(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Advanced Microdevices Manuals | Linear Circuits Manuals | Supertex Manuals | Sundry Manuals | Echelon Manuals | RCA Manuals | National Semiconductor Manuals | Hewlett Packard Manuals | Signetics Manuals | Fluke Manuals | Datel Manuals | Intersil Manuals | Zilog Manuals | Maxim Manuals | Dallas Semiconductor Manuals | Temperature Manuals | SGS Manuals | Quantum Electronics Manuals | STDBus Manuals | Texas Instruments Manuals | IBM Microsoft Manuals | Grammar Analysis | Harris Manuals | Arrow Manuals | Monolithic Memories Manuals | Intel Manuals | Fault Tolerance Manuals | Johns Hopkins University Commencement | PHOIBLE Online | International Rectifier Manuals | Rectifiers scrs Triacs Manuals | Standard Microsystems Manuals | Additional Collections | Control PID Fuzzy Logic Manuals | Densitron Manuals | Philips Manuals | The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Debates | Linear Technologies Manuals | Cermetek Manuals | Miscellaneous Manuals | Hitachi Manuals | The Video Box | Communication Manuals | Scenix Manuals | Motorola Manuals | Agilent Manuals
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Biographical sketches of the Moody family : embracing notices of ten ministers and several laymen from 1633 to 1842"

Brigham Young University 
Harold B. Lee Library 




Gift of 

Grant Moody 



^ 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2010 with funding from 
Brigham Young University 



http://www.archive.org/details/biographicalsketOObyumood 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



OF THE 



MOODY FAMILY: 

EMBRACING 

NOTICES OF TEN MINISTERS AND SEVERAL LAYMEN, 

FROM 1633 TO 1842. 



" Just men they were, and all their study bent 
To worship God aright, and know his works 
Not hid ; nor those things last, which might preserve 
Freedom and peace to man." 



BY CHARLES C. P. MOODY. 



BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED BY SAMUEL G. DRAKE. 
NO. 56 CORNHILL. 

1847. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1847, 

Bt CHARLES C. P. MOODY, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts. 



BOITOIt: 

Printed by 8. N. Dickinson & Co. 
52 Washington Street. 



Cot, RARY 



ADVERTISEMENT. 



Though the following Sketches relate almost en- 
tirely to the descendants of a single family, yet it is 
hoped they possess sufficient interest to enlist the 
attention of the general reader. The President of one 
of our New England colleges, in a letter to the author, 
says, " It will give me great pleasure to see historical 
sketches such as you propose, including the Moody 
Ministers in general. Those venerable names ought 
to be brought more to the knowledge of this genera- 
tion. Their goodly savor remains, and will remain. 
But we want facts and events, and truths and good 
deeds, brought to light, in which they were so conspic- 
uous and remarkable in their times." The author in- 
tends, at some future day, to pursue these researches 
still further, and perhaps may add other sketches to 
those now offered ; and should sufficient encouragement 
be given to this humble effort, it is not unlikely that a 
volume of Sermons, selected from the writings of the 
several ministers here mentioned, may be given to the 
public. It is hardly to be expected that a work of 
this kind will be entirely free from inaccuracies in 
dates. The only error of this kind, however, that we 
have observed, occurs in the notice of the Rev. Joshua 
Moody, of Star Island, page 94 : for 1706 read 1707 5 
and for 1782, as the time of his death, read 1768. 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Introduction, 5 

Rev. Joshua Moodey, of Portsmouth and Boston, • • • • 13 
Rev. Samuel Moody, of New Castle, N. H., and Fal- 
mouth, Me. 50 

Rev. Samuel Moody, of First Church in York, Me. • • 54 

Rev. Joshua Moody, of Star Island, N. H. 94 

Rev. Joseph Moody, of Second Church in York, 95 

Joshua Moody, Esq., of Portland, Me. 107 

Dr. Samuel Moody, of Portland, 10S 

Rev. John Moody, of Newmarket, N H. 109 

Rev. Amos Moody, of Pelham, N. H.> 110 

Mr. Enoch Moody, of Portland, Ill 

Dea. Benjamin Moody, of Newhuryport, 112 

Rev. Samuel Moody, Principal of Dummer Academy, US 

Rev. Silas Moody, of Arundel, Me. 129 

Mr. Paul Moody, of Waltham and Lowell, 145 

Stephen Moody, Esq., of Gilmanton, N. H. 157 

Joseph Moody, Esq., of Kennebunk, Me. 164 

Rev- Eli Moody, of Granby, Mass. 166 

List of Graduates, 168 



INTRODUCTION. 



The wise man forcibly says, that " the memory 
of the just is blessed," and that they "shall be 
had in everlasting remembrance." This senti- 
ment is justly applicable to the men whose lives 
are imperfectly portrayed in the following pages, 
— men " whom an eminency in grace and sense 
hath made considerable in the world," and the 
savor of whose influence is, to this day, like " the 
smell of a field which the Lord has blessed." 
They were, indeed, men of renown ; remarkable 
in their day and generation for many " worthy 
deeds," which it were well to remember and em- 
ulate. They "obtained a good report through 
faith," so that the barrel of meal and cruise of 
oil failed not in the most trying times. They 
cheerfully endured " bonds and imprisonments " 
for the word of God and the purity of his wor- 
ship, as well as for the inalienable right of giving 
expression to the dictates of their untrammelled 
and independent minds. Nor is it too much to 
say that they " wrought righteousness, escaped 
the edge of the sword, out of weakness were 
made strong, and turned to flight the armies of 
the aliens." It is but proper, therefore, that we 
cherish a respectful and affectionate remembrance 
of their numerous excellencies ; that, by the force 
of their holy example, we, and those who come 
1 



b INTRODUCTION. 

after us, may be induced to walk in the path of 
life; — for, to use the language of another, "in 
every stage of their career, they "were prompted 
by an enlightened humanity, and a prospective 
reference to the happiness of their descendants." 
As a source of improvement, therefore, it is not 
less our interest than our duty to contemplate 
this long line of worthy ancestors. " When once 
convinced of their purity, sincerity, and wisdom, 
may not the near relation which we bear to them 
give a salutary influence to their example ; and 
their language and sentiments — different, as a 
portion of them were, from what are current now 
in society — afford some facilities to the recep- 
tion of that sacred volume with which they were 
so familiar ? w * To drink deeply of the spirit of 
the Bible, is the surest pledge that we shall walk 
worthy of those who have preceded us in the 
ways of virtue and righteousness. 

Our fathers were remarkable for their longevity, 
and the extent of their literary attainments ; but, 
above all, for their spirit of enterprise ; their bold, 
persevering habits ; their independence of mind 
and character, irrespective of the popular will ; and 
for the similarity and purity of their religious 
faith. The united ages of the seventeen persons 
noticed in these sketches amount to 1,142 years, 
averaging 67 years to each ; the oldest being 82, 
and the youngest 50 years. They were not all, 
indeed, liberally educated men, nor did they all 
think precisely alike on religious and theological 
subjects ; but they evidently had a paramount re- 
gard to the claims of education. They manifested 

* Address of Hon. John Davis before the Mass. Hist. Soc. 



INTRODUCTION. 7 

and imparted to others a sacred regard to the 
authority of the Bible, and ever cherished a deep 
sense of the necessity of personal holiness. By 
these means, they exerted no inconsiderable in- 
fluence on the minds and hearts of the community 
in which they lived, labored, and died. 

There seems to be a growing desire, on the 
part of many, to know more of their ancestors : 
the places where they lived ; their habits of life ; 
their trials and hardships ; and their modes of 
thinking and acting, not only upon the topics fa- 
miliar to them, but especially upon such subjects 
as have come down to us, and now engross the 
public mind. If we find them differing from us, 
we immediately begin to look at the circumstan- 
ces by which they were surrounded, and the in- 
fluences which were likely to lead them to a given 
course of action. We believe this inclination to 
study the past, and especially to make genealogi- 
cal researches, is productive of the most salutary 
results. A few years since, the author of this 
little work, ignorant of the biography of many of 
his ancestors, turned his attention to this branch 
of study; and, pursuing his inquiries from time 
to time, found his interest deepening at every step 
of his course, and began to wonder that no one 
had offered to the public the many interesting 
particulars opened up to his view. He therefore 
solicited several persons to embody the facts,?and 
to prepare a volume for the press ; but, finding 
none willing to perform the task, he was com- 
pelled, in lieu of a more competent hand, to en- 
gage in it himself. 

The preparation of this volume was a pleasing 
task j but, though the book itself is small in size, 



8 INTRODUCTION. 

the labor of collecting and arranging its materials 
was of considerable magnitude, undergone amid 
the pressure of other duties, and often detracting 
from the necessary hours of repose. The author 
would here gratefully acknowledge his obligations 
to those gentlemen who not only lent him books, 
but gave him transcripts from their own memo- 
randa. Among them, he would particularly men- 
tion the Rev. Jotham Sewall, of Maine, now 
eighty-four years of age, who, being a native of 
York, and a descendant of Rev. Samuel Moody, 
furnished much information respecting Samuel 
and Joseph Moody ; the Rev. Jonathan Green- 
leaf, for many years pastor of a church in Wells, 
who rendered essential service in relation to the 
same individuals ; and the Rev. William Cogs- 
well, D.D., late of Gilmanton Theological Sem- 
inary ; the Rev. President Allen, now of North- 
ampton ; and the Rev. T. H. Miller, of Ports- 
mouth, each of whom afforded more or less assis- 
tance. The memoir of Paul Moody was written 
by the Rev. Dr. Ed son, of Lowell, who was well 
acquainted with Mr. Moody. 

MR. WILLIAM MOODY, the principal 
progenitor of our name in New England, came, 
according to the best records we can obtain, 
from Wales, England, in 1 633 ; wintered in 
Ipswich in 1634; and removed to Newbury, 
with the first settlers of that place, in 1635. 
Tradition asserts that they landed on the north 
bank of the river, about one hundred rods below 
the spot where the bridge now stands.* Here 
Mr. Moody was admitted a freeman, and received 
a grant of ninety-two acres of land. His wife's 

* Coffin's Hist, of Newbury. 



INTRODUCTION. 9 

name was Sarah, by whom, according to uniform 
tradition, he had three children, — Samuel, Joshua 
and Caleb. Joshua was born in 1632, Caleb in 
1637, and the date of Samuel's birth we have not 
obtained, but it is generally supposed that he was 
born previous to his father's emigration to this 
country. The indefatigable historian of " Ould 
Newbury," Joshua Coffin, Esq., asserts that Mr. 
Moody had a fourth son, William, and endeavors 
to prove this assertion by giving the date of his 
marriage, the names of his children, &c. We re- 
gret to be compelled to dissent from so high an 
authority ; but Mr. Coffin himself has furnished us 
with the grounds of our doubt. He says that 
William was married in 1684, at which time the 
three other brothers had been married between 
twenty-five and thirty years. Supposing him to 
have been born near the time of his father's com- 
ing to this country, he must have been, at the 
time of his marriage, about fifty years of age. 
Then, again, his death is put down as having oc- 
curred in 1730, making him about one hundred 
years of age. His wife's death is mentioned as 
having taken place in 1702, aged 38, rather a 
young woman to be united to a man of his years. 
Now we think all this may be very satisfactorily 
explained, by supposing that Mr. Coffin has iden- 
tified William, first son of Samuel Moody, as a 
son of William, instead of a grandson. Taking 
this explanation to be the fact in the case, there 
will then appear no discrepancy in dates, or im- 
probabilities as to age. Mr. Coffin's assertion is 
also contradicted by various statements of the 
writer's grandfather, Rev. Sila3 Moody, who was 
born more than one hundred years ago, in New- 
1* 



10 INTRODUCTION. 

bury, and was probably well acquainted with the 
genealogy of his ancestors. 

"William Moody, as well as his three sons, were 
of considerable note, both in the ecclesiastical and 
in the civil affairs of the town. The names of 
William, Samuel, and Caleb Moody often occur 
in the various committees of the church ; from 
which we may infer that they were not only pious 
men, but also possessed much practical wisdom 
and general intelligence. 

There is a tradition that William Moody was 
by trade a blacksmith,* and that he was the first 
derson in New England who adopted the practice 
of shoeing oxen, to enable them to walk on ice. 
Whether he ever acquired the enviable appella- 
tion of "the learned blacksmith," is a matter oi 
some doubt ; but that he was a generous patron 
of letters, seems evident from the fact that so large 
a number of his immediate descendants entered 
the learned professions. Indeed, almost all the 
early Moodys were distinguished by the maturity 
and activity of their minds, and their uncommon 
intelligence, having exhibited an enlightened and 
far-reaching observation quite in advance of the 
age in which they lived. There have been 
nearly forty persons of the name, who have grad- 
uated at the New England colleges. 

Mr. Caleb Moody, third son of William, and 
brother of the Rev. Joshua Moody, was twice 
married, and had a large family. He was repre- 
sentative of Newbury in the General Court of 

* Coffin says that he -was a saddler. It is not improbable 
that, when the saddle and the pillion served the purposes of 
the more comfortable carriage, the blacksmith and the sad- 
dler were united in one person, as "we now not unfrequently 
see the blacksmith and the carriage maker. 



INTRODUCTION. 11 

Massachusetts, for the years 1677-8. During 
the tyrannical administration of Andros, Mr. 
Moody, in 1 688, was imprisoned five weeks, for 
daring to speak and act like a freeman; his ac- 
count of which is graphically given in Coffin's 
History of Newbury, p. 150. The chief offence 
seemed to be his having in his possession a paper, 
the title of which was, 

" New England alarmed, 
To rise and be armed, 
Let not papist you charme, 
I mean you no harme,' 1 &c. 

The purport of the paper was to give notice to 
the people of the danger they were in, being un- 
der the sad circumstances of an arbitrary govern- 
ment. He died Aug. 25, 1698, aged 61. 

Mr. John Moody, of Roxbury, was admitted 
freeman in 1633. — Winthrop's Hist. New Eng- 
land, i. 106 ; Prince, Annals, ii. 96. 

There are several families of our name in the 
western part of Massachusetts, who are all sup- 
posed to have originated from a Mr. Samuel 
Moody, who, Coffin asserts, came to New Eng- 
land in 1635, went to Hartford, and thence to 
Hadley, with the first settlers. He had three 
sons — John, Samuel, and Ebenezer — and three 
daughters. John had five children, and died in 
Hartford. Samuel died at eighty years of age, 
and Ebenezer at eighty-three. There is a tradi- 
tion that Samuel Moody, of Hadley, was a broth- 
er of the "William Moody who settled in Newbu- 
ry ; but we have no facts to establish this tradition. 

It will be observed that the name of Joshua 
Moody is spelled Moodey. This was his mode of 
writing his name, which we have followed. 



12 INTRODUCTION. 

Joshua Coffin, Esq., in a letter to the author, 
remarks that — 

" Rev. Joshua Moodet was remarkable, even among 
the Puritans, for his decision of character, his indomitable 
and unflinching firmness under great and peculiar trials, 
and above all for his decided opposition to the delusion 
which, in the time of the Salem witchcraft, in 1692, had, 
with few exceptions, deceived the whole population of 
Massachusetts, and which, in the death of nineteen per- 
sons, had so tragical a result. Had it not been for his 
boldness, the number would doubtless have been greater. 
The memory of such a man deserves to be honored, as 
exhibiting a beautiful combination of talents, piety, firm- 
ness, a conscientious adherence to the convictions of duty, 
with a singular exemption from the superstitions peculiar 
to his age. The Rev. Samuel Moody, of York, fa- 
miliarly known every where as ' Father Moody,' was dis- 
tinguished in his day for his talents, his piety, his eccen- 
tricities, and the strength of his faith. Anecdotes of him, 
illustrating each of these traits, are still told, which, if col- 
lected, would be exceedingly interesting, as exhibiting a 
character which, either in the ministry or out, is at any 
time rarely found. Who in New England has not heard 
of his son, the Rev. Joseph Moody, sometimes called 
Handkerchief Moody, or of his son, the celebrated Master 
Moody ? Perhaps, from no academy in New England, 
has such a constellation of talent been sent to old Har- 
vard, as were fitted for that venerable institution by good 
old Master Moody. There are still others of the name, of 
later date, who deserve a notice, particularly Mr. Paul 
Moody, whose history would be almost identified with the 
history of Waltham and Lowell. But I need not enlarge. 
I will only add, that there are still in Newbury several fam- 
ilies of the name, some of whom occupy the same farms 
held by their ancestors, of the same name, more than two 
hundred years ago ; and, without being invidious, the name 
has been, and still is, one of high respectability." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, ETC. 

REV. JOSHUA MOODEY* 

OF PORTSMOUTH AND BOSTON. 

Joshua Moodey, son of William Moodey, 
one of the original settlers of Newbury, was 
born in England, in the year 1633, about 
one year before his father came to this coun- 
try. He received the rudiments of his early 
education at Newbury, and was probably pre- 
pared for admission to college by the Rev. 
Thos. Parker of that town, who, besides dis- 
charging his ministerial duties, generally had 
twelve or fourteen scholars under his tuition. 
He was undoubtedly well fitted to enter col- 
lege, especially if he enjoyed the instruction 
of this eminent classical scholar. He was 
graduated at Harvard College in 1653, after 
which he commenced the study of divinity, and 
very early began to preach. He had, before 
leaving Cambridge, made a public profession 
of religion, and joined the church in that town. 
He commenced his ministerial labors, in 
Portsmouth, N. H., early in the year 1658, 
at which place he laid the foundation, and 
eventually gathered, the first Congregational 

* So spelled by him. 



14 REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

Church in that place. He was then supported 
by eighty-six subscribers. In the year 1660, 
the town passed a regular vote for his estab- 
lishment in the pastoral office, but for some 
reason, he was not ordained until 1671, at 
which time the first church was gathered, 
though it appears he preached there statedly 
from the time of his first coming.* 

That part of New England owed much to the 
talents, the example, fidelity and zeal of Mr. 
Moodey. He was one of the first clerical 
characters of the country, and showed a no- 
ble spirit of independence and faithfulness to 
his Master's cause under uncommon trials. 

HIS GATHERING THE FIRST CHURCH IN 
PORTSMOUTH. 

His account of gathering and carrying on 
the Church of Christ in Portsmouth, which is 
written in a fair hand, will, no doubt, be more 
acceptable than any abridgment of it which 
the writer of this sketch can offer. We find 
it copied at large, from his records, in Alden's 
Account of Religious Societies in Portsmouth, 
from which we transfer it to our pages, with 
much other interesting matter from the same 
source. 

" Portsmouth, N. E., anno 1671. After 
many serious endeavors, which had been used 

* Farmer, in Quarterly Register, and Alden's Account of 
Religious Societies in Portsmouth. 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 15 

by the then minister of the place, since the 
pastor of the church there, in public and by 
several of the inhabitants in private, the Lord, 
without whose presence and blessing man 
builds in vain, was pleased at length to lay 
the foundation of an house for himself in this 
place, of the beginning and progress whereof 
here follows a brief but true account. 

" In the winter time of the foregoing year, 
viz. : 1670, there were several meetings to- 
gether of the minister with several of the in- 
habitants, who were members of other congre- 
gations in the country, and by providence set- 
tled inhabitants in Portsmouth, to discourse 
and confer about that great work and necessa- 
ry duty of entering into church fellowship, 
that themselves might enjoy all the ordinances 
of the Lord's house and their little ones might 
also be laid near God's altars, and brought up 
under the instruction and discipline of his 
house. Nor could they that were members of 
other churches, any longer satisfy themselves 
to live without the enjoyment of these edify- 
ing and strengthening ordinances, that their 
souls had in some measure, formerly tasted 
the good of, though now, for some years been 
kept from. Others also well affected to the 
work, professed their longings after those fat 
and marrowed things in God's house, and 
their readiness to join with them in helping 
to build, if they should be found fit for the 
same. 



16 IlEV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

" Hereupon, several assembled in private, 
and sought the Lord by fasting "% and prayer, 
that he would discover to us a right way, there 
being many fears and discouragements before 
us, for ourselves and our little ones, and we 
hope we may say he was entreated of us, as 
the event hath in some measure, blessed be his 
name, made manifest. 

" It was agreed that those, which were in full 
communion with other congregations abroad, 
should acquaint the respective churches, to 
which thev did belong, with the motion on 
foot, and desire their advice, approbation, 
countenance, and prayers therein, which was 
accordingly done. 

" There was a meeting appointed in a pri- 
vate house, wherein all, that had given their 
names for the work, were to assemble and read 
to each other, a reason of the hope that was in 
them, by giving account of their knowledge 
and experience, that so they might be satisfied 
one in another, and be capable of joining to- 
gether as members of the same body. Sev- 
eral days were spent in this exercise, to the 
mutual refreshing and endearing of the speak- 
er, and to the awakening and warning of oth- 
ers of the neighbors that were, as they had 
liberty to be, present at these exercises. 

" In fine, there was another meeting to in- 
quire whether all, that had made relations, 

*Ezra 8: 21, 22, 23. 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 17 

were so satisfied one in another, as to their re- 
lations and conversations, as that they could 
with freedom of spirit join in a body together, 
and unite in the same society, according to the 
rules of Christ. What ground of scruple lay 
upon the spirit of any, with reference to one 
or other of the forementioned company, was 
lovingly and plainly propounded, and satisfac- 
tion was ingenuously tendered on the one party 
and accepted by the other. Furthermore, we 
did discourse of and discover our apprehen- 
sions and persuasions concerning the order and 
discipline of the house of God. And there 
was an unanimous consent unto what had 
been publicly delivered in many sermons in 
the latter end of the year 1670, and the be- 
ginning of the year 1671, from Ezekiel 43 : 
10, 11, 12, about the laws, ordinances, and 
forms of the house, with the goings out thereof, 
and the comings in thereof. Of such high 
concernment did and do we account it to be 
for peace and edification of the whole, that 
both pastor and people should in these mat- 
ters, at least for the substance, and as near as 
may be in mere circumstantials also, speak 
the same things. 

" Hereupon there were some appointed to 
acquaint the civil authority, according to the 
law of the country, with what was thought on 
among us, that by the good liking and encour- 
agement of the same, we might make an order- 
ly and comfortable procedure in the work be- 



18 REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 

fore us. Which being done, several churches 
were sent to and entreated to send their elders 
and messengers upon the which was ap- 
pointed for the gathering of the church and 
ordination of officers therein. The church of 
Cambridge was sent to, because the pastor 
did belong to that church. They brought his 
dismission. Also the church of Ipswich, Row- 
ley, and Hampton. They met accordingly 
and Gov. Leverett came also. 

" He that was appointed pastor, preached 
in the morning out of Ezekiel 48 : 35. ' The 
name of the city from that day shall be, The 
Lord is there? After sermon, some in- 
termission was made, and on their meeting 
again, the pastor, with all those who were to 
be the beginners of the new church, made 
their relations, and those who were members 
of other churches had their dismissions, and 
all made their relations, whether members or 
non-members, and they were approved of by 
the messengers of churches, and embodied into 
a Church by an explicit covenant. Then the 
pastor was ordained, after the unanimous 
vote of the church for choice of him, and 
liberty given to all the congregation to object, 
if they had aught to say. He was ordained 
by several of the elders, at the desire of the 
church, Mr. Cabot giving him his charge, and 
Mr. Wheelwright the right hand of fellowship. 
Then the pastor ordained Samuel Haines 
Deacon, with the imposition of hand and 



REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 19 

prayer. A psalm was sung, and the congre- 
gation dismissed by the pastor with a prayer 
and blessing." 

The following is "The Church Covenant 
that those, who first embodied, did on that 
day publicly and solemnly enter into. 

" We do this day solemnly and publicly, 
in the presence of God and his people, avouch 
the one only living and true God, Father, Son, 
and Spirit, to be our God, and his word or 
revealed will to be our rule, and do with our- 
selves give up our children to be the Lord's. 
We do also professedly and heartily subject 
ourselves to Jesus Christ, as the Head of his 
Church, and do covenant and promise that we 
will submit ourselves to the government of 
Christ in this particular church, according to 
the laws of his house, that we will watch over 
our brethren and be watched over by them, 
according to rule, and that we will in all things 
so demean ourselves towards our pastor and 
fellow-members, as also towards all others, as 
becomes the gospel, that the Lord may dwell 
among us, and bless us, and we may be a pe- 
culiar people to his service and glory. And 
all this we promise by the help of Jesus Christ, 
and in his name, looking up to him for assist- 
ance, as being of ourselves capable of doing 
nothing." " Subscribed by Joshua Moodey, 
John Cutt, Richard Cutt, Elias Stileman, 
Richard Martyn, Samuel Haines, James Pen- 
dleton, John Fletcher, and John Tucker." 



20 REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 

From this ancient and interesting docu- 
ment, from the fellowship of Mr. Moodey with 
the ministers of Massachusetts, and from his 
published works, it is pretty well known what 
were his religious sentiments. They were not 
the caricatures of Calvinism, which have been 
so often and so unfairly charged upon some of 
the early divines of New England ; but were 
substantially those sentiments which are em- 
bodied in the Shorter Catechism of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Divines, or in the doctrinal 
articles of the Church of England. 

As a minister, Mr. Moodey was zealous and 
faithful. For a series of years the Church 
nourished under his pastoral care, during 
which time he distinguished himself by his 
independent and faithful manner of preaching, 
and the strictness of his church discipline. 

HIS PERSECUTION BY CRAXFIELD — 
NONCONFORMITY. 

The connection which had been so happily 
formed and long preserved with the church 
at Portsmouth, was at length sundered by a 
transaction which illustrates his unbending in- 
tegrity and fidelity as a man and as a pastor 
of a christian church. 

The Lieut. Governor of the Province, (Mr. 
Cranfield,) suspected that the general in- 
fluence of Mr. Moodey was the chief obstacle 
to the accomplishment of his own schemes of 
self-aggrandizement. Failing of success in 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 21 

his favorite plans, he resolved to inflict upon 
the unyielding pastor some memorable marks 
of his unjustifiable resentment. 

At this time, (1684,) an occurrence took 
place which served to excite in the bosom of 
the Lieut. Governor a more definite purpose of 
persecution. A Scotch ketch that had been 
seized by the Collector, was carried out of the 
harbor in the night, the owner of which, 

George J , a member of the church, 

swore, upon trial, that he had not had a hand 
in sending her away, and that he knew noth- 
ing about it ; but, the circumstances were 
such, that there were strong suspicions he had 
perjured himself. He found means, however, 
to settle the matter with Cranfield and the 
Collector ; but Mr. Moodey judged it neces- 
sary, notwithstanding what the Governor had 
done, to do something to vindicate the honor 
of his church. He requested of the Gover- 
nor copies of the evidence, for the purpose of 
instituting an ecclesiastical examination. Mr. 
Cranfield ordered the minister to desist from 
his attempt, and threatened him with severe 
consequences in case of a refusal. Mr. 
Moodey was not to be thus intimidated. 
With admirable firmness he resolved to do his 
duty, at any hazard. He preached a sermon 
" upon swearing and the evil of false swear- 
ing," and had several church meetings, called 
the offender to an account, and, at length, 
brought him to a public confession. This pro- 



22 EEV. JOSHUA MOODET. 

ceeding on the part of Mr. Moodey, irritated 
Cranfield to the highest degree. In order to 
have an opportunity to wreak his vengeance 
upon the persevering and conscientious pastor, 
he was determined to put the uniformity act 
into operation. By a statute then in force, 
or perhaps by an arbitrary construction of the 
statute, ministers were required to admit to 
the Lord's Supper all persons who should 
desire it, who were " of suitable years, and 
not vicious," according to the Liturgy of the 
Church of England. Cranfield gave notice 
to Mr. Moodey, that he, with Robert Mason 
and John Hincks, intended, on the following 
Sunday, to partake thus of the sacrament. 
His demand was not complied with. The 
consequence was, Mr. Moodey was indicted, 
Feb. 5th, 1684, and imprisoned for thirteen 
weeks. See Belknap's History N. H. vol. 1. 

