdell, was a Revolutionary pensioner 
of liast Kingston. John Blaisdell, Jr., son of 
John and father of John L. Blaisdell, was a 
private soldier stationed at Portsmouth, N.H., 
during the War of 1812. He had fourteen 
children, all of whom lived to maturity. One 
of them, Levi, served under Cushing in the 
Mexican War, and died at New Orleans at its 
close. The remaining brothers, five in num- 
ber, all enlisted for service in the Civil War. 
The subject of this sketch was appointed re- 



3i6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



cruiting officer by the Governor, and began 
the performance of his duty by enlisting him- 
self, probably the only instance of the kind on 
record. Two of his brothers also enlisted in 
the same company, and with twenty-two other 
volunteers joined the Third New Hampshire 
Infantry. Mr. Blaisdell was afterward made 
a non-commissioned officer. He went to 
Washington with his company, and was sub- 
sequently at Hilton Head, S.C., at Morris 
Island, and, later, successively at Fort Wag- 
ner, at Fort Secess on the James River, and 
at Fort Darling. He was wounded at Drury 
Bluff, having served about four years, by a 
cannon-ball which grazed him from the right 
shoulder to the left, knocking him senseless 
and tearing his clothing from the breast, 
where the scars arc still visible. The seri- 
ous injuries he sustained caused him soon 
afterward to be honorably discharged. His 
brothers Luther and Lorenzo joined the 
Forty-eighth Massachusetts Regiment, and 
were out fourteen months. Lorenzo was 
slightly wounded in the leg by a spent ball. 
Josiah and Samuel served with their brother 
John L., and neither of them was wounded 
during the war. Returning subsequently to 
civil life, Mr. Blaisdell settled in Merrimac, 
where he engaged in general teaming, and 
also followed his trade of stone mason. He 
served as Surveyor for some years, and in 
1896 was appointed Road Superintendent. 
He is a member of the Grange, and is a well- 
known, prosperous, and respected citizen. 




"ON. J. OTIS WINKLEY, ex-Mayor 
of Newburyport, was born February 
26, i<S47, in t'l'*' P'lft of Newbury 
now called Newburyport, son of Paul T. and 
Abigail K. (Otis) Winkley. The father, 
born in Barnstead, N.H., taught school when 



a young man. Subsequently, for fifty years, 
he was a prosperous farmer in Newburyport. 
His death occurred on April ig, 1890, at the 
age of eighty. He was a faithful member of 
the Baptist church, and aided materially in 
building the Green Street Baptist Church in 
Newburyport. His wife, Abigail K., was a 
daughter of the Hon. Job Otis, of Strafford, 
who owned and carried on a large farm, was 
prominent in the community, and served in 
many public offices. At one time Mr. Otis 
was strongly urged to run for Governor, but 
refused. He died at the age of eighty-eight. 
Mrs. Abigail Winkley died in 1880 at the age 
of sixty-two, leaving six children. Of these, 
five are now living, two sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

J. Otis Winkley, the third of his parents' 
children, was educated at Newburyport, com- 
pleting his studies at the high school. After 
leaving school, he attended to a milk route for 
a number of years. He has always lived on the 
old homestead, a farm of some hundred acres, 
which he has kept up and improved throughout 
his life. He is a strong Democrat. Begin- 
ning in 1874, he was a member of the Common 
Council for three years. In 1877, 1883, and 
1884 he was an Alderman. He was Registrar 
of voters in 1884, 1885, and 1886; and he be- 
came Mayor of the city in the year 1887. 
During his Mayoralty the No. 2 Engine- 
house was built, and the present almshouse, 
which has been pronounced the finest building 
of its kind in the State. In 1892 he was first 
elected Assessor, in which capacity he served 
for six years. He has been a member of the 
Newburyport Veteran Artillery Association; 
is one of the original members of the Mayors' 
Club, to which he still belongs; an Odd Vc\- 
low of Ouascacanquen Lodge, No. 39, Merri- 
mac Encampment, No. 7, and Canton Har- 
mony, No. 47, Patriarchs Militant. He also 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



317 



belongs to the Ncwburyport Board of Trade 
and the Dalton Club. Mr. Winkley's record 
in public life has won for him the high es- 
teem of his fellow-citizens. 



I BEN WOODBURY, who was a real 
estate dealer of Lawrence, and resided 
at 232 Broadway, corner of Bradford 
Street, was born July 15, 1824, in Pelham, 
N.H., son of Ebenezer and Hannah (Young) 
Woodbury, both of whom were natives of the 
same town. Ebenezer Woodbury, born in 
1798, died at the age of thirty-three, leaving 
his widow with nine small children. The 
latter comprised four sons and five daughters, 
all of whom married; and all had large 
families, except one, who had but two chil- 
dren. Of the nine, two daughters are living. 
A man of considerable mechanical ability, the 
father was able to turn his hand to a variety 
of occupations. He worked at carpentry, cab- 
inet-making, masonry, and painting, accom- 
plishing a good deal in his short life. His 
final sickness lasted fifteen months. His 
mother lived to be ninety-nine years old. 
Mrs. Hannah Woodbury, who came of a 
long-lived race, attained the age of ninety- 
two. Her mother was a centenarian; and her 
only surviving sister, who was the widow 
Wilson, of Pelham, was nearly one hundred 
years old when she died in 1897. 

Beginning when but eight years old, Eben 
Woodbury worked at the shoemaker's bench 
with his eldest brother, John, until his eigh- 
teenth year. He was married when not quite 
twenty, and owned his first home in Andover, 
Mass., where he built a comfortable six-room 
cottage at a cost of less than six hundred dol- 
lars. He settled in Andover in 1846, and 
there worked at his trade until past thirty-five. 
Leaving his family in Andover, he came to 



Lawrence, and became a salesman in the gro- 
cery store of Deacon Payson at the corner of 
Lowell Street and Broadway, receiving 
seventy-five cents per day. While he was a 
clerk for Mr. Payson, he helped him establish 
a meat business and build up a good trade. 
In the early sixties in company with his son- 
in-law, Carlton Grimes, he embarked in the 
grocery business on his own account. In a 
comparatively short time they had a flourish- 
ing business in groceries, meats, provisions, 
and shoes, gave employment to seven men and 
four teams, and were making a thousand dol- 
lars per month. Mr. Woodbury retired from 
the business about the year 1877. Before 
then he had built the fine block fronting on 
Broadway and Bradford Street, eighty-five feet 
front by one hundred feet deep. At one time 
he owned three corners here. He purchased 
the one on which he resided in i860. In 
1882 he pulled down a small ten-room house 
that stood upon it, and built the handsome 
three-story house, with French roof, contain- 
ing thirty-four rooms, making four distinct 
tenements, and which was his home. The 
beautiful elm-trees that furnish shade were 
planted by him. 

Mr. Woodbury was married to Mehitable 
Ames, of Andover, Mass., the birthplace of 
her parents. Her grandfather or great-grand- 
father came to Andover from the State of 
Maine; and the house that he built is still 
standing on the old farm, which is now owned 
by Moses B. Ames, a brother of Mrs. Wood- 
bury. She is the mother of five children; 
namely, Mary A., Moses E., Emma Jane, 
Sarah Amanda, and Simeon A. Mary A. 
Woodbury is now the wife of Ingraham Dodge. 
Moses E., who is also married, resides at 72 
Bradford Street. Of his five children, two are 
living. Emma Jane, the wife of Rufus W. 
Wheelock, has had three children, of whom 



3'8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



two are living. Sarah Amanda, wife of Sid- 
ney H. Brigham, who has been in the post- 
office some thirty years, has one daughter. 
Simeon A. Woodbury, unmarried and living 
at home, is managing the real estate business 
of the firm of E. Woodbury & Co. with his 
brother-in-law, Rufus W. Wheelock. Their 
office is at 553 Essex Street, where it has 
been located for ten years. Mrs. Woodbury 
has been in poor health for a number of years. 
Previously a Democrat in politics, Mr. Wood- 
bury became a stanch Republican at the com- 
mencement of the Civil War. He was one of 
the oldest members of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows in Lawrence. In religious 
belief he was a Congregationalist. He died 
in October, 1897. 




iURRAY BROTHERS COMPANY, 
wholesale grocers and receivers of 
produce and provisions in Law- 
rence and Haverhill, Mass., are among the 
best known business men of Essex County. 
George E. and Charles N. Murray are Maine 
men, sons of Lewis and Belle (Goodwin) Mur- 
ray, of Lebanon, York County. George Mur- 
ray, father of Lewis, born in Lebanon, Me., 
about the year 17S1, died in 1853. He was a 
son of Deacon Thomas Murray, of Lebanon, 
who died when about forty-two years old. 
George married Dorcas Bean, of Sanford, Me., 
who survived him ten years, dying at the age 
of seventy-seven. They rest in the family 
burial-ground on the old farm, where his 
father settled when the district was a wilder- 
ness. Besides carrying on the farm, George 
Murray also worked as a shoemaker. 

Lewis Murray succeeded his father on the 
farm, settling upon it after his marriage. Be- 
fore that he taught school for a time. When 
his children were young, most of the food and 



clothing was produced on the farm. The boys 
many years after remembered when their plain 
clothing was made by their mother from the 
raw material, her deft fingers carding, sjjin- 
ning, weaving, cutting, and sewing pants and 
blouses. Of the si.x children, five attained 
maturity — George E., Charles N., Frank L. , 
Cora Belle, and Mary I. Mary became the 
wife of Charles V. Richardson, of Sanford, 
Me. The father, a stanch Republican, has 
filled many of the town offices. Fraternally, 
he is a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He is senior Deacon of the 
First Baptist Church, with which he has long 
been connected. 

George E. Murray, born November 24, 
1854, graduated at Colby University, Water- 
ville, Me., in 1S79, having taught during va- 
cations to pay his college expenses. On Au- 
gust I of that year he came to Lawrence, and 
began a retail business in the basement of the 
Franklin House with his brother, Charles N., 
as partner, forming the firm of Murray 
Brothers. After remaining there for three 
years, they removed to the Ordway Block, and 
opened the Pacific Cash Store, where they 
built up a large business, employing eight 
clerks and five teams. In 1887 they bought 
the grain and produce business of Milton, 
Bonney & Co., and for two years ran both 
stores. Selling the Pacific Cash Store to 
Walker & Jewell, they then embarked in the 
wholesale grocery business in the old Bonney 
Block, and have since done a thriving busi- 
ness. In 1S92 the present corporation was 
formed with a capital stock of thirty thousand 
dollars and the following officers: George E. 
Murray, president; Charles N. Murray, treas- 
urer; W. D. Currier, clerk; and George E. 
Murray, Charles N. Murray, W. D. Currier, 
antl lulward Devlin, directors. Up to April 
I, 1897, their stand was 544 and 546 Essex 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



319 



Street, Lawrence. Then, the business having 
outgrown those quarters, they leased and moved 
to the building at 617 Common Street, near 
the Boston & Maine passenger station, which 
is ninety by thirty-five feet, and four stories 
in height. They occupy the entire building, 
including the basement, in which they have a 
spacious cold storage for butter, eggs, etc. 
Being on the Boston & Maine Railroad spur, 
and having an hydraulic elevator, their facil- 
ities for receiving and shipping goods are ex- 
ceptionally good, while the light and airy 
offices are fitted up with the latest and best 
conveniences. A branch house has been in 
Haverhill since 1893. 

In 1885, on Thanksgiving Day, George E. 
Murray married Cora B. Tuttle, of Athens, 
Me. She is a daughter of James H. and 
Amanda (Grant) Tuttle. Up to si.x months 
ago her four grandparents as well as both of 
her parents were living. Her grandfather 
Grant, now well into the nineties, is still 
bright and active. Mr. Murray built his fine 
home in Andover in 1893, and has lived there 
since. While he votes for Republican candi- 
dates, his time is so fully occupied that he 
finds little leisure for politics. A member of 
the First Baptist Church, he is a Deacon and 
a teacher of the adult Bible class. He and 
his brothers are bright, genial gentlemen so- 
cially, and their success in business attests 
the high esteem in which they are held. 




RKSS BROTHERS, carriage manufact- 
ig^x urers, doing a successful business at 

loi to 113 Common Street, Law- 
rence, are one of the most reputable houses 
in the city. There are two brothers in the 
firm, Herman and Otto Kress, both natives 
of Reuss, Germany, the former born in 1846, 
and the later in 1856. Henry Kress, the 



father, spent his life in Germany. A hand- 
loom weaver by trade, he lived in humble cir- 
cumstances. Honest and industrious, he was 
respected throughout the community. He was 
a local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal 
faith, laboring for love and receiving no mone- 
tary remuneration. When he died at the age 
of sixty years, he had planned to visit this 
country. His wife died at the age of fifty-five 
years. They had six children — five sons and 
a daughter; namely, Edward, Herman, Otto, 
Louis, Eberhardt, and Emma. Edward, now 
the pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church 
in Defiance, Ohio, came to this country in 
1869. Herman and Louis came in the follow- 
ing year. Louis died in August of the same 
year, being then nineteen years of age. Otto 
came in 1871. liberhardt married, and re- 
mained in the Fatherland on the old home- 
stead where his parents were laid to rest. 

Herman and Otto Kress came direct to 
Lawrence. Not having any capital to engage 
in business for themselves, they learned the 
wagon-maker's trade. Herman hired out to 
Frederick Marquard on Haverhill Street, and 
within two years became a partner. In 1874 
he bought his partner's interest, and moved 
the factory to 100 Concord Street, where he 
did business for three years. Mr. Marquard 
repurchased the business in 1877, and Herman 
was employed by J. M. Graham on the wood- 
work of carriages. After spending seven 
years at this, he again started in business for 
himself. In 1886 his brother. Otto F. Kress, 
who had been in business in Salem, N.H., 
became his partner. Their combined energies 
enabled them, within a year, to buy out Mr. 
Graham, who had previously done all the iron 
work. Since then, round by round, they have 
mounted the ladder of success until to-day 
they stand the sole proprietors of the large 
plant and flourishing business of the leading 



320 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



carriage manufactory in the city. Having 
started in 1877 in an old dwelling-house of a 
twenty-two foot frontage, and employing but 
two men, they now occupy a lot one hundred 
and two feet front by ninety-three feet deep; 
a three-story frame building sixty by forty- 
seven feet, besides a dwelling, lumber sheds, 
and barn ; and they employ a force of nineteen 
men. Their present shop is fitted with 
modern machinery and every improvement that 
ingenuity can devise for carrying on their 
work advantageously. They make a great 
variety of heavy and light wagons and sleighs, 
and in every department the quality of the 
work is kept to a high standard. They also 
do general repairing and blacksmith work. 
In their most adverse days, by untiring energy 
and perseverance, they kept the business on a 
solid basis, always meeting their obligations 
by paying one hundred cents on the dollar. 
Now, besides doing a large local business, 
they ship goods to all parts of New England 
and to New York. They have built from the 
foundation, as their parents were too poor to 
give them more than a good home training. 
Herman Kress was married in 1S70 to 
Emily Miller, of Ealkenheim, Germany, who 
came to the country in the same ship with 
him. Of their seven children, two died in 
infancy. Those living are: Ered, lulward V., 
Benjamin Eranklin, Minnie, and Samuel. 
Samuel is a boy of twelve. I'"red, a mechanic, 
is employed in the shop. The two youngest 
children are in school. The family reside at 
55 Woodland Street, which was built by Mr. 
Kress after his marriage. Otto Kress was 
married on December i, 1876, to Lizzie J. 
Euller, of Thomaston, Me., a daughter of Asa 
and Mary (Snow) Euller. Both their children 
are living, namely: lulward I*"., a young man 
of twenty, who is a blacksmith in the shop; 
and I'>a Belle, aged fourteen, attending the 



public schools. They live at 21 Valley 
Street, which has been their home since 1877. 
In piilitics the Kress Brothers are Republi- 
cans, but with strong prohibition tendencies. 
Herman Kress is an active worker in the Ger- 
man Methodist Episcopal church, while Otto 
is connected with the Garden Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Both are class leaders. 



fsffOHN BRODHEAD PIKE, a promi- 
nent citizen of Salisbury, was born in 
this town on New Year's Day, 1836, 
son of Caleb and Mary (Pike) Pike, He is a 
descendant in the seventh generation of 
Major Robert Pike, so justly famed in early 
Colonial days for sound judgment and clear- 
headed common sense, coupled with great 
ability and unbounded courage. 

Major Pike was born in Langford, England, 
in 16 16. He came to Salisbury in 1638; and 
from that time, for fifty years on, his name is 
connected with almost every event of impor- 
tance in the history of the town. He was 
Representative to General Court, Lieutenant, 
Captain, Colonel, Major-general, a man of 
physical strength as well as mental and moral 
powers. It is related that on the voyage com- 
ing to America, he asked for larger rations, 
and upon the captain's asking, "What can 
you do more than others to deserve it?" he 
seized an iron bar, and ijcnt it neaiiy double 
across his knee. The astounded captain ex- 
claimed, "Bend it back again, and I will 
double your rationsl" This the young man 
(lid with apparent ease. Major Pike in many 
ways was far ahead of his times. He scorned 
the petty bigotries and narrowness of his age, 
and liatl a mind broad, charitable, and hu- 
mane. As early as 1643 he was one of seven 
townsmen in full charge of the town affairs. 
In 1654 he demanded of the General Court of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



321 



Massachusetts the release of Thomas Macy, 
immortalized by Whittier, and of Joseph Pear- 
ley, who had been sentenced to fine and im- 
prisonment for preaching the word of God 
without having been ordained. In those days 
the decrees of the General Court were held 
as infallible, almost sacred; and the Major's 
boldness created consternation on all sides. 
He declared that the men who voted for the 
measure violated their oaths as freemen, that 
their act was an outrage against liberty, both 
civil and ecclesiastical, and that he, more- 
over, stood ready to make his statement good. 
By way of punishment he was fined and dis- 
qualified for hokling office, but so necessary 
were his advice and judgment to the welfare 
of the colony that the disqualification was 
soon removed. 

Many other interesting incidents in his life 
are told: one, of his being arrested and fined 
for profaning the Lord's Day by starting be- 
fore sundown on Sunday to cross the Merri- 
mack in order to get an early start for Boston, 
before the ice should break up; another inci- 
dent tells of his disjjute with the great 
preacher, Wheelwright. The redoubtable 
Major, as magistrate, refused to acknowledge 
the supremacy of the church, and for his 
heresy was excommunicated, although it was 
not long before he was reinstated. He en- 
tered into the matter of the witchcraft perse- 
cutions with all the zeal of his nature, and 
denounced the cruel sacrifice of human life 
when no other man in the colony dared raise a 
murmur of protest. It is a matter of history 
that his action had great weight in checking 
-the craze. His manly action in defence of 
Quakers, who were ordered to be whipped 
from Dover to Boston, ten lashes in each 
town, is well known through Whittier's poem 
concerning the Salisbury constable. His 
humane treatment of the Indians during King 



Philip's War also does honor to the Major, 
whose soul was as generous as it was bold. 
He was on the Governor's Council for a quar- 
ter of a century; and, wherever the battle was 
to be fought for humanity, justice, and free- 
dom, there every time would the valiant Major 
be found, throwing the full weight of his in- 
fluence as champion. 

History has left meagre records of the de- 
scendants of Major Pike until recent times. 
The successive ancestors in this line have 
been as follows: Moses, born 1654; lilias, 
born 1692; Moses, second, born 1717; Moses, 
third, born 1750, who died 1845; and Caleb, 
father of Mr. John B. Pike. Moses Pike, 
third, was a man of unusual physical strength; 
and many are the deeds of prowess related of 
him. He enlisted early in the Provincial 
army in the Revolution, and came home on 
a furlough prior to June 17, I77S- His 
brother Elias, who took his place as substi- 
tute, was in the battle of Bunker Hill, and 
was severely wounded by a bullet in the leg. 

Caleb Pike, son of Moses, third, built the 
house now occupied by his son John B., in 
1814. His .children were: James, Caleb, 
Moses, Mary E. , and John B. James married 
Mary, daughter of the Rev. John Brodhead, an 
eminent divine, and has two children: James 
Thornton, of Newfield, N. H.; and Anna Ger- 
trude, now Mrs. Charles B. Kendall, of Bos- 
ton. James was a graduate of Middletown, and 
an eloquent and active preacher of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. He was Presiding 
Elder of the Third District of New Hamp- 
shire for a great many years. He was always 
interested in politics, and was candidate for 
governor, receiving nearly the required num- 
ber of votes for election. From 1855 to 1859 
he was in Congress. During the war he was 
Colonel of the Sixteenth New Hampshire 
Regiment, in the division of General Banks, 



322 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



of whom he was a personal friend. Moses 
Pike was killed in 1896 by receiving a kick 
from a horse, and his widow is living in Mr. 
John Pike's family. Mary E. Pike is now 
Mrs. Pettingell. 

John B. Pike's birthplace was the home- 
stead which was granted in 1638 to Major 
Pike, and has been in the family ever since. 
He was educated in the Putnam Free High 
School at Newburyport, and has been engaged 
in farming and blacksmithing, as were his 
father, grandfather, and great-grandfather. 
He has passed all his life in his native town, 
with the exception of the time he was in the 
Civil War. He enlisted in August, 1862, 
was with General Banks at Port Hudson, and 
was at Donaldsonville, went to liaton Rouge, 
and up the river in a steamer to Cairo, and 
came home by rail. After returning from the 
war, Mr. Pike engaged in blacksmith work. 
On his farm Mr. Pike cuts a large amount of 
salt hay. He pays considerable attention to 
fruit culture and poultry raising. Two years 
ago his fruit crop was eight hundred and sixty 
barrels, and last year three hundred. In 
April he averages daily thirty-three dozen 

eggs. 

Mr. Pike was married on June ig, 1867, to 
Ella F. Hughes. Their children are: Emma 
P"., born July 25, 1S68, now living at home, 
who has been a teacher of music at Science 
Hill School, near Louisville, Ky., for five 
years; Maurice C, born July 5, 1870, also at 
home; Fannie A., born September 11, 1872, 
who is niarried to F. A. Hardy, of Derry, 
N.H., superintendent in the shoe factory in 
that town; Bessie H., born October 2, 1874, 
a teacher in Natick; Lizzie, born January 6, 
1877; Mary E. , born June 13, 1880; Katy 
A., born July 19, 1881 ; and Jessie Blaine, 
born December 28, 1885, who died October 
18, 1889. 



BEN PARSONS, the founder of 
Fatherland Farm, was the second son 
of the Rev. Moses Parsons, who was 
ordained pastor of the Congregational church 
in By field, Newbury, June 20, 1745, and who 
during that summer removed his family from 
Gloucester to the old parsonage in this parish 
now owned in the family of the late Hon. 
Isaac Wheelwright, in which mansion liben 
was born I'ebruary 27, 1746. As a boy, he 
attended the town school until the opening 
of Dummer Academy in 1763, when he became 
a pupil of that institution in charge of the 
famous Master Moody. 

It is said of him that after leaving Dummer 
School he preferred business to the college 
education which was offered him by his father, 
and that accordingly he took his clothing in 
a bundle, and, with his shoes under his arm, 
started off on foot for Gloucester, declaring 
that, when he had earned money enough to do 
so, he should come back and buy the Dummer 
farm at Newbury P'alls. In Gloucester, Eben 
Parsons engaged in fishing off the coast of 
Cape Ann, but soon extended the business, 
acquiring several vessels of his own, by which 
he obtained the means to engage largely in 
commercial pursuits, later on sending his 
ships to all foreign ports then open to trade. 
He finally became one of the largest importers 
in the country, and had the reputation of 
being, in old-time i)arlauce, "a iirincely mer- 
chant. " 

In May of 1767 Mr. Parsons was married to 
Mary, daughter of Colonel John Gorham, of 
Barnstable; and a few years later he removed 
to Boston, where he had purchased a large and 
valuable estate as a home for himself and fam- 
ily. The house was situated on Summer 
Street, its garden and grounds occupying all 
the space between what are now Otis and 
Winthrop Places; while his cow pastured over 




EISEN PARSONS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



325 



the way on what was afterward called Church 
Green on account of its being occupied by the 
edifice of the Unitarian society which bore 
that name — "Church Green Society." The 
narrow passage-way just below Devonshire on 
Summer Street was the path to .Mr. Parsons' s 
barn, and is the only landmark now remaining 
of his home there. 

