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Montana State Library 

3 0864 1004 9617 6 



OCT 13 1983 

1515 E. 6fh AVE. 


iRAKf I 

59620 I 



What is lEMS? It stands for Inte- 
grated Emergency Management Systems, 
and is a method to reach the goal of 
Comprehensive Emergency Management 

The lEMS is an approach based upon 
the premise that there are common func- 
tions required in all emergency situa- 
tions to protect the health and safety 
of your citizens. These common func- 
tions could include warning, communi- 
cations, direction and control, recep- 
tion areas evacuation and the provi- 
sions for food, health and medical 
support. Establishing the capabilities 
necessary to deal with these require- 
ments will provide a foundation on 
which to build the specialized capabi- 
lities for the unique requirements of 
individual specific emergencies. 

The primary goal for Federal Fiscal 
Year 1984, is to complete all State and 
Local Hazard Analysis, upon which the 
lEMS system will be built. 

The plan will be to build on the 
foundation of existing emergency plans 
and capabilities to broaden their 
applicability to the multi-hazard 
approach to CEM. It will also provide 
the base for each of us to establish a 
multi-year development plan; it will 


P. 0. BOX 4789 (406) 449-3034 




implement existing emergency management 
measures which are known to be effec- 
tive and allows us to achieve the 
overall goal of a Comprehensive 
Emergency Management Program. 

During October each of you should 
receive from our office, interim FEMA 
guidance on "Hazard Analysis for 
Emergency Management", and later 
through our district field represen- 
tatives detailed guidance and 
assistance for completion of this vital 
primary goal for FY84. 


State DES Office will have a new 
phone system September 30th. 
Administrative calls - 8:00 a.m. to 
5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday will 
be 444-6911. State staff will have 
individual numbers. These will be 
distributed as soon as we have them. 

The 24-hour Emergency Number will 
continue to be 449-3034. After 
September 30th, do not use it for busi- 
ness calls. In December 444-6911 will 
replace 449-3034. 

New stickers with 444-6911 will be 
distributed in December. For a time, 
both 449-3034 and 444-6911 will be 
answered on a 24-hour basis. Sometime 
after the stickers have been distri- 
buted 449-3034 will be discontinued. 

-Homer Young- 


KEVIN FENNER . Fallon County Coordin- 
ator, Baker, was contracted by Wibaux 
City-County Planning Board to do plan- 
ning for them. Good work is visible a 
long ways. 

TOM BERSUCH , Fergus County Coordin- 
ator, Lewistown, conducted a success- 
ful plane wreck mock disaster involv- 
ing many first responders. The re- 
sponse was super, said Tom. It's 
great how everyone wants to get involved 
said Tootie Marks, Tom's able 
assistant. These exercises are most 
valuable to test plans and "See how 
well the various agencies can work 

exercise based on an earthquake sce- 
nario which "destroyed most of 
Billings". The Hams are a valuable 
asset to any local coordinator. These 
were a credit to Jim Kraft's coordin- 
ated effort for complete response. 

GLORIA HEGGEN , Carter County D.E.S. 
Coordinator has developed a unique 
nuclear fallout pamphlet with an 
excellent vehicle for its distribution 
throughout her county. The pamphlet 
consists of 4 pages describing fall- 
out and its affects upon people; how 
to protect yourself and family from 
it; what actions schools will take; 
and, the Emergency Broadcast stations 
that will give out survival inform- 

The pamphlet also describes ways to 
make expedient shelters with a list of 
things to take to home or public shel- 
ter. One page is devoted to improvis- 
ing shelters for farm animals. 

The pamphlet is distributed to all 
voters and phone holders throughout 
the county with a cover letter by the 
Board of County Commissioners. 

Nice work Gloria! She probably 
would send you a copy too, if you asked 
for one. 


Federal + State + Local 


Like a good road map that gets you to 
your destination, good planning for 
disasters will see you through to an ^ 
expedient conclusion. Good plans do not 
just happen, they evolve from many hours 
of work and meetings with those concerned, 
involved or recruited to fill a needed 
slot in the organization. State DES 
adds it's applause to Norm Dewell, 
Carbon County for the excellent training 
in Emergency Medical Services provided 
those citizens through Norms efforts. 
Steve Dewell, Rosebud County is to be 
commended too for his efforts in co- 
ordinating an Emergency Mobilization 
Plan for the Colstrip Area. 