In the complaint against Mr. Moodey, he 
was contemptuously set forth as having the 
semblance and appearance of a minister, who 
had refused to administer the sacrament to 
the ' honble Edward Cranfield, esq. governor 
of his majesty's province of New-Hampshire, 
Robert Mason, esq., proprietor, and John 
Hincks, esq. of the said province." The fol- 
lowing is the order issued to the Sheriff, by 
which he was taken to prison : — 

" In His Majesty's name you are hereby required 
forthwith to take and apprehend the body and per- 
son of Joshua Moodey. of Portsmouth; in the said 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 23 

province, dark, and carry him to the prison of Great 
Island in the said Province ; and the prisonkeeper. 
Richard Abbot, is hereby required to receive him 
the said Joshua Moodey and keep him in safe cus- 
tody in the said prison, he having bin convicted of 
administering the sacraments contrary to the laws 
and statutes of England, and refusing to administer 
the sacraments according to the rites and cere- 
monies of the church of England, and the form 
enjoined in the said statutes. There to remain for 
the space of six months next ensuing, without bail 
or mainprize. Fail not." — Belknap's Hist. N. Hamp- 
shire, vol. i. p. 321. 

The following account of this transaction is 
in Mr. Moodey's own language : 

" The Pastor was indicted by Governor 
Cranfield, for refusing to administer the sac- 
rament of the Lord's Supper unto him, after 
the way of the Church of England, and be- 
cause he had often administered it another 
way. He pleaded liberty of conscience, al- 
lowed by the commission, but was impleaded 
by Joseph Raynes, King's Attorney, and was 
sent to prison, where he continued thirteen 
weeks ; and then, by the intercession of some 
friends, was dismissed, with a charge to preach 
no more, on pain of further imprisonment. 
The persecution being personal, and his mouth 
utterly stopped, while the other ministers in 
the Province were undisturbed, and there 
being a door opened to preach elsewhere, it 
was thought advisable for him to take up with 
a call to the Old Church in Boston, where he 
continued preaching till the year 1692, and 
3 



24 REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

then, by advice of a council, he returned to 
Portsmouth again, in the beginning of the 
year 1693. The Judge of the Court was 
(Captain of the Fort) Walter Barefoot ; the 
Justices, Mr. Fryer, Peter Coffin, Thomas 
Edgerly, Henry Green, and Henry Robey. 
Over night, four of the six dissented from his 
imprisonment ; but before next morning, Peter 
Coffin, being hectored by Cranfield, drew off 
Robey and Green. Only Mr. Fryer and 
Edgerly refused to consent ; but by the ma- 
jor part he was committed. Not long after, 
Green repented and made his acknowledg- 
ment to the Pastor, who frankly forgave him. 
Robey was excommunicated out of Hampton 
Church, for a common drunkard, and died an 
excommunicant, and was by his friends thrown 
into a hole near his house, for fear of an ar- 
rest of his carcase. Barefoot fell into a lan- 
guishing distemper, whereof he died. Coffin 
was taken by the Indians, and his house and 
mills burnt, himself not slain, but dismissed. 
The Lord give him repentance, though no 
sign of it have appeared. Psalm 9 : 16." 

Joseph Raynes, the Attorney-General, ap- 
pears to have been a creeping politician, and 
willing to engage in any dishonorable work 
that would subserve his own personal interests. 
His conduct in carrying on this persecution 
against Mr. Moodey was much complained of. 
Vaughan says, that Mr. M.'s defence was 
short, and " not without many interruptyones 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 25 

and smiles by the pragmatticke, busey, imper- 
tinente atturney." Raynes was for a short time 
Sheriff; and being unwilling to give up a war- 
rant which he had executed, was sent for by 
the Governor ; but not appearing so soon as 
was expected, his Excellency went to Raynes' 
chamber, and administered summary justice 
by giving the little great man a severe horse- 
whipping, and ordering an officer to " carry 
the rogue to jail." And Cranfield himself event- 
ually became so odious to the people, that he 
was obliged to abscond, and return no more. 

After Cranfield had imprisoned Mr. M. 
he sent word to Rev. Seaborn Cotton, then 
settled at Hampton, that " When he had pre- 
pared his soul, he would come and demand the 
sacrament of him, as he had done at Ports- 
mouth. " Mr. Cotton, fearing that the Gov- 
ernor would come before his soul was properly 
prepared, retired to Boston, and there remain- 
ed until Cranfield had left the Province, when 
he returned to his people. 

William Vaughan, apparently a pious man, 
was imprisoned at the same time with Mr. 
Moodey, for sending information of Cranfield's 
misconduct to England, or for refusing to 
submit to some of his arbitrary demands. He 
kept a sort of journal during his imprisonment, 
and after enumerating various trials says, 

" But above all our menester lyes in pris- 
son, and a fammin of the word of God cominge 
upon us. No public worship, no preachinge 



26 BEV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

of the word, what ignoranse, profanes and 
misery must needes ensue ! 

" The sabbath is come but no prechinge at 
the Banke, nor anny allowed to com to us ; we 
had noone but the fameley with us, the pore 
peple wantinge for lake of bred. Motyones 
have been made that Mr. Moodey may goe up 
and prech on the Lord's daye, tho' hee com 
downe to prisson at night, or that naibor min- 
isters might be permitted to com and prech, 
or that the peple might com downe to the 
prisson and here as many as could, but nothing 
will doe ; an unparraleled example amongst 
christians to have a menester putt oute and 
no other waye found to supply his plase by 
one menes or other. Mr. Frier was severe- 
ly thretned for refuseinge to subscribe Mr. 
Moodey's commitment, but hath obtayned fair- 
ly a dismityon from all publike offices. Jus- 
tis Edgerly also cashiered, and bound over to 
the quarter sessiones. It .is said that Justis 
Greene, is much afflicted for what he has done, 
but Roby not. Peter Coffin can scarse show 
his hed in anny company. 

" Good Mrs. Martin was buried, being not 
able to live above one saboth after the shut- 
ting up the dores of the sanctuary." 

While in prison at Great Island, where he 
was confined without permission to visit his 
family, he wrote the following letter to Rev. 
Samuel Phillips, of Rowley. It shows that a 
good man, though deprived of the comforts of 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 27 

social life and personal liberty, may, like Paul 
and Silas in prison, and John on the Island of 
Patmos, being the Spirit and enjoy the com- 
forts of the Holy Ghost. It is believed that 
this letter has never before been published. 

"From the Prison, 27th, 1st mo. (o. s.) 1684. 
"Reverend and Dear Sir : 

" Your large epistle worthy to be in print, 
as the second Book of Samuel, came to hand 
lately, unto which, the haste of the bearer 
will not allow me to give a large answer, nor 
will my abilities enable me, if I had ever so 
much time, to give a full and suitable one. 
Nbn possum par pari referre. 

" Your sentiments, proverbs, apothegms, 
verses and prose are so pertinently and warm- 
ly applied that they went to my very heart, 
and I believe they came from yours. Bless- 
ed be God for your sympathy with me, your 
counselling of me, your cordials too, — words 
fitly spoken, — there wanted nothing to make 
your work complete save convictions and re- 
proofs, which though I am not without in 
myself, yet possibly it might have some fur- 
ther influence if you, (especially yourself, 
whom I so highly honor and love,) should ap- 
ply them. Oh ! why do you not tell me of 
my laziness, formality, barrenness in religion, 
neglect of precious opportunities that are put 
into my hand, which I did not so use as I 
might ? Oh ! this not doing every thing the 



28 KEV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

hand finds to do with the might ! Why do you 
not chide me for all the levity and vanity you 
have observed in my words and conversation, 
unbecoming my profession and function, cum 
nultis aliis, &c. ? Oh that I could now call 
to remembrance all of that nature that God 
is reckoning with me now for ! Alas ! how 
much better might I have done, been more 
instant in season and out of season ! How 
little have I believed and lived the gospel I 
have preached! other things, impertinences 
and vanities, how much of my precious time 
have they ran away with, and yet to this day 
not cured ! Oh ! pray for me that I may feel 
even this, that I now write, to purpose; that 
God would thoroughly humble, pardon, sanc- 
tify, and comfort me. Who shall deliver me 
from this body of death ? Blessed be God 
for Jesus Christ. 

" I have received from Mr. Danforth an ac- 
count that you have been spoken to or written 
to, by the Elders, to come over and help us a 
while. I would strongly urge the motion, 
which might be of singular advantage. I hope 
one of your sermons now would do more good 
than many of mine. We have been thinking 
of getting a minister for the Point, but yes- 
terday I sent for Mr. Mason, and he came to 
me to the prison, and I have obtained of him 
that a minister may be allowed to come from 
abroad, and preach in my meeting house. 
Sometimes we may be able to get a friend to 



REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 29 

help us, which we prefer far before preaching 
at the Point, the latter being only on a sup- 
posal of the non-allowance of the former. But 
I have gotten liberty from Mr. Mason, who 
presides now in the Governor's absence, (who 
is gone to New York,) so that there is no dan- 
ger of your coming and preaching, (no, my 
dear affectionate aunt need not be afraid.) 
I have sent to Mr. Dumuier, and hope he is 
with you this Lord's day ; however, shall 
expect you here next, and when you come 
prepare to tarry two Sabbaths at least. My 
cousin will not be unwilling, considering the 
necessity. Oh ! consider that my poor flock 
have fasted about forty days and must now be 
an hungered. Have pity upon them, have 
pity upon them, Oh thou my friend ! &c, and, 
when you have taken your turn, we shall hope 
for some other. Let this good work for the 
house of God be done by you, that you may 
be blessed of God, for good, according to all 
you have done for his house, and that at such 
a time when it was so laid waste. You will 
thereby not only visit me in prison, but feed a 
great multitude of the hungry and thirsty lit- 
tle ones of Christ, which will be accounted for 
at that day. But why do I plead more ? 
[Thinks I hear you whispering in mine ear, 
stop, cousin, stop ; I am more ready to grant 
than you to ask ; and when you ask two, I 
intend three or four days.] Yea, and if you 
should furnish five or six friends, the more work 
3 



30 REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 

the more wages. Pray come early enough in 
the week to give notice to the people. 

"I do also in behalf of my dear and tender 
wife, thank you for yours to her, which she 
will acknowledge when she sees it. Xow 
pray for me that I may have an humble heart, 
and that my whole soul, body and spirit, may 
be sanctified, and kept blameless to that day ; 
that my place of prisonment may be as at Pat- 
mos, a place wherein I may be in the Spirit 
not only on the Lord's day but every day ; 
that I may so demean myself as that God's 
glory, and my own edification and salvation, 
may be the fruit of my confinement. And 
the good Lord be with you and all yours, my 
aunt and all my cousins, (unto whom I beg a 
particular and respectful remembrance,) and 
with all the ministers in this western world, 
that they may work strenuously and sincerely 
while the day lasts, that no such night may 
come upon them or their churches as has be- 
fallen us, and if the cup must go round, that 
every one may be prepared to take it out of a 
Father's hand. I am, more than ever, 

J MOODEY." 

We may well remark here, in the language 
of the devout Baxter, that " God seldom gives 
his people so sweet a foretaste of their future 
rest, as in their deep afflictions. He keeps 
his most precious cordials for the time of our 
greatest faintings and dangers. He gives 
them when he knows they are needed and will 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 31 

be valued, and when he is sure to be thanked 
for them, and that his people will be rejoiced 
by them. Especially when our sufferings are 
more directly for his cause, then he seldom 
fails to sweeten the bitter cup. The martyrs 
have possessed the highest joys. When did 
Christ preach such comforts to his disciples, 
as when ' their hearts were sorrowful ' at his 
departure ? When did he appear among them, 
and say, ' Peace be unto you,' but when they 
were shut up for fear of the Jews ? When 
did Stephen see heaven opened, but when he 
was giving up his life for the testimony of 
Jesus? Is not that our best state, wherein 
wc have most of God ?" 

HIS EFFORTS FOR HARVARD COLLEGE. 

On several occasions Mr. Moodey made 
very commendable efforts in behalf of the in- 
terests of literature. In 1669, when he was 
minister at Portsmouth, and there was a pro- 
posal for a general collection throughout the 
colony of Massachusetts, for the purpose of 
erecting a new brick building at Harvard Col- 
lege, the old wooden one being small and de- 
cayed, Mr. Moodey, by his exertions at Ports- 
mouth, and by his influence, aided by other 
friends of learning, obtained the subscription 
for that object of £60 per annum for seven 
years. The address to the General Court, 
communicating this instance of liberality, was 



32 KEV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

undoubtedly written by Mr. Moodey. Tlie 
following is a copy of it, found in the Colony 
Records of Massachusetts : — 

" To the much honored General Court, of the Mas- 
sachusetts Colony, assembled at Boston, 20th May, 
1669. The humble address of the inhabitants of the 
town of Portsmouth, humbly sheweth, That seeing by 
your means, under God, we enjoy much peace and 
quietness, and very worthy deeds are done to us, by 
the favorable aspect of the government of this colony 
upon us, we accept it always in all places with all 
thankfulness ; and though we have articled with your- 
selves for exemption from public charges, yet we 
never articled with God and our own consciences, 
for exemption from gratitude, which to demonstrate, 
while we were studying, the loud groans of the sink- 
ing college in its present low estate, came to our ears ; 
the relieving; of which we account a good work for the 
house of our God, and needful for the perpetuating of 
knowledge, both religious and civil, among us and our 
posterity after us ; and therefore grateful to yourselves 
whose care and study is to seek the welfare of our 
Israel. 

" The premises considered, we have made a collec- 
tion in our town of sixty pounds per annum, (and 
hope to make it more,) which said sum is to be paid 
annually, for these seven years ensuing, to be im- 
proved at the discretion of the Honored Overseers of 
the College, for the behoof of the same and the ad- 
vancement of good literature there, hoping withal 
that the example of ourselves (which have been ac- 
counted no people) will provoke the rest of the coun- 
try to jealousy, (we mean an holy emulation in so 
good a work,) and that this Honored Court will in 
their wisdom see meet vigorously to act for diverting 
the sad omen to poor New England, of a College 
begun and completely upheld while we were little, 
should sink now we are grown great, especially after 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 33 

so large and profitable an harvest that this country 
and other places have reaped from the same. 

"Your acceptance of our good meaning herein will 
further oblige us to endeavor the approving ourselves 
to be Your thankful and humble servants, 

John Cutt, 
Richard Cutt, 
Joshua Moodey, 
" In the name and behalf of the rest of the Sub- 
scribers in the town of Portsmouth." 

This address was presented to the court by 
the last two, on the twentieth of May, 1669, 
when it was gratefully accepted, " and the 
governor, in the name of the whole court met 
together, returned the thanks of the court for 
their pious and liberal gift in the college here- 
in mentioned." 

HIS MINISTRY IN BOSTON. 

As before related, after his persecution in 
Portsmouth, he fled to Boston, where he was 
received with open arms by the members of 
the First Church, and on the third of May, 
1684, an arrangement was happily effected for 
him to cooperate with Rev. Mr. Allen, as as- 
sistant preacher to that church. The follow- 
ing extracts from the church records, will show 
how Mr. Moodey was introduced to the situa- 
tion he there held. 

" 11, 3 mo. 1684. 
cl At a meeting of the Old Church in Boston : 
" Q. Brethren, the Providence of God having 
brought Mr. Joshua Moodey unto the town under 
such circumstances, as you know, whether you be 



34 REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 

willing, that, in the name of the church, he be de- 
sired, during his abode and residence here, to be 
constantly helpful to our teacher. Mr. James Allen, 
in preaching the word of God among us? Voted, 
affirmatively. 

u The providence of God having cast Rev. Mr. 
Joshua Moodey among us, by shutting the door of 
liberty for his ministry in his own Church, at Ports- 
mouth, we do earnestly desire that he would con- 
stantly exercise ministry with our teacher among 
us, until he hath free and open liberty to return to 
them again, which we express as an explanation of 
our former vote by our mind therein. 

" Voted unanimously, as attest, 

James Allen, 
John Wiswall." 

Here he commenced his labors under flat- 
tering circumstances. The congregation were 
pleased with him, as a man, as a scholar, and 
as a theologian. He was so distinguished for 
his literary and scientific attainments, that on 
the death of President Rogers, July 2, 1684, 
he was elected his successor, as President of 
Harvard College. But he modestly declined 
the honor of that station, preferring his situa- 
tion as assistant minister in the First Church. 

Mr. Moodey had distinguished himself as 
an ardent friend of that independent ecclesi- 
astical action promulgated by the Puritans, 
and adopted and sustained by the Congrega- 
tionalists. Mr. Allen, his associate in Boston, 
had felt the iron hand of persecution in Eng- 
land : thus they were fit companions to sustain 
and comfort each other under the peculiar 
trials they were called to endure. At this 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 35 

time (1686) efforts were made grossly to in- 
fringe upon the rights of the independent 
churches, and to subvert some of their most 
cherished privileges. The author of the His- 
tory of the First Church, in Boston, in com- 
menting upon these matters, says, 

" Mr. Allen was one of the two thousand 
ministers who, in 1662, had, in a manner, been 
sacrificed by the Bartholomew act. The Con- 
gregational character, with its growth, had ac- 
quired a respectable degree of independence 
and hardihood ; and the designs and manners 
of Englishmen, arriving from the parent coun- 
try, as they were not altogether calculated to 
secure confidence, began to awaken unpleasant 
suspicions. The presence of the excellent 
Moodey reminded every one of the imperious 
and abominable conduct of Cranfield, who had 
insisted that the Lord's Supper should be ad- 
ministered conformably to the English Liturgy, 
and in no other way; and the behaviour of 
Randolph and Andros wore a similar aspect. 
In this state of things a meeting was held at 
Mr. Allen's, at which all the ministers, and 
four of each congregation were present. They 
had the same impression respecting the inten- 
tion of the governor. They believed that he 
purposed making use of a meeting house for 
the celebration of public worship according to 
the liturgy ; and they were agreed in opinion, 
that they ought to frustrate his purpose. — 
Their counsels, however, were ineffectual. 



36 REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

After viewing the three meeting houses, the 
governor determined to make use of the one 
belonging to the Third, or Old South Society. 
It was in rain that the measure was deplored 
bj a number of the most respectable proprie- 
tors ; that they urged their right to the edifice, 
and the land on which it stood, and the cruelty 
of infringing on their religious immunities. — 
The governor caballed with two or three busy 
bodies, and ordered the sexton of the church 
to open the doors and ring the bell. The fel- 
low durst not refuse obedience to the first mag- 
istrate of the colony, and the service was per 
formed in the meeting house agreeably to his 
wishes. This infraction on the rights of Con- 
gregationalists was perhaps never repeated ; 
for immediately afterwards the first Episcopal 
Society in Boston was instituted, and a church 
consecrated to the English establishment." 
******** 

" Among the enlightened, bold, and faithful 
ecclesiastics of New England, in her infantile 
state, Joshua Moodey, who now for several 
years had adorned the pulpit of the First 
Church, will ever stand in a conspicuous sta- 
tion. It is not wonderful, therefore, that the 
society, which knew his worth, should, on the 
prospect of losing him, make a formal effort to 
detain him as a permanent associate with their 
present pastor." 

Consequently the church voted, 22d July, 
1691, " to inquire of the deacons about the 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 37 

way to pay for the rent of Mr. Moodey's 
house," and to see " what is given and fit to 
be settled on our teaching officer, to be without 

variation." 

HIS OPPOSITION TO THE WITCHCRAFT DELUSION 
IN 1692. 

While Mr. Moodey was a resident of Bos- 
ton, he evinced the enlargement and indepen- 
dence of his mind, by stemming the swollen 
tide of excitement which the subject of witch- 
craft had called forth. Unlike some of the 
ministers of the age, he declined giving any 
countenance to the severe measures which the 
popular will loudly demanded. His useful- 
ness in Boston was seriously abridged by the 
anathemas which his manly resistance to a 
popular and spreading delusion, drew upon 
him. It was chiefly by his moral courage, 
that a gentleman and his wife, who had been 
lodged in jail in Boston, were saved from the 
cruel doom which the laws in those days 
awarded to persons suspected of witchcraft. 
An account of this is particularly narrated in 
the following letter, by Rev. William Bently, 
of Salem, published in the 10th vol. Coll. 
Mass. Hist. Soc. : 

" In the times of the witchcraft in Salem 
village, no person, distinguished for property, 
and known in the commercial world, was accu- 
sed, but Philip English. He came while young 
into America, from the island of Jersev : lived 
4 



38 REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 

in the family of Mr. Hollingworth, a rich in- 
habitant of Salem, and afterwards married his 
only daughter and child, Susanna. The wife 
had received a better education than is com- 
mon, even at this day, as proofs I hold suffi- 
ciently discover.'' 

" From some prejudices, as early as 21st 
April, 1692, she was accused of witchcraft, 
examined, and committed to prison in Salem. 
Her firmness is memorable. Six weeks she 
was confined ; but being visted by a fond hus- 
band, her husband was also accused, and con- 
fined in the same prison. By the intercession 
of friends, and by a plea that the prison was 
crowded, they were removed to Arnold's jail, 
in Boston, tin the time of trial. 

" In Boston, upon giving bail, they had the 
liberty of the town, only lodging in prison. 
Upon their arrival, Messrs. Willard and 
Moodey visited them, and discovered every 
disposition to console them in their distress. 
On the day before they were to return to Sa- 
lem, Mr. Moodey waited upon them in the 
prison, and invited them to the public worship. 
On the occasion, he chose for the text, ' If 
they jwrsecute you in one city, flee to another.'' 
In the discourse, with a manly freedom, he 
justified every attempt to escape from the 
forms of justice, when justice was violated in 
them. After service, Mr. Moodey visited the 
prisoners in the jail, and asked Mr. English 
whether he took notice of his discourse ? Mr. 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 39 

English said he did not know whether he had 
applied it as he ought, and wished some con- 
versation upon the subject. Mr. Moodey then 
frankly told him that his life was in danger, 
and he ought by all means provide for an es- 
cape. ' Many,' said he, ' have suffered.' 
Mr. English then replied, ' God will not suf- 
fer them to hurt me.' Upon this reply, Mrs. 
English said to her husband, ' do you not think 
that they who have suffered already, are in- 
nocent V He said, ' Yes.' ' Why, then, 
may not we suffer also ? Take Mr. Moodey's 
advice.' Mr. Moodey then told Mr. English 
that if he would not carry his wife away, he 
would. He then informed him that he had 
persuaded several worthy persons in Boston to 
make provision for their conveyance out of the 
colony, and that a conveyance had been ob- 
tained, encouraged by the Governor, jailor, 
&c, which would come at midnight ; and that 
proper recommendations had been obtained to 
Governor Fletcher, of New York ; so that he 
might give himself no concern about any one 
circumstance of the journey; that all things 
were amply provided. The Governor also 
gave letters to Governor Fletcher, and, at the 
time appointed, Mr. English, his wife and 
daughter, were taken and conveyed to New 
York. He found, before his arrival, that Mr. 
Moodey had despatched letters ; and the Gov- 
ernor, with many private gentlemen, came out 
to meet him ; and the Governor entertained 



•10 KEY. JOSHUA MOODZ 

him at his own house, and paid him every at- 
tention, while he remained in the citv. On 
the next Year, he returned. 

••In all this business. Mr. Moodey openly 
justified Mr. English, and, in defiance of all 
the prejudices which prevailed, expressed his 
abhorrence of these measures, which had 
obliged a useful citizen to flee from the execu- 
tioners. Mr. Moodey was commended by all 
discerning men, but he felt the angry resent- 
ment of the deluded multitude of his own 
times, among whom some of high rank were 
included. He soon after left Boston and re- 
turned to Portsmouth. 

u Mrs. English died in 1 _ years of 

. in consequence of the ungenerous treat- 
ment she had received. Her husband diec 
ears of age, in 17 

•• This is the substance of the communica- 

n made to me at different times from Madam 
Susanna Harrshorne. his great-grand-daughter, 
who died in Salem, 28th - . at the 

age of 80 years, who received the account 
from the descendants of Mr. English, who 
dwelt upon hi .ions to Mr. Moodey with 

great pleasure." 

During Mr. Moodey's nine years' residence 
in Boston, as assistant minister of the First 
Church, he often visited the church in Ports- 
mouth, and kept their private meetings and 
fasts, and so that bereaved church 4 held to- 
gether, though some removed, and others were 
taken away by death/ 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEr. 41 



HIS RETCRX TO PORTSMOUTH. 

After the departure of Lieutenant-Governor 
Cranfield, who had shown himself worthy of a 
mitre under Archbishop Laud, messengers 
were several times sent from Portsmouth to 
Boston, to treat with Mr. Moodey about his 
return. Copies of the letters, which passed be- 
tween him and the selectmen, upon this sub- 
ject, are preserved in the town records of Ports- 
mouth, from which it appears that the affection 
between him and the people of his former 
charge, was mutually retained. 

