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The Salaries and Emoluments in Courts of Justice and the Police Department; 




Cfje l^otiiierp of ©fjaritafile ^FounUatione ; 

The Profits of the Bank of England, arising from the Issue of its Notes, 

Balances of Public Money, Management of the Borough Debt, 

and other Sources of Emolument ; 



Correct Lists of both Houses of Parliament (from 1819 to the present time) ; 

showing their Family Connections, Parliamentary Influence, the Places 

and Pensions held by themselves or Relations. 


The whole forming a complete Exposition of the Cost, Influence, Patronage, and 
Corruption of the Borough Government. 





4 8.s^ 



General Principles of Government— Causes of the Commercial Pros- 
perity of England— The Revolution of 1688, and successive Ad- 
ministrations from that Period— The Dangers of Reform 1 



Histortj of Sinking Fund—Sir Robert Walpole, Mr. Pitt, Lord 
Henry Petty, and Mr. FansittarVs Sinking Funds — Delusive 
Principles on zvhich they are established — Speeches of Lord Liver- 
pool and the late Marquis of Lord Londonderry on the Subject. ..... 41 


Progress of the Funding System — Unfunded Debt — ■Account of the 
Stocks — Manner of transacting Loans, and of tranferring Stock 
— Progress of the Public Debt from the Revolution — Catastrophe 
of the Funding System 64 


General Principles of Finance — Net Income and Expenditure of the 
Kingdom — Payments out of the Consolidated Fund 89 


Comparative Expenditure of the Army, Navy, and Ordnance, in 1792 
and 1820 — Military Force of the Kingdom at these Periods — Com- 
parative Charge for Military Staff and Office Establishments — 
Reductions proposed by Mr. Hume 108 


System of Parties — Recent Conduct of the House of Commons — The 
Sinecure Pension Bill — The Grenville Sale — Apostacy of Public 
Men. — Principles of the Borough Government 1 2'2 


Questions on which the Members have voted in Three Sessions of Par- 
liament — Places for which they sit, their Offices, Pensions, Families, 
and Connexions — Remarks on their Parliamentary Conduct 133 



Origin of Ecclesiastical Propertij— Church Properti/ proved to be 
Public Property-^Emoluments of the Established Clergy— Revenues 
of the Church of England, from Tythes, Estates, Surplice Fees, 
Public Charities, ^c. — Nujnberof the Clergy— Church Patronage 
— Parochial Patronage — Church Discipline— Comparison of the 
Established Church of England with the Established Churches of 
other Countries — Reflections 208 


Alphabetical List of all the Pluralisls in England and Walcs—TheNum- 
ber of Livings, Dignities, and Offices held by each — The Name of 
their Patrons — Their Families, Connexions, and Injiuencc 234 


Ireland an Example of the Government that is said to " work well''— 
Revenues of the Irish Protestant Church — Number of the Established 
Clergy — Enormous Incofne of the Bishops and Parochial Clergy — 
Church Discipline in Ireland — The Irish Tythe System — Proportion 
between the Catholics and Protestants — Persecution and civil Pro- 
scriptions to which the Catholics are subjected — Measures adopted 
for the Relief of Ireland, by the Collective fVisdom of the Nation.. . 3.'^3 


List of Irish Pluralists — The Number of Livings held by each, and the 
Title of the Incumbent, whether he be resident or non-resident ; the 
Acres of Glebe and Quantity of Tithe in each Benefice; with the Plu- 
ralists total yearly Income— Digest of the Dioscesan Returns to 
Parliament — Relative Patronage of the Crown, the Bishops, and 
Universities 348 


Account of all Persons receiving Pensions, Allowances, and Superannu- 
ations from the East India Company — Pensions, Allowances, SfC. 
payable under the 57th of George HI 381 


An Account of all Persons holding two or more Offices, Pensions, and 
Conunissions in the Public Offices, Army, Navy, and Dock-yard 
Establishments in Great Britain and Ireland 385 

Crown Revenues 413 

New Members of Parliament 41' 

Index 41 






On the Principles of Government and the real Causes 
of the Prosperity of England. 

That sagacious epicure, David Hume, remarked that all 
governments are founded on opinion ; a truth which no one 
can hardly deny. It is, indeed, obvious that, as in all cases, 
the governors form a minority ; the mere physical force of 
the community resides in the governed, and, consequently, 
that the former can only control the latter by opinion. JNow 
this opinion may either be founded in truth or in error; it 
may either originate in just notions of the utility of govern- 
ment or it may be bottomed in delusion. 

Reason suggests, that the first alone should be the basis of 
public authority, but reason and practice seldom agree ; and, 
accordingly, we find that mankind, for the most part, are 
kept in subjection by the aid of some gross error with which 
their Rulers have artfully enslaved their understandings. 
Thus, in the countries of the East, the chief engine of power 
is the impostures of Mahomet : by the aid of these the 
Turkish Sultan and his officers bowstring and plunder with 
impunity the inhabitants of the finest regions in the world. 



In Tibet, the Grand Lama carries on his oppressions with great 
success, by persuading his subjects ot" certain miraculous 
virtues in his own excrements. In Europe, ihe People were 
a long time enslaved by the dogmas of Divine Right and the 
infaUibility of the Pope; when these lost their power, the 
nations of the Continent submitted to the yoke of Legiti- 
macy, and in England we are all content to worship the idol 
of authority under the magical influence of Rotten Boroughs, 
and obscure apprcliensions of Reform and Innovation. 

But though the last are undoubtedly a source of consider- 
able delusion, it would be unjust to the enlightened People 
of this country to suppose that they had not more substantial 
reasons for their attachment to Government, than the ima- 
ginary virtues of Galton or Sarum. Indeed they have; their 
reasons are not only manifold but plausible; and such as those 
who have not leisure to distinguish between proof and asser- 
tion, between events which liave no manner of connexion 
further than being co-temporary, may be easily mislead. 
Among the most prevailing sources of delusion I should 
reckon the following: — First, mistaken views of the causes 
of the prosperity of England. Secondly, on the nature of 
the Revolution of 1688. Thirdly, on tlie character of suc- 
cessive Administrations since that period. Lastly, on the 
Dangers of Reform. 

On each of tliese subjects it were easy to write a volume 
instead of a page; I shall, however, be very brief, confining 
mv observations to show that the greatness of the country 
(such as it is) may be traced to causes widely different from 
any imagined excellence in our institutions, the virtues of 
public men, or the " glorious" Revolution of 1688. Mis- 
taken views on these topics constitute the strength of Corrup- 
tion ; they arc the sophistries by which thousands of well- 
meaning individuals aie beguiled into hostility to all projects 
'of improvement, and are taught to ascribe the good of the 
present, the past, and tlie future, to a system at all times 
absurd and oppressive. 

I.- — Ofi tlie Cannes of Englan(l\s Prosper it i/. 

Seeing, it is said, is believing; and how is it possible to 
deny when wc beliold the number of indivi«hmls that li.Hvr 



risen to wealth and importance; when we observe whole cities 
and towns, like Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Bir- 
mingham, and Glasgow, that have emerged, almost within 
the memory of the present generation, from insignificant 
hamlets to opulence and magnificence ; how is it possible to 
deny the wisdom of the government and institutions under 
which all this power and grandeur have accumulated. This 
view is commonly taken of the progress of England, and 
many oppose any change in the system from an apprehension 
of endangering the substantial advantages which they imagine 
have been acquired under it. But if we inquire into the 
real causes of our prosperity, we shall discover little reason 
for connecting them either with the principles or practice of 

There are two ways by which the condition of a country may 
be ameliorated, and its happiness and greatness augmented : 
—first, the policy of government may directly contribute to 
that end, or, secondly, the people, by their own energies, may 
work out an improvement in their situation. England has 
been placed in the latter predicament, her improvements 
have all originated with the People; it is to the People that 
every increase in liberty, intellect, or wealth, may be traced. 

This judgment is warranted by history. It is hardly possible 
to fix on any period, under any minister, when the spirit of 
improvement was fostered by government, when men of 
genius were patronized, or when any anxiety was manifested 
to facilitate the operations of industry, by abstaining from 
burdening it with imposts. On the contrary, history exhibits 
only the virtues of the People struggling against the vices of 
power, — of liberty against oppression, — of industry against 
the rapacity of taxation, — of truth against established error. 
Nevertheless, in spile of these obstacles the country has con- 
tinued to flourish; but its prosperity is not the creation of a 
day nor a century ; it is not to be dated from the Revolution, 
nor the reign of George IIL nor the Pitt System, nor 
any other system ; neither is it the work of any faction, 
Whig or Tory ; nor of any dynasty either of the Tudor, the 
Stuart, or the Hanoverian race. No ; it is to none of these 
causes ; it is to the People themselves, who, while they had 
to surmount the disadvantages of their own condition, had to 
contend against the spirit of institutions hostile to improve- 



During the last two centuries the career of improvement 
has been steady and uniform ; each reign closed with an 
augmentation of wealth and knowledge, but in this increase 
government had little concern. From the accession of Henry 
III. lo the present time it underwent various internal changes: 
the character of the sovereign varied, and power oscillated 
in the hands of the Clergy, the Aristocracy, and the Monarch ; 
but the principles remained the same. The revolutions the 
constitution underwent, if such they can be called, were 
more analogous to the changes effected within the atmosphere 
of a court or a seraglio than a national reformation. At all 
events, the interests of the commonwealth never became in- 
corporated with the government : power remained in the 
hands of a minority, who exercised it for their own interests, 
adverse to popular rights, free inquiry, and the general 

How little government, at any time, has been identified with 
public prosperity may be instanced in ibis. The worst period 
of our history may be reckoned from the Restoration of 
Charles II. to the expulsion of James II.; it was a period 
remarkable for the profligacy of the Court, arbitrary prin- 
ciples, bigotry, and parliamentary corruption ; yet Mr. 
Hume observes, that the commerce and riches of England 
never encreased so fast as during that time.* 

In the period which followed the Revolution, the policy 
of Government was not more favourable to industry. It was 
a shameless picture of misrule and corruption, of wasteful 
unnecessary war ; the King the slave of faction, the People 
of fiscal extortion, and the mere profession of patriotism 
rendered ridiculous by the profligacy of public men. Yet 
even this vile system did not repress the energies of the 
people; the country flourished, but it flourished not incon- 
sequence of the vices of administration, but in spite of them. 
J lierc was nothing in it paradoxical, it demonstrated no 
natural connexion between bad government and national pros- 
perity; it merely showed that the seeds of improvement may 
be so powerful, that they will triumph over the most defective 

The causes of public prosperity during the last reign arc 
too obvious to be pointed out. On the accession of George III. 

* Hi^torv of Knglaiul, \ol. viii. p. 3'29- 



the country was in the full tide of wealth and glory, and his 
reign was a mere continuation of the impetus it had previously 
received. The general progress, no doubt, was greatly 
accelerated by the invention of machinery : the discoveries 
of Watt and Arkwright, doubling the productive power of 
industry, gave to our manufactures an unrivalled superiority, 
which, in their turn, laid the foundation of agricultural 
prosperity. In all this, however, government did not parti- 
cipate : indeed, the contrast between the struggling energies 
of industry and the vices of power was remarkable ; while 
the People were acquiring within, the Rulers were wasting 
without. It was a singular contest: genius and industry 
ministering to the calls of folly and prodigality. The result 
is now before us, and, after all our inventions, toil, and 
enterprise, we find ourselves worse situated than a century 
ago. Instead of exhibiting an unexampled picture of real 
opulence, social enjoyment, and general comfort, we are a 
woful spectacle of want, misery, embarrassment, and degra- 
dation. The first was the portion provided by the Genius 
of the People, the last is the evil entailed by the Demon of 
Faction and Misrule. 

Had Government ever directed its attention to the intellec- 
tual or physical improvement of the People, how different 
would have been the result. Five things at least might have 
been expected from an enlightened admhiistration : — First, 
a general system for the education of the People, founded, 
not on any system of religious exclusion, or political injustice, 
but on the basis of Truth. Secondly, a provision for the Clergy, 
independently of tithe, which is so oppressive on agriculture, 
and adapted only to a different state of society. Thirdly, 
a more simple and economical mode of taxation, embracing 
an abolition of such internal duties as, without adding pro- 
portionately to public revenue, interfere with the operations 
of commercial and manufacturing industry. Fourthly, a re- 
vision of the civil and criminal jurisprudence. Lastly, as a 
necessary preliminary to the rest, an extension of the basis of 
representation, so as to embrace the intellect, virtue, and pro- 
perty, of the community. 

These ameliorations might have been all quietly effected 
within the last century. Instead, however, of government being 
occupied on these truly national objects, it has been a mere 
arena for arisLocratical contention, on which these pseudo 



patriots — these " Great Men," as tliey are sometimes called, 
the Godolphins, the Someis, the Marleys, the BoHngbrokes, the 
Chathams, Foxes, Burkes, and Pitts, have displayed their 
selfishness and ambition, their want of real patriotism, and 
enlarged views of public justice and happiness. 

II. — T/ie ^^ glorious Revolution of 1688." 

I WOULD give this event its due; it Was something, no 
doubt, to cashier the weak and arbitrary Stuarts, and to 
declare the basis of public freedom : these were good things 
so far ; but we ought not to confound a change of dynasty 
with a popular revolution, nor to imagine that a mere declara- 
tion of rights was suflicient security for their enjoyment. The 
great desideratum consisted in not taking a more effectual 
guarantee for public liberty than Public Opinion. It had this 
security before, and the managers of the Revolution did not 
obtain any other. The prerogatives of the Crown, which 
were declared illegal by the Bill of Rights, had been protest- 
ed against in the reign of the First Charles : so far, then, 
nothing new was established in the Constitution. It was a 
selfish affair altogether. The Church being in danger from 
Popery ; the Aristocracy from both Popery and the claims of 
prerogative; the two interests in jeopardy united for their 
common security', and obtained it. I5ut the condition of the 
People remained unaltered, with the exce|)tion of exclianging 
regal for aristocratical oppression. 

III. — On successive Aclmiaisirations from the 

No sooner was the Country relieved from the danger of 
arbitrary power under the Stuarts than it fell under the yoke 
of two factions equally corrupt and inveteralely hostile to 
each other. Neither of these parties pursued any measures 
for the general advantage. Abroad, the country was involved 
in unceasing, unnecessary, and expensive, war, which wasted 
the fruits of industry ; while at home the happiness of the 
People was a mere pretext — the emoluments of administration 
being the end of their policy. Government became a mere 



game played by the rival parties; tlie king being the occasional 
umpire and the People the prize. 

IV. — The Dangers of Reform. 

This is so trite a subject of delusion that the sophistry 
of it hardly needs exposing, and I should not notice it at 
all, were it not to point out an advantage the Reformers 
derive over their Opponents from the present state of the 
country. It is constantly urged against Reform, that it might 
involve in the accomplishment changes which even the authors 
can only imperfectly foresee and appreciate. This, at the worst, 
is only a speculative danger, a mere contingent evil, which 
might or might not happen. But the evils to be removed by 
reform are of a different character; they are not speculative, 
they are real and practical, to be seen and felt every where. 
Clearl}', then, the Reformers have the better of the argument. 
If their remedy be doubtful, the disease is certain : with their 
prescription there would be hope ; without it, ruin seems in- 
evitable. Who, then, ought to be termed speculators and 
theorists ? Certainly, those who reject a remedy at least 
probable, rather than risk an imaginary danger. 

But the real question at issue has long rested on reasoning 
much less refined. Reformers and No-Reformers are actuated 
by similar motives of interest — with this difference, that the 
former demand only what is just, while the latter seek to hold by 
force what they have no right to possess. To many Reform would 
certainly be ruin ; there would then be real retrenchment ; without 
it we can only expect delusion and subterfuge. To reform and to 
retrench aresynonymous, and it is immaterial which takes prece- 
dency, as both lead to the same result. If reform goes first, re- 
trenchment comes of course ; and if retrenchment take the lead, 
reform would follow, as there would be neither the power nor 
the motives to resist it. In a lavish expenditure consists the 
strength of Corruption ; it is (if I may so say) the ammuni- 
tion of the system, without which it cannot be defended and 
the enemy kept at a distance. Ministers understand this well 
enough : they know that to retrench effectually and to reform 
are virtually the same. They have no aversion to reform in 
itself, no more? than the profligate have to the practice of vir- 
tue, only they do not like to make the sacrifice which reform 



requires. We are told they spend nearly five millions in the 
management of the revenue, and they have a standing army 
to defend them of a hundred thousand men. These things 
look enormous and unreasonable, but they are not too much, 
and I really wonder that they have been able to carry on 
so long, with such slender means, amidst a numerous and en- 
lightened population. 

Necessity is the only principle which will compel them to 
retrench; when they cannot obtain tlie means to support extra- 
vagance, they discover objects of curtailment. In a lavish 
expenditure, as before observed, consists their power, and 
what men voluntarily give up power ? Necessity alone compels 
the abandonment. Cut off the supplies that support Minis- 
ters, and Ministers will quickly cut down the establishments. 
Experience has recently shown this ; and if the Agricul- 
tu,ral Classes, and those who suffer from overwhelming taxation, 
(and what classes do not suffer ?) do not learn from experience, 
it is their own fault. Ministers are only men, and they will 
wallow in the fruits of public industry, or as long as they can 
wallow in them, with impunity. 

That they are insincere in their efforts to economize is clear, 
from the manner they have gone about it. What have they 
done? They have reduced a few clerks whose salaries needed 
no reduction. Their design is obviously to render retrench- 
ment unpopular by extending it only to such objects as, from 
their number and situation, are most likely to excite public 
sympathy. All the strong holds of abuse, their own enormous 
salaries, the Army, and the Navy, and the Ordnance, and the 
Civil List, are untouched. Perhaps they are not aware that 
savings can be made in these departments; we will, however, 
proceed to show that, in one, at least, a very considerable 
reduction might be effected, and that, too, without going back 
so far as 1792, or further than the time of ** the Good Old 



The Civil List. 



THE Civil List is a sum set apart from the general revenue to maintain 
the dignity of the Crown, and to defray certain expenses connected with 
the civil government of the country. Since the revolution of 1688, it has 
been usual, at the commencement of a new reign, to enter into a specific 
arrangement with the sovereign on this subject ; and there were many 
reasons why this precedent should have been followed on the accession of 
George IV. and the Civil List Expenditure and the Hereditary "Revenues 
undergone a thorough investigation. 

First, the grant of 1816, which was continued to the King by the act of 
last session, was never intended to be a permanent settlement. Secondly, 
great as the sum voted last year was, the amount is enormously increased 
by the alteration in the value of the currency. Thirdly, from the declara- 
tion of Mr. Perceval, in 1812, that the application of the Hereditary 
Revenues would be most properly investigated on the demise of the late 
king ; the public had some reason to expect that this course would have 
been adopted. 

These reasons appear to have had no weight with Ministers or their sup' 
porters on the settlement of the Civil List. Without the appointment of a 
committee, or the examination of a single witness or document, the new 
reign commenced, as will be shortly explained, with an augmented revenue 
of, at least,HALF a million over and above the revenue of George 111. And 
this, by no means, was the worst part of the arrangement. The Droits 
of Admiralty, the Leeward Island Duties, the Scotch Revenue, and other 



The Civil List. 

funds, notoriously forming the great sources of parliamentary corruption, 
were left at the uncontrolled disposal of the Ministers, to carry on, under a 
new reign, a similar system of war and injustice which, there is too much 
reason to suppose, they had mainly contributed to support in the last. It 
is particularly desirable to place this subject fully before the public at the 
present moment, because it has been passed over in comparative silence by 
the two Parties in the House of Commons, and the Daily Press ; because, 
too, it will show the mockery of these professions of economy now held out 
to delude the country ; the insensibility of Government to public distress: 
and how absurd it is to expect these to save and economize, whose direct 
interest is to spend ; and that it is the most natural thing in the world 
that a body of men should, at all times, be liberal in their grant of public 
money, when large masses of it passes into their own pockets. 

That the reader's patience inay not be exhausted, we shall not carry the 
inquiry further back than the latest period of the government of George III. 
From the year 1804 to 1811 the average annual expenditure of the Civil 
List amounted to ^1,102,683. On the commencement of the regency, 
this branch of expenditure increased enormously. From 1812 to 1816, the 
average annual expenditure of the Civil List was c£l,371,000, being an 
increase of ^268,317 over the expenditure of George IIL This augmen- 
tation arose chiefly from the profusion in the royal household ; from the 
expense of furniture and tradpsmen's bills ; of upholsters, jewellers, glass 
and china manufacturers, builders, perfumer?, embroiderers, tailors, and 
so on. The charge for upholstery, only for three quarters of a year, was 
^£■46,291; of linen-drapery, ^64,000; silversmith's, ,£40,000; wardrobe, 
^72,000. To provide for these additional outgoings lord Castlereagh in- 
troduced the Civil List Regulation Bill of 1816. By this Bill no check is 
imposed on the profusion of the court ; it only provides that various charges 
heretofore paid out of the Civil List, should be transferred to the Consoli- 
dated Fund, or provided for by new grants from parliament; in other 
words, that the Civil List should be augmented to the amount of its in- 
creased expenditure. By this arrangement an additional burden was im- 
posed on the public amounting to ^253,768, being the total of the charges 
of which the Civil List was relieved. 

Among the charges transferred from the Civil List were ^33,000, payable 
to the junior branches of tlic royal family, and which were to be paid 
out of the Consolidated Fund ; and also salaries to the amount of ^3,268 
to certain oflicers and persons. All the charges, for the outfit of ministers 
to foreign courts, or presents to foreign ministers, incidental expenses in 


The Civil List. 

the Treasury, deficiencies of fees to secretaries of state, and in the law 
department, amounting to cflQVjOOO, were to be provided for by new 
grants from parliament. Various charges for furniture and other articles, 
heretofore provided by the lord chamberlain for public offices ; the expense 
of collars, badges, and mantles, for the orders of the Garter, Bath, and 
Thistle ; and all expenses for repairs of public offices and buildings, at the 
Tower, Whitehall, and Westminster ; for works in St. James's Park and 
private roads, estimated at ,£25,000, were to be provided for by new grants. 
The total deduction of charges being, as before stated, of255,768. 

Now it is obvious that to the amount of these charges the income of the 
Crown was augmented, and that the scale of extravagant ex{fenditure, in 
the four first years of the Regency, from 1812 to 1816, forms the basis on 
which the Civil List is now provided. On the accession of the king no 
alteration was proposed in the Civil List Regulation Bill of 1816; it passed, 
as is observed by the writer of a ministerial pamphlet, with " the entire 
approbation of all parties;'* that is, ' all parties,' without inquiry or ex- 
amination, concurred in making a permanent addition to the king's income 
of a quarter of a million over that enjoyed by his predecessor. 

But to judge of the immense disproportion in the incomes of the two 
sovereigns, it is necessary to advert to the alteration in the value of money. 
The average expenditure of the late king, from 1804 to 1811, was 
„£l,102,683. The average price of u'heat, from 1804 to 1811, inclusive, 
was S7s. 6d. per quarter. The average price of wheat, in the last gazette, 
is 48s. 8c?. indicating a rise in the value of money, as measured l)y corn of 
near 50 per cent. The price of labour, profits, tithes, rents, and interest, 
have all fallen in nearly the same proportion ; so that it would not be too 
much to reckon an income of £()0 equivalent to an income of £lOO in the 
period selected for comparison ; and, consequently, that the expenditure 
of George III. of £l,\02,QS3, in a depreciated currency, was not more 
than an expenditure of „£ 66l,609 at the present value of money. Had, 
therefore, the Civil List of the King been fixed at the same nominal amount 
as the Civil List of George III., it would have been virtually 40 per cent, 
greater ; but, besides being at the same nominal amount, one-fourth less is 
to pay out of it; so that the real addition to the income of George IV. is 
not less than seventy-five per cent. ; an arrangement, we are told, with 
" the entire approbation of all parties." 

The extravagant nature of the present settlement nuist be plain ; we have 
compared it with the latest expenditure of George III. and, allowing for 
the alteration in the currency and the charges transferred to other funds. 


The Civil List. 

the difference is considerably more than Half a Million. But, in contrasting 
the expenditure of the two sovereigns, it ought to be borne in mind that 
the late king was liable to many outgoings, from which his successor is ex- 
empted. Of this nature were a large family — the immense sums expended in 
the improvement of Windsor-castle— the charge of furnisiiing and decorating 
the apartments in the palaces for the princesses — their removal to and from 
Windsor, estimated at ^20,000 — the journeys to Weymouth — and furnish- 
ing apartments in Kensington-palace for the Princess of Wales ; all which 
tended to swell the royal expenditure in the seven years selected for com- 

We conclude, therefore, that the Civil List is the proper place at which 
retrenchment ought to begin ; and that, by a reduction of salaries in the 
household, and other economical arrangements, a saving of half a million 
might be made, without reducing the dignity and splendour of the crown 
below the standard of the latest period of the government of George III. On 
this statement, drawn from papers laid before parliament, in 1816, it is un- 
necessary to comment. The injustice of pouncing on a few poor clerks, while 
the great leviathan of expense remains uncurtailed, is apparent. The truth is, 
as before observed, ministers have no wish to retrench ; it is not ihe'it policy 
to do so, and their attempts that way are mere delusion, as must be evident 
from their passing over in silence the profusion we have exposed. While, 
however, a reduction in the public expenditure is clearly the only means by 
which all classes can support their diminished income, one cannot suppose the 
enormous gulph of the Civil List will remain unexplored. Both parties, 
for obvious reasons, have shown a reluctance to bring the subject before 
parliament ; for it is by indulging the king in a lavish expenditure that ' the 
powers that be,' and 'the powers that wish to be,' hope to be gratified. 
The country, however, has another interest, and it is right it should be made 
acquainted with it. 

When the Civil List is under discussion, it Is usual to observe statements 
in the Treasury Papers, showing how small a proportion of the sum granted 
under this head is expended in the maintenance of the king and his house- 
hold. It ought, however, to be remembered that the extraneous branches 
of expenditure were separated from the Civil List in 181(3, and the present 
amount is appropriated almost exclusively to the support of the royal 
dignity. The sum applied to this purpose may be classed under the follow- 
ing heads. First, his majesty's privy purse. The sum set apart for this 
object under the late king was i:tiO,000 ; his successor (there being no 
Prince of Wales) receives, in addition, the revenues of the duchies of 


The Civil List. 

Lancaster and Cornwall ; the former about ^10,000, the latter, ^flSjOOO, or 
e£25,000 a year jointly ; besides ^6000 payable out of certain colonial funds, 
making the total allowanceforthe privy purse of91,000. This sum is consi- 
dered the king's private property, not applicable either to household expenses 
nor any public object ; it is the royal pocket or pin money : — a foolish thing 
unknown till the late reign, and appears to have been originally intended 
to gratify a puerile avarice in George III. To the king's privy purse 
may be added the bills of his majesty's tradesmen, the disbursements in 
the departments of the lord chamberlain, lord steward, &c. and the sum 
of ,£65,000, payable out of the Consolidated Fund, in discharge of the 
king's debts while prince of Wales. The total individual expenses of his 
majesty may be stated as follows : — 

£ s. d. 

Privy purse 91,000 

For the payment of the king's debts 65,000 

Tradesmen's bills 209,000 

Salaries &c. in the lord steward's department .... 41,866 10 

Ditto in the lord chamberlain's 59,062 8 

Department of the master of the horse 27,743 

Department of the master of the robes 1,080 

Surveyor-general of works 10,946 6 3 

505,697 16 11 

With the exception of the two first sums, the remainder are taken from 
the estimates of lord Castlereagh, in 1816. The total exhibits the expense 
of a King. We shall make no reflections, institute no invidious compa- 
risons with the United States, nor compare the few sentences dropped at the 
opening and close of every session with the exposition of the American 
President, nor surmise for a moment whether the country would be better 
or worse supposing we had no King at all ; his expenditure applied to relieve 
public distress, and the Government carried on, both in name and reality, 
by his ministers. 

" When we see (says Rabelais) the print of Garagantua, that has a 
mouth as large as an oven, and swallows at one meal twelve hundred pounds 
of bread, twenty oxen, a hundred sheep, six hiindred fowls, fifteeen hun- 
dred horses, two thousand quails, a thousand barrels of wine, six hundred 
peaches, &c. &c. who does not say that is the mouth of a King ?" 
- The subject of the revenue of the crown is far from being exhausted,and indeed 
it is not easy to give a clear view of tlie various branches of the royal expen- 


— I — • I II I .. 

The Civil List. 

diture. The Civil List allowance, as settled last session agreeably to the 
extravagant estimate of 1816, is .£1,062,01 1 ; half of which is expended as 
above, the remainder in salaries and allowances, and in the payment of a 
class of pensions limited by 22 Geo. III. to o£&5,000. In this expenditure 
is not included pensions to the royal family, amounting last year to 
^327,066. Besides which is another gross item called Civil List Con. 
tingencies, of uncertain amount, consisting of charges for repairs of public 
buildings, presents to foreign ministers, and the King's travelling and sailing 
expenses : all these sums form what may be properly called the Civil 
List Expenditure. In 1817, parliament voted ^500,000 for Civil List 
Contingencies; and in 1818, ^700,000; in later years ^300,000 ; what has 
been the cost of the Irish and German excursions is not yet ascertained. 

We shall conclude this subject with observing, that it is impossible to give 
a complete statement either of the total income or expenditure of the 
Crown. Many funds, some of which we shall shortly explain, neither their 
amount nor disbursement are considered within the cognizance of parlia- 
ment, and are at the uncontrolled disposal of Ministers, to be lavished on 
their friends and supporters. And though parliament votes a fixed sum for 
the Civil List, yet, when this is exceeded, it is always ready to discharge 
arrears that may have accumulated by new grants ; so that, virtually, there 
is no limit to the royal expenditure. The sums voted for the Civil List^ 
in the last reign, amounted to 59 millions ; but then the debts of the king, 
amounting to betwixt 8 and 9 millions, were discharged nine times. The 
way in which these debts had been incurred could not always be ascertained 
from the mannerthe subject was brought before parliament. We will give an 
instance. In 1777, during the American war, the king's debts amounted to 
^618,000 ; papers were produced containing a disguised statement how this 
incumbrance had been incurred : vast sum« were expended in secret service 
money, and half a million was stated under the head of the board of works : 
but then, as Mr. Belsham observes, no one could tell on what palace, garden, 
or park, the money had been laid out. In short, there is too much reason 
to suppose, that the debts of the last reign were mainly contracted in sup- 
port of the system of war and injustice in which ministers were engaged, in 
obtaining the baneful influence which silences all opposition, which has 
swept away all traces of pui)lic liberty, and laid the foundation of present 
distress and embarrassment. 

It sometimes happens that money is voted for one object and applied to 
another: thus, in 1812, „f 100,000 was votetl to the Regent as an outfit; 
which, instead of being so applied was appropriated to the litjuidation of the 


The Civil List. 

prince's debts, and the public called upon for a new grant, on the pretext of 
defraying the expense of furniture at Brighton, Again, when the subject 
happens to be unpopular, a sum is asked much less than necessary, and 
the deficiency made up from other sources. Thus, last year, Ministers 
asked only <£ 100,000 to defray the expense of the coronation, a sum vastly 
inadequate; and the public probably will never be acquainted with the real 
cost of that ceremony, the deficiency being made up from these secret and 
uncontrolled funds we are going to expose. 

Her edit art/ Revenues. 

Under this head is included the portion of the ancient revenues still re- 
maining at the disposal of the Crown : namely, the property of persons 
dying intestate without heirs, the produce of the Scotch hereditary revenue, 
the Droits of Admiralty, the Leeward Island and Gibraltar duties, the 
income of bishoprics during vacancies, with some other items of smaller 
amount. The average yearly produce of these funds, during the late 
reign, independent of the Civil List Allowance, was ^fSOOjOOO ; part 
of which sum was paid into the privy purse, 'part applied to defray the debts 
of the Civil List, and a considerable proportion devoted to parliamentary 
corruption, to the payment of pensions and gratuities to members, their 
wives, daughters, sisters, and other connexions. 

On the demise of the King, and the old Civil List contract having ex- 
pired, a fair opportunity presented for abstracting these immense funds from 
the grasp of the Executive and placing them under the control of parliament. 
Why, indeed, should they continue in the hands of Ministers ? Every 
branch of the public service is provided for from other sources ; the king has 
his Civil List, supplies are voted for the army and navy, no salary high or 
low but there is some fund for its discharge. What then could ministers want 
with the Admiralty Droits or the West India duty ? To v/hat useful purpose 
could they apply the property of the English sailor and the Barbadoes 
planter? Even granting that pensions and gratuities are sometimes neces- 
sary to reward meritorious services, had the " Collective Wisdom" ever 
shown any reluctance to vote ample sums for these purposes ? Had they been 
niggardly in their rewards to a Nelson or a Wellington ? Indeed, it is clear 
there was no good reason for the retention of these funds, and that they were 
intended for objects very different from the reward of public services. 
The nature of these services it will be proper to illustrate^ as, by the me- 


The Civil List. 

morable decision of last session, the Hereditary Revenues remain at the 
mercy of ministers ; and thus did the new reign auspiciously commence 
with a virtual addition of half a million to the Civil List and all the old 
machinery of parliamentary corruption. The subject was partly exposed 
in the Black Book, but, since then other revenues of the Crown have been 
brought to light, and, to complete what is there said, it will be necessary 
briefly to recapitulate the different funds now at the disposal of Adminis- 

The first and most important of which are the Droits of Admiralty. 
This fund, as the reader may remember, arises principally from the sale of 
the enemy's ships, taken before a formal declaration of war. From 1793 
to 1818 it produced between eight and nine millions; and formed, during the 
late war, and perhaps was one cause of its continuance, an inexhaustible 
mine for relieving the necessities of royalty, and supporting ministerial 
profusion. Besides applications to these objects, there were other disburse- 
ments from this fund still less creditable, and one of which is very remark- 
able. It relates to the famous smuggling voyage of sir Home Popham. 
This gallant officer entered various investments outwards, in a ship called 
Etrusco, commanded by sir Home, and bound from one of the ports of 
Italy to the East Indies. Captain Robinson, appointed on that station for 
the prevention of smuggling, seized the vessel and her cargo, value ^25,000, 
being contraband or smuggled goods, was condemned as good and lawful 
prize. Dr. Lushington having moved for various papers relative to this 
transaction, it appeared, by a warrant of the Treasury, signed Mr. Charles 
Long and others, as lords of the Treasury, that the loss of „£25,000 
sustained by captain Popham, in smuggling, was made up to him by a grant 
of the same sum out of the Droits of Admiralty. When all the documents 
relative to the affair were upon the table of the house, and Mr. C. Long 
and sir Home Popham, being both members, were present, Dr. Lushing- 
ton moved, " That sir Home Popham, in being detected in knowingly 
carrying on an illegal traflic, had acted in contempt of the laws of his 
country, contrary to the duty of a British subject, and to the disgrace of the 
character of a British officer ; and, further, that the grant of „£25,00U by Mr. 
Long to him out of the Droits of Admiralty, had been a gross mis-application 
of the public money." After solemn debate on this question, not a single 
fact being denied or disputed, ' the Guardians of the Public Pui-se ' fully 
acquitted sir Home Popham and Mr. Long of all blame, by a majority pf 
126 to 57! — " When," says the author of the " Guide to Electors," "one 
member of parliament can thus give to another such a sum of money as 


The Civil List. 

ofSSjOOOout of the Droits of Admiralty, it accounts for that loyal clamour 
which we hear so incessantly in parliament, of this fund being the private 
property of the king." For other applications of the Admiralty Droits we 
must refer to the " Black Book," especially to the manner the Rev. 
Mr. Daniels, author of " Field Sports," a broker in evidence, became 
entitled to ^5000 out of this fund.* 

The second considerable branch of revenue, at the disposal of Ministers, 
is the Four and a Half per cent. Leeward Island Duties. This fund pro- 
duces from fifty to sixty thousand pounds a-year, and consists of a tax 
of 4§ per cent, imposed on produce in the island of Barbadoes and Leeward 
Isles. It was created by a colonial law of Barbadoes, nearly two hundred 
years ago, and, by the terms of the act, was to be applied to tlie ef ection 
of public buildings, the repair of courts, and other colonial purposes. In 
the reign of Charles II. it was seized by the courtiers, and continued to be 
abused till the reign of Queen Anne ; when, on a representation of the 
abuses of the fund, it was formally renounced by the queen and parliament 
in favour of the island of Barbadoes, and tlie original purposes of the act 
creating it. It has again fallen into abuse : the natural children of the Royal 
Dukes, the members of botli Houses of Parliament, their relatives and 
connexions, having got almost entire possession of the fund. The parties 
in the smuggling transaction just related are inscribed here. The gallant 
Sir Home is lately dead, but his pension of ^500 survives, being a rever- 
sion payable to his widow. Mr. Long's pension of ^flSOO is dated 
February, 1801, consequently, the right honourable gentleman has received 
„£3 1,300 principal money from the 4^ per cent. fund. He is a lay-pluralist, 
filling several places; but all appear insufficient to reward hh public services 
without providing his widow a pension of o£750, payable on his death. 

Many other names, not ' unknown to fame, ' are found on this fund. The 
famous pension to the executors of Edmund Burke is paid out of the 4§ 
per cent, duties. Nearly the first names on the list are Mary and Maria 
Hunn, the mother and sister of Mr. Canning, whose public services are 
well known and duly appreciated ; but the public services of Mrs. Hunn 
and her daughter, Maria Hunn, are not so clearly understood. It may be 
remembered that the motion of Mr. Brougham, last session, to rescue the 
West India duty from ministerial grasp, was strenuously opposed by Mr. 
Canning, and, apparently, with good reason : the right honourable gentle- 

* See Document No. IV. 



The Civil List. 

man observing, with his accustomed modesty, ' tliat there never was a time 
when public men were so free from all imputation of pecuniary taint.' 

One name on this fund, the Guide to Electors observes, should never be 
forgotten; it is general Crauford. The way in which this officer entitled 
himself to „£1200 a-year for life is deserving of attention. Every body 
remembers the fatal expedition to Walcheren, when forty thousand men 
were suffered to perish in that pestilential climate, owing to the incapacity 
of Lord Castlereagh and the duplicity of Mr. Canning. When this business 
became matter of discussion in the House of Commons ; when it was made 
apparent to every man in England that it was to the squabbles and ignorance 
of these men that this great national calamity was to be attributed ; it was, 
nevertli,eless, resolved, by a majority of two hundred and seventy-five, to 
negative the censure which was moved by Lord Porchester (now Lord 
Carnarvon) against ministers on that occasion. But the triumphs of minis- 
ters did not stop here. A vote of approbation of the ministers was abso- 
lutely moved and adopted by a majority of two hundred and fifty-five. 
Tlie member who had the eflrontery to move this vote of approbation was 
general Crauford. But this officer had a further claim on ministerial 
gratitude ; he had recently become connected by marriage with the duke 
of Newcastle ; he represented and commanded the parliamentary interest 
of that nobleman ; he had eight votes to give to ministers on any occasion. 

The following items are inserted as they stand in the Parliamentary 
Paper, No. 22, 1820: 

" Lady Augusta De Araeland, 24th Oct. 1806, . . . .^1292 10 

Ditto, 24tli Oct. 1806, .... 185 10 (I 

Ditto 27th Feb. 1813, 23110 

Ditto, Special Warrant,.... 1650 5 6" 

This is pretty well. Of the public services rendered to the planters of 
Barbadoes by lady Augusta De Ameland we are uninformed ; all we know 
respecting iier ladyship is, that she was formerly wife to the duke of 
Sussex: her father receives a pension out of this fund, and her motlier, tiie 
countess of Dunmore, is a pensioned lady. 

Passing over Mrs. Jesse Dillon, lady Louisa and lady Anna Maria 
Dawson, Miss Betty Cooper, George, Amelia, and Augustus De Curt, 
Sophia Baroness De Clifford, Lady Harriet Erskine, and sundry other 
foreign names, we come to the following inscription : 

" George Keith Elpliinstone, Viscount Keith, Sir John Leach, and Sir 
Benjamin Bloomfielcl, in trust for Sophia, Mary, Elizabeth, Augusta, and 
Amelia, Fitz-Clarenre, 9tli Spplember, 1S18, ^^2,500." 


The Civil List. 

These are the children of the Duke of Clarence, by the late Mrs. Jor- 
dan. A Thomas Jordan is also down for a pension. 

Passing over Miss Fanny Morgan, Mrs. Ricketts, and several others, we 
shall rest on Richard Wharton, esq. ^300. Richard Wharton, Esq. has 
also a pension of ^643 on the Civil List, dated 28th December, 1813. 
He was M.P. for Durham in the last parliament, and, in the general 
election, supported by all the clergy and tax-eaters, he made an unsuccessful 
attempt to oppose the return of Mr. Lambton for the county. In the list 
of this gentleman's public services is a pamphlet, either in defence of 
the Manchester Magistrates, or to show (we forget which) that parliamen- 
tary reform could do no good. 

There are some pensions charged on this fund not yet become payable. 
Of this class is the memorable provision for Lady Grenville, of ^1300 per 
annum for life, in the event of her surviving Lord Grenville. Since Lady 
Grenville obtained this grant she has succeeded to the great possessions 
of her brother. Lord Camelford. Lord Grenville holds a sinecure 
of o£4000 out of the taxes, as Auditor of the Exchequer. His eldest 
brother, the late Marquis of Buckingham, besides his great estates, held 
the enormous sinecure of the Tellership of the Exchequer, worth, latterly, 
^30,000 per annum. Lord Braybrooke and Lord Carysfort, who married 
sisters of Lord Grenville, hold, each of them, through the interest of the 
family, sinecures that are worth some thousands a-year ; and yet, after all, 
the devoted plantei-s of Barbadoes are to be mortgaged for ^1300 more 
for life. Really one cannot help admiring the wisdom of ministers in 
calling the Grenvilles to their assistance ; there is no family on whose 
services they have so just a claim, for they are completely bound up in the 
system in all its parts ; and at a moment when it is endangered, when 
retrenchment is demanded from all parts, it is right that the Grenvilles, 
above all men, should stand forward to its support. * 

The Scotch Hereditary Revenue forms a third fund at the uncontrolled 
disposal of ministers. It yields annually about ^100,000, and accrues from 
rent, customs, excise, fines, forfeitures, and other sources. One half the 
produce is paid in pensions, the remainder in donations to the Episcopal 
Clergy, and other objects, apparently of no public utility. In no part of 
the United Kingdom is loyalty so well paid as in Scotland, for in no part are 
there such ample funds to reward devotion to ministers. The annual value 
of places and pensions shared among Scotch Freeholders and Burgh- 

See Dotumenl No. V, 


'ITie Civil List. 

mongers is estimated at ^1,750,000, equal to half the rental of Scotland, 
The Scotch pensions which, at the commencement of the late reign, 
amounted only to 19, in the year 1797 had swelled to 185, and, in 1808, to 
351, two-thirds of these pensions being granted to females. 

A fourth source of royal income is the Gibraltar Duties. It is provided 
by the original charter, granted to this place, by Queen Anne, in 1704, that, 
for the augmentation of trade, no duty or imposition shall be imposed upon 
any vessel trading or touching at the port ; and that the goods and chattels 
of the inhabitants should enjoy an immunity from taxation. In violation 
of these chartered privileges various taxes were levied during the whole of 
the late reign, and part of the proceeds paid into the privy purse. These 
taxes were imposed without the authority of parliament, merely by the 
fiat of the governor ; and some recent impositions appear, — a tax on liberty 
of conscience. Mr. Hume stated* that a capitation tax of ten dollars each 
had been imposed on all Roman Catholics and Jews, to commence from 
January, 1818. Taxes had also been imposed on licences to sell spirits, 
fishing-boats, lighters, and billiard-tables. The collector of these illegal 
imposts resides in Lincoln's Inn, and executes his duty by deputy. 

There are other funds at the disposal of the Crown, but of their nature 
and extent we have no precise information. The most important are the 
the Crown Lands ; an immense mass of property forming the ancient patri- 
mony of the sovereign, consisting of woods, forests, chases, and crown 
lands, and houses let out at rents. There are sixty-nine forests and thirteen 
chases. Ihe crown-lands and messuages leased out are at very low rents, 
and, it is calculated, when the leases fall in, they will produce a clear rental 
of ^200,000. The woods, forests, and chases, it is thought, may be 
brought to produce ^00,000 more, forming an aggregate revenue of 
^'400,000. This sum alone, it might be supposed, would be sufficient to 
support the crown in dignity and splendour, without a shilling being exacted 
for the maintenance of a Civil List. 

We shall conclude our enumeration of the Hereditary Revenues, and the 
objects to which they have been applied, with a few general observations 
on the whole of the preceding statement. 

I'irst. — The present income of the Civil List is to an unprecedented 
amount, and ought to form the first object of economical reduction. 

Sccondli/. — ^Thc income of the Civil List, as settled by the act of last 
session, h formed on tiie basis of the extravagant expenditure during the 

Common?' Deb;iUJ, Mn> 4. 


The Civil List. 

first years of the Regency ; when, from profusion in the household, and other 
departments, the outgoings exceeded, by more than a quarter of a million, 
the outgoings in the seven last years of the government of George III. 

Thirdly. — That, allowing for the alteration inmoney, and the transfer to 
other funds of charges heretofore paid out of the Civil List, the real income 
of George IlI.exceeds thatof his predecessor at least seventy-Jive per cent. 
Fourthly. — That the total income of the Royal Family, accruing from 
the Civil List allowance, pensions out of the Consolidated Fund, the 
Hereditary Revenues, and annual grants for Civil List Contingencies, is more 
than tivo millions annually. 

Fifthly. — That this immense income forms the proper subject for reduc- 
tion ; and that to reduce the salaries of the inferior servants of government, 
while this charge remains uninvestigated, appears futile and unjust, and 
does not evince a sincere desire in Ministers to relieve public distress by 
eifectual retrenchment. 

Sixthly. — There is a large mass of floating revenue, accruing from the 
ancient income of Scotland, colonial duties, escheats in cases of illegitimacy, 
quit rents in the colonies, sale of lands, and other sources, producing, in 
the last reign, more than twelve millions,* which is neither applied directly 
to defray the charges of the Civil List, nor to any public object, but forms 
a constant fund in the hands of ministers, that may be applied by them to 
reward, by pensions and gratuities, such members of parliament as vote 
uniformly in their favour. 

Seventhly. — That the vote of last session which continued this fund to Minis- 
ters, and which made no reduction in the Civil List Allowance, on account 
of the alteration in money, and the removal of charges to other funds, was 
the most improvident that could be imagined, though it was such an one as 
might be expected from a body of men directly interested in the abuse and 
profusion they supported. 

Lastly. — ^The whole subject of the crown revenues calls loudly for revision 
and inquiry ; no branch of the public expenditure presenting such a mass 
of incongruity, abuse, and profusion. There is nothing either simple, 
dignified, or economical, in the present arrangement. A Civil List is voted 
by the House of Commons ; of which part is given to the king as pocket' 
money by his ministers, that is, his servants ; part is expended in supporting 
the household ; part in defraying the salaries of the lords of the treasury, 
and in paying a part of the salaries of the judges and speaker of the House 

• See Document No. Vlll. for total araouat of Heiedilaij Revenues. 


The Civil List. 

of Commons; then comes a list of trifling and absurd payments to the 
mayor of Macclesfield, to the corporation of Lyme Regis, for repairing 
the pier, to schoolmasters, seal-engravers, church-wardens, to the City of 
London for wine, to the Greenwich astronomers, to the keeper of the lions 
in the Tower, inchuling extra allowance for the animals. Now, one might 
ask in what way is the king's dignity maintained by his Civil List being bur- 
dened with these absurd and incongruous payments ; or, we might ask, 
where is the propriety of paying the salaries of the judges, and other public 
officers, partly from one fund and partly from another, some of them being 
paid from seven or eight different funds. Can this serve any object, except 
to mislead the public as to the real amount of their incomes, and keep up a 
system of collusion and abuse. Lastly, we might ask, where is the utility 
of the House of Commons voting a fixed sum for the Civil List, or scru- 
tinizing the different items of the royal expenditure, when, by another 
vote, it leaves immense funds, of uncertain amount, at the uncontrolled 
disposal of the Crown. 



The Civil List. 

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The Civil List. 

No. II. 

Actual Expenditure in these Departments, either now or formerly, apper- 
taining to the Civil List Expenditure, for the Year ending bth 
January, 1821. [^Annual Finance Account s."] 

Civil List of England and Ireland £\,QQl,0\ I 

Royal Family Pensions ^.. 327,066 

Individual Pensions (Consolidated Fund) 168,78 1 

Civil List Contingencies 347,898 

His Majesty's Secret Service Money 53,347 

Courts of Justice (England) 65,138 

Salaries and Allowances 56,948 

Pensions on Hereditary Revenue of Excise and Post OfHce . . 27,700 

Mint 13,800 

Civil Government in Scotland (Pensions and Salaries) 132,081 

Permanent Charges in Ireland 38 1 ,504 

Total.. .£2,636,264 


An Account shozving hoiv the Sum of ,-£'300,000, granted in the last 
Session of Parliament, to enable his Majesty to provide for such Ex- 
penses of a Civil Nature as do not form a Fart of the ordinary Charges 
of the Civil List ; — and the unappropriated Balance remaining on the 
8th April, 1820, o/ ^/ie ^wm o/ /300,000, granted in the Session 1819, 
for the like Service ;— together with the Sum of ^25,466 13s. also 
granted in the last Session of Parliament, to make good to the Civil 
Contingencies the like Sum advanced thereout in the Year 18\9, for 
Public Services, not being Part of the ordinary Expenditure oj the 
Civil Contingencies — have been applied — to the 25th January, 

1821. \ Abstract.] 

£ s. d. 
Monuments to officers in pursuance of addresses of the House 

of Commons 2,719 1 

Expense of conveying persons of distinction, ambassadors, 
governors, tf< fl/m, to their respective places of destination 3,18() 3 


The Civil List. 
Allowance to naval officers in respect of duties on wine. . .^567 3 

Extraordinary Expenses incurred in the departments of 
the Lord Chamberlain for furniture, &c, supplied to 
certain public offices, and for other services, not forming 
a part of the Civil List, in the quarter ended 1 0th Octo- 
ber, 1819: — 

John Calvert, Esq. secretary to the Lord 
Chamberlain, for furniture, &c. supplied 
the two houses of parliament, and 
speaker's house £iQ6 17 8 

Ditto, ditto, the public offices, White- 
hall, and Westminster 593 14 

Ditto, ditto, to pay the Fulham toll-bar- 
keeper, the chapel-keeper, Whitehall, the 
paving-rate, Piccadilly, and other small 
payments . . , U6 6 

Ditto, ditto, for providing collars, 
badges, and mantles, of the several orders 
of the Garter, Bath, and Thistle ; silver 
trumpets for the life-guards and horse- 
guards blue ; gold chains, badges, and 
mantles of the officers of the several 
orders; silver collars and embrodered 
coats for the heralds ; furniture, clothing 
for the crew, and other articles for the 
royal yachts ; septennial and triennial 
services for the drummers ; and royal 
standards for the life and foot guards .... 1,575 14 6§ 

Ditto, ditto, for expenses of plate, &c. for 

his Majesty's ambassadors and governors 155 5 

Ditto, ditto, to the fees and charges on 
issues made to him for payment of those 

expenses -v... 90 4 

938 1 2§ 

In the Lord Steward's department in 

the year 1819:— 
George Talbot, Esq. paymaster of his Mu- 


The Civil List. 

jesty's househpld, to enable him to defray 
expenses incurred in 1819, on account of 
the Aigerine ambassador o£994 3 

To pay the fees and cliarges thereon 34 5 

of 1,028 8 

Various PUBLIC SERVICES 142,986 12 5^ 

The following are a few of the disbursements under this 
head : — 

Jolm Bruce, Esq. for the expenses of the state-paper-office, 

for half a year ended 5th July, 1820 659 1 1 4f 

Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph D'Arcy; in full compensation 
for his claims and expenses for the superintendence and 
control of the five Persian youth sent to this country for 
education by the Prince Royal of Persia 1,260 15 8 

Adam Rolland, Esq. on account of extraordinary expenses 
incurred in Scotland, in consequence of bills of indict- 
ment for high treason having been found against ninety- 
eight persons, and the trials which followed in several 
counties in Scotland 6,159 10 

Thomas Henry Plasket, Es(j. for expenses attending the 
creation of General Charles Count Alten as an honorary 
knight grand cross of the military order of the Bath 348 1 8 

Ditto towards defraying the charge of the superinten- 
dence of aliens in the three-quarters of a year ended 
5th July, 1820 5,232 16 

George Paroissen, clerk, et al. ; for the relief of the poor 
French Protestant refugee clergy, one year ended 10th 
October, 1820 1,673 17 

James Belloncle, et al. ; for the relief of the poor French 

Protestant refugee laity, ditto 2,yOO 

The poor of St. Martin's in the Fields, et al. ; certain 
smallcharitableand other allowancesfor half year ended 
5th July, 1820 583 7 5 

George Maule, Esq. solicitor for the affairs of the Treasury ; 
to be applied in defraying the expenses incurred in the 
proceedings in support of the bill relative to her Majesty 
the Queen ^ 46,000 

William Holmes, Esq. treasurer of the ordnance, to dc- 


The Civil List. 

fray the expenses of the repairs of the cobb, at Lyme 

Regis o£4,119 

Thomas Hoblyn, Esq. for payments made to the persons, 
and for the services following, viz. — 

To Mr. George Fitcher, for care of the garden opposite 
to St. Margaret's church, Westminster, for one year to 
31st December, 1820 52 10 

To Professor Buckland, for reading a course of lectures 
on mineralogy, at Oxford 

Ditto, ditto on geology, at ditto 

To Professor Rigaud, ditto on experimental philosophy, 
at ditto - 

To Professor Kidd, ditto on chymistry, at ditto 

To Professor Gumming, ditto on ditto, at Cambridge 

To Professor William Clarke, ditto on anatomy and phi- 
losophy, at ditto . ^. • 

To Professor E. D. Clarke, ditto on mineralogy, at ditto 

To Professor Farish, ditto, as Jacksonian Professor, at ditto 

To Professor Christian, ditto on the laws of England, at 

ditto.. 100 

To his Excellency Prince Esterhazy, for a collection of 
maps, lately belonging to the late Prince Moritz Lich- 
tenstein, for the use of the office of secretary of state 
for the foreign department 405 

Extraordinary expenses of foreign ministers, &c. 

Sir Charles Stuart (France) 592 9 6 

Ditto for maintaining British palace, in Paris, in repair in 

1819 525 7 11 

Charles Richard Vaughan, Esq. secretary to the embassy, 

for expenses of journey from Madrid to Paris 327 12 

Lord Stewart, for post-office charges and salaries to secre- 
tary and chaplain for quarter ended January 7, 1820, 
(Austria) 339 8 6 

Ditto, for court mourning and salaries ditto for July 

quarter 641 3 3f 

Sir Charles Bagot, for fees, secretary, and sound-duties on 

a service of plate fSt. Petersburg) 72B 1 5 Ak 










The Chnl List. 

Louis Duncan Casamajor, Esq. acting min. plenipo. at 

ditto, for fees and post-charges, one quarter o£'128 17 5 

The Hon. Frederick Cathcart, sec. to ditto, for expense 

of journey from London to Petersburgh 359 8 9 

Ditto, for having acted min. plenipo. for thirty-nine days, 

fees, stamps, &c ..^.. 345 13 6 

The right Hon. Sir George Rose, for extras, one quarter 

(Prussia) . 238 17 9 

Percy Viscount Strongford, late min. plenipo. at Stock- 
holm, for hiring a vessel to forward a Swedish mail to 

England and fees 62 10 6 

Charles Manners St. George, charge d'affaires, at Stock- 
holm, extras 180 19 2 

Augustus John Foster, extras, two quarters (Copenhagen) 130 13 6 

The hon. Frederick Lamb, min. plenipo. Munich, extras 249 6 

Brook Taylor, Esq. ditto, one quarter 83 13 2 

Ditto, fees and stamps on appointment 287 9 

Ditto, post-charges and estafettes, one quarter 88 15 6 

Lionel Harvey, charge d'affaires, extras (Mimich) .... 36 4 9 

The hon. William Temple, sec. of legation to the diet of 
Frankfort, for acting as charge d'affaires, for one quarter, 

at the rate of J!3 per diem, aad fees 296 6 

Ditto, for twenty -four days ^ . . . . 84-16 3^ 

Ditto, for sixty-seven days 2'20 o 

Ditto, for post-office charges and salary to Mr. Mande- 

ville, belonging to the mission, two quarters 305 13 5 

Sir James Gambler, consul-general in the Netherlands, for 
expenses incurred in his Majesty's special service, 

1819, 18'20 524 1 6 

Edward Cromwell Disbrowe, sec. of legation to Swiss can- 
tons, for travelling expenses to Lucerne and fees and 

stamps on appointment 19'~' 13 10 

Ditto, sec. of legation, for acting as charge d'affaires .... 314 7 6 
John Philip Morier, Esq. envoy to Dresden, extras .... 103 14 3 
Brook Taylor, Esq. envoy to Stutgard, fees and post- 
charges 107 19 

Alexander Cockburn, envoy to ditto, for expenses of re- 
moval from Hamburgh, fees, stamps, &c 596 1 6 

Sir Henry Wcllcslcy, K.B. min. plenipo. fil/nrf/u/; 313 9 



The Civil List. 

Lionel Harvey, sec. to ditto e£443 9 

Edward Michael Ward, Esq. sec. of legation at Lisbon, for 

acting as charge d'affaires sixty-nine days and fees .... 230 5 10§ 

Ditto, for forty-four days 150 17 1 

Ditto, sixty-seven days and one quarter 506 7 6 

Ditto, one quarter, ended October, 1820...... 314 17 6 

Ditto, post-charges and fees 217 4 10 

John Jeffery, Esq. consul-general, for different fees 274 11 

John Crispin, consul-general at Oporto, for ditto 525 18 10 

Henry Camberlain, Esq. for expenses on special service 

(Brazils) 257 8 

The right hon. Sir William A'Court, for expenses extra 

and secretary 401 6 8 

Ditto, for expenses in unrolling and decyphering the Her- 

culaneum MSS. and fees 521 17 6 

Lord Burghersh, envoy to Florence, extras 438 5 6 

The hon. William Hill, niin. plenipo. at Turin, for attend- 
ing the court on a visit to Genoa and back and fees. ... 148 6 6 

The hon. Algernon Percy, charge d'affaires, ditto 36 7 10 

John Bomcester, Esq. consul-general ditto, for an ordinary 

entertainment 14 6 8 

Gibbs Crawford Antrobus, Esq. charge d'affaires at the 
United States, for couriei-s, post-charges, and fees, three 

quarters 75 1 9 6 

The right hon. Sir Robert Liston, min. plenipo. to the 
Sublime Porte, for post-charges, expenses of dragomen, 
repairs of the British palace salary, to M. Chabert, hos- 
pital expenses, and fees 803 7 2 

Bartholomew Frere, Esq. on special mission to the Porte 

and fees 1,034 10 

Henry Willock, Esq. ditto to Persia 2,073 8 

Ditto, for attending the Schah, for repairs to the British 

palace, for presents, and fees 399 15 2 

Richard Oglander, Esq. consul-general at Tunis 419 2 6 

Hugh M'Donnell, Esq. ditto Algiers 593 4 

Patrick Wilkie, Esq. ditto Carthagena 1 ,058 5 

Thomas Reynolds, Esq. ditto Iceland 72 12 6 

Richard Rochfort, Esq. consul at Enibden 112 13 11 

George During, Esq. consui-gcneial at Trieste 78 15 9 


The Civil List. 

Samuel Gregory Marshall, Esq. consul at Ostend o£ 112 13 11 

Ditto, for loss on giving up his house and expense of re- 
moval from Enibden 326 12 6 

Thomas George Jaques, Esq. late consul at Ostend, for 

expense on his Majesty's special service 163 1 6 

Samuel Lowdin Jenkins, Esq. consul at Archangel 64 17 8J 

Thomas Hoblyn, Esq. for expenses of two estafettes from 

Cuxhaven to Hanover 6 17 1 

Ileimbursement of fees on salaries 3,946 4 4 

o£23,t)40 2 4i 

Outfit anu equipage of ministers at foreign 

COURTS 13,369 3 3 

Presents to ministers of foreign courts. 

Sir Robert Chester, knight, master of the 
ceremonies, as a present from his Majesty 
to his excellency Mirza Abdul Hassan, 
ambassador extraordinary from his Majesty 
the King of Persia, about to take leave. .^1,000 

To pay the fees, &c J8 ^ 

Ditto, ditto, to the Duke of San Carlos, 
his Catholic Majesty's ambassador, having 
been recalled from his embassy 1,000 

To pay the fees, &c -^8 5 


l.OJS 5 o 

Ditto, ditto, to Monsieur de Schwaz, about 
to leave this country, having accomplished 
his special mission from the King of ^V ir- 
temberg, to dehver letters from his Sove- 
reign to condole on the death of his late 
Majesty and his late royal highness the 
Duke of Kent, and to congratulate his 
present Majesty on his happy accession . . 500 

To pay the fees, &c 33 15 

)33 15 O 


The Civil List. 

Sir Robert Chester, knight, as a present from his Majesty 
to Count de Tanentzien, from the King of Prussia, on 
the like occasion o£533 15 

Ditto, ditto, to Count Moltke, from the King of Denmark 

on the like occasion 533 15 

Ditto, ditto, to General the Baron de Bjornstjeind, from 

the King of Sweden, on the like occasion 533 15 

Ditto, ditto, to the Prince Cestelcicala, am- 
bassador extraordinary from the King of 
the Two Sicilies, on the like occasion ..ofljOOO 

To pay the fees, &c 58 5 

1,053 5 

Ditto, ditto, to General Neuffer, late envoy 
extraordinary and min. plenipo. from the 
King of Wirtemberg, about to take leave 500 

To pay the fees, &c. 33 15 

533 15 

Ditto, ditto, to Count Palmella, envqy ex- 
traordinary and min. plenipo. from the 
King pf Portugal, about to take leave . . 500 

To pay the fees, &c 33 15 

533 15 

Stephen RoUeston, Esq. as a present to the 
Prussian chancery on the exchange of the 
ratification of a treaty signed at Frankort, 
on the 20th July, 1819 -« 1,000 

To pay the fees, &c 58 5 

1,058 5 

Ditto, ditto, to the Russian chancery on the like occasion 1,058 5 

Ditto, ditto, to the Austrian chancery on the like occasion 1,058 5 

Messrs. Rundell, Bridge, and Rundell, in 
discharge of their bill for snuff-boxes, 
as presents to the ambassadors of his most 
Christian Majesty, and of the Schah of 
Persia, the minister of the grand duke of 
Baden, and Ali Pacha 4,912 5 7 

To pay the fees, &c. ' 249 

5,161 5 7 

Ditto, in discharge to their bill for a large 


Ue Civil List. 

brilliant rosette, as a present to the Scliaii ; 
and brilliant rings as presents to the Prince 

Royal and Vizier of Persia 9,575 8 

To pay the fees, &c 476 6 

10,051 14 

i: 24,764 19 7 

Total c£'215,493 13 lOi 

Crown-Revenues, — Droits of Admiralty. 

No. I. 

A Summary Account of all Monies received as Droits of the Cromn 
and of the Admiralty ; specifying the Nations from which they have 
arisen, from the 1st of February, 1793, to the 29th of May, 1818. 
Ordered to be printed, June, 1818. [Abstract.] 

£ s. d. 

Registrar of the High Court of Admiralty 5,077,210 9 

Receiver-General of Droits 489,885 10 9 

Commissioners for the care of Dutch Droits ^ 1,286,042 6 10 

Commissioners for the care of Spanish Droits ,.. . . . 1,293,313 19 7 

Commissioners for the care of Danish and other Droits .. 348,261 6 5 

Total i:8,494,719 12 7 



The Civil List. 

No. II. 

An Account of the Total Net Produce of the 4| Per Cent. Barbadoes 
and Leeward Island Duties, from 1809 to 1818, both inclusive; dis- 
tinguishing each Year, zvith the Application thereof; specifying whether 
by Payments to the Exchequer by Way of Salaries or Pensions; to- 
gether with the Names to whom such Salaries and Pensions were paid ; 
with the Date on which such were first granted, so far as relates to the 
Husband of the said Duties. [Parliamentary Paper, No. 22, 1820.] 

Net Produce 


received by the 

remitted to 






Receiver General. 

£ S. d. 

£ s. 


£ s. d. 

£ s. d. 

£ s. d. 


36,387 9 

1,131 17 


20,388 6 8 

1,619 12 b 

19,131 17 8i 


25,802 18 9 

5,882 3 


18,725 9 9 

2,327 18 3 

6,581 4 71 


23,233 9 2 

9,129 12 


22,588 19 4 

2,035 10 5 

13,129 12 31 


40,462 16 5 

6,115 6 

20,327 19 4 

1,661 9 8 

27,431 9 7 


35,669 17 10 

2,681 11 


20,468 2 2 

1,731 4 3 

16,224 14 10-| 
22,210 13 31 


No Books. 

1,699 16 


No Books. 

No Books. 



2,280 16 


19,547 19 7 

1,152 12 8 

19,280 16 92 



1,333 6 


24,052 6 9 

1,708 8 3 

26,857 11 5 



1,246 5 

20,478 11 6 

1,990 4 11 

27,246 5 



513 13 


29,013 18 6 

1,258 9 8 

25,013 13 4 

No III. 

A List of Pensions and Salaries paijable out of the 4§ per Cent. 
Barbadoes and Leeward Island Duties, from 1809 to 1818, both inclu- 

Pensioners' Names. 

Date of the 
King's Warrant, 


William Lord Auckland , 

Eleanor Lady Auckland , 

George Baron Auckland 

Edmund Burke, Esq. during the lives of 
Lord Viscount Royston, Philip Earl ol 
Hardwicke, and Anchitel Gray, Es4. and 
the longer liver of them .... ........ . . . 


14 Nov. 1774 . . 
11 Jan. 1805 .. 
1 July, 1814 .. 

24 Oct. 1795 . . 

£ S. d. 







The Civil List. 

Pensioners' Names. 

Date of the 
King's Warrant. 

Edmund Burke, Esq. during the lives of 
the Princess Amelia, Lord Viscount Al- 
Ihorp, and Lord George Henry CaveudisJi, 
and the longer liver of them ..,. .......... 

Walter Burrows and Paul Patrick, Esqrs. in 
trust for Mary and Maria Hunn 

Henry Cowper, Esq. 

Charles Craufurd, Esq 

Mrs. Alicia Campbell 

Miss Elizabeth Cooper. ^^^^ 

Lady Louisa Dawson . 

Lady Ann Maria Dawson ... 

Andrew Dickie, to pay the late servants of) 
the younger Princes ^ 

Lady Augusta D'Amcland 




Mrs. Caroline Julie Durant, and James Corson, 
Esq. in trust for George, Amelia, and Au 
gustiis, De Curt 

Sophia Baroness De Clifford 

Mrs. Jesse Dillon 

Mi's. Eliza Despard 

John Earl of Dunmore. 

Lady Harriet Erskine 

George Keith Elphinstone, Viscount Keith, Sir 
John Leach, and Sir Benjamin Bloomfield 
in trust for Sophia, Mary, Elizabeth, Au 
gusta, and Amelia, Fitz-Clarence , 

William Henry Cavendish, Duke of Portland, 
and William Wyndham, Baron Grenville, 
in trust for Henry Fagell, Esq 

William Gordon, in trust for Patience Gordon 

James Grange, Esq. and Mary Godwiw Grange 

Sylvester Barun Glenber 
Miss Harriet Gore 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton, in trust for her 
daughter, Mary Ann Picrpoint Hamilton . , 

Samuel Viscount Hood, ,i'200O per annum ; 
after his decease o£l50() to Susannah Vis- 
countess Hood; and, after their decease, to 
Henry Viscount Hood, ^1500 per annum . 

Rosalie Huyghues 

John Hosier and Thomas Bernard, Esqrs. during 
the life of Miss Margaret Bernard 

24 Oct. 1795 .. 


20Mav, 1799.. 


21 Nov. 1797 .. 


27 Nov. 1801.. 


28 Feb. 1818 . . 


12 Nov. 1800 .. 


10 Oct. 1800 .. 


10 Oct. 1800 . . 


By Quarterly ^ 
WaiTants,. va- ' 





rving trom . . } 



24 Oct. 1806 . , 



24 Oct. 180(j .. 



27 Feb. 1813 .. 



Special Warrant 




20 Oct. 1805 .. 


28 Sept. 181(i .. 


28 Sept. 1816 .. 


4 Feb. 1818 .. 


Special Warrant 




10 Oct. 1800 . . 


9 Sept. 18 ii 

21 June, 1798.. 
20 Oct. 1797 .. 
;; June, 1814.. 
31 Dec. 1814 .. 
15 Sept, 1801.. 
20 Oct. 1797 .. 

20 June, 1798. 

17 June, 1800. 
16 .Uily, 1804. 


^ S. d. 




745 2 




91 5 

Dec. 1796 ..300 



The Civil List. 

Pensioners' Names. 

Date of the 
King's Warrant 


John Hosier and Thomas Bernard, Esqrs. during 
the life ot Thomas Tyringhain Bernard, Esq. 

Henry Hobart and John Sullivan, Esqrs. in 
trust for the five younger children of George 
Hobart, Esq. deceased 

2 Dec. 1796 

10 Jime, 1803. 

o£ s. d. 

Ann Houghton 28 Sept. 1816 

John Graham Hewett, Esq 

Mrs. Janett Hobart , 

Mrs. Marian Irving 

Mrs. Marian Irving and William Collow, Esq 
in trust for Lillias Catherine Marian Irvine 

Thomas Jordan , 

The Right Hon. Nicholas Vansittart and Ed- 
ward Gale Boldero, Esq. in trust for Cecilia 

Margaret Locke 

The Right Hon. Charles Long 

Miss Fanny Morgan 

William Price, Esq. and Lieutenant-General 
William Cartwright, in trust for Lou 
Countess of Mansfield, and Robert Fulke 

Greville, or the survivor 

The Right Hon. John Mac Mahon 

Lady Caroline Parnell 

Mrs. Hannah Pollock 

Caroline Countess Dowager of Portarlington ; 
after her decease ^200 per annum to each of 

her four daughters 

Mrs. Sophia Ricketts 

Robert Banks Jenkinson, Lord Hawkesbury, 
and Edward Watts, Esq. in trust for Isabella 


Ann Rochet 

William Selwyn, Esq. ,.. 

Nathaniel Middleton, in trust for Charlotte 

John Earl of Chatham and the Bishop of Lin- 
coln, in trust for Lady Hester Lucy Stanhope 

Richard Shirley 

Robert Mitforcl and John Unwin, Esqrs. in 
trust for Mrs. Charlotte Sargent and John 

Sargent, Esq. ._.. ,, 

Dr. William Short .' 

Sir William Sidney Smith 

Henry Strachey, Esq. 

Richard Wharton, Esq. 

William Waugh ... 

Thomas Wilson, Esq. 

24 May, 1817 
10 June, 1803. 
8 Oct. 1800 . 

8 Oct. 1800 . 
28 Sept. 1816. 

21 .Tune, 1799. 
7 Feb. ISOl ., 
15 May, 1804.. 

8 Mar. 1814., 
18 July, 1817., 
10 Oct. 1800 ., 

4 Feb. 1818 ., 

10 Oct. 1800 ., 
19 June, 1800., 

19 June, 1800.. 
26 Sept. 1816.. 
9 July, 1798.. 

3 April, 1806.. 

30 Jan. 1806 .. 
28 Sept. 1816.. 

14 May, 1804.. 
28 Sept. 1816 .. 
18 July, 1818 .. 
4 July, 1796 .. 

27 Dec. 1813 .. 

28 Sept. 1816.. 
23 July, 1787.. 







103 10 









46 16 













The Civil List. 

No. IV. 

Pensio^is payable out of the 4\ per Cent. Fund, so far as relates to the 
Exchequer. [Parliamentary Paper, No. 23, 1820. Abstract.] 




















Tiie Earl of Chatham . 











The Earl of Kinnoul . . 











James C ran find 







Mary Martin "1 

Sarah Ditto \ 











Alice Ditto J 

Fredes. Savory 




















Charlotte Tod 


















Sir Home Popham . . . 
Sir Abraham Hume,for1 











Rd Thomas and St. \ 











V. Master 

Ditto, for St. V. F. 1 
ditto, alone . . . .J 


Henry Master 

Isabella Master 





















Ivd Thomas Master . . . 




. — 







General Charles Ver-"l 
lion J 








Diana Hotham 










Earl of Chatham, efj 

al. for Lady Lucy \ 

Taylor J 

Ditto, for the seven"! 
chiklrcn of ditto . ./ 








— - 












Ditto, Lady Ciriseldal 
Tekell J 











Edw. G. Boldero, for 

Georgiana Lock . . 1 
Lucy F. ditto • • • | 











Emily F. ditto . . . 

Renresentatives of 1 
Henry Ellis ... .J 











Frances Tucker 













The Civil List. 

No. V. — Crown-Lands. 

An Account of the Sums received by the Receivers General of the 
LAND-REVENUEybr England and Wales, Jrr»m the 5th of January, 
1820, to the 5th of January, 1821 ; also, of the Perpetual Pensions 
charged thereon, and the Charges nf Management. [Annual Finance 
Accounts. Abstract.] 

Middlesex ^ 

London 5 

Bailiwick of St. Jarae; 

Essex -> 


Huntingdon .... 


Sussex ...,..,. 






Soutliampton. . . . 




Salop , . , 




Warwick ...... 



Surrey . , 







Devon , 


York , 

Nottingham , 


Westmorland . . . . 



Northumberland . . 

North Wales 

Chester , 

South Wales 

Feb. 1821. 


Receivers General. 


Bishop of 

Chester ' 

Jos. Ilickey, Esq. ' 

Abraham Purs- 
house Driver, 
and Edward 

JosephArmishaw, j 
late Receiver . \ 

JohnDugmore. . . 

Samuel Kendal . 
Josiah Fairbauk . 

William Custance 

Receipts to 
5th January, 18 

28116 11 

15093 15 9 J 

2727 3 If 

4912 10 lOi 
1773 16 

Richard Hawkins . 2840 3; 

John Bower. 

John Fryer 

14057 16 10§ 

2346 10 8 

3377 18 11 
2641 11 b\ 
3971 2 4 

1428 15 
735 13 
1867 13 

253 17 11 

283 11 2 
10 10 

John Wilkin, Esq. 
JohnGriifitli,Esq. \ 
late Receiver . \ 
John Wilkin, Esq. . 
Rich. Barry, Esq. J 
late Receiver . \ 

Total ^' 91052 14 

W. H.Cooper, Auditor. 

R. Gray, Acting Auditor for Lincoln, Nottingham, Derby, and Chester. 
Albeiit Badger, Actin;; Auditor for the Principality of Walosand 
County of Monmouth. 

146 13 a 

1001 9 3 

24 15 
42 13 

180 16 5 

96 10 

663 18 9\ 

6443 16 3 

Charges of 


839 17 3 

9 12 9 

32 12 
504 4 

277 19 4| 

658 10 6 

195 17 

3922 5 01 



The Civil List. 

No. VI. 

An Account of Fines paid for Leases of Crown-Lands, in the Year 
ending bth January, 1821; distinguishing the Dates of the Receipts; 
the Names of the Lessees ; the Estates ; and the Amount of the Fines. 

Dates of 

Names of Lessees. 


Amount of 

February 5 

March 1 

William Allniitt . . 

George Davies 

Joseph Charles Davis . 

William Wright . . . 

CA Messuage on the I 
J north side of Lit- I 
j tie Ryder-street, j 
t St. James's . . .J 

A Messuage on the" 
north side of Pos- 
tern-row, Little 
Tower-hill, (in- 
cluding inter- 

£ s. d. 


{A Messuage on the^j 
north side of I 
Great Ryder-st. f 
St. James's. . .J 

{Two Messuages on I | 
the north side ot I _^ ^ ^ 
Postern-row, Lit- f , ^^^ ^ ^ 
tie Tower-hill . . J 



W. D. Adams, J Coijimissioners of His Majesty's 
Hennj Dawkins, 3 Woods, Forests, and Land-Revenues. 

Office of Woods, &c. 
1st March, 1821. 


Tlie Civil List. 

No. VII. 

[The following Document is very important, being a 
Return of the Total Produce of the Crown-Re- 
venues during the late Reign.] 

An Account of the Total Produce of all Funds 
at the Disposal of the Crown, and deemed not to be 
under the immediate Control of Parliament, since 
the Accession of his late Majesty. 

£ s. d. 

Droits of the Admiralty and Droits of the Crown, from 

1760 to 1820 9,562,614 4 6^ 

4i per Cent. West-India Duties, from 1760 to 1820 . . 2,116,484 

An Account of the Surplus of Gibraltars Revenues, 
remitted to England, from 1760 to 1820, after dis- 
charging Garrison-Expenses 124,256 10 7 

Scotch Civil-List Surplus from 1760 to 1820, now ap- 
propriated as it may arise, under the Act 50 Geo. 
III. c. Ill, in aid of the Civil List in England . . . . 207,700 

Escheats to His Majesty, in cases of illegitimacy or 

otherwise, from 1760 to 1820' 214,647 15 

Escheats to His Majesty, being the property of Alien 

Enemies, from 1760 to 1820 108,777 17 8 

French West-India Islands, Funds arising by sale of 

lands in the islands; ceded at theTeace of 1763 . . . 106,300 

Minorca, Martinique, St. Croix, and St. Thomas, and 
from the Settlement of Surinam, while the same were 
in the possession of His Majesty — Revenues arising 
from these Islands 159,816 7 

Quit Rents, &c. in the British Colonies, and from all 
other sources not before enumerated, from 1760 to 
1820 ; casual Revenues arising from 104,865 3 2§ 

Total .... of 12,705,461 11 T 


The Civil LkU 

The preceding documents have extended further than we intended, but 
their importance, and the difficulty most readers have in obtaining correct 
information on the subjects to which they relate, will apologize for their 
length. Those on the Civil List Contingencies, and the total amount of the 
Hereditary Revenues, are particularly valuable. Altogether, they contain 
a full exposition of the Civil List Expenditure and the Crown-Revenues, 
and will be of particular utility on the approaching discussion of these sub- 
jects, on the motion of Mr. Lennard, in April. Since the publication of 
the first Number, the Chancellor of the Exchequer has announced that the 
King intends to give up ^30,000 of the Civil List, a sum bearing no propor- 
tion to the augmentation it has received. It is little more than the revenues 
of the Duchies of Cornwall and Lancaster ; it is little more than one-ninth 
of the amount of charges of which the Civil List was relieved in 1816, and 
not one-eighteenth of the total augmentation on account of the transfer of 
charges and the alteration in the currency. Nothing ought to satisfy the 
public short of Half a Million, still leaving the King a greater income than 
his predecessor, in proportion to his outgoings. 


The Sinking Fund. 




THOUGH the Sinking Fund is founded on as gross a fallacy as ever 
deluded a nation, yet, if we examine the subject attentively, we shall find 
that Ministers have similar reasons for adhering to it that they have for 
adhering to any other part of the system. 

First, the keeping up of the Sinking Fund is a pretext for keeping up 
taxation. They cannot repeal the Salt-Tax : why ? because they must keep 
up the Sinking Fund ; they must have five millions, that is the precise sum, 
to pay off the Debt and keep faith with the public creditor. Then, having 
got the country gentlemen to vote the five millions, they are completely 
tied up the remainder of the session. If a motion be made to repeal any 
tax, the ministers tell them,— " Why, gentlemen, you cannot vote for this 
motion, you only the other day voted five millions for a Sinking Fund ; 
what you give one day surely you would not take away the next : but, if 
you repeal the Salt-Tax, you encroach on the five millions, and thereby 
nullify your former vote and lay prostrate public credit." The Noodles 
gulp down this without hesitation.—" No, no," say they, " we must not 
do so ; having given the noble marquis a Sinking Fund, we must keep it up; 
we must be consistent." So they vote the continuance of the Salt-Tax ; 
Old Londonderry laughs at the success of his wiles ; Gooch and Stuart 



Tlie Sinking Fwui. 

Wortley tell their constituents that they have not voted the tax to support 
a lavish expenditure, but to pay off the Debt ; and the system works on 
" with the entire approbation of all parties." 

Secondly, a Sinking Fund serves to keep up a certain amount of pa- 
tronage, fees, and emoluments, which, without such a pretext, must be 

Lastly, it leaves a surplus sum at the disposal of Ministers ready to be 
devoted to any object they may deem expedient. They may employ it to 
subsidize foreign despots, to enter on a new war in support of legitimacy, 
or to supply deficiencies in the Civil List, or any other department of ex- 
penditure. That the money is voted for other purposes is no security that 
it may not be so applied ; experience having shown that Ministers have 
never hesitated to avail themselves of the Sinking Fund when it suited their 

I — History of Sinking Funds. 

Having adverted to tiie real motives of Ministers for keeping up the 
Sinking Fund Bubble, I siiall preface the exposition of the Bubble itself, by 
giving a short account of the different plans that, at various times, have 
been put forth for the redemption of the Debt. 

The first plan for the discharge of the Debt, formed on a regular system, 
and conducted with a considerable degree of firmness, was that of the 
Sinking Fund, established in 1716. The author of this plan was the Earl 
of Stanhope ; but as it was adopted under the administration of Sir Robert 
Walpole, it is commonly denominated from him. The taxes which had 
been laid on before, for limited periods, being rendered perpetual, and the 
produce of them being greater than the charges, the surplusses were united 
under the name of the Sinking Fund, and appropriated to the discharge of 
the Debt. The legal interest had been reduced from six to five per cent, 
about two years before, and, as that reduction was conformable to the com- 
mercial state of the country, government was able to obtain the same re- 
duction on the interest of the* Debt, and apply the savings in aid of the 
Sinking Fund, In 1727 a further reduction of the interest of the Debt from 
five to four per cent, was obtained, by which nearly ,£400,000 was added 
to the Sinking Fund. And, in the year 1749, the interest of part of the 
debt was again reduced to three and a half per cent, for seven years, and 
to three per cent, thereafter; and, in 1750, the interest of the remain- 
der was reduced to three and a half per cent, for five years, and to three 


The Sinking Fund. 

per cent, thereafter, by which a further saving of near ^600,000 was added 
to the Sinking Fund. 

An erroneous opinion appears to have been entertained then as well as 
subsequently, of the importance of applying the produce of the Sinking 
Fund invariably to the discharge of the debt, and borrowing by new loans 
when the exigencies of government required it. Accordisgly, we find 
from 1718 to 1728, being a period of peace, ^6,168,732 was borrowed 
towards the supplies. The sum applied from the Fund, in the same period, 
amounted to ^6,648,000, being a very little more than the additional debt 
contracted in that time. 

In 1728, the Fund was charged with the interest of the loan, and this was 
also done in the loans of the following years, and the additional taxes im- 
posed to pay the interest of the loans were applied direcdy to the Fund. 

Soon after the plan of preserving the Fund inviolate and borrowing by 
new loans was abandoned. In 1733, ^500,000 was taken from the Fund 
towards the supplies of the year. In 1734, ^1,200,000 was taken from it 
for the same purpose; and, in 1735, it was anticipated and mortgaged. 
Afterwards the operations of the Fund, in time of peace, was feeble, its 
produce being often directed to other purposes ; and, at that time, the 
nation had no other unappropriated revenue, except the annual land and 
malt taxes, which were inadequate to the expense of a peace-establishment 
on a moderate scale. It was, therefore, necessary, if no additional taxes 
were imposed, to have recourse to the Fund, or to the absurd system of 
discharging old debts by contracting new ones. In the peace which followed 
the treaty of Utrecht, being a period of twenty-six years, the longest the 
country ever enjoyed, the amount of debt discharged was only ^7,231,508. 
In time of war, the produce of the Fund was applied to the service of tlie 
year, and loans only made for the additional sums wanted. 

The produce of the Fund, at its commencement in 1717, was £323,439 

Medium annual produce, from 1717 to 1726, both inclusive, 577,614 

1727 to 1736 1,132,251 

1737 to 1746 1,062,170 

1747 to 1756 1,356,578 

1757 to 1766 2,059,406 

and it continued to increase afterwards. 

It is unnecessary to trace the operation of this Sinking Fund Delusion 
further. It was continued, nominally, in the accounts of the Exchequer till 
the establishment of Mr. Pitt's Sinking Fund, in 1786; but it did little in 
tjme of peace, and nothing in time of war, to the discharge of the Debt. 


TTie Sinking Fimd. 

Dr. Price says, that, at the time he wrote in 1772, it had aflorded about 
twenty millions towards the payment of the Debt in fifty-six years, being 
nearly ^357,000 annually at an average. If, from this sum of twenty mil- 
lions, we subtract the debt contracted from 1718 to 1738 the remainder is 
nearly equal to the debt discharged in periods of peace ; so that the first 
Sinking Fund, like that we are going to describe, served no object further 
than entailing an additional expense on the country for management. 

Mr. Pitt's Sinking Funds. 

The present Sinking Fund was established under Mr. Pitt's administration 
in 1786. The various branches of revenue then existing were united under 
the name of the Consolidated Fund. Besides the interest of the debt, this 
Fund is charged with the Civil List, and other pensions and grants from 
parliament. In 1786, tlie surplus of the Consolidated Fund, being one 
million, it was vested annually in the hands of commissioners for the re- 
demption of the debt, to be applied for purchasing capital, in such stocks 
as they should judge expedient, at the market prices. To the one million 
was to be added the interest of the debt redeemed, and annuities falling in 
by thefadure of lives, or the expiring of terms for which they were granted, 
and life annuities unclaimed for three years were considered as expired, and 
added to the Sinking Fund. When the Fund exceeded four millions it was 
enactefl that tiie surplus sliould be at the disposal of parliament. 


Another Sinking Fund was established this year of one per cent, on the 
nominal capital of each loan, to which the dividends on the capital redeemed 
by this Fund were to be added. When annuities for a longer term than 
forty-five years, or for lives, were granted, the value which would remain 
after forty-five years was appointed to be estimated, and one per cent, on 
that value set aside for their redemption. This F'und was appointed to be 
kept separate, and applied for the redemption of the debts contracted sub- 
sequent to its institution, by which means it was estimated that every loan 
would be redeemed in forty-five years, at furthest, from its contraction. 

In the same year, i;400,000 was granted in aid of the former Sinking 
Fund, and i'200,000 was granted, by annual acts, for the same purpose, 
till 1802, when the grant was rendered perpetual. Savings, by the reduction 
of the rate of interest of the debt, were appointed to be added In tiiat Sink- 


The Sinking Fund. 

ing Fund, but no savings of this kind took place till the present year; when 
there appears a prospect of a saving, by the conversion of the five per cent, 
navy annuities into a four per cent, stock. 


The country was now blessed with two Sinking Funds, one accruing from 
the surplus of the Consolidated Fund, the other from the one per cent, on 
all loans. This year the application of one per cent, on the capital of loans 
to the Sinking Fund was deviated from. A part of a loan of sixteen mil- 
lions was charged on a tax then imposed, called the Aid and Contribution 
Tax ; for which the Income Tax was substituted in the following year. In 
like manner, a part or the whole of the loans, for several years, was charged 
on the Income Tax, and no Sinking Fund of one per cent, provided for 
their redemption. This system was abandoned in 1802, when all the loans 
were united, and the interests of these loans charged on the Consolidated 


The system of a Sinking Fund, of one per cent, on loans, subsequent 
to 1802, was revived, and has been followed in all loans, except that of 
1807, when Lord Henry Petty's plan was adopted. The limitation of the 
Sinking Fund to four millions enacted at its commencement, and a similar 
limitation in 1792, were repealed ; and the application of annuities whose 
term was expired, and of savings by the reduction of rate of interest to the 
Sinking Fund, was repealed. 

Lord Henry Petty's Sinking Fund. 

In 1807, lord Henry Petty (now marquis of Lansdown) being Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, brought forward a new plan of finance. It was 
accompanied with an elaborate set of tables, and, being very complex, was 
not generally understood. As it, however, promised to raise the necessary 
loans with little or no increase of taxes, it was favourably received, and 
probably would have been continued for some years if the Whigs had re- 
mained in office. 

In this plan the annual deficiency to be supplied by loan was proposed 
to be raised by mortgaging the war-taxes to the extent of ten per cent, on 
the sum borrowed ; the surplus of which sum, mortgaged, after paying for 
interest and management, was to form a Sinking Fund for redeeming the 


The Sinking Fund. 

debt, and thereby disengaging the part of the war-taxes mortgaged, in 
a certain number of years, according to the rate of interest at which the 
loan was transacted. Thus, if the interest and management was five per 
cent, there would remain five per cent, as a Sinking Fund, and this would 
pay off the debt in fourteen years. Advantage was also to be taken of the 
falling in of annuities at different periods, by the expiring of their terms, of 
the reduction of the rate of management of the debt, and of an expected 
surplus from the present Sinking Fund. 

It is unnecessary to enter into a further detail on tliis plan, as the minis- 
try who planned it did not remain long in office, and it was not followed out 
after the first year. Like the plans by which it had been preceded and suc- 
ceeded, it did not contain any device either for raising the supplies or 
paying the Debt, otherwise than by first taking the money out of the 
pockets of the people. 

Mr. Vansittart's Sinking Funds. 

The SiEUR Van is the last Sinking Fund-Monger we sluill l)ring forward. 
The Sieur's plan of finance, proposed in 1813, and adopted by Pailiament, 
is a modification of Mr. Pitt's Sinking Funds, and, among other objects is 
intended to rescind the alterations which had been made in these Funds, as 
originally established in 1786 and 1792, and restore them, as far as practica- 
ble, to the state in which they would have stood had no such alterations 
taken place. As these alterations have been noticed in the preceeding 
summary it is unnecessary to recapitulate them. The Van's plan was at- 
tended with the same palatable feature which accompanied lord Henry Pet- 
ty's, of promising an exemption from taxes for the three next years and a 
smaller amount of them in the succeeding years. The manner of obtaining 
the former of these points was by declaring the debt of 1786 cancelled, and 
allocating the Sinking Fund provided for it to bear the charge of the new 
loans. In other words, the Sinking Fund, which had accumulated under 
former systems, was destined to relieve the present and future exigencies of 

The plans of Mr. Vansittart was neither better nor worse than the plans of 
his predecessors ; like them it served to amuse and delude, but, in principle, 
it was the same. If tlie taxes for the present were lighter, the debt for the 
future was greater. And this must l)e the fate of all Sinking Funds; when 
taxes are not imposed to the amount of the expenditure, an increase of 
debt to a higher amount than the sum saved in taxes is inevitable. It was 


The Sinking Fund. 

planned, however, in accordance with the general principles of administration. 
Their policy is not to provide for the future by laying a solid foundation, but 
to enjoy the present and rub onwith as little noise and inconvenience as possi- 
ble, regardless in what ruinous condition the state-edifice descends to the 
next occupants. 

Under Mr. Vansittart's auspices the Sinking' Fund may be said to have 
entirely disappeared. The name, however, was preserved, and every year 
Parliament and the public were amused with a statement of the hundred 
millions of debt redeemed, and the amount of a Sinking Fund of 16 or 
17 millions. This is all delusion ; no such Fund existing except on paper. 
The Sinking Fund has been all appropriated to defray the expenses of the 
late war. In 1819, Mr. Vansittart said the revenue would exceed the ex- 
penditure by the sum of ^2,000,000; with this sum and the addition of 
^3,200,000 of new taexs he proposed to form a real Sinking Fund (' not 
a sham one') of Jive millions. This Fund proved as visionary as its prede- 
cessors. In the present year, 182'2, the Sinking Fund is again to create 
de novo by the conversion of the five per cents, certain reductions in the 
expenditure, and the keeping on the Salt Tax, Next year will doubtless 
bring a similar failure in the Sinking Fund, and similar pretexts for keeping 
on the old or imposing new burdens. 

II. — On the Delusiveness of Sinking Funds. 

In the preceeding section it appears that every new minister had a new 
plan for the redemption of the Debt, and that, notwithstanding the different 
forms under which each plan was introduced, they had all the same result, 
namely, an increase of taxes and an increase of debt. 

In this section I shall first endeavour to show that the principles on which 
the Sinking Fund was founded are fallacious, that it neither has nor ever can 
reduce the Debt. Secondly, that, instead of reducing the Debt, it has been 
one principle mean of its augmentation. Thirdly, that the keeping up the 
delusion of a Sinking Fund has cost the country thirty millions of money, 
and entailed a permanent burden in taxes of nearly a million and a half; a 
sum greater than the saving to be effected by the conversion of tiie five per 
cents, into the four per cents. Lastly, I will show that, allowing there is a 
surplus revenue, it would conduce more to support public credit as well as the 
public interest, provided taxes were remitted to the amount of the surplus, 
or the surplus itself, annually applied to pay off a certain portion of the Debt, 


Tfie Sinking Fund. 

without the intervention of the expensive machinery of the Sinking Fund. 
After establishing these points, it will not be easy to conceive how any one 
can be deluded into the support of taxation on the pretext of maintaining 
the Sinking Fund. In our illustrations, we extremely simple and 
elementary, beginning with the very a b c of the subject, and tracing it 
downward through all its mutations to the present year. 

To establish our first affirmation, the fallacy of the Sinking Fund, it will 
be first necessary to say a word on the nature of interest. Interest is of two 
kinds, either simple or compound ; simple interest is that which is allowed 
for the use of the principal only ; compound interest, called also interest on 
interest, is that which is allowed for the use of both principal and interest 
taken together. 

If money be lent at simple interest, suppose five per cent, per annum, it 
will double itself in twenty years ; that is, if the interest be forborn that 
time, it will equal the principal. If money be laid out at compound inter- 
est, on the same terms, it will double itself in little more than fourteen 
years ; so that the different rate at which money increases by simple and 
compound interest is very considerable. To illustrate this by an example, 
we will suppose =£100 lent at five per cent, compound interest, for one hun- 
dred years. At the expiration of the first fourteen years (omitting the 
fraction of a year) it would amount to .£200 ; at the expiration of the second 
fourteen years to o£'400 ; at the expiration of the third fourteen years to 
^800 ; and so on, doubling itself at the expiration of every fourteen years, 
till, at the expiration of the one hundred years, it would have increased to 
the sum c£l4,112 ; while, had the same money been put out at simple in- 
terest, it would have amounted only to £600 ; £"500 being the interest of 
£■100 for one hundred years, at five per cent, per annum. 

Now it is on this power of money to accumulate, at compound interest, 
that the present Sinking Fund was established. Dr. Price, an ingenious 
man, calculated that a penny, or a farthing, I forget which, laid out at 
compound interest, at the birth of Christ, would, at the time he wrote, have 
accumulated to several globes of gold, each globe as large as the earth. 
This was really prodigious ; and the Doctor was so pleased with the result, 
that he thence conceived the idea of paying the whole Debt. He thought 
that if a sum of money, no matter how small, could only be once laid out 
at compound interest, it would, in a century or so, amount to a sum equal 
to the Debt itself, and, by means of which, the Debt might be discharged. 
All the Doctor wanted was titue ; money he did not want, except a farthing 
or a penny to begin with. Nothing could be more alluring; to pay off 


The Sinking FuAd. 

the Debt by so small a sum as one penny, seemed, next to a sponge, the 
cheapest way imaginable. 

Doctor Price ceminunicated his scheme to Mr. Pitt, who appears to 
have been aS much captivated as the Doctor with the discovery. This 
was in 1786 ; a time favourable for the experiment, the country being at 
peace with all the world, commerce and agriculture just recovering from 
the effect of the American contest, and, what was more, there was a 
surplus revenue of a million to begin with. This million, it was resolved, 
should be set apart to " fructify" by the miraculous powers of compound 
interest, agreeably to Dr. Price's calculations. Commissioners were ap- 
pointed to take charge of the sacred deposit, which, on no pretext, was 
to be violated : and thus did the Sinking Fund, which, like little David, 
was to bring down the Goliah of the Debt, commence. 

All at once, however, the people were seized with a strange panic, 
from entertaining the most gloomy apprehensions that the debt would 
never be paid they began to fear it would be paid too soon ; the globes 
of gold had so bewildered the public mind that it was apprehended, from 
the sudden payment of the debt, the country would be overwhelmed with 
money and unemployed capital. To avert so dire a calamity, Mr. Pitt 
announced his intention to pay off ^f '4,000,000, annually, and no more. 
Here the subject rested for some yeai's, and we must beg leave to rest also. 
Having stated fairly the principles of the Sinking Fund, we must now ex_ 
pose their fallacy as applicable to the reduction of the debt. It is due, 
however, to Dr. Price to observe, that there was nothing wrong in his 
principles, that the effect of compound interest was correctly as he had stated, 
and that he was only wrong in his application of them. 

The first objection to the scheme of Dr. Pricie is the length of time that 
must elapse before it attains its object. Any plan for the reduction of the 
debt founded on an adherence to a particular system of finance, the 
continuance of a certain amount of taxation, or the duration of peace, 
is hardly likely to be realized in practice. These are all liable to change; 
yet a permanency in them was necessary to complete the original plan of the 
Sinking Fund. The sum set apart was on no pretext to be violated; war 
might arise demanding additional sacrifices, the ability of the country to 
support taxation might decrease, or there might arise new chancellors of 
the Exchequer with new schemes of finance, yet none of these was to inter- 
fere with the Fund. That a plan depending on such contingencies should 
be realized appears highly improbable. 

Waving, however, the objection as to izmci we will suppose the plan of 


The Sinking Fund. 

Dr.Price in actual operation ; we will suppose a million set apart to accu- 
mulate by compound interest, till it equal in amount the debt it is intended 
to liquidate. Now it is obvious, if the Debt be very large the Sinking Fund 
must be very large also ; but, supposing the debt amounts to 800 millions, 
one cannot conceive how any Sinking Fund, long before it equals in amount 
the debt it is intended to discharge, can be employed, or in whose hands it 
can be invested. Suppose the Fund amounts only to 200 millions, how can 
any government employ such a sum ? To whom are they to lend it? If they 
lend it to individuals they will want security, not only for the regular pay- 
ment of the interest but the principal. But the only adequate security would 
be land ; commercial security would hardly be satisfactory ; and, it is 
obvious, if landed security alone be accepted, the advance of 200 millions 
would make Government the mortgagees of nearly all the land in the king- 
dom. Such a state of things is chimerical, and, consequently, any Sinking 
Fund founded upon it must be chimerical also. 

Instead of reducing the Debt in this way, it is easy to conceive another 
far more economical and equally efficacious. Suppose the money forming 
the Fund had not been raised in taxes, but left in the hands of the people 
to be employed in trade and manufactures ; then suppose, at the expiration 
of a certain time, a sum is levied in taxes equal in amount to what the Fund 
would have attained ; it is obvious, on this supposition, the debt would be 
equally reduced ; but, in this case, there would be no Sinking Fund, — 
no commissioners, — no drawing money in shape of taxes and returning it 
again in shape of loan ; — in a word, there would be no delusion. 

Though the principle here illustrated is that on which the Sinking Fund 
was founded, it is not that according to which it has been conducted. The 
money forming the Fund has never, in fact, been lent to individuals, but 
employed in the purchase of stock at the market-price. The interest of 
stock so purchased has been added to the Fund, and the total employed in the 
purchase of more stock, so that, by continually adding the interest of the 
debt redeemed to the principal of the Fund, the effect has been the same as 
money accumulating at compound interest. If we compare this mode of 
employing a Sinking Fund with the former, we shall find that, if the fii-st 
was chimericalj^the second was useless, serving no object further than entail- 
ing an unnecessary expense on the public for management. 

Suppose at the end of the year there is a surplus revenue of one million 
in tlic Exchequer ; then, according to the present system, this million is 
paid to commissioners, who employ it in the purchase of stock, the stock 
«o purcliased and interest forming together the Sinking FuncJ. But, instead 


The Sinking Fund. 

of the million being vested in commissioners, suppose it is employed by the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer in the purchase of stock, where, I ask, 
would be the difference ? In both cases the same amount of debt is re- 
deemed, and the interest of the redeemed debt, being laid out in the pur- 
chase of more stock, accumulates in a compound ratio. 

It is in the latter way the Americans manage the reduction of their debt. 
When there is a surplus in the Treasury, after defraying the charges of 
government, it is applied directly to pay off such portions of the debt as 
have been advertised to be paid off, and on which the interest afterwards 
ceases to be paid. Indeed, the principle is so plain that it is astonishing 
how it can ever have been misapprehended. It is obvious to the meanest 
capacity, that if a sum of money be owing on which interest is payable 
the gain is equal whether we pay a part of our debt or lend, to a third 
person, a sum of equal amount. Government, however, has acted as if 
*here were some substantive difference in the two cases, and they have been 
supported in their folly by the " collective wisdom of the nation." 

We have not yet conducted the reader to the chief absurdity in the 
Sinking Fund. We have been all along supposing an actual surplus revenue, 
and considering the most advantageous mode of employing this surplus : but 
the fact is, there has never been any such surplus, except during the first few 
years after the establishment of the Fund. Every year Government incurred 
debt, and this debt it attempted to pay by borrowed money ; that is, it 
borrowed money of A to pay B, and in this consiss the grand bubble of the 
Sinking Fund, which we will now endeavour to expose. 

Dr. Hamilton, to whom, and a valuable article in the Traveller, we are 
indebted for much of our preceding information, was the first writer who ex- 
posed the delusion of the Sinking Fund, so as to attract general attention, lays 
down the following principle of finance : — " The exf^ess of revenue above ex- 
penditure is the only real Sinking Fund by which the public debt can be dis- 
charged. The increase of the revenue or the diminution of expense are the 
only means by which this Sinking Fund can be enlarged and its operations 
rendered more effectual ; and all schemes for discharging the National Debt 
by sinking funds, operating by compound interest, or in any other manner, 
unless so far as they are founded on this principle, are illuosry. " — Inquiry 
into the Rise and Progress of the National Debt, p. 44. 

This proposition is wholly incontrovertible, and has been, in part, already 
established. The same principles regulate the discharge of the debt of an 
individual and of a nation. Suppose an individual has contracted a certain 
extent of debt, and, afterwards, attains to circumstances which enable him 


The Sinking Fund. 

to discharge it. If no unfair measures are practised against him by his 
creditors, and if he pay the interest regularly, the sum which he must pay 
altogether, before he be clear of debt, is the amount of money he borrowed, 
and the simple interest of the same from the time of its being borrowed to 
tlie time of re-payment. - Suppose he borrows <£lO,000, and that for ten 
years he pays the interest, but no part of the principal. If the rate of 
interest be 5 per cent, he pays ^fiOO annually for interest, or o£5000 
altogether ; and if, by a sudden acquisition of wealth, he is able to discharge 
the debt, at Ihe end of ten years he pays exactly „f 15,000 altogether. 
But suppose, by an amelioration in his circumstances, he is enabled to pay 
c^lOOO annually for principal and interest. The first year he pays .£500 
for interest, and o£500 towards the discharge of the principal: the remaining 
debt is ^fQSOO, and the interest of this being ^475, if he can pay <£ 1000 
next year he discharges,„f 525 of the principal, leaving a debt of ,£8975. 
If he continue to act in this manner, applying each year c£l000 to the 
payment of principal and interest, the whole debt will be discharged in 
about fourteen years and a quarter. 

Instead of conducting the business in this way, he may pay only the ^£500 
-of interest to his creditors and lend out tlie other o£'500 at interest, and lend 
again of 500 more at the end of the next year, and so on, accumulating the 
sums lent by compound interest till they amount to <£lO,000, and then 
discharge his whole debt at once. It will require exactly the same time of 
fourteen years and a quarter to accomplish this. If he transact the business 
hunself, the second way will be attended with more trouble, but the result 
will be the same. If he employ an agent to transact the loans, he will be 
a loser by following the last-mentioned method to the extent of the fees paid 
for agency. 

Substitute millions or. ten millions for thousands and the above reasoning 
is equally applicable to the debt of a nation. If the debt be ever discharged 
it can only be done by a surplus revenue ; and if the business be transacted 
as private affairs are, the time required for the discharge of a public debt 
will be the same as the time required for the discharge of a private one, when 
the proportion of surplus revenue is the same, and this holcls whether the 
surplus be paid annually in discharge of part of the debt, or accumulated in 
a' Sinking Fund in the hands of commissioners appointed for that purpose : 
The only difference is that, in the latter method, an additional expense is 
incurred equal in amount to the fees and salaries of the commissioners, 
which would have been saved had the surplus been applied directly to pay 
a part of the Debt. 


The Sinking Fund. 

-- ■ * ■■' '■■■ .--'"^— -; 

Hitherto we have supposed a surplus revenue ; but suppose the expendi- 
ture of an individual exceeds his income ^f 500 annually, and the deficiency 
is to be made up by borrowing. The first year he incurs a debt of „£500 ; the 
second year, o£500 more, which, with the interest of the first =£500, makes 
his debt cf 1025 ; and the third year, £l55l : 5 ; and so on, till, at the end 
of fourteen years and a quarter, the total amount of debt and interest is 

Suppose, instead of borrowing ^f 300, the individual is persuaded by some 
calculator to borrow a larger sum, with a view of establishing a Sinking- 
Fund. Suppose he borrow, annually, =£600 of A, ofSOO to satisfy his 
necessities, and o£lOO to lend to B for a Sinking Fund, to accumulate by 
compound interest. If he continue this plan for fourteen years, he will, at 
the end of that time, owe A ^12,000, and B owe him ^2,000. But 
where would be his advantage ? If he has a Sinking Fund of of 2,000, his 
debt is o£] 2,000, being of 2,000 more, on account of the additional ,^100 
borrowed to established the .Sinking Fund. On this plan, it is obvious the 
borrower would not, in the least, retard the embarrassment of his affairs 
however much his Sinking Fund might increase his debt would augment 
in as great a proportion: whatever he had owing from B, he would owe in 
addition to A. 

Suppose the borrower paid for the management of his fund, he would 
incur a positive loss equal to the amount of B's charge for management. 

On this principal the Debt has been conducted. Every year a sum has 
been borrowed, not only to meet the deficiency of the revenue, but to 
support the delusion of a Sinking Fund. If the exigencies of government 
demanded a loan of twenty millions, a loan of twenty-one millions was bor- 
rowed, so that one million m,ight be set apart for the Fund. From what has 
been said» it is clear such a system was either futile or pernicious. If the 
Fund cost nothing for management it was merely nugatory j if it cost some- 
thing, it was a positive loss to the community to the amount of that cost. 

The expense of management is by no means the extent of the evil ; it has 
been a principal cause of the augmentation of the Debt. So great was the 
delusion that no one felt any concern about the increase of the Debt : whatever 
might be the amount, it was conceived the Fund would be adequate to its 
redemption. Hence public credit became as unlimited as public credulity. 
Even men, in other respects reputed enlightened, were deceived. To show 
the extent of the delusion, I will insert an extract from the speech of the 
Marquis of Lansdown, on the 29th of March, 1806, as reported in the 
newspapers. The Marquis, it nuisl be remembered, is considered a great 


Tlie Sinkiiig Fund. 

light in the upper house, a profound political economist, and the father of 
the Edinburgh Review. He thus delivers himself on the Sinking Fund : — 
" To the Consolidated Fund the country has looked for the interest of 
its debt, and for its extinction to the Sinking Fund. The best eulogium 
that could be made on the Sinking Fund was the plain statement he had 
made. There could be but one opinion in that House on the subject. It 
v;as owing to the institution qf the Siiiking Fund that the country was 
not charged with a much larger amount of Debt. It was an advan- 
tage gained by nothing, and a system likely to be attended with still 
greater advantages. Therefore, independent of considerations of good 
faith which should induce the house to hold and cling to a system once 
adopted it was pledged to support it, having positive trial and experience 
of its utility." 

Such a memorable instance of delusion was never heard of before, except 
in the followers of Johanna Southcott. Even Dr. Price himself was not so 
sanguine in his expectations; he wanted a farthing, at least, to begin with; 
but the Marquis says the advantage has been gained by " nothing !" 

Old George Rose was eciually sanguine in his admiration of the Sinking 
Fund. In his Examination into the Increase of the Revenue, he says, it 
was " an idea conceived in the spirit of inflexible integrity and economy !" 
How far the idea was economical we will examine ; and this brings us to our 
third affirmation — namely, that the Sinking Fund has caused a positive loss 
to the country to an enormous amount. The loss to which we allude is not 
that accruing from expense of management, but from the additional sums 
borrowed to maintain the Fund. 

In every loan the contractors have a profit at the expense of the public, 
and the greater the loan the greater their gain, and consequently the public 
loss. Ever since 1793, the Sinking Fund has been supported by borrowed 
money; besides the loan for the public service, an additional sum has.becn 
raised for the Fund. Had there been no such Fund, the annual loans would 
have been less by the amount of the sum paid to the commissioners for tlie 
redemption of the Debt. But it has been observed, that tlie contractors 
gain and the public lose by every penny that is borrowed. The question 
then is, supposing the sum borrowed for the Fund, since 1793, be 250 mil- 
lions ; how much has the public lost by the operation? 

Professor Hamilton has answered this question. He has ascertained the 
total loss to the public, by annually borrowing additional loans to support 
the delusion of the Fund, at thirty millions. The interest of thirty 
millions, at live per cent, per aiuuim is a million- juul a Iialf. A million 


I'he Sinking Fund. 

and a half then is the gain of the loan-contractors, and the loss to the public 
by the farce of a Sinking Fund. So much for the assertion of old George, 
that the Fund was an economical idea ; and the declaration of the Marquis 
Lansdown, that it was owing to the Fund the country was not charged with 
a much " larger amount of Debt." 

Another evil may be mentioned as arising from borrowing to an unneces- 
sary extent in a time of war. For every £\00 advanced, a certain capital 
in the three per cents, or other funds, is assigned to the public creditor, 
according to the price of the funds at the time, allowing always a profit to 
the lender. He is repaid according to the price of the funds at the time of 
repayment ; and, as the repayment is in the time of peace, when the funds 
are always much higher than in a time of war, the sum repaid is always 
much greater than the sum advanced. Hence is the loss sustained from not 
applying the Sinking Fund to the exigencies of government, instead of 
borrowing, in a depreciated currency, sums which must be paid in a cur- 
rency of greater value. 

We come to our last affirmation — namely, the advantage of applying a 
surplus revenue, either directly to the redemption of a portion of the Debt, 
or to the remissioil of taxes to the amount of the surplus. The first part of 
the proposition has been already establislied, and it only remains to speak of 
the second. 

If a surplus revenue be not applied directly to the redemption of the 
Debt, in what way can it be advantageously employed ? Ought goverment 
to lend it to individuals, to merchants, manufacturers, and agriculturists ? 
But it is from these classes the money, in tlie first instance, has been ab- 
stracted ; it is their contributions in taxes that form the surplus, and why 
should it be again lent to them in the shape of loans ? Would it not at once 
be better to repeal taxes to the amount of thes urplus ; thereby saving the 
expense accruing from first collecting it from the people, and then lending 
it back again ? Clearly such policy would tend most to augment national 
wealth, and, consequently, the ability of the community to discharge the 

But, say the advocates of a surplus revenue, it tends to support public 
credit. Here, again, they are wrong. Public credit obviously depends on 
the extent of public wealth; in other words, on the ability of the commu- 
nity to support the burdens necessary to pay the interest, or ultimately, the 
principal of the Debt. And how can this ability be augmented ? Doubtless, 
by leaving as much money a spossible to/' fructify," as the Master of Lan- 
guages would say, in the pockets of tjie people. It is not by abstracting 


ITie Sinking Fund. 

money from the community that national wealtli is amassed, but by leaving 
it to be employed in the extension of commerce, manufactures, and agri- 
culture. Every shilling levied in taxes takes from productive capital, 
thereby impoverishing the country, and consequently lessening the security 
of the public creditor. 

With this remark we shall conclude our exposition of the Sinking Fund 
Bubble. The positions we proposed to establish seem pretty well made 
out — namely, the fallacious principles on which the Bubble has been founded 
—the loss it has entailed on the country — and its abortiveness as a means of 
reducing the Debt. But though these points have long been clear to all who 
considered the subject, we have no hope that the Bubble will be dispensed 
with. Ministers have obvious reasons for supporting the delusion. It helps 
them to work the machine more easily than they otherwise could do. 
Many well-meaning presons, who would be loth to vote money to support a 
lavish expenditure or for future wars, will readily concur in taxing the 
community on the pretext of forming a fund to pay otT the Debt, and 
preserve inviolate public credit. 

If we revert to recent history, we shall find government has been carried 
on by bubbles. The French war was all a bubble. It was supported on 
the pretext of keeping out atheism and immQrality ; these, however, were 
mere bubbes, the real objects being to pre vent a reform in the representation, 
the administration of justice, and the tythe, system. Abuses in all tiiese 
were endangered by the principles of the revolution ; but then govern- 
ment coukj hardly go to war on the barefaced pretext of supporting them, 
so they went to war on the pretext of supporting religion and social order. 
New circumstances require new delusions. The country is now at peace ; 
there is no jtist and necessary uar for which to tax the people, so they 
must be taxed to keep up the farce of a Sinking Fund. 

Independently, however, of the cost and folly of the delusion, it is really 
a dangerous weapon to be vested in any administration. All governments 
are prone to war, because it augments patronage and emolument, and gra- 
tifies ambition. If we have not been involved in war ere this, it has been 
more for want of means than for want of inclination in our rulers. Who can 
suppose we should not have been embroiled about Spain, Italy, or Turkey, 
had not the Exchequer been empty ? A surplus revenue, however, on the 
pretext of a Sinking Fund, supplies this desideratum ; and we will venture to 
prophecy, if this Fund is not exhausted in domestic profusion, it will shortly 
be expended in continental politics, in the maintenance of the balance of 
pozvcr, or some object equally national and important. As to applying the 


The Sinking Fund. 

Fund to the redemption of the Debt it is a\\ gammon: old Londonderry, 
notwithstanding his palaver about preserving inviolate public credit, has got 
a better receipt for reducing the Debt than paying it off as soon as his 
necessities require the application. 

We had finished our article on the Sinking Fund, before we had read the 
speeches of Lord Liverpool and the Marquis of Londonderry, on the 15th 
and 26th of February. Both these speeches have been published in pam- 
phlets, apparently corrected by the speakers, and circulated with consider- 
able pains. As they appear to contain the ultimate views of government 
relative to the Sinking Fund, differing in many points from those we have 
endeavoured to establish, it may not be amiss to make a few remarks on 
their principles. We shall fii-st make an extract from the speech of the 
Marquis of Londonderry, as follows : — 

** In endeavouring to perpetuate the system of an adequate Sinking Fund, 
invariably applicable to the reduction of the Debt, I feel that I have a sacred 
cause to defend: I feel that I have been treading on consecrates? groMJifi. 
Sir, however feeble the voice which addresses you ; however impossible it is 
for me to bring back to the recollection of the House the effect of that elo- 
quence which first induced Parliament to establish the system which the ho- 
noiirable and learned gentleman (Mr. Brougham) now ventures to impugn, 
and proposes to us to abandon ; however impossible it is for me to recal to the 
House the full conviction with which the voice of Mr. Pitt impressed on 
Parliament the expediency of laying in the Sinking Fund the foundation of 
the lasting prosperity of the country, — the foundation of that strength 
which enabled her to persevere through all the difficulties of the arduous 
struggle from which she has emerged with such amazing glory ; however 
impossible I feel this to| be, — I sliall still be satisfied if I can place the 
imeasure which his Majesty's present government recommend under the 
venerated sanction of that illustrious individual; consecrated as his name 
must ever be, no less by the important truths which he established, than by 
the splendid acts which he achieved. I never can believe that the Com- 
mons of England, but lately arrived at the close of so triumphant a career, 
•will consent to blast the hopes of the country, and in the very moment of 
victory, to cover themselves with shame by tearing down, with sacrilegious 
hands, the barrier which he raised for the protection of public credit, and 
the lasting glory of the empire."— ^peec/i, February 15, pp. 85, 86. 

This burst of the Noble Marquis does not admit of a reply ; it does not 



The Sinking Fund. 

contaui any argument either on the zvisdotn or folly of the Fund, and 
merely exemplifies that extraordinary eloquence for which his lordship has 
been long celebrated. The speech of his colleague, however, is of a dif- 
ferent character ; it is a fair, though, we shall endeavour to show, an erro- 
neous view of the subject from beginning to end, and admits of argument. 
Our extract will be somewhat long, but it would hardly be just not to give 
the whole of Lord Liverpool's observations. 

" \fy Lords, while I am on this topic, I wish to say a few words on the 
history and nature of the Sinking Fund. I am the more anxious ta do so, 
because I perceive that some very great misapprehensions have existed re- 
specting it. 1 have been too many years in public life to concur with a 
certain class of persons, with whom it seems to be the fashion to undervalue 
and decry the importance and efficacy of a measure which some o\ the 
greatest statesmen and the ablest financiers that this country ever produced, 
united in establishing. I am old enough, my lords, to remember the origin 
of the Sinking Fund, although I had not the honour of being in Parliament 
at the time. I know that it was a measure on which Mr. Pitt peculiarly 
prided himself. But although it was introduced by Mr. Pitt, it was not by 
him and his friends alone that it was supported ; for it received, at that time, 
the cordial approbation of all persons of all parties and descriptions. I do 
not believe that party has often run higher than it did in this country in 
1786; but so far was this measure from being objected to by those who 
were regularly opposed to the administration of that day, that no one ex- 
tolled it more than Mr. Fox ; who not only approved of the principle of 
the measure, as pregnant with great and permanent advantage to the country, 
but when its details came to be considered, lent the assistance of his power- 
ful mind towards its efficiency, by oftering several important suggestions, 
which were very thankfully received. In all the discussions of that period, 
and in all the subsequent discussions in which the Sinking Fund was intro- 
duced, down to the death of those great ynen,^ there was no occasion on 
which it was not as much extolled by Mr. Fox as by Mr. Pitt, its father 
and author. It was equally approved by Mr. Sheridan, who used to take a 
prominent part in the financial discussions of those days. I am perfectly 
aware, however, that some nexv lights have since arisen on the subject. The 
first doubts, I believe, that were thrown upon it were brought forward in ^ 
very ingenious work of a noble lord, now absent, (the Earl of Lauderdale,) 
published about the year 1803 or 1804. There afterwards came out a trea- 
tise on the subject, written with great ability, by Dr. Hamilton. I admit 


The Sinking Fund. 

the ingenuity displayed in Dr. Hamilton's book ; but his reasoning has 
little or no bearing whatever on the proposition which your lordships are 
this night to consider. All Dr. Hamilton's reasoning is directed against the 
maintenance of a Sinkirig Fund in time of tvar ; which he contends is so 
much loss to the country, without any adequate advantage. This position Dr. 

Hamilton maintains with considerable talent Having applied my mind to 

the examination of his argument with as much freedom from prejudice as 
possible, I must fairly say, that, notwithstanding all the ability Dr. Hamilton 
manifests in the conduct of his argument, and the weight to which the sen- 
timents of such a man are entitled, admitting the force of his reasoning, in 
some respects, I am, nevertheless, decidedly of opinion that it would be 
highly injurious to the country to relinquish the operation of the Sinking 
Fund, even during war. I am decidedly of opinion, that, even during war. 
the good derived from it much overbalances any inconvenience or loss that 
it may occasion. For, my lords, this is not a mere question of profit and 
loss. We must look at the moral effect produced. fVe must look at the 
effect the Sinking Fund produces on public credit. We must look at the 
way it multiplies and augments our resources, and enables us in any war, 
as it enabled us in the last war, when zve zvere contending for our exist- 
ence as a nation, to raise money with facility by way of loan, instead of 
being compelled to have recourse to the more burdensome and, at times, 
scarcely practicable operation of raising a large part of the supplies within 
the year. Such, my lords, is the deliberate opinion which I entertain of the 
value of a sinking fund in time of war, to zvhich question alone the ar- 
guments of Dr. Ha7nilton are fairly applicable. But we are now to 
consider what is the value of a sinking fund in time of peace. We are now 
in a state in which it cannot be justly said, as it has been said by some 
persons who have followed in the track of opposition to the Sinking Fund, 
that we are receiving with the right hand and paying ivith the lejt. When 
the Sinking Fund consists of a clear surplus of revenue above the expen- 
diture, applied to the reduction of the Debt, such an assertion is ground- 
less and absurd. 

" Consider, my lords, what must be the situation of the country, circum- 
stanced as it now is, if the Sinking Fund should be abandoned. Are we to 
go on interminably increasing our Debt in time of ivar, and abstaining 
from all reduction of our Debt in time of peace ? Is that the state in which 
any one would desire to see the country ? No doubt, we all wish to avoid 
war, if possible. Rut, in the course of human events, wars will occu-r. 


The Sinking Fund. 

War must necessarily increase the Debt, and in peace, therefore, we ought 
to use every reasonable effort to reduce it. Let your lordships look at the 
situation of other countries of the world. Induced by our example every 
country that has created a debt, has created a sinking fund. Those coun- 
tries especially, the proceedings of which we must always regard with par- 
ticular interest, — I mean France and America, — both have sinking funds. 
France has a sinking fund much greater in proportion to her debt than ours; 
and the sinking fund of America, it is estimated, will wholly redeem her debt 
in twenty years. Will your lordships, after being the first to set the ex- 
ample of a sinking fund, be the first to abandon it? Will you proclaim to 
all the world that your means are so reduced, — that your credit has fallen 
so low that you must give up the Sinking Fund, the surest support of the 
national honour, and the best guarantee of the national engagements ? 
Will you, while your Debt is much greater than that of any other country 
in the world, allow, that you intend to increase your Debt interminably 
during war, and to take no means of reducing it on the restoration of peace? 
My lords, in every view of the subject, — if we regard only our policy, 
without adverting only to our sense of justice, ■ — I do most earnestly hope, 
that you will determine to maintain a Sinking Fund. I hope it, in order 
that we may support our own character and consequence in the eyes of the 
world. I hope for the sake of our posterity ; that if we leave them a large 
debt, we may at least leave them the means of gradually reducing it. These 
are considerations which must press the more strongly upon us, when we 
recollect that, as I have already proved, if we give up the Sinking Fund, 
we gain comparatively little by the sacrifice. I cannot believe, tlierefore, 
tiiat the good sense, — I cannot believe that the good feeling of this country 
are at so low an ebb, that, for the sake of accomplishing a reduction of tax- 
ation, the effect of which would scarcely be felt by the community at large, 
they would consent to the destruction of that Fund, the credit of ivhich 
enabled us to get through the long and arduous contest in which we have 
been engaged with unblemislied honour and ultimate triumpii." — Speech, 
February 26, pp. 43— 4S. 

Our first observation on this reasoning is, that it no where applies to the 
Sinking Fund. It is very true his Lordship talks much about the Sinking 
Fund, but he never comes to the real object for which the Pund was esta- 
blished. The original intention of the Fund was wholly or partly to redeem 
the Debt by the operation of compound interest. Has this intention been 
effected? Has the Debt augmented or diminished under the oi)eration of 
the Fund ? If it has augmented, the Fund has clearly failed in attaining the 


Tlie Sinking Fund. 

original object for which it was intended, and for which it is so extrava- 
gantly praised. Let us, however, examine the Noble Lord's reasoning 
more in detail. 

We are first informed that Mr. Fox and Mr. Sheridan, and other *' great 
men," concurred in the establishment of the Fund. True, they did ; but 
this by no means proves its policy ; for the country has reason to remember 
that those "great men" concurred in many measures which proved either 
delusive or injurious to the public interests. 

We are next told, " all Dr. Hamilton's reasoning is directed against the 
maintenance of a Sinking Fund, in time of war" This we deny : his reason- 
ing' applies to a Sinking Fund at all times, in peace, as well as in ivar. The 
scope of the Doctor's argument is to show, first, that all projects for tl:e re- 
demption of the Debt, by the operation of compound interest, are illusory ; 
secondly, that a surplus of revenue is the only real efficient Sinkiiig Fund; 
and, lastly, that the most advantageous mode of employing thi« surplus is by 
applying it directly to the redemption of the Debt, without the interven-^ 
tion of the useless and expensive operation of a Sinking Fund. Such are 
the positions established by Professor Hamilton, and their application is in 
no wise limited by the contingency of war or peace. 

