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3 1833 01237 6833 

Levi E. Martin, New Kingston, Cumberland County, Pa, 

















About the year 1707 thousands of Germans and Swiss began to emigrate to 
America. The vast numbers that came to Pennsylvania caused public anxiety, 
and as early as 1717 the attention of officials of the Province was turned to this 
subject; so that the provincial council adopted Sept. 14, 1727, the following reso- 
lution, which was enforced : 

"That the masters of vessels, importing Germans and others from the continent 
of Europe, shall be examined whether they have leave granted them by the Court 
of Great Britain for the importation of these foreigners, and that a list be taken 
of all these people, their several occupations, and place from whence they came, 
and shall be further examined touching their intentions in coming hither; and 
that a writing be drawn up for them to sign, declaring their allegiance and subjec- 
tion to the King of Great Britain, and fidelity to the Proprietary of this Province, 
and that they will demean themselves peaceably tOAvards all His Majesty's subjects, 
and observe and conform to the laws of England and of the Government of Penn- 
sylvania.— 6''*/. Rec. in., pp. 29, 2S3. 

Lists accordingly were taken and attested, and are still preserved in the Sec- 
retary's office at Harrisburg. From these lists it is seen that persons by the name 
of Eberle came on sixteen different ships from 1727-1773. 

In signing the lists, they wrote their name Eberle, which is the original and 
correct orthography. Some years ago, school teachers, with a desire to anglicize 
the name, changed the final e into y, which a large part of the descendants con- 
tinued to use, and is the reason why so many now write Eberlt. 

I. Sept. 27, 1727. Fifiy-three Palatines with their families ; about 2C0 persons 
imported in the ship James Goodwell, David Crocket, Master, from Rot- 
terdam, last from Falmouth, appeared, repeated, and signed the Decla- 
ration. Colonial Records III., 284. Among these was 
Heinrich Eberle. 
II. Sept. 11, 1728. Palatines in the ship James Goodwell, David Crocket, 
Master, from Rotterdam, last from Deal, whence she sailed June 15th. 
Bartel Eberle, 
Sebastian Eberle. 

III. Aug. 11, 1732. Palatines imported in ship Samuel, of London, Hugh Piercy, 

Master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes, with 279 passengers. 
Heinrich Eberle, aged 10 years. 
Barbara Eberle, aged 12 years. 

IV. Aug. 30, 1737. Palatines imported in ship Samuel, Hugh Piercy, Master, 

from Rotterdam, last from Cowes. In all, 318. 

Ekekhaut Kherle. 
V. Oct. 8. 1.S4'.). Palatines in ship Charming Polly, of London, Charles Sted- 
man, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Plymouth, with 2:57 passengers. 
Heihonimus Eijerle. 
VI. Oct. 17, 1749. Palatines, Wirtenbergers and Alsatians (from Alsace). Ship 
Dragon, Daniel Nicholas, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Portsmouth, 
with 244 passengers. 

.Johannes Eueule. 

VII. Aug. 24, 17r)0. Ship Rrothers, Muir, Captain, from Rotterdam, last from 
Cowes, with '^Tl passengers. 

Ada.m Ebehle. 
VIII. Sept. 1."), K.")",'. Ship Two Brothers, commanded by Thomas Arnot, from 
Rotterdam, last from Cowes. 


IX. Sept. 2'-',, l",')!. Ship St. Andrew, .Tames Abercrombie, Captain, from Rot- 
terdam, last from Plymouth, .England. 
Jeremias Eberle, 
Hans Jacok Eberle. 
.loFiN George Eberle. 
X. Oct. 16, 1752. Snow Ketly, Theophilus Barnes, Commander, from Rotter 
dam, last from Portsmouth. 

,TonN Tobias Eherle. 
XI. Oct. 2.3, 17.52. Ship Rawley, George Grove, Captain, from Rotterdam, last 

from Plymouth. John George Eberle. 
XII. Sept. 20, 1753. Ship Brothers, William Main, Commander, from Rotterdam, 
last from Cowes. 

George Christopiieu Eberle. 
XIII. Oct. 1, 1753. Snow Good Hope, John Trump, Captain, from Hamburg, 

last from Cowes. Simon Eberle. 

.\1V. Nov. 10, 1756. Snow Chance, Lawrence, Captain, last from London, with 

109 passengers. (rEORGK Li'dwig Eberle. 
.\V. Oct. Ki, 1772. Ship Crawford, Charges Smith, Master, from Rotterdam, 

last from Cowes. .Tohn Jacob Eberle. 
X\'I. Dec. 8, 1773. Ship Montague, William Pickels, Commander, from London. 

Frederick Eberle. 
It is probable that some came at a date earlier than 1727, since in the History 
of Lancaster County, by 1. D. Rupp, page 233, in a list of land holders, some before 
and others shortly after Lancaster County had been erected, he gives the name 
of Eberle. 

In Rupp's History of Lancaster County, page.")t)7, appears the following: "The 
late Dr. Eberle's father, a peerless genius in steel and iron, a natural mechanic, 
manufactured bayonets during the Revolution, not inferior to the Damask blade." 
He was a brother of John Eberle, whose name stands at the head of this book. 
Hence it will be seen that the eminent Doctor John Eberle, who was long professor 
in the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, and the author of standard med- 
ical works, used for many years as text books, and who had a national reputation 
as a great physician, was a nephew and named after him. 


This book, I hope, will appear to you as correct, in writing up the record and 
geneological register of the Eberly Faniily and Register of the friends, under 
these present circumstances in the minds of nearly all who maj^ read the contents 
therein written. However, you are all aware, friends of the Eberly connection, 
are settled and scattered all over these United States. If any person should think 
this an easy undertaking, they would think differently by the time a work of this 
kind is completed. 

Therefore, I hope you will bear with me in the places which may be stated 
wrong in the work before the reader. I think it is as correct as history, knowl- 
edge, information, tradition, and old memory can give of the Eberly ancestors 
and descendants, as far as those eight generations will extend to the present time, 
1895. The following table is given so as to easily distinguish how the friends are 
related in these generations : 

First Cousin, F. C. Second Cousin, S. C. Born, B. Dead, D. 

Years, Y. Months, M. . Days, D. Married, M. 

There is in the year 1895, given in this book, "35 first cousins, yet living at 
this date and 60 are dead ; 249 second cousins living and 88 dead. You are 
aware not all records printed of the friends, about 1,500 names, including 
marriage are correct. 














Our Ancestors were mostly of the Mennonite or Menist Church. The founder 
was Menno Simon, a native of Whit Marsum, born in Friesland, A. D. 1495. 
In 1530 he was induced to examine the New Testament for himself. He had 
consulted with some of his contemporaries such as Luther, Bucer and Bull- 
inger. He also labored in east and west Friesland in the province of Gron- 
iger, Holland,, and Guilderland, Brabant and Westhalint. He died in Fries- 
enburg, near O.denslohe, Jan. 31, 1561, aged 66 j'ears. He also had a great 
many followers from the year 1537 to 1683. The Mennonites were sorely per- 
secuted in Europe and were compelled to flee from one countrj' to another, con- 
sequently, have been dispersed. Some went to Russia, Prussia, Poland, Denmark, 
and invited by Wm. Penn, they transported themselves and families into the 
province of Pennsylvania as early as 1683, and settled in the vicinity of 
Germantown in 1698. In 1709 other families from the Paltinate, descendants of 
the distressed and persecuted Swiss, immigrated to America and settled in Pequea 
Valley, then Chester, now Lancaster County. Among these were the Herrs, 
Meglius and Kendigs, Millers and Oberholtz, Funks, Bowmaus. Others 
settled in the midst of the Mingo or Conestogo, Pequea and Shawanese 
Indians. These were under unpropitious circumstances with the earlj' settlers 
who came here to settle and improve the lands and they were soon joined by 
others who came to America. They settled in Lancaster and Cumberland 
Counties. From the year 1711 to 1773 over 500 families had settled in 
Lancaster County by this time. The history of our ancestors was only kept 
correctly as far back as Grandfather Johannas Eberly. He was born in" 
Lancaster County in 1775. The descendants of Grandfather Eberly at present 
are very great in number — about 1,000. Grandfather John Eberly was married 
to Elizabeth Bricker on Nov. 24, 1776. There were eighteen of the Bricker 
family and the connection is large. Mr. Peter Bricker and Lewis Bricker were 
second cousins to the writer, L. E. Martin. However, we also find when grand- 
father was married in Lancaster County, living there about fifteen years, he 
moved to Cumberland County in 1791, and on July 10, 1798, his land of 288 acres 
was patented, and is located on the turnpike near Sporting Hill. He sold 112 
acres to his son John, and 76 acres to his son-in-law, John Snavelj', now both in 
possession of Simon Eberly. James McCormick is the owner of the old home- 
stead farm. We also learn when the church and schoolhouse were built north of 
Shirmanstown Frieden's Kierelie or at St. John's Cemetery and the old church 
erected, Grandfather John Eberly paid 4£ 17s. 6d They were all blessed with 
health and strength, having eight sons and four daughters. They also proved 
strong and hearty, upright, honest, hard working people. By saving and being 
brought up to be sober, industrious and using economy, the Lord prospered them 
and they became wealthy. They were also members of the churches of different 
denomination of Christians. They all tried to live a godly life in this world 


and went home to glory one by one to meet with all blood-washed souls who have 
pone before. All uncles and aunts had died before 1888 and nearly all the first 
cousins are dead and gone to glory. Twenty-five are yet living in 1895. The old 
stone house was built on the homestead in 17!)8. The farm was well cultivated, 
and they were all good farmers. Joseph Eberly who bought the farm died in 
1820. Moses Eberly, the son got the farm by order of orphan's court from his 
father, Sept. 10, 1844. In March, 1864, Moses Eberly sold the farm of 130 acres for 
a little over $19,000, to James McCormick, now in possession. Grandfather 
Johannas Eberle was born July, 175."), at 7:45 p. M., sign of the twins, died April 
(i, f) o'clock A. .M., 1823, aged 07 years, 9 months, 18 hours, 15 minutes. He 
married Elizabeth Bricker, Nov. 24, 1776. ^he was born June 1, 1739, died Dec. 
4, 1S13, aged 54 years, (i months and 8 days. They were good members of the 
Mennonite Ciiurch. They were buried on the farm in their old graveyard. Sport- 
ing Hill. These are all the generations of the uncles and aunts : 

I. UNCE .lOHN EBERLY. B. Jan. 24, 1778. 

n. UNCLE JACOB EBERLY. Born Oct. 14, 1779. They are also buried 
in the old graveyard of the Mennonite Church with their father near Sporting Hill. 

III. UNCLE DAVID EBERLY. B. Nov. 3, 1781. Buried at Slate Hill 
Mennonite Cemetery. 

IV. UNCLE BENJAMIN EBERLY. B. Sept. 18, 1783. Buried in the 
Cemetery of the Salem Methodist Church, at the turnpike below Hogstown. 

V. AUNT ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. May 5, 1785. M. to John Suavely. 
She is buried at Freidens Kierch in St. John's Cemetery, north of Shirmanstown. 

VI. BARBARA EBERLY. B. May 2, 1788. D. young. Buried on the old 
Kauffman place. 

VII. UNCLE SAMUEL EBERLY. B. April 30, 1790. Buried east of 
Shirmanstown in their cemetery. 

VIII. AUNT CATHARINE EBERLY. B. June 8, 1792. She was M. to 
Joseph Witmer, and buried on the old farm near Middlesex. In 1894 they were 
all removed to Kutz Cemetery. 

IX. UNCLE HENRY EBERLY. B. April 5, 1795, buried at Mount Joy Cem- 
etery, Lancaster County. 

X. AUNT ANNA EBERLY. B. March 23, 1797, M. to John Martin, of Mount 
Joy, Lancaster County; also again to Samuel Musselman, of Lancaster County. 
She is buried in New Kingston Cemetery (near the turnpike), Cumberland County. 

XI. UNCLE JOSEPH EBERLY. B. July 25, 1799, buried in his father's 
Mennonite Graveyard. 

XII. AUNT MARY EBERLY. B. Dec. 21, 1801, M. to Daniel Coble, buried 
in her father's graveyard. 

XIII. UNCLE PETER EBERLY. B.Nov.l2, 1805,buried at Smithville,Ohio. 

I. UNCLE JOHN EBERLY. B. Jan. 24, 1778, D. Nov. 19, 1853, aged 74 Y., 
2 M., 24 D. He was first M. to Miss Shelly. When she died he was marrie 1 the 
second time to his brother Jacob's widow, nee Suavely. She died Aug. 8, 1862, 
aged 72 Y., 6 M., 20 D. He bought 112 acres from the old homestead farm, and 
toiled as a good, honest, industrious farmer. Both lived and departed this life in 
the faith of the Mennonite Church of God. They are buried at Sporting Hill, in 
his father's graveyard, Mennonite Cemetery. 

JOHN ki5i;kly anj) descendants. a 


F. C, CATHARINE EBERLY. M. to Jacob Rupp. When Rupp died she 
wasM. to Jacob Mumma. There were two daughters to Rupp— Catharine and Anna. 

S. C, CATHARINE RUPP. D., aged 57 Y. She was M. to John Eberly, near 
Mechanicsburg. Two children (dead)— Anna Eberly, B. 1858, D. 1886, aged 28 Y. 
She was M. to Alfred Faulding in 187!). He is a machinist in Lancaster City. 
Frank Eberly, B. 1862. 

S. C, ANNA E. RUPP. B. Jan. 8, 1827, D. May. 15, 1S87. aged 60 Y. She 
was M. to Peter Coble in 1851. He was B. Aug. 20, 1830. At present livinff in Lan- 
caster City. Children: Alfred A. Coble, B. Nov. 18, 1852, M. to Zene Hess. They 
had one child. Jacob Coble, B. Jan. 1, 1854, M. to Amanda Christ at South Bend, 
Indiana. Two children. Frank H. Coble. B. Jan. 16, 1857, M. to Hattie Faulding. 
One child. George R. Coble, B. Oct. 29, 1859, D. Feb. 17, 1884, aged 24 Y. Hattie 
A. Coble, B. Aug. 11, 1862, M. to John Fehl. One child. Ida M. Coble, B. April 
16, 1866, M. to Charles Yecher. Two children. 

Catharine Eberly (widow Rupp) was married to Jacob Mumma. He was her 
second husband. He was B. July 10, 1808, D. 1887, aged 74 Y. His wife was B. 
July 18, 1809, D. May 1, 1861, aged 52 Y., 9 M., 7 D. There were three sons and 
two daughters. One D. aged 5 Y. They were good Christians, being honest in 
the world. He was a great business man among men in his day. Jacob Mumma 
was born six miles east of Harrisburg, in Swatara Township. They were mem- 
bers of the Mennonite Church. He was M. to his first wife, Elizabeth Xeisley, in 
Jan. 19, 1832. She died March 20, 1836. Children : Martin Mumma, on the old 
homestead farm north of Mechanicsburg ; John Mumma, living one mile south of 
Mechanicsburg : Anna Mumma, M. to Levi Musselman. Mr. Jacob Mumma was 
again M. to the Widow Rupp, Dec. 10, 1836. She was the daughter of John Eberly. 
Mr. Mumma had by this wife three sons (living), Jacob Mumma, Jr., Eli Mumma 
and Amos Mumma, and one daughter, Eliza Mumma. The daughter was M. to 
Christian Hartxler. Mr. Jacob Mumma, Sr., was also married the third time to 
Widow Hartzler. They had one daughter, Emmie Mumma. He moved to Lan- 
caster County in 1835. In 1839 he moved to Cumberland County. He was one of 
the founders of the First National Bank of Mechanicsburg. The others were, Levi 
Merkle, John Brandt, John Sadler, Levi F. Eberly, Samuel Eberly, Jacob Eberly, 
John Neisley, Solomon P. Gorgas, William R. Gorgas. Mr. Mumma was one of 
the retired solid business men whose life was one of interest. 

S. C, ELIZA MUMMA was M. to Christian Harlzler, living near Mechanics- 
burg. They are good farmers, hcnest, industrious and good to all mankind, loving 
the Lord through all their troubles in this life. Children : Ira Mumma Hartzler 
had a very serious time of sickness. He D. March 7, 1891. aged 25 Y.' 1 M., 6 D. 
George Addison Hartzler D. Nov. 24, 1863, aged 4 Y., 9M.,8D. Barbara C. Hartzler 
D. Sept. 23, 1869, aged 1 Y., 5 M., 25 D. Anna Mary Hartzler, M. to Elias Shelly, 
and Alice Jane Hartzler, M. to Harry Todd, druggist, in Pittsburg. Children : 
Anna Todd, Mary Todd. Martin W. Hartzler, M. to Katie Dietz ; Cora May 
Hartzler, M. to Dr. B. Frank Senseman, a successful veterinary doctor of Phila- 
delphia ; Christian E. Hartzler, Jr., Ellen E. Hartzler, Jacob B. Hartzler, Ada 
G. Hartzler. 

S. C, ELI MUMMA, M. to S. C , ANNA EBERLY. Children: Joseph Mum- 
ma, Mabel Mumma, Harry Hale Mumma, Eli Mumma, Mechanicsburg. He was 
in the cattle business, sold out. He was also a farmer. Was B. 1850, on the old 
homestead S. S. township. Was M. Nov. 25, 1873, to Anna Barbara, daughter of 
Joseph and Barbara E. (Fritchey) Eberly. She died. His father, Jacob Mumma, 


was very liberal with his money and enterprising in spirit that he has stood at 
the head of the business industries. Jacob Mumma, (his grandfather), came 
from Switzerland in 1731. Eli Mumma and wife commenced farming on his 
father's farm in 1875 under favorable conditions, which continued for a number 
of years, when he stopped farming. He was of that class whose object is to 
further the business and social interest in the community. However, with all 
happiness, troubles will cross our pathwaj' through this life. 

S. C, JACOB MUMMA, Jr. M. to Marguerite Jane Boyer. B. 1845, D. 1875, 
aged 48 Y. The children are Frank G. Mumma, M. to Ella George, of Germans- 
ville, Pa., Laura E. Mumma, M. to George S. Comfort. They have two children, 
Frank M. Comfort and Helen E. Comfort. Jennie Mumma, M. to John Lindsey. 
Children ; liruce Mumma Lindsej-, Catharine Lindsey and Marguerite Lindsey. 
They live on the Moser farm, south-west of Mechanicsburg. 

S. C, AMOS MUMMA. M. to Marion Herman, on Nov. 17, 1808. Children: 
Alberta J. Mumma, M. to Levi Hartzler. Children: Lyman G. Hartzler and Helen 
Hartzler. Levi Mumma, Lydia H. Mumma and Marion Mumma are children of 
Amos Mumma. Amos Mumma was a miller and farmer. He was married to 
Marion E. Herman, daughter of Christian and Lydia (Meiley) Herman, of Cum- 
berland County. The Hermans were among the first settlers near New Kings- 
ton, coming there in 1771. The representatives of this family celebrated 
their centennial in 1871, children of the sixth generation being present on that 
occasion. The original farm is now in possession of Peter Wolfort Herman, and 
the land has been in possession of the name since first purchased by the great- 
grandfather of the immediate family of Christian Herman. When these children 
grow older they can read with pride the history of their lineages which extends 
back from both branches for more than a century. Mr. Amos Mumma, now 
living in Mechanicsburg, is engaged in the farming implement business. 

F. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. 1811, died Oct. 3, 1886, aged 74 Y., 2 M. 
and 27 D. She was M. to Jacob Shelly in 1830. He was B. Aug. 20, 1S09, D. Aug. 
20, 1852, aged 43 Y. The Widow Shelly was again married, to Mr. Bomberger, on 
September 5, 1854. Children are : 

S. C, AMOS SHELLY. B. 1834, D. Nov. 5, 1852, aged 27 Y. 11 M. and 15 D. 
He was M. to Mary Strickler, and the Widow Shelly again M. to Chamber Sample. 
He died 1893. Children, Jacob Shelly, M. to Amanda Bear. They had one son, 
Walter Shelley. Elizabeth Shelly, M. to Thomas Anderson on the old homestead 
farm near New Kingston, now living in Mechanicsburg. He is engaged in 
agricultural implements. 

S. C, ELIZABETH SHELLY. M. to John Neidig, on Oct. 12, 1852. She 
D. in 1874, aged 42 Y., 9 M. and 15 D. He is a minister of the gospel among the 
United Brethren in Christ. He has four children dead and only one son living. 
William O. Neidig is a dealer in saddlery and hardware in company with William 
Keller, in Mechanicsburg. He is M. to Emma K. Neisley. His children are 
Elizabeth R. Neidig, Robert J. Neidig, William Neisley Neidig and John Ralph 
Neidig. They live on a farm east of Mechanicsburg. 

S. C, CLEOPHAS SHELLY. B. 1842. He is dead. 

S. C, CATHARINE SHELLY. B. June 17, 1839. She is the only one living 
of the family. She was M. to Martin Mumma, Nov. 24, 1757. He is President of 
the First National Bank of Mechanicsburg. They have three children, dead. 
Edwin Mumma 1). Sept. 12, 1880, aged 17 Y. :i M. and 21 D. Frank Mumma, B. 
March 25, 1802. He died, aged 2 M. and 21 D. Catharine Mumma D. March 16. 

Samuel Eberly, Sporting Hill, Cumberland Co,, Pa, 


188-2, aged 16 D. Milton Mumma, B, 1858. M. to S. C, Sarah Ellen, daughter of 
Joseph and Ellen (Fritchey) Eberly. They live on the good farm at the Hogs- 
town Road. They are members of the Presbyterian Church. Their four children 
are Catharine Romain Mumma, B. Jan. 26, 1882. Mary Ellen Mumma. B. Aug. 
25, 1884. Martin Eberly Mumma, B. Nov. 3, 1887. Sarah Ellen Mumma, B. June 
18, 1891. Clara May Mumma, and Anna Elizabeth Mumma, M. to Edward 
Neiswanger. One daughter, Anna Neiswanger. Jacob Mumma, B. 18G7. M. to 
Mary Hartzler. One son, Samuel Hartzler Mumma, B. 1892, living on his 
father's farm north of Mechanicsburg. William Mumma, B. 1874, and Mary 
Ellen Mumma, M. to Mr. Mumper, of Barre, Pa. 

F. C, JOHN EBERLY. B. June 25, 1819, D. March 20, 1843, aged 24 Y., 6 
M. and 26 D. M. to Elizabeth Neisley in 1S40. Children are Jacob Eberly, B. 
Dec. 7, 1840, D. 1841. 

S. C, JOHN EBERLY, Jr. B. Jan 28, 1843. M. to Elizabeth Ellen Hauck.* 
of Mechanicsburg. Children : Ada Eberly, dead. Minnie Eberly, Nellie Eberly 
and Elizabeth Eberly. They formerly lived in Mechanicsburg, Pa., and removed 
to McPhearson, Kansas; now living at Emelwood, Chicago. The mother of the 
widow Eberly was again married, to Mr. Zearer, now living in Carlisle. They are 
members of the Church of Christians, and live happily in their retired life. 

F. C, SAMUEL EBERLY, of Sporting Hill, was B. Oct. 10, 1820, D. Jan. 31, 
1890, aged 69 Y., 3 M., 9 D. He was a man of usefulness, great in business, strictly 
honest in all his dealings among all men. He was always happy, both temporally 
and spiritually. He was M. the first time to Susan Carver in 1843. They had one 
son and three daughters. Fanna died in 1875. Mrs. Susan Eberlj' was B. 1825, 
D. June 9, 1851. aged 26 Y., 5 M., 8 D. The following year, 1852, she was M. the 
second time to Francis Garver, B. 1831. She was a sister to his first wife. She 
D. Feb. 22, 1886, aged 55 Y., 7. M., 8 D. 

Grandfather John Eberly had 288 acres of land. His son, John, received 112 
acres ; his son, Samuel, received this tract, and his son, Simon Eberly, is now in 
possession of it. This land has been in the Eberly family 100 years. Samuel Eberly 
retired from farm life in 1877. He built a substantial brick house at the turnpike 
about twelve years before he died. The report is that he had five farms, c'ontain- 
ing 667 acres, and costing $98,398. Since 1851 he has been largely engaged in the 
business of settling, administrator, executor, trustee, guardian for 52 estates, and 
written 29 wills. His neighbors, knowing his sterling worth, good judgment and 
strong common sens«, insist on him acting for them. He had written, since 1851, 
1,729 letters, of which he kept a correct account. Mr. Eberly was practically a 
self-made man, starting in life with scarcely any education. He was a bright 
example of what may be accomplished by rigid adherence to truth, justice and 
right, backed by industry. First, a poor and comparatively uneducated lad, in 
his day no man in the community stood higher among all classes of people. He 
has eight children living. 

S. C, SIMON EBERLY has the Uncle Suavely and Glime farms, and also the 
old homestead farm. He was superintendent of the greatest and best bridge 

* Note. —Mrs. Eberly was the daughter of George Hauck. He was raised near New Kingston, 
there learned wagon-making, and in Mechanicsburg in 1813 learned coach-making. He was B. July 
6 1823. His mother was Hannah Senseraan His father came from Lancaster County. His grand- 
father came from Germany in 17G0. When Adam Hauck D. in 1855, George Hauck bought his interest. 
In 1860 he sold the coach-shop. He was in the foundry and machine business of Hauck A: Comestock 
Company until ls80. He was County Commissioner of Cumberland County in 1881-5 ; also director of 
Allen iV East Pennsboro Company. He \vas a good business man. In religion he was a Universalist. 


built across the Conodoguinet Creek at Sporting Hill, with its great stone and 
improvements. The old river bridge was built in 1810 and the new one in 1S!)4. 
Simon Eberly was M to Ellen Bashore in March. 1S70. They had six children: 
Emmie Eberly, Edgar lOberly, Charles Eberly, Fanna Eberly, Frank Eberly and 
Laura Eberly. 

S. C, FANNIE EBERLY. B. 1837, M. to Mr. Lindeman. She D. March 19, 
1875, aged 38 Y.. 0. M., 2G D. 

S. C, KATE EBERLY. B. 1850, M. to Jacob Meily, near Silver Spring. They 
are members of the Presbyterian Church, good farmers, and politically. Republi- 
can. Children: Charles S. Meily, B. 1884; Clarence E. Meily, B. 1887. and Mable 
a. Meily, B. 1890. 

S. C, ELIZA EBERLY. B. 1853, M. to Abraham Bowman in 1875, P. O., 
Mechanicsburg. They are members of the Presbyterian Church. Abraham Bow- 
man was B. Nov. 27, 1850. He is from Fairview Township, York County. He 
farmed there until 1875. when he moved on the Samuel Eberly farm. In 1881 he 
bought the John Best farm, at the road of Brandy Lane, and in 1884 bought the 
Barnhart mansion farm. They also bought the celebrated Kenagy farm, at New 
Kingston, in 1891, and his wife has also the farm near the Ridge, a mile west of 
New Kingston. They have one son, Samuel Bowman, B. 1880. Mr. Abraham 
Bowman has already achieved a good measure of success in what property he has 
ac(iuired, and should his life be spared, the energy in business he has already 
exhibited will place him in the rank of a good citizen of this county. 

S. C, EMMA EBERLY^ M. to William Keller, Jr.. at Mechanicsburg. He 
is a member of the firm of Neidig & Keller Co., dealers in saddlery, hardware and 
leather. They are good Christians, and members of the United Brethren Church. 
They also have a good farm one mile from Williams Grove. Children : Ada Keller 
and Merle Keller. William Keller is a son of William Keller, Sr., M. to Anna 
Musselman, living above Boiling Springs with their family, among their farms. 
They are also members of the United Brethren Church. 

S. C, SARAH EBERLY. B. Jan. 19, 1848, M. first time to John Best on Nov. 
20, 1863. Two children: Frank Best. B. 1869, D. 1889, aged 20 Y\^ Charles Best, 
D., aged 3 Y^., (5 M. She was married the second lime on Nov. 17_JS78, to John 
Strong, of Shiremanstown. They were also good farmers, and st^^ly honest in 
all their dealings among men. They are members of the United Breuiren in Christ 

S. C, ELLEN EBERLY, and S. C, IDA EBERLY, both single, living at 
Sporting Hill, and are members of the United Brethren Church. 

S. C, MARY EBERLY. B. 1851, M. to Benjamin Zimmerman in 1873. They 
have two children : Cora E. Zimmerman, B. Sept. 0, 1875 ; Samuel E. Zimmerman, 
B. Jan., 1880. Mr. Benjamin Zimmerman was B. in 1851. They have a good farm 
at the turnpike. They live near St. .lohn's Church, and are good farmers and 
strictly honest in all their dealings with men, given to hospitality in all things: 
also handling the Word of (ibd, preaching to sinful men, bringing them from 
darkness to light are their means of saving souls for God. They will be rewarded 
in the future home of the Blessed. They are Christians of the Mennonite faith. 

II. UNCLE JACOB EBERLY, Sr. B. Oct. 14, 1779. He D. young, before 
his son, Jacob, was born. He D. March 25, 1800, aged 26 Y^., 5 M., 11 D. He was 
M. to Anna Snavely. She was again M. to his brother, John Eberly. 

F. C, JACOB EBERLY, Jr. B. 1806. He grew up a fine young man. His 
uncle, .lohn Eberly, and his stepfather raised him, and he settled above Shippens- 


burg on a good farm He was M. to Mary Zent in 18:{."). He was born in the same 
year after his father, Jacob Eberly, died. He was also blessed to live to a good 
ripe old age, S:^ Y., 9 M., 10 D. He D. Aug. 29, 1890. His wife D., aged G.-) Y. 
They were good farmers and members of the Church of God in Shippensburg. 
Children : Two sons, D. young. 

S. C, DAYID EBEKLY. B. lS:ir. He is also a celebrated farmer on the old 
homestead. He was M. to Miss Zambro on Feb. i, 18G5. Children: Charles M. 
Eberly, B. Jan. 15, 1S6G : Laura Eberly, B. Dec. 17, ISCii; Frank C. Eberly, B. 
June 26, 1874 : David C. Eberly, .Ir., B. June 7, 1877. Cousin Jacob also had three 

S. C, MARY EBERLY. Single. A good Christian A member of the 
Church of God at Shippensburg. 

S. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY. M. to G. W. Robinson, Sept. 21, ISSl. 
They have no children. She is a good Christian, and lives in Shippensburg. 

S. C, ANNA EBERLY. M. to John Lininger, in 1878. They have three 
children living in Chambersburg. 

III. UNCLE DAYID EBERLY. B. Nov. :J, 1781, in Lancaster County, 
(now Lebanon,) near Sheaflferstown, (Malbeck Stream). D. Oct. G. 18(50, aged 78 
Y., 11 M. and 4 D. He was M. to Catharine Frankenberger on March 17, 1808. 
She was born Dec. 28, 1790, D. July :i, 18G4, aged 73 Y., (i M. and 5 D. They are 
buried in the State Hill Mennonite Cemetery. They first farmed east of Mechan- 
icsburg and then moved to the farm near Shepherdstown. He was first lieutenant 
in Captain Hendle's company, from Carlisle, in the war of 1812. In 1814 he 
walked on foot with the company by way of Pittsburg and Erie. He was in the 
battle of Fort Erie and Lundy's Lane. Bridgwater and Chippewa. They had 
eleven children. Two died young. 

F. C, JOHN EBERLY. B July 17, 1823. Dead. 

F. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. July G, 1831. Dead. 

F. C, FANXIE EBERLY. B. Oct. 2, 1833. D. Aug. G, 1851, aged 17 Y., 
10 M. and 4 D. 

F. C, ANNA EBERLY. B. Sept. 29, 1812. M. to Abraham Hartzler, in 
1832. D. in 1849, aged 37 Y. She had seven children. He was married the 
second time to F. C. Magdalena Witmer in her old days. She died in Iowa, Feb. 
2G, 1874, aged 57 Y., 1 M. and 7 D. Her Sister, Mrs. Kate Kutz, had her body 
sent to Pennsylvania, near the old home, and reburied in Kutz Cemeterj^ Cum- 
berland County. Mr. Abraham Hartzler died in 1880, aged 78 Y. Children : 

S. C, KATE HARTZLER. M. to Scranton, in Iowa. They had three 
children ; two are dead. 

S. C, SAMUEL HARTZLER has children living. 

S. C, REBECCA HARTZLER. M. to Mr. Rankin, in Iowa. Of their three 
children two are dead. 

S. C, ELIZABETH HARTZLER. M. to Mr. Weise. They have five chil- 
dren living. 

S. C, WILLIAM HARTZLER. Dead. His children are living. 

F. C, MARY EBERLY. B. Feb. 11, 1814. Died and had nine children. M. 
to Samuel Cocklin in 1834. He again married widow Eichelberger. sister to 
his first wife. 


S. C, JACOB COCKLIN has three children living and three are dead. 



S. C, ABRAHAM COCKLING. Three children living, one dead. 

S. C, JOHN COCKLING. Married. ,:^ 

S. C, KATE COCKLIN. M. to McCalmon. 

S. C, NANCY COCKLIN. M. to Taylor. These were all Samuel Cocklin".s 
children. The Cocklin and Hartzler fatnil}' were very loyal to the Union. Their 
aggregate service during the War of the Rebellion was eighteen years. 

F. C, CATHARINE EBERLY. B. March <i, ISKi, D. 1SS3, aged 73 Y. 
She was married first to Jacob Eichelberger in LS35. She was again M. to Samuel 
Cocklin. He had been married to her sister Mary. He died in 1891, aged 80 Y. 
Of the Eichelberger children, si.K are dead ; one living. 

S. C, WILLIAM EICHELBERGER is dead ; one daughter living; John 
Eichelberger, dead. 

S. C, DAVID EICHELBERGER. Children, one dead. William Eichel- 
berger and Bessie Eichelberger. Bessie Eichelberger was M. to Mr. Bolick. 


S. C, JENNIE EICHELBERGER. M. to David Donavan. They had 
ten children. Si.x; are dead. David Donavan, Jr., Kate Eberly Donavan, Elva 
Donavan and John Donavan, all still living. 

S. C, KATE E. EICHELBERGER. M. to David Bishop. Children, Jacob 
W. Bishop and Eberly S. Bishop. Kate E Bishop lives at Lexington, la. 

