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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



MEMBERS 



Indiana State Government, 



STATE AND lUDICIAL OFFICIALS, 



Members of the 5 ist Legislative Assembly, 



1879, 



THE INDIANAPOLIS SENTINEL COMPANY, 
Prikteks. 



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i THE ^i[:^v v.r*: 
ipiJBLlC LlBrAC^" 

A •TOR. LP- *."-■. an:^ 

ILCZN FO'-' :n Da I.JN 
R i-^i?"^ L 



EXPLANATORY. 



Obstacles almost insurmountable are in the way of a series of correct 
biographical and personal sketches, such as are herein presented. Gen- 
tlemen are dilatory about furnishing even data or statistical information, 
feeling a delicacy about sounding their own praises, or fear that such an 
inference might be drawn. The publishers of this volume have spared 
no trouble nor pains to make these biographies, in brief, true as to the 
record of each man's deeds — "giving unto Caeser the things that are 
Caeser's." Many of the sketches have been written by the talented 
poetess, Mrs. Emily Thornton Charles, who, over the nom de plume of 
Emily Hawthorne, has contributed so largely to the best literature of 
Indiana, and Rev. W. W. Hibben, the well-known "Jefferson" of the 
Sentinel. The scissors have been brought into use also to obtain in- 
formation from the newspaper exchanges, and a few sketches have been 
furnished by personal friends of the members. 

Trusting the little volume may stand as a memorial of the General 
Assembly of Indiana of 1879, we remain, ■ • 

Very respectfully, 

LEGISLATIVE PUBLISHING CO. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2007 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/biographicalsketOOindi 



BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES. 



JAMES DOUGLASS WILLIAMS, 

GOVERNOR OF INDIANA, 

Was born in Pickaway county, Ohio, January 16th, 1808. 
His parents ware of Scotch-Irish blood on one side and 
Welch English on the other — which combination may account 
for his strong qualities, mental and physical. His ancestors 
came to this country about the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
tury and adopted agriculture as a profession. George Wil- 
liams, the father of the Governor settled in Ohio at an 
early day in the history of that State, from whence he 
removed to Indiana, settling in Knox county, where the 
Governor still resides. The opportunities for education of 
the present Governor of Indiana were limited to a few win- 
ter sessions of the very common schools taught b}' the old- 
fashioned pedagogue, whose scholastic attainments were 
bounded by the alphabet on one side and simj^le arithmetic 
on the other. His means of social culture were equally- 
meagre, hence he is a plain, blunt man oi strong common 
sense, a good representative of the hard working, honest 
yeomanr}' of the West. The father of Governor Williams 
died in 1828, leaving a family of six children of whom James 
was the eldest. He remained at home, assisting his mother 
in the care of his brothers and sisters, until his marriage in 
1831 to Miss Nancy Hoffman, the daughter of a neighboring 
farmer, when he purchased a quarter section of wild land 



6 EXECUTIVE. 

and erecting a log cabin began the toilsome yet pleasant task 
of making a farm and making a home in the wilderness. 
On that farm he still resided with the wife of his youth and 
their children, but the farm has increased by repeated addi- 
tions purchased from time to time, until it contains over two 
thousand acres, and the improvements are of the most sub- 
stantial sort. (This in brief is a sketch of his domestic life). 

His public career has been a marked and distinguished 
one, commencing in 1839 when he first entered upon his 
duties of Justice of the Peace in a small western community. 
In 1843 he was elected to the State Legislature, since which 
time he has been in public life almost constantly, having 
served seven years in the House of Representatives and 
twelve in the Senate, making fifteen years service in the 
State Legislature. In 1855 he was chosen to represent his 
district on the State Board of Agriculture, which position he 
filled for sixteen years, filling the office of president of that 
body for four years with marked ability. In 1874 he was 
elected to Congress from the Second Congressional District 
by the unprecedented majority of eight thousand votes. 
Even before his term m Congress had expired James AVil- 
liams was nominated by the Democratic State Convention 
for Governor of Indiana in 1876, and was elected in October. 
While in Congress he was chairman of the Committee on 
Accounts ; he prosecuted economy with such vigor that the 
force of clerks and employees was cut down one-third and 
a corresponding diminution in salaries was brought about. 
He has now filled the gubernatorial chair for two years to 
the entire satisfaction of the public. 

Personally, Governor Williams is possessed of marked and 
rugged characteristics, being six feet four inches in height 
and weighing about one hundred and seventy pounds. He 
is always clad in a suit of Blue Jeans of which the yarn was 
spun and colored and the clothes made by the hands of his 



EXECUTIVE. 7 

wife. At the age of seventy -two his black hair is only 
slightly mingled with gray. He seems as young as a man 
of fifty, and is a splendid type of the rugged pioneer who 
hewed the way through trackless forests and reared the cab- 
ins of the early settlers. 



ISAAC P. GEAY, 

LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR, 

Is a native of Chester county, Pennsylvania, where his par- 
ents were born. They moved to Ohio in 1836. Governor 
Gray moved to Union City, Indiana, in 1855, where he still 
resides. Is by profession a lawyer. Was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Morton in 1862 Colonel of the 4th Indiana Calv- 
ary. Also raised and organized the 147th Infantry in 1864. 
Was the candidate of the Anti-Julian party in 1866 for Con- 
gress. Was elected State Senator in 1868. In July, 1870, 
was appointed by President Grant consul to St. Thomas, and 
confirmed by the Senate, but declined the appointment. Was 
a delegate at large to the Liberal Eepublican ^N'ational Con- 
vention of 1872, at Cincinnati, and appointed by the Conven- 
tion member for Indiana of the National Committee. His 
name was placed before the Democratic State Convention of 
1872 for Congressman at large, but was withdrawn by his 
orders. His name was again placed before the Democratic 
State Convention of 1874 for Attorney-General, and again 
withdrawn by him. The Convention of 1876 nominated him 
by acclamation for Lieutenant-Governor. 

There are few gentlemen in the State of Indiana who are 
possessed of more executive ability ; a thorough diplomast 
and tactician. His official moves are characteristic of the 
strict disciplinarian, while his calm exterior and reflective eye 



8 EXECUTIVE. 

betoken one, who far-seeing and imperturbable, watches the 
approach of the enemy dauntlessly, and whose aims in the 
battle of life are made with a success that denotes military 
and almost unerring precision. 

Personally, Colonel Gray is rather above the medium, finely 
formed head and regular features, blue eyes set rather far 
apart, a broad brow shaded by dark clustering curls, a fair 
clear complexion, great suavity of manner which almost belies 
the firmness and decision which becomes apparent when an 
emergency arises, as was evidenced in the adroit manner in 
which he so recently organized, and has presided over the 
Senate. He is already named as a prominent candidate for 
Grovernor in 1880, and as a public speaker no one in the 
State excels the presiding officer of the Senate. 



JOHN GILBEET SHANKLIN, 

SECRETARY OF STATE, 

Is a native Indianian, was born in the classic city of Evans- 
ville (now Lamasco), Yanderburg county. His father, the 
late John Shanklin, was a native of Donnegal county, Ire- 
land, emigrating to this country about fifty-six years ago. 
Locating in this State, he entered into active business, and 
at his death left a large landed estate. Mr. Shanklin's educa- 
tion was obtained at the public schools of Evansville, thence 
he entered the Kenyon College, Ohio, graduating in 1863, 
when he returned home and commenced the practice of law, 
and in 1863 was appointed Prosecuting Attorney of the First 
Judicial District, which position he held for eighteen months. 
In 1866 he went abroad and after a tew months travel he 
entered the law department of Berlin, graduating therefrom 



EXECUTIVR. 9 

in 1868. The greater part of the three years of his absence 
was spent in Germany, where he had the benefit of the finest 
instructors. Keturning to Evansville he joined his brother, 
George Shanklin, in the publication of the Evansville Cour- 
ier. In 1870 Mr. Shanklin received the nomination for the 
State Legislature, leading his opponent, Mr. Heilman, a dis- 
tinguished German citizen, who has since been elected to Cong- 
ress, two hundred votes. At the Democratic State Convention 
of 1878, Mr. Shanklin received the nomination for Secretary of 
State over a number of distinguished and popular gentlemen, 
among them Mr. D. S. Gooding and Mr. John P. Cravens. 
He was elected in October following, and was introduced in 
his official capacity in January, 1879. Mr. Shanklin has but 
one brother living, George W., the editor of the Evansville 
Courier, and one sister, who is the wife of the late Chief 
Justice Supreme Court United States. 

Personally, Mr. Shanklin is tall, Avell formed and stately, 
wearing the polish of travel and the address of the courtier, 
being fully six feet in height. 



MAHLOJST D. MANSON, 

AUDITOR OF STATE, 

" The Hero of two "Wars." General M. J). Manson was born 
in Piqua, Onio, February 20, 1820, but has been a resident of 
Montgomery county, Indiana, for a period of thirty-six 
years. He was a druggist by profession but forsook the 
manufacture of medicated pellets to dose the enemy with 
leaden pellets in the Mexican war, in which he served as 
Captain of Company I, 5th Indiana Yolunteers, and was at 
the City of Mexico with General Scott. He was a member of 
the Indiana Legislature in 1851. He was afterwards a pri- 



10 EXECUTIVE. 

vate, then Captain, Major and Lieutentant-Colonel of the 
10th Indiana Infantry during the war of the rebellion and 
served with such valor that he was distinguished by the 
appointment of Colonel of the regiment and served for three 
years as such. He was with Geo. B. McClellan in West Vir- 
ginia, and was appointed Brigadier- General by Abraham 
Lincoln in 1862. General Manson was badly wounded three 
limes while in the service of his country, and was a member 
of the 23rd Army Corps during the campaign before Knox- 
ville, Tennessee. He was in 1866 nominated for Secretary 
of State by acclamation, and for C )ngress in 1868, running 
against Godlove S. Orth. He was only defeated bj four 
hundred votes in a district which was Eepublican by two 
thousand. In 1870 he was elected to Congress, defeating 
General Lew Wallace. In 1872 General Manson was the 
noPuinee. but was defeated by Judge Cason by only one hun- 
dred and ninety-seven votes. He was for three years Chairman 
of the Democratic State Central Committee, and like the gal- 
lant warrior led the party on to victory when came the Ides 
of October. In 1878 he was nominated for Auditor of State, 
entered into the campaign with all the spirit of a veteran 
and was elected by a large majority. He is now installed in 
office and has entered upon the duties of his high position. 
The General is blessed with a noble minded wife, and has a 
family of sons and daughters, all grown but one. He is of 
commanding presence, and his head is surmounted with nair 
now like the snows of winter. He is kindly hearted and un- 
assuming, generous and impulsive. 



EXECUTIVE. 1 1 



WILLIAM FLEMING, 

TREASURER OF STATE, 

Was born on the seventeenth dtiy of June, 1829, at Avoca, 
Wicklow county, Ireland. He came to America in 1846, and 
settled in Fort Wayne, Allen county, where he has resided 
ever since. At the age of seventeen he taught a country 
school. Shortlj^ after he began to learn the stone cutter's 
trade, which he worked at until 1859, when on account of ill 
health, he abandoned the business and engaged as Deputy 
Sheriff of Allen county. His employer, the sheriff, died 
soon after and he was appointed Sheriff; was his own suc- 
cessor by election in 1856, and was re-elected in 1858. In 
1861 Mr. Fleming was again appointed Sheriff, and was 
elected Clerk of Allen county in 1862 ; was re-elected in 186() 
— served until 1870, since which time he has been engaged 
as a manufacturer. Mr. Fleming has published the Fort 
Wayne Sentinel since 1875, and is still its proprietor. He 
was educated in the National Schools in Ireland. 

Mr. Fleming has a dignified presence, a clear penetrating 
eye and pleasing manners. 



THOMAS W WOOLLEN, 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL OF STATE, 

Mr. Woollen is a native of Maryland, and was born in 
Dorchester county of that State in 1830. He came to Indi- 
ana in 1848, locating in Madison, Jefferson county. Here he 
was soon employed as Deputy Clerk of the Circuit Court. 
Subsequently he engaged as Deputy County Treasurer of his 
county, and had entire control of the office for two years. 



12 EXECUTIVE. 

In 1854 he was nominated by the Democrats for Treasurer of 
the county but was defeated by the Know Nothing element. 
He then applied himself to the study of law, and in 1856 
removed to Vernon, Jennings county, and commenced the 
practice of his profession. He shortly afterward removed to 
Franklin, Johnson county, and entered in law partnership 
with Hon. J. D. New. In 1860 the Democracy nominated 
him for Circuit Judge, but he was defeated by Greneral John 
Coburn. In 1862 he was elected to the Legislature from 
Johnson county, where he occupied a leading position in the 
deliberation of that eventful session. He was subsequently 
elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas; serving two 
years as such, he resigned the office and resumed the practice of 
law. In 1872 he was again elected to the Legislature, and 
was an active member of the Judiciary Committee. From 
1872 until 1878 he was engaged in the lucrative practice of 
his profession, until in February, 1878, he was nominated by 
the Democratic State Convention lor the office of Attorney- 
General : was elected with the entire State ticket in October 
following, and has been in office now some two months. 
Judge Woollen is of commanding stature, over six feet in 
height and weighs some two hundred and twenty-five 
pounds He is affable, and his character is unimpeachable. 
He is an able lawyer and well fitted for the duties of his 
position. 



JAMES H. SMAET, 

STATE SUPERINTENDENT PUBLIC INSTRUCTION, 

Was born in Center Harbor, N. H., June 30, 1841. He taught 
school for several j^ears in New Hampshire, and came to 
Toledo, Ohio, in 1863, where he taught in responsible posi- 



JUDICIAL. 13 

tions for two or three years. He was elected Superintendent 
of the Fort Wayne, Ind., schools in 1856, since which time 
he has been a member of the State Board of Education. He 
remained in this position ten years, and the excellence and 
high standard attained by the Fort Wayne High Schools are 
largely due to his efforts. During six years of that time he 
was also identified with the country schools as " County Ex- 
aminer." He was elected State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction in 1874, again in 1877, and for the third term in 
1878. He was President of the State Teacher's Association 
in 1873. He was appointed one of the assistant commission- 
ers to represent the United States at the Paris Exhibition in 
1878. having been previously identified with the interests of 
the State at the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia. He 
received the honorary degree of A. M. from the State Uni- 
versity in 1871, and the same degree from Dartmouth College 
in 1873. 

Mr. Smart is tall and slenderly formed, and of delicate 
appearance ; has light hair, blue eyes, and side whiskers. He 
is possessed of great mental activity and physical energy, 
which render him more peculiarly fitted for a position of so 
much responsibility, and of such manifold duties. That he 
has been three times in succession elected to this position 
proves more strongly than words might, that he is assuredly 
"the right man in the right place." 



SAMUEL E. PEEKINS, 

SUPREME COURT JUDGE, 

Was born at Brattleborough, \ ermont, December 6, 1811. 
Left without parents or property before he was five years of 
age, he was adopted by AYilliam Baker, a farmer of Conway, 



14 JUDICIAL. 

Mass., with whom he lived until he attained his majority. In 
this time, by the aid of three month's schooling in winter, 
and by devoting rainy days and evening to books, he 
had received a good English education and commenced the 
study of the dead languages. He continued his studies in 
various schools, working mornings, evenings and holidays to 
pay his board, and occasionally a quarter in vacation to 
raise money for tuition and clothing. The last year of this 
course of study was spent at the Yates County Academy, Penn 
Yan, New York, He then commenced the study of law at 
Penn Yan in the office of Henry Waller. In the fall of 183G 
he came alone, on foot, to Indiana, a strangor in a strange 
land, not being acquainted with a single individual in the 
State. His first winter was spent in close reading in the 
office of Judge Borden in Eichmond, Ind In the spring of 
1837 he was admitted to the bar, and opened an office in 
Kichmond. At the same time he commenced editing the 
" Jeffersonian," the Democratic organ of the place. In 1843 
he was appointed Prosecuting Attorney for that Judicial 
District, and in 1844 was one of the Electors who gave the 
vote of the State to Mr. Polk. In the winter of 1843, and 
again in 1855, he was nominated by Gov. Whitecomb to a seat 
on the Supreme Bench, but not confirmed. Jn 1644 was 
again nominated, and this time confirmed by the Senate, re- 
ceiving a two-thirds vote. In 1852 and 1858 he was elected 
to the same office. In 1864, at the expiration of his term of 
office, he began the practice of law in this city. In 186- he 
became editor of the Herald, the Democratic organ of the 
State. In 187- he was appointed by Gov. Baker to the 
Supreme Court, and was afterwards elected twice to the same 
position. In 1876 he was again elected to the Supreme Bench 
for six years At the expiration of the present term he will 
have served on this Bench a quarter of a century — longer on 
the bench than any other, except Judge Blackford. In 1857 



JUDICIAL. ]5 

he was appointed Professor of Law at the North Western 
Christian University where he served several years, and in 
1871-2 he was Professor of Law at the State University at 
Bloomington. And it should be a matter of pride and satisfac- 
tion to him to remember as his students such men as Hon. A C. 
Harris, Senator from Marion ; Hon. George W. Grubbs, Sena- 
tor from Morgan ; Hon. L H. Fowler, Senator from Owen ; 
Judge D. W. Hovve, of Marion Superior Court; Judge C.N. 
Pollard, of Kokomo ; Hon. C. L. Holstine, Deputy United 
States Attorney for Indiana : Hon. John A Holman, Judge 
Marion Superior Court, Hon. John A. Finch, and others. In 
addition to the immense labor disposed of as one of the 
Judges of the Supreme Court, in 1858 he prepared the "Indi- 
ana Digest," and in 1859 produced the "Indiana Practice," a 
work, at the time, of no less importance and requiring much 
labor in its preparation. His character as a judge was molded 
very much by those of Judges Blackford and Dewey, with 
whom he was associated. 



HOEACE P. BIDDLE, 

SUPREME COURT JUDGE, 

Is a native of Ohio, and is about sixty-six years of age. 
Since 1836 he has been a citizen of Cass county. He lives 
on an island near the city of Logan sport, where the Wabash 
river holds upon its bosom the Island Home of Judge Biddle- 
This gentleman is a most remarkable man. For thirty-five 
years he was prominently before the public, and as popular 
as prominent. From 1846 to 1852, and again, after an inter- 
val of eight years, from 1860 to 1872, he served the Eighth 
Judicial District as Judge of the Circuit Court. On the occa- 
sion of his last election, he received every vote cast for the 
office, having no opposition. He was a member of the Con- 



16 JUDICIAL. 

stitutional Convention of Indiana in 1850, and participated 
prominently in the proceedings of that able body. In 1857 
he was elected to the Supreme bench, though, through a mis- 
construction of the law by the Executive, he never received 
his commission. 

When not engaged in the discharge of the duties of office 
Judge Biddle has been busy in the practice of his profession, 
with marked ability and marvelous success. Three years 
ago he abandoned active professional life, resolute in his 
determination to enjoy the comforts of his sunny home, free 
from the cares and perplexities that attach to business. This 
resolution was only shaken by the nomination of two State 
conventions (Democratic and Independent,) for the Supreme 
Bench, to which he was elected hj a very large majority. 

Judge Biddle is known as an author. Besides being an 
extensive contributor to leading newspapers and magazines, 
he published in 1858 a volume of poems ; in 1860 a treatise 
on the musical scale, with a revised edition, which is received 
in England as the standard work on the subject; in 1867 a 
scientific work on music, purchased in copywright by Oliver 
Ditson, of Boston, and held as a standard work; in 1868 
another volume of poems, with a second edition of the same 
in 1872; in 1871 "A Eeview of Professor Tyndall's Work 
on Sound," (the propositions wherein he differed with Tyn- 
dall have been lately proved true by the microphone, and are 
now accepted in London,) and in 1873 a large volume of 
poetry, entitled " Glances at the World." In the year 1876 
he published a poem of about two hundred pages, entitled 
"American Boyhood," abounding with sketches of primitive 
customs and log-cabin life. During the summer of 1877 he 
perfected a new musical instrument, the tetra-chord, which 
develojDS his musical theory. In addition to these works. 
Judge Biddle is the only scientific writer on music in 
America ; has printed two volumes of poems, not for general 



JUDICIAL. 17 

circulation, and has in manuscript enough prose and poetry 
for two other large volumes. Modest and unassuming, large- 
hearted and grand-thoughted, of the most unswerving integ- 
rity and adherence to justice, none know him but to love 
him, none name him but to praise. 



GEO. V. HOWK, 

SUPREME COURT JUDGF, 

Is a native of Clarke county, Indiana, was born in the year 
1825, and graduated at Asbury University. Judge Howk has 
had the experience of thirty years legal practice in Floyd and 
Clarke counties, in the former of which he now lives. He was a 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas of that district under 
appointment of Gov. Willard, refusing a nomination for re- 
election at the expiration of his term, though his triumphant 
election was a foregone conclusion if he could have been in- 
duced to accept. In 1863 he represented his county in the 
lower branch of the Legislature, and was senator from Floyd 
and Clarke in 1867 and 1869. He has the reputation of being 
a number one man in every respect. He is large, well pro- 
portioned and of commanding presence. He is a conscien- 
tious, careful, painstaking and industrious worker, well inform- 
ed in general matters and thoroughly posted in the law, his 
knowledge of which comes as much from a large and extensive 
practice as from hard study. He has a wonderful capacity 
for retaining and using what is once laid away in the store- 
house of his memory. His honesty has never been question- 
ed. One-fourth of his business life has been spent in office, 
but no man has a clearer record ; no man's hands are freer 
from the suspicion of the stain of jobbery and corruption. A 
sound Democrat, he is the farthest possible removed from a 
mere partisan. Fair, candid and unbiased, he is an upright, 
intelligent, honest and incorruptible judge. 
2 



18 JUDICIAL. 



WILLIAM E. NIBLACK. 



Was born in the western part ot New York in 1825, but re- 
moved to Martin count}", Indiana, when quite young. He 
was educated at the State University at Bloomington, and 
entered upon the practice of law in Martin county about the 
year 1847. He was elected to the State Legislature for the 
long seseion the year following the Constitutional Convention 
of 1850. This session was not restricted as to length of sit- 
ting, and continued from December, 1851, to June, 1852. 
Mr. Niblack was a conspicuous and active member. Daring 
the year 1854 he was appointed by Governor Wright Judge 
of the Circuit Court, and in the meantime having removed to 
Tincennes, he was subsequently elected Judge for a term of 
six years. Before that time expired, however, in 1858, he 
was elected to Congress from the First Congreseional Dis- 
trict. He was in 1860 re-elected. In 1862 he was again re- 
turned to the Legis-lature from Knox county, and during the 
session of 1863 acted as Chairman of the Committee on Ways 
and Means. At the close of that session he was appointed a 
member ot the Mditary Auditing Committee, serving two 
years. In 1866 Judge Niblack was again elected to Congress, 
and was successively re-elected for eight consecutive years. 
At the October election of 1876 he was elected to the Supreme 
Bench for a term of six years, where he has no v served about 
two years. Judge Niblack is a man yet in the prime of life, 
and with suoh a past record as his life presents, his future 
career may become still more bright. He is of social dispo- 
sition, a valued member of society, and possessed of the ex- 
cellent qualities of a statesman. 



JUDICIAL. 19 



JAMES L. WOKDEN, 

SUPREME COURT JUDGE, 

From the Fourth District, first bes:an life among the beau- 
tiful Berkshire hills in Massachusetts, where he was born May 
10th, 1819. His parents reaioved to Portage county, Ohio, 
during his early life, and his education was obtained in the 
common schools of that State. He studied law and commenced 
practice in Cincinnati, and in 1844 he removed to Whitey 
county, Indiana, where he was elected Prosecuting Attorney. 
In 1849 he settled in Fort Wayne, where he has ever since 
resided. In 1855 Mr. Worden was appointed by Gov. Joseph 
A. Wright as judge of the Tenth Judicial Circuit, to which 
office he was afterwards elected without opposition, filling the 
same until January, 1858. when Governor Willard appointed 
him to the vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge W. Z. 
Stuart as judge of Supreme Court. He was elected to the 
same office in November, 1858, and held the office from that 
time until January, 1865. He was again a candidate, but, with 
the whole Democratic ticket, was defeated. In 1870 he was 
again elected to the Supreme Bench and re-elected in 1876, 
and is now serving his third term of six years each. Few 
gentlemen in the State have enjoyed by election and appoint- 
ment so many positions of judicial eminence, performing his 
duties to the public's satisfaction, and securing the confidence 
of the people of the State. Judge Worden has a wife, and 
family now grown, who reside in Fort Wayne. He is very 
partial to horse-back riding as a healthful exercise, and is a 
genial, socially inclined gentleman. 



20 JUDICIAL. 

GABRIEL SCHMUCK, 

CLERK OP SUPREME COURT, 

Is a native of Ehenish Prussia and was born in Sobernheim, 
June 13, 1833. He attended the common schools of his native 
country from his fifth until his twelfth and the high school 
from his twelfth to his fourteenth year, when his father emi- 
grated with his family to the United States in February, 1848. 
After residing two years in Pennsylvania he removed toCan- 
nelton. Perry county, Indiana, where he has made his home 
since 1850. In 1859 the citizens of Perry county proved their 
appreciation of the excellent qualities of the young man by 
electing him Recorder of that county, in which position he 
served them four years. For the next ensuing eight j'ears, 
or until 1872, we find Mr. Schmuck filling the position of 
Clerk of the Circuit Court, and in 1872 was elected to the 
State Legislature of 1872 and 1873. He has acted as Cashier 
of the Tell City Bank and is engaged in milling. He was 
elected Clerk of the Supreme Court in 1876. Personally Mr. 
Schmuck is a fair type of the native Prussian, courteous and 
polished and of dignified bearing and of a military aj^pear- 
ance. He is a staunch Democrat. 



AUGUSTUS N. MAETIN, 

REPORTER OF SUPREME COURT, 

Was born at Whitestown, Butler county, Pennsylvania, March 
23, 1847. and is consequently at this date but thirty-two years 
of age. His parents were Irish-Amerieans. His father was 
Auditor of Butler coanty, Pennsylvania, three years. The 
son was educated at Witherspoon Institute, Pennsylvania, 



LEGISLATIVE. 21 

and Eastman College, Poughkeepsie, Xew York. In the 
earlier part of the war he enlisted in the 58th Eegiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and participated in the chase after 
John Morgan through the border States and assisted in his 
capture in Ohio. This occurred when Mr. Martin was " only 
a boy *' of sixteen. He soon after entered the 78th Eegiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and served therein until 
discharged for disability from ill health in August, 1865. In 
1869 he came to Indiana and located at Bluffton, where he 
began the practice of law, soon building up a lucrative busi- 
ness. In 1876 Mr. Martin was elected to the State Legisla- 
ture, representing the counties of Adams and AVells, where he 
soon made himself conspicuous by his active interest in legis- 
lation, where his voice was always lifted for the benefit of his 
constituents and the interests of the Democratic party. 
Having been born a Democrat he knows no change of faith. 
Mr. Martin is a gentleman of fine appearance, tall and sym- 
metrical, clear complexion, dark blue eyes, and glossy black 
hair inclined to curl. He is married, and his wife is an able 
assistant in the duties of his position, to which he was elected 
on the Democratic State ticket. His term commencing in 
January, 1877, will continue for four years. 



JOHN BENZ, 

SENATOR FROM CRAWFORD AND HARRISON, 

Was born in Germany, and is forty-five years of age. He 
has been in America for thirty years. A tailor by trade, he 
knows how to cut his cloth in any sort of material. His solid 
intelligence and high integrity as a citizen has given him the 
respect and confidence of the people of Crawford county, 
where he resides. In 1876 he was elected Joint Representa- 



22 LEGISLATIVE. 

tive for the counties of Crawford and Orange, and in 1878 he 
was elected Senator from Crawford and Harrison counties. 

A Democrat of the old German school and a firm believer 
in the rights and privileges of the people, Senator Benz is 
prepared to vote on all measures which will secure these 
blessings. 

He has the full confidence of his constituency, and we have 
no doubt he will prove himself ready for every legislative 
emergency. 

As he is ever watchful of every legislative movement 
that will be of service to his constituents, while he makes 
no assumption of displaj" in oratorical flights or empt^' bom- 
bast, he is in earnest in what he advocates and an effective 
though quiet worker. His post office address is Leavenworth. 



THOMAS S. BEISCOE, 

SENATOR FROM BLACKFORD, JAY AND GRANT. 

Senator Briscoe is a lawyer, and resides at Hartford City. 
He represents the Senatorial District composed of the coun- 
ties of Grant, Blackford and Jay. 

The Senator is a Marylander by birth, and was born in 
Kent county of that State, October 10, 1828. He read law 
in Maryland, and was admitted to the bar in 1852. He was 
a citizen of Iowa for ten years, from 1853, and came to Indi- 
ana in 1866, settling first in Fort Wayne and then in Hart- 
ford City. 

Original in his character and unyielding in energy, the 
Senator has about him many of the elements of a successful 
politician, as well as an able Senator. He will not be found 
sleeping at his post or standing back in case of opposition ; 
for, indeed, in some cases, he rather courts antagonism, and 



LEGISLATIVE. 23 

most generally counts on the victory because of his ability 
to hold on and out. 

The Senator prides himself a little on the fact that though 
his district was six hundred Eepublican, he carried it by fifty 
six majority. Senator Briscoe is undoubtedly loyal to his posi- 
tion and a true man. He is an uncompromising Democrat — 
holding tenaciously to the great principles that the people 
have the right to govern. With him this has been a cardinal 
principle. He is decided in his belief that labor is of divine 
origin, and as such should be respected by all capital and 
capitalists. The attempts of capital to dictate to labor is 
tyranny. He thinks it should be the first duty of all legis- 
lative bodies to protect labor by good and wholesome laws, 
and that such acts should be passed as will fully protect 
workingmen. 



BAKTHOLOMEW H. BUERELL, 

SENATOR FROM JACKSON AND WASHINGTON. 

It seems to be a matter of wonder to many how some men 
develop themselves They see the boy in his teens, an awk- 
ward, uncouth, and as thoughtless as the rabbits he chases in 
the fields. But when a few years have passed away they 
behold him a man of position, of intelligence and power. 
The jears which have rolled over him have been years of 
study, and the theory of per.^onal dilligence and integrity 
has directed his life. 

Such has been the issue, as we gather it, in the life of Sen- 
ator Burrell. Dating his birth near Brownston, Jackson 
county, in March, 1841, where he has made his home ever 
since he has grown up, on the soil of his birth, paying his 
own way from the beginning. G-raduating at the State Uni- 



24 LEGISLATIVE. 

versity in 1864, and in the law department in 1865, he at 
once began practice in the county of Brownstown as a part- 
ner with Colonel Frank Emerson, with whom he has had a 
partnership, with the exception of a few years while Emerson 
was serving as judge, up to the present time. The law firm of 
Burrell & Emerson, of Brownstown, is well known as being 
honest, capable and reliable. The reputation of Senator Bur- 
rell is above reproach, and his election to the Senate from the 
counties of Jackson and Washington demonstrate the fact 
that his record has been one of the highest integrity. Genial 
and liberal in his associations, and eminently practical in his 
duties and obligations, the senator has thus far given full 
satisfaction to his constituency, and if his professional duties 
will allow of it, it would doubtless be well for him to remain 
in this same relation for years to come. 



