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Full text of "A biographical sketch of Elkanah Watson, founder of agricultural societies in America, and the projector of canal communication in New York state, with a brief genealogy of the Watson family, early settled in Plymouth colony"

Gc M. L. 

929.2 
W3343d 
1899229 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARV 




3 1833 01433 8294 



BIOGHAPHICAL SKETCH 

OF 

E L K A N A II WATSON. 

FOUNDER OF AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES IN AMERICA, AND 

TOE PROJECTOR OF CANAL COM>rUNICATION 

IN NEW YORK STATE, 



WITH A 



BRIEF GEInTEALOGY 



CP THE 



WATSON Fx^MILY, 

EARLY SETTLED IN rLYMOUTH C'JLONV 



AVM. R. DEANE, 

MEMBER OP THE N. E. niSTORIC-CKNEALOGICAL SOCIETY, AND COEKESrONDINQ 
MEMBEE OP THE ^EW TORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

[REPUISTED from the new E.VQLA.VD E13T0IUCAL i>:0 QESEALOOICAL REGiSTER.] 




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J. MUNSrXL, 78 STATE STREET. 

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MEMOIR OF ELKANAH WATSO?[. 



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Elkanah "Watson was the sixth in descent from Robert W'atson, 
wiio came to Plymoutli in 1G23. Ho was born 22d of Janunrj, 1758, : - 
at Plymouth. lie ',\':is descended, in the sixth g-eneration on liis ■■. '',' 
mother's side iVom'-.Edwai-d \\'inslo\v,"r4.hird governor of the colony, 'rs 
His father and nearly all hi.s relatives were zealous whigs and joined 
heartily by personal prowess and pecuniary contributions in the gTcat . 

strug-glc for nalii.iial independence. He remained till the age of 
fourteeii at the ordinary common school in hi.s native ytown. His 
teachers were; Al(-\ander Scammell and Peleg Wadsworth,N:)oth after- 
wards distinguished ohicers in the army.. . Tlicy, in conmion with 
other patriotic spirits, saw the g-athcring" clouds, and not far distant 
the Kevolufiouary tempest. They st^idied military tactics intently. 
They formed t!io boys in their school into a military company whicii 
soon gave it the air of an arsenal, with their wooden gnns and lin 
bayonets suspei'ded around the walls. "Piping times of peace" 
have since intervcTied for many years. Divines and moralists of all 
denominations and shades have preached absolute peace and non- 
resistance; and, if they have pnacheil vengeance at all, have dealt 
it most heavil}- ni>on the head of him wiio siiould teach tiio art of 
war, or convince that it could ever again be reijuired in our count ry. 

Children should not even b«; indidge«1 with military playihiiigs,^ 
and the song- of the Shepherd L);)y in Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia, 
"piping' as thoug'h he never shoidd be old," seemed literally a true 
picture of our peaceful lot and was presumed to be eternal. But 
with less projthetic vision and less preparation than even at that 
period, the cry "to arms " is now again rung in our ears, and almost 
precisely the same scenes are reenacted at the present da}'. The 
children have their military playthings, the boys their wooden guns,- 

1 The writer of tliis hoard Rhv. Dr. Chaniiiiig^iibout tweiity-fivo years since, in ^^ 
a sermon in his ou'ii pulpit, in spoakiiiLj of the tMlucation of children, .=ay, that he 
would sedulously ket-ji fi-oni them every military j.laything. The sentinnnls im- 
mediately preceding, tlie wiiter has hoard express"d at peace meetings in Boston. 

2 At the beginnings of our present contest, " wooden guns and tin bayonets " were 
used; soon, however, real guns adapted in size to the youth of our schools were ia 
use. One of the very liist and jnust thorough private educational institutions in 
our city, the one in which have bi'eu prejiared for college, more individuals who 
have become clergymen than any other of the kind in the state, now makes military 
drill a part of its discipline, and a braTich of its tuition. Thomas Gushing, A. M., the 
respected and enterprising liea<i of the Cliauncy Hall school, is a descendant of 
Robert Watson, the lirst ancfStor in this country of tiie Watson family, and a near 
relative of the subject of this ui'-moir. In passing through Chauncy street recently, 
as we wern opjiosite Chauncy Hall, the tcaiht-r eir.ergeil fiom the school in true 
military order with his comj'uny of boys, and after going througii various evolu- 
tions, at the utterance of the words '• ("orward march," they wire soon turning the 
corners of our streets with correct military preci.-ion. Mr. Gushing speaks in lii.s 
last annual report of the ]'ossibility of bringing military instruction into our ])nblic 
schools. We undirstand that the present legislature h'ls in view the jin.'paratiou 
of a law requiring all boy^- of a certain age to l)e taught military tactics as a part of 
their education. 



4 Memoir of Elkanah Watson. 

our teachers marcli out their scliolars as Scaramell and Wadsworth 
did iti 1776 — tlic shepherd boy's song- is liushcd, and he, in common 
with others of all professions and trades, is thoroughly trained in all 
the arts of wur. The love of 07ir country has convinced us that it is 
our duty to fight; our souls are fired for battle, while the aillictions 
and bereavements which arc the consequence, weigh heavily on our 
hearts. 

Young AVatson imbibed the spirit of his day. He learned his les- 
son well, and at the age of fifteen, in September, IT 73, he left Ply- 
mouth for Providence, to become an apprentice with John Brown, a 
benefactor of Brown University, and then one of the most enterprising 
merchants iu our country. In that year the tea was destroyed at 
Boston, and the difficulties with England were assuming a very 
serious aspect. The young men of Providence formed themselves 
into military associations, and often met to drill, lie enrolled him- 
self in the Cadet company commanded by Col. Nightingale. The 
uniform was a scarlet coat faced with yellow. The five companies 
formed in Providence were reviewed by the celebrated Gen. Lee in 
the autumn of 1774, and received from him the highest encomiums. 
" On the intelligence of the march upon Lexington, the five Providence 
companies tiew to arms" says Mr. Watson in his journal. He spent 
the night with many of the company running bullets and preparing 
ammunition, and the next morning they niarched, uothwithstanding 
the proclamation of Gov. Joseph Wanton.'ibr the scene of action. 
Capt. Greene, afterwards the celebrated Gen, Greene, with his com- 
pany of Warwick Greens,' and Capt. Varnum,'afterwards a Revolu- 
tionary General, with his conipuny of Greenwich Volunteers, marched 
vvi'h the Providence companies toward Lexington. An express met 
them, after having advanced a few miles, informing them that the 
regulars had been driven back to Boston. 

The mind of young Watson was fixed upon entering the army, but 
application to his father and to Mr. Brown, to be released from his 
indentures, were in vain.N!,Mr. Brown, finding the army almost desti- 
tute of every munition ot war, particularly of powder, directed the 
captains of his vessels on their return voyages, to freight with that 
article, and when the army at Pjostun had not four rounds to a man, 
most fortunately, one of Mr. Brown's ships brought in a ton and a 
half of powder, and it was immediately forwarded under the charge 
of young Watson to Cambridge, attended by six or eight recruits to 
guard it. Mr. Watscm says: " 1 delivered my letter to Gen' Wash- 
ington in person, and was deeply impressed with an emotion I can- 
not describe in contemplating tiiat great man, his august person, liis 
majestic mein, his dignified and commanding deportment." Soon 
after this Mr. Brown having contracted to supply the army of Wash- 
ington with flour, sailed, for Providence with a cargo from Newport. 
This vessel was seized,^d Mr. Brown was himself made a prisoner, 
and was sent to Boston in irons, charged with heading a party, in 
1772, which burned his majesty's schooner Gaspee, iu Providence 
river. 