But, says the Noble Lord, we should " look at the moral effect produced" 
by the Fund, the way it " multiplies and augments our resources" in war. 
It is true the Fund had some such effect in the late contest : it did not, how- 
ever, actually augment our resources, it only augmented our faith in them. 
But if such was the effect in past time, we cannot hope for a similar result 
in future. The Fund was founded on delusion; the public had faith m 
that delusion ; hence public credit was strengthened ; but the delusion is now 
exploded, consequently public credit cannot hi future be supported by it, 
and all advantages anticipated from the Fund facilitating future loans, or 
aiding future wars, must be unfounded and chimerical. While the public 
have faith in a delusion, it may answer the same purpose as a reality, and 
there may be policy in supporting it; but when the delusion is discovered, 
instead of strengthening the influence of the governors over the governed, 
it only tends to bring the governors into contempt. 

We come to the second division of the subject ; namely, " the value of 
a Sinking Fund in time of peace." His Lordship says, — " We are now 
in a state in which it cannot be justly said, as it has been said by some per- 
sons who have followed in the track of opposition to the Sinking Fund, Uiat 
we are receiving ivith the right hand and paying ivith the left. When the 


The Sinking Fund. 

Sinking Fund consists of a clear surplus of revenue, above the expendi- 
ture, applied to the reduction of the Debt, such an assertion is absurd and 
groundless.^' Certainly, my Lord, if we have a " clear surplus of reve- 
nue," that is a real Sinking Fund, and all we differ about is the mode of 
applying it. We say, take away your commissioners, let us have no sham, 
no delusion ; if there be an annual surplus, let it be annually applied to the 
purchase of stock, and all the Sinking Fund machinery abolished as useless 
and ridiculous. This is all we contend for. We do not say that a nation 
should go on interminably increasing its debt ; by all means let tlie Debt 
be reduced ; only we say that the most effectual mode of reducing it, is 
either by applying the surplus revenue directly to that object, or suffering 
the surplus to remain in the pockets of the people, to be employed in trade 
and manufactures. 

" France and America hath have Sinking Funds." This is incorrect. 
America has a surplus revenue, but no sinking fund, in the true sense of 
that term. The surplus revenue of America is employed, as we wish the 
surplus revenue of this country to be employed ; namely, in the yearly pur- 
chase of stock at the market price. 

The speech goes on — *' that Fund, the credit of ivhich enabled us to get 
through the long and arduous contest," and so on. Yes, my lord, it ena- 
bled you to get through wonderfully ; but the credit of the Fund is now 
entirely blown, therefore how can liaxzA-^- on in future? A nation once 
deceived cannot be easily deceived a second time by the same artifice. 

We have now gone through the whole of our extract, and, to our satis- 
faction at least, have answered every argument and position it contains. At 
the conclusion of his speech, Lord Liverpool again reverts to the Sinking 
Fund in a very emphatical manner ; his words are so remarkable, that it is 
unnecessary to apologise for their insertion, notwithstanding the preceding 
extract being rather lengthy. The whole speech, indeed, is rather a states- 
manlike composition, and not at all to be sneezed at. The words in capi- 
tals are printed as they stand in tlie original. 

'» In the view which I have taken of certain branches of the subject, I 
am aware that I differ from some of your lordsliij)s. But there are two 
points on which we all agree. I readily admit — first, that our establisinnents 
ought to be reduced to as low a scale as may be compatible with our monar- 
chical constitution and the safety of the country ; and, secondly, tliat every 
reduction that can be made in the expenditure of the country', consistently 
with the above objects, and with tlic security of public faith, should be at- 


The Sinking Fund. 

tended with a corresponding reduction of taxation. But, my lords, I must 
place by the side of these admissions the assertion of another principle which 
I deem so indispensable, that upon it I am determined to stand or fall, — 


Well, my lord, these are your lastxvords, and 1 trust they will not be for- 
gotten either by your lordship or the public. I confess, however, I have 
no great faith in tlie first or last words of any statesman. After witnessing the 
recent tergiversation of lawyer Plunkett, on the Catholic question; and after 
witnessing the quibbling apostacy of Wynn and Phillimore on the Salt Tax, 
I confess it requires a much larger dimension of credulity than I possess, to 
rely with confidence on the declarations of any public man, with whatever 
pomp and solemnity they may be delivered. 


Mystery of the Funding System. 



THE cost of war was formerly defrayed by those who made it. The old 
barons used to arm themselves and vassals at their own expense, and support 
them during the contest. There was then no standing army nor permanent 
revenue, — those who tilled the land fought the battles of the country. 
Under such a system, wars could neither be very long in their duration, nor 
very remote in their objects. Foreign expeditions suited as little to the 
national resources, as the avocations of the people. The only time that could 
be spared to settle public quarrels, was between seed-time and harvest, and 
the only treasure they could be provided with before hand was the surplus pro- 
duce of the preceding year. Hence, wars were generally either carried on 
languidly, or were of short duration. Their operations were frequently in- 
terrupted by truces, and sometimes discontinued through mere feebleness. 
A warlike leader was often stopped short in his victorious career, either from 
the want of resources, or the necessity of allowing his followers to return 
home to provide subsistence for the following season. 

The slate of the Sovereign was as little favourable to protracted contests 
as the condition of his subjects. His revenue was derived partly from lands 
reserved as a royal demesne, and partly from feudal casualties, and afforded 
a slender provision for maintaining the royal dignity and defraying the ordi- 
nary expenses of government, but was altogether inadequate to the support 
of numerous and permanent armies. Supplies from the people were ob- 
tained to a certain extent ; but the people neither possessed the means, nor, 
happily, had acquired the habit of granting liberal supplies. Princes, 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

under any emergency, real or supposed, or actuated by any scheme of am- 
bition, had recourse either to borrowing or pazvning. The loans which 
they raised were partly compulsory, and, as the repayment was ill secured, 
the rate of interest was high. Sometimes the jewels of the crown were 
pledged, and sometimes the crown lands were mortgaged. In this manner, 
the revenues of most of the powers of Europe were anticipated and en- 

A new state of society introduced a new mode of supporting war. In- 
stead of borrowing on their own credit, sovereigns learn to borrow on the 
credit of posterity. The issue of war no longer depended on a single battle 
or successful irruption, but on the length of the public purse. It was not 
money, however, that formed the sinews of war, but credit. Credit super- 
ceded money, and modern policy found out the expedient of supporting 
wars for temporary objects, and entailing the burden of them on future ge- 
nerations. This system possessed too many facilities to be abandoned, or 
not to be carried to the utmost extent of which it was capable. And, ac- 
cordingly, we find wherever the system of borrowing and funding has been 
introduced, it has gone on with an accelerated velocity till the payment of 
the principal became quite chimerical, and governments were obliged to 
compound with their creditors for the interest. 

The Debt of this country, which was inconsiderable at the Revolution, has 
increased, in little more than a century, to its present magnitude. The in- 
crease during every reign, except the pacific reign of George I. has been 
greater than the preceding. The increase during every war has been greater 
than during the preceding. The increase during the latter period of every 
war has been greater than during the earlier period. The increase by every 
national exertion has been greater than administration held forth when 
the measure was undertaken. The part of the Debt paid off during peace, 
has borne a small proportion to that contracted by the preceding war. 

No man can tell how far the Funding System may yet be carried, or how 
it will terminate. In our inquiries on the subject, we shall limit ourselves to 
four objects : first, to show the rise and progress of the Funding System ; 
secondly, the manner in which it is conducted j thirdly, its probable catas- 
trophe ; lastly, the present state of the Debt. 

I. — Origin and Progress of the Funding System. 

The Funding System commenced at the Revolution The Debt existing 
at that time was inconsiderable, and not reduced to any regular form. Du- 



Mystery of the Funding System. 

ring the war, waged by King William against the abdicated Monarch and 
tiie King of France, who supported his claims, it was found impracticable to 
raise the requisite sums within the year, and recourse was had to loans ; for 
discharging which, taxes were imposed to continue for a limited number of 
years; it being expected that the taxes would discharge the debts in the 
periods for which they were granted. These expectations were not realized, 
and the taxes were afterwards rendered perpetual. Loans were also raised 
during that war on annuities for lives on very high terms, 14 per cent, being 
granted for single lives, 12 per cent, for two lives, and 10 per cent, for three 
lives; and the amount of public debt, at its termination, by the peace of 
Tiyswick, in 1697, was ^21,515,742. A great part of this debt being con- 
tracted upon short anticipations and terminable annuities, before the year 
1701, there had been partly paid oft', and partly reverted to the public, 
^5,121,041; a greater reduction of the Debt than has ever yet been 
brought about in so short a period of lime. 

In the war which began in 1702, and which was concluded by the treaty 
of Utrecht, the Debt was consi<lerably augmented. The Spanish war which 
began in 1739, and the French war which soon followed it, occasioned a still 
further increase of the Debt, which, in 1748, after the war had been con- 
cluded by the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, amounted to ^78,293,313. The 
most profound peace of seventeen years, in the reign of George II. had 
taken little more than eight millions fi-om it. A war of less than nine years' 
continuance added more than 31 millions to it. The surplus revenue, it was 
supposed, had been partly expended by Sir Robert Walpole in parliamen- 
tary corruption. 

During the administration of Mr. Pelham, the interest of the Debt was 
reduced, or at least measures were taken for reducing it from four to three 
per cent. ; the Sinking Fund was increased, and some part of the Debt 
paid off. 

To support the wars of Queen Anne, the objects of which wars were 
purely continental, more than 59 millions were raised by loans. The cost 
of the first war of George the second has been estimated at ,£46,418,680. 
The expense of the second war, called the seven years' war, amounted to 
^111,271,996. The objects of these two contests were diametrically oppo- 
site; one being for the humiliation, the other for the aggrandisement of the 
King of Prussia. 

In the reign of George the third there were four principal wars; the war 
concluded at the peace of 1762 ; the war against the independence of Ame- 
fica; the Frencft revolutionary war; and the short war in 1815 against the 


Mystery of the Fundnig System. 

restoration of Napoleon. Each of these contests caused an enormous ad- 
dition to the Debt. At the peace of 1762, the principal of the Debt 
amounted to ^146,682,844; and the interest to ^4,840,821. The total 
unredeemed Debt, on the 5th of January, 1819, was i;840,758,518 ; the in- 
terest, ^33,372,349. 

The legal rate of interest at the commencement of tlie Funding System 
was 6 per cent, and it was reduced, in the year 1714, to 5 percent, at 
which, as the legal rate, it has since continued. The rate of interest granted 
for the public Debt has been often higher than the legal rate. But instead of 
assigning capital to the public creditor equal to the sum borrowed, and a 
rate of interest which it could be procured for, according to the circum- 
stances of the times, the practice has generally been to fix upon a loio rate 
of interest, and assign to the lender a capital larger than the sum borrowed. 
The greater part of the loans has been made in Funds bearing 3 per cent, 
interest on the nominal capital, some in a Fund at 4 per cent, and some in 
one at 5 per cent. 

Some loans have been contracted altogether on annuities for lives or 
years : but most of these annuities, whicii, at present, amount to a large 
sum, have been granted as a homes to the lender, who received the greater 
part of his recompense in a capital bearing interest at three, four, or five 
per cent. 

Annuities for lives have been sometimes granted upon schemes called 
Tontines, in which the benefit of survivorship is allowed. The subscribers 
to these schemes appoint nominees, who are divided into classes according 
to their ages, and a suitable annuity is assigned to each ; and when some of 
the lives drop, the amount of the annuities appertaining to each class is di- 
vided among the survivors, so long as any remain, or at least till the annuity 
amount to a large sum, according to the terms of the scheme. Tontines 
seem adapted to the passions of human nature, from the hope every man 
entertains of longevity, and the desire of ease and affluence in old age ; and 
they are beneficial to the public, as affording a discharge to the Debt, al- 
though a distant one, without any payment. They have been extensively 
adopted in some foreign countries, but seldom in Britain. The last and 
almost only scheme of this kind now subsisting is that of 1789. 

The annuities for fixed terms now existing, called Long Annuities, all ter- 
minate at the same time, in I860. The first of these was granted in the 
year 1761, being an annuity of ^£1, for 99 years, upon every <i!' 100 sub- 
scribed to the loan of that year, in addition to the permanent annuity Of 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

ofS, on a capital equal to the sum subscribed. Many other annuities of this 
kind have been since granted, and all of them for such periods as terminate 
at the same time. 

Another collateral advantage has sometimes been granted to the public cre- 
ditors from lotteries. Tickets have been granted to the subscribers to the loans, 
on terms considered as beneficial, and instead of paying money to the holders 
of the fortunate tickets, the prizes were assigned to them in capital stock of 
that kind in which the loan of the year was funded. This method was fol- 
lowed during most of the loans of the seven years' war. During the 
subsequent peace, the lotteries were several times connected with the 
schemes adopted for discharging a part of the Debt. In the lottery of 
1 769, the prizes were paid in money; but during the American war the 
system followed in the seven years' war was revived. The lotteries from 
1777 to 1784 were connected with the loans, and the prizes funded. In 
1785 the prizes were paid in money, and the tickets sold at' a profit to the 
public, and this method has been adhered to in all the lotteries since. In 
order to secure all that can be raised this way to government, private lot- 
teries are prohibited under heavy penalties. But a lottery was granted in 
1758 for the benefit of the British Museum, and a few others have been 
granted since for private purposes. 

Although the public creditor cannot demand payment of the capital debt, 
the mode of transferring it, even in small sums, is so conveniently arranged, 
and the dividends so regularly paid, that it is considered an eligible pro- 
perty. The value of the Funds is liable to considerable fluctuation. It 
depends chiefly on the proportion between the interest they bear and the 
profit which may be obtained by applying capital to other purposes. It is 
influenced by the plenty or scarcity of capital ; and it is impaired by any 
event which threatens the safety or weakens the credit of government. It 
is always much higher in time of peace than in time of war ; and is afTected 
by every event, and even by every report, in time of war, favourable or 
unfavourable. False reports are frequently raised by knavish people for 
that purpose. 

In the early part of the Funding System, a separate account was kept of 
each loan, and of the tax imposed for payment of the interest. This method 
was afterwards found inconvenient, as the produce of some of the taxes fell 
short of the expected sum, while that of others exceeded it, and the multi- 
plicity of funds produced confusion. To obviate this inconvenience, the 
different funds were united, and to each various branches of revenue were 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

appropriated, charged with the payment of the annuities. The surplus of 
the funds so consolidated formed the bafsis of the Sinking Fund in 17l6, an 
account of which has been already given. 

The funded capital has also been increased in a manner different from 
loans. Exchequer and Navy bills have been funded to a great extent ; that 
is, instead of paying these bills, capital in one or more funds has been as- 
signed to the holders, on such terms as they were willing to accept. 

Unfunded Debt. 

Besides the funded Debt is a large sum due by government under this 
head. It arises from any national expense, for which no provision has been 
made, or the provision has proved insufficient, or not forth coming at the 
time wanted. Tne forms of the unfunded Debt are various ; but the fol- 
lowing are the principal branches. 

Exchequer-Bills. These are issued from the Exchequer in conse- 
quence of acts of parliament, several of which are passed every session. 
The first were issued in I696, and being intended as a temporary substitute 
for money during the recoinage at that period ; some of them were so low 
aSoflO and £5. There are none issued now under »flOO, and many of 
them are for of 300, „£1000, and still larger sums. Most them bear interest 
generally at the rate of from 3d. to 3§d. per day for „£"100 ; and, being dis- 
tributed among those who are willing to advance their value, they form a 
kind of circulating medium. After a certain time they are received in pay^ 
ment of taxes on other monies due to government ; and the interest due on 
them, at the time, is allowed in the payment. They cease to bear interest 
so long as they are in the hands of the revenue-collectors, or other public 
officers ; but the interest re-commences when they are issued again to the 
public. The Bank often engages to receive them to a certain extent, and 
therby promotes their circulation ; and the daily transaction between the 
Bank and the Exchequer are chiefly carried on by bills of <£ 1000 deposited 
in the Exchequer by the Bank, to the amount of the sums received by them 
on account of government. New Exchequer-bills are frequently issued in 
discharge of former ones ; and they are often converted into funded debt 
by granting capital, in some of the stocks, on certain terms, to such holders 
as are willing to accept them. 

Navy-Bills. These are issued from the Navy-Office to answer any pur- 
pose in that branch of public expenditure ; and they bear interest after a 
certain date if not discharged. A practice had long prevailed, when the 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

number of seamen for the service of the year was voted, to grant a sum 
estimated at the rate of ^£4 per month, for each man, allowing thirteen 
months to the year, for the whoJe naval expense ; wages, victualling, wear 
of shipping, and ordnance included. In consequence of the deterioration 
of the value of money, tliis allow ance became insufficient ; and Navy-bills, 
to a large amount, were issued to supply the deficiency ; and these were 
often funded afterwards in the same manner as Exchequer-bills. Since 1797, 
this practice has been discontinued, and sums adequate to the naval service 
voted ; since which the amount of Navy-bills has not been so great as for- 
merly ; and they have been paid from the money granted for the navy with- 
out being funded. They are made out at ninety days' date, and bears 
interest at 3|d. per day for oflOO, and are negociated as bills of exchange. 

Ordnance Bills, or Debentures, are issued, in like manner, from 
the Ordnance-Office, for supplying deficiencies in that branch of expen- 

Victualling and Transport bills are issued from the respective offices in the 
same manner. There is also always a large amount of floating debt at the 
Navy, Vitualling, Transport, and Ordnance Offices, for which no bills have 
been issued. 

Besides the three principal branches of the unfunded debt, tliere is 
always a number of demands on the public for bills accepted by the Treasury ; 
army charges, and miscellaneous services of various kinds. These arc 
daily fluctuating, and their amount, at any particular time, cannot be easily 

II. — Account oj the Stocks. 

The term Fund signifies generally any sum of money or annual revenue 
appropriated to a particular purpose. The Sinking Fund means a sum of 
money accumulating by compound interest for the jiurpose of discharging 
the public debt. But as there is no instance of public debt being discharged 
by money increased by compound interest, it is affirmed by some, that, 
strictly, a Sinking Fund never existed. Generally speaking, we mean by 
the Funds, those large sums which have been lent to government, and con- 
stitute the Debt, and for which the lenders or their assigns receive interest 
from the public revenue. The term Stock is used nearly in the same sense ; 
and is also applied to the sums which form the capital of the Bank, the East 
India Company, the South Sea Company, and other public companies, the 
proprietors of which are entitled to a share of their respective profits. 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

The stocks which at present constitute the Debt, or are connected with 
it, are, 

Bank Stock — The Bank of England was incorporated in 1694. Their 
original stock, raised by subscriptions, was ^1,200,000, which was lent to 
government at 8 per cent, interest, and ^4,000 allowed for management, 
amounting together to ^100,000. In the year 1709, the Bank advanced 
=£400,000 more to government, without additional interest, which reduced 
the interest received by them to 6 per cent. They afterwards advanced 
various sums to government, by withdrawing Exchequer-bills or otherwise, 
until the permanent debt due to them amounted, in 1740, to ^11,636,800, 
at which it has remained since. The rate of interest has been gradually re- 
duced, and is now 3 per cent. Besides this permanent debt, the Bank has 
been long in the practice of assisting government, by advancing money on 
Exchequer-bills, in anticipation of the annual taxes, by payment of bills 
drawn on the Treasury, and otherwise, to a great extent. The stock of the 
Bank has been enlarged nearly at a rate keeping pace with their advances to 
government ; but in consequence of Mr. Peel's Bill, the Bank have been 
compelled to withdraw their advances to government, preparatory to cash 

The South Sea Company was incorporated in the year 1711, for the osten- 
sible purpose of trading to the western coast of America, Their original 
capital was of9,17r,967, lent to government, for which they received 6 per 
cent, interest, and ^8,000 for management. ' In 1715, the capital was further 
increased, chiefly by adding arrears of interest unpaid to the former capital. 
In 1720, a scheme was formed for uniting all the public funds into one ; and 
for that purpose the Company was authorised to purchase the debts and an- 
nuities due by government, and enlarge their capital in proportion to the 
extent of their purchase, and sell this additional stock on the most advan- 
tageous terms they could procure. This scheme gave rise to an extraor- 
dinary scene of national infatuation, called the South Sea Bubble ; and 
whicii, next to the Sinking Fund Bubble and the French War Bubble, is the 
greatest bubble on record. The expectations entertained of the advantage 
to be derived from the agreement with government, and from the extended 
trade to the South Sea, were so extravagant, that the price of their stock 
rose in a short time to 1000 per cent, and soon after, upon the discovery of 
the delusion, fell as rapidly, to the entire ruin of many. The folly of this 
national delusion is the more surprising, as a similar delusion of the Misbisippi 
Company had taken place in France only a year before, attended with still 
more fatal consequences. The greater part, however, of the public debt 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

was converted into South Sea Stock, and the capital of the company raised 
to £37,S02,iS3, of which four millions were purchased by the Bank. The 
only branches of trade in which tiie Company ever engaged were that of 
conveying slaves to the Spanish colonies and the whale fishery ; and these 
being attended with loss were abandoned. Since 1748 they have carried on 
no trade whatever. Their stock has since undergone various modifications, 
and has been considerably reduced by payments from government, and the 
rate of interest has sustained the same reduction as in the other public funds. 
It'is at present distributed into the following branches : — 

South Sea Stock, considered as the trading capital of the Company, 
though they have long ceased to trade. This was fixed, in 1733, at 
,£3,662,784, and has remained invariable since. The dividend received 
by the proprietors of this stock is 3f per cent, of which 3 per cent, is paid 
by government, and the remaining half per cent, by the Company. This 
they are enabled to make from fines to which they are entitled from ships 
trading within the bounds of their charter, and the allowance received from 
the public for management. 

Old South Sea Annuities. These were separated from the other funds of 
the Company in 1728, when they amounted to 16 millions, bearing interest at 
5 per cent. ; reduced, in 1727, to 4 per cent. ; in 1751, to 3^ percent. ; and 
in 1757, to 3 per cent. Part of the capital being paid, it was reduced, in 
1775, to o£l 1,907,470, at which it remained till the establishment of 
Mr. Pitt's Sinking Fund. 

New South Sea Annuities, separated from the other funds of the Com- 
pany in 1733, when they amounted to 10 millions, bearing interest at 
4 per cent. The capital was reduced, in 1775, to 8 millions ; and the in- 
terest has undergone the same reductions as the Old Annuities. The total 
capital of the New and Old South Sea Annuities, January, 1821, was 
^21,037,684, of which „f8, 216,100 was in the names of the Commis- 

Three per Cent. Annuities, 1751, are also under the management of the 
South Sea Company. The dividends on the South Sea Stock, the New 
South Sea Annuities, and the 3 per Cents, 1751, are payable 5th January, 
and 5th July ; those on the Old South Sea Annuities, 5th April and 10th 

Three per Cent, reduced Annuities. 'Jhis fund commenced in 1746, 
and was then formed of various articles of public debt, which formerly bore 
a higher rate of interest, from which circumstance it derived its name. 
Additions have been made to it by subsequent loans; and, in 1821, the 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

capital was ^202,067,183, of which .£63,406,939 was held by the coin- 

Three per Cent, consolidated Annuities. This is the largest of all the 
public funds, amounting, in 1821, to o£398,885,052. It commenced in 
1731, but derived its name from the Consolidating Act, in 1751, being 
formed by the union of several capitals formerly kept separate. The 
dividends are payable January and July. 

Three per Cent. Annuities, 1726. This fund consists of ^1,000,000, 
borrowed for paying the arrears of tlie Civil List. The interest was at first 
charged on a duty of 6d. per pound on pensions, but it is now paid from 
the Consolidated Fund. 

Four per Cent, consolidated Annuities. This fund commenced in 17(50, 
but part of the capital being paid, or reduced, the earliest sum belonging 
to it is a loan of 5 millions, in 1777, to which various other loans have since 
been added. The dividends are payable at the same time as the 3 per Cent, 

Navy Five per Cent, consolidated Annuities, This stock commenced 
in 1784, and was first applied for funding the navy, victualling, and trans- 
port bills, then in circulation, from which it derived its name. It sub- 
sequently received many additions, chiefly from funding Exchequer-bills. 
January, 1821, the total capital was o£'l4l,830,059 ; but, by the act of this 
session, the Navy Five per Cents, terminate on the payment of the next 
dividend in July, being converted into a new 4 per Cent. Stock. By this 
operation, which is conformable to the practice of preceding periods, and 
the reduced rate of interest, an annual saving of about <£ 1,200,000 will 
accrue to the public. 

The Loyalty Loan of .£18,000,000 was raised, in 1796, by the voluntary 
contributions of the war faction. By various transfers, nearly the whole of 
it is distributed to other funds. 

Imperial Three per Cent. Annuities. This fund is formed by loans 
raised for the Emperor of Germany, and guaranteed by the British govern- 
ment. The interest, if not provided by the Emperor, (and he has never 
made any provision,) to be paid from the Consolidated Fund. The capital 
of the Imperial Loans is £7,502,633 ; the annual interest .£225,079, pay- 
able by Bull, for assistance from his allies, to abridge his own liberties, and 
those of other nations ! ! ! 

The Portugal Loan is less than a million, nearly the whole of which is 
held by the Commissioners for the reduction of the Debt. 


Mystery uf the Funding .Systtm. 

^Besides these Stocks, comprising the funded Debt, are various terminable 
annuities, the nature of which have been already explained. 

111. — Manner of transacting Loans. 

At the commencement of the Funding System, the subscription for Loans 
was taken at the Exchequer; but, since 1714, they have been transacted at 
the Bank ; and this was formerly done by open subscription. Terms were 
proposed to the Public, and as these were calculated to afford a profit, the 
subscription was generally filled up in a short time. If the terms were not 
judged sufficient, and the subscription not filled up, others more advan- 
tageous were olTered. 

For a considerable number of years a mode more favourable to the Pub- 
lic has been adopted. The Chancellor of the Exchequer fixes on the 
Funds in which the Loan is to be made. These are often of different 
kinds, and not mifrequently a Long Annuity forms part of the emolument. 
He then gives public notice that he is ready on a certain day to receive 
offers, and assign the Loan to those who are willing to accept the lowest 
terms. If a Long Annuity be a part of the proposed emolument, the other 
funds to be assigned to the lenders are fixed at a rate somewhat lower than 
the estimated value of each £\()0 borrowed, and the bidding is on the 
Long Annuity, the Loan being granted to those who will accept the least 
annuity in addition to the capital offered. If the Loan be in different 
funds, without an annuity,' the capitals in ail the funds, except one, are pre- 
viously fixed, and the bidding is on that P'und, the Loan being granted to 
those who will accept the least capital. 

The Chancellor is generally attended at the time appointed by several of 
the principal bankers, who deliver their offers, having previously made up a 
list of persons who are willing to share with them to a certain extent, in case 
their offer be accepted ; and the Loan is given to the offerer who proposes 
the lowest terms. 

The Loans are always payable by instalments at different periods of the 
year. But the dividends are payable on the whole from the first dividend- 
day of the Funds in which the Loan is contracted. Thus the lender re- 
ceives dividends during the whole of the first year, although he only 
advances the money on the days appointed for payment of the instalments ; 
or if he advance the whole at first he is allowed a suitable discount ; and, 
according to the terms of the Loan, he is possessed of several interests ; so 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

much, perhaps, in a 3 per cent, fund, so much in a 5 per cent, fund, so 
much in a long annuity, and, formerly, so much in lottery tickets. 

After the Loan is completed, these interests are assignable separately ; but 
when the Loan is in progress, they may be either assigned separately or 
together. The separate parts, in this stage of the business, are called scrip, 
and their united amount is called omnium. In order to obtain a Loan, it 
is necessary that the value of omnium, at the tiine, should be above par ; 
that is, the profit on subscriptions to the new loan should be greater than 
could be made by the purchase of stock at the market-price. The differ- 
ence which, in war, has often amounted to 5 per cent, and upwards, is 
called the bonus to the lenders. Instances, however, have occurred, in 
which the price of omniuin fell below par before the Loan was completed. 
Lenders who do not pay their instalments, at the appointed time, forfeit their 
subscriptions. The Bank frequently lends its aid to individuals in advancing 
the instalments. 

To illustrate these explanations, we will take the Loan of 27 millions, as 
contracted in June 1813, the terms of which were 

^110 in 3 per cent, reduced, scrip vsXn&A b7%...... £(ji 10 6 

60 in 3 per cent, consols, *cnp valued 56^. . .^. . H 15 

Long Annuity, scrip of 8s. 6d. for 46J years, at 14 * 

years purchase 5 1?) 

Value of Omnium ^103 4 6 

Bonus to subscribers, besides discount for prompt payment 3 4 f) 

And the Loan was payable by the following instalments : — 

Deposit at subscription ^flO > 

July 23d 10 

August 20th 13 

September 17th 10 

October 22d 15 

November 19th 10 

December 17th 10 

1814, January 21st 10 (» 

February 18th 10 



Mystery of the Funding System. 

Upon payment of the first instalment, a separate sheet is delivered to the 
original holder, for the sums paid on each component part of the Loan, con- 
taining, on one side, a receipt for the sum paid, and on the other a form of 
assignment. When a sale takes place, the original holder puts his name to 
tlie assignment, without filling it up, and delivers it thus blank, indorsed, to 
the purchaser ; and, in this manner, scrip and omnium pass from hand to 
hand like bank-notes. These receipts are so made out before delivery from 
the Bank, as to shovif how much money must be paid upon the several scrips 
at each instalment. Thus, in the above-mentioned Loan, there was paid, for 
each ^100 subscribed, at the first instalment, 

^60 on the 3 per cent, redyced, 
34 on the 3 per cent, consols, 
6 on the long annuities, 

^100; being 10 per cent, on the Loan; and like sums were 
payable at the instalments in July, September, November, and December, 
1813; and in January and February, 1814; and one half more, or 15 per 
cent, on the instalments in August and October, 1813. The holders of 
scrip must attend to the payment of these instalments, at the Bank, on the 
appointed days, under pain of forfeiture ; and when the last instalment is 
paid at its term, or the whole paid up at an earlier time, with allowance of 
discount, the scrip is converted into stock, and consolidated with the mass 
of the stock of the same name previously existing, from which it cannot, 
afterwards, be distinguished. 

The value of scrip, after any given number of payments have been made 
thereon, is computed, by deducting the amount of the remaining payments 
from the value of the stock at the market price. 

lY.— Manner of transferring Stock. 

Agreements for the sale of Stock are commonly made at the Stock- 
Exchange, which is frequented by a set of middle-men, called Jobbers, 
whose business is to accommodate buyers and sellers with the exact sums 
they want. A Jobber must be possessed of considerable property in the 
Funds; and he declares a price, suppose 59 or 59^ in the three percent, 
consols, that is, he is willing to buy any sum from any person at 59, or sell 
him at 59i By these means one who wishes to sell, suppose ^375 10s. 
and could hardly find a purchaser for that precise sum, without the assistance 
of a Jobber, obtains his purpose, and the smallest sums arc purchased and 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

sold with the utmost facility. The Jobber's profit is generally i per cent, or 
2s. 6d. per ^100, for which he transacts both a sale and a purchase. 

A bargain, being agreed on, is carried into execution at the Transfer- 
office, at the Bank or the South Sea House. For this purpose the seller makes 
out a note, in writing, which contains the name and description of the 
seller and purchaser, and the sum and description of the stock to be trans- 
ferred. He delivers this to the cleik, who has his station under the initial 
of his name, and then fills up a receipt, a printed form of which, with 
blanks, is obtained at the office. The clerk, meanwhile, examines the 
seller's account, and if he find him possessed of the stock proposed to be 
sold he makes out the transfer. This is signed in the book by the seller, who 
delivers the receipt to the clerk; and, upon the purchaser's signing his 
acceptance in the book, the clerk signs the receipt as witness. It is then 
delivered to the purchaser on payment of the money, and thus the job is 

The business is generally transacted by brokers, who derive their autho- 
rity from their employers by powers of attorney. Forms of these are ob- 
tained at the respective offices. Some authorize the broker to sell, others 
to accept a purchase, and others to receive the dividends. Some com- 
prehend all these objects, and the two last are generally united. Powers of 
attorney authorising to sell mast be deposited in the proper office for exami- 
nation one day before selling. A stockholder, acting personally after grant- 
ing a letter of attorney, revokes it by implication. 

The person in whose name the stock is invested, when the books are shut, 
previous to the payment of the dividends, receives the dividend for the 
half year preceding ; and, therefore, a purchaser, during the currency of 
the half year, has the benefit of the interest on the stock he buys, from the 
last term of payment to the day of transfer. The price of stock, therefore, 
rises gradually fron\ term to term ; and, when the dividend is paid, under- 
goes a fall equal thereto. 

The dividends on the different stocks being payable at different terms, it 
is in the power of the stockholders to invest their property in such a manner 
as to draw their income quarterly. 

The trade of stock-jobbing is founded on the variation of the price of 
stock, which it, doubtless, in some degree, tends to support. It consists 
in buying or selling stock, according to the views entertained by those who 
engage in this speculation of the probability of the value rising or falling. 

This business is partly conducted by persons who have property in the 
funds. But a practice also prevails among those who have no sucli pro- 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

perty, of contracting for the sale of stock on a future day at a price now 
agreed on. For example; A agrees to sell B cflOjOOO of 3 per cent, 
stock, to be transferred in twenty days, for ^6000. A has, in fact, no 
such stock ; but if the price on the day appointed for the transfer be only 
58, he may purchase as much as will enable him to fulfil his bargain for 
^5800, and thus gain ^2(10 by the transaction : on the other hand, if the 
price of that stock should rise to 62, he will lose „f 200. The business is 
generally settled without any actual purchase of stock or transfer, by A 
paying to B or receiving from him the difference between the price of stock 
on the day of settlement and tlie price agreed on. 

This species of gambling, which amounts to nothing else than a wager 
concerning the price of stock, is not sanctioned by law ; yet it is carried on 
to a great extent; and as neither party can be compelled, by law, to 
implicate these bargains, their sense of'honour and the disgrace attending 
a breach of contract, are the principles by which the business is supported. 
In the slang of the Stock-Exchange the buyer is called a Bull and the 
seller a Bear, and the person who refuses to pay his loss is called a Lame 
Duck ; and the names of the defaulters are exhibited in the hall of the 
Stock- Exchange, where they dare not appear afterwards. 

The most usual times for which bargains of this sort are made are the 
first transfer days in February, May, August, and November. These are 
called rescontre, or settling days. Sometimes, instead of paying the 
difference on the rescontre day, the settlement is deferred to a future day 
on such terms as the parties agree on. This is called a continuation. 

All the business, however, which is done in the stocks for time is not of 
a gambling nature. In a place of so extensive commerce as London, 
opulent merchants who possess property in the funds and are unwilling to 
part with it, have frequently occasion to raise money for a short time. 
Their resource, in this case, is to sell for money and to buy for a future 
time; and although the money raised in this manner costs more than the 
market-rate of interest, it affords an important accommodation. 

The following is a statement of the highest and the louest prices of the 
stocks since 1720. 


;^ per Cents June, 17:J9, 107 

4 per Cents August, 1791 , 1074 

J per Cents August, 17yi, l-'^t 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

Bank Stock, February, 1792, 219 

South Sea Stock, . . May. 1768, III 

India Stock, December, 1768, 276| 


3 per Cent. con. . . January, 1798, 47| 

3 per Cent, reduced, June, 1797, 47 

4 per Cents January, 1798, 59i 

5 per Cents. Navy, January, 1798, C9| 

Bank Stock, January, 1782, 91 

South Sea Stock,.. February, 1782, 62 

India Stock, January, 1784, 118§ 

V. — Catastrophe of the Funding System. 

The natural and inevitable tendency of debt, either in individuals or 
nations, is bankruptcy. This result was foretold by Hume seventy years 
ago, and in his Essay on Public Credit he so justly and truly describes the 
catastrophe of the Funding System, that we shall insert his observations 
before introducing our own. 

" Suppose," says he, •' the public once fairly brought to that condition 
to which it is hastening with such amazing rapidity ; suppose the land to be 
taxed eighteen or nineteen shillings in the pound, for it can never bear 
the whole twenty ; suppose all the excises and customs screwed up to the 
utmost they can bear without entirely losing its commerce and industry ; 
and suppose that all those funds are mortgaged to perpetuity, and that the 
invention and wit of all our projectors can find no new imposition, which 
may serve as the foundation of a new loan ; and let «s consider the neces- 
sary consequences of this situation. Though the imperfect state of poli- 
tical knowledge, and the narrow capacities of men make it difficult to tell 
the effects which will result from any untried measure, the seeds of ruin are 
here scattered with such profusion as not to escape the eye of the most 
careless observer. 

" In this unnatural state of society, the only persons who possess any 
revenue beyond the immediate effects of their industry, are the Stock- 
holders, who draw almost all the rent of the land and houses, besides the 
produce of all the customs and the excise. These are men who have 
no connexions with the states who can draw their revenue in any part of 
the globe in which they choose to reside, who will naturally bury them- 
selves in the capital or in the great cities, and who will sink into the lethargy 


Mysteiy of the Fundmg Systejn. 

of a stupid and pampered luxury, without spirit, ambition, or enjoyment. 


be transferred in an instant; and, being in sucli a fluctuating state, will 
seldom be transmitted, during three generations, from father to son. Or 
were they to remain ever so long in one family, they convey no hereditary 
authority or credit to the possessor ; and, by this means, the several ranks 
of men, which form a kind of independent magistracy in a state instituted 
by the hand of Nature, are entirely lost ; and every man in authority 
derives his influence from tlie commission alone of the sovereign. No 
expedient remains for preventing or suppressing insurrections but mercenary 
armies: no expedient at all remains iox resisting tyranny: elections are 
swayed by bribery and corruption alone : and the middle power between 
the king and the people being removed, a grievous despotism 7nust in- 
fallibly prevail. The landholders, despised for their poverty and hated 
for their oppressions, will be utterly unable to make any opposition 
to it. 

" Tliough a resolution should be formed by the Legislature never to 
impose any tax which hurts commerce and discourages industry, it will be 
impossible for men, in subjects of such extreme delicacy, to reason so 
justly as never to be mistaken, or amidst difficulties so urgent never to be 
seduced from their resolution. The continual Jiuctuations in commerce 
require continual alteration in the nature of the taxes, which exposes the 
Legislature every moment to the danger of both wilful and involuntary 
error. And any great blow given to trade, whether by injudicious taxes 
or by other accidents, throws the whole system of government into con- 

" But what expedient can the public now employ, even supposing trade 
to continue in the most flourishing condition in order to support \i% foreign 
wars and enterprises, and to defend its oicn honour and interest or 
those of its allies ? I do not ask how the public is to exert such a prodi- 
gious power as it has maintained during our late wais ; where we have so 
much exceeded not only our own natural strength, but even that of the 
greatest empires. This extravagance is the abuse complained of as the 
source of all the dangers to which we are at present exposed. But since 
we must still suppose great commerce and opulence to remain, even after 
every fund is mortgaged, these riches must be defended by proportional 
power; and whence i« i/te public to derive the revenue which supports 
it ? It must plainly be from the continual taxation of the an- 
nuities, or, which is the same thing, from mortgaging anew on crc/v/ 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

exigency, a certain part of their annuities ; and thus making them con- 
tribute to their own defence and that of the nation." — Essays, vol. i. 
p. 376. 

This is like a prophecy at any rate. Hume foresaw in the progress of 
the debt the transfer of the lands from the ancient proprietors, — the ex- 
tinction of all generous feelings, — the growth of a class having no connexion 
with the state, yet devouring the whole produce of its rent and taxes, — the 
establishment of despotism from the decay of public spirit, — the inability 
of the country to support foreign war, even in defence of its own honour 
and interest, — and, lastly, after the exhaustion of every source of revenue, 
the necessity of taxing the public annuities for their own defence and 
security, in other words, a compulsory reduction of the Debt. 

When ministers have once begun to tax the annuities, they will possess 
an inexliaubtible resource for domestic profusion and foreign war. Nothing 
will be so easy as gradually to raise their exactions upon the annuitants; it 
is merely retaining the money in their own hands instead of paying it to 
the fundholder. Thus the Debt, instead of being an incumbrancct will be 
real treasure, to which they can resort on all occasions. The first step will 
be the most delicate, and require great caution and infinite hypocrisy in 
the execution. First, probably, a tax of 1 per cent, or, even, a ^ per 
cent, will be proposed, accompanied with deep expressions of regret and 
dire lamentations on the imperious necessity that had compelled them to 
have recourse to such a painful alternative. Having got the handle to the 
axe, they will proceed with a slow but sure step, screwing up the fund- 
tax like the income-tax, till, at length, it equal in amount the dividends, 
or, in a word, expunged the Debt. 

Such a knavish procedure would, doubtless, raise a great outcry; many 
would exclaim against the violation of public faith, and of the injustice of 
sacrificing a part to the whole ; but ministers will easily find excuses. 
They would first eat up all their former declarations on the great advantages 
of national faith, and would expatiate on the great advantages of national 
bankruptcy. They would plead the alteration in the currency as one 
pretext for their injustice ; they would urge the great law of self preser 
vation, which forbids either individuals or nations to bind themselves to 
their own destruction ; they would enlarge on the impolicy and unreason- 
ableness of adhering to engagements that would destroy the sources of 
productive industry, and, ultimately, entail ruin on all classes, even 
the annuitants themselves ; lastly, they would plead the example of other 
states, of their " magnanimous and august allies," all of whom had been 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

once or twice bankrupt, and necessitated to compound with their creditors. 
The knavery and sophistry of such reasoning would be apparent to all ; but 
the majority being benefitted by the injustice, it is probable they would 
be inclined to wink at the transaction, and the poor fundholder become the 
scape-goat of the community. 

It may appear improbable, at rirst sight, that a government, founded on 
the basis of " social order, morality, religion," and an abhorrence of 
" blasphemy,'^ should resort to such a disgraceful expedient, to such a 
pettifogging contrivance, to such unprincipled sophistry ; especially, too, 
as a breach of national faith would be a violation of the principle to which 
they have been accustomed, on all occasions, to ascribe the prosperity, 
glory, and independence, of the empire. This, certainly, at first view, 
appears improbable ; but, if we examine the subject more closely, we shall 
find that theie is, as Malvolio says, " example for't,'" and that it would be 
less inconsistent with former practices than former professions of our 

First, there is the Bank Restriction Act. Tliis measure, in its nature, 
was full as unprincipled an attack on the rights of private property, the 
principles of morality and religion, and the sacredness of previous engage- 
ments, as a breach of national faitli could possibly be. Secondly, there are 
various suspensions of the Habeas Corpus Act — the passing of bills of indemni- 
ty for all sorts of crimes — the forging of French assignats — and, lastly, the Irish 
Union: all these measures are so atrocioHS, so repugnant to every principle 
of law, humanity, and justice, that it would be cliimerical, in the highest 
degree, to suppose that the men who could advise and participate in tiiem, 
would be scrupulous in the observance of their engagements with the public 

Yet the shame, the disgrace, the infamy of a breach of faith would be so 
great ; it would lay bare so completely the unprincipled policy of the last 
thirty years; it would so entirely unmask the nature of the Pitt System, 
exposing its authors to such execration and derision, that we may expect it 
to be staved off to the last day; and when, at length, it is attempted, it 
will be disguised, under a thoiisand pretexts, to hide its deformity from the 
world. Come, however, it must; for there is no other alternative: the 
contest now is betwixt rent and tythe on one iiand, and the payment of the 
dividends on the other : to pay the latter tiie former must be sacrificed. 
But can any one doubt the issue of the conflict? Can it be doubted which 
party will go to the wall? The " lords of the soil" possess all political 
power ; they have the boroughs, the barracks, and the powder-mills, at their 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

command; they will take care of themselves; and, judging from the 
acts we have enumerated, there is no reason to suppose their love of justice 
is so extreme as to induce them to abandon their all to preserve " inviolate 
public faith.'' 

Before, however, the fundholders are sacrificed, all other classes will be 
degraded : so loth will be the Boroughmongers to touch their great stalking 
horse of " public credit," that they will endeavour to support it on the 
ruins of the other orders of society. First, probably, as being most exposed 
to their attacks, the poor-rate will be attempted ; next, in order, come the 
other unrepresented interests of the community, the profits of all the pro- 
ductive classes — the farmers, merchants, and tradesmen. If the degradation 
of these classes, if the appropriation of the whole of their revenue, except 
that portion necessary to a bare subsistence, be insufficient, then the fund- 
holder will be assailed, rather than rent and tythe should be materially 
reduced. This is what I call the catastrophe of the Funding System. All 
classes will be sacrificed to the preservation of the " lords of the soil." 
When the full payment of the dividends encroach on the sources of their 
own incomes, they will be forcibly reduced, and the only favour shown to 
the fundholder will be that of being last devoured. 

The only mean for preventing the many being sacrificed to the few is a 
radical, or, according to its more courtly designation, a sovereign re- 
form OF THE House of Commons. To continue the present amount 
of taxes would destroy the sources whence these taxes are derived; it would 
ultimately ruin every branch of productive industry, manufacturing and 
agricultural. That some sacrifice is indispensable is, therefore, clear to 
all men ; and the great point to attain is to have the sacrifice fairly adjusted, 
so that one class may not be immolated for the safety of the rest. But this 
adjustment can only be effected by a reformed parliament. Constituted as 
the house now is, one or two interests predominate, and these interests will 
naturally endeavour to maintain themselves at the expense of the others. 
Such a reform, therefore, as incorporates all interests, as gives to each its 
fair weight in the assembly of the people, is the first step in the settlement 
of our difficulties, and the only means by which they can be equitably ap- 
portioned. Any other remedy would be partial, transitory, and unjust ; 
while reform would perpetuate and secure the safety of all classes, high and 
low. A shallow rapacious policy may suggest that the minority may best 
maintain themselves by refusing every thing ; that force and terror may 
be substituted for justice and common sense ; but this is a fatal delusion. 
The public mind is too enlightened to be governed by such principles ; 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

they may succeed for a time, and barracks and bayonets prevail over the 
suggestions of reason and humanity; but the triumph would be short. A 
re-action fatal to the authors of such a coercive system would be inevitable: 
while, by timely concession, they may not only preserve themselves, but 
secure the happiness of all other ciasses of the community. 

Illustrations of the Progress of the National Debt 
and the Sinking Fund. 

Summary of the Progress of the Debt from the Commencement of the 
Funding System, at the Revolution, to the Death of George III. 

Principai. Interest. 

National Debt at the revolution ^664,263 of 39,855 

Increase during the reign of William III . 15,730,439 1, 27 1,087 

Debt at the accession of Queen Anne 16,394,702 1,310,942 

Increase during the reign of Queen Anne . . 37,750,661 2,040,416 

Debt at the accession of George 1 54,145,363 3,351,338 

Decrease during the reign of George 1 2,053,128 1,133,807 

Debt at the accession of George II . . . . . 52,092,235 2,2 1 7,55 1 

Decrease during the peace 5,137,612 253,526 

Debt at the commencement of the war of 1739 46,954,623 1,964,025 

Increase during the war . . . . .^ 31 ,338,689 1 ,096,979 

Debt at the end of the war, 1748 78,293,312 3,061,004 

Decrease during the peace 3,721,472 664,287 

Debt at the commencement of the war, 1755 74,571,840 2,396,717 

Increase during the war... ..^ . . . 72,111,004 2,444,104 

Debt at the conclusion of the war, 1782 . . ._ 146,682,844 4,840,821 

Decrease during the peace ^.^.-^ 10,739,793 364,000 

Debt at the commencement of the American 

war, 1776 .^ 135,943,051 4,476,821 

Increase during the war ..,.. .^. ►«« .- 102,541,819 3,843,084 

Debt at conclusion of the American war, 1783. 238,484,870 8,319,905 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

Brought over, 238,484,870 8,319,905 

Decrease during the peace 4,751,261 143,569 

Debt at the establishment of the Sinking 

Fund, 1786 249,1 75,323 10,774,398 

Increase from 1786 to 1793 5,131,112 94,577 

Debt at commencement of the war, of 1793. 254,306,435 10,868,975 

Increase to the peace, of 1801 293,591,441 12,438,767 

Debt at the peace of America, 1801 547,897,876 23,307,742 

Increase during the peace 81,569,653 3,735,883 

Debt at the renewal of the war, in 1803 629,467,529 27,043,625 

Increase during the war 49 1,940,407 16,940,954 

Debt at the peace of 1815 1,121,407,936 43,984,579 

Increase during the peace 108,987,631 5,202,771 

Debt, January 5, 1819 1,230,395,567 49,187,350 

Deduct Debt redeemed by Sinking Fund . . 389,637,049 15,815,001 

Net unredeemed Debt, January 5, 1819 .. 840,758,518 33,372,349 


Mystery of the Funding System. 

" National Debt 

" An Account of 
the Charge for Ma- 
nagement of the 
.Sums applicable to 
the reduction of the 
Funded Debt of the 
United Kingdom, 
from 1793 to 1821. 
Printed by Order of 
the House of Com- 
mons, February 15, 



. >0OO'Ot^OO'0OOC0'S'i0t^t~ 
Hjr^-*-Trr''*CCit>.t^COCOO&0 0»_0» 


Paid to the Bank 
by Acts of Par- 
liament, for Ma- 
nagement at 450/. 
per Million, till 
1808, and 300/. 
per million since 


£ s. d. 


Total Sums paid the 
Bank for receiving 
Loans, so far as 
relates to Loans 
raised to make 
Stock for Commis- 
sioners to pur- 

£ s. d. 
60,113 9 5 


Paid to the Bank 
per Million for 
receiving Loans 
as per the Ac- 
count printed by 
Order of the 
House of Com- 
mons, March 14, 

£ s. d. 
at 805 15 10 


" An Account of the Monies actually expended by the Commis- 
sioners for the Reduction of the National Debt in the pur- 
chase of Capital Stock, in each Year, from the 1st Feb. 1793, 
to the 1st Feb. 1814. Printed by Order of the House of Com- 
mons, May 9, 1814." 


£ s. d. 
74,614,707 1 11 



a. c 

V - 


£ s. d. 
1,630,615 1 4 

1.872.200 4 2 
2,134,595 16 1 
2,639,724 9 5 
3,369,218 3 4 
4,025,204 11 2 
4,375,923 15 5 
4,767,991 4 11 
5,310,511 9 9 
5,922,978 19 11 
6,287,941 8 

6.851.201 10 10 
7,615,167 7 9 
8,323,328 13 11 
9,479,164 12 3 


00>0>00>0>C)000 ooooo 



Mystery of the Funding System. 




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Mystery of the Funding System. 

No. III. 

An Accoiji^T of the Total Amount of the FUNDED mid UNFUNDED 
DEBT of Great Britain and Ireland, as it stood in each Year, from 
the Year 178(3 to 1819, both inclusive; distinguishing the Amount of 
Funded Debt redeemed, and also the Amount of Interest and Charges upon 
the unredeemed Debt, from the Amount paid to the Covwdssioners for 
the Reduction of the National Debt on account of Sinking Fund or 
Interest on redeemed Debt. [Pari. Paper, No. 35, Dec. 1819.] 



,620, 1 28 


































Cliarge in re- 
spect of Un- 
Debt inclu- 
ding Annui- 
;ies for Lives 
or Years, and 


819 9 













56; 33 



Charge in re- 
spect of Re- 
deemed Debt, 

Sinking Fund 































Total Charge. 




State of the Finances. 



General Principles of Finance. 

I. THE annual income of a nation consists of the united produce of its 
agricultural labour, manufactures, and commerce. This income is the 
source from which the inhabitants derive the necessaries and comforts of 
life ; distributed, according to their stations, in various proportions, and from 
which the public revenue, necessary for internal administration, or for war, 
is raised, 

II. The portion of national income, which can be appropriated to public 
purposes, and the possible amount of taxation, is limited ; and we are appa- 
rently advanced to that limit. 

III. The amount of the revenue raised in time of peace ought to be 
greater than the expense of a peace establishment, and the overplus applied 
to the discharge of debt contracted in former wars, or reserved as a resource 
for the expense of future wars. 

IV. In time of war taxes may be raised to a greater height than can be 
easily borne in peaceable times ; and the amount of the additional taxes, 
together with the surplus of the peace establishment, applied for defraying 
the expense of the war. 

V. The expense of modern wars has been generally so great, that the 
revenue raised within the year has been insufficient to pay it : hence the 
necessity of having recourse to the system of funding, or anticipation. 

VI. In every year of war, where this system is adopted, the amount of 
the public debt is increased ; and the total increase of debt, during the war, 
depends on its duration, and the annual excess of the expenditure above 
the revenue. 

VII. In every year of peace, the excess of the revenue above the expea- 



State of' the Finances. 

diture ought to be applied to the discharge of the national Debt ; and the 
amount discharged during any period of peace depends upon the length 
of its continuance, and the amount of the annual surplus. 

VIII. If the periods of war, compared with those of peace, and the annual 
excess of the war expenditure, compared with the annual savings during the 
peace establishment, be so related, that more debt is contracted in every 
war than is discharged in the succeeding peace, the consequence is a perpe- 
tual increase oi debt; and the ultimate consequence must be, its amount 
to a magnitude which the nation is unable to bear. 

IX. The only effectual remedies to this danger are the extension of the 
relative lengths of the periods of peace ; frugality in peace establishments ; 
lessening the war expenses ; and increase of taxes, whether permanent or 
levied during war. 

X. If the three former of these remedies be impracticable, the last forms 
the only resource. By Increasing the war taxes, the sum required to be 
raised by loan is lessened. By increasing the taxes in time of peace, the 
sum applicable to the discharge of debt is increased. These measures may 
be followed to such an extent, that the savings, in time of peace, may be 
brought to an equality with the surplus expenditure in time of war, even on 
the supposition, that the periods of their relative duration shall be the same, 
for centuries to come, that they have been for a century past. 

XI. When taxation is carried to the extent mentioned above, the affairs 
of the nation will go on under the pressure of existing burdens, but without 
a continual accumulation of debt, which would terminate in bankruptcy. 
So long as taxation is below that standard, accumulation of debt advances ; 
and it becomes more difficult to raise taxation to the proper height. If it 
should ever be carried beyond that standard, a gradual discharge of the ex- 
isting burdens will be obtained ; and these circumstances will take place in 
the exact degree in which taxation falls short of, or exceeds, the standard of 
average expenditure. 

XII. The excess of revenue above expenditure is the only real Sinking 
Fund by which public debt can be discharged. The increase of the reve- 
nue and the diminution of expense are the only means by which this Sinking 
Fund can be enlarged, and its operations rendered more effectual : and all 
schemes for discharging the National Debt, by Sinking Funds operating by 
compound interest, or in any other manner, unless so far as they are founded 
on this principle, are illusory. 


■State cf the Finances. 

These propositions are tuken with a slight alteration from Dr. Hamil- 
too's " Inquiry into the Rise and Progress of the National Debt ;" and 
fta the greater part are so incontrovertible, that it may appear super- 
fluous to adduce any argument in support of them ; and the others may be 
inferred by a very obvious train of reasoning. Yet measures inconsistent 
with them have not only been advanced by men of reputed abilities, but 
have been acted on by successive administrations, and annually supported 
in Parliament, and blazoned forth in every government publication. This 
may form an apology for a few observations ; and, in order that our remarks 
may be intelligible, and convenient for reference, we shall number them in 
the same order as the propositions. 

J. In every nation a part of the annual income must be withdrawn from 
*he inhabitants for the support of the army and navy, the administration of 
justice, and other public purposes. The sum thus withdrawn, however 
reasonable and necessary, is abstracted from the funds which supply tlie 
wants of the people, and, consequently, lessen their enjoyments. Tax- 
ation, therefore, though necessary, in some degree, is an eml. It may arise 
to a magnitude which will press severely on the comforts and necessaries of 
the trading and working classes. Hence the sophistry, that taxes are either 
}i&rmkss or beneficial; that they either return by other channels, or are a 
spur to industry. That which is taken and consumed can never be returned 
fey any channel ; and that can never form a spur to industry, which lessens 
the rewards by which industry is excited and put in motion. 

2. That the amount of taxation is limited, and that we have reached that 
Jimit, is clear from the depression of agriculture, and all branches of pro- 
ductive industry, from tlie pressure of taxation. We have arrived at the 
anomalous state described by Swift, when 2 and 2 do jnot make 4. Jf more 
taxes be imposed, instead of increasing, they will probably diminish their 
total amount, by impairing the sources from which they are derived. 

3. The latter part of this proposition requires explanation. We are for 
raising no ««rp/M5 revenue in a time of peat?, " as a resource for future 
srnrs.'' Such a precaution might involve the nation in war unnecessarily ; 
as governments, for obvious reasons, are always prone to commence hosti- 
lities, and are restrained more by want of 7neans than inclination. 

4. It is not intended to affirm, that the power of a nation to bear taxes 
is increased in consequence of its being engaged hi war. The contrary is 
always the case. Labour, agriculture, commerce, and manufactures, are 
the sources from which all revenue is derived. Some of them may be 
ameliorated, but they are depressed on the whole, and do not attain^ the 


State of the Finances. 

iolid prosperity they would have attained, had not war intervened. But the 
necessity of the war, real or imaginary, has a powerful influence on the pub- 
lic mind, and reconciles the community to submit to privations, which, in 
peaceable times, would be accounted insupportable. The latter is the sense 
in which the proposition is intended to be understood. 

5. Various causes maybe assigned for the increased expense of modern 
wars: the nature of our military weapons ; the entire separation of the cha- 
racter of the soldier from that of the citizen ; the system of colonies and 
foreign settlements, in consequence of which a contest which, a few centuries 
ago, would have been decided by a battle on the frontiers of the contending 
nations, now extends the ravages of war to every part of the globe : and, 
since the imaginary system of the balance of power has prevailed, large 
sums have been granted by states, like England, more opulent than xuise, as 
subsidies to others, supposed to be interested in the common cause. While 
these causes have led to great expense, the increase of national wealth has 
supplied the means, and the Rulers of this nation, in particular, by artfully 
supporting the illusion of a Sinking Fund, and a well regulated system of 
transfer of stock, have been able to draw forth a larger proportion of the 
wealth of the people than any other government in the world. 

6, 7, 8, and 9- The two former of these propositions appear self-evident, 
and the latter follows from them as necessary consequences. 

10. The dit!iculty, and even impossibility, of a further increase of taxes 
has been considered. Every new imposition, as the limit to taxation ap- 
proaches, becomes more oppressive and more unproductive ; and if Minis- 
ters obstinately adhere to an expenditure beyond the ability of the country 
to support, it is impossible to escape national, or more ^xo^ev\y government 
bankruptcy. So long as the practice was followed of defraying almost all 
the war expenses, by loans, and imposing taxes only for the payment of in- 
terest, the burdens of the war were so lightly felt, that the government 
promptness to engage in war was scarcely under any restraint. Had the 
supplies been raised within the year, and most of them by direct taxation, 
the pressure would have been so great, that it would have probably stimulated 
the people to restrain their rulers from engaging in hostilities for remote and 
delusive objects. Justice to posterity required this. Every generation has 
its own struggles and contests. Of these and these only it ougiit to bear the 
burden ; and the great evil of the Funding System is, that it enables nations 
to transfer the cost of present follies to succeeding ages. 

11, 12. Both these propositions have been sufficiently established in our 
article on the Sinking Fund. 



State of the Finances. 

Finance Accounts — Income of the United 

j4n Account of the Net Public Income of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland in the Year, ending 5th of January, 1821, a7id bth 
of January, 182'2 — [Lord Liverpool's Speech, Appendix.] 

Customs .... 4 



Post Office 


Hackney coaches 

Hawkers and pedlars 

One shilling and sixpence dut}' 
on places and pensions 

Seizures, proffer's fines, and for- 

Crown lands . . . ._ .«.. . . , 

Alienation duty 

Arrears of property tax 

Impress and other monies repaid 

Interest on contracts for the re- 
demption of the land tax .... 

Contr-ibutionsfrom persons hold- 
ing offices 

Surplus receipts on lottery . 

Money received from Bank of 
England on account of un- 
claimed dividends 

Money repaid into the Exche- 
quer on account of exchequer- 
bills for public works 

Money repaid in Ireland on ac- 
count of advances for public 

Proceeds of old naval stores .... 

Money remitted from France on 
account of pecuniary indem- 

£ ' s. 

9,837,279 8 

27,929,832 12 

6,562,253 6 

1,048,076 18 

7,719,228 17 

23,097 10 11 


78,624 1 91 

6,528 6 

966 13 4 

4,564 8 8 

30,782 4 1\ 

181,022 3 5f 

447 10 9f 


175,154 10 2 


97,149 13 1| 


£ s. 

10,582,762 18 


6,513,599 8 

1,383,538 9 

7,780,526 12 



£ 54,542,958 6 8| 55,997,592 4J 






77,441 16 7§ 

4,154 19 9 

966 13 4 

8,913 8 8 

34,234 15 gi 

198,804 12 7i 

44 li 

219,139 16 

83,910 13 3 


144,219 14 9 


* In comparing the net revenue with the expenditure, a difference will appear 
greater than actually exists. It arises from drawbacks, discounts, charges of manage 
nient, and other incidental expenses being deducted from the gross income, and in 
eluded in the expenditure. 



State of the SinancM. 

Expenditure of the United Kingdom. 

Expenditure of the United Kingdom, for the Year ending bth Janu- 
ary, li521. — t Annual Finance Accounts.] 

Heads of Expenditure. 

Class Total of each Class. 

I. — Interest of Permanent Debt of United 

Kingdom. . .. of 29,126,973 

Charges of Management 276,419 

For Reduction of the National Debt 17,667,536 


IL — Interest on Exchequer and Irish Treasury 

Bills , 1,849,220 

III. — Civil List, England 857,780 

Do. Ireland. 204,231 


JV.— Courts of Justice (England) 65,138 

Mint ....►.,..«...- 13,800 

Royal Family Pensioiw 327,066 

Salaries and allowances 56,948 

Bounties 2,849 

MiscellaneoQS ....*.-. .., 224,897 


v. — Permanent Charges in Ireland ...^ 381,504 

VI. — Civil Government in Scotland ...^.-.^,, 132,081 

VII. — Bounties to Fisheries, Manufactures, Sec.. . 359,213 

Pensions on Hered.Revenue /Excise.... 14,000 

I Post Office 13,700 

Militia and Deserters Warrants 51,426 

— — — 438,339 

VIH. — Navy, Wages, &c 3,454,000 

General Services 1,801,086 

Victualling Department 1,132,713 


IX. — Ordnance 1,401,585 

Army Ordinary Services 7,941,5 13 

Do. Extraordinary Do 984,91 1 

. — 10,328,009 


State of the Finances. 

X. — Loans, Remittances, Advances, &c. to 

other Countries^. 1,230 

XI. — Issues from appropriated Funds for Local 

purposes .h,--... . ...^... ^-. ... 49,129 

XII. — Miscellaneous Services at Home _. 2,324,653 

Do. - Do. Abroad 292,048 

— ' 2,616,701 

Total Expenditure 71,007,649 

Deduct Sinking Fund of the East India Company, 

repaid by them ....,..,. - 156,907 

Total c£70,850,742 

Viz. Paid to the Commissioners for reduction of 

the National Debt 17,510,629 

Do. to the Public Creditor, Interest on 

Funded Debt .......o£'29,126,973 

Do. to the Public Creditor, In- 
terest on Exchequer and 

Irish Treasury Bills 1,849,220 

Do. Charges of Management to 

the Bank of England .... 276,419 


Expenses of the Civil List, Civil Government, and 

Military Establishments 22,087,501 

Total of fO,850,T4l 

[To contrast the enormous disproportion betwixt the Public Expendi- 
ture of 1791 and 1821, we insert the following Statement, from Mr. Hume's 
speech, on Economy and Retrenchment, 27th June, 1821.] 


State of the Finances. 

Abstract of the Public Receipt and Expenditure for Great 
Britain, calculated on the Average Produce of the Years 1788, 1789, 
and 1790; and Estimates for 1791-2. — [First Report of the Committee 
of Finance, dated 10th May, 1791.] 


Permanent Taxes o£l3,472,286 

Land and Malt . . „ 2,558,000 



Interest and Charges of the Public Debt =£'9,317,972 

Interest on Exchequer Bills 260,noo 


Civil List 898,000 

Charges on Consolidated Fund 105,385 

Navy .^ 2,000,000 

Army 1,748,842 

Ordnance 375,000 

Militia...- 95,311 

Miscellaneous Services 128,416 

Appropriated Duties , 40,252 


Annual Million to pay off the National Debt 1 ,000,000 


of* 15,969, 178 

* Viz. For Interest of the Debt and Sinking Fund c£lO,577,972 

For Expenses of Civil List, Military Establishments, and Civil 

Government 5,391,206 

Total ^15,969,178 

N.B. The Expenditure of Ireland was somewhat above One Million 



State of the Finances. 

[The Documents which follow are intended to illus- 
trate the more important branches of Public Income 
and Expenditure.] 

Excise. — England. 



Actual Receipt 

in Money. 






Bricks and Tiles 


Cocoa Nuts and Coffee. 
Cider and Perry ....... 


Hides and Skins 


Licences , 




Printed Goods 

Salt , 




Stone Bottles , 

Sweets and Mead 


Tobacco and Snuff 

Vinegar and Verjuice.... 




Total Consolidated Duties.. 

r British, 51 G. III. c. 59 . . . 
\Foreign ....Do.. 

Total Unconsolidated Duties 

£ s. 

258,029 12 

,924,260 13 

365,021 4 

360,179 13 

20G,<J63 18 

62,812 9 

798,298 13 

639,208 16 

349,019 5 

599,854 11 

,204,549 9 

464,786 10 

26,287 15 


,450,144 18 

891,585 15 


,437,909 10 

56,865 6 

2,973 15 

11,159 13 

,945,384 11 

975,510 12 

46,965 5 

973,901 14 

8,576 13 



































1 ,096 





















s. d. 

1 2i 
8 4 

17 1| 
15 2i 

2 6§ 
6 4 

19 2^ 

8 llf 

6 11 

15 10 
14 2| 

18 7i 

16 10 

3 1 
C 10 
2 Si- 

ll 7| 

6 OJ 
Id 2\ 

18 4 

2 10 

7 6 
18 5 

3 11| 

11 G 


9 10| 


5 111 
3 4 


9 H 




State of the Finances. 



Actual Receipt 

ia Money. 





Malt, 43 Geo. III. c. 81 

Sweets .... Do 

Q, • •- /British Do 

SP'"^^\ Foreign Do 

Tea Do 

Tobacco and Siuiff, 46 Geo.Ill. c. 39 
Brandy, &c, 47 Geo. III. c. 27. 

Total Temporary Taxes ... 


Tobacco and Snuff, commuted 2Gtl 

Malt, Additional . . Do , 

Malt, Old, commuted 24th June 

Do. commuted 5th July 

Tobacco and Snutf, Do 

£ s. d 

967 15 lOJ 
1,877 16 

s. d. 



132 8 

2,613,263 16 0| 

283,776 12 
898,364 15 
512,076 8 
46,219 10 
195,153 4 

Total Annual Duties 

1,935,660 11 10 

TOTALS collected. 

Consolidated Duties 

unconsolidatrd duties 

Temporary Taxes 

Annual Duties ►. 


18,847,228 12 11^ 

425,668 5 5^ 

2,013,263 16 0| 

1,935,660 11 10 

23,821,841 6 3§ 

154 5 lU 

18,726 1 3i 

345 14 3 

86,815 2 7 

44,095 13 81 

8,387 15 10^ 

158,370 7 7i 

695,534 9 10| 

33 9 3i 

154 5 Hi 

158,370 7 7i 

854,112 12 9 

N. B Excise, Scotland, Gross Produce i:2,245,473 

Charges of Management and Allowances 394,005 

Excise, Ireland, Gross Produce 2,002,153 


State of the Finances. 

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Deeds, Law Proceedings, an 
(except Legacy Receipts, P 
Testamentary Inventories, Bi 
sory Notes and Receipts) : 



-5 J 




































State of the Finances. 

Balances m the Hands of the several Receivers-General of the Land 
and Assessed Taxes, and Pi-operty-Tax, on the 5th of January, 1821. 

Counties. Receivers-General. Balances. 

£ s. d. 

Bedford J. Gibbard G424 15 3 

fW. B. Simonds 6254 5 4 

1 E. Golding 3989 2 3 

R ,, S G. R. MinshuU 6480 15 10 

^^"^^^ ) W. H. Hanmer 3996 7 10 

Cambrido-e C. Pemberton 6418 17 9 

Chester' H.C.Cotton 6494 14 9 

Cornwall C. Rashleigh 6406 9 5 

Cumberland J. C Satterthwaite 4463 14 5 

Derby J. Crompton 6457 10 5 

r>„„^„ r J. J. Fortescue 6481 15 7 

^^^°" •••••! Sir J. Duntze, Bart 6382 in 

Dorset W. P. Hodges , 6374 12 U 

Durham and Northumberland C. Blackett 6331 1 4 3 

f H. P. Pulleine 3874 13 

v^..t J J. Tindall 3942 2 5 

^^^'^ 1 R. R. Milnes 3996 5 3 

t R. Creyke 3925 16 10 

r R. 

\ C. Round 398112 5 

Gloucester G. Talbot 6468 12 11 

Hereford P. Barneby 6256 8 4 

Hertford T. H. Byde 6430 5 

Huntingdon O.Rowley 6483 12 

TT , C Sir W. J. Twysden, Bart 6453 9 1 

^^"* I G. W. H. D'Aeth 3979 4 6 

T„ncaster ^ G. Case 3952 2 

^^^^^^^^' ^ E. Falkner 3960 19 6 

Leicester T.Peach 6220 17 1 

T- , $ S. R. Fydell 6422 13 7 

L^"^°^" I B.Claypon 6213 5 2 

Monmouth R. Lascelles 4484 8 7 

^^,.f,. J J. Petre 6384 1 2 

N°»^^'^ J W.Fisher 6415 11 3 

r E. Boodle 6494 14 4 

Northampton and Rutland < C. Smvth (late) 

L J- Beauclerk, (present) 3993 6 5 

Nottingham C. Greville 649110 

Oxford J. H. Tilson , 6467 13 5 

Salop ...... Sir F. B. Hill, Knt 648116 

So,ner.Pt $ J. Allen 623119 9 

^"'"''''^^ i Hon. G. Poulett 3945 8 6 

Southampton G. W. Ricketts 6495 6 

Isle of Wight. ^ W. Hearn 1692 1 7 

£gg^,^ ] IX. Andrews 6350 13 5 


State of the Finances. 

Counties. Receivers-General, Balances. 

£ s. d. 

Stafford E. Grove 639 1 9 

Suffolk J?V?-n''''' f;tl I I 

I D, E. Davy 6486 8 6 

S„rrpv J R. Smith 6467 13 8 

^"""^y 2 T.Page 3914 11 6 

Sussex C. Mitford 6143 8 3 

Warwick ] p-rir. Ifl'l'l 

t C. Fetherston 6453 2 6 

Westmorland E. Wilson 4485 1110 

Wiifc ^ ^' I^owles 6490 4 

"^'"^ i J. Awdry 6482 3 

Worcester Sir A. Lechmere, Bart 6498 3 

Wales (North) J J- Williams 4495 15 6 

^ ^ I J.L.Jones 4486 13 9 

Wales (South) E. C. Lord 4493 9 3 

Glamorgan H. Hollier, jun 4497 4 

Palaces G. Stone 49y6 19 7 

/- W. Bagot 6062 10 11 

London, Middlesex, I Sir W. Belliiigham, Bart 5852 6 7 

and < W.Everett ? 5953 18 6 

Westminster I S. N. iJarber 5700 2 8 

^ Lord Hood 5650 17 2 

of 362389 11 4 
Scotland A. Maclean 173 1 15 19 1 

^£535505 10 5 


An Account of Payments, so far as relates to Miscellaneous Services ; 
specifying the Amount paid for Services at Home and Abroad respec- 

Towards defraying the expense of the Roi/at Militari/ 

College » .' 1820 18,600 

Ditto Roytd Military Asylum 1819 35,500 13 10 

Towards Ihe repairs of Henry Vllth's Chapel 1820 3,317 6 9 

Towards defraying the expense of works carrying on at 

the College of Edinburgh 18 19, 1820 20,000 


State of the Finances. 

To defray the expense of making an Inland Navigation 
from the Eastern to the Western sea, by Inverness and 
Fort William 1819, 1820 ,£53,000 

For defraying the expense of building a Penitentiary 

House, at Milbank 1S19, 1820 63, 100 

Yov i\\t expense of the Estahlishmentoi axiio 1819,1820 18,000 

To defray the expense of Works and Repairs of public 

Buildings 1819,1820 47,740 17 7 

For defraying the charge of making variations in the road 

between Bangor and Chirk 1819,1820 20,000 

Towards completing the purchases for the new street 1820 90,000 

For defraying the expenses incurred in prosecutions re- 
lating to the Coin of this Realm 1820 4,000 

To defray the extraordinary expenses of the Mint in the 

Gold Coinage 1818 50,000 

To make good deficiency of Grant 1816 for expenses aris- 
ing from recoinage of the Silver Coin 1818 54,337 1 11 

To complete the expense of Works at Holyhead Har- 
bour 1818,1819 5,890 

For defraying the expense of Law Charges 1820 30,000 

Towards the expense of maintaining, confining, and em- 
ploying Convicts at home 1819,1820 93,007 

Towards defraying the expense of the National Vaccine 

Establishment 1820 3,000 

To enable the Trustees of the British Museum to carry on 

the Trusts reposed in them by Parliament 1820 10,009 16 10 

To defray such Charges of a Civil nature as do not form 
a part of the Ordinary Charges of the Civil List 

1819, 1820 347,898 12 1| 

Towards making good to the Civil Contingencies 1819, 
sums issued thereout for Public Services, not forming 
part of the Ordinary Expenditure of that Fund, 1820 21,563 3 lOi 

To make good deficiency of Fee Funds 1819, 1820 71,803 17 ^l 

To defray the charge of Contingencies and Messengers 
Bills in the departments of the Treasury, the three Se- 
cretaries of State, and Lord Chamberlain 1820 50,445 10 7 

For defraying the salaries of the Officers, and expenses of 
the Court a^d Receipt of Exchequer 1819, 1820 4,001 7 

To defray the salaries and allowances to Officers of the 

Houses of Lords and Commons 1820 24,193 3 

For further defraying the expenses of the Houses of Lords 

and Commons 1820 22,006 6 6 

To make good deficiency of Grant 1819, for ditto, J820 6,889 7 

To defray the charge of his Majesty's Secret Service, 

1819, 1820 53,347 10 

Towards satisfying certain Annuities, Pensions, and other 
payments upon the Consolidated Fund or Civil List, 
from the 29th January, 1820, the day of the demise of 
his late Majesty, to 5th April following 1820 132,063 2 

To defray the expense of printing for the House of Lords 

and Acts of Parliament 1819 17,000 

To make good deficiency of Grant 1818 for ditto, 1819 2,577 8 5 


Stnte nf the Finances. 

To defray the expense of printing 1,250 copies of the 50th 

volume of the Journals of the House of Lords. . 1819 1,671 2 
To defray the expense of printing Bills, Keports, and other 

Papers, by Ortler of the House of Commons . . 1820 4,789 3 
To make good deficiency of Grant 1819, for ditto 1820 8,765 8 5 
For defraying the expense of printing 1,750 copies of the 
74th volume of the Journals of the House of Commons 

1819 3,500 
To make good deficiency of Grant 1819, for ditto 1820 1,933 10 10 
Towards defraying the expense of re-printing Journals and 

Keportsofthe House of Commons 1819 3,000 

To make good deficiency of Grants for printing Votes for 

the House of Commons 1819,1820 2,507 7 4 

For the relief of the suffering; Clergy and Laity of France, 
Toulonese and Corsican Emigrants, St. Domingo Suf- 
ferers, and Dutch Naval OJficers 1819,1820 33,000 

Y ox ihe.xG\\G.i oi \hQ Aincrican Loyalists 1819 8,000 

For defraying the expense of the Criminal Lunatic Asy- 
lum 1818,1819,1820 3,066 7 5 

To the Governors of Queen Anne's bounty for augment- 
ing the maintenance of the Poor Clergy in England, 

1818, 1819 200,000 
To defray the expenses of an Institution called the Refuge 

for the Destitute 1820 5,000 

To defray the superannuation Allowance to Joseph Planta, 
Esq. formerly one of the Paymastei-s of Exchequer 

Rills 1819 206 13 4 

To defray the superannuation Allowances to retired Clerks 

in the Office for auditing Public Accounts 2,012 17 8 

Ditto to retired Clerks in the Lottery Office 166 10 
Ditto to Persons formerly employed in Pub- 
lic Offices 1820 1,290 

Ditto to Officei-s and other Persons formerly 
employed on the Military Roads in 

Scotland 1818 299 

Ditto to retired Consuls Abroad .... 1819 295 
Ditto to William Bell, late a Master Ship- 
wright, at Kingston in Canada 1819 112 10 
Towards enabling his Majesty to pay Allowances from 
29th January 1820 to 5th July following, to certain of 
the Officers and Attendants on his late Majesty, and to 
certain other Persons to whom his Majesty had granted 
Pensions or Allowances out of his Privy' Purse 1820. 8,050 
To enable his Majesty to pay one Year's salary to Persons 
who received Salaries or Allowances from his late Ma- 
jesty's Privy Pui-se 1820 403 6 

To defray the expense of Commissioners for promoting 

the building of additional Churches and Chapels 1820 3,000 
To make good the Total Sum charged upon the Fees 
arising in the Exchequer in the year ended 5th April, 

1819 1820 23,097 17 4 

For the salaries of the Officers and incidental expenses in 

preparing and drawing Lotteries 1819, 1S20 10,000 



State of the Finances. 

Bank of England for receiving ConUiijutions to Loan of 
ei'12,000,000 for the year 1819, and for discount on 
prompt payment of the same 13r,6:>!5 12 

Bank of England for receiving Lotteries 3,000 

Paymasters of Exchequer Bills for premium on Exche- 
quer Bills paid in on account of Loan i:i2,000,000, 
anno 1819 58,607 

To the Chief Cashier in the Office of the Auditor of the 
Exchequer for extra trouble in preparing Exchequer 
Bills, per Act 48 Geo. IIL.... ^00 

Bank of England for payment and management of Life 

Annuities 1,575 8 

For salaries to the Officers and incidental expenses of the 

Commissioners for the reduction of the National Debt 6,900 

For salaries and incidental expenses in the Office of Ex- 
chequer Bills for the employment of the Poor. 1,500 

For incidental expenses of carrying into execution the 

Acts for redemption of Land Tax 2,515 2 

Total Services at Home ^'1,924,508 5 

Total Services Abroad ^ 

Total Services at Home 

292,047 12 
1,924,508 5 




To defray the expense of the Civil Establishment 

Of Bahamas 1819, 1820 3,301 10 

New Brunswick „ „ 6,757 10 

Newfoundland „ ,, 5,476 

New South Wales „ „ 17,825 

"" Nova Scotia „ „ 13,516 17 6 

Dominica „ „ 600 

Upper Canada „ ,, 10,800 

Sierra Leone „ „ 21,687 15 

Cape Breton „ „ 2,990 

Prince Edward Island ,, „ 4,490 

For maintaining and repairing British Forts on the coast of 

Africa 1820 25,000 

To pay Bills drawn from New South Wales 1820 60,000 

To satisfy the Awards to Portuguese Claimants, by the 
Commissioners under Treaty with Portugal for prevent- 
ing illicit Traffic in Slaves 1820 98,603 OJ 

To defray salaries and expenses of the said Commissioners 

1820 21,000 

£ 2,216,555 18 OJ 



State of the Finances, 

Payments out of the Consolidated Fund. 

£ 3. d. 

Sinecures and Pensions , 1,181,336 4 4 

Courts of Justice: 

Judges of Engknd and Wales 13,050 

Deficiencies in tiie salaries of English 

Judges 13,646 18 10 

Additional salaries to Welsh Judges 3,200 

John Baldwin, Escj. Receiver of the 

Seven Police Offices 21,629 1 5^ 

P.Colquhoun,Es(i. ditto Thames Police 1,785 2 

C. Bathurst, Esq. ditto ditto 3,537 8 7 

T. Venables, Esq. ditto ditto 1,889 6 4 

The Sheriffs of England and Wales 4,000 

Clerk of the Hanaper in the Court of 

Chancery 2,400 


Master of his Majesty's Mint in England 13,800 

Ditto Scotland 

Deficiency of Mint Fees 

65,137 17 3i 

13,800 O 

Salaries and Allowances: 

Right Hon. C. M. Sutton, Speaker of the 

House of Commons, to complete his 

salary of £6,000 per annum 1,807 t 

E. "Roberts, Esq. on the yearly sum of 

o£650, formerly paid to Auditor of 

the Exchequer". 650 

Geo. Pepler, Escj. Inspector of Tontine 

Certificates, an. 1789 500 

Chief Cashier of the Bank, for Fees at 

sundry public Offices 1,175 

Ditto South Sea Company, ditto 269 9 10 

For the encouragement of the growth of 

Hemp and Flax in Scotland 2,956 13 8 

W. M. Praed, Esq. Chairman of the 

Commissioners for auditing the Public 

Accounts 1,.^00 

Sir C. W. R. Boughton, Bart, one of the 

Commissioners for ditto 1,200 

Richar.l Dawkins, Es(i. dil'.o 1,200 o n 



State of the Finances. 

£ s. d. 

John Whishaw, Esq. one of the Commis- 
sioners for auditing Public Accounts. . 1,200 

John Sargent, Esq. ditto 1,200 

Salaries and Contingeiicies in the Office 

of the said Commissioners 33,497 1 1 

J. Halkett, Esq. Chairman of the Com- 
missioners for auditing West India Ace. 1,500 

John Wilson, Esq. one of Com. for ditto 1,000 

James Cliapman, Esq. ditto, 1,000 

Salaries and Contingencies in the Office 

of the said Commissioners 6,292 8 3 


66,948 4 
2,849 1 


Russian Dutch Loan, 55 Geo. III. c. 115. 119,517 1 
Deficiency of Profits to the South Sea 

Company, 55 Geo. III. c 57 2,200 17 

Contingencies in the Office for inquiring 

into Charities 14,000 

Irish Life Annuities 38,978 17 

Commissioners of Roads to Holyhead. . 25,000 

Duke of Wellington, 54 Geo. III. c. 161. 20,000 
Commissioners for the improvement of 

Port Patrick Harbour 5,000 

224,896 16 

£ 1,548,478 11 lj| 


Economy and Retrtnchment. 



THE labours of Mr. Hume are an instance of what the ability and per- 
severance of a single individual may accomplish even in the House of 
Commons as at present constituted. The Opposition must be heartily 
ashamed of their former inefficiency, and, doubtless, feel some mortifica- 
tion in beholding an obscure member effect in one or two sessions all they 
had been talking about for years. It is not, however, so much the 
good Mr. Hume has effected as the evil he has prevented that entitles 
him to the gratitude of the country. From 1817, all the great branches 
of public expenditure had been annually augmenting; the army, the navy, 
and ordnance had all increased, and the estimates for 1821 were greater than 
in any preceding year, except 1820. Hovv far this progression would have 
extended, had not Mr. Hume, supported by a small phalanx of honest 
members, commenced his exposures, it is impossible to say. His mode 
of attack could not be resisted : though an unofficial man himself, he 
showed as intimate acquaintance with the details of the public accounts 
as those who had been all their live": in oflice. Even Mr. Gooch and 
Stuart Wortley were cotistrained to admit the value of his services, and 
the reductions of the present session may be ascribed entirely to his 

To judge of the value of these reductions, and the importance of Mr. 
Hume's labours, it will be necessary to advert to the state of the expen- 
diture when he undertook to shame Ministers into some sort of economy by 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

an exposure of their profusion. The great object of his exertions was to 
show the immense disproportion betwixt the peace expenditure of 1792 
and the present lime, and to establish this point he brought forward, in his 
memorable speech of the 27th June, 1821, numerous statements illustrative of 
the expenditure of the two periods. As these documents must be extremely 
valuable for reference in all future discussions on the subject, we shall in- 
corporate the most important in the Supplement, with a few observations. 

The first subject of comparison was the disproportion betwixt the military 
and naval establishments. It appears that, in 1792, the whole charge for the 
army, navy, and ordnance, was o£'4,760,694, and that, in the past year, 
it amounted to Xl6,715,408, making an increase of c£n,934,714 ; as 
appears by the following statement : — 

Abstract of the Expense of the Army, Navy, and Ordnance 
of Great Britain and Ireland, in the Years 1792 aiid 1820. 

In 1792— Great Britain Army Ordinary...... ^1,814,000 

Ireland Do. Do 5 16,349 


Ordnance Great Britain 422,001 

Do. Ireland 22,862 

Navy , 1,985,482 

Total charge in 1792 ^4,760,694 

In 1820 — Great Britain Army Ordinary 7,941,513 

Extra 984,911 

Ordnance Great Britain 1,401,585 

Navy 6,387,399 

£ 16,715.408 
Total charge 1792 4,760,694 

Being more in 1820 £ 11,954,714 than in 1792 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

The comparison of the numbers of the army was not less striking. The 
total number of the troops regular and irregular in 1792 was 86,807. In 
1821, the number of regular ti'oops was 101,539, and the irregular, 169,328; 
making a total of 263,867, and giving an increase of 177,060 men above 
the numbers of 1792. 

Statement of the Military Force, regular and irregular (Men and Officers 
included), in Great Britain, Ireland, and the British Colonies, 
(exclusive of the East Indies), in the Yeare 1792 and 1821, made up 
from Returns before Parliament. 


Regular Cavalry and Infantry in Great Britain 15,919 

Do. Do. Ireland 12,000 

Do. Do. Colonies 17,323 

(Including the Corps at New South Wales) 45,242 

Royal Artillery 3,730 

Do. Marines 4,425 


Total Regulars 53,397 

Militia of Great Britain disembodied 33,410 

Totallrregulars ^ 33,410 

Total Regular and Irregular Troops . . 86,807 

Regular Cavalry and Infantry in Great Britain .... 27,852 

Do. Do. Ireland 20,778 

Do. Do. Colonies 32,476 

8 1 , 1 06 

Royal Artillery 7,872 

Do. Marines «,000 


Kegular Colonial Troops at llie Cape of Good Hope 458 

Do. Do. Ceylon 3,606 


Recruiting Establishment 497 

Total Regulars |UJ,:)3§ 



Economy and Retrenchment. 

Militia of Great Britain disembodied in 89 Regiments 55,092 
Do. Ireland Do 38 Regiments 22,472 


Yeomanrji in Great Britain, Men and Officers . . 36,294 

Do. Ireland 30,786 

Volunteer Infantry, in Men and Officers, Great Britain 6,934 


East India Company's Regiment 750 

Veteran Battalions disembodied and ready to be called . . 10,000 


Total Irregulars 

Men in Arms, or may be in Arms in a few hours or days : 

Total of Regular and Irregular, 1821 263,867 

Do. Do. in 1792 86,807 

More in 1 821 than in 1792 177,060 

In this enormous increase was included nearly 10,0!)0 dragoons and 
household troops, the most expensive class in the army. The following 
statement shows the increase of life and foot guards and cavalry at the two 


Officers and Non- 
Officers in 1821. 

Total of Men 
and Officers in 


Increase in Rank 
and File in 




Life Guards 
Horse Guards 
Dragoon Guards 
Dragoons , . 
Foot Guards 








2,668 1 

5,152 t 







S 1,972 

i 3,072 


Total Number. 






Lord Castlereagh defended the large establishment of the army on the 
pretext that they were necessary to the relief of foreign stations ; but this 
cannot apply to the household troops, as they are never sent abroad in 
peace. The sums saved by their reduction would be considerable, since 
the expenses of every horseman is nearly as great as those of the junior 
clerks in the public offices, some of whom have been so unsparingly re- 
duced, that their superiors might enjoy undiminished their overgrown 
emoluments. The expense of a dragoon and horse, exclusive of forage. 



Economy and Rttrenchment. 

&c. is „£57 a year, and of a life and horse-guardsman ,£75 a year; whilst 
the charge for infantry of the line is only ^31 per man. The increased 
charge for military staff and office establishments kept pace with other 
branches of army expenditure. 

Charge for Military Staff, and the Office Establishments of the 
Army in 1792 and 1821. 

1792 1 1821 

Amount of Expense of Staff in Great Britain 

Office Estabhshment 

£ 6,247 


Do Do. Do Colonies 

Total in each Year 

£ 44,293 


The comparative expenditure of the Public Department of the Army 
was as follows: 

The Paymaster General, his Deputies and Clerks 

Secretary at War, his Deputy and Clerks , 

Fees at tlie War Office, received by the Deputy and 

Clerks .' .'.. 

Judge Advocate General 

Do. Do. Do. North Britain 

Comptrollers of Accounts 

Commander-in-Chief's Office 

War Office 

Total in each Year 
















The half-pay allowance, and the manner of filling up commissions are 
subjects of great abuse in the army. Half-pay was originally intended as 
a reward for past services, but by the system now adopted it is a mode of 
increasing the pensiimers of the crown. Mr. Hume produced a list of 
233 individuals who had been placed on the half-pay list within the same 
year, and upwards of 130 of them on the same day on which they had re- 
ceived their first commissions. But this was only a part of the evil: it 
appeared by parliamentary returns, that 1,194 first commissions had been 
given in the army, artillery, engineers, and marines, and 341 in the navy, 
making a total of \,5'3'i first commissions since the peace.' In the army 
1,105 officers had been appointed to first commission?, of which 508 had 
been given awav without purchase. If these 508 commissions had brcn 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

filled up from the half-pay there would have been a savhig to the country of 
o£27,813 a year. It appeared, also, that the number of promotions in the 
army from cornets to lieutenants, from lieutenants to captains, and so on, 
within the last five years, was 1,448 ; and if to these the 1,105 first commis- 
sions be added there is a total of 2,553 commissions granted in that time. 

In 1821 there were 9,037 ofilcers on the half-pay of the army, at an ex- 
pense of o£'812,557 per annum. The following statement shows their rank 
and numbers : — 


Colonel , 1 

Lieutenant-Colonels 1 87 

Majors 332 

Captains ; Lieutenants and Captains of Foot Guards and Captains 

and Lieutenants 1,836 

Lieutenants, and Ensigns and Lieutenants of Foot Guards 3,491 

Cornets, Second Lieutenants and Ensigns 1,346 

Paymasters ISO 

Adjutants 130 

Quarter-Masters and Troop Quarter- Masters 483 

Surgeons 333 

Assistant Surgeons, Staff Assistants, Hospital Assistants and Mates 359 

Veterinary Surgeons 24 

Physicians 34 

Superintendants-General and Inspectors of Hospitals 70 

Apothecaries, Purveyors, and Clerks 100 

Inspecting Field OflScers of Militia, Assistant Quarter-Master 

General, Deputy Judge Advocate, &c 28 

Commissaries, Deputies and Assistants 13 

Chaplains 75 

Total 9^037 

In the navy a similar eagerness to create sinecures had been manifested ; 
although 7,000 officers were on the navy half-pay, yet, in five years, 341 
first commissions had been given, and 337 promotions made. 

The Royal Military College was established in 1801, at a yearly expense 
of ^3,859, yet it appears by the following statement that, in the five years 
since the peace, from I8I6 to 1821, it had cost, for the junior department 
alone, i:il5,200, and for both departments, £134, 130. 




Economy and Retrenchment. 

Expense of the Royal Military College, for the Years 1816, 1817, 
1818, 1319, awrfl820, and Estimate forlS21. 



1818. 1 




Cad. Off. 
412 30 

Cad. Off. 
214 30 

Cad. Off. Cad. Off. 
330 30 320 30 

Cad. Off. 
290 30 

Cad. Off. 
1,764 150 







^ 1 








Junior Department . . 


£ 28.185 





750 : 

3,647 1 











Senior Department. . 

Total Expense in 1 
each Year .... J 

£ 33,818 






No. of Cadets who"^ 
have received 
Commissions in )> 
each of these 
Years J 








N.B. The Estimate for 290 Cadets and 15 Officers for 1821, is £18,739. 
Estimate for 1822 is £1.'),480. 

During the five years there had been 1764 cadets educated there, but 
only 160 had received commissions, so that the expenses of this establish- 
ment, divided among the number who had been admitted to the army, had 
been no less a sum than o£'720 each ! The stafT officers alone exceeded 
^6000 a year to manage a few embryo cornets and ensigns : a more ob- 
jectionable abuse can hardly be conceived, not less on account of the prin- 
ciple of this establishment than its enormous profusion. 

In the barrack and commissariat department there had been similar mul- 
tiplication of expense. Tiie commissariat, in 1792, scarcely existed, and 
the expense of barracks was only ^13,350 ; whereas the expense of the 
latter was now .£226,332 : and what appears extraordinary is that tiie charge 
for the barrack establishment in 1821 was greater than for 1818 and 1819. 
Of the profusion in the commissariat we may judge from the fact that, in 
Ireland, where 2400 horses were to support, the 7nere cliarge for the com- 
missariat establishment kept to supply them was greater than if each horse 
had been put out to livery, at the usual livery charge. 

So much for the Army Establishment : let us come to the Navy. The 

• If the Pensions, to the amount of £2,153 already granted, arc calculated at It 
rears purchase, ihey will amouot to ths sum of £25,836. 



Economy and Retrenchment. 

expenses of the Navy in 1792 amounted to =£1,985,482; in 1821 the 
estimates were =£"6,382,786. In the different civil establishments of the de- 
partment, the admiralty, navy, and navy pay-offices, the charges had 
nearly quadrupled. The victualling-office in 1792 cost ^36,536, and, in 
1821, ^96,456, being nearly trebled. The charge for dock-yard establish- 
ments had increased nearly eight fold ; and what is extraordinary there 
appeared little difference of expense between peace and war. In 1813, 
in the midst of war, when 666 ships were in commission, the expense of 
the dock-yards was only ^212,142; in 1821 when we had only 119 ships 
and 14,000 sailors employed, the charge was ^210,745, being a decrease 
of only e£l,389. Another extraordinary fact is connected with this sub- 
ject : such is the disproportion between the workmen, the most valuable 
part of the dock-yard establishment, and the officers and clerks to super- 
intend them, that the salaries of the latter considerably exceed all the 
wages of carpenters, caulkers, labourers, and every species of workmen 

We shall only say a few words on the Ordnance. The srverage expen- 
ture in this department for 1790, 1791 and 1792 was i:43,042 a year, 
whilst by the Annual Finance accounts the actual expenditure on the aver- 
age of the four years to 1821 was =£147,206. The augmentation arose partly 
from the increase of salaries, fees, and gratuities ; a subject which will be 
sufficiently intelligible from the following comparative statement. 
Comparative Expenses of seme of the Establishments of the Ordnance 

in 1796 and 1821, Fees included, in the Tower and Westminster 


The Master General 

Lieutenant General 

Surveyor General 



Secretary to the Board 

Superintendant of Shipping 

The Under Secretary and Clerks under 

the Master General 

Under the Surveyor General 

Under the Clerk of the Ordnance 

Under the Principal Storekeeper 

Under the Clerk of Deliveries 

Under the Treasurer 

Under the Secretary to the Board 

Porters and Messengers .,.,..., 


14 Clerks 

15 Do. 
12 Do. 

8 Do. 

10 Do. 

r Do. 








, =£ 

48 Clerks 10,621 




Economy and Retrenchment. 

The system of gratuities had been carried to such an extent that a clerk 
after one yeai-'s service, received a gratuity, increasing every year, 
until, in many cases, the amount exceeded that of the salary. These gra- 
tuities intended for extra duties and services were begun in war, and ought 
to have ceased with it. In 1796, the total gratuities paid in the ordnance 
was ^2,324 ; in 1813, they had increased to ^9,628 ; and in 1821, to ^30,000 
a year. The charge for medical establishments in the artillery had in- 
creased from af594, in 1792, to of 10,135, in 1821 ; an increase altogether 
disproportionate to the increase of men ; and many of the 12 surgeons now 
belonging to the artillery might, as formerly, be dispensed with. The board, 
consisting of a director-general, surgeons, &c. was new since 1792, and 
deemed altogether unnecessary when there was a general medical board for 
the army kept up at an enormous expense. 

Having gone through the great departments of the Army, the Navy, and 
the Ordnance, we shall only briefly notice the miscellaneous expenditure. 
The charges of all the public ofiices had been nearly doubled since 1792. 
The expenses of the treasury for salaries amounted to ^f^SjOOO a year, 
with o£8,000 for prosecutions relative to the coin, besides a separate charge 
for law proceedings, in each department of the state. Some offices and 
establishments entirely new had been created. The Colonial Office was new 
since the last peace, and its expense of 29,000 a year. The new establish- 
ment of the Insolvent Debtor's Court costs more than ^8,000, of which 
three judges received .£5,000 in salary. And the charge for the Alien 
Ojice was ,£5,135, though not a single alien we believe last year was sent 
out of the country. 

In the Civil Contingencies, and in the collection of the revenue Mr. 
Hume also proposed considerable retrenchments. In the collection of the 
revenue he thought ^fl, 050,000 might be saved, chiefly by reducing the 
number and salaries of the receivers-general, the allowance to stamp distri- 
butors, and in the expense of collecting the customs and excise. 

The following exhibits a recapitulation of the reductions proposed by 
Mr. Hume and other membei-s in the last session. 

Reductions proposed by Mr. Hume and other Members, in the 
Estimates in 1821. 
To reduce 20,000 men, household troops and troops £ 

in the Colonies 753,9">5 

Army extras, one-third of 934,91 1 300,000 

— ^1,053,955 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

By reducing 93 regiments of 650 men to 75 regiments of 800 each 2 1 1 ,000 

Do. Do. Barracks (England) 80,000 

Do. Do. Do. (Ireland) 40,000 


Do. Do. Commissariat, England and Ireland 1 15,000 

Military Staff, Great Britain and Colonies £ 105,943 to reduce 10,943 

Do. Irish Staff 20,538 6,538 

Commander-in-Chief's Office 14,474 4,000 

War Office 51,000 10,000 

Adjutant General's Office 6,844 1,500 

Do. Do. (Scotland) .... 900 351 

Quarter-Master General 4,692 1,500 

Do. in Scotland 922 622 


Judge Advocate General 5,180 

Do. (Scotland) 650 650 

Comptroller's Office 12,642 4,600 

Medical Staff 5,6l4 2,200 

Public Departments (Ireland) 10,518 3,500 

Volunteers and Yeomanry (England) .... 170,000 20,000 

Do. Do. (Ireland) .... 19,023 9,000 

Military College 16,915 7,244 

Do. Asylum 36,000 12,000 

Foreign Half-pay Agency 2,025 

Garrisons Abroad and at Home 34,000 12,449 

Recruiting 50,000 20,000 

Veteran Battalion Officers. 18,870 

Kilmainham and Chealsea Hospital Establishments . . 10,000 

Retired Allowances 40,000 8,000- 

Total for the Army 1,663,127 

Navy Establishments ^l,225,629i of of925,629 .... 251,407 

Building Ships .. 1,094,540 550,000 

Works in Dock Yard 424,648 357,136 

Ordnance.— Tower Establishment o£'65,804 

to reduce 15,818 . . 

Sundries total Ordinary 547,766 . . 1 39,191 

Extraordinary =£271,124 I .. 77,500 




'Economy and Retrenchment. 

In the Miscellaneous Items of .£2,444, 100 might be saved .... 250,000 
To be saved in the collection of the Revenue 1,050,000 

Total Reduction .£4,288,361 

These reductions of 4| millions are probably little more than half the 
amount that might be saved by reducing all our outgoings to the scale of 
1792 ; a measure rendered necessary by the altered value of the currency, 
and the circumstances of the country. Instead, however, of returning to 
the standard of 1792, the utmost retrenchments proposed by ministers this 
session is short of tzvo millions, as appears from the following statement 
taken from the appendix to Lord Castlereagh's speech, 15th of February. 

Supply granted Supply proposed 


Army of 8,736,092 

Navy 6,382,783 

Ordnance 1,094,900 

Miscellaneous 1,893,366 





Reduction £:i,96l,797 

From this proposed reduction two sums ought to be taken ; first, the 
addition to the army, in consequence of the state of Ireland, estimated 
£"350,000 ; secondly, the grant to Greenwich Hospital £'320,000 which re- 
duces the saving, according to ministerial estimate, to £^1, 291, 797. The 
supplies actually granted this session are in some branches less than the 
sums proposed by ministers. In the barrack estimate there was a reduc- 
tion of £10,000, on the motion of the indefatigable member for Aberdeen : 
whether this will be an ultimate saving to the country can only be 
known when the yeai-'s accounts are made up, its the House of Commons 
have only the estimates laid before them, and never call for an account of 
the actual expenditure. 

Nothing can be more extravagant than the whole barrack establishment, 
beginning with the Board of Management in London, whose expenses are 
.£17,000 a year ! There are 1,1 04 barracks of which the expense of al- 
terations and repairs are estimated at £60,000 a year : no inconsiderable 
sum for jobs and influence. Many of the barrack-masters are mere sinecures, 
for which they receive 155. M. and 105. a day: their total salaries amount 
to £"27,000 a year. If the present rates of pay in time of war, with bar- 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

racks full of troops, were sufficient, is it not reasonable to reduce them to 
half, or less, seeing there is little or nothing to do at present. Besides pay, 
every barrack-master is allowed coals, candles, and house rent. Many of 
them are stated to be civilians, living at a distance from tlie barracks they 
had charge of, and yet the same pay and allowances were given them. At 
Medbury, the barrack-master, Dr. Marshall, receives his pay and house- 
rent, but lives at Totness, 12 miles distant: he draws from the public an 
allowance of 266§ bushels of coals, and 106§lbs. of candles, as stated 
in the public returns. In the same way, Mr. Koughead, who is an iron- 
monger at Haddington, is barrack-master of Peirshill-barracks, 12 miles 
distant, and which he visits only now and then on his way to Edinburgh. He 
draws ^214 for pay and house rent, although he does not live in the bar- 
racks or near them; and he also draws 266 bushels of coals, and 1061bs. 
of candles, although he lives at Haddington. Unless we look at »hese 
enormous allowances to 104 barracks, some more, others less, we cannot 
account for the large expenditure and waste of public money. The pro- 
fusion will be evident, when it is seen by the public returns, that the charge 
of barrack-masters and barrack-serjeants at Windsor is ^'591 : 7s. 9d. in pay 
and allowances, and that they also receive 799§ bushels of coals, and319§lb. 
of candles at the public expense every year. 

An unsuccessful attempt was also made this session to reduce the charge 
for Military Staff. While a reduction has taken place in the number of 
men in the army, and when the number of all civil servants is to be re- 
duced, and the rates of salaries and allowances also to be lessened, it seems 
imreasonable to keep up the enormous charge for staff-officers in the army. 
Mr. Hume, accordingly, moved for a reduction of one-eight or o£'12,000 in 
the vote for military staff in the Colonies and Great Britain. 

It is worth while to remark the conduct of the House on these occasions. 
The county members are generally pledged to support retrenchment, yet, 
when any motions are made for that purpose, it rarely happens they obtain 
their support. Indeed, the whole Hcruse seems peculiarly averse to any ma- 
terial reduction in the military establishments : although the members style 
themselves the people's representatives, they appear to have little reliance 
on the affections of their constituents, and place their chief security in 
numerous barracks and a large military force ! Thus the motion of Mr. 
Hume for the reduction of military staff was only supported by three coun- 
ty members, the rest being absent or voting in the majority. The same 
gentleman's motion for a reduction of ^3,000 i«i the expenditure of the 
Royal Military College, was supported only by a minority oi fifteen viem- 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

hers. And the proposed reduction of the regular army from 68,000 to 
57,000 men had on\y fifty-one votes : these facts speak volumes on the feel- 
ings of the House on the subject. 

In the Colonies the expenses for staff are incurred under separate heads, 
which prevents a correct knowledge of the actual amount expended being 
known ; but we may infer from some instances the emoluments of persons 
on the military statfof the Colonies are enormous. Take, for example. 
General Sir Thomas Maitland, the brother of Lord Lauderdale ; this offi- 
cer is on the list of staff-officers and his various salaries, pensions, and emolu- 
ments, are as under : 

Commander-in-Chief of the forces in Malta and the Ionian Islands £S,'^bQ 

Governor of Malta 5,000 

Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands 1,000 

Pension from the revenues of Ceylon 1,000 

Colonel of a British regiment , say 1,000 

£ 10,458 

If =^'10,438 can be thus given away to one officer it need not be a matter 
of surprise that the expenditure of the empire is 26 millions in 1822, when 
it was not 7 millions in 1792. It matters little to the people of England 
how the several sums are paid, provided they come in the end out of their 
pockets and the revenues of the British territories, and on that account 
great consideration ought to be given to the aggregate amount each 
officer receives and his connexion with members voting such extravagant 

We may also notice that an attempt was made by Mr. Hume to reduce 
the charge of ,^'14,512 for the Comn)ander-in-Chief's office, but without 
success. In 1792, the duty of the Commander-in-Chief was performed by 
Lord Amherst with an office-establishment of only of 846, with some fees. 
In 1802 the expense had increased to ,£4,402 ; and now, in 1822, it is 
o£'l4,512. The Commander-in-Chief received ^9: 9«. a day until 1814, 
and since that year £\5 : Ss. or »£ 6,000 a year. We might say that it docs 
appear unreasonable and inconsistent with the professions of economy to 
continue that large and increased charge for personal pay in peace, with 
three secretaries, at an expense of c£2,965, &c. We would have our 
readers judge for themselves by the following charge for the office, viz. 
His Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief .^'16: 85. od per day £ 5,999 

4 Aid-de-Camp at 9*. &d. each 693 

1 Chaplain 115 

1 Military Secretary 2,000 


Economy and Retrenchment. 

1 Assistant ditto, and I Private Secretary 965 

12 Clerks and other officers .'..., 3,993 

Coals, Candles, Stationery, &c. 707 

of 14,5 12 

When the establishments of the Quarter-Master-General, the Adjutant Ge- 
ueral, and the War-Office, are taken into account, the expense for the Com- 
mander-in-Chief's Office is enormous. With such an increase of charge 
since 1792, it might have been expected that a reduction would have been 
made this year ; but the disposition of the Committee was stated by Mr. 
Hume to be too much against iiis proposal to reduce any part of that vote, 
that he did not even take the sense of the Committee on the subject, which 
we much regret, as the country ought to know th^ names of those who 
support such extraordinary charges. 

In the Ordnance Estimates, although there was much show and pro- 
fession of economy this session, there has been little or any reduction in the 
amount: between the estimates of 1792, 1821, and 1822, Mr. Hume made 
comparisons of the number of clerks in the great departments at the Tower 
and Pail-Mall, and could not, from the numbersgiven in these estimates, admit 
that the numbers were reduced. In no department is there greater profusion 
than the Ordnance, in which the charge is nearly trebled since 1792. Some 
salaries have doubled, others quadrupled ; the salary of the Master-General, 
for instance, from ^^1560 in 1792, has been increased to ^3175; that 
of the Chief Clerk of the Secretary's Office, from ^226 to ,£1771 a year ; 
and the Chief Clerk in the Surveyor General's Office, from ^437 to 
£1 136 ; and in like proportion in almost the whole establishment. Notwith- 
standing these augmentations, the estimates for the ordnance as well as those 
for the army and navy, were voted with e7npti/ benches. The lists of the 
minorities on these occasions seldom containing more than the names of a 
dozen members out of 658 ! — Such is the zeal and assiduity displayed by 
" the Guardians of the Public Purse," in discharging their duties to their 
constituents ! 



House of Commons. 



THERE is, certainly, no man belter acquainted withtlie character of the 
House of Coniinons than Lord Castlereagh : his experience in liie Irish 
legislature, and the long period he has had the management of the English 
Commons, must have afforded superior opportunities for becoming acquainted 
with the motives which generally influence members of parliament : 
whatever, therefore, falls from him is entitled to particular attention. 
We shall extract a passage from his speech on the 7th of February, 1817, 
on the appointment of the Finance Committee ; a sort of parliamentary 
humbug, of which it may suffice to observe, at present, that its ostensible 
object is economy, but its real object to screen ministerial profusion. 

His Lordship observed, " An honourable gentleman had said that such 
" a committee, as that he was about to move for, should be composed 
*• of members quite impartial in their views; but this qualification was 
*• far from being a common one ; and if the committee were to consist of 
*' twenty-one, he should be quite at a loss to fill it up if he were restricted to 
** that consideration: there were some gentlemen, indeed, in the House who, 
" with great honour to themselves, and, no doubt, with great advantage to 
" their country, reserved their minds for an impartial consideration of every 
" topic ; but they were not venj numerous, nor were they treated with pe- 
" culiar respect by the other side of the House ; indeed, if any thing were 
" viewed by the other side of the House with more peculiar hostility than 
"another, it was an attempt to set up an indepemh nee of opinion; and 
" if they ever felt the inconvenience of that independence to their own 
*' views, they resisted it with peculiar acrimony. Rejecting, therefore, 
*' the visionary prospect of choosing the committee out of that rare and 
" purer cla^s of luortals, he should fairly nominate to it members of both 


Hiiuse of Commons. 

"parties. Although he did not share all the indisposition which had been 
" manifested to the class of impartial persons, he went to a certain degree 
" witii those who objected to them, for he was perfectly ready to allow, 
" that public business co\i]d not be better managed or so ivell managed, 
" if it were not for the system of parties; and in his conscience he be- 
" lieved that whatever human happiness was to be found in this country, in 
" a greater degree than the other countries of Europe, was to be attributed 
" to that conflict of parties, chastened by the spirit of the constitution, and 
" subdued by the spirit of decorum. To this honourable and liberal, but 
" animated and determined contest was, he would repeat, to be attributed 
" the envied superioritij of the country in public happiness, ivisdom, and 
" liberty. ^^ 

A truer description of parliament was never delivered, and, coming from 
the quarter it does, the facts it contains are invaluable. First, we are told 
the House does not contain twenty-one "impartial members;^' secondly, that 
impartial members are viewed with particular aversion by the opposition ; 
and, lastly, that it is to the paucity of impartial members liuit the prosperity 
of the country may be attributed. 

If, for impartial, the word honest be substituted, his Lordship's meaning 
will be more correctly expressed, and the speech, so aincnded, read thus : 
" An honourable member had said that such a committee should be com- 
" posed of honest members, but such a qualification was far from beingacom- 
" mon one in that House ; and if the committee were to consist of twenty- 
" one honest members he should be quite at a loss to fill it up," and so on. 
By impartial members was evidently meant that class who vole without 
sinister motives — who do not belong to either of the trading factions into 
which the House is divided, and who vote on all questions, not with a 
view to their own emolument, but the interests of their country. But what a 
deplorable picture of the people's representatives : Sodom and Gomorrah 
were scarcely less righteous than they. Out of 658 members not 21 are to be 
found who do not consider government a mere job, and the public a goose, 
out of which it is the business of every political knave to pluck a feather! 

Lord Castlereagh says the Opposition view these impartial or honest members 
with " peculiar acriiuony :" this we believe. In truth there is nothing the 
Opposition so cordially detest as " independence of opinion." The small 
phalanx which has recently shown itself in the House must have been felt by 
them as a grievous calamity ; it is, in fact, the greatest misfortune that has be- 
fallen them since the Revolution. It has taken away all their cajolleries, all 
their delusion; they have nothing left ior talk ; and they have been re- 


House of Commons. 

duced to the alternative of either joining those whom they had long held 
up to public contempt, or of falsifying, by their votes, their repeated pro- 
fessions. But still worse for the Whigs : the entail is either cut oft"^, or 
the value greatly diminished : although they had no prospect of immediate 
possession of office, it is well known they looked to a good thing at a 
future day. But the value of the reversion is greatly impaired by the 
pruning of Mr. Hume and his colleagues, and it is clear whoever suc- 
ceeds to the administration, will not have so rich a harvest of plunder as 

Lord Castlereagh, says the " system of parties " or, more correctly, the 
system of roguery, has worked well : this we deny. We believe it 
will be found to have worked like roguish systems generally — to the ruin 
of all parties. How it has worked for the country we may learn from the 
state of agriculture, the debt, and poor rates; and it is mucli to us if the 
working of these fruits of the •' system <f parties" do not ultimately work 
a suitable punishment to the authors of such grievous calamities. 

It is almost unnecessary to add any thing to the preceding description of 
the House of Commons; one or two things, however, have turned up this 
session, which will still more illustrate its character, and which we shall 
briefly notice. 

The first is the Perpetual Pension Fund. This is one of the most notable 
jobs of corruption ; but, though it has been in existence for several years, it 
appears never to have attracted the attention of (hose watchful guardians of 
the public interests, the Daily Press. Mr. Creevey introduced the sub- 
ject this session ; till then we suspect the public was generallv ignorant of 
the existence of such an act as the 57 Geo. III. The title of the act is 
" j4n Act to enable his Majesty to recompense the services of Persons 
holding, or ivho have held high and efficient Civil Offices." Before ob- 
serving on the character of this measure, we will say a word on the way 
in which it originated. 

In the year 1817, there was a pretty general call for retrenchment, and, 
on the 7th of February of that year. Lord Castlereagh moved for the ap- 
pointment of a Select Committee of Finance, to consider what places, sala- 
ries, pensions, and establishments, could be reduced, without" detriment to 
the public service." A committee of finance, as before observed, is a 
complete delusion, and, on this occasion, il did not belie its character. The 
committee was named by Lord Castlereagh, and consisted almost entirely 
of placemen and pensioners, of men who profited largely in the abuses they 
i»ere appointed to investigate and reform. From such reformers nothing 


House of Commtns. 

very beneficial could be reasonably anticipated; it was necessary, how- 
ever, for appearances and a kind of parliamentary sanction to ministerial 

At this time the cries of the people were loud against sinecures and undeserved 
pensions, and, as a sort of tub to the whale, the committee recommended 
the abolition of some of the most obnoxious. Three acts were accordingly in- 
troduced by their chairman to abolish certain useless places ; as supervisor of 
his Majesty's printing-press, compiler of the Dublin gazette, master of the 
revels, chief justices in Eyre, clerk of the pipe, receiver of the bishops' rents, 
and some others. All these offices were to be abolished accordingly, but 
subject to existing interests. But mark the sequel : having recom- 
mended the abolition of these sinecures, the committee next recommend 
the creation of others; having cut down the places without any duties to 
perform, they create so many new pensions of retirement and superannuation, 
as actually to entail a greater burden on the country after this mock re- 
trenchment than before ! 

With this view, the 57 Geo. III. was introduced. The act begins by re- 
citing that, " the abolition and regulation of various offices, which deprive 
the crown of part of' the means by which his Majesty has been heretofore 
enabled to recompense the service of persons who have held higlt and efficient 
civil offices;" and it modestly enacts, that, from thenceforth and evermore, all 
the high and low " efficient public officers" of the country, from the first 
lord of the treasury down to the secretaries of the treasury, under secre- 
taries of state, clerk of the ordnance, first and second secretaries of the 
admiralty, all included, shall be supported by pensions paid out of the 
pockets of the people. This was reforming with a vengeance ! A committee, 
appointed expressly to abolish useless places, finishes by recommending the 
purchase of them, and the establishing of a perpetual fund to reward the 
holders thereof; most of the members of the committee themselves being 
the parties to be benefited by this admirable mode of retrenchment. 

The Sinecure Pension Bill assumes, as a principle, that the different sine- 
cures are the absolute property of our " high and efficient public 
men," and thence concludes, because these offices are abolished, these 
" high and efficient public men" should be provided for in some other 
way. At various periods the crown has parted with a part of its revenues, 
which, according to custom, as well as by law, the monarch could grant 
either to meritorious servants, or pei sonal favourites ; but on no such occasion 
has any representative of the people had the courage to stand up in his 
place and say, " Here is a considerable mass of property or plunder with- 



House of Commons. 

drawn from the grasp of our ' high and efficient public men,' antl it must 
be made up to them by corresponding pensions." The rapacious reign 
of Charles the Second furnishes no precedent iikethis ; and from the Revolu- 
tion downward, during which various places have been abolished, no com- 
plaint has ever been made before, tliat the mass of plunder was too 
small for the support of our " high and efficient public men" without crea- 
ting a new fund for the purpose. 

But it is the principle that is the most odious. What right had these 
" high and efficient public men" to compensation at all? The sinecures 
were abuses, and they ought to have been swept away without equivalent. If 
other classes are injured by reform or improvement, what compensation do 
they receive for their loss? The workman suffers by the substitution of machi- 
nery, the merchant and manufacturer by the vicissitude of commerce, and 
the farmer by the alteration oi the currency ; but they receive no equiva- 
lent; no fund is provided to make up the loss of their capital and industry. 
How many individuals have been ruined by the introduction of the steam 
engine; yet no one thinks of making up the loss of the sufferers. No 
one thinks of establishing a perpetual fund to compensate the loss of the 
stocking-weavers, printers, cloth-dressers, or coach proprietors: no one 
would think of compensating the loss of the publicans and brewers, from 
throwing open the beer trade. Yet the rights of all these classes are as sacred 
as those of the pensioners and sinecurists. They have all vested interests in 
their pursuits; they have all served apprenticeships or laid out their capital: 
and if the sacrifice of their property be a public good, they are as much 
entitled to compensation as the " high and efficient public men." 

Absurd as the principle is, it pervades the whole system : all abuses are 
private property, and you cannot reform them without raising an outcry 
that the interests of some class or other is violated. If you meddle with 
tithe, you are violating the property of the church. If you attempt reform 
in courts of justice, you are attacking the emoluments and patronage of 
the judicial classes. It you attack the rotten boroughs, you are accused 
of invading the property of the aristocracy. And, lastly, if you touch 
sinecures, they are the property of our " high and efficient public" men. 

Under such a system there can be no reform ; there can be only trans- 
formation of abuse ; you can only transmute a sinecure into a pension, or 
an enormous salary into a superannuation ; but as to getting rid of the evil 
altogether, it is chimerical. That can only be done by a reformed Par- 
liament, whicii shall have no Tested interests in the abuses it undertakes to 



House of Cninmons. 

The professed object of the Sinecure Pension Bill was to make up to the 
Crown the loss of patronage it sustained by the abolition of sinecures. But 
the Finance Committee, in framing their Bill, have dealt as freely with the 
power of the Crown as the money of the people; they have taken all into 
their own hands; they have taken upon themselves to ^elect the proper 
objects of the royal bounty ; and they have estimated the precise value of 
their services. Secretaries of State are put down as worth exactly so much 
— a head; and all the other high and low efficient public men have, in like 
manner, their price, the only conditions imposed upon the trade is that they 
shall have served their tinie.'^ 

Lord Sidmouth is one of " the high efficient public men," who has be- 
come entitled to pensions for life under the Sinecure Pension Bill. His 
Lordship receives ^3000 a year for his " high and efficient" public services. 
One of the offices reduced is that of Clerk of the Pells, which office Lord 
Sidmouth had taken for himself, or for a younger and better life, as a reward 
for his public services. The same Lord Sidmouth now enjoys the double 
advantage of holding, at the same time, the office of Clerk of the Pells, in 
the )ia}}ie of his son, and the grant of =£3000 a year pension, under the 57th 
of the late King. The office of Clerk of the Pells is at least ^2000 a year, 
and the public is, at the same time, loaded both with the ancient sinecure 
and the modern pension, amounting in the whole to c£5000 a year, besides 
Richmond-park Lodge, (and pensions granted to relations,) as the reward of 
the Sidmouth Circular, the letter of thanks to the Manchester magistrates, 
and other " high and efficient public services'''' of Henry Viscount Sidmouth. 
" So shall the brave in arms be crown'd ! " 

Government is a famous job, after all, and no wonder it has so many 
zealous supporters ; no wonder at the zeal of Scotch advocates ; no wonder 
at the squabbling, intriguing, and fighting for the "loaves and fishes;" no 
wonder at the devotion of the Bulls, the Beacons, and the Sentinels: " verily 
they have their reward." 

We come to another Job — the Grenville Sale, which is worthy to be 
chronicled in The Black Book. 

Reformers are constantly accused of imputing sordid motives to public 
men; now, we ask, what else can they make of such a job as this? Here 
is a knot of politicians, gorged with plunder before, who transfer themselves 
by regular contract to Ministers. The sale is announced in the newspapers ; 
the price, at so much per head, stated ; and the whole bargain as notorious 

• Seo ail aflmirable naiiij>lilft, piibiished by Ridgwuy, ei:iiiled " Rfnuirks upon 
the last .ScMon ul' PailiHi,ieiit. l',\ n. N>ar Observer." 


House (f Cmnmons. 

as tlie sale of a prize-bullock, or drove of cattle in Smithfield. Then, what 
are the terms? Why, on one side, it is stipulated, they shall sell them- 
selves to the devil without reserve; they shall forswear all their former 
opinions; they shall say that taxes are blessings from heaven; that the 
Salt-Tax ought to be continued, because it neither injures the poor nor the 
rich; that Catholic Emancipation is premature; that Reform is Revolution 
— and that Castlereagh is the only man who possesses wisdom and ability to 
preserve existing establishments : on the other side, it is bargained to pay 
them, out of the public taxes, ,£5000, ,£4000, and jClSOO a year, according 
to their zeal and talents for mischief. 

This is no fanciful description. The Windsor Express announced the 
sale, about the 17th of December last, in terms to the following effect : — 
That part of the Grenville family were immediately to join the existing 
Ministry ; that the Marquis of Buckingham was to be created a Duke ; Mr. 
Charles Wynn to be President of the Board of Controul ; Mr. Freemantle 
and Dr. Phillimore to have places; and Mr. Henry Wynn " to fill a high 
diplomatic mission on the continent." All whicli happened as foretold; 
the Grenvilles obtained lucrative places. So far the bargain was complete on 
one side, and it only remains to show how the Grenvilles have observed 
their conditions of the contract in renouncing their opinions. We will take 
the Salt-Tax, and begin with the learned Dr. Phillimore. 

On Mr. Calcraft's motion, in March, 1819, for a return of the salt de- 
livered duty-free, &c. the learned Dr. Phillimore declared his conviction, 
" that the tax ought to be abolished altogether, because the existence of 
such a tax is repugnant to the primary principles of Political Economy," 
&c. In the same session of Parliament, on the 25th of April, the same 
learned Dr. Phillimore himself, in the absence of Mr. Calcraft, moved for 
the gradual reduction or entire repeal of the salt duties; Mr. Calcraft after- 
wards acknowledging that he should not have gone so far. On this occasion, 
the learned Doctor said " it was a decided tax on the necessaries of the 
poor — one which affectecV every article of their subsistence : in short, it 
operated with immense hardship upon them, the bushel of salt being taxed 
forty times its value. No lax operated more upon their morals ; and it had 
been found that, wherever it prevailed, it was the sure forerunner of crime." 
— Hansard's Debates, vol. 39. 

So much for the learned Dr. Phillimore in 1819. In 182'J, the learned 
Doctor, having obtained a lucrative appointment, votes for the continuance 
of that tax which he had descril>ed as impolitic, unjust, odious, and 
" the sure forerunner of crime," 


House of Coimnons. 