NATHAN CADWALLADEE, 

SENATOR FROM RANDOLPH COUNTY, 

Only son of Abner and Mary W. Cadwallader, was born in 
the village of Eochester, Warren county, Ohio, July 12, 1826. 
His father was born and raised in Virginia; his mother, 
Mary W. Thomas-Cad wallader, was a native of South Car- 
olina. In the year 1832 the son with his parents removed to 
Indiana, settling in Eandolph county. The subject of this 
sketch was deprived of anything like a scientific education, 
the advantages of that day being very meagre, the ordinary 
school term being two to three months winter school in what 
is remembered as the "Log School House." In 1840 the 
father died, leaving the son (at the age of fourteen) with his 
mother to manage the farm and provide for the family. At 
the age of twenty-one he engaged in mercantile business, 



LEGISLATIVE. 25 

selling goods almost continually till February 20, 1865, when 
in company with Col. Isaac P. Gray (now Lieut. -Governor) 
he organized the Citizens Bank at Union City, Indiana, of 
which he has been since its organization the President In 
politics he was a Whig until the Eepublican party was organ- 
ized, since which time he has been a warm advocate of its 
principles ; as such he was elected to the State Senate in 1876. 
His parents belonged to the Society of Friends, to which doc- 
trine he more closely adheres than to any other. 

Mr. Cadwallader is one of the finest looking men who grace 
the Senate, of handsome physique, having a clear olive com- 
plexion, dark blue eyes and iron gray hair, calm and rather 
quiet, as " Friends " usually are. He serves his constituents 
with ability and reflects credit on their selection. His post- 
office address is Union City. 



RICHAED L. COFFEY, 

SENATOR FROM BROWN AND BARTHOLOMEW, 

Eepresenting in the Senate the joint interests of Brown and 
Bartholomew counties, is a native Indianian ; was born in 
Blooraington, Monroe county, May 7, 1835, and is therefore 
now in his forty-fourth year. Mr. Coffey was educated at 
Franklin College, and in 1859 graduated in the law course of 
the State University ; was in 1864 engaged as a teacher in 
the free schools until located in Nashville, and settled down 
to the practice of his profession. He presents a notable in- 
stance of the office seeking the man rather than the man 
seeking the office; was elected Judge of Common Pleas Court 
in 1870 (to till the vacancy occasioned by the resignation 
of present Attorney-General Woolen) ; was re-elected in 



26 LEGISLATIVE. 

1872, and held the position until legislative enactment abol- 
ished the office ; was nominated for the Senate by the county 
convention, and hesitated some time before acceding to the 
wishes of his friends. Ke accepted the nomination and was 
elected by a large majority. Was born a life-long Democrat, 
and always acted with the party. Mr. Coffey has been mar- 
ried to his present wife some thirteen years, and has four 
children — three boys and a girl — by this marriage, and a 
daughter, now married, by a former wife. 

In personal appearance Mr. Coffey is dignified and stately, 
being fully six feet in heighth, dark brown hair, full beard 
bordering on the auburn in shade, kindly blue eyes, which 
betoken the good qualities of his heart, a gentleman of true 
impulses and right acts. He is a member of the Presbyte- 
rian Church, and just the kind of man needed in every com- 
munity. Kashville is his Post Offioe. • 



DANIEL W. COMSTOCK, 

SENATOR FROM WAYNE COUNTY, 

Is an Ohioan by birth, was born in Germantown, Mont- 
gomery county, in that State, December 16th, 1840; is con- 
sequently about thirty-nine years of age. He was educated 
at the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, from which 
college he graduated in 1860. He very soon thereafter re- 
moved to Indiana, and was elected District Attorney for the 
Eleventh Common Pleas District of Indiana in 1862. During 
the first year of his term, however, he espoused the Union 
cause in the war of the rebellion, and entered the service as a 
private soldier, served "three years, or during the war,' and 



I.EGISLATIVE. 27 

was honorably discharged with the rank of captain, August, 
1865. 

In 1866 Mr. Comstock located at Kichmond,Wayne county, 
where he has ever since resided. He was elected City At- 
torney of Eichmond in 1867, and was elected Prosecuting At- 
torney of the Circuit Court, of which Wayne county formed 
a part, for the terms beginning in 1872 and 1874. 

In 1878 he was nominated by the Eepublican county con- 
vention, and in the fall elected to the senatorial body of the 
State Assembly, where he is now serving with conscientious 
integrity the people of his district. He is a gentleman of dig. 
nified manner, and very modest and unassuming; he is a 
quiet, yet decided, and an efficient worker. In appearance 
he is prepossessing, being nearly six feet high, and well pro- 
portioned, weighing about 175 pounds, very dark hair, black 
eyes and clear olive complexion, classical looking features 
and smooth-shaven face. He is married and has a family. 



BENJAMIN L. DAVENPOET, 

SENATOR FROM ELKHART, 

Was born in Shelby county, Ohio, July 2, 1824, but came 
to Indiana, settling in Elkhart in the year 1842, and ie thor- 
oughly identified with State interests. His education was of 
the common school order, and he worked on a farm until he 
was sixteen. That the poor farmer lad should have risen 
from that position by industry, honesty, and close application 
to business, to take rank with the leading manufactures of 
this country and assume the position of a leader in public 
enterprises, is a flattering evidence of the manner of man he 
is who has so nobly acquired this prominence, and so ably 



28 LEGISLATIVE. 

represents the interests of the northern section of the State. 
Mr. Davenport has been for 23 years a merchant, and is now 
the President of the First National Bank of Elkhart, but is 
largely intererested in milling and manufacturing, having 
two paper mills making about 8000 pounds per day or nearly 
3,000,000 pounds of paper per annum, and flour mills that 
turn out per year about 25,000 barrels. These manufactur- 
ing interests give employment to a large number of men and 
women, and thus contributes to the prosperity of the com- 
munity. With voice and purse he has always encouraged 
those social, business, and moral enterprises which build up 
a community. 

A man of acute judgement, excellent administrative abil- 
ity, generous and public spirited, of unswerving integrity, 
and untiring energy, he presents a fine type of the represent- 
ative man. Senator Davenport has always taken an interest 
in politics, and is a Eepublican through honest convictions. 
His predecessor was elected by 131 votes, while he received 
a majority of 722, as a testimonial of his personal popu- 
larity. He was married in this State, his wife a well pre- 
served, handsome lady, is still living in Elkhart, and have a 
family of five daughters, upon whom no money nor pains 
have been spared to render them cultured and accomplished. 
The eldest is highly educated in music and has a well culti- 
vated voice of great compass and sweetness. Mr. Davenport 
is very tall and slender, and of very gentlemanly appearance. 



O. P. DAVIS, 

SENATOR FROM VERMILLION AND PARKE. 

This gentleman who may be said to hold the balance of 
power this time in the Senate Chamber, was born in New 
Hampshire, and is about sixty years of age. He is of Weiih- 



LEGISLATIVE. 29 

English descent and has the attributes of strength character- 
istic of these nationalities. Mr. Davis left New Hampshire 
at the age of eighteen years after having received the rudi- 
ments of knowledge to be acquired within the narrow walls 
of the old log cabin school house. From New^ Hampshire he 
went to Canada, remaining there however but a short time 
he returned to "the land of the free." Stopping for a brief 
while in the western part of New York, he wended his w^ay 
to the then far west and located in Greencastle. Indiana, in 
the year 1838, where he read law with Hon. "Ned" McGaughey 
of that city. Not long afterward he removed to Yermillion 
county and was engaged in the practice of law about five 
years. In 1850 he was elected a Democratic Senatorial dele- 
gate to the Indiana State Constitutional Con'vention. In 
1853 Mr. Davis represented his Democratic constituents of 
Parke and Yermillion in the Senate Chamber, and Avas 
re-elected to the same position in 1857. Now after a lapse of 
twenty years Mr. Davis is again elected to the State Senate 
by the residents of Parke and Yermillion counties, his con- 
stituents belonging to all political parties. He cast his vote 
for Mr. Yoorhees. For many years Mr. Davis has followed the 
occupation of a farmer ; has a large farm on the Wabash 
river, where he raised in 1878 no less than fifty thousand 
bushels of corn. Mr. Davis was so unfortunate as to lose the 
wife of his youth, when his boys and girls, of whom he has 
four, were yet small. They are yet living, the two daughters 
attaining to womanly beauty, and the sons having almost 
reached to manhood's estate. 

Porsonally, Mr. Davis is a refined and well read gentle- 
man, kind hearted and generous, rather below the medium 
size; his gray hair is coombed smoothly over a fair full brow, 
beneath which, look forth dark blue eyes, clear, frank and 
penetrating. Senator Davis resides at Opeedee, near New- 
pore. 



30 LEGISLATIVE. 

FEANCIS MARION DICE, 

SENATOR FROM FOUNTAIN AND WARREN, 

Was born in the village of Chambersburg, Fountain county, 
Indiana, August 27, 1845. 

His father, Jacob Dice, was born in Eockbridge county, 
Va , of German parentage, and came to Fountain county 
when the subject of this sketch was five years old, where he 
has ever since resided. His mother, Mary J. Eynearson, who 
was born in Ohio, of English parentage, came to Fountain 
county when she was quite a child. 

His father was a mechanic, and was in early manhood an 
itinerant minister of the United Brethren Church. In 1851 
his father was elected Eepresentative from Fountain county 
to the Legislature. He was also during the late war Cap- 
tain of Company C, 154th Eegiraent Indiana Volunteers. 
During boyhood Francis M. Dice attended the public 
school in winter and farmed during the remainder of the 
year. In the fall of 1862 he attended school at Wesley 
Academy, near Crawfordsville, taught school in winter, re- 
turning to the academy in the spring. 

In July, 1863, he enlisted in the 116th Eegiment of Indiana 
Volunteers, and, serving until the expiration of its term of 
service, was mustered out with the regiment March 1, 1864. 
During the summer of 1864 he again taught school, and in 
the fall entered the preparatory class at Asbury University, 
where he graduated June, 1868, having completed the classi- 
cal course of six years in four, teaching a term of school 
during that time and reading law. 

In the fall of 1868 he read law in the office of Colonel Wm. 
C. Wilson, of LaFayette, but during the winter taught school 
near his father's home, who had removed to his farm near 
Veedersburg, Ind. In March, 1869, he commenced practice at 
Covington, Ind., where he has ever since resided, engaged in 
the practice of his profession. 



LEGISLATIKE. 31 

He was married to Miss Mary F. Thompson December 28, 
1871, to whom three children have been born, all living. In 
December, 1872, he purchased the Covington Eepublic, which 
he edited for two years, in addition to attending to his law 
practice. In the fall of 1875 was elected Senator for four years 
from the district composed of the counties of Fountain and 
Warren, over the combined opposition of the Democratic and 
Independent parties. He has been a Eadical Eepubliean 
ever since the existence of the party. During the session of 
the Legislature of 1877 he served as a member of the follow- 
ing committees : The Judiciary, on Elections, on County and 
Township Business, and on the Organization of Courts. 



ISAIAH DONHAM, 

SENATOR FROM VIGO, 

Was born in Clermont county, Ohio, May 12, 1810. His 
father was of Spanish descent and his mother Scottish. He 
was married at the age of twenty-three and came with his 
bride to Vigo county in 1833, being one of the pioneer set- 
tiers of Western Indiana. With the exception of a few years 
residence in Clay county he has lived in Vigo ever since. He 
has always been a farmer, and to the credit of his industry 
and brain be it said, a successful one. Three good-sized farms 
add their wealth and beauty to the State as the result of his 
labors. His present residence is on a farm of more than five 
hundred acres, in the southwestern part of the county, known 
as the "Twin Grove Farm," all of which has been taken from 
the wilds of nature since the year 1850. In his earlier years 
he made several trips to New Orleans as a flat-boatman, car- 
rying the products of his farms and those of his neighbors to 
that distant market. The incidents of these " voyages " are 



32 LEGISLATIVE. 

not the least interesting of the many events of his busy life. 

In politics, through all the vicissitudes of party strife, Sen- 
ator Donham has always been a consistent Democrat. He 
has been frequently favored with positions of trust and honor 
by his party; was continued in the office of Township Trus- 
tee as long as he would accept the position. During the war 
he was nominated as a candidate for the Lower House in the 
State Legislature, but the county went overwhelmingly Ee- 
publican, as it had done for many years, and he was defeated. 
In 1870 he was again nominated and elected. In 1876 he 
received the nomination for State Senator. There were two 
other candidates in the field, but he was triumphantly elected 
to the position, which he now holds. 

In private life Mr. Donham is an esteemed citizen, an 
affectionate husband and a kind and indulgent father. Mrs. 
Donham is still living, and the family reunions, which occur 
twice a year, are looked forward to by parents, children and 
grand-children with fond anticipation and earnest delight. 
His postoffice address is Hiley, Yigo county. 



T. J. FOSTEE, 

SENATOR FROM ALLEN, 

One of the youngest and one of the most able representa 
tives on the floor of the Greneral Assembly of the State of 
Indiana, was born in Findlay, Hancock county, Ohio, March 
18, 1849, of American parentage, where he was educated in 
the common schools. Entering the army when a mere boy, 
he served as a private soldier in the Forty-first Eegiraent, 
Ohio Volunteers, and particij^ated in the battles of Nai^h- 
ville, Franklin and others. After the war he settled in In- 
diana, and drifted into journalism, and edited the Monroe- 



LEGISLATIVE. 33 

ville, Indiana, Democrat in 1870. Mr Foster established and 
edited the Fort Wayne Free Press in 1874, and in 1875 es- 
tablished the New Haven Palladiara, in which city ho now 
resides, and which paper he continues to edit and publish. 
Mr. Foster is one of the members of the Board of School 
Trustees of his town. He was elected a member of the Lesjis- 
lature from Allen county in 1876, and was elected State Sen- 
ator in 1878 to succeed Senator Bell. Senator Fostor is a lib- 
eral minded and prot^ressive Democrat. He started in the 
world without a dollar, and is a fine example of what indus- 
try and close application will accomplish To have been 
elected to the Senatorial body at the early a<je of twenty-nine 
is a fine testimonial of the appreciation in Avhich he is held 
by his constituents. He is one of the most intelligent lesjis- 
lators on the floor, and is a fine specimen of mental and phy- 
sical manhood, of medium size, a pleasant conversationalist, 
and an able reasoner, has blue eyes, dark hair, clear complex- 
ion, dark mustache, and has the easy, graceful manners of 
the polished gentleman. Senator Fostor has a fair-faced wife 
and one child. 



INMAN H. FO\YLER, 

SENATOR FROM CLAY AND OWEN, 

Was born in Eaton, Preble county, Ohio, June 7th, 1834. 
His father became a citizen of Indiana in 1836, and resided 
in the county of Tippecanoe, and from thence he removed 
to Wappelio, Louisa county, Iowa, where he died in August, 
1839. The family returned to Indiana, and the Senator be- 
came a student at Wabash College where he received his lite- 
rary training. In 1858 he settled in the county of Owen, 
3 



34 LEGISLATIVE. 

where he has resided ever since. In 1861 he was elected 
Clerk of Owen Circuit Court. In 1865 he was re-elected to 
the same office, serving the count}^ in this capicity for nine 
yeas. In 1871 ho graduated in the law college of the State 
University, and at once began the practice at Spencer, in the 
various courts where he now resides. In 1876 he was elected 
to the Senate. As a Senator he has shown the modest mien 
of a careful thinker, and the prudent action of an experi- 
enced legislator. He served, with marked efficiency, two 
years ago rs chairman of the committee on Charitable and 
Reformatory Institutions, and also a member of the commit- 
tee on Fees and Salaries. The present session finds him 
again chairman of the committe on Charitable and Reforma- 
tory Institutions, and a member of the committee on Educa- 
tion and Railroads. 

The dignified courtesy and sound abilities of Senator Fow- 
ler give him prominence in the Senate, and his influence is 
always tenaciously in favor of the most conservative and 
economical legislation. Senator Fowler is rather delicate 
looking, but never fails in the duties of his position and his 
voice is ever lifted, and his influence exerted for the public 
welfare, and is thoroughly identified with the principles of 
Democracy. 



MILTON GARRIGUS, 

SENATOR FROM HOWARD AND MIAMI COUNTIES, 

Was born September 21, 1831, in Wayne county, Indiana. 
His father, Timothy L. Garrigus, was a noted preacher in the 
early history of the State. The family resided from 1837 
until 1840 in Marshall and St. Joseph counties, and in How- 
ard county since 1846. He was raised a farmer. Mr. Garri- 



LEGISLATIVE. 35 

gus is a member of the State Teacher's Association, and has 
taught school no loss than seventeen terms His uncle, 
Jeptha Garrigus, served in the Legislature from Parke in 
1835 and 1836. The Senator has a brilliant war record, hav- 
ing been in service nearly four years, entering as a private in 
the 39th Eegiment. He was promoted successively to 2nd 
Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 137th Eegi- 
ment, and Captain in the 142nd Eegiment, also acted as Bri- 
gade Inspector in the 20th Army Corps. In civil life he has 
filled the position of Postmaster from 1859 to 1861 at Green- 
town ; was admitted to the bar in 1859, which profession he 
now follows. He served two terms as School Examiner, and 
has been for the past three years School Superintendent of 
Howard county. He has always been an earnest working 
Eepublican, and has been chairman of the County Central 
Committee for the four years preceding. Captain Garrigus 
is a member of the City Council, was elected State Senator in 
1878 by a majority of four hundred and forty-three. He is 
chairman of the Committee on Finance and Education. Capt. 
Garrigus isa citizen of Kokomo, where with his wife (formerly 
Susan iM. Whiteneck) whom he married in 1853, and family 
now resides in a commodious residence. Of six children liv- 
ing, two daughters are married, Lida A., to O. W. Outland, 
of Miami, who lives in Howard county, and Ada A., to John 
W. Stonebaker, of Hagerstown, Wayne county. 

Senator Garrigus is a member of the I. O. O. F., and also 
of the Masonic fraternity. He is an earnest temperance man, 
and an exemplary member Qf the Christian Church. 



GEOEGb] W. GEUBBS, 

SENATOR FROM MARION AND MORGAN, 

Was born in Franklin. Johnson county, Indiana, on the 26th 
day of September, 1812. Was graduated at Franklin College 



36 LEGISLATIVE. 

in June, 1862, with honors, in a class of which President 
Stott, of Franklin College, and General T. J. Morgan, Pro- 
fessor in Chicago Theological University, were members. 
Immediately after graduation he volunteered as a private 
in Compan}^ I, 70th Eegiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
commanded by General Ben. Harrison. During the year 
1862 he was successively appointed Second vSergeant and First 
Sergeant of his Company and Sergeant Major of the Eegi- 
ment- In 1863 he was commissioned First Lieutenant of 
Company F, Seventieth Eegiment. In 1864 and daring the 
Atlanta campaign he served as Assistant Adjutant General of 
the First Brigade. Third Division, Twentieth Corps, on the 
staff of General Ben Harrison, participated in all the battles 
of the campaign and was honorably mentioned for gallant 
and meritorious services, was slightly wounded at the battle 
of Peachtree Creek July 20, 1804. In IS^ovember, 1864, 
Senator Grubbs was commissioned as major of the Forty- 
Second U. S. colored infantry, and assisted in organizing 
that branch of the service; participated in the Nashville cam- 
paign, and was mustered out in February, 1866, and imme- 
diately entered the law office of Porter, Harrison & Fish- 
back, Indianapolis, Ind ; graduated at the Indianapolis Law 
School, and in 1868 removed to Martinsville, Morgan county, 
and commenced the practice of his profession. In 1872, as the 
Presidential Elector for the Seventh Congressional District, 
he cast the vote of his district for Grant. Senator Grubbs 
was a prominent member af the House in the Fiftieth General 
Assembly, a candidate for Speaker of the House and was Chair- 
man of the Judiciary Committee. Personally, is of medium 
size, graceful and handsome, liberal minded, and particularly 
interested in all matters of progress. He is in this position a 
credit to the State and the district he represents. 



LEGISLATIVE. 37 



ADDISOjS' c. haeeis, 

SENATOR FROM MARION, 

Is a native Hoosier, and was born in Wayne county, Indiana, 
near where the city of Eichmond now stands, in the year 
1841, and is consequent!}^ thirty-eight years of age. His an- 
cestors were Xorth Carolina Quakers, who came to the "JN'ew 
Purchase," as Indiana was then termed, in 1809. Mr. Har- 
ris, the subject of this sketch, was reared as a farmer's boy. 
Obtaining the rudiments of an education in Wayne county, 
he completed a collegiate course at the Northwestern Chris- 
tian Univer3ity (now Butler), where he graduated in June, 
1862. He soon thereafter began the studj^ of law, attending a 
course of lectures under Judge Samuel E. Perkins, whose legal 
eminence is attested by the fact that he has been a member 
of the Supreme Court for nearly a quarter of a century. 
After Senator Harris was admitted to the bar he began the 
practice of his profession, forming a partnership with Mr, 
Dye, under the firm name of Dye & Harris. The firm pros- 
pered, and Mr. Harris soon proved his ability in the posses- 
sion of a lucrative and successful practice. Several years 
since Senator Harris was married to Miss Julia Crago, of 
Connersville, who had graduated from the same university, a 
most intelligent and intellectual little lady, well-fitted to 
stand by his side through life or before the bar. 

In 1876 Mr. Harris was elected to represent the Eepubli- 
can element of Marion county in the Senate Chamber, where 
he acquitted himself admirably, taking rank with the 
leaders of the Assembly, and introduced an amendment to 
the Constitution limiting the power of cities, towns, counties 
and townships to create indebtedness — a very important 
measure. During two sessions he has been an active 
member of the Judiciary Committee, and is a member of the 
Committee on Eailroads. Mr Harris is a liberal minded gen- 



38 LEGISLATIVE. 

tlcman and a statesman. His bill relating to the rights of 
married women, which passed the Senate this term, is well 
worthy (.special mention. Personally, Mr. Hariis is a hand- 
some, thoughtful looking gentleman, with regular features, 
clear skin, blue eyes and a profusion of dark brown hair. 



T. B. HAET, 

SENATOR FROM WARRICK AND PIKE, 

Is the son of a soldier — his father, who was born in Mercer 
count}', Kentucky, having served in the war of 1812. He, 
with the rest of his brothers, came to this country in com- 
pany with their father. With the exception of a short length 
of time, spent the remainder of their daj's in Warrick county, 
Indiana, and most of them in what is known as Hart town- 
ship. His father died at the age of 62, with heart disease, 
leaving his mother with a number of little children, of whom 
he was the eldest, aged 19. His father having requested him 
to remain at home with his mother and assist her in provid- 
ing for the 3'ounger brothers and sisters, he complied with 
the request and remained at home on the farm until he was 
28 years of age. At the age of 29 he was married to J. H. 
Stone's daughter, a noble hearted and affectionate lady. His 
mother was born in South Carolina, and is still living, 74 years 
age, but feeble in health. Her whole delight has been to 
raise her children in the way they should go and prepare 
them for future happiness. His business has been that of 
farmer and stock dealer. He has received a common school 
education ; has never occupied any official position ; never 
was an aspirant until he was solicited to accept the nomina- 
tion for the Senate from Warrick and Pike. His majority in 
the two counties was 899. He dischareges his Senatorial 
duties with marked ability. Personally Mr. Hart is tall and 
slender, with dark eyes and hair, modest and unassuming. 
His postoffice address is at Booneville, Ind. 



LEGISLATIVE. 39 



DAVID J. HEFEON, 

SENATOR FROM DAVIESS AND GREENE, 

Was born in Jennings county, Indiana, on the eigteenth day 
of February, 1842. His parents came to this country from 
Ireland in 1831, removed to Daviess county and settled on a 
farm in the spring of 1847, where his father died in July, 
1851. He received a fair common school education and after 
arriving at man's estate, for a few years taught school in 
winter time and worked on a farm by the month in the sum- 
mer. Thus he accumulated a little money and attended col- 
lege at the State University two years. He entered the law 
school at the TJniversit}^ in 1868, and in February, 1869, 
located in Washington and commenced the practice of law. In 
1871 the citizens of Washington showed their appreciation of 
his executive ability and sterling worth by electing Mr. Hefron 
to the office of Mayor, and by re-electing him to the same 
position in 1873. He was elected by the Democracy of Davi- 
ess and Greene to the State Senate, representing those coun- 
ties therein in 1876 — filling a vacancy occasioned by the 
resignation of Andrew Humphries, who was sent to Con- 
gress. Mr. Hefron performed his duties ably, and fulfilled 
his obligations to his constituents in this position, and was 
again elected to the Senate in 1878. By birth, education and 
conviction. Senator Hefron is a consistent and unswerving 
Democrat. His present law partner is Hon. John H. O'Neal, 
of Washington, Daviess county. 

Mr. Hefron is about the medium in size, blue eyes and fair 
skin, hair and beard of the red-gold color, now so fashion- 
able. He has a finely formed head, indicative of excellent 
brain force, and fine perceptions ; physically, he is delicate 
looking, but has a constitution recuperative in tendency, and 
a fine nervous organization. He is an able and active worker 
in the Senate and serves on important committees. ^ 



40 LEGISLATIVE. 



WILLIAM HEILMAN, 

SENATOR FROM VANDERBURGH, 

One of the most prominently known among the members of 
the present Senate. His residence is at Evansville, and he 
represents the County of Vanderburgh. Mr. Heilman was 
born in Albia Ehein Hessen, Germany, October 11, 1824. 
He has resided in E"i^ansville since 18-43. He is one of the 
largest manufacturers of that city, and is immensely popular, 
personally, in the southwestern portion of the State. He was 
elected to Congress on tlie Republican ticket last fall in the 
old-time Democratic Pirst District by a majority of eight hun- 
dred and twenty-nine votes. He was elected to the Senate 
from the County of Vanderburgh in 1876 by a majority of seven 
hundred and three. Mr. Heilman was originally a Whig, 
and acted with that party until its demise, when he assisted 
in organizing the Republican party, and has acted with that 
organization ever since. He was a member of the House of 
Representatives in 1871, and has been a member of the Com- 
mon Council of Evansville four or five times. Mr. Heilman is 
one of the most influential members of the Senate, and one of 
the most prominent Republicans of the State. His name is 
frequently mentioned in connection with the Republican gub- 
ernatorial nomination next year. Personally, Mr. Heilman 
is one of the large men of the Senate, weighing over two 
hundred pounds, of rotund figure, and face smooth shaven. 
He is genial looking and pleasant. He is married and his 
wife accompanies him to the capital. 



CHARLES KAHLO, 

SENATOR FROM CASS AND CARROLL, 

"Was born in Magdeburg, Prussia, Jul}' 4th. 1840. His father 
was a merchant tailor in humble circumstances, still he had a 



LEGISLATIVE. 41 

high aim in life and desired to have his children respected 
and useful. In 1857, when Charles was eleven years old, he 
emiccrated to the United States and located in Defiance, Ohio. 
Soon after this Charles started out to paddle his own canoe, 
and eno^aged with a dry goods merchant, working for his 
board, clothes and schooling. From year to year his em- 
ployer gave him new places of trust and a salary equal to 
that of those much more advanced in years. In April, 1861, 
he enlisted in the three-months service with the Fourteenth 
Ohio regiment and was elected Second Lieutenant, and again 
in September following in the three years service, as First 
Lieutenant in the Thirty-eighth Ohio regiment, serving his 
adopted country three years. In 1861: he was married to 
Cornelia Colby. This union has been blessed by six children, 
four of whom still live. 

After the war, Senator Kahlowent into the manufacture of 
wagon and carriage wood stock at Defiance, Ohio, and in 1870 
removed to Logansport, Ind., continuing in the same busi- 
ness. He is now employing 120 men, and serving as presi- 
dent of the company. In politics he has always been Repub- 
lican. In June, 1878, he was nominated unanimously, and 
in October was elected for State Senator from Cass and Car- 
roll — the first Eepublican elected from that Democratic dis- 
trict. In personal appearance Mr. Kahlo is handsome and 
distinguished looking, punctilliously polite and exceedingly 
popular. 



JAMES Y. KENT, 

SENATOR FROM BOONE AND CLINTON. 

The subject of this sketch is with the exception only of 
Senator Foster, the youngest member on the floor of the 
Senate. James Y. Kent was born Ma}- 2^, 1847, in Clinton 



42 LEGISLATIVE. 

county, near Frankfort, Indiana. His father's name was 
George A., his mother's name, Sarah. George A. Kent was a 
native of Connecticut ("the land of wooden nutmegs"), but 
came wpst and settled first in Bartholomew, Indiana, in 1880. 
In 1836 he removed with his parents to Clinton county, 
where he resided until the time of his death in 1859. The 
widow was left to battle with the world and rear the family 
of children. James at that time being but twelve years of 
age, received only a common school education, yet bent on 
acquiring knowledge he was a constant reader and applied 
himself closely to study from early life. He began the study 
of law at the age of twenty-five, was soon admitted to the 
bar and began the practice of his profession. In 1870 when 
but twenty -two years of age this young man was elected 
District Attorney from the counties of Boone and Clinton by 
a large majority. He was a candidate for Circuit Prosecutor 
in 1872, when he ran far ahead of his ticket, but was defeated 
by a few votes by Hon. E. B. F. Pierce. In 1872 he attended 
the Baltimore Convention, and in 1876 viewed the wonders of 
the Centennial. In the Centennial year he was elected to 
the State Senate from the counties of Boone and Clinton and 
is among the able workers in that body. He is, when at 
home, engaged in the practice of law in partnership with the 
Hon. Leander McClurg. 

Mr. Kent presents a dignified appearance, and never speaks 
except when he has something of importance to say, calm 
and deliberate in judgment, neither hot headed nor impetu- 
ous. His constituents could not have selected a better man to 
represent their interests in the State Senate. He is rather 
on the blonde order, and has a well formed head and large 
brain force. 



KEGISLATIVE. 43 



HENEY KEAMER, 

SENATOR FROM SPENCER AND PERRY, 

Was born in the Province of the Ehine in Prussia, June 23, 
1846, and emigrated to the United States with his parents in 
1854. His father settled in Spencer county and engaged in 
farming, which occupation he has pursued to the present 
time. The subject of this sketch received a fair education in 
the Common schools, after which he attended the Eockport 
Collegiate Institute, where he completed his education. Mr. 
Kramer engaged in politics at an early age, acting with the 
Democratic party from the time of casting his first vote. In 
1870, he was appointed Deputy Treasurer of Spencer county, 
which position he held until 1874, when he became a candi- 
date for the office of County Treasurer. He was elected by a 
larger majority than any other man on the ticket, receiving 
nearly four hundred more votes than the State ticket, and was 
re-elected in 1876 by an increased majority, again leading the 
County and State ticket In 1878 he received the nomina- 
tion, at the hands of his friends and party, for State Senator 
from Spencer and Perry counties, and was elected by a hand- 
some majority, leading the State and County tickets in his dis- 
trict. Mr. Kramer is a slender, well formed and handsome 
gentleman, whose clear, sharp black eye denotes the intelli- 
gent legislator, working to the best interests of his constit- 
uents, is ever actively engaged in advocating any proper 
measure that will serve them, the State, and the political 
party he represents. It is rather a noticeable fact that two 
native born Prussians (Kahlo and Kramer) should be found 
legislating for the State of Indiana, in the Senate chamber. 



