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This genealogical sketch of one line of Hoopers in America has 
been prepared for the benefit of the children of Mrs. Sumner 
Crosby (Idolene Snow Hooper), now living in Alameda, Cal. 
No attempt has been made by the compiler of these records, (a 
grandmother of the children), to establish a distinguished name. 
Like most families in New England, this family of Hoopers is of 
good yeoman stock. 

Mr. J. N. Larned, the learned historian, in "Books, Culture, 
and Character," suggests the thought that human life is lived 
on a narrow strand, between two great oceans, — the Ocean of 
Time Past and the Ocean of Time to Come. When you turn, 
looking futureward, you see nothing with certainty: it is veiled 
by an impenetrable mist. But, if you look to that other sea 
and look out upon that measureless expanse of Time Past, you 
will see that it is covered with ships. Those ships come sailing 
to us in numbers beyond our counting. They bring us the story 
of a forgotten life, with its experience, its wisdom, its warnings, 
its counsels, its consolations, and its discoveries. What if there 
were no ships to bring us all this ? 

It is through our ancestors that we learn the way in which 
American independence was won and the Federal Republic of 
the United States was constructed. It is through these ancestors 
that we learn of Bunker Hill and George Washington, we learn 
of the coming of the "Mayflower," and the planting of life in 
the New World from Old World stocks. "And yet there are 
those men and women who live as though no ship had ever come 
to them from the far shores of old Time, where their ancestry 
dwelt; and the interest of existence to them is huddled in the 
petty space of their own few years, between walls of mist which 
thicken as impenetrably behind them as before." It is the hope 
of this grandmother, that the children of Mrs. Sumner Crosby 
will not accept life on such narrow terms; that they will not 
be content to live in ignorance of their own ancestors; that 

through a study of the lives of these ancestors they may come 
to have a knowledge of the history of Time Past. 

In England and in America, in the early records, the surname 
of Hooper is spelled in various ways. In England we have the 
name as "Hope, Hoope, Hupper, Hopper, and Hooper." In 
the "Province of Mayne" records, as late as 1761, in the same 
deed, yo\i will find the name written as "hupper, hopper, and 
Hooper," referring to the same person; and this is equally true 
in the "Mayne" wills. 

It is probable that the surname of Hooper was first used in 
England about the year 1275. There is no record to show that 
it is older, than this date. Whether the name was originally 
derived from a "trade," as Bowditch claims in his "Origin of 
New England Family Names," is not now known. 

"In 1275 William le Hopore possessed lands in Dorset, Eng- 
land. In 1325 the name of Hooper is found in the county of 
Somerset. The name of Hooper was the Norman French term 
for a cloth merchant, and it may be presumed that the family 
which bore it was foreign."— T/ie Norman People, p. 289. 

The name of Hooper does not appear in the Domes-day Book. 

For the benefit of these grandchildren it may be well to insert 

the following: — 

"Doomsday Book, [so called because its decision was regarded 
as final] a book containing a digest, in Norman French, of the 
results of a census or survey of England undertaken l)y order 
of William the Conqueror and completed in 1085. It consists 
of two volumes in vellum, a large folio containing 382 pages 
and a quarto containing 450. They form a valuable record of the 
ownership, extent, and value of the lands of England (1) at the 
time of the survey, (2) at the date of bestowal when they had 
been granted by the king, and (3) at the time of Edward the 
Confessor, when a somewhat similar survey had been made; 
the numbers of tenants and dependents, amount of live stock, 
etc., were also returned."— The Century Dictionary, vol. ii. 

There are many genealogists, as shown in printed family his- 
tories, who seem to care more for glory than for truth; and 
hence you find these same families claiming descent from " Will- 
iam the Conqueror" (when it is not from Charlemagne), whose 
family surname had its birth long years after this "survey" was 
made in England, in 1085. Not always is it dishonesty, but is 

the result of either carelessness or ignorance on the part of the 

John Hooper (written also hup'er and hop'er) was an Eng- 
lish Protestant bishop. All authorities agree that he was born 
in Somersetshire, in England, about the year 1495. This Bishop 
Hooper is the most distinguished member of the English family 
of Hoopers. "While a student at Oxford, he was converted 
to the Protestant faith. In 1539, to escape the Bloody Statutes 
of Henry VIII., he retired from England, and passed several 
years in Zurich. At the death of Henry he settled in London, 
where he became an eminent and eloquent preacher. In 1550 
he was made Bishop of Gloucester, and in 1552 received the 
bishopric of Worcester in commendam. Soon after the accession 
of Mary he was condemned as a heretic, and, refusing to recant, 
was burned at the stake in 1553. He wrote numerous theologi- 
cal works." (See Burnet, History of the Reformation.) 

John Fox, in his "Book of Martyrs," writes, "John Hooper 
was married in Zurich to a Burgonian" (p. 323). 

y In 1635, on the thirteenth day of July, the ship "James," sail- 
ing from the port of London, England, for New England, brought 
among its passengers two young men, one William Hooper, age 
eighteen, the other Thomas Marshall, age twenty-two. This 
William^ Hooper was destined to become the father of the family 
of Hoopers in America. No one has ever searched the English 
records to see from whence came this William Hooper to New 
England, and in the absence of such proof, it is all a matter of 
conjecture with the compiler of these records as to where Will- 
iam Hooper's home was in England. 

" The under written names. Persons of Quality, are to be trans- 
ported to New England imbarqued in the James, Jno. May, 
Mr, for N. E. p. Cert: from the ministers of their conformitie 
in Religeon : and that they are no subsedy men : William Hooper 
age 18: Thomas Marshall age 22: porte of London, July 13, 
1Q35."— Original Lists: J. C. Hotten, p. 107. 

After this date (1635) there is no record of any one bearing the 
surname of Hooper in New England until 1642, when the name of 
William^ Hooper appears in the First Church records in the town of 
"Redding," Mass., as oneof the " original members " in this church. 
This record has also the name of "Elizabeth Hooper." Whether 


this Elizabeth Hooper was the wife of William* it will be diffi- 
cult to prove; but it is probable that she was, from the fact that 
her name did not appear before 1642 in any other record, neither 
does it appear after this date. If so, she was a first wife, for in 
1669 and in 1679 the wife of William' Hooper was "Ruth Hooper." 
In this same church record are the names of Thomas Marshall 
and Elizabeth Marshall, his wife. Pope, in his "Pioneers of 
America," claims that William Hooper was a "weaver," and 
Thomas Marshall a "shoemaker." It is interesting to note that 
the surname of the " Father of English Poetry," Geoffrey Chaucer, 
signifies "Shoemaker." (Century Dictionary of Proper Names, 

p. 239.) 

"My angel, — his name is Freedom, — 
Choose him to be your king; 
He shall cut pathways east and west, 
And fend you with his wing. 

" I will have never a noble, 
No lineage counted great; 
Fishers and choppers and ploughmen 
Shall constitute a state. 

"Co cut down trees in the forest, 
And trim the straightest boughs; 
Cut down trees in the forest, 
And build me a wooden house. 

"Call the people together. 
The young men and the sires, 
The digger in the harvest field, 
Hireling and him that hires; 

"And here in a pine state-house 
They shall choose men to rule 
In every needful faculty, 
In church, and state, and school. 

" Lo, now ! if these poor men 
Can govern the land and sea 
And make just laws below the sun, 
As planets faithful be. 

"I cause from every creature 
His proper good to flow: 
As much as he is and doeth, 
So much he shall bestow." 

R. W. Emerson. 

There is no reasonable explanation why William ^ Hooper 
together with Thomas Marshall, should leave England in 1635 
unless the "trades" were disturbed to such extent that there 
was little manufacture. Added to this is the fact that between 
1630 and 1640 religious persecution was at its height. During 
this period was the largest emigration of Englishmen to New 
England. Charles I. was ruling England without a Parliament, 
and was levying a direct tax on the people to support the govern- 
ment. As shown after, by the Long Parliament, this period, 1630- 
40, marked the decline in England's prosperity, — a decline she 
was long years in recovering from. The king's two advisers were 
Thomas Wentworth (Earl of Strafford) and William Laud. 
Bishop Laud was born in Reading, England, " the son of a weaver." 

If William Hooper was a "weaver," — and he probably was, for 
he mentions "my Loombs and all my Tackling" in his will in 
1678, — he came from some place of manufacture in England. 

In 1635 the only town of considerable importance in manufact- 
ure that was close to the "port of London" was Reading, about 
thirty-five miles distant from London. The town at that time 
had a population of 35,000. Its situation was on the Thames at 
its confluence with the river Kennet. A beautiful town, as well 
as one of considerable note. It is possible that here was the 
birthplace of William Hooper, v/" 

A little closer inspection of the records of "Redding," Mass., 
discloses the fact that among those "twelve first settlers in 
Redding" was one Dea. Thomas Parker. Mr. Parker was born 
in Reading, England, in 1605. He sailed from the port of 
London in the "Susan and Ellen," April 13, 1635. He sailed 
three months in advance of Hooper and Marshall; came from 
Reading in England, where "Loombs and Tackling" were in use, 
sailed from the same port as Hooper and Marshall did a little 
later, and is recorded in Lynn (Mass.) records (together with 
Thomas Marshall) as having settled in Lynn in 1635. 