F. C, LEVI F. EBERLY. B. May (3, 1818, I). 1895. Married on Oct. 24, 
1839, to Miss Eliza (Meily) Shuey. They were members of the United Brethren 
in Christ. Mrs. Eberly died happy in the Lord. She was B. 1820, D. March 1", 
1884, aged 63 Y., 4 M. and 2 D. Mr. Eberly and sons were in the wholesale 
lumber business, corner of High Street and the Railroad, Mechanicsburg. He 
was born on the old farm in Upper Allen Township. David Eberly, Sr., was 
B. in Lancaster County, Pa., Nov. 9, 1781, D. in 1801. They were members of 
the ilennonite Church. There were three sons, and si.x; daughters. Levi F. 
Eberly worked on the farm with his father until 1839. After marriage Mr. 
Eberly engaged in farming in Lebanon County for five years, when he sold out 
and purchased a farm in Upper Allen Township. In 1859 he came to Mechan- 
icsburg, and in ISlil established his business. He was connected with the bank, 
and was a great business man in his day. In his declining years he took the 
retired list in life, giving his business, in 1S94, to his sons, who are able to 
perform their business all right. 

S. C, HARRISON EBERLY. B. Nov. Ki, 1840. At the age of si.xteen he 
began teaching school and two years later entered the Cumberland Valley 
Institute and in the Oterbine University at Westerville, O., for two years. He 
was appointed teller at the Merkley Mumma Co. Bank, holding that position 
through various changes of this bank until 1804, when he was appointed clerk in 
the Quartermaster's Department of the army until the close of the war. In 1870 
he was one of the projectors of the West End Railway, which he owned. He 
operated the narrow gauge railroad that ran outside of the centennial ground so 
familiar to all visitors to that e.xposition. At the close of the centennial he and 
others established the dime express in Philadelphia. In 1878 he sold out and 
engaged in the present business of his father and brothers. W. Harrison Eberly 


was married on May 2.'), ISlio, to Mary C. Powers. She was born in Perry County, 
Pa., daughter of John and Elizabeth (Barns) Power. They do an average yearly 
business of $40,000. He is also musical director of the Singer Band, is good in 
music, and a good business man. He is director in the bank (1894). 

S. C, IRA S. EBERLY. B. Dec. S, 1847. M. to Laura Meloy. Children, 
Guy Eberly, Bessie Eberly and Marion Eberly. Mr. Ira S. Eberly is in the 
lumber business with his brother; is also leader in the Singer Band. 

S. C, EDWARD M. EBERLY. B. ApriU, 1845. M. to Margaret Zacharias. 
Children, Raymond Eberly, M. to Margaret Kilmore, of Shirmanstown. They 
have one son. Weir B. Eberly. Mr. E. M. Eberly is also in the lumber business 
with his brothers. He was also in the war, in the 21st Regiment, Pa. Cavalry 
six months. Re-enlisted in the 22d Regiment, Pa. Cavalry for three years. He 
helped to save the Union by fighting against the rebellion. He has a good war 

S. C, DAVID H. EBERLY, Jk. K. Oct. 14, 1842. M. to Kate Weidley. He 
has settled in the west. 

F. C. DAVID EBERLY, Sr. B. Feb. 27, 1820. M. to Fannie Hurst, on 
Oct. 20, 1842. B. June 5, 1820, D. May 0, 18(J2, aged 42 Y., G M. and 11 D. 
They had four children. She was a good Christian mother. 

S. C, LEE L. EBERLY, living at York. B. in 184G. M. to Aggie A. Leidig 
on Nov. 21, 1865. Children, Maud L. Eberly, M. to Dr. R. L. Piper, Oct. 17, 1893. 
Dr. Piper is from Tyrone, Pa. The other children are LeRoy L. Eberly and 
Edith L. Eberly. 

S. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. Nov. 20, 1845. Daughter of David and 
Fannie (Hurst) Eberly. M. to George Washington Titzel on Nov. 23, 1803. B. 
Oct. 11, 1843, D. 1883, aged 40 Y. He was a member of the Pennsylvania 
Volunteers during the late war. The widow lives in Lindsburg, Kan. Mr. 
Titzel was engaged several winters previous to his marriage in teaching school, 
then in farming and cabinet making, coal dealing and grocery business. They 
had eight children, three of whom are dead. Ettie Romain Titzel, B. July 1, 1864. 
She is a trained nurse in Chicago. Fanna Irene Titzel, B. Feb. 3, 1806, D. March 
29, 1873, aged 7 Y. Christian Edward Titzel, B. Dec 10, 1867. M. to Wildred 
Burk, of Iowa, now living in Omaha. They had one child. Flora Titzel, B. Oct. 
11. 1890. David Park Titzel, B. Jan. 8, 1870, D. Feb. 9, 1873, aged 8 Y. George 
Washington Titzel, b. March 10, 1874, D. March 6, 1880, aged 6 Y. Mary C. 
Titzel, B. March 10, 1872. (Single). Teaching school in Kansas. Elizabeth 
Ruby Titzel, B. Jan. 10, 1878. (Single). Living at Collegeville, Montgomery 
County, Pa. Clara Gertrude Titzel, B. Feb. 13, 1880. Living at Titzel's, in 
Mechanicsburg. Mrs. E. Titzel was a good Christian mother, and bore her 
troubles with patience. She had a large family, scattered in different states. 

S. C, KATE EBERLY. B. Nov. 22, 1843. M. to George K. Mooney, of 
Perry County, Pa., Nov. 22, 1864. Now living in Lindsburg, Kansas. They 
have six children, three of whom are dead. Lillie E. Mooney died in Mechan- 
icsburg. B. Oct. 14, 186.5, D. Oct. 15, 1865. Lee Kauffman Mooney, B. Oct. 9, 
18G6, at Mechanicsburg. M. to Belle Steele, of Idaho. He has three children 
now living in Kansas City, Mo. In addition there are Mary Hamilton Mooney, 
B. Aug. 31, 1868, at Mechanicsburg. D. Dec. 10, 1872, in Nebraska City, Neb. 
Joseph Ralph Mooney, B. Dec. 16, 1872, at Crete, Neb. Roy Eberly Mooney, B. 
Sept. 2, 1874, at Crete, Neb. Clarence Edward Mooney. B. March 15, 1877, at 
Crete, Neb. They are living in patience, and have a large family. 


S. C, SAlfAH A. KBEKLY. R. Aug. 3, 1848. M. to Samuel H. Myers, on 
Nov. 28, KSC)?. D. 1882. af^ed 154 Y. Thej' had three children, one of whom is 
dead. :\Iinnie Myers. H. July It), 1870. Ralph Myers, D. Oct. 13, 187.5. John H. 
Myers, B. April 14, 1873. He is attending the College of Pharmacy in Philadel- 
phia. They are good members of the (ierman Reformed Church. Mr. David 
Eberly married the second time, to Widow Mary Dellette. Her former name was 
Mary Ilublej'. They are good parents, good nalured among their fellowmen in 
all their dealings. They are honest and good Christians, members of the church, 
looking forward to the future home. He farmed for a number of years, sold his 
farm, moved to Mechanicsburg and was engaged in the hardware business until 
burnt out. He was agent for the Eberly & Orris Spoke Factory in Mechanics- 
burg. Mr. Eberly had seven children to his second wife, Ida Eberly, who died 

S. C. LAURA EBERLY. B. 186(i. M. to Willard Zeiffler, of York, on 
Feb. 21, 1889. They have one child, Edna Zeigler, B. in Philadelphia, March, 
1889, who now lives in Chicago. 

S. C. CHARLES SUMNER EBERLY. B. April 3, 1868, M. to Etta Cork, of 
Norfolk, Va., in 1891. Children: Dellette Cork Eberly, B. 1892, D. Feb., 1893; 
also a son, B. March, 1894. 

S. C, LILLIE A. EBERLY. B. 1872, M. to Fred. S. Steward, of Canada, in 
Jan., 1888. Children : Clara Laontine Steward, B. in York. Oct., 1889. Now living 
in Brooklyn, N. V. 

S. C, GEORGE EBERLY. D. young. 

S. C, DAVID EBERLY, Jr. B. 1873. He is a druggist in Philadelphia. 

S. C, RALPH EBERLY. B. May, 1878. He is going to school in Mechan- 

F. C, SARAH EBERLY. B. July 13, 1821, M. to John Heicher in 1843, D. 
1852, aged 30 Y., 5 M., 23 D. She is buried in Slate Hill Mennonite Cemetery. 
Mr. John Heicher was B. Jan. 24, 1820, and was M. the second time to Mary Nev- 
ling. He D. March 30, 1862, aged 42 Y. 

S. C, IRA D. HEICKER. B. Sept. 28, 1847, and enlisted first in the 127th 
Infantry, Pa. Vols., 9-months' men. Captain Hummel. He was taken prisoner 
with twenty-one men out of Co. F., 20th Pa. Cav., at Bath, W. Va. In the same 
regiment, Co. D , a S. C, First Lieut. Samuel E. Gross, of Chicago ; S. C, Henry 
Snavely, and F. C, Levi E. Martin, were all true soldiers to save the union of 
states. Ira Heicher D. in Libby Prison, or Belle Isle, Richmond, Va., April 8, 1864, 
where he had been confined from Sept. 7, 18G3. He was buried in Richmond ceme- 
tery. His grave is unknown. 

S. C, DAVID H. HEICHER. B. Jan. 26, 1844, D. Sept. 5, 1858, aged 14 Y. 

S. C, LEVIER E. HEICHER. B. April 21, 1851, D. of yellow fever in New 
Orleans in 1867, aged 16 Y. He enlisted as bugler in ihe Sixth United States 
Infantry in 1865, and D. in the second year's service. 

S. C, MICHAEL U. HEICHER. B. July 12, 1849, M. to Anna G. Hackman 
Oct. 12, 1868. Children : Viola S. Heicher, B. July 19, 1869, M. to Frank Speese 
in 1887. Children : Pearl G. Speese, B. July, 1888 ; Helen H. Speese, B. Oct., 1889, 
in Oberlin. Marion V. Heicher, B. Oct. 5, 1870 (single). She is at Gorgas' drug 
store. Harry H. Heicher, B. July 21, 1872 ; Edna G. Heicher, B. June 22, 1883 ; 
Reba L. Heicher, B. Feb. 14, 1887. Mr. Michael U. Heicher has also a war record. 
He served during the late rebellion ; enlisted Jan. 28, 1865, in the 192nd Pa. Vols., 


Co. C, for three years with Captain Hummel. He was was under Col. Steward 
in the Shenandoah Valley, AV. Va , until the close of the war. He was mustered 
out Aug, 28, 1SG5. 

S. C, LEVI F, HEICHER. B. July 13, 18i6, M. to Lizzie Orner Oct. 25, 18G(J. 
She was B. 1850. Children : Carrie Heicher, B. May 13, ISGS, M. to Benjamin 
Levey Dec. 27, 1887, head packer in Steelton Flour Mill ; Maggie Heicher, B. 
March 14, 1872 M. to Harry Collman, the barber, of Steelton, July 22, 1890. One 
son : Chester Collman, B. Jan. 15, 1891. Urmay Heicher, B. Jan. 9, 1875 (single). 

F. C, REBECCA EBERLY. B. July 20, 1825, D 18r)2, aged 37 Y. She M. 
Christian Hertzler in 1815 and had eight children. He is living in Mechanicsburg. 
He was a good farmer for a number of years, and a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. He is also a good business man. He was again M. the second time to 
Widow Fry. formerly Miss Erb. The third time he was M. to Miss Kate E. Comfort. 

S. C, SARAH A. HERTZLER (deceased.) She was M. to David D. Landis, of 
Shiremanstown. They had five children ; all daughters: Marcella Landis, M. to 
Christian Musselman, living at Riverton. The^^ have one daughter, Florence Mus- 
selman. Beatrice Landis, Irene Landis, Florence Landis and Lois Landis. 

S. C, CATHARINE HERTZLER. M. to Joseph Best. Children : Anna Best, 
M. to Mr. Eppley, living in Mechanicsburg; John E Best and Charles Best, living 
west of Mechanicsburg. 

S. C, FLORENCE HERTZLER. B. 1859, M. to Lemuel Tood Breneman in 
1879. Children : Harriet Breneman, B. 1880 ; Anna Breneman, B. 1882 ; Romain 
Breneman, B. 1883 ; Lester Breneman, B. 1885, and Mary Breneman, B. 1888. They 
live three miles east of Carlisle. 

S. C, AGNES HERTZLER. M. to Charles Irwin Comfort. They have one 
daughter, Mary Elizabeih Comfort, who resides at Newijort, R. I. 

S. C, HARRY HERTZLER. M. to Anna Robertson, of Philadelphia. Chil- 
dren : Lulu Hertzler and Norman Hertzler. One child is dead. 

S. C, MARY ELLEN HERTZLER. M. to Samuel S. Hauck. She D. in 187G, 
aged 35 Y. 

S. C, REBECCA JANE HERTZLER. B. 1854, M. to Samuel Trimble in 
1871. She D. in 1877, aged 23 Y. One son, Mervin Trimble and one dead. 

S. C, LAURA HERTZLER. M. to Charles L. Vanreed, manufacturer of 
paper in Reading. Children, Mary H. and Raymon Vanreed. 

F. C, JACOB EBERLY'. B. Feb. 11, 1828, D. May 11, 1894, aged G6 Y^ 3 M. 
M. to Mary Hartzler in 1847. She was a good Christian mother, raising her family 
all right and respectable. This was a great credit under her trying circumstances. 
She lives in Mechanicsburg. God's blessing on her and family! Jacob Eberly 
drifted to Harrisburg in business and next to farming at Union Deposit. He died 
there in 1893, aged G5 Y. 

The following are their cliildren : (Two of whom are dead.) 

S. C, ANN EBERLY. (Single), B. 1862. 

S. C, CHRISTIAN EBERLY. B. 1848, M. to Mary Best in 1872. Children, 
Anna C. Eberly and Cora A. Eberly, living in Ottowa, Kan. 

S. ■€., CATHARINE EBERLY". B. 1851, M. to James Haselet ; he is dead. 
They had two children, one of whom is dead. One child, Ida Haselet, is still living. 

S. C, BARBARA EBERLY. B. 1854, M. to Simon Deitz in 1881. They have 
one son, David Cleveland Deitz. 


S. C, SARAH EBERLY. B. 1S5S, M. to Harry Hurst. They have one 
daughter, Hatty M. Hurst. 

S. C, FRANK EBERLY. B. 18G0, M. to Hatty Kiefer, of Berks County. 
Children, Clayton Eberly, Lilla M. Eberly and Elma Eberly. 

S. C, JACOB ADDISON EBERLY. B. 1804, M. to Eliza Hake. Children, 
Norman E. Eberly and Wilmer Eberly. These two brothers are in the drug busi- 
ness in Philadelphia. 

lY. UNCLE BEXJA3IIN EBERLY. B. Sept. 18, 1783, D. Nov. 10, 1SG5, 
aged 82 Y., 1 M., 22 D. He was married to Barbara Kauft'man. She D. July 18, 
1857, aged 64 Y., 8 M. They both died in the triumphs of faith, members of the 
Methodist Church and good Christians of the olden times, when the children of 
God were persecuted on account of their religion. They led a farmer's life. They 
are buried in the Salem graveyard, below Hogstown, near the turnpike. 

F. C, HENRY EBERLY^ D. Oct. 17, aged 5 Y., 3 M. 

F. C , BENJAMIN EBERLY, JR. B. 1816, D. July 22, 1849, aged 32 Y. He 
M. Miss Rosier, S. C. They had three children, who are now living in Baltimore. 

F. C, JOSEPH EBERLY^ B. 1810, D. April 6, 1876, aged C5 Y., 6 M., 8 D. 
He M. Sarah Ellen Fritchey. She was B. 1831, D. March 4, 1891, aged 60 Y\ She 
was a daughter of Rev. Fritchey. Joseph Eberly was the son of Benjamin Eberly. 
Joseph and family were good farmers living on a good farm across the Canado- 
guinet creek, near the Bryson bridge. They were also good Christians. 

S. C, WILBER AUGUSTUS EBERLY. B. 1866. He was engaged in the 
business of manufacturing spokes and wheels with R. J. Shapley. He moved to 
York. He M. Miss Poffenberger, of Harrisburg, 1894. 

S. C, THOMAS COKE EBERLY. Married in the west. He is living in the 
western country, one child, D. March 11, 1895, aged 40 Y. 

S. C, ANNA BARBARA EBERLY\ B. 1866, M. to Eli Mumma in 1873, D. 
March 11, 1895, aged 40 Y. Mr. Mumma was in the cattle business in Mechanics- 
burg, near High Street. Children, Joseph E. Mumma, Mabel Gertrude Mumma 
and Harry Hale Mumma. 

S. C, MARTHA EBERLY. B. 1854 (single). 

S. C, MARY ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. July 10, 1853, M. to Abraham Seber 
in 1874. Children : Sarah Ellen Seber, B. Aug. 2, 1876 ; Harry F. Seber, B. Dec. 
15, 1881. They live south of Middlesex, and are members of the German Baptist 

S. C, SARAH ELLEN EBERLY. B. 18GI, M. to Milton Mumma Dec. 23, 
1880. They have four children: Catharine Romain Mumma, B. Jan. 26, 1882: 
Mary Ellen Mumma, B. Aug. 25, 1884; Martin Eberly Mumma, B. Nov. 3, 1887; 
Sarah Ann Mumma, B. June 18, 1891. They live on their farm on the Hogs- 
town Road. 

S. C, EMMA JOSEPHINE EBERLY. B. 1864, M. to Wm. Link Singiser, 
Feb. 27, 1890. He was B. in 1862. He is in the grocery business in Mechanicsburg. 
The above named Emma J. Eberly is the youngest daughter of Joseph Eberly. 
Children: Anna Singiser, B. 1890, and May Singiser, B. 1892. 

F. C, JOHN EBERLY. B. 1813, D. Oct. 25, 1883, aged 70 Y.. 8 M., 12 D. He 
was M. to Barbara Shelly in 1834. She D. Oct. 20, 1887, aged 69 Y'., 3 M., 22 D. 

Benjamin Eberly, Mechanicsburg, Pa- 


They were good Christians in the Church of Jesus Christ, and their families are 
business men. They had a military record in the war of the Rebellion. They 
were good farmers for years on the old homestead. 

S. C, DANIEL W. EBERLY. M. to Martha Taylor in 1875. Children : Wayne 
Eberly, Margaret Eberlyand Ellen Eberly. Mr. Daniel W. Eberly was also in the 
15th Pa. Cavalry, serving three years in the war of the Rebellion to save the United 
States from secession. He owns the old homestead farm and is at present engaged 
in the grocery business, and lives in Mechanicsburg. 

S. C. ELIZABETH EBERLY. M. to John Ulrich in lSr2, D. Jan. 9, 1881, 
aged 27 Y., 22 D. One son, John E. Ulrich, Jr., is attending school. .The father 
is in the grain and forwarding business in Mechanicsburg. 

S. C, AUSTIN G. EBERLY'. B. Feb. I, 1850, three miles north of Mechan- 
icsburg He is a son of John and Barbara (Shelly) Eberly. Austin G. Eberly was 
M. on Oct. 5, 1876, to Miss Lizzie A. Coover, a native of Dunkirk, N. Y. She is a 
daughter of Jacob H and Jane (Sarvant) Coover, of Piermont, Rockland County, 
N. Y. The children are : Frances Eberly, Austin C. Eberly, Jr., Ira Coover Eberly, 
Lawrence Eberly, Paul C. Eberlj' and Olive C. Eberly. Both the last named died 
of scarlet fever in the j'ears 1884-5. The father, John Eberlj^. was a farmer and 
a member of the Methodist Church. He died in 1883, aged 70 Y. His widow was 
a member of the Messiah Church, and died in 1887, aged <;9 Y. Austin G. Eberly 
and Adam Orris are manufacturers of wheels and wheel material and all kinds 
of hard wood lumber in Mechanicsburg. There were six brothers. Benjamin 
F. Eberly, Jr., was a traveling salesman. He was also a soldier. Mr. Austin G. 
Eberly remained on the farm, attending school in the winter, until he was 10 Y. 
of age, when he clerked four ytars in a grocery store for his brother in Mechanics- 
burg and then bought out his brother and conducted business alone until 1880, 
when he formed a partnership with another brother, John Milton Eberlj-. He 
then sold out to Adam Orris in 1884, and the firm has since been Eberly & Orris. 
Mr. Eberly is a member of Eureka Lodge, No. 302, A. F. & A. M., Samuel C. Per- 
kins Chapter, No. 209, R. A. M., St. John's Commander y, K. T.. No. 8, at Carlisle. 
He passed the chairs in both Blue Lodge and Chapter. Mr. and Mrs. Eberly are 
members of the Church of God, Mechanicsburg. He is one of the enterprising 
reijresentative business men of the day, and one of the leading manufacturers of 
the Valley. His grandfather, Benjamin Eberly, a farmer, was M. to Elizabeth 
Kautfman. Some of the early settlers are of German descent. Mr. Austin G. 
Eberly was a director of Mechanicsburg Bank in 1894. 

S. C, ANNA EBERLY. M. to Captain J. T. Zug, of Carlisle. Children : 
Frank D. Zug, Augustus Zug, Remain Zug. Captain Zug was in the war. At the 
call for troops by the President to save the L'nion — in ihis wicked rebellion — from 
being broken up, to preserve these United States and oar liberties which we had 
enjoyed for over a hundred years, and to save our homes, he joined a company in 
the vicinity of Mechanicsburg, of which he was elected Second Lieutenant. He 
was promoted to First Lieutenant, and afterward became its Captain. During 
the severe fight on the peninsula he received a serious wound, and again at the 
battle of Fredericksburg he was wounded still more seriously. The last wound 
necessitated the amputation of his right arm at the shoulder, and since that time 
his health has been seriously impaired. As a soldier and citizen, Captain Zug 
rose to the highest mark of manly merit, and his memory will always be honored 
among men. He lived in Carlisle, where he died in 1891. 


S. C. BKNMAMIX F. EBERLY. B. Dec. 31, 1839, oldest son of John and 
Barbara (Shelly) Eberly. He was born in Meclianicksburp, Cumberland County. 
He was among tlie first to enlist for the defence of his country upon the call of 
the President of the United Stales for troops, and he served three years in the 
islands and swamps. He went from Fort Pulaski to Fort Sumter. He served one 
year in Virginia, in front of Petersburg. He had charge of the signal station, 
Morris Island, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter. He passed through the 
grades of Private, Sergeant, First Lieutenant, Quarter Master, and Brevet Captain. 
He was brevetted Captain April 2, 18G5, for gallant and meritorious conduct in 
front of Fort Sedgwich. while Quarter Master and in command of his Company. 
He was mustered in, May S, 18(31. and mustered out. May 30, 18G5. He was M. 
to Carrie Reinohl, daugliter of Augustus and Sarah Reinohl, of Yerdalia, Lancas- 
ter County, on Oct. 2."i. 1801. Children, Florence May Eberly, B. May 20, 1872, M. 
to Earl "Wilson Gardner, grandson of R. Wilson, and private secretary of Frick"s 
Works, Waynesboro, in Feb., 1895. Caroline Reinohl Eberly, B. May 1.5, 1874, M. 
to J. J. Moore, June 1894. Mr. Moore is a druggist of Philadelphia, formerly of 
Dillsburg. They were married by Rev. M. Ort. John Shelly Eberly, B. Oct. 20, 
1883 ; Edward Stanton Eberly, B. Dec. 17, 1869; Albert Milton Eberly, B. Oct. 4, 1807. 
He has two sons in the west, Ray Sadler Eberly, B. June 1884, and Wolfred Eberly, 
B. 1887. Albert Milton Eberly, eldest son of B. F. Eberly is private secretary in 
Secretary Herbert's otlice. Navy Department, Washington, D. C. Edward Stan- 
ton Eberly, second son, book-keeper in the office of the American President Asso- 
ciation, Dallas, Texas. 

S. C . .lOHN MILTON EBERLY. B. Aug. IB, 18.55, M. to Miss Sue H. Sad- 
ler, Williamsport, in Feb. 22, 1883, living in Columbus. Ohio, East Long Street. 
He is a wholesale tabacconisv. He was formerly of Mechanicsburg. He is a son 
of John and Barbara (Shelly) Eberly. 

F. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY\ B. March 31, 1822. She M. Solomon Perry 
Gorgas. He D 1887, aged 72 Y. He organized the Irving Female College of 
Mechanisburg. He had two sons, both are dead : S. C, William Eberly and S. C, 
Wesley Eberly. Solomon P. Gorgas was one of the pioneers of Cumberland County. 
His parentage was of early distinction. He was B. Aug. 31, 1815, on the old 
homestead farm in Lower Allen Township. He was married on May 8, 1885 to 
Elizabeth Eberly. She was B. March 31, 1822. She was a daughter of Benjamin 
and Barbara (Kauffman) Eberly. Solomon P. Gorgas farmed in Fairview Town 
ship, York County, until 18.50, when he came to Mechanicsburg, In 1855, he 
purchased 50 acres of what is now a part of the east side of the town. In 1859 
Mr. Gorgas, in company with Levi F. Eberly, John Sadler, Levi Merkel, Samuel 
Eberly, Wm. Gorgas, John Neisley, and John Brandt, formed a banking company 
under the firm and name of Merkle, Mumma it Co., with John Brandt as Presi- 
dent, and Levi Kautfman as Cashier. In 1861 the bank became the Mechanics- 
burg bank, chartered under the State law, Levi Merkle President. In 1804 the 
bank was chartered as the First National Bank, with Solomon P. Gorgas, Presi- 
dent ; and re-chartered in Feb , 1883. To our subject and wife have been born 
nine children. Six are dead, three living in 1894. Gorgas has been identified 
with this county the past 70 years. He and his wife stand high in the estimation 
of all who know them. They reside in the house in which they were married GO 
years ago. Mrs- Gorgas is a member of the Methodist Church. Mr. Gorgas is one 
of the old settlers and one of the upright, solid business men. He died in 1887, 
aged 73 Y. He has held various local offices of trust in this town and has lived 
to see the town undergo many interesting and important changes. In 1895 Mrs. 
Gorgas was yet living. 


S. C, KATE E. GURGAS. Married Joseph X. Clark. Sr. They had six chil- 
dren, Willie Clark, Mary E. Clark, Edgar Clark, Joseph X. Clark, Jr., Riymon 
Perry Clark, George Clark. They are living in Harrisburg, Third Street, and have 
two good drug stores. Mr. Clark served four years in company H., Seventh Pa. 
Reserves, fighting for the Union of these States against the rebellion. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. 

S. C, MARY E. GORGAS. M. William C. Hicks, proprietor of the people's 
tea store, of Harrisburg. They had two children : Amelia Hicks, Elizabeth Hicks. 

S. C, ANXA B. GORGAS. M. Jacob H. Roller on March 21, 1883. He was 
a member of the firm J. B. Roller et Co., manufacturers of spokes, rims, fellows, 
hubs, and wheels. Children : Mary Elizabeth Roller, B. Feb. 4, 1884. 

V. AUNT ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. May 5, 178.5. She D. May 10, 1873, 
aged 88 Y., 5 D. She was M. to John Snavely in 1802. He D. May 25, 1849, aged 
73 Y., 2 M., 17 D. He was hurt by a fall into the mill hopper at the Yellow 
Breeches' mill which injuries resulted in his death. Elizabeth Eberly had in 1S73, 
at her death, 62 grandchildren, 122 great-grandchildren and two great grandchil- 
dren. We cannot be correct in all the names of the relatives and the number of 
their families. At the present time they are so extensive in the increase of the 
descendants scattered in the western States. They .are the largest family of their 
generation. Mrs. Eberly raised a large family and she was also a good Christian 
mother and patient, considering all her troubles. They were good farmers. He 
was also in his day, a celebrated grain cradle maker. They had a good farm along 
the turnpike near Sporting Hill and later they owned the George Rline farm, now 
in possession of Simon Eberly. The children are all dead, but two, in 1895. Most 
of the children died young and single. 

F. C, JOHX SXAVELY. B. Aug. 9, 1810, D. Jaa. 22, 1833, aged 22 Y., 3 D. 

F. C, JOSEPH SXAVELY. B. June 23, 1827, D. April 1, 1834, aged 6 Y., 
: M., 8 D. 

F. C, BEXJAMIN SXAVELY. B. Sept. 3, 1829, D. 1849, aged 20 Y., 19 D. 

F. C, SAMUEL SXAVELY. B. Xov. 25, 1801, D. March 12, 1835, aged 31 Y., 
3 M., 19 D. He was M. to Elizabeth Musser Feb. 7, 182(j, and was a good farmer 
and a Christian. The Widow Snavely, after many years, was M. to Samuel Mus- 
selman on July 18, 1852. She was B. March 5, 1803, D. Aug. 8, 1884, aged 81 Y., 
5 M., 5 D. She was again left a widow about eighteen Y. She was a daughter of 
the noted Dr. John Musser, who was born in Lancaster County, Pa.. June 20, 1777. 
His great-grandfather was a native of Canton Berne, Switzerland. His grandfather 
and grandmother were Jacob and Mary (Hostetter) Musser, and his father and 
mother were Dr. Benjamin and Barbara (Engle) Musser, all of Lancaster County 
In 1799 Dr. Johnn Musser was M. to Elizabeth Neft', and became the father of three 
sons and five daughters. Their names are: Benjamin, Elizabeth, Anna, John, 
Martha, Henry, Mary and Susan (Mrs. Musselman, of Xew Ringston, who is dead). 
Mrs. Mary Wisler D. in 1895, aged 84 Y. Dr. Musser moved from Lancaster County 
to Xew Cumberland, where he had a large practice. He had a great reverence for 
truth and abhorred vice, common in his day. He D. June 10, 1820, and on the 
same day of the same month of June. 1845, the partner of his life was laid beside 
him in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, near X'ew Cumberland. Mrs. Snavely was a good 
mother and a friend to all persons around her. She was a Christian and a member 
of the Evangelical Association at Xew Kingston. She was also the widow of Samuel 
Musselman, and died happy in the Lord. The following are the children : 


S. C, SUSAN p. SNAVELY. B. Oct. 18, 1828. She is a good worker in the 
churcli at New Kingston, a member of the Evangelical Association, and of the 
Christian Endeavor Society. She is a good worker in the cause of temperance and 
a good Christian. She is kind to all about her, has been good to her family in 
sickness, to her aged and disabled mother, and to John Eberly. She will receive 
her reward. She was never married. They sold the property to Wolfort Herman 
in 18!).') and moved to Harrisburg. 

S. C., MARY L. SNAVELY. B. May 10, 18P..5, M. to Benjamin Ilaverstick, 
who I). June 15, 18(i8. He was B. Sept. 27, 1830. At the time of his death he was 
:!8 Y. old. Both their children, a son and a daughter, are dead. Mrs. Ilaverstick 
had a High School education. His mother, Lydia Milton Haverstick, B. in Lan- 
caster County in March 8, 1807, was yet living in 18!)5, nearly 90 Y. old. Mr. B. 
Haverstick was a soldier in Co. B., 0th Reg., Pa. Cavalry, in 1864. He also worked 
for the Government. Mr. Haverstick and Mrs. Mary Haverstick are members of 
the Methodist Church. She is living in New Kingston with her sister, Susan, and 
is a good worker for the Christian Endeavor and temperance cause. We all expect 
to meet our old friends in heaven who have lived together on earth. In 1805 the 
two sisters moved to Harrisburg. 

S. C, ELIZABETH SNAVELY. B. Aug. 22, 1831, D. Sept. 25, 1895, aged (ii Y. 
She was M. to Jacob Walters Dec. 22, 1853. He was B. Jan. 15, 1827, and farmed 
near Sporting Hill. Mr. Walters D. Feb. 22, 1853, aged 29 Y., 1 M., 7 D. The 
daughter, Martha Ellen Walters, was B. Sept. 4, 1851, D. Feb. 27. 1805, aged 10 Y., 
5 M., 23 D. Mrs. E. Walters was M. the second time to William O. Rhoads, on 
Jan. 14, 1804. He was. B. April 5, 1835. Mr. Rhoads was drafted Oct. 10, 1S()2, 
served in Co. A., 158th Reg., Pa. Vols., and was discharged Aug. 12, 1803. He has 
been a follower of God for 41 Y., starting in the good old way in the church which 
then stood above Kingston at the cemetery. He and his wife are both members 
of the Evangelical Association. They lead a godlj' life on earth, and expect to 
meet their friends to be happy in the future home forever. Children : David Elmer 
Rhoads, B. Aug. 31, 1808, D. Nov. 7, 1890, aged 22 Y.: Susan Alvernia Rhoads, B. 
Feb. 11, 1807. D. Aug. 27, 1807, aged M., 10 D.; Mary E. Rhoads, B. Jan. 4, 1805. 
il. to Alvin E. Rudy, Feb. 20, 1891. Mr. Rudy's trade is painting and frescoing. 
He lives at Rockville. The daughter, Mary E. Rudy, B. Nov. 28, 1891, is a good 

S. C, DAVID M. SNAVELY. B. Dec. 27, 1820, M. to Ellen Cautt'man in Aug. 
17, 1848. Ellen Cauffman was B. Dec. 5, 1830, D. Dec. 17, 1885, aged 55 Y., 12 D. 
They are all humble Christians, members of the German Baptist or Brethren in 
Christ Church. They desire to meet their friends in heaven. David Snavely 
served in the armv for three years, being a member of the Third Regiment, Com- 
pany H. He was a miller by trade, living in Middletown. He was married the 
si'cond time to Clara Widders, May 25,1893. The following are the children that have 
(lied : Agnes Elizabeth Snavely, B. Aug. 31, 1849, D. Aug. 29, 1851, aged 1 Y'., 9 M., 
29 D. Susan Elmira Snavely D. June 24, 1857, aged 1 Y'., 7 M., 8 D. David Cook- 
man Snavely D. April 26, 1865, aged 6 M., 26 D. William Henry Snavely D. Jan. 
21, 1867, aged 10 M., 9 D. Joseph Galen Snavely D. Aug. 20, 1873, aged 3 M., 7 D. 
Samuel Price Snavely D. July 16, 1868, aged 8 Y., 1 M., 8 D. The following are 
living : Johnston Snavely, B. June 9, 1851, living in Harrisburg, Green Street, No. 
805. Unfortunately he lost his foot by the cars when young. He is a noble man 
of business and a member of the German Baptist or Brethren Church. He M. 
Mary Sauder Nov. 12, 1S7S. She is a member of the Methodist Church. Children, 
Gertrude Snavely, Clarence Snavely, Paul Snavely. Martha Jane Snavely, daugh- 

David Musscr Snavely, Middletown, Pa, 


ter of David Snavely, B. June 20, 1853, M. to Samuel B. Vance in J)ec. 24, 1S7S. 
Children : Ellen E. Vance, Ida Vance, Margara Estella Vance. Marj' Alice Snavely, 
B. Oct. 22, 1857. M. to Levi F. Bashore on Aug. 10, 1876. Children : Bertha Bashore, 
Samuel S. Bashore, David S. Bashore. Sarah Ellen Snavely, B. Oct. 22, 1857, M. 
to Henry L. Gipe on Aug. 22, 1880. Children : Charles Gipe, Oma Gipe, Harry S. 
Gipe, Ellen Gipe, Simon Gipe. The last named two daughters of David Snavely 
are twins. Michael Grant Snavely, B. June 28, 1868, M. to Catharine Orth. Chil- 
dren : Elvan May Snavely, Edith Snavely, Carl Snavely, Emma Elvina Snavely, 
B. July 15, 1870, M. to Charles W. Bickman on Oct. 10. 1893, and resides at No. 12 
Market Street, Philadelphia. She is celebrated for vocal and instrumental music. 