In the year 1801 the subject of our sketch, 
being then fifty-five years of age, carried out 
his declared intention of returning to his na- 
tive town and buying the Dummer place. 
Deeds recorded in Salem court-house attest to 
the fact that the first piece of land purchased 
by him in connection with this farm was 
bought from Richard Dummer and wife under 
date of Se]3tember 10 of that year. The ne.xt 
parcels of land were bought from Shubael 
Dummer and wife and Simeon Danforth and 
wife under dates of June 3 and 4, 1803. 
Other deeds of land purchased by him are re- 
corded in the same place. The present man- 
sion was built by Mr. Parsons in 1802, as evi- 
denced by the discovery, during late repairs, 
of coins of that date beneath hearthstones of 
the main house and cottage adjoining, which 
latter was built for a seed-house, having origi- 
nally many small rooms divided into compart- 
ments for the storage of farm ]iroducts in that 
line. 

The house and other buildings being com- 
pleted, the owner set about improving the 
premises by the building of solid walls of 
hewn stone, which was brought in vessels from 
Cape Ann quarries to Newburyport, and thence 
transported by gundelows over Parker River 
to the farm. These walls were built seven 
feet in height and three feet wide, with a 
foundation of proportionate strength beneath 
the surface. Gate-posts of hammered granite 
were set deep into the earth at all openings in 
the massive walls, these, and the many-barred 



wooden gates which swung between, being 
furnished with wrought iron hinges, latches, 
and staples of gigantic size, secured by mam- 
moth padlocks, the keys to which were each 
attached to a large slip of brass or wood on 
which was inscribed the name of the particu- 
lar gate to which it belonged. These keys 
were kept in a portable mahogany closet made 
for the purpose, which is now in possession 
of the writer, as also some of the ancient, 
ponderous keys, though the gates to which 
they were the open sesame — like the strong 
hands that operated them — have long since 
crumbled to decay. Well-curbs and troughs 
were constructed from the same stanch mate- 
rial as the walls and gate-posts, these being 
fastened into shape by huge bolts of copper 
soldered into openings drilled in the stone for 
this purpose. 

Meanwhile improvements on the land were 
going on; and during the years of 1S08 and 
1809 a marshy tract on the northern side of 
the farm was reclaimed or manufactured into 
a fertile field by means of a very stout wall, 
impervious to water, being constructed along 
the margin of the Falls River at this point, 
and the entire space of bog filled in with 
stones and gravel, topped with loam, all of 
which ingredients were respectively drawn 
from neighboring premises by o.x-team, and 
spread into level space by hand labor. The 
name of this new-made portion of the farm was 
Sewall's Point, as given in old letters of Mr. 
Parsons to his foreman, Jeremiah Allen, under 
whose supervision the work was carried on. 
The owner was then residing in his Boston 
home, which was not given up until after the 
death of his wife, September 10, 1810. But 
frequent visits were made by himself and fam- 
ily to this country place, which, out of regard 
for his father's memory and love for his native 
town, he had named P'atherland Farm. 



326 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



The journeys to Byfield were sometimes made 
by stage over the old turnpike, but more fre- 
quently in his own family coach, with driver 
and footman in the old-time livery. These ar- 
rivals created not a little sensation among the 
inhabitants of this rural district, as aged citi- 
zens of Newbury have enjoyed recalling and 
describing to the writer ; and marvellous tales 
they tell of boxes and bags of silver coin 
brought over the road by oxen, with which to 
recompense the army of artisans of various 
kinds employed upon the premises. 

However this may have been, we have rea- 
son to believe that vast sums of money were 
expended by the owners to bring this goodly 
heritage into the high state of cultivation and 
beauty in which it was left for the occupancy 
of the next tenant and heir. The record for 
1 8 14 shows that the farm taxes of Eben Par- 
sons were seven hundred and forty-four dollars 
and twenty cents, his real estate being valued 
at sixteen thousand four hundred dollars, and 
his personal property at eighty thousand dol- 
lars. At this period Mr. Parsons was a resi- 
dent of Byfield, having removed hither soon 
after the decease of his wife. He was deeply 
interested in agriculture, and was a large con- 
tributor in many ways to the advancement of 
that science, using his commercial facilities 
in aid of this by the importation of fine breeds 
of cattle, sheep, and swine for the improve- 
ment of American stock, and by bringing from 
other countries various kinds of seeds, grain, 
and grasses, as well as scions from foreign 
fruit and ornamental trees and shrubs. 

He was fond of experiment in matters re- 
lating to farming; and, while his efforts in this 
way might not all have been satisfactory to 
himself, they were in many instances highly 
successful, results being such as to encourage 
repetition. 

Mr. Parsons was a man with ideas far ahead 



of the time in which he lived, and his ojiin- 
ions upon subjects connected with the pursuits 
in which he was engaged were often sought by 
men of the highest standing in commercial and 
agricultural affairs. Though not so renowned 
as his younger brother, the eminent jurist and 
chief justice of the commonwealth, yet he was 
possessed of great ability, and was probably 
as useful to the community in other ways as 
Theophilus was on the bench. 

Eben Parsons died in his country home No- 
vember 2, iSig, at the age of seventy-four 
years. His remains, with those of other mem- 
bers of the family, rest in a tomb in the old 
Byfield cemetery, which was erected a year 
later by his son Gorham, agreeably to his 
father's intention. 

Of thirteen children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Eben Parsons, this son was the only one who 
survived the years of childhood. Gorham 
Parsons was born in Gloucester, July 27, 1768. 
His early years were spent in that town and in 
Boston, excepting the time he was a pupil at 
Dummer Academy. In April of 1790 he was 
married to Sarah, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Parsons, of Newburyport. After residing a 
few years in Boston, he purchased a large and 
valuable estate in Brighton, and made his 
home there, embellishing the place with lav- 
ish hand. Having inherited his father's 
fondness for agriculture, he spared no pains in 
the cultivation of his farm and in the produc- 
tion of choice fruits. He also continued the 
importation of fine cattle, sheep, and swine. 
After the death of his father he kept up the 
Byfield farm in addition to the Brighton es- 
tate, but continued to reside at the latter 
place until after the death of Mrs. Parsons, 
who preferred the home there to Fatherland 
Farm. She passed away on December 8, 
1837, soon after which event that property was 
sold and Mr. Gorham Parsons came to ]5yfield 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



327 



to reside. Being afflicted with the gout in the 
last years of his life, he was unable to carry 
out many of his plans for imijrovement on the 
farm ; but his interest in all matters pertaining 
to agriculture flagged not until the end. That 
he was a valued member of the Massachusetts 
Agricultural Society, many letters and docu- 
ments from its officials attest; while numerous 
and valuable prizes awarded for fine speci- 
mens of live-stock and various agricultural 
products affirm the success of his efforts in 
that direction. 

Neither father nor son aspired to the holding 
of State or town office, though a document 
exists bearing the seal of the Commonwealth 
and signed by His Excellency, John Brooks, 
under date of February 23, 1818, appointing 
Ebenezer Parsons to be a Justice of the Peace 
in the county of Essex. 

Gorham Parsons died in the Byfield home in 
the month of September, 1844, at the age of 
seventy-six years. As the union of himself 
and wife was not blessed with living offspring, 
Fatherland Farm was given by will of the 
owner, in 1S42, to a grand-nephew of his wife, 
who was also his own namesake, Gorham Par- 
sons Sargent, then a minor, and the son of the 
Hon. Winthrop Sargent, of Philadelphia, Pa., 
who had a few years previously removed his 
family from that city to the farm in order to 
care for Mr. Parsons in his declining days. 

The i^lace was appreciatively occupied by 
the Sargents until the spring of 1862, when 
it passed into the hands of Benjamin F. 
Brown, of Waltham, who in July following 
sold it by public auction to his nephew, Benja- 
min B. Poole, of Newbury, under whose fif- 
teen years of occupancy the premises suffered 
deterioration to a lamentable degree. 

From this condition of things the next 
owner, Jacob B. Stevens, of Peabody, who 
came into possession of the place by purchase 



in the autumn of 1S77, sought earnestly to re- 
trieve the old estate; but, his ability not being 
equal to the desire in this direction, he de- 
cided to part with the property, and thus, in 
October of 1881, Fatherland Farm came into 
the possession of one of the same blood, if not 
of the same name as its original founder — 
one to whom the old place is doubly dear for 
the association of visits made to it in earlier 
years, when, to her childish fancy, it seemed 
a very paradise on earth, and from the fact 
that in later years it was a love-gift to her 
from the one nearest and dearest to her in life. 



<■♦•»»• 



fs^OHN n. PKNNIMAN, a retired pork 
merchant, living at 488 Broadway, 
Lawrence, is a native of Warwick, 
Franklin County, Mass. He was born De- 
cember 21, 1827, son of Dean and Hannah 
(Hastings) Penniman. Bunyan Penniman, the 
father of Dean, is thought to have been born 
in Mendon, Mass. He was one of the early 
settlers of the town of Warwick, where he 
carried on farming. His marriage with a 
Miss Dean was blessed by the birth of eight 
children, two sons and six daughters, that 
attained maturity. The sons were Dean and 
Jesse. Jesse went West in 1839, first settling 
in Lasalle County, Illinois. Six years later 
he went to St. Paul, Minn., where he ran a 
hotel on the Bluff. The ccrly years of his life 
were spent as a farmer. He died about 1885, 
leaving three sons and a daughter. Bunyan 
Penniman died at the age of about eighty-three 
years. His widow lived to be eighty. 

Dean Penniman, born in Mendon, Mass., 
October 24, 1800, died in Lowell, May 11, 
1864. He moved to Lowell in 1842, where 
he engaged in the wood business. He also 
kept teams and did teaming. In 1821 or 1822 
he married Hannah Hastings, who, born on 



328 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



November 22, 1S04, died in 1893, in her 
eighty-ninth year. Their children were: 
Isaac H., Clarissa P., John 11, George Fay- 
ette, Franklin H., Hannah A., Sarah, and 
Mary Abbie. Isaac H. Penniman, born June 
2, 1823, served in the Civil War, and died in 
1894 at the Soldiers' Home in Chelsea, Mass. 
He had a wife, but no children. Clarissa P. 
died in 1S29, when about four years old. 
George I'ayette, born September 29, 1830, is 
a retired builder, living in Lowell. Franklin 
II., born December 11, 1S33, died in 1893. 
Hannah A., born November 15, 1S36, who 
is unmarried, resides in Athol. Sarah, also 
unmarried, resides in Lowell; and Mary Abbie 
Penniman resides in Athol. The last three 
were formerly school-teachers. 

When John B. Penniman was fourteen years 
old, his parents removed from their farm to the 
city of Lowell. He received but a limited 
schooling. At the age of twenty-si.x he came 
to Lawrence, and became a clerk in the gro- 
cery store of J. Shattuck, Jr. He afterward 
worked for the firm of Shattuck Brothers about 
five years. In 1858 he embarked in the meat 
business. Two years later he opened a market 
on Lawrence Street, between Essex and Com- 
mon Streets, where he had carried on business 
for about thirteen years, when he sold out in 
1873. In the spring of 1877 he started in the 
jobbing and wholesale pork business. This he 
conducted at 56 Amesbury Street up to Janu- 
ary I, 1894, when he sold out. 

On December 13, 1865, Mr. Penniman was 
united in marriage with Sarah C. Sawyer, of 
this city, who was born in Bradford, N. H. 
Left an orphan at an early age, she was cared 
for by her aunt. Her younger and only sister, 
who was adopted by M. W. Baxter, and went 
with him to Pike County, Illinois, is now the 
wife of W. II. Connor, and has one daughter. 
Mr. and Mrs. Penniman have three daughters 



— Sarah Ella, Etta F., and Annie l?lanche. 
Sarah Ella, a graduate of Wellesley, classes of 
1893 and 1895, and honored with the. degree of 
Master of Arts, made a special study of organ 
and harmony. She is now a teacher of history 
in the Lawrence High School. Etta F., also 
a graduate of Wellesley, class of 1893, is a 
violinist in the Fadette Orchestra, Washing- 
ton, and was formerly a successful teacher in 
Lawrence and vicinity. Annie Blanche is a 
member of the class of 1898, Wellesley Col- 
lege. All possess rare qualities of mind and 
character, and are modest and retiring. Mr. 
Penniman is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, and of Bethany Encampment, I. O. O. F., 
since 1865. In politics he is a Republican 
voter. He has lived in his present home since 
June 17, 1870. 



DWIN P. STANLEY, the popular 
Treasurer and Collector of Manchester, 
was born here May 26, 1844, son of 
Paul Stanley, a native of this county, and 
Stattira (Pert) Stanley, a native of Manches- 
ter. Paul Stanley was a brother of Jeffrey 
T. Stanley, who is at present a Selectman of 
Manchester, and whose biography, containing 
further mention of the Stanley family, will be 
found on another page. Paul was by trade a 
cabinet-maker, and was engaged for a number 
of years in the manufacture and sale of furni- 
ture in Manchester. In politics he was a 
Republican. He died a few years ago. Mrs. 
Stattira Stanley died in the eighties. Besides 
Edwin P., the surviving children are; Otis 
M., who resides in East Bridgewater, Mass. ; 
Andrew, a resident of Beverly; and Charles 
L. , a resident of Lynn. 

Edwin P. Stanley grew to manhood in his 
native place, receiving his education in the 
graded schools and high school of the town. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



329 



which he left at the age of fourteen. On De- 
cember 10, 1861, he enlisted in Company H 
of the Nineteenth Massachusetts Volunteer In- 
fantry, which shortly after joined the army of 
the Potomac under General McClellan. He 
took part in the siege of Yorktown, and was 
in active service all through the Peninsula 
campaign. At Glendale, Va., he received 
four bullet wounds, was made a prisoner and 
taken to Richmond, and was confined for 
thirty days in Libby Prison, being e.xchanged 
at the end of that time. On April 17, 1863, 
he was honorably discharged, after which he 
returned to Manchester. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Stanley engaged in painting, 
taking contracts for work and employing a 
force of men. Having carried on this busi- 
ness for about twelve years, he disposed of it, 
as his health had become poor. In 1888 he 
was elected Collector of Manchester, and he 
has now entered on his tenth year in that 
office. He has also served for several years as 
Town Treasurer. At one time he was the 
Sealer of Weights and Measures. As might 
be e.xpected, Mr. Stanley is an active man in 
the local grand army organization, Allen Post, 
No. 6"]. For three years he was Post Com- 
mander, and he is now the Senior Vice Com- 
mander. He is a member of the Masonic 
Lodge at Beverly, Mass., and of Amity Royal 
Arch Chapter of Beverly; also of Magnolia 
Lodge, No. 149, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows of Manchester. 

Mr. Stanley married Rachel J., daughter of 
Abner Hobbs, of West Gloucester, Mass. ; 
and one daughter, Mamie A., has blessed the 
union. In politics he is a Republican. He 
has been a member of the Republican Town 
Committee, of the Esse.x County Republican 
Committee, and of the Congressional Com- 
mittee for this district. He was largely in- 
strumental in securing the first nomination of 



the Hon. William Coggswell for Representa- 
tive to Congress, and naturally takes consider- 
able pride in his candidate. 




ILTON ELLSWORTH, a well- 
known heel manufacturer of Row- 
ley, was born in Ipswich, Mass., 
July 7, 1843, son of Simeon Ellsworth and his 
wife, Hannah (Jewett) Ellsworth. He is a 
descendant of Jeremiah and Mary Ellsworth, 
the latter of whom was buried May 24, 1688. 
The succeeding generations were represented 
by Jeremiah,- who died May 6, 1704; Will- 
iam,' who died February 21, 1812; William,-' 
who died May 22, 1856; and Simeon, 5 who 
was born in 1801. Simeon's wife Hannah 
belonged to one of the wealthiest families in 
the town, and was a descendant of Jeremiah 
Jewett. He was boarding on Bradford Street 
when he died in 1897, at the advanced age of 
ninety-two. His brother Benjamin has been 
the beach lighthouse-keeper at Ipswich since 
Lincoln's time. Another brother, John, now 
ninety years old, a well-preserved man, to 
whom sickness is unknown, makes a conspicu- 
ous figure on the street. He is popular with 
all classes, especially with the young, and has 
been a stanch Republican since the organiza- 
tion of that party. 

A limited education was obtained by Mil- 
ton Ellsworth in the common schools. After 
passing the age of twelve years, he pegged 
shoes for his father out of school hours. At 
si.xteen he began learning to make shoes. He 
enlisted in Company C of the Nineteenth 
Massachusetts Regiment for service in the 
Civil War. His war record, given by George 
B. Blodgett in his History of Rowley, is as 
follows : — 

"Promoted to rank of Corporal, and for 
bravery at Gettysburg made First Sergeant; 



33° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



re-enlisted December 22, 1863; discharged 
June 28, 1865, by order of War Department — 
the service of this man deserves special men- 
tion." Although he was constantly on duty 
with his regiment, he was never wounded, and 
never in hospital. He was Corporal of the 
color-guard on that terrible day at Fredericks- 
burg, and the only one who came out unhurt. 
Besides taking part in frequent reconnoissances 
and skirmishes so costly in human life, he 
was in the liattlcs of Hall's Hluff, Yorktown, 
West Point, Fair Oaks, Teach Orchard, Sav- 
age Station, Glendale, White Oak Swamp, 
Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, 
Bristol Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spott- 
sylvania, Potopotomy, Cold Harbor, and Pe- 
tersbing. At Petersburg, the hour being 
3 P.M. of June 22, 1864, he was captured with 
his whole regiment by the enemy. From this 
time on he experienced the horrors of Ander- 
sonville and Libby Prisons, until with about 
four thousand other prisoners he reached the 
Union lines at Jacksonville, Fla., on the even- 
ing of April 28, 1865. Broken in health he 
was ordered home to await his discharge. • He 
was enrolled with Company C as Orderly Ser- 
geant. In an interesting scrap-book he has 
preserved sundry relics of his war experiences. 
He was active in more than thirty battles, and 
passed two months and si.\ days in prison. 
After receiving his discharge, he resided for 
a time in Haverhill, where he worked in a 
heel manufactory. Afterward he went into 
business for himself in Rowley, starting with 
a little shoii. In time he was able to build a 
house and factory in Rowley, and is now ac- 
counted one of the most prosperous men in the 
town. 

In 1882 Mr. Ellsworth was elected to the 
State legislature, where he served on Printing 
and Military Committees. In 1891 he was 



chosen Selectman, which office he still holds. 
He was Commander of the G. A. R., General 
James Appleton Post, No. 128, Ipswich; be- 
longs to the e.x-Prisoners' War Association; 
and is president of the Nineteenth Massachu- 
setts Regiment Association. Two years ago 
he built his present home, one of the prettiest 
in the village. Here he resides with his wife 
and daughter. He makes no literary preten- 
sions; but at camp-fires and conventions he is 
always called upon for a speech, and he lias 
written several war lectures of thrilling inter- 
est. 

August 25, 1866, Mr. Ellswoith married 
Abbie Frances, who was born June 16, 1847, 
daughter of Ezekiel and Caroline (Blacking- 
ton) Bailey. He has one child, Winnifred C. , 
born September 25, 1867, who married Justin 
I^"letcher, of Georgetown, Mass., November 17, 
1896, and resides in Georgetown. 



4^ a^fc 




p, lAJOR EDWARD F. BARTLETT, 
a well-known citizen and military 
man of Newburyport, Clerk of 
the Police Court for the district of Newbury- 
port from 1870 to the present time, was born 
here May 30, 1835. A son of Joseph and 
Joanna Bartlett, he is a descendant of the 
Bartlett family that landed at Parker River 
and settled Bartlett Springs. The father ran 
the first packet from Newburyport to Boston, 
and was the owner and builder of various sail- 
ing craft. He, in conjunction with Wood & 
Sons, built the "Decatur" and the side-wheel 
steamer "Ohio," with a capacity of three or 
four hundred tons. The packet referred to 
was started by him in 1825, and was afterward 
continued for thirty-five years. Greatly inter- 
ested in all military training, he was a mem- 
ber of the old Newburyport Artillery Associa- 
tion, the only organization, besides the An- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



331 



cients and Honorables, that is allowed to 
parade under arms. He was also a member of 
the St. Mark's Lodge, A. F. & A. M. Of his 
fourteen children, four are now living. 

When twelve years old, Edward F. Bartlett, 
the fifth child of his parents, entered the Put- 
nam Free School, being then the youngest and 
smallest of the forty pupils comprising the first 
class formed in that institution. Upon leav- 
ing school, he became a druggist's clerk. 
Later on, together with his brother, A. W. 
Bartlett, he worked in a dry-goods store. In 
1862 he enlisted in the Eighth Regiment, 
Company A. For a time, too, he was in the 
Si.xtieth Regiment, Company H. I'inally, he 
was transferred back to the Eighth, in which 
he served altogether for twenty years, two 
years of which were in the service of the 
United States in the War of the Rebellion. 
Starting as Sergeant, he was mustered out as 
Major. Maj<ir Bartlett's life in the service 
was marked by many interesting events, and 
he has good reason to wear proudly the title 
he won by gallant conduct. After the war he 
took up the study of law with M. G. Johnson. 
In December, 1870, he was elected Clerk of 
the Court of Newburyport, which position he 
has filled up to the present time with signal 
ability and to the entire satisfaction of the 
public. 

Major Bartlett has been a member of St. 
Mark's Lodge, A. F. & A. M., since 1862. 
Since 1870 he has been Justice of the Peace, 
and Bail Commissioner since 1873. He is a 
charter member, and was the first chaplain of 
the Grand Army post named in honor of his 
brother, Albert W. Bartlett, who was Captain 
of Company B, Thirty-fifth Massachusetts 
Regiment, and was killed at Antietam. The 
Major is the present Adjutant of the Newbury- 
port Veteran Artillery Association. He be- 
came Commander when there were only one 



hundred and forty men ; and, despite the fact 
that every year the niustering-out call for many 
veterans is heard, he succeeded during the 
two years of his management, by his personal 
enthusiasm and energy, in bringing up the 
number to two hundred and seventy members. 
Major Bartlett was married in 1856 to Miss 
Angeline C. Burns, who is still living. They 
have two sons and one daughter. The eldest 
son, Edward H. Bartlett, is the manufacturer 
of a patent heel for ladies' boots, carrying on 
business at Newburyport. 



KRANCIS D. HENDERSON, a retired 
manufacturer and one of the influential 
men of Rowley, is a native of Hamil- 
ton, Mass. Born in 1847, he is a son of 
Daniel S. Henderson and his wife, Jerusha 
(Dane) Henderson. The father was twice 
married. His first wife, Jerusha, a member 
of the widely known Dane family, bore him 
two sons — Francis D. and F. W. Henderson. 
By the second marriage there were also two 
children, namely: George, now residing in 
New Hampshire; and Lillian, who married 
F. E. Richardson, of Rowley. 