Sometimes it is hard to plan for a 
disaster that has not happened as yet, 
and, hopefully, never will. But, with 
potentials all around us, it is nice to 
be able to pick up that "Road Map", head 
right for the heart of the problem, and 
solve or minimize its effects upon 


Homer Young recently joined our State 
Staff as a full-time Communications 
Specialist. Prior to joining our staff. 
Homer worked for four years as a 
Communications Engineer for the State 
Communications Division. His exper- 
ience also includes eight years as a 
broadcast engineer working for commer- 
cial radio and television broadcast 

Homer's duties will include providing 
technical assistance to local govern- 
ments in developing Direction and 
Control Communications Systems and 
completing Emergency Communications 
Development Plans. 

Homer is a native Montanan, born and 
raised in Helena. He is married and 
has two boys. His hobbies include 
golf, reloading rifle and pistol 
ammunition, and playdng base guitar. 




The Phase Courses will be replaced by 
the Professional Development Series, 
which is the culmination of research 
and testing by the Emergency Management 

These courses are expanded to include 
more emergency services managers. The 
goal is to improve the skills of those 
directly responsible for local disaster 
operations. Much of the training is 
workshop oriented. The Professional 
Development Series will be taught in 4 
- 1 week segments. The Series 

Introduction to Emergency 
Management Course. 

Emergency Planning Course. 

Basic Skills in Emergency Program 
Management Course: 

Leadership and Influence 

- Decision Making and Problem Solving 

- Effective Communications 

- Creative Financing 

Graduates of the old Phase Courses 
are encouraged to attend the new course 
offerings. The Emergency Planning 
Course is recommended for all involved 
in disaster and emergency related 



Recent additions to the D.E.S. family 
are three new local coordinators. They 
are: Jim Foster, Broadwater County, 
Townsend; Vern Meyers, Meagher County, 
White Sulphur Springs; and. Clay 
Vincent, Hill County, Havre. 

We welcome these good people to our 
"Family" and congratulate them for 
their appointments. They "got their 
feet wet" a little bit at the Basic 
Seminar in Helena, August 15-17. Their 
responses and interest to the various 
presentations affirm their belief and 
dedication to the continuing needs and 
diversity of the job of Local Coordin- 

Next fiscal year, starting October 1, 
1983, will mark the beginning in a 
change to FEMA and FEMA sponsored 
training. No longer will Region be 
permitted to contract for training. 
This will be the end of the Regional 
Support Contract (RSC), which has been 
OMNI Research and Training for Region 
VIII for the last several years. 

Next year the State DES Office's are 
to assume the training previously con- 
ducted by the RSC. It would be vir- 
tually impossible for the states in 
Region VIII to generate enough students 
to attend the classes. What the 
state's have done to satisfy the 
training requirements is to enter into 
a cooperative whereby our students may 
attend classes sponsored by other sta- 
tes and they in turn may send students 
to our courses. The courses mandatory 
to be taught have also been divided 
amonst the states. 

Next year, Montana will conduct an 
Emergency Planning Course. This one 
week course will be on how to write a 
disaster plan. The course will be 
taught in March of 1984. 

Student reimbursement expense will be 
paid out of the students home state DES 
office. Those from Montana attending 
courses sponsored by another state in 
Region VIII, will be reimbursed at the 
state allotted out-of-state per diem 
and travel rate. Expenses at the 
Montana sponsored courses will be reim- 
bursed at the in-state rate. 

A brochure including the Professional 
Development Series and the RDO Course 
dates and locations, will be prepared 
by Region VIII, and forwarded this 

Under the new concept, we will choose 
the excellent capabilities of the folks 
from OMNI Research and Training. The 
positive side of the change will allow 
us to continue to meet and get to know 
our counterparts from the other states. 


