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Full text of "A biographical sketch of James Jensen"

HARD" f^ ^ ' ^~^' • "^«^*rjy 



3^, - O.N.TOOMEY. 

A Biographical Sketch 



OF 



JAMES JENSEN 



« 




By 

J. M. TANNER 



THE DESERET NEWS 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

1911 



Foreword. 

It was the intention originally to summarize 
briefly the leading events in the life of James 
Jensen. Contrary to all expectations, the sub- 
ject matter of this small volume grew beyond 
the limitations put upon it. The writer, believ- 
ing that many of the events connected with this 
biography and belonging to the history of 
Forest Dale would be a source of interest to 
the people generally of the Ward, therefore 
obtained the consent of the Bishop to the publi- 
cation of his biography in book form. This 
consent was given with great reluctance on the 
part of Bishop Jensen whose fears about "be- 
coming modesty," ''undue pretentions," and 
"adverse criticism" had to be overcome by per- 
sistent effort and persuasion. The author as- 
sumes all responsibility for whatever publicity 
this volume may acquire. If its subject matter 
should prove as interesting to the reader as 
it has been to the writer, the latter will have 
no apology to make for offering this book to 
the members of the Ward and the friends of its 
worthy Bishop. 

The Author. 




James Jensen. 



Index. 

PAGE 

Birth and Early Boyhood 1 

In the Hand-Cart Company of 1857 13 

Early Life in Utah 42 

On a Mission 62 

Residence in the Second Ward 92 

Bishop of Forest Dah Ill 

Character Sketch 134 

Appendix A 150 

Appendix B 162 

Appendix C 171 

Family Genealogy 188 



8RJQHAM YC 

p: 



James Jensen 



CHAPTER I 

BIRTH AND EARLY BOYHOOD 

Somewhere between forty and fifty miles 
west of Copenhagen, on the Island of Sj eland, 
was located the little village of Haugerup, 
where James Jensen was born June 7th, 1841. 
The village was small and its chief resources, 
its farms, were in the ownership of perhaps 
a half a dozen men. The others in that little 
village either worked under the local land- 
lords or sought employment in the town of 
Soro. The village of Haugerup was in those 
early times a fruitful land for the Mormon 
elders, who induced, it is said, more than half 
of the people there to join the Church. 

"My parents were poor," said Bishop Jensen 
in commenting upon the early circumstances 



2 JAMES JENSEN 

of his boyhood. But that could hardly be true 
since they were the owners of one cow, which 
gave them some right to recognition in the so- 
called middle class of society. Besides, his 
parents owned their home which was covered 
by a thatched roof, and in the style peculiar to 
those days. Conditions not unlike those of his 
parents may be found in many of the rural 
communities of Europe at the present time. 
The family at that time sought employment at 
the hands of others. They represented that 
condition of thrift which comes through hard 
and constant toil. 

It was in the year 1855 that the Mormon 
elders led the Jensen family into the waters of 
baptism. It was the dawn of a new era to 
them. It lifted them from the narrow confines 
of a life about them into an open and new 
world. 

To the parents of James Jensen there were 
born seven children. The family record is 
given as follows : 

Father: 

Hans Jensen, born December 19, 1816; died 
April 24, 1880. 



BIRTH AND EARLY MANHOOD. 3 

Mother: 

Sissie Maria Jacobson Jensen, born Decem- 
ber 13, 1814; died February 16, 1898. 
Children : 

James Jensen, born June 7, 1841. 

Karen Jensen Peterson, born October 6, 

1843. 

Christian Jensen, born 1845. 

Jacob Hans Jensen, born 1847. 

Fredrick Jensen, born 1849. 

Soren P. Jensen, born 1851. 

Sophia Jensen, born 1853 ; died 1857. 

Christian and Frederick died before the fam- 
ily left for Utah. 

The only surviving daughter of this family 
reached the Valleys, and became the wife of 
Bishop Peterson of the second ward. The 
three remaining sons all grew up to be men of 
stable character, industrious, and progressive, 
and turned to good account the splendid in- 
heritance of a strong and industrious manhood 
bestowed upon them by their parents. 

The opportunities of the subject of this 
sketch in his early boyhood days were those 
common to his time and environments. He 



4 JAMES JENSEN 

was brought up in a school of hard work. 
There is something really wonderful in the 
industrial life of a boy who from his earliest 
recollections was taught the sacred duty of aid- 
ing the parents in the maintenance of the 
home. James went with his father to the town 
of Soro for employment. While the father 
was working in the garden of his employer, 
the boy found employment in a rope factory 
where for a year he learned and practiced the 
art of rope spinning. 

Rope was an important item in those days 
in the farmer's business. Well fenced pas- 
tures in which the cattle roamed at will were 
not known then as they are now. The cattle 
were staked out in a methodical order and 
cleaned up the grass thoroughly as they went 
from one side of the field to the other. Such 
sights are occasionally seen in remote rural 
districts of certain European countries at the 
present time. It is a nice geometrical problem 
to determine an accurate method of stak- 
ing a cow so ihat as she circles about with- 
in the radius of the rope given her, she 
can be made to clean up the field without 
leaving here and there considerable spots 



BIRTH AND EARLY MANHOOD, 5 

of untouched grass. Then the Danish 
were, as they are now, among the most eco- 
nomical farmers in the world. Their country 
is small; almost every square rod of it is 
put to the most highly beneficial uses. The 
Danes then, as now, were perhaps the best 
intensive farmers in the world. Indeed, Den- 
mark today averages forty bushels of wheat 
to an acre — the highest of any nation. 

"Our school life," said Bishop Jensen, ''did 
not in those times amount to much." Peculiar 
circumstances of education then prevailed 
which the traveler occasionally witnesses in 
some parts of Europe today. The schools were 
then graded according to the days of the week. 
One class attended Mondays, Wednesdays, 
and Fridays; the other, Tuesdays, Thursdays, 
and Saturdays, so that three days each week 
was the portion of every child that attended 
school. There were no grades and the system 
of instruction was individual. The students 
were taught the three Rs, and given a little 
geography. They were qualified sufficiently in 
the art of reading to enable them in after life, 
if they diligently desired it, to enlarge their 
learning by the habit and process of reading. 



6 JAMES JENSEN 

Work — hard, systematic, and continuous work 
— was a common birthright. 

A change came in those days to the boy who, 
under sixteen years of age, had learned to work 
so well. One of the things that he remembers 
was his employment by one of the land-lords 
in his native village of Haugerup. *'I remem- 
ber," said he, in speaking of those early times, 
''that my employer brought a number of farm- 
ers to see how straight I could plow a furrow." 
No wonder that the Danes have become such 
expert farmers when the ability to do their 
part of the work on the farm was a source of 
such pride. No wonder in later life James Jen- 
sen was sought to take charge of a large farm. 
That straight furrow in his boyhood days 
meant to him in later life the love of an order- 
ly method in every occupation he pursued. He 
is perhaps not conscious of the fact that there 
has grown up in the ward over which he has 
presided for a number of years a spirit of tidi- 
ness, a love of cleanliness, which make for ex- 
cellent order about all the home surroundings. 
Who may not say that much of the excellent 
taste and orderly homes in Forest Dale are 
not in some measure the indirect result of that 



BIRTH AND EARLY MANHOOD. 7 

straight furrow the boy was ambitious to plow 
and about which his employer was so proud. 

James Jensen was baptized into the Church 
on the 21st of May, 1855 by Elder Ole Larsen. 
From that time on a new relationship sprang 
up. Some of the well-to-do landlords of the 
village joined the Church. The spirit of equal- 
ity and brotherly love which the new message 
had brought to them led to more intimate re- 
lations among all of the members of the Church 
in that little village. Among the noble spirits of 
that brotherhood was one, Nels Nelson, a man 
whose generous instincts, broadened by his 
conception of the Gospel, led him to consecrate 
his wealth to the aid and blessing of his breth- 
ren about him. Nelson became the benefactor 
of James Jensen as well as of his parents and 
of his sisters and brothers. He took James 
into his employ and aided him and his family 
to emigrante to Utah. On reaching the Val- 
leys, the boy and his benefactor separated — 
Nelson going to Brigham City, and James re- 
maining in Salt Lake City. 

As years went on, the gratitude of the boy 
increased, and the appreciation, and love of 
Jensen for his friend brought to the latter's 



8 JAMES JENSEN 

life a joy of the rarest quality. Speaking of 
the last communication with his old-time 
friend, Bishop Jensen relates the following 
touching incident: "A few years ago when 
my friend Nelson was in Gentile Valley, I 
wrote him a letter inviting him to pay us a 
visit in Forest Dale. I was anxious to see him 
and wanted to renew some of those old-time 
friendly relations that I had enjoyed with him 
in days gone by. I therefore offered to meet 
all his expenses if he would only come and 
pay us a visit. It was not many days after 
I had written this invitation that I received 
word that my friend was dead. His death was 
so sudden, so unexpected that I ma;rveled 
about it. He was buried in Brigham City, and 
I, of course, attended his funeral. While there 
his wife told me that his death was equally 
surprising to his family. The letter, she said, 
which I had written to him had a very peculiar 
effect upon his feelings. He seemed so over- 
joyed by the manifestation of love and good- 
will which the letter contained, that it was easy 
to imagine that it might have been the cause 
of his death." 

There is something about the friendships of 



BIRTH AND EARLY MANHOOD. 9 

youth and their lasting- effects that are not 
found in the friendships of the later periods 
of life. Such friendships are so free from os- 
tentation, and from sinister motives that it 
may be truly said of them that they come from 
the fountains of the heart. The peculiar cir- 
cumstance herein narrated gives a beautiful il- 
lustration of the value of early friendships. 
They seem to grow and ripen with years and 
become more fervent in their nature. They 
are free of all taint of selfishness, surrounded 
by that purity from which they are really be- 
gotten. ''Oh," said the good bishop, as he re- 
lated this little story from the experiences of 
his life, 'T don't know that that is really of 
much consequence." It does not take many 
events of that character in the association of 
men to portray that which is most beautiful 
and praiseworthy in life. It is a choice bit of 
reminiscence full of encouragement and help 
to those who cherish such memories in their 
own lives. The boyhood love that was begot- 
ten on a plow ripened as years went on into 
that brotherly love which the Great blaster so 
warmly commended. 

The character of James Jensen could not 



10 JAMES JENSEN 

be fully comprehended or appreciated without 
an appropriate reference at this place to the 
parents from whom he inherited the sturdy 
qualities of his manhood. "What of your 
mother," I asked. ''She came to the Valleys 
and died here in Salt Lake City." ''What have 
you to say of her," I asked. "She was a good, 
kind, helpful, loving mother. I was with her 
when she died. I remember so well her 
last words as I stood beside her bed. She 
raised both hands and exclaimed : 'James, 
I thank God for my children !' " What a 
beautiful illustration of a God-given, motherly 
instinct ! How true she was to the God who 
had implanted within her the quality of moth- 
erhood ! Was she proud of her children ? Yes, 
more than that. In them she saw the fulfill- 
ment of a divine command. As she was just 
on the eve of returning to her God to give an 
account for the deeds done in the body, there 
loomed up before her mind that first great com- 
mand of her Maker. She had kept well and 
conscientiously that divine injunction. For 
that she' was grateful from the innermost depth 
of her heart. That one expression was the 
highest and best in her life. It was a grand 



BIRTH AND EARLY MANHOOD. 11 

conception which she had of her life and her 
responsibiHty to her IMaker. There was in 
those words a beautiful testimony of the di- 
vine mission of motherhood. "What about 
your father," I continued. "Well," he replied, 
"he was a good man and industrious. After 
he came to Utah he entered the employment of 
Isaac Groo. When my father died Isaac spoke 
at his funeral and took for his text, 'An honest 
man is the noblest work of God.' His confi- 
dence in my father's honesty, he expressed in 
the course of his remarks." Thus the father 
died- with the greatest of all assets placed to 
his credit, that of being an honest man. The 
parents of James Jensen thus gave to their 
child a birthright more precious than worldly 
wealth, more enjoyable than the passing honors 
of their generation. 

The early boyhood of the subject of this 
sketch closed in his native land at the age of 
sixteen. That early life was perhaps unevent- 
ful, but it contained some choice events how- 
ever insignificant in themselves which make 
for the highest and best in human existence. 
There are in our days so many false ideals of 
life, so many evasions, so much shirking of 



12 JAMES JENSEN 

life's duty and the responsibility of life, that 
an industrious boyhood, containing a few cir- 
cumstances so helpful in the subsequent ex- 
periences of life, is worth more than a passing 
consideration. It is more than an idle curi- 
osity which prompts us to ask in the presence 
of a splendid manhood. To what was such a 
manhood due and what circumstances were 
foremost in unfolding it? 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 13 
CHAPTER 11. 

IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 

The Jensen family left Copenhagen on the 
18th of April, 1857, with a company of emi- 
grants bound for Zion. The Gospel had awak- 
ened within the lives of that humble family a 
new hope, but however fond to their hearts 
the expectations of a new and better land were, 
they realized that trials and hardships would 
befall them. They had heard of the experi- 
ences of others, and in their humble homes 
they listened to the stories of the new move- 
ment to build up far in the distance in a des- 
ert land a new Zion to their God. Life in their 
native country was reduced then, as it is now, 
to the almost dead level of certainty. Every 
day was similar in all the experiences of the 
masses to all the days that had gone before it. 
The father had been, in the year 1848, drafted 
into the Danish army. For three years the 
responsibility and care of the home had been 
left to the determined and industrious mother. 



14 JAMES JENSEN 

It was therefore with some feeHngs of relief 
that they escaped many of the unpleasant ex- 
periences to which they had been subjected. 
Conditions could not be much worse. Besides 
they knew that the new land of America of- 
fered better and wider opportunities for ma- 
terial progress. It is difficult to imagine what 
emotions, hopes, and wonderments swayed the 
human heart in taking up the long and tedious 
journey which they must undergo. 

The company crossed directly over from 
their native land to Hull in England, where 
they were transferred from the boat to the 
railway cars to continue their journey on to 
Liverpool, the headquarters of the Mormon 
Church in Europe in those days. At that great 
seaport city they were lodged in a cheap" hotel 
m keeping with their material condition in life. 
As soon as preparations had been made, the 
company embarked upon the sailing ship West 
Moreland, whose captain's name was Deacon. 
The ship set sail on the 25th of April, and after 
five weeks reached its destination in Phila- 
delphia on the 2nd of June. 

Those early days about Philadelphia were 
most charming. The company was not long 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 15 

in making ascent up the bay and river until a 
landing place was reached. If any place in 
the vv^orld could give a foreigner an exalted im- 
pression of America, it was the scenery about 
that city. A little circumstance which occurred 
as they made their way up the river showed 
the general temper of those foreigners who 
were seeking homes in a distant land. They 
passed on their way an American man-of-war ; 
and as the emigrants beheld that emblem of 
national power, they raised their voices from 
the deck in loud intonations of cheers and hur- 
rahs. The captain of the battleship returned a 
salute of welcome to the foreigners by firing 
the guns from the ship. It was an auspicious 
welcome and unpremeditated, as it was a spon- 
taneous outburst of enthusiasm for their new 
fatherland. 

They were now prepared to take their de- 
parture from the vessel on which they re- 
joiced, suffered, sung, and prayed together. 
Besides, as the West Moreland lay in the har- 
bor at Liverpool, five young couples were mar- 
ried by a returning elder, whose name is given 
as John Kay. Their outburst of joy was soon 
turned to feelings of sadness by the unhappy 



16 JAMES JENSEN 

news that came to them of the assassination of 
Parley P. Pratt in Texas. Though not per- 
sonally known to the emigrants, they were fa- 
miliar with his writings. That wonderful 
book, 'The Voice of Warning," had been a 
most potent factor is arousing within them a 
new religious life, and the conviction that the 
new message which it proclaimed came from 
God. However, they were prepared to take up 
their journey westward. 

They were met by John Taylor and Angus 
M. Cannon on their landing in Philadelphia 
and directed and counseled by them in their 
future journey toward Zion. They were soon 
on their way, finally reaching Iowa City, the 
western terminus of the railroad in those early 
days. Upon reaching this place, they were 
escorted beyond the town a distance of three 
or four miles to a small grove through which 
a beautiful stream of water ran. Here was 
opened negotiations for their hand-carts, to 
which they were soon to hitch themselves in 
their journey across the plains. Much excite- 
ment naturally prevailed. The little money 
that the emigrants had at their command would 
not go far in the preparation for the journey 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 17 

of thirteen hundred and thirty-four miles in 
the most difficult mode of travel. The inactive 
life on the vessel and railroad was soon 
changed into the most strenuous exertions re- 
quired of men and women whose occupation 
was now to pull laboriously a rude two- 
wheeled wagon over the rolling hills of Iowa, 
through the sands of Nebraska, over the hills 
of Wyoming, and up over the plateaus, and 
through the mountains to the goal of their am- 
bitions. 

As the Saints of the hand-cart company, 
camped in the little grove a short distance from 
Iowa City, were carrying their preparations for 
the journey. forward, they were naturally in a 
more or less feverish state of excitement. Their 
anxiety made them restless and hastened their 
movements beyond the point of judicious pru- 
dence. All that then lay before them was en- 
tirel}^ new ; the well-built and well-kept roads 
of their native country were wholly unlike the 
pioneer trails they were soon to follow. They 
hardly heeded the old adage "Well begun, half 
done." In the first place their organization 
was an unsatisfactory one. Their chosen lead- 
er, after Cowley had left them to join the mule 



18 JAMES JENSEN 

teams, was a Scotchman, who could not under- 
stand their language and who was more or less 
unsympathetic in his demeanor toward them. 
They were a band of converts, confiding, trust- 
ing, and hopeful. In their religious zeal they 
did not make calculations for the weaknesses 
of human nature and were therefore disap- 
pointed- when they came to deal with the sel- 
fishness of some of their fellows. O. N. Lil- 
jenquist was appointed as assistant interpreter 
and accompanied the ox-teams and those emi- 
grants whose methods of traveling were more 
pleasant. 

At the outset, the Saints met their first seri- 
ous trouble. In preparing the hand-carts it 
was the plan to make them as light as possible 
consistent with the load they had to carry. 
These hand-carts consisted of two wheels and 
a wooden axle over which a shaft was at- 
tached. Over the axle and shaft, strips of 
wood were laid so as to form a bottom. The 
bottom of the box was made of canvas which 
covered the wooden strips. As they journeyed 
along the way with these crude carts, they 
constructed bows and cover so as to provide 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 19 

shelter from the sun and keep rain from the 
contents of the hand-carts. 

Upon leaving their native land, the Saints 
brought with them the choicest of their house- 
hold effects, which they believed they would be 
able to transport to their destination. There was 
extra clothing, some feather-beds, their best 
suits, some books and souvenirs which they 
dearly cherished. Much of this baggage had 
to be eliminated and it was not easy always to 
determine which they preferred to leave be- 
hind. They hoped that these treasures which 
their rude hand-carts w^ould not contain, would 
be kept by some friend or some brother or 
sister, who would somehow or other forward 
them on to Zion. In such expectations, how- 
ever, they were disappointed as these early 
treasures were so commingled that it was not 
easy to tell who the owner was. Cases of dire 
privations and suffering often made it neces- 
sary to use what was nearest at hand, so the 
effects often of one company of emigrants was 
laid under contribution to the necessities of 
those who followed. "We never heard any 
more about the things we left behind us," was 
the plaintive remark often heard from the lips 



20 JAMES JENSEN 

of the Saints, who, in Utah, often heartily 
wished they might come in possession of their 
cherished treasures. Some of these valuable 
possessions were sold, and the Saints, whether 
leaving their things to the care of some trusted 
person or whether selling them, shed tears of 
disappointment when they found themselves 
unable to take with them those little conveni- 
ences which they believed would be so helpful 
amid the hardships of their new pioneer homes. 
However, four mule teams were provided 
for the company for the purpose of hauling 
part of their provisions and also the helpless 
and sick along the journey. This arrange- 
ment, though, gave rise to discontent, as the 
teams were often ahead of the hand-carts in- 
stead of behind them to suport the men and 
women in their trying march across the rolling 
hills of Iowa. The Saints at the outset be- 
came disheartened because of their poorly- 
planned organization and because of the un- 
feeling manner in which they were treated 
by those in charge of the teams. The cour- 
age that comes from the spirit of good cheer 
and the exhilarating affects of a happy enthu- 
siasm were wanting to the toilers of this hand- 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 21 

cart company of 1857. Numbers of emi- 
grants took sick along the road and of those 
quite a number died. Finally, the emigrants, 
driven to great extremity, made a collection of 
the little money that had been carefully treas- 
ured^ among them and purchased an ox-team, 
whose movements and assistance they could 
control. The ox-team was purchased from a 
passing farmer, and the sick and infirm emi- 
grants were given such meagre accommoda- 
tions as could be provided by this ox-team and 
wagon. It was to them a hospital, given in 
charge of C. C. A. Christensen. He relates 
that at times there were as many as twenty 
persons in the one wagon and that he himself 
walked the entire distance of 334 miles across 
Iowa to the ^lissouri River at Florence. 

Florence at this time was a way-station at 
which new equipments were received and such 
preparations were made as the experience 
across Iowa had taught the Saints were nec- 
essary. Many of the Saints were disheartened 
and in their gloomy discouragement were illy 
prepared to take up the new march of a thou- 
sand miles which lay before them. Some few 
were unwilHng to move forward under the un- 



22 JAMES JENSEN 

happy conditions which surrounded them thus 
far on their journey. Their leadership was 
wholly unsatisfactory. They needed some man 
in whom they had confidence, a man familiar 
with their language, their customs and their 
needs, a man who could awaken within them a 
new zeal and a helpful enthusiasm. Their needs 
were happily provided by one who fortunate- 
ly met them at this time, a man whose name 
has always been held in loving remembrance 
by those who cheerfully accepted him as their 
leader and to whom they yielded their loyalty 
and devotion. While the Saints were at Flor- 
ence, somewhat distracted over their past ex- 
periences, they were joined by a body of emi- 
grants from Iowa and St. Louis. Among 
these emigrants was a Danish missionary who 
had been in Utah and who had been remem- 
bered with feelings of affection and admira- 
tion by the Saints in their native land before 
he had even emigrated to Zion. He was in 
the midst of his preparation to join the ox- 
team company of Saints. When the condi- 
tion of the hand-cart company became known 
to the emigrant agent, James A. Little, this 
new leader. Christian Christiansen, was ap- 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 23 

pointed to take charge of the hand-cart com- 
pany. His appointment was hailed with de- 
light. How helpful the spirit of good cheer 
and loving confidence is to the burdened soul 
was wonderfully manifested in the eagerness 
with which those Danish Saints renewed their 
journey. 

Christiansen was a man with capacity to lead 
and to inspire confidence. He began at once 
to appoint the captains for the four divi- 
sions into which the company was organized. 
The company at this time consisted of 544 
persons. They had, all-told, 68 hand-carts, 
3 wagons, 10 mules, and 1 cow, but the cow 
did not long survive on the journey. The 
captains of this company were C. C. N. Dorius, 
Ferdinand Dorius, C. C A. Christensen, and 
O. C. Olsen. 