Tiie whole community were indignant and exasperated at his seiz- 
ure. A consultation was held immediately and it was decided to 
send an express to Plymouth in order to fit out two armed schooners 



Memoir of Elkanah Watson. 5 

to intercept, if possible, tlie captured flour vessel, in her passag-e 
round Capo Cod, and release .Mr. Brown. "Watson was entrusted 
witli tljat important mission, and with liis musket at his back, on a 
fleet horse, he arrived at Plymouth at two o'clock in the morning", 
alarmed the town with the cry of tire, and aroused up the committee 
of safety. At sunrise he was awakened by the beat of the drum to 
muster volunteers for the enterprise. By two o'clock the same daj', 
he with sixty to eig'hty others embarked on board two dilapidated 
fisiiing- schooners equipped with two old cannon each, and with pow- 
der loose in bariels. They sailed r(!ckless of consequences, deter- 
mined to secure Mr. l>rown. They had no commission, and had they 
been captured, wouhl probably have been hung' as pirates witli little 
formality. Tliey cruised ten days east of Cape Cod without success, 
and being: pursued by a twenty gun ship, rinally escaped into Ply- 
mouth. Thus young Watson sailed at the age ot seventeen from the 
place of his nativity, in probably the first vessel that opposed the 
British flag, and but a few rods from the rock upon which our fore- 
fathers landed, one liundrcd and fifty-five years before, in the asser- 
tion of that liberty which was then bravely defended by their de- 
scendants. Mr. Brown was soon after released tiirough the interpo- 
sition of his brother, Moses Brown,\ the conspicuous and eminent , 
v._Quakcr of Providence. '— t\ 

The commerce-^of Providence was prostrated. by the war, and in 
August, 1777, Mr. "Brown and his brother Niciiolas^^proposed to Mr. 
Watson to take chr.rge of about fifty thousand dollars to carry on 
horseback to wSouth Carolina, and deposit in the hands of agents for 
investment in cargoes for European markets. He started on tlie 4lh 
of September, with a good horse under him, a hanger at his side and 
a pair of pistols in his holsters, passing throug-h Virginia, via Frede- 
ricksburg, Williamsburgh, Jamestown, Suffcjlk, Edenton near Pam- 
lico sound, through Newbern, Wilmington, Georgetown, N. C, and 
other places we now so often see in our papers as being in the track, 
the din and jargon of our jjresent war, arriving' at Ciiarleston, S. C, 
after two and a half months travel, on the 18th of November. Here 
he delivered tite funds which lie had carried the entire journey in 
the quilled lining of Ids coat. On the 15th of Januaiy, 1788, a 
large portion of Ciiarleston was accidentally burnt, while he was 
yet tarrying there. 

Mr. Watson left Charleston January 29tli, and continued his jour- 
ney to Port Koyal. lie says of Port lioyal Island: " Here are a few 
rice })lantations — the staple is indigo — and some cotton is cultivated 
for domestic purposes, but as it is dillicult to disentangle the fibre 
from the seed, its extensive culture is not attempted, although it 
eminently flourishes in this climate and is a most important article. 
Every evening we noticed the Negroes, old and young, clustered in 
their liuts around their pine knot fires, plucking the obstinate seed 
from the cotton." This was of course before tlie great invention of 
the cotton gin by the celebrated Eli Whitney. Mr. Watson states 
that Beaufort contained about seventy houses besides public build- 
ings at that time. He says "mutual antipathies and prejudices pre- 
dominated at the south previous to the Revolution; and we had 
every reason to apprehend that, if not allayed by wise and prudent 



6 Memoir of Elkanah M^atson. 

measures, they would have resulted in a dismemberment of the con- 
federacy." ^ 
y>^ Gen. John Winslow, Mr. Wat.^son's motlici-'s uncle, a noble, gene- 
rous and accomplished man, a distinguished otiicer in the French war, 
was from the first of our Kevolutionavy ditblculties, an asserter and 
defender of the rights and prerogatives of royalty, and subsequently 
held soroe judicial position in Plymouth colony. Mr. Watson speaks 
of renK'[nberij)f^ to have seen him " p^ointr iu procession as a member 
of the Court, from his quarters to tlie Court-h.ouse. The Jud^-es were 
clothed in robes of scarlet, and tlje clerk bore before them some 
formidable insig'nia of their power, the high sheriff with a drawn 
sword, and the deputies and constables with their staves, making up 
the escort." The jury were also in the procession. " This was the 
pomp and etiquette," says Mr. W., " royalty rcdected at tijat period 
upon every department of the colonial government." 

On the 2'2d of January, 1779, Mr. \V'atson having attained the 
age of twenty-one, and having been deeply disappoiiited by the 
effects of the war in his expectations of establishment in life, was 
induced to accept proposals made to him liy Mr. firowtj, witii whom 
he had served his time, and others, to proceed to France in associa- 
Y' tion with them, and sailed August 4, 1770;- in the Mercury, Capt. .X, 
\,Simeon Sampson (one of the most efficient nav'al commanders in the 
Kevolulion). \Mq had for fellow passengers Maj, Knox, brother to. 
Gen. Knox and otliers. The French frigate La Sensible, from ■ 
Brest, having on board John AdamsT^^d tlie first French Ambassa- 
dor to our young republic, ^Nlr. Gerard;. had dropped anchor about an 
hour before, and Mr. Watson and others went on board to receive 
their commands fur France. The Mercury arrived otf the coast of 
France and dropped anchor abreast the walls of St. Martin, a city of 
the He de Ilhe. The American Consul. Mr. Craig/vcame on board 
with several officers. The captain and Maj. Knox re»,'eivcd them in 
full U. S. unifdrm, and as they landed on the quay, it was thronged 
with the populace to see (as they esteemed the passengers'), "the 
North American savages." They had despatches of the utmost im- 
portance to the French government, and to our Ambassador, Dr. . 
Franklin, then at Passy, whither they proceeded by land. Our 
insuriection having broken out in Boston, the French population 
confounded the whoh; nation with our cit}', and as Mr. Watson, Maj. 
Knox and the Consul mounted their mules and trotted briskly over 
the pavements of St. Martin, they were followed by a crowd, and their 
ears were constantly assailed with the cry of " Yoila les braves 
Bostones " (there go the brave Bostonians). 