44 LEGISLATIVE. 



BYEON W. LA:NGD0N, 

SENATOR FROM TIPPECANOE, 

Was born August 1, 1838, at Jamestown, N. Y. He entered 
Union college, New York, in 1858, completing the classical 
course in 1861, in which year he graduated among the first 
of a class of seventy five. His college life was a studious and 
laborious one. While he mastered the course regularly laid 
down in the college curriculum, he pursued extra branches of 
study and devoted a considerable portion of his time to valu- 
able reading and literary pursuits. 

He began the study of law in the office of Huff & Jones, in 
Lafayette, in November, 1862, was admitted to the bar in 
1863, and the same year was married to Miss Elizabeth 
dau2:hter of the lamented Juds^e Insrram. 

He entered upon the practice of his profession with Judge 
Ingram, who died shortly thereafter, when he associated him- 
self in business successively with Eobert Jones, Hon. Daniel 
Mace and Judge Huff, in partnership with whom he con- 
tinued from 1866 to 1874. Since January, 1874, he has been 
practicing alone, building up in the meantime a lucrative bus- 
iness, and taking high rank as a member of the bar of Tip- 
pecanoe county. 

In the fall of 1876 Mr. Langdon was elected to the State 
Legislature from Tippecanoe county, where he served with 
marked distinction to himself and rare fidelity to the inter- 
ests of his constituents. He was a member of the Judiciary 
Committee and Chairman of the Committee on Education, 
No member of the Legislature of 1876 was more active, in- 
dustrious and vigilant than Mr. Langdon, and his record is a 
source of pride to the people of Tippecanoe county. 

Mr Langdon has never been a politician in the accepted 
sense of that term, but has aspired to be a thorough, well- 
trained lawyer, and has kept up the studious habits acquired 



LEGISLATIVE. 45 

while in college. Asa reward of his industry and close study 
he may point to a successful practice and an enviable profies- 
sional record. He was elected State Senator by the Eepubli- 
cans of Tippecanoe in 1878 over Colonel W. C. Wilson, the 
National and Democratic candidate, and is one the most ear- 
nest workers in the Senatorial bod v. 



DAYID E. LEEPEE, 

SENATOR FROM ST. JOSEPH AND STARKE, 

Was born near South Bend, in St. Joseph count3^^ January 12, 
1832. His father, Samuel, was a native of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, and of English descent. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Elizabeth Eohrer, now deceased, was of 
German extraction, and a native of Montgomery county, 
Ohio. The father, an energetic, successful farmer, resides in 
the city of South Bend, where the subject of this sketch also 
resides, and near which place he owns and carries on alarm. 
When seventeen years old, Mr. Leeper, among the earliest 
pioneers, crossed the plains with an ox team to the Golden 
State, taking from February 22nd until October 11th to make 
the journey. He remained on the Pacific slope, engaged in 
mining and lumbering, till May 16th, 1854, when he took 
passage on the afterwards ill fated steamer Brother Jonathan, 
on the Pacific, and on The Star of the West, on the Atlantic, 
by way of the Gautemala route, to his native home. He 
then attended school two years, at the Mishawaka Institute 
(taught by Prof. C. Fitzroy Bellows, now of the Michigan 
State Normal School), where, with his former schooling, he 
acquired a tolerably fair English education. From 1864 to 
1868 Mr. Leeper was again to be found in the western gold 
mines, this time on the upper tributaries of the Missouri and 



46 LEGISLATIVE. 

the Columbia, in Montana Territory. Here he was engaged 
in lumbering and freighting, and was nominated for the Le- 
gislature as one of the delegation of four for Helena City; but 
his party being largely in the minority' he was defeated, 
though leading his ticket. Originally a Whig and a Eepub- 
liean, Mr. Leeper, since 1872, has been battling under the 
Liberal Democratic banner. In 1872, 1874 and 1876, he was 
nominated by acclamation by the Democrats and Liberals of 
St. Joseph county for the lower House of the General Assem- 
bly. In 1872 he declined the nomination for business rea- 
sons; but in 1874 and 1876 he was elected, running consider- 
ably ahead of his party ticket, and served in the succeeding 
Legislatures. In 1878 he was nominated without opj^osition 
as candidate for Senator for St. Josej^h and Starke, and was 
elected by 745 majority. Mr. Leeper is the first representa- 
tive from St. Joseph county that ever entered a Democratic 
caucus at the State Capital. The Senator from St. Joseph for 
the past "fifteen or twenty years has occasionally contributed 
to the local newspapers political articles, editorials and letters 
of travel written while on his frequent pleasure rambles in 
various parts of the country. He is a finely formed, hand- 
some gentleman, but we trust not a confirmed old bachelor. 



GEOEGE MAJOE, 

SENATOR FROM BENTON, WHITE, JASPER AND NEWTON, 

Was born in Hamilton county, Ohio, September 18, 1819. 
His parents emigrated to Pennsylvania from Ireland before 
the Eevolution, and removed to Hamilton county, Ohio, in 
1816. The son was educated at private school, and removed 
to this State in 1831 and settled in Clinton county, where he 



LEGISLATIVE. 47 

continued to reside until 1864, when he removed to Jasper 
county, where he has since lived on his farm. Politically, he 
was educated a Jackson Democrat; voted for Van Buren, 
Polk, Cass and Pierce ; opposed the repeal of the Missouri 
compromise ; took part in the anti-Nebraska movement in 
1854 ; voted for Fremont and Lincoln, and supported the 
administration of the latter during the war of the rebellion : 
he was dissatisfied with the McCuUoch financial policy and 
favored the nomination of Pendleton in 1868, but eventually 
voted for Seymour ; in 1872 he was a delegate to the Cincin- 
nati Convention, and supported Trumbull, but voted for 
Greeley and the Democratic State ticket at the polls ; at the 
inauguration of the Independent movement he took a prom- 
inent part, and was elevated to his present position by the 
Independents. In a district that had before given a Eepub- 
lican majority of eight hundred, Mr. Major was elected by 
six hundred and sixty-two votes. He resided at Eemington, 
Jasper county, until recently when he removed to Benton 
county, and in 1878 was re-elected by the Nationals and 
Democrats by a large majority. 

Senator Major is one of the most noticeable men in the 
Senate, on account of his being so situated as to hold the bal- 
ance of power in the Senate for two legislative sessions. He 
is personally the most unassuming, kindliest gentleman in 
the Senate — such a man as inspires one with confidence in his 
integrity and honesty of purpose. He represents four coun- 
ties and is sent here by the people of those counties irrespec- 
tive of politics. No man has been more misrepresented, and 
no member of the Senate performs his duty more conscien- 
tiously than Senator Major. 



48 LEGISLATIVE. 

GUSTAYUS y. MENZIES, 

SENATOR FROM POSEY AND GIBSON, 

"Was born in Boone county, Ky., in 1844, where his father wa- 
a practicing physician, and is consequently onl}^ thirty five 
years of age. He has passed through some wonderful epochs 
during a short period. At the tender age of sixteen years he 
enlisted in the First Kentucky regiment of United States 
volunteers for the three months service, under the first call 
of President Lincoln, and while in service he received an ap- 
pointment as cadet student in the naval academy at Anna- 
polis, Md., in which institution he graduated in 1864. 

He remained in the naval service until 1870, acting as en_ 
sign immediately after graduating. He was an efficient offi- 
cer, and held the position of Lieutenant-Commander at tlie 
time of his resignation. He married an Indiana lady, Miss 
Essie Hovey, the beautiful daughter of General Alvin P. 
Hovey, and addressed himself at once to the study of the 
legal profession with his father-in-law. General Hovey, at Mt. 
Vernon. 

The people of Gibson and Posey are justly proud of their 
Senatorial representative. Ke is a gentleman of fine culture 
and has good ideas of what constitutes a good lawmaker, and 
his prudence will not permit him to overstep the prerogatives 
of legitimate legislation or accept of compromise at the hands 
of cliques, rings, or designing demagogues. He has a bril- 
liant future before him. 

Senator Menzies although serving his first term in the Sen- 
ate, is one of the most active members of that body. K 
"eternal vigilance is the price of safety" then are the safety 
of Democratic principles and the best interests of his constit- 
uents assured by the care and watchfulness with which Sen- 
ator Menzies guards them. This marked decision of charac- 
ter and able advocacy of such bills as are of importance and 



LEGISLATIVE. 49 

for the public welfare, render him already one of the leaders 
in the Senate. Personally he is a courteous, polished gen- 
tleman, cultured and refined — affable, yet dignified and mili- 
tary in bearing. There is no round on the ladder of dis- 
tinction to which he may not aspire — no heights on the hill of 
ambition which he may not attain. 



WILLIAM MONTGOMERY MERCER, M.D. 

SENATOR FROM DEKALB AND STEUBEN, 

Was born October 30th, 1830, in Miami county, Ohio. His 
ancestors on his fathers side were French. His early educa- 
tion was obtained at the former place, but when quite young 
he removed to Allen county, in this State, residing in Fort 
Wayne. He subsequently studied medicine in the University 
of Michigan at Ann Harbor, passed his final examination and 
received the degree ef doctor in medicine in the medical de- 
partment of the University of Buffalo, N. Y. He served as 
assistant-surgeon of the 152nd Eegiment of Indiana volun- 
teers in the late war; has acted as examining surgeon for pen- 
sioners for the last ten years ; before his electionas Senator^ 
has held no official position. Senator Mercer's political 
principles are in strong s^'mpathy with the Repub- 
lican party. He is engaged int he drug trade and the 
practice of medicine and surgery in Corunna, Dekalb county^ 
Indiana, and has made it the study of his life to excel in his 
chosen profession. Modest and retiring in his demeanor, un. 
assuming in his manner, he is nevertheless watchful of the 
best interests of his constituents, an able legislator and a fine 
looking gentlemen, who is a promulgator of Republican prin- 
ciples and a firm believer in the doctrines of Republicanism. 
4 



50 LEGISLATIVE. 



WILLIAM A. MOOEE, 



SENATOR FROM DECATUR AND RUSH, 

Was born August 16, 1839, in Franklin county, Indiana, and 
is a lawyer by profession. He cast his first vote for Abraham 
Lincoln, for President, and has alwaj^s acted with the Eepub- 
licans. In 1866 he was elected a member of the House of Ee- 
presentatives, and served one term. In 1870 he received the 
nomination for, and was elected. Common Pleas Judge of the 
District composed of the counties of Eush, Decatur and Eip- 
ley, and served upon the bench until that court was abolished 
in 1873, since which time he has been engaged in the prac- 
tice of the law at Greensburg. In 1876 he was nominated 
for Senator and elected, and is serving the closing session of 
his term. For so young a man Senator Moore has been 
honored by a flattering testimonial of the esteem in which he 
is held by his fellow citizens in his frequent election by them 
to positions requiring ability, integrity and legal acumen. 
That he still possesses their confidence is evidenced by the 
fact of his election to the Senate and that he is deserving of it, 
the able manner in which he has advocated in the Senate 
chamber all measures tending to the good of his constituents 
will undoubtedly prove. Senator Moore was a bachelor until 
recently when he was married to Miss Alice Selman, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Selman, a prominent Democrat formerly of Indian- 
apolis, but now of Greensburg, an intelligent piquant and 
petite lady. The Senator may be congratulated as having 
been chosen to assume the responsible and honorable position 
of husband to this little lady. They reside in Greensburg, 
Decatur county. 



LEGISLATIVE. 51 



WALTER C. OLDS, 

SENATOR FROM WHITLEY AND KOSCIUSCO. 

Walter C. Olds, the subject of this sketch is a native of 
the Buckeye State and was born in Delaware county, 
Ohio, August 11, 1846, and is consequently, at the present 
time, about 33 years of age. He resided in Delaware 
and Morrow counties until the organization of the 174th 
regiment Ohio volunteer infantry. When only a boy of 
about sixteen years he joined that regiment, donned the 
suit of blue and marched away with the army, serving until 
the close of the war of the rebellion. He returned to Ohio, 
completed his education, entered upon the study of law, and 
and in 1869 was admitted to the bar in the Supreme court of 
Ohio, when but 23 years of age. Three months later Mr. 
Olds removed to Columbia City in Whitley county, Indiana^ 
and commenced the successful practice of his profession. 
Four years later, after having laid the firm foundation on 
which to build up prosperity and business success, Mr. Olds 
returned to Ohio, and gathered one of Ohio's fairest flowers, 
in the person of Miss Marie Merritt whom he married and 
transplanted from Mt. Gilead to bless his life and grace his 
western home. Bright-faced, intelligent and witty she stands 
b}^ his side, his co-laborer and equal. In 1876 Mr. Olds was 
elected State Senator from Whitley and Kosciusko by the 
Republican voters. In the Senate chamber he is an able and 
dignified member, a courteous, handsome gentleman, with 
clear, honest blue eyes that bear in their depths a frank ex- 
pression. Serving on several important committees, he per- 
forms the duties and fills the responibilities in an able and 
satisfactory manner. 



62 LEGISLATIVE. 



SILAS J. PETEESON 



Represents not only the county of Montgomery, but the best 
interests of the farmers throughout the State, being himself 
identified with agricultural and stock-growin'g interests. Mr. 
Peterson is a native of Ohio, but moved to Indiana in 1830 
or when he was but six years of age. He received a limited 
education at the district school, and in 1874 held the position 
of County Assessor ; has always been a Democrat ; did not 
seek the nomination for Senator, nor spend a day from his 
business to get elected ; was elected by a majority of two 
hundred and eighteen, and is now serving on his second and 
last term. Mr. Peterson is the owner of fifteen hundred 
acres of land, and is largely identified with the stock-grow- 
ing and pork-packing interests of Montgomery county. 

In personal appearance, Mr. Peterson is above the ave- 
rage height and weight, with gray hair and chin beard, mild 
blue eyes, and generous expression of countenance. He is 
fifty-five years of age, has been married thirty years, and 
has five children now living. His Post Office address is Po- 
tato Creek. 



MOSES POINDEXTEE, 

SENATOR FROM CLARKE AND FLOYD, 

Was born in Silver Creek township, Clarke county, Indiana, 
March 21, 1824. His father and mother were Virginians, 
and came to Indiana about the year 1800. When the present 
Senator was about thirteen years old his father died, 
leaving him at that early age, to assist his mother in rearing 
and caring for six brothers and sisters younger than himself, 



LEGISLATIVE. 53 

being unable therefore to obtain more than a common school 
education. Owing to his constant work on the fiarm, Mr. 
Poindexter has always been a son of toil, a tiller of the soih 
and is a worthy representative of the farming interests of 
his section, in the Senate. His residence at this time is on a 
farm near Sellersburg, his postoflSce address. Mr. Poindexter 
has never been a seeker of, nor held any office except Justice 
of the Peace, until this, his first term in the Senate, for 
which position he was nominated by the Nationals and 
receiving the Eepublican support was elected over the regu- 
lar Democratic nominee. Senator Poindexter was a former 
Eepublican and generally votes with them, though he is not 
a strong partizan. He has been married more than thirty 
years, and the wife of his youth is yet living. He is nearly 
or quite six feet in height, has a kindly benign expression of 
countenance and is a thoroughly good man. 



WILLIAM H. EAGAI^, 

SENATOR FROM HENDRICKS AND PUTNAM, 

Was born near Filmore, Putnam County ] nd., March 29, 18H6. 
His father, the late Eeuben Eagan, was one of the pioneers 
of western Indiana, having settled in Putnam County in 1822. 
His mother still resides on the old homestead. Mr. Eagan 
is the oldest son in a family of twelve children. His education 
is of the primitive character, mostly picked up along the 
way-side during a busy life. In February, 1860, Mr. Eagan 
was married to Emma Fuller, of Parke County. His father 
having been a Nurseryman and fruit grower, he was brought 
up to the business, which he entered on his own account in 
1860, near Filmore. Early in 1861 he enlisted inCompany H 



54 LEGISLATIVE. 

Eleventh Indiana Infantry, remaiDing with the Eegiment 
until the close of the rebellion. 

In March 1869 he removed tolndianapolis, engaging in the 
Nursery and fruit business with J. C. Weinberger, where he 
remainded until failing health admonished him to give up 
the business. In Oct. 1871 Mr. Eagan located where he now 
resides, Clayton, Hendricks County. In 1860 he assisted in 
organizing the Indiana Horticultural Society, and in 1869 
was elected Secretary, which place he has continued to fill 
with the exception of 1873, to the present time. In January 
1873 Mr. Eagan was elected a member of the State Board of 
Agriculture, and having been thrice re-elected, is holding the 
position now, with time expiring on January 7, 1881. 

At the Eepublican convention in 1874, he was nominated 
by acclamation for Joint Eepresentative for Putnam and 
Hendricks counties, to which position he was elected by a 
handsome majority, in a close district. In 1876, his republi- 
can constituenta nominated and elected him Joint Senator 
from the senatorial district of Putnam and Hendricks. Mr* 
Eagan was raised a democrat, continuing to vote with that 
party until the reverberations of hostile guns re-echoed 
throughout the land, when he swore allegiance to the party 
that reiterated the declaration '-that theUnion must and shall 
be preserved". 



CHAELES H. EEEVE, 

SENATOR FROM MARSHALL, FULTON AND PULASKI. 

Was born in 1822, in Oneida county, N, Y., but removed to 
Indiana at the early age of sixteen years, studied law 
under Hons. John H. Bradly, Samuel W. Sample and 
J. A. Leston, eminent lawyers of the old-time English 
characteristics, and well-known in this city. He was ad 



LEGISL.A.TIVE. 55 

mitted to the bar at Laporte, Indiana, in 1842, at the 
age of twenty-one, but did not enter upon the practice 
of his profession until 1853, and then only for a brief period. 
Senator Eeeve located permanently at Plymouth, Marshall 
county, in 1846, where he married in 1850, and with his family 
has since remained there in a strictly local practice of his 
profession. 

Mr. Eeeve never held public office nor sought its emolu- 
ments, and was not ambitious for political preferment. His 
election as Senator was entirely without solicitation or action 
on his part. Although he has ever taken an active interest 
in politics it has been from a philosophical and philanthropi- 
cal standpoint and not from a partizan one. He believes in a 
strict construction of the constitution and an adherence to 
principle as the basis of party organization, and is strongly 
opposed to all expedients and time-saving movements for suc- 
cess. He regards political parties as simply a "means to an 
end." The action of those who think alike as a unity for 
the accomplishment of the desired object, that accomplished 
the purposes of party are served. 

Senator Eeeve is wholly self-educated and thoroughly in- 
dependent in thought and action, possesses analytical power* 
in a wonderful degree, is a close student and observer of 
human nature, a scientist and a philosopher. He is scrupu- 
lously honest, full of fun, humor and music. He is a 
brilliant addition to the Senatorial corps. As a thinker he is 
unsurpassed, as a writer his ideas are original and are fluently 
and logically expressed, and as a speaker he impresses even 
when he cannot convince. Senator Eeeve is of fine nervous, 
sanguine temperament and delicate sensitive organization, but 
can remain externally undisturbed, if necessary, under 
almost any circumstances. He has probably acted with the 
Democratic party because it came nearest his way of think- 



56 LEGISLATIVE. 

inof and he could not go "in a gang by himself." The de- 
cided stand taken by Senator Heeve on all leading questions 
of legislation has already given him a most prominent posi- 
tion in the halls of the Senate chamber. 



DK. WILLIAM FEANK EEILEY, 

SENATOR FROM DECATUR, JENNINGS AND SCOTT, 

Was born in Alexandria, Campbell county, Ky., in 1828. 
His father was Smith Eeiley, who was a courteous, reliable 
gentleman of the old school, and a Jackson Democrat of the 
firmest type. He removed to Decatur county when the subject 
of this sketch was but ten years of age, he therefore received 
his early education in the Greensburgh schools. Mr. Eeiley 
studied medicine under old Dr. William Armington, and 
while pursuing this course of stud}^ taught school in the 
county also. He attended a medical course in 1853-4 at the 
University of Michigan, and graduated from the Ohio Medi- 
cal College in Cincinnati in 1858. Mr. Eeiley is a successful 
physician and has been constantly in an extensive and lucra- 
tive practice for twenty-five years, making a 8j)eciality of 
obstetrical operations. Like his father, Mr. Eiley has from 
boyhood taken an active interest in politics, having been all 
his life a staunch defender of Democratic principles. He 
was appointed a delegate to the State Convention before he 
had atained the age of twenty-one years. Was nominated 
for State Senator in a district of two hundred and twenty- 
five Eepublican majority, and by his well known character 
and popularity carried the election by fifty votes. 

Mr. Eeiley has a wife and one bright intellectual looking 
daughter, whose decision of charcater is already made mani- 



LEGISLATIVE. 57 

fest. She is now completing a classical course in Oxford, 
Ohio, Female College. In personal appearance Mr. Eeiley 
is of medium stature, thoughtful looking, with kindly blue 
eyes and a finely formed head, denoting intellectuality. 



J. D. SAENIGHAUSElSr, 

SENATOR FROM ALLEN, ADAMS AND WELLS, 

Was born in Hanover, Germany, October, 31, 1818. He 
came to this State and settled at Fort Wayne, in 1862, and 
has resided there ever since. Before coming to this country 
he received a college and university education. Mr. Sarnig- 
hausen is and has long been a newspaper editor by profession, 
and as editor of the Staats Zeitung at Fort Wayne, has wiel- 
ded great influence among his German -American fellow 
citizens in the community where he lives. In 1870 Mr. 
Sarnighausen's claims to the Senatorship for the county of 
Allen were urged by the German and American friends he 
had made by the manl}^ manner in which he conducted his 
paper. The election was so close that a contest resulted and 
Mr. Sarnighausen lost his seat, though on the first count he 
was ahead one hundred and seventy-one votes. Not discour- 
aged, however, his friends prevailed upon him to become a 
candidate in 1872 for the counties of Allen and Adams, and 
he consented. This time he was elected by six thousand one 
hundred and eighty-four majority, indicating great j^olitical 
and personal popularity. He is a Democrat. 

Senator Sarnighausen's father held a high civil office under 
the former kingdom of Hanover, but nothwithstanding the 
favors royalty heaped uj^on the sire, the son recognizes the 
republican as the best form of government the world has 



58 LEGISLATIVE. 

ever witnessed. Serving his constituents and the people of 
the State with great ability, taking a prominent part in all 
matters of interest, Mr. Sarnighausen received as a tribute of 
appreciation a re-election to the Senate in 1876 by a majority 
by 6,230 votes 



ABNER H. SHAFFER, M. D., 

SENATOR FROM HUNTINGTON AND WABASH, 

Is a native Buckeye ; was born in Stark county, Ohio, Jan- 
uary 15, 1829. He graduated from the Western Reserve 
Medical College, Cleveland, Ohio, and located at Huntington, 
Indiana, August 26, 1856, and has been ever since engaged 
in the practice of medicine and surgery. He was commis- 
sioned surgeon of the 75th Indiana Yolunteer Infantry and 
served as such to the close of the Rebellion. He was cap- 
tured at the battle of Chickamauga, and held as a prisoner 
of war in the Libby Prison, and sutfered through all the 
horrors of that institution for a period of four months, and 
was then exchanged and returned to the Government. Mr. 
Shaffer's army record is good from first to last. He was 
School Trustee of the City of Huntington, always taking 
a great interest in education. He was elected as Joint Rep- 
resentative from the counties of Wabash and Huntington by 
the Republican party, and served in the session of 1875 and 
the extra session following. Also was elected State Senator 
for Wabash and Huntington counties to the Fifty First regular 
session of the Legislature. Senator Shaffer was raised on a 
farm and was identified with agricultural and farming inter- 
ests until near the age of maturity. His father and mother 
were of G-erman descent, and his father was distinguished as 
an officer in the Continental army, serving also in the war 
of 1812. The Senator married Miss Lizzie J. Collins, and has 



LEGISLATIVE. 59 

but one child living, a son, named Yon Collins — one child, a 
daughter, died in infancy. 

In politics, Mr. Shaffer is an original Eepublican, and 
probably always will be as long as the party will maintain 
principles to which he adheres He is a strong partizan. 



EENJAMIN SHIEK, 

SENATOR FROM HENRY AND HANCOCK, 

Was born in Chambersburg, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, 
March 20, 1819. His father being a farmer, the early years 
of his life were spent on the farm in agricultural pursuits. 
Having received a liberal common school education, he at 
the age of nineteen years engaged as a teacher in one of the 
common schools of the county. Tliis profession he followed 
with flattering succiss until the year 1847, when, becoming 
tired of confinement in the school room, he determined to 
try his fortune in the western country, whence the great tide 
of emigration was then moving. Accordingly in May, 1847, 
be emigrated with his family to Indiana, and settled in New- 
castle, the county seat of Henry. Here in this new western 
home he again engaged in teaching in one of the common 
schools of the county. In the year 1848 he opened the New- 
castle Grain Cradle Manufacturing establishment, which he 
carried on with great success until 1853, when he 
sold his interest in the same and accepted the position of 
agent on the Chicago & Great Eastern Railroad, then run- 
ning under the name and style of the Newcastle & Richmond 
Railroad. This position he filled to the entire satisfaction of 
the managers of the road and with credit to himself, until 
the year 1855, when ho accepted the position of Deputy in 



60 LEGISLATIVE. 

the Clerk's office of the couniy. With ability he managed the 
business of the office, and his amiable and obliging disposition 
won lor him the esteem of all who had business transactions 
with him, and in the year 1859 he was elected Clerk of the 
county, without opposition and was re-elected in the yearl863. 
Having held the office for 8 years he was debarred by con- 
stitutional provision from holding it longer. In the year 
1876, through the solicitations of many friends, he consented 
to become a candidate for the office of State Senator for the 
district composed of Hancock and Henry, to which office he 
was elected by an overwhelming majority at the October 
election in' 1876, which term of office will exph-e with the 
closing of the present session of the Legislature. In July 
1877 he was elected Vice-President of the Citizens State 
Bank of New Castle, Indiana, which office he still holds. 



MAECUS C. SMITH, 

SENATOR FROM DELAWARE AND MADISON. 

To designate the precise branch of the Smith family to 
which Mr. Marc Smith belongs is but to name him as the 
only son of Oliver H, Smith, whose reputation as an eminent 
lawyer in eastern Indiana, as a member of the United States 
Senate through a long course of years, and as the author of 
Indiana's history, entitle him and his memory to a place on 
her pages as a statesman and a sage. Senator Smith 
(subject to the contest case with Sansbury;) is a native of 
Connersville, Fayette county (the old town), on the place 
known as the Smith farm where his father had so long re- 
sided. The present Senator was born April 11, 1825. 
Leaving the farm for school he was educated and graduated 
at Asbury University. Senator Smith has a mother still 



LEGISLATIVE. 61 

living at an advanced age, and two sisters, Mrs. L. Sullivan 
of this city, one of the most active workers in benevolent en- 
terprises, and Mrs. Mary Love (wife of General John Love), 
who occupies a first position in society, and is known for her 
interest in charitable offices exerted for the public. Mr. 
Smith is genial and liberal minded and has served as mayor 
of Muncie for a period of eight years. He was a member of 
the Legislature of 1856. 

In politics he is a Eepublican and his business that of a 
farmer and dealer in grain. Senator Smith is a large, well 
built gentleman, of sound intelligence and correct thought. 
He resides in Muncie, Delaware county, where he has a 
family of beautiful and interesting children. 



GEN. ABEL D. STREIGHT. 

SENATOR FROM MARION. 

As his name indicates, the Senator from Marion among the 
"Heroes of the War" is numbered ; on history's page his 
name enscroUed. Born at Wheeler, Steuben county, New 
York, June 17, 1829. His father, who wp,s a farmer in good 
circumstances, was known as a thorough going, industrious 
and honest gentleman, who early taught his son habits of 
industry and economy. When only seventeen years of age 
A. D. Straight bought his time of his father and commenced 
carpenter work. At twenty the young man was an exten- 
sive contractor and builder and a first-class mechanic. En- 
gaging in the lumber business, he gave up carpentering, con- 
tinuing in the lumber trade until 1857, when he embarked in 
the map and book publishing business. In 1858 Mr. Streight 
emigrated to Cincinnati, remaining there a year he removed 



62 LEGISLATIVE. 

to Indianapolis, where he has for twenty years made his home. 
In this city he continued the publishing business until the 
beginning of the war when he was authorized by Gov^ernor 
Morton to recruit the 51st Regiment Indiana volunteers. His 
command captured the town of Moulton and participated 
in the battle near Sand Mountain. In December, 1861, Col. 
Streight was taken prisoner of war, with a large number of 
his command and subordinate officers, and on the 16th of May 
was immured in Libby prison. Patiently waiting and ex- 
pecting an exchange and release in a few days, they were 
kept in the prison-pen, by one pretext or another, for nine 
long moi.ths, when, with about a hundred others, he made his 
escajDe through a tunnel sixty feet long, the digging of which 
had occupied them during the nights of six weeks. In 1864 
Colonel Streight was elected to the State Senate, after which 
he re-entered the lumber business, in which he is still en- 
gaged. In 1876 General Streight was again elected by the 
Republicans to the State Senate, and is, and has been, an 
efficient and active member of the Assembly, and is spoken 
fiivorably ot as the Rebublican candididate for Governor in 
1880. The General is a whole-souled, kindly gentleman 
whose great heart corresponds with his physical proportions. 
He entertains handsomely at his elegant home in Irving- 
ton, where he resides with his amiable wife and his only son, 
now married to a charming young bride. 



CALEB B. TARLTON, 

SENATOR FROM JOHNSON AND SHELBY. 

Senator Caleb B. Tarlton was born in the year 1827, in 
Fayette County, Kentucky. He moved with his parents 
during the year 1834 to Marion county Indiana, where ho 



LEGISLATIVE. 63 

received a limited education from the country schools of 
those days. From Marion county he removed to Johnson 
county, where he has resided ever since, having been largely 
and for the greater part of the time the leading stock raiser 
of his adopted county. At the present time and for several 
years past, he has been successfully engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. 

In 1857 he was elected president of the Johnson County 
Agricultural Soeiet}', an office he held for eight or ten years. 
Politically he has been a life long Democrat, steadfast in the 
faith, first, last and all the time, and being a man of sound 
mind and enlarged intelligence, the people of his county 
called him from the plow to represent them in the halls of 
legislation. In 1870 and 1871 he was in the House as a 
Representative from Johnson and Morgan Counties. 

In 1876 he was elected to the Senate from the district of 
Johnson and Shelby counties. It is surmised by some that 
Senator Tarlton is a lineal descendent of the old English 
stock of Tarltons who were so pr aninent in the English 
service, and fought so well against us in the war of the 
Revolution, but if such is the case his old English blood has 
become very ethereal, as no man in Indiana is more sound 
in the principles and spirit of American Democracy than is 
the Senator from Johnson and Shelby. Mr. Tarlton is a 
thoughtful looking gentleman, quiet and dignified in bearing 
and is one of those men upon whom it can be depended that 
they mean just what they say, and will perform what they 
promise. 