The learned Doctor's fellow apostate, the Right Hon. Charles Watkin 
Wynn, has exhibited similar abandonment of principle: while out of 
place Mr. Wynn voted for a repeal of the Salt Tax; being made President 
of the Board of Controiil, he votes for its continuance. In 1812 and 1813, 
Mr. Wynn voted against the Double Postmaster-General; in 1822, he 
made a speech in defence of the Double Postmaster-General, In 1816, 
Mr. Wynn was of opinion that the " Peace Establishments should be re- 
duced below what they were after the American war ;" in 1822, he joins an 
Administration, bent on supporting a peace establishment treble the amount 
of that period. In 18l6, he avowed his determination to oppose the Alien 
Bill, so long ■ds"his bodily strength would holdout;'" in 1822, he joins 
Ministers, who, the same year, renew the Alien Bill for two years, vir- 
tually making it the perpetual law of England. The same right honourable 
gentleman, same year, spoke against the office of President of Board of 
Coutroul ; in 1822 he accepts the office of President of Board of Controul. 
The right honourable member used to declaim against the foppery intro- 
duced into the uniform of the military; but we have heard nothing on the 
subject last session. He used to contend, too, that the Colonies should 
support themselves, and not burthen the mother country with the main- 
tenance of a large military force in their defence. But it will be best 
to quote the honourable gentleman's words; the following is an extract 
from his Speech on the Alien Bill: — " Mr. Wynn was of opinion, that the 
" Alien Bill was a measure for which no necessity whatever existed : that 
" he had always been taught to think that the moment any man touched 
" British soil he became entitled to his liberty. Such had ever been the doc- 
" trines of all constitutional writers, and such was his decided opinion." So 
energetic was the right honourable gentleman in his opposition, that he 
/ declared his intention of dividing on every possible occasion, so as t 
«' force an adjournment; and pledged himself to persevere as long as his 
" bodily strength would hold out." On which the late Lord Castlereagh 
remarked, with Walpolian suavity, " that the appeal of Mr. Wynn to his 
own strength was apparently very formidable."-^Maz/ 20th, 181G. On 
the colonial subject he said, " with reference to our colonial possessions, it 
** was said that it became our duty to protect those who were transferred to 
" our power: it certainly did, but not to an extent incompatible with the 
" interests of our population at home. The defence of the colonies 
"should rest on our maritime strength; and if it was necessary to 
t' maintain in addition an unusual establishment of force for their pro- 
"' tection, it would then be a question whether the advantages deriveU 



Hiwse of Commons. 

" from their possession were equal to the expense of maintaining them." — 
March 8th, 1816. On the military, he said, in the same year, "that he 
" did not believe that there was a gentleman in that house who thought 
" that the ridicule was not justly and properly directed against the dress 
" by which that noble class of men (the soldiers) had been disfigured. 
" He would ask any gentleman if he believed that the fooleries and 
*' fopperies of some regiments of dragoons vvere the wish of their officers? 
*' The ridiculous trappings which meritorious ofilcers had been obliged 
" to appear in, had never been brought forward with the view of ridiculing 
" the officers, but those who exposed them to appear in such a disguise." 
— Mr. Wynn having got oi'5000 a year has said nothing more on such 
uncourtly subjects. 

Mr. Wynn's brother, Henry Wynn, was also included in the bargain: 
it was stipulated this young gentleman should be envoy to the Swiss 
cantons, at a salary of about o£'4000 a year. This was the most wasteful item 
in the contract. In 1791, the Charge d' Affaires to Switzerland had a salary 
of of 250 ; from that sum it was raised, to Mr. Stratford Canning, to above 
.i^lOOO, and lately it stood at ,£1500 ; but Henry Wynn, on account of 
the " high and efficient services" of his family, is to receive =£4000 a year. 

The Wynns, it will be remembered, are the nephews of Lord Grenville, 
the sinecure auditor of the Exchequer, and cousins to the Marquis of Buck- 
ingham, who it was stipulated should be made a duke. 

The price of lawyer Plunket appears to have been the Attorney- 
Generalship of Ireland, rated in the late Parliamentary Return at ,£4000 
a year, and fees. We shall be rather brief in noticing the lawyer's 
apostacy. The subject on which his apostacy is most conspicuous is the 
Catholic question. Having obtained a lucrative appointment he thinks the 
present not a proper time to bring forward their claims. Every one, 
however, must see through the paltry subterfuge. Good God! to talk 
about the present not being the proper time ! when could the Catholic claims 
have been introduced under more favourable auspices? — The prejudices 
against tiiem were never at a lower ebb ; the " no popery^' howl is hushed 
— the Empire at peace — no war abroad — nor political feeling at home ; 
Ireland alone is agitated — agitated because she is oppressed and persecuted ; 
why then not concede to her the boon of religious lilierty? — But the right 
honourable gentleman says it is not the time! when the question has gained 
by every discussion — when he is in office and partaking of the influence 
which he must derive from his connexion with the administration — it is not 
proper to introduce the subject. — Oh, lawyer Plunket ! lawyer Plunket ! 


House of Commons. 

lawyer Plunket ! you may declaim against the reformers ; you may talk 
about the sacredness of church property ; but there is nothing so sacred you 
apparently would not abandon for the wages and emoluments of corruption. 

So much for the Grenville Sale: Mr. Freemantle and one or two more 
were included in the bargain, but the present are sufficient for ilkistra* 
tion. That the Reformers have reason for imputing sordid motives to 
public men we think will be adrnitted. When men receive honours and 
places, and contemporaneously abandon their principles, who can help 
concluding one has been exchanged for the other, and that such men 
are devoid of honour, indiiferent to the public welfare, and studious only 
of private emolument? This we confess is no new discovery; it is not 
peculiar to the Grenvilles, but extends generally to the Collective Wisdom. 
There are doubtless exceptions, but this is the general character; they are 
mostly vendible; and judging from the example of the Copleys and 
Warrens, and, more recently, the Grenvilles, one cannot help concurring 
with Sir Robert Walpole that all the honourable members have their 
price, and that the most noisy opponents of ministers may be conciliated 
by a suitable distribution of places and pensions. 

Another subject of interest was, last session, the avowal of Mr. Robinson in 
the debate on the Joint Postmasters General, that the retention of useless 
offices is necessary to support the influence of the Crown. If the Grenville 
Sale illustrates the practical working of this system, the avowal of Mr. 
Robinson shows its theoretical iniquity. There is nothing new, however, 
in this doctrine; like the famous declaration, that the sale of seats nas as 
" notorious as the sun at noon-day ;" it merely avows publicly a notorious 
truth. The influence of the Crown consists in useless offices ; in oflices 
overpaid, in pensions, grants, and an enormous revenue expenditure. These 
are the government; it is not a constitution of nicely-balanced powers, but 
of patronage and emolument, depending on the enormous gains of the 
judicial classes, on an overgrown church establishment, and profusion in all 
public departments. While the system continues, these things are essential 
to its support. But the question is, ought a system resting on such a basis to 
be endured ? Could not a better be devised in a period of public distress and 
embarrassment ? Is it not possible to establish one more economical, more 
rational, and conducive to the general welfare, than one depending on 
useless offices, barracks, and a large standing army ? 

The reasoning by which the increased influence of the Crown is defended 
is, the increased intelligence of the People; the people having become 
more enlightened, more capable of discorering the defects of the system it 


House of Commons. 

is contended, the means of corruption should be augmented : instead of 
rendering institutions conformable to the increase of knowledge, it is 
intended to strengthen them by the retention of old, or the creation of new 
ibuses. However revolting such reasoning, it is unquestionably founded 
)n truth. There can be no doubt tliat the pivot on which the political 
-nachine turns is influence, or, as others would call it, corruption. Without 
: nis there would have been no Press Restriction Bills, nor Parson Indemnity 
fills, nor Irish Insurrection Acts. It is not the people nor the representa- 
tives of the people who pass such laws, but possessors or expectants of the 
gifts of the crown. When Mr. Robinson contended that useless offices 
7/ere necessary, he published a truth long ascertained, but which no public 
,ian had yet the hardihood to avow. We thank him for his candour; — 
he most inveterate libeller could not have depicted the system in colours 
lore odious: he has tacitly admitted it to be a mass of abuse, injustice, and 
'ppression, that cannot bear the light ; that it is bottomed in ignorance and 
'lelusion, and must crumble to dust at the first approach of inquiry. Could it 
oe painted in darker colours? or could more cogent reasons be urged for 
its reform? — We again say we thank him. 


Key tn the Lower House. 



Showing the most important Questions on which the Members have voted; 
the Counties, Cities, or Boroughs, for which they sit; the Offices, Pensions, 
Grants, Church-Preferment , or other Eviolument enjoyed by themselves 
or Families ; with Remarks on their Speeches and Conduct in the last 
and two preceding Sessions of Parliament. 


The places for which the Members sit are in italic. — When a Member is said to 
have voted for Parliamentary Reform, it is meant he voted for Lord John Russell's 
motion on that subject, on the 25th of April : it was the only motion on Reform last 
session ; it did not embrace any principle, and was merely declaratory, " That 
the present state of the representation of the People in Parliament required the serious 
consideration of that House." It was an important question, from the great number 
of members that voted ; and from distinguishing those who are in favour of Reform of 
$ome kind from those opposed to all Reform. The large minority of 164 on the 
occasion, shows the progress Reform is making in the most unfavourable soil. When 
a Member is said to have voted against the Influence of the Crown, it is meant he 
voted for Blr. Brougham's motion on that subject, on the 24th of June. Mr. 
Brougham's motion was, " That the Influence now possessed by the Crown is unneces- 
sary for maintaining its constitutional prerogatives, destructive of the independence of 
Parliament, and inconsistent with the well government of the State :" 101 Members 
voted for, and 216 against the motion. For Mr. Wyvill's motion, "that the best 
and most effective relief that can be given to the Agricultural Interest, is a large 
remission of taxation," only 37 Members voted. If a Member is said to be of Mr. 
Hume's phalanx, it is meant he is one of those patriotic individuals who steadily sup- 
portetl Mr. Hume in his various motions for the Reduction of the Estimates and 
Establishments. The Members who voted against Lord Althorp's motion for the 


A'cv til the Lower House. 

reduction of Taxation, show the more detcriTiined adherents of Ministers. Those 
who voted for the repeiil of the Salt Tax and the Window Tax, for the reduction of 
the Lay Lords of the Admiralty, of the Double Postmaster-General, against the Irish 
Tithe System, for the reduction of l(),()UO men in the Army, for inquiry into the third 
class of Civil-List Expenditure ; against the Alien Bill, against the Catholic Peers' 
Bill, and other questions illustrative of the principles of the honourable Members, are 
noticed. The Members who voted in 1821, for inquiry into the Manchester outrage, 
for Mr. Lambton's motion on Parliamentary Reform, and for the repeal of the Six 
Acts, are also mentioned. By the repeal of the Six Acts, is meant the Act for the 
prevention of "Seditious Meetings" and " the Blasphemous and Seditimis Libel Act ;" these 
are the only two, out of the Six Acts, for the repeal of which any motion has been 
made. By comparing the votes of IMembers with their Salaries, Places, Pensions, 
Connections, and Interests, some inference may be formed how far the latter may 
have inilueiiced the former. When a Member votes on a question, it is decisive of 
his opinion on that question ; when it is said a Member " did not vote," it implies 
he was either absetit or neutral, Blany Members have never voted at all during the 
last three sessions. The votes are a brief and invaluable mode of showing not only 
the opinions of Blerabers on public measures, but the zeal with which they discharge 
their parliamentary duties. Tb« votes are taken from the lists of minorities and 
majorities in the Times Newspaper and the Elector's Remembrancer. Where the 
Salaries and Emoluments are mentioned, they are taken from the Parliamentary 
Return, of last session, of Places and Offices held by Members of Parliament. This very 
important document we intend to publish entire at the end of this Key, with obser- 
vations : it contains a list of eighty-nine Members enjoying ^170,000 a ^-ear out 
of taxes paid by the People. When a Member is said to be one of the Treasury 
phalanx, it is meant he is one of those eighty-nine paid representatives of the 
People. The Key is corrected to the prorogation of Parliament, on the 16th of 
August ; and we believe, from the many recent changes, is the most correct account 
of the individuals now composing the Lower House. 

Abcrcromby, Jaines, Cable, Commissioner of Bankrupts. Two brothers in 
the Army. His mother a pension. Voted, 18'Jl, tor repeal oi Six Jets, 
for Lord J. Russell's reform, for Manchester iiuiviiry ; 1»'J2, tor repeal 
of Salt Tax, for reduction of one Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. 
Wilson, for Reform, for Civil-List incjuiry ; against young Wynn's 
Swiss mission, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of IiiHuence of the Crown. 
Did NOT VOTE, 18 21, for Mr. Lambton's Parliamentary Reform, for 
reduction of Armv, for repeal of Window lax, for Mr. Wyvill's 
motion. The Member has done himself honour by brmging up the 
Lord Advocate of Scotland and tiie Edinburgh bravos ; but we did not 
understand Mr. Abcrcromby, when, on voting lor the repeal of the Six 
Jets last year, he expressed regret that the repeal of any of these Acts 
had been moved. 'I o be sure it should be remembered, that the ho- 
nourable Member voted in the first instance for the passing of "the 
Seditious Meeting Act." 


Key to the Lower House. 

Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, Devon, Father-in-law of Wodehouse, Dean of 
Lichfield, and the Rev. T. G. Fortescue. Son-in-law of Hoare, 
banker. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Lay Lords and 
one Postmaster on second division; against Lord Altliorp's motion. 
Did not vote, 1821, for Mr. Lambtnn or Lord J. Russell's motion ou 
Reform ; for repeal oi Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; nor, 1822, for 
Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn ; for rPAJuction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. The Member is a poor creature 
generally: he is Vice-President of the Society for the Suppression of 
Vice, of which society the Irish Bishop was a member; and we are 
told he is never so pleased as when shaken by the hand by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury ; and he is oftener seen standing on the right- 
hand side of the throne next his Grace (who, mind, has 176 livings in 
his gift), frowning dissatisfaction on Lord Grey than attending his 
duties in the lower house. 
A'Court, E. H. Heijtesbury, either in the Army or Navy. His brother. 
Ambassador at Naples. His sister, wife to the Bishop of Bath and 
Wells. One of the Treasury phalanx. 
Alexander, James, Old Sariim, another of the ministerial legion. Two 

relatives in the East-Indies. Cousin of the Earl of Caledon. 
Alexander, Jonas Du Pre, Old Sarum, ditto as last-mentioned Member. 
Allen, John Hensleigh, Pembroke. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, 
for Reform ; 1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Lay Lords, 
and one Postmaster on second division, ditto Influence of the Crown ; 
against AWen Bill; for Mr. Wyvill's motion. Did not vote, 1821, 
for Mr. Lambton's Reform, for repeal oi Six Acts ; 1822, for Sir R. 
Wilson ; against young Wynn ; for reduction of Army, for repeal of 
Window Tax, for Reform 
Althorp, Viscount, Northamptonshire, eldest son of Earl Spencer. Voted 
for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of Crown, ditto one 
Postmaster and two Lay Lords, for Sir R, Wilson, for Civil-List 
inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for repeal of Salt 
Tax. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester 
inquiry, for Mr. Lambton's Reform ; 1822, for Mr. Wyvill's motion ; 
or against the Irish Tithe System. Lord Althorp on the whole is a 
tolerable tt/r/jj;' member: attends well. But we would suggest to him, 
to make no more party motions on the " State of the Country :" — it 
ivo'n't do. 
Ancram, Lord, Huntingdon, eldest son of the Marquis of Lothian. His 
father, pension. His sisters, ditto. His brothers in the Army and Navy. 
Votes with Ministers. 
Anson, Hon. George, Great Yarmouth, brother of Viscount Anson; Lieu- 
tenant of the Guards. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry; 1822, 
for reduction of Postmaster on second division, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. Did not vote, 1821, 
ioYxe\^^a\o{ Six Acts, for either motion on Reform ; 1822, for Sir R. 
Wilson, for reduction of Lay Lords, ditto the Army, ditto the Influ- 
ence of the Crown. 
Anson, Sir George, Lichfield, uncle to the above. Voted for Reform, 
for reduction of Postmaster on second division; against young Wynn. 
Did not vote, 1821, for Mr. Lambton's motion, for Manchester 
inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, for 
Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill, ditto Influence of Crown. The 


Key to the Lower House. 

Member is Major-General ; both Ansons are in the Army ; and neither 
voted for its Rt^diiction, or against tiie InHuence of the Crown. 
Antrobus, Gibbs Crawford, Aldljorough, Secretary of Legation to the 
United States of America. One of the Treasury team. Aiilborough, 
for which place the Member is returned, is a parish, which, although it 
does not contain 110 houses, sends four Members to parliament, 
undePthe names of the boroughs of Aldborough and Boroughbridge. 
The right of voting is in 64 housekeepers ; the houses belong to the 
Duke of Newcastle and ;Vlr. Lawson ; but as the majority belong to the 
Duke, he returns whom he pleases ; the returning officer is the Duke's 
bailiff. Antrobus was in America at the time of his election, and was 
allowed to prove his qualification by deputy. His brother married a 
niece of Earl Balcarras. The Newcastle family cost the nation in 
places, pensions, and offices, about ^19,000 a year;— that of Balcarras, 
in its various ramifications, upwards of ^iG.OOO a year. 
Apsley, Lord, Cirencester, eldest son of Earl Bathurst. Has a sinecure as 
Indian Commissioner. Votes against the Catholics and always with 
Arbuthnot, Charles, St. Germains, married a niece of the Earl of West- 
moreland. Has a pension as retired Ambassador, and a salary as 
Secretary of the Treasury. It is needless to mention the Member's 
votes. lie wrote, in virtue of his office, the circular to the Members 
last session, calling on them to attend more assiduously in their places, 
to support " the just and necessary Influence of the Crown," by voting 
against the abolition of useless offices. St. Germains, for which 
Arbuthnot sits, is a parish in Cornwall, upwards of 20 miles in circum- 
ference } containing more gentlemen's seats and lordships than any other 
parish in the county. That part of the parish which is emphatically 
called the borough, consists of about 50 fishermen's huts, placed near 
the church; yet, notwithstanding the right of election is in all the 
housekeepers, the exercise ol the elective franchise is limited to seven. 
The Larl of St. Germains is proprietor of the borough. The family of 
Westmoreland in its various branches receives about .£30,000 a year out 
of the taxes — that of St. Germains is so connected with the Hardwicke 
and Rutland families, the net sums it receives cannot be collected. 
This Member will receive his salary of /40U0 a year while he remains 
in office, and then he will be saddled for life on the public for J.2000 
a year pension as Ex-Ambassador, and probably a further pension as 
Archdall, Mervyn, Fcrmamighshire, Lieutenant-General and Governor 
of the Isle of Wight. Seldom attends, except to vote against his 
Catholic countrymen. 
Ashurst, W. 11. Oxfordshire, son of Sir William Ashurst, who had a 
pension out of the consolidated fund. Ministerialist, except on the 
late Queen's business. 
Astell, William, Bridgeiuatcr, a Director of the East-India Company, and a 

Treasury voter. 
Astley, Sir John D. initshirc, voted for reducing two Lords of Admiralty, 
one Postmaster General, and repeal of Salt Tax: otherwise a n>inis- 
terialist, rarely voting for reducing Estimates or Establishments. 
Attwood, Mathias, Calliiigton, his name not on any division ; though he 
has made one or two speeches on the influence of Mr. Peel's Bill, that 


Key to the Lower House. 

have excited considerable interest. When he voted, it was for Mi- 
Aubrey, Sir John, Horsham, brother to the Earl of Tankerville. His 
name not in the lists last session, except on Mr. Lennard's motion for 
an inquiry into the Civil-List Expenditure. 
Bagwell, William, Tipperary, Joint Mustermaster General, a sinecure ; 
Colonel of Militia ; a relation, Knapp, in the Irish Custom-House. His 
brother-in-law Sir Eyre Coote, a General in the Army. One of the 
Treasury phalanx. 
Balfour, John, Orkney, against Lord Althorp's motion ; for the Joint Post- 
master General. 
Bankes, Henry and George, Corfe Castle, these are father and son. The 
papa elects himself and son to represent their contemptible cottages. 
The elder Bankes is father-in-law to Lord Falmouth. A son (a Divine) 
married a daughter of Lord Eldon. The Chancellor, on the morning 
of the marriage, presented Mr. Bankes with a living of ^400 a year ; 
and gave his daughter a portion of ,£30,000. Both the Members 
vote with Ministers; except the questions on the Lay Lords of the 
Admiralty, and the Postmaster General. Senior Bankes is a proper 
humbug. Young Bankes moved the Address in the Commons on 
opening the Session of 1821. It is due to the elder Bankes, to observe, 
that he demurred to Mr. Robinson's doctrine, that useless places 
are necessary to support the monarchy. He thought the Crown 
should only possess legitimate influence. 
Baiilie, John, Heydon, lately returned from India. Did not vote against 
the Influence of the Crown, nor for Parliamentary Reform. Voted 
against Lord Althorp's motion. Votes sometimes for Reduction; 
generally with Ministers. 
Barham, Joseph Foster and John F. jun. Stockhridge, senior Barham is 
brother-in-law to the Earl of Thanet; and returns himself and son 
for this sink of bribery. Neither Member voted for Parliamentary 
Reform. Both Barhams voted for Mr. Brougham's motion. Idle 
fellows; — rarely voting on any question. — N. B. The elder Barham has 
just accepted the Chiltern Hundreds, and returned Mr. Stanley. 
Baring, Sir Thomas, Wycomb. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction 
of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for Reform, for Civil- 
List inquiry. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Man- 
chester inquiry, for either motion on Reform ; 1822, for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown; against Alien Bill. 
Baring, Alexander, Taunton, voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's Reform ; 
1822, for reduction of Influence of the Crown. Did not vote, 1821, 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry. 
Baring, Henry, Colchester. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's Reform, 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Civil-List 
inquiry ; against young Wyiin, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of Influ- 
ence of the Crown. Did not vote, 1822, for reduction of Post- 
master, Lay Lords, or the Army, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt 
or Window Tax, for Reform ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. — The 
three last mentioned Members are the sons of the late Sir Francis Baring, 
the Loan-Contractor. Alexander Baring is a shrewd man, and the cock 
of the funded and paper interest in the Collective Wisdom. He 
rarely attended last session ; engaged too much we suppose in 
the building of Scrip-Hall. Last year he voted against the repeal of 



Key to the. Lower House. 

Malt Tax ; and rated Gooch, Davenport, Gipps, and the other country 
gentlemen, in grand style on their selfishness and inconsistency in op- 
posing a tax affecting their particular interests; while tiiey never once 
voted for Retrenchment, and supported all the extravagant estimates of 
Ministers. — See Speech, June 14, 1821. 
Barnard, Lord, Tregnny, eldest son of the Earl of Darlington. Voted 
for Parliamentary Reform ; is a Lieutenant in the Life-Guards ; and 
did 7iot vote against the Influence of the Croivn. 
Barne, M. Col. Dunxvicli, returns himself iox i\\\% famous city. Lord 
Huntingfieid appoints his colleague. The Member has a sinecure 
in tiie Exchequer, and is Commissioner of Customs, Votes with the 
Treasur?/ team. 
Barrett, S. M. Richmond, a good Member; one of Mr. Hume's Macedo- 
nian phalanx. 
Barry, Maxwell, Cavan, a Lord of the Treasury. Son of the late Bishop 
of Meatli, i)rother-in-law of the Earl of Mountnorris, and nephew and 
heir apparent of the Earl of Farnham. His brother has two church 
livings. It is needless to mention the Member's votes. With the 
exception of about half a dozen, the Irish Meuibers constantly vote 
with the Treasury; against the Catholics, the repeal of Taxes, and 
the reduction of Estimates and Establishments. 
Bastard, Edward P. Devon, generally an absentee. Voted, 1821, against 
Reform, ditto Lord Althorp's motion; for the Alien Bill ; rarely for re- 
duction of any kind, except the Lay Lords and the Postmaster-General. 
It is lamentable to think that Devon has no better representatives than 
this man and Sir T. Acland. 
Bastard, John, Dartmouth, brother to the above, and Captain in the Navy. 
Both the last Members voted for third reading of the Alien Bill, 
and against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Bathurst, Charles, Harzvich, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Brother- 
in-law of Viscount Sidmouth. The Member is one of the 89 Treasury 
phalanx. Harwich is a Treasury borough, having ;J2 electors, who 
witii their families have long been saddled upon the public. The 
Bathurst familv cost the nation about ^18,000 a year ; — the Sidmouth, 
above ^'17,000 a year. 
Bathurst, Seymour Thomas, St. Ger??jaf;i*, son of Earl Bathurst. Lieutenant 
in the Grenadier Guards. Votes with the Treasury; against the 
Catholics. The emoluments of the Bathurst family may be thus 
stated : 

Earl Bathurst, Secretary for the Colonies £6000 

Ditto sinecure Teller of the Exchequer . . 2750 

Ditto .Toiiit Clerk of the Crown 1600 

Ditto Clerk of Dispensations 473 

Ditto India Commissioner 1500 

His son, Lord Apsiey, Joint Clerk of the Crown, . , . 1600 
Second son, a Deputy Teller and first Clerk to the 

Treasury 3000 

Ditto India Commissioner 1500 


Beauchamp, Viscount, Antrimxhire, eldest son of the Marquis of Hert- 


Key to the Lower House. 

Beaumont, T. Wentworth, Northumberland. Voted for reduction of Post- 
master and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for Reform, for repeal of 
Salt Tax ; against young Wynn; for Mr. Wyvill's motion. Did not 
VOTE, 1821, for either motion on Reform, for Manchester inquiry; 
1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for repeal 
of Window Tax. 

Beecher, W. W. Mallow, votes for Reform, repeal of Taxes, and the 

Bective, Earl of, Meath, a Lord of the Bedchamber ; son of the Marquis 
Headfort, and brother-in-law of Lord Althorp. Votes for the Catho- 
lics ; otherwise with the Treasury. 

Belfiist, Earl of, Belfast, an officer of Dragoons. Never attends the 
Collective Wisdom. 

Belgrave, Lord, Chester, eldest son of Earl Grosvenor, and son-in-law of 
the Marquis of Stafford. Voted for the late Queen ; for the Catho- 
lics, and once for Reduction. No trace of attendance last session, 

Benett, John, Wiltshire, voted for Mr. Wyvill's motion; for Lord J, 
Russell's ; against the Irish Tithe System. Did not vote for Mr. 
Brougham's motion ; nor for the reduction of 10,000 men in the Army. 

Bennett, Henry Grey, Shrewsbury, a very good Member. Married a 
niece of the Duke of Bedford. Always at his post. Supports Mr. 
Hume nobly. Tells the Collective Wisdom home truths. Calls for 
useful papers and documents. Shames the rogues. A most useful 
man. Great, honourable, and useful as the labours of Mr. Hume 
have been, it may be doubted whether all his exertions can be put in 
competition with the single act of Mr. Bennett in obtaining an accurate 
return of the Salaries, Offices, and Emoluments of the honourable 

Bent, John, 'Fatness, a West-India planter; and thick and thin Ministerialist, 

Bentinck, Lord William H. C. Nottinghamshire, brother to the Duke of 
Portland. Holds two Commissions in the Army. Envoy to Sicily, 
and Clerk of the Pipe. Voted, 1821, for the late Queen, for the Ca- 
tholics, for repeal of Malt Tax, for Mr. Brougham's motion on Droits 
of Admiralty, for both motions on Reform ; 1822, for Lord J. Russell's 
motion ; against young Wynn's mission ; for Civil-List inquiry ; for 
Reform; for reduction of Influence of the Crown ; 1821, for repeal of 
Six Acts ; for Manchester inquiry, for reduction of Lay Lords ; ditto the 
Army ; against Alien Bill. 

Bentinck, Lord Frederick Cavendish, Weobly, youngest brother of the 
Duke of Portland. A Major-General and Lieutenant-Colonel of Foot 
Guards. Votes against the Catholics. Always for Ministers. 

Benyon, Benjamin, Stafford. It is enough to say of this Member, he is one 
of Mr. Hume's body guard. 

Beresford, Sir John Poer, Coleraine, brother to the Marquis of Waterford ; 
Rear-Admiral of the Blue. 

Beresford, Lord George Thomas, Waterford, Major-General and Comptroller 
of the King's Household. Second brother of the Marquis of Waterford. 
It would require a volume to enumerate the places and appointments of 
the Beresfords in the Army, Navy, and the Church. These and their 
connexions are supposed to fill onef'ourth of all places in Ireland. 
There is nothing too high or too low for their grasp : — they hold three 
or four mitres ; and in the list of Places are down as wine-tasters, purse- 
bearers, packers, ^c. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Bernal, Ralph, Rochester, a Banister, and son of a West-India planter. 
In the last and two preceding sessions we cannot find one question, 
whether on the Lottery, the Alien Bill, the Tithe System, the Catholics, 
Reform or Economy, which this exemplary and patriotic Member did 
not support. 

Bernard, Thomas, King's County, a relation of the Ponsonbys. No trace 
of attendance in the last or preceding sessions. 

Bernard, Viscount, Bandon-Bridge, son of the Earl of Bandon, and son-in- 
law of the Archbishop of Cashel. An Anti-catholic : votes with the 

Binning, Lord, Rochester, Commissioner for the affairs of India. Votes for 
the Catholics; otherwise with the Treasury. 

Birch, Joseph, Nottingham, a Liverpool Merchant. Voted, 1821, for 
repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for 
reduction of Lay Lords and Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto Influence 
of the Crown, for Wyvill's motion, Mr. Creevy's ditto on the India 
Board. Attends well. 

iMackburne, John, Lancaster, one of the Lancashire Magistrates. It is 
needless to specify votes. 

Blair, James, Alderbargh, votes with the Treasury. 

Blair, James Hunter, IVigtonshire, Ditto. — Dead. 

Blake, Robert, Arundel, an Attorney. Votes with the Treasury. 

Blake, Sir Francis, Berzvick, banker at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Voted for 
both motions on Reform, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction 
in the Army, ditto one Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry. Did not 
VOTE, 182 1, for repeal of Six Acts; 1822, for Reform, for reduction 
of Lay Lords, ditto influence of the Crown ; against Alien Bill, ditto 
young VV'ynn ; for repeal of Window or Salt Tax. 

Boughey, Sir John F. F. Stalfordsh/rc, has a brother-in-law with two 
livings in the churcli, and another with one. Voted, 1821, for repeal 
of Six Acts, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for Reform, for repeal 
of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry. Did not vote, 1821, for Man- 
chester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster 
and Lay Lords, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; 
against Alien Bill, for Sir R. Wilson. 

Boughton, Sir William E. Evesham, voted for Reductions, for Parlia- 
mentary Reform and Retrenchment. 

Bourne, William Sturges, Christchurch, a Barrister and India Commis- 
sioner. Late Secretary of the Treasury. Chairman of the Hampshire 
Quarter Sessions. Said to be nearly as coarse in manner as Holme 
Sumner, and the curse of parish officers. He is a disciple of the 
" Heaven-born Minister." 

Bouverie, Bartholomew, Doivnton, half-brotlier to the Earl of Radnor. 
Votes with the Treasury. 

Bradshaw, Robert H. Bruckley, a relation Surveyor-General of Revenues 
in America. Another Commissioner of Tax-Office. Votes with 
Ministers; never for Reduction or repeal of Taxes. 
Brandling, C. J. Northumberland, a relation with two livings in the Church. 
A tliick and thin Ministerialist. 

Brecknock, Karl of, Ludgcrshall, eldest son of Martjuis Camden. Always 
with Ministers. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Bridges, George, London, late Lord Mayor of the City. We do not find 
his name on any division last session. When he votes, it is with 
Ministers. Against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Bright, H. Bristol, a West-India Merchant. Voted for Retrenchment, 
for Wyvill's motion, for reduction of 10,000 men in the Army. Did 
not vote for Parliamentary Reform, nor for the Catholics. 

Brinckman, Theo. H. L. Yarmouth, I. W. A new Member. 

Brogden, James, Launceston, chairman of the Committee of the House of 
Commons. Votes against Catholic Emancipation. 

Brougham, Henry, Winchelsea, a Barrister and Sergeant at Arms in the 
Exchequer, (sinecure.) There is little doubt that Mr. Brougham is 
attached to the.THiNc; but, notwithstanding this, and the uncertainty of 
his political creed, he is a valuable Member. His attendance has been 
indefatigable last session ; he voted almost on every question, and always 
on the right side. His speech on the State of the Country was able ; 
that on the Influence of the Crown still better. In the last, it is a 
little strange, he did not advert to the augmentation of the Peerage. 
The ennobling of time-serving lawyers, slave dealers, city merchants, 
and nabobs, has tended as greatly to augment the power of the Crown 
as the increase of the revenue, and the vexatious mode of its collection. 
However, he made out a powerful case. It was plain that the majority 
in Parliament had always voted with those who had the disposal of the 
Loaves and Fishes ; no matter whether it was a Pitt, Addington, Fox, 
or a Grenville. On other occasions he has rendered valuable service. 
His exposure of Croker's impertinence on Mr. Hume's supposed 
blunder on the Navy Estimates, his chastisement of the "Thunderer" 
for his attack on Mr. Bennett for exposing the Grenvilles, was very 
seasonable. Nothing could be better than the ridicule of the Water- 
loo Pension-Bill, or more effective than the exposure of the shameless in- 
consistency of the Parliament ; who voted that a pound-note and a shilling 
were equal to a guinea, when the latter was publicly selling for twenty- 
seven shillings. In short, Mr. B. is a very useful man. He has many 
sins to answer for no doubt. There was a great deal of tampering in the 
Queen's business, before he threw away the scabbard in her defence. 
His plan of public education was highly objectionable: by vesting the 
instruction of the People in the established clergy, he would have per- 
petuated the system and all its abuses for ever. He has sometimes 
indulged, too, in very fulsome panegyrics on the King, Lord Liverpool, 
and even the Lord Chancellor ; this was very suspicious, to say no 
worse of it. Two or three years ago he launched into vehement 
declamations on the tendency of seditious and blasphemous writings ; 
thereby opening the way for the Six Acts. We hope he has repented 
of these follies : — let him be steady and cool, and keep as much as 
possible in a straight line. There is a sharp look out now at the 
conduct of public men, and any obliquity is sure to be detected and 
exposed. His able exposure of the robbery of Public Charities and of 
the Admiralty Droits will long be remembered. To conclude, we 
think the Member a fair public character ; — most public men have 
only o?ie object in view— themselves. Mr. Brougham hasiwo; — 
he wishes, first, to serve himself ; secondly, the country. 
Browne, Dominick, Mayo, father-in-law to Lord Dillon, who is a Colonel 
in the Army, and whose uncle is also a Colonel in the Army. The 


Key to the Lower House. 

Member voted for Catholic Emancipation, for the Queen; against the 
Lay Lords of the Admiralty. Never for repeal of Taxes. 

Browne, James, Mayn, cousin to the Marquis of Sligo. Votes with the 
Treasury. Never for any Reductions or Repeal of Taxes. The 
Member said, on the 23d January, 1821, just after the trial of the 
Queen : " As to Ministers, he for one must approve of their conduct 
on trying emergencies ; he saw in them no deficiencies of virtue or 
wisdom." How strong is tlie faith of some men. 

Brown, Peter, Rye, another cousin of the Marquis of Sligo. Votes with the 

Browne, Hon. Dennis, Kilkenny, uncle to the Marquis of Sligo. Voted 
for the (Catholics ; against the Irish Tithe System ; against Lord 
Althorpe's motion. 

Brownlow, Charles, Armagh, related to the Earl of Gosford. Always votes 
with the Treasury. 

Bruce, R. Clack manamshire, voted for reduction of the Lay Lords ; 
against Lord Althorp's motion, against Catholic Emancipation. 
Never for repeal of Taxes. The Bruces have numerous places, 
sinecures, and pensions. 

Brudenell, Lord, Marlborough, eldest son of the Earl of Cardigan. Always 
with Ministers. 

Bruen, H. Carloiv, Colonel of the Militia. When he attends, votes witli 
the Treasury. 

Buchanan, John, Dumbartonshire, always votes with the Treasury. The 
Member, in 18','1, voted for repeal of Malt Tax, on first division ; on 
the second division, against it. 

Burdett, Sir Francis, IVestminster, a son an officer in the tenth Dragoons, 
of which the brother of the late Marquis of Londonderry is colonel. 
Voted, 1821, for repeal oi Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, for Lord 
J. Russell's reform; \%22, for reduction of one Postmaster, for Sir R. 
Wilson, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn ; for 
repeal of Window I'ax, for reduction of India Commissioners. Did 
NOT VOTE, 1821, for Mr. Lambton's motion on Reform; 1822, for 
reduction of Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Catholic Peers' 
Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System ; for the abolition of ihe Lottery, for 
reduction of Armv, ditto Inlluence of llie Crown, On the v-hole, the 
Baronet has beenratlier efl'ective last session. His speech on Mr. 
Western's motion on Peel's Bill, was the best we have rear) ; and 
surprised us the more, because it does not appear he had previously 
paid much attention to such sul)jects. His bringing forward Mr. 
Hunt's case, the rebuke of Colonel Trench, and his able strictures 
on Standing Armies, and Parliamentary privilege, may be reckoned 
among his services this year. We wish the Baronet would be more 
liberal in his support of Mr. Hume. His name is a tower of strength, 
and his character never stood higher than at this moment; — why not 
let the Meml)er for Aberdeen have the benefit of them?— Retrench- 
ment and Reform are convertii)le terms; \\hatever tends to one must 
lead to the other. 

Burgh, Sir Ulvsses, Carloiv, Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, and Captam 
in the Grienadier Guards. Surveyor-General ot tlic Ordnance. Always 
with the Ministers. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Burrell, Sir C. M. Shoreham, son-in-law of the Earl of Egreniont, a relation 
has a pension. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for 
reduction of Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against young Wynti, 
ditto the Catholic Peers' Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester 
inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts, for Mr. Lambton's reform; 1822, for 
Reform, for Civil-List inquiry, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence 
of the Crown ; against Alien Bill. 

Burrell, W. Sussex, brother to the Member for Shoreham, and of course 
similarly related. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction 
of Lay Lords. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for 
repeal of Six Acts, for Mr. Lambton's motion ; nor, 1822, for Reform, 
for Civil-List inquiry, for reduction of Army, ditto Lifluence of the 
Crown ; against Alien Bill, ditto the Swiss mission. The Member 
belongs to that class whose votes are regulated entirely by a regard 
to their own interest. Last year Mr. Burrell voted against the Ca- 
tholics ; against the late Queen ; for the grant of ^18,000 to the Duke 
of Clarence ; not once for Retrenchment ; — but voted for repeal of 
Malt Tax and Husbandry Horse Tax, which affected the agricultural 
class to which he belongs. 

Bury, Viscount, Arundel, Captain in the Navy, and eldest son of the Earl 
of Albemarle. Voted, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester 
inquiry, for Mr. Lambton's motion ; 1822, for Reductions, for Civil- 
List inquiry, for Sir R. Wilson ; against Alien Bill, for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. Did not vote, for Lord J. 
Russell's reform ; against young Wynn; for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 

Butler, Clarke C. H. Kilkenny shire, brother of the Earl of Ormond and 
Ossory. We believe this Member has never attended during the three 

Butterworth, Joseph, Dover, Bookseller and President of the Methodist 
Conferences. He is one of the Saints. Last year Mr. Butterworth 
did not vote for censure of Ministers for proceedings against the 
late Queen, for Reductions, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six 
Acts, for Reform, nor repeal of any Taxes. Voted this year for 
Lord Althorp's motion, for the Civil-List inquiry ; did not vote for 
Parliamentary Reform, for reduction of Army, nor against Influence of 
the Crown. 

Buxton, John Jacob, Great Bedzvin, votes against the Catholics. Never 
for repeal of Taxes, nor reduction of Estimates and Establishments. 
The Member is son of Sir Robert Buxton, and cousin of Sir Thomas 
Beevor; has two relations in the Army, and an uncle, with three 
livings in the Church. 

Buxton, Thomas F. IVeymouth, a brewer of the firm of Hanbury and 
Buxton. Voted for Reductions, for repeal of Taxes, and for Parlia- 
mentary Reform. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for Mr. 
Lambton's motion; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, for Civil-List 
inquiry ; against Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of 
the Crown. 

Byng, George, A/zdd/e,ser, cousin of Viscount Torrington. Voted, 1821, 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto one Postmaster; against 
Alien Bill; for Civil-List inquiry, for Reform, for repeal of Window 
Tax. Did not vote, 1821, for either motion on Reform ; 1822, for 


A'ey to the Lower House. 

reduction of Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilsou, for repeal of Salt Tax ; 
against the Catliolic Peers' Bill. 

Calcraft, John, IVareham. Voted, 1821, for both motions on Reform, for 
repeal of ^u- Acts, for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for reduction of 
Postmaster and Lay Lords, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List 
inquiry, for Reform. Did not vote for reduction of Armv, nor 
against young Wynn. Mr. Calcraft, is a wary oppositionist. 
He voted for ^18,000 to the Duke of Clarence, and was slow in 
pressing the repeal of Salt Tax. He has a brother Comptroller in 
Bengal. A brother and cousin. Lieutenant and Major-Generals in the 
Army. A relation, Major-General in India. The Member is a late 
Clerk of the Ordnance. 

Calcraft, J. H. IVareham, son of the preceding. Generally an oisen^ee ; 
except on Mr. Brougham's motion, we find no other vote of J. H. 

Calvert, Nicholson, Hertford, brother-in-law to Lord Northland. Neither 
voted for Mr. Brougham's motion, nor Lord J. Russell's .motion ; 
generally for Reductions and Retrenchment. Attends indifferently, 
and apparently with a penchant to the Treasury. 

Calvert, John, Huntingdon, Secretary to the Lord Chamberlain, and brother 
to Sir Henry Calvert, Adjutant-General of the Forces. Lieutenant- 
General of the Army, and Colonel of a regiment of foot. Calvert is 
one of the Treasury phalanx. The borough for which he sits is one of 
the most slavish and rotten in the kingdom ; tiie number of electors is 
about 200, all of whom have been well rewarded by a profuse distri- 
bution of promotions in the Army, Navy, Post, and other government 
ofifices. Lately the corporation attempted to purchase the franchises of 
the electors, with some lands left in trust for charitable uses. 

Calvert, Charles, Southwark, brother to the Member for Hertford; a 
brewer and a banker. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of 
Six Acts; 1822, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill, 
ditto young Wynn ; for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for repeal 
of Window Tax. Attends well, and votes on the right side ; though 
we do not find his name for the reduction of the Army, nor for Mr. 
Wyvill's motion. 

Calthorpe, Hon. Frederick Gough, Hindon, relation to Mr. Wilberforce. 
Voted for the Catholics ; against the Queen, against Lord Althorpe's 
motion ; never for repeal of Taxes or Reductions. 

Campbell, Archibald, Glasgow, Lord of Sessions, and Commissary of 
Edinburgh. Son of Sir Henry Campbell. Has a brother John, 
Receiver-General of Customs in North Britain; and a brother James, 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the East-India Company's service. Voted for 
the Irish Tithe System, for the Double Postmaster ; against the Ca- 
' tholics. Always with the Treasury. 

Campbell, W. F. Argylc, nephew of the Duke of Argyle. No trace of 
attendance in this Parliament. 

Campbell, Hon. G. P. Cromartie and Nairne, son of Lord Cawdor. 
— Absentee. 

Canning, George, Liverpool, a relation of the Duke of Portland. Governor- 
General of India, and Receiver-General of the Alienation Office. 
His mother and sisters, the Hunns, have pensions. Stratford Canning, 
a relation, is a Foreign Minister. Another Canning, editor of the 
Dungannon gazette, has a pension. His cousin, John O'Dogherty, a 



Key to the Lower House. 

Commissioner of Inquiry into the emoluments of Courts of Justice in 
Ireland. His cousin, Hugh O'Dngherty, Cornet of Horse. — ^The 
name of the Member is enough, without any specification of votes. 
He is a conuptionist in principle, and nothing exemplifies the system so 
well as his success in life. What must be the character of the Legisla- 
ture whose councils can be guided by the. tinsel eloquence, and 
specious sophistry of the Member for Liverpool? — What must be the 
character of the Government, that can place 60 millions of human 
beings at the mercy of a joker, a notorious jobber of all public works, 
and a professed co'ntemner of principle and patriotism? — We repeat, 
that nothing better illustrates the system, than sending the Marquis 
Wellesley to compose the troubles of Ireland, and George Canning to 
govern Hindostan. 

Carew, Robert S. ffexford, nephew of Sir John Newport. Voted for 
Reductions, for repeal of Taxes, for Reform of Parliament. 

Carter, John, Portsmouth, a public brewer. Voted for Reductions, for 
Parliamentary Reform, for Catholics, for Mr. Brougham's motion. 

Cartwright, William R. korthumptonshire, brother-in-iaw of Viscount 
Chetwynd, who is first Clerk of Council; nephew, Henry Goulbourn, 
Under-Secretary of State; a niece the wife of Lord Robert Seymour, 
uncle to the Marquis of Hertford. The Member votes with the 

Cavendish, Lord George, Derbyshire, uncle to the Duke of Devonshire, 
Voted for Catholics, for Parliamentary Reform ; against Influence of 
the Crown, against the India Commissioners; for repeal of Salt Tax._ 

Cavendish, Henry F. C. Derbij, son of the above Lord George. A Major 
of Dragoons. Voted against the Window Tax, against the Salt Tax ; 
for Parliamentary Reform 

Cavendish, Charles C. Neivtnjt, for Parliamentary Reform ; against Double 
Postmaster General; for Lord Althorp's motion. Never for repeal of 

Caulfield, Hon. H. Armagh, brother to the Earl of Charlcmont, and son- 
in-law to Dodwell Brown. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax. Did not 
vote for Parliamentary Reform, nor for Mr. Brougham's motion. 

Cawthorne, J. F. Lancaster, voted against the Queen, against the Ca- 
tholics ; never for repeal of Taxes, or for Reductions. 

Cecil, Lord, Stamford, brother of the Marquis of Exeter. A Cornet in 
the Dragoons. Never for repeal of Taxes, Reform, or Retrenchment. 

Chaloner, Robert, York, brother-in-law of Lord Dundas, and a banker at 
York. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, 
for repeal of Salt Tax, for Parliamentary Reform. Did not vote 
against young Wynn's Swiss mission, nor for the motion of Mr. 
Brougham. Attends indifferently. 

Chamberlayne, William, Southampton, son of a late Solicitor of the Trea- 
sury ; one sister, wife of Joseph, a pension ; another sister, we believe, 
a pension. Voted for Lord J. Russell's motion. Attends ill, and 
never for repeal of Taxes or Reductions. 

Chandos, Marquis, Bucks, eldest son of the Duke of Buckingham. Against 
the repeal of Taxes or Reductions. 

Chaplain, Charles, Lincolnshire, cousin of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Voted against the Catholics ; never for Reform, repeal of Taxes, or 



Key to the Lower House. 

Cheere, CM, Cambridge, against the Catholics; never for repeal of Taxes, 
or Reductions. 

Cherry, G, H. Dunzvich, lately from the East-Indies. Votes with the 

Chetwynd, G. Stafford, son of Sir George, who is second Clerk of Council. 
Voted for repeal of Salt Tax ; against the Double Postmaster General ; 
for the reduction of the Lay Lords. Did not vote for Parliamentnry 
Keform, for reduction of Army, for Mr. Brougham's motion. 

Chichester, Arthur, Carrickfergus, nephew of the Marquis of Donegal, 
Cornet of Dragoons. Never for repeal of Taxes, for Reform, or Re- 

Childe, W. L. IVenlock-, voted against the Queen, against Catholic Eman- 
cipation ; never for repeal of Taxes or Reductions. 

Cholmeley, Sir Montague, Grantham, a brother a church living. Against 
the Catholics, against the Queen, against repeal of Malt Tax, and 
against Lord AUhorp's motion. 

Cholmondeley, Lord Henry, Castle Rising, second son of the Marquis 
Cholmondeley. Votes with Ministers. 

Claughton, Thomas, Neivton, an Attorney. Against Lord Althorp's 
motion ; 1822, against Catholics, and for repeal of Malt Tax and Hus- 
bandry Horse Tax ; never for Reform, Reductions, or Retrenchment. 

Clerk, Sir George, Edinburghshire, a relation of Viscount Melville. A 
Lord of Admiralty. Voted against the Catholics. One of the Treasury 
phalanx of eighty-nine. The right of election for the county of Edin- 
burgh, is in 34 persons only. 

Clements, Hon. J. N. Leitrim, Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, and 
Captain in the 18th Dragoons. Votes with the Treasury; against the 

Clifton, Lord, Canterbury, son of the Earl of Darnley. Votes very well 
for a Lord: in favour of Reform and Reductions. 

Clinton, Sir William Henry, Newark, Lieutenant-General in the Army, 
Colonel of a regiment of Foot, and son-in-law of the Earl of Sheffield. 
Voles against the Catholics ; never for Reductions or repeal of U'axes. 

Clive, Lord, Ludloiv, eldest son of Earl Powis, and son-in-law of the 
Duke of Montrose. Votes with Ministers. 

Clive, Robert H. Ludloiv, brother to the last-mentioned Member, and 
brother-in-law to the Earl of Plymouth ; Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Army, and Major of a foot Regiment. Votes against the Catholics, and 
with the Treasury. 

Clive, Henry, Montgomery, nephew of Earl Powis ; Under-Secretary 
of State, and one of the Sixty Placemen who voted for the Salt 

Cockburn, Sir George, IVeobly, •jl'LotA of Ihe Admiralty ; late keeper of 
Napoleon. A brother, James Cockburn, Paymaster of the Marines. 
There is a Mr. Archibald Cockburn, nine Miss Cockburns, and Dame 
Oockburn, on the Pension-List. The Member is one of the phalanx 
of Placemen who voted for the Salt Tax. His name not in the division 
for Catholic Emancipation. 

Cockerell, Sir Charles, Evesham, a banker ; brother-in-law of Lord North- 
land ; a relation a Factor at Bengal. Always with Ministei-s. 

Cocks, James Someis, Ryegate, votes for Catholics. 

ColTin, Sir Isaac, llchcstcr, an Admiral in the Navy ; his brother and 


Key to the Lower House. 

brother-in-law hold places in the Colonies. For Parliamentary 
Reform, for reduction of the Army, for Mr. Wyvill's motion, for the 
reduction of the India Commissioners, for repeal of Salt Tax. Did 
not vote for Mr. Brougham's motion. The worst vote of this Member 
was for the grant of ^18,000 to the Duke of Clarence. 

Coke, Thomas William, Norfolk, son-in-law of the Earl of Albemarle. This 
patriotic Member has been rather remiss in attendance last session ; ex- 
cept on Lord J. Russell's and Mr. Brougham's motions, we do not meet 
his name on any other division. Mr. Coke has the rare merit of 
being a Whig, without being a partizan. 

Coke, Thomas W. jun. Derby, his name not on any division, except for 
inquiry into the Civil-List Expenditure. 

Colburne, Nicholas W. R. Thetford, son-in-law of Thomas Steel the King's 
Remembrancer, a sinecure; brother to Sir Matthew W. Ridley, 
member for Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Voted for Parliamentary Reform; 
against the Influence of the Crown, against young Wynn, against the 
India Commissioners, against the Irish Tithe system. 

Cole, Sir Galbraith Lowry, Fennanaghshire, Governor of Gravesend and 
Tilbury ; Colonel of a regiment of Foot ; son-in-law of the Earl of 
Malnisbury, and brother to the Earl of Enniskillen. Votes always for 
Ministers ; against the Catholics. 

Cole, Sir C. Glamorganshire, Captain in the Navy. Voted for reduction 
of Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of one Postmaster ; 
against Catholic Peers' Bill, against Irish Tithe System. 

Collett, Ebenezer John, Cashel, a Hop-Merchant in Southwark. Voted with 
Ministers in 1821; no trace of attendance in 1822. 

Colthurst, Sir Nicholas C. Cork, Colonel of Militia. In 1821, voted for 
Catholics; never for repeal of Taxes; in 1822, absentee. 

Concannon, Lucius, IVinchelsea, a Poet. Voted for repeal of Six Acts, 
for reduction in the Army, for Parliamentary Reform, for repeal of 
Salt Tax; against the Alien Bill. Did not vote against the Influence 
of the Crown. 

Congreve, Sir William, Plymouth, Equerry to the King ; Comptroller of 
the royal Laboratory, and Superintendant of military Machines. 
Has a brother, Major in the Army ; a brother-in-law. Colonel of Aitil- 
lery. Emoluments, ^2401, per annum. Votes against the Catholics ; 
always with the Treasury. Plymouth has OOOO inhabitants and 200 

Cooper, Robert Ponsonby, Gloucester. Did not vote for Manchester in- 
quiry, for Lord J. Russell's motion, for repeal of Six Acts, for reduction 
of Lay Lords, for reduction of Army, for reduction of Influence of 
the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax, nor against Alien Bill. lu 
1821, voted against Reform and against the Catholics. 

Cooper, Edward Synge, Sligo, a barrister, and relations with pensions, 
places, and sinecures. Votes always with Ministers, except that he 
supported reduction of Lay Lords of Admiralty. 

Coote, Sir Charles H. 2ueen's County, always for Ministers, except for 
reduction of one Postmaster. 

Copley, Sir John Singleton, Ashburton, Solicitor-General and a King's 
Sergeant-at-law. The Member is said to be troubled with compunc- 
tious visitings, for doing what he ought not to have done ; but how 
/"oolisb to talk about a Inxoyer's conscience. He voted against llie 


Key to the Lower House. 

Catholic Peers' Bill. Ashburton is a rotten Devonshire borough, the 
property of Lord Clinton and Sir Lawrence Palk: the number of 
electors, although nominally '^00, are in fact only tiao. 

Corbett, Panton, Shreivshurij, did not vote for Uetorm, for repeal of Taxes, 
for reduction of Influence of the Crown; against the Catholics; for 
reduction of Postmaster, and Lay Lords of Admiralty. 

Cottereli, Sir J. G. Herefordshire,' (\'k\ nut support any motions for Eco- 
nomy, Reductions, or Parliamentary Reform. 

Courtenay, Thomas Peregrine, Tot/iess. — Tliis is the family man alluded to 
by Canning, as a proper object to sliare in the good things of the 
Treasury. The proverb says, though often wronglv, when God sends 
children, he sends the means to maintain them: and such seems to be 
the lot of this Member. Courtenav is endowed as follows : — Secretary 
to the East-India Board (Pari. Report) ^2200; Agent to the Cape of 
Good Hope (Pari. Paper, No. 377,) XfiOO; Principal Registrar to the 
Land Tax, salary unknoivn. Tlie Cape Agency, though put dcwn at 
j^600, is supposed' to nett/'4000 a year in all. He has also four relations, 
three of them are sisters, who have ^£900 in pensions. He is returned 
to parliament by 3G electors of a rotten Devonshire borough. The pro- 
gressive rise of his salary, as Secretary, was humourously described by 
Mr. Brougham last session ; we will insert the description, requesting the 
reader to notice tiie " laughter and cheers" with which "theGuardians 
of the Public Purse" received the narrative of C.'s advances into the 
pockets of the people, apparently considering it an excellent joke. 

" But tliere was aiiotlicr iiisiance of augmenlatioii in llie year 1817, which was 
leally worth the atleiition of the house : it was liie Salary of the Secretary of the 
Board otCoiitroul. Thi- original salary attached to tlial siiuaiioii was^ l.iOUayear. 
It was thought, however, that ^l.iOO a year was too liulc for an office of such 
importance, and in the year 181:5 or 1814, during the war, at all events, ^/SOO a 
year was added, niakiiiy; the salary ^^ 1800. Within two years alter, to wit, in 
the year 181.i, it was discovered that the honourable member who dignified 
the office had been no less than five years in possession of liis situation. Con- 
duct so praiseworthy could not decently go unrewarded. (Laughter.) If such 
an act did not deserve renuineralion, what did ? ( Htar, hear.) If it was not 
merit, who could hope to be meritorious? (Hear and laughter.) Five years in 
his post ! It was a signal instance of that propensity to keep place, which was 
the support of ministers, and the blessing of the country. (Much laughter.) 
' J-et his salary/ said ministers, with one voice,—' Let his salary be increased 
^'200 a yrar.' And for the honourable Secretary's religious adherence to 
office, and as an encouragement to him to persevere still further in the satne 
virtuous course, his salary from ^1800 was made ^SiOOO per annum. (£x- 
cessive laughter.) So bright a reward for meritorious conduct could scarcely 
fail to produce the best effects ; and in fact, tlie honourable Secretary continued 
two years longer in office, to evince his gratitude for the bounty which had been 
showered upon him. (Hear, hear.) What! two years more ? he must be rewarded 
again; (shouts of laughter)— or the state would go to decay for want of steady 
servants. It would be in vain to have great places of ^ 1.500 and ,£'.'000 a year, 
if th.'V did not reward fidelity like this, no one would accept them. ( Hear and 
laughter.) Accordingly, the salary was advanced ,f VOO a year more, attaining 
then — it was hard to say the ma.ximum — but attaining tlie line upon which it 
rested) ust at present." (Cheers.) 

The Member is cousin to Lord Courtenay, whom see in Peep at the 
Peers. He is reputed author of a ministerial pamphlet, published at 
the beginning of last Session ; containing, by the aid of a dexterous 


Key to the Lower House. 

suppression of some facts and artful interpolation of others, a very 
lawyer-like apology for tlie administration of his colleagues. He is 
a useful man, and worth retaining, even at a high price. 
Courtenay, William, Exeter, brother to the Member for Totness, and 
eldest son of the late Bishop of Exeter. A Master in Chancery 
(^3600 a year) and two sinecures. Voted, 1821, against repeal of 
Seditious Meeting Act and Press Restriction Bills, against inquiry 
into Manchester outrage ; in 1822, always with the Treasury, conse- 
quently against Ketrenchment, Reductions, and repeal of Taxes. 
Cranbourne, Viscount, Hertford, son of the Marquis of Salisbury, and 
relation to the Waterloo Duke and Lord Westmeath. The Member 
is India Commissioner and Colonel of Militia. 
Crawley, Samuel, Honiton, voted, in 1821, 1822, for the Ministers always, 
except that he supported reduction of one Postmaster on second 
division ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Creevey, Thomas, Appleby, it is unnecessary to specify the votes of Mr. 
Creevey ; he is one of the twenty-one /iOHe^^ Alembers alluded to 
by Lord Castlereagh. He is reputed author of two valuable pamplilels, 
the "Guide to the Electors of Great Britain" and " Remarks upon 
the last Session of Parliament." He attends ziell, and voted for every 
patriotic measure; but the best thing he did last session was on the 
motion for the reduction of the sinecure Board of Controul, in his 
keen-spirited reply to the bald jokes and impertinence of the new 
Governor General of India. 
Crespigney, Sir W. De, Southampton, has a son in the Navy ; another son 
married the daughter of Sir William Smyth, who is Colonel of 
Militia, and has one son Captain in the Navy, and another son Vicar of 
Camberwell and Chaplain in Ordinary to the King. The Member 
did not vote, in 1821, for repeal of Six Acts; in 1822, voted /o7' 
Reform, /or repeal of Salt Tax, for Reductions; against Influence of 
the Crown ; for Wy vill's motion. 
C'ripps, Joseph, Cirencester, a banker in this Borough. Voted, in 1821 and 

1822, always with the Treasury. 
Croker, John Wilson, Bodmyn, secretary to the Admiralty (^3000); ditto 
to the Widows' Charity ; a director of Greenwich Hospital. It was 
a very silly conceit of this Member last session to suppose that so 
accurate an arithmetician as Mr. Hume would have committed a 
blunder of 11 millions in a sum of 17 millions in the Navy Estimates ; 
as Mr. Brougham observed, it proved foo much. Yet it was wonderful to 
see the immense triumph of the Corruptionists at the detection of this 
fancied error ; the hirelings of the Post, the Courier, and New Times, 
absolutely screamed for joy. The public was never aware of the full 
value of the Member for Aberdeen, till witnessing this rejoicing in the 
enemy's camp at his imaginary death. 
Crompton, Samuel, Retford. Voted, in 1821, for inquiry into Manchester 
outrage, for repeal of Six Acts ; in 1822, for repeal of Salt Tax ; 
against Influence of the Crown ; for Reform and Reductions. 
Crosbie, James, KerrysJiire, cousin of the Earl of Giendore. Custos-Rotu- 

lorum and Governor of the County Kerry. Parliamentary absentee. 
Cu,*f, James, Tralee, a relation of Lord Tyrawly. Custos-Rotulorum of 
Mayo, and a Colonel in the Army. When he attends, votes with the 


Key to the Lower House. 

Cumniiiig, George, Fortrose, votes with the Treasury. 
Cunuingliam Fairlie, Sir W. Fi " 

Fairiie, Leominster, except on Lord Althorp's 
motion for repeal of Taxes, and against the Catholic Peers' Bill, we 
do not find tiie name of this Member on any division. 
Curteis, Edward J. Sussex, two relations with thiee churcli livings. Voted, 
1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Lav Lords, ditto of one 
Postmaster on second division ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Did not vote for Reform, for Civil-List Ketrenchment, for reduction 
of the Army, for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for repeal of 
Window Tax; against Alien Bill. This Member voted thick and 
thin with the Treasury, till he was afraid to do so any longer. It is 
enough to say of his Parliamentary conduct, that he is a supporter of 
the Six Acts, and the Alien Bill; the first showing his hostility to tlie 
liberties of his own country, the last, to the liberties of Europe.' 
Curtis, Sir William, London, a merchant in London. Has a brother with 
three church livings ; another brother Captain of Artillery ; another 
Registrar of the Zillah court of Sylhet in India. We do not think 
•worse of this Member than of his constituents. Sir William, too, votes 
against the Catholics, which is just as it should be. 
Curwen, John C. Cumberland, voted, in 1821, for Mr. Lambton's motion 
on Reform ; 182'2, for Mr. Wyvill's motion, which were something. 
Did not vote, in 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, nor for inquiry into Man- 
Chester outrage. 
Curzon, Hon. Robert, Clithero, uncle of Earl Howe, and son-in-law of 

Lord Zouch. Votes always with Ministers. 
Cust, Hon. William, Clithero, brother to Earl Brownlow. Votes with his 

Cust, Hon. Edward, Grantkajn, a Captain of Dragoons. Votes with last 

mentioned Member. 
Cust, Hon. Peregrine F. Honiton, a Captain in the Army on half-pay. 
When this Member attends he votes with the Treasury. There are 
two more Custs having four church livings, including a canonship of 
Windsor, and their brother-in-law, Charles Long, is Paymaster of Forces, 
with pension of <i;'l500. In the three Custs, members, all brothers of a 
Peer, in whom it is a high breach of privilege to interfere in the concerns 
of the Lower House, Ministers have three dead votes on every infamous 
Dalrymple, Adolphus John, Appleby, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Armv. 

Votes just the o|)posite of his colleague, Mr. Creevy. 
Daiy, James, Gakvayshire, Major of Galway, and a trustee of the linen 

manufacture. A Treasury man. 
Davenport, Davics, Cheshire, two relations with livings in the Church. 
Voted, 1822, for reduction of Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax ; 
aga/7!sMhe Catholic Peers' Bill Did not vote, 1821, for inquiry 
into Manchester outrage, for repeal of Six Acts; nor, 1822, for 
Reform, for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for reduction of 
Army, for repeal of Window Tax ; against Alien Bill. 
Davies, 1 homas H. IVorcester, a Colonel in the Army. \'oted, 1821, for 
repeal of Six Acts, for inquiry into Manchester outrage; 1822, for 
repeal of Salt Tax, lor Reform, tor reduction of Influence of the Crown. 
A valuable Member, and rare example of military independence. 
Davis, Richard H. Bristol, has a son in the Army; another in the Civil 


Key to the Lower House. 

Department in the Isle of France ; another married a daughter of Lord 
Dundas. The Member is returned by the influence attached to the 
patronage of the Custom-House and other officers in a sea-port ; and 
votes accordingly, 

Dawkins, Henry, Boroughhridge, a Lieutenant-Colonel in Guards, and 
relation to the Duke of Newcastle. Votes with the Treasury. 

Dawkins, James, Hastings, father or uncle of last man. Votes ditto. There 
are no fewer than six Dawkins's holding offices, or on half-pay. 

Dawson, G. R. Londonderrijshire, son-in-law of Sir Robt-rt Peel. The 
Member, in the Wilberforce manner, used to speechify one way and 
vote another ; but having obtained an office is consistent. 

Dawson, James H. M, Clonmell, a relaticii of Lord Massy. Except for 
reduction of Lay Lords, voted with Ministers. 

Deerhurst, Viscount, Worcester, eldest son of the Earl of Coventry, and 
brother-in-law of Earl Beauchamp. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax; 
against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Dennian, Thomas, Nottingham, Common Serjeant of the City of London. 
Has a neijhew Lieutenant in the Guards. We did believe this 
Member to i)e as lionest as it was possible for a lazvyer to be : we 
think it hardly possible for a lawyer — an English lawyer we mean — to 
be an honest man. The zvhole profession is a fraud, a constant trade of 
pillage of the credulous litigant, of collusion, sophistry, and evasion ; 
and we cannot conceive the practice of it compatible with an upright 
and honourable mind. There is no man more indebted to the advo- 
cacy of popular principles than Mr. Denman — he has literally rode 
into power and emolument on the backs of the people, and we were 
never more sliocked than at witnessing the return he made, on the first 
occasion, for the patronage he had received. We allude to the trial of 
Mr. Carlile's shopman at the Old Bailey. What a contrast did the 
occasion exhibit betwixt a poor unfriended man, advocating the truth, 
and the obliquities of English Judge law ! — The accused avowed the 
publication, acknowledged it contained his opinions, and he had pub- 
lished them for the benelit of society. 

" I consider," says he, " I have done my duty. The pamphlet contained my 
views and principles, and 1 published them. I have no hesitation in saying, I 
will continue to publish them in every shape that I am able." The Common 
Sergeant regretted that the Court found it absolutely called upon, in con- 
sequence OF THE DEFENCE the prisoner had read, and the expressions which 
had now fallen from him, to pass a much more severe sentence than he would have 
otherwise received. The prisoner was then sentenced to eighteen months 
IMPRISONMENT in tlic House of Correction, and at the end of that period to 
find sureties for five years, himself in ^100, and two others in o£'40 each. 
Prisoner. — ' I have a mind, my Lord, that can bear it all with fortitude.' — Tiie 
prisoner was then reir.oved from the dock." — Times, May 28. 

What a scen'e was here ! — We know nothing of law, but we may know 
something of common sense and natural justice ; and how horrible it 
appears that a man may be punished not for the crime he had com- 
mitted — for which he had been tried and found guilty, but " in 
consequence of the defence^' made by an unprotected individual, 
unassisted by council, unacquainted with legal sophistry — and which 
" defence^' simply consisted of an acknowledgement of the alleged 
crime, and conscientious avowal of truths which he thought 
essential to the "amelioration of his fellow creatures." We fain 
hoped that some attempt would be made to wipe off this stigina from 


Key to the Lower House. 

Mr. Denman's judicial character; we thought the Common 
Sergeant had acted precipitately, and some subsequent effort would 
be made at explanation ; we expected that some of those members, 
whose professions at least induce the people to look to them on such 
occasions, would have mentioned the subject in parliament ; but nothing 
of all this: — THKREFORE, we have tiiougiit it right to mention this illus- 
trative fact of what Mr. Denman appears to be— /h power. 

Dennison, William Joseph, Surrey, brother-in-law of Marquis Conyngham. 
Voted, 1821, for repeal of iSix Acts, for inquiring into Manchester 
outrage ; \&2'l, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for reduction 
of Army, for Reform, for Civil-List Inquiry, for reduction of InHuence 
of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax ; against the Alien Bill. 
Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's motion on Reform, 1821 ; against 
the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Dent, John, Poole, the notninee of Mr. Jeffery, who was an honest quaker, 
afterwards a Consul-General to Portugal, which is said to have been 
nearly as lucrative an excursion as tlie tamous embassy of Mr. Canning, 
which costs ^-f'18,000 to attend a court ivithout a king ! Tiie Member 
is a banker in London ; and, when he attends, votes with the Treasury. 
Sir Digby Dent is a Rear-Admiral. Two Miss Dents, also, pensioners. 

Dickinson, William, 'S'o/nerseis/u'rt, voted, 182'i, for reduction of Postmaster 
and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform. Did not vote, 
1821, for repsal of Six Acts, for inquiry into Manchester outrage, 
for Mr. Lambton's motion ; nor, 1S22, for reduction of Army, for 
repeal of Window Tax ; against Alien Bill, against Influence of the 

Divett, Thomas, Gatton, voted, 1821, 1822, always with the Treasury. 

Dodson, John, Rye, an Advocate in Doctors' Commons. Always with 
the Treasury , against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Domville, Sir C. Boss iney, nephew to the Earl of Belcarras. When he 
attends, votes with the Ministers. 

Don, Sir Alexander, Roxsbiirglisliire, absentee. 

Douglas, John, Minehead, voted against reduction of Postmaster; for 
reduction of Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Catholic 

Douglas, William, Dumfries, brother to the Marquis of Queensbury. 
Always for Ministers. 

Doveton, Gabriel, Lancaster, Major-General in the East-India service. 
Voted, lii22, for reduction of Postmaster and two Lay Lords. Did 
NOT VOTE for repeal of Salt Tax, for Sir R. Wilson, for Reform, for 
reduction of Army ; against Influence of the Crown. 

Dowdeswell, John E. Tewkesbury, Master in Clianceiy ; a brother Canon 
of Christ Church and a church living; an uncle one of the Supreme 
Council in India ; father a Lieutenant-General in the Army. ^'oTEs 
with the Treasury ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Downie, Robert, Inverkeitlnng, always with the Ministers ; against Catholic 

Drummond, James, Perthshire, son-in-law to the Duke of Athol. When 
he attends, voles for Ministers. 

Dugdalc, I). S. IVarxvickshire, uncle of Earl Howe. Except for reduction 
of one Postmaster, did not vote for any measure of public utility. 

Dunally, Lord, Okchnmpton, when he attended, voted for Ministers. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Duncannon, Viscount, Malton, voted, 1821, for inquiry into Mancliester 
outrage ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson ; against 
Alien Bill, against Influence of the Crown. Did not votk, in 1821, 
for Mr. Lambton's motion, for repeal of Six Acts. 

Buncombe, Charles, Neivport, I. W. always for Ministers. 

Duncombe, William, Grimsby, ditto. 

Dundas, Charles, Berkshire, cousin to Lords Dundas and Lauderdale, and 
Counsellor of State in Scotland. Voted for Reform, for reduction of 
Postmaster on second division, for inquiry into Civil-List. Did not 
VOTE for reduction of Lay Lords, for reduction of Influence of Crown, 
for reduction of Army. 

Dundas, Hon. Thomas, Richmond, brother-in-law of Lord Milton. Captain 
in the Navy. Voted, 1821, for Reform, for repeal of Six Acts, for 
inquiry into Manchester outrage ; 1822, for Reductions, for Reform, for 
one Postmaster on second division ; against Influence of the Crown ; 
for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 

Dundas, Right Hon. William, Edinburgh, cousin of Viscount Melville ; 
Governor of Chelsea Hospital. Registrar of Saisines. Did not vote 
against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Dunlop, James, Kirkcudbright, Lieutenant-General in the Ami) . Always 
for Ministers. 

Eastnor, Lord, Hereford, son-in-law of Lord Hardwicke. Voted, 1821, 
against Reform. Did not vote, 1822, for Reductions, for Reform ; 
against Intiuence of the Crown. 

Ebrington, Viscount, Tavistock, eldest son of Earl Fortescue, and son-in- 
law of the Earl of Harrowby. Voted for Reform, for reduction of 
Postmaster and Lay Lords; against Alien Bill, against Influence of the 
Crown. Did not vote for leduction of Army; nor, in J821, for 
Mr. Lambton's motion. 

Edwards, Hon. Edward H. Blechingley, eldest son of Lord Kensington. 
Three sessions have elapsed without any trace of a ^^V*^ appearance. 
What a system is that which allows a seat to be held by such a truant, 
and excludes Mr. Cobbett. 

Egerton, Wilbraham, Cheshire, relation of the Earl of Bridgewater. 
Voted, 1821, against Reform; 1822, against reduction of one 
Postmaster ; for reduction of Lay Lords. Did not vote, 1822, for 
Reform, for reduction of Army ; against Influence of the Crown, 
against Alien Bill; for inquiring into Civil-List Expenditure. 

Elliot, William, Liskeard, brother of Earl of St. Germains, brother-in-law 
of Marquis of Stafford, nephew of Earl Powis, and son-in-law of Sir 
W. A. A' Court. When he attends, votes with Ministers, 

Ellice, Edward, Coventry, brother-in-law of Earl Grey. A merchant in 
London. Voted, 1821, for inquiry into Manchester transaction, 
for both motions on Reform ; 1822, for Reductions, for Sir R. Wilson, 
for inquiry into Civil-List Expenditure ; against young Wynn. Did 
not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, nor, 1822, for reduction of 
Army, or repeal of Window Tax. 

Ellis, Charles R. Seaford, father of Lord Howard de Walden. Always with 
Ministers. Did not vote against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Ellis, Hon. George James W. A. ditto, son of Viscount Clifden. Voted, 
1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster on second division, for 
Civil-List inquiry. 



Key to the Lower House. 

Ellis, Thomas, Dublin, Master in Chancery in Ireland. Mr. Plunket 
made some severe observations on the violence and bigotry of the 
Dublin member, which we dare say were just; but lawyer Plunket 
himself is not a man to be trusted. 

Ellison, Cuthbert, Nciocastle-on-Tyne, a banker in this Town. Voted, 

1821, against Reform; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster on second 
division. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for inquiry 
into Manchester outrage; nor, 18'22, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
Reform, for inquiry into Civil- List Expenditure; against Alien liill ; 
for reduction of Army, for reduction of Iniluence of Crown, for repeal 
of Window Tax. 

Ennismore, Viscount, Corkshire. Voted, 1821, 1822, for Ministers. Did 
not vote against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Estcourt, Thomas G. Devizes, relation of Lord Sidmouth ; a brother late 
Solicitor to the Stamp-Ofiice. Voted against reduction of Postmaster, 
against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Evans, William, Retford, voted for reduction of Lay Lords, for Reform, 
for one Postmaster. Did not vote, 1821, for"^ repeal of Six Acts, 
for inquiry into Manchester outrage; nor, 1S22, for reduction of 
Army ; against Influence of the Crown ; for repeal of Window Tax. 

Evelyn, Lyndon, St. Ives, if he attended, /or Ministers always. 

Fane, John 'I'. Lyme Regis, a Major in the Army ; relation of Earls of 
Macclesfield and Westmoreland. Always for Ministers. 

Fane, Vere, ditto, related as above ; and votes the same. 

Fane, Joim, Oxfordshire, brother-in-law of the Earl of Macclesfield, and 
cousin of Earl of Westmoreland. Voted, 1821, against Reform ; for 
reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords ; against Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, for inquiry into Manchester 
outrage; nor, 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Army ; against Alien 
Bill ; for reduction of Iniluence of the Crown. 

Farquharson, Arch. Elgin, voted, 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Post- 
master on second division. Did not vote for reiluclion of Lay 
Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Alien Bill ; for reduction of 
Army ; against Influence of the Crown. 

Farrand, Robert, Fleydon, voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, for Sir R. Wilson. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six 
Acts, for Mr. Lambton's motion; nor, 1822, for reduction of Army, 
for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Influence of tlie Crow n. 

Fellowes, William H. Huntingdonshire, first cousin of the Ear! of Ports- 
mouth. Voted, 1821, against Reform; i822, for reduction of Post- 
master; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Ferguson, Sir Ronald C. Dysart, a Lieutcnanl-General in the Army. 
Voted, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for the Manchester in(juiry ; 

1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, 
for repeal of Salt Tax, for Lord J. Russell's reform, for Civil-List 
reduction, for reduction of Army ; against Alien Bill ; for repeal of 
Window Tax, for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for Mr. 
Wyvill's motion. 

Ferrars Townshend, Lord C. Taniivorth, voted for reduction of Postmaster 
and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for Civil-List 
reduction; against Alien Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of 
Si?i Acts, for Manchester inquiry, for Mr. Lambton's motion; nor. 


Key to the Loiuer House. 

1822, for reduction of Army, for reduction of Civil- List, for reduction 
of Influence of the Crown. 

Fetlierston, Sir George R. Longfordshire, against the Catholic Peers' Bill ; 
and when he attended, for Ministers. 

Fife, Earl of. Bam/shire, this Member does not appear to have voted since 
he was deprived of office as Lord of the King's Bedchamber, on 
account of his vote on the Malt Tax. He is also Lieutenant-Colonel 
of Militia, and Lord Lieutenant of County of Bamfif; and was pro- 
bably apprehensive of further reduction had he persisted in his 

Fitzgerald, Right Hon. William V. Clare, Lord of Trade and Plantations 
in Great Britain. A brother a Dean, with two other benefices ; his 
father is a bencher in the King's Inns, Dublin. The Member is 
Governor of County of Clare, and is and has been Envoy in Sweden. 
The ubiquitv of these honourable Members is truly astonishing! 

Fitzgerald, Riglit Hon. Maiuice, Kcrnjshirc, Trustee of linen manufac- 
ture. Votes with the Ministers. Did not vote against the Catholic 
Peers' Bill. 

Fitzgerald, Lord William C. Kildareshirc, brother of the Duke of 
Leinster. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for Reform. Did 
NOT VOTE, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts; nor, 1822, for repeal of 
Salt Tax, for Reform, for reduction of Army, or of Influence of the 

Fitzgibbon, Hon. Richard, Limerickshire, Usher in Court of Chancery. 
Brother of Earl of Clare. Never attends. 

Fitzroy, Lord Charles, Thetford, brother of Duke of Grafton. Lieutenant- 
Colonel in the Army and Captain in grenadier Guards. Voted, 1821, 
for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts, for Reform ; 1822, 
for reduction of Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill, 
against Influence of the Crown. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's 
motion, for Lord J. Russell's, for reduction of Lay Lords, for repeal of 
Salt Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 

Fitzroy, Lord John, Bury St. Edmunds, youngest brother of the Duke of 
Grafton. Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, and Major in Guards. 
Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt 
Tax; against Influence of the Crown. Did not vote, 1821, for 
Reform, for Manchester inquiry ; nor, 1822, for reduction of Army ; 
against Alien Bill ; for Sir 11. Wilson. 

Fleming, John, Saltash, voted, 1821, 1822, for Ministers always, except for 
reduction of one Postmaster. 

Foley, John, Droitzvich, cousin to Lord Foley. Voted for reduction of 
lArmy, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. Did 
NOT VOTE for reduction of Lay Lords ; against Influence of the 
Crown ; for repeal of Window Tax. 

Folkestone, Viscount, New Sarum, son of Earl Radnor. Voted, 1821, 
for Manchester inquiry, Jbr repeal of Six Acts, for Mr. Lambton's 
and Lord Russell's motions on Reform; ditto, 1822, for reduction of 
Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform ; 
against Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. Did not vote for 
Sir R. Wilson, for reduction of Army ; against Influence of the 

Forbes, Charles, Malmsburi/, Rector of Mareschall College, Aberdeen. 


Kty to the Lower House. 

Voted for reduction of Lay Lords on second division; against Alien 
Bill. Did not vote for Reform, for reduction of Army, for Civil- 
List inquiry,ybr reduction of Influence of the Crown. 

Forbes, Viscount, Longfordshire, Colonel in the Army, and Aid-de-Camp 
to the King; son of the Earl of Granard, and nephew to the Marquis 
of Hastings. Voted, 18'21, 18'22, always with the Ministers. 

Forde, Matthew, Doxvnshire. When he attends, votes with the Ministers. 

Forester, Francis, IVenlock, brother-in-law of the Duke of Rutland. When 
he attends, ^or Ministers ; against tiie Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Fox, George Lane, Beverly, this Member does not appear to have voted 
on any question. 

Frankland, Robert, Thirsk, son of Sir Thomas Frankland ; his wife niece of 
the Duke of Athol. Voted for Reform ; against Influence of the 
Crown; /or repeal of Salt Tax, /or Civil-List inquiry. Did not 
VOTE, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts ; nor, 1822, for reduction in Army, 
for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. 

Freemantle, William Henry, Buckingham, a relation of the GrenvlUes, 
and included in the sale oi the family ; his price appears a Commission- 
ership of the India Board, ^'1500 ; he is also Resident Secretary in 
London to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and Joint-Solicitor in Great 
Britain. In 1817, Mr. Freemantle voted for the abolition of 
the Oflice of third Secretary of State, and in 1810, for repeal of Salt 
Tax : this year he voted against repeal of Salt Tax, against abolition 
of sinecure Postmaster and tlie Lay Lords of Admiralty. 

French, Arthur, Roscominonshirc, a brother Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Army, and a relation of Lord Gosford. JFtien he attends, votes for 
Ministers, except that he supported reduction of Postmaster on second 

Fynes, Henry, Aldborough, a Barrister; his father has great livings in the 
Church. They are relations to the Duke of Newcastle, the great 
borough proprietor. The Member votes always with the Treasury. 

Gascoyne, Isaac, Liverpool, a General in the Army, and Colonel of a 
regiment of foot. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax ; against the Catholic 
Peers' liill. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester incjuiry, for repeal 
of Six Acts; nor, 1822, for reduction of Postmaster anci Lay Lords, 
for Sir R. Wilson, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien 
Bill ; for reduction of Army and Influence of the Crown. 

Gaskell, Benjamin, Maldnn, a' Manufacturer. Voted, 1821, for Man- 
chester inciuiry, for Mr. Lambton's and Lord J. Russell's motions oi> 
Reform; 1322, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against In^nencc 
of the Crown. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts ; nor, 
1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Lay Lords, for Sir R. 

Gifibid, Sir Robert, Eye, Attorney-General to the King, and Recorder of 
Bristol. The salary of this Member in the Parliamentary Return is 
^6200 ; but his total emoluments, from exchequer processes and sums 
voted for law exjienses, cannot be estimated. Voted against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Gilbert, Davies, Bodmyn, we wonder what has become of the inimitable 
bank note! — Mr. "Gilbert is very tiseful on committees; he was 
Chairman of the Com mittee of Finance m 1817, and brought in the 
Sinecure Pension Bill. He votes always with (he Ministers. And, at 


Key to the Lower House. 

the close of the session, he declared that the same measures which he 
should oppose if introduced by the Opposition, he would support when 
brought forward by Government. There is no help for a man like 
this, and his opinion, on ministerial infallibility, may be coupled with 
that of Mr. Robinson, on "the just and necessary influence" of the 
Crown : both doctrines render the last session remarkable for the hete- 
rodox opinions promulgated. 

Gipps, George, Ripon, a nominee of Miss Lawrence, and cousin to the 
female boroughmonger ; a relation of Lord Grantham. Voted for 
reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against 
the Catholic Peers' Bill. Diu not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six 
Acts, for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for reduction of Army, for 
Keform,/or Civil-List inquiry ; against Influence of the Crown ; for 
repeal of VVindow Tax. 

Gladstone, John, IVoodstock, a Liverpool Merchant. Votes with the 

Glenorchy, Lord, Oakhampton, eldest son of the Earl of Breadalbane, and 
his mother niece of Lord Lauderdale. Voted against Alien Bill ; for 
reduction of Influence of the Crown. 

Gooch, Thomas Sherlock, Suffolk, eldest son of Sir Thomas Gooch ; he 
has two brothers Lieutenant-Colonels in the Army ; a sister married a 
Captain in the Army, who is, besides, Barrack-Master; a cousin wife 
of Lord Walsingham ; an uncle an Archdeacon, with two church 
livings; another cousin married a Parson, who has two livings. His 
wife is sister to Lady Rous. Voted, 1821, against Reform; 1822, 
for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords ; against repeal of Salt 
Tax. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of 
Six Acts; nor, 1822, /or Reform, for Civil-List reduction ; against 
young Wynn ; for reduction of Army ; against Influence of the Crown. 
The following recapitulation, contrasting Mr. Gooch's speeches with 
votes, is from the Elector's Remembrancer : — 

" Oil March 20th, 1816, Mr. Gooch gave notice, ' that unless Ministers proceeded 
Immediately to act upon a system of the most rigid economy,' he should no longer 
countenance or befriend them. In spite of this threat of the Hon. Gentleman, 
Ministers pursue their old course of extravagance; and Lord G. Cavendish, in 
consequence, on 20th of April following, moved resolutions in favour of a reduc- 
tion of public expenditure, which Mr. Gooch did not support! 

" On Feb. 7th, 1817, Mr. Gooch professed himself to be as strong an advocate for 
economy, and as fully convinced as the Whigs, ' that much must he done and 
done speedily ;' by way of evidencing of which conviction, he voted for investing 
a committee, consisting almost exclusively of Placemen, and thick and thin 
ministerialists, with the charge of ' laying down the principles of a Peace Esta- 
blishment for succeeding years ;' and, on the 23th of February, voted against 
reduction of two Lords of Admiralty, and of third Secretary of States' Office; 
and would not support Mr. Calcraft's n)otion for repeal of Salt Tax. 

" In 1818, 1819, Sir M. W. Ridley repeated his efforts to procure the reduction 
of the two junior Lords of Admiralty ; but Mr. Gooch voted for the Ministers. In 
the latter year Mr. Gooch voted for the Windsor Establishment being charged to 
the country, instead of being paid out of the Privy Purse. Did not support Dr. 
Phillimore's motion for repeal of Salt Tax ; voted for the grant of ^'10,000 a 
year to the Duke of York ; opposed Sir M. W. Ridley's motion ' that no fresh 
burthen should be laid on the People, till every practicable retrenchment had 
been made.' Voted for the imposition of three millions of new taxes; 
against Sir Henry Parnell's motion for reductions of general expenditure." 


Key to the Lower House. 

In 1822, the Member voted against repeal of Salt Tax. and after- 
wards, on the 29th of April, spoke as follows: " he viewed, with great 
dismay, the distressed state of the Agricultural Interest. J remission 
of taxation he kneui would assist tliem, and as far as a reduction of 
Establishments would enable that to be done he would do it." By way of 
evincing his sincerity lie neither voted for an inquiry into the enormous 
Civil-List Expenditure, for the reduction of the Army, nor against 
the of 4000 appointment of young Wynn, nor for any other proposition 
for retrenchment during the Session. 

His inconsistencies may be partly ascribed to his connexions ; he is too 
intimately connected with the Thing to act independently of it, and 
vote according to his convictions. While his relations were amply 
provided in the Church and tiie Army, and the agriculturist flourished, 
no matter the sufferings of other classes; the system could not be 
better administered in the opinion of Mr. Gooch ; — no profusion could 
be too great — it was the best of all possible systems. But the great 
enlightener of 7io rents has opened the eyes of Mr. Gooch as well as 
other country gentlemen ; he now sees that the sinecure Lords 
of Admiralty may be abolished without detriment to the public ser- 
vice ; — nay, that Mr. Hume is a meritorious individual, and that, by 
his " indefatigable industry and valuable exertions, lie has done great 
service to his country." 

Gordon, Robert, Cricklade, a Merchant in London. ^'oTEn, 1821, for 
repeal of Six Acts, lor Manchester inquiry, for both motions on 
Reform. Did not vote, 18'J2,./br nor against any thing. 

Gordon, Hon. William, Aberdeenshire, brother of the Earl of Aberdeen ; 
a Captain in the Navv. A'oted for Ministers always; against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Gosset, William, Truro, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army. Voted, 1821, 
1822, always for Ministers; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Goulbourn, Henry, IFest Looe, Ciiief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, and bailiff of Plurnix Park ; salary ^56l3. A relation of 
Lord Talbot. 'I'he Member has a brother Edward Commissioner of 
Bankrupts. Against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Gower, Lord Francis L. Blcchinglcy, second son of Marquis of StatVord. 
No trace of attendance. 

Graham, Sir James, Carlisle, an attorney and agent to the Earl of Lonsdale. 
Voted always with the Treasury. 

Graham, Sangford, Ludgershall, son of Sir James Graham. Voted, 1821, 
for repeal of Six Acts; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for Reform, for reduction of Army, for 
repeal of Salt Tax ; against Influence of the Crown. Did not vote, 
1821, for Manchester inquiry, nor for either motion on Reform. 

Grant, Alexander Craig, Lcstivithiel, son of Sir Alexander Grant. The 
Member is Agent for Antigua. Always for Ministers; against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

This Member, according to the Act of Settlement, is disqualified for 
sitting in Parliament. Tiie provision in tlie Act is in tliese words : — 
" that no person whohas an office or place of profit under the King, or 
receives a pension from the Crown, shall be cajiable of serving as a 
Member of the House." This clause in the statute has been construed 
to extend orilv to those ofhces which have been created since the Act 


Key to the Lower House. 

was framed. It has also been construed to extend only to tliose pensions 
which are revocable at the pleasure of the Crown ; and it has also been 
ruled, that the person to whom such office, place of profit, or pension is 
granted, may be re-elected to serve in the same parliament. But, not- 
withstanding these various constructions, which have nearly deprived 
the people of all protection from this salutary law ; it does not appear 
that Mr. Grant comes within the scope of any of them. His office or 
his salary, which is said to be some great per centage, arising from the 
management, by another person, of the 4^ per cent, fund, has been 
created since the act ivas framed. Therefore, Mr. Grant, without a 
neiv interpretation has no right to sit in parliament. 
Grant, Right Hon. Charles, Invernesshire, late Chief Secretary for Ireland ; 
his father an East-India Director; a brother, Robert, Commissioner of 
Bankrupts. The Member has, besides, six female relations on the 
Pension-List. Votes with the Treasury. 
Grant, Francis W. Elginshire, Lord-Lieutenant of Elginshire, and Colonel 

in the Army. Votes with the Ministers. 
Grant, George, Sutherlandsliire, votes ditto. It has been stated there are 

more than one hundred Giants in the Army. 
Grant, John Peter, Tavistock, a Barrister at law, and Advocate at the 
Scotch bar. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry; 18^2, for 
Refonn, for reduction of Postmaster on second division, for Civil-List 
inquiry; against young Wynn; for reduction of Influence of the 
Crown. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for either 
motion on Reform ; 1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Lay 
Lords, for reduction of Army ; against Alien Bill. 
Grattan, James, IVickloiv&hire, voted, 1821, for both motions on Reform, 
for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for Sir R.Wilson, for Reform, for 
reduction of Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax ; 
against Alien Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, 
for reduction of Army. 
Graves, Lord, Milbournc Port, Lord of the Bedchamber to the King ; his 
son is page of honour to the King, and he is brother-in-law to the 
Marquis of Anglesey. 
Greenhill, R. Robert, Thirsk, a Barrister at law. Voted, 1821, for repeal 
oi Six Acts ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster, for Reform, for Civil- 
List inquiry; against Alien Bill. Did Nor vote, 1821, for Man- 
chester inquiry; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto of Lay Lords, 
ditto of Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Salt Tax. 
Grenfell, Pascoe, Penri/n, brother-in-law of Viscount Doneraille, and of 
Lord Riversdale. Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords 
of Admiralty, for Civil-List inquiry. Did not vote, 1821, for Man- 
chester inquiry, for repeal oi Six Acts ; 1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
Reform ; against Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax, for reduction 
of Army, ditto of Influence of the Crown. Although this Member 
has not given his vote, he gave his opinion in favour of Parliamentary 
Reform for the first time last Session. 
Greville, Hon. Sir C. J. ^Farivick, Major-General and Colonel of a regi- 
ment of foot ; brother to the Earl of Warwick. Votes with the 
Ministers ; against the Catholic Peers. 
Griffith, John Wynne, Denbigh. Voted, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for 
Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster, 


Key to the Loioer House. 

for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn ; for reduction of Influ- 
ence of the Crown ; against Alien Bill. l3iD not vote for repeal of 
Salt Tax, for reduction of Lay Lords, ditto of Army, for repeal of 
Window Tax. 

Grosset, John Rock, ChippenhcDn, voted against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Grosvenor, Richard E. E. J^evon, Romney, cousin of Lord Grosvenor, and 
related to the Earl of Berkeley ; has a brotlier with tliree livings in the 
Church. The Member, when he attended, voted with Ministers. 

Grosvenor, Thomas, Chester, a (lenerai in the Army, and Colonel of a 
regiment of foot ; cousin to Lord Grosvenor. i'his Member is very 
laborious in discharge of his parliamentary duties ; he has voted just 
TWICE during three sessions — first for Lord A. Hamilton's motion on 
Barons of Exchequer in Scotland, and second against young Wynn's 
ot'4000 mission. 

Guise, Sir W. B. Gloucestershire, iias a brotlier Major in the Guards ; 
another brother with a church living. N'oted, 1821, for repeal of Six 
Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and 
Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Sir R. V\ ilson, for Reform, for 
Civil-List inquiry, for reduction of Army, ditto of influence of the 
Crown; against Alien Bill. Did not vote for repeal of Window 
Tax; against the Swiss mission. 

Gurney, Hudson, Nezvton, Hants, a banker at Norwich. Voted against 
reduction of Postmaster ; for reduction of Lav Lords of Admiralty, for 
Sir R. Wilson, for Civil-List inquiry ; flg«/H.<r< Alien Bill. Did not 
vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for 
Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto of Influence of the Crown, for 
repeal of Window or Salt Tax. 

Gurney, Richard Hanbury, Norwich, a banker at Norwich. Voted for 
Reform, for reduction of Postmaster on second division, for Civil- 
List inquiry; against young Wyim, ditto Alien Bill. Did not vote, 

1821, ioY re\-)C'^\ of Six Jets, for Alanchester inquiry ; 1822, for re- 
duction of Lay Lords of Admiralty, ditto Influence of the Crown, 
for repeal of Salt Tax, ditto Window Ta.\^ for Sir R. Wilson. 

Haldimand, William, Ipsziich, a Bank Director. Voted, 1821, for repeal 
of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for repeal of 
Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill ; for reduction of 
Postmaster. Did not vote "for Sir R. Wilson, for reduction of Lay 
Lords, ditto of Army, or Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Window 

Hamilton, Lord A. Lanarkshire, brother to the Duke of Hamilton. 
Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Sir R. Wilson, for 
reduction of two Lords of Admiralty and one Postmaster, for Reform, 
for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax; 
against Alien Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts; 

1822, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wyim. 
Hamilton, Sir Hugh D. Haddington, no trace of attendance. 
Hamilton, Hans, Dublinshire, ditto. 

-Handley, Henry, Hej/tesbury, voted for reduction of junior Lords of Ad- 
miralty and one Postmaster on second division ; against the Catholic 
Peers' Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal o( Six Acts, for Man- 
chester inquiry; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto Influ- 
ence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry, for repeal of Window or 
Salt Tax. 


Key to the Lower House. 

As this Member, on the 28th of last February, is reported, with great 
self-complacency, to have ridiculed the idea of "Taxation being 
considered the cause, or Parliamentary Reform the remedy, of Agri- 
cultural Distress;" we shall make a few observations on both points. 

With reference to taxation generally, it is hardly necessary to begin 
with observing, that taxes do not return, as Mr. Burke supposed, in 
" fructifying showers :" whatever is paid in tax is absolutely lost to the 
tax-payer — Tie has no means of re-possessing himself of the sums abstracted 
without giving an equivalent in return. Thus, suppose the tax paid by 
thefarmeror artizan is expended on the Sinecurist or Pensioner, it never 
returns to the farmer or artizan without a portion of their produce and 
industry being given in exchange. So that taxation universally re- 
volves itself into the tax-payers — the farmer, merchant, and labourer 
giving a portion of tlieir produce, profit, or labour, for the mainte- 
nance of the servants, establishments, and adherents of government : 
hence whatever tax is abated, (he Hu~-bandry Horse Tax for instance, 
is direct and positive relief to the tax-payer. 

Having shown the general operation of taxation, we will now show how 
taxes more particularly oppress agriculture than other branches of 
industry. Taxes either fall on necessaries, or what are termed luxuries. 
If they fall on necessaries, they tend, by increasing the cost of sub- 
sistence, to increase the price of labour. But labour enters more into 
the operation of agriculture than of manufactures. A piece of cloth 
or cotton is chiefly wrought out by the aid of machinery, but a quarter 
of wheat can only be produced by manual labour. Taxes, therefore, on 
necessaries are most oppressive on agriculture, because tliey enhance 
the price of labour; a commodity of which, the agriculturist is a 
greater consumer than the merchant or manufacturer. 

Secondly, agriculture is peculiarly affected by taxes on luxuries. The 
chief consumers of luxuries are the Clergy and Aristocracy, whose 
revenues are derived from the soil. Taxes on luxuries, therefore, by 
augmenting the outgoings of those classes who live upon rent and tithe, 
they are less able to aftbrd relief to the farmer by a reduction of their 
incomes. Consumers of luxuries are also consumers of necessaries ; 
consequently their power to bear a diminution of income is lessened by 
taxes, which fall on the latter as well as the former: hence, then, as there 
is no tax which does not fall either upon the farmer, his landlord, or 
the purchaser of his produce, there is no tax the repeal of which would 
not benefit agriculture. If it be a direct tax like the Husbandry 
Horse Duty, its repeal lessens the cost of production ; if an indirect 
tax on necessaries, its repeal not only lowers the price of labour, 
but increases the power of consumption in all classes ; if it be a tax on 
luxuries, its repeal enables the consumers of these articles to bear a 
diminution of income from rent and tithe. This is the only just way 
of considering the effect of taxation on agriculture. The interests of 
agriculture are affected not only by the burdens directly imposed upon 
it, but by burdens imposed upon all other classes. Without a reduction 
in taxes, there cannot be an effective reduction in poor-rates, wages, 
rent, or tithe. 

To come to Mr. Handler's second position : having shown that taxes 
are an evil — it will be easy to shovv that Parliamentary Reform is the 
only remedy. Without a reform there can be no effective reduction 



Key to the Lower House. 

in the public expenditure; no material reduction in the Civil-List 
expenditure, in Salaries, and Pensions ; in naval, in military, and 
barrack establishments. Without a reform there cannot be a just 
reduction of the public debt. No one would be base enough to wish 
the fund-holder sacrificed to the exclusion of other classes ; no one 
would wish to see any exclusive tax on the public annuitants, most of 
whom had no share in producing present calamities, without a corres- 
ponding burden on those classes, to whose security or imaginary 
fears the debt had been contracted. But without reform there will 
never be such a just reduction of public debt. A House of 
Commons representing only the interests of the Church and Aristocracy, 
will only take care ov those interests. Without reform there can be 
no modification in the Tithe System. A reformed parliament would 
not only make a more liberal provision for the useful classes of the 
clergy, but relieve agriculture from its most burdensome and vexatious 

We conclude, then, contrary to Mr. Handley, that "taxation is the 
cause, and Parliamentary Keform the only remedy, of agricultural 

Hardinge, Sir Henry, Durhain City, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Guards; 
a son Lieutenant in the Artillery. The father of the Member was a 
Parson; his brother has two church livings; uncle, Surveyor-General 
of Customs in Dublin. Voles with Ministers. The city of Durham, 
on account of its corruptions, has been several times before Parliament. 
The right of election is in the freemen, and the expense of carrying 
the out-voters is enormous. The Church and Corporation can always 
return one member — sometimes both. Hardinge uas related to 
Londonderry and to Marquis Camden, whose family and connexions 
get above ^'4000 a year ot the public money. 

Hartopp, George, Dundalk, eldest son of Sir Edmund Hartopp. Nulla 
vestigia, that is to say, never attends. 

Hart, George Vaughan, Donegalshire, a Lieutenant-General. Voted for 
Ministers, when he attended. 

Harvey, Charles, Carloiv. I'he Irish Members, except such as have places, 
scarcely ever attend. 

Harvey, Sir Eliab, Essex, an Admiral. His wife is aunt to the Earl of 
Berkeley and to Lord Eorbes, Voted for reduction of Postmasters 
and two Lords of Admiralty ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. Did 
NOT VOTE, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 
1822, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry; aijainst Infiuence of the 
Crown, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, for repeal of Salt and 
Window Tax. ^riit- Berkeley family get nearly £bOOO a year among 
them ; that of Lord Forbes upwards of i'SOOO. The county of Essex, 
since the expensive contest of the late Mr. Luders, has, to save expense, 
been divided between the Tories and the Whigs, each party putting 
in one member. Essex, like most of the English counties, 'is by this 
coalition de|)rived de Jacto of any choice ; the two parties would ruin 
any independent man who was foolish enough to spend his money in 
such a contest. Harvei/ is the Tory member. 

Hawkins, Sir Christoplier, St. Ives, absentee 1821 and 1822. 

Hcathcote, Sir Gilbert, Rutland, son-in-law of Countess of Dysart. roted 
for Reform. Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, nor Manchester 
inquiry; nor, 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto of Influence of the 


Key to the Lower House. 

Crown, ditto Lay Lords and Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry, for 
repeal of Salt and" Window Tax. 
Heathcote, John Gilbert, Boston, voted, 18'21, for both motions on 
Reform; 1822, for Sir R.Wilson, for reduction of Postmasters and 
Lay Lords, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn. Did not 
VOTE, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, nor Manchester inquiry ; 1822, 
for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the 
Crown ; against Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. 

Heber, Riciiard, Oxford University. Voted for reduction of Lay Lords, 
for repeal of Salt Tax ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Heron, Sir Robert, /'e^er^oroMgA. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for 
reduction of Lay Lords and Postmaster on second division, for Reform, 
for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Swiss mission. 
Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts; 1822, for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax ; 
against Alien Bill. 

Heygate, William, Sudhury, an alderman* in London, a banker in London 
and Leicester. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's motion on Reform ; 
1822, for reduction of Lay Lords; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts, 
for Mr. Lambton's motion on Reform ; 1822, for reduction of Post- 
master, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto 
of Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax : aeainst Alien 

It was rather unfortunate for the theory of this worthy Alderman and 
honourable Member, when at the moment he was tracing the difficul- 
ties of the country to the contraction of the bank circulation, he learnt 
from the mouth of the governor, that the bank issues in paper, gold, and 
silver were never greater than at that time. — See Times, March 22. 

Hill, Lord Arthur, Doivnshire, brother to the Marquis of Downsiiire ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, and Captain in Scotch Greys. 
Voted for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, 
ditto Influence of the Crown, for Reform, for repeal of Salt Tax ; 
against Alien Bill ; for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn's 
mission; for Sir R. Wilson. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six 
Acts ; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Postmaster, for repeal of 
Window Tax. 

Hill, Right Hon. Sir George F. Londonderry, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, 
Clerk of the House, Recorder of Londonderry. Against the Catholic 
Peers' Bill. 

Hill, Rowland, Shropshire. The Member voted only once during last session ; 
against the Catholic Peers' Bill ; and the other county Member, Sir J. 
K. Powell, did not vote at all. 

Hobhouse, John Cam, Westminster, son of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, first 
Commissioner for investigating the debts of the Carnatic. The 
Member's uncle is Under-Secretary of State. Voted, 1821, for 
Manchester inquiry, for repeal oi Six Acts, for Mr. Lambton's motion ; 
1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Civil-List 
inquiry ; against young Wynn's mission ; for reduction of Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown ; against Alien Bill ; moved for repeal of 
Window Tax, &c. &c. Did not vote against qualification of the 
Catholic Peers' Bill, nor for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Mr. Hobhouse attends well, and commonly speaks well ; but we wish he 
would make a few mnre speeches. Lord Ebrington considers him not 
quite so dangerous as formerly ; and we should like to ask the honour- 
able Member, lirst, whether he 7ioiv considers himself a Whig or a 
Radical, or a bit of both ; secondly, whether in case of an election he 
looks to be returned by the Whigs or Reformers, or both. 

Hodson, John Alexander, IVigan. When this Member votes, which is seldom, 
it is with the Treasury. 

Holford, George, Queenboroitgh, son of a late Master in Chancery, formeriy 
Secretary to the India Board. Votes for Ministers always ; against the 
Catholic Peers. 

Holmes, Sir L. T. W. Kezvport, I. W. voted, 1821, 1822, for Ministers' 
always, except for repeal of Salt Tax. 

Holmes, William, Bishop's Castle, Treasurer of the Ordnance, Agent for 
Demerara; his father is Inspector of flax-seed at Sligo. Holmes is the 
ministerial ivhipper-in. The electors for the rotten borough of 
Bishop's Castle, in Shropshire, are, in number, 150, — patron. Earl 
Poivis. It has been the custom to pay the independent electurs of 
Bishop's CasLle a few shillings each, weekly, as wages, to hold them 
to the interest of those who pay them, whom, notwithstanding, they 
desert occasionally. The Powis (Clive) family are connected with 
the family of Montrose, and with the Grenvilles. 

Home, Drummond Henry, Stirlingshire. 

Honeywood, William P. Kent. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's motion 
on Reform ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords of Admiralty, for Sir R. 
Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young 
Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the 
Crown. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, nor repeal of 
Six Acts ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster, or Reform. 

Hope, Hon Sir A. Linlithgozushirc, a Lieutenant-General and Colonel of a 
regiment of foot, and Governor of the Royal Military College; brother 
of the Earl of Hopetown. — Never attends. 

Hope, Sir William Johnstone, Duvifrieshire, a Rear- Admiral ; nephew of 
the Earl of Hopetown. Voted against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Hornby, Edward, Preston, nephew to the Earl of Derby. Voted for 
Reform, for reduction of Postmaster on second division, for Civil-List 
inquiry; against the Swiss mission. Did not vote, 1821, for Man- 
chester inquiry, for repeal of Six Jets, for Mr. Lambton's motion on 
Reform; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for 
repeal of Salt '"Pax, ditto Window Tax, for reduction of Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown ; against Alien Bill. The Ilornhtjs are said to 
have of 7000 a year in church livings. 

Horrocks, '6:\xx\\\c\,'Prrston, a manufacturer at Preston. Voted against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, 
for repeal o^ Six Jets; nor, 1822, for reduction of Postmaster or Lay 
Lords, for Sir R. ^\■ilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, ditto Window Tax, 
for Civil-List incjuiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for 
reduction of Army, ditto Inlluence of the Crown. 

The electors of Preston, who, at the last election, evinced so much spirit 
and independence, will in our opinioji do well, on the first opportunity, 
to return Mr. Hunt, in place of one at least of their present represen- 
tatives. As it is, they are very indifferently represented; it is seldom 


Key to the Loiuer House. 

that either Member votes at all, and one it appears voted against a just 
and salutary measure. 

Hotham, Lord, Leominster, a Major in the Army, and Captain of Cold- 
stream Guards ; a brother with tliree livings in the Church ; an uncle, 
an Admiral, whose wife is daughter to Lord Rous. Voted, 18^1, 
against Reform ; 182'2, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords ; 
against young Wynn. Did not vote for Sir R. Wilson, for Civil- 
List inquiry, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown; 
against Alien Bill. 

Houldsworth, Thomas, Pontefract, a manufacturer at Manchester. Voted 
for Ministers always, except for repeal of Window Tax ; against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Howard, Hon. Faulke Greville, Castle Rising, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Army, and a relation of Lord Warwick. When he attends, votes for 
Ministers. The name of this man was Fulve Greville Upton; he 
married Miss Hoivard, whose name he took, and she nominates her 

Howard, Molyneux H. Steyning, Deputy Earl Marshal of England, and 
High Steward of the City of Gloucester ; brother to the Duke of Nor- 
folk. The Member has never, we believe, voted during the present 

Howard, Hon. William, Morpeth, son of the Earl of Carlisle, Voted for 
reduction of Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against Swiss mission. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, 
for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Army, 
ditto Influence of Crown; against Alien Bill, ditto Lay Lords ; for Sir 
R. Wilson, for repeal of Window Tax, 

Hudson, Harrington, Hollcston, brother-in-law of Lord James Townshend, 
the othcn- Member, and also of Marquis Townshend. The Member 
has, we believe, a son in the Guards. When he attends, votes with 
Ministers; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Hughes, William L. Wallingford, Major-Commandant of the Anglesea 
militia. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reductions, 
for Reform, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Army, for Civil- 
List inquiry ; against young Wynn. Did not vote for repeal of 
Six Acts, for either motion on Reform, nor, for reduction of Influence 
of the Crovi'n ; against Alien Bill. 

Hulse, Sir Charles, West Looe, his uncle Samuel is a General in the Army, 
Colonel of a regiment of foot, and Lieutenant-Governor of Chelsea 
Hospital ; an aunt married General Stevens, who is Colonel of a regi- 
ment of foot, and Groom of the bed-chamber to the King. The 
Member votes always with the Treasury, except that he supported the 
reduction of one Postmaster. 

Hume, Joseph, Aberdeen, &c. It is unnecessary to specify the votes of 
this exemplary Member. Mr. Hume has done more for the country 
in the two last sessions, than the Whig party since the Revolution of 
1688. The value of his services cannot be adequately appreciated. 
In his endeavours to reduce the Estimates and Establishments, he was 
rarely supported by more i\\-m fifteen or a score Members; all the rest 
being either engaged indirect opposition, endeavouring by every species 
of official trick and subterfuge to frustrate his efforts ; or, viewing his 
conduct with suspicion and aversion. Although the Opposition has been 


Key to the Lower House. 

constantly calling out for Retrenchment, and indeed of late years it has 
been the only pledge offered for public confidence, yet when it came to 
the point — when Mr. Hume made his motions for that purpose, he was 
scarcely ever supported by them. Out of 175 Members of Opposition, 
only 36 voted for the reduction of the Army ; only 26 for reducmg the 
allowance to the Military College ; only 33 for reducing Military Staff 
in Great Britain ; only 21 supported Mr. Creevy's motion for applying 
the 4^ per cent, fund to its legitimate objects ; only the same number, 
21, voted for reducing sinecure offices in the garrisons ; and only 42 
Members voted for the repeal of the Sinecure Pension Bill. What can 
the country think of the principles of men who never attended when 
questions on which the relief of, and welfare of the country really 
depended ; and could only attend when the subject to be discussed, 
was the dismissal of Ministers, and their own admission to their 
places ? 

Hurst, Robert, Horsham, Barrister-at-law, and a Bencher of the Temple ; 
Agent to the Duke of Norfolk; has a son in the Army. Voted, 
18'21, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts; 18^2, for Re- 
ductions, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for Civil-List in(iuiry ; 
against young Wynn, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Alien Bill. 
Did not vote, in 1821, for Mr. Lambton's motion on Reform; nor, 
1822, for reduction in the Army. 

Huskisson, William, Chichester, Commissioner of Woods and Forests, 
o£2000 ; Agent for the Island of Ceylon, i:ilOO. Has a pension of 
of 1 200, which he receives, unless he has places which produce him 
o£'2000 a year. His wife has a pension, to commence on the death of 
her husband. Did not vote against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Mr. Huskisson, like Mr. Alexander C. Grant — whom see— is or ought 
to be disqualified from silting in the House of Commons. His office 
as Agent for the island of Ceylon is a new place, and of course, under 
the statute of the 6lh of Queen Anne, the holding it disqualifies him 
from sitting and voting in parliament. Upon this ground Huskisson's 
return to parliament was petitioned against in 1806-7; and the defence 
made by him was, that he had received the appointment from Mr. 
Wyndham, the colonial Secretary, and in so doing he had not taken 
i\\fi pleasure of the Croivn ; ergo it was not a new place under the 
Crown. Supposing this plea to be good, and the case out of the 
letter of the statute, it is impossible to conceive a more palpable 
violation of its spirit. Tiie act specifically provides against the intro- 
duction of new placemen into the House; the Agent tor the island of 
Ceylon is a new placeman — and whether he is appointed by the Crown, 
or the Ministers of the Crown, the injury to the Constitution is the 
same; and is that precise injury which was meant to be guarded 
against by the statute of Queen Anne. Huskisson is put in by the 
Richmond and Egremont families; both of which receive rather more 
than ,£28,000 a year out of the taxes. 

Hutchinson, Hon. Christopher Ely, Cork, brother of the Earl of Donough- 
niore and Lord Hutchinson. Voted, 1822, for Manchester imjuinr, 
for repeal of Six Acts, for both motions on Reform ; 1822, for Sir R. 
Wilson, for Reform, tor reductions of Army, ditto Influence of the 
Crown, ditto Joint Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. 

Hyde, John, Youghall, brother-in-law of Lord Manners. No trace of 


Key to the Lower House. 

James, William, Carlisle. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for 
repeal of i'lx Acts; 1822, for Reductions, for Civil-List inquiry, for 
reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; against young 
Wynn, ditto Alien Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for Mr. Lambton's 
motion; 1822, for Mr, Wyvill's motion; against Alien Bill, ditto 
Irish Tithe system. 

Jenkinson, Hon. "Charles C. G. Grinstead, Undersecretary in the colonial 
and war department ; half-brother of the Duchess of Dorset. Votes of 
course with the Treasury ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. Grinstead, 
is a rotten borough in Sussex. The borough is the property of the 
Duchess of Dorset. It came out before a committee of the House of 
Commons, in 1803, that the tenants of the Duchess, who elect the 
members, are none of them allowed to have possession of the burgage 
tenure deeds, in right of which they vote, but that they were brought 
to tlie place of election in a bag, by Mr. Hoper, attorney of Lewes, 
agent to the Lady, and carried back by him in the same manner. At 
the last election she nominated her nephew. Lord Strathaven, and her 
half-brother, Jenkinson, who is brother to Lord Liverpool. The various 
ramifications of this family get more than o£30,000 a year among 

Jervoise, George P. Hampshire. Voted, 1821, for Mr. Lambton's reform; 
1822, for Reductions, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for Civil-List 
inquiry ; against Alien Bill ; for reduction of Influence of the Crown. 
Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 
1822, for reduction of Army, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Window 

James, Sir Hugh, Kirkwall, a relation of the Duke of Roxburgh. For 
Ministers, when he attended. 

Innis, John, Grampound, a Merchant in London. Votes with the Treasury 
when he attends ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Jocelyn, Hon. John, Louthshire, uncle of the Earl of Roden ; nephew of 
THE Bishop. Votes with Ministers. The Jocelyns receive immense 
sums of the public money. The Member has been on the Irish Su- 
perannuation Establishment tw^enty-eight years, to the tune of 
^650 a year. 

JoUiffe, Hylton, Petersfield, has a brother in the Church, and two sons 
Cornets of Dragoons. Voted, 1821, 1822, always for Ministers. 

Johnson, William Augustus, Boston, a Colonel in the Army. Voted for 
repeal of Salt Tax, for Sir R. Wilson, for Reductions, for Reform ; 
against the Swiss mission. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six 
Acts, for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Influence of 
the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. 

Jones, John, Carmarthen, voted for repeal of Salt Tax, and apparently on 
no other question. 

Irving, John, Bromber, a Merchant in London. Voted always with the 
Treasury; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Kennedy, Thomas F. Jyr, a relation of Lord Cassilis. Voted for Reduc- 
tions, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto 
Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of Crown. Did 
not vote for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, for Mr. 
Lambton's motion on Parliamentary Reform. 

Kerr, David, Athtone, brother-in-law to tiie late Marquis of Londonderry, 
of Lords Garvagh and Eilenborough. Votes with Muiisters. 


Kty to tht Lower House. 

King^ Sir John D. IVijcomhe, has a daughter married to a brother of the 
Earl of Berkeley, and a sister married to a Captain in the Army. 
Voted for reduction of Lay Lords, and for repeal of Salt Tax. 

Kingsborou^h, Viscount, Corkshire, son of the Earl of Kingston. Vote 
with Ministers. 

Kinnersley, William S. Nezvcastle-under-Lyne , a Banker. Voted, 18'21, 
against Reform ; 1822, against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Knatchbull, Sir Edward, Kent, late Receiver-General of Land Tax; has a 
brother-in-law Captain in the Navy, another brother-in-law with two 
livings in the Church, and a brother-in-law a Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Army. Voted, 1821, against Reform ; 1822, for reduction of Lay 
Lords, and one Postmaster on second division ; for repeal of Salt Tax ; 
against the Catholic Peers' Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for Manchester 
inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for Civil-List inquiry, for 
Reform; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for Sir R.Wilson, 
for repeal of Window Tax, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of 
the Crown. 

Knatchbull, who opposed tlie repeal of the Malt Tax, and who 
scarcely ever supported any motion for reduction of Estimates or 
Establishments, objected, in 1821, that a petition presented by Mr. 
Denman, for the restoration of the Queen's name in the liturgy, should 
not be printed on " the score of economy." 

Knox, Hon. Thomas, Ditngannon, eldest son of Viscount Northland, who 
is Joint-Prolhonotary of the Common Pleas in Ireland; son of the 
Archbishop of Armagh ; has a brodier Captain in the Navy, another 
Major in the Army; an uncle one of the iicighcrs at Cork; another 
uncle Bishop of Derry, who has a son Captain in the Navy ; another 
uncle with three church livings ; and another uncle Dean of Down. 
The Member alivaijs votes zvith Ministers. 

Kynaston Powell, Sir John Powell, Shropshire, High-Steward of the seig- 
niory and town of Powestry ; a brother has two livings in the Church. 
Never voted on any question ; and his colleague only once during the 
three last sessions. 

Lamb, Hon. George, Dungarvan, third son of Lord Melbourne, a barrister. 
Voted for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, diito 
Alien Bill; for reduction of Postmaster, ditto Influence of the Crown. 
Did not vott, 1821, for repeal of Sir Acts, for Manchester incjuiry, 
for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 1822, for repeal of Window or Salt 1 axes, 
for reduction of Army, ditto of Lay Lords. 

Lamb, Hon. William, Hertfordshire, eldest son of Viscount Melbourne, 
and son-in-law of Earl Besborough ; has a brother Minister to Bavaria; 
his father a pensioner, and lord of the bed-chamber. Lamb used to 
vote with the Opposition; in 1818, he voted for reduction of Lay 
Lords; this year iiis name is not on the division ! He has i)een suspect- 
ed some time, and no doubt has rutted. 

Lambton, John George, Durham, son-in-law of Earl Grey. Voted, 1821, 
lor Manchester inquiry ; moved resolutions on Reform, and voted for 
Lord J. Russell's motion on ditto ; 1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
reducing the grant to Military College, for reduction of Lay Lords and 
Postmaster, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Army, for Sir R. 
"Wilson. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Siv Acts; 1822, for 
Civil-List incjuiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Irish Tithe system; 
for repeal of Window Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 


Keij to the Lower House, 

Langston, James H. IVoodstock, verdurer of Wychwood Poorest. Voted, 
1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Lord J. Russell's reform; 1822, for 
Reform, for reduction of Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry. Did not 
VOTE for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; against 
Alien Bill. 

Lascelles, W. Selright, Northallerton, brother of Lord Harewood ; a cousin 
with two church livings; another distributor of stamps for the North 
Riding of Yorkshire; two relations in the Army ; related to the family 
of Old George Rose. Voted, 1821, against Reform ; 1822, against 
reduction of one Postmaster; for reduction of Lay Lords; against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Latouche, Robert, Kildareshire, brother-in-law of the Earl of Clancarty. 
Voted, 1821, 1822, for Reform, for reduction of one Postmaster on 
second division, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto 
Alien Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Man- 
chester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, ditto Influence of 
the Crown, ditto Army, for repeal of Salt and Window Tax. 

Lawley, Francis, IVarwickshire, brother-in-law of Lord Middleton ; his 
brother married a daughter of Lord Bolingbroke, who is brother-in- 
law to Lord Grenville ; another brother married a Denison sister of 
the Member for Surrey, and of the Marchioness of Conyngham. 
Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for reduction of 
Lay Lords and one Postmaster on second division, for repeal of Salt 
Tax, for Reform. Did not vote for any of the popular motions of 
1821 nor 1822, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto 
Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. 

Leake, William, Malmeshury. Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, for the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Legge, Hon. Heneage, Banbury, Gentleman Usher and quarterly Waiter to 
the King; uncle to the Earl of Dartmouth. Voted against the Ca- 
tholic Peers' Bill, otherwise an absentee. The Earl of Guildford is 
patronof the rotten corporation borough of iBawiwrz/. The Guildford and 
Dartmouth families are amply provided with places, pensions, and rever- 
sions to the tune of ^34,000 a year ! 

Leigh, Thomas, Newton. Always for Ministers. 

I-,eigh, Francis, New Ross. Absentee, except against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Leigh, James H. Winchester, brother-in-law of Lord Say and Sele ; High 
Steward of this City. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 
1822, against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Lemon, Sir William, Cornwall, has a son married to a sister of the Earl of 
Ilchester. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform, for Manchester 
inquiry ; 1822, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction 
of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry; 
against young Wynn, ditto Influence of the Crown. Tliis Member 
attends well and votes well : he is betwixt 70 and 80 years of age, and 
the father of the Collective Wisdom. 

Lennard, Thomas B. Ipswich. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry; 
moved the repeal of the Blasphemous and Seditious Libel Act, and 
the Seditious Meeting Act ; for Lord J. Russell's reform; 1822, for 
one Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion, for 
Reform ; against young Wynn ; inoved reduction in the third class 
of Civil-List expenditure ; against Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System; 
for Sir R. Wilson, for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for repeal 



Key to tht Lower House. 

of Window Tax. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's reform, for 
reduction of Army, ditto of Lay Lords of Admiralty. 

Lennox, Lord Jolin George, Chichester, brother to the Duke of Richmond. 
Voted against reduction of Postmaster ; for Sir R. Wilson ; against the 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Leslie, Charles, Monaghanshire. Voted for Ministers, when he attended. 

Lethbridge, Sir 'I'honias, Sojuersetshire, Colonel of Militia; a relation. 
Deputy Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall ; his brother-in-law, Sir 
T. Hesketh, Colonel of the Lancashire militia ; and his wife's sister 
married the Hon. and Rev. Edmund Knox, son of Lord Nortiiland; 
another sister married to General John Despard, brother of another 
Despard, who was in the Army. Voted for reduction of one Post- 
master, and two Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List 
inquiry; against young Wynn. Did not vote for the popular 
mclions in 1821 nor 1»22, for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax ; against Iiish Tithe 
System; for Mr. Wyvill's motion. Lethbridge, having received 
little or any rent, has latterly become so outrageous a reformer, that 
Lord Castlereagh said his language was quite " inflammatory," and, we 
believe, "seditious." 

Lewis, Thomas T'lankland, Beaumaris, cousin of Sir Thomas Frankland, 
who is related to the Duke of Athol. Lewis has recently received 
some appointment, and varied his vote and opinions accordingly. 
February 26th, 1821, he said "the militia formed the most eligible 
defence for the country, and with an auxiliary force of 12 or 14,000 
regulars it would be quite sufficient for all the duties the Army would 
have to perform." — Yet he has never voted for the reduction of the 
Army. In 1817, he voted for reduction of Lay Lords ; 1822, against 
reduction of one Postmaster, and did not vote for reduction of the 
Lay Lords. 

Lewis, Wyndham, Cardiff. Always for Ministers. 

Leycester, Ralph, Shajtsbury. Voted for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against voung Wynn, ditto Irish Tithe System. 

Leycester, iL (senior) Poole. Voted for reduction of Postmaster and 
Lay Lords, for repeal of .^altTax, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry, 
for reduction of Influence of the Crown. Did not vote for ahy 
popular motion in 1821 ; nor, 1822, for reduction of Army. 

Lindsay, Lord, IVigan, a Major of Dragoons, son of the Earl of Balcarras. 
Votes with Ministers. 

Lindsay, Hon. Hugh, Forfar, ifc. Marshal to the Admiralty, and an East- 
India Director; brother to the Earl of Balcarras. Voted always with 
the Treasury ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. Lindsay's constituents 
are five in number. 

Lyttleton, Edward John, Staffordshire, married a daughter of Marquis 
Wellesley. Voted for reduction of one Postmaster and two Lay Lords. 
Did not vote, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, 
for Reform ; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of Crown, 
for Reform, for repeal of Salt or Window Fax ; against Alien Bill, ditto 
the Swiss mission. 

Lloyd, Sir Edward Price, Flintshire. Voted for reduction of Lav Lords 
and Postmaster, ditto Influence of the Crown, ft>r Civil-List inquiry, 
for I'epeal of Salt Tax ; against young Wynn ; for Reform. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Lloyd, James M. Neiv Shoreham. Voted, 1821, for Mr. Lumbton's Par- 
liamentary Reform; 1822, nil. 
Lockhart, William E. Selkirkshire, son-in-law of Sir Walter Scott; an 
Advocate of the Scotch bar. Votes always with the Treasury, except 
that he supported reduction of one Postmaster on secondt and opposed 
it on first division. 
Lockhart, Joiin Ingram, Oxford, a banister. Voted for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. 
Did not vote for any other question of reduction, reform, or 
Long, Right Hon. SirCharles, Haslemere, Lord of the Bedchamber, ^2000, 
pension on the A\ per cent. Leeward Islands ^1500; Joint-Pay- 
master of the Forces, Official Lord of Trade, Commissioner for erecting 
National monuments. Director of Greenwich Hospital. His wife, who 
is niece of the Earl of Bridgewater, is to receive a pension of ,£700 on 
the death of her husband. 