PVancis D. Henderson was educated in the 
common schools of Hamilton and at Dunimer 
Academy. After leaving the last-named in- 
stitution, he went to Boston and entered the 
employ of his uncle, Francis Dane, as clerk 
in the wholesale boot and shoe business on 
Milk Street. Having spent five years in that 
occupation, he came in 1867 to Rowley, where 
his father hatl been engaged in the manufact- 
ure of shoes for a number of years. After 
applying himself for a'year to learn the busi- 
ness, he was received into partnership by his 
father, forming the firm of D. S. Henderson 
& Co. At this time the business was carried 
on in the old tan-house, now used as the skat- 



332 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ing-rink. In 1868 a large, new factory was 
built, and there the business was successively 
carried on for twenty-five years. At the end 
of the first five years Daniel S. Henderson re- 
tired from active participation on account of 
failing health, and purchased a farm a short 
distance from the village, where he lived dur- 
ing; the remainder of his life. After the re- 
tirement of his father, Francis D. Henderson 
continued the business in company with his 
brother. Their product was chiefly heavy 
goods for use in mines and camps, and their 
sales were made principally to jobbers in the 
South and West. Always acting on the safe 
and conservative rule not to undertake more 
work than they could personally supervise, 
Henderson Brothers were very successful. 
While employing a foreman in each depart- 
ment, Francis D. Henderson attended to the 
duties of general superintendent, such as hir- 
ing workmen and buying stock, while his 
brother looked after sales and collections. 
The result was that both brothers were able to 
retire from the business with comfortable 
fortunes in 1894, when the factory was closed, 
and the buildings were rented for other pur- 
poses. Francis D. Henderson is a director of 
the First National Bank of Ipswich. In 1S93 
he built his handsome residence on Central 
Street, which is admirably situated on high 
ground. 

In politics Mr. Henderson has always been 
a loyal Republican. While taking an active 
interest in town affairs and attending many 
State conventions in recent years, he has de- 
clined nomination for office. He is a member 
of the Republican Club of Boston and of the 
Essex County Club. Fraternally, he belongs 
to John T. Hurd Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Ips- 
wich, Amity Chapter of Beverly, and Wins- 
low Lewis Council of Salem. In 1870 lie 
married Miss L. Annie Porter, of Salem, and 



now has one daughter. Miss Dorice, aged 
eight years. Since his retirement from busi- 
ness he has spent much time in travelling. 
In the winter of 1895-96 he went with his 
family on a trip to California, passing through 
Old Mexico, the Yosemite Valley, and other 
places of interest, spending considerable time 
in Pasadena, covering entirely a journey of 
nine thousand miles. 




DMUND S. COLBY, who conducts a 
real estate and insurance agency in 
North Andover, was born in Water- 
ford, Me., February 20, 1854, son of the Rev. 
E. K. and Georgiana J. (Saunders) Colby. 
The Colby family, which is of English origin, 
descends from Anthony Colby, who was born 
in Amesbury, Mass., about the year 1690. 
Edniuud S. Colby's grandfather, Thomas 
Colby, resided in Epping, N.H. 

E. K. Colby, the father of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Epping, N.H., in 
18 1 2. After completing his education, he en- 
tered the ministry, and was located in Water- 
ford, Me., until 1856, when he was trans- 
ferred to Cape Cod. Some years later he re- 
moved to Auburn, Me., and thence to Gorham, 
Me., where he still resides, being now eighty- 
five years old. He married Georgiana J. 
Saunders, of Woodfords, Me., daughter of 
Joshua Saunders. Her grandfather kept the 
old Saunders Tavern, a celebrated hostelry of 
Woodfords (now Deering), in the latter part 
of the eighteenth century. Mrs. E. K. Colby 
became the mother of two children, namely: 
Edmund S., the subject of this sketch; and 
Jennie M., who taught in the Gorham Normal 
School for ten years. 

lulmund S. Colby went with his parents to 
reside on Ca]ic Cod when he was two years 
old. Having acquired his early education in 




CHARLES U. liROWN. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



335 



the public schools, he took a two years' course 
at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, Kent's 
Hill. Then, desirous of learning the ma- 
chinist's trade, he came to North Andover, 
Mass. Entering the machine shops of Davis 
& Furber, he served an apprenticeship, and 
learned his trade, which he afterward followed 
as a journeyman for twenty years. In 1893 
he abandoned that occupation to enter the 
real estate and insurance business, which he 
has since followed. 

Mr. Colby is chief engineer of the North 
Andover Fire Department, and was Tax Col- 
lector for si.\ years. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. He is a member of Cochichawick 
Lodge, F. & A. M. By his marriage with 
Annie, daughter of Ivory Littlefield of Ken- 
nebunk, Me., he became the father of three 
children, none of whom are living. 




iHARLES DONNELL RROWN, Post- 
master of Gloucester and a former 
Representative to the legislature, 
was born in the neighboring city of Newbury- 
port, June 5, 1862, his parents being George 
D. and Elizabeth (Goodwin) Brown. His 
great-grandfather and grandfather were both 
named Daniel. The former married Elizabeth 
Stickney a daughter of Stephen Stickney, who 
in 1777 enlisted in a Massachusetts regiment 
of the Continental army for three years. He 
fought for independence under General Stark, 
and was at the surrender of Burgt)ync. After 
his period of enlistment had ended, he served 
on board the privateer "Disdain " from July, 
1 78 1, to the close of the war. The grand- 
father, born in 1804, was a cooper by trade, 
and had a shop in Newburyport. George D. 
Brown, the father, was engaged in the manu- 
facture of pumps and blocks for ships at New- 
buryport. 



Charles D. Brown received his education in 
the public schools of his native town, graduat- 
ing at the high school. For three years after 
leaving school he worked as clerk in the book 
store of Charles H. Johnson. At the end of 
that time he went to Boston and entered the 
employ of Knight, Adams & Co., wholesale 
stationers in that city. There he remained 
for eight years, becoming thoroughly conver- 
sant with all departments of the stationer's 
business. He then determined to engage in 
business for himself. Forthwith, forming a 
partnership with a Mr. Douglass, he opened a 
book store in Gloucester. Mr. Douglass re- 
tired after a short time, since which Mr. 
Brown has carried on the business alone with 
entire success. 

During the past few years Mr. Brown has 
become a leading factor in Gloucester politics, 
and his friends are already predicting for him 
even larger public and civic honors than those 
he has yet attained. In 1893 and 1894 he was 
in the Common Council, being the president 
of that body in tiie latter year. In 1894 he 
was chosen Overseer of the Poor. In 1895, 
i8g6, and 1897 he occupied a seat in the 
lower branch of the Massachusetts legislature, 
where he rendered valuable service to his con- 
stituents. For the first two years he repre- 
sented the whole of Gloucester, except Ward 
Two, together with the towns of Essex and 
Manchester. After the redistricting, which 
took effect before he entered upon his third 
term, he represented Wards One, Three, Four, 
Five, and Six of the city. In the first year 
Mr. Brown was a member of the Committee 
on Printing, in his second year he was clerk 
of the Mercantile Committee, and in his third 
year he was chairman of the Committee on 
Taxation and a member of the Water Supply 
Committee. Pie was instrumental in securing 
the passage of the bill which compelled the 



33^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



private owners of the water supply to sell 
their privilege to the city. In 1897 and 1898 
he was chairman of the Republican City Com- 
mittee of Gloucester, and in 1897 he was a 
member of the Republican State Committee. 
At the present time he is a member of the 
Republican Club of Massachusetts. In 1896 
he was a delegate to the convention that 
nominated President McKinley. 

Mr. Brown is likewise keenly alive to all 
the social events of the city, and is an active 
member of various social and fraternal or- 
ganizations. Of the former class, he may 
be mentioned as belonging to the Essex 
and Commonwealth Clubs and to the East 
Gloucester Yacht Club. As to fraternal or- 
ganizations, he is a member of the following : 
Ocean Lodge, I. O. O. ¥., of which he is a 
past Noble Grand ; Cape Ann Encampment, 
Daughters of Rebecca; Acacia Lodge of 
Masons, of which he was secretary in 1894; 
William Person Chapter, Bethlehem Com- 
mandery, of K. T. ; and Fernwood Lodge of 
the A. O. U. W. At the present time he is 
a trustee of the Odd P'ellows ]?uilding and 
the secretary of the board. In 1895 he deliv- 
ered the historical address on the golden jubi- 
lee of Ocean Lodge of Odd Fellows. He 
was appointed Postmaster of Gloucester by 
President McKinley August 8, 1898. By his 
marriage with Helen M. Dennis, a daughter 
of George and Lois (Griffin) Dennis, he has 
become the father of two children : Emma W. , 
who was born April i, 1889, and is now a 
student in the Gloucester schools; and Rodney 
Donnell, who was born on August 6, 1S96. 




'^^ l':ORGE THOMPSON ESTES, for 
5 I thirty-three years a letter-carrier in 
Lynn, was born in this city May 18, 
1836, son of W. H. and Rebecca (Dodge) 



Estes. The father, who was also a native of 
Lynn, learned shoemaking when a young man, 
following that occupation here during his ac- 
tive years. He was noted for his studious 
habits and the great fund of general informa- 
tion he acquired through long-continued read- 
ing. At his death in 1892 he was eighty-five 
years old. Rebecca, his wife, born in Wen- 
ham, Mass., was a daughter of Jacob Dodge, 
who, besides cultivating a farm in Wenham, 
followetl the carpenter's trade, and did a large 
amount of work in the adjoining towns. Mr. 
Dodge was for many years an active member 
of the Congregational church, and served as 
a Deacon until his death, whicli occurred in 
1877. 

George Thompson Estes began his educa- 
tion in the Lynn public schools. After com- 
pleting his studies at the New Ilanijiton 
(N.H.) Academy, he learned the shoemaker's 
trade, which he followed for some years. 
When the free delivery service was introduced 
in this city, he was one of the first letter-car- 
riers appointed; and he has been on duty con- 
tinuously in that capacity since August 8, 
1864. He has witnessed the great increase in 
the facilities of the United Mail service in 
Lynn, and has served under si.x different post- 
masters. Some time since he was presented 
by the department with an old-fashioned street 
letter-box, from which he had not missed a 
daily collection during twenty-five years. 

On May iS, 1859, Mr. Estes contracted his 
first marriage, with Eliza W. Dodge, of Ham- 
ilton, who died in 1878. To that union were 
born two children, one of whom is living, 
P3mma F. Estes. In 1880 he married Mrs. 
Hattie Whitehouse, of Yarmouth, N.S., who 
died in 1887. His thirtl marriage, contracted 
in 1888, was with I^ffie Pierce, of the same 
])lace, who died in 1896. In politics Mr. 
Estes is a Republican. He has reached the 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



337 



Royal Arch degree in Masonry, is connected 
with Golden Fleece Lodge, and is a charter 
member of Sutton Chapter. In 1893 he was 
awarded a trip to the World's Columbian Ex- 
position at Chicago, as the result of a voting 
contest to determine the citizen who enjoyed 
the most popularity. 



-OHN B. CAVERLY, the proprietor of 
Sagamore Farm, Ipswich, was born 
June 15, 1836, in Strafford, Strafford 
County, N. H., son of the Rev. John Caverly. 
The Caverly family, of sturdy Scotch ances- 
try, was first represented on American soil 
more than a century ago, the early progenitor 
having settled in New Hampshire, where 
many of his descendants are still living. A 
brief history of this family has been written 
and published by Robert Caverly, late a 
lawyer of Lowell, Mass., and a brother of the 
Rev. John Caverly. The latter, also a native 
of Strafford, N.H., was educated for the minis- 
try, and during the greater part of his active 
professional life had charge of the Free Will 
Baptist Societies of Strafford and Barrington, 
N. H. His wife, Nancy, a daughter of Joseph 
and Sally French, was born and reared in 
New Durham, N. H. Their children were: 
Joseph F. , Zachariah B., Darius, Robert B., 
J. Colby, Elizabeth O., John B., and 
Luther M. 

John B. Caverly has been engaged in agri- 
cultural work nearly all his life, first in the 
Granite State, and later in Massachusetts. 
In 1 87 1 he bought his present farm on the 
beach road, about a mile and a half from Ips- 
wich Beach. He has one hundred and si.xty 
acres of land, on which he conducts general 
agriculture, making a specialty of dairying. 
On Sagamore Hill, a noted elevation of land 
on his farm, he built the Sagamore cottages, 



which command a fine sea and land view for 
fifteen miles in either direction. 

Mr. Caverly is a member of Ipswich 
Grange, No. 36, and an active worker in the 
organization. On May 26, 1861, in Straf- 
ford, N.H., he was united in marriage with 
Miss Abbie M. Swaine. There have been four 
sons born to Mr. and Mrs. Caverly, namely: 
Irving, a farmer, residing in Lincoln, Mass. ; 
Roscoe, who is in business in Boston; Carl 
A., living on the home farm; and Chester B., 
who is employed in a factory in Ipswich. 




KORGE N. AUSTIN, formerly the 
^1 senior member of the well-known 
firm Austin, Chase & Co., wholesale 
produce dealers of Lawrence, Mass., was born 
in Londonderry, N.IL, in 1830, son of John 
W. and Susan (Farley) Austin. The father 
followed the trade of wheelwright. Of the 
six children he reared, two are now living 
— John and Charles. The latter, who has re- 
tired from active pursuits, resides in Methuen. 
George N. Austin learned the shoemaker's 
trade when young. Not content with that for 
a regular occupation, he went to Salem, Rock- 
ingham County, N.H., soon after reaching 
man's estate, and for four years was there en- 
gaged in the grocery business. Then, in 
company with his brother Charles, he pur- 
chased a woollen factory, which they success- 
fully conducted for a few years, being espe- 
cially prosperous during the Civil War, when 
their special manufactures were frocking, 
blankets, etc. After his brother retired from 
the firm, Mr. Austin was associated for eight 
years with Mr. Wheeler, who subsequently 
purchased the factory. In 1871 he came to 
Lawrence, and in partnersliip with E. H. 
Chase, Edward W. Austin, and A. W. Ricli- 



338 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ardson, forming the firm of Austin, Chase & 
Co., engaged in the wholesale produce busi- 
ness, now carried on by Mr. Richardson. Po- 
litically, Mr. Austin was an uncompromising 
Republican. While in Salem he took an ac- 
tive part in municipal affairs, and was a Rep- 
resentative to the New Hampshire State legis- 
lature for two years. Fraternally, he was a 
Knight Templar. Beginning life with no 
other means than his own strong hands and 
willing heart, he met with success at every 
step, and acquired a fortune estimated at 
si.xty-five-thousand dollars. Before becoming 
a resident of Lawrence, he bought the fine resi- 
dence now occupied by Mrs. Austin; and soon 
after settling here he built a cottage at Hamp- 
ton Beach, where he and his family spent 
their summers. Although he was not con- 
nected by membership with any religious 
organization, he always contributed gener- 
ously toward enterprises tending to promote 
the moral welfare of the community. He 
died at his residence, 343 Broadway, on 
March 29, 1895, and was buried in Pine Grove 
Cemetery, Salem, N.H., where a granite sar- 
cophagus marks his grave. 

On December 31, 1848, Mr. Austin married 
Sarah A. C. Smith, a daughter of James and 
Laura (Jones) Smith. Her mother, who had 
previously lost three infant children, died of 
consumption, December 21, 1829, aged thirty 
years; and her father died of the same disease 
in December, 1831, at the age of forty-one. 
Mrs. Austin was reared from the age of two 
years by her maternal grandmother, who was 
then the wife of Isaiah Wheeler, of Methuen, 
Mass. Slie has had four children, of whom 
George Allison died when two years old. 
Those living are: Georgianna, who is the 
wife of A. W. Richardson, and has three chil- 
dren — Blanche A., Arthur T., and Helen B. ; 
Edward W., who married Miss Ardelle 



Barnes; and Alice Lillian, who is the wife of 
Frank G. Churchill, of Lawrence, and has one 
daughter, Ethel A. 



^ATHANIEL WARREN MOODY, 

the present owner of the Moody home- 
- x^ stead in Newbury, represents one 
of the first settled families in this town. He 
was born where he now resides, October 10, 
1836, son of Nathaniel and Rebecca (Bartlett) 
Moody. The genealogy of the family is trace- 
able as far back as the Norman Conquest. 
The subject of this sketch is a descendant in 
the seventh generation of William Moody, 
who in 1634 came from Ipswich, England, to 
the then newly organized Massachusetts town 
of the same name, and in 1635 settled upon 
the farm in Newbury, which has since re- 
mained in the family's possession. William 
Moody and his wife, Sarah, were the parents 
of several children, among whom were two 
sons, the Rev. Joshua and Samuel. Joshua 
Moody, born in t]ngland in 1632, graduated 
from Harvard University in 1653, was or- 
dained to the ministry at Portsmouth, N.H., 
in 1671, and was pastor of a church in Boston 
from 1684 until his death, which occurred 
July 3, 1697. The other son, Samuel Moody, 
of whom Nathaniel W. Moody is a direct de- 
scendant, was married on November 9, 1657, 
to Mary Cutting, who died in 1675. She was 
the mother of nine children, including Deacon 
Samuel Mood)', the next in line, who was born 
in 1 67 1. Deacon Moody was a famous horse- 
shoer in his time, journeying on horseback to 
ply his calling, and carrying with him a bag 
of hand-made nails. Tradition says that he 
was the first man in New England to shoe 
o.xen. 

In the year 1700 Deacon Samuel Moody 
married Sarah Knight, and his son William 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



339 



was Nathaniel W. Moody's great-great-grand- 
father. William Moody married for his first 
wife Anna Hale, and the maiden name of his 
second wife was Sarah Noyes. Colonel Sam- 
uel Moody, great-grandfather of Nathaniel 
W., was a son of William by his first union. 
He served as an officer in the Continental 
army during the Revolutionary War. The 
first of his two marriages was contracted with 
Jane Dole, and the second with Sarah Cush- 
ing. He reared a large family. His son, 
Nathaniel Moody, Sr., the grandfather of Na- 
thaniel W., married Mary Moody, of New- 
bury, in 1794, and became by her the father 
of four children. He died in 18 15, aged 
forty-six. 

Nathaniel Moody, Jr., youngest child of 
Nathaniel and Mary Moody, was born at the 
homestead, May i r, 1805. He inherited the 
property in turn, and the active period of his 
life was devoted to its cultivation and im- 
provement. Rebecca Bartlett Moody, his 
wife, whom he married April 21, 1831, was a 
native of Campton, N. H. She became the 
mother of four children, namely : Samuel, 
born June 10, 1833, who died April i, 1834; 
Mary, born August 27, 1835, who died April 
23, 1836; Nathaniel W., the subject of this 
sketch ; and Mary Frances, born May 26, 
1840, who died September 30 of the same 
year. The family has been identified with 
Old Newbury from the first year of its settle- 
ment, and representatives of each generation 
have been members of the Congregational 
church. Though not ambitious to figure 
prominently in public life, they have always 
manifested a deep interest in the welfare of 
the town, and Ijy their labor as agriculturists 
have contributed much toward its prosperity. 

Nathaniel Warren Moody, who now owns 
and cultivates the ancestral estate, succeeded 
to its possession by right of inheritance, and 



has preserved the reputation of his ancestors 
for energy and prosperity. He is highly re- 
spected for his upright character and genial 
disposition, is fond of humor, and loves to re- 
late amusing incidents of "ye olden times." 

On June 27, 1S68, Mr. Moody was united 
in marriage with Helen Titcomb, of Newbury- 
port, a daughter of Paul Titcomb, who was 
formerly a well-known tanner and grain dealer 
in that city. Mrs. Moody was liberally edu- 
cated, and prior to her marriage she taught 
school in Newburyport and in District No. 6 
of Oldtown. Mr. and Mrs. Moody. are the 
parents of two children, namely: Arthur W., 
born in 1871; and Grace Carleton Moody, 
born in 1878. Arthur W. Moody, one of the 
most active and progressive young men in 
town, is closely identified with public affairs. 
He was Census Plnumerator in 1890, took the 
State census of Newbury in 1895, was se- 
lected to compile agricultural statistics relat- 
ing to the towns of Newbury, Rowley, 
Georgetown, West Newbury, and Haverhill; 
and, when twenty-one years old, he was elected 
Town Treasurer and Collector — offices which 
he stills holds. Grace Carleton Moody was 
graduated from the Newburyport High and 
Putnam Schools in 1896, and was valedicto- 
rian of her class. 




■e^^^AMUEL GLIDDEN GUNN, a 
well-known merchant of Lynn, and 
a son of the late George Gunn, was 
born October 9, 1833, in Searsmont, Waldo 
County, Me. George Gunn was born and 
bred in Inverness, Scotland, where he was ed- 
ucated for the ministry. This profession, not 
being congenial to him, he gave up, and 
learned the cooper's trade. A short time 
after his marriage with Jean Kirk, of Wick, 
Scotland, he emigrated to this country, locat- 



34° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ing in Scarsmont in 1832. Purchasing land, 
he lived there the larger part of his remaining 
life, profitably engaged in farming and cooper- 
ing. He was a man of culture, intelligence, 
and enterprise; and, besides holding several 
town offices, he was appointed during Presi- 
dent Pierce's administration a Clerk in the 
Pension Office at Washington. He passed 
away in 18S9, at the venerable age of eighty- 
five years. 

Samuel G. Gunn completed his school life 
in Searsmont at the age of nineteen years, and 
subsequently worked with his father at the 
cooper's trade and on the home farm for a 
short time. In 1853 he began learning the 
carriage-maker's trade, at which he was em- 
ployed until 1861, spending one year of the 
time in Lawrence, Mass. In the summer of 
1 86 1 he went to Haverhill, Mass., where he 
learned shoemaking. He subsequently worked 
in shoe factories in Haverhill, Danvers, and 
Lynn, for more than a score of years. In 
1884 he became a clerk in the clothing estab- 
lishment of Aaron -Slater, with whom he re- 
mained three years. He assumed the man- 
agement of the Union Street store of the late 
Charles R. l^lack in 18S7, and after the 
latter's death purchased the store and stiick, 
and has since carried on an extensive and lu- 
crative business. 

Mr. Gunn is prominently identified with 
many of the leading secret organizations of 
the city, and has faithfully performed his 
duties as a loyal and public-spirited citizen. 
In 1895, 1896, and 1897 he served as Alder- 
man of the city, and was on the committee ap- 
]iointed to care for streets, city tirainage, and 
public grounds, being also the chairman of 
the Committee Regulating Licenses. In 
1896 he was chairman of the Drainage Com- 
mittee, of the Committee on Public Grounds, 
and on Drainage y\ssessments, and was a 



member of the Committee on Claims, on State 
Aid, and on Elections. Mr. Gunn is a lead- 
ing member of Richard W. Drown Lodge, 
No. 106, I. O. O. ¥., being a charter mem- 
ber, and P'irst Noble Grand of the lodge; a 
member of Palestine Encampment, No. 37, 

1. O. O. F., of which he is Past Chief Patri- 
arch; a member of Canton City of Lynn; of 
Everett Lodge, No. 20, K. of P., of which he 
is Past Chancellor; of Sagamore Tribe, No. 

2, I. O. R. M. ; a Past E.xalted Ruler of the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, No. i 17, 
of Lynn; and a m.ember of the Jefferson Club 
of this city and of the Alter l^go Club. At 
national elections Mr. Gunn invariably sup- 
ports the regular Democratic ticket, while in 
local affairs he is a "Citizen-Democrat." 




"^^A.XTER P. PIKE, an influential and 
prosperous agriculturist of Tops- 
field, was born in Hamilton, Mass., 
P'ebruary 22, 1S45, son of Benjamin Pike, 
Jr. His grandfather, l?enjamin Pike, Sr. , fif 
Byfield,. fought at Bunker Hill and in the en- 
gagement on Long Island, and was present at 
the hanging of Major Andre. This ancestor 
removed from Byfield to Topsfield in 1783, 
settling on the farm now owned by I^axter P., 
making this his home until his death, at the 
age of ninety-three years. He married Dolly 
Tenney, a cousin of the late Chief Justice 
Tenney, of Maine. She survived him four or 
five years, attaining the venerable age of 
ninety-six. They were the jiarents of nine 
children, among them ijeing Benjamin 
Pike, Jr. 