SAMUEL M. TAYLOR, 

SENATOR FROM HAMILTON AND TIPTON. 

Mr. Taylor, who graces the Senatorial floor, is an Indian- 
ian, and was born in Wayne county, of this State, April 19, 



64 LEGISLATIVE. 

1831. His grandfather served in the Revolutionary war, but 
his father pursued the peaceful profession of a Baptist minis- 
ter. His father dying when he was an infant of two years, 
and deprived by death of his noble mother when he had only 
attained the age of fourteen He attended the subscription 
er's prayers for her son have not been answered, when we see 
that poor orphan boy who was left at that tender age to 
" paddle his own canoe' through a world full of temptations 
schools and the academy of the county. He worked on a 
farm, taught school and finally in 1853, entered the law office 
of Elliott & Mellette, of Newcastle. He acted as Deputy 
Clerk of Tipton county for four years, but forsaking the 
law, has been chiefly engaged in merchandising and milling, 
and is now dealing in grain. Perhaps the revolutionary 
spirit of his grandfather was inherited by the Senator for he 
entered the army in the late rebellion, serving with the 101st 
Regiment Indiana Volunteers duricg the war. In 1874 Mr. 
Taylor was elected Joint Representative from the counties of 
Hamilton and Tipton, and in 1876, having served his con- 
stituents so well, he was elected to the Senatorial body by 
the Republicans of those counties. His record has ever been 
one of honor and integrity, for he has aimed to represent all 
the wants of the people, and secure equity of legislation over 
the State. He is a gentleman of high moral standing and 
excellent judgment Personally, he is tall and rather slend- 
erly formed, having the appearance of a professional man. 
A witty and pleasing conversationalist, his beard and hair on 
the sandy order, and a face lighted with expression from a 
bright brown e3^e. Senator Taylor is married, has children, 
and resides in Tipton, Indiana. 



LEGISLATIVE. 65 



WILLIAM A. TEAYLOK, 

SENATOR FROM DUBOIS, MARTIN AND ORANGE. 

Senator Trajdor was born in Pike county, Indiana, 
February 5, 1843. His father in 1844 moved te Dubois 
county and has lived there ever since. AVhile young in 
years he gave himself to books and study, pushing his way 
as best he could in this way in thought and knowledge, and 
early in his manhood he entered upon the honorable work of 
a teacher, which occupation he continued until he had spent 
seven years in the service. He read law four years in the 
law office of Adams & Beuttner and George T. B. Carr, at 
Jasper, Ind., and in January, 1868, he graduated in the law 
department of the State University. He at once located in 
Jasper, Dubois county, where he has been favored with a 
very fine practice in his profession. The senatorial district of 
Martin, Dubois and Orange counties nominated him in 1878. 
His election, of course, was assured, as Dubois alone gives 
1,700 Democratic majority, and there was no other candidate 
in the field. The honorable position of chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Military Affairs has been given to him in the Sen- 
ate, a membership also on three or four other committees. 
Senator Traylor has a ready, analytical mind, and his quick 
discernment and thorough knowledge of legislative subjects 
will no noubt make him prominent as a debater, as well as a 
sound legislator. Senator Traylor may be termed a self-made 
man, having by steadfastness of purj^ose. and the love of 
knowledge w^orked his way upward, while many with more 
advantages would have remained forever at the foot of the 
ladder. Positive, earnest and honest in his dealing, or the 
cause he advocates, he is a credit to his constituents. Mr. 
Traylor is a married man and has a family of several interest- 
ing children. 

5 



LEGISLATIVE. 



W. B. F. TREAT, 

SENATOR FROM MONROE AND LAWRENCE, 

Is a native Hoosier, having been born in Adams township, 
Morgan oounty, Indiana, Se23tember25, 1835. He is of English) 
Scotch and Irish descent. His father descended from the 
Treats of England, his ancestors passing from Connecticut to 
Pennsylvania and thence through Ohio into Indiana, His 
mother was a Mathes, descended from the Mathes of Antrim, 
Ireland, and the Camerons of Scotland. The families of John 
Treat and Jeremiah Mathes are well remembered by the old 
citizens of Indiana, as they were among the pioneers who 
'- tramped down the nettles,'' felled the forests and prepared 
the way of civilization. His education was better than the 
usual grade, owing to the superior accomplishments of his 
mother, a sister of the distinguished Elder, J. M. Mathes, of 
Bedford, Indiana. 

John Treat, his father, removed to Arkansas during the 
year 1852. The Senator attended an academical school at 
Yellville, Marion county, Arkansas, under the supervision of 
Prof. James Weiss. Afterwards he read medicine for two 
years. He finally took the field as an Evangelist under the 
auspices of the Christian Church, his present "tilt" into 
politics being the only diversion from the great work to 
which his energies have been for years directed with com- 
mendable vigor. Of this fact the widely extended area of 
his ministerial labors will bear evidence, as thousands who 
have listened to him in Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Ar- 
kansas can testify. In addition to his labors in the ministry, 
he has contributed largely to the literature of the church to 
which he belongs, having been for years assistant editor of 
the Christian Eecord. published at Bedford, Indiana, and as 
co-editor with Elder J. M. Mathes, of the same paper. Also 
as assistant editor of the Eeoord and Evangelist published at 



LEGISLATIVE. 67 

Oskaloosa, Iowa. He is now one of the chief correspondents 
of the American Christian Eeview, of Cincinnati, Ohio. Be- 
sides this, he has held a number of protracted j^ublic discus- 
sions on theolofijical subjects. Often this kind of work has 
compelled him to a critical and historical reading not always 
indulged in by members of his profession. He was not in 
the army and never held political position or office until his 
election in 1876 to his present seat in the Indiana State Sen- 
ate from the counties of Lawrence and Monroe. His nomi- 
nation was by acclamation in the convention. His address 
is Bloomington, Indiana. Mr. Treat is a fine looking gentle- 
man and wears a long dark flowing beard, like the patriarchs 
of old. 



MELTON TEUSLER, 

SENATOR FROM FAYETTE, UNION AND RUSH, 

Was born in Franklin county, Ind , October 31, 1825. His 
parents were from Yirginia and removed to Indiana in 1812. 
He was educated in the common schools and engaged in 
school teaching at the age of twenty. This he soon aban- 
doned and returned to the farm upon which he w^as reared, 
and agriculture has been his principal occupation ever since. 
He has been an active Odd Fellow for twenty-five years and 
is a zealous member of the TJniversalist Church and Sunday 
school. He was elected trustee of Jackson township in 1861 
and continued to hold that office through the partiality of the 
people and his personal popularity until August, 1873, when 
he resigned. He was elected a member of the Legislature 
in the fall of 1873, as joint Eepresentative from the counties 
of Fayette and Union. He was again elected in the fall of 
1876 Senator from the counties of Eash, Fayette and Union. 
When the Whig party was in existence he professed the prin- 



68 LEGISLATIVE. 

ciples of that faith and acted with that party. Upon the 
organization of the Ec])ub]ican party he joined that and he 
is now, as he has been since then, a Eepublican, and was 
elected as such to the office he now holds. He resides upon a 
well cultivated farm near Everton, Fayette county, and is 
greatly interested in laws relating to agricultural and farm- 
ing interests. 



STEPHEJS^ ELBERT UEMSTON, 

SENATOR FROM FRANKLIN AND DEARBORN, 

Was born in Hamilton county, O., March 31, 1845, moved to 
Franklin county, Indiana, in the spring of 1860, and entered 
the college in Brookville, the county seat of said county, in 
1866, at which place he derived all his educational advant- 
ages. He commenced the study of law under the tutorship 
of the Hon. H. C. Hanna, who is well known as an able law- 
yer and an eminent jurist, in 1870, and entered the practice 
in 1872. In September, 1871, he was married to one of his 
school mates, a sweet faced girl, Miss Sarah Caldwell. Mr. 
TJrmston's political principles have always been Democratic. 
He was elected Prosecuting Attorney for the Thirty-seventh 
Judicial Circuit of the State of Indiana in 1874, and served 
for two 3 ears. He has filled the office of Town Clerk of 
Brookville, since 1874. He was elected to the Senate from 
the counties of Franklin and Dearborn, October, 1878, by a 
majority of over three thousand. He has an established 
lucrative practice in his profession, and has won the confi- 
dence and respect of the general public, as evidenced by the 
large vote given him as State Senator. Dignified and thought- 
ful in appearance — he is ever watchiul of the best interests 
of his constituents and thoroughly devoted to Democratic 
principles, and the success of the Democratic party. 



LEGISLATIVE. 69 

FEEDERICK W. YIEHE. 

S! NATOR FROM KNOX AND SULLIVAN. 

Westphalia, in the grand old Saxon empire of Prussia, is 
the birth place of Senator Yiehe. He was born Septenber 2, 
1832. When only twelve years of age he was brought to 
America, and became a resident of Knox county, where he 
has resided e^er since. The Senator was a farmer boy until 
he was twenty-one, when he taught school, then attended 
college two years and commenced the study of law, first un- 
der Hon. David Moss, and then in the office of Hon. Samuel 
Judali. Completing his law studies, he began to practice as 
a partner with Mr. Judah. In 1877 he was a member of the 
House, and in 1878 he was elected Senator by a majority of 
1,800. His district is composed of Knox and Sullivan. 

The strong Saxon vigor of Senator Yiehe's mind is evident 
in his well toned physical as well as mental formation. He 
is thoughtful and determined in the study of the right, and 
he evidently holds the grip on his own purposes with a high 
resolve to win in the end. 

His popular strength at home will give him standing and 
influence in the future and anywhere abroad. He resides in 
Yincennes. 

Senator Yiehe is a power in the Senate. As Chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee he holds a most important position. 
He is also a member of the Committee on Elections and sev- 
eral standing committees. Genial and kindly, he is yet de- 
cided and just, and in the Senate never fails in his endeavor 
to secure legislation that will redound to the credit of the 
State and the Democratic party. No man ranks higher as 
to integrity of purpose and honesty of dealing than Senator 
Yiehe, 



70 LEGISLATIVE. 



ELIJAH W, WEIE, 

SENATOR FROM LAGRANGE AND NOBLE. 

Senator Weir is sixty-six years of age. He was born in 
Washington county, Indiana, in 1813, and with his people 
came to Lagrange county, Indiana, in 1836. The occupation 
of farming has been the principle life service of Senator 
Weir, though from 1853 to 1857 he filled the office of Treas- 
urer of that county. The quiet retreat of rural life has been 
the chief pride of his years, and his long services in agricul- 
tural pursuits have imparted to his character the stamp of 
the honest farmer, and it is not strange that the boys of La- 
grange gloried in voting for Uncle Weir, and elected him to 
the State Senate. He is every way worthy of the people's 
patronage, for Washington had no higher integrity than he. 
Gr-eneral Jackson himself never excelled him in patriotism or 
honor. His venerable presence adds to the dignity of the 
Senate, and his strict adherence to the public welfare makes 
him one of the pillars of this body. For forty -three years 
he has been living in Lagrange county, which is a garden 
spot of geographical beauty, where he says he has never 
known a crop failure in all that time. For one hundred 
miles east and west, and for fifty miles north and south, the 
northern counties of the State furnish the finest home lands 
of the world. 



THOMAS J. WOOD, 

SENATOR FROM LAKE AND PORTER, 

Was born September 30, 1843 in Athens county, Ohio. He 
removed with his parents to Yigo county, Indiana, in 1852. 
He was raised upon a farm but received his education in the 



LEGISLATIVE. 71 

city free schools of Terre Haute, where he taught in the 
public schools two years. He then began the study of law in 
the office of Hon. Wm. Mack, in Terre Haute, in 1864. He 
attended in 1865 the Michigan University, through the kind 
assistance of Mr. Mack. He graduated in law in 1867 and 
located at Crown Point, Indiana, where he formed a law 
partnership with his uncle, Hon. Martin Wood, which firm 
has an extensive practice. Mr. Wood believes strongly in 
the Democracy of the old Jefferson school, but never held ex- 
treme opinions on political questions. He is liberal minded 
and conservative. He was elected Prosecuting Attorney two 
times in succession in a Republican district of twelve hun- 
dred majority, serving well the people of his district. In 1878 
the Democrats nominated him for Senator from Lake and 
Porter counties, which had a Republican majority of 1,120. 
The Greenback party ratified his nomination and gave him 
their cordial support. He was elected by 212 majority. This 
is a fair test of his popularity among the people and their 
faith in his sterling integrity. Mr. AVood is a persistent ad- 
vocate of good schools, and all that builds up a country. His 
sympathies are with the agricultural classes. He claims that 
the welfare of the whole country depends upon the work of 
the farm, and that farmers should have a cheap and easy 
transportation to the seaboard and have the whole world for 
a market. He thinks the Government should give this to 
the producing classes. Mr. Wood is one of the largest men 
in the Senate, mentally and physically, weighing over two 
hundred pounds, clear complexion, rosy-cheeked as a school 
boy, with blue eyes and gold-brown hair. 



72 LEGISLATIVE. 

DE. LEVIN J. WOOLLEX, 

SENATOR FROM RIPLEY, OHIO AND SWITZERLAND. 

Dr. VYoollen was born in Dorchester county, Maryland, 
June 30, 1834, In 1849 he came to Indiana and settled at 
Madison, and has been a resident of the State since that 
time. He studied medicine at Madison, and in 1857 gradu- 
ated at the University of Louisville. He at once entered 
upon the practice of his profession and has continued in 
active practice ever since. In 1876 Dr. "Woollen was the 
Democratic candidate for Congress in the Fourth District, 
but was defeated by Lieutenant-Governor Sexton by a small 
majority, although he led his ticket in the district. He was 
elected to tbe Senate in October, 1878 from the counties of 
Eipley, Ohio and Switzerland, defeating for the office Philip 
F. Selinger, Esq., of Eipley county. Dr. Woollen has been a 
Democrat from his youth. He is of a Democratic family, his 
father having cast his first vote for President for General 
Jackson. He is a brother of W. W. Woollen, Esq , of Wool- 
len, Webb & Co., bankers of Indianapolis, and of the Hon. 
Thomas W. Woollen, Attorney -General of the State. He re- 
sides at Yevay, in Switzerland county. 

Senator Woollen is one of the most active members of the 
Senate. Thoroughly interested in everything, pertaining to 
the public welfare and of benefit to hisconstituentsidentifying 
himself always with Democratic principles. Personally, he 
is of the intellectual order, a handsome gentleman, well 
formed and of average size, regular features, clear complex- 
ion, a clear, penetrating blue eye shaded by dark lashes, a 
broad, full forehead, and a heavy suit of dark brown hair, 
fnll of mental vigor and physicial health. He is an honor 
not only to the counties he represents in the Senate but a 
credit to the State as well. 



LEGISLATIVE. 73 

EDWIN ETJTHYEN WILSON, 

SENATOR FROM JEFFERSON, 

Eepresenting this county in the State Senate, was born in 
Fairfield county. Ohio, of Scotch parentage, came to Indiana 
when yet a child, and enjo^^s the distinction of having read 
law with a former chief executive of State and distinguished 
gentleman, Governor Joseph A. Wright. Mr. Wilson spent 
the early part of his life in northern Indiana where he re- 
ceived a country school education. The rudiments of know- 
ledge once implanted in the fertile soil of the inquiring mind, 
will lead to the further cultivation of, and the acquirement 
of its greater harvest, as in the case of Mr. Wilson. He mar- 
ried at an early age an intelligent lady, and has hut one son, 
now^ stud^'ing medicine in Indianapolis, who is also married. 
Mr. Wilson moved to Madison, Jeiferson county, in 1867, 
where he has since resided. By profession a lawyer he has 
filled the office of Prosecuting Attorney in the Tenth Judi- 
cial Circuit, and also occupied the position of Circuit Judge in 
the same Circuit. Has afted as National Bank Examiner for 
Indiana, and is now enjoying the rural life of a farmer. Per- 
sonally Senator Wilson is rather below the medium stature, 
whose frank, open expression of countenance betokens the 
liberal minded, genial mannered gentleman that he is, and 
whose honesty of purpose and the integrity of whose dealings 
are unquestioned Previous to 1856 Mr. Wilson was a De- 
mocrat, since that time he has espoused the Eepublican cause 
and is now one of the standard bearers of that organization. 



74 LEGISLATIVE. 



JOHN H. WINTEEBOTHAM, 

SENATOR FROM LAPORTE, 

Was born at Humphreysville, dow Seymour, Connecticut, 
November 13, 1813. His parents were English by birth, but 
American by adoption. His father was manager of a woolen 
manufactory for G-eneral Humphreys — Washington's Minister 
to Portugal, and the first importer of merino sheep. Under 
the supervision of the elder Winterbotham, the Humphreys 
mills turned out blankets and clothing for the army of the 
United States during the war of 1S12. At the close of the 
war General Humphreys admitted Mr. Winterbotham to the 
firm as junior partner, which relation was not dissolved until 
by the death of the General, in 1818. Continuing the busi- 
ness until 1828, Mr. Winterbotham was overwhelmed with 
business reverses, and became a bankrupt through protective 
legislation. Then he came West, locating in the wild woods 
of the State of Ohio, Owing to these reverses Senator Win- 
terbotham could only graduate from the old log school house 
in the district where the family settled, near Fredericktown. 
He spent several years in farming, when he left school, after 
which he began the sale of agricultural implements through 
the Western States, for Eastern manufacturers. In 1849 he 
became the junior member of the firm of Pinney, Lamson & 
Co., manufacturers of agricultural tools, Columbus Ohio. 
They contracted largely for convict labor in the Ohio State 
Penitentiary. In 1853, Mr. Winterbotham sold his interest 
in, and retired from the firm. He then formed a co-partner- 
ship with General G. A. Jones of Mt. Yernon, Ohio, they 
leasing thelowa Penitentiary and engaged in the manufacture 
of agricultural implements in that institution for a period 
often years. He soon after, with Gen'l C. E. Wever, estab- 
lished the Fort Madison NationalBank, acting as itsPresident 
until his removal in 1865 to Michigan City, where he con- 



LEGISLATIVE. 75 

tracted for 150 men in the State Prison North employing 
them in the manufacture of cooperage, carriage bodies and 
gearing which met with a large sale throughout the country. 
In 1871 Senator Winterbotham contracted for the services 
of 200 men in the Illinois State prison at Joliet, and has since 
carried on extensive manufactures in both these prisons, the 
firm name including his sons. In 1872 he was elected Senator 
from Laporte, and in 1876 was re-tlected, and is now on his 
last term. He has in the mean time retired from business? 
placing it in the hands of his sons. He is and has been 
remarkably successful in all his undertakings, has first class 
executive ability, is decided and resolute, and a good tacticion. 



D. D. DALE, 



PRINCIPAL SECRETARY OF THE SENATE, 

Was born May 13, 1836, in White county, Indiana, and re- 
ceived more than an average education at the local public 
and high schools of his county. His early life was spent in 
tilling the soil, but at present and for some years past has 
practiced his adopted profession, that of the law. He served 
his country as Second Lieutenant of Company K, 20th In- 
diana Infantry, for about one and one-half years. He was 
married June 1, 1864, and lives with his family at Monticello, 
in White county. Mr. Dale has held the office of Clerk of 
the White Circuit Court two terms — from 1867 to 1875. 

He has always been an active, positive Democrat, and for 
a great many years was chairman of the Democratic County 
Central Committee, and also of the Congressional Committee. 
A campaign in his town, township, county or Congressional 
district, without his taking an active part would be like the 
play of Hamlet with Mr. Hamlet absent. 



76 LEGISLATIVE. 

The following gentlemen compose Mr. Dale's corps of 
assistants : 

John E Hoagland, Fort Wayne ; John H. Poole, Kentland; 
Eoyal Hicks, Eockport ; John jS". Effinger, Peru; Charles 
Eichardson, Plymouth ; D. M. Eennoe, South Bend ; B. W. 
Gray, Union City ; Thos. Burroughs, Eensselaer. 



C. W. WAED, 

ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE SENATE. 

Was born at Bradford, New Hampshire, March 10, 1848- 
When he was four years old his father died. His patrimony 
being small, at the age of seven he went to work in a stock- 
ing factory at Franklin, N. H., where he continued for one 
year; from thence he went upon a farm where he remained 
until 1857, when at the instance of his uncle, O. P. Davis, he 
came to Indiana. Upon his arrival he was placed under the 
instruction of Hon. B. C. Hobbs, at Bloomingdale, Tndiana, 
where he continued for two years. In 1866 he went to New 
London, N. H., where he completed his school-day life. Up- 
on his return he entered the law office of Judge B E. Ehoads? 
at Newport, Indiana, and in 1869 started to Montana Terri- 
tory with Survej'or General H. D. Washburn. When 150 
miles above the Yellow Stone river the steamer upon which 
they had taken passage was sunk and robbed by a war party 
of Crow Indians. The steamer was afterwards raised, but the 
river being so shallow the party were compelled to retrace 
their journey, and Mr. Ward returned to Newport On Jan- 
uary 12, 1869, he was married to Miss Florence Montgomery^ 
a neice of Prof. John Collett. Mr. Ward now resides at 
Newport and is engaged in the practice of law. In politics 
he is a National, with a leaning toward the Democracy, who 



LEGISLATIVE. 77 

elected him Assistant Secretary of the Senate, when they had 
it in their jDOwer to elect one of their own political faith. Mr. 
Ward is a gentleman of fine personale, marked social quali- 
ties and enjoys the reputation of being a fluent speaker and 
logical reasoner. 

Upon his election Mr. Ward appointed as his assistants: 
W. H. Drapier, Indianapolis; Olney Newell, Lebanon ; James 
Blanchard, Newport; John T. Campbell, Eockville ; Edward 
J. Barry, Terre Haute. 



EICHAED HUNCHEON. 

DOORKEEPER OF THE SENATE. 

Was born and reared in Oneida county, New York, where he 
received a limited education. In 1852 he came to Indiana, 
and commenced farming in Laporte county, and has con- 
tinued to pursue that branch of industry to the present time. 
During the late rebellion Mr Huncheon was twice drafted, 
and as many times purchased and sent a substitute. In 1880 
he was the nominee of the Democratic party of his county 
for sheriff, and when the ballots were counted, Mr. Huncheon 
ascertained the fact that the was re-elected — a farmer — by DOO 
Eepublican votes. 

He has never h^ a change of heart politically, and prob- 
ably never will, so firmly grounded are his convictions in the 
principles of the late General Jackson. In the organization 
of the Senate he is accredited to the County of Laporte. He 
is supposed to be the only person who has held succes- 
sively for three sessions the position of Doorkeeper of the 
Senate, and certainly no one has ever performed its duties 



78 LEGISLATIVE. 

belter or more to the satisfaction of the Senators than Mr. 
Huncheon. His assistants are : 

James AYalker, Loogootee ; Wm. Langstaff, Frankfort ; 
Samuel Barr, Leavenworth ; Jesse Hough, Indianapolis ; 
John Throop, Bloomington ; Milton Tremain, Sardinia ; Louis 
Steup, Fort Wayne ; by resolution, Louis Jocquel, Fort 
Wayne. 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 



HBN"Er S. CAUTHOEN, 

SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE — REPRESENTATIVE FROM KNOX. 

The gentleman who presides over the House of Eepresen- 
tatives in so able and dignified, yet affable and pleasant a 
manner, is a native Indianian and was born in the borough? 
now city, of Yincennes, February 23, 1828, where not only 
his father but his grandfather had resided before him. His 
father, Dr. Gabriel Cauthorn, came from Virginia, and died 
when the subject of this sketch was too young to understand 
the full measure of his loss, and which in fact he was never 
permitted to feel in all its depths, for his grandfather, Col. 
Blihu Stout, took the orphan boy to rear and educate. Mr. 
Stout was then the editor of the "Western Sun," which he had 
established at Vincennes in 1804, being the first newspaper 
ever published in the territory north west of the Ohio river. 
That brave old pioneer has long since passed to his last rest- 
ing place, but the publication, the result of his labor, still 
continues to perpetuate his memory. In that newspaper 
office Mr. Cauthorn commenced his education, working as a 
compositor at the case. He attained a more thorough rudi- 
mentary knowledge, and the orthography of the language 
than he could have in those days acquired in the village 
school. He completed his education at Asbury University 
where he attended four years, graduating in 1848. Mr. 
Cauthorn then studied law lunder the direction of Benj. M. 
Thomas, who was at the time U. S. District Attorney for the 



80 LEGISLATIVE.' 

State of Indiana, and was admitted to the bar at Vincennes, 
in 1854. On the organization ol Yincenncsas a city, in 1855, 
Mr. Cauthorn was elected City Attorney and was re- elected 
for a second term. He was afterward elected District Attor- 
ney for the Common Pleas Court, and in 1860 was elected 
Clerk ol the Knox Circuit Court, which position he held 
eight years. He then returned to the practice of his profes- 
sion. Mr. Cauthorn has always been interested in matters 
pertaining to the general welfare and was for many years 
school examiner or trustee. In the year 1870 Mr. Cauthorn 
represented Knox county in the State Legislature. Was re- 
elected in 1872, serving his constituents so well he was elected 
to the same position without opposition receiving the almost 
unanimous support of the voters. That this tribute to his 
value as a statesman was deserved is evidenced by the fact of 
his having been chosen by his colleagues of the House of Eep- 
resentatives to preside over the deliberations of that body, 
and no gentleman has ever filled that tr3^ing position in a 
more sagacious or commendable manner. Generous impulse 
and kindliness find expression in his face and betoken the 
liberal-minded, courteous gentleman. He is a staunch advo- 
tate of Democratic princi2)les, the rights of the peoj^le. and a 
firm defender of the equal rights of women. 



ALVIN J. ALDEN. 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM DEARBORN, 

AVas born July 16th, 1823, in Jackson township, Dear- 
born county, Indiana. His parents were both Ameri- 
cans, his father having been born in New Hampshire, and 
his mother in Pennsylvania. His ancestors moved to and 
settled in the township where the subject of our sketch was 



LEGISLATIVE. 81 

born, in 1817, and the son was brought up as a farmer and 
had only such school accommodations as the old log school 
house in a newly settled country afforded. His father died 
in 1844, but his mother resides at present in Chillicothe, 
Missouri. The son still lives in the township in which he was 
born. He served in the Legislature of 1848, 1849, 1854 and 
1855. His first vote for a United States Senator was cast in 
1848 for the Hon. James Whitcomb, and his next one for the 
Hon. D. W. Yoorhees. He was also elected Eecorder of his 
county in 1863, and faithfully served his constituents for four 
years. This is the only political office he has ever held, out- 
side of his legislative career. Socially Mr. Alden is a plain 
old farmer, with a large heart, and in politics a firm, stead- 
fast, unrelenting Democrat. His postoffice address is Weis- 
burg. Dearborn county, Indiana. 



EUSSEL ALLEN, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM PUTNAM, 

Was born Nov. 8, 1828, at Cazenovia, Madison county, New 
York. He came west to grow up with the country, during 
the year 1837, and with his father's family, settled in Yigo 
county, where he received a limited education in the village 
schools. From 1837 to 1850 he occupied himself with farm- 
ing on the Fort Harrison and Honey Creek Prairies and 
shaking with the ague, dividing his time about "alf and 
alf ' between the two. In 1850 he removed to Greencastle, 
Putnam county, where in company with his two brothers he 
learned the trade of a practical stone-cutter, and carried on 
the business for some years. In 1857 he removed with his 
wife and their child to the swamps of Pulaski county. It 
was here that "Yox Populi" called upon him to become their 
6 



82 • LEGISLATIVE. 

servant and he responded as real estate appraiser and county 
surveyor. In 1869 he returned to Greenoastle and re- engaged 
in the stone business. He was a member of the Greenoastle 
City Council for two years, and has held other minor offices. 
Mr. Allen is a thorough Democrat and desires the principles 
of Democracy to preface, and hopes to see the General 
Assembly of 1879 do all in its power to lift the pressure from 
the backs of the poor laboring people, and restore the confi- 
dence and prosperity so much desired by all. He receives 
his mail at Greencastle, Indiana. 



JAMES T. ARNOLD, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM GRANT AND BLACKFORD. 

The father of our sketch was born in Newberry, South 
Carolina, in 1789, emigrated to Ohio and settled in Darke 
county in 1816, when Ohio was the '-far west," it being the 
frontier State, and Darke county was on the verge of civil- 
ization. Here he continued to reside until his death, in 1875. 

Mr. James T. Arnold was born on a farm in Darke county, 
on April 5th, 1844. He received a common school education, 
and afterwards graduated at the Ohio Wesleyan University, 
at Delaware, Ohio, in 1863. After leaving college he entered 
upon a busy life in mercantile pursuits. His business is that 
of a merchant and miller. 

In his mill and factory he gives employment to 125 hands. 
He has always been a staunch and unflinching Republican, 
but has never dabbled in politics sufficient to hold or run for 
office before his recent successful race for his present position. 
In personal appearance and general contour Mr. Arnold much 
resembles Ex-Lieutenant-Governor Cumback, and we should 
judge him to be much the same in spirit and disposition. 
His postoffice address is Montpelier, Blackford county. 



LEGISLATIVE. 83 



JESSE AENOLD, 

EEPRESENTATIVE FROM WABASH, 

WaSjborn at Greenville, Darke county, Ohio, October 24, 1831, 
His father, William Arnold, was one of the very earliest 
settlers in that county, and one of its most respected citizens. 
He lived on his farm at Greenville nearly sixty years, to the 
time of his death, in 1875. 

Jesse Arnold was educated at a country school, such as were 
common in Ohio thirty years ago, but having a natural taste 
for literature, he supplied in after life, to some extent, the 
want of such an education as better schools now furnish. 

Mr. Arnold has read law as a literary pursuit and also as 
an aid to the successful management of business, in which 
he has large and varied interests. 

In 1852, at the age of twenty years, Mr. Arnold moved 
from Greenville to South Whitley, Whitley county, Indiana, 
engaging in mercantile and manufacturing pursuits. He still 
owns valuable property interests there. In 1872, Mr. Arnold 
removed to North Manchester, Wabash county, Indiana, his 
present home (which is only ten miles from South Whitley), 
having organized the Manchester Bank, of which he is man- 
ager. Mr. Arnold's business interests are extensive and 
varied. He is one of the few men who, engaging young in 
business pursuits, have continued in the same without suspen- 
sion or interruption. During all the financial changes which 
the past twenty-six years have wrought, he has preserved his 
credit and business reputation. As a public man Mr. Arnold 
has been chosen because he was a worker and could be use- 
ful. He is supposed to know little of the art of being poj^u- 
lar, except as honest endeavor w^iil accomj^lish that result. 
He has been useful as president of his town organization and 
where. the people believe that liberal actions are devised. 



84 LEGISLATIVE. 

Mr. Arnold is by nature, habit and principle a Eepubli- 
can and thinks the elements which make that party are the 
only ones that can give our country good government, safe 
and progressive. 