Long's votes need not be enumerated, he is one of the team of 
EIGHTY-NINE. Haslemcre is a rotten borough in Surrey, where the 
right of voting is in sixty-four freeholds, forty of which belong to Lord 
Lonsdale; the remaining twenty-four belong to Lord Gwyder. The 
late Earl of Lonsdale, not choosing to trust the inhabitants with the con- 
veyance of the freeholds, sent forty of his colliers from his coal-pits, 
bu'ilt cottages for them, and allowed them half-a-guinea per week; all 
the return expected was, that these black gentlemen should elect whom 
he pleased. The A\ per cent, duties, before explained, are levied in 
certain West-India islands, for the repairs of the fortifications ; but so 
large a portion of the money thus produced, has been given away in 
pensions to members of parliament, tiieir families and connexions, that 
enough is not left for that purpose, and last session an application 
was made to parliament to make up the deficiency. Mr.Creevy moved 
that the 4§ per cent, fund should be applied to tne objects for which it 
had been originally appropriated; but only twenty-two members 
supported the motion. 
Lopes, Sir Matthew, Westhury. This ill-treated individual will not soon 
be forgotten. When he attends, votes for Ministers ; against the Ca- 
tholic Peers' Bill. 
Lovaine, Lord, Beeralstone, son of the Earl of Beverly, brother-in-law of 
Stuart Wortley; Colonel of Militia, and Lord of the Bedchamber. 
One of the Treasury band of eighty-nine. Beeralstone is a rotten 
Devonshire borough, the number of electors, nominally, 40 poor cot- 
tagers; really, one only. The borough belonged to the Duke of 
Northumberland, who left it by will to his second son, the present 
Earl of Beverly, who put in Lovaine and Jocelyn Percy. The Beverly 
(Percy) family are pretty numerous in their ramifications. — Their real 
name is Smithson, changed to Percy as more ancient and honourable. 
Lowther, John Henry, Cockerinouth, brother of the Member for Cum!)er- 
land, and nephew of the Earls of Lonsdale and Westmoreland. Voted 
always with the Treasury ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Lowther, John, Cumberland, brother to the Earl of Lonsdale, and brother-in- 
law to the Earl of Westmoreland. Voted ditto. 
Lowther, Henry Cecil, Westmoreland, a Lieutenant-Colonel of a regimcBt 


Keii to the Lower House. 

of foot ; second son of Earl Lonsdale, and brother-in-law of the Earl of 
Harborough. Votes witli the Treasury. 
Lowther, Lord Viscount, Westnioreland, son of Earl Lonsdale; Lord of the 
Treasury, and Commissioner for the affairs of India, and Director of 
Greenwich Hospital ; one of the Treasury band of eighty-nine. The 
county of Westmoreland is as much under the influence of the Earl 
of Lonsdale as any of his rotten boroughs. Lonsdale is the primate of 
boroughmongers, and influences or sends nine members. The two 
families of Westmoreland and Lonsdale receive upwards of ^65,000 a 
year from Church and State. 
Lloyd, Samuel Jones, Hijthe. Voted against reduction of one Postmaster. 
Lucy, George, Foivey. Always for Ministers, except that he supported 

reduction of one Postmaster. 
Lushington, Stephen Rumbold, Canterbury, related to Lord Ellenborough ; 
Joint-Secretary to the Treasury ; brother to Sir Henry Lushington who 
is Consul at Naples ; son-in-law of Lord Harris; a relation Master of 
the Crown-Oflke. Voted against the Catholic Peers' Bill. The 
electors of Canterbury are about 1500, and might be independent, not- 
withstanding the influence of the Government and theChurcli; a sort 
of compromise, however, takes place — Government nominating one 
candidate, and the freemen the other. The Ellenborough family is 
yet young in the peerage, and only shares o£jO,000, and the Harris's 
about <i'4000. 
Lushington? Stephen, Ilchester, a Doctor in Doctors' Commons, and cousin 
of the last Member. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal 
of Six Acts, for Mr, Lambton's reform; 1822, for reduction of Lay 
Lords and one Postmaster, for Sir R. Wilson, for lleform, for Civil-List 
inquiry, for reduction of Influence of the Crown, ditto of Army ; 
against Alien Bill. 

Lord Huntingtower's actions against two electors of the rotten borough 
of Ilchester under the Bribery Act at tiie last Somerset Assizes, having 
excited attention, we shall as briefly as possible olfer a few remarks on 
the subject. We learn from Oldlield that tiie iioiises in Ilchester were 
bought, in 17S4, by Mr. Harcourt, who sold them to Mr. Troward, an 
attorney, who sold them to his partner, Mr. Wallis, who bequeathed 
them to Colonel Bayley, who sold tiiem to Lord Huntingtower, the 
present proprietor. Here we see the way in which the houses, or, more 
properly, the franchises of the borough descended to the present pos- 
sessor ; they were sold, and bequeathed, and sold again, till at last they 
became by purchase the property of Lord Huntingtower. 

In 1802, a majority of the voters were bribed, with ^30 a man, to 
vote against tiie proprietor, tlieir master and owner. This caused the 
trialandconviction of the notorious Alexander DAVisoti .the defaulter, 
and his agents, who were sentenced, by the Court ot King's Bench, in 
1804, to ONE year's imprisonment. The projirietor, to prevent a 
s'nnWav fraud at a future election, pulled down about 240 houses, and 
built a large workhouse for the reception of the electors. He then let 
the workhouse to tiie parish, which disqualified the inmates from voting, 
though none of them received parish aid. in this place, in great 
misery, the refractory voters resided till 1818, when, to be revenged of 
the parish and the sixty yet remaining elector S'fo iretuining two members 


Key to the Lower House. 

in opposition to his wish, he caused above 160 of the people in his work- 
house to be turned into the highways in the most inclement season of 
the year. Some of the women were on the eve of lying in, others 
were' at the most advanced periods of life, and several were infants in 
arms. In this deplorable situation they had no refuge but under a few 
hurdles covered with straw, by the side of the turnpike-road, where 
their poverty and distress compelled them to remain for the rest of the 
winter. Having thus purchased up all the houses and all the land in 
the borough, he thought he might do what he pleased with his ozvn; 
but his conduct towards the inhabitants, who still possessed votes, was 
such that submission became impracticable, and, upon the interference 
of Mr. Merist and his friend, nearly all the electors polled against his 
relations, Arthur and Lionel Manners, and were, as they expected, 
turned out of their houses. The rector, however, leased his glebe 
land to Mr. Merist, upon which he built houses for their accommo- 
dation. The corporation also contrived to let some borough land to 
Mr. Merist for four lives, and he may build as many more houses as 
he pleases. By these contrivances. Lord Huntingtower lost the sove- 
reignty of llchester, and was in fact disseized of his property. 
To be revenged in some measure, he employed his attorney, who, 
under some pretence or other, extorted from an elector, that he had, in 
September, 18'20, received £'60 under the name of "horse, radish" for 
his vote to the opposite candidates. On this ground his Lordship 
brought his actions and succeeded in recovering the penalties of of 300 
from each defendant. 

Such is the bribery of the rotten borough of llchester. — It is a 
picture of abuse, cruelty, tyranny, corruption, and hypocricy, all 
necessarily flowing from the Borough System. No one can deny 
the right of Lord Huntingtower to pull down his houses; no one can 
deny his cruelty and tyranny in the exercise of that right ; no one can 
doubt his hypocricy ; he whose name was, till lately, Sir IFilliavi 
Manners, of the Rutland family — a family, who, with their allies, the 
Beaufort and Hurroivhys, put sixty votes into the House — who barter 
borough patronage for Places, Sinecures, and Pensions — Speakerships, 
Irish Chancellorships, Archbishoprics, Military Appointments, Colonial 
Governments, and such like good things ; — no one, we say, can doubt 
the hypocricy of a man so connected — commencing prosecutions for 
bribery; neither can any one doubt the corruption of the electors, 
who were always ready to sell themselves to the highest bidder ; or 
doubt the mockery of justice in punishing Davison for buying the 
voters, while the sale of the candidates is as " notorious as the sun at 
noon-day:" lastly, no one can doubt the hypocricy of those who 
declaim against the practices of Huntingtower and Lopes, yet never 
lift their voices against the System of which these practices are the 
necessary and unavoidable accompaniments. 

Luttrell, John Fownes, Minehead, a relation of Lord Carhampton, and 
Clerk of the Pipe in Ireland. "Voted, 1821, against Reform; 1822, 
against reduction of one Postmaster ; for reduction of Lay Lords, for 
repeal of Salt Tax. 

Lygon, Hon. Henry B. Worcestershire, Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, 
and Major in the first regiment of Life Guards ; brother to the Earl of 
Beauchamp. Voted for reduction of Lay Lords ; against the Catiiolic 


Key to the Lower House. 

Peers' Bill. The predominant interest in IVorcestershire is Lord 
Foley and Lord Beaucliamp, who have nominated the member for the 
last nine parliaments. 

Maberly, John, Abingdon, late Army Contractor. Voted, 1821, for 
Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts, for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 
1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, 
for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill, 
ditto young VVynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System ; for 
Civil-List inquiry, for reduction of Influence of the C-rown, for repeal 
of Window I'ax. Did not vote for reduction of Army. 

Maberly, William L. Northampton, son of the last Member; a Captain in 
the Army. Voted, 1821, for both motions on Reform, for Manchester 
inquiry; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, 
ditto one Postmaster, for repeal of Salt and Window Tax ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System. Did not 
VOTE for repeal of Six Acts, for Civil-List inquiry, for Sir R. Wilson. 

Macdonald, James, Calne, Clerk of the Privy Seal; his father. Sir Arciiibald, 
has a pension ; he has a brother-in-law with two church livings ; he is 
son-in-law of the Earl of Albemarle, and nephew of the Marquis of 
Staftbrd. Voted, 1821, for repeal o{ Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, 
for Lonl J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for Reductions, for repeal of Salt 
Tax, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry; against Alien Bill, ditto 
Influence of the Crown. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's reform, 
nor, last session, for reduction of Army. Calne is a rotten borough in 
Wiltshire, the whole number of voters is seventeen. The Marquis of 
Lansdown returns Macdonald. 

Mackintosh, Sir James, Knaresborough, brother-in-law of Daniel Stewart, 
Esq. proprietor of the Courier, and of Peter Stewart, formerly propri- 
etor of the Oracle, and late Consul at Havre de Grace ; father-in-law of 
Sir William Wiseman, lately made a master and commander. A 
Donald Mackintosh is Consul of New Hampshire in the United States. 
The Member was five years Recorder of Bombay, w ith a salary of 
e£3000 a year, and retired with a pension of ^1200 a year for life from 
the East-India Company. Voted, 1821, for both motions on Reform, 
for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts; 1822, for reduction of 
Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for Civil- 
List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Influence of 
the Crown. Did not vote for reduction of Army; against Irish 
Tithe System ; for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 

Sir James is one of the five Whig Members returned by the Duke 
of Devonshire, and one of the few eloquent speakers now in the House. 
His best ettort, in our opinion, last session, was his reply to the strange 
conceit of Mr. Peel on Sir F. Burdetl's motion for an address to tiie Crown 
for the liberation of Mr. Hunt. On that occasion the Member for 
Oxford had tiie audacity to set himself in opposition to a vote of the 
House, and to avow his determination not to recommend any abate- 
ment in the punishment of Mr. Hunt, though an address lor that pur- 
pose should be carried. In the reply, however, of Sir James, he must 
have felt his pride mortified, his insolence chastised, his folly exposed, 
— and we have been told that, during the time this saasonble 
punishment was administered, he bit his lips in an agony of sliame and 
conscious humiliation. Sir James maintains with ability the principles 


Key to the Lower House. 

of liberty in his speeches ; but he never says a word on Parliamentary 
Reform, which is the only test of sincerity, and without which the 
rest is mere pedantry and ostentation. 
Mackenzie, Thomas, Rosshire. Never attends. 

M'Naughten, E. A. Orford, Lord of the Treasury; two relations in 
India. Votes against the Catholic Peers' Bill. The late Castlereagh 
was M'Naughten's colleague for the rotten borough of Orford in 
the County of Suffolk. This excrescence, as Lord Chatham called 
it, was, some years ago, sotd by the executors of Viscount Hereford 
to the Marquis of Hertford. The family of Hertford are very 
numerous and all well provided for at the public expense, to the tune 
of ^34,000 a year and upwards. The Marquis and Marchioness were 
some time ago close friends of the King. 
Macqueen, Thomas P. East Looe, son of Doctor Macqueen, formerly of the 
East-Indies. Macqueen is Commander of the Bedfordshire yeomanry, 
and in the late return of sums paid for the yeomanry of Great Britain, 
in 1821, the yeomanry charge for the county of Bedford for ordinary 
services and the suppression of riots, is £\ObH. This charge appearing 
very extraordinary, considering the smallness of the county of Bedford, 
and that no one ever heard of any rioting, many thought it a mere job, 
intended indirectly to remunerate Macqueen for permanent duty in the 
Lower House, and to make up his loss of rents, in consequence of the 
late glorious war and the victory of Waterloo. 
Madocks, William Alexander, Cliippenhain. Voted for inquiry into the 

Manchester transaction. 
Magennis, R. Enniskillen, brother-in-law of the Earl of Enniskillen. Always 

for Ministers; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Mahon, Hon. Stephen, Roscommonshire, a Major-General and Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the 7th Dragoon Guards ; his brother. Lord Hartland, a 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Dragoons ; another, Maurice, in the Irish 
church. Voted for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for reduction of Post- 
master on second division, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young 
Manners, Lord C. Somerset, Cambridgeshire, Colonel in the Army, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in the 3d Dragoons, and Aid-de-Camp to the King. 
Voted against reduction of one Postmaster, against qualification of the 
Catholic Peers. 
Manners, Lord Robert, Leicestershire, brother of the last subject, and of the 
Duke of Rutland; a Lieutenant-Colonel of Dragoons. 

The Duke of Rutland puts four Members into the Lower House. 
His cousin, the Archbishop of Canterbury, has one hundred and seventy- 
six livings in his gift, besides an archdeaconry and three prebends. It 
is impossible to state accurately all the sums drawn by the Rutland 
family in its various ramifications from Church znA State ; the follow- 
ing may be considered an approximation : 

The archiepiscopal revenues, exclusive of patronage, . . £S5,000 

Arclibishop'.s son, Speaker of the Lower House 6000 

Another son, Lieulenant-Colonel in the Guards 800 

A daughter married Percy, a son of the Earl of Beverly, 

which family shares about 15,000 

Another daughter married a Croft, who has three church 

livings, and is Prebend of Ely, with about 3000 


Key to the Lower House. 

A nepliew lias two church livings ^1000 

Duke of Rutland Colonel of Militia 1000 

The Duke's brother, Charles, M. P. for Cambridgeshire S!,5t)0 

His brother Kobcrt, M. P. lor Leicestershire 1000 

Georpe Planners, an illef:^itmmte relation, appointed Consul 

at Pioston, in America, by Castlereagh 2000 

Manners (Baron) cousin to the Duke, and brother to the 

Archbishop, Lord Ciiaucellor of Ireland, about .... '20,000 
A sister of the Chancellor married a Lockwood, who has 

three church livings 1500 


Manning, William, Lijmington, a Merchant and Banker in London, and a 
Bank Director. Voted, 1821, 1822, always for Ministers. 

Mansfield, John, Leicester. Voted, 1821, against Keform ; 1822, for 
reduction of Lay Lords; against qualification of the Catholic Peers. 

Marjoribanks, Sir John, Berwickshire, a Banker and Partner in the house 
"of Coutts, who are Agents to the Royal Bank of Scotland. No trace 
of attendance. 

Marjoribanks, Stewart, Hijthe, brother of the last subject, and partner of 
Paxton, wine-merchant ; a brother. Chairman of East-India Company. 
Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt 
Tax, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto 
Alien Bill; for repeal of Window lax. Did not vote for the popu- 
lar motions of 1821 nor 1822, for Sir R. Wilson, for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. 

Markliam, John, Portsmouth, an Admiral. Voted for Reform, for reduc- 
tion of one Postmaster on second division. 

Marryatt, Joseph, Sandivich, a Merchant in London, and Agent for the 
Islands of Grenada and I'rinidad. Voted for recluction of Postmaster 
and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
flg-flmsi Swiss mission. Did not vote for popular motions of 1821 
nor 1822, against Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto Influence 
of the Crown. 

Martin, Sir Thomas Byron, Plymouth, Comptroller of the Navy, and an 
Admiral ; one of the band of eighty-nine. Against (lualilication of 
the Catholic Peers. Plymouth is an Admiralty borough, of which 
the King, while Prince of Wales, was Recorder. 

Martin, Richard, Galivayshirc. Always for Ministers. 

Martin, .lames, Tewkesbury, a Banker in London, and, we believe, not 
related to the Irish member. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, 
for both motions on Reform, for repeal of Six Jets; 1822, for reduction 
of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Keform, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for reduction 
of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. 

Maule, William Robert, Forfarshire, brother of the Earl of Dalhousie. 
Voted for Reform ; against Alien Bill ; for reduction of Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown, ditto Postmaster and Lay Lords. 

Maxwell, Sir H. IVigtonshire, returned, in August, in room of the late Mr. 

Maxwell, John, Renfrewshire, eldest son of Sir John Maxwell. Voted, 
18C1, for both motions on Reform, for Manchester inquiry; 1822, 


Key to the Lower House. 

against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduc- 
tion of Influence of Crown, ditto Army, ditto two Lords of Admiralty. 
Maxwell, John Waring, Downpatrick. Voted for Reform, for reduction 
of one Postmaster on second division ; against Catholic Peers' Bill ; 
for repeal of Window Tax. 
Milbank, Mark, Camelford, son-in-law of the Earl of Darlington. Voted, 
1821, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of one 
Postmaster, ditto Influence of Crown ; against Alien Bill, ditto 
Swiss mission ; for repeal of Window Tax. Did not vote, 1821, 
for either motion on Reform, for repeal of Si^ Acts; 1822, for reduc- 
tion of Lay Lords, ditto Army, for Civil-List inquiry. 

Milbank is one of the eight representatives of Lord Darlington. 
It is declared to be " a high infringement upon the liberties and privi- 
leges of the Commons for any Lord of Parliament to concern them- 
selves in tiie election of Members ;" in contempt of this ordinance, 
FOUR PEERS, Norfolk, Lonsdale, Darlington, and Fitzwilliam, do not 
merely " concern themselves in the election," but absolutely put in 
THIRTY-TWO Members ! 
Milding, Pauiet St. John, fVinchester, brother-in-law of Lord Folkestone; 
his wife niece to Lord Radnor. His name not on any division in 1821 
or 1822. 
Miles, Philip John, Westbury, a West-India Merchant. Always with the 

Miles is returned by Sir Matthew Lopes, of bribery notoriety. A 
curious story is related of Lopes's liberation from imprisonment: it 
is said he threatened to put two Radicals into the Collective Wisdom; 
upon which a Mr. Fortune was sent down to Exeter with a free pardon 
and remission of the remainder of the sentence, if he would give Mi- 
nisters the nomination of two seals ; but the cunning old Jew swore that 
he would not give up the nomination, which was worth ^10,000. 
Fortune made a second trip, and it was agreed to split the difference, to 
give up one seat, and retain the other. 
Mills, Charles, IFarxvick. Voted against reduction of one Postmaster. 
Milton, Viscount, Yorkshire, son of Earl Fitzwilliam, and son-in-law of 
Lord Dundas. Voted, 1821, for both motions on Reform, for Man- 
chester Inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 182S, for Reform. His Lord- 
ship seldom attended last Session, and his name is not on the lists for the 
reduction of the Army, the Influence of the Crown, the two Lords of 
Admiralty, against the Alien Bill, nor for repeal of Salt and Window 
Taxes. This non-attendance on the part of his Lordship is ascribed to 
domestic causes. 
Mitchel, John, Kingston-on-HuU, a West-India planter. Voted for 
reduction of two Lords of Admiralty ; against qualification of the Ca- 
tholic Peers. 
Monck, John Berkeley, Reading, a barrister. Voted, 1821, for both 
motions on Reform, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 
1822, for Sir R.Wilson, for reduction of Postmaster on second division, 
ditto Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; against Alien Bill, ditto 
Irish Tithe System, for Civil- List inquiry, for Mr. Wyvill's motion ; 
against young Wynn ; for repeal of Window Tax. 
Money, William T. St. Michael, an India Director, and elder brother of 
the Trinitv House. Votes always with the Treasury. 



Keij Ifl the Loiirr House. 

Monteith, Henry, Peebles. Sfc. When lie attends, votes for Ministers. 
Montgomery, Sir James, Peebleshirc, Presenter of signatures in the Exche- 
quer of Scotland. No trace of attendance. 
Montgomery, James, Ayrsldre, a Lieutenant-General and Colonel of the 

74th Foot. Votes always with Ministers. 
Moore, Peler, Coventry, late of the East-Indies. Voted, 1821, for Manchester 
inciuiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; UVl^Z, for re<luction of Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown, ditto one Postmaster and the I^y Lords, ditto 
of tlve India Commissioners, for Sir R. Wilson, for Civil-List inquiry; 
against young W'ynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. Did 
NOT voTK, 18'21, for Mr. Lambton's reform, for repeal of Six Acts ; 
1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion ; against Irish 
Tithe System. 
Morgan, Sir Charles G. MonmouiJishlre , has a son-in-law Lieutenant- 
Colonel in the Army, and Captain of the Coldstream Guards. Votes 
with the Treasury. 
Morgan, George Gould, Brecon, son of the last member. For Ministers 

always; against ciualification of Catholic Peers. 
Morland, Sir Scrope B. St. Maivcs, a BankcT in Pall-Mall ; his son, Francis, 
Joint-Agent of Invalids; his son, Richard, a Lieutenant of Horse in 
India ; a son-in-law Captain in a foot regiment ; has a nephew with a 
church living ; another nephew Captain in the Navy, anil he married 
the daughter of Robert Price, Prebendary of Durham, who has a son 
Chancellor of the Diocese of Durham, The Member has a sister, 
whose hvisband has a church living, and who has a son-in-law with a 
<hurch living ; another sister whose husband has two livings, and is a 
Prebenilary of Salisbury. Votes always with the Treasury. 
Mostyn, Sir Thomas, Flintshire. Voted for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; 

against young Wynn ; for reduction of Influence of the Crown. 
Mountcharles, Earl, Donegalshire, son of the Marquis Conyngham, who is 
General in the Army ; his brother, Lord Frederick, Master of tlu" 
Robes to the King; his uncle Colonel of Militia in Ireland, and 
Lieutenant-Governor of Lower Canada. When the Member attends, 
votes with Ministers; against the Catholic Peers' (jualification. 
Munday, Edward Miller, Derbyshire, has a son a Major-General ; another 
a Captain in the Navy ; he is father-in-law to the Duke of Newcastle. 
Voted against qualilication of Catholic Peers; otherwise an Absentee. 
Munday, George, lioroughbridge, son of the last man, and brother-in-law 
of the Duke of Newcastle ; Captain in the Navy. Votes with the 
Treasury ; qualification of the Catholic Peers. 

Munday is one of the five representatives of the Duke of Newcastle. 
Resides the boroughs, the Duke's family, in its various branches, draws 
upwards of nineteen thousand a year from Church and State. 
Musgrove, Sir Philip, Fetcrsfield. N'oted against reduction of one Post- 
master; for reduction of Lav Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against 
qualification of the Catholic I'eers. 
Neale, Sir Harry Burrard, Lymington, a Vice-Admiral, Groom of the 
Bedchamber, Riding Forester of New Forest. His brother, the Rev. 
George Burrard, is a pluralist, and one of the King's Cha])lains. His 
sister, Lady Rooke, iias a pension; one of her sons is an officer in the 
Navy; another son in the East-Indies. She has a daughter marrietl to a 
General in the Portuguese service, who is Major in the English Army ; 


Key to the Lower Homt. 

and two daughters married to two Kingstons, one of whom is a Com- 
missioner of Stamps, and one has a birth in tlie Bank or India House. 
Admiral Bingham is Parson Binrard's father-in-law ; the Admiral has 
a son Lieutenant in the Navy. Charles Philip Burrard, cousin of 
Sir II. Neale, has a place in tiie Customs. And Lady Burrard, widow 
of the late General Burrard, has a pension ; one of her sons is Captain 
in the Guards. The Member votes always with the Ministers. 

Neville, Hon. Richard, Berkshire, son of Lord Braybroke, nephew of Lord 
Grenville, and son-in-law of Marquis Cornwallis. Voted for reduction 
of Postmaster and two Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List 

Lord Braybroke has been Provost Marshal of Jamaica, a sinecure, 
worth £5960 a year since 176'2 ; his son is Master of Maudlin College, 
of which the father is visiter, with a great income, and a church living 
worth ^4000. He is related to the Grenville, Abergavenny, and Dart- 
mouth families. 

Newman, Robert William, Exeter. Voted, 1321, for repeal of Six Jets, 
for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for reduction of one Postmaster 
and the Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for reduction of 
Army, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn. Did not vote 
for Manchester inquiry, for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 1822, against 
Alien Bill ; for reduction of Influence of the Crown, for repeal of 
Window Tax. 

Newport, Sir John, Waterford, late Chanchellor of the Irish Exchequer. 
Moved for inquiry into the Irish Tithe System. Voted, 1821, for 
both motions on Reform, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for reduction 
of Lay Lords and one Postmaster, ditto Influence of the Crown, for 
Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax, for 
the Catholic Peers' Bill. Did not vote for Manchester Inquiry, for 
reduction of Army. 

Newry, Viscount, Newry, son of the Earl of Kilmorey, who is a General and 
a Colonel of a regiment of Foot. The Member has a brother a Lieu- 
tenant in a regiment of Foot ; a brother-in-law with two church livings, 
who is brother to the Earl of Brownlow ; a sister married a brother of 
the Earl of Bradford. The Member is nephew to Lord Combermere, 
who is related to the Newcastle family. Votes always with Ministers; 
did not vote against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

NichoU, Sir John, Bedivyn, Principal of the Court of Arches, and Judge of 
the Prerogative Court of Canterbury ; a Lord of Trade and Plantations. 
His nephew is King's Proctor. Votes always with the Treasury; 
against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Nightingale, Sir Miles, Eye, related to the late Marquis Cornwallis ; Lieute- 
nant-General in the Army, and Colonel of a West-India regiment; late 
Chief Commander in India. Votes always with Ministers ; against 
the Catholic Peers' Bill ; for Irish Tithe System. 

Noel, Sir GerardNoel, Rutland, has a son in the Church ; another a Captain 
in the Navy ; a daughter married to a brother-in-law of Sir Thomas 
Acland, member for Devonshire. No trace of the Member voting in 
1821 or 1822. Did not vote for Manchester inquiry, for either 
motion on Reform, for repeal of Six Acts, for reduction of Influence of 
the Crown, ditto the Army ; agaijist Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe 
System, ditto the Swiss mission ; for repeal of Taxes or Reductions. 


Key to the Lower House, 

Nolan, Michael, Barnstaple, a Barrister, and lately made a King's Counsel. 
When he votes, which is seldom, it is with the Treasury. 

Normanby, Viscount, Higham Ferrars, son of Lord Mulgrave, and one of 
Earl Fitzwilliams's eight representatives in the People's House, Last 
session moved reduction of one Postmaster. Voted for reduction of 
Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List 
inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for Reform, for re- 
duction of Influence of the Crown. Did not vote for reduction of 
Army, for repeal of Window Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion ; against 
Irish Tithe System. 

Northey, William, Newport, a relation a Canon of Windsor, and has a 
living besides. Votes always with Ministers ; asrainst the Catholic 
Peers' Bill. "^ 

Nugent, Sir George, Buckingham, cousin to the Duke of Buckingham ; a 
General in the Army, Colonel of the 6th regiment of foot, and Governor 
of St. Mawes, Cornwall. Voted against reduction of one Postmaster. 

Nugent, Lord, Aylesbury, brother to the Duke of Buckingham, and 
nephew of Lord Grenville. Voted, 1821, for both motions on Re- 
form, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for 
reduction of Influence of the Crown, ditto Army, ditto of Lay Lords, 
and one Postmaster on second division, for Reform, for Sir R. Wilson, 
for Civil-List inquiry; against Alien Bill on second division; for repeal 
of Salt Tax. Did not vote against his relation Wynn's <£40()0 
Swiss mission ; for repeal of Window Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion ; 
against Irish Tithe System. 

O'Brien, Sir Edward, Clare. Votes for Ministers, except that he supported 
reduction of one Postmaster on second division. 

O'Callaghan, James, Tregony. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for Lord 
J. Russell's reform; 1822, for reduction of one Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for Sir R. Wilson, for Civil- 
List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. Did kot vote for repeal of Six 
Acts, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for repeal 
of Window Tax. 

O'Grady, Standish, Limcrickshire , Captain in the ISth Hussars. Voted 
for repeal of iSVr Acts ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords. 

O'Hara, Charles, Sligoshire, Governor of the County. No trace of atten- 
dance for the last three sessions. Died in September. 

Ommaney, Sir Francis, Barnstaple, Navy Agent in London. Voted for 
repeal of Salt Tax, otherwise for Ministers ; against the Catholic 
Peers' Bill. 

O'Neil, John Richard, Antrim, brother of Earl O'Neil ; Colonel in the 
Army, Captain in the Coldstream Guards, and Constable of the Castle 
of Dublin. Votes, wlien he attends, for Ministers. 

Onslow, Arthur, Guildford, a King's Serjeant, and Recorder of this Borough ; 
a relation of Lord Onslow ; married a widow of Admiral Drake. 
Another Onslow Dean of Worcester ; another brother an Admiral. Voted 
against Mr. Lambton's Parliamentary Reform, ditto repeal of Six Acts ; 
1822, against reduction of one Postmaster, ditto oualilication of the 
Catholic Peers. Guildford is a rotten corporation borough in Surrey, 
containing about 170 voters. Interest in the families of Grantley and 
the Onslows, and is maintained inincipally by government-influence, 
and piitronage. It is a pretty sink of inicjuity, and ncll represented. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Ord,Wi\\hm, Morpeth. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for Lord 
J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, 
for Reform, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill. Did not vote for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; against Irish Tithe System. 

Oxmantown, Lord, King's County. No trace of attendance in the last 
THREE sessions. 

Osborn, Sir John, fFigton, Lord of the Admiralty. One of the Treasury 
phalanx ; against qualification of the Catholic Peers. Osborn is put in 
by FOUR delejfates of the town council of VVigton : Patrons, Duke of 
Buccleugh, Marquis of Queensbury, and Earl of Hopetown. 

Osborne, Lord F. G. Cambridgeshire, brother of the Duke of Leeds, and 
brother-in-law of Lord Auckland. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
Lord J. Russell's reform, for reduction of one Postmaster on second 
division, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn. Did not 
VOTE for repeal of Six Acts, for Mancliester inquiry ; 1822, for reduc- 
tion of Lay Lords, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Armv; against 
Irish Tithe System. 

Ossulston, Lord, Benvick, son of the Earl of Tankerville. Voted for 
Manchester inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for reduction 
of Postmaster, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform. 
Did not vote for the popular motions of 1821 nor 1822, for reduc- 
tion of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against Alien Bill. 

Owey, Sir John, Pembrokeshire. Voted for repeal of Salt Tax ; against 
qualification of the Catholic Peers. 

Paget, Hon. Berkeley, Milbourne Port, a Lord of the Treasury ; his son 
a page to the King ; brother of the Marquis of Anglesea. One of the 
Treasury phalanx. Milbourne Port is the property of the Marquis of 
Anglesea, who puts in his brother and brother-in-law. Lord Graves, who 
has also a son page to the King. The Pagets draw about .^11,000 a 
year from ChurcTi and State. 

Paget, Hon. Sir Charles, Carnarvon, a Captain in the Navy ; brother to 
the last Member. Against qualification of the Catholic Peers. 

Packenham, Robert, Westmeath County, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Army, and in the Portuguese service ; brother to the Earl of Longford, 
and brother-in-law to the Waterloo Duke. Always with Ministers; 
did not vote against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Palk, Sir Lawrence, Ashburton, related to the Marquis of Hertford. When- 
ever he attended, voted for Ministers ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Palmer, Charles F. Reading, son-in-law of the Duke of Gordon; his wife 
has a pension. Voted, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester 
inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
reduction of one Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for 
Reform, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien 
Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's 
reform ; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. 

Palmer, Charles, Bath, Aid-de-Camp to the King, Colonel, on half-pay, 22d 
Light Dragoons. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for 
reduction of one Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, 
for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; aaainst young Wynn, ditto Alien 
Bill, ditto Influence of the Crown. Did not vote, 1821, for repeal 


Key to the Lower Haitsc. 

of Six Acts, for either motion on Reform ; 1822, for reduction of 
Army. The representation of Bath is as much a farce as that of Old 
Sarum. The return is made by the close corporation of thirty persons. 
The Marquis of Rath nominates his brother, and Palmer nominates 
himself to represent this loyal corporation. Palmer's father received 
immense sums of the public money on account of some services to the 
Palmerston, Viscount, Cambridge University, Secretary at War; his 
brother, William, Secretary of Legislation at Stockholm. Voted 
«g-RZ«5^ qualification of the Catholic Peers. The right of election in 
the University is in the Doctors ami Masters of Arts, who keep a steady 
eye on the patronage of the Treasury in the exercise of their franchises. 
In 1806, Lord Henry Petty was Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the 
votes were as follows : 

Lord Henry Petty, 331: — Lord Althorp, 144: — Lord Palmerston, 

In 1807, Lord H. Petty was out of office, when the learned Doctors 
and Keverend Masters voted as under : 

Euston, 324:— Gibbs, 316 :— Palmerston, 310:— Petty, 265. 
Palmerston being still in office, is returned of course. 
Pares, Thomas, Leicester, a Barrister, and liis fother a Banker at Leicester. 
Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform; 1822, for reduction of 
Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform, for 
Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. Did not vote for repeal of 
Sz2' ^cis, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto 
Inlluence of the Crown ; against the Swiss mission. 
Parnell, Sir Henry, Queen's County, brother-in-law of the Earl of Portal 
lington, his father many years in office in Ireland. Voted for reduc- 
tion of Lay Lords of Admiralty, otherwise an absentee in 1821 and 
1822. Formerly this Member was laudably active in questions of 
economy, but latterly he has abandoned the field to Mr. Hume. 
Paxton, VViliiam Gill, Ptympton. Always for Ministers; against qualifica- 
tion of the Catholic Peers. 
Pearse, John, Devizes, a Director of the Bank of England, and a great 
Army Tailor. Voted, 1821, a gai ?is t Reiorm ; 1822, flgfl/ns/ quali- 
fication of the Catholic Peers. 
Pechell, Sir Thomas, Downton, his son a Captain in the Navy; has a 
nephew in Intlia with a place ; liis brother, till lately, was a Receiver- 
General, which post he had filled tor nearly 30 yeai-s. The Member 
himself was a Major-General in the Army, and was Gentleman Usher 
to the late Queen, on whose trial his son gave evidence. The Re- 
ceiver-General's daughter married a Jenkinson. Votes always for Mi- 
iiistei-s ; against qualification of Catholic Peers. — Downton is a rotten 
borough in IVilts, which, in fact, has no electors ; the Members are 
returned by tvventv-one persons appointed for the purpose. The 
Earl of Radnor is sole proprietor of this borough. The Radnor 
(liouvcrie) family get among them i? 12,000 a year, and the Pechell's 
relatives are most of them handsomely provided in the same way. 
Peel, Roljert, Oxford University, Secretary of State. The right of elec- 
tion is the same in Oxford as in Cambridge. Christ-Church College 
possesses as much inlhuncc as all the other twenty-four Colleges toge- 
ther ; and Chriol-Churth nomiiuitcs Mr. Peel. 


Key to tlie Lower House. 

Peel, William Yates, Tamworth, brother of the last Member ; son-in-law 
of the Earl of Mount-Cashel ; has a brother-in-law in the Church. 
Votes always with the l^easury ; against the Catholic Peers' Bill. 

The following biographical notice of the Peel family is from an 
Evening Paper : 

It is said that Sir Robert Peel, the father of Mr. Peel, is possessed of property 
to the amount of above a million. Like Sir Richard Arkwright, his origin in lite 
was very liunible. lu process of time Sir Robert became possessed of a calico- 
printing establishment at Bury, near Manchester, in the business of wliich he was 
very ably assisted by his partner, a Mr. William Yates, who died some years since, 
much respected on account of his excellent character. Sir Robert added to tliis 
printing establishment two others — one at a place called Ramsbottom, near Bury, 
and another at the Town of Tamworth. During many years of the war with 
France, when England comparatively monopolized the manufactures and com- 
merce of Europe, Sir Robert, it is sa'id, had that branch of business so much to 
himself, (indeed it was then in its infancy, in comparistm to what it is now, as to 
the quantity produced,) that he printed as many as 100,000 pieces of calico in 
tlie course of every year, for several years; on which at that time, he obtained, 
it is said, a clear profit of a guinea each piece ; thus realizing, for many years, 
for himself and his partners, 100,000 guineas |>er annum. That particular species 
of goods at that period was so scarce, that the buyers used actually to scramble 
for thera, even at the enormous profit Sir Robert and his partners were realizing. 
The case is now materially altered ; for, owing to tlie introduction of machinery, 
the process of printing is so easy, in comparison with what it was twenty years 
since, tliat where there was then about one piece produced, there are now probably 
twenty. The consequence is, that the profit on each piece is reduced in nearly 
a similar proportion. Sir Robert is now out of trade altogether. 

Old Peel was returned for the borough of Tamworth in 1790, and 
has been a strenuous supporter of the Pitt system ; the ruinous tendency 
of which it was hardly possible he should perceive while realising such 
immense wealtli amidst the factitious prosperity it created. In 1797, 
the firm of Peel and Yates subscribed ^10,000 for the prosecution of 
the ivar ; and, in 1801, Sir Robert was made a baronet as a reward for 
\\\<s public services. He is, also, author of some political pamphlets; 
one entitled, " the National Debt productive of National Prosperity." 

Peirse, Henry, Northallerton, father-in-law of Admiral Sir John Beresford, 
brother of the late Chief of Portugal. The Member's wife is a relation 
of Lord Monsoji. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform, for 
Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, 
for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn. Did not 
VOTE for repeal of Six Acts, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of 
the Crown ; against Alien Bill. 

Peiham, Charles, Lincolnshire, son of Lord Yarborough. An idle county 
member. Did not vote on any division, except for Reform, and 
reduction of one Postmaster on second division. 

Pellew, Pownall Bastard, Launceston, a Captain in the Navy; eldest son 
of Lord Exmouth ; a cousin a Prussia Commissioner ; a brother of 
the Member, who is son-in-law of Lord Sidmouth, has the valuable 
living of Sutton, in Yorkshire, supposed to be worth o£'4000 a year, 
and has just been appointed a prebendary at Canterbury, in room of 
Dr. Coombe. Votes with Ministers; rtgamy^ the Catholic Peers' Bill. 
— Launceston is a rotten Cornish borough, having fifteen votes. By the 
side of this small town is Newport, which also sends two members, both 
places forming one parish, both are the property of the Duke of Nor- 


Key to the Lower House. 

thumberland. His attorney is Recorder of Neivport &ud manager of 
the boroughs. The Sidmouth and Exmouth family connexions get 
upwards of ,f 37,000 among tiiem. 
Pennant, George Henry Dawkins, Romney, brother of the Dawkins's who 
have so many offices, and related to the Duke of Newcastle ; married 
a niece of Earl Radnor. Votes with the Treasury ; against the Catholic 
Pennuldock, John H. JVilton. Always for Ministers, except that he sup- 
ported reduction of the Lay Lords. 
Percy, William H. Stainford, son of the Earl of Beverly; Captain in tiie 
Navy. Voted against qualiiication of the Catholic Peers. — Stamford 
is the pro]5erty of the Marquis of Exeter, who nominates whom he 
pleases. For many years his attorney was one of the members. 

Percy, Henry, Beeralston, cousin to the Duke of Northumberland ; Captain 
in the Navy. If he ever attended, voted for Ministers. 

Phillimore, Joseph, 6"^. Mawes, Commissioner of Board of Controul, Professor 
of Civil Law, Chancellor of the Diocese of Oxford, and Prussian Com- 
missioner. Two Pbillimores with fonr church livings. Voted, 1821, 
against Reform ; 1822, against qualification of Catholic Peers — Seepage 
128, for account of the learned Doctor's sale with the Grenvilles. 
St. Maiues is a rotten borough in Cornwall. The inhabitants consist of a 
few fishermen who live in a row of huts fronting the sea; they, how- 
ever, do not make the election, but the Duke of Buckingham, to whom 
the place belongs, creates, on the day of election, a few electors for the 
purpose of returning the members. It has no corporation nor officers of 
any sort, and it is a standing joke, as expressing contempt, to ask, on 
u/iick side the Mayor lives ? 

Phillips, George, IFotlon Basset, a manufacturer in Lancashire. Voted, 
1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, forReform ; 1822, 
for reduction of one Postmaster and two Lay Lords, for Reform, for 
Civil-List inquiry. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 
against Alien Bill, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the 

Phillips, George Richard, Steyning, son of the last Member. Voted ditto. 

Phipps, Edmund, Scarborough, brother of the Earl of Mulgrave; Clerk of 
the J^eliveries of the Ordnance ; a General and Colonel-Commandant 
of the Goth regiment. On(> of the phalanx of eighty-nine. Scar- 
horough is a rotten corporation-borough in Yorkshire ; the corpora- 
tion consists of two baiiil'i's, two governors, four chamberlains, and 
thirty-six Inirgesses, making the whole number of voters forty- 
four. The patrons are the Duke of Rutland and Lord Mulgrave ; 
the former Peer returning his relation, the Speaker of the House, for 
his representative. — See Manners. 

Pitt, Joseph, Cricklade, a Banker at Cirencester. ^'oTED, 1821, against 
Reform ; 1822, against reduction of one Postmaster, ditto qualification 
of the Catholic Peers. 

Pitt, William Morton, Dorsetshire, brother-in-law of Lord Gambler; father- 
in-law of the Earl of Romney ; and cousin to Lord Rivers. Lord 
Gambler has a brotlier a Captain in the Navy ; his sister's husband. Dr. 
Ironmonger, three livings; a nephew three livings; his cousin a 
Consul in the Netherlands ; his mother a pension. Lord Rivers (Pitt) 
was Lord of the Bedchamber a great many years. A dame, Mary 


Key to the Lower House. 

Pitt, has a pension. Lord Romneifs brother is a Canon of Windsor, 
a Prebend of Rochester, and has three livings in the Church. The 
Member voted against Reform, and against qualification of the Ca- 
tholic Peers. 
Plumer, John, Hindon, a West-India Merchant. Voted against reduction 
of one Postmaster ; /or Sir R.Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax. Did 
NOT VOTE for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto Intiuence of the 
Crown ; against Alien Bill. 
Plunket, William, Dublin University, a King's Counsel ; Attorney-general 
for Ireland ; a son with either one or two livings in the Church. 

The progress of most lawyers is like that of an eel; gliding, twisting, 
bending, and doubling, till they have gained their object. Plunket 
is the son of a Presbyterian parson in the North of Ireland. His father 
dying young, and without leaving any provision for him, he was in- 
debted, at an early age, to the patronage of Lord Avonnwre. In his 
youth he is described as a plodding " hard-headed boy," of similar 
mould and impress as the Old Chancellor. He was called to the bar, 
as the phrase is, in 1787, and the first public notice of him is in 1798, 
when he was associated with Curran, in defence of the Sheareses. In 
1803, or before, he appears to have bent a little in the lawyer fashion, 
and on the trial of the unfortunate Emmett, he was counsel for the 
prosecution. Emmett's youth, talents, and enthusiasm, excited uni- 
versal sympathy, and Plunket's conduct has been much censured : he 
has been accused of gratuitous inhumanity — of having been a constant 
guest of Emmett's father, at whose table he inculcated those principles 
which brought the son to an untimely grave. However this may be, 
he acquitted himself so much to the satisfaction of his employers, that 
he was the same year made Solicitor-general, and, in 1805, Attorney- 
general and Privy Counsellor. He retained his place when the Whigs 
came into office, in 1806. After the death of Mr. Fok, he might have 
retained his situation under the new administration, but he preferred to 
follow the fortunes of the Grenvilles, and resigned. Since 1812, he 
has been member for the University of Dublin. Last year he was 
included in the Grenville Sale, for which, see page 130 of Supple- 
Pole, Sir Peter, Yarmouth, a Banker in London. Votes with the Treasury. 
Pollen, Sir John V. Andover, has a brother a Bairister of Lincoln's-Inn, 
who married a niece of Sir Charles Cockerell, who is a Banker and 
East-India trader, and who married a sister of Lord Northwick. Pollen 
votes for Ministers always, except that he supported reduction of one 
Postmaster ; against qualification of Catholic Peers. 
Pollington, Viscount, Pontefract, son of the Earl of Mexborough, and son- 
in-law of Lord Hardwicke. Votes always for Ministers, 
Ponsonby, Hon. Frederick C. Kilkennyshire, son of the Earl of Besbo- 
rough, and nephew of Earl Spencer ; Colonel in the Army, Lieute- 
nant-Colonel of the 12th dragoons, Aid-de-Camp to the King. No 
trace of attendance. 
Portman, Edward Berkley, Dorsetshire, brother-in-law to Lord Downer, 
and related to the Marquis of Lothian. Except for reduction of one 
Postmaster, did not vote on any question. 
Powell, W. Edward, Cardiganshire, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulo- 
rum of the County. Against the Catholic Peers' Bill, 



Key to the Lower House. 

Power, Richard, Waterfordshire . Voted for Reform, for reduction of one 

Postmaster on second division; against Alien Bill. 
Powlett, William J. F. Durham County, son of the Earl of Darlington, and 
son-in-law of Lord Lonsdale. Voted for Manchester inquiry; 1822, 
for reduction of Lay Lords and one Postmaster, for Reform, for repeal 
of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; agaw/A"^ young AVynn ; for reduc- 
tion of Influence of the Crown; against Alien Bill. Did not vote, 
1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for either motion on Reform; 1822, for 
reduction ot Army. 
Prendergast, Michael George, Galxvay, a relation of Viscount Gort. Votes 

with Ministers. 
Price, Robert, Herefordshire, nephew to the Bishop of Durham. Voted 
for Manchester inquiry, for both motions on Reform ; 182'J, for reduc- 
tion of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. \\'ilson, for reduction of 
Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; against 
Alien Bill. Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for Retorm. 
Price, Richard, Radnor, a relation of the last Member. Voted against 

Reform, against qualification of Catholic Peers. 
Pringle, Sir \^'i!liam Henry, Liskcard, a Major-General in the Army, and 
' Colonel of the 64th foot. Votes for Ministers. Liskeard is one of the 
rotten Cornish boroughs, having, nominally, twenty-four voters 
and the Earl of St. Germuins, at the last general election, put in 
Pringle and his brother, Elliot. In this sink-hole, as well as many 
others, all the ancient records have been destroyed, as these would show 
a right incompatible witli the boroughmongery interests of their pro- 
Prittie, Hon. Francis A. Tipperary, brother of Lord Dunally, son-in-law of 
the late George Ponsonby ; Custos-Rotulorum of this County. 
Voted for Reform, for reduction of one Postmaster on second division, 
for reduction of Influence of the Crown ; against young Wynn, ditto 
Alien Bill. 
Proby, Granville I^eveson, ffickloiv, son of the Earl of Carysfort ; a 
Captain in the Navy. A relation with seven livings in the Church, 
who has two sons on the charitable foundations of the Charier House 
and Christ's Hospital; another relation late a Commissioner in Chatham 
Dock-Yard. Earl Carysfort is brother-in-law of Lord Grenville. 
The Member voted for reduction of Lay Lords, for repeal of SaltTa.x. 
Did not vote for any other popular motion in 1821 or 1822. 
Pryse, Pryse, Cardigan. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for Lord J. 
Russell's reform; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster; 
against young Wynn. 
Pym, Francis, Bedfordshire. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 
1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Reform ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for Civif-List inquiry, for repeal of Salt 
Tax. Did not vote for Manchester inquiry, for rejieal of Six Acts, 
for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Inllu- 
ence of the Crown, for repeal of Window Tax; against Irish Tithe 
Rae, Sir William, Crail, Sfc. Lord Advocate of Scotland, respecting whose 
connexion with the Government Press of Scotland we have lately heard 
so much. He is returned by five Scotch boroughs, containing 92 
persons, who appoint five delegates, who elect the member uodcr the 


Jv«U to the Lower Home. 

direction of Sir John Anstiuther, baronet. A large proportion of 
Scotch members are in office, whicli may be partly accounted for from 
tiie general thriftiness of the Scotch character, and partly from the 
corrupt slate of burgh representation. 

Raine, Jonathan, Newport, a King's Counsel, Bencher of Lincoln's-Inn, 
and well known on the Northern Circuit as a Special Commissioner. 
One of the Treasury phalanx ; against qualification of the Catholic 
Peers. Netvport is the property ot the Duke of Northumberland, who 
chooses two vianders, which means providers of meat. It is a paltry 
place, and with Launceston returns as n)any members as the City of 
London, and twice as many as the City of Westminster, in which there 
are 16,000 electors. 

Ramsay, Sir Alexander, Kincardineshire, two brothers Captains in the 
Army ; a relation Deputy Registrar in Chancery, Jamaica. Voted 
for reduction of one Postmaster, and for Reform. 

Ramsbottom, John, IVindsor, a Banker in London. Voted for Reform, for 
reduction of one Postmaster on second division; against young 

Ramsden, John C. Malton, son of Sir John Ramstlen, whose wife is sister 
to the Marchioness of Hertford; son-in-law of Lord Dundas; nephew 
of Lord Ducie. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of 
Six Acts, for both motions on Reform; 1822, for Reform, for Sir R. 
Wilson ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window 
and Salt Tax. Did not vote for reduction of Army, ditto Influence 
of the Crown, ditto two Lay Lords, for Civil-List inquiry. 

Ricardo, David, Fortarlington, late Loan Contractor. Voted, 1821, for 
both motions on Reform, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 
1822, for Reform, for reduction of Lay Lorcls and Postmaster, ditto 
Influence of the Crown, ditto Army, for Civil-List inquiry, for repeal 
of Salt and Window Tax ; against young W^ynn, ditto Irish Tithe 
System ; for Sir R. Wilson, for Mr. Creevy on the 4^ per cent, fund, 
for Mr. Hume's motions. A good Member ; attends well, and votes 
honestly : but we think Mr. Ricardo is wrong, and it is a pity so perni- 
cious an error should be countenanced by him, " that Taxation is not 
a principal cause of Agricultural Distress." — See Hundley on this 

Rice, George R. Carmarthenshire, eldest son of Lord Dynevor. Always 
for Ministers. 

Rice, Thomas Spring, Limerick, son-in-law of the Earl of Limerick. 
Voted, 1821, for both motions on Reform, for repeal of Six Acts, for 
Mancliester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster 
and Lay Lords, ditto Army, ditto Influence of Crown, for Civil- 
List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, for repeal of 
Window and Salt Tax, for Sir R". Wilson. Did not vote against 
IrisJi Tithe System. 

Rickford, William, ^/y/es^Mr!/, a Banker in this borough. Voted, 1821, 
for Mr. Lambton's reform, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for Reform, 
for Civil-List inquiry, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords ; 
against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill. Did not vote for Manchester 
inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Influence of the Crown, ditto Army. 

Ridley, Sir M. W. Neivcastle-on-Tyne, Banker of this town ; a brother 
with two livings in the Church ; another with one. A brother married 
a daughter of Steele, the King's Remembrancer ; a sister married to a 


Key to the Lower House. 

son of Lord Eldon. Moved reduction of Lay Lords ; voted for 
reduction of one Postmaster, for Reform, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill. Did not 
VOTE, 1821, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, for Mr. 
Lambton's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of 
the Crown, 
Robarts, Abraham W. Maidstone, a Banker in London. Voted, 1821, 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 18'22, for Reductions, 
for Reform; against young Wynn, ditto Influence of the Ct own, ditto 
Alien Bill ; for repeal of Taxes. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's 
reform; 1822, for reduction of Armv- 
Robarts, George James, fValliiigford, a lianker in London. Voted as last 

Roberts, Wilson A. Bexvdley. Voted once, 1821, against Reform; 1822, 
no trace of attendance. As this Member entertains some " philosophic 
doubt" on the utility of a House of Commons altogether, it is not sur- 
prising he is so remiss in his devotions at St. Stephen's. 
Robertson, Alexander, Grampound, a London Merchant. Always for Mi- 
nisters, except that he supported reduction of one Postmaster; against 
qualification of Catholic Peers. 
Robinson, Frederick John, Ripon, brother of Lord Grantham, son-in-law 
of the late Earl of Buckinghamshire; Treasurer of the Navy, President 
of the Board of Trade, and Director of Greenwich Hospital. Did not 
vote against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

There was a singular inconsistency betwixt the doctrine of this 
Member on the necessity of useless places to support the Influence of 
the Crown, and the Act of Settlement. The framers of that Act ap- 
peared anxious to guard against the influence of the Executive ; 
accordingly provided that no Placemen or Pensioner dependant on the 
Crown should be qualified to sit in Parliament. In utter forgetfulness 
of this law, Mr. Robinson did not merely contend for the main- 
tenance of the efficient oflSces of Government, but that sinecures 
should be kept up solely to maintain that influence of the Crown 
against which our ancesters had found it necessary to take so many 

Ministers were marvellously inconsistent on another point. They 
opposed the reduction of one Postmaster-General, on the ground that 
it would take so much from the Influence of the Crown. In the same 
session of Parliament, and about the same time this plea was put forth, 
they advised the King to give up ^30,000 a year from his Civil-List. 
If an ottice of only ^2500 a year would endanger the just and neces- 
sary influence of the Sovereign, how much more it would be endan- 
gered by surrendering ^30,000 a year of the King's private expen- 
diture; — how can sucli inconsistency be reconciled? Ought we not to 
infer that Ministers were not so anxious to maintain the Influence of 
the Crown as their own patronage? The abolition of the Double 
Postmaster took away a lucrative sinecure, witii which they might 
reward their adherents ; the reduction of tiie Privy Purse only 
diminished the patronage of the King, about whicli they were indille- 
rent, except so far as the delusive pretext of maintaining the uifiuence 
of tlic Executive, helped to hide their sinister purposes. 

The following observations, on Robinson's doctrine, aie from the 
Times : 


Key to the Lower House. 

The retention of offices upon the naked plea that they create an Influence for 
the Crown, is a double injustice to the nation, which at once is plundered iu its 
purse and curtailed of its liberties by so injurious a system. If the Crown cannot 
subsist but by the creation and endowment of a certain number of useless offices, 
we say that it is time to put an end to the monarchy altogether, and to establish 
some other form of goverment — an oligarchy or a democracy. But we deny the 
assumption altogether : offices are created and maintained solely for the purpose 
of administering and managing the affairs of the nation ; and it is in the disposal 
of these necessary offices that the Crown possesses its just constitutional influence, 
which no one envies or would abridge. But the moment an office ceases to be 
necessary, its continuance becomes doubly injurious, both because it gives the 
Crown, quoad hoc, a degree of influence which it ought not to possess, and because 
it imposes upon the people a quantum of burden, which they ought not to bear. 
Can any thing be said more contemptuous of the monarchical part of the constitu- 
tion, than that it cannot stand, unless it be supported by useless and expensive 
offices, which, but for such an anti-constitutional reason, every one knows ought 
to be abolished ? 

We intreat the general attention to the odious foundation upon which this 
argument rests — an argument, we will venture to say, that at least exhibits no 
proof of increased sagacity on the part of those who use it. Why, we ask, 
shonld the diff'usion of knowledge be considered as adverse rather tlian favourable 
to the just rights of the Crown? An increase of brute force, indeed, on the one 
side, might be urged as a motive for an addition of corrupt influence on the 
other : but to assert that corrupt influence is necessary on the part of the Crown, 
because there is on the part of the people a sharpened intelligence to perceive its 
mischievous operation, is such an inversion of reason, such an insult to common 
sense, as the world never heard. " You are wiser : therefore we must be more 
roguish. You draw your weapons from the armoury of reason and truth ; therefore 
we had best snatch a panoply from the storehouse of ignorance and vice." Such 
is the character of the arguments, drawn, in detriment of the rights of the peo- 
ple, from the assertion of their improved knowledge. 

But it is further worth while to consider who they are that adopt this notable 
system of reasoning. They are the very persons who complain that public men 
are slandered, traduced, vilified, unjustly represented, as intent only on sordid 
gain, and inditFerent to the welfare of the country : yet they here confess that they 
dread knowledge on the part of the people, and that they conceive it a quality 
to be controulled. But to whom, we ask, was knowledge ever formidable, but to 
the depraved ? They assume, therefore, as the foundation and principle of their 
argument, the existence of that depravity on their parts, of the imputation of 
which, by others, they complain. The virtuous, the patriotic, the disinterested, 
would rejoice on the more wide diffusion of that intelligence by which their good 
qualities could be more generally estimated. They would consider knowledge 
as an ally not as an enemy. 

All this is very just and true, but it does not come to the gist of the 
matter. However monstrous it may seem, it cannot be doubted that, 
in a government like ours, an increased intelligence on the part of the 
people, requires an increased power of corruption on the part of their 
rulers. It is quite puerile to declaim against useless offices, or any 
other abuses, unless, at the saine time, they denounce the system which 
renders those abuses necessary. A government that has lost public con- 
fidence, must look to other aids for support ; to a large inilitary force 
to overawe the multitude — a corrupt press to delude the unthinking — 
and places and pensions to reward the base and prostituted. Betwixt 
these and Reform there is no alternative ; with Reform they would 
be unnecessary, because a government properly constituted and 
cheaply administered, would be sufficiently strong from the advan- 


Key to the Lower llmtse. 

tages it conferred on all classes, to need the aid of force, sopliistry, 
and corruption for its support. 

Robinson, Sir George, Northampton. Voted for Manchester inquiry ; 
1822, for rc'duclion of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, of one 
Postmaster and tvvo Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt and Window Tax, 
for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien liill, for Sir 
R. Wilson, for Reform. Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, nor 
Lambton's reform. 

Rochfort, Gustavus, IVestjneathshire. Always for Ministers; against 
qualification of Catholic Peers. 

Uogers, ILdwind, Bisliop's Castle. Voted, 1821, against Reform; 1822, 
against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Rose, George Henry, Chrislchurch, son of Old George Base; Clerk of 
Parliament ; Ambassador at Berlin. His brother, William, has a 
sinecure in the Exchequer. Christchurch is a rotten borough in 
Hampshire, containing, nominally, twenty-four electors. Rose is patron 
of t!ie borough, and at the last election nominated himself and Sturgcs 

Rowley, Sir Josias, Kinsale, Rear-Adiniral of the Red, on half-pay. Votes 
with the Treasury. The Admiral is returned by tmetve burgesses who 
elect each other. 

Rowley, Sir William, Suffolk. A brother with four livings in the Church ; 
another an Admiral; a sister married to Sir Charles Cotton. "\ oted 
for Manchester inquiry; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Influence 
of the Crown, for reduction of Postmaster on second division ; against 
Alien Bill. Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, for Lambton's 
reform, for reduction of Admiralty Lords, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against young Wynn ; for repeal of Salt or Window Tax, for reduction 
of Army. 

Rumbold, Charles, Yarmouth, son of the late Sir Thomas Rumbold of the 
East-Indies, nephew of the late Lord Ellenborougli, cousin of the 
Bishop of Chester; has a nephew, in India, Ciiamberlain to the 
Marquis of Hastings; a sister, wife of Sir Grenvilie Temple, long 
while a Consul. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for both motions on 
R«4"orm ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Inlluence of the Crown, 
ditto Lay Lords and Postmaster, for Civil- List inquiry ; against young 
Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, for repeal of Salt and VN'indow Tax. Did 
not vote for repeal of Six Acts, nor for reduction of Army. 

Russell, Lord John, Huntingdonshire, son of the Duke of Bedford. 
Voted, 1821, for Manchester in<]uiry ; moved resolutions on Reform ; 
1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto one 
Postmaster and two Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt lax, for Sir R. 
Wilson, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn. Did not 
vote for Mr. Lambton's reform, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, against 
Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System ; for Mr. Wy vill's motion. 

Russell, Lord William, Bedford, second son of the Duke of Bedford ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army. Voted, 1821, for Manchester 
inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, was in Italy. Did not 
VOTE, 1821, for repinil of Six Acts, nor for Mr. Lambton's reform. 
The Duke of Bedford and Mr. Whitbread are patrons of the corpo- 
rate borough of Bedford. The Bedford family have considerable 
borough inmicnce, but no emoluments, except a pension of .^'yoo a 


Key to the Lower House. 

year to Lady Palmer, wife of Fysche Palmer, M. P. for Reading. 
A son of Lord John Russell commanded a steam-boat on the King's 
return from Scotland, and had also the distinguished honour of being one 
of the six who held up the train of the King on his coronation. The last 
circumstance, we remember, was considered by the Morning Chron- 
icle as a favourable sign ; but as the old woman says, nothing has yet 
" come o't." 
Russell, Matthew, Saltasli, returned in May, 1822. No trace of first ap- 
Russell, Jesse Watts, Gatton, always for Ministers. 

Ryder, Richard, Tiverton, brother to the Earl of Harrowby ; Registrar of 
the Consistory Court, Treasurer of Lincoln's-Inn. Against Catholic 
Peers' Bill. 
St. Paul, Sir H. D. Chal. Bridport, an Officer in Buckinghamshire Militia. 

When he attends, votes for Ministers. 
Sandon, Viscount, Tiverton, son of the Earl of Harrowby, nephew to 

Richard Ryder, Votes with the Treasury. 
Scarlett, James, Peterborough, King's Counsel, Solicitor-General for the 
county palatine of Durham, occasionally assistant Attorney-General in 
Crown prosecution. Voted, 1821, for Reform motions, for Manchester 
inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of 
Influence of the Crown, ditto of one Postmaster ; against Alien Bill ; 
for repeal of Salt and Window Tax. Scarlett is a fVhig lawyer, a 
thing of such complex and mysterious import, that we will not attempt 
to define it. Peterborough is one of Lord Fitzwilliam's i-otten 
boroughs, for which he returns the Members with as much ease as he 
appoints his steward. The Fitzwilliams' have received considerable 
sums of the public money. It was during the time Lord Fitzwilliam 
was in Administration, the never to be forgotten pension of ^3000 a 
year was settled on Burke, with reversion to his widow of jTlSOO a 
year, which still continue to be paid. 
Scott, Samuel, IVhitchurch, a Corn Dealer. Always with the Treasury. 
Scott, William H. E, Hastings, 

Registrar of Affidavits, in Chancery, (performed 

by deputy,) ^1260 14 10 

Clerk of letters patent, in ditto, ditto, 45 1 5 5 

Receiver of fines, ditto, . 581 2 10 

Cursitor for London and Middlesex — duty — by 

deputy 500 

Reversion of Clerk of the Crown in Chancery — 

Fees 1081 

Ditto execution of Bankrupt Laws 4554 

cf8428 3 1 
Commissioner of Bankrupt Laws — emoluments 
not stated. 
Votes always with the Treasury ; against qualification of Catholic 
Peers. Hastings is a rottten borough in Sussex. The whole number 
of voters is twelve, under the direction of Edward Milzvard, Esq. as 
Agent for the Treasury. It is a vile sink of corruption, the base 
history of which makes the heart sick. Scott is son of Old Eldon, 
Lord Chancellor of England. One of his reversions is on the death 


Key to the Lower 

of Lord Thurlow, who holds immense sinecures, whose family divide 
some o£ 10,000 among them. The other reversion is on the death 
of Earl Bathurst, whose family draws upwards of ^18,000 from the 
taxes. Eldon has been Chancellor more than twenty years, and the 
sums he has drawn exceed all calculation. His brother is Judge of the 
High Court of Admiralty, with many other appointments; which he 
has held for nearly twenty yeai-s, and the sums he has drawn are 
immense. His brother-in-law is Commissioner of Bankrupts, and a 
reversion of the office of Registrer of Aflidavits. Two other brothers- 
in-law have five livings in the Church. Since the family was enno- 
bled, in 1799, the sums it has drawn from the taxes are really prodi- 
gious, and exceed the revenues of some independent states ; the amount 
which this widely spread family still draw from Church and State must 
exceed the sum of ^50,000 a year. 

Scott, James, Bridport. Voted for Reductions, for repeal of Taxes; 
against Influence of the Crown, ditto Alien Bill ; for Reform. 

Scouriield, William H. Haverfordwest. Voted against Reform, against 
Civil-List inquiry ; for repeal of Salt Tax. 

Scudamore, Richard P. Hereford. Voted for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, 
for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal 
of Salt Tax, for Reform ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill. Did 
not vote, for repeal of Six Acts ; 182'i, for reduction of Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry. 

Sebright, Sir John, Hertfordshire, brother-in-law of the Earl of Harewood. 
Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt 
Tax, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry. Did not vote for repeal 
of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, for Mr. Lambton's reform; 1822, 
for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown. 

Sefton, Earl, brother-in-law to Lord Craven, nephew of Lord Harrington ; 
a sou in the Army ; a daugiiter married to Pascoe Grenfel. Voted 
for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for repeal of Taxes, for 
reduction of Lay Lords, ditto Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for 
Civil-List inquiry ; against Alien Bill. Did not vote for repeal of 
Six Acts, for Lambton's reform. 

Seymour, Horace, Lisburn, cousin of the Marquis of Hertford ; Captain in 
the Life Guards. Against qualification of Catholic Peers. 

Shaw, Sir Robert, Dublin, an Alderman of this City. No trace of attend- 

Sheldon, Ralph, JVilton. Always for Ministers, when he attended. 

bhelley, Sir John, Lcxves, cousin of Lord Onslow, Lord Chichester, and the 
Duke of Newcastle. Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Catholic Peers. Did not 
vote for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; 
against Alien Bill. 

Shiifner, Sir George, Leives, a son Captain in the Army. Voted against 
reduction of Postmaster, and generally as last member. 

Skeffington, Thomas H. Louthshire, son of Lord Oriel, and husband of 
Viscountess Masscrene. Always for Ministers. 

Smith, George, Ifendover, brother of Lord Carrington, a Banker in London, 
and Director of the East-India Company. Voted for reduction of 
Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax. Did not vote for any popular 
motion in 1821 or 1822. 


Kty to the Lower House. 

Smith Samuel, IVendover, brother of the last Member and Lord Carrington, 
Banker in London. Voted for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Civil-List inquiry, for Sir R. 
Wilson ; against Catholic Peers. 

Smith, John, Medhurst, brother to Lord Carrington, Banker in London. 
Voted for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster, for 
repeal of SaVt Tax ; against Alien Bill ; for Reform. Did not vote 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Lambton's reform ; 1822, for Civil-List 
inquiry, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto of 
Lay Lords; against young Wynn. 

Smith, Abel, Medhurst, nephew of Lord Carrington. Voted for reduction 
of Lay Lords and one Postmaster, ditto of Army ; against qualification 
of Catholic Peers. Did not vote for reduction of Influence of the 
Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; 
for Reform, 

Smith, Robert, Buckinghamshire, eldest son of Lord Carrington, brother- 
in-law of Earl Stanhope and Lord Gardiner. Voted for Reform, for 
reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax, for 
Civil-List inquiry. Did not vote for repeal of Six Jets, lor Man- 
chester inquiry, for reduction of Influence of Crown, ditto Army ; 
against yoim^ Wynn, ditto Alien Bill. — Lord Carrington (Smith) 
h one oi Pitt's paper money Peers. He puts five of /*« representa- 
tives into the People's house, /oMr of them his sons, and one a nephew. 
What his puhlic services had been to entitle him to the Peerage no 
one can tell. Beside the boroughs, the Smith family draw enormous 
sums out of the taxes. There are sixteen Smiths on the Pension-List, 
beside a score of minor claimants; but what portion belongs to the 
five Members we cannot say. The Peer's brother, George, is East- 
India Director, whose son is supercargo to the Company. A daughter 
of his brother Samuel is a retired Inspector of Taxes, witli a pension 
of <£400 a year ; a daughter married Lord Stanhope, who has two 
sinecures, and seven relations with pensions and places ; another 
daughter married " young IVynn," the ^'4000 a year ambassador to 
the Swiss Cantons. The Peer's family gets about „£' 17,000 a year of 

Smith, Christopher, St.Alban's, an Alderman in London, and Liquor Mer- 
chant. Votes always with the Treasury ; against Catholic Peers. 

Smith, Thomas A. Andovcr. Always for Ministers. 

Smith, William, Nonvich, a Banker in London. Voted for both motions 
on Reform, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction 
of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Civil-List, ditto Post- 
master and Lay Lords; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for 
Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax. Did not vote for repeal of 
Six Acts. 

Smith, Robert, Lincoln, late Advocate-General in Bengal. Voted for reduc- 
tion of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien B"ill. Did not vote for popular motions 
of 1821 nor 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence 
of the Crown. 

Smyth, John Henry^ Cambridge University, son-in-law of the Duke of 
Grafton. Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six 
Acts, for both motions on Reform ; 1822, nil. 



Key to the Lower House. 

Smyth, VVilliam M. Drogheda. No trace of attendance. 

Sneyd, Nathaniel, Cavunshire, Cuslos-Rotulorum of the County, Deputy- 
Governor of the Bank, of Ireland; his wife a pension; has a relation 
with a pension, wliose wife has a pension also. Votes with the Trea- 
sury ; against OaWwWc PeeiV Bill. 

Somerset, Lord G. Monmouthshire, son of the Duke of Beaufort ; Lord of 
the Treasury, and Commissioner for inquiring respecting Customs. 
Against qualification of Catholic Peers. The Duke of Beaufort puts 
in his son for one county member, and Sir Charles Morgan nominates 
himself for the other. 

Somerset, Lord Robert, Gloucestershire, brother to the Duke of Beaufort, 
brother-in-law of Viscount Courtenay ; Inspector-General of Cavalry, 
Major-General in the Army, Lieutenant-Colonel of Dragoons. Voted, 
18'21, against Wtt'orm ; 1822, against reduction of Postmaster, against 
qualification of Catholic Peers. The predominant interest in this 
county is in the Duke of Beaufort. The Beaufort family is said to 
receive upwards of ^48,000 a year from Church and State. For par- 
culars, see Peep at the Peers. 

Somerville, Sir Marcus, Meathshire. No trace of attendance. 

Sitheron, Frank, Nottinghamshire, an Admiral on half-pay. Voted, 1821, 
against W^iovm ; 1822, for reduction of one Postmaster on second 
division; against Catholic Peers' Bill. Did not vote for any other 
popular motion in 1821, 1822. The county of Nottingham contains 
more seats of the nobility, than any other of the same size. As the 
noblesse are too numerous for any one to have absolute sway, the old 
practice of a compromise is resorted to, the Tories returning one mem- 
ber, the Whigs the other. 

Stanhope, Hon. James, Dartmouth, brother of the Earl of Stanhope; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in the Army ; and Aid-de-Camp to the Duke of York. 
Always with Ministers; against Catholic Peers. Dartmouth is a 
rotten Devonshire borough, where the number of electors is forty, 
mostly employed under Government as gunners and other officers : 
it is a corporation, from among the membei-s of which the Governor, 
Collector, Comptroller, and all the olVicers of the Customs, &c. at 
Dartmouth, are taken. It is what is called a Treasury borough. The 
Stanhopes are curiously quartered upon the public — scarcely one of 
them but has a pension or a sinecure. An unmarried lady of this 
family has, for several years past, been living with a horde of Arabs, 
in the desert beyond Damascus, in Syria, enjoying a pension of £1100 
a year. The family gets from o£'5000 to .i 6000; they are related to 
the Grcnvilles. 

Stanley, Lord, Lancashire, eldest son of the Earl of Derby ; married a 
Hornhij ; and the Hornby's have church livings to the amount of 
of 7000 a year. Voted for^Manchestcr inquiry; 1822, for Reform, for 
reduction of Postmaster on second division, ditto of Army, ditto Civil- 
List; against Alien Bill, ditto young Wynn ; for Sir R. Wilson. Did 
not vote for reduction of Infiuence of the Crow n, ditto of Lay Lords, 
for repeal of Salt or Window Tax. 

Stanley, Hon. E. G. S. Stockbridge. A new member in room of J. F. 
Barliam — whom see. 

Staunton, Sir George, St. Michael, late Secretary to the Chinese ambassy. 
Alvvavs for Ministers. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Stewart, Alexander R. Londonderryshire, uncle to the late Castlereagh ; 
son-in-law of the Marquis of Drogheda. With the Treasury. 

Stewart, Sir John, Tyroneshire, late Attorney-General in Ireland; a pen- 
sioner ; a brother in the Church. Against Catholic Peers' IMll. 

Stewart, William, ri/ro?jeA7iire. Voted for Reform, for reduction of Lay 
Lords and Postmaster, for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt and 
Window Tax ; against Alien Bill. 

Stopford, Viscount, fVexfordshirc, son of the Earl of Courtown; his father 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners ; two uncles, one a 
Major-General, Captain, and Colonel in the Guards; tiie other an 
Admiral, whose father-in-law is a Commissioner at Plymouth, whose 
son is a Captain in the Navy ; a third uncle an Officer, and Equerry 
to the late Queen ; another uncle a Canon, a Prebendary, and a 
Rector : a cousin Captain in the Navy. Always with the Treasury ; 
against Catholic Peers. 

Strathaven, Lord, Grinstead, eldest son of the Earl of Aboyne ; five re- 
lations in the Army and Navy. Against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Stuart, Joseph Holden, Maiden, uncle-in-law of the Duke of Leinster. 
Voted against Reform, against reduction of one Postmaster, against 
qualification of Catholic Peers. 

Stuart, Lord, Cardiff, brother to the Marquis of Bute. Voted for Manches- 
ter inquiry; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, ditto Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against Alien Bill, ditto young Wynn ; for repeal of Window and Salt 
Tax, for Sir R, Wilson. ' Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, for 
Lambton's reform. 

Stuart, William, Armagh, son of the late Archbishop of Armagh. With 
Ministers; against qualification of Catholic Peers. 

Sumner, George Holmne, Surrey, Voted, 1821, against Reform, against 
reduction of one Postmaster, against qualification of Catholic Peers, 
against repeal of Salt Tax. Did not vote, 1823, for reduction of 
Lay Lords, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto of Army, for Civil-List 
inquiry ; against Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. 

On Lord Normanby's ^rsi motion, Mr. Sumner spoke thus : " He 
did not know whether two Postmasters-General were necessary or not ; 
he was sure, however, that they were as necessary as the heads of other 
boards; but if the principle of reduction were admitted, he did not 
know where it would stop, and therefore he should vote against the 
motion." This, it must be confessed, is a very sapient sort of reason- 
ing ; because he did not know where reduction ivould stop, he would 
oppose reduction altogether. Now one would have thought Mr. 
Sumner would have acted more rationally had he supported the re- 
duction so far as it was beneficial, and opposed it at the point it became 
pernicious : for instance, had he supported the reduction of one Post- 
master, which was clearly unnecessary, and opposed the reduction of 
the second Postmaster, who might, at least, be of some public utility. 

Mr. Sumner is also an anti-reformer, and we doubt not consoles himself 
by similar logic. He would oppose Reform in principle, because 
he did not know how far Reform might be carried. Now we suppose 
Reform, like Reduction, would be carried just as far as it would be 
of public utility and no farther. If the reformers are desirous to cut 


Key to the Lower Hotue. 

off the rotten parts of the constitution, it is no reason they should wish 
to cut otf those that are sound. If they wish to cut ofi" the rotten 
boroughs, why should they wish to touch Church or the Aristocracy. 
Yet it is from a vague apprehension of tliis sort, many are opposed "to 
Eeform. Mr. Sumner, to be sure, is a country gentleman, and an odd 
kind of man altogether; we suspect that he has been educated at 
the Universities or the Public Schools, and thence learned a singular 
mode of satisfying his conscience on public questions. Previously to 
Lord Normanby's motion, Mr. Maberly reproached him with having 
opposed Lord Althorp's motion, notwithstanding -^^ promise made to his 
constituents, at a former county meeting, to enforce retrenchment : 
Sumner replied, "a passing word in a croivd, could not be considered 
as a pledge or obligation." 

Suttie, Sir James, Haddingtonshire. Always for Ministers. 

Sutton, Charles Manners, Scarborough, son of the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury ; Speaker of the Lower House, Lord of Trade and Plantations, 
&c. Sutton is returned by forty-four self-elected persons, 
actuated by the undue and illegal influence of a Peer of the realm. 
This is Just as it should be, and, altogether, considering the mode of 
election, the family coimexions and principles of the Member, we 
cannot conceive any person, unless it he a Wynn, better qualified to 
preside over the deliberations of the Lower House. 

Swan, Henry, Penryn, a Commissioner for the issue of Exchequer Bills; 
has a son Captain in the Guards. Voted, 1821, for Lord J. Russell's 
reform ; 1822, always for Ministers ; against Catholic Peers' Bill. The 
Member, like Sir Manassah Lopes, has been a victim to borough- 
mongery hypocricy. 

Sykes, Daniel, Kingston-on-Hull, a Barrister-at-law. Voted for Lamb- 
ton's reform; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for 
Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Civil-List inquiry ; against 
young Wynn. Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, for Mantisester 
inquiry : 1822, fcr reduction of Army, ditto Lifluence of the Crown ; 
against Alien 15111. 

Talbot, Kichard Wogan, Duhlinshire. For Mr. Lambton's reform; 1822, 
for Keform, for reduction of Postmaster on second division. 

Tavistock, Marquis of, eldest son of the Duke of Bedford, son-in-law of tlie 
Earl of Harrington. Voted for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester 
inquiry; 1822, for Reform, for Civil-I>ist inquiry; against young 
Wynn ; for reduction of Postmaster, ditto Iniluence of the Crown. 
Did not votk for Lambton's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Army. 

Taylor, Charles William, fFclls. Voted for Reform, for reduction of 
Postmaster on second division. 

Taylor, George Wilson, East Looe, a W\'st-Indian. When he attended, 
voted for Ministers. 

Taylor, Michael Angelo, Durham Citij, a Counsellor of the Duchy of 
Cornwall, and Recorder of Poole." Voted for Manchester inquiVy ; 
1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, dit"to 
influence of the Crown, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Alien Bill. 
Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, for Lambton's reform ; 1822, 
for reduction of Army. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Taylor, Sir Herbert, IVindsor, married one of Desbrowes's daughters. 
Military Secretary to ttie Commander-in-Chief . . ^£2000 
Pension 936 

Master of St. Catherine's Hospital 797 

Major-General in the Army — pay, &c. not stated. 
Voted against qualification of Catholic Peers. The electors of (he 
royal rotten borough of Windsor, including the Corporation, are about 
300 — influenced by the Castle. 
Tennyson, Charles, Grimsby, Barrister-at-law ; a brother with three livings 
in the Church. Voted for Reform, for reduction of Lay Lords and 
Postmaster, ditto Iniiuence of the Crown, for repeal of Salt and 
Window Tax, for Sir K. Wilson. Did not vote for popular motions 
of 1821 nor 1822, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn ; for 
reduction of Army ; against Alien Bill. 
Thompson, William, Ca/Z^Hgio/i, an Alderman of London. Voted, 1821, 
against Reform ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt 
Tax ; against qualification of Catholic Peers. 
Thynne, Lord John, Bath, brother of the Marquis of Bath, nephew to Lord 
Carteret; Vice-Chamberlain to the late King. Against Catholic 
Tierney, George, Knareshorough. Voted for both motions on Reform, 
for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for Reform, for 
reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, ditto Influence of the Crown, 
for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn; for Mr. Wyvill's motion, 
against Alien Bill, for repeal of Salt Tax. Did not vote for reduction 
of Army ; against Irish Tithe System. Mr. Tierney is the last of the Old 
School of politicians, and has lived to see the establishment of an entire 
new religion in politics. As the old game of party warfare is deceased, 
one may look back, and laugh at its manoeuvres, and, like other delusions, 
when exposed, smile at the grossnees of the imposture by which the 
multitude has been deceived. The Whigs have been fairly treated, and 
they have no just cause of complaint. While their professions were good, 
and the public had no better test of their sincerity, they were supported; 
being put on trial and found wanting, they were naturally aban- 
doned. We should be sorry, however, to place them on the level with 
their opponents: had they not some favourable traits to distinguish 
them, they would not so long have been excluded from administration, 
and men every way their inferiors preferred to places of trust and emo- 
lument. They are, in fact, too good for the system, but not good 
enough for public confidence ; they are too tolerant for the Church, 
too liberal for the Tories, and yet too corrupt for the People. We 
wish they were either better or worse ; as it is, tliey are neither flesh 
nor fish. Mr. Tierney must be quite surprised at the revolution, both 
within and without doors. We remember when Sir H, Parnell at- 
tempted the plan of operation, so successfully pursued by Mr. Hume, 
be had little encouragement from the member for Knareshorough : on 
one occasion Mr. Tierney remarked, that he had, when a " young 
man," pursued a similar course, and tried to obtain retrenchment, and 
point out abuses in the collection of the revenue ; but it was all vanity 
and vexation of spirit. What must Mr. T. think of the triumphant 
success of Mr. Hume's efforts? To be sure the member for Aberdeen 
has been partly assisted by the working of events ; and it must be 


Key to the Lower House. 

confessed that little has yet been done compared with what remains to 
be achicTed, while the' Civil-List, the Tithe System, and, compara- 
tively, the Military Establishments remain untouched. Mr. Tierney's 
votes are very creditable to him ; but, like his colleague, he says 
nothing on Parliamentary Reform. Does the tenure of their seats 
in the Collective preclude the mention of the subject? 

Titchfield, Marquis, King's Lynn, son of the Duke of Portland. Voted 
for Manchester inquiry, for reduction of Postmaster on second divi- 
sion, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for repeal of Window Tax. We are 
told this is " a very promising young nobleman ;" but we have had so 
many promising youths aforetime, that we are rather dubious : — we shall 
see, as the French say. Pitt was a promising youth at the begin- 
ning ; so was Castlereagh, so was Canning, so was Lord Milton, and so 
was John Cam Hobhouse ; but, somehow, as they get old they all get 
either lazy or corrupt. 

Townshend, Horatio Powis, Whitchurch, brother of Viscotmt Sydney ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, and Captain of Foot Guards. 
Always with Ministers ; against Catholic Peers' Bill. Toivnshend's 
mother has a pension; his brother is Ranger of St. James's and Hyde 
Parks; his sister is Housekeeper at Windsor Castle; he has four 
female cousins, named Sckvyn, witii pensions. Several relations are 
packers, weighers, and port searchers, in L'cland, with large incomes ; 
others are in the Church. The total sum received by the Sydney 
(Townshend) family is upwards of ^1 1,000 a year ! 

Townshend, Lord James, HuUeston, uncle of the ISIarquis of Townshend ; 
Captain in the Navy. Always for Ministers ; against Catholic Peers' 
Bill. In 1812, the return of two Members for the rotten Cornish 
borough of Halleston were petitioned against, on the ground that they 
were elected by the influence of the Duke of Leeds, who allowed the 
corporation a sum yearly, on condition they should return whom he 
pleased. This was fully proved, and a motion was made to order the 
Attorney -General to prosecute the Duke of Leeds, but the motion 
was properly negatived, as it would have been shameless hypocricy to 
consider the teinire by which most of the members hold their seats 
a crime. Many have been the proceedings caused by the practices of 
this borough, but it remains as corrupt as ever. At the last election 
the Duke of Leeds nominated his two brothers-in-law, the present sub- 
ject and Mr. Hudson. 

Tremayne, John Hearle, Cornwall, son-in-law of Sir W. Lemon, the other 
member. Voted, 1821, ogfliHsMleform ; 1822, for reduction of one 
Postmaster on second division ; against qualification of Catholic Peers. 
Mr. Tremayne is said to be a sincere Alarmist, a supporter of Mi- 
nisters from real dread of the people, antl, like the nobles ot Old 
Rome, more tenacious of property than freedom. 

Trench, Fred. William, Cambridge, a relation of Lord Ashtown, Lieute- 
nant-Colonel in the Army, and Quarter-Master General on permanent 
Stalil'. Always with the Treasury ; against Catholic Peers' Bill. The 
number of voters in Cambridge is about 200, and some of the most 
filthy tricks in boroughmongery have been played in this rotten corpo- 
ration. Trench was formerly, we believe, an Oppositionist, but he has 
latterly altered his cue, ami is nosv on the sceiU after a new appointment. 


Key to the Lower Hmise. 

Of course the Colonel felt a great aversion, last session, against the 
operations of Mr. Hume. 

Tudway, John P. trdls. There is no trace of this man's attendance during 
the tliree sessions. 

Tulk, Charles Aug. Tudbury, a London Merchant. For reduction of one 
Postmaster and Lay Lords, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against Catholic 
Peers' Bill. 

Twiss, Horace, IVootton Bassett, a Barrister-at-law, and a Commissioner of 
Bankrupts. Votes always with the Treasury. Horace Tzviss is in 
full cry after the Thing; his panegyrics on the Lord Chancellor 
and denunciation of Parliamentary Reform, in which he rivals the 
Liverpool man, are all very good in their way, but a little too late for 
the market, — We would sooner be a dog and bay the moon than 
Horace Twiss. 

Tynte, Charles Kennys, Bridgewater. For Manchester inquiry; 1822, for 
reduction of one Postmaster, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young 

Tyrwhit, Drake Thomas, Agmondesham. Voted always for Ministers; 
against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Tyrwhit, Drake William, Jgmondesham, a Major in the Army, Captain in 
the Horse Guards. Votes with Ministers ; against Catholic Peers' Bill. 
The pocket borough of Agmondesham is the property of Thomas Tyr- 
whit Drake, who nominated himself and W. T. Drake at the last 
election. The Drakes are relations of the Earl of Macclesfield, who 
get some £2,000 among them. 

Upton, Arthur P. St. Edmundshury, brother-in-law of the Earl of Bristol ; 
Major-General in the Army. When he attends, votes for Ministers. 
The rotten borough of St. Edmundshury contains upwards of 8000 
inhabitants, yet the corporation consists of thirty-seven electors, who 
return Upton under the patronage of the Earl of Bristol ; and, under 
the patronage of the Duke of Grafton, return his eldest son the Earl 
of Euston. The Grafton family connexions receive about ^23,000 
of the public money yearly — that of Bristol, upwards of ^7000 a year. 

Ure, Masterton, IVey^iiouth, a Scotch Attorney. Voted, 1821, against 
Reform ; 1822, against reduction of one Postmaster, against qualifica- 
tion of Catholic Peers. 

Uxbridge, Earl of, Anglesea, son of the Marquis of Anglesea ; Captain in 
the 1st Life Guards; his uncle, Arthur, a retired Ambassador; another 
uncle, Berkeley, Lord of the Treasury ; his aunt. Lady Louisa, two 
pensions; another aunt wife of Lord Graves, Lord of the Bedchamber: 
several other relatives in the King's Household, the Army, the Navy, 
and the Church. The sum received out of the taxes by the Anglesea 
(Paget) family connexions is £\ 1,000 a year. Of course the Member 
votes with Ministers. 
Valletort, Viscount, Fowey, eldest son of Earl Mountedgecombe. For Mi- 
nisters, when he attends. 
Vansittart, Nicholas, Harwich, brother-in-law of Lord Auckland ; 

Lord of the Treasury .£1220 

Chancellor of the Exchequer 2439 9 8 

Chancellor in Ireland 1646 17 5 

Commissioner for India Aifairs — fees enor- 
mous — amount not known. 


Key to the Lower Houx. 

Voted against qualification of Catholic Peei-s. Harwich is a Treasury 
borough, having thirty-tivo electors, who with their families have long 
been saddled on the public. The Auckland family is a charge upon 
the public for some ^30,000 a year. Vansittart generally returns 
some twenty pounds a year out of his enormous gain'i, which is entered, 
in the Fuiance Accounts, for "conscience sake," The Waterloo 
Pension Bill and the Puivnbroking Scheme will be lasting monuments 
of his talents as a financier. 

Vaughan, Sir Robert, Merionethshire, Colonel of a Militia. Always for 
Ministers; against Catholic Peers. 

Vernon, George G. V. Lichfield, eldest son of the Archbishop of York, 
nephew of the Marquis of Stafford and Lord Vernon, son-in-law of 
Lord Lucan. Voted, [8'2 1, against Reform; 1822, 7u7. 
Villiers, John C. Queensborough, brother of tlie Earl of Clarendon, 
Warden and Chief Justice of Eyre (sinecure) .. „£2083 
Clerk or Prothonolary of Pleas, Lancaster, (ditto) 2795 
Villiers is one of the Treasury phalanx of eighty-nine, and voted 
against Catholic Peers' Bill. In the rotten government borough of 
Queensborough, the members are nominated one by the Admiralty 
and one by the Ordnance. The Clarendon family get about <£lO,000 
a year of the public money. 

Vivian, Sir Richard Harper, Truro, brother of the Fivians in the Excise; 
Equerry to the King, and Major-General in the Army. Another of 
the Treasury phalanx of eighty-nine: against Catholic Peers' Bill. 
Truro is a rotten Cornisli borough, having twenty-eight electors at 
the command of Lord Falmouth. The Falmouth family have some 
small beginnings in Church and State, amounting to ^3,500 a year. 

Walker, Joshua, Aldborough, Ironmaster at Rotherham, in Yorkshire. 
Votes with the Treasury ; against Catholic Peers. The Member's 
seat cost a great deal, and being a man of business he cannot afford to 
vote for nothing. Mr. Crespigny, a short time before the last general 
election, sold his interest in the rotten borough of Aldbnrougli, that 
of merely naming the Corporation, without a shilling of property in 
the place, to Mr. Walker, for thirty-nine thousand pounds. After a 
transaction like this, what cruel hypocricy to punish the poor old 
Jew, Lopes, and Mr. Swann ! 

Wall, Charles Baring, Guildford, his mother was a Baring. No trace of 

Wallace, Thomas, Weymouth and Melcombe-Regis, brother-in-law of the 
Earl of Ilopetown, and fatiier-in-law of Lord Melville; Vice-President 
of the Board of Trade, and Commissioner for the affairs of India. One 
of the Treasury phalanx ; against Catholic Peers. ll^eymouth and 
Melcombe- Regis return four members, and the most disgraceful 
practices are carried on, and have been more than once proved. 
Wallace's relatives get about ^19,000 a year of the taxes. 

Ward, John William, Bossiney, son of Viscount Dudley and Ward. Voted, 
1821, against Reform ; 182',', against Alien Bill. Put in, we believe, 
by Stuart IVortlcy. 

Ward, Robert, Has'lcmcre, brother to Lord Mulgrave ; Clerk of the 
Ordnance. One of the eighty-nine ; against Catholic Peers' Bill. 
For the rotten borough of Haslemcrc, see Long. fVard's wife has a 
pension, when her husband shall cease to hold a paid ofllce under 


Key to the Lower House. 

government. His relatives, the Mulgraves, get among them about 
^19,000 of the public money. 

Warren, John Ashley, Taunton. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for 
repeal of Six Acts ; 1822, for Reform ; moved reduction of allowance 
to " young IFi/nn ;" for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for 
Civil-List inquiry, for repeal of Salt and Window Tax; against 
Alien Bill ; for reduction of Influence of the Crown. Did not vote 
for Lambton's reform ; 1822, for Sir R.Wilson, for reduction of Army ; 
against Irish Tithe System ; for Mr. Wyvill's motion. 

Warren, Charles, Dorchester, a King's Counsel, and Chief Justice of 
Chester. Nothing need be said about Warren's votes; he is a noto- 
rious RAT, and is put in by Lord Shaftsbury, whose family share 
among them about of 6000 a year. 

Warrender, Sir George, Sandwich, brother-in-law of Lord Falmouth. One 
of the Lay Lords. 

Webb, Edward, Gloucester. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for repeal 
of Siv Jets; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay 
Lords, ditto Army, ditto Civil-List, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Sir R. 
Wilson. Did not vote for Lambton's reform; against young 
Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of Influence of the Crownl 

Wellesley, Richard, Ennis. For Ministers. 

Wells, John, ilffl?VZs^o?je, a Sliip-builder. Voted, 1821, against IXdonn ; 
1822, for reduction of Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against 
Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Wemyss, James, Fifeshire, a Pcst-Captain. Always for Ministers ; against 
Catliolic Peers. Fifeshire contains upwards of 100,000 people ; but 
the number of electors is 216, under the patronage of fFetnyss, who 
nominates himself, 

Westenra, Henry Robert, Monaghan, son of Lord Rossmore, who is 
Custos-Rotulorum of the county. Voted for reduction of Postmaster 
and Lay Lords; against Catholic Peers. 

Western, Charles Callis, Essex. Voted for Manchester inquiry, for repeal 
oi Six Acts ; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster on second 
division, ditto Civil-List, ditto Influence of the Crown, for repeal of 
Window Tax, for Mr. Wyvill's motion ; against young Wynn, ditto 
Alien Bill. Did not vote, 1821, for either motion on Reform ; 
1822, for repeal of Salt Tax, for reduction of Lay Lords, ditto of 

Wetherell, Charles, Oxford, brother-in-law of Wilberforce ; a barrister-at- 
law, a King's Counsel; a brother Registrar of the Vice- Admiralty 
Court, in Sierra Leone. The Member is son of a Dean, and has six 
relations in the Church with thiPvTEEN livings. Voted against reduc- 
tion of one Postmaster, against Catholic Peers' Bill. 

Wharton, John, Beverley. Voted for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester 
inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Post- 
master, ditto of Army. 

Whitbread, William Henry, Bedford, nephew of Earl Grey. Voted for 
Manchester inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for repeal of 
Salt and Window Tax, for Civil-List inquiry, for reduction of Army, 
ditto Influence of the Crown ; against young Wynn. Did not vote 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Lzmhton's reform; 1822, for Reform, for 
reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, for Sir R. Wilson. 



Key to (he Lower House. 

Whitbread, Samuel C\izx\ts, Middlesex, brother to the member for Bedford. 
Voted for both motions on Reform ; for repeal of Six Acts, for Man- 
cliester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster, ditto Influence of 
the Crown, ditto Army, for repeal of Taxes ; against young Wynn, 
ditto Alien Bill, for Civil-List inquiry, for Sir R. Wilson, for 

White, Luke, Leitrimshire. Voted, 1821, for Mr. Lanibton's reform; 
1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster on second division ; 
against young V/ynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for reduction of Influence of 
the Crown. 

Whitmore, Thomas, Bridgenorth, a Banker and Bank Director. Voted 
for reduction of one Postmaster on second division ; against Catholic 
Peers' Bill. 

Whitmore, W. W. Bridgenorth, son of the last Member. Voted, 1821, 
for Lord J. Russell's reform ; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords and 
Postmaster on second division, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, for repeal of Salt Tax. The 
fVhitmores have always shown great alacrity in putting forward mi- 
nisterial addres^e^ ag^mt Blasphe7ni/ and Sed'ition, when these sort of 
things were in vogue. They have been intimately connected with all 
the movements of the Paper System, one of them being Director at 
the time of the Bank Stoppage. 

Wigram, Sir Robert, Lestivithiel, a Bank Director ; has a son a Director of 
the East-India Company ; another a Fellowship at a College. When 
he attends, votes with the Treasury ; against Catholic Peers. 

Wigram, William, If^exford, a Banker. Always for Ministers. 

Wilberforce, William, Bramber, brother-in-law of Wetherell — whom see ; 
relation of Lord Calthorpe — whom see in Peep at Peers ; brother-in-law 
of Spooner of Birmingham, late Tax Receiver for Shropshire ; brother- 
in-law of Stephens, a Master in Chancery, a relation of Lord Carring- 
ton. Voted for Reform, for reduction of one Postmaster on second 
division. Did kot vote for popular motions of 1821 nor 1822, 
for repeal of Taxes, for reduction of Lay Lords, ditto Army, ditto 
Influence of the Crown ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto 
Civil-List. Wilberforce is a strange compound of cant weakness, 
selfishness, and aristocracy. Last year he voted for the restoration of 
the Queen's name in the Liturgy, yet voted against censure of Mi- 
nisters for the proceedings against her Majesty. Voted, 1821, for the 
repeal of Malt Tax, for a small reduction in the Army, for Catholic 
Emancipation; but did not vote against the grant of i' 18,000 to the 
Duke of Clarence. 

Wilbraham, Edward Bootle, Dover, a well-known Lancashire Magistrate. 
Voted, 1821, against Reform ; 1822, against reduction of Postmaster, 
against Catholic Peers' Bill, 

Wildman, James B. Colchester, a West-India Merchant; three brothers in 
the Army. Votes with the Treasury ; against Catholic Peers. 

Wilkins, Walter, Radnorshire. For reduction of Postmaster, ditto of 
Army, for repeal of Salt Tax. 

Williams, Owen, Marlow, brother-in-law of Pascoe Grenfell. For reduc- 
tion of one Postmaster. 

Williams, Thomas P. Marloiv, son of the last Member. Voted for repeal 
of Salt Tax, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords. 


Key to the Lower House. 

Williams, Sir Robert, Carnarvonshire. For Reform, for Civil-List inquiry ; 
against Catholic Peers. 

Williams, Robert, Dorchester, a Banker in London. Always for M misters, 
against Catholic Peers. 

Williams, William, /rez/woMi/i, a Banker in London. Voted, 1821, for 
both motions on Reform, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal oiSix Acts; 
1822, for reduction of Lay Lords and Postmaster, ditto Army, for repeal 
of Salt and Window Tax, for Sir R. Wilson; against young Wynn, 
ditto Alien Bill. Did not vote for Civil-List inquiry, for reduction 
of Influence of the Crown. 

Williams, John, Lincoln, Barrister-at-law. Voted for reduction of Post- 
master, ditto Lifluence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill ; for repeal of Window Tax. The 
Member was only returned Easter, 1822. 

Willoughby, Henry, "Nezvark, relation of Lord Middleton ; cousin married 
a daughter of Eyre, Archdeacon of Nottingham, Prebend and Canon 
of York, also a Church living. The Member votes with the Treasury ; 
against qualitication of Catholic Peers. 

Wilmot, Robert J. Neivcastle, cousin of Lord Byron, whose mother has a 
pension ; a cousin Captain in the Navy, whose son is in the Church ; 
another cousin Captain in the Navy; a relation with a living in the 
Church. PFilmot is Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, and 
one of the Treasury phalanx. He is put in by the Marquis of 
Stafford, whose family get about £5000 among them ; but in their 
family connexions with tlie Grenvilles, the Beavforts, and the Har- 
rowhys, the sum obtained is probably much more than twice the 
amount of the whole expense of the government of the American 
United States. 

Wilson, Sir Henry W. St. Alhans, brother-in-law of the Marquis of Ayles- 
bury, uncle to the Earl of Harewood. Always for Ministers ; against 
Catholic Peers. 

Wilson, Sir Robert, Southivark, late Major-General in the Army. Voted, 
1821, for both motions on Reform, for repeal of Six Acts, for Man- 
chester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, 
ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Army, for Civil-List inquiry; 
against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for repeal of Window and 
Salt Tax. Did not vote against Irish Titlie System. 

Wilson, Thomas, London, a Merchant of London, Voted, 1821, against 
Reform, against reduction of one Postmaster ; for reduction of Lay 
Lords; against young Wynn, and against qualification of Catholic 

Wilson, William W. C. Cockermouth. For reduction of one Postmaster 
on second division ; against Catholic Peers. 

Winnington, Sir Thomas E. Worcestershire, cousin of Lord Foley. 
Voted for reduction of Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax ; against 
Alien Bill ; for Reform. 

Wodehouse, Edmond, Norfolk, nephew of Lord Wodehouse; Recorder of 
Falmouth : a cousin Captain in the Navy, and Commissioner of the 
Navy Office at Halifax, Nova Scotia; three cousins with eight 
livings in the Church ; a relation an Archdeacon, witli three church 
livings ; another with tw^o livings ; another relation a. Major, and 
another Captain in the Army, Voted, 1821, rtgftn/5/ Reform ; 1822, 


Key to the Lower House. 

for reduction of Postmaster, against repeal of Salt l^ax ; against Civil- 
List inquiry ; /or young Wynn; never supported Mr. Hume. It is 
not surprising there is a great deal of vascillation and inconsistency in 
the conduct of this Member; he is really placed in very awkvvard 
circumstances. On one side his constituents are clamouring for relief, 
on the other his relations for preferment and patronage ; he cannot 
serve both: — we would advise him to accept the Chiltern Hundreds — 
give up the county representation — buy a rotten borough— and stick 
to Church and State — it is there his interest lies : wliat would relieve 
his constituents would impoverish his relations. 
Wodehouse, John, Marlborough, son of Lord Wodehouse, and cousin of 
the last Member; a Colonel of the Militia. Votes cz/rt-az/s for Ministers; 
against qualification of Catholic Peers. 
Wood, Matthew, London, Alderman and twice Lord Mayor of London. 
Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform; 
1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, ditto 
Army, ditto luHuence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; agaiiist 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System ; for repeal 
of Window and Salt Tax ; moved inquiry into the treatment of Sheriff 
Waithman, at Knightsbridge. Did not vote for repeal of Six Acts, 
nor for Mr. Lambton's reform. 
Wood, Thomas, Breconsliire. Always for Ministers. 

Worcester, Marquis of, Monmouth, son of the Duke of Beaufort; Lieute- 
nant-Colonel in the Army. A Treasury man. 
Wortley, James Stuart, Yorkshire, cousin to the Marquis of Bute, and son- 
in-law to the Earl of Erne. Voted, 1819, /or the three millions of 
new taxes, for the grant of ^^ 10,000 a year to the Duke of York ; 
1821, against vt\i^i\\ of Malt Tax, against the Queen; 1822, /or 
reduction of Lay Lords; against reduction of Postmaster on first di- 
vision, for reduction of Postmaster on second division ; against repeal 
of Salt Tax. Did not vote, 1821, for reduction of any Estimates or 
Establishments, for repeal of any Taxes but the Wool Tax, for Man- 
chester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts, for Reform ; 1822, for reduction 
of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry ; against 
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System. 

Mr. irortleij is connected with the Thing in various ways. He is 
patron or proprietor of the rotten borough of Bossiney, in Cornwall. 
The grandfather of his cousin Bute had a (lension of ^£7000 for forty 
years. This same pensioned Bute was the first minister of George 
III. and it is to his influence over the mind of the late King, and his 
mother, the Princess Dowager, with whom Bute was said to be on most 
gracious terms, that the Toryism of George III. may be ascribed, and 
which Toryism obtained such an ascendency in Church and State 
during the long life of the late King, that it seems probable the same 
narrow and arbitrary principles of government will predominate in the 
councils of his successor, Cousin Ikite's wife has a sinecure in the 
Customs — is a daughter of the late Earl of Guildford, and a cousin of the 
Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry and the Duke of Buckingham. 
Cousin Bute has relations in the Army, the Navy, and the Churcli — one 
lately an Irish Bishop ; another cousin is Ambassador at Paris. The 
Bute family, in all its ramifications, exclusive of the late Marcpiis's pension, 
share among them upwards of jf(i5,000 a year. WortleyN father-in-law 


Key to the Lower House. 

is Governor of Fermanagh, and has a son Lieutenant-Colonel and Major 
of Foot, and Governor of Hunt-Castle. The father-in-law's brother is 
Registrar of Forfeitures. Wortley himself is Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Yorkshire Hussars and South York Yeomanry Cavalry, and, like 
Macqueen, receives an annual bonus under the head of fees for the 
"Suppression of Riots." Besides these sources of influence, Mr. W. 
must be gratified in all appointments in the Church, the Magistracy, 
and the collection of the Revenue, in the county of York. 

After this statement, the Member's votes will not appear surprising: 
like Mr. Wodehouse, he is divided betwixt his allegiance to the 
Treasury team, family ties, and his duty to his constituents. He 
manages, however, with great dexterity, to conciliate both parties : to 
his constituents he now and then throws the sop of an unmeaning 
speech — to Ministers he constantly gives the more solid pudding of his 
votes. The following; extract illustrates our meaning: — March 6, 
1816, lie delivered himself thus: " He thought that the salaries of the 
Adjutant-General and Deputy Adjutant-General, Quartermaster-Ge- 
neral and Deputy Quartermaster-General, might be left out. These 
olficers held other ranks in the Army, and their pay in those offices 
was an unnecessary expense. If ever money was uselessly thrown 
away, it was on the local militia, which could only lead to the extension 
of military habits. The Yeomanry Cavalry ought to be done away 
with: the Military College and Military Asylum were items which 
he conceived might well be omitted : they had been created for a 
time of war, and were not necessary in peace. He did not approve of 
a force oi Jiousehold troops so much exceeding that kept up in 1791. 
In the Commissariat and Barrack Departments, he could notjtake upon 
himself to say that the expense was too much, but it appeared to him 
to have reference more to a state of war than of peace," — Five days 
after this speech, and a vote for a small reduction which followed the 
speech, Mr. Calcraft moved the reduction of the Household Troops to 
a scale nearer that of 1791 *, but Wortley did not support the motion! 
Six years of peace have elapsed since Mr. Calcraft's motion was nega- 
tived; during this interval, Wortley has never voted for the abolition 
of these establishments, the maintenance of which he so decidedly 
condemned in IS 16. It is true he has made a cajoling speech or two, 
but that is all ; this is what Ministers allow their most strenuous sup- 
porters to do, so that they may not, by losing their seats, lose the 
power of serving them more effectually. It was with this 
view the Member supported the repeal of the Wool Tax, a tax of 
trifling amount, and for the repeal of which, there was not so much 
reason as fifty others ; but Wortley's voting for the repeal served the 
purpose of conciliating his constituents, at a small expense to the 

Mr. Wortley prides himself on being an independent country 
gentleman; but in his public conduct we cannot perceive his claim to 
the character. Real independence consists in acting from public 
motives, from enlarged views of the interests of the majority not of the 
minority of the community. Mr. Wortley, we believe, never voted 
but with an eye to himself, his family, or the class to which he belongs. 
He is, in short, a man selfish, aristocratic, and of limited information ; 


Key to the Lower House. 

and we wonder the freeholders of the county of York did not choose 
a more liberal and enlightened representative. 
Wrottesley, Henry, Bracklcy, Barrister-at-law, Commissioner of Bankrupts, 
and Cursitor in Chancery ; a relation a late maid of honour. One of 
the Treasury phalanx. The rotten borough of Brackley, in Nor- 
thamptonshire, is one of the oldest borouglis in the kingdom, and many 
remains of its former greatness are still visible. It is now reduced to 
a small town, with only 256 houses in it. The right of election is con- 
fined to the corporation, which consists of the Mayor, six Aldermen, 
and twenty-six burgesses, under the absolute controul of the Bridge- 
water family; they receive their nomination from the Marquis of 
Stafford, nephew of the last Duke of Bridgewater. The Bridgewater 
(Egerton) family and connexions get at least ,^.'13,000, while the 
Stafford (Gowers) get about of 5000 of the public money, of course, 
yearly. ,. 

Wyndham, Wadham, New Sarum. Against reduction of one Postmaster. 
Wynn, Charles Watkin Williams, Montgomeryshire, nephew of Lord 
Grenville ; a brother, Henry, who married a daughter of Lord Car- 
rington, has a pension, and is the famous young Wynn who got the 
four thousand a year embassy to Switzerland ; President of the Board 
of Controul, Colonel of Yeomanry Cavalry. For an account of this 
man, and the Grenville Sale, see page 127. 
Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, Denbighshire, brother of the last subject, 
cousin of the new Duke of Buckingham, and son-in-law of Lord Powis ; 
Colonel of Militia, Lord-Lieutenant and Custos-Rotulorum of the 
county of Denbigh; Steward of two Welsh manors. Three Ifynns 
in the Church with seven livings. Votes with the Treasury. 
This Member appears, also, to share largely in the sums paid out 
of the taxes for the support of the Volunteer Yeomanry. I'hrough- 
out Wales, we find, in the late return, no Riot Fees allowed, till we 
come to Sir W. W. Wynn, who commands the Denbigh corps, and 
this corps consumes, in riot fees, one thousand three hundred pounds. 
The whole of their expenses are near three thousand ! We noticed 
Mr. Wortley as being gratihed in a similar manner. In the county of 
York there are nine volunteer corps, yet there is little allowed for the 
suppression of riots and permanent duty, till we come to the Yorkshire 
Hussars and South York, commanded by Lord Grantham and Mr. 
W'ortley, and their joint suppression of riot fees amount to near three 
thousand pounds. We ought, also, to have noticed, that Colonel 
Bastard, M.P. Commandant of the South Hams Devon Yeomanry 
Cavalry, and Mr. Bradley, Commandant of the Newcastle Yeomanry, 
draw a heavy bonus, as riot fees, though no one ever heard of any 
rioting in these counties. 

When Lord Castlereagh was pressed to give something in the 
nature of an excuse or i)aUiation for the Swiss Job of „f4o00 a year to 
young AVynn, he informed Parliament that the salaries of diplomatic 
agents had been increased that they might be better enabled to keep 
up the dignity and honour ot Great Britain among foreign nations, 
and exercise a liberal hospitality towards their countrymen abroad. 
The hospitality alluded to, we suppose, was meant for the better 
entertainment of the \QO,000 patriotic Absentees, who spend no small 


Key to the Lower House. 

portion of the rent, tithes, and taxes of England in the dissipations of 
France and Italy. The liberal hospitality of young Wynn, however, 
has turned to be of a more considerate character; the hospitality of 
this fortunate youth is intended solely for the entertainment of his otun 
family. We learn from the newspapers that his brother, Sir Watkin 
Williams Wynn, and Lady Harriet Williams Wynn, and eight 
more Wynns, repaired to Berne to share the hospitalities of the 

generous youth, provided out of the taxes of the People of England, 
•h ! John Bull I John Bull! how thy good-nature is abused ! 
There is no parallel to the Swiss Job, except the Lisbon Job of Mr. 
Secretary Canning. It is well known that the son of this respectable 
gentleman, as Lord Eldon styles him, was in a declining state of 
health, and required a purer air ; when the father was sent Ambassador 
to Lisbon, where there was no court, at an expense to the country of 
eighteen thousand pounds. Here, too, was hospitality/, and keeping 
up the honour and dignity of the country 1 

Wynn, Owen, >S'//go. Voted agaiH*^ Catholic Emancipation, 1822; — no 
trace of attendance on other questions. 

Wyvill, Marmaduke, York, son of the Rev. Mr. Wyvill, a veteran friend 
of Major Cartwright in the cause of Parliamentary Reform. Voted 
for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry, t'or Lord J. Russell's 
reform; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Postmaster and Lay Lords, 
for Sir R. Wilson, for repeal of Salt Tax, for Reform ; moved for a 
large reduction of Taxes, as the only efficient mode of relieving the 
distresses of the country. Did not vote for Mr. Lambton's reform ; 
1822, for Civil-List inquiry ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; 
for reduction of Influence of the Crown; against Irish Tithe System; 
repeal of Window Tax. 

Yarmouth, Earl of, Camelford. Called to the Upper House. 

Yorke, Sir Joseph Sydney, Ryegate, brother to the Earl of Hardwicke ; 
Vice-Admiral of the White. Voted for reduction of one Postmaster 
otherwise with the Treasury. In the rotten borough of Ryegate the 
householders have nothing to do v.ith the election of representatives. 
The freeholds are the property of the Earl of Hardwicke, who nomi- 
nates his brother, and of Lord Sovters, who nominates his son. 


H. Porcher, Esq. as M.P. for Clitheroe. 
Charles Ross, Esq. M.P. for Orford, in the room of the 
late Marquis of Londonderry. 

N.B. The Parliamentary Return of the Salaries and Emoluments of Mem- 
bers of Parliament will be placed at the end of the Supplement. 


The Church. 


In the remarks we are about to ofler on the Church Establishment, 
we do not mean to meddle with the doctrines of the national religion. 
We have heard there are no fewer than one hundred different sects of 
Christians, and it would be great presumption in us, who are only laymen, 
and never thought much on divinity, to decide which of these multifarious 
modes of worship is most consonant with scripture. A certain Protestant 
Archbishop said, "Popery was only a religion of knaves and fools;" 
therefore, let us hope that the Church of England, to which the Right 
Reverend Prelate belonged, is a religion of honest ?nen. Our business 
is not with the doctrines, but the temporalities of the Church. To us the 
great possessions of the clergy have long appeared an immense waste, 
which wanted surveying and enclosing, if not by act of Parliament, by the 
act of the People. Like some political constitutions, our religious establish- 
ment has been undeservedly applauded ; it has been described as the 
most perfect in Europe ; yet we are acquainted with none in which 
abuses are more prevalent, in which there is so little real piety, so much 
intolerance, and in which the support of public worship is so vexatious and 
oppressive to the community. 

Most countries on the Continent have reformed t'leir church establish- 
ments : wherever a large property had accumulated in the heads of the 
clergy, such property has been applied to the service of the nation ; and 
we are now the only people who have a large mass of ecclesiastical wealth 


The Church. 

appropriated to the maintenance of. an indolent and luxurious priesthood. 
Even in papal Rome the church property has been sold to pay the national 
debt ; so that far more property belonging to the clergy is to be found in 
any part of England of equal extent than in the Roman state. The car- 
dinals of Rome, the bishops, canons, abbots, and abbesses, have no longer 
princely revenues. A cardinal who formerly had thousands has now only 
Jour or Jive hundred pounds a year. Residence is strictly enforced, and 
no such thing as pluralism is known ; the new proprietors of the Church 
estates live on them and improve them to the best advantage. In France, 
there has been a still greater ecclesiastical reformation. Before the revo- 
lution the clergy formed one-Jrfty-second part of the population. The total 
number of ecclesiastics, in 1789, was estimated at 460,000, and their 
revenues at ^f 7, 400, 000. In 1S21, the total number of clergymen, pro- 
testant and catholic, was 35,643, and their total income only ,£1,047,837. 
Throughout Germany and Italy there have been great reforms in spiritual 
matters ; the property of the Church has been sold or taxed for the use of 
the State, and the enormous incomes of the higher have been more 
equally shared among the lower order of the clergy. In Spain, the estates 
of the Church are now on sale for the use of the nation. The proceeds, 
which are estimated to produce 186 millions, exclusive of tithes and other 
dues of the clergy, will more than pay otif the public debt of that rege- 
nerated country. The tithe has been reduced one-half, and yet, under 
the new sijstein, is found amply sufficient for the maintenance of the 
priesthood. In Portugal, the plan hitherto adopted has been somewhat 
different : tiie property of the Church is not on sale, as in Spain, but the 
ecclesiastical revenues are ordered to be paid into the public treasury, in 
proportion oi forty to seventy per cent, according to the case. The 
Spanish plan is much better, and no doubt will be ultimately adopted in 

Wherever these reforms have been made they have been productive of 
the most beneficial effects ; they have been favourable to religion and 
morality, to the real interests of the people, and even to the interests of 
the great body of the clergy themselves ; they have broke the power of an 
order of men at all times cruel and tyrannical, at all times opposed to 
reform, to the progress of knowledge, and the most salutary ameliorations ; 
they have diffused a spirit of toleration among all classes, removed the 
restrictions imposed by selfish bigotry, and opened an impartial career to 
virtue and talent in all orders ; they have spread plenty in the land, paid 
the debts of nations, and converted the idle and vicious into useful citizens, 



The Church. 

Wherever these changes have been introduced they have been gratefully 
received by the People, and well they might ; for, with such changes, their 
happiness is identified — liberty and intelligence diffused. 

To England, however, the spirit of ecclesiastical improvement has not 
yet extended ; though usually foremost in reform, we are now behind all 
nations in our ecclesiastical establishment ; though the Church of England 
is ostentatiously styled the reformed Church, it is, in truth, the most un- 
reformed of all the churches. Popery, in temporal matters at least, 
is a more reformed religion than the Church of England. There is no 
state, however debased by superstition, where the clergy enjoy such pro- 
digious wealth. The revenues of our priesthood exceed the revenues of 
either Austria or Prussia. We complain of the poor-rates, of the " dead 
charge,'^ of the army and navy, but these together do not equal the 
burden of the Church. We complain, too, of overgrown salaries and 
enormous sinecures ; but what are all these abuses, grievous as they are, to 
the abuses in our Church establishment, to the sinecure wealth of the 
bishops, dignitaries, and aristocratical rectors and vicars ? It is said, and 
we believe truly, that the clergymen of the Church of England and 
Ireland receive, in the year, more money tlian all the rest of the Christian 
world put together. Our national clergy cost, at least, seven times more 
than the national clergy of France, while, in France, there are twenty- 
nine millions of catholics ; whereas, of the twenty-one millions of people, 
comprising the population of our islands, less than one-third, or seven 
millions, are hearers of the Established Religion. 

Such a system it is not possible can endure. While reform and reduction 
are in progress in other departments, it is not likely the Clergy should 
remain in undisturbed enjoyment of their possessions. To protect them 
from inquiry, they have neither prescriptive right nor good works to 
plead. As a body they have not, latterly, at least, been very remarkable 
for their learning, nor some of them for exalted notions of morality. 
It would be unfair to judge any class from one or two individual examples; 
but it cannot be denied that the name of the Established Clergy has been 
associated with the most disastrous measures in the history of the country. 
To the latest period of the first war against American independence out 
of the twenty-six English bishops, Shipley was the only prelate who voted 
against the war-faction. Watson was the only bishop who ventured to 
raise his voice against the French crusade, and he, in the latter part of his 
life, appeared to falter in his independence. 

Public education is a subject that appears to have a peculiar claim on the 


The Church. 

attention of the Clergy ; but it is asiibject that has been generally neglected 
by them. Had not a jealousy of the Dissenters roused them into activity, 
neither the Bell nor Lancaster plans of education would have been encou- 
raged by them. They have always manifested either indifference or open 
hostility to the instruction of the People, and in numerous instances appro- 
priated to themselves the funds left for the purpose of teaching. Their 
encouragement of the Bridge-street Association shows their apprehensions 
from the diffusion of knowledge: of 776 subscribers to the "gang" 130 
were in holy orders, many of them bishops and dignitaries. Their 
conduct on the trial of the Queen cannot be forgotten ; such a woful 
example of ignorance and servility was never before witnessed; though 
wallowing in wealth and abundance— ministers, too, of a religion which, of 
all others, inculcates charity and hospitality, yet they seem to have no 
bowels for the poor and destitute. At the late meetings for the dis- 
tressed Irish, it was remarked that not a single Irish bishop attended, 
though it is notorious that the immense sums drawn by that class have been 
the chief cause of the miseries of the people. The late Winchester regula- 
tions were drawn up by clergymen of the Established Church. In these 
abominable regulations, it is provided, an English labourer shall not have 
more than three shillings a week for his maintenance — for house-rent, 
clothes, fire, and food ; a single woman to have two shillings and six- 
pence a week, and no more; a woman with owe child to have three 
shillings and six-pence a week, and no more. It is further provided, 
that, if any neglect or refuse to perform the work found for them, they shall 
be punished as the law directs .' 

These allowances were made at the Petty Sessions, at Winchester, on the 
31st day of August, 1822. Of the eight magistrates who attended, five 
were clergymen, another magistrate was a loan-contractor, the remaining 
two, we believe, held, or were related to families who held, valuable prefer- 
ments in Church and State. The/t)e parson Justices were all PLURALISTS. 
The reverend Chairman had no fewer than six livings in the Church, 
besides a golden prebend at Winchester. Another parson Justice was the 
brother of a Peer, and had two livings ; another was a Doctor of Divinity, 
and held four livings ; the remaining two, one had three, and the 
other two livings. 

Such facts as these do not apply to individuals, but to masses of the 
Clergy, and, as such, may be considered as offering some criterion of 
their character. Indeed the general inferiority of the clergy might be 
inferred from their circumstances : living in wealth and indolence, they ar« 


Hie Church. 

liable to all the vices which wealth and indolence engender. Hence it 
happens, when any extraordinary example of turpitude comes to light, 
it is remarkable if a member of the Church establishment is not implicated 
in the transaction. No one can read the newspapers without being con- 
vinced of the fact ; the police reports being often filled with details of 
clerical delinquency. When there is an instance of magisterial oppression, 
or monstrous unnatural crime, it is surprising if some fatiier in God, some 
venerable archdeacon, some very reverend dean, or some other reverend 
and holy person, be not accused or suspected. In this respect the 
Established Clergy resemble the clergy of the church of Rome before the 
reformation ; it is known that the catholic priesthood in the fourteent'i 
century exceeded all other classes in the licentiousness of their lives, their 
oppression, and rapacity ; it is known, too, that their vices arose from the 
immense wealth they enjoyed, and that this wealth was the ultimate cause 
of their downfal. 

To the Church of England, in the abstract, we have no particular ob- 
jection ; we only object to the abuses that exist in its administration. We 
object to the greatness of its possessions, to which it has no just claim, and 
which possessions are oppressive to the people, and injurious to the most 
useful part of the clergy. We object, also, to the abuse of church 
patronage, to clerical sinecures, and to the unequal manner in which the 
ecclesiastical revenues are divided. It is these classes of abuse we are 
going to expose ; and, as we have a good deal to say of each, it may be 
proper to state our arrangement of the subject. First, we shall show that 
Church property is public property, and available for public objects. 
Secondly, we shall treat on the various Emoluments of the Clergy, from 
tithes, church fees, public charities, and other sources. Thirdly, of 
Church Patronage and its perversion to political and family objects. 
Fourthly, of Church Discipline. Fifthly, we shall compare the principles 
and revenues of the Established Church of England with the Established 
Churches of other countries. Lastly, we shall give an Alphabetical List 
of all the Pluralists in England and Wales, showing the number of livings 
and other preferments held by each individual, and the names of their 
patrons, their family connexions and influence. A full exposition of these 
topics will hardly leave any thing further to be desired in respect of the 
Church Establishment. First and foremost then, that 

Church Property is Public Property. 

No one contends now that Tithe is of divine authority ; even Bishop Beres- 
FORD has given up the position. There never was a religion, either Jew or 


The Church. 

Gentile, that could legally claim a tenth of the yearly produce of land and labour. 
For the clergy to be entitled to a tenth, they ought to form one-tenth of the 
population ; but there never was a mode of worship which required one- 
tenth of the people to be teachers and ministers. The tribe of Levi had a 
tenth, because they formed a tenth of the population, and had no other 
inheritance; but Aaron and his sons had only a tenth of that tenth, so that 
the clergy received no more than the hundredth part, the remainder being 
for other uses, for the rest of the Levites, for the poor, the stranger, the 
widow, the orphan, and the temple. 

Christianity contains less authority for tithe than Judaisin. Christ and 
his Apostles unceasingly taught poverty and humility to their followers, 
and contempt of worldly goods. Hear their exhortations : " Carry neither 
scrip nor shoes ; into whatever house ye enter, say. Peace." " Take no care 
what ye shall eat, nor what ye shall drink, nor for your bodies what ye shall 
put on." " Beware of covetousness ; seek not what ye shall eat, but seek the 
kingdom of God." "Give alms; provide yourselves with bags that wax 
not old, a treasure in Heaven that faileth not." Again, " Distribute unto 
the poor, and seek treasures in Heaven." And, again, '< Take care that your 
hearts be not charged with surfeiting and drunkenness, and the cares of this 

In all this there is no authority for tithing, and the fathers of the Church 
were equally hostile to this species of extortion. The council of Antioch, 
in the fourth century, allowed the bishops to distribute the goods of the 
Church, but to have no part to themselves. " Have food and raiment, 
be therewith content," says the canon. It was only as real Christianity 
declined that tithing began. When the simple worship of Christ was cor- 
rupted by the adoption of Jewish and Pagan ceremonies; when the Saints 
and Martyrs were put in the room of the Heathen Deities ; when the 
altars, the bishops, prebends, and other corruptions were introduced ; then 
tithes commenced to support the innovations on the primitive faith. They 
were first demanded as charity, and held as a trust for the poor. They 
were introduced into England by murder ; Offa, king of Mercia, granted 
the tithe of his subjects' goods to expiate the murder of Ethelbert, king of 
the East Angles. In France, in England, and probably in all Christian 
countries, they were divided into four portions ; one for the bisliop, one 
for the poor, one for the repair of the Church, and one for the priest. 