F. C, FRANCES SNAVELY. B. June 16, 1807, M. to Benjamin Mosser Jan. 
20 1825, bj' Rev. George Lochman. a Lutheran minister. Benjamin Mosser was 
B. Feb. 4, 1801, in Manor Township, Lancaster Countj% and D. at Millersburg in 
1854, aged 53 Y. Farming was his chief occupation in Fairview Township, York 
County. In 1833 his brother, Henry, took a trip west to Ohio. They also moved 
on the Eberly farm (now McCormick's) until 1835, and after this time he was in 
the grain and flour business. Benjamin was somewhat inclined toward politics 
in 1839, but was defeated. In politics he was a Whig, and was actively engaged 
in the campaign for General Harrison. He received the nomination for assembly- 
man and succeeded in being elected. He served two terms as a member of the 
legislature, then moved to Dauphin County in 1835. The following are children : 

S. C, ELIZABETH MOSSER. B. Jan. S, 1826, in York County. . 

S. C, JOHN S. MOSSER. B. May 9, 1827, in York County. 

S. C, HENRY^ D. MOSSER. B. Dec. 20, 1828, in York County. 

S. C, BENJAMIN MOSSER, Jr. B. Dec. 21, 1830, in York County. 

S. C, CATHARINE MOSSER. B. Oct. 1, 1832, in Cumberland County. 

S. C, ANNA MOSSER. B. April 13, 1834, in Cumberland County. 

S. C, JACOB MOSSER. B. Nov. 5, 1835, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, JOSEPH R. MOSSER. B. Feb. 7, 1837, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, LEVI MOSSER. B. Ma,lch 15, 1838, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, DAVID MOSSER. B. June 9, 1839, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, DANIEL MOSSER. B. Sept. 3, 1840, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, HIRAM MOSSER. B. Nov. 29, 1841, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, JEREMIAH MOSSER. B. April 9, 1843, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, WILLIAM MOSSER. B. March 18, 1845, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, SARAH MOSSER. B. April 9, .1847, in Dauphin County. 

S. C, JOSIAH MOSSER. B. July 7, 1849, in Dauphin County. 

Jacob Mosser, Levi Mosser, Daniel Mosser, Hiram Mosser, Jeremiah Mosser, 
William Mosser, Sarah Mosser, seven children, all died young. The good and kind 
mother of this large family made her home with heV son, David Mosser. She D. 
in 1870, aged 63 Y. Her disease was dyspepsia. In her infirmities of body she 
had the virtues of faith, patience, and meekness, and the Christian's hope of meet- 
ing all her good friends in heaven. 

S. C, ELIZABETH MOSSER. B. Jan. 8, 1826, D. in 1889, aged 63 Y. She 
was M. to Josiah Seal, of Upper Pax'on, Dauphin County, in 1844. He was B. May 
5, 1820. Children: Frances Louisa Seal, B. Jan. 29, 1845; John Benjamin Seal, 
B. March 1, 1847 : Sarah Ann Seal, B. Dec. 27, 1850 : James Augustus Seal, B. Aug. 
28, 1852 ; Emma Virginia Seal, B. March 1, 1860, and George Lincoln Seal, B. Sept. 


2, 18G4. Frances Louisa Seal was M. to Addison J. Haverstick in 1868. He was 
B. April 11, 1843, in Dauphin County. Children : Bertha Virginia Haverstick, B. 
Aug. 30, 1809, and Jennie Elizabeth Haverstick, B. April 24, 1871. Benjamin Seal 
was a member of the legislature and editor of the Millersburg paper. He was M. 
to Miss Freck. 

S. C, JOHN S. MOSSER. B May 9, 1827, M. Jan. 20, 1848, to Elmira Hoffman. 
She was B. Jan. 19, 1830. Children : Frances Ellen Mosser, B. Feb. 3, 1819, M. to 
William Kahler, of Millersburg, April Ki, 1808. He was B. May 25, 1843, in Dauphin 
County. Children : Harry Edwin Kahler, B. Oct. 22, 1SG8, and Howard M. Kahler, 
B. Nov. 10, 1871. Sarah Agnes Mosser, B. Aug. 9, 1851, M. to Beneville Boyer. 
Children: Henry Augustus Mosser, B. July 3, 1853, M.; Irvin Boyer, M.; Henry 
Boyer, M.; Mary Ellen Boyer, M. (dead.) Anna Kate Mosser, B. Sept. 19, 1857, M. 
to James Meek. Children: Henry Meek, dead; Agnes Meek, dead. Laura Vir- 
ginia Mosser, B. Nov. 18, 1859, M ; George B. McClellan Mosser, B. Nov. 6, 1861 ; 
John S. Mosser, manufacturer and general foundryman of Mosser & Schriver Co., 
Millersburg, Dauphin Co., Pa. 

S. C, HENRY D. MOSSER. B. Dee. 20, 1828, M. to Mary Ellen Rupley May 
16, 1854. She was B. Dee. 19, 1832. Children : George Wesley Mosser, B. June 19, 
1856, D. Jan. 15, 1857, aged about 7 M.; Elmer A. Mosser, B. Jan. 10, 1858, D. July 
4, 1858, aged abouc 6 M.; Charles Emory Mosser, B. Nov. 30, 1859, M. to Clara 
Knaby. They had six children : Clara E. Musser, William Mosser, George Warren 
Musser, Odessa Musser, Virginia Musser, Carrie Jennie Musser. One of the daugh- 
ters, B. Feb. 16, 1864, D Feb. 10. 1804. Henry Clinton Mosser, B. Aug. 4, 1861 
(single). Mr. Henry D. Mosser, living in West Fairview, Cumberland County, Pa., 
is a farmer and carpenter. 

S. C, BENJA:MIN mosser, jr. B. Dec. 21, 1830, D. 1876, aged 40 Y. He 
was M. to Susan E. Muench Jan. 1, 1852. She was B. Nov. 15, 1832. Children : 
Caroline Louisa Mosser, B. Oct. 15, 1852, D. Nov. 22, 1852 ; William Henry Mosser, B. 
Dec. 25, 1853, M. to Laura Roming. Children: Charles Mosser, Adessa Mosser. Em- 
ma Francis Mosser, B. March 21, 1850; Daniel Augustus Mosser, B. May 2, 1858, M. to 
Louise Edwards; Frank Elwood Mosser, B. Sept. 21, 1800, M. to Jennie Parker 
Children: Clayton A Mosser and Reba Mosser. This family live on Sixth Street (near 
North), Harrisburg, Pa. He is very successful in business as a photographer. His 
studio is on North Third Street, Harrisburg. The family are members of the 
United Evangelical Church. Isaac Smith Mosser, B. Oct. 27, 1802. D. Feb. 11, 1863 ; 
Clara Lydia Mosser, B. Oct 27, 1864, M. to F. B. Meleison. Children: Chandeler 
Meleison (dead). Benjamin Mosser, Jr., builder of canal boats and dealer in coal. 

S. C, CATHARINE MOSSER. B. Oct. 1, 1832, M. to Pennville Boyer Nov. 
22, 1850. He was B. Dec. 21, 1831. Children : Irvin W. Boyer, B. June 16, 1851, 
M. (one child); Henry R. Boyer, B. April 29, 1855, M.; Frances Ellen Boyer, B. 
Dec. 5, 18.59. He is a farmer and resides near Oakdale, Lykens Valley. Post-Ofliee. 

S. ('., ANNA MOSSER. B. April 13, 1834, M. to Isaac Lloyd Dec. 10, 1858. 
He was B. Jan. 21, 1833, and lives on Third Street, Harrisburg, Pa. He is a cele- 
brated school teacher, being principal of Reily Street School in 1894. They are 
good ( 'hristian members of the Church of God. Children : Mary Ellen Lloyd, B. 
Dec. :!, 18.59, M. to George Hutman. Children ; Fannie Hutman and Anna Hut- 
man. Mr. Hutman runs a fine jewelry store, and is a good business man. His 
place of business is on Third Street, Harrisburg, Pa. ; he also lives on Third Street, 


near Hamilton. Clara Lloyd, B. Dec. 2(i, 1861, I). March 2, 1865 ; Fannie Elizabeth 
Lloyd, B. March 6, 1864 (unmarried). One son, Howard Lloyd. He is attending 

S. C, JOSEPH R. MOSSER. B. Feb. 7, 1837, :\[. to Amanda E. Lane in 1868. 
She was B. March 30, 18-17. Children : Elizabeth Lane Mosser, B. Oct. 1, 1869 
(dead); Benjamin Mosser D., aged 21 Y., and Etlie Mosser. Howard, the oldest 
son, D., aged 15 Y. Mr. Joseph Mosser served three years in the army, being a 
member of the 202nd Reg., Pa. Vols. He is a school teacher and farmer, and lives 
in Ellicot City, Md. 

S. C, DAVID MOSSER. B. June 9, 1839, I). July 9, 1871, aged 33 Y. He was 
M. to Susan M. Coble Nov. 28, 1861. Children : Fannie E. Mosser, B. April 25, 1862, 
M. to George Beidleman. He is a music teacher in Baltimore and is blind. Ben- 
jamin F. Mosser, B. June 10, 1864 (dead) ; Mary E. Mosser, B. Nov. 15, 1866. M. to 
Charles Smith, the butcher, in Harrisburg. Children : Florence Smith and Stanley 
Smith. Maggie Mosser, B. Dec. 1. 1869 (dead). David Mosser was a good harness- 
maker. He and his good Christian mother are buried at Camp Hill, Cumberland 
County, Pa. From his youth up I do not think he had an enemy in all the wide 
world. In the church of his chDice he was faithful, and spent his life in the cause. 
He was well gifted in speaking, and the example of his good old mother constantly 
taught him important lessons. In her declining years he took her into his family. 
He was kind, affectionate and tender. Thus a useful and most devoted Christian, 
leaving his friends below, entered into his eternal rest. 

S. C, JOSIAH A. MOSSER. B. July 27, 1849. He was M. to Anna Broughton 
Nov. 15, 1856. Children: Bertha A. Mosser, B. Oct. 1, 1874; Elva F. Mosser, B. 
June 6, 1878 ; Edith M. Mosser, B. June 24, 1880 ;■ Mary E. Mosser, B. Sept. 29, 
1882; Martha B. Mosser, B. Jan. 6, 1887 ; Benjamin H. Mosser, B. April 15, 1893, 
and Walter G. Mosser, B. Aug. 3, 1894. Josiah Mosser is a saddler by trade, and 
works at Bridgeport. He lives at Wormleysburg. They are both good Chris- 
tians, and members of the Church of God. 

F. C, ELIZABETH SNAYELY. B. in 1809, M. to Abraham Haldeman, Sept. 
11, 1828, in Cumberland County, Pa. In 1849 they moved to Winchester, Scott 
County, 111., where Mr. Haldeman I). Jan. 4, 1854, aged about .50 Y. His wife D. 
March 21, 1891, aged81 Y., 11 M., 17 D. Shedied in the hope of heaven. She was a 
good woman, and loved by all who knew her. Her remains were laid to rest at 
Winchester in the family burying ground. She was M. the second time to Mr. Hag- 
gart. There were six children to Haldeman. 

S. C, JOHN HALDEMAN. Belonged to the 129th 111. Reg., and D. a prisoner 
of war at Columbia, South Carolina, in 1864, aged 33 Y. He dug out with other 
prisoners, but being too weak on prison boarding to run, or even to walk fast, our 
poor cousin was recaptured and died for the Union. He was not married. 

S. C, IRA HALDEMAN. D. 1862, aged 26 Y. The sons are all dead. 

S. C, ELIZABETH HALDEMAN. M. to Dr. H. A. Brown, D. in Missouri in 
1891. She was the mother of eleven children. We last heard of them living in 

S. C, MARY HALDEMAN. M. to John S. Wilson, D. Oct. 16, 1878, aged 39 Y. 
She wasamember of the Methodist Church and died happy. They had six children, 
two daughters and four sons. They are living in the eastern part of Illinois. 

S. C, SARAH HALDEMAN. D. June 5, 1862, aged 19 Y. (single). 


S. C, CATHARINE HALDEMAN. B. 1S30, M. to B. C. Vincent. He was 
6.') ;ind she 04 Y. old in 18!)4. Tliey had four children, two daughters (died young) 
and two sons: B. K. Vincent, B. 185.5, is 3!) Y. old and a farmer. He lives in Ne- 
braska, near Hildreath, Franl'Clin County. Winfield Scott Vincent, B. 18.33, is 41 
Y. old, and lives in Abinglon, Knox County, Illinois. Traveling salesman ten years. 
B. C. Vincent. Sr.. and wife lived at Ripley 41 years, and now live at Rushville, 
Illinois. They have nine grandchildren. They are good Christians, and members 
of the Methodist Church. 

F. v., CATHAIUNE SXAVELY. B. 1814, 1). Aug. 10, 1892, aged 78 Y., 2 M. 
She had sixteen children; four died young Her first husband was Rev. Michael 
France Snavely. He was B. Feb. 15, 1810. died by an accident on the railroad. He 
was scalded to death near Jolliet, Illinois, Nov. 3, 18.54, aged 44 Y., 9 M., 23 I). 
Her second husband was James Chamberlin. They had one son, 

S. C, IRA J. CHAMBERLAIN, M. to Ellen Bain. Rev. Michael F. Snavely 
and wife were good Christians, and desire to meet all their large family in heaven, 
where parting will be no more. 


S. C, JOHN SNAVELY. M. to Martha Green. They have five sons living : 
Michael David Snavely, "William Snavely (single), Ira Archibald Snavely, John 
Lincoln Snavely and Moses Snavely. 

S. C, CATHARINE SXAVELY. M. to Philip J. Zeller. They had seven 
children. Henry J. Zeller, Lizzie Zeller and Iowa Zeller are dead. 

S. C, WILLIAM A. SNAVELY. M. to Mary Jane Dean. They had five 
children (one dead). They are: Jessie Suavely, Birdie Snavely, Nellie Snavely, 
Kate Snavely and William Snavely. 

S. C, MICHAEL F. SNAVELY. His first wife was Susanna Catharine Logan 
(dead); second wife, Laura Bell Garner. 

S. C. ELIZABETH SNAVELY^ was first M. to Samuel Gililand. Children : 
Mary Gililand (dead), Walter Gililand, Sarah Gililand. Mrs. Elizabeth Gililand, 
the widow, was M. the second time to Henry S. Eberly. Four children : Elmer 
Eberly, Charles Eberly, John Eberly and Pearl Eberly. 


S. C, MARTHA JANE SNAVELY. M. to David S. Howell. Three children: 
Herschell V. Howell, Elliot Howell and Charles Howell. The two first named 
are dead. 

S. C, ANNA MARY SNAVELY. M. first to Simon B. Alloway. He died, 
leaving one child, which also died. The widow was M. the second time to Joseph 
Hepford. They have five children (living) : Upton Hepford, Erastus E. Hepford : 
Mertis Hepford, Clarence Hepford, Blanche Hepford. 

S. C, HENRY H. SNAVELY. M. to Miss Addie Pratt. They have three 
children living and one (Fred. Pratt Snavely) dead. 

S. ('., SARAH FRANCES SNAVELY. M. to John Peters. They had four 
children: Ross Peters, Addie Peters, Jessie Peters and Kate Peters. 

Michael F. Snavely has a war record, having been three years in the army. 
His brother, Ross Snavely, was also in the army. He contracted disease, came 
home on frrlough and died at home. The brother-in-law, Simon Alloway, also 
died. The relatives of the Eberly descendants were well represented in the army. 
Some were very patriotic. All the years spent by them in the service for liberty 
aggregate 130. Michael F. Snavely lives at North Liberty, Johnson County, Iowa. 


F. C, MARY SNAVELY. B. 1821, D. Jan. 0, 18S0, aged 5!) Y., 5 M., 8 D. 
She was M. to William Smith in 1849. He was B. 1815, D. Feb. 7, 1885, aged 66 Y,, 
8 M., 26 D. They were good farmers and had one son, John Smith. The parents 
died in Mechanicsburg and were members of the Mennonite faith. They are buried 
in the Slate Hill Cemetery. 

S. C, JOHN SMITH. B. Oct. 7, 1845, M. to Mary Ellen Deitz Jan. 10, 1876. 
They are good Christians, living in the 1 ive of God. They live in Mechanicsburg. 

F. C, HENRY SNAVELY. B. 1812, D. April 7, 1885. aged 73 Y., 2 M., 28 D. 
He was M. to Elizabeth Best. She was B. 1816, D. Feb. 10, 1893, aged 77 Y., 9 M., 
25 D. They were good Christians in the church of Jesus Christ. They had great 
trouble through siclvuess and death. Their home was in Mechanicsburg. 

S. C, MARY SXAVELY. B. Sept. 15, 1835. D. July 3, 1850, aged 14 Y., 9 
M., 19 D. 

S. C, JOHX SNAVELY. B. April 11, 1837, D. July 30, 18.30, aged 13 Y., 3 
M., 19 D. 

S. C, ELIZABETH SXAVELY. B. Sept., 1840. 

S. C, JOSEPH B. SXAVELY. 'B. 1844, D. Sept. 18, 1862, aged 18 Y., 9 M., 
19 D. He was in Co. H., 130th Pa. Vols., and was killed in the army. 

S. C, EMMA C, SXAVELY. M. to A. D Cauffman Nov. 26, 1868. He was 
B. Aug. 5, 1846; D. Nov. 12, 1891, aged 45 Y. They had three children : all dead. 
He served in Co. I., 195th Pi. Vols. 

S. C, HARRY H. SNAVELY. Jr. M. to Nora J. Lutes. Children* May 
Suavely, Emma J. Suavely and Jonathan Suavely. He was in the drue business 
at Kerville. Reading, and now in Mechanicsburg. He served in the army ip Co. 
D., 20th Pa. Cav. In this Company Cousin Levi E. Martin was a volunteer. 

F. C, SARAH SNAVELY. B. 1818, M. to Solomon Mohler. He D. in 1876, 
aged 61 Y. The Widow Mohler was M. again to Mr. Miller. He D. in 1891. She 
was a good Christian mother, and a member of the German Baptist or Brethren 
Church. She lives in Mechanicsburg. 

S. C, SARAH MOHLER. (Dead). 

S. C, HARRY MOHLER, Esq. M. to Lydia Myers. Children : Grant Mohler, 
Minnie A. Mohler, M. to A. S. Koler. One son, Clifford D. Koler. Sarah V. Moh- 
ler, M. to Geary Brenner ; Alexander B. Mohler, Frank Mohler, Solomon C. Mohler, 
D. Oct. 3C, 1893, in Philadelphia Hospital, through a surgical operation. 

It has been said, and well said, that the ballot box — that sacred palladium of 
American liberties— is no respecter of persons; that its infallible and discrimi- 
nating decisions, in those portions of our country where intelligence is transcendent 
and the high trust of citizenship appreciated and jealously guarded, are the uner- 
ring results obtained from the subtle influences that always protect a government 
"of the people, by the people and for the people." Those unseen, though active, 
influences play upon the responsive chord of patriotism in every true American 
heart, eliminate partisanship, elevate public interest above consideration, and 
show^ in the clearest manner the high purposes of the franchise and its powers 
when used with conscientious scruples to bring out the full benefits to be derived 
from a free government. 

It has always been the policy of our people when good and tried citizens, espe- 
cially those who went forth fearlessly to do battle when war's alarms sounded 
throughout the country, have been placed upon the ballot to elect them to office. 
In accordance with this admirable trait, when our fellow citizen, Captain Harry 


S. !Mohler. permitted his name to be used for the office of Justice of the Peace for 
^lechanicsburg, in February of the present year, he received the support right 
royally of our people, and was elected to the responsible position which he so ably 
and honorably fills. 

Independent of a proud record made in the din of battle, while the nation 
struggled to crush rebellion, and an honorable career as a private citizen and civil 
officer of the Government, Captain Mohler has established a high reputation among 
us as a busines man of broad and liberal principles and correct methods. Let us 
tell you something, in the tersest possible manner, of his successful life : Born in 
1S37, three miles from Mechanicsburg, of German parentage. On Oct. 15, 1862, 
he enlisted in Battery ("., 3d Pa. heavy artillery, stationed at Fort Monroe, Va. 
Was detailed in the Adjutant General's office until March 21. 1804, and then being 
ordered before a board of general officers for 
examination, was promoted to Second Lieu- 
tenant, and went to the front, assigned to 
3d Brigade, 3d Division, 18th Army Corps, 
which landed at City Point and fortified. 
He took part in most of the engagements 
around Petersburg during 1864. He was at 
the "Mine." where nearly one-half the 
troops engaged were either killed or cap- 
tured. On Aug. 9th he was sent with a 
detachment of his regiment to dig the canal 
at Dutch Gap, where he remained until his 
men, almost annihilated, were relieved by 
othei; troops. In the latter part of Septem- 
ber, 1861, his division being ordered to join 
the 10th Army Corps, the enemy was met 
at New Market and Fort Gilmore, and on 
the following day he assisted in taking Fort A| 
Harrison. On Dec. 5, 1804, his brigade, 
under General B. F. Butler and Admiral 
Porter, proceeded south and attacked Fort 
Fisher, N. C. Owing to a misunderstanding 
among those in command, the transport 
fieet went to Bermuda in the latter part of 
the month, but returning on Jan. 6, 186.5, with 4,000 additional troops under Gpn- 
eral Terry, Fort Fisher was stormed and taken. 

After participating in the movement on Wilmington, he was wounded in the 
left knee while protecting the left flank on the skirmish line in the advance on 
Fort Sugar Loaf, that incapacitated him from further service as a soldier. On 
the first opportunity he, with other officers, was sent to the Naval Hospital at 
Annapolis, Md.. where he remained under treatment until after the close of the 
war. Being offered a position in 1866 in the United States Internal Revenue Ser- 
vice, he accepted it and held the same until 1869. During this period he was also 
President of the Board of Registration under the Reconstruction Act of Congress, 
of the county in which he resided. Returning to Cumberland County in 1870, he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1S88. While pursuing this peaceful avoca- 
tion he was elected Secretary of the Patrons' Mutual Fire Insurance Company of 
Southern Pennsylvania, and still holds the position. While residing in Virginia 
be joined the Masonic Fraternity, and is a P. M. of Eureka Lodge, No. 302, F. and 
A. M., jurisdiction Pennsylvania, and a member of S. C. Perkins Chapter, 209, R. 

Capt. H. S. Mohler. 


A. M., St. John's Commandery, S, ^I. K. T., and'Harrisburg Consistory, A. and A. 
3. R. He was also one of the pioneer members of the Patrons of Husbandr3', 
Grange No. Ki, this State, and is a charter member of Irene Lodge, 425, K. of P., 
and Col. H. I. Zinn Post, 415, G. A. R 

He is a surveyor of well-known ability, and has a large patronage in this line, 
adjusts contested lines, etc. On opposite page will be found a life-like portrait 
of Captain Mohler. 

S. C , ELIZABETH MOHLER. B. Oct. 8, 1838, M. Nov. 23, 185G, to George 
Rupp. He was B. March 20, 1835. She was a granddaughter of Elizabeth (Eberly) 
Snavely, the daughter of Solomon and Sarah (Snavely) Mohler, and granddaughter 
of Daniel Mohler, of Allen Township, Cumberland County, Mr. Rupp resides one 
mile south of Shiremanstown, at Cedar Spring Run. He is a practical farmer and 
trucker. He has published in several newspapers results of his e.xoeriments. 
They have five children : Mary Ellen Rupp, B. Nov. 29, 1857, M. to Edward H. 
Zug* Oct. 15, 1875. He was B. Feb. 17, 1854, and farms in Lancaster County. He 
is a son of Rev. Samuel R. and Fannie (Shelly) Zug. Rev. Zug is a minister of the 
Gospel among the German brethren. Solomon S. Rupp, B. Dec. 10, 1800, M. to 
Miss Deitz. Children : One daughter, Ellen Rupp. Ida Jane Rupp, B. June 4, 
1862, D. May 8, 1866, aged 4 Y. Austin G. Rupp, B. Feb. 28, 1865, M. to Florence 
Swartz ; two children. Elizabeth Rupp, B. July 18, 1870, M. to Joseph Rupp. 

S. C, MARY E. MOHLER. M. to Reuben Miller, and was divorced in 1888. 
Three children living and three dead. Robert S. Miller, Eflie Miller, who was M. 
to Judge Harper and lives in Chicago, and Ralph Miller. 

S. C, ANNETA MOHLER. M. to Hiram Enck. Children : Wells Enck, 
Edith Enck, Emma Enck. 

P. C, ANNA SNAVELY. B. Dec. IS, 1815, M. to George Glime in 1836. He 
wasB. March 15, 1807, D. Sept. 19, 1855, aged 48 Y. He was a good farmer and lived 
on the old Snavely place, near Sporting Hill, along the turnpike, now in possession 
of Simon Eberly. 

S. C, JOHN HENRY GLIME. B. Dec. 18, 1838, D. Jan. 14, 1862, aged 24 Y. 
He died to save the union of the states. Many good men lost their lives by this 
wicked rebellion. 

S. C, AARON GLIME. B. Oct. 13, 1842, M. in the West and had three chil- 
dren. He is settled in one of the western states. 

S. C, ANNA ELIZABETH GLIME. B'. March 4, 1840, M. to Wilson Bear. 
They had three sons and two daughters : Minnie Bear, Martha Jane Bear, George 
Morris Bear, Howard Walter Bear and James Bear. All live in Philadelphia. 

S. C, MARTHA JANE GLIME. M. to Zaccheus Bowman. She D. in 1885. 
Children: Nellie Mable Bowman, M. to John Cooper: Clarence Bowman, David 
Bowman, John Bowman. 

S. C, SILAS GLIME. B. Feb. 17, 1848, M. to Agnes Martin. Mr. Glime is 
employed as baggage-master at the Reading Railroad. He is a good business man, 
a builder by trade, and lives on Third Street and Clinton Avenue, Harrisburg, Pa. 

*NoTE.— The Zugs are of Swiss descent. Peter and Ulrich Zug left Switzerland some time in the 
Summer of 1727. They and 200 other passengers took passage in the ship James Goodwill, Captain 
David Crocket, Commander, and arrived at Philadelphia Sept., 1727. Ulrict Zug died about the ^-ear 
17.58. He had several sons : Jolin Zug, B. 17:31, D. 1821, aged 90 years, and Joseph Zug, D. 1821. Ulrich 
Zug settled in Lancaster County. Kev. Samuel R. Zug was B. Feb. 29, 1832. He is the son of Benja- 
min and Elizabeth (Rule) Zug. Benjamin was B. July 11, 1802. Rev. Zug's sons are : Edward H. Zug 
and Samuel S. Zug, B. Nov. 15, 18.56; Nathan Shelly Zug, B. Jan. 8, 1860, and John C. Zug, B. April 
26, 1866. The ancestors of the Shelly's, with six brothers, emigrated from Holland in 1720. 


His mother, Cousin Anna, is a frood, kind, Cliristian mother. She has her home 
with Silas, and is contented and patient through hll her trouble. Soon we all 
shall meet on the other shore. 

F. C, MARTHA SNAVELY. B. Nov. 7, 1S23. D. Feb. 2. 1-844. aged 20 Y., 2 
M.. 25 D. She was M. to John Shelly Sept. 22, 1842, by Rev. W. T. Sprole, of Car- 
lisle. He was B. Feb. IS, 1823, D. Feb. 1, 1844, aged 20 Y., 11 M., 17 D. They 
both died at one time, and were buried the same day in one grave. They died of 
typhoid fever. In the midst of life we are in death. 

S. C., CHRISTIANA P^LIZABETH SHELLY. B. Sept. 14, 1843, M. to Philip 
Landis April 14, ISGO, by Rev. James Colder, of Harrisburg. They have six chil- 
dren (one died young): Florence Shelly Landis, B. Nov. 2.3, 1861; John Milton 
Landis, B. Feb. 24, 1803 ; Austin Grant Landis, B Sept. 14, 1865, D. Nov. 18, 1886, 
aged 21 Y., 2 M., 4 D ; Charles Warner Landis, B. Oct. 21, 1807, M. to Eva May 
Patterson, of Stockton, Kansas, July 12, 1892. He is in the printing business. 
W. Landis & Tilton are editors of the Osborne County Farmer. Daniel Mervin Lan- 
dis, K. April 27, 1871, D. Aug. 18, 1871, aged 3 M., 10 D.; Martha Elizabeth Landis, 
B. May 25, 1879. They were all born in Cumberland County, Pa. Now living in 
Osborne, Kansas. 

VI, UNCLE SAMUEL EBERLY. B. in Lancaster County, Pa., April 30, 1790, 
D. at his residence, inShiremanstown, Cumberland County, Pa., Nov. 14, 1862, aged 
;2 Y., 6 M.. 14 D. His father moved to Cumberland County in 1791, when he was 
but one y€ar old. He remained on the farm with his parents until he grew up to 
manhood, an industrious and obedient son. In 1810 he was M. to Catharine Erb, 
born two miles southeast of Manheim, Lancaster County, Pa., June 24, 1791. In 
the Spring of 1817 they moved on the farm, at Friedens Kirche, half a mile 
north of Shiremanstown. This farm, hi? father, John Eberle, had bought of the 
executors of George Suavely, deceased, deeded April 3, 1806, containing 180 acres 
and 100 perches, for three thousand pounds. After farming on the shares for six 
year.e, he bought the farm from his father at $60 per acre. Death intervened 
before the deed was executed, and hence a deed was given by his administrators, 
John, David and Joseph Eberly, dated March 29, 1824. In 1827 he built a large 
brick barn on this farm. April 11, 1838, he bought of Christina Renner six acres 
and twenty-six perches of land* adjoining, at $1,100, and in 1843 built a large 
brick house.* 

From boyhood he manifested the ability to accumulate money. What he 
earned he saved, and possessed when he arrived at manhood. Besides, he was a 
man of excellent judgment, cool-headed and deliberate in all of his calculations. 
In 1837 he bought a farm on the Conodoguinnet of Daniel Sherban, the old "Jonas 
Rupp farm" of 188 acres, now divided and owned by the Erb brothers, Joseph 
and Benjamin. In 1844 he purchased the mill property of John Heck, on the 

*NoTB.— The farm (iritiinally was in two tracts, the Manor line road dividing, and in the deed of 
John Eberle is marked tract A. and tract B., hence the third purchase in 1838 increased the size. The 
last additional purchase was made by Daniel Eberly. The deed was granted and f xecuted by Cath- 
arine Eyster, Joseph Vale and wife to Daniel Eberly March 2,5, 1873 for 14 acres and 130 perches. 
Consideration, if2,44-1.00, bounding tiie cemetery on two sides. Hence the farm now contains 202 acres 
ami 30 perches. 

* Note.— The old house was of logs, roush cast and white. It was sold to David Rupp, who rebuilt 
it HI Shiremanstown in 1^41, afterwards owned by Dr. Young, Samuel Shapp and at the present time, 
1894, occupied by Rev. Risliel. The next house above stood on the farm of his brother, David Eberly, 
a mile east of Mechanicsburg, now owned by J. Neidi^. So without design, the two brotliers' houses 
were rebuilt on adjacent lots. 


Cedar Spring:. In 1852 he bought the main part of the old AVhitehill farm, lUO 
acres, of Michael Free. This farm is now cut up into smaller tracts and part laid 
olT into town lots. Besides, he owned timberlancs in adjacent couniies and town 
property. At the time of his decease he left a large estate to his children. 

In morals he was a pure and clean man. His words were chaste, his conduct 
upright. He despised vulgarity. Strictly honest, but he looked for his own. 
Towards men who worked for him he was uniformly kind, and they generally 
remained in his service for years. He was very systematic in his business. Every- 
thine was planned with precision, and carried out tocompletion. He made it a 
rule when he began any work to finish it, and not run from one unfinished job to 
another. Having all his affairs under control, he was enabled to retain a pleasant 
state of feeling, which manifested itself towards those around him. 

Politically he was a Whig, and in 1856 became a Republican. 

Religiously he was brought up in the 3Iennonite Church ; but about 1821 he 
became a member of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. He took an 
active interest in religious duties, and for years never missed a Wednesday evening 
prayer-meeting, nor any service at church. He obtained the consent of his father 
to hold a camp-meeting on the farm in 1822 (his father still being the owner), in 
a woods on what is now known as the lower field. There was also a camp-meeting 
there in 1823. The need of a house ot' worship was great, and hence a church 
building was erected in 1827, in which he took an active part. This was known 
as Shopp's Church, about half a mile below Shiremanstown. It was a stone build- 
ing, and in 1854 was torn down and rebuilt in Shiremanstown, the stone being used 
for the first story. The Bible was to him a constant companion, and its precepts 
and teachings a delight to his mind. Many passages lie recited with perft ct ease. 
He also possessed works on theology in the German language whicli he studied. 
By nature he was a fluent speaker, clear-minded, and had a strong and musical 
voice. He was an elegant singer. At the urgent request of his brethren in the 
church, license was granted to him to preach the Gospel by the Pennsylvania 
Annual Conference, held at Henry Herr's, in * Dauphin Coun^-y, AprJ 17, 1832, 
signed by Henry Kumler, Sr., Bishop. He was ordained to the office of Elder at 
a conference held at Shopp's Church, in Cumberland County, March 12, 1835, his 
credentials being signed by William Brown, Bishop. He never took regular charge 
of any circuit, but for a number of years preached at points in York County ; also 
in Perry County, and very frequently at the church at home : but nearly always 
in the German language. He carried into his religious life the same energy and 
zeal that he did in the ordinary transactions of this life. Whatever he did, dis- 
closed the fact that he meant business. 

In stature he was 5 feet lOi inches high, well formed, compact and solid, weigh- 
ing generally about 200 pounds, without surplus flesh, possessing wonderful physical 
strength and great activity. His closing years were calm and resigned. Two 
years before his demise he lost the companion of his youth and manhood years. 
He felt this blow severely, and always after seemed somewhat lonesome. But the 
pleasant smile of his face, the placid, peaceful expression of his countenance, he 
retained to the end. His mental powers, wonderful memory and good judgment 
continued unimpaired ; his faith in God and saving peace remained his heritage 
to the latest moment. On the afternoon of Nov. 14, 1802, he calmly fell asleep; 
His last words to a daughter standing by his side were : "All is well." 