Mr. Watson visited La Rochelle, the stronghold of the Huguenots 
of France, from whom have since sprung, in our own country, some 
of the best and trmst citizens of our republic. La Vendee, Nantes, 
Angers, Versailles, Paris, and other places, were visited by Mr. 
Watson, and noticed in short but compreliensive descriptions in his 
journal. Ilis first interrtfW with Dr. Franklin, of whom he had 
heard familiarly from his cradle, wi«i at Passy. He says, his 
image was vividly pictured on his mind, and is well delineated in 
Trumbull's picture of the Declaration of Independence. Mr. W. dined 
with Dr. Franklin soon after, and his description of the party, the 



Memoir of Elhanah Watson. 7 

corcinony, &c., is very interesting;-, lie says: "Few foreigners have 
been presented to the Court ot" St. Cloui], who have aequired so much 
iulluence and popularity as Dr. Franklin. 1 liave seen the populace 
attend ins carria;j;e in tlie manner they followed the king's." 

Mr. Watson lett Paris on the 20tli of October, 1781, upon a tour 
througli the western provinces of France and the Netherlands. ' He 
visited Peronne, Lisle, Ostend, Brussels, and Bruges, noticing par- 
ticularly the canals of the latter place — the information thus obtained 
being afterwards of great value to him as a strong and intelligent 
advocate of the great canals since made iu western New York, and 
other parts of our country, ^v^ _} 

Mr. Watson called upon lion. Silas Deane at Ghent,/ of whom he 
speaks with some remarks, in accordance witli the prejudices of in- 
terest(!d individuals, but in tlie puMicatior. of ifr. Watsfui's Me.n and 
Times of the. llexolution, he says: "I owe it to truth and justice, to 
record his vindication froin, these strictures by a potent pen," and 
there inserts a letter fromrJohn Trumbull,~Trie brilliant auiiior of 
J\JcFingaI, to whose criticism ^Ir. Watson liad submitted his manu- 
scripts. ^ 

lu 1782, Mr. Watson obtained a passport from Dr. Franklin and i 
went over to England. Dr. F. also furiiished him with letters to 
some of the most eminent philosophers and statesmen of England, 
among them Drs. Priestly and Price,\uid lion. Edmund Bnrke.^.'^.Ue 
went directly from Dover to Londcni, and afterwards visited Bir- 
mingham, Oxford, Stratford-upon-Avon. Bath, Bristol, Leeds, Shef- 
field, Manchester, Liverpool, and oiIkm' places. He met at Birming-,^^^ 
ham tlie celebrated loyalist,>Chief Justice Oliver.vconspicuous in the 
early days of the American Picvolution, and also a Son.of Gov. Hutch-X 
inson.^;\^He there saw Dr. Priestly, ^Ir. Wattx the i'uvcntor of the , ^ 
Kteani-engiutvaiid other distinguished charactcrsx He was much in-"r^- 
terested in the canals at Birmingham. Mr. Watson says in his jour- 
nal: "With Dr. Franklin, always kind and familiar, I could hold 
converse as with a venerated father; but Burke seemed a being of--i_^ 
another sphere." 

Soon after Mr. W.'s arrival in England, he dined with Copley, the 
distinguished painter, a Bostonian by birthl.and came to the conclu- 
sion to expend a hundred guineas which he had just easily obtained ^, 
for a splendid portiait of himself by that celebrated artist. ^*%,^ 

"The painting was finished," says Mr. W. in his journal, "in niost 
admirable style, except the back ground, which Copley aiid I designed 
to represent a ship, bearing to America the acknowledgment of in- 
dependence, with a sun Just rising upon the stripes of the Union 
streaming from her gaff. All was complete save the flag, which 
Copley did not deem prudent to hoist under present circumstances, 
as his gallery is a constant resort of the royal family and the nobi- 
lity. I dined with the artist on the glorious 5th of December, 1782, 
after listening with him to the speech of the king, formally recog- 
nizing the United States of America as in the rank of nations. Pre- 
vious to dining, and iinmediately after our return from the house of 
lords, he invited me into his studio, and there, with a bold hand, a 

' See page 152 of 3lcn and Times of the Revolution, to wliicli Toliimo we are in- 
debted for most of the tacts iu this memoir rehitiva to Mr. Watson. 



8 Memoir of El/canah Watson. I 

master's touch, and I believe an American licart, attached to the ship 
llie sfnrs and stripes. This was, I imag-ine. i/ie first American fag hoist- 
ed in Old England. 

Mr. Watson was conducted to the house of lords by the Earl of 
Ferriers, who on leaving him at the door wliispered in his ears: ''Get 
as near the throne as you can; fear nothing:." lie found himself 
elbow to elbow with the celebrated iXord Admiral Howe.' He tliere 
met both Copley and West (the artist), with some American ladies. 
The king's speech, in which the colonies were allowed to be free and 
indei)endent, was delivered at that time. When the following- pass- 
age was delivered by tlie king, "1 have pointed all my views and 
measures in Europe, as in North America, to an entire and cordial 
reconciliation with the colonies. Finding it indispensible to the at- 
tainment of this object, I did not hesitate to go the full length of the 
poM'crs invested in me, and offer to declare tiiem'' — "Here," says 
Mr. Watson, " he paused, and was in evident agitation; either em- 
barrassed in reading his speech by the darkness of the room, or op- 
pressed by a natural emotion. In a niument he resumed" — "and offer 
to declare them /ree fl7!j i7idcpendcnt Atntes," etc. " George III." Mr. 
W. says, " was celebrated for leading his speeches in a distinct, free 
and impressive manner." 

On the 2Gth of May, 17S4, Mr. Watson left London for Holland, 
by way of Harwich. He visited Koitcrdam, Delft Hav(Mi, the lingue, 
Leyden, Haarlem, Amsterdam, Antwerp, and other places, and of all, 
gives intelligent notices and descriptions in his journal. He re- 
turned to London in a few niunlhs, and spent an evening just previ- 
ous to his departure for home in company with Surgeon Sharp in his ' 
capacious library at the house of his brother, the well known philan- 
thropist, Granville Sharp. Dr. Sharp entrusted to him two bundles 
of books, embracing his entire publications on emancipation and 
Other congenial topics, directed to Gen. Washington. ^ 

Mr. W. had previously noticed in that library of Dr. Sharp, the 
Memoirs and Letters of Ignatius Sancko, an educated African. It 
riveted his attention, caused him to buy the work and to seek the 
humble residence of his widow, of whom the letters in the memoir 
written by Ignatius, spoke with so much uifection.- On the 21st of 
Auo-ust, 1784, he embarked on board the George AVashington, Capt. 
Smith on his return to America, arriving, after an ab.^ence <if live 
years, at Providence, early in October, being so much changed by 
time and travel, that lie was not at first recognized by Mr. Brown. 

On the 3d of December, he embarked in a sloop packet for New 
York with Rufus King, Elbridge (Jerry and Judge Sullivan on their 
way to Congress. Mr. W. remained in New York, about a month in 
the family of his uncle John Sloss Hobart,'' from thence he went to 
Philadelphia, Maryland, Delaware and Mount Vernon, where he de- 

1 See the interesting Life of Granville Sharp, by Princo Iloure, for some account of 
the Sharp Family. 

» See articles in the Boston Transcript oi Feliruary 4th and 0th, ISOo, referring 
to iKnatius Sancho by Lucius ^hiuliu.s i^argent, Esq., under the signature of 
Sigma. 

'See Rcgiittr, x, 149, for an account of Mr. Hobart. 