In 1691, the people of Portsmouth, hav- 
ing invited Rev. John Cotton, afterwards of 
Hampton, to settle there, Mr. Moodey wrote 
to the town on the 29th of May, informing 
them that he would return, if it were their 
wish ; and at the same time expressed his 
opinion that they had been hasty in giving a 
call to Mr. Cotton. He had previously writ- 
ten to the church, stating his willingness to re- 
turn and renew his pastoral relation with them, 
if it were thought best, and proposed that a 
council should be called to advise them how to 
proceed. The selectmen did not think proper 
to call a town-meeting, to lay this letter before 
the town, but wrote to Mr. Moodey, that they 
had consulted many individuals respecting it ; 
that they did not see the necessity of a coun- 
cil ; that his leaving them destitute so many 
years, especially after their repeated invita- 
4* 




42 KEY. JOSHUA MOODET. 

tions to him to return, was evidence of his in- 
tention of quitting them altogether ; and that 
since the town had given a call to Mr. Cotton, 
they were not at liberty to act until they had 
received his answer. Mr. Cotton advised them 
to make another application to Mr. Moodey, 
and if he did not accept this invitation, " they 
might honestly provide for themselves such 
person as they judge fittest to supply the place 
of the ministry here." The town accordingly 
voted on the 8th of October, to send another 
messenger to Mr. Moodey, and request his re- 
turn, and to inform him " that in consequence 
of his absence, part of the town had withdrawn 
and provided themselves with a minister, and 
that they were not able to maintain a minister 
as they had formerly done. Notwithstanding 
which, they engage, prodded he return forth- 
with, to pay him eighty pounds a year, and 
let him have the use of the glebe and parson- 
age house. But if he do. not take up with the 
above propositions, the church and town are 
resolved to concern themselves no further with 
Mr. Moodey, but look upon ourselves clear 
from him and he from us." Mr. Moodey 
thought the intervention of a council of great 
importance, and was unwilling to return with- 
out the advice of one. The town and church 
being of a contrary opinion, a council was 
not called, and Mr. Moodey concluded to re- 
main at Boston. Whether he made any fur- 
ther overtures to the town is uncertain, but 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 43 

they relaxed from their determination to have 
no further connection with him. On the 18th 
of January, they voted, " That whereas our 
reverend pastor, Mr. Joshua Moodey, was for a 
long time agone driven from us, and the trou- 
blesomeness of the times having hitherto hin- 
dered his return, the town doth now invite him 
to return and supply his place as formerly ; 
and on that condition, the town doth engage to 
make, good his salary in every respect as for- 
merly, so long as said Mr. Moodey doth supply 
the place of the ministry here." * 

At length, by the recommendation of an 
ecclesiastical council, and the earnest entrea- 
ties of his congregation, he returned to Ports- 
mouth sometime in 1692, and was welcomed 
back by the people with warm interest. Here 
he spent the remainder of his days, with his 
affectionate flock, in usefulness, harmony and 
love. The number of communicants which 
had been admitted into the church at Ports- 
mouth, previous to 1697, was one hundred 
and sixty. 

HIS DEATH, AND EULOGY BY DR. COTTON 
MATHER. 

He was naturally of a very robust and 
hardy constitution ; but from too close appli- 
cation to his studies, and to the discharge of 
his parochial duties, he contracted some disor- 

* Annals of Portsmouth ; Am. Qu. Reg. Vol. IX. No. 3. 



4i REV. JOSHUA MOODLV. 

ders which obliged him to repair to Boston for 
medical aid. lie had been there but a short 
time, before he fell a victim to his disease, 
lie died on the Sabbath, 4th July, 1*J97, in 
the 05th year of i and was " interred in 

the tomb of the worshipful John Hull." His 
days had been checkered, but their conclusion 
was ser 

Great harmoi. ted between him 

hi- ore he was driven away by Cran- 

fie! location; and after his return, until 

hk . he was confined by his last 

sickness at liurch and people 

g and prayer lor his 
recovery. 

Doctor Cotton Mather pi I his funeral 

sermon, from these words : "7. / Htead- 

'[// on I y taw i id been 

th> He calls him i 

mm and lias left on record a full 

to his usefulness in life, and to his 
happiness in death. " All the churches in 
New England considered him as . D whom 

an eminency, both in sense and grace, had 
made' able. All the churches of Boa- 

ton 1 and admired hi- hmenta 

for the evangelical min to- 

gether. The church in Portsmouth, (a ] 
of the country that rich owes its life 

unto him ! j cry* out of a deadly wound in his 
death, and is ready to cry out, l Our breach 
is great like the s?a : who can heal it ? ' Hi3 



REV. JOSHUA MOODET. 45 

labors in the gospel were frequent and fervent, 
whereof the press has given some lasting, as 
the pulpit gave many lively testimonies. Yea, 
if it were counted one of the most memorable 
things in St. Francis de Sales, that he made 
four thousand sermons to the people, I can re- 
late as memorable a thing of our Moodey. 
Before he died he had numbered some hun- 
dreds more than four thousand of them. And 
unto his cares to edify his flock by sermons, he 
added more than ordinary cares to do it by 
visits, — no man, perhaps, being a kinder vis- 
itant. He was not only ready to do good, but 
also to suffer for doing it ; and as he was ex- 
emplarily zealous for a scriptural purity in the 
worship of our Lord Jesus Christ, so he cheer- 
fully submitted unto an imprisonment for that 
cause of God and of his country : wherein, 
like Stephen, he had the honor to be the first 
that suffered in that way for that cause, in these 
parts of the world. Briefly — for piety, for 
charity, and for faithfulness to the main in- 
terests of our churches, all that knew him, 
and know the worth of these things, wish that 
among the survivors he may have many fol- 
lowers/' To a minister who visited him on his 
death-bed, he declared, " that he was rejoicing 
in the hope of the glory of God ; that he was 
longing to go to the precious Christ whom he 
had chosen and served ; that the spirit of 
Christ had comfortably taken away from him 
the fear of death." When that minister urged 



46 REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

him to leave with him any special desire that 
he should judge proper to be mentioned, he 
said, " The Life of the churches — the Life of 
the churches, and the dying power of godliness 
in them. I beseech you to look after that." 
The minister at last said, " The Lord Jesus 
Christ is now, sir, going to do for you as once 
for Joshua, (your name-sake.) He is just 
going to take from you your old, sorry, ragged 
garments — those of your flesh — and clothe 
you with a change of raiment, with the gar- 
ments of heavenly glory, and give you a place 
among his angels." Whereto he replied, with 
some transport, "I believe it! I believe it!" 
After this, he said but little, but lay in an un- 
easy drowsiness until the afternoon of the day 
following, which was the LordCs day ; and then, 
even on the day whereon he had so often been 
in the spirit, he went unto the blessed world of 
spirits ; on the day which he had so often 
sanctified in a sacred rest, he went unto his 

eternal rest." —Fun. Serm. in Magnalia. 
HIS PUBLISHED WORKS. 

One work of which Mr. Moodey was the au- 
thor, was printed at Boston, by Richard Pierce, 
in 1685, 12mo. pp. 109. It is entitled, " A 
Practical Discourse concerning the Choice Ben- 
efit of Communion with God in his house, wit- 
nessed unto by the experience of saints as 
the best improvement of time, being the sum 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 47 

of several sermons on Psalm 84 : 10, preached 
at Boston, on Lecture Days." This little vol- 
ume is accompanied by a prefatory address to 
the reader, by Rev. James Allen, which gives 
it a handsome and just encomium. Another 
edition of this work was published in 1746, ac- 
companied by a preface from Rev. Messrs. 
Joseph Sewall, Thos. Prince, and John Webb, 
in which they say, " These Lectures were de- 
livered by a man of God whose praise is in the 
churches, not only as an able and fervent 
preacher, but also as a confessor for Christ, 
and the purity of his worship." In 1691 he 
published a sermon on the " Sin of Formality 
in God's Worship, or the Formal Worshipper 
proved a liar and deceiver, preached on the 
weekly lecture in Boston, from Hos. 2 : 12." 
He also preached and published the Artillery 
Election Sermon, 1674, from the text, 1 Cor. 
ix. 26, 4to pp. 48 ; and the Court Election 
Sermon in 1692. John Dunton says he was 
well known for his practical treatises. He is 
supposed to be the writer of the epitaphs on 
Mrs. Bailey and Rev. Thomas Bailey, pre- 
served in the history of Watertown. 

HIS MANUSCRIPTS. 

Mr. Moodey wrote more sermons, perhaps, 
in the same number of years, than any other 
man of whom we have any account. The 
ninety-third volume of his manuscript sermons 



48 REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 

is in the library of the Mass. Hist. Society, 
the last of which is numbered 4070, and da- 
ted 30th September, 1688, which will average 
more than two and a half sermons a week for 
a period of thirty years, beginning at the time 
when he commenced his ministry at Ports- 
mouth, in 1658. Dr. Mather says that the 
number of his sermons had attained to several 
hundreds over four thousand at the time of his 
death, in 1697. In Alden's account of this 
man, mention is made of " a very solemn ex- 
hortation, delivered by this noted divine, March 
6, 1686, before the execution of a malefactor 
who had been convicted of murder." 

HIS FAMILY. 

Mr. Moodey was twice married, and had sev- 
eral children. It is probable, from Gov. Hutch- 
inson's papers, that he married a daughter 
of Edward Collins, of Cambridge, and sis- 
ter of Rev. John Collins, of London. His 
second wife was widow Ann Jacobs, of Ip- 
swich, who survived him. One of his daugh- 
ters, named Martha, married Rev. Jona- 
than Russell, of Barnstable, grandfather of 
Eleazer Russell, Esq., of Portsmouth. Anoth- 
er, Sarah, the second daughter, married Rev. 
John Pike, of Dover, N. H., several of whose 
children were baptized by their grandfather. 
Mr. Pike was a classmate of Mr. Russell's. 
The other daughter was Hannah. We do not 



REV. JOSHUA MOODEY. 49 

learn that lie had more than one son, Samuel, 
who was for several years a preacher at New- 
Castle, (Great Island.) 

HIS WILL. 

In his last will and testament, Mr. Moodey 
directs, " If I die in Portsmouth, my body 
shall be laid in the burying-place there, under 
the great stone, by the side of the oak, where I 
buried my first wife and the deceased children 
I had by her; — hereby strictly inhibiting 
those profuse expenses in mourning, or other- 
wise, so frequently wasted at funerals." To 
his children, he gives the following charge : 
" I do all also lay the solemn injunctions of a 
tender and dying father upon all my children, 
that they love one another dearly, and that 
there be no difference between them about any 
thing I shall leave them. And in order to the 
preventing any difference, I advise them to 
meet as soon as they may after my decease, 
and discourse and share matters between them, 
while the remembrance of a dead father is 
fresh and warm upon their souls." 



50 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

REV. SAMUEL MOODY, 

OF NEW CASTLE AND FALMOUTH.* 

Samuel Moody, son of Rev. Joshua Moody, 
of Portsmouth, was probably a native of Ports- 
mouth. We have not been able to learn the 
year of his birth, but find he was graduated at 
Harvard College in 1689, and was for several 
years a preacher at New Castle. In 1695, he 
married Esther, daughter of Nathaniel Green, 
of Boston, by whom he had two sons ; Joshua, 
born 31st Oct. 1697, and baptized in the First 
Church in Boston in 1698, and graduated at 
Harvard College, 1716 ; Samuel, born 29th 
Oct. 1699, studied physic, was a magistrate, 
and died at Brunswick, 1758, aged 59 ; they 
also had one daughter, Mary, born Nov. 16, 
1701, who was married to Edward Monntfort. 

It is said that about the first of the last cen- 
tury, he preached several years at the Isle of 
Shoals. His hearers were mostly fishermen, 
and he endeavored, as all ministers should, 
to adapt his discourses to the capacity and 
understanding of his people. Addressing them 
once on the occasion of a shipwreck, . he in- 
quired, — "Supposing, my brethren, any of 
you should be taken short in the bay, in 
a North East storm — your hearts trembling 
with fear — and nothing but death before 
you — whither would your thoughts turn ? 

* Now Portland. 






REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 51 

— what would you do?" He paused, and 
an untutored sailor, whose attention was ar- 
rested by the description of a storm at sea, 
supposing he waited for an answer, replied, 
" Why, in that case, d' ye see, I should imme- 
diately hoist the fore-sail, and scud away for 
Squam." — Farmer and Moore's Coll. 

After a while, he seems to have laid aside 
his calling as a preacher, and to have as- 
sumed that of a military commander. Whether 
this step was taken in consequence of the 
paucity of warriors, or the continued and 
malignant outrages of the Indians, or wheth- 
er it was because of the peculiar fitness 
and meetness of the man to deal with the 
wily, Jesuitical foe, history doth not inform 
us. He was a sort of spiritual Gideon, and 
felt, no doubt, that he was called upon to 
wield " the sword of the Lord, and of Gid- 
eon." He took command of a body of men 
in an expedition against the Indians at the 
eastward, and not unfrequently held a " talk " 
with them upon the matters in dispute. In 
Farmer and Moore's Collection, vol. i. pp. 58 

— 61, is a long letter of his, to the Govern- 
ment at Boston, giving an account of one of 
these interviews. Mr. Moody eventually lo- 
cated himself with the new settlers in Fal- 
mouth, and has always been regarded as one 
of the principal persons of " standing and 
worth" who assisted in building up that colo- 
ny. While at Falmouth, Mr. Moody performed 



52 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

many important services for the town. He 
took active and early measures for the estab- 
lishment of a preached gospel. His house was 
the resort for the minister and the school-mas- 
ter. He was the principal committee-man who 
invited Rev. Thos. Smith to settle in the town : 
and when " the first church that ever was set- 
tled to the eastward of Wells" was constitu- 
ted, " Major Samuel Moody was desired to en- 
tertain the messengers and ministers upon or- 
dination day," on which occasion he had the 
pleasure of receiving, among others, his cousin, 
Rev. Samuel Moody, of York, who made the 
first prayer at the ordination of Mr. Smith. 

The following further sketch is found in 
Willis's History of Portland. 

" Major Samuel Moody may justly be called 
the leader of the little colony at Falmouth. 
In 1705, he had the command of forty men, 
stationed at St. John's fort, Newfoundland ; 
in 1709 he commanded the fort at Casco. 
While here he had some correspondence with 
father Ralle, French missionary at Norridge- 
wock, and he became the organ of communica- 
tion repeatedly during the war between the 
Indians and our government. After the fort 
was dismantled, having had opportunities to 
become acquainted with the favorable localities 
of Falmouth, he concluded to fix his residence 
upon the Neck, to which he moved his family 
in 1716. His son Joshua graduated at Har- 
vard College the same year, and his second 



REV. JOSHUA MO ODE Y. 53 

son was then pursuing his studies at that insti- 
tution. They both became active inhabitants of 
the town. The acquisition of this respectable 
family was of great importance to the pros- 
perity of the infant settlement. It gave 
strength to its hopes, and afforded encourage- 
ment to others to select this as their place of 
residence. The confidence reposed in him by 
his townsmen and the government, may be in- 
ferred from the fact that he was chosen one of 
the selectmen seven years, and placed in other 
responsible places in town ; he was also ap- 
pointed by the government justice of the peace, 
at a time when that was truly a mark of dis- 
tinction, bestowed as such, and not for a fee, 
and one of the justices of the court of com- 
mon pleas for the county ; this office he held 
at the time of his death, which took place 
April 5, 1729,* in the 52d year of his age." 

* We think there must be an error in this date. If it be 
correct, it would make him but twelve years of age when he 
was graduated, which is not very probable. 



54 EEV. SA3TCEL MOODT. 

REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

OF FIRST FAXISH, TO*!, «- 

The subject of this memoir was the fourth 
son of Caleb Moody, of Newbury, and grand- 
son of William Moody, who came from Eng- 
land. He was born" at ry, Jan. 4th, 
nd was nephew of Rev. Joshua Moody, 
whose memoirs are given in the preceding 
pans, ffii father held a very respectable rank 
in a . and was the representative of Xew- 
burv in the General Court of Massachusetts, 
in the vears 1077 and Iff! * his early life 
we know nothing, but find that at the age of 
twentv-twohe had finished his education atHar- 
vard College, and graduated with the honors of 
that institution in the year lay, 
1698, he commenced preaching in York, and 
was regularlv ordained and settled over the first 
parish °in that place, in December. 
successor of Rev. Shubael Dummer, where he 
continued an eminently useful and successful 
minister of the gospel for near fifty years.* 
He was a man of remarkable piety, and was 
greatlv beloved and no less feared by the 
people of his charge, and to this day his 
praise is in all the churches. He was dis- 
tinguished alike for his eccentricities, his zeal 
as \ man of God, his remarkable faith and 

* Fmrme AMen'i Epitaphs; Greeofcaf* Eeekai- 

astical Si 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 55 

fervency in prayer, and his uncommon benev- 
olence. Hon. Mr. Sewall, in his topographical 
account of York, says that he was a man 
u whose fame equalled any gentleman of the 
clergy of that day." Rev. Dr. Chauncy 
names him as among the principal men of 
New England. 

Rev. Jotham Sewall, of Maine, in a let- 
ter published in the Boston Recorder, says : 
"Father Moody's first wife was Hannah 
Sewall, the only daughter of John Sewall, 
of Newbury, my great-grandfather. So that 
she was first cousin to Dr. Sewall, of the Old 
South Church, in Boston, and great-aunt to 
me. It is stated on her grave-stone, that she 
died, in sweet assurance, on January 29, 
1728, aged 51 years. Her monumental stone 
is large, and all filled up with commendations 
of her virtues and graces. I presume it was 
done by her husband." They had three chil- 
dren, viz : Rev. Joseph Moody, Pastor of the 
Second Church in York ; Mary, who became 
the wife of Rev. Joseph Emerson, of Maiden ; 
and Lucy, who died at an early age. 

About eight years before Mr. Moody's set- 
tlement at York, the place had received a 
terrible visitation from the Indians. Rev. 
Mr. Dummer was shot as he was mounting 
his horse at his own door, and his wife taken 
captive. Nearly the whole town was destroyed 
on the same day, there being fifty persons 
killed and one hundred taken captive. The 



56 EEY. SAMUEL MOODT. 

little settlement was well nigh disheartened. 
and were about abandoning the place, but find- 
support from the government, they were 
' r possessions ; and 
ut preaching for several years, 
finally settled Mr. . in the latter part 

of the year 1700. Mr. Moody preached in 
York for about two years previous to hi3 set- 
tlement there : during which time he also per- 
formed the services of Chaplain to the garri- 
son in that place. We find the following peti- 
tion amoug the records of : jnon wealth, 

h go to show his pious care for the people, 
and that their temporal circumstances were 

-uch as gi\ heighten his hope of 

worldly prosper: 

I m Excellency Richard, Earie of Bdlomont, 

Captain General and Gorernor-irt-Ckief in and over 

Itis Majesty's Prorince of tie Massachusetts Bay in 
yland. and to ike Honorable the Council and 

Representatives of the said Province, convened in 

General Assembly. June, 1699. 
u The petition of Samuel Moody, Preacher of the 

word of God at York, in the County of York, within 

the Province above said, 

" HUMBLY SHEWETH ; 

I 'hereas, this Honorable Court hath so far consid- 
ered the desolation and distress of the said town of 

York as to order an augmentation towards upholding 
the worship of God there, which is gratefully acknowl- 
edged by the inhabitants ; 

i :id wher ertain the said town is unable 

to afford a competent maintenance, and that there 
is as much need of help as ever, having no house for the 
ministry, and many remaining still destitute of habita- 
tions for themseh 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 57 

M Your petitioner, therefore, humbly prays in behalf 
of said town, and for the relief of himself and family, 
that you will please to order your petitioner such al- 
lowance for the last year, beginning the 18th of May, 
1698, as to your wisdom and justice shall seem fit 

•• And your petitioner, as in duty bound, shall 
pray," &c. Sam'l Moody. 

" House of Representatives, July 13, 1699. 
Read a first time. Read a second time July 15, and 
twelve pounds resolved to be given in answer to the 
petition aforesaid, out of the public treasury, to Mr. 
Samuel Moody, preacher of the word of God at York. 
" Sent up for concurrence, 

M Samuel Converse, Speaker. 
" July 18, 1699. Read in Council, and consented 
to, Isa. Addington, Secretary." 

The following is the certificate of his chap- 
laincy, found in the archives of this State : 

'• To the hon'ble ye Commissioners for Warr. 
"These may certify that Mr. Sam'l Moody hath 
served as a chaplain to the Garrison at York, from the 
18th of May last unto the dav of the date hereof. 
York, Ap. 20, 1699." 

Signed by the Selectmen. 

It is related in Sullivan's Historv of Maine, 
from which some of the preceding facts are 
gathered, that as late as 1746, only one 
year before Mr. Moody's death, the peo- 
ple used to attend public worship with their 
arms in their hands. For nearly the whole 
period of his ministry the country was in an 
unsettled state, either from the incursions of 
the Indians or the interference of the French, 
so that it required the faithful servants of God, 
who would labor for their divine Master in the 



58 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

thin and sparsely populated places, almost lit- 
erally to take their lives in their hands and go 
forth trusting in the God of Jacob. It is won- 
derful, in contemplating the ways of God, to 
see how he has ordered the arrangements of 
his providence, in raising up and adapting men 
to the times in which they live. The age in 
which Mr. Moody lived, and the circumstances 
by which he was surrounded, were not such as 
invited tame inactivity, or assisted in the pro- 
duction of philosophical and finely polished 
sermons. He had the boldness of Isaiah, as 
well as the fervor and directness of Paul, 
striking at once into the most stirring themes 
of the gospel, making the sinner feel its power 
and cower under its awful truths. Though he 
was modest and humble,, it is said that he 
feared the face of no man, and was an uncom- 
monly faithful reprover of wickedness, wherev- 
er he discovered it. He was absolute in his 
mode of government, and no one dared to dis- 
obey him in his family or congregation. 

HIS IMPORTUNITY IN PRAYER. 

He was a man of prayer, and was remark- 
able for his importunity at the throne of grace. 
Several anecdotes are related, to show that 
like a wrestling Jacob, he often wonderfully 
prevailed. 

" He stormed the gates of Heaven by fervent prayer, 
And brought forth triumph out of man's despair."' 

His prayer against the French fleet in 1746, 
is of this character. A large force was fitted 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 59 

out in France, with the intention of destroying 
the British Colonies for their daring work in 
taking Cape Breton the year before. It was 
heard of in this country ; help could not be 
expected from England, and consternation was 
depicted on almost every countenance. Rev. 
Jotham Sewall, in communicating this fact, 
says : "I was glad to have my early recol- 
lections confirmed, several years since, in a 
conversation with Col. Dummer Sewall, late 
of Bath, when he was almost ninety-two years 
of age. He was born and trained in York. 
I asked him if he remembered anything about 
the Chebucto fleet. He said " Yes, I recollect 
it, though I was quite young. I remember 
the consternation that was depicted on almost 
every one's countenance. But we had re- 
course to prayer. The church in York ap- 
pointed a day for the purpose, and on that oc- 
casion Father Moody, in praying against this 
fleet, brought to view the expressions made 
use of in the Scripture against Senacherib. 
" Put a hook in his nose, and a bridle in his 
lips ; turn him back again by the way that he 
came, that he shall not shoot an arrow here 
nor cast up a bank ; but by the way that he 
came, cause him to return.' ' By and by the 
old gentleman waxed warm, and raised his 
hands and his voice and cried out, " Good 
Lord, if there is no other way of defeating 
their enterprise, send a storm upon them, and 
sink them in the deep." It was found after- 



60 KEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

wards, that not far from that time a tremen- 
dous tempest burst upon that fleet, which scat- 
tered and shattered them, and foundered num- 
bers of them. A remnant of the fleet got into 
Chebueto, (the Indian name of the harbor of 
Halifax.) The commander-in-chief was so dis- 
heartened, supposing all the rest was lost, that 
he put an end to his own life. The second in 
command did the same. The third in com- 
mand was not competent to the undertaking. 
A mortal sickness prevailed among the troops, 
and great numbers of them laid their bones in 
Chebucto. They finally packed up their all, 
and went back to France without striking a 
blow. " Never," says an able and pious wri- 
ter, " was the hand of Divine Providence more 
visible than on this occasion ; never a disap- 
pointment more severe on the side of the ene- 
my ; never deliverance in favor of this country 
more complete, without human help." The 
troops on board the fleet, when they left 
France, it is said, amounted to eight thousand, 
with arms and ammunition to arm four thou- 
sand Indians. Their intention was to destroy 
the British colonies ; and so confident were 
they of success, that the Admiral carried a 
broom at his mast-head, intimating that he 
would sweep all before him ; and if God had 
not interfered, in answer to prayer, it seems as 
if they would have accomplished their object, for 
England had enough to do that year to quell the 
Scotch rebellion. A Christian community as- 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 61 

cribed the praise of their success and salva- 
tion to that Almighty Being, who caused the 
stars in their courses to fight against Sisera, 
and ever controls the destinies of man ; and 
many regarded this remarkable prayer of Fath- 
er Moody as the prayer of the righteous man 
that availeth much with God.* 

HIS GREAT FAITH. 

His faith was most extraordinary. In a 
number of instances, when entirely destitute 
of some of the necessaries of life, Mr. Moody 
has retired to his closet to look to Him who 
provides for every living thing, and to the 
astonishment of his family, supplies were 
opportunely and abundantly afforded, from 
quarters and under circumstances totally un- 
expected. His faith was often tried, but it 
was blessed. His wife told him, one morning, 
that they had nothing for dinner. He replied 
that this was nothing to her ; what she had 
to do was to set the table, as usual, when the 
dinner hour came. Accordingly, when the 
hour came, she set the table, spread the 
cloth, and put on the plates ; and just then 
a neighbor brought in a good dinner all 
cooked. 

On another occasion, Mrs. Moody told him, 
one Saturday morning, that they had no wood. 
" Well, ,, he replied, " I must go into my 

* Letter from Rev. Jotham Sewall ; Williamson's Maine ; 
Belknap's Hist. New Hampshire. 

6 



62 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

study, and Grod will provide for us." During 
the day, a Quaker called in, and asked for 
Mr. Moody. Mr. Moody appeared, and the 
Quaker said to him, " Friend Moody, I was 
carrying a load of wood to neighbor A. B., 
and just as I got opposite thy door, my sled 
broke down, and if thee will accept of the 
wood, I will leave it here." Mr. Moody told 
him that it was very seasonable, and would be 
very acceptable, for he was then entirely out 
of wood. 




erson, of Maiden, daughter ofFaThertfooay, 
to the wife of a clergyman. And Mrs. Em- 
erson confirmed the remarkable accounts of 
her father's faith.* 

At a certain time great ravages were made 
by the canker worm, which well nigh destroy- 
ed every green thing. In the general distress 
a day of fasting was observed to implore the 
removal of the scourge ; and on that day Mr. 
Moody officiated for his son-in-law, Kev. J. 
Emerson, of Maiden. The late Deacon Sam- 
uel Waitt, of M., used to tell the story as he 
had often heard it from his own father, who 
was an eye-witness of the affair. A very aged 
lady yet living, tells it as she received it from 
her grandmother. Dea. Waitt's father said 
that when they went to the meeting-house that 
morning, the canker-worms were so numerous 
that you could scarce set down the foot with- 

* Writer in the Christian Mirror, Feb. 17, 1842. 



BEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 63 

out crushing them by the score. The lady re- 
ferred to not only alluded to the same circum- 
stance, but said that as she crossed the stone 
walls on her way, she saw them hanging on 
the bushes, as she was wont to phrase it, " in 
pecks." 

Mr. Moody's text was from Mai. iii. 11 : 
" I will rebuke the devour er for your sakes." 
As he became warmed with his subject, he 
seemed filled with a sort of prophetic fire, and 
at last appealed to his hearers in terms like 
the following : — " Brethren, here is the prom- 
ise of God ! Do you believe it ? Will you 
repose full confidence in it ? I believe it, and 
feel an assurance in my soul that God will 
bring it to pass." It was given to him accord- 
ing to his faith : for when the somewhat pro- 
tracted service was done, the destroyer had 
disappeared at the rebuke of the Lord. Not 
one of the insects, which had been so multitu- 
dinous, was to be seen alive. The father of 
Dea. Waitt said that he saw them lying dead 
in " little windrows " on the shores of the 
creek which runs through the town. These 
were probably left by the receding of the tide- 
water which had been draining from the mead- 
ows. 

