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Full text of "The Black Hawk War, 1831-1832"

GAVLORO 



Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library 



DOCUMENTS UNIT 
ILLINOIS STATE LIBRARY 

Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library 



EDITED BY 



William K. Alderfer 

State JEistorian 



Published by 

the Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library 

in behalf of the State of Illinois 

Richard B. Ogilvie 

Governor 



3 "Tl 29'''00667 7179 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

C. L. McMackin II 

Chairman 

John A. Howard Philip D. Sang 






[mk:uments un-t 

ILLINOIS STATE LIBtt«.RY 



Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library 

Volume XXXV 



THE 

BLACK HAWK WAR 

1831-1832 

Volume I 
Illinois Volunteers 



Compiled and Edited 

by Ellen M. Whitney 

Illinois State Historical Library 

With an Introduction 
by Anthony F. C. Wallace 

Chairman of the Department of Anthropology 
University of Pennsylvania 



Illinois State Historical Library 

Springfield 19 7 



standard Book Number 912154-20-9 
Copyright, 1970 hy The Illinois State Historical Library 






FOREWORD 



The last full-scale Indian war in Illinois has come to be known as the 
Black Hawk War of 1832. Although it lasted less than three months, 
some nine thousand Illinois militiamen were called into active service, 
and almost one third of the Regular Army was ultimately involved. The 
war continues to fascinate scholars and laymen alike, both because of an 
ever-increasing interest in Indian history and also because of the partici- 
pants who later became famous — among them Albert Sidney Johnston, 
Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, and Abraham Lincoln. 

For more than twenty years the Illinois State Historical Library 
has contemplated publishing its unique collection of manuscripts on 
that war, but shortages of staff and money have forced frequent post- 
ponement of the project. Meanwhile, the manuscripts have been literally 
worn to shreds and in the future will be used for reference only. 

The Black Hawk War Collection was given to the Historical Library 
at two different times by two dijfferent donors, the bulk of the papers 
coming from the heirs of John Russell, Illinois editor and author who 
had acquired the documents from Illinois Governor John Reynolds 
and Brevet Brigadier General Henry Atkinson. (As commander of the 
Right Wing of the Army's Western Department, Atkinson directed the 
major part of the military campaign in 1832.) The impossibility of writ- 
ing to please both the Governor and the General forced Russell to 
abandon a proposed histoiy of the war, but he retained the documents 
he had gathered. The other large donor to the collection was the widow 
of Brigadier General Robert Anderson, who had served as inspector and 
mustering officer for General Atkinson during the campaign. These papers 
consisted of his manuscript muster book, original muster rolls, and other 
related documents, generally dealing with the periods of service and 
payment of Illinois volunteers. These two collections were stored to- 
gether for many years before they were cataloged and made available 
to scholars in the early 1940 's by former state historian Paul M. Angle 
and Margaret A. Flint, then reference librarian. Under Angle's succes- 



viii Foreword 

sor, Jay Monaghan, the basic collection (but not the muster rolls) was 
transcribed and the editorial work was started. Jay and Mildred 
Monaghan, Hubert G. Schmidt, and Charles M. Knapp each worked for 
a few months on the papers. Under Monaghan 's successors, Harry E. 
Pratt and Clyde C. Walton, the concept of the publication was consider- 
ably enlarged and the present editor was assigned to the project. This 
volume, then, is the culmination of many years of work and is the first 
of a contemplated three- volume series brought to press under the direction 
of State Historian William K. Alderfer. 

Up to this time there has been no accurate, complete listing of Illinois 
volunteers in 1832, and no published record at all for the 1831 companies. 
The purpose of the present volume is to account for the activities of as 
many as possible of the 1831 and 1832 Illinois volunteers and, through 
the Introduction by Dr. Anthony F. C. Wallace, chairman of the De- 
partment of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania, to present 
a survey of Indian-American relations that led to the Black Hawk War. 

Volumes II and III of this series will consist of letters and docu- 
ments, 1831-1833, relating to the war. The bulk of these are the orders 
and letters of General Henry Atkinson, General Winfield Scott, and 
Governor John Reynolds; but the collection also contains scores of 
letters of civilians, newspaper stories and editorials, and reports on 
Indian affairs. From these original documents emerges a panoramic 
view of a frontier state caught up in what was always referred to as 
an "Indian war." 

Muster rolls of the Illinois men who served in the frontier Indian 
wars were published by Illinois Adjutant General Isaac H. Elliott in 
1882 and reissued in 1902. Those volumes were prepared from handwrit- 
ten copies of official rolls in Washington, D.C. These manuscript copies, 
now in the Illinois State Archives, abound in misspelled names, with the 
errors of the original rolls compounded by faulty transcription. Much of 
the information on the original rolls was not transcribed, and the rolls 
themselves often failed to supply such essential facts as place of enroll- 
ment and name of the organization to which the unit was attached. The 
principal failings of Elliott's compilation, however, are its incomplete- 
ness and lack of an index. 

In 1954, after two previous transfers, the original muster rolls in 
Washington were placed in the National Archives. At one time the rolls 
were in the custody of the Treasury; and during those years Brigadier 
General Fred C. Ainsworth, chief of the War Department's Record and 
Pension Office, initiated the preparation of an index of all Illinois volun- 
teer companies in the Winnebago War of 1827 and the Black Hawk 



Foreword ix 

campaigns of 1831 and 1832. That index has been made available to the 
editor, and copies of rolls for all companies there listed have been ac- 
quired by the Illinois State Historical Library. This volume includes 
rolls for all of the 1831 and 1832 companies as well as for 2 Indian 
companies, and 6 additional volunteer companies for which no official 
mustering rolls can be found, presumably because the irregularity of 
enrollment and short period of service prevented government recogni- 
tion and payment. In all, 31 companies are known to have served in the 
1831 Black Hawk campaign and 164 in 1832. 

In the Anderson papers the Library has (a) 102 original muster 
rolls for 63 different company and staff units, (b) 4 original army re- 
turns, and (c) contemporary copies of 28 additional rolls. The copies 
are in a bound volume identified hereinafter as the "Anderson Muster 
Book." On the first page of this book is the dateline, "Ottawa — Illinois 
— June 10th. 1832." Since Anderson copied into the Muster Book only 
those rolls of which he did not retain duplicate originals, the copies 
were probably entered soon after the companies were mustered out, 
for the original rolls were sent to Washington in the summer and fall 
of 1832. 

The Foreword to the Muster Book, which was added by Anderson in 
1869, consists of a statement that he calls an "Abstract of muster rolls 
giving names of Colonels of Regiments, Genls of Brigades & Captains 
mustered into or out of the Service by R. A. [Robert Anderson] during 
the Black Hawk war. ' ' He then lists the names of those officers and con- 
cludes: "This book gives copies of Muster Rolls or extracts of Rolls 
embracing all the preceding Mem[orand]a. except those relating to the 
Regts of Illinois Mtd Vol. which are taken from the original Muster 
Rolls now, March 4th, 1869, in my possession. This book embraces lists 
of Indian Prisoners taken by me at Rock Island where Genl. Scott 
placed them under my charge — and also of Black Hawks party brought 
by me from Prairie du chien to Jefferson Barracks R.A." 

Three of the twenty-eight rolls in the Muster Book are merely lists 
of Indian prisoners or rolls of Indians who were in United States service, 
and eleven others are extracts that give only company strength and 
mustering information. 

The Black Hawk War Collection does not contain either original 
rolls or muster-book copies for five companies that Anderson said he 
mustered — those of Captains George T. Bristow, Walter Butler, William 
Gillham, William Gordon, and Henry L. Webb — but all of the other 
originals in Anderson's possession in 1869 are now in the Historical Li- 
brary. 



X Foreword 

A second collection containing Illinois muster rolls was purchased 
by the Library in two parts (in 1940 and in 1953) from the heirs of 
Frank E. Stevens, Black Hawk War historian and collector. Stevens in 
turn had obtained most of the rolls in his collection from the heirs of 
Nathaniel Buckmaster, who was inspector and mustering officer when 
Whiteside's Brigade was mustered out of service at Ottawa on May 27- 
28, 1832. The Stevens Collection contains mustering-out rolls prepared 
at that time as well as rolls signed by John J. Hardin, mustering officer 
when the brigade was mustered in Beardstown in April, and a third type 
of listing commonly called a "property roll," which gives the appraised 
value of each man's arms, accouterments, and horses. There are, al- 
together, one brigade return and a total of 80 original rolls for 49 com- 
pany and staff organizations. 

Single rolls are also found in the Library's Ricks Collection, Eddy 
Manuscripts, and Clark County Manuscripts. 

The mustering-out rolls now in the National Archives are the most 
authoritative since they are the official records on which pay was based. 
The Illinois State Historical Library has obtained photostatic or micro- 
film copies from the National Archives of the mustering-out rolls for 
Whiteside's Brigade and for all other companies of which the Black 
Hawk War Collection does not contain duplicate originals. 

In addition to the mustering-in rolls, mustering-out rolls, and prop- 
erty rolls mentioned above, two other kinds of rosters are extant : receipt 
rolls and bounty land check lists. Receipt rolls, made out by United 
States Army paymasters, show the pay and allowance due each soldier, 
and bear each man's signature certifying receipt of pay. (See the roll 
of Captain Elijah Wilcockson's 1831 company.) 

Official records have not been searched for bounty land check lists, 
which were prepared at the time of issuing land warrants to war vet- 
erans under the acts of 1850 and 1855. The rolls of companies in Major 
David Bailey 's Battalion of Chicago Volunteers are of this type. 

This volume includes only the rolls of Illinois companies. Illinois 
militiamen were the preponderant majority of volunteers engaged in the 
Black Hawk War of 1832, but some companies from adjacent states were 
also involved. Eighteen companies from Wisconsin (then part of Michigan 
Territory) in the command of Henry Dodge were paid for service, and 
most of these men saw active duty in the field at some time during the 
war. Several companies of Indians were paid for guard duty in the area 
of Green Bay, Wisconsin ; and a company of Wisconsin volunteers under 
Captain Charles Fullar had similar duty. Four Missouri companies were 



Foreword xi 

assigned to guard the Missouri frontier during the summer of 1832, 
and several hundred volunteers from present-day IMichigan were also 
called to active duty. The latter marched to the southwestern frontier 
of Michigan, and approximately one hundred Michigan men under ]\Iajor 
General John R. Williams of the territorial militia actually ranged the 
country around Chicago for a short time. A regiment of Indiana Militia 
also marched to Chicago but remained there only a day or two. A large 
company of Indianans under Captain Joseph Orr served for several 
weeks on Hickory Creek and Du Page River in present Will and Du 
Page counties in northeastern Illinois. At Keoloik, Iowa, then a village 
of fur traders and half-breeds, a company of "home guards" was on 
duty under Captain Jenifer Sprigg, a government surveyor. In addition 
to the Indian guards at Green Bay, several other companies of Potawat- 
omi, Winnebago, and Menominee served with the United States Army 
in 1832. 

The 1831 Indian campaign was of short duration and involved so 
few men that the organization of the volunteers was simple. In 1832, 
however, the mustering situation was quite different. The Illinois militia- 
men, annoyed at being called from their spring planting, found active 
military campaigning so distasteful that their commanders recom- 
mended their discharge after only a month's service, thus necessitating 
the enrollment of two additional volunteer forces. The first army of 
about nineteen hundred men was Whiteside's Brigade. After its dis- 
charge on May 27-28, some three hundred men from the brigade re- 
enlisted for an additional twenty days to serve until the third, and 
largest, volunteer force arrived at the rendezvous at Fort Wilbourn 
(opposite present La Salle). This third force, organized during the last 
days of June, consisted of three brigades and numbered approximately 
three thousand men. For the sake of convenience, the three volunteer 
forces are designated as the First, Second, and Third Armies. In addition 
to these commands, other volunteer units were assigned to frontier 
guard duty and were not attached to any of the three principal armies. 

This volume is believed to contain a complete and comprehensive 
listing of Illinois' Black Hawk War soldiers. Original rolls of volunteer 
companies were made out at the time of enrollment in the home county, 
at the time of muster into and out of United States service, and, in some 
instances, when the property of company members was listed during offi- 
cial enrollment. There is no way of knowing whether property rolls were 
consistently prepared for all units. Original mustering-in rolls seem to 
have been retained by the appropriate officer of the regular militia, and 
duplicate original mustering-out rolls were sometimes retained by the 



xii Foreword 

United States Army officer who inspected the companies at the muster- 
out. Although occasional work lists or property rolls of company mem- 
bers may turn up in the estates of descendants of Black Hawk War 
soldiers from Illinois, it is highly unlikely that such documents will 
contain names of Illinois soldiers not included in this volume. There are 
a few units whose irregular service precluded the preservation of staff 
rolls or whose staff rolls have been lost; all such instances have been 
noted. It is unlikely that many new names would appear even on those 
rolls since most staff officers are also listed on company rolls. A few men 
were attached to the volunteer and United States forces as commissary 
assistants or wagoners and baggage haulers, and many of their names 
appear in the letters about the war, but they were not considered to 
have been military servicemen. 

Editorial Procedures 

When an original roll from one of the Library's collections is a satis- 
factory copy, it is the one chosen for printing. Significant variations in 
content and in the spelling of proper names between the roll printed 
here and others in the Library's possession are noted in the first de- 
scriptive footnote. 

Capitalization, punctuation, and spelling of the originals have been 
followed with a few minor exceptions: Dashes at the end of sentences 
have been transcribed as periods, and dashes following terminal peri- 
ods have been eliminated. Periods between the day of month and the year 
have been transcribed as commas. Superior letters in contractions and 
abbreviations have been dropped to line level, and all marks under such 
letters have been transcribed as periods. For the sake of appearance 
and ease of reading, all headings, certificates, signatures, and titles have 
been set in uniform type style, and periods have been dropped after the 
number in the first column. Rolls for Third Army companies mustered 
out by Lieutenant Anderson were made out on standard printed forms, 
but most of the others are entirely handwritten. The descriptive footnote 
does not differentiate between the two kinds, since the significant con- 
tent of the document is handwritten in either case. 

Most of the original rolls contain at least ten columns, and a larger 
number is not infrequent. Blank columns and those giving identical 
information have generally been omitted; such deletions are noted in 
the first footnote. 

The manuscript rolls have countless filing notes and endorsements, 
most of which are without present value. All are omitted except those 
supplying information about the company's actual service or giving the 



Foreword xiii 

name of the paymaster, the paymaster's voucher number, or other perti- 
nent facts about the processing of the roll. 

The editor wishes to thank the staffs of the Records Information Sec- 
tion of the General Accounting Office and the War Records Branch of 
the National Archives for their unfailing courtesy and assistance in 
searching for documents. 

At every stage of preparing the manuscript, staff members of the 
Historical Library have been generous with their help and criticism. 
Particular thanks are due to William Foster, who did some of the final 
editing chores, and to Howard F. Rissler and Mrs. Sadie Shontz for help- 
ing see the book through the press. 

Ellen M. Whitney 



CONTENTS 



Symbols of Description and Location 
page xvii 

Biljlio graphical Note 
page xix 

Organization of Illinois Volunteers, 1831 and 1832 
page xxi 

Introduction, Prelude to Disaster: The Course of Indian-White Relations 
Which Led to the Black Hawk War of 1832, by Anthony F. C. Wallace 

page 1 

Part One 

Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 : Muster Rolls 

page 53 

Part Two 

Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 : Muster Rolls 

page 121 

Appendix: Service Records and Reports 
page 565 

Index 
page 579 



Symbols 

Bracketed inserts are of two kinds: they supply letters or 
words that are obscured, in whole or part, on the ori^nal doc- 
ument, and they provide correct spellings or identifications 
deemed essential in the text. 

When IHi is given as the only symbol of location, the document is from 
the Black Hawk War Collection. Similarly, when DNA is the only 
symbol of location, the roll is one of those transferred to that agency 
from the General Accounting Office in 1954. Eolls with record group 
numbers have been in the custody of the Archives for a much longer 
time. 

The commanding officer of the unit mustered is always considered the 
hypothetical writer and/or signer of the roll, regardless of the number 
of additional signers. All mustering certificates and signatures are de- 
scribed separately, either in a footnote or bracketed in the text. 

Company members were generally residents of the county in which 
they first enrolled. But if a company included men from other counties, 
that information is given in the notes. Unless the men have been posi- 
tively identified, there are separate index entries for men with identical 
names who served in companies from different counties in 1831 and 
1832. Unless a name is so badly misspelled as to be unrecognizable, cor- 
rections have not been noted in the text or notes. Spelling variants 
found on other rolls and in county and family histories are given in 
the index in parentheses after the principal name entry, which is the 
preferred spelling. Since biographical information about many of the 
volunteers is unavailable, choice of the preferred spelling has often 
been arbitrary. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE 



Originals or photostatic reproductions of all manuscript letters and 
documents cited in the footnotes to the muster rolls are in the Library's 
collections of Black Hawk War papers. Those that -will not be published 
in succeeding volumes of this series are fully described in the notes. 

Illinois county histories are cited only by name of county and date 
of publication unless two or more county histories appeared in the same 
year. When not otherwise noted, all such volumes, as well as newspapers 
cited in the footnotes, are located in the Illinois State Historical Library. 

The following abbreviated titles and manuscript descriptions are used 
for other sources frequently cited: 



BHW Coll. 
Elliott 



Black Hawk War Collection, Illinois State Historical 
Library, Springfield, Illinois. 

Isaac H. Elliott, comp., Eecord of the Services of Illi- 
nois Soldiers in the Black Hawk War, 1831-32, and in 
the Mexican War, 1846-48 . . . (Springfield, 1882). 



I-A : Elect. Ret., Exec. Eec, and Gov. Corr. 

Files of Election Eeturns, the Executive Record, and 
Governors' Correspondence in the Archives Division, 
Illinois State Library, Springfield, Illinois. 



Reynolds, My Own Times 



Stevens 



John Reynolds, Eeynolds' History of Illinois; My Oivn 
Times: Embracing Also the History of My Life (Chi- 
cago, 1879). The first edition was published at Belle- 
ville, Illinois, in 1855, but the Chicago Historical So- 
ciety's 1879 edition is generally more accessible and is 
the one cited. 

Frank E. Stevens, The Black Hawk War: Including a 
Beview of Black Hawk's Life (Chicago, 1903). 



Bibliographical Note 



Trans. ISHS Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 

is the title given to the Society's publications from 
1900 to 1936, Volumes IV-XLIII. The abbreviated title 
is used also in references to the Society's publications 
issued before 1900 and after 1936 under such varying 
titles as Papers in Illinois History . . ., Occasional Fub- 
lications . . ., and Fublications of the Illinois State 
Historical Library. 

Full bibliographical information is given for all other citations. 



ORGANIZATION 

OF ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS 

1831 AND 1832 

BLACK HAWK CAMPAIGN OF 1831 

Commander in Chief, Governor John Reynolds 

Brigade Commander, Joseph Duncan 

First Regiment Daniel Leib, Colonel 

Company Commanders* 

Captain George T. Bristow Captain Samuel T. Mathews 

Captain Hart Fellows Captain Peter C. Vance 

Captain John Henry Captain Joseph Wasson 

Captain Samuel J. Kinkead Captain William Weatherf ord 

Captain Eobert H. McDow Captain Alexander Wells 

Second Regiment James D. Henry, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain William C. Bamett Captain Achilles Morris 

Captain James Campbell Captain Samuel C. Pierce 

Captain Thomas Carlin Captain Jonathan R. Saunders 

Captain William F. Elkin Captain Adam Smith 

Captain John Lorton Captain Samuel Smith 

Spy Battaxion Samuel Whiteside, Major 
Company Commanders 
Captain William Miller Captain Erastus \Vlieeler 

Captain Solomon Pruitt Captain William B. Whiteside 

Odd Battalion Nathaniel BucTcmaster, Major 
Company Commanders 
Captain Jolin P. Lawrence Captain William Moore 

Captain Solomon Miller 

Odd Companies 
Captain William Edmonston Captain Benjamin F. Pike 

Captain James Ferguson Captain EUjah Wilcockson 

* Names of company commanders are arranged alphabetically. 



Organization of Illinois Volunteers 



BLACK HAWK CAMPAIGN OF 1832 

Commander in Chief, Governor John Reynolds 

First Army : Whiteside 's Brigade 

Samuel Whiteside, Brigadier General 

First Eegiment John Thomas, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain Julius L. Bamsback Captain John Thomas (later 

Captain Solomon Pruitt (later Gideon Simpson) 

Josiah Littell) Captain John Tate 

Captain William Moore Captain Erastus Wheeler 

Captain John Winstanley 

Second Eegiment Jacob Fry, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain Levi D. Boone Captain William G. Flood 

Captain Charles Gregory (later Captain Benjamin James 

Thomas Chapman) Captain Thomas McDow 

Captain Philip W. Martin (later Captain Jeremiah Smith 

David Crow) Captain Jacob Fry (later 

Samuel Smith) 

Third Regiment Abraham B. Deivitt, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain William Ross (later Captain Elisha Petty 

Benjamin Barney) Captain William B. Smith 

Captain William T. Givens Captain Nathan Winters 

Captain John Harris 

Fourth Regiment Samuel M. Thompson, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain Levi W. Goodan Captain Abraham Lincoln 

Captain Moses G. Wilson (later Captain William C. Ralls 

Samuel Hollingsworth) 

Fifth Regiment James Johnson, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Major David Bailey's Battalion: Major Isaiah Stillman's Battalion: 

Captain John G. Adams Captain Asel F. Ball 

Captain Merritt L. Covell Captain David W, Barnes 

Captain Robert McClure Captain Abner Eads 

Captain James Johnson (later 
Isaac C. Pugh) 

Spy Battalion James D. Henry, Major 
Company Commanders 
Captain Thomas Carlin Captain John Dement 

Captain John Dawson 



Organization of Illinois Volunteers 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers Tiwmas James, Major 
Company Commanders 
Captain Thomas James (later [Captain James White — later in 

Thomas Harrison) Bogart's Odd Battalion of Mounted 

Captain Daniel Price Eangers] 

Captain Daniel Warren 

Odd Battalion of Infantry Thomas Long, Major 
Company Commanders 
Captain J'aphet A. Ball Captain John Summers (later 

Captain Jacob Ebey Seth Pratt) 



Second Army : Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 
Jacol) Fry, Colonel 

Company Commanders 
Captain Elijah lies Captain Samuel Smith 

Captain Benjamin James Captain Adam W. Snyder 

Captain William C. Ealls Captain Alexander White 



Third Army : First, Second, and Third Brigades 

First Brigade Alexander Posey, Brigadier General 

First Eegiment Willis Hargrave, Colonel 
Company Communders 
Captain Joseph E. Watkins (later Captain James Caldwell (later 

Jolin Bays) Joel HolUday) 

Captain Achilles Coffey Captain David B. Eussell 

Captain Harrison Wilson 

Second Eegiment John Ewing, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain George P. Bowyer Captain Charles Dunn 

Captain Jonathan Diarman Captain Armstead Hoalman 

Captain Obadiah West 

Third Eegiment Samuel Leech, Colonel 
Company Commanders 
Captain Arden Biggerstaff Captain James Hall 

Captain James N. Clark Captain John Onstott 

Captain Berryman G. Wells 

Spy Battalion John Dement, Major 
Company Commanders 
Captain James Bowman Captain William J. Stephenson 

Captain William N. Dobbins 



Organization of Illinois Volunteers 



Second Brigade Milton K. Alexander, Brigadier General 

First Kegiment James M. Blackhurn, Colonel 

Company Commanders 
Captain Samuel Brimbery Captain James P. Jones (later 

Captain Eobert Griffin Thomas B. Eoss) 

Captain Jonathan Mayo Captain James M. Blackburn (later 

Captain William B. Archer (later Isaac Sandford) 

Koyal A. Nott) 

Second Regiment Samuel Adams, Colonel 

Company Commanders 
Captain John Arnold Captain William Highsmith 

Captain Samuel Adams (later Captain Alexander M. Houston 

John Barns) Captain EUas Jordan 

Third Regiment Eosea Pierce, Colonel 

Company Commanders 
Captain John Haynes Captain Champion S. Mading 

Captain Solomon Hunter Captain Daniel Powell 

Captain William Thomas 

Spy Battalion William McHenry, Major 

Company Commanders 
Captain Abner Greer Captain John F. Richardson 

Captain William McHenry (later 
John McCown) 



Third Brigade James D. Henry, Brigadier General 
First Regiment Samuel T. Mathews, Colonel 

Company Commanders 

Captain Samuel T. Mathews (later Captain William Gillham 

James Arnett) Captain William Gordon 

Captain George T. Bristow Captain Cyrus Mathews 

Captain Walter Butler Captain David Smith 

Second Regiment Jacob Fry, Colonel 

Company Commanders 
Captain Aaron Barrow Captain Earl Peirce [sic] 

Captain James Kincaid Captain Hiram Rountree 

Captain Alexander Smith (later Captain Thomas Stout 

Gershom Patterson) 



Organization of Illinois Volunteers 



Third Regiment Oabriel Jones, Colonel 

Company Commanders 

Captain David Baldridge (later Captain Jacob Feaman (later 

William Adair) James Conner) 

Captain Andrew Bankson Captain Gabriel Jones (later 
Captain Josiah S. Briggs James Thompson) 

Captain James Burns 

Fourth Regiment James Collins, Colonel 

Company Commanders 
Captain Reuben Brown Captain Thomas Moffett 

Captain Jesse Claywell Captain Powell H. Sharp (later 

Captain Ozias Hale Bennet Nowlen) 

Spy Battalion William Lee D. Exoing, Major 

Company Commanders 
Captain William Lee D. Ewing Captain Allen F. Lindsey 

(later Samuel Houston) Captain Henry L. Webb 



Detachments from the First, Second, and Third Brigades 

Unit Commanders 
Captain John Bays Captain William Highsmith 

Captain Samuel Brimbery Captain Elias Jordan 

Lieutenant James G. Corder Adjutant Isaac Parmenter 

Lieutenant Green Depriest 



Independent Battalions and Regiments 
Major David Bailey's Battalion of Cook County Volunteers 

Company Commanders 
Captain Harry Boardman Captain Holder Sisson 

Captain John S. C. Hogan Captain James Walker 

Major Samuel Bogart's Odd Battalion of Mounted Rangers 

Company Commanders 
Captain Asel F. Ball Captain William McMurtry 

Captain Peter Butler Captain John Sain 

Captain John W. Kenney Captain John Stinnet 

Captain James White 



Organization of Illi7wis Volunteers 



Major Nathaniel Buckmaster's Odd Battalion 

Company Commanders 
Captain Nathaniel Buckmaster Captain Morgan L. Payne 

(later Aaron Armstrong) Captain Holder Sisson 

Captain Joseph Naper Captain James Walker 

Major Keddick Horn's "Battalion of Infantry" 
{Field and Staff only) 

Colonel Isaac E. Moores' Eegiment of Vermilion County Volunteers 



Captain Eliakini Ashton 
Captain Alexander Bailey- 
Captain J (?). M. Gillespie 
Captain James Gregory 
Captain Corbin E. Hutt 



Company Commanders 

Captain James Parmer 

[Captain Morgan L. Payne — later in 

Buckmaster's Odd Battalion] 
Captain John B. Thomas 



Colonel James M. Strode's Eegiment of Jo Daviess County Volunteers 
Company Commanders 



Captain Benjamin J. Aldenrath 

Captain Jonathan Craig 

Captain Nicholas Bowling (formerly 

Lt. J.E.B. Gardenier, U.S.A.) 
Captain Hezekiah H. Gear 



Captain Charles McCoy 
Captain Milton M. Maughs 
Captain Samuel H. Scales 
Captain Clack Stone 
Captain Lambert P. Vosburgh 



Jo Daviess County, Illinois, Volunteers Attached to Henry 
Dodge's Command of Michigan Territory Volunteers 



Captain James Craig 



Company Commanders 

Captain James W. Stephenson 
(later Enoch Duncan) 



Odd Companies 



Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 



Peter Butler 
Merritt L. Covell 
Alexander D. Cox 
Bazil B. Craig 
Charles S. Dorsey 
Matthew Duncan 
Jacob M. Early 
William Gordon 
Alexander M. Jenkins 



Captain Gholson Kercheval 
Captain George McFadden 
Captain Solomon Miller 
Captain Charles E. Pierce 
Captain John S. Wilboum 
Captain William Wamick 
Menominee Indians in U.S. 



Service 



Potawatomi Indians in U.S. Service 



NTRODUCTION 



PRELUDE TO DISASTER 

The Course of Indian-White Relatiofis 
Which Led to the Black Hawk War of 1832 

BY 

Anthony F. C. Wallace 

Chairman of the Department of Anthropology 
University of Pennsylvania 

Prologue 

In the spring of 1832 a band of Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo Indians — about 
one thousand men, women, and children, led by a Sauk warrior named 
Black Hawk — crossed the Mississippi River into the state of Illinois and 
proceeded up the Rock River. Their movement was defined by the Gov- 
ernor of Illinois ,as an invasion. He mobilized militia and demanded the 
support of the Army of the United States. Federal authorities had already 
ordered Black Hawk's band to descend the Rock and remove themselves 
west of the Mississippi, and representatives of the Sauk and Fox tribal 
councils had advised them similarly. After an initial skirmish between 
Black Hawk's band, attempting to descend the Rock, and a group of 
militia blocking their passage, the Indians withdrew north and westward 
in order more safely to recross the Mississippi above the Wisconsin. They 
were harassed by pursuing soldiers and finally trapped by federal forces 
at the mouth of the Bad Axe River, where many were killed. Those who 
managed to cross the JMississippi were pursued by Sioux, acting at the 
behest of United States officials; the Sioux killed many more. The Sauk 
and Fox nation surrendered most of the few survivors of the band to the 
federal military authorities at Rock Island, and the leaders were im- 
prisoned. The matter was officially closed in the fall of 1832 by treaty at 
Rock Island in which the Sauk and Fox sold to the United States, at a 



INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



lower price than earlier negotiations had contemplated, the eastern part 
of Iowa, bordering on the Mississippi River and containing the lead mines 
in the vicinity of Dubuque. 

Conflicting understandings of the event existed at the time and have 
persisted since. To most whites on the frontier and in official places it ap- 
peared that Black Hawk's band was a war party invading the state of 
Illinois, bent on attacking the frontier settlements, and threatening to pre- 
cipitate a general Indian war against the United States. To many whites, 
furthermore, the action of Black Hawk's band was an action sanctioned, 
if not directed, by the Sauk and Fox nation. The response, consequently, 
by white men of such opinion, was not merely protestation but armed re- 
sistance, first by militia and second by the Army of the United States, 
which mobilized large numbers of men and dispatched them, first from 
St. Louis and then, despite the cholera epidemic that was sweeping the 
continent, from the East Coast through Chicago to the scene of conflict in 
Illinois and Wisconsin. Federal officials, however, in the end did not hold 
the Sauk and Fox nation responsible for the war, even though they made 
use, in the treaty, of the diplomatic disadvantage under which the recent 
events placed the Sauk and Fox negotiators. 

By Indians, the ' ' war ' ' was viewed very differently, and not all Indians 
viewed it alike. Sauk and Fox chiefs and their spokesmen regarded it as 
a foolish and catastrophic gesture by a chronic malcontent and his faction. 
The Sauk and Fox nation, through their traditional representatives, had 
for years been making the best of a difficult frontier relationship, maintain- 
ing peace with the advancing whites on the east while acquiring new hunt- 
ing grounds of their own to the westward. Black Hawk's return to the 
lands on Rock River, while understandable emotionally, thus merely embar- 
rassed the Sauk and Fox leaders in their efforts to carry out the peace- 
and-orderly-withdrawal policy. 

Black Hawk and his band saw the "war" in a third light. Inspired by 
legalistic arguments, based on traditional native understandings and mis- 
understandings of earlier treaties, they regarded the Rock River area as 
Sauk and Fox property. Hence, in their own eyes, they were merely assert- 
ing their legal rights in returning to it. Furthermore, they were bemused 
by the apocalyptic teachings of the Winnebago Prophet, who dreamed of 
a renascence of native civilization, and believed that even if the whites 
attempted to dispossess the combined Black Hawk and Prophet's bands 
on Rock River, aid from many quarters — from the British, from the rest 
of the Winnebago, from the Potawatomi — would make it possible for them 
to maintain their position. 

But from everyone's standpoint, the Black Hawk War was ultimately 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 



seen as a disaster. It meant death and dishonor to most of the Black Hawk 
band. It meant internal dissension and loss of diplomatic bargaining posi- 
tion to the Sauk and Fox nation. And it brought, in addition to the rela- 
tively few deaths of soldiers or civilians which resulted from Indian 
military action, great anxiety, considerable economic loss, and numerous 
additional cholera casualties to the citizenry of the United States. 

Let us now analyze the train of events which brought about the un- 
happy circumstance of the Black Hawk War.^ 

The Sauk and Fox Indians 

Although they were often called the "Sauk and Fox Nation of In- 
dians," because in dealing with other Indian tribes and with white gov- 
ernments they acted in concert, the Sauk and the Fox were ethnically and 
politically distinguishable peoples. They spoke closely related languages 
of the Algonquian stock, Central Algonquian group ; they shared, in pre- 
Columbian times, typical technological features of the eastern woodland 
culture area, such as the birch canoe, the bow, war club, and tomahawk, 
and earthenware pottery ; they combined hunting and corn gardening for 
subsistence, and lived in permanent villages. Their difference was perhaps 
most marked in the sphere of political organization, the Fox being radi- 
cally individualistic in comparison with the relatively well-coordinated 
Sauk. Nineteenth-century observers, like Sauk agent Thomas Forsj^h, 
remarked from time to time on the greater regularity with which the Sauk 
conducted their affairs. Forsyth, for example, reported in 1824: 

Altho the affinity of language between the Sauk and Fox Indians are great, and 
they are in strict alliance with each other, yet there is no kind of comparison to 
be made between the two nations, as the Sauk Indians are a people of much ar- 
rangement, and their Chiefs are listened to •udth much respect by the warriors and 
young men, but among the Fox Indians it is very different, the Chiefs are made 
tools of by the warriors and are compelled in many instances to act as inferiors and 
to do many mean actions. . . .2 



1 The writer wishes to acknowledge the re- 
search assistance of Mrs. Michal Kane, who 
collected and subjected to preliminary analy- 
sis many of the materials employed in this 
study. Much of the research was conducted, 
1956-1958, in preparation for testimony in 
Dockets 83 and 158 before the Indian 
Claims Commission as an expert witness 
retained by attorneys for the Sauk and Fox: 
George Pletsch, of Dallstream, Schiff, Hardin, 
Waite and Dorschel; Lawrence C. Mills, of 
Mills and Mills; and Stanford C. Clinton, of 
Pritzker, Pritzker, and Clinton. To Mr. 
Pletsch in particular I am grateful for 
scholarly discussion and for patient assistance 
in tracking down source materials. And to 
Mrs. Ellen Whitney, editor of the Black 



Hawk War papers, I am indebted for in- 
valuable editorial criticism and advice. 