He was one of the "original settlers" in "Redding," Mass., 
together with Hooper and Marshall, in 1642. The historian of 
the town of Reading (Mass.) claims that these three men were 
related. Thomas Marshall is named as "my brother" in Will- 
iam Hooper's will, in 1678. This circumstantial evidence does 
not prove the birthplace of William Hooper; but, until some one 
disproves it, Reading in England is the possible early home of 


our William Hooper. It is further possible, that these three men 
have the honor of naming Reading, Mass., and in memory of their 
Enghsh home. 

In 1639 settlers at "Lynn Commons" petition the Colony 
Court for the right to change the name of Lynn Commons to 
"Redding," and ask to be allowed to be incorporated as a sepa- 
rate town. The answer to this petition was that, when " Lynn 
Commons" had a settlement of twelve families and could support 
a minister, the petition would be granted. The names of the 
signers to this petition were lost, but it is claimed in the History 
of Reading that WilHam Hooper's name was among them. 

Reading in 1642 was a wide-spreading country, including all 
of what is now known as Wakefield and South Reading. 

The land was originally bought from the Indians of Plymouth 
Colony for £10 16s., and the deed may still be seen, signed by 
Sagamore George, his sister Abigail, and Quannapoint. "In a 
few weeks the first settlers had a comfortable cabin, and in two 
years extensive fields of corn and wheat, with a young orchard 
started" ("Recollections of Rev. Timothy Flint," p. 11). But 
it was not until after long years that they had any manufacture 
or much trade, for they were isolated and away from those set- 
tlements that had better opportunities. There was exposure 
to the Indians, and the internal conditions were such that there 
was little education in schools. Indeed, the town was complained 
of as late as 1680 for having "too poor a school." Although 
such men as "Thomas Bancrofte" and "Captayne Marshall" 
write a clear and legible hand, it was quite uncommon among 
the townspeople, as the Registry of Deeds and the records in 
the Probate Office for Middlesex County will show. 

William ' Hooper is the person named as being absent from 
home in 1675, "in a battle against the Indians in Middlesex 
County." His name does not appear often in the county and 
town records. It is shown, by the town books, that he was taxed 
in 1642; was a member of the church in 1642-44. He receives 
several "allottments" of land, — one of fifty acres in 1658, and 
another of ten acres in that same year, on the " Woburn road." 

In 1669 he sells his "now dwelling house in Redding" to Mrs. 
Mary Hodgman, and the record to be found in Middlesex Deeds, 
vol. 4, p. 331, is interesting as showing the form of an original 
old deed, and in this case that the wife of William Hooper in 


1669 was "Ruth Hooper," who relinquishes her right and title 
in the estate: — 

"Know all men by these p-'sents . yt I William Hooper of 
Redding, in the County of Middlesex in New England for divers 
causes and consideration moueing me Therearon to and espe- 
cially for and in consideration of the sume of twenty six pounds 
to me in hand paid by Mary hogman at or before the sealing 
hereof whereof & wherewith I do Acknowledge myselfe fully sat- 
isfied and contented and thereof and every part thereof do ex- 
honorate aquit and discharge the afore said Mary hodgman her 
heirs and executors and assigns forever and do by these presents 
give grante bargaine enfoffe and confirme unto the said Mary 
Hodgman my now dwelling house being sittewated in Redding 
with fower acres of land thereunto adjoining, with the orchard 
garden fencing thereunto belonging & is bounded on ye north 
with ye High Waye and on the East w* The I.ande of Isaac 
Harte and on ye South with ye Lande of Robert Burnap Junr 
& on ye weste w*'' the Lande of Thomas Kendall To have and 
to hold the said house & the fower acres of Lande be it more or 
less with the orchard garden and fencing and every part and 
parcell thereof as it is butted and bounded as above said. To 
the propper use and behoofe of the aforesaid Mary hodgman 
her heirs executors and assigns forever and furthermore the 
said William Hooper do give grante assigne enfoffe the right 
title claime or demand that euer that the said William Hooper 
have or euer had in any of the said premises unto the said Mary 
hodgman her heirs, executors or assigns or from any other per- 
son or persons whatsoever Laying any title claim or interest 
thereto by from or under me. 

"7th d. 4th mo. 1669." 

The names of the children of William * Hooper, taken from 
the Reading records and Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, vol. 
2, p. 450, "all bom in Redding. " 

Whether "Ruth Hooper" was the mother of these children 
(she was the mother of Thomas and John) does not appear: — 

"Mary, b. 1647. 

James, b. and d. 1649. 

Susan, b. 1650. 

Ruth, b. 1653. 


Rebecca, b. 1656. 
William, b. 1658. 
Hannah, b. 1662. 
Elizabeth, b. 1665. 
Thomas, b. 1668. 
John, b. 1670. 

William^ Hooper, b. 1658; m. Susanna . He was a se- 
lectman in Reading, and died in 1692. Of his children whose 
births were recorded in Reading were William, Elizabeth, and 
Ruth. Elizabeth m. Enoch Leonard, of Bridgewater, Mass., in 
1707. Ruth m. John Bolton, of Bridgewater, 1710. Of the 
children whose births were unrecorded were Susanna, who died 
in Billerica, Mass., 1738. In her will she mentions "sisters Eliza- 
beth Leonard and Ruth Bolton, of Bridgewater." The will of 
Susanna Hooper is probated at East Cambridge, Mass. (Middle- 
sex Wills, vol. 22, p. 783). Another child was John ^ Hooper, 
whose birth is not recorded in Reading records. He m. and 
settled in Bridgewater, Mass., before 1703. He became the 
father of a numerous posterity, which is scattered throughout 
New England and the West. (See Mitchell's History of Bridge- 

William * Hooper died in Reading in 1679. The town rec- 
ords show the following entry in their books : — 

" 1679: died this day in 62d year of his life — William Hooper 
— one of the first settlers in the town." 

The burial was in the old cemetery which is described as "so 
far from the church." It was ordered by the town in 1668 
"to fence the grave yard with pine rayles." Rev. Jonathan 
Pierpont, "a Godly and learned man," officiated at the funeral 

Mr. Hooper was survived by his widow Ruth and nine chil- 
dren, with possibly others whose births were unrecorded. 

Abstract from the last Will and Testament of William ^ Hooper, 
made on this " ffifth day of August, 1678": — 

" I give half my lands Upland and meddow to my wife during 
her life. And the other half of my lands and meddow I give to 
my son William and his heirs forever. And my will is that he 
shall improve them all: And his mother to have halfe the profit 


During her life. And at her discease He my son William to have 
all my lands and meddow and Cattle: And to pay to my six 
children that are unmarried ffive pounds apiece as they shall 
come to age. But he shall not pay any for two years after my 
discease. My will is that my two younger sons shall be with 
their mother and my son William till they be fifteen years of age, 
to be helpful to them. And then my will is that they may be 
set to some Trade. And if any of them have a mind to be a 
Weaver. Then I doo will him to have all my Loombs and all 
my Tackling to them. And my household stuffs. I give it 
all to my wife to be at her own Disposal. But if my wife should 
marry. All my Lands and Cattle shall be my son Williams. 
Only the household goods: to bee my wifes as willed. And 
my will is that my brother Captayne Marshall and my cousin 
Ensigne Bancrofte be my overseers to this my last will as above 
s&id."— Middlesex Probate Records, 1679, 17, 4, vol. 5, p. 323. 

To the Inventory of the estate "Captayne Marshall" signs his 
name as Thomas Marshall, and "Ensigne Bancrofte as Thomas 

On Nov. 10, 1684, " Ruth, widow of William ^ Hooper," becomes 
the second wife of Thomas Dutton, of Billerica, Mass. (History 
of Billerica, p. 45). 

Some of the Maine Hoopers, (those of Biddeford), claim that 
William^ Hooper was made a "freeman" in Biddeford in 1648. 
There is no truth in this claim. He was a "freeman" in "Red- 
ding" in 1648, and the records of the town show that he was 
living there on this date. There is no official record in New 
England to show that William Hooper ever lived elsewhere than 
in "Redding." 


John 2 Hooper, b. in "Redding," Mass., 1670; m. Charity 
Kay (sometimes recorded as Key or Keay) before 1701. 
Her family name appears in the " Province of Mayne " rec- 
ords before 1650. Her father was John Kay. (See Province 
of Mayne Probate Records.) John Kay was a Scotchman. 
The family came early into Maine, but how early cannot be 
stated positively. The family surname appears frequently 
in the court records of "ye old Province of Mayne," between 
the years " 1636 to 1686." They may have come into Maine 
at the time of the settlement of the Piscataqua, when " the 
Laconia grant " was made to Sir Fernando Gorges. It is more 
likely, however, as shown by the court records, that they 
were one of those Scotch families who were " disaffected with 
King Charles I.," and were complained of as "discontented 
spirits, hostile to the government of the established church 
who are now settHng on the grants made by the Plymouth 
Company." It is many years since the name of Kay or 
Keay has appeared in York County records. 

The children of John^ and Charity Hooper, all born in Kittery, 
afterward known as Berwick, and now known as South Berwick, 
were : — 

John, b. Jan. 14, 1701; d. 1802. 

Samuel, 6. Feb. 17, 1704; d. 1705. 

Charity, b. Jan. 17, 1707. 

Samuel, b. April 9, 1709. 

Mary, b. April 15, 1711. 

Joseph, b. Jan. 27, 1713. 