Catharine Erb, whom he married in 1816, was a daughter of Christian Erb, 
who had moved from Lancaster County to Cumberland County in 1810. He bought 

*X0TE. — The A-sylum is now located on this farm. 


a large farm on the banks of the Susquehanna River, opposite Harrisburg, and 
midway between West Fairview and Wormleysbnrg. The Erb family came to 
this country at an early date. September 1, 1730, Palatines imported in the ship 
Ilarle, of London, Ralph Harle, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes, 156 
men, (i.") women, 1()7 boys and girls; in all, 388. Among these passengers came 
Christian Erb, with his family. His oldest son was then three years of age, and 
named after his father, Christian, and hence was born in 1733. They settled in 
Lancaster County. The second Christian Erb, when he had a family, also named 
the eldest son Christian, B. in 1758, and he married Elizabeth Hersbey, B. in 1765. 
Thus it was Christian Erb the third who settled in Cumberland County. He had 
a family of thirteen children, but one died in infancy. His oldest son was named 
Abraham Erb, a clock-maker, who built the first clock placed on the court-house 
in Carlisle. He died at Wormleysburg. His son, Abraham Erb, now (1894) lives 
in Harrisburg, at the age of over SO years, still repairing clocks of difficult struc- 
ture, and moving about with an activity truly remarkable. He, like his father, 
possesses great mathematical and mechanical ability. The other sons, well 
known along the "river" years ago, were Christian, Daniel and Benjamin. But 
the one most extensively known was Jacob Erb, elected a Bishop in the United 
Brethren Church in 1837, and who, after an active and very useful life, died at 
Shiremanstown April 2!), 1883, aged 78 Y., 11 M., 4 D. He was M. to Elizabeth 
Shirk (or Sheirick), of Lancaster County. She was B. April 3, 1801, D. Feb. 18, 
1894, aged 93 Y., 10 M., 15 D., leaving two daughters, Susan and Mary. 

Catharine Erb, the wife of Samuel Eberly, was a woman of more than ordi- 
nary mental force and power. She was a woman of great energy, prudence and 
foresight. Healthy, cheerful, strong, and of a good disposition. A real companion 
for a man who was determined to get on in the world. Married life to such a 
couple was a joy and a reality. They worked in harmony, and success crowned 
their labors. When beginning to feel the weight of years, she, with her husband, 
decided to quit the farm, and enter upon a course of life insuring to them more 
ease and quiet. Hence a house was built in Shiremanstown, into which they 
moved in the Autumn of 1850. Here they enjoyed more convenient church privi- 
leges, which they highly appreciated. 

In the Summer of 1800 her once vigorous and strong physical system gave way 
rapidly. She felt that her powers were failing, and so expressed herself ; but her 
vivacity and cheerfulness gave to her friends the idea that she was able to weather 
out many years, ut such was not the case. Though during the last day of her 
life she moved about and conversed with the family and looked for a son who 
lived away to return, and who came home at about 10 o'clock in the evening and 
conversed with her, apparently giving hopes of her convalescing, she retired and 
at about 2 o'clock in the morning of Oct. 9, 1800, she died of heart trouble, aged 
69 Y., 3 M., 15 D. She is buried in the cemetery of Shopp's Church, below Shire- 
manstown, where her husband afterwards was also interred. They had nine chil- 
dren, three sons and six daughters. The names of the children are as follows : 

1. CHRISTIAN EBERLY. B. Feb. 3, 1817, on the old mansion farm of his 
grandfather, John Eberle, on the turnpike, above Sporting Hill, and D. Sept. 21, 
1889, aged 72 Y., 7 M., 18 D. Relived with his parents, working on the farm until 
manhood. After marriage he moved In 1844 to the mill which his father had 
bought of Mr. Heck, then considered one of the best mills in the lower end of the 
county. He gave close attention to business and made money rapidly. He proved 
a skillful dealer in grain, and for years was regarded as one of the shrewdest busi- 
ness men in that part of the valley. He moved on the Whitehall farm in the 
Spring of 1853 and lived there some years, and at the same time carried on mill- 


ing. He afterwards bought the old "Heck farm " of William Heck, and moved 
there about 1859, thus bringing the farming and milling into close proximitj'. 
He became the owner of over two thousand acres of valuable timber land in Perry 
County, and owned large tracts of land in Illinois. His energy led him to engage 
in lumbering in New Cumberland, and in extensive brick-making in Harrisburg 
early in the 'Gj's. Here he had partners. The prosperity of other years, when he 
managed his own affairs, seemed to desert him. He retired from active business, 
built a large house on the farm above Shiremanstown, into which he moved Dec. 
22, 1870, and where he spent the balance of his days in quietude, overseeing the 
work of the farm. He was a man of mental force, and when he concluded to per- 
form anything, was efficient and determined. At the time of his death he was a 
member of the United Brethren Church at Shiremanstown. 

Mary Baddorf. his wife, was B. June 7, 1824. She was a daughter of Henry 
Baddorf, B, March 9, 1801, in Berks County, and Elizabeth Rupp, B. April 9, 1798, 
daughter of Johannes Rupp, B. April 4, 1767. She proved a kind and devoted 
companion through many years. They had a family of nine children, four sons 
and five daughters. These all grew up to maturity except one. 

1. Catharine Eberly, B. Aug. 27, 184.3, on the farm above Shiremanstown. 
Resides with her mother. 

2. Elizabeth Eberly, B. Aug. 1, 1845, at Eberly's Mills. Educated at the pub- 
lic schools and Otterbein Universitv, Ohio. She is a woman of pleasing address 
and refined ways. M. April 27, 1869, to Dr. Jacob Stickel. Her husband was B. 
Sept. 5, 184i, near Lewisberry, York County, Pa., a son of Peter and Elizabeth 
(Gentzler) Stickel. Moved to White Pigeon, Michigan, in 1847, returned to York 
in Nov., 1862, and became a student of the York County Academy. He read medi- 
cine with Dr. G. R. Hursh, at New Cumberland, and attended lectures at the 
JelTerson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1865 and 1866. He graduated in the 
medical department of the Universit}- of Michigan, March 27, 1867, moved to New 
Cumberland in 1868 and next year was married. In April, 1870, they moved to 
Carlisle, Pa,, where he continued in the practice of his profession. On the 13th 
day of February, 1872, he moved to Williamsport, Pa,, and entered upon the duties 
of his chosen calling, and now, after more than twency years, he has built up a 
large and lucrative practice. He is a man of fine personal appearance, of sterling 
■worth, a perfect gentleman, and an eminent physician and surgeon. He ranks 
high among the doctors in the city of Williamsport. Had one child, a son, B. 
Sept. 24, 1874, died young. 

3. Susan Eberly, B. Nov. 9, 1846, at Eberly's Mills. She was educated at pub- 
lic school — Gorgas School-house — and attended one term in 1865 at Lutherville 
Female Seminary, Md. In the Autumn of the year she went to Otterbein Univer- 
sity, Ohio. Next Fall entered Cottage Hill College, York, Pa. Here she graduated 
in the classical department in 1869. She is a good scholar, skilled in music, paints 
well, and. has some fine pictures in oil. She is an accomplished lad,y, a good 
house-keeper, and an active and useful member of the church. She spent 1893-4 
in Chicago, to do up the "Big Fair," residing with her aunt, Elizabeth Gross, but 
has returned home and now is residing with her mother, above Shiremanstown. 

4. Sarah Eberly, B. March 10, 1848. at Eberly's Mills. After receiving good 
preparatory training in the public schools, under Supt. Samuel Heighes and Prof. 
George Heighes and other good teachers, she entered Cottage Hill College, York, 
Pa. She graduated in the Class of 1869 with her sister, is a good scholar, a fine 
musician, and ranks high in the department of art. She is highly esteemed for 
her many good qualities, for her usefulness in the community, and for her efficiencj' 


in the Sabbath-school work and other interests in the church of the United Breth 
ren at Shiremanstown. 

5. Henry Battorf Eberly, B. July 14, 1850, at Eberly's Mills. With his sisters 
he attended school at Gorgas School-house, on the banks of the Cedar Spring. 
Here already he disclosed his powers as a mathematician ; and his chirography 
was a marvel of perfection. From his Grandfather Battorf, whom he resembles, 
he inherited his mechanical powers. He attended Cottage Hill College, York, Pa., 
in 180.") and ISd*), and afterwards went to a Business College to prepare for an 
accountant, in which he now ranks as an expert. Since July, 1882, he has been 
connected with the Standard Oil Company, and resides at Williamsport, Pa. He 
is a prominent member and official of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
is well informed in its laws, its ritual and secret work. He is a man of integrity 
and great moral worth, highly esteemed by all who know him. 

G. Samuel G. Eberly, B. July 14, 1852, at Eberly's Mills. He, too, was a stu- 
dent at the Gorgas School. He spent several years at Otterbein University, Ohio, 
where he distinguished himself as a faithful and obedient student. He employed 
his time well. Afterwards to prepare himself especially for business, he went to 
the Poughkeepsie Commercial College, in the State of New York. He entered 
the employ of the late renowned Peter Herdic, of Williamsport, Pa., and with him 
went to Washington, D. C, to place his herdics or phaetons upon the streets of 
that city. At the present time — 1894 — he is still there, and is the Treasurer and 
Superintendent of the Herdic Phaeton Company, incorporated 1880, corner Tenth 
and C. Streets, S. E., Washington, D. 0. He is well known in the Capital of the 
countrj% and has the reputation of being a careful, honest and very efficient officer. 
He is a first-class man, gentlemanly, sober polite and trustworthy. He married, 
at Williamsport,Winifred Elizabeth Bond, B. Sept. 13, 1856. She is a very amia- 
ble and pleasant lady, well educated, being a good French scholar, and a fine 
musician. Children : Two daughters and two sons. Maude Eberly, B. Aug. 21, 
1875 ; William Christian Eberly, B. Feb. 16, 1877 ; Ethel Gertrude Eberly, B. Dec. 
14, 1879. and Raymond G. Eberly, B. April 5, 1884. 

7. William Eberly, B. Jan. 29, 18.54, at "Whitehill Farm," and D. Oct. 17, 
1860^ at "Heck Farm," Eberly's Mills. 

8. Daniel Christian Eberly, B. Dec. 21, 1857, in the brick house, at Eberly's 
Mills. He attended the public schools and afterwards the Cumberland Valley 
Institute at Mechanicsburg. By profession he was a farmer, and with devotion 
to his work he moved forward with great regularity, exceedingly particular in all 
that he did. He died at his home with his parents, above Shiremanstown, Nov. 
23, 1888, aged 30 Y., 11 M., 2 D. 

9. Laura Eberly, B. Dec. 14, 1859, at Eberly's Mills. After receiving the 
advantages of common schools, she attended Irving Female College at Mechanics- 
burg. She is much devoted to domestic duties and finds great pleasure in the 
work of the house. She M. Sept. 28, 1893, Frank M. Koser, B. Au?. 16, 1863. 

II SAMUEL EBERLY. B. Nov. 22, 1818, on the farm at Friedens Kirche, 
where he grew to manhood engaged in tilling the soil. He D. Nov. 5, 1862, aged 
43 Y., 11 M., 13 D. His residence then was at Whitehill, his property adjoining 
the grounds of the old Whitehill Academy, later a Soldiers' Orphan School. He 
was raised a farmer, and lived on the old homestead with his parents until they 
quit farming. 

He M., in 1849, Leah Albright, B. Dec. 14, 1825, and on the 1st of April, 1850, 
assumed the full duties of farming the plantation on which he had been born. 
His parents, during the year, moved to Shiremanstown. He remained here until 

Samuel E, Gross, Chicago, 111, 


the Spring of ISoo, when he engaged in milling with his brother, Christian, for a 
year, but did not like the business. He \ hen, with his famil}', moved to Whitehall, 
Cumberland County, where he closed his mortal career. He was a good farmer 
and teamster. He delighted in wagoning, and made trips with the team to Pitts- 
burg before the railroads were built across the AUeghen.y Mountains. He possessed 
fine mathematical and mechanical powers. By nature he was a genius in wood 
and iron. He was kind-hearted and obliging, but never a member of the church. 
Had a great reverence for Christianity and held religious people in high esteem, 
and in his last hours expressed faith and hope in Christ. He wAs buried in the 
Shopp Cemetery, below Shiremanstown. Had one daughter : |_'|_4<'3-<^. ^^^^ 

1. Elizabeth R. Eberly, B. Aug. 2, 1855, educated in the public~schools at 
Camp Hill and at Cottage Hill College, York, Pa., where she spent some years 
and became quite a good scholar, and is an accomplished and refined lady. As a 
dutiful daughter she lived with her mother, and was M. to W. Jay Meily, B. March 
11, 1852, who is a most excellent man. He is proprietor of the Silver Spring Tan- 
nery, P. O , Mechanicsburg, Pa. Have the following children : Robert Meily, B. 
April 15, 1886, D. April 17, ISSO ; Thomas Ruby Meily, B. April 18, 1887; Joseph 
Meily, B. Dec. 24, 1888, and W. Jay Meily, Jr., B. May 14. 1891. 

HI. ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. July 29, 1821, on the homestead, near Shire- 
manstown, Pa., M. Jan. 20, 1843, to John C. Gross, B. Nov. 9, 1819, in Dauphin 
County. The first historical account of the Gross family in America dates back 
to 1726. The records show that Joseph Gross, who was the grandfather of John 
C. Gross, served with distinction in the Revolutionary Army, his Captain's com- 
mission bearing date, Xov. 25, 1776. After the war of the Revolution, Captain 
Gross moved to Dauphin County, Pa., where he became a large holder of farm 
and milling property and iron forges. Captain Gross married a Miss Sahler, whose 
father was of Holland ancestry and her mother of Huguenot descent, coming 
from the " Du Bois," who, as early as 1659, was a rich and powerful factor in the 
community about Kingston, New York. In the Pall of 1816 John C. Gross, with 
his family, moved to Illinois and settled in Bureau County. About ten years after 
they returned to Cumberland County, Pa., and bought a farm in Lower Allen 
Township, where he remained several years, and again went back to Illinois, 
settling at Moutt Carroll. Later, all moved to Chicago, where they now reside. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Gross is a woman of great energy, intelligent, and devoted to 
her children. She has moved about in life very considerably and has a large ac- 
quaintance of friends. Have a family of seven children : 

1. Samuel Eberly Gross, B. Nov. 11, 1843, on the old mansion farm, in Dauphin 
County, Pa., on the banks of the Susquehanna. He received his early education 
in the district schools ; these studies being supplemented by a course in the Mount 
Carroll Seminary. The following sketch is taken from Contemporary American 
Biography, p. 247. "On the breaking out of the Civil War, young Gross, only 17 
years of age, but filled with a burning desire for a soldier's life in the defence of 
his country, enlisted in the 41st Illinois Infantry, and went with the regiment on its 
Missouri campaign. His parents made such strenuous objections on account of 
his youth that he was mustered out of service and sent home. The following year 
found him prosecuting his studies in Whitehall Academy, Cumberland County, 
Pa., where he remained until June, 1863. At that time the Confederate forces 
invaded the State. This was too much for his young blood, and so energetically 
did he act in his determination to do his share in defending his native State, that 
on the 29th of June he was commissioned First Lieutenant of Co. D., 20th Pa. 
Cav., the youngest officer of that rank in the army. Active service followed. 


General Lee's army was pursued from Gettysburg to Virginia, and many spirited 
eontests had, while following the retreating army. Feb. 17, 1SG4, witnessed Lieu- 
tenant Gross' promotion for meritorious services in the field to the Captaincy of 
Go. K., in the same regiment, and during 1804 and 18(1.3 he campaigned principally 
in Virginia. He was in the battles of Piedmont, Lynchburg, Ashby's Gap, Win- 
chester and many other engagements, being finally mustered out of the service at 
Cloud's Hills, Va., July 13, 18G5. The city of Chicago was at that time enjoying 
a special reputation for energetic advancement in both area and wealth, and Mr. 
Gross, in looking about for a field of labor, decided on making the Prairie City his 
home. With youth and ambition and his previous successes he, after careful 
deliberation as to the merits of other cities, determined that Chicago was the place 
for his work, and in Sept., 18()5, he became a resident of the city. Mr. Gross' first 
work was to enter Union Law^ College, and with such energy did he prosecute his 
law studies that he was admitted to the bar in 1866. He had, meanwhile, invested 
certain moneys in the purchase of a few lots. He built upon them in 1807, and 
while active in the practice of his profession, laid the foundation for a large busi- 
ness. His investment produced such favorable results that he became interested 
in real estate operations as a business. In the Winter of 1808-09 he engaged prom- 
inently in the establishment of the park and boulevard system for the beautifying 
of the city, and energetically aided in pushing it to its completion, thus securing 
to the city one of its most attractive features. When the great conflagration of 
1871 devastated Chicago, Mr. Gross seized as many of his valuable papers, deeds, 
abstracts of titles, etc., as he could, put them into a row-boat, and, pulling out 
into the lake, stored them on a tug. When the conttagration had spent its fury 
and nothing was left in the vast area swept by the flames but smoking debris, he 
returned to the pile of ashes, brick and twisted iron where his ofUce had been and 
began business anew. During the dull business period, embracing 1873 to 1879, 
he devoted himself to literary pursuits and to the study of politics and scientific 
questions. He also patented several inventions relating to street-paving and maps, 
and designed some valuable mathematical instruments When trade began to 
revive in 1879 and 1880 Mr. Gross decided on realty as a specialty. He closed up 
all his interests that would in any way interfere with his real estate transactions, 
and devoted himself exclusively to the new work. Selecting the territory lying 
to the southwest of the city proper, he platted several villages. In 1882 he began 
on the northern boundary and laid out what eventuated iii the flourishing village 
of Gross Park. He secured a station from the Chicago it Northwestern Railway 
management, and has the satisfaction of witnessing, within the period of a single 
decade, a suburb with a population of 5,000 people on a section of land that had 
previously been devoted only to the raising of vegetables. In 1883 Mr. Gross began 
the work of building homes for people of moderate means, securing a small cash 
payment to bind the bargain, and agreeing to receive monthly payments there- 
after from the purchaser until the amount was fully paid, when a deed transferred 
the title to the new party. It was the inauguration of a new system in Chicago 
and won popular favor from the outset. During the first year of the experiment 
he built and sold 300 houses. During the succeeding two years he disposed of 
more than 3,000, and the business steadily increased. His system was to build up 
districts hitherto undeveloped and unimproved, and which would remain worth- 
less if dependent on individual building. In this way a number of villages were 
established With graceful habitations, which are now solidly-built-up portions of 
the city itself. In 1884 he founded the town of Brookdale, on the Illinois Central 
Railway. In 1887 he platted the villages of Calumet Heights and Dauphin Park, 
besides improving a forty-acre sub-division on Ashland Avenue. In 1880 his sub- 


urban venture was oie of the largest undertaken, the opening of "Under dea 
Linden," lying on the northwest of the city. During the same year he also im- 
proved a large district situated near Humboldt Park, and erected over 300 houses 
near Archer Avenue and Thirty-ninth Street. In SSO the magnetic town of Gross- 
dale, one of the most successful ventures, was located on the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railway, a mile west of Riverside, where a prairie farm of 500 acres 
was transformed into a town of beautiful residences, among which are many fine 
public buildings, including a theater, churches, etc. During the interval of ten 
years Mr. Gross' transactions have been enormous. He has sold over 30,000 lots, 
erected and sold over 7,000 houses, and located, platted and founded sixteen thriv- 
ing towns and villages. In securing these grand results Mr. Gross has confined 
his efforts entirely to his own methods. He purchases the land and becomes its 
owner, lays out streets and parks and makes ornamental and useful improvements, 
erects railway stations and public buildings, builds substantial and attractive 
houses, sells at a moderate price to people who will build, and when necessary, 
advance the money for the purpose. Notwithstanding the magnitude of his busi- 
ness, reaching to many millions of dollars, it is claimed that he has never fore- 
closed a mortgage. It is largely on his reputation for generous dealing that he 
has won the confidence of an enormous clientage and secured such an immense 
business. He is now the owner of more than 150 sub-divisions in various parts of 
the city, containing some 24,000 lots. His fortune is estimated at from $1,000,000 
to $5,000,000 His success is due primarily to his own natural qualities, and sec- 
ondarily to his reliance on the desire which exists in every true American heart 
to own a home. Although his reputation is that of a multi-millionaire, the United 
Workingmen's Societies showed their confidence in him by nominating him to the 
Mayoralty in 1889, an honor which, from press of private business, he was obliged 
to decline. Mr. Gross is a member of the Chicago, Union, Athletic, Iroquois, Mar- 
quette and Washington Park Clubs, and a patron of the Art Institute, the Humane 
and other benevolent societies. He is also a member of the Chicago Union Veteran 
Club, the Grand Army of the Republic (U. S. Grant Post, Xo. 28), the Western 
Society Army of the Potomac, and the Sons of the American Revolution. In 1886 
Mr. Gross made a four-months' tour of Europe, during which he inquired exten- 
sively into methods of building and city development. In 1889 he visited Mexico 
and the cities on the Pacific seaboard, and in the latter part of .the year made a 
second visit to Europe, devoting a large attention to the Paris Exposition, and 
again in 1892 he visited the principal cities of Europe and many in the Orient. So 
wide is his reputation as a successful handler of real estate that while in Mexico 
and also while in Ettrope he was solicted to undertake mammoth enterprises in 
the work of developing those countries, but his time being cUimed by Chicago, 
he was obliged to decline the flattering offers made him. Mr. Gross is a man of 
robust constitution and a happy disposition, positive in character, but liberal in 
the reception of the views of others. He has great executive and administrative 
ability, and is thoroughly practical in all his doings. Highly cultivated in mind 
and refined in his tastes, he is also genial in temper and companionable in asso- 
ciations. He was M. in January, 1874, to Miss Emily Brown, a descendant of an 
ancient English family. While he has been the architect of his own fortunes, he 
has, nevertheless, been apparently under the happy influence of a favoring star, 
for everything he has done has added not only to his wealth, but has largely bene- 
fited the community in which he moves. 

2. John Wesley Gross, B. April 21, 1845, in Cumberland County, Pa. M. to 
Malinda Johnson, Nov. 9, 1869. Have children: Anna M. Gross, B. Sept. 4, 1870, 
M. to Henry Lambrecth, Dec. 24, 1891. Have a son, Wesley C. Lambrecth, B. Jan 


21, 1893. Homer E. Gross, B. Nov. 28, 1873. Fred W. Gross, B. March 27, 1876. 

3. Austin E. Gross, B. Feb- 16, 1848, near Dover, Bureau County, 111., M. Jan. 
31, 1878, to Miss Ella Reamer. Children: Georore C. Gross, B. Dec. 21, 1878. Fred. 
R. Gross, B. Jan. 4. 1883. 

4. Isabella M. Gross, B. Jan. 5, 1850, in Bureau Countj', 111., M. to Simon Young, 
of New Cumberland, Pa., in 1872. He died in 1883. Have one daughter, Bessie 
Young, B. Sept. 5, 1875. M. again in 1892 to Mr. L. C. Meeker. They are now 
residing at East Cleveland, Ohio. 

5. Homer C. Gross, B. Feb. 4, 1853, in Bureau County, 111., M. May 21, 1S85, 
to Miss Annie A. Costello. 

0. Anna C. Gross, B. Oct. 25, 1857, in Cumberland County, Pa. M. Jan. 2, 
1881, to George Sessions. She died Fab 10, 1889. and is buried at Mt. Yernon, la. 
Children: Romain Sessions, B. Jan. 5, 1884. Samuel E. G. Sessions, B. July 30, 1885. 

7. George W. Gross, B. Oct. 29, 1860, in Cumberland County, Pa. M. Dec 
1881, to Carrie DeWitt. He D. Feb. 7, 1888, and is buried at Wyoming, Iowa. 

lY. CATHARINE EBERLY\ B. Sept. 5, 1823 on the farm near Shiremans- 
town, Pa. M. to Martin Best. B. July 31, 1821, on the homestead on the 
banks of the Cumberland side of the Yellow Breeches. Mr. Best belongs to an 
old and excellent family of the Cumberland Yalley. He moved with his wife on 
the farm where he was born, where his aged father, whose wife had died years 
before, lived with them to the close of his mortal career. He became the owner 
of this farm, and afterwards bought two other farms adjoining, and a farm in 
York County. He is a man of excellent financial ability, a good husband and a 
kind father. He and his wife are .ictive members of the United Brethren Church 
in Shiremanstown. Mrs. Best is a woman of great activity, an extra eood house- 
keeper, kind and affable. In the Autumn of 1866, while residing on the farm at 
Cedar Spring, a very severe attack of rheumatism, which centered in the left 
hand, moving upwards, and as it advanced, deadened that member so that imme- 
diate amputation above the elbow became necessary. Several j-ears ago Mr. and 
Mrs. Best retired from the active duties of farm life, and now live retired in 
Shiremanstown, Pa. Have children : 

1. Sarah Jane Best, B. May 25, 1845, on the old Best Farm. M. Oct. 10, 1867, 
to William H. Snavely. B. Jan. 6, 1845, one mile from Mechanicsburg. Have 
two children: John H. Snavely, B. Aug. 29, 1868. Susan C. Snavely, B. April 10, 
1870. M. to Mr. Fetrow. Have two children: Elizabeth May, B. May 21, 1891, 
and William F., B. Oct. IS, 1892. 

2. Joseph Houser Best, B. June 18, 184(5, on the old Best Farm. Educated 
in the public schools, and at Cottage Hill College, Y^'ork, Pa., and also at Lebanon 
Yalley College, Annville, Pa. M. October 9, 1873, to Clara J. Strong, born April 
12, 1860. Have three children : Edward Everett Best, B. Nov. 28, 1874. Frank 
Warren Best, B. Aug. 17, 1876. William Russel Best, B. April 6, 1879. Reside 
on a farm in Lower Allen Township, where Mr. Best finds ample scope for the 
employment of his talents in one of the noblest occupations to be found. He is a 
gentlemanly and enterprising citizen. 

3. Elizabeth C. Best, B. Dec. 15, 1847, on the old homestead farm. M. to 
Joseph Stoner. Reside at Hellam, Y'ork County, Pa. Have two children. 

4. Samuel Eberly Best, B. April 13, 1849, on the Best homestead. He died 
September 2, 1861, from an accident by the caving in of the banks at an iron-ore 
mine on his father's farm at the Cedar Spring. 

5. Austin Best, M. D., B. December 6, 1850. He was sent to the public schools, 
and then spent four years at Lebanon Yalley College — 1868-1872. He then read 


medicine to prepare to enter tlie .Tetl'erson Medical College at Philadelphia, Pa., 
where he graduated March 8, 1878. He practiced at the following places : New 
Cumberland, Pa., lS':8-79 ; Dover, 1880-81 ; Steelton, 1882-90 ; Harrisburg, 1890 to 
the present time, 1894. His residence is 723 Nineteenth Street, where he also 
has a drug store. He is a good physician and skillful surgeon. M. to Emma 
Thompson, Dec. 25, 1879. She was B. in New Cumberland, March C, 1850. 
Have one daughter : Edna May Best, B. August 27, 1887. 

6. Alice Best, B. May 5, 1852, on the old Best mansion farm, Cumberland 
County, Pa. M. November 21, 1870 to John H. Bowman, B. Jan. K, 1849, on a 
farm in Fairview Township, York Co., Pa., where they now reside. Have one 
son : John Bowman, B. Feb. 0, 1891. 

7. Newton Best, B. July 20, 1854. Worked on the farm. In Summer and in the 
Winter he attended public school. Was a student at Lebanon Valley College in 
1871 and 1872. Attended Western Union Telegraph College at Oberlin, Ohio, 
1873. Taught school in 1874 and 1S75. M. July 1875, to Lucy Berkheiser. B. at 
Friedensburg, Schuylkill County, Pa. B. Oct. 6, 1854, and D. Nov. 1, 1878 Had 
two children : Emma L. Best, B. March 30, 1870. William H. Best, B. Oct. 8, 
1878, D. Aug. 13, 1880. M. second time, Dec. 23, 187§, to Annie Worley, B. in 
Middletown, Adams County, Pa., July 25, 1803. Have three children : Martin S. 
Best, B. Nov. 20, 1880, D. Dec. 23, 1880. Charles N. Best, B. Oct. 10, 1882. Daisy 
A. Best, B. June 1, 1885. At Present, (1894) engaged in farming and fruit raising 
in Fairview Township, Y-^i-k County, Pa. P. O., New Cumberland, Pa. 

8. Martin Van Buren B<lst, B. May 8, 1857, M. in 1884 to Queen Annie Eichel- 
berger. Have one daughter : Margaret C, B 1885. 

9. Catharine E. Best, B. Aug. 18, 1859. She resides at this date (1894) with 
her parents in Shiremanstown. A lady of refinement, pleasant address and piety. 
She is a successful and useful worker in the Sabbath-school and church. 

10. Emma Best, B. June 9, 1863, on the farm at Cedar Spring, M. Sept. 27, 
1888, to J. Morris Miller, B. March 20, 1859, at Myerstown, Lebanon County, Pa. 
He is one of the firm of J. R. Miller it Sons, dealers in grain, flour, coal, etc., at 
Shiremanstown, Pa. 

11. Romaine Best, B. Sept. 20, 1805, D. June 9, 1883. Buried in the cemetery at 
Fried en's Kir die. 

12. Mary Best, B. April 23, 1808, D. April 29, 1808. Buried in the cemetery at 
Frieden's Kir cite. 

V. MARY ELLEN EBERLY. B. on the old homestead, April 10, 1827. She 
grew up to womanhood on the farm, and Oct. 7, 1848, was M. to Dr. Martin Gos- 
weiler, B. April 10, 1823. He was graduated from Jefl:'erson Medical College, Phil 
adelphia, in 1847. He was a good physician and commanded an extensive practice. 
He was located at Shiremanstown. From overwork he broke down in the prime 
of life, and D. Aug. 27, 1852, aged 29 Y., 4 M., 4 D. He is buried at Frieden's 
Kirche. In 1808, having all this time resided in Shiremanstown, Mrs. Gosweiler 
married a second time, and with her husband, John C. Coover, moved to his home 
at Coover's Mill, on the Y^ellow Breeches Creek, where she died Jan. 14, 1809, aged 
41 Y., 9 M., 4 D. She is buried by the side of her first husband. At the time of 
her demise she owned a farm on the turnpike at White Hall. She was baptized 
and received into the U. B. Church by the Rev. John Fohl. She was a most excel- 
lent woman, kind-hearted and faithful. A great help to her parents in their old 
age, with whom she resided after the death of her first husband. Her end was 
peaceful, since by faith she saw before her the celestial home. Had two children, 
a son and a daughter. 


1. Augustus A'an Hoff Gosweiler, A. M., M. D., B. at Shiremanstown, Aug. 3, 
1849. After spending some years in the public schools at home, he entered Cottage 
Hill College, York, Pa., where he remained one year, then entered Otterbein Uni- 
versity, Ohio, and graduated in the Classical Department in 1871. He then studied 
Theology at the Western Theological Seminary, Allegheny, Pa. In March, 1873, 
he was licensed to preach by the East Pennsylvania Annual Conference of the 
United Brethren in Christ. He was stationed at Steelton, where, during his min- 
istry, a church was built. From his father he had inherited a love for the study 
of medicine, and hence in 1874 he began a course of reading under the instruction 
of Dr. Bowman, at Harrisburg, and was graduated from the Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, March 10, 1877, just thirty years after his father had received 
his credentials from the same honored institution. He began to practice at Wrights- 
ville, York County, Pa., in 1877, but in 1879 he moved to Baltimore, Md., where 
he at this time (1894) is engaged in his chosen work. He is the physician in charge 
of the Baltimore Eastern Dispensary, northwest corner Baltimore Street and Cen- 
tral Avenue, founded 1818, and endowed. He had been Assistant Physician from 
1882 till 1892, when on the demise of Dr. Norris he was promoted to the full 
charge. Dr. Gosweiler has also since 1884 been physician for the German Society 
of Maryland, founded in 1817. He is highly esteemed as a Christian gentleman, 
able and skillful in his profession. He has contributed some excellent articles, 
on various subjects, to literary and medical journals. On June 16, 1874, he was 
M. to Laura J. Fisher, daughter of Hon. Henry L. Fisher* and Sarah J. (Cold- 
smith) Fisher, of York, Pa. Miss Fisher graduated at Cottage Hill College June, 
1870, and is a lady of great excellence and fine culture. To Dr. Gosweiler and his 
wife, Laura J. F., were born the following children: Lelia Fisher Gosweiler, B. 
at Harrisburg, Pa., April 23, 1875; Josephine Gosweiler, B. at Wrightsville, Pa., 
April 27, 1878, D. Dec. 14, 1882; Emily Gosweiler, B. in Baltimore, Md., Oct. 17, 
1881, D. July 12, 1883; Herbert Yan Hotf Gosweiler, B. in Baltimore, Md., Feb. 9, 
1884; Raymond Eberly Gosweiler, B. in Baltimore, Md., July 11, 1888. 

2. Frances Gosweiler, B. at Shiremanstown, Pa., Aug. 14, 1851, died, aged 9 
M., 14 D. Buried at Fneden's KircJie. 

\l. SUSANNA EBERLY. B. Aug. 12, 1829, D. Aug. 3, 1830, aged 11 M., 22 
D. She is buried in the U. B. Cemetery, near Shiremanstown, Pa. 

YH. ANNA MARIA EBERLY. Was born on the homestead, near Shire- 
manstown, Oct. 30, 1832. She was educated in the public schools, and spent 
several years at Mt. Pleasant College, Westmoreland County, Pa. As a member 
of the United Brethren Church she has always taken an active part in the Sabbath- 
school and other church duties. She proved a great help to her parents in their 
old age and attended them in their closing years with tenderest care. After the 
death of her father, in 1802, she, with her sister Mary, remained together in the 
old home in Shiremanstown four years. On Dec. 6, 1866, she bought the old 
"Heck" farm, at Eberly's Mills, of her brother Christian, where she moved 
April 1, 1867, and has since resided, She was M. July 10, 1866, to Ezra F. Gilbert. 
He was born in Franklin County, Pa., March 7, 1841. He is a son of Rev. 