This Introduction was written in 1958 and 
does not, therefore, contain references to 
recent literature on the Central Algonquians; 
it is the writer's opinion, however, that the 
conclusions reached herein are still valid. — 
A.F.C.W., Oct. 16, 1969. 

2 Forsyth to McKenney, Aug, 28, 1824, 
Forsyth Papers, Vol. 4, in the Draper MSS, 
Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison; 
cited hereinafter as WHi : Draper MSS, 4T; 
the "T" is the file designation for the Forsyth 
Papers, and the arable numeral the volume 



INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



The Fox indeed have been made the subject of an ethnological study 
in which their irreverence for the pretender to authority is taken as the 
extreme Central Algonquian contrast to the European authoritarian tra- 
dition.^ The organizational tendency in Sauk culture is an important 
theme in our analysis, for it underlies both the ability of Black Hawk to 
recruit a faction, and the ability of the chiefs' council, even without re- 
course to court, police, or army, to suppress, for a time, this faction, and 
when suppression was no longer possible, effectively to abandon the faction 
to its fate. 

Sauk and Fox social organization was based partly on kinship and 
partly on the local bands, with both kinship and territorial units being 
represented in the political structure. Each tribe had about a dozen pat- 
rilineal sibs (groups who called themselves by some "totemic" name, 
like Trout or Sturgeon, and who maintained a belief in some remote 
common ancestry). There was also a moiety organization (division of the 
tribe into two parts) ; the individual received his moiety assignment not 
from sib membership but from the order of birth, successive children 
within the family being assigned alternately to one moiety and the other. 
Among the Fox, the Bear and Fox sibs, and among the Sauk (perhaps) 
the Trout and Sturgeon sibs, customarily had the privilege of providing 
respectively a "civil chief" and a "war chief" who were executive officers 
presiding over and carrying out the instructions of the tribal councils. 
The Fox council was composed of various notable men distinguished for 
wisdom, military skill, bravery, or other laudable attributes. Among the 
Sauk, on the other hand, the members of the council may all have been 
sib representatives ; such a custom is suggested by the circumstance that 
neither Keokuk nor Black Hawk was known as a chief, despite their prom- 
inence and influence. The Sauk, and presumably also the Fox, were also 
organized into local bands. The Sauk bands about 1804 were about seven 
in number. Bands were essentially winter hunting groups, and might or 
might not also constitute the bulk of the population of a summer village. 
These bands could include individuals of any moiety or clan.^ Band leaders 
were not necessarily "chiefs" (i.e., members of the tribal councils).^ 

The chiefs' council (whether sib-representative or a sort of council 

number; the page number, if given, follows 4 Alanson Skinner, Observations on the Ethnol 

the "T." ocnj of the Saul- Indians (Bulletin of the Pub 

lie Museum of the City of Milwaukee, Vol. 5 

All quotations in this Introduction are from Nos. 1-3, Milwaukee, 1923-1926) ; William 

original documents in the Black Hawk War Jones, Ethnography of the Fox India7is (Bu 

Collection of the Illinois State Historical Li- reau of American Ethnology Bulletin 125 

brary or from transcripts also in that library. Washington, 1929). 

3 W. B. Miller, "Two Concepts of Authority," 5 Por example, Black Hawk, a band leader, 

American Anthropologist, LVII (1955) : 278. was not a chief. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 



of elders) was in both tribes a policy-making, advisory, and quasi-executive 
body whose function was not so much to make "laws" (i.e., to set or 
change custom) as to interpret important situations from the standpoint 
of traditional customs and to recommend or set in motion the proper 
means of handling these situations. Its members were usually about a 
dozen in number, and they were organized according to a formal struc- 
ture with traditional rules of procedure. Presiding over the council of the 
Fox was the ' ' civil chief ' ' mentioned above. His role was essentially that 
of a chairman: he convened the council meetings as necessary; he had 
as his deputy a councilman who ' ' supported ' ' him ' ' in his arguments ' ' as 
well as a sort of secretary who ' ' [kept] track of the doings of the council" ; 
he formally received visitors and ambassadors. This chairman had to be 
chosen from the Bear clan, but he also had to be acceptable to the whole 
council. Council decisions were made by consensus after discussion; in 
case of a deadlock, the ceremonial runners were called upon to make the 
decision.^ Among the Sauk, each moiety had a "war chief" who was re- 
sponsible for mobilization of the warriors in his moiety, and one such 
"war chief," Keokuk, also functioned as official council "speaker," which 
gave him great power as the negotiator with white authorities. 

This council was, among the Sauk, very important in the control of 
hunting and the fur trade. It allotted hunting territories,^ and in the 
spring, after the winter hunt, formally placed the tribe under a kind of 
martial law. The war chiefs then had authority to round up stragglers 
(who might be cut off by alien war parties) and to prevent anyone from 
returning to the village early (to forestall the possibility of a few individ- 
uals' digging up their neighbors' corn caches).® Martial law remained in 
force until everj-thing in the village had been put in order. This careful 
control of the hunting-trading complex was necessary because the Sauk 
and Fox played something of a role as middlemen in the fur trade ; earlier 
among the Huron, who also had been fur-trade middlemen, there was con- 
siderable power vested in the national council in matters of trade.^ On 
occasion also the Sauk chiefs could appoint ' ' soldiers " as a kind of police 
and could give orders to the whole population : for instance, in 1823, agent 
Forsyth was unable to obtain annuity receipts. 

After acquainting them with the strength of their Great Father the President, 
by Sea and Land, his peaceable disposition towards all mankind, and his good 

6 Jones, Ethnographi/ of the Fox Indians, s /bid., II : 163-64. 
82-83. 

George T. Hunt, The Wars of the Iroquois 

7 Emma Helen Blair, ed.. The Indian Tribes (Madison, Wis., 1940). 
of the Upper Mississippi Valley and Region 

of the Great Lakes . . . (Cleveland, 1911- 
1912), II: 148, 187. 



INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



will towards all Ms red children who deserved it &c. &c. that the Specie before them 
were their annuities for the present year, which they might take after signing the 
receipts then in my hand. I was answered by several Chiefs and Braves of both 
nations, and all refused to sign any papers or accept of their annuities, saying that 
not a man, woman or child of their nations would ever sign any paper, as they had 
little enough. Land for their own use; and the Chiefs immediately drove the whole 
of the Indians off . . . [Eock] Island with the exception of four warriors that the 
Chiefs left as Centinals to prevent any Indians from signing any papers. This Sir 
is no more than I expected, and it will be useless for me, ever to attempt to procure 
the signature of any of the Sauk or Pox Indians in future to any Instrument of 
writing.!" 

Such police control by the council, however, could only be applied to the 
occasional individuals who would not conform, or to unorganized groups. 
The council had no power to coerce an organized group or faction. 

The council also was specifically responsible for the alienation of lands 
and for the making of treaties or agreements with other tribes and na- 
tions.^^ The minimal proper procedure for a sale of land to whites involved 
a number of steps : 

1) the receipt by the tribal council or councils of an official invitation 
from white authorities to a treaty council to discuss a cession of land ; 

2) an announcement of the pending issue to the nation at large (mem- 
bers of which could bring strong pressure to bear on the council) ; 

3) a meeting of the tribal council to discuss the advisability of this step ; 

4) whether the decision be to treat or not to treat, the sending of a formal 
reply, accompanied by wampum belts (which had the effect of an 
official seal or notarization, indicating that the matter had been handled 
officially and legally) ; 

5) a treaty, at which both the council and a representative sample of the 
whole population, including warriors, women, and children, are present 
and at which Indian councils run concurrently (but separate from) the 
treaty councils, so that the Indian speakers may be formally instructed 
what to say, and so that all negotiations may be publicly conducted 
and statements attested as official by the proper exchanges of wampum ; 

6) if the treaty results in a sale, ratified by wampum, an on-the-spot ap- 
portionment of goods and money paid among the whole population.^^ 

10 Forsyth to Calhoun, July 7, 1823, WHi : 12 This composite account of the valid cession 
Draper MSS, 4T168. procedure is based on a number of sources, 

particularly Forsyth's and Marston's statements 

11 Mary A. Owen, Folk-lore of the Musquakie in Blair, ed., Indian Tribes of the Upper 
Indians of North America . . . (Folk-lore Mississippi, II; Caleb Atwater, Remarks 
Societi/ Publications, LI, London, 1904) ; Made on a Tour to Prairie du Chien . . . in 
Boilvin to Secretary of War, Feb. 11, 1811, 1829 (Columbus, 1831) ; United States Statutes 
in Clarence Edwin Carter, ed., The Territorial at Large, VII (Indian Treaties, 1778-1842) ; 
Papers of the United States (Washington, Skinner, Ethnology of the Sauk Indians; 
1934- ), XIV: 438-41; cited hereinafter Jones, Ethnography of the Fox In- 
as Territorial Papers. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 



It is particularly important to note that in connection with land ces- 
sions, not only did the tribal council have to make a formal decision in 
favor of the cession, but the consensus of the warriors and the women had 
to be secured. Sauk and Fox women informed General Edmund P. Gaines 
in 1831 that the sale of 1804 was invalid because the women, who culti- 
vated the cornfields, had neither agreed to the sale nor ever been con- 
sulted in the matter.^^ The need for consent by all the citizenry was the 
reason for the large deputation of women and children which almost in- 
variably was in attendance at treaties of cession. In the Sauk and Fox 
case, furthermore, it probably was considered essential for both of the 
tribal councils and populations separately to give their consent to the sale 
of land. 

Over the whole area of North America south of the Great Lakes, east 
of the Great Plains, and north of the Ohio (and probably outside this 
region too) there was a common process basic to Indian warfare. This 
process with minor modifications remained fairly constant throughout 
the period of contact, until war activities as such were ended under the 
pressure of white military force. This basic and underlying process was 
characterized by the following steps : 

1) a member of the tribe is killed, insulted, or otherwise injured (or a 
tribal member dreams of such an event) ; 

2) a well-known warrior declares that he is going to lead a war party, per- 
haps as a result of a dream, against the offending tribe, and asks for 
volunteers ; 

3 ) volunteers declare their willingness to go along with the self-appointed 
leader on the warpath (sometimes they are encouraged to go by the 
women, chiefs, and old men, while sometimes these groups try to dis- 
courage them) ; 

4) a ceremony involving sacred ritual is held shortly before the party 
leaves ; 

5) leaving women, children, and old people behind, the war party, rang- 
ing in size from half a dozen to five or six hundred (and perhaps sev- 
eral other parties set out at about the same time from the same tribe) 
leaves the village and travels under tight discipline ; 



dians; and WiUiam Jones, "Notes on th.e 13 Memorandum of talks between Edmund P. 

Fox Indians," Journal of American Folklore, Gaines and the Sanlc, June 4, 5, 7, 1831, 

XXIV (1911): 209-37. The sketch thus drawn Adjutant General's Office files, War Records 

is congruent with the general practice of the Branch, National Archives, Washington; cited 

trihes of the northeastern culture area, and hereinafter as DNA: AGO. The Iroquois also 

of the United States, Britain, and France in gave final say in land cession questions to 

dealing with them. the women. 



INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



6) the party may stay out for only a week or two, or it may stay away 
for several years ; 

7 ) the attack is almost always made by ambush or surprise ; it may involve 
merely cutting off stragglers and isolated small groups like hunting 
parties and (among whites) farmsteads, or it may involve laying siege 
to fortified villages and encampments ; 

8) on the party's returning with scalps and captives (if any), ceremonies 
of adoption (and/or torture) are held, together with celebration of the 
triumph or mourning of losses. 

This basic war-party pattern was modified in various ways and to 
various degrees by the different tribes, depending on the political organiza- 
tion of the tribe and the extent of surplus food and goods it could afford. 
The basic pattern was virtually unmodified among the hunting peoples 
north of the St. Lawrence. In general, among the agricultural peoples 
(such as the Iroquois, Sauk and Fox, Miami, et al.) south of the St. Law- 
rence, the modifications consisted of a better supply of food and other 
resources, enabling larger parties to stay out longer, and of controls over 
the war party exerted more or less directly by representatives of the 
chiefs' council. 

Fundamentally, the council of chiefs could influence the war party 
in three ways : 

1) ''Putting on the brakes." In such instances, the chiefs as a group 
recognized the probability or fact of a war party's preparations, 
openly advised the warriors not to go, described the bad results of 
their doing so, confiscated their "medicine," persuaded the women 
to speak to the warriors, and so on. These activities, which were fre- 
quently successful, did not depend upon the threat of force since there 
was no police force at the council's disposal apart from the warriors 
themselves, but upon the force of the argument and sentiment organized 
against the expression of hostilities. When the chiefs did take a stand 
against war activities' being initiated or continuing (if the other side 
had sent peace emissaries), they were not likely to do so without know- 
ing that a sizable proportion of the women and warriors would back 
up their views — in other words, peaceable activities by the chiefs were 
a symptom of a widespread sentiment in favor of peace. Putting on 
the brakes could occur on various occasions: when the war party 
seemed likely to provoke retaliation on too destructive a scale; when 
acceptance of a war belt (invitation to join in a war) sent by another 
tribe threatened to involve the nation in a risky enterprise; when the 
aims of the war party were directed against a valued ally ; or when the 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 



enemy sent ambassadors asking for peace and it was considered ad- 
visable to agree. 

2) " Silence gives consent. ' ' On occasion, a war party might make prepara- 
tions, and the council take absolutely no official notice of it. In other 
words, if the brakes were not put on, it was a sign to the warriors that 
their path was clear. Such tacit recognition might be the actual 
' ' declaration ' ' of war. Such was likely to be the course after provoca- 
tion by an enemy, or in the course of one of the chronic wars, as for 
instance the Sauk and Fox war with the Sioux, or the Iroquois with 
the Cherokee. 

3) "Encouraging the warriors to go out." On occasion — either when the 
security of the tribe demanded concerted action, or when a war belt 
from an ally seemed worth accepting and a confederate campaign was 
to be effected — the council might notify the tribe, invite representatives 
of the warriors into council, stir up the people, advise the warriors 
on strategy, serve as a communications center, and so on. Although it 
was still up to the individual leaders to announce a war party, the 
council could stimulate them to do so, and to a degree coordinate the 
plans of various leaders. Here again, however, the council had no 
coercive power and could not raise an army against the will of the 
warriors. 

The basic situation thus was of a body of warriors constantly straining 
at the leash, ready to take to the warpath on the slightest provocation. 
Where a chiefs' council was effective, its relation to the war party could 
take one of three forms: direct encouragement, tacit consent, direct dis- 
couragement. It might also be noted that even where economic motives 
were prominent (as in the Sauk war with the Sioux), the basic rationaliza- 
tion for war was the avenging of an injury done to a tribesman (or even 
more closely, a kinsman ).^^ 

The Sauk and Fox, despite the fact that they did some buffalo hunting 



14 This sketch of the relation between political 
structure and warfare in the Northeast is 
based in part on the writer's knowledge of 
a wide range of primary source material and 
in part on the studies contained in the follow- 
ing works: William N. Penton, "Review of 
Primitive Warfare, by H. H. Turney-High," 
American Anthropologist, LII (1950): 246-47; 
Wendell S. Hadlock, "War among the North- 
eastern Woodland Indians," American Anthro- 
pologist, XLIX (1947): 204-21; Hunt, Wars 
of the Iroquois; Robert H. Lowie, The Crow 
Indians (New York, 1935) ; Bernard Mishkin, 
Rank and Warfare among the Plains Indians 
{Monographs of the American Ethnological 



Society, III, New York, 1940); W. W. New- 
comb, Jr., "A Re-examination of tlie Causes of 
Plains Warfare," American Anthropologist, 
LII (1952): 317-30; Marian W. Smith, 
"American Indian Warfare," Transactions 
of the New York Academy of Sciences, Ser. 
II, XIII (1951): 348-65 ; George Snyderman, 
"Behind the Tree of Peace: A Sociological 
Analysis of Iroquois Warfare" (Ph.D. dis- 
sertation, Univer.sity of Pennsylvania, Phila- 
delphia, 1948) ; Harry Holfeert Turney-High, 
Primitive War : Its Practice and Concepts 
(Columbia, S.C, 1949) ; Anthony F. C. Wal- 
lace, King of the Delaxvares : Teedyuscung, 
1700-1763 (Philadelphia, 1949). 



10 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 

on the Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri prairies, had a basically agricultural 
economy with a pronounced emphasis on the hunt for small game, espe- 
cially during the fur trade era.^^ These two tribes, like others of the area, 
lived according to a clearly defined annual calendar of activities: from 
fall (October) to early spring (May), there was hunting and trapping, 
particularly for beaver, on hunting grounds far up river from the villages, 
and the making of maple sugar; the spring and early summer (May to 
June) was spent in the village planting corn ; there was a summer hunt, 
for buffalo and other game (June to August) on the prairies ; and a return 
to the village for harvesting in the late summer and early fall (August 
to October) . The hunting grounds in this area, unlike those to the north 
among some of the Ojibwa, were nationally owned, and a tribal council 
decided where the hunters should go each season. These decisions were 
made in the light of various considerations : current peace or war in the 
neighborhood of a hunting ground; the extent of white settlement in an 
area; the location of trading posts; and the necessity of leaving an area 
untouched for a season or so, now and then, in order not to kill off the 
breeding population of animals. The tribes in the area all had clear notions 
of tribal boundaries, and all recognized the principle of tribal bounds; 
there were regular conventions according to which friendly tribes per- 
mitted their neighbors to hunt on their lands, if formal application was 
made or invitation extended ; two tribes might hunt in a specific area — 
even a disputed area — by common agreement. Areas could be won and 
lost by conquest ; could be abandoned ; could be preempted if found 
vacant.^^ Hunting grounds during the fur trade era were thus treated 
in some respects rather like capital property owned by a corporation : prop- 
erly maintained and worked, they produced an annual product of furs for 
the trade which, when sold, netted the tribal owners substantial sums of 
money. The Sauk and Fox in the period about 1804 brought in annually, 
to St. Louis alone, furs worth $60,000.^^ 

The importance of the hunt extended beyond the mere provision of 
food, clothing, and other consumption goods. For the hunt for furs and 
skins linked the Sauk and Fox with Europeans in that ancient intercon- 
tinental chain of commerce, the fur trade, and this link with Europeans 
brought to the Sauk and Fox, as to the members of other Indian tribes, 

15 See A. L. Kroeber, Cultural and Natural eastern Indians, 1600-1830," Southwestern 



Areas of Native North America (Berkeley 
1939) ; Skinner, Ethnology of the Sauk In- 
dians; Forsyth and Marston in Blair, ed. 
Indian Tribes of the Upper Mississippi, II 

16 See Anthony F. C. Wallace, "Political Or- 
ganization and Land Tenure among the North- 



Journal of Anthropology, XIII (1957) : 301-21. 

1'? Pierre Chouteau's estimate in 1804, in A. 
P. Nasatir, ed.. Before Lewis an^ Clark: 
Documents Illustrating the History of the 
Missouri, 1785-1804 (St. Louis, 1952), II: 
758-59. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 11 

quantities of trade goods. These goods — supplemented by what was given 
as '"'presents" at treaty councils, and what might be seized in war — 
gradually replaced much of the pre-Columbian material culture. By 1804, 
certainly, most of the Sauk and Fox regarded steel knives, traps, guns, 
brass kettles, needles, awls, beads, cloth, and whisky as elemental necessities 
of life. Thus Indian and white were in certain technological respects shar- 
ing a common ' ' frontier culture ' ' at the time when the United States was 
assuming control of the Louisiana Purchase area. It may be worth ob- 
serving that, beyond the above-mentioned technological traits, there were 
also several others which went to make up the frontier culture shared by 
both white and Indian. One of these was a dependence on kinship ties as 
the primary social nexus ; another was a heavy indulgence in hard liquor, 
with an attendant pattern of brawling; and there was a tendency, per- 
haps more marked among frontier whites than among Indians, to disregard 
formal laws, orders, and commands outside of kin relationships and to de- 
pend on force and loud protestation to settle arguments. Yet it is difficult 
to avoid the impression that, even without police, courts, or standing 
armies, Indian tribes were more orderly than neighboring white settle- 
ments, for there existed among the Indians a remarkable tradition of self- 
discipline by individuals which achieved for the tribe a degree of social 
coordination, even under severe stress, which whites cannot be said to 
have matched, for all their apparatus of law and political structure. But 
a crucial difference existed: the Indians of the frontier culture, orderly 
as they might be (except when drunk), were part of no larger organiza- 
tion; whereas white frontiersmen, however lawless, were part of a vast 
organization which could bring to bear in their behalf overwhelming eco- 
nomic and military force. In many ways, the Indians were more orderly; 
but the whites had the larger organization. 

It is sometimes difficult for us to realize that a ' ' nation ' ' like the Sauk, 
or even the Sauk and Fox together, amounted to no more than a few 
thousand men, women, and children — the population of a country village, 
no more. Together the Sauk and Fox were one of the largest tribal organi- 
zations in their area, yet their joint population ranged (with allowance 
both for the uncertainty of early figures and for the fluctuations produced 
by wars and other misfortunes) between about 3,000 and about 6,500 
(roughly two thirds being Sauk) during the period from 1700 to 1842.^^ 

18 The writer has compiled a table of thirty- Henry Schoolcraft, Archives of Aboriginal 

three contemporary estimates of the Sauk and Knowledge [Philadelphia, 1860], III: 593; 

Fox population during the period 1710-1842. Reynolds in E. B. Greene and Clarence W. 

The estimates for 1829, 1831, and 1834 are, Alvord, eds.. The Governors' Letter-Books, 

respectively, 6,600, 6,000, 6,900 (Porter in 181S-1S34 [Illinois Historical Collections, IV, 



12 INTRODUCTION : Preludc to Disaster 

Such a group, if it is part of no larger organization, cannot make many 
mistakes : an ill-placed alliance, a faulty campaign, a divisive faction, an 
epidemic of smallpox, a wrong guess about the movement of game, can 
reduce the population to the point where political survival is improbable. 

The combined territory of the several thousand Sauk and Fox Indians 
in 1804 may be bounded with reasonable certainty, using a variety of 
indications : the location of villages, the distribution of hunting grounds, 
claims of ownership, the nature of land use, summary observations of 
contemporary white men, and comparable considerations of the surround- 
ing tribes. There is no point here in attempting to delimit the area in all 
possible detail for any given time, or to show changes in use, occupancy, 
control, and claim through the period from first contact of the Sauk and 
Fox with whites in Michigan to removal beyond the Missouri in the 1840 's. 
For purposes of a discussion of the Black Hawk War, we may say that 
the Sauk and Fox territoiy in 1804 lay on both sides of the Mississippi, 
roughly between the Wisconsin River on the north and the Missouri on the 
south, and extending east to the middle of present Illinois and west to the 
watershed between the Des Moines and the Missouri rivers. Parts of this 
region they shared with the Iowa, a small allied tribe, who also occupied 
independently some other areas along the Missouri. Major settlement areas 
of the Sauk and Fox, in 1804, were along the Mississippi: at the mines 
about Dubuque, at the mouth of Rock River (Saukenuk and Mus- 
quakenuk), at the Iowa River, at the mouth of Henderson Creek in 
Illinois, and about the mouth of the Des Moines River; smaller summer 
settlements, other than those named, lay on one side or the other of the 
Mississippi, north of Dubuque and south of the Des IMoines, within the 
general territory. In and about the villages, within a radius of perhaps 
fifteen miles, land was used for gardening, for hunting small game, for 
the gathering of various wild vegetable products. In general, primarily 
Sauk villages tended to be in the southeast portion of the area, and the 
primarily Fox villages tended to be to the north and west of the Sauk. On 
both sides of the Mississippi, about present Dubuque, Iowa, and Galena, 
Illinois, Sauk and Fox mined lead for sale to white men. Winter hunting 
of skins and pelts for the fur trade took place at varying distances, often 
considerable, from the summer villages, on both the east and west sides 
of the Mississippi. 

Springfield, 1909], 182; Cass in Schoolcraft, Expedition, 1S04-1S06 [New York, 1904- 

Archives of Aboriginal Knowledge, III: 609). 1905], VI: 92-93; Pike in Schoolcraft, 

The estimates for 1804 and 1805 are, respec- Archives of Aboriginal EnoxvUdge, III: 562). 

tively, 3,200 and 4,600 (estimates by Lewis Where estimates of number of warriors only 

and Clark in American State Papers: Indian are given, the conventional correction factor 

Affairs, I: 711, and in Reuben Gold Thwaites, of 4 has been used to give number of souls, 
ed., Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 13 

The Sauk and Fox had not always lived in this region. When first 
heard of by white men, in the seventeenth century, they resided on the 
Michigan Peninsula. As a result of wars with the Iroquoian peoples to the 
east, they migrated before 1700 into what is now Wisconsin, the Sauk 
settling near the head of Green Bay, and the Fox a short distance to the 
south, near the Fox-Wisconsin portage. Fox efforts to control the fur trade 
with more westerly tribes led them, in the first half of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, into a chronic war with the French, which resulted in their moving, 
with their allies the Sauk, to the lower Wisconsin River and the Mississippi 
below the Wisconsin. By about 1764 there was a settlement at Rock River 
and at the mines near Dubuque ; soon thereafter the Sauk established 
themselves on the Des Moines. Between 1780 and 1800 the Sauk and Fox, 
with the aid of the Iowa (also on the Des Moines River about 1764 at least) 
drove away Osage, ]\Iissouri, and Kansas hunters from the region between 
the Missouri and the Des Moines. 

The tribes neighboring them were several : east of the Mississippi, on 
the south (disregarding sales of land) the Illinois, on the east the Potawat- 
omi and Winnebago, and on the north the Sioux and the Chippewa ; west of 
Mississippi, on the south the Osage, on the west the Iowa, the Oto and 
Missouri, and the Omaha, and on the north the Sioux. 

It is within the region just delineated, and with the tribes named, that 
the events leading to the Black Hawk War occurred. 

The Treaty of 1804 

The grievances of Black Hawk's band, and the claims of the United 
States to the Rock River country, dated back to 1804, when a treaty was 
negotiated between certain Sauk and Fox Indians and representatives of 
the United States. According to the language of this treaty, as it is printed 
in the Statutes of the United States, the Sauk and Fox ceded to the 
United States a large territory, on both sides of the Mississippi, including 
the lands on Rock River. The treaty (as executed by the Sauk and Fox 
signatories in 1804) read as follows: 

Articles of a treaty made at St. Louis in the district of Louisiana between William 
Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana territory and of the district of Louisiana, 
superintendant of Indian affairs for the said territory and district, and commissioner 
plenepotentiary of the United States for concluding any treaty or treaties which may 
be found necessary with any of the north western tribes of Indians of the one part, 
and the chiefs and head men of the united Sac and Fox tribes of the other part. 

Article 1. The United States receive the united Sac and Fox tribes into their 
friendship and protection, and the said tribes agree to consider themselves under the 
protection of the United States, and of no other power whatsoever. 



14 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



Art. 2. The general boundary line between the lands of the United States and of the 
said Indian tribes shall be as follows, to wit: Beginning at a point on the Missouri 
river opposite to the mouth of the Gasconade river; thence in a direct course so as 
to strike the river Jeffreon at the distance of thirty miles from its mouth, and down 
the said Jeffreon to the Mississippi, thence up the Mississippi to the mouth of the 
Ouisconsing river and up the same to a point which shall be thirty-six miles in a direct 
line from the mouth of the said river, thence by a direct line to the point where the 
Fox river (a branch of the Illinois) leaves the small lake called Sakaegan, thence down 
the Fox river to the Illinois river, and downi the same to the Mississippi. And the said 
tribes, for and in consideration of the friendship and protection of the United States 
which is now extended to them, of the goods (to the value of two thousand two hundred 
and thirty-four dollars and fifty cents) which are now delivered, and of the annuity 
hereinafter stipulated to be paid, do hereby cede and relinquish forever to the United 
States, all the lands included within the above-discribed boundary. 

Art. 3. In consideration of the cession and relinquishment of land made in the 
preceding article, the United States will deliver to the said tribes at the to\vn of St. 
Louis or some other convenient place on the Mississippi yearly and every year goods 
suited to the circumstances of the Indians of the value of one thousand dollars (six 
hundred of which are intended for the Sacs and four hundred for the Foxes) reckoning 
that value at the first cost of the goods in the city or place in the United States where 
they shall be procured. And if the said tribes shall hereafter at an annual delivery of 
the goods aforesaid, desire that a part of their annuity should be furnished in domestic 
animals, implements of husbandry and other utensils convenient for them, or in compen- 
sation to useful artificers who may reside with or near them, and be employed for their 
benefit, the same shall at the subsequent annual delivery be furnished accordingly. 

Art. 4. The United States will never interrupt the said tribes in the possession of 
the lands which they rightfully claim, but will on the contrary protect them in the 
quiet enjoyment of the same against their own citizens and against all other white 
persons who may intrude upon them. And the said tribes do hereby engage that they 
will never sell their lands or any part thereof to any sovereign power, but the United 
States, nor to the citizens or subjects of any other sovereign power, nor to the 
citizens of the United States. 

Art. 5. Lest the friendship which is now established between the United States and 
the said Indian tribes should be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is 
hereby agreed that for injuries done by individuals no private revenge or retaliation 
shall take place, but, instead thereof, complaints shall be made by the party injured 
to the other — by the said tribes or either of them to the superintendant of Indian 
affairs or one of his deputies, and by the superintendant or other person appointed by 
the President, to the chiefs of the said tribes. And it shall be the duty of the said 
chiefs upon complaint being made as aforesaid to deliver up the person or persons 
against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished 
agreeably to the laws of the state or territoiy where the offence may have been com- 
mitted; and in like manner if any robery, violence or murder shall be committed on 
any Indian or Indians belonging to the said tribes or either of them, the person or 
persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty, punished in the like manner 
as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is further agreed, that the chiefs 
of the said tribes shall, to the utmost of their power exert themselves to recover horses 
or other property wliich may be stolen from any citizen or citizens of the United States 
by any individual or individuals of their tribes, and the property so recovered shall be 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 15 



forthwith delivered to the superintendant or other person authorised to receive it, that 
it may be restored to the proper owner; and in cases where the exertions of the chiefs 
shall be ineffectual in recovering the property stolen as aforesaid, if sufficient proof can 
be obtained that such property was actually stolen by any Indian or Indians belonging 
to the said tribes or either of them, the United States may deduct from the annuity 
of the said tribes a sum equal to the value of the property which has been stolen. 
And the United States hereby guarantee to any Indian or Indians of the said tribes a 
full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them 
by any of their citizens; provided that the property so stolen cannot be recovered and 
that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United 
States. 

Art. 6. If any citizen of the United States or other white person should form a 
settlement upon lands which are the property of the Sac and Fox tribes, upon com- 
plaint being made thereof to the superintendant or other person having charge of the 
affairs of the Indians, such intruder shall forthwith be removed. 

Art. 7. As long as the lands which are now ceded to the United States remain 
their property, the Indians belonging to the said tribes, shall enjoy the priviledge of 
living and hunting upon them. 

Art. 8. As the laws of the United States regulating trade and intercourse vnth 
the Indian tribes, are already extended to the country inhabited by the Saukes and 
Foxes, and as it is provided by those laws that no person shall reside as a trader in 
the Indian country without a license under the hand [and] seal of the superintendant 
of Indian affairs, or other person appointed for the purpose by the President, the 
said tribes do promise and agree that they will not suffer any trader to reside amongst 
them without such license; and that they wiU from time to time give notice to the 
superintendant or to the agent for their tribes of all the traders that may be in their 
country. 

Art. 9. In order to put a stop to the abuses and impositions which are practiced 
upon the said tribes by the private traders, the United States will at a convenient time 
establish a trading house or factory where the individuals of the said tribes can be 
supplied with goods at a more reasonable rate than they have been accustomed to 
procure them. 

Art. 10. In order to evince the sincerity of their friendship and affection for 
the United States and a respectful deference for their advice by an act which will 
not only be acceptable to them but to the common Father of all the nations of the 
earth; the said tribes do hereby solemnly promise and agree that they will put an 
end to the bloody war which has heretofore raged between their tribes and those 
of the Great and Little Osages. And for the purpose of burying the tomahawk and 
renewing the friendly intercourse between themselves and the Osages, a meeting of 
their respective chiefs shall take place, at which under the direction of the above- 
named commissioner or the agent of Indian aft'airs residing at St. Louis, an adjust- 
ment of all their differencies shall be made and peace established upon a firm and 
lasting basis. 

Art. 11. As it is probable that the government of the United States will estab- 
lish a military post at or near the mouth of the Ouisconsing river; and as the land 
on the lower side of the river may not be suitable for that purpose, the said tribes 
hereby agree that a fort may be built either on the upper side of the Ouisconsing 
or on the right bank of the Mississippi, as the one or the other may be found most 
convenient; and a tract of land not exceeding two miles square shall be given for 



16 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



that purpose. And the said tribes do further agree, that they will at all times allow 
to traders and other persons travelling through their country under the authority of 
the United States a free and safe passage for themselves and their property of every 
discription. And that for such passage they shall at no time and on no account what- 
ever be subject to any toll or exaction. 

Art. 12. This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting 
parties as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the President by and with 
the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States. 

In testimony whereof, The said William Henry Harrison, and the chiefs and head 
men of the said Sac and Fox tribes have hereunto set their hands and afBxed their 
seals. Done at Saint Louis, in the district of Louisiana, on the third day of November, 
one thousand eight hundred and four; and of the independence of the United 
States, the twenty-ninth. 

(Signed) WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON 

Layouvois, or Laiyuwa, Outchequaha, or Sun Fish 

Pashepaho, or the Giger, Hahshequaxhiqua, or the Bear. 

Quashquame, or Jumping Fish, 

In presence of (the words "a branch of the Illinois," in the third line of the 
second article, and the word "forever," in the fifth line of the same article, being 
first interlined,) Wm. Prince, Secretary to the Commissioner. John Griffin, one of the 
Judges of the Indiana Territory. J. Bruff, Major Art'ry U.S. Amos Stoddard, Capt. 
coi-ps of Artillerists. P. Chouteau, Agent de la Traite Louisiaina pour le Departement, 
Innuage. Ch. Gratiot. Aug. Chouteau. Vigo. S. Warrell, Lt. U.S. Artillery. D. Delaunay. 
Sworn Interpreters, Joseph Barron, Hypolite Bolon.^^ 

In the years to come, contention flared about three issues : the validity 
of the treaty itself; the language in Article 2, by which the cession's 
boundaries were defined ; and the interpretation of Article 7, which guar- 
anteed to the Indians the use of the lands ceded as long as these lands 
remained the property of the United States. 