They have been always considered the property of the State, as well as 
other branches of ecclesiastical revenue. This position clearly appears 
from the proceedings at the reformation of the Church, in the reign of 
Henry VIII. At that period a commission was appointed to investigate 


The Church. 

the abuses of the Church; a return was made of the value of all monaste- 
ries and religious houses, of parochial livings, episcopal and cathedral 
dignitaries, and every other species of ecclesiastical revenue, and the 
whole entered in a book called Liber Rcgalis, or the King's Book. It is 
the only authentic survey of the revenues of theChurch; and the result was 
an entire new disposition of ecclesiastical property. Large masses of it 
w-ere given to courtiers and noblemen ; a portion of it was retained in the 
hands of the king ; and the remainder appropriated to the maintenance of 
the reformed religion. It is calculated one-fourth of the tithes and abbey- 
lands passed into the hands of laymen. No claim appears to have been 
set up that the property was sacred, and in every succeeding period it has 
been treated in a similar manner. It has been always considered public proper- 
ty, and the government, for the time being, whether a monarchy under a 
Tudor, or a commonwealth under Cromwell, has always exercised the 
right of applying it to secular uses, or to the maintenance of whatever 
form of faith might be in vogue, whether Catholic, Protestant, or 

Down to our own time the same principle has been constantly encouraged 
by parliament. In the numerous acts of parliament, at the close of the 
last reign, for regulating the sale and exchange of parsonage-houses and 
glebe-lands, of mortgages in cases of buildings and repairs, church property 
is invariably treated as public property, the ownership of which is vested 
in the State. Were it not so, the legislature could have no more right to in- 
terfere in the disposal of the property of the Church than the property of 
other persons. The possessor of an estate can sell it to another in his life- 
time, or, after his death, bequeath it to posterity ; but the clergy have no 
such power over their possessions. They have, at most, only a life- 
interest ; and even of that they may be disinherited at the pleasure of their 
diocesan. The tenure of their property is the same as that by which Mr. 
Canning holds the office of Secretary of State, or Mr. Croker the 
Secretaryship of the Admiralty. 

The rights and constitution of the Established Clergy resembles those of 
the Army ; they have their own laws, and may be tried by their own 
courts, A regular subordination exists from the lowest to the highest; 
from the curates, who are privates in the ecclesiastical corps, to the rectors 
and vicars, who are regimental officers ; from thence to the bishops and 
archbishops, who are generals and field-marshals : there are, also, district 
generals, inspectors, and quarter-masters, under the names of archdeacons, 
deans, and prebends. The bishops have their regular staff of commissaries, 
chaplains, secretaries, and apothecaries. No clergyman can be absent 


The Church. 

without leave, and is liable to be broke or cashiered for neglect of duty. 
The king is the supreme head of the Church and the Army, and 
appoints to all the principal commissions. Supplies are voted by the 
Lower House for both branches of service ; either may be augmented or 
diminished, or entirely discontinued, as circumstances require. Lastly, the 
military have the same property in their muskets, barracks, and accoutre- 
ments, that the clergy have in their pulpits, tithes, and cathedrals : both, 
we suspect, may be sold like old stores, when the good of the state requires 

Such being the tenure of ecclesiastical immunities, what base sophistry 
it appears in lawyer Plunket, just when he had obtained four thousand 
a year, asv fees, to contend that the property of the Church is as sacred 
as any other property. There never was any analogy betwixt the rights 
of individuals and the rights of the Church. The Church has always held 
its possessions on the same tenure as the military and other public servants, 
and this principle has been constantly acted on by the legislature. Having 
established this important point, we shall not enlarge on the grievance of 
tithes and present disposition of church property ; these points will be 
sufficiently established in the subjects that follow. 

Emoluments of' the Clergy. 

The emoluments of the Established Clergy are drawn from so many 
sources that their total amount cainiot be estimated. The bulk of eccle- 
siastical revenue consists in tithe ; but, besides tithe, an immense revenue 
is drawn from other sources. The Clergy are almost in entire possession 
of the revenue of charitable foundations. They hold, excbisively, the 
professorships, fellowships, and tutorships of the universities and public 
schools. Immense landed property is attached to the sees, cathedrals, and 
collegiate churches. The clergy have, also, a very considerable income 
from glebe-lands, surplice-fees, preacherships in the royal chapels, lecture- 
ships, town-assessments, Easter-offerings, and stipends of chapels of ease, 
chaplainships in the army and navy, chaplainships to embassies, corporate 
bodies, and commercial companies ; besides which, they monopoli2ie nearly 
all profitable offices in public institutions, as trustees, librarians, secre- 
taries, &c. 

Most statements of clerical income which we have seen are limited to 
a valuation of titiie and the real property of the Church. A parliamentary 
commission appointed to investigate the number of the clergy, the number 
of livings, dignitaries, and other emoluments, also, their relationships 


The Church. 

connexions, possessions, &c. would be of incalculable utility. The bishops, 
who hold the cliief estates of the Church, and to whom the parochical 
clergy, on obtaining licenses for curates and dispensation for plurality, are 
required by law to state the yearly value of their benefices, could furnish 
the chief information. But even this would be insufficient ; nothing 
would throw complete light on ecclesiastical abuses, but every member 
of the establishment, whether in lay or spiritual capacity, returning a 
statement of his emoluments and duties. It is a subject well worthy the 
attention of the member for Aberdeen ; but we have no hope that 
either he or any individual could pursue the inquiry with success under the 
present system. The same consciousness of hidden rottenness and iniquity, 
which deter the Legislature from inquiring into the state of the representa- 
tion, v/ould also ueter them irom examin'.ig the far greater abuses of the 
Church Establishment. We shall, liowever, do our duty, and if we cannot 
furnish complete information, we can, we believe, make such a statement 
as will show the necessity of inquiry, and a radical reform of the Church. 

At page 310 of the Black Book, an attempt is made to estimate the in- 
comes of different classes of the clergy ; since then we have thought more 
on the subject, and have seen various statements of the revenues of the 
Church of England. In the Morning Chronicle, there have appeared, latterly, 
valuable details on ecclesiastical abuses, with the comments of the editor. 
A pamphlet, too, on the Consumption of Public Wealth by the Established 
Clergy, contains interesting facts, not only relative to the English clergy, but 
the Clergy of every Christian nation. The writer of the work has given 
the following estimate of church property, which we will insert for the sake 
of offering a few observations on his statement. 

Estimates of the Revenues and Propertij of the Established Church in 
England and iralcs. 
Annual value of the gross produce of the land of 

England and Wales ,£150,000,000 

One-third of the land of England and Wales 
not subject to tithe for the clergy, being 
either tithe-free or lay-impropriations 50,000,000 

Leaving the amount on which tithes for the 

clergy are levied 100,000,000 

Supposing the clergy to levy one-sixteenth they 

get 6/250,000 

Tithes 6, ''30,000 


The Church. 

Estates of the bishops and ecclesiastical corpo- 
rations e£l,000,000 

Assessments in towns, on houses, &c 250,000 

Chapels of ease stipends 100,000 

Total ^"7,600,000 

The deficiencies of this statement are apparent in the omission of all 
estimates of the emoluments of the clergy from public charities, church 
fees, and other sources. The revenue of charitable foundations has been 
estimated, by Mr. Brougham, at near two millions a year. From the 
tenure of charitable endowments, the clergy have almost entire possession 
of this immense fund. In England and Wales, according to the return under 
the Gilbert Act, there are 3898 school chartities of which the clergy enjoy 
the exclusive emolument ; and in the remaining charities, they largely par- 
ticipate as trustees, or other capacity. The pious credulity of our ancestors 
induced them to place implicit reliance on the clergy, little foreseeing how 
their confidence would be abused. Three-fourths of charitable property, 
at least, were thus placed at the mercy of ecclesiastics. It is certain, that, 
in the recent inquiry into public charities, the worst abuses were found under 
their management. The school of Pocklington, in Yorkshire, was a 
flagrant instance, in which a member of the Established Church was re- 
ceiving a snug income of nine hundred pounds a year for teaching one 
scholar. A right reverend prelate, who had been left in trust, and his 
family, had appropriated to themselves the funds of the Mere and Spital 
charities. In the principal foundations in the metropolis and neighbourhood, 
in the Charter-house, Christ's hospital, the great schools of Westminster, 
St. Paul's, Harrow, and Rugby, they derive great advantages as wardens, 
visiters, provosts, high masters, senior masters, ushers, and assistants. 
Many of these offices are held by pluralists, who are, also, dignitaries, and 
yield salaries of of 800 a year, besides allowances for house-rent, vegetables, 
and linen, and large pensions of one thousand a year, or so, on retirement. 
The present head master of the Charter-house, and the late and present 
head master of St. Paul's schools, are examples of this sort of monopoly. 
In the colleges of Eton and Winchester, again, the Established Clergy 
have a nice patrimony. The government of these foundations is vested in 
a certain number of reverend fellows, and a provost, who is a reverend also. 
The value of a fellowship, including allowance for coals, candles, and 
gowns, is about ^1000 a year, and a provostship, in good years, has netted 
o£2500 per annum; besides which, the fellows generally help themselves to 



The Church. 

a good/a^ living or two, which are in the gift of the colleges. Again, the 
Established Clergy have exclusive possessions of the revenues of the Univer- 
sities to the exclusion of Dissenters, and all persons of delicate consciences, 
who are scrupulous about taking oaths, and subscribing to modes of faith 
they neitlier believe nor understand. The value of a university fellowship 
is somewhat less than a fellowship at Eton or Winchester; but, then 
there are the professorships and tutorships, which, bringing the possessor 
in contact with the youth of the aristocracy and gentry, lead to livings and 
dignities. Numerous livings are also in the gift of the Universities as well 
as the other charities we have mentioned, though wc believe some of the 
offices in the Universities are incompatible witli church-preferment; but 
then the livings are given to the next of kin, or otherwise negotiated, so 
that they are never lost to iha family. 

From these details one may conclude the Established Clergy share largely 
in the revenues of Public Charities ; probably to the amount of twelve 


Surplice-Fees form another abundant source of revenue, which is omitted 
in the foregoing estimate. Originally, surplice-fees were paid only by the 
rich, and were intended for charity : what was formerly a voluntary gift has 
been converted into a demand, and instead of the poor receiving these dona- 
tions they are pocketted by the Clergy, and poor as well as rich are now 
compelled to pay fees on burials, marriages, churchings, and christenings. 
The total sums netted from this source we have no means of estimating cor- 
rectly. In London, church-fees are supposed to be equal to one-third of 
the priests' salary. Beside the regular fee, it is usual, on the burial of opu- 
lent people, to get a compliment of a guinea.oi" more for hat-band and gloves ; 
at marriages, five guineas ; at christenings, a guinea. Similar practices pre- 
vail in the country ; and probably the total revenue derived from fees and 
gratuities is little short of one million a year. The Rev. Mr. Cove, whose 
estimate of Church property is seldom more than one-half of \t.?, real amount, 
calculates the annual value of the glebe and surplice fees of each parish, on 
an average, at o£4() a year, making, according to him, a tax upon the popu- 
lation of half a million per annum. 

Easter and Whitsun Offerings form a third source of ecclesiastical emolu- 
ment. These Offerings, or Dues, as they are sometmics called, are certain 
customary payments at Easter and all church festivals, to which every in- 
habitant-housekeeper is liable. Their amount varies in ditR'rent parts of the 
country. In the North they commonly pay sixpence in lieu of an offering 
hen; a shilling in lieu of an offering goose or turkey; one penny, called 


The Church. 

smoke penny ; one penny-halfpenny for every person or communicant above 
the age of sixteen, and so on. We have no means of judging the annual 
value of these good things. All that we can say is, that in some parts they 
are very pertinaciously levied, and considered by the Established Clergy as a 
part of their " ancient rights." Probably the value of Easter-Offerings 
may be taken at one hundred thousand a year. The lectureships are 
another branch of clerical income. Where there is no endowment for a 
lectureship, the parishioners, if they fancy a novelty of this sort, in addi- 
tion to the ordinary routine of church-service, provide one at their own 
charge. The value of a lectureship of course varies with the number and 
liberality of the subscribers. No person can officiate as lecturer unless ap- 
proved by the incumbent and diocesan. Frequent squabbles arise from this 
cause ; the parishioners choosing a popular preacher, who, from scurvy jea- 
lousy, is not approved by the less-gifted incumbent. The lectureships are 
generally held with other preferments. Their total value may be stated at 

SIXTY thousand A YEAR. 

The last branches of revenue we shall notice are chaplainships and those 
public offices which the Clergy may be said to hold ex officio, and to which 
they have always the preference. The value of chaplainships to the nobility, 
to embassadors, public bodies, and commercial companies, must be con- 
siderable ; but of the value of these, and of the places held by the Clergy 
in public institutions, it is hardly possible to estimate. Suppose ten thou- 
sand a year. 

These appear the most material items omitted by the author of the Con- 
sumption of Public Wealth. His statement of " Tithe and the value of 
Ecclesiastical Corporations" are probably near tlie truth, and we shall adopt 
his estimate. His estimate, with our additions, will exhibit the Revenues of 
the Church as under : — 

Revenues of the Church of England. 

Tithe .£6,250,000 

Estates of the Bishops and Ecclesiastical Corporations 1,000,000 

Assessments in Towns 250,000 

Chapels of Ease Stipends ...*« . 100,000 

£ 7,600,000 
Public Ciiarities — Universities, Eton and Winchester 


The Church. 

Colleges, Charter-House, Christ's Hospital, St. Paul's 
Schools, and other School-Charities in England and 

Wales 1,200,000 

Surplice-Fees 1,000,000 

Easter-Offerings 100,000 

Lectureships 60,000 

Chaplainships and Offices in Public Institutions 100,000 

J: 10,060,000 

This is a pretty round sum for the maintenance of the state religion. The 
next inquiry is the number of individuals among whom this ten millions of 
Church-revenue is divided. 

On this point many exaggerated statements have appeared ; some making 
the number of clergymen amount to eighteen thousand; but we are con- 
vinced, from actual enunaeration of the different classes of ecclesiastics, that 
they do not exceed two-thirds of that number. The only description of 
ecclesiastics whose number cannot be ascertained with precision are the in- 
ferior classes connected with the catliedrals and collegiate churches ; all the 
rest we can easily reckon up from the Ecclesiastical Directory, which con- 
tains the names of all the Parochial and Dignified Clergy. From this work, 
and the assistance of Cove, on the Church-Revenues, we have made out the 
following enumeration: 

Bishops .^. 26 

Deans 26 

Archdeacons 60 

Prebends, Canons, and other Cathedral Dignitaries 544 

Minor Canons, Vicars Choral, and Priest Vicars 300 

Singing Men, Choristers, Vergers, and other Lay Officers 

belonging to Cathedral and Collegiate Churches 800 

Rectors, Vicars, Curates, &c. in England and Wales .... 6,724 


This statement gives a greater number of individuals than are actually 
connected with the Ciiurch. Many of the Bishops and Dignitaries, from 
holding subordinate offices and being also rectors and vicars, are twice enu- 
merated, being included in the classes in which they hold these preferments. 
Any trifling excess, however, from this circumstance, will be compensated 
from a deficiency on another head. There are many persons in lioly orders 


who, from being in seminaries of education, or in want of a patron, do not 
enjoy any preferment, and are, consequently, omitted in the above enume- 
ration. The number of these cannot be great ; but, belonging to the 
clerical body, they are entitled to share in the Church property. The total 
number of the Established Clergy, including the lay officers, may be taken 
at nine thousand, and their annual income ten millions, which gives the 
average income of each individual oflllO. 

Those who make the Established Clergy amount to 18,000, we suppose, 
include the parish-clerk, sexton, and grave-digger ; but as these servants of 
the Church are not, we believe, in holy orders, they ought not to be in- 
cluded in the ecclesiastical body any more than the groom, valet, or other 
menials of clergymen. Leaving out these individuals the annual average 
income of the Clergy appears almost incredible. We shall find, however, 
that this enormous revenue, though taking largely from the comforts of all 
classes, is scarcely productive of benefit to any. We shall find that the 
chief good from it is to add wealth where wealth is already too abundant ; 
to Increase the inequalities of fortune, which it is the object of good insti- 
tutions to prevent; and, from the unequal manner it is divided, to expose 
a body of men to the opposite evils of penury and vicious affluence. 

This is the greatest evil in our ecclesiastical system. Neither justice nor 
common sense prevails in the distribution of Church property. It is not the 
prize of learning, nor piety, nor even of illustrious birth. Though there 
is a gradation of rank in the Church, there is no corresponding gradation 
of income. A rector has frequently a more princely income than a bishop. 
Yet we are told the incomes of the higher orders of ecclesiastics are to 
enable them to rear their mitred fronts in courts and palaces to reprove 
" presumptuous vice !" If one bishop requires a large revenue to support 
his dignity in high places so does another. Yet there is no proportion in 
their incomes: one having only two or three thousand a year — another has 
thirty or forty thousand a year. The same inequality prevails among other 
classes of the Clergy : some deans have ten thousand, others probably 
not a tenth of that sum ; some rectors have four thousand, others less than 
four hundred. We shall have occasion to say more on these incongruities 
in our next subject. 

Church Patronage. 

The patronage of the Church may be said to be entirely in the Crown. 
The King's direct patronage is the bishoprics, all the deaneries, 39 pre- 
bends, 8 canonries, and 1000 livings. He has, indirectly, the remainder 


The Church. 

of Church patronage. No one is eligible to Church-preferment un.less first 
ordained by the bishop ; when eligible, no one can enjoy any benefice un- 
less instituted by a bishop : the bishops, therefore, by ordination and 
institution, have a double power to exclude obnoxious persons : and the 
bishops themselves being appointed by the king, the latter has, virtually, 
the whole patronage of the Church, having a veto on all ecclesiastical ap- 
pointments by the Aristocracy, the Gentry, Cathedrals, or other bodies in 
which Church patronage is vested. 

It is easy to conceive how much the power of the Crown is thereby aug- 
mented. The Clergy, from superior education, from their wealth and 
sacred profession, possess greater influence than any other order of men, 
and all the influence they possess is as much subservient to Government as 
the Army or Navy, or any other branch of public service. We see the 
effect of this on various occasions. There is no question, however unpo- 
pular, which may not obtain some countenance by the influence of the 
Clergy : being everywhere, and having much to lose and a great deal to 
expect, they are always conspicuous in their devotion to the powers that be. 
Hence their zeal in getting up what are technically called " loyal addresses," 
which was strikingly evinced on the prosecution of the late Queen. Where- 
ever a loyal address was obtained, it was generally obtained by the aid of 
the Reverend Rector, the Very Reverend Dean, or the Venerable Arch- 

The patronage of the Church is saleable, and offices have been established 
in tiie metropolis to carry on this species of spiritual traffic. The sale of 
Church-preferment is contrary to law, but the law is evaded, and the evasion 
so notorious that no one would think of disposing of ecclesiastical preferment, 
except to a relation or dependent, without a valuable consideration. 

In some offices the trade in the cure of souls is combined with medical 
practice. The following is an advertisement of an office of this descrip- 
tion from the Times : — 

To the Medical and Clerical Professions.— The necessity of an Establishment for 
the purpose of facilitating the Disposal of Medical Practices and Clerical Endow- 
ments having been forcibly pointed out to R. B , by many gentlemen in both 

professions, he has been induced to open an office at , where he trusts, by 

a strict attention to those gentlemen who may honour him with their commands, and 
the most inviolable secrecy, to deserve their patronage. Young Medical and 
Clerical Gentlemen wishing to obtain situations as Assistants will meet with every 

Besides being sold for money, spiritual pruferment is devoted to political 


The Church. 

objects, and to the emolument of powerful families, chiefly the nobility. 
Few individuals attain high honour in the Church, unless remarkable for 
their devotion to government ; any show of liberality or independence is 
fatal to ecclesiastical ambition, as may be instanced in the history of a 
Watson, a Paley, or a Shipley. On the contrary, hostility to reform, de- 
votion to Ministers, and alacrity in supporting them on all occasions, is sure 
to be rewarded. It would be curious to learn the claims to promotion of 
tlie individuals now filling the episcopal bench. One of the most orthodox 
we know was a political pamphleteer, who wrote a book in favour of Pitt's 
war; after which he received a pension, then a bishopric. Seven Right 
Reverend Prelates have been private tutors to noblemen ; nine others are 
related to the Aristocracy, and the remaining eight, for ought we know may 
have been indebted to aristocratical influence, or enjoying as they do the 
poorest sees, may have been recommended by piety or learning. This is 
an entire perversion of ecclesiastical wealth and honour, which were not 
intended for secular but spiritual objects. 

One of the greatest abuses in patronage is monopoly in a few individuals 
of influence and connexion, sharing among them the most valuable emolu- 
ments of the Church, In all spiritual offices and dignities, there is great 
difference in value and also in patronage, and the great object of ecclesias- 
tical intrigue is to secure not only the most valuable but the greatest number 
of preferments. Hence arises the present disposition of Church property. 
Scarcely any preferment is held single ; the Sees, Dignities, and Rectories, 
being mostly held with other good things, and the most valuable mono- 
polized by the relations and connexions of those who have the disposal of 
them; namely, the Crown and Aristocracy. The bishops are frequently 
rectors, vicars, and curates, besides hokling professorsnips, clerkships, pre- 
bends, precentorships, and other offices in cathedrals. Their sons, sons-in- 
law, brothers, and nephews, are also preferred to the most valuable prefer- 
ments in the diocese. We will give an instance of the manner of sharing 
the loaves and fishes of the Church among particular families, from the 
example of Sparke, the present Bishop of Ely, who owed his promotion to 
the Rutland interest. This man and his family are provided for as under : 
The Bishop's See of Ely and dependencies, exclusive of patronage ^18,000 

The Bishop's eldest son, the Rev. John Henry Sparke, a 

prebend in Cathedral of Ely o£'400 

Examining Chaplain to the Bishop 100 

Registrar to the Diocese of Ely 300 

Lay Rector of Littlebury . 303 

Chief Steward of Wisbeach, Burton, and other Rlanors 200 


The Church. 

Rectory of Streathatn, increased by a Chancery Suit . . 1200 
Rectory of Cottenhain, now ^1500, and by a suit in 

progress to be made 3000 

The Bislio[)'s son-in law, the Rev Edw. Fardalc, a prc- 

bendal Stall in Cathedral of Ely 400 

Rector of Tidd, St. Mary 800 

Vicar of Waterbeacli 400 



In the Ordination Service a bishop is said to be intrusted with office for 
*' the glory of God, and the edification of the Christian flock." He is 
particularly enjoined not to be " covetous," nor " greedy of filthy lucre," 
and he promises to be " faithful in ordaining, sending, and laying hands on 
others." How far Bishop Sparke has observed these matters, we shall not 
presume to say ; it is obvious, however, that the faithful discharge of tlie 
duties of his office, do not allow the " sending" of relations and con- 
nexions on the service of the Church, unless duly and properly qualified. 
For any thing we know, his son and son-in-law may be amply qualified for 
these numerous endowments ; indeed, they must be young men of extraor- 
<linary capabilities, to be able to discharge the duties of so many and 
important offices. 

Bishop Sparke is not the only prelate who has shown some regard to the 
temporal welfare of his family. Other prelates seem to agree with Mr. 
Plunket, in considering Church property as private property, which cannot 
be better employed than in providing handsome marriage portions for their 
sons and daughters. The present Archbishop of Canterbury has been con- 
spicuous this way. We have no means of stating all the preferments in his 
Grace's family; but the following is the way he has provided for one 

Hugh Percy, Son-in-law of the Archbishop. 

1S09, Chancellor of the Diocese of Salisbury £ 800 

1809r Curate of Barham 400 

1809, Rector of Bishopbourne - 1800 

1809, Rector of Ivy Church 1400 

181(5, Piebendary of Finsbury 3000 

1816, Prebendary of Canterbury 800 

1822, Arcluleacoii of Canterbury 1800 

i^ 10,000 


The Church. 

So much for being an Archbishop's son-in-law : what other claims this 
young gentleman had we do not know, except being son of the Earl of 
Beverley, first cousin to the Duke of Northumberland, and some way 
related to Stuart Wortley, M.P. for Yorkshire. We have put down the 
year when Hugh Percy came in possession of these good things; four of 
them were given in one year, which was probably the year of his marriage, 
when they were given as an outfit. 

Another daughter married a Croft, and this Croft has three livings, and a 
prebend at Ely. A nephew of the Archbishop has two livings, and the 
Lockwood's, who are marriage relations, have numerous livings. 

The family of the present Bishop of Winchester has been amply provided 
out of Church property: the following are a few of the offices the Right 
Reverend Prelate has heaped on his children while Bishop of Lincoln. 
G. T. Pretyman : 

Chancellor or Lincoln -j 

Rector of Wheathanistead JofS^OOO 

Rector of Harpenden ^ 

Richard Pretyman : 

Precentor of Lincoln 

Rector of Middleton Stoney > -^2 200 

Rector of Walgrove 

Vicar of Hannington 

John Prftybian : 

Rector of Warwick •% 

Rector of Sherrington >c£'2,000 

Prebendary of Lincoln ^ 

The Pretyman's have some other emoluments, but we do not wish to be 
tedious. The Bishop was patron of the Mere and Spital Charities, worth 
c£l400 a year. He made one son Master of Spital Hospital, the other son 
Warden of Mere, having first exchanged the Wardenship with Mr. Cuming 
for a living in his gift. 

There are other Pretyman's, but we repeat we do not wish to be nice. 
The cases we have cited will be sufficient to illustrate episcopal patronage. 
The death of a bishop causes a movement in the Church, like a change of 
ministers in the State. Expectations are excited, numerous removes fol- 
low, the adherents and connexions of the deceased are got out of the way 
as fast as possible, and all vacancies filled with the followers of the new 
diocesan. No regard is apparently paid to " the faithful ordaining, sending, 
or laying hands on others j" the great object is to secure the dignities, the fat 


' >=f 2,2 


The Church, 

living, the fine living, the noble living to the next of kin. The excessive 
greediness of filthy lucre has long been the reproach of the episcopal bench, 
and it is known that former diocesans of London, Durham, Winchester, 
and Canterbury, have died loaded with the spoils of the Church. The 
wealth they amassed was due to the poor, to God, and the unfortunate of 
their own order. In the epistle which is read at their consecration, it is 
required of them that they should " be given to hospitality ;" they like- 
wise solemnly promise to assist the " indigent, and all strangers who are 
destitute of Jielp." But whoever heard of a bishop being generous, of being 
given to hospitality, or assisting the indigent : whoever heard of them em- 
ploying their immense revenues in any useful work ; of their patronage of 
science, of literature, or the arts. All that we know of their liberality is 
their treatment of their Secretaries, some of whom we are told on good 
authority have been driven to despair, from inability to obtain their stipends 
to support themselves and families. They have no bowels even for the 
indigent of their own class : in the rich diocese of Durham it is known 
begging subscriptions are had every year for the poor Clergy ; and measures 
introduced into Parliament for the general relief of the inferior Clergy have 
usually failed from the opposition of the higher class of ecclesiastics. 

We come next to Parochial Patronage. In this branch of ecclesiastical 
patronage, there is the same abuse as prevails in the higher departments of 
the Church. The most valuable benefices, like the most valuable sees 
and dignities, fall into the hands of those whose chief claims are their 
families and connexions. By bringing forward the poor livings, it is usual 
to make out a favourable case for the Parocliial Clergy ; but from the small 
number of individuals among whom parochial preferments are shared, there 
is no class except the Curates entitled to much sympathy. In England and 
Wales there are 11,593 parochial offices, rectories, vicarages, and curacies, 
which are shared among 6,719 individuals in various proportions. The sub- 
ject will be at once illustrated from the following classification of Parochial 
Patronage, drawn up from data in the Ecclesiastical Directory. 
Parochial Patronage, showing the Number of Individuals, and the 
Number of Rectories, Vicarages, and Curacies, held by each. 
Number nf Livings held Total Number 

hulivuixiids. hii each. cf Livings. 

1 ^34 34 

1 j:. 25 

1 JO '20 

2 13 30 


The Church. 

3 13 39 

1 , 12 12 

2 ...11 22 

4 « 10 40 

11 9 99 

7 8 56 

11 7 77 

27 6 162 

89 5 445 

247 4 988 

708 3 2124 

1816 2 3632 

3788 1 3788 

6719 11,593 

We learn from this statement, that out of 6719, the number of Parochial 
Clergy of all denominations, 2936, or nearly one-half, are pluralists. 
Many who have four, five, and six livings and more hold also other offices 
and dignities. There is one of the bishops with five livings besides other 
offices. One man, it seems, has thirty-four livings. What an extraor- 
dinary divine to be able to administer his spiritual duties in thirty-four 
parishes ! We hardly need remark, that those, who are in possession of the 
greatest number and most valuable benefices, are connected by marriage, 
politics, or in some other way with those who have the disposal of them. 
Indeed, it is impossible to peruse the list of dignitaries and highly beneficed 
clergymen, without remarking that most of them are " honourable lum- 
ber," who have been handed over to the Church, from inability to succeed 
in the more arduous professions of the Law, the Army, or Navy. 

Church Discipline. 

In the Church almost every thing is done by deputy. This is a conse- 
quence naturally arising from the great wealth of the Establishment : when- 
ever large pays is annexed, great duties cannot be expected to be discharged. 
A person with a large income has two reasons for not burdening himself 
with official duty. First, he can afford to pay for a deputy ; secondly, the 
expenditure of his income necessarily requires a great deal of time, so that 
he has little leisure for more serious avocations. Hence has arisen sine- 
curism in both Church and State ; these offices with large emolument? 
being generally executed by deputy, those with small emoluments 


The Church. 

in person. Thus have the lay and spiritual servants of the public been 
divided into two classes ; one class receiving all the emolument, and an- 
other class, born under less favourable auspices, doing all the work for 
which the emolument is paid. It is a singular instance of a division of 
labour, and one of the blessed results of our admirable Constitution in 
Church and State. 

There is far more sinecurism in our spiritual than temporal establishment; 
hardly any class of ecclesiastics being burdened with labour. The bishops 
are best paid, and, as is usual in such cases, do the least work. They em- 
ploy archdeacons to visit for them ; rural deans and others to preach for 
them ; and the vicar-general to issue licenses, and perform other drudgery : 
if otherwise engaged, they employ a brother bishop to ordain for them. 
They have their own chaplains, commissaries, and secretaries ; in short, 
their work must be light, and chiefly consists in keeping an eye to the next 
translation, and the falling in of the fat livings. In the Ordination Service, 
however, they are enjoined strict and abstemious duties. It is there said a 
bishop must be " blameless," they are admonished " diligently to preach 
the word, and be conspicuous examples of various Christian virtues." 

Of the dignitaries we cannot say much ; their work we suspect is not heavy. 
Some of them hold seven dignities at once, which clearly implies much 
duty cannot be annexed to each. We have the testimony of Archbishop 
Cranmer, three hundred years ago, that the canons and prebendaries were a 
" superfluous condition." He says a prebendary is neither " a learner nor a 
teacher, but a good viander, who wastes his substance in superfluous belly 
cheers." If they were a " superfluous condition" under a Popish regime, 
they must be much more so under a Protestant establishment. The pre- 
bends, however, are very valuable, some of them worth ,^2000 a year, 
which will be a good reason with many for retaining them as a part of the 
venerable establishment. 

The Parochial Clergy, for the most part, are a mass of sinecurists. In 
1809, out of ll,19i benefices only 3,836 had resident clergymen. It 
would be curious to learn the avocations of these absentees. Many, we 
learn from Mr. Wright, had retired to more pleasant parts of the country, 
to enjoy the sports of the field ; some were officiating as masters of (he cei-e- 
monies at watering places ; some were tally-hoing ; others barouche-driving, 
carding, and other pious recreations. Various pretexts are employed to 
avoid tiie parochial drudger\' of marrying, burying, and christening; some 
pleading the bad state of the parsonage -house ; others the ill-health of them- 
eelres, their wives, or daughters: but the real causes arc a hankering after 


The Church. 

more lively amusements, and a desire to exchange tlie clerical character 
for the lively one of gentleman, and man of the world. 

In cases where the Clergy reside, various expedients have been devised 
to render the discharge of their duties as little onorous as possible. In many 
places the number of times service is performed has been greatly diminished. 
On 140 livings, for example, in the diocese of Ely, service used to be per- 
formed 261 times every Sunday. In 1813, the service was performed only 
185 times every Sunday, though the population had nearly doubled. 

The Working Clergy, as they are called, have been greatly relieved in 
another point. They have scarcely ever occasion to compose an original 
sermon. The market is really over stocked with this kind of commodity : 
we scarcely ever turn over a newspaper without meeting advertisements for 
the sale of manuscript sermons, which, next to agricultural produce, seems 
the most abundant of all things. As our readers may not always notice these 
things, we shall transcribe two or three advertisments for their edification, 
which will throw some light on Church Discipline. The first is a sale of 
orthodox sermons. 

IFrom the Courier, November 2.] 
To THE (yLERGY. — To be solc], a quantity of most excellent and original Sermons 
in MS. written in a bold legible hand. The style is very superior, and they are strictly- 
orthodox, the deceased Author having been a distinguished member of the Established 
Church. They will be sold either together or in parcels of not less than twenty.— 

Address (post paid) to S. A. care of Mr. W , stationer, No. — , St. Paul's 

Church-yard. It will be useless to apply to gratify mere idle curiosity, 

[^Fro7n the Times, November 12.] 

Holy Orders. — An3' gentleman at present iu or about taking Holy Orders may 
purchase from the Author's Widow a lot of Original MS. Sermons of a chaste 
classic style, on subjects both doctrinal and practical, and such as are enjoined by 
the forms of our Church, and of strictly orthodox sentiments, fit either for a town or 
country audience, having received the approbation of both. Apply personally, or by 
letter, post paid, to Mrs. , Berners-street, Oxford-street. 

Sometimes parcels of sermons in the lithographic type are advertised for 
sale. This type being an imitation of writing, sermons composed in it, pass 
very well with the congregation for original compositions, and the minister 
has the credit of putting forth a good discourse, the result of the previous 
week's hard study and preparation. The following is a lot of sermons of this 
sort; the advertiser is a sly rogue, and has put his advertisment, in Latin, 
which, for the benefit of those who do not understand that quack lingo, we 
shall render /ree/^ into English, first inserting the original. 


The Church. 
\_The Times, October 7.] 


Sexaginta Concioncs, nunquani anteliac pronuilgala;, litliograpliicc impressic, 
fideliter MSS. imitantcs, in usura publicum verbi divini prjECOuuni accommodatae. 

A Presbytero Ecclesia; Angiicanee. Prostant venales apud H et C , 

bibliopolas, iii vico vulgo dicto " Ihe Strand," No. . N.B. Twenty' of the 

above arc now ready for delivery to subscribers : the whole will be finished about 
Christmas. It is particularly requested that all orders be sent to the publishers 

(Verij private.) To the Right Reverend Fathers in God, tlie Venerable Arch- 
deacons, the Very Reverend Deans, and other Reverend and Holy Persons greet- 
ing : 

Entirely new, 700 sermons, in lithographic type, faithfully imitating manuscript, 
for the accommodation of the ministers of the Established Religion, in expounding 
the word of God. By a Dignitary of the Ciiuncii of England. To be 

sold at Messrs. R and C— — — , booksellers, in the street, commonly called 

the Strand. N.B. A^n questions asked. 

A lot of sermons of this discriptioii would be invaluable, and would aflbrd 
a comfortable maintenance to a family for several generations. When they 
had been used by the father, they might be transmitted to the son, like a 
freehold estate. If they became stale, they might be sold or exchanged 
with a neighbouring incumbent : this is a common practice with ministers, 
who wish to indulge their parishioners with novelty ; they exchange one old 
batch of sermons for another old batch of sermons, from a different part of 
the country. 

From these elucidations it is apparent the Working Clergy cannot be 
burdened with work. The national religion, indeed, has been reduced 
into such a state of simplicity that the administration of it is almost mecha- 
nical, scarcely requiring intellectual exertion. The chief qualification 
necessary is, to be able to read the English language correctly, the rest of 
the minister's work is ready cut and dry, and may be easily got through by 
judiciously laying out a pound or two, without any expenditure of mid- 
night oil. 

In concluding our observations, we must request the reader to bear 
three facts in mind, as connected witli Church Discipline : fn-st, that 
about four-fifths of the Established Clergy are absolute sinecurists, and 
do notiiing; secondly, the occupation of those actually engaged is of so 
simple and undignified a nature, that it is not entitled to much remuneration; 
lastly, it ought to be remarked, that, however heartless and unintellectual the 


The Church. 

established religion may appear, the support of it and idlers connected with 
its ministry, costs the nation ten MiLLroNs annually. 

T//e Established Church of England coinpared zvith the 
Established Church of other Countries. 

The last twenty years have made a great change in the relative state of 
England. Before the French Revolution, she might be advantageously 
compared with any nation, and she was frequently appealed to as a model 
for imitation ; since then, she has been either stationary or retrograde, while 
other nations have been rapidly advancing in the career of improvement. 
From being an example to imitate, she has become a danger to avoid. Few 
nations are now so barbarous as to do homage to the wisdom of our institu- 
tion. France, Spain, and even Portugal, offer examples for our imitation, 
and in the expenditure of our ecclesiastical establishment there is no nation 
in the world from which we might not take a lesson of improvement. 

Our object in the remainder of our subject is, to compare the revenue of 
the Established Clergy of England with the revenue of the Clergy of other 
countries. For this purpose, we shall first insert a comparative table of the 
expenditure of the Clergy of different nations, from the pamphlet on the 
Consumption of Public Wealth by the Clergy. The data of the writer are 
drawn from the most authentic sources ; it will be perceived, however, from 
our previous observations that the estimate of the revenue of the English 
Clergy is greatly underrated. 

Expenditure on the Clergy of all the Christian World, except the Kingdotn 
of Great Britain and Ireland. 

Expenditure Total Amount 

Namp nf thP -Mfltion Number of on the Clergy of the Expen- 

Name of the Nation. Hearers. per Million diture in each 

of Hearers. Nation. 

France 30,000,000 £ 35,000 cfljOSOjOOO 

United States 9,600,000 60,000 576,000 

Spain 11,000,000 100,000 1,100,000 

Portugal 3,000,000 100,000 300,000 

Hungary, Catholics 4,000,000 80,000 320,000 

Calvinists 1,050,000 60,000 63,000 

Lutherans 650,000 40,000 26,000 

Italy 19,391,000 40,000 776,000 

Austria 18,918,Ono 50,000 950,000 

Swiizerland 1 ,720,000 50,000 87,000 


The Chtirch, 

Prussia 10,536,000 50,000 527,000 

German Small States 12,763,000 60,000 765,000 

Holland 2,000,000 80,000 160,000 

Netherlands 3,000,000 35,000 105,000 

Denmark 1,700,000 70,000 119,000 

Sweden 3,400,000 70,000 238,000 

Eussia, Greek Cluirch 34,000,000 15,000 510,000 

Catholics and Lutherans 8,000,000 50,000 400,000 

Christians in Turkey 6,000,000 30,000 180,000 

South America 1 5,000,000 30,000 450,000 

Christians dispersed elsewhere 3,000,000 50,000 150,000 

The Clergy of 198,728,000 people, receive „f 8,852,000 

Expenditure on the Clergy of the Established Church of England and 

England and Wales 6,000,000 <i'l, 266,000 ^7,596,000 

Ireland 400,000 3,250,000 1,300,000 

The Clergy of 6,400,000 people, receive ^8,896,000 


1. Of the different forms of Christianity the Romish is the most expen- 
sive. A Roman Catholic clergyman cannot go though the duties of his 
ministry well for more than 1000 persons. The masses, auricular con- 
fessions, attendance on the sick, and other observances make his duties more 
laborious than those of a Protestant clergyman with double the number of 
hearers: add to which, the cost of wax lights, scenery, and other accom- 
paniments peculiar to Catholic worship. Notwithstanding these extra out- 
goings, we find that the administration of the Protestant Reformed Religion 
in England to one million of hearers, costs the people twelve times more 
than the administration of Popery to the same number of hearers in Spain or 
Portugal, and more than thirty-four the administration of Popery in France. 

2. The administration of Church of Englandisni to 6,400,000 hearers 
costs more than the administration of all other forms of Christianity in all parts 
of the world to 198,728,000 hearers. 

3. In toleration, discipline, and morality, the Established Religion of Eng- 
land appears inferior to the I'lstablishcd Religion of other countries. 

4. In France religious liberty is complete, while in England religious 
intolerance and exclusion are allowed to remain. In France all religions are 
maintained by the State without distinction ; all persons have access to the 


The Church. 

Universities, and to every civil and military employment ; in England only 
one religion, and that the religion of the minority, is maintained by the State. 
All Dissenters from the State religion suffer more or less in the enjoyment 
of their civil rights. They are excluded from the universities, magistracy, 
and corporations, and some are even excluded from a seat in the legislature, 
and military and naval employments. 

5. England, hitherto esteemed the most enlightened and tolerant of coun- 
tries, is the only one where a large mass of the population are denied the 
exercise of their civil rights on account of religion. Even in the superstitious 
countries of Spain and Portugal, no one suffers from religious disabilities. 
In Italy, the people are all Catholics, consequently there ran be no religious 
proscription. In Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, the people are all Lu- 
therans, consequently no religious disqualification. In Prussia, there are 
various religions, but all sects are on an equal footing. All offices, civil and 
military, corporate and magisterial, are indiscriminately filled with men of 
every form of Christian worship. No sectarian inventions to prevent the 
public enjoying the services of any person of superior merit, or fitness for office. 
In the case of Prussia, it is remarkable, that the King and Royal Family are 
Presbyterians, of whom there are only three hundred thousand, while there 
are one million of Lutherans, and four millions of Catholics. Another fact 
may be mentioned of Switzerland, contrasting strangely with the selfish in- 
tolerance of Church of Englandism. At Berne and Lausanne, two opposite 
sects, Calvinists and Catholics, use the same church alternately, at different 
hours. There is a communion table for the Protestants, and an altar for the 
Catholics ; and one congregation retiring, frequently meets the other coming 
to the same house of prayer. We need not refer to the United States of 
America, where, it is known, every religion is tolerated, and every mode 
of worship maintained by its respective followers. 

6. England is the only country in the world where a tenth of the produce 
is claimed by the Clergy. In Popish Italy, the ecclesiastical tithe is only a 
fortieth, and is taken in kind : a prosecution by a clergyman for tithe is 
nearly unknown. In France, the expense of all religions is defrayed out of 
the taxes, like other branches of public service. The pay of the English 
Clergy vastly exceeds the pay of the Clergy of other countries. In France, 
an Archbishop has only £iOAl ayeat; a Bishop ^625 ; a Rector o£'48 ; a 
Curate of 31. In Rome, the income of a Cardinal, the next in dignity in the 
Church to the Pope, is ^400 to ^500 a year ; of a Rector J:30 ; of a Cu- 
rate ^17. Compare these stipends with the enormous incomes of the 
English Clergy. 




An Alphabetical List of all the Pluralists in England 
and Wales, showing the Number of Livings, Dignities, and 
other Offices held by each ; the Names of their Patrons, 
their Families, Connexions and Influence, so far as the 
same can be ascertained. 

The name of the Pluralist comes first. After the name comes the^rst living of the 
Pluralist, and an initial letter denoting its title — namely, r. for rectory, v. for vica- 
rage, c. (or curacy, p. c. foi perpetual curacy, and d. for donative. The name of the 
Patron is in italics, and put after the living or livings, supposing more than one living, 
of which the same person is patron. Abp. is put for archbishop, Bp. for bishop, Archd. 
for archdeacon, Dn. for dean, Ch. for chapter. When a living is in the gift of tlie 
University of Oxford, Oxon is put ; when of the University of Cambridge, Camb. 
When a noble, as the Duke of Devonshire, or the Duke of Northumberland, is 
patron, the of' in their title is omitted both for brevity and propriety. The " of" ex- 
presses territorial jurisdiction, but as they do not possess such authority at the present 
day, the term by which it is implied may be properly dropped. By a living is meant 
any parochial preferment, as rectory, vicarage, or curacy. A curacy may be pro- 
perly styled a living, as a stipend is annexed to the oflice equal to the niaiulenance of 
at least one individual. In the disposal of every living three parties are principally 
concerned : first, the patron ; second, the incumbent ; third, the bishop. The patron 
is the person or persons in whom the right of presenting to a living is vested. The 
person nominated by the patron is the incumbent. The right of presentation to a 
living is technically called an advotcson. The office of the bishop is to grant institu- 
tion to the living to which the incumbent is presented. By refusing institution, the 
bishops have a negative on all appointments by patrons: tins negative, however, is 


rarely exercised, and it is seldom that the patron and the diocesan are at issue. The 
most important personage in the affair is the Patron. It will be seen from the List that 
the patronage is sometimes in individuals — sometimes in public bodies. Sometimes the 
incumbent is his ou)7? patron, and presents himself ; sometimes the incumbent's wife 
is patron, and presents her husband ; sometimes the husband and wife are patrons 
jointly. There are many Misses and Mistresses patrons, and no doubt well qualified to 
select spmtMa/ persons for the cure of souls. In some instances the patronage is divided, 
the nomination being in one party and the appointment in another. — Nearly all the 
livings in the metropolis, and the most valuable livings in the large towns in the 
country, are in the gift of the Crown, which adds enormously to its influence. The 
patronage not in the Crown is chiefly in the Aristocracy, the Universities, and the 
Bishops. The patronage of the Aristocracy is chiefly bestowed on the " honourable 
lumber " of their own families : the patronage of the Universities on the members of 
those places ; the patronage of the Bishops on their connexions and relations to the 
hundreth degree. For instances of the last see the Norths, the Sparkcs, and the Pre- 
tymans. A great mass of patronage, however, remains, which cannot be disposed of 
in any of these ways. The families of the patrons, though numerous enough, are 
not sufficiently so to fill all offices in the Army, the Navy, the Law, and the Church. 
A surplus patronage remains above what is necessary to satisfy the connexions and 
dependents of the Patrons. This surplus is brought into the market, and sold, like other 
commodities, to the highest bidder. The value of patronage is equal to its annual 
produce, deducting the stipend of the curate, or other efficient person who performs 
the duties of office. As the Working Clergy are kept at low wages, the value of patro- 
nage is proportionably great. Probably the total worth of Church Patronage is six 
MitLioNS annually. Nearly the whole of this revenue is in the disposal of laymen, 
who can have nothing to do with spiritual matters ; consequently-, it might be applied 
to public uses, to the liquidation of the National Debt, and the Poor-Rates, without 
interfering with the fund really necessary to the maintenance of the Established Re- 
ligion. — With respect to the Pluralists, we have given all the information on 
which we CQuld rely. In so great a number as three thousand there are, of 
course, many with whose families and connexions we are unacquainted. The cases 
we have selected appeared the most remarkable and most deserving attention. Fre- 
quently no illustration was necessary : where the names of the patron and the pluralist 
are the same it is pretty certain both belong to the same family. It will be often use- 
ful to turn to the Key to the Lower House and to Cobbett's Peep at the Peers for more 
particular details of families and connexions. As a general rule it may be inferred 
that all Clergymen are warmly attached to the "Thing :"a!l patronage being directly 
or indirectly in the Crown, they will naturally keep a steady eye on the source of 
emolument and promotion. — It were desirable to state the yearly value of livings, but 
there is no certain data for this purpose : parliamentary returns, it is true, have been 
made of the poor livings, but none of the rich ones. The only authentic statement. of 


The Church. 

the value of church-property is the King's Book; but this is of little use at the present 
day. Some of the richest liviugs in the kingdom are not included in the Survey of 
Henry the Eighth, and others are not stated at one hundredth part of the present 
value. The rectory of Stanhope, for instance, is only rated at ^£79 in the King's 
Book, though it is said to be the richest in England. The only means of obtaining an 
authentic account of the amount of the ecclesiastical revenues is, an inquiry, like 

that alluded to at page 216. 

Abbott, P. Colne, c. Dr. IVhitaker. Downliam, c. P. /F. P. Curzon. 
Abbott, W. Worstead, r. Coltesliail, v. Camb. 

Abraham, R. Chattcombe, r. Earl Powlett. Ilininster, r. Earl of Guild- 
ford. See North. 
AcklancI, T. G. London, St. Michael Mildred with St. Margaret Moses, 

r. The King. 
Adams, H. Bradwell, r. Bondwell, r. Oxon. 

As these are the first college livings we have met with, we shall make a remark 
or two on University Patronage: !^57 livings aie in the gift of the University of Ox- 
ford, and 292 in the gift of Cambridge. Ihe livings are situate in diti'ercnt parts of 
the country J many of them in the metropolis. Some of the livings are annexed to the 
provostships and professorships of the different colleges, but for the most part they are 
in the gift of the Fellows. By the statutes of the Universities the holding of a fellow- 
ship is incompatible with the holding of a college living. AVhen, however, a living 
is more valuable than a fellowship, a fellowship is vacated for the sake of being eligible 
to the living. Sometimes the statutes are evaded by the college livings being ex- 
changed for others, which the Fellows can hold with their college emoluments. 

Adams, K. Deepliam, v. p. Dnand Ch. of Cant. Edingthorpe, r. The King. 

Adains, S. L. Blackaiiton, v. Lj/d Neivsoine. Morlt'y, r. I. Scale. 

Adams, T. C. Aiistey, c. The King. Saxleby, r. Earl of Aylesford. Shel- 
ton, c. The King. 

Adams, W. Abingdon, r. G. Pigot. Halstead, v. Bp. of London. 

Adamson, I. Altham, c. A. Curxoz. Padiham, c. L. G. Starkic. 

Addison, E. Cambridge, St. Benet, c. Laiulbeacli, r. Camb. 

Addison, J. Fangfoss, c. Barnby Moore, c. Dn. of York. 

Addison, W. Middleton, St. George, r. vvilii Egglestone, c. /r. Pember- 

Affleck, R. Silkstone, r. with Stainboroiigii, c. Abp. of York. 

Affleck, Robert, I'ockerington, c. The J^rcbendurij. TvesiweW, r. Dn. and 
Ch. of York. Westow, v. Marq. Cornnal/is. 

Ainger, W. St. Bees, c. Earl of Lonsdale. Siinninghill, v. Camb. 

Aitkins, R. E. Stanley, c. Trustees under Act of Parliament. Atlow, c. 
//. F. Pakover. 

Alban, T. Llandrillo, v. Bp. of St. Asaph. Eaton, v. //. and iV. Lloyd. 
Snead, c. P. Morris. 

Alderson, J. Hawthill, Duke of Leeds. Hornby, v. Dn. and Ch. of York. 

Akierson, Jos. 0,\wick, r. Rev. Jos. Alderson. Hevingham, r. Geo. An- 

Alderson, W. Aston, r. Duke of Leeds y Everingham, r. Rev. 11^. Aider- 


The Church. 

Aldrich, W. Boyton, r. Lord Rous. Ipswich, St. Mary, c. The Parish- 
ioners. Stowe-Market, v. with Stowe-Upland, c. Mr. Aldrich, 
Alington, M. Thorganby, r. Sequestered. Stennincot, r. Mrs. Abington. 
Alison, A. Ercall, v. H. Pulteney. Rodington, r. The King. 

Prebendary of Salisbury and Senior Minister of the Episcopal Chapel, Canongate, 
Edinburgh. The Pluralist is a native of Scotland, but being related to the late Bishop 
Douglas, that prelate gave him a prebend in his cathedral, and procured for him the 
vicarage of High Ercal, in Shropshire, to which was afterwards added the rectory of 
Rodington, in the same county. Mr. Alison is the author of several literary works 
of some pretension. 

Allen, D. B. Manordiffy, r. Llandewi Welfry, r. The King. 

Allen, J. F. Overton, v. /. Johnson. Headborn Worthy, r. Trustees. 

Allen, R. Driffield, r. Precentor of York. Wharram Per, v. Misses Isted 
and Englefield. 

Allen, S. Haslingfield, v. C. Mitchell. Lynn, St. Margaret and St. Nicho- 
las, c. Dn. and Ch. ofNoriuich. 

Allen, S. jun. Dunton, v. T. W. Coke. Walterton, v. with Wickmere, v. 
Earl oj Oxford. 

Allen, William Peele, c. Lord Kenyon. Hay, v. Sir E. Williams. Llanf- 
changel Isternllewyrne, r. Earl of Abergavenny. 

Allington, W. Barford Lit. r. Twyfield, r. J. IVilliamson. Swinop, Mrs. 

Allott, Geo. Kirby South, v. Rev. Jas. Allott. Bolton, v. JV. Marsden. 

Allsojjp, Chas. Lit. Ashby, r. The King. Shephead, v. Sir William 

AUsopp, T. Frepingfield, v. with Wetherdale, r. Camb. 

Amplett, J. Hampton, Lovett and Dodderhill, r. Elmbridge, r. Sir J. 

Amplett, M. Ryhall, r. Essendine, c. Marq. of Exeter. 

Anderson, E. Cum Whitton, c. Dn. and Ch. of Carlisle. Hickling, r. Camb. 

Andrewes, G. Westminster, St. James, r. Bp. of London. Bookham, Gt. M. 

Andrewes, Jas. Boughton, Manchelsea, r. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Whit- 
b)', c. with Hasley, c. Abp. of York. 

Andrewes, G. T. London, AUhallows, Bread-street, r. with St. John Evan- 
gelist, r. Abp. of Cant. 

These AndTewes we suspect are all of one family. Gerrard Andrewes is Dean of 
Canterbury, and G. T. Andrewes is Preacher to the Archbishop. The former is said to 
liave been indebted for the valuable rectory of St. James, to the influence of Lady 
Talbot, and is the same Very Reverend Dean who took so lively an interest in the fate 
of his " good neighbour," Mr. Abbot, who had been detected in an attempt to poisoa 
" ONLY ale-drinkers." The Dean's father was a Parson, and Master of the Free 
Grammar-School at Leicester. 

Andrews, C. Flempton, r. with Hengrave, r. Rev. C. Andrezvs. Wickham- 

brook, V. The King. 
Anson, Ven C. Ling, r. T. Anson. Mantby, r. Lord Anson. Gt. Salkfeld, r. 

Archdeacon of Carlisle. 
Anson, F. Longford, r. T. IV. Coke. Sudbury, r. Lord Vernon. 
Anson, H. Oxnead, r. T. Anson. Skeyton, r. Swanton Abb, r. Lord Anson. 
The Ansons are uncles to Viscount Anson. Of the eight rectories held by the 


The Church. 

three Ansons, six are in the patronage of the family'. The Venerable C. Anaon, who 
holds three rectories, one appears to be in the gift ol T. Anson, another in Lord Anson, 
and the other in himself, as Archdeacon of Carlisle. The faraily name of Anson was 
formerly Adams, being changed in compliance with the will of an uncle. 
Anlrobus, W. West Acton, r. Bp. of London. Load. St. And. Undershaft 

and St. Mary-axe, r. Bp. of London. 
Anwyl, W. Towyn, v. and Penalt, c. TItc King. 

Appeiley, T. Cokle Pilchond, v. Parson Lilley. Stoke Lacey, r. The In- 
Apthorpe, F. Bicker, v. Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. Farndon, v. with BaU 
derton and Fiskerton, c. Preb. of Lincoln. Guniley, r, Dn. and Ch. 
of Lincoln. 

Prebendary of Lincoln. The grandfather of this Reverend Pluralist was a merchant 
at Boston, in America. His father was rector of St. Mary-le-Bow, and had the valua- 
ble prebend of Fiusbury, in St. Paul's. His brother-in-law. Dr. Cory, is Master of 
Emanuel College, Cambridge. Another brother-in-law is Master of Shrewsbury Gram- 

Archer, T. Foulness, r. E. of Winchelsea, Southchurcli, r. Abp. of Cant. 

Arden, F. E. Greshani, r. Fasten, v. Lord Anson. 

Armistead, T. Backford, v. VVaverliam, v. Bp. of Chester. 

Armitage, T. W. Bulwell, r. Hickleton, c. G. f^. IFentnorth. 

Arnott, S. Lynch, r. Mr. and Mrs. Points, Yelden, r. Parson Bunting. 

Arscott, J. Ranie, r. E. of Mount Edgecombe. Plympton Earl, c. Dn. and 

Canons of IFindsor. 
Artluir, J. St. Neot's, v. The King. Colan, v. Bp. of Exon. 
Asaph, Bishop of, Llongustenon, r. Llondrello, r. Northop, r. with Flint, c. 

Pennant, r. 

The Bishop is his own patron. For an account of the relations of the Right Reve- 
rend Pluralist see Luimore. 

Asbridge, Jos. Ault, c. Du. of Devonshire. Walthambold, c. B p. of Chi- 

Ashfield, C. R. Keynsham, v. with Bresiington, c. Du. of Buckingham. 
London, St. Benet's, Finck, c. Dn. and Cns. of irindsor. 

Ashley, John, Eckington, v. Dn. and Ch. of IVcstminster. Gilden Morden, 

Astley, H. N. Foidsham, r. Sir H. Astleij, l/ittle Snoring, r. Bp. of Nor- 

Aston, Lord, Tardebig, v. with Borseley, c. Earl of Plymouth. 

Atkinson, C Eland, c. Chapel to Halifax. Leeds, St. Paul's, Executors of 
IV. Atkinson. 

Atkinson, J. Arlesey, v. with Astwick, r. M. A. Taylor. South Cowton, c. 
Ficar of Gilling. Barton, St. Cuthbert, c. Vic. ofStanivick. 

Atkinson, R. Musgrove, r. Bp. of Carlisle. Upelby, c, /. B. Elliot. 
Cloxby with Normanby, r. Rd. Atkinson. 

Atkinson, 'Ihos. Hartshead, witli Clifton, c. of Dcivshury. N. Newbold, 
Preb. of Newbold. Sancton, v. J. Broadlcy. 

Atkinson, W. Canewdon, v. Bp. of London. Hillington, r. Sir M. B. 
Folhes. Warhain, r. The King. Blawith, c. /r. Braddyll. 

Atlay, Ily. Stanford, St. George and St. Paul, r. St. John, c. St. Clement, 
r. Wakerley, r. Lord St. Helen's. 

Allow, J. Ilulcott, r. with Salford, c Sir R. G. Booth. 


The Church. 

Atty, J. C. Stayley Bridge, c. E. of Stamford. Embleton, v. E. of Lons- 
Atwood, T. C. Buckworth, r. R. E. Duncomhe. Hammersmith, c. Bp. of 

London. Morborn, r. R. E. Duncomhe. 
Aubery, Edw. Longbredy, r. R. Williams. Clipsham, r. Mr. Snoiv. 
Aufrere, G. F. Redlington, r. witli Ruston, v. Miss Norris. 
Aufrere, Phil, du Val, Bawdeswell, v. Seaming with Wendling, r. Sir J. 

Austen, J. Chevening, r. Ahp. of Cant. Tarrant Keynes, r. C. Hiley. 
Backhouse, J. B. Little Chart, r. Deal, r. Ahp. of Cant. 
Bagshaw, Wm. Buckminster, v. D. of Devonshire. Garthorpe, v. Sir W. 
Manners. Wormhill, c. Trustees. 
Brother-in-law of Earl Home, who is son in-law of the Duke of Buccleugli. 
Baillie, Ch. Stainton, v. Ahp. of York. Middleton, r. The King. 
Baines, Cuth. St. Ives, v. Geo. Bro&ks. Woodhurst, c. Chapel to St. Ives, 

Old Hurst, c. Sir J. Shelley. 
Baines, R. E. Halford, r. The King. Upton-oii-Severn, r. Bp. of Wor- 
Baker, F. Coombe-Bisset, v. with Harnham, c. Preb. of Coombe. Newton, 

V. Earl of Pembroke. 
Baker, R. H. Linchmore, c. Mr. Baker. Hanney West, v. Dn. and Ch. of 

Sarum. Lyford, c. Fie. of Hanney. 
Baker, J. Cressingham, r. Licumhent. Rollesby, r. T. Fielding. Fahner 

■with Stanmer, v. Earl of Chichester. Whitburn, r. Bp. of Durham. 
Baker, W. Dowdeswell, r. /. Read. Stonehouse, v. Lord Somerville. 
Baker, Win. Lutfenham, r. /, Bush. Gerrance, r. Bp. of Exeter. 
Baldwin, N. R. Leyland, v. N. R. Baldwin. New-church, c. Fie. of 

Bale, S. Sackville, Chidingstone, r. Abp. of Cant. Whhyham, r. Duke of 

Ball, D. Aldington, r. with Smeeth, c. Abp. of Cant. Sandwich, St. Mary, 

V. Archd. of Cant. 
Ballard, John, Cropredy, v. with MoUington, c, Bp. of Oxford. Warding- 

ton, c. Bp. of Oxford. 
Bampfylde, Ch. F. Hardington, r. Hemington, r. Dunkerton, r. Sir C. 

W. Bampfylde. 
Bampfylde, R. W. Huxham, r. with Poltimore, r. Torrington Black, r. 

with St. Giles, r. Sir C. W. Bampfylde. 
Banfather, Rev. Henry, Sprowston, c. Plumstead, Great, c. Dn. and Ch. 

Bangor, Bishop of, Llanrhayader, r. with Cadwalladr, c. Llandyrnoe, r. 
with Melverley, c. Llanynis, r. Llandyffhan, r. with Itha, c. 
These livings are annexed to the See, or held in commendum by the Bisliop. The 
Bishop, whose name is Majendie, is also Residentiary Canon of St. Paul's. He is the 
son of a German parson, who held a situation in the royal household, and was a great 
favourite with the late " good old King," and his Queen. The Bishop received his 
education at Cambridge, and was preferred to a vacancy at St. Pauls, with which 
on the translation of Cleaver to Bangor, he was empowered to hold the see of Chester-' 
On the removal of the same prelate to St. Asapli, lie was followed by Majendie to the 
bishopric which he now holds. Several of Majendie's relatives are well provided iii 
the Cathedrals as Canons, Precentors, Vicars Choral, &c. 


The Church. 

Bankes, E. Stoke Bliss, r. The King. Corfe Castle, r. Henry Bankes, M.P. 
E. Bankes is a prebendary of Gloucester, and also of Norwich, and a King's Chap- 
lain. He is the son of //. Bankes, M.P. for Corfe Castle, and son-in-law of Lord Eldon. ' 
The living of Stoke Bliss being rated in the King's Book under twenty pounds a year, 
is in the gift of the Lord Chancellor, who is said to have given it as part of the mar-" 
riage portion of his daughter. The Chancellor has two brothers-in-law in the Church, 
with five livings. 

Bankes, J. Braitoft, r. The A'zng-, Cameringham, v. Dalby, c. Lord Monson. 
Barber, T. Arniley, c. Fie. of Leeds. Houghton Conquest, r. ^nth Hough- 
ton Gildable, r. St. John's Col. Camb. 
Barber, William Duffiidd, v. Bp. of Lichfield. Headge, c. Ch. to Duffield. 

Quarndon, c. Lord Scursdule. 
Barker, B. Rockland, r. witli Caston, r. B. Barker, Esq. 
Barker, C. Hollyn, v. Witherensea, c. Ediu. Hij. Barker. 
Barker, I'\ H. Norllichurch, r. King as Prince of (Vales. Steppingley, r. 

Duke of Bedford. St. Albans, St. Stephen, v. Edw. Barker. 
Barker, J, Wood Ditton, v. Newmarket, r. and All Saints, c. D. of Rutland. 
Barker, Jno. Basslow, c. Fie. of Bakewell. Caldecot, v. Camh. 
Barker, R. Astley, c. Fie. of Leighton. Manchester, St. Anne, r. Bp. of 

Barker, l\jun. Kelburn, p. c. Abp. of York. Thirkleby, v.EarlFitztvilliam. 
Barker, Wm. Silverton, r. Rev. JVm. Barker. Clist, Broad, r. Sir T. D. 

Barker, W. A. Haveringland, v. Sequestered. Lyndon, r. T. Baker, Esq. 
Barlow, G. F. Burgh, r. Sotterley, r. M. Barnes. 
Barnard, C. Drake, Barnetby Le Wold, v. Bp. of Lincoln. Bigby, r. Risby 

with Roxby, v. R. E. Elzves. 
Barnard, R. Leighthorn, r. Lord IVilloughby de Broke. Witney, r. and v. 

Bp. of Winton. 
Barnard, Wm. Henry, Child's Wickham, r. Sir H. Dashwood, Water 

Stratford, r. Marqui% of Buckingham. 
B. Barnard is Prebendary of Winchester and a King's Chaplain. W. H. Barnard 
is Prebendary of Bath and Wells. The former is brother-in-law of Lord IVilloughby 
de Broke. There is also an E. Barnard, Prebendary of Hereford. 
Barneby, T. Stepney, r. Oxford. Edwin Loach, r. Tedstone, c. Mr. Hig- 

Barnes, F. Colyton, v. Glayston, r. Shute, c. Monkton, c. University of 

Barnes, Theo. Castle Ford, r. The King. Stangrave, r. The King. 
Barnett, M. Cranwell, v. Bp. of Lincoln. Willingham, North, v. A. Sou- 

Baron, John Sam. Boarstall, c. with Brill, p.c. Sir J. Aubrey, Bart. 
Barrow, R. Halloughton, p.c. Preb. of Halloughton. South Muskham, v. 

Preb. of Muskham. South Wheatley, r. Ch. to Southwell. Barnoldby- 

le-Beck, r. Ibid. Rampton, v. Preb. of Rampton. 
Barry, E. Wallingford, St. Leonard and St. Mary, r. with Sotwell, c. The 

Barry, H. Draycott, come r. Miss Long. Upton Scudamore, r. Oxon. 
Barry, ^L Down Hatherley, v. The King. Gloucester, St. Nic. c. 

Corp. of Glou. 
Barter, C. Churchill, v. The King. Cornworthy, v. H. Prideaux. Buck- 
land Monachorum, v. Mrs. Chrymes. Sarsdon, r. J. PL Langston. 


The Church. 

Bartlam, J. Beoey, v. Thos. Holmes. Studley, c. Sequestered. Ponteland, 

V. Oxford. 
Bartlam, T. Wiston, v. The King. Eade, c. Dn. and Ch. of Ex on. 
Bartlett, N. Closworth, r. H. /r. Portman. Northover, v. H. Chichester. 
Bartlelt, T. O. Swanage, r. John Cakrujt. Sutton Montague, r. R. Leach. 
Bartlett, W. Newark, v. The King. Stoke, East, v. with Sireston, c and 

Coddington, c. Chan, of Lincoln. 
Barton, C. Booking, r. Monk lUeigli, r. Abp. of Cant. 
Barton, H. Eastchurch, r. M. Barton. Liverpool, St. Paul, r. Corp. of 

Barwick, J. Boughton Malherd, r. Sir Hor. Mann, ht. Charing, v. with 

Egerton, c. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. 
Bas, Le, C. Webb, London, St. Paul, Shadwell, r. Dn. of St. Paul's. Dar- 

field, V. with Worsborough, c. Camb. 
Bassett, H. Thoresby, r. R. Bussett. Glentworth, v. with Spittle, c. Saxby, 

St. Helen's, r. Earl of Scarborough. 
Brother of Lord de Dunstanville. 
Bastard, J. Stralfieldsay, r. Stratfieldsay Turgis, r. Duke of IVellington. 

Fifehead Neville, r. Lord Rivers. 
Bateman, Gregory, Easton all Saints, r. Marquis of Exeter. Pilton, r. Sir 

G. Heathcote. 
Bateman, S. Overton, c. Ch. to Lancaster. Farthingstone, r. Bp. of Lin- 
Bateman, T. Llanerchlwydog, r. Dinas, r. Thos. Lloyd. Puncheston, r. 

Llanychaen, r. Jno. Buttman. 
Bates, G. F. Mailing West, v. B. Bates, South Mims, v W. P. Hammond. 
Bather, E. Tasley, r. /. Morris. Meole Brace, v. Mrs. Bather. 
Bathurst, H. Ashby-cum-Oby, and Thurne, r. Bp. of Nortvich. North 

Creake, r. E. Spencer. 
Bathurst, R. Docking, v. Eton Coll. on nam. of Bp. of Norwich. Topcroft, 

r. Bp. of Norwich. 

Another Bathurst is Archdeacon of Norwich. They are nearly related to the Bishop 
of Norwich, who is brother-in-law to Lord Castlecoote, and tlie uncle of Lnrd 
Bathurst. The Bishop has four Archdeaconries, an hospital, and forty livings, in his 
gift. He was raised to the See of Norwich in 1803, and has been a steady supporter 
of the Catholic claims. 

Batten, J. H. D.D. Gretford, r. The King. Beesby, r. Ibid. 

Baugh, Job Walker, Ripple, r. with Queenhill, c. Bp. of Worcester. Did- 

dlebury, v. Dn. and Ch. of Wexford. 
Baugh, R. Burwarton, r. B. Hollard. Ludlow, r. Leonard's, St. c. The 

Bawden, R. Satterleigh, r. Jno. Bawden. Warkleigh, r. Bp. of Exon. 
Baxter, R. W. Upton, c. Ch. to Blewbury. Kingsthorpe, c. Northamp. 

St. Pet. r. St. Cath. Hospital, London. 
Bayley, J. Merin St. c. Bp. of Exon. Stewkley, Gt. v. Camb. 
Baylis, Jos. Gloucester St. Mary de Crypt, r.— St. Owen, r — All Saints, 

r. The King. 
Bayly, F. Turner, Glouc. St. John Bap. r.— St. Aldates, c. The King, 
Baynes, W. Rekenhall, Lower, r. and Upper, r. R. Holt. 
Bayton, W. S. Ford, r. Madehurst, v. Bp. of Chichester. 
Beadon, F. North-Stonehani, r. /. Flemivg. Sulham, r. /. Wilder. 



Tht Church. 

Beadon, J.W. Fairley-CIiamberlain, r. P. Mildmay. Christian-Malford, r. 
Bp. of Bath and IFclls. 

J. W. Beadon is Precentor of Brecon. F. Beadon is Prebendary of Bath and 
Wells ; and a R. Beadon is Chancellor of tlie same diocese. The first two Beadons 
are brothers of the Bishoi) of Bath and Wells, who owed his preferment to the cir- 
cumstance of being tutor to the Duke of Gloucester. 

Beath, P. B. llketshall, St. Marg. v. Capcll, c. Duke of Norfolk. 
Beauchamp, Brian, Cove, c. Chapel in Tiverton. Hawkridge, v. with Wi- 

thypoole, c. Miss Wood. 
Beaucliainp, T. W. 11. Chedgrave, r. Langley, c. Biickenham Ferry, r. 

with Hassingham, r. Sir T. B. Proctor. 
Beau voir, P. Downhaiii, r. 0. Beauvoir. Wickford, r. C. Hall. 
Becher, J. Thomas, Hoveringham, p. c. Sir R. Sutton. Midsummer Norton, 

V. Oxon. 
Becher, M. T. Wooton Wawen, v. with Ullenhall, c. Henley in Arden, c. 

and Brearby, c. Camb. 
Beckwith, E. J. London, St. Alban's, r. St. Olave, Silver-street, r. Dn. and 

Ch. of St. Paul's and Eton Col. alternately. Tillingham, v. Dn. and 

Ch. of St. Paul's. 
Bedford, T. Worcester, St. Helen's, r.— St. Alban's, r. Bp. of IVorcester. 
Bedford, T. F. CorncUy, c. The Inhabitants. Philleigh, r. Trustees. 
Beebee, J. Presteign, v. with Kinsham, c. Earl of Oxford. Wisteston, c. 

ir. C. Hayton. 
Beetham, Wm. Keyworth, r. Sir T. Parkins, bt. Cortlinstock, r. Ibid. 
Beevor, Miles, Bircham Newton, r. Earl of Orford, Toft Birchani, r. Sir 

T. Beevor, bt. HethCll, r. Ketteringham, v. E. Atkins. 

Another Beevor is in the Church with one living. They are the sons of Sir Thomas 
Beevor, hart. 

Belcher, Paul, Heather, r. T. Shirley. Kotherby, r. Mr. Perkins. May- 
field, V. with Butterton, c. IFalt. Evans. 
Belfield, F. Tormliun, c. M. Mullock. Stoke Gabriel, v. Fin. Belfeld. 

Exbourne, r. F. Belfield. 
Belgrave, G. Cockfield, r. Camb. Stebbing, v. Thos. Batt. 
Bell, Hy. Bawsey, r. with Fordham, c. A. Hammond. Bintry, r. Thimble- 

thorpe, r. Sir J. H. Astlcy. 
Bell, Phil. Stow-Bardolf, v. withWimbotsham, r. Mrs. Moore. South 

Rungton, r. Holm, v. with Wallington, r. Mr. Bell. 
Bellaman, J. Kirkby-Green, v. The Kinu;. Kyme South, c. Sir A. Hume. 
Bellamy, J. W. Loud. St. Mary Ab. r. St. Laurence Pountney, c. Camb. 
Bellman, E. Helmingham Great, r. — Little, c. The King. Pettaugh, r. Earl 

of Dysart. 
Bence, Bence, Thorington, r. B. Bencc. Redisham, c. Rt. Sparrow. 
Bench, B. S. Beccles St. Mary, v. — St. Michael, r. The King. 
Bennet, J. L. Thorpe, St. Mary, v. The King. Deuxhill, r. V. Vickera. 

Letchlade, v. M. Morton. 
Bennet, T. Boconnock, r. with Letton, r. Bioadoak, r. Jolm Freeman. 
Bennett, H. L. Crowlton, r. Fisct. Ashbrooke. Newborough, c. March. 

ington, c. yic. of Hanbury. 
Bennett, Sam. Ulting, v. J. Banks. Hatfield Pev. v. J. Upright. Wakering 

Great, \. Bp. of London. 


Bennett, T. Weston Turville, v. Oxon. Stone, v. Dn. and Ch. of Cant. 

Bennett, T. Leigli^ Nettlebed, c. with Pisliill, c. Stoner. Sutton Long, 

V, Lutterbourne, c. T. L. Bennett. 
Bennett, William, Littlebourne, v. Dn. andCh. of Cant. Cheam, r. Oxon. 
Bennett, WooUey L. Foxcott, r. Duke of Buckingham. Stratford Water, r. 

Benson, D. Cockerington, St. Leo. v. Bp. of Lincoln. Strubby, r. Dn. and 

Ch. of Lincoln. 
Benson, William, Ashby St. Leodgare's, v. J. Ashley. South-Weston, r. 

Oxon. Hampton-Poyle, r. Oxon. 
Bent, Hugh, Highbray, r. The King. Jacobstow, r. L. Burton. Sandford, 

d. Chamber of Crediton. 
Bere, R. Carhampton, v. with Road Huish, c. Mrs. Langham. Morebatch, 

V. T. E. Clarke. Skilgate, r. R. Bere. 
Berens, Edward, Shrivenham, v. with Longcott, c. Watchfield, c. The King. 

Englefield, r. R. P. W. Benijon. 
Berjew, S. Sutton Bingham, r. S. Harbin. Thorne Falcon, r. Robert Batten. 
Berkeley, H. R. Cotheridge, c. Himself. Sheltsey Blauch, r. Lord Foley. 

Onibury, r. Bp. of Hereford. 
Berkeley, T. R. LL.O. Wooton, r. Oxon. Rugby, r. Earl of Craven. 
Berry, B. Chrishall, v. Bp. of London. Triplow, v. Foxton, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Bertie, Hon. Frederic, Albury, r. — Hincksey, S. c. Wooton, p. c. Wig- 

tham, r. Earl of Abingdon. 

Cousin of the Earl of Abingdon. 

Bethune, G. M. LL.D. Brunstead, r. Earl of Abergavenny. Worth, r. 
Mrs. Bethune. Nuthurst, r. Bp. of Chichester . 

Bevan, H. Whitton, r. Bp. of St. David's. Congresbury, v. Queen's Hos- 
pital, Bristol. 

Bewicke, C. J. Hallaton, r. Blaston St. Mic c. J. M. Grimwood. Lod- 
dington, v. C. Morris. 

Biddulph, J. Birdinbury, r. Sir T. Biddulph. Frankton, r. Incumbent. 

Biederman, G. A. Flimstone, r. J. C. Biederman. Miciiaelstow near Cow- 
bridge, r. J. W. Biederman. 

Biggs, Geo. Upton Warren, r. Thos. Price. Hales Owen, v. with Off- 
church, c. Oldbury St. Nich. c. Cradlep, c. Lord Littleton. 

Bigsby, T. Burton Joice, v. with Bulcote, c. Earl of Chesterfield. Beeston 
St. John, V. D. of Devonshire. 

Bingham, J. Calverton, v. Preb. of Oxon. Abkettleby, v. with Holwell, 
c. Jas. Bingham, sen. 

Bingham, J. Ball, London, St, Martin's Ludgate, Bp. of London. Gad- 
desden, Gt. v. Mrs. Halsey. 

Bingham, P. LL.D. Berwick St. Jno. r. Oxon. Edmondisham, r. G. 

Bingham, T. Norbury, r. with Snelston, c. Mrs. Bingham. 

The Binghams are rather in bad odour. One of them lately passed through the 
Insolvent Debtor's Court to rid himself of trifling incumbrances, to the amount of 
„£70,000, which he had incurred in some wild speculations See Times, Dec. 1822. 
A Rev. R. Bingham, some time Fellow of New College, Oxford, and Minister of 
Gosport-chapel, acquired great notoriety, having been tried for perjury. 

Birch, H. W. R. Reydon, v. with Southwold, c. Yoxford, v. Lord Rous. 


The Church. 

Birch, S. Lond. St. Mary Woolnoth, r. with St. Mary Wool Church, r. The 

King and J. Thornton, Esq. 
Birch, 7\ William, Stoke Wake, r. H. Seymour. Stanway, r. Ojto/j. Ast- 

ley, c. Sir R. Nezvdigate. 
Bird, C. Christoplier, Allendale East, c. Air. and Airs. Beaumont. Chol- 

lertoii, V. with Chipchase, c. and Birtley, c. T. B. Beaumont. 
Bird, Ch. J. Dynder, v. Duke of Norfolk. Mordeford, r. Lord Foley. 
Bird, J. T. Rockland, r. R. Kenison. Gasthorpe, r. with Redlesworth, r. 

T. Thornhill. 
Bird, W. Crosby-Garret, r. Dr. Burn and Airs. Coulston. Mallerstang, c. 

Earl of Thanct. 
Birkelt, J. Ovinghani, c. T. C. Bigg. Stranton, v. with Seaton, c. Sir AI. 

fr. Ridley, ht. 
Bishop, H. Arcileigh, v. The King. Chiddingley, v. Duke of Dorset. 
Bishop, J. D.D. Doulting, V. with East-Cranmore, c. West-Cranmore, c. 

Dovvnhead, c. and Stockland St. Nich. c. Mells, r. with Leigh on 

Mendip, c. T. Harmer. Brookthorpe, v. Dn. and Ch. of Gloucester. 
Bissett, Geo. Dauntsey, r. Earl of Peterborough. Malmsbury, v. The 

King. Corston, c. Bp. of Bath. 
Bissil, W. Whisendine, r. E. of H arbor o ugh. Folksvvorth, r. IV. Wilkinson. 
Black, B. Copdock, r. with VVashbrook, v. Lord IValsingliam. Ilutton, r. 

Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. Catmere, r. J. A. Houblon. 
Black, W. Blaisdon, r. Lillinstone, r. Air. and Airs. Condors. 
Blackburn, Jas. Gainford, v. with Whorlton, c. and Denton, c. Trinity Col. 

Blackbiirne, Fra. Raskelf, c. Bp. of Chester. Bellerby, c. W. Chaytorn. 
Blackbiirne, Thos. Crofton, r. Eccles, v. The King. 
Blacow, Richard, Liverpool St. Mark, c. Robt. Digglesdc. West-Derby, 

c. Lord Alacclesfield. 

This is the Parson wlio became so notorious for his libels on the late lamented 

Blakeway, John B. Shrewsbury, St. Mary, p. c. with Astley, c. Alayor and 
Scholivater of Salop. Savage Nyend, v. The King. 

Blanchard, J. Middleton on the VVolds, r. Abr. Hoskins. North Dalton, 
c. J. Alicklethivorte and Miss Corthins. 

Blalch, J. Basingstoke, v. witii Basing, c. and Nateley, c. Alag. Col. Oxon. 

Blick, F. VVissett, c. F. C. Hartopp. Walton-on-Trent, r. with Rolleston, 
c. Marq. of Toivnshend. 

Bligh, Reginalil, Romaldkirk, r. John Hodgson. Buckland West, r. Lord 
De Dunstanvillc. 

Blofiekl, T. C. Iloveton St. John, and St. Pet, v. Bp. of Norwich. Nor- 
ton Bishops, V. The Prebendari/. 

Blomberg, F. W. Bradford, v. with Holt, c. Stoke, c. Westwood, c. Wrax- 
all, South, c. and Winsley, c. Incumbent. Shepton Mallet, r. The 

Blomtield, C. J. Chesterford, Great, v.— Little, r. Earl of Bristol. Lond. 
St. Botolpii, Bishopsgate, r. Bp. of London. 

Archdiacon of Colchester. First patronised by Lord Spencer for his translation of 

Blundell, J. Crowland, r. J. IVhitshed. Whapload, Drove, c. Trustees. 



The Church. 

Blundell, J. Manton, r. fF. Dolyson. Bromfield, d. Mess. Hamilton and 

Blyth, T. Knowle, r. Whitacre Over, c. E. Knight. Whitchurch, r. Lord 

Boldero, Geo. Binham, v. with Helloughton, v. with Rainham, v. Mrs. 

Darby. Kilverton, r. The King. Ixworth, p. c. R. Cartwright. 
Boldero, William, Carlton, r. with Willingham, c. Lord Dacre. Wood- 
ford, r. Hon. W. P. T. Long. 
BoUaiul, W. fewineshead, v. Camb. Frampton, v. Mr. Tunnond. 
Bolton, Wm. Nedging, r. with Hollesley, r. Incumbent. Brancaster, r. 

Duke of Beaujort. 
Bond, J. Ashford, v. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Bilsington, c. Sir T. Ri- 

Bond, John, Freston, r. E. Hassall. Netherex, p. c. Sir T. D. Acland. 

Saltfleetby, West, r. Oxon. 
Bond, Wm. Steeple with Tyneham, r. fF. Richards. Mutford, r. Whit- 
acre, r. Catnb, 
Bonney, H. K. Kingscliff, r. Earl of Westmoreland. Nassington, v. with 

Wood Newton, c. Preb. of Nessington. Yarwell, c. Thiirlby, p. c. 

Preb. of Carlton. 
Bonney, T. K. Coningsby, r. Sir G. Heathcote. Normanton, South, r. 

Chapel to Chesterfield. 
Bonson, G. East-Barkwitli, r. G. R. Heneage. Burgh-on-Bain, v. The King. 
Boodle, R. Radstock, r. E. ofWaldegrave. Barkway, v. Compton Dando, 

V. Bp. of Bath. 
Boon, R. Stockerstone, r. C. -S". Duncombe. Ufford, r. with Ashton, c. and 

Bainton, c. Camb. 
Booth, Ed. Friskney, v. fF. H. Booth. Firsby, r. with Steeping, Great, v. 
Jos. Walls. Wainfleet, St. Mary, c. Bethlehein Hospital. St. Thomas, 

c. Mr. Barnes. 
Booth, Geo. Markham, W. v. Abp. of York. Elksley, v. Duke of Nexv- 

Booth, L. Gwennap, v. Dn. and Ch. of Oxon. lllogan, r. Ld de Dunstan- 

Boothby, Brooke, Kirkby-in-Ashfield, r. Kirby-in-Ashfield, r. DwAvc/Por^- 


The Rector is son-in-law of Lord Vernon, who is brother of the Archbishop of 

Bosseley, Geo. Chesterfield, v. with Wingerworth, c. with Normanton, c, 

Dn. of Lincoln. 
Boudier, John, Grendon, v. Cambridge. Warwick, St. Mary, v. The King, 

Glendon Barf, v. The King by lapse. 
Boulter, J, Embleton, v. with Rennington, c. and Rock, c. Oxon. 
Boulton, Geo. Oxendon, Gt. r. Henry Boulton. Weston-on-Welland with 

Sutton, Bassett, v. Lord Sondes. 
Bouverie, J. Woolbeding, r. Ld Robt. Spencer. Tydd, St. Mary, r. The 

Bouverie, Hon. J. P. Pewsey, r. Hambleton, r. Earl of Radnor. 

One of the Bouverk's is a son, the others are nephews of the Ead of Radnor. J P. 
Bouverie is a Prebendary of Salisbury. 

Bowdler, T. North-Ash, r. Ridley, r. M. Lambord. 


The Church. 

Bowen, H, Orchard Portman, r. Taunton, St. Mar. r. St. James, c. E. B. 

Bowen, T. Birley, v. with Pyons Kings, y. Saml. Peploe. Guyting Tem- 
ple, c. Oxon. Llanfihangel, Trecleym, The King. 

Bowes, T. F. F. Cowlam, r. B. F. Bozves. Barton le Clay, r. The King. 

Bowles, W. L. Diimbleton, r. Lord Evesham. Bremhill, v. with Highway, 
c. Bp of Sarum and Abp. of Cant. alt. 

Relation of Lord 'Norlhwickc, and Editor of Pope's Works; about whose merits 
there has latterly been a great deal of scribbling between the Pluralist and Lord 

Bowlt, A. Ancroft, p.c Chapelry. Bambroiigh, c. with Beadnell, c. 

Lord Creiue's trustees. 
Bowman, J. Bixley, r. with Framlingham Earls, r. with Ludworth, r. Duke 

of Norfolk. Glossop, v. with Charlesworth, c. Earl fitzwilliam. 
Bowyer, Henry, Sunning-well, r. with Keniiington, c. Sir G. Bowyer, ht. 
Bowyer, R. G. Allerton, North, v. Dighton, c. Brompton, c. Dn. and 

Ch. of Dor. Howick, r. Bp. of Durham. 

Archdeacon of Northumberland, and Prebendary of Durham. Author of a Ser- 
mon preached on presenting the colours to the Durham Volunteers. 
Boycott, W. Beaston, St. And. r. /r. Boycott, since. Whitacre, r. Saml. 

Boyes, T. Ratclive, r. Oxon, Stratton, r. Thos. Masters. 
Boys, D. Benenden, v. C. Cartivright. Brookland, \. Dn. arid Ch. of 

Brackenbury, Edw. Skendleby, v. P. Burrcll and Mrs. Brackenhury. 

SnaiUi, c. Rawcliff, c. H. Yarburgh. Liisby, r. R. C. Brackenbury. 
Brackenbury, W. Halton-Holgate, r. Mr. and Mrs. Burrell. Hunbleby, 

V. Duke of Ancaster. 
Bradford, J. Ashenden, c. Dn. and Canon of Ch. Church. Dorton, p.c. 

Sir J. Aubrey. Exeter, Trinity, r. Dn. and Ch. of Exon. 
Bradley, W. Aldborough, v. Lear f'ernon. Badesley Enson, p.c. Inhabs. 

of Polesivorth. Fristone, s. Earl of Stratford. 
Bradley, W. S. Wambrook, r. Chas. Edwards. Timberscomb, v. The 

Biadriclge, H. Grilworth, r. Incumbent. Slapton, c. /F. Paige. 
Brandling, R. H. Rothwell, v. C. I. Brandling, M. P. for Northumberland. 

Castle Eden, p.c. R. Burdon. 
Bray, H. Pelham Brent, v. Pelham Furneaux, v. Bp. of London. 
Brazier, Jno. J. Cleobury, N. r. Mrs. Brazier. Whitmore, c. Thos. 

Bree, W. Allesley, r. S. Blcncowe. Bicknell, Church, \ . Earl of Ayles- 

ford . 
Breton, M. D.D. Kennington, v. Abp. of Cant. Kenardington, r. Bough- 

ton-Aluph, V. Incumbent. 
Brewster, J. EgglesclilTe, r. Bp. of Durham. Greatham, v. Hosp. of 

Grcatham. Laugliton, v. Lady Irwin. 
A Justice of Peace, and formerly Lecturer of Stockton-on-Tces. 
Brice, J. Asholt, r. Incumbent. Greinton, r. S. Kekezvith. 
Bridgcman, Hon. E, Betkwell, r. Marg. of Bath. Marston Bigolt, r. Earl 

of Cork. 


The Church. 

Bridgeman, Hon. George, Plemstal!, c. Sir H. Bridgeman, It. Wigan, 
r. Weston^under-Lizard, r. Earl of Bradford. 
The Bridgemans are brotliers of ihe Earl of Brad forte. 
Bridger, C. Albourne, r. Chas. Goring Twineham, v.SirH. Goring. 
Bridges, B. E. Bonniiigton, r. D. Papelton. Lenham, v. Mr. Bridges. 
Goodneston, c. Sir B. fV. Bridges. Wingham, p.c. Sir H. Oxenden. 
Bridges, B. H. Danbury, r. Woodham Ferrers, r. Sir B. W. Bridges. 

Bridges, N. D.D. Hatton, p.c . Henstridge, v. The Preb. 

Willoughby, v. Oxon. 
Briggs, J. Bradwell, r. The King. Thornborough, v. Lady Fer?nanagh. 
Briggs, J. Alban's, St. Peter's, v. Bp. of Ely. Quainton, r. Mrs. Ekins. 
Briggs, T. Gransden, Little, r. Bp. of Ely. Pattiswick, d. Bp. of Lond. 
Bright, J. Alderton, r. Jno. Parsons. Grafton- Regis, r. The King. 
Bristol, Right Rev. Lord Bishop of, Somersham, r. with Pidley, c. An- 
nexed to Reg. Prof. Div. in Catnbridge. 
Master of Christ's College, Cambridge. 
Britton, J. Bossall, v. Dn. and Ch. of Durh. Aclam, East, r. Chanc. of 

Broadley, R. Cattistock, r. P. Broadley. Stinsford, v. Earl of llchester. 
Brocklebank, J. Compton-Abdale, c Dn. and Ch. of Bristol. Mel- 
bourne, V. Dn. and Ch. of Ely. Teversham, r. Bp. of Ely. Was- 
dale-Head, c St. Bee's Parish. Whitbeck, c. Mr. Park. 
Bromfield, T. R. Napton, v. The King. Grandborough, v. Bp. of Lichfield. 
Bromley, T. Bighton, r. J. and E. Eyre. Bishopstone, St. Mary, v. 

Earl of Pembroke. 
Brooke, Ch. Blaxhall, r. Agnes Ingleby. Ufford, r. Cambridge. 
Brooke, Jii. Elmstead, v. Whittlestord, v. Cambridge. 
Brooke, J. Colston-Basset, v. Gamston, r. The King. 
Brookes, T. LL-D. Avening, r. Dr. Brookes. Mangotsfield, c. Incum- 
bent. Horton, r. Thos. Brookes, Esq. 
Brooks, W. Stallingboro', v. Bp. of London. Coventry, St. Jno. i-. Mayor 

and Corp. 
Brooksbank, E. H. Healaugh, v. Mr. Brooksbank. Tickhill, v. C. S. 

Brown, J. Bassenthwaite, c. Dn. and Ch. of Carlisle. Suttesbury, r. Oxon. 

Taddiiigton, c. Fzc. of Bakewell. Minting, v. Cambridge. 
Brown, T. Seaton-Ross, c.'C«m6. Conington, r. Bp. of Ely. Hackthorne, 

V. Jno. Craycrojt. Blacktofte, c Dn. and Ch. of Durliam. 
Brown, W. Lond. AUhallows, Lombard-street, r. Dn. and Ch. of Cant. 

Stonesfield, r. Duke Marlborough. 
Brown, W. Frickley, c. with Clayton, c. And. IVard. Meiford, v. Bp. of 
St. Asaph. Horton, r. Incumbent. Farnham, c. C. Long. Hooton 
Pagnal, v. JVakefield School. Glemham, Gt. c. Lit. r. Dudley North. 
Saxmundham, r. Chas. Long. 
Brown, W. R. Clackton, Lit. v. St. Osyth, c. F. Nopan. 
Browne, Ch. Blownorton, r. Incumbent. Laiston, c. Haberdashs. Camp. 

London. Whitstone, r. Thos. Browne. 
Browne, Hy. Hoby, r. Incumbent. Ayleston, r. with Glen, Lit. c. and 

Lubsthorpe, c. Duke Rutland. 
Browne, J. H. Crownthorpe, r. LordJVodehouse. Bunhall, r. Sir A. IVode- 
house. Cotgrave, r. Earl Manvers. 


The Church. 

Browne, L. R. Carlton, r. Kellishall, r. Rev. B. Bence. 

Browne, M. Eglwyscymmyn, r. TJie King. Hinckley, v. with Stoke 
Goldingtnn, c. and Dadlirigton, c. Dii. and Ch. of fVestminster, 

Browne, T. Gorleston witii Southtown, r. and Westown, c. Mrs. Asiley. 

Browne, Wm. Launton, r. Bp. of Lond. Dallinghoe, r. Incumbent. 

Browning, F.Titchwell, r. with Meare, South, v. Eton College. 

Bryan, Chas. Preston, v. Bp. of Gloucester. Woolaston, r. D. of Bedford. 

Bryant, Ch. Lancaute, c. Woolaston, r. cum Alvington, c. D. of Bedford. 

Buchanan, G. Woodmansterne, r. Northfleet, v The King. 

Buck, J. Fransham, Gt. r. Incumbent. Newton, West, r. The King. 
Appleton, V. Oxon. 

Buck, R. Fletton, r. Lord Cari/sfort. Yaxley, v. The King. 

Buckeridge, C. Bromley, Kings, c. Chanc. of Lichfield. Pulchrohon, r. 
The King. Lancarvan, v. 

Buckeridge, R. Beighton, r. Fisct. Anson. Edinghall, c. Chanc. of Lich- 

Buckland, Ch. Chelborough, West, r. B. Cooper. Trusham, r. Sir fF. 
dc la Pole. 

Buckie, Wni. Wrentham, r. Miss Buckle. Pirton, v. Oxon. Beding- 
field, V. J. J. Bedingfield. 

Buckston, Geo. Bradborne, e. with Ballidon, c. Duke Devonshire. Shir- 
land, V. Geo. Buckston. 

Budd, li. Bridewell, London, c. Governors. White Roothing, r. 7?. 
Budd, M.D. 

Bull, Nic. Ickleton, v. Bp. of Ely. Saffron Walden, v. Lord Braybrook. 

Bullen, Abm. C. Great Baddow, v. Woodham Mort, r. A. Bullen. 

Buller, R. Lanreth, v. Tavy St. Mary, r. Jno. Bullen. 

Buhner, A. Haydon, r. with Irmingland, r. fV. fF. Buhner. 

Buhner, P. Orby, v. Bp. of London. Thorpe, v, Bp. of Lincoln. 

Bulwer, A. C. r. Ca?nbridge. Corpusty, v. Sequcst. 

Burford, J. W. Laver-Magdalen, r. Incumbent. Tottington, r. Got', of 

Burgess, Geo. Atherington, r. Fra. Bassett. Ilalvergate, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Moulton with Tunstall, v. Rev. H. Anguish. 

A relation of the Bishop of St. David's, and brother-in-law to the Duke of St. 
Albaii's who is son-in-law of Parson 'I'lielwall, and brother-in-law to Parson Talbot. 
The Bishop is the son of n grocer at Odiham, Hants, where he was born, about If .55. 
His first patron was the Bishop of Durliam, who gave him a Prebend, first in the 
cathedral of Salisbury, and afterwards at Durham, which he still holds. At Durham, 
be continued till the admiiiislration of Mr. AMinglon, (now Sidmouth,) who bad 
been his companion at Winchester College, conterred on him, in 1802, the See of St. 
David's. In 1796, the Bishop married a Miss Bright, of Durham, balf-sistcr of the 
Marchioness of Winchester. 

Burgh, Allen, London, St. Lawrence Jewry, v. St. Mary, Milk-street, r. 

Bal. Coll. Oxon and Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. 
Burn, E. Birmingham, St. Mary, c. Trustees. Ashted, c. Geo. Simpcox. 
Burnaby, T. Leicester, St. Leonard, v. B?/ Sequestration. St. Margaret, 

V 'Preh. of Lincoln. Mislerton, r. The King, by Lunacy. 
Burnaby, 1\ B. Ashfordby, r. A.hhv Folville, v. Hon. Jno. Grey. 
Burney, R. A. Buckland ", v. The Prebendary. Rimpton, r. Bp. 

of IVinton. 


The Church. 

Burrard, Geo. Middleton-Tyas, r. The King. Yarmoutli, r. Shalfleet, v. 
Fobbing, r. Sir H. B- Neale, M.P. 

This well-endowed pluralist is also a Magistrate and a King's Chaplain. He is 
brother to Sir H. Burrard Neale, M.P. and to Lady Rook, who has a pension, and 
son-in-law to Admiral Bingham. 

Burrotighes, E. Stow Langtoft, r. Sir IV. Raivlinson. Taseburgh, r. Sir 
Thomas Beevorht. 

Burroughes, Jas. Birlingham, St. Andrew, with St. Edmund and St. Peter, 
r. Mr. and Mrs. Burroitghs. 

Burt, C. H. Cannington, \. Incumbent. Hoo St. Mary, v. Mrs. Burt. 

Burton, Henry, Siirewsbury, St. Giles and Holy Cross, v. Lord Berivick. 
Madeiey, v. R. Ki/uas'ton. Atcham, v. R. Burton. 

Burton, Jas. Waddesdon, r. Duke Marlborough. Over-Worton, r. JV. 
Wilson. Nether-Worton, p.c. C. Cartivright. Berkhampstead, Little, 
r. Marquis of Salisbury. 

Busfield, J. A. London, St. Mary, Steyning, r. with St. Michael, Wood- 
street. The King and Parish alt. 

Lecturer of St. John the Evangelist and St. Anne, Westminster, alternate Morn- 
ing Preacher at the Asylum, and Chaplain to Lord Mulgrave. A native of York- 
shire, and author of a Fast-Day Strtnon. 

Bush, Ed. A. Cant. St. And. r. — St. Mary Bred, r. Archbishop tivice, 
Dn. and Ch. once. 

Butcher, R. Holt, Wandsworth, v. T. A. Ackworth. Chcshani, v. Duke 
of Bedford. 

Butler, T. West Tisted, d. Warleham East, v. Oxon. Empshot, r. J. Butler. 

Butler, Thos. Benthain, r. E. Parker. Whittington, r. Rev. G. Hornby. 

Butler, W. Cerne Nether, c. F. I. Broivne. Seabarrow, r. Sir J. Mans- 
field. Frampton, v. Bettesconibe, r. E. J. Broivne. 

Several more Butlers are in the Church. Rev. J. L. Butler, D.D. is Head Master 
of Shrewsbury Grammar-school, and Prebendary of Lichfield. He married a daughter 
of Dr. Apthivpe, a pluralist. W. Butler is Morning Preacher of Charlotte-street- 
chapel, Pimlico. His son, W. Butler, is Lecturer of Brompton, and author of a 
pamphlet on the French Revolution. 

Butt, E. Little Hinton, r. Sir R. Carr Glynn. Leake, v. Oakburn School. 

Butt, J. M. Oddingley, r. Lord Foley. Stamford, St. Andrew and St. 
Michael with St. Stephen. Garston East, v. The King, one turn ; 
the Maijor, one turn ; and the Marq. of Exeter, ttvo turns. 

Butt, T. Kinnersley, r. Geo. G. L. Gozver. Arley Over, c. Lord Valen- 
tine. Trentham, p.c. Marq. of Stafford. 

Buxton, J. Biinwell, r. Carlton, r. Incumbent. 

Son of Sir Robert Paxton, and uncle to J. J. Buxton, M.P. 

Bythesea, J. L. Badgenton, r. Marq. of Bath. Leish de la Meer, r. 
H. C. Vince. 

Bywater, W. Anderby, r. Cainl^erworth, r. Mag. Coll. Cainb. 

Cadwallader, D, Abden, r. Earl of Pembroke. Preenchurch, c. Miss 

Cage, Charles, Bredgar, v. Sir E. Deering. Leyborne, r. L. Cage. 

Cage, Ed. Baddlesmere, r. Eastling, r. Newnham, v. cum Leveland, n 
Lord Sondes. 



The Church. 

Calvert, William, Himsdon, r. Childerley, r. Pelhani Stocking, r. N, 

Cambridge, Ven. Geo. Owen, Elme, r. and v. cum Emneth, r. and v. 

Bishop of Ely. 
Archdeacon of Middlesex, and Prebendary of Ely. 
Campbell, C. Wesenham, All Saints, v. St. Peter, v. Shingham, r. 

Beechamwell All Saints, r. The King. 
Campbell, R. Owstone, v, B. Clook. Skelbrook, c. Sir R. Perryn. 

Skirbeck, r. Rev. V. Volans. 
Campion, W. H. Westmiston, r. Incumbent. Street, r. Mr. Lane. 
Camplin, J. Coombe Florey, r. The King. Studley, r. Mat. Brickdale. 
Cane, W. A. London, St. Andrew Hubb, r.— St. Marg. at Hill, r. Parish 

and Duke of Northumberland, alt. Dodington, c Duke of Nor- 

Canniford, L. Abingdon, St. Helen's, v. Dry Sandford, c. Shippon, c. 

Drayton, c. The King. 
Caparn, J. Leverton, r. Rev. S. Partridge. Toft, St. Paul and St. Peter, 

r. The King. 
Capel, Hon. W. R. Watford, v. Raine, Lit. r. Earl of Essex. 

Brother to the Earl of Esses. 
Capper, G. Blackenham, Lit, r. Gosbeck, r. T. rcrnon. Wherstead, v. 

The King. 
Capper, J. Ashurst, r. Duke of Dorset. Wilmington, v. Hon. G. A. H. 

Cavendish. LoUington, v. Bishop of Chichester. 
Prebendary of Chichester. 
Cardale, George, Flitwick, v. Du. of Bedford. Milbrook, r. Bp. ofWinton. 
Cardew, J. H. Curry Mallet, r. with Curland, c. The King. Salcombe, 

V. Dn. and Ch. of Oxon. 
Carlisle, W. button Le Dale, r. C. Kinnersley. Ipstones, c. The Inha- 
Carlos, Jas. Thorpe St. Matthew, r. The King. Wortham Everard, r— 

Jervis, r. J. Patteson. 
Carlton, H. C. Arrow, r. Marquis of Hertford. Exhall, r. with Wiggles- 
ford, c. The King. Preston onStour, c. Jos. IVest. 
There arc other Carltons in the cliurch ; they are relations of the Earl of Dorchester. 
Carlyon, T. St, Probus, v. with Merthor, c. Bishop of Exon. Truro, r, 

E. of Mt. Edgecombe. 
Carr, Colston, Ealing, v. Old Brentford, c. Bishop of London. 
Carr, E. Quatt, r. VVoolstaston, r. with Newchapel,'c. ff^. irhitmore. 
Carr, John, Oakley Great, r. Hatfield Brantingham, v. with Ellerker, 

c. Triniti/ Coll. Cambridge. 
Carr, R.J. Brightelmstone, v. with West Bletchington, c. H.C. Campion. 

Bignor, r. The King. 
Carr, I'homas, Thorner, v. The King. Shudy Camps, v. Cambridge. 
Carr, William Aston, Tirrell, r. Tiibney, v. Oxon. 

These Carrs are well provided, and there are three more with valuable livings. 
The pluralist of Brighton is, also, Dean of Hereford. His father is the vicar of 
Ealir.g. His brother. Sir H. W. Carr, is a colonel in the army, and married Perce- 
val's widow, with a pension of ^2000 a-year, who b sister-in-law to Lord Arden, the 
great sinecurist and pensioner. 


The Church. 

Carrington, J. Exeter, St P&ncms, Sequestered. Topsham, d. Exeter, St. 

Martin, r. Coker, East, v. Dn. and Ch. of Eton. 
Prebendary of Exeter. 
Carrow, R. Broxholme, r. Carlton, North, p.c. Lord Monson. 
Carter, J. Upton All Saints, v. Sir W. Amcath. Weston, v. ^. Fa- 

Carter, Jos. Barkwith, W. r. C. D. Holland. Goltho, p.c. with Biil- 

lington, c. T. Mainivaring. 
Carter, S. Felthorpe, r. Bishop of Nonvich. Ringland, v. Bishop of 

Cartwright, E. Earnley, r. Duke of Norfolk. Goadby Marwood, r. Ainy 

Stafford. Brampton, p.c. Dean of Lincoln. Farham, r. Lord Zouch. 

Prebendary of Lincoln. Younger brother of Major Cartwright, the steady advocate 

of Parliamentary Reform. Dr. C. is an ingenious mechanic, and author of many useful 

inventions, for which he received a grant from Parliament of ^10,000. He married, 

lor his second wife, a daughter of Dr. John Kearney, Precentor of Armagh. 

Carver, Chas. Aslacton, c. Horning, v. Mrs. Bodhain. 

Carver, W. J. Snetterton, r. Lord Albemarle. Winfarthing, r. The King. 

Carwithen, William, Manaton, r. Rev. G. Carivithen. Exeter, St, Mary 

Steps, c. J. H. Southcote. 
Casson, W. Norton by Twycross, r. The King. Thrushington, v. Lord 

Castell, W. Brooke, v. The King. Threxton, r. Bishop of Norwich. 
CatJicart, A. H. Kippad, v. Methley, r. The King. Ravenstone, v. Earl 

of IVinchelsea. 
Brother of Earl Cathcart, whose family get at least o£27,000 a-year from Church 
and State. 

Cautley, Thomas, Cambridge, St. Clement, c. St. Mary, Gt. c. Camb. 

Griston, v. Bishop of Ely. Sawston, v. E. Huddles'tone. 
Cautley, W. Kirkburn, v. The King. Warter, v. Lord Muncaster. 
Cayley, J. Terrington, r. W. Bawson. Wykeham, c. Mr. Hutchins. 

Brompton, v. Sir G. Cayley. 
Chafy, William, Swaleclitife, r. Earl Cowper. Sturry, v. Ahp. of 

Challen, J. G. Shermanbury, r. Miss Challen. Bressingham, r. Duke of 

Chaloner, John, Darrington, v. Abp. of York. Newton Kyme, r. 

T. L. Fairfax. 
Chamberlayne, G. W^eymouth, r. with Wyke Regis, r. Bishop of Win- 
Chambers, A. Swinderby, v. L. D. Fytche. Atiborne, v. C. Neville. 
Chambers, Chas. C. Welwick, v. R. C. Chambers. Holmpton, r. The 

Chainbers, J. P. Spernall, r. T. Chambers. Hedenham, r. N. Chambers. 
Champnes, Thos. W. Cottesford, r. Eton College. Upton, v. The King. 

Ogbourn, St. George, v- Dean arid Canons of Windsor. 
Chandler, Geo. Southain, r. The King. Treeton, r. Duke of Norfolk. 
Chandler, P. Burnham Overy, v. The King. Hautboys, r. Licumbent. 
Chaplin, Edw. Blankney, r. /. Chaplin. Norwell, v. Norwell, Overhall, 

V. Carleton-on-Trent, c. Preb. of Norivell. 


The Church. 

Chaplin, Rt. Averham, r. with Kelham, r. The King. Tathwell, v. 

Bishop nf Lincoln. 
Chaplin, W. Ilalton, W. r. Archbishop of Canterbury. Haugham, v. 

Sir I. Chaplin. 

The Chaplins are cousins to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and to C. Chaplin, M.P. 
for Lincolnshire. 

Chapman, Leon. Edwalton, c. ff^. Chazvnrth. Wysall, v. Viscount Gos- 

Chapman, K. H. Ciixton, r. Tattington, v. with Brundish. c. Bishop of 

Chappelow, L. Biirston, v. The King. Teddiniiton, d. Thomas Perkins. 
Charleswprth, J. Flowton, r. Airs. Thornton. O^sington, p.c. ff^. Cart- 

Charleton, C. Tyneinouth, v. Shields, North, c. Duke of Northumber- 
Chartres, J. Godmanchester, v. Dn. and Ch. of Westminster. West Had- 

don, V. /. Whitfield. 
Cheap, A. Elvington, r. The King. Knaresboroiigh, v. Earl Rosslyn. 
Chester, Ch. Ayott, St. Peter, r. Earl of Haraiuicke. Rettenden, r. 

Bishop of London. 
Chester, W. Denton, r. Jhp. of Canterbury. Woodrising, r. John Ifcyland. 

Langford, r. with Ickborough, r. Rt. Wilson. 
Chetwode, G. Ashton-under-Line, r. £a?'/ o/" ^/flm/orrf. Stratton-Audley, 

c. Oxon. 
Chevallier, C. Cransford, v. Rev. T. Chevallier. Ellough, r. R. Sparrow. 
Chilcott, J. Tiuirlston, r. Incumbent. Dean Priors, v. Sir F. Bullcr. 
Childers, Rev. William Walbank, Beeford, r. The King. Cantley, v. 

/. W. Childers. 
Chisholm, Ch. Eastwell, r, G. F. Hatton. Preston, v. Abp. of Cant. 
Christopherson, J. R. Grainsby, r. T. Sands. Eagle, v. Mrs. Bitckicorth. 
Church, Jos. Felmingham, v. Bishop of Norivich. Frcttenham, r. with 

Stanninghall, r. Lord Sujield. 
Churchill, Benj. Appl.^dram, p.c Nortlileigh, r. Dn. and Ch. of Chichester. 
Churchill, J. D. Blickling, v. Lord Sujield. Henstead, r. Rt. Sparrow. 

Cadeby, r. Mrs. Puchin. Sellslone, v. Archbishop of York. Er- 

pingiiam, r. Lord and Ladi/ Suffield, 
Churchill, W. U. Winlerbourne, St. Mart. v. Bishop of Sarum. Ander- 

ston, r. Lord G. TregonzLeil. Tomson, r. Lord Dorchester. "Wither- 


Chute, Thos. V. Moulton Great, r. Pickcnham South, r. TF. Chute. 

Sherborne, St. John, r. T. L. Chute. 
Clack, W. Ch. Moreton-Hampstead, r. Woolboroiigh, d. with Newton- 
Abbotts, c. Viscount Courtcnaij. 
Clapham, Samuel, Cin-i;,tciinrch, v.' with IToldeniuirst, c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Winton. Gussage, St. Mic. r. /. and R. Randall. Great Ouseborn, 

V. 'The King. Farnham, ]).c. Mrs. Faster. 
This man is a native of Leeds, Yorkshire, where he was educated. He was first 
patronized by Lord Loughborough, then Lord Chancellor, who presented him to the 
livins: of Great Ouseborn. As a remuneration lor his Abridceuicnt of the Bishop of 
Winchester's (Prelyuian) Elements of Christian ThooK>gy, that prelate obtained for 
him the vicarage of Cbristchurch and the rectory of Gussage. He is an acting raa- 


gistrate for the countv, and was lately diligently employed in compiling an Index to 
Burn's and Williams's Justice, Blackstoiie's, Hawkins', &c. law-books. What he is 
doing now we cannot say, unless writing for " My Grandmother's Review," or the 
Christian Observer. 
Clark, J. Barrow, r. Marquis Chohnondelej/. Duxforcl, v. Cambridge. 

Billingham, v. Wolviston, c. Dn. and Ch. of Durham. 
Clarke, E. D. Harleton, c. Ca7nb. Yeldham, r. Sir W.Rush. 
Claike, J. C. Colwall, r. Archbishop ofCanterbicri/. Denton, c. Chassely. 
Clarke, Jas. S. Preston, v. Pnb. ofStoive. Tiliington, r. Earl of Egre- 
Canon of Windsor. Domestic Chaplain, Historiographer, and Librarian to the 
King. The Pluralist is the son of the late Rev. Edward Clarke, Rector of Buxted, 
Sussex, was formerly a Chaplain in the Navy, and owed his appointment in the royal 
household to his intimacy with Admiral Payne. He is author of a Life of Nelson, 
and established the periodical miscellany the Naval Chronicle. 
Clarke, J. Foxall, r. and Brightwell, r. with Kesgrave, c. Sir J. Shaw. 
Cleyhdon, r. Incumbent. Dunkswell, v. Mrs. M. Graves. Weston- 
on-'l'rent, v. /. Lane. 
Clarke, Lisc. Biddeston, St. Pet. Slaughterford, c. and St. Nich. r. St. 
Mary's College, Winton, 
Prebendary of Hereford and Fellow of Winchester College. A relation an Arch- 
deacon, and others with valuable preferments in Cathedrals. 
Clarke, S. Clialkton, with Clanfield, r. and Idsworth, c. Rev. J. C. Jer- 

voice. Cheriton, v. The King, Blendworth, r. /. C. Jervoice. 
Clarke, T. Overbiiry, v. with Alston, c. Teddington, c and Washborne, 

Lit. c. Da. and Ch. of Worcester. 
Clarke, Thos. Micheldever, v. with Stratton, c. Popham, c. and North- 
ington, c. Sir Thomas Baring. Owston, v with Biitterwick, VY. c. 
The King. 
Clarke, Thos. Worcester, St. Michael Bedwarding, r. The King. Tos- 

mere, r. Sir H. W. Dashwood. 
Clarke, Wm. St. Cross, r. A. Adair. Sheckling, v. Earl of Cardigan. 
Clarkson, J. Barford, Gt. r. Roxton, v. Cambridge. 
Clarkson, Townley, Hinxton, v. Swavesey, v. Cambridge. 
Clay, Benjamin, Hockerton, r. Mrs. Whetham. Worlington, East, r. 

Ho7i. N. Fe Howes. 
Clay, Pelham, Chawley, r. Eggesford, r. Hon. N. Felloives. 
Clayton, John, Eversholt, c. with Frome St. Quintin's, r. The Kiiig. 
Clayton, R. Davvley, c. Stirchley, r. /. Oakley. 
Cleaver, J. F. Corwen, r. with Rug, c. Bishop of St. Asaph. Coxwell, 

Great, v. Bishop of Sarum. 
Cleaver, J. J. Holme Pierrepoint and Adbolton, r. Earl Manvers. Ap- 

pleton-in-the-Street, v. with Swinton, c. Hutton Ambo, c. Camb. 
Cleaver, John, Edwinstow with Ollerton, c. Carburton, c. Dn. and Ch. of 
Lincoln. Crambe, v. Archbishop of York. South Leverton, v. 
Palethorne, c. Dn. of Lincoln. Slingsby, r. Ollerton, c. Wellow, 
c Earl of Carlisle. Weston-in-the Clay, r. Earl Manvers. 
Cleaver, Wm. Llanvaur, r. Bishop of St. Asaph. Wanlip, r. Sir C. T. 
J. F. Cleaver is Prebendary of St. Asaph. Cleaver is Prebendary of South- 
well. The Pluralists owe their preferments to their father, the late Bishop of Su 


The Church. 

Asaph, who died in 1815. The Bishop was tutor to the late Marquis of Buckingham, 
with wiiom he went to Ireland during his viceroyaliy. His brother was first made 
bishop of Ferns, then archbishop of Dublin. He himself first obtained a prebend of 
Westminster, was next elevated to the See of Chester, and, after one or two more 
removes, to the See of St. Asaph. He married a Miss Asheton, sister of Wm. A. 
of Lancashire, from whom the present subjects are descended. 

Clifton, Robert Matson, r. Dn. and Cli. of Gloucester. Worcester, St. 

Nicholas, r. Bishop of Worcester. 
Clifton, W. Clifton, r. Sir Ger. Clifton. Lissington, r. Dn. and Ch. of 

York. Bramfield, v. The King. 
Clowes, John, Grendon, r. /. Bradshazo. Manchester, St. John, r. E. Byro/n. 

This man is a zealous disciple of the late Baron Swedenborg. 
Glutton, J. D.D. Kinnersley, r. Thomas Glutton. Lidney, v. with Ail- 
berton, c. Briavells, St. c. Huelsfield, c. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. 
A Canon of Hereford. 

Coates, John, Addinghain, r. Mr. and Mrs. Ciuilijfc. Huddersfield, v. 

Sir J. Ramsden. 
Coates, R. T. Steeplc-Langford, r. Oxo/j. Sopworth, r. Duke of Beaufort. 
Cobb, J. D.D. Charlbury, v. with Chadlington, c. and Hampton Gay, 

c. Ox on. 
Cobbold, T. Wilby, r. Mrs. Cohbold. Woolpit, r. Incumbent. 
Cockbiirn, L. D. H. Etwall, v. Norton in Hales, r. The King. 
Cockburn, R. Bolney, v. Prch. of Stowe. Boxley, v. The King. 
Cocker, VV. B. Ruddington, v. with Bradmore, c. Duke of Devonshire. 

Bunny, v. Sir T. Parkins. 
Cockin, W. Cherrington, r. R. Prcttingham. M inchinhampton, r. J. Pitt. 
Cockrane, J. Athol, Long Horsley, v. Maiifield, v. The King. 

Brother of Lord Dundonald and formerly Chaplain in the Army. 
Coke, F. Aylton, r. Earl of Oxford. Glanstery, r. The Kitig. Selleck, 

V. with Marstoii, c. and Pencoyd, c. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. 
A Prebendary of Hereford. 
Coker, W. K. Curry North, r. with Stoke St. Greg. c. and Hatch, 

c. Dn. and Ch. of Wells. 

Colby, S. EUingliam, Lit. v. Gt. r. Thelnethan, r. Dover Colby. 

Coldham, J. Annier, r. Jos. Coldham. Stockton, r. P. Randall. Snet- 

tisiiam, r. Henry Styleman. 
Cole, S. Brettenham, r. The King. Sithne)-, v. Bishop of Exon. 
Cole, Thomas Buckby, Long, v. Bishop of Peterborough. Watford, v. 

The King. 
Coleby, Geo. Colby, r. Thorpe Market, v. Lord Sufficld. 
Coles, J. SWchesieT, T. Earl of Longford. Southwick, d. Mr.Thistlewaite. 
Collet, A. Aldringham, c Lord Huntingficld. Heveningham, r. The 

King. Linstead, c. Thorpe, c. Lord Huntingficld. 
Collett, W. Swanton Morley, r. Sir J. Lambe. Surlingham, r. Rev. W. 

Collett. Egmere, r. T. W. Coke. 
Collins, J. Nicholaston, r. with Oxwich, r. T.M.Talbot. Ilston, r. The 

King. Cheshunt, v. Penrice, c. Marquis of Salishun/. 

CoUinson, S. D.D. Dowiish Wake, r. West, r. /. Hanning. 

CoUyer, C. Brinton, r. with Hiornage, r. Sir J. H. Astlcy. 
CoUyer, Ch. Bale, r. with Gunthorpe, r. Incumbent. 
Colman, J. Swafield, r. The King. Knapton, r. B. IVigg. 


The Church. 

Colmer, John, Askerswell, r. J. Bennett. Cricket Malherbe, r. Mr. Pitt. 
Colson, J. M. Studlaiul, r. E. M. PleydelL Slratton, c. Mr. Trenchard. 
Colson, T. M. Piddlehinton, r. Eton ^Coll. Pilsdon, r. Hon. C. Damer. 

Charlniinster, v. Mr. Trenchard. Linkenholt, r. Mrs. IVorgan. 
Colston, T. E. Broadwell, v. with Holwell, c. and Kemscott, c. E. F. Colston. 
Colston, W, H. D.D. Clapton in Gordana, r. Mrs. Colston. Kenton 

Mandeville, r. Rev. Geo. Stone. Lydford, r. E. F. Colston. 
Coltnian, Jos. Hameringhan-i with Scrayiield, r. Mrs. Coltman. 
Colton, Caleb, Kew, v. Petersham, c. Camb. 
Columbine, P. Little Plumstead with Brnndall and Wilton, r. Miss Leigh. 

Hardley, c. Corp of Norivich. Thurlston, r. Mmjor and Aid. of 

Colville, Nathaniel, Lawshall, r. H. L. Acton. Baylham, r. A'". L. Acton. 

Broome, r. Mrs. Foivle. 
Compton, J. C. Minstead, r. with Lyndhurst, c. H. C. Compton. 
Comyns, J. Bishops-Teignton, v. The Preb. Rackenford, r. T. Melhuish. 
Coney, Thos. Spergrove, r. with Batcombe, r. B. Coney. Chedzey, r. 

Rev. T. Coney. 
Constable, R. Cowfoid, v. Bp. of Chichester. Hailsham, v. Mr. Hooper. 
Cooke, C. Bromeswell, r. Earl of Bristol. Seamer, r. Incumbent. 
Cooke, Geo. Didmarton, r. Oldbury-on-the-Hill, r. Duke Beaufort. Tort- 
worth, r. Oxon. 
Cooke, G. Leigh, r. Broadwell with Addlestrap, v. /. H. Leigh. Wick 

Rissington, r. The King. Cubbington, v. Honingham, p.c. /. H. Leigh. 
Professor of Natural Philosophy, and Keeper of the Archives in the University of 

Cooke, H. Sandy, r. G. C. Yarboro. Darfield, r. Incumbent. 
Cooke, J. D.D. Wood Eaton, r. L fVeyland. Begbrook, r. Sir J. Dashzvood. 
Cooke, J. Birmingham, St. Bartholomew, c. Rev. C. Curtis. Swilland, 

V. Ripton Kings, r. The King. 
Cooke, John, Greenwich, c. The Gov. of Hosp. Dinton, r. The King. 
Cooke, R. Worsborough, c. Chupelry. Tortworth, r. Oxon. 
Cooke, Thos. Dilton Marsh, c. Westbury, v. with Bratton, c. Precent. 

Cooke, T. L. Beckley, v. with Studley, c. Rev. L. Cooke. Rrandeston, 

r. Oxon. 
Cooke, Wm. Hempstead, r. with Lessingham, r. Camb. Thurlby Firmin, 

V. Bp. of Lincoln. Pipe, v. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. 
Cookson, Christ. WiUingham Cherry, v. G. Hut'ton. Whittering, r. Marq. 

Cookson, J. George, Fordington, v. with Wrightlington, r. Sarum Cath. 
Cookson, J. Colmer, r. with Prior's Dean, c. Jos. Cookson. Halting, v. 

Sir H. Fethestone. 
Coombe, T. London, St. Michael, Queenhithe, r. Trinity the Less. r. Dn. 

and Ch. of St. Paul's. 

King's Chaplain. A native of America, and formerly Chaplain to the Marquis of 

Cooper, Bl. Luccombe, r. Yetminster, v. with Leigh, c. Chilborough, E. 

r. B. Cooper. 
Cooper, E. Ridware Hampstall, r. Mrs. Leigh. Yoxall, r. Rev. T. Leigh. 
Cooper, H. P. Great Hampton, c. Oxon. Evesham, All Saints, c. — 

St. Laurence, c. The King. 


The Church. 

Cooper, J. M. Sutton Cheney, c. ChapeAry. Peckleton, r. S. Greaves. 
Cooper, W. West Raisen, r. Incumbent. Wacldingham, r. with Snitterby, 

c. The King. 
Cope, Geo. D.D. Bromyard, 3d Port, r.— v. with Stamford Bishops, c. 

and Wacton, c. Bp. of Hereford. Madley, v. with Tiberton, c. Dn. 

and Ch. of Hereford 
Copleston, Ed. D.D. Purleigh, r. Annexed to Pro. of Oriel Coll. Oxon. 

Sutton at Hone, r. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. 

Provost of Oriel College. Oxford, and Prebendary of Rochester. Dr. C. is the 
author of several polemical and political pamphlets, which have attracted some atten- 
tion, though they are now apparently forf^otten. 
Copleston, J. B. St. Thos. v. J. Buller. Upper Ottery, v. Dn. and Ch. 

of Exon. 
Copnor, Cornelius, Naunton Beauchamp, r. The King. Worcester, St. 

Peter, Gt. v. Dn. and Ch. of IVorcester. 
Corbey, S. Scrayingham, r. Leppington, c. Kirkbramwith, r. The King. 

Wortley, c. Rec. of Ynrkerslei/. 
Corne, W. Tixall, r. Oxon. Swinnerton, r. Mrs. Rnhinson. 
Cornwallis, W, Elhain, r. Wittersham, r. Ahp. of Cant. 
Corseilis, T. Layer Marney, r. N. C. Corscllis. Wivenhoe, r. Rev. N. 