CLARK L. BAKER, 

5ENTATIVE FROM TIPPE' 

Was born in Butler county, Ohio, in the year 1835, and 
moved with his father's family to Tippecanoe county, Indi- 
ana, in the spring of 1854. He lived with his parents until 
he was twenty-two years of age. when he commenced teach- 
ing school in. the eastern part of the county, but soon after 
married and settled down on the farm where he now resides. 
He has always followed agricultural pursuits. His Democ- 
racy is "bred in the bone." He was elected by one hundred 
and six majority where the average Republican majority was 
six hundred and eighty-four. This, taken into consideration, 
that he has held the office of Township Trustee for many 
years, though his township is largely Republican, stamps 
him as a man who has always acted in the interests of the 
people. No one stands higher for honesty and integrity 
where he is known than does Clark L. Baker. He is a Pres- 
byterian in religion. Postoffice address is Pettit, Indiana. 



JOSEPH D. BAEKER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM PIKE, 

Was born December 10, 1854, and is consequently only twen- 
ty-five years of age. He is the youngest member of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, and probably the youngest ever elected to 



LEGISLATIVE. 85 

that body in this State. When twentj^-one years of age he 
was elected Township Assessor. His occupation is that of a 
farmer, and his education was obtained entirely from the 
common schools. He is a Democrat in politics, and expects 
to live and die such. As a legislator he is making a record 
that shall satisfy his constituents, and they trust that the 
career upon which he has entered thus early in life may con- 
tinue to brighten until he shall have attained the top round 
in the ladder of fame. He was married February 19. 1874. 
His postoffice address is Petersburg, Indiana. 



ALBEET COLE BEAESS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MIAMI, 

Was born September 11, 1838, at Peru, Indiana, in the county 
he now represents, and with the exception of eight years, 
spent on the Pacific slope, has always resided at his birth- 
place. He received his education at Kenyon College, Ohio" 
and is at present a farmer and stock raiser. Mr. Bearss dur- 
ing his absence in the far west, represented the State of Ne- 
vada in the legislature for three terms, and in 1867 returned 
to Peru. His father, Daniel Eobert Bearss, was born in New 
York in 1809, received his education in the common schools 
of Western New York and Detroit, Michigan, and finally set- 
tled in Indiana, in 1828. He has lived for many years near 
Peru, Indiana, and has been honored by, and has honored, 
the people ©f Miami county many times He has been elected 
to the lower branch of the Legislature twice, and to the 
Senate three times. His eldest son, George Eussell Bearss, 
represented the counties of Kosciusko and Fulton during the 
years of 1874 and 1875, and now we see x\lbert Cole Bearss 
representing Miami county. So it would seem that the 



86 LEGISLATIVE. 

genius of office holding has been handed down from father to 
sons. 

Albert was raised a Whig, but since his majority has 
always been a .Republican. He is a married man and is the 
father of two bright children. This is his first term of service 
in the Indiana Legislature. His post office is at Peru, In- 
diana. 



EUSSEL BLOCKLEY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM POSEY, 

Was born in Fairfax county, Virginia, December 30., 1818> 
and continued to reside with his father in Virginia until 
1832, when the family moved to the "far west" of those days, 
and settled upon the banks of the Big Muskingum, near 
Marietta, Washington county, Ohio. He received a common 
education, the best the date and locality aff'orded. Soon after 
his arrival in Washington County, his father died, and his 
mother soon followed her husband into the unknown future. 
This left the care of a younger brother and sister upon Eus- 
sel, and he nobly did his duty by them. In 1837 he mar- 
ried, and remained in Washington county until 1848, when 
he moved to Posey county this State, and has always lived 
since that year, within the limits of Posey. From 14 years 
of age to the present time, he has followed farming for a live- 
lihood and his entire life time has been one of toil and hard- 
ships. Mr. Blockley has never belonged to any secret society, 
either social or political. In politics he is a Democrat of the' 
deepest dye, and darkest hue, never having voted for any one 
but a democrat during 38 years of his majority. His first 
vote for a president was for Martin Van Buren, and his last 
for Samuel J. Tilden. He is strictly of the Jacksonian type^ 



LEGISLATIVE. 87 

and loves the principles of that ancient old political mariner 
with an intense devotion. He expects to adhere to them for 
the remainder of his life, believing them to be the only ones, 
that if strictly inculcated and made permanent, will ever 
bring back to the American people peace, prosperity, 
and good will, to and between all classes, without regard to 
color, caste or previous condition. He has always been a 
hard, and ardent worker for the principles he professes, be- 
leiving them to be well founded. His post office address is at 
Mount Vernon, Indiana. 



JOHN C. BEIGGS. 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM SULLIVAN. 

Was born in Carlisle, Sullivan county, Indiana, September 
2, 1841. His father located in the county in 1833, having 
emigrated from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he had just 
graduated at the Dickison College and at law. He was one 
of the solid men of the county at that date, but became 
involved in 1854, through his public spirit in subscribing too 
liberally to the capital stock of the Evansville & Crawfords- 
ville Eailroad. At an early age the subject of this sketch 
was thrown on his own resources. He received a fair Eng- 
lish education in the High School at Sullivan. At the age of 
nineteen, on the breaking out of the Eebellion, he volun- 
teered in the 14th Indiana Eegiment and served in the army 
over four years with credit, coming out with the rank of 
Captain in the Quartermaster's Department. After a year or 
two''spent in mercantile pursuits in the State of Mississippi, 
he entered the law office of Hon. D. W. Voorhees, in Terre 
Haute, and, after completing his studies, w^as elected Prose- 



88 LEGISLATIVE. 

cuting Attorney for the Circuit compoged of Vermillion, 
Parke, Vigo and Sullivan counties, and ser\ed two years. 
After the expiration of his term as Prosecutor, he practiced 
his profession at Terre Haute, in partnership with Mr. Voor- 
hees, until November, 1873, when he returned to Sullivan, 
where continuing the practice of law, he has within the past 
few years, risen to the front rank among members of the bar 
of his native county. Caj)t. Briggs has never voted any but 
a Democratic ticket, and has been, and is, an earnest worker 
for his party. He is not only one of the most dignified and 
prominent members of the House, but he is of commanding 
stature, easy and graceful manners and a model specimen of 
manly beauty — has clear skin, fair blue eyes, and a profusion 
of blonde curling hair. He is an excellent speaker, strong, 
forcible and convincing in argument. 



GEOEGE H. BKOWN, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM JASPER AND WHITE, 

Was born in Jackson county, Ohio, May 16, 1816, of Ameri- 
can parents. When but eleven years old his parents moved 
to Indiana, settling in Tippecanoe county, where he received 
his education in the schools of that day. 

He continued to reside in Tippecanoe county until the year 
1840, when he removed to Jasper county, where he has lived 
until the present time. 

Mr. Brown is a farmer and stock dealer by occupation, but 
has held several minor political offices in his township and 
county. He was a commissioner of Jasper county for ten 
years, Eepublican in politics until 1870, since which time he 
has acted with untiring zeal wath the Independents, or Green - 
backers. In 1874 he was elected by the Independents as a 



LEGISLATIVE. 89 

Eepresentative, and re-elected in 1878 by largely increased 
majorities in both Jasper and AYbite counties. He is a genial, 
whole-souled gentleman, honest as a June day is long, and is 
a shining light in his party. His postoffice address is Rens- 
selaer. 



EZBKIEL BROWN, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM STEUBEN, 

Was born in Cayuga county, State of New York, July 28, 
1831. When but five years of age his parents removed to 
Lagrange county, Indiana. He received a good education at 
the academy at Lagrange. He has always followed the oc- 
cupation of a farmer and stock raiser, and never held any 
office but that of Township Trustee. In politics he has always 
been staunch Republican, and carried his county by 560 
majority. Mr. Brown is one of the fine looking gentleman of 
the House ; is full}^ six feet in height, weighing about two hun- 
dred and thirty pounds ; is well proportioned and is married. 
When he shall have served his present term in the House 
the people of his county will no doubt further honor him for 
his fidelity to their and the State's interests while a member 
of the present Legislature. His postoffice address is at 
Crooked Creek. 



DR. JAMES H. BRYAJNT, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM SPENCER, 

Was born December 19, 1824, in Daviess county, Kentucky, 
and came to Indiana at the age of ten years, and acquired 



90 LEGISLATIVE. 

an education by his own exertions. He followed farming 
until 1847 when he was appointed Kecorder of Spencer county 
to fill a vacancy. At the beginning of the Mexican war he 
resigned his office, and enlisted as a private in the Fourth 
Eegiment, Indiana Volunteers. He was subsequently ap- 
pointed sargeant and served through the war, participating in 
several engagements. On his return from Mexico he re- 
sumed farming. In 1843 he was married, and in 1851 began 
the study of medicine. He attended the Iowa University 
College, and in 1857 located at Huntingburg, Dubois county, 
and entered upon the practice of his profession, which he con- 
tinued until 1862, when he raised a company for the 42nd 
Indiana and served in the capacity of Captain nearly two 
years, when ill health compelled him to resign. He was in 
several important engagements, among which were Stone 
Eiver and Perryville. After returning home he continued 
the practice of medicine until called to the halls of legislation. 
At the last election, the doctor was chosen to represent 
Spencer county in the Lower House of the Legislature, and 
we may say that he is filling his j)lace with dignity, intelli- 
gence and fidelity. This record, like that of his life, will no 
doubt meet with the approval and commendation of all 
honorable minds. His post office address is at Gentryville. 



FEANK D. CALDWELL, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM CLINTON, 

Was born in Butler county, Ohio, September 13th, 1823, of 
Scotch and Irish parentage. He came to Indiana with his 
parents in 1830, and first settled in Fayette county, remaining 
there, however, only until the fall of 1833, when he removed 
to Clinton county, where he has ever since resided. By dili- 



LEGISLATIVE. 91 

gence he acquired a good common school education and com- 
menced teaching school himself in the year 1845. Eight 
years thereafter he was elected one of the trustees of the 
common schools of his county, and held the office for six 
years. In 1856 he received the nomination on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for the sheriffalty of his county, was elected by 
a handsome majority, and served the good people of his 
county with entire satisfaction until 1861, when his term ex- 
pired. He then followed rural pursuits until 1863, when he 
assumed the editorial department of the Frankfort Weekly 
Crescent, but only continued as such for one year. He was 
one of the engrossing clerks in the Legislature during the 
winter of 1863. 

In 1870 he was nominated by acclamation for Eepresenta- 
tive, and was elected by a large majority. In 1872 he de- 
clined a nomination, having engaged in the grain and stock 
trade at Kilmore station. In 1874 he was again elected to 
the Legislature by a largely increased majority over that of 
1870. He served with distinction in that body, occupying a 
prominent position on the Ways and Means Committee. He 
was the author of a bill to raise revenue by i^lacing his levy 
at ten cents on the hundred dollars, thereby reducing the 
taxes of the people fully one-third. Again in 1878 he aspired 
to the nomination, on the Democratic ticket, for the Legisla- 
ture, and w^as triumphantly elected, having made a vigorous 
canvass prior to the election, against Kev. James L. Miller> 
the National and Eepublican candidate. His majority was 
the largest popular majority ever given any candidate for 
Legislative honors in Clinton county. Prior to 1854, he was 
a Whig, but since the disolution of that party he has found a 
congenial home in the ranks of the Democratic party, and 
expects to continue the balance of his days fighting for the 
benign principles of Democracy and the supremacy of the 
glorious old party. Address him at Frankfort, Clinton county. 



92 LEGISLATIVE. 



BENJAMIN FEANKLIN CAMPBELL, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM CASS, 

Was born March 4, 1835. in Starke county, Ohio. He received 
a common school education, and has always followed farming, 
preferring it to office-holding, although frequently solicited 
to become a candidate for office. He emigrated to Indiana in 
1848, and has always lived in Cass county. He is of medium 
height and size, is of good address, and is married. 
He is a Eepublican in politics, and has been all his life a be- 
liever in the universal brotherhood of man, and that all men 
of every nationality, color or clime ought to have the same 
right before the law. He believes, also, that the salvation of 
this nation, so far as human agency is concerned, depends al- 
most entirely in carrying out the doctrine of the equality of 
all men before the law. He is strictly temperate in his habits, 
and an ardent advocate of the temperance cause, although 
not a " fanatic " in his ideas of temperance. His postoffice 
address is at Logan sport. 



COL. OLIVEE HAZAED PEEEY CAEEY, 

REPRESNTATIVE FROM GRANT, 

Was born in Fayette county, Indiana, February 26, 1819. 
His father's name was Col. Samuel Carey, who was born in 
New Jersey. His mother's maiden name was Sarah Goble, 
and she was a native of Ohio. His father was commissioned 
Colonel of the State militia by Gov. Jennings, and fought 
under General Harrison in 1812, and met his death by acci- 
dent in 1828. When the subject of sketch was twelve years 
of age he was apprenticed to a saddle and harness maker, 
learned the trade and followed that line of business until the 



LEGISLATIVE. 93 

breaking out of the Mexican war, when he enlisted in Company 
A, 4th Indiana Volunteer Infantry ; was made Ist Lieuten- 
ant of the Company, and served under Gens. Taylor and 
Scott , was on the ill-fated steamer, Ann Chase, when she ex- 
2)loded in July, 1847, in the Clulf of Mexico ; was one of 
the sixty survivors who reached the shore, and had to tramp 
sixty miles without provisions or water. While under Gen. 
Taylor he was stationed on the Eio Grande, at \ era Cruz, 
under General Scott, from which point he went to the City 
of Mexico, participating in all the battles on that line; was 
there when peace was concluded. He returned home and fol- 
lowed the business of saddle and harness making until 1850, 
when he went to California by the overland route, returning 
home after the absence of a year. 

In 1861 was the first volunteer in Grant county under 
Lincoln's call for75,000 men. Served through the three months 
service, participating in the battle of Eich Mountain, Virgi- 
nia, asCapt. Co.B. Sth.Eegimentand with his company opened 
that fight ; he returned home in 1861, and aided in reorgan- 
izing his Eegiment as Capt. Co. A, and was pro- 
moted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 36th. He had entire com- 
mand of it after the first six months, particij^ating in the bat- 
tles fromPittsburgh Landing to "beyondAtlanta". AVhen the 
regiment was mustered out he organized the 153rd and served 
until the close of the war, being in continuous service for 
four years and seven months, was wounded several times and 
had two horses killed under him. Upon his return home 
he engaged in agricultural pursuits, and is so still employed. 
In 1876 he was elected to represent Grant County in the 
House of Eepresentatives, and in 1878 was re elected to the 
same position, so well pleased were his constituents with his 
former labor. He is a married man and has had four chil- 
dren, two boys and two girls — but one now living — the 
}'Oungest daughter; He sacrificed one son, his last boy, in 



94 LEGISLATIVE. 

the cause of his country during the late rebellion. Few 
men oan point to a prouder record than the above. He has 
been a consistent member of the christianChurch for 35 years 
has taken twelve degrees in Masonr}^, and is serving as Capt. 
of Marion Conimandery, No. 21, at the present time. His 
Post-Office address is Marion, Indiana, and his politics since 
the breaking out of the war have been Republican. Prior to 
that date they were Democratic. 



WILLIAM B. CAETER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM CLARKE, 

Was born in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, about the 
year of 1829. His parents were of Irish extraction, and died 
of yellow fever during the j-ear 1833, at New Orleans, leav- 
ing the young son an orphan, in a strange land. He was sent 
to the Lafayette Orphan Asylum, where he remained until 
1838. He was apprenticed to Edward Price, of Clarke 
county, Indiana, and S2)ent three years learning to farm. 
Not liking farming he took service in flat-boating, commenc- 
ing as cabin boy, and from that advanced rapidly to the 
position as a first-class pilot, in which capacity he served 
during the war. For years he has been engaged in piloting 
coal barges from Louisville, K}^., to New Orleans, and it mat- 
ters not in what stage the Mississippi is, he never failed to 
land his charge in good shape, at the levee at New Orleans. 
He has made the trips during all seasons for twenty-five 
years, and prides himself on his proficiency. Politically, the 
Captain is a National-Greenbacker, and from his j^olitical 
standpoint, can see nothing but corruption in the two old 
parties. He has lived in Clarke county forty years, is a mar- 



LEGISLATIVE. 95 

ried man, and the father of three grown boys; is a member 
of the M. E. Church, a true temperance man and advocate — 
having taken yards of temperance ribbons, and of which he 
is justly proud. He belongs to the Ancient Order of Free- 
Masons, to the Knights of Honor, and to Triumph Lodge 
A. O. U. W. 

He is a large, fine looking gentleman, full of courage, and 
as daring in his legislative purposes as if he had hold of the 
wheel of a steamer, and was ringing his second bells. His 
postofiice address is at Jefferson ville. 



ISAAC M. COMPTON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM CLAY, 

Was born March 30, 1832, in Hamilton county, Ohio. His 
father in October 1837, moved to Clay county, Indiana 
and settled on a farm near Brazil, where he lived until the 
year 1852, working on the farm during summer and atten- 
ding common school in the winter. He afterwards worked 
at the carpenters trade until 1856, when he was employed as 
clerk in a retail store. He was elected a Justice of the peace 
in 1857, which office he held for eight years. In August, 1862. 
he volunteered and was elected by his company First 
Lieutenant, was sent to Kentucky, and was in the battle at 
Munfordsville on the 14th of September, 1862, and was 
taken prisoner and sent home, studied law, and in 1866 was 
admitted to practice in the Clay Circuit Court. As an attor- 
ney he has been very successful, having a large practice 
especially in collections and probate business. 

In 1872 the democracy of his county gave him the nomi- 
nation for Eepresentative without opposition ; that being the 
Greeley year his county went republican, and he was defea- 



96 LEGISLATIVE. 

ted. In the year 1876 he was again nominated for the same 
office and was elected by a majority of 301. At the session of 
the legislature of 1877 he served on the committee on Organ- 
ization of Courts, on Rights and Privileges of the Inhabi- 
tants of the State, on Eail Roads and on special committees 
on Mines and Mining, looking with great zeal after the 
mining interest of his county. He was the author of Comp- 
ton's ventilation bill,No. 66, which, by his energy, passed the 
House without a dissenting vote, but was defeated in the 
Senate. Mr. Compton then succeeded in inserting a plank in 
the platform of the Democratic State Convention, calling for a 
ventilation bill. For this service and his general work in 
the legislature the miners of his county demanded his return 
for a second session and he was elected in 1878. At the session 
of the Legislature in 1879 he was on the committee on judi- 
ciary, railroads, mileage and accounts, and chairman ot the 
committee on mines and mining; he was also on the joint 
staningd committee on public buildings. His chief aim at 
this session has been to get a mining law passed for the 
protection ol the mining interest in his county, and for that 
purpose he introduced Mining Bill IS"©. 7 which, by his efforts, 
passed the house without a dissenting vote, and in the senate 
was passed after great opposition on the part of the friends of 
capitalists and operators. Mr. Compton has j^roved himself 
a valuable member of the Assembly. 



JAMES M. COJSFER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARSHALL, 

"VYas born April 6, 1828, in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, 
where he resided until 1859, when he moved to Plymouth, 
Marshall county, Indiana, and has resided there to the pre- 



LEGISLATIVE. 97 

sent time. In 1850 he graduated as a physician from the 
University of Medicine, at Philadelphia, and has devoted his 
time from 1850 studiously to the practice of his profession. 
The only civil position he ever filled was that of Chief of the 
Fire Department. He served two years, from 1846 to 1848, 
in the 2nd Eegiment Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Mexican 
war, also as Captain of Gomj^any K., 29th Eegiment Indiana, 
Volunteer Infantry, and as surgeon in the same Eegiment, 
during the late rebellion. He has never held any political 
office whatever, and never voted for any man except he was a 
Democrat, unadulterated. He did not even vote for Horace 
Greeley when a candidate upon his national ticket for Presi- 
dent. Mr. Confer takes his politics, like a Deadwood miner 
takes his whiskey, "straight." His post office address is 
Plymouth. 



JOSEPH W. CONNAWAY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM FAYETTE AND UNION, 

Was born in Fayette county, Indiana, September 8, 1836. 
Was raised to the age of twenty-one years upon a farm, 
without any opportunity of attending school. After his ma- 
jority, however, he determined to acquire an education, but 
had to depend wholly upon his own resources. By industry 
and the strictest economy, and by alternately teaching and 
attending school he was enabled to complete his education at 
Oxford, O, in the summer of 1864 During the following yeai 
he was employed 'as Principal of the High Schools at Liberty 
Indiana, and performed his duties with credit to himself 
and to the entire satisfaction of the patrons of the school 
He then turned his attention to the profession of law, read 
ing one year under the tutelage of Ihe Hon. Jonathan Gor 
7 



98 LEGISLATIVE. 

don, and one with Gen. Tom Bennett. In 1868 he opened an 
oflSce at Liberty, Indiana, and began to practice his profes- 
sion, and has continued to so do with marked ability. As an 
advocate he is very successful. In politics he is an unswerv- 
ing Eepublican, in whose politics there is no guile, and he 
has taken an active part in political campaigns for several 
years past. Postoffice address, Liberty. 



J0H:N^ B. CONNOR, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARION, 

Was born in April, 183L in Jennings county, Indiana, and 
received his education in the schools of his native county. 
He has always had a weakness for the "quill," and for twelve 
years was the editor and publisher of the Vernon Banner, 
issued at Yernon, in Jennings county, this State. In 1859 he 
was elected Recorder of his county, serving but two years, 
when he resigned the oflSce. and aided in recruiting a com- 
pany and entered the army in 1862 as First Lieutenant of 
Company "A," 12th Indiana Regiment. After the Battle of 
Richmond, Ky., he was promoted to the captaincy of his com- 
pany and served with his regiment until it was mustered 
out. He has been a resident of Indianapolis for nearly five 
years, and has returned to his first love — being one of the 
proprietors and publishers of the Indiana Farmer, He is a 
tried and true Republican and was elected by a majority of 
1,000 votes. In personal appearance Representative Connor 
is of medium height, rotund in build, and has black eyes, 
hair and whiskers. He is strictly temperate in his habits, 
and is hale and hearty in bodj^ for a man two score and ten 
years old. 



LEGISLATIVE. 



AETHUE C. COPELAND, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM KOSCIUSKO AND FULTON, 

Was born December 22, 1842, at Zanesville, Muskingum 
county, Ohio, and in 1843 moved to Marion, Ohio, where he 
resided until 1866, when he became a permanent resident of 
Indiana. He opened the Eochester Bank in 1866, and the 
First National Bank, of Eochester, in 1872, and during its 
existence held the position of President of the Bank. He is 
at present the cashier and owner of the Eochester Bank. 
He was a member of the regular and special sessions of the 
Legislature of 1877, serving as chairman of two important com- 
mittees, and is now a member of the three principal commit- 
tees of this session. In politics he is a radical Eepublican, 
and decidedly in favor of honest money. 

Eepresentative Copeland is yet a j^oungman, being scarcely 
in the prime of life, and we predict for him a bright future. 
He is a bachelor, and receives his mail at Eochester. 



DANIEL A. CUNNINGHAM, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HARRISON, 

Was born February 16, 1842, in Harrison county, Indiana, 
and during the first seven years of his life resided in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky; then in Andrew county, Missouri; then in 
Tipton county, Tennessee, and back in 1849 to his native 
county, where he has continued to reside for the past thirty 
years 

His early life was spent in working on a farm in the summer 
time, and in attending the schools of his county during the 
winters and, having never had the opportunity of a coUegiafa ,^^ 



100 LEGISLATIVE. 

course of training, Mr. Cunningham may be styled a self- 
made man. He has made some headway in life's success, for 
it is no small honor to represent the commonwealth of Har- 
rison in the State's Asssembly. 

His quiet and unassuming nature forbids his becoming a 
noisy member like Billy Herod, '-the man without a bill," 
yet he is likely to become more than an average member in 
point of usefullness, by exercising good judgment in consid- 
ering all public measures. He is a staunch Democrat and was 
elected by the overwhelming majority of 66Q votes, and is 
now serving his first term in the Legislature. 

Mr. Cunningham, as will be seen, is just in the prime of 
life, and will undoubtedly make his mark "ere life's fitful 
fever is o'er." His postoffice address is Locust Point, Har- 
rison county. 



JOSEPH S. DAILY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM ADAMS AND WELLS, 

Was born in Wells county, Indiana, May 31st, 1844, where 
he has continued to reside ever since. His father's family 
formerly came from the State of New Jersey, and were 
among the pioneers of Eastern Indiana. 

The subject of this sketch obtained his literary education 
in the public schools of Blulfton, Indiana. He chose the 
profession of law, and was admitted to practice at the age of 
twenty-one. He graduated from the law department of the 
State University at Bloomington, Indiana, in February, 1866 
and immediately thereafter entered upon the practice 
of his profession at Bluffton, where he has been 
actively and successfully engaged ever since. He 
has held various offices of trust and profit. In 



LEGISLATIVE. 101 

1866 he was elected District Attorney for the Twentieth 
Judicial District. In 1868 he was elected Prosecuting Attor- 
ney for the Tenth Judicial Circuit, and was re-elected in 1870, 
and again in 1872. In 1874 he was elected Prosecuting At- 
torney for the Twenty-sixth Judicial Circuit. 

Mr. Daily is of Irish and German extraction, and a gentle- 
man of excellent physical and mental proportions. His j^er- 
severance, firm presence and superior ability as an advocate, 
have won for him marked success in his profession. He pos- 
sesses rare social qualities, which render him very popular 
throughout the counties of Northeastern Indiana, where he 
has practiced. 

He is representing the counties of Adams and Wells, and 
it is hardly necessary to add that he is a Democrat, true and 
tried. In every campaign his voice, time and means are used 
in furthering the success of his chosen party. His postoffice 
address is Bluffton. Wells county. 



LYCUEGUS DALTON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM LAWRENCE, 

Was born April 17th, 1845, in Owen county, Kentucky. 
He moved to Indiana and settled in Bedford, Lawrence 
county, in October, 1860, where he has continued to reside 
ever since. He has never cast a vote in anyplace other than 
Bedford. In 1872 and 1876 Mr. Dalton was the nominee of 
his party for clerk of his county, but was beaten each elec- 
tion by small majorities In 1875 he was more successful as 
candidate for State Librarian, being chosen by the General 
Assembly of the State. In the fall of 1878 he was nominated 
by acclamation as Represetative from Lawrence, one of the 
very strongholds of Eepublicanism in the State. His oppon- 



102 LEGISLATIVE. 

ent was Hon. George G. Dunn, one of the most popular men 
in the county, and the campaign was most hotly contested, 
resulting in trie election of Mr. Dalton. 

Eepresentative Dalton's maiden vote was cast in 1864 for 
Hon. Joseph E. McDonald for Governor, and he has never 
voted any other than the straight Democratic ticket, and 
like a faithful friend to his party never has failed to vote. 

Mr. Dalton is making an exemplary record as a legislator, 
having been the author of the bill repealing the railroad sub- 
sidiary act, and the six per cent, interest biJl which the House 
passed, and also the State loan bill, as well as the fee and 
salary bill, which passed the House. However, in justice to 
his well known liberality, we desire to say that the bill was 
very much changed after leaving his hands, still reducing 
the fees of the county and State officers really below what 
such officers are justly entitled to. 



JASPEE DAVIDSON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM GIBSON, 

Was born in Pike county, Indiana, October 13, 1838, of 
American ancestors. He only received an ordinary common 
school education, but so improved each shining hour, in imi- 
tation of the little busy bee, that in the course of human 
events he became a successful teacher in the schools of his 
county for seven years. Was always a farmer, following that 
avocation during the summer time and teaching school in 
winter. He moved to Gibson county in 1871, and was elected 
to the State Senate in 1874, and in 1878 the Democracy of 
old Gibson sent him, by "a large majority," to the other 
branch of the Legislature. His Democracy is of the most 



LEGISLATIVE. 103 

virulent type. He is one of the most successful fanners in 
the county, and a prominent member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, and although forty -one years of age has never 
darkened the door of a saloon or indulged in the noxious 
weed. Address the gentleman from G-ibson county, at Hazel- 
ton. 



JOSEPH DAVIS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM BOONE, 

Was born September 1, 1821, in Miami county, Ohio. Re 
moved to Indiana in 1836, and has resided here ever since. 
He is one among the pioneers passing through the humbler 
walks of life. He is a National in politics, a blacksmith by 
trade, and a preacher by profession. He is one of the very 
few men who j^ractice what they preach. He was elected to 
the present Legislature by a majority of four hundred and 
fifty votes, and has never served in any former political posi- 
tion, and never was even an applicant for a place. His post 
office address is Thorntown, Boone county. 



JOHN QUINCY DONNELL, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM DECATUR, 

Was born February 26, 1848, in the county he now represents, 
and has always been a resident of Indiana. His education 
was completed at Oberlin College, Ohio, entering the Fresh- 
mans class in 1866, and graduating with the same class in 
1870. He was admitted to practice law at the bar in his 
county in 1878 ; is a republican of abolition anlicedents, and 
was elected by a majority of 17 votes in a county that went 
democratic on the state ticket. Is now serving his first term 
as a member of the Legislature. 



104 LEGISLATIVE. 



ITHAMER H. DRAKE, M. D., ^ 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM RIPLEY, 

Was born in Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, September 4, 
1828. His father was a native of Pennsylvania, and moved 
to Warren county, Ohio, in 1792 when only six years of age. 
The mother of our sketch was born in Delaware and came 
with her parents to Lebanon, Ohio, in 1798, when but two 
years of age. 

The elder Drake was one of the strong men of the Miami 
Valley, a valient soldier under General Harrison, and for 
many years engaged in trade between Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
New Orleans, when steamboats were a curiosity. Dr. Drake 
was educated at the Lebanon Academy. Was principal of 
Pearl River Academy, Madison countj^. Mississippi, from 
1848 to 1850. He graduated at the Cleveland, Ohio, Medical 
College in the class of 1852-3, and located in Putnam county, 
in this State in May 185H. Was married in the following 
September to Miss ChristenaM. Morrison, of Cleveland, Ohio, 
and was soon in the largest practice of any physician in the 
county. He was elected president of the Putnam county 
Medical Society in 1855, and continued the practice of medi- 
cine until 1867, when he moved to Oberlin, Ohio, to educate 
his family. He soon built up a lucrative practice at Oberlin, 
but the climate was too severe for his family, and during the 
following year he located in Ripley county, Indiana, and 
again engaged in the active duties of his profession. He suc- 
ceeded General G. W. Russ, now Adjutant-General of Indiana, 
as School Examiner, and filled the position with entire satis- 
faction to his people. His post office address is at Delaware, 
Ripley county. 



LEGISLA^TIVE. 105 

HENEY DEOYEE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HUNTINGTON, 

Was born in Germany, Amt county, Sternburg Lippe Det- 
wold Protectorate, Prussia, on the 15th day of January, 
1815, and sailed from Bremen, Germany, on the 1st of May, 
1840, and landed at Baltimore, Md., on June 1st. He came 
west in 1841, and settled on a farm about five miles southeast 
of Fort Wayne, Ind., where he resided about five years. In 
1846 he removed to the city of Fort Wayne, and followed 
boating, as captain of a canal-boat on the Wabash and Erie 
canal. He was a Councilman for several years, and Presi- 
dent of the Fire Department of the city. In 1856 he moved 
to Huntington, Ind., and was elected Mayor of the city in 
1857, and township trustee in 1858 ; also elected township 
trustee in 1861-2, and again in 1866, and served as 
such until the spring of 1878, when he was nominated for 
Eepresentative and elected as such during the following fall. 
He is now giving his services to the State at large just as 
faithfully as he gave them to his township, city and county 
during previous years. Henry Drover, as a Eepresentative, 
is undoubtedly the right man in the right place and this fact 
the people of Huntington county have discovered. His post- 
office address is Huntington, Huntington county, where he is 
engaged in the manufacture spokes and bent wood work. 