Benjamin I'ike, Jr., born on the Tojisfield 
homestead, was there reared to man's estate. 
He subsequently engaged in farming in Ham- 
ilton for a time, residing there sixteen years. 
In 1S54 he returned to the home f.irm, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



341 



was here engaged in tilling the soil until too 
old for manual labor. Then he gave up the 
management of the property to his son Baxter, 
afterward living here in case and plenty until 
his death, at the ripe old age of ninety years. 
He married Huldah Dorman, of Boxford, a 
daughter of Moses Dorman, who, with his two 
sons, Moses and Ansel, was for years among 
the leading men of that town, owning and oc- 
cupying a valuable farm that has always re- 
mained in the possession of the Dorman fam- 
ily. Twelve children were born into their 
household, ten of whom grew to maturity, 
among them being the Rev. Alpheus I. Pike, 
of Sauk Centre, Minn., and the Rev. Gusta- 
vus Dorman Pike, late of Hartford, Conn., a 
Congregational minister. The latter gradu- 
ated from Dartmouth College and the Andover 
Theological Seminary, and at the time of his 
death was the secretary of the American Mis- 
sionary Association. The mother preceded 
her husband to the better land, dying at the 
age of sixty-three years. Baxter P. Pike was 
but nine years of age when he came with his 
parents to the present farm, the homestead of 
his grandfather. He was the eleventh child, 
being next to the youngest; and it fell to his 
lot to remain at home. He assisted in the 
farm labors during his youthful days; and, 
when his father became enfeebled by age, he 
relieved him from all care, and did what he 
could to enhance his comfort and pleasure. 
On the death of his aged father, Mr. Pike was 
appointed administrator of the estate. Hav- 
ing bought out the interest of the remaining 
heirs, he has since carried on general agricult- 
ure and dairying, keeping fourteen or fifteen 
cows on the place. He has one hundred acres 
of land, much of it being in a good state of 
culture. 

A public-spirited man, Mr. Pike is deeply 
interested in the welfare of his town and 



county, and since the age of twenty-three 
years has held some local office. For nine 
years he was a Selectman, and the chairman 
of the board for two years. He was a member 
of the School Committee for twelve years; 
and in 1S89 he was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives, serving on 
the Agricultural Committee. He is an active 
member of the Essex County Agricultural So- 
ciety, and has been a trustee of the F"air As- 
sociation. Both he and his wife are members 
of the Topsfield Grange. On July 2, 1884, 
he married Miss Sarah I. Gould, a daughter 
of Porter Gould, Sr., and a sister of Porter 
Gould, Jr., now of Middleton, Mass. They 
have no children. 




ON. DANIEL SAUNDERS, senior 
member of the law firm of Daniel, 
Caleb & Charles G. Saunders, of 
Lawrence, Mass., was born in Andover, Essex 
County, October 6, 1822, the eldest son of 
the late Hon. Daniel Saunders, founder of the 
city of Lawrence. He is of early New Eng- 
land Colonial stock, being a lineal descendant 
of William Saunders, who, we are told, came 
from England in 1636, and in 1645 took up 
land at Mitchell's Eddy, on the Haverhill 
side, in the town of Newbury, Mass., where he 
was a permanent settler. 

James Saunders, the grandfather of Daniel, 
the special subject of this sketch, was born in 
Salem, N.H., July 12, 1751, and died in 
Stanstead, P.O., December 14, 1830. On 
November 15, 1774, he married Elizabeth 
Little, who was born March i, 1755, in New- 
bury, Mass., a daughter of Henry Little, and 
died in Salem, N.H., April 13, 1838. Henry 
Little also was of English extraction, and the 
representative of one of the old and prominent 
families of Essex County, an ancestor, several 



342 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



generations removed, having been the original 
owner of a Newbury farm that is still in the 
possession of his Little descendants. James 
Saunders and his wife had a family of twelve 
sons and one daughter. One son died in in- 
fancy, and one at the age of sixteen years. 
The ten sons remaining and the one daughter 
all married and reared children. One son, 
Caleb Saunders, became an early settler of 
Illinois, while three of his brothers located in 
Eastern New York. One of them, Henry 
Saunders, M.D., was for many years a promi- 
nent physician of Saratoga; another. Major 
William Saunders, a resident of Ballston Spa, 
was an officer in the War of 1812; another son, 
Samuel, was a carpenter on board the famous 
old ship "Constitution" in the same war. 

The Hon. Daniel Saunders was born in 
Salem, N.H., June 20, 1796, and when a 
young lad began working in a woollen-mill as 
an employee in the lowest department. He 
gradually became familiar with all branches 
of the industry; and, when ready to establish 
himself in business, he purchased a mill in 
North Andover, on the Cochicewick Brook, 
and later bought another in Concord, N.H. 
Becoming convinced in his mind that some 
time in the near future the falls in the Merri- 
mac River between the present cities of Law- 
rence and Lowell would be utilized by manu- 
facturers, he began in 1832 to verify by a 
personal inspection surveys which had jjrevi- 
ously been made for another purpose, that of 
estimating the expense of building locks and 
canals so that the river would be navigable 
for large boats of merchandise. His examina- 
tions still further convincing him of the pos- 
sibility of the development of a large manu- 
facturing district in this section, he sold his 
large mills in Concord and North Andover, 
and invested every jjenny he coulil lay his 
hands on in lands bordering on the Merrimac, 



in order that he might control the water 
power. Consulting then with his son 
Daniel, the subject of this sketch, as to the 
best means of calling the attention of the pub- 
lic to this most desirable location for mills, 
they decided to build a manufacturing plant 
themselves. In 1837, therefore, his legal ad- 
viser, the Hon. Josiah G. Abbott, then' a 
member of the General Court, secured for him 
an act incorporating the "Shawmut Mills" to 
be erected in Andover, not saying in what 
part. In the charter granted, the name of 
Saunders was not used, those of Caleb Abbott, 
Arthur Livermore, and John Nesmith only 
being apparent. 

Prominent manufacturers near by were then 
told of the grand water power. Samuel Law- 
rence and others of Lowell investigated the 
matter, and found two good places for dam- 
ming the river, one at Peters Falls, the other 
at Bodwell's, the location of the present dam. 
The Merrimack River Water Power Associa- 
tion was soon after formed, with Daniel Saun- 
ders as president and manager of the company, 
which consisted of Mr. (afterward Judge) 
Hopkinson, Samuel Lawrence, John Nesmith, 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., Nathaniel Stevens, and 
Jonathan Tyler. The president of the com- 
pany originated a plan for bonding the lands 
in the vicinity of both falls; and, when the 
present site was selected as the most favorable 
point for operations, the neighboring farms 
were purchased at a reasonable price. His 
own real estate, which he had previously 
bought, he sold at the original price plus sim- 
ple interest on his investments, although, had 
not his high sense of honor forbidden him, he 
might have asked and received almost any 
sum. 

A large portrait of the Hon. Daniel Saun- 
ders, upon which is a tablet stating that he 
was the founder of the city of Lawrence, was 




ALBERT P. BUKNHAM. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



345 



presented to the city by his sons in April, 
1888, and now graces the Akiermanic Cham- 
ber of the City Hall. 

On June, 1S21, he married Phebe Foxcroft 
Abbott, who was born February 8, 1797, in 
Andover, Mass., and died March, 1890, in 
Lawrence. Her father, Caleb Abbott, was 
three times married ; and of his three unions 
there .were fifteen children. The maiden 
name of her mother was Lucy Lovejoy. 
Daniel and Phebe Foxcroft Saunders had five 
children, namely: Daniel, born October 6, 
1822; Charles, who was born in June, 1824, 
and was extensively engaged in the manufact- 
ure of lumber in Lowell until his death in 
May, 1891; Martha, who died in childhood; 
Martha, the second, who also died at an early 
age; and Caleb, born September 4, 183S. 
On May 3, 1845, the parents removed from 
Andover to Lawrence, and, having settled on 
the farm previously purchased, there spent 
their remaining days, the father's death oc- 
curring October 8, 1872. 

Daniel Saunders, the younger, studied law 
with the Hon. Josiah G. Abbott, and was for 
some years closely associated with his late 
father in his various enterprises. He contin- 
ued his law practice all the time, however, 
and is now at the head of one of the best 
known legal firms, of this section of Essex 
County. He was Mayor of Lawrence in 
i860, at the time of the fall of the Pember- 
ton Mills. In commemoration of his dis- 
tinguished services, in the care of those 
wounded at that time and the relief of the 
families of those killed, he was presented 
by the citizens of Lawrence, irrespective of 
parties, with a magnificent silver service, 
which he prizes as one of his most valuable 
treasures. He served a year as Senator, and 
also he has represented the city in the lower 
branch of the State legislature. 



(sTVLBERT P. BURNHAM, the superin- 
f^ tendent of the town farm at North 

^ ® V.^ Andover, was born in Andover, 
May 5, 1839, son of John and Diantha (Ste- 
vens) Burnham. The family is of English ori- 
gin, and comes from the same stock as that of 
Admiral Burnham. Its founder in this country 
arrived in Essex County at an early date in 
Colonial history, and his descendants are to be 
found in all parts of New England. 

John Burnham, grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch, resided in Essex, and was a 
farmer. The father, who was a native of Pea- 
body, followed the blacksmith's trade; and his 
last years were spent in Andover. He married 
Diantha Stevens, a daughter of Leonard 
Stevens, of that town, and became the father 
of six children, four of whom are living. 
These are: Albert P., the subject of this 
sketch; Oliver R., a successful businessman 
of Kansas City, Kan. ; George, the superin- 
tendent of the town farm in Andover; and 
Mary, the wife of James P. Smith, of Exeter, 
N. H. 

Albert P. I^urnham attended the public 
schools until he was fourteen years old. Then 
he began to serve an apprenticeship at the 
shoemaker's trade with Joshua Hill, of An- 
dover. After working as a journeyman in his 
native town for a time, he went to Lynn in 
1868, and was employed at his trade in that 
city for seventeen years. After this he pur- 
chased a farm in Ijjswich, and he resided there 
for some years. Since 1892 he has occupied 
the responsible position of superintendent of 
the North Andover town farm. He has 
gained the reputation of an able farmer and 
a thoroughly upright and conscientious man. 
He is a Democrat in politics, holds the ap- 
pointment of Sealer of Weights and Measures, 
and is a special police officer. He joined the 
Independent Order of Odd P"ellows in 1870, 



346 



inOGRAl'HICAL RKVIEW 



antl is a member of the Bay State Lodge, of 
hyiin. 

Ill 1 87 1 Mr. Ikirnham married Mrs. 
Hannah C. Woodard Taber, a daughter of 
Amos Woodard, of Canada, who moved to the 
town of Jay, N.Y. Mrs. Biirnham was born 
in Jay (where her parents were married), and 
resided there until she was thirteen years old. 
She then accompanied her parents to New 
Hampshire, where she resided about twelve 
years. In i860 her father went West, and 
died in Minnesota in 1881. Mrs. Burnham's 
first husband died in 1S62 in the army. After 
his death she moved to Lynn, where she was 
married to Mr. Burnham. By her first hus- 
band she had two children, both of whom died 
in infancy. 




ACAY II.LIAM II. UEWHIRST, an enter- 
foi/ jjrising coal dealer of Groveland, is 
a native of this town, born October 
16, 1863. His father, James Dewhirst, was 
born in Yorkshire, luigland, in 1832. James 
was reared in the manufacturing districts, and 
became an expert mill operative. In 1857 he 
emigrated to the United States. Landing in 
Boston, he subsequently settled in Groveland, 
where he followed his trade. He also engaged 
in farming. The maiden name of his wife, to 
whom he was married in England, was Sarah 
Skelton. 

William II. Dewhirst was graduated from 
the Groveland High School in 1880. He was 
employed at the Groveland Woollen Mills for 
three years, at the expiration of which time he 
went to New Bedford, Mass., where he worked 
in the Oncko Mills for seven years. He then 
embarked in the coal trade in Groveland, and, 
in addition to dealing in that commodity, is 
now doing quite an extensive business in hand- 
ling grain, ice, hay, and fertilizers. He has 



attained a place among the leading business 
men of the town, and is a director of the 
Groveland Co-operative Bank. In ])olitics 
he is Inde]3endent. 

In September, 1888, Mr. Dewhirst was 
united in marriage with Alice W. Renton, 
daughter of William A. Renton, of Groveland. 
He has four children, namely: Sadie M., born 
in i88g; William R., born in 1891; Anna 
S., born in 1S93; and Theodore II., born in 
1895. Mr. Dewhirst is a member of Vesta 
Lodge, No. 166, I. O. O. F., of New Bed- 
ford, and a charter member of Union Lodge, 
No. 7, K. of P. of that city. 



HARRISON TENNKY, a farmer of 
Rowley and the author of anthems and 
gospel hymns, was born there Novem- 
ber 22, 1840, son of John and Sally Lum- 
mns (Chapman) Tenney. His father was choir 
leader in Linebrook Church, Ipswich ; and 
his mother was the leading soprano in the 
choir, so that J. Harrison's childhood must 
have been spent in a musical atmosphere. 
The former was a native of Ipswich. In his 
young manhood he was a last-maker. After- 
ward he became a farmer. It was said of him 
in the village that, if there was an honest man 
in the world, it was John Tenney. He was a 
man well informed and an enthusiastic musi- 
cian as well as a modest one. He was not an 
office-holder in the town. Though he was not 
a member of the church, he was for many years 
an officer of the parish. Mrs. Tenney died 
when eighty-five years of age. Her son speaks 
of her as "the best woman he ever knew." 
So, likewise, said her neighbors and friends. 
John and Sally Tenney's children are: Silas 
M., who married Sarah A. Dawkins, and has 
one son, now twenty-nine years old, a graduate 
of Dummer Academy, and living at home; 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



347 



Lucy, who is unmarried and resides at home; 
and J. Harrison" the subject of this biography 
and the youngest member of the family. 

Mr. Tenney's first song was published in 
the Musical Pioneer. Afterward he contrib- 
uted to the New York Musical Gazette many 
beautiful songs of a religious character. He 
has published thirty books of his songs and 
anthems for the church, Sunday-school, and 
prayer-meeting. Scarcely a book or collec- 
tion of this kind has been made for the last 
twenty-five years that has not his name in its 
list of composers. His tastes have always 
been in this line of music. His most success- 
ful work is "Work and Worship," of which 
one hundred thousand copies have been sold. 

The most modest of men, Mr. Tenney in- 
sists that he is not a professional musician, 
and only employs himself in his musical work 
during the little leisure left him by his farm 
duties, and for his own pleasure and profit. 
He is a Deacon in the Congregational church, 
where he leads the choir and plays the organ, 
making a free offering of his services. He 
does not now write as much as formerly, but it 
has been said of him that "he writes music as 
the robin sings." Mr. Tenney married Alice 
Potter, of Rowley, a daughter of Nathaniel 
and Mary (Mack) Potter. He is now the 
father (jf two children, Miriam and l^sther 
Louise. 




'AMUP:L G. pool, a successful 
business man and an esteemed citi- 
zen of Gloucester, who has been 
identified with the Atlantic Halibut Company 
since the firm was established, is a native of 
Bristol, Me., born January 20, 1841. A son 
of Ebenezer C. and Martha (Plummer) Pool, 
he comes of Colonial stock, being a descend- 
ant of Stephen Hopkins and his wife, Eliza- 
beth, who were passengers on the "May- 



flower." John Pool, the first representative 
of the family in Gloucester, to which place he 
came from Beverly in the year 1700, was born 
in 1670 in Taunton, England. He was a car- 
penter by trade. The timber land on his 
farm at Rockport furnished the lumber with 
which Long Wharf, in Boston, was built in 
1710. Little is known regarding his son 
John, e.xcept that he had a son Isaac, who 
married Olive Cleveland, daughter of the 
Rev. Ebenezer Cleveland, the minister at 
Sandy Bay, who had been a chaplain in the 
Continental army. Isaac and Olive Pool had 
a son Ebenezer, born at Sandy Bay. Four 
years after his birth they removed to Bristol, 
Me., which was the birthplace of Ebenezer C. 
Pool, son of Ebenezer Pool, and named for his 
grandfather, Plbenezer Cleveland. 

Samuel G. Pool was educated in the public 
schools of Bristol, Me. The first four years 
after he left school were spent with his father 
on the farm. When about twenty years of age, 
he engaged in seafaring, which he afterward 
followed for several years, becoming in time 
the master of a fishing-vessel sailing from 
Gloucester. After serving for two years in 
this capacity, he had a vessel of his own built 
in Bristol, and during the succeeding four 
years he was engaged in fishing for a liveli- 
hood, finding a market for his fish in Glouces- 
ter and Boston. About this time an incident 
occurred which changed the entire future- 
course of his life. His vessel, which he 
thought safely moored, broke loose and was 
wrecked. This misfortune proved a blessing 
in disguise. Previously Mr. Pool had not 
thought it possible to follow any avocation on 
land. Now forced to try, and largely influ- 
enced by the importunities of his wife to find 
some employment so he could remain at home, 
he soon found that he was possessed of good 
business ability. For a year he was employed 



348 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



by Stockbridge & Co., during which time he 
gained a knowledge of the fresh fish business. 
He then formed a partnership with William 
H. Gardner, under the style of Pool & Gardner. 
Four years later they consolidated with Oakes 
& Co., under the firm name of the Gloucester 
Fresh Fish Company. This firm, after two 
years of successful business, consolidated with 
Stockbridge & Co. and Stetson & Co., form- 
ing the now famous Atlantic Halibut Com- 
pany. 

Mr. Pool was married in July, 1867, to 
Miss Helen Marr, a daughter of Chester and 
Elizabeth (Green) Marr. Six children have 
been born to them, namely: Herman Everett, 
in 1868; Clementine, in 1870; Gardner, in 
1877; Blanche Elizabeth, in 1S80; Samuel 
Seroy, in 1883; and James Plummer, in 1889. 
Herman attended the public and high schools 
of Gloucester, and subsequently graduated at 
Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College in 
Boston. After spending a few years as book- 
keeper for Swift & Co., he formed a partner- 
ship with John T. Hodge, which was dis- 
solved by the death of the latter in i8g6. 
While the firm name of Hodge & Pool has 
been retained, the business is now conducted 
by Herman Pool alone. Herman ¥.. Pool is 
a prominent member of Tyrian Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M. ; of McPherson Chapter, R. A. M. ; of 
Bethlehem Commandery, K. T. ; and of the 
Mystic Shrine. He has also for several years 
been a member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company of Boston. He married 
Louisa Rider, daughter of Enoch Rider. 
The Rider family, which has been well known 
on Cape Cod for many generations, traces its 
ancestry back to Peregrine White, the first 
white child born in New England. Herman 
and Louisa Rider Pool have two children, of 
whom Chester was born in 1893. Clementine 
Pool married Hugh Parkhurst, who is in the 



employ of A. Manton Patillo. They have 
two daughters: Helen, born in 1893; and 
Mildred, born in 1896. Gardner Pool, who 
attended the public schools of Gloucester and 
is a graduate of the Bryant & Stratton's Bos- 
ton College, is now with the firm of Hodge & 
Pool. Blanche Pool is a student of the 
Gloucester High School. Samuel and James 
are pupils of the graded public schools. 
Blanche and Samuel are members of the order 
called the Children of the American Revo- 
lution. 




ALLACE BATES, Superintendent 
of Streets in Lynn, was born here 
October 14, 1S39, son of Thomas 
S. and Elizabeth (Ikown) Bates. The father, 
born in Saugus, was a son of Thomas Bates, 
a shoemaker, who passed the greater part of 
his quiet, uneventful life in that town, and his 
closing days in Lynn, dying in 1862. Thomas 
S. Bates learned the shoemaker's trade in his 
native town. When a young man, he removed 
to Lynn, and there married Miss Brown, who 
was a native of this town. He subsequently 
engaged in the manufacture of shoes, contin- 
uing in that occupation until his death in 
1S78. Much interested in the welfare of his 
adopted city, he served in several of its minor 
offices. 

Having attended the public schools of Lynn 
for the usual period, Wallace Bates at the age 
of fifteen began shoemaking with his father. 
In i860 he embarked in business as a shoe 
manufacturer, continuing ten years. P'rom 
1870 until 1887 he confined his operations to 
speculating and trading in horses, cattle, real 
estate, etc., his natural ability, shrewdness, 
and tact bringing him success. On January 
I, 1888, he assumed the duties of the Superin- 
tendent of Streets, an important city office to 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



349 



which he has since been annually re-elected. 
During his incumbency great improvements 
have been made in the city's thoroughfares. 
New streets have been laid out ; and it has 
been his privilege and pleasure to build and 
open Eastern Avenue, one of the jjrincipal 
thoroughfares. 

In i8So Mr. Bates was a member of the 
Common Council, and did efficient service in 
the Committees on Laying out Streets, Alms- 
house, and the Poor. In politics he is a sound 
and loyal Republican. He is intimately iden- 
tified with the welfare and advancement of 
several secret organizations of Lynn, being a 
charter member, and Past Grand of West 
Lynn Lodge, No. 65, I. O. O. F. ; Past Chief 
Patriarch of Palestine Encampment, No. 37; 
a member of Abraham Lincoln Lodge, K. of P. ; 
and of the Lynn Lodge of Elks, No. 117. 
He is also a member of the Lynn Republican 
Club and of the Park Club. On June 17, 
1S63, he married Miss Mary A. Alley, a 
daughter of James Alley and Abigail (Witt) 
Alley, who was born and educated in Lynn. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bates have three children — 
Edgar W. , James A., and Herbert W. 



—«-••■•-♦— 




IS 



AVID HOLBROOK, a well-known 
stone-cutter in the emjjloy of the 
Pigeon Hill Granite Company, 
Rockport, is a native of this town, born May 
I, 183s, son of David and Abigail C. (Parsons) 
Holbrook. His father, who was a native of 
Massachusetts, resided in Rockport from the 
early thirties until his death in 1859. His 
mother was a native of Rockport. 

David Holbrook was educated in the pub- 
lic schools. At the age of thirteen he went to 
work in the cpiarries in this vicinity, and has 
remained thus engaged up to the present time. 
In 1876 he entered the employ of the Pigeon 



Hill Company, and he has acted as foreman of 
the granite cutters a greater part of the time 
for the past twenty years. 

Mr. Holbrook married Sarah T. Grover, 
daughter of the late Captain William Grover, 
a well-known fisherman of Rockport, who 
was sent as Representative to the legislature 
soon after Rockport became a town. 

In politics Mr. Holbrook acts with the Re- 
publican party, but has Prohibition sympa- 
thies. He has been a trustee of the Granite 
Savings Bank since its organization, and is 
actively concerned in all movements having 
for their object the benefit of the community. 
He is a Past Grand of Granite Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., and also belongs to the Order 
of American Mechanics. 



;^OSHUA N. FOSS, a former resident of 
Rowley, and a son of Joshua and Eliza 
P^oss, was born October 5, 1829, in 
Strafford, N. H. He received his earlier edu- 
cation in Strafford and in Atkinson, Me. 
Afterward he attended Dummer Academy in 
Byfield, Mass., to which place his parents 
removed when he was fourteen years old. 
The family first lived on the Stedman and 
Harrod place, then upon the Colman place, 
and finally on the old Nelson estate in Rowley, 
which was bought by the father. Here Joshua 
N. became the man of the family, and for n 
time was assisted on the farm by his brothers. 
James, the youngest, studied for the Baptist 
ministry, and afterward went into the book 
business. 

Though originally a farmer, Mr. Foss was 
engaged in the insurance business for ten 
years, at one time with Mr. Carter, and then 
with Brewster Brothers of Newburyport; and 
he was a director of the Groveland Mutual 
Insurance Company. Much of his time was 



35° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



spent in politics. He was a Selectman for 
several years, represented his district in the 
legislature in 18S7, and he held the commis- 
sion of Justice of the Peace. Always a stanch 
Republican, he was entirely candid in his ap- 
proval or disapproval of candidates or meas- 
ures. Among his firmest friends were the 
young men of the town, with whom he kept 
in close touch. He was apparently in perfect 
health two days before his death, which oc- 
curred January 11, 1894, at the age of si.\ty- 
four. He belonged to the Masonic body at 
Georgetown, and was very active in the affairs 
of the Universalist church in Rowley, of 
which he was a member. 