Cory, J. Kettlestone, r. The King. Siierford, r. Marq. Townshend. 
Costabadie, J. Wensley, r. witii Bolton, c. Lord and Lady Bolton. 
Cotman, J. Langham, r. Sharnford, r. The King. 
Cotton, H. Adderbury, E. v. with Bodicott, c. Oxon. Barford, St. John, 

c« and Milton, St. John, c. Mrs. Lord. Kemniys, r. Ld Conihermere. 
Cotton, H. C. Penn, v. Vise Curznn. Hinstock, r. Sir C. Corbett. 
Cotton, W. Chicheley, v. C Chester. Audlein, v. Burledam, c. Sir R. 

S. Cotton. Adderley, r. Sir C. Corbett. B'amdisii, r. C. Chester. 
Coulthorpe, W. Bieancliiley, v. G. Coulthorpe. Southover, r. The King. 
Cove, Ed. Brim])ton, v. His Wife. Woolhampton, r. Miss Crewe. 

Coventry, Thos. li. Croome, d. Enrl of Cot entry. Abitot, r 

Cowling, W, Aldbury, v. Treas. of St. Faults. Newton Blossomville, r. 

John IVolfe. 
Co.\, J. Clieddington, r. Daivvood, c. Incumbent. Stockland, v. Inhab. 

Belciianip Ot'ton, r. Parson Wright. Harpswell, c. Sir T. Whicheste. 
Cox, Rich. S. Wayford, r. John Pinney. Poorton, N. r. T. Banger. 
Cox, T. Ilaseley, r. Bagginton, r. W. Davenport. Coleridge, v. Bp. of 

Cox, W. Fuggleston, St. Pet. r. with Bemerlon, v. Fovant, r. Earl of 

Pembroke. Langton-Ilcrring, r. The King. 

Coxe, G. VVilhcall, r The King. Winton, St. Michael, r 

Co\e, W. Stourton, r. Sir R. C^Hoare. London, St. Peter ad Vincula, r. 

The King. 
W. Coxe is Archdeacon of Wiltshire and Canon of Salisbury. He was travelling 
tntor to the Marquis of Blandford, Lord Cornwallis, and the late Mr. Whitbread. 
He is related to Sir John Hijipiskii Coxe and Lord Be Dunstanville. The Hippisleys 
have numerous livings in the Church. 
Cral)l)e, Geo. Trowbridge, r. witli Stnverton, c. Croxton Cerrial, v. Duke 

A very popular poet, who was Chaplain to the late Duke of Rutland, from whom 
he obtained his preferments, and whose funeral sermon he preached at Bclvoir. 


The Church. 

Crabtree, Jas. Anston, p.c. Laughton, v. with St. John, c. Chanc. of York. 
Cracroft, B. West Keal, r. R. IV. Cracroft. Elkington, S. r. Lord Glaston- 
Crage;, Jos. Withcote, r. Ouston, c. Sir J. Palmer. 
Crane, C. F. Faddington, c Bp. of London. Stockton, r. If. Marsh. 
Crawford, W. D.D. Milton, r. Rev. C. Jackson. Trottescliff, r. Bp. of 

Crawley, Ch. Flaxley, d. Stow-Nine-Churches, r. Sir T. C. 

Crawley, J. L. Heyford, Lower, r. Sir T. C Beevey. Holdenby, r. The 

Crawley, R. London, St. Marv Cole, r. with St. Mildred, Poultry, r. The 

King and Mercer's Camp", alt. Rotherfield, r. Earl of Abergavenny. 
Creswell, Ed. Lenton, v. Radford, St. Peter, v. The King. 
Crewe, W. Barthomley, r. Wartningham, r. Lord Creive. 

A relation of Lord Crewe, whose family gets about ^£8,000 a year of the public 

Crispen, A. J. Renhald, v. J. Polhill. Ravensden, v. Duke of Bedford. 
Croft, J. Hythe, c. with Saltwood, r. Cliffe at Hone, r. Jbp. of Canterbury . 
J. Croft is Prebendary of Ely. He is son-ia-law of the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and his father is a Pluralist. 

Croft, R. Hornsey and Riston, r. The King. Rowley, r. Sir R. D. Hilyard. 
Crofts, J. Berkhampstead, r. The King. Hurst, c. Sir T. E. Winnington. 

Whissonsett, r. Licumhent. Stratton Strawless, r. R. Marsham. 
Croker, T. Lowdham, v. with Pettistree, r. The King. 
Crompton, T. Litton, r. with Cranworth, r. B. G. Dillingham. 
Crook, Ch. Bath, St. Peter and 8t. Paul, v. St. Michael, r. Widcombe, c. 

Mayor and Corporation. 
Croonie, J. Bourton-on-the-Water, r. with Clapton, c. Robert Croome. 
Cross, W. Amweil, Gt. v. Amwell, Lit. c. with Hoddesdon, c. R. C. Elwes. 

Halesworth, r. with Chedeston, v. If. Pluinner. 
Crowe, H. Biilingford Pirleston, r. Buckingham, v. Thorpe parva, r. T. W. 

Crowe, W. Saxton, p. c Sir T. Gaschoigne. Alton Barnes, r. Oxon. 

Llanymynech, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Crowther, S. London, Christ-church, Newgate-street, v. with St. Leonard's, 

r. Bart. Hosp. and Dn. and Ch. of Westminster. 
Croxton, R. Wetwang, v. with Finiber, c. Preb. Kirkby-Grindilith, v. 

ALi.\s Lillingstone. 
Cullock, Thos. Mac. Bradfield, St. And. v. The King. Wormley, r. Sir 

A. Hume. 
CuUum, Jas. Thurlow, Gt. v. The King. Nacton, r. with Levington, r. 

J. Fernon. 
Gumming, J. Rungton, N. r. with Setchy, r. Cambridge. 
Cunningham, J. W. Harrow, v. Pinner, c. Lord Nor thwick. 
Cursham, T. L. Mansfield, v. Wodehouse, c. Dn. of Lincoln. 
Curteis, Thos. S. Seven Oaks, r, and v. Mr. and Mrs. Papillon. 
Curteis, Ch. Birmingham, St. Martm, r. fV. Tennant. Silihull, r. Earl of 


A relation of E. Curteis, M.P. for Sussex. Two more Carteis's are in the Church, 
with two livings. 



Curtis, Geo. W. Leominster, v. with Stoke Priors, c. Docklow, c. and 

Ivington, c. Eton College. 
A brotlier of Sir William Curtis, M P. for London, 
Curtois, P. Hamvorlh Potter, r. The King. Branston, r. P. Curtois. 
Curtois, K. Williiigliain, r. Lord Middleton. Luddington, \. Mrs. Lister. 
Curzon, F. E. Micklover, v. with Finibern, c. and Litlleover, c. Sir R. 
Uncles of Lord Curzon. Another Curzon, with one hvliig, is a relation of Lord 

Curzon, D. F. Mugginton, r. with Weston Underwood, c. Hon. Miss C. 

Cust, Henry, Hatley-Cockayne, r. Sywell, r. Paisen Mid. Tuphohn, v. 

Earl Brownlozv. 
Cust, R. Belton, r. Lord Brownloxu. Snelland, r. Lady Brozonlow. Hough, 

V. The King. 
Cust, W. Danby Wisk, r. with Yeaforth, c. Incumbent. 

H. Cust is a Canon of Windsor. Of the twelve canonries of Windsor, six are held 
by relatives of the Aristocracy The Custs are brothers of Earl Browntnw, and related 
to the Long and Bridgewater families. See Cuit, in the Key to the Lower House. 

Dade, Thos. Binconibe with Broadway, r. Cambridge. 

Dakins, W. W. London, St. Michael, Crooked-lane, r 

Uakins, W. W. LL.D. Aslieldani, v. Bp. of London. Colchester, St. 
Janies, r. The King. 

Dr. Dakins is Precentor and Canon of Westminster, and Chaplain to the Duke of 
York. He is the author oi' several Volunteer and Fast-Day Sermons. 

Dallaway, J. Slinfold, r. Bp. of Chichester. Leatherhead, v. Dn. and Ch. 

of Rochester. 
Dalton, Tiios. Carisbrooke, v. with Norwood, c. Newport, c. Oxon. 
Dalton, Thos. Issells, St. r. Warren, v. Angle, v. Chap, of St. David's. 
Datnpier, H, Thomas, Crawley, r. with Hunton, c. Bp, of Hinton. West 

Wratting, v. Dn. and Ch. of Eli/. 
Dampier, J. VVest-Meon, r. with Privett, c. Bp. ofWinton. Codford, St. 

Peter, r. H. Kcllow. Wily, r. Earl of Pembroke. Langton Matravcrs, 

r. Incumbent. Pitcombe, c. Brewsham, S. c. Sir R. C. Hoare. 
Dandridije, J. S. Kousham, r. Syreshani, r. Sir C. C. Dormer. 
Drake, John, Kelly, r. J. Kelly. Bradworthy, r. The King. 
Darnell, W. N. Stockton, v. Bp. of Durham. Lastingham, v. The King. 

Duiham, St. Mart, p. c. Dn. and Ch. of Durham 
Dashwood, H. Caster, r. with Merketshall, r. J. R. Dashivood. 
Dashwood, S. F. Sutlon-Bonnington, St. Ann, r. The King. Stanford-on- 

Soarc, r. C. F. Dashivood. 
Daubeny, E. A. Hampnelt, r. with Stowell, r. Lord Stoiuell. 
Davenport; J. D.D. Slratloid-on-Avon, v. whh Holy Cross, c. Weston-on- 

Avon, c. Duke of Dorset. 
Davenport, John, Tilliby, c. with Cropwell, c. If^. Chaivorth. Radcliffe, v. 

C. Pierrcpoint. Slid lord, c. Earl of Chcsterfuid. 
Davenport, W. Capesthorne, c. Sitldington, p. c. D. Davenport. Oxhill, 

r. Ellaston, v. Mrs. Price. 

Relation* of D. Davenport, M P. for Cheshire. 


Davers, Robert, Bradfield St. George, r. Earl of Bristol. Welnethan Lit- 
tle, r. and St Clare Rougham, r. Sir C. Davers. 

Davey, Wm. Babingley, r. with Sandrihgham, r. H. Henley. 

Davie, C, Heaiiton, r. F.Bossett. Buckland Brewer witli Putford, East, 
c. Bulkworthy, c. The King. 

Davies, D. Bayvill, v. The King. Martlethwy, v. Moylgrove, c. C. ./. 

Davies, David, Farley Wallop, r. with Chiddesden, r. Earl of Portsmouth. 
Llanvernach, r. Bury, v. The King. Pennell, p. c. Bp. of Bangor. 
Penrhydd, r. The King. 

Davies, Ed. Llanbedr Paincastle, c. Precentor. Llanvairy Glwyn, r. Bp. 
of St. David's. Bishopston, r. Bp. of Landajf. 

Davies, Evan, Dorchester, All Saints, r. Corporation. Llanvrechva, c. 

Davies, H. Tarrington, v. Stoke Edith, r. with Westhide, c. E. T. Foley. 
Ponttaen, r. Bp. of St. David's. 

Davies, J. Worcester, St. Clem, r. Dn. and Ch. of Worcester. Glooston, 
r. Earl of Cardigan. Llanrhidean, v. Geo. Morgan. Coventry, Tri- 
nity, V. The King. St. Niciio!as-at-Wade, v. Abp. of Cant. Staun- 
ton Wy vill, r. Earl of Cardigan. Llandewy, v. Bp. of St. David's. 
Llanydloes, r. Bp. of Bangor. Longworth, r. with Charney, c. Oxon. 

Davies, R. Erith, v. F. B. Dashwood. Horseley, v. Bp. of Gloucester. 
Leicester, St. Nich, v. The King. Gressingham, g. l^ic. of Lancaster. 
Welton, V. The King. Tetbury, v. R. Clerk. Lianyarty Talylyn, r. 
■ Malton, Old, c. St. Leonard and St. Mich. c. Earl Fi'tzivil- 

liam. Tadiow, v. Camb. 

Davies, R. Malwyd, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. Towyn, v. with Penalt, c. The 
King. Llandulas, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 

Davies, T. Farndon, p. c. Earl Grosvenor. Besselsleigh, r. fT. J. Lenthall. 
Coy tiff, r. with Noultoii, c. /F. H. IV. 2uin. Llandeffel, r. Bp. of St. 
Asaph. Llandewyr, c. Bp. of St. Davids. Merther Divan, r. P. 
Birt. Llanfihangel Ystraed, v. Bp. of St. David's. Bayton, v. The 
King. Treffilan, r. Bp. of St. David's. Sherrington, r. Edmund Lam- 

Davis, F. D.D. Worcester, AH Saints, r. The King. Pendock, r. Lord 

Davis, Geo. Grayne, v. Miss Smith. Willoughby-on-the- Wolds, r. Rev. G. 
Davis. Llanerville, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 

Davis, J. Bellingham, r. Gov. of Greenw. Hospital. Cerne Abbas, r. Lord 
Rivers. Kilhampton, r. Lord Cateret. 

Davis, T. Greop, c. Fisherton Delamere, v. T. Davis. Idmin- 

ston, V. Bp. of Sarum. Istraed, v. Bp. of St. Davids. 

Davison, E. Durham, St. Nich. r. J. Tempest. Trimdon, c W. Beckwith. 
Harlington, v. Incumbent. 

Davison, F. L Chichester, St. Peter the Less, r. St. Mary's Hospital, c. 
The King. Donnington, v. Bp. of Chichester. 

Davison, Jno. Barnard Castle, c. f^ic. of Gainford. Washington, r 

Davy, C. Barking, r. Needham, Market, c Combes, r. Earl Ashburnham. 

Davy, W. Barwick in Brakes, v. Mr. and Mrs. Hoste. Stanlield, r. J. 

Davy, W. Sandringham, r. H. Henley. Tuttington, v. Bp. of Ely. 


ITie Church. 

Dawney, W. H. Ashwell, r. Lord Downe. Sessey, r. Marq. o/Doivnshire. 
Thormanby, r. Lord Doivne. 
Brother of Lord Downe the patron. 

Dawson, E, Alforcl, v. with Rigsby, c. Bp. of Lincoln. Sutton-in-Marisco, 

V. Prebendary. 
Dawson, F. Chisleliurst, r. P'olkstonc, c. Jbp. of Cant. 
Dawson, Jos. Etlmondbyers, r. Muggleswick, c. Dn. and Ch. of Durham. 
Dawson, Isaac, Saltash, r. St. Steph. v. with Newport, c. Thos. Ediuards. 
Dawson, M. Rand, r. with Fulnetby, r. H. Hudson. Farlington, c. Mar- 
ton, p. c. Abp. of York. 
Day, Geo. Ersham, r. Sir JV. IF. Baling. Barton Bendish, All Saints, r. 

Sir T. Berneij. Norwich, St. And. Eaton, v. Dn. and Ch. of Norwich. 
Day, Jer. Hethersett, r. with Cantelose, v. Camb. Seething, c. Corp. oj 

Dayrell, J. L. Stow, v. Duke of Buckingham. Lillingston Daytrell, r. 

Rev. R. Dayrell. 
Deacon, J. Carlton, r. Norwich, St. Ethelred, c. Corp. of Norwich. 
Deacon, J. R. Harmston, v. Rowston, v. S. Thorold. W addington, r. with 

Meare, c. Oxon. 
Deake, J. St. Brides, r. T. Mattheivs. Tatha, r. 7?. Jones. 
Dcaltry, W. Clapham, r. //. Forster. Skirpenbeck, r. The King. Clo- 

thall, r. Marq. of Salisbury. Ilatcliir, r. Southxvell Coll. VVatton, r. 

u4. Smith. 
This well endowed Pluralist is also Chaplain to the Bishop of Bristol, and author of 
several works in defence of Bible Societies. 

Dealtry, F. W. Helmsleyover, r. Wigginton, r. The King. 
Deane, G. H. Bentley, v. John Dcane. Wenhani, Gt. r. Incumbent. 
Deane, R. Harling, W, r. Miss Crofts. Roudham, v. R. Crofts. Knets- 

hall, r. Miss Crofts. 
Dechair, R, B. Coldred, v. Postling, v. Sibbertswould, v. Abp. of Cant. 
Decker, liios. Norwich, St. Sim. and St. Jude, r. St. Marg. r. St. Swith. 

r. Bp. of Norivich. 
Deedes, John, Lagenime, r. Earl ll^aldcgrave. Shellow Bowels, r. Wil- 

lingdale Doe, r. T. G. Bramstone. 
Deighton, W. Westfield, r. Whinburg, r. Lady Ilozvurd. 
Deianhoy, T. (Iiiston, c. East Langdon, r. Jbp. of Cant. Langdon, West, 

c. Earl Guildford. Westclilf, v. Dn. and Ch. of Cunt. 
Dennison, J. Great Hautboys, r. with Llamnias, c. Mrs. Howard. Lod- 

don, V. Bp. of Ely. 
Dering, Ch. Ed. Pluckley, r. witli Pevington, r. Abp. of Cant. Goodne- 

stone, r. Sir B. /F. Bridges. Fairstetl, r. Bp. of London. 
Devaux, 11. Stapenhili, v. with Caldwall, c. Marq. of Anglesea. 
Dewe, Jno. Bredsall, r. Calk, c Sir H. Harper. 

Dickens, Perry, Ploiighili, r. 'The King. Witiieridge, v. R. Melhuish. 
Digby, C. Chinnock, c. witli Chiunock, Mid. r. Chisleboroiigli, r. Lord 

Digby, C. Bishops Cainidle, r. Lord Dighy. Penselwood, r. Lord Ilchcs- 

Digby, Wni. Littleton, North and South, c. with OlTenhani, c. Dn. and 

Canon of Ch. Church, Oxon. Cropthorn, v. Dn. and Ch. of Woi'c 
C. Diglnj is a Canon of Windsor. There are six D(g''ys in the Church, three of 
whom are brothers of Liir</ Digbu, 


Diggle, W. Esher, r. H. J. Pije. Fifield, r. The Kmg. 
Dineley, Geo. Churchill, r. R. Berkeley. Peopleton, r. Mrs. Dineley. 
Dixon, A. Marvport, c. St. Bridgel's, c": St, John's, c. H. Senhouse. 
Dixon, G. Helmsley, v. Kirby Cold, c. C Duncombe. Kirkdale, p. c. 

Dixon, Jeremiah, Woolley, c. G. JVentworth. Preston, All Saints, v. Ahp. 

of York. 
Dixon, J. Bilsdale, c. Fie. Helmsley. Ingleby, Greenhow, c. Sir IV. 

Foulis. Hunibleton, V. with Esternwich, c. The King. Ecclesfield, c. 

Duke of Buckingham. 
Dixon, J. Burton Pidsea and Tunstall, V. /)«. «?zc/ C/<. o/ForA:. Garton- 

on-the- Wolds, The King. 
Dixon, M. Pitminster, v. F. Milner. Thornhill,r. Bildesthorpe, c. Parson 

Dixon, T. Laceby, r. J. Fandell. Eyworth, v. C. A. Pelham. Legsby, 

V. Sir H. Nelthorpe. Stainton le Hole, r. J. J. Angerstein. 
Dobree, N. P. Wigginton, r. Furtho, r. Oxon. 
Dodd, Pliil. S. Aldriugton, r. Cumh. Penshurst, r. /. S. Sydney, ht. 
Dodson, Wm. Edlington, v. The King. Well, r. with Claxby, r. F. J. B. 

Dodwell, H. Colstervvorth, r. Harlaxtoii, r. Preh. of S. Grantham. 
DodwelJ, Wm. Stoke, North and South, r. Easton, c. Preb. of S. Grantham. 
Dolignon, John, Winibish, r. Incumbent. Gooderstone, v. E. Horrejc. 
Domville, Wm. Munsley, r. T. L. Jones. Winforton, r. Hy. Hobhouse. 
Doncaster, Wm. Mormanton-on-Trent, v. .Duke of Devon. Winterbourne 

Basset, r. Oxon. 
Donne, Jas. Llanyblodwell, v. Bp. of St. Asaph. Cranborne, v. Marq. of 

Salisbury. Carlton, South, p. c. Lord Monson. 
Doughty, G. C. Hoxne, v. Denham, v. T. Maynard. Martlesham, r. Mr. 

Douglas, Chas. Rippingale, r. Sir G. Heathcnte. Laxton^ v. Earl Man- 

Dowdeswell, Ed. Chas. Stanford Kivers, r. Langham, r. The King. 

A Canon of Christ Church, and brother of J. E. Dowdeswdl, M.P. for Tewkesbury. 
Dowland, G. J.J. Turnworth, v. Bp. of Sarum. Winterbourne, Clenstone, 

r. E. M. Plcydell. 
Downes, W. H. Melchburn, v. Lord St. John. Thorpe Salvin, c. Wales, 

p. c. Chanc. of York. 
Dowsing, H. Aldby, r. North Barsham, r. Earl Orford. Hindringham, v. 

Dn. and Ch. of Norivich. 
D'Oyly, Geo. Lambeth, r. with Stockwell, c. Sundridge, r. Abp. of Cant. 
Chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Christian Advotate in the Univer- 
sity of Carabridge. 

Drake, J. D.D. Amersham, r. W. Drake. Deptford, St. Nicholas, v. 

T. D. Tynvhit. 
Drake, T. Hackford, r. G. H. Holley. Keswick, r. with Intwood, r. 

Mr. Drake. 
Drake, Wni. F. Norwich, St. Stephen, r. Stoke Cruel?, v. — Armering- 

hall, c. Dn. and Ch. of Norivich. 
Drake, W. W. Harthill, p. c. F. T. Drake. Malpas, p. c. with Wliitwell, 

c. and Chadd, St. c. Sir C. Morgan. 


Tht Church. 

Dreyer, R. Wonghton, r. IT. Troulbech. Thwayte, St. Marv, r. Duke 

of Norfolk. 
Driffield, VV. W. Erwarton, r. Lcidij M. Cheduorth. Southchurcli, r. 

Abp. of Cant. 
Drury, Geo. Akeiiliam, r. with Ciayclon, r. Parson Drury. Whitton, r. 

with Thiirlton, r. Bp. of Ely. 
Drury, M. Caldccot, r. Ed worth, r. IV. Hale. 
Duck, D. Daiiby, c. Lord Downe. Marlon, v. Westerdale, c. Abn. of 

Cant. ^ 

Dudley, Sir Henry Bate, bt. Willingham, r. Bp. of Ely. Bradwell, r. 

T. Ilamersley. 
Prebendary of Ely. The liistory of this reverend person is more diversified than 
the usual run of Pliiralists. He is the son of the late Parson Bate, of Worcester, 
was educated at Queen's College, Oxford, and obtained, at an early age, the living 
of North Farnbridge, I^ssex, and the curacy of Leatherhead, Surrey. About 1775 
he became concerned in the Morning Post newspaper, which he afterwards quitted, and 
was the original lounder of the Morning Herald, of which paper till lately he was sole 
proprietor. In 1781 he purchased the advowson of the living of Bradwell, and ex- 
pended nearly ^30,()()() in embanking and reclaiming land Irom ihe sea. In 180.5 he 
was preferred lo the valuable appointment of Chancellor of Ferns, with the rectory 
of Kilcoran annexed; and in 1812 was created a Baronet. He took the name of 
Dudley in compliance with tlie will of a friend <vho left him an estate, and about 1780 
married a Miss White. Notwithstanding Sir H. being in Holy Orders, he was in 
early life engaged in several duels, particularly with Mr. Bowles, the husband of the 
Countess Strathmore, G. R. Fitzsjerald, and M. de Morande, a confidential friend of 
the hermaphrodite, Chevalier DEon. The last time we heard of the Baronet was ia 
Cobbelt's Regi'iter, where ii was slated he had been heading a party of dragoons, to 
quell the rioters of Ely. Sir H. is also an author ; and, among other curious works, 
has published the Blackaniore Washed White, the Flitch of Bacon, the Magic Lan- 
tern, the Dramatic Puffers, the Woodman, &ic. 

Dudley, J. Humberstone, v. Incumbent. Silel)v, v. ff^. Pochin. 

Dudley, Win. Aldridge, v. Barr, Gt. v. Joseph Scott, bt. 

Diikenlield, Ii. R. Reading, St. Giles, r. Tlie King. Waltham, Law- 
rence, V 

Duncombe, J. Dore Abbey, r. Duke of Norfolk. Mansel Lacy, v. T, 

Duiidas, T. L. Ilarpole, r. Earl Fitzwilliam. Keyston, r. Dundas. 
Brother of Lord Dundas, and brother-in-law of Lord Milton. 

Dunn, J. Melton Parv. v. Preston, St. Mary, v. Camb. 

Dunne, Chas. Earl's Croome, r. M. Dunn. Eldersfield, v. Mr. Lech- 

Duprce, J. Mentmore, v. R. B. Harcourt. Toynton, All Saints, v. Lady 

Durell, D. Crowiiiarsh-Gilf. r. C. Turner. Mougewell, r. Bp. of Durham. 

Dyer, C Wm. Roothing Abbots, r. Thos. Dyer. Roothing Leaden, r. 
The King. 

Dyer, Nich. Allen, St. r. Bp. of Exon. Swimbridge, c. Dn. of Eton. 

Dymoke, J. Haltiiam, r. with Roughton, r. L. Dymoke. Wilkesby, r. 
C. Dymoke. Brinkhill, r. Mr. and Mrs. Buck'ivorth. 

Dyson, li. Baughurst, r. Bp. of Winton. \Ve.\ham, r. The King, 

Eade, P. Cotton, r. Incumbent. Stowe Beadon, v. Rev. J. Eade. 

Earl, Nich. Swerford, r. with Showell, c. T. Earl. 


'The Church. 

Earie, Edward, High Ongar, r. Incumbent. Laver, Lit. r. R. Palmer. 
Easton, Thos. Grantham, North, with Gunnerby, Gt. v. and Lowdon- 

thorpe, Prebendary. 
Easton, Wm. Eldon, r. W. Hussey. Mount Sorrel, c. Fie. of Barrow. 
Eaton, P. Ever>,den, Gt. r. The King. Eversden, Little, v. Caiab. 
Eddowes, W. Bradley-in-the -Moors, p.c. W. Holmes. Caverswell, v. 

R. Parker. 
Eddv, J. Didbiook, v. with Pinnock, v. Hayles, c. Toddington, v. with 

'Stanley Pont, Large, c. Lord Tracey. Whaddon, r. W. Long. 
Eden, J. Bristol, St. Nich. v.— St. Leonard, v. Dn. and Ch. of Bristol. 
Eden, Wm. Beaksbourne, v. Harbledown, r. Abp. of Cant. 

Brother of Lord Auckland, and brother-in-law of the (Jhancellor of the Exchequer. 
His uncle Richardson is a Pluralist, and Chancellor of St. Paul's. The Moons are 
cousins, and have numerous livings and sinecures. 

Edgar, J. Falkenham, Gt. v. Kirton, r. Spexhall, r. The King. 
Edgar, Miles G. Ipswich, St. Nicholas, c. Parishioners. Trimley, St. 

Mary, r. The King. 
Edge, J. Webb, Bilborough, r. Strolley, r. T. Webb Edge. Sherbourne, 

p.c. Brox^ow, c. Incumbent. 
Edgell, E. West Allington, v. with Marlborough, c. South Huish, c. and 

Milton, South, c. Dn. and Ch. of Exon. 
Edison, Geo. Thos. Ramsden Bellhouse, r. with Harfordstock, r. J. 

Edmondson, W. Elsham, v. W. Thompson. Cadney, v. Lord Yarboro\ 
Edwards, A. Bodney, r. with Great Cressingham, r. The King. 
Edwards, E. Pedworth, v. Marq. of Salisbury. Olford Cluny, r. Bp. of 

Edwards, Edw. Huntingdon, All Saints, r. St. John, r. The King. Lynn, 

Ednumd, r. S. Thornton. 
Edwards, H. Llanrwst, r. with Capel Garmon, c. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Edwards, John, Gileston, r. Incumbent. Berry Pomeroy, r. Duke of So- 
Edwards, J. Ferriby, r. Bp. of Lincoln. Llandevodwg, v. R. F. Tuber- 

Edwards, P. Berry Narborum, r. Neath, r. with Llandwith, c. and Re- 

solven, c. T. Edwards. 
Edwards, W. Letterston, r. The King. Uzmarton, p. c. Llangolman, c. 

Chap, of St. David's. 
Egerton, F. H. Middle, r. Whitchurch, r. with Tilstock, c. Earl of Bridge- 


A prebendary of Durham worth at least </2000 a year. He is the son of a late 
Bishop of Durham, and brother and heir apparent to the Earl of Bridgewater. His 
niece is wife of Charles Long, Joint Paymaster of the Forces and Pensioner, and whose 
wife is to have a pension alter his death, and whose brothers have six Church livings j 
the Pluralist lives at Paris, and the immense income to which he is heir is said to 
amount to one thousand pounds a day ! 

Egerton, P. Mai pas, r. Mrs Egerton. Tarporley, r. Sir J. G. Egerton. 
Egremont, G. Crowle, v. with East Toft, c. Mrs. Egremont. Welton, St. 

Martin, r. The King. 
Ekins, G. Chiddingford, r. with Haslemere, c. Dn. and Ch. of Sarum. 
Ekins, F. Morpeth, r wilh Uigham, c. Earl of Carlisle. 



The Ckurck. 

EMridge, F. Newcastle, v. with Bettws, c, and Llalestin, c. Sir H. Mack- 

Elford, W. Lowe Trenchard, r. Ar. Tremairne. Petherwiii, North, v. D. 

of Bedford. 
Ella, J. G. Wooton, St. Martin, r. Miss Stevens. Higham Gobion, r. B. 

Ellerton, Edw. D.D. Coulton, c Lando-^ners. Horsepath, c. Oion. 
Ellicombe, W. R. Aiphington, r. Mrs. EUicombe. Clist, St. George, r. 

J. Black-hall. 
Eilicott, John, Exton, v. with Brafield, v. Lavcndon, v. Sir G. N. Noel. 
Ellicott, William, Mablethorpe, r. with Stane, r. If'm. Draper. 
Elliott, L. \V. Shiplon 01it!e, r. Shipton Sollars, r. The King. 
Elliott, Robt. Huggaie, r. The King. Wheldrake, r. ./4bp. of York. 
Ellis, F. Long Compton, v. Eton College. Shaldestone, r. G. P. Jcrvoice. 

Rockland, St. Mapk-, r. Isaac Milner. 
Ellis, J. Sibley, v. The King. Leadenham, r. 5". Foster. 
Ellis, John, Llanelian, v. Llangiundemell, v. Bp. of St. David's. Llanba- 

drig, V. and Strensall, v. The King. Llankerrig y Druidion, r. Bp. of' 

St. David's. London, St. Martin Outwich, Bishopsgate, r. Osbald- 

wick, V. Merc. Taylor's Comp. Stren^ll, v. Prebenaury. 
Ellis, T. Little Compton, c. Gt. Milton, v. Oion. 

Ellis, Thos. D.D. Llantachracth, r. with Llanynghencale, c. Bp. of Bangor. 
Ellis, W. Thames Ditton, d. Moulsey, East, p.c. i^'. Atteru:ick. Walton, 

r. The King. 
Ellison, Robt. Slaugham, r Mrs. Sergisnn. Southease, r. Hy. Chatfield. 
Elliston, T. Haddiscoe, r. Monks Tott, r. Cnmb. 
Elwin, Caleb, Bayheld. r. H. Jndrell. Ringstead, r. Parson Styleman. 

Melton Constable with Little Burgh, r. SirJ.Atey. Booton, r. Mr. 

Elwin, Robert F. Harsgham, r. with Wilby, r. T. Beevor. 
Emeris, J. Stoushton, r~.Oion. Alvingham, p. c. with Cockerington, North, 

c. Bp. of Lincoln. 
England, \ en. W. Ower Moigne, r. Winterboume, St. Germain 

and Came, r. Lady Darner. Stafford, West, v. Mrs. Hager. 

Ethelston, Ch. W. Cbeetbara, c. Rev. C. /*'. Ethelston. Worthenbury, r. 

Jn. Shre/uU. 
Evans, A. B. Barnwood, v. Coin Rogers, r. Dn. and Ch. of Gloucester. 
Evans B. Southclmham, St. Margaret, r. St. Peter, r. Alex. Adair. 
Evans, D. Cl>ddey, r. Bp. of St. David's. Uangan, v. Preb. Llanstinan, 

c. ff\ Ki'wT. 
Evan*, David, Headcom, v. Abp. of Cant. Jordanston, r. G. G. f'augkan. 

Ilted, p. c. r. Payne. Ruyton Eleven Towns, v. The King. 
Evans, D. Simonbourn, r. Green-xich Ho.sp. Dvmock, v. Incumbent. 
Evans, E. Eriswell, r. T. B. Evans. Eccles, r. Sir J. Lambe. Hill Mor- 
ton, v. C. yascombe. Shawell, r. Sidestrand, r. The King. 
Evans, J. Peterstone, p. c Pennarth Sl Austin, v. with Leavemos, t. if. 

Evans, J. W. Bassingthorpe, v. with Welbv, r. Sir ff\ Manners. 
Evans, L. Froxfield, v. Dn. and Canon of Windsor. Llanhhangel Genar^ 

givn, v. Llanfihangel Gelindrod, v. Bp. oj St. David's. 
Evans,' .\I. Llangelbr, v. Llanfihangel Penbrin, v. with Br>-ngwn, c. Bp, of 

St. D<ivid'5. 


Tilt ChMTcri. 

Evans, B. '' . ■ Edzvard Lloyd. ■Rosdre, r. Bp. of Si. Dor id's, 

Evans, E. 1 iwr, t. Bv. of Si. Darift. Ev-en-oa, v. Dmie of 

Der-'G- i.r.Bp.rfSarum. 

Evans, T. i>i^--: iUg^ix^i,, I'vUh Dinningtoij, c. aod ChBlingtan. c. Eari P^ovh 

Eram, W. Lo-sreston, t. Lord Cazpdor. Wigmore, t. with LeBlhEll Starks, 

c. Bp. of Hereford. 
EveJeigh, W. Avlesford, t. LambeAnrst, r. Dn. amd Ch. qf Bochester. 
Everard, Dan. Bamhsm Tboipe, r. Lord Walpole. Stanhoe, r. Mr. and 

Mrs. Hosit. 
Evsbank, And. Burgli'waliis, r, Geo- Eiiihank. LondesbroDgb. v. Du. of 

E-wbank, J. NaSerton, v. Ahp. of Tori:. Thornton Steward, v. Bp. of 

Eyre, Charles Wolfi; Hooton Boberts, r. Earl Fitz-xiUiam.. KBowki 

PercT, T Pocklington, t. -srith Yap ham, c. Dn. of York. 
Eyre. John, Apesthorpe, t, Preb. of York. Babworth, r. Hon. J. Simpson. 

Head on, t. Jf r«. Eyre. Barton in Fabis, t- Ahp. of York. 
Eyre, W. Hillesdon, c. Otou. Padbnry, t. The King. 

J. Eyre, -whose dEiienter manied z nephew of Lord M^■<^^lfj^^n^l, jt Arcbdeacon of 
X(«6noiiaH>, Canon of York, and PrebeiMiaiy of Sontinreli 
Eyton, J. Wellington, v- Ejirai-on-WDdmore, r. T. Eyion. 

X.B. Two notes hare beeai inadTertenilj oantted Buder tids letter, at page 264 : 
J. I- EiSfia is an nacje of Lord MiBtfi, a Penaooer of a£l3<-'0 a jear, and -whoBe 
father wai a Pensioner to the same amonai. The Pluralist lis a son a Captain in the 
Xarj. and another a Writer set BomhaT. C EihelEioa^ we ouifbt to have oh^rred, 
16 a Fellow of Manchester College, oat of tte Parum. Jiatica who dHected the 
memarahie ontrage of the 16tb of Ac^sl. 

Faber, Tbcas. Calverley, v. The King. Bramley, c. Fie. of Leeds. 
FeJlhfnll. G. D. Easttrell, r. G. F. Haiion. Hatfield Bishc^ r. Marq. qf 

Salisbury. », 

FaiKhaw, CI. R. Mortcai, t. Mrt. Lt Gryt. Moi^-cb, r. Marq. qf Toz^n*- 

hend. Fa-n ley, r. Mr. Freeman- 
Farisb, W. Cambri'dge, SL Giles, v. — St. Peter, c. Bp. irf Eig. 
Fanner, T. Aspley Guise, r. Duke of' Bedford. Chxrbury, t. Corporation 

(f Shrezishury. 
Farrer, J. L. Critfield, v. with Laxneld, r. Lord Huntingf^ld. 
Farrer, R. Ashley, r. Parton Farrer. Fawesley, t. Sir C. Kuightley. 
Faujder, Jos. Bu'daam, East and We?t, r. Marq'. qf TozL'nsJi^nd. 
Fawceti, E. Cockennouth, c. Earl Lonsdale. Hardro-w, c. £. Wortley. 
Fawcett, Jas. Great Snoring -Brith Thursford, r. Camh. 
Fawcetl, T. Aynho, r. W. R. Cartziright. Greens Norton, r. with Silver- 
ton, c. Tl.e King. 
Fawsett, W. Castle Rising, r. with Roydon, r. Rd. Hotvard. 
Fell, T. Cotton, Sheepy, Great and Little, r. with Balclifie, c. Messrs. 

Wolfreston and Lant. 
FeUo-sres, J. Easton, r. Sbottesham, r. and v. E. R. Fello'SKS. 
FentOTi, J. Doddington, r- with Whi*y, c. Lord Delaval. 
Fenwjck, C- F. Streat, r. with Walton, c. Marq. oj Bath. 
Fenwick, John Thos. Northfjeld, r. with Crofion Hackett, c. Geo. Fensvick. 
Ferrers, E. Cheriton, r. with Kilmerston, c. and Tichbcme, c. Wtou^iIod, 
r. Bp. (if Winton. 



The Church. 

Field, R. MeiuUesham, v. Ftarsoii and Wyalt. Sutton All Saints, v. Oxon. 
Fielding, Allen, Hackington, v. Stodmarsh, c. Archd. of Cant. 
Fielding, H. Crundale, r. Sir J. Uilmcr. Blean, v. East-bridge Hasp. 
Filewood, Jas. StilTord, r. M. Hogarth. Iledingham, r. C. Stovin. 
Finch, E. Meriden, v. Bedwortli, r. Earl Aylesjord. 
Finch, Hencage, Oakliani, r. with Edgton, c. Langham, c. Barleythorpe, c. 

and Brooke, c Earl of IVinclulsca. 
Finch, H. Shelfoid, Gt. v.— Lit. r. 1!^. F. Finch. Burleigh, v. Earl of 

IVinchelsea. Stanton, [-ong, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Finch, Thos. Barrington, v. Camb. Hauxton, Newton, v. with Newton, 

St. Mary, c. Da. and Ch. of Ely. 
Tlicre are four more Finches with valuable livings. Tiiey are relations of Loni 
Aylesford, aud the Earl of Winchdsea, the patron. Hcneage B'inch, a brother of the 
Earl of Aylesford, besides his five livings, is a King's Chaplain. His uncle, D. Finch, 
is Rector of a King's living, and Prebendary of Gloucester. Another uncle is Rector 
of Harpsden. Numerous Finches are in the Army, Revenue Depaituient, tlie King's 
Household, and on the Pension-List. 

Fisher, Ch. Ovington, r. Tilbury, r. Jno. Fisher- 

Fisher, J. Higham, r. Caldecot, r. T. Fishtr. 

Fisher, J. Osmington, v. Bp. of Suriun. Holcott, r. F. Alontgoinery. 

Fisher, John, Dodford, v. R. Andrews. Guyhern, c. /7c. of (f^isbeach. 

Gillingham, v. with Motcouibe, Stour, E.and \\'. c. Bp. of Sarum. 
Fisher, Jon. P. Faringdon, r. Rockbear, v. Bp. of Exon. 
Fisher, P. Elton, r. Mess. Shafto and Hogg. Whapload, v. The King. 

Stoke Canon, d. Da. and Ch. of Exon. 
Fisher, Robert B. Bassildon, v. with Ashampstcad, c. Jno. Hopki7is. 
Fisher, Thomas, Idlicot, r. T. Fisher. Roach, St. r. /. King. 

Nine more Fishers with one benifice each. They are all, we suspect, relations of 
the IMsliop of Salisbury, and arc an instance of that monopoly wliicli is the disgrace 
of the Establishment. The Bishop was Preceptor to (he Princess Charlotte of Wales 
and the Duke of Kent. Having c'jtained a Prebend of Windsor and the Archdea- 
conry of Exeter, he was, in 1803, promoted to that See; and, in 1808, translated 
to Salisbury. He is Chancellor of the Order of the Garter and Precentor of Cmter- 
bury. His patronage is forty Livings and liiirty-five Prebends, from which fund he 
has made a comfortable provision for his family. J. Fisher is Prebendary and Arch- 
deacon of Salisbury. P. Fisher, beside his three Livings, lias a Prebend at Norwich, 
and another at Salisbury, and is Head Blaster at the Charterhouse. This man is 
really insatiable. His salary at the Charter-house is ^800 a year, with a house, 
candles, vegetables, and an allowance for linen. He had a ne]ihew lately on the 
foundation, and two sons exhibitioners at the Universities, with allowances of ^'80 
a year from the Charity. The total value of his various preferments must be upwards 
of ^3000 a year. 

Fiske, R. Elnulon. v. Fulborn, v. and r. Wendon Lowth, d. J. IFilkes. 
Fiske, T. Sliiin))linglluMiu', r. Kettlebaston, r. Incumbent. 
Fitzroy, Lord Henry liarnhani, r. with Euston, r. Fakenham, Lit. r. T)ukc 
of Grafton, 'i'oppsfield, r. The King. 

Brother of the Duke of Oni/hni and Prebendary of Westminster. The Duke has 
Pensions out of the Excise and Post Ollice to the amount of ^^10,000 a year, anti 

Flamstead, R. D. Latnbley, r. R. D. Flamstead. RaddilTe-on-Soarc, v. 

Cliilbaston, v. Lord Curzon. 
Flavell, J. W. Ilnnwortii, r. with Stody, r. If. IJarb rd. 


The Church. 

Fleet, Cr. Bryanstone, r. Durweston, r. H. W. Portman, 

Fleet, E. Tarrant Monks, v. with Hanford, c. and Lauuceston Tarrant, c. 

The King. 
Fleming, John, Bootle, r. Earl Lonsdale. Troutbeck, c. Chapelry. 
Fletcher, Jas. Penrith, v. Bp. of Carlisle. Barton High, v. Earl Lonsdale. 
Fletcher, John R. Qiiethiock, v. Bp. of Exon. Ashford, v. The King. 

Bradlield, c. Fie. of Ecclesfield. Yarnecomb, v. The King. 
Fletcher, W. Bromfiekl, v. Dalston, v. Bp. of Carlisle. 
Fly, Henry, U.D. London, St. Trinity, Minories, c. The King. Willes- 

don, V. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. 

Confessor of the King's Household, Priest iii Ordinary to the King, Sub-Dean and 
Minor Canon of St. Paul's. 

Foley, T. B. Old Swinford, r. Lord Foley. Trissull, v. Womborn, v. Hon. 

E. and Lady Foley. 
Foley, J. Holt, r. with Lit. Witley, c. Llanglodwin, r. Maenchlochogg, v. 

Lord Foley. 
Foley, W. Claverdon, v. with Norton Linsey, c. Archd. of Worcester, 

Witley, Great, r. Lord Foley. 
Fonnereau, Ch. Wm. Ipswich, St. Marg. c. Tuddenham, v. IV. Fonnereau. 

Clapton, r. W. P. Willia?ns. 
Foord, H. Foxholes, r. Mrs. Sykes. Seamer, v. with Ayton, East, c. W. 

J. Denison. 
Foottit, J. Brigsley, r. West Ravendale, c. Upton, St. Peter's, v. Southwell 

Forby, Robert, Fincham, St. Mart. v. and St. Mich. r. The King and Mr, 

Forby, alt. Horningtoft, r. Sir J. Berney. 
Ford, J. Canterbury, St. George, r. — St. Mary Mag. r. Dn. and Ch. of 

Cant. Hill Farrance, c 

Ford, Rd. Wm. South Cerney, v. Miss Moore. Rissington, r. The King, 

Stowerpaine, v. Dn. and Ch. ofSarum. 
Forrest, R. Helperthorpe, v. Weatherthorpe, v. Upper Poppleton, c. West 

Lutton, c. York, St. Mary, New, v. Dn. and Ch. of York. 
Forster, J. Tunstead, v. with Ruston, S. c. J. C. Clarke. Sandal Kirk, r. 

The King. Rytht-r, r. The King. 
Forster, N. Mersey, East, r. and West, v. The King. 
Forster, W. South Pool, r. B. Hayes. Plymstock, c. Dn. and Cns. of 

Windsor. Clewer, r. Eton College. 
Forster, Wm. Ayston, r. Thistleton, r. G. B. Brudenell. 
Fortescue, George, St. Mellion, r. Pinnock, r. J. Coryton. 

Son-in-law of Sir T. D. Acland, M.P. and brother-in-law of Wodehouse, Deaa of 

Forward, E. C. Combpyne, r. M. Edwards. Lyniington, r. Incmnbent. 
Foster, A. Kingston, v. with Cotheleston, c. Dn. and Ch. of Bristol. 
Foster, Geo. Iliff, Breedon, v. with Staunton Harold, c. Ratby with Groby, 

V. Earl Stainford. 
Foster, J. Wickersley, r. Miss Reeve. Tosset, c. Parson Knotules. 
Foster, Thos, Hornfield, r. Earl of Gainsborough. Tinwell, r. Marq. of 

Fothergili, Jas. Gainsborough, v. Annexed to Preb. of Cornngham. Dal- 

ton Le Dale, v. Dn. and Ch. of Durham. 


The Church. 

Foiile, Fulw. W. Allington, r. Earl Craven. Amesbury, p. c. Dn. and 

Cns. of IV incisor. 
Foiilkes, H. Clynnog, r. Llandissil, r. Oxoii. Yelford, r. IK J. Lenthall. 
Foulkes, J. Crostwick, r. Bp. of Norwich. Sutton, St. Michael, r. Bn. 

and Ch. of Bristol. Flitcluim, p. c. Sir T. L. Estrange. 
Fowle, F. C. Elkstone, r. Earl Craven. Kintbury, v. Parson Craven. 
Fowle, T. H. Ottrington, North, v. witli Tliornton-le-Street, r. Oxon. 
Fowler, B. F. Asterby, r. Lady Southwell. Scamblesby, p. c. Preb. of 

Me I ton Ross. 
Fowler, Ch. Eaton, v. Preb. of Eaton. Rolleston, v, Woodborongh, p. c. 

Morton, p. c. Southwell College. 
Fowler, H. B Elmstone Hardvvick, v. The King. Treddington, c. Bp. of 

Gloucester. Uttoxeter, v. Dn. and Cns. of fTindsor. 
Fox, T. Hatfield, v.— St. Laurence, c. Sir H. Hetherington. 
Foxley, T. Atherton, c. R. F. Atherton. Batley, v. Ratclifte, r. Lord de 

Foxton, Geo. Queneboroiigh, v. with Ragdale, c. E. L. Loveden. 
Foxton, Geo. Newton, r. Tyrwhit Smith. Twining, v. Oxon. 
Foyle, E. Chilcome, r. Parson Boyles. Kimpton, r. G. Foyle. 
France, J. Brandon, Lit. r. F. Berney. Buckeniiam, St. Martin, c. The 

Francis, B. Edglield, r. J. Marcon. Melford, Long, r. G. J. Leero. 
Francis, C. Mildcnhall, v. Mrs. Pocock. Collingburn Ducis, r. £ar/ of 

Francis, Jno. Canterbury, All Saints, r. — St. Mary Cast, r. — St. Mildred, r. 

The. King. 
Francis, J. Banstead, v. J. Francis. Orgarswick, r. Willesborough, v. Dn. 

and Ch. of Cunt. 
Francis, J. P. Canterbury, Holy Cross, v. — St. Peter, r. Thomas Pozvis. 

Newenden, r. Abp. of Cant. 
Frank, Ed. Alderton, r. Incumbent. Hardwick, r. with Shelton, r. The 

Frankland, Roger, Dulverton and Yarlington, r. Dn. and Ch. of IVells. 
Franklin, F. Attleboroiigh, Maj. and Min. r. Rev. R. Houghton. Watton, 

V. /. C. Houghton. 
Frederick, C. Scolton, r. with East Ferry, c Sir J. Frederick. 
Freeman, Henry, Alwalton, r. Dn. and Ch. of Peterborough. Evcrton, v, 

Freke, T. Down, St. Mary, r. Parson Coffin. South Tawton, v. with 

South Zeal, c. Dn. and Cns. of IVindsor. 
French, R. N. Osmaston, c. Weston-on-Trent, r. Sir Rt. Wilmot. 
Frere, T. Fenningiiam, r. Uoydon, r. J. Frcrc. 
Fretwell, J. Railliby, r. VVjnceby, r. Covenhani, St. Barth. r. Hallington, 

V. with Maltby, c. The King. 
Frewen, E. D.D. Frating, r. with Thorington, r. Camb. 
Fronie, G. Piincknowlc, r. Incufnbent. J'oller Fratorum, v. with Winford 

Eagle, c. Little Chiney, r. F. J. Brown, 
Froude, J. Knowstone, v. Airs. Fmude. Marland, c. Mrs, Darner. 
Froude, K. H. Darlington, r. E. of Darlington. Denbury, r. Du. of Bedford. 
Frowd, I. Bishop's Castle, V. Shrawardine, r Earl Powis. 
Fryer, W. Cam. v. Slinchcombe, c. Bp. of Gloucester. Whcatenhurst, c. 

Tom Moore. 



The Church. 

Fiilham, E. Guildford, St. Nich. r. Dean of Sarum. Peniton Mewsey, r. 

Fuller, Robt. Fitz. Crowhurst, c. Geo. Ruck. Lingfield, c. Rt. Ludbroke. 

Fuller, T. Chalvington, r. J. T. Fuller. Hooe, v. G. F. JVebstcr. 

Furey, Joah, Fordingbridge, v. with Ibsley, c. Camb. 

Fynes, Ch. D.C.L. Cromwell, r. Duke of Newcastle. London, St. Mar- 
garet, r. Bp. of London. 

Prebendary of Westminster, and cousin to the Duke of Newcastle. Author of a 
Loyal Sermon to the Volunteers of St. Margaret, on the consecration of their colours. 
Gabbitas, W. Oviiig, v. Rodinell, r. Precentor of Chichester. 
Gale, H. Eskrick, r. Mr. Gale. Hawkswell, r. Mr. and Mrs. Gale. Sca- 

nier, c. General Corey. 
Gale, J. Angersleigh, r. Incumbent. Otterford, c. R. Buncombe. 
Gaiiibier, J. E. Langley, r. Mrs. Bouverie. London, St. Mary-le-Strand, 

r. The King. 
Gamlen, S. Croxdale, p. c Heighington, v. Dn. and Ch. of Durham. 
Gandv, John, Plymoutli, St. Andrew, v. with Bridock, c. and Pancrass, c. 

Sampford Spiney, c. Weston Peverell, c. Stonehouse, c Mayor and 

Gandy, S. W. Kina;ston-on-Thanies, v. with Richmond, v. Camb. Bu- 

deaux, St. c. Chaptlry. 
Gape, J. C. St. Alban'n, St. Michael, v. Lord Grimston. "Redbnrn, v. Lord 

Garbett, Jas. Marden, v. with Wisteston, c. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. 
Garden, Edmund, Kington, v. IV. T. L. P. Wellesley. London, St. Bo- 

tolph, Aldersgate, d. Dn. and Ch. of Westminster. ; 

Gardiner, F. Coombe Hay, r. J. Leigh. Wellow, v. E. Gardiner. 
Gardiner, J. Brailsfoid, r. with Osmaston, St. Martin, c. Earl Ferrers. 
Gardiner, L. Birmingham, St. Philip, r. The King. Clive, c Mayor 

and Schoolmaster of Shrewsbury. Condover with Longnor, c. E. IV. 

S. Owen. 
Gardner, P. Gimmingham and Trunch, r. Camb. 
Gardner, Thos. Brooksby, r. G. IVright. Wijlen, v. Dr. Bushy. 
Garnier, Thos. Bishop's Stoke, r. Brightwell, r. Bp. of Winton. 

The patronage of the Church is an excellent resource for forming comfortable mar- 
riage-settlements. A son of the Pluralist married a daughter of the late Bishop of 
Winchester, and was portioned off with the Rectory of Droxford, a Prebend of Win- 
chester, and the Mastership of St. Cross's Hospital, which has great patronage. A 
daughter married the second son of Lord Within ghum, who is Archdeacon of Surrey, 
Prebendary of Winchester, Rector of Colbourne, and King's Chaplain. A son of 
this last man is Prebendary of Winchester, and Rector of Alvcrstoke and of Havant. 
The Nortlis, whom see, are relations to the former Bishop of Winchester, and have 
more than thirty livings shared among them. 

Garrow, David William, Barnet, East, r. and c. Streatley, v. The King. 

Son of Judge Garrow. He was presented to the Rectory of East Barnet by the 
Lord Chancellor, in 181.5. 

Gaskin, Geo. London, St. Benedict, Gracechurch-st. r. — St. Leonard, 
Eastcheap, r. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. Stoke-Newington, r. Prcb. 
(f Stoke-Neivington. 
Lecturer of Islington, and author of a Jubilee Sermon in 1809. 


The Church. 

Gaskin, W. Wreay, c. Dn. and Ch. of Carlisle. Walton, c. Mrs. Dacre. 

Gatehouse, R. North Cheriton, r. His IFifc. Stoke Charity, r. Oxon. 

GallilT, J. Manchester, St. Mary, r. — St. J.unes, c. Manchester College. 
Didsbury, c. Rev. H. Broivn. 

Gaiintlett, If. Cricklade, St. Samps, v. Dn. and Ch. of Sarum. Long- 
stock, c. Sir C. Mill. Olney, v. Earl Dartmouth. 

Gauntlett, S. Colernc, r. and v. Sinecure. Portsea, v. Winchester Col- 
lege. Clatford, p.c. Eton College. 

Gibbons, J. Collington, r, Tliornbury, r. D. J. Pitts. Harley, r. ami 
Kenley, c. Sir IF. Pultencij. 

Gibbs, L. Brockdish, r. S. Gibbs. Cain!)y, r. L. Monk. 

(ribson, J. G. St. David, r. Lanthewy Skirrid, r. /. IVilinot. 

Gibson, Wni. Colney, r. E. Knight. Gilston, r. Bp. of London. Wick- 
iiani, St. Paul's, r. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. 

Gilbanks, G. Denton Over, c. Farlam, c. Lanercost, c. Earl Carlisle. 

Giibanks, J. C. Aspatria, v. Bp. of Carlisle. Culgarth, c. R. Price. 
Haile, c. Earl Lonsdale. 

Gilbv, J. Barniston, r. with Ulrome, v. Sir G. Boynton. 

Gill," J. Pickwcll, V. Sir G. N. Noel. Scraptoft, v. E. H. H'iglcy. Key- 
ham, c. Chapclri/. 

Gilpin, T. Kirkby Wharpe, v. Preb. Nether Poppleton, v. Abp. of York. 

Girdlestone, J. L' Swanthorpe, r. Mrs. Brooke. Sherringhani, v. Bp. of 

Girdlestone, Theopli. Baconsthorpe, r. Messrs. Chad and FelloiLCs. Bod- 
ham, r. T. F. Mott. 

Girdlestone, W. Kelling, r. Salthouse, r. T. Girdlestone. 

Glasse, J. Burnham Westgate, r. Buraingham, c. Camb. 

Glossop, Charles, Wolverton, r. with Roade, r. Sir A. Baynton. 

Glover, Geo. Cromer, v. Bp. oj Ely. Biliingford, r- T. IV. Coke. Repps, 
South, r. The King. 

Gkibb, Pet. Marland Peters, c. Mrs. Darner . Torrington, Lit. r. Ld Rollc. 

Goddard, H. Castle Eaton, r. Parson Shepherd. Longbridge, v. with 
Monkton Deverell, c. ALiiden Bradley, c. Marq. Bath. 

Goddard, W. S. Bepton, r. IF. S. Poyntz. Kingston, r. E. L Glynn. 

Godfrey, Thos. Meiton-Mowbrav, v. wilii Burton-Lazars, c. Frceby, c. 
and Welby, c. P. Godfrey. ' 

Goforth, F. WhitecluMcii Can. v. with Stanton St. Gabriel, c. and Chid- 
cock, S. c. Hp. (f Bath and IFells. 

Goldesborongli, J. Slimbridge, r. Oxon. Winterbournc Monkton, r. 
Siiepton Montacutc, v. Earl Ilchester. 

Gomm, VVm. Bramdeane, r. Ham, r. Bp. ofJVinton. 

Gooch, J. Bcnacre, r. with Easton Bavant, r. and Northails, v. Sir T. 

Goocii, John, Billesley, r. Saxlingliamthorpe, r. Nethergate, r. Sliarring- 
ton, r. Sir T. Gooch. VVhitford, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 

Gooch, R. North Cove, r. The King. Frostenden, r. Sir T. Gooch. 

Relalioiis of T. Gtwch, M.P. for SuHblk. An uncle, John Gooch, is Archdeacon of 
Sudbury. ./. L. Gooch lias llic lleclory of Benager. See Gooch in ilic An/ to the 
Lower House. 

Goode, Anib. Torrington, r. and v. 11^ Daiison. Waddingworth, r. The 


The Church. 

Goodenough, R. P. Cariton Lindrick, c. Miss York. Beelsby, r. South- 

zvell College. 
Goodenougli, ij. J. Brougliton Poges, r. Parson Goodenough. Hampton, 

V. The king. 
Both these Pkiralists are Prebendaries of Carlisle. We apprehend they are rela- 
tions of the Bishop of Carlisle, who is a Goodenough. The Prelate obtained the 
Deanery of Rochester in 1802, and in 1808 was promoted to the See of Carlisle, 
tlirough the interest of Lord Sidmouih, his late brother having married the sister of 
the Peer. — Two more Goodeiioiighs with one living each. 

Goodrich, B. Great Saling, v. Little Saling, v. Mr. Goodrich. Hard- 
mead, r. R. Sheddon 
Gordon, Geo. Chesterton, r. Hadoon, r. with Holme, c. Earl Ahoyne. 

A relation of the Earl of Aberdeen. Another relative is Dean of Exeter. 
Gordon, Geo. Horbling, v. Bp. of Lincoln. Sedgbrook, r. Briggend, 

c. The King. 
Gordon, Geo. Bentley Fenney, r. Dr. Gordon. Orston, v. Scarnington, 

c. Whittinton, r. Hambledon, v. with Braunston, p.c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Gordon, W. Darlington, p.c. Earl Darlington. Spaxton, r. Lncumbent. 
Gordon, Wni. Duns Tew, v. Sir H. IV. Dushivood. Speldhurst with Tun- 

bridge, c. Incuitibent. 
Gorton, \Vm. Checkereil, W. r. Lord Bolton. Sherborne, v. The King. 
Gossett, I. Datchet, v. Dn. and Canons of IFindsor. Windsor, Old, v. 

The King. 
Gough, Fletn. Istraed Gunless, r. Colliven, c. R. G. Auhreij. 
Gould, H. Butleigh, v. with Baltonsbury, c. ILon. Jos. Greville. Pen- 

nard, E. v. Bp. of Bath and IFells. 
Gould, J. Shoreham New, v. Beaconsfield, r. Oxon. 
Govett, R. Staines, v. Ashford, c. The King. 
Gower, G. L. Tattersfield, r. W. L. Gotver. Mabyn, St. r. St. Mich. 

Fenkeville, r. Lord Falmouth. Titsey, r. JV. L. Goiver. 
Graham, C. Thanington, c. Abp. of Canterbury. Waltham, v. and Pe- 

tham, V. Ahp. of Cunt, and Sir J. Honeijivood alt. The Abp. this 

Graham, C. L. Hayton, near Pockliugton, v. with Beilby, c. Dn. of York: 
Graham, Ferg. Arthuret, r. Kirk-Andiews-on-Esk, r. Sir J. Graiiam. 
Graham, J. Bewcastle, r. Dn. and Ch. of Carlisle. Brampton Abbas, r. 

Brompton Brian, r. Earl Oxford. New W indsor, v. The King. 
Graham, J. Cople, v. Oxon. York, St. Mary Sen. r. Dn. and^Ch. of 
York. — St. Saviour, r. The King. 
Chaplain to Earl Bathurst. 

Graham, Val. Bradley, r. Sir J. Ncttlethorpe. Odell, r. 5. Bourne. 

Graham, W. Wardley, r. with Belton, c. The King. 

Grant, J. F. Merston, r. Wrabness, r. The King. 

Grant, Rd. Staiistead, v. W. Heath. Wennington, r. Bp. of London. 

Gravenor, L. Langeview, c. Sir H. Williams. Parracombe, r. A. N. M. 

St. Albyn. 
Gray, Geo. Aylesby, p.c. Marton, r. T. D. Tyrivhit. 
Gray, Robt. Twinstead, r. Yeldham, Lit. r. Tlie King. Sunderland, r, 

Bp. of Durham. 
Prebendary of Durham. Author of a Jubilee Sermon, and a Discourse on the 
Assassination of Perceval. 


Tht Church. 

Gray, W. Lincoln, St. Mary Magdalen, v. Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. 

Snarford, r. The King. Fristhorpe, r. Lincoln, St. Nic. Newp. v. 

Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. 
Gray, \V. Rounton West, r. JVie King. Haslingden, c. Dr. Whiiaker. 
Grayson, L WaitliiU, r. Prebendary. York, St. Mary Castlegate, r. The 

Green, C. E. Dalbury, r The King. Tnisley, r. Mr. and Mrs. Coke. 
Green, E. Greet, r. Sir T. Edzvards. Edwin Radulph, r. Mr. Robinson. 

Ashford Bowdler, c. Ji. li. Green. Burford, 2d Port, r. G. Boxvles. 
Green, H. Broadlicmbury, v, Dn. and Ch. of Exon. Bristol, All Saints, 

V. Dn. and Ch. of Bristol. 
Green, J. C. Rillington, v. The King. Thornton-le-Moor, r. Bp. of Ely. 

Birdsall, p.c. Marq. Hertford. Wharram-in-the-Street, v. LordMid- 

dleton. Riistington, v. Bp. of Chichester. 
Green, J. Kilvington, South, r. Camb. Norton Corlparle, v. E. T. Gould. 
Green, T. Badby, v. with Nesvnham, v. Oxon. Ruscombe, St. Jas. c. 

Green, T. Bramber with Botolplis, r. Oxon. 
Greene, G. K. Stedham, r. with Heyshott, r. Lord Selsey. 
Greenwood, Edw. Silton Over, c. Earl Falconberg. Longsledale, c. In- 
Greenwood, Thos. Calne, v. Figheldean, r. with Plaitford, c. Berwick- 
Basset, c. Treas. of Suriun. Pitchley, v. Bp. of Peterborough. 
Greere, Dion. Tarrant Neville, r. with Heighton, r. Bp. of Chichester. 
Gregory, E. Hungarton, v. and r. with \Vy veil, c. Chapter of fVindsor. 

Langar, r. with Outhorpe, c. Lord Hoxve. 
Gregory, J. Elmstone, r. H. Partridge. Preston, near Wingham, v. Dn. 

and Ch. of Cant. 
Gretton, W. Withington, v. with Preston Wynne, c. Dn. of Hereford. 
Greville, E. C. Bristol, St. Stephen, r. The King. Clevedon, v. Bp. of 

Greville, J. Duston, v. Lord Melville. Peaseniore, r. L A. Houblon. 
Greville, R. Bonsall, r. Edlaston, r. Bn. of Lincoln. 

Relations of the Earl of Warwick, whose family get upwards of ^6000 a year 
from the taxes. 
Grey, Hon. and Ven. Thomas de, Calboiirne, r. Fawley, r. with Exbiny, 

c. Bp. of lyinton. Merton, r. Lord fFalsingharn. 
Tlie Honourable, Venerable, and Reverend Pluralist is a King's Chaplain, and 
Prebendary of Winchester. He is a brother of Lord ]\'alsingham, and related to 
tlie Norths and Garuiers, whom see. Three more Gretis are in the Church : one of 
them is brother of the Earl of Stamford, and is Rector of Whickham and Prebendary 
of Duriiam. Another relation of the Earl has a living worth ^1500 a-ycav. 
Griffin, E. Bowden, Great, p.c. Oxon. Welham, v. The King. Drongh- 

ton, r. /. P. Hungerford. 
Griffin, Edw. Ipswich, St. Peter, Rev. tV. Fonnercau, and St. Stephen, 

r. Lord Marsh. 
Griffith, Dav. Bettws Bledrws, r. Bp. of St. David's. Kendercluirch, c. 

Earl Oxford. Pencarreg, v. E. Lovcdon. Julit, r. with Llanharan, 

c. Norton, v. The King. 
Griffith, John, Ely, St. Mary, c. with Chettisham, c. Brechvn. c. Sputta 

and Istrad, c. Ilincliill, r. Isniael, St. v. Llansaint, c. Dn. and Ch. 

of Ely. 


The Church. 

Griffith, C. Disserth, c. with Bettwys, St, Mary, c. Llanbadarn, r. Llan- 

degla, r. Bp. of St. Davids. 
Grimshaw, T. S. Biddenham, v. Lord Hampden. Burton Latimer, r. 

/. Grimshaw. 
Grimston, H, Halstow High, r. C. Spooner. Pebmarsh, r. Earl Ferulam. 
Chaplain to the King ; uncle of Lord Veriilavi ; and brother-in-law of Lord Liver- 

Grisdaie, B. Chedworth, v. Oxon. Withington, r. Hon. Miss Cornwallis. 
Grosvenor, R. Ahner, r. Charburgh, r. East Morden, v. R. E. D. Gros- 

venor. Elmley, r. Oxon. 
Cousin of Lord Grosvenor, and brother of R. E. D. Grosvenor, M.P. 
Grover, J. S. Rainham, St. Margaret, r. — St. Mary, r. M. Toiunshend. 

Farnham Royal, r. Eton College. 
Grylls, R. G. St. Breage, with St. Germoe, v. Curry, c. and Gunwallo 

Wynnaton, v. The King. Ned's, St. v. Incumbent. Luxuliaii, v. 

J. C. Rashleigh. 
Guerin, Jos. Norton Fitzwarren, r. W. Peachey. Bagborough, W. r. 

Archd. of Wells. 
Gunn, Wm. Barton Turf, v. Bp. of Norwich. Sloley, r. Earl Orford. 
Gunning, P. Doynlon, r. The King. Bathwick with Wolley, r. Countess 

of Bath. Newton St. Loe, r. J. Langton. Farmborough, r. Bp. of 

Gunnis, F. Knapwell, r. Mr. Gunnis. Lessingham, r. Camh. 
Gutch, J. Oxford, St. Glem. d. The King. Kirkby Underwood, r. Bp. 

of Lincoln. 
Guy, G. Hentield, v. Bp. of Chichester. West Stoke, r. The King. 
Gwillim, J. Breddenbury, r. /T. IVest. Ingoidmells, r. Miss Hutton. 
Gwynn, T. Tenbury, r. Rochford, c. Mrs. Hill. 
Gwynne, Wm. Lewes, St. Michael and St. Peter, r. The King. Hamsey, 

r. Sir B. IV. Bridges. 
Haden, A. B. Saddington, r. Wednesbury, v. The King. 
Haggitt, J. Addington, r. Hon. V. Ppulett. Fen Ditton, r. Bp. of Ely. 
Hale, H. Orcheston, St. Mary, p. c. Cumb. Walden Kings, p.c. i^. //a^e. 
Hale, H. Weston, v. tV. Hale. Messing, v. Earl Ferulam. 
Hale, R. Goldsborough, r. Earl Harewood. Harewood, r. Hon. A.Foley. 
Hall, Ch. H. Broughton, v. Oxon. Luton, v. Marq. Bute. 
Hall, B. Coedgernew, c. St. Bride's Wentlog, p.c. Marcross, r. Bp. of 

Hall, J. Chew Great, v. with Dundry, c. Parson Lindsey. Salmondby, 

r. Incumbent. 
Hall, Jos. Bartlow, r. W. Hall. DuUingham, v. C. Jefferson. 
Hall, R. Ellingham, r. Lord Walden. Gaveston, r. W. Clayton. 

Seven more Halls with one living each. Ch. H. Hall is Dean of Oxford, and B. 
Hall is Chancellor of Llandaft'. The Dean married a sister of Lord Toirington, and 
is related to Byng, M.P. for Middlesex. He is author of a Fast-Day Sermon delivered 
before the " Collective Wisdom" in the late war. 

Hallett, R. S. Akemouth, v Pancras, St. r. Rosedown, St. 

Pancras, R. Bartlett. 
Hallward, J. Assington, v. Milden, r. Parson Gurdon. Stanton-on-Wolds, 

r. Incumbent. 
Halton, J. Clapham, v. Chester, St. Peter, c. Bp. of Chester. 


The Church. 

Hamilton, A. Benstead, r. Bp. of fVinton. Knipfon, r. Duke Rutland. 
Hamilton, A. London, St. Mary-Ie-Bow, r. — Allhailows, r. Honey-lane 

and St. Pancrass, Soper-lane, r. Abp. of Cant, tivo turns ; Grocers' 
Company one turn ; Jrchbishop's this turn. Loiigliton, v. Miss 

.Hamilton, P. W. Winstone, v. Chap, of Ebj. Shotwick, p.c. Chap, of 

Hamilton, R. Lond. St. Mart. Ironmoncer-lane, v.— St. Olave Jewry, v. 

The King. 
Hamley, E. Cusop, r. Earl Oxford. Stanton, St. John, r. Oxon. 
Hammond, F. T. Widford, r. S. Partridge. Quiddenham, r. Earl Albe- 

Hammond, J. Hannington, r. Bp. of IVinton. Chailecott, v. Geo. Lucy. 

Preston, r. Tom Tubbs. 
Hammond, R. Gayton Thorpe, r. Walton, East, r. A. Haminond. 
Hanbiiry, Thos. Burrow, r. Somerby, v. If^. Hanbury. 
Hanhury, Wm. Harboroiigh, r. C.Smith. Ch. Langton, r. with Tliorpc 

Langton, c. with Tur Langton, c. Parson Hanbury. 
Hancock, T. Norwich, St. Ilflen, c. — St. Mic. r. with Longham, c. Sir 

L. Blackwith. Florence, v. The Rector. 
Hancorn, T. Barry, r. Michaelstow-le-Pilt, r. R. Jones. 
Hancox, G. Wasperton, v. /. Lucy. Knockling, r. Earl Bradford. 
Hand, J. T. Chcveley, r. Ousden, r. Incumbent. 

Hand, J. S. Dunton Wallet, r. Camb. Beaulieu, p.c. Duke Montague. 
Hankinson, R. Walpole, v. T. Hankinson. Bilney, W, p.c. J. Dalton. 

Pentney, c. Scqucst. 
Hanmer, G. E. Overston, r. Earl Brownlow. Luddington, r. The King. 
Haiimer, T. W. Little Missenden, v. Lord Curzon. Simpson, r. Sir J. 

Hansen, P. Norwich, St. Martin-at-Oak, r. St. Jno. Bap. c. Worstead, 

V. Ch. of Norwich. 
Harbin, J. Barrow, North, r. E. B. Portman. Kingston, r. Mr. Harbin. 

Wheathill, r. Mrs. Phillips. 
Hardinge, C Crowlunst, r. J. C. Pclham. Tunbridge, v. Sir H. Har- 

Brother of Sir H. Hardinge, Rl.P. for Durliani, and Colonel in tlie Gnards. 
Harding, John, Roothini?- Avthorpc, r. /. Oldham. Coyclunch, r. with 

Peterstone, c. T. JFyndham. Ilopesay, r. M. Pilkington. 
Harding, J. L. Loxhere, r. J. P. Chichester. Monkleigh, v. Mrs. Saltern. 
Harding, T. Adbaston, p.c. Dn. <f Lichfield. Mdnion, \j.c. Earl Aboyne. 
Hardy, R. Walberton, v. Abp. of Cunt', with Yapton Sloughton, v. The 

Hare, R. Hurtsmonceaux, r. Mr. Hare. Ninficld, Dn. and Ch. of Cant. 
Harries, Geo. Rupa, v. Nolton, r. The King. 

Harrington, J. E. Sapcote, r. J. F. Turner. Chalbiiry, r. Earl Pembroke. 
Harris, A. Chilmark, r. Earl Pembroke. Gedncy, r. The King. 

A Prehcnd at Salisbury and another at York. He is son of Lord Malmbury, and 
son-in-law of J\lrt»fc/ja?n, Ucan of York, whom see. 

Harris, J. Corbv, r. Duke of Buccleugh. Dean, r. Earl Cardigan. 
Harrison, H. Pontesbiiry, r. with Longdoti, c. Bp. of Hereford. Row, 

Stratford, r. O.ron. 


Harrison, H. Shinipling, r. J. Buxton. London, St. Sav. Soiithwark, r, 
A Select Festry. 

Harrison, H. B. Bugbrook, r. Mr. Harrison. Warmington, r. Incu77ihent. 

Harrison, H. G. Little Stanibridge, r. Govs. Charter-House. Thorpe 
Morieux, r. /. H. Harrison. 

Harrison, J. Grimsaigh,, c. Fie. of Preston. Baltham, r. T. Goultern. 

Harrison, J. Marsk, v. Sir T. Diindas. Rusliali, r. Dr. Cooper. 

Harrison, i. Flixborougli, r. with Burton-on-Statlier, v. Sir R. Sheffield. 

Harrison, T. Whitehaven Trinity, c. Corney, r. Earl Lonsdale. Nock- 
holt, c. Chapelry. 

Harrison, Wm. Fareham, r. Overton, r. and v. with Tadley, v. Bp. of 
Winton. Winterton, v. Limber, v. The King. 

Hartley, Jn. Boroughbridge, c. Chapelry. Stow, p.c. Corringliani, Gt. 
V. with Somerby, c. Prebendary. 

Hartopp, S. Cold Overton, r. Dalby Little, v. E. H. Wigley. 

Harvey, B. Alsager, c. Lord of the Manor. Blackmore, v. The King. 
Doddinghurst, r. J. Henrick. 

Harvey, E. Finningley, r. J. Harvey. Stapleford, r. S. Smith. 

Harvey, R. Eastry, v. with Worth, c. Ramsgate, c Abp. of Cant. 

Harwood, J. Ewhurst, r. J. Martingdale. Laverstock, r. J. Portal. Sher- 
borne, St. John, V. W. Chute. 

Haslewood, D. Aycliffe, v. Dn. and Ch. of Durham. Durham, St. Mary, 
r. The King. 

Hasted, H. Bury, St. Mary, c. Corporation. Chedburg, r. with Ickworlh, 
r. Chap, of Worcester. Braisworth, r. Marq. Cornwallis. 

Hatch, G. A. Lond. St. Matt. Friday-street, r.— St. Peter, East Cheap, 
r. Duchess of Buccleugh and Bp. of London, alt. 

Hatch, T. Old Shoreham, v. Washington, v. Oxon. 

Halhway, R. Ballingham, c. Parson Russell. Stretton near Siigwas, r. 
Gov. of Guy's Hosp. 

Haultain, F. East Ham, v. Bp. of London. Weybridge, r. The King. 

Hawes, H. Salisbury, St. Edm. r. Bp. of Sarum. Meliis, r. The King. 

Hawker, Rt. Plymouth, Mart. r. Mayor and Burgesses. Charles, r. 
Mayor and Corporation. 

Hawkesley, J. W. Knotting, r. with Souldrop, r. Incumbent. Little 
Marlow, v. W. L. Anotonio. 

Hawkesworth, A. Guiseley, r. with Horsford, d. J. L. Fox. Leathley, 
r. The King. 

Hawkins, C. Coaley, v. The King. Kelston, r. Sir J. C. Hawkins. 
Cowley, r. The King. 

Hawkins, J. Ducklington, r. with Cocktrup, c. Oxon. 

Hawkins, W. H. Oxford, St. Aldate's, r. Oxon. Farringdon, v. with 
Coxewell, Lit. c. Mr. Hallet. 

Hay, T. Belton, r. Bp. of Norivich. Repps North, r. The King. 

Hay, Wm. Robt. Ackworth, r. The King, as Duke of Lancaster. Roch- 
dale, v. Abp. of Cant. 

Prebendary of York, and the well-known Manchester magistrate. The Arch- 
bishop presented Hay with the vicarage of Rochdale, worth about ^4000 a vear, 
immediately after his memorable exploit on the Sixteenth of August. 

Hayes, Wm. Hazleden Mere, v. Chap, of Durham. Mucking, r. Chap. 

of St. Paul's. 
Hayter, G. Feering, \. Bp of London. Munden, v. The King. 


The Church. 

Hay ward, G. Frocester, r. Lord Ducie. Nynipsfield, r. The King. 
Heath, B. Geo. Chattisliam, v. Eton College. Creeling, All Saints, r. — 

St. Mary, r. Sir C. Crespigny. 
Heath, Geo. Piddietown, v. Marq. Hastings. Sturminster Marshal, v. 

with Hamworthy, c. Corfe Mullion, c. Sutton Courtney, v. and 

Litchet Minster, c. Eton College. 
Heath, W. Inkberrow, v. Dr. Heath. West Dean, r. with Grinstead, 

c. F. Glossop. 
Heatiicote, G. Andover, v. with Foscot, c. Winton College. Hursley, 

V. with Otterburn, c. Sir G. Heathcote. 
Heber, K. Hodnett, r. with Weston-under-Redcastle, c. Mr. Heher. 

Moreton Say, c. Mr. Price. 
Heberden, T. Whimple, r. Duke of Bedford. Bishop Nympton, v. Bp. 

of Exon. 
Helyar, J. Hardington Mandeville, r. Incumbent. ToUard Royal, r. 

Parson Honeyvoood. 
Hemings, S. B. Wedington, r. Incumbent. Newbold Verdon, v. G. 

Hemus, J. Puttenham, r. Padworth, r. The King. 

Henchman, F. Beckbury, r. The King. Nth Moreton, x. Archd. Berks. 
Henniker, A. B. Thornluuii, Gt. and Lit. r. Lord Henniker. 
Henville, C. B. Portsmouth, v. Winion College. Emsworth, c. Trustees. 

Bedhampton, r. Incumbent. 
Hepworth, J. Ardsley, West, p.c. Earl Cardigan. Gunton, r. with Hani- 
worth, V. Sufileld, r. Lord Suffield. 
Herbert, G. Tibenham, v. Bp. of Ely. Burghclere, r. with Newtown, 

c. Earl Carnarvon. East Woodhay, r. with Ashmansworth, c. Bp. 

of Winton. 

Brother of Lord Carnarvon. Another brother holds the valuable rectory of Spof- 
forlh, in Yorkshire, probably worth ^4000 a year, and which is in the gift of Lord 


Heron, G. Lynime, r. with Warburton, c Sir P. Ifarburton. 
Hesketh, R. Acton Burnel, r. with Acton Pigot, c. Langley, c. Incum- 
bent. London, St. Dinistan East, r. Ahp. of Cant. 
Heslop, L. St. Mary-lc-Bone, r. Bristol, St. Augustine, v. and St. Mark, 
c. The King. 
Archdeacon of Bucks, nnd prebendary of Lincoln. Altogether the venerable 
Archdeacon seems well provided for. He is author of a political pamphlet on the 
l'roj>erty-Tax, and another on the Assize of Bread. 

Helley, H. Aldworth, v. Oxon. Wilton, r. with Bulbridge, v. Ditch- 

amjiton, v. Nethcihaniptoin, c. Earl Pembroke. 
Hett, W. Enderby Maris, r. Incumbent. Greetwell, c. Ch. of Lincoln. 

Lincoln, St. Paul, r. Archd. of Lincoln. Dunholme, v. The King. 

Nettleham, c. Chunc. of Lincoln. Thorpe-on-the-Hill, r. Ch. of 

Three rectories, a vicarage, and two curacies, are not enough for this Reverend 
Pluralist. He is Prebendary of Lincoln, and Chaplain to the Marquis of Stafford. 
His recommendation to all these good things are — The Genuine Tree of Liberty, or the 
Royal Oak of Great Britain ; a political squib of 1793 ; a Fast-day Sermon} Letter 
upon Restrictions on Dissenting Teachers, &c. 
Hewett, C. Pitsea, r. Mr. Heathcote. Greeustead, r. The King. 


The Church. 

Hewgell, F, Littleborough, p.c /. Hexvett. Saundby, r. Wheatley, North, 
r. Lard Middleton. 

Hewitt, Geo. Cambridge, St. Botolph, r. Queen's College. Witton St. 
Marg. V. Bp. of Ely. 

Hewitt, J. D. Fillongheigh, v. The King. Maxtocli, v. J. H. Leigh. 

Hewitt, R. Lever, c. Chapelry. Westhorpe, r. Incumbent. 

Hewitt, SirT. Timberland, v. Sir T. Whichcote. Sudboroiigh, r. Bp. 
of London. 

Hicks, G. Biirnsall, r. with Conistone, c. y4bp. of York. 

flicks, W. Whittington. r. Airs. Tracey. Cubberly, r. 3. Elives. 

Higgins, S. Norbury, r. C. B. Scryjiislnre. Sherifhales, r. with Biirleton, 
c. and Woodcote, c. Marq. of Stafford. 

Hiiditch, Jno. Gaytoii, p.c. Stowe, c. Mrs. Browne. 

Hildyard, John, Bondey, v. Lord Yarboro' . Grimboldby, r. Dudley 
North. Horkstow, v. Lord Yarboro', 

Hildyard, W. East Halton, v. Killingholme, v. C. J. Pelham. 

Hill, B. CoUingtree, r. with Roade, c. Plumpton, r. Parson Hill. 

Hill, Hy. Buxhall, r. Mrs. Hill. Harlcbton, r. J. Grisby. 

Hill, Hy. Edm. Fenny Compton, r. Oxon. St. Martha, d. Oivners of 
ChilivortJi Estate. 

Hill, H. Southampton Holy Rood, r. Oakley, r. Oxon. 

Hill, J. Bonchurch, r. with Shanklin, c. Lord Seymour. 

Hill, M. Sutton, St. Nich. r. St. Mich. c. 7". Gibbons. Cannons Nor- 
ton, V. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. 

Hill, R. Berrington, r. with Ness Lit. c. Lord Berivick. 

Hill, R. Thornton, r. Sir T. Shcphard. Sutton St. John, r. Lord Ber- 
wick. Upton Waters, r. The King. 
One of the Hills is a brother of Rowland Hill, the Methodist Parson, and of Lord 

Hill, who has a pension of ^^2000 a year, and wlio has a relation llcceiver-General 

of Shropshire. A brother-in-law with four livings. — The Rector of Berrington is bro- 
ther of Lord Berwick. We cannot trace the other Pluralists of this name. 

Hinde, N. Poulton, v. B. F. Hasketh. Shitfnall, v. G. Brooke. Swin- 

ford Regis, r. Lord Dudley and IVard. 
Hinton, A. Norwood, c. Chapelry. Grandboro', v. The King. 
Hippesley, J. Stow, r. J. H. Coxe. Stanton Fitz- Warren, r. Miss Hip- 
A brothef of Sir J. Hippisley Coxe, an old political intriguer. See the Coxes, who 
are relations. 

Hird, J. Ellingham, v. Eton College. Monxstow, r. Camb. 
Hobart, Hon. and Very Rev. H . L. Hasely, r. The King. Nocton, v. 
Lond. St, Dionis, r. Dn. and Ch. of Cant. 
This Honourable and Very Reverend Pluralist has two Deaneries, that of 
Windsor, the other of Wolverhauiptom. A brother is Canon of Hereford, and Rec- 
tor of Beer Ferrers ; of which rectory, his nephew, the Duke of Buckingham, is 
patron. Another Hobart, a son, we suspect, of the Plural Dean, has a valuable 
rectory, and Prebend of Wolverhampton. The Hobarts are related to the late Lon- 
dmiderry of blessed memory. 

Hoblyn, R. Colchester, All Staints, r. — St. Botolph, c. — St. Leonard, r. 

Hobson, T. Over and Nether Compton, r. R. Goodcn. Pentridge, r. 

Hermitage, v. The King. Lydlinch, r. 0. J. Fane. 


Tlie Church. 

Hocken, W. jun. St. Mewan's, r. Phillack, r. Parson Hocken, sen. 

Hodges, II. Beckley, r. Mr. Honpcr. Frittenden, r. T. L. Hodges. 

Hodges, T. Holmes, c. Parson Salmon. Kadnor, N. r. The King. 

Ilodgkiii, C. S. London, St. Thomas, Soutlnvark, d. Got;, of St. Tho- 
mas's Hasp. Caterham, v. J. Hodgkin. 

Hodgkinson, H. Arberfield, r. R. A. Neville. Shadingfield, r. Lord 

Hodgson, E. Rickmansworth, v. Langdon, r. Bp. of London. 

Hodgson, F. Liverpool, St. Geo. c. Corp. of Liverpool. Ewelmc, r. 

Hodgson, F. Bakpwcll, v. with l^eelly, c. Buxton, c. Shelden, c. Kniver- 
ton, c. and Money Ash, c. Ch. of Lichfield. 

Hodgson, R. HlUingdon, v. with Uxbridge, c. Bp. of London. Biirgli, 
V. The King. 

Dean of Carlisle, and a King's Chaplain; nephew of Porteus, the late Bishop of 
London. Several more Hodgsons iu the Church with offices and dignities. 
Hodson, S. Thrapston, r. The King. Raveley, p.c. Earl Sandu-ich.^ 
Hoe, T. Ciawson Long, v. Lord Osborne. Kinnolton, v. Jbp. of York. 
Hogarth, G. llogsthorpe, v. Huttoft, v. Mumby, v. Bp. of Lincoln. 
HoSg, M. Soutliacre, r. B. Fountain. Beechamwell, St. John and St. 

°Mary, r. J. Motteux. 
Holbeck, C. Morchard Bps. r. R. H. Tuckfield. Farnboroiigh, v. JV. 

Holcombe, G. F. Arnold, v. Duke of Devon. Brmckley, r. Lamb. 
Holcombe, J. Cocheston, r. Sir fr. Given. Ilhosy Crytiier, r. The King. 
Iloldcn, Geo. Magliall, c. Misses Blundel. Tathamfell, c. J. Marsden. 

Harton, c. Lictnnbent. 
Holdsworth, Robt. Brixham, v. with Kingsweare, c. The King. Dart- 
mouth, St. Sav. c. Corporation. Townstall, v. and Churston Ferrers, 

c. Corp. of Clifton. 
Hole, J. Broadwoodkelly, r. Parson Hole. Woolfardisworthy, East, r. 

Parson Brent. , . , ^ 

Hole, T. Doddiscombleigli, r. Tawton, r. Parson Hole. Ashton, r. G. 

C. Oxcndcn. 
Holiwell, Geo. Riby, v. M. Tombrie. Ripley, r. Sir. J. Liglcby. 
Holland, John, Long Crendon, c. Duke Marlbro\ Stoken Ch. c. with 

Aston Rowant, v. The King. 
Holland, J. Penmorfa, v. with Dolbenmaen, c. Bp. Bangor. 
Holland, R. Inwardlcigh, r. Spreyton, r. R.Holland. 
Holland, S. M.D. Beaudesert, r. Poynings, r. Warehorn, r. Vic King. 

This is a remarkable instance of the secular uses to which church property is applied 
bv those who have the disposal of it. The Reverend Phiralist was originally a phy- 
sician • but, happening to marry a daughter of Lord Erskinc, while his Lordship held 
the Great Seal, he took Holy Orders, with a view to qualify himself for a share of 
the good things in the gift of his father-in-law. Erskine gave him the three Rectories, 
worth about ^2000 a year, during the short period of his Chancellorship. He has 
also a Prpbend at Chichester Erskine has another son with a valuable Rectory. 
The Ex-aimccUor himself has a pension of ^4000 a-year, which he has had since 1807, 
as •» reward for his puhiic services as Lord Chancellor, which office he oidy held bioii- 
TEEN MONTHS. His eldest son has a pension of „£'1700 a year, as retired Ambas- 
x-ulor. His sister has also a pension. The provcrh says, there is nothing like maJcin^? 
"/((iiy ishik ihc sun ihincs; and this wholesome maxim Bccms to have been well observed 


The Church. 

by the noble lord while in office. Dr. Holland has written a book to vindicate the Clergy 
Trom the charge of neglecting their duties. 

Holland, Win. Farley Monktoii, r. Bp. of Suriun. Chichester, St. And. 

and St. Mart. r. arid St. Olave, r. Dn. of Chichester. 
Holley, G. H. Hackford, r. with Whitwell, v. G. Holletj. 
Holliday, E. Carmarthen, v. Llanarth, v, with Llanhinol, c. The King. 

Blethvaugh, r. St. David's. 
Hollingworth, J. B. London, St. Botolph, Aldgate, c. R. Kynaston. St. 

Margaret, Lothbiiry, r. and St. Christ-le-Stock, r. Bp. of London. 
A Fellow of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, and a Preacher at Whitehall. 
Ilollis, J. Chesterton, v. Goddington, r. Oxon, Haddenham with Cud- 

dington, v. Ch. of Rochester. 
Holme, J. Holiinwood, c. Parson Lyon. Freckenham, r. Camb. 
Holme, T. J. Six Hills, v. Lord Middleton. Bustlingthorpe, r. The 

King. Ludford, r. J. Kinchant. 
Holmes, J. Colesborn, r. F. Eyre. Sandeacre, c Prebendary. 
Holmes, J. FJixton, v. J. Holmes. Soiithelmham, All Sauits, r. with 

Sancroft, r. A. Adair, Kildale, r. R. B. Livesay. 
Holmes, J. Carlton Mincot, c. with Faceby, c. Sandhutton, c. with Thirsk, 

p.c. with Sowerby, c. Abp. of York. 
Holmes, T. Woodton, r. Mr. Suckling. Holbrook, r. S. Holmes. 
Holmes, Wm. Thimbleby, r. J. Hotchkin. Normanton-on-Soar, r. /. 

Holt, G. Howell, r. Mrs. Reynolds. Staunton-in-Vale, r. Alisses Charl- 
Holtp Geo. jim. Cuckney, v. Earl Manvers. Walesby, r. Sir G. Sa- 

Holt, J. Glanford-Bridge, c Gringley, v. Ca?nb. Elston, r. W. B. Dar- 

zuin. Kelstern, v. Sir J. C. Haivkins. 
Holyoake, Hy. Bidford, v. Salford Priors, v. Sir. G. Skipzvith. 
Hook, J. Whippingham, r. The King. Candover Preston, r. with Nutley, 

c. Ch. of IVinton. 

Doctor of Divinity, Archdeacon of Huntingdon, Prebendary of Winchester, and 
King's Chaplain. Son-in-law of Sir W. Farquhar, Bart, and reputed author of two 
musical farces — Jack of Newberry, and Diamond cut Diamond; and of an Anti- 
Catholic Sermon, at St. George's, Hanover-square, which gave rise to a correspondence 
with Earl Grey. 

Hooper, J. Stowell, r. JV. M. Dodington. Coedcandlas, p.c. Sir J. Ozven. 
Laurence, r. The King. 

Hooper, T. P. Sompting, r. E. Barker. Kingston by the Sea, r. IV. Go- 

Hooper, Wm. Carlton, r. with Chellington, c. Lord Hampden. 

Hope, Ch Sted. Derby, St. Alkmund, v. — All Saints, c. Corp. of Derby. 

Hopkins, Tho. Donyatt, r. Earnshill, r. Ji. T. Coombe. 

Hopkins, W. Fitz, r. The King. Ford, p.c. IV. E. Tondinc. Honington, 
G. Toivnsend. 

Hopkinson, S. Haconby and Morton, v. Stainfield, c Harmthorpe, c. 
Bp. of London. 

Horlock, J. W. W. Box, v. Incumbent. Winford, r. J. Morris. 

Hornby, G. Bury, r. and c. Earl of Derby. 


The Church. 

Hornby, H. VVhitworth, c. Mr. Starkey. St. Mich. Church, v. /. Hornby. 

Some more Hornhp are in tlie Church witli one living each. One of them married 
a daughter of Lord Derby, and is brother to llie M.P. for Preston. The total value 
of Church preferment, lield by the Honibys, is said to be ^7000 ji year. 

Home, Wm. Otham, r. W. Henley. Brede, r. G. Home. 

Hornsby, G. Aldsworth, p.c, Tiirkdean, v. Oxon. 

Horseman, J. Wliipsiiade, r. The King. Little Gaddesden, r. Earl of 

Hoskins, J. Landiiiado, r. Rev. C. Hoskins. Harwood, d. Sir H. Hos- 

Several Hoskins arc in the Church, one of whom married a sister of Lord Sidinoutlt. 
Hoste, D. Titteshall, r. with Goodwick, r. T. W. Coke. Hopton, r. The 

King. Wellingham, r. T. fV. Coke. 
Hotham, F. Buniliam Norton, r. with Burnham Uphe, r. J. Stnith. Den- 

nington, r. S. Long. 
Brother of Lord Hotham, M.F. for Leominster, an officer in the array, and one of 
the Treasury phalanx. 
Houscn, Hy. Bleasby, v. Howerby, v. Southwell, v. Precent. of Nor- 

manton. Broughton Brant, r. Sir R. Sutton. Aslacton, p.c. Chapelry. 
How, S. Winterbourn Strickland, r. Lord Dorchester. Leigh, South, r. 

Parson Hov:. 
Howard, J. Morlcv, St. Botolph, r.— St. Peter, c. B. ISI. Cooper. 
Howard, J. G. Derby, St. Mich. v. The King. Stanton, near Dale, c. 

fF. IVoodivord. 
Howard, C. Burythorpe, r. The King. Denbigh, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Howe, P. Isell, v. IF. Lazvson. Workington, r. J. C Cumen, M.P. 
Howell, J. F. Peinhvnn, c. St. Gorton, v. St. Gluvian's, v. Bp. of Eton. 
Howes, F. Wickhani" Market, v. Wickhaniskeith, r. Lorti T/iMr/ozu. Baw- 

burg, V. Norvv. St. Geo. r. Ch. of Norwich. 
Howes, T. Thurston, c. Tharston, v. Sir T. B. Proctor. Fritton, r. T. 

L. Hodges. 
Howlett, J. Gt. Ashby, v. Earl Aylesford. Foleshill, v. The King. 
Bowman, Arth. Ed. Shiplake, v. Dn.'and Cns. of IVindsor. Burslow, r. 

The King. 
Howman, R. F. Shipmeadow, r. The King. Burgh Mattishall, r. with 

Hockering, r. /. Burncy. 
Hoyle, R. SaltHeetby, r. Earl Broivnloiv. Gratiby, v. Duke of Rutland. 
Huck, R. Corton, v. The King. Gunton, r. Fishley, r. R. Dundus. 
Hudson, J. Bredluirst, c. Parson Moore. Kendal, v.— St. George, c. 

Hudson, P. Aylmerton, r. with Runton, r. Mrs. Wyndhum. Felbng, r. 

with Metton, r. Mr. IViindham. 
Hudson, S. Hutton, r. Castle Sowerby, v. Bp. of Carlisle. 
Hughes, D. Coombe English, v. Parson Hughes. Kilic Airon, r. Bp. 

of St. David's. Llanvilling, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Hu-rlies, J no. Evesbacl), r. Llanlatty, r. Llangoed, c. Llansatitfrand Glyn- 
''dytVdy Llanwinio, c. R. Yate. 'Llisvaen, r. Penally, r. Slretton, near 

Sugwas, r. Tidwortii, North, r. Llanfalteg, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Hughes, J. Cranford, r. Countess Berkeley. Filield, r. Nortiriidwortli, 

r. The King. 


The Church. 

Hughes, R. B. Kislingburv, r. Miss Jephcott. Rotliersthorpe, v. T. S. 

W. Samwell. 
Hughes, T. Kilkcn, r. and v. Uffingtoii, v. with Wolston, c. Bp. St. Asaph. 
Hughes, Wni. Bradenhaui, r. ./. Hicks. Pitchcott, r. Gwynnys, c. T. 


Huish, F. Clyst Hydon, r Oakhampton, v. Parson Hole. 

Hull, R. Westborough, r. Dodington Dry, c. Incumbent. 

Hulse, T. Upchurch, v. Oxon. Sutton-on-Trent, v. Okendon, North, 

r. Sir E. Hulse. 
Humfrey, J. Crostwick, r. Bp. of Norivich. Dunham, Gt. r. J. Peel. 
Humphreys, T. Sawley, p.c. with Wilne, c. and Breason, c. Prebend, of 

Hunt, Ed. Bennyfield, r. Sir J. Peacock and his IVife. Stoke Doyle, r. 

R. Hunt. 
Hunt, G. Barningham, r. Boughton, r. Weston Counston, r. /. Fernon. 

Buckland Egg, r. The King. 
Hunt, J. Wellford, r. Istrad Owen, c. Duke of Dorset. 
Hunt, P. Bedford, St. Peter, v. The King. Willington, v. Goldington, 

V. Duke of Bedford. 
Hunt, R. Medmenham, v. R.Scott. Felkirk, v. Jbp. of York. 
Hunt, T. Wentnor, r. Oxon. Felton, West, r. Earl Craven. 
Hunter, H. Horsey, v. Gov. of Sir JV. Paston's Free-School. Dilham, 

V. with Honing, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Hunter, R. Ncwnham, r. with Mappledurwell, c. Oxon. 
Huntley, R. Boxwell, r. Leighterton, c. Inctunhent. Doddington, r. C. 

Huntley, W. Asion Blank, v. The King. Eastington, r. Rev. R. Huntley. 
Hurd, Wm. Hognaston, r. Dn. of Lincoln. Heath, v. Duke of Devon. 
Hurlock, R. A. Shepreth, v. H. Woriham. Whaddon, v. Dn. and Cns. 

of Windsor. 
Hurst, J. T. Brington, r. Weston Old, c. Canib. 
Hurst, T. T. Braceborough, r. The King. Carlby, r. Marq. of Exon. 

and Sir J. Smith. 
Hurt, T. jun. Lindby, r. Papplewick, c Hon. F. Montague. Scrooby 

with Sutton-on-Lound, v. Duke of Portland. 
Hutchins, .T. Piddinghoe, v. Telscomb, r. Mess7\s. Crewe and Philpot. 
Hutchins, J. London, St. Anne, Aldersgate, r. St. John Zachary, r. Bp. 

of London and Dn. and Ch. alt. 
Hutchins, R. H. Beverstock, r. with Ansley, c. Oxon. 
Hutton, H. Beaumont, r. with Mose, r. Guy's Hospital. 
Hyde, G. H. Wareham, St. Martin and Mary, r, with — Trinity, r. and 

Arne, c. Earl Rivers. Hope Mansall, r. The King. 
Hyde, J. Catesby, v. T. and M. Scrafton. Oxford, St. Margaret, d — ■ 

and St. Martin, r. The King. 
Jack, T. Fornsett, St. Mary and St. Peter, r. Duke of Norfolk. Hap. 

torn, p.c. Camb. 
Jackman, I. Kirtling, v. Ashley, r. Silverley, v. Earl of Guildford. 
Jackson, B. Alston Moor, v. with Garragill Kirkhaugh, r. fT. Jackson, 
Jackson, Jer. Swaffham, v. Bp. of Ely. Manton, r. Miss Bourne. 
Jackson, J. Offord Darcy, r. G. Thornhill. Pott, c. E. Downs. 
Jackson, J.G. Iford, v. with Kingston, v. J. Warwick. 
Jackson, J. L. Affpiddle, v. Turner's Piddle, r. J. Frampton, 



The Church. 

Jackson, T. T. Burliscombe, v. T. Broivne. Payheniburv, v. Incuinhcnt., 
Jackson, W. Ingham, v. C. Neville. Nettleton, r. Incumbent. Hemps- 
well, c. Corp. of Lincoln. Whitehaven, St. James's, c. Earl Lonsdale. 

Langflale, c. Sir. M. Le Fleming. 
Jacob, J. L. Woolavington, v. with Puriton, v. Dn. and Cns. of Windsor. 
Jacob, S. L. Wliitfield, p.c. Waldershare, v. Ahp. of Cant. ' 
Jacson, R. Bebington, r. Overciuirch, c. Parson Jackson 
Jacson. S. Rostherne, v. IV. Egerton. Milton Aijbots, v. Dtihe of Bedford. 
James, J. Ford, r. Ladi/ Delavul. Penmaen, c. The Kin^. 
James, W. Evenload, r! G. Perrott. Moreton, South, r. Oion. Gran- 
stone, V. with Meithvr, r. Newcastle, Little, c Sutton, Long, v. 

Bp. of St. David's. ' 
Jameson, Wm. Horsham, v. Abp, of Cant, ('lapham, v. Sir J. Shelley. 
Jaiimard, T. James, Pickhall, v. Lamb. Codicotc, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Ibbotson, T. Garton, v. Tlie King. Lowthorpe, c Sir A. Quintin. Riis- 

ton, St. John, v. Abp. of York. Skerne, p.c. R. Arkzvright, 
Jeaffreson, C. Ikcn, r. 71 Syer. Longborough and Seasoncote, r. Sir C. 

Cocker ell. 
Jeans, T. Norwich, St. John, r. Witchingham, St. Faith, r.— St. Mary, 

V. Oxon. 
Jefferson, J. Aldham, r. Witham, v. Weeley, r. Bp. of London. 
Jeffreys, J. Barnes, r. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. St. Mich. Ch. c. Eliz. 

Ac k land. 
Jeffreson, Jacob, Ridge, v. Earl Hardwicke. Barmby-on-Dunt, v. /. 

Jenkins, David, Pudsey, c. Ficar of Calverly. Llanllwchiran, r. Bp. of 

St. David's. 
Jenkins, S. Selnieston, v. Preb. of Heathficld. Salehurst, v. R. Barwell. 
Jenkins, Wm. Melbury Osmond, r. — Sampford, r. Countess of Ilchester. 

Sidmoutl), V, T. Jenkins. Abbotsbnry, v. Countess of Ilchester. 

Thelbridge, r. Mr. Daubeny and his fFife. 
Jenkinson, J. B. Leverington, r. with Parson Drove, c. The King. 

Dean of Worcester, and cousin of Lord Liverpool, who is related to the Bishop of 

Jenner, J. Buckland, r. Midley, r. J. Univin. 
Jennings, T. Doimington, v. Hon. E. Foley. Hereford, St. Owen, r. 

with St. Peter's, v. F. Freeman. 
Jepson, G. Lincoln, St. Botolph, c. Prebendary. Hainton, v. Glentham, 

V. Normanby, v. Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. 
Ilbert, R. Cheriton Bishops, r. Stockley Pomeroy, r. Bp. of Exon. 
Illingworth, Archdeacon, Epworth, r. The King. Scampton, r. R. Ston- 

hewer. Stainton, St. John, v. Earl Scarborough. 
Image, T. Stanningfield, r. T. A. Cook. Whepstead, r. R. Freeman. 
Inge, C. Rudgley, v. Dn. and Ch. of Lichjield. Newton Regis, r. W. 

Inglis, H. Easton, r. Bp. of IFititon. Hardress, r. with Stelling, Sir J. 

Inman, G. Kilnsea, v. L. Thompson. Skefling, v. with Burstwick, c 

Parson Torre. Easington, v. Abp. of York. 
Inman, R. Todwick, r. Duke of Leeds. York, St. Trinity, King's Court, 

V. Master of IVell Hospital. 
Innes, G. Hilperton, r. E. E. Henthcote, Milverton, c. Earl fVarwick. 


Tlie Church. 

Johnes, T. Bradstone, r. Lezant, r. Bp. qf Exon. 

John, St. H. Ellis, Fiiichamstead, r. Barkham, r. Incumbent. 

John, St. J. F. S. F. Povvick, v. Severn Stoke, r. Earl Coventry. Spon- 
don, V. with Standley, c. with Chaddesden, c. and Lockers, c. W. 
D. Lowe. 

John, St. O. D. Mottisfont, r. with Lockerley, c. Dean East, c. Incum- 

Johnson, Ch. Bildeston, r, with Wattisham, c. Parson Cooke. Berrow, 
V. Archdeacon of IVells. 

Johnson, Ch. J. Hampstead Marshall, r. Earl Craven. Radley, d. Sir G. 

Johnson, C. W. Datchworth, r. Camb. Witham-on-the-Hill, v. G. IV. 
Johnson. Whitmash, r. The King by Lunacy. 

Johnson, H. Bywell, St. Andrew and St. Ptter's, v. Shotley, c. Whitten- 
stall, c, W. Fenivick and Dn. and Ch. of Durham. 

Johnson, J. Langtord, v. with Farringdon, c. Parson Hart. Bridge Sollars, 
V. Sir H Cotterell. Byford, r. The King. Hinton Blewett, r. Par- 
son Johnson. 

Johnson, J. Yaxham, r. with Wellborn, r. Mrs. Bodham. 

Johnson, J. Parndon, Great, r. P. T. Adams. Houghton, Lit. v. Sand- 
ford, c. with Brayfield, v. Rev. T. fFalker. 

Johnson, J. Aineham, v. Ilderton, r. Duke of Northumberland. 

Johnson, J. T. Ashreigny, r. Wembworthy, r. Incumbent. 

Johnson, P. Beeston, r. The King. Ingworth, r. ff^. Wyndham. Sustead, 
c. The King. 

Johnson, R. London, St. Antholin, r. and St. John Baptist, r. Ingham, c. 
The King and Dn. and Ch. of St. PauVs; the King's turn this time. 

Johnson, R. H. Claybrook, v. Sequest. Lutterworth, r. Wibtoft, c. Lit. 
Wigston, c. Irie King. 

Johnson, Wm. London, St. Mart. Orgars, Eastcheap, r. with St. Clement, 
Eastcheap, r. Bp. of London. Bodwrog, p.c. Llandrygarne, c. Oron. 

Jolland, W. Louth, v. Prebendary. Tetney, v. Bp. of Lincoln. Ran- 
by, V. Mr. Dickenson. 

Jones, B. Gwernesey, r. Duke of Beaufort. Cheriton, r. Llanishen, c. 
Llanvair, c. The King. 

Jones, Edw. Rudford, r. Dn. and Ch. of Gloucester. Brockworth, v. 
Bp. of Durham and his Wife. Corse, v. The King. 

Jones, E. Aberiiavesp, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. Llandan, r. Berriew, v. 

Jones, F. Rockingham, r. Lutton, r. with Washingley, r. Lord Sondes. 
Machen, r. Sir C. Morgan. 

Jones, Geo. Hogeston, r. Sir A. Owen. Llantiffi, v. Bp. of St. David's. 

Jones, John, Aberiskin, r. Lord Ashbrook. Belford, p.c. Hon. A. Onslow. 
Cardiff, St. Mary, v.— St. John, c. Dn. and Ch. of Gloucester. Ca- 
ron, V. Bp. of St. David's. Kidlington, v. Oxon. Llambeudy, r. 
Bp. of St. David's. J^lanarmon Dyfiryn Keriog, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Llanbeder, r. Bp. of Bangor. Llan Cadwallader, c. Dn. and Ch. of 
St. Asaph. Llandegla, v. Bp. of St. David's. Llanganhavel, r. Bp. 
of Bangor. Langynog, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. Llangynllo, r. Fa- 
rishioners. Llanllyfni, r. Lanhycan, r. Bp. of Bangor. Llanspyd- 
dyd, V. with Penny bont, c Marq. of Camden. Llanwnnog, v. Bp. 
of Bangor. Monks Wood, c, Duke of Beaufort. Newport Tref- 


The Church. 

Lambe, G. A. East Guildford with Playden, r. Lambe. Iden, r 

T. P. Lambe. 
Landon, J. Aberford, v. Oxon. Aymcstiey, v. with Leiinhall Earls, c 

The King. 
Lane, J. Belstead, r. Mrs. Harland. Scoulton, r. J. Weijland. 
Langdon, G. Houghton, r. E. M. Plcijdell. Milton Abb. v. Earl Dor 

Chester. Weston-Patrick, p.c. It^. T. L. IFcllesleij. 
Langdon, W. Elton, p.c. Mrs. Johnes. Pylle, r. E. Berkeley. 
Langton, W. H. Longford, r. E. Coke. Warham, r. VVatterden, r. T 

W. Coke. 
Lates, J. J. Winchcoinb, v. with Gretton, c. Lord Trace//. Sudeley, r 

Lord Rivers. 
Latey, J. Deeping, West, r. The King. Rumney, r. Dn. and Ch. of 

Laugliarne, H. Radford, v. H. G. Lewis. Rowington, v. The King. 
Law, H. Standon, v. JV. Plummer. Downham, r. Bp. of Ely. 
Law, J. Thos. Tattenhall, r. Bovvden, v. Bp. of Chester. 
Law, J. Chatham, c. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Westmill, r. R. Free- 
Law, W. Dunham, v, with Dariton, c. Prei. o/"DMr/ia7n. Kneesall-Rag- 

nal, c. Chapelry. 

There are five more Laws with one living each. Some of them, but we do not 
know how many, are sons of the Bisliop of Chester, who is uncle of Lord KUen- 
horough. The Bishop has a son in the Secret Department in India, and another a 
Collector in India. His uncle, J. Law, is Archdeacon of Rochester, ilie Pluralist 
J. T. Law, besides his two livings, has a Prebend at Lichfield, and another at Chester. 
The Bishop is Prebendaiy of Carlisle, which Prebend lie received from his father, 
the late Bishop of that diocese, forty years ago. 

Lawrence, A. Binley, p.c. Earl Craven. Middleton, v. Prebendary. 
Lawrence, R. Mersham, r. Abp. of Cant. Rolieston, r. The King. Stone, 

r. Bp. of Rochester. 
Lax, W. Ippoletts, v with Wymondley, v. Marsworth, v. Catnb. 
Layard, B. N. Uflington, r. Ditke Ancaster. Tallington, v. Lord Givydir. 
Laying, vV. W. Harrowdf.Mi, v. Earl Fitzwillia7n. York, St. Laurence, 

V. Dn. and Ch. of York. 
Layton, T. Chigwell, v. Prec. of St. Pancras. Theydon Bois, p.c. J. 

H. Dore. 
Layton, W. Helmsiey, v. The King. Playford, c Earl Bristol. Ipswich, 

St. Mat. r. The King. 
Leake, J. C. Barningham Norwood, r. Hon. W. IVyndhain. Beckham, 

West, c. Dn. and Ch. of Norwich. Barningham, r. J. Brown. 
Leathes, Ed. Frecthorpe, v. C. Leathes. Reedham, r. Parson Love. 
Leathes, G. R. Wickhampton, f. Limpenhoe, r. with Southwood, r. Parson 

Lee, IL AiSh, r. Hamble, p.c. Hound, v. with Bursledon, c. IVinton 

Lee, T. Garsington, r. Barton-on-the-Heath, r. Oxon. 
Lee, T. Tripp, Thame, v. with Towersey, v. with Sidenhani, c Tets- 

worth, c. J. Blnckhall. 
Lefroy, J. H. George, Ashe, r. H. Maxwell. Compton, r. Mrs. Bridges. 


Legard, W. Ganton, v. Sir J. Legard. Lund, v. T. Grimston. Sher- 

burn, V. Sir G. Strickland. 
Legg, J. Maddington, p.c. John and Joseph Matron. Holton, r. J. 

Legge, A. Geo. Wonston, r. Waltbani, North, r. Bp. of Winton. 

Clianceilor and Preliendary of Winchester, Prebendary of Lichfield, Ditto of 
Wolverhampton, and King's Chaplain. Nephew of the Bishop of Oxford, and brother 
of Lord Dartmouth. See Legge in the Key to the Lower House. 

Leigli, G. H. Diinster, v. Countess Hillsbro'. Minehead, v. F. F. Lut- 

Leigh, T. London, St. Magnus, r. St. Margaret, Fish-street, r. Bp. of 

Lendon, A. Barnet Friern, c. Ch. of St. Paul's. Totteridge, c. Parson 

Lendon, R. London, St. Nich. Aeons, r. St. Edmund the King, r. The 

King and Abp. of Cant. alt. The King this turn. 
Leslie, H. Wetherden, r. Sheephall, v. The King. 
Prebendary of Exeter and King's Chaplain. 

Levett, J.Camrhos, v. W. W. Boiven. Hascard, r. The King. 

Lewes, T, Barrington, Great, v. Lord Dynevor. Watlington, r. Duke 

of Norfolk. 
Lewin, S.J. Crawley, r. J. Clitherow. Ifield, \. Mr. and A^rs. Lezvin, 

Rushdon, r. The King. 
Lewis, Daniel Carter, Colnbrook, c. Trustees of Mr. Townshend. Ruis- 

lip, V. Dn. and Ch. of Windsor. Newington, v, Eton College. 
Lewis, D. Abernant, v. with Convill, c. W. St. Loe and Lewis. Garth- 

beris, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. Margaret, St. c Earl Oxford. Mo- 

nonington-on-Wye, r. Sir G. Cornivall. 
Lewis, J. Gillingham, All Saints, r. — and St. Mary, r. W. Lexvis. Kirk- 
stead, r. and Langhall, r. R. Kerrison. 
Lewis, L Long Ashton, v. Foxcott, r. Filton, c. Sir J. H. Smith. 
Lewis, R, Uplime, r. Musbury, r. Jncumhent. 
Lightfoot, J. Enham, r- Upton Grey, d. Oxon. 
Lilly, J. Felton, v. Parson Griffith. Willersley, r. Incumbent. 
Lincoln, Bishop of, Hellingley, v. Earl Chichester. Bexhill, v. Bp. of 


Prebendary of Chicheeter and Clerk of the Closet to the King. Brother to the 
Earl of Chichester and cousin to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Lindsey, J. Stratford-on-Avon, v. Swinford, v. Lady Cove, 

Linton, H. North Aston, v. Fritwell, v. J. F. Willes. Dinton, v. Tef- 
font. Great, c Oxon. Leverton, North, r. The King. 

Linton, R. Fotheringay, c. T. Betsey. W'armington, v. Earl Westmore- 
land. Hemington, v. Duke of Buccleugh and Lord Beauclerc. 

Liptrott, J. Off ham, r. The King. Ryarsh, v. L. Bartholomew. Brough- 
ton Astley, r. J. Liptrott. 

Lister, A. Gargrave, v. Mr. Lister. Tatham, r. J. Marsden. 

Littlehales, R. Lopham, r. Sir R. Hill. Langham, Bishops, v. Bp. of 

Lock, G. Heathfield, v. Prebendary, Lee, r. The King. 


The Church. 

Lambe, G. A. East Guildford with Playden, r. Lambe. Iden, r 

T. P. Lambe. 
Landon, J. Aberford, v. Oxon. Aymcstrey, v. with Leiinhall Earls, c 

The King. 
Lane, J. Belstead, r. Mrs. Harland. Scoulton, r. J. Weijland. 
Langdon, G. Houghton, r. E. M. Plcijdell. Milton Abb. v. Earl Dor 

Chester. Weston-Patrick, p.c. IF. T. L. JVcllesleij. 
Langdon, W. Elton, p.c. Mrs. Johnes. Pylle, r. E. Berkeley. 
Langton, W. H. Longford, r. E. Coke. Warham, r. VVatterden, r. T- 

W. Coke. 
Lates, J. J, Winchcoinb, v. with Gretton, c. Lord Traccy. Sudeley, r 

Lord Rivers. 
Latey, J. Deeping, West, r. The King. Rumney, r. Dn. and Ch. of 

Laugharne, H. Radford, v. H. G. Lewis. Rowington, v. The King. 
Law, H. Standon, v. fF. Plummer. Downham, r. Bp. of Ely. 
Law, J. Thos. Tattenhall, r. Bowden, v. Bp. of Chester. 
Law, J. Chatham, c. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Westmill, r. R. Free- 
Law, W. Dunham, v. witii Darlton, c. Prei. o/"DMrAa7n. Kncesall-Rag- 

nal, c. Chapelry. 

There are five more Laws with one living each. Some of theio, but we do not 
know how many, are sons of the Bistioj) of Chester, who is uncle of Lord Ellen- 
hornugh. The Bisliop has a son in the Secret Department in India, and another a 
Collector in India. His uncle, J. Law, is Archdeacon of Rochester, ihe Pluralist 
J. T. Law, besides his two livings, has a Prebend at Lichfield, and another at Chester. 
The Bishop is Prebendaiy of Carlisle, which Prebend lie received from his father, 
the late Bishop of that diocese, forty years ago. 

Lawrence, A. Binley, p.c. Earl Craven. Middleton, v. Prebendary. 
Lawrence, K. Mersham, r. Abp. of Cant. Rolleston, r. The King. Stone, 

r. Bp. of Rochester. 
Lax, W. Ippoletts, v with Wyinondley, v. Marsworth, v. Ca?)ib. 
Layard, B. N. Uflington, r. Duke Ancaster. Tallington, v. Lord Gwydir. 
Laying, v\'. W. Harrowden, v. Earl Fitzwilliain. York, St. Laurence, 

V. Dn. and Ch. of York. 
Layton, T. Chigwell, v. Prec. of St. Pancras. Theydon Bois, p.c. J. 

H. Dore. 
Layton, W. Helmsley, v. The King. Playford, c Earl Bristol. Ipswich, 

St. Mat. r. The King. 
Leake, J. C. Barningham Norwood, r. Hon. W. fVijndha?n. Beckham, 

West, c. Dn. and Ch. of Norwich. Barningham, r. J. Brown. 
Leathes, Ed. Freothorpe, v. C. Leathes. Reedham, r. Parson Love. 
Leathes, G. R. Wickhampton, r. Limpenhoe, r. with Southwood, r. Parson 

Lee, H. Ash, r. Fianible, p.c. Hound, v. with P.ursledon, c. IVinton 

Lee, T. Garsington, r. Barton-on-tlie-Heath, r, Oxon. 
Lee, T. Tripp, Thame, v. with Towersey, v. with Sidenhani, c Tets- 

worth, c. J. Blnckhall. 
Lefroy, J. H. George, Ashe, r. U. Maxwell. Compton, r. Mrs. Bridges. 


Legarcl, W. Ganton, v. Sir J. Legard. Lund, v. T. Grimston. Sher- 

burn, V. Sir G. Strickland. 
Legg, J. Maddington, p.c. John and Joseph Matron. Holton, r. J. 

Legge, A. Geo. Wonston, r. Waltham, North, r. Bp. of Winton. 

Clianceilor and Prebendary of Winchester, Prebendary of Lichfield, Ditto of 
Wolverhampton, and King's Chaplain. Nephew of the Bishop of Oxford, and brother 
of Lord Dartmouth. See Legge in the Key to the Lower House. 

Leigh, G, H. Diinster, v. Countess Hillsbro'. Minehead, v. F. F. Lut- 

Leigh, T. London, St. Magnus, r. St. Margaret, Fish-street, r. Bp. of 

Lendon, A. Barnet Friern, c. Ch. of St. Paul's. Totteridge, c. Parson 

Lendon, R. London, St. Nich. Aeons, r. St. Edmund the King, r. The 

King and Ahp. of Cant. alt. The King this turn. 
Leslie, H. Wetherden, r. Sheephall, v. The King. 
Prebendary of Exeter and King's Chaplain. 

Levett, J.Camrhos, v. W. W. Bozvcn. Hascard, r. The King. 

Lewes, T, Barrington, Great, v. Lord Dynevor. Watlington, r. Duke 

of Norfolk. 
Lewin, S.J. Crawley, r. J. Clitherow. Ilield, \. Mr. and Mrs. Lewin, 

Rushdon, r. The King. 
Lewis, Daniel Carter, Colnbrook, c. Trustees of Mr. Townshend. Ruis- 

lip, V. Dn. and Ch. of Windsor. Newington, v. Eton College. 
Lewis, D. Abernant, v. with Convill, c. W. St. Loe and Lewis. Garth- 

beris, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. Margaret, St. c Earl Oxford. Mo- 

nonington-on-Wye, r. Sir G. Cornivall. 
Lewis, J. Gillingham, All Saints, r. — and St. Mary, r. W. Lewis. Kirk- 
stead, r. and Langhall, r. R. Kerrison. 
Lewis, L Long Ashton, v. Foxcott, r, Filton, c. Sir J. H. Smith. 
Lewis, R, Uplime, r. Musbury, r. Jncumbeut. 
Lightfoot, J. Enham, r- Upton Grey, d. Oxon. 
Lilly, J. Felton, v. Parson Griffith. Willersley, r. Incumbent. 
Lincoln, Bishop of, Hellingley, v. Earl Chichester. Bexhill, v. Bp. of 


Prebendary of Chicheeter and Clerk of the Closet to the King. Brother to the 
Earl of Chichester and cousin to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Lindsey, J. Stratford- on-Avon, v. Swinford, v. Lady Cove. 

Linton, H. North Aston, v. Fritwell, v. J. F. Willes. Dinton, v. Tef- 
font. Great, c Oxon. Leverton, North, r. The King. 

Linton, R. Fotheringay, c. T. Belsey. W'armington, v. Earl Westmore- 
land. Hemington, v. Duke of Buccleugh and Lord Beauclerc. 

Liptrott, J. Off ham, r. The King. Ryarsh, v. L. Bartholomew. Brough- 
ton Astley, r. J. Liptrott. 

Lister, A. Gargrave, v, Mr. Lister. Tatham, r. J. Marsden. 

Littlehales, R. Lopham, r. Sir R. Hill. Langham, Bishops, v. Bp. of 

Lock, G. Heathfield, v. Prebendary. Lee, r. The King. 


The Church. 

Lockey, R. Much Biicli, c. Sir R. Sijmonds. Dewchurch Much, v. T. 

Symonds. Lanwarne, r. Gui/'s Hospital, London. 
Lockwood, R. Kessuigland, v. Lowestolf, v. Potter's Heighman, v. Bp. 

of Norwich. 
Brother-in-law of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Lodge, J. Kimbolton, c. Mifldleton-on-Hill, c Bp. of Hereford. Hill, 

V. Miss Laiig/ci/. 
Loft, J. \Vyam, Stainton Market^ p.c. Lad?/ Robinson. Onnesby, Nun, 

V. Miss E. and S. Ansel I. 
Long, W. Pulliani, r. Tiie Kinu;. Sternfield, r. C. Long. 
LongdtMi, 11. Rockburn, d. Whitsbury, r. Duke of Manchester. 
Longla:uls, T. Portchester, v. The King. Canfiold, Great, \.SirT. M. 

Lord, H. Barfrestoii, r. Oxnn. Northiam, r. Mm Lord. 
Lough, J. Iwade, c. Archd. of Cant. Sittingbourn, v. Abp. of Cant. 
Love, J. Ardley, r. Duke of Murlbro\ Brotherton, p.c. Dn. and Ch. 

of York. 
Lowe, J. Tankersley, r. Swinton, c Wentworth, c. Earl Fitzivilliain. 
Lowndes, R. Farley, r. Ganilingay, r. Oxon. Totnal, r. W. S. Loicndes. 
Lowndes, R. Astwood, v. The King. North Crawley, r. Miss Dun- 
Lowry, T. Crosby, v. Ouseby or Ulnesby, r. Bi). of Carlisle. 
Lowthian, J. Thatcham, v. with Greenhani, c. Midgham, c. Lord May- 

nard. Kellington, v. Camb. 
Loxham, R. Halsaii, r. Misses Biundell. Liveri)oo!, St. John, c. Mai/or 

and Corporation. 
Loxham, R. Stickney, r. Incumbent. Hagnaby, p.c. T. Coltman. 
Lucas, G. Catfield, r. Stokesby with Heringby, r. If. Dotvns, Billock- 

by, r. C. Lucas. 
Lucas," R. Edith Weston, r. Incumbent. O.xbnrough, r. with Foulden, v. 