* XoTE.— Hon. Henry L. Fisher, B. Kov. 30, 18:i2, at Quiney. Franklin County, M. Nov. 26, 18-19. 
Miss Goldsmith is of Swiss descent. His mother, Anna Margaretta Harbaugh, B. Jan. 29, 1778, near 
the town of York, D. Feb., 1847, near Waynesboro, Franklin County, was a daughter of Yost Har- 
baugh, B. Oct. 11, 1741, on Kreutz Creek, York County, who was the sixth son of Yost Herbach 
(Harbaugh), a native Swiss, who settled on Kreutz Creek about 1740. Y'ost Herbach, the American 
patriarch, was the great-grandfather of Rev. Harbaugh, D. D., B. in Franklin County, Oct. 28, 1817, D. 
at MerciT.-iburg. Dec. 28. I8(i7. — Rupp's Family Register, p. 179. 

Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., Abbottstown, Adams County, Pa, 


Geo. Gilbert, deceased, an honored minister, for many j ears, in the United 
Brethren Church. Mr. Gilbert enlisted in his country's service, Oct. 14, 1862, in 
the 3d Artillery, 152d Regiment, Pa. Vols He was honorably mustered out with 
his regiment, Oct. 21, 1865. He is a member of the United Brethren Church, and 
while engaged in farming, takes also an active part in church work. In 1880 he 
received, at a Quarterly Conference, within the Pennsylvania Conference, license 
to preach the Gospel, which has since been made permanent. He is a devout 
and conscientious man, devoted to the cause of truth and piety. Have one 
daughter: Bertha B. Gilbert, B. May 25, 1868 A very excellent young lady. 

YIIL DANIEL EBERLY, A. M., D. D., was born on the old homestead 
farm, one-half mile north of Shiremanstown, April 22, 1834. He attended the 
public schools in boyhood, and worked on the farm till the Fall of 1850. He spent 
the Winter with his parents in Shiremanstown attending school. In the Spring 
of 1851 he went to the west in company with his brother Christian and his 
brother-in-law, Martin Best. They started from Harrisburg by the new Central 
Railroad, as then called, as far as Hollidaysburg. There they took the Portage 
road and by inclined planes crossed the Alleghenj' Mountains. At Johnstown 
they took the canal boat, 103 miles, for Pittsburg. Then by steamboat on the 
Ohio and Mississippi river to Muscatine, Iowa. Into that new town many Penn- 
sylvanians had moved during the few previous year. By carriage an extended trip 
was taken over the new country, nearly all was prairie (with here and there a 
farm), passing through Cedar Rapids, Iowa City and a number of other points. At 
Lisbon, in the family of Mr. Neidig, they saw some of the children whose parents 
were lost the previous Spring on the ill-fated "Star of the West." Returning to 
Muscatine, the river was crossed to Rock Island, and a trip was made by stage to 
Dixon and Lamojle, and thence on foot to a farm near Dover, in Bureau Covinty, 111. 
While the rest went home, he remained in the family of his sister Elizabeth, till in 
the Fall, and then by canal boat from Peru to Chicago, and by lake to Cleveland, 
where by stage and on foot a journey was made through Ohio ; and in Wayne 
County .a week was spent in the family of his uncle, Peter Eberly. At Pittsburg 
the stage was taken to meet such parts of the railroad as had been completed- 
It required several days and nights to go from Pittsburg to Harrisburg, which 
was a great advance on former years. He remained at home with his parents till 
New Year, 1852. After dinner, his uncle, Daniel Erb, took him to Bridgeport, 
where he and his sister, Annie, took the cars on the new Northern Central R- R. 
for Baltimore, and thence on the B. vt O. to Cumberland, Md., and by stage over 
the Allegheny mountain to Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland County, where they 
entered the new college, which had been founded the year before, as students. 
After two terms, in July they returned home. In the Fall of the same year he 
again went back to the Mount Pleasant College. He remained a regular scholar 
there till the end of the scholastic year in July 1855. On the first of September 
of that year he went to Providence, R. I., and stood his examinations for entrance 
in special studies in the higher classes of Brown University. In August, 1857, he 
entered the Senior Class of Otterbein University, Ohio, and graduated with A. B., 
in June, 1858, having acted as tutor in German and lecturer on the literature 
of that language during the year. While at Mt. Pleasant he had received Quar- 
terly Conference license to preach, and frequently, during vacations, and also 
during terms, filled vacancies in pulpits. After graduating, he made a preaching 
tour with his uncle. Bishop Erb, through a part of what was then called Canada 
West. On January 19, 1859, he joined the Pennsylvania Annual Conference of 
the United Brethren in Christ, at Mechanicsburg, Pa. He was appointed to 


Shopp's Station. Afterwards he had charge of Littlestown Circuit, and next of 
York Springs Circuit, and in January, 1805, became pastor of the Scott Street 
Church, in Baltimore, Md. In June, 18G3, he enlisted in the 4'7th Regt , Pa. Vols., 
under Col. Wickersham, and served until mustered out with the Regiment. On 
Dec. 2, 1875, he was commissioned Chaplain of the 8th Regt., N. G. P., which 
position he still holds (1894) and is the ranking Chaplain in the Guard. In April, 
1806, he took charge of Cottage Hill College, * York, Pa. Here he remained in 
active work till the close of the scholastic year, June 26, 1872. Besides teaching 
full time, he preached nearly every Sabbath, and had to oversee all departments 
and attend to all correspondence, as well as other duties. 

In 1872 Prof. Eberly delivered the Baccalaureate Sermons at three -colleges: 
First at Otterbein University, Ohio ; second, at Lebanon Valley College, Pa.: and 
third, at Cottage Hill. He had, during the year, been elected President of Otter- 
bein University, and had seriously contemplated accepting, and at the request of 
the Prudential Committee, officiated as President of the commencement exercises 
that year in the delivery of diplomas and addresses ; but being still in the work 
at York, did not feel free in going to Ohio, much as he would have enjoyed that 
work. After leaving York he took temporary charge of a congregation in Phila- 
delphia, and in 1874 was appointed pastor of Trinity United Brethren Church, in 
Lebanon, Pa., where he remained two years. During the first year of his pastorate 
the tower and steeple of the church were completed, the church greatly improved, 
and a new organ placed in the main audience room for the first time, with a 
regular choir. In the second year there was an important accession of useful 
members to the congregation, greatly augmenting the work in influence and 
efficiency. Besides his pastoral duties, he edited the "U. B. Tribune," an inde- 
pendent church paper which advocated a change in the rule on "Secret Societies" 
in the discipline, and the propriety of pro rata representation, and lay delegation. 
Though that periodical is almost forgotten at the present time, it proved the 
efficient agent in changing the sentiment of the church on those features, and in 
establishing the liberal Christian principles which now prevail, and which, since 
1889, have relegated to the background the hide-bound "radicalism " of a small 

* Note. —Cottage Hill Female College was rounded Ijj' Rev. John F. Hey. He began with a small 
lioirding school for girls, The number of pupils increasei year after year, and he increased his 
buildings and purchased more land until he had sis acres. He expended more than $40,000, and had 
a most prosperous school of young ladies, all of whom were boarders in the building, V\'hen the 
war broke out he lost his larse patronage from the Southern States. His wife also died, and being 
advanced in yearj he ooQcluded to close the institution. It was vacant several years. In the Winter 
or 1S65 Rev. Jacob Erb, Christian Eberly and Daniel Eberly bought the. property for $12,000. The 
school was op3ned in April, by admitting as students, ladies and gentlemen. When the Fall term 
opened the buildings became crowded. The enterprise was highly successful. The proprietors, not 
desiring to enlarge the building.*, decided to go back to the original design of the building, and use 
it exclusively for young ladies. A charter to graduate young ladies was obtained from the legislature 
of the state, and on June 24, 1868, the first class of six young ladies was graduated from the College. 
In 1869 a class of five ; in 1S70, four ; in 1871, ten ; and in 1.872, live. The school was well established 
The departments of Art and music were in excellent condition. The pianos all good (some ten) as 
well as organs, guitars, etc. The grounds were enlarged by an additional purchase of three acres, a 
park of fine deer, and a lake with gold-flsh. Shade trees and walks make it a most pleasant and 
desirable place. Prof. Eberly had, early in the movement, bought out the in'erests of his partners, 
and hence had become the sole owner. When he closed his work in teaching in June, 1872, the school 
was prosperous and the outlook better than ever before. He sold this property to the late Michael 
Sc'hall for $20,000. Mr. Schall made improvements, costing him some five or six thousand dollars 
more, and then Rev. Mr. Periuchief took charge, and the school was under the control of tlie Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church. Everything seemed hopeful, but the delicate health of the President was 
against him. Others took charge, but for some reason the school was closed. The beautiful grounds 
have been cut up by a gas factory and by railroads. The fine shade tree' have b°eu felled, and soon 
he nine beautiful acres will be built up with houses and factories, and occupied bj' railroad tracks 


but domineering- faction. Mr. Eberly was strono-lj- urged by liis congregation to 
remain, but for some reason refused reappointment. Of this, the "Lebanon 
Daily News " of March 1, 1876, sa:id : Despite the efforts made by the many friends 
of Rev. D Eberly, pastor of Trinity U. B. Church, at this place, not to have him 
relinquish the pastorate of the church, they prove futile, and hereafter he will 
devote his time exclusively to the editorial management of the " U. B. Tribune," 
a position for which he is eminently qualified. But at the same time the U. B. 
Church loses in him a most excellent and learned clergyman. He has been the 
editor of said paper for some time. During the stay of the reverend gentleman 
amongst us, he has made many warm friends who will be lotti to see him sever 
his connection thus. "The Pennsylvanier," a German paper, whose proprietor 
and editor, Mr. John Young, was a member and regular attendant at church, 
published as an editorial note : '3^on^evftag, Icn 2. iTiih^ 1876. ,,61)nD. .»i>v. ("^'bevli), 
iDeld)ev uiiiljvt'ub ben lel?ten yuet ,3af}ven als ''^-vebi(3er her Ivimti) i^eveintflten i^riibev .Hird)e 
btente, f)at bei ber neulid)eu i'5onferen5 feine Stelle angenommen uub gebenft, fid) in bns 
^rtcatleben ^uriid^u^iclien. ii^ir miffen uon feiiiem ^^^rebigev, bcr jetnttls [)ier mivftc unh 
TOteber fortjog, ber iin :}lUgenu'ineit in holievcr ?ld)tung geftanbcn liat. Xevfclbc tiat fid) 
als foliber, talentuoUer 93Jann uub nlci bvaud)bavev 'i^vebiger cnuiefen." 

The Board of Trustees in June, 1876, at their annual meeting elected him 
Professor of Latin language and literature, in Lebanon Valley College. He 
entered upon his duties Aug. 21, 1876, and continued eight years. During the first 
year he, conjointly with the President, acted as college preacher. Though fre- 
quently preaching on Sabbath for ministers who either were unwell or called 
away, he gave the strictest care and attention to his classes. He devoted himself 
with conscientious fldelitj- to his college work. While thus engaged, hishealth 
began to decline, his once powerful constitution seemed to give way, and he 
deemed it advisable to take a respite from the confinement of school and lecture 
room, and resort to a more active form of life. Hence, earl}' in the winter term, 
he notified the President of the Board of Trustees of his intention of resigning 
his professorship at the close of the scholastic year in June. When this became 
known the following notices appeared : "Annville Gazette," Jan. 26, 1884. "The 
intelligence that Prof. Eberly has formerly notified the President of the Board of 
Trustees, that his connection with the College as Professor of Latin language and 
literature will cease with this collegiate year, became known to the students on 
Monday last, and up to this time has occasioned no little regret. The Professor, 
who has so ably, worthily and honorably filled his chair for the past eight years, 
has built up a department which can be filled by none but a thorough scholar ; 
and he has won for himself an enviable reputation, as his universal popularity 
among the students and friends of the College, daily indicates. His uniform kind- 
ness to the students, and his scholarly ability give him a rank among leading 
educators and incite in all a fondness and pride for him. In losing him, the in- 
stitution sustains a loss which will be severe to all its friends. Reasons for this 
step at the present time are not known, and his resignation has been a query and 
comment of many of the students during the past week." "Lebanon Daily 
News," Jan. 26, 1884 : "Professor Eberly recently notified the College authorities 
that he will hand over the professorship of Latin language and literature at the 
meeting of the Board of Trustees in June next. This information has reached 
the students and is received with much regret. The Professor has filled his 
chair with marked ability for the past eight years. His fair, open and impartial 
way of dealing has won for him a warm place in the hearts of all who studied in 
his department, and a respect worthy the dignity of his office. His thorough 
acquaintance with the Latin language and literature, and with history, as well 


as his general information, renders him a power, the loss of which the institution 
cannot replace with any other than an experienced and polished scholar, and a 
critical and profound thinker. He has the deep and merited regards of ihe stu- 
dents, and of all interested in ihe welfare of the College ; and as the object of his 
resignation has not been disclosed to the s'.udents. the.y are in suspense as to the 
possible reasons." 

At the close of the collegiate year, the following appeared in the "Lebanon 
Daily News," under date of Thursday, June 12: "The work of the Board of 
Trustees was heavy yesterday. Many pressing-interests were taken up and con- 
sidered. Professor Eberly resigned his chair, notwithstanding the urgent remon- 
strances of his friends against his going away. The following petition, with 
appropriate heading, signed by nearly all the students, was passed and read: ' We, 
the undersigned students of Lebanon Valley College, considering the many benefits 
we have derived from the able instruction of Prof. Eberly, and feeling the loss 
the college would sustain in the event of his resignation going into effect, do, 
respectfully and earnestly, pray your honorable body to adopt such measures as 
will secure his ripe scholarship and marked ability for our benefit and advantage, 
and sucn measures as will save his powerful influence and intellectual strength to 
the institution.' But it was of no avail. The Professor could not be persuaded 
to remain." 

After the close of the work at Annville, with his wife, he went on a visit to 
the home of her parents, at Abbottstown, Pa. She, not being well for several 
months and in July was occasionally afflicted with weak spells. Towards the 
latter part of the month she grew worse, and died on Monday evening, July 28, 
1386. This was the most terrible shock that he ever experienced. Nothing ever 
before seemed to affect him, but this was overwhelming. Josephine Bittinger, 
her maiden name, was the daughter of William and Eliza (Heaffer) Bittinger, * 
and was born at Abbottstown, Pa., July 8, 1850. She graduated at Cottage Hill 
College, York, Pa., June 29, 1870, was married Ausrust 23, of the same year. She 
was a woman of splendid address, cultured, refined and afl'able in her ways. A 
fine musician and skilled in art, as some of her work in oil attests. To be bereft 
of such a companion was a severe blow, and seemed too great to be borne. She 
was laid to rest in the cemetery of her native town, there to await the resurrection 
of the just. At her funeral services, held in the Lutheran Church, at Abbotts- 
town, Pa., the Rev. Charles T. Stearn, D. D., then Presiding Elder in the Penn- 
sylvania Conference of the United Brethren in Christ, at the close of his discourse 
>v^4jd : " Mrs. Eberly was a woman of refinement and culture. She possessed 
larkable judgment, and at the same time was exceedingly kind and gentle. 

^ •,' ' Note.— William BittinKer was born November 21, 1820, at the old horn f stead at the Carlisle turn- 
?''i)lfee, three miles northwest of Hanover. His mother's maiden name was Lydia Bair. He was the 
oldest of twelve children. His great grandfather, Adam Bittinger, migrated from Alsace, France, 
with his fiimily in 1736 ; landed at Philadelphia, and settled at Lancaster, but afterwards removed 
to York. He had a family of ten children, the oldest of whom was Nicholas, the great-grandfather 
of William. He was born in Alsace in 1725 and died in 1804, and is buried in the Luthean cemetery 
at Abbottstown. He was a Captain in the Second Battalion of Washington's Army, and marched to 
New Jersey— was at Fort Washington near New Y'ork atd at Paoli. He was a man of great wealth 
and energy. He left a family of nine children, the oldest, a son named Joseph : who left a family 
of nine children, the oldest a son named Joseph ; who left a famiU of five sons, one named after his 
father. Jo.seph, who was the father, of William. He was fond of books and loved to attend school. 
At the age of fifteen he was placed in the store of Joseph Carl in Abbottstown. Here he remained 
two years, then he taught school at Waynesboro one term, and again entered a store. In 1842 he mar- 
ried Eliza Heaffer (Ha'"er) and had a family of four daughters. Three died young, and Josephine 
alone grew np to womanhood. He was a man of great financial ability. He left a very large estate, 
stood high in financial circles, was a gentleman in every respect, and a member of the Lutheran 
Church. He dipd at his res'dence in Abbottstown, March o. 1888, aged 67 Y., 3 M., 12 D. 


Her piety was decided. She never vacillated between doubts and fear.s, with a 
fi -m devotion loved and served her God. It is not lono- since she and her husband 
knelt together at the altar and received the elements of the Holy Communion 
from my hands. The next time we meet and commune together will be in the 
church above. INIrs. Eberly was endowed with superior mental faculties, and 
cultivated by educational training, she was prepared to enjoy the most refined 
society, yet a retiring modesty led her to select her own home as the place to 
impress most fully the true measure of her worth. She loved her home and 
found her great delight in keeping it in order. To that home, her friends and 
the friends of her husband always found a generous and hearty welcome from 
her. Her husband's library was to her a pleasant resort, and much time was 
there spent by her in reading standard authors. But most of all, she loved to 
read the Bible. To her ears, the story of the cross, as told by God's ministers, 
was always precious. This was evinced by the interest she manifested while 
listening to the preached word. She was the friend of the minister, and the 
ministers respected and esteemed her as a true sister in Christ. 

She was a skilful and accomplished musician. At her own home, she spent 
many delightful hours in discoursing classic music. But with all her superior 
qualifications, she did not seek to thrust herself on public notice. I have been 
much about the home of Professor Eberly, and I think I knew Mrs. Eberlj-, I am 
confident I say what hundreds of our people would endorse were' they present 
to-day, when I say, to know her, was to love and re^pect her. The congrega- 
tions, served by her husband in Philadelphia and in Lebanon, esteemed her 
highly for the sweet gentleness, which radiated from her pious heart. Always 
pleasant and agreeable, yet she never interfered with the business of others. 

As the wife of a professor in college, scores of students loved to make friendly 
calls of an evening and enjoy the courtesies and hospitality of her home. Her 
friendship was sought by the best citizens, and her acquaintance was appreciated 
by them. But eow she has passed from earth to heaven, a kind and dutiful 
daughter, an affectionate and loving wife, a woman esteemed and loved in the 
church and out of it, and in every community wherever she has lived, and above 
all, one that loved her Saviour and enjoyed his smiles and favor." 

Since the death of his wife, Mr. Eberly has made his home at Abbotts town. He 
is a director of the Berlin Branch Rail-oad, connected with the Western Mary- 
land, is interested in the manufacturing of lime, and owns some fine farms, 
lectures on different subjects and preachers frequently, but has no regular 
charge. He was elected President of Lebanon Valley College, in 1SS7, but did 
not accept the honor, as he then had business interests which demanded his en- 
tire time. He enjoys excellent health, and always goes with his regiment, as 
Chaplain, when it is on duty. Mr. Eberly was baptized by the Rev. J. C. Smith,- 
in 1860, in the stream at Mumma's Mill near Hanover, York County, Pa., in 1801 by 
Bishop Glossbenner, assisted by Bishop Erb and Bishop Rassel. The degree of 
Doctor of Divinity was conferred on him by the Lebanon Valley College. 

IX. SARAH Ji^NE EBERLY. Born July 16, 1837 on the old homestead 
north of Shiremanstown. She was educated in the public schools and attended 
several terms at Cedar Hill Seminary, Mt. Joy, Pa. Then she entered Washing- 
ton Female Seminary, at W^ashington, Pa., Mrs. Hanna, Principal. There she 
graduated with the class of 1855. She taught awhile in the Cumberland Insti- 
tute, at Mechanicsburg, then in charge of I. Daniel Rupp, the historian of Penn- 
sylvania. On Oct. 6, she married David R. Merkel and moved to him on the 
"Valley Farm," a very pleasant country residence. In April, 1866, she accepted 


an invitation to become Principal of the Ladies' Department of Cottage Hill Col- 
lege, York, Pa., while her husband was head of the Department of Music. Here 
she had opportunity to display her powers of government. The young ladies held 
her in highest esteem, and cheerfully obeyed her from a sense of love and regard. 
To her they came for advice, counsel and sympathy, as to a mother. Parents felt 
glad to place their daughters in her charge, to enjoy her instruction, and receive 
the benefits of her culture and refined manners. But her duties which were 
heavy and the cares which were constant, began plainly to tell upon her health 
and advised the propriety of rest. Hence, after a work of five years, she resigned 
her position, and closed her work, much to the regret of the patrons of the school. 
With her husband and daughter several years were spent in travel. Being 
pleased with Elmira, New York, they built a house there and remained some 
years while their daughter, Romane, was educated in the High School, and 
graduated from the Female Seminary of that town. 

David Ilittenhouse Merkel, her husband, is a man of marked ability, exact and 
precise in everything, wealthy and influential. After enjoying the advantages 
of the public schools, he spent several years in the Acadmies at Plainfleld and at 
AVhitehill, Cumberland County, Pa. Prom his ancestors he inherited rare talents 
for music, which being carefully trained under the best instructors, have placed 
him high among the most thorough and accomplished musicians. He plays with 
greatest ease and beauty on piano, organ, violin and guitar. As Professor af 
Music at Cottage Hill College he was very popular ; and students sought with 
avidity to be placed under his instruction. 

About 1874 he again returned to the place of his nativity, "Valley Farm." 
He erected a stately mansion, in which he now resides and oversees and directs 
the work on the beautiful and fertile farms, whose broad acres surround him 
His horses, mules, cattle, with which these lands are stocked, are first-class, and 
everything shows the superior skill of a governing mind and hands. He, with his 
family, enjoy the pleasure of rural life, without the drudgery. When looking at 
his gardens and fields one can readily say with Cicero: "Venio nunc ad volup- 
tates agricolarum, quibus ego incredibiliter delector ; quae nee ulla inpediunter 
senectute et mihi ad sapientis vita,m pro.xime videntur accedere." Mr. Merkel 
is a director in the Mechanicsburg National Bank and is President of the Allen 
and East Pennsboro Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Two daughters : 

1. Blanche Merkel, B. July 22, 1858, D. April 8, 18.59. 

2. Romaine Merkel, B. Sept. 3, 1861, at "Valley Farm." She is a graduate 
of high standing of the Elmira Female College, New York, is a good musician 
and a very fine artist, sketching with great accuracy from nature. She enjoyed 
the instruction of masters in that department. In short, is an accomplished and 
cultured lady. She is married. Michael William Jacobs, her husband, B. Jan. 
27, 1850. He is a graduate of the Pennsylvania College, at Gettysburg, where 
his father for many years was professor. He is a fine scholar, and ranks high 
as an able lawyer and safe counsellor. He practices his chosen profession in the 
city of Harrisbure. Have four children, a. Merkel Henry Jacobs, B. Dec. 6, 
1884. b. Alichael William Jacobs, Jr., B. Oct. 3, 1886. c. Sarah Jacobs, B. March 
3, 1888. d. Robert Jacobs, B. Aug. 1, 1891. 

YII. AUiNT CATHARINE EBERLY. B. June 8, 1792, D. April 29, 1876, aged 
83 Y., 10 M., 21 D. She was M. to Joseph Witmer, Sr., in 1811. He was B. Feb. 
10, 1785, D. Aug. 27, 1853, aged 66 Y., 6 M., 17 D. He left five sons and four daugh- 
ters. They were good farmers, on a farm near Middlesex, worked and toiled hard 
and were very honest people. They had their troubles through this life, having^ 

Abraham Witmer, Middlesex, Pa. 


sickness and death in their famil.y. They lived in the faith of the Mennonite 
Church, and were buried in the farm burying ground in 1894. The youngest 
daughter is yet living. She had her father and mother and the children raised 
from the field graveyard and buried in Kutz Cemetery. As Kate was M. to Daniel 
Kutz, it was a wise move, since all the rest are buried in ditferent cemeteries. It 
was a great forethought to raise her sister, Magdalene, who had been buried in Iowa. 
F. C, MAGDALENE WITMER. B. Jan. 19, 1817, D. Feb. 20, 1874, aged 57 
Y., 1 M., 7 D. In her old age she was M. to Abraham Harztler, of Iowa. There 
she died, and has been since removed to Cumberland, Pa. 

F. C, BENJAMIN WITMER. B. Aug. 17, 1822, D. in J8.52, aged 20 Y., 11 
M., 12 D. 

F. C, JOHN WITMER. B. Sept. 1, 1820, D. June 28, 1837, aged 17 Y. 

F. C, REBECCA WITMER. B. Sept. 10, 1827, D. March 12, 1830. aged 3 Y. 

F. C, ELIZABETH WITMER. B. 1813, D. 1890, aged 76 Y. She was M. to 
Adam Gibler ; no issue. He weighed 363 pounds. They were good honest people, 
living moral in this life, and were members of the German Brethren Church. 
They were buried north of Churchtown, in the Dunkard graveyard. 

F. C, CATHARINE WITMER. B. 1830, M. to Daniel Kutz. He was B. Dec. 
13, 1831, D. Oct. 15, 1892, aged 62 Y., 2 M., 28 D. They strove to live right in the 
sight of God, so that they might be admitted intu the heavenly home. She has 
bought one of the farms near the Kutz Church, Cumberland County, Pa., where 
she lives. Post-office, Middlesex. 

F. C, ABRAHAM WITMER. B. 1823, D. 1886, aged 62 Y. In his old age 
he was M. to Rebecca Fleming in 1877. She D. Jan. 31, 1878, one year after their 
marriage, aged 30 Y., 9 M., 26 D. Abraham Witmer was again M. to Miss Anna 
Fleming, a sister. He also died having no issue. The old homestead farm was 
given to Samuel Witmer for his son, Joseph. The farm has been 100 years in that 
name. He was a good financier in settling business for other men. Hon. Witmer, 
one of Cumberland County's most respected citizens, has passed to his long home. 
At the time of his death he was a man of business capacity, and was a grain mer- 
chant, doinff business at Middlesex Station. He was a Free Mason, a prominen 
member of the Grangers, and for a number of years was Associate Judge with 
Graham and Moser. He is buried at Carlisle. The widow also lives at Carlisle. 

F. C, SAMUEL WITMER. B. Nov. 5, 1825, D. Dec. 12, 1893, aged 68 Y.. 1 
M., 7 D. He was buried in Kutz Cemetery, and his children were also removed 
there on the lot. That was a good forethought of his wife, as the old graveyard 
in the field was forsaken. Uncle Joseph Witmer, Aunt Witmer and the rest of 
the family were removed there also. Some of the family are buried at Carlisle. 
Samuel Witmer was married again to Clarissa, daughter of Samuel and Catharine 
(Waggoner) Williams, in 1863. They have three children living and three dead. 
He is a son of Joseph and Catharine (Eberly) Witmer, natives of Lancaster County, 
Pa., and of German descent. His grandparents came to Cumberland County in 
1791, where they owned a good tract of land. Grandfather was, at one time, quite 
wealthy, but he was considerably reduced on account of the excise tax which he 
was obliged to pay on whisky, in which he dealt at that time. He lived on the 
old homestead until his death. Joseph Witmer received the farm, and built the 
stone house about 1831. The barn was built about 1835. He was one of the suc- 
cessful farmers of that day, made his own way in the world, and at his death 
owned 315 acres of valuable land. He was a member of the Mennonite Church, 
and the father of nine children. Samuel was reared on the farm until 29 years of 


age, when he started in life for himself, in partnership with his brother, Abraham. 
They farmed the homestead farm fourteen years, and in 1868 he sold out his interest 
to his brother, Abraham, and bought 94 acres of land near the railroad, where he 
lived. His farm was well improved, having good buildings. He also owned 400 
acres of good land, and a house built in 1874 at Middlesex Station. It is a large 
two-story house and is a good shipping place for the vicinity. Mr. Witmer was 
ticket and freight agent and postmaster in 1878. He was a member of the German 
Reformed Church of Carlisle. Politically he was a Republican. 

S. C, JOSEPH WITMER, Jr. B. June 4, 18(59. He is a son of Samuel Wit- 
mer. After his father's death, Joseph was appointed freight and ticket agent and 
postmaster at Middlesex Station, Jan. '2, 1894. He was M. to Cora Heifner in 1895. 
They have one son, Joseph Samuel Witmer. 

S. C, BENJAMIN EMERSON WIT:\IER. B. Nov. 1."), 1871, D. Oct. 29, 1872, 
aged 1 Y. 

S. C, SAMUEL WITHER, Jr. B. Oct. 2, 1873, D. Oct. 19, 1880, aged 7 Y. 

S. C, ABRAHAM WITMER. B. Oct. 4, 187(J (single). 

S. C, ELIZA WITMER. B. Sept. 15, 1804, D. Jan. 25, 1806, aged II Y. 

S. C, ANNA MARY WITMER. B. May 29, 1800, M. to Arthur Huston. One 
son, died, aged about 5 Y. Samuel Witmer and wife are good farmers, and live 
peaceably with all in the community. They reside on the homestead farm, near 
Middlesex. This farm was in the Witmer name over 100 years. He was the suc- 
cessor of Abraham AVitmer as grain merchant at Middlesex Station. His daughter, 
Anna Mary Witmer, M. to Arthur Huston, of Mechanicsburg, is a granddaughter 
of Catharine (Eberly) Witmer. Arthur Huston is the only son of James Huston. 
He lived, when a boy, with his uncle, William Saxton. He learned the saddler 
trade in Kingston, and was the inventor and received a patent on tly-nets while in 
Mechanicsburg in 1869. In 1881 he bought the Bucher mill and farm for $27,000. 
The mill burned away in 1885. His ancestors came from Ireland in 1770. June 
15, 1856, he was M. to Sarah Huntzberger, well known by the writer. 

F. C, JACOB WITMER. B. Feb. 25, 1815, D. Nov. 15, 1894, aged 59 Y., 3 M., 
22 D. He was M. to Hannah Senseman May 17, 1842. She was B. in 1819, and is 
living (1894), aged 70 Y. 

S. C, MARY BELL WITMER. B. Oct. 23, 1847, D. Dec. 4, 1849, aged 2Y., 
1 M., 11 D. 

S. C, JOHN WITMER. B. April 25, 1845, D. Jan. 4, 1850, aged 4 Y., 8 M., 10 D. 

S. C, CATHARINE H. WITMER. B. June 24, 1843, D. Feb. 22, 1881, aged 
37 Y., 7 M , 8 D. She was M. to Jacob Swiler Zearing June 10, 1873. He was B. 
June 18, 1842, and his mother was oi the Rupp family. They had three children : 
Nellie Zearing, D. Aug. 19, 1878, aged 1 Y.. 19 D.; Robert W. Zearing, B. June 4, 
1874 ; Catharine Hannah Zearing, B. 1878. He is often called Dr. Zearing, seldom 
hearing his first name, and lives on a good farm, near Middlesex Station. Mrs. 
Kate H. Zearing was the daughter of Jacob and Hannah (Senseman) W^itmer. Mr. 
Zearing was with Dr. Reily, of Harrisburg, for some years. He was also a Com- 
missioner of Cumberland County in 1884 and 1S85, and wa? a useful man in the 
community and a Christian. 

e. C, ROBERT SAMUEL WITMER. Farmer; Post-office, Carlisle. He 
was B. Dec. 9, 1850, and is a son of Jacob and Hanna (Senseman) Witmer. His 
.grandfather, Joseph W^itmer, was born in Lancaster County, came to Cumber- 
land County when a boy, and was one of the early settlers of the County. He 

Henry Eberly, Mount Joy, Lancaster County, Pa, 

JOHN r:]u:KLv and di:scknj)ants. 4y 

settled near Middlesex Station, where he lived until his death in 18."):}. He was a 
farmer and owned a large tract of good land. Jacob Witmer, his father, was born 
on the old homestead in 1814, was a farmer, and a consistent member of the 
Lutheran Church of Carlisle. He is buried there. He died 1874, on the farm. 
Robert S. Witmer was reared on the farm and remained with his father until his 
death. Mr Witmer is one of the substantial and successful farmers of the coun- 
try. He owns 163 acres of good land. His mother is yet living, and resides with 
him. She is a consistent member of the Lutheran Church, looking into the future 
to meet friends gone before. Mr. Witmer is a member of the I. (). O. F. Lodge, 
No. 91, Carlisle. He is a prominent man, intelligent and enterprising. Politically 
he is a Republican. 

YIII. UIVCLE HENRY EBERLY, of Mount Joy, Lancaster County, was B. April 
5, 1795, D. Feb. 22, 1876, aged 80 Y., 10 M,, 17 D. M. to Anna Leib, B. May 14, 1800. 
She D. July 15, 1865, aged 65 Y., 2 M., 1 D. She had 5 sons and 2 daughters.— 
They were members of the Evangelical Association. He was one of the old 
pioneers, in exhorting sinners to come to Christ. He was charitable in all his 
dealings among men. They both had their troubles in this life. He gave the 
cemetery ground to the church of his choice. 

F. C, ABRAHAM EBERLY. B. Feb. 26. 1838, D. young. 

F. C, SIMON EBERLY. B. Sept. 25, 1820. He started out into the world 
when he was about 18 years of age. He went to parts unknown to all his friends. 
They never heard of his whereabouts. When his father died, he left him some 
estate. They advertised in papers, but received no information from any part of 
the earth. He was given up for dead. 

F. C, BENJAMIN EBERLY'. B. Nov. 11, 1833, M. to Mary Groff in 1859. 
He is in the hardware business. He was a good man, but was unfortunate in 
the loss of one eye. He also had his troubles with the rest of mankind. They 
are members of the U. B. Church, living in Mount Joy. ("hildren are as fol- 
lows : 

S. C, IRENE EBERLY'. (Single.) 


S. C, ANNA EBERLY. M. to David Campbell. Children : John Campbell, 
Ellen Campbell. 

S. C, JOSEPHINE EBERLY'. M. to David M. Martin, a printer. Children: 
Edgar Martin and Irene Martin. 

F. C, MARY' EBERLY". B. Oct. 26, 1822, D. 1891, aged 64 Y'. M. to George 
Porter on May 3, 1848. He was born March 12 1826. Children : 

S. C, JOSEPHINE PORTER and GEORGE E. PORTER, (twins) B. 1859. 
Both dead. 

S. C, BENJAMIN PORTER. B. 1853. Dead. 

S. C, HENRY PORTER. B. 1849. Dead. 

S. C, ANNA PORTER. B. 1862. M. to William Dearofl'. Children : Beulah 
Dearoff, of Mt. Joy. They are engaged in the shoe-making business. 