Noah, 6. and d. in Berwick, April 11, 1715. 

Love, b. April 28, 1717. 

William, b. April 26, 1719; bap. July 13, 1719. 

Benjamin, b. Feb. 13, 1721; "dismissed to the church in Bidde- 
ford. Me., July 28, 1743." He is the ancestor of the Bidde- 
ford Hoopers; and some of his descendants are the Hoopers 


of Charlestown, Mass., whose names are found in the early 
records of that time. Benjamin Hooper was on the "com- 
mittee of safety" in Biddeford, the Revolution. 
He was also a captain, during the Revolutionary War, of 
one of the Biddeford companies; d. "1802, age 81." 
Solomon, 6. Jan. 22, 1722; m. Bridget ; d. 1789. 

The name of John ^ Hooper appears on the bond of Mrs. Su- 
sanna Hooper, of "Redding," in the settlement of the estate 
of "my late disceased husband William Hooper October 25, 
1692" (Middlesex County Probate Records, vol. 8, p. 16). 

The name of John Hooper appears again on the petition of 
Mrs. Mary Taylor, of "Redding," Nov. 14, 1695, requesting that 
her son, James Taylor, may be appointed administrator of the 
estate of "my late disceased husband Thomas Taylor" (Mid- 
dlesex County Probate Records, vol. 7, p. 333). 

After 1695 we find no one bearing the surname of Hooper 
remaining in " Redding." John Hooper probably left "Redding" 
soon after this date. It may possibly be he whose name, "John 
Hooper," appears in the records of the French and Indian Wars. 
Also his elder brother Thomas (6. 1668), who is mentioned in 
the father's will as one of "my two younger sons," may be the 
same Thomas Hooper whose name is also connected with this 

The name of this brother Thomas ^ Hooper appears in Kittery 
records for the first time April 7, 1696. 

Quarterly sessions held at York, April 7, 1696. 

"We present Thomas Hooper for not ffrequenting the pubhc 
worship of God on ye Lords day" (Part II. Book 5, Fol. 8, 
York Deeds). 

March 5, 1697-98, Thomas Hooper sells to Henry Barter, of 
Kittery, " 27 acres or more which was bequeathed unto sd Hoopers 
wife, Elizabeth by Cap"* ffrancis Champernown Esq*" De*^'^ and 
Since Delieuvd unto s*^ Hooper by Mrs. Mary Champernowne 
Rehct and Executrix of ye Deed," etc. (York Deeds, Book VII. 
FoHo 42). 

"At a legal town meeting held at Kittery May 16, 1699: 
Granted unto Thomas Hooper twenty acres of land provided 
he improve it within one year." 


"For ye year 1714: Paid Thomas Hooper £.5. by John Hooper 
treasurer of Berwick, by the account presented by constable 
Joseph Abbott" (Book I. p. 38, Berwick Town Records). 

Kittery, Me., was incorporated as a town Oct. 20, 1647. At 
this time her territory included all of the Berwicks'and Eliot 
Berwick was set off from Kittery, and incorporated as a town 
June 9, 1713. 

John 2 Hooper, in 1704, bought land from James Emery. 
His name had not appeared previous to this, in York Deeds 
although in the Kittery town records it is shown that John and 
Charity Hooper had a son, John, Jr., born in 1701. This land 
of Hooper's purchased from Emery, in 1704, is described in 
part as "a certain piece of land bounded on ye west by ye coun- 
try road in Kittery, on ye north and south and east by Philip 
Hubbards land, and is a part of Lot of Land on which my father 
did bve, and is excepted out of it when he sold to Philip Hub- 
bard, and lies opposite against ye south east corner of Philip 
Hubbards orchard" (York Deeds, Book 7, Folio 1). 

On Jan. 26, 1716, John Hooper bought the farm owned in 
1704 by Philip Hubbard and Elizabeth Hubbard, his mother - 
"50 acres of land be it more or less with ye barn, ye dwellino- 
house orchard land and buildings" (York Deeds, Book 8, Folio 
200). On this last date, 1716, he had a large farm. 

At this point the writer wishes to consider the evidence which 
seems to connect the John Hooper, of Kittery, Maine, with the 
John Hooper born in "Redding," Mass., in 1670. It is nec- 
essary to do this, because this claim has been questioned. The 
party who has thus questioned and doubted was justified in 
doing so. A genealogical chain is only as strong as its weakest 
link. And when two separate families claim John^ Hooper of 
"Redding" as their lineal ancestor, the one family living in Massa- 
chusetts and the other in Maine, it makes a conservative mind 
cautious about accepting as a fact, what had become only a 
"tradition" with the Maine Hoopers,-that their lineal ancestor 
John Hooper, of Kittery in 1701, was the son of William Hooper' 
who came to New England in the "James" in 1635, and settled 
"Redding," Mass. It is necessary to state that no "vital 
statistics" has been discovered by the writer, or by any de- 


ecendant of William ^ Hooper, which connects him with a John 
Hooper, either in Massachusetts, or in Maine, after the 
birth of tha son John, in Redding, Mass., in 1670. Among the 
Massachusetts Hoopers there was not even this "tradition" 
which the writer found among the Maine Hoopers when she 
commenced these records. It would be confusing to introduce 
the questions raised by the Massachusetts Hooper in his objections 
to this claim made in Maine. The writer has been carefully 
through all of the records of Plymouth County and Middlesex 
County in Massachusetts, and of York County records in Maine, 
and with the following results, which has confirmed her in a 
belief that the "tradition" found in Maine is to be accepted as a 
truth. Whether she is correct in her judgment is for the Hoopers 
to decide. First, it is a self-evident fact that, if John^ Hooper left 
" Redding" about 1695 (and his name disappeared from Middlesex 
records in 1695), and there is no record of his death in Massachu- 
setts, it was necessary for him to settle elsewhere. A John 
Hooper is in the Kittery records in 1701. A search in the York 
Country records in Maine, disclosed the fact that before this date, 
1701, with the one exception of Thomas Hooper, no one bearing 
this family surname had ever lived in York County. A further 
search disclosed another fact: that the recorded ages of the 
children born to Thomas Hooper and his wife, Ehzabeth (Small) 
Hooper (these births are recorded in the years between 1693- 
1705), make it possible that the father of these children was the 
Thomas Hooper born in "Redding" in 1668. These records show 
that those children were daughters. After all these long years it 
will be impossible to decide what motives there were which led 
Thomas and John Hooper to settle in Kittery. But the town 
records of Berwick, Me., as already stated, show that Thomas 
Hooper, together with John Hooper, were in the same town in 
1714, — Berwick, Me. If it is true, that these two men — Thomas 
and John Hooper — were brothers, and were in the same war to- 
gether, it is clearly understood that in going into Maine and 
Canada they probably travelled over "that lonely road that 
runs close to the oceanside (to prevent a surprise from the Ind- 
ians), and was from Boston to Portsmouth, New Hampshire." 
They saw the mountain Agamenticus in the distance, and doubt- 
lessly crossed the Piscataqua into Kittery. One fact is evident 
in the records of York County, — that, if one cannot determine from 


whence these two men came into Kittery, it is certain they both 
found a wife there; for Elizabeth Small was in the family of Sir 
Francis Champernowne, and, as already has been shown, John 
Hooper's wife, Charity, was the daughter of John Kay, which 
family had been long in the "Province of Mayne." 

To the bond of Mrs. Susanna Hooper in " Redding," John 
Hooper's signature appears in a writing that is clear and distinct. 
He spells his name Hooper, and not "huper," "hopper," or 
"hupper." In the early deeds, in York County, this name is 
frequently written with a small h, and is "huper," "hoper," or 
"Hupper." This fact was a very troublesome one to the writer, 
for it was impossible to understand how the same person could 
change the spelling of his own name inside of six years. A long 
search failed to disclose the written signature of John Hooper in 
York County. To be sure, John Hooper was for several years 
town treasurer of Berwick, and it was hardly supposable that a 
man holding such an office could not write his own name. Still, 
the written signature could not be found, or any proof that he 
did not change the writing of his name to "huper" after he went 
into Maine. At last the writer discovered her own blunder. 
She had been reading the deeds wherein John Hooper was the 
grantee, and not the grantor. And thus the name had been written 
by other parties. After a long time a deed was discovered which 
bears the date 1721, in which John Hooper's name appears for 
the first time as a grantor in York County. In this deed he 
writes his name John Hooper, and names "my wife Charity." 
With the aid of tracing paper, a copy of the two signatures of 
John Hooper in Middlesex records was made, and, when com- 
pared with the signature of John Hooper to the deed of 1721 in 
York County, Maine, were found to be so very like as to leave 
no doubt in the mind of the compiler of these records that the 
three signatures were written by the same hand. Before introducing 
this deed as evidence, the writer will again refer to the "tradition" 
in Maine. It is to be remembered that of John ^ Hooper's children 
three sons, John, b. 1701, lived until 1802; William, b. 1719 
d. in Berwick, 1809; Benjamin, b. 1721, d. in Biddeford, 1802' 
Their father died in Berwick in 1761. You will note that the 
birth of one son, John, Jr., covers a century. If you think care- 
fully, you will find it hard to believe that these three sons did not 
know the birthplace of their own father; further, that it will be 


equally hard to believe that they never heard the Christian name 
of their grandfather Hooper, and never learned where he lived 
and died. Admit this much, and it is easily understood what 
foundation the Maine Hoopers have for the statement that they 
are descended from William^ Hooper, of ''Redding." 