Mr. Foss first married Rebecca Balch, a 
daughter of Deacon Phineas C. lialch, one of 
the prominent men of By field. On September 
22, i8go, Abbie C. Adams, daughter of Al- 
bert S. and Abigail (Dummer) Adams, be- 
came his second wife. Her father, a repre- 
sentative machinist of Amesbury, Mass., was 
born in Newbury, July 9, 1825, and received 
his education at Dummer Academy. He 
began business at Newport, where he and 
N. N. Dummer carried on a grist and saw 
mill. After returning to this vicinity a few 
years later, he lived in Amesbury for twenty- 
five years. Here he obtained a position as 
machinist with the Amesbury and Salisbury 
Woollen Company, under Deacon Bagley, 
and afterward in the Amesbury Woollen Mill 
with Mr. Bleakie. After this mill was dis- 
continued, Mr. Adams went with Robert 
Bleakie, whose father introduced the first 
power loom in the country. Mr. Bleakie now 
controls the Hyde Park Water Company, for 
which Mr. Adams was superintendent during 
the twelve years preceding his death. 

Throughout the last eight years of his resi- 
dence in Amesbury, Mr. Adams was active in 
town affairs; and, when the division between 




Amesbury and Merrimac was effected, he was 
a member of the Board of Selectmen. He 
served on the Amesbury School Board for 
four years; and in 1879 he represented that 
town in the State legislature, where he served 
on the joint standing committee on Roads and 
Bridges. 

YLVANUS FLINT, a farmer of 
South Middleton and a mason by 
trade, was born on his present 
homestead, December 22, 182S. A son of 
John and Sally (Holt) Flint, he is a descend- 
ant of Thomas Flint, who came to New Eng- 
land with his wife, Ann, about the middle of 
the seventeenth century, and was one of the 
first settlers at Salem Village, as it was then 
called, later Danvers, now Peabody, his home- 
stead property being near what is known as 
Phelps's Mills, about five miles from North 
Reading. 

I^"rom Thomas the line was continued 
through his son. Captain Thomas, born in 
1645, ^vho fought in King Piiilip's War and 
died in 1721, to Captain Samuel, born in 
1693, who married Ruth Putnam, daughter of 
John Putnam, third, son of John, Jr., and 
grandson of John, Sr., the immigrant founder 
of the Putnam family of New England. 

Deacon John Flint, the ne.xt ancestor in 
this line, born in 1725, son of Captain Sam- 
uel and Ruth, married in 1746 Huldah, 
daughter of Jethro and Ann Putnam. Jethro 
Putnam, we learn from the Putnam Genealogy, 
lived at the old Putnam place in Danvers, for- 
merly owned by his father, James Putnam, 
now known as Oak Knoll. 

Samuel Flint, a brother of Deacon John, 
was a Captain in the Revolution. He took 
an active part in the battle of Lexington. 
Being asked by an officer where he should be 
found on a certain occasion, his reply was, 




SYLVAN us FLINT. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



353 



"Where the enemy is, there you will meet 
me." He was slain at the battle of Still- 
water, October 7, 1777. 

Jeremiah Flint, born in 1749, son of Dea- 
con John and his wife, Hiildah, married 
Sarah Elliott. Their children were: Roger; 
James; Anna; John; Jeremiah; Jesse; Sally; 
Samuel; Fanny; and one, the fourth son, that 
died an infant of a few days. Roger Flint 
lived in Bo.xford ; James went to Maine; Anna 
married Deacon Joseph I'eabody, of Middle- 
ton; Jesse made his home for some years in 
Lynn, but died in Middleton; Sally married 
Asa Russell, of Peabody; and Fanny married 
Adrian Putnam, of Danvers. 

Jeremiah, Jr., the fifth son, born in 1785, 
married in 1S16 Mary floward, who died in 
1S36. He died in 1853, survived by four 
children : James, whose younger son, James 
H., of Weymouth, Mass., a lawyer, is the 
present State Senator from the F"irst Norfolk 
District (1898); Charles Louis, now deceased, 
who was secretary of the Massachusetts State 
Board of Agriculture, 1S53-81, and for one 
year president of the Agricultural College at 
Amherst; Sarah A., who married James S. 
Campbell, and since her husband's death con- 
tinues to reside with her daughter, Mary F., 
at their home in Newton; Mary A., who lives 
at Needham. Jeremiah Flint, Jr., built a 
house on his share of his father's lands, near 
the old family dwelling. 

John Flint, born in 1782, third son of 
Jeremiah, succeeded to the paternal home- 
stead. He married in 1824 Sally Holt, of 
Wilmington. They had seven children, 
namely: John Calvin, now a resident of Bos- 
ton; George Bradley, of Middleton; Sylva- 
nus, the subject of this sketch; Abigail, who 
lives at the homestead with her brother Sylva- 
nus; Jeremiah, who resided at Reading, and 
died there in 1894; Sarah Elizabeth Flint, 



who died in 1884; and Justin, who enlisted 
early in the war of the Rebellion in Company 
C, Seventeenth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteers, was taken ill in Baltimore, Md., 
and died there in 1861. Much esteemed in 
the town, the father was often chosen Select- 
man. He died in 1852. 

Sylvanus Flint passed his boyhood on the 
home farm. He learned the mason's trade, 
and then worked for a time in a paper-mill. 
Afterward, in Boston, he followed his trade 
for twenty-five years, residing during that 
period in Somerville and Maiden. Having 
returned to the ancestral farm at the beginning 
of the Civil War, he has since resided here, 
except when working at his trade in New 
Hampshire, Maine, or in other parts of Mas- 
sachusetts. At the age of twenty-five he mar- 
ried Miss Miranda Pitts, daughter of William 
and Mary Pitts, of Liverpool, England. She 
died in 1867, having been the mother of four 
children, namely: Nelson P., now a mason of 
Everett, Mass., and a maker of steam heaters, 
etc. ; M. Adelaide, now the wife of H. M. 
Preston, of Jamaica Plain, Mass. ; Fannie, 
who became a teacher, and now holds the 
office of Postmaster of South Middleton, and 
has since 1893, when the post-office was es- 
tablished here; and Sylvanus, who died in 
infancy. 

Mr. Flint is a Republican in politics. He 
has long held offices in the gift of the town. 
About three years ago he started a general 
merchandise store in connection with the 
post-office, and has since successfully con- 
ducted it. 

Mr. Flint's farm now consists of about 
eighty-five acres. It was a part of the estate 
of Deacon John Flint, who owned besides 
other lands the mill privilege on the Ipswich 
River, which was formerly held by his grand- 
father. Captain Thomas Flint. Deacon 



354 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Flint's will was dated December 22, 1773. 
It is thought that he built the house which 
has come down to his descendants of the 
fourth generation. His grandson John, Mr. 
Flint's father, owned a saw-mill and a grist- 
mill. The mill privilege was sold somewhat 
more than sixty years ago to Colonel Francis 
Peabody, who built the first Middleton 
paper-mill. 

TTAALEB SAUNDERS, an able lawyer of 
I jp Lawrence, Mass., and one of its most 

X»i£_^ prominent and valued citizens, was 
born September 4, 183S, in Andover, Mass. 
He is a son of the late Hon. Daniel Saunders, 
founder of the city of Lawrence, and a brother 
of Daniel Saunders, in whose sketch, which 
appears on another page of this volume, an 
extended ancestral history may be found. 

Caleb Saunders received his early education 
in Lawrence, and has the distinction of being 
the first graduate of the city high school to 
become a collegian. In September, 1855, he 
entered Bowdoin College at Brunswick, Me., 
from which he was graduated in July, 1859, as 
one of the first six in a class of thirty-nine, 
though he had neither the salutatory nor the 
valedictory. In the office of his brother Dan- 
iel he then began the study of law, which he 
continued until the breaking out of the late 
Civil War, when he gladly responded to his 
country's summons for volunteers, being the 
first man to enlist in the city of Lawrence 
after the call from President Lincoln was 
received. He enlisted April 14, 1861, in 
Company I, Si.xth Massachusetts Volunteer 
Infantry, under CajJtain John Pickering and 
Colonel Jones, and participated, in the first 
fray of the Rebellion, the l^altimore riot, in 
which he received a slight flesh wound. Four 
of his comrades there bravely met death, one 
of them, Corporal Nccdham, falling directly 



in front of Mr. Saunders. His first term of 
enlistment was for three months. He after- 
ward joined the F"irst Massachusetts Heavy 
Artillery, in which he was commissioned P^irst 
Lieutenant, and served as acting Adjutant. 
Under the exposures and hardships of life in 
camp and field, he lost flesh rapidly, becoming 
reduced from one hundred and sixty pounds 
avoirdupois to ninety-eight pounds. His 
health being seriously impaired, he resigned 
on December 10, 1862. 

On returning to Lawrence and regaining his 
health, Mr. Saunders resumed his law studies, 
and in 1864 was admitted to the bar with the 
privilege of practising in any of the courts of 
the Commonwealth. He has since been asso- 
ciated with his brothers in legal work, being 
a member of the firm of Daniel, Caleb, and 
Charles G. Saunders. During his entire 
career he has been very active in municipal 
affairs, and at different periods has held all 
the important positions within the gift of his 
fellow-citizens. He was a member of the 
Common Council for three years, was an Al- 
derman three years, on the School Board fif- 
teen years, and in 1S77 was Mayor of the city. 

He is a stanch Democrat in politics, as is 
his brother, thereby differing from their 
father, who was first a Free Soiler and later 
a decided Republican. He is very much in- 
terested in Masonry, and has done much to 
promote the good of the lodges to which he 
belongs, having been very active in each. 
He has passed all the chairs, and is now Past 
Grand Commander of the Knights Templars of 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island. He belongs 
also to the Needham Post, G. A. R. Though 
not a member of any religious organization, he 
is an attendant of the Episcopal church. 

Mr. Saunders was married February 8, 
1865, to Mrs. Carrie F. Stickney, daughter 
of the late John B. Fairfield, of Lawrence. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



35S 



Her father, who died in 1858, at the age of 
fifty years, was well known in this vicinity as 
a successful educator, and for many years was 
connected with the public schools of this city. 
His wife, whose inaiden name was Mary 
Baker, died in 1880, leaving but one child, 
Carrie F., now Mrs. Saunders. Mr. and Mrs. 
Saunders have resided since their marriage at 
362 Andover Street, Lawrence. They have 
two children, namely: Annie O., wife of 
Charles H. Baldwin, of Boston ; and George 
F. , of Lawrence. The latter married Jennie 
Donnell, of York, Me., and is the father of 
three children — Daniel, William I'., and 
Carrie C. 



T^Y^EV. DeWITT S. CLARK, D.D., 
I S^ was born in Chicopee, Mass., Sep- 
t-P V_ , ^ tcmber 11, 1841. His parents 
were the Rev. Eli B. and Cornelia (DeWitt) 
Clark. His immigrant ancestor, Thomas 
Clark, was born in England in i6go. Thomas 
Clark had a son Timothy, whose son Eli was 
the Rev. Dr. Clark's grandfather. Eli Clark 
was born in Waterbury, Conn., and spent 
much of his life in that town. A well-to-do 
farmer, he was prominent in town affairs, 
and served on the Board of Selectmen. 
He was a member of the First Congregational 
Church of Waterbury. He died when his 
grandson, DeWitt S. Clark, was two years 
old. One of Eli Clark's sons. Captain Will- 
iam Clark, was an officer in the militia, and 
served in the War of 1S12. 

The Rev. Eli Benedict Clark, above named, 
son of Eli Clark, was a graduate of Yale, 
1836, and of the New Haven Theological 
Seminary. Ordained October 16, 1839, he 
was for thirty-six years pastor of the First 
Congregational Church in Chicopee, spending 
all his ministerial life in that town. He 
died in Springfield, Mass., April 2, 1889, in 



his eighty-second year. His wife was a 
daughter of Garrit V. H. and Elizabeth (Bald- 
win) DeWitt, of Milford, Conn., the former 
being descended from one of the early Dutch 
settlers of New York. Her grandparents were 
Garrit and Margaret (Van Horn) DeWitt. 
Garrit DeWitt was born in New York in 
1735, and was in business there as a merchant 
for a number of years. He had a fam- 
ily of eight children; namely, John, Cather- 
ine, Garrit V. H. (DeWitt S. Clark's mater- 
nal grandfather), Margaret, Abraham, Peter, 
William, and John. Garrit Van Horn De- 
Witt was born in 1761 in Milford, Conn., 
and was in trade in that town for a great 
many years. His last years were spent in 
retirement from active business. Like all 
the DeWitts, he belonged to the Episcopal 
church. He married Elizabeth Baldwin, who 
bore him ten children — William, David, 
Elizabeth, Catherine, Avis, Maria, Garrit, 
Cornelia (Mrs. Clark), John, and Margaret. 
Mrs. Cornelia DeWitt Clark died in 1880, 
aged seventy-two. She had but two children: 
DeWitt Scoville, the subject of this sketch; 
and a daughter Cornelia who died in 1883. 

DeWitt Scoville Clark, after graduating 
from the Chicopee High School, attended suc- 
cessively a private school in Orange, Conn., 
and Williston Seminary, Easthampton, Mass., 
where he was graduated in 1859. He took 
his degree of Bachelor of Arts at Amherst 
College in 1863, delivering one of the class 
orations at the commencement. After leaving 
college he taught one term in the Upton 
(Mass.) High School, and was for two years 
principal of the Sa.xonville (Mass.) High 
School. He then entered the Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, from which he graduated in 
1868. That same year he received a call to 
the First Evangelical Church at Clinton, 
Mass.; and on November 11, 1868, he was 



3S6 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



ordained and installed pastor of that church. 
He resigned his charge there on the tenth 
anniversary of his installation, having re- 
ceived a call to the Tabernacle Church at 
Salem, where he was installed January i6, 
1879. The degree of Doctor of Divinity was 
conferred upon him by Amherst in 1893. 

Dr. Clark is a member of the Monday Club, 
an association of Congregational clergymen, 
which publishes annually a volume of sermons 
upon the International Sunday-school Lessons, 
each member contributing, and has written 
for the Andovcr Reviciv. He has been abroad 
three times. In 1871 he went through the 
British Isles, Holland, up the Rhine, and 
home by way of France; in 1886 he visited 
Hamburg, Denmark, Sweden and Norway — 
going as far as the North Cape — Germany, 
and Austria, and started from Paris for home; 
and in 1895, with the Congregational Oriental 
party, he visited the Holy Land. During 
each of these tours he wrote letters for the 
periodicals at home. He is a director of the 
Young Men's Christian Association; a corpo- 
rate member of the American Board of Com- 
missioners for P'oreign Missions; a trustee of 
the Massachusetts Bible Society; a director of 
the College Educational Society, the Congre- 
gational Association, and the Board of Pas- 
toral Supply. He was moderator of the 
Congregational General Association of Massa- 
chusetts on the occasion of their conference 
at Springfield, Mass., in 1893, and was 
preacher of the annual sermon at their conven- 
tion in Fall River in 1896. Dr. Clark has 
given the commencement address at Yankton 
College, S. Dak., and at Olivet College, 
Mich., and baccalaureate sermons at the Nor- 
ton Female Seminary and the Abbott Acad- 
emy, Andover. 

Dr. Clark has been a member of the School 
Board of Salem since 1883 and chairman of 



the High School Committee several years. 
He is a member of the Essex Institute, has 
been president of the Winthrop Club of Bos- 
ton, was for several years secretary of the 
Esse.x Congregational Club of Salem and 
president one year. Among his most valued 
possessions are the portraits of his great- 
grandparents, Garrit and Margaret (Van 
Horn) DeWitt, painted by Benjamin West, 
which hang in his drawing-room. 

On January 18, 1871, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Emma Tiffany, daughter of 
Hon. Joseph and Phila T. Wood, of Paw- 
tucket, R.I. Mr. Wood was a prominent 
manufacturer in Central I'alls, of the firm of 
Wood & Adams. He has four children, 
three sons and a daughter; namely, Garrit 
DeWitt, Leigh Freeman, Hilda Goulding, 
and DeWitt S. , Jr. His two eldest sons are 
in business in Boston. 




EUBEN S. LOW, who cultivates a 
productive truck farm in Essex, was 
born in this town, October 30, 
1836, son of William and Thankful (Burn- 
ham) Low. His paternal grandfather, also 
named William, a fisherman and a farmer of 
this county, wedded Mary Giddings, of P2ssex, 
and had a family of six children; namely, 
Sally, Ariel, Lucy P., Gilman S., William, 
and Winthrop. Winthrop died in infancy. 
Sally married John Roberts, and died in 
1865. Ariel successively married Martha 
Proctor, Lucinda Dane, of New Hampshire, 
and Martha A. Dearborne. Lucy P. and her 
husband, Simon Butler, are both deceased. 
Gilman S. dealt in hides and leather in 
Boston. 

William Low, the father of Reuben S., 
and who was lost at sea in 1862, while on a 
fishing excursion to Georges Banks, first mar- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



357 



ried Thankful Burnham, a native of Essex and 
a daughter of Richard and Thanl<ful (An- 
drews) Burnham, of that town. Richard 
Burnham died in January, 1855; and his 
wife died March 11, 1867. Their children 
were: Richard and Thankful; Nancy, de- 
ceased, who married John Andrews, a ship- 
carpenter, also deceased; Fanny, residing in 
Essex, whose husband, Humphrey C. Allen, 
was lost at sea; Lucy, who is the widow of 
Josiah Poland, and resides in Essex; Henry 
\V. , who married Eliza Burnham, and died in 
1881; Mary W., the wife of Nathan Low, a 
farmer of North Essex; Clarinda B. , who 
married William H. Gilbert, a shoemaker of 
South Essex; and Alvin, a shoemaker of the 
same place, who married Helen S. Andrews. 
William Low's first wife died in August, 

1838, leaving two sons: Reuben S., the sub- 
ject of this sketch; and William, who died in 

1839. His second wife, who was before mar- 
riage Lydia Owens, of Boston, bore him three 
children — Benjamin O., William P'rancis, 
and Charles Gilman. Charles G. died in in- 
fancy. Benjamin O., who was in the United 
States Navy during the Civil War, and still 
holds a commission in the service, married 
Carrie Sargent, of Boston Highlands. Will- 
iam F"rancis Low, a flour broker in Boston, 
married Hattie A. Francis. 

Reuben S. Low was reared by his uncle, 
Gilman S. Low, with whom he resided from 
the age of two and one-half years until he was 
twenty-one. He attended the South Brook- 
field Family School for Boys and Phillips 
Academy at Andover, Mass. When seven- 
teen years old, he began to keep books for his 
inicle. In 1859 he engaged in farming in 
Leominster, Mass., where he remained five 
years. In 1865, after a short residence in 
Chelsea, Mass., he settled upon the Low farm 
in Essex, where he has since resided. His 



property, on which his grandfather, William 
Low, settled in 18 17, contains about sixty 
acres. For many years he furnished the Bos- 
ton market with large quantities of straw- 
berries and vegetables, but he has now jiracti- 
cally retired from active labor. 

On October 30, 1857, Mr. Low was joined 
in marriage with Martha Jane Brooks. She 
was born in Gloucester, Mass., October 19, 
1834, daughter of Captain Benjamin and 
Louisa (Tarr) Brooks, who were also natives 
of Gloucester. Her father, who was a sea 
captain, died December 15, 1841. Her 
mother, now eighty-nine years old, is living 
in Rockport, Mass. The rest of their five 
children were: Louisa, who married James C. 
Parsons, both now deceased; Mary, who died 
at the age of five years; George P., who mar- 
ried Jessie Savage, and is a carpenter in 
Rockport; and Benjamin F., who died at the 
age of seven months. Mr. and Mrs. Low 
have had three children, as follows: Ellen 
Gertrude, born July 29, 1858; Charles Gil- 
man, born January iS, i860; and Susan 
Emily, born March 11, 1863. Ellen Ger- 
trude married John E. Jubb, who is connected 
with a varnish firm in New York City, and 
had three children, none of whom are living. 
She died February 24, 1896. Charles Gil- 
man, now a farmer and trader in Essex, mar- 
ried Emma L. Andrews, and has four children 
— Emma, Lester, Althine, and Eleanor 
Susan Emily and her husliand, John L. 
Turner, of Halifax, N.S. , who is a carpenter 
by trade, reside with her parents, and have 
one child, Velma Low, born July 13, 1892. 

In politics Mr. Low is a Republican, and 
he was chairman of the School Board for three 
years. His kindness and generosity have 
gained for him the good will of his neighbors 
and fellow-townsmen, and he has a wide 
circle of friends and acquaintances. He is 



3S8 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 




an active member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and superintendent of its Sunday- 
school. 

VORIiNZO A. MARTIN, who has been 
identified with mercantile business and 
the quarryint^ industry of Pigeon 
Cove for many years, was born in Rockport, 
August 27, 1840, son of Anthony and Sarah 
J. (Johnson) Martin. The father was a native 
of the Island of Madeira, and the mother was 
born in the State of Maine. Anthony Martin 
accompanied Captain Edward Griffiths to the 
United States when he was ten years old, and 
lived in the Captain's family at Durham, 
N.H., until he attained his majority. He 
then came to Pigeon Cove, where he found 
employment in the granite quarries, and later 
acted as foreman for different concerns, resid- 
ing here for the rest of his life. Of his chil- 
dren, two are living, namely: Lorenzo A., the 
subject of this sketch; and Martha A., now 
residing in Pigeon Cove, the widow of A. A. 
Peterson, late of South Boston. 

Lorenzo A. Martin supplemented his com- 
mon-school education with a business course 
at French's Commercial College in Boston. 
Having entered the store of Austin W. Story 
as a clerk when sixteen years old, he was in 
the employ of that merchant at intervals for 
several years. At one time he was Assistant 
Postmaster under Mr. Story. He also clerked 
for John J. Manning, a clothing dealer in 
Rockport for a season; and during the Rebel- 
lion he was head clerk of the grocery depart- 
ment of a general store carried on by Eames, 
Stimson & Co., formerly extensive quarrymen 
of this locality. For some time he was the 
manager of Edmunds & Lane's general store, 
the book-keeper and manager of the store kept 
by the Bay State Granite Company for a num- 
ber of years, and for fourteen years he ably 



filled the responsible position of superintend- 
ent of the granite quarry operated by Charles 
Guidet, of New York. He is well and favor- 
ably known in the business circles of this sec- 
tion, and at the present time is a member of 
the board of directors of the Rockport Na- 
tional Bank. 

Mr. Martin married Emma H. Spinney, of 
Gloucester. He has two children — Sarah J. 
and Martha K. Martin. In politics he is a 
Reimblican. Though frequently solicited by 
his party to accept a nomination to office, he 
has invariably declined. He is, however, 
greatly interested in the general welfare of 
the town; and his aid can always be depended 
upon to further any movement for its im- 
provement. Mr. Martin is a member of 
Ocean View Lodge, Knights of Pythias. 




MOS F. HOBBS, a lifelong and es- 
teemed resident of VVenham, was born 
here, March 23, 1821, son of Amos 
F. Hobbs, Sr., and Bethiah (Goodell) Hobbs. 
The Hobbs family is of English extraction. 
Jonathan, the paternal grandfather of Amos 
F., Jr., and a number of his brothers, served 
in the Revolutionary War. The father was a 
Lieutenant in a militia company, of which he 
was the bugler at the time of General Lafay- 
ette's visit here, when the distinguished for- 
eigner was escorted by the militia. A man of 
excellent judgment, he enjoyed a large ac- 
quaintance in this section of the State, and 
was popular with all who knew liini. A stone- 
cutter by trade, he carried on business near 
what is now a part of Rockport, opening the 
first stone quarry in Lanesville, Mass., and 
building the first wharf in that town which 
was then called Squam. At one time he was 
in business at Pigeon Cove. Late in life he 
removed to Wenham, where he died in 1837. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



359 



His reputation was that of a very generous 
man. 

After attending the common schools of 
VVenham, Amos F. Hobbs, the subject of this 
sketch, studied for one term at an academy in 
Beverly, Mass. He began to learn shoemak- 
ing when about ten years old, and afterward 
worked at that trade, more or less, until he 
was forty-two. He has also had experience in 
agriculture and fruit-raising. Since the close 
of the Civil War, the raising of fruit, chiefly 
of pears and apples, has been his principal 
business. 