F. C. CHRISTIAN EBERLY. B. June 14, 1829. M. to Mary Musselman. 
She is living in Harrisburg, and is a good woman with plenty of friends. Mr. 
Eberly is a good engineer. Very often nobody knows his whereabouts, wandering 
about on the earth. 


F. C, HENRY EBERLY. B. Feb. 14. 1827. M. to Mary Heidig. She died 
in 18(56, aged 28 Y. He was again married to Jlary Groff. D. in 1893, aged 46 
Y. He is a good man bearing with patience his troubles, by the help of God. He 
is a carpenter by trade. He was also in the war of the rebellion, 15th Regt., Pa. 
Inft. Eight children : 

S. C. F'.OR A EBERLY. M. to John Hosier. He died. She again married, 
to Amos Rudy, of Y'ork. 

S. C, ANNA EBERLY. B. 1852. M. to John Warville, of Mt. Joy. One 
daughter: Jennie Warville. 

S. C, HOWARD EBERLY. M. to Lizzie Arnold, of Wilmington, Del. He 
is a teacher of instrumental music. 

S. C, ALBERT EBERLY. M. to Bessie Irvin, of Leavenworth, Kan. Two 
children : Gertrude Eberly and Laud Eberly. 

S. C, ELLEN EBERLY. M. to William White. Have six children living 
and two dead : Bertie White, Charles White, Laura AVhite, Levi White, William 
White, Jr. and Elizabeth White. 

S. C, BENJAMIN EBERLY. B. 1857. M. to Amanda Baker. Three 
children : One son dead, Dessie Eberly and Henry Eberly, Jr. The father was 
living in Harrisburg when killed by the cars on Aug. 19, 1893, aged 36 Y. He 
was a member of the Church of God. In the midst of life we are in death. He 
was a brakeman on the lower division of the P. R. R., and was in the P. R- R. 
Relief for $500. 

S. C, ELMER EBERLY. B. 1862. M. to Anna Oleary in 1890. Two chil- 
dren : Anna Eberly and John Eberly. He is a brakeman on the middle division, 
P. R. R., and lives in Harrisburg. 

F. C, ANNA EBERLY. B. Oct. 18, 1824, D. 1891, aged 67 Y. M. to Joseph 
Detweiler, of Mt. Joy, in 1844. She was a good mother. They were good, honest 
farmers, and prospered well in this life. Three children : 
^t-- S. C, FLORA DETWILER. Dead. 



S. C, ELMIRA DETWILER. M. to Christian Sherk, of Mount Joy. Chil- 
dr^: (One dead), and Christian Sherk, Jr. 

^'^"S. €., SUSAN DETWILER. M. to Adam Bear, of Rhorerstown, whiskey 
inspector. Children, Laura Bear and Guy Bear. 

S. C, EMMA DETWILER. M. to C. S. Budding. Children: (Four living), 
one dead. Blanche. Anna, Joseph, Lizzie, and Maud Budding. Maud is dead. 

S. C, BIGLER DETWILER. M. to Emma Minerva Hoffman in 1878. Chil- 
dren : Parthene, Joseph, Jr., Mable, Beulah Det.'jj^iler. He was a good farmer 
and is a noted bee raiser, of Mount Joy. He ife-a whole-souled man of good 
qualification in business among his fellows, and is a member of the Church of 

S. C, ALICE DETWILER. M. to H. H. Myers.. He haj^ne daughter, 
Virginia Myers. He is engaged in the culture of fish at Mt. Joj^^ 

S. C, EVA DETWILER. M. to H. Heis, who is ChielNBilfess of Columbia, 
and is in the hardware store. One son, Joseph Heis, dead. 


IX. AUNT ANNA EBERLY. B. March 23, 1797. M. first to John Martin, of 
Mount Joy, Lancaster County. ISIG. Two children, died small. Only one son 
living in 1894, then 72 Y., and Levi E. Martin. His father, John Martin, died 
with consumption, in 1823. When his son, Levi, was about one year old, the 
Widow Martin again M. to Samuel Musselman, of Lancaster County, jn 182G, and 
in 1827 moved to Cumberland County, above New Kingston, on a good farm, 
along the turnpike. He paid $40 per acre. They bought it of Wm. Bell, and were 
good farmers, honest and prospered well. She D. July 10, 1849, aged .52 Y., 3 M., 
18 D. Had five children to Musselman, John, Elizabeth, Anna, Catharine and 
Simon. She embraced religion in 1843, was a member of the Evangelical Associa- 
tion, and a great worker for the church. She was a kind Christian mother to all 
persons about her. Died in a good hope of eternal life, expecting to meet with all 
of God's children, and her friends in the heavenly home. Samuel Musselman 
was again married to the Widow Suavely on July 18, 18.52. He closed farming in 
1857 and moved to New Kingston. He was ona of the prominent members of the 
Evangelical Association, to which all the family belong. He was always 
one of the trustees of the church parsonage, and cemetery, where they are all 
buried. He was a great help in building the church at New Kingston. He was 
B. Aug. 12, 1793, D. Aug. 27, 1868, aged 75 Y.. 15 D. He passed away happy into 
the presence of the Lord. Buried in the Kingston Cemetery. The farm was sold 
at $210 per acre. The widow lived 16 years longer. She D. Aug. 8, 1884, at 
New Kingston, at a good, ripe, old age, 81 Y., 5 M., 3 D. She died happy in the 
Lord. She was also a member of the Evangelical Association at New Kings- 
ton. Buried at St. John's or Freiden's Kirke Cemetery, in the Suavely lot of her 
of her first husband. 

F. C, LEVI E. MARTIN. B. Aug. 21, 1822, M. first to Elizabeth H. Arm- 
strong on Dec. 24, 1844. She was the daughter of John Armstrong, living north 
of New Kingston, on the old homestead farm, which was in that name over 100 
years, now in possession of Brenniser. She had five children : Three dead, two 
living ; John A. Martin and Mary Catharine Martin. Mrs. Elizabeth Martin died 
of consumption. She was B. 1826, D. May 27, 1853, aged 27 Y., 8 M., 22 D. She 
was a good Christian mother and died in the triumphs of faith, gone home to the 
heavenly mansions to meet all her loved friends. She was a member of the 
Evangelical Association. Buried in the New Kingston Cemetery. One son died 
Nov., 1845. 

S. C, ELIZA ANN MARTIN. D. Dec. 14, 1846, aged 14 D. One son died 
small, May 26, 18.53. 

Levi E. Martin again married second time to Susan Crall, having 12 children. 
This makes in all 17 children. He has 10 yet living and 47 grandchildren, three 
great-grandchildren in 1895 for Levi E. Martin and Mrs. Susan Martin. His 
wife was B. March 31, 1831, D. April 18, 1893, aged 62 Y., 19 D., she died in 
Harrisburg, was buried at New Kingston Cemetery. She died happy in the Lord 
hoping to meet all friends in heaven. She was a good Christian mother to all 
around her. 

S. C. LEVI ALBERT MARTIN. B. March 22, 1858, D. June 5, 1864, aged 6 
Y., 2 M., 13 D. He died and was buried while the father was away from home 
working for the government in the time of the war, 1864. 

S. C. One son, D. July 28, 1861. 

S. C. One son, D. Sept. 12, 1867. 


Levi E. Martin was raised by his step-father, Musselman, on the fcirm until 
19 years old (1841), and learned wasron-making. He also worked at ploughs and 
making grain-cradles for three years at four cents per day with Wm. Greenwood, 
of New Kingston, and carried on at the same place for sixteen years, until all was 
carried otf, lost or stolen in war times. He was like a wandering pilgrim in the 
land. In 1859 he moved to Illinois, lived there five months, moved back to Penn- 
sylvania with great loss and expense. He moved twenty-seven times, and at last 
moved to his old home, in 1894. He is now 74 years old. His home is now at 
New Kingston. He moved from place to place, but kept or raised a large family. 
He says he will spend his last days in a retired lile in New Kingston. He worked 
in the car shops at Harrisburg about six years, until the panic of 1874. He again 
moved to Kingston and nursed Michael Kast two years until he died, lifting and 
handling him 5,424 times. He also has a war record. In June 25, 1863, when the 
rebels broke into Pennsylvania, and a call was made for troops, he left shop, 
family and all with patriotic ambition, and volunteered in Clo. D., 20th Pa. Cav., 
with Capt. T. F. Singiser and cousin Samuel E. Gross, First Lieut, under Gen. 
John Wincoop. We received marching orders for Gettysburg battlefield, at the 
the time it took place. After the battle was over, he was detailed for eight weeks 
to nurse the sick, wounded and dying. After this he was transferred from 
Hagerstown to his regiment and company, then at Sir John's Run, W. Va , hav- 
ing camped there (from Clear Spring). There we had considerable trouble in 
guarding and watching against Gen. Moseby and Gen. Gilmore with their Guer- 
rilla men to keep them from raiding the country by night. In Co. F., at Bath, 
twenty-one were taken prisoners of war, and these men were never afterwards heard 
from. We also scouted at various places while we were at this place. The Sir 
John's Run B. & O. R. R. bridge vpas burnt away seven times. Corporal Wm. 
Sheely was drowned near Caj)on, in the Potomac River. We marched on to Spring- 
ville, Hampshire County, W. Va. There we stormed Emittsville, where the rebels 
manufactured their guns. On Christmas at Green Spring we turned over our 
horses to the Government. The regiment then returned on the B. & O. R. R., 
to be mustered out at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Jan. 10, 1804. In the summer of 
1864 he worked for the Government at Warrenton Junction, Acqua Creek, White 
House Landing and City Point. However, he had got his hand into nursing and 
was twelve years in the Harrisburg Hospital, cor. Mulberry and Front Streets. 
among the sick, wounded and dying day and night. In his various experiences 
in life, he is a happy old man. He said perhaps it was best for him to be poor, so 
he will not be too big for other people. It will also help to keep him humble be- 
fore God and man. He has been a member of the Evangelical Association at 
Kingston for fifty-two years. He joined the church at 21 years of age, under the 
charge of Rev. Jacob Roas. He always said he saw that the way of the trans- 
gressor is hard in this world. The world is as we make our path in this world 
and also for our home in heaven. To mind religion young, will save us from a 
thousand snares of the adversary. Self preservation is the first law of nature. 
One ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. He was a man of temperate 
habits, and when we do not violate the laws of nature, the land, or of God. we get 
along in this world happilj'. He is a charter member and Past Grand of the I. 
O. O. F., Silver Spring Lodge, No. 598, in New Kingston. He became a member 
in 1859. He joined Carlisle Lodge, No. 91. JNIr. Martin and family are walking 
to the promised land, where we all expect to meet our happy friends in heaven, 
forever to praise God in glory around his throne. 

S. C, JOHN A. MAR'TIN. B. at Kingston, March Ki, 1848. M. to Martha C. 


Quigley, at New Kingston, June 12, 1S71. She was B. July 12, 1850, D. Sept. 3, 1884, 
aged 34 Y. She was a good Christian mother, and died in the love of God. Chil- 
dren : Melvern Emery Martin, B. at Mount Holly, Oct. 15, 1871. In 1893 he en- 
listed in the U. S. Army, Co. D., Sth Cav., at Fort Meade, S. Dakota. Jonathan 
Quigly Martin, B. at Bendersville, April 25, 1873. In 1894 working in Harrisburg, 
at the saddler trade. .John Penrose Martin, B. at Bendersville, Aug 27, 1874 In 
1894 enlisted in the U. S. Cav., Co. H., 8th Reg , at Fort Meade, S. Dakota. Mary 
Malinda Martin, B. at Bloomfleld, July 12, 1876. Hugh Victor Martin, B. at 
Bloomfield, Sept. 19, 1881. The father, John A. Martin, was M. the second time to 
Mattie Bridge, at New Bloomfield, June 12, 188G. She was B. in Lancaster County, 
Feb. 28, 1855. His children to his second wife are Henry Levi Mirtin, B. at 
Bloomfield, Perry County, June 3, 1887, and Cd,rrie Emma Martin, B. at Duncan 
non. June 20, 1893, are livinar with God. He was also in the army. He had some 
troubles in this life. He was a good mechanic, following the saddler trade in 
Duncannon. He had two sons in the U. S. Army. 

S. C, MARY CATHARINE MARTIN. B. April 9, 18.50. First time M. to 
Samuel Nunnemaker in 1870. One daughter, Florence Nun nemakerB. May 3, 1871. 
He left his wife 1872, stole $100 of her money, left for the west, married to another 
woman in the west, stole $700, and came east, and married the third woman in Phil- 
adelphia. He went with another man to clean out a well and both were killed 
by foul air in the well. She then again married James Duncan in 1874. Chil- 
dren : Wilbert A. Duncan, B. Aug. 20, 1876 ; Clara Alice Duncan, B. Jan. 21, 1878 ; 
Charles Duncan, B. Jan. 20, 1875; Anna Duncan, B. March 6, 1880; John Dun- 
can, B. May 7, 1883; E'setta Duncan, B. Aug. 23, 1887; Susan Duncan, B. Oct. 
12, 1882 ; Tillie Duncan, B. May 12, 1893. She is a good Christian mother, a mem- 
ber of the church. She bore all her troubles with patience. In her poverty she 
raised a large family and brought them up in the fear and love of God. He has a 
war record, having been in the army. They live in Perry County, near Shermans- 
dale. Florence Nunnemaker, daughter of Kate Martin, B. May 3, 1871. Martin 
Clay took her when about five years old. They were good to her. She grew up 
to be a fine young lady, and lives in Perry County. She was married to John 
Steinbergeron July 20, 1888. One son living. John Walter Steinberger was B. 
June 12, 1889. D. 1889, aged 3 M. David Wilard Steinberger, B. March 7, 1890. 
They are living Christian lives. They are members of the Methodist Church 
and live in Perry County, Pa., post-office, Shermansdale. 

S. C, SAMUEL M. MARTIN. B. Aug. 23, 1854, D. 1884, aged 30 Y., 1 M. 
Married to Carrie Nickey m 1874. She was B. Oct. 3, 1853. He was a baker by 
trade, and worked for a year at White Hall Orphan School, and two years at 
Dauphin Poor House. Member of church. Children are Florence Martin, B. 
Nov. 20, 1874, D. 1880, aged 6 Y.; Levi A. Martin, B. 1883, D. 188.5, aged 2 Y.; 
Anna Martin, B. Oct. 3, 1876, living at Baker's above Kingston. She was partly 
raised by them. Addison Martin, B. July 10, 1879 ; Ellen Martin, B. Oct. 3, 1881. 
She is living with James Duffee and wife who live near Newville. Mr. Duffee 
took her when she was five years old. She has a good place. The people are 
very kind and religious. They hope for the Christian's reward. They are mem- 
bers of the United Presbyterian Church. Mrs. Martin after being a widow for 
eight years, married a second time in 1892 to Emanuel Weitzel, at New Kingston. 

S. C, ANNA ELIZABETH MARTIN. B. March 27, 1856, (single), a member 
of the Evangelical Association at Kingston, twenty-three years. She toils indus- 
triously, working hard to make other persons comfortable and happy in this life. 
She has considerable experience in nursing. About one and one-half years at 
the hospital. 


S C, EMMA FLORENCE MARTIN. B. Dec. 24, 1859, M. to Horace S. 
Stees in 1877. He is a machinist living in East Harrisburg, working in the East 
Harrisburg shops. Children, Lawrence Elmer Stees, B. 1878, D. 1880, aged 2 Y., 
4 M. Horace Earl Stees, B. July 10, 1880 ; Gertrude May Stees, B. Sept. 10, 1882 ; 
William Stephen Stees, B. June 10, 188S, D. 1894, aged G Y., 2 M , 18 D.; Emma 
Rathvon Stees, B. Aug. 16. 1890; Edgar Ray Stees, B. Feb. 28, 1894. Her post- 
office is Penbrook. 

S. C, CLARA ALICE MARTIN. B. Nov. 30, 1802, M. to James Pennell in 
1885. She is a member of the Methodist Church. He is flagman on the P. R. R- 
Lower Division. Children, Mattie May Pennell, B. July 1(5, 1887; Bertha Estella 
Pennell. B. March 24, 1889 ; Ross Eliott Pennell, B. April 18, 1894. They live in 

S. C, HARRY E. MARTIN. B. Oct. 18, 18G4, married first time to Blanche 
Woods in 1886. She was B. 1869, D. Feb. 11, 1890, aged 21 Y. He is a barber liv- 
ing in New Kingston, Cumberland County, Pa. She was a member of the Metho- 
dist Church. Children, Arthur Elwood Martin, B. Nov. 8, 1887 ; Vera Blanche 
Martin, B. Jan. 18, 1890 ; Harry E. Martin. He was married second time to Em- 
ma Spidle, of Mount Holly, in 1892. They are members of the church. Earl 
Levi Martin, B April 5, 1892; Clarence Lee Martin, B. May 23, 1893 ; Anna Marie 
Martin, B. Jan. 20, 1895, D. 1895. 

S. C, ESTELLA MINERVA MARTIN. B. April 4, 1866; M. to Richard 
Elwood Sterringer, April 12, 1886. He works in the P. R. R. round-house. 
They are members of the Methodist Church. They desire to meet all their friends 
in heaven. Children, Minnie Estella Sterringer, B. Nov. 19, 1888, D. June 28, 
1889, aged 1 M., 8D; -Arthur Elwood Sterringer, B. Aug. 6, 1890, D. M^rch 4, 
1891, aged 7 M. They live in Harrisburg. Margarett Steringer. B. Nov. 28, 1894. 

S. a, SUSAN ALVERXIA MARTIN. B. Nov. 3, 1868, M. to James Drexler 
Dec. 25, 1889. He was brakeman on ihe P. R. R. She is a member of the 
Methodist Church. Their post-ottice is Harrisburg. 

S. C, CHARLES ELMER MARTIN. B. Feb. 21, 1873, working at butcher- 
trade in Oberlin, Dauphin County, Pa. 

S. C, PEARL ESTELLA MARTIN. B. Jan. 27, 1875, living in Harrisburg, 
M. to John Spitter, Dec. 1895. She is good in music, an accomplished lady of 
noble character and a member of the Methodist Church. 

F. C, JOHN MUSSELMAN. B. Oct. 1826. M. to Margaret Musser in 1850. 
She died happy in the Lord in 1892, aged 63 Y. They are good Christians. Mr. 
Musselman is a very charitable man, and is trying to live so as to meet his friends 
in heaven. They are good farmers, expert in tilling the ground, and have met 
with a good degree of prosperity. They are members of the church, have several 
good farms, and live on their celebrated farm in Monroe Township, for which 
they paid $171 per acre. It is near Churchtown, Cumberland County, Pa. Post- 
office address, Allen, Cumberland County, Pa. Children: four dead and seven 
living. Married twice ; the last time to Mrs. Susan Gephart. 

S. C, JOHN AMOS MUSSELMAN. B. Oct. 13, 1853, D. 1854, aged 1 Y^ 

S. C, JOHN MUSSELMAN. B. June 22, 1870. (Dead.) 

S. C, DESSIA A. MUSSELMAN. B. Nov. 12, 1872, D. Jan. 12, 1873, aged 3 M. 

S. C, LAURA MUSSELMAN. B. 1863. D. 1867, aged 4 Y., 6 M. and 17 D. 

S. C, S. EMORY MUSSELMAN. B. Feb. 16, 1857. Single. 

S. C, ALFRED M. MUSSELMAN. B. March 2, 1867. Sinsle. 

John Musselman, Churchtown, Pa, 


S. C, ALICE L. MUSSELMAX. B. Feb. 27, 1865. Single. 

S. C, ANNA A. MUSSELMAN. M. to Rev. James C. Reeser in 1880. Chil- 
dren : Arthur L. Reeser and Roda E. Reeser. Rev. Reeser is preaching the 
everlasting gospel to the sinners of the world in order to bring them from dark- 
ness to light ; from sin and Satan unto God ; to prepare for the future home in 
heaven with all God's children. He was at Carlisle station ; now at Hagerstown. 

S. C, LIZZIE E. MUSSELMAX. B. Jan. 13, 1859. M. to Dr. James W. 
Young, of Williamsport. Died in the presence of Levi E. Martin, at the Harris- 
burg Hospital in: 1886, about four hours after her admission. The widow was 
keeping house for her father, near Churchtown ; now for her brother Emor\'. 

S. C, REV. SAMUEL OLIVER MUSSELMAN. M. to his first wife, Carrie 
Fulton, and moved to Kansas, where she died. He came back to Pennsylvania 
when he married his second wife, Annie Gensler. They had three children : 
Mabel, Florence and Roland Musselman. Rev. S. O. Musselman is also preaching 
the Word of God in order to bring sinners to righteousness and make preparation 
for a future home beyond this vale of tears, when they shall rest from their labor 
to meet with those friends who have gone before and are looking for us to come. 

S. C, MARY MUSSELMAN. M. to John Basehore in 1892. They have one 
son, Roy M. Basehore, B. 1893. They lived on the old mansion farm, near Hogs- 
town ; now on his father's farm, at Lutztown, Cumberland County. God is 
blessing them in life. 

F. C, ELIZABETH MUSSELMAN. B. April 24, 1828. M. to Jacob Garver 
on Dec. 24, 1846. He was B. Aug. 12, 1828, and now live in New Cumberland. 
They farmed forty years, worked hard, living an honest and Godly life. They 
have their troubles and trials, but with prayer they overcame them. Both are 
members of the Methodist Church. 

S. C, ANNA GARVER. B. June 20, 1861, D. Jan. 31, 1878, aged 17 Y. 

S. C, ELIZABETH GARVER. B. March 29, 1851. Single. 

S. C, JOHN M. GARVER. B. Feb. 25, 1853. M. to Lizzie Beck. They 
moved to Kansas, near Abiline, in 1884. Children : Violet May Garver, B. Dec. 
1877; Elsie Adella Garver, B. Aug. 1879: John J. W. Garver, B. Nov. 1881; 
Dessie Pearl Garver, B. June 1889. 

S. C, SAMUEL GARVER. B. April 1, 1864. M. to Anna Livingston. She 
D. in 1895. Mr. Garber lives in Kansas, near Abiline,. Children : Gula Founeta 
Garver, B. Dec. 1891. 

S. C, BENJAMIN GARVER. B. Sept. 8, 1866. M. to Anna Hartzler, in 
1890. He is in the spoke manufacturing business at New Cumberland. One 
daughter, Martha May Garver, B. March, 1892. 

S. C, MARY GARVER. B. Oct. 10, 1855. M. to Jeralda Hartman in 1881, 
and live at Mechanicsburg. Children : Eli Hartman, B. 1883 ; Mary Hartman, 
B 1885; Grace Hartman, B. 1837; Flossy Hartman, B. 1890. 

S. C, KATE GARVER. B. Aug. 23, 1849. M. to Charles Kutz, near Car- 
lisle. They are good Christians, following the paths of their parents, who are 
gone to glory. 

S. C, CARRIE GARVER. B. Aug. 23, 1872. M. to Edgar Suavely, Oct. 10, 
1893. He is from Sparrow Point. They live in Baltimore, and are members 
of the Methodist Church. 


P. C, ANNA IMUSSELMAN. B. May 10, 1831. M. to Wm. Senseman in 
1849; B. March 3, 1821, D. Jan. 31, 1896, aged 72 Y. They worked hard all their 
lives, and were honest in their dealings among men. They farmed many years, 
and now live at New Kingston station. He was a member of Lodge No. 598, I. O. 
(). F. 

Great-grandfather Senseman came from Germany. His grandfather was 
l)orn in Ephrata, Lancaster County. The children are: John, Joseph, William, 
Samuel, Dr. Daniel, Rebecca L. and Hannah. Joseph Senseman was William 
Senseman's grandfather. His father moved to Cumberland County about 1826 
He married Hannah Brenizer. Children : Joel, Mary, Salome and John. John 
died a young man. Hannah, Daniel and Adam Senseman are triplets. William 
Senseman, B. 1824. Children : 



S. C, MARY C. SENSEMAN. B. 1850. M. to James Gorman, Nov. 16, 1871. 
He D. Feb. 23, 1872, aged 23 Y. 11 M. and 15 D. One son. Mrs. Gorman is a 
good member of the Lutheran church at New Kingston. She is a dressmaker. 

S. G., JOHN A. SENSEMAN. B. 1853. M. to Mary Ellen Zeigler, June 22, 
1879. One daughter, Jane Dale Senseman, B. 1883. He is living in Carlisle, and 
is employed in the warehouse of the Cumberland Valley R. R. He has qualifi- 
cations to manage any business which may fall into his hands. He is treasurer 
and a trustee of Silver Spring Lodge, No. 598, I. O. O. F. In principle they are 
very kind-hearted, treating all persons with respect, and are members of the 
Lutheran Church. 

S. G., ANNE E. SENSE:\IAN. B. 1855. M. to William Sailor, Feb. 8, 1881. 
Mr. Sailor is the blacksmith at Hoguestown, Cumberland County, Pa. He does a 
good business and is very prosperous. He works with his father who has had 
a shop nearly 50 years. 

S. C, EMMA F. SENSEMAN. B. 1858. Single. 

S. G.. CLARA A. SENSEMAN. B. 1861. Single. 

S. G., WILLIAM THOMAS SENSEMAN. B. 1865. M. co Bertha Sheaffer, 
Jan. 18, 1894. He has one son, Thomas Sheaffer Senseman. He is a passenger 
conductor on the Cumberland Valley R. R., and lives in Harrisburg. 

S. G., BESSIE SENSEMAN. B. 1869. Single. She is a school teacher at 
New Kingston. 

F. G., CATHARINE MUSSELMAN. M. to Jacob Kast in 1851. She was B. 
Oct. 15, 1831, D. March 6, 1856, aged 24 Y., 4 M. and 19 D. She had two sons: 
Samuel Kast and John Kast. The father, Jacob Kast, was married the second 
time to Margaret Moore in 1859. Mr. Kast was B. Jan. 14, 1831, D. May 26, 1881, 
aged 50 Y. 

S. C., SAMUEL KAST. B. 1852. M. at New Kingston, in 1879, to Janeita 
Orris. He is now living in Harrisburg, and is employed as brakeman on the 
Middle Division, P. R. R. For some time in early life he was a farmer. Chil- 
dren : Elizabeth Kast; her son, Harry Ray Gates, B. Sept. 27, 1891. Anderson 
Kast, Harold Kast and Arra Devirdia Kast, B. Oct. 5, 1891. All are members of 
the church. 

S. C, JOHN M. KAST. B. Sept. 24, 1854, M. to Susan C. Shank, Nov. 5, 1878. 
They are good farmers and members of the church. Children : Clarence Jacob 
Kast, B. May 7, 1880 : David Kast, B. May 14, 1883 ; Anna Laura Kast, B. Aug. 
23, 1885 ; Levi Fulk Kast, B. June 29, 1892, D. 1895. 


F. C, SIMON MUSSELMAN. B. Dec. 17, ISU:!, M. to Emma Fra/.er, of York 
County, Pa. (S. C.) One child, D. Sept. 23, 1871. They were married in IStiS, 
and moved to Dayton, Ohio, in 1870. All are church members. They are happy 
in this life, and God is blessing them. 

X. UNCLE JOSEPH EBERLY. B. July 2.5, 171»9, D. 1820, aged 2(i Y., 9 M., 
29 D. M. first time to Mary Cram. She was B. Sept. 12, 180!!, D. April 29, 1823, 
aged 20 Y., 7 M., 13 D. One daughter to his first wife. 

F. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY'. B. 1820, 1). Nov. 18, 1850, aged 29 Y'., 7 M., 
19 D. She was M. to Wm. Houser, the great auctioneer. He lived in Mechanics- 
burg. Deceased 

Uncle Joseph Eberly M. the second time, Anna Zimmerman, of Lancaster 
County, Pa. One son, Moses Eberly The widow of Joseph Eberly M. the second 
time, David Coble. She D. Feb. 14, 1872, aged U Y., 5 M., 18 D. 

F. C, MOSES EBERLY'. B. 1825, M. to Elizabeth Brennaman. He was un- 
fortunate in the loss of his hand. They had their troubles in sickness and death. 
They are good, kind-hearted Christians. They have a good farm at Winding 
Hill, and live in Mechanicsburg, in the mansion house, which at one time be- 
longed to Uncle Benjamin Eberly. Children : 

S. C, JOSEPH ADAM EBERLY. M at Bowmansdale, to Miss Bishop. Chil- 
dren : Wilford, Emma, Florence, and Mervin Eberly. 

S. C, ELIZABETH CLARA EBERLY'. M. to John Moore, near Mount Joy. 
Children: John Moore, Jr., Elwin Moore, Florin Moore, and Martin Howard 

S. C, ANNA MARY EBERLY'. B. ISGC. D. Aug. 8, 1878, aged 17 Y' , 7 M., 8 
D. She was accidentally hurt by the threshing machine, which caused her death. 

S. C , ALICE EBERLY'. D. Oct. 3, 1850, aged 4 Y., 10 M., 27 D. 

XI. AUNT MARY EBERLY. B. Dec. 21, 1801, D. July 31, 1864, aged 02 Y., 
7 M., 10 D. She was M. to Daniel Coble, in 1818. He was B. r79(i. D. Aug. 22, 
1852, aged 58 Y'., 6 M., 12 D. He was strong in the politics of the Whig party. 
He was County Commissioner of Cumberland County, Pa., in 1846, and lived on 
the farm along the turnpike, below Hoguestown. The farm goes by his name to 
this day. It is now in possession of McCormick. They were hard working, good, 
honest farmers, very industrious, and members of the Mennonite Church. Both 
are buried in Grandfather Eberly's graveyard, on the Brandy Lane. 

F. ('., ELIZABETH COBLE. B. May 25, 1819, D. Feb. 20. 1887, aged 07 Y'., 
9 M., 1 D. She was M. to John Sadler, in 1837. He was B. Nov. 4, 1S09, D. July 
1, 1875, aged 65 Y'., 7 M., 27 D. Both are buried in the Chestnut Hill Cemetery. 
They were trying to serve the Lord in righteousness, having faith in God's word, 
and tried to do good to their fellow-men. Mr. Sadler was a successful farmer, 
lived in Upper Allen Township until 1858, when he located in Mechanicsburg. 
Through him a number of substantial residences were erected. He was connected 
with the old State Bank, that finally merged into the First National Bank, of which 
he was one of the original directors. The children of John and Elizabeth are : 

S. C, MARY' ELLEN SADLER B. Nov. 29, 1837. 

S. C, ANNETTA SADLER. B. Oct. 4, 1839, D. Dec. 14, 1847, aged 7 Y., 1 M. 


S. C, ELIZABETH C. SADLER. B. Oct. 11, 1841, D. Nov. 30. 1880, aged 38 
Y., 5 M., 19 D. 

S. C, HENRY A. SADLER. B. Aug. 19, 1844, D. Nov. 13, 1886, aged 41 Y., 
6 M., 24 D. 

F. C, ANNA COBLE. D. Nov. 29, 1829, aged 8 M. 2 D. 

F. C, DAVID COBLE. B. March 10, 1821, D. 1838, aged 17 Y., 5 M., 18 D. 

F. C, MARY COBLE. B. 1823, D. 1858, aged 35 Y. She was M. to Chambers 
Sample, in 1847. He was County Commissioner of Cumberland County, in 1861. 
He was again M. to the Widow Shelly, and D. in Dec, 1893. His children are : 

S. C, ANDERSON SAMPLE. B. 1855, M. to Julia Waters, in 1881. Chil- 
dren : Ina P. Sample, B. June 23, 1884; Wilson Chambers Sample, B. May 6, 1891. 

S. C, DANIEL C. SAMPLE. B. 1851. Living in Reading. 

S. C, SAMUEL SAMPLE. B. 1848, M. to Agnes Eckels. One daughter, 
Mary Sample. They are living in Steelton. 

S. C, MARY ELLEN SADLER. M. to Davis C. Singer, of Middletown, 
Pa. Mr. Singer was engaged in ditferent business pursuits in Mechanicsburg, Pa. 
He was the organizer of the present band, which bears his name. He D. June 3, 1871. 

3. C, ELIZABETH COBLE SADLER. M. to Thaddeus S. Comfort, Nov. 

26, 1863. Mr. Comfort was a successful dry goods merchant and continued the 
business for some years, until his health compelled him to dispose of it. He D. 
May 11, 1870, aged 33 Y., 4 M., 10 D. George S. Comfort, the surviving child, was 
M. to Laura E. Mumma, on t)ec. 6, 1888. Their children are : Frank M. and 
Helen Elizabeth Comfort. Mr. Comfort is engaged with a publishing house 
in Harrisburg. The widow, Elizabeth C. Comfort, was again M. to George W. 
Barnum, of Connecticut, June 28, 1876. Orvilie S. Barnum B. July 10, 1877, D. 
Feb. 17, 1893, aged 18 Y. 

F. C, REBECCA COBLE. B. July 31, 1837, I). 1860, aged 28 Y., M. to Dr. 
Wm. Harris. They are buried in the Harrisburg Cemetery. They lived in New 
Kingston, where Dr. Harris practiced medicine from 1854 to 1859. In 1860 he was 
appointed a Captain, raised a company of men about New Kingston for the 9th 
Pa. Cavalry. He was the grandson of John Harris, the founder and first settler 
of Harrisburg, in 1719. The Indians tied Mr. Harris to a mulberry tree to burn 
him but he was released by his colored man and Indians of another tribe, by giving 
them their desire in whiskey. He is buried on the bank of the Susquehanna river 
in Harrisburg. He died 1748. ^JLCLf^ ( (cit- / 1 ' t _^ ^ 

F. C, JOHN COBLE. B. Feb. 23, 1826, D. Sept. 12, 1867, aged 41 Y., 6 M., 
19 D., buried in Carlisle Cemeterj'. He was M. to Hetty Williams Cathcart, on Dec. 

27, 1855. She was B. Oct. 3, 1831. They farmed a number of years on a good 
farm, near Middlesex, and sold it to Jacob Albright for $180 per acre. He was a good 
man. They raised their family with religious training. 


S. C, JOHN CATHCART COBLE. B. Jan. 4, 1858. 

S. C, MARY LATIMORE COBLE. B. Aug. 17, 1859. M. on Dec. 28, 1893, 
to Duncan M. Graham, Esq., of Attorney General Hensel's Department. Mr. 
Graham is a son of the late Judge J. C. Graham, of Carlisle, and the bride is a 
granddaughter of Judge Latimore, of York, and also granddaughter of Daniel 
and Mary (Eberly) Coble. They have two children living in Carlisle. 

S. C, THOMAS LATIMORE COBLE. B. July 10, 1864. Alexander and 
Thomas Coble are at present interested in a cattle ranch in Wyoming. 