Nearly everyday we hear of a disaster 
somewhere, many within our State. We 
always seem to have that little niche 
that says, "it's over there-that can't 
happen here". Well, read on — 

Saturday, July 9th at 7:30 p.m., a 
tornado ripped through the countryside 
North of Vida in McCone County, just 17 
miles south of Wolf Point on Highway 
13. The tornado came with such force 
that it picked up a Ford Bronco and 
slammed it into a field 660 feet away 
killing one person and seriously injur- 
ing another. Minutes later, the torn- 
ado completely leveled all the build- 
ings on a farm and demolished a mobile 
home. No serious injuries there, but 
the damage was unbelievable. 

On July 17th a hail storm with base- 
ball size stones ripped across an 80 
square mile area of the southern part 
of Wibaux County damaging buildings, 
cars, mobile homes and machinery. 
These are disasters that are hard to 
predict, plan for or mitigate, but 
prior planning may ease the aftermath. 

Elaine Wittkopp, McCone County DES 
Coordinator, reported that the good 
Samaritan act seems to always shine in 
disasters. Many neighbors, friends and 
people came from as far away as 
Glendive with truck to lend a hand to 
those who fell victim to the tornado. 
Statistics show that even in major 
disasters with devastating effects upon 
communities, rather than panicing in 
disarray, people unite in concerted 
effort to help one another. We have a 
strong will to survive and will do so 
even in a nuclear attack inspite of 
what the doom sayers say. 

Manmade accidents happen without 
notice too, causing local DES coor- 
dinators and first responders much con- 
cern for safety and health of people, 
and the protection of property such as: 
A transformer ruptured spilling 5 
gallons of oil containing PCB inside a 
power sub-station at Whitefish; Oil 
spilled into Salmon Lake in Lake 
County; Several barrels of oil were 
sprayed on a county road in Roosevelt 
County as a result of an accident; 
Several barrels of oil were spilled in 
Rocker, Silver Bow County as a result 
of an accident; A truck load of UREA 
Nitrate spilled near Butte; 55 gallons 
of crude oil spille^ in McCone County; 
2800 gallons of road oil spilled near 
Red Stone, Sheridan County; Thousands 
of acres of range land blackened by 
lightning caused fires in Eastern 
Montana. ********** 


On August 22-23, 1983, the Montana 
Aeronautics Division hosted the semi- 
annual meeting of the Western States 
International SAR Advisory Council in 
Helena. While the membership comes 
principally from state agencies respon- 
sible for air SAR operations, it in- 
cludes representatives from ground 
search organizations. 

As a result of this meeting, we be- 
came aware of a resource which has gone 
under-utilized throughout a large part 
of the state. Detachment 5 of the 37th 
Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron 
(ARRS), located at Malmstrom A.F.B., is 
a multi-faceted organization which is 
available to local sheriffs. 

Trained flight crews include 2 
pilots, a flight surgeon and EMT train- 
ed personnel for the six "Huey" heli- 
copters of the Detachment. While their 
primary mission is oriented towards 
military operations, "the secondary 
mission of the Unit is search and 
rescue (SAR), emergency medical evacu- 
ation (civilian/military) in support 
of national or local plans". "If at 
any time a competent medical, law 
enforcement or governmental agency 
determines that search and rescue 
support is required for a civilian 
emergency, that authority may call the 
ARRS Rescue Coordination Center (RCC), 
which is located at Scott Air Force 
Base, Illinois. The toll free number 
for the RCC is 1-800-851-3051." 

The above quotes came from the ARRS 
Helicopter Information Sheet, which is 
being reprinted and will be distributed 
by this office to all local coordin- 
ators when they become available to 
us. This information sheet fully out- 
lines policy and procedures for utiliz- 
ation of this valuable resource at the 

local level. - Jan Henry - 

John Nickisch joined the DES family as 
the Coordinator for Rosebud County. We 
welcome him to his new job and wish him 
well . 


Recently Kim Potter, Flathead County 
DES Coordinator, asked our office for 
additional information on the call-up 
system for use of the Coast Guard 
Auxiliary. After a little research we 
found another resource which locals may 
not be aware of. 

There are three Coast Guard "Flotil- 
las" in the State located at Fort Peck, 
Kalispell and Great Falls. Utilization 
of this personnel and equipment by a 
sheriff may be authorized by Bob Miller 
Coast Guard Auxiliary Coordinator for 
Montana at 449-2452 between 8:00 a.m., 
and 5:00 p.m., or through the 13th 
Coast Guard Operations Center in 
Seattle at (206) 442-5886 - 24 hours 
a day. 