Memoir of Elkanah Watson. 9 

Hvcred to Washing-ton the books in his char<jfe from Dr. Sharp. Mr. 
Watson says: " I remained alone in the society of W'ashing'ton for 
two days, the richest of niy life." Much of the conversation of 
Wasiiing'ton, was upon the interior of the country, and in reg-ard to 
improviiijj the navigation of the Potomac by canals and locks, in 
which ho was deeply absorbed. He allowed Mr. Watson to take 
minutes from his journals on the subject. At this period, Mr. Watson 
became g-reatly occupied in plans for internal navig-ation and im- 
provements, and to him afterwards, in a very g^reat measure, was 
New York indebted for her spendid chain of internal communication; 
and to no one, excepting' Gov. De Witt Clinton,-^ does that state owe 
more of its material prosperity previous to the new impetus of rail 
roads. 

( While Mr. Watson was in England, he contributed to the relief of . 
\pol. Silas Talbot, 'a native of Dighton, Mass., one of the bravest com- 
■ modores of our Revolution',, who was captured by the British, llrst im- 
prisoned in the Jersey prison ship, afterwards in tlie Old Sugar House ~^ 
in New York, and tinally in Mill Prison, near Plymouth, Eng. In 
1788, Mr. W. made a tour from Providence, to the western part of 
Massachusetts and New York state, calling- at Johnson Hall, Johns- 
town, N. Y., formerly the seat of Sir \Vn). Johnson, and then ov/ned 
and occupied by Cohmel or Commodore Silas Talbot, whom he had 
aided while in prison in England, as before stated. i 

It was from this tour of observation that Mr. Watson v.'as induced 
in 1189 to remove from Providence to Albany. At tiiis time, not 
more than five New England families v,'ero residents in Albany. Mr. 
Watson, by the power of his pen in tlie public journals and his per- 
sonal ellbrts, etlected numerous local improvements in that city. 

While visiting Philadel[)hia in 1792, Mr. Watson visited the grave 
of Franklin, and mentions in his journal that his last interview with 
Franklin, who was then eighty j-ears of age, occurred in 178(5, at 
•which inlerview Dr. Franklin observed, soon after entering the room, 
that "all his own friends were dead, and he found himself alone in 
the midst of a new generation; and he added, a remark alike 
characteristic of the man and the philosopher, he was in their way, 
and it was time he were oQ" the stage; yet he delighted a circle of 
young people, the whole evening, with pleasing anecdotes and inte- 
resting stories; for, in his old age he was a most interesting com- 
panion of youth." 

In 1701 Mr. Watson took a tour through the interior of New York 
state in ^company with Jeremiah Van Kensselaer, i(Gen, Philip Van>.i 
CortlandC^and Stt'phon N. Bayard, XEsq.\tlie object "being to scruti- ^ 
nise opinfcnis on the subject of an Inland navigation, which had been 
. suggested by his former investigations. "<- 

/^ By his eilorts in promotion of internal improvements, Mr. Watson 
became intimately acquainted with Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, \^ 
and with many other eminent and consfiicuous men of the state. 

In June, 1S07, Mr. Watson retired from the city, and purchased a 
farm, on which was an elegant mansion, near the beautiful village of 
Pittsfiehl, Mass., where, at the age of litty, he adopted the pursuit of 

' Seu till- Liff of Siliis Ttiloot^ a Commodore in the Navy of the United States. By 
H. T. TiKkeriuiUi. New York : J. C. Kiker. It>ii0. 



10 Memoir of Ellcanah Watson. 

agriculture, rem.irkinj^ that " ho had embraced it at too late a period 
of life — after his liabit.s and feelings had been moulded by a long 
residence in cities." 

Here he resided nine or ten years, in which his most eflectivc and 
valuable labors were exercised in the promotion of agriculture and 
manufactures. He procured the first pair of Merino slieep that had 
been introduced intu Berkshire county.i " I was induced," he says, 
in tiie Jlisfory of the Berkshire AgricuUuraL Society, published in 1820, 
"to notify uu exhibition under the lofty elm tree, on the public 
square in Pittsficld, of my two Merino slieep," which aitracted many 
farmers and otliers. From this he was induced to effect a display of 
dilTercTit anirnals in larger numbers, and thus was initiated the tirst 
agricultural fairs and cattle shows in the country. The wool of 
the two sheep referred to was manufactured into cloth with great 
pains, and far excelled any woolen fabric that had yet appeared in 
our country. It was spoken of in the papers of the day, and sam- 
ples of it were exhibited in the principal cities. This was the ori- 
gin of woolen factories in Iierkshire county. At the winter session 
of the Legislature in 1S08, tlie Berkshire Agricultural Society was 
incorporated, and the autumn of the' same year an exhibition was 
held at Pittsfield. In a procession on the occasion, which was novel 
and imposing, " were sixty-nine oxen connected by chains, drawing 
a plougli held by the oldest man in the county, and each member of 
the society was decorated with a badge of wheat in his hat. A plat- 
form upon wheels followed drawn by oxen, bearing a broadcloth 
loom and spinning jennj', both in operation by English artists, as the 
stage moved along," &c., &c. 

In February, 1816, Mr. Watson returned to his former residence 
in Albany, abandoning rural scenes, flocks and herds. At tliat time 
the Agricultural societ}- passed a vote tliat a ]Meu)ium be ofl'ered an- 
nually for the best blooded merino buck produced at the fair, in the 
form of a silver cup, of the value of $12, on wiiich should be en- 
graved tlie " Watson Cup." 

Mr. Watson, for several succeeding years, in an extensive and 
volumnious correspondence in tlie United States and in Europe, aid- 
ed the formation of agricultural societies, and advanced the general 
cause of agriculture, by diflusing the results of his own experience. 
Amou'--- Ml. ^^'atsou's eorruspondents were Jciierson, John and John 
Quincy Adams, and Madison. 

Mr. Watson, in 1828, removed from Albany to Port Kent, on Lake 
Champlaiu — a village which had been formed chielly by himself — 
a position favorably situated as a depot for the vast manufacturing 
products of the An Sable river, and of unsurpassed beauty. The 
place received its name fioin ChanceUor Kent. 

Mr. Watson delivered an address or speech at Montpelier, Vt, at 
an agricultural meeting in 1830; at Keeseville, N. Y., in 1833, on 

1 The fii'.st pair of Moriiio sli»-ep inipnrtcil into this country wns brought by Wm. 
Fostor, lv>(i , of lioston, in 1703. In l>0-2, Gi-n. Diuid Hunij.hreys of Conntcticut, 
when inini>ft'r to Sfain uikUt Mr. .I.-lff-r.-on, iniport.d 'IW. Chancrllor Livingston 
iniportfd a few in 1>U!)-10; the late 11. 'ii. Wm. Jurvi.s of We;ah.i>liel(l, Vt , ini- 
poiled v»>ry lar-ely, niul to him luoiv tii:i:i to any other man, is ilue th(! rapid advance 
in the uinu'ufactures of line wool, iiee PaUnt Office Rcpoit on Jgriculture, l^jGl, p. 259. 