It were too much to regard this as a modern 
miracle, or as the fruit of a miracle-working 
faith. That the facts took place as stated, is 
a uniform " tradition of the elders " in that 
pleasant village. The Christian view of the 



64 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

subject would seem to be, that it was one of 
those cases in which God answers prayer by 
means of natural agencies, as in the ordinary 
course of his providential governmeDt of the 
world. We know that many of the insect 
tribes pass through their organic changes, all 
of them nearly at once : and some such change 
may have occurred just at that particular junc- 
ture. The local tradition is, that the phenom- 
enon of the sudden disappearance of the de- 
stroyer, was owing to a sudden change in the 
weather. This cause might well account for 
the effect, so as to take away the preternatu- 
ral aspect of the story. But it ought not to 
be forgotten, that such atmospheric changes 
may be wrought by the providence of God, as 
his special answer to believing prayer ; and 
this is the explanation which a devout and 
Christian philosophy would give. 

HE LIVED BY FAITH. 

When he was settled in York, he refused to 
receive a stipulated salary, but chose to live 
on the voluntary contributions of the people, 
though it has been said he would not advise 
others to do so. But as he had settled in that 
way, he chose to see it through, for he prefer- 
red to live by faith. The parish built him 
a house, appropriated a spot for a parsonage, 
and hired a man to manage it, while Mr. 
Moody literally knew not any thing that he 



REV. SAMUEL MOODT. 65 

possessed.* In one of his sermons, he men- 
tions that he had been supported twenty years 
in a way most pleasing to him, and had been 
under no necessity of spending one hour in a 
week in care for the world. Yet, he was 
sometimes reduced almost to want, though his 
confidence in the kind Providence of God 
never failed him. When he had gotten to be 
old, an article was inserted in a warrant for a 
parish meeting, " to see if the Parish would 
settle a salary upon Mr. Moody." He heard 
of it, and attended the meeting. When that 
article was called up to be acted upon, he op- 
posed it ! His friends remarked that he had 
gotten to be old, and had but a poor support, 
and what little he did get came from his best 
friends, and that it operated very unequally 
in the parish. He replied, " Who are my 
best friends ? " Without waiting for an an- 
swer, he enumerated a number of persons him- 
self, and then said, " Are not these my best 
friends ? " It was admitted. " Well, are they 
not the best livers in town ? " It was granted 
that they were well to pass as to property. 
He replied, " Yea, and they always will be so, 
as long as they lay themselves out for the sup- 
port of the gospel. f 

* Greenleaf s Ecclesiastical Sketches of Maine, 
t Allen's Biog. Die. ; Rev. Jotham Sewall. 

6* 



66 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 



HIS BENEVOLENCE. 

His benevolence was unbounded. His wife, 
as well as others, thought he was too lavish of 
his little, when any one applied to him for as- 
sistance in distress. To put a check upon his 
liberality, and give him time to consider, she 
made him a new purse, and when she had 
shifted the change into it, she tied the strings 
in several knots, so that he might have time 
for reflection while untying them. Not long 
after, a poor person asked alms of him. He 
took out his purse, and attempted to untie the 
strings ; but finding it difficult, he told the per- 
son he believed the Lord intended he should 
give the whole ! and so gave purse and change 
together ; so that Madam Moody's contrivance 
to save a little, proved to be rather a losing 
experiment.* We understand a similar anec- 
dote is related of Rev. John Elliot, the apostle 
to the Indians. 

On one occasion, when he was going to Bos- 
ton to attend a great Convention or Confer- 
ence, accompanied by Elder Seward as a dele- 
gate, he saw a poor man in the hands of the 
officers, who were taking him to jail for debt. 
Father Moody inquired the amount for which 
he was to be imprisoned, and found he had 
sufficient to defray the debt, which he immedi- 
ately did, and the poor man was liberated. 
" Elder Seward," said he to his companion, 

* Eev. Jotham Sewall, in the Christian Mirror. 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 67 

" I must depend upon you to bear the expen- 
ses of my journey, for I have nothing left." 
The Elder ventured respectfully to question 
the propriety and prudence of his conduct in 
thus rendering Ifimself so dependent ; but the 
old clergyman replied, "Elder Seward, does 
not the Bible say, ' cast thy bread upon the 
waters, and thou shalt find it after many 
days?'" 

Towards evening he reached the city ; and 
the good people of the city, then, as now, 
ever ready to bestow attention upon talent and 
piety, came out upon Boston Common, to see 
the famous Father Moody. Elder Seward 
did not fail to relate the morning's adventure, 
and after they had retired to their lodgings, a 
waiter brought Father Moody a sealed packet. 
He opened it, and found it contained the pre- 
cise sum which he had given to the poor man 
in the morning. Whether it was the bene- 
faction of some one benevolent individual, or 
the proceeds of a subscription, the deponent 
saith not ; but the old man turned to his com- 
panion exclaiming, " Elder Seward ! I cast 
my bread upon the waters in the morning, 
and behold ! it is returned to me in the even- 
ing." —Lowell Offering, Vol. ii. No. 1. 

It is related, that on a cold, frosty morning, 
a poor woman came into his house without any 
shoes on her feet. Learning, on inquiry, that 
she wa3 destitute of those necessary articles, 
he went to the bedside and took his wife's only 



68 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

pair of shoes and gave them to the poor wo- 
man. When his wife arose she made diligent 
search for her shoes, hut on Father Moody's 
coming into the room he told her he had 
given them away to a poor woman. " Dear 
Mr. Moody," said she, " how could you do so, 
when you knew they were all the shoes I had 
in the world ?" He replied, " Oh never mind 
it, dear wife, the Lord will send in another 
pair before night, I doubt not." In the course 
of the forenoon a neighbor brought in a pair of 
new shoes, stating that they were too small for 
his wife, and he thought he would bring them 
over to give to Mrs. Moody, if she would like 
them. Of course they were received. 

HIS APTNESS AT QUOTING SCRIPTURE. 

His aptness at quoting and applying scrip- 
ture was known to be proverbial. One of his 
parishioners observing that he was in the habit, 
when performing table services, of quoting 
some passage of scripture descriptive of the 
food provided, was desirous to know what he 
could find in the Bible to suit shell-fish. He 
provided a dinner of clams, and invited Mr. 
Moody to dine with him. In returning thanks 
after the refreshment, he blessed the Lord, that 
he not only furnished supplies from the pro- 
duce of the fields, and flocks and herds ; but 
permitted them to " suck of the abundance of 
the seas, and of the treasures hid in the sand" 



BEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 69 



HIS ECCENTRICITIES. 



His eccentricities were very striking, and 
under this head we might place nearly his 
whole memoir. Rev. Joseph Emerson, of 
Maiden, married Father Moody's only daugh- 
ter, Mary. When he took his wife to see her 
father, he usually spent the Sabbath, and 
preached for him. He wrote his sermons out 
accurately, pretty much in full, before deliv- 
ering them. Numbers of Mr. Moody's hear- 
ers were very much taken up with Mr. Emer- 
son's sermons, and ever ready to say, " Oh ! 
what instructive sermons ! — we can learn 
something from them." Father Moody found 
it out, and thought with himself, " If I should 
sometimes write a sermon in full, it may be 
that I shall do good to these people, that I 
cannot benefit in my rambling way of preach- 
ing," for he wrote but little, and often noth- 
ing, for his pulpit preparations. So, for a 
variety, he wrote a sermon out in full, and be- 
gan his meeting on the Sabbath, calculating to 
read it to his people. He proceeded on a 
while, and then stopped and looked around 
upon his hearers, and said, " Emerson must 
be Emerson, and Moody must be Moody. I 
feel as if my head was in a bag. You call 
Moody a rambling preacher, and it is true 
enough ; but he is just fit to catch up rambling 
sinner 'S. You are all run away from the 
Lord." And on he went in his old way, re- 



70 KEV. SAMUEL MOODr. 

solved not to be trammeled at that rate. It 
was like the coat of mail to David ; he had 
not proved it. 

At a certain time, the church under his 
care got into difficulty. At a church meeting, 
finding it difficult to get along with their busi- 
ness, they concluded, by his advice, to adjourn 
for a season, and pray for light and direction. 
On the next Sabbath, Mr. Moody preached 
from the following text : 2 Chron. 20 : 12, 
" Neither know we what to do ; but our eyes 
are upon thee." After some introductory re- 
marks, he stated this for his doctrine : " When 
a person or people are in such a situation that 
they know not what to do, they should not do 
they know not what ; but their eyes should be 
unto the Lord for direction," 

He was remarkable for back-handed strokes, 
and odd expressions in preaching. He, at 
one time, had a hired man, by the name of 
John Pike. John could sing. He attended 
a lecture, on some occasion, at a private house. 
There was no one present that could tune the 
psalm, but John. So after he had read his 
psalm or hymn for singing, he spoke to John 
to set the psalm. He obeyed. After they 
had got through with the singing, he ad- 
dressed his chorister in this manner : " John, 
you never shall set the psalm again in the 
world ; you are ready to burst with pride." 

At a time when a number of his brethren in 
the ministry were together at his house, on 



REV. SAMUEL MOODT. 71 

some occasion, they undertook to call him to 
an account for his odd expressions in preach- 
ing, and told him they did not think he did 
right. " Why, what have I done ? " said he. 
They told him what expressions they had heard 
of his using, and then said, " Father Moody, 
you know whether it is so or not ; if it is so, 
we do think you ought to be more careful, lest 
you bring reproach upon the profession, and 
injure the good cause you advocate." He 
made no reply, but went up into his study, 
and was gone a few minutes. When he re- 
turned, he brought a memorandum of twenty 
or thirty instances of hopeful conversion that 
had taken place under preaching, in which he 
used just such expressions as they objected 
against. He read sermons over to them, with 
the expressions, names, and dates, &c. They 
looked on one another with silent astonishment, 
for a little while, and then one of them ob- 
served, " If the Lord owns Father Moody's 
oddities, I believe we must let him take his 
own way." So the storm blew over. 

When Mr. Moody was on a journey, I think 
in the western part of Massachusetts, he called 
on a brother in the ministry, on Saturday, 
thinking to spend the Sabbath with him, if 
agreeable. The man appeared very glad to 
see him, and said, " I should be very glad to 
have you stop and preach for me to-morrow ; 
but I feel almost ashamed to ask you." " Why, 
what is the matter ? " said Mr. Moody. " Why, 



72 REV. SAMUEL MOODF. 

our people have got into such a habit of going 
out before meeting is closed, that it seems to 
be an imposition upon a stranger." " If that 
is all, I must and will stop and preach for 
you," was Mr. Moody's reply. "When the 
Sabbath day came, and Mr. Moody had 
opened the meeting and named his text, he 
looked round on the assembly, and said, " My 
hearers, I am going to speak to two sorts of 
folks to-day, saints and sinners. Sinners, I 
am going to give you your portion first, and I 
would have you give good attention." When 
he had preached to them as long as he thought 
best, he paused, and said, " There, sinners, I 
have done with you now ; you may take your 
hats and go out of the meeting-house as soon 
as you please ! " But all. tarried and heard 
him through. — Sew all. 

HIS SUCCESS IN THE MINISTRY. 

With all Mr. Moody's oddities, he was emi- 
nent for piety, and was a remarkably useful 
minister of the gospel. Says the Rev. John 
Haven, in a sermon delivered at the re-open- 
ing and dedication of the meeting-house of the 
First Congregational Parish in York : " Pow- 
erful revivals were witnessed in this place 
during Mr. Moody's ministry, and large addi- 
tions made to the church, which is said to have 
contained between three hundred and four 
hundred members before he left it. He fear- 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 73 

lessly preached what are termed the humbling 
doctrines of the cross. The church records 
having been consumed when the parsonage 
house was burned, in the spring of 1742, it is 
impossible to present so definite an account of 
Mr. Moody's success in the ministry, as oth- 
erwise could be done. Hence I will simply 
add, that after forty-seven years of faithful 
labor, he fell asleep in Jesus, leaving one of 
the most flourishing societies, and the largest 
church in the State, to mourn his loss." 

The records of the church at York say: 
"As a zealous and faithful man of God, he 
was extensively known. He was looked upon 
in his day with uncommon respect, both for 
his talents and piety. His published discour- 
ses are still read. His ardent piety, as well as 
his eccentricities, will be long remembered, 
and his memory devoutly cherished, by gener- 
ations yet to come. The ministry of Mr. Moody 
was singularly blessed to the people. During 
his ministry, religion was very prosperous in 
this place. About the year 1741, a general 
revival of religion commenced, and many were 
hopefully converted and gathered into the 
church ; but the present number cannot now 
be ascertained. While he was pastor, it was 
the practice to choose and ordain elders. At 
his death, this church had arrived at its height 
of prosperity, and contained three hundred 
and seventeen members, in full communion. " 

In his younger years he often preached be- 



74 BEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

yond the limits of his own parish, and wherever 
he went the people hung upon his lips. In 
one of his excursions, he went as far as Prov- 
idence, where his exertions were the means of 
laying the foundation of a Congregational 
church, and the town voted, May 18, 1724, 
to give from three to four pounds annually to 
assist Mr. Moody. So long a journey, at that 
early day, and with the limited means of con- 
veyance then at hand, must have been regard- 
ed as quite a missionary tour. He was a zeal- 
ous friend to the revival of religion which oc- 
curred throughout the country a short time 
before his death. And though his ministry 
had been singularly blessed, yet it seems that 
it was reserved to some of his later years to 
see among his people some of the most won- 
derful displays of saving mercy. It was 
about the year 1741 that he received a visit 
from the Rev. George Whitefield, a celebrated 
young itinerant minister, whose fine talents 
and fervent piety drew from his auditory the 
strongest expressions of praise in all the 
churches. " His imagination was luminous and 
lively, and his heart full of religious sensibili- 
ties. The tones of his clear and musical voice 
he could strikingly adapt to the sentiment, 
and his gestures, frequent and forcible, were 
above all rules of art ; for they were the true 
impulses and graces of nature. Though he 
spoke without notes, and used plain language, 
yet, by a happy choice of words and figures of 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 75 

speech, he enforced and illustrated his discour- 
ses with wonderful effect. In general his doc- 
trines were in conformity to the sentiments 
of the Episcopal Church ; he preached the re- 
mission of sins through the atoning merits of 
a Redeemer ; and in his supplications a spirit 
of grace seemed to take possession of his 
whole soul, and carry him and all who heard 
him to the mercy-seat and the throne. Mr. 
Whitefield visited York, Wells, and Biddeford, 
where he preached to crowded assemblies, that 
were both captivated and melted with the life 
and copiousness of his sermons. Churches 
were refreshed, souls were converted, and the 
settled ministers — Messrs. Moody, Jefferds, 
Smith, Willard, and Elvens — who were at 
that time all " burning and shining lights " at 
the altar, partook largely of the thrill and in- 
fluences with which the preacher himself was 
animated. — Williamson'' s Maine. 

To give " attestations " to these and similar 
awakenings, in different parts of New England, 
Mr. Moody met in Convention with a company 
of ninety ministers, in Boston, July 7, 1743. 
He favored the revival, and the preaching of 
Whitefield, but gave no countenance to separ- 
ations or disorders of any kind. 

Mr. Whitefield returned to New England 
in 1744, and landed at York on the 19th of 
October. It is recorded that the good Mr. 
Moody called on him, and said, " Sir, you are, 
first, welcome to America ; secondly, to New 



76 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

England; thirdly, to all faithful ministers in 
New England ; fourthly, to all the good peo- 
ple of New England ; fifthly, to all the good 
people of York ; and sixthly and lastly, to me, 
dear sir, less than the least of all." At Mr. 
Moody's earnest request, after some hesitation 
he preached, and immediately went to Ports- 
mouth.* 

EXPEDITION TO LOUISBURG. 

In 1745, only two years before Mr. Moody's 
death, and when he had arrived at the ad- 
vanced age of seventy years, he accompanied 
the American army as Chaplain, on the cele- 
brated Cape Breton expedition. He must 
have possessed a very strong constitution, to 
have retained a vigor sufficient to have enabled 
him to perform this fatiguing voyage of 
six or seven hundred miles. The American 
army was triumphant. An uncommon series 
of providential interpositions, gave the strong- 
est fortress in America into the hands of the 
Provincial and British naval forces. And it 
was at a dinner given by Sir William Pep- 
perell, after the surrender of Louisburg, 
and in commemoration of that event, that Mr. 
Moody craved that remarkable blessing, at the 
table, which was at once concise and to the admi- 
ration as well as disappointment of all present. 
Sir William, and others, knowing Mr. Moody's 

* Great Awakening, p. 341. 



EEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 77 

prolixity on such occasions, were fearful lest 
the dinner might get cold, or the British offi- 
cers offended, or both ; yet knowing Mr. 
Moody's arbitrary and independent disposition, 
no one could take the liberty to suggest to him, 
that brevity in his address to the Throne of 
Grace, in that instance, was desirable. When 
all was ready, the chief in command spoke to 
Mr. Moody that dinner was ready. He, all 
unconscious of their feelings, approached the 
table, and lifting up his hands, disappointed 
them very agreeably by expressing himself in 
this apt and laconic manner : — " Lord, we 
have so many things to thank thee for, that 
time will be infinitely too short to do it ; we 
must therefore leave it for the work of Eter- 
nity. Bless our food and fellowship on this 
joyful occasion, for Christ's sake. Amen." 

His anxious friends were so agreeably dis- 
appointed, they took it down in writing, and 
brought it home, and by that means, (says a 
letter from Rev. Jotham Sewall) I obtained a 
correct account of this short and comprehen- 
sive blessing. 

It is worthy of remark, that while the 
father was on this eventful and trying expe- 
dition, his son, Rev. Joseph Moody, was at 
home in his own church, making one of those 
wrestling, overcoming, conquering prayers, 
which only has its antitype in the patriarchs 
and prophets of old. 

When Mr. Moody was solicited by Sir Wil- 



78 KEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

liam Pepperell to go as chaplain upon this ex- 
pedition, it is said he entered upon it with 
great zeal, and predicted that Louisburg would 
be taken, and that he should cut down the 
cross and images, the objects of Papal wor- 
ship. Some of his friends undertook to dis- 
suade him from his purpose ; but he said, " No, 
there never was a bullet made to hurt him." 
On stepping on board the vessel at Boston, he 
seized an axe exclaiming, the Sword of the 
Lord and of Gtideon ; and after the place 
was taken, he shouldered his axe and went 
up to the images, and actually cut them 
down with his own hands, as he had pre- 
dicted.* 

And in the Mass House there, he preached 
the first Protestant sermon ever heard on the 
Island, from these words : " Enter into his 
gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts 
with praise : be thankful unto him, and bless 
his name. For the Lord is good ; his mercy- 
is everlasting ; and his truth endureth to all 
generations." — Ps. 100 : 4, 5. 

MISCELLANEOUS ANECDOTES. 

There are many anecdotes of Mr. Moody 
still in circulation, some of them are of a very 
interesting nature, and may well serve as illus- 
trations of his character. For some of the 
following we are indebted to the Lowell Offer- 

* Appendix in the Memoir of Eev. Joseph Emerson. 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 79 

iDg of 1842, the Editress of which claims to 
be a descendant of this famous old divine. 

A young clergyman was once visiting him, 
and on the morning of the Sabbath, he asked 
him if he would not preach. " Oh, no, Father 
Moody," was the young gentleman's reply ; " I 
am travelling for my health, and wish to be 
entirely relieved from clerical duties. Be- 
sides, you, sir, are a distinguished father in Is- 
rael, and one whom I have long wished to 
have an opportunity of hearing, and I hope 
to day for that gratification." 

" Well," said the old man, as they wended 
their way to the meeting house, " you will sit 
with me in the pulpit ?" 

It was perfectly immaterial, the young min- 
ister replied : he could sit in the pulpit or 
the pew, as Father Moody preferred. So 
when they entered the meeting house, Father 
Moody stalked on, turned his companion up 
the pulpit stairs, and went himself into the 
parsonage pew. 

The young man looked rather blank when 
he found himself alone, and waited a long 
while for his host to u come to the rescue." 
But there Father Moody sat before him as 
straight and stiff as a stake or statue, and find- 
ing there was to be no reprieve for him, he open- 
ed the Bible, and went through with the ex- 
ercises. Perhaps the excitement caused by 
this strange treatment might have enlivened 
his brain ; at all events, he preached remarka- 



80 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

bly well. After the conclusion of the services 
Father Moody arose in his pew, and said to 
the congregation, " My friends, we have had 
an excellent discourse this morning, from our 
young brother ; but you are all indebted to me 
for it." 

Perhaps it was the same young clergyman, 
(and we should not wonder if it were the very 
night after this clerical joke,) of whom the 
following anecdote is related. He requested 
his guest to lead the evening household ser- 
vice, but was answered by a request to be ex- 
cused. " But you will pray with us," exclaimed 
the old man. " No, Father Moody, I wish to be 
excused." " But you must pray." " No, sir, 
I must be excused." " But you shall pray." 
" No, sir, I shall be excused." " But I com- 
mand you to pray." " Mr. Moody ! " replied 
the young man, in a determined voice, "you 
need not attempt to browbeat me, for I won't 
pray." " Well, well," exclaimed the old gen- 
tleman, in a discomfited tone, " I believe you 
have more brass in your face, than grace in 
your heart." 

A daughter of President Edwards was once 
at his house, upon a visit. " I shall remem- 
ber you in my public prayers this morning," 
said he to her one Sabbath as -they started for 
the meeting. " No ! oh, no ! Father Moody, I 
beg of you not to do so. I entreat of you 
not to do it." But in his morning service, he 
did pray for the young lady who was then an 



EEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 81 

inmate of his family, the daughter of one of 
the most distinguished divines ; and while all 
eyes were probably directed to the parsonage 
pew, he continued, " she begged me not to 
mention her in my prayers, but I told her / 
would." 

Father Moody was very direct and fearless 
in his rebukes to the evil-doers ; and he wished 
always to see them shrink and cower beneath 
his reproof and frown ; but in one instance at 
least, he was not gratified. 

Col. Ingrahame, a wealthy parishioner, had 
retained his large stock of corn, in a time of 
great scarcity, in hopes of raising the price. 
Father Moody heard of it, and resolved upon 
a public attack upon the transgressor. So he 
arose in his pulpit, one Sabbath, and named as 
his text, Prov. 11, 26, "He that withholdeth 
corn, the people shall curse him ; but blessing 
shall be upon the head of him that selleth it." 
Col. Ingrahame could not but know to whom 
reference was made ; but he held up his head 
and faced his pastor, with a look of stolid in- 
difference. Father Moody went on with some 
very applicable remarks, but Col. Ingrahame 
still pretended not to understand the allusion. 
Father Moody grew very warm, and became 
still more direct in his remarks upon matters 
and things. But Col. Ingrahame still held up 
his head, as high, and perhaps a little higher 
than ever, and would not put on the coat so 
aptly prepared for him. Father Moody at 



82 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

length lost all patience, " Col. Ingrahame ! " 
said he, " Col. Ingrahame ! you know that I 
mean you ; why don't you hang down your 

HEAD.' 

Mrs. Ingrahame, the Colonel's lady, was 
very fond of fine dress, and sometimes appear- 
ed at meeting in a style not exactly accordant 
with her Pastor's ideas of christian female 
propriety. One morning she came sweeping 
into church, in a new hooped dress, which was 
then very fashionable. " Here she comes," 
said Father Moody, from the pulpit ; " here 
she comes, top and topgallant, rigged most 
beautifully, and sailing most majestically ; but 
she has a leak that will sink her to hell." 

One day seeing two wild geese passing over, 
he hastily took down his gun, and made a sort 
of ejaculatory prayer and promise, that if the 
Lord would give him both of them, he would 
give the best one to his poor neighbor. He 
fired and brought them both down. One of 
them was a nice, fat, large bird ; while the 
other was very inferior in quality. He took 
them both in to his wife, and requested her to 
dress the best one for the poor widow over the 
way. His wife objected, and wished him to 
reserve that one for their own use. " No, no, 
Mrs. Moody," replied her husband, " the Lord 
shall have the best, according to promise," and 
he carried it to the poor woman, as an offering 
to the Lord, in defiance of his wife's objec- 
tions. 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 83 

He was a spiritual monarch among his peo- 
ple, and his church was so large that this cir- 
cumstance alone, gave him a high distinction. 
He once made an exchange with the minister 
of Rye, and it was noised around in the latter 
place, that a minister would preach for them 
who had so many hundred members in Ms 
church. This caused the meeting house to be 
filled to overflowing, and among others was a 
young lady, the belle of the town, greatly ad- 
dicted to dress and finery. Under the influ- 
ence of Father Moody's eloquence, she was 
entirely changed. She renounced all her frip- 
pery, and became eminent for sobriety, meek- 
ness, and devotion. 

One evening Father Moody was told of a 
certain man who did not pray in his family. 
He immediately ordered his horse, and forth- 
with was on his way to the man's house. When 
he arrived it was late, and the family had all 
retired for the night. Mr. Moody soon roused 
them, and told the man what he had heard. 
The poor culprit acknowledged the truth of 
the allegation. "Well," said Father Moody, 
" you are living in a great sin : you must do 
it no longer ! " The man replied that he could 
not pray ; he did not possess the gift of pray- 
er ; but Father Moody told him he could pray 
and he should pray. " I will not leave the 
house," continued he, " until I hear you pray." 
He pressed, and urged the affair, until the man 
in agony of spirit exclaimed, " Lord t teach 



84 KEV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

me to pray ! " " Well done," responded Father 
M., " that is a good prayer ; you have begun 
excellently ; I am satisfied ; now go ahead, and 
as the purpose of my visit is accomplished, I 
will bid you good night. " 

Father Moody, when returning from one of 
his parochial visits, fell in with a stranger. 
Religious conversation was soon introduced, 
and he, without reluctance, joined in it. He 
demurred to many of Father Moody's propo- 
sitions. He denied that many of the doc- 
trines then, as now, considered the very pith 
and cream of orthodoxy, were true. He de- 
clared that the Bible did not teach them, and 
supported his declarations by a whole array of 
passages from the Holy Scriptures. Our good 
minister was amazed and perplexed. He had 
never before engaged so bold and stiff an an- 
tagonist. He could not defeat the man, and 
with much difficulty escaped being defeated 
by him. " And who," thought he, " can this 
creature be ? He cannot be a son of New 
England, or of Old England, or of any part of 
Christian Europe ; he must be the Evil One 
himself." Full of this persuasion, he returned 
home and told Madam Moody that he had been 
disputing with the devil. "And what," in- 
quired she, "did the old fellow say?" 
" Why," replied Father M., " he said that the 
doctrines of original sin, and effectual calling, 
and an eternal hell, are not contained in the 
Bible ; and he quoted abundance of Scripture 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 85 

to support his blasphemy." "But did the 
devil quote Scripture ? " said Madam, who par- 
took of the common notion that the Evil One 
could not frame his mouth to utter such sacred 
words. " Yes, yes," answered the old man, 
" and enough of it too. But mind you ! he 
quoted it in a devilish way." 