There can hardly be question that, from the Sauk and Fox standpoint, 
the treaty was not valid as a cession of land. The circumstances preceding 
and surrounding the treaty were unusual and require discussion in some 
detail. The misunderstandings about the language and interpretation of 
the treaty itself seem to have developed only later, after the existence of 
the treaty became an accomplished fact.^° 

In September of 1804, relations between the Sauk and Fox and the 
whites in Illinois and Missouri were becoming tense. The United States 
had but the year before bought the French (and through them, the 
Spanish) rights to the huge area of "Louisiana," and the local tribal 

^9 United states Statutes at Large, Yll: 84-87. of the circumstances surrounding the Treaty 

The article concerning the lead mines, which of 1804 is based on documents published in 

was introduced at the time of ratification by Territorial Papers, XIII ; American State Pa- 

the Senate, has been omitted from the text pers : Indian Affairs, I; and Black Hawk, 

reproduced in this Introduction. Life of Ma-ka-tai-me-shekia-kiak . . . (Bos- 
ton, 1834). 
2<J Except as otherwise noted, the account 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 17 

situation was in a state of flux. Each side suspected the other of plotting 
war. United States officials were uneasy because the Sauk were a large 
group, not bound by any treaty with the United States, and were refusing 
to give up prisoners or stolen horses.^^ It was rumored that the Sauk and 
Fox had "in a speech with wampum" (i.e., an official speech) invited 
the Kickapoo to war against the whites — an invitation which the Kickapoo 
refused. A Kickapoo reported that the Sauk had dragged an American 
flag in the dirt at the tails of their horses. The Sauk and Fox, on the other 
hand, were apprehensive because they had not received any of those marks 
of favor and friendship, or promises of protection, from the United States 
which certain other nations had received. The Osage, traditional enemies 
of the Sauk and Fox, seemed especially favored; the Secretary of War 
had instructed Indian Agent Pierre Chouteau to be "particularly atten- 
tive" to that tribe.^^ (The Spanish regime, by contrast, had at times 
favored the Sauk and Fox over the Osage.) Only the year before, further- 
more, the United States had bought from the Kaskaskia the land on the 
south side of the Illinois River, to part of which the Sauk and Fox felt 
that they and the Kickapoo had^a claim .-^ This neglect appeared to be 
especially ominous to the Sauk and Fox because United States officers in 
August turned back a war party of three hundred men who had marched 
from the river Wisconsin to attack the Osage: a proceeding manifestly 
irritating and, in addition, threatening, inasmuch as it implied that the 
United States was siding with the Osage in their ancient quarrel with 
the Sauk and Fox. Equally ominous was the trespass of the whites on the 
Cuivre River, where Sauk and Fox hunting parties were in the habit of 
wintering. These settlements not only were an infringement on Sauk and 
Fox hunting lands, but further hampered the Sauk and Fox in their 
conflict with the Osage. It is entirely likely that the Sauk and Fox saw 
the grim possibility that the Osage, as allies of the United States, would 
take over the southern Sauk and Fox hunting lands and would try to 
divert United States fur traders from the Sauk and Fox to themselves. 
In earlier years, the Spanish trade with the Osage had been interrupted 
by their wars with Sauk, Fox, and Iowa on the Des Moines River.^^ In 
November, 1804, Pierre Chouteau at St. Louis estimated that the annual 
value of the Sauk and Fox trade at St. Louis with the Spanish was $40,000 

21 Logan T. Esarey, ed., Messages and Letters Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis), II 

of WUliam Henry Harrison, Volume I (In- (May-Sept., 1935) : 114-15. 

diana Historical Collections, VII, Indianapolis, 

1922), 30. 24 La-Nvrence Kinnaird, ed., Spairi in the 

Mississippi Valley, 17651794: Translations of 
-2 Territorial Papers, XIII: 31. Materials from, the Spanish Archives in the 

Bancroft Library (Annual Report of the 
23 Stoddard to Dearborn, June 22, 1804, in American Historical Association for . . . 

Olimpses of the Past (publication of the 1945, II, IV, Washington, 1946, 1949). 



18 INTRODUCTION : Pveliide to Disaster 

for the Sauk and $20,000 for the Fox, or a total of $60,000. The nearest 
competitors of the Sauk were the Grand Osage, with an annual trade worth 
$35,000.^^ Nevertheless, the Sauk and the Fox both seem to have been in 
favor of a conciliatory policy toward the United States, at least as far as 
the tribal councils were concerned, and attempted to control the ire of their 
young men, who tended to favor hostilities against the whites. The United 
States, on her part, was aware that ''it was a subject of complaint with 
the Sacs, that they received nothing, and were connected with us by no 
treaty. "26 

Into this tense situation four Sauk hunters tossed a bombshell in 1804 
by murdering some white settlers who were trespassing on Indian hunting 
lands on the Cuivre Eiver. Later one of the murderers and his countrymen 
admitted that they had been expressing their jealousy and hatred of the 
Osage in thus killing whites who favored the Osage above themselves. 
''The Saukies own'd it was on that account principally that their young 
men committed the murders. They seem to think we give them the most, 
we fear the most — those who are the most daring and desperate. ' ' But the 
act seems also to have been an attempt by a rebellious party of warriors 
to force the hand of their conciliatory chiefs. When the hunters returned 
to the Sauk settlements, they "threw down the scalps before their town 
Chiefs, and tauntingly said 'Now you that make the land to smile, go cry 
with the whites.' " ^^ 

The Sauk chiefs who heard of the murders were greatly alarmed. They 
denounced the murder, and four of the bands living lowest down the 
Mississippi abandoned their settlements and retired "over the river Du 
Moins, apprehensive of retaliation." In this anxiety they were not un- 
realistic, for according to Major James Bruff at St. Louis, "It was with 
difficulty, and upon promises of ample justice, that the settlement on 
Cuiver cou'd be restrain 'd from falling on an innocent Sack village & 
distroying the whole. " ^s A deputation of two chiefs came down to St. 
Louis to announce their disapproval of the murder ' ' and to enquire what 
satisfaction we demanded ; but hoped we were just and would not punish 
the innocent for the Guilty. ' ' ^® These Sauk deputies found the settlements 
in great alarm, some settlers fleeing, a stockaded fort being built on the 
Cuivre River, preparations for war being made, and a general conviction 
among the whites that the Sauk also were preparing for war. These chiefs 
were given a message in "strong language" to take back to their nation, 

25Nasatir, ed., Before Lewis and Clark, II: 21 Territorial Papers, XIII: 80, 57. 

758-59. 

28 Ibid., 57, 77. 
26 American State Papers: Indian Affairs, I: 
693. 29 Ibid., 57. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 19 

demanding that the murderers be given up under the implicit threat of 
war, and inviting "a large proportion of them" to a treaty council with 
Governor William Henry Harrison at which ' ' measures may be taken that 
will produce those warriors. ' ' ^^ Harrison had been instructed in June of 
1804 to obtain cessions of land from the Sauk, on both sides of the Illi- 
nois,^^ but there is no evidence to show that the Sauk envoys were informed 
by the United States that a cession of land was contemplated as a major 
part of the business. 

The Saulc deputation hastened back, and next month, on October 27, 
another small deputation arrived in St. Louis, led by one Quashquame, 
who was "a prominent man of a small group of people who happened to 
have their camps near by one another. This small band made up the party 
that went to camp near Shallow Water [St. Louis]." ^^ Presumably at 
least one of the murderers was a member of Quashquame 's band. Quash- 
quame and the others were acting, as the party responsible for the murder, 
under charge from the Sauk nation as a whole to settle the matter of the 
murder before the Americans launched a war. They brought with them one 
of the murderers for trial and possible punishment by the Americans. 

Harrison, who had arrived in St. Louis only two weeks earlier and had 
been ''employed ever since in organizing the civil department," met the 
Sauk deputation shortly after sending away a party of Osage chiefs 
"loaded with valuable presents & puffed up with ideas of their great 
superiority to other nations — on account of the distinction paid to them 
by our government. " ^^ (Major Bruff, indeed, observed that the evident 
favoritism of the United States toward the Osage had "excited the jealousy 
& hatred of the other nations to such a degree that I am apprehensive of 
the consequences if as large presents are not made them also." ^^) Just as 
the details of the murders are not recorded, so the details of what actually 
happened during the negotiations do not appear in the records ; there are 
no treaty journals available ; and probably no one will ever know the full 
story. Harrison entered upon negotiation with the desire to buy land, as 
had been suggested in his general instructions from the War Department 
of June 27, 1804, which mentioned the desirability of a cession from the 
Sauk on both sides of the Illinois River. ^^ Quashquame and his colleagues, 
as we have seen, had not been given authority to sell any land, but they 
were authorized— indeed, charged — to settle the issue of the recent mur- 

30 /bid., 58. ^Territorial Papers, XIII: 76-80. 

3^ American State Papers: Indian Affairs, I: ^ Ibid., 80. 

695. 

35 American State Papers: Indian Affairs, I: 
32 Jones, "Notes on the Fox Indians," 235. 695. 



20 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 

ders on the Cuivre River and by so doing to remove the threat of war and 
invasion, thus paving the way to friendly trading and political relations 
with the United States. Quashquame, Pashipaho, and three other Indians 
(at least one of whom was a Fox) signed a treaty which effected several 
things ; it 

1 ) established the Sauk and Fox as allies of the United States, under their 
friendship and protection (thus putting them, officially at least, on a 
par with their ancient rivals, the Osage) ; 

2) guaranteed the Sauk and Fox secure possession of their lands; 

3) made an explicit agreement providing for an orderly and just settle- 
ment of complaints by individuals of one nation against those of an- 
other (thus theoretically obviating the possibility of another war 
scare) ; 

4) provided for the regular conduct of the Indian trade ; 

5) provided for a peace treaty (duly held later) between the Sauk and 
Fox and the Osage ; 

6) ceded to the United States a vast territory in Illinois, Wisconsin, and 
Missouri (identified as Cession 50^^) subject to a proviso which may 
have implied to the Sauk and Fox (unacquainted with the custom of 
private as opposed to public ownership of land) that the land actually 
was being reserved to them forever under United States guardianship. 
This proviso read : "As long as the lands which are now ceded to the 
United States remain their property, the Indians belonging to the said 
tribes, shall enjoy the privilege of living and hunting upon them." 

7) gave to the Sauk and Fox the sum of $2,234.50 and an annuity of 
$1,000. In view of the subsequent "pardon" of the Indian murderer 
who gave himself up (although the pardon arrived after the Indian 
had been shot "when attempting to make his escape"), it seems likely 
that an unwritten part of the bargain was the freeing of the prisoner. 
A second possible interpretation of the motives of the Indian represen- 
tatives in signing a treaty of ' ' cession ' ' is that they were panicked into 
acceding to a land cession, defined as "weregild," under threat of war 
and the death of the prisoner if they refused. 

Thus the most reasonable interpretation of the Treaty of 1804 is that 
it was understood by the Indian signers to be an authorized settlement on 
both sides of a specific incident which was threatening to develop into a 
full-scale war. When the United States offered to make the settlement gen- 
eral, and not merely specific to the Cuivre River incident, by receiving the 

36 This area is designated as "Cession 50" port of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 

by Charles C. Royce in Indian Land Cessions Pt. 2, Washington, 1899). 

in the United States (Eighteenth Annual Be- 



AntJiomj F. C. Wallace 21 

Sauk and Fox into their alliance and protection and establishing regular 
modes of handling problems of trade and international grievances, the 
deputation doubtless eagerly accepted the opportunity. From the language 
of the treaty, it seems likely that the Sauk and Fox deputies either in- 
terpreted the cession clause as a purely formal gesture of extending United 
States protection over a substantial part of their territory or that they 
were panicked into accepting it at the time (even though they had no au- 
thority from their tribes to do so) under threat of war, death of the 
prisoner, or perhaps even personal injury. The bounds described exceeded, 
on the east, the territory occupied or even claimed by the Sauk and Fox. 
The interpretation of the cession as an empty gesture could very easily 
occur to Indians unfamiliar with the public land system of the United 
States (by which such land is alienated to private individuals) but 
familiar with their own allotment system (by which the tribal council 
retained the right of disposition of the hunting lands year after year) and 
earlier French and British practice of making formal claims of political 
sovereignty to vast territories without any intention of infringing com- 
pensable rights of use and occupancy possessed by the aboriginal inhab- 
itants. Furthermore, the Sauk and Fox had been carrying on a very busy 
fur trade for a hundred years or more, a trade worth perhaps $60,000 
annually, and it is extremely improbable that they would have been so 
naive as willingly to sell several of their villages and a major portion of 
their hunting territories for a fraction of the income derived annually 
from them. It would seem much more likely that Articles 2 and 7 actually 
reassured them of undisturbed tenure, and that the Sauk deputation, not 
authorized to sell land, did not perceive the language of the treaty as a 
cession. 

It has sometimes been claimed that the Indians were deliberately made 
drunk and their signatures obtained under the influence of intoxication. 
This is possible but not confirmable, just as the story of the murder 's hav- 
ing been committed by a father as a result of a white man's indecent ad- 
vances to his daughter is possible but not confirmable.^'^ These assertions 
were made long after the event by Quashquame at a time when he was 
sorely pressed to explain away the treaty as a thing for which he was not to 
blame.^^ 

37 Certainly in later years Indian resentment The "Winnebago War" was in part aroused 
of white men's attentions to their women by Winnebago resentment of the sexual liber- 
provoked trouble. In 1820, for instance, Sauk ties taken by white miners. See Forsyth to 
and Fox objections to white men's taking liber- Clark, June 10, 1828, WHi: Draper MSS, 
ties with Indian women led to the calling out 6T85. 
of the militia of Boonslick Settlement. See 

Forsyth to Clark, March 24, 1820, as quoted 38 Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 27-28; Cy- 

in Sac and Fox Exhibit 317, Docket 83, renus Cole, / Am a Man: The Indian Black 

Indian Claims Commission, Washington, DC. Hawk (Iowa City, la., 1938), 30-31. Black 



22 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 

The Peace Policy, 1804-1828 

One of the remarkable characteristics of native American political 
structures was their capacity to maintain policy over extended periods of 
time. Indeed, possibilities for theoretical analysis exist here which may 
excite the fancy of scientifically inclined historians and historically minded 
social scientists, for consideration of the problem of policy-maintenance 
leads to the question of the relationship between policy and culture: a 
policy, beginning as the implementation of a particular relationship with 
traditional cultural tools, may after a period of time elicit change in the 
tools themselves. The struggle of the Sauk chiefs' council to maintain the 
peace policy required them to make desperate attempts to control irre- 
sponsible individuals and dissident factions; and in this struggle, the 
power to dispose of annuity and other tribal payments in cash and kind 
from white sources became crucial. Keokuk's effort in the 1830 's and 1840 's 
to secure certain operating funds to the council in order to give it power 
to forestall feuds h^ compounding killings, to recompense those of whom 
sacrifice was demanded, to care for the indigent, and to acquire the tools 
of civilization, deserves full treatment by a student of the dynamics of 
culture change. 

The peace policy of the council, and the council's difficulty in main- 
taining that policy in the face of dissent by rebellious warriors, was 
already formed in 1804 and, indeed, was responsible for the fact that a 
treaty, instead of a frontier war, occurred in that year. The council quickly 
learned that the treaty was regarded by the United States as a land cession. 
Their attitude was essentially one of accepting the treaty as a fait ac- 
compli, however irregular it might have been (since to reject it outright 
would embroil them in war with the United States), but at the same time 
of pressing the United States to remedy the treaty's injustices. 

In 1805, at a formal council in St. Louis, "several" of the Sauk and 
Fox chiefs spoke their minds on the issue of the 1804 treaty in a message 
which they requested to be sent on to the President of the United States. 
This message expressed deep regret and discontent with the treaty and a 
desire for more adequate compensation. The chiefs said : 

We were desirous to oblige the United States, but we had never before Sold Land, 
and we did not know the value of it, we trusted our beloved wliite men to Speak 
for us, and we have given away a great Country to Governor Harrison for a little 
thing, we do not say we were cheated, but we made a bad bargain and the Chiefs 
who made it are all dead, yet the bargain Stands, for we never take back what we 

Hawk's account of the affair seems to be pletely accurate in historical detail (he refers 

ethnologically reliable (in noting, for instance, to the murder of "an American," when at 

the customary usage of compounding for mur- least three were killed), 
der — the "weregild" practice) but is not com- 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 23 



have given, but we hope our Great Father will consider our Situation, for we are very 
Poor, and that he will allow us Something in addition, to what Governor Harrison has 
promised us.^^ 

At the close of the war of 1812 the Sauk and Fox separately, in 1815 
and 1816, made peace with the United States, and both (under pressure 
to end a war in which their allies had capitulated) assented to the Treaty 
of 1804,^" in spite of earlier reports that they would refuse to do so>^ In 
1817 chiefs of both the Sauk and Fox accepted the annuities for that year 
after Forsyth explained that the receipts did not constitute a new cession 
of land, that the United States intended only to retain possession of what 
it had bought in 1804.^^ j^ i^22 the united Sauk and Fox (the signatories 
including both Quashquame and Keokuk) signed a treaty exempting the 
United States from one of its obligations under the 1804 treaty. ^^ The Sauk 
and Fox furthermore had discharged certain of the other provisions of 
the 1804 treaty, in 1805 entering into a treaty of peace with the Osage.^^ 
And they may be argued to have acceded, at least technically, by their 
participation in the negotiations and treaties, to the land arrangements in 
1816 and 1825 by which the United States ceded to the Ottawa, Chippewa, 
and Potawatomi the bulk of the lands in Illinois north of an east-west line 
from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan, as well as the whole of 
Cession 50 in Wisconsin — amounting in all to nearly half of the cession. 
Likewise, they recognized Winnebago rights to part of Cession 50 as de- 
fined by the 1825 settlement at Prairie du Chien.^^ 

Thus it seems apparent that the legally constituted chiefs, acting in 
formal treaties and councils, did consistently refuse to reject outright or 
to sanction physical resistance to the carrying out of what the United 
States said were- the terms of the Treaty of 1804, even though they just 
as consistently protested its irregularity, argued over its interpretation, 
and demanded more adequate compensation. It is questionable whether 
they understood the terms of the treaty, either in 1804 or later, even when 
assenting to it under protest, in precisely the same way that the United 
States did. Quashquame, for instance, later insisted that he had not in- 
tended to sell any of the lands north of the Rock River,^^ and the Sauk may 

3S Terntorial Papers, XIII: 168. 44 Territorial Papers, XIII: 245-47. 

■iOJInited States Statutes at Large, VII: 45 jjnited States Statutes at Large, VII: 272- 

135-36, 141-42. 77. 

41 Portage des Sioux treaty report, July 11, 4« Forsyth to Clark, May 24, 1828, and May 
1815, Mercantile Library, St. Louis. 17, 1829, Bureau of Indian Affairs files, Let- 
ters Received, Illinois (Interior Records 

42 Forsj^h to Clark, June 3, 1817, Missouri Section, Natural Resources Records Branch, 
Historical Society, St. Louis. National Archives, Washington), cited herein- 
after as DNA: BIA, L Reed., followed by the 

4S United States Statutes at Large, VII: 223. appropriate file description. 



24 INTRODUCTION: Prelude to Disaster 

never until 1831 have realized how badly they had been "taken." Thus, 
we may say that in the interests of peace the chiefs of the Sauk and Fox 
not only refused to sanction any physical resistance to the carrying out 
of the terms of the Treaty of 1804 but also honored many of its provisions, 
though complaining constantly that proceedings had been irregular and 
the compensation unreasonably low. 

The middle-of-the-road policy of the chiefs was not popular with many 
of the warriors, however, and circumstances made the council's task of 
maintaining coordination increasingly difficult. Indeed, the chiefs event- 
ually found themselves between an upper and a nether millstone. During 
the early part of the War of 1812, the bulk of the Sauk and Fox, at the 
invitation of the American government, retired from their upper villages 
on the Rock and Mississippi to the Missouri, about the Grand, Lamine, and 
Osage rivers. Failure of trading opportunities during the war led to dis- 
satisfaction with the new location, and many of the Sauk and Fox returned 
to Rock River and the influence of the British. A small group remained on 
the Missouri, however, until several years after the war. In the early 1820 's 
there was another movement south and west to the Grand River by a 
group, primarily Sauk, who henceforth are identified as the Sauk of 
Missouri. These people lived in close association with the Iowa, on tradi- 
tionally Iowa land, and like the Iowa became vociferously pro-American. 
After the Black Hawk War, in order to secure advantages from separate 
dealings with the United States, the Missouri Sauk branded the Mississippi 
chiefs as anti- American. 

But while the Missouri Sauk eventually tried to promote their interests 
by assertions that the Rock River chiefs were hostile to the United States, 
the chiefs' policy came under early attack by recalcitrant young warriors 
who condemned them as weaklings under the influence of the United 
States ! This issue came to a head in the course of the protracted war be- 
tween the Sauk and Fox and northern and western tribes, particularly 
the Sioux, Omaha, and Oto. After 1812, Sauk and Fox hunters had been 
hunting increasingly westward and northward, invading lands of neigh- 
boring tribes. The cycle of revenge raids amounted, when seen in conjunc- 
tion with the extension of hunting west of the Des Moines-Missouri water- 
shed, to a war of conquest. The pressure for new hunting grounds was 
aggravated by the loss of grounds to the east, as a result of the 1804 ces- 
sion and the 1824 cession of lands in Missouri, and by the increasing 
intrusion of white miners in the lead regions of Galena and Fever River. 
In 1825 the United States, fearful that Sauk and Fox aggressions would 
kindle so general an Indian war that the fur trade as well as the white 
frontiers would suffer, brought about the treaty at Prairie du Chien, By 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 25 

this treaty, various intertribal boundaries were agreed upon and the 
parties pledged themselves to peace. Sauk and Fox expansion was recog- 
nized. 

Now the chiefs were committed to restraining the young men from 
further acts of violence. Although the chiefs were by no means inclined to 
give up anything which they had gained, they saw no advantage in profit- 
less bloodshed which would only embarrass their relationship with the 
United States. 

Black Hawk and Keokuk locked horns over this issue in the spring 
of 1827. The incident is worth describing in detail, both because of the 
light it sheds on later events, and because of its ethnological interest. Keo- 
kuk, the speaker of the council and war chief of the major moiety, came to 
Thomas Forsyth, the agent at Rock Island, about the matter. On May 24 
Forsyth reported to his superior, William Clark : 

Kiocuck with other braves called on me the other day and informed me that the 
Black Hawk was organizing a party of Indians to go to war, that the Chiefs had 
given him (the Black Hawk) three horses and other property to prevent him from 
going to war, but without any effect. Kiocuck also said, that the Chiefs and Braves 
would (in a body) once more talk to the Black H. and if they did not succeed in 
preventing him from going to war he must take his chances. I told Kiocuck to tell 
the Black Hawk that if he went to war, I would demand him and party and have 
them sent do\vn in Irons to St. Louis where they would pass the remainder of their 
days in prison, that should the Nation not give the Black Hawk up when demanded, 
you would come up to their village and take him & party down to St. Louis and 
put them in prison, that you had now Two Thousand soldiers near St. Louis at your 
command, ready for any emergency, and that the Treaty of Prairie des Chiens must 
be adhered to. Kiocuck said he would repeat all I said to the Black Hawk and ap- 
peared satisfyed what I told him. Kiocuck also informed me that a war encampment 
of Sioux Indians was discovered on the Raccoon fork of the Demoine early in the 
Spring which preve^ted the Sauks and Foxes from making a Spring hunt in the 
countiy, they intended which has injured them in some measure. Two young Sauks 
accompanied by Kiocuck delivered up to me four waggon horses, that they found some 
short distance up Rocky River all in good order and suppose they come from Fever 
River. I have written the Sub-agent at Fever River about these horses and if from 
that quarter, the owner will shortly come for such four valuable animals.47 

The Black Hawk was intransigent, however, and Forsyth on the twenty- 
eighth wrote to Lawrence Taliaferro, the Sioux agent, warning of the 
bre^ving trouble and noting that the Fox warrior Morgan was also anxious 
for war : 

I am soriy to inform you that a Sauk Indian named the Black Hawk is preparing 
to go to war against the Sioux Indians. The Sauk Chiefs as well as myself have done 
every thing in our power to dissuade him from going to war, but his answer is that 
nothing but death will prevent him. 

47 Forsyth to Clark, May 24, 1827. WHi : 
Draper MSS, 4T. 



26 INTRODUCTION : Pvelude to Disaster 



There is also a report in circulation that a Fox Indian named Morgan residing 
at Dubuques Mines is also prepaiing for war. I yesterday sent an express to Piemosky 
the principal Chief at Dubuques Mines stating to him the consequences, if he allowed 
any of his people to go to war, I hope Piemosky will be able to prevent Morgans 
going to war should their be any truth in the report. It is impossible to know, how 
many each party may consist of should they go to war, but may suppose each party 
will not exceed twenty five or thirty, as a very great majority of the youngmen are 
for peace, and blames the Black Hawk for wishing to disturb the peace of the Nation. 
I would suggest to your better judgment that they (Sioux Indians) may be advised 
of these war parties and be prepared to meet them, and I sincerely hope that not 
one of any war party from this country may ever return to their homes.-*^ 

Meanwhile the Sauk chiefs were exerting themselves by the only means 
available to them to call off Black Hawk. Forsyth reported to Clark again 
on May 30 : 

Sir — The Chiefs, Braves and women of the Sauk Nation of Indians residing near 
the mouth of Rocky Eiver have (alternately) done every thing in their power to 
dissuade the Black Hawk from going to war, but all to no effect. 

The Sauk Braves offered the Black Hawk seven horses with other property and also 
repeated to him my message but he said, it was useless, as nothing but death should 
prevent him from going to war — • Morgan a Fox Indian residing at Dubuques Mines 
is also preparing for war. I have sent by express a talk to Piemosky the CMef of 
that village acquainting him with the consequences if he allows Morgan or any other 
Indian to go to war from his village — I have written Mr. Taliaferro fully on the 
subject of those Indians intending to go to war, so that the Sioux Indians may be 
prepared to receive them, and I hope be able to punish these disturbers of the peace. 

A very great majority of the Sauk and Fox Indians are for peace but as Kiocuck 
werily says that the Black Hawk and Morgan will find some worthless young men to 
follow them.49 

At last, on June 15, the combined persuasions of the Sauk and Fox chiefs, 
and the diplomacy of the Sioux (no doubt stimulated by Taliaferro), 
brought Black Hawk to reason : 

Sir — I am happy to have in my power to acquaint you that thro the Industry 
of the Chiefs and Braves of the Sauk and Fox Nations of Indians, the Black Hawk a 
Sauk Indian and Morgan a Fox Indian have been prevented from going to war. A pipe 
with a conciliatory speech has been sent (and delivered) by Wabashaw a Sioux Chief to 
Piemosky's village at Dubuques Mines. A Similar pipe and Speech with wampums 
from same Sioux Chief is now in my possession, and vAW be delivered to the Sauk 
Indians tomorrow or next day.^" 

The situation remained tense, however, the Sauk and Fox chiefs striv- 
ing desperately to maintain organization in an unstable situation. The 
next five years saw their efforts fail. 

48 Forsyth to Taliaferro, May 28, 1827, Talia- 49 Forsj-th to Clark, May 30, 1827, WHi: 

ferro Papers, Minnesota State Historical So- Draper MSS, 4T. 

ciety, Minneapolis. 

50 Forsyth to Taliaferro, June 15, 1827, WHi: 

Draper MSS, 4T. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 27 

The Bock River Controversy, 1828-1831 

Some of the public lands held by the government of the United States 
in the territory which it regarded as having been ceded in 1804 were not 
opened to private purchase until many years later. In particular, the 
lands in the neighborhood of Rock River were not advertised for sale until 
1829. In the meantime, the Sauk and Fox resident on the east side of the 
Mississippi remained in their village, their local movements unhampered 
and their tenure undisturbed. To the south, and in the Missouri portion 
of the area, many of the lands were early disposed of; but until 1828 — 
a generation after the treaty — the Rock River people were not seriously 
troubled. Auguries of resistance to eviction were e\adent, however, in the 
indifference of the Indians to earlier, mild suggestions that they move, in 
the uneasiness which surrounded the opening of the mining concession on 
Fever River in 1822, and the plague of squabbles between rowdy frontier 
whites and touchy Winnebago which culminated in the so-called ' ' Winne- 
bago War" (few bullets, much shouting on both sides, negotiations at 
gunpoint in 1827, and a later cession in 1829 of the lead-rich lands on 
which the miners had been trespassing). 

Forsyth's first mention of removal in 1828 produced a negative reac- 
tion. On May 24 he reported to Clark : 

On thursday last I had a meeting with the chiefs of the Sac & Fox Indians who 
reside in this vincinity, on the subject of removing next spring on their own lands. 
Yesterday they gave me for answer, that they had never sold the land higher up the 
Mississippi river than the mouth of Rocky River— that they would not move from 
the land where the bones of their ancestors lay, and that they would defend them- 
selves against any power that might be sent to drive them from their present villages 
&c. — to this kind of language, I answered them by saying that I was not come to 
qnarrel with any of them — that it was for their own good, if they moved on their 
own lands— that there would be so many white people travelling on the great road 
which was to be made from opposite St. Louis to Fever River, and which road would 
pass through the Sac & Fox villages, that misunderstandings & accidents must happen 
between the white people &. Indians — that when anything of the kind did happen, 
they must not complain to me &c. &c. — but that I would acquaint you mth their answer, 
and they must not be surprised at anything that in future may happen them, as 
it was my opinion that you would on the receipt of my letter on this subject, communi- 
cate it to their Great Father the President. A Sac chief called the Red head, was 
somewhat insolent in delivering the answer to what I said to the Indians on thursday 
last; but when I told him not to forget what he had then said, as perhaps he would 
be called on at some future day to repeat the same words, he sneakingly went away 
without saying a word. This Red Head is the principal chief of the Sac Nation & ia 
a vile, unprincipled fellow. I have not, as yet, had any visit from any Winnebagoes, 
but have been informed that the Prophet of that nation, with his relatives, have 
settled at Wetecotes' village a distance of 50 or 60 miles up Rock River. This Prophet 



INTRODUCTION : Pvelude to Disaster 



is a very influential Indian & will always be within call (at his present residence) 
should any thing happen among the Winnebagoes of Eocky Eiver.si 

In the meantime, Ninian Edwards, governor of Illinois, was issuing 
threats of his own to Clark : 

I have only time to ask you whether any, and what definitive arrangements have 
been made for removing the Indians from the ceded lands of this State, in pursuance 
of the directions of the Secretary of War, and what is the prospect of immediate 
success? The Secretary's letter gave me reason to believe that this measure would 
have been accomplished before this time. The General Government has been applied 
too long enough for its own action to have freed us from so serious a grievance. If 
it declines acting with effect, those Indians will be removed, and that very promptly.52 

In another letter, four days later, Edwards referred to the presence of the 
Sauk and Fox on Rock River as "an invasion of the rights of a sovereign 
and independent State, ' ' and declared that if the Indians did not remove 
at once, either the President would use force, or he would, "on my own 
responsibility. ' ' ^^ The general tension was aggravated by a clandestine 
visit by two Indians to Clark in St. Louis. As Forsyth learned the story. 

It appears that a Sauk Indian named Wliish-co-baugh and a Fox Indian named Naw-t- 
waig visited you sometime past, that the Fox Indian abovementioned told you that 
the Sauk Indians had been listening to bad Birds who live towards the Sunrising (the 
British in Canada) and that they (the Sauks) intended to make war against the U. 
States, that a Sauk Chief named the Bad Thunder and a Sauk Brave named the Ihowai 
were at the head of all this mischief and that War would shortly commence by the 
Sauk Indians attacking the Whitepeople, but that the Fox Indians had nothing to do 
with the Sauks in this intended war against the Whitepeople but on the Contrary, they 
were for peace, that he (the abovementioned Fox Indian) had proposed to sell Du- 
buques Mines to you, saying that he was authorised so to do by all the Fox Chiefs. 
On the rturn of those two fellows (abovementioned) at their homes near this place 
Whish-co-baugh told the Sauk Chiefs what the Fox Indian had said to you in St. 
Louis, and also repeated the same words to me yesterday in presence of all the Indians 
then here. Search was made yesterday moniiug for the Fox Indian who had told you 
this Story, and have reason to believe that had he been found, the other Indians 
would have killed him, he is gone no person knows where. 

The Sauk & Fox Chiefs who were presnt yesterday requested of me to write you 
on the above Subject, and they hope you will pay no attention to these falsehoods 
or any others that may be carried to you in future by such idle fellows as the two 
abovementioned Indians who run from place to place telling falsehoods simply to 
get a few presents. Kiocuck very properly observed to all the Indians present Yester- 
day that he was satisfied that you did not believe the Story of the Fox Indian because 
you are to well acquainted with Indians, to suppose that the Sauk Indians intended 
war against the United States, but also said that if these falsehoods have been 

51 Forsyth to Clark, May 24, 1828, DNA: cago Historical Society's Collection, III, Chi- 

BIA, L Reed., Illinois. cago, 1884), 338. 

82 Edwards to Clark, May 25, 1828, in E. B. 53 Edwards to Clark, May 29, 1828, ibid., 

Washburne, ed., The Edwards Papers (CM- 339-40. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 29 



mentioned to the people in the Settlements, they not knowing the Indians may believe 
the report.^ 

A deputation of Fox Indians headed by Wapello visited Clark in St. Louis 
to straighten out the misunderstanding,^^ and councils among the Indians 
at Rock River resulted in an affirmation of the peace policy. 