They left Florence on the 3rd of July on 
their march over the trails which the pioneers 
had made ten years before. The subject of 
this sketch was one of that band of toiling 
travelers. Misfortune overtook him and the 
rest of his family when only two miles out 
from Florence. They broke one of the wheels 
and were obliged to return for repairs. In 



24 JAMES JENSEN 

the midst of that band of emigrants might 
have been seen the elder Jensen and his fam- 
ily, toiling to move their two-wheeled vehicle 
over the sandy plains of Nebraska. The father 
and his son James constituted the wheel-team 
and younger brother and sister Karen were 
leaders. The mother pushed on the cart from 
the rear and opposite her a small boy seven 
years old trudged along, hanging to the 
cart and making his way the best he could. In 
that rude cart there lay, for some distance on 
the journey, the youngest child, a child be- 
tween one and two years of age. The journey 
was indeed trying upon the infants who con- 
stituted a part of those emigrants. The little 
Sophia, by name, lay sick and suffering, and 
over its emaciated form the mother gazed in 
constant anxiety and with feelings of intense 
distress. She did all that lay in her power to 
provide it with such comfort as could be found 
upon such a journey. Her cares, her anxieties, 
and her tears proved futile ; and when at last 
her little one succumbed, it was placed away 
in mother earth with only such provisions for 
burial as could be provided under such cir- 
cumstances. A sieve was placed over its face 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 25 

and its little form covered by the earth that 
was taken from its grave. 

Their captain was compelled to make new 
arrangements as the Saints progressed on their 
journey. The burdens among them became, 
from one circumstance or another, more and 
more uneven. As men and women lost their 
strength their loads had to be lightened and the 
stronger were required to share the burdens 
of the weak. In this company were four girls, 
strong, hearty and happy. Their equipments 
were lighter than those families whose loads 
were incumbered by one or more small chil- 
dren. These good souls — their names would be 
recorded on these pages if they had been kept'^ 
— have ever been held in grateful remembrance 
by those they so cheerfully and lovingly aided 
in their trying journey with hand-carts across 
the plains. 

The first night on this journey was passed 
at Papio creek, where the conditions of the 
hand-cart company were more closely exam- 
ined. An examination was made of the physi- 
cal conditions of the emigrants. Their wise 



* The names of two are, Christina Green, Mrs. 
Laurentzen (Lund). 



26 JAMES JENSEN 

captain and his counselors had before them the 
intense suffering of the hand-cart company 
which had crossed the plains the year before. 
The warning which the misfortunes of that 
company carried with it could not be disre- 
garded and every effort was made to thin the 
ranks by requiring those who were not suit- 
ably prepared for the journey to return to 
Florence and await later opportunities to reach 
the Valleys. 

Although the company had been furnished 
four mule teams to be used for the support 
of the emigrants, those in charge of the teams 
were still unmindful of their duties to their 
plodding brethren and sisters. They continued 
to go ahead instead of remaining behind and 
were therefore a source perhaps of as much 
annoyance as they were of assistance. There 
were aged people and those in poor health 
who had to be turned back, eager as they 
were to proceed and willing as they were to 
take their chances against the certain failure 
that lay before them. Among those turned 
back was a Swede by the name of Hulberg. 
He had a wife and two small children; and 
believing that the wife was too feeble for the 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 27 

journey, he was advised to remain in Florence. 
The disappointment was more than he could 
endure, and after the company had started on 
he determined to proceed in its rear unde- 
tected until it would be too late for him to 
look backward. After the company had trav- 
eled a distance of fifty miles, he again joined 
it. Much of the way he had carried his chil- 
dren and even his wife upon the cart which 
he was able to pull by means of his superior 
strength and irresistible desire to reach the 
land of Zion. 

On the 9th of July the company reached the 
Elkhorn River and were soon carried across 
the stream. Two days later they reached the 
Platte and on the 16th came to Loup Fork, 
one of the tributaries of that river. Here a 
more difficult and somewhat dangerous exper- 
ience awaited the emigrants. The river at the 
point where they were to ford it was nearly a 
mile wide. Its frequent sand-bars and quick- 
sands and deep holes made it necessary to 
secure rehable guides across the stream. For 
this purpose Indians familiar with the stream 
were brought into service. It was necessary 
to raise the boxes of the wagons so as not to 



'«., * 



^ 



28 JAMES JENSEN 

damage their contents and to hitch to each 
of them something Hke ten yoke of oxen. 
The empty hand-carts were pulled across, 
by the strongest members of the company, 
and the women folk were placed on the 
backs of horses behind the Indians where they 
were often compelled to cling to the nude 
bodies of their protectors and guides. Speak- 
ing of his experience at Loup Fork, James says 
that in his hand-cart the little children were 
placed, and that when^ in the deepest parts of 
the stream the water raised so high that there 
was barely enough room for the children to 
breath above the current of the water in which 
they were sitting in the space below the cover. 
The task at Loup Fork was full of difficulties 
and required something like two days to ac- 
complish. The good captain used every pre- 
caution to keep those who were wading in the 
stream from being swept down by its swift 
current. It was even necessary to shift their 
course, as the quick-sand changed the bed of 
the stream, in order to avoid the deep places 
which had been cut out in that treacherous 
river. No accidents occurred ; they all re- 



A^^?3 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 29 

joiced in the good fortune which their care 
and prudence had vouchsafed to them. 

At this point N. V. Jones and others were 
engaged in the erection of houses so as to af- 
ford a settlement from which the passing emi- 
grants might obtain suppHes and where those 
who through sickness or other reasons were 
unable to continue their journey might receive 
support. Two families from this company on 
account of sickness were obliged to remain 
in the new settlement on Loup Fork, 

During the journey care had to be observed 
in safe-guarding emigrants against the dangers 
of a water famine. It is true that they re- 
mained not far in their course from the Platte 
River. Sometimes, however, it was necessary, 
to move inland in order to obtain better roads, 
and special precaution had to be taken to reach 
regularly at night some suitable watering place. 
The 19th of July was a memorable day in the 
company's experiences. Through the deep 
sands and up and down the hills they pulled 
their hand-carts a distance of seventeen miles. 
The struggling efforts of human beings under 
such conditions are almost impossible to im- 
agine. It was a severe strain upon the physical 



30 JAMES JENSEN 

strength of the men and women who toiled al- 
most to the point of exhaustion. Indeed, some 
of the emigrants were so overcome by the 
superhuman efforts required of them that they 
fell exhausted by the way-side and were unable 
to reach the camp at night. All day long they 
had toiled without water. Their thirst became 
almost unbearable when at night, in their fail- 
ure to find a watering place, they were com- 
pelled to lie down in their famished condition. 
They brought up those from the rear, and the 
following day the company reached Wood 
River in a famished condition and in a spirit of 
gratitude and prayer. 

These hand-cart companies were made up of 
all classes. They were not picked men as those 
were who constituted the first pioneers, and 
it may truthfully be said of them that their 
heroic efforts beyond question surpassed per- 
haps any other journey known in the history 
of the world. The tasks of the women were 
of course not completed at the close of the 
day's journey. Food had to be prepared, chil- 
dren cared for by the loving ministrations of 
devoted mothers. Women were not infrequent- 
ly in a delicate condition. At Wood River, the 














5 



:^ -r 

o "^ 
U 

H 

U 

I 
Q 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 31 

wife of Niels Sorensen, after the exhausting 
journey and in a famished condition, gave birth 
to a baby girl. She had retired into the brush 
where her accouchment was accomplished by 
the aid of devoted friends. So delicately was 
the matter treated that the circumstances of the 
new birth were unknown to most of the com- 
pany. On the morning following she appeared 
again with her infant in her apron ready to 
pursue the journey. She had not murmured; 
her courageous and devoted soul knew no ob- 
stacles to the goal of her ambition. However, 
the tender regard that was felt for her in such 
trying circumstances led to the preparation of 
such comforts as could be provided on such a 
journey, and she was placed in one of the wag- 
ons where she remained until able again to 
take up her march in the line of the hand- 
cart train. The home of that noble mother 
was later located in Alonroe, Sevier county, 
where the child grew up to womanhood and 
became, in time, a grandmother. She is still 
a resident of the town. 

As the summer advanced, the watering 
places became more scarce. Only those who 
have felt the famished condition that comes 



32 JAMES JENSEN 

from hours of toil without the aid of water to 
quench the thirst and moisten the parched lips 
of the traveler, can even imagine the sufferings 
which the traveler must undergo. Strong men 
felt the hardship and suffering from the heat 
and the burning sun under which they labor- 
iously struggled, hitched to their wagons. On 
the 3rd of August, one of their number, a man 
only thirty-six years old, succumbed. His feet 
became so swollen that it was impossible for 
him to walk. *'We got him into the hind end of 
a wagon but he died before we reached camp 
and water." 

On the 9th of August the hand-cart company 
of 1857 reached Fort Laramie on the Platte 
River on the north side of which they camped 
but a short time. Here new conditions of trav- 
eling awaited them. They were soon to enter 
the Black Hills. Leaving the river, the task of 
obtaining water became more hazardous, al- 
though the grass and the cedar wood were 
more abundant. While traveling through these 
hills they one day unknowingly passed the only 
watering place to be found along that day's 
journey. To add to their discomfiture, they were 
obliged to pass the night in their famished con- 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 33 

dition without even the shelter of the tents 
which had been carried on in the wagons by 
thoughtless men who were over-anxious to 
reach their destination, and who often neg- 
lected the burdened Saints in these long 
stretches of travel over the rolling hills and 
difficult roads. Here one of the aged Saints, 
father of the Folkman brothers, was lost. For 
a whole day a search was kept up to find him. 
He had ventured on what he thought was a 
cut-off that he might quench his thirst by water 
which he hoped to find. In his famished and 
exhausted condition he was discovered by some 
trappers who kindly brought him back to the 
company from which he had wandered. 

As might naturally be expected, the ward- 
robe of the hand-cart company was very much 
limited. Those tiny wagons were insufficient 
to provide the necesssary supply of food. The 
wear and tear on such a journey gave their 
clothing the appearance of destitution. Per- 
haps the most tolerable circumstance which 
made them more or less indifferent to their ap- 
pearance was the fact that they were all on 
equal footing. However, they were not with- 
out hope and consequently felt the enjoyment 



34 JAMES JENSEN 

that comes from the expectation of better days. 
Their enthusiasm often broke out in songs and 
peals of mirth. 

It would be strange indeed, if in 5uch a com- 
pany some amusement did not come from in- 
stances of a mirth promoting character. James, 
in his native land, had never known such a 
thing as a prickly-pear. His introduction to 
this peculiar inhabitant of the deserts and 
plains made a somewhat lasting impression up- 
on him. On such a journey shoes would be 
the first article of clothing to yield to the ex- 
cessive use to which they were put. When 
the company reached the upper waters of the 
Platte in the uplands of Wyoming, they were 
indeed quite generally a barefooted band of pil- 
grims. If their feet were protected, it was be- 
cause of all sorts of devices to which they re- 
sorted to make their leather the most service- 
able. James, now sixteen years of age, was 
the wheel-man in the team opposite his father. 
During those long, tedious days over the 
parched land, they found themselves in want 
of suitable water and sometimes without any 
liquid whatever to quench their thirst. He re- 
lates that one evening he started out with oth- 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 35 

ers in search of water. The prickly-pears could 
not be seen while he was making his way back 
to the camp after nightfall, and his feet clad in 
old socks to which his mother had sewed can- 
vas soles were often planted on the thorny 
points of these desert plants, which produced 
the most painful sensation. Those who have 
known something of this prince of briars will 
appreciate the excruciating pain from which 
the emigrants suffered when they came in con- 
tact with them. ''On my return to the camp," 
he says, ''I was unable to pick my way. One 
of my feet would no longer endure the pain. I 
was obliged to stop and remove the prickly- 
pears from my feet. Once they were so bad 
I was obliged to sit down to remove them. 
To my horrified surprise I sat on a bunch of 
prickly-pears." The predicament was so un- 
usual, the surprise so painful, that the circum- 
stance has always remained a land-mark in his 
recollections of those hand-cart days. 

The above circumstance was perhaps not so 
mirth provoking as one which is related of an 
old man whose sense of smell had been com- 
pletly destroyed. He had wandered some dis- 
tance from the company when he ran across 



36 JAMES JENSEN 

what was to him a strange and pecuHar ani- 
mal. May be it was suitable for food ; he did 
not know. However, he would make the ex- 
periment, kill it if he could, and let those in 
camp say whether, from their knowledge of it 
and their experiences in the wild west, it was 
fit for human consumption. Taking his cane 
he pursued the animal until it was overtaken, 
and by the blows which he rendered, it was 
finally killed. He threw the little striped ani- 
mal over his shoulder and started for the com- 
pany, with the game he had procured. Some- 
time before he reached the midst of his friends 
he discovered them retreating in horror. The 
skunk which had not disturbed him in the 
least was detestable to the sense of smell of his 
friends. The old man was saturated by the 
odor; his presence was unbearable. A change 
of clothing where no extra clothing was to be 
had could not relieve the situation. After 
reaching Deer Creek station, where the old 
gentleman met his son, he remained over for 
the rest of the season and later came on to the 
Valleys. 

At Deer Creek, a number of Mormons were 
busily engaged in erecting a station for the ac- 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 37 

commodation of emigrants and for the express 
company which at that time was established be- 
tween the Missouri River and Great Salt Lake 
City. This station, however, was abandoned 
on the approach of the army. It may here be 
said that while the Saints were pulling their 
rude hand-carts on the north side of the river, 
the soldiers of the United States army were 
marching along the south bank to put down a 
rebelHon in Utah, a rebellion that had no other 
existence than in the imagination of those who 
had received with credulity the utterly false re- 
ports sent out to create enmity toward the Mor- 
mon people. What the soldiers and the officers 
thought of this motley company, the hand-cart 
train of men and women, we are not permitted 
to know. Marching against those, whose relig- 
ious devotion and self-sacrifice were so manifest, 
must have, however, often appealed to the more 
intelligent soldiers as something both contradic- 
tory and absurd. The commissary train of 
the army, however, much of the way moved 
along the north bank of the river, sometimes 
close to the hand-cart company. Nothing of 
an unpleasant nature occurred. The provis- 
ions of the army were ample and the soldier? 



38 JAMES JENSEN 

enjoyed an abundance of food, while their 
hand-cart traveHng companions were often in 
dire distress. The bacon that the company 
brought with it from the Missouri River soon 
became wholly unfit for use, a stench m the 
nostrils of the Saints, and they were finally 
obliged to throw much of it away. 

One circumstance, however, of the journey 
of the commissary is called to mind when it 
reached the Sweet Water. There one of Uncle 
Sam's fat oxen had one of its feet crushed by a 
wagon which ran over it. In that condition it 
was of course thought unfit by the captain for 
the food of his men. "He walked up to where 
we were standing, and in a half-joking manner 
said, 'You may have that ox, I guess you 
need it.' " The emigrants were not at that time 
in a physical condition to discuss matters of 
hygiene. For several weeks they had been 
without meat and their supply of flour was so 
low that they had been compelled to re-divide 
their rations. It was remarkable that although 
they passed through large herds of buffaloes on 
the plains they did not venture to kill any of 
them. They were afraid, they said, of the 
stampede that might ensue and the trouble 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 39 

which might come to them. The fact is, no 
doubt, that the emigrants were not hunters, that 
they had Httle or no amuntion, and were there- 
fore not in a position to enjoy a supply of suit- 
able meat which they might have had, had they 
been more frontiersmen than emigrants from 
Scandinavia. 

As they began to ascend the eastern plateau 
of the Rock Mountains they met teams bring- 
ing on supplies of flour which they had the 
opportunity to purchase. They gave in se- 
curity their hand-cart equipments ; and the obli- 
gation which they assumed to pay for the flour 
which had been sent to their relief meant in re- 
turn the help they would be able to give in 
days to come to other emigrants in need of as- 
^^stance. They needed 9,200 pounds, they es- 
timated, to carry them on the remainder of the 
journey of 300 miles to Salt Lake. The supply 
was insuflicient, however, and at Fort Bridger, 
they were again obliged to take in a new 
supply. 

"On the 22nd of August we arrived at Dev- 
il's Gate, and finally, when within about thirty 
miles of Salt Lake City we were met by teams 
that brought for our nourishment bread, cake, 



40 JAMES JENSEN 

and fruit. Among the sick and those well-nigh 
worn out, the fruit was divided as a delicacy." 
These provisions not only gave strength to the 
bodies that were already greatly emaciated 
from the long journey over the plains, but 
filled their hearts with courage and gave them 
the assurance of the loving welcome they 
would receive when they clasped the hands of 
their brothers and sisters in their new homes. 
The closing scene of that memorable journey 
brought about a test between human endu- 
rance and the endurance of the animals, the 
mule teams, which had been assigned to the 
help of the emigrants on the journey. Wearied 
though the emigrants were, they reached their 
destination in a better condition than the mule 
teams which were so well inured to hardships. 
"When we came to the last steep hills of the 
mountain sides, our mules were so weak that 
the emigrants were obliged to help them over 
by the aid of ropes. On the l3th of Septem- 
ber, a Sunday, we marched with feelings of 
thankfulness and grand expectations into the 
city of the Saints. One out of every ten of our 
number died on the journey." 

Thus ended the march of the hand-cart com- 



IN THE HAND-CART COMPANY OF 1857. 41 

pany of 1857. It is perhaps to be regretted 
that more detailed information and more ac- 
curate feelings and thoughts of the Saints un- 
der these trying conditions have not come down 
to us. Perhaps it is well that the veil has been 
drawn tenderly and mercifully over so many 
of the events that were, no doubt, in all the his- 
tory of our pioneer days the most touching. It 
is not too much to say that had those bands 
of sturdy enthusiastic emigrants not possessed 
the courage that comes from religious hope^ 
most of them would have lain down by the 
roadside and passed into eternity long before 
it was possible to reach the goal of their re- 
ligious ambition. 



42 JAMES JENSEN 



CHAPTER III. 

EARLY LIFE IN UTAH 

James Jensen, who arrived in Utah with his 
parents on September 13, 1857, was one of 
many thousands of emigrants who looked upon 
the valley of the Great Salt Lake with joyful 
anticipations. The conditions which then sur- 
rounded him were unlike those familiar scenes 
of his native land. The arrival of emigrants 
ten years after the pioneers had discovered the 
mountain fastnesses which was to be their fu- 
ture home had already become a commonplace 
event. The surroundings of the emigrants 
were all strange, the labor was new, and social 
conditions were peculiar to American life rath- 
er than to the life of those who came from 
foreign countries, especially from Scandinavia. 

The emigrants, however, found in their 
brothers and sisters in Salt Lake Valley a 
friendship and interest which gave encourage- 
ment and hope to the new-comers. Every 
effort was made to provide them with the 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 43 

special care of some kind friend who would 
introduce them to the new life they were about 
to undertake. ''Bishop Taft of the 9th ward," 
said the subject of this sketch, ''offered his 
fatherly counsel and aid in behalf of my father 
and his family. He was a kind-hearted, good 
man, and we have always respected him high- 
ly for the interest he manifested toward us. 
He provided what work he could, turned over 
to us a five-acre piece of land to cultivate, and 
taught us how to haul wood with his ox-team 
from the canyon. We had never been familiar 
with the work peculiar to the people in those 
days. My father had really never seen a yoke 
of oxen hitched together for service. He may 
therefore be excused if he put the yoke on up- 
side down. However, we were not long in 
adapting ourselves to our new employment 
and we took up our tasks in a vigorous man- 
ner." 

In those days the old fort in the southwest 
part of the city had been abandoned. At dif- 
ferent places around the city part of the old 
mud walls, which were intended to make it a 
fort, could still be seen. The fields in those 
days extended as far north as ninth south. 



44 JAMES JENSEN 

The houses generally were small and made of 
adobes. Speaking of the condition of the 
soil, Bishop Jensen says that it was not con- 
sidered very good southeast of the city. "East 
of Liberty Park it consisted largely of a hard 
clay and had to be worked and manured be- 
fore it could be made very productive." 

In the old country the father had owned a 
home which he sold for eight hundred dol- 
lars. That amount was insufficient to bring 
the family to Zion. The father was here with 
a large family with just such scanty clothing 
and comforts as could be brought in a hand- 
cart. Rented houses in those days were quite 
out of the question. The emigrants began at 
once to construct such habitations as limited 
opportunities and time enabled them to erect. 
The father, therefore, entered into an ar- 
rangement with one, Hans Christenson, by 
which the two purchased jointly a house of 
two rooms for their two families in the 10th 
ward of the city. "Such accommodations were 
meagre, but they provided," said the good 
Bishop, "more room than we had furniture to 
occupy. The crop of that year was fairly 
good. My father and I worked in the fields 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 45 

and on the canal, while my mother and sister 
gleaned wheat. Together we rejoiced in the 
plentiful supply that came to us. One side of 
our room was set apart as a wheat-bin." 

He had not been long in his new home when 
he was pressed into military service. The 
army, whose march he had witnessed along the 
Platte River, was held back in the Rocky 
Mountains until an appeal could be made to the 
Federal Government to make an examination 
of actual conditions in Utah. At that time 
James Jensen w^as a boy of only sixteen. He 
was hardly familiar with the language, but he 
accepted the call to the front and was enlisted 
in Walker's Company in the so-called Echo 
Canyon war. 

It was in the winter season, provisions were 
scanty, and the means of comfort were meagre. 
Much of the work of the soldiers in those days 
consisted of guard duty. "I was detailed," he 
said, ''to night guard and my shift was from 
1 1 :00 p. m. to 2 :00 a. m. We were not per- 
mitted to walk to and fro as guards in the 
regular service now move when on duty. We 
were obliged to lie down so as to keep our- 
selves concealed from the enemy. The guard 



46 JAMES JENSEN 

was often placed at a considerable distance up 
the mountain on a ridge or on some prominent 
point for observation while his companions of 
the night guard slept on the ground farther 
down the hillside in some secluded spot that 
protected them as much as possible from the 
cold winds. I was an old country boy and did 
not of course understand what it all meant. 
It was so strange, the country was wild and 
weird, and I often naturally became frightened 
because of my strange situation in the lonely 
mountains where we were threatened by an 
army that had been sent up against us. It is 
not difficult under such circumstances for the 
imagination to change all sorts of objects, 
rocks, trees, and bushes into soldiers and mov- 
ing armies." 

Not only were the surroundings strange to 
this emigrant boy, but the movements were 
often beyond his understanding and he was in 
the midst of those who spoke to him a strange 
language. The orders of his superiors were 
often either misunderstood or not comprehend- 
ed. He was among those who marched around 
the hillside, up and down, to and fro, across 
the country that their numbers might be exag- 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 47 

gerated in the fears and minds of the army. 
Some of the generals and the new governor 
thought the mountains were full of men, and 
Johnston's army was therefore restrained by 
the fear which such tactics created within 
them. 