Camb. Casterton, r. with Pickworth, r. Marq. of Exon. 
Lundy, F. Lockington, r. Incumbent. Kilnwick, c. Mr. Grinston. 
Luscombe, R. S. Moorlinch, v. with Edington, c. Starveli, c. SiiUon 

Mallet, c and Catcott, c. H. Bradrich. 
Luxmore, C. Bridestow, r. with Sourton, c. Bp. of Exon. Lanteglos, r. 

Advent, St. c. The King. 
Luxmore, C. S. Bromyard, 2d Port, r. Cradley, West, r. Bp. of Here- 
ford. Daroveu, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Two more Luxmorei arc in tiie Churcli. They are sons and ncplicws of the Bishop 
of St. Asaph. One is Prebendary of Hereford. The Bishop owed liis promotion to 
his connexion with the family of the Duke of Bucclciigh. Ho first obtained the Jiving 
of St. George tlie Martyr, Queen's Square, which he vacated upon being preseuted 
to the neighbouring Rectory of St, Andrew's, Holborn, which he held, in cnntmendum, 
with the See of Hereford. To tlic last See he was translated from the Diocese of 
Bristol, before which he held the Deanery of Gloucester. He was translated to St. 
Asaph in 181.5. The progress of the Bishop, like most of his brethren, may be 
generally traced from the number of relations and dependents which they leave be- 
hind them in p:;sscssion of the most valuable preferments in their gift. 
Lync, R. Petherick, r. ./. Molesivorth. Petrock Minor, St. r. Sir A. 

Lynn, J. Stroud, d. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Crostiiwayte, v. Bp. of 



The Church. 

Lyon, J. R. Pulford, r. Ringley, c. Earl Grosvenor. 

Lyson, T. Basalleg, v. with Henllies, c. and Risca, c Bp. of Llandqf. 

Lyster, T. M. Billingsley, r. W. Pulteney. Oldbury, r. The King. 

Neentoon, r. R. Lyster. 
Macdonald, \V. Bishop's Canning, v. Chiltern, All Saints, v, Bp. ofSarum. 

Bitton, V. Licumbent. 
Mackereth, M. Old Byland, d. £ar/! Falconberg. Middleton, v. J. Ro- 

Madan, S. Ibstock, r. with Hugglescote, c. Bp. of Rochester. Thorpe 

Conslantine, r. W. P. Inge. 

Chancellor and Prebendary of Peterborough, Canon of Lichfield, and King's 
Chaplain. Son of the late Bishop of Peterborough, nephew of the Bishop of Lich- 
field, and cousin of the Marquis Cornwallis. Except a Fast-Day Sermon or two, we 
do not know any other claim of this Reverend Pluralist to his numerous and valuable 
appointments. His uncle, the Bishop, to whom he is chiefly indebted for his prefer- 
ments, was, at first, intended for the bar, and, with that view, entered himself a 
student of the Temple ; but the elevation of his uncle to the Archbishopric, on the 
death of Dr. Seeker, opened a more lucrative prospect, and he devoted himself, 
without any particular call that way, to the Church. His first preferment was the 
rich Rectory of Wrotham, in Kent, soon after which he obtained a Prebend of West- 
minster, and shortly after succeeded Dr. Moore in the Deanery of Canterbury. On 
the translation of Bishop Hard, he was raised to the See of Lichfield and Coventry ; 
and, on the death of Bishop Douglas, he succeeded him as Dean of Windsor, which 
he vacated for the richer Deanery of Durham. 

Maddison, G. North Reston, v. W. Hornby. Grimsby, Little, v, J. 

Maddy, J. Somerton, r. Incumbent. Stansfield, r. Hartest, r. Boxted, r. 

The King. 
Mairis, W. Wallingford, St. Peter, r. H. Blackstone. Lavington, W. 

r. Bp. of Sarum. 
Mallett, T. K. Dixton, v. Staunton, r. Lord Gage. 
Maltby, E. Buckden, v. Holbeach, v. Bp. of Lincoln. 
Manby, J. Lancaster, v. Sir T. D. Hesketh. Puxton, c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Manistre, J. Todbere, r. with Stowerprovost, r. Camb. 
Mann, H. St. Martin, r. Duchess of Bolton. St. Mawgan, r. Incumbent. 
Manning, H. C. Burgh Castle, r. The King. Thetford, r. Duke of Nor- 
folk. Santon, r. Corporation of Thetford. 
Manning, W. Diss, r. Incumbent. Weeting, All Saints and St. Mary, r. 

Mansell, W. F. Ashelworth, v. Sandhurst, v. Bp. of Bristol. 

Mansell, W.J. Heath, r. The King. Ellesborough, r 

Mansfield, W. CoUyweston, r. Milton Bryan, r. The King. 

Mapleton, J. H. Ch. Southwark, c. W. Toulmin. Whaddon, v, Oxon. 

Mapletoft, M. Easington, r. The King. Yeddington, v. Earl Fitzml- 

Marler, W. Sidlesham, v. Prebendary. Pagham, r. Abp. of Cant. 
Marriott, G. P, Aynesford, v. Archd. of Cant. Hazleleigh, r. Mrs. 

Marriott, R. Ipplepen, v. with Woodland, c. Dn. and Cns. of Windsor. 
Married a cousin of Lord Denbeigh, who has several relations in the Navy, Army, 
and Police. 



The Church. 

Marsden, W. Liverpool, St. Matt. c. /. T. Holloivay. Wigan, St. Geo. 

c. Chapelry. Blackrod, c. R. IFatts. 
Marsh, M. Brinkworlh, r. Lord Holland. \N'i!iteislo\v, r. Earl Ossory. 

There are eleven of this name in the Church, one of whom is Prebendary of 
Southwell, and another Chancellor of Salisbury. We suspect, but are not sure, tliey 
are nearly related to the political Bisliop of Peterborough, who attahied such cele- 
brity during the Queen's Trial by his jjrompt translation of the German of Barbara 
Krantz, and wlio is now famous for his one hundred and sixty conundrums, about 
free will, predestination, and so on, with which he is torturing the poor curates of liis 

Marshall, B. Nymet Broad, r. Incumbent. Bow Tracey, v. B. Marshall. 
Marsliall, C. R. Exniiig, v. with Lainlwade, c. Dn. 'and Ch. of Cant. 

Lawwhitlon, r. Bp. of Exnn. Hanworth Cold, r. Mrs. Cracroft. 
Marshall, L. Davidstow, v. The King, ^\'a^legglln, r. Mr. Gregor. 
Marsham, C. Caversfield, v. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Edgcott, r. 

Stoke Lyne, v. J. Coker. 
Marshall!, E. Sculthorpe, r. Sir G. Chad. Wramplingham, r. R. Mar- 
Marsham, Hon. and Rev. J. Ailin^lon, r. Earl Roninei/. Wilmington, v. 

Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. Kirby Overblow, r. Earl Egremont. 
Canon of Windsor, Prebend of Bath and Wells, Ditto of Rochester. Brother of 
Lord Romney. See Pitt in the Key io the Lower House. 
Martin, J. Bunbury, p.c. Haberdashers' Co. Naseby, v. The King. 

Brother-in-law of the Duke of Athoi. See Sdwyn. 
Martin, T. Edgware, v. Earl Coventry. Swinbrooke, c. Chancellor of 

Saru7n. Moorby, r. Bp. of Carlisle. 
Mason, J. H. Trenegloss, v. The King. VVidcombe-in-the-Moor, c. Dn. 

and Ch. of Exon. 
Massic, R. Alford, r. Earl Grosvenor. Cliester, St. Bridget, r. Bp. of 

Massingberd, C. Kettlethorpe, r. Sir W. Amcotts. Kettlesby with South 

Ormesby, r. C Massingberd. 
Masters, J. \V. Shalboiirn, v. Dn. and Cns. of IFindsor. Sparsholt, v. 

The King. 
Matthew, C. Maiden, St. Peter, v.— All Saints, v. Jno. Matthevj. 
Matthew, J. Kilve, r. with Slringston, r. Oxon. 
Maule, J. llorseheath, r. Govs, of Charter-House. West Wickham, c. 

Lady Farnaby. Gatcley, v. Camb. 
Maule, J. Brisley, r. Camb. Dover, St. Mary, p.c. Parishioners. 
Mavor, W. Bladon, r. Hurley, v. Woodstock, c. Duke of Marlbro\ 

This is the famous compiler of school books, and istj native of Aberdeen. He was, 
.it first, a school-master, and being employed by the Duke of Marlhro' to instruct 
the junior branches of his family in writing, he obtained such favour as to get a title 
for Holii Orders. Soon after lie was rewarded with the livings of Hurley and 
Woodstock. Some years ago the Doctor was Mayor of Woodstock. 
Mawdcsley, T. Chester, St. Oswald, v. with Bruern, c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Chester. St. Mary Hill, r. Earl Grosvenor. 
May, T. C Breamore, d. Hale, d. Di(ke of Manchester. 
Mayo, C^ Huish, r. Froxmore's Almshouses. Bechinstoke, r. /. IF. 



The Church. 

Mayo, J. Avebury and Blackland, r. Winterbourne Monkton, v. Kennet, 

E. c. The King. Gussage, All Saints, v. Jrchd. of Dorset. Shaftes- 
bury, St. Peter's, r. and Holv Trin. r. Earl Shafteshurij. 
M'Evoy, J. N. Kington, v. with Combrook, c. Miss Hill. Marston 

Butlers, v. C. Talbot. 
Mead, F. Candlesby, r. Oxon. Gay-in-the-Marsh, r. The King. 
Mead, T. W. Dunstable, r. Studham, v. The King. 
Meade, R. Horsingdon, r. Princes Risborough, pc. Mr. Grubb. 
Meakins, J. Worcester, St. John, Bedwardine, v. Linddridge, v. with 

Pensax, c. Knighton-on-Teanie, c. Bn. and Ch. of fVorcester. 
Mears, H. Bookham, Little, r. Mrs. Pollen. Hartley Winlney, v. Lady 

Mears, T. Southampton, All Saints, r.— St. John's, v. with St. Laurence, 

r. The King. 
Meech, G. Compton Abbas, r. Mr. Mitchel. Toller Porcor, v. E. J. 

Broivn. Hammon, r. W. Trenchord. 
Mellish, E. Reymerston, r. T. Gundon. Tuddenham, East, v. with Ho- 

ningham, v. T. Toivnshe?id. 
Melville, Hon. and Rev. R. S. L. Great Tey, r. with Pontesbright, c. S. 

Merewether, R. Whitwick, v. with Thringstone, c. and Charley, c. The 

Messiter, J. Bratton, r. T. and G. Messiters. Caundle Purse, r. with 

Stourton Caundle, c. Sir R. C. Hoare. Romandleigh, r. Sir T. D. 

Metcalf, G. Amport, v. with Appleshaw, c. Birdham, r. Dn. and Ch. of 

Metcalfe, F. Heslington, c. Preb. of Ampleforth. Ruston, Little, c. Sir 

JV. St. Quintin. Kirkbride, r. Mrs. Metcalfe. 
Metcalfe, W, Barley, r. Bp. of Ely. Foulmire, r. Earl Hardivicke. 
Methold, T. Stonham Aspail, c. If". Middleton. Wetheringsett, r. Mrs. 

Methuen, T. A. Allcannings, r. with Brome, S. c. P. GelL Garsdon, r. 

Itchelhampton, c. P. C. Methuen. 
Mettani, G. Arnesby, v. J. S. Langden. Barwell, r. with Stapleton, c. 

with Potter's Marston, c Parson Mettavi. 
Meyrick, Ed. G. Ramsbury, v. The King. Winchfield, r. Rev. H. St. 

Michell, J. H. Buckland, r. Camb. Waterbeach, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Michell, R. Eastwood, v. The King. Gin^e Hospital, r. Oxon. 
Middleton, B. Chichester, St. Peter, Gt, v.^'D/z. and Ch. of Chick. West 

Dean, v. with Singleton, r. Duke Richmond. 
Millard, C. F. Norwich, St. Martin-at-Plain, d.— St. Giles, r. Henley, 

c. Dn. and Ch. of Norwich. Hickling, v. Mr. Micklethivaite. 
Miller, P. Bockleton, p.c. Laysters, c. T. Etton. 
Millers, W. Hardwick, r. Bp. of Ely. Aberdaron, r. Camb. 
Millers, G. Stanford, v. Runhani, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Milles, R. Tarring, West, r. Abp. of Cant. Kenwyn, v. with St, Ked, 

V. Milor, V. with Mabe, v. Bp. of Exon. 
Mills, E. Kirkby Laytborpe, r. with Asgarby, r. Lord Bristol. North 

Clifton, V. Prebendary. 
Mills, H. F. Emley, r. Hon. R. L. Saville. Gawsworlh, r. Abp. of York; 


The Church. 

Mills, T. E}re, p.c. witli Oxney, c Bp. of Pcterboro\ Henney, Gt. — 

Lit. r. N. Barnardiston. 
Mills, T. Bumpstead Hellion, v. Cuiiib. Dembleby, r. Misses Buck- 

worth. Burton Agnes, v. with Harphame, c. T. A. Mills. 
Milner, H. Adwick-le-Street, v. Thriberg, r. J. Fullerton. 
Mitchell, G. B. Leicester, St. Mary, v. and All Saints, v. with Knighton, 

c. Tlie King. 
Mitchell, J. Kingsclere, v. with Sidmonton, c. Itchinwell, c. Lord Bolton. 

London, St. Nic. Coleabbey, r. with St. Nich. Olave, r. The King, 

and Dn. and Chap, of St. Paul's. 
Mitchell, W. F. Lydford, r. The King. St. Martin, r. Duchess Bolton. 
Mitford, J, Benhall, v. IV. Mitford. Weston, St. Peter's, r. The King. 
Mogg, H. H. Littleton, High," v. IV. B. Baxter. Chewton Mendip, v. 

with Paulton, c. with Easton Stone, c. Emboroiigh, c. and Farring- 

don Gourney, c. J. Kingsmill. 
Moises, H. East Farleigh, v. Whitcluuch, r. The King. 
Molesworth, W. Beaworthy, r. St. Breock's, v. with St. Winnoe, v. with 

Nighton, c. St. Ervan, r. Sir A. C. Molesivorth. 
Molineux, W. Sherburn, v. Fenton Kirk, v. Preb. of Fcnton. 
Monins, .T. Charltoii-at-Ilone, r. Mr. Monins. Ringswold, r. Incumbent. 
Monkhouse, J. Stamford, St. Mar. r. Marq. Exon. Deeping Market, r. 

The King. 
Monkhouse, J. Wooton-GIanfield, r. H. Evans. Hohvell, r. Oxon. 
Moore, G. St. Peter Tavey, r, Sowton, r. Bp. of Exon. 
Moore, G. Wrolham, r. and v. with Woodland, c. Stansted, c. The King. 

East Peckham, v. Dn. and Ch. of Cant. Clist Honiton, c. Dn. and 

Ch. of Exon. Ladock, r. Lord and Lady Grenville. Lincoln, St. 

Marg. and St. Pet. c. Merthi Uni, c. Precent. and Preb. of Haijdon. 
Moore, 11. Latchingdon, r. Huiiton, r, Abp. of Cant. 
Moore, R. Aynesford, r. Ar did. of Cant. Hollingbourn, r. The King. 
Moore, T. Footscray, r. The King. Northcray, r. Ruxley, c. T. He- 


Eight Moores with one livhig eacli. Some of them are cousins of Lord Auckland; 
others are sons of the late Archbishop Moore. See Richardson. 

Morgan, E. Sisston, v. 0.von. Festiniog, r. Bp. of Bangor. RatclilTe- 

on-Wreke, v. The King. 
Morgan, R. Rendham, v. Parson Emley. Wattesfield, r. Miss Walls. 
Morphew, J. C. Walpole, r. The King. Clay near the Sea, r. J. Tom- 

Morris, J. Feltham, v. Parson Morris. I'asley, r. J. White. 
Morris, R. Brittford, v. Dn. and Ch. of Sarum. Chiverall, Gt. r. Earl 

Morris, T. Brook, Shelfanger, r. Duke Norfolk. Dover, St. James's, r. 

Abp. of Cant. 
Morris, W. Chenies, r. Duke Bedford. Foxley, r. Lord Holland. Wo- 

burn, c. Duke Bedford. Wye, p.c. G. F. Hatton. 
Morshead, E. Hascomb, r. Sir J. Morshead. Calstock, r. The King. 
Morton, R. Richard, Beighton, v. Duke Kingston, Kirkton, r. Duke 

Moss, T. Liverpool, St. John, c. May. and Corp. Walton, v. Parson 



Tlie Church. 

Mossop, J. Baston, v. The King. Langtoft, v. Sir G. Heathcote. 
Mounsey, G. Forest, c. Lord Dcrbi/. Fairfield, p.c. lYustees. Eush- 

ton Spencer, c. Earl Maccleajicld. 
Mounsey, J. Authorpe, r. with Amcotts, c. R. finer . Gautby, r. The 

King. Witherne, r. R. Finer. 
Mounsey, W. Thoresway, r. I'he King. Stixwold, v, E. Turner. 
Mountain, J. H. B. Puttenham, r. Bp. of Lincoln. Hemel-Hempstead, 
V. with Bovingdon, c. and Flanden, c. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's, on 
nom. of Bp. of Lincoln. 
Mower, J. Tinsley, c. Earl Fitzzvilliam. Dinnington, r. The King. 
Mudge, J. Bramfordspeke, v. The King. Luslleigii, r. Hon. li. C. 

Mules, C. Pampisford, v. Bp. of Ely this turn. Stapleford, v. D71. and 

Ch. of Ely. 
Mules, J. H. Barrington, p.c. Broadway, c. Parson Palmer. Isle Ab- 
botts, V. Dn. and Ch. of Bristol. Muchelney, v. H. Tripp. 
Mundrjn, J. Beerhacket, r. Mr. Munden. Corscombe, r. T'. B. Hollis. 
Munnings, T. C. Beetley, r. East Bilney, r. Incumbent. 
Mutlow, T. A. Canterbury, St. Martin, r.— St. Paul, v. Ahp. and Dn. 

and Ch. alt. 
Mutlow, AV. W. Gloucester, St. Mary de Load, v. and St. Trin. v. and 

St. Catherine, c. Dn. and Ch. of Gloucester. 
Myers, J. Rye, v. Udiniere, v. Lord Cavendish. 
Myers, J. AVyberton, r. Incumbent. Sonierby, r. Lord Givydir. 
Myers, T. Lazonby, v. Bp. of Carlisle. Stannington, v. Bp. (f Durham. 
Nash, S. Enstone, v. CD. Lee. Great Tew, v. G. Stratton. 
Nash, S. Shrewley, r. F. Nash. Warndon, r. Dr. Nash. 
Nash, T. Ensham, v. J. Marten. Salford, r. Parson Nash. Witcombe, 

r. H. Hicks. Chelmarsh, v. Sir J. Sebright. 
Nash, T. Leigh, r. with Bransford, c. and Checkenhull, v. Lord Somcrs. 
Natt, J. Oxford, St. Giles, v.— St. Mary, c. Oxon. 
Naylor, G. Bramford, v. Dn. and Ch. of Cant. Byton, r. The King. 
Neale, J. Staverton, v. with Boddington, c. The King. Bristol, St. Mary's, 

r. Duke Chandos. 
Neate, T. Alvescott, r. Shilton, v. Miss Gorges. 
Nelson, J. Lincoln, St. Mark, c. Precent. of Lincoln. Winterton, r. E. 

Nelson, J. Peterstone, r. Sir J. Aubrey. Beeston, All Saints, r. W. 
Mason. Ruskington, r. The King. Wellingore, r. Searby, r. Dn. 
and Ch. of Lincoln. 
Nelson, J. R. E. Congham, St. And. — St. Mary, r. Mrs. Nelson. 
Nelson, T. Bradiston, r. C. Leathes. Kirkby, with Asgarby, v. Owersby, 

V. with Kirby Osgarby, v. The King. 
Nesfield, W. Brancepath, r. R. Shaftoe. Tanfield, c. Chester-le-Street, 

c. with Lumley, c. Sir R. Milbanke and W. Joliffe. 
Nethersole, W. P. Clophill, r. Pulloxhill, v. Lady Lucas. 
Neve, C. Kilmersdon, v. Asliwick, c. The King. 
Neve, C. Old Sodbury, v. Chipping-Sodbury, c. Dn. and Ch. of Wore. 

White Lady Aston, v. T. Ebrington. 
Neville, E. Prees, v. with Preston-Gubbals, c. and Wixall, c. Bp. of 

Brother-in-law of Lord Hill, General in the Army. 


The Church. 

Neville, H. W. Cottersmore, r. C. Neville. Blatlierwick, r. S. O'Brien. 
Neville, Hon. and Rev. G. Burghapton, r. with Holveston, r. Otley, r. 

Eorl Abergaveiini/. 
Neville, Hon. and Rev. W. Birling, v. Earl Ahcrgavennij. Frant, v. Rev. 

R. Craivlcy. 

Sons of Lord Rrayhruke, and nephews of Lord Grenville. G. Neville is Master of 
Magdalen College, of which liis father his Visiter. Lord Braybroke lias held the 
sinecure of Provost-Marshal of Jamaica, worth ^5000 a-jear, for sixty years. He 
has another son Rector of Hawarden. 

Newbolt, W. H. Morstcad, r. Bp. of Winton. Mottiston, r. with Shor- 
well, V. Sir H. P. Mlhhuuj. Collingboiirn Kingston, v. Dn. and Ch. 
of Winton. 

Nevvcome, W. Belaiigh, r. Scottow, v. Bp. of Horivich, Mouiitford, r. 
Mr. Nezvcome. 

Newman, T. Little Bromley, r. Mr. Nezvman. Ingrave, r. Rev. T. New- 
man, sen. Horndon, West, r. Mr. Nezvman. 

Newsham, C. Harbury, v. Miss Ncivsnme. Portbnry, r. Bp. of Bristol. 

Newsham, \V. Scriilon, r. 11. Gale. Patley-Bridge, c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Newton, B. Nantgynulle, p. Bp. of St. David's. Wath, r. Earl Ayles- 

Newton, J. Williams, Alderford, r. Hemblington, p.c. Attlebridge, v. 
Norwich, St. James, c. — St. Paul's, r. Dn. and Ch. of Norivich. 

Newton, T. Tewin, r. Camh. Waterfall, c. Mr. and Mrs. Wibnoit. 

Nicholas, J. BremilhanT, r. Lady Nort/nvich. Fisherton Ang, r. IF, II. 
F. Talbot. 

Nicholson, E. Missin, v. The King, Mitford, v. Bp. of Durham, 

Nicholson, J. Widdiall, r. J. Ilcaton. Drax, v. The King. 

Niciiolson, T. Wabertlnvaite, r, Mimcaster, c. Sir J. Pennins;ion. 

Nicolay, G. F. L. Lond. St. Mart. Vint. r. with St. Mich. Roy. r. Dn. 
and Ch. of Cant, and Bp. of JJ'orccst. alt. Bp. this turn. 'St. Kath. 
r. The King. 

Son of a German inusician who came over with the Qiiccn of George IIL Several 
more Kicolays are in the Army and on the Pension-List. 

Nixon, C. Niithall, r. with Awsworth, c. Hon. H. Sedlcy. Dalby, v. C. 
Burdctt. Hiicknall 'Pork, v. Duke Devon. 

Noble, J. Kirkby Beliars, c. Sir R Burdett, M.?. Grimstone, c. Cha- 

Noel, Hon. and Rev. Jas. Nettlestead, v. Barming Cross, c. Lady Barhavi. 

Noel, T. Elmsthorpe, r. Kirkby Mallory, r. Earl Shilton, c. Lord Jf^-nt- 
Related by marriage lo Sir T. Ackland and to Sir Gerard A'ce/, I\I.P. for Rutland. 

Norris, C. Aylshani, r. Dn. and Cli. of Cant. Fakenham, r. Canib. 

Norris, G. Bagthorpc, r. Sir G. Chad. Giiist, v. Parson Norris. 

Norris, R. Tatterford, r. Sir G. Chad. Aldborough, r. Lord Sujfield. 

Norris, VV. Warblington, r. Hiiulon Huish, c. Mrs. Norris. J'ertwood, 
r. R. Rickivood. 

North, C. A. Alverstoke, r. Havant, r. Gosport, c. Bp. of ITinton. 

North, C. E. Okeford Child's, Superior and Inferior, r. Incumbent. Port- 
land Isle, r. Bp. of Winton. 


The Church. 

North, F. Old Alresford, r. with Medstead, c. New Alresford, c. St. 

Cross Hospital, Mas. lip. of Winton. 
North, H. Heacham, v. Ringstead, Gt. and St. Pet, H.Spdman. 

C. A. North is Prebendary of Winchester. Tlie Norths are cousins of Lord Guild- 
ford, who has got at least ^'70,000 of tlie public money, from his sinecure of Ciiam- 
berlain of the Exchequer. He has received immense sums, in trust, for the daughter 
of the late Earl of Guildford, as Comptroller of the Customs. The total number of 
livings and dignities held by the family is thirty-three, worth at least o£25,000 a-year. 
The Norths are all Pluralists, and it will be observed that nearly all their church-prefer- 
ments are in ihegftofthe Bishop of Winchester. The late Bishop of Winchester was a 
J\'o>(/), and younger brother of the famous Minister of that name, during whose ad- 
ministration the first inglorious war was waged against the independence of North 
America. The Bishop owed his promotion to his brother, ami his advancement to the 
Bench was much resisted by the Minister's colleagues, on account of his youth. Lord 
North, however, observeil — " tluit, when he should become of more matured age, he 
would not iiave a brother Prime Minister." Under such powerful auspices the Bishop 
rose rapidly in the Church. He was first preferred to a Canonry of Christ Church, 
Oxford. A few months afterwards he was pushed into the Deanery of Canterbury, 
and the following year advanced to the diocese of Lichfield and Coventry. Soon after 
lie was translated to Worcester, and in 1781 to the rich see of Winchester, which he 
held more than forty years, and must have netted from the revenue of liis diocese 
more than ^''1,200,000 principal money. It is obvious that all the Northsave indebted 
for their preferments to the Premiership of the first Earl of Guilflford. It is worthy 
of remark, too, in this instance as well as in the instance of the Pitts, the Grenvilles, 
and the Stuarts, that those names which are most extensively ramified in Church and 
State, and which receive the greater proportion of the emoluments of both, are those 
with whom are associated the most disastrous measures in the history of the country. 

Northcote, H. Dowland, c. Oakhamptoi), St. James, r. Upton Pyne, r. 

Sir L..H. Northcote. 
Norton, E. Arncliff, v. Oxon. Blythboroiigh, p.c. Walbersvvick, c. Sir 

C. Blois. 
Norton, J. Kettleweli, v. Mrs. Tennant. Boyton, p.c. /. Pridcaux. 
Nott, A. Horstead, Lit. v, A. Nott. Litlington, r. J. Bean. 
Nott, G. F. Harrietshain, r. Oxon. Woodchurch, r. Abp. of Cant. 
Nottidge, J. Hanningtield East, r. Ashiiigdon, r. Mrs. Nottidgc. 
Oakes, J. Gipping, c. C. Tyrrell. Rattesden, r. M}^s. Oakcs. Tostock, 

r. J. Moseley. Thurston, v. C. Tyrrell. 
Gates, J. Sawley, c. VVinkley, c. witli Giantley, c Dn. and Ch. of 

Oddie, W. Bierton, v. with Buckland, c. Quarendon, c. Stoke Mande- 

ville, c, Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. Hangh, p.c. H. Horsfall. 
Oddie, W. Itiley, v. ArchcL of Oxon. Stillington, v. Prebendary. 
Ogle, J. Crondall, v. Master St. Cross Hosp. Bishops-Waltham, r. Bp. 

of PFinton. 
Okeover, C. G. Whitacre Nether, c. Hon. R. B. Curzon. Baxterley, r. 

The King. 
Oldershaw, J. Upton, St. Marg. v. Bp. of Ely. Redeniiall, r. Duke 

Norfolk. Coston, p.c. Harieston, c. Archd. of Norfolk. 
Oldershaw, J. Tarvin, v. Prebendary . Ranworth, v. Bp. of Ely. 
Oldham, J. Stondon-Massey, r. Roothing-Aythorpe, r. Incumbent. 
Onslow, A. Crayford, r. F. M. Austen. Brook, r. T. Poxvis. Merrow, 

r. Bp. of IVinton. 


Onslow, G. W. Wisley, r. with Pirfoicl, v. Send, v. with Ripley, c. Earl 

Onslow. Shalford, v. with Bramley, c. The King. 
Onslow, 11. F. Ncweiit, v. Flan. E. Foley. Kidderminster, v. with Mil- 
ton, Lower, c. Lord Fc4ei/. 
Anollier Onslow Reclor of Bradford Peverell, of wliidi living the King is patron. 
Another Onslow an Archdeacon, Prebendary of Salisbury, and Master of St. Oswald's 
Hospital. The Archdeacon is son of the late Dean of VVorcester, whose father was a 
Lieutenant-General, and brother of the famous Arthur Onslow, who was forty years 
Speaker of the Collective Wisdom. A C. Oiishnt, Rector of St. Mary Newington, 
is a brotlier of the Archdeacon. Lord Oaslow, and A. Onslow, M.P. for the rotten 
borciigii of Guildford, and a Kin;^'s Counsel, are relations of the Pluralisls. 
Orde, J. Ahherslonc, r. with Itchenstoke, v. Winslade, r. Ilcrryard, v. 

Lord Bolton. 
Orme, R. Hertford, Ail Siiints, witli St. John, v. Ladij Townsend. Bay- 
ford, r. witii Esscndon, r. Marq. SaUsbiiri/. 
Osboinne, G. Stainhj, r. Earl IJurbro\ Twyford, v. with Thorpe 

Satchville, c. Mm. Ashhy. 
Otter, E. Bothall, r. with Sheepwash, r. Hepburn, c. Duke Portland. 
Otter, ^V. Coverhani, c. Ilorsohoiise, c. Rev. S. Hardcastlc. Kinlet, 

V. /r. Child. Chetwynd, r. T. Berroiv. 
Overton, J. York, St. Cross, r.— St. Margaret, r. The King. Elloughton, 

V. Preb. of Wetivang. 
The Pluralist is what is called an Evangelical Minister, and a protegee of Old Wil- 
herforce, to whose interest he is indebted for his preferments. 
Owen, Yen. Arch. London, St. Benet, Paul's Wharf, r. with St. Peter, 

r. Bn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. 
Owen, H. B. London, St. Nich. ad Marcel, r.— St. Olave, Hart-street, 

r. 2. Harris. 
Owen, H. Bainpton, v. Dn. and Ch. of Exon. Steven, c. Mr. Button. 

Shrewsbury, St. Julian, p.c. Earl Tunkerville. Stapleton, r. Mrs. 

Owen, J. Paglesham, r. Bp. of London. Horsley, E. r. Abp. of Cant. 

Conway, v. Miss Williams. 
O.xford, Hon. and Right Uev. Edward, Lord Bishop of, Cuddesdon, v. 

Annexed to the See. Lewisham, v. Earl Dartmouth. 
Uncle of Lord Dartmouth. A brother of the Bishop has an Archdeaconry, a Pre- 
bend, and two Livings. Several more of ihe family are in tiie Army, the Navy, and 
King's Household, and get about ^10,000 a-year from Church and State. 

Pace, W. Ranipisham, r. with Wraxall, r. W7n. White. 

Packard, H. Westlaton, v. D. and H. Jcrmyn. Middleton, r. Mr. Har- 

Pain, K. Lindsell, v. Earl Guildford. Radbourne, Up. r. R. Ladhrooke. 
Wigboro', Lit. r. Govs, of Charter-House. 

Palmer, C, Qiiedgley, c. Duke Manchester. Churcham, v. with Bully, 
c. Dn. and Ch. of Gloucester. 

Palmer, C. Kimcote, r. Lord Willoughby dc Broke. Ladbroke, r. Mr. 

Palmer, J. Canvey Island, c. Chapclry. Peldon, r. Earl fValdegrave. 
Benlieet, South, v. Dn. and Ch. of Westminster. 

Palmer, J. Fox, Moseley, c. Chapclry. Boroughgreen, r. Burgh, r. The 


The Church. 

Palmer, W. Ilton, v. Prebendary. Yarcombe, v. The King. 

Palmer, W. J. Finmere, r. Marq. Buckingham. Mixbury, r. Bp. of 

Panchon, \V. Hiintiiigdon, St. Mary, with St. Benet, r. The King. Wal- 

toii-in-the-Wood, r. Messrs. Morris and Jackson. 

Parker, J. T. Belton, r Newbold-on-Avon, v. J. Caldecott. 

Parkins, S. Horton, d. with Piddingtoii, c. Sir G. Gunning. Preston- 
Deanery, V. L. Christie. 
Parkinson, J. Brocklesby, r. C. A. Pelham. Immingham, v. W. Amcotts. 
Parkinson, Ven. T. East Ravendale, v. Kegworth, r. with Isley-Walton, 

c. Canih. 
Parr, S. GratTham, r. Sir F. Burdett. Waddenhoe, r. Rev. B. Bridges. 
Parry, D. C. Ashchiirch, c. J. Parsons. Kemmerton, v. Mayor and 

Corp. of Gloucester. 
Parry, W. H. Muskham North, v. with Holme, c. and Caunton, v. Pre- 
Parsable, W. Borrowdale, c. Chapelry. Newlands, c. Parson Lyne. 
Parsons, H. Goathiirst, r. Lady Trjnte. Durleigh, v. Mr. Dunning. 

Wendon, v. Lady Tynte. 
Parsons, J. Newnham, c. Corp. of Glouc. Oborne, v. Earl Digby. 

Dean, Lit. c. Corp. of Glouc. 
Parsons, J. Stretton-Grandsham, v. with Ashperton, c. and Frome Can, 

r. Rev. IV. Hopton. Castleton, jj.c. Earl T)igby. 
Parsons, J. Carsington, r. Sir R. Kaye. Marden, v. Bn. and Ch. of 

Bristol. Harptree, East, v. Prebendary. Skegness, r. Earl Scar- 

Partridge, J. A. Barningham Town, r. J. T. Mott. Cranwich, r. with 

Methwold, V. Mr. Partridge. 
Paske, E. Creeling, St. Pet. r. G. Paske. Norton, v. R. C. Haslefont. 
Pattinson, T. Kirklinton, r. Grinsdale, c. W. Dacre. Stapleton, r. Earl 

Pawson, G. Mettingham, v. Mrs. Stafford. Tey, Lit. r. Bp. of London. 
Peaciiey, J. W. Didling, with Treyford, r. Reed, r. Lord Selsey. 
Brother of Lord Selsey. A sister daughter-in-law to the Archbishop of York. 

Peacock, D. M. Great Stainton, r. The King. Sedbergh, v. Camb. 
Pearce, T. Hartlip, v. Dn. and Ch. of Rock. Hawkinge, r. Abp. of 

Cant. Merston, r. St. Sampson, c. The King. 
Pearce, W. Leigh, v. The King. Sevenhampton, c. W. Laurence. 

Saltperton, c. J. Browne. Sturston, c. Lord If^alsingham. 
Pearson, T. Sparsholt, v. with Kingston Lisle, c. with Frilford, c. Oxon. 
Pearson, W. Broughton-in-Fumes, c. /. G. Sawry. Kilworth, South, r. 

The King. 
Peck, E. M. Houghton, r. Witton, r. Mrs. Peck. 
Peers, J. VV. Ickletord, r. with Pirton, v. C. Peers. 
Pellew, Hon. and Rev. G. Naseing, v. The King. Sutton, near Galtres, 

r. Abp. of York. 

Tills Honourable and Reverend Pluralist is son of Lord Exnwuth, who has a pension 
of c£ 2000 a-jear, and son-in-law of Lord Sidmottth, who has a pension of ^4000 a- 
^ear. He was originally intended for the legal profession, but his abilities not lying 
that way, he was, after eating a few terms, turned over to the Church, as is generally 
the case with honourable lumber. His progress in this line has been very successful • 



The Church. 

in 1819, lie was presented to the Vicarage of Naseing, worth ^1200 a-year ; next 
year he was presented to the Rectory of Sutton, said to be worth ^^4000 a-j'ear ; and, 
within tlicse few months, lie has obtained a Prebend's stall in St. Paul's Cathedral, 
where at present he is stationary. His next remove will probably be to an Archdea- 
conry, then to the Bench, and all this without any qualification or pretension, except 
family connexions. 

Pemberton, R. N. Ciiurchkirk Stietton, r. — Stretton, r. /. P. Stackhousc. 
Peinbcrton, W. Barton, v, Bp. of Ely. Burgate, r. J. Thorpe. 
Penfold, G. S. Pulham, r. J. Hascley. Goreing, v. /r. IV. Richardson. 
Pennington, M. North Bourne, v. Sutton, c, Shoulclen, c. Abp. of Cant. 
Pennington, T. Kingsdown, r. vvitii Mapiscoinbe, c. Incumbent. Thorley, 

r. Bp. of London. 
Penrose, J. Bracebridge, v. Incumbent. Thorney, v. G. Neville. Fled- 

boroiigh, r. Abp. of York by lapse. 
Penrose, T. Roxwell, d. with Writtle, v. Oxon. 

Penson, J. Oxford, St. Peter, r. The King. Norton Brise, c. Oxon. 
Penton, T. East Wellow, v. FMrl Temple. Nether Wallop, v. Oxon. 
Penworne, T. St. Germains, c. Dn. and Cns. of ^Vindsor. Jacobstovv, r. 

Earl St. Germains. 
Percy, Hon. and Rev. Ilugli, Barhain, c. Bishop's Bourne, r. Ivy 

Church, r. Abp. of Cant. 
See an account of this " Fortunate Youth," p. 224. 

Perkins, F. D. Ham, r. Stoke, v. Sow, v. Swayfield, r. Mamliead, r. 
The King. 

Perkins, J. D. Dawlish, v. Teignniouth, East, c. Bp. of Exon. 

Perny, J. A. Croome-IIill, r. The King. Oxcnton, p.c. Earl Coventry. 
Pirton, r. C. Peers. 

Perry, W. Winchendon, Upper, v. Duke Marlbro\ Stone, v. Sir G. 

Peter, R. Sully, r. J. D. T. Drake. Mather Mawr, p.c. Pellayiie, v. 
C. Edivin. 

Peterborough, Riglit Rev. Herbert, Lord Bishop of. Castor, r. with Up- 
ton, c. and Sutton, c. Annexed to See. 
Professor of Divinity at Cambridge, and German translator to Barbara Krantz. The 

Right Reverend Plurtilist wrote a pamplilei in favour of Pitt's war, for which he 

received a pension ; since then he has gone on his way rejoicing, and is now on the 

high road to ecclesiastical honours and emolument. — See j\larsh. 

Pett, P. Chilbolton, r. Bp.ofWinton. Newington, r. Abp. of Cant. 

Archdeacon, Canon of Christ Church, and Prebendary of Salisbury. 
Peltat, T. Beverstone, r. with Kingscote, r. The King, Hatlicrop, r. 

M. Beach. 
Pettiward, D. Great Finborougii, v. Bp. of Ely. Onehouse, r. Mrs. 

Peyton, A. Doddington, r. willi Benwick, c. and March, c. Sir H. 
Brother-in-law of Lord Orford. 

Phelips, C. London, St. Gabriel, Fenchurch, r. — St. Marg. Pattens, r. 

The King and Lord Mayor alt. 
Phelips, W. Cucklington, r. with Stoke Trister, r. J. Phelips. 


Philips, J. Burton, r. Sir IF. Owen. Bickington Abbotts, p. c. Lord Rolle. 

Frithelstoke, p.c. T. Johnes. Henllan Amg, r. with Eglwysfair, c. 

The Freeholders. 
Phiiiimore, R. Shipton-under-Whichwood, v. Annexed to Professorship 

of Civil Lazv, Oxon. Slaptoii, r. Oxon. 
Prebend of Salisbury. Relation of Phillimorc, M.P. whom see in the Key to the 
Lower House. 
Phillipps, E. T. M. Hathorn, r. Mrs. Phillipps. Thorpe Acre, c. with 

Dishley, c. Sir W. Gordon. 
Phillips, C. Pembroke, St. Micliael, with St. Nich. v.— St. Mary, v. 

Lord Hereford. Kidwelly, v. The King. 
Phillips, E. Eastitherley, d. Lord Rolle. Rogeate, r. with Ifton, r. J. 

Phillips, G. Fishgard, v. The King. New Mote, r. H. Scourfield. Spittle, 

c. Mrs. Edwards. Wiston, p.c. Lord Cawdor. 
Phillips, L. Ifield, r. Nursted, r. H. Edtneads. 
Phillott, C. Badsey and Aldington, c. Oxon. Frome, v. Wickamford, 

p.c. Marq. Bath. 
Philpott, C. St. Margaret-at-Cliff, v. Ahp. of Cant. Ripple, r. C. F. 

Philpott, H. Stanhope, r. Weardale, Saint John, c, Bp. of Durham. 

H. Philpott is the noted pamphlet-grinder in defence of the Manchester magistrates, 
and the official defender of the Clergy of the diocese of Durham. His reward is the 
Rectory of Stanhope, said to be the richest in the kingdom. He has a Fellowship in 
the University of Oxford, and had formerly the Vicarage of Kilmersden, Somerset- 
shire, which he vacated, wlien he removed to the North, under the patronage of the 
Bishop of Durham. He is Domestic Chaplain to the Bishop. Five more PhUpotts 
with one living each. 

Picart, S. Hartlebury, r. Bp. of Worcester. Little Marcle, c. Bp. of 

Pickard, G. Bioxworth, r. /. Pickard. Poxwell, with Warmwell, r. J. 

Trenchard. Staunton-on-Arrow, r. The King. 
Pickering, G. AUestrey, p.c. W. Mundij. Mackworth, v. F. N. Mundy. 
Pickering, R. Winterbourn Abbots, r. — Steepleton, r. Oxon. Wilcot, r. 

Pickford, J, Cholderton, r. Oxon. Eaton, Lit. c. Sir R. Kaye. 
Pidcock, B. Youlgrave, v. Duke Devon. Elton, c. Burgesses. 
Pidsley, J. Sampford Peverell, r. Uplowman, r. Incumbent. 
Pigott, J. D. Edgmond, r. with Aston Ch. c. and Tibberton, c. J. K. 

Pitman, J. Hempston, Broad, v. The King. Washfield, r. /. Worth. 

Portlock, r. The King. 
Pitt, J. Brinipstield, r. with Chalford Cranham, r. Earl Mt Edgecmnbe. 

See Pitt, M.P. in the Key. 
Place, T. Kirklinton, r. Countess Ormond. Skeltnn, r. Mr. Hepworth. 
Plampin, J. Whatfield, r. Camb. Stanstead, r. G. Chinery. 
Plater, C. Eaton, River, v. Seasalter, v. Whitstable, c. Abp. of Cant. 
Plimley, H. Cuckiield, v. Bp. of Chichester. London, St. Leonard, 

Shoreditch, v, Archd. of Lond. New Windsor, v. The King. 
Phimptre, H. Claypool, S. r. Eastwood, r, /. Plumptre. 


The Clivrch. 

Plumptre, Very Rev. J. Wichenford, v. Dn. and Ch. of IVorcester. Stone, 

V. The King. 
Pluinptree, R. B. Coats, North, r. The King. Fortliampton, c. Lady 

Pocliin, W. Little Cornard, r. Mrs. Green. Morcott, r. Incumbent. 
Potlmore, R, B. Kirby Monks, v. Camh. Wiiley, r. The King. 
Pole, E. Barford, St, Martin, r. Oxnn. Dipden, r. Earl Malmibury. 
Polliill, W. Albnry, r. Earl Aylesford. Debtling, v. Abp of Cant. 
Poison, J. H. P. Upton Ilclion, r. Mrs. Poison. Exeter, St. Mary Maj. 

r. Dn. and Ch. 
Polvvhele, R. West Anthony, v. The King. Manaccan, r. Bp. of Exon. 
Poole, J. Plumpton Wall, c. Cleeburn, r. Bp. of Carlisle. Enmore, r. 

Earl Egremont. 
Poore, J. Murston, r. Trustees of the late Mr. Poore. Bicknor, r. Tlic 

Port, B. Ham, v. Mrs. Russell. Honily, r. J. Granville. 
Pott, Ven. J. Holden, London, St. iMa'rtin-in-ihe-Fields, v. Northall, v. 

Bp. of London. 
Archdeacon of London and Prebendary of Lincoln. Tliis Reverend Gentleman 
is the son of a surgeon of Bartholomew's Hospital, and was indebted for his prefer- 
ments to the late Uishop Horsley. 

Poiilter, Browiilow, Biirilon, r. with Petersfield, c, Bp. of Winton. 
Poiilter, E. Meon Stoke, r. with Soderton, c. Bp. of K^inton. Alton, v. 
with Holyboiirn, c. Binsted, c. and Kingsley, c. Dn. and Ch. of 


Prebendary of Winchester, and brother-in-law of the late Bishop of that Diocese, 
from whom he received his preferments. The Pluralist is the autiior of several poli- 
tical pamphlets, and has often distinguished himself at public meetings by his hostility 
to Reform. He was Chairman of the late Meeting of Parson Justices at Winchester, 
when an allowance of three shillings a week was deemed sutlicient for the 
maintenance of an English labourer. See p. 211. 
Powell, G. Duloe, r. Oxon. Clifton, c. Miss Noyes. Abbotsley, v. 

Powell, J. H. Dunchurch, v. Eccleshall, v. Bp. of Lichfield. 
Powys, Hon. and Rev. V. Aldwincle, St. Peter, r. Lord and Lady Lil- 

J'ord. Pilton, r. Earl Roniney. 
Powys, Hon. anil Ucv. L. Achiirch, r. T. Poiuys. Tichmarsh, r. Earl 
Romncy. Liltord, v. T. Poiuys. Towcester, v. Bp. of Lichfield. 

Brothers of Lord Lilfnrd. A relation, T. Powys, is Dean of Canterbury. A sister 
married the Hun. and Kcv. Bruce Stopfo id, Canon of Windsor, and a Church living. 
A brother in-law, Lyttlcton, with four livings, who married a niece of Hatsell, \aXe 
Clerk of the Honourable House. 

Poynter, R. Boxvvorth, r. J. Poynlcr. Soiithoe, r. Hale Weston, c. Miss 

Poyntz, N. Tormarton, r. West Littleton, c. Acton Turvillo, c. JV. Cas- 

Pratt, J. S. Peterborough, v. Bp. of Petcrhoro\ Maxcy, v. Collinghain, 

North, V. Dn. and Ch. of Pcterboro' . 
Preedy, R. Hinton-on-the-Green, r. with Stene, r. /. Baker. Willersley, 

V. W. Preedy. 
Preedy, J. Winslow, v. The King. Hinton, v. Eurl Spencer. 


The Church. 

Prescot, C. Stockport, r. Mrs. Prescot. Berrington, v. The King. 

Preston, G. Cartniel, c. Lord Cavendish. Briston, v. H. T. Jones. 

Preston, W. Bulmcr, r.EarlFitzzuilliam. Buiteiwlck, c. Parson Foord. 
Ergham, r. T. Grimstonc. 

Preston, W. Whenby, v. tV.Garforth. Sculcoates, v. The King. 

Preston, W. M. S. Aclam, Westj c. Ahp. of York. Middlesboroiigli, c. 
Mr. Hustlar. Startforth, v. Earl Lonsdale. 

Pretyman, G. 1\ Wheathamstead with Harpenden, r. Bp. of Lincoln. 

Pretyman, J. Winwick, r. Bp. of Lincoln. Sherrington, r. Bp. of Lin- 

Fretyman, R. Middleton Stoney, r. Bp. of Lincoln. Walgrave, r. with 
Hannington, v. Bp. of Lincoln. 

Having, at page 225, noticed tlie numerous ecclesiastical emoluments of the 
Pretymans, we shall only give soidc account of the rise of the Bishop, to whom the 
family is indebted for its preferments. TnnLine, fornierlv Pretyman, Ihe present 
Bishop of Winchester, is the son of a tradesman at Buiy St. Ednunid's, at the Gram- 
mar-school of which town he and his brother. Dr. John Prelymmi, the Archdeacon of 
Lincoln, received the elements of thtir education ; after whicli they removed to 
Cambridge. The Bishop was distinguished at the University as a good classical 
scliolhr, and expert arithmetician. Having the good fortune to become tutor to " the 
Heaven-born Muiisler," he soon experienced the patronage of his pupil, who ap- 
pointed him his private secretary, and gave him a Prebendal stall in the Church of 
St. Peter, Westminster. In 1787, he was made Bisiiop of Lincoln, to which prefer- 
ment was added the Deanery of St. Paul's; and, on the death of Dr. Randoliih, he 
was offered the See of London, but that dignity he declined, from an expectation 
of something more substantial, in which calculation he was not disappointed ; for, on 
the death of BrownUw) North, he obtained the rich See of Winchester, the summum. 
bmntm of episcopal ambition. The Bishop changed his name to Tomliiie on obtaining 
a large estate from a relation. He is the author of a Fast Day Sermon, dtli\ered 
before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Collective Wisdom He has also pub- 
lished several charges to tiie Clergy of his Diocese, and is now laudably engaged on 
a life of Mr. Pitt, two volumes of which have been published, and in which the 
worthy Prelate exerts himself to make the best possible defence for the blunders and 
turpitude of his patron. 

Prevost, T. Tisbury, v. J. Rogers. Rtjshmere, v. A. Edge. 

Price, A. Ampney Down, v. Oxon. BriglUvvell Salome, r. Mrs. Slopes. 

Price, A. C. sen. Burstock, v. /. Bragge. Colenie, v. Oxon. 

Price, C. Hereford, Little, v. with Ashford Caibonell, c. Chancellor of 

Hereford. Llanylis, r. Bp. of St. David's. 
Price, H. Llangelynin, r. Bp. of Bangor. Lunfihangel Esceifiog, r. Dn. 

of Bangor. 
Price, J. High Wycombe, v. Earl Shclburne. Muiiden, Great, r. The 

King. Karecredin, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Price, J. Burton, p.c. Burwardsley, c. R.Congreve. Tibberton, v. Trus- 
tees. Tregynan, c. Bettws, v. Worle, v. Dn. and Cli. of Worcester. 

Rovvbarrow, r. C Tracey. Qiiintiii, r. Bp. of Bristol. 
Price, M. Knebworth, r. Llangedwin, c. Letchworth, r. Tallachdti, r. 

Dn. and Ch. of Iforcester. 
Price, T. Fivehead, v. Swell, v. Dn. and Ch. of Bristol, Whittington, 

c. Mrs. Tracer/. Dylfryn Hondy, r. D. Griffiths. Llandilorfan, p.c. 

Llantihangel Nant Bran, c. Liannant Bran, c. Merriott, v. St. Mehm's, 

V. Brcdicott, r, Dn. and Ch. of Worcester. 


The Church. 

Price, W. Cadoxlon, r. with Crynant, c. J. Llewellin. Farnborough, r. 
George Price. Aldenninster, v. The King. Coin Dean, r. Oxon. 

There are eight more Prices with livings and dignities. Robert Price is Prebendary 
of Durham, Caiioii-Rebidontiary of Sarura, and Cliaplain to the King. His son is 
Chancellor of the Diocese of Darliam. One of Iiis daughters married a nephew of 
Sir S. Morland, jNI.P. whose sister's husband is PrebcndarN' of Salisbury, and has two 
livings. 'I'he Bishop of Durliain is uncle to the Prices, and it is to this Prelate they 
owe their preferments. The Bishop was first consecruled to a Welsh See ; in 1782, 
he was translated to Salisbury, and, in 1791, to the rich See of Duriiam. By attend- 
ing to the patronage it will be seen that the Prices are chiefly provided for in those 
dioceses from which the Bishop was translated. This confirms our former observation, 
that the successive removes of the Bishops and Dignitaries may be generally traced 
from the number of relations they leave behind in possession of the most valuable 

Prichard, H. Fcltwell, St. Mary, r,— St. Nicli. r. The King and Bp. of 

Ely ; the King this turn. 
Pridden, J. Caddiiigtoii, v. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. London, St. 

Botolph, Billingsgate, r. — St. George, r. The King and Dn. and Ch. 

of St. Paul's. 
Proby, B. J. Lichfield, v.— St. Chad, c — St. Mich. Statfold, c. Dn. 

and Ch. of Lichfield. 
Proby, C. Waddesdon, r. Duke of Marlbro\ Stanwick, r. The King. 

Ringstead, v. Denford, c. L. Burton. Slawston, v. Earl Cardigan. 

Taciibrook, v. Bp. of Lichfield. Twickeiihaiii, v. Dn. and Canons 

of IVindsor. 
C. Proby is Canon of Windsor and Prebend of Lincoln. They are relations of 
Lord Carysfort, who is brother-in-law of Lord GrcnviUe. Sec Proby in the Key. 

Probyn, W. Pershore, St. Andrew, v. with Holy Cross, c. Besford, c. 

Bricklehaniptoii, c. Defiord, c. Pinvin, c. Wick, c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Canon-residentiary and Chancellor of St. David's. 
Proctor, W. Alnwick, p.c. Bp. of Durham. Lesbiiry, v. with Alcmouth, 

c. The King. Long Houghton, v. Duke of Northumberland. 
Prossor, S. Milton, r. F. Honcijzcood. Soiithwick, r. The King. 
Pressor, W. Biishley, p.c. T. Doivdesivcll. Isniaels, St. v. The King. 

Newchinch, East, p.c. Duke of Beatfort. Walton Cardifl", c, Oxon. 
Piigh, J. Burge Castle, c. Castle Bigton, r. The King. 
Pulley, W. Claphani, v. Earl Ashburnhum. Hawnes, v. Sir G. Osborne. 

Barton David, v. Prebendary. 
Purshou=:e, A. Brabourn, v. Horton, r. Abp. of Canterbury. 
Purvis, B. G. Freefolk, d. Whitchurch, r, Bp. of IVintonl 
Putt, T. Farwav, r. /•". Buller. Trent, r. Oxon. Combe Rawlcigh, r. 

W. Drezic. ' 
Pye, Ant. Cirencester, c. Bp. of Gloucester. Lapwortli. r. O.ron. Har- 
rington, r. Earl Di/sart. 
Pvni, W. W. Kadwell, r. Willian, v. F. Pym. 
Pvrke, G. Ganerew, r. Wiiitecluirch, r. Rev. IF. Prosscr. 
Quaitley, H. Wicken, r. Mr. Prozise. Woolvcrton, v. with Stratford 

Stonev, c. ff^. Drake. 
QuickC, \V. H. Newton, St. Cyric, v. Stoke Pero. r. Mr. sluicke. 

'HE BLACK liOOK. 303 

The Church. 

Radclilife, A. Sandwich, St. Clement, v. Jrchd. of Cant. Hullavington, 
V. Eton College. 

Radcliife, H. Gillins^ham, v. with Lidsing, c. Oxon. Ickham, r. with 
Weld, c. Ahp. of Cant. 

Radclil'ie, J. Doddington, v. Littlebourn, v. Teynham, v. Archd. of 
Cant. Oxioid, St. Thomas, c. London, St. Ann, Limelioiise, r. 

Radford, J. Lapford, r. Rev. A. Radford. Wincaunton, c. U. and G. 

Raikes, R. N. Drayton, r. with Hellesdon, r. Bp. of Norivich. 

Raine, W. Widford, r. T. H. Givynne. Lemmington, p.c. Lord Redcsdale. 

Ramsden, \V. B. Stambridge, Great, r. Governors of the Charter- House. 
Cvoxton, All Saints, r. with Fulmodebton, r. Oxon. Wakering, Lit- 
tle, V. St. Eartholomeivs Hospital. Witcham, v. Bn. and Ch. of 

Randolph, F. London, St. Paul, Covent-Garden, r. Duke of Bedford. 
Banwell, v. Dn, and Ch. of kFells. 
Prebendary of Bristol, and Proprielor of Laura Chapel, Bath. This man was ap- 
pointed to instruct tiie Duchess of York in English, to which circumstance he owes 

ills preferments. He is also author of a Fast-Day Sermon, and a pamphlet on the 

Stale of the Nation. 

Randolph, H. J. Great Badminton, r. Little Badminton, c. Duke of 
Beaufort. Hawkesbury, v. with Trebham, c. Earl Liverpool. Mar- 
cham, V. Oxon. 

Rashleigh, P. Soutlifleet, r. Bp. of Rochester. Barking, v. Oxon. 

Rastall, W. Winthrope, r. Rev. IF. Rastall. Thorpe, r. The King. 

Rawbone, J. Buckland, v. Parson Raivbone. Hatford, r. Airs. Uvedale, 

Rawnsley, J. H. Folkingham, r. with l.oiighton, v. Sir G. Heathcote. 

Ray, VV". C. Pakenham, v. Lord Calthorpe. Boreham, v. Bp. of Lon- 

Raymond, S. Belchamp Walters, v. Buhner, v. Middleton, r. Mr. 

Raynard, \V. Stainley, p.c. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson. Thornton Bishops, 
c. Dn. and Ch. of Ripon. 

Raynes, E. R. Beddingham with West Fides, v. Dn. and Ch. of Chi- 
chester. Ryde, r. Duke of Dorset. 

Reed, F. Haslebeare Briant, r. Duke of Northumberland. Grafton Un- 
derwood, V. Camb. 

Reed, J. Eversholt, r. Hampstead Norris, v. with Langley, c. Marq. of 

Reeve, T. Brockley, r. J. Gri^^by. Ilketshall, St. Laurence, p.c. Mr. 
J. Chapman. Roydon, r. Licmnbent. 

Rennell, Very Rev. T. Barton Stacey, v. Dm. and Ch. of fFinton. Lon- 
don, Temple, Master. The King. 

Dean and Prebendary of Winchester. The Prebend was resigned to the Pluralist 
by his father, on his obtaining a Fellowship in tiie University. Having obtained the 
patronage of the Grenvilles, he was presented lo a living in the City, and, in 3798, 
was made Master of the Temple. On the death of Dr. Holmes he was presented to 
the Deanery of Winchester, which he continues to hold with other preferments. 
The Dean married a daughter of Judge Blackslone, by whom he has a son, who is 
also in the Church. He was suspected of being concerned in a crazy book, 
called the Pursuits of Literature, but this charge he hiis publicly disavowed. He is the 


The Church. 

autlior of several famous political Sermons, one delivered in Wincliesier Cathedral, 
in 171)3, on the Violence and Blood Guiltiness of the French Revolution; another 
Thanksgiving Sermon for the success of His JMnjesiji's Arms, preached before the 
Collective Wisdom, 1798. 

Rennie, J. Cliilvers Cotton, v. The King. Itchington Long, v. Sir R. 

Renshavv, S. Liverpool, St. Peter, r. — St. Nich. c. Mcnjnr and Corp. 

Kham, W. L. Ferslicltl, r. F. Nassau. Winkfield, v. Dn. and Ch. of 
Sar 117/1. 

Rice, Hon. and Rev. E. Rissington, Great, r. Lord Dynevor. Odding- 
ton, r. Incumbent. 
Brothtr of Lord Dynevor, and brother-in-law of the Maikhams, wliom see. 

Richards, C. Winton, St, Bartliolomevv Hyde, v. The King. Chale, r. 
Incumbent. South Stonehain, v. Parson Waring. Nunny, r. C. 

Richards, G. Br;unpton-in-BiisIi, v. Dn. and Ch. of Exon. Lillingstone 
Loveli, r. The King. 

Richards, G. p'ariingtun, r. Incuinhent. Terwick, r, Mr. Slater. 

Riciiards, J. Soiitii Farmboroiigh, r. H. Wihnot. Bride's, St. Little, r. 
T. If^yndham. Liilvvorth, E. v. The King by lapse. Wedniore, v. 
I)n. of Wells. 

Richards, "T. Daroveii, v. Dp. of St. Asaph. Icklesham, \.Bp. of Chi- 

Richardson, B. Egton, c. Glazedale and Goatland, c. Abp. of York. Far- 
ley Hiingerford, r. Joseph Houlton. 

Richardson, J. fhintinglon, v. Ficar-chnral of York. York, St. John 
Micklegate, c. Dn. and Ch. of York. Holy Trinity, r. Jbp. of York. 

Richardson, \V. Chester, St. John, v. T. Adams. Oncote, p.c. Parson 
Bent ley. 

Richardson, W, Ferry T-'riston, v. T'icar-choral of York. York, St. 

Samps, c. Sub-charter. St. Michael-le-Belfrey, c. Dn. and Ch. 

Ridpert, c Chapelry. St. David's, c. St. Dogmell's, v. Prevent. 

and Ch. 

One of the Richardsnns is Chancellor of St. raul's, and uncle of Lord Auckland., B. Manchester, v. Atherston, c. Mrs. Milnes. 

Richman, H. J. Dorche^ter, St. Peter and Trinity, r. Guardian of Free- 
School and Almshouse. 

Ricketts, F. Eckington, r. Killamarsh, c Brimington, c. North Nonnaii- 
ton, c. The King. Shaftesbury, St. James, r. Earl Shaftesbury . 
llelatcd to Lord Liverpool. 

Rideout, P. Farnliaiii, r. The King. Sliapwick, v. Lord Rivers. 

Ridley, IL Hartingtordl)ury, r. Hertford, St. Andrew with St. Mary, v. 
The King. 

Ridley, H. Hambledon, r. J. If'ray. Kirkby Underdale, r. The King. 

I'rcbcndary of Gloucester. Another IL J. Ridlei) is Rector of Newdigate and 
Prebend of Bristol. The liidlcys are related to Sir M. Ridley, M.P. and by mar- 
riage to the Lord Chancellor. 

Rigby, R. Beverley, St. Mary, r. with Holme, v. The King. Bishops 
Burton, v. Dn. and Ch. of York. Leckinglield, v. Earl Egrcinont. 


The Church. 

Rigley, J. Beswick, p.c. /. Denison. Hutton Cranswick, v. Lord 

Rippon, J. Kirkby Thore, r. Marton, r. Earl Thanet. 
Risley, J. Thornton, r. Sir T. Shcphard. Ashton, r. The King. 
Rivers, Sir Henry, Bart. Winton, St. Switliin, r. The King. Martyr 

Worthy, r. Bp. of IVinton. Bath Walcot, r. Dame M. Gay. 
Roberts, C. Bugthorpe, v. Prebendary. Edstone, Great, v. Marq. of 

Roberts, G. Stratfield Murtinier, v. Eton College. Gretton, v. Preb. 
Roberts, T. London, St. Peter, Cornhill, r. Lord Mayor and Citizens. 

Tottenham, v. Dn. and Cli. of Si. Paul's. Llangwyfen, r. Bp. of 

Robertson, J. Great Bentley, v. Brightiingsea, v. Bp. of London. Brid- 

stow, V. Bp. of Exon." 
Robinson, H. Farnley Tyas, c. with Olley, v. and Bramhope, c. The 

Robinson, J. Althorne, v. Biythford, c. Mrs. Robinson. Faldingworth, 

r. Lord Brozvnloiv. Clitton, r. and c. Bp. of Carlisle. Cricksea, r. 

Silsoe, c. Uiceby, r. Kavenstondale, c. IT'. Hanbury. Chalgrave, 

V. with Hocklitfe, r. Mr. Robinson. 
Robinson, N. W, Siicklty, r. with Lullesley, c. and Aifrick, c. The King. 
Robinson, R. B. B. Enimington, r. ff^. H. Asliurst. Waterstock, r. Sir 

IV. Ashurst. 

Robinson, R. G. Harborne, v. vvitii Smethwick, c. Dn. and Ch. of Lich- 

Jield. Barrow, v with Twyford, c /. Barrow. 
Robinson, T. Cambridge, St. An(h-ew, Great, c. Dn. and Ch. of Ely. 

Milton, r. Parson Jackson. 
Robinson, W. Grafton Underwood, c. Wood Enderby, c. Earl of Upper 

Ossory. Wishaw, r. H. Okeover. Burneside, c. Landowners. 
Some of these Robinsons, but we do not know how many, are related to the new 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

Roch, N. Tenby, r. The King. Talbenny, r. Sir IV. Owen. 
Rocke, T. Silvington, r. Tenbury, v. with Rochford, c. Mrs. Hill. 
Rocket, C. Weston Zoyland, v. Preb. of Tanberscomb. Brent, East, 

V. hp. of Bath. 

Rodd, E. St. Just, r. F. Rodd. Lamerton, v. Parson Tremayne. 

Roderick, D. Choulsbury, c. Trustees. Windrush, v. Mr. Dutton. 

Roding, Hon. and Rev. H. Eye, v. with Eyton, c The King. 

Roe, T. Kirkby-ou-Raine, r. The King. Elworthy, r. IV. Lock. Sotby, 
r. The King. 

Rogers, G. H. Soulhrop, v. Oxon. Laverton, r. Bp. of Bath. 

Rogers, H. Camborne, r. Redruth, r. Lord Dunstanville. 

Rogers, J. Cadbury, South, r. F. Newman. Heddington, r. Parson 

Rogers, J« M. Berkley, r- Mr. Rogers. Bedston, r. C. Rogers. 

Rogers, J. Clodock, v. (V. IVilkins. Mindtown, r. Earl Powis. Maw- 
nan, r. Mr. Rogers. Stowe, v. The King. Elstead, p.c. R. Baker. 

Rogers, T. E. Hedgeset, r. The King. Lackford, r. Sir C. Kent. 

Roles, W. Ratinds, v. Upton Lovell, r. The King. 

RoU'e, R. Caldecot, r. Airs. Tyntc. Cockley Clay, r. R. Dashivood. 
Yaxley, r. Parson Mott. Hempnall, v. Mr. Matt. 

Rolleston, G. Maltby, v. Stainton, v. Earl Scarbro'. 



The Church. 

Hose, J. Puddleston, v. Parson W. Rose. Rotliley, r. with Gaddesby, 

c. Mr. Babington. 
Rose, W. Carshalton, v. Beckenham, r. il/r. Rose. 
Routh, G. Ashlield, c. Ladrj Brydgcs. Ipswich, St. Clement, r. St. 

Helen, r. J. G. Baseley. 
Routh, S. Boyton, r. Oxoii. Wicklewood, v. Mrs. Fauglian. 
Rowden, F. Cuxham, r. Ibeston, r. IMunsdon, Broad, c Oxon. 
Rowe, J. Alverdiscot, r. G. Rooke. Bittadon, r. Bp. of Exon. Cletlier, 

St. V. Launceston, c. J. Carpenter. 
Rowley, J. Newborn, r. Stoke-by-Nayland, c. Nayland, c. Sir 11'. 

Rowley. Beigholt, East, r. Branthani, r. Incumbent. 
Brother of the M.P. for Suffolk. 
Royle, W. Islington, v. The King. Criniplesham, v. Bp. oj Ely. 
Rudd, E. Thorne, p.c. Earl Portmore. Appleby, v. J. Williamson. 
Rudd, J. Sutton Full, r. J. Simpson. Walton, c. Impropriators. 
Rudd, T. J. Blythe, v. with Bawtrey, c. Austertield, c. Cumb. 
Ruddock, N. Westbury, v. with Priddy, c Bp. of Bath. Stockland 

Grants, r. Mayor and Corp. of Bristol. 
Rudge, T. Haresfield, v. Earl Hardivicke. Gloucester, St. Mich. r. 

with St. Mary-de-Grace, r. The King. 
Archdeacon of Gloucester. 

Rufford, F. Kinwarton, r. with Great Alne, c. and Weethley, c. Bp. of 

Worcester. Sapey Over, r. P. Rufford. 
Rush, J. Hartwell r. Hampden, Little, c. Sir G. Lee. 
Rush, M. Poorstock, v. Milton, West, c. Dn. and Ch. ofSarum. Wis- 

boroiigh Green, v. Prebendary. 
Russell, C. Lydeard, r. H. IV. Portman. Tluirlbeare, p.c. Stoke, St. 

Mary, c. Right Hon. H. Arbuthnot, M.P. 
Russell, T. Lugwardine, v. with Barlestry, c. Dewchurch, c. Hentland, 

c. Langarron, c. and St. Weonard's, c. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. 
Ryder, E. Great Wendon with Little Wendon, r. Earl Bristol. Oaksev, 

r. T. Ryder. 

H. Biider is Bishop of Gloucester and Dean anil Canou of Wells. He is llie son 
of the late, aud brother of the present, Lord Harrowht^. He was raised to the See 
of Gloucester on the translation of Himlirigfhrd to tiie neighbouring IVrsIiopric of 
Hereford, from which Luxmore had been removed to Sr. Asapli. It is necessary to 
attend to these removes and translations, as they afford an important key in the dis- 
posal of episcopal patronage. Beside cathodial patronage, the Bishop has twenty- 
four livings in his gift. 

Sadler, R. Sliustock, v. with Benlley, c The King. Water Overton, c. 

Sainsbury, IF Beckington, r. Slandcrwick, r. Miss Sainsbury. 
Salmon, T. Dogniersfield, r. Sir 11. P. Mildmay. Odiham, v. with 

Grewell, c. Chanc. of Sarum. 
Salt, F. Broughton, c. R. Lister. Grinshill, r. Hadnall, c. J. Wood. 
Salt, J. Barling, Great, v. Teignmouth, c Horndon-on-the-Hill, v. Dn. 

and Ch. of St. Paul's. 
Salt, J. Endon, c. Earl Macclesfield. Stratton, St. Mary, v. 0.von. 
Salter, W. North Leigh, r. .fanies Jenkins. Cadeleigh, r. i\lrs. Salter. 
Sams, J. B. Honnington, r. Woolon, Soutli, r. The King. 


The Church. 

Sanders, W. East Drayton, v. with Stokeham, c. and Askam, c. Dn. and 
Ch. of York. 

Sandford, J. Ninehead, v. The King. Sherwell, r. S/.r J. Chichester. 

Sandiford, Ven. Charles, Aiire, v. Haberdashers^ Co. Tirley, v. The 
King. Blakeney, c Chapelry. 

Sandiford, P. Newton-in-the-Isie, r. Bp. of Ely. Ashbury, r. with Chap- 
len Wick, c, Mr. Baron Richards, Executor of the late Abp. of 
Cant, by a Deed of Option from the Bp. of Bath and IVells. 

Satterthwate, W. Doddington, Great, v. The King. Easton Neston, v. 
Earl Pomfret. 

Saunders, J. Kirtlington, v. Oxon. Gldding, Great, v. Lord Sondes. 

Saunders, I. London, St. And. Wardrobe, r , St. Ann, Black- 
friars, r. The King and Parishioners alt. ; the Parishioners this turn. 

Savory, S. H. Twyford, r. G. Thomas. Banner, c. Earl Oxford. 

Sawbridge, H. Welford, r. Wickham, St. Swithin, c. Incumbent. 

Sawbridge, J S. East H addon, v. TF. Sawbridge. Stretton Baskerville, 
r. Miss Pinchin and Mrs. Wilcox. Stretton-on-Dunsmore, v. W. 
Sazvbridge. Ryton-on-Dunsmore, p.c. Prebendary. 

Say, VV. E. Hatley, St. George, r. Camb. Braughin, v. E. Harvey. 

Scobell, G. Brattleby, r. Oxon. Turville, v. Bp. of Lincoln. 

Scott, A. J. Southminster, v. Govs, of the Charter-House. Catterick, v. 
with Hipswell, c. The King. 

Scott, J. Weston-super-Mare, r. Bp. of Bath. Laynston, r. Sir F. B. 

Scott, J. Hull, St. Mary, v. S. Thornton. North Ferriby, v, IFilliam 
IF. Wilkinson. Syston, v. Sir J. Thorold. 

Scott, T. Aston Sandford, r. Gawcot, c. A. Martin. 

Scott, T. Oakley, Little, r. Mr. Scott. Wickes, d. Miss Huckering- 

Scott, T. C. Birchington, c. Monkton, v. Abp. of Cant. 

Seagrave, J. Compton Wyneate, v. Tysoe, v. Marq. of Northampton. 
Barton VVestcote, r. Thos. Coles. 

Seale, J. B. Anstey, r. Cainb. Stisted, r. Abp. of Cunt. 

Sedgwick, J. Curry Rivel, v. Lady Chatham. Howgill, c. Parson Pea- 

Selwyn, J. Ludgershall, r. Mrs. Sehvyn. Coulstone, East, r. The King. 

Selwyn, T. Melbury Bubb, v. Milton Clevedon, v. Earl Ilchester. 

Prebendary of Gloucester, and brother-in-law of the Bishop of Sodor and Man. 
The Bishop is nephew of the Duke of Athol, who is related to Lewis, M.P. and 
Drummond, M.P. members of the Treasury Phalanx. 

Serjeantson, J. St. Dennis with St. George, York, r. The King. Kirby 

Kudole, r 

Settle, S. Winterbourne Stoke, v. Berwick, St. James, v. Alex. Baring, 

Severne, F. Abberley, r. R. Bromley. Kyre, Great, r. E. Pytts. 
Seymour, G. A. Burton Bradstock, r. Iwerne Courtenay, r. Shepton 

Georges, p.c. Lord Rivers. 
Seymour, T. Woodford, r. Tinkleton, r. Mrs. Sturt. 
Sharpe, J. Doncaster, v. Abp. of York. Saxby, r. /. Harman. 
Sharpe, W. Charlton Mackrell, r. A. Brymtr. Milton, All Saints, v. 

Bp. of Ely. 


The Church. 

Shaw, H. Appleby, St. Michael, v. Bp. of Carlisle. Bowness, r. Earl 

Sheepsliank?;, J. Wymeswold, v. Camb. Leeds, Trinity, c. Recorder 

and Fie. of Leeds. 
Sheppard, T. London, St. James, Clerkenwell, p.c. Pentonville, c. Pa- 

Sherer, J. G. Westwell, v. Godmersham, v. with Chaliock, c. Abp. of 

Sherifle, T. Redlingficld, c. Adair. Sotherton with Uggershall, r, 

.7. Bedingfield. 
Siiield, H. Preston, r. Inciwibent. Stoke Dry, r. Mara, of Exeter. 
Shinglar, J. Spanby with Swayton, v. J. W. Knapp. Walcot, v. Sir G. 

Shinglevvood, J. Chignall, St. James, r. with Mashbury, r. J. Slrutt. 
Shipley, S. Abhborne, v. with Mappleton, r. with Clifton, c. Dn. of 

Shipley, Very Rt^v. W. D. Skeviog, r. Wrexliam, v. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Shrubb, C. Boldre, v. with Brockcnhiust, c. and Lymington, c. J. P. 

Shuckburgh, C. W, Goldhanger, r. Totham, Little, c. N. Westcombe. 
Sill, H. Dean, r. J. Silt. Arcliolme, c. Parson Tutluim. 
Simpson, A. Thornton, v. with Bagworth, c. and Stanton-under-Bardon, c. 

Lord Maynard. 
Simpson, F. Tarrant Gnnvillc, r. Oxon. Tokenham Week, r. The King. 

Llangelor, r. .8/). of St. David's. Petherton, South, v. Dn. and Cti. 

of Bristol. 
Simpson, J. Baldock, r. The King. Ellington, v. Camb. 
Simpson, J. Fislitoft, r. Incumbent. Thornton Curtis, v. Sir R. ]Vt/nnc. 
Simpson, T. Boynton, v. Carnaby, v. Fraisthorpe, c. Sir G. Strickland. 

Ebberston, v. with Aller^ton, c. Avvborn, p.c. Dn. of York- 
Sims, W. E. West Tofts, r. J. Moselei/. Downham Santon, p.c. Lord 

Singleton, W. Witham, South, r. Sir W. Manners. Hanslop, r. with 

Castlethorpe, c. Mayor and Burgesses. 
Sissmore, H. Widley, r. with Wimering, v. T. Thistleivaite and Camb. 

Sisson, W. Burwell, v. with Walmgate, c. Goulsby, v. M. Lister. 
Skelton, R. Leavisham, r. Mrs. Skelton. Rosedale, c. Rev. H. Phil- 
Skinner, J. Camerton, r. Mrs. Skinner. Polshot, r. Shrewton, v. Bp. 

of Sarum. 
Skinner, M. Swanton Navers, r. witli Woodnorton, Ail Saints, and St. 

Peters, r. Oxon. 
Chaplain to Lord OmUnc. 
Skinner, W. Rushdon, v. Bradley, r. Ch. of Lincoln. Cuxwold, r. //. 

Skipvvorth, T. Belton, All Saints, p.c. City of Lincoln. Pickworth, r. 

Lord Bcauclerc. 
Skrimshire, T. Testcrton, r. P. Case. Houghton-in-the-Hole, v. Murq. 

Skurray, F, Ilorningsham, p.c. Dn. of Sarum. Lullington, r. Marq. of 



The Church. 

Skynner, M. Cocking, v, Bp. of Chichester. Eartham, v. Prebendary. 
Slade, J. Bolton-in-the-Moore, v. Tatteiihall, r. Bp. of Chester. 
Slade, R. Thornbiiry, v. with Falfielcl, c. and Oldbmy, c. Oxon. 
Slade, S. Staverton, c. Chapelry. Hartfield, r. Lord tVhitivorth. 
Slade, T. Thurlaston, r. Miss Trotters. Winsford, v. Camb. 
Slaney, R. Penkridge, c. with Diinston, c. Coppeiihall Hay, c. Strelton, 
c. Woodbaston, c. Sir E. Lyttleton. Sutton Madock, v. P. Brough- 
Slapp, T. P. Old Buckenham, c. Feoffees. Rracon Ash, r. T. F. Burney. 
Smear, C. Chillesford, r. Incumbent. Wangford, p.c Lord Rous. Wen- 

haston, v. with Mells, c. The King. 
Sniedley, E. Bovey, North, r. Lord Courtenay. Powderham, r. if. 

IVj'ottesley. Bradford Abbas, v. Earl Uxbridge. 
Smelt, C. Aston Abbotts, v. Wing, v. Earl Chesterfield. 
Smelt, M. Slindon, r. Binstead, v. Incumbent. 
Smith, A. J. Alkham, v. with Capel-le-Ferne, c. Abp. of Cant. Ewell, 

V. Mr. Angel. Carlton Castle, r. J- Forster. 
Smith, C.J. Norwich, St. Aiigustin, r.— St. Mary-in-Marisco, r. Bn.and 

Ch. of Norwich. 
Smith, E. Egnianton, v. Tollerton, r. P. Barry. 
Smith, E. O. Salford, v. with Holcott, r. Incumbent. 
Smith, F. Eardisley, v. Mrs. Smith. Grendon, r. Lady Bertie. 
Smith, G. H. Deverell, p. Ottery, St. Mary, v. The King. Marldon, 

r. Lord Borringdon. 
Smith, G. Charlton, r. J. Parker. Norton Bavant, v. The King. 
Smith, J. Manchester, St. Peter, v. Trustees. Deane, r. C. Sttiith. 

Chart, V. Woodnesboro', v. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. 
Smith, J. Ponsonby, c. T. Ludlcy. Newcastle, All Saints, v.— St. Ann, 
c. — St. Andrew, c. — St. Nicholas, v. — St. John, c. with Gosford, c. 
Bp. of Carlisle. Pillerton, v. C. Miles. 
Smith, J. Hulton, r. Executors of Mr. C. Brent. Melksham, v. with 

Seend, c. Dn. and Lh. of Sarum. 
Smith, J. Holt, r. His Wije. Parkinglon, v. with Snibston, c. C. Hast- 
Smith, M. S. Fladbiiry, r. with Wyre Piddle, c. Throckmorton, c and 

Bradley, c. Bp. of Worcester. 
Smith, R. Edensor, d. Kingsley, r. Duke Devonshire. Westham, v. Lord 
Cavendish. Sutton, r. Earl Egremont. Woldingham, c Mrs. Par- 
Smith, S. Daventry, c. Dry Drayton, r. Oxon. 
Smith, S. Harden Huish, r. J. Colborne. Stanton, St. Quint, v. Earl 

Radnor. Asiiill, v. Prebendary. 
Smith, T. Claycoton, r. T. Belgrave. Lilbourn, v. The King. Froding- 
ham, V. Mr. Uealey. Wiliingham, r. Parson Broadley. Knath, p.c. 
H. Dalton. Bobbingworth, r. Mr. Smith. Chishall, Little, r. .Sir 
P. Soame. Stevenson, v. Dn. and Ch. of Westminster. 
Smith, W. Bransby, r. T. Smith. Hinderwell, r. Lady Boynton. Pool, 
c. Parson Robinson. Burley, c. Mr. V/ilson. Ainstable, v. R. 
Ross. Badger, r. Abingdon, St. Nich. r. 3Vie ^jMg-. Broome, South, 
r. Marq. Cornwallis. Elkinglon, North, v. Lord Glastonbury. 
Meavy, r. The King. 


The Church. 

Sniithson, J. Headingly, c. Parson FazL-cett. Heaton Kirk, r. Duke of 

Smyth, C.J. Catton, v. Bn. and Ch. of Noriiivh. Great Fakcnliani, r. 

Duke Grafton. 
Smyth, R. Little VV'aiiey, r. Lord Broivnlovj and Miss Tyrrell. Staple- 
ford Tawney, r. 'J'heydon Mount, r. Sir W. Smyth. 
Sinythe, W. Great Linford, r. Lord Bagot. Tyrrhigham, r. with Filgravc, 

r. Broiighton, r. IF. Praed. 
Sniytliies, Y. Bentley, Little, r. H. Draper. Colchester, St. Martin, r. 

IV. Smythics. 
Siieyd, J. Bramsliall, r. Lord IVilloughby de Broke. Elford, r. Lady 

Andover. Kcele, p.r. R. Sneyd. 
Sneyd, L. Hcadley, r. Hon. G. Hoiiard. Woolstanton, p.c. ir. Sncyd. 
Snow, T. L. Barciieston, r. Incumbent. Tidminglon, c. Chapelry. 
Sockett, T. Duncton, r. Petwortli, r. Earl Egremont. Ombersley, v. 

Lord Sandys. Scarle, North, r. T. Raddish. 
Somerset, Hon. and Rev. George Henry, Liangattocli, r. witii Llanelly, 

c. Stoke Git'ford, r. Duke Beaufort. 

This Hon. and Rev. I'luralist lias just been ])ioni<;lccl to a caliicdral fiignity. He 
is brother of the Duke of Beaufort, and his sister luarrii d a Piuialisl. 'the lieaufort 
laiuily, in its various blanches, gets iipwaids ot .i48,<)0() a jear in lilhcs and taxes. 
See Somerset in the Key to the Lower House. 
Southall, H. Kington, r. witli Dormstone, c. Mr. Phillips and his Wife. 

Bishani[)ton, v. Bp. of IFarcestcr. 
Sparke, J. H. Cottenhaiii, r. Littlebury, r. Streatham, r. with Thetford, 
St. George, c. Bp. (f Ely. 

Prebendary of Ely, aiul son of tlie Bishop of that Diocese. The Bishop had the 
good fortune to become tutor to the Duke of Biitland, and his advancement fol- 
lowed of course. From the Deanery of Bristol he was raised to the See of Ches- 
ter ; and, on the death of Dr. Dumpier, removed to the valuable See of Ely. Be- 
sides an immense revenue and numerous cathedral appointments, lie has one hundred 
and eight livings in his gilt. For an account of the yrelerment the Rev. Prelate lias 
heaped on his lamily see p. 223. 

Spencer, B. Aston, v. Castle Bromwich, c. Sir C. Holt. 
Spencer, T. Over, v. Cumb. Wingtield, r. J. Morris. 
Spencer, VV. Alvaston, c. with Bowlton, c. Parishioners. Dronfield, v. 

The King. 
Sperling, J. Lammarsh, r. H.Sperling. Mapplestead, v. J. Judd. 
SpolTorih, R. Cowthorpe, r. T Starkie. ilowden, v. The King. 
Spooner, R. D. R. Anwick, v. with Branswell and Dunsby, r. S. Huzlc- 

ivood. VVorlaby, v. E. Arrowsmith. 
Spooner, W. Campden, v. Sir G. N. Noel. Elmdon, r. Isaac Spooner. 
Spranger, R. Tamerton, v. with Martinslovv, c. Lord Rolle. Toynton, 

Low, r. Ladij ]]'illoughby. Greet on, r. The King. 
Sprouie, J. R. Bailield, Great, v. Bradlield, v. Sir C. Burrell. 
Sjiry, J. li. Hanbury, v. Birmingham, Christ Church, r. Bp. of Lichfield. 
Spurgcon, C. Great Bircham, r. Ilarpley, r. J. Spurgeon. 
Spurgeon, J. G. Clopfon, r. J. Spurgeon. Oulton, r. Executors of J. 

Spurway, W. Abington, r. J. II. Thursby. Tiverton Clare Port, Pilton, 

d. Parson Spurivay. 


The Chiuch. 

Stabback, W. Exeter, Allhallow;, r. St. Stephen, r. Bp. of Exou. San- 
crearl, v. Dn. and Ch. of Exon. Anstey, East, r. Mayor and Corp. 
of Exon. 

Stafford, E. Clialcomb, v. C. Fox. I'hexford, r. The King. 

Staiiibanck, J. Halton, r. IF. Bradshaiv. Kellet Over, c. Bp. of Chester. 

Stanhope, Hon. and Rev. Y. H. R. Calton, r. Wressell, v. Earl Egre- 

There is a Ytvy Rev. and Hon. Stanhope a Dean. Tl'cy are sons of Lord 


Stanley, E. Alderley, r. Sir J. Stanley. Plumbland, r. J. C. Curivcn, 


Stanley, F. Eastwick, r. W. Pliimcr. North Weld, v 

Starkie, M. Y. Darwen, c. Dr. If'liitakcr. Riishbury, r. Bp. of Wor- 
Staunton, J. Kilvington, r. Incumbent. Eiton Sup. Mont, r. F. Saunders. 
Steele, U. Trimmingham, r. Mundsley, r. The King. 
Steer, C. Axminster, r. with Kiimington, c. and Memburv, c. J. Banks. 
Stepiien, W. Biedlow, v. Lord Currington. Stagsden, v. l^ord Havip- 

Stephens, L. P. Clavering, v with I.angley, c. Ugley, v. Christ Hosp. 
Stephens, M. P. Shenton, r. J. Stephens. Wiliey, r. C. Forester. 
Stevens, J. Swalclitfe, v. with Epwell, c. Shutford, c. Oxon. Ludgvan, 

r. Lord Bolton. 
Stevenson, J. Great Wilbrahani, v Thomas IV. Ward. Coppenliall, Ch. 

r. Bp. of Lichfield. 
Stewart, Hon. and Rev. C- Orton LongviUe with Botolpbridge, r. Bp. of 

Still, J. Cricklade, St. Mary, r. H. Edgell. Fonthiil Gifford, r. fF. 

Stillingfleet, H. A. Hope Sollers, r. How Cape!, r. Mrs. Gregory. 
Slockdale, J. Kingerby, v. Camb. Caicethorpe, r. Bp. of Lincoln. Tet- 

ford, r. Miss Harrison. 
Stockdale, W. Ashby Meris, v. Sir J. Langhum. Hundon, v. Bp. of 

Stocking, W. Normanton, r. Lord Bristol. Tuddenham, St. Mary, r. 

If. Fonncreau. Wreslingworth, r. The King. 
Stockwell, T. Stratford Toney, r. Oxon. Burcornbe, d. St. John's Hos- 
pital. Sarum. 
Stopford, J. Marden, North, v. T. P. Phipps. Hayling, South, v. — 

North, c. Lord Albemarle. 
Stopford, Hon. and Rev. R. B. Barton Seagrave, r. Buke Buccleugh and 

his I'Fife. Nuneaton, v. TJie King. 

Prebendary of Hereford, Canon of Windsor, and King's Chaplain. Tlie Hon. 
and Rev. Pluralist is brother of Lnrd Courtown, who is Caplani of the Uaiid of 
Gentlemen Pensioners, of whicli band Wiiliatn Giffard, the Editor of the Quarterly 
Review, is Paj-master. The Courtown family, in Church and State, gels ^9,800 
a year. 

Stoughton, J. Foxley, r. Sparham, r. Sir J. Lambe. 

Strahan, G. Islington, v. /. Wilson. Kingsdowii, r. Bn. and Ch. of Ro- 


The Church. 

Strangways, Hon. and Rev. Ch. Kilmington, r. Maiden Newton, r. Lord 

Uncle of Lord Ilcheater, wlio is cousin of Sir T. Acland, and nepliew- in-law of tbe 
Duke if Athol. 

Strangways, H. Grimsted, West, r. Lord Ilchester. Moreton, r. James 

Strong, G. Disserth, p.c. Llansannan, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Strong, T. Clist, St. Mary, r. Mr. Strohg. Theberton, r. I'he King. 
Strong, W. Billinghay, v. with VV'alcot, c. Earl Fitzwilliam. Boling- 

l)roke, r. Dr. J. and Mrs. IVarren. 
Stuart, H. East Donyland, r. Parson Hcnitt. Bumstead Steeple, v. 

The King. 
Stuart, J. F. "Marl^et Weston, r. IF. Hill. Wliitney, r. T. Deiv. 
Slubbin, N. J. Higham, r. Somersliam, r, Olifton, r. Trustees. 
Suckling, B. Matlask, r. Plumstead, r. The King. 
Surtees, J. Banham, r. Tlie King. Taverham, r. Bp. of Norwich and 

Mrs. Braithivaijte. 
Surtees, M. Ccrney, North, r. Oxon. Swindon, v. The King. 

Both these Surtees are brothers-in-law of Lord Eldon. J. Suitees is Prebendary of 
Bristol. M. Surtees is Prebendary of Canterbury. Another M. V. Surtees, brother- 
in-law of the Lord Chancellor, is provided for as Commissioner of Bankrupts, and 
has a reversion of the Office of Register of Affidavits. 

Sutton, C. Aiburgh, r. Sir H. Hill. Holme, v. Thornham Bishops, v. 

Bp. of NorxvicJi. Norwich, St. George, Toinbland, r. Bp. of Ely. 

Sutton, E. L. High Haldeii, r. Owre, c. Preston, v. St. Peter's, v. Abp. 

of Cant. 
Sutton, J. L. Weekley, r. Oakley, Little, r. Duke Bucclcugh. 
Sutton, K. Fulfoid, c. Mr. Key. York, St. Michael, r. The King. 
Sutton, T. Sheffield, v.— St. Peter, c. P. Gclljor this turn. 
Sutton, T. M. Chart, Great, r. Chartham, r. Jbp. of Cant. 

There are several Suttcms with lucrative |)refertncnts in catlicdrals. ]\Iost of them, 
but we cannot discover how many, are nearly related to the JMost Reverend Father 
in God, the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Manners Suttnn. The Arch- 
bishop is supposed to he the son of Lord George Sutton, and, like many other tioble 
jjersons, was indebted for his education to the Charter-House, which opulent foundation 
was ori^i»«//i/ intended only for the "maintenance and education of i>oore chil- 
dren," and "the relief of pooie, falherless, decrepit, aged, sick, inlinn, and im- 
potent persons." On entering holy orders His (irace obtained some ecclesiastical 
preferment, and soon after, by his affinity to the Rutland family, was raised to the See 
of Norwich, with which dignity he was permitted to hold the Deanery of Windsor. 
On the death of Archbishop Alonre, in lfc04, his Lordhsip, by the special favour of 
the late King, was elevated to his present higli station. It is observable that a sliort 
time before the following panegyric on liis Grace appeared in the " Pnr.mitsof Litera- 
ture," a work ascribed to Mr. Mathias, late Privy Clerk to her jNlajcsti' : — " He is a 
prelate whose auiiable demeanour, useful learning, and conciliating habits of life, par- 
ticularly recommend his episcopal character. No man appears to me so peculiarly 
marked out for the higliest dignity of the Church, scffe vacante, as Dr. Sutton." This 
puff direct, and the writer, availing himself of th(se favourable opportunities which 
his situation allbrded, is supposed to have materially contributed to the sudden exal- 
tation of the Archbishop. Ills Grace married the daughter of Thumas Tlwroton, Esq. 
who has brought him thirteen children, eleven of whom are females. One of Jiis sons 
is Speaker of the Lower House; the other is Colonel in the Guards. His Grace's 
patronage, exclusive of his immense income, is one hundred thirty-one livings, an 


" ' ' ...... . m <. ■! 

The Church. 

archdeaconry, and three prebends. Out of this fund his Grace has been able to 
provide handsome portions for his daughters, most of whom have married Clergymen. 
The Rutland and Manners families get upwards of ^88,000 a year from Church and 
State. For an account of the various sources from which this immense revenue is de- 
rived, and of the numerous preferments conferred by the Archbishop on the members 
of his own family, see pages 175 and 224. 

Swan, F. Winteiingham, v. Parson Savile. Lincoln, St. Peter, r. — St. 
Peter at Goats, c. Prebendary. Kiiton, v. with Brothertoft, c. Mer- 
cers' Compamj, London. 

Swann, C. Edmondthorpe, r. The King. Ridlington, r. Sir G. N. Noel. 
Marlow, Great, v. Dti. and Ch. of Gloucester. 

Swanston, S. W. Ashby with Haylagston, r. Bp. of Nortvich. 

Swanton, F. W. Hillington, p.c. Rev. Sir C. Rich. Stratton, r. Oxon. 

Swayne, G. Westerleigh, c. with Puckiechuich, v. with Abston, c. Dn. 
and Ch.of Wells. Hockley, v. Oxon. Langridge, r. Mrs. Blaith- 

Syer, B. B. Keddington, r. Mr. Syer. Little Waldingheld, v. Dr. Syer. 

Syer, T. B. Wratting, Great,— Little, r. Br. Syer. 

Sykes, C. Hilstoii, r. Ross, r. Incumbent. 

Symons, J. Feocke, St. v. Bp. of Exon. Gennis, St. r. Sir W. Moles- 

Talbot, C. Wimborne, All Saints with St. Giles, r. Lord Shaftesbury. 

Talbot, J. Hailing, r. Howling, IV. If^yndham. 

Talbot, T. S. Norwich, St. Mary Coslany, r. Lord Townsend. Troston, 
r. Carlton, St. Peter, r. The King. 
There is an A. C. Talbot is Dean of Salisbury. An Hon. and Rev. J. C. Talbot is Rector 

of Ingestry. One of the Talbots is brother-in-law of the Diihe of St. Alban's; two more 

are related to Lord Talbot, whose family connexions, in England and Ireland, hold 

preferments to the amount of ^'48,000 a year. Messrs. Cartwright, M.P. Goulburn, 

M.P. and Chetwynd, M.P. are relations. 

Tanner, R, Chulmleigh, r. Parson Hole, King's Nympton, r. Parson 

Tanqueray, E, Tempsford, r. The King. Tingrith, r. Jilr. Trevn. Ridge- 
mont, V. Sequest. 

Tate, J. Downholm, p.c. Marsk, r. /. Hutton. 

Tatham, R. Addingham, v, Dn. and Ch. of Carlisle. Colkirk, r. Mr. 

Tatham, R. Stlbbard, r. W. Ainge. Bishopston, r. Merbourn Hosp. 

I'attersall, W. D. Wooton-under-Edge, v. Ch. Church, Oxon. West- 
bourne, r. Parson Hull. 
Magistrate of the county of Gloucester, and a respectable man. The Pluralist 

had the good sense to treat with silent contempt a fanatical attack made upon him by 

the Rev. Rowland Hill, for suffering a company of comedians to perform in his 


Taylor, E. Hayes, r. T. and J. Graham. Luston, r. T. Tatum. 
Taylor, H. Spridlington, r. Mrs. Mead. West Ogwell, r. P. J. Taylor. 

Liddington, v. Rev. R. Taylor. 
Taylor, J. Stourbridge, c. Chapelry. Snitterfield, v. Bp. of Worcester. 

CoppuU, c. Parson Perryn. 
Taylor, M. D. Langton, Great, r. The King. Moreton Corbett, r. Sir 

A. Corbett. 



The Church. 

Taylor, R. East Giinstead, v. Lord Whitworth. Liddington, r. The 

Taylor, K, King's Soinborne, v. with Stockbridge, c Little Somborne, 

c. Sir Rd. Taylor. 
Tenii>lar, J. Paignton, v. Mr. Templar. Teigngrace, r. Sir J. IV. Pole. 

Colhinipton, v. Rev. W. Grey. 
Templar, G. H. Sliapwick, v. with Ashcott, c. Incumbent. Thornford, 

r. Mrs. Safnpson. 
Tennyson, G. Benningwoitii, r. R. Ainslie. Grimsby, v. G. R. Heneage. 
. Somersby, r. R. Burton. 

'I'erry, M. Diimmer, r. Terry. Weild, p.c. Lord Portsmouth. 

Thackeray, J. R. Wiggenhall, St. Mary Magd. v. Mrs. Garforth. Down- 

ham-Market, r. Miss Franks. 
Tiiistlethwayle, A. Broughton, r. with Bossington, c. Titherlcy, West, r. 

R. Thistletliwayte. 
Thomas, E. Vaynor, r. Biitton Ferry, c. The King. Sheffington, r. Aber- 

avon, V. with Baglund, c. Lord Fernon. 
Thomas, E. Biilesdon, v. with Goadby, c. and Rolleston, c. Parson 

Green. Llangwym, v. Prebendary. 
Thomas, J. Bolton-in-the-yands, v. Bp. of Chester. Lancaster, St. John, 

c. Wyersdale, c. Fie. of Lancaster. Clarbeston, c. Lord Milford. 

Haverford West, St. Mary, v. Corp. of Plaverford. Llanfihangel, 

near Uske, r. Sir S. B. Fludyer. Kemmys Com^ p.c. Mr. Gore. 

Walton, East, c. Lord Milford. 
Thomas, J. G. Bodiam, v. Wartling, v. Sir G. Webster. 
Thomas, J. Kcnnarth, v. witii Newcastle-in-Emblyn, v. Bp. of St. David's. 

Elmswell, r. E. IVarner. 
Thomas, R. Collwlnston, v. D. Thomas. Itton, r. IV. Curre. 
Thomas, T. Kingswood, c. Inhabitants. CJolford, p.c. Bp. of Gloucester. 

Tiddenham, v. Dulace, c. Ewys Harrold, p.c. St. Hilary, v. Isham 

Up, r. Bp. of St. David's. 
Thomas, T. S. J. Begelley, r. with Williamston, c. and ReynoUlstown, c. 

Lord Milford. 
Thomas, V. Stoneleigii, v. The King. Duntsbourn Rouse, r. 0.ron. 

Yarnlon, v. Sir li. Dashivood. 
Tiiompson, (J. Bramley, v. Milford, v. with Ilordle, c. Oxon. 
Thompson, H. Mistley, r. with Manningtree, c. F. II. Rigby. Preston, 

Long, V. Oxon. 
Thompson, J. Framplicld, v. Earl Thanct. Meopham, v. Abp. of Cant. 

lieanor, v. The King. 
Thompson, J. Newton, c. with Nunthorpe, c. T. Simpson. Easton, v. 

John, St. c. Prebendary. Liillini;stone, r. ^V; T. Dyke. Warden, 

V. with Haydon, c. Mrs. Hopkins. 
Thompson, J. Langtoft, v. Prebendary. Ruriorili, v. Mrs. Thompson. 

York, St. Martin Micklegate, r. G. Eurle. Gotham, c. Prcb. of 

Thompson, J. Lanchester, v. with Salley, c. and Ash, c. Bp. of Dur- 
Thompson, J. B. Shropham, v. Corp. of Norivich. Thompson, c. M. 

Ilclhersctt. l.iuldexlon, r. Rev. T. Thompson. 
Thompson, R. S. Askani Kicliaul, v. — Bryan, c. Mr. Thompson. Myton, 

V. Abp. of York. 


The Church. 

Thompson, W. BiHesby, v. R. R. Pennington. Farinvorlh, c. Rev. T. 

Thornes, W. Alberbury, v. witli Cructon, c. Oxon. Cartleston, r. Sir 

R. Leighton. 
Thonihill, B. Asliford, p.c. Parson Hodgson. Wiiister, c. Freeholders. 
Thornhill, J. Staiiidrop, p.c. Cockfield, r. Lord Darlington. 
Thornton, R. Cold Ashby, r. Mrs. Thornton. Weeden Beck, v. Exe- 
cutors of M. Thornton. 
Thorold, G. Rauceby, v. Bp. of Lincoln. Marston, r. with Hougham, 

r. Sir J. Thorold. 
Thorold, M. Haydon, with Kelby, v. with Calveithorpe, c Prebendary. 

Aunisby, r. M. Neivton. 
Thoroton, C. Roos, Screveton, r. Mr. Thoroton. Llansantfraed yn Me- 

chian, r. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Thoroton, L E. Bridgeford West, r. Colwick, r. J. Musters. 
Thorpe, T. Burton Overy, r. Rev. W. Lee. Carlton Curlieii, r. with 

Ilton, c. Sir J. Palmer. Wilford, r. J. Thorpe. 
Thorpe, W. Stetchworth, v. R. Eaton. Sandford, v. J. Taylor. 
Threlkeld, P. Milburn, c. Earl Thanet. Sutton Veny, r. Mr. Thring. 
Thurlow, E. Haskby, r. Lound, v. Parson Anguish. 
Thurlow, E. S. Eastwn, r. The King. Houghton-le-Spring, r, with Pen- 

shaw, c. Bp. of Durham. Stamfordham, v. with Riall, c. The King. 
Thurlow, J. Chelniondiston, r. The King. Gosfield, v. E. Nugent. 

E. S. Tlnirhw is Prebendary of Norwich. The Pluralists are brotliers of Lord 
Thurlow, and the sous of tiie late Dr. Thomas Thurlow, Bishop of Durham, brother 
of the Lord Chancellor Thurlow. The Bishop's wife was a woman of low extraction, 
and when he married her had not received the least education. As the Chancellor, 
who was himself the son of a Norfolk parson, had no legitimate issue, he procured a 
settlement of his title on the sons of the Bishop ; he also loaded these sons with pre- 
ferments in Church and State. The present Lord Thurlow is Law Clerk of the Pre- 
sentations in the Petty Bag-Office, Patentee of the Bankrupts' Office, Clerk of the 
Custody of r.unatics, one of the Clerks of the Hanaper, and one of the Prothono- 
taries of the Court of Chancery in reversion, 'i'lie total value of these sinecures is 
not less than ^6000 a-year. Yet, what are the public ser^fcesof the Noble Lord ? We 
never heard of any performances entitled to public remuneration, unless it were some 
bad poetr^', and still worse translations, which his Lordship was so ill-advised as to 
publish. The Noble Lord received his education at the Charter House Charity. In 
1814, he married Miss Bolton, an actress at Covent-Garden Theatre, and the daughter 
of an attorney in Long-Acre. 

Thursby, G. A. Abington, r. Penover, v. /. H. Thursby. 

Tickell, J. A. Castle Acre, v. T. IF. Coke. Hempstead, v. Wighton, v. 
Dn. and Ch. of Norzvich. 

Tiffin, W. Hayton, v. Mattersey, v. Heydon, c. Abp. nfYork. 

Till, J. Hayes, r. Orpington, r. Abp. of Cant. 

Tilney, H. Hockwold, r. with Wilton, v. Camb. 

Timbrell, J. Beckford, v. with Ashton Underbill, c T. Timbrell. Bret- 
forten, v. Incumbent. 

Tinsley, W. C. Bolsover, v. Duke Portland. Scarcliffe, v. Duke Devon- 

Tireman, T. Acomb, v. Jl^aller. York, Micklegate, c. Dn. and Ch. 

Toogood, J. J. Milslon, r. Parson Bowles. Broad Hinton, v, St. Nic. 
Hoap. Sannn., 


The Church. 

Topping, T. Iwerne Minster, v. witii Handley, c. Hargrove, c. Hinton, 

St. Mary, c. Dn. and Cns. of JVindsnr. 
Torr, N. Aldbrougli, v. Rise, r. The King. 

Torr, J. Catwick, r. The King. Leigh, West, v. Dn. and Ch. of Exon. 
Tottie, H. Etchingliani, r. Mrs. Lade. Wyken, p.c. Lord Craven. 
Totton, W. J. Debden, r. R. M. ChisivelL Meldrelh, v. Dn. and Cli. 

of Ely. 
Tournay, W. Denton, r. Oxon. Eastbiidge, r. Abp. of Cant. IJopt-, 

All Saints, r. The King. Hougham, v. ylbp. of Cant. 
Towne, L. Utterby, v. Incumbent. Brampton, v. Liddington, v. witli 

Caldecot, c. Frcbendan/. 
Townley, G. S. lotham, v.' Mr. Fenn. London, St. Stephen Walbrouk, 

r. — St. Benet Sheerhog, r. The King and Grocers' Coinp. alt. 
Townley, J. Gavwood, r. Stradset, v. fT. Bagg. 
Townley, W. Orpington, St. Peter, v. with Cray, St. Mary, c. ami Downe, 

c. Jbp. of Cant. 
Townsend, C! Bromvvich, West, r. Calstone, r. ^Jarq. Lansdoivne. Durs- 

ton, c. Chapelry. 
Townsend, H. llmington, r. 'Mr. Tozvnsend. Lnxlev, v. The King. 
Townsend, J. C. Alkerton, r. Incumbent. Ickford, r. li. Tozinsend. 

Wroxton, c. witii Balscot, v. Lord Guildford. 
Townsend, K. L. Bishop's Cleeve, r. witli Sloke Orchard, c. Incumbent. 
Townsend, T. Aisthorpe, r. with West Thorpe, v. Mrs. Mangles. 
Townshend, E. Brav, v. Bp. of Oxon. Ilenlev, r. Mrs. CorniLallis. 
Townshend, Eight Hon. and Rev. Lord Fred. Stiffkey, r. Morston, r. 

Marq. Townshend. 
Uncle of Lord Townshend, whose family get about ^10,000 of the public money. 
H. Hudson, JM.P. is brother-in-law of the Marquis. 

Treadway, L. Gay ton, v. Bp. of Norwich. Westwick, r. John B. Tekc. 
Trebeck, T. Wath, All Saints, v. with Brainpton-Bierlow, c. Adwick, c. 

Tredcroft, E. Itchingfield, v. A'. Tredcroft. Piidborough, r. Lord Egrc- 

Tredcroft, R. Combes, r. Shipley, c Lord Egremont. 
Trefusis, J. St. Colunib Major, r. H. Hoare. Southill, r. Lord Clinton. 
Tremayne, W. Hereford, All Saints, and St. Mart. v. with BuUinghani, 

c. Dn. and Cns. of Windsor. 
Tremenhere, W. St. Madron, v. with Morvah, c. and Penzance, c. H. 

Chaplain in the Navy. 
Trevelyan, G. Treborongh, r. Nottlecombe, r. Huisli Cham, r. Sir J. 

Trevelyan. Stogiiniber, v. with Bickneller, Dn. and Ch. of f^clts. 
Trevelyan, W. Henbury, v. with Northwick, c. Aiist, c. Lord Mid- 

Gtorge Trevelyan is Arclidcacoii of Taunton ; 11'. Treitlyan is Fellow of Si. .lohn's 
College, Cambridge. 

Trevenon, J. Creed, St. r. with Grampoinid, c. R.Johns. 
Trevelhan, R. Shebbeare, v. Sheepwash, c. The King. 
Trevor, T. Trevor. Eastham, v. West Kirby, r. Dn. and Ch. of Chester. 
Treweke, G. St. Menver, v. W. Sandys. Nianselgamage, v. Sir J. G. 



The Church. 

Tripp, J. Barnham, v. Bp. of Chichester. Waltham, r. Lord Egremont. 

Tripp, R. Kentisbeaie, r. Kewe, u. Hon. P. C. IVyndham. 

Trivett, W. Arlington, witii Willingdon, v. Rev. C. Coldcall. Aslibiiru- 

hain, V. witli Penhurst, v. Lord Ashburiiliam. 
Trollope, T. D. Frome Vaugh-Church, with Batcombe, r. Hartford, v. 

The King, 
A Bev. A. W. Trollope is Rector of Coin Engain, and Head Master of Clirist's 
Hospital. The rectory is in the gift of the Hospital. Anotlier 11. Trollope is Rector 
of Harrington, in the patronage of Mrs. Buckwonli. 
Trotman, E. Radway, v. Ratley, v. The King. Chesterton, c. Lord 

fFitloughby de Broke. 
Troyte, E. Huntsham, r. /r. Troyte. Puckingfon, r. Bp. of Bath by 

Tucker, A. Catherston Lewston, r. W. Dreivc. Wooton Filzpaine, c. 

Parson Fox. 
Tucker, J. Kingsdown, r. Mr. Tucker. Widwoitliy, r. /. T. Ufarxvnod. 

Wooton, North, c. Lord Digby. 
Tucker, M. Harpford, v. Lord Rolle. Sheldon, d. W. Dreive. 
Tucker, S. Borden, v. J. Musgrove. Markshall, r. F. Honeyivood. 
Tuffnell, S. J. Hunston, v. North Mundham, v. IV. Brereton. 
Tunstall, M. Belper, r. Turnditch, c. Parson Barber. 
Turberville, G. Hanley Castle, v. E. Lechmere. Bromsberrow, r. Lord 

Turmine, H. Minster, d. Sheerness, c. Mrs. Eyre. 
Turner, E. Noke, r. Duke Marlbro' . Evedon, r. Mrs. Nesbett. 
Turner, G. Monewdon, r. C. Achdeckne. Kettleborcugh, r. R. Sparrozv. 
Turner, G. Spelsbury, v. Hook Noiton, c. Camb. Wragby, witii Tor- 

rington, East, v, E. Turner, 
Turner, J. Hagley, r. with Frankley, c St. Kenelm, c. Lord LAttleton. 

Chelwood, r. Bp. of Bath and iVells. Lockington, r. Incumbent. 
Turner, J. Sudbourn, r. with Offord, c. The King. Sherston, Great, r. 

with Alderton, c. Dn. and Ch. oj Gloucester. 
Turner, R. Yarmouth, p.c. Dn. and Ch. of Nomich. Ormesby, St^ 

Marg. and St. Mich. v. Swelling, r. Scroteby, c. Incumbent. 
Turner, S. Atyenborough, v. with Branicote, c. F. Foljainbe. Torring- 

ton, West, w. Bp. of Lincoln. RathweW, r. Lord Middleton. Tealby, 

V. G. Tennyson. 
Turnor, G. Panton, r. Milton Earnest, v. E. Turn'^r. 
Tutte, F. Shering, r. Oxon. Henham-on-the-Hill, v. Mr. and Mrs. 

Tweed, J, Capel, St. Mary, r. R. Powell. Hintlesham, r. ir. Deanc. 

Wenham, Lit. r. R. Powell. 
Twisleton, T. J. Blackesley, v. Mrs. flight. Woodford, r. Lord St. John. 
Chaplain to the EaW o/" GiaW/()rrf, and Archdeacon of Colombia, in the island of 
Ceylon, in the East Indies ! The Pluralist is brother of Lord Say and Sele, and ob- 
tained his India appointment by means of T. Gishorn, his son-in-law's father, who holds 
a civil office in Ceylon. How the Hon. and Rev. Pluralist manages to discharge his 
spiritual duties at places so distant it is impossible to imagine. He is the author, 
however, of a sermon on Self -Sufficiency ; but of course it is no pioof of this quality 
in a poor mortal having the care of souls at two places 10,000 miles asunder. 

UhthofF, H. Aldham, r. Sir J. Fanneck. Cookley, r. with Huntingfield,. 
r. Lord Huntingfield. 


The Church. 

Umpleby, J. Arniin, c. Yarboroiigli, r. H. Yarburgh. 

Underwood, T. Pipe, v. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. Wolhope, v. Ross, 

r. and v. B]). of Hereford. 
Upton, J. Beerciocombe, r. with Copeland, c. Lord Egretnoiit. Stock- 

iinch Magdalen, r. It. Dent. 
Urquhart, I). Broadmayne, r. Knighton, r. AJr. Browne. 
Vaipy, E. Swardeslon, v. J. Stewart. Tliwaite, All Saints, r. Walsham 

St. Mary, v. Bp. of Norivich. 
Master of tlie Granimar-Scliool at Norwich, and brotlirr of Dr. R. Vulpy, rector 
of Stradisliall, and IMastcr of the Gramniar-Scliool at Reading. The sou of this last 
was lately Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, and is now conductor of an exten- 
sive printing concern in London. 

Vane, R. M. Lovvick, r- Islip, r. Duke of Dorset. 

Vansittart, W. Waltliam Abbas, v. with Shottesbrook, r. Mr. Fansittart. 
Relation of the late Chancellor of the Exchequer. The Ex-Chancellor's grand- 
fatlier-in-law was a parson, the late lieu. Sir James Stonehouse. 
A'ardy, E. Yelvertolt, r. Lord Craven. Market-Harborough, c. Oxon. 
Vaiighan, E. T. Foston, r. T. H. Lamb. Leicester, St. Martin, v. The 

Chaplain to Lord St. Jolin. He is the son of a Barrister of Leicester, and is an 
'Evangelical Divine. 
Vaughan, P. Oflley, High, v. Prebendary. Oxford, St. John Baptist, c. 

Merton College. 
Vause, J. Liverpool, Cii. Ch. c. /. Houghton. Garston, c. R. IVatt. 
Vaux, W. Critchell Long, r. H. C. Start. Moor, r. Sir G. Napier. 

Siitton-Waldron, r. H. C. Start. 
Venables, R. Clyroe, v with Llanbadarn y Gareth, c. Bp. of St. David's. 

Lezyate and VVicken Ash, r. Bp. of St'. David's. Llausafiaed, v. Mrs. 

Verelst, A. C. Withycomb, r. and v. T. Hatton. Wadworth, v. Lnprop. 

of IVadworth. 
Vernon, L. V. llollibury, r. Kirkby-ii:-Clevc!, r. Abp. of York. 
Vernon, W. Venables, liishop's Thorpe, v. Etton, r. ylhp. of York. 

Four more Vernnus with valuable preferments. They belong to the family of 
the Archbishop of York, Edward Venables Vernon. L. T. Vernon is Chancellor 
and Prebendary of York. The I'enu/jies are also relations of the Archbishop, 'i'he 
Right Rev. Prelate is the younger sou of Lord Vernon by his third wife, the sister of 
the first Lord Ilurcourt. He married a sister of the Marquis of Stafford, by whom he 
has several children, all well provided in Church and Stale. The first preferment of 
the Bishop was a Canonry in Christchurch ; he was next advanced to the Bishopric of 
Carlisle on the removal of Douglas to Salisbury; and, in 1807, he succeeded Mark- 
ham in the See of York. His patronage is 80 livings, 50 prebends, besides precen- 
torships and sub-diaconries. He has opposed the Catholic Petitions, considering 
them as a claim to political power, which he very probably thinks has nothing to do 
with religion ; though the worthy Prelate cannot see the mote in his own eye and that 
of his brethren, who not unfrecpienily blend religion with secular allairs, and make it 
subservient to spiritual ambition. 

Vevers, R. Saxby, r. Lord Harbro\ Stoke Albany, r. Wilbarstoin, v. 

Lord Sondes. 
Vickers, J. Swanington, r. Wood Dalling, v. Oxon. 
Vickers, W. Chetton, r. with Deuxhill, r. and Glazely, c. T. Vickers, sen. 


The Church. 

Vince, S. Kirkby Bedon, r. and — Mary's, v. Sir J. Berney. Creake, 
S. V. Lord 'Tounshend. 

Son of the Rev. S. Vince, Archdeacon of Bedford, and Professor of Astronomy in 
Vincent, E. Rowde, v. R. Vincent. Bromfield, v. Bp. of Carlisle. 

Vincent, W. St, Andrew, London, Allhallows, Great, r. Less, c. 

Abp. of Cant. 

Son of the late Br. Vincent, who was Head Master of VVeslrainster School, Dean 
of Wtstminsler, King's Chaplain, and Rector of Allhallows. The son has apparently 
succeeded to most of his lather's preferments. The Doctor was a protege of Lord 
Sidmouth, from whom lie received a Prebend in the Collegiate Church of Westminster. 
He preached and published several Loyal Sermons, which were carefully distributed 
by the Association for the " Protection of Property," at the Crown and Anchor 
Tavern. ^ 

Vivian, J. W. London, St. Austin, Watling-street, r. witli St. Faith, r. 

Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. 
Voorst, H. Van Steeple, v. with Stangate, v. Sir R. E. Bridges. 
Waddilove, Very Rev. Robert Dailey, Rippon Deanery, Bnrton Cherry, 

r. R. Moxon. Tnpciiife, v. with Dishforth, c. Dn. and Ch. of York. 
Dean of Pvipon and Prebendary of York. 

Waddilove, W. J. D. Kirkhampton, c. Rev. R. D. IFaddilovc. Cawood, 

c. Preb.of Wistow. Wibtow, v. E. Palmer. 
Waddington, G. Northwold, r. Bp. of Ely. Blaby, r. Countesthorpe, c 

The King. 
Wade, W. Corley, v. Stivichall, c. F. Gregory. 
Wade, W. Lilley, r. Camb. Lnpington, v. Dn. and Ch. of Ely. 
Wagstaff, J. S. Barkston, v. Plungar, v. Duke of Rutland. 
Wait, G. D. Shirehampton, c. with Westbury 'on Trim, p.c. Mr. Ed- 
ward and Rev. J. Baker alt. Blagdon, r. G. Thome. 
Wait, W. P. Chew Stoke, r. Norton Malreward, r. Incumbent. 
Wake, H. Mere, v. Dn. of Sarum. Over Wallop, r. Lord Portsmouth. 
VVakeham, H. Culford, r. with Ingham, r. Bp. of Lichfield and Coventry. 

Westow, r. Marq. Cormvallis. 
Walfovd, E. Gibbs, Shotswell, v. Elsfield, v. Lord Guildford. 
Walford, W. Stratton, r. Camb. Bucklesham, r. Mr. fValford. Riui- 

well, St. r. C. Rous. Norwich, St. Clem. r. Camb. Colch. St. 

Riimbald, r. C. Round. 
Walker, A. J. Bishopstone, r. Yazer, v. U. Price. 
Walker, J. Cottered, r. Misses Jones. Withersfield, v. Cajnb, 
Walker, R. Galby, r. Norton, by Galby, v. with Little Stratton, c. Rev. 

H. Greene. 
Walker, R. Eaton, v. The King. Dunton, v. Lord Spencer. Swindale, 

c. iMrd Lonsdale. 
Walker, T. Standon, v. His IVife Wolverhampton, St. Peter, p.c. Dn. 

of Windsor. 
Walker, W. Chichester, St. Pancras, r. Parson Bliss. Wyke Rumbold, 

V. Dn. of Chichester. Wymondley, Lit. c. Camb. 
Walker, W. Sturston, r. Marq. Cormvallis. Layham, r. Camb. Bas- 

singham, r. Lord Anson. liketshall, St. John," v. The King. Monk 
Silver, r. Dn. and Cns. of Windsor. 


Tlie Church. 

Wall J. Hales, p.c. Hcckingham, c. with Mundhain, c. Norton Sub 

course, c. Kaveningham, c. T. S7>i/lh. 
Wallace, J. M. Great Braxted, r. Ccwib. Sandon, v. Dn. and Ch. of St 

AV^aller, H. Farniington, r. E. Waller: Hazlelon, r. Emwortli, c. Yan 

worth, c. The King. 
Waller, J. Sulliampstead Abbey, r. Choral, Sani/7i's Cath. —Bannister, r 

Wallett, G. Berrow, p.c. Dn. and Ch. of Worcester. Charlton-Abbotts 

c. F. Pi/son. 
Wallis, 11. Blanchland, c Bp. Crezv's Trust. Shield's, c. Dn. and Ch. of 

Walls, J. Kirby, East, v. T. Thornhill. Gay ton Lewold, r. The King. 
Walmsley, T. 'r. London, St. Mic. LeQiierne, r. St. Vedast, r. ^bp. of 

Can't, and Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's; Jbp. this turn. Hanwell, r. 

Bp. of London. 
Walond, R. Weston under Penyard, r. Dilwyn, v. Bp. of Hereford. 
Walpole, R. Mannington, r. Tivetshall, r. Ilteringhani, r. Lord Orford. 

Related to Lord Orford, tlie Patron. 

Walter, W. Abbotsham, v. The King. Biddeford, r. J. J. Fortescue. 
Walters, M. Crassweii, c. Parson Nosers. Vaynor, r. The King. 
Walwyn, R. Holm Lacy, v. Bolston, c. Duke Norfolk. 
Ward, IL Thurrock, Lit. r. J. Univin. Havering Bow, c. J. Ileaton. 
Ward, J. Occold, r. Tl'. IVhincopp. Stoke Ash, r. Mr. Cole. 
Ward, M. Lapley, v. Aston Wheaton, c. /. Swinton. 
Ward, R. R. Derby, St. Pet. v. Sutton-on-the-Hill, v. The King. 
Ward, T. Neston, V. Handley, r. Dn. and Ch. of Chester. Weston-under- 
Wetherley, v. /T. Heapy. 
Prebendary of Chester. See Ward, IM.P, 

Ward, 1\W. Sharnbrook, v. The King. Felmersham, v. with Paven- 

ham, V. Camb. 
Ward, VV. Alphamstone, r. The King. Horskesley, Great, r. Lady Grey. 
Waring, W\ Southampton Jesus, p.c. A Free Chapel. — St. Mary, r. 

Mr. and Mrs. Silvestre. 
Warnford, S. W. Liddiard, r. Bour(on-on-the-Hiil, r. with Moreton-in- 

Marsh, c. and Slaughter, Lower, c. S. fr. Warnford. 
Warner, J. Lee, Walsingham, c. — St. Peter, c. — Little, d. Houghton, 

V. D. H. Lee Warner. 
Warren, Dawson, Edmonton, v. with Southgate, c. Dn. and Ch. of St. 


This is the gentleman noticed in p. H8 of the Black Book, as having a child on the 
charitable foundation of Christ's Ilospilal, wliilc he had a living worth ^'1200 a-year. 
Owing to the discussion which tliis circumstance created in tlic Common Couucil, the 
child was dismissed. 

Warren, H. Ashington, r. ]\Irs. Williams. Farnham, v. Archd. of Surrey. 

Warren, J. Coppenford, r. witii Upton, c. Lord Beaulieu. 

Warren, J. Fundenhall, c. Mr. Berney. 'Vaconelston, r. Per. T. Warren. 

Wroot, V. The King. 
Warren, W. H. Great Budworlh, v. 0.ion. Grecnslcad, r. Bp. of London. 


The Church. 

Warrington, G. Eastwyn, v. Bp. of St. Asaph. Pleasley, r. B. Thorn- 
Warry, T. Berwick, r. J. Nexvman. Giasbury, v. Bp of Gloucester. 
Wartnaby, T. Knoston, r. Jas. Massot, Surgeon. Irby-in-the-Marsh, c. 

Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. 
Waterhouse, J. Stewl<ley, Little, r. M. Taylor. Coton, r. Camb. 
Waters, W. T. Sempringhani, v. with Pointon, c. anil Birthorpe, c. The 

Watkin, J. B. Little Brickhill, r. Ahp.ofCant. Cnixeaston, r. J.Smith, 

M.D. Marshlield. v. Ox.m 
Watkins, G. N. Long Sutton, p.c. with Sutton St. Edm. c. and St. Jam. 

c. R. Pottenger. Tisted, East, r. Rev. C. H. Watkin-i. 
Watkins, H. Barnburgh, r. Southwell College. Coaisbrougii, v. Abp. of 

Watkins, H. G. London, St. Mary Bothaw, r. St. Swithia's, r. Dn. and 

Ch. of Cant, and IV. Sharpe alt. ; Sliarpe this turn. 

Lecturer of St. Dunstan's in the West. The Pluralibt is the son of an auctioneer in 
Holborn, and was originally intended for the same profession, but preferring the 
ecclesiastical pulpit he was sent to Oxford, where he took his degrees. He is the 
author of a Thanksgiving Sermon on the occasion of the *' glorious Jubilcj|'' for " old 
George." ■'"'' 

Watkins, J. Clifton Campville, r. with Harleston, c. and Chilcot, J. 

Watkins, J. Durham, St. Giles, c. J. Tempest. Norham, v. CornhiU, 

c. Dn. and Ch. of Durham. 
Watkins, W. Brynllys, v. Bp. of St. David's. Fvackton, r. Dn. nndCh. 

of Chichester. 
Watson, C. G. Melton, r. Dn. and Ch. of Ely. Salcot Verley, r. Bp. 

of London. 
AVatson, Hon. and Rev. H. Carlton, r. with Oakley, Gt. c. Sir i. II. 