Additional information on their re- 
sources, availability and procedures 
is available through our office or 
Mr. Miller. - Jan Henry - 


Recently our office obtained a copy 
of the slide-tape presentation "Dam 
Safety-Who is Responsible", on a long 
term loan from the Soil Conservation 
Service. This 21 minute presentation 
is accompanied by a short handout 
brochure and is very well put together. 

Since Montana has very weak dam 
safety legislation, and since almost 
every county has potentially dangerous 
dams, this presentation could be used 
to increase the awareness of the 
problem by showing it to various groups 
at the local level. If a "grass roots" 
support can be established, the next 
legislature might favorably reconsider 
the GOOD Bill that the legislature 
killed in 1983. 

If a local coordinator is interested 

in borrowing this presentation, they 

should work through their District 

Representatives in obtaining it. 

- Jan Henry - 


At a recent meeting of the Northwest 
Air Search and Rescue Association, Drew 
Dawson, State Emergency Medical 
Services Bureau handed out a listing of 
the air ambulance services in the 
state. The lists include contact 
point, information required, com- 
[Hium cation^ capabilities, capacity, 
qualification of personnel, on board 
equipment, costs, etc. 

Copies of these lists have been sent 
to each District Field Representative, 
so, if interested, local coordinators 
should contact them for copies. 

- Jan Henry - 


In the last issue, I presented an 
overview of the latest concept of 
disaster planning; lEMS - short for 
Integrated Emergency Management System. 
In this issue, I will try to show how 
this concept will be implemented in 
Montana during FY 1984. 

Our initial approach will be two- 
pronged; a hazard assessment/vulnera- 
bility analysis tool for all counties, 
and a complete prototype plan for one 
county (Lewis and Clark). 

In the hazard assessment/vulnerabil- 
ity analysis prototype, D.E.S. planners 
will develop a format which will 
provide to counties a standard, system- 
ized way in which to accomplish the 

During the second phase, the proto- 
type plan, we will, in conjunction 
with Lewis and Clark County staff, 
attempt to build a complete lEMS plan 
which will address all hazards and 
provide emergency responses for each 

As each element of this plan is 
completed and refined, it will be 
made available to all counties wishing 
to use it. Hopefully, this will 
provide the base format to enable each 
county to eventually prepare a complete 
and useful all-hazards evacuation plan. 


It costs nothing, yet creates much. 

It enriches those who receive, without ^ 

impoverishing those who give. " 
It happens in a flash and the memory of 

it sometimes lasts forever. 
No one is so rich he can get along 

without it and no one is so poor but 

that he is richer for its benefits. 
It creates happiness in the home, 

fosters good will in business and is 

the countersign of friends. 
It is rest to the weary, daylight to 

the discouraged, sunshine to the sad, 

and nature's best antidote for 

And, if in the hurry and rush of the 

day, you meet someone who is too 

weary to give you a SMILE - leave one 

of yours. 
For no one needs a smile so much as 

those who have none left to give. 
-Author Unknown- 



Once, while delivering a speech on 
"Honesty", C. L. Gilbertson told the 
following story: 

"When I was a boy, I was walking 
along a street one day, I happened to 
spy a cart carrying watermelons. I was 
wery fond of watermelons, so I sneaked 
up to the cart and snitched one. I 
then ran into a nearby alley and with 
mouth watering, sank my teeth into the 
melon. No sooner had I done so, 
however, than a strange feeling came 
over me. Without a moments hestiation, 
I made my decision. I walked back to 
the cart, replaced the melon... and took 
a ripe one!" 