It is well for the Maine Hoopers to have a record of this deed : 
" To all People to whom these presents shall Come John Hooper 
of ye town of Barwick in ye County of York in his Majestyes 
Province of ye Malsachusetts Bay in New England Cordwainer 
& Charity ye wife of s^ John Hooper sendeth Greeting. Know 
ye for divers good causes us hereunto moving & more Espe- 
cially for & in Consideration of ye full and whole sum of One 
hundred and Thirty pounds Current money of New England 
to us in hand well and truly paid before ye signing and sealing 
of these presents by Daniel Stone of ye town of Barwick afores^ 
Cordwainer ye Rect thereof we do acknowledge ourselves fully 
Sattisfyed Contented & paid for every part, have given granted 
Bargained & Sold & do by these presents for ourselves onr 
heirs Executors Administrators & Assigns forever fully & 
freely & absolutely give grant Bargain Sell aleine enfieffe as- 
sign Convey pass over & Confirm unto him ye fores^ Daniel 
Stone & to his heirs Executors administrators and assigns 
forever a Certain peece or tract of land Containing Three Quar- 
ters of One acre & Eleven Rods thereabouts lying between 
and Situate in ye town of Barwick afors^ with ye Dwelling-house 
Barn outhouses & orchards & fences & fencing Stuff & all 
whatsoever Standing Lying or growing in or upon s^ land 
being butted & bounded as Followeth," etc. 

"In witness whereof we ye fores^ John Hooper and Charity 
his wife have hereunto set sett our hands & Seals this fourth 
day of December Anno Domini one Thousand Seven Hundred 
and twenty one & in ye eighth year of King George reign," etc. 


CHARITY HOOPER her mark ^ 

Signed Sealed & 
Delivered in the pres- 
ence of us 

James Warren 

Moses Goodwin his mark X 

Thomas Abbott his mark X 
York fs Dec. 27, 1721. 


The above named John Hooper & Charity his wife Came 
before me & acknowledged ye above written Instrument to 

be their free act and deed 

Charles ffrost Jus Feace 

Recorded according to ye originall Dec^ 27^^^ 1721 

p Abram Preble Reg''." 

(York Deeds, Book X. Folio 234.) 

John Hooper was on the building committee of the little church 
in Kittery in 1704. He succeeded Mr. Philip Hubbard as town 
clerk and treasurer in 1712, and continued in office until 1730. 
He was made a deacon of the First Congregational Church in 
1721. He was active in county and town affairs,— a selectman, 
moderator at town meetings, and often one of the grand jurors. 
The county records show that he was appointed to settle disputes 
"out of court"; and his name appears more frequently than 
that of any other man in York County, in the settlement of 
estates. He died in 1761. The date of the death of his wife 
Charity is not known; but, as she is not mentioned in her hus- 
band's will, it is probable that she had already died. They are 
buried on their farm at " Old Fields," Berwick, now owned by 
Mr. Isaac Libbey, a lineal descendant. 

The Will of John Hooper. 

"In the name of God Amen: I, John Hooper of Berwick, 
in the County of York, within ye Province of ye Massachusetts 
Bay, in New England, cordwainer, being aged and infirm of 
body, but of sound mind and memory, expecting the time to 
be near that I must die, and to prevent difference in my family 
about my estate do make and ordain this my last Will and Tes- 
tament. Resigning my soul into the hands of God my Creator 
in Christ my redeemer, and my body to a decent Christian burial 
as my executor shall think most convenient, hoping for a res- 
urection among the Just. 

"What estate it has pleased God to bless me with in this life, 
I give, devise and bequeath and dispose of the same in the fol- 
lowing manner. yi2.-— First my will is that all my just and 
honest debts be well and truly paid by my son Solomon Hooper, 
who I appoint sole executor of this my last Will and testament. 


"Item: I give and bequeath unto my son John Hooper 13 
pounds five shillings and eight pence lawful money, or an equiva- 
lent thereto of Good vendable lumber of that value at money 
price, to be paid by my son Solomon Hooper, my executor, 
m one year after my discease, at some convenient landing place 
m Berwick aforesaid without interest. I also give my son John 
one half of all my common rights undevided in Berwick. 

"Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel Hooper 
9 pounds six shillings and eight pence lawful money or an equiv- 
alent thereto in cattle or good vendable lumber of that value 
at money price to be paid by my son Solomon Hooper, my exec- 
utor, in one years time, after my discease, at some convenient 
landing place, in said Berwick without interest. 

"Item: I give and bequeath unto my sons William and Ben- 
jamin, to each of them, nine pounds, six shillings and eight pence 
lawful money or an equivalent in good vendable lumber, to that 
value at money price at some convenient landing place in Ber- 
wick within one year after my discease, said sum to be paid to 
each of them said William and Benjamin by my son Solomon 
my executor. 

"Item: If any of my said sons John, Samuel, Benjamin, Will- 
iam, or either of them shall die before their respective legacies 
above mentioned shall become due, the same shall be paid to 
their respective heirs, or lawful representatives and all without 
interest if within one year after my discease. 

" Item : My three daughters namely Charity Key, Mary Shorey 
and Love Sprague having already had what I intended to give 
each of them for their portion, my will is that my son Solomon 
pay to each of them the said Charity, Mary and Love his sisters 
five shillings lawful money out of my estate which shall be in 
full of their portion of the same. 

"Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Solomon Hooper 
and his heirs and assigns forever all of my house and land where 
I now live in Berwick: tillage lands, mowing lands, pasture lands, 
woodlands, marshes, meadows, and one half part of all my com- 
mon rights devided and undevided, and all the residue of my 
estate real and personal in Berwick. And in any and every 
place and places whatsoever and wheresomever, money, goods 
and chatels of every sort and kind; debts, dues and demands 
be the same more or less, my said son Solomon paying all 


debts and legacies in this my will mentioned and ordained to 

be paid. 

"Lastly: I hereby revoke and disallow every other former 
will and wills, testament, legacies and bequests, by me in any 
manner before this made by word or writing. Ratifying and 
allowing this and no other to be my last will and testament. 

"In witness whereof, I the said John Hooper hereunto set 
my hand and seal the 22d day of May 1756." 

Signed sealed and wit- 
nessed, pronounced and 
declared by the said 
John Hooper to be his 
last will and testament 
in the presence of us. 

Thomas Goodwin. 

Walter Abbott. 

Joseph Hubbard 

David Goodwin 

Noah Emery 

JOHN HOOPER his mark X." 

Recorded from the original 

Samuel Frost register. 

Probated 7th day of January 1762. 

Will recorded in Probate Office York Co. 
Vol. 10, p. 274. 

Letter administration and Inventory p. 
274, 275. Vol. 10. 


William Hooper, b. at "Old Fields," Berwick, April 29, 1719; 
m. Oct. 29, 1743, Elizabeth Emery, b. at "Old Fileds," Sept. 24,' 
1725. She was the daughter of Elder Daniel* Emery and Mrs. 
Mary (Lord) Hodgdon. The line of Elizabeth Emery's ancestors 
is as follows: — 

Anthony Emery, second son of John and Agnes Emery, 

was b. in Romsey, Hants, England; m. Frances . He 

came to America in 1635. He was in Dover, N.H., about 
1640, and October 22 of that same year he signed the 
" Dover Combination." He kept an ordinary at Dover Neck. 
He removed to Kittery, Me., in 1649. He was juryman 
several times, selectman 1652, 1659, and constable. At four 
different times he received grants of land from the town. 
He was one of the forty-one inhabitants of Kittery who 
acknowledged themselves subject to the government of 
"Massachusetts Bay, Nov. 16, 1652." In 1656 he was fined 
£5 for mutinous courage in questioning the authority of the 
court of Kittery, and in 1660 again fined for entertaining 
Quakers. In 1660 he ^d his house and all his lands to 
his son James, and moved with his wife to Portsmouth, R.I. 
(The writer has seen the record of the above deed.) Anthony 
Emery w^as made a "freeman" in Portsmouth, Sept. 29, 
1660. He served as juryman on several occasions, was chosen 
constable June 4, 1666, and deputy to the General Court, 
April 25, 1672. There is no record of his death or place of 
James ^ Emery came to America with his father in 1635; m. 

first Elizabeth (she d. after 1687); w. second, Elizabeth 

Pidge, of Dedham, Mass (Dedham Records, p. 27). James 
Emery had grants of land in Kittery, 1674, 1676, 1677, 
1684, 1685, 1692, 1693, 1695; elected representative to the 
General Court, 1693, 1695; grand juror and constable, 1670; 
d. 1705. It is related that when he went to Boston his car- 
riage was a chair placed on an ox-cart drawn by a yoke of 


steers, as there was not a carriage in Kittery strong enough 
to carry him. He was a large man, weighing three hundred 
and fifty pounds. 

DanieP Emery was b. in Kitterj^ Nov. 15, 1678; m. March 
17, 1G95, j\Iarg>rett Gowen (her mother was Ehzabeth Frost, 
daughter of Nicholas ffrost, and her uncle Charles ffrost 
was one of the first "Chief Justices" appointed in "ye old 
Province of Mayne." He was a very distinguished man, as 
shown by public records). 