As to the Sauk and Fox Indians remaiaing in future at their present villages on the 
East Side of the Mississippis is altogeter out of the Question, and I never heard that 
any of the Indians intended to Solicite your permission to remain in their Old Villages 
where they now reside, because it is now settled among themselves, that they will 
make new villages next Spring but they have not agreed among themselves where 
they will make those new Villages, but that point will be settled the ensuing Autumn.se 

But a faction now existed, among the Saul^ and Fox, which maintained 
a contrary view. This faction, led by Red Head, Bad Thunder, and Ihowai 
(or loway), was hostile both to the United States and to the councils of the 
Sauk and Fox. At this time Black Hawk does not seem to have been promi- 
nent in the dispute, nor was the Winnebago Prophet. The Prophet, re- 
putedly "half Sauk half Winnebago," was the head man (although not 
a chief) of a small village about forty miles up the Rock River, whose 
residents operated a ferry used by white men traveling to the mines at 
Fever River. The Prophet had a great personal religious following among 
the Winnebago, and was influential also among the Sauk and Fox. In 
1827 he had been invited by the Sauk to winter among them "low down on 
Rocky River," and he was making converts among them as well. "He is 
for peace," reported Forsyth in 1827,^^ and during the argument in the 
summer of 1828 he still appeared to Forsyth to be a peaceable man : 

This Winnebagoe Prophet is an Indian of veiy great enfluenee among all the Indians 
residing in the country bordering on Rocky River and its tributary streams, he has 
promised me that he mil use all his enfluenee to keep peace and quietness among all 
the Indians who reside in the Surrounding Country and should he hear any news he 
will immediately communicate it to me, and I on my part have made him a similar 
promise.^8 

The firat sales of land in the Rock River village area were not made 
until October of 1829 ; and between then and the beginning of the Black 
Hawk War, in 1832, only a little more than three thousand acres were sold. 
Most of that, however, was in the Indian settlement area.^^ White squatters 

54 Forsyth to Clark, June 16, 1828, WHi: 58 Forsyth to Clark June 10, 1828, WHi: 

Draper MSS, 6T. Draper MSS, 6T85. 

56 Forsyth to Clark, July 6, 1828, WHi: 59 Affidavit of L. A. Dunlap, "Sale of CerUin 
Draper MSS, 6T. of the Lands in Royce's Cession 50, Between 

the Military Tract and the Indian Boundary 
56 /bid. Line Prior to June 1, 1832," Sac and Fox 

Exhibit 146, Docket 83, Indian Claims Com- 

57 Forsyth to Clark, Dec. 2, 1827, DNA: BIA, mission, Washington, D.C. 
L Reed. 



30 INTRODUCTION : Pvelude to Disaster 

began arriving in large numbers in the spring of 1829, before the Indians 
returned from their winter hunt, ' ' and enclosed nearly all the Sac Indians 
cornfields. ' ' Forsyth remarked blandly, ' ' The Indians on their arrival were 
surprised at this, as also the destruction committed by the settlers, by 
tearing down many of their lodges." The whites, on their part, were 
vociferous about their rights, frequently calling on Forsyth, announcing 
that the Indians must go and asking him to drive them away. 

Forsyth held a long meeting with the Indians on May 16, 1829, ad- 
vising them to leave. In this meeting, Quashquame and Black Hawk be- 
came principal figures in the controversy, 

Quashquami denying that he ever sold any land above rock Eiver and also the Black 
Hawk saying that the white people were in the habit of saying one thing to the 
Indians & putting on paper another, and both these Indians made use of every 
argiunent they were master of to convince me that they never had sold the land above 
Eock River &c. 

I acquainted all the Indians then present of the Treaty of 1804, where Quashquamis 
name is as one of the chiefs who sold the land in question (the other chiefs being 
dead.) I also reminded the Black Hawk of the Treaty of 1816, when the Commissioners 
refused to smoke with him & the other Sac chiefs who accompanied him down to St. 
Louis to make peace, untill they signed the Treaty. The Black Hawk denied that any 
mention was made to him about land, in making the Treaty of 1816, but that the 
commr. must have inserted in the Treaty what was not explained to him & friends. 
The Indians and myself had a great deal of talk at this meeting, the most of which 
was quite unnecessary, & at the winding up of which I told the Indians I would not 
listen to any complaints that might come in future from any Indians who would 
remain at Eock River. The Chief Keeocuck enquired of me, in private, if he & some 
of his friends could remain at Rock River to raise the com they had planted? Sajdng 
at same time, that most of the principal chiefs & braves had gone to reside at a 
place a few miles within the mouth of loway River, and that more than half of those 
now at Rock River would also go shortly to the same place. I told Keocuck that he 
had heard what I said to the Indians in council, and that it was out of my power 
to give any Indian such permission as he asked for. 

It is my opinion that but few Indians will remain at Rock River this summer, 
but yet I am fearful that some diflSculty will take place between them & the settlers 
during the ensuing summer. 

All the Fox Indians, formerly residing in the vicinity have gone and made a new 
village at the Grand Mascoteen.^o 

The dispute during the summer became ugly. The squatters, although 
they were trespassing on public lands, could not be ordered off by Indian 
agent Forsyth ; the Black Hawk faction refused to be ordered off by either 
Forsyth or their own chiefs. Clark recommended a treaty but no negotia- 
tions were held.®^ At the end of May the Black Hawk faction announced 
"vei-y fiercely" that 

60 Forsyth to Clark, May 17, 1829, DNA: 61 Clark to Eaton, May 20, 1829, DNA: BIA, 

BIA, L Reed. L Reed., Sac and Fox. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 31 



. . . the land was theirs, that they never sold the land, that this land contained the 
bones of their ancestors and would not give it up, that they had defended it against 
all your power during the late war, and would again defend it as long as they existed, 
that they had fonned an alliance mth the Chippeways, Ottoways, Pottowatomies, 
Kickapoos and Menomonies, who were ready to assist them, at any time in defending 
their country against any force whatsoever &c. &c. A number of Chippeways, Ottoways 
and Pottowatomies, with some few Kickapoos were present, and assented to what 
the Sauk Indians had said.^^ 

Keokuk, however, refused to be present at the talk and asserted that ' ' the 
Sauks who spoke did not know what they were saying. ' ' It was plain that 
it was only "the Black Hawk with a few others . . . who are making all 
this fuss. ' ' The official position of the Sauk and Fox was clear : 

The stabbing chief, Pishke nawnee and all the influential Indians have gone to their 
own Country, during last month to a new village and there are some going daily from 
Eocky river, those who have planted corn ^^ill remain and they will be few in number 
to the whole Sauk population. . , . 

Keokuk himself was in an uncomfortable position : 

. . . the Indians now at Kocky River did not like him, and his intention was to go down 
to the Ihowai river to reside but that the head chiefs who are now at Ihowai river 
directed him to remain at Eocky Eiver to keep things in order if possible, and that 
he must obey the chiefs, otherwise him and those of his family now here would have 
been at their new village at Ihowai river long since. That he had succeeded in pre- 
venting two partizans, who have been fasting since last winter, from going to war. 
Keokuck appears to be much dejected, from his chiefs compelling him to stay 
at Eocky river, as part of his large family is already at Ihowai river, indeed he sees 
the necessity that the Indians should abandon their old village at Eocky river and 
live on their own lands.^' 

Matters remained unpleasant all summer. There was no gunfighting, 
but Indians were beaten by white men ; white men fought with each other 
over Indian cornfields; Indians tore down white men's fences and sheds 
and broke their whisky barrels. The council stiTiggled to maintain smooth 
relationships with the United States, even to the point of scrupulously ad- 
hering to the Treaty of 1825 which established peace with the Sioux. In 
June, Wapello and Katice, two of the Fox chiefs, gave up to Clark in St. 
Louis a Sioux woman who had been taken prisoner in a Fox raid. The 
woman's child had meanwhile been adopted by a Sauk woman. Keokuk 
went to great pains to get this child, offering a horse and other articles for 
it; Forsyth also offered to add to the ransom, but the child had been 
adopted into a Sauk family and the Sauk woman 's answer was ' ' that if I 
insisted on having the child, she would kill it and I might have the body 
for nothing. ' ' ^* 

62 Forsyth to Clark, May 22, 1829, DNA: 64 Forsyth to Clark, June 7, 1829, WHi: 

BIA, L Reed. Draper MSS, 6T. 



32 INTRODUCTION : Pvelude to Disaster \ 



In the fall the Rock River Indians went off on their hunt, Keokuk 
vowing never to return, since his efforts to keep peace between whites and 
Indians had cost him his summer's hunt and had earned him the re- 
proaches both of the chiefs at the new village on the Iowa River and the 
mutinous band at Rock River. As for the mutinous Indians, they were 
to be left to their fate ; said Keolmk : ' ' If any Indians did attempt to re- 
turn to reside at Rocky River next spring they must take their chance." ^^ 

But in the spring the Black Hawk band returned, refusing to accept 
the combined recommendations of the council and of Forsyth. Keokuk, 
speaking for the chiefs, observed in council : 

My chiefs and Braves have worked hard to persuade those Mutinous Indians to 
abandon our old village on Eocky Kiver and follow the footsteps of our chiefs to our 
new village on Ihoway Eiver, that the Chiefs and Braves were now waiting the final 
answer of the Mutinous part of their Nations and when received his Chiefs would 
communicate it to me.^^ 

The leaders of the mutinous band, in the meantime, were conferring with 
the Winnebago, perhaps with a view to settling with them farther up the 
Rock River. Forsyth suggested that a show of force from the troops at 
Rock Island, the mobilizing of a party of three or four hundred militia, 
would persuade the mutineers to leave. ^^ But all of these arrangements 
were thrown into disarray by an event whose serious consequences con- 
tributed heavily to the ultimate tragedy : the so-called ''Warner incident." 
The Warner incident flared out of the still-smoldering war between 
the Sioux and the Sauk and Fox. Although hostilities supposedly had been 
interrupted by the peace arranged at Prairie du Chien in 1825, and the 
principal men were said to be in favor of a real reconciliation, territorial 
encroachments by hunting parties from both sides continued to occur, and 
there were people killed. According to Indian custom, such deaths de- 
manded payment either in blood or in " presents ' ' to the relatives of the 
deceased, and the chiefs had no power to prevent offended relatives from 
taking to the warpath as long as their dead lay ' ' uncovered. ' ' Leaders like 
Keokuk did indeed try to cover the dead by gifts of horses and other valu- 
able presents, but the resources of the councils were small because of the 
general poverty of the tribes and because the trivial tribal income derived 
from annuities and other treaty goods was distributed to individuals at 
annuity time and thus was not generally at the disposal of the chiefs for 
purposes of maintaining social control. Recognizing these difficulties, 

65 Forsyth to Clark, Oct. 1, 1829, WHi: 67 Forsyth to Clark, April 30, 1830, WHi: 

Draper MSS, 6T. Draper MSS. 6T. 

6« Forsyth to Clark, April 28, 1830, WHi: 
Draper MSS. 6T. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 33 

Clark and other knowledgeable officials developed the plan of settling old 
scores, which constantly threatened to erupt into an explosive chain of 
killings, by a treaty in which the United States would cover the dead on 
all sides and thus (it was hoped) eliminate the primary motive of war- 
fare. Such a proceeding would, Clark felt, be far less expensive than mili- 
tary intervention. Furthermore, Clark regarded the failure of the United 
States to carry out certain boundary-fixing measures, which it had obli- 
gated itself to do in the 1825 treaty, as also in part responsible for the con- 
tinuance of trouble. ^^ These considerations led to the planning for a 
treaty council at Prairie du Chien in 1830, at which the Saiik and Fox and 
their enemies would be exhorted (indeed, threatened, under pain of mili- 
tary punishment) to keep the peace, and the dead of both sides would be 
covered at the expense of the United States government. 

The arrangements for the treaty proceeded normally during the spring, 
but considerable anxiety was felt by local Indian agents on the upper 
Mississippi lest an attack, long threatened, be made on the Sauk and Fox 
by a combination of Sioux, Menominee, and Winnebago before the treaty 
could be negotiated. Early in May Captain Wynkoop Warner, subagent 
at Fever River and an employee of Joseph Rolette (the American Fur 
Company factor at Prairie du Chien), summoned the Fox chiefs to meet 
and parley with the Sioux near Prairie du Chien. Warner informed 
the Sioux of the Fox acceptance of his invitation and of their traveling 
plans. In response to Warner's invitation (which was, in view of Warner's 
position as subagent, an official request by a representative of the United 
States government), "all the principal Indians" of the Fox village at 
Dubuque set off by canoe. This party, sixteen men and one woman, was 
unarmed, as befitted their mission. On the evening of May 5 they put to 
shore to cook their meal. They were there attacked by a war party of about 
fifty Sioux, Winnebago, and Menominee, and most of the Fox were killed. 
One man, half-Winnebago, was sent home with a broken arm to tell the 
news. 

Forsyth, the Sauk and Fox agent, and Taliaferro, the Sioux agent, 
now had the responsibility of preventing the war from becoming general. 
Both Sauk and Fox and Sioux mobilized about five hundred warriors ; the 
Fox village at Dubuque was evacuated ; the Sauk and Fox chiefs' councils 
both met and took the steps preparatory to war, the chiefs of the two 
tribes giving Katice, a Fox chief, supreme power to direct the warriors. 
Forsyth was able to persuade Katice to hold back the warriors while a 
party of 213 chiefs and warriors made a visit to Clark in St. Louis. 

08 Clark to McKennev, Sept. 28, 1829, DNA : 
BIA, L Reed. 



34 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



The Sauk and Fox, speaking there through Keokuk, were eloquent. 

When our people are killed in war our hearts are not grieved; but when killed en- 
deavoring to do a good act— when striving to make peace — when obeying the words 
of the Agent, it makes us feel bad. It was the death of Pie-mos-ky (1st Chief of the 
Fox Tribe) that made both nations mad. He always advised peace. He had a hook 
put in his mouth, and a rope round his neck. He was sent for by Genl. Street to 
meet the Menominies, the Sioux, and the Winnebagoes, and was killed on his way 
up. My father, We always take notice of your words and our a. Father's words- 
twelve days after your letter was received, advising peace and a meeting at P. du 
Chien, our people were killed. 

My father,— We don't want to go to P. du Chien. We wish to meet you at Rock 
Island. Our reason is, that we do not want to see our Chief Pie-mos-ky's grave. . . . 

My father, — Genl. Street is here, and understands my words — I can't shake hands 
with the Sioux and Menominees, until we are imid for covering our dead. 

My father, — If our G. Father w-ere to send for you, and you obeyed his words by 
going where he directed, and you were to be killed on the way when not expecting 
mischief, he'd feel sorry for you and revenge you, so we now feel. Our chief was sent 
for, and killed when thus obeying the instructions of the Agent.69 

Clark was able to persuade them to come to the council ; he himself even 
entertained the hope that they might sell "a part of their country im- 
mediately on the Mississippi, embracing their rich mineral lands, with a 
view to payments and an annuity sufficient to enable them to settle back 
from the Mississippi, and to assist in supporting themselves hereafter. ' ' '^^ 
And as if all this were not enough, a body of over a hundred white men 
took advantage of the Fox evacuation of the settlements at the Dubuque 
mines to cross the river and take possession ! Forsyth advised that these 
intruders should be driven off, writing to Clark : 

. . . the Sauk and Fox Indians are sufficiently soured against the whites, by their 
people having been killed going to Prairie du Chien last month, on an invitation of 
some of the Government agents. You must know what will be the consequence when 
they are informed that their mineral land is occupied by the whites, and permitted 
to remain. If drove off the Indians will then say, that the Government is friendly 
disposed towards them. This, in my opinion, is the moment for the Government of the 
United States to show their affection towards the Sauk and Fox Indians.'^i 

Despite the difficulties, matters were pressed to a conclusion by the 
United States. The intruders on the mineral lands were driven off, and 
the treaty was negotiated in July as planned. Although the Sauk and Fox 
would not sell the mineral lands for the price Clark was ready to offer, 
a peace among the tribes was concluded, and certain lands on the Missouri 

69 Talk of Sauk and Fox with William Clark, 7i Forsyth to Clark, June 14, 1830, 23d Cong., 
May 24. 1830, DNA: BIA, Treaties, Talks 1st Sess., S". i>or. 512, II : 65. 

& Councils. 

70 Clark to Eaton, May 26, 1830, DNA: BIA, 
L Reed., St. Louis. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 35 

and in northern Iowa, between the Sank and Fox and the Sioux hunting 
grounds, were purchased subject to various conditions. The American Fur 
Company, anxious to recover its debts from the Sauk and Fox, obtained 
an agreement whereby those Indians obliged themselves to pay $40,000 to 
the company's agents George Davenport and Russell Farnham in the 
event that the tribes should sell land to the United States. This agreement 
should be considered in relation to Davenport and Farnham 's purchase 
of part of the land at the Rock River village and to Davenport's request 
early in 1832 to allow the Sauk and Fox to come to Washington to settle 
their grievances and arrange a land cession. Alienation of the Sauk and 
Fox was a threat to the company's investment. 

But the legacy of the Warner incident most relevant to the Black 
Hawk War was paid in 1832, and for the sake of clarity, it may be men- 
tioned here. By Indian custom, the relatives of murdered persons were 
to judge the adequacy of the gifts offered to cover their dead. Some of the 
relatives and friends of the murdered Fox chiefs did not feel that the pro- 
visions of the 1830 treaty were adequate. And in August, 1831, a Sauk and 
Fox war party massacred twenty-five Menominee camped near Prairie du 
Chien, in revenge for the previous summer's killing of the Fox chiefs. The 
United States, fearful that her gifts for covering the Menominee dead 
would not forestall the ^Menominee and their allies in still another round 
of attacks, took military action. The following spring, General Henry 
Atkinson, acting on orders of the Commander in Chief of the Army of 
the United States, summoned the Sauk and Fox chiefs to council at Rock 
Island and, under threat of force, demanded that the principal men 
involved in the attack be surrendered. Three men, "of rank, and con- 
nexions & descendants of the Fox Chiefs murdered by the Menominies," 
were given up as hostages. But the chiefs were unable to surrender the 
rest, "as the other principal persons who were concerned have gone off 
with the hostile Indians to Rock River." Atkinson, noting that "the con- 
duct of the friendly chiefs, Wapella, Stabbing Chief, & Keokuck has 
been so decidedly earnest, and persevering to obey the orders of the 
Government in bringing the matter to a satisfactory conclusion, ' ' decided 
"not to press them beyond their abilty to comply, as a contrary course 
might tend to drive to the enemy a still greater number of their young 
men. ' ' "^^ 

Thus, in part, Black Hawk's band was recruited from relatives of 
the Fox chiefs who had been murdered (in Indian eyes) for complying 



72 Macomb to Atkinson, March 17, 1832, after as IHi : BHW Coll. ; Atkinson to Ma- 

Black Hawk War Collection, Illinois State comb, April 19, 1832, Atkinson Letter Book, 

Historical Library, Springfield, cited herein- IHi: BHW Coll. 



I 

I 
36 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster^ 

with the wishes of the United States government. The avenging relatives ■ 
were now threatened with jail for following Indian custom in obtaining i 



The Warner incident and the Treaty of 1830 obscured the problem, ; 
during that summer, of the presence of the stubborn Black Hawk band j 
at Rock Eiver. But preparations were made to terminate the nuisance in { 
1831. The knowledgeable Forsyth was removed as Indian agent by the I 
Jackson administration, and when the Black Hawk band returned to the | 
village in the spring of 1831, they found an Indian agent who not only I 
was unskilled in Indian negotiation but also was more responsive to the j 
clamors of the frontier settlers. | 

The news of the return of the so-called "British party" in May was j 
carried to Governor John Reynolds, who at once called up seven hundred 
mounted militia in order, as he said, "to remove them dead, or alive over 
to the west side of the Missisippi." '^^ General Edmund P. Gaines, at St. 
Louis, commanding the military forces in the district, on being requested 
by Reynolds to provide further military force, ordered ten companies of 
federal troops to Rock Island, and (possibly fearing the interference of 
an undisciplined and irresponsible mob of militia) advised Reynolds that 

. . . under existing circumstances, and the present aspect of our Indian relations on 
the Eock Island section of the frontier, I do not deem it necessary or proper to re- 
quire militia, or any description of force, other than that of the Regular Army at 
this place and Prarie du Chein.''^ 

Gaines then hastened to Rock Island, reaching that place by steamboat 
by June 4, safely in advance of the militia. Gaines, however, found 
Black Hawk and his men adamant, insisting that the land had never been 
sold. Quash quame, as usual, disclaimed the full cession : ' " Some time ago 
I sold a part of the land of the Sauks to release one of our Braves who 
was in jail ; but neither I nor any of my braves know of any sale of all 
our lands East of the Mississippi river." ^^ The Indians denied any hostile 
intentions ; all they wanted to do was to stay in their old village. Keokuk, 
attending the council on the next day, reported 

f 3 The foregoing account of the Warner inci- '74 Reynolds to Clark, May 26, 1831, Qov- 

dent is based on a series of documents in ernors' Correspondence, 1809-31, Vol. 2, Illi- 

the Forsyth Papers, the National Archives, nois State Library, Archives Division, Spring- 

and elsewhere, and particularly on the follow- field, cited hereinafter as I-A: Gov. Corr. 

ing letters: Eaton to Commanding Officer, 1809-31, Vol. 2. 

Fort Crawford, April 5, 1830, DNA: BIA, L 

Sent, Vol. 6; Forsyth to Clark, May 6, 1830, t5 Gaines to Reynolds, May 29, 1831, I-A: 

DNA: BIA, L Reed., Rock Island; Hardy Gov. Corr. 1809-31, Vol. 2. 

to Warner, May 7. 1830, DNA: BIA, L 

Reed., St. Louis; Forsyth to Clark, May 17, 76 Memorandum of talks between Edmund P. 

1830, DNA: BIA, L Reed., St. Louis; Clark Gaines and the Sauk, June 4, 5, and 7, 1831, 

to McKenney, July 23, 1830, 23d Cong., 1st DNA: AGO. 

Sess., S. Doc. 612, II: 80-81; Macomb to 

Atkinson, March 17, 1832, IHi: BHW Coll. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 37 



. . . that he had already drawn off ten or twelve large lodges (near 50 families) & 
, was in the expectation of being joined by others, as he should continue to "pull at 
{ them," until he drew off all that would come. And that he wished that the Greneral 

would not apply force to the Black Hawk band, until he (Keokok) could get all his 
I friends & relations across the Mississippi. But as they had planted corn at Rock 
I River, it was now too late in the season to prepare new fields to plant more they 
j would suffer from want of food.''"'' 

i Gaines too was adamant : the Indians would have to leave ; but he prom- 
ised to provide them with com if they left voluntarily. By the seventh 
of June, Black Hawk asserted that he was willing to go, "if the chiefs 
of his tribe consented to it. ' ' 

But in the meantime Gaines, having become anxious because Black 
Hawk Avas reported to have invited the Prophet's band of Winnebago 
and some Kickapoo and Potawatomi to join him, had called on Reynolds 
to supply his militia."^^ Rumors were flying about that the Sauk and Fox 
were threatening to fight to resist removal and that they had driven off the 
white settlers in the neighborhood.'^^ 

The stalemate continued in effect until the end of June, when about 
fifteen hundred militia arrived at the Sauk village on Rock River, under 
cover of a barrage of grapeshot and canister. (The Indians supposed to be 
hiding there to resist the militia were found to have deserted the village 
the preceding night.) At the councils which followed, the militia force, 
with the Regular Army troops under Gaines, presented the Black Hawk 
band with the spectacle of an imposing army spoiling for a fight. On the 
thirtieth of June, under the combined promptings of that ' ' artful negoti- 
ator" Keokuk, and of the more heavy-handed General Gaines and Gov- 
ernor Reynolds, the ''British band" of Sauk signed articles of capitula- 
tion, acceding to the validity of the 1804 cession, admitting their previous 
intention forcibly to resist eviction, submitting to the authority of the 
"friendly" chiefs, and agreeing to remove west of the Mississippi.^** 

The immediate aftermath of the affair was a torrent of verbiage, all 
white persons concerned in it being eager to justify their actions. Deposi- 
tions, official reports, and copies of letters were accumulated by the dozen, 
for transmittal to Washington, to show that Black Hawk's band was a 
savage military force which had invaded Illinois, attacked peaceful set- 
tlers, and was planning to drench the frontier in blood. General Clark 
justified forcing the Indians to cross the Mississippi (not merely to get 

T' Ibid. The italicized phrase is underlined in 79 Cutler to Munn, June 9, 1831, DNA: BIA, 

the original. L Reed., Sac and Fox. 

TS Gaines to Reynolds, June 5, 1831, I-A : 80 George A. McCall, Letters from the Fron- 

Gov. Corr. 1809-31, Vol. 2. tiers . . . (Philadelphia, 1868), 240; articles 

of agreement and capitulation, June 30, 1831, 
in DNA: BIA, L Reed., Sac and Fox. 



38 INTRODUCTION: Prelude to Disaster | 



off lands purchased by individuals) on the dubious grounds that the Sauk 
and Fox had given up their rights to settle or hunt on any land east of 
the Mississippi by the second article of the Washington Treaty of 1824.8^ 
(The phrasing of this article can be interpreted with equal plausibility 
as referring to the lands specifically ceded by the treaty, which lay entirely 
within the state of Missouri.) The story of the deputation of Sauk and 
Fox Indians who had gone among the tribes to the Southwest and the 
relation of the Black Hawk band to the British and to the Winnebago, 
Potawatomi, and Kickapoo were touted as demonstrating an intention of 
the whole tribe to organize a general war against the United States, with 
military aid from Canada. Governor Reynolds was embarrassed when he 
discovered that the settlers were digging up the bones in the old Indian 
graveyard and burning the remains. Perhaps the later recollections of an 
old settler who was present are more reliable indicators of the real situa- 
tion. John W. Spencer, one of the volunteers, observed : 

I had a field of twenty acres of corn and potatoes, and the volunteers went for the 
fence. We tried to stop them from taking the rails, but could not; going to the 
Governor and General Gaines, they went out to the field and told the men they must 
not take the fence. While they were present the men stopped operations, but as soon 
as they turned to return the men, to the number of four or five hundred, took each a 
rail on his shoulder, and marched behind them into camp. By this operation I lost 
all my crop for one year, for which I never received a cent, the soldiers doing me 
ten times as much damage as the Indians had ever done. "When we asked Black Hawk 
why he did not do as he said he would, "sit down in his wigwam and let them do as 
they pleased with him," he said, "If General Gaines had come with only the regular 
troops at the Island, he should have remained in his wig^vam, but to have done so with 
men that the officers had no control over would have been sure death to Mm." In 
this he acted wisely, as among these volunteers were many frontiersmen who had 
had friends killed by the Indians, and were prepared to avenge their death on these 
or any other Indians.®^ 

Black Hawk Crosses the River, 1832 

During the winter of 1831-1832, the Winnebago Prophet sent two 
messengers to invite the Black Hawk band ''to join him at his village, 
there to live." Early in April he came to Felix St. Vrain, the Sauk and 
Fox agent at Rock Island, to inform him of this. He said he had not yet 
received an answer from Black Hawk. On being quizzed, he asserted 
that he had not known that the terms of the ''treaty" of 1831 prohibited 
the Sauk and Fox from setting foot in Illinois, but thought it referred 
only to the old village, and on being informed by St. Vrain that he too 

81 Clark to Secretary of War, Aug. 12, 1831, Mississippi Valley by J. W. Spencer, reprinted 
DNA: BIA, L Reed., St. Louis. in Tlie Early Day of Rock Island and Daven- 
port (M. M. Quaife, ed., Chicago, 1942), 

82 From Reminiscences of Pioneer Life in the 49-50. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 



39 



might be ''ordered from [his] village by the whites," he replied, ''Per- 
haps you expect to do so, but you may lay my bones there. ' ' ^ General 
Atkinson at St. Louis, informed of the possibility of Black Hawk's return, 
announced his intention of preventing Black Hawk from "reoccupying 
his old village"; meanwhile Atkinson was concerned with obtaining the 
surrender of the Menominee murderers and keeping the Sioux and Me- 
nominee from attacking the Sauk and Fox.^* He proceeded at once to 
Rock Island with troops, leaving St. Louis on the eighth of April. 

But on the fifth of April, Black Hawk's band had crossed the Missis- 
sippi, near the mouth of the Iowa River at a place called the Upper Yellow 
Banks, and proceeded toward Rock River. Atkinson learned of the cross- 
ing on the tenth of April, when he reached the Des Moines River.^^ 

Before proceeding to the denouement of Black Hawk's venture, let us 
now pause to evaluate the composition and probable motives of the band. 
Events from this point on were rapidly to remove from Black Hawk the 
possibility of choosing his course of action. 

The number of Indians with Black Hawk when he crossed the river 
was probably in the neighborhood of 1,000 souls. Estimates, of course, 
varied widely at the time and in retrospect. The number of Sauk and Fox 
"warriors" (men and youths capable of bearing arms) with Black Hawk 
was estimated by Forsyth, in his manuscript essay of October 1, 1832, at 
368; with them were about 100 Kickapoo "warriors."®^ John Connolly, 
a former Sauk and Fox subagent, estimated the Sauk and Fox men and 
boys at 400.^^ Keokuk, in council with General Atkinson, gave the figure 
of 500 (probably implying "warriors"), equally divided into Sauk and 
Fox, and Atkinson reported the figTire of 500 warriors.^^ With the men 
were a large number of women and children, since whole families were 
moving with the band.^^ They were carrying with them the skins and furs 
obtained in the winter hunt on Salt River (in northern Missouri or 
southern lowa).®^ Later, of course, they were joined by some of the Sauk- 



83 St. Vrain to Clark, AprU 6, 1832, DNA: 
BIA, L Reed., Rock Island. 

84 Atkinson to Macomb, April 7, 1832, Atkin- 
son Letter Book, IHi: BHW CoU. 

85 Atkinson to Macomb, April 10, 1832, Atkin- 
son Letter Book, IHi: BHW CoU.; Atkinson 
to Jones, Nov. 19, 1832, IHi: BHW CoU. 

86 Forsyth report headed "Original causes of 
the troubles with a party of Sauk and Fox 
Indians under the direction or command of 
the Black Hawk who is no chief," Oct. 1, 
1832, WHi, Draper MSS, 9T. 



ST John Connolly, "Memorandum on Sauk 
Trouble," ca. 1832-1833, John ConnoUy Pa- 
pers, Minnesota State Historical Society, 
Minneapolis. 

88 Atkinson to Reynolds, AprU 13, 1832, Atkin- 
son Letter Book; Atkinson to Macomb, AprU 
13, 1832, Atkinson Letter Book; and minutes 
of a council at Fort Armstrong, AprU 13, 
1832; aU in IHi: BHW CoU. 

89 Minutes of a councU at Fort Armstrong, 
April 13, 1832, IHi: BHW CoU. 

»o Whiteside to Atkinson, May 18, 1832, IHi: 
BHW CoU. 



40 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 

Winnebago half-breeds and stragglers at Prophet's village, about ten 
lodges ^^ (probably about 50 "warriors" and a total of 100 souls). The 
estimate of 1,000 souls as the total number of Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo in 
the band, agrees closely with the breakdown of fatal casualties and prison- 
ers obtained during the course of the campaign and its aftermath. It may 
be noted that the Kickapoo who came with Black Hawk were a band which 
had broken away from their tribe after their cession of Illinois lands in 
1819 and had asked, and been given, about 1820, permission to hunt on 
Sauk and Fox territory and establish a village near the mouth of the 
Rock.«2 

Evaluation of the motives and intentions of Black Hawk's band must 
recognize first of all that it was a polyglot group composed of persons 
who, while sharing a resentment against both the Sauk and Fox chiefs 
and American settlers, agents, and military personnel, were not necessarily 
homogeneous either as to the origins of their resentment or as to their 
purposes in making the move. 

One group, of course, had a clear and obvious motive for joining Black 
Hawk: the Sauk and Fox warriors who had killed the Menominee in 1831, 
and their relatives. These people — perhaps fifty or sixty souls — had the 
overriding motive of escape. If they remained with Keokuk's party, they 
might be turned over by Keokuk's friends to United States authorities 
for punishment or exchange to the IMenominee. As long as they were with 
Black Hawk, they were safe (or so they probably thought) from this 
danger. Some of these people had no particular attachment to the Eock 
River settlement itself. 

The Kickapoo group of twelve lodges ^^ did have an attachment to the 
Rock River in the form of their village there. Because they had no spokes- 
man of their own, before or after the war (and their menfolk were almost 
all killed in the fighting ^^) we do not know what their rationale for 
resenting eviction was. Perhaps they felt they had little to lose, since 
they had already lost their own lands in Illinois, and were evidently not 
being supported in their tenure at Rock River by the Sauk and Fox chiefs. 
Perhaps also some of them were devotees of the Prophet. In any case, they 

91 Minutes of examinations of Indian prisoners, noted the equivalence "twelve large lodges 

Aug. 20 and Aug. 19, 1832, both in Secretary (near fifty families)," McCall, Letters from the 

of War files, War Records Branch, Xational Frontiers, 231; see also the memorandum of 

Archives, Washington, cited hereinafter as talks between Edmund P. Gaines and the 

DNA: S^V^. Sauk, June 4, 5. 7, 1831, DNA : AGO. This 

would imply about fifty extended families of 

93 Forsyth to Clark, May 25, 1830, DNA: Kickapoo, with an average of two warriors 

BIA, L Reed.; Forsyth to Clark, Jan. 2, per extended family. 
1820, and Sept. 5, 1822, WHi: Draper MSS, 

6T. 94 Minutes of examinations of Indian prison- 



93 Ai7iong the Sauk and Fox, Keokuk once 



ers, Aug. 19 and 20, 1832, DNA: SWF. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 41 

seem to have identified themselves unequivocally with whoever was willing 
to support their hopes of remaining in their new home on Rock River. 

Leaving aside Kickapoo and refugees from justice, we have then about 
350 Sauk and Fox warriors, and some of their families, to provide the 
nucleus of the band. Some, but not all, of these regarded Rock River as 
their proper home; others doubtless joined for various personal motives, 
no doubt even some in the hope of finding an excuse for killing Americans. 
But the leadership, and the bulk of the warriors and their kinfolk, were 
acting on the basis of a policy based in turn on a peculiar theory which 
grew in part, out of the past generation's disappointments and stresses, 
and in part from the dreams of the Winnebago Prophet. For this nuclear 
group, the eloquent Black Hawk emerged as the spokesman; and the 
little group of so-called ''chiefs," as well as most of the warriors, gen- 
erally followed his and the Prophet 's advice. 

The theory which guided Black Hawk was a combination of panicky 
fear about losing personal integrity by giving in to a powerful and con- 
temptuous adversary, stubborn legalistic argument, and wild fantasy. 