Peter Eberly. SmithviUe, Ohio, 


XII. UNCLE PETER EBERLY. The youngest sou of the large family, H. 
Nov. 13, 1805, D. Dec. 1, 1888, aged 83 Y., 19 D. He was M. to Sarah Brenizer in 
1827; she D. July 12, 1883, aged 76 Y., 5 M., 12 D. They lived in Cumberland 
County, Pa., until 1840, and than moved to Wayne County, Ohio, where he pur- 
chased two quarter sections of land nearly all covered with oak timber, upon 
which he and his family did much hard labor. He was very active physically, 
and possessed a good mind. His education was limited, but he was a good reader 
and always read the " New York Tribune " aloud to that part of his family who 
chose to listen. He read the "Church Advocate," or the "Christian Advocate," 
and always held family worship in the morning. He had a remarkable range of 
voice in singing, and his attachment to his wife and family was more than common, 
especially if any were ill or in distress. In politics he was a Whig, but afterward 
a Republican. He was industrious and economical, but was liberal in his dona- 
tions to churches, education and business enterprises, really more ihan he received 
thanks for. He distributed among his children, some years before he died, nearly 
$50,000. He lived to a ripe, old age, 83 Y. 

F. C, MOSES EBERLY. D. young in Cumberland County. 

F. C, DAVID EBERLY. B. Oct. 16, 1828, D, Feb. 1831, aged 2 Y., 3 M., 28 D. 

F. C, ELIZABETH EBERLY. B. Sept. 10, 1830, M. to Henry Speicher in 
1850. The mother and children were burned to death at the same time. 

S. C, JOHN MARION SPEICHER. B. Jan. 15, 1853, I). Nov. 9, 1861, aged 
8 Y., 10 M , 15 D. 

S. C, IDA M. SPEICHER. B. Sept. 25, 1859, D. Nov. 9, 1861, aged 2 Y., 1 
M., 14 D. 

Their mother 1). Nov. 9, 1861. On that night a very sad calamity happened to 
this little family by the explosion of an oil can. All three were burned to death. 
The accident happened at Bryan, Ohio, and they are V^uried at Smithville, Ohio. 
She was 31 Y., 1 M., 29 D. of age when burned to death. 

F. C, MARY ANN EBERLY. B. May 30, 1832, M. to John Funk Oct. 14, 
1849. They had seven children, as follows : 

S. C, SARAH JANE FUNK. B. July 21, 1850, M. to Rev. Simon P. Rietfer. 
Children : Roy Alton Rietfer, B. 1875, and Solomon Horner Rietfer, B. 1877. 

S. C, MARY EMMA FUNK. B. Nov. 11, 18.33, M. to Milton Kimmel Dec. 
25, 1877. Children: Isi Luceile Kimmel, B. Nov. 9, 1884, and Roy Kimmel, B. 1888. 

S. C, CLARA ALICE FUNK. B. July 12, 1857, 1). March 21, 1859, aged 2 Y. 

S. C, ELMER E. FUNK. B. Feb. 6, 18.56, D. June 13, 1886, aged 30 Y. He 
was M. to Emma Jane Newkirk Dec. 25, 1877. One son, Elmer Newkirk Funk, 
B. 1880. 

S. C, JOHN AVILLIS FUNK. B. March 19, 1862, M. to Emma Felgar March, 
1885. One daughter, Nora Funk, B. 1887. 

S. C, IDA THERESA FUNK. B. April 24, 1864, M. to Hiram Huntsberger. 
Two children. Both dead. 

S. C, EARL PETER FUNK. B. June 3, 1809 (single). 

F. C, CATHARINE EBERLY. B. Jan. 6, 1834, M. to Adam Brenner Feb. 
12, 1852. Three children : 

S. C, JOHN E. BRENNER. B. May 28, 18.54, M. to Amanda Otto. 

S. C, EMMA BRENNER. B. Jan. 13, 1856, M. to Ezra Runkle. 

S. C, ALVIN E. BRENNER. B. March 5, 1859, 1). Oct. 22, 1876, aged 17 Y 


F. ('., JOHN B. EBERLY. B. Feb. 5, 18:37, M. to J. Sapphira Moore. Two 
children : 

S. C, IS[ MOORE EBERLY. B. 1870. 

S. C, JOHN M. EBERLY. B. 1887. The mother D. Aug. 4, 1878. 

F, ('., PETER EBERLY. B. Jan. 183i), D. July 17, 1864. at Fort Ethan Allen, 
Va., while a soldier in the U. S. service, aged 25 Y., (i M., 12 D. 

F. C, LEVI B. EBERLY. B. March 25, 1841, M. to Margaret A. Allen July 
16, 1872. Three children : 

S. C, MYRA MAY EBERLY. B April 30, 1873. 


S. C, VIRGIL EBERLY. B. Jan. 4, 1885. 

F. C, SAMUEL EBERLY. B. April 11, 1843, M. to Hannah McFadden in 
1864. One child, died youn?, Aug. 5, 1869. 

S. C, CLYDE EBERLY. D. Sept. 2, 1876, aged 2 Y., 1) M., 27 D.^ 

S. C, BERTHA G. EBERLY. 1). Aug. 20, 1878, aged 4 M., 25 D. 

S. C, VERNA E. EBERLY. B. 1877, I). 1892, aged lo Y. 

S C, GRACE EBERLY. B. 1869, M. to William Roof in 1891. 

S. C, GLEN EBERLY. B. 1883. 

S. C, GLADE EBERLY. B. 1885. 

Samuel Eberly lives at present, near Wichita, Kansas. 

F. C, SARAH EBERLY. B. Feb. 6, 1845, M. to Cornelius J. Miller in 1868. 
Children : 

S. C, CORA E. MILLER. B. March 21, 1869. 

S. C, IRVIN M. MILLER. B. 1871. 

S. C, ROY MILLER. B. 1876. 

F. C, HENRY K. EBERLY. B, Nov. 15, 1848, M. to Flora Leyda in 1876. 
They live in Wichita, Kansas. 

F. C, ELLEN C. EBERLY. B. April 2, 1851, M. to George Leyda in 1872. 
(Two children dead and two living.) 

S. C, TRACY LEYDA. B. 1877. 

S. C, EARL LEYDA. B. 1883. 

Levi B, Eberly, Smithville, Ohio. 

JOHN i;hi:rlv and i>i;s(em>.\n t: 


At present Cousin John Eberly, at Spenser, Ohio, has the old Bible, printed 
in Alsace in 1535, at the West neighbor's, Levi B. Eberly, who was personally 
acquainted with Dr. Eberly, the author of "Eberle's Practice of ^Medicine" and. 
President of Ohio Medical College. This account was given fifty years ago, and 
the neighbor who gave it was married to an Eberly. Dr. Eberly was atone time in 
the Ohio Legislature. There were three brothers of that name settled in Lancaster 
County and Maryland. They claim relationship to some of the same name in 
Smithville, Ohio. Levi B. Eberly met some of the same name, who came from 
Lancaster County, at College, in Johnson County, Iowa. They were cousins of I'ncle 
Peter Eberly. In 1863 the best information was obtained from Old John Eberly, 
of Stark County, Ohio. In 1806 he was about 80 years old. He said the Lancaster 
Eberlys settled there after William Penn settled in Pennsylvania in 1()S2. Penn 
made a memorial treaty with the Indians. 

The ancestors came to this country on account of religious persecution. They 
came from Alsace, south of the Rhine. (This is all tradition, but reliable.) The 
old family still lives in Switzerland, and is quite large, so I have been told by per- 
sons acquainted there. I don't think our ancestors spoke the Swiss. When they 
came, they spoke the South German, the same unintiected German that gave rise 
to what is called Pennsylvania Dutch. 

Grandfather always wrote his name Eberle. but the rest wrote it Eberly. Since 
his time there are families and settlements in most of the states and Canada, but 
all can be traced to Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia. They belong to the 
Mennonites, were good citizens and industrious. Many of those non-resistant 
Mennonites were thrown into prison during the Revolutionary War. Levi B. 
Eberly said that his maternal great-grandmother used to ride to prison with her 
horse loaded with bread for the prisoners. Don't know if any of the Eberlys were 
among them. They were non-resistants. 

I have seen some from Maryland spell the name Everly. When I was at Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, in 1868, I heard of some Eberlys from a fellow-student. 

Peter Eberly, an old GJerman soldier, in 1820, when Robber Lewis from the 
mountain came to grandfather's house — the farm at Sporting Hill — and tried to 
bore through the door, was there, and with the old musket, started down stairs in a 
hurry in the dark. When near the bottom, he fell length-wise on the floor. The 
gun went off and the noise scared away the robber. 

It is now quite well established that there took place a prehistoric migration 
from the continent of Asia, going both east and west, as history, in more recent 
years, informs us. These early emigrants and their descendants kept on from 
time to time, moving in the same directions. The eastern emigrant of the Mon- 
golian type, settling the islands of vast waters east and south of Asia and of the 
continent of America. These eastern emigrants have failed to improve in culture, 
civilization, religion and in intellectual and physical development, while those. 
who went west, being of the southern Asiatic people for the most part, (a Caucasian 


type like the eastern Indians of the present time), have advanced lo the highest 
plane of civilization yet attained by any people of our planet. This western 
migration settled Western Asia, Northern Africa, nearly, if not all of Europe, and 
lodg afterwards North and South America. The Asiatics, found in America, were 
named Indians, because Columbus thought he had reached that country, but it is 
now quite certain that they are not Indians, as we are descendants of that ancient 
people. The western emigrants forming many nations, such as the Jews, Egyp- 
tians, Carthagenians, Greeks and Bomans, preserved for along time their ancestral 
race, and even improved their Oriental civilization. They were able to do this, 
because they did not intermarry with the Aborigines and yield their Eastern 
customs for those of the barbarians. But with the Celts and the Teutons it was 
otherwise. These two classes of Europeans were evidently the result of an Inter- 
• marriage between the Aborigines of Europe and the western emigrant from 
Southern Asia. The ancient Greeks and Romans thought the Germans, (Teutons) 
Gauls, Britans and Celts to have sprung from the soil. It is, however, quite 
certain that they were their half-brothers, and those of them, who had dark 
colored hair and dark complexion, full-brothers. 

The Aborigines of Europe must have been a blonde race of people, such as 
may be found yet existing in Circasiaand Georgia. (The writer takes the liberty 
of using the words Monde and brunette as usually applied to women to express his 
meaning with the fewest words.) If the Aborigines of Europe were not as above 
stated, whence came this varied admixture of every shade of color, of hair and 
eyes, and of general complexion, found only among Europeans and no where else. 

The Teutons (Germans), were described by Tacitus as a people of ruddy hair, 
light eyes, of large stature and of striking family resemblance. If this be true at 
that time, it is quite true that these people underwent a great change during the 
dark ages, subsequent to the downfall of the Roman Empire, for no such striking 
predominance of Xanthous blood exist among them at present, although the 
blonde element is quite prevalent. These Aborigines of Europe must have been 
very degraded and barbarians, for Kenophon describes those blonde Caucasians 
north of Greece as the most uncivilized barbarians he had ever met, doing every- 
thing in public that other people did in private. In the writer's opinion, there is 
little or no difference in the descent of the Teutons and Celts. In ancient times 
the Teutons possessed a large stature, but lower civilization than the Celt. The 
modern Englishman prides himself greatly on his descent, which was nothing 
more than a reunion of Teuton and Celt, The Teuton element of the English 
Channel, in this case, being tribes of pirates, but this union occurred in the South 
Rhine countries, at least five thousand years before ever an Englishman was born 
in Britain, and the so-called Pennsylvania Dutch are, for the most part, South 
German, and from the South Rhine country, and, in a great measure, the same 
ancestral descent as the English people, only a little more respectable as to their 
German ancestry, and a little more highly civilized as to their Celtic ancestry in 

Then to obtain the writer's view in brief, the so-called Caucasian race of the 
human family, as it exists in Europe and America, received its brunette elements 
from Asia, and the blonde elements from the Aborigines of Europe. No other 
view appears tenable and no other hypothesis will explain existing phenomena. 
If any one knows that the above hypothesis is correct then please tell us whence 
came your dark colored hair and black eyes, or whence your blue eyes and light 


It is the obiect of this brief sketch to enumerate a few facts of the history of 
a special family taking part in the western migration, their history, nationality 

JOHN EHEKLY AXU l)i:.S( KN DA N rs. 63 

occupation, etc. The n;ime Ebeiiy is very ancient. It being a customary cog- 
nomen among the Romans, but was spelled with an a and ap instead of e and b., 
as in the German. So the Latin verb aperio and the name of the month. Aprilis, 
(April) are from the same source, and the English derivatives : Aperient, Aperture, 
April. The name, however, is doubtless of German origin and as it was very 
fashionable among them in barbaric times to apply to people the names of animals 
instead of the paternal name, and this appears to have been appreciated by those thus 
named, viz. : the Saxon conquerors of Britain, Hengist, and Horsa, and indeed there 
was no animal known to the Germans during those barbaric days after which peo- 
ple were not named, nor was there any object however repulsive, which was not 
also used as a family name for people, viz. : Oswald. People are sometimes named 
after the place from which they came. Thus Aperantia, a country of Thessaly, from 
which may have come through our ancestors to Helvetia or Assiatic Switzerland, for 
it must be remembered that the ancient Swiss obtained their literature and civili- 
zation from Greece, as did the Germans. However, the name resulting h'om that 
source is hardly to be thought of as probable. That the name, if derived from a 
tribe or nation, then the ancient Eburones, a tribe of Belgic Gauls (where the. first 
authentic intermarrage of the Germans and Gauls took place), may be the source 
from which originated the name. If this was the origin, then it is quite probable 
that our ancestors were slaves of the Romans, sent to Italy. It was the custom of 
the Germans and also of the Belgic Gauls to keep large bodies of timber and into 
these forests they retreated, when an enemy appeared too powerful to ba suc- 
cessfully resisted. This greatly aroused the indignation of Julius Ctesar. He 
called them contemptible enemies. He gave this tribe over to promiscuous 
plunder for there he lost too many soldiers, who. in detached bodies, prompted by 
the desire of robbery and licentiousness, endeavored to drive them out from 
their forest and paludal regions. It is therefore certain that all who were captured 
were there either slain or sent to Rome as slaves. If this theory be correct, then 
they subsequently found their way north to Switzerland, for this country it is 
certain is the more modern home of our ancestors. There they dwell at present, 
(those who did not come to America). The more probably theory is that they 
were relations (ancient Swiss) and fortunate indeed were our ancestors to be able 
to return to their native land from that memorable exodus, for of 368,000 only 
110,000 were left to return home and nothing appears to have saved them from 
becoming Roman slaves, but their distinguished courage. Caesar wanted them to 
occupy their own country to prevent the Germans from crossing the Rhine, because 
they were constantly at war with the Germans. Our relations were not Germans 
in ancient times. They may be classed with the Gallic Celts, but they appeared 
to be also closely related to the Greeks and Romans, having less of the light com- 
plexioned European blood than the average Celt. 

The Eberlys, who emigrated to America, had moved from Switzerland to 
Alsace, a south Rhine country, and thence to America. This is traditional, 
but reliable. The exact time of this settlement in America we have not been able 
to obtain, but it took place in the early colonial days of Maryland, Pennsylvania, 
and Virginia, and to these colonies they went. Religiously, they were followers 
of Meno Simon. They came chiefly on account of religious persecution. Wm. 
Penn, who had been twice driven from home by his father and who had twice 
been to the continent, evidently made known his intention to establish a colony 
in the new world for those who were persecuted like himself, on account of re- 
ligious belief. Penn made his memorial treaty with the Indians in 1682. Some- 
time after this they came, but Indians were yet met within Lancaster County. 

My grandfather's old German Bible contains two dates, but not fully de- 


ciphered, referring to some calamities in 1705 and 1706. This was evidentlj^ writ- 
ten in Europe and in the Swiss dialect, but then there is no direct evidence that 
this Bible was brought with them. Father thought it was, but did not know for 
certain. The Bible was printed in 1536. It contains parchment leaves for family 
records, but no records nor a single owner's name. But then, it must be remem- 
bered, that to be the owner of a Bible was not very safe in those terrible days in 
Europe, and this absence of everything that would indicate who the owner was, 
has been intentional. Grandfather John Eberly, who was born in 1755, placed 
his family record in chis book, but for over 200 years before this, some persons 
owned this Bible, and yet no one dared even write his name in it. 

The Eberlys came to America, in the writer's opinion, sometime between 
1700 and 1720. The account given by Dr. Eberle, the author of "Eberle's Practice 
of Medicine," and once president of the Ohio Medical College, was as follows: 
There were three brothers who came from Europe. On settled in Pennsylvania, 
another In Maryland, and the third in Virginia. That he descended from the one 
who settled in Virginia is only true so far as the three settlements are concerned, 
for two of the Eberlys were unable to trace their relationship from a single family 
at the beginning of the present century. At present they may be found in nearly 
every state in the Union and Canada. The greater number, however, have sprung 
from the Pennsylvania Eberlys. The dark color of hair and eyes greatly pre- 
dominates in the family, and yet there was a visible mixture of Teutonic or Celtic 
blood, as often seen in the blue eyes and light-colored hair of children, the hair 
afterward becoming quite black. The blonde element must, however, be regarded 
as derived from maternal ancestry rather than the paternal, and we are safe in pic- 
turing' our paternal ancestors as people of dark hair and dark eyes and slightly^ 
or not all related lo the Germans, as is the case with a great part of the Pennsyl- 
vania Germans, even if German was their language. In America the name has 
been variously spelled, and sometimes changed ; many of the Maryland Eberlys 
spell it Everly, and the same is true of the Virginians. The name Oberly and 
Oberlin are dovibtless changed spellings. Grandfather spelled his name Eberle, 
and so did Dr. Eberly, of Virginia. This is the European name and spelling. 
The name ma.y be met with occasionally in France and Germany, but our ances- 
tors dwell in Switzerland, or along the country South of the Rhine. Grandfather 
was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 1755. He was married in 1776, 
and lived fifteen years in Lancaster County, when he moved to Cumberland 
County. He purchased the old General "Woods farm on the pike. Politically he 
was a Federalist. Religiously, a Mennonite. He was an extensive wheat farmer, 
and during Napoleon's wars realized good prices from the sale of grain, and was 
the means of giving his descendants a comfortable start. They were, mostly, a 
hard. working, industrious, economical, agricultural people. I own grandfather's 
desk. It is of a style made during the colonial days of Pennsylvania, a perfect 
duplicate of George Washington's secretary which was shown at the World's Fair, 
in Chicago, with the exception that it did not have the secret drawers that grand 
father's had. It is made so well that it is liitle the worse for having been in use 
one or two hundred years. Through it passed the money that with subsequent 
management has left us reasonably comfortable. Since his time, no authentic 
records can be drawn ; but if his friends and relatives, through Mr. Levi E. 
Martin, by whose request it has been written, deem it suitable for his book, by his 
iudgment, it ought to be accepted. Very respectfully, 

LEVI B. EBERLY, A. M., INI. 1). 


"We can remember back years ago, when a great many families moved from 
Lancaster County to Cumberland County. Such as the Zimmermans, Martins, 
Cobles, Musselmans, Snavelys, Rupps, Garvers, Hurshs, Hersheys, Neisleys, 
Mummas, Neidigs, Brennemans, Sadlers, Eberlys, Erbs, Bests, Bowmans, ITaucks, 
Sensemans, Hartmacs, and others. Also names of people who moved on lands 
where the English first settled, and improved them, were the Hustons, Clendenens, 
Eckels, Silvers, Hogues, Kings, Junkens, and Loudens. This great body of land 
is now in possession of the Hermans. So we see the Germans settled and reached 
up the valley in the last century along past Armstrong, on up the vallej' to Car- 
lisle, when this country sixty or seventy years ago, was three-fourths timber land. 
From 1770 to 1840, when the bank barns were built up and took the place of che 
old log barns covered with straw roofs, wheat was tramped out by horses walking 
around on the barn floor, and rye thrashed by the flail. We cut wheat with hand 
sickle, and later on with the grain cradle. We had no post fence, only rail worm 
fence. All hauling was done on wagons, drawn by horses, to Baltimore and Phila 
delphia. Store goods were hauled by wagons on the turnpike to Pittsburg. Stages 
ran by horses. Riding horse-back and walking was the way of traveling, slow 
though it was. Ohio was then the back woods of the west. In 1820 and 1830 
nothing was known of Chicago, no railroads, canals, matches, steam power, 
nor coal. Cooking was all done in pans over burning wood on the fire-hearth. 
Coals of fire were carried for miles, from one farm to another, in a crock, covered 
with ashes. Flint locks on guns; no muslin. Flax and hemp raised, pulled 
up by the roots, broken by a tiax brake and scutched ; spun and woven into linen 
by great work : all done by hand. In those days the women had the spinning 
wheel in place of the parlor organ and piano. Any man or woman who lived in 
early days, back seventy or eighty years up to 1894, have seen the greatest 
changes taken place in this people since the discovery of America. No such 
change has taken place in any age of the world. Emigration to the new world 
is one of the greatest that history can give an account of. There have been 
more improvements and inventions in machinery in the last century than in any 
other period since the creation. The increase of population and growth has been 
remarkable in this vast world of America. It was settled by Lutherans, German 
Reforms. Mennonites, and German Catholics, all from Germany. From England 
came the Presbyterians, Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Methodists, Irish 
Catholics, and Baptists. Since that time there has been in this country, more 
than 100 different persuasions of faith and belief in the word of God. We will also 
give some account of the ancestors of the Eberly name as 'they came to America : 
BartelEberle and Sebastian Eberle came in the ship Goodwill, David Crocket, 
Master, from Rotterdam, Sept. 11, 1728. 

Henrich Eberle, aged 10 years, and Barbara Eberle, aged 12 years, in the ship 
Samuel Hugh Percy, from Rotterdam, 1732. 

Eberhart Eberle and Peter Eberle in a ship of the same name, in 1736, 
Huronimus Eberle in the ship Charming Nancy, of London, Charles Stead- 
man, Master, from Rotterdam, Oct. 8, 1737. 

Johanas Eberle in the ship Dragon, Daniel Nicolas, Master, from Rotterdam, 
Portsmouth, England, Oct. 24, 1749. 

Adam Eberle in the ship Broth, Captain Mur, from Rotterdam, last from 
Cowas ; qualified Aug. 24, 1750. 

George Michael Eberle in the ship Two Brothers, Thomas Arnot, Captain, 
from Rotterdam, last from Cowas, Sept. 15, 1752. 

Jeremiah, John, Hans and Jacob Eberle in the ship Andrews, Captain James 
Abercombie,from Rotterdam, last from Plymouth,England; qualified Sept.23,1752. 


Johanas Tobias Eberle in tlie ship Snow Retting, Theopulas Barnes, Com- 
mander, from Rotterdam, Portsmouth, England, Oct. 16, 1752. 

John George Eberle in the ship Bawley, Captain John Grove, from Rotterdam, 
last from Plymouth, Oct. 23, 1752. 

George Christopher Eberle in the ship Brother William Mur, from Cowas. 
from Rotterdam, Sept. 26, 1753. 

Simon Eberle in the ship Bowman, Captain Arthur Tran, from Rotterdam, 
last from Cowas, Sept. 29, 1756. 

George Ludwic Eberle in the ship Snow Chance, Captain Lawrence, last from 
London, Nov. 10, 1750. 

John Jacob Eberle, latest from Charles Smith, from Cowas, Rotterdam, Oct. 
16, 1772. 

Frederick Eberle in the ship Montacue, William Pickle, from London, Dec. 
8, 1773. 

There was an old book of L D. Rupp, which only gave the account of two 
vessels of the Eberle name of the new addition of 30,000 names, and of fifteen 
ships, twenty names of Eberly, from 1728 to 1773. 

Grandfather Johannas Eberle, born in Lancaster County, 1755 which may run 
the ancestors a few generations earlier date, according to the history of the old 
Bible printed at Alsac, in 1535, now in possession of John Eberly, of Ohio, son of 
Uncle Peter Eberly. The Scandinavian Bible is difficult to read by one'not fami- 
liar with the dialect. It is also said that Henry Eberly, of Witchita, Kan., has 
the old money-box and trunk brought from Germany. The original German spells 
the name Eberle. At present the customary way of spelling the name is Eberly, 
and also according to the report by memory handed down by Uncle Joseph and 
Aunt Witmer, communicated by them, and remembered by the writer in early 
years. Also some events of the history in these days, such as the grandfather of 
Grandfather Johnnas Eberle, was born in Lancaster County in 1755. When his 
grandfather left Europe with his large family in the time of the Catholic persecu- 
tion, especially against Mennonites, as they were very meek, humble and non-re- 
sistant people. The family started to travel with their old Bible and their cloth- 
ing in a one-horse wagon. They came from the German Swiss by Alsace to Lorain 
and France on their journey for liberty. On the way the old fathier took sick and 
died. The sons of the family dug a grave by the road side and buried their fa'her. 
This is given by tradition. However, the mother and the children, in those 
trying times of sorrow and grief, journeyed to the seashore, crossed the deep 
waters to America, and very likely on the ship Dragon, Daniel Nicolus, master, 
from Rotterdam, Oct. 24. 1749. Johnnas Eberly, our great-grandfather, was then 
supposed to be about 18 years old. He is the father of our grandfather Johnnas 
Eberle, and it is also generally reported, the first-born son. In this connection 
he was called John. It took them six weeks to cross the ocean. In those days no 
person. ever thought of steam power. They arrived in Philadelphia. The sons 
were sold for a certain sum of money for months to work out their time among- 
people of Pennsylvania. This was to pay their passage. As slavery was then 
in all the states in colonial days, some friends in our day may think that it was a 
low place. Since that time the friends have grown to great eminence and wealth. 

Grandfather John Eberly was like the seed of Abraham. His descendants 
are very numerous being about 2,000. He bought a farm of 288 acres from 
General Woods. In the time of the earlier settlers, and also during the French 
and Indian war, several persons met on public business at General Woods'. One 
of the party went to Kritzer ; he was shot and scalped at Sporting Hill, by the 
Indians. He had been recently married and they sent for his wife. Mr. Silver, 

G. S. Comfort, Mechanicsburg, Pa, 


who was present at the time, said slie was almost distracted. Casting herself 
upon the dead body of her husband, she cried, Oh, oh, my husband, my husband- 
Mr. Silver, who communicated the facts to George Rupp says they took place 
about 1750. This was about 40 years before Eberly bought the farm. It has been 
about 143 vears (1894), since the murder was committed. 

However, as near as the writer can remember, when I was young, .Joseph 
Witmer related of great-grandfather, that he had five brothers, named Benjamin 
Henry, Samuel, Abraham , and Peter Eberly. Cousin Levi B. Eberly and Cousin 
Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., are the only two who can give the history of the an- 
cesters. The history given by the writer as far as our grandfather, John E. 
Eberly is correct. 

By all accounts grandfather's sister was married to Mr. Albert, and Albert's 
sister married Peter Wolfort, of York County. I also remember when my mother 
went to see others, occasionally visiting P. Wolfort's daughter, who was married 
to Martin Herman, who lives North of Kingston. The Hermans are also a noted 
family. Margaret Herman married Mr. Myers, and Marjara Herman married 
Rev. Lilly, of York ; he ministered there fifty years. Mary Jane Herman married 
Mr. Fleming, and lives in Carlisle. Peter Wolfort Herman, the celebrated farmer 
on the old homestead. Ex-judge Martin Herman, of Carlisle (also a good 
attorney-at-law. David Herman, killed by the Indians. There is also some 
account sent in by Cousin Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., giving some good infor- 
•mation. However, all the accounts as far back as Grandfather John Eberly, are 
correct. D. Eberly thinks the ancestors came into America on Sept. 27, 1727, in 
the ship James Goodwill, which brought over 53 Palatinates, with their families, 
in all about 200. Among them was Henrich Eberli, who came Aug. 11, 1732, in 
the ship Samuel of London. She contained lOtJ persons above sixteen years of 
age, and 34 under sixteen. On May 29, 173?, the ship Mercury arrived, with 61 
men, 51 women, 37 boys and 34 girls ; in all, 18G. Among these was Rudolf Aberly. 

Artemus Heicher, born Aug. 6, 1880. John Heicher, born Dec. 10, 1884. Levi 
F. Heicher has a good war record. He enlisted in Company C, 127th Regt., 
Pa. Vols., in August, 1862, for nine months. He fought at Fredericksburg and 
Chancellorsville, and was mustered out of service in May, 1863. On June 20 he 
again enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania Cavalry for six months. He was 
captured at Bath, W- Va., with twenty-one men. He escaped from Gen. Gilmore's 
men ; the rest all died. Was mustered out Jan. 6, 1864. Again enlisted Feb. 3, 
1864, in Company E, 12th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 
Fought under General Seigle, and took part in the battle of BoUiver Heights, 
and Sullivan Gap, July 1864. He took part in the battles of Fort Duncan, Browns- 
ville, Sandy Hook Valley, Monococy, Snicker's Gap, Winchester, July 21-24 ; and 
Martinsburg, Williamsport, Sheperardstown Ford, Falling Waters and Harper's 
Ferry. He was with Gen. Sheridan along the Shenandoah Valley as his dispatch. 
Fought at Fort Duncan, Cedar Creek, Smithfield, Peach Orchard, and Charh s- 
town in the Shenandoah Valley. He, therefore, by the providence of God, came 
out lucky, considering the many dangerous places through which he passed in 
his army career. They are now ending their days in the love of God as members 
of the German Reformed Church. They live at Steelton. The time that the 
Eberly family served in the army aggregates 130 years. 



Chestnut Hill Cemetery, Mechanieshurg. — This cemetery contains the following : 
Daniel Cocklin, Twenty-eighth Pa.A'^ols. ; Benjamin Haverstick, Rush Lancers; 
Robert Nelson, Battery L, Pa. Vols.; Joseph B. Mooney, Company H, Seventh Pa. 
Reserves; Henry Highly, Pa. Vols; Frederick Merklin, Company H, Ninth Pa. Cav.; 
John Vanard, Silver Grays; Captain Jacob Dorsheimer, Company A, One Hundred 
and Seventh Pa. Vols.; Dr. Alfred Day, Surgeon Pa. Vols.; Jacob F. Day, Company 
H, Seventh Pa. Reserve's ; Captain John Swartz, Company D, Seventy-eighth Pa. 
Vols.; John B. Coover, Surgeon Sixth Pa. Cav.; Lieutenant Benjamin D. Dull, 
Company D, Eighty-seventh Pa. Vols.; Andrew Martin, Twelfth Pa. Cav.; Ellis 
Fetrow, Company L Two Hundred and Eighth Pa. Vols.; David Smith, Company 
L Two Hundredth Pa.Vols.; Jacob M. Shipp, Company G, One Hundred and Ninety- 
ninth Pa. Vols.; George W. Singiser, Company A, Twentieth Pa. Cav.: Pierce 
Graybill, Company D, Twentieth Pa. Cav.; Lewis B. Fink, Company E, Two 
Hundredth Pa. Vols.; Joseph H. Christ, Twentieth Pa. Cav.; Oliver Morett, Com- 
pany B, Fourth Ind. Vols. ; Ira D. Jones, Company D, Twentieth Pa. Cav. ; Sergeant 
A. K. Bowman, Company D, Twentieth Pa. Cav. ; Henry Hershey, Pa. Vols. ; Joseph 
Ritner, Pa. Militia; George Guyer, Company G, Twenty-first Cav., Pa. Vols.; 
William Fiester, Company E, Two Hundredth Pa. Vols.; Clarence D. Rockafellow, 
Company D, Twentieth Pa. Cav. ; Moses Griffith, Company D, Twentieth Pa. Cav. : 
Jacob Snyder, Company F, First Pa. Militia ; Henry Zinn, Company L Two 
Hundredth Pa. Vols.; J. B. Brant, Company D, One Hundred and Twenty-seventh 
Pa. Vols.; Charles W. Klinedints, Company E, Tenth U. S. Infantry; Daniel 
Beitzel, Company E, Twentieth Pa. Vols.; Captain S. B. King, Company H, 
Seventh Pa. Reserves; John Griilith, Pa. Vols.; William Oswald, Pa. Militia; 
Lieutenant L B. Kauffman, Company H, Ninth Pa. Cav., Thaddeus S. Comfort, 
Co. F. First Pa. Militia. 

Lieut. George W. Comfort entered a company that was organized near Me- 
chanicsburg, about 18G1, under Joseph Tatten, as Captain; Jacob T. Zug as First 
Lieutenant, and George W. Comfort as Second Lieutenant. This company was 
known as Company H, of the Seventh Pa. Reserves, and passed through a number 
of battles. Along the Rappahannock Mr. Zug was wounded and Mr. Comfort was 
promoted to First Lieutenant and later was killed in the Battle of Fredericksburg, 
Dec. 13, 1863. In the battle of Fredericksburg, the charge of the Seventh Pa. 
Reserves up Mary's Heights, against the enemy's rifle pits, mowed wide gaps in 
our ranks, and it was in this deadly fire of grape and canister that our young 
friend, Lieut. George W. Comfort, fell mortally wounded, and, being assisted 
by his comrade. Will Eichelberger, formerly known as "Hicks," in placing his 
knapsack under his head, said, "I'm dying," was left forever on a southern 
battlefield. Our forces were then on the retreat. — From a Comrade's Diary. 


Kutz Cemetery, near Middlesex.— l^evi Kutz, Companv A, One Hundred and First 
Regiment Pa. Vols.; B. W. Gill, Company F, Seventeenth Pa. Oav.; Lieutenant 
I. B. Green, Seventeenth Pa. Cav.; John McBride, Two Hundred and First Pa. 
Vols.; B, D. Kutz, Two Hundred and First Pa. Vols. 

Chestnut Hill Cme^er?/.— Samuel Bates, Pa. Vols.; :\ratthew Thomson, Pa. Vols. : 
B. K. Longanecker, Pa. Vols.; G. S. Shunk, Pa. Vols.; John S. Rupp, Pa. Vols.; M. 
B. Staymon, Pa. Vols.; J. M. Miller, Pa. Vols.; J. H. Marion, Pa. Vols. 

Neio Kingston Cemeteri/.—An(\vew Armstrong, Pa. Vols.; Wm. Heagy, Pa. Vols.: 
Peter Weaver, Pa. Vols.; Henry Leas, Pa. Vols.; Millard Lay, Pa. Vols.'; Michael 
ShoU, Pa. Vols.; Simon Hinkle, Pa. Vols. 