There was a striking contrast in the com- 
forts of the soldiers of the government and 
that anxious band of volunteers who were 
holding back an invading army till the Presi- 
dent could learn the truth of the statements 
upon which he had hastily acted. The former 
had provisions at that time in wasteful abun- 
dance; the latter, not unfrequently, felt the 
pangs of hunger, and the best they had was 
a scanty supply and a limited variety. This 
young Danish boy had not yet learned to ad- 
just himself to a mountaineer's life. "About 
the best meal I ever ate," he related, "was af- 
ter a period during which we were without 
food. I looked up an empty flour sack, turned 
it inside out, and carefully brushed from it 
every particle of flour. The little I could get 
I mixed with some water so as to make a pan- 
cake which I cooked on the coals. It made 



48 JAMES JENSEN 

me a delicious meal for which I was very 
grateful." 

As soon as the winter's campaign in Echo 
Canyon was ended, the boy returned to his 
home — the home where he expected the greet- 
ings of loving and anxious parents. To his 
surprise it had been deserted. The father and 
family with their old friend, the hand-cart, had 
joined the Move southward and had located in 
Lehi. Neighbors had also left their homes. 
While he stood in the midst of the desolate 
scene which surrounded him, he felt the sad- 
ness and loneliness of his disappointed hopes. 
While anxiously viewing the situation and 
wondering what move to make next, his father 
appeared with the hand-cart. The boy joined 
him on his return to Lehi where the family 
had located a new home. Here he was occu- 
pied for some time in the construction of a 
dam which made the mill-pond for the wate^ 
power of the old Mulner mill where later the 
great Lehi Sugar Factory was built. 

Next year the Saints returned to Salt Lake 
City. "We sold our home," said Bishop Jen- 
sen, "for a few yards of calico and returned to 
Salt Lake, where we bought out Hans Chris- 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 49 

tensen's interest in the home he and my father 
had jointly purchased. We now had a house 
of two rooms, more room than we knew what 
to do with." The enlarged home became the 
center of a family life which James enjoyed 
until he reached the twenty-fourth year of his 
manhood. About it his early affections cen- 
tered, and the industrious life of its inmates 
soon began to bring some measure of comfort 
and independence. Each year brought more 
conveniences, better accommodations, and a 
higher standard of living. "We lived," he 
said, "in those times very much as our neigh- 
bors lived; the articles of our food were, of 
course, limited. Our diet consisted chiefly of 
bread, and of molasses which my mother made 
from beets. Butter, in the beginning, we made 
out of squash, and in time we came to enjoy 
the use of meat which in earlier days had been 
very scarce. Our clothing was all home- 
made. My mother spun the wool, but my 
father who was used to the loom, wove the 
cloth; and when we compared our circum- 
stances with those of our neighbors, I think 
we did very well." 

After the old home life had been resumed. 



50 JAMES JENSEN 

the Jensen family made new friends and found 
new occupations. The Bishop of the ward in 
those days was more famihar than he is now 
with the condition of every family entrusted to 
his care. His paternal responsibility brought 
him into intimate relations with this little 
flock. Those were days, too, of great anxiety ; 
they were days when the people were constant- 
ly reminded of their helpless, dependent con- 
dition. The grasshopper and other insects and 
thousands of difficulties in an undeveloped 
land made them feel doubly dependent on the 
Lord they had chosen to worship. "Petti- 
grew," he said, "was our Bishop and we often 
worked his ox-team on shares. He was a 
good man and manifested great confidence to- 
wards us. I remember in our relations with 
Bishop Pettigrew that on one occasion he lost 
his yoke of oxen. It was his -custom to go in 
the evening at the close of the labors of the 
day to the meetinghouse to pray; men sought 
then divine aid for their immediate needs, di- 
vine help in extracting them from difficulties 
peculiar to those times. Our good Bishop, 
therefore, prayed about his oxen. He sin- 
cerely believed that the Lord would help him 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 51 

to find them. He came to me next morning 
after thus engaging in prayer and said, 'James, 
I have had a dream in which I was shown that 
you had found my team, and I wish therefore 
that you would go in search of them.' In 
response to the Bishop's request I set out in 
the morning for a place called Dry Creek. As 
I went up the canyon I reached the forks of 
the road; one went to the right, the other to 
the left. I did not know which one to take ; I 
therefore knelt down and asked the Lord to 
direct me and when I arose I followed the im- 
pression that came over me and took a direct 
line to the place where the cattle which Bishop 
Pettigrew had lost were feeding. I turned 
them back and reached the Bishop's home with 
the cattle by noon that day." The exhibition 
of such faith, the simplicity of such worship, 
the sincere heartfelt reliance on the guidance 
of a divine being characterized the faithful 
men and women of those times. In such mani- 
festations of faith it is easy to comprehend 
the fervent and devoted lives of the men and 
women whose wonderful faith then made the 
desert blossom like the rose. The simple life 
and heartfelt devotion of those early days re- 



52 JAMES JENSEN 

veal to us the process by which the character 
and Hves of such men as James Jensen have 
been developed. 

About this time there came to this young 
man a new employment. Brigham Young 
was an excellent judge of men; and those 
whose aid he sought, whose counsel he needed 
were gathered around to promote his own in- 
dividual interests as well as the general good 
of the Church. Men who thus came into his 
employ were those whose worthiness had come 
to his attention and whose reputation made 
them desirable in his service. The young man 
now began his first employment under Brig- 
ham Young in City Creek Canyon about six 
miles from the limits of the city. Here he 
engaged in hauling logs to President Young's 
sawmill. He was no longer a novice in the 
work and was already familiar with canyon 
Hfe. "Le Grande Young," he says, "was in 
those days the foreman of the mill. He was a 
splendid boss," he continued, "and always 
manifested a sympathetic feeling for the wel- 
fare of the men. I can well remember how he 
insisted that we should be well cared for and 
that we have plenty of good food to eat. The 



EARLY LIFE LV UTAH. 53 

boys all learned to like Le Grande, for they 
considered him one of them. I remember on 
one occasion that President Young came to 
the mill to see how the work was getting on. 
I happened to be there with my load then, and 
was in the act of rolling off the logs, when 
President Young shouted, 'Stop, James, and I 
will show you how to get that log ofif in an 
easier way.' He mounted the wagon, ar- 
ranged the blocks, and taught me something 
new. I thought at that time I was a very 
good hand at that kind of work, but I appre- 
ciated the lesson which I learned from our 
leader who knew a great deal more about un- 
loading logs than I did." 

Not many years had elapsed before this young 
man was thoroughly initiated into his new life. 
If he made his labors profitable to others, it is 
quite natural that he soon came to learn that 
they could be made profitable to himself. He 
therefore left the city for a season and labored 
at Willow Springs in Nevada. Here he ac- 
cumulated money sufficient to buy himself a 
yoke of cattle. He was now a capitalist with 
property of his own and dreamed dreams of 
future progress. He saw openings before 



54 JAMES JENSEN 

him, new opportunities to make money, and 
to get on in the world. However, his devotion 
to his rehgion and the needs of the Church 
were always uppermost in his mind. He was 
therefore ready for any call that might come 
to him, and in the spring of 1862 the new call 
came. Men and teams were badly needed to 
bring the emigrants from the frontier on the 
Missouri River to the Valleys of the Mountains. 
He had a good team and it was needed and 
placed at the service of the Bishop, who sent 
it that year to bring out the emigrants. The 
boy was again compelled to take up his work 
single-handed. However, he was not dis- 
heartened and did not complain. He set his 
hand to work at whatever could be found to 
do and worked that season for Brigham 
Young. When the company returned, one of 
his oxen was missing. As soan as possible he 
purchased a new animal to complete his team. 
Men were not allowed in those days to neg- 
lect the general requirements of the Church. 
In the summer of '63 its needs were as great 
as in preceding years. ''This time," he says, 
*T was not only required to furnish a team but 
was asked to go myself. I had assigned to me 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 55 

a team of four yoke of oxen, three yoke con- 
sisted of steers that gave me a great deal of 
trouble in the beginning. I remember that 
when we left the city \yq made our way up 
Parley's Canyon. When we reached a place 
just beyond Hardy's Ranch, my team became 
unmanageable and finally tipped over my wag- 
on and scattered the provisions about on the 
ground. John Wooley of Centervilie was the 
captain of our company, and I remember how 
greatly he was annoyed at what he evidently 
thought was my stupidity in permitting my 
team to get the best of me. The team was 
large and though I had had much experience 
in breaking steers, I no doubt appeared some- 
what awkward to the captain. On reaching 
the Missouri River we were obliged to remain 
six weeks waiting for a company of emigrants. 
As soon as they arrived we began our journey 
to the Valleys." 

"Of course there were many novel and cu- 
rious experiences in such emigrant trains. The 
teamsters were already initiated into frontier 
life and they were familiar with their ani- 
mals and the methods of their employment. 
The emigrants were bewildered. The new life 



56 JAMES JENSEN 

was all strange to them, and it was not easy 
to blend their peculiar thoughts and feelings 
with those of the teamsters. Often the team- 
sters were rough and uncouth and reckless in 
their manners. Sometimes there were among 
the Saints men and women of very peculiar 
dispos-itions ; some were contrary, others were 
stubborn or obstinate, and they often gave the 
captain a great deal of trouble. I remember," 
he continued, "when we got in the Black Hills 
that one of the women became very arbitrary 
and the teamster with whom she was riding 
found it very difficult to get along with her. He 
sometimes wished her to walk uphill; and on 
one occasion, when the road ahead of him was 
steep and heavy, he asked her to get out of the 
wagon and walk up the hill. Instead of going 
along with the team, she turned and went back 
down the hill. It was believed that she would 
come along with the others, but the next morn- 
ing she was missing. Immediately, four of 
the guards were sent back in search of her. 
Among them I remember one, Nathan Davis. 
A considerable time was given to search for 
her, when at last she was found and put in 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 57 

charge of another train that was coming on to 
the Valleys." 

When relating these circumstances, the Bish- 
op was reminded of another mstance which 
turns some light upon the difficulties that the 
captains and emigrants often encountered in 
dealing with some very peculiar and often ug- 
ly dispositions of some testy emigrants. ''With 
one of the trains," he said, ''there was a wom- 
an, the wife of a man whose name was Grund- 
vigson, who gave her husband unceasing trou- 
ble along the way. Finally in a fit of anger 
she declared that she would rather live with 
the Indians than to continue with him. Not 
long after this outburst of anger, a number of 
Indians catne along, seized the woman, and be- 
fore they could be restrained, galloped off with 
their captive. Every effort was made to learn 
of her whereabouts, and I remember that Brig- 
ham Young did all that he could to recover her. 
It was stated that after some years of cap- 
tivity, she finally married an Indian chief but 
she was never returned to her husband who 
subsequently married again." 

It was during this return trip from the Mis- 
souri River that Joseph F. Smith returned from 



58 JAMES JENSEN 

his mission to Europe. He had already served 
as a missionary on the Sandwich Islands. The 
returning elder was appointed chaplain of the 
company and at once began to interest himself 
in the spiritual welfare of the teamsters, some 
of whom were in a large measure the victims 
of a reckless spirit, characteristic of frontier 
life. These young men, faithful in the labor- 
ious duties which they had to perform, were of- 
ten indifferent in their religious duties. There 
was a disposition among them to get all the 
pleasure they could out of every employment. 
They indulged in excessive jest and saw the 
ridiculous side of things where ridicule could 
be found. Their chaplain finally determined to 
ask the teamsters to take turn in praying. "I 
was the first one called," said James Jensen, 
"and made the effort according to my best un- 
derstanding. After I had finished, and was 
later alone with the teamsters, they jestingly 
wanted to know in what language I had been 
praying. I suppose I stammered, and perhaps 
felt in my embarrassment the Jesting I was 
likely to meet. However, the chaplain did not 
succeed after that, as I remember, in getting 
another teamster to pray; the prayers were 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 59 

all conducted by himself and the emigrants." 
On his return to the city he took up again 
his religious duties and accepted such employ- 
ment as those times opened to him. In the 
10th ward he served as a deacon, kept the 
house clean and in order, and performed that 
old-time duty of the deacon to snuff the candles 
which soon became dim if not thus attended 
to. The candles that mothers used to make in 
those days were comparatively useless without 
the accompanying snuffer. 

After sundry occupations the young man 
found employment with Cooley of Grantsville, 
whose business it was, in those days, to freight 
provisions from Camp Floyd, south of Salt 
Lake City, to Fort Hall, some distance north 
of Pocatello in Idaho. Idaho, then, had not 
been settled. 

It was not long before James again put him- 
self in a more independent condition. He pur- 
chased two yoke of cattle and began to haul 
wood from the canyons. In the winter of 1864 
he went every morning to Parley's Canyon, 
where he slid down over the snow, wood to be 
hauled out the following spring. Out of this 
employment and the wood sold he obtained 



60 JAMES JENSEN 

about $1,500. He began to feel now that he 
was a rich man, so he concluded to marry, and 
bought him a lot and secured a fine team of 
horses. On the 21st of September, 1865 he 
was united in wedlock to M. J. Petrina Sor- 
enson. Her father, who was a pilot, had been 
drowned off the coast of Denmark at the 
mouth of a river, and her mother subsequently 
married a man by the name of Jensen. 

For the young man life now took on addi- 
tional responsibility. He began at once the 
construction of a home, an adobe house con- 
sisting of one room and a pantry. The adobes 
for the house he made on the lot where it 
stood. His wife was equally industrious ; from 
the wool of the sheep she made clothing, wove 
carpets, and from magazines she cut pictures 
and had them framed for the decoration of her 
home. 

It was not long before he was again sought 
by President Young for his services on the 
President's farm. Here he continued to labor 
for two years. One day while he was sowing 
wheat broadcast over the land he was occu- 
pied in tilling, a neighbor shouted over the 
fence the information that he had been called 




M. J. Petrina Jensen. 



EARLY LIFE IN UTAH. 61 

on a mission. It was in early times that men 
were called without a moment's notice. They 
were minute men in the service of their Master. 
The young man at this season of the year, 
1867, changed his busy life in the wild and 
unredeemed West for a new experience in the 
missionary field. At that time a prompt re- 
sponse and an obedient heart were the fore- 
most qualifications in the ministry of the 
Church. He knew something of the missionary 
life of the elders who had brought the Gos- 
pel to his father's home. It was an honor, 
therefore, to receive a call to carry a message 
that meant so much to those who honestly re- 
ceived it and faithfully pursued its require- 
ments. He did not stop for the harvest; he 
let out his crops to be harvested by others ; sold 
his horses; and took up the occupation to 
v.hich he had been called in the same faithful 
manner that he pursued every other vocation 
of life. 



62 JAMES JENSEN 



CHAPTER IV. 

ON A MISSION 

Called from the field, Elder Jensen set out 
upon his mission, which was to last something 
like thirty-nine months, on the 11th of May, 
1867. The good wife left behind had moved 
to her parents where she lived during her hus- 
band's absence. 

"Before I left for my mission, my young 
wife, who was only twenty years old then, de- 
voted herself industriously to my welfare and 
comfort. She was very economical and made 
the best of whatever came to her care. From 
the wool that came from the sheep's back she 
carded rolls, spun yarn, and wove cloth. She 
made my vest and pants and a tailor made my 
coat. Of that suit I was proud. I thought it 
becoming to me and I prized it highly because 
it was the workmanship of loving and devoted 
hands." 

In those days, the elders generally availed 
themselves of the opportunities to join some 



ON A MISSION. b6 

of the overland trains which were engaged in 
freighting from the terminus of the railroad to 
Salt Lake City. On this occasion John Sharp 
Jr. was the captain of the train with which the 
elders traveled. In the company w^ith Elder 
Jensen were Karl G. Maeser, on his way to 
Switzerland ; James Johnson, Samuel Peterson, 
George K. Reese, and C. F. Fjelsted bound for 
Scandinavia. Among those for England were 
Willard Richards, Levi Richards and Dr. Jo- 
seph Richards. These trains often freighted 
grain to stations along the way where it could 
be used in the service of the overland mail. 

The spring of 1867 had perhaps the great- 
est rainfall ever known up to that time. The 
streams were greatly swollen and great diffi- 
culty was experienced in getting the large ox- 
team trains over. It not unfrequently hap- 
pened that as many as twelve yoke of oxen 
were detailed to the conveyance of a single 
wagon across rivers, etc. When the company 
reached Yellow Creek they were met by Cap- 
tain Hooper who was on his way home from 
Washington where he had been serving as a 
delegate in Congress. 

The travel westward by team in the early 



64 JAMES JENSEN 

60's was made difficult and dangerous by the 
frequent hostilities of the red men. Some 
of the stations along the route had to be 
guarded by militia, and precautions were 
taken by the government to protect the lives of 
the travelers. So bad that year were the In- 
dians that when the company reached Fort 
Bridger the question of continuing the journey 
was seriously discussed. Some of the team- 
sters wanted to return, as they were unwilling 
to hazard their lives and property among the 
marauding Indians. Fort Bridger was one 
hundred and twenty-three miles from Great 
Salt Lake City ; and Green, River one hundred 
and eighty miles. The distance covered was 
considerable, and loss would accrue if the com- 
pany did not continue the journey. The in- 
fluence of the missionaries was thrown into 
the balance in favor of an onward march, and 
the company therefore plunged into the midst 
of a country which was largely at the mercy 
of plundering bands of Indians. "June: 7th," 
said Elder Jensen, ''was, up to that time, the 
saddest day of my Hfe. While we were en- 
camped, the Indians sallied out from their 
places of concealment and made ah attack up- 



ON A MISSION. 65 

on us. We all rushed to the rescue of our 
stock, and were on the point of abandoning 
the train altogether, when the presence of 
mind of Elder Karl G. Maeser saved the sit- 
uation. He called back a number, sufficient 
to protect the wagons, while the balance con- 
tinued their pursuit. One of the men, Chris- 
tian Jensen by name, was shot through the 
arm which the arrow pinned to his body. A 
second arrow pierced his body in front of the 
other arm and a bullet from the gun of one of 
the Indians killed him. The red men jumped 
from their horses to secure the scalp, when a 
shot from a negro, one of the company, struck 
close to the Indians who were frightened away 
without consummating their fiendish practice. 

''We buried the man, and over his grave we 
built a fire to mislead the Indians, who, we 
believed would return, exhume the body, and 
remove the scalp. 

"The death of my traveling companion, who 
bore the same name as myself, gave rise to a 
most painful report which reached my wife, to 
the efifect that I had been killed. Heber C 
Kimball Jr., who dispatched the message was 
not aware that there was any other Jensen in 



66 JAMES JENSEN 

the train. Jensen had come from Brigham City 
and joined our company at Echo Canyon. H. 
was on his way to secure a thresher. When 
we reached Sulphur Springs after this painful 
episode, we remained for a short time waiting 
for a mule team company that was to accom- 
pany us farther on our journey. 

"On the 27th of June we arrived at Poll 
Creek where we came upon the construction 
crew of the Union Pacific Railroad. On the 
29th of the same month we saw the first train 
of that road loaded with timber. On the 30th 
we reached Julesburg, the terminus of the 
railroad at that time. Here we separated from 
the company of freighters and I sent my re- 
volver and bedclothes home. We took train 
at Julesburg and traveled a distance of three 
hundred and ninety miles to Omaha, a dis- 
tance which we covered in twenty-one hours, 
traveling at an average speed of eighteen and 
four-sevenths miles per hour. We continued 
our journey by railroad from Omaha to 
Chicago at a cost of seventeen dollars, and 
from Chicago to New York for twenty dol- 
lars. In New York preparations were imme- 



ON A MISSION. 67 

diately begun preparatory to transportation 
across the Atlantic." 

At that time the emigration companies were 
large and the elders going and coming from 
their missions met friends along the way and 
renewed their old asociations. At New York 
the outgoing elders met Orson Pratt, Brig- 
ham Young Jr., and John W. Young who were 
on their way home from England. After 
Elder Jensen completed his preparations, he 
set sail from New York on the 13th of July on 
the boat Manhattan for Liverpool. At that 
time he was suffering from some diseased con- 
dition of his eyes which compelled him to re- 
main in a dark room. 

On the 26th of July, the elders reached Liv- 
erpool where they were met by Franklin D. 
Richards, C. W. Penrose, and William Pres- 
ton who came out to meet the ship as it made 
its way up the Mersey. On the 27th, the day 
following, the Scandinavian elders took train 
for Hull. From Hull they sailed to Ham- 
burg and by rail went to Kiel, thence over the 
Baltic to Corsor, where they took the train 
for Copenhagen. 

At that time President Widerborg was in 



68 JAMES JENSEN 

charge of the Scandinavian mission. Elder 
Jensen, upon his return to the land of his na- 
tivity, was naturally anxious to meet, as early 
as possible, his relatives and friends from 
whom he parted in 1857, just ten years be- 
fore. In his native town of Haugerup he en- 
joyed himself for a short time in the society 
of his old-time friends and of his relatives. 
He had left Denmark in 1857, a boy of six- 
teen, unfamiliar with the ways of the world, in- 
experienced, and under the direction of his par- 
ents. Ten years later he returned a man, an 
elder in the Mormon Church, who could speak 
with interest of his experiences. His ideas had 
been enlarged and his capabilities increased, so 
that he was entrusted with the responsibility of 
carrying the Gospel message to the nations of 
the earth. He was naturally somewhat an ob- 
ject of interest and some curiosity. His position 
was in the mind of the world a more dignified 
one and his determination to magnify his call- 
ing naturally gave him a sense of the general 
fitness of things. His missionary labors began 
on the mainland, called Jutland. His mission- 
ary experiences during the latter part of 1867 
were confined largely to Fredericia and Veile. 



ON A MISSION. 69 

One of his earliest experiences was to secure 
a schoolhouse through the assistance of the 
teacher, who subsequently regretted the rash- 
ness of this act in consenting to permit the 
Mormons to use it. In order to be more at 
peace with his own conscience and secure him- 
self against public criticism, he demanded that 
the elders preach only from the Bible. To 
this they consented. At the close of the meet- 
ing the teacher, who had been greatly sur- 
prised, arose and bore witness to the Scriptural 
truths which they had taught. 

In the early years of the Scandinavian mis- 
sion, the Gospel took a ready hold upon the 
hearts of many people. It had at the same time 
awakened bitterness in the hearts of others. 
The message which the elders brought occa- 
sionally caused some dissension in families. 
Speaking of one circumstance he said : 'Tt had 
been some time since I had had an opportunity 
to write my wife at home. We were invited 
to the house of a man who had joined the 
Church, but whose wife was so bitter that she 
would neither permit me to write a letter, or 
to have any food in her house. I remember 
that I was so hungry that I sought the first 



70 JAMES JENSEN 

opportunity to satisfy myself by eating raw 
potatoes." 