The fear of loss of personal integrity is a motive whose power to deter- 
mine political events cannot be overestimated, and in this event it was 
probably the major determinant. We have already noted how bitterly 
many Sauk and Fox resented their tribes' being slighted by the United 
States, in favor of their enemy the Osage, in 1804. This resentment was 
said indeed to have prompted the murders which nearly began a frontier 
war in that year and which led directly to the disastrous Treaty of 1804. 
One consequence of that treaty was to force the Sauk chief Quashquame 
to go to great lengths to deny that he had been so foolish as actually 
to sign knowingly a document ceding the major Sauk settlement area. We 
have also noted the resentment by the Sauk and Fox of the arrogance, 
brutality, and contempt shown them by rough frontiersmen. This con- 
tempt was particularly galling when it was accompanied by sexual ex- 
ploitation of Indian women by white men, who regarded objections by 
Indian men to white philandering with (in white eyes) "loose" native 
women as threats against white supremacy. Indeed, the relationship be- 
tween Americans and the Sauk and Fox had become, by 1832, a classic 
race problem, with lurid sexual fantasies determining public sentiment 
on both sides. Whites complained periodically of Indian men who insulted 
white women, and during the war the capture of two white women (later 
released unmolested) roused sensational rumors of rapine and pillage. The 
Sauk and Fox, on their part, entertained complementary fantasies. In 
July, 1832, Taimah and Apenose, chiefs of the Fox and Sauk respectively, 



42 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 



wrote to Clark describing the "fables" believed by, and circulating among, 
the members of Black Hawk's band before the war: 

Father,— We will relate one of these fables:— We were told that the Americans 
were determined shortly to lay hands on all our males, both old and young, and deprive 
them of those parts which are said to be essential to courage; then, a horde of Negro 
men were to be brought from the South, to whom our wives, sisters, and daughters 
were to be given, for the purpose of raising a stock of Slaves to supply the demand 
in this country, where negroes are scarce. 

We assure you. Father, that this, and many other similar stories have had a great 
influence on the minds of all, or at least of most, of that unfortunate band, which 
seems now abandoned from heaven and humanity. For the evidence of this fact, I will 
refer you to the enthusiastic madness with which our women urged their husbands to 
this desperate resort; & secondly, influenced by a belief of the above fables, they have 
uniformly treated the dead bodies of the unfortunate white men who have fallen into 
their hands, with the same indignities which they themselves so much dreaded.^^ 

To Indians entertaining such anxieties, circumstances like American inter- 
ference with their wars against the Sioux, which involved both the secur- 
ing of new hunting grounds to replenish the dwindling game supply and 
revenge for past insults ; the seizure of the killers of the Menominee, when 
no similar action had been taken against Sioux and Menominee killers 
of the Fox ; the continual trespassing on Indian lands in the lead regions ; 
the desecration of Indian graves; and the use of force to evict the resi- 
dents of the Rock River village from their homes — these and other circum- 
stances of the same kind appeared like systematic, sadistic persecution, 
in the face of which retreat would bring dishonor without security. 

Black Hawk was the perfect spokesman for men and women plagued 
by such fears, for, while he shared the fears, he was able stoutly and 
steadfastly to express their denial; he was able to denounce the whites, 
but also able to vow resistance only if attacked; and he was able to sew 
together the tattered shreds of native self-respect in a scheme, legalistic 
and visionary, which promised victory, honor, and security — all without 
aggressive war. He became, both in the eyes of his band and to many 
whites who later saw him and read his autobiography, the prototype of 
the noble redman, defending the honor of a dying race. Thus, facing 
General Gaines and Governor Reynolds in 1831, he identified himself in 
council : 

"You asked, 'Who I am' — I am a Sauk; my fathers were great men, & I wish to 
remain where the bones of my fathers are laid. I desire to be buried with my fathers; 
Why then should I leave their fields?"®^ 



95Tai-mah and Apanos-okimant [so spelled] »« Memorandum of talks between Edmund P. 

to Clark, July 22, 1832, DNA: BIA, L Reed., Gaines and the Sauk, June 4, 5, 7, 1831, 

Sac and Fox. Apenose is sometimes identified DNA: AGO. A slightly different version is in 

as a Fox chief. McCall, Letters from the Frontiers, 230-31. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 43 

And when he met General Jackson in "Washington, after the war, he is 
reported to have said proudly : " I am a man ; and you are another ! " On 
his capture, he gave a statement which rang the theme of pride : 

My warriors fell around me. It began to look dismal. I saw my evil-day at hand. The 
sun rose clear on us in the morning; at night it sunk in a dark cloud, and looked like 
a ball of fire. This was the last sim that shone on Black Hawk. He is now a prisoner 
to the white man, but he can stand the torture. He is not afraid of death. He is no 
coward — Black Hawk is an Indian. He has done nothing of which an Indian need 
be ashamed. He has fought the battles of his country against the white man, who 
came year after year to cheat his people and take away their lands. You know the 
cause of our making war. It is kno\\'n to all white men. They ought to be ashamed of 
it. The white men despise the Indians, and drive them from their homes. But the 
Indians are not deceitful. Indians do not steal. Black Hawk is satisfied. He will go 
to the world of spirits contented. He has done his duty. His Father will meet and 
reward him. The white men do not scalp the heads, but they do worse — they poison 
the heart. It is not pure with them. His countrymen will not be scalped, but they wiU 
in a few years become like the white man, so that you cannot hurt them; and there 
must be, as in the white settlements, as many officers as men, to take care of them 
and keep them in order. Farewell to my nation! Farewell to Black Hawk! ^ 

The pages of his autobiography are liberally sprinkled with professions of 
courage — professions, indeed, that he was entitled to make and that were 
not out of character for a war captain among a people who expected brave 
men to announce their bravery in public. 

The legalistic features of Black Hawk's program have already been 
outlined. Like most legal arguments, they provided a defense in depth. 
The first point was that the "cession" of 1804 was not a cession at all be- 
cause the representatives of the Sauk and Fox had not been authorized to 
cede land but only to negotiate a settlement of the murders. ^^ The second 
was that even if a cession had been made, it had been made for a smaller 
tract of land than the entire area claimed by the United States, and that 
specifically it did not include any lands north of the Rock River. Accord- 
ing to this argument, the whites at the treaty council had not told the 
illiterate Indians what the document really said.^^ The third was that even 
if all the lands claimed by the United States had been ceded, and various 
tracts including the Rock River settlement area had been sold to individual 
citizens, the Sauk and Pox retained the right, by the Treaty of 1804, to 

97 Speech of Black Hawk on his surrender causes of the Black Hawk War, Oct. 1, 1832, 
to Joseph M. Street, Aug. 27, 1832, printed in WHi: Draper MSS, 9T. 

in A. R. Fulton, The Red Men of Iowa . . . 

(Des Moines, 1882), 210-11. Agent Street's 99 This argument had been produced on many 

official report of the proceedings at the sur- occasions. It probably prompted the refusal, 

render ceremony (in DNA: AGO) does not for many years, of the Sauk and Fox to 

include this speech. sign annuity receipts lest they be told they 

had sold more land. It was brought up by 
Quashquame at the Rock Island negotiations 

98 This argument is stressed in Black Hawk's in 1831 and was used by Black Hawk in his 
autobiography and in Forsyth's report on the autobiography. 



44 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 

settle and hunt on such public lands as had not been purchased. This argu- 
ment was provided Black Hawk, by white men who could read the Treaty 
of 1804, in 1829 and ISSO.^o'^ 

On the basis of these arguments, then, Black Hawk was prepared to 
undertake several alternative policies, depending on the tactics employed 
by the whites. He could simply remain, with his band, at Rock River, and 
try to defend the position by defiance and by force if necessary ; he " could 
honorably give up, by being paid for it [the Rock River village] " ;ioi and 
he could move elsewhere onto the public lands in the cession. The first al- 
ternative, of brazening it out at Rock River, with or without force, was the 
tactic employed, against the advice of all white and Indian advisers, until 

1831, when it became evident that the whites were ready to use overpower- 
ing military force. The second tactic — to withdraw after receiving a face- 
saving present of money and goods — was blocked after suggestions by 
Keokuk, by agents Forsyth and St. Vrain, and by Davenport the trader, 
that the matter be settled by negotiation and the modest payment of (in 
one proposal) $6,000, were rejected both by Clark in St. Louis and by 
officials in Washington. ^"^^ The third tactic — to move elsewhere on the 
public lands — was the only one remaining, short of a surrender which 
would have been abject and humiliating to Black Hawk in the spring of 

1832. And this tactic was made particularly feasible by the Winnebago 
Prophet's invitation to the Black Hawk band to join his people on the 
public lands on Rock River, about forty miles above the mouth (where the 
Prophet had been invited to live by the Sauk in the first place ^^^) . 

The Prophet, however, did more than facilitate a move which Black 
Hawk would very likely have made, in one form or another, anyway. The 
Prophet provided much of the fantasy which gave to bitter feeling and 
stale argument the leaven of hope. The Prophet was a much younger man 
than Black Hawk, probably being in his late thirties at the time of the 
war, and although he was accused by whites at that time of being cruel, 
vindictive, and militant, desirous only of making trouble, he seems actually 
to have been originally, like Black Hawk, a very conscientious person, 
anxious to lead a morally sound life and to follow a policy friendly to 
whites, but stubbornly insistent on maintaining what he regarded as his 
rights. Like Black Hawk, too, he was rejected and disapproved of by the 
chiefs of his tribe, and he and his small band of two hundred or so mixed 

100 Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 92, 94-95; 1S31, Greene and Alvord, eds.. 111. Hist. Colls., 
Forsyth's report of Oct. 1, 1832, in WHi : IV: 178; John ConnoUv, "Memorandum on 
Draper MSS, 9T. Sauk Trouble." 

101 Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 99. 103 Forsvth to Clark, Dec. 2, 1827, DNA: 

BIA, L Reed. 
102 /bid., 99100; St. Vrain to Clark, May 15, 



Anthomj F. C. Wallace 45 

Sauk and Winnebago therefore lived at a point intermediate between the 
settlements of the two tribes. Little is known of his teachings, except 
that he seems to have preached a return to moral purity among the 
Indians, and to have had various apocalyptic visions, including (dis- 
astrously for Black Hawk) heavenly assurances that if the Americans 
attempted to dispossess the Black Hawk-Prophet band from the Rock 
River, Indian tribes from the region — Winnebago, Potawatomi, Ottawa, 
Chippewa, Osage, Creek, and others as far away as Texas — would rise 
to their defense. They never did. He also, equally falsely, prophesied that 
the British in Canada would come to their assistance, sending vessels by 
way of Milwaukee with guns, ammunition, provisions, and clothing, to 
support the beleaguered band if it was attacked! (The British actually 
advised Black Hawk not to go fight.^^^) But, said the Prophet, since the 
band w^as simply exercising its legal rights (as defined by the three argu- 
ments) in a peaceable way, the Americans would not dare to use force, 
being bound by a treaty (the Treaty of Ghent of 1815, which ended the 
War of 1812) to respect the rights of Indians! Driven by fear and 
previously inspired only by argument. Black Hawk took the Prophet's 
dreams, for a time, literally as gospel.^*^^ 

Napope was the only member of the Sauk chiefs' council to join Black 
Hawk in 1832, and he was recognized as the principal chief of the Black 
Hawk band. Napope was probably a devotee of the Prophet. Forsyth de- 
scribed him thus in 1830: 

Na-bobe i.e. Broth is a smart active yoiingman of about 28 or 30 years old, he has been 
often to war, and is admitted by his Nation to be descended from some of their 
ancient and great Chiefs, and that he is a warriour of note. This Chief has told me 
he never tastes Avhisky or smoked Tobacco, he is passionate for an Indian, very 
talkative and fond of war, yet to take him all and all he is not a bad Indian, altho 
some of the old Chiefs do not like him on account of his blustering way he has. 
When any thing concerns the Nation he is to be seen sitting in council, but with 
defference to the old Chiefs will not give an opinion, but coincide in opinion with 
some favourite chiefs.i"^ 

When he was examined as a prisoner in August, 1832, he observed 
piously : 

For myself I have no vices — I do not smoke or drink and I cannot think what could 
have led me into such bad roads as I have been travelling as I now find.i"'^ 

1<W Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 95. L Reed., St. Louis; St. Vrain to Clark, April 

6, 1832, DNA: BIA, L Kecd., Rock Island; 

105 For sketches of the Prophet, see Black talk of Black Hawk and the Prophet to 

Hawk, Life (1834 ed.) ; F. W. Hodge, ed., Henry Atkinson, Dec. 28, 1832, DNA: BIA, 

Handbook of Avicrican Indians, North of Mex- L Reed., Sac and Fox. 
ico (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 

30, Washington, 1907-1910), s.v. "Wabokie- 106 Forsyth to McKenney, Aug. 5, 1830, WHi: 

shiek" ; and Forsyth to Clark, May 24, 1828, Draper MSS, 6T. 
DNA: BIA, L Reed., Illinois; Forsyth to Clark, 

June 10, 182S, WHi: Draper MSS, 6T85; 107 Minutes of an examination of Indian 

Forsyth to Clark, July 1, 1828, DNA: BIA, prisoners, Aug. 20, 1832, DNA: SWF. 



46 INTRODUCTION: Prclude to Disaster 

Napope in 1830, however, was one of the most ardent advocates of a half- 
formed plan to murder Forsyth and others responsible for attempting to 
remove the Rock River Indians, including the interpreter at Rock Island, 
the trader Davenport, Clark in St. Louis, the commanding officer of Fort 
Armstrong on Rock Island, and Keokuk ! ^^^ According to Black Hawk, 
this young fanatic was a source of much of the difficulty. He acted as a 
speaker and diplomat, and maintained communication between Black 
Hawk and the Prophet. In 1831, when General Gaines was on his way 
to evict the band, Napope went to the British in Canada and came back 
with the fantastic story that a British officer had assured him that in 
event of war "they would stand by and assist us!" Napope on his way 
back from Maiden visited the Prophet, and reported the Prophet 's dreams 
of a successful defiance of the United States.^"^ Napope also carried the 
Prophet's invitation to the Black Hawk band to join him on the Rock 
River. It may be speculated also that Napope was in part responsible for 
the mysterious embassy to the Arkansas, the Red River, and Texas in 
1830 and 1831, on which three chiefs of the Sauk and Fox were sent with 
several braves. Two of these chiefs — loway and Namoett — died on the 
trip; the spokesman, Kinnekonnesaut (later killed in the war), claimed 
that his mission was "to make peace with all the Indian Nations of that 
Country. ' ' ^^" Opinions of the purpose of the mission have varied among 
whites: by some, it has been taken to be a preparation for the migration 
of Black Hawk's band; by others, a mobilization of Indian allies against 
the Sioux ; by still others, an effort to organize a general Indian uprising. 
Black Hawk in his autobiography stated that he Avas "not at liberty" to 
discuss this embassy.^^^ Whatever the purpose of the embassy, it failed to 
secure the Black Hawk band any support. In the end, Napope, the "head 
chief" and one who "affects to be a prophet," ^^^ turned out to be not 
only unreliable but guided largely by self-interest : he deserted his wives 
and children and comrades when they were first threatened by an over- 
whelming United States force.^^^ If the band can be said to have had an 
' ' evil genius, ' ' it was Napope. 

These three men — Black Hawk, the Prophet, and Napope — were the 
real leaders of the band. There was, however, a formal political structure, 
at least in 1832, which made of the band an entity separate from Sauk, 

108 Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 93. DNA: AGO; Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 

96. 
109 /bid., 108-9. 

112 John Connolly, "Memorandum on Sauk 
110 St. Vrain to Gaines, June 15, 1831, DNA: Trouble." 

AGO. 

113 Examination of prisoners, Aug. 19 and 20, 
111 /bid.; Gaines to Jones, June 14, 1831, 1832, DNA: SWF. 



Anthony F. C. Wallace 47 

Fox, or Winnebago. Nine chiefs were recognized : the Winnebago Prophet, 
Napope, Pamisseu, Weesheet, Chakeepashipaho, Checokalako, loway (a 
younger loway than the one who died on the southern embassy), Pamaho, 
and Towaunonne. Napope had been a chief in the Sauk chiefs' council. 
Five war captains were recognized: Black Hawk, "the leader of all," 
Menacou, Makatauauquat, Pashetowat, and Kinnekonnesaut."^ Half of 
these men were killed. 

The period between the crossing of the Mississippi River on April 5, 
and the skirmish at Stillman's Eun on May 14, saw the last hopes of a 
reasonable settlement founder in a sea of suspicions, misunderstandings, 
and incompetences. The skirmish at Stillman's Run precipitated a catas- 
trophic withdrawal which ended in the death of about three quarters of 
the band and the ignominious surrender of the survivors, including its 
three leading men. Black Hawk, the Prophet, and Napope. The April 
5-May 14 period may be divided into three stages : 

(1) April 5 to about April 26, during which the band proceeded up to 
the Prophet's village and beyond, in the belief that they could prob- 
ably maintain their residence east of the Mississippi without blood- 
shed but, if attacked, could withstand the American forces ; 

(2) about April 27 to May 13, during which time the leaders came to 
realize that their dreams of support from other tribes and the British 
were groundless and that they would have to return to the west side 
of the Mississippi in order to avoid annihilation ; 

(3) May 14, when the Illinois militia under Major Isaiah Stillman at- 
tacked the band while it was attempting to negotiate safe passage 
down the Rock River, forcing them thereafter to flee northward toward 
the Wisconsin in their roundabout, and ill-fated, effort to escape to 
the west of the Mississippi River by a northern route. 

The first period began with the crossing of the river on April 5. The 
band proceeded up the east bank of the Mississippi, the women and chil- 
dren and heavy baggage in canoes ; the men, carrying their arms, on horse- 
back. They turned up the Rock River on the thirteenth, and about the 
twentieth of April they had reached the Prophet's village, some forty 
miles up the Rock River, where they prepared to plant corn and settle 
down. During their move, no hostile action was taken: there were no 
murders, no stealing, no destruction of property. They were being re- 
peatedly urged by the Sauk and Fox chiefs to turn back before it was too 

114 Minutes of an examination of Indian 
prisoners, Aug. 27, 1832, DNA: AGO. 



48 INTRODUCTION : Prelude to Disaster 

late; and the Sauk and Fox chiefs, anxious not to be accused of helping 
or encouraging Black Hawk, gave what information they had about the 
band to the Americans. To this advice from their fellow-Indians the Black 
Hawk band responded with scorn, accusing the peaceable party of Keokuk 
of being cowards. Keokuk's efforts to draw away his relatives and the 
women and children were met with threats of violence against interfering 
Indians."^ Not until about the twenty-fifth of April did any United States 
official directly instruct Black Hawk and his band to turn back. On that 
date Black Hawk received from General Atkinson, by way of two Sauk 
Indian couriers, a formal demand that he recross the Mississippi. 

I am sorry to learn that you have taken your Band across the Mississippi and 
carried them up on Rock river contrary to the treaty you made last year with 
General Gaines & Governor Eeynolds. Your great father will be angry with you for 
doing so. I advise you to come back and recross the Mississippi without delay. It is 
not too late to do what is right — and what is right do at once. If you do not come 
back and go on the other side of the great river I shall write to your great father 
& tell him of your bad conduct. You will be sorry if you do not come back. 

Some foolish people have told you that the Brittish will assist you — do not believe 
it — you will find when it is too late that it is not true. 

If your hearts are good I will send an officer to talk with you in three or four days. 

Send an answer to my words by Peatchony & Wacomme.ii^ 

Napope, Black Hawk, and Kinnekonnesaut replied uniformly that they 
were peaceable but would not return: 

Napope, now the principal chief, said: We have no bad feelings, why do they send 
to us to tell us to go back — we will not look back, we will go on. I had no bad in- 
tention when I came up Eock river. I was invited by the Winnebagoes at Peketolica 
to go and live with them. 

Black Hawk said: Why do the whites enquire of me the reason of my coming 
here. I do not command the Indians. The Village belongs to the Chiefs. Why do they 
want to know my feelings. I have no bad feelings. My opinion goes with my Chiefs. 
I will follow them up Rock river, and my braves are all of the same mind. 

The same words that Black Hawk gave were repeated by all the braves through 
Kene-ko-esat, a Brave.i" 

The couriers observed some developing differences of opinion among the 
band at this time, however ; ' ' there was a lodge of women that wanted to 
come back," on the one hand, and a group (overruled by the leaders) 
who wished to hold two white visitors hostage.^^^ By this time, further- 
more, the band was running low on provisions, and plans had changed : no 

115 Minutes of a council at Fort Armstrong, lie Atkinson to Black Hawk, April 24, 1832, 

April 13, 1832, IHi: BHW Coll.; extracts IHi: BHW Coll. 

from the journal of Felix St. Vrain, April 

15-Mav 9, 1832, Iowa State Historical Society, HT Black Hawk and his band to Atkinson, 

Iowa "city; St. Vrain to Clark, April 18, April 26, 1832, IHi: BHW Coll. 

1832, DNA: BIA, L Reed., Rock Island; 

minutes of council at Fort Armstrong, April us Ibui. 

19, 1832, IHi: BHW Coll. 



A7ithony F. C. Wallace 49 

longer were the Indians planning to stay at Prophet 's village ; they would 
instead accept another, earlier invitation from a few of the Winnebago 
tribe (not merely the Prophet) to live with the Winnebago still farther 
up the river, at Pecatonica. This invitation had been renewed by the 
Winnebago who arrived at the Prophet's village with their agent Henry 
Gratiot. After the principal men in the Winnebago party left the village 
to go on down the Rock River, the other chiefs reneged on the invitation, 
informing Black Hawk that "they had no objection to our making com 
this year, with our friend the prophet ; but did not wish us to go any 
further up. ' ' ^^^ 

Meanwhile, military preparations were well underway to bring both 
the United States Army and the Illinois Militia into the field to force 
Black Hawk to recross the river and to destroy the band if resistance was 
offered. The United States garrison at Rock Island was reinforced ; infor- 
mation of the emergency was sent to the army's commanding general, 
Alexander Macomb, to Governor RejTiolds, and to the Secretaiy of War. 
RejTiolds called up fifteen hundred mounted militia. Atkinson, however, 
preferred not to strike at once, because the band had not committed any 
acts of violence and because his force was "too small to oppose to them 
with a prospect of success without great risk. . . . " 120 

Although Black Hawk did not know the details of the military prepara- 
tions against him, he was doubtless aware that such preparations were 
underway. Furthermore, food was running low. In the week following the 
receipt of the message from Atkinson, he gained further information, 
which made it plain that the enterprise was bound to fail. He recorded his 
own disillusionment: 

Having ascertained that the White Beaver [Atkinson] would not permit us to 
remain here, I began to consider what was best to be done, and concluded to keep 
up the river and see the Pottowatomies, and have a talk with them. Several Winne- 
bago chiefs were present, whom I advised of my intentions, as they did not seem 
disposed to render us any assistance. I asked them if they had not sent us wampum 
during the winter, and requested us to come and join their people and enjoy all the 
rights and privileges of their country? They did not deny this; and said if the white 
people did not interfere, they had no objection to our making corn this year with 
our friend the prophet; but did not wish us to go any further up. 

The next day, I started with my party to Kish-wa-co-kee. That night I encamped 
a short distance above the prophet's village. After all was quiet in my camp, I sent 
for my chiefs, and told them that we had been deceived! That all the fair promises 
that had been held out to us, through Ne-a-pope, were false ! But it would not do to let 
our party know it. We must keep it secret among ourselves — and move on to 

119 /&id.; journal of Felix St. Vrain; Gratiot Winnebago, Sept. 11, 1832, DNA: S\VF. 
to Atkinson (2 letters), April 27, 1832, IHi: 

BHW Coll.; Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.) ; 120 Atkinson to Macomb, April 13, 1832, 

minutes of a council with the Rock River Atkinson Letter Book, IHi: BHW Coll. 



50 INTRODUCTION : Preludc to Disaster 



Kish-wa-co-kee, as if all was right, and say something on the way to encourage our 
people. I will then call on the Pottowatomies, and hear what they say, and see what 
they will do. 

We started the next morning, after telling our people that news had just come from 
Mil-wa-kee that a chief of our British father would be there in a few days! 

Finding that all our plans were defeated, I told the prophet that he must go 
with me, and we would see what could be done -ndth the Pottowatomies. On our arrival 
at Kish-wa-co-kee, an express was sent to the Pottowatomie villages. The next day 
a deputation arrived. I inquired if they had corn in their villages? They said they 
had a very little, and could not spare any! I asked them different questions, and 
received unsatisfactory answers. This talk was in the presence of all my people. I 
afterwards spoke to them privately, and requested them to come to my lodge after 
my people had got to sleep. They came, and took seats. I asked them if they had 
received any news from the lake from the British? They said no. I inquired if they 
had heard that a chief of our British father was coming to Mil-wa-kee, to bring us 
guns, ammimition, goods and provisions? They said, no! I then told them what news 
had been brought to me, and requested them to return to their village, and tell the 
chiefs that I wished to see them and have a talk with them. 

After this deputation started, I concluded to tell my people, that if the White 
Beaver came after us, we would go back — as it was useless to think of stopping or 
going on without provisions. I discovered that the Winnebagoes and Pottowatomies 
were not disposed to render us any assistance.121 

Thus, between April 26 and May 14, Black Hawk and the other leaders 
learned that the rosy visions of support and approbation of their stand, 
which had been retailed by the Prophet and Napope, were vain imaginings. 
In fact, they were an isolated ' ' village, ' ' abandoned by their fellow-tribes- 
men, without food or supplies. And against them might at any moment 
be launched an overwhelming assault by thousands of angry frontiersmen 
and soldiers, well armed and supported by artillery. If Black Hawk's 
band had been only a party of warriors, they might have concluded to 
fight ; but they were encumbered by their women and children. The only 
thing to do was to go back. 

And so, during the first and second weeks in May, Black Hawk made 
plans to return doAvn the Rock River. On May 4, Poynehanesa, a deserter 
from the band, came through Rock Island. He reported that 

. . . the Sac Indians of Eock Kiver were returning to the west side of the Mississippi, 
that they had been disappointed about the assistance expected from the Winnebagoes, 
and others, that he had left them all at Proffets Village three days ago.^22 

And on May 12, Thomas Owen, the Indian agent at Chicago, learned from 
a deputation of Potawatomi that 

. . . the Sacs are on Eock Eiver about 30 miles above Ogee's ferry, in a state of 
Starvation and are anxious to recross the Mississippi but dare not descend Eock Elver 
for fear of being intercepted by the Militia & indiscriminately slaughtered without 
affording them an opportunity of explaining the cause of their recent movements. 

121 Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.), 11618. 122 Journal of Felix St. Vrain, May 4, 1832. 



Anthony F. G. Wallace 51 



They aver most positively to the Potowatimies that they have no design of committing 
any wrong whatever towards the people of their great Father.123 

The denouement came on May 14. That evening a straggling detach- 
ment of about 275 Illinois militia under Major Isaiah Stillman made their 
disorderly camp about eight miles below Black Hawk's. Black Hawk 
immediately sent three young men, unarmed, under a white flag "to 
meet them, and conduct them to our camp, that we might hold a council 
with them, and descend Rock river again." But the embassy miscarried: 
the militia command had no semblance of authority, and many of the men 
were drunk ; they seized the ambassadors as hostages, then took fright 
at the sight of Indian observers on the hill, murdered one of the now- 
captive ambassadors, and chased the observers almost to their camp in 
an undisciplined stampede over the prairies. When the men under Black 
Hawk in the Indian camp returned fire from cover, the militia fled, 
leaving their dead on the field. They were pursued some distance beyond 
their camp by the angry Indians. The Indians engaged in the battle were 
a few dozen : most of the men were out hunting at the time.^^* 

Epilogue 

The Black Hawk War might have been avoided at any time up to and 
including the evening of May the fourteenth, 1832. If it had not been 
for the incompetence of Stillman 's militia, it could have ended then, 
either by negotiation, or by the capture of Black Hawk. The consequence 
of that inglorious skirmish was a campaign which ended in the almost 
complete annihilation of Black Hawk's band, the demoralization of the 
Sauk and Fox nation, and untold hardship and inconvenience to thou- 
sands of white persons — to say nothing of the impetus camp life gave 
to the spread of the cholera epidemic. 

Reviewing the circumstances from which these unhappy events 
flowed, the anthropologist and the historian may perhaps draw one con- 
clusion: that the prime emotional factors in the entire situation were 
the white man's attitude of contempt for persons of an alien color and 
culture, and the Indian's bitter resentment of and gradual demoraliza- 
tion under that contempt. In a world where such small and foolish wars 
as the Black Hawk campaign can be the sparks which ignite an entire 
planet, and all peoples do in fact live in close contact with others of 
alien color and culture, intelligent men must realize that contempt is 
one of the most suicidally destructive emotions which the human mind 
can entertain. 

123 Owen to Reynolds, May 12, 1832, IHi: militia officer's report on Stillman's defeat, 
BHW Coll. May 18, 1832, from the lUinois Advocate 

[Edwardsville], May 29, 1832, in IHi. 

124 Black Hawk, Life (1834 ed.). 118-20; 



Part Oyie 



BLACK HAWK 

CAMPAIGN 

OF 1831 

Muster Rolls 



staff Officers 



Roll of the Staff of the Commander-in-chief, and of the Brigadier General command- 
ing the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers, employed in the service of the United States, 
by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief of the State of Illinois, from the 
13th day of June 1831, to the 2d day of July 1831, the day of disbandment at Rock 
Island, 111. 200 miles distant from the place of Rendezvous. 



Names 



Rank 



Date of 
Commission 



Remarks &c 



John Reynolds 
E. C. Berry 
William G Brown 



James M. Strode 
William [Milton] K. 

Alexander 
John Demint 



Comdr-in-chief 
Adjutant General 
paymaster Genl. 



Qr master Genl 21st June 1831 



Aid-de-camp 



Deer 1830 Governor, & comd-in-chief 111 mila. 

Deer. 1828 Adjt & Inspector Genl. II. mila 

12th June 1831 /Private in W. Moors Compy from 
< 2d June 1831 

IComd. during the Indian disturbance 
Comd during the Indian disturbance 

Dec 1830 comd. by the Governor Dec. 1830. 

16th June 1831 Comd during the Indian disturbance 



Brigadier General & Staff 



Joseph Duncan Brig. General 



John J. Hardin 
Richard Taylor 
John Scott. 

William Thomas 
John W Skidmore 



James [Isaac?] 
Plasters' 



Brigade Inspector 
Aid-de-Camp 
Brigade paymaster 

Brig Qr master 
asst. Qr master 



asst. Qr master 



Charles Gregory asst Qr master 



13th June 1831 

13th June 1831 
13th June 1831 
19. June 1831 

12 June 1831 
12 June 1831 



19. June 1831 



19. June 1831 



Major Genl. ordered_to command as 

Brigadier 
Comd. during the Indian disturbance 



Private in Lortons Compy 
from 31. May 1831. 

from S. Smiths Compy 2d 
Regt. 13 June 1831 En- 
rolled 

from S Smiths Compy 2 
Regt 13 June 1831 En- 
rolled 

Private in Lortons from 31 
May 1831. 



Commis- 
sioned 
during 
"the 
Indian 
disturb- 
ance 



I certify on honor that this roll exhibits the true number and state of the Staff of 
the Governor and Comdr.-in-chief; and of the Bridadier General, commanding the 



54 



staff Officers 



55 



Brigade of Mounted Volunteers, for the period therein mustered — and that the re- 
marks set oposite the name of each officer, are accurate and just 



Rock Island 
July 2d 1831 



By command 

E. C. Berry, 

adjt. & Inspector Genl. 111. Mila. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf 
Inspector & Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. The roll is in E. C. Berry's hand- 
writing; Bliss also signed. Columns 4 and 5, 
headed "Place of Rendezvous" and "Names 
Present," are omitted here. Beardsto^\^^ is 
given as the place of rendezvous, and all 



staff members are listed present. 



1 See the staff roll of the 2d Regiment, Dun- 
can's Brigade. 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff Officers of the 1st. Regiment of Mounted Volen- 
teers Militia commanded by Col. Daniel Leibe employed in the Service of the United 
States by order of the Govenor & commander in Chief of the State of Illinois from 
the 19th. day of June 1831 to the day of its dismemberment and discharge at Rock 
Island Ills on the Second day July 1831 



Nos. 



Rank 



Names 



Date of 
commission 



Place of 
Rendezvous 



Remarks 



1 Colonel 

2 Lt Col. 

3 Major 

1 Adjudant 

2 Quarter Master 

3 Surgeon 

4 Surts. [Surgeon's] 

Mate 

5 2 Surts Mate 

6 Pay Master 



Daniel Leibe 
Samuel Rogers 
Nathan Butler 
M. G. Willson 
William Gorden 
E. H. Merryman 



G. H Bragden 
W. Constant 

James Anthrobus 



June 19th. 1831 



Capt in McDows Company 
from the 4 June 1831 

1st Sergant in Wassons com- 
pany from 15 June 1831 

Private in IVIathus Company 
from 1st June 1831 

Private in Hart Fellows Com- 
pany 17 June 1831 

Private in IMcDows Company 
from 4t. June 1831 

Private in Capt A Smiths 
Company 4 June 1831 



Private in Capt Campbell 
company from 16 June 1831 

Private in Capt Wetherford 
Company 1 June 1831 



Nos Rank Names 

1 Sergt Major Anos S West 



Non Commissioned staff 

Enrollment 
When Where by whom 



Remarks 



June 19 Jacksonville Bristows Private in Capt Bristoe 
Company 13 June 

2 Q :M Sergt Sanuel Horney June 19 Rushville Fellow Private in Capt Fellows 

Company 17 June 

3 Dr[u]m Major Norman Clark June 19 Browns 

Morgan Leib Pr[i]vate in Capt Well 

Company 4 June 



56 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



57 



Nos Rank 
4 Fife Major 



Names 



When 



Enrollment 
Where 



Edmon McGovern June 19 Browns 

Morgan 



Rock Island 2 July 1831. 
J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf 
Inspector & Mustering Officer 



by whom 



Leib 



Remarks 



Private in Cap Well 
Company 4 June 



Daniel Leib Col Commanding 1st Regt 
of the Brigade M V Ills Militia 



DS, DNA. Endorsed (in part): "Vou. 501/2 
The payments made by Wright in settlent. 
of July 1833 founded on these rolls." All 
but one of the columns for the noncommis- 
sioned staff are in Leib's handwriting. The 
next to last column, omitted here, lists all 



commissioned and noncommissioned staff 
members present. Names spelled differently 
are those of the .sergeant major, Amos S. 
West ; the quartermaster sergeant, Samuel 
Harney; and the fife major, Edward Mc- 
Govern. 



58 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN GEORGE T. BRISTOW 

Muster Roll of Captain George T Bristow of the first Regiment of Mounted Vol- 
unteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Colonel Daniel Lieb Emploid in the 
Service of the United States by order of the Govornor and commander in chief of 
the State of Illinois from the 13th day of June 1831, to 2 July 1831 the day of its 
disbandment and discharge at Rock Island one hundred & seventy five Miles (distance) 
from the company Rendezvous 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 George T Bristow 


Captain 


Elected Captain 18th June 1831. 


2 A D Cox 


Is 


.. Liewt. 