11 

TcnipcTUTico, ;uid frpqncntly was Iif ralUnl from liis rctircrnciit at 
Port Kent to join in the f'fslivals of vruions agricultural societies, 
of all whicli lie may be said to be tlie father; and finally by particu- 
lar solicitation, he attended, in October, }i>o1, the twcnly-seventh 
anTiivcr.sary of the JJerkshire society, at the venerable age of seven- 
ty-nine, and upon this occasion lie delivered his last address before 
the society. " It was his valedictory," as his son remarks, *'toalI 
these associations; and here appropriately terminated his ])nblic 
course." The closinj^ paragraph of his address was in the following 
words: " Permit me, gentlemen, bending under tlie weight of years, 
once more to bid you an affectionate — a final adieu. That tlie Eter- 
ual may continue to shower his benedictions on your heads, and 
inspire your hearts and those of your descendants in process of time-, 
to u[)hold and sustain the society in all its original purity, through 
many generations, is my earnest prayer: once more, a long, long 
farewell." 

The remaining five years (^f the life of Mr. Watson were spent at 
Port Kent, where, as his physical powers gradual!}' failed, attended 
at times with severe sutl'uring and prostration, he prepared in calm- 
ness and resignation for his departure. Ilis intellectriul powers re- 
mained unimpaired, and liis mental industry unal)ated. Ilis pen 
was his solace, aud his last thoughts clung to those themes to 
which his life had been consecrated. Ilis devotedncss to public 
concerns impaired his private fortune, while it attested the purity 
and disinterestedness of his motives. He died at Port Kent, Dec. 5, 
1S42, in the eighty-lifih year of his age. A plain and simple obelisk 
bearing an appropriate inscription, marks his grave. 

]*jlkanah Watson published among others the tollowing works; 

IJlsfon/ of Agricidtu rul Societies on the JModern Berkshire System. Svo, 
Albany, IS-JO. 

History of the Rise and Progress, and Existing Condition of the West- 
cm Canals in the State of New York, 1788-1819. Svo. Albany, 1820. 

The liise and Progress and Existing State of Modern Agricultural So- 
cieties. Svo. Albany, 1820. 

A Tour in Holland in 1784. By an American. Svo. Worcester, 
1790. 

Historii of Canals. 

^ In 1800, there were but few aen-icxiltural societies in the United States out of 
Massachusetts. In 1S31, according to a statt'iuout in J. S. Skinner's American 
Farmer of that year, there were 7St5 agricultural and horticultural societies in the 
United States — 44 of tliein in Massachusetts. Since then the number has greatly 
increased. 

According to the Patent Office Agricultural Report, page 91, for 185S, there were 
then in the United States Tii'J Agricultural societies, 43 Horticultural, and 70 Agri- 
cultural and Mechanical — makiug in ail 912 societies in whole oi in part for the 
promotiou of Agriculture ; aud this number Las greatly increased since that period. 

2 



12 



WATSON GENEALOGY. 

[By William Reed Deane, Esq., of Brookline.] 
From tLe Hist, and Gen. Rtgister, vol. xvii, p. 303. 

Tlio s\ini:inH', Wat.-^on, is evidi-ntly t'roin Wat, tlic nick iinnu' ov 
abbreviated form of Walter, with the teriniiiation, 5^72 ; whicli top^eth- 
er signify t/ic son of ^Vnller. Loner, in liis Pcdroiniviica liritaiirdai, 
f^ives Walters, Waterson, Fitz-Walter, Watt, Watts, Watson k,c. as 
derived from AValtcr, " a personal name of Teutonic origin" which 
"was not introduced until the Conquest." 
/v L Gf.orge' Watsox was one of the prominent early settlers of Ply- 
mouth. There is a tradition that his father was Robert and his 
mother Elizabeth, who camo with him and two other sons, the oldest 
named Robert atid tlie youncrest Thomas, to PhyMr.onth about t)iO year 
1632. We have met with no docnrnentary evid(-nce to conlirm this 
tradition; but the fact that there was, in IGoS, a v/idow Elizabeth 
Watsi-n, at r!}niouth, who assig'ned ov<^r inn" servant to Tiiomas 
Watson, lends j lausibility to it. Dr. Stiles in his History of Ancient 
]'ri?/(Zi«r givt.s another tradition that a faniily of seven luothers 
came to New England and settled in Massaciiusctts and Connecticut. 
ITc gives several generations of t!ie descendiints of Ridieit, of 
"VVinclsor, who li. Mary Rockwell Dec. 10, 1G4G; and items relative 
to others of the name. 
^/ George' W;uson was a ref^ident of the town of Plymouth in 1G33, 
and a freeman of the colony in 162T. In 1G35, he pureiiased f- 'i'.s'ell- 
ing of Dea. Richard Mastcrson, and became a householder. He 
married Phebe daughter of Robert Hicks, v,'ho was a passenger ia 
the Fortune in 1G21 ; and whose wife Margaret and daughter, Phebe, 
"witii the rest of tlie family, followed in the Ann, in the summer of 
1623. 

Mr. Watson was one of the most respectable and useful menibers 
of the early settlement at Plymouth, holding various oiHces of trust, 
and faithfully performing his public duties, while his prudence en- 
abled him to become quite independent, owning large tracts of laud. 
He reared up a family of four children, — three having died in infancy, 
— from wiiom have sprung many of the most uselul aud prominent 
men of the colony and state down to the present period. A silver 

bowl, of which a wood cut 
is here given, was brouqhi, 
by him, to this country; 
and has been carefully pre- 
served and handed down in 
the branch of the family to 
which it now belongs for 
more than two centuries 
,.;i-^and a quarter. It bears 
^__, _. .... .,?-^ Mr. Watson's initials, "g, 

-•.^^S- ■ ^Vlij^-^i^^' -'^^"' =^"~ w.," on its base. At his 

=^^~~ " .J- "l_ ■- :_ ii'-^""" decease in 1GS9, it fell to 
^^:£?-.::^^,^^s:_-.3-^-- [jjg daughter, Elizabeth, 

wife of Joseph Williams, of Taunton, and bears their initials," 'J ." 



X 








13 

Tlicn it pn.^sod, reqiiiiiiicj no cliuifi;^ of initiuls, to flieir <>'i-aii(l X 
d;ui^^^Iitcr, EIii:;iboth, boin at Xui'ton. M ircli 29, 1715-16, wife of 
Jacob White of Miitislicld, a d.-iii filter (jf Ilciijamin Willianis, v/ho 
t>nby?qu(Mitiy yiivc it to lit-r ji^rcat i^-sandsijii, Noheiiiiaii Hall, of^ 
jMaiislield, wlm.-it' iiiit ials, " N. H.," it tilso bears, and in wlio^e pos- 
session it now is. Seldom is sm-li an autlientic nieinorial preserved 
in any family so many <.^eneratii>ns. 

Mr Watson died Ja^n.' 31, 1GS9, in his 87tii year. His wife, Plicbc, . ^ 

died May 22, K>03. Tlieir cliildreii were:— (2) riidc-, m. Jan. 22, I If 4 /■ 
1050-7, Jonathan Shaw, and had cli.: fjK^nt. Jonathan",* b IGGo, d. . ■/ 

Jan. is, 1729-30, ros. Plympton, ni. Meliitabel Pratt, b. 1(107, <i. 1712 ;,\ 1 1 tf^j 
and Henoni',* b. 1072, d. Mar. 5, 1751, also of Plyiupton, m. ' _ _.. . 