Daniel ^ Emery was a noted land surveyor in York County. 
He was appointed by the General Court to mark the line 
between the common rights of Berwick and Kittery, and to 
mark the division between Kittery and Berwick. He was 
one of the "foundation members" of the Congregational 
Church, and was chosen elder Nov. 11, 1720. He died in 
Berwick, Oct. 15, 1722. Will was probated Nov. 8, 1722. 
His wife Margerett (Gowen) Emery d. in Berwick Nov. 21, 

Elder Daniel^ Emery, b. June 25, 1697; m. June 16, 1720, 
Mrs. Mary (Lord) Hodgdon. He d. September, 1779. Will 
probated Oct. 4, 1779. His sixth child, Ehzabeth Emery, m. 
William^ Hooper. 

The children of William ' and Elizabeth (Emery) Hooper were: 

Daniel, b. 1744; m. Sept. 24, I'Zj^ Hannah Heard, and settled 
in Lebanon, Me., where he d. March 24, 1820. He was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary War, and served in a New Hampshire 
company (see Military Rolls of New Hampshire). 

William, b. 1746; bap. 1746; m. June 21, 1770, Mary Lord, 
daughter of Abraham and Elizabeth (Davis) Lord. 

Elizabeth, bap. July 28, 1751; d. young. 

Noah, bap. Nov. 15, 1755. A soldier in the Revolutionary War. 

Elizabeth, bap. Sept. 13, 1761; ni. Sept. 13, 1779, Tristram Heard. 
He was in the same New Hampshire company with Daniel 
Hooper, who afterwards became his brother-in-law. 

John* bap. July 25, 1761; m. May 11, 1784, Elizabeth Plaisted; 
m., second, Mrs. Jane Wood. He was the father of fifteen 
children. He lived after 1796 on the William^ Hooper farm 
in Berwick. Pie d. in the home of his unmarried daughter 
in Dover, N.H., March 8, 1844. His eldest child was Frances 


Hooper, who married James Lord. Of their children, William 
F. Lord, born May 17, 1819, was well known as the historian 
of Berwick; and to his daughter, Mrs. Frances Hooper 
Moore, the writer is indebted for assistance in her researches 
in Berwick. Another descendant of John Hooper is Mrs. 
Anna M. McCoy, of New York City. 

John* Hooper's son, John^ Hooper, m. Caroline Cushing, and 
lived on "Mast Road," Dover, N.H. Among his grand- 
children are Dr. Fred Hooper Hayes and Mr. Frank Hooper, 
of Dover, N.H. 

Mary, b. March 29, 1764; m. Love Keay. 

Sarah, bap. May 14, 1767; m. June 29, 1790, Rev. Joshua Roberts. 

Martha, bap. May 14, 1767; m. Richard Hovey. 

James, b. Dec. 17, 1769; bap. Feb. 5, 1772; m. Sally Merrill, 
of New Gloucester (she d. January, 1802); m., second, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Hubbard. He had two children by his first 
marriage, both of whom died in 1805. 

Mr. Hooper became the first settled minister of the town 
of Paris, Me. He was ordained in 1795, and the ordination 
services were held in a barn. His brother, Rev. William 
Hooper, of Berwick, preached the ordination sermon. He 
occupied the position as "first minister of the town of Paris" 
until his death in 1842. Mr. Hooper represented the town 
of Paris in the legislature several times, and was on the 
committee in the convention in Brunswick to frame the 
State Constitution. His nephew, George Plaisted Hooper, 
lived with him, and had charge of his farm. He died, leav- 
ing no descendants. 

The History of Paris, Me., gives a full account of Rev. 
James Hooper. 

"William 3 Hooper died in Berwick, Me., July 26, 1809, in 
ninety-first year of his age; his widow, Elizabeth (Emery) 
Hooper died January, 1812, age eighty-seven" (Berwick Town 

On April 30, 1744, William ^ Hooper bought from Thomas 
Wooster a tract of land, "five acres more or less," which was 
in the north parish, five miles north of the homestead of his 
father. It was "bounded southerly by the common way lead- 
ing from Great Falls to Salmon Falls road, westerly by land of 


Joshua Roberts, and easterly by land of Moses Nock," etc. (York 
Deeds, vol. 25, pp. 66, 67). 

This deed describes the land on which William Hooper built 
his house in 1744-45. It is still standing, and is in good condi- 
tion. In this house the children of William and Elizabeth (Emery) 
Hooper were born, with the possible exception of Daniel, the 
eldest. Across the road he built a tannery and shoe-shop, and 
he is described in York Deeds as a "Cordwainer." 

In 1746-47 William Hooper was a private in George Berry's 
company. Sergeant James Tuttle in command. 

Mr. Hooper, with his family, worshipped until 1766, in the 
South Parish, in the church of his childhood, where his wife's 
father was ruling elder, and his own father was a deacon. In 
this church all of his children were christened. It is a tradi- 
tion in the family that in pleasant weather they walked to the 
church, a distance of five miles; and, when the snow was too 
deep, they were taken on an ox-sled. When Mr. Hooper built 
his house, his farm was surrounded by Indians, with whom he 
always lived on friendly terms. 

On April 16, 1766, Mr. Hooper connected himself with the 
"Blackberry Hill meeting-house." It was in the north part of 
the town, at a distance of about three miles from the William 
Hooper farm. His neighbor and friend was the learned Mathew 
Merriam. This church was Congregational, as was the one in 
the "South parish," Berwick. 

"April 1766: admitted to this church William Hooper, and 
wife Elizabeth Hooper: also Elizabeth wife of the minister, 
Mathew Merriam pastor." 

In 1775 the little meeting-house at Blackberry Hill became 
divided on "the validity of infant baptism." Mr. William Hooper 
was one of those who insisted upon "immersion as the only form 
of baptism." He was with the less powerful in the church, 
but was evidently a leader in the opposition. This disaffection 
culminated finally, so far as Mr. Hooper was concerned, in 1782, 
as shown by the following votes : — 

"1782, January: Voted: that a committee be appointed to 
wait upon Mr. William Hooper to learn his reasons for absenting 
himself from church. 

"Mathew Merriam pastor." 


The committee waited upon Mr. Hooper, and reported: — 

"April 1782: The committee above mentioned made a report 
that Mr. William Hooper gave as a reason for absenting himself 
from church that he had scruples against infant baptism: also 
that he thought the church was too arbitrary in admitting mem- 
bers; that the officers of the church managed it too much them- 
selves; therefore voted to wait upon him in hopes that his scruples 

may be removed. 

"Mathew Merriam pastor." 

Mr. Hooper's name does not appear again in the church records. 

These Blackberry Hill Meeting-house records are interesting, 
as giving one an accurate knowledge of the lives of the different 
families in the church. A woman was suspended as a commu- 
nicant because she was "a common news-monger," another 
was a '-'scold," and still another one, a man, was prohibited 
from church attendance "until he keeps sober," etc. The two 
ruling elders were very arbitrary in action and narrow of vision. 
As you read the records, you feel quite certain they worshipped 
themselves a little more than they did their Maker. They had 
the same jealousies, the same petty minds, in church matters 
that one finds in later generations. 

Mr. Hooper's name appears frequently as one of the grand 
jurymen for York County. He is selectman nearly all of those 
years from 1761-84. In the year 1776 his name disappears 
from the Board of Selectmen. He was serving during this year, 
as a private, in Captain William Pearson's company. "Enlisted 
Jan. 24, 1776; service to Aug. 31, 1776, 7 mo. 7 days; also, 2d 
Corporal same co.; service from Sept. 1, 1776 to Nov. 18, 
1776; company stationed for defence of sea coast." 

In the records of the town of Berwick (p. 299), one may read 
this warrant for a town meeting, which is of interest to the Will- 
iam^ Hooper descendants: — 

"Likewise to see what methods the town will take to get pay 
of the people for powder they received in the year 1775-1776. 
Also: to see if the town will give the selectmen any instruction 
respecting taxing Mr. William Hooper for this year and the year 
1776." It is possible that Mr. Hooper's activity, as a member 
of the Board of Selectmen in getting men to enlist and devising 
means to carry on the war, then his own enlistment for 1776, 


together with his age, made him an object of special favor in 
the abatement of his taxes. No other name appears on the town 
records for a like favor. Mr. Hooper was always named in all 
the pubhc records "Mr. AVilliam Hooper," and his son William, 
as "Jr.; Elder; or Rev. William." 

Berwick, during the Revolutionary period, was a scattered 
settlement, composed entirely of farms. They were isolated, 
and were exposed to peculiar dangers during this period. The 
town meetings, held alternately at the south and north end of 
the town, at the hour of one o'clock in the afternoon, were most 
fully represented by the inhabitants. A few lines from the town 
records are worth presenting in connection with the name of 
William Hooper, who was frequently the moderator at these 
meetings, and, as has been shown, he was at this time a member 
of the Board of Selectmen. 

"Berwick, May 31, 1774. 