" 1st Lewtenant " " " 


3 George Thompson 


2d Lewt 


" 2. " '* " " 


1 Joshua W Crow 


1st Sergt 


" 1 Sergant " " " 


2 Lewis Graves 


2 




« 9 « u u u 




<i 


3 Lee Mongomery 


3d 




" 3d. " " " " 


4 David Thornsbury 
1 Charles Pratt 


4 




" 4 " « « « 


1st Corpl 


" 1 Corpl. " « " 


2 Thomas Plasters 


2 




u 2. " " " " 


3 Anderson Freeman 


3 




" 3. " " " " 


4 John D. Pascall 


4 




" 4 " " " " 


1 James Cox 


Private 




2 George Shootman 




" 




3 WUliam Mutton 




" 




25 Robert Taylor 




" 




4 FarrellFezell 




" 




5 Eward W Turner 




" 




6 Joel J[ohn]son 




(( 




7 James Marshall 




" 




8 Samuel Roberton 




" 




24 John B Thompson 




" 


From S. T. Mathews Compy 18 June 


9 Benj. Mathews 




" 




10 Wm. Rewby 




" 




11 Amos S West 




" 


Appointed Sergent Major 19. June 1831. 


12 John Hautboy 




" 




13 Daniel Macky 




" 




14 Better Conover 




" 




15 Wm F Cox 




" 




18 John Ryal 




" 


Joined the Spie Compy June 19, 1831 


17 Charles Hines 




" 




16 Wilson Baird 




« 




19 David Larrime 




" 




20 Lemon Plasters 




« 




21 Areal Young 




" 




22 William P Morgan 




" 


Joined the Spie Compy June 19th. 1831 


23 WmH Pascall 




" 




26 James B Logston 




« 


From S T Mathews Compy 18 June 


27 James G Thomas 




" 




28 John R Smith 




« 




29 Younger Smith 




" 




30 Wm. Scott 




" 




31 Isaac R Bennett 




" 




32 Jesse Scott 




(( 




33 Henry Semans 




" 




34 John A Creed 




" 





First Regimeyit, Duncan's Brigade 59 



No. Names Rank Remarks 

35 Daniel Mathews " 

36 Jonas McDonald " 

37 Lou[i]s McBrayor " 

38 Wm King 

39 Samuel B. Crewdson " 

40 Robert Prouty " 

41 Fredrick McDonald " 

1 certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits a true state of Capt George T Bristoe's 
company of the 1 Regiment of Mounted Volunteers commanded by Brigadeer General 
Joseph Duncan for the Period herein mentioned and that the remarks opposite the 
name of each officer and solder is accurate & just. 

George .T. Bristow Capt commanding Company 

[NS] I certify that I have carefidly Examined this Muster Roll and that I have this 

2 day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the above named 
company of the 1 Regiment of mount[e]d Volunteers commanded by Brigadier General 
Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj. 3 Inf Inspecter & Mustering Officer. 

DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7 on the except Pvt. 11, Amos S. West (who was 

original roll note that the company was en- appointed sergeant major) and Pvts. 18 and 

rolled at Jacksonville by George T. Bristow 22, John Ryal [Royall] and William P. 

on June 13, 1831. One man, John B. Morgan, both of whom transferred to a spy 

Thompson, was enrolled June 1, as a mem- company, 
ber of S. T. Mathews' company. 

Spelling variations in the ninth column: 1st 

The eighth column, headed "Pay," is blank. Sgt. Josuah W. Cros and Pvts. 36, Jonas 

The ninth lists all company members present McDonold, and 37, Louis McBrayar. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN HART FELLOWS 

Muster Roll of Captain Hart Fellows Company of the first Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois, Commanded by Colonel Daniel Leibe employed 
in the Service of the United States, by order of the Governor and commander in chief 
of the State of Illinois, from the Seventeenth day of June 1831 to 2nd of July 1831 — the 
day of Its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island one hundred & forty Miles 
distant from the company Rendezvous. 



No 




Names 


Rank 


Remarks &c. 


7~ 


1 


Hart Fellows 


Captain 




" 


2 


WiUiam C Ralls 


1st Lieutenant 




« 


3 


Thomas McKee 


2d. Ditto 




" 


1 


Edward Woodbridge 


Sergent 




" 


2 


James Justus 


Ditto 




" 


3 


Robert N Curry 


" 




" 


4 


John B Watson 


" 




" 


1 


Martin Mallary 


Corporal 




u 


2 


John M Jones 


Ditto 




" 


3 


Green McHattan 


" 




« 


4 


James H Smith 


« 




« 


1 


Ruel Redfield 


Drummer 





60 



PART ONE 



Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &c. 



1 


Phillip Ausemus 


private 


2 


William Pearce 


Ditto 


3 


Simon O'Neal 


" 


4 


John Sellers 


" 


5 


Edward Swan 


" 


6 


Roswell J Root 


" 


7 


George Hunie [Hurrie?] 


" 


8 


Washington Pearce 


" 


9 


Chancy Hobart 


" 


" 10 


James Howard 


" 


" 11 


Moses Piggott 


" 


" 12 


Daniel B. Kendrick 


" 


" 13 


Lewis B Skiles 


" 


" 14 


Jeremiah B Walker 


" 


" 15 


Ebenezer Grist 


" 


" 16 


George Naught 


" 


" 17 


Bradford Worthington 


" 


" 18 


Hugh Hays 


" 


" 19 


Elijah Collins 


" 


« 20 


James Thompson 


" 


" 21 


Hardy B Hunt 


" 


" 22 


William McCreery 


" 


" 23 


David Jenkins 


" 


" 24 


Jeremiah White 


" 


« 25 


Isaac Briscoe 


" 


" 26 


John Kinner 


" 


" 27 


Charles Reno 


" 


" 28 


Thadeus Hitt 


a 


" 29 


Henry Wright 


" 


" 30 


Henry Conner 


" 


" 31 


James Hill 


u 


" 32 


A. S. Sallee 


" 


" 33 


Benjamin Skiles 


" 


" 34 


Thomas Price 


" 


" 35 


George W Justus 


" 


" 36 


Greenbury Dorsey 


" 


" 37 


Zadoc McNew 


" 


" 38 


Harvey Skiles 


" 


" 39 


Alexander Hawkins 


" 


« 40 


Isaac W Gibson 


" 


" 41 


Hezekiah Shelton 


" 


" 42 


Hugh Smith 


" 


" 43 


Elisha Olcott 


" 


" 44 


James A Chadsy 


« 


" 45 


Samuel P Dark 


" 


" 46 


Moses J Skiles 


" 


" 47 


Henry Ausemus 


" 


" 48 


Abraham Louderback 


" 


" 49 


Jesse Busan 


" 


" 50 


James W Clark 


" 


" 51 


John B Todd 


" 


" 52 


Norris Hobart 


" 



Detached in Quarter masters Service 



Detailed in the Qr. Masters service, 
but not called for 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



61 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &c. 



53 C. J. Johnson 

54 Sumner Farr 

55 Manlove Horney 

56 Samuel Horney 



57 


John S. Marsh 


58 


Flemon Burk 


59 


John Johnson 


60 


Jonathan D Manlove 


61 


Moses Power 


62 


Mathew Alexander 


63 


Umphry Smith 


64 


John Ausemus 


65 


John Six 


66 


John Roberts 


67 


Morris Swan 


68 


Simpson White 


69 


John Ritchey 


70 


WilUam Gibson 


71 


Moses G Wilson 


72 


Lemuel Horney 



Appointed [Quarter] Master sergent 
20th. June 1831. 



In the Qr. Masters service with 

Wagon & Horses 
In the Qr. Masters service with 

Wagon & oxen 
Appointed Adjutant in 1st. Regt. 

20th. June 1831. 



I certify on Honer that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Hart 
Fellows company of the first Regiment of the Brigade of mounted volunteers com- 
manded by Brigadier Genl. Joseph Duncan, for the period herein mentioned, that 
the remarks set opposite the name of each officer and Soldier, are accurate and just. 

Rock Island July 2nd. 1831. Hart Fellows Captain comd. Company 

[NS] I certify on Honor that I have carefully examined this musterRoll, and that I 
have this 2nd. day of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named comp[any] of the first Regiment of the Brigade of mounted volunteers 
commanded by Brig[adier] Genl. Jos. D[uncan.] 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspecter & mustering officer 



[NS] Hart Fellows being duly sworn deposeth & saith that Lemuel Horney whose 
name is placed at the foot of this Muster Roll, was a private in his company, and 
that his name was omitted through mistake, and not because he was not in service. 



Sworn to & subscribed this 12th. day of July 1832, before me. 



Hart FeUows 



Sam M Hutton, JP 



DS, DNA. Fellows' name was written on the 
roll in two different hands, and it is un- 
likely that either is his signature. Columns 4, 
5, 6, and 7 on the original roll note that 
the company was enrolled at Rushville by 
H. Fellows on June 17, 1831. Column 8, 
headed "Pay," is blank. In Column 9, all 



but the following three company members 
are listed as present: Henry Wright, Samuel 
Horney, and Moses G. Wilson. Spelling varia- 
tions in the ninth column: Pvts. 25, Isaac 
Briscox; 44, James A. Chadsey; and 63, 
Umphrey Smith. 



62 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN HENRY 

Muster Roll of Captain John Henrys Company of the first Regiment of moimted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Colonel D Leib Employed In the 
Service of the United States by Order of the Govner and Commander In Chief of 
the State of Illinois from the 1st day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the day of its dis- 
bandment and discharge at Rock Island 175 miles (distance) from the Company 
Rendevous 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Date of Where"- 



Remarks^ 



1 John Henrey Capt 

2 Abraham Vance 1st Lieut 

3 Samuel Mathews 2nd Lieut 



13 June 
1831 



1 James M Eads 

2 Robert Harrison 



1st Sergt 
2nd Sergt 



3 Madison Goodpaster 3the Sergt 

4 John Jouett 4th Sergt 

1 Westley Henderson 1st Corpl 

2 William Morton 2ond Corpl. 

3 Joseph Beasley 3thrd Corpl 

4 Goodman Betha 4the Corpl 



Jacksonville Elected 

June 
Elected 

June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 
Elected 

[June 



James Deaton 
William Conover 
John S Frog 
John Brock 
William Hunt 
Thomas Hampton 
John Westrope 
John C Gale 
John W Hart 
George Wyatt 
Lewes P Wilburn 
Samuel Baylis 
John Ross Segr [Sr.] 
Isreal Hufacer 
John Ross Junr 
James Beasley 
William J Williams 
William Killiam 
Bery Holland 
Johnathan Faris 
Alfred G Harney 
Fleming C Moppin 



Privats 



Captin 
18th 1831 
1st Lieut 
18 [1831] 
2nd Liut 
18, 1831] 
1st Sergt 
18, 1831] 
2st Sergt 
18, 1831] 
3nd Sergt 
18, 1831] 
4rd Sergt 
18, 1831] 
1st Corpl 
18, 1831] 
2st Corpl 
18, 1831] 
3rd Corpl 
18, 1831] 
4th Corpl 
18, 1831] 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



63 



No 



Names 



Enrollment 
Rank Date of Where^ 



Remarks^ 



23 Sampson Limey 

24 Edward Northcut 

25 John J Wyatt 

26 Daniel Campbell 

27 Michil L Stinson 

28 Elias H McFaddan 

29 Ireby Job 

30 David Tethrow 

31 Bery Jones 

32 Andrew M Calhoon 

33 John McFaddan 

34 Josiah Gorham 

35 George M Richards 



21st June 

1831 
June 21st 

1831 
June 21st 

1831 
June 21st 

1831 
" 21st 



June 18th 
1831 



Absent on Furlough 
Absent on Furlough 



I certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain John Henry 
Company of the first Regiment of the Brigade of Mounted Vohmteers Commanded 
by Brig'd Genl. Joseph Dimcan for the period herein mentioned — that the Remarks 
opposite the names of each officer and Soldier are accurate and just. 

John Henry Cap Com'dg Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2nd. day of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the first Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
Commanded by Brig'd Genl. Jos. Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Musting officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 5, 6, 8, and 9 are 
omitted from this transcript. Column 5. 
"Period of Enrollment," is blank; Column 6 
states that the company was enrolled by John 
Henry; Column 8, headed "Pay," is blank; 
and Column 9 lists the company members 
present at the muster-out. The only absentees 
were Privates Gorham and Richards, both 
on furlough. 

Names spelled differently in the ninth 
column : Capt. John Henry ; 1st Sgt. James M. 
Edds; Pvt. 11, Liwes P. Wilburn ; and 
Pvt. 27, Michil S. Stinson. 

1 Pvts. 26-33, all of whom joined the company 



June 21, were McDonough County men; see 
McDonough County (1878), 37. Elias Mc- 
Fadden and Michael L. Stinson, who are 
not listed on that page as Black Hawk War 
soldiers, are known to have lived in Mc- 
Donough County about this time; see ibid., 
19, 21, 23, 46-48, 69. Stinson was probably 
the M. L. Stinson who served in 1832 in 
Cyrus Mathews' company, 1st Regiment, 3d 
Brigade. Mathew.-^' company was also raised 
in Morgan County, but Stinson did not join 
the unit until some time after its official 
muster into U.S. service. 

- The bracketed words in this column are 
indicated by ditto marks on the original. 



64 



PART ONE : Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL J. KINKEAD 

Muster Roll of Captain Saml. J Kinkead Company of the 1st. Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois commanded by Col. Daniel Lieb imployed in the 
Service of the United States by order of the Governor and Commander in Chief of 
the Militia of the state of Illinois from the 15. day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the 
day of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 188 miles distance from the 
company Rendezvous 



No. Names 




Rank 


Remarks &c 


1 Saml. J Kinkead 


Capt. 


Elected Capt. June 15, 1831 


2 George Cantasey 


1 Leiut. 


do 


3 Edward Tankersly 


2 


do 


do 


1 Jonathan Piper 


1 


Serjnt. 


do 


2 John P Jossalin 


2 


do 




3 George Hardwick 


3 


do 




4 Isaac Greaton 


4 


do 




1 David Cole 


1 


Corporal 




2 Mason Reader 


2 


" 




3 Nicholas. C. Taylor 


3 


" 




4 Wm. Weatherman 


4 


" 




1 Charles Fisher 




Private 




2 Christopher Dougherty 




" 




3 Saml. Smith 




" 




4 William Davis 




« 




5 Thos. Nightours 




« 




6 Simpson Stewart 




" 


Transferred to Spies 


7 Ahab Williams 




" 




8 William Roberts 




" 


Transferred to Spies 


9 John Wood 




" 




10 John G. Allen 




" 




11 Benjn. Scott 




" 




12 Sylvester Moss 




" 




13 Asaph R. Kinkade 




" 




14 John Finley 




" 




15 Nathan Swiggatt 




a 




16 Lloyd Aday 




" 




17 Phielden Atcheson 




a 




18 James Wilkerson 




" 




19 JoelTriplett 




" 




20 James Roberts 




u 




21 Bartlett D. Haggart 




" 




22 Abraham Crabtree 




« 




23 Robt. Gates 




" 




24 William Harss [Harp?] 




" 




25 Levi Scott 




" 




26 James McCearver 




« 




27 Langdon W Ballenger 




« 




28 Isaac Clanton 




u 




29 Abes [ ? ] Reederi 




" 




30 David Campbell 




" 




31 Ransom Davis 




(( 





I certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits [the] true state of Captain Saml. J. 
Kinkead company of the first Regiment of the Brigade of mounted volunteers com- 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



65 



manded by Brigr. Genl. Jos Duncan for the period herein mentioned — that the 
remarks opposite the name of each officer & Soldier are accurate and just 

July 2nd 1831 Samuel J. Kinkead comd company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2 — day of July 1831 mustered & minutely inspected for discharge the above 
named company of a Brigade of mounted volunteers comi^ nded by Brigd Genl. 
Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B INIaj 3 Inf Inspector & musteri[n]g officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 4 through 9 are omitted 
here. Columns 4 through 7, dealing with 
enrollment, show that the company was en- 
rolled by Joseph Wasson at Cornelius Brown's 
(in Morgan County) on June 15, 1831. No 
period of enrollment is given. The eighth 
column, "Pay," is blank, and the ninth lists 
company members present ; Simpson Stewart 
and William Roberts, who transferred to 
spy companies, are the only absentees. Names 
with spelling variations in the ninth cohimn : 
Capt. Saml. J. Kinkiad ; 1st Lt. George Cant- 



sey; 2d Lt. Edward Tankersley; 3d Sgt. 
George Hard week ; and Pvts. 5, Tho's Neigh- 
tours; 10, James G. Allen; 13, Asoph R. 
Kinkade; 15, Nathan Swiggett ; 26, James 
McKearver; and 29, [first name illegible] 
J. (or I.) Reader. 

1 This man could have been the Abisha 
Reeder of present Scott County who is said 
to have been a Black Hawk War soldier. 
See Morgan and Scott Counties (1889), 562. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ROBERT H. McDOW 

Muster Roll of Captain Robert H McDow's company of the first Regiment of mounted 
Volunteers of the state of Illinois commanded by Colonel D. Leib Employd in the 
Service of the United states by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief of 
the Militia of lUinois from the 4th. day of June 1831 to 2d day of July 1831, the day 
of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 188 miles distance from the company 
Rendezvous. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Where 



Remarks 



1 Robert H McDow 



Capt Cornelius Browns' 



2 


James B Young 


1 Lieut. 


3 


Absolom Peak 


2 Lieut 


1 


Joseph Campbell 


1 Sergt. 


2 


Ivy Killebrew 


2 " 


3 


Phines Killebrew 


3 " 


4 


Samuel Funk 


4 " 


1 


William Leib 


1 Corpl. 


2 


William Killebrew 


2 " 


3 


Nathaniel Davis 


3 " 


4 


Moses Webb 


4 " 


1 


William C Berry 


Private 


2 


Thomas G Black 


" 


3 


Jacob Casinger 


" 


4 


David Christman 


" 


5 


Robert Campbell 


" 



Elected Capt. 18 June who 

succeeded D Leib when 

Elect Col. 1. Reg 
Elected 1 Lieut " 

[18 June] 
Elected 2 " [Lieut.] who 

succeedR H McDow 

when Electe Cap 



66 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Where 



Remarks 



William Campbell 
Edmund Cobb 
Philip Casinger 
Austin H Clayton 
John M. Crabtree 
Joseph Dew 
Hugh Davis 
Charles H Eathel 
James Leforce 
Charles Mossman 
James Mcfadgin 
William T. Mcormac 
Augest [ ? ] McNew2 
Seth Pratt 
Isaac Peak 
Isaac Riggs 
John Carlock 
thomas Six 
John Slagle 
Peter SchoU 
Robert M. Stockton 
Andrew Smothers 
Alfred Smith 
William Turner 
Manly thomas 
James Venable 
Alfred Wilson 
Benjamin Webb 
Alexander Wilkinson 
Alexander Whitley 
Hosea T Camp 
Washington Olney 
Orval Kellogg 
Kinza Clarkson 
Morris Roberts 
Reubin Riggs 
William Gates 
William Gordon 



Joined the Spies 19th June 
On Detached Service 



Appointed Quarter Master 
June 19, 1831. 



44 Young Hanson " " " 

45 James Rayfield " " " 

46 Jesse Riggs " " " 

47 Zachariah Peak " " " 

I certify on honor that this [Mu]ster Roll exhibits the true State of Captain Robert 
[McDow's] Company of the first Ridgement of the Brigate of Mounted Volenteers 
Commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein Mentioned and 
that the remarks opposite the Names of each Officer and Soldier are correct & Just 

Rock Island 2d July 1831 Robert H McDow Capt. Commanding Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have Carefully examined this Muster Roll and that 
I have this 2d July 1831 — Mustered and Minutely inspected for discharge the above 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



67 



Named Company of the first Ridgement of the Brigade of Mounted Volenteers, 
Commanded by Brigd. Genl. Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "Part of Voucher 42 
Sett. 16749." Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9 
are omitted here. Columns 4 and 6 give the 
date of enrollment as June 4, 1831, and the 
enrolling officer as Daniel Leib. Column 5, 
"Period of Enrollment," and Column 8, 
"Pay," are blank. Column 9, "Karnes Pres- 
ent," shows three absentees at the muster- 
out: Pvts. 36, Hosea T. Camp; 38, Orval 
[Or-ville] Kellogg; and 43, William Gordon. 
Three names are spelled diflferently in the 



ninth column: Pvts. 17, William I. McCor- 
mac; 18, Augers McNew; and 35, Alexander 
^Vllittley. 

1 Cornelius Brown's was in Morgan County. 

2 The first name is not clearly written ; it 
may have been intended for August, Angus, 
Angell, or, as the clerk who added the 
"Names Present" column copied it. Augers. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL T. MATHEWS 

Muster Roll of Captain S. T. Mathews Company of the 1 Regiment of mounted Vol- 
unteers of the state of Illinois, commanded by Colonel D. Leib employed in the 
service of the United States by order of the Governor and Commander-in-chief of 
the militia of Illinois from the 1 day of June 1831, to 2 July 1831 the day of its dis- 
bandment and discharge at Rock Island 175 IMiles distance from the company Ren- 
dezvous . 









Enrollment. 


lo. 


Names 


Rank. 


Date of. 


1 


Samuel T Mathews 


Captain 


1st June 1831 


2 


John Wyatt 


1 Lieut. 


Do 


3 


William Givins 


2 Do 


Do 


1 


Cyrus Mathews 


1 Sergeant 


Do 


2 


James Arnett 


2 Do 


Do 


3 


Henry Adams 


3 Do 


Do 


4 


Green Smith 


4 Do 


Do 


1 


Henry Devenport 


1 Corporal 


Do 


2 


Thomas Deeds 


2 Do 


Do 


3 


Larkin Scott 


3 Do 


Do 


4 


Thomas Smith 


4 Do 


Do 


1 


Wm Oneal 


Privates 


Do 


2 


John L. Cotton 


Do 


Do 


3 


Joseph Morrison 


Do 


Do 


4 


Alexander Gun 


Do 


Do 


5 


Robert Smith 


Do 


Do 


6 


Philip Ausimus 


Do 


Do 


7 


George Carter 


Do 


Do 


8 


Charles Blakeley 


Do 


Do 


9 


John Henshaw 


Do 


Do 


10 


William B Green 


Do 


Do 


11 


Joseph Holiday 


Do 


Do 


12 


Rice Ferguson 


Do 


Do 


13 


Thomas Shepherd 


Do 


Do 


14 


James L Bristoe 


Do 


Do 


15 


James White 


Do 


Do 



Remarks &c. 



Elected 3rd. Sergt. 16th June 
Elected 4ih. Sergt. 16th June 
Elected 1st Corporal 16th. 
June. 

Elected Corporal 16 June 

1831 
Elected Corpl. 16 June 1831 



68 



PART ONE : Black Hawk Cmnpaigv of 1831 









Enrollment. 




No. Names 


Rank. 


Date of. 


Remarks &c. 


16 Burrell Hunter 


Do 




Do 




17 Nathan Moore 


Do 




Do 




18 John Badger 


Do 




Do 




19 Malin Strode 


Do 




Do 




20 Nimrod Murphey 


Do 




Do 




21 John Worth 


Do 




Do 




22 Henry Moss 


Do 




Do 




23 Isaac Edwards 


Do 




Do 




24 Thos B. Arnett 


Do 




Do 




25 Milton B Huberts 


Do 




Do 




26 Leftridge B Lindsey 


Do 




Do 




27 Abner Evnyarth 


Do 




Do 




28 David Willson 


Do 




Do 




29 Conrad Wilson 


Do 




Do 




30 John Stafford 


Do 




Do 




31 John B. Thompson 


" 


" 


" 


Joined Br[istow's co.] June 
1831 


32 John Mathews 


" 


" 


" " 




33 Landy M. Lindsey 


" 


" 


16 June 




34 Daniel Stornier 


" 


" 


16 June 




35 Harvey Crane 


" 


" 


1 June " 




36 Willie B. Green 




" 


9th. June 


Joined Capt [VJances Co. 21 
June 


37 William Green 


" 


" 


" " 




38 Nathan Butler 


" 


" 


1 June 


Elected Major 1 Regm 19th 
June 


39 William Francher 


" 


" 


16 June 




40 Armstead Cox 


" 


" 


1 June 




41 William Lancaster 


" 


" 


" " 




42 Robrt. Hardin 


" 


" 


" " 




43 George Wright 


" 


" 


15 June 




44 Johnathan Bratton 


" 


" 


1st. June 




45 Wm. Taylor 


" 


" 


" " 




46 Stephen Griessford 


" 


" 


21 June 




47 James Colwell 


" 


" 


1st June 




48 Philip Deeds 


" 


" 


" 


Absent 15th June 1831. 


49 Anderson Foreman 


" 


" 


" " 




60 Hamilton Goodpaster 


" 


" 


" " 


Sick, so as [ ? ] to march 
15th June 


51 James V Logston 


" 


" 


" " 


Joined Br[istow's]Company, 
18th June 


[52] Tilly Hadderson 


" 


" 


u u 


Joined Wass[on's Company?] 



[53] A[mos ?] H[ ? ] 

[54] Houton Golden 

[55] Samuel Robinson 

[56] George T. Bristow 



16th June 
[Remark illegible] 



Elected [captain of a] new co 
18 June 



I certify on honor that this muster roll is a true [state] of Captain Samuel T. Mathews 
company of the 1 Regiment of Mounted Volunteers commanded by brigadier General 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



69 



Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned and that the Remarks opposite the 
names of each officer and soldier is accurate and just. 

Saml. T. INIathews Captain Commandant Company 

[NS] I certify upon honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll and that I 
have this 2 day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the 1 Reg[i]ment of Mounted Volunteers commanded by 
Brigadier General Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Ma] 3 Inf Inspecter & mustering officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 of the 
original roll are omitted. Columns 6 and 7 
show that the company was enrolled by 
Captain Mathews at Jacksonville. Column 
5, "Period of Enrollment," and Column 8, 
"Pay," are blank. The ninth column lists 
company members present at the muster-out; 
absentees are indicated by the "Remarks" 
above. Names spelled differently in the ninth 
column are those of Pvts. 1, \Vm. O'Neal; 
12, Rice Fourguson; 14, James L. Bristoo; 
and 19, Mal[oun?] Strode. 



The name of William Green, Pvt. 37, was 
lined out on the original roll, but the num- 
bering was left Tinchanged, There were a 
William B. Green, a Wiley (or Willie) 
Blount Green, and a William H. Green in 
Morgan County at this time. There may also 
have been a William Green, or Greene, with 
no middle initial: one William Green served 
in Wilbourn's 1832 Morgan County com- 
pany and a William Greene was in Wells's 
1831 Morgan County company. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN PETER C. VANCE 

Muster Roll of Capt. Peter C. Vance's company of the 1 Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the state of Illinois commanded by Colonel Daniel Leib Employed in 
the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief 
of the State of Illinois from the 17th. day of June 1831 to the 2 July 1831 the day of 
its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 140 miles distance from the company 
Rendezvous. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Date of 



Enrollment 
By whom 



Where 



1 Peter C. Varice 



John Phelps 
John Lane 
Benjamin Phelps 
Nathaniel Harris 
Samuel Hollingsworth 
Madison Delany 
Isham Carlin 
Garrett WyckofF 
Daniel Matheny 
John Brown 

Alexander Hollingsworth 
Aaron Harding 
William McKee jun. 
Samuel Bell 
Avanant Hollingsworth 
Andrew Spiva 
E. G. Adams 
Absolom Mears 



Capt 

1 Lieut 

2 " 

1 Sergt 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 

1 Corporal 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 
Privates 



17th June Capt P. C. Van[c]e 



Rushville 
111 



70 PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



Enrollment 
No. Names Rank Date of By whom Where 

9 W. H. Green " " " " 

10 Abraham Morgan u « « « 

11 James Baker " " " " 

12 Philip A House [Howes] 

13 Jasper Hembree « « « a 

14 James Stewart " " " " 

15 Jacob Ackerson « « a « 

16 Simon Ward « « « 

17 Samuel Moore « « 

18 Darius Prater « « « « 

19 Enoch Stewart « « « « 

20 Amos Weddell « « « 

21 William Trainer « a « « 

22 George Taylor « « « « 

23 JohnNott 

24 George M. Pettigrew « « « « 

25 Sanuel L. Dark " " " " 

26 WUliam Price « « « « 

27 Henry Hampton « « « « 

28 Apollos Ward " " " " 

29 Younger Smith « « « « 

30 Thomas Large " " " " 

31 Jonathan Reno Jun " " " " 

32 Lewis Morgan « « « « 

33 James M. Spiva 

34 John Green " " " " 

35 James Hoop « « « a 

36 Eli Roberts « « « 

37 Nathan White « « « « 

38 WUlieB Green " 9 June 1831 

1 certify on honor that this Muster Roll Exhibits a true statement of Captain P. C. 
Vances company of the first Regiment of the Brig[ade of Mounted V]olunteers com- 
manded by Brigadier General Joseph Duncan for the period herein Mentioned that 
the remarks set opposite the name of each officer and Soldier are accurate and just. 

Rock Island 2 July 1831 Peter C Vance Opt Comd Company 

[NS] I Certify that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that I have this 

2 day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the above named 
company of the first Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volunteers commanded by 
Brigadier General Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspecter and Mustering Officer. 

DS, DNA. Columns 5, 8, and 9 are omitted In the ninth column, headed "Remarks," 

here. The fifth column, "Period of Enroll- are two entries : one, for George Taylor, 

ment," is blank in the original. The eighth shows that he was on detached service at the 

column lists the company members present time of the muster-out, and the other, for 

at the mustcr-oiit. One man, Pvt. 22, Ueorge Pvt. 38, Willie B. Green, shows that he 

Taylor, was marked absent, and the name of transferred from S. T. Mathews' company 

Pvt. 19 is written "Enock Stewart." on June 21. 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



71 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOSEPH WASSON 

Muster Roll of Captain Joseph Wasson company of the 1 Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the state of Illinois commanded by Colonel D. Leib Employed in the 
service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief of the 
Militia of Illinois from the 15th day of June, to 2 July 1831 the day of its disbandme[nt] 
and discharge at Rock Island 188 Miles (distance) from the company Rendezvous. 



No 



Narnes 



Rank 



Enrollment 
where 



Remarks 



1 Joseph Wasson 

2 William Gillham 

3 Nathan Winters 

1 John Pickering 

2 Thomas Swales 

3 William A Langston 

4 Aquilla Clarkson 

1 James Clark 

2 Henry Brantler 

3 Adam Cline 

4 Peter E Payne 

1 James Dunsmore 

2 John Dunsmore 

3 Robert Mars 

4 Robert Dunsmore 

5 Robert G. Nail 

6 Joseph Buchanan 

7 Gilla M. Huddeston 

8 William Marshall 

9 George Coltas 

10 thomas Mud 

1 1 Isham J Houston 

12 Enoch Brannan 

13 William Christman 

14 William Clodfelter 

15 Washington Weeks 

16 thomas M Kirkpatrick 

17 James F. New 

18 William Deshager» 

19 Arthur Bell 

20 James Ogg 

21 William Taylor 

22 William York 

23 Ranson Herring 

24 James Piper 

25 James Foster 

26 Joshua Peak 

27 Emanuel Kemp 

28 Lewis B. Piper 

29 John Holiday 

30 John Roberts 

31 Josiah H. Smart 

32 Mark Rounds 



Captain 

1 Lieut 

2 " 

1 Sergeunt 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 

1 Corpor 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 
Private 



Cornelius Browns^ 



(See S. Rogers on roll 
of Field & staff.) 



From S T Mathews 
Compy 18 June. 



72 



PART ONE : Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
where 



Remarks 



Tho's T. Butler 
Edward Matthews 
Milton Jewitt 
Lefford French 
Moses Mathews 
Thomas Mathews 
William B. Cox 
John C Neil 
Martin Ralston 
Elisha Smith 
Thomas Murray 

James Bonds 
William Walton 
Samuel Rogers 



Joined the Spies June 
19th 1831 



Elected Major 1 Regt 
19 June 



47 Marshal Smith " " " 

48 John Cooper " " " 

49 James Bandes " " " 

I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain Joseph 
Wassons Com[pa]ny of the 1st Regiment of Illinois Mounted Volunteers Commanded 
by Brig Gen Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned and that the remarks 
opposite the names of each officer & soldier are accurate and just. 2 July 1831. 

Jo[se]ph Wasson Capt. Commanding Company. 

[NS] I Certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that I 
have this 2d day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named Company of the 1st Regt of Ills. Mounted volunteers Commanded by 
Brig Gen. Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspecter & musterig officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "This is Part of 
Voucher 53 Sett. 16749." Columns 4, 5, 6, 
8, and 9 are omitted here. Columns 4 and 
6 give the date of enrollment as June 15, 
1831, and the enrolling officer as Joseph 
Wasson. Columns 5 and 8, headed "Period 
of Enrollment" and "Pay," are blank. Column 
9 lists company members preient at the 
muster-out; absentees were Pvts. 43 and 46, 
Thomas Murray and Samuel Rogers. Spelling 
variations in the ninth column : 1st Sgt. John 
Peckering and Pvts. 5, Robert G. Hall; 7, 
Yella M. Huddeston ; 9, George Cottas ; 18, 
"William Dishazer. These variations appear 
to be the result of the clerk's misreading of 
the first "Names" column, which is in a 
different handwriting. 



1 Cornelius Brown's was in Morgan County. 

2 This name is probably a misspelling, which 
the "Names Present" column compounds by 
listing it as "Dishazer." Mustering-out rolls 
for this brigade and for Whiteside's Brigade 
in the 1832 campaign were copied from 
mustering-in rolls, sometimes by the captain, 
sometimes by the regimental adjutant, and 
sometimes by members of the company. Un- 
fortunately, no mustering-in rolls for 1831 
companies have been found, and one can 
only guess how the name appears on the 
master roll; it could have been "Dethrage." 



First Begiment, Duncan's Brigade 



73 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM WEATHERFORD 

Muster Roll of Captain William Weatherford Company of the first Regiment of 
mounted Volunteers of the State of Illinois commanded by Colonel D Leib employed 
in the Service of the United States by order of the Governor and Commander-in 
Chief of the State of Illinois from the 1st day of June 1831, to 2 July, 1831, the day 
of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 175 Miles distance from the Company 
Rendezvous. 









Enrollment. 


No 


Names 


Rank 


Date of 


Remarks 


1 


William Weatherford 


Capt 


June 1st 
1831 


Elected Captain at Bairdstown 
on the 17th June 1831. 