"We had not been long active in our mission- 
ary efforts before the priests began to insist 
that we be not permitted to occupy the school- 
houses. We therefore made such arrange- 
ments as we could to hold meetings in public 
houses and in such halls as we could rent. I 
was assigned to labor in a conference under 
the direction of a president, an elder from 
Zion, whose judgment I could not always re- 
spect. I remember that on one occasion a man 
who had been dropped from the Church came 
to my conference president and desired to be 
taken back. His statements were very unsat- 
isfactory, but the president expressed his satis- 
faction and was ready to receive the man back 
into the Church. The confession awakened 
within me a conviction that it was untruthful, 
and I therefore protested against the wiling- 
ness of the president to receive a man who had 
lied to reach his purposes. The man, however, 
returned later on, corrected what he had said 
before and placed himself in a position to be re- 
ceived. It was not long, however, before it 
became necessary for the president of the con- 



ON A MISSION. 71 

ference to be sent home. The elder returned 
to Zion because of the sinful conduct which 
made him unworthy to be a missionary of the 
Church. Sometime after his return, he joined 
the Godbeites and was afterwards an avowed 
enemy of the Church. His son-in-law gave me 
the following sad ending of my conference 
president's career. 'During the days of the 
crusade against polygamy/ he related to me, 
'my father-in-law became a member of a trial 
jury in the city of Ogden. The case on which 
he sat was one for unlawful cohabitation. 
Eleven of the jurors were in favor of acquittal 
while he insisted on a conviction, and malic- 
iously declared that he would rot before he 
would vote in favor of acquittal. A short time 
thereafter, while driving a pair of colts, they 
ran away with him and from the accident he 
received an injury from which he never re- 
covered. His bruised body began to mortify 
and from it the stench became so bad that the 
wife could not endure to remain in the room 
where her husband lay. In time he died, lit- 
erally rotten, in fulfillment of the alternative 
suffering he preferred to the release of one on 
trial for unlawful cohabitation.' The man who 



72 JAMES JENSEN 

is the author of the foregoing statement is now 
Hving and a president of one of the stakes of 
Zion." 

Much of the latter part of the year 1867 was 
passed in the conference of which Veile was 
the headquarters. From this place Elder Jen- 
sen was enabled to reach his native town Hag- 
uerup. Here the opportunity was given to 
preach to old neighbors and friends. The 
schoolhouse had been denied him, but one of 
the leading farmers of the place granted Elder 
Jensen the privilege of preaching in his own 
home. 

The elders were not averse to any kind of 
work whenever the occasion required. If they 
could not always make themselves agreeable 
and helpful by their words of encouragement 
and instruction, they could demonstrate their 
ability to labor skillfully and hard. There were 
many who had an aversion for ministers whose 
lives they believed to be idle, indulgent, and 
selfish. Elder Jensen, among other incidents 
peculiar to his missionary experiences, tells of 
the manner by which Anders Jenson and his 
family were brought into the Church. "As we 
approached the Jenson home the father and 



ON A MISSION. 73 

sons were breaking flax. One of the boys who 
saw us nearing them, remarked to the others 
that he proposed to have some fun with the 
Mormon missionaries. We were immediately 
asked to take hold and help in the work. We 
responded cheerfully. It was not a new kind 
of work to me, and I was able to hold my 
own with the boys. Later, I assisted in plow- 
ing and showed myself at home on the farm. 
It established a familiarity and friendly rela- 
tion between us and the family. What we did 
so well and cheerfully had a great influence 
over them, and later on I baptized the father, 
mother, three sons and two daughters. Their 
fun was, I have no doubt, turned into friendly 
relations and earnest inquiry by our willing- 
ness and ability to work. They saw that work 
which they exalted by their example was really 
part of the Mormon creed." 

In the beginning of the year 1868 his labors 
extended along the mainland, and while in the 
city of Rolling he and other elders were at- 
tacked by a mob. One of the mobbers, a husky 
foundryman, seized Elder Jensen by the throat 
and in a spirit of rage began to choke him. As 
soon as Elder Jensen extricated himself, which 



74 JAMES JENSEN 

his superior strength soon enabled him to do, 
he rebuked the man and wanted to know what 
offense he had ever given to entitle him to such 
treatment. In the midst of the melee and con- 
fusion, the train, which he was about to board, 
arrived. He slipped in at the side door and oc- 
cupied the only seat not taken. The crowd, 
however, followed him to Fredericia where he 
reached a faith'ful sister who concealed him 
successfully against the mob in pursuit. 

At Horsens he continued his labors amidst 
some opposition. While holding a meeting in 
the place, and while in the midst of worship, 
a rock was thrown through one of the win- 
dows. Here they were also visited by crowds 
of vicious and reckless men, bent upon the 
confusion and discomfiture of the elders and 
Saints in their religious worship. On one oc- 
casion the rabble came to the meeting and be- 
gan their disturbance by approaching the wom- 
en, whom they sought to hug and kiss in a vio- 
lent manner. As soon as possible Elder Jensen 
had the lights blown out and began at once, 
after reaching the midst of the disturbers, to 
clear them out of the hall by the use of a cane, 
which he applied in such a manner as to create 



ON A MISSION. 75 

consternation and retreat. Here the elders had 
the opportunity later to baptize several persons. 
On the 5th of March, Elder Jensen moved on 
to Fredericia. Among his experiences there he 
related that in one of the meetings two soldiers 
were present who refused to remove their caps. 
"I insisted," he said, "that they must either 
leave or take off their caps. They refused to 
pay any attention to my demands. I thereupon 
seized them one at a time, and threw them 
into the street. An officer passing at that mo- 
ment saw the man fall, and at once began an 
inquiry to find out what it all meant. After 
receiving information the officer left and short- 
ly after he sent the two men back who made a 
humble apology for their disgraceful conduct 
in our place of worship." It is not difficult for 
those who are acquainted with Bishop Jensen 
to imagine that in the prime of his early man- 
hood he could perform just such a task as he 
describes above with celerity and effectiveness. 
The man, who was tumbled somehow or other 
far out into the street, had no doubt some vig- 
orous assistance from the elder who was de- 
termined to bring into play his physical power: 



76 JAMES JENSEN 

to maintain the respect to which he felt him- 
self entitled. 

Going* up to Copenhagen was in those days 
a delightful opportunity to meet the elders of 
the mission and enjoy the companionship of 
old-time friends. There they went to their 
priesthood meetings and reported the condition 
of the conference over which they presided. 
While there, Elder Jensen was asked to preside 
over the conference from which the unworthy 
elder mentioned above had been dismissed. The 
conference, however, was in an unfortunate 
condition. Its financial standing was bad, and 
the moral tone also affected by an elder who 
had not only brought disgrace upon himself, 
but also upon the conference over which he 
presided. Elder Jensen modestly expressed 
a preference to be released from the undertak- 
ing. It was finally decided to unite the Fred- 
ericia and Aarhus conferences under the pres- 
idency of Lauretz Larsen, whose assistant 
Elder Jensen became. These missionary as- 
sociates of those early days became devoted 
friends throughout all the subsequent years of 
their lives. Larsen was at one time counselor 



ON A MISSION. n 

to the Bishop of Spring City, which for many- 
years had been his home. 

The late 60's witnessed remarkable changes 
throughout the world in the methods of trans- 
portation. The railroads at that time were un- 
der construction in different parts of Den- 
mark, and the old methods of traveling were 
substituted by more commodious and expe- 
ditious means which the application of steam 
had brought about. Elder Jensen was busily 
occupied in his conference aiding the Saints in 
their emigration to Zion. "Our company, which 
left Liverpool on the 13th of June, 1868, was 
the last to embark in the old sailing ships that 
had occupied so much time upon the ocean." 

On the mainland where he was laboring the 
railroad between Fredericia and Aarhus was 
completed. The new road was an object of 
great interest and often great excitement to the 
farmers. When the first train was run, Elder 
Jensen joined in the general celebration and 
became one of its first passengers. "A curi- 
ous circumstance transpired," he wrote, "as we 
were leaving the station. A team of horses 
became frightened and ran away. The run- 
away created so much excitement among the 



78 JAMES JENSEN 

passengers that one of the farmers aboard ran 
his head through a glass window in his unre- 
strained anxiety to see what was going on." 

It was along the last of 1868 that a change 
was made in the mission presidents, President 
Jesse N. Smith having arrived on a call to 
succeed Widerborg in the presidency of the 
Scandinavian mission. It was President 
Smith's second mission to that country and he 
was therefore familiar with the language. 
Elder Jensen was one of the elders to carry 
the Gospel into a district beyond Lake 
Skanderborg. The report of the presence of 
the Mormon missionaries in Denmark had 
reached the people of that district and they 
naturally turned out in large numbers to lis- 
ten to what these elders had to say. They were 
not, however, without opposition. Noisy 
crowds gathered and endeavored to disturb 
their meetings, and Elder Jensen sometimes 
found it necessary to give boisterous men a 
little shaking up, which he was always qual- 
ified to do, before they would yield to him a 
proper respect. 

A new importance was attached to the mis- 
sionary experiences of Elder Jensen early in 



ON A MISSION. 79 

the year 1869, when he was called to the pres- 
idency of the Aalborg conference. He no 
doubt, however, felt some disappointment be- 
cause of his expectations that he would be re- 
leased as other elders were at the end of two 
years, nor was his own disappointment less 
than that at home where a loving and anxious 
wife awaited his return. The appointment 
was received with some feelings of misgiving. 
The conference was not in the best condition 
and its finances needed that experience and 
attention which he feared he could not give. 
President Smith assured this young elder that 
he felt inspired to put upon him that responsi- 
bility and that he had every confidence that 
Elder Jensen would succeed in his mission. 
Elder Jensen went at his new task, and in due 
time felt the satisfaction of getting the con- 
ference out of debt and placing it in a good 
healthy condition. 

Elder Jensen had left behind him in the Aar- 
hus conference many warm friends, men and 
women whom he had led into the waters of 
baptism. In his journal he makes friendly men- 
tion of the Henricksen family — a family of re- 
finement, intelligence, and devotion. He had 



80 JAMES JENSEN 

baptized the mother and the children in Veile 
where they resided. For him they always enter- 
tained feelings of gratitude and devotion; and 
when he was about to set sail for Zion at the 
close of his mission, the good mother of that 
family sent to him a gold ring for his wife in 
token of the esteem in which he was held by the 
Henricksen family. They subsequently emi- 
grated to Utah and located in Provo, where in 
those early days the sons were benefactors to 
the community by reason of their skill in the 
manufacture of pottery. 

The new responsibility enlarged the scope 
of his missionary experiences. To him were 
entrusted the direction of other elders and the 
general movement of the Saints in their emi- 
gration to Zion. One of his first duties was 
to conduct some ninety emigrants to Copen- 
hagen where they joined other Saints on their 
voyage to Liverpool. He mentions in his 
journal at that time the convention of farmers 
in Copenhagen. It was one of those early 
farmers' institutes for which the Danish peo- 
ple have since become world-famous. Such 
an early movement for advanced methods gives 
us a convincing reason for the foremost posi- 



ON A MISSION. 81 

tion occupied by the farmers of Denmark in 
the agricultural world. It is now frequently 
stated that the Danish government is a govern- 
ment of farmers, for the farmers, and by the 
farmers. The agricultural interests of that 
little kingdom to-day predominate over all 
others. 

While in Copenhagen, looking after emigra- 
tion interests for people from his conference, he 
had the pleasure of welcoming his brother Ja- 
cob who had just arrived in his native land on 
a mission. The meeting was most pleasurable 
and these young elders, with one or two of 
their friends, enjoyed such pleasant pastimes 
as Copenhagen could afford. "We were treat- 
ed," said Elder Jensen, "by President Smith to 
a bicycle ride. Wheels were obtained for a 
number of us young elders, and I remember 
how I learned to ride the high-wheel bicycle 
of those times. My brother was assigned to 
my conference and we left together for our 
field of labor." 

Among those that Elder Jensen aided in 
those days was a young boy known as Peter 
Olsen, who emigrated about this time from 
Denmark, and who, upon his arrival in Utah, 



82 JAMES JENSEN 

made his home with the Jensen family and 
remained with them until he attained his 
manhood. A circumstance somewhat novel 
arose in the case of the emigration of this 
boy. '*! expected money from home to 
pay for his transportation. The money not 
having come when the company left, I appealed 
to a man by the name of Christensen for a loan 
of seventy-five Danish dollars. The man was 
not in the Church. However, in his heart he 
felt that the message was true and he appar- 
ently struggled against it and made the loan as 
a sort of a test. If it were not paid back it 
would give him some excuse for resisting the 
feeling that was already taking a strong hold 
upon his mind. When I returned him the 
money and offered to pay interest he replied by 
handing me five dollars back." 

The conference of Aalborg furnished Elder 
Jensen numerous opportunities, not only to 
preach the Gospel, but to aid the Saints and 
prepare them for their new home in a distant 
land, where they would hear a strange tongue. 
"I organized," he wrote in his journal, "3. night 
school for instruction in English. One of the 
rules of the school was that not a word in Da- 



ON A MISSION. 83 

nish was to be spoken. The Saints, of course, 
appreciated the value of the new language 
which some day they must use. They were 
diligent and I was happily surprised at the 
progress they made. Their knowledge of Eng- 
lish they found most useful when they reached 
the Valleys of the Mountains." 

"I remember," he continued, "among the ex- 
periences of those days, a visit I paid to a giant 
and a dwarf, who were on exhibition. The 
name of the giant was Andrew Hanson. He 
had seen service in the Civil war of America. 
He was forty-two years of age, was seven feet 
seven and a half inches high, and weighed 
four hundred and seventy-four pounds. The 
dwarf was Admiral Picolomine, age thirty- 
eight, and was thirty inches high. As I passed 
by the giant, he lifted my hat from my head, 
made a crease in it, and handed it back to me 
with the remark, 'This is the way we wear hats 
in America.' I simply replied in English, T 
know it.' My knowledge of the English tongue 
led to a conversation between us and he asked 
me to return on the following day. I did so and 
explained to him the principles of the Gospel. 
He was an intelligent and a very humble man. 



84 . JAMES JENSEN 

He was greatly interested in what I said, gave 
evidence of his beHef in my message and as- 
sured me that as soon as he had visited Nor- 
way he would return and accompany me to 
Utah. His death intervened to prevent him 
from doing so." 

Denmark was in those days a very fruitful 
missionary field. The conference afforded the 
association of devoted men and women whose 
good cheer and enthusiastic endeavors brought 
to the elders many happy hours. The Saints 
had an excellent choir. Music was always an 
interesting feature of their worship and they 
frequently had social gatherings for pastimes 
of various kinds. 

Elder Jensen was constantly beset by the 
temptation to visit the Aarhus conference 
whenever an opportunity was given him. His 
early experiences there amidst the difficulties 
which he found in beginning the missionary 
work constantly recalled friendships that 
bound him to his early love. "On onr return 
from Aarhus to Aalborg, we were over- 
taken by a landlord. He was in his coach of 
four horses, accompanied by his driver and 
footman. After passing us by, he turned 



ON A MISSION. 85 

into an inn where my companion and I also 
stopped for refreshments. He went to a more 
aristocratic part of the inn, while we had to be 
satisfied with more humble quarters. While we 
were there, his servant came to our apartment 
and invited the man with the black beard whom 
he had passed along the road to accompany 
him on his journey. My companion was an as- 
sistant to the mission president, and the dis- 
crimination was a little embarrassing to me. 
However, we looked upon it as one of our 
many opportunities to do good, and I conse- 
quently occupied a seat by the landlord while 
I explained my occupation and mission to that 
country." 

On his return to Aalborg, Elder Jensen 
found considerable excitement created among 
those who were hostile to the Saints, and who 
looked upon the success of the elders with a 
great deal of enmity. This opposition led to an 
organized effort to defeat the missionary work 
and to frighten the people away from the 
meetings. The disturbing element filled paper 
bags with ashes and entered the church for the 
purpose of creating confusion and consterna- 
tion among the worshipers. It was the inten- 



86 JAMES JENSEN 

tion to throw these paper bags into the faces of 
the elders so as to bHnd and suffocate them and 
to make the atmosphere of the room wholly 
unfit for a public meeting. These actions had 
received some encouragement formerly by a 
disposition on the part of some of the elders to 
evade them. Elder Fjelsted was so pacific in 
his demeanor, and so unwilling to engage in 
any contention, that he escaped from such an 
element, and sometimes had himself let down 
from the windows of the meeting house that 
he might evade those who were seeking a quar- 
rel. 

Elder Jensen, who was now the president of 
this conference, possessed a somewhat diflFerent 
temperament. He believed it his duty to main- 
tain his rights, and to resist those who were 
seeking trouble. He found in the possession 
of an old man a large thorny cane. One of 
his fellow missionaries broke a leg from one 
of the benches and the two began thrashing in 
an unmerciful manner the men that had come 
with their paper bags of ashes to create a dis- 
turbance. Christophersen and Larsen, both 
powerful men, were door-keepers. One of the 
disturbers was about to strike Elder Jensen in 



ON A MISSION. 87 

the back of the head with a knife when Chris- 
topherson wrenched it from his hand. The 
two door-keepers who had taken an active 
part in ejecting the mobbers concluded that if 
such forceful methods of disposing of bad 
characters were approved, that thereafter noth- 
ing was to be feared from that class of ruf- 
fians. "Somehow or other," he said, "after 
beating them back from the hall, we managed 
to get in front of them as they were leaving 
and made our punishment as effectual as we 
could. I think our method of treating these 
intruders had a most excellent effect. They 
did not bother us after that." James Jensen 
was certainly a powerful man in those days, 
and it is not difficult to imagine that those 
who aroused a spirit of combativeness in him 
ever took much pleasure out of any physical 
opposition they had to meet. 

"Just about this time we had other troubles. 
Two of the elders, who had been in Denmark 
and who upon reaching Zion had turned 
against the Church, wrote letters to the Saints 
in which they told all sorts of falsehoods about 
the Mormons. One of these elders was sent 
home for adultery. I secured his letter from 



88 JAMES JENSEN 

one of the Saints into whose hands it came, 
and read it to the meeting. There were pres- 
ent quite a number who did not belong to the 
Church. After reading the letter, I wanted to 
know from the people what they thought about 
it. An old man who was not a member of the 
Church said he believed that the writer of the 
letter had lied, and he proposed that the letter 
be wrapped up in a lot of paper to make it as 
heavy as possible and that it be returned to its 
author without any postage or comment. Pos- 
tage was heavy in those days, and the old man 
thought that the expenses of the postage might 
prevent him, after that, from writing such let- 
ters. These letters had an effect entirely dif- 
ferent from what their authors intended. They 
really did us good, especially as many of the 
people had already learned about the trans- 
gressions of these elders." 

On the day before Easter, 1870, there was a 
gathering of the Saints for social and religious 
entertainment. While they were all in the 
midst of a program which they were carrying 
out, a man entered the room for the purpose 
of creating a disturbance. He was warned to 
desist, and when it was evident that he did not 



ON A MISSION. 89 

intend to heed the warning he had received, 
Elder Jensen took him by the nape of the neck 
and pitched him downstairs. He thereupon 
called the landlady, who was not a member of 
the' Church, and who had just emerged from 
her room to see what the trouble was, all sorts 
of vile names. However, he did not disturb 
the meeting any more. 

Just about this time his brother Jacob who 
was in Agersted took down with smallpox. 
This created, of course, some anxiety. He had 
his brother immediately brought to Aalborg, 
where by careful nursing he soon regained his 
health. "As soon as he was able, my brother 
and I accepted an invitation of the president to 
come to Copenhagen on May 5th for the pur- 
pose of meeting President Albert Carring- 
ton of the European mission. On my return 
to Aalborg, my students in English gave me a 
cordial reception and presented me two silver 
spoons with my wife's name on one and mine 
on the other. 

"As the time approached for my release, I 
took advantage of the opportunity to visit my 
old field in Aarhus. There I enjoyed the fare- 
well expressions of the Saints and returned to 



90 JAMES JENSEN 

begin my preparation for my return to Zion. 
For some time I was busily occupied in prepar- 
ing the Saints for their emigration. On the 
29th of June, President Jesse N. Smith in- 
structed me to be in Copenhagen by July 13th 
with the Saints who were to leave there with 
the next company. My brother Jacob was made 
president of the Aalborg conference." 

Among those who came under the special 
care of Elder Jensen were Nels Larsen, who 
emigrated subsequently to Provo, where he be- 
came very well and very generally known, 
and Peter Andersen, who emigrated to Salt 
Lake and stayed for some time with Elder Jen- 
sen's father. Young Andersen, through the 
paternal interest of Dr. Winslow, adopted as 
his first name Winslow and thereafter became 
known as Winslow Andersen. This young 
man attended school at the Brigham Young 
Academy in Provo and later located in San 
Francisco where he is now the Editor in Chief 
of the Pacific Medical Journal, the President 
of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
and the head of one of the leading hospitals. 

Elder Jensen left his mission, after three 
years of devoted efforts for the well-being and 



ON A MISSION. 91 

happiness of his fellow men. To him the friend- 
ships of that mission have been among the 
most pleasing memories of life. The testimo- 
nials that came to him brought encouragement 
and the assurance that he would be long re- 
membered and esteemed. He reached Salt 
Lake City by train on the 10th of August, 1870. 



92 JAMES JENSEN 

CHAPTER V. 

RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 

On his return to Utah, Elder Jensen found 
his good wife located in their own little home 
which she had prepared for the comfort and 
enjoyment of her husband whom she had aided 
by every means at her command. The carpet 
on its floor was of her own making, and the 
simple decorations which her taste and industry 
had provided, all went to make the home a 
cozy and happy one. During his absence, the 
wife, by her industry, had earned enough to 
buy a cow and a pig and also the lumber with 
which he fenced the lot. Of the grain which 
had to be left unharvested in the field, she 
saved something like fifty bushels. The young 
husband was thus happily prepared to take up 
the laborious duties of life without the ob- 
stacles of debts or of pressing wants. He was 
a man of splendid physique, boundless energy, 
and excellent judgment in the management 
of affairs. 



RESDIENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 93 

Like others who had returned from a mis- 
sion, he was called upon the stand to make a 
report of his labors. President Young recog- 
nized his faithful friend, and invited this young 
returning missionary to occupy a place on the 
stand beside him. President Young knew the 
value of this young man's services in the past 
and sought them for the future. That fall 
James worked on the Church farm just south 
of the city, where he was occupied in puttmg 
up hay and looking after the stock. 

The following spring of 1871, Elder James 
Jensen and a friend took a contract, under the 
direction of President Young, to erect a four- 
board fence around the large Church farm in 
Cache Valley. These young contractors were 
conscientious and constructed their enclosure 
which brought them more praise than money. 
When the work was finally accomplished, he 
returned in the fall of that year to his home in 
the second ward. He was now able to add 
to it three rooms, a pantry and a bath. "Dur- 
ing my absence," he says, ''my wife was per- 
haps more industrious in the care of her gar- 
den than I^ was in building a fence in Cache 
Valley — and my work there was perhaps the 



94 JAMES JENSEN 

most taxing of any work I had ever done in 
my life. Mrs. Jensen had raised from our 
garden during my absence with the, help of 
our boy Peter all sorts of vegetables; and by 
her industry provided much of our living for 
the following winter." 