"To the Honorable, the Delegates of the Colony of Massa- 
chusetts Bay in Provincial Congress at Watertown convened: 
The petition of the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the town of 
Berwick, in the County of York in town meeting convened humbly 
showeth: That the harbors of York and Kittery, within the said 
county, lie open to our now known enemies, and the lives and 
properties of the inhabitants thereof and the neighboring Towns 
along the sea coast exposed to the ravages and depredations of 
the Enemy and the remaining part of the inhabitants of this and 
the neighboring Towns labor under the disagreeable for a scant 
of arms and amunition, of being unable to defend themselves, 
their wives and children and properties should a descent be 
made by the Kings troups on this coast, which they have the 
greatest reason to fear, will inevitably be the cost. Your pe- 
titioners humbly pray this Honorable House in their great wis- 
dom to take the premises into consideration and that they will 
despatch one or more of the companies in the services of the 
Colony in order to guard and defend the coast, and enable them 
by raising more troops in the service of the Colony in some meas- 
ure to defend themselves." 

"We acknowledge and profess faithful allegiance to our faith- 
ful sovereign. King George the Third, and are willing at all times 


to risk our lives and our fortunes in defence of his person and his 
family, but at the same time must earnestly insist for those 
rights and liberties we are entitled to by the laws of God, Nature 
and the Constitution of the Province. Therefore, Resolved: That 
no power on earth has any just right to impose taxes upon us 
but the Great and General Court of this Province, and all others 
are unconstitutional and not to be submitted to," etc. Berwick, 
May 31, 1774. 

"York ss. In full meeting warned for the purpose and holden 
to instruct the Representative of this town of Berwick, resolved : 
that should the Honorable Congress for the safety of the Colonies 
declare themselves independent of Great Britian, we the inhab- 
itants of said town will solemly engage with our lives and our 
fortunes to support them in the measures and will use every 
honorable means to further the cause of independence." 

It is claimed by some of the descendants of WilHam^ Hooper 
that he left his farm to his son John^, by V> ill. But the Probate 
Records of York County show that William Hooper left no will. 
His farm was disposed of in the following deed:— 

"I William Hooper, cordwainer," etc., "town of Berwick, 
county of York," etc., "to John Hooper Junr, his heirs and 
assigns forever: all the homestead, barn, wherein I now do dwell, 
in Berwick aforesaid, containing seventy acres more or less 
bounded easterly by Salmon Falls road, leading from Quam- 
phegan to Pine Hill, and partly by land of Samuel Colley, southerly 
by Salmon Falls river and northerly by land of Joshua Roberts, 
and part or partly by land of Moses Nock: Also one other tract 
of land containing five acres more or less, bounded southerly 
by the common way leading from Great Falls to Salmon Falls 
road, westerly by land of Joshua Roberts, and easterly by land 
of Moses Nock, to have and to hold," etc. 

Acknowledged before, 

Thomas Wentworth. 

June 29, 1796. 

Recorded in York Deeds, Book 60, p. 5. 

The wife, Elizabeth, does not sign this deed. It is probable 
that "John Hooper Junr" was the son of William^ Hooper. 


His descendants, who have always lived in Berwick, claim him 
as such. The York deeds have many records wherein one party 
will name himself Jr. to a father who has a Christian name en- 
tirely different from his own. 

This deed, by its boundaries, clearly describes the farm of 
William ^ Hooper. Here he and his wife E izabclh passed their 
married life, and they both are buried on Hooper's Hill, on the 
farm. Recently the graves have been enclosed, and a simple 
monument has been erected to perpetuate their names. A 
tablet has also been erected in memory of John ^ and Charity 
Hooper, who are buried at "Old Fields," South Berwick. 


William^ Hooper, h. in Berwick, Me., 1746; m. June 21, 
1770, Mary Lord. 

Mary Lord was the only daughter of Deacon Abraham and 
Elizabeth (Davis) Lord. She was born, as were her six 
brothers (five of whom became Baptist ministers), in the old 
Garrison House which stood until lately on the Richard Tozer 
farm in Berwick, Me. Richard Tozer was killed by the 
Indians, Oct. 16, 1675. His daughter, Martha Tozer, married 
Nathan Lord, Jr. Their son. Captain Samuel Lord (the 
father of Deacon Abraham Lord) married in Kittery, Me., 
Oct. 19, 1710, Martha Wentworth, daughter of PauP Went- 
worth, of Dover, N.H. Mary (Lord) Hooper d. in Madbury, 
N.H., Jan. 7, 1826, "aged 84." 

Rev. Wilham Hooper m. (second) Mrs. Sarah Demeritt. He 
d. January, 1827, "aged 80 yrs"; and both he and his first 
wife (Mary) are buried on the Rev. William Hooper farm 
in Madbury, N.H. Headstones mark their graves, and 
the records of the deaths may be found in the Strafford 
County Gazette printed at that time. 

Children of Rev. William and Mary (Lord) Hooper were: — 

Mary, b. March 27, 1771, in Berwick, Me.; m. by her father in 
Madbury, N.H., Nov. 9, 1800, to David Hill, of Durham. 
She was living in 1827, as the settlement of her father's 
estate will prove. 

Ehzabeth, b. 1773, in Berwick; d. in Madbury, Nov. 7, 1818. 

Noah, b. Oct. 9, 1776, in Berwick; m. by his father, June 23, 
1796, to Elizabeth Kelley, of Durham. He was a Baptist 
minister, settled in Dover, N.H., in Belfast, Me., and in 
other places. He d. in Berwick, Me., 1854, and is buried 
with his wife in the Lord Cemetery in Berwick. He had 
a large family. Of these children Noah Hooper, Jr., b. 
Nov. 11, 1806, was a Baptist minister; settled for many 


years in Exeter, N.H., where he d. in 1896. Joseph, 6. 
Nov. 5, 1818; m. Helen Maria Wallingford; d. in Port- 
land, Ore., April 4, 1854. 

John, b. July 4, 1778, in Berwick, Me.; m. by his father. Rev. 
William Hooper, Jan. 22, 1799, to Susan Meserve, of Dur- 
ham, N.H. (Old Madbury Town Records, Book 2, p. 44). 

James, h. 1780; d. in Paris, Me., June 6, 1849. He is buried 
in the tomb with his uncle, Rev. James Hooper, whose name 
he bore. 

Sarah, h. 1782; m. by her father, July 17, 1802, to Chesley, 
of Durham, N.H.; d. in Madbury, 1818; is buried beside 
her father and mother. There is a very large family of 
Chesley descendants. 

Samuel Lord, h. 1785, in Madbury, N.H.; m. March 12, 1807, 
Polly Clark, of Berwick, Me.; d. in Madbury, Sept. 19, 
1807. Son, Samuel, h. in Madbury, 1807; d. in Berwick, 
Me., April 3, 1831. The record of deaths of Samuel L., 
and Samuel, his son, are taken from the headstones. 

In this burial lot, on the Rev. William Hooper farm, are the 
graves of Rev. William and wife Mary, daughter Elizabeth, 
and Mrs. Chesley, the son John Hooper, and Samuel L. and 
grandson Samuel. 

The widow of Samuel L. Hooper became the wife of Ebenezer 
Meserve, of Dover, N.H., before 1831. 

Rev. William Hooper was ordained as "the first Baptist min- 
ister in the State of Maine, April, 1776." At this time he was 
thirty years of age. He had been married for six years. He 
was christened, 1746, in the Congregational church, in which 
church his grandfather, John ^ Hooper, was deacon. What 
reasons there were for his change in faith does not now ap- 
pear. It is probable that he settled soon after his mar- 
riage at "Old Fields." There is the tradition in the family, 
that his father William^ Hooper built a house for him, 
next to his own, on Hooper Hill; but there is no record 
which verifies the statement. The name of William Hooper, 
Jr., does not appear in connection with any deed before 
1778, and then, in the State of New Hampshire. When 
William 3 Hooper sells his "homestead" to John Hooper, 
Jr., in 1796, no mention of any other house is made in con- 


nection with the property. The two houses that were built 
on the WilHam Hooper farm, were probably built after 
The little church in which William Hooper was ordained 
"stood on land adjoining John ^ Hooper's house." There was 
also a parsonage next to the little church which was occupied 
by the minister. A record of the "Early churches of Berwick" 
gives a description of this church and parsonage. The ordina- 
tion sermon of William Hooper was given by Rev. Hezekiah 
Smith, of Haverhill, assisted by Dr. Samuel Shepard. It is 
evident that Mr. Hooper had a respectable following into the 
Baptist faith, as shown by town records (Book 2, p. 313) : — 

"This is to certify to the assessors of the South Parish that 
Jeremiah Wise, Jonathan Abbott, Joshua Abbott, Elisha Grant, 
Stephen Nason, Thomas Goodwin, 3d, Theophulus Abbott, 
Jacob Nason, James Grant attend worship (public) with the 
Baptist Society in this town on the Lords days. 

May 21, 1778. 

Recorded by 

Nahum Marshall, 

Town Clerk. 

There are other town records showing admittance to this 
Baptist church. 

In the "South Parish" of Berwick were born all of the chil- 
dren of Rev. William Hooper, with the possible exception of 
James, Sarah, and Samuel L. 

After his ordination Mr. Hooper devoted the remainder of his 
life to establishing Baptist churches in Maine and New Hamp- 
shire. While he appears in the records as "of Berwick and 
Madbury," he not only had the control of these churches for a 
long number of years, but, as the records of the Baptist denomi- 
nation will show, he was a constant preacher in conferences 
and churches elsewhere. He was not a learned man in the sense 
with which we speak of learning, at the present time; but he 
lived with the companionship of the strongest men intellectually 
in the two States of Maine and New Hampshire. He has been 
described by those who knew him as "like a steam-engine, with 
tremendous force and energy. He would walk long distances 


through unbroken paths to help struggling churches. He rode 
in the saddle as he grew older," and "never failed to keep an 
appointment of any kind." His most marked feature was his 
mouth, which showed great firmness and decision of character. 
He had great gentleness and tenderness with children. He was 
something above the average in height, but in his old age leaned 
heavily on a cane." 