DE. STANLEY W. EDWINS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MADISOU, 

Was born in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, on the 22nd 
day of February, 1836. His parents were of the old Hugenot 
stock and moved from South Caroline to Louisiana. The 



106 LEGISLATIVE. 

subject of our sketch left home when of a very tender age and 
settled in Tenncsee. Learning the trade of an ornamental 
painter, he acquired sufficient means to complete his educa- 
tion, and graduated in medicine. He resided in Tennesee 
until the breaking out of the rebellion when he came North 
and settled in Randolph county, Indiana, where he entered 
upon the practice of his profession. Here he remained until 
1863, when he received a commission as surgeon of the 124th 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and served with distinction as a 
medical officer until the close of the war. He removed to 
Madison county in 1865, and engaged himself assiduously in 
the practice of his profession, acquiring a reputation as an 
occulist and surgeon second to none in eastern Indiana. He 
has gained quite a competence by his practice and is among 
the weathiest physicians in eastern Indiana. 

In politics the Doctor is a strictly uncompromising Demo- 
crat, but is courteous and gentlemanly in his bearing toward 
his political opponents. 

He was elected in the fall of 1878, over Judge Winbern E. 
Pierce, a prominent lawyer of Anderson, by a majority of 
790 votes. His home is Franklin, Madison county. 



WILL E. ENGLISH, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARION AND SHELBY. 

The subject of this sketch is a native of Scott county, In- 
diana, moving to Indianapolis at an early age, where he has 
since resided. Mr. English has the honor of being the young- 
est member of the House of Eepresentatives, and of repre- 
senting the metropolitan district, the largest in the State, 
comprising over 31,000 voters. He comes of a family pro- 



LEGISLATIVE. 107 

minent in the political history of the State and of the Demo- 
cratic party, and is the third of his immediate family to hold 
a seat in the House of which he is a member. His grand- 
father served in both branches of the General Assembly al- 
together about twenty years, and as U. S. Marshall under 
President Buchanan, and his father, the Hon. Wm. H. Eng- 
lish, has long been one of Indiana's leading citizens, having 
held many important positions, among them Secretary of the 
Constitutional Convention, Speaker of the House of Kepre- 
sentatives, of Indiana, and member of Congress for eight 
years, during which time he became famous through the in- 
troduction of his celebrated "English bill," and is a man of 
national reputation. His son has inherited the family traits 
and although but twenty-six years of age at the time of his 
election, has already taken a high place in the councils of the 
Marion county Democracy. He began active participation 
in politics some years previous to his majority, and has been 
an officer in every organization of the Young Democracy of 
Indianapolis since the campaign of 1868, at which time he 
was President of a youthful campaign organization. Having 
acted as treasurer of the Young Men's Greeley Club of 1872, 
Vice-President and President of the Hendrick's Club for 
several years, President of the leading campaign club of In- 
dianapolis during the Tilden campaign, and at present Pre- 
sident of the well-known " Young Men's Democratic Club, of 
Indianapolis," a recognized power in local and State politics. 
Mr. English has for many years been a member of the De- 
mocratic City Central Committee of Indianapolis, and is at 
present holding the important position of Chairman of that 
Committee. He so ably conducted the affairs of the city 
campaign of the spring of 1878, which resulted in such bene 
fits to his party, that in recognition of his great ability as a 
political organizer and manager he shortly after was unani- 
mously chosen to the position of Chairman of the Marion 



108 LEGISLATIVE. 

County Committee and given the general management dur- 
ing the exciting State campaign of 1878. It was while hold- 
ing this important position that he was nominated by the 
Democrats of Marion and Shelby counties as their candidate 
for joint representative, over several able and talented com- 
petitors, one of them an ex-United States Senator. His can- 
vass was most thorough, and his race attracted general at- 
tention throughout the whole State, being one of the most 
brilliant on record, and although his district was carried by 
the Eepublican party two years before by a majority of nearly 
700, and at the time of his election, on the general ticket by 
over 200, Mr. English was triumphantly elected, leading his 
ticket nearly four hundred votes. Mr. English was promi- 
nently spoken of for the Speakership of the present House, 
but modestly refused to allow his name to be used, feeling 
that one of more years and greater experience than himself 
should be chosen. He is a young man of fine presence and 
of great personal popularity, a quick and ready debater and a 
clear and forcible speaker, whose future promises to be bril- 
liant and successful. 



THADDEUS SEYMOUK FANCHEE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM LAKE, 

Was born in Huron county, Ohio, in 1846. After being fully 
initiated into the practical workings of farming by indus- 
trious, energetic parents, attending school during the winter 
season and laboring on the farm during the balance of the 
year, at the early age of eighteen he entered Oberlin 
college, where he continued for several years, part of the 
time teaching, and working his way through as best he could, 
under unfavorable circumstances and with limited means, 



LEGISLATIVE. 109 

but an abundance of energy and determination. 

In 1868 he came west, located in Crown Point and com- 
menced the study of law. After reading law about three 
years, he entered the law class at the Michigan University 
and received his diploma in 1871. He returned immediately 
thereafter to Crown Point and for the first time unfurled to 
the world the all-important imaginary emblem of a 
young lawyer — his law sign — and commenced the ups 
and downs that a young lawyer has to contend with at the 
beginning of his practice of law. 

In 1873 he was elected Superintendent of the Schools of 
his county and held the office one term and was re-elected but 
resigned for the purpose of devoting his entire time to the 
practice of law. 

In 1878 he received almost the entire vote of the Eepubli- 
can convention, against several other candidates, and was 
elected Representative to the General Assembly by a corres- 
pondingly large majority, at the regular election following. 

Mr. Fancher is modest and unassuming in manner, but 
evinces excellent judgment and clear perception of the duties 
of the position to which he is called. He is but thirty-three 
years of age and is a credit to the county he represents and 
the citizens who elected him. 



CHESTER R. FAULKNER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM RIPLEY, RUSH AND DECATUR, 

Was born July 27, 1820, in Hamilton county, Ohio. When 
but seven years of age his parents moved to Dearborn, 
Indiana, where, as a farmer, he resided until 1860, when he 
moved to Ripley, Dearborn county. He was and still con- 
tinues to be " an old war horse " in Democracy, and fought 



110 LEGISLATIVE. 

many battles along with the Lanes, Dumonts, Slaters and 
other Democratic braves of those old classic hills. He is a 
farmer b}' occupation, and in politics a Democrat to the core. 
He has never been in the Legislature before his present term, 
and was elected by one hundred and thirty -four majority 
over Colonel J. H. Wolf, of Eushville, and has held the office 
of Township Trustee for one term. He was Deputy Sargent- 
at-Arms during the recent •' 8 to 7 fiasco," and assistant Door- 
keeper of the House of Eepresentatives in Congress. Though 
somewhat advanced in years Eepresentative Faulkner is as 
full of life and as wide awake as any one of his compeers in 
the House or elsewhere. His post-office address is Holton, 
Eipley county. 



OLIYEE E. FLEMINGS, 

REPRESEMTATIVE FROM ALLEN, 

Was born in the year 1851, in Fort Wayne, Indiana, at which 
place he received his early education, graduating Irom the 
free schools in 1868, with distinction, delivering the Latin 
salutatory for his class. At these schools he became proficient 
in both the sciences and classes, and in 1869 he entered the 
Military Institute, at Fairbault, Minn., for the purpose of 
completing his collegiate course. In this Institute he carried 
off the honors as an orator and ready debator, and was 
awarded a medal for his proficiency. 

Mr. Fleming, although endowed with a vigorous, active 
mind, is sadly afflicted in bodily health, and to avoid if possi- 
ble, his terrible enemy — dyspepsia, he went to California as a 
practical surveyor. In 1871 his health seemed fully restored, 
and he again entered College, this time at Princeton, l^ew 
Jersey, and after four years of hard study he again gradu- 
ated. Mr. Fleming has attracted considerable attention as a 
ready speaker and debator, and the Democrats of Mercer 



LEGISLATIVE. Ill 

county, New Jersey, recognizing this fact, invited him to 
assist them in the election of their candidate, Mr. Vanderbilt, 
to the Legislature. The election was close and hotly con- 
tested, and was undoubtedly successful only through the 
efforts of Mr. Fleming. He entered the law office of Coombs, 
Morris & Bell, of Fort Wayne, Indiana, was admitted 
to practice in 1877, and formed a co-partnership 
with Hermer C. Hartman, and immediately entered up- 
on a lucrative practice. His many good qualities combined 
to fit him for almost any office in the gift of the good people 
of old Allen, and they chose him as their Eepresentative to 
the General Assembly, his majority being three thousand four 
hundred and sixty-six. Just as he was entering upon the 
discharge of his duties, his old enemy, dyspepsia, again 
attacked him, and has probably disabled him from an active 
public life. In personal appaarance and manners. Mr. Flem- 
ing is all that a perfect gentlenaan could wish to be, and it is 
the hope of all that he may soon be able to resume his labors 
and by his works prove the bright promises of his past life. 
His address is at Fort Wayne. 



BEKNAED H. FLODDER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM TRANKLIN, 

Was born in Hamilton county, Ohio, July 15, 1847, of Ger- 
man parentage, and came to Indiana in the year 1867, set- 
tling at Oldenburg, where his father was running a woolen 
mill. After six years of successful business relations, the 
elder Flodder died, leaving Bernard to carry on the business, 
which he has done, with the assistance of a younger brother. 
Mr. Flodder has served as Trustee of Eay township, three 
terms ; as Clerk of the Oldenburg Corporation for five years, 



112 LEGISLATIVE. 

and is at present a member of the Town Council. He was 
elected by a majority of 1,300 votes, and is now serving his 
first term in the Legislature. 

In politics, Mr. Flodder is Democratic, as were his ances- 
tors for past generations. He is a quiet, unostentatious man 
exceedingly modest, and as a legislator is making a record 
that will be satisfactory to his constituents and of which he 
will be proud. His post-office address is at Oldenburg. 



AKTHUE D. GALBEAITH, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM BARTHOLOMEW AND BROWN, 

Was born October 31, 1840, in Bartholomew county, Indiana. 
His father was born in Hawkins county, East Tennessee, and 
served through the war of 1812, participating in several 
hard-fought battles against the Seminole Indians of Florida. 
He came to Indiana in 1833, and bought from the govern- 
ment the farm where the subject of our sketch now resides. 
Mr. Gailbraith inherited the true principles of Democracy, un- 
terated, from his father. He has been a farmer and stock- 
raiser all his life, and has prospered. His father lived to the 
good ripe old age of four score years, and it is to be hoped 
the son may also live long and continue to prosper. His 
post office address is at Hartsville, Bartholomew county. 



THOMAS J. GAEEOUTTE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM ST. JOSEPH AND MARSHALL, 

Was born in Washington county, Ohio, in 1823, and for years 
has been engaged in the cultivation of the soil. He emigrated 



LEGISLATIVE. 113 

to Indiana during 1830, and has resided nearly half a decade 
within her borders. His education in early life was liberal, 
and his mild and gentlemanly deportment marks him in his 
present relation, as a legislative worker of the cautious and 
honorable stripe. Although born and raised a farmer and in 
later years engaged in the mercantile line in the village of 
New Carlisle, his home, he fills his seat well, with the grace 
of contentment, and votes on all occasions as if born to the 
duty. As the Eepresentative of St. Joseph and Marshall 
counties, he has before him the duties of a well burdened 
public servant. We are confident, however, that he will fill 
the bill, and show himself competent for any emergency. 
His politics have always been Democratic, and his majority at 
the late election was 930. Address him at New Carlisle, Ind. 



HENEY GINZ, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM ST. JOSEPH, 

Was born at Alzey, Eheinhessen, Germany, February 6th, 
1830. He emigrated to America in 1854, and settled at 
Laporte, Laporte county, Indiana, where he followed his 
trade, that of a carpenter, until the year 1864, when he 
moved to Indianapolis, Lnd., and engaged in busines for five 
years. In 1869 he removed to South Bend, Ind , carrying on 
the grocery business for three years, at the expiration of 
which time he engaged in the milling business, and is at pres- 
ent manager of the well-known firm of Knoblock, Ginz & 
Co. Mr Ginz received his naturalization papers in 1856 and 
from that day to this has not ceased to vote the straight 
Democratic ticket, from '-A to Izzard." James Buchanan — 
not the "plan" of our day, but the old man from Wheatland — 
received his first vote for President. He was nominated 
8 



114 LEGISLATIVE. 

against his earnest desire, but reflects great credit in the way 
he attends to his duties as a Representative. His postoffice 
address is at South Bend, Ind. 



JOHN MASON GOLDEN, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM JEFFERSON, 

Was born in Pendleton county, Kentucky, March 20, 1846. 
Mr. Goldens parents are of English stock, and were raised in 
Kentucky, where he was born. The early part of his life 
was spent on his father's stock farm. By attending the pub- 
lic schools during the winters he obtained a fair English edu- 
cation. At the age of eighteen he commenced teaching in 
the public schools of his native county and proved to be a 
very efficient teacher. Subsequently', he received an Acad- 
emic education at the Independence Academy, in Kenton 
county, Kentucky, after which he commenced the study of 
law. His health failing during the prosecution of this study, 
he turned his attention to farming, hoping thereby to regain 
his health. Mr, G-olden removed to Jefferson county, Indi- 
ana, October 1, 1873, and has since resided in that county, 
where he has been actively engaged in teaching, employing 
his spare time in study of medicine. He is now giving his 
attention to the stud}' and practice of law, which he expects 
to follow as a profession. Mr. G-olden has filled the public 
positions of School Examiner of Kenton county, Ken- 
tucky, and Trustee of Eej)ublican township, Jefferson county, 
Indiana. 

Politically, Mr. Golden is a Republican, casting his first vote 
for Gen. Grant, for President of the United States. His ma- 
jority over his competitor for Representative was two hun- 
dred and ninety-five votes. Personally, he is a little above 



LEGISLATIVE. 115 

medium height, of slender build, symmetrical and graceful, 
olive complexion, with black eyes and beard and a broad full 
forehead, refined, courteous and well bred. 



JONATHAN W. GOEDON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARION, 

Was born August 13, 1820. His father, William Gordon, 
was an Irish laborer who emigrated to the United States in 
1790. and settled in Washington county, Pennsylvania, where 
August 18, 1795, he married Sarah Walton, a native of Vir- 
ginia, by whom he had fourteen children, of which the sub- 
ject of this notice was the thirteenth. The father migrated 
westward with his family in 1835, and settled in Eipley 
county, Indiana, where he resided until his death, January 
20, 1841. His wife survived him until May, 1857, when she 
too died. 

In the meantime Mr. Gordon married Catharine J. Over- 
turf, April 3, 1843, entered the practice of law in 1844, went 
to Mexico in 1846 as a volunteer in the Third Indiana Eegi- 
ment, lost his health, and upon his return studied medicine 
on account of hemorrhage of the lungs, received the degree 
of M. D. in 1851. He removed to Indianapolis in 1852, and 
resumed the practice of law. He was elected a member of 
the House of Eepresentative from Marion county in 1856 and 
1858, and during the latter term was twice chosen Speaker. 
In 1860 he joined the Ninth Indiana Volunteers in the rebel- 
lion and was promoted to the majorship of the Eleventh 
United States Infantry, in which capacity he served his 
country until 1864, He again began the practice of law in 



116 LECHSLATIVE. 

Indianapolis where he gained a fair reputation as a criminal 
lawyer. Major Gordon is one of the brilliant men of the 
West, and possessing, notwithstanding his fifty-eight years, 
all the vigor and mental strength of twenty years ago. He lost 
in the war his only son, and by death his beloved wife, who 
left him with three beautiful little daughters. The Major 
afterwards married Miss Julia Dumont, the daughter of the 
late General Dumont. The offspring of this marriage is one 
son. Personally Major Gordon is of commanding height, 
streight as an arrow, his hair is gray and in strange contrast 
with his piercing dark eye. He gives voice to many ajeu d' 
esprit in the legislative hall. 



AUGUSTUS C. HANDY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HANCOCK, 

Was born in Scott county, Kentucky, June 5, 1812, and ac- 
quired an education by his own industry. He emigrated to 
Indiana nearly fifty years ago, when a young man. Mr. 
Handy was engaged in the construction of the old State 
House, from its commencement until it was completed, when 
he removed t > Shelby count}', where he was twice elected to 
the House of Eepresentatives. After these two terms ex- 
pired, he was elected to the State Senate for four years, and 
was afterwards appointed by Governor Whitcomb, Marshal 
of the Sixth Congressional District, to collect and make 
returns of the vote for President and Vice President, but, 
having removed from the State, did not accept. He did not 
remain away long, however, but returned to Indiana in 1852, 
and settled in Hancock county. In 1870, he was elected 
Auditor of his county, and served in this office four 
years, and in 1878 was nominated by the Democratic party 
of that county for State Eepresentative, and was elected by 
the largest majority ever given in the county. 



LEGISLATIVE. 117 

Mr. Handy is an honest, true-hearted gentleman and a 
liberal minded Democrat. He has presented several import- 
ant bills during the session, and his experience as a public 
official renders him an intelligent and able advocate of good 
and wholesome laws. Integrity of purpose and honest prin- 
ciples have marked his career, and made of him a notable 
example of the office seeking the man rather than the man 
the office. 



NATHAN HAELAN, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM WAYNE. 

Was born in Wayne county, Indiana, in Franklin township, 
September 16, 1831. He has always resided in Wayne 
county; is a Eepublican, pure and simple, never having 
voted any other ticket in his life ; was Trustee of Franklin 
township for eight years, and has held several offices of honor. 
His occupation is merchandising. His religious belief is that 
the Bible is the only guide, to the exclusion of all creeds and 
confessions of faith. His personal appearance strikes one 
very favorably, he being about five feet ten inches in height, 
fair in complexion, with eyes of blue, and hair inclining a 
little to the sear and yellow period. He is rather heavy in 
build, weighs somewhere about two hundred pounds, and is 
exceedingly social in his disposition. Bethel, AYayne county, 
Indiana, is his post office. 



THOMAS HART, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARTIN AND DUBOIS, 

Was born in Kildare county, Ireland, on the 24th of June, 
1822, and came to America in 1840, settling in Washing- 
ton county, Indiana. His father was a farmer and raised 



118 LEGISLATIVE. 

the son to the same occupation. Mr. Hart worked as a hired 
man for three years, when he married and commenced farm- 
ing for himself. In 1848 he moved to Martin county and 
bought a farm of four hundred and eighty acres, upon which 
he now resides. In his early days, he received but a meagre 
education, such as the schools of those days afforded. He 
has held the office of Justice of the Peace for four years in 
Washington county. In Martin county he served as Com- 
missioner for nine years, and as Assessor and Land Appraiser 
for eight years. In 1878 he was elected as the Eepresenta" 
tive of Martin and Dubois counties by four thousand and 
three hundred majority. He has always been a Democrat 
and can be addreseed by mail at his postoffice, Shoals, Ind. 



WILLIAM WIET HEKOD, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARION, 

Was born at Columbus, Bartholomew county, Indiana, on the 
eighth day of February, 1835, and resided there until about 
the middle of April, 1875, when he moved with his family 
to the city of Indianapolis. His early life, to about 1859, 
was spent as a clerk or salesman in a general retail store. In 
1861 he graduated in law at the University of Louisville, 
Kentucky. His education, such as he has, was obtained in 
our old-fashioned country school. His father was William 
Herod, born and reared in Bourbon county, Kentucky, locat- 
ing at Columbus in 1824, from where he was twice elected to 
Congress and frequently to the Legislature of the State. 

The subject of this sketch was the Eepublican candidate 
for State Senator in 1866, but was beaten by Hon. T. G-. 
Lee; was the Republican candidate for Congress in 1872 
from the old Third District, and was beaten by Hon. W. S. 
Holman. 



LEGISLATIVE. 119 

"Billy," as he was familiarly called, was raised a Whig, 
but never voted the ticket, as the disruption of the party 
occurred just as he attained his twenty-first 3^ear, and he 
heartily espoused the Republican cause, casting his first vote 
for General Fremont. 

As a legislator, especiallj^ as one serving his first term. 
Representative Herod has already made a record second to 
no member in the present or any former body in this State. 
During the canvass, Billy intimated that he would be the 
" man without a bill " in the House, but upon the first call of 
counties Mr. Herod hurled thirteen bills upon the Clerk's 
table, and is now the author of twenty-nine altogether. He 
is a man who relies wholly upon his own resources, is cool, 
calm, but exceedingly plucky, and never waits for his enemy 
to surround him. He is a ready and fluent speaker, and 
being fair, positive and earnest, bids fair to be one of the 
leading spirits -in the House. Being but forty-four years of 
age, it is not to be presumed that either his ambition or 
career will end in this State He is above par socially, and 
his geniality is knowh the State over. 



ALEXAl^DER HESS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM WABASH AND HUNTINGTON, 

Was born in Richland county, Ohio, September 10, 1833. 
His father was a native of Germany, but his mother was of 
American birth. He removed to Wabash, Ind., in 1849. 
Received a common school education and followed school 
teaching prior to the breaking out of the war of the rebel- 
lion. He served three months as a private in Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, re-enlisting 
for three years on September 12, 1861, in Company F, Second 
Indiana Cavalry, in which regiment he served as Orderly 



120 LEGISLATIVE. 

Sergeant until April 15, 1862, when he was promoted to the 
position of First Lieutenant of his company. On March 8, 
1863, he was promoted to the Captaincy of his company, in 
which capacity he served until he was mustered out with his 
regiment in October, 1864. 

He then studied law, and commenced its practice January 
18, 1866. He was elected in 1870 Prosecuting Attorney for 
the Eleventh Circuit, composed of the counties of Carroll, 
Cass, Miami and Wabash, and by reason of his efficiency and 
popularity, was re-elected in 1872. He is at present engaged 
in the practice of law at Wabash, Ind. In politics he is Ee- 
publican. 



JOHN STEWAET HOPKINS, 

REPRESENTATIVE PROM VANDERBURG, 

Was born October 8th, 1811, in Oswego county, JSTew York, 
where he spent the first nine years of his life. In 1820 he 
came West with his father's family and has resided for the 
past fifty-eight years continuously in the county of Yander- 
burg, having been elected Eepresentative by about three hun- 
dred majority. Mr. Hopkins is a merchant and banker at 
Evansville, and has filled the offices of Mayor of the city and 
member of the Common Council. At present he is the Pre- 
sident of the First IS'ational Bank, and also of the Evansville, 
Cairo and Memphis Steam Packet Company. Has also 
served his constituency as a member of the Legislatures of 1861 
and 1867. 

Politically Mr. Hoj^kins is now and has been since the 
birth of the party, a Eepublican. Personally he is a good 
specimen of the fine old gentlemen we love to read about, 
and during his boyhood and early life must have been very 
handsome. His post office address is Evansville. 



LEGISLATIVE. 121 



JACKSON HOSMEE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM LAPORTE, 

Was born September 30, 1818, in Wayne county, Pennsyl- 
vania. His boyhood was spent on a farm, as was his father's 
before him, and his education was only such as the common 
schools of his day afforded. In the winter of 1838 he came 
to Laporte county, Indiana, and immediately applied himself 
to learning young ideas how to shoot, although he still con- 
tinues to be a practical and an A No. 1 farmer. From 1852 
to 1855 he was County Commissioner, and with one other ex- 
ception has never held any official position. In politics, he 
was 02:)posed to the war of 1861, and has consistently opposed 
the National Administrations ever since. He served so faith- 
fully during the regular and special sessions of 1876 and 1877 
in the House, that his calling and election was assured in the 
fall of 1878. Mr. Hosmer is quite a pleasant gentleman 
socially ; is the youngest of five brothers, married and has 
three children of his own. In personal appearance he is 
light complexioned, and of medium height. His father died 
in LaPorte in 1838, and his mother lived to see four score 
years pass over her head. Post office address of Eepresenta- 
tive Hosmer is at Westville, Indiana. 



CHAELBS S. HUBBAED, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HENRY, 

Was born in Milton, Wayne county, Indiana, September 1, 
1829. In 1839 his father moved to Henry county, and settled 
near Knightstown, at which place the Honorable Eepresenta- 
tive now resides. He having been born with the loss of his 
right hand, his educational advantages were probably looked 
after more keenly than if he had been blessed with two good 



122 LEGISLATIVE. 

hands. In early life he taught school, and soon after his ma- 
jority, he engaged in gen'^ral merchandising with his father, 
and has ever since been an active and successful merchant- 
In 1864, when the Soldiers' Orphan Home was established by 
the Legislature, Mr. Hubbard was elected one of the Trus- 
tees. He is a member of the "Society of Friends," and is 
actively interested in the work of education, temperance and 
Sabbath Schools. This is his second term as Eopresentative 
from Henry county. In politics he has been a Republican 
since the birth of the party, and in fact helped to build the 
grand old party. His post office address is Knightstown, 
Henry county, Indiana. 



ANDEEW HUMPHEEYS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM GREENE, 

Was born March 30, 1821, in Andrews county, Tennessee, 
He moved to Indiana in 1827, and resided for a season in Put- 
nam county, then removed to Linton, Greene county, where he 
now resides. He received a good common school education, 
the best that could be had at that time without the expendi- 
ture of a small fortune. Eepresentative Humphreys has 
always been an ardent Democrat, and in times of great political 
excitement violently so. He is a man of strong convictions, 
and resolute to assert the principles he conceives to be right. 
At a very early age he was elected constable of Putnam 
county, then Justice of the Peace. In 1849 Mr. Humphreys 
was elected to the Legislature and was kept continously there 
for the ensuing eight years in one branch or the other. 

In 1859 he received an appointment as Indian Agent 
of Utah under President Buchanan, serving for three years, 
when he resigned the position and returned to Indiana. Al- 
together he has been a member of the Legislature for fifteen 



LEGISLATIVE. 11 3 

sessions, and served the unexpired term of Uncle Jimmy 
Williams in Congress. 

This long experience in State legislation, along with his 
brief term in Congress, gives himagreat advantage over, per- 
haps any other member of the Legislature. This experience 
is his stronghold, and his personal independence enables him 
to do good work in all legitimate lines, and to check also the 
adoption of impolitic laws. 

In personal appearance Mr. Humphreys is a fair looking 
old gentleman, well preserved in body, and looks as if he 
was destined to be a cetenarian. The address of Mr. Hum- 
phreys is at Linton, Ind. « 



GUSTAYE HUTHSTEINER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM PERRY. 

Mr. Huthsteiner is a native of Siegen, Prussia, where he 
was born April 17, 1844, but might be almost termed an 
American, since with his parents he came to Cincinnati, Ohio 
when only three years of age. In that city he was raised, 
educated in the free schools, and graduated with high honors 
at the Woodward High School, of Cincinnati, in June, 1861. 
He then commenced teaching in the public schools, but his 
adopted country needing his services he turned away from 
the schoolmaster's desk and entered the army as a private in 
the Fifth Ohio Cavalry. Eeturning afterward to the peace- 
ful vocation he again pursued the profession of teaching for 
a while. In 1864 Mr. Huthsteiner removed to Tell City, Ind. 
where he became a prominent and influential citizen. He 
was elected Treasurer of Perry county for two successive 
terms Organized the National bank in Tell City and 
was for three years cashier of the same. The bank was then 



124 LEGISLATIVE. 

converted into a private bank of which he is now the man- 
ager. 

Mr. Huthsteiner is married and has several little ones. He 
believes in the right of woman to enter into any field of labor 
of which she is capable, and 3Irs. Huthsteiner therefore fills 
the responsible position of cashier of the bank, and during 
her husband's absence assumes its entire superintendence. 
Mr. Huthsteiner is also closely connected with the large man- 
ufacturing interests of Tell City. He is a liberal minded 
gentleman and a Democrat of the progressive order. Per- 
sonally rather below the medium stature, he bears the dis- 
tinguishing marks of ctiltivation and refinement; he has brown 
hair inclined to curl, a large expressive gray eye, clear com- 
plexion, broad brow and finely formed head, a genial and in- 
telligent man who watches faithfully the best interests of his 
constituents. 



ARCHIBALD JOHNSON, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM PARKE AND MONTGOMERY, 

Was born August 28, 1810, in Wilkes county, North Caro- 
lina, and moved to Indiana in the year 1818, when the State 
was, comparatively speaking, " a howling wilderness." His 
schooling, taken altogether, would not aggregate twelve, 
months' time — part of which was in the very poorest kind 
of schools in North Carolina, and the balance in Putnam 
county, in her earliest day. His life oocupation has been that 
of farming, but at present he is an extensive stock raiser, as 
well as carrying on his farm. He has held numerous politi- 
cal offices He was twice elected Sheriff of Putnam county, 
holding the office from 181:4 to 1848 ; elected to the Legis- 
lature in 1848 and 1852 to represent Putnam county in the 
Lower House, and represented the county in the Senate in 
1856, and Putnam and Clay counties in the Senate in 1860, 



LEGISLATIVE. 125 

He moved to Montgomery county during 1865 and was 
elected to the Senate in 1868, from that county, and again 
was elected in 1878 for Montgomery and Parke counties by a 
majority of 558 votes. He has served in the Lower House 
four sessions, or eight yeas, and in the Senate six regular and 
three special sessions, or twelve years in the Senate, making 
twenty years in the Legislature of Indiana. He has made 
eleven canvasses for office, and nine of the eleven were suc- 
cessful ones. 

Prior to 1874, Mr. Johnson was a Democrat of the Jack- 
sonian school, but times have changed and Mr. Johnson's 
politics are now simon pure National Greenback. He is one 
of the foremost men of his party tc-day, and his advice is 
sought upon all principal moves by the leaders of the new 
party. His post office address is Darlington, Montgomery 
county, Ind. 



EOBEET KELLEY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM PARKE, 

Was born in Miami county, Ohio, in 1819, and has lived in 
this State, in all, about forty years. Politically, Mr. Kelley 
was an Administration Whig, then a Eepublican, and after 
the war he published for a period of eight years a Eepublican 
newspaper, in southwest Missouri, and was one of the lead- 
ing politicians of that State, being chosen delegate for the 
State at large to the National Convention which nominated 
Gren. G-rant for the second term. Mr. Kelley has always 
taken an active part in politics in his county, and never voted 
a scratched or mixed ticket in his life. He has the most un- 
bounded confidence of his political friends, who are always 
sure his vote will be on the right side. Mr. Kelley was elected 
by four hundred and ninety-nine majority, and is serving his 
first term. He is a strict temperance man, holding very de 
cided views, and is a farmer by occupation. His post office 
address is Bloomingdale, Ind. 