"In the spring of 1872 George Reese and 
I took President Young's 'Forest' farm on 
shares. It was located in what Is now known 
as Forest Dale. We were to receive the cus- 
tomary two-thirds of the crop, but were obliged 
to pay for the use of the team which President 
Young hired to us. We received it, however, 
on excellent terms and it had the best care and 
attention. That was for us a prosperous sum- 
mer. Besides our living, in the fall of the 
year I was able to purchase a wagon, team, 
and harness. We had worked hard but were 
amply rewarded and President Young was 
particularly well satisfied." 

During these strenuous days his good wife 
was no less diligent in promoting their ma- 
terial well-being. Under her direction were 
the garden, the cows, and the chickens. Twice 
a week she walked from Forest Dale to Salt 
Lake City with eggs and butter with which 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 95 

to provide the groceries and other necessaries 
of the home. On her return she stopped in 
the second and tenth wards and enjoyed a few 
minutes' visit with her parents and with her 
husband's father and mother. 

In those days a rough element came in from 
the mines and other places to pass their win- 
ters in Salt Lake City. By their carousals and 
drinking they often created such disturbance 
that it was not always easy for the local con- 
stabulary to subdue them. Special police were 
enlisted and into that service James Jensen en- 
tered after the farm work of the summer was 
practically over. Later he was made captain 
of the special police. 

Elder Jensen speaks of his experiences as 
secretary of the Second Ward Sunday School, 
a position which he occupied for a number of 
years. Whatever accuracy he obtained in his 
knowledge of the English language he attrib- 
utes to his experiences in that office. He of- 
ten wrote out the minutes in the Danish lan- 
guage and then translated them into English, 
and by consulting his dictionary learned much 
of the meaning of words as well as of spelling. 
He felt himself unqualified for such work, but 



96 JAMES JENSEN 

he was painstaking, faithful, and punctual and 
his work was appreciated in an office that was 
very much neglected at that time. 

In the year 1873 he was united in marriage 
to Marie Madsen, his first wife being present 
at the ceremony. His wives from the outset 
assumed a sisterly relationship which they en- 
joyed throughout their united lives in the fam- 
ily of the man to whom they had given so fully 
their confidence and their love. In the begin- 
ning the home was so divided that each en- 
joyed her own apartment, but later the hus- 
band built on the same block where his first 
wife lived a brick home for the second. 

A little circumstance in relation to this mar- 
riage is here worthy of mention. The second 
wife's family were not members of the Church 
and had therefore not emigrated from their na- 
tive land in Denmark to the Valleys of the 
Mountains. When the brothers and sisters of 
Marie learned that their sister had married, 
and that she had gone into polygamy, they sent 
one of them, Anthon by name, to Utah, com- 
missioned by them to learn what he could of 
his sister's welfare, her happiness, and her 
prospects in life. Naturally they had very 




Marie Jexsen. 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 97 

strong misgivings over such a union, and the 
brotherly and sisterly love which they felt for 
their sister led them to desire the whole truth 
about the family life which was contrary to 
their views and convictions. The brother came 
more in a spirit of inquiry than in one of hos- 
tility, at least such was the impression he made 
upon his sister's husband and upon both of his 
wives. They therefore had nothing to conceal 
from him. He enjoyed the liberty of both 
homes, observing the conduct of the wives to- 
ward one another, and the attitude of the man 
who had assumed polygamous relations. Af- 
ter he had been here sometime he wrote a let- 
ter to his brothers and sisters in Denmark. 
By accident the letter came into the sister's 
hand. The substance of his report -was that 
he found his sister well cared for, the wife of a 
good man, and happy in her associations with 
the first wife, between whom and his sister 
there was a genuine sisterly attachment. The 
brother remained for some time and learned to 
esteem the first wife of this family apparently 
as highly as he esteemed his own sister. His 
conscience would not let him, in such relation- 
ship as he found between his sister and the first 



98 JAMES JENSEN 

wife, show any partiality. When he bought 
his sister a present he bought one Hkewise for 
the first wife. After fully satisfying himself 
about the welfare of his sister and the pro- 
tectorship of her husband, he finally returned 
to his native land, convinced that whatever 
might be the experiences of others in the prac- 
tice of polygamy, his sister at least was well- 
off and happy, and so far as his counsel or in- 
fluence went she was left in peace of mind to 
pursue the life she had accepted without inter- 
ference. 

In the year 1876, May 21st, James Jensen 
was ordained to the fifty-seventh quorum of the 
seventies, and later became one of its presi- 
dents. In the early 70's, after he left the em- 
ploy of President Young, much of his time was 
occupied in hauling rock, clay, and sand with 
his own team. He cut lucern on shares, car- 
ried on a dairy, and he and his family all lived 
and worked in harmonious effort to promote 
their material progress in life. 

In the later 70's he came into contact with 
such men as W. W. Riter and John Clark, 
whose lands he cultivated on shares. He likes 
to speak of these men as he found them in the 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 99 

intimate business relations of life. "Riter was 
my friend," he says. "He always dealt with me 
honestly and liberally. He seemed to make it a 
point to do better by me than he had agreed 
to do. As years went on, my confidence in 
the man was absolute and that confidence he 
scrupulously kept, and I shall always look upon 
him as one of the best friends I have had in 
life. W. W. Riter was certainly good and hon- 
orable and a generous-hearted man so far as I 
was able to understand. He was a member of 
the high council when I was appointed Bishop, 
and I sometimes wonder if he did not have 
something to do with my appointment. At any 
rate he was always so good to me, and so trust- 
ful towards me, that I was naturally compelled 
to believe that he was my friend." 

The experiences of James Jensen in the Sec- 
ond Ward were so pleasant and so helpful that 
he often recalls that period of twenty-five years 
of his life as one of the most joyful and sat- 
isfactory that had been his lot in life to pass 
through. When Bishop Samuel Peterson 
moved away from the Second Ward, he was 
succeeded in the bishopric by Leonard Hardy. 
James Jensen became his second counselor on 



100 JAMES JENSEN 

March 30, 1890. Alfred Caine, who died short- 
ly after that, was the first. During much of the 
time of Bishop Hardy's calling in the bishopric 
he was absent from the city and frequently 
traveled with John W. Taylor in the interest of 
the "Defense Fund." Elder Jensen was thus 
left with the responsibility of the ward resting 
upon him. To its duties, to its cares, he de- 
voted himself with the humble desire to serve 
the brothers and sisters, over whom he was 
really presiding, to the best of his ability. 

By his assiduous labors, and the excellent 
support which he received from his family, the 
subject of this sketch added yearly to his ma- 
terial comforts and to his advancement finan- 
cially. He was a lover of the soil, a love that 
came to him not alone from his experiences 
but from the rich inheritance that his nation- 
ality gave him. Denmark is noted, perhaps, 
for the most intensive farming to be found 
anywhere in the world. Its inhabitants really 
and truly love the soil, and to their loving touch 
it yields more to the acre of its peculiar kind 
than any other spot to be found upon the earth. 
There is, too, a native industry about the Dan- 
ish that makes them peculiarly successful as 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 101 

farmers. Thus, body and mind, they are well 
equipped as tillers of the soil. 

As he grew in means, James Jensen began 
to look about him for increased opportunities. 
He bought a small piece of land near the park, 
a piece of five acres. Farther south he had an- 
other five-acre lot, but they did not answer his 
needs ; and when a chance came to him for the 
purchase of land on what was the old farm of 
Brigham Young in Forest Dale, he was ready 
to talk business. From Moroni L. Pratt and 
others he bought twelve acres of land for the 
sum of $2,750, a little better than $200 per 
acre. He experienced some trouble in the ac- 
quisition of the title, but as soon as it was 
completed, the purchase opened to him a 
broader field of work. There was, too, a pe- 
culiar satisfaction in becoming the owner of 
land which he had once worked on shares for 
others. 

In those days of the middle 80's there was 
going on throughout the territory the most 
strenuous prosecution of men who were living 
in polygamous relations. His farm, then con- 
siderable distance south of Salt Lake City, of- 
fered some opportunity of escape from the sys- 



102 JAMES JENSEN 

tern of espionage to which he was subject. He 
had awakened the displeasure of a woman who 
was his neighbor in the Second Ward. This 
woman had taken a child to raise, but her treat- 
ment of the little one was so brutal that he felt 
compelled, whatever the consequences to him- 
self personally, to interfere in the interest of a 
helpless child. The woman was brought to the 
courts, and after receiving punishment, she be- 
came intensely bitter toward the man who had 
entered a complaint against her. She therefore 
sought an opportunity to make trouble for him. 
She induced a man to locate in that neighbor- 
hood to act as a spotter. He and another of 
his kind were constantly sneaking about Elder 
Jensen's homes. They dogged his footsteps 
almost day and night until finally by acts of 
kindness he won the good-will of one of the 
men who finally became friendly to him and 
desisted from his disagreeable work. 

The woman took another small child to raise, 
and in course of time fell into a quarrel with 
her husband who used a hatchet on her. Dr. 
Benedict was called to attend her wounds. 
While caring for this woman, who did so 
much to bring annoyance to her neighbor, the 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 103 

doctor observed under a pile of rags in one 
corner movements that awakened his curiosity. 
He went to lift the covering from the living 
object beneath, and discovered that it was 
a naked child that lay there in the dead of win- 
ter in a most deplorable condition. Sometime 
later this woman, who had sought pretentious- 
ly to reform the Mormon system of marriage, 
died. Those of her class with whom she en- 
joyed some meager association, threw her in- 
to a coffin without taking the trouble to v;a^ '^ 
her dirty body, after which she was buried 
unloved and unmourned. 

In the days of the crusade a prominent physi- 
cian of the city interested himself in the pro- 
tection of his friend whose acquaintance he had 
made in earlier days. When the doctor first 
came to the city, he was without much practice 
and James Jensen gave so many evidences of 
friendship through his helpfulness, that the 
doctor and his wife — whatever their pre-con- 
ceived notions of Mormonism might be — 
availed themselves of every opportunity to help 
and protect their old-time friend. The doc- 
tor sought to thwart the efforts that were made 
to arrest Elder Jensen and he and his wife 



104 JAMES JENSEN 

offered their home as a place of refuge for the 
second wife. Papers had already been made 
out for Elder Jensen's arrest, but after the in- 
tercession of the doctor in his behalf, the papers 
were by some means lost, and later picked up 
on the crossing of fifth east and sixth south. 
From that time on he heard nothing further 
of any efforts to put him under arrest, and 
his gentile friend continued in his determina- 
tion to protect the man who had been his friend 
in earlier days and who was still his good 
neighbor. These conditions and the unsettled 
state of mind of his family naturally made the 
district lying south of the city, and now known 
as Forest Dale, a desirable home on his farm 
where he might enjoy some seclusion. His 
second wife, however, remained in the new 
home which he had erected for her in the 
Second Ward. Thus these peculiar circum- 
stances and the agitation of those times brought 
him to the place where his services, already 
great in the past, could be turned to the best 
account in the ward over which he was subse- 
quently called to preside. His efforts to with- 
draw to a quiet place where he would be less 
conspicuous and less a shining mark for the 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 135 

adversary, led eventually to a wider field of 
labor, and to greater prominence in the Church 
which he always loved to serve. 

In the spring of 1891, on the 30th of April, 
James Jensen moved with his first wife and 
three of his second wife's children to his farm 
of twelve acres a short distance north of 
Calder's Park. Here he built a five-room house 
which he subsequently enlarged. That was al- 
so a conspicuous day in the street car history 
of Salt Lake City. It was the day on which 
the Rapid Transit Company ran its first car to 
Calder,'s Park, in later years known as Wanda- 
mere. George M. Cannon had been the lead- 
ing spirit in opening up this suburban trans- 
portation. Besides opening a street from Ash- 
ton Avenue to James Jensen's farm, he paid a 
bonus to the company. Elder Jensen gave a 
right-of-way through his farm which in time 
became occupied by numerous families who 
settled in the ''Dale." 

Upon moving to his new home, he thought it 
prudent to leave his families separated in or- 
der to avoid, if possible, arrest and imprison- 
ment. He had prepared a pleasant home for 
his other wife in the Second Ward. She wa' 



106 JAMES JENSEN 

interested in the Church work there and so 
devoted to her reHgious duties that Bishop 
Hardy desired her to act as president of the 
ReHef Society. However, it was not long be- 
fore she was prostrated with typhoid fever. 
For thirteen days and nights his first wife 
Petrina watched faithfully and devotedly at 
the bedside of the woman with whom she was 
sharing the blessings of her husband and her 
own family life. Upon the death of Marie, the 
faithful wife Petrina gathered the former's 
children into her home where she served them 
conscientiously and faithfully. The 'father 
found it necessary to add to his home in Forest 
Dale for the greater convenience of the en- 
larged family there. 

The few scattering families then inhabiting 
Forest Dale became a part of the Sugar House 
Ward. Some children, however, went to the 
city to attend Sunday School until such time 
as local organizations could be effected. For- 
est Dale was a beautiful place, and it was be- 
lieved might become in time an attractive sub- 
urb of Salt Lake City. Much of the land had 
been purchased by George M. Cannon, who 
foresaw something of future opportunities 
there, and he industriously planted a large 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 107 

number of various kinds of shade trees. He 
perhaps builded better than he knew. For the 
few who inhabited this sparsely settled dis- 
trict, an organization was effected known as 
the "Pleasant Hours Club," consisting of Wil- 
liam Spry, George M. Cannon, J. W. Summer- 
hays, Stephen H. Love, John M. Cannon, and 
a number of others. The club finally got 
up a sociable in order to bring all the 
members of the community together. "This 
was when I learned," jocularly remarked 
the good Bishop, "that Stephen Love was not 
a deputy marshal." 'T remember," he con- 
tinues, "in those early days some sad events. 
One of my neighbors was compelled to con- 
duct a funeral in an upstair room and in soli- 
tude that the marital relations of the father 
and mother might not be known." 

"As our community increased in numbers, 
a Mutual Improvement Association was or- 
ganized with George M. Cannon as its presi- 
dent, and James Hendry and B. W. Ashton as 
Counselors. Then a Sunday School was or- 
ganized of which William Hansen was super- 
intendent, with Stephen H. Love and F. M. 
Lyman, Jr., as assistants. 

"When my wife's people in Denmark learned 



108 JAMES JENSEN 

of her death, they were anxious that some of us 
should pay them a visit. I could not go and it 
was not possible for Mrs. Jensen to leave, so 
we decided to send our oldest daughter, Joseph- 
ine, who left Salt Lake City for Denmark, June 
24, 1893 in company with Heber C. Iverson, 
George Wallace, and Brother Hubbard. When 
they reached Chicago, these brethren separated 
from our daughter for their fields of labor in 
different parts of the states, and Josephine 
joined A. W. Carlson and his wife who were 
then on their way to Denmark. After a visit 
of four months among her relatives she re- 
turned to Utah. While she was absent, she 
was assisted in her travels by President A. H. 
Lund who had come in the same company with 
her mother to Utah in 1872. President Lund 
at this time presided over the European mis- 
sion. It was Josephine's Uncle Anthon who 
had been commissioned by his brothers to go 
to Utah and learn of the condition of their sis- 
ter who had married in polygamy. Anthon 
had become so favorably impressed with the 
satisfactory condition of his sister that he was 
most painstaking in his efforts to make her 
daughter happy during her stay in Denmark. 



RESIDENCE IN THE SECOND WARD. 109 

Towards the wife of her Uncle Anthon, the girl 
entertained deep-seated feelings of affection. 
To her mind the wife of this uncle was in the 
higher qualities of life a most angelic woman. 
On her return to Utah she visited, in 1893, 
the World's Fair in Chicago." 

"The little community in Forest Dale con- 
tinued to grow in numbers until it was found, 
in time, necessary to organize it into a branch, 
which was done on the 26th of May, 1895. 
Royal B. Young was placed as presiding elder. 
Later Elder Young was appointed first coun- 
selor to Bishop Driggs of the Sugar House 
Ward and James Jensen was then made the 
presiding priest. Through the generosity of 
George M. Cannon, the old farm-house of 
President Young was converted into the first 
meeting-house of Forest Dale." 

At this place Elder Jensen stopped to relate 
a peculiar circumstance of the death of Bishop 
Iverson's father, which took place on the 21st 
of March, 1895. "Just ten years before, in 
1885, I was invited to the bedside of Brother 
Iverson, who it was thought would not long 
survive in this life. As I approached his bed 
he remarked, T have asked the Lord to ex- 



no JAMES JENSEN 

tend my life that I may raise my little boy who 
is a cripple, and I have just received from Him 
the promise that I would be granted ten years 
more.' I was at his bedside again ten years 
from that time, and as I approached him he 
remarked, 'The time of the promise made me 
has been fulfilled and I must go. You can 
pray for me if you wish to, but it will do no 
good. My hour has come and I must go.' And 
he closed his eyes in death. It was a strange 
circumstance and made such an impression up- 
on my mind that I shall never forget it." 

The period covered by this chapter was one 
of strenuous agricultural efforts. To the cul- 
tivation of the soil he gave both hand and 
heart. We need not therefore wonder that he 
relates with pride some of his accomplish- 
ments as a farmer. Any man might feel proud 
that he had raised as many as seventy-four 
bushels of wheat to the acre and that he had 
averaged during a period of three years seven 
hundred bushels of potatoes to the acre. That 
was certainly a generous response of the soil 
to enlightened labor. 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. Ill 



CHAPTER VI. 

BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 

Forest Dale was organized as an independent 
ward of the Church, August 23, 1896. Its 
boundaries were established as follows : Com- 
mencing at the intersection of 12th south and 
9th east, the eastern boundary extended from 
12th to 13th south ; the southern boundary west 
along 13th south to 5th east; the western boun- 
dary, north along 5th east to 12th south ; thence 
on 12th south to 9th east. James Jensen be- 
came its bishop, and Royal B. Young and 
James Hendry were his counselors. 

The ward over which the new Bishop was 
called to preside has a peculiar historical im- 
portance that entitles it to a passing notice in 
the narration of events associated with the life 
of James Jensen. The early history of the ward 
has been compiled with painstaking care by 
the ward historian, Stephen H. Love, to whom 
I am indebted for the account hereinafter giv- 
en. Elder Love in turn acknowledges his in- 



112 JAMES JENSEN 

debtedness to Hamilton G. Park, an employee 
of President Young, for much of the informa- 
tion which he was able to gather concerning 
the early history of the place. 

In earlier days, what subsequently became 
Forest Dale, was known as the "Forest" Farm, 
which occupied originally an area of one 
square mile. In the location of farms in the 
early history of Salt Lake Valley, President 
Young acquired the ownership of the place. It 
was noted among other things as the place on 
which the first sugar beets were ever grown 
within the territory. Seed for the beets was 
brought over from France by Apostle John 
Taylor. Machinery was subsequently imported 
for the manufacture of sugar. The beets met 
the required standard of saccharine ; but the 
machinery, primitive when compared with that 
at present employed in the manufacture of 
sugar, was not satisfactory. These early efforts, 
therefore, resulted in a failure. The beets, 
however, were used for making molasses. 

The next important thing for which Forest 
Dale was noted in the early history of Utah, 
was the introduction of alfalfa. Hamilton 
Park gives the following account of his ex- 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 113 

periences in handling the hay : "I shall never 
forget when the -first alfalfa was about ready 
to cut. President Young advertised for some 
one who knew how to cure the hay. He se- 
cured no one and the task fell upon me. After 
cutting the lucern it was put into the barn. In- 
side it began to smoulder and smoke and I 
was obliged to take it out of the stable for 
fear the barn might burn down." 

The third item of historical importance was 
the introduction of silk production in Utah. 
Elder Park gives the following interesting ac- 
count of that effort: "William Buttle, Wil- 
liam Hart, and I planted the seed from which 
the old mulberry grove there grew. President 
Young came to the farm with the seed and 
said, 'Hamilton, I want about an acre of 
ground prepared. It must be put in good 
shape because this is precious seed all the 
way from France.' He handed me a package 
containing between two and three pounds of 
what looked to me like mustard seed. We 
prepared the ground carefully, plowed, and 
harrowed it five or six times. President Young 
then came down to see us plant it. He asked 
us to plant the seed thick because some of it 



114 JAMES JENSEN 

might not germinate. We did so and the young 
trees came up as thick as the hair on a dog's 
back. The trees grew rapidly and then a 
cocoonery was built. Silk worms were im- 
ported from France and a Frenchman who un- 
derstood sericulture was brought over. In ad- 
dition to the interest hich the President took 
in the matter, Aunt Zina appeared to be- the 
leading spirit, and quite a number of his daugh- 
ters took an active interest in the enterprise. 
Aunt Zina was very faithful but the girls did 
not find in the work so much enthusiasm. When 
the little worms hatched out and went to work 
on the fresh green leaves, we thought the ques- 
tion of producing silk in Utah was solved. 
We soon discovered, however, that it took a 
great deal of patience, skill, and expert work 
before the silk fabric was produced, but its 
production was finally accomplished." Those 
who have witnessed the tedious process by 
which silk is grown and woven, in European 
countries like Italy and France, will easily ap- 
preciate the difficulties which could not be sur- 
mounted in those early days of Utah. 

Of special interest historically, is the old 
farm-house which still stands as a landmark in 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 115 

the early history of Utah. According to Mr. 
Park it was commenced in the fall of 1861 and 
completed in 1863. President Young often en- 
joyed his work there, and looked upon it with 
feelings of pride. It was there that distin- 
guished travelers between California and the 
East were often entertained through the hospi- 
tality of President Young. '*We thought it a 
great house in those days. In fact, it was 
the best farm house and stood on the best farm 
in the valley," said Park. After the death of 
President Young this historical building came 
into the ownership of Apostle Brigham Young, 
from whom its ownership was conveyed to 
John W. Young, who in turn sold it to George 
M. Cannon in 1889. 

The conception of this beautiful suburb 
originated with George M. Cannon, who di- 
vided up the land covered by his purchase in- 
to building lots. He began at once the settle- 
ment of the place by inviting purchasers from 
among those he believed to be good citizens 
and agreeable neighbors. The rapid growth 
of the community was largely the result of his 
efforts in securing settlers and street car trans- 
portation facilities. The community will al- 



116 JAMES JENSEN 

ways be a monument to the foresight of the 
man who is often honorably mentioned as the 
"Father of Forest Dale." 