Rev. William Hooper was assessor for the "South Parish" 
in Berwick for the years 1775-77 (Town Records, pp. 225-228). 

David Benedict, in his "Baptist Denomination in America" 
(1820), p. 152, says:— 

"Dr. Shepard and Rev. Wilham Hooper, of Berwick, now of 
Madbury, were the principal promoters of the New Hampshire 
Baptist Association." 

The town records of Berwick show that Rev. William Hooper 
united many persons in marriage, while the town records of Mad- 
bury show that from 1778 until 1820 he performed the mar- 
riage ceremony in some families for two generations; and many 
came to him from the adjoining towns of Dover and Durham. 

Of course, he came close to all these families in their affliction. 

One can never approach the Revolutionary period without 
a feeling of great sadness in recalling the great loss of life in 
those small communities, the poverty and suffering of the 
people, and the courage and patience and heroism with which 
they met everything during those long years of privation and 
hardships. Rev. William Hooper is described as addressing 
town meetings in the two counties of York and Strafford, speak- 
ing to the people in barns, and travelling long distances from 
farm to farm, all in the cause of independence, and urging men 
to enlist. The women and old men and the children left at 
home are described in The Town Book of Berwick as melting 
all their pewter into bullets. These women ploughed the land 
and planted the corn. In this Old Town Book may be found 
the military service of Rev. William Hooper. He enlisted in 
the year 1780, and "served 3 mos. at West Point; 3 mos. at 
Falmouth; in Capt. Jonathan Hamilton's company." He 
was probably a chaplain, although it is not so stated; but par- 
ties at the State House in Boston, who have charge of the mili- 
tary archives in which are kept the records of the Revolutionary 


soldiers, believe this to be so, because "it would be hard to think 
of such a man serving in the ranks." The tradition that he was 
a chaplain is probably true. 

On April 27, 1778, William Hooper, of Berwick, receives from 
John Roberts, of Madbury, N.H., a deed showing purchase of 
thirty-nine and one-half acres of land from Roberts. For this 
land he pays £630 (Strafford County Deeds, Book 3, p. 124). 

This deed describes the land on which in 1780-81 William 
Hooper made his home. The house has been burned, but the 
cellar remains. In the opposite field are the Hooper graves. It 
was once a part of "ancient Dover." This first purchase of 
land was added to from time to time, until in 1827 (as shown by 
the inventory to the estate) it included one hundred acres. The 
farm is now owned by Mr. James H. Dailey, and is the finest 
within the boundaries of the town. 

The Madbury town records of Dec. 22, 1777, has the following : — 

"Voted: that we are willing that Rev. William Hooper shall 
preach the Gospel to us" (Book 1, p. 104). 

The above is the date on which his name appears, for the first 
time, on the Madbury records, and the following is the date of 
the first marriage in Madbury at which he officiated, "Dec. 15, 

It is probable that Rev. William Hooper commenced his 
Baptist missionary work in Madbury by preaching in private 
houses, or possibly in barns, about the time of the record, 1777. 

"1780: Dec. Voted that we build a gallery and put seats 
in the town house for the preaching of Rev. William Hooper." 

Mr. Hooper did something besides preaching to the people 
of Madbury and Durham. He was moderator at many of the 
town meetings after 1781; was a selectman, and served on the 
most important committees appointed by the town. 

"At a legal town meeting held in the Parish house Jan. 4, 
1781 :— 

"Voted: to choose a committee and the committee to con- 
sist of 7 to examine the proposed form of Government for New 
Hampshire: Reverend William Hooper is of this committee." 

"At a town meeting held Nov. 5, 1782, Rev. William Hooper 
is chosen chairman of the committee to examine and report on 
the proposed form of Government for New Hampshire." 

"At a legal town meeting at Madbury Aug. 8, 1791, voted; — 

J > 3 


The Reverend William Hooper a delegate to join the Committee 
at Concord to revise the Constitution of sd State, and to correct 
any violation thereof, and to make such alterations therein as 
by experience may be found necessary. John Demeritt Town 
clerk." — Madbunj Town Records. 

Rev. William Hooper was sent as the delegate from Madbury, 
N.H., to the convention of delegates that met in Exeter, N.H., 
Feb. 13, 1789, to investigate, discuss, and decide whether the 
Federal Constitution of the United States should be accepted 
by the State of New Hampshire. It had already received the 
approval of six States, — Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, 
Georgia, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. 

"The Convention was a notable body of men. It was com- 
posed of men who had been the leading spirits in the state dur- 
ing the Revolutionary epoch, men for the most part of marked 
ability and commanding talents. Among these delegates was 
Gov. John Sullivan of Durham, John Langdon and John Pick- 
ering of Portsmouth, Josiah Bartlett of Kingston, Rev. Will- 
iam Hooper of Madbury, John Taylor Gilman of Exeter and 
Dr. Ezra Green of Dover; the Convention was held in the Court 
House; Gov. John Sullivan was chosen President and John 
Calfe secretary." 

As in Massachusetts, the delegates from the smaller towns 
in New Hampshire were strongly anti-Federalists. Many of 
them came to Exeter instructed by their constituents to vote 
against the Constitution. The discussion of the instrument 
throughout the country was at its height. The leading defender 
of the Constitution was Governor John Sullivan, and with him 
were the two Langdons, John and Samuel Livermore, Josiah 
Bartlett, John Pickering, John Taylor Gilman, and Benjamin 

The leaders of the opposition, — Joseph Badger, Rev. Will- 
iam Hooper, Joshua Atherton, Abial Parker, and Jonathan 
Dow, — although men with less intellectual training, as the de- 
bate progressed, had the advantage of the larger following. 
Very little is known concerning the detailed proceedings of the 
convention, since its journal gives but a most meagre account 
of its work, and the deliberations and debates were unfortunately 
never reported. The opponents of the Constitution repro- 
duced the objections which had just been urged in Massachu- 


setts. They complained of the absence of a religious test. They 
denounced the twenty years' sufferance of the foreign slave 
trade. SulHvan, Langdon, Livermore, explained and defended, 
but they wished to avoid a vote, fearing rejection of the Con- 
stitution. So, after a seven days' session, an adjournment 
was secured for the purpose of giving the delegates an oppor- 
tunity to confer with their constituents. The place of meeting 
was changed from Exeter to Concord, and the time for meet- 
ing was fixed for the third Wednesday in June. 

"The failure of New Hampshire to ratify was the first serious 
check the Constitution had met with, and its friends, as the 
news travelled westward and southward, were much depressed." 
Washington had voiced the general feeling of the friends of 
the Constitution, when he wrote to General Knox from Mount 
Vernon, under date of March 30: "The conduct of the state of 
New Hampshire has baffled all calculation, and has come ex- 
tremely malapropos for a favorable decision on the proposed 
constitution in this state; for, be the real cause of the late ad- 
journment what it may, the Anti-Federal party with us do not 
scruple to pronounce that it was done to await the issue of this 
convention before it would decide, and add, that, if this state 
should reject it, all those who are to follow will do the same, 
and consequently it cannot obtain, as there will be only eight 
states in favor of the measure. Had it not been for this untoward 
event the opposition would have proved entirely unavailing 
in this state, notwithstanding the unfair (I might without much 
impropriety made use of a harsher expression) conduct, which 
has been practised to rouse the fears and to inflame the minds 
of the people." To John Langdon he wrote in a similar vein 
three days later, as follows: "Circumstanced as your conven- 
tion was, an adjournment was certainly prudent, but it has hap- 
pened very malapropos for this state, because the concurrent 
information from that quarter [New Hampshire] would have 
justified the expectation of a unanimity in the convention." 

" It is easy to see that the action of New Hampshire was awaited 
with intense interest by the whole country. No one felt a greater 
anxiety as to the result than Alexander Hamilton, as the fol- 
lowing letter of his, published for the first time in Lodge's re- 
cent edition of Hamilton's Works, indicates: — 


New York, June 6, 1788. 
To John Sullivan, Esquire, 

President of the State of New Hampshire. 

Dear Sir: You will no doubt have understood that the anti- 
federal party has prevailed in this state by a large majority. 
It is therefore of the utmost importance that all external cir- 
cumstances should be made use of to influence their conduct. 
This will suggest to you the great advantage of a speedy decision 
in your state, if you can be sure of the question, and a prompt 
communication of the event to us. With this view, permit me 
to request that the instant you have taken a decisive vote in 
favor of the constitution, you send an express to me at Pough- 
keepsie. Let him take the shortest route to that place, change 
horses on the road, and use all possible diligence. I shall with 
pleasure defray all expenses, and give a liberal reward to the 
person. As I suspect an effort will be made to precipitate us, 
all possible safe dispatch on your part, as well to obtain a deci- 
sion as to communicate the intelligence of it, will be desirable. 

"This letter of Hamilton's very likely had its inflence in has- 
tening the decision of the New Hampshire convention. 

"It met at Concord on Wednesday, the 18th of June, in the 
Old North Meeting-house. Four days served for the discus- 
sion of the constitution, for the preparation and recommenda- 
tion of twelve articles of amendment." 