The following additional anecdotes have re- 
cently come to our knowledge : 

In the time of the revival, as he was going 
to one of the meetings which he had appointed, 
he overtook a poor lame woman, oppressed 
with a sense of her sins, who was slowly 
making her way to the same place. He reined 
up his horse, and told her to get up on the 
fence and jump on the pillion behind him. 
She thanked him, but modestly declined the 
civility. " Yes, yes," said he, "jump on ; the 
time has now come when the lame shall leap for 
joy." So she rode behind Father Moody to 
meeting, and in a few days her heart did leap for 
the spiritual joy it found in believing in Jesus. 

Father Moody was very thorough in search- 
ing out any cases of disagreement or disaffec- 
tion among the members of his church or peo- 
ple. One day, he heard of three families, 
living in one house, in a distant part of his 
parish, who did not speak with or visit each 
other. He said it must not be, and called for 
his horse and started off. When he arrived at 
the house, he met with a most welcome recep- 
tion by one of the families, and was invited 
8 



86 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

in. After tarrying awhile, and when about 
making preparations to go, he was invited to 
pray. " Oh ! yes," said he, " I ajn never too 
much in a hurry to pray ; but you have other 
folks in the house ; please call them in." " No, 
they don't come in here." "Don't they? 
well, then, I will go in and see them." In the 
second family he found the same difficulty ex- 
isting as in the first. He then went into the 
third, and after due conversation proposed for 
them to call in their neighbors, and engage in 
prayer. " Oh ! no," said they, " we do n't visit 
each other." " Well, then," said the perse- 
vering minister, " I '11 take the deviVs stand 
in the entry, and all of you come to your doors 
while I pray." They all did so, and, ever af- 
ter that, they were good friends. 

He once owned a very fine horse. Many 
persons had tried to buy him, but all to no 
purpose ; he was determined not to part with 
him. All at once his horse became a great 
affliction to him, and he sent for one of his 
neighbors, and entreated him to take him away. 
" Why, what 's the matter, Father Moody, 
with your horse ? I thought he was perfectly 
gentle and kind, and you would not part with 
him." " Oh ! he goes right up with me into 
the pulpit, and I cannot have him there — I 
will not have him there." 

The school-house was hard by the parsonage, 
and the boys one summer began to make too 
free use of his apples. This annoyed Mrs. 
Moody exceedingly. She told Mr. Moody of 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 87 

the trouble, and how dreadfully wicked it was 
for the boys to steal. "Well, well," said he, 
"I '11 put a stop to that." So off he went to 
the school-house, and gave the boys a lecture 
on the sin of stealing ; and then said, " Now, 
boys, whenever you want any apples, go right 
into my orchard, and get just as many as you 
wish ; you need not steal them." He came 
back, and told Mrs. Moody the boys would not 
steal any more apples. 

He was an irritable man, though he was con- 
stantly watchful against this infirmity, and was 
ever ready to confess it even to children and 
servants. On one occasion when he had been 
led to say some ill-advised things, after a mo- 
ment's reflection, the tears started from his 
eyes, and he began to bewail his folly, and ex- 
exclaimed, " Oh ! if it was not for the example 
of the Jewish Prophet Jonah, left on sacred 
record, / should have no hope of myself/ " 
He once went into a tavern, and among a num- 
ber of gamblers found a member of his church. 
In his indignation, he seized hold of him, and 
cast him out at the door. 

On the occasion of a certain ordination at 
Portsmouth, the Rev. Jonathan Edwards, of 
Northampton, was appointed to preach ; but 
from some cause he was unexpectedly detained 
on the road, and did not appear at the ap- 
pointed time. The Council delayed the ordi- 
nation as long as they could, and then pro- 
ceeded to the church without him. Father 
Moody was present, and they called on him as 



88 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

a substitute. He was requested to make the 
introductory prayer, immediately before the 
sermon. In that part of it in which it was 
proper for him to allude to the exercises of the 
day, he besought the Lord that they might be 
suitably humbled under the frown of his provi- 
dence, in not being permitted to hear, as they 
had all fondly expected, a discourse from " that 
eminent servant of God, the Rev. Mr. Edwards 
of Northampton ;" and proceeded to thank God 
for raising him up, to be such a burning and 
shining light, for his uncommon piety, for his 
great excellence as a preacher, for the remark- 
able success which had attended his ministry, 
and for the superior talents and wisdom with 
which he was endowed as a writer, &c. &c. 
Mr. Edwards arrived at the church a short 
time after the commencement of the exercises, 
and entered the door just after Mr. Moody 
began his prayer. Being remarkably still in 
all his movements, and particularly in the 
house of God, Mr. Edwards ascended the 
stairs, and entered the pulpit so silently, that 
Mr. Moody did not hear him ; and of course 
was necessitated, before a very numerous au- 
dience, to listen to the very high character 
given of himself by Mr. Moody. As soon as 
the prayer was closed, Mr. M. turned round, 
and saw Mr. Edwards behind him ; and, with- 
out leaving his place, gave him his right hand, 
and addressed him as follows, " Brother Ed- 
wards, we are all of us much rejoiced to see 
you here to-day, and nobody, probably, as much 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 89 

so as myself ; but I wish that you might have 
got in a little sooner, or a little later, or else 
that I might have heard you when you came 
in, and known that you were here. I did 'nt 
intend to natter you to your face ; but there's 
one thing I'll tell you : They say that your 
wife is going to heaven, by a shorter road than 
yourself." Mr. Edwards bowed, and, after 
reading the Psalm, went on with the Sermon. 

HIS PUBLISHED WORKS. 

He published several books : " The Doleful 
State of the Damned, especially such as go to 
Hell from under the Gospel," 1710 ; Election 
Sermon, 1721 ; and a Summary Account of the 
Life and Death of Joseph Quasson, an Indian. 
The first two of these books are now in the 
Library of the Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety. He also published " Judas the Traitor 
hung up in chains, to give warning to Profes- 
sors, that they beware of Worldlymindedness 
and Hypocrisy : a Discourse, concluding with 
a Dialogue ; " also, " A Sermon, preached to 
Children, after Catechising, in the town of 
York (Me.), July 25, 1721 ; " and " The 
Way to Get out of Debt, and the Way to Keep 
out of Debt," a subject which we are inclined 
to think would be well for some persons to re- 
volve at the present day. 

His writings would compare well with those 
of Baxter. He always seems deeply impres- 
sed with a sense of his one great object — to 



90 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

lead sinners to the knowledge and acknowledg- 
ment of the truth as it is in Jesus. His tal- 
ents as a preacher and writer were certainly 
of no common cast. His imagination was 
fruitful and lively. The following similitude 
is from his pen, and was copied from his man- 
uscript only a few years since. It bears no 
date. It is a comparison of the Christian with 
the Bee ; and. were it put in John Bunyan's 
rhyme, it would rank with similar effusions 
from his rare pen : 

1 . A Bee is a laborious, diligent creature. So is a 
Christian. His life, under God, depends on his 
diligence. Nothing is to be got in Christianity but 
by labor. " In all labor there is profit ; but the talk 
of the lips tended to penury," if that be all. 

2. A Bee is a provident creature : is continually 
laying up in store for futurity. So is a Christian 
every day laying up in store for eternity. He looks 
not at the things that are seen and temporal, but at 
the things which are not seen and eternal. 

3. A Bee feeds on the sweetest and choicest food. 
So does the Christian. He lives on the word of God, 
which is sweeter than the honey-comb. He feasts on 
Christ, who is the bread of life which came down 
from heaven. He feasts on the love and favor of 
God, and so man does eat angels' food. 

4. A Bee puts all into common stock. So the 
Christian is of a generous, communicative temper, 
and desires that others as well as himself may partake 
of his spiritual gains and increase. 

5. A Bee will suck honey out of every flower ; 
yea, they say out of a dunghill. So the Christian 
improves every ordinance, every providence, for the 
increase of grace ; yea, he will even improve the sins 
of others for advancing of grace in himself. It stirs up 
his gratitude to God for restraining grace. It makes 
him the more watchful and prayerful. It increases 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 91 

his holy mourning and godly sorrow. Rivers of 
waters run down his eyes, because men keep not 
God's law. 

6. A Bee keeps to her own hive, and never goes 
about, for its necessary food. So a Christian, a 
daughter of Sarah especially, is most in her element 
when she is in her own tent. She is a chaste keeper at 
home, and when she goes abroad, if to the house of 
God, or to the private meetings of the upright, or to 
visit her friends, still is gathering food for her soul. 

7. A Bee is always ready armed, and quick and 
expert in the use of its weapons. So is a Christian 
with respect to his spiritual armor, particularly the 
sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God, 
wherewith he fights his spiritual enemies, and over- 
comes all their temptations. 

The Word 's a sword, faith puts it on, 

And on occasion draws ; 
The enemies of the soul fall down 

Before God's holy laws. 

8. The Bee is an ingenious creature, very nice and 
accurate in its work. So is the Christian ; he walks 
and works by rule, he squares all his actions by the 
exact direction of the word of God, and the unerring 
pattern his Saviour has set him. 

9. Bees are a sort of commonwealth, and are under 
strict order and government. Every one keeps to 
his place and work. So are Christians like to a city 
compact together, and they each mind and keep to 
his own particular station and employment, and abide 
with God in the calling wherein he is placed. 

10. Bees keep their heat during the cold season, 
by keeping together. So do Christians keep up their 
spiritual warmth and liveliness by associating together. 
" If two lie together, then they have heat ; but how 
can one be warm alone ? " 

11. The Bee, when its sight is obstructed by dirt, 
&c, got over its eyes, is very restless and uneasy, and 
never leaves rubbing till it has got it off. So the 



92 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

Christian, if he has lost his bright views of spiritual 
things, will never rest until he gets a renewed clear 
discovery of them. 

12. The Bee, as it has always a bag of rank poison, 
as much in proportion to its bulk as a rattle-snake ; 
so the Christian, together with the precious grace of 
God, has also a body of sin and corruption, the re- 
mainder of the poison of the Old Serpent. 

13. The Bee gets all her living by flying. If her 
wings fail, she necessarily dies. So " the just shall 
live by faith," which has been compared to flying in 
the air. 

14. The Bee is a long-lived creature. Some say a 
swarm of Bees have been known to live thirty years. 
So the Christian's life is long, yea, everlasting. 

15. The Bee is a creature of a plain mien, untoward 
appearance, not gay and gaudy like the butterfly. 
Its excellencies are intrinsic. So the Christian does 
not affect to make fair show in the flesh, but is all 
glorious within. 

HIS DEATH. 

Rev. Jonathan Greenleaf, in a communica- 
tion to the Christian Mirror, in March, 1842, 
says that Madam Lyman, the widow of Rev. 
Isaac Lyman, the successor of Rev. Samuel 
Moody, related to him many interesting facts, 
both in regard to Samuel and Joseph Moody. 
" She was brought up in the family of Rev. 
Samuel Moody, and perhaps was a relative, 
and was about twelve years old when he died. 
I have spent many hours in her company. 
She was an agreeable, intelligent, and pious 
woman. She died at the age of about ninety, 
something more than twenty years ago. She 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 93 

related to me, some years since, a circumstance 
which took place at the death of Mr. Moody, 
which made a deep impression on her mind ; 
she being in the room at the time. The old 
gentleman was in great distress of body ; and 
Joseph his son sat behind him on the bed, 
holding him up in his arms. When he ceased 
to breathe, and the people began to remark 
that he was gone, his son exclaimed with a 
loud voice, "And Joseph shall put his hands 
upon thine eyes." He then put his hands 
around, closed his eyes, and laid the lifeless 
body back on the bed." 

His remains lie buried in the common bury- 
ing place, near the meeting-house, in York, 
with the following inscription on a stone placed 
over them : 

" Here lies the body 

of the Rev'd 

SAMUEL MOODY, A.M. 

The zealous, faithful, and successful Pastor of the First 

Church of Christ in York. 

"Was born in Newbury, January 4th, 1675. 

Graduated 1697. Came hither May 16th, 

1698. Ordained in Dec, 1700, and 

died here Nov. 1 3 th, 1 74 7. For his 

farther character, read the 2d 

Corinthians, 3d chapter, 

and first six verses." 

The memory of Mr. Moody is still precious, 
and will no doubt be devoutly cherished by 
coming generations. He was truly an extra- 
ordinary man : strong in faith ; of fervent 



94 KEY. JOSHUA MOODY. 

piety ; of great zeal, courage, resolution, and 
exertion in the ministerial labors. His name 
may still be found engraved upon the corner- 
stone of the meeting-house "where he labored. 
The following is the inscription on the grave- 
stone of Mr. Moody's wife, alluded to in the 
former part of this memoir : 

"Mrs. HANNAH MOODY, 
Consort of ye Rev'd Mr. Samuel Moody, 
An early and thorough convert, eminent for holi- 
ness, prayerfulness, watchfulness, zeal, pru- 
dence, sincerity, meekness, patience, weaned- 
ness from the world, self-denial, pub- 
lic spiritedness, diligence, faith- 
fulness, and charity, departed 
this life in sweet assur- 
ance of a better, 
July 29, 1727-8, 
aged 51. 
Follow them who through faith and patience 
inherit the promises." 

REV. JOSHUA MOODY, 

OF STAR ISLAND, OR GOSPORT, B. H. 

Joshua Moody, son of William Moody, and 
grandson of the first William, who came from 
England, was born in Salisbury. (Coffin.') 
He was the minister of Star Island, or Gos- 
port, N. H., from the year 1706 to 1733. 
He was a man of piety, and a pathetic and 
useful preacher. After leaving the Shoals, he 
settled as a schoolmaster at Hampton, and 
afterwards removed to Newbury, Mass., where 
he died of apoplexy, 17th April, 1782, aged 
82.— Coll. Mass. fflst. Soc. vii. 255. 



REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 95 

REV. JOSEPH MOODY, 

OR "HANDKERCHIEF MOODY," 

PASTOR OF THE SECOND CHURCH IN YORK, MAINE. 

This excellent man was the only son of the 
celebrated Samuel Moody, Pastor of the First 
Church in York. He was born in the year 
1700, the same year of his father's settle- 
ment. At the age of eighteen he received the 
honors of Harvard College, and for fourteen 
years he was a very useful and active man in 
civil life. For some years he was Clerk of 
the town of York, and Register of Deeds for 
the County, in both of which offices he has 
left ample testimonials of his care, industry, 
and correctness. He was also a Judge of the 
County Court, when he was but thirty years 
of age. His father was very desirous that he 
should be a preacher of the gospel, as he was 
possessed of superior talents, and was consid- 
ered a man of eminent piety. The importu- 
nity of the father prevailed with the son. The 
Second Parish in York was incorporated in 
the year 1730. It was settled originally by 
Scotch people, and was always known by the 
name of Scotland. In 1732, a church was 
gathered ; and Mr. Moody, being warmly soli- 
cited to take the pastoral charge of the same, 
resigned all his civil offices, and was accord- 
ingly ordained. But the importance of this new 



96 EEY. JOSEPH MOODY. 

trust proved too much for his great sensibility ; 
and after about six years, falling into a gloomy 
and singularly disordered state of mind, he re- 
linquished his public labors. 

THE CAUSE AND EFFECTS OF HIS NERVOUS DIS- 
ORDER. 

Mr. Moody's disorder was of the nervous 
kind. He supposed that the guilt of some un- 
forgiven sin * lay upon him, and that he was 
not only unworthy the sacred office he held, 
but unfit for the company of other people. 
He chose to eat alone, and kept his face 
always covered with a handkerchief when in 
company. His judgment of men and things, 
excepting what related to himself, was in no 
manner impaired. He visited and frequently 
prayed with the sick and. in private fami- 
lies, and he also prayed at times in public, with 
great fervency, pertinency, and devotion ; but 
always insisted that he was only the voice of 
others on these occasions. t He was remarka- 
ble for his mild, amiable temper, his piety, his 
gift in prayer, and his faith. 

* In the former part of his life he accidentally killed a 
youth for whom he had great affection, and it was supposed 
that this melancholy affair had a very sensible effect upon 
his mind. Having been the cause of his young friend's 
death, as a token of his grief, he was determined to wear a 
veil the remainder of his life. He accordingly, ever after, wore 
a silk handkerchief drawn over his face, and was generally 
known, in the way of distinction, by the name of Handker- 
chief Moody. 

t Greenleaf s Ecclesiastical Sketches of Maine. 



REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 97 

Not long before he relinquished his pub- 
lic ministerial labors, he buried his wife, 
who had relieved him of much of the pres- 
sure of worldly cares. This event no doubt 
greatly increased his nervous difficulty. He 
ceased to preach in the year 1738, and for 
about three years the people of his charge 
waited patiently for his recovery ; but, seeing 
no prospect of it, a council was called in 
August, 1741, and the pastoral relation dis- 
solved. 

HIS OCCASIONAL LABORS. 

After this, through the importunity of his 
friends, he occasionally preached a public dis- 
course, and often led in devotional exercises. 
They, knowing his ready, copious gift in pray- 
er, and his spirituality and solemnity, were 
very desirous of enjoying the privilege of 
uniting with him, and would often invite him ; 
but he would as often excuse himself by say- 
ing he was unable, — he could not, — that he 
was nothing but a shadow. At last one of his 
friends suggested, that, if he was nothing but 
a shadow, he might do for a mouth for his 
friends to express their desires through to 
God. The thought struck him agreeably. He 
did not know but he might be as much as that, 
and from that time he commenced praying 
with others as their mouth ! He would some- 
times make five or six calls in the morning in 
a neighborhood, before it was too late for fami- 



98 REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 

ly prayer. When he called on a family, he 
would tell them he came to bring their mouth 
to them. They were glad of the privilege. — 
He would sometimes pertinently particularize 
persons in family prayer. 

Says the Rev. J. Sewall, at a certain time, 
" My grandmother, when she was a widow, 
with her youngest daughter (a little girl), 
was on a visit in Dea. Bragdon's neighborhood. 
In the morning, Mr. Moody came in, to 
be the mouth of the family. In prayer, he 
particularized my grandmother, and prayed 
for her and hers ; and among other things, 
he had this sentence : ' Lord, thou know- 
est she has laid awake many an hour, in 
the silent watches of the night, meditating 
upon the signification of her name J — Me- 
hitable — how good is God. Although my 
aunt was so young when this took place, it 
was so engraven upon the tablet of her 
memory, that she detailed it to me, with 
the circumstances, when she was a widowed old 
lady. She was grandmother to the late Rev. 
Daniel Crosby, of Charlestown, Mass." It 
has been said that sometimes, when he officia- 
ted in his father's pulpit, he would remark, in 
naming his text, that, " If Mr. Moody were 
present, he would preach from the following 
text" (naming it). And through the differ- 
ent periods of his discourse, he would often 
say, " If Mr. Moody were present, he would 
say," &c. &c, carrying out the idea that 



REV. JOSEPH MOODT. 99 

he was only the mouth through which his 
father spoke to the people. 

He was a man of a tender spirit, and of the 
deepest piety ; and though he labored under 
this singularity of mind, yet, when he did not 
feel particularly gloomy, his conversation was 
commonly very cheerful and edifying. 

HIS STRONG FAITH. 

Like his father, he possessed a remarkably 
strong faith, as is shown in the extraordinary 
instance of his prayer respecting the taking of 
Louisburg, on the island of Cape Breton, from 
the Roman Catholic French, by the people of 
New England, on the 17th of June, 1745. 
He had been supplying his father's pulpit, 
while he went as chaplain to the army. By 
information from Louisburg, it was found that 
the place was not taken. It was suggested 
that a day of fasting and prayer should be 
held in York. Neighboring ministers attended 
and assisted. Joseph Moody offered one of 
the prayers, which it was thought was nearly 
two hours long. He went on a long time, 
using all manner of arguments and pleas that 
he could think of, for the reduction of the 
place, that the enterprise might be prospered ; 
then turned in his prayer, and gave thanks 
that it was done, it was delivered up, it was 
ours. Then he went on a long time, praising 
God for his unmerited mercy. He closed his 



100 REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 

prayer with statements of this kind : " Lord, 
we are not better than those who possessed the 
land before us ; and it would be righteous if 
the land should spue out its inhabitants a sec- 
ond time." After the troops returned, and 
they and others compared dates, it was found 
that the place was taken on the very day that 
the fast was held, and that the capitulation 
was closed while he was praying ! About two 
years afterwards, when peace was concluded 
between France and England, the place was 
given back to France ; so the land spued out 
its inhabitants a second time ; and it after- 
wards became a common remark, by many 
who heard that prayer, that " Mr. Moody 
took Cape Breton in his prayer, and gave it up 
agiin." 

"In relation to this remarkable prayer," 
says an aged minister now living, " how he came 
to the knowledge of the fact, I must leave ; but 
of the fact I have no kind of doubt. My par- 
ents, and a number of old people that I have 
conversed with, heard the prayer. The coin- 
cidence of the facts with the prayer is mat- 
ter of history." 

HIS GENTLE REBUKES. 

After the death of his wife, he boarded with 
Deacon Bragdon, who was naturally a man of 
a hasty temper. The Deacon had been out 
one morning, and had had some difficulty with 
one of his neighbors, about bad fences and 



REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 101 

breachy cattle. He made out to keep his tem- 
per tolerably well, while conversing with his 
neighbor ; but after he had left him, reflecting 
on some circumstance, old Adam got up to a 
pretty high pitch by the time he got home. 
As soon as he had entered his own house, in 
great perturbation of spirit, he called out to 
Mr. Moody, " Mr. Moody ! you must pray 
for my poor neighbor ; he has got terribly out 
of the way." Mr. Moody replied, "And 
does not Deacon Bragdon need a few prayers 
too ? May not he be some out of the way, as 
well as his neighbor ? " " Oh ! no, no ; if I 
thought I was to blame, I would take my horse 
and ride fifty miles on-end ! " " Ah ! Deacon 
Bragdon, I believe it would take a pretty good 
horse to outride the Devil ! " This last reply 
of Mr. Moody, it is supposed, calmed the good 
Deacon. 

After Mr. Moody had worn his handker- 
chief over his face for some years, while living 
with Deacon Bragdon, he ascertained that the 
Rev. Daniel Little, of Kennebunk, was to sup- 
ply on the annual fast day, and that he put up 
the night before, not a mile from Dea. Brag- 
don's. Mr. Moody rose quite early on fast- 
day morning, and went to Mr. Little's bed- 
room window, and called out, " Daniel Little ! 
Daniel Little ! the birds are up and praising 
God, and you are here asleep. You have the 
sins of a whole nation to confess to-day, and 
yet asleep ! " He then hastily withdrew. Mr. 
9 



102 KEV. JOSEPH MOODY. 

Little stepped out of his bed, and raised his 
window to speak to him ; but he was gone. 
Mr. Little had not been preaching a great 
while then. Mr. Little acquired his theologi- 
cal education with Mr. Moody, and married 
his niece, Miss Emerson, of Maiden. 

HIS HABITS IN PUBLIC. 

When he dined with others, he sat at a side- 
table, with his face turned away from the com- 
pany, toward the wall, when he removed the 
handkerchief from his face. He would some- 
times let his friends see his face, by shutting 
his eyes when he raised his handkerchief. 
When he performed public services on the 
Sabbath, he would turn his back to the people 
and turn up his handkerchief, and then face 
them, turning it down when he prayed. 

When he attended meeting, and observed 
some looking about inattentively, he would go, 
when the meeting was out, and write on some- 
thing they would be likely to see, " Where are 
your eyes now ? " " What has the minister said 
last ? " and to that effect. He took delight 
in having people attentive in time of worship. 
Mr. Lyman, his father's successor, used to say, 
" He died a martyr to his own declaration," 
viz. " that he could not preach ; " for in the 
latter part of his life, when over-persuaded 
to preach, he made the attempt, and died 
soon after. It has been a question whether it 
was not quite possible that his father made a 



REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 103 

mistake in urging him to undertake the work 
of the ministry ; that, if he had continued on 
in the course he was pursuing, he might have 
filled up a long life, with great usefulness to 
his fellow-creatures and comfort to himself and 
friends ; while, by turning aside from the path 
he chose, and which even Divine Providence 
seemed to mark out for him, he accomplished 
comparatively but little, and lost his present 
comfort. 

HIS FAMILY. 

Rev. William Allen, who had the perusal of 
his journal, which was kept for many years in 
short-hand and Latin, says, " It appears he 
had a strong attachment to Mary Hirst, of 
Boston ; but in May, 1722, she was visited by 
Capt. Pepperell, who was more attractive in 
the eyes of the lady than the humble school- 
master. She became the wife of Sir William 
Pepperell." A friend in York informs us 
that Mr. Moody married Miss Lucy White, 
daughter of Rev. John White, of Gloucester. 
He left three sons : Samuel, the first Preceptor 
of Dummer Academy, in Byfield, who never 
was married ; Joseph, who had a large fam- 
ily ; and Thomas, who also left descendants. 

HIS CHARACTER, HABITS, DEATH, ETC. 

The following letter from Rev. Jonathan 
Greenleaf was some years since published in 
the Christian Mirror, and possesses much in- 
terest, inasmuch as it gives the only account 



104 REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 

we have seen of the closing scene of Mr. 
Moody's life : — 

" While I was settled in the ministry at 
Wells, adjoining York, l Scotland Parish ' was 
a complete desolation, no minister having been 
settled there for about twenty years, and but 
three persons were left in the church, and 
those three were females, and one of them 
more than one hundred years of age. Hence 
the neighboring ministers performed various 
' missionary tours ' among that people. It 
was during some of these tours, that I learned 
the circumstances I will now relate. 

" Mr. Joseph Moody had preached but 
about six years, when the nervous disorder 
seized him, which laid him aside, or nearly so, 
for the remainder of his life. It was said, that, 
when he was a boy, an accidental discharge of 
a gun, in his hand, killed another boy. This 
circumstance deeply affected his mind; and 
when the nervous disease attacked him, he 
thought he was a murderer, and this, among 
other things, gave him great distress. After 
the death of his wife, he ceased to keep house, 
and boarded with Deacon Bragdon. It was 
supposed that he always maintained secret 
prayer ; but for many years he would not 
pray with others, nor hold any conversation, 
unless it was drawn out of him. The first 
time he was known to pray with others, was 
under very pressing circumstances. The per- 
son whose duty it was to lead the family devo- 



REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 105 

tions, was, from some cause, quite out of hu- 
mor, and the service was likely to be neglect- 
ed, when Mr. Moody, who sat there in silence, 
with his face covered with a handkerchief, as 
usual, was appealed to, whether he would suf- 
fer family prayer to be neglected, because 
such a person was out of temper. * Will not 
Mr. Moody be our mouth on this occasion ? ' 
Mr. Moody immediately kneeled down, and 
prayed with great fervency. From this time 
he caught hold of the idea of being the mouth 
of others in prayer, considering himself simply 
as the instrument through which the sound 
came. After this he spent much time in passing 
around the parish, entering every house, and 
proposing to be their mouth in prayer. He 
would hold but very little, if any, conversation, 
but was praying continually. He still wore 
his handkerchief over his face, and kept him- 
self secluded from the world. 