The first movement for the settlement of the 
community began in 1890 when Royal B. 
Young and his brother Joseph erected choice 
homes on 5th east street. About the same time 
the homes of George M. Cannon, James Jen- 
sen, Thomas Henderson, Orson Rummel, N. 
S. Timpson, and Stephen Love were erected. 
The following year brought to the "Dale" Jo- 
seph W. Summerhays, M. C. Morris, James 
McMurrin, and William Spry. The social life 
in Forest Dale in those early days was so pleas- 
ant that many were attracted to the new com- 
munity because of the simple life and heart- 
felt recreation of the people. Amongst the 
people ther€ the spirit of fraternal good will 
prevailed. There was a mutual interest in the 
welfare of its inhabitants that has perhaps 
never been excelled anywhere throughout the 
Church. Public and leading men gladly ac- 
cepted invitations to visit Forest Dale and to 
address the Saints in the old farm-house, which 
had been tastefully arranged and furnished for 
public worship. Ward organizations sprang 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 117 

rapidly into existence and the population of the 
community grew with wonderful rapidity. Th - 
new comers consisted largely of progressive 
young men who were ambitious to bring about 
ideal conditions in the growth of their chosen 
home town. Public improvements were made 
as rapidly as their means would permit and 
finally a beautiful meeting-house was con- 
structed. In its surroundings and architecture 
its beauty is perhaps no where excelled 
throughout all the Church. As a rule the homes 
while commodious are unpretentious. Good 
order prevails. Friendship among the people 
and brotherly love are proverbial. Forest Dale 
in 1910 became the largest ward in the Granite 
Stake of Zion, and it is said that Granite is the 
largest stake in the Church. 

Interwoven in the history of Forest Dale 
ward is the life of James Jensen who has been 
from its organization loyally and lovingly sus- 
tained by probably every member of the ward. 
No one has ever questioned his peculiar fitness 
for the leadership which he has enjoyed. There 
follows more detailed narration of the indi- 
vidual part he played in the up-building of the 
community and the honors he has received at 



118 JAMES JENSEN 

the hands of the people over whom he pre- 
sides, which are the best evidence of the peo- 
ple's devotion and loving confidence in their 
leader. 

The Bishop received his appointment with 
some reluctance. He had taken up the duties 
of his office with many misgivings about his 
ability to carry the responsibilities of his call- 
ing. The people did not share the fears which 
troubled him, and they were anxious that he 
should know how pleased they were with his 
administration. On the evening of the 8th of 
September, 1897, they tendered him at a sur- 
prise party in the Farm House a beautiful 
testimonial of their esteem and confidence. As 
a souvenir of the occasion he was presented 
by them with a gold headed cane. (See ap-_ 
pendix A.) 

After reading to the subject of this sketch 
the early history of Forest Dale Ward, I was 
told that it might be all right except for one 
thing, and that was the failure to recognize 
the important part taken by George M. Can- 
non in everything relating to the welfare of 
the community, religiously and materially. I 
make hereby the honorable amende and give 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 119 

the following words emphatically spoken by 
our good Bishop. 

"No two men in Forest Dale have contrib- 
uted so much money and so much time to the 
ward as George M. Cannon. - Really I might 
make this statement stronger than that. It 
would take several to equal him in contribu- 
tion; and what to my mind is equally impor- 
tant, if not more so, is the most excellent judg- 
ment he has always shown upon every ques- 
tion. The people of Forest Dale, as a rule, 
don't begin to understand how much Brother 
Cannon has done for Forest Dale, and I could 
not consent to have any words of praise given 
in behalf of our community which he did not 
share. Of course, the town will always be a 
monument to his wisdom, to his good advice, 
and to his generosity. We have, it is true, a 
large number of big-hearted men and women 
whose helpfulness has been all that could be 
desired, but I think that this special mention 
is due Brother Cannon; and if it were not 
given, those who read the book would feel some 
disappointment by reason of such an omission. 

''On February 3, 1899 we gave Brother 
George M. Cannon a surprise in recognition 



120 JAMES JENSEN 

of what he had done for the ward and you 
may insert the following statement and reso- 
lution offered by the Bishop and unanimously 
adopted by all present: 

Forest Dale, Utah, February jrd, 1899. 
Dear Brother, George M. Cannon. 

We have long felt that you should know that the 
prominent part which you have taken in building up 
this ideal community is appreciated by every officer 
and member of this united, loving, and God-fearing 
people now composing Forest Dale Ward. 

Since the year 1891, when you and your amiable 
wife and loving children made Forest Dale your 
home, we have learned to know you, and to love you. 
Your frank, loving, and gentle ways, with rich and 
poor alike, have won for you a tender spot in the 
heart of every man, woman, and child in this ward. 

Your ability and sound judgment have caused your 
counsel to be eagerly sought, which has been 
most pleasantly and willingly given. Your kind and 
good advice in meetings, on street cars, and on the 
road side, to our boys and girls, has gained for you 
the lasting gratitude of many parents and the love 
and esteem of our young people. 

We owe to you, esteemed friend, much of our suc- 
cess as a ward. You have not only furnished us 
with this dear old house in which we are now as- 
sembled to do you honor, but you have been among 
the foremost to assist in making the necessary 
changes for the accommodation of our people. 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 121 

THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that we, the 
people of Forest Dale, tender Brother George M. 
Cannon our sincere thanks, kindest regards, and best 
wishes. We admire him as a citizen, a neighbor, and 
a Latter-day Saint; and we unitedly say, God bless 
Brother George M. Cannon and his family. 
James Jensen, Bishop. 

In behalf of the people of 

Forest Dale Ward. 

The Forest Dale meetinghouse will always 
be linked in the memories of the people with 
the life and labors of the man who first pre- 
sided within its walls over the congregations of 
the people. A special meeting was held in the 
old Farm House, December 17, 1900, when the 
question of erecting a new ward house was 
taken into consideration. The Bishop presided 
at the meeting where he submitted to those 
present the following for their deliberation and 
decision : 

1st — Do we need a ward house? 

2nd — Do we want such a house? 

3rd — What kind of a house do we want? 

4th — Will we stand by each other in carry- 
ing the decision of this meeting into effect ? 

After the decision was reached, a building 



122 JAMES JENSEN 

committee was appointed and unanimously 
sustained. Thus began the beautiful ward 
home that now adorns Forest Dale. 

Subsequently the matter of a new ward 
house was submitted to a congregation as- 
sembled in Sabbath worship. The Bishop sub- 
mitted the question of collecting the means for 
its erection. The Saints were unanimous in 
the decision that allotments be made to the sev- 
eral families of the ward, and that the com- 
mittee chosen by the ward that day act in as- 
signing to the members the several amounts the 
committee believed each one able to pay. 

"The response of the people to the demands 
of this new enterprise has in it some of the most 
beautiful recollections of my life," said the Bish- 
op. ''All were satisfied with the allotments made 
and many paid more than they agreed to. There 
was a most pleasing enthusiasm among a num- 
ber of the brothers and sisters who made their 
contribution to our ward house a source of 
genuine pride. One of the members of the 
ward made contributions for and in behalf of 
thirteen of our widowed sisters, but as far as 
I know, they never learned who the person was 
that so kindly remembered them. Some of the 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 123 

widows to whom five dollars each was alloted 
increased their contributions sixfold. A broth- 
er who was at the time presiding over the 
European mission learning of this generous ef- 
fort on the part of our widows sent for their 
names and forwarded each, upon receiving 
them, a check for the full amount of the sum 
donated by them. Out of respect to his wishes 
in the matter, I am not permitted to use his 
name. What to these sisters was more prec- 
ious than the money received were the letters 
containing the good will and blessings of their 
author. 

''There are many circumstances connected 
with the generous contributions of the people 
that might be related if I felt at liberty to give 
the names of the donors and the expressions 
of their good cheer under all circumstances. I 
would like very much to mention the names of 
those most active and faithful in the erection of 
our new ward house if I could do so without 
any appearance of partiality. The people, how- 
ever, have in their minds those men and wom- 
en who are always generous, even enthusiastic 
in all they do. Brother Melvin Morris was 



124 JAMES JENSEN 

our treasurer. What a faithful man he was in 
that office! 

"The corner-stone was laid in 1902. John W. 
Taylor pronounced the benediction. The build- 
ing was completed and dedicated on the 23rd 
of July, 1905. President Joseph F. Smith of- 
fered the dedicatory prayer. (Appendix B.) 
The building has cost us in round numbers 
twenty-six thousand dollars, and the Presi- 
dency of the Church kindly remembered us in 
our efforts. 

"Some of the choicest memories of my life 
are associated with the old Farm House. The 
ward was not so large in those early days and 
there was among the people a brotherly and 
sisterly love which was really beautiful and in- 
spiring. Our gatherings there were devoid of 
all ceremony and affectation and we were just 
like one large, happy family. In that old build- 
ing there was something so sincere in our wor- 
ship and so simple, so free from jealousy, envy, 
or disagreeable circumstances, that I really left 
the dear old place with feelings of regret. Of 
course we had outgrown it and needed more 
room, but we shall all remember those happy 
days. 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 125 

'The first meeting held by the ward m the 
new building was December 6, 1903. It was 
a sort of farewell parting to our old ward 
home. The spirit of familiarity and jovial re- 
lations was shown in the poems read by Broth- 
er Ashton on that occasion." 

''The last fast meeting held in the old 
building made such a peculiar and lasting 
impression on my -feelings that I shall never 
forget some of the things which took place 
at the time. One circumstance I would 
like to relate before closing what I have 
to say. It was a fast day. Just after 
the meeting opened, we set apart some of 
our young people as religion class teachers. 
Among them was Miss Louie Morris and it fell 
to Brother Royal B. Young to lead in prayer. 
After pronouncing the usual blessing upon her, 
he hesitated a moment and then in words of 
prayer he promised her the gift of tongues. 
'The use of which,' he continued, 'you shall this 
day make.' When Brother Young sat down 
by me after this part of our services was com- 
pleted I remarked, 'How did you dare make 
such a promise?' He was evidently as fearful 
as I was about the words he had spoken, and 



126 JAMES JENSEN 

the meeting went on, but as it neared the end 
I became more and more fearful about what 
had been said by way of promise to our young 
sister. Brother Royal, I noticed, was himself 
very nervous. We were about to close our 
meeting when Sister Louie Morris arose and 
spoke in tongues. She was in the choir be- 
hind the seats occupied by the bishopric. I 
turned and looked at her. Her hands moved 
out gently over us and I do not think in my 
Hfe I ever beheld a more beautiful face. She 
spoke in a strange language and in a free, easy, 
and soothing manner. Her words carried with 
them a strong conviction to my mind. To 
Brother Royal B. Young the power of inter- 
pretation was given. She spoke of him and 
others and in directing her remarks to him she 
said, 'Other and great trials still await you and 
you should be prepared to meet them.' To 
my mind the spirit of that fast meeting was a 
beautiful testimony of the true spirit of wor- 
ship which we had always enjoyed in that 
building. It was an appropriate ending to our 
fast day services there." 

While most of Bishop Jensen's time was oc- 
cupied in the affairs of the ward, he found 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 127 

some diversion by reason of his interests in 
Canada. A few years before, some of his boys 
had gone to that country for the purpose of 
estabHshing homes. Later on he made some 
investments! there with the view of aiding his 
children in their pioneer work in that land. His 
son, William H., and Miss Pitt were the first 
couple married in Raymond, and as a reward 
for this novel and pioneer movement, J. Wil- 
liam Knight gave them ten dollars, and Charles 
McCarty, one week's entertainment at the hotel 
free. 

For some time Canada occupied a prominent 
place in the thoughts and feelings of the 
Bishop. Three of his sons were there, and his 
daughter, Annie, wife of Soren Neve, joined 
her brothers, and was there in 1904 in a crit- 
ically dangerous condition when the Bishop 
and his good wife hastened to the bedside of 
his daughter whose home they reached on the 
13th of February, 1904. 

In Alberta, in February, they sometimes 
have delightful days and sometimes the ther- 
mometer may be so far below zero as to con- 
geal the marrow in the bones. When they 
reached Sterling, they found one of those aw- 



128 JAMES JENSEN 

ful drops in the thermometer, and through a 
misunderstanding they were not met by their 
sons at the station where they ahghted. The 
distance from SterHng to the John M. Cannon 
farm where their sons lived was only five 
miles. Their great anxiety to learn the condi- 
tion of their daughter who was then in Ma- 
grath would admit of no delay. A mile's 
travel at that time was sufficient to endanger 
their lives unless they were prepared for such 
an emergency. They found a man at the sta- 
tion with a carriage drawn by a large slow- 
moving span of draft horses. There were no 
wraps in the carriage either for safety or com- 
fort and they were not prepared by what they 
brought with them for such an emergency. 
Think of such a ride ! the thermometer twenty 
degrees below zero, slow team, and no wraps. 
"Well," the Bishop said, "I thought we should 
freeze to death," and the wonder is that both of 
them did not freeze to death under the circum- 
stances. He classes that event as one of the 
very peculiar circumstances of his life. To say 
the least it was a hazardous undertaking. 

During the years 1906-7 nothing out of the 
ordinary daily routine of life occurred as im- 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 129 

portant history in the subject of this sketch. 
The year 1908, after a little more than ten 
year's services as Bishop of the ward, its mem- 
bers in spontaneous unison prepared another 
surprise for their good Bishop. The follow- 
ing is copied from the Deseret Evening Nezvs: 

TESTIMONIAL TO BISHOP JENSEN 

''That the people of Forest Dale Ward high- 
ly esteem Bishop James Jensen was abundantly 
evidenced in the proceedings in the ward meet- 
inghouse at the regular services on Sunday 
evening. Under the plea of devoting an eve- 
ning to the auxiliary organizations of the ward, 
a committee obtained permission from the bish- 
opric to arrange a program and conduct the 
exercises that evening. Word was then quietly 
circulated through the ward that the evening 
was intended to be devoted to not only the 
auxiliary work, but also as a testimonial to the 
Bishop. 

"At the hour for the meeting the regular seats 
were completely filled and chairs were brought 
in and every foot of available room occupied, 
while some late comers were obliged to remain 

10 



130 JAMES JENSEN 

standing. Brief addresses were then made by 
representatives of the priesthood of the ward 
and of each auxiHary organization, after which 
written sentiments of the esteem in which the 
Bishop is held by the people were read by Jo- 
seph W. Musser. These sentiments opened 
with those from the counselors of the Bishop 
and included all grades of the priesthood of 
the ward and the auxiliary organizations. They 
had been carefully typewritten, then signed by 
the representatives of the people and elegantly 
bound in limp leather, the inscription on the 
back being done in gold leaf in the best style 
of the Dcseret Neivs bindery. (Appendix C.) 
''Counselor Royal B. Young then, on behalf 
of the people, in a few well chosen words, pre- 
sented the Bishop with a fine Waltham watch 
in a solid gold case, upon the inside of which 
were inscribed the words. To Bishop James 
Jensen, from the people of Forest Dale ward, 
Jan. 19, 1908.' The Bishop was deeply af- 
fected by the sentiments expressed and modest- 
ly disclaimed any actions on his part entitling 
him to the consideration shown, but thanking 
the people for their expressions of esteem and 
good will and asking their help to make the 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 131 

ward a model in union and in progresive spirit. 
George M. Cannon had been chosen by the 
committee to conduct the exercises. One of the 
most pleasing features of the evening was the 
singing — solos, ladies' chorus and the choir, 
all the music being arranged and conducted by 
James T. Dunbar, the ward chorister." 

The year 1909 brought some changes in the 
ward organization. Brother Royal B. Young, 
who had for so many years served as first coun- 
selor to the Bishop, resigned amid expressions 
of the heart-felt regrets of the entire ward, 
who will alw^ays hold in loving memory his 
cheerful and encouraging testimonies and ad- 
monitions. Elder James Hendry was then se- 
lected first counselor and Eugene M. Cannon 
second counselor in the bishopric. 

The summer of 1910 brought to Bishop Jen- 
sen apprehensions about his physical condition. 
He felt that unless some drastic remedy were 
undertaken that he could not long enjoy life. 
On the 14th of July that year he therefore un- 
derwent a surgical operation at the L. D. S. 
Hospital. His condition was so critcal that it 
needed the faithful and constant watch-care of 



132 JAMES JENSEN 

his wife, who for ten years had been the presi- 
dent of the ReHef Society of the ward. That 
she might devote undisturbed her attentions 
thereafter to her husband, she was honorably 
released from her calling after years of faithful 
service. The members of the ward for weeks 
received daily the reports of their Bishop's con- 
dition as he lay in the hospital. Loving hands 
carried almost daily bonquets of flowers to the 
sick room that he might be animated and re- 
freshed by their beauty and sweet perfume. 

He remembers the kind ministrations of his 
nurse, Miss Minnie Wheeler, and speaks of her 
with feelings of gratitude. He has little to say 
of himself or of his thought and feelings as he 
lay upon his sick bed wondering about the con- 
ditions of eternity. However, he often men- 
tioned the faithful services of his kind coun- 
selors and Brother Weiler, the ward clerk, who 
were all so indefatigable in looking after the 
welfare and progress of the ward. 

In concluding this tribute to the memory of 
Bishop James Jensen, the writer undertakes 
to say in behalf of the good people over whom 
their faithful Bishop has presided for so many 
years, that he has inspired them with patriotic 



BISHOP OF FOREST DALE. 133 

and loyal determination to accomplish the best 
within them. Their wish to please and honor 
him has manifested itself in the unity and good 
cheer of the home, in cleanly and orderly home 
surroundings, and in their devotion to Sabbath 
worship. In the erection of homes in Forest 
Dale people have unanimously and cheerfully 
respected the wishes of their Bishop who has 
kindly admonished them to respect the wishes 
and feelings of the people in the position and 
erection of their houses. It is an orderly com- 
munity. Its beautiful surroundings and good 
order will remain a testimonial to his faithful 
and devoted services. 



134 JAMES JENSEN 

CHAPTER VII. 

CHARACTER SKETCH. 

Few bishops in the Church have been more 
highly respected by the people over whom they 
presided than is Bishop James Jensen of the 
Forest Dale Ward. His administration of the 
duties of the important office to which he has 
been called has won the admiration of his flock 
and commanded their prompt response and 
heart-felt loyalty. 

Bishop Jensen is a man somewhat large 
in stature, of muscular form, and active move- 
ments. His powers of observation and reason 
are well developed, and his mental activity of 
a high order. He naturally has felt the ab- 
sence of an early school training whose advan- 
tages he had the power of mmd and heart to 
put to superior use. He clearly comprehends 
the resources which a better training would 
have placed at his command, and he there- 
fore has had some regrets which touched him 
deeply. He never underestimated the value of 
an education, because his mental grasp was so 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 135 

broad and his judgment so well balanced that 
he could have put the lessons of the school to 
most excellent service. His reasonmg powers 
qualified him to grasp the general problems of 
life. He approaches men as a man of affairs 
and takes a deep interest in public questions. 

He is not a man of adventurous excesses, 
and has kept himself well within safe limits. 
His ideas are never extravagant and are gen- 
erally well considered before they are ex- 
pressed. His mental reservations constitute 
one of his chief characteristics. "I have my 
own opinions all the same," is a commonplace 
expression that tells the whole story of an 
independent judgment. He has thought things 
out for himself, and must therefore from con- 
viction be in harmony with other peoples' the- 
ories before he is ready to accept them. 

His lofty spiritual and intellectual nature has 
made it quite impossible for him to do anything 
small or mean. "1 would be above it," is the 
language of the man when taking exceptions to 
things that were unworthy or deceptive. James 
Jensen has never deceived any one. His way 
and methods are in the open, everybody 
knows that he is on the side of his best judg- 



136 JAMES JENSEN 

ment and of his conscience, and they are usu- 
ally sound. When he puts his hand to a task, 
he gives to it the best there is in him, and 
then after due deliberation. He has always 
made a study of every possibility of failure. 
He is scrupulously anxious to be on the right 
side of every question, of every undertaking. 
He prefers to make due allowance for other 
mens' failures in public life, and has something 
generally in reserve to make good that which is 
lacking in them. He is rarely the first man to 
launch an enterprise or devise some needed 
improvement ; but when once he puts his hand 
to the plow, he is one of the last to look back. 
In the race of life, he has been careful not to 
take on a pace which he could not keep up. 

Bishop Jensen belongs to a class of men who 
grow, grow all their lives. His last days are 
his best. His reserve powers are not like those 
of many — exhausted in early life. The super- 
abundance of vitality with which he. has been 
endowed fed both his spiritual and intellectual 
nature. He sees things more clearly as time 
goes on. His reasoning powers have grown 
with experience and with their application. He 
has out-grown in a large measure timidity 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 137 

and has gradually felt the self-confidence which 
comes from accuracy and care. The spirit of 
equality has developed within him as he has 
felt his own strength come up to that of his 
associates. He has been so unconscious of his 
own qualities of head and heart that the great- 
est mistake of his public life has been the in- 
feriority he attaches to them. From discussing 
a limited number of questions in the beginning, 
he has extended his horizon to the view of all 
questions necessary to the well-being of those 
over whom he has presided. He has grown 
more rapidly in the estimation of others than 
in his own estimation. To them his latent re- 
sources have been more apparent. He has 
aimed intellectually more at the safe side of a 
proposition that at a brilliant display of wis- 
dom. 

Though he has laid no claim to any special 
knowledge of theological questions, his judg- 
ment on religious subjects has always been 
sound. The people therefore have felt that h'" 
was a ''safe" man to follow and no one has 
doubted him half so much as he has doubted 
himself. His self-depreciation has never been 
shared by the members of his ward, and this 



138 JAMES JENSEN 

has been, perhaps, the weakest point in the 
general character of the man. He, all along, 
has been painfully afraid of mistakes, and a 
mistake has been so much dreaded at times 
that he hesitated where others have been fear- 
less. 

Such a character as Bishop James Jensen will 
grow in the appreciation and memories of the 
people long after his own generation has passed 
away. It would, perhaps, not be correct to 
speak of him as a model Bishop, yet he has 
been such an example of what we regard as 
the highest type of man in that office that some 
analysis of the character of the man will be 
helpful to every Bishop in the Church, and to 
every one who takes pride in the Bishop of the 
ward in which he lives. His life and the qual- 
ity of his heart and mind ave worthy of re- 
spectful attention by all who esteem the high 
office which he has filled so admirably and with 
such satisfaction to his people, for they are his 
— he possesses their love and loyalty. Let 
others see him as his own see him. 

The humble circumstances of his birth, his 
early struggles, and the disadvantages with 
which he had to meet the hardships of a com- 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 139 

munity in process of transformation all made 
him clearly conscious of what ''might have 
been." He has reckoned his losses in the many 
unequal struggles to which he has been sub- 
jected and sought to ''make good" where the 
possibilities were in his favor. He has kept his 
eye on the people, especially on those whose 
qualifications he admired, and has made their 
lives profitable to his own. He has been all his 
life unconsciously looking up. That habit has 
made him painfully conscious when called to 
responsible action himself. 

It would be wrong to speak of Bishop Jen- 
sen as an uneducated man. He has been a 
close student of human nature and of human 
endeavor. His knowledge of men and the 
underlying quality of their lives has been truly 
remarkable. Such knowledge has come to him 
intuitively and he could not easily be shaken 
in the estimates which he makes of others. 
He has never given much attention to the de- 
tails by which he arrived at a conclusion re- 
specting men or things. He has been given 
the power to grasp things in their entirety. 
His judgments, therefore, are not broken or 
fragmentary. They are the finished product of 



140 JAMES JENSEN 

his mind. He is consequently not given to ar- 
guments. You have his ideas and you may 
take them for what they are worth. Con- 
scious of the wholesale manner in which he 
reaches conclusions, he gives them out spar- 
ingly. Then, he knows himself better even 
than he knows others; and being honest with 
himself, he is not easily reached by flattery, 
nor warped by other people's views. 