126 LEGISLATIVE. 



ISAAC N. KESTEE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM VWO, , 

Was born November 2, 1832, in Spencer county, Kentucky. 
Mr. Kester was the oldest of seven sons. His father was poor 
and unhealthy, and died when the eldest son was but twelve 
years of age, leaving him to manage the farm and care for 
the large family. He was equal to the emergenc}^, but it left 
him little or no time to devote to educating himself During 
the winter months he went to school but little and very irreg- 
ularly, consequently his education was limited. The family 
moved to Indiana in the fall of 1853, and settled in Vigo 
county, where they have continued to reside ever since. Mr. 
Kester was married January 26th. 1861, and is the father of 
five little motherless children, which he is trying to educate 
and prepare for the battles of life. Politically, he was raised 
a Whig, but never voted the ticket, and upon the death of 
that party, he found a loving, congenial mother in the Demo- 
cratic party. Has often been solicted, but never was a candi- 
date for office until elected in October, 1878. His post office 
address is Pimento, Vigo county, Ind. 



THOMAS M. KIEKPATEICK, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HOWARD, 

Who is a native of Ohio, was born May 2, 1820. He emi- 
grated to Indiana in 1834 and for fifty years has resided in 
this State. He lived on the line of Montgomery and Tippe- 
canoe counties until 1843, at which time he removed to the 
"Miami Eeserve," as that section of the State was then desig- 
nated. Previous to removal he married Miss M J. Baldwin, 
who resided west of Crawfordsville. Mr. Kirkpatrick hag 



LEaiSLATIVE. 127 

followed the occupation of a farmer, living on the same farm 
for thirty-five years, which is located two miles west of 
Kokomo. 

Mr. Kirkpatrick, as his name indicates, is of Scottish de- 
scent. He is a liberal-minded Eepublican, alwajs ready to 
do his full share in whatever may result in the good of the 
State or nation. During the war of the rebellion he served 
in the Thirteenth Kegiment Indiana Volunteers and partici- 
pating in the trials and dangers of the campaign. Mr. Kirk- 
patrick has been often called to positions of trust and honor, 
having served as Justice of the Peace lor six years. He was 
elected Sheriff of Howard county, serving two years ; was 
County Commissioner for two years, and acted as Township 
Trustee for three terms. He is now filling his seat in the 
legislative Assembly for the third term, making six years he 
has taken part in framing the laws of the State. He is a 
well-built man, weighing about 225 pounds and is a perfect 
type of physical health, and temperate in all things. 



CHAELES O. LEHMAN, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM JOHNSON, 

Was born in Ehenish, Bavaria, on the 23rd of December, 
1840, and emigrated to America in 1854, settling in Indiana 
in the year I860, He is a Democrat in politics, and a mer- 
chant and manufacturer by occupation. Mr. Lehman is the 
junior member of the firm of Dalmbert, Sergeant & Co., of 
the Saxony Woolen Mills, Columbus, Indiana. He served as 
a member of the last House and was re-elected to the present 
Legislature by a majority of twenty-eight votes. Mr. Leh- 
man is physically inclined to be as good looking as he is mod- 
est and unassuming. He is about five feet seven inches in 



128 LEGISLATIVE. 

height, rather slender in contour and weighs in the neighbor- 
hood of 175 lbs. His complexion is a little dark, and with 
his jet black hair and eyes and his j^olished manners he is 
admired and respected by all his co -laborers. Edinburgh, 
Johnson county, is his post office address. 



THOMAS J. LINDLEY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HAMILTON, 

Was born October 7, 1843, near Westfield, Hamilton county, 
Indiana, of Quaker parents. He was raised upon a farm, 
receiving the benefit of a common school education. At the 
outbreak of the late war, Mr. Lindley was a student at 
Adrian College, Michigan. Leaving his studies he enlisted 
in Company H, Fifty-Seventh Eegiment Indiana Volunteers, 
from which regiment he was discharged after nearly two 
years service. He re-enlisted in Comj^any B, One Hundred 
and Thirty-Sixth Indiana Eegiment, serving the full term 
for w^hich the regiment enlisted ; and again entering the ser- 
vice as a private in Company Gr, One Hundred and Forty- 
Seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and receiving a com- 
mission as First Lieutenant before his term of service had 
expired. 

Eeturning again to civil life he engaged in agricultural 
pursuits, on the farm on which he was born. In 1867, he 
married one of Henry county's most accomplished daughters. 
Miss Harriet J. Blair. At the age of twenty-four he served 
a term as Sheriff of his county, and again turned his atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits. In 1878 he was elected to the 
present Legislature over the Hon. James A. McCullen, the 
Democratic, Independent, Greenback, Fiat candidate. 

Mr. Lindley has always been a Eepublican, and in favor 



LEGISLATIVE. 129 

of specie resumption, a protective tariff, and the perpetuity 
of the American Union. He is a member of the M. E. 
Church. His post office address is Westfield, Hamilton 
county. 



NOAH J. MAJOE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MORGAN, 

Was born August 14, 1823, in Brookville, Ind. His parents 
and grand-parents were natives of Pennsylvania. In 1832 
Wm. A Major moved to a farm near Martinsville, Ind., and there 
the subject of this sketch has continued to reside ever since, 
ranking among the best farmers and stock-raisers of Morgan 
county. His education was extra good for that day. He has 
been an elder and minister in the Christian Church for 
twenty-five years, rendering such services to the Church as 
time and opportunity would admit of, without any pecuniary 
compensation whatever. He takes rank among the strongest 
and most consistent temperance men, denouncing in unmeas- 
ured terms the common practice of using intoxicating drinks 
in election canvasses. He is opposed to secret societies, 
especially in politics. He was a Whig in politics, casting his 
maiden vote for Henry Clay. Always an anti-slavery man, 
he joined the Eepublican party at the breaking out of the 
war. He was elected a Representative in 1864, over Alfred 
Ennis, the Democratic nominee. 

In 1870 he received the nomination of a part of the Eepub- 
lican party of his county, and by aid of an almost solid Dem- 
ocratic vote, was elected. After the passage of the resump- 
tion act, he formally withdrew from the Eepublican party. 
Ln 1876 he was again a candidate upon the Indejiendent ticket, 
against Major C W. Grubbs, Eepublican. and James M. 
Stafford, Democrat; Major G-rubbs being elected by a plural- 
9 



130 LEGISLATIVE. 

ity vote. In 1878 he was triumphantly elected over Colonel 
James H. Jordan, the very able and popular Eepublican 
nominee. He is not, strictly speaking, a "party man" in the 
common acceptance of the term, but does just what he re- 
gards as right, just and proper. His post office address is at 
Martinsville. 



WAIjTEE MAECH, 
representative from delaware, 
Was born in the year 1814, in Worcester county, Massachu- 
setts, of English stock, his parents arriving in this country 
fifteen years alter the celebrated Mayflower landed. Judge 
March located in Indiana in 1841, and has alwaj s resided in 
Delaware countj^ He is a lawyer by profession, and has at- 
tained great distinction in the practice of his profession. In 
1854 Judge March severed his connection with the Demo- 
cratic party, and united with the Union or Eepublican party. 
He has recently experienced a slight change of heart, politi- 
cally, and holds that party should be an instrument, not an 
end. He is in favor of a low rate of interest, if any law on 
the subject is passed; of a liberal exemption; of prompt and 
efficient collection laws to operate upon all property not 
covered by the exemption laws; of a just and equitable fee and 
salary bill for all public servants; and has great faith in the 
destiny of the Eepublic. Was a member of the State Senate 
from 1856 to 1864, and a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention, and of the Commission to revise the code of pleading 
and practice; has also served his county as Judge of the 
Common Pleas Court. Judge March is making a splendid 
record as a Legislator in the interests of the people, who will 
no doubt in future honor themselves by honoring him with 
their suffrage. His post office address is Muncie. 



LEGISLATIVE. 131 



JACOB W. MBSSICK, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM VANDERBURGH, 

Was born in 1830. in Hamilton, Ohio, and when but eight 
years of age movtd to Indiana, settling in Madison, where 
he was educated at the city schools. When fifteen years of 
age, he took service with Crawford & Lewis, founders, at 
Madison, and under their tutelage learned the trade of an 
iron moulder. He has continued in the foundry business ever 
ince learning his trade. In 1854 he removed to Evansville, 
and has had charge of the City Foundry there for twenty 
years, excepting the three and a half years spent in the army. 
He enlisted as a private, was made a non-comnaissioned 
officer, afterwards promoted to a Second-Lieutenancy, and 
when mustered out of service was Captain of his company, 
in the Forty-second Indiana Eegiraent. He spent several 
months in the celebrated and notorious Libby Prison, in com- 
pany with Colonel Streight, now Senator from Marion county. 
He has always been an ardent Eepublican, and was elected to 
his present seat by 285 majority. This is his first term as a 
legislator, and he has never held any other official position. 
He is a married man, and his post office address is at Evans- 
ville. 



JROBEET W. MIEES, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MONROE, 

Was born on his father's farm in Decatur county, this State 
June 27, 1818, where he continued to reside with his parents 
till the fall of 1867, when he entered the Preparatory Depart- 
ment of the State University. He made the most of his op- 
portunities, and graduated with honor irom the Literary 



132 LEGISLATIVE. 

Department in 1870. He immediately entered the Law De- 
partment, fromwliich he graduated in 1871, and immediately 
secured a co-partnership with bis former instructor, Hon. D. 
E. Eckles. He received tbe Democratic nomination for 
Prosecuting Attorney for the Tenth Judicial Circuit in 1874? 
and notwithstanding the circuit was reliably Eepublican, he 
received the election, and was re-elected in 1876. The import- 
ance attached to the present Legislature was recognized by 
all parties, and their best men put forth, Mr. Miers re- 
ceived the nomination of his party, and although the race 
was an extremely doubtful one, he accepted the nomination 
at a great pecuniary sacrifice to himself, and vigorously en- 
tered the canvass. That his selection was a fortunate one for 
his party is evidenced by the fact that he was not only tri- 
umphantly elected, but the entire State ticket received a ma- 
jority in his county, for the first time in many years. 

Mr. Miers is one of the noblest specimens of perfect man- 
hood on the Legislature hall: large and handsomely framed, 
his face beams with intellect, and the generous expression of 
the liberal minded gentleman. He is deservedly popular, ex- 
ceedingly well spoken, and is an active worker on important 
committees. The future has for him the promise of a proud 
career, and his constituents will no doubt place him in a yet 
more honorable position. 



SAMUEL H. MITCHELL, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM WASHINGTON, 

Was born July 7th, 1846, in Washington county, Indiana. 
His father was a native of old Kentucky, and his mother of 
North Carolina. The first sixteen jears of his life were 
spent on a farm, when he was apprenticed to learn carpen- 
tering, which he did in five years, attending the common 



LEGISLATIVE. 133 

schools during the winter. He worked during Saturdays, 
holidays, and his leisuee hours out of school for his board. 
In 1867-68 he taught school, and in 1869 removed to Mis- 
souri, where he lived about three years, teaching school and 
running a saw mill, in order to get means to give himself a 
better education. He graduated at the Indiana State Univer- 
sity, June 18th, 1877, and has spent the most of the last 
eleven years in teaching school. He is a devout believer in 
the Christian religion, and is a member and minister of the 
Christian Church. His motto through life has been -'Be true 
to self aad prove false to no man." 

His father was a Jeffersonian Democrat, and Kepresentative 
Mitchell's blood runs in the same political channel. His 
political belief is, " that Democracy is, and always has been, 
a true friend to the mass of the people." His post office 
address is at Beck's Mills, Washington county. 



J. SHANNON NAYE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM FOUNTAIN, 

Was born in the year 1850, in Fountain county, Indiana, on 
the celebrated Coal creek. He was educated at the State 
University at Bloomington, Ind., and graduated in law, from 
the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. His early life 
was spent on a farm. He is a single man, of fine personal 
appearance, has black hair and eyes, and mustaches to match. 
In politics Mr. Nave has been a Democrat at all times, in 
all places and under all circumstances, and he is not ashamed 
of it either. True to his party in times that have tried the 
true Democratic soul, when the time of success has again 
arrived, it was fit and proper that Mr. Nave should be selected 
to represent the Democracy of Fountain in the halls of the 
State House. He was elected by 115 majority and receives 
his mail at Attica. 



134 LEGISLATIVE. 



J. D. OSBOEN, 

REPRESENTATIVE^FROM ELKHART AND NOBLE, 

Was born Jn 1830. In 1839 his father moved from Steuben 
county, New York, to St JosejDh county, Michigan, and 
resided there until 1850. He then went to California by the 
overland route. There being no Pullman Palace coaches on 
that line just at that period, his journey was quite an under- 
taking. He remained in the far west for seven years, when 
he returned to the states'and settled in Groshen, Indiana, and 
has continued to reside there ever since. Mr. Osborn's edu- 
cational opportunities in boyhood were confined to the com- 
mon schools of the state, but he demonstrated the fact that 
the system of common schools in Indiana are capable of giv- 
ing a good education to those who will apply themselves 
assiduously, they having brains to begin with. Learning 
the law, and proceeding to practice his profession, Mr. Osborn 
was called upon to don the ermine of Judgeship of the Circuit 
Court, and discharged his official duties to the satisfaction of 
all concerned. He was editor of the Goshen Democrat for 
nearly four years, and also edited the South Bend Union for 
two years. He is a Democrat in politics. Goshen is his 
address. 



JAMES OSBOEN, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM VERMILLION, 

Was born in 1838, in the county he now represents, and has 
spent his entire life-time within its borders. His education 
was very limited, in fact those were pioneer days and even log 
school houses were few and far between, and the one in which 
the subject of our sketch learned his abs, ebs, ibs, etc., was 



LEGISLATIVE. 135 

among the first built in the settlement of this part of the 
country. His only ^-collegiate course" was for four months 
in a second-handed or "grade school"' of those days. Farm- 
ing was the rule in those days and everybody got along in 
harmony and there was no need of lawyers and newspaper- 
editors and reporters and other disturbers of the public peace, 
hence Mr. Osborn chose the quiet, independent life of a 
farmer. In 1874 he was elected Treasurer of his county and 
served one term and held no other office until called to serve 
as a legislator. His post offiee address is Hillsdale. 



JOHN OVERM.YEE 



Was born November 18, 1844, in Pickaway county, Ohio. 
He was brought by his father to Indiana when he was but 
four years of age, and has always resided in this State. In 
1867 he graduated at Asbury University, at Grreencastle, Ind., 
having completed the regular classical course of study. 

In 1868 he was elected to the Legislature from Jennings 
county, and has always taken an active part in politics, serv- 
ing as Chairman in county committees, and as a member of 
the State Central Committee. In 1872 and 1873, he was 
Eeading Clerk in the Senate, and in 1875 principal Secretary 
of the Senate. In 1876 he was again elected to the Legisla- 
lature from Jennings county, and was chosen Speaker of the 
House in 1877. In 1878 he was again elected to the Legis- 
lature. 

Mr. Overmeyer is a lawyer by profession and a staunch Ee- 
publican in politics. His post office address is at North Ver- 
non. 



136 LEGISLATIVE. 

AKNET R. OWEN, 

REPRENTATIVE FROM WARREN, 

Was born February 13, 1853, at Bloomington, Ind., and has 
always lived in Hoosierdom, with the exception of two years 
at Danville, 111. He was placed in school when but five years 
of age, and remained there until fourteen years old when, by 
the death of bis father, he was left an orphan, his mother 
having died when he was an infant. He was offered a cadet- 
ship at West Point, but preferred to accept his brother's in- 
vitation to live with him at Oxford, Ind., and read law after 
he should become of age. 

After working in the Tribune office for two years, he again 
entered school, where he remained until 1871, when the 
Christian Church at Oxford emj^loyed him to succeed his 
brother, their pastor. He was thus engaged for two years, 
when he received a call from Danville, 111. He removed there, 
and was pastor of the Christian Church until the spring of 
1876, when he came to Williamsport, Ind., and entered upon 
the practice of law. He was thus occupied when elected to 
his present position, his majority being about 500. He 
attained considerable notoriety during the campaign as a 
stump speaker. 

Mr. Owen is one of the youngest members on the floor, is 
of medium size, and of prepossessing appearance. He has a 
bright dark eye, and light brown hair ; is clear and forcible 
in speech, and possessed of excellent command of language. 
His post office address is Williamsport. 



DR. WILLIAM PERRY, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM FULTON, PULASKI, AND STARKE, 

Was born September 28, 1837, in Greene county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and moved to Indiana and settled in Cass county, in 



LEGISLATIVE. 137 

1852. His parents were both American born. Young Perry 
only enjoyed such educational facilities as the village schools 
of those days afforded. He served his time — seven years — 
at the stonemason and bricklaying trade, and at the age of 
twenty-two he concluded he was cut out for an M. D , and so 
he began to read medicine. There were many ups and downs 
during this part of the Doctor's life, and he met with many 
discouragements, as he was without means of support while 
pursuing his studies. He worked for Dr. Thos. Crook, brother 
of the General, in Cass county, and studied nights and odd 
days, until the breaking out of the war, when he enlisted as a 
private in Company G., 73rd Eegiment, Indiana Infantry, 
for three years. He was with Col. Streight when on a raid 
into the enemies lines, and was captured near Eome, Georgia. 
After remaining a prisoner some time, he was exchanged and 
sent north, and when the "cruel war was over" he moved to 
Starke county, and entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion, and has continued to reside there since 1866. In poli- 
tics the Doctor is a staunch Democrat, one not ashamed to 
stand up before the world and avowtheprinciples of his party 
through good and through evil report. His post office address 
is North Judson, Starke county. 



GEORGE IRVING REED, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HOWARD AND MIAMI. 

The above named gentleman, who resides in Peru, and 
who is editor of the Peru Republican, was born December 
14th, 1838, in Cass county, Indiana. Reared on a farm from 
the age of seventeen to twenty-five years, he tanght country 
school in winter to raise money to pay expenses incurred by 
attending school during spring and fall. Worked in the bar- 



138 LEGISLATIVE. 

vest field each summer and also assisted in sowing a crop of 
wheat each year. Attended school in the old Eel Eiver Sem- 
inary at Logansport. Also attended select schools elsewhere. 
Took a classical course and graduated from Union Christian 
College, June 1866. Went to Peru immediately. Was em- 
ployed one year as superintendent of graded school in that 
city ; afterwards held the office of school examiner in Miami 
county three years, and performed the duties in addition to 
conducting the Peru Eepublican, of which he became a pro- 
prietor in 1868. Held no other position but that of Presi- 
dent of the School Board of the city of Peru. 

That Mr. Eeed is interested in educational matters is made 
apparent by the determination with which he prosecuted his 
studies and acquired for himself an education and the assis- 
tance he has rendered to others seeking to attain the same 
object. For twelve years he has edited and conducted a 
paper devoted to the interests of his county, and it is but just 
that the people of his district should recognize by his election 
the service he has rendered. The pen is the great civilizer 
of the w^orld — the best defender of human rights and human 
liberty. Mr. Reed is only forty-one years of age, yet his 
hair and beard are quite gray, although his face and clear 
blue eye deny the asservation that he belongs to the antedi- 
luvian era. 



ELIHUE EEICHELDEEFEE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM ALLEN, 

Was born in 1843, in Pickaway county, Ohio. His parents, 
as the name would indicate, were of German origin, bat had 
resided for some years prior to the birth of the subject of 
our sketch in the State of Ohio. He received a limited educa- 
tion, and in 1861 he moved to Indiana and engaged as a mer- 



LEGISLATIVE. 139 

chant in the village of Marysville, Clarke county. He served 
for three years in the 30th Kegt. Ind. Yol. as a private. The 
county of Allen, which he at present represents, is the second 
county in the State in population, as well as political influ- 
ence, and we may add is making rapid strides towards a first- 
class ascendancy. The vigorous devotion to the interests of 
his constituents which Mr. Reichelderfer evinces, together 
with his strict adherence to everything he deems Democratic 
makes him formidable as a Eepresentative, and influential as 
a man. He is never afraid of consequences when he thinks 
he is right. He is about six feet in height, and weighs per- 
haps two hundred pounds, of light complexion, with gray 
eyes, black hair and light mustache, making him prepossess- 
ing in appearance. Monroeville, Ind., is his post ofiice. 



ED EOBESON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM TIPPECANOE, 

Is a Hoosier to the "manor born," having lived his entire 
lifetime in Tippecanoe county, his birth place in 1839. Ed 
is not one of "them dam literary fellows," as old Simeon Cam- 
eron would say, but having had a good common school edu- 
cation, he applied himself to business and now ranks among 
the sharpest and shrewdest men of his county. In 1836 his 
father established a woolen mill at Dayton, Indiana, and this 
is now managed by the subject of our sketch. 

In personal appearance, Mr. Eobinson is far above the ave- 
rage — in fact, is very handsome, and as modest and unassum- 
ing as he is good looking. Several Indianapolis fair belles 
"honed" after him until the secret became known that he was 
a married man. Mr. Eobeson is a square toed Republican, 
and can be reached by mail at Dayton. 



140 LEGISLATIVE. 



JAMES M. EODMAN. 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM BENTON AND NEWTON, 

Was born March 10, 1842, in Shelby county, 111. He moved 
with his parents to Parke county. Ind., when but five years old, 
where he resided until the breaking out of the late rebellion. 
Enlisting in 1861. at the age of nineteen, for three years or 
during the war, in the Twenty -first Eegiment or First In- 
diana Heavy Artillery, passing through the many dangerous 
scenes unharmed, to be finall}^ attacked with typhoid fever 
so prevalent in the marshy districts about Brashear City, La. 
He but partially recovered from this attack, and so disabled 
was he for duty that he was honorably discharged from the ser- 
vice in 1863. After returning to civil life, he engaged in 
the study of medicine and entered upon the practice of his 
adopted profession in 1866. 

In 1866 he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah F. Nor- 
wood, daughter of W. G. W.Norwood, and grand-danghter of 
George Norwood, one of the oldest residents of the city of 
Indianapolis. In 1871 he removed to Benton county, where 
he has since resided, dividing his time between agricultural 
pursuits and the practice of his profession. He has served 
his county as Assessor by appointment, and as Trustee of 
the township in which he resides, and has filled several other 
important positions in a manner quite creditable to himself. 
He is a genuine Eepublican, having imbibed the principles of 
that party in his youth and carried them into effect in his 
manhood. Was elected Eepresentativc during the fall of 
1878, and is now serving his first term. He has never had 
any legislative experience heretofore. His post office address 
is at Fowler. 



LEGISLATIVE. 141 



CHAELES BAEKEE EOBINSON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARION, 

Was born March 21, 1818, in the town of Limington, Maine. 
His life from two j-ears of age until twenty-three was one of 
continual ups and downs, of trials and tribulations, working 
first on a farm, then at a knife and fork factory, then farming 
and in general teaming with an ox team, earning from three 
to ten dollars per month. In 1841 he was a resident of 
Cornish, Maine, where he married, and m 1845 removed to 
Lawrence, Mass., where he assisted in building the dam across 
the Merrimac river. It was here also that Mr. Eobinson did 
his first railroad work, that of loading ship timber on the 
cars, pumping water by hand for the locomotives and sawing 
wood with a common saw and buck. His next step was pre- 
paring iron for track-laying ; cutting, straightening or curv- 
ing it. He was next employed in laying track, at which be 
worked a year. He then moved to Dover, New Hampshire, 
where he continued track-laying and road-building for three 
years, before going to Western New York. He was for a 
short time employed on the Eochester and Niagara Falls 
Eailroad, the New York and Erie, the Canandaigua and 
Niagara Falls Eailroad and then back to the Eochester and 
Niagara Falls road. 

In August, 1853, he came west and settled at Logansport, 
Ind., and fi3r three years aided in constructing the Toledo, 
Wabash and Western Eailroad, when he came to Indianapolis 
and was appointed roadmaster on the Indianapolis, Peru and 
Chicago Eailroad and served one and one-half years. He 
served six years as assistant superintendent of the same road 
under David Macy, then President and General Superinten- 
dent. The Union Eailway Company, of this city, recogniz- 
ing his ability as a railroad man, emploj^ed him for eight 
years as superintendent of their tracks, after which he was 



142 LEGISLATIVE. 

made General Superintendent of the Indianapolis, Peru and 
Chicago Railroad, and served in that capacity for two years, 
being succeeded by the present Manager, Y. T. Malott, Esq., 
Since 187-4 he has been engaged with the Indianapolis, Bloom- 
ington and Western Eailroad, as yardmaster. 

In politics Mr, Robinson is Republican and was elected in 
the fall of 1878 by a about 1,200 majority. He has never been a 
candidate for office prior to 1878. In personal appearance he 
strikes the causual observer as being "one born to command" 
and yet he is most kindly and affable in disposition. 



WILLIAM W. ROOKEE, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM HAMILTON AND TIPTON, 

Was born AjDril 14, 1825, in the county of Marion, State of 
Indiana, and spent his first eleven years in his native county, 
since which time he has resided in Hamilton county, adjoin- 
ing Marion on the north. He is in every sense of the word 
a self made man, and an A No, 1 farmer. Besides being a 
first-class farmer he is a very successful " Apiarist," or bee- 
raiser, and his enemies have circulated a report to the effect 
that he is the author of 

" How doth the little busy bee 

Improve each shining hour. 
And gather honey all the day 

From every opening flower." 

But all good citizens who know him believe this to be an 
electioneering dodge, and a lie made out of whole cloth. But 
this is a digression. In politics he is a National-Green- 
backer, and was elected to his present seat by 547 majority. 
He has never been connected with any former legislature and 
has never held any official positions. His address is at Mats 
ville, Hamilton county. 



LEGISLATIVE. 143 

EXUM SAINT, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MADISON AND HENRY. 

This gentleman was born in Henry count}^, Ind,, in 1838, 
of Quaker parentage. He received a fair academical educa- 
tion at home, and attended Antioch College for two years. 
He then read law under Judge E. B. Martindale at New- 
castle The war breaking out found him in Iowa, where he 
enlisted in Company E, Fourth Iowa Cavalry, as a private, 
but was promoted to Captain of the company. He was at the 
battle of Pea Eidge, at the siege of Yicksburg and in the 
grand cavalry raid under Billy Wilson through Alabama and 
Georgia, and one of his last military acts was the arrest of 
Alex. H. Stephens, Vice President Confederate States of 
America, at his home at Crawfordsville, Ga., and attempted 
arrest of Eobert H. Toombs, the latter escaping and going to 
Brazil, South America. Mr. Saint had only thirty men w4th 
him on the above expedition, and after returning to Atlanta 
with his prisoner there met Colonel Pritchard with Jeff. 
Davis, and the two started to Washington City with their 
prisoners of State ; but Mr. Saint returned lo his command 
after assisting in getting the party — which included C. C. 
Clay, Montgomery and others — aboard a United States trans- 
port on the Savannah Kiver at Augusta, Ga. 

At the cl >se of the war. Captain Saint married Louisa 
Maxson, daughter of William Maxson, of West Liberty, 
Iowa, who was the intimate friend of John Brown, of Harper 
Ferry fame, and whose house was often the refuge of the hero 
of Ossawatomie and his most trusted followers and was their 
rendezvous the winter previous to the attack on Harper's 
Ferry, although he disapproved of that expedition and almost 
lost Brown's friendship by denouncing that folly, if such it 
was. Their intimacy grew up from a common zeal to settle 



144 LEGISLATIVE. 

Kansas as a free State. Mrs. Saint is a cultivated lady and a 
noble specimen of the representative woman. They have 
three children and make their home in IS'ewcastle. 

In politics Mr Saint is a progressive Democrat, and was 
elected by the ])eople; instead of the politicians, from a strong 
Eepublican county, where he is engaged in the law practice. 
Mr. Saint is thoroughly in earnest in his desire for every pos- 
sible retrenchment, and is one of the most able sj^cakers in 
the House. lie is a firm advocate of woman's claims to pub- 
lic and political recognition. His adherence to j)rinciple and 
justice, his earnestness and integrity, make him a live man of 
influence. Personall}', he has a frank, yet thoughtful, ex- 
pression of countenance, is a gentleman of very prepossessing 
appearance, has a broad, full brow, hair of an iron gray color, 
large dark eyes and a peculiarly impressive manner of 
speech. 



CHAELES EDWAED SCHOLL, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM CARROLL, 

Was born May 21, 1843, in Frederick county, Marjiand. 
His parents wero both natives of that State. His 
father was of German, and his mother of English ex- 
traction. The iather of our sketch is jet alive, but the 
mother died while Charles Edward was a mere child. He 
graduated at the University of Maryland, as a physician, 
carrying off the honors of his class, having been chosen as 
the valedictorian of the class. He entered upon the practice 
of his profession at Poolesville, Montgomery county, Mary- 
land, and in June, 1875, he removed from there to the state 
of his adoption, Indiana, and located at Camden, Carroll 
county, where he now resides. He is a square-toed Demo- 
crat, steadfast in the faith, first, last and all the time. Cam- 
den is the post-office address of the gentleman from Carroll. 



LEGISLATIVE. 145 



BAENAED SCHWITZEE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM OWEN, 

Was born in Germany in 1835, and considering that he is 
only forty-four years old Eepresentative Schwitzerhas been 
the most remarkable traveller of any man in the House. He 
came to America when he was sixteen years of age, and 
landed at Boston, where he worked at his trade, of confect- 
ioner, a year, when he went to sea on a whaling vessel where 
he served sixteen months, visiting the Sandwich Islands, Aus- 
tralia, and afterwards coasting along the shores of Asia and 
Africa. Eeturning to America he landed at Newport, Mass., 
where he visited many of the eastern cities, and then struck 
out for the West. 

At Detroit he engaged in building the Detroit and Mil- 
waukee Eaiiroad, and from thence he moved on in his ad- 
ventures to see the great West, Illinois, Missouri, Pike's Peak, 
Salt Lake, and thence to California. 

Eeturning to St. Louis he made the wisest move of his life; 
he got married in the Queen City, and settled down in the 
State of Ohio in business, where he made money, but was 
burned out, when, in poor health, he came to Indiana in 1867 
and settled in Spencer, the county seatof Owen, which county 
he has now the honor of representing by a majority 
of 578. Schwitzer is a character. He makes life wherever 
he goes. His geniality makes him friends, while his exten- 
sive travels have made him both square and liberal. He has 
the honor of furnishing from his quary at Spencer the con- 
crete stone for the new State House. He is an active an 
efficient legislator. Spencer, Owen county, is his post office 
address. 



10 



146 LEGISLATIVE. 

JOHN P. C. SHANKS 



Was born June 17th, 182G, at Martinsburg, Va. His ances- 
tors were of Irish descent. His grandfather served in the 
Continental array, from Lexington to Yorktown. His father 
was a soldier ot the war of 1812, an elder brother served 
during the Mexican war and a younger one and himself dur- 
ing the rebellion, in 1839 the object of our sketch was taken 
with his fathers family into the wilderness of Jay county, 
Indiana, to live, and for this reason his education was under 
the care of his father at his home, between the hours of labor. 
He worked at the carpenter's trade in Michigan in 1847, after 
which he commenced the study of law and was admitted 
to prac^ce in 1850, during which year he acted as Auditor of 
his county and in the following fall was chosen Prosecuting 
Attorney of the Circuit Court of Jay count}'. In early life 
General Shanks was a Whig, and as such was elected in 1853 
to the State Legislature. In 1855 he was defeated for advo- 
cating legal prohibition in the liquor traflSc. Upon the death 
of the old Whig party he aided in organizing the Eepublican 
party. In 1860 he was chosen as a Eepresentative to Con- 
gress, taking his seat July 4th, 1861, when Congress assembled 
in called session. He is the author of an important reso- 
lution, which afterwards became one of the articles of war, 
that the return of fugitive slaves to their masters rested 
wholly with the civil and not with the military department 
of the government. In the summer of 1863 he recruited the 
Seventh Eegiment Indiana Cavalry, and was breveted a 
Brigadier General in the following February for meritorious 
conduct. Afterwards he was breveted a Major Gen* 
eral, upon recommendation of Hon. E M. Stanton, then 
Secretary of War. He was mustered out of the service in 
September, 1865, at Hempstead, Texas. 