" I found with a family in that parish, a 
manuscript journal of Mr. Moody's, extend- 
ing from before his ordination to nearly the 
close of his life. The greater part of it was 
written in characters ; but, with the help of 
President Allen, I was able to decipher some 
part. I found many curious things, and many 
eccentric things, savoring of the peculiarly 
diseased state of his mind, yet mingled with 
the deepest devotion. I will give one or two 
specimens. At a certain date he makes the 
following record : ' This day, while engaged 



106 REV. JOSEPH MOODY. 

in prayer, I thought of a way to fasten my 
study door, and afterward found a better.' 
He then went on to moralize on the impropri- 
ety of worldly thoughts, injected into the 
mind in the time of prayer. 

" At another time he makes this record : 
* This day Elder Kingsbury made us a visit. 
The Elder, much engaged in religion, was 
greatly carried out in returning thanks at the 
table — was twenty minutes about it.' 

" The death of Mr. Moody was sudden, and 
attended with some remarkable circumstances. 
He had in early life been a great singer, but 
after his indisposition he laid it wholly aside ; 
and although he recovered so far as to pray, 
and sometimes to talk, and even at times laid 
aside his handkerchief, and appeared some- 
what more cheerful, yet he would not sing. 
At length, one day, which he spent alone in 
his chamber, he was heard to break forth into 
singing, to the great astonishment of the fam- 
ily. Almost the whole afternoon, he was sing- 
ing, with great animation, the 17th Hymn of 
the 1st Book of Watts' Hymns : 

" Oh for an overcoming faith, 
To cheer my dying hours," &c. 

He did not come out of his chamber at night, 
and the next morning was found dead in his 
bed. Such was the end of this good man." 



REV. JOSHUA MOODY. 107 

The following is the inscription on his grave- 
stone : 

" Here lies interred the body 

oftheRev'd 

JOSEPH MOODY, 

Pastor of the Second Church in York ; 

An excellent instance of knowledge, learning, 

ingenuity, piety, and usefulness. 
Was very serviceable as a Schoolmaster, Clerk, 
Register, Magistrate, and 
afterwards as a Minister. Was uncom- 
monly qualified and spirited to do 
good, and accordingly was 
highly esteemed and great- 
ly beloved. He de- 
ceased Mar. 20, 
1753, aged 
53 yrs. 
Although this stone may moulder into dust, 
Yet Joseph Moody's name continue must." 



JOSHUA MOODY, ESQ. 

OF PORTLAND, ME. 

Joshua Moody, son of Rev. Samuel Moody, 
of New Castle, and grandson of Rev. Joshua 
Moodey, of Portsmouth, was born at New Cas- 
tle, in New Hampshire, 31st October, 1697, 
was baptized in the First Church in Boston, 
17th July, 1698, and was graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1716. He did not study a 
profession ; established himself in Portland ; 
was an acting magistrate ; sustained many 



108 DR. SAMUEL MOODF. 

public employments, and was a large land- 
holder. He married Tabitha Cox in 1736, by 
whom he had three sons — Houtchin, William, 
and James. He died 20th February, 1748, 
aged 50. — Willis's Hist, of Portland, Part II. 
54. 



DR. SAMUEL MOODY. 

OF PORTLAND, ME. 

Samuel Moody, son of Rev. Samuel Moody, 
of New Castle, and brother of the preceding 
Joshua Moody, of Portland, was born at New 
Castle, N. H., Oct. 29th, 1699, and gradu- 
ated at Harvard College, 1718. He was 
chosen the first Clerk of the First Parish in 
Portland, in 1734, and annually re-elected 
until 1744, and again in 1746 . Joshua Moody, 
his brother, was chosen the intervening years. 
He studied physic with Dr. Davis, and was a 
surgeon in the army of 1722 ; afterwards re- 
ceived a military appointment, and died at 
Brunswick, while commanding officer at Fort 
George, Oct. 31st, 1758, having nearly com- 
pleted his 59th year. He left three sons : Na- 
thaniel, who had three sons and four daughters, 
and died at Boston ; Samuel, of Portland, who 
had five sons — John, Samuel Joshua, Brad- 
street, and Minot — and six daughters, and 
died in 1803, aged 73 ; and Joshua. — Willis. 



BEV. JOHN MOODY. 109 

REV. JOHN MOODY. 



OF NEWMARKET, N. H. 



John Moody was born in 1705, in that part 
of Newbury which is called Byfield Parish. 
He was probably son of John, grandson of 
Samuel, and great-grandson of William, who 
first came from England. Having studied 
theology, he was invited to settle at Biddeford, 
Me., in 1728, but modestly declined the invi- 
tation, that he might have further time for 
study. He was ordained the first minister of 
Newmarket, N. H., Nov. 25th, 1730, and 
died in 1778, aged 73. He was an original 
member of the New Hampshire Ecclesiastical 
Convention, and took an active part in promo- 
ting the establishment of a collegiate institu- 
tion in New Hampshire, previous to the grant- 
ing of the charter for Dartmouth College, in 
1769. 



10 



110 REV. AMOS MOODY. 

REV. AMOS MOODY, 

OF PELHAM, Jr. H. 

Amos Moody, son of the preceding Rev. 
John Moody, was born in Newbury, Mass., 
November 10th, 1739, and graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1759. He studied divinity 
with the Rev. Dr. Tucker, of Newbury, and suc- 
ceeded Rev. James Hobbs, the first minister 
of Pelham, N. H., Nov. 20th, 1765. In con- 
sequence of a division in the town, upon re- 
ligious subjects, the incorporation of a poll par- 
ish, and the erection of another meeting-house, 
Mr. Moody was regularly dismissed Oct. 24th, 
1792. His moral character was not impeached, 
and he remained in fellowship with the church 
till his death. The next year after his dis- 
mission, he was representative of Pelham in the 
General Court, and was for several years a 
member of the Legislature and a civil magis- 
trate. He died March 22d, 1819, aged 79. 
He married Elizabeth Hobbs, the widow of his 
predecessor, and lived with her about fifty 
years, during which time there was neither 
birth nor death in their dwelling. — Kelly, in 
Coll. of Farmer and Moore, 43. 



MR. ENOCH MOODY. Ill 

MR. ENOCH MOODY, 

OP PORTLAND, ME. 

Enoch Moody was a native of Newbury ; 
he was born in 1714, and was the first son of 
Mr. Joshua Moody, grandson of Caleb Moody, 
and cousin of the Rev. Samuel Moody, of York. 
In early life he located himself in Portland, 
but at what particular time cannot now be de- 
termined. Willis, in his History of Portland, 
says, " He was here in 1739, when he mar- 
ried Dorcas Cox, of this town, who died in 
1743, aged 22. In 1750 he married Ann 
Weeks, a daughter of Wm. Weeks, by whom 
he had Enoch, born 1751 ; Benjamin, born 
1753 ; Nathaniel, 1758 ; Dorcas, 1764 ; Lem- 
uel, 1767 ; Samuel, 1769 ; Anne, 1773 : his 
wife died in 1795, aged 62. The oldest house 
now standing in town was built by him in 
1740 ; this is on the corner of Franklin and 
Congress streets, and was occupied by him 
until his death, and is now in possession of his 
heirs. He died in 1777, aged 63. He was 
selectman of the town three years ; and, in the 
early stages of the revolution, he was placed 
on important committees, and took an active 
part in the proceedings of that period." 



112 DEA. BENJAMIN MOODY. 

DEA. BENJAMIN MOODY, 

OF NEWBURYPORT, MASS. 

Benjamin Moody was the second son of 
Caleb, son of the first Caleb. His father was 
brother to the Rev. Samuel Moody, of York. 
He was born in 1721, and died on the 23d of 
February, 1802, at the advanced age of 81 
years. The inscription on his tombstone thus 
portrays his character : — 

" Though lowly in station, and unaspiring in 
mind, he attained the most exalted and vener- 
able of human characters, that of an exemplary 
and eminent Christian. This sacred profes- 
sion he substantiated and adorned by a humble, 
meek, and affectionate spirit, by simplicity 
and gentleness of manners, and by a conver- 
sation singularly uniform and irreproachable. 
His very soul seemed composed of love to God, 
and tender benevolence to man. In him, re- 
ligion appeared at once dignified and amiable, 
commanding and attractive. He had a good 
report of aU men, while he was most endeared 
to the best. Yet he felt and lamented innu- 
merable defects, and placed all his dependence 
on the merits of the divine Redeemer ; into 
whose hand, after a short illness, he resigned 
his soul in sweet submission and humble hope." 

The Rev. Daniel Dana delivered a sermon, 
from Ps. 37 : 37,. which was published, on oc- 
casion of the death of Mr. Moody, who jtas a 



DEA. BENJAMIN MOODY. 113 

ruling elder in his church, from which the fol- 
lowing passages are taken : — 

" Doubtless, if the delineation given of the 
perfect and upright is in any measure just, 
most of you have been applying it to that ven- 
erable man of God, whose recent departure 
has excited so extensive a grief through the 
town. Few, probably very few, there are, or 
have been, to whom it is equally applicable. 
On most occasions, I have been averse to pub- 
lic description and praise of the dead ; but, on 
the present, neither regard to the Providence 
of God, nor to your sensibilities and probable 
expectations, nor my own feelings, would per- 
mit me wholly to decline it. There is a pecu- 
liar pleasure, as well as propriety, in paying 
honor at death to those excellent men who 
through life shrunk and retired from their own 
praise. And if religion is the highest glory of 
our nature, and if to have much of the spirit 
of Christ is to be eminent in religion, I must 
confess I have known no man personally, who 
has appeared to me more worthy of honor and 
everlasting remembrance, than he whom we 
now lament. 

" The basis of his character seems to have 
been an habitual sense and reverence of Deity. 
He exhibited much of the fear of God ; a fear, 
which, far from being abject and servile, seem- 
ed constantly cherished by a filial, ardent, ac- 
tive love. Wherever he went, and however 
employed, his simple object was to do his 



114 DEA. BENJAMIN MOODY. 

Father's business, and approve himself to his 
eye. A lively impression of his Providence in 
all events commanded his submission, and his 
fatherly favor sweetened to him every blessing 
of life. He enjoyed God in all things, and all 
things in God. In an eminent sense, he 
walked with his Maker, and appeared habitu- 
ally to converse less with his fellow-creatures, 
than with Him who is invisible. 

" The man who converses much with God, 
will be humble. This was a conspicuous trait 
in the character of our deceased friend. 
While all around him were convinced that he 
was eminent in grace, he seemed honestly to 
apprehend himself less than the least of all 
saints, and often felt oppressed in receiving 
that love and honor which, to others, appeared 
far less than was due. Indeed, humility, that 
cardinal virtue of the Christian, made up a 
great part of his character. He had deep and 
extensive views of human depravity, and of his 
own indwelling corruption, and went mourning 
under a sense of them. Hence he experi- 
mentally felt, and highly appreciated, the im- 
portance of a Saviour, of his atonement, his 
intercession, and the influences of the Holy 
Spirit. Hence he prized the peculiar doctrines 
of Christianity. He felt that they only laid a 
foundation, sufficiently broad and deep, for the 
salvation and the religion of a sinner. On 
these he ventured his soul and his eternal 
hopes. They not only supported him in death, 



DEA. BENJAMIN MOODY. 115 

but sweetened and adorned his life ; while his 
life recommended them, and demonstrated how 
superior is a religion, animated by the pure 
principles of the gospel, to every thing beside 
that bears the name. The very spirit of his 
Master breathed in his temper, and shone out 
in his life. Where shall we find a man of such 
an affectionate, uniting, healing spirit ; so ready 
to overleap those barriers which bigotry erects 
between Christians ; so free from that narrow, 
contentious, censorious spirit, which, I am 
grieved to say it, has done such infinite mischief 
in this place ; so ready to take to his arms and 
heart the friends of God, wherever found, and 
with whatever society connected ; so ready to 
throw the veil of candor and compassion over 
their infirmities ; so zealous for the love and 
peace, as well as the truth and purity, of the gos- 
pel ; so distant from the affectation of pressing 
unhallowed human passion into the service of 
religion ; so ready to bear and forbear, to be- 
come any thing, every thing, or nothing, so 
that Christ might be honored, and his cause 
promoted ? Yet, when occasion and duty 
called, he was no unfaithful reprover ; and the 
evident reluctance with which this office was 
assumed, with the meekness and compassion 
which tempered his reproofs, gave them double 
weight and efficacy. 

" The sick and afflicted among us will long 
remember the Christian benevolence and sym- 
pathy with which he visited, counselled, and 



116 DEA. BENJAMIN MOODY. 

comforted them. On these occasions, and 
others, his prayers were remarkable. Never 
have I heard from the lips of a man, prayers 
which to me appeared more of a nature to sol- 
emnize and elevate the mind, to enkindle and 
cherish the spirit of devotion ; I might add, to 
instruct and to edify. "With what a fulness of 
thought and argument, — with what perti- 
nence, weight, and variety of expression, have 
we often, in our religious meetings, heard him 
plead the cause of God and man, of his fellow- 
creatures and fellow-Christians, of his dear 
country and dearer Zion ? His prayers were 
far from study and formality, and literally the 
overflowings of a pious heart. Remarkably 
did they realize the sublime description : 

" Prayer ardent opens heaven ! lets down a stream 
Of glory on the consecrated hour 
Of man, in audience with the Deity." 

He conversed with his God as a friend ; yet 
who ever perceived, in the prayers of this good 
man, any thing the most remotely bordering 
on unbecoming familiaritv or irreverence ? 

" He loved the habitation of God's house, 
and was never more in his element than when 
engaged in public worship. Did not his con- 
stant attendance in the sanctuary, — not only 
on the Sabbath, but on all occasional meetings, 
if practicable, and this when he walked from 
so great a distance, though almost sinking un- 
der infirmities, and, by his blindness in latter 
days, necessitated to be led by others, — did 



DEA. BENJAMIN MOODT. 117 

not such an affecting spectacle forcibly reprove 
some of us, who live near the sanctuary, and 
have our strength and faculties unimpaired ? 

" He was universally conscientious and ex- 
emplary. The love of Christ, which con- 
strained him, and the fear of God, in which he 
acted, imparted a complexion of dignity, amia- 
bleness, and uniformity, to his whole demeanor. 
And methinks the high esteem and reverence 
in which he was held by all classes and char- 
acters among us, afforded a pleasing demon- 
stration how much may be done by living, 
breathing, and acting out the true spirit of 
Christianity, to commend it to the consciences 
of all, and to keep alive a general conviction 
that there is something great and excellent in 
real religion. 

" As he was held in general veneration, he 
was particularly valued and honored in this 
church and congregation, in which he sustained 
the office of ruling elder, if I mistake not, 
nearly thirty-four years. He ruled well, and 
is worthy of double honor, if to temper the 
dignity and authority of Christian government 
with exemplary tenderness, moderation, and 
meekness of wisdom, can claim such a descrip- 
tion. 

" His death was peaceful — remarkably free 
from every thing of terror and dismay. He 
manifested, indeed, in his last scene, his usual 
humility in speaking of himself. Neverthe- 
less, in the clear consciousness of death's ap- 



118 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

proach, lie signified his cheerful resignation to 
the will of (rod, and declared that he was not 
afraid to die. Being asked if he did not think 
he was going to the enjoyment of his Saviour, 
6 Oh ! ' replied this humble man, ' if I might 
be so happy ! ' Soon after, he fell asleep, and 
is doubtless now enjoying that happiness of 
which he had such exalted conceptions and 
such ardent desires." 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY, 

PRECEPTOR OF DUMMEB ACADEMY. 

Master Moody, as the subject of this ar- 
ticle was generally called, was the son of that 
eminent man of God, the Rev. Joseph Moody, 
first minister of the Second Parish in York. 
He received the honors of Harvard College in 
1746 and 1749. He was distinguished for 
his critical and thorough knowledge of Latin 
and Greek. He early devoted his attention 
to theology, and became a preacher of repute 
in several places, in one of which he received 
an invitation to settle in the ministry. Like 
several of his relatives, he was at times af- 
flicted with a nervous affection, which gave 
him a very humble opinion of himself and of 
all his performances. He was led to tremble 
at the thought of such an important under- 
taking. It appeared to him, especially in some 



REV. SAMUEL MOODT. 119 

of his gloomy turns, that he should never be 
able to honor his Redeemer in so solemn a 
work as the duties of the pastoral office in- 
volved ; and he finally relinquished the pulpit 
for the arduous labors of an instructor of 
youth. 

In this character he shone with an unrivalled 
reputation. The Preceptor of Dummer Acad- 
emy, in the meridian and past the meridian 
of life, was the subject of greater veneration 
and applause, than the president of any col- 
lege in America. His scholars were commonly 
the most distinguished, at the university, for 
their accurate acquaintance with the classics ; 
and not a few of them have been numbered 
with the most eminent literati of New Eng- 
land. 

He was a member of the American Acad- 
emy of Arts and Sciences, and was honored 
with a magistrate's commission. His pres- 
ence, when free from his nervous complaint, 
always gave pleasure in the company of the 
learned. A fund of information, with his 
readiness to communicate, accompanied with 
an unusual ease and elegance of address, ren- 
dered him a welcome guest in every circle. 

He died, suddenly, at Exeter, in New Hamp- 
shire, while actively engaged in an object of 
benevolence, for the benefit of his native place. 

Alderts Epitaphs* 

The Catalogue of Dummer Academy, print- 
ed in 1844, thus notices this distinguished in 
dividual : — 



120 RET. SAMUEL MOODY. 

" He was a very celebrated and successful 
teacher in his native town, until called to take 
charge of Dummer Academy, in 1763. Un- 
der his tuition, during his residence at York, 
were Joseph Willard, D.D., LL.D., after- 
wards President of Harvard University ; Caleb 
Strong, LL.D., afterwards Governor of Mas- 
sachusetts, and others who attained to great 
eminence, and who ever cherished a grateful 
remembrance of the profitable hours they spent 
under his care. Upon the opening of the 
Academy, under his instruction, it at once 
attained a very high and unrivalled reputation. 
Youth from all parts of this State, and the 
neighboring States, collected to enjoy its privi- 
leges ; and, during its most palmy days, it was 
not only filled to overflowing, but frequently 
great numbers applied who could not be ad- 
mitted. For over seven years, the number of 
scholars averaged upwards of seventy. The 
fame of Master Moody was spread far and 
wide ; and no prouder memorial of his success 
as a teacher could be given, than the names 
on the catalogue, of those whom he educated. 

" But his intense labors brought on a mental 
aberration, which', though at first slight, was 
afterwards so increased as to incapacitate him 
for the responsibilities of his situation. He 
died at Exeter, N. H., December 14th, 1795, 
and was interred in his native village. A 
plain stone alone marks the spot where the re- 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 121 

mains of this distinguished and worthy man 
lie, with the following inscription upon it. 

Integer vitae scelerisque purus. 
SAMUEL MOODY, Esq. 

PRECEPTOR OF DUMMER ACADEMY, 

The first Institution of the kind in Massachusetts. 
He left no child to mourn his sudden death, 
( for he died a bachelor,) 
Yet his numerous pupils in the United States will ever 
retain a lively sense of the sociability, industry, 
integrity, and piety, he possessed in an un- 
common degree ; as well as the disinter- 
ested, zealous, faithful, and useful 
manner he discharged the 
duties of the Academy 
for thirty years. 
He died at Exeter, Dec. 14, 1795, 
aged seventy. 

" If (says a worthy pupil of Master Moody, 
who is now living) there was ever a man of 
whom all this could be truly said, that man 
was Master Moody. 

" His eminent success as a teacher was 
owing, in a great degree, to his keen observation 
of character, and entire devotedness to the pro- 
fession of his choice. Few men ever had that 
control over youth which he possessed. He 
was exceedingly beloved by his pupils, and at 
the same time highly respected. He never 
commanded, but to be obeyed. He did not 
deem it necessary at all times to preserve per- 
fect silence in the school-room, and very fre- 
quently the scholars were permitted to study 
aloud, to leave their seats, and converse with 



122 REV. SAMUEL MOODT. 

each other during study hours ; yet so perfect 
was his government, that one rap on his desk 
invariably brought them into complete order. 
The rod was used but seldom, and he took 
pride in the fact that for thirty years, while 
teacher, he had never resorted to it. He de- 
vised many expedients to take its place. One, 
for example, which is often mentioned by his 
surviving pupils, was, if a scholar was found 
guilty of falsehood, to punish him by detaining 
him from his sports on Saturday afternoon un- 
til he had read through the book of Proverbs." 



The following sketch of the character of 
Mr. Moody is from a Sermon at his funeral, 
Dec. 23, 1795, by one of his pupils : — 

" Samuel Moody, Esq., son of that eminent 
man of God, the Rev. Joseph Moody, first 
beloved pastor of the North Church in York, 
and grandson of that godly and faithful man, 
the Rev. Samuel Moody, many years pastor 
of the South Church in that town, was born at 
York in April, 1726, and received the honors 
of Harvard College in the year 1746. De- 
signed by his friends for the work of the min- 
istry, and probably at that time inclined to it 
himself, he made divinity his study for some 
time. When he entered the desk, he ap- 
peared to good advantage, was a considerably 
popular preacher, and received an invitation 
to settle in the ministry ; but, considering the 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 123 

greatness of the work, and constitutionally 
prone to gloom at times, he trembled at the 
thought of so great and solemn an undertaking, 
lest he should sink under the weight of it, and 
gave up the design. 

Mr. Moody seemed in many respects well 
calculated for the work of the ministry. He 
was what has been usually termed orthodox, 
i.e. Calvinistic, in sentiment; yet catholic — 
far from bigotry ; considered it unprofitable, 
and unbecoming gospel ministers, to dwell 
chiefly in their preaching upon the mysteries 
of the kingdom of Heaven, which are incom- 
prehensible to all. He was easy of access, 
open and frank, friendly and communicative. 

Composition was easy to him ; no man had 
a greater fund of words at command, and no 
man seemed to possess a happier talent at ar- 
ranging them properly, and bringing out of 
his treasure the best words to convey his ideas : 
consequently, his language was pure, and his 
style manly, easy, and elegant. Having (not- 
withstanding he was possessed of such quali- 
fications for the ministry) laid aside all 
thoughts of engaging in the arduous work, he 
devoted himself to the service of the young 
and rising generation. The education of youth 
was his delight ; for this, Heaven seems to 
have especially designed him ; for this he was 
in many respects well qualified ; and in this 
sphere he long shone with distinguished lustre. 

He was an adept in those branches of liter- 



124 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

ature which are necessary to qualify youth for 
admission into colleges. He had little to do 
with mathematical studies, and discovered an 
aversion to them ; but the Latin and Greek 
languages were familiar to him, and he had 
considerable acquaintance with the French 
tougue. 

Being known as an instructor of youth, he 
was applied to from various parts of the coun- 
try ; and, while he resided in his native town, 
he did his part to furnish the world with sev- 
eral very eminent scholars and eminently use- 
ful men. From York he was called to take 
charge of a school founded by Gov. Dummer, 
which the fame of Master Moody soon filled 
with students, and through his influence this 
seminary of learning was incorporated into an 
Academy. Here this learned preceptor pre- 
sided with great respect and eminent useful- 
ness near thirty years, till, on account of the 
increase of constitutional infirmities (which 
never implied any badness of heart), his 
friends advised him to resign his charge, and 
retire. This excellent man had a hand in 
forming the minds of many youth, who have 
risen to eminence in the world, and have shone 
with great lustre in the spheres in which they 
have acted. Witness the sacred desk, the 
bench, the bar, yea, every learned profession. 
He often reflected with great pleasure, that 
his sons (as he termed his pupils) were to be 
found figuring eminently in almost every de- 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 125 

partment ; — Judges of courts, Senators in Con- 
gress, in the Senate of the Commonwealth, 
and among the most shining characters at the 
bar ; yea, at the heads of schools and acade- 
mies : and even the University of Cambridge 
was, at the time of his death, indebted to 
him for their President, and for the Professors 
of Divinity, Mathematics, Philosophy, and 
Oriental Languages. 

Having taken this brief survey of the life of 
Mr. Moody, we proceed to the most important 
branch of his character, which was his glory, 
his comfort, his happiness — viz. that he was 
godly and faithful in all. When the godly 
and faithful man is described to be a believer 
in God and in his Son Jesus Christ, conscien- 
tiously conformed to the will of his heavenly 
Father, — a man of prayer ; zealous in the 
cause of God ; delighting in opportunities of 
communion with him, in attendance upon his 
public worship ; exercising himself to have al- 
ways a conscience void of offence towards 
God and towards men ; sincere in all his profes- 
sions toward God and men, and conscientious in 
his whole deportment, in every character, sta- 
tion and relation in life, — I think it will be 
said by those who knew him, Such was the 
character of Master Moody. We may appeal 
to those best acquainted with him, whether 
they have known a man more conscientious in 
his regard to the great God, or more strictly 
just in his dealings with men. Was any per- 



126 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

son, acquainted with him, afraid to trust his 
property in his hands ? Did any man scruple 
taking his word ? It was sacred' and invio- 
lable as his oath. His tongue was unused to 
speak deceit — never given to slander and re- 
proach. This maxim he inculcated upon his 
pupils : Be mortuis et absentibus nil nisi bo- 
num — concerning those that are dead and 
those that are absent, say nothing but good : 
and never man more rigidly adhered to it than 
he. It has been frequently observed of Mr. 
Moody, that he spake evil of nobody ; that if 
he erred in giving characters, it was in speak- 
ing too favorably of those who did not take 
due care of their own reputation. Blessed 
with eminently pious connections, the best in- 
structions and examples, by a Divine blessing 
on those means he was excited to remember 
his Creator in the days of his youth, and make 
a public profession of the religion of Jesus. 
And the inhabitants of his native town have 
been witnesses, and God also, how holily and 
justly and unblameably he has conducted ; 
how solicitous to behave like a Christian, and 
do honor to the great and good cause he had 
espoused ; how exemplary in his observance of 
divine institutions ; with what diligence, con- 
stancy, and solemnity, he attended the public 
worship and holy ordinances of God. No 
gloom on his mind, no weather, no travelling, 
prevented this. If it was possible to go to the 
house of prayer, his seat was never empty. 



REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 127 

This godly man was faithful in the discharge 
of every trust reposed in him. and punctual 
to an extreme. As a magistrate, from his 
known fidelity and sacred regard to an oath, it 
must be concluded that he was a terror to evil- 
doers. As a preceptor, his pupils will testify his 
fidelity in inculcating upon them the importance 
of diligence, as they would not frustrate the ex- 
pectations of their friends. Of this he was a 
remarkable example himself, — ever punctual 
to his hours, and filling up the whole time with 
duty. By his instructions and constant exam- 
ple, he recommended to his pupils the pursuit 
of those things which are honest, just, true, 
pure, lovely, and of good report. Master 
Moody was a sincere and faithful friend, and 
a man zealous and indefatigable in his en- 
deavors to promote the honor of God and the 
good of mankind, in his lucid hours : at those 
periods he seemed always to be laying some 
plan to subserve those great ends. Though 
his plans (in the opinion of his friends) were 
not always the most judicious, when he was so 
exceedingly braced, and his ideas in a degree 
deranged ; yet there was always the same be- 
nevolent design : the liberal soul devising lib- 
eral things. Though he finished his public 
career some years before his death, yet his 
zeal for the general good was not in the least 
abated, when he felt himself capable of serving 
mankind in any respect. His friends will tes- 
tify how anxious he was, in the last weeks of 



128 REV. SAMUEL MOODY. 

his life, after having been dead a year (as he 
expressed it), and raised from the dead, to see 
harmony restored to his country, and an end 
put to the clamoring against the President of 
the United States and other faithful officers of 
government ; how solicitous for the preserva- 
tion of peace, and the speedy resettlement of a 
pastor in the north parish in York ; with what 
zeal he aimed to carry into effect a plan laid for 
promoting useful knowledge in his native town, 
by establishing a social library : in the pursuit 
of this object, he suddenly finished his course. 
These hints have given an imperfect picture 
of this Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile. 
But, alas ! this godly man has ceased ; this 
faithful man hath failed from among the chil- 
dren of men. The pious, the learned, friendly, 
benevolent, generous and compassionate, in- 
dustrious and faithful Moody is no more : not 
blotted out of being ; but, having bid adieu to 
this world, has taken possession of immortal 
life — a life worth enjoying ; the reward of a 
good and faithful servant. Let us go and do 
likewise, — like him be faithful unto death, 
that with him we may receive a crown of life, 
a crown of glory which will never fade away. 



REV. SILAS MOODY. 129 

REV. SILAS MOODY, 

OF ARUNDEL, MAINE. 

Silas Moody was born in Newbury, Mass., 
May 9, 1742. He was in the fourth genera- 
tion from his great ancestor, William Moody, 
who came from England. Samuel, his great- 
grandfather, married Mary Cutting, Nov. 30, 
1657. Their children were William, John, 
Samuel, Cutting, and probably others. Samuel, 
the third son, was born 1671. He had but one 
son, — William, — whose sons were Samuel, 
William, Thomas, Silas, and Nicholas. Silas, 
the fourth son, is the subject of our sketch. 
He entered Cambridge College at the early 
age of fifteen, and, receiving the usual honors of 
that institution, graduated in 1761. For sev- 
eral years subsequent to this, he taught school, 
and did not finally settle in the ministry until 
the early part of the year 1771. At what 
time he became hopefully pious, and consecra- 
ted himself to the great work of preaching the 
gospel, we have never been able to learn ; but 
the probability is, that it was not far from the 
time of his entering college. 

HIS SETTLEMENT IN ARUNDEL. 

Having preached a few sabbaths in Arundel 
(now Kennebunkport) , Me., the town gave 
him a call to settle in the gospel ministry in 



130 REV. SILAS MOODY. 

1770. They offered him a salary of £80 
($267) and a gratuity of <£140 ($466) to- 
wards building him a house. Mr. Moody, in 
his answer to the invitation, replied, that " the 
unanimity which appears in the church and 
town with regard to my tarrying here, I can- 
not but acknowledge, demands my serious con- 
sideration ; and did all other things appear 
equally encouraging, I should not have re- 
mained so long in suspense about complying 
with your invitation. Some civil and ecclesi- 
astical affairs in this place are not in so happy 
a situation as I wish they were ; but the sense 
which the people seem to have of the necessity 
of their being regulated, and the worth and 
importance of peace and love, it is hoped, will 
be a motive for them to see that they are set- 
tled in the most friendly manner, and as soon 
as may be." The remainder of his reply re- 
lated to the state of his health, which, he said, 
was " very weak," and which unfitted him for 
enduring the hardships and fatigues which a 
3trong constitution might bear with ; and the 
manner in which his salary was to be paid, if 
he accepted their invitation. His terms were 
not complied with immediately, but, after some 
delay, were accepted ; and Mr. Moody sent 
the parish the following letter : 

"To the Church of Christ in Arundel, and to 
the Inhabitants of said Town, greeting. 

" When I received an invitation from you, 
to settle in the work of the gospel ministry 



REV. SILAS MOODY. 131 

with you, the difficulties then subsisting were 
very discouraging to me. Though they are 
not now wholly removed, yet your unanimity 
with regard to my tarrying here, and the de- 
sire you express of rectifying what is amiss, 
that you may live in love and unity, give me 
some encouragement to accept of the call you 
have given me. Trusting in Him who ruleth 
over all, to direct, and hoping that you will 
use the means that Christian prudence shall 
dictate, which may be conducive to your own 
felicity and my comfort, I hereby give my con- 
sent to settle with you in the work of the gos- 
pel ministry, upon the encouragement you have 
given me to carry on that work. * * * 

11 Wishing that the God of all grace would 
bless you and me, that we be mutual blessings 
to each other ; that I may faithfully discharge 
the sacred office of the gospel ministry, and 
that you may live in love one to another, as 
becomes Christians, 

" Your friend and servant, 

(Signed) Silas Moody." 



He was ordained January 9, 1771 ; and, 
notwithstanding his feeble state of health, 
urged by the love he bore to the flock of his 
charge, and the solemn responsibilities of the 
Lord of the vineyard, he continued his labors 
among his people, with some few interruptions, 
for a period of about forty-five years, and un- 
til within about one year of his death. 



132 REV. SILAS MOODY. 



HIS MARRIAGE. 



In 1773, he married Mary, daughter of 
the Rev. Daniel Little, of Kennebunk. This 
amiable and pious lady was descended, in 
direct line, from the Rev. Samuel Moody, of 
York, who was grandson of "William Moody, 
who first came from England. Rev. Samuel 
Moody, of York, had a daughter, Mary, who 
married Rev. Mr. Emerson, of Maiden, whose 
daughter became the wife of the Rev. Daniel 
Little, of Kennebunk, and mother of Mrs. 
Moody. She was an excellent woman, a true 
help-meet to her husband ; and was not only 
prepossessing in her personal appearance, but 
exhibited, in an eminent degree, the ornament 
of a meek and quiet spirit, and was greatly 
beloved, by all who knew her, for her tender 
sympathies and Christian -virtues. She sur- 
vived her husband twenty-six years, and died 
in 1842, aged 85. 

HIS CHARACTER AS A MINISTER. 

It is recorded of Mr. Moodv, that he was 
a man of undissembled religion and piety, 
conscientious and faithful in the discharge of 
duty. With the Holy Scriptures he was well 
acquainted, having studied them with care 
and advantage. His sermons were evangel- 
ical, plain, and spiritual ; not designed to 
lead his hearers into unfathomable mysteries, 



REV. SILAS MOODY. 133 

but to make them sound in the faith, and lead 
their hearts to Christ. His religious senti- 
ments were Calvinistic ; not bigoted, but lib- 
eral. The Divinitv of Christ was a precious 
doctrine, and he dwelt with peculiar pleasure 
on the great scheme of redemption. 

The author of the History of Kennebunk- 
port says of him : " He was a man of fair 
talents ; but his health, which was always fee- 
ble, disqualified him for close application to 
his studies. Some of his occasional sermons 
evinced much research, and the one on the 
death of Washington was published by request 
of his society. He maintained a considerable 
degree of popularity, and was much respected 
during his long settlement in Arundel of more 
than forty-five years." As a pastor he was 
very laborious, from a sense of duty and ne- 
cessity ; his parish being the whole town, which 
was about nine miles long by four wide. 

His ministry embraced the period of both 
the American wars ; and, consequently, he 
led his people through troublous times. On 
examining his sermons preached at these pe- 
riods, it is observed that a most pious and 
tender solicitude is manifested, lest the cor- 
ruptions of the times should prove hurtful to 
the Church of God, and thereby many be led 
away from the truth. About the time of the 
breaking out of the American Revolution, he 
preached a sermon from Isaiah xxvi. 20, in 
12 



134 REV. SILAS MOODY. 

which he notices the threatening aspect of 
the times, and urges the duty of greater 
watchfulness, prayerfulness, and devotion on 
the part of God's people. 

Mr. Moody was eminently practical in all 
his discourses, as well as in his pastoral labors 
among the people ; taking great pains to pro- 
mote not only a sound morality and a most 
strict regard to the outward observance of the 
ordinances of the gospel, but also an inward, 
heartfelt piety. He was particularly anxious 
that all the people of the town should attend 
the preached word ; and hence he had one of 
the largest and most flourishing congregations 
in the State, during a large period of his min- 
istry. The catechizing of the children of the 
town, a practice then observed by most faith- 
ful ministers, was a constant and regular ser- 
vice with him, and one in which he took much 
delight ; his long experience teaching him the 
value of thus engrafting the Divine word into 
the young and tender mind. He was much 
interested in the children of the town ; and his 
faithful and affectionate instructions, and the 
good impressions made at these catechisings, 
were never effaced. There are many now 
living who say, " I never shall forget Mr. 
Moody's pious conversations." 

Rev. John Kelley, of Hampstead, N. H., 
in a letter to the writer, dated September 16, 
1846, when Mr. K. was eighty-three and a 
half years of age, says : 



REV. SILAS MOODY. 135 

" While I lived some time in the vicinity of 
Arundel, I saw and heard, several times, Rev. 
Silas Moody, and was much entertained with 
the seeing and hearing of so serious and godly 
a man in the pulpit. And from the present 
state of society in that place, we may learn 
what a happy influence a good minister may 
have upon a people, for many years to come. 
Arundel was originally called Cape Porpoise, 
but it now bears the name of Kennebunk- 
port. In that place a church was established 
in the year 1730, soon after a massacre was 
committed by the Indians, about the time 
my grandfather on my mother's side fell a 
victim to their fury. On the 9th of January, 
1771, Rev. Silas Moody was ordained third * 
pastor of that church ; and the people have en- 
joyed a preached gospel most of the time ever 
since, and the Holy Ghost has often been sent 
down from heaven upon them." 

The Rev. Jonathan Cogswell, who was for 
several years settled at Saco, thus writes : — 
" Mr. Moody's ministerial labors ceased not 
long after my settlement at Saco. By his re- 
quest I preached a lecture for him, and saw 
him at his house several times before his death. 
He was an amiable, mild, and prudent man ; a 
man of unblemished character, and esteemed 
by his people. The congregation, at the time 

* Rev. Thomas Prentice, afterwards of Charlestown, was 
the first minister; and Eev. John Hovey, the second 
minister ; both good men. 



136 REV. SILAS MOODY. 

of his death, was large and highly respectable, 
which is the most decisive proof of the salu- 
tary influence of his ministry. I suppose he 
considered himself a moderate Calvinist. He 
was, like the rest of the Moodys, sincere, up- 
right, stable, consistent, not carried away with 
every wind of doctrine. On account of these 
traits of character, I have always highly re- 
garded all the Moodys I have known." 

Mr. Moody never enjoyed good health, and 
much of the time in his later years he was 
severely afflicted with tic-dolour eaux and 
general prostration of the system ; but he 
would almost always contrive to perform his 
ministerial labors, oftentimes to the astonish- 
ment of his people. He was indefatigable in 
his efforts for their best welfare. In re- 
mote sections of the town, he would go from 
house to house, visiting, day' after day, on foot, 
as their dwellings could not be approached in 
any other way ; this, too, when he was in very 
feeble health, and much of the time suffer- 
ing intense pain. He was fruitful in labors 
and in good works. He lived at a time when 
Bibles, and tracts, and religious books, were 
not so easy of access as now ; and in his paro- 
chial visits he was in the habit of di3trib- 
tributing some useful books from his own well- 
chosen library. Consequently he had the sat- 
isfaction of seeing an intelligent, worthy, and 
religious people growing up around him. 

In theology, his sermons unequivocally 



KEV. SILAS MOODY. 137 

declare that he was of that stamp now de- 
nominated orthodox congregationalist. The 
church still retains the same faith. When 
the new Theological Seminary at Andover 
began to send forth its ministers, Mr. Moody 
showed them a decided preference, and often 
invited them to his pulpit, to the no small 
prejudice and dislike of some of his less dis- 
criminating brethren in the ministry. 

He preached two sermons on the death of 
Washington. One of them brought together 
a very large audience from all the neighbor- 
ing towns. The performance was spoken 
of as peculiarly worthy of the occasion, and 
was published by direction of his society. 
This is his only published work of which we 
have any knowledge. 

HIS DOMESTIC RELATIONS. 

He was a man of mild and even temper ; 
and, in his family and domestic relations, he 
was exceedingly regular and consistent in all 
his habits. He was the father of twelve chil- 
dren, — seven sons and five daughters ; and, as 
a part of religion, he taught them to " honor 
their father and their mother ; " and few men, 
perhaps, ever received more honor and respect 
in his own household than he. In this particu- 
lar he much resembled President Edwards. He 
pursued a regular and systematic course of 
religious instruction in the family, which con- 



138 EEV. SILAS MOODY. 

tributed, no doubt, in producing those precise, 
orderly, and consistent habits for which they 
were very remarkable, so much so, that they 
were considered a model family by all who 
knew them. He was an affectionate husband 
and father ; he watched over his children with 
all the tenderness and assiduity possible ; he 
prayed much with and for his family ; and, when 
absent, his letters to them breathed the same 
ardent desire that they might be all the gospel 
required. His sons were Daniel,* William, 
Samuel, Asaph, Charles, Charles 2d, and Si- 
las. His daughters, Mary, who married Dr. 
Deane, of Biddeford ; Sophia, Sally, Anna, 
and Hannah. Asaph, Sophia, and Sally, are 
now living. 

Though his salary was always very mode- 
rate, yet he was enabled, by economy and 
prudence, to bring up a large family in com- 
parative comfort, enjoying a style and habit of 
living which betokened thrift rather than oth- 
erwise. 

" In the year 1777, the town voted to give 
Mr. Moody <£200 for the year 1778. In 
1779, the late emission of money having great- 
ly depreciated, the town voted ' to pay the 
Rev. Mr. Moody's salary, the present year, in 
produce and labor, the old way, as things went 
at the commencement of the war.'" — Hist, 
Kennebunkport. 

* Father of the author of this volume. 



HEV. SILAS MOODY. 139 

THE MISSIONARY ENTERPRISE. 

The first efforts for foreign missions in his 
parish were made in 1811. Mr. Moody was 
much interested in the subject, and freely 
opened his pulpit to the agents of the society, 
and also did much to enlist the sympathies of 
his people, when neighboring ministers had 
failed to see the benefits that would result from 
well-timed efforts, and some were even opposed 
to the cause. Subsequently the " Female 
Mite Society" was formed in the parish ; and 
from their benefactions several heathen youth 
have been educated and reared up to useful- 
ness at the Mission Seminary at Batticotta, 
Ceylon. One of the early beneficiaries of this 
society was a heathen child, who received the 
Christian name of Silas Moody, in honor of my 
grandfather. From this youth several letters 
have been received, through the several stages 
of his education. The following, though writ- 
ten some years since, contains so much of gen- 
eral interest, that I think no apology need be 
offered for inserting it in this place : — 

Madras, October 11, 1836. 

My ever-dear Benefactresses, — I beg to acknowl- 
edge the receipt of two letters from you, dated July 12, 
1833, written by Sarah Moody, to which I answered 
in September or October, 1834 ; and the other dated 
November 29, 1834, written by H. Moody, which I 
read with great joy. I am ready to send you letters at 
every opportunity, and so I hope you will also do. I 
believe you have a great desire to know of my present 



140 REV. SILAS MOODY. 

and past state. I was regularly dismissed from the 
seminary, Oct. 1st, 1834, together with my classmates. 
In October I wished to attend Theology, and began 
that important and excellent study in order to under- 
stand the Bible better. Some of my classmates, who 
are members of the church, and myself, were taught 
for a year by the Rev. D. Poor, and by Professor 
James R. Eckard. The studies which I attended to are, 
Home's Introduction to the Bible, Poux's Theological 
Dictionary, Ecclesiastical History, Theological Class 
Book, Companion to the Bible, Robinson's Ancient 
and Modern History, and also read several sermons. 
As I had not these books in my possession, I borrowed 
them from my superiors, and returned them back. I 
am in need of all these books, with Scott's Commen- 
tary. In September, 1835, I finished my course of 
studies, and went with Mr. Poor to Madura, which is 
in the southern part of Hindostan, where I found many 
people ignorant of Christ and of his religion. There 
heathenism prevails much more than in any other part 
of India. That place is celebrated for giving birth to 
the Tamul. There is a temple of a celebrated Goddess, 
named Menatchy, who is the wife of Siva, who is the 
Supreme God among the Tamufians. The structure 
of that temple is indeed magnificent and beautiful. 
People are wholly drowned in the ocean of vileness. 
Heathenism is in a raging state there. I have been 
there for the space of three months, and distributed 
Tracts and Gospels, and made known Christ's religion. 
Part of the time I spent there in teaching an English 
school, which contains more than eighty boys. When I 
spoke to any about Christ, many surrounded me and 
laughed, and sometimes stoned me ; but I patiently suf- 
fered all for the sake of Jesus Christ. The people 
are very peevish, proud, and selfish. 

I returned to my country, and there I was a teacher 
in the seminary for six months. I spent all my after- 
noons in distributing tracts. Now at present I am in 
Madras, under the kind care of the Rev. M. Winslow 
and Dr. Scudder. Here they opened an English school 



REV. SILAS MOODY. 141 

at the beginning of this month, and I am teaching that 
school. I spend my leisure hours in going among the 
people, and admonishing them. I wish to spend my 
lifetime to be a co-worker with the missionaries, in 
doing our Master's work. I do not know how to recom- 
pense you. You supported me from my infancy, and 
enlightened my mind to do the will of my Saviour, and 
to become a useful man in the world. I got all tem- 
poral and spiritual blessings suited to my body and 
soul by your aid. I thank you, my dear Madams, for 
all the favors which I received and receive from you. 
I am very glad that 1 have made so much progress in 
learning human sciences, by your liberality. But I am 
especially glad that I have found Jesus as my Saviour. 
I hope I shall continue to know more of him, and follow 
him closely ; for he has said in his Holy Word, " They 
that follow me shall not walk in darkness, but shall 
have the light of life." All that believe in him have 
found him a precious Saviour. I trust in him at all 
times, and pray to him that I may have his grace to 
keep me from every temptation and sin. 

I received from you some books and clothing: the 
latter is not useful for me, and was given to the mis- 
sion ; for our country's dress is quite different from 
yours. You desired me to let you know of my age, 
original name, employment, food, dress, and many oth- 
er things that will be interesting to you. In answer 
to these, my age is 19)^. My original name is San- 
garapully Cander, which is a heathen Deity's name. 
My food is commonly rice, fish, vegetables, and fruits. 
I dress six cubits of cloth round my loins, and wear a 
shawl of eight cubits on my body, and wrap a handker- 
chief round my head, and wear earrings in my ears. 

You wished to know more of two others, named 
George Piiyson and J. P. Fessenden. G. Payson had 
been in school for some time, and was taken out by Mr. 
Woodward as a servant to him. He is a member of 
the church, and married to a Christian girl in the 
school at Odooville. I do not know about J. P. F. 

I hope God will continue to bless you and prosper 



142 REV. SILAS MOODY. 

you in doing charity to the heathen, who are dying 
without the living water. 

Please to write me immediately after receiving this, 
and send it by the first opportunity. 

With sentiments of high respect, I have the honor, 
Dear Madams, to be your obedient and humble ser- 
vant, Silas Moody. 

This pious young man is now employed by 
the missionaries as a catechist and assistant, 
in the work of propagating the gospel among 
the heathen. We have recently seen on re- 
cord, at the " Missionary House " in this city, 
along " Catechist's Report" from the Ceylon 
mission, for 1844, in which Silas Moody is 
often mentioned as performing essentially the 
same service, in kind, that our most faithful 
tract distributors and colporteurs perform in 
this country — enlightening the ignorant, re- 
claiming the vile and wicked, strengthening 
the faith and hope of the humble and believ- 
ing, and administering comfort and conso- 
lation to the sick and afflicted. The following 
extract from his report will show something of 
the nature of his work, as well as the charac- 
ter of the heathen mind : — 

" Visited a Siva priest. The high priest was there 
on a visit. He asked, ' What is the difference be- 
tween your religion and mine ? ' I repeated to him 
some of the commandments. He answered, ; Oh ! the 
Siva religion contains them,' and quoted some verses 
on each point to prove it. I answered further, ' Chris- 
tianity presents the only worthy Mediator, Jesus 
Christ, by whom alone we can be reconciled to God.' 
He ansAvered, ' Our religion presents us with media- 



REV. SILAS MOODY. 143 

tors also/ ' But they are great sinners ; we cannot 
trust them.' ' What you call their sins, were to them 
sacred amusements.' " 

CLOSE OF HIS LIFE. 

In 1815 he had become quite infirm, and 
his parish proposed settling a colleague with 
him. The j accordingly invited Rev. Nathan 
Lord, of Berwick, now President of Dartmouth 
College, to settle with them in the ministry. 
Mr. Lord preached there a short time, but did 
not accept the call. In a letter addressed 
to the writer in 1846, he says, " My resi- 
dence in Kennebunkport was very short, say 
five or six weeks. During that time, your 
grandfather was greatly debilitated, and inca- 
pable of much intercourse, even with his 
friends. I remember his venerable appear- 
ance, and his devout sentiments in view of his 
approaching decease ; but I never saw him out 
of his sick room. The impression I received 
of him, however, was highly favorable to the 
excellence of his character, and his standing 
as a preacher." 

He died on the 4th of April, 1816, aged 74 
years. A few days before his death, Dea. Burn- 
ham called to see him, when he requested him 
to read that admirable hymn of Watts, entitled 

Christ's presence makes death easy. 

Why should we start, and fear to die ? 
What timorous worms we mortals are ? 
Death is the gate of endless joy, 
And yet we dread to enter there. 



144 REV. SILAS MOODY. 

The pains, the groans, the dying strife, 
Fright our approaching souls away ; 
Still we shrink back again to life, 
Fond of our prison and our clay. 

Oh ! if my Lord would come and meet, 
My soul should stretch her wings in haste; 
Fly fearless through death's iron gate, 
Nor feel the terrors as she passed. 

Jesus can make a dying bed 
Feel soft as downy pillows are ; 
While on his breast I lean my head, 
And breathe my life out sweetly there. 

He then expressed himself refreshed in spir- 
it, and that he still enjoyed a comfortable hope 
of acceptance with God, through the merits of 
the ever-blessed Redeemer. In one of his earli- 
est sermons, he says, " The frail nature, per- 
haps, even of the best of Christians may be 
shocked at the thoughts of death, the dissolution 
of the soul and body, and the separation from 
the dear companions of life. But, if they realize 
that the dark road through the valley of the 
shadow of death will soon bring them to an 
open clay, an eternal day that shall never end, 
it must greatly dispel their fears and renew 
their strength. St. John says he heard a 
voice from heaven, saying, Blessed are the 
dead that die in the Lord, from henceforth ; 
yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from 
their labors, and their works do follow them.' , 

It is believed that, during the whole of his 
protracted sickness, he enjoyed comfortable 
tokens of the Divine presence. He had hum- 



MR. PAUL MOODY. lAo 

ble view3 of himself, as every one must have, 
who has exalted views of Christ ; and, as 
might be expected of a man of his tempera- 
ment and solidity of character, he died in 
peace — his end was happy. He came to the 
close of life in a good old age, like a shock of 
corn fully ripe. " Mark the perfect man, and 
behold the upright ; for the end of that man 
is peace. Let me die the death of the right- 
eous, and let my last end be like his." 



MR. PAUL MOODY, 

OF WALTHAM AND LOWELL. 

Paul Moody, son of Paul Moody, of By- 
field, was descended from Samuel Moody, the 
same from whom Rev. Silas Moody was de- 
scended, but was one generation farther down 
in the scale of time. He was born May 23, 
1779, and was one of nine children, of the 
same family — seven brothers and two sisters 
— most of whom were older than himself. 
Two of his brothers received a college educa- 
tion ; but Paul, who was more inclined to me- 
chanical pursuits than to books, and somewhat 
disposed to have his own way, had only the 
benefit of common-school instruction, unless 
he was for a short time a member of Dummer 
Academy. In early childhood, he would be- 



146 MR. PAUL MOODY. 

come so absorbed with his playthings, as some- 
times to insist upon taking to bed with him 
such as were cumbersome ; and when some of 
the family remonstrated with the woman who 
had the care of him, for allowing him to do so, 
she significantly said that she found it much 
less trouble to let him have his own way in 
that matter. He often spoke of the first money 
he ever earned, as affording him a good lesson 
upon its value. A bricklayer, at work in his 
neighborhood, offered him a quarter of a dol- 
lar to bring up a certain quantity of bricks to 
him, on the staging. He undertook the job ; 
and, though he found it much more laborious 
than he expected, he persevered till he accom- 
plished it. He remarked that he then first 
learned the value of money. At the age of 
twelve he made up his mind that farming was 
not the business for him, and deliberately re- 
solved not to be dependent on his family, but 
to provide for himself by his own exertions. 
He long afterwards described to his sister the 
favorite and well-known spot, on their father's 
farm, where he lay and revolved these thoughts 
in his mind. There was about that time a small 
factory in Byfield, where he determined to 
learn to weave. He made repeated applica- 
tions to one of the weavers to teach him the 
art, but was constantly refused. At length, the 
weaver, returning one day to his work, found 
a difference in the working of his loom ; and, 
upon very strict search, he discovered a small 



MR. PAUL MOODT. 147 

obstruction so applied as to affect the move- 
ment of the machine. He immediately said, 
" Paul Moody is the only one who could have 
done it." Paul soon found another workman 
in the same factory, ready to teach him what 
he was so eager to learn ; so that, at the age of 
sixteen, he was a practical weaver. He after- 
wards spoke of the information then obtained, 
as being of essential advantage to him in start- 
ing looms at Waltham and Lowell. 

Jacob Perkins, Esq. having invented a suc- 
cessful machine for cutting nails, put up a small 
nail factory in Byfield, wherein Moody found 
valuable instruction and satisfactory employ- 
ment. He continued with Mr. Perkins several 
years, during which time the establishment was 
removed to Amesbury. 

Having made himself master of the Carding 
Machine, which was then about the ultimatum 
of improvements in the woollen manufacture in 
this country, he employed himself for a time 
in making machines, and was many months in 
Boscawin, N. H., putting them in operation. 
He had also similar jobs in Maine, and other 
places. 

In September, 1798, being only in his twen- 
tieth year, he was married to Miss Susan Mor- 
rill, daughter of Mr. Jonathan Morrill, of Ames- 
bury, with whom he happily lived till the day of 
his death, and who yet survives. 