Besides, he has felt keenly the responsibility 
of every act which touched the welfare and 
happiness of others. That responsibility he as- 
sumed fully and honestly. No man ever suf- 
fered for a mistake which James Jensen shifted 
from his own shoulders. Expecting to meet 
manfully the full results of whatever he did, 
he has felt compelled to follow an unbiased 
judgment rather than a prejudice imbibed from 
other men's opinions. If he felt uncertain, he 
said so, and sought the aid of others in making 
his way clear. When it is said that he reaches 
conclusions in a wholesale manner, it must not 
be inferred that he reaches them hastily. On 
the contrary, he takes his time. His uncertain- 
ties and his unripened judgments he rarely 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 141 

imposes upon others. If it were necessary to 
wait a month or a year, he waited. 

Bishop Jensen is a wise man, a man of sound 
judgment. Wisdom is the fruit of the spirit 
rather than of the mind ; but there is a beauti- 
ful harmony between what he feels and what 
he thinks. There are few disproportions between 
his teachings and his conduct. He is extreme- 
ly sensitive to inconsistencies. That word "in- 
consistent" often falls from his lips. Incon- 
sistencies annoy him and make him impatient. 
He is quick to detect them in others and is al- 
ways on his guard against them in himself. 
His admonitions are therefore always timely. 
What he says is taken seriously, and the truth 
of his words are confirmed as much in the feel- 
ings as in the minds of those who hear him. 
His unquestioned sincerity and simple honesty 
cause him to speak as one having authority, 
though the authority with which he is clothed 
is never conspicuous. He is more timid in the 
exercise of his authority than are those over 
whom it is exercised. No man or woman has 
ever feared his authority. People have loved 
it and magnified its importance a hundredfold 
more than he has. He dreaded its exercise, 



142 JAMES JENSEN 

if by its exercise it was to reprove or reproach. 

He has never gone about conscious that he 
was Bishop of the ward. He has had to be 
reminded by some pubHc manifestations of 
loyalty. The people have not let him forget 
that he is their Bishop, and hence the frequent 
surprises and repeated evidences of their es- 
teem. His native simplicity and untiring ser- 
vice have exalted the office he holds in the es- 
timation of the people of Forest Dale. They 
have made it by their loyalty and devotion a 
great honor to be a bishop, especially their 
Bishop. But if they were jealous of the dignity 
of the office which he held, and exalted his au- 
thority, they have never thought of wresting 
any exercise of it from him. He knows well 
his responsibility and has never surrendered it. 
He keeps his hand firmly on the helm, as 
though he were a pilot sensible of his obligation 
to keep the ship of church in safe course and 
in the right direction. The simplicity of his 
conduct makes one think that it is the simplest 
thing in the w^orld to be wise. If wisdom is a 
simple thing, it does not follow that all simple 
things are wisdom. 

Saying that Bishop Jensen is not given to 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 143 

analysis does not say that he lacks the powers 
of discrimination. He is quick to classify 
men and events. He works thoughtfully at 
the problems he has to solve in dealing with 
the affairs of his ward. ''It will have to work 
itself out," he is wont to say. He well under- 
stands that there are some problems that only 
time and patience can solve. He is not 
therefore a ''meddler'' whose interference rath- 
er hinders than helps. He has patience to 
await the results of time, and the good sense 
to profit by his observations, and in turn make 
them helpful to others. 

His sense of the peculiar fitness of things 
is clear. To him there is a proper time and a 
proper place for both words and conduct. "It 
didn't strike me just right," he would say of 
some illy timed remark. His spirit is attuned 
to the harmonies of time and place, and he suf- 
fers when there is a discord in his surround- 
ings. Many a man and woman will remember 
his nervous, restless shrugs and unhappy facial 
expressions as he listened on the stand to some 
extravagant expressions, or to some illogical 
or inconsistent statement. He has a fine sense 
of appreciation for the humorous when the oc- 



144 JAMES JENSEN 

casion is fitting, but he never enjoys incon- 
gruous joking from the pulpit during the hours 
of worship. How often a painful expression 
has stolen over his face as he has listened to 
some foolish witticism. His face is generally 
a good index for the guidance of the audience 
in the matter of questionable utterances. With 
him, worship is an act of the greatest solemn- 
ity, and he is greatly disturbed by any discord- 
ant notes. "I don't like it, but what shall I 
say." That he did not like it was enough for 
those who could understand. There are prac- 
tical jokers, perhaps, in every ward. There 
have been such in his, but they have been re- 
strained. 'Tt takes time, and I prefer that they 
themselves see how wrong and foolish it is to 
desecrate the Sabbath by such inappropriate 
remarks," he would say when others grew 
critically impatient. 

Bishop Jensen is not a preacher, but his 
speaking is always enjoyed. It is to the 
point and comes from the heart. He is not 
so much concerned about teaching things that 
are new and refreshing as he is about peo- 
ple living up to the knowledge they already 
have. "What are we doing as individuals and 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 145 

as a ward?" is a question he frequently puts 
to the people. "Let us stop and reflect,"' and 
he persuaded people to stop and reflect — a most 
excellent practice. When he said "don't" it 
was a heart-felt desire which all understood. It 
is his presence in the meetings and his well 
known wishes that govern the character of 
the worship of his ward more than anything he 
says. When for any reason he is absent, he is 
greatly missed. 

He always comes to his meetings ready — 
ready to worship. His mind is on it, and 
there is a prayerful desire that actuates him 
in all his movements and directions. His mind 
is not wandering, his interests are not di- 
vided, and his devotions are not dissipated by 
things foreign to the spirit of worship. He 
is thinking of God, and wants every one else 
to think of Him. People quickly learned to 
follow him in public worship. They under- 
stood his spirit and liked it. That has made 
the meetings of Forest Dale interesting, even 
when some or much of the talking was dry. 

He also has a high sense of the dignity of 
worship. There is order in all that is done. 
The deacons are trained for the service of the 

11 



146 JAMES JENSEN 

sacrament. It is a pleasing picture. The 
priests, too, act with promptness and in the 
spirit of their calling. It is remarkable how 
well these young boys respond to the wishes 
and instructions of their Bishop who does not 
allow the observance of the Sabbath to sink to 
the level of a commonplace duty. He takes 
a special pride in worship and gives a dignity 
to it which all enjoy. 

A Bishop with such a reverend regard for 
his Maker could not well neglect the rights 
and privileges of His children. He imparts 
feelings of dignity to every member of the 
ward with whom he comes in contact. His 
greetings are always cordial, and his interest 
in every member of the ward is so genuine that 
his presence makes people turn their thoughts 
upon themselves rather than upon him. He is 
a man who invites confidence, and secrets are 
carefully guarded. His sympathetic nature 
attracts people to him for comfort and consola- 
tion. Who that has known him does not re- 
member the earnest tone of his voice when he 
has responded to the needs of those seeking 
counsel or consolation. He is a man of an 
affectionate nature — a nature enjoyed by every 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 147 

living" soul that comes within its influence. His 
love is of that lofty character that has drawn all 
people to him, young and old, male and female 
alike. It is an impartial love which all may 
partake of freely. There are no favored few, 
no inner circle. He is everybodys' Bishop, be- 
cause he loves everybody. Nor is his love 
measured by any special standard of worthi- 
ness. He loves because he enjoys loving, and 
because he wants to do good. If it fails to re- 
ceive a response, it is not his fault for it is given 
freely. 

What the people have thought of him is best 
told in the testimonials which it was their 
pleasure to give and his gratitude to receive. 
They are a part of the record of this biography. 
They do not, however, tell it all. They are as- 
surances and appreciations. They are not pri- 
vate opinions and do not express that close 
personal relation that a few members of the 
ward have enjoyed with him individually. The 
people have known that he not only has the 
desire to be just, but he has the ability to be so. 
His nature is strong as well as loving. He has 
not been misled by shams, and therefore the 
people have trusted his judgment and felt the 



148 JAMES JENSEN 

wisdom of the justice which he administered. 
He is not easily shaken, nor does he lose his 
moorings. 

He has also been generous in his instincts, 
and made due allowance for every phase of 
human nature. His expectations have not been 
so high respecting human nature that he has 
been disappointed in the discovery of men's 
weaknesses. Men have trusted to him their 
faults as they have their virtues. His charity 
has been broad enough to cover the former as 
his appreciation has been full enough to value 
the later. He has a standard of his own. He 
might modify it, but he would not surrender 
it. It has always been as good as the facts 
justified, and new facts he has been willing to 
accept and has given to them their proper bear- 
ing in the formation of his judgment. 

James Jensen is a good judge of human na- 
ture. He does not hesitate to criticise when- 
ever he feels it his duty to do so, but he is gen- 
erally sure of his ground. His criticisms, how- 
ever, have never degenerated into a prejudice 
from which he could not divest himself. His 
words of reproof were sent forth on a mission 
for good as well as his words of confidence 



CHARACTER SKETCH. 149 

and love. If they did not accomplish good, he 
saw to it that they did no evil. It would be 
hard to say just why Bishop Jensen is so. His 
is a spirit whose powers and possibilities were 
never well known till the hour of his public 
responsibility came. He might have taken 
these qualities of head and heart to the grave, 
unknown, but they are his and they are a rich 
inheritance for his eternal good, whether in 
this world or in the world to come. The grave 
is not the judgment scene. It lies away be- 
yond. It is hard to believe that this life has 
seen the full possibilities of Bishop Jensen's 
spirit. May it grow through all eternity, and 
may he hereafter be all that God made it pos- 
sible for him to be ! 



150 JAMES JENSEN 



APPENDIX A. 



To Bishop James Jensen, from the Saints 
OF Forest Dale Ward, September, 1897. 



A small collection of sentiments of welcome 
and confidence, tendered Bishop Jensen on the 
occasion of the gathering in the "Old Farm 
House," Forest Dale Ward, September 8, 1897, 
in which all the members of the ward joined, 
honoring their greatly beloved Bishop. 

Bishop James Jensen: . 

We, your brethren in the Bishopric, in be- 
half of ourselves and the teachers of Forest 
Dale Ward, desire to express our love and es- 
teem for you as a brother and a servant of God. 
In the discharge of your duties as the Bishop 
of this ward we pledge you our services in 
holding up your hands, and in sustaining you. 
Praying the blessings of God upon you and 
yours, we subscribe ourselves, 
Your brethren. 

Royal B. Young, 
James Hendry, 



APPENDIX A. 151 



THE RELIEF SOCIETY. 



Bishop James Jensen: 

We have met this evening as children of one 
family to pay honor to you, the Father of our 
Ward, and in doing so we wish to show the 
love we have for you, and to acknowledge the 
kind advice and counsel you have ever been 
ready to give. 

It is our desire as a Society to be ready and 
on hand at all times to assist in any way that 
we may be called, both in visiting the sick and 
relieving the wants of the needy. We have 
always felt that we have been heartily sus- 
tained by you in whatever we have undertaken ; 
we hope that in the future we may be able to 
merit your approbation; that our acts and 
movements may be in accord with your feel- 
ings. 

We as a Society do not wish to be judged 
by any great outward demonstration, but wish 
to show our love for you by being ready to 
carry out your instructions at all times ; and we 
wish to say that by your noble example, your 
wise counsel, and kind and loving ways, you 
have won a lasting regard in our memories; 



152 JAMES JENSEN. 

and we wish you to know that you are heartily 
sustained in the position you occupy by the 
members of the Relief Society of Forest Dale 
Ward; and we consider you the right man in 
the right place. 

Cornelia T. Driggs, 
L. Y. Stevenson, 
Addie M. Cannon. 

the sunday school. 

Kind and Loving Bishop: 

How gladly we embrace this opportunity of 
joining with the rest of your flock in saying 
those dear old words — ''Dear Bishop, we love 
thee!" 

Each Sabbath morning, when the lambs of 
our precious fold have been gathered, and, in 
our song the angels of God have mingled their 
voices, our hearts have been filled with joy and 
gratitude in having your faithful presence 
among the many kind teachers and associates. 

Our success as a Sabbath School, we at- 
tribute chiefly to you and your noble staff. 

In silence we have awaited an opportunity 
when we could, in our modest way, show to 
you that your noble efforts are daily being 



APPENDIX A. 153 

rewarded. But, like the tree to the faithful 
gardener, though faithful care and devotion 
may continue unceasingly with results hardly 
noticeable, yet the time does come when, as with 
outstretched arms, laden with precious fruit, it 
yearns to repay, and places at his disposal that 
by which it shall ever after be known. So, 
with us, loving Bishop, as the one small tree in 
your well cultivated garden, may we bring 
forth fruit upon which you can gaze with joy, 
and by which you may know us forever. 

God bless thee Bishop — 

May long life, joy, and power with wisdom untold 
Be granted unto thee in leading thy fold ; 
As thy children, united at thy side we shall stand. 
And to none art thou dearer than the Sunday School 
band. 

Wm. L. Hansen, 
John M. Cannon, 
B. W. Aston. 

Dear Bishop Jensen: 

As the kind words you give and your labors of love, 

Are recorded in heaven by angels above, 

May your presence in school always bring its good 

cheer, 
And your timely advice make your friendship more 

dear. 



154 JAMES JENSEN. 

May each smiling face as it catches your gaze 
Remember the cause of this gathering to-night; 
And may each add his might to build up the "Dale," 
That love may abound and friendship prevail. 

As you gaze down our streets at the close of each day 
When time plants his footsteps in colors of gray, 
May each smiling face shine as it catches your gaze 
With gratitude shine and your faithfulness praise. 

And may our little homes where each one may dwell 
Partake of the spirit that you love so well, 
And wherever your lot with the Saints may be cast, 
Your place in our hearts will remain to the last ; 
The sick and the poor their prayers will bespeak 
And our Sunday School children will bless you each 
week, 

B. W. ASHTON. 
For the "Dale" Sunday School. 

THE SEVENTIES. 

Brethren and Sisters: 

I now represent the Seventies and Elders 
residing in Forest Dale Ward. There are not 
full quorums of either of these organizations 
residing in the ward, but for the individual 
members of these quorums whom Bishop Jen- 
sen has among his flock, I can say that there is 
no sentiment of love, affection or devotion ut- 



APPENDIX A. 155 

tered by those who have preceded me this night 
but what the Seventies and Elders can heartily 
endorse and say, amen, to. 

I say to Bishop Jensen in behalf of the Sev- 
enties and Elders of this ward, God bless you, 
and peace be with you. When you need our 
help and assistance call on us and we will do 
all in our power to uphold your hands by our 
works, faith and prayers. Long may you live 
to be a Bishop and Father to us all, is our 
prayer, amen. 

j. w. summerhays. 

deacons' quorum. 

Bishop James Jensen: 

Dear Brother: — We, the Deacons of the 
Forest Dale Ward, feel it our duty, on this 
grand occasion, to express our thanks and 
gratitude to you for the good you have done 
us in the way of instruction and encourage- 
ment, enabling us to walk uprightly before our 
Heavenly Father. 

We realize that we are but mortal beings and 
have many weaknesses to overcome, therefore 
we feel to thank you for your fatherly ad- 
vice and counsel. 



156 JAMES JENSEN. 

We realize that we might have performed 
our labors in a more satisfactory manner, but 
remember, Bishop, we are only boys with but 
little experience ; bear with us in the future as 
you have done in the past, and we will do all 
in our power to uphold and sustain you. 

Ever praying God's blessings to be with you, 
we remain. 

Your brethren in the Gospel, 

Louis W. Sims, 
Wm. Jensen, 
David C. Ure. 

Y. M. M. I. A. 

Be It Resolved: 

First. That we, the members of the Mutual 
Improvement Association of the Forest Dale 
Ward, hereby tender to Bishop Jensen our 
heartfelt respect and perfect confidence in him 
as Bishop and father of his ward. We admire 
his simplicity of character, his gentlemanly de- 
meanor, his kindly attitude, and his remem- 
brance of the fatherless, and his never ceasing 
attention to the poor under his jurisdiction. As 
a Latter-day Saint, as a citizen, and as a man 



APPENDIX A. 157 

he has the unbounded confidence of this associ- 
ation, and we may say so of the members of his 
whole ward. 

We take pleasure in tendering the Bishop 
our kindest regards, respect, and attention, and 
in wishing a long and continued prosperity for 
his family. 

Second. And be it further resolved that we 
congratulate Bishop Jensen and the people of 
this ward upon his appointment to the posi- 
tion which he now holds ; and while we would 
not say that no other person could have been 
selected that could do so well, we can say 
truthfully that no other could have been se- 
lected who could do better. 

Third. And be it further resolved, that it 
is the heartfelt desire of the whole society, and 
we will add the entire ward over which he 
presides, that he may live long and continue 
in the position he now holds, and may his days 
grow brighter and his years more joyful as 
time rolls on ; that at all times he may have 
the same confidence in us that we have in him. 
Robert A. Ure, 
Arthur R. Castleton, 
Edwin Wright. 



158 JAMES JENSEN. 

Y. L. M. I. A. 

Bishop James Jensen: 

Dear Brother : — We realize that the greatest 
tribute a man usually receives is after he is 
dead ; that his labors are not appreciated until 
he has gone. It is then that words of great- 
est praise and appreciation are poured forth 
for the departed one. But can dead ears hear, 
or dead hearts feel the warmth of gratitude 
and affection? Many times friends regret, 
when it is too late, that they have not encour- 
aged by kind words and acts the labors of an 
associate. Why not scatter these flowers of 
kindness and affection in the paths of our 
friends while they live and can enjoy their 
beauty and fragrance and be encouraged and 
refreshed in the journey of life? 

That we may not have these regrets re- 
ferred to, in your case, and that you may have 
the benefit of the high regard in which you are 
held by us, we write this little missive. Not 
that we expect you to die soon, but that it 
may be a source of a little encouragement to 
you, in the beginning of your labors in this 
ward. 



APPENDIX A. 159 

In you, Bishop Jensen, the writer is often re- 
minded of the village preacher described by 
Oliver Goldsmith : — 

"Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride, 

And e'en his failings leaned to Virtue's side ; 

But, in his duty prompt at every call, 

He watched and wept, he prayed and felt for all; 

And, as a bird each fond endearment tries 

To tempt its new-fledged offspring to the skies. 

He tried each art, reproved each dull delay, 

x\llured to brighter worlds, and led the way. 

At church, with meek and unaffected grace, 
His looks adorned the venerable place. 
Truth from his lips prevailed with double sway 
And fools who came to scoff remained to pray." 

We feel that you have indeed been father of 
the ward; that you are deeply interested in 
every member of your family. We are proud 
to be numbered among your little flock, feel 
to thank God for having given us such a guar- 
dian, and will ever support you by our faith 
and prayers. We realize to some extent that 
your labors are arduous, but He who has said 
"Feed my sheep" will reward the good shep- 
herd of one of His flocks. 



160 JAMES JENSEN. 

We, as the young ladies of the ward, feel 
to thank you especially for the kind interest 
you have taken in our association. We always 
feel encouraged by your presence and advice. 
As you have been a kind and indulgent father, 
we hope to be dutiful daughters and never do 
anything unworthy of our parentage. We are 
ready and anxious at any time to do anything 
we can to assist you. Though these words 
are but few and feeble, please accept them as 
most sincere. 

ZiNA B. Cannon, 
Sarah B. Summerhays. 
Josephine Jensen. 

primary association. 

Our Bishop, the Father of our Ward: 
Many happy returns of the evening. 

We are the Primary, young and growing; 
we shall be a help to you bye and bye. 

Who is the father of our country? — George 
Washington. 

Who is the father of our ward? — Bishop 
Jensen. 



APPENDIX A. 161 

Kindness begets kindness. Love begets love ; 
that is why we love our Bishop. 

We want to see you look pleased and happy, 
so we will try and brush all sorrow and care 
away by living at peace with one another. 

God bless our Bishop with health, and may 
he live till he realizes every righteous desire 
of his heart, and be satisfied with life, and may 
we renew your acquaintance in the great here- 
after is the fervent desire of the Forest Dale 
Primary. 

Jennie H. Young, 
L. Y. Stevenson, 
; Maggie Timpson. 



i>. 



162 JAMES JENSEN. 



APPENDIX B. 



DEDICy\.TORY PrAYER OF THE FOREST DaLE 

Meeting House, Offered by 

President Jos. F. Smith, 

July 23, 1905. 



Remarks of President Jos. F. Smith, prior to 
offering the Dedicatory Prayer of the For- 
est Dale Meeting: House. 



"6. 



I would like to say to my brothers and sis- 
ters and the congregation generally, that I de- 
sire, in offering prayer, to offer the desires of 
the congregation, the desires of your hearts, all 
who are present. It is not I who can give unto 
the Lord this building. I have contributed but 
a very very little towards it. I am thankful 
that I am able to say I passed in my little mite, 
but you who are assembled here this evening 
have contributed of your substance, many of 
you very liberally according to your means, in 
order that this beautiful building might be erect- 
ed for the worship of the Lord ; and it will be 



APPENDIX B. 163 

you who will give unto the Lord the right and 
the title and the claim that should rightful- 
ly belong to Him, as a place built for the pur- 
pose of His worship, to be dedicated unto His 
name, and to be held as a sacred place, a sanc- 
tuary in which the Saints of God may meet 
together for His worship, for prayer, for sing- 
ing and praise, for bearing testimony of the 
Truth; and I would like, therefore, that my 
brothers and sisters and all my friends who are 
here join with me in spirit and in heart, in of- 
fering this structure unto the Lord. I would 
not Hke to feel that I was alone in officiating 
in this sacred matter, but I want to feel that 
I am being sustained and upheld in this ser- 
vice by all who are present. 
Now let us unite in prayer. 

Dedicatory Prayer. 

Our Father, who art in Heaven. Hallowed 
be Thy name. We, Thy children, have as- 
sembled here this evening for the purpose 
among other things, of making an offering un- 
to Thee, an offering of this t)uilding, which 
with the means that Thou hast given unto Thy 



164 JAMES JENSEN. 

people, they have built as a sacred and holy 
place, where the presence of angels may be 
felt, where the power, the presence, and the 
influence of Thy Holy Spirit may pervade the 
hearts of those assembled here from time to 
time; where holy thoughts may enter into the 
hearts of Thy children ; where purity of heart 
may engender everlasting light into the souls 
of those who are seeking; where sin may be 
reproved and rebuked and removed far away, 
not only from this building but from those 
who shall assemble here from time to time. We 
ask Thee, Holy Father, that Thou wilt sanctify 
and bless this offering and this assembly. Bless 
the exercises that have already been performed 
by those who have spoken and by those who 
have sung and by those who have expressed 
sentiments of worth and of inspiration for the 
reflection and instruction and edification of 
those who have come here. Wilt Thou bless 
all these things and sanctify them to the good 
of all who participate here tonight; but espe- 
cially, we pray Thee, Holy Father, that Thou 
wilt abundantly bless every soul, man, woman, 
and child, who has contributed of his or her 
substance towards the building of this house. 