2 


Jessey Reeble 


1st Leutenant June 1st 


Elected 1st Lieutenant Do Do 








1831 




3 


Newton Cloud 


2nd Lent 


Do 


Elected 2nd Lieut Do Do 


1 


Alfred Deatherage 


1st Sergt 


Do 


Elected 1st Sergt Do Do 


2 


Walter Butler 


2nd Sergt 


Do 


Elected 2nd Sergt Do Do 


3 


Sherwood P. Record 


Sthird Sergt 


Do 


Elect 3 Sergt Do Do 


4 


David Hart 


4 Sergt 


Do 


Elected 4 Sergt Do Do 


1 


John R Sparks 


1st Corpl 


Do 


Elected 1st Corpl Do Do 


2 


Henry Gilmore 


2nd Corpl 


Do 


Elected 2nd Corpl Do Do 


3 


Levi Parmer 


3rd Corpl 


Do 


Elected 3thrd Corpl Do Do 


4 


Milton Deatherage 


4th Corpl 


Do 


Elected 4th Corpl Do Do 


1 


Allen Davidson 


Private 


Do 




2 


William Wright 


Do 


Do 




3 


Walter Butler 


Do 


Do 




4 


Archibald Harper 


Do 


Do 




5 


Jonas Weatherford 


Do 


Do 




6 


John A Chastain 


Do 


Do 




7 


Nathan Hart 


Do 


Do 




[S 


Thom]as Bowen 


Do 


Do 




9 


James Prior 


Do 


Do 




10 


Wilson Pitner 


Do 


Do 




11 


James H. Dickens 


Do 


Do 




12 


Thos C Rogers 


Do 


Do 




13 


James Evans 


Do 


Do 




14 


James Antrobus 


Do 


Do 


Appointed Paymaster 21 June 


15 


Levi Fanning 


Do 


Do 




16 


Acchilis Deathurage 


Do 


Do 




17 


William Spires 


Do 


Do 




IS 


William M Spencer 


Do 


Do 




19 


Davis Fanning 


Do 


Do 




20 


Jacob Bowyer 


Do 


Do 




21 


Reubin Buchanon 


Do 


Do 




22 


John Johnson 


Do 


Do 




23 


Fonrose Frost 


Do 


Do 




24 


Thomas Fry 


Do 


Do 




25 


Montgomery Pitner 


Do 


Do 




26 


Richard Mathews 


Do 


Do 




37 


William Rodgers 


Do 


Do 




38 


William Mathews 


Do 


Do 




27 


Aron Sample 


Do 


Do 




28 


William Goodpaster 


Do 


Do 




29 


Golder Fields 


Do 


Do 





74 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment. 
Date of 



Remarks 



30 Covington [?] Allen 

31 Claibon Foster 

32 William Allen 

33 James Moody 

34 James B Sturges 

35 Samuel Brown 

36 Jefferson Elam 



11th June 

1831 
15th June 

1831 
15th June 

1831 
1st. June entered the Service the 1st June 

1831 1831, took sick Abscent by 

leave of the Capt. 

I certify on Honer that this muster Roll Exhibits the true state of Captain WilUam 
Weatherford Company of the First Regiment of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brigadier Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, that 
the Remarks set opposite the name of Each officer and Soldier are accurate and Just. 

William Weatherford Capt comdg 
Company of Mounted Volunteers 



Rock Island 2nd. July 1831. 



[NS] I certify on Honor that I have carefully Examined this Muster R[oll] and that 
I have this 2nd. day of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge, 
the above named company of the first Regiment of a Brigade of mounted volunteers, 
commanded by Brigadier General Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspecter & mustering officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 5 through 8 of the origi- 
nal roll are omitted. Columns 6 and 7 show 
that the company was enrolled by S. T. 
Mathews at Jacksonville. Column 5, "Period 
of enrollment," is blank. In Column 8 com- 
pany members present at the muster-out are 



listed. Absentees were Pvts. 14 and 36, 
James Antrobus, or Anthrobus, and Jefferson 
Elam. Names spelled differently in this 
column: Pvts. 8, Thomas Bowen; 16, Ac- 
chilis Deatherage; and 23, Fawrose Frost. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ALEXANDER WELLS 



Muster Roll of captain Alexander Wells [']s company of the first Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the state of Illinois commanded by Colonel Daniel Leib employed in 
the service of the united States by order of the Governer and commander in chief 
of the Militia of Illinois from the 4th day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the day of its 
Disbandment and Discharge at Rock Island one hundred & 188 miles distance from 
the company Rendezvoiis. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &c. 



1 


Alexander Wells 


Capt 


2 


James Gilham 


1 Lieut 


3 


Alexander Beall 


2 Ditto 


1 


Ellis Hutchins 


1 Sergeant 


2 


Wiley Clarkson 


2 « 


3 


Ornsbe Hainey 


3 « 


4 


William Stanfield 


4 « 



Elected Captain June 16th. 1831 
Elected 1 Lieut June 16th. 1831 
Elected 2 Ditto June 14th 1831 



First Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



75 



No. Names 




Rank 


Remarks &c. 




1 Jesse Husted 


1 


corporal 


« 


u a 


2 Benjamin Murphy 


2 


" 


« u 


u a 


3 John Priest 


3 


« 


« « 


a u 


4 Robert Smily 


4 


« 


« a 


a u 


1 Norman Clark 


Drummer 


(See roU of Field & Staff) 




2 Edward McGovern 


Fifer 


« « « « « « 




3 Saml. P Lofton 


Trumpeter 






4 Abraham Wood 


Private 






5 Benjamin Allen 


" 


« 






6 Abraham Hunter 


" 


" 






7 David Hunter 


« 


« 






S Samuel W Weaver 


« 


« 






9 Clark Birdsell 


" 


« 






10 William Pointer 


« 


« 






11 Wm. P Lewis 


« 








12 Josephs Allen 


" 








13 Welcome Hodges 


" 








14 James Weatherman 


« 








15 Israel W McGlasson 


« 








16 James Scott 


« 








17 RiceHardwick 


« 








18 George Garman 


« 








19 William Mathews 


" 








20 William MiUer 


" 








21 James Stockton 


« 








22 Henry Hunter 


" 








23 Simon Herin 


" 








24 William Greene 


" 








25 John Jossalin Junr. 


" 








26 John R Bower 


" 








27 John Anthony 


" 








28 Archabald Northcut 


" 








29 Robert D Neil 


" 








30 Jonathan Russ 


« 




Joined the spies June 19 1831 




31 George Lowery 


" 




Ditto Ditto 





I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Alexander 
Wells company of the First Regiment of the Brigade of mounted Volenteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, that the 
remarks set opposite the name of each officer and soldier are accurate and Just, and 
that the recapitulation exhibits the true state of the company. 

Rock Island, 2nd. July 1831. Alexander Wells Capt comdg. company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2nd day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the 1st. Regiment of a brigade of mounted volunteers com- 
mand by Brig. Genl. Jos. Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering [officer] 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7 of the 
original roll, omitted here, show that the 
company was enrolled by D. Leib at Cornelius 
Brown's (in Morgan County) on June 4. No 
period of enrollment is given. Column 8, 
also omitted, lists company members present 
at the muster-out. There were four absentees: 



Fifer Edward McGovern, Drummer Norman 
Clark, and Pvts. 30 and 31, Jonathan Russ 
and George Lowery. Names spelled differently 
in the eighth column: 2d Corp. Benjamin 
Murphey and Pvts. 22, Henery Hunter, and 
29, Robert D. Niel. 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff officers of the 2nd Regiment of mounted Volunteer 
Mi[litia] Commanded by Col J. D. Henry imployed in the service of the united states 
by order of the Governor and Commander in chief of the state of Illinois from the 19th. 
day of June 183 1 to the day of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island Ills 
on the second day of July 1831 



No 



Rank 



Names 



Date of 
Commission 



Remarks &c 



1 Colonel 

2 Lt Col. 

3 Major 

1 Adjutant 

2 Qr Master 

3 Surgeon 

4 1st Ser Mt 

5 2nd Ser Mt 

6 Pay Master 



James. D. Henry 

Jacob Fry 
John. T. Stuart 
James Collins 
Edward Jones 
Garett Elkin 
James. R. Gray 
W. B. Whitaker 



19th. June 1831 

19th. June do 

19th. June " 

19th. June " 

19th. June " 

19th. June " 

19th. June " 

19th June " 



Thomas. M. Neale 19th. June " 



Non Commisioned Staff 



Enrollment 
Where 



formerly A private in A 

Smiths Co from 4 June 

183[1] 
Captain of J Lortons Conp 

from 31 May 18[31] 
private in A Smiths Comp 

from 4th. June 
private in A Smiths Co 

from 4th. June 
private in A Smiths Co 

from 4th. Jun[e] 
private in A Smiths Co 

from 4th. Jun[e] 
private in A Smiths Co 

from 4th. Ju[ne] 
private in Lorton Compy 

31 May 1[831] 
private in A Smiths from 

4[th. June] 



Remarks 



1 Sergt Major Price Trovillo Carrolton 

2 Qr M Sergt Bela C. Webster Springfield 



private in Lortons Co from 

[May 31] 
private in Campbells Co 

from 15 Ju[ne] 



76 



Second Begiment, Duncan's Brigade 



11 



Rock Island 2 July 1831. 
J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf 
Inspector & Mustering Officer 



James D. Henry 
Col Com the 2d [Reg.] of M V R 



DS, DNA. Four columns are omitted: one 
listing men pre.sent at the muster-out (all 
staff members wore present) ; a blank column 
headed "Place of Rendezvous" ; and two 
columns dealing with the enrollment of the 
noncommissioned staff. Trovillo was enrolled 
Juno 19 by Jacob Fry, and Webster was 
enrolled on the same day by James Campbell. 

Wagon masters, sometimes listed on staff 
rolls, are not included here. James D. Scott, 
Pvt. 48 in Fry's (later Lorton's) company, 
was appointed wagon master June 19, but is 
marked present with the company at the 
muster-out. Isaac Plasters and Thomas S. 
Gelder, Pvts. 47 and 48 in Samuel Smith's 
company, were not mustered out with their 



company but are marked absent, with the no- 
tation, "assistant to quartermaster." Neither, 
however, is listed on the regimental staff roll 
or the brigade staff roll. John W. Skidraore, 
Pvt. 46 in Smith's company and also an 
assistant to the quartermaster, is named as 
a member of the brigade staff on the official 
roll, which also lists a Jauus Plasters, for- 
merly of Samuel Smith's company, as an 
assistant quartermaster. Ko James Plasters 
is listed on Smith's roll, and although the 
absence of his name is not conclusive proof 
that he had not been enrolled in the com- 
pany, it is possible that the clerk making out 
the brigade staff roll wrote "James" when 
he should have written "Isaac." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM C. BARNETT 

Muster Roll of Captain William C. Barnetts company of the 2d. Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois commanded by Colonel James D. Henry employed 
in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief 
of the State of Illinois from the 4th day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the day of its 
disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 200 miles distance from the company 
Rendezvous. 







Enrolment 




No. Names 


Rank 


Where 


Remarks &C. 


1 William C. Barnett 


Captain 


Springfield Ills 




2 Hugh McGary 


1st. Lieut. 


" 




3 Bland N. Ballard 


2d " 


" 




1 Jesse G. Hurt 


1st. Sergt. 


" 




2 Deloss W. Brown 


2d 


" 




3 James P. McGee 


3d. " 




Joined the Spies 19th. 
June 1831 


4 Hiram Robbins 


4th. " 


" 




1 Samuel IMagee 


1st. Corporal 


" 


Joined the Spies 19. June 
1831 


2 Levi Davis 


2d 


" 




3 Job Clinkinbeard 


3 


" 


Absent by permission 


4 Abraham Primm 


4. 


" 




1 John Locker 


Private 


" 




2 Joseph Bates 


" 


" 




3 John H Robinson 


" 


" 


Furloughed 20 June 1831 


4 Jesse E. Massee 


" 


" 




5 Josiah Ralston 


" 


" 




6 Jesse Said 


" 


" 




7 George L. White 


" 


" 




8 Harrison McGary 


" 


" 




9 Benjamin Cherry 


" 


« 




10 John Judy 


" 


" 





78 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Where 



Remarks &C. 



William D. Grant 
Corban C. Judd 
Samuel Cole 
Jeremiah Reynolds 
John Scroggins 



16 Jacob Harp 

17 Redmond Whitworth 

18 Benjamin Bond 

19 Lemuel Scroggins 



George H Ballard 
William Barnett 
Pherney Reynolds 
William Burton 
James M. Reid 
Alexander Hook 

Jesse Williams 
George B Lucas 
Champney Pendleton 
Hiram Starr 
Sterling Willis 
George H Robinson 
William Davenport 
John F. C. Mashon 



Joined the Spies 19 June 
1831 



Joined the Spies 19 June 
1831 



Joined the Spies 19 June 
1831 



[The captain's certificate, dated Rock Island, July 2, 1831, is signed "William C. 
Barnett Capt." More than half of the certificate is illegible.] 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll and that I 
have this 2nd day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of a Brigade of mounted Volunteers commanded by Brig'd 
Genl. Jos. Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering officer 



D8, DNA. Endorsed: "Part of Vou. 47 Sett 
16749." Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9 are 
omitted here. Columns 5 and 8, headed 
"Period of Enrollment" and "Pay," are 
blank. Columns 4 and 6 show that the com- 
pany was enrolled by Captain Barnett on 



June 4, 1831, and Column 9 lists all com- 
pany members present at the muster-out. 
Absentees are indicated by the "Remarks." 
One name is spelled differently in the ninth 
column, that of Pvt. 22, Phirney Reynolds. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES CAMPBELL 



Muster Roll of Captain James Campbells Company of the second Regiment of 
Mounted Volunteers of the state of Illinois commanded by Colonel James D Henry 
Employed in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander- 
in-chief of the Militia of Illinois from the 15 day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 its dis- 
bandment at Rock-Island 200 miles (distance) from company Rendezvous 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



79 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 


James Campbell 


Capt 


2 


Levi W. Goodwin 


1 Lieut 


3 


John Reed 


2 " 


1 


Real M. Jones 


1 Serget 


2 


Leonard Hackett 


2 " 


3 


John T. Lane 


3 " 


4 


James K. Hurt 


4 " 


1 


Evan Morgan 


1 Corpol 


2 


John Kline 


2 " 


3 


John Faygon 


3 " 


4 


James Bass 


4 " 


1 


Joseph Lanum 


Private 


2 


Benj. Howard 


" 


3 


Harvey Russell 


" 


4 


Edward S. Taylor 


" 


5 


WnUam Constant 


" 


6 


Williamson Durley 


" 


7 


George Woods 


" 


8 


John Henry 


" 


9 


John R Herndon 


" 


10 


Thomas A Williamsor 


I " 


11 


Wilham Hord 


" 


12 


William Decker 


" 


13 


John H Henderson 


" 


14 


William Cantrall 


" 


15 


Thomas Shelton 


« 


16 


Joseph St John 


" 


17 


]\Ioran Philips 


" 


18 


James Deigh 


" 


19 


Samuel Reymor 


" 


20 


Hyram K Ashley 


" 


21 


Cresbit Young 


" 


22 


John W Cox 


" 


23 


Leonard M HUlyard 


" 


24 


Berry Preston 


" 


25 


John Bodenhamner 


" 


26 


D. B McConnell 


" 


27 


Felix G. Herndon 


" 


28 


Michael Dilmon 


" 


29 


Larkin Simms 


« 


30 


David A. Glen 


" 


31 


William A Donner 


" 


32 


William Miller 


" 


33 


Archibald Traytor 


" 


34 


Philip W Goodwui 


" 


35 


Preston King 


" 


36 


Joseph Ryan 


" 


37 


W^ilham Butler 


" 


38 


E. C. Blankenship 


" 


39 


John Fowler 


" 


40 


Daniel Morris 


" 


41 


Isaac Blackford 


" 


42 


F [T] Hutchinson 


" 



Joined Spies 19 June 



Jomed Spies 19 June 

Asst Surgeons Mate 1 Regiment 19 June 1831 



Joined Spies 19 June 



Joined Spies 19 June 
Joined Spies 19 June 



Joined Spies 19 June 



Joined Spies 19 June 
Joined Spies 19 June 



Joined Spies 21 June 



80 



PART ONE : Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



43 


P. A. Saunders 


" 


44 


John Morgan 


" 


45 
46 

47 


William Earnst 
Daniel P Gardner 
James Gardner 


\ 


48 
49 


Joseph Norris 
James B. Redman 


I 


50 


Samuel Neal 


" 


51 


WiUiam H Palmer 


" Joined Spies 19 June 


52 


P. S. Patterson 


" Joined Spies 19 June 


53 


John Casson [Carson] 


" Joined Spies 19 June 


54 


Matthew Duncan 


" 


55 


Samuel Morris Jr. [?] 


" 


56 


Wm. A. Brady 


" Joined Spies 19 June 


57] 


Bella [C?] Websteri 


" appointed Qarter ma 


58 


George W. Hogland 


" 


59 


James Stephenson 


" Joined Spies 19 June 


60 


Andrew Elliott 


" 


61 


James E Reed' 


" 


62 


tho's Elliott 


" 



I certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain James 
Campbells company of the 2d Regiment of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers, com- 
manded by Brig. General Jos. Duncan, for the period herein mentioned — that the 
remarks set oposite the name of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just — and 
that the recapitulation exhibits the true state of the Company. 

Rock Island, July 2d. 1831. James Campbell Capt Comdg Company 

[NS] I certify on honor, that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, and that I 
have this second day of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected, for discharge, 
the above named Company of the 2d. Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volunteers, 
commanded by Brig Genl. Jos Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering officer. 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, dealing 
with enrollment, are omitted here. The com- 
pany was enrolled by James Campbell on 
June 15, 1831, at Springfield. No period of 
enrollment was given. Column 8, "Names 
Present," also omitted, shows all company 
members present except those who transferred 
to a spy company or joined the staff. Names 
spelled differently in Column 8 : 1st Sgt. Rial 
M. Jones and Pvts. 12, William Deckers; 19, 
Samuel Rejnnors ; 25, John Bodenhammer; 
26, D. B. ilcConnel; 33, Archibald Trayter; 
and 54, Mathew Duncan. 



1 The regimental staff roll gives his initial as 
"C." On this roll the initial is almost illegible. 

2 The initial in this name has been written 
over, but is probably "E," James E. Reed is 
said to have served in both the 1831 and 
1832 Black Hawk campaigns; see Sangamon 
County (1876), 599. This man may have 
been the James Read of Reuben Brown's 
1832 company. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN THOMAS CARLIN 



Muster Roll of Captain Thomas Carlin company of the S[e]cond Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Colonel James D Henry Employed 
in the Service of the United States, by Order of the Governor and Commander in 
Chief of the Militia of Illinois from the 13th day of June 1831, to 2 July 1831 the 



Second Regiment, Buncan's Brigadi 



81 



day of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island two Hundred & twenty five 
Miles distant from the company Rendezvous 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &C 



1 Thomas Carlin 


Captain 




2 Jacob Bachus 


1st. Lieut 




3 Jacob Smith 


2 " 




1 J E Cooper 


1st. Sergt 




2 Alexander Baning 


2 " 




3 D B Whiteside 


3 




1 Martin Bournan 


Private 




2 Elijah Doty 


" 




3 P. Higan [Higgins] 


" 


Joined Spies June 19th 


4 Thomas D Scott 


" 




5 Worthington Enslow 


" 




6 Absolem Kitchin 


" 




7 Beverly A Thompson 


« 




8 Thomas Watson 


" 




9 John Bowin 


u 




10 Newton Basy 


« 




11 JohnNInglish 


u 




12 Manly Stamp 


" 




13 Jefferson Dickson 


" 




14 WiUiamSwan 


« 




15 William B Lusk 


« 




16 Jarvis Rattan 


" 




17 James Derrick 


u 




18 John Redish 


" 




19 Benj'n Drummon 


« 




20 Amaiah Moore 


« 


Discharged by Order o 


21 Larkin Rattan 


" 




22 Stephen Jackson 


« 


Joined Spies June 19th 


23 Moses Herrin 


" 


Joined Spies June 19th 


24 John Gracey 


« 




25 NichelosFry 


" 




26 James B Carr 


" 




27 Oliver P Crane 


« 


Joined Spies June 19th 


28 Willey Watson 


" 




29 Benjamin C Redish 


" 




30 John Jackson 


" 




31 WUliam Stone 


" 


Joined Spies June 19th 


32 John Harville 


" 


do do do 


33 Joel Johnson 


" 




34 Henry R Sternbridge 


« 




35 F J Brown 


" 




36 Benoni Banning 


" 




37 William Lamme 


" 


Joined Spies 19 June 18 


38 Trusey Denlin 


« 




39 Francis Miller 


a 




40 Mason Cockrell 


u 




41 John Clark 


" 




42 Alfred Wever 


« 




43 Henry M Blanchard 


« 




44 William Flanders 


« 




45 James Allen 


« 





PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &C 



46 James Gilleland 

47 David Rusk 

48 Jacob Bachus 



Promoted 1st Lieutenant Jime 19th 1831 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Thomas 
Carlin's company of the 2d. Regiment of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, and that the 
remarks set opposite the name of each Officer & soldier are accvu-ate and just. 

Rock Island July 2, 1831. Tho. Carlin Capt. Commdg. Company. 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that I 
have this 2d. day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named Company of the 2d. Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed : "See payments made by 
"Wright on this roll. Settlent. of July 1833." 
Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, dealing with enroll- 
ment, are omitted here. The company was 
enrolled by Thomas Carlin at CarroUton, June 
14, 1831. Column 8, also omitted, shows all 



members present except those whose absence 
is indicated by the "Remarks." Names with 
spelling variations in Column 8 : Pvts. 3, 
P. Higgins; 10, Newton Bacy; 25, Nicholas 
Fry; and 35. T. J. Brown. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM F. ELKIN 

Muster Roll of Captain William F Elkin Company of the Second Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of lUinoise Commanded by Col. James D Henry emplo3^ed 
in the Service of the United States by orders of the Governor and commander in 
chief of the Militia of the State of Illinois from the 4th of June 1831, to the day of 
its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island Two Hundred miles distant from the 
company Rendezvouse. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 


WiUiam F. Elkin 


Captain 


2 


Archibald Constant 


1st Leiut 


3 


George Power 


2 " 


1 


William S Pickrell 


1st Sergt 


2 


James Langston 


2 


3 


Zackariah Mooreland 


3. 


4 


Benjamin F Neilson 


4 


1 


Enos Darnell 


1 Corpl. 


2 


Tilman Smith 


2 


3 


Chilton [Clinton?] Wilson 


3 


4 


Ephraim Wilcox 


4 


1 


Henry Beeson 


Private 


2 


Edward T Waldron 


Privates 


3 


Charles Snelson 


« 


4 


Amos Brown 


a 


5 


Abros Cooper 


a 


6 


Joel Webb 


" 


7 


Thomas Burbridge 


« 


8 


Adolphus F Tucker 


« 


9 


John Martin 


u 



Elected Capt. 4 June 1831 



Joined the Spies 19 June 1831 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 83 



No. Names Rank Remarks 



10 Andrew Hornback 


« 


11 Jacob Kelyon 


« 


12 Abros [Ambrose] B Cass 


" 


13 Isaac Fulton 


« 


14 John Hornback 


« 


15 William M Kelly 


u 


16 John Williams 


« 


17 James C Hogan 


« 


18 Absalom Power 


Corporal 


19 Elbert G Reaves 


Private 


20 Henry Clark 


" 


21 Samuel Demint 


« 


22 Havy Crocker 


u 


23 Peter Wigginton 


« 


25 Elkand Glover 


« 


24 Henry Trent 


« 


26 William E Denton 


u 


27 David Onstodt 


« 


28 EliasSaUls 


« 


29 Benjamin Burch 


« 


30 Edmund Oliver 


« 


31 WUloughby Churchhm 


« 


32 Isaac Constant 


" 


33 Walter Turner 


" 


34 Moses Huffman 


« 


35 William Cutright 


« 


36 John Adams 


(( 


37 Hiram Covington 


« 


38 David Campbell 


« 


39 William Yocam 


" 


40 Mortin McCarver 


« 



1st. Corporal, promoted 19 June 1831. 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true State of Captain Wilham 
F. Elkin's Company of the 2d. Regiment of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned — that the 
remarks set oposite the name of each Officer and Soldier are accurate and just and 
exhibits the true state of the company 

William F. Elkin Capt. Comdg. Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefuUy examined this Muster Roll, and that 
I have this 2d. day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the 2nd. Regiment of a Brigade of mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officers 

CD, DNA. Although Bliss signed the roll, cept 1st Corp. Enos Darnell, who transferred 

Elkin's name is in the handwriting of one to a spy company, 
of the clerks who prepared the mustering-out 

rolls. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, dealing with Names \v\t\i spelling variations in the eighth 

enrollment, are omitted here. All company column: 1st Lt. Archabald Constant; 3d Sgt. 

members except Mortin McCarver were en- Zachariah Moreland; 3d Corp. Clinton Wil- 

rolled by William F. Elkin in Sangamon son; and Pvts. 1, Henry Breeson; 5, Ambros 

County on June 4, 1831. McCarver, No. 40 Cooper; 12, Ambros B. Cass; 15, Wm. L. 

above, was enrolled in Knox County on Kelly; 18, Absolom Power; 19, Albert G. 

June 20. In the eighth column, also omitted. Reaves; 22, Harvy Crocker; 30, Edmond 

all company members are listed present ex- Oliver; and 40, Mortin M. McCarver. 



84 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN LORTON 

Muster Roll of Captain John Lortons' Company of the Second Regiment of mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Colonel James D Henry employed 
in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander in chief 
of the Militia of Illinois from the 31st. of May 1831 to 2 July 1831 the day of dis- 
charge at Rock Island 210 Miles from the company rendezvous 



Names of Officers 
non commissioned Offi- 
cers and privates 



Rank 



Names of Comd Non 

Comd Officers 

Musicians & Privates 

Present 



Remarks 



1 


John Lorton 


Captain 


John Lorton 


2 


Jeremiah Smith 


1st. Lieut 


Jeremiah Smith 


3 


Jesse V. Mounts 


2nd. Lieut Jesse V Mounts 


1 


Benjamin Saunders 


1st Sergt 


Benjamin Saunders 


2 


WickUff G Post 


2nd Sergt 


Wickliff G. Post 


3 


Samuel Allen 


3rd. Sergt 


Samuel Allen 


4 


Jesse C Parks 


4th. Sergt 


Jesse C. Parks 


1 


Solomon Darneille 


1st. Corpl 


Solomon Darneille 


2 


James Doddy 


2nd. Corpl James Doddy 


Privates 






1 


Joshua Abner 


Private 


Joshua Abner 


2 


Frederick Atchison 


" 


Fredrick Atchison 


3 


Edward D. Baker 


" 


Edward D. Baker 


4 


Harrison Boggess 


" 


Harrison Boggess 


5 


James Carlin 


" 


James Carlin 


6 


Davis Carter 


« 


Davis Carter 


7 


Hiram Custer 


" 


Hiram Custer 


8 


Archibald Cooper 


" 


Archibald Cooper 


9 


Hiram Drake 


" 


Hiram Drake 


10 


John V. Dee 


" 


John V. Der 


11 


Isaac Dunn 


« 


Isaac Dunn 


12 


James Lorton 


« 


James Lorton 


13 


John J. Lakin 


3rd. Corpl 


John J. Lakin 


14 


John Lee 


Private 


John Lee 


15 


WilUam F Montgomery 


" 




16 


Nathaniel Montgomery 


" 


Nathaniel Montgomery 


17 


Theophilus McGruder 


" 


TheophUus McGruder 


18 


Matthew Rose 


" 


Matthew Rose 


19 


Aldon Rhodes 


" 


Aldon Rhodes 


20 


Hampton Rattan 


« 


Hampton Rattan 


21 


Benjamin T. Scott 


« 


Benjamin T. Scott 


22 


William Stubblefield 


" 


WUliam Stubblefield 


23 


Albert Taylor 


" 


Albert Taylor 


24 


Wyatte Whittle 


u 


Wyatt Wittle 


25 


Matthias Link 


" 


Mathias Link 


26 


Peter M Brown 


" 


Peter M. Brown 


27 


Carrington Harris 


« 


Carrington Harris 


28 


Daniel Clafiin 


" 


Daniel Clafiin 


29 


William C. Hardcastle 


« 


William C. HardcMtle 



Elected Captain 17th June 
1831 (See Jacob Frye on 
Roll of Field & Staff) 

Elected 2nd. Lieut. 17th. June 

1831 
Appt 1st. Sergt 17th. June 

1831 



Joined the Spies June 19th 
1831 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



85 



Names of Officers 
non commissioned Offi- 
cers arid privates 



Rank 



Names of Comd Non 

Comd Officers 

Musicians & Privates 

Present 



Remarks 



Lindsay H. English 
Rene W. English 
Spencer Thomason 
John Parks 
Robert Powell 
Mortimore Kennett 
Thomas Worthington 
John W. Scott 



39 Samuel C. Simmons 



John R Black 
Jas. Williams 
Lowdon L Case 
William Evans 
Price Trovillo 



45 Thomas Belden 

46 Huston Reynolds 

47 John L. Evans 

48 James D. Scott 

49 Charles Gregory 

[50 Willia?]m B Whitaker 



Lindsey H. English 
R. W. English 
Spencer Thomason 
John Parks 
Robert Powell 
Mortimore Kennett 
Thomas Worthington 



4th. Corpl John R. Black 

Private Jas. Williams 

" Lowdon L. Case 

" William Evans 



Thomas Beldin 
Huston Reynolds 
John L. Evans 
James D. Scott 



[51 
[52 
[53 
54 


Name illegible] 
James] J. Reynolds 
John Mc ?]Kenney 
Charles McFadden 


JJ 


[Louis ?] Powell 
James J. Reynolds 
[John ?] McKinny 
Charles McFadden 


55 
56 
57 


Jacob Castleberry 
James Turney 
Jacob Fry 


Captain 


Jacob Castleberry 
James Turney 



Appointed Brigade Paymaster 

Jime 19th. 
Joined the Spies 19th June 

1831 



Appointed Sergeant Major 
19th June 1831 



Appointed Waggon Master 
19th June 1831 [to Brigade] 

Appointed Assistant Quarter 
Master 19th June 1831 

Appointed Surgeons Mate 
19th June 1831 



Elected Major in 2nd. Regi- 
ment 19th. June 1831 and 
appointed Anew Lieut. Col. 
the same date 



I certify on honor that this muster Roll Exhibits the true state of Captain John 
Lorton's Company of the 2nd. Regiment of the Brigade of mounted Volunteers Com- 
manded by Brigr. Genl. Jos Duncan for the period herein mentioned, that the remarks 
set opposite the name of each Officer and Soldier are accurate and just 
Ptock Island July 2d 1831. John Lorton Capt. Commdg Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2nd. day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named Company of the 2nd. Regiment of a Brigade of mounted volunteers, 
commanded by Brigr Genl. Jos. Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officer 

DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, omitted 
here, state that the company was enrolled by 
Jacob Fry at Carrollton, Greene County, on 
May 31, 1831. No period of service is given. 



1 Jesse C. Parks, a sergeant, was entered as 
Pvt. No. 33. Although the name was lined 
out, the numbering was not changed. 



86 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ACHILLES MORRIS 

Muster roll of Capt Achilles Morris Company of 2d Regiment of Mounted Volenteers 
of the state of Illinois commanded by Col J D Henry Employed in the service of 
the United States, by order of the Governor and commander in chief of the Militia 
of Illinois, from the 4th day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the day of its disbandment 
and discharge at Rock Island 200 miles (distance) from the Company Rendezvous 



No Names 


Rank 


Remarks 


1 Achilles Morris 


Captain 


Elected Capt June 15, 1831, at Beardstown Ills 


2 JaphetBall 


1st Lieut 


" 1st. Lieut " « « « " 


3 Elisha More 


2nd Do 


" 2d " " " " 


1 Walter Henderson 


1st Sergt 


1st. Sergt « " « 


2 Smith Ball 


2nd Do 


« 2nd do " " " « « 


3 Horace McMuertry 


3rd Do 


" 3d do " " " u « 


4 George Neal 


4th Do 


j " 4th. do " " " « « 
Returned by permission 20th June 1831 






1 Thomas Floid 


1st Corpl Elected 1st Corporal June 15th. 1831 at Beardstown Ills 


2 Logan C. Snider 


2nd Do 


" 2d Do " " 


3 James Jackson 


3rd Do 


" 3rd Do " " 


4 Wilham Easly 


4 Do 


" 4th Do " " " 


1 Edmund Morris 


Private 


Elected 4th Sergt 20th June 1831. 


2 Josephus Gatton 


" 




3 Handen Butler 


" 




4 Jacob Teple 


" 




5 Ezekiel Rhuark 


« 




6 Edward Shain 


" 




7 WUliam Sexton 


a 




8 Usual Meaker 


« 




9 David Harmon 


« 




10 George Pettit 


a 




11 Joseph Jackson 


" 




12 Charles Day 


" 




13 William H. Duncan 


" 


Returned by permission 17th June 1831 


14 Thomas Pearce 


« 




15 Bartlet Eads 


« 




16 John Stout 


« 




17 Richard Jones 


a 




18 Overton Forbush 


u 




19 John Seaman 


" 




20 Moses. H. Brants 


« 


Returned by permission 20th June 1831 


21 Hartwell Casby 


" 


Joined the Spies 19" " " 


22 James. D. Brunts 


" 




23 Daniel. R. Stout 


« 




24 George Maffet 


" 




25 William. G. Drennig 


u 




26 Randolph Davis 


a 




27 Richard Cox 


" 




28 Martin. G. Pulliam 


" 


Joined the Spies 19th June 1831 


29 Mordica Jarrott 


" 




30 John Peter 


« 




31 Thomas J. Clark 


" 




32 Baley Miller 


« 




33 Jesse Dodson 


" 





Second Regiment, Duncan's Bri 



87 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



Elijah Ray 
Alven Cross 
Henry Adams 
John. N. Camel 
Ignatius Higdon 
John Carman 
Samuel L. Peter 
Mathew Withrow 
James Tomlinson 
Jarred Williams 



Attached to waggons 



I certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Achilles 
Morris Company of the 2d Regiment of a Brigade of mounted Volunteers commanded 
by Brig General Jos Duncan for the period herein mentioned — that the remarks set 
oposite the name of each officer and soldier are accurate and just. 

Rock Island, July 2d 1831 Achilles INIorris Captan Comdg Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll and that I 
have this 2d day of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge, the 
above named Company of the 2d Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volunteers, 
commanded by Birg. Genl. Jos. Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, omitted 
here, state that the company was enrolled 
by Capt. A [dam] Smith at Springfield on 
June 4, 1831. Apparently this company was 
originally part of Smith's, which was divided 
when it reached Beardstown. 