Soon after his marriage, he entered into a 
copartnership with Ezra Worthen and others, 



148 MR. PAUL MOODI. 

for erecting and running a cotton mill in 
Amesbury. In this business he was success- 
fully engaged about fourteen years ; a term 
which embraced the period of our troubles 
with France and England, resulting in the 
war of 1812. It was a period in which the 
minds of the people were strongly turned to 
the subject of home productions, and espe- 
cially to the manufacture of cotton and woollen 
goods. During this time, Mr. Moody had 
become a thorough, practical machinist, and 
fully acquainted with all that was then gener- 
ally known of cotton-spinning and weaving. 
His business had been very profitable, and he 
was in a position to make his fortune equal to 
his enterprise. 

By this time, the attention of Boston capi- 
talists began to be strongly directed to the 
manufacturing of cotton. By the enterprise of 
Francis Lowell, Esq. the Waltham Company 
had been formed ; and their works were in a 
state of some forwardness, when they were 
looking for a man to superintend the machin- 
ery, and put the mill in operation. Applica- 
tion was made to Mr. Perkins, supposed to be 
the most competent person to fill the situation. 
But he, being then about to leave the country, 
declined the offer for himself, but recommended 
his friend Moody as the best man that he knew 
for the place ; whereupon he was engaged for 
Waltham, and in 1814, he removed hi3 family 
thither. 



MR. PAUL MOODY. 149 

His situation was now one of great responsi- 
bility, affording unlimited scope for his talents 
and energy. Just when an immense and 
unprecedented demand was made for cotton 
manufacture, and the machinery demanded 
improvement, he, having been endowed with a 
singular mechanical talent, cultured by twenty 
years' practical training, was placed in a con- 
dition the most favorable in the world, for ma- 
king those improvements. His success, during 
the ten years of his engagement at Waltham, 
was such as more than to sustain the expecta- 
tions of his friends and employers. It is not 
easy to specify the improvements attributable 
to his agency. Some of his inventions, while at 
Waltham, are the dead spindle, the throstle fil- 
ling frame, the governor, and the double speed- 
er, warping and dressing frame ; all which are 
in use at the present time (1847), not having 
been superseded by subsequent inventions. It 
is a remarkable fact, and illustrative of the 
strength and peculiarity of his mind, that most 
of his calculations were made in his head, with 
but little use of pen and paper. 

In the winter of 1821, the gentlemen con- 
cerned in the Waltham enterprise, having 
already brought into use the available water- 
power at that place, were looking out for some 
situation where they might extend their opera- 
tions. From the position which Mr. Moody 
occupied, the confidence of his employers in 
his judgment and ability, and the fact that his 
13 



150 MR. PAUL MOODY. 

interest was identified with their own, it was 
natural for them to avail themselves of his 
knowledge and experience in seeking a new 
location. He had two of his children at school 
in Bradford Academy. Taking Mrs. Moody 
in a chaise, he went to Bradford to see the 
children, with the expectation of meeting some 
of the leading Waltham proprietors, for the 
purpose of exploring. The day, however, 
proved rainy, and the gentlemen did not ap- 
pear, as he expected. The next day he took 
his family and went down to Amesbury, where 
he saw his old friend and early partner, Mr. 
Worthen. The latter, having been given to 
understand the object of the excursion, said, 
" Why do n't you go up to Pawtucket Falls ? 
There is a power there worth ten times as 
much as you will find any where else.' , An 
arrangement was soon made for them to visit 
the spot together. Mr. Worthen, in one 
chaise, and Mr. and Mrs. Moody and their 
daughter Susan, in another, set off from Ames- 
bury in the morning. When they came to the 
foot of Hunt's Falls, they stopped. The two 
gentlemen left the chaises, and spent some 
time, walking, talking, and looking about. On 
returning to the carriages, they went on to the 
public house, where they dined. After din- 
ner, they rode out again, and explored cau- 
tiously in the direction and neighborhood of 
Pawtucket Falls. The two friends then parted 
for their respective homes. Mr. Moody re- 



MR. PAUL MOODY. 151 

turned to Waltham, and reported to the gen- 
tlemen what he had seen, and his opinion in 
the case. Whereupon it was decided forth- 
with to secure that location. 

Mr. Thomas M. Clark, of Newburyport, was 
then, and had been for some years, the Clerk 
of the Proprietors of Locks and Canals on 
Merrimac River. The discharge of his office 
required him to be much in the neighborhood 
of the locks and falls, and well acquainted 
with the people in the vicinity. He was fixed 
upon as the most suitable person to secure the 
lands, and one whose movement in the mat- 
ter would De least likely to awaken suspicion. 
The first purchases were made at prices which 
might be considered very generous for the lands 
as farms. In like manner the shares in the 
Locks and Canals Company were secured 
through the agency of Mr. Clark and Judge 
Tyng, the President of the Corporation, who 
was early taken into confidence. These shares 
had greatly depreciated from their original 
cost, and the prices rose as the sales proceeded. 
But so little was generally understood of what 
was going on, and the water-power of Lowell 
was so much a matter of discovery, that when 
suspicions arose in Newburyport, and gentle- 
men were sent up to the Falls to see whether 
there was any available water-power at that 
place, they returned and reported that there 
was none. 

The removal of Mr. Moody from Waltham 



152 MR. PAUL MOODY. 

to Lowell followed as a matter of course, in 
carrying out the plan of the new enterprise. 
As soon as the machine shop was finished, in 
1824, the business and the men were trans- 
ferred thither, with himself at the head, as 
superintendent. . 

In Lowell, the sphere of his business was 
enlarged. All the machinery in the rapidly 
multiplying factories was made and put in 
operation under his supervision. A vast amount 
of building was requisite to be done by the 
Corporations ; and the superintendence of that 
part which belonged to the locks $nd canals, 
devolved on him. And when it is remembered 
how much of this work was done without the 
aid and advantage of precedents, and how 
permanent and satisfactory it has proved to 
be, the conclusion is forced upon us, that the 
closest vigilance of master-minds was engaged 
therein. The amount of such labor, scarcely ap- 
preciable by an unpractised judgment, known 
to have been sustained by him, in addition to 
cares more directly connected with the ma- 
chine shop, show with what urgency he must 
have tasked his extraordinary powers, to the 
last week of his life. 

The part which he sustained in the rise and 
rearing of the new manufacturing establish- 
ment, strongly enlisted his affections in the 
welfare and prosperity of the community 
which was gathering together. His vigilant 
eye was ever intent upon whatever he deemed 



MR. PAUL MOODY. 153 

directly or remotely connected with this ob- 
ject. To what might comport with the beauty 
and ornament of the future city, and conduce 
to its healthfulness, even for generations to 
come ; to the manner in which its physical ad- 
vantages might be made the most of, and its 
moral character elevated and secured, he 
promptly applied the strength of his judg- 
ment, and consistently gave the weight of his 
influence. 

To the cause of temperance he gave decided 
and efficient support. There were at that time 
many practices, among gangs of workmen in 
various departments of industry, which were 
not in exact accordance with strictly temperate 
habits. Machinists, as a class, were not an 
exception to this remark. Mr. Moody very 
early introduced an entire reform in regard to 
the practices alluded to among those whom 
he employed. His measures were quietly, 
yet effectually taken, and sustained by a very 
strict example. 

He was a decided friend of Common School 
education. He gave his influence steadfastly 
in favor of an ample supply of the means of 
instruction, and was ever ready to promote 
measures requisite to give to those means the 
best effect. He well understood the bearing 
of popular education on free institutions, and 
appreciated fully the influence of good in- 
struction upon the future interests of the 
community. Hence, he constantly showed 



154 MR. PAUL MOODY. 

himself favorable to the support and improve- 
ment of public schools. 

He was also a firm friend of Sunday Schools. 
The first Sunday School in Lowell was com- 
menced about the time of the removal of his 
family from Waltham, and received his uni- 
form and unequivocal encouragement. The 
nature and importance of these schools, which 
multitudes of good men at first misapprehend- 
ed, he, with his accustomed sagacity, seemed 
to foresee at once ; and furnished both pupils 
and teachers from his own family. From a 
conviction, which he often expressed, of the 
important effect of proper Sunday School in- 
struction on the present and future interests 
of society, he gave it his decided support. 
The manifest feelins: of satisfaction with which 
he witnessed the conveniences, order, and 
exercises of the school alluded to, is still 
cherished among the pleasing recollections of 
him. He was exemplary in his attendance on 
public worship on Sundays. During his resi- 
dence of seven vears in Lowell, it is believed 
that he was not absent from his pew and seat 
in church on the stated Sunday services, more 
than two or three times. He was at church, 
a? usual, both parts of the day, the very Sun- 
day previous to his death. He was convinced 
of the importance of public worship, in its in- 
fluence upon the interests of the community ; 
and he understood the power of example in 
sustaining it. He appreciated the weight of 



MR. PAUL MOODY. 155 

his own example, and his zeal for the public 
good made him willing to do something for 
example's sake. Although he was ever ready 
to give encouragement to public worship in 
general, and though an advocate for the free- 
dom of religious opinion, yet he never absented 
himself from his own place of worship to attend 
on any other. He foresaw that such vagrancy 
would lead directly to the neglect of all wor- 
ship, and to the entire desecration of the day ; 
and no consideration could induce him to give 
countenance to a practice so prolific of evil. 
He shrunk from the responsibility of giving 
that encouragement to Sabbath-breaking, and 
its attendant mischiefs, which a careless and 
irregular attendance on public worship might 
seem to lend. He knew too well the value of 
sacred associations, to weaken them for the 
gratification of an idle curiosity or love of 
change. To the liturgy of the Episcopal 
Church, he paid the tribute of his sound judg- 
ment, and his warm affections. He was an 
attendant at St. Anne's Church. 

He was kind to the poor, and easily affected 
by cases of actual suffering. His charity was 
not of the ostentatious kind, and the extent of 
it was not easily known. But widows were 
known, whose hearts had been gladdened by 
him, and fatherless children, who were ready 
to bless him. No person more fully than he 
appreciated the superiority of that charity 
which provides employment for the destitute, 



156 MR. PAUL MOODY. 

thereby encouraging their own laudable exer- 
tions and industry. Putting the industrious 
and deserving poor in a way to obtain a live- 
lihood by their own endeavors, was the mode of 
charitable relief which he decidedly preferred. 
To indolence and vice he had a settled anti- 
pathy, and in his charity he was cautious of 
encouraging them. 

The habitual cheerfulness of his disposition, 
the stability of his friendship, the fidelity and 
constancy of his attachments, were felt in the 
relations of friend, of brother, and of husband ; 
as the affectionate tenderness of his fraternal 
character greatly endeared him to his chil- 
dren. 

But in the very vigor of his age and con- 
stitution, in the midst of prosperity, when the 
scene of life smiled sweetly around him, when 
blessed with such means of enjoyment as this 
world can afford, successful in all his pursuits, 
gratified in all his benevolent wishes, and sen- 
sible to all the advantages of his condition, in 
the full strength of his mind and in the full 
tide of his usefulness, he was suddenly taken 
away. 

On Tuesday, the 5th of July, 1831, he felt 
a slight illness in the morning, which he took 
to be an ordinary complaint of the bowels, 
common in the summer months. It did not 
deter him from attention to his business, until 
about the middle of the day, when he returned 
home, and retired to his chamber. The disease 



STEPHEN MOODY, ESQ. 157 

increased rapidly in violence, and the night 
following was one of great suffering. The 
abatement of pain on Wednesday was suc- 
ceeded by an alarming degree of exhaustion, 
which continued to increase through the after- 
noon and night, in spite of all the efforts that 
could be used to rally the energies of the 
system. He died on Thursday morning, at 
seven o'clock. 

His lamented departure produced in Lowell 
a greater sensation, more deep and general, 
than any single event that has transpired; 
and it is hardly to be supposed, that any other 
individual can become so connected with the 
interests of this whole community as he was 
then felt to be. The public exercises at his 
funeral were held in St. Anne's Church, on 
Friday, the 8th of July; and his body was 
deposited in the family tomb, in Byfield. 



STEPHEN MOODY, ESQ 

OF GILM ANTON, N. H. 



Stephen Moody was born in Newbury, 
Mass., Jan. 21, 1767. He was in the sixth 
generation from William Moody, being de- 
scended through a line of four successive men 
by the name of Caleb Moody, the eldest of 
whom was William Moody's third son, and the 
youngest, Stephen Moody's father — most, if 
not all of them, having lived oa the same farm 
14 



158 STEPHEN MOODY, ESQ. 

in "West Newbury. His father, Caleb Moody, 
had a family of fifteen children, eight sons and 
seven daughters, of whom he was the fifth son. 

The following further notice of this upright 
and worthy man is from the sermon preached 
at his funeral, in Gilmanton, by Rev. Daniel 
Lancaster : — 

"Mr. Moody fitted for college with Rev. 
True Kimball, at that time minister of that part 
of Newbury now called West Newbury, and en- 
tered Harvard College at the Commencement 
in 1786, and graduated in 1790, in the class 
with the Hon. Josiah Quincy, President of 
Harvard University. He immediately com- 
menced the study of law in the office of Pliny 
Merrick, Esq., of Brookfield, Mass., and there 
continued eighteen months. He then entered 
the office of the late Hon. Levi Lincoln, of 
Worcester, where he finished his professional 
education. At the July term of the Court of 
Common Pleas for the county of Suffolk, 
holden in Boston, 1793, he was admitted to 
the bar, and came directly to Lower Gilman- 
ton, where he commenced his professional ca- 
reer. On the 6th of April, 1797, he was mar- 
ried to Frances Coffin, daughter of William 
Coffin, and grand-daughter of Daniel Coffin, of 
Newburyport ; and in December, 1799, re- 
moved to Gilmanton Centre, where he remain- 
ed till the time of his death ; having been a 
resident in town more than forty-eight years, 
and lived with his family forty-five years, du- 



STEPHEN MOODY, ESQ. 159 

ring which time there was no death in his 
household. [He had three children — Rebecca 
Marquand, wife of Hon. Nathan Crosby, of 
Lowell, Mass. ; Frances Susan, wife of Prof. 
Heman Rood, now of Haverhill, N. H. ; and 
Mary Jane, wife of Prof. Dixi Crosby, of Dart- 
mouth College.] 

" He early took a high stand as a jurist, and 
soon entered upon an extensive and lucra- 
tive practice in his profession, by which he ac- 
cumulated a handsome fortune ; and by his 
thorough and accurate knowledge of law, 
and extensive business, he drew around him 
a succession of interesting and talented young 
men, who commenced their professional course 
in his office. His fellow-citizens from time to 
time committed their interests to his manage- 
ment, and, reposing in his wisdom and intelli- 
gence, occasionally elected him to offices of 
trust and confidence. 

" On the 1st of October, 1799, he was ap- 
pointed one of the trustees of Gilmanton Acad- 
emy, which office he held forty years. Imme- 
diately after his election, he was chosen treas- 
urer of the funds, and continued to hold this 
office until the age of seventy. He was an 
able and efficient member of the Board ; and 
to his efforts for many years as President of 
the Board, and Chairman of the Executive 
Committee, the institution owes much of its 
celebrity, success, and usefulness. It may 
here be added also that he took an active part 



160 STEPHEN MOODV, ESQ. 

in originating and urging forward the Theo- 
logical Seminary now under the care of the 
Board, and contributed liberally towards its 
current expenses in its incipient state. 

" On the 16th of January, 1801, he was ap- 
pointed Deputy Postmaster, and continued to 
hold the office until September 4, 1829. On 
the 22d of May, 1804, he was appointed So- 
licitor for the county of Strafford, which office 
he held fifteen years. In November, 1813, 
he was appointed Justice of the Peace, and of 
the Quorum, for the county of Strafford ; and 
Nov. 10, 1823, he was appointed Justice of 
the Peace and of the Quorum throughout the 
State, and continued to hold the office until his 
death. 

" Thus has he served his generation, and, as 
we trust, also, ministered to the will of God. 
It is pleasing to add that in 1833, during a 
season of religious interest in Gilmanton and 
vicinity, his mind became very seriously af- 
fected with a view of his situation as a sinner ; 
and after a state of anxiety of some weeks' 
continuance, during which he laid aside worldly 
business, and gave his whole attention to the 
subject, he ventured to hope in the forgiving 
mercy of God, and found a peace of mind 
which he ever after retained. On the 4th of 
January, 1835, he united with the Centre 
Congregational Church, of which he continued 
a worthy member till death. From the time 
of his embracing a hope of an interest in 



STEPHEN MOODT, ESQ. 161 

Christ, he shone as a pattern of family de- 
votion. The cause and interests of religion he 
ever patronized, and manifested a sacred ven- 
eration for divine institutions. "Whether at 
home or abroad, he was the same constant at- 
tendant upon the public worship and ordinan- 
ces of religion, notwithstanding the disadvanta- 
ges under which he latterly labored, of hearing 
but a part of the services. The Sacred Scrip- 
tures he searched for himself, and did not hes- 
itate to declare that the distinguished doctrines 
of grace revealed in the gospel met the appro- 
bation of his heart. He was not ashamed of 
a crucified Saviour ; yet he was no bigot, but 
readily embraced, in the arms of Christian 
charity, the pious and good of every denomi- 
nation, wherever found. 

" Mr. Moody was a man much beloved and 
endeared to his friends in Gilmanton, among 
whom he lived for almost half a century. Na- 
ture was kind and liberal in her endowments. 
Possessed of good intellectual powers, refined 
by education, of pleasing manners, of courtly 
address, and an amiable and benevolent dispo- 
sition, he naturally ingratiated himself into the 
affections, and obtained the confidence, of his 
friends. And if, at any time, there have been 
those who have withheld their regard or kind 
feeling, it has generally been those who have 
been a party in the settlement of some legal 
question. But it is believed that the integrity, 
fidelity, and noble rectitude of heart, which 



162 STEPHEN MOODY, ESQ. 

marked his judicial proceedings, have at length 
won back their affections and obtained their 
confidence. Naturally active and diligent, 
whatever station he filled, he was attentive to 
its duties, and remarkably punctual in all his 
engagements. Always rising at an early hour, 
he had time for the duties and calls of the day. 

a In his own house he used great hospitality. 
His dwelling was the home of the stranger ; 
and for many years, while the religious soci- 
ety was destitute of a stated minister, it was 
the place of entertainment for the occasional 
preacher. Those who went to him as a friend, 
he was ever ready to counsel and assist. His 
heart was alive to the tender sympathies of 
humanity. To stay the desolating progress of 
intemperance, he early opposed himself, though 
he received in return nothing but personal 
insult and reproach. Yet he had a heart to 
feel for another's woe. Objects of distress, 
the widow's sigh and the orphan's tear, con- 
tained a rhetoric he could not resist, and he 
lived to see the temperance cause triumphant 
in the town ; the sale of ardent spirits within 
its limits having been prohibited by the unan- 
imous consent of the legal voters. 

" Mr. Moody had a large share of public 
spirit, and has left many monuments of his ef* 
forts to benefit succeeding generations. Nor 
was he a brighter example of the public than 
of the private and domestic virtues. Who 
was ever a more affectionate husband, a kinder 



STEPHEN MOODY, ESQ. 163 

parent, or more studiously attentive to consult 
the convenience and promote the happiness of 
every branch of the family connection ? 

" Having filled up along life with intense ap- 
plication to business and usefulness, the load 
of years and decay began to admonish him of 
his approaching dissolution. About four years 
before his death, he had some premonitions of 
the disease under the repeated shocks of which 
he at length sunk. He immediately began to 
set his house in order, and to get ready to go. 
Feeling his situation as a dying man, and ex- 
pressing a realizing apprehension of eternity 
just opening before him, he has seemed to stay 
himself upon his Saviour, and wait the time of 
his departure with great calmness. In answer 
to inquiries respecting the foundation of all his 
hopes, he has uniformly referred to the great 
Christian atonement. This was his only 
source of comfort. The world was nothing — 
its pomp and honors had passed away. Heav- 
en was all — Religion all his support. Death, 
the king of terrors, and a terror to kings, had 
no terror to him. ' I have no will but 
G-ooVs] said he. And though, in the latter 
days of his life, disease had locked up his sen- 
ses to a great extent, and cut off communica- 
tion, so that he could not express his feelings 
to his friends, yet we have reason to believe 
that, as he sunk down in the embrace of death, 
beams of glory opened on his soul, irradiated 
the dark valley, dispelled gloom from the 



164 JOSEPH MOODY, ESQ. 

grave, and brightened to the eye of his faith 
the coming world. 

" Thus lived and thus died Stephen Moody, 
Esq., April 21, 1842, at the age of 75 years. 
4 He has served his generation^ and fallen 
asleep. 9 



JOSEPH MOODY, ESQ. 

OF KENNEBUNK, ME. 

Joseph Moody was a son of Joseph Moody, 
of York, and, it is believed, grandson of the 
famous Handkerchief Moody, pastor of the 
Second Church in that place. He lived many 
years in Kennebunk, and was highly respect- 
ed. The following obituary notice of his char- 
acter is copied from the Kennebunk Gazette, 
of July, 1839 :— 

" Died in this town, on Saturday evening 
last, Joseph Moody, Esq., aged 76 years. 
Mr. Moody died very suddenly. He had vis- 
ited the post office, about half a mile from his 
house, after tea ; and, while returning, was 
taken so severely ill as to cause him to fall 
down in the street. A neighbor took him 
home in a carriage, and he so far recovered as 
to encourage his friends that the attack would 
not be productive of any serious consequences. 
After being seated in his house a few moments, 
he died in his chair, without a struggle. 



JOSEPH MOODY, ESQ. 165 

" Mr. Moody was born in the town of York, 
in the county of York, Me. He removed to 
Kennebunk in 1780, since which period he has 
continued to reside here. The estimation in 
which he was held by his fellow-citizens may 
be inferred from the facts, that he represented 
this town several years in the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, and also in that of this State. 
He held the office of President of the Kenne- 
bunk Bank, from its organization to its close ; 
and was repeatedly elected, by his townsmen, to 
the most important offices in their gift. The 
various public trusts confided to him were 
always discharged with the utmost fidelity, 
and in a manner satisfactory to his constit- 
uents. 

" The decease of Mr. Moody is deeply 
mourned by his friends and acquaintances. A 
good man has been taken from our society, and 
borne to his long home, — a consistent Chris- 
tian, a kind neighbor, a public citizen, and who 
filled all the great duties of life with exemplary 
uprightness. To us remains the memory of 
his worth and virtues. It is a wise ordinance 
of Divine Providence, that the eminently good 
and the mournfully vicious should live and die 
in all communities, — the one to encourage, 
the other to warn. The end of the virtuous 
man, how peaceful it is ! — of such, how pleas- 
ant are the recollections, in contemplating his 
character ; we feel the beauty and force of the 
language of inspiration, ' Let me die the death 



166 REV. ELI MOODY. 

of the righteous, and let nry last end be like 
his.' " 

The following inscription is placed upon his 
tombstone : — 

"JOSEPH MOODY, 

Died July 20th, 1839, aged 76 years. 
His life being without reproach, 'none named 
him but to praise ; ' his conduct, ever conform- 
ing to the Christian morality, proved the 
sincerity of his profession." 



REV. ELI MOODY, 

OF XORTHf IELD AXD GRAXBY. 

Eli Moody was born in Granby, Mass., in 
1789. His father was also a native of that 
place, and there resided during the whole of a 
life of fourscore years. At the age of sixteen, 
he left his father's house to learn the house-car- 
penter's trade. At that business he continued 
to labor till he was more than twenty-three 
years of age. He then felt it his duty to leave 
that business, to prepare to preach the gospel. 
He prosecuted his studies with that end in 
view, relying entirely on his own resources, 
(that is, what he had obtained by his labor, and 
by teaching,) till the autumn of 1817, when 
he received license to preach the gospel. In 
August, 1818, he was ordained pastor of the 
Congregational Church in Weybridge, Addi- 



REV. ELI MOODY. 167 

son county, Vt. At this place he continued to 
labor till December, 1823, when he took a dis- 
mission, in consequence of the failure of his 
health. His health having been in a measure 
restored, he again settled in the ministry, in 
November, 1826 ? in Northfield, Mass. At 
this place he continued to labor till December, 
1830, when, having felt it his duty to accept 
a call which he had received from a church and 
society in Granby, his native place, he took a 
dismission from Northfield, 'and was installed 
at the latter place. At Granby, he continued 
to labor in his profession till the summer of 
1838, when he had a very severe and obsti- 
nate attack of the complaint denominated 
" the bronchitis," that made it necessary 
for him to take a dismission from his people, 
and to suspend entirely the labors of the min- 
istry. Since then, Mr. Moody has represented 
his native town for four years in the Legislature 
of Massachusetts. He is still living, and re- 
sides in Granby. There are several families 
of the name of Moody living in the western 
part of Massachusetts, who are descended 
from Samuel Moody, one of the early settlers 
of Hadley. 



168 



LIST OF GRADUATES. 



The following is a list of persons of the 
name of Moody, who have graduated at the 
different New England Colleges : — 



Graduated. 


Names. Died. 


Harvard.- 


-1653. 


Joshua, M. A., Fellow. 1697. 




1689. 


Samuel, M. A. 1729. 




1697. 


Samuel, M. A. 1747. 




1707. 


Joshua, M. A. 1768. 




1716. 


Joshua, M. A. 1748. 




1718. 


Joseph, M. A. 1754. 




1718. 


Samuel, M. A. 1758. 




1727. 


John, M. A. 1778. 




1746. 


* Samuel M. A., A. A. S. 1795. 




1759. 


Amos. M. A. 1819. 




1761. 


Silas, M. A. 1816. 




1790. 


Stephen, M. A., (Dart. 1794) 1842. 




1821. 


George Barrel, M. A. 




1823. 


Samuel. 




1830. 


George, M. D. 


Yaue.- 


-1814. 


Anson. 




1843. 


Thomas Hudson. 




1844. 


George Anson, M. D. 


Dartmouth. 


-1779. 


*Samuel, (Harv. 1746) A. A. S. 




1790. 


Samuel. 




1793. 


t Christopher Lake, LL. D. 




1794. 


t Stephen, (Harv. 1790.) 




1795. 


Nathan. 




1798. 


William. 




1803. 


Azor. 




1810. 


Moses. 




1816. 


Stephen. 




1821. 


William Jackson. 


BOWDOTN. 


-1817. 


Joseph Green, M. A. 




1824. 


Theodore L. 




1826. 


Benjamin, M. D. (B. A. Dart. 1835.) 




1827. 


Isaiah Preble. 




1828. 


Richard, received degree of M. D. 


Brown.- 


-1827. 


Isaiah. 


MlDDLEBTJRT.- 


-1814. 


Pliny. 




1820. 


Eli, received degree of B. A. 


Amherst. 


-1829. 


Stillman. 




1845. 


Pliny. 


Trinity 


-1836. 


Martin. 



The names of ministers are in italu. There are several other min- 
isters of the name of Moody, who are not graduates, and, of course, 
are not included in this list. 

* Received hon. cleg, of M. A. at Dart. 1779. t Hon. degree of B. A, 



BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 



3 1197 22416 5248