Churchtown Cemetery.— Colonel H. L Zinn, One Hundred and Thirtieth Pa. 
Vols.; JohnW. Mountz, One Hundred and First Pa. Vols. ; John T. Leib, Company 
A, Two Hundred and Ninth Pa. Vols.; John A, Plank, Company I, One Hundred 
and Ninety-fifth Pa. Vols.; John W. Buttorf, Company \, Fifteenth Pa. Cav.; 
Lieutenant Wm. W. A. S. Givler, One Hundred and Thirtieth Pa. Vols.; Wm. 
Sheaffer, One Hundred and Ninth Pa. Vols.; David F. Horner, Company F, Thir- 
teenth Pa. Cav.: Thomas J. Horner, Company A, Two Hundred and Ninth Pa. 
Vols.; Charles W. Breckbill, Pa. Vols.; Gideon Kutz, Company A, Two Hundred 
and Ninth Pa. Vols.; Henry Krall, Pa. Vols.; Henry Moyer, Pa. Vols.; W. S. Givler, 
Sixth Pa. Vols.; John Zinn, War of 1812; Frank G. Menear, Company I, Two 
Hundredth Pa. Vols.; Frank L. Goodyear, Company A, One Hundred and First 
Pa. Vols.: John Smith, Pa. Vols.; John Bishop, Pa. Vols. 

Silver Spring Cemetery.— Ma. j or T. B. Bryson, First Pa. Mil.; Sergeant E. B. 
Brant, Thirty-tirst Pa. Mil.: John Zinn, War of 1812. 

Bet7iel Church Graveyard at Oood i7ope.— Samuel Billet, Company I, Two Hun- 
dredth Pa. Vols.; Benjamin Erb, Mexican and late war. 

Andersontown Church Or a veyard. — Henry Cromlich, One Hundred and Sixty- 
sixth Pa.; John Cline, Pa. Vols. 

Methodist Cemetery.— George Smith, Company H, Seventh Pa. Reserves ; John 
Douglas, War of 1812. 

Dunkard Church Yard.—iohn Hyde, Pa. Vols.; Charles Hoover, Company E, 
Pa. Vols.; Levi E. Smith, Company D, Twentieth Pa. Cav.; George Walker, Com- 
pany H, Two Hundred and Second Pa. Vols. 

Trindli Spring Ceynetery.— John G. Rohn, Pa. Vols.; Henry Zeigler Company 
G, One Hundred and Twenth-eighth Pa. Vols.; George Schwartz, Two Hundredth 
Pa. Vols. ; Michael Hoover, Revolutionary War; James Neebitt, War of 1812; Charles 
Sponsler, Pa. Vols. ; Peter Phillips, War of 1812; Abraham Myers.Warof 1812; Lieut. 
Andrew Emminger, War of 1812; David H. Cromlick, Mexican War; Abraham 
Myers, Pa. Vols.; Lewis Zearing, Jr., Pa. Vols.; George Troutwine, WaroflS12; 
David Senseman, Twenty-seventh 111. Vols.; George H. Coover, Seventy-eighth 
Pa. Vols.; John Christ, Company C, One Hundred and Thirtieth Pa. Vols., Josiah 
Grill, Company E, Sixth Pa. Reserves ; George S. Morrett, Company E, U. S. Ar- 
tillery, Second Division ; William M. Barkey, Company H, One Hundred and 
Forty-ninth Pa. Vols.; John Hood, Company H, Seventh Reserves; Charles Bea- 
verson. Company E, Eighty-seventh Pa. ; William Hinney, War of 1812 ; John Sad- 
ler, War of 1812; Mathias Sailor, War of 1812; Andrew Brownawell, One Hundred and 
Thirtieth Pa. Vols.; A. H. Hamilton, Pa. Vols.; Jacob Hinkle, War of 1812; Henry 
Spidle, U. S. Regulars; Levi Moler, Ninety-fifth Pa. Vols.; Edward Mitchell, 


Company E, Twenty -first Pa. Cav.; David Capp. War of 1S12 ; Peter Rockafel- 
low, War of 18i2; William Hall, Company G, Twenty-ninth Pa. Vols.; Christian 
Brenneman, Company E, Eighty-seventh Pa. Vols.; W. M. Armstrong, War of 
1S12 ; Edward Beaverson, Company E, Eighty-seventh Pa. Vols. 

St. John's Cemetery.— Til- . M. B. Mosser, surgeon Fourth U. S. Artillery ; Wil- 
liam Sheely, Company D, Twenty Pa. Cav.; Joseph B. Suavely, Company H, One 
Hundred and Thirtieth Pa. Vols.; Phillip Banner, Two Hundredth Pa. Vols.; 
John C. Rupp, Company I, One Hundred and Ninety-fifth Pa. Vols.; Jacob A. 
Basehore, Company B, One Hundred and Forty-seventh Pa. Vols.; D. I. Carmony, 
Company F, Pa. Vols.; Joseph Bates, Pa Vols.; Henry Bretz, Pa. Vols ; Michael 
Darr, Pa. Vols.; John H. Gleim, Pa. Vols ; George Weise, Pa. Vols.; George W. 
Titzel, Pa. Vols.; W. H. Shettle, Pa. Vols.: William Ooller, Pa. Vols ; John Irvin, 
Pa. Vols.; John Eslinger, Pa. Vols.; A. D. Kaufman, Company I, One Hundred 
and Ninety-fifth Pa. Vols. 

Longsdorf's C'ewie/m/.— Ellis Slonaker, three years. Pa. Reserves ; John Uler, 
Pa. Vols.; Keller Bobb. Seventh Pa. Reserves; Martin E Herman, Ninth Pa. 

TI. B. Shiremanstomi Cemetery.— John Steigleman, First Pa. Reserves ; James 
Neiman, Pa. Vols ; Joseph Brown, Pa. Vols ; John Miller, Pa. Vols. 

Mechanicshurg Cemetery.— GQovge A. Uhler. Company H, Seventh Pa. Re 

Windi7ig Hill Cemettry.— J ncoh King, Company I, Seventh Pa. Cav.; A, J. 
Rich, Company I, One Hundred and Ninety-fifty Pa. Vols. 

Filey's Church Yard.— George W. Martin, Company H, One Hundred and 
Ninety-fourth Pa. Vols.; Winfield Haymaker, Company H, Thirty-sixth Pa. Vols.: 
John Yost, Company I, Two Hundredth Pa. Vols.; David Hostler, Company B, 
One Hundred and Thirtieth Pa. Vols.: George A. Ginter, Company H, One Hun- 
dred and Sixty-sixth Pa. Vols.; George Brougher, Company C, One Hundred and 
Sixty-sixth Pa. Vols.; George, Company I, Twentieth Pa. Vols.; Joseph Rule- 
Twenty-first Pa. Veteran Vols : Amos J. Fortney, Company D, Third Pa. Artillary. 

Mount Pleasant Churchyard. — Joseph Lambert, Company I, Two Hundredth 
Pa. Vols.; Van B. Danner, Compan}' H, Eighty- seventh Pa. Vols.; Peter Gard- 
ner, Company I, Two Hundredth Pa. Vols.; Joseph Brown, Pa. Vols. 

St Paul Churchyard, Silver Spring Township. — George Horner, Pa. Vols.; John 
Gour, Pa. Vols.; Michael Shumberger, War of 1813; Jacob Karns, War of 1812; 
Edward Baltazer, War of 1812. 

Oraveyard at Liisburn. — William Nailer, War of 1812 ; Isaac N. Nailer, War of 
1812; John B. Nailer, War of 1812: Henry C. Bricker, War of 1812; David Nel- 
son Mexican War. 

Salem Churchyard at the Turnpiike. — John D. Cain, Twentieth Pa. Cavalry, Co. 
D ; Joseph Ready, Pa. Vols. ; Peter Low, Pa. Vols. ; David Conrad, Pa. Vols; 
John Diviney, Pa. Vols. 

Slate Hill Cemetery.— V>&\\d Eberly, 1812. 

Note. Of the Erbs, Abraham Erb was one of the greatest and best mechanics 
of his day. He manufactured clocks, and traveled over the country once a year 
to keep clocks in order. He carried his book of 4,000 names with him. The 


father, Abram, and his son, Abraham, made the first hirge clock in the Court 
House at Cai lisle, Cumberland County. The Court House was burnt down on 
Jan. 17, 1844. In two j^ears, in 1846, it was re built. On the same night the clock 
was started b}' A. B. Erb. He was captain of the Pittsburg Guards, in 18G2, under 
General Couch. Bishop Erb, of the U. B. Church, baptized Rev. John Wine- 
brenner by immersion in the Susquehanna River, at Harrisburg, about 1826, at 
the time of his reformation and regeneration. About that time the denomination 
called the Church of God started in the country. 

Tliese men, Samuel and Abraham Eberly, lived among us in Cumberland 
County. They were relatives, not of Grandfather John Eberly, but of his uncles, 
who were cousins to Grandfather Abraham Eberly, married to Anna Zell, in 1799, 
and lived in their early days east of Carlisle. Slie died May 27, 1853, aged 85 
years. She had three children, remembered by the writer, who settled her estate. 
These children were Catharine, John and Daniel Ebe"rly. Abraham Eberly, 
learned the tanner trade in Carlisle. He was married in Philadelphia. While 
there he became a Quaker, and moved to Jay County, Indiana, with his family. 
Catharine Eberly was married to Henry Ackerman in 1821, living then near 
Hoguestown. Her children are: Abraham Ackerman, the saddler, married to Miss 
Zearing, in Shiremanstown, having no children ; he died in 1893, aged 69 years. 
Elizabeth Ackerman was married to Mr. Yearick, near Carlisle; she is dead. 
Anna Ackerman was married to Mr. Darr ; both are dead : have some children. 
Young Daniel Ackerman, in the West, is also dead. Mr. Henry Ackerman again 
married to Sarah Hinkle in 1810. She is living in Plainfield in old age. John 
Eberly was born in 1803, and was never married. His father died young. He 
was raised by Joseph Wi-tmer. In 1832 he came to Samuel Musselman, and lived 
with them 00 years. He was a member of the Evangelical Association at Kings- 
ton for 51 years, and is buried in Kingston Cemetery. Before Grandfather Mus- 
selman died, in 1867, he built a good house in Kingston. He lived with Widow 
Musselman and her two daughters of the Suavely family until April 4, 1893, at 
which time he died, at the good old age of 89 years and 10 months. He willed 
his property to Susan Suavely and Mrs. Mary Haverstick as a reward for main- 
taining him, and the trouble to them for the last twenty-six years of his life. 

This Samuel Eberly had sons. We can only give some few outlines of these : 
Samuel, Peter, John, Michael, Joseph and Henry. As near as report shows, 
Abraham was from the family of old Alexander Eberly. Samuel Eberly lived 
above Mechanicsburg in those early days. He was called the threshing-machine 
Eberly, and was the first man that ever attempted in olden times to make the Pot- 
ter patent, made in 1828. He also made the stationary threshing-machines, used 
in barns of large dimensions, in Cumberland County. He died in 1845, aged 57 
years. His son, Samuel, was also in the machine business at Hauck's Shops years 
ago. Henry Eberly was married to Miss Senseman. Joseph Eberly was married 
to Sarah Zeigler, and now lives in Perry County. One of their sons, William 
Eberly, of Steelton, was badly burned about 1882, and taken to Harrisburg Hos- 
pital for eleven weeks. He spoke of a good nurse, whose name was Levi E. Martin, 
taking care of him. One of Samuel Eberly's daughters was married to Isaac 
Brenneman, of Carlisle. Peter Eberly had a son, Alexander Eberly, of Altoona. 
His son, William Eberly, is Superintendent of the Harrisburg P. R. R. Car Shops. 
John Eberly had one son, Samuel Eberly, a tinner in Harrisburg. He was a good 
soldier in the late rebellion and fought bravely for the country. There is one son 
about Mechanicsburg, John Eberly, married to Catharine Rupp, who is a second 
cousin of the Eberly family. 

A case of the olden times was related by Mr. Armstrong to Levi E. Martin, 


remembered by him, of Sarah Clark, born 17()6, and living with Mr. Douglas. She 
fell in love with him. He went to see Anna Crothers, who lived on the north side 
of Hog's Run. She put arsenic in leaven, killing John Crothers and wife. Andrew, 
the son, was crippled for life. Anna got over the poison. Sarah Clark w^as hung 
in 1798. The brother then sherilfed the Crothers, who lived near Hoguestown. 

In 1780 Warner killed Mr. Musselman for some gold in a bag. He came from 
Lancaster County, went above Carlisle, then above Kingston, then along the road, 
and passed through the cemetery. The outline of a man was cut upon a large 
decayed oak tree in the cemetery. Fearing this tree might fall upon the tomb- 
stones, it was cut down in 1850. One man who helped to cut and remove the tree, 
Levi E. Martin, still survives. Mr. Martin has been around here since 1827. When 
the land for the cemetery was given by Joseph Kanaga in 1843, it was his request 
that lie be buried under the large white oal-c tree. This request was granted by 
his son, Henry Kanaga. Warner was hung for the murder of Musselman in 1780. 
In those days the country was thinl}' settled, being most all woodland. The farm 
is now in possession of Abraham Bowman. In 1798 Edward Donnally come from 
Ireland, and in 1807, as related by Martin Cooper, who was at the execution, he 
killed his wife with a mowing scythe and burned her. The children were fastened 
in the stable. The Sheriff and a man by the name of Homwood pretended to help 
grind the scythe and then took it. They had a great struggle, in which Donnally 
spit in the Sheriff's face. He was hung Feb. 8, 1808. It snowed very fast that day. 
The house in which the murder was committed, stood on 'Squire Urie's farm, 
above Kingstown, along the ridge, south of the Cumberland Valley Railroad, near 
where the farm buildings now stand. Levi E. Martin remembers where the old 
house stood until it rotted down. The farm is now in possession of Lewis Delone, 
of Ha"rri2burg. 

In early days one drink of whiskey cost 6i cents or a fi' penny bit, and 12+ 
cents was an eleven-penny-bit. Some of the money was English. Whiskey was 
made better those days than now, and it took more to kill a man then by drunken 
fits. Now a few gallons drank by and by will ffive men mania portu, or delirium 
tremens, by which they die. At present it is the greatest money-making business 
in the country, and is the cause of more evil than anything else. 

The Harrisburg Susquehanna River bridge, built in sections and divided by 
Bridge Island, late Foster, Hargestit Westbrook's, was originally built between 1813 
to 1817, by Theodore Burr, a contractor and builder of note in his day, who erected 
the oddly-shaped bridge on the Burr patent plan. In 1846 the original camel-back 
on the Harrisburg side of the island was swept away by the spring flood. It was 
rebuilt the following year by Messrs. Updegrove, Holeman & Simon, on a 
straight line on the present plan of the bridge. The straight part, between the 
island and the city, built by the contractors referred to, was destroyed by fire. 
Several years after its erection, about 1850, while the men were placing the false 
works or trestles in position near the abutment, on the Harrisburg side, William 
Root, a strong, healthy, middle-age 1 man, who carried on the tinning business on 
the south side of Market Street, near River Avenue, went out on the scaffolding 
one day and, tailing through, struck one of the braces with his chest aud received 
injuries from which he died, the only accident worthy of note when the Upde- 
grove, Holeman & Simon party erected their bridge. The Cumberland Valley 
Railroad bridge has been rebuilt four times. The first was a wooden structure, 
with a roof of shingles, and mule teams tugged the trains across the river. Trains 
came from the other side on the gravity principle and their speed was regulated 
by the brakes of the cars. After a number of accidents had taken place, and the 
killing of mule teams, the roof was removed. The original bridge was destroyed 


by fire in 1844, and rebuilt as a lattice arched bridge, constructed from sawed 
timber, pinned together with stout oaken pins. There was very little iron used 
in its construction. The contractor was Kirkbride, of Ohio. It was used for a 
toll bridge. The trains ran over the upper portion of it. Light locomotives like 
the diminutive Jenny Lind, the Enterprise and other small engines were used 
for passenger travel, and the Tiger, Leopard and other engines of a heavier 
draft, took freight westward from Bridgeport to Chambersburg. The last wooden 
bridge was a strong and durable one, but the Cumberland Valley Railroad 
Company in 1888, conceived the idea rebuilding the piers and placing the strong 
iron bridge, which now spans the river at Front and Mulberry Streets, in position 
and over which the heaviest description of freight and passenger trains, tugged by 
powerful engines running at rapid speed without the least injury to the substan- 
tial iron superstructure, pass daily. At the building of the lattice bridge, there 
was a large force of carpenters and laborers at work, and but few accidents 

The breaking of a knotty two-inch pine plank one day threw Ben Camp, the 
foreman, to the gravelly beach, near the island, injuring his spine severely, from 
which injury he remained in his room, at Bomgardner's White Swan Hotel, for 
six weeks, while the writer of this, who stood on the same plank, jumped with the 
agility of a cat, for an iron rod fastened to a beam a. few feet below the trestle 
work, and held fast to it until he was rescued, his white plug hat floating down 
the river until the overboard boy rescued it with his boat. When the third or 
strong overhead bridge was under construction, trains passed to and fro without 
any interruption, and only one accident of note took place — the falling overboard 
of a man named Miller, who lost his balance and went down on the up-river side, 
striking a rock with his head, fracturing the skull and causing his death almost 
instantaneously. In this connection it may be proper to relate that, at the burn- 
ing of the original Cumberland Valley Railroad bridge, the firemen came to the 
rescue, and while endeavoring to save several spans on the Harrisburg shore, a 
number of people were precipitated into the river and seriously hurt, a person 
named DeMors instantly killed. 



Envelopes were flrst used in 1839. . . .Anaesthesia were discovered in 1844. . .The 
first steel pen was made in 1830. . . The first air pump was made in 1654. . . .The 
first Lucifer match was made in 1820. .. .Mohammed was born at Mecca about 
570. . . .The first iron steamship was built in 1830. . . .The first balloon ascent was 
made in 1798. . . .The first steelplate was discovered in 1830. . . .Coaches were first 

used in England in 1569 The first horse railroad was built in 1826-27 The 

Franciscans arrived in England in 1824. . , .The first steamboat plied the Hudson 
in 1807. . . .The entire Hebrew Bible was printed in 1488. . . .Ships were first cop- 
per-bottomed in 1783. . . .Gold was first discovered in California in 1848. . . .Chris- 
topher Columbus discovered America on Fridaj', Oct. 12, 1492. He made four 
trips. He died May 20, 1506, aged about 70 years. . . .The first telescope was used 
in England in 1608. . . .Christianity was introduced into Japan in 1549. . . .The first 
watches were made at Nuremburg in 1477.... The first saw-maker's anvil was 
brought to America in 1819. . . .The first almanac was printed by George Von Fur- 
baugh in 1460 The first newspaper advertisement appeared in 1752 Percus- 
sion caps were used in the United States Army in 1830 The first use of a 

locomotive in this country was in 1829. . . .The first Union flag was unfurled Jan. 
1, 1776, over the camp at Cambridge, Mass. It had thirteen stripes of white and red, 
and retained the English cross in one corner. . . .In 1794 the first turnpike road 
was made between Lancaster and Philadelphia. It was sixty-two miles long, 
and was so called because it was required to be so hard that a pike could not be 
driven through it. From 1812 to 1818 the pike was finished to Pittsburg. . . .Om- 
nibuses were first introduced in New York in 1830. . . .Kerosene oil was first used 
for lighting purpose in 1826. . . .The first copper cent was coined in New Haven 
in 1687. . . .The first glass factory built in the United States was in 1780. . . .The 
first printing prfss in the United States was worked in 1635. . . .The first carding 
niachine was worked by Eliphalet Korne in 1811 Glass windows were first intro- 
duced in England in the eighth century. . . .The first steam engine on this conti- 
nent was brought from England in 1753.... The first complete sewing machine 
was patented by Elias Howe, Jr., in 1846. . . .The first Society for promotion of 
Christian knowledge was originated in 1698. . . .The first prayer book of Edward 
YI. came into use bj' authority of Parliament, on Whit Sunday, in 1549. . . .The 
first temperance society in this countrj"^ was organized in Saratoga County, N. Y., 
in March, 1808. . . .The first coach in Scotland was brought thither in 1561, when 
Queen Mary came from France. It belonged to Alexander Lord Seaton. . . .The 
first daily newspaper appeared in 1702.... The first newspaper printed in the 
United States was published in Boston, Sept. 25, 1790. . . .The first society for the 
exclusive purpose of circulating the Bible was organized in 1805, under the name 
of the British and Foreign Bible Society. . . .The first telegraphic instrument was 
successfully operated by S. F. B. Morse, the inventor, in 1835, though its utility 
was not demonstrated to the world until 1842. 


The Great Earthquakes in Years Past and Property Destroyed 
"WITH Great Loss of Lives. 

In 1742 there was an a\vful earthquake in Syria, Palestine and Asia ; more 
than 500 towns were destroyed and the loss of life surpassed all calculation. Li 
1137, Catania, in Sicily, was overturned, and over 15.000 persons were buried in 
the ruins. In 1159, in Syria, etc., 20,000 perished. In 1208, in Cicilia, 50,000 per- 
ished. On Dec. 5, 1455, at Naples, 40,000 perished. On Feb. 20, 150!), at Lisbon, 
1,500 houses were destroyed and 30,000 persons were buried in the ruins : several 
n-eiojhborinp: towns were engulfed. On July 2, 1596, in Japan, several cities were 
made ruins, and thousands perished. On April 30, 1620, in Naples, 30 towns and 
villages were ruined ; 70.000 lives lost. On April 6, 1067, Ragusa was ruined ; 
5,000 persons perished. In 1667, at Shamaki, lasting three months, 80,010 per- 
ished. April 14, 1762, over 1,500 lives were destroyed at Rimini. On June 7, 1692, 
on the Island of Jamaica occurred an earthquake which totally destroyed Port 
Royal, the houses of which were engulfed 40 fathoms deep ; 3,000 perished. On 
Sept. 1, 1691, on the Island of Sicily, which overturned 54 cities and towns, and 300 
villages of Catania and its 100,000 lives were lost ; of its 18,000 inhabitants not a 
traceremained. On Feb. 2, 1703, Aquila, in Italy, in ruins; 5,000 perished. In 1703, 
Jeddo, Japan, ruined; 200,000 perished. On Nov. 8, 1716, in the Abruzzi; 15,000per- 
ished. In May and June, 1716, at Algiers, 20,000 perished. On Sept. 1, 1726, Paler- 
mo was nearly destroyed; 6,000 lives lost. OnNov. 30, 1731, 100 000 people swallowed 
up at Pekin, China. On Nov. 29, 1732, at Naples, 1,940 perished. On Oct. 28, 1746, 
Lima and Callao were demolished, and 18,000 persons were buried in the ruins. 
In Sept., 1754, at Grand Cairo, half the houses and 40,000 persons were swallowed 
up. On June 7, 1755, Kascham, N. Persia, was destroyed, and 40,000 persons 
perished. On Nov. 1, 1700, the great earthquake at Lisbon took place, and in 
eight minutes most of the houses and upwards of 50,000 inhabitants were swal- 
lowed up and whole streets buried ; the cities Columbia, Operto and Braga were 
wholly overturned ; St. Malaga and L'bus suft'ered dreadfully ; in Spain a large 
portion of Malaga became ruins, one-half of Fez, in Morocco, was destroyed, and 
more than 12 000 Arabs perished there ; about half the Island of Madeira became 
waste, and 2,000 houses on the Island of Mitylene, in the Archipelago, was over- 
thrown in this awful earthquake, which extended 5,000 miles, reaching up as far 
as Scotland. On Oct. 30, 1759, in Syria, extending over 10,003 square miles, in 
Balbe, destroying 20,000. In 1780, at Taurn, 15,000 houses were thrown down 
and multitudes buried. On July 23, 1784, Ezinghean, near Erziroum, was 
destroyed, and 5,000 persons buried in its ruins. On Feb. 4, 1797, the whole 
country between Santa Fe and Panama was destroyed, including Cuzco and 
Quito, burying 40,000 people in one second. On July 26, 1805, at Froselone, 
Naples, 6,000 lives were lost. On March 16, 1812, at Caraccas, 12,000 perished. 
On June 16, 1819. a severe earthquake took place throughout India, when the 
District of Hutch sunk ; 2,000 persons perished. In 1822 Aleppo was destroyed ; 
over 20,000 persons perished ; there were shocks from Aug. 10 to 13, and Sept. 5. 
On March 10, 1829, in Spain, Mercia and numerous villages were devastated ; 
6,000 persons perished. On May 20 and 27, 1830, at Canton and vicinity: about 
6,000 persons perished. On Feb. 14, 1846, at Teruate, the island was made a waste 
and 2,000 lives lost. On May 7, 1842, Cape Hayton, St. Domingo, two-thirds of the 
town was destroyed, and between 4 000 and 5,000 lives were lost. On Aug, 14, 
1851, in Southern Italy, Melfi was almost laid in ruins, and 14,000 lives lost. On 
March 2, 1856, at the Island of Great Sangar, one of the Moluccas, an earthquake 
and volcanic eruption took place through which nearly 3,000 lives were lost. On 


Sept. 16, 1857. in Calabria, Montemurro was destroyed, and about 10,000 lives lost. 
On March 2 J, 1859, at Quito, about 5,000 persons were killed and an immense 
amount of property destroyed. On March 20, 1801, at Mendozer, South America, 
about two-thirds of the city was destroyed and 7,000 live lives lost. On July 2 
and 3, at Manilla, in the Philippine Islands, an immense destruction of property 
took place; about 10,000 persons perished. On Aug. 18 and 15, 1868, the cities of 
Arequipa, Iquique, Tacena, Chencha, and many small towns in Peru and Ecuador 
were destroyed, and 25,000 lives lost ; 30,000 persons were rendered homeless ; the 
loss of property was estimated at £60,000,000. On May 16-18, 1875, San Jose de 
Cucuta, and other towns were destroyed, and about 14,000 lives lost. On April 
14, 1878, Cua, Venezuela, was destroyed and nearly 300 persons killed ; loss, about 
£30,000. On March 16, 1881, severe shocks in Southern Italy with much destruc- 
tion and loss of life ; Cossamicciala a town in the Isle of Ischia, 280 houses were 
destroyer], and 114 persons perished; loss, about £38 000, On April 3, 1881, at 
Scio, the town and several villages were destroyed ; about 4,000 perished ; much 
destitution ensued. On July 23, 1883, the towns of Cossamicciala Foris and Lacca 
Amena, on the Island of Ischia, in the Bay of Naples, were almost entirely 
destroyed ; 1,900 lives were lost and 374 persons injured. 


1. George Washington, of Virginia, born Feb. 22, 1732. Elected Commander- 
in-chief of the Continental Army in 1775. First inaugurated as President in the 
city of New York on April 30, 1789. Second inauguration, in 1793. Died Dec. 
14, 1799, aged 68 years. 

2. John Adams, of Massachusetts, born in 1735. Inaugurated March 4, 1797. 
Died July 4, 1826, aged 90 years. 

3. Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, born in 1743. He was the first President 
inaugurated in Washington, in 1801. Second inauguration in 1805. Died July 
4, 1826, aged 82 years. 

These two presidents died the same day and year. 

4. James Madison, of Virginia, born in 1751. First inaugurated in 1809. 
Second inauguration in 1813. Died in 1837, aged 85 years. 

5. James Monroe, of Virginia, born in 1750. Inaugurated in 1817. Died in 
1831, aged 72 years. 

6. John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, born in 1767. Inaugurated in 1825. 
Died in 1848, aged 81 years. 

7. Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee, born 17()7. First inaugurated in 1829. 
Second inauguration in 1833. Died in 1845, aged 78 years. 

8. Martin VanBuren, of New York, born in 1782. Inaugurated in 1837. Died 
in 1862, aged 80 years. 

9. William Henry Harrison, of Ohio, born in 1773. Inaugurated in 1841. 
Died in ofRce, in April, 1841, aged 68 years. 

10. John Tyler, of Virginia, born in 1790. Elected Vice-President and 
inaugurated president in April, 1841. Died in 1862, aged 72 years. 

11. James K. Polk, of Tennessee, born in 1795. Inaugurated in 1845. Died 
in 1849, aged 54 years. 

12. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, born in 1784. Inaugurated in 1849. Died 
in office in 1850, aged 66 years. 

13. Millard Fillmore, of New York, born in 1800. Elected Vice President in 
1848, and inaugurated as President upon the death of Gen. Taylor, in 1850. Died 
March 8, 1874, aged 75 years. 


14. Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, born in 1SU4, Inauourated in 1853. 
Died in 18G9, aged 05 years. 

15. James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, born in 1791. Inaui^urated in 18)7. 
Died in 18G4, ased 77 years. 

16. Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, born in 1809. First inaugurated in 1861. 
Second inauguration in 1S65. Assassinated April 14, 1865, aged 59 years. 

17. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, born in 1808. Elected Vice-President, and 
inaugurated President in April 1865. Died July 31, 1875, aged (i7 years. 

18. Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois, born April 27, 1822. First inaugurated in 
1869. Second inauguration in 1873. Died July 23, 1885, aged 63 years. 

19. Rutherford B. Hayes, of Ohio, born Oct. 4, 1822. Inaugurated March 5. 1877. 

20. James A. Garfield, of Ohio, born Nov. 19, 1881. Inaugurated March 4, 
1881. Assassinated July 2, 1881. Died Sept. 19, 1881, aged 49 years. 

21. Chester A. Arthur,of Vermont, born Oct. 5, 1830. Inaugurated Sept. 20,1881. 

22. Grover Cleveland, of New York, born March IS, 1837. Inaugurated in 1885. 
28. Benjamin Harrison, of Indiana, born Aug 20, 1883. Inaugurated in 1889. 
24. Grover Cleveland, of New York, inaugurated the second time in 1893. 

Fate of the Apostles. 

Matthew is supposed to have suffered martyrdom, or was slain in a city of 

Mark was dragged through the streets of Alexandria, in Egypt, till he expired. 

Luke was hanged to an olive tree in Greece. 

John was put in a boiling caldron at Rome, but he escaped death. He died 
a natural death in Ephesus, in Asia. 

James the Great was beheaded in Jerusalem. 

James the Less was thrown from a pinnacle and beaten to death. 

Philip was beheaded. 

Bartholomew was skinned alive. 

Andrew was crucified and pounded while dying. 

Thomas was run through with a lance. 

Jude was shot to death with arrows. 

Simon was crucified. 

Matthias was stoned to death. 

Barnabas was stoned to death. 

Paul was beheaded by the tyrant, Nero, of Rome. 

John T. Harris, Founder of Harrisburg, Pa. 

From authentic records, we learn that John Harris commenced a settlement, 
on the present site of Harrisburg, a short time previous to the year 1719. 

Mr. Harris was a native of Yorkshire, England, and appears to have been a 
brewer by profession, as he worked at that business in the city of London. In 
"Watson's Annals" it is stated that "he was a middle-aged man when he came 
to America, and was one of the first emigrants with William Penn, at which time 
his entire capital amounted to only sixteen guineas." He first settled in the city 
of Philadelphia; and according to a writer in Hazzard's Register, "the nucleus 
of his future wealth was formed by a profitable contract he obtained from the 
authorities for removing the stumps and opening streets in that city." 
Harris Condemned to Be Burned— His Rescue. 

In this state of affairs, it happened one day that a number of Indians of the 
Mahonoy, Mahantongo or Shawanese tribe (most probably the latter), who had 
been down the river either on a predatory or trading expedition, stopped at the 


house of Mr. Harris on their return northward. Most, or all of them, were under 
the intluence of liquor, and demanded of Mr. Harris an additional supply of lum, 
meaning West India rum, as the modern whisky was not then manufactured in 
the Province. Perceiving that they were already intoxicated, and fearing mis- 
chief, Mr. Harris refused to grant the demand ; whereupon they became greatly 
exasperated and dragged him to an adjacent mulberry tree, to which they firmly 
bound him. 

Here they declared their intention to torture and burn him alive, and bade 
him prepare for instant death. Dry wood was gathered and piled around his 
feet, and torches held in readiness to kindle it; the yells of the enraged savages 
echoed along the river shore and through the surrounding forest, while with demo- 
niac gestures they danced around their victim. Death in its most cruel form was 
before him ; and, bereft of hope, he gave himself up for lost, in vain he suppli- 
cated for mercy, and offered to give up everything in exchange for life ; but the 
savages were deaf to his entreaties, and declared he should die. The flaming 
torch was advanced towards the pile, and about being applied, when a band of 
friendly Indians, supposed to have belonged to the Paxton tribe, and to have come 
across the river from either the Indian village opposite Harris' residence, or the 
one situated at the mouth of the Conodoguinet Creek, burst suddenly upon the 
scene and set him at liberty. 

These Indians were led on by a negro man named "Hercules," a slave belong- 
ing to Mr. Harris, who at the first alarm ran to the neighboring tribe to beg for 
succor, and now brought it to his master's relief. The deli v'erance was well timed. 
A moment's delay would have been fatal. The presence of mind, the decision, 
the speed of this negro alone, saved Mr. Harris; and so sensible was he of the great 
service rendered to him by this poor slave, that he instantly emancipated him, 
and some of the descendants of the worthy Hercules still reside in the borough, 
enjoying their freedom, so nobly won, in the bosom of the large community who 
occupy the ground on which the occurrence took place. 

If any other testimony was needed to prove the love and friendship the slave 
Hercules entertained for his master, we might also relate that, upon another occa- 
sion, he saved the life of Mr. Harris from being destroyed by an excited steer, 
while crossing the river on a flat. It is to be regretted that through an oversight 
of the late Robert Harris, Esq., who furnished the artist with suggestions relative 
to the grouping of the figures, the faithful slave Hercules was not placed upon the 
beautiful paintings representing the affair. 

John Harris and his faithful slave Hercules are buried in the iron enclosure 
in Harris Park. Part cf the trunk of the mulberry tree to which Mr. Harris was 
tied is still standing in said enclosure. It is ten feet high and eleven feet six 
inches in circumference. There are still living those who have seen this tree in 
bloom, and eaten mulberries from it. The title to the graveyard, to the extent of 
fifteen feet, is secured by conveyance from the commissioners who laid out the 
town. The deed is recorded in book A, in the Recorder's Office, at Harrisburg. 

These facts are gathered chiefly from an account of the affair written and 
published in 1828, by Hon. Samuel Breck, at that time a State Senator or Repre- 
sentative from Philadelphia, who received his information from the late Robert 
Harris, Esq. Also from Mrs. Bell, a daughter of Mr. Plunket, a native of Ireland, 
who was married to Esther, a daughter of John Harris, Sr., who gave these facts 
to George W. Harris, Esq., in the year 1840, she being then in the eightieth year 
of her age. ^- y . ^^ « ^ 

John Harris died in 1748. / CCLcC Jy ^ c/^yOJxAj.^ A^i^-^ 5^ ■ 









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