On June 15, 1S47, Mr. Hobbs married 
Betsey W. Lamon, a native of Middleton, 
Mass., and a daughter of Captain Winthrop 
Lamon. She died August 22, 1893. In pol- 
itics Mr. Hobbs is a Democrat, but he does 
not adhere closley to party lines, giving his 
support to the best candidate. He has not as- 
pired to official honors, content to enjoy the 
respect and confidence of his townsmen as a 
private citizen. 



/^HARLES EDWARD BROWN, a 
I jp lineal descendant of one of the orig- 
x^i2_^-' inal settlers of Old Newbury, was 
born February 14, 1827, upon the farm he 
now owns and occupies in West Newbury, son 
of Robert and Susan L. (Morrill) Brown. 
The founder of the family in America was 
Thomas Brown, who with his brothers, Rich- 
ard and George, accompanied a party from 
England about the year 1633. They landed 
upon the banks of the Merrimac River, at a 
place that was afterward called Old Newbury. 
Mary Brown, daughter of Thomas, was the 
first white child- born in that town. In 1635 
the Browns were granted a tract of land upon 
which to settle and clear a farm, and which 
has remained in the family's possession 



through seven generations. Stephen Brown, 
grandfather of Charles E., died in Newbury, 
his native town. Robert Brown, Charles E. 
Brown's father, was born in 1781. ' He culti- 
vated the farm during the active period of his 
life, and died in 1S62. His wife, Susan L., 
was a daughter of Winthrop and Susan Mor- 
rill, of North Berwick, Me. The Brown fam- 
ily are members of the Society of Friends. 

Charles Edward Brown completed his edu- 
cation at the Friends' School in Providence, 
R.I., and has always resided at the home- 
stead. He has tilled the soil with energy up 
to the present time. In 1857 he married 
Amanda M. Pillsbury, who, born in Winslow, 
Me., daughter of George Pillsbury, was reared 
in Epping, N.H. She is the mother of one 
son, Robert S., born in i86g, who was edu- 
cated at the Friends' School in Providence, 
and still resides on the homestead. In 1S96 
he married Grace G. Rogers, daughter of 
Charles and Abbie Rogers, of this town. His 
only child. Norma R., born August 26, 1897, 
is of the ninth generation living on this place. 
Mr. Brown, Sr., attends the Friends' meetings 
in Amesbury. 



OHN W. BAILEY, a successful busi- 
ness man of Georgetown, was born in 
Beverly, Mass., May 28, 1840, son of 
William K. and Elizabeth (Caldwell) Bailey. 
His grandfather, David Bailey, an industrious 
farmer and a lifelong resident of North Bev- 
erly, Mass., married Anna Spiller. 

William K. Bailey, the father of John W., 
was born in Rowley in 1806. He followed the 
business of shoe and blackball manufacturer 
until his death, which occurred June 3, i860. 
His wife Elizabeth, a native of Beverly, was 
a daughter of Abram Caldwell, who, born in 
Beverly in 1773, died in 1843. She became 



360 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



the mother of two children, namely: John 
VV. , the subject of this sketch; and Elizabeth 
A., born in 1837. Elizabeth A. Bailey was 
educated at the high school and seminary in 
Ipswich, and for some time taught school at 
the House of Correction. She is connected 
witli temperance societies, and is a member of 
Bethany Lodge, No. 105, Daughters of Re- 
becca. Mrs. William K. Bailey died in 
1894. 

John VV. Bailey completed his education at 
the Ipswich High School. At the age of six- 
teen he began to serve an apprenticeship at 
the tinner's and plumber's trades with Erancis 
M. Loring in Gloucester. After remaining 
there four years, he worked as a clerk for Asa 
Lord, grocer in Ipswich, for four years, and at 
his trade for Mark Newman the same length 
of time. Erom 1S77 to 1887 he was em- 
ployed by C. M. Morse, of Georgetown, a 
dealer in stoves, tinware, and kitchen goods. 
Having subsequently purchased the business, 
he has since carried it on ably and success- 
fully. He deals in hardware, pumps, pipe of 
all kinds, and conducts a general plumbing 
and tinning business. 

Mr. Bailey is unmarried. He is connected 
with Agawam Lodge, No. 52, I. O. O. F., 
Ipswich, of which he was formerly secretary, 
chaplain, and organist; and with Martha 
Washington Lodge, Daughters of Rebecca, of 
that town. He is a member of Pentucket 
Lodge, No. 72, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, of Georgetown; of Niagara Lodge, 
No. 50, Good Templars, of Ipswich ; and he 
is actively interested in temperance and other 
reform movements. His father and grand- 
father were Deacons of the Congregational 
church, and he united with that denomination 
in Gloucester. While residing in Ipswich, he 
acted as teacher, organist, and leader of tlie 
choir at the House of Correction. He is a 



Deacon of the Peabody Memorial Church, and 
since uniting with it has served in various 
official capacities. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. 



I^TARVEY C. SMITH, a wholesale 
r^i merchant of Gloucester, Mass., was 

-L^ V, , born in the neighboring town of 

Rockport, November 20, 1847, a son of 
Cephas Smith. It is a notable fact that both 
he and his wife are descended from the very 
earliest pioneers of Rockport, one of his an- 
cestors, Richard Tarr, having been the very 
first settler in that part of Essex County, while 
one of Mrs. Smith's ancestors, John Pool, was 
the second. The two families have since in- 
termarried in succeeding generations. 

Mr. Smith is a direct descendant of Will- 
iam Smith, first, who was an officer in the 
British army, stationed in 1750 at Castle 
Island, in Boston Harbor, where his son Will- 
iam, great-grandfather of Harvey C, was born. 
William Smith, second, who was Captain of a 
company of marines in the Revolution, was a 
man of means at the breaking out of the war, 
with a well-established home in Gloucester. 
During the struggle he was taken prisoner and 
carried to Halifax, where he was detained 
until its close. On his return he found his 
property greatly diminished; and, seeing 
better facilities for gaining a livelihood in 
Rockport, he removed to that town, which he 
afterward made his permanent home. 

William Smith, third, Mr. Harvey C. 
Smith's grandfather, followed the sea as a 
fisherman the greater part of his life, and after 
a few years of retirement died at an advanced 
age. He and his wife were the first in the 
place to publicly declare their belief in the 
Baptist creed, and the records show that there 
was a great commotion among the people when 
they were taken to the shore for baptism, even 




IIAk\i:Y C. SMITH. 




IZETTE B. SMITH. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



3^3 



the drum corps of the local militia adding its 
martial tones to the general clamor of disap- 
proval. That he was a Free and Accepted 
Mason is evidenced by the square and compass 
on the headstone that marks his last resting- 
place. 

Cephas Smith was reared to the Baptist 
faith; but, notwithstanding the fact that his 
parents were ardent supporters of the church, 
he became one of the "come-outers, " with- 
drawing, with a few of the more liberally- 
minded members, because the use of the 
church was forbidden to a man holding slightly 
different views from the strict Baptist dogmas. 
In his early life he was a fisherman, but sub- 
sequently became a dealer in oils, fertilizers, 
etc., in Gloucester. He married Tabitha 
Stevens, of York, Me., and they had eight 
children, as follows: Sidney, who died at the 
age of five years; Angeline and Augusta, who 
attained the ages of maturity, married, and 
died on the same day of pneumonia; George 
T. , who resides in Gloucester; Harvey C, the 
subject of this sketch; Samuel, who died in 
i8g6, in Gloucester, leaving a widow and four 
children; Isaac A., a book-keeper in this city; 
and Geneva, wife of William A. Proctor, of 
this city. 

Harvey C. Smith followed fishing as an oc- 
cupation from the age of twelve years to that 
of twenty-three, being for two years captain 
of a fishing schooner. Establishing himself 
then in business on shore in 1872, he was for 
a while in partnership with Edward K. Burn- 
ham as head of the firm of Smith & Burnham. 
Selling his interest in that firm, he was after- 
ward, as travelling salesman, associated with 
Slate, Gorton & Co., wholesale fish dealers, 
with whom he remained until the dissolution 
of the firm four years later. Continuing in 
the same line with one of his former employ- 
ers, Charles C. Cressey, they carried on a sub- 



stantial business together until 1885, when 
Mr. Cressey was appointed Postmaster of the 
city. Mr. Smith has since conducted the 
business with eminent success, and it is now 
of such proportions that he keeps four sales- 
men on the road. 

Fraternally, Mr. Smith is a veteran Odd 
Fellow, having belonged to Ocean Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. , twenty-seven years and to Cape 
Ann Encampment twenty-six years. He is 
also a member of the I. O. R. M., in which he 
has taken the degree of Pocahontas ; of the 
Sons of the American Revolution ; of the 
Society of Colonial Wars; the Knights of 
Malta; the Gloucester Business Men's Club; 
the Gloucester Board of Trade; and the Mas- 
ter Mariners' Association. A public-spirited 
citizen, interested in the welfare of the mu- 
nicipality, he has served two years in the Com- 
mon Council, has been Alderman one year, 
and has been chairman of the ward and of 
the city Republican committee. In 1897 and 
1898 he was a Representative to the General 
Court, in which he served both years on the 
Fish and Game Committee, and in the last 
year was also one of the Printing Committee. 
In 1897 he and his colleague, Charles D. 
Brown, put through the House the measure 
which gave to Gloucester its Ocean Park; and 
in the session of 1898 he carried through the 
legislature the bill providing for a new city 
charter for Gloucester. Among the relics' 
which Mr. Smith cherishes is the pen with 
which Governor Wolcott signed the latter bill. 
Mr. Smith was appointed as one of the special 
committee to represent Massachusetts at the 
Trans-Mississippi Exposition in Omaha, 1898. 

On December 24, 1872, Mr. Smith was mar- 
ried to Izette B., daughter of Wilmot and 
Lucy (Parkhurst) Reed, of this city. Mr. and 
Mrs. Smith have two sons: Charles T., now 
eighteen years old; and Arthur C, nine years 



364 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



uld. Mrs. Smith traces her ancestry through 
her mother's mother, who was Ijefore marriage 
a Miss Parsons, to Stephen Hopkins and his 
daughter Constance, who were passengers on 
the "Mayflower." Mrs. Smith is a member 
of the Society of Mayflower Descendants and 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution. 



rp)TKNRY T. BINGHAM, United 
r^n States Inspector of Immigrants at 

1-^ Vi^ the Port of Boston and a leading 

citizen of Manchester, was born in this town 
on March g, 1839, son of Henry T. and Mary 
J. (Norris) Bingham. His father is deceased. 
His mother, now in her eighty-second year, is 
a highly esteemed resident of Manchester. 
After acquiring his education in the public 
schools of his native town, Henry T. Bingham 
began learning the trade of cabinet-maker, and 
afterward followed it for some time. For 
a number of years he was foreman of the furni- 
ture factory of Kelham & I'itz, formerly a 
well-known manufacturing concern of Man- 
chester. He married Sarah Lowe Marble, a 
Gloucester lady, daughter of Benjamin and 
Emily Marble. Mrs. Bingham is now de- 
ceased. 

In politics Mr. Bingham is a Reimblican. 
He has been warmly interested in local affairs, 
and has served the town in various capacities. 
P"or a short time he was a member of the 
School Committee, and for ten years was one 
of the Board of Selectmen, an Assessor, and 
an Overseer of the Poor. He represented the 
Tenth Essex District in the General Court in 
1891. In May, 1S61, he enlisted in the 
United States Navy, was assigned to service on 
board the frigate "Colorado," which was sent 
to assist in the blockade established in the 
Gulf of Mexico, and was in the service for 
some thirteen months. A charter member of 



Allen Post, No. 67, G. A. R. at Manchester, 
he was for four years its Commander, for eight 
years its Quartermaster, and for a number of 
years its Adjutant. He is a member also of 
Magnolia Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. 

In August, 1891, Mr. Bingham was ap- 
pointed United States Immigrant Inspector 
at Boston ; and he held that position until Sep- 
tember, 1893. He was reappointed in Au- 
gust, 1897, and is now serving in that office. 
Mr. Bingham has warm friends in Manchester. 
His well-deserved reappointment to his im- 
portant post in the service of the federal 
government gave much gratification to his 
fellow-townsmen. 



^^•^» 




ORACE STANDLEY, a leading 
blacksmith and horseshoer of Man- 
chester-by-the-Sea, and a native of 
Wenham, Mass., was born April 18, 1863, 
son of Andrew and Susan (May) Standley. 
Andrew Standley, who was born in Wenham, 
is at present engaged in the retail slu)e busi- 
ness at Beverly P'arms. He was formerly a 
manufacturer of shoes in that town. His wife, 
Susan, is a native of Beverly Farms. 

Horace Standley went to Beverly I-'arms 
when five years of age, his parents settling 
there at that time. He received his early 
education in the common schools. At the 
age of sixteen years he began learning his 
trade with N. P. Allen. After serving an 
apprenticeship of four years, he worked for a 
time as a journeyman in Mr. Allen's shop. 
In 1884 he came to Manchester, and he has 
since been in business for himself here. He 
has secured a profitable patronage, and now 
employs two journeymen and an apprentice. 

Mr. Standley married Ella Larcom, of Bev- 
erly I'^arms; and three children have been born 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



36s 



to him — Chester L. , Ethel F., and Wesley A. 
In politics he is a loyal Republican. Frater- 
nally, he is a member of Magnolia Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Man- 
chester; and of North Shore Lodge, Ameri- 
can Order of United Workmen, also of Man- 
chester. He devotes his entire time to his 
business. This is probably one reason why 
he has been so successful. Patrons are sure 
to find him on the spot when any work requir- 
ing especial care or supervision is demanded, 
and they are equally sure that the work will be 
promptly attended to and skilfully performed. 
He is esteemed by all who know him, and 
commands the full confidence of the business 
public. 



(ffj^OHN LORD PARKER, associate edi- 
tor of the Lynn Itcm^ was born in 
Charlestown (now Ward Four, Bos- 
ton), June 7, 1837. His parents were Plben- 
ezer and Elsie Lord (Rowell) Parker. He is 
a lineal descendant of Abraham Parker, who 
came from England to Charlestown in 1630, 
and who was afterward one of the founders suc- 
cessively of Woburn and Chelmsford. On 
the mother's side he is a descendant of Valen- 
tine Rowell, one of the founders of Ames- 
bury, and of Hannah Dustin, the Haverhill 
heroine. Both maternal and paternal ances- 
tors saw service in the Revolutionary War, 
and three of them were at the battle of Bun- 
ker Hill. 

In 1843 his parents removed to Woburn, 
where he attended the public schools until he 
was fourteen years of age. Then he entered 
the office of the Woburn _/c«;-«rt/ as an appren- 
tice, Horace N. Hastings, now the senior 
proprietor of the Lynn Iteut, being at the time 
the foreman and his instructor in the art pre- 
servative. He worked in the Journal office 



for several years, set the first type on the 
Lynn Reporter, was a year on the Coos Repub- 
liean at Lancaster, N.H., and pursued his 
craft in Portland, Boston, and Cambridge, 
perfecting himself in all its branches. From 
1858 to 1862 he was associated with Horace 
N. Hastings in the publication of the Wo- 
burn Budget, finally disposing of his interest 
therein to his brother. In 1864 he published 
the Woburn Tozviisiiian, Winchester Tran- 
script, and Stoneham Sentinel. After the 
close of the Civil War he was engaged for 
several years in the life insurance business, 
residing for about a year in New York City. 
He purchased the Woburn Journal in 1870, 
and published it for ten years. In 1880 he 
sold out his Woburn business, and came to 
Lynn, under engagement as editor of the 
Iten7, which position he has since very ably 
filled. In connection with the Woburn y^^wr- 
nal, he established the Arlington Advocate 
and Lexington Minute-man, both now pub- 
lished by his brother, C. S. Parker, to whom 
he sold them in 1874. He was the secretary 
of the Massachusetts Press Association from 
1872 to 1880, and in 1891 he was the presi- 
dent of the Lynn Press Club. 

His service during the war for the Union 
covered portions of four years. In 1861 he 
was active in the enlistment of volunteers, 
who afterward became Company F, Twenty- 
second Massachusetts Regiment. He was 
with this regiment in the winter camp at 
Hall's Hill, Va., and in the campaign that 
followed, taking part in the siege of York- 
town and in the battles of Hanover Court- 
house, Mechanicsville, and Gaines's Mill. 
Having been wounded in the latter engage- 
ment, he was taken prisoner, and became an 
inmate of the famous Libby Prison. After 
his parole expired, he was taken to the West 
Philadelphia Hospital, whence he was dis- 



366 



BIOGRAPHICAL RP:V1EW 



charged, September iS, 1S62. In September, 
1S63, he rejoined the army at Culpcper, 
Va., as a citizen clerk, and was with the First 
Brigade, F"irst Division, Fifth Corps, in the 
Centreville campaign. While so employed 
he contracted malarial fever at Three Mile 
Station, and suffered a long illness. In 1864 
he assisted in raising a company to recruit the 
Eleventh Massachusetts Volunteers, and joined 
that regiment in front of Petersburg as Second 
Lieutenant of Company B. He was subse- 
quently promoted to the rank of First Lieu- 
tenant, and placed in command of Company 
A, served as Adjutant of the regiment, was an 
Aide on the staff of General Robert McAllis- 
ter, and A. A. A. G. of the Third Brigade, 
Third Division, Second Corps. He was in all 
engagements of the brigade during the last 
seven months of the war, and was at Appomat- 
to.x, April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered. 
After the war he served for three years in 
Company G, Fifth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia. He joined the Grand 
Army of the Repuljlic, November 10, 1S67, 
as a charter member of Post No. 33, Woburn, 
and was its Commander in 1875. On coming 
to Lynn he transferred to Post No. 5, of which 
he was Adjutant in 1884, 1888, and 1894. 
In 1 89 1 he was on the staff of the Department 
Commander. He joined the Massachusetts 
Commandery of the military order of the Loyal 
Legion on January 2, 1895. In politics he 
is a Republican, serving on the local, county, 
and Congressional committees. He repre- 
sented the Ninth Essex District in the legis- 
lature in 1883. He was in the convention 
that nominated Bowman in 1878, and in the 
noted Davis-Converse-Lodge convention of 
1882, when as secretary he called the roll one 
hundred and three times. He served on the 
Congressional committee from 1878 to 1892, 
with the exception of two years. While a 



resident of Woburn he served for six years on 
the School Committee. 

In addition to his regular newspaper work, 
Mr. Parker wrote the history of Henry Wil- 
son's regiment, a book of five hundred and 
ninety-one pages, which was published in 
1887. He also published three volumes of 
the Woburn Directory, and directories for 
Reading, Stoneham, Wakefield, and Winches- 
ter. A biography of Abraham Parker, written 
by him, was published in 1891. He is the 
author of several songs, including "We Old 
Boys," published in 1884, which is quite pop- 
ular with the veterans of the war, and "Mus- 
tered Out," published in 1885. 

Mr. Parker has acquired a reputation as a 
public speaker, especially at Memorial Day 
celebrations and other patriotic occasions. 
He has delivered memorial addresses in Wake- 
field, Reading, Arlington, Foxboro, West 
Brookfield, and Nahant, Mass. ; in Rockland, 
Bangor, and Carmel, Me. ; and in Hampton, 
N.H., Canton, Middleton, Milton, Needham, 
Centreville, Southboro, Peabody, and Woburn. 
On June 21, 1S60, Mr. Parker married 
Amelia Jane Andrews, a teacher in the Wo- 
burn public schools. They have had five 
children, three of whom are living. The 
latter are: Horace Rowell Parker, a reporter 
on the Item; Selwyn Bowman Parker and 
P"lorence Dustin Parker, both pupils of the 
Lynn Classical High School. Mr. Parker 
joined William Parkman Lodge of Masons 
at Winchester, July 13, 1869; Menotomy 
R. A. C. at Arlington, May 14, 1874; and, 
on coming to Lynn, Golden Fleece Lodge and 
Sutton Royal Arch Chapter. He is a member 
of the Oxford Club, the Ward Three Repub- 
lican Club, Lynn Hospital Association, and 
Associated Charities; and he is the historian 
of Old Essex Chapter, Sons of the American 
Revolution. A communicant of the Central 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



367 



Congregational Church, he serves on the Cen- 
tral Parish Committee. On April i, 1892, 
he was appointed Deputy Collector of Cus- 
toms, District of Marblehead, Port of Lynn, 
and he served in that office until October 22, 
1895; was reinstated April i, 1897, and ap- 
pointed custodian of the government building, 
December 14, 1897, both of which offices he 
still holds. 



ISAAC P. FEARS, an ex-member of the 
Massachusetts legislature and the senior 
member of the firm of I. P. Fears & 
Sons, building contractors of Rockport, was 
born in this town November 12, 1838, son of 
Isaac and Sarah (Bickford) Fears. His pater- 
nal ancestry were probably English, and the 
Bickfords were early settlers in New Hamp- 
shire. Isaac Fears, a native of Gloucester and 
a fisherman by occupation, was lost at sea in 
1843 while on a trip to Georges Banks, in the 
schooner "Byron. " Sarah, his wife, was born 
in Rockport, daughter of Andrew Bickford, 
who was a native of New Hampshire and 
served in the War of 1812. She became the 
mother of two children : Isaac P., the subject 
of this sketch; and Sarah E., who died at the 
age of si.xteen years. After her husband's 
death she and her son went to reside with her 
father; while the daughter was taken by her 
paternal grandfather, Isaac Fears, of Glouces- 
ter. 

Isaac P. Fears was educated in the schools 
of Rockport, and learned the carpenter's trade 
with his uncle, William Bickford in Glouces- 
ter. Having worked as a journeyman for sev- 
eral years, he established himself in business 
at Rockport as a contractor and builder in 
1869. He continued in business alone until 
his sons were admitted to partnership, since 
which time the firm has been known as I. P. 



Fears & Sons. It is still doing a large busi- 
ness in this section. In politics Mr. Fears 
acts with the Republican party; and he has 
rendered excellent service to the town as a 
Selectman, Assessor, Overseer of the Poor, 
Chief Engineer of the Fire Department, Con- 
stable, and police officer. In 1891 he ably 
served as Representative to the legislature, 
and was on the Committee on County Es- 
timates. 

In 1 861 Mr. Fears married Eliza J. Griffin, 
daughter of James Griffin, late of Rockport. 
He has four sons, namely: Frank A. and Fred 
L., members of the firm of I. P. Fears & Sons; 
I. Percy; and Chester S. Fears. Mr. Fears is 
a Past Grand of Granite Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; 
and he and Mrs. Fears are connected with the 
Daughters of Rebecca. 



AMES F. SEAVEY, a prominent con- 
tractor and builder of Lynn, was born 
December 6, 1842, in Greenland, 
N. H., son of Shadrach and Lucinda (Edgerly) 
Seavey. 

Shadrach Seavey, the father, was born in 
Durham, N. H. When a young man, he set- 
tled in Greenland, Rockingham County, N. H., 
where he married Lucinda Edgerly, who was a 
lifelong resident of that town. He was reared 
to agricultural pursuits, and continued a tiller 
of the soil until his death in 1S94, at the age 
of seventy-eight years. His wife died in 
April, 1898, at the age of eighty-two years. 

James F. Seavey attended the district 
schools of his native town, and afterward com- 
pleted his school education at the Northamp- 
ton Academy in the old Granite State. When 
eighteen years old, he left home, hoping to 
find in the city some more congenial occupa- 
tion than farming, which was not to his taste. 
Going to Boston, he worked for about three 



368 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



years at the carpenter's trade iinder the in- 
struction of E. B. Stackpole. Subsequently 
he was employed for some years as a carpenter 
in Stoneham and Lynn. In 1870, having per- 
manently located in the latter city, he estab- 
lished himself in business as a contractor and 
builder, and from that time until the present 
has been kept busily employed. He is a man 
of untiring activity, a skilful and thorough 
workman, noted for his honorable and upright 
business dealings, and is much esteemed by 
the community in which he resides. 