Watson, J. Coley, c. Ckapelry. Radwinter, r. /. Bullock. 
Watson, Ven. J.James, Digswell, r. Incumbent. Hackney, St. John, v. 

Mr. Tyssen. 

These Watsons are rtlicts of the late Dr. Watson, Bishop of Landaif, Arch- 
deacon of Ely, Rector of Knoptoft, Professor of Divinity in Cambridge, with 
the Rectory of Somersham, in Huntingdonshire, annexed. The Bishop had been 
tutor to the iale Duke of Rutland, who gave him the rectory of Knoptoft, and next 
exerted his influence for his advancement to the bishopric of I.andafF. Here the 
Prelate became stationary : his politics did not exactly accord vviiii the Toryism of 
the late reign, and the doctrines advanced by him in the American war and (hiring 
the French Revolution prevented his translation to a richer see. Neither his ambition 
nor his rapacity, however, were less than that of his brethren. In his Posthumous 
Memoirs he complains bitterly that his " jmblic services" had not been sufficiently re- 
warded, though possessed of the numerous preferments we have mentioned. He alsa 
declaims lustily against the statesmen of liis time, declaring that (hey " sacrificed 
their public principles to private ends, and their honour to their ambition," and that 
their " patriotism was merely a selfish struggle for power." In the latter opinions all 
men now coincide, unless those blinded by prejudice or personal attachment. 

Watson, R. Barlavington, r. Lord Egrefnont. Pentriche, v. Duke Devon" 
shire. Undv, v. Archd. of Landaff. 



The Church, 

Watson, R. Egdean, r. Lord Egremnnt. Ilardham, r. Bp. nf Chichester. 

Bradon, S^ r. Lord Egremont. Bristol Ch. with St. Owen, c. Corp. 

of Bristol. 
Watson, T. Edonliall, v. with Langwathby, c. Cossy, c. Dn. andCh. of 

Watson, T. Bilton, c. R. Thompson. Marfleot, c, W.Carleile. Thorne 

Gumbold, c. Cliapelnj. 
Watts, E. Bohihiirst, r. Cohnworth, r. W. M. Miilett. 
Watts, J. Weston Baggaid, v. Dn. and Ch. of Hereford. Ledbury, r. 

Watts, J. Easton Mawdit, v. Oxon. Paltishaii, v. The King and the Rev. 

T. C. Welsh alt. 
Way, W. Denliam, r. Hedgerley, r. B. Wai/. 
Wayett, T. H. Maltby-in-Marisco, r. Rev. J. Allott. Sutterby, r. The 

Wayland, D, S. Kelsey, North, r. Prehendanj. Kirton Uuulsey, v. Siib- 

dean of Lincoln. 
Weatherhead, W. Sherbourne, v. Bp. of Ely. Woolverton, r. H. Henley. 
Webb, J. Tretyre, r. with St. Mich. Church, c. Guy's Hospital. 
Webb, R;° Kensworth, v. London, St. Greg. r. — St. Mary Mag. r. Dn. 

and (3a. of St. Paul's. 

We have for the most part abstained from personal detail relative to the clergy. 
First, because to enter into the private history of tlie clergy would far exceed our 
limits. Secondly, because we had net materials for io doing, unless we chose to rely 
on reports and statements which we had no means of verifying. Lastly, and this is 
our principal reason, the best authenticated private details serve only to expose indi- 
viduals, not the system ; whereas our object has constantly been to expose the system, 
not the individuals composing it. The case, however, of the Rev. Mr. Webb is of a 
different character : it is recent, and rests on good authority : he is not ai» obscure 
hedge-parson, but a London Rector, King's Chaplain, Minor Canon, in short, fills 
almost every spiritual office in the Church. We shall take our account of him from 
the Police Report of the Morning Chronicle, March 29. 

Guildhall. — Several respectable inhabitants of the united parishes of St. Mary 
Magdalen, Old Fish-street, and St. Gregory by St. Vaul, attended before Sir C. 
Flower, the Silting Alderman, on Thursday, upon summonses obtained against them by 
INIr. Holland, the sequestrator of the living, to show cause why they refused to pay 
the rate assessed upon them under the statute commoidy called " The Fire Act," for 
the support and maintenance of their rector, the Rev. RicnARD Webb. 

No objection, it appeared, was made by the inhabitants either to the form or amount 
of the rate ; their resistance to the payment resting solely on the ground that the 
clerical duties of the parishes were not performed, and Mr. Godwin, of Paul's Chain, 
whose case was first called on, staled at some length the details of their complaints 
against the conduct of their Rector. For the last five years, with the exception of 
about three months, ihc Church, he said, had been almost constautli^ cloud on Sniidatf 
aftenuwus. The inhabitants In vestry had twice within that period elected an afternoon 
lecturer, who was to be ])aid by their voluntary contributions ; but although in each 
instance the Reverend Gentleman elected was a highly respectable clergyman of the 
Church of England, and eminently qualified for the duties of the sacred otiico, the 
Rector had, without deigning to assign the slightest reason for objeeiing to either of 
tiicm, refused the use of his pulpit, nud fotbid ihcir ptrformiiig anti kind of duiij in his 
Church; and as he did not attend iiim.seif, nor send any one to olVieiaie for hiiu, tlic 
parishioners %vere thus deprived of all religious instruction and ronsolaiion on Sunday 
afternoons. Nor were their spiritual concerna much better attended to in the forenoon. 
At one time, the Rector, upon his own authority, and to suit his own engagements, 


The Church. 

altered the hour for commencing divine service from a quarter before 11 o'clock to a 
quarter before 12, to the great inconvenience of the poorer classes of the inhabitants ; 
and at another they were left wltoUy to the care ot strangers, the Rev. Genllenian 
having transferred himself to the King's Bench, to take the benefit of the Insolvent Act; 
though, in addition to his income derived from their parishes, lie was in tiie receipt of 
profits from several other situations, being one of the Minor Cmans of St, Paul's, a 
Minor Canon of Westminster, one of the Priests in Ordinary to the Chapels Royal at St. 
James's and Windsor, Evening Reader at the Foundling Hospital, and holding also a 
living in Hertfordshire. As to visiting the sick, and other important duties not con- 
nected with the performance of divine worship, they were almost wholly neglected. 
Mr. Godwin was proceeding to animadvert upon the private life and conduct of the 
Rector, but was interrupted by 

The Alderman, who observed, he could take no cognizance whatever of the conduct 
of the Reverend Gentleman. If he neglected his clerical duties, the inhabitants had 
their remedy against him elsewhere, and could not urge such negligence as a legal 
plea for non-payment of the rate authorized by the Statute. 

Mr. Holland. — I am not here to defend the character of Mr. Webb; his living is 
sequestrated, and I am under bond to the Bishop of London to collect the rate assigned 
for his support, ^80 per annum of whicli I pay over to him, and the remainder I 
must account for to the Ordinary of the diocese. 

IMr. Godwin. — We have no unwillingness to support our clergyman if he performs 
his duty, but we do object to pay rates that Mr. AVebb may spend them in — - 

The Magistrate here again interfered, to prevent personal accusations, with which he 
had nothing to do, and intimated to the defendants that they must pay the rate de- 

Some objections at first arose to the payment of the expense of the summonses and 
hearing •, but on Mr. Payne, the IMagistrale's clerk, explaining that the amount went 
to the City Chamber, they submitted very willingly, several voices exclaiming " we 
don't care where it goes so that Mr. Webb don't get it.'' 

One of the defendants, Mrs. Hobden, a milkwonian, took objection to the payment 
upon a different ground. She was summoned there, she said, for the non-payment 
of 17s. 6d. a rate for the support of the Rector, and at the time he took the 
benefit of the Insolvent Act, he owed her upwards of ^'8 for milk, furnished for the 
nourishment and support of his children. She was a widow ivith three children of her 
own to support, and thought she had contributed her full share for the maintenance of 
the Rector and his family, and ought not to be compelled to contribute furtiier by the 
payment of this demand. 

Mr. Holland said, as tin; sequestrator, he had no authority to allow the debts of 
Mr. Webb as a set-oft" against the payment of the rate. It was, however, observed, 
that Mr. Webb himself was, in fact, the complainant, and against his personal demand 
this debt was, in equity at least, a fair set-off. The circumstances of this case, the 
Magistrate observed, were peculiarly hard, and he therefore recommended the parties 
to take it into their consideration, and with that view he declined making any order 

Here is a Borough Church Parson and Royal Priest for you — living in the King's 
Bench— taking the benefit of the Insolvent Act — and not even paying his milk-scores! 
There are many cases like Mr. Webb's, we daresay, but one is sufiicient to show 
the sort of persons the present system of the Church admits and patronizes within its 
bosom ! 

Webbet, C. Boxgrove, v. Duke Richmond. Felpham, r. Dn. and Ch. of 

Chichester . Tangmere, r. Duke Richmond. 
Webber, E. Bathealtoti, r. Bp. of Bath. Runnington, r. The King. 
Webber, S. Fonthill Bps, r. Bp. of IVinton. St. Teatli, v. Bp. of Exon. 
Webster, J. Mappersall, r, Camb. Thrimby, c. Parson Monkhouse. 


Tht Church. 

Webster, S. Claxton, v. Sir C. Rich. Norwich, All Saiuts, with St. 

Julian, r. S. Thornton. 
Webster, W. Blackmanstono, r. Abp. of Cant. Dymcliurcii, v. The 

Wcluy, J. Earle, Harston, r. The King. West Allington, r. Dn. and Ch. 

of Eton. Hacebv, r. IV. S. IVelby. btroxton, r. Sir .J. E. IVclby. 
Welby, Montague, Earle, Bennington, Long, r. The King. Newton, r. 

Sir W. E. Welby. Foston, c. Chapelry. 
Welch, T. C. Pattishall, v. The Kim^ and Parson ]Vclch alt. Shipton, 

r. 0x0 n. 
Welfitt, W. Elmstead, v. Hastingley, r. Jbp. of Cunt. Ticehur.4, v. 

Dn. and Ch. of Cant. 
AVeiler, J. Clandon, East, r. Lord King. Guildford, St. Mary with St. 

Trinity, r. The King. 
Welles, T! Prestbury, v. with Shullington, c. J. B. De la Bere. 

Wellesley, Hon. and Rev. Ger. Valerian, Chelsea, r 

Canon of St. Paul's, King's Chaplain, and Preacher at tlie Royal Cha|iel, Ilamp- 
ton-Coiirt. Brother of the Duke of Wellington, and brotiier-iu-law ot Lord Cadogan. 
The VVellingion family are estimated to get ^99,000 a-year from Church and State. 

Wells, G. Billinghurst, v. Sir H. Goring. Wiston, r. C. Goring. 
Wells, T. Badgworth, r. P. Tiinbrcll. Sluittingtoii, c. Chapelry. 
Wells, W. Allington, East, r. Miss Bury. Lissc, p.c. Lady C. T. Long. 
West, E. M. Clifton Maybank, r. E. Walter. Hay don, v.' Lord Digby. 
Three more Wests with one living each. Four of them are relatives of Lord Dela- 
wnr, wliose family get ^ 1J,200 a-year. 

West, H. Berwick, r. Jer. Sjnith. Laughton, v. Lo7'd Chichester. 
Westcomb, T. Piddletrenthide, v. Dn. and Ch. of Winton. Winton, St. 

Pet. Stoke, r. witli Winton, St. John, r. The King. 
Westcott, T. St. Nicholas, v. The King by lapse. Brent, v. W. Pack. 

Stoke in Tein Head, r. Bp. of Exon. 
Western, S. Hemingstone, r. Bp. of Noniich. Rivenhall, r. C. P. ires- 
Westmoreland, T. Buttermere, c. The Inhabitants. Sandal, Gt. v. with 

Chadelthorpe, c. Clitheroc Free School. 
Weston, C. F. Sonierby, r. The King. Melton Ro^s, c. Prebendary. 

Ruckland, r. with Farforth and Mardenwell, c. Lord Yarbro\ 
Weston, S. R. Thcrfield, r. Dn. and Ch. of St. Paul's. Kelshall, r. Bp. 

of Ely. Henipston, Lit. r. Tiie King. 
Wetherell, H. King>ton, v. ihi. of Hercjord. Kentchnrcli, r. The King. 
VVetherell, J. Leonhales, v. Bp\ oj Hereford. Thriixton, v. Dn. of 

Wetherell, J. Patchani, v. The King. Fishboiirn, r. Dn and Ch. of 

Chichester. Strratley, v. Bp. of'Sarnni. 
Wetherell, J. L. Rushton, St. Aiist". and St. Peters, r. Lord Cullen. 
V\ethere!l, R. Nolgrove, r. The King. Westbury, v. Gustos and P'ics. 

of Hereford. 
Wetherell, R. Newton Longville, r. ITinton College. Stanford-in-the- 

Valc, V. with Goosey, c. Dn. ami Ch. of IFestminsler. 
Another Wcthcnil it lleclor of B> field, and one of the Pluralislb is Prebendary of 


The Church. 

Hereford, The_y are relations of C. Wetherell, M.P. for Oxford, wlio is brother-in- 
law of Wilberforce, M.P. See the Key. 
Whalley, R. T. Yeovilton, r. Corston, v. Bp. of Bath. 

Several more Whalleys with one livnig each. One of them, the Rector of Hag- 
worthinghani, possessed considerable property at Mendip, in Somersetshire, but many 
years ago he sold his estate, and is now living in France ! 

Wharton, W. Gilling, v. Stanwick, St. James, v. J. Wliarton, M.P, 
Whatley, C. Aston Ingham, r, F. Laivson. Lea, c. Lower Guiting, v. 

Farmcote, c. Bp. of Gloucester. 
Wheelwright, C. A. Bjtham, r. Tansor, r. Bp. of Lichfield and Dn. 

and Ch. of Lin cv In alt. 
Whichcote, F. Aswarby, v. Deeping, E. v. Swarby, v. Sir T. Which- 

Whiciier, J. Cobb, Stopham, r. W. Smith. Babcarey, r. L.ord Stam- 

Whish, R. M. Bedminster, v. with Leigh-Abbotts, c. Bristol, St. Mary 

Redcliffe, v. — St. Thomas, c. Preh. of Sarum. 
Whistler, W. W. Hastings, All Saints, r. and St. Clements, v. Sir G. 

Webster. Newtimber, r. N. Neivnham. 
Whitaker, J. Aliton P'iekls, v, with Warslow, c. and Longnor, c. Sir H. 

Crezve. Elkstone, c. Trustees. 
Whitaker, T. Weybreud, v. Parson Edge. Mendham, v. Mrs. Whitaker. 

Sileham, v. Mias Barry. Stanford Dingley, r. Dr. Falpy. 
Whitaker, T. Blackburn, v. Abp. of Cant. Whalley, v. Mp. of York. 
Whitcomb, F. Ferring, v. Prebendary. Lodsworth, c. S. W. Pointz. 

Standlake, r. Oxon. 
While, C. Tewkesbury, v. The King. Hexton, v. W. Young. 
White, H. Chebsey, v. Redware Pipe, c. Dilhorn, v. Dn. and Ch. of 

White, J. Hardwick, r. Oxon. Hargrave, r. Chevington, r. Incumbent. 

Landford, v. D. Eyre. 
White, S. Maidforth, r. T. Barker. Conington, r. J. Hcathcote. 
White, S. Hampstead, c. Brightwell Ealdwyn, r. W. White. 
White, W. Teffont Ewias, r. T. Mayne. Lidlington, v. Earl Upper 

Whitehead, C. Eastiiam, r. with Hanley Child, c. and — William, r. and 

Orleton, c. Jncumbent. 
Whitehead, J. Kempsing, v. Seal, c. Earl Whitzvorth. 
Whitehmst, E. K. Westoning, v. Sir J. Everett. Newton, r. Camb. 
Whitley, E. Stowey, v. Bp. of Bath. Drelincourt, p,c. Bp. of St. Asaph. 
Whitmore, C. B. C. Stockton, r. Bonninghall, c. Sir T. B. Whitmore. 
Whittaker, T. D. Holme, c. Incumbent. Accrington, Old, c. Chapelry. 
Wliitler, T. Holcombe Rogus, v. P. Bluett. Nynipton, St. Geo. r. Sir 

T. D. Aclund, M.P. 
Whittingham, P. Sedgford, v. Martham, v. Norwich, St. Saviour, r. 

Dn. and Ch. of Norwich. 
Whorwood, T. H. Headington, r. T". M. Whorxvood. Marston, v. H. 

Wickham, T. Newington, North, v. Chute, v. with Knoyle, Lit. c. 

Yatton, V. Kenii, c Prebendary. 
Wiggett, J. Crudwell, r. Lord Hardwicke. Hankerton, v. Incumbent. 


The Church. 

Wigglesworth, H. Slaidburn, r. — St. Pet. c. J. Wiggltsworth. 

Wiglitman, J. Saltford, r. Duke Buckingham. Shrewsbury, St. Alkm. 
V. The King. 

Wigsell, A. W. Saunderstead, r. Warlingham, v. Chelsham, c. Incum- 

Wilcock, J. Brawdy, v. with Hayscastle, v. Bp. of St. David's. Castle 
Hays, c. /r. Scnurjfeld. Twinells, v. Ch. of St. David's. 

Wilcocks, W. W. Barney, v. Sir. J. H. Astleii. Norton Podding, r. T. 

Wilgress, J. T. Chalk, v. The King. Guinear, v, Bp. (f Exon. 

Wilkins, G. Lowdham, v. Nottingham, St. Maiy, v. Earl Manvers. 

Wilkins, T. Charlconib, r. Mayor and Corp. of Bath. Weston, v. The 

Wilkinson, F. Bardsey, v. Jas. Fox. Paxton, Great, v. and Little, c. 
Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. 

Wilkinson, J. Bubwith, v. The King. Kirk Ella, v. iY. Sijkes. Little 
Coldon, r. The King. Gatehelmsley, v. Ellerton, c. Prebendary. 

Wilkinson, J. Wretham, East, r.— West, r. Right Hon. T. IVallace, 
M.P. Button Bonville, c A. Hamnwnd. 

Wilkinson, R. Darton, v, G. IVentivorth. Rastrich, c. Parson Knitiht. 

Wilkinson, M. W. Nowton, v. Sir C. Doras. Redgrave, r. with Botes- 
dale, c. G. IVilson. 

Wilkinson, 1\ Hallam Kirk, v. F. Nev^digaic. Armthorpe, r. The King. 

Wilkinson, 'I". C. Stamford, All Saints, with St. Peter's, v. The King and 
Marq. Eion alt. ; Marq. this turn. 

Wilkinson, VV. South Croxton, r. Sproxton, v. with Saltby, v. Duke 

Wilkinson, W. F. liarleigh, E. r. J. Sleuard. Walsham, North, v. Bp. 
of Norivich. 

Wilkinson, W. Norwich, St. Laur. r. — St. Benedict, c. The King. 

Wilkinson, W. H. Grasby, v. Mr. IViikinson. Kirniington, v. Lord 

Will, G. F. Ciiurstow, v. with Kingsbridge, v. The King. 

Willan, E. M. Queenborough, c. Corp. Kirkburton, v. Oving, r. The 

Willan, '1\ Corby, v. Irnham, r. with Bulby, c. and Ilawthorpe, c. Rev. 
F\ Burton. 

Willaunie, C D. Brown Candovcr, r. with Woodmancot, c. Chilton 
Candover, r. J^)rd Carteret. 

Willes, W. Preston Bisset, r. Mrs. Coke. Kings Sutton, v, Mr. Elioes 
and Sir T. iVillcs. 

Williams, C. Barby, r. Mrs. Gilbce. Cubley, r. with Marston Mont- 
gomery, c. Lord Chesterfield. 

Williams, D. Romsev, v. Dn. and Ch. of Winton. Chilworth, p.c. P. 

Williams, D, Sahain Toney, r. Oxon, Bridport, r. Lord Ilchestcr. 
Bleadon, r. Bp. of Winton. Kingston Seymour, r. IK. Pigott. Lit- 
ton, r. Prebendary. Llangybi, c. Impropriator. Llanvair Cludogie, 
c. Strata Florida, c. Tallylyn, c Bp. of St. David's. Wendy, v. 
with Shengay, c Hon. T. iVindsar. Alconbury, West, v. Lhi. and 
Ch. of Westminster. Tilside, v. The King. WaUiich, c. with 
Hamborough, c. Mr. Larder. 


The Church. 

Williams, E. Chelslieki, r. Oxrm. Aberarth, r. Bp. of St. David's, 

Battlefield, c. Uffington, p.c. J. Corbett. 
Williams, E, Filey, c. H. Osbaldeston. Llangefftn, r. with Trefgarone, 

c. Rhoscolyn, r. with Llaiilaer in Kewbwl, c. and Llanlihangel 'i'owyn, 

c. Bp. of Bangor. 
Williams, H. Marlesford, r. Wantisden, c. Mr. and Mrs. Williams. 

Clocaenog, r. Diddington, v. Eglwysylandj v. with Llanvabon, c. 

and Martin, c. Bp. of Bangor. Maldon, v. with Chesingdon, c. 

Williams, H. Goodrich, v. Bp. of Hereford. Stanton Lacey, r. Lord 

Williams, H. Ciynnog Vawr, v. B p. of Bangor. Rossilles, r. The King. 
Williams, J. Wiveton, r. G. Wyndham. Minivear, c. Slebech, c. N. 

Williams, J. Marston Magna, v. MfS. Williams. South Stoke, v. with 

Woodcote, c. Freb. of GrantJuwi. 
Author of an Assize Sermon at Dorchester. 

Williams, J. Ashby, All Saints, r. with Fenby, r. jC7ie King. Kilpeck, 
p.c. Bp. of Gloucester. 

Williams, J. Llanbeder, r. Ashington, r. Bp. of St. David's. Bettwys, 
p.c. Devereux, St. r. Eglwysfair Lloyd, r. Llanellw, r. Llanmihangle, 
r. Llanishen, c. Mrs. Williams. Llanpeter, r. Llaugharne, v. Mar- 
ios, V. Trelleck Grange, c Trevethen, c. Bp. of St. David's. 

Williams, J. Llandet'riog, v. with Llanvair ys Cwnammyd, c. Llansadurn, 
r. with Llanwnda, c. Llaiiovery, v. with Mamhilad, c. Llanddew- 
sant, r. with Llanpabo, c. and Llanvair Ingh, c. Nantmell, v. with 
Lllanfihangel Religion, c. and Llanyre, c. Llowes, v. with Llanddewy 
Vachion, c. Bp. of St. David's. Tisted East, r. Rev. C. H. Watkins. 
Master of Ystradmeirig School, and author of a Dissertation on the Pelagian 

Heresy ! 

Williams, J. H. Fleet Marston, r. Lord Lichfield. Wellesbourn and Wal- 
ton, V. The King. 

Williams, J. H. W. Fornham, All Saints, r. with Westley, r. Camb. 

Williams, P. Llanbedrog, r. Llanberis, r. Llangian, c. Llanfihangel Ba- 
chaelleth, c. Kirvether, c. Bp. oj Bangor. Gosburton, v. Dn. and 
Ch. of Lincoln. 

Prebendary of Bangor, and author of " A Short Vindication of the Established 

Williams, P. Llanrug, r. Llanrhayador, v. Bp. of Bangor. 

Williams, P. Houghton, r. Compton, r Bp. of Winton. 

Williams, R. Houghton, Great, r. Marros, c. Nantmellan, v. Pennarth, 

V. Rev. R. Wilkinson. Pile and Cwnfig, v. The King. 
Williams, R. Diseworth, v. Haberdashers' Company. Claxljy Pluckacre, 

r. Bp. of Lincoln. 
Williams, R. Markfield, r. Marq. Hastings. Puddington, v. R. Orlebar. 
Williams, R. Llandidno, p.c. Llangar, r. Bp. of Bangor. 
Williams, R. Llandegvan, r. with Beaumaris, c. Llanvewgan, c. Lord 

Williams, R. Meylltyrne, r. with Bottwnog, c. Llandyfrydog, r. with 

Treffibard, c. Bp. of Bangor. 


The Church. 

Williams, R. Halkin, r. with Tryddyn, c Meifod, v. Bp. of St. Asaph. 

Williams, T. Alfriston, v. The King. Bishopstone, r. Bp. of Chichester. 

Williams, T. Beer Regis, v. with Winterbourn Kingston, c Oxon. Brimp- 
ton, r. Whatley, r. Cioford, v. T. Homer. Cameley, r. Llanry- 
thian, v. Llandelow, v. with Llandewl, c. Llanvayes, v. Llanvenarth, 
V. Llanywefii, c. Maner Nawen, c. Merther, r. Sir J. C Hippisley. 
Macsmyniss, r. Voclas, p.c. Llangaddock, v. with Llandeveyson, c. 
and Gwynvey, c. Bp. of St Da-eld's. 

Williams, T. Llanganiarsh," v. vviih Llanfihangel Aberglalessin, c. Llan- 
wrtyd, c. and Rhayader, c. Bp. of St. David's. 

Williams, W. Medbourne, r. with Holt, c. Mouseley, c. Nether Avon, 
V. Lamb. Flyford Flavel, r. Bishton, c. EgUvysnewdd, c. Cadoxton, 
near Neath, v. Caerwys, r. 2Vje King. Kegidock, r. Kelligarn, r. 
Llangoven, c. Llantillio Cressney, v. with Penrhos, Mager, v. with 
Redwick, c. Nandee, c Pendoylonn, v. Pen y Clawd, c. Sir J. 
Aubrey. Rouslench, r. Tralloiig, c. Trawsfyndd, r. Llanaelhaiarn, 
r. Llannor, v. with Denio, c. Sir C. W. Broughton 

Williamson, E. Campton, r. with ShelTord, c. Sir G. Osborne. 

Williamson, T. Stoke Damerel, r. with Plymouth Dock, v. Sir J. Aubyn. 

Williamson, T. P. Kirkby Stephen, \. Incumbent. Gnisbroiigh, c. with 
Upletham, c. Abp. of York. 

Willins, J. Norwich, St. Michael, r. Melton Magna, Ail Saints, St. Mary, 
r. Coinb. 

Willis, E. Hnish Episcopacv, v. and Langport, v. Prebendary. 

Willis, 'P. Upjier Clatford, r. EUisrteld, r. R. IVillis. 

Willis, T. London, St. George, Bloomsbmy, r. The King. Watering- 
bury, V. Dn. and Ch. of Rochester. 

Willis, W. Kirkby in Cleveland, v. with ikoughton, c. Abp. of York. 

Wilson, E. Dalham, r. Sir G. A. Affieck. Moiilton, r. Camb. 

Wilson, E. Allerton Chapel, c Parson Fancett. St. John's, c. P^ic. of 

Wilson, G. Corbridge, v. with Halton Didliiigton, v. Dn. and Ch. of 
Carlisle. Eccles, St. Mary, r. Rev. C. MiUer. 

W^ilson, H. Bcdwin, Great, v. Lord Aylesbury. Allexton, r. R. IFilson. 

Wilson, H. Asliwell Thorpe, r. with Great Wreningham, r. and Little 
Wreningham, c. Kirkby Cain, r. R. Wilson. 

Wilson, H. B. London, St. Mary Akltrmary, c — St. Thomas Apostle, r. 
Abp. of Cant, and Dn. and Ch. of St. Raul's alt. 

One of llie Masters in Merdiant Tailors' School. 

Wilson, J. Atwick, v. The King. Nunkeeling, c. Mrs. Dikon. 

Wilson, J. V\ykenliam and Caudwell, c. Wartnaby, c. Mr. Babington. 
Aukbomugh, v. Bp. of Lincoln. Empingham, v. Prcbcndanj. Mit- 
ton, V. Incumbent. Scredington, v. Dn. and Ch. of Lincoln. Sur- 
fieet, V. Mr. Picktvorth. VVelton, St. Mary, v. fiTe Prebends in 
Coth. of Lincoln. Lcighton Buzzard, v. with Stanbridge, c. Billing- 
Ion, c. Eggenton, c. and Heath, c. Prebendary. 

Wilson, I. Caibter, v. with Clixby, c. Holton-lo-Moor, c. Prebendary. 

Wilson, L. Holy Island, v. with 1'weedniouth, c. and Lowick, c. Dn. 
and Ch. of Durham. 

Wilson, P. Biackwell, v. Duke Devonshire. Pinxton, r. D. P. Coke. 

Wilson, T. Linsted, v. Archd. of Cant. Wilburlon, p.c. Archd. of Ely. 


The Church. 

Wilson, T. deck Heatcii, c. Miss Currer. Silsden, c. Lord Thanet. 
Wilson, W. Wolingliam, r. Bp. of Durham. Harrington, r. Lord Dy- 

sart. Moreton, r. Camb. 
Wilson, W. Corbett, Bozeate, v, with Strixton, r. Lord Spencer. 
Wilson, W. C. Priors Hardwick, v. with Priors Marston, c. Shuckburgh, 

c. Lord Spencer. 
Windsor, Hon. and Rev, A. Radye, v. Lord Phjmouth. Rochford, r. 

IF. r. L. P. fFellesleij. 
Wing, W. Thornhaiigh, r. with Wansford, c. Duke Bedford. 
Wingfield, J. Bromsgrove, v. with Kings Norton, c. Dn. and Ch. of iVor- 

cester. Issey, St. v. Sir F. Buller. 
Wingfield, T. Stapleford, v. Lord Harhro\ Tickencote, r. J. IVing- 

Jield. Teigh, r. Lord Harbro' . 
Winnington, F. Sapey, Upper, r. Wolferlow, v. Sir T. E. Winnington. 
Winpenuv, U. C. NVeighton, v. SLpton, c. The Prebendary. 
Winsiowe', R. Minster "and Fornberry, r. Cherington, East and West, c 

The King, by lunacy. 
Winstanley, G. Glcntield, r. with Braunston, c. and Kirby Muxloe, c. 

Mr. Fosh) ooke. 
Winstanley, T. Rochester, St. Clem, and St. Nich. v. Frinsbury, v. Bp. 

of Rochester. 
Winter, W. Lees, c. Chapelri/. Oldiiam, St. Pet. c. Rev. J. Lyon. 
Wintle, R. Culhani, v. Bp. 'of Oxford. Compton Beauchamp, r. Mr. 

Wise, H. Charlwood, r. Incumbent. Oft'church, v. Mr. Knightley. 
Wise, J. I.illington, v. Leamington Priors, v. H. C. JVise. Marton, v. 

Mr. Knightley. 
Withnell, R. Burnsall, r. with Conistone, c. and Kilstone, c. Lord Craven. 
Witt^, F. E. Slaughter, Upper, r. P.Timbrell. , Stanway, v. Viscountess 

Wix, S. London, St. Bartholomew the Less, v. St. Barth. Hasp. Inwortb, 

r. T. Poynder. 
Wodehouse, Hon. and Rev. A. Barnhambroom, r. Kimberley, v. East 

Lexham, r. Bixton, r. Lexham, West, r. Litcham, r. Lord Wode- 

Wodehouse, C). N. Morningthorpe, r. The King. Golderstone, r 

Wodehouse, Very Rev. J. C, Tatenhill, r. with Whichnor, c. Annexed 

to Deanery. Stoke-on-Trent, r. with Norton, c. Bucknall, c. Rev. 

S. Madan. 
Wodehouse, T. Stourmouth, r. Norton, r. Bp. of Rochester. 
Wodehouse, Hon. and Rev. W. Carleton Forehoe, r. Hingham, r. Lord 
Wodehouse . 
The Hon. and Rev. A. Wodehouse, who has five rectories and a vicarage, is the son of 
Lord Wodehouse, the patron, and cousin of E. Wodehouse, IM.P. for Norfolk. W. Wodehouse 
is another son of the noble lord. C- N. Wodehouse is a prebendary of Norwich. The 
Very Rev. J. C. Wodehouse is Dean of Lichfield, and nephew of the Peer. A J. Wode- 
house is Canon Residentiarj of Bath and Wells. There is also a James Wodehouse 
Rector of New Radnor. Several mare of the family arc well provided in the Array, 
Navy, and Public Offices, but a notice of them does not belong to our present sub- 
ject. 'J'he sum annually received from tithes and taxes by the Wodehouses is upwards 
of ^12,000, and forms a nice example of the working of the system in Church and 
State. See Wodehouse, in the Kerj to the Lower House. 

Wodlev, W. Soulbury, p.c. Sir J. Lovett. Swanbourne, v. The King. 


The Church. 

Wollaston, C. H, Hoo, c. Dereham, v. liev. F. J. H. Wollaston. 

Wollaston, F. J. H. (Archdeacon), East Dereham, r. Incumbent. South 
Weald, r. The King. 

Wollen, W. Brulgewater, v. Chilton Trinity, r. Kilton, v. The King. 

Wolley, G. Hutton Bushel, v. Lord Fitzwilliam. Hawuby, r. Lords F. 
and J. Cavendish. 

Wood, G. Canons, St. Kumbold, r. Whitcombe, c. Shaftesbury, St. Rum- 
bold, r. Lord Shaftesbury. 

Wood, J. Heme, V. Abp.of Cant. Brenzet, v. T. D.Brockman. New- 
ton, St. Loe, r. J. Langton. Pentricii, v. Duke Devonshire. 

Wood, P. Broadwater, r. Rusper, r. Mr. Wood. 

Wood, Very Rev. P. S. Middleton, v. Mr. T. IVood. Middlehani 
Deanery, Littleton, r. The King. 

Wood, W. Fulhani, r. and v. Bp. of London. Lawford, r. Camb. 

Woodall, W. Braunston, r. Waltham.^r. Duke Hut land. 

Woodcock, H. Barkby, v. W. Pochin. Cawthorpe, Little, v. Sequestered. 

Woodcock, H. Micheimersh, r. Bp. of irinchester. Middleton, r. Mrs. 
If^oodcock and Mr. Munro. Caythorpe, r. //''. Pochin. 

Woodd, B. Drayton Beauchanip,r. Hon. Mrs. Manners. Thorpe Basset, 
r. Abp. of York. 
Proprietor of Bentinck Cliapel, Lissongreen, and Afternoon Lecturerof St. Peter's, 

Cornhill. The Pluralist is the son of a silk-mercer, and had the good fortiuic to ob- 
tain a bequest of o£lO,000 from a gentleman to whom lie was no way related, as w 

fritting mark of his friendship, and the estimation in which he held his character as a 


Woodford, F. Almsfc^d, r. J. Woodford. Barrow, S. c Dn. and Ch. of 

Woodman, T. Dailsford, r. Hon. W. Hastings. Brackley, v. — St. James, 

c. Marq. Stafford. 
Woodward, G. Fletching, v. Lord Sheffield. Maresfield, r. Lord Gage. 

Wiggenholt, r. with Greetham, r. Rev. R. Turner. 
Woodward, W. P. Plumpton, r. Mrs. Woodward. West Grinsted, r. 

Mr. Woodivard. 
Woolcombe, H. Highampton, r. J. M. Woolcombe. Ashburv, r. The 

King. Pillatoii, r. W. Helgar. 
WooUey, H. R. Middleton, c. Lord Middleton. Shillingston, r. Mr. 

Wordsworth, C. Buxted, r. with Uckfield, c. Abp. of Cant. 

Domestic Chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury. This man was recommended 
to the patronage of the Archbishop by a publication on the uses of the Greek article. 
One or two more Wordswnrths arc in tlie Church, and there is a IF. Wordsworth, Dis- 
tributor of Stamps, and what is callid a Lake Poet. 

Wormingtoi), W. Norton, v. and Lenchwick, v. Dn. and Ch. of Wor- 

Worsley, H. Gatcombe, r. Mr. Cajnpbill. St. Lawrence, r. Hon. C. A. 
Pelham. Woolverlon, r. Messrs. R. and L Clarke. 

Wrangiiam, F. Hunmanby. v. with Fordon, c. Muston, v. //• Osbaldeston. 

Wray, \\. Temple Imp. c 'i'awsiock, r. Sir B. Wraij. 

Wren, P. Tanworth, v. Coheiresses of Lord Archer. Ipsiey, r. P. Wren. 

Wright, J. C;. Walkern, r. Uawreth, r. Camb. 

Wright, P. Baddiley, r. Sir H. MniniLaring. Try Marks, v. Oion. 


The Church. 

Wright, R. Itchen Abbots, r. J. Wright. Ovington, r. Bp. of Winton. 

Barton Steeple, v. Mr. and Mrs. Master, 
Wright, T. Market Bosworth, r. with Carlton, St. Mary, c. Shenton, c. 

and Barlestone, c. The King. 
Wright, T. Thetford, St. Mary, c. Duke Norfolk. Claydon, East, and 

Ciaydon, Mid. r. Mr. Facknell. Greetham, r. Bp. of Lincoln. 
Wright, W. H. Newnham Murren, c. with North Stoke, v. Ipsdon, v. 

Wrightson, A. B. Camp^all, v. Mr. Yarburgh. Edlington, r. IV. IVright- 

Wrigley, M. Manchester, St. Mich. c. Mrs. Owen. Great Chishall, v. 

Mr. Wilkes. 
Wroth, VV. B. Eddlesboroiigh, v. Totternhoe, v. Lord Bridgexuater . 
Wrottesley, C. Romney, JS^ew, r. Oxon. Tettenhall, c. Sir J. Wrot- 

Wyat, M. Ashley, r. The King. Wraxall, N. r. Mrs. Heneage. 
Wyld, G. S. Cheveley, v. with Leckhampstead, c. Oar, c. and Winter- 
bourne, c. T. Wyld. 
Wylde, C. Earnby Willows, v. Southwell College. Nottingham, St. 

Nicholas, r. The King. 
Wyndham, J. H. D.D. Gorton Dinham, r. Staple Fitzpayne, r. E. B. 

Wyndham, T. Melcomb, r. with Radipole, c. JV. IVyndhatn. Hasilbere, 

V. Prebendary. 
Wyndham, T. Hinton Admiral, p.c. G. /. Topps. Pimperne, r. Lord 

Wynne, M. Bangor, r. with Acton Round, c. Mr. Fletcher. Overton, 
c. Lord Grosvenor. Wenlock, v. Benthall and Barrow, c. Sir W. 
W. Wynne. 
See Wynne, in the Key lo the Lower House, and at \). 129 of the Supplement. 
Wynniatt, R. Stanton, r. with Snowshill, c. Incumbent. 
Wythe, T. JLye, v. Marq. Cornwallis. Bradley, Great, r. Abp. of 

Dublin, Sfc. 
Yalden, J. Buckneli, r. Oxon. Weston-on-the-Green, v. Lsrd Abingdon. 
Yates, R. Ashen, r. The King. Chelsea Hospital, c. The Govs, of Hosp. 
Alternate Preacher at the Philanthropic Chapel, Si. George's Fields, and Treasurer 
of the Literary Fund. 
Yeomans, J. Horley and Hornton, v. The King. Whichford, r. Mrs. 

Yeomans, J. L. Tawnton Bishops, v. with Lankey, c. Dn. ofExon. 
Yerbiirgh, R. D.D. Sleaford, New and Old, v. Lord Bristol. Tothill, 

r. Lord Willoughby de Broke. 
Yonge, D. St. Anthony, v. H. P. Curewe. Willoughton, v. Camb. 
Cornwood, v. Bp. of Eion. Sheviock, r. Right Hon. R. P. Carewe. 
Several more of this name are in the Churcli. A W. Yonge is Vicar of Swaifham 
and Chancellor of Norwich. Tiiey are related to Earl Nelson, who is Prebendary of 
Norwich, and has pensions to the amount of ^5000, beside the interest of an im- 
mense sum granted by Parliament to purchase an estate. 
Yoiile, A. Grove, r. A. H. Eyre. Retford, W, r. Corporation. 
Young, J. Akeley, r. Oxon. Thorpe Malsor, r. T. C. Mansell. 
Young, R. Braybrook, r. Luke Young. Creaton, Great, r. Mrs. Daven- 



The Church. 

Young, T. Dodbrook, r. Rev. S. Webber. Muckton, r. M. B. Lister. 
Young, T. East Gilling, v.Abp. of York. Necton, r. Incumbent. 
Young, W. Lavston, v. with Buntingford, c. W. Butt. Holnihale, r. 
Rtv. r. P. Young. 

,* The case of Jo 11 >i Jones, ut page 2U3, loho holds lliiiiy-iour livings, besides dig- 
nities and offices, is so extraordijtary that it seems entitled to more particular develo})e- 
ment. The following tabular exposition shows at one view not only the patrons but the 
population, and year of institution to each benefice, held Inj this gi-eat Ecclesiastical 




Cardiff: St. Mary . . 

cum St. John . . . . 






citw Staintoii . . . . 





Llancadwnllider .. . . 




Llangunnor , 






cum PeniiyboiU . . 


Liverpool ; St. An- 7 

drew's J 

J^oiidoii •■ St. alary I 
Mounthaw . . S 

cum St. Mary So- I 

nicrset J 




Shipslon-on-Slonr . . 

t CO 
















































1 250 




35 ■< 


2' 9 













Glamorgan . . . , 



Merioneth . . . , 

i Pembroke . . 


Carmarilien . . . , 




Carnarvon , 

Denbigh , 


Monlgcniery . , 


Carnarvon . . . , 

> Brecon 

Monlgoiuery . , 

Lanciishirc . . . . 

I -- 

iMonnioutli . . . . 



Worcester . . . ■ 
Cardigaa ...... 



1 820 


1 800 

1 7. -8 


Vi-counl Ashbrook. 

Hon. A. Onslow. 

5 Dean and Chapter of 

I Gloucester. 

Bishop of St. David's. 

Mrs. Jones. 

Bishop of St. Asaph. 

Henry Leo, Esq. 

The King. 

Exeter College. 
Bishop of St. David's. 

'■ St. Asaph. 


D. and C. of St. Asaph. 
Bishop of St. David's. 
' Bangor. 

Do. do. 
Bishop of St. David's. 

St. Asaph. 

Parish Freeholders. 
Bishop of Bangor. 

Do. do. 

Marquis Camden. 
Bishop of Bangor. 
John Gladstone. 

C Bisliop of Hereford 

? and 

C Rev. Dr. Barrat. 

Duke of Beaufort. 
.Mrs. Lloyd. 
Bishop ot St. Asaph. 
D. and C. of Worcester. 
Bishop of St. David's. 


Irish Protestant Church. 



For an example of the government that is said to " work zvell,'" we 
should look to Ireland — her degraded population, her tithe system, and 
administration of justice, form a practical illustration of the good-workin^ 
government. In England, it is true, there are grievous abuses in the pack- 
ing of juries, the game laws, partial taxation, and many other oppressions ; 
but these sink into insignificance when contrasted with the sufferings of 
Ireland. There the natural order of society is inverted, and government exists 
not for the benefit of the people, but the people exist solely for the benefit 
of government. 

Among the various forms under which oppression is disguised, the most 
conspicuous is the Church Establishment; one is at a loss to conceive for 
whose benefit this institution exists in Ireland. Is it for the benefit of tjie 
Clergy, the People, or the State? If by the former is meant those wlio 
minister religious instruction, it can hardly be said to be of advantage to 
them. The teachers of religion in Ireland are nearly all Catholics, a vast 
majority of the people are of the same persuasion, and what religion there is 
the expense is defrayed by voluntary contributions. Neither the Clergy, 
therefore, nor the People benefit by the Church Establishment. With 
respect to the State, the advantage appears not less equivocal. The alliance 
betwixt Church and State is founded on reciprocal benefits — that, on the 
one hand, the State shall give its civil protection to the Church, and, on the 
other, the Church shall aid in sustaining the State by its influence over the 


Irish Protestant Church. 

People: — this is the basis of the compact; and it follows, when the Church 
loses its influence, when it loses the majority, when it is no longer able to 
sustain the State, the compact is dissolved ; it has no claim for protection, 
and its alliance becomes a source of weakness instead of power. 

Such is the actual condition of the Irish Church, such the advantages it 
confers on the government ; it adds nothing to its authority, affords no aid to 
the civil magistrate, neither the law nor its ministers are rendered more 
sacred by its influence — quite the reverse. Authority is degraded and 
abhorred in Ireland solely on account of the Ecclesiastical Establisliment: it 
is the colossal grievance of the country, the source of all its discontents, 
rebellions, burnings, and desolation. Why then, it may be asked, is the 
establishment maintained ? Why is it not reformed? On what principle or 
pretext is it justified ? The godly cannot defend it from piety, the poli- 
tician from reasons of State, nor tlie patriot for the blessings it confers on 
the community. Whose interest, then, is identified with the odious 
system ? This is, indeed, a mystery ; for who could believe that a country 
should be plundered, her population exasperated almost to madness, and five 
millions of people withheld from their civil rights; that a few score of 
families, to whom chance and intrigue had given undeserved elevation, 
might monopolize its wealth and honours? Who could believe that a 
government, said to be the wisest and freest in the world, would sanction such 
monstrous robbery and injustice? — such, however, appears to be the actual 
state of Ireland, and the policy to which she has been subjected. She has 
long been the prey of a favoured caste, a selfish and bigoted faction, who 
have divided her as a spoil ; and such has been the wretched system of 
administration, that it has not been ashamed to avail itself of the folly 
and cupidity of such instruments to preserve a precarious sovereignty — 
when, too, its frown would have made tlie same creatures, who were ready 
at any time to sacrifice their country for a pension or a place, instrumental to 
her prosperity and happiness. 

Let us, however, come to our subject — the exposition of the Irish Church 
Establishment. The points most deserving attention are these : — First, 
the revenues of the Protestant Establishment; Secondly, the number of 
individuals among whom this revenue is divided; Thirdly, the condition of 
the people from whom these revenues are abstracted; Lastly, the conduct 
adopted towards Ireland by the Collected Wisdom of the nation. The last 
will, probably, be the most interesting part of the inquiry ; indeed it seems 
clear, after witnessing the treatment of Ireland, and seeing all her wrongs 
pass unredressed, that no case can arise, whatever its injustice or cruelty, 


Irish Protestant Church. 

which will receive the least amelioration when opposed to the real or 
imaginary interest of that illustrious body- 

To come to our first topic, the Irish Church Revenue. On this point our 
information is still far from complete: a few general facts, however, will 
throw a tolerable light on the subject. Ireland contains eighteen millions of 
English acres of land, of which 900,000 pay nothing to the Church ; four 
millions pay from endowments about one-third of their tithes, and the 
remaining thirteen millions and upwards are liable to pay full tithes. The 
whole rental of the kingdom is estimated, by Mr. Wakefield, to amount to 
c£l4,110,601 a-year, or about fifteen shillings per English acre. In England, 
it appears, from some very extensive returns to the inquiries of the Board of 
Agriculture, that land, on an average, Yw\<\?, Jive rents, or, in other words, 
the value of the produce is five times the rental. It appeared, also, from the 
same returns, that the tithe actually paid amounted to one-fourth of the rent, 
or one-twentieih of the total produce of land, labour, and capital. Apply- 
ing these proportions to Ireland, the result is, that the annual value of 
her produce, at five rents, is „£ 70,553, 005, the tithe of which is ^7,055,300. 
If we take the tithe actually paid at the same rate as in England, namely, 
one-fourth the rent, it amounts to .^'3,502,650. 

Less than this latter sum the tithe can hardly be in Ireland — indeed, we 
are persuaded, it amounts to a great deal more. The system under which it 
is collected differs widely from that in England. The odious office of 
collecting the fruits of other men's labour is delegated to others, whose 
exactions are not limited by a regard to character or the respect of the 
parishioners, but solely by the fatal figure of one-tenth, the limit of spiritual 
extortion. Hence it happens that the tithe frequently exceeds the rental : 
in some districts we know the land would not let for a guinea an acre, when 
the farmer has been charged 30*. for tithe. We may conclude, therefore, 
that one-fourth of the rent is far short of the amount of tithe actually 

The real property of the Church is also immense, and bears no proportion 
to the same kind of property in England. It is calculated, by Wakefield, 
that two-elevenths of the soil of Ireland is in the hands of the Bishops and 
Clergy ; and if we calculate its value at the average rent of the kingdom, 
the landed revenues of the Church amount to ^2,565,563 a-year. 

Thus it appears, from this short and general statement, that the revenues 
of the Irish Church, from estates and tithes, is not less than of6,068,2l3 


Irish Protestant Church. 

Next let us inquire the Number of Clergy among whom this revenue is 
divided. On this point tliere is no difficulty, and the number of Eccle- 
siastics may be correctly stated as follows : — 

Archbishops and Bishops 22 

Deans 38 

Archdeacons, Precentors, Chancellors, and Treasurers 108 

Prebendaries 178 

Rural Deans 107 

Vicars Choral 32 

Choristers 20 

Canons and Minor Canons 8 

Librarians 7 

Choir Readers and Stipendiaries 12 

Diocesan Schoolmasters 30 

Consistorial Courts 175 

Parochial Incumbents 1,270 

In all 2,027 

Among this small corps of individuals, then, the whole ecclesiastical revenue 
of Ireland, amounting to ^'6,068,213 a-year, is divided. It is this sacred 
band of 2,027 that claims tivo-elcvenths of the soil, and one-tenth of the 
produce of Ireland. Such a religious establishment as this was never heard 
of before. No country, however superstitious, abandoned one-fourth of its 
property for the maintenance of the priesthood ; it never gave up one-fourth 
of its produce for the maintenance of a three-thousandth part of its popu- 
lation. Six millions of revenue, among 2,000 persons, averages ^3,000 
a-year, even for the schoolmasters and singing-boys! 

Really the proportion betwixt the numbers and revenue of the Irish 
Church is incredible. There are, however, facts, which have recently 
transpired, that confirm the general statement of the subject. These facts 
we will now lay before the reader. 

In 1819, various inquiries were directed by Parliament into the state of 
the Irish Church ; among other things the Bishops were directed to ascertain 
the number and denomination of the benefices in each diocese ; how many 
parishes were comprehended in each benefice ; were the parishes contiguous 
or distant from each other ; and what was the estimated extent in acres of each 
benefice. It is from the returns to these inquiries the List of Pluralists 
has been compiled. In many respects the returns are incomplete, but 
sufficient is elicited to show the enormous incomes of the Parochial Clergy. 


Irish Protestant Church. 

A few of their incomes are here selected, to confirm the general statement of 
revenue. For a more detailed account it will be necessary to turn to the 
Listf where all the particulars are annexed to each name. 
Irish Pluralists, whose Incomes are not less than ^10,000 a-year. 

Name. Diocese. Income. 

Austen, Robert Cloyne ^14,672 

Blood, Frederick Killala 41,256 

Daly, James Tua7n - 68,560 

Dennis, John Tua7n 24,23-4 

{Cloyne > 
Dublin 1 17,274 
Elphin J 

Grove, William Killala 11,214 

Hackett, Thomas Elphin 15,881 

Hamilton, Hans Ossory 13,253 

Hart, George f tmeric t 21,251 

L Tuam J 

Hamilton, Sackville Cloyne 16,005 

Johnson, Burton Cloyne 15,812 

Kemmis, Thomas fMeath ^ ^ 

\ Ossory J 

Kenney, A. H Killala 10,098 

Kenney, James Killaloe 13,010 

L'Estrange, Thomas Killaloe 1 1 ,168 

Mahon, Thomas Tuam .,. . . . 13,157 

Maxwell Henry Tuam 10.856 

Meara, James Ossory 13,080 

Miller, William Killaloe 58,107 

O'Rarke, John Killala 10,280 

Orr, John 

r Ossorii "| 

{ruam, ....}^^'«92 

Poe, James Leighlin 10,732 

Robinson, Christopher .... Tuain 20,391 

Saurin, James (Dean) Derry 21,375 

Scarlett, Robert Killaloe 79,266 

Stock, Edwin Killala 19,471 

^ „ r Clonfert t 

Trench, Charles Le Poer • • } rp \ 17,326 

Tucker, Thomas Dublin 12,690 



Irish Protestant Church. 

Name. Diocese. Income. 

Verschoyle, James, jiin. . . Killala ^10,394 

Verschoyle, Joseph Killala 11,339 

Waring, Lucas Down, 15,092 

^^'^•^^'^-^^ {S:^e::::::::;:::}^«'^^^ 

Wynne, Richard {^KUmorc } ^^'^*° 

These enormous incomes are drawn from tithes and glebes, and do not 
include the revenue derived from other sources. Most offices and 
sinecures in cathedrals, hospitals, and other public institutions, are filled by 
the Parochial Clergy ; some are Archdeacons, Deans, Precentors, Chan- 
cellors, &c., from all of which they have income. They have also houses, 
gardens, and other demesnes annexed to their preferments, the value of 
which is omitted in the above statement. Let us come to the higher 
order of Clergy. 

We have not the same data for estimating the revenues of the Bishops and 
Dignitaries as the Parochial Clergy ; no doubt, however, exists as to the 
immense wealth of the Protestant hierarchy. The incomes of the Bishops 
are derived partly from tithe, but generally from land. Formerly the Bishops 
let their lands on annual fines, so that such fines operated as a kind of rent, 
which the Bishop stored up for the benefit of his family. But now the 
practice is to refuse renewals to the tenants, — insure their lives for the value 
of the fines, and wait the fall of the leases, which are re-let at a nominal rent, 
probably to the Bishop's relations. The consequence of this system is, that 
the Bishops have become excellent scientific gamblers, and a great part of the 
revenues of Church lands are actually paid to insurance companies. The 
annual value of the sees, if let like other property, is immense. The 
annual incomes of Derry, Kilmore, Waterford, and Clogher, if out of lease, 
it is computed, would be, upon an average, =£100,000 each. The Primacy, 
the Archbishopric of Armagh, is supposed to be worth ,i?l40,000 a-year. 
The great endowments of the sees may be inferred from the immense 
wealth the Bishops leave behind them. A former Bishop of Clogher (the 
predecessor of the soldier-bishop), who had been Cambridge tutor to Lord 
Westmoreland, went over (o Ireland without a shilling, and continued in his 
bishopric for eight years, and, at the end of that time, died worth between 
3 and ^400,000. It was stated, by Sir Jolui Newport (Morning 
Chronicle, April 12), that throe bishops, in the last fifteen yeai-s, had left 
the enormous sum of ^£700,000 to their families. 


Ji-js/t Protestant Church. 

These facts appear quite enough to establish our estimate of six millions as 
the revenue of the Irish Church. Let us next inquire the duties of this 
richly endowed corporation. 

It is a curious fact that, during the sway of the Catholic Church, no man 
was permitted to hold a benefice who did not perform the duties of it upon 
the spot, and it was left for the Reformation, which is said to have established 
religion in its purity, to entitle a man to a large income for the cure of souls 
in a district which he never visited. A large proportion of the Irish 
Bishops, Dignitaries, and Incumbents, are absentees ; many of them whiling 
away their time on the Continent, and others dissipating their large revenues 
in the fashionable circles of Brighton, Cheltenham, and London. The 
families of some prelates reside constantly in England, and the only duty 
performed by the bishop is to cross the water in the summer-months, take a 
peep at the "palace," and then return to spend the remainder of the year 
in this country. The late Earl of Bristol, Bishop of Derry, resided twenty 
years abroad, and during that time received the revenue of his rich diocese, 
amounting to o£240,00(). This Right Rev. Prelate was the intimate associate 
of Lady Hamilton, the kept-mistress of Lord Nelson. The bishop lived in 
Italy, spending his princely income, wrung from the soil and labour of 
Ireland, among the fiddlers and prostitutes of that debauched country. The 
great Primate Rokeby resided at Bath, and never visited Ireland. The 
Parochial Clergy are not more exemplary. One-third of the whole number 
of Incumbents do not reside on any of their benefices. Some of them, 
with incomes of ^flOjOOO or o£'15,000 a-year, are living in France, with their 
wives and families. Others live at Bath, on account of the gout. Most of 
them never see their parishes, deriving their incomes through the medium 
of tithe-farmers, and engaging a curate at some =£50 or .^GO a-year to attend 
once on each Sunday to read prayers ; often, perhaps, only to the parish 
clerk. The following statement, from No. 75 of the Edinburgh Revieiv, 
shows the number of residents and non-residents in each diocese. 

Parishes or Union of Parishes. 

Province of Ulster, 

Diocese of Armagh 78 

Clogher 44 

Derry 54 

Down and "1 

Connor J 

Dromore 23 

Kilmore 33 

Meath 101 


Irish Protestant Church. 

Parishes or Union of Parishes. 

Raphoe 31 

Andagh, attached \ 

to Archbishop V25 

of Tuani .... J 

443 with 351 incumbents resident, or 
near enough to do the duty. 
Province of Leinster, 

Diocese of Dublin 87 

Kildare 43 

Ossory 59 

Leighlin and T ^^ 
Ferns / 

281 with 189 resident incumbents, or 

near enough to do duty. 
Province of Munster, 

Diocese of Cashel 57 

Waterford and 


■ 52 

Cloyne 77 

Cork and Ross . . 77 

Limerick and 


Killaloe and 

1 105 

Kilfenora 3 

419 281 resident incumbents, or near 
enough to do the duty. 
Province of Connaught, 

Diocese of Tuam 24 

Clonfert and •> 
Kilmacduagh . . J 

Elphin 37 

Killala and 
Achonry . . . 

I 20 

95 with 65 resident incumbents, or near 
pnough to do tiic duty. 


Irish Protestant Church. 

One great excuse for the neglect of duty by the Protestant Clergy is that 
they have scarcely any duty to perform. Notwithstanding all the induce- 
ments offered by the established religion, notwithstanding its monopoly of 
tithes, honours, power, and emoluments, it has scarcely any followers. A 
Protestant is as rare to be met with in Ireland as a Jew in England. Out of 
a population of seven millions there are only from four to 500,000 disciples 
of the State religion. The consequence is, that the Church Establishment is 
little better than an enormous sinecure, a prodigious job, carried on for 
the benefit of a few score individuals, to the impoverishment, disunion, 
and degradation of all the rest of the nation. The Irish Church has been 
aptly compared to some Irish regiment, in which there was the whole train 
of officers, from the colonel downwards, but only one privnte. Just so with 
the Ecclesiastical Establishment ; there is the whole apparatus of Bishops, 
Deans, Archdeacons, Prebendaries, Canons, Rectors, and Vicars; there are 
all these still, and, what is better, there are all the tithes, houses, gardens, 
glebe lands, cathedrals, and palaces : all these remain ; but the people — 
those for whose benefit they were created, they have long since fled to 
another communion. Why then should not the revenues and Church lands 
follow them — the owners, for whose benefit they were first appropriated? 
Why keep up twenty-two bishops where there are scarcely any parsons ? or 
why maintain these parsons, with large endowments, when they have lost 
their flocks ? There are scores, aye, hundreds of pastors, where there is not 
even a church ! and yet have large revenues appended for religious service. 
That such an ecclesiastical system should be defended almost exceeds 
belief; but we shall see it is not only defended, but its monstrous abuses 
augmented and perpetuated. 

Having thus given an outline of the revenues, numbers, and duties of the 
Established Church, let us next advert to the condition of the people, by 
whom it is supported. 

It has latterly become as essential a part of the system to conceal the 
number of followers of the Irish Protestant Church, as the amount of its 
revenues. When the late census was taken, it had been easy to ascer- 
tain the respective proportions of Catholics, Protestants, Presbyterians, and 
other Dissenters; but Government, for obvious reasons, declined making any 
such classification. It appears, however, from the opinions of those who 
have travelled a good deal in Ireland, and who had the best information on 
the subject, that the following estimate is correct: — The census made the 
population amount to 6,800,000 ; if divided into fourteenths, it was 


Irish Protestant Church. 

estimated one-fourteenth belonged to the Establislied Church, or 490,000 
souls; Presbyterian, or other dissenters, formed another fourteenth; so that 
there remained 5,820,000 Catholics. It is a most extraordinary fact, that 
for the last half century the proportion of Protestants in Ireland has 
rapidly declined. In 1766, the Protestants formed nearly one-half the 
l>opulation ; in 1822, they formed only one-seventh; while the Catholics 
had more than quadrupled from 1766 to 1822, the Protestant had scarcely 
doubled. This striking fact will be more evident from the following state- 
ment, drawn up partly from Parliamentary returns, and partly from the 
estimate of Dr. Beaufort, and other well-informed individuals. 

Year 1766. Year 1792. Year 1822. 

Protestants 544,865 522,023 980,000 

Catholics 1,326,960 3,26l,303 5,820,000 

Total .. 1,871,725 3,783,326 6,800,000 

The increase of Protestants, from 1792 to 1822, is chiefly ascribed to the 
exertions of the Methodists. Here then we have a striking illustration of 
the efficacy of tithes, and large ecclesiastical endowments, in promoting 
religion ; for it is clear, from the above, that the State religion has declined, 
in spite of its enormous emoluments. We wonder what Mr. Wilberforce, 
or any other stickler for Church Establishments, can say to this statement ? 
Those who are zealous for the promotion of the Reformed Religion, ought 
not to defend either the Irish or English Established Church, for under both 
Protestantism has relatively declined. Pure Christianity, indeed, can never 
be allied to wealth and power ; its precepts and origin are in perfect contrast 
to the titles, pomps, and vanities of this world. It has no connection 
with bishops, nor courts, nor palaces; it was cradled in indigence; it 
flourished from persecution, it denounced the cant of hypocrites, and never 
allied itself with the Scribes and Pharisees of authority. They may, indeed, 
baptize state religions under the name of Christianity, but it has nothing to 
do with them ; they are more heathen institutions, and their foUowei-s more 
the disciples of Mahomet than of Christ. 

Not, however, to digress from our subject. Only one-fourteenth of the 
population of Ireland belong to the State religion, and yet the mere 
teachers of this fraction of the community claim one-tenth of the produce 
that feeds the whole seven millions ! Surely if Church property was 
intended for religion, it was intended for the religion of the people, not 
for an insignificant minority of them. But this is far from the extent of the 


Irish Protestant Church, 

injustice practised towards the Irish. A vast majority of the community are 
not only compelled to support an obnoxious creed, but are kept in the most 
opprobrious civil degradation. 

First, with respect to their teachers. The Catholic Clergy are in number 
about 2,000, constantly residing among their flocks, and ministering to their 
spiritual comforts. This deserving body of men the law pursues with the 
utmost vindictiveness. If, from inadvertency, or misinformation, they 
marry two Protestants, or a Protestant and a Catholic, they are liable by law 
to suffer DEATH. The Act passed for the relief of the Catholics, in J 793, 
expressly continues this dreadful penalty in force, and, in a recent decision 
of the Lord-Chief-Justice of Ireland, it was declared to be the law of the 
land. The Clergy are liable to imprisonment for not disclosing the secrets 
of auricular confession. This law is in admirable accordance with the late 
decision of the Collective Wisdom in the case of Sir Abraham Bradley 
King, the court favourite ; by which decision the secrets and symbols of 
Orange Societies are virtually acknowledged sacred and inviolate. They 
are bound, by their vows of ordination, to a life of celibacy, and are there- 
fore subject to the Modern Tax, called the Bachelor's Tax. No recom- 
pense is given them for the performance of their religious functions ; no 
personal endowment of any Catholic chapel, school-house, or other pious or 
charitable foundation is valid. Hence, from the absence of all permanent 
provision for their maintenance, and the general poverty of their followers, 
they live in indigence and misery. A Catholic priest has seldom the means 
of comfortable subsistence, is often without a decent place for religious 
worship, is overpowered by calls for religious exertion, lives in misery, and 
dies at last without ever tasting these emoluments which formerly belonged 
to his Church, and which are now showered on the Jocelyn's, Knox's, 
Saurin's, Plunket's, Beresford's, Daly's, and Trench's of the Establishment. 
The Catholic laity live under a similar system of proscription, or rather 
persecution. The law, and the administration of the law, making them 
almost aliens in their native land ; and the only reason assigned for it is, they 
worship God after the manner of their ancestors. All Catholics are excluded 
from seats in Parliament, consequently of the lucrative prospects which that 
privilege carries along with it. They are denied the exercise of the 
ELEcriVE FRANCHISE, except on condition of taking certain oaths, and 
making certain declarations, which are, generally, both expensive and incon- 
venient. They are excluded from all municipal offices ; it is calculated 
that, by various statutes, the Catholics are excluded from about2,348 principal, 
and about 1,200 secondary ofiices in corporations. The consequence of this is 


Irish Protestant Church. 

extremely harassing, oppressive, and ruinous; they are not only plundered 
by martial imposts and heavier tolls, hut are aggrieved by the undue pre- 
ferences and greater accommodations granted to their privileged neighbours. 
They are virtually denied the freedom of all cities and towns, and thus liable 
to the tolls and duties to which non-freemen are subject. It is true no express 
law prohibits Catholics from becoming freemen of cities and towns ; yet the 
privileged class, having an immense majority of votes, can always command 
what depends upon votes ; and when the Catholics have acquired by birth, 
services, or otherwise, a legal right to freedom, can withhold it from them by 
adjourning the consideration of their claim sine die. This is termed 
cushioning a petition, and is incessantly practised. They are excluded 
from various offices in the profession and administration of the law, to the 
amount of near 1,500, many of which are extremely lucrative. Something 
has been done to open the navy and army to the Catholics, but it is more 
in theory than in reality. Of the thousands and tens of thousands of Catholic 
sailors and soldiers, scarcely one has obtained the lowest promotion. There 
:s no public provision for their religious instruction ; and they are still 
liable to the penalties inflicted by the Articles of War, for not attending the 
Divine Service established by law. It appeared in Parliament, in 1813, that 
a meritorious private, for refusing (which he did in the most respectful 
mannei") to attend the religious service of the regiment, was confined nine 
days in a dungeon upon bread and water. 

There are various other offices and immunities interdicted to Catholics, 
but the above is sufficient to show the ignominious punishment inflicted on a 
vast majority of the community. Let us next advert to their condition in 
another respect. 

The whole of the execrable tithe system resolves itself into the levy of a 
vexatious and partial impost from the poor, for the sole beneflt of the rich. 
By a base and selfish law of the Irish Parliament, the aristocracy and gentry 
are comparatively exempted from tithes, and the burthen falls ex- 
clusively on the cotter tenants. It is from the food and labour of a half- 
starved peasantry that the fat pluralists and reverend bishops draw their 
princely revenues. The vexatious and rapacious manner of levying this 
impost is almost beyond description. The tithes are leased out to a tithe- 
farmer, at a fixed rent, like a farm, while the latter not unfrequently re-lets 
them to another. Sometimes the tithe is set out on the premises, and sold 
by public auction. Nothing escapes the vigilance of the spiritual locust or 
his agent. No bog, however deep — no mountain, however high — nor heath, 
nor rock, whatever industry may have reclaimed, or capital fertilized. 


Irish Protestant Church. 

nothing escapes the spiritual locust; and the full penalty of being made 
available for the uses of man. The curse of barrenness, annual blight, or 
mildew, would be more tolerable to Ireland than her ecclesiastical establish- 
_ ment. We are, however, afraid to trust ourselves with the details of the 
horrid system, and shall hasten to the last division of our subject. 

A brief notice of the proceedings of this Session of Parliament, relative to 
the Irish Church, will shew the little chance there is of improvement from 
tliat quarter. We shall merely state facts, without comment. 

On the 4th of March, Mr. Hume brought forward his motion for an inquiry 
into the state of the Irish Church Establishment. After a very able speech, 
replete with information, on the enormous abuses in the Irish Church, he 
concluded with moving four resolutions, the substance of which was, — 1st. 
That Church property is public property, and at the disposal of the Legisla- 
ture. 2. That the revenues of the Irish Church are vastly disproportioned 
to the numbers and services of the Clergy. 3. That the interests of Ireland 
would be best promoted by a general commutation of tithes ; and, lastly. That 
a select committee be appointed to consider the best mode of carrying the 
objects stated in these allegations into effect. The principles of these reso- 
lutions were all incontrovertible; but it is hardly necessary to state they 
were all negatived. 

On the 11th of April, Sir John Newport introduced the subject of the 
First Fruits Fund. The nature of this fund, and the decision of the House 
respecting it, is more illustrative of Collective Wisdom than the preceding. 
The First Fruits, as is well known, are the whole first year's income of each 
ecclesiastical benefice, and were formerly payable in Ireland, as in other 
countries, to the Pope. In the reign of Henry VIII., when the papal rights 
were extinguished, this revenue, together with the twentieth, or yearly 
twelve pence in the pound, payable also to the Pope, was seized by the 
Crown, and remained annexed to the Crown till the year 1710. In that 
year Queen Anne (a great admirer of Mother Church), on the advice of the 
Duke of Ormond, remitted the twentieths to the Clergy, and gave the First 
Fruits to form a fund for building churches, purchasing glebes, and glebe- 
houses, augmenting poor livings, and other ecclesiastical uses. 

The management of this fund was given to trustees, who were, for the most 
part, the higher dignitaries of the Church, with power to levy tlie revenue, 
and "to search out the Just and true value" of the benefices of which 
they were to levy the first year's income from each incumbent who came 
into possession. The valuation, under which this revenue was levied at the 
time when it was given to this fund, was made in the time of Henry VHI. 



Irish ProtesUmt Church. 

and Elizabeth, and was not only of course very low, but did not embrace 
more than two-thirds of the benefices of Ireland. It was, of course, the 
duty of the trustees to promote the objects of the fund, to have remedied 
the inaccuracies, and supplied the defects of this valuation; but this has 
never been done, and, up to this day, the First Fruits are levied according 
to that defective valuation; so lliat this revenue, which should properly be 
a whole year's income of all the livings which become vacant in each year in 
Ireland, has only produced, on the average of the last ten years, ^290 
a-year. What was the consequence? — why the Collective Wisdom has annu- 
ally voted large sums out of the pockets of the people for the very objects 
for which the fund had been appointed. Within the eleven years, ending 
in 1818, nearly half a million had been voted out of the taxes for purchasing 
glebes and houses for the Clergy. The exact sum was „£'498,000, or an 
average of near ,£45,000 a-year. Instead of doing this, the commissioners 
ought to have been compelled to do what the law not only authorised but 
required them to do. Why the commissioners had not done their duty, and 
made a fair valuation, was manifest enough ; they were also the holders 
and expectants of large preferments, and a just valuation would be a tax 
upon THEMSELVES. Ought, however, " the Guardians of the Public Purse" 
to have sanctioned this selfish breach of trust ? Ought they, whose business 
it is to watch over the interests of the people, yearly to have voted away tiie 
public money, for objects for which there was already a legal and adequate 
provision ? This, however, is what they have done ; and, as appears from 
their decision on the motion of Sir John Newport, what they are determined 
to continue to do. There were, in fact, only eighty-seven honourable 
members present, and foi ty-eight voted for the previous question, and thirty- 
nine against it. 

It is estimated that, at a fair valuation of Irish benefices, omitting those 
under of 150 a-year, the I'irst Fruits would produce £'40,000 a-year. It is 
owing to the deficiencies of this fund, and the consequent non-residence of 
the Clergy, that the decay of Protestantism is ascribed. Here, one would 
think, then, was the strongest reasons for the Collective Wisdom to interfere. 
No innovation, notiiing new was attempted ; all that was required was, that 
they should enforce the law of the land, for which, on other occasions, they 
profess such profound veneration. This they neglected to do ; so that, to 
save the richest Cliurch in the world from contributing to its own necessities, 
the public will continue to be burthened with a yearly charge for purchasing 
glebes and houses for Irish parsons, many of whom have already half a 
• iozen hr)uses, and upwards of 'i,000 acres of glebe. 


Irish Protestant Church. 

The grant in aid of the First Fruits Fund, or, in other words, to the rich 
established Church of Ireland, passed the next day. A sum of ^17,000 
was also voted for the exclusive benefit of Protestant schools in Ireland. 
To conclude, a bill has been introduced for the commutation of tithes. 
We are not sufficiently acquainted with the nature of this extraordinary bill 
to state all its provisions. It seems a fixed money payment is to be 
substituted in lieu of tithes, formed on the average value of grain for the 
LAST SEVEN YEARS. A more desirable measure for the Clergy cannot be 
conceived. Its direct tendency is to augment and perpetuate the revenues 
of the Church, which every one must acknowledge is the best of all 
panaceas for the discontents and miseries of the sister kingdom. 

We shall only make one or two more observations. It seems clear to us 
that the reform of any abuse, however great, is perfectly hopeless under the 
present system of representation. A case of greater oppression and injustice 
can never arise than that of Ireland : the diminutive numbers of the 
established Clergy, their enormous revenues, the wretchedness of these 
classes from whom those revenues are extorted, and the political proscription 
to which they are subjected, are evils which call loudly for redress, yet no 
attempt is made at their alleviation ; instead of which they have been 
virtually aggravated. Can we hope, then, that the packing of juries, 
unequal taxation, or minor abuses, will be redressed? — we say no. The 
treatment of Ireland is a test of the wisdom, justice, and humanity of the 
House of Commons, and decisively proves that no abuse will be reformed 
which is in the smallest degree favourable to its interests and power. 


Irish Plttralists. 



Showing the Number of Livings held bij each ; the Title of 
the Incumbent, whether he be Resident or Non-resident, the 
Acres of Glebe, and Quantity of Tithe in each Benefice ; 
with the Incumbeni's total Yearly Income. 


Tn^ first column contains the name of the Pluralist. In tlie secmd the figures 
express the number of livings in each benefice ; II i* for Rector, V for Vicar, C for 
Curate J r is for resident, a for absent. The third column contains the extent in acres 
of each benefice ; the fourth the quantity of glebe ; the fifth the name of the diocese 
in which the benefice is situate, and the average value of land in that diocese; the 
sixthj and last column, the yearly value of tithe and glebe. By a living is meant a 
single parish. A benefice is one or more parishes, having a rector or vicar. An union 
is two or more parishes, or benefices, united into one benefice. There are, in Ireland, 
2,259 parishes, 1,270 benefices, and 453 unions. It is partly to the unions that 
the decay of Protestantism is ascribed. Some unions are thirty-six miles long, so that 
many Protestants never see a clergyman in their lives. We have heard of one union 
of six rectories, and six vicarages, of which a survey liad been taken in 1751 ; it then 
contained 64 Protestants and 1,630 Catholics : in 1818 the Protestants had decreased 
to five, and the Catholics increased to 2,400. The unions are created either by the 
Bishop or the Privy Council — if by the former, they are only for life; if by the 
latter, for perpetuity. 

The List has been compiled from the Returns of the Irish Bishops to certain queries 
of the House of Commons, in 1819, and which Returns were ordered to be printed on 
the 26th May, 1820. The Returns are, in many instances, very incomplete : in some 
the quantity of tithe is omitted, in others the glebe, and sometimes there is no return 
of either tithe or glebe. We have only computed the value of these benefices, of 
which, at least, the acres of tithe is returned. It has frequently happened a Pluralist 
has held several benefices, and, from his imperfect return, we have only been able t*> 
compute the value of one of them. Indeed our estimate of income is very incom- 
plete. The Clergy in Ireland, like the Clergy in England, are great monopolists, and 


Irish. Pluralists. 

hold many oflSces; besides being rectors, and vicars, and curates, they are also 
bishops, dians, prebends, precentors, chancellors, librarians, schoolmasters, &c. 
from all which dignities, offices, and sinecures, they derive large emoluments, of 
which we have no means of estimating the annual worth. They have also gardens, 
houses, and demesnes, which we have also been obliged to omit for want of 

In the Parliamentary Returns, those only are considered Pluralists who hold more 
than one benefice; we, however, have considered all Pluralists who hold more than one 
living, or parish. We might have called these Unionists, but it is an awkward word, 
and not so well understood as Pluralist. A sort of digest of the Returns will be placed 
at the end. 

The value of tithe and glebe is computed from the average value of land in the 
counties of each diocese, as given by Mr. Wakefield. The value of glebe is con- 
sidered equal to the rent; the value of tithe equal to one-fourth of the rent. Tithe 
and rent always bear to each other the same proportion. If rent rises tithe rises, and 
the contrary. In England tithe is equal to one-fourth of the rent, and we have 
adopted the same proportion for Ireland. The proportion of tithe to rent is taken 
from a very authentic and valuable document, founded on Returns made to the Board 
of Agriculture, of the expense of cultivating 100 acres of land, in various parts of the 
Kingdom, at three distinct periods. As this document has been the basis of our 
calculation, and as it may be useful for reference, it is here inserted. 

Expense of cultivating 100 Acres of Arable Land, in England, at three distinct periods, 
calculated on an Average of the Returns made to Circular Letters from the Board of 
Agriculture, to Farmers in different parts of the Kingdom, 

1790. 1803. 1813. 

£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. 

Rent 88 6 3^ 121 2 7i 161 12 7| 

Tithe 20 14 1| 26 8 Oi 38 17 3§ 

Rates 17 13 10 31 7 7| 38 19 2^ 

Wear and Tear .. 15 13 5§ 22 11 10^ 31 2 10| 

Labour 85 5 4i 118 4 161 12 11^ 

Seed 46 4 10§ 49 2 7 98 17 10 

Manure 48 3 68 6 2 37 7 OJ 

Teams 67 4 10 80 8 0^ 134 19 8| 

Interest 22 11 11| 30 3 8| 50 5 6 

Taxes — — 18 1 4 

Total.. 411 15 11| 547 10 11§ 771 16 4| 

We see, from this, that tithe rose and fell with the rent, and always kept the 
proportion of one-fourth. It appears also that the produce was equal Xofive rents, and 
the tithe being one-fourth of the rent, was, of course, equal to one-twentieth of the 



Irish Pltiralim. 

produce. Owing to the less capital laid out on land in Ireland, it probably does not 
yield more th-Aiifnur or three rents. If it yield four rents, the lithe, at one-fourth the 
rent, is equal to one-sixteenth of the produce; if three rents, one-twelfth of the pro- 
duce. A difference in the proportion between rent and produce does not aller the 
proportion between rent and tithe, which, as before observed, is invariable. 

In adopting the proportion of one-fourth, we are convinced our estimate of the 
value of tithe is greatly below the truth. But we did not wish to be accused of exag- 
gerating the incomes of the Clergy, and we have only exhibited the value of a few 
benefices, of which the returns were tolerably complete, at the lowest possible scale; 
they may, and doubtless are, worth a great deal more, but they cannot ])ossibly be 
worth less. 

Livings, Acres Acres Yearly Value 

Name. Title, and in each of Diocese & Value per Acre, of Tithe 

Residence. Benefice. Glebe. and Glebe. 

Agar, Hon. James* 1 Ra no return 20 Dublin 335. 

1 Vr no return 590 Kilmore 30 

Alcock, George 2 Rr 4,584 30 Lcighlin 27 c£'l>759 

Alcock, Mason 2 Va 11,520 56 Cork 25 3,570 

Alcock, Alexander 1 Va no return 2 Leighlln 27 

2 Ra 3,200 none Ossory 29 1,160 

Allott, Rev. Deanf iD no return none Dublin S3 

6Ra 80,640 279 Raphoe 1 7,080 

Anderson, J 2 Rr 2,486 2 Leighlin 27 841 

Arbuthnot, Alexander 

(Dean of Cloyne) 1 Ra 6,400 24 Cloyne 25 1,530 

■ 3- a no return 28 Tuam 21 

Archdali, William 3 Cr 10,000 none Lei^hlin 27 3,375 

Archdall, Henry 2 Vr no return 14 IVaterford 37 

■ ■ ' 1 Va no return none IFaterford 37 

Armstrong, William .... 3 Va 7,895 19 Cashell 45 4,482 

Armstrong, W.J 3 Rr 3,435 20 Armagh 24 1,055 

Armstrong, R. C 4 Rr 5,863 20 CashelL 45 

1 Va 3,840 none Ossory 29 4,722 

Armstrong, Marcus 1 -r no return 12 Tuajn 21 

Armstrong, John; 3 Rr 34,000 19§ Clonfert 1<2 9,370 

Alexander, Robert§ 2 Ra 1,413 none Cashell 45 

* Archdeacon of Kilmore. 

t Of two parishes the llev. Uean has made no return ; nor of two of the largest glebes. 

X It is probable W. J. and Il^i//ium Armstrong are the same individual. John Armstrong, 
it seems, has three parishes, containing 34,000 acres: only think of one man, and a 
spiritual one too, already filled with the holy ghost, devouring a tenth of all the potatoes, 
tlic corn, hay, pigs, and poultry on 34,000 acres of land. Can any one be surprised at 
famines in Ireland ? Even Egypt, fertilized by the Nile, or Canaan, flowing with milk and 
honey, would be insufHcient to satisfy such monstrous rapacity. The value of land in 
Galway, the site of this large benefice, is estimated by Wakefield at 22s. per acre; so that 
the valiie of tithe, at only otie-J'o)irth the rent, is ^9,'350 a-year. Tl'.e total number of acres 
from which the four Armstrongs, exclusive of the fifth, who has made no return, levy 
tithes, is 57,033. 
§ This is, doubtless, Old Hubert, the Archdeacon of Down, or his son. The Archdeacon 



Irish Pluralists. 

Name. Title, and 


Alexander, Robert .... 2 Va 

.... 1 Ra 

.... 1 Rr 

Aniiesley, William 1 Rr 

^ 1 Cr 

Athill. William 1 Ra 


Atterbury, Francis 4 Ra 

2 Rr 

Austen, Robert 5 Ra 

Austin, Gilbert 5 Va 

1 Vr 

Bagwell, Richard* 3 Ra 

I Rr 

Baldwin, G, S 1 Rr 


Baker, Thomas 3 Vr 

Ball, Stearne 4 Ra 

Barry, Thomasf 2 Rr 

Barton, Thomas 2 - a 

Barry, Philip ...- 3 Rr 

Barton, Edward 2 Rr 

Bayly, li. L 6 Rr 

Ba\ly, John 1 Va 


1 Va 


Bayly, Henry+ 2 Rr 

Beatty, Robert 1 - a 

2 - a 



Yearly Value 

of Diocese & Value per Acre, 

of Tithe 
















no return 









no return 




no return 

no return 




















no return 




. 8,217 





no return 




no return 




no return 






































no return 




no return 




no return 




no return 









no return 








is cousin of the Bishop of Down, and of Lord Caledon, formerly Governor of the Cape. 
Anotlier cousin is M. P. for Old Saruni and one of the Treusimj phalanx. There is a Charles 
Alexaiider, with a living in Armagh ; a James Alexander, with a living in Down ; and a John 
Alexayider, with a living in Meath. Taking the tithe of the six livings of the Pluralist at 
only one-fourth the rent, his yearly income, from tithe and glebe, is „f 5,887, exclusive of his 

* Dean of Clogher. The Pluralist has rectorial and vicarial tithes of two parishes, con- 
taining 8,217 acres, as Chantor of Cashell, with nine acres of glebe and a house. He has 
also besides 500 acres of glebe, and a deanery house, as Dean of Clogher. His brother, 
William Bagwell, a sinecurist, M. P. for Tipperary, is one of the Treasury phalanx. 

t The Barry's are related by marriage to the Earl of Carrick. Philip Barry is a chaplain 
at the castle. 

I John Bayly is treasurer of Kilmore, dean of Killaloe, vicar choral of the two cathedrals 
of Christ church and St. Palrick's, Dublin. Henry Bayly is probably the son of the dean, 
and appears a very industrious youth. He is entered as curate to John Bayly's vicarage, 
and said to perform the duties without any specific salary. He is resident curate for parson 
Bourne, at Rothangon. He performs the duties of three other rectories, for an absent 
prebendary and parson Tisdale (whose residence the bishop returns as unknown), who also 
holds the prebendal sinecure of Maynooth, Dublin. Lastly, he officiates for the rectory of 



Irish Pluralkts. 

Livings, Acres Acres Yearly Value 

Name. Title, and in each of Diocese & Value per Acre. ofTilhe 

Residence. Benefice. Glebe. and Glebe. 

Beaufort, W. L 3 Ra 2,820 21 Cork '25s. 

2 Kr 7,080 39 23 ci'3,281 

Benson, Hill C Rr 10,240 37 Dublin 33 

Beresford, Ciiarles i Rr no return 4,000 Armagh 24 

1 Ra no return i30 Kilmore 3o 

Beresford, G. do la Poer 2 Rr 26,880 49 Cloijne 25 8,46 1 

1-a no return 708 Tuuvi 21 

Beresford, Hon. W'm.*,. 6-r 3o,720 43 Tuam 21 7,619 

.... 1-a no return 523 Tuam 21 

Berwick, Edward C. M. 5 Vr 7,(380 28 Dublin 33 3,200 

Bishop, Dr. VNarburtoiif 5 Ba 19,200 114 Cloijne 25 6,142 

Bishop's Mensals iBa no return none 25 

1 Ba no return no return ■ 25 

iBa no return no return 25 

Blakeley, Tlionias 5 Ra 19,4tj6 none Donne 28 6,813 

Blakeney, I'homas 3-r 15,788 none Elphin 35 6,411 

Blake, Edward 2 Vr 9,535 20 Leighlin '27 3,244 

Blood, Frederick^ 5 Rr 97,920 26 Killaloe 33 41,256 

Blundell, Dr 3-r 13,8o5 14 E/pliin 35 C,o63 

Bond, Winsley 4 Rr 7,900 10 Lelglilin 27 2,656 

— 4 - a ll,4r,5 1 Elplua 33 4,938 

Borrovves, Joseph 3-r 44,800 13 KilUda 18 9,868 

Bourne Wni 1 Va no return none Dublin 33 

1 Rr no return 29 Kitdare 36 

* The Eeresford's had lately three bishoprics in Ireland : tliey have now two. To enter 
minutely into all the offices, dignities, and sinecures of the I'aniily would require a volume. It 
is supposed they and their connections fill one-fourth of all the places in Ireland. Tlie> have 
valuable sintcures as wine -tasters, store-keepers, and purse-bearers. One of llu-ni is the Arch- 
bishop of Dublin, another Bishop of Kihnore. The value of these sees is inuiiense ; that of 
Kilmore is stated by Mr. Wakefield at „£ 100,000 a-y ear. The archbishop has three sons 
in the church with rich benefices. It is impossible to estimate the incomes of the Pluralists, 
as none of the returns are complete. The value of the glebe only must be immense. Of the 
4,000 acres of glebe in the first benefice of Charles Beresford, 477 are in an improved stale ; 
the 5,300 acres of glebe in boiii livings are worth ^ 6,750 a-year, at the average rent of land in 
Armagh and Kilmore; what ilun must be the value of tithe? The livings ol George de la 
Poer Beresford are not less valuable — the two of which there are returns is J;^ 8,461 a-year, 
and that of which only the glebe is returned is jjrobably worth as much. The livings of 
William Beresford seem still more extensive. J he average income of each pluralist cannot be. 
taken at less than ^20,000 a-year. 

t Mr. Wakefield slates that the livings in gift of the Bishop of Cloyne are worth ^.50,000 
a-year. One living, he says, is worth ^3,000 a-year, another of 2,000, and three worth 
o£l,500 a-year each. The late bishop, Dr. Bcnnet, had live rectories and vicarages u:iited, 
upon which no church, till lately, was built. The present liishop, Warburton, it seems, holds 
four benefices ; that of five parishes is held in commendam with the see of Cloyne. It extends 
over iy,200 acres, and has only one church and one curate to the whole district. 

X The pluralist has only one' curate for all the five parishes. In four parishes, containing 
78,080 acres, there is only one church. The diocese of Killaloe, the site of the benefice, is 
included in the counties of Clare, lippcrary, and King's County, where the average rent of 
land is 33s. per acre. If instead of a fourth of the rent, the pluralist carries offa tenth of the 
produce, his income must be enormous: supposing land in Killaloe to \ield five rents, as in 
England, the tithe of the produce is ^'80,784 a-year. 



Irish Pluralists. 

Livings, Acres Acres 

Name. Title, and in each of 

Residence. Benefice. Glebe. 

Bourke, Hon. James 3 Ra no return 35 

Bourke, George 3 Ra 2,748 20 

1 Ra no return none 

Bourke, Joseph (Dean)* 1 Ra 31,840 250 

1 Rr 1,440 20 

Boyd, Wm 3 Vr 7,519 30 

Boyd, Hannington 2 Rr no return 20 

Boyd, Ralph 2 Rr 4,300 18 

Brandon, Lord Wm. .... 4 Ra 37,000 27 

Brabazon, George 1 Va no return none 

2 Vr 6,588 40 

Brilliane, George 3-r 7,177 13 

Brinkley, Dr 4 -a 10,410 none 

Browne, P. (Dean)t 1 - r 5,457 23 

4Ra 10,000 20 

Browne, Chaworth 8 Va 18,398 31 

I 4 Va no return 12 

Brooke, Thomas 3 Ra 3,040 none 

Burke, John 11 Vr 16,000 26 

Burnet, John 3 Ra no return 6 

Burrows, James 2 - r 17,920 33 

Burdett, John 1 Ra no return 2 

2 Rr 6,398 233 

Burgh, John 2 Ra 2,000 5 

1 Cr no return 20 

Bushe, Wm 2 Rr no return 309 

Butler, James 2 R r 5,484 40 

Butler, Wm 2 Ra 19,200 2 

Butler, John 3 Vr 15,360 20 

Butler, Richardt 5 Rr 9,861 185- 

8 Rr doubtful 20 

Butson, John S 3 Rr 11,000 40 

2Ra 12,000 95 

Carey, 01iver§ 7 - a 17,373 none 

1 - a 1 ,891 none 

Cassan, Joseph|l 1 Rr no return none 

4Ra 10,000 none 

Diocese & Value per Acre. 

Waterford 37s. 















: 37 













































* The pluralists are brothers of 'Earl Mayo, the Irish peer. Another brother is Bishop of 
Waterford, and Dr. Fowler, Bishop of Ossory, is a relation. The dean has a son in the army, 
and a sister married an admiral. Supposing the dean takes a tenth of the produce, his 
income is immense. A tenth of the produce of 53,280 acres in Ossory, at five rents, is 
of38,628 a-year. 

t Cousin of the Marquis of Sligo. His uncle, Dennis Broione, is a Coraiuissioner for the 
issue of money in Ireland, The Browne's on the Irish establishment are very numerous. 

I Several of the Butler's, but we cannot ascertain the number, belong to the families of 
the Earl of Carrick and Marquis of Orniond. 

§ There is only one church in the eight parishes of which the pluralist performs the duties, 
receiving ,£8,320 yearly for his ttoutle — perhaps twice as much. 

II lu the second benefice of four parishes there is no church, and the rector absent. 




Irish Pluralists. 

Livings, Acres Acres 

Name. Title, ami in each of 

Rcsklenco. Benefice. Clebt; 

Cassidy, Mark 3 Ra 

'■ 1 Cr 

Chartres, Mark 3 Rr 

Chester, John 2 Vr 

Chichester, Edward 1 Ra 

.... 1 Rr 

Cleaver, Wm 3 Rr 

Cobbe, Wm 2 - r 

Cooke, Jolin 5 Rr 

CoUis, T. C 2Rr 

Cox, Richard 3 Vr 

Cox, Wm 3 Ra 

Coddingtoii, Latham. ... 2 Ca 

.... 1 1 Vr 

Cotter, George 4 Ra 

Connor, George 3 Vr 

ConoUy, Joiin '2 Vr 

ConyntTJiam, Wm 5 - a 

Conyngham, Lancelot . . 5 Xr 
Craddock, Thomas '.' \'a 

.... 1 Cr 

Crawford, James 3 - r 

Crampton, Jonah 2 Rr 

Crofton, Hon. Henry . . 3 - r 

Croker, Edward 2 Rr 

Cvoker, Richard 2 Rr 

Cromie, Jolni ; . . 2 - a 

Cumine, Ralph 2 Vr 

Cupples, Edward 3 Vr 

Cuny, David R 2 - r 

Davey, Joshua 2 Rr 

Daly, James* 8 - r 

■Davoren, Andrew 2 Vr 

Davoren, William 2 Vr 

Dawson, Richard 3 Vv 

DawBon, Henry R 3 Vr 

Dealtry, R- B 3 Ra 

1 Ra 

Dean and Chapter 4 Cr 

Dean of Cork 1 Rr 



DeCourcy, Michaelf .. 3 Rr 


no return 


no return 

no return 

no return 



15, MG 




no return 








no return 






no return 






no return 


no re; urn 



no return 


no return 

no return 

no return 


Diocese & Value per Acre. 

no return 


no return 


























DiibUn 33 
Tuam 2 1 

IFaterford 37 







Limerick 4 1 



Mcath 31 

and Glebe. 













* It would be curious to ascertain the real income from this enormous plurality. The 
average rent in I'uani is 21s. per acre, and, supposing the produce equals live rents, the lithe 
amounts to ,^ lo7,08S a-ycar. What a stipend tor a parish priest I Wo suppose the 
pluralist has heen indtbted lor his good fortune to one of the Judges in the King's Bench, in 
Ireland, or to Jama Daly, I\I. P. for Cialwavshirc, and a staiuich Tnasuru man. 

t A relation of Jxirrf Kingsale. It is stated, in the Irish Peerage, that King John granted 



Irish Piuralists. 

Livings, Acres Acres Yearly Value 

Name. Title, and in each cf Diocese & Value per Acre, of Tithe 

Residence. Benefice. Glebe. and Glebe. 

De Lacy, Thomas 4 Rr 8,900 882 Meath 3\s. ^4,811 

iRa no return 22 31 

Denny, Barry 3 Vr no return Limerick 28 

3 Ra no return 20 

Dennis, Meade 3 Rr 4,721 20 31 1,941 

Dennis John 3-r 92,160 40 Tuam 21 21,231. 

Devereux, John 3 Vr S,320 2 Waterford 37 3,648 

Dickson, Stephen 3 Ra no return 105 Down 

Dickson, Wm 3 Rr no return 

Dickson, I. Lowry 2Va 3,200 none Dublin 28 

1 Vr no return 312 Kihnorc 33 1,319 

Digbv, Simon 3 Ra 4^960 none Kildare 36 2,232 

Dillon, Ralph 5 Ra 24,000 48 Clonfert 22 6,749 

1 Ra no return none Kildare 36 

• 1 Rr no return 15 Do-xn 28 

Disney, Brabazon 1 Ra no return 5 Meatli 31 

5 Rr 6,989 58 ■ 31 2,750 

Douglas, Archibald 3 Va 8,239 12^ Kildare 36 3,728 

.... 1 Vr no return 10 36 

Downes, Abraham 2 Rr 19,200 29 Killalnc 3'i 7,963 

Draffin.F.* 9 Rr 9,513 60 Leighlin 27 3,290 

Duddell, John 2 Rr no return Limerick 

Duncan, David 2 Rr no return 20 Doivn 28 

Dwyer, George 2 Rr 5,400 J2 Clonfert 22 1,498 

Eastwood, Wm. 6 Rr 7,243 15 Leighlin 27 2,463 

Elgee, John 9 Rr 7,193 8 Leighlin 27 2,436 

1 Ra no return no return 

Eustace, Charles 2 Ra 2,982 Kildare 36 1,341 

Eyre, Richard 7 Vr 12,400 3§ Clonfert 22 3,413 

Falkiner, Dr 2 Rr 4,619 3§ Leighlin 27 1,362 

Falkiner, Richard 6-r 144,000 none Tuam 21 37,800 

Fautlough, Thomas 2 Rr 2,015 43 Meath 31 846 

Filgate, Tovvnley 4 Rr 5,291 20 Jrmagh 24 1,612 

-^Fitzgeraid,Henry Veseyt 2 Ra unknown 110 Cashell 45 

. . 1 Ra no return 330 Kilmore 30 

Fitzgerald, Patrick 2 Vr 1,354 S Cashell 45 779 

Fitzgerald, Michael 5 Vr 20,480 10 Killaloe 33 8,464 

Fleury George 4 Rr no return none IVaterford 31 

Fleury Richard 2 Va 3,850 6 37 1,791 

Forde William 1 Rr no return 6o Dromore 25 

1 Ra no return 9 Leighlin 27 

Forde Roger 3 Ra 5,939 24 Meath 31 2,339 

to the ancestors of this peer and his successors tiie unique privilege of wearing his hat in the 

royal presence. We believe Friend Penn obtained a similar privilege from King Charles; 
nay more, he was allowed to wear his hat while the King stood uncovered. 

* Five churches in ruins in this plurality. 

f Dean of Enily, and brother of Willium V. Fitzgerald, M. P. late Chancellor of the 
Exchequer in Ireland. The father of them is a Bencher, in King's Inn, Dublin. The other 
piuralists of this name are doubtless members of the family. 



Irish Phiralists. 

Yearly Value 
Ptocese & Value per Acre, of Tithe 
and Glebe. 

Livings, Acres Acres 

Name. Tit e, and in eacU of 

Residence. Benefice. Glebe. 

Forsayeth, Kobeit 3 Rr 3,3'22 19 Clonfert 

Foster, Sir Thomas * 3 Rr 4,670 17 Armagh 

3 Ra 12,800 30 Dublin 

Foster, James W 2 Rr 4,030 none Cashell 

Foster, Wm 3 Rr no return 5 Clonfert 

Foster, George 2 Rr 6,189 37 

Franklin, George 1 Cr 2,909 7 Limerick 

1 Ra no return C 

Frazer, Wm.f 3 Ra no return none Waterjord 

French, John+ 2 Ra 1 1 ,520 2 Clomie 

• 3Ra 23,040 9 Dublin 

■ 2 - r 8,534 242 Elphin 

Garslin, Norman 2 Rr 1,777 10 Limerick 

Galbraitl), John 4 Va 7,680 none Dublin 

Galway, Wm, 4 Ra 8,055 \ Cashell 

Gabbett, Robert 3 Vr 7,64o 13 Killaloe 

Gallagher, Owen .^^^,. 5-r 12,300 11^ Elphin 

Garrett, John 5-r 46,080 20 Killala 

Gregory, James 1 Va no return 10 Kildare 

1 Vr no return 25 

Grogan, Edward 1 Rr no return none Leighlin 

1 Ra no return none • 

Godfrey, Wm 2 Rr no return 20 Limerick 

• 1 Va no return none ' 

Goff, Thomas 3 Cr 16,000 l6 Dublin 

Gough, Thomas 1 Rr no return none Leighlin 

3Ra 7,162 13 Cashell 

Grace, Thomas 5-r 256,000 28 Tua7n 

Grady, Standish 9 — no return Killaloe 

Grady, Standish 3 Vv no return 16 IVuterford 

Grady, Thomas 4 Rr 5,569 30 Cashell 

Graves, H. M 4 Rr 9,937 20 Cashell 

Greaves, Thomas 2 Rr no return 3 Cork 

Gregson, George L 2 Rr 7,858 16 Meath 

Greves, John 5 Vr 6,500 6 Limerick 

Griftlth, Val 3 Va 1,769 20 Armagh 

Griffin, Michael 3 - a 6,722 18 Elphin 

Grove William 2-r 25,600 9 Killala 

Goulsbury, J. H 1-a 9,193 20 Elphin 

— — . 1-a 5,760 20 























of 1,906 








t The pliiralisl has the mastcrsiiip of Carysforl school, a perfect •Mitciire ; ultcH't-ther !i« 
appears well provided — 17,470 acres of litiie, and 47 acres of glebe, and a hoiifc on eacli 
benefice. The other Foftcrs are, doublless, near a-kin. 

t There is iieilher parsonage-house nor cliurcli in this plurality. 

II This spiritual monopolist is also Dean of Elphin. He has seven livings, containiuj; 
43,094 acres of lithe, and 2.Vj acres of glehe ; which at only one-fourth of the rent is £l7,r>74 
a-year, exclusive of the deanery. What liis real income is no one can tell. He ii a rclaiion 
of Lord Clancartij, late non-rcsidciit Postiuaster-g«nerul, and ainlmssador to Holland, whose 
brother is Archbishofvof Tnawu 



Irish FLum lists. 

Livings, Acres 

Name. Title, and in eacli 

Residence. Benefice. 

Goodman, J 1 Cr no return 

■ ■ 2 Va no return 

Gordon, James 4 Vr no return 

Gore, Thomas* 4 Rr 5,100 

3 Ra 4,030 

Gouldsbury, Ponsonby . 5 Ra 5,478 

.. 3Ra 4,465 

. . 1 Cr no return 

Gouldsbury, Eobert 2-r 5,120 

Glascott, Wm. .... 4 Rr 7,262 

Graham, James f- I Ra no return 

1 Rr no return 

Guimes, Hosea 1 Cr no return 

3Ra 1,920 

Gwynne, J 1 Va no return 

5 Rr no return 

Hackett, Thomas+ 5 - a 1 2,000 

8- r 21,855 

Hadlock, Wm 2 Vr 3,840 

Hales, John 2 Ca 3,380 

Hall, Bond 3 Rr 

Hamilton, Richard 3 Rr 3,264 

Hamilton, Alexander. . .. 3 Ra 360 

Hamilton, HansJ 8 Rr 36,400 

Hamilton, Abraham .... 1 Vr no return 

1 Va no return 

Hamilton, James 4 Vr 12,800 

Hamilton, Sackville ... . 1 Ra no return 

2 Vr 51 ,200 

Hamilton, Wm 2 Vr 1 ,920 

Handcock, Thomas 2 Rr 4,828 

Hardman, George 3 Rr 3,264 

of Diocese Sc Value per 

none Limerick 




no return 















unknown Dublin 














yearly Value 
Acre. ofTithe 

and Glebs. 




























25 16,005 

Diiblin 33 795 

Leitrhlin 27 1 ,644 

Mmth 31 1,2S6 

• In these seven parishes all the churches are in ruins, but the glebe-hcuse is in repair. 

t The pluralist has two houses, and has returned the glebe, but not tlie quantity of the 

^ This man has thirteen livings, worth, at only oiie-lnurth of thf rent, ^"14,881 a-year. 
The five parishes in the first benefice, annexed to the prebend of Kilinacallane, are an abso- 
lute sinecure, without any church, or any duties whatever. The whole diocese of Elphin is 
cut up into 37 benefices, containing 266,928 acres of actual returns of improved land (exclu- 
sive of 80,000 acres of unimproved land), wliicli, calculating at 35s. per acre, (the value 
placed on the whole county, by Wakefield,) amounts to ^467,124 rental ; a fourth of which, 
divided among 31 incumbents, averages ^3,767 each. Of tliese 31 incumbents 15 are 
absent, six are sinecuritts, 19 ate piuralists, nine of whom do not resirL' on any of their bene- 
fices. The duties of the resident incumbents it is iujI easy to ascertain. By the returns to the 
House of Lords, in 1766, there were 1,.S0I) Pruiestanis in the diocese; and by the return of 
Dr. Beaufort, in 1792, there were only 1,075. The result is, tliat, in the diocese of Elphin, 
there are 31 parsons, witli an average salary of ^3,687 a-year, for ministering religious rites 
to 24 persons. Supposing the Protestants are nictiiodists the livings become perfect sinecures. 

X These Hamilton's seein all very comfortable, with 16, 13, and ^T4,0tX) a-year each. 



Irish Plnralists. 

Livings, Acres 

Name. Title, and in each 

Residence. Benefice. 

Hartigan, Edward 3 Rr 9,000 

Hart, George* 1 Ra 2,192 

6- a 76,800 

Harvey, Wm. 1 Ra no return 

1 Rr no return 

Hawkey, Wm 2 Va no return 

Hawkins, Thomas 4 Rr 1 1,520 

Helsham, Paul 3 Rr 1,600 

Herbert, Prcsland 2 Vr no return 

Herbert, Nicholas 2 Ra noreturn 

Hewson, Robert 1 Cr no return 

1 Va no return 

Hickey, Ambrose 1 Ra noreturn 

— 2 Ra 5,400 

Hickson, Robert 1 Vr noreturn 

■ 1 Ra no return 

Hill, Charles 2 Vr no return 

Hingston, Dr. .lames 1 Ra no return 

— 1 Ra noreturn 

.... 1 Ra noreturn 

Hingston, James jun 1 Rr noreturn 

■ . 1 Ra noreturn 

Hoare, W. D 1 Ra 1, ItiO 

I Ra noreturn 

Hodges, John 2 Vr noreturn 

Holland, Simon 2 Ra 5,120 

Holmes, Rev. Dean 3 Rr ]7..920 

■ .... 1 Ra noreturn 

Hughes, Wm 2 Rr 4,506 

Hunter, Stephen 2 Vr no return 

Hyde, Mathew 2 Vr noreturn 

1-a noreturn 

Ingliam, David 2 Vr '^',4:50 

Ingram, H.I 2 Rr 4,500 

Ivonson, Robert 5 Kr 14,351 

Irvine, Wm. Henry 3 - r 4,330 

Irvine, G. L 2 Vr 4,463 

Irwine, Crinus 1 . . no return 

1 Va no return 

1 Va noreturn 

Trwine, Blaney 1 Vr no return 

1 Ca noreturn 

Josop, R. F 3-r 11,520 

Johnson, Burton 1 Ra noreturn 

2 Ra 51,000 

Johnson, Henry 2 Va 9,600 

2Rr 7,G80 

Diocf se & Value per Acre. 



























































and Glebe. 



20, 1 ] 4 




,7 (it 



• In the first benefice no duty performed by any one ; in (lie second bciiclice of ^ix )>arislics, 
only cue church and one curate : yet the annual income is £21,241. 



Iriih Pluralists. 


Johnson, Mr 

Joly, H. E 

Jones, Christopher . . . 

Title, and 

,.. 2Va 
... 2Ra 
... 4Ra 
... 2Cr 

in each 

no return 



no return 

no return ' 

no return 


no return 

no return 










no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 


no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 

I 20,035 



of Di 
























no return 


ocese & Value pei 
























Yearly Value 

and Glebe. 



... 2Ra 

... 2Rr 

... 3Vr 

1 Vr 

Jones, Henry 

Jones, Anthony 


" 1 Va 

... 2Rr 









Kearnly, John 

Kearnly, Thomas ... 
Kemmis, Thomas .... 

... iRa 
... 3Rr 
... 4Rr 

... 7Vr 
... 7Ra 
... 2Vr 
. . . 2 - a 
. .. 5Rr 



Kennedy, Kennedy . 
Kenny, A. H 


... iRr 

1 Ra 

Killaloe Cathedral , . . 
KinsT, riiomas 

... 6Cr 
... 2Rr 








Knox, Hon. Charles . 

... 2Rr 
... 4Ra 
... iRa 
... 1 Ra 


Knox, Spencer 

Knox, W^iliiam , . . 

. . . 1 Ra 

Knox, Hon. Edward* 

Knipe, Thomas G 

Langrishe, Hercules . 

. . . IRa 

... 2Rr 
... 2Rr 



* These are brotliers of Lord Northland, peer of Ireland. Anotlier brother, who has a son, 
captain in the navy, is bishop of Derry. Another brother is Weigher at Cork. Two Knoxes, 
Thamas and Vcssey, are joint Prothonatories of the Common Pleas in Ireland, with upwards 
iu ^10,000 a year. One son of Lord Northland is captain in the navy ; another is a major 
of the army; a third, the eldest, isM. P. for Dungannon, and one of the Treasurij team. 
This son married a daughter of the late Archbishop of Armagh, who is related to Stuart iVortley, 
M. P. for Yorkshire. The Knoxes are also linked witli the Buckinghamshire and other 
families. Tiieir emoluments, from Church and State, must be immense; but there is no 
stating them correctly. The see of Derry is worth, according to Wakefieid, ^120,000 
a-year. 'Ihe Hon. Charles Knox has two livings, without any description whatever, with 529 
acres of glebe and a house. He has also four parishes in Dublin, worth ai the lowest ^'3,869 
a-year. The Rev. Spencer and the Pvev. JVilUam Knox have in like manner returned only the 
quantity of glebe, and not of tithe in their parishes. These two are absentees, living in France, 
with their wives and families, by permission of tlieir relation, the Bishop of Derry. In the return 



Irish Pltiralists. 

Living?, Acres 

Name. Title, and in each 

Residence. Benefice. 

1 -am bert, George 5 Ra no return 

~ 5Rr 6,.571 

1 Ka no return 

Leatry, Jolin 3 Va 1 :5,26S 

Lee, ijslier (Dean) 6 Ra no return 

3 Va 9,600 

Lefona, Peter 1 Ra no return 

1 O no return 

L' Estrange, Tlionias 4 Rr 2(3,880 

Lewis, John 'J \ a 

Lewis, William 1 Vr no return 

1 Ra no return 

Liflford, Vise. (Dean)*.. 1 Ra no return 

.... 1 Rr no return 

Liddiard, William S Rr 5,004 

Lindsay, A 3 Rr 2,032 

— — 1 Ra no return 

Little, George 6 Rr 8,45 1 

Little, James 2- a 4,740 

5- r 35,200 

Little, Simon 2 Ra no return 

Little, Chariest 6 Cv S,6yo 

1 Vr no return 

1 Ra no return 

Locke, Thomas '2 Rr 7,524 

1 Ra 5,308 

Lockwood, Thomas .... 1 Va '205 

1 Ca 870 

Lombard, John 1 Ra no return 

1 Rr no return 

Longfteld, Robert 1 Va no return 

3 Rr 3,980 

Longfield, Mounteford . . l\r no return 

.. '2 Ra no return 

Lord, Arthur 2 Ra 4,029 

Lodge, Francis 1 Ra 3'20 

1 ^'a 2,240 

Lucas, Daniel 2 Ra no return 





















Yearly Value 
Diocese i: Value per Acre, of I'ithe 
and Glebe. 


Armagh 24*. 


Kilniorc 30 
Wuttrford 37 

'■ — 37 







Clog her 









C Inline 












90 Limerick 41 

22 41 

— Cashell 45 

— Limerick 41 











2, '295 

of the Him. Edmimd Kmx, the quantity of glebe is omitted : tlic incooic of this man raust he 
very great: tlii' tithe of Iiis five livings, at only one-fourth the rent, is ^7,01'i a year. 
He is also Dean of Down, and llie Deanery, in 1810, let for ^'3,700 a-ycar. Another of 
the family, John Kmsel Knox, lias a vicarage in Kilmore, without any return of tithe, with 
5-il acres of glebe, and u house. Several /crwaZe Knoxes are on the Pension List. 

• The noble pliaalisl is Dean of Armagh. Ilig spiritual income mus^t be very great, but 
having omitted the ciuantily of tithe, there is no conjecturing the amount. 

t C. lAiKhmj is also Archdeacon and Prt beiwiary in Kildare, of which diocese a C. Lindiay 
is bishop. Whether the arclideacon, prebendary, rector, vicar, and bishop, are the same 
person, or father and son, is uncertain. The bishop has a living in Dublin, and is Deau of 
Christchurch. He is brother of Earl Balcarras. 



Irish Pluralists. 

Name. Title, and 


M'Clintock, Alexander. . 1 Ra 

. . 1 Ra 

M'CauIey, Alexander ... 4 Ra 
Macartny, George 3 Va 

1 Vr 

Macartny, Wm. George . 2 Ra 


Mahon, James (Dean) . . 5 . . 

Mahon, Arthur 2 - r 

Mahon, Edward 3 - r 

Mahon, Henry 2 Rr 


Mahon, Thomas 3 - r 

Madder, George 5 Rr 

Maude, Hon. Charles .. 3Rr 

Maude, Hon. Robert 3 Rr 

Marsh, Robert 7 Rr 

Marsh, Jeremiah 2 Rr 

M'Guire, Arthur 1 Rr 

2 Ra 

Martin, James 3 Vr 


Marcus, Monk 3 Rr 

M'Ghie, James 4 Ra 

M'Cullough, A 2 Rr 

Maunsell, William 2 Rr 

3 Va 

Maunsell, Thoinas ...... 1 Ra 

1 Rr 

Maunsell, Richard 2 Rr 

Magennis, William 3 Vr 


Maxwell, Henry* 2 - a 

Meade, Robert 1 Ra 

. iRr 

Meade, Pierse 1 Ra 


Meara, William . 1 Va 

1 Rr 

Meara, James 3 Rr 


Meara, Johnf 7-r 

Miller, William+ 10 Vr 

Moffatt, William 2 Rr 


Yearly Value 

in each 


Diocese & Value per Acre. 




and Glebe. 

no return 




no return 









no return 



no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 

















no return 






















no return 









no retu rn 

























no return 










no return 



! 37 











no return 




no return 


no return 





no return 








no return 



















* Eight glebes omitted in the return. 

t In these seven parishes are one churcli, one parson, and one curate, 
t One vicar, with one church in ten parishes ; eight of which have no church : yet the tithe, 
at only one-fourth the rent, is upwards of ^58,000 a-year. 




Irish Pluralists. 


Name. Title, and 


Molony, Weldoii 2 Vr 

Moore, Olwt-11 6 Rr 

Moore, Charles 1 Cr 

1 Ra 

Montgomery, E 2 Ra 

Montgomery, Alex 1 Kr 

■ .... 1 Ra 

Morgan, Hamilton 1 Rr 

.... 3Va 

Morgan, Moore 2 Rr 

iNJorgan, James* 2 Vr 

Monck, I'homas S 2 Ra 

Murphy, John 3 Rr 

Newman, Horatio J 2 Rr 

Newport, Francis 3 \'a 

Newenham, Thomas . 3 Va 

Niligan, Frederick 2 Rr 

Nixon, Brinsley 1 Ra 


O'Connor, George 2 Ra 

Olway, Samuelf 2 Ra 

O'Rorke, John 5 - a 

Orr, John 1 R 

1 - r 

Oiild, Fielding 3 Ra 

Owen, Roger 3 Ra 

^ iRr 

Pakenham, Henry 6 Rr 

Palmer, Joseph (Dean).. 2Ra 

.... 3Ra 


Palmer, Edwin 2 Rr 

Palmer, Henryt 2 Vr 

Parkinson, Thomas .... 2 Rr 

Parker, John 3 Ra 

Parke, Samuel 3 Vr 

Parsons, William 2 Ra 

Pasley, William 2 Vr 

Pasley, Henry 3 - a 

Peacocke, William 2 Rr 

Pennefather, John 4 Rr 

Pigott, Thomas 1 Rr 

Poe, James 2 Rr 



Diocese & Value per Acre. 

fearlv Value 



ind Glebe. 










no retnrn 

no return 








no return 




no retnrn 





















no return 




no return 




no return 



















no return 













no return 



















no return 




no return 






no return 







no return 


















no return 









no return 








no return 



























* Tlie pluriiiist lias five glebes, but lias made no return, 
t A sinecure ; no church ; curate's salary ^5. 

t The Palmer's, we suppose are all me family: Joseph is Dean of Cabliel! ; his two pluralities 
«re sinecures, without cure of souls. 



Irish Plnralists. 

Name. Title, and 


Pomeioy, Hon. Jolin .... 1 Vr 

.... iVa 

Ponsonby, R. (Dean) . . 

.... 2Ra 

Porter, John Grey.* .... 1 Va 

.... iRa 

Power, Wm 2 Va 

Preston, John 7 Vr 

Preston, Joseph 4 Rr 

Preston, Arthur (Dean) . . 3 Ra 

.. 6Rr 

Pratt, Joseph 2 Rr 

Pratt, James 2 Rr 

Price, Edward (Arch- 
deacon) 4 Rr 

.... 3Va 

Purcell, Matthew i Rr 

J Rr 

Quin, Thomas 3 Ra 

RadclUf, Thomas ...... 1 Ra 

5 Cr 

Radcliff, Richard 3 Ra 

Radclitf, Stephen 6 Rr 

1 — 

Rial!, Samuel ..^... 6 Rr 

Richardson, Richard 2 Rr 

Ridge, John B 1 Rr 

1 Ra 

Robinson, Thomas 1 Vr 


Robinson, Christopher . . 4 - r 

Roche, G. 1^ 2 Vr 

Roe, Peter 1 Va 

1 Cr 

Roper, Henry (Arch- 
deacon) 1 Ra 

.... 1 Rr 

Ross, Alexander 2 Rr 

Rowley, John 1 Rr 


Russell, Francis 5 Vr 

Russell, Chariest lo- r 

Rutledge, Francis 3 - r 

Ryan, Philip . . 3 Rr 



no return 


no return 

no return 

no return 




no return 





no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 





no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 

no return 


no return 
no return 
no return 
no return 
no return 



Yearly Value 
: & Value per Acre, of Tithe 
and Glebe. 

— Dublin 



33*. .£6,374 


no retuT 

















Waterford 37 











Cashell 45 

Waterford 37 

Ossory 29 


Meath 31 

Ttuim 2 1 
Waterford 37 
Ossory 29 








Waterford 37 















* A relative of the late Biiha-p Porter. No return of either tithe or glebe in the first bene- 
fice ; in the second, the tithe is omitted, but there is a large glebe of 1,113 acres, 
t No church in these ten parishes, nor curate, and only one parson. 



Irish Pluralists. 

Name. Title, and 


Sandes, Patrick 2 Yr 

2 Ra 

Sandys, Josepli 5 Rr 

St. Elov, Henry i Ra 

• 2 Rr 

St. George, George ... 2 . r 

.... 2 Rr 

St. George, Arthur 3 Rr 

St. George, Henry .... 4 Rr 
St. Lawrence, Tiiomas . . l Ra 

.... 1 Ra 

St. Lawrence, Edward . . 1 Va 

.... 3Ra 

St. Leger, Hon. James*. . 4 Ra 

.. 3Ra 

Sandiford, James 1 Ra 

1 Rr 

'_ Rr 

Sandiford, Henry 1 Va 


3 Ra 

Saurin, James (Dean)t.. 6 — 

Scarlett, Robert 2 - r 

Scott, Jolin (Dean) 2 Ra 

1 Ra 

Seymour, John 6Ra 


Seymour, Joseph 3 - r 

Shields, Wentworth 2 Va 

Shields, Hugh 4 Rr 

Simpson, Veatch 3 - a 

Slater, James 1 Vr 


Smitii, Nathaniel 1 Rr 

1 Ra 

Smith, Samuel 3 Vr 

Smith, Percy 2 Vr 

Smith, James '2\r 


Stanley, Robert 4 Vr 


Yearly Valu« 

in each 

of Diocese & Value per Acre. 




and Glebe. 






no return 









no return 





























no return 



no return 



no return 
















no reluin 


no return 

no return 



























JFatcrford 37 







no return 


















no return 



no return 




no return 
no return 






no return 


J, 920 



d 37 


no return 







• This hono\irable pluralist has seven rectories, containing 16,515 acres of tithe, worth at 
least ^7,393 a-year. lie keeps one curate, living liimself <it Bath, on account of (he gout. 

t This union of 89,600 acies is near the city of Londonderry, and was made by |)atcnt in 
the reign of James L There are three glebes ; one of tiOO acns within a mile of the church, 
another of 600 within three miles of Londonderry church, and a third, of 150 acres, within 
a mile. We have estimated the value of glebe and tithe at ,£ 21,375, but it is probably worth 
more. There is a Saurin Bishop of Dromore; another was lately Attorney-general for 



Irish Piuralists. 

Name. Title, and 


Stanley, Thomas 4 Va 

1 Cr 

Staughton, Anthony* 10 Va 

Stawell, Francis 2 Rr 

Stevenson, George .... 6 Rr 

Stevenson, A 3 Ra 


Stewart, Henry 1 Rr 


Stewart, James 4 Rr 

Stock, Edwhi 4 - r 

Stopford, Francis 2 Rr 

Stopford, James 4 Rr 

Stopford, Edwardt .... 1 Ra 

.... 1 Rr 

Studdert, Richard 3 Va 

Sutton, Thomas 2 Rr 

Symes, Richard 2 Ra 

Symes, Henry 3 Rr 

Thompson, WilUam .... 6 Rr 

. . 1 Ra 

Thomas, Bartholomew . . 4 Rr 

Thomas, Edwin 7 Vr 

Tighe, Thomas 2 Vr 

Tisdall, Thomas 3 Ra 

Toler, John 3 Rr 

Tonson, Hon. Ludlow .. 2 Rr 

.. 2Ra 

Torrens, John 5 Vr 


Townsend, Horatio .... 1 Ra 

.... 6Ra 

Trail, Anthony 1 Ra 


Trail, William .., e Ra 

Trench, Charles Le Poer 3 Rr 

— 1 -a 

Trench, StewartJ 4 Vr 

Tuckey, Charles 2 Ra 


Tucker, Thomas 2 Va 


Turner, Joseph 5 Vr 


Acres \ 
of Diocese & Value per Acre. 

early Value 



and Glebe, 

no return 



no return 

no return 




no return 


















no return 


















no return 









no return 



no return 








• 1,025 





no return 






no return 


no return 


no return 



no return 




no return 























no return 



no return 








no return 



no return 

no return 



no return 
















no return 



; 37 















* How defective the returns are is apparent from this: the Pluralist is absent from all his 
TEN livings ; has made no return of tithe, but has put down three-quarters of an acre of glebe 
(m jest we suppose). 

t Two thousand acres of glebe ; no church nor curate ; and probably no hearers. 

t The Trenchis are brothers of the Archbishop of Tuam and of Lord'Clancarty, nou-resideut 



Irish Plttralists. 

Livings, Acres Acres Yearly Value 

Name. Titie, and in each of Diocese & Value per Acre, of Tithe 

Kesidencc. lienefice. Glebe. and Glebe. 

Usher, Hemsworth 2 Rr 2,847 20 Meath 

5 Va 18,376 205 3\s. ^8,572 

Usher, Cornelius II 1 Rr noietiirn 960 Raplioe 

1 Ra no return 434 7 

Verschoyie, J. jun 6-r 40,080 29 Killala 18 10,394 

Verschoyle, Joseph* 2 - r 30,720 29 ' 

2-a 1!',3()0 50 18 •--- 

Vessey, Hon. Arthur 5 Ra 19,200 15 Killaloe 33 

Vicars, Robert 2 Kr 9,^'99 26 Kildare 36 

Vincent, R. B 4 Ra 13,000 20 Cloiifcrt 22 

5 Ra 12,331 47 Meafit 31 

Wallace, John 2 Vr 8,238 10§ Wutcrford 37 

Wainwright, Mark 4 Ra 3,439 15 Meatli 31 

Wakeley, William 2 Rr 2,390 Kildare 36 

Waller, William I Va no return Cork 25 

. 3 Rr 6,903 1 Leighlin 27 

Wall, Garrett 3Ra 2,076 3 1 Cusliell 

2 Rr 4,449 40 45 

Wallis, Thomas 6 Vr l3,44o 21 Ossory 29 

Warren, Robert 2 Rr 25,000 55 Cork 25 

Waring, Lucas 3 Rr 43,000 30 Voivn 28 

Waring, Holt no return 170 Dromore 

■' no return 20 

Warburton, John 2 Rr 2,900 16 Kildare 30 

— 6 Ra no return none Limerick 41 

■ 1 Ra no return 35 

Warburton, Charles 5 Rr no return 47 ■ ■ 41 

2Va no return 30 . 41 

Ward, Dauielt 5 Cr 8,741 22 Mcatli 31 

Walsh, John Rowell .... 2 Ca 3,200 nuhUn 33 

Walsh, Hunt 2 Vr no return Lcigldin 27 

Webb, Richard 1 Ra no return Cork 25 

1 Ra no return 33 

Westropp, John 4 Rr 22,400 Killaloe 

Westropp, Thomas 2 Vr 4,500 31 Limerick 41 

Whitelow, Newcome . . 2 Ra 3,269 Kildare 36 

Whitty, Irwine 4 Rr 7,000 20 Cashcll 45 

— ■ 5 \'r 128,000 9 Killaloe 33 

Whitty, John 5 Rr 0, 1 10 12 Leighlin 27 

Wilson, Joseph 2 Rr 3,898 Kildare 36 

Wilson, Andrew 3 -a no return 8 Titam 21 

Wolseley, VV 2 Ra no return 19 Aruuigh 24 

* A. Verschoyle is Bisliop of Killala. In tlie whole of the diocese there are tucuty benefic^.s, 
fifteen of which are pluralities, averaging 47,2.53 acres each, with i!0 acres of glebe. The 

tithe, at only .')S. per acre, would yield an average of ^^ 7,087 a-ytar for each benefice. The 

Reverend Bishop seems in a fair way of securing all the benefices in this rich diocese in his 

t Relatives of Warburtm, Bishop of Cloyne ; removed from Limerick. No return of 
quantity in fourteen parishes. 



Irish Pluralists. 


Woodward, Henry . 
Woodward, Richard . 

Title, and 

... 6Rr 
... 4Rr 
... I Ra 

in each