LEGISLATIVE. 147 

In 1866, 1868, 1870 and 1872, Gene^-al Shank's constitu- 
ents returned him to Congress, making his Congres- 
sional services in all ten years, where he acquitted 
himself with great honor. He was the author and 
earnest advocate of a great many good measures, all 
of which were in the interest of the people. During 
his Congressional service he labored for the independence of 
Crete from Turkish rule, and defended the movement so well 
that he received the thanks of the Greek and Cretan govern- 
ments. 

He, while a member of Congress and under its authority, 
made a most exhaustive report of over 1,200 pages on the 
''Treatment of Prisoners of War by the Confederate Author- 
ities,'' going into the treatment of prisoners of war from the 
earliest ages, and advocating a system of "universal paroles," 
and as Chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs of the 
House made a report of 800 pages on frauds against the 
Indians and Indian tribes. To prepare himself for 
the discharge of his duties he traveled for six summers 
among sixty three tribes of Indians, including all hostile ones, 
over all the plains and Eocky and Sierra Nevada Mountains, 
where they resided, without guide or guard, generally accom- 
panied by some member of his own family. 

He was, in 1878, elected to the House of Kepresentatives 
of Indiana, from Delaware and Jay counties. His post office 
address is Portland, Jay county. 



JACOB H. SHAUCK, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM NOBLE, 

Was born November 21, 1831, in Morrow county, Ohio, of 
German parentage. He received a fair education in early 
life, and afterwards graduated from Otterbein University, 



148 LECHSLATIVE. 

Franklin county, Ohio, since which time he has employed 
himself and his time in tilling the soil and grinding other 
men's grists. Mr. Shaiick devoted three years of the best 
part of his life in the ranks of the Union army, and has 
lived in Indiana about five 3- ears. In politics Mr. Shauck 
was originally an Abolitionist, until the birth of the Republi- 
can party, when he heartily espoused its cause until 1872, 
when a change of base politically, seemed absolutely neces- 
sary and he became a Democrat, but with exceedingly liberal 
proclivities. He was elected in 1878 from Noble county, by 
257 majority, and is now serving his first term as a Legislator 
— in fact, has never held any other official position or office, 
except that of road supervisor. The address of the Eepre- 
sentative from Noble is at Kendallville. 



JAMES T. SHIELDS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM JENNINGS, 

Was born in the year 1822 in Jennings county, this State, 
was educated at the primitive schools of his county and 
at St. Charles, Missouri ; afterwards chose the practice of 
medicine as a profession, and soon began its study, gradua- 
ting at the Ohio Medical College. In 1848 he entered upon 
the practice of his profession at Dupont, and in 1865 moved 
to Seymour, where he has continued to reside to the present 
time. Representative Shields served in the lower house in 
the session of 1858-9, from Jennings county, and in the last 
general election in Jackson, he had a majority of 891 for his 
present position. The doctor possesses a large share of his 
father's grit. Fixed in his principles he never puts himself 
up at auction, or is never for sale at any price. With him 



LEGISLATIVE. 149 

integrity is above rubies, and a good name is above riches. 
In short, he is a man inheriting some of tne great private 
virtues of his father, the late Colonel James Shields, who was 
one of the heroes of the battle under General Jackson at 
New Orleans, and who died but two years since at the home- 
stead in Seymour, Indiana. 



SAMUEL SHUTT, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM DEKALB, 

Was born in 1833, in Summit county, Ohio. Hig parents 
were poor and he only received an ordinary common school 
education. A part of his early life was spent in teaching 
school. He emigrated to Indiana in 1848, and settled near 
iSpencerville, where he began the work of his life a farmer, with 
liberal views of sound political theories. In 1859 he went to 
California, via Panama and returned overland in 1867. He 
soon went west again, and visited all the territories west of 
the Kocky Mountains, and engaged, and was very successful 
in silver mining in Nevada. During 1869 and 1871 he visited 
California three times, going out the last time by the North- 
ern Pacific Eailroad. In the sessions of 1872 and 1873 he 
represented his, DeKalb county, in the Legislature. In the 
fall of 1878 he was again elected to represent his county in 
the House. His appearance indicates a man of good charac- 
ter as well as of sound principles and moral firmness Such 
a man will faithfully represent his constituency. He is six 
feet in height, and weighs two hundred pounds, and is every 
inch a gentleman. He is a Democrat in politics, and receives 
his mail at Spencerville, DeKalb county. 



150 LEGISLATIVE. 



SAMUEL S. SKINISER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM PORTER, 

Was born July 24, 1824, in Wayne county, N. Y., and shortly 
after his birth his parents moved to Cataraugus county, N. 
Y., and from there in 1833 to Upper Canada. The family re- 
mained here until 1837, when in consequence of the liberal 
views of the elder Skinner, they were compelled to hunt a 
more congenial climate than that where Johnnie Bull 
reigned. They located in Porter county this State, and have 
since then lived in the same county. Ill health prevented 
him from being of service to his father on the farm, so he 
obtained a position in a store as clerk at four dollars per 
month. He followed this line of business for ten years and 
was then elected Marshal, the first one the city of Yalparaiso 
ever had. Has been several times elected to the Council on 
account of his well known opposition to rings. He was for 
six years President of the First National Bank of Yalparaiso, 
and is now living in the city, but spends most of his time on 
his farm. His maiden vote was cast for Henry Clay, but he 
has always been identified with the Eepublican party since 
its organization. He was elected to the present position by 
four hundred and seventy-seven majority over his Democratic 
opponent. His post office address is Yalparaiso 



GEOEGE B. SLEETH, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM RUSH, 

Was born in New York City, a few weeks alter the arrival of 
his parents from Ireland. Afterwards his family removed to 
Pennsylvania and settled near Pittsburgh, where his parents 
soon died, while George was yet a mere child. He soon 



LEGISLATIVE. 151 

made his way to Indiana, and hired to a livery keeper, and 
afterwards to Joseph Winship, a wealthy farmer. Here he 
worked during the summer months and went to school dur- 
ing the winter time, until he acquired a common school edu- 
cation, and money enough to pay his way a few terms at a 
farmer's college, in Ohio. He returned to Rush county and 
read law under Hon. Leonidas Sexton and Geo. C. Clark, ot 
Rushville, and was a law partner of the latter for some years, 
Mr. Sleeth has no superior and few equals in point of ability 
as a lawyer in his part of the State, while as a speaker his 
voice, gestures and manners while speaking are pleasant to 
his hearers, yet his great strength lies in the profundity of 
his researches, and the logical arrangement of his thoughts. 
He was elected to the State Senate in 1872, and made a re- 
cord while there, of which his constituents are justly proud. 
Mr. Sleeth possesses fine social qualities, a generous and kind 
disposition, and a large amount of liberality and respect for 
the opinions of others, which of course makes him many 
friends in every class of society. His post office address is 
Rushville. 



GEORGE WASHINGTON SNODDY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM HENDRICKS, 

Was born November 19, 1815, in Bourbon county, Ken- 
tucky. Educational facilities in those days were limited to 
the old log school house, and the elder Snoddy's means being 
limited, the subject of our sketch could only receive a com- 
mon school education, but he made the most of it. His 
father's family moved from Bourbon county in the year 1822, 
to Indianapolis, Indiana, remaining but a short time, they 
removed to Monroe county, and in 1831, located permanently 



152 LEGISLATIVE. 

in Hendricks, where the}^ now live. During the earlier days 
of Mr. Snoddy he combined school teaching with farming as 
a means of livelihood, and to further his educational advance- 
ment. It was during General Jackson's days that his 
father paid 26 per cent, interest on borrowed capital. In 
1833 his mother purchased the farm upon which he now 
resides. In politics. Eepresentative Snoddy is a Eepublican, 
having espoused the principles of that party upon the demise 
of the old Whig organization in 1856. He is a married man. 
his wife being a native of Edgar county, Illinois. His ad- 
dress is Danville. 



EDWIN H. STEVENS. 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM ELKHART, 

Was born in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, February 12, 
1822, and raised in Tioga county, New York. Moved west 
and settled in Elkhart in 1852. He had the advantage of a 
common school education, and afterwards graduated at the 
Oswego, N. Y. Academy. He is a married man and is a far- 
mer by occupation, was a merchant in early life, and taught 
school for some years. He has always been a strong radical 
Eepublican in politics. Mr. Stevens is in personal appear- 
ance a well preserved old gentleman, being about Hve feet ten 
inches in height, of slender build and weighs in the neighbor- 
hood of 190 pounds. His whiskers and hair are gray, his 
eyes blue, and his complexion fair. He is noted among his 
neighbors for his genial manners and social qualities. His 
post office address is at Goshen. 



LEGISLATIVE. 153 

JAMES F. STUCKER, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE FROM CRAWFORD AND ORANGE, 

Was born March 19, 1831, in Harrison county, Indiana. His 
ancestors were from Germany and Ireland, though his par- 
ents were American born, and were among the early settlers 
of Washington county, the elder Stucker having crossed the 
Ohio river where New Albany now stands in 1806. The only 
educational advantages that the object of this sketch ever had 
from schools, consisted in the fact of his having to walk three 
miles morning and night through five or six weeks of the 
worst part of the winter to the school house. Learned the car- 
penter's trade after he was twenty-one years old, and by 
means of which he was enabled to attend school a short time 
at Corydon, Indiana. In 1859 he again took the plow, but 
when the war broke out in 1861. he left his farm with his 
crops in and his stock on hand and enlisted as private in the 
23rd Ee.£jiment Indiana Yolunteers, and in July, 1863, was 
promoted to the Captaincy over both the Lieutenants of his 
Company, and served to the close of the war as Captain. In 
1866 he removed to Paoli and entered into co-partnership 
with Frank King in the milling and farming business, and 
which he has carried on to the present time. 

Mr. Stucker is a practical man in every sense of the word, 
and believes in paying for what you get and getting what 
yoa pay for — applying the rule to officials as in business 
transactions with merchants. He is a Democrat, clear cut, 
and was elected by one thousand one hundred and seventy- 
two majority in a district where the Bepublicans in each 
county elected their county officers at the same election. Has 
not been a member of any former Legislature, and the only 
office he has filled was that of Sheriff of Orange county for 
seven months. His post office address is at Paoli. 



154 LEGISLATIVE. 



SAMUEL H. TAYLOR, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM DAVIESS, 

Was born January 25, 1837, at Cumberland, Maryland, where 
he was educated. Here he read law and entered upon the 
practice of his profession until he removed to Washington, 
Ind., about the close of the war Mr. Taylor was Postmaster 
of his native city under President Buchanan's administration, 
and soon after locating at Washington was elected Prosecut- 
ing Attorney of the Vincennes Circuit, holding the position 
for several years, until he resigned the office in May, 1873. 
Mr. Taylor was a Delegate to the Democratic National Con- 
vention at Baltimore in 1872 and to St. Louis in 1876. He 
has always been a Democrat, and has held many important 
positions of a less character than those mentioned ; and, 
while being a party man, is liberal in his views, a staunch 
defender of the rights of the people and an advocate of 
woman's right to a recognition of political equality. 

Mr. Taylor is one of the most dignified and stately gentle- 
men in the Assembly, a convincing and forcible speaker, and 
one of the influential working members of that body. He is 
a thorough parliamentarian, well informed and of sound 
judgment. He would grace a seat in the halls of Congress. 
He is commanding in appearance, being six feet in height, 
handsomely built and courteous in manner, is married 
and has two daughters grown to womanhood. He is 
engaged in the lucrative practice of his profession at Wash- 
ington. 

No better man could have been elected from the county of 
Daviess, and there is no position to which he may not aspire, 
no office within the gift of the people he is not worthy to 
fill. 



LEGISLATIVE. 155 

OSCAE B. TAYLOE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM LAGRANGE, 

Was born June 10, 1827, in Portage county, Ohio. His par- 
ents were from New England, coming west when Oscar was 
but ten years of age, and settled in Lagrange county, being 
among the pioneers of AVolcottville. Eepresentative Taylor 
was reared upon a farm, as was his ancestors before him, but 
gave up agricultural pursuits, upon attaining his majority, 
and engaged in mercantile pursuits, which he has followed 
perseveringly to the present time, with the exception of about 
five years. With the birth of the Eepublican party, Mr. Tay- 
lor espoused its cause, and has always been found advocating 
its principles, although not a strong partisan, with all the 
term implies. The position he now holds was without his 
'^wn seeking, and was accepted only at the earnest request of 
his friends. It was a simon pure case of the office seeking 
the man. His post office is Wolcottville. 



JOHN LEWIS TAYLOE, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM WARRICK, 

Was born August 30, 1850, and has always resided in War- 
rick county. His lather and mother were raised in the same 
county, and brought up the young man to hard farm labor. 
He received an ordinary common school education until 1871, 
when he entered the University at Bloomington, Ind., but 
before completing a full classical course his means were ex- 
hausted and he returned home. In the summer of 1874 he 
taught a large select school, and afterwards for a year took 
charge of the public schools at Lynnville. 

In 1875 he commenced reading law, while teaching his 
school, and in the following spring entered the law office of 



1 56 LEGISLATIVE. 

Judge Handy as a law student. He was admitted to prac- 
tice at the bar at Booneville in the following fall. He grad- 
uated at the Cincinnati Law School in 1878, and a few days 
after his return home, was nominated on the Democratic 
ticket as a candidate for Eepresentative, and was elected by 
789 majority. 

In 1876 he made a vigorous canvass in company with the 
Hon. B. S. Fuller, Congressman from the First District, and 
in this canvass gained quite an honorable notoriety. He is 
both a Mason and an Odd Fellow and his confession of faith 
is that "the world is home, to do good is religion. 

He was married to the accomplished Miss Katie E. Brack- 
enridge, of Booneville, in 1879. He is one of the ablest young 
men of Southern Indiana, is a fine scholar and an honorable 
gentleman, full of energy, and knows no such word as fail. 
His post office address is at Booneville, Warrick county. 



JOHN D, THAYER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM KOSCIUSKO, 

Was born May 24, 1840, in Onandagua county, in the State 
of New York. Has resided in Indiana for the past thirty 
years. When first a citizen of this State, he resided at Peru 
and removed from thence to Marshall county in the year 
1852, remaining there until 1864, when he removed to War- 
saw, his home to the present time. His occupation is that of 
grain dealer, at which business he has been very successful. 
Mr. Thayer served his county as a Representative during 
the regular and special sessions of 1872-3, and acquired such 
record as a Legislator that he was re-elected in the fall of 
1878 to the lower branch of the Legislature. His majority 
was three hundred over his Democratic opponent. He is a 
Republican — firm in principle. Address the gentleman from 
Koskiusco at Warsaw. 



LEGISLATIVE. 167 



MAUKICE THOMPSON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MONTGOMERY, 

Was born in Fairland, Montgomery county, Indiana, in 184i. 
The early portion of his life, and the years of his youth were 
spent in the sunny clime of Georgia. Eeared and educated 
in the South, what wonder that when the war broke out he 
should espouse the cause of his adopted home In 1868, after 
finishing a law course in Georgia, Mr. Thompson returned 
to Indiana. Settling in Crawfordsville he entered upon the 
practice of his profession. Here he married the lovely 
daughter of John Lee, one of the oldest railroad projectors 
in the State. Mr. Thompson has two fair faced children. 
As a Representative Mr. Thompson is fulfilling his duties 
with marked ability. Usually quiet and unassuming, when 
interested in a bill or important measure, he wpeaks with all 
the power born of eloquence. 

Personally, Mr. Thompson is average in height, slenderly 
built but sinewy. He has a clear olive complexion, hair 
straight and black, worn after the fashion of poets, combed 
straight back from his forehead and falling below his neck 
An eye that is dark and piercing yet bears in its depth the far 
away look of the idealist, the expression of the day dreamer. 
The outline of his face is greatly like the pictures of Dr. 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, taken in his youth. Mr. Thompson 
is not only a Representative of Montgomery county, but he 
is also a representative of the literature of the State. " Hoos- 
ier Mosaics," his first published work, full of humor and 
pathos, stirs the emotions of laughter and tears. " The 
Witchery of Archery," and his poems prove the versatility 
of his genius and the high position to which he is entitled as 
a poet. 



158 LEGISLATIVE. 



JOHN H. THOENBURa, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM WAYNE, 

Was born JSTovember 5, 1824, in Jefferson township, Wayne 
county, Indiana. His parents were natives of Tennessee, 
and moved to this State after the close of the war of 1812, and 
settled in Wayne county where the object of this sketch was 
born. Mr. Thornburg received the best education the com- 
mon schools of those days furnished, and has followed the 
plow all his life, as has his ancesters as a means of livelihood. 
At the age of twenty-four years he served as a justice of the 
peace for four j^ears and afterwards taught school in the win- 
ter season for several terms. Prior to 1856 Mr. Thorn burg's 
pohtics were fashioned after the principles of his time-honored 
political patron saint, Henry Clay. Since then and at pre- 
sent he is a Eepublican, having been elected in the very Giba- 
ralter of Indiana Republicanism, Wayne county, by a major- 
ity of about 2,000. He has not been connected with any 
former Legislature and except that he was a justice of the 
peace has never filled any public position. His post office 
address is a'. Hagerstown. 



CYEUS B. TULLEY, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM WHITLEY, 

Was born August 18, 1839, in the county he now represents, 
and has never resided elsewhere. In his early days schools 
were a luxury, and consequently his literary education did 
not amount to much, but he was a close and untiring student 
of nature, and this fact has made him a man of great prom- 
inence in his portion of the State. He lived upon his farm 



LEGISLATIVE. 159 

until 1865, in the meantime teaching several terms in the 
schools of his county, and in the fall of 1865 removed to 
Columbia city, the county seat ol Whitley, where he 
raad law. He has held numerous minor political offices, such 
as member of the Town Council, County Surveyor, Town 
Marshall, etc. In 1872-3 he was sent to the House and repre- 
sented faithfully his county during the regular and special 
sessions of the General Assembly. He was again elected in 
the fall of 1878, as a reward for former efficient services. 
Since 1869 he has practiced law, being Deputy Prosecuting 
Attorney under Hon. Joseph S. Dailey — now a member ol 
the same body as Mr. Tulley. He is a simon-pure Democrat 
and is considered one of the wheel-horses in his Congressional 
district. His post office address is Columbia City. 



SQUIRE L. VANPELT, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM SHELBY, 

Was born September 21, 1819, near Lebanon, Wayne county, 
Ohio. His ancestors, on his father's side, came from Holland 
nearly two hundred years ago, having been driven out of the 
country by the persistent persecutions of the Spaniards. His 
grandmother was of Scotch origin and came to America 
about the time her husband landed here from Holland. They 
settled first upon the banks of the Hudson River, emigrating 
to Ohio in 1792, settling in Wayne county, where the gen- 
tlemanly representative of this sketch was born. The fam- 
ily removed to Shelby county, Ind., in 1821, two years after the 
birth of their son Squire L., and some time before the organ- 
ization of the county. 

Mr. Vanpelt received only such educational advantages as 
he could gather from the common schools, but made the best 
of it under the circumstances. He was brought up as a far. 



160 LEGISLATIVE 

mer in Shelby count}^, where he has resided for the past fifty- 
eight years. Has filled several minor township ofiices; was 
sheriff of the county for four years, and Auditor for eight. 
Has also served as member of the City Council of Shelby- 
ville for four years. Was elected on the J)emocratic ticket 
by nearly 2,800 majority, and is now serving his first term 
as a legislator. His post office address is at Shelbyville. 



ROBEET VAN VALZAH, 

REPRESNTATIVE FROM VIGO, 

Was born April 9, 1843, in Mifflingburg, Union county, 
Penns^'lvania, and was educated at the Baptist College, the 
Lewisburg University, and chose dentistry as a profession. 
The grand-parents of Mr. VanYalzah settled upon the Hud- 
son River, in the days of the celebrated Yon Stuyvesants, 
the Yonder Donks and Wouter Yon Twiller some two hun- 
dred years ago, but his parents were native born, moving to 
Pennsylvania some few years before their son Robert was 
born. 

He came west in March, 1864, and settled in Terre Haute, 
where he has since resided. He was elected by the Demo- 
crats, with a majority of one thousand two hundred and 
twenty six over the Republicans and seven hundred and ten 
over the Nationals. He has not been connected with any 
former Legislature, but was a member of the Terre Haute 
City Government in 1872, and is now President of the City 
School Board. Mr. YanYalzah is widely known as an active 
member of the order of Freemasons, and is at present Grand 
Master of the State- He is not yet in the prime of life, and 
will no doubt make his mark among the great men of his 
adopted State. His post office address is at Terre Haute. 



LEGISLATIVE. 161 



SMITH YAWTER, 

JOINT REPRESENTATIVE TROM JEFFERSON, JENNINGS AND SCOTT, 

Was born in Scott county, Kentucky, November 3, 1806. 
His father was born in Orange county, Virginia, and his 
mother in Pennsylvania. His family moved to the wilder- 
ness of Indiana territory in 1807, making the first encamp- 
ment near where the railroad round house now stands in 
North Madison, resided there and in Madison for eight years, 
and then located in \ ernon, now thecapital of Jennings county, 
and has lived there for the past 63 years. In his young days 
he wanted to be a "soldier boy" and rose from ensign to the 
command of the 21stKegiment, Indiana Militia. Was elected 
Sheriff in 1834, County Commissioner in 1838 and served six 
years. Was elected Representative in 1848, and again in 1856. 
Was one of the trustees of the Agricultural Fund (Purdue 
University) five years. Has been a merchant and farmer 
for more than forty years, and for the past six or eight years 
he is credited with occupying his time principally paying 
security debts for his neighbors, and has yet a few townships 
to hear from. Vernon is his post office. 



ENOS L. WATSON, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM RANDOLPH, 

Was born December 22, 1830, in Green county, Ohio. He 
was educated in the old seminary at Winchester, Ind. He 
was raised on a farm, and has taught school a portion of his 
life-time. He was County Surveyor four years, and served 
six years as Prosecuting Attorney for his county. He was 
elected to represent Randolph county in the Legislature of 
11 



162 LEGISLATIVE. 

1867-8. He has always been a Republican and has taken an 
active part in local politics. For twenty years past he has 
practiced law successfully. He was married in 1854, and is 
the father of four boj-s. He has indulged somewhat in the 
newspaper line, having started the Winchester Herald, as a 
Republican organ in 1872. His post office address is at Win- 
chester. 



JAMES H. WILLARD, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM FLOYD, 

AVas born in the city of New Albany, Indiana, in April, 
1848. His father's family were among the original settlers of 
Oneida county, New York. The father, Ashbel P. Willard, 
came to the State of Indiana in 1846, and successively was 
Representative in the Legislature from Floyd county, Lieu- 
tenant Grovernor and Governor of the State, departing this 
life in 1860, while still Governor of the State. 

Mr. Willard came to Indianapolis in 1854 and resided there 
until the death of his father. In 1861 he was a page in the 
House of Representatives, and also for a portion of that year 
was Deputy United States Marshal. He prepared for col- 
lege in Middletown, Conn., and entsred Wesleyan University 
of that place in the summer of 1864, taking the entrance 
prize for the first examination. In 1865 he entered the 
sophomore class of Hamilton College. During his college 
course he took several prizes, and his average was among the 
highest ever kno^vn in the coHege. After closing his college 
course he entered Columbia College Law School in New 
York city and was admitted to the bar of that State in 1869. 
The same year he left for Europe to finish his education, 
which he did by a three years' course in the College of 



LEGISLATIVE. 163 

France and School of Law in Paris, and in the Law School 
of Vienna. After learning the European languages so as to 
speak them fluently, he made the grand tour, going into the 
center of Asia and through the Holy Land and across the 
Desert to Egypt and five hundred miles of the Nile. He 
made a thorough tour of Europe, returning near the 
close of 1871. 

In 1872 he was elected to the Legislature from Floyd 
county and served during the session of 1872-3 as a mem- 
ber of the Committee of Ways and Means. He engaged in 
every canvass from that time until the present. Was 
elected this year against the combined forces of the Eepub- 
licans and Nationals. He was second in the race for the 
nomination for Speaker on the Democratic side of 
the House. Mr. Willard is counted among the mos* 
eloquent speakers of the State and is a representative man 
of the young Democracy of the State. He is perhaps the 
only public speaker in the vState who can address his fellow 
citizens equally well in German, French and English. Dur- 
ing this session be is serving as Chairman of the Committee 
on Fees and Salaries and a member of the Committee of Ways 
and Means. He is one of the Democratic leaders on the 
floor of the House. 



WILLIAM PEREY WIMMER, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM PUTMAM AND HENDRICKS, 

Was born in Parke county, this State. His parents were 
of Dutch extraction, but both were born in Virginia. They 
came west and located in the woods, near Bridgeton, Parke 
county, in 1824, their nearest neighbor being twenty miles 
distant. When William was but fifteen years of age, he was 



164 LEGISLATIVE. 

left an orphan, and from that time until July 6, 1860, he 
worked at his trade, a carpenter, and then enlisted in the 
Twenty-First Indiana Infantry, afterwards the First Heavy 
Artillery, and served continuously until January 10, 1866, 
when his regiment was mustered out of service. While in 
the army he participated in forty-three engagements, the 
most prominent of which were the seiges of Port Hudson, 
La., Forts Gaines and Morgan, Spanish Fort, and Fort 
Blakely, Alabama. He served on General Hurlburt's staff 
for awhile, inspecting the fortifications of Louisiana, Miss- 
issippi and Alabama, and was also a Provost Judge in the 
city of New Orleans, and on Secret Police duty at Baton 
Rouge. Since returning from military life, he has been 
devoting his time to agricultural pursuits, on the Little Wal- 
nut Creek, in Putnam county. 

Politically he is a National Greenbacker. He is a self- 
made man and expects to devote the remainder of his life in 
the interests of the working classes. Greencastle is his 
home and post-office address. 



JOHN D. WORKS, 

REPRESENTATIVE FROM SWITZERLAND AND OHIO, 

Was born in 1848, in Ohio county, Indiana. Served two 
years in the Union army. Read law during 1867 and 1868 
with Hon. A. C. Downey, of Rising Sun, Indiana, as precept- 
or, and was admitted to practice in 1868, since which he has 
devoted his entire time to his profession, in co-partnership 
with his father, James A. Works. Was a Republican from 
the organization of the party until 1874, when he was chair- 
man of the County Central Committee of the Republicans of 
Switzerland county. He was elected to the present House in 



LEGISLATIVE. 165 

1878 by a coalition of Nationals and Democrats, only ten 
days prior to the election. He led all other candidates on his 
ticket. Never has been a candidate for office, except the 
present position. His post office address is at Vevay, Switz- 
erland county. 



WEBSTER DIXON, 

CLERK OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Was born January 9, 1854, in Paris, Jennings county, Ind. 
His grand-parents were of Irish and English antecedents, but 
Mr. Dixon's parents were native born Americans, coming west 
from Virginia and settling in Jennings county at a very early 
day in the history of Indiana. Mr. Dixon attended college 
at Bloomington four years and spent one year at the St. 
Louis Law University. After his return from St. Louis he 
read law with New & Batchelor at Vernon, and in 1878 moved 
to Seymour where he now resides and practices his profes- 
sion. His father was, in politics, a Eepublican, and held the 
Sheriffalty of his county for eight years, under Eepublican 
administration, but the son took the Democratic shute early 
in life and is now reaping a part of his reward. He was a 
candidate in 1876 against Hon. John Overmyer for the House 
and was defeated by only 94 votes, while General Ben Har- 
rison, candidate for Governor, carried the county by 204 
majority. Mr. Dixon has always takon an active part in 
political campaigns, especially that of the State canvass in 
1878, and cast his first vote for Samuel J. Tilden in 1877. 
His corps of assistants are: 

Eufus W. Allen, Greencastle ; Cassius B. Cooper, Colum- 
bus ; M. E. Locke, Columbus; Ed. W. Cooper, Vincennes ; J. 
P. Hawkins, Plymouth; Oscar AY. Chilton, Orleans ; Theo- 
dore Biddle, Anderson ; John K. Polk McBride, Sullivan. 



166 LEGISLATIVE. 



THOMAS C. MAYS, 

ASSISTANT CLERK OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 

Was born February 25, 1840, in Waynesburg, Starke county, 
Ohio, where he resided until he was fifteen years of age, du- 
ring which time he attended the ordinary schools of the 
county. In 1856 he nioved to Meadville, Pennsylvania, where 
he was apprenticed to learn the trade of a printer, which he 
did in three years time, and working at that business until 
he enlisted in the 65th Ohio Eegiment, organized by Senator 
John Sherman, at Mansfield, ^hio. Was in all the great bat- 
tles under Buell, Eosencranz and Thomas. Was wounded at 
Stone Eiver, and at Chicamauga, and afterwards served on 
the staff of Gen. Eosencranz. Has never held any political 
position, but was a candidate for Clerk on the Democratic 
ticket in the fall of 1878 for Clerk of his county, and suf- 
fered defeat by reason of the Greenback movement. He has 
published a newspaper for eight years at Auburn, which is 
his post office address. 

The names of his assistants are as follows : J. H. Ander- 
son, Jeffersonville ; N. E. Alexander, Indianapolis; Henry 
Wakeman, Kendallville; M. H. Corbin, Plymouth; D. N- 
Taylor, Terre Haute ; C. Cooper, Columbus ; Henry V. Somes? 
Vincennes. 



DAVID B. WILSON, 

DOORKEEPER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 

Was born November 27, 1836, in Dayton, Ohio. Eeceived a 
good common school education and has been employed all 
his life time at his trade, that of a carriage trimmer. From 
1848 to the breaking out of the war m 1861, he lived at his 



LEGISLATIVE. 167 

home in Kentucky, and moved to Indiana with his father's 
family making his home in Shelby county where he has since 
resided. Mr. Wilson has never held any political elective 
office, but served a term by appointment under Andrew John- 
son as Assistant Inspector of the Shelby ville district and has 
never been a candidate for the suffrages of the people. In 
politics he is Democratic, the virtues of his party being 
strongly embued in his character. His religion is that of an 
Episcopalian, and in the private walks of life he is above re- 
proach or suspicion. He is assisted in his arduous duties by 
the following corj^s of gentlemen : William Nelson, North 
Vernon; George A. Eicketts, Greencastle; W. J. Craycraft, 
Shelby ville; Eobert McKahan, Anderson; Gennings Larter, 
Bedford; Thomas McDaniels, Laurel; William Howston, In- 
dianapolis; Alexander McConnell, Angola; Samuel H. Wilson, 
Indianapolis. 



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