Lydia Walennan, b. 1070, d. July 25, 1757.— (8) Marf, b. ab. 1011, "■ ' . ■} 

havir.g- d. Dec. 1, 1723, a. SI, m. Ahi:'. 21, 1G02, I'hmias Lciniard of 
Taunton; eh.: ]\[a'-y-!, Thomas'>, .I'lni '^ tieor^u'e \ S'^iHiel'',! Elkanah'*, 
James", a dau.-\ Seth-', Piiebe-', Ehzab'nli'; ler i:iarr'ay,es, dates and 
descendants, sec RcgisLerx, 411-\ and 407-13. — (l-) Ji'Iui', d. young'. — 
{h)\SnimLd'', twin v,-itli the follo'.vin^^, b. Jan. 18, 1047-S. — CO) Eliza- 
bef/ii b. Jan. 18, ]G47-8,![m. Nov. 28,' 1607, Joseph William^\.f Taen- 
ton.^md had ch.: Elizabeth-'^, Richard'', Meiiilabel-', Joseph'', Benja- 
nun-',* EbvMK z(.t'', rlid'c'' and Kie!ia;d''; for marriag-es and dates, see 
i?fn-. V, 4111.— (7^ 76/7;f;///rtn-' b. Mar. 9, 1051-2, d.3-nung-.— (S) EI/uc- 
■nali- -\-, the <'Uily son who g-rew np to manhood, b. Feb. 25, 1055— u, 
m. ill ] 070, Mercy ITedg'c, daugditer of William Hedge, and was drown- /"* 
cd in Plymouth Harbor Feb. 8, 1689-90. ' f 

8. ELK.'.NAir- W.VTSON, of Plymouth, by ^vi^e .Afer^^v, lad ch.: (9) '"■ 
EIkanjh:\ ,b. 1077.— (10) Winiom\ b. fo79.— (11) Gcorge\ b. lOSO.— "^ 
(12) Jofni' -\- b. l(>Si, m. 1st Jan. 20, 1715, Sarah dau. Of Daniel and 
Sarah (Apnl'.don) Kug-ers; m. 2d July 8, 1729, i'riscilla Thomas dau. 
of Caleb aiid Priscilla (Cap(m) Thomas. He d. Sep. 9, 1731. Thach- 
er in his History of Plymouth (p. 173) states that, he was supposed '/ 
to bo the richest man in the county at the time of his death. II- '"■ 

"- 12. John-MVatson' by his first wilYv'Sarah, had ch.: (13) Jvhn^ -\- ' 
b. Apr. 19, 1710, d. at Plymontli Jan., 1753,,m.'in 1743 Elizabeth dau. of "■^• 
Joseph and Phebe (Manchester) Peyidds of Bristol, R. I., b. 1722, d. y 



* Lieut. Jux.\Ti!.\N'" Sn.\w had a son SaiiimM', wliose son Ichabod"', had a dau. 

Sally-', whu m. JJr. Leiijaaiin t>hin.!i.l ui i'.o-ion luul was inolher of Dr. Naihaiiiel 

B.^ShiirtletTof Bo-ton. Dr. BiMijauiiu Shurtlell, him.-elf. was a descendant of Bh.noni^ 

SuAw, brother of Lit-Ut. Jonathan'' thiuu^li Abigail' Shaw; who b_y lier '2d hu.s. 

Lieut. Nathaniel Atlwuoil, had Abiirail' Attwood. who m. Benjamin Shuitleff, and 

■ was his mother. i\athaniel 1>." ShurtU If b. Jun- "Ji), 1810, m. Sarah Eliza Smith 

July IS, 1S30. Their eldest son was iho late Capt. Nathaniid B." Shurtletf, Jr., b. 

Mar. IC, 18o8, who fell at the battle of Cedar .Moinitain, Ang. <), ISti'i.-iJe^ xvii. SO. 

, f Samcf.l' Lf.onarD, ha 1 ailaus^hler Hazadi.di\ who HI. Rev. John Wales, and 

! had a (laughter Prudener' Wales, who i\\. Kev. l\'res Fobes, LL. D., and had a dau. 

1 Nancy** Fobes, wife of Rev. ^iiu. on I).'jfi,'-tt, and mother of Abby" D.^g'^'ett, who m. 

L^ Wi liam lieed Deane, the conii'iler of thi- urli.-l,.., and ti. May tj, ISlI I.— it^^^'-, xv, 2jt». 

j *Bk.njamI.n-' Wu.ma.ms had a dau. K.i.'.aueih', who m. J.icoli White, Uientionod 

I above in conneetion with the silver bowl ; and had a duiuditer Abiij;aiP vV'iiit.; who in. 

j Dea. John Deane ot Manslleld [R'S;. id. ■'>.'), ai d was uiothor of Jaeob'' Deane, now 

; living at Manslield, Mass.. father of Williftui Re.-d" Deane, who by wife Abby De-- 

j gidt, above, had four children, the eldest surviving' of whom is Major Samuel Blair' 

! Deane, of Lacon, 111. 



1-1 ' 



\j ... . < 

A 1150. — (14) Gol. Geors:c^ -j~ an opulent and liberal citizen of Plym- 
outh (sec. ThacLcr's Flvn.onlh, p. 217), b. July IS, HIS, d. Dl-c*! 3, 
1800, au:ccl S2:ni. 1st in"' 1747 Abiu-ail .!au.\.f Rirliaid Saltonstall, b. 
Oct. 28, 1728,(1. Mar. 18,1750; m. 2.1 Elizabeth dau. of Peter Oliver,. 
b. ab. 1735, d. Fob. 19, 17G7, a. 32; v-i. 3d Mrs. Phebe (Marstou) Scott, 
(wid. of John Scott of Newport,) who d. Oct. 28, 1825, a. 83 or 8G. 

By his 2d wife Priseilla, lie had cli.:— (15) William^ + b. May G, 
1739, d. Apl. 22, 1815, m. Elizabeth dan. c^f l';ipt. Betijamiji Maistoii'. — 
(16) i:/Av(7i«//i -j- 1). Fib. 27, 1732, d. Au.u-. 11, 1804; m. 1st Oct., 
1754, P;ititncr- sister of the precedini^ I^lizabeth, aiid a descendant of 
the Winslow and Pelham families {Reg. y.vVv, 161 and xviii, 172); i!!.^ 

V 2d. Mrs. Fanny Gh;ver, Jan., 1792. " -V^ V 

13. John' Wat .^ox, by his w. Elizabeth had ch.: — (17) J^^/i'* -|- b."^ 
•>^1747, d. Feb. 1, 1S2G, a. 78; m. 1st in 17G9 Lucia Marston b.' 1747, 

m. 2d. Eunice (Marston) Goodwin; grad. H. 17GG; was the sccoikI 
president of the Pilg-rim Society, as successor of Judge Joshua 
Thomas, and tiie litst vice president of the same; was one of the 
founders of tl'.e Old Oolo.'iy Club and the last surviving' member of 
that associiition of worthies. lie was the propriotor of Clark's 
Island, whero" the Pilgrims spent the Sabl)ath Dec. ^, 1620. He de- 
,/ lighted ii. ilio antiquarian asiociations of the place, and resided hero 
'^'' about forty year.^ of his life.— (18) Baiud'>.— {\'^) ElizahpJh^ 