APPENDIX B. 165 

Let Thy Holy Spirit rest in their hearts, and 
wilt Thou verify unto them the promises that 
have been made unto them. Wilt Thou verify 
the words that have been spoken here this 
evening with reference to their having gained 
rather than having lost anything for having 
contributed of their substance for the erection 
of this beautiful place. Wilt Thou, O Father, 
multiply their substance, and especially, those 
who have given liberally of their means to the 
erection of this building. Bless, we pray Thee, 
every person who has contributed ; bless the 
poor who have contributed of their substance, 
the widows, the fatherless, and every man 
woman and child, who has assisted in this 
work; bless them all according to the desires 
of their hearts in righteousness before Thee ; 
and wilt Thou multiply their substance and 
make them feel enriched and increased in bless- 
ings, because of the efforts they have put forth 
to this end; for Thou wilt realize. Heavenly 
Father, that the desire, the object, and the pur- 
pose of their hearts have been to sanctify the 
Lord God in their hearts, to build a place in 
which He may dwell, a place that may be His 
sanctuary, a place that is holy and pure a 



166 JAMES JENSEN. 

place, in which all its bearings and all its ef- 
fects and influence, will exalt the mind, will 
enlarge the understanding, increase faith in 
the heart and in the soul of the children of 
men, and lead them back into the presence of 
God, from whence they have come. 

Now, Holy Father, this being the object we 
have in view, we ask Thee in the name of 
Jesus Christ, Thy Beloved Son, that Thou wilt 
shield this house from every harm. May no 
evil come to it. May no disaster overtake it. 
May no storms prevail against it, but may it 
be protected from every influence of a de- 
structive nature. May it not be shaken by 
earthquakes or upheavels or any unusual things 
that may occur in the latter times, but may it 
stand firm and steadfast upon its foundation. 
May it continue to abide and endure for the 
purpose for which it is built and for which 
we offer it unto Thee, the Lord our God. We 
ask Thee, Heavenly Father, to forbid and not 
permit any foul spirit to enter into this house. 
May no spirit of contention, of dissension, of 
infidelity or unbelief, have a place here, but 
may that spirit pervade the assemblies, which 
shall lead Thy people nearer unto Thee, the 



APPENDIX B. 167 

Lord. May that spirit ever be present which 
will enlighten their minds, enlarge their un- 
derstanding, and make them know and re- 
alize that they are indeed the children of God, 
who made the Heavens and the Earth and 
who holds all things in His mighty hand. 

Now, Holy Father, we ask Thee to bless 
the upper part of this building for the use of 
Thy people as a place for worship, that it may 
be held sacred for that purpose, that those who 
come here may feel that when they come into 
this place that they come into the presence of 
the Lord, that His all-seeing eye is upon them, 
that His ear can hear their very sighs, and 
the earnest desires of their hearts will not be 
hid or kept from Thine omnipotence. We ask 
Thee, Holy Father, to grant this unto Thy 
people and unto Thy servants, especially those 
who have taken an active part in the construc- 
tion of this house. Bless the Bishop and his 
counselors, and grant. Heavenly Father, that 
they may feel doubly rewarded for the toil they 
have been subjected to, for the anxiety they 
have felt, and for the sacrifices they have made 
in the interest of Thy people and in the inter- 
est of the ward where thev reside. Bless their 



168 JAMES JENSEN. 

assistants ; bless the committees that have been 
appointed to collect means ; bless the architect 
and those who have aided in any way in the 
construction of this building. Bless them all 
for the labors they have performed, to their 
unspeakable happiness, that they may feel re- 
warded in their souls for having done good, 
for it is doing good to seek to honor the Lord 
and to make a place where His name can be 
held in reverence and in sacredness in the heart 
of the children of men. 

Now, Holy Father, we dedicate unto Thee 
the grounds upon which this building stands, 
every part thereof. Wilt Thou remove the 
curse therefrom and make it holy. Bless those 
parts which may be adorned with trees, shrub- 
bery, and flowers ; may they yield abundantly 
for the enjoyment of Thy people. Bless the 
walls of this building, that they may be firm 
and steadfast. Bless the roof and all the ap- 
purtenances belonging unto it. 

Without entering into details, Father, Thou 
knowest all things, and Thou knowest that 
which we desire without even our speakings of 
it, yet Thou hast made it our duty to call up- 
on Thy name and make offerings of sacrifice 



APPENDIX B. 169 

unto Thee. We ask Thee, also, Heavenly 
Father, to bless the basement, that has been 
dedicated and set apart for social enjoyment, 
for singing, for music, for dances; wilt Thou 
bless it for this purpose and sanctify it to this 
end. Grant that no evil may come there, but 
that a spirit of peace, true enjoyment, and 
true happiness, may ever be present on all oc- 
casions, that all who shall gather for amuse- 
ment and innocent enjoyment may feel its in- 
fluence. 

Now, Holy Father, we ask Thee in the name 
of Jesus Christ, Thy Son, who dwelt in the 
midst of men, who had no home, who had no 
where to lay His head, but who wandered 
among those who would receive Him into 
their homes and administered unto them life 
and salvation ; in His name. Holy Father, we 
make offering unto Thee of this whole build- 
ing, from its foundation to the top thereof, and 
everything connected therewith, and we pray 
Thee, our Heavenly Father, to accept this of- 
fering unto Thee of this whole building, from 
its foundation to the top thereof, and every- 
thing connected therewith, and we pray Thee, 
our Heavenly Father, to accept this offering, 



170 JAMES JENSEN. 

that Thy name may be placed upon these 
things in righteousness, and that we, Thy chil- 
dren, may maintain this building sacredly as a 
house of worship and as a place of innocent 
amusement and enjoyment, where we may 
know each other, and understand each other, 
and have fellowship with one another ; a place 
where we may worship the Lord in union and 
love, and come to a unity of the faith. We 
pray Thee to bless those who shall speak here 
from time to time. Fill them with the revela- 
tion of Thy will. Grant, Heavenly Father, 
that no man, no elder of Thy Church, no ser- 
vant of the Lord, may ever arise here and pro- 
nounce false doctrine or speak things that are 
not good in Thy sight; but may Thy servants 
be inspired to speak true words of encourage- 
ment, instruction, and admonition, if neces- 
sary, that will result in good to Thy people. 

All these blessings and favors we humbly 
ask. and we make this offering unto Thee, in 
the name of Jesus Christ, our Redeemer, Amen. 



APPENDIX C. 171 



APPENDIX C 



Sentiments to Bishop James Jensen, from 
THE Forest Dale Ward Organizations, 
January 19, 1908. 



ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH QUORUM OF SEVENTY, 
FOREST DALE, SALT LAKE COUNTY, UTAH. 

January 19th, 1908. 

We, some of the sons of the lovely Ward of 
Forest Dale, in the Granite Stake of Zion, rep- 
resenting the 105th Quorum of Seventy, take 
this opportunity of thanking you, our beloved 
Bishop James Jensen, for your kindness to us, 
and for the interest you have taken in our wel- 
fare. We feel that our association with you 
has made us better men. 

Bishop Jensen, you are truly a father unto 
the people of this ward. 

We love you because of your integrity for 
the Gospel. We love you because you have 
taught us to love one anoth^^r, because you 
have set us the example, bidding us to follow. 



172 JAMES JENSEN. 

We love you because you have always ma<1e 
us feel well in your presence. 

We honor you for your faithfulness to the 
teachings of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 

We thank our Heavenly Father that we 
have been permitted to partake of the influ- 
ence of one who is possessed of so gentle a 
spirit as you. 

We pray to our Father in Heaven that He 
will spare you unto us for many years ; that we 
may continue to feel encouraged in the Gospel ; 
and that we may have the privilege of sustain- 
ing you as a servant of God, and as the 
father of this ward. 

F. V. Ensign, 
Clarence M. Cannon, 
Edwin Wright, 
Geo. S. Spencer, 
John H. Taylor, 
Archibald Freebairn, 
Eugene M. Cannon, 
Jesse M. Fox, Sec'y. 



APPENDIX C 



173 



IN THE FOREST DALE ECCLESIASTICAL WARD. 

JAMES JENSEN, BISHOP, AND COMMON JUDGE 

IN ISRAEL. 



In relation to certain- 
allegations and 
charg e s made 
against the or- 
ganization known 
as the Sunday 
School of Forest 
Dale. 

Involving the good 
name of James 
Jensen, Bishop of 
Forest Dale. 



This meeting having been regularly called 
and all parties being duly notified, and a fair 
representation being present, the said Sunday 
School, by its officers, the superintendency, 
does hereby recite the charges made against 
the teachers and members of said Sunday 
School and make answer. 

It is alleged that the Sunday School as a 
whole admire Bishop Jensen ; that some of its 
members (presumably the ladies) love him; 



174 JAMES JENSEN. 

that some of the aforesaid body have been 
heard to express the opinion that in the person 
of James Jensen is represented their ideal of a 
bishop ; that some assert that humility and 
meekness are pronounced traits in his charac- 
ter ; that he is and at all times has been solic- 
itous for the welfare of the members of his 
ward; that he rejoices with those who rejoice; 
that he mourns with those who mourn ; that 
with the fatherless he is a father; that to the 
tried he is ever a comfort ; to the tempted a 
source of strength; that he is a man of God 
and a man whom God delights to honor. 

And now comes the subscribers to this state- 
ment, the superintendency of said Sunday 
School, who hereby affirm, that after diligent 
and persistent enquiry and observation, they 
are of the opinion that such charges are well 
founded; that they verily believe such state- 
ments have been made ; and that James Jensen 
is so held and thought of by the Sunday School 
workers ; and that we, the said superintend- 
ency, are hereby authorized to enter for the 
said Sunday School workers, the plea of 
''Guilty" to the above named charges; 
and that, since they have thus felt and ex- 



APPENDIX C. 175 

pressed themselves in regard to said James 
Jensen, that we now at this time, or at any 
time in the future, hold ourselves subject to 
judgment and sentence of the aforesaid Com- 
mon Judge; and notwithstanding we are ig- 
norant of the nature of the penalty that he 
shall meet out to us, we do now and ever shall 
hold him to be our Friend, Bishop, and Father. 
Dated this the 19th day of January, 1908. 
George E. Woolley, 
James T. Dunbar, 
Milton H. Ross. 



Y. M. M. I. A. 

Mutual Improvement means, we each help 
ourselves and all help one another. 

Dear Bishop, you have helped the Mutual 
Improvement cause of Forest Dale by your 
fatherly interest in the young people of our 
ward. 

We all love you for it, and want to help 
you make of Forest Dale, what you desire it 
to be, — the home of active workers for self- 



176 JAMES JENSEN. 

betterment and mutual progression in the ways 
of God. 

We are with you, Bishop, heart and soul. 

T. Albert Hooper, 
G. W. Teudt, 
Clarence L. Gardiner, 
G. Alma Gardner. 

Y. L. M. I. A. 

We're proud of our Bishop 

Because he's a man, — 
A man with great thoughts to impart. 
His kindness and patience 

And thrift and great love 
Touch and appeal to each heart, 
We're proud, very proud of our Bishop. 

His fine, busy life 

Has urged all of us 
Not to be idle, but ever to strive 
To love well our neighbors 

And treat well our friends, 
Live just a plain, simple life. 
— We learn very much from our Bishop, 

Not only his goodness 

Has won all our hearts. 



APPENDIX C. 177 

Not his wisdom, nor yet his tact; 

It is hard to explain 

Why we love him so well, 

But our love is a well-known fact, 

— For to us the Bishop's the Bishop. 

Mary T. Hendry, 
Emma Teudt, 
Nettie Poulton. 



RELIGION CLASS. 

Bishop James Jensen: 

Dear Brother: — In behalf of the Religion 
Classes of the "Dale," we, your brethren, the 
Presidency, desire by these tokens of our es- 
teem to express the gratitude of the Religion 
Class workers for the able manner in which 
you have aided us in the development of this 
organization for the advancement of the youth 
of Zion. 

We pray our Heavenly Father to bless you 
that you may continue many years with us, to 
be a blessing unto this people, as you have been 
in the past. 

May the peace that comes from faithful la- 

13 



178 ^ JAMES JENSEN. 

bors be yours to enjoy, is the wish and prayer 
of your co-laborers in the cause we love. 

Orson W. Rawlins, 
J. B. Hansen, 
J. W. Young. 

Presidency. 



LESSER PRIESTHOOD ORGANIZATION. 

Bishop James Jensen : We, the quorums of 
the Lesser Priesthood, gratefully acknowledge 
in you our President. We confess that our re- 
sponse to your call has not at all times been as 
praiseworthy as the occasion deserved. But 
your untiring efforts have made us conscious 
that the power and influence you have exer- 
cised with us has been "only by persuasion, by 
long suffering, by gentleness, and meekness, 
and by love unfeigned." 

By your example we have learned the spirit 
of presidency by virtue of the Priesthood. It 
has enlarged our souls. Our prayer for you is 
that the benediction of Heaven may extend 



APPENDIX C 179 

your life of usefulness with us and give joy 
to your soul in its fruition. 

Harold Timpson, 

WiLLARD ASHTON, 

Joseph Reed, 
Theodore Tobiason, 
Roy Parr, 
Alma Ramseyer, 
Alma Summerhays, 
Ford Fairbourn, 
Karl Miller, 
Frank Gee, 
P. J. Jensen. 

primary association. 

The Primary, the infant organization of all 
the organizations, is the foundation of the fu- 
ture advancement of our young, and is the be- 
ginning of the end. 

At times when we have felt discouraged with 
our petty trials, our esteemed Bishop has al- 
ways come to our rescue with encouragement 
and fatherly advice. His interest is ever in 
our behalf, which is a comfort and strength to 
all working under his directions. 



180 JAMES JENSEN. 

We do not wish to show our appreciation in 
words only, but also in actions. Our desire is 
to do our part and his burdens lighten. May 
God bless our Bishop and spare him to lead us 
throughout our future endeavor to instruct and 
enlighten the children of Zion. 

This labor with the children 

Is the beginning of the end, 
Assisted by the Bishop, 

And he is their dearest friend. 

Press onward, worthy Bishop, 
In this great and glorious cause. 

For all our children love you 
As a leader in God's laws. 

May the Lord aid and cheer you, 
Ever give you health and strength 

That you may do your duty. 
And be satisfied at length. 

And if you get discouraged. 

May the Lord some comfort lend, — 

Be with you, like you to us, 
The Primary's dearest friend. 

Ida K. Coolbear, 
Jessie Y. Driggs, 
Mary C. Mackav. 



APPENDIX C. 181 



THE RELIEF SOCIETY. 



We feel that we have been indeed slow to 
extend our expressions of love and encourage- 
ment. 

• As the Relief Society workers, we gladly 
take advantage of this, opportunity to express 
our gratitude to one who has always given us 
so much encouragement by his presence and 
also by the many kind suggestions which, when 
followed out, have given relief to the distressed, 
and rest and peace to the lonely and discon- 
solate. 

We have appreciated the kindness shown to 
us in so many ways, and the tender greetings 
that have cheered our path and lightened our 
burdens from year to year. We know that 
these traits are gifts from God and that there 
are far too few who are in possession of them. 

Your life has been a blessing to us and our 
children. The thoughtfulness and painstaking 
manner in which every detail is attended to by 
you will certainly have its effect upon our en- 
tire community. 

We can never repay you or begin to do as 
much for you as you have done for us. While 



182 JAMES JENSEN. 

life lasts or memory endures, we cannot for- 
get your untiring efforts to help those in dis- 
tress. As we look back, we see again your 
familiar figure wending its way through heat 
or cold to the homes of the afflicted. 

May we ever be loyal to you who have used 
your time and your talents for our welfare ; 
and may we be inspired to follow more fully 
your example in caring for those whom the 
Lord delights to call His own — the worthy 
poor. 

Petrina Jensen, 
Addie M. Cannon, 
Mary A. Young. 



THE CHOIR. 

A voice from the Choir, like a voice from the soul, 

Onward ! Onward ! it approaches its goal ; 

And tonight that goal, surely 'tis to thee, 

Our Bishop, that our hearts give vent to such glee. 

We know we're thy children, blest of the blest, 
And when for thy pleasure, we know no rest ; 
And as to our practice so gaily we go, 
'Tis beneath the sweep of music's pure flow. 



APPENDIX C. 183 

We sing and we sing till the heavens do ring 
With the joy our hearts to you would bring, 
Now tonight of all nights our songs are for you, 
Our Bishop, our Father, our Friend so true. 

James T. Dunbar, 

Sadie Parr, 

G. Alvin Coolbear. 



AMUSEMENT COMMITTEE. 

All the members of the youngest organiza- 
tion of the Ward, the Amusement Committee, 
heartily endorse the good things contained in 
the sentiments already expressed; and say to 
Bishop Jensen, we have appreciated your kind- 
ness and sympathy in the past very much, and 
extend to you willing hands and best wishes 
for the future, feeling that by reason of your 
good deeds and great kindness to all, the truths 
expressed in the following couplet, will bring 
their full fruition : 



184 JAMES JENSEN. 

"A kindly deed is a kernel sown, 
That grows to a mighty tree, 

And finds its way hereafter down 
The gulf of Eternity." 

Geo. Spencer, 
James T. Dunbar, 
O. S. Squires, 
Carl F. Buehner, 
Thomas O. Poulton, 
Margaret Summerhays, 
Geneva Love, 
Geo. H. Vine, 
E. Parley Cliff, 
G. Alvin Coolbear, 
J. P. Olsen. 

the elders' quorum. 

"Near yonder copse where once the garden smiled 
And still where many a garden flower grows wiM, 
There, where a few torn shrubs the place disclose. 
The village preacher's modest mansion rose, 

A man he was to all the country dear, 

And passing rich on forty pounds a year; 

Remote from towns he ran his godly race, 

Nor e'er had changed, nor wished to change his place. 



APPENDIX C. 185 

Unpractised he to fawn, or seek for power 
By doctrines fashioned to the varying hour ; 
Far other aims his heart had learned to prize — 
More skilled to raise the wretched than to rise. 
His house was known to all the vagrant train, 
He chid their wanderings, but relieved their pain. 

Pleased with his guests the good man learned to glow 

And quite forget their vices in their woe; 

Careless their merits or their faults to scan 

His pity gave ere charity began. 

Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride, 

And e'en his failings leaned to Virtue's side. 

But in his duty prompt at every call, 

He watched and wept, he prayed and felt for all; 

And, as a bird each fond endearment tries 

To tempt its new-fledged offspring to the skies, 

He tried each art, reproved each dull delay. 

Allured to brighter worlds and led the way. 

Beside the bed where parting life was laid. 
And sorrow, guilt and pain by turns dismayed, 
The reverend champion stood. At his control 
Despair and anguish fled the struggling soul ; 
Comfort came down the trembling wretch to raise, 
And his last faltering accents whispered praise. 

At church, with meek and unaffected grace. 
His looks adorned the venerable place; 
Truth from his lips prevailed with double sway, 
And fools who came to scoff remained to pray. 



186 JAMES JENSEN. 

The service past, around the pious man, 

With ready zeal each honest rustic ran ; 

E'en children followed with endearing wile, 

And plucked his gown to share the good man's smile. 

His ready smile a parent's joy expressed, 
Their welfare pleased him, and their cares distrest; 
To them his heart, his love, his griefs were given, 
But all his serious thoughts had rest in heaven. 
As some tall cliflf that lifts its awful form, 
Swells from the vale, and midway leaves the storm, 
Though round its breast the rolling clouds are spread, 
Eternal sunshine settles on its head." 

— Goldsmith's Deserted Village. 

M. C. Morris,. 
F. W. Cope, 

J. RODEN. 

Bishop James Jensen: 

Dear Brother : — x\s your counselors, we have 
worked with you for twelve years, in the Cause 
of Christ. 

May we not hope to say as Paul said, 
"I am persuaded that neither death, nor 
life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, 
nor things present, nor things to come, nor 
height nor depth, nor any other creature, shall 



APPENDIX C. 187 

be able to separate us from the love of God, 
which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord." 
Your brethren, 

Royal B. Young, 
James Hendry. 
January 19, 1908. 

We have audited the foregoing and find it 

correct. 

M. C. Morris, 
Geo. S. Spencer, 
Auditing Committee. 

Forest Dale, January 19, 1908. 



188 JAMES JENSEN. 



FAMILY GENEALOGY. 

James Jensen, born June 7, 184L 

M. J. Petrina Sorensen Jensen, wife, born 

Sept. 28, 1846. 
Marie Madsen Jensen, wife, born March 12, 

1855; died August 11, 1891. 

CHILDREN OF JAMES AND MARIE JENSEN. 

Josephine J., born Dec. 12, 1873; died Oct. 23, 

1898. 
James N., born Mar. 21, 1875. 
Alfred C, born Nov. 24, 1876. 
Esther P., born Aug. 28, 1878. 
Wm. H., born Dec. 26, 1880. 
Annie M., born Nov. 3, 1882. 

MARRIAGE OF CHILDREN AND THEIR ISSUE. 

James N. and Lena Stniberg Jenson, married 

Feb. 12, i^oy. 
Gale S., born June 29, 1904. 
Myrla E., born July 27, 1905. 
Lena Marie, born Mar. 19, 1907. 
James S., born Nov. 27, 1910. 



FAMILY GENEALOGY. 189 

Alfred C, and Melvina Nielsen Jensen, mar- 
ried Oct. 8, 1904: 

Melvina Nielson Jensen, died May 10, 1911. 
Ora Lucile, born Sept. 14, 1905. 
Ardella, born Oct. 22, 1908. 

Esther P. and Frank Roiix, married Sept. 6, 
ipo6. 

Wm. H. and Katie Vilate Cunningham Jensen, 
married Oct. 25, ip02: 

James Vivian, born Dec. 30, 1903; died Jan. 
13, 1908. 

Lueen Young, born March 27, 1906. 

Alibo Petrina, born January 11, 1908. 

Joseph William, born May 15, 1909. 

Genevieve, born October 10, 1910. 

Ila Mary Powell, foster child, born Septem- 
ber 20, 1897. 

Annie M. and Soren P. Neve, married October 
31, ipoo: 

ElHott James, born Feb. 10, 1904. 
Soren P. Byron, born Dec. 30, 1905. 
Charleen Marie, born May 10, 1911. 



190 JAMES JENSEN. 

CHILDREN OF JACOB PETER OLSEN_, FOSTER CHILD 
OF JAMES AND M. J. PETRINA JENSEN. 

Jacob Peter and Isabelle Ross Wilson Olsen, 
married Oct. 12, 1882: 

Isabelle Christina, born Aug. 16, 1883. 

Effie Lauretta, born June 1, 1885. 

Cora, born Nov. 15, 1887. 

Rena, born April 22, 1890. 

Alice Margaret, born Aug. 24, 1892. 

James Verne, born Dec. 20, 1894. 

Vera Pearl, born Dec. 20, 1894 ; died Aug. 16, 

1903. 
Edith, born Aug. 21, 1897. 
Ada Josephine, born Mar. 30, 1900. 
Ross Wilson, born July 5, 1904. 



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