His energy, sound judgment, and intelligent 
interest in all that pertains to the welfare of 
his adopted city made him useful in various 
official capacities. He was a member of the 
Common Council in 1893, 1894, and 1895, and 
of the Board of Aldermen in i8g6 and 1897. 
While serving as a Councilman, he was on 
the Public Property and Drainage Committees, 
being chairman of the latter body. In 1896 
he was a member of the following committees: 
the Drainage, Street Sprinkling, Drainage 
Assessments, Bills in Second Reading, the 
Almshouse and Poor, and was chairman of the 
Committee on Ordinances and of the Alms- 
house and Poor. In December, 1S97, he was 
elected as Representative to the General Court. 
He is also one of the commissioners of Pine 
Grove Cemetery. He is an unswerving sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican 
party, and an active member of the Third 
Ward Republican Club. He is one of the 
trustees of St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

Mr. Seavey's first wife, in maidenhood 
Lizzie R. Perry, died in 1S70, leaving no 
children. By his second wife, Susan E. Law 
Seavey, who died in 1885, he had one child, 
Lizzie E. , now eighteen years old, who gradu- 
ated from the high school in June of the pres- 
ent year (1898), and resides at home with her 



father. On March 24, 1SS6, Mr. Seavey 
married Miss Henrietta E. Rogers, of Lynn, 
by whom he has no children. 



M 



AVID E. CURRIER, of the well- 
known firm of Ma.xfield & Currier, 
lumber dealers of Amesbury, is a 
descendant of Richard Currier, one of the pio- 
neer settlers of Salisbury, Mass., who came 
from England in 163S. The family is one of 
the oldest in America, and has produced men 
who have rallied to the support and defence of 
the nation in the days of sorest need. It has 
given to the country military heroes and men 
and women of useful lives and high ideals in 
times of peace. 

Richard Currier, above alluded to, was one 
of the most influential men in Salisbury, and 
probably filled more positions of public trust 
in the town than any other man of his time. 
He filled them, too, with signal ability; and 
his sterling qualities of mind and heart seem 
to have been handed down in his family 
through the generations that have come after 
him. His son Thomas was the father of 
Richard, born in 1673, who married Dorothy 
Barnard. 

David, in the fourth generation back from 
the present, eldest son of Richard and Dorothy 
(Barnard) Currier, married Keziah Colby, 
daughter of Samuel Colby, and lived on the 
site of the house at present occupied by John 
H. Clarke. He was a farmer and a man of 
large property, owning land at the ferry and 
in other parts of the town. 

Captain John Currier, son of David and Ke- 
ziah, raised two companies for the defence of 
the colonies in the Revolutionary War. He 
fought at the head of one of the companies in 
the battle of Bunker Hill, and his name 
became synonymous with courage and loyalty. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



369 



He was a man of sound judgment; and that 
this was recognized not only by his fellow- 
townsmen, but by his commanding officers as 
well, is shown by the following warrant issued 
to him by Major Merrill : — 

Essex, ss. 
To John Curriek, Captain of Military Foot 
Company in Amesuury. 

This day I have received intelligence that the minis- 
terial troops under the command of General Gage did 
last evening march out of Boston and march to Lexing- 
ton, and there kill a number of our American soldiers, 
and thence proceeded to Concord, killing and destroying 
our men and interests. These are therefore to order 
you to muster so many of your under-officers and sol- 
diers as you can possibly to meet immediately at some 
suitable place, and then march. To march off forthwith 
to Concord or elsewhere, as in your discretion you shall 
think best, to the relief of our friends and country. 

Given under my hand this nineteenth day of April, 
1775- 

Captain John Currier was also during this 
period Selectman and Paymaster of the troops, 
and was at any minute ready, should duty call 
him, to lay down his life in this world in order 
to find it in a better. He believed in an over- 
ruling Providence that guides the destinies of 
men, was a devoted member of the Ortho- 
do.\ church, and for many years a Deacon. In 
the company of minute-men that he commanded 
was his youthful son John, who afterward died 
in the service. Captain Currier married Mary 
Wells, grand-daughter of the Rev. Thomas 
Wells, who preached in this town for more 
than sixty consecutive years. They had a 
large family of children. 

David, one of their sons, the next in this 
line, married Abigail Huntington, and had 
three children. David, Jr., the youngest of 
these, was born May 4, 181 1. He married 
Sarah J. Page, and was the father of three 
children; namely, Angelina, David E., and 
one who died before reaching maturity. An- 



gelina married Isaiah Maxfield, of Casco, Me. 
She is now deceased. 

David E. Currier, the special subject of this 
biography, was educated in the common schools 
of Amesbury and in a private academy, whose 
principal was the famous one-armed teacher, 
Mr. James H. Davis. After finishing his 
course of study, he worked in Exeter, N. H., 
for a short time at carriage-painting. For 
three subsequent years he was on a farm in 
Amesbury. At the end of that jDeriod, in 
iSSo, he formed a partnership with D. C. 
Maxfield, and engaged in the lumber business, 
opening a small yard in Amesbury on Friend 
Street. There was then another yard here and 
one in Hampton Falls. Maxfield & Currier's 
business now takes the place of the three. In 
1887 the increase of business made it neces- 
sary for the firm to secure a different location; 
and they opened a yard and office at their 
present place, on the line of the Boston & 
Maine Railroad. The business has been very 
prosperous, the sales some years aggregating 
eighty thousand dollars. During a number of 
years they shipped three hundred carloads of 
lumber annually, besides furnishing most of 
the material for scores of private residences. 
They have supplied the lumber for the Young 
Men's Christian Association building, the 
armory, the opera house, and for the Babcock 
Carriage Company's Block, which is the larg- 
est building ever erected in town. The firm 
carry a stock valued at about twelve thousand 
dollars. They own several teams, and keep 
a large force of men at work. 

Mr. Currier married Miss Aurelia Frances, 
daughter of Samuel Woodman, of South Hamp- 
ton. The following-named children have been 
born to them: Edwin Wallace; Earl Webster; 
Grace A., now a student in a private academy 
at Merrimac, and a musician of more than 
ordinary talent; David Leslie, in school at 



37° 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Aniesbiiry; and Paul ]?laiscle!l, the baby of 
the family. 

Mr. Currier has served four years on the 
Board of Selectmen, having received the larg- 
est vote of any candidate that was ever elected 
in the town. He has recently been re-elected, 
and is now (1S98) chairman of the board. He 
takes an active part in politics, is a loyal Re- 
publican, and has been sent as delegate to 
various State, county, and senatorial conven- 
tions. Mrs. Currier is a prominent figure in 
the social, religious, and literary circles of 
Amesbury. She is a member of the Market 
Street Baptist Church and of the Elizabeth 
Whittier Club. 



Tt^OBERT ROYAL HERNE, the super- 
I Sr^ intendent in Rockport of the Mackay- 
-Lfi v,_ ^ -Bennett Cable Company, was born 
September 30, 1852, in Limerick, Ireland, 
son of Andrew and Susan (Royal) Heme. 
Both the Hemes and the Royals are natives of 
Norfolk County, England, the Heme family 
being descended from Danish ancestry who 
inhabited Great Britain prior to the Norman 
Conquest. Andrew Pferne, who was a native 
of King's Lynn, Norfolk County, died in 
Greece- in 1854. His widow, who was born 
in Gibraltar, Spain, a British possession, with 
her only son moved to Limerick, Ireland, 
when lace-making was an important industry 
there. She is now residing in Rockport. 
Deprived in his infancy of a father's care, 
Robert Heme was wholly dependent upon his 
mother until he became old enough to contrib- 
ute toward his own support. Through his 
mother's efforts he acquired a good, practical 
education under private tutorship. When fif- 
teen years old he entered the service of the 
Electric and International Telegraph Com- 
pany in Limerick, with which he remained 



until the line was purchased by the British 
government. In 1874 he entered the employ 
of the United States Cable Company on the 
west coast of Ireland. He came to the United 
States in 1877, and was in the service of the 
same company at Rye Beach, N.H., until 1884, 
when he came to Rockport as superintendent 
of the Mackay-Bennett Commercial Cable 
Coinpany. 

Mr. Heme married Ina Marston, a daughter 
of Thomas Marston, of Portsmouth, N. H., 
and a descendant of Robert Marston, who set- 
tled in Salem, Mass., in 1634. Mrs. Heme 
is the mother of one son, Leonard G. Heme. 
Mr. Heme is a naturalized American citizen; 
and in politics he is a Democrat, with inde- 
pendent proclivities. He takes a lively inter- 
est in local affairs, and has served upon the 
Democratic Town Committee. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Blue Lodge in Ports- 
mouth, a Royal Arch Mason, and a Knight 
Templar. 




;AMUEL VEAZY COLBY, propri- 
etor of the largest sail-making es- 
tablishment in Gloucester and a 
naval veteran of the Civil War, was born in 
Orrington, Me., July 19, 1838, son of Charles 
P. and Hannah (Wentworth) Colby. He 
comes of Essex County Colonial stock, being 
a descendant of Anthony Colby, "planter," 
who had a grant of land at Salisbury, Mass., 
in 1640, and acquired land at Amesbury in 
1654. 

Charles P. Colby, father of Samuel V., was 
a seafaring man, and in the course of his ac- 
tive life was the master of different coasting- 
vessels. About the year 1844 'ic took up his 
residence in Newburyport ; and two years 
later he removed from that city to East 
Boston, where he died in 1847. 



^^^^^Hk 




ROBERT R. HERNE. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



37i 



Samuel Veazy Colby, after the removal of 
his parents to East Boston, attended the 
Lyman and Chapman Schools in that part of 
the city. In 1850 he was employed as clerk 
in a clothing store on Union Street, Boston; 
and, when fourteen years old, he spent a sum- 
mer as cook on a coasting-vessel. After serv- 
ing an apprenticeship at the sail-maker's 
trade with Eli Southard, he came to Glouces- 
ter, where he worked as a journeyman for 
Christen Nelson during the time he engaged 
in fishing. Previous to attaining his major- 
ity, he was master of a fishing-vessel, and at 
the age of twenty-one he became a partner of 
Mr. Nelson. In May, 1861, he enlisted in 
the United States navy, and served as sail- 
maker's mate on the ship "Colorado." He 
was with Admiral Farragut's fleet at the re- 
duction of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, but 
did not go up the river to New Orleans, as 
the "Colorado" drew too much water to go 
over the bar. He was honorably discharged 
July 31, 1862. Upon his return to Glouces- 
ter he resumed his trade, which he has since 
followed with success. He now owns one of 
the largest sail-lofts in the United States. 
During the administration of Mayor Garland 
he served in the City Council. F"or twenty 
years he was a member of the fire depart- 
ment; and, while attending to his duties dur- 
ing the great fire which took place in Glouces- 
ter some years ago, he was severely injured. 

Mr. Colby contracted the first of his two 
marriages with Miss Hannah Marston, daugh- 
ter of Charles Marston and Annie Herrick 
Marston, of Gloucester. She died in August, 
1880. For his second wife he married Har- 
riet Cook, daughter of Edward L. and Mary 
Ann (Sayward) Cook, of this city. The Say- 
ward family is one of the oldest in this sec- 
tion. Mr. Colby's first wife left four chil- 
dren, namely: William, born in 1863, who 



married Mary Proctor, daughter of Joseph 
Proctor, and has one son, Allen P., born in 
1894; Benjamin H., born in 1S65, who mar- 
ried Lucy Lufkin ; Amy, born September 8, 
1 87 1, who married Edward Hotchkiss, a book- 
keeper, and has one son, Edward, born in 
1S97; and Annie Colby, born in 1875, who 
resides at home with her parents. 

Mr. Colby belongs to Tyrian Lodge, F. & 
A. M. ; is a charter member of Wingaersheek 
Tribe, Improved Order of Red Men; a mem- 
ber of Constantine Lodge, Knights of Pythias, 
with which he has been ofificially connected ; 
a member of Neptune Lodge, Temple of 
Honor; and of Cal Allen Post, No. 45, 
G. A. R. He is a regular attendant of the 
Independent Christian Church, and for several 
years was a teacher in the Sunday-school. 



OHN P. RUNDLP:TT, a veteran of the 
Civil War, now serving as Postmaster 
at Groveland, Mass., was born in this 
town, March 6, 1839, son of Edmund P. and 
Catharine H. (Stickney) Rundlett. His 
father, who was a native of Exeter, N. H., 
born in 181 3, and was by trade a tanner and 
currier, died in 1S87. His mother was a 
daughter of Joseph M. Stickney, of Grove- 
land, and a niece of Captain Thomas Stick- 
ney, who served in the Continental army dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War. 

John P. Rundlett was educated in the com- 
mon schools and at the Merrimac Academy. 
He then learned the shoemaker's trade, which 
he followed for a livelihood until 1862. On 
July 29 of that year he enlisted as a private in 
Company A, Thirty-third Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, under Captain 
James Farson and Colonel Maggi. 

He was prevented by an attack of fever from 
beinjr with his regiment at the battles of 



374 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Chancellorsville, Beverly Ford, and Gettys- 
burg in 1S63. He was with the army sent to 
re-enforce Rosecrans at Chattanooga in Octo- 
ber, 1863. He participated in engagements 
in Lookout Valley and on Mission Ridge, No- 
vember 24 and 25, 1S63, and was with his 
company in the Atlanta campaign from May 
2 to September 2, 1864. On July 2, 1864, 
the Thirty-third Regiment, which originally 
had a roster of twelve hundred men, was 
dwindled down to ninety muskets present for 
duty, and his company to six muskets present 
for duty. He was with Sherman on his 
March to the Sea; also through South and 
North Carolina to Goldsboro, and was at 
Raleigh, N.C., when General Johnston sur- 
rendered; then through Richmond, Va., to 
Washington, D.C., participating in the grand 
review of Sherman's army in May, 1865. He 
arrived home in Boston June 14, 1865, and 
was paid off and discharged as a Cori^oral at 
Readville, Mass., July 2, 1865. 

After the close of the war he resumed his 
trade in Groveland, and followed it until 
1889, when he was appointed Postmaster. 
This office he has since held. 

Three months previous to his enlistment 
Mr. Rundlett was joined in marriage with 
Sarah L. Hale, daughter of William W. Hale, 
of Bo.xford, Mass. Mrs. Rundlett is the 
mother of two children: Edith E., born Janu- 
ary 29, 1867; and David L., born March 25, 
1873. Edith E. is now the wife of E. S. 
Higgins, and resides in Wollaston, Mass. 
David L. is head clerk of a drug store in 
Roxbury, Mass. 

Politically, Mr. Rundlett is a Republican. 
He is a member of Pentuckett Lodge, No. 
171, Knights of Honor; and he was one of 
the organizers of Charles Sumner Post, No. 
loi, G. A. R., which was chartered in 1S69. 
He has served as Senior and Junior Vice- 



Commander, and has been Adjutant of the 
post for sixteen years. He has never fully 
recovered from the effects of the fever con- 
tracted while in the army, and his name is 
upon the pension roll of the government. 




RKDERICK TODD was one of the 
most progressive men in Rowley in his 
time. Born there in 18 14, he was a 
son of Captain Moses and Elizabeth (Todd) 
Todd. On the paternal side he is of Englisli 
descent. At the age of eighteen he went to 
Salem to learn the carpenter's trade. Four 
years later he removed to Lynn, where he and 
his elder brother, Charles, carried on a pros- 
perous business for a time. During one year 
of that period he was in South Carolina, 
superintending twenty men in the erection of 
a large hospital for surgical purposes. From 
Lynn he went to Lynnfield about the year 
1869, and there settled upon a farm. After- 
ward he bought the farm in Rowley where his 
widow now resides. There he lived until his 
death, which occurred January 17, 1894. Ac- 
tive and energetic, he was always interested 
in making improvements and in bettering his 
condition. More or less in politics, he was a 
strong Republican. He was so fond of read- 
ing that it is said he neglected his business to 
gratify his tastes in this direction. Public 
life was somewhat distasteful to him. 

Mr. Todd's wife, Fannie (Dow) Todd, born 
in 1 8 19, whom he married June 5, 1844, was 
a daughter of Abner Dow. Her father, a 
farmer of Baldwin, Me., came to Lynn at the 
age of twenty-three, and there made his home. 
Her mother's great-grandfather was Lord John 
Hays, whose coat-of-arms is now in the pos- 
session of Mrs. Todd. A ])ortrait, chair, and 
other heirlooms inherited from this branch of 
the family were burned in the great Port- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



375 



land fire. Mrs. Todd's grandfather, Dr. Isaac 
Snow Thompson, was a cousin of Lord Rum- 
ford. The family has always mingled with 
the best society in town. Mrs. Todd has 
been active in literary circles, and she as- 
sisted her husband in establishing a book club 
at Lynnfield. They gave entertainments for 
the latter purpose; and Mrs. Todd bought 
books for the club until they had collected 
quite a library, which was kept in their house 
for fourteen years. When the library was 
presented to the town, they both felt as if 
they had buried a friend. Mrs. Todd was in- 
terested at all times in lists of new publica- 
tions, and it was a pleasure to her to do the 
buying for their club. In religion Mr. Todd 
leaned to the Unitarians. 



(^"5 



HARLES HITCHCOCK MAR- 



m 11 LAND, the Postmaster at Ballard- 
Vfcl£__^^ vale, was born in Andover, Mass., 
April 5, 1843, son of William S. and Sarah 
(Northey) Marland. His grandfather, Abra- 
ham Marland, an Englishman by birth, came 
to this country in the early part of the last 
century, and, settling in Andover, established 
there one of the first woollen-mills in this 
country. Travelling on horseback, AbTaham 
carried the finished product to Boston, and 
brought the raw material with him on his 
return. 

William S. Marland, also a native of An- 
dover, was engaged for years in the manufact- 
ure of woollen goods in that town. His wife, 
Sarah Marland, was a member of the Northey 
family of Scituate, Mass., on whose farm was 

" The wide-spreading pond, and the mill that stood 
by it," 

described by Samuel Woodworth in "The Old 
Oaken Bucket." Her immigrant ancestor. 



John Northey, who was born in England 
about the year 1607, was in Marblehead, 
Mass., in 164S. His marriage is not on rec- 
ord; but he was probably the father of John 
Northey, of Scituate, who became a member 
of the Society of Friends. The latter, John, 
was married in 1675 to Sarah, daughter of 
Henry Ewell, who bore him four sons and 
two daughters. These children were born as 
follows: John, on March 6, 1675; Daniel, 
April 6, 1678; Samuel, July 19, 1680; 
Brutiah, December 18, 1682; Sarah, July 16, 
1685; and James, October 2, 1687. Descend- 
ants of James, who was married July 9, 171 7, 
to Mary Stockbridge, are now living in Scit- 
uate. The third John Northey, who was a 
glazier, went to Boston. His wife, Sarah, 
bore him four sons: John, on June 25, 1703; 
Joseph, March 15, 1704; John, April 4, 
1707; and David, March 30, 1709. David, 
the youngest, who was a pewterer and gold- 
smith, and manufactured clocks and watches 
in 1732, purchased the Essex Street half of 
the house in Salem, on the corner of Essex 
and Summer Streets. He had a son named 
Abijah, born August 12, 1741. Abijah's 
son, Abijah, who was born in 1774, was 
Charles H. Marland's grandfather, and the 
last male descendant in this branch of the 
Northey family. In 1830 Abijah Northey, 
Jr., bought the Summer Street half of the 
house in Salem. In thisTiuuse died Mr. Mar- 
land's great-great-grandfather, his great- 
grandfather, and his grandfather; and here 
were born his great-grandfather, his grand- 
father, and his mother. Mr. Marland has in 
his possession, besides letters and a journal 
covering many years, left by his grandfather 
Northey, a bill of lading signed in 1705 by 
David Northey, who was a son of the first 
John and a sea-captain. 

Charles Hitchcock Marland attended the 



376 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



public schools in Andover and Phillips Acad- 
emy. He went to work first in the woollen- 
mills controlled by Nathan Frye. In Sep- 
tember, 1862, he enlisted in Company G, 
Forty-fourth Regiment, Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, for nine months' service. From the 
camp at Readville he went to Newbern, S.C.; 
and he was soon in active service. He was 
in the engagements at Kingston, Whitehall, 
Goldsboro, and the siege of Little Washing- 
ton, which lasted seventeen days. When his 
term of service expired, he returned home, and 
was mustered out in May, 1863, in Boylston 
Hall. Subsequently he was overseer in the 
Milton Mills. 

In 1874 Mr. Marland was appointed Post- 
master at Ballardvale, and at the same time he 
was made station master on the l^oston & 
Maine Railroad. He has since efficiently 
performed the duties of both offices, and is 
widely known and very popular. He was 
married in 1867 to Laura E., daughter of Syl- 
vester and Dorcas (Hanson) Lowd, and now 
has two sons — Charles Northey and Harry 
Freeman Marland. Having joined St. 
Matthew Lodge of Andover in 1864, he has 
been a Mason for thirty-three years. 






.ONZO B. FELLOWS, a leading 
farmer and one of the foremost citi- 
zens of Ipswich, Essex County, son 
of the late Joseph Fellows, was born in this 
town, November 25, 1829, on the farm now 
owned and occupied by Daniel W. Appleton. 
He is of English Colonial stock, said, how- 
ever, to have originated in Holland, the 
name in very early times having been spelled 
"Fclles." 

William I""cllows, the founder of this 
branch of the family, came over from Eng- 
land in the "Planter" in 1635. In March, 



1639, '^c bought a house and a house lot of an 
acre; and twenty years later, in February, 
1659, he bought from John Andrews the farm 
now owned and occupied by Alonzo B. Fel- 
lows, his descendant in the seventh genera- 
tion. 

William Fellows was probably marri€d in 
England to the sister of John Ayres, her 
Christian name being unknown. They had 
eight children, the eldest of whom, a son, 
Isaac, it is thought, was born in England. A 
son, liphraim, born in i 39, probably re- 
moved to Western Massachusetts or Connecti- 
cut in 1700. Samuel died unmarried. Jo- 
seph, the youngest son, remained on the 
Ipswich farm until his death in 1693. On 
April 19, 1675, he married Ruth Fraile, who 
died April 14, 1729. They had si.x children, 
Joseph, Jr., the eldest, born in 1678, being 
the next in line of descent. On December 
17, 1 70 1, he married Sarah Kimball, who was 
born May 19, 1680, and died September 2, 
1720, leaving him with five sons. He mar- 
ried for his second wife Widow Mary Story, 
by whom he had one daughter. He died Sep- 
tember 8, 1762. His youngest son, Nathan, 
was baptized October 13, 1717, and was 
drowned in Mile Creek, March 15, 1743, leav- 
ing an infant son named Nathan, who was 
baptized P'ebruary 26, 1743. 

Nathan P'cllows, Jr., who was born in 1743 
and died in 1829, was a sailor, often making 
voyages to the West Indies. He was a sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary army, and at the 
surrender of Burgoyne he was given charge of 
a squad of prisoners. His first wife, Anna 
Start, died after having borne him seven chil- 
dren, none of whom lived to maturity. On 
October 27, 1785, he married Hannah Brown, 
who was born March 11, 1765, and died June 
4, 1835. Of this union were born thirteen 
children, including Joseph, the father of 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



377 



Alonzo B. and Nathan W., a blacksmith by 
trade, who survived the others, dying in 
1887, aged eighty-four. Nathan VV. Fellows 
took care of his parents in their declining 
years. He afterward removed to Gloucester, 
where he carried on an extensive business, 
owning quarries and vessels, and resided there 
until his decease. In 1849 he sold the old 
homestead, which was eight years later repur- 
chased by his nephew Alonzo B., the present 
occupant. 

Joseph Fellows was born January 6, 1796, 
in the house where his son Alonzo B. now 
lives, and died February 13, 1S83, on an ad- 
joining farm, now the home of his daughter, 
the wife of Henry H. Walls. On May 21, 
1 82 1, Joseph Fellows married Elizabeth A. 
Dennison, who was born July 5, 1799, and 
died July 23, 1871. She was a daughter of 
Isaac and Tamascn (Rowe) Dennison, of 
Gloucester. Joseph Fellows and his wife had 
seven children, namely: Elizabeth, who was 
born in 1822, and died in September, 1843; 
Sarah Jane, born in 1824, who lives with her 
brother Alonzo B. ; Frances Dane, born in 
1827, who is the wife of Henry H. Walls, 
and occupies her father's old farm, as noted 
above; Alonzo Brown, born in 1829, the 
special subject of this sketch; Mary Abby, 
wife of Elijah Emerson, of Cambridge; Jo- 
seph Edward, who died at the age of three 
years; and Julia Maria, who died at the age 
of two years. 