Do you have or know of a 100 KW or a 
150 KW Power Generator that is surplus 
to your needs. If so, please call Orin 
Olsgaard, Missoula County Coordinator 
at 721-5700, Ext. 458. ^ 


"A MATTER OF TIME - a comprehensive 
guide to Fire Emergency Planning for 
Board and Care Homes" (PB #83-139345), 
is available for $12.00 from the Na- 
tional Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, VA 22161. Guidance for 
nursing home and boarding house man- 
agers to develop fire evacuation plans 
is included in a new report from the 
National Bureau of Standards. The 
guide gives easy-to-understand advice 
on how to select the most appropriate 
combination of escape strateges. It 
also includes nontechnical descriptions 
of protection techniques, specific 
suggestions for training staff and 
residents using three types of fire 
drills and how they should react when 
a fire is suspected or discovered. 


Burlington Northern Railroad will 
donate money to fire departments for 
equpment they need but cannot afford 
to buy. Life saving equipment such as 
self-contained breathing apparatus has 
a higher priority than more convential 
items such as hose. 

If you are interested write to: Gil 
Thiel, Superintendent, Rocky Mountain 
Division, Burlington Northern Railroad, 
2718 Montana Ave., Billings, MT 59101. 
The request should include a specific 
description of the item wanted, the 
price, a need for the equipment and the 
plans the department has for the item 
if acquired. 


(Using Household Bleach) 

To purify clear but contaminated water, 
use 2 drops of bleach per quart; 8 
drops per gallon and 1/2 teaspoon per 5 
gallons. If the water is cloudy just 
double the amounts. 


No Germ Can Stand Him 


A yQTy useful reference for finding 
out information on equipment is The 
Thomas Register . This is a listing of 
most manufactures in the United States. 
If your local library has a reference 
department they would probably have a 
copy of The Thomas Register. If you 
need technical manuals on surplus or 
excess equipment such as trucks, gener- 
ators, engines and the like you can 
write to McClellan Air Force Base, 
Sacramento, CA 95652, ATTN: MMSTA-Tech 
Manual. Be sure to state in your 
letter exactly what equipment you need 
manuals for; giving serial numbers that 
may be on the equipment. 


If you need a catalog on emblems used 
by Civil Defense and Emergency Services 
personnel, write to U.S. Uniform Co., 
Inc. 7123 Troost, Kansas City, MO 


If you need literature on various sub- 
ject matter such as: Crime Prevention 
? $2.50 per 100; Tornado Tips $2.50 
per 100; When Winter Comes $4.00 per 
100; Installing your Wood Stove Safety 
@ $3.00 per 100; and others, write to: 
Ohio Insurance Institute, P.O. Box 632, 
Columbus, OH 43216 


State D.E.S. Office, Helena, has a good 
supply of "Your Chance to Live" kits 
consisting of: Five (5) film strips and 
audio cassetts to aid in teaching Civil 
Preparedness in the schools or however 
you wish to make use of them. Call 
State D.E.S. , and we will fill your 
need to the limit of our supply. 


Missoula County still has sandbags 
(feed bags) for sale at .13^ each. 
This is the final offer. They will not 
be available when these are gone. Call 
Orin Olsgaard, D.E.S. Coordinator, at 
721-5700, Ext. 458. 




The Montana Supreme Court ruled that 
certain dude ranchers may NOT keep 
horses on their 10 acres of residential 
property in the Sweet Grass Hills Sub- 
division at Big Sky. It seems the 
horses became a nuisance to neighbors 
because they expelled gas in such a 
noisy way that peace and quiet was 
disturbed. It was argued before the 
Bar that "these horses and their ensu- 
ing resounding, egregious divestitures 
of abdominal gas echoing through hills 
and vales of this otherwise peaceful 
area, closely akin to the point blank 
discharge of a double-barreled shotgun, 
have utterly no place in a quiet 
residential hamlet". 


Montana Poison Control System 


Toll Free 

An Emergency Medical Service Project of the Montana 
Department of Health and Environmental Sciences 

Published Quarterly 

Ted Schwinden 

James W. Duffy 
Adjutant General 

C. L. Gilbertson 

The articles in this newsletter do not 
constitute official policy. 


The Augusta Volunteer Fire Department 
needs a van to haul equipment to fires. 
The Augusta Department would pick up 
the unit and would make minor repairs 
if needed. If you have one excess to 
your needs call Vernon Erickson at 
562-3346 after 4 p.m., or write him at 
Box 152, Augusta, MT 59410. 

Disaster & Emergency Services 
P.O. Box 4789 
Helena, MT 59604