"The Constitution was adopted by the New Hampshire dele- 
gates on Saturday, June 21, 1788. She was the ninth state to 
ratify, thus giving the instrument binding iorce."—New Hamp- 
shire and the Federal Constitution. 

The will of Rev. William Hooper was signed on "this fourth 
day of January 1827" (Probate Records of Strafford County, 
New Hampshire, Book 35, p. 237). 

In this will he mentions son John, Noah, and James, also 
grandson Samuel Hooper and daughter Mary Hill. He leaves 
to one of his grand-children the "red broad cloth cloak belonging 
to my wife Mary." 


John 5 Hooper, b. in Berwick, July 4, 1778; m. by his father, 
Jan. 22, 1799, to Susan Meserve of Durham, N.H. (Old Mad- 
bury Records, Book 2, p. 44). 

Susan Meserve was the daughter of Colonel Ebenezer and 
Eunice (Torr or Tarr) Meserve. The Meserves were a dis- 
tinguished family in New Hampshire during the Revolu- 

Children of John Hooper and Susan Meserve were: — 

Eunice, b. 1799; m. Timothy Glover; d. June 8, 1859; c, Will- 
iam, Ivory, Rockwood, and others. 

Mary, b. March 5, 1801. 

Irene P., b. Jan. 4, 1804; m. James Stanyon. 

John, b. Dec. 12, 1805. 

William, b. ; m. Abbie Bean, of Bangor, Me. 

Ivory, b. 1809; d. 1831. 

Sarah, 6. 1811; m, Channey Jordan, 1832; d. in Roxbury, 
April 27, 1863; c, Augustus C. Jordan, m. Clara Walker; 

Jennie, m. Daniel S. Meserve; Susan, m. Bigelow, in 

San Francisco. 

Hannah, b. ; m. Dwight Parson, of Bangor, Me. 

Sylvester M., b. 1816; m. ; c, Sylvester; Elizabeth. 

James, b. . 

The children of John ^ and Susan (Meserve) Hooper were born 
in Madbury, with the exception of Sylvester M. and James 

John Hooper ^ was a farmer, and lived on land described in 
deed, "Footman to Hooper" (see Strafford County records). 
This farm was near to the one owned by his father. Rev. Will- 
iam. He held some town offices; and it is claimed that he also 
was a Baptist minister, which is very likely true, as his name 
appears on several records as "preaching to the people in a 


barn." He d. while living in Roxbury, Mass., Oct. 18, 1828. 
His widow, who lived after her husband's death in the family 
of her daughter, Mrs. Sarah (Hooper) Jordan, died in Roxbury, 
April, 1863, and is buried in West Roxbury, in the Jordan burial 



John ^ Hooper was h. in Madbury, N.H., Dec. 12, 1805, He 
spent his young boyhood on the Hooper farm in Madbury, in 
the family of his grandfather, Rev. William Hooper. He m. 
Feb. 26, 1833, Martha Stanwood Perry, of Orono, Me. • 

Martha S. Perry was 6. in Brunswick, Me., Feb. 27, 1811; 
d. in San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 28, 1900. She was the daugh- 
ter of Deacon John and Jane (Stanwood) Perry. Her father. 
Deacon John Perry, was a merchant, and a deacon in the 
First Congregational Church in Brunswick, and later was the 
first deacon in the Congregational church in Orono, Me. 
While in Brunswick, Deacon Perry "organized the first 
Sunday-school in the town and in the state." A memorial 
window was dedicated to his memory in this church in 
Brunsv/ick, Me., Dec. 4. 1894. On this occasion Edward 
Beecher Mason, D.D., quoted the following from Mr. Perry's 
Journal : — 

"I have before me the original journal kept by Mr. Perry, 
in which he gives an account of what led him to undertake 
the formation of a Sunday-school. It is dated 'in the 
year 1811 & 12.' He says: 'Sometime in the winter 
I saw a newspaper containing an account of a Sunday- 
school in England. I enquired of Rev, Mr. Winthrop 
Bailey, then our minister, and also of President Appleton 
what they thought of them and how they were conducted. 
They both thought favorably of them, but could give no 
account of how they were managed. They thought how- 
ever that nothing but reading, and that of a religious nat- 
ure ought to be allowed in the school. This led me to make 
another enquiry, which was this, — Can a. b. c. scholars be 
admitted? And after deliberation, say a month or two, 
they decided that they m ght be admitted, and assigned 
for a deviation of this rule, that unless children were taught 
a. b. c. they never could read the Bible." 
The father of Deacon John Perry was Captain John Perry, of 


Rehoboth. He was born in Rehoboth, Mass., Aug. 7, 1736 
(the son of John, b. March 11, 1700--01, the grandson of 
Nathaniel, h. Oct. 8, 1660, and the great-grandson of Anthony 
Perry. See Vital Statistics of Rehoboth, Mass.). 
Captain John Perry married Leaffe Walker, April 16, 1761. 
She was born in Rehoboth, Mass., Aug. 4, 1742, the daughter 
of Timothy, Jr., and Elizabeth Walker. Her father was a 
captain of a militia company when he was the representative 
to the Genera] Court of Massachusetts in 1757, 1758, 1759. 
The Journals ot the Provincial Congress show that Colonel 
Timothy Walker was the delegate from Rehoboth, 1774-75. 
The Records in the Military Archives of Massachusetts rank 
him as Colonel, who "marched on the alarm of April 19, 
1775, for Lexington." His son-in-law, John Perry, was a 
captain in the same regiment. 

The father of Jane Stanwood, who married Deacon John 
Perry, of Brunswick, and Orono, Me., was Colonel William 
Stanwood. Mr. Stanwood receives this title of "Colonel" as 
a colonel of a regiment of the Maine militia, after the Revo- 
lutionary War. " He was a lieutenant, and had a long and 
honorable record in the Revolution. " Colonel Stanwood was 
born in Brunswick, Me., April 5, 1752. "He was, perhaps, 
the most prominent Stanwood who has ever lived in Bruns- 
wick" (Mrs. Ethel Stanwood Bolton, in "A History of the 
Stanwood Family in America," p. 113). He transferred to 
the President and Trustees of Bowdoin College, in 1796, 
"fifty acres of land." The land thus transferred comprises 
what is now the campus. In 1798 he was made an overseer 
of the college, and held the position until May 16, 1815, 
when he resigned it by letter. Colonel William Stanwood 
was a representative in 1794-95. He died in Brunswick, 
June 24, 1829. The eldest child of William and Hannah 
(Thompson) Stanwood, Jennet, b. July 3, 1784; m. Deacon 
John Perry. 

John^ Hooper sailed on the "Star Pacific" from Boston, and 
landed in San Francisco, Cal., July, 1851. 

We take the following from The Bay of San Francisco: — 

"John Hooper, whose personal history is inseparably connected 
with the State of California, began his residence here in 1851. 


He engaged in business, and at once became an important factor 
in the building of the great Commonwealth. His ancestors 
were from England, and were early settlers in New Hampshire. 
The first year he engaged in the lumber business at the corner 
of Jackson and Stockton Streets, his stock being brought from 
New York and Boston. In 1854 he became connected with 
mines in Amador County. He built the mills and founded and 
named the town of Plymouth. Later he engaged in the grain 
business in San Francisco, having dropped mining at the end 
of seventeen years. 

"His first vote was cast for the Whig party, and upon the or- 
ganization of the RepubHcan party he gave it his allegiance, 
and he has not missed a Presidential vote since his majority. 
During the trying times of excitement in the early history of 
the state, Mr. Hooper was one of the first to join the vigilance 
committee, and, when the great civil war broke out, he stood 
like a rock in favor of the Union, and in every honorable way 
used his influence and money to perpetuate the government of 
the United States. Before going to California Mr. Hooper 
was a merchant in Bangor, Me. John ^ Hooper d. in San Fran- 
cisco, Oct. 3, 1892. 

Children of John and Martha (Perry) Hooper, b. in Bangor, 
Me., were: — 

Mary Jane, b. Nov. 6, 1833; d. June 9, 1851. 

William Horace, 6. Nov, 20, 1834; m. Helen Van Netter. He 

d. Feb. 1, 1879. 

Franklin Perry, b. Oct. 6, 1836; d. July 3, 1904. 

John Albert, 6. Sept. 25, 1838; m. Mary Campbell Brown, of 

Orono, Me., June 21, 1866; c, Albert, b. Aug. 14, 1867; Mary, 

Alice, Jessie, Jeanette, Frank, Arthur. 
Martha Eleanor, b. Feb. 27, 1841; d. 1842. 
Charles App!eton, b. March 14, 1843; m. Ida Geneva Snow. 
Isabel WiHiams, b. May 2, 1845; m. William E. Norwood, of 

Camden, Me.; c, Evelyn Perry, b. in San Francisco, 1871. 
George Wilham, b. June 29, 1847; m. Saphronia Taylor Clapp. 
Arthur Appleton, b. Nov. 27, 1850; d. Aug. 25, 1898. 


Charles Appleton Hooper, b. March 14, 1843; m. June 7, 
1880, Ida Geneva Snow; c, Isabel Martha, Idolene Snow. 


Idolene Snow Hooper, b. in San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 2, 1883; 
m. to Sumner Crosby of Brookhne, Mass., Aug. 6, 1901. 

H l^' 1 





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