Alonzo B. Fellows, when sixteen years old, 
went to Gloucester with his uncle Nathan, 
and remained there for a short time in his 
uncle's employ, returning then to the parental 
home. In 1857 he purchased the old Fellows 
farm, which, with the exception of eight 
years, had been in the family ever since it 
was deeded to his emigrant ancestor, as men- 
tioned above. He carries on general farming. 



making somewhat of a specialty the raising of 
a variety of fruits, in which he has had excel- 
lent success. He is actively interested in the 
Essex County Fair Association, of which he 
has been a trustee several years. 

In politics Mr. Fellows is a stanch Repub- 
lican, and has served as delegate to numerous 
conventions. He has been prominently iden- 
tified with the best and highest interests of 
the town and county, and has rendered valu- 
able service as Selectman, Assessor, and 
Overseer. In 1881 he was a member of the 
State legislature, representing the towns of 
Ipswich, Rowley, and Boxford, and served on 
the Committee on Estimates. At the extra 
session of the legislature held at that time the 
statutes were revised. Mr. Fellows was 
reared a strict orthodox in religious faith, but 
he and his family are now regular attendants 
of the Episcopal church. 

Mr. F'ellows was married November 15, 
1876, to Henrietta Wheeler, of East Boston, 
who was born February 22, 1854, a daughter 
of John and Catherine (Hemenway) Wheeler, 
of Roxbury, Mass. Left an orphan at the age 
of eleven years, she afterward made her home 
with an aunt in Boston. She was educated in 
Framingham and Bridgewater Normal Schools, 
and subsequently taught school for a while in 
Boston. Mr. and Mrs. Fellows have six chil- 
dren, namely: Elva Atkinson, a graduate of 
the Salem Normal School iii 1897, and now a 
teacher at South Hadley; Joseph lidward; 
Irene Franklin; Nathan Warren; Elizabeth 
Bradbury; and Reginald Alonzo. 



RS. KATE FRANCES KIM- 
BALL, of Lawrence, Mass., is 
the widow of the late William 
Addison Kimball, of whom a brief personal 
and ancestral history is given in connecticjn 




378 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



witli the sketch of his son, William T. Kim- 
ball, on another page of this volume. Mrs. 
Kimball was before her marriage Miss Kate 
Frances Chandler. She was born in Bosca- 
wen, N. H., a daughter of Abiel Rolfe and 
Eliza Jane (Morrison) Chandler, and is partly 
of English and partly of Scottish descent, the 
Morrisons having originated in Scotland. 

The immigrant progenitor of her father's 
family was William Chandler, who, with his 
wife Annis and their son Thomas, came to 
Massachusetts from England in 1637. Will- 
iam Chandl'er settled in Ro.xbury. Thomas 
was "one of the proprietors and early pioneers 
in the settlement of Andover, " which was the 
home of his son John and of their descendants 
for several generations. 

Nathan Chandler, the grandfather of Mrs. 
Kimball, was born in Concord, N.H., April 
14, 1782, and died April i, 1835, while in 
the prime of a vigorous manhood. On April 
16, 1804, he married Jane Rolfe, who was 
born in Concord, N.H., January 21, 1783, and 
died June 5, 1863, aged fourscore years. She 
was a daughter of Nathaniel Rolfe, who died 
in Concord, N. H., November 15, 1829, at the 
advanced age of eighty-six years. The wife 
of Nathaniel Rolfe was born December 4, 
1744, and died in 1806. Her maiden name 
was Judith Walker. At the time of her mar- 
riage with Mr. Rolfe she was a widow, her 
first husband having been Captain Abiel 
Chandler, formerly of Andover, Mass., but 
later of Concord, N. II. 

Abiel Rolfe Chandler was born in Con- 
cord, N.II., August 25, 1805. On October 
29, 1829, he married Eliza Jane Morrison, 
who was born in Dcrry, N. H., October i, 
1803. She was a daughter of John Holmes 
and Mary (Paul) Morrison. John Holmes 
Morrison, who was born in Londonderry, 
N.II., June 4, 1779, was a wheelwright by 



trade. In 1S04 he removed to IJoscawen, 
N. H., where he resided till his death, August 
II, 1858. His wife, Mary Paul, was born in 
Londonderry, N. H., December 26, 1779, a 
daughter of David and Jane (Anderson) Paul. 
She died at Boscawen, July 14, 1S63, aged 
eighty-three years and si.x months. Abraham 
Morrison, the father of John Holmes Morri- 
son, was born in 1743, and died in Derry, 
N.II., June 14, 1833. He was a son of 
Joseph, and grandson of John Morrison, the 
immigrant ancestor of many of his name in 
New Hampshire. Abiel Rolfe Chandler and 
his wife resided in Boscawen, N. H., until 
1852, when they removed to Lawrence, Mass., 
where he was employed by the Esse.x Company 
as tender of the locks and canal nineteen years. 
Later he engaged in real estate business. A 
citizen of Lawrence for thirty-five years, he 
was greatly interested in- its growth and pros- 
perity. Of his union with Eliza Jane Morri- 
son there were three children born, namely: 
Henry Walker Chandler, who died of con- 
sumption, August 15, 1850, aged twenty 
years; Kate Frances, now Mrs. Kimball; and 
Annie Rebecca, widow of the late Nathaniel 
Phillips Houghton, who died at his home, 233 
Broadway, Lawrence, August i, 1S97. Mr. 
Houghton was born at South Deerfield, N.H., 
September 20, 1829, and from 1852 until 1867 
was connected with the Bay State Bank of 
Lawrence. The ensuing five years he was 
ticket agent of the Boston & Maine Railroad 
at the north station, and was afterward em- 
ployed in the general ticket office in Boston 
nineteen years, when he retired. Mr. Chand- 
ler died May 28, 1887, aged eighty-one years 
and nine months; and his wife, who survived 
him until August 11, 1895, reached the vener- 
able age of ninety-one years and ten months. 

Miss Kate Frances Chandler was married 
to William Addison Kimball on December 30, 




1'. ALBERT TRUE. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



381 



1874, becoming his second wife. No children 
were born of this union. By his first wife, 
Caroline L. Smith, Mr. Kimball had two chil- 
dren, namely: William T., whose sketch is 
referred to above; and Edward Payson, who 
is cashier of a bank in Maiden, Mass. Mr. 
William A. Kimball died on March 6, 1880. 
In religious belief the family are Congrega- 
tionnlists. 




ALBICRT TRUE, one of Salis- 
bury's best known and most influcn- 
L>-^ • tial citizens, was born in this town, 
June 17, 1S39, son of Jabez and Annie (Fitts) 
True. He comes of a family that has been 
prominent in Salisbury since the settlement of 
the town in 1638, and has produced men of 
unblemished character and firm religious prin- 
ciples, and many brave soldiers who have haz- 
arded their lives in defence of the country. 

The genealogy is traced back through seven 
generations to Henry True, Esq., who was one 
of the prominent citizens in this section in 
military and civil affairs. He was one of the 
first commoners of Salisbury, one of the larg- 
est land-owners, and was a Captain of militia. 
His wife, Israel, was sister of the famous 
Major Robert Pike, of Newbury. Captain 
True's original commission, dated October 
29, 1696, and many other valuable records, 
especially accounts of his active service in the 
militia, are in the possession of Mr. P. Albert 
True. Some of these tell of his scouting e.x- 
peditions "to give warning of the enemy," of 
his "pressing men into service," and of "hold- 
ing his force ready to march at a half-hour's 
notice." He wrote a flowing hand, and did 
much writing of legal documents. 

His son, Henry, Jr., born March 8, 1645, 
nuirried on March 15, i668, Jane Bradbury, 
who was born March 11, 1645, and died June 



24, 1729. She was a daughter of Thomas 
Bradbury, Salisbury's first and famous teacher. 
Thomas Bradbury was a son of William and 
Elizabeth Bradbury. He held many offices of 
importance at that time. He was long identi- 
fied with the early history of the town, and his 
influence was potent in moulding public 
opinion. His wife, Mary Bradbury, was sen- 
tenced to be executed for witchcraft. 

Henry True, Jr., died September S, 1735. 
His son Jabez was the eighth child, and was 
born in October, 1685. His wife, to whom 
he was married January 8, 1707, was Sarah 
Tappan, born 1680. She died P'ebruary 7, 

1767, having married for her second husband 
on December 11, 1756, Joseph French. Jabez 
True died May 22, 1749. Of his ten chil- 
dren, the youngest was Samuel, afterward 
widely known as Deacon Samuel True. He 
was born December 16, 1728, and died No- 
vember 10, 1815. He first married widow 
Hannah Kimball Hazeltine, of Haverhill, who 
was born May 21, 1729, and died July 28, 

1768. I"or his second wife he married in 
1772 Sarah Mials, who died February 17, 
1812. 

Deacon Samuel's fifth child was Jabez, sec- 
ond, born January 23, 1764, died May 2, 1835. 
Like his father, he was of a very religious nat- 
ure. P'eeling himself called to the ministry, 
he began his education for the work by read- 
ing the Bible; and at the age of twenty years 
he had read it through thirteen times in 
course, besides his promiscuous reading, which 
was quite a little. He had a vigorous memory 
and a very loud voice, and was able to an- 
nounce his text, giving chapter and verse, and 
preach an hour without any book or paper 
before him. Also all notices he gave without 
paper. Later in life he had become so used 
to speaking extempore that he could always 
win his case by the use of Scripture, and could 



382 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



always correct any Scripture if misquoted. 
He was appointed Elder in the Baptist church, 
and preached at Hampstead, Amesbury, Exe- 
ter, and occasionally at Salisbury. He began 
at a salary of thirty dollars a year, and in 1812 
was ordained Deacon by request of the Church 
Ecclesiastical Council. 

Many men of the True family were found 
among the soldiers of the Revolution: Aaron 
True, private, enlisted October 14, 1779, for 
one month and twenty days under Captain 
Stephen Jenkins; and Lieutenant Bradbury 
True was with Colonel Edmund Wortley, 
April 24, 1775, probably at North Yarmouth, 
Me., and was later commissioned by General 
Washington. Daniel True, seaman, was in 
the naval service. Dudley True was a private 
on Captain Henry Merrill's list in Colonel 
Caleb Cushing's regiment, which marched 
from Salisbury on the Lexington alarm, April 
19. '775- Ezekiel True also was a private on 
the Lexington alarm roll, in Captain Stephen 
Merrill's company. His name appears on 
various receipts all along from 1775 to 1777; 
and he was evidently in at least two regi- 
ments, his second enlistment being on August 
'7. "^777 > f'om Middlesex County. Jabez 
True, private, was in Captain John Evan's 
company, in camp at Cambridge, May 17, 
1775 ; also in Captain Harris's company of the 
Guard regiment at Winter Hill and in Cap- 
tain Stephen Jenkins's company. He enlisted 
October 14, 1779, and was discharged Novem- 
ber 27, 1779. He was in detached service to 
re-enforce General Washington, October g, 
1779; also in Captain Moses Ncwal's com- 
pany, Colonel Titcomli's regiment, from May 
4, 1777, to July 4 of the same year; and in 
Captain Huse's company from April 12, 177S, 
until his discharge, July 4, 1778. Jacob True 
was on the Lexington alarm roll, and marched 
on April 19, 1775, from Newburyport. He 



also enlisted in Colonel Little's regiment. May 
2, 177s, at the age of twenty-one years, and 
went to Quebec. John True enlisted July 4, 
1780, in Captain Richard Titcomb's company, 
Colonel Nathaniel Wade's regiment, and 
served until October 10 of the same year. 
He was Corporal on warrant to pay men in 
Captain James Pierce's company, March 17, 
1783, and was the same in Captain Samuel 
Huse's company, November 10, 1777, receiv- 
ing his discharge Eebruary 3, 1778. Later 
he was stationed at Winter Hill in the regi- 
ment of the Guards. He was also Corporal in 
Captain Jeremiah Putnam's company in the 
Rhode Island service, where he remained for 
four months and three days. Jonathan True, 
of North Yarmouth, Me., was in Colonel 
Vase's regiment for three years, was in the 
expedition at Penobscot, and performed many 
missions which required a man of courage and 
discretion. Moses True was on the Lexington 
alarm roll and in the famous 19th of April 
march. Nathaniel True was in the seacoast 
service from Cumberland County. Obadiah 
True took part in the capture at West Point. 
Samuel True was at Lexington, and later a 
member of the Winter Hill Guards and also in 
the coast service. Thomas True was also at 
Lexington, and William True was in the list 
of officers of the Massachusetts militia, being 
Second Lieutenant in the Fourth Company of 
the Second Essex County Regiment, and a part 
of the time in the seacoast service. Zebulon 
True was in Colonel Benjamin Tupper's regi- 
ment, and served with credit. 

The father of Mr. I^ Albert True was 
Jabez, born October 19, 1802, son of Elder 
Jabez and Ruth (Brown) True. He was a 
farmer, a highly esteemed and prominent citi- 
zen, and a Deacon of the Baptist Church of 
Seabrook. He owned a fine estate, and kept a 
large amount of stock, was a man of conserv- 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



383 



ative temperament and of very firm principles. 
He died in September, 1875. His wife, 
Annie, to whom he was married in December, 
1826, died August 30, 1S90. Their four 
children were: Caroline E., born April 18, 
1831; Idaletta Louisa Maria, born July 5, 
1845; Oliver A., born December 9, 1834; 
and P. Albert, whose personal history is given 
below. Caroline E. married Azor O. Web- 
ster, and had one son — Alfred C. , born Feb- 
ruary 4, 1852, now treasurer of the Powow 
River Savings Bank, of Amesbury, of which 
his father is president. Mrs. Webster died 
September 20, i860; and Mr. Webster mar- 
ried for his second wife her sister, Idaletta. 
Oliver A. True, who was a farmer, died Jan- 
uary 25, 1863, at the age of twenty-nine 
years. He was interested in the family his- 
tory and genealogy, and had planned to look 
it up. 

P. Albert True was graduated at the Putnam 
Free School in i860, and has since made his 
home on the True homestead. June 17, 1872, 
he married Sarah Emily Morrill, who was 
born November 19, 1841, daughter of John 
and Sally (Marston) Morrill, of Salisbury 
Plains. She is of the seventh generation of 
Merrills in Salisbury. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
True were baptized March 3, 1895, by the 
Rev. William R. Webster, of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Salisbury, and were re- 
ceived into full communion with the church 
the following September. Mr. True is now 
one of the stewards of the society and a mem- 
ber of the committee on music and on the pas- 
tor's salary. He is active in every movement 
pertaining to the welfare of the town, and 
worthily represents the family. He was 
elected president of the Town Improvement 
Society at the time of its organization, and has 
held the office since. He is a stockholder of 
Commoners of Salisbury and clerk of the or- 



ganization; has been Justice of the Peace for 
thirty-seven years, having been appointed by 
Governor Andrew in 1862, and successively 
reappointed by governors Claflin, Rice, Butler, 
and Brackett ; has been trustee of Anna 
Jaques Hospital in Newburyport for several 
years; is a member and director of the Salis- 
bury Home for Aged Women ; has been on the 
School Board for many years, and is Highway 
Surveyor, Auditor of Accounts, and member 
of the Esse.x Agricultural Society as well as 
trustee of several companies. For thirty-five 
years he has been engaged in writing legal 
documents and in settling estates. He is a 
warm Republican, and has written for the 
press. In 1893 he was appointed delegate to 
Chicago. 

Mr. True's children are: Ralph Preston, 
clerk in the Powow National Bank; Florence 
Marston, formerly a student at Abbot Acad- 
emy, Andover, a fine musician and critic, 
teaching piano and violin and harmony; Helen 
Webster, who graduated at the Putnam School 
in 1896; and Edward Parker True, a student 
in the Putnam School. 



fllOMAS FREEMAN PORTER, a 
real estate dealer, insurance agent, and 
Notary Public of Lynn, was born Oc- 
tober 30, 1847, in Paradise, N.S. , not far 
from the scene of Longfellow's immortal 
poem "Evangeline." His parents, Theron 
and Elizabeth Freeman Porter, were both 
born in the Province of Nova Scotia, where 
the father was for several years engaged in 
farming and carpentering. In 1852 they 
removed to Boston, and nine years later 
settled in Swampscott, Mass. For thirty 
years the father worked at his trade in that 
place, and then, with his wife, took up his 
residence with his son, Thomas Freeman, in 



384 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



Lynn, where they are enjoying the comforts 
of life. 

Thomas F. Porter completed his education 
in the Swampscott schools, which he attended 
until about thirteen years old. When quite 
young he began his mercantile career as a 
clerk in a dry-goods store of Swampscott, and 
was afterward employed by various shoe firms 
in Lynn for a few years. Going then to Bos- 
ton, he was engaged as a clerk in the stores of 
C. F. Hovey & Co. and Charles C. Holbrook, 
remaining with the latter firm until the big 
fire of November, 1S72. Returning to Lynn 
after this, he was connected with the firm of 
Porter & Taylor, grocers, and continued work- 
ing for them until 1874, when he was ad- 
mitted into partnership, the name being 
changed to Porter, Taylor & Co. Thirteen 
years later he purchased his brother's interest 
in the firm of Porter, Hanson & Co., grocers 
in City Hall Square, where he was in business 
for about a year. In 1888 he embarked in his 
present real estate and insurance business, 
which he has since conducted with success. 
He is vice-president of the Lynn Board of 
Fire Underwriters. 

Taking a genuine interest in local affairs, 
Mr. Porter has served with prudence and fidel- 
ity in both branches of the city government. 
In 1885, 18S6, 1887, and 1888 he was a 
member of the Common Council, and served 
on the Printing, Public Property, Election, 
Public Grounds, and Finance Committees. 
In 1896 and 1897 he was a member of the 
Board of Aldermen, serving on the Commit- 
tees on Streets, Street Assessments, Educa- 
tion, Public Grounds, Claims, and Bills in 
Second Reading. He is a stanch Republican 
in politics, and in 1882 and 1883 was a mem- 
ber of the Lynn City Republican Club. He 
was made an Odd Fellow in the Bay State 
Lodge, No. 40, of which he is Past Grand; 



and he is a Past Chief Patriarch of Palestine 
Encampment, No. 37, I. O. O. F= ; a member 
of the Golden Fleece Lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; 
of the Sagamore Tribe of Red Men, No 2 ; 
and of the Knights of Pythias. He is like- 
wise a member of the Advisory Board of the 
Houghton Horticultural Society, a member of 
the Lynn Board of Trade, the Lynn Repub- 
lican Club, and the Lynn Historical Society. 
For two years he was speaker of the Lynn 
Assembly, a debating society of some promi- 
nence. Possessing much literary talent, he 
has acquired quite a reputation as a writer of 
both prose and verse, his articles being pub- 
lished in some of the leading newspapers, 
periodicals, and magazines of the country. 

Mr. Porter was married September 14, 
1876, to Miss Emma E. Norris, daughter of 
Moses Norris, a well-known morocco manu- 
facturer of Lynn. Born in Charlestown, 
April 20, 185 1, Mrs. Porter died April 30, 
1891. She left one child, Chester H. Porter, 
who was born in Lynn, April 28, 1880. 




AMUEL BROOKINGS, Jr., the 
Assistant Postmaster of Newbury- 
port was born in Newbury, Mass., 
August 24, 1 84 1, son of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Little) Brookings. He belongs to one of 
the old Massachusetts families. On the 
father's side he is of English descent. His 
great-grandfather, Samuel Brookings, came 
from England, and settled in Newbury. The 
grandfather, also named Samuel, born in 
Newbury and a member of the Old South P^irst 
Presbyterian Church, was a merchant of the 
town for several years, and fitted out fishing- 
vessels. He married Eunice Mclntire, of the 
same place, became the father of seven chil- 
dren, and died at the age of eighty. His 
wife died at seventy. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



38s 



Samuel Brookings, the fifth bearer of the 
name and the father of the subject of this 
biography, was born August 3, 1S03. He 
followed the calling of navigator in the fisher- 
ies of the Bay of Chaleur. In his later years 
he became a shoemaker. He enlisted in the 
Union army in July, 1861, joining the Nine- 
teenth Massachusetts Regiment. At Har- 
per's Ferry he was injured, and he was honor- 
ably discharged in May, 1862. At the time 
of Banks's raid he re-enlisted, and went to 
Boston shortly after his discharge, but was 
sent back. Once more he enlisted, this time 
accompanied by his two sons, and entered 
Company A, Forty-eighth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, under Colonel Stone. After this he was 
at Plain's Store, the siege of Port Hudson, 
and the battle of Donaldsonville. At this 
time he was sixty years old; but he dyed his 
whiskers, and re-enlisted as forty-four years 
old, rather than allow his young sons to go 
to the front without him. At the time of his 
death, October 27, 18S8, he was the oldest 
member of the G. A. R., A. W. Bartlett 
Encampment, Post No. 49. On March 11, 
1823, he married Elizabeth Little, who was 
born April 22, 1805, daughter of Captain 
David Little, and who died December 12, 
1869. Her grandfather. Colonel Moses Lit- 
tle, a Revolutionary soldier, fought at Bunker 
Hill. Her children were born as follows: 
Eunice Mclntire, February 4, 1824; John Bag- 
ley, June 12, 1826; David Little, August 5, 
1828, who died September 28, 1878; Melvin 
Fessenden, December 23, 1830; George Will- 
iam, September 17, 1833; Elizabeth Sarah, 
December 5, 1835; Mary Little, August 15, 
1839, who died March 12, 1844; Samuel, the 
subject of this sketch, August 24, 1841; and 
Philip, September 4, 1843, who died January 
13, 1845. 

Samuel Brookings, Jr., was educated at the 



public schools. Afterward for a few years 
he worked at the shoemaker's trade. While 
the Civil War was waging, he enlisted with 
his father and brother in Company A, Forty- 
eighth Massachusetts Regiment, Nineteenth 
Army Corps, Gulf Department, under General 
Banks, and was subsequently in the battle 
of Plain's Store, May 21, the assault on 
Fort Hudson, May 27, 1S63, the siege of 
Port Hudson, and in the battle at Donaldson- 
ville on July 13, 1863. He then returned with 
the regiment to the old quarters at Baton 
Rouge, whence the latter was ordered home 
in August. On returning to civil life he 
resumed shoemaking. February 5, 1866, he 
was appointed to a position in the Post-office 
Department. In May, 1869, he was promoted 
from the position of carrier to that of clerk; 
and on June 11, 1S77, he was made Assistant 
Postmaster, which position he has since held, 
having served under eight Postmasters. 

Mr. Brookings is a member of the A. W. 
Bartlett Post, No. 49; of the St. John's 
Lodge, F. & A. M., since 1867; and of King 
Cyrus Chapter, R. A. M., since 1878. The 
secretary of the St. John's Lodge since 1872, 
he is the oldest continuous incumbent of that 
office, except one, in the State. He has also 
been secretary of King Cyrus Chapter since 
1878. He has been a member of Ouascacun- 
quen, I. O. O. F., since 1872. On September 
18, 1862, he married Abby W. Merrill, who 
died October 27, 1887. A second marriage 
in January 13, 1891, united him with Sarah N. 
Berney, daughter of Benjamin Dutton, a ship- 
builder. Mr. Brookings is interested in city 
affairs, and was for three years in the early 
seventies a member of the Common Council. 

From 1892 to the year 1894 he held the 
position of auditor in the Co-operative Bank. 
Since then he has been a director of the insti- 
tution. Always faithful to duty, honest, and 



386 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW 



industrious, Mr. Brookings has the sincere 
esteem of his fellow-citizens. 




rrs^l ENRY W. SAWYER was born in 
West N