14. Georoe^ \V.a.tsox, by 1st wife Abigail liad ch.: — (20) George'-, 
y--~ 11, d. young. 

./ yxBy 2d. w. Elizabeth \\(- had:— (20) Mary\ b. Apl. 15, 1754-, < 

f7'^ Jn. Elisha Hutchinson, s.-a of Gov. Thomas Ilutcljinsou'author of the''. 
! ^^^^^f History of Mcssachusctls Bay, and had ch., George Watson'', Rev. 
^ (^.\ John", Cation of Lichtbjlii, Eng., editor of the 3d vol. of bis grand- 
father's histovv; and MargaroL'\r^(21) George'' \). July 24, 1757, d. 
In'!-' Aug. 10, 1757r-r-(22) 6'rtr«A' b. Mar. 23, 1759, m. Martiu^Brimmer- 
Y ""' J , ,,,/ and had ch., Eliza Olivei-^-, George Watson'' d. in Italy Sept.,'IS4S .; 
iv\ '■■ • Susan'' m^ TIender!-on Iiielies^J and the late Hon. Martin", mavor of^. , 

'//■'" '■ Boston.— (23) iVir^/if/A' b. Aog. 29, 17G4, d. Sep. 14, 17G4.— (24) ' ' 
Elizahdh'', b. Feb. 19, 1767, d. Nov. 4, 1809; m. 1st Hon. Thomas 
Russell, '-.an opulent merchant of Boston; m. 2d. Sir Grenvillo Temple,/' 
Bart., and had ch. Augusta Gronville", Sir Grenvillo'', Lt. Col. Jt)lin''-, '- 
•v.,Elizab(;th .Augusta'^', and i>[atilda Margaret". — See Reg. x, 76. -';^ 

15. WiLLiA.M' WAT:r"ON', by wifo Elizabeth, hadch.: (25) William''. — ; 
(26) Eliza'; d. Apl. 16, 1835, a. 76; m. Nov. 22, 1789, Hon. Nathan-L 
iel Niles,^of West Fairlee, Yt.,b. Apl. 3, 1741, d. Oct. 31, 1828, a 
■writer of smne note, grad. Princeton Coll. 1766, >[. C. 1791-5, (see 

i memoir in L'ougngotional Quarterly v. 33-41) and had Elizabeth', Na- 

'>v_thauiel", Samuel', William Watson'' and Nancy L.''-V(27) Be)ijamin''.,\ 

— (28) Ellen'' m. Hon. John Davis, LL. I)., editor of 71/«/7o/t'i- J/t-worzo/, 

aud liad ch., Elhm Watson'', Sarah'' m. M. A. Plimpton, John \Y.*'' m. 

'J S. II. Tolman, iVLarcia • ui. M. A. White,"Eliza M. m. Hon. William Stur- 

_■', gis, Ellen AV.'' m. Rev. E. S. Gi^odwiu of Siiu.lwich. •■ "'• 

16. Er.KAN'AH- Watso\, by 1st w. Patience had ch.: — (29) J/a rs/rn''{\ 
+ b. May 27, 175ii, d. at Hoston Aug. 7, 1800, m. Mar. 30, •1779^ \ 
Lucy dan. (.'o!. John and .Joanna (Raymond) Lee of Manchcvster, Mass. 
(Ist'Mass. Hist. Coll. Vdi., 80.) ;— (30) ElLna/r -^ b. Jan. 22. 1758; ^ 
t!. Dec. 5, 1842, m. 1784 Racliel Smith; see memoir, Reg. xvii, 97-105.—/ 







\ (31) iV?>4/Z:i4 b. Sept. CO, nno, m. Nov. 13, 180S, Josiah Cotton. 
• > (:;2) Jlnrt/0-^K Oct., mv:, .1. uumd. An'r. 2C, 1S40, at lloxbury. 
(33) Liicia'-<\ Nuv. 11, 1705, d. :it Freetown .\rar. 20, 1791." 
^ I}y 2(1 \v.l/aiii.y. lie had cli.: — (34) C/una: Lce'\ d. yoiKirr. — (35) ^"-v 
^ Lucia'', in. ])r. Thomas Drew, and had ch. Frances Elizalx^-tli'', Thom- 
as'' of Bobtuii, has edited several newppancrs, Lucia. Watson'',' Elka- 
iiali Watsou'', d. in infancy, Corntdia'',' Artlinr Lee'', Herbert xMarrfton", 
^jLkilled at t!ie batth- of Anlietiun, and Martha Fiske''..::<_ ">-^ 

/ \l7. Joii.v' \yAjso.v, by Irit w. Lucia, iiad_^ch.:— (36) John"", m. 1794 X" 
• Fanielia llinvard,"^and had ch. Elizabeth Pi.hni. Mr. iJrcwster,^ SallyV 
M.' rn. ChaiTes Mack, 'Lucia. MarstonX, Daniel HJ.wf. Betsey, Eunice'"-^ 
and Nancy'. — (37) George ;'-\- m. Elizab(;tii Lea(_ti,'_ndH) is now living'x 
at Fo.xbury.— (3y) S(iUii\^—'(^c,^) BenjnminY n\. ISO^:.!:^ B. Stur,';^is,-Ni 
and^lj.ad ch., Lucrelia^Vnn'T'd. younrr,' Lncretia Ami'; ni. IT. B.VGood-— 
■win'^^OIizabeth }dillei","Tji'iijamin Marston",,d. young',' Benjamin ^lars-N 
ton" proprietin" of the " Old (Jolony^Xurseries/'Viiiid J. ^li'XJ4'h"^'-rK 
(40) Lucia' , d. yonnj:::.-^(41) I^7ixia''',in. 1799/\JuhjA,\Tayl(jr, ianil Viiad' 
_gh., I^ucia'.'d. 1^1^.' ^ViHiarn' d.\'ounp,v'Jea"'netre' m.TP. WJ^sW'an-en,'^ 
'^and Williani^ji. E. U.^Yihr. — [A2)-^(i'niel'' m. lS10"m. Susan' Suddl<-v-,,-<5.^ 
•and had ch.:i Susan Au,u-ii.st'a'.Tn. E. K. CoMon.'— (43) WiUianf,' d.'-- 
young-.— (44) Willlima ', m. IT/DelaTio-^ch." WiHiam'VGeorg-eV-Alm^lr. j**/ 
ida.— (45) .M'iadow v ni^ 1813, IL L. Gotjdwin ;,cli. WinsloWv)Vatson',"f"». / 
m. Louisa Gibbcn.s, ai"id'I']lizaueth Gre^'";— ^■(46) Brochs'^y"^'- 
-^ By 2d w. Eunice he had ch.: — (47) Edicard Winslow'',M\\b present 
owner and Q.ccupant of Clark's Lslaml._(4S) Enza ^l7m''.— (49) Al- , ■'^\ 
)^hert Mnriij/icr" m. Nov7^83l"/r>\.bigaiI Burgess, and had ch.-,~^Janies' I 

_^-Marston^, Edward Winslow', AnHMt ^[ortimer\and Nathan Burges'', .,--" 
29. ^L\p.3T0N.''. Watson, b}' w. Lucy, iiad cii.: — (50) Benjamin Ma^rs- '*' 
X^o?^'^ d.XVug. 31, 185li''at Newton, m. 1st Aug.' G. 1809, Eliza Par- 
; \ons;'-'m. 2d Roxana Davis.-v-(51) Lacy"', d. ApL 13, 17Sl.;--(52) Mar^ ' 
tha J\larstu7i''\ d. June 9, 181.0. m. Dec. 11,. 1808, Thomas' Cushin.g, of . 
Boston. — (53) /-.uxij Lee'', d. Feb. 4, 1807^r— (54) Sail}/ Jfarin Bac/icco'',-:.. . ^ 
d. x\pl. 21, l$31,\m. Thomas Welch.— (55) irtj/rrt Adrindne,'-(\. unm. at 
Roxbury. — {b'o) \ Ihnnj Munmmdk', d. Aug. 9, 1805.— (57) Ifnrace,- 
Howard'' m. Thirza lIol)art. — (58) Eliza Consianlia/'-iw. 'Jan. 6, 1813, '>/ '. 
^ Thomas Cushing,' and has a sou Tliomas" Gushing, 'A. M., princijial > 
"of the Chauncy Hall School, Boston. — (59) A;::^nes Lcc' ((50) Almira'\ :■''" 
— (61) Rev. Jolin Leo'', + D. D., gr. IL C. 18f5, minister of Trinity , 
ch., B(;ston, 1836 to 1846, and now chaplain U. S. Navy, m. Jan. 20,/^ 
1828, Elizabeth West, daughter of John and Abigail (Crocker) '"---. 
^V(^st. — (G2) Adolphibs Eugene'', m. 1st Louisa C M. Stoughton, St'p. 
23, 1823; m. 2d Eliza Mellen. Oct. 8, 1835; m. 3d. Susan L. Fergu- 
son Mar. 26, 1845."-^— >■ 
fv 30. ELKAXAn'' Watson by w. Rachel had ch.: (63) Emily My b. . 
1791, d. Jan., 1827, at DetVoit, Mich.;, m. 1816 George B. Earned, son\ 
,<of Simeon Earned of Pittslield. — (64) George Elkanah'' b. Aug. 22;' 
*" 1703, d. at Detroit Jan. 13, 1819; m. Lucy (.lau. ilon. Nathan Willis-^ 

■'»v his wife wid. <jf Elkahah Doggett, of Mid.lleboro, wJK^se 

,i(ien name was Fearing')"^and had soil George Charh's". — (^60) . 
ary Lucia'', h. 1797, d. at Sing Sing, Nr.'Y., lijoo; m. Jan.,' 1S20, 
3n. Aaron' Ward, son of Moses Ward,\b. 1785, C^ipt. in U. S. artuy 
513-14; district attorney for WestchcUcr county, N. Y., 1821; .M. ^ 






I \ 






^ 



Tv^' 



:w^ 



16 



ERRATUM. /■ 

Fage 3, Hues 3 ami 4, for the sixth in di'seent from Robert Wat^oji' who canve 
to Plymouth in 16"J.i, read tlie lit'lh in doscont horn George \Vat.-<uU(Avho came to < 
I'lyiiiouth about lOolI. 'g 



C. 1825-29, 'r,l-3T and '41-43; and liad ch., Emily M.', Mary H.', "' i 

Catliarino S.^, Josephine'^ ni. Ji;lin R. TliompsouTlias the Ccpley paint- j 

; ^nj^ of hor <;randfatlh'^r"l]lkanali'' W^at'son)'; and Vir,L,'-iiiia.<~-(GB ) C/wr/f^ ! 

\Marston' b. 1799, ni. !>-c. 12, 1850,' Elizabeth B. Shank!-.Mid and had ! 

cli., Virginia C', Enirna Kate", iirid Lizzie l)iilceb;'lla". — (GT) Window j 

Cossoul' -f b. Dec. i-i.'lSOo. i^ow living- at Port Kent, N. Y.; m. 1st \ 

Frances dau. of ilichard Skinner of Manchester, Vt. (iZe:^-. xviii., 314), ! 

b. Aug-. IS, ISOS, d. ApL 26, 1829; m. 2d May 18, 183^ Susan Skin- | 

iier, oldest .sister of the precediii^^-, b. May 31,' 1804, d. Jan. 20, 1845; 

"/ m. 3d',. June 18, 1858, Elizabeth xV. Patterson. , 

37. Gf.op.gk' Watson, by wife Elizabeth, had cli.:— (68) Elizahct/fi \ 

Leach' ,^ m. William SteveiKs.-^(69) Eunice JIarston'i — {10} Anna J] la- )\ ; 

ria')-A-{7 1) El/id Jane'. -^{12i) Caroline. Lucretia^.f-^iTPt) Sarnh Briin-:^ 

■^mer''.—{1i) 6V/r.o-fi-._(75) John''.i-{'l&) Hanimh Emi/f-'-j^ill) FMe , 

-'^.Jeanefte''.~^[1S) Henrietta Frances'' , \n. T. Kettridge of An'dover. ■■', 

01. Rev. JoHX L.'^ Watsox, l)y wife Elizabeth, had ch.: — (79) La- -^ 

cy Ltf' d. Sep. 29, 1831.— (80) Ellzaheih I]1>,s/' d. May 20, 1831.— \ 

(81) Marston' m. Oct. 4, 1860. (Jlara Van Wagenen".— (82) Evihr. — \ 

(S3) James Otis'. — (84) Elizabeth'. — (85^ Arthur Lee'. — (86) Geor,s;e \ 

- Herberf .—{SI ) John JJmry'.—(SS) Tvilliavi Crosioell' d. July 13, ' j 

1849. — (S9) Auhy Lori:'g~ Iwiu with preci.-ding. — (90) Herbert U^ins- ] 

low'' d. 1851. j 

07. WixsLow C' Watson, by 1st w. Frances, liad ch.:— (91) Ilich- '' \ 

■ord Skinner', b. ai Manchester, Vt., Apt. 21, 1829. * . • j 

f^"-^'. By 2d w. Snsan. he hud ch.:— (92) V/inslow Chark:f' b. at Platts- j 

{ l-nrgh, N. Y., Jan. 19, 1832.— i;93) Fmnces Skinner' b. Aug. 5, IS3G, ! 

■'^■•■>— -at Manchester, Vt. — (94) Susan SUnncr' b. at M. Dec 7," 1839, d. — ■' 

'■"V / Doc. 3, 1802.— (95) 2Iary EaiUy' b. at Port Kent July 19, 1842. ; 

-- I 

Note. — Robert Ilicks, fathi^r of Phobe wife of tiie first George Watson, lived in ] 

Eermondsej street, Southwark, about the year ItJlO, and was a feihnongi^r or (b'aler ' 
in liides. See Clement Brigg'-s dt position in the Rc::istcr, ii., 244, of which deposi- 
tion an abstract is printed, in connection with the Hicks genealogy, in Deaue's 

X; Scituate, p. 2S4. . ,• • i