The eighth column, headed "Pay," is blank 
in the original, and the ninth lists the com- 
pany members present. The absence of mem- 



bers is shown by the "Remarks." 

Names with spelling variations in the ninth 
column : 2d Lt. Elisha Moore ; 3d Sgt. Horace 
McMurtry; 1st Corp. Thomas Floyd; 4th 
Corp. WOliam Easley; and Pvts. 3, Hardin 
Butler; 8, Usual Meeker; 9, David Harman; 
15, Bartlett Eads; 22, James D. Brants; 
30, John N. Peter; 35, Alvin Cross; and 37, 
John N. Campbell. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL C. PIERCE 

Muster Roll of Captain Samuel C Pierces" company of the 2d. Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of lUinois commanded by Colonel James D. Henry employed 
in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief 
of the Militia of the State of Illinois from the 21st. day of May 1831, to 2 July 1831 
the day of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 225, miles distant from the 
company Rendezvous. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &C. 



1 Samuel C. Pierce Captain Elected Captain June 15, 1831 at Beardstown Ills 

and acting 1 Sergt from 
31st may in Frys compy 



2 


John M. Lancaster 


1st. Lieut 


Do 1 Lieut 


3 


Lorenzo D. Morris 


2d " 


Do 2d. Lieut 


1 


William Carlin 


1st. Sergt. 


Do 1st. Sergt 


2 


James Sinclair 


2d " 


Do 


3 


Luther Tunnel 


3d " 


Do 



88 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &C. 



4 James C. Campbell 


4th 


" 




2 William Finley 


2nd. Corpoi 


•al 


3 James Kincaid 


3d. 


" 




4 Obadiah Silkwood 


4th. 


" 




1 James H Whitesides 


1st. 


" 




1 James Winn 


Private 




2 William Stone 




" 




3 Thomas Sears 




" 




4 Western Perry 




" 




5 Anthony Macom 




" 




6 William Witt 




" 




7 Dennis Duff 




" 




8 Martin Rigsby 




" 




9 Anderson Musgrove 




" 




10 Benjamin F Gordon 




" 




11 William Haskins 




" 




12 Moses Finley 




" 




13 Robert Jackson 




" 




14 Abner P. Hill 




" 




15 John Carrigan 




" 




16 Hugh Jackson 




" 




17 Benjamin Clardy 




" 




18 William Lancaster 




" 




19 Allen Lancaster 




" 




20 William Halbert 




" 




21 Middleton B. Hill 




" 




22 Americus A. Chuning 




" 




23 Hezekiah S. Crosby 




" 




24 Jolui Catlet 




" 




25 Henry Headrick 




" 




26 William Pruitt Junr. 




" 




28 Israel Thatcher 




" 




29 Andrew Pruitt 




" 




27 Joseph Harrison 




" 




30 WiUiamson Banning 




" 




32 Frazier Banning 




" 




31 Israel Piper 




" 




33 William Cook 




" 




34 John Miller 




u 




35 Archibald Lee 




" 




36 Zuriah Finley 




" 




37 Lewis Means 




" 




38 William McHenry 




" 




39 Rial P. Green 




" 




40 Washington Laxtou 




" 




41 Paschal Laxton 




" 




42 Isaac Teter 




" 





Do 

Do (31 May 1831 in Capt. Frys Compy.) 
Do (31st May 1831 in Capt Frys compy) 
Do 15 June 1831. (31st May in Capt Frys 

company) 
elected 15 June 1831 



Joined the Spies 19. June 1831 



Joined the Spies 19 June 1831 



Joined the Spies 19. June 1831 
Joined the spies 19 June 1831 

Joined the Spies 19. June 1831 

Joined the Spies 19th June 1831 
Joined the Spies 19. June 1831 

I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Samuel 
C. Pierce's company of the Second Regiment of the Brigade of mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brigadier Genl. Jos. Duncan for the period herein mentioned — that the 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



89 



Remarks opposite the name of each Officer and soldier are accurate and just, and 
that the recapitulation exhibits the true state of the Company 

S. C. Pierce Capt Comdg Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that I 
have this 2nd. day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named Company of the second Regiment of a Brigade of mounted Volunteers, 
commanded by Brigr. Genl. Jos. Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering Officer 

[ANS] Note. Corporals Finley, Kinkade & Silkwood to have been transferred from 
Lortons Compy & elected Corporals on 15 June 1831. JB 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, omitted 
here, note that the company was enrolled 
by Capt. J[acob] Fry at Carrollton on May 
31, 1831. After Fry's company reached the 
rendezvous, Fry was appointed to the staff 
of the 2d Regiment, and his company was 
divided to form two separate units, headed 
by Capts. John Lorton and S. C. Pierce. 



Two other columns on the original roll are 
omitted here. The eighth, "Pay," is blank, 
and the ninth lists all company members 
present at the time of the muster-out except 
those who had transferred to spy companies ; 
see "Remarks." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JONATHAN R. SAUNDERS 

Muster Roll of Captain Jonathan R Saunders Company of Cavalry of the second 
Regiment of Mounted Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Colonel 
James D Henry employed in the Service of the United States by order of the Governor 
and Commander in Chief of the militia of Illinois from the 15th day of June 1831, 
to 2 July 1831 the day of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 200 miles 
distant from the Company Rendezvous 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolbnent 
Date of Where 



1 Jonathan R. Saunders 


Captain 


15 June 1831. 


Springfield Ills. 


2 Washington lies 


1st Lieut 


" " 


" 


3 Albertson Smith 


2nd do 


" " 


" 


4 Jacob Planck 


Cornet 


" 


" 


1 Thomas Moffett 


1st Sergt. 


" 


" 


2 James Watson 


2nd do 


" 


" 


3 Michael Little 


3rd do 


" 


" 


4 William B Johnston 


4 do 


" 


u 


1 Abram H Planck 


1st. Corpl 


" 


" 


2 Henry Kenney 


2nd " 


" 


" 


3 Frederick A Paterson 


3rd " 


" 


" 


4 Robert Camron 


4« 


" 


u 


1 Philetus G Pierce 


Saddler 


" 


" 


2 George Saunders 


Trumpeter 


" 


u 


3 James C T^IcNabb 


Farrier 


" 


« 


1 Samuel Lee 


Private 


" 


u 


2 George King 


" 


" 


" 


3 Wm C Stevenson 


" 


a 


" 


4 Philip C Latham 


" 


It 


" 


5 Wm S Viney 


" 


u 


« 


6 David Black 


" 


" 


« 



90 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Enrollment 



Rank 



Date of 



Where 



7 James L Southwick " 

8 Archibal Sattley " " 

9 Henry Giger " " " 

10 Jacob Cooper " 

11 Thomas Cook " " 

12 WiUiam Wright " " 

13 Gershom Dorrence " " " 

14 Benjamin Kesler " 

15 Major Kenney " " " 

16 Jacob Carman " " " 

17 Walter Dm-ham " " 

18 Armsted Abies " " " 

19 Carey Wilkinson " " " 

20 John Vincent " " 

21 JohnOldfield 

22 John Williams « " 

23 John Humphreys " " " 

24 Jaret McKenney " " " 

25 Daniel K Callerman " " " 

26 Hugh M Armstrong " " " 

27 John Henry " " 

28 John Taylor " " 

[29] James Campbell " " " 

[30] John Little 

[31] Archibald Cast " " 

30 [32] Presley A Saunders " " " 

I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Jonathan 
R Saunder's Company [of] Cavalry of the Second [Regiment o]f the Brigade of 
Mounted [Volunteers] commanded by Brigd. Genl. Joseph D[uncan for the period 
herein mentioned and] that the Remarks opposite the Names of each Officer and 
[soldier are accurate] and just, and that the recapitulation exhibits the true state of 
the Company 

Jonathan R Saunders Capt Comd'g Company 

[NS] I Certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that I 
have this 2d. day of July 1831, Mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the Second Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volenteers 
commanded by Brigd. Genl. Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10 of the 
original roll are omitted here. Columns 5, 8, 
and 10, headed "Period of Enrollment," 
"Pay," "Remarks," are blank in the original. 
The sixth column shows that the company 
was enrolled by Captain Saunders, and the 
ninth column lists all company members 



present at the time of the muster-out. Spelling 
variations in the ninth column: 2d Lt. Alber- 
ton Smith; Cornet Jacob Plank; 1st Corp. 
Abram H. Plank; 3d Corp. Fredrick A. 
Patterson; 4th Corp. Robert Carman; and 
Pvts. 8, Archibald Sattley; and 15, Major 
Kinney. 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 



91 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ADAM SMITH 



Muster Roll of Adam Smiths Company of the second Regiment of Mounted Volun- 
teers of the state of Illinois commanded by Colonel James D. Henry Employed in the 
service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief of the 
state of Illinois from the 4th day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 its disbandment and dis- 
charge at Rock Island 200 miles distance from the place of Company Rendezvous 



No. 



N^ames 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 Adam Smith 


Captain 


2 Thomas Epperson 


1 Leut 


3 William Clary 


2 " 


1 John M Stipp 


ISerg 


2 Joseph McCoy 


2 " 


a Wins[t]on M. Neale 


3 " 


4 John D Coons 


4 " 


1 James Short 


1 Corpo 


2 James E Stipp 


2 " 


3 Alexander Trent 


3 " 


4 James M. Hailey 


4 " 


1 Enoch E stipp 


1 Trumpter 


1 Thomas M Neale 


1 Private 


2 Garret Elkin 


" 


3 Edward Jones 


" 


4 E. H Merryman 


" 


5 John T. Stewart 


" 


6 L D Matheny 


" 


7 James D Henry 


" 


8 James R Gray 


" 


9 James CoUins 


" 


10 Richard Jones 


" 


11 Thomas J Hailey 


" 


12 Joseph Morris 


" 


13 Bedford W Higgins 


" 


14 John Benham 


" 


15 John West 


" 


16 John Anderson 


" 


17 Robert Champ 


" 


18 John Pike 


" 


19 Joseph B Williams 


" 


20 Levi W Goodin 


" 


21 WiUiam Anderson 


" 


22 Travis Elmore 


" 


23 Henry WRUey 


" 


24 Robert Hawthorn 


" 


25 Alvin W Saunders 


" 


26 Cyrus G Saunders 


" 


27 Thomas Cox 


" 


28 Char[l]es Harper 


" 


29 John Harper 


" 


30 WilUam W Cartmell 


" 


31 Reuben King 


" 


32 William R Center 


" 


33 John Armstrong 


" 


34 JohnKem 


M 



Left sick in camp 22 June 1831 



Appointed paymaster to 2 Regiment 19 June 1831 

Appointed surgeon to 2 Reg[i]ment 19 Jime 1831 

" " Quarter master to 2 " 19 June " 

" " Surgeon 1 Reg. " " " 

Elected major 1 Battallion 2 Reg. " " " 

Elected Colonel of 2 Regment " " " 

appointed surgeon mate 2 R 

" adjutant Do " " " 

Deserted 



Joined Spies 19 June 1831 



92 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



35 William S Smith 

36 Mathew Holland 
[37] Baxter B Berry 
[38] William Green 
[39] William Price 
[40] William Berr[y] 

41 Silas Wadkins 

42 William Garrett 

43 William Myres " 

44 David Edgar " 

45 Martin S. Trent 

46 Thomas Woolridge " 

47 Charles Maltby 

48 Jacob Miller " 

49 Jacob Hevener " 

50 Josiah Crawford " 

51 Thomas Graham " 

52 Solomon Teeter " 

53 John C Vance " 

54 John Mounts " 

55 George Warburton " 

56 Jeremiah Adams " 

57 Tho's D Ellis 

I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Adam 
Smith's Company of the 2d. Regiment of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, and that 
the remarks set opposite the name of each Officer and Soldier are accurate and Just. 

Rock Island July 2, 1831 Adam Smith Capt Comdg. Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that 
I have this 2d. day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the 2d. Regiment of a Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering Officer 



Joined Spies 19 June 1831 

Joined the Spies 

4th Sergeant (mustered as private JB.) 

Joined the Spies 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, omitted 
here, note that the company was enrolled by 
the captain at Springiield, June 4, 1831. 
The eighth column, entitled "Pay," is blank, 
and the ninth, "Names Present," lists all 
company members whose absence is not 
indicated by the "Remarks." The names of 
three privates are spelled differently in the 



ninth column: Nos. 11, Thomas G. Hailey; 
30, WiUiam W. CartmiU; and 32, WUlard 
R. Carter. 

As originally enrolled, this company appar- 
ently included the men who later composed 
Capt. Achilles Morris's company as well as 
those listed above. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL SMITH 

Muster Roll of Captain Samuel Smith Company of the second Regiment of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois, Commanded by Colonel James D Henry, employed 
in the service of the United States, by order of the Governor and Commander in Chief 
of the State of Illinois from Thirteenth day of June 1831, to 2 July 1831 the day of 
its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island Two hundred & twenty five Miles 
distant from the Company Rendezvous. 



Second Regiment, Duncan's Brigade 


93 




No Names 


Rank 


Remarlcs &c. 




1 Samuel Smith 


Captain 


Saml. Smith Elected Captain 19th June 1831 


2 Anthony Potts 


1st Lieutenant 


19th June 


1831 


3 Urial Downey 


2d. Lieutenant 


19t Do 


1831 


1 Roswell H Spencer 


Sergent 


19 


1831 


2 Alfred M Jones 


Do 


19 


1831 


3 Glover Short 


" 


19 




4 Amos H Squires 


" 


19 


« 


1 John Thompson 


private 






2 Elijah Eveland 


Do 


Elijah Eveland Sick in hospital 




3 Rowell Honeycutt 


Corporal 


Rowel Honeycut 1st Corporal 




4 Benjamin Crabtree 


Private 






5 William Taylor 


« 






6 WUliam Moore 


« 






7 John Little 


« 






8 Joel Cunningham 


« 






9 Solomon Silkwood 


" 






10 Nathaniel Pratt 


« 






11 Charles ISIartin 


" 






12 Christopher Dotson 


" 






13 Samuel K Smith 


" 






14 Venis Hicks 


Corporal 


Vines Hicks 2d Corporal 




15 Thomas Black 


[Private] 






16 Robert Baines 


" 






17 Patrick Murphy 


'• 






18 William Ray 


" 






191 Thomas S Gelder 


" 


T S Gelder inserted by mistake 




20 George Wright 


" 






21 James Cook 


" 






22 Thomas Dodson 


« 






23 Richard Ward 


" 






241 janries Carr 


" 


James Carr inserted by mistake 




25 John Pinkerton 


" 






26 Nathan Thornbury 


" 






27 Stephen C'hinalt 


" 






28 John Legg 


" 






29 James Ford 


" 






30 James P Scoggin 


" 






31 Daniel Strang 


" 






32 Davidson Smith 


" 






33 Pecks Perry 


Corporal 


Pecks Perry 3d Corporal 




34 Francis Powell 


Corporal 


Francis Powel 4h Corporal 




35 James Thompson 


Private 






36 Absalon McLean 


" 


Absalom Mclain on furlough from July 


1st 


37 Henry Floyd 


" 






38 Thomas Tucker 


" 


Thomas Tucker Sick 




[39] Alfred Rule 


" 






[40] Eli S Thompson 


" 






[41] Elijah T Little 


" 






42 Jonathan A McClannen 


" 






43 James Hill 


" 






44 Levi N Merrick 


" 






45 Abel Wilcox 


" 







94 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &c. 



46 John W Skidmore 

47 Isaac Plasters 

48 Thos. S. GUder 



Assistant to Qr master 
Same " 

Same " 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Saml. 
Smith's company of the 2d Regiment of the Brigade of mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned and that the 
remarks set opposite the name of each Officer & soldier are accurate & Just, and that 
the recapitulation exhibits the true state of the Company 

Rock Island July 2, 1831 Saml. Smith capt Commanding Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2d. day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the 2 Regiment of a Brigade of mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering officer 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, and 7, omitted 
here, note that the company was enrolled at 
Carrollton by Thomas Carlin on June 13. 
The eighth column, headed "Pay," is blank. 
In the ninth column all company members 
present at the muster-out are listed. The only 
absentees were Pvt. 36, Absalom McLain (on 
furlough) and three other privates who were 



serving as assistants to quartermasters: 46, 
John W. Skidmore; 47, Isaac Plasters; and 
48, Thomas S. Gilder (entered twice on the 
roll — see No. 19). Pvts. 2, Elijah Eveland, 
and 38, Thomas Tucker, both marked "sick," 
are listed as present. 

1 Name crossed out on original roll. 



Odd Battalion of Spies, Duncan^ s Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff Officers of an Odd Batalion of Spies of Mounted 
Volunteers Commanded by Major Samuel Whitesides in a Brigade Commanded by 
General Joseph Duncan mustered and inspected for Discharge at Rock Island on the 
2nd. of July 1831. 284 miles from the first rendezvous 



No. 



Rank 



Names 



Remarks 



1 Major Samuel Whitesides 

2 Ajutant Samuel T. Kendall 

3 Quartermaster John S Greathouse 

4 Paymaster P H Winchester 

5 Surgeon Thomas Stanton 



Private in Wheelers Compy from 2 June 1831 
same same same 

same same same 

same same same 

j same same same 

] On Furlough 
Non Commissioned Staff enrolled 
Quartermaster Thos. H. Finney \ Private in Pruitts Compy from 2 June 1[831] 
Sergeant ( On Furlough 



Rock Island 2 July 1831. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & 

Mustering Officer 



Saml. Whiteside Major of 

Batalion of Spies o[f a Brigade ?] 

of M volunteers of Ill[inois ?vlilitia ?] 



DS, DNA. Columns 4 and 5, headed "Date 
of Commission" and "Names Present," are 
omitted here. All were commissioned June 



19, and all were present at the muster-out 
except the surgeon and quartermaster ser- 
geant. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM MILLER 



Muster Roll of Captain William Miller's Company of Spies of mounted Volunteers 
of the state of Illinois, commanded by Maj. Saml Whitesides employed in the service 
of the United States, by Order of the Governor and commander in chief of the Militia 
of Illinois, from the ISth. day of June 1831, to 2nd July 1831 the day of its disbandment 
and discharge at Rock Island 200 miles from the Company Rendezvous: 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Date of 



Enrollment 
By Whom 



Where 



1 William Miller 

2 H. T. Camp. 

3 William Morgan 
1 P. S. Patterson 



Captain 
1st. Lieut. 
2d. Do. 
1st. Sergt. 



15 June 1831 
4 June 1831 
13 June 1831 
15 June 1831 

95 



J Campbell 
D Leib 
G. T. Bristow 
J. Campbell 



Springfield 
Cors Browns 
Jacksonville 
Springfield 



96 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 











Enrollment 




No 


Names 


Rank 


Date of 


By Whom 


Where 


2 


William Roberts 


2d. Do. 


15 June 1831 


J. Wassons 


Cors Browns 


3 


Thomas Murray 


3d. Do. 


15 June 1831 


J. Wassons 


Cors Browns 


4 


Evan Morgan 


4th. Do. 


15 June 1831 


J. Campbell 


Springfield 


1 


Samuel H. INIcGee 


1st. Copl. 


4 June 1831 


W. C. Barnett 


Springfield 


2 


James P. J^IcGee 


2nd do 


4 June 1831 


W. C Barnett 


Springfield 


3 


Edward Taylor 


3d. Do. 


15 June 1831 


J Campbell 


Springfield 


4 


William F Montgomery 


4d. Do. 


31 May 1831 


Jacob Fry 


Carrolton 
Green Cty 


1 


John Carson Private 


Private 


15 June 1831 


J Campbell 


Springfield 


2 


William H. Palmer 


" 


" " " 


" 


" 


3 


Thomas Chilton 


" 


" " " 


" 


a 


4 


Joseph St. John 


" 


" " " 


" 


" 


5 


Thomas Cox 


" 


4 June 1831 


A. Smiths 


Springfield 


6 


John Catlett 


" 


31 May 1831 


Capt J. Fry 


Carrolton 


7 


Martin G. Pullum 


" 


4 June 1831 


A Smiths 


Springfield 


8 


Hartwell Casby 


" 


4 June 1831 


A Smiths 


Springfield 


9 


E. C. Blankenship 


" 


15 June 1831 


J. Campbells 


Springfield 


10 


Isaac Feter [Teter] 


" 


31 May 1831 


Capt J Fry 


Carrolton 

Ills 
Springfield 


11 


William Butler 


" 


15 June 1831 


J Campbell 


12 


William Cooke 


" 


31 May 1831 


Capt J. Fry 


Carrolton 


13 


Enos Darneill 


" 


4 June 1831 


W. T. Elkin 


Sangonon 
Cty 


14 


Lemuel Scroggins 


" 


4 June 1831 


W. C. Barnett 


Springfield 


15 


George Lowry 


" 


4 June 1831 


DLeib 


Cors Browns 


16 


Philemon Higgins 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


17 


Royall P. Green 


" 


31 May 1831 


J. Fry 


Carrolton 


18 


John Carrigan 


" 


31 May 1831 


J. Fry 


Carrolton 


19 


William Lamme 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


20 


0. P. Crane 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


21 


Stephen Jackson 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


22 


Simpson Stewart 


" 


15 June 1831 


J. Wasson 


Cors Browns 


23 


Archibald Lee 


" 


31 May 1831 


Capt J. Fry 


Carrolton 

Ills 
Carrolton 


24 


Paschal Laxton 


" 


31 May 1831 


Capt J. Fry 


25 


John Harvill 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


26 


John R. Herndon 


" 


15 June 1831 


J. Campbell 


Springfield 


27 


James C. Stevenson 


" 


" " 


« 


" 


28 


William A. Brady 


" 


" " 


" 


" 


29 


William Stone 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


30 


Samuel C. Simmons 


" 


31 May 1831 


Jacob Fry 


Carrolton 
Green Cty 


31 


Moses Herrin 


" 


14 June 1831 


T. Carlin 


Carrolton 


32 


William Myers 


" 


4 June 1831 


A. Smith 


Springfield 


33 


Jonathan Rusk 


" 


4 June 1831 


D. Leib 


Cors Browns 


34 


Allen King 


" 








35 


Evan T. Lane 


" 








36 


Thomas Hutchinson 


" 


15 June 1831 


J. Campbell 


Springfield 


37 


Jacob Miller 


" 


4 June 1831 


A Smith 


Springfield 


38 


John Royall 


" 


13 June 1831 


G. T. Bristow 


Jacksonville 


39 


Alexander Hook 


" 


4 June 1831 


W. C. Barnett 


Springfield 


40 


John Scroggin 


« 


4 June 1831 


W. C. Barnett 


Springfield 


41 


Solomon Teter 


" 


4 June 1831 


A. Smith 


Springfield 



Odd Battalion of Spies, Duncan's Brigade 



97 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true State of Captain William 
Millers Company of Mounted Volunteer Spies Commanded by Brig. Gen. Joseph 
Duncan for the period herein mentioned, that the remarks opposite the names of 
each officer and soldier are accurate and just, and that the recapitulation exhibits 
the true state of the company. 

William Miller Capt Commanding Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll and that I 
have this 2d da}' of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named Company of Mounted Volunteer Spies Commanded by Brig Gen. 
Joseph Duncan. 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & muster officer 

[ANS] From a comparison with other rolls I am of opinion that this company was 
organized on the 19th. June 1831 at Rushville & that the officers & N C Officers, as 
such, are entitled to pay from that date. 

J Bliss Maj Inspect & ^^lustg Off- 



DS, DXA. ColuJims 6, 7, and 8 are omitted 
here. Column 6, "Pay," is blank. Column 7 
lists all company members present at the 
muster-out and has the following spelling 
variations: Pvts. 14, Lemual Scroggins; 16, 
Pheleman Higgins; 17, Ryall P. Green; 32, 
William Myres ; and 35, Evan J. Lane. 



Column 8, headed "Remarks," identifies 
the company from -which each man trans- 
ferred. Except in the following sixteen in- 
stances the enrolling officer, named in Column 
4, was the company commander. 

Enrolled by Daniel Leib but transferred from 
McDow's company was 1st Lt. H. T. Camp. 
Leib also enrolled two transfers from Alex- 
ander Wells's company, Pv-ts. 15 and 33, 
George Lowry and Jonathan Russ. Jacob 
Fry enrolled two transfers from Lorton's 
company, 4th Sgt. William F. Montgomery 



and Pvt. 30, Samuel C. Sinmions, and the 
following seven transfers from Pierce's com- 
pany: Pvts. 6, John Catlett; 10, Isaac Teter; 
12, William Cooke; 17, Royal P. Greene; 18, 
John Carrigan; 23, Archibald Lee; and 24, 
Paschal Laxton. 

Adam Smith enrolled two transfers from 
from Achilles Morris's company, Pvts. 7 and 
8, Martin G. PuUiam and Hartwell Casby. 
Joseph Wasson enrolled two from Samuel 
J, Kinkead's company, Pvt. 22, Simpson 
Stewart, and 2d Sgt. WiUiam Roberts. 

The spellings above, when differing from those 
on the roll, are the preferred spellings. 

The only other remark in Column 8 is op- 
posite the name of Pvt. 13, Enos Darnell (or 
Darneill), "pay due as Corporal to 18th June 
1831." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SOLOMON PRUITT 

Muster Roll of Captain Solomon Pruitts Company odd Battallion of Spies of mounted 
vokmteers of the State of Illinois commanded by Major Samuel Whitesides employed 
in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander-in-chief 
of the Militia of Illinois from the 2d. day of June 1831, to 2 July 1831 the day of its 
disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 280 miles distant from the Company 
Rendezvous 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &C. 



Solomon Pruitt 
Samuel Seybold 
Joseph Bartlett 
Philip S. Day 
Jefferson McKinney 
Cyrus C. Gillham 
Collier Browm 



Captain 



1st. 
2d. 
1st. 
2d. 
3d. 
4th 



Lieut. 



Sergt. 



Elected Captain 19th June 1831 at Rushville Ills 
" 1st. Lieut. " " " 

" 2d. " 

1st. Sergt. 
" 2d. " 
" 3d. " 
" 4th. " 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. Names 




Rank 


Remarks &C. 


1 George W Kelly 


1st. 


Corporal 


" 1st. Corporal " " 


2 Riley Stuart 


2d. 


" 


" 2d. " 


3 William M'lllilly 


3d 


" 


« 3^j « 


4 William PiercaU 


4th 


" 


" 4th. " 


1 James Semple 


Private 


Appointed Adjutant [to Buckmaster's Odd Batt.] 








June 19th 1831 


2 Jesse B. Thomas Junr. 




" 


Appointed Quarter master [to Buckmaster's Odd 
Batt.] June 19th 


3 Thomas H Finney 




" 


Appointed Quarter master Sergeant 19th June 


4 David Armstrong 




" 




5 William W. Stice 




" 




6 James M. Murphy 




" 




7 Henry D. Rhea 




" 




8 John D. Adams 




" 




9 Moses H. Adams 




« 




10 Nicholas Felcher 




« 




11 WUliam Mize 




« 




12 Jacob Rexroot 




a 




13 Richard Taylor 




a 




14 Thomas Whiteside 




" 




15 Tandy Mills 




a 




16 Thomas Rafferty 




a 




17 Cullinus M. Rogers 




" 




18 Samuel Bailey 




" 




19 John Whiteside 




" 




20 Caleb Lacey 




" 


Transferred [from] S. Millers Company 19th 
June 1831 


21 John Hart 




« 




22 WiUiam Armstrong 




« 




23 Henry Armstrong 




" 




24 Lewis Landland [Scandland] 




" 




25 Jacob Kinder 




" 




26 John H McKee 




" 




27 Arthur Taylor 




" 




28 Austin Bowles 




" 




29 John McGaher 




tt 




30 Thomas V. Gillham 




« 




31 Sanford Beck 




" 




32 Francis Berry 




" 




33 Samuel Whitesidei 




« 




34 William Whiteside 




« 




35 William Hamilton 




" 




36 Nathaniel Buckmaster 




" 


Elected major of Odd Battalion 19. June 1831 



at Rushville Ills. — pd. as a privat from 2 to 
19th June 1831 



I certify on honor that this iNIuster Roll exhibits the true State of Captain Solomon 
Prewett's company of the Odd Battalion of Spies, of the Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers Commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, 
and that the remarks set oposite the name of each Officer and Soldier are accurate 
and Just. 



Rock Island, July 2, 1831. 



Solomon pruitt Capt Comdg. Company 



Odd Battalion of Spies, Duncan's Brigadi 



99 



[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, and that 
I have this 2d. day of July 1831 Mustered and Minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the Odd Battalion of Spies of a Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "(See paj-ment by 
Wright on Settlen't of July 1833, made on 
this roll.)" Columns 4 through 7 of the 
original roll show that the company was 
enrolled hy Capt. Erastus MTieeler at 
Edwardsville on June 2, 1831. The eighth 
column, headed "Pay," is blank; the ninth 
lists company members present at the muster- 
out. The only absentees were Pvts. 1, 2, 3, 
and 36, all of whom became members of 
the staffs of the Spy Battalion or Buck- 
master's Odd Battalion. 

In addition to the remarks shown above, all 
commissioned and noncommissioned ofBcers 



are said to have "pay as private due from 
2d to 19th June 1831." 

1 Samuel White.'^ide of Madison County, who 
became major of the Spy Battalion, is listed 
as Pvt. 42 on the roll of Erastus Wheeler's 
company with the notation that he had 
transferred to that company from Solomon 
Miller's St. Clair County company. Miller's 
roll lists a Samuel Whiteside as Pvt. 27 and 
states that he transferred to the spies. It 
seems likely that prior service in Miller's 
company should have been attributed only 
to Pvt. 33 above, and not to the Spy Bat- 
talion major formerly of Wheeler's company. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ERASTUS WHEELER 

Muster Roll of Captain Erastus Wheelers Company of the odd Battalion of Spies 
of mounted Volunteers of the State of Illinois commanded by Maj Saml Whiteside^ 
employed in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander- 
in-chief of the State of Illinois from the 2d day of June 1831 to the day of its disband- 
ment and discharge on the 2d day of July 1831 at Rock Island 200 miles distance 
from the Company Rendezvous. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks &C. 



1 


Erastus Wheeler 


Captain 


2 


John T Lusk 


1st. Lieut 


3 


William E Starr 


2d. Do 


1 


Amos Emerson 


1st. Sergt 


2 


William Tindall 


2" Do 


3 


Benjamin Stephenson 


3" Do 


4 


Thomas R Wilson 


4th. Do 


1 


Josiah Randle 


1. Corpl. 


2 


John P Bayless 


2. Do 


3 


John Gigar 


3. Do 


4 


Thornhill Ballard 


4" Do 


1 


J W Chenowith 


private 


2 


James G McGuffie 


« 


3 


Chas M Johnston 


« 


4 


Peter Bransteller 


" 


5 


Pleasant Hart 


" 


6 


John Best 


« 


7 


Saml T Kendall 


" 


8 


Wesley Y Hagler 


" 


9 


Joseph Gilaspie 


" 


LO 


Elijah Taylor 


" 


1 


James Fleming 


" 



wounded before the march & absent with 
leave of his capt 



Appointed adjutant 



100 PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. Names Rank Remarks &C. 

12 Joseph Wilcox " 

13 James Fry " 

14 James R Wood " 

15 Hugh Owen " 

16 Saml B Clark 

17 John G Sutphan " 

18 John Lawrence " 

19 Vincent Tallon " 

20 Irving B Randell 

21 Lorin Cleaveland " 

22 Menanchon Thomas " 

23 John S Greatehouse " Appointed Quarter Master 20th June 

24 Reese Bayless " 

25 William Mclninck " 

26 Thomas M Mayson " 

27 Luther Kellog " 

28 Alfred Patterson " 

29 Milton Torrence " 

30 William M Lakin 

31 Davis Field 

32 Wm. Peper 

33 Patmore H Winchest[er] " (See roll of Field & Staff) 

34 Andrew Holman " 

35 Howard Clark 

36 Saml C Campbell " Sick and absent with leave 

37 Stephen Hartwell " transferred from St Clair troops 

38 Thomas Leming " Do Do 

39 William Davis " 

40 John Piper " 

41 Richard Bradsbury " Transferred from the St. Clair troops 

42 Saml W^hitesides " Elected Major in the Spies 17 June 1831. 

I c[ertify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain Erastus 
Wheeler's company of mounted volunteer spies] of the Brigade of mounted volunteers 
commanded by Brigd. Genl Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, that 
the remarks set opposi[te] the name of each officer & Solder are accurate and just and 
that the recapitulation exhibits the true state of the company 

Rock Island July 2d 1831 Erastus Wheeler capt Comd'g Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2nd. day of July 1831, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the Odd Batalion of Spies of a Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers commanded by Brig'd Genl. Jos Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "See payment made 37, 38, 41, and 42 — Stephen Hartwell, 

on tills roll by Wright in Settlemt. of July Thomas Leming, Richard Bradsbury, and 

1833." Columns 4 through 9 of the original Samuel Whiteside — who were enrolled by 

roll are omitted here. Columns 4 through 7, Solomon Miller at Belleville, 
dealing with enrollment, show that with the 

exception of four men, all company members The eighth column, headed "Pay," is blank, 

were enrolled by Captain Wheeler at The ninth coliimn lists company members 

Edwardsville on June 2. The four were Pvts. present at the muster-out. Absentees are indi- 



Odd Battalion of Spies, Duncan's Brigade 



101 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM B. WHITESIDE 

Muster Roll of Captain William Whiteside's Company Odd Battalion of Spies of 
Mounted Volenteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Major Samuel Whitesides 
employed in the Service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander 
in chief of the Militia of Illinois from the 13th. day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the 
day of its discharge and disbandment at Rock Island 284 miles distant from the 
company rendezvous 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 William B Whitesides 


Captain 


Sick 


2 George F Kenady 


1" Lieut. 


Elected 19" June in place of John P 
Lawrance promoted. 


3 Jacob Swaggert 


2d Lieut. 




1 James H Gilham Jr. 


1" Sergt. 




2 Zadekiah Manning 


2nd. do 




3 James Bodkins 


3d do 




4 James Matocks 


4d do 




1 Isaac W Graham 


1st Corporel 




2 John P Gilham 


2d do 




3 Jacob Sipple 


3d do 




4 Joseph Casterline 


4". do 




1 Jacob Varner 


Private 




2 John Scott 


" 




3 David Herrin 


" 




4 Wm H Whiteside 


" 




5 Saml. Swagart 


" 


from Solomon Miller's Company 


6 William Harrison 


" 




7 David Pembroke 


" 




8 Elihu Springer 


" 




9 Samuel P Gilham 


" 




10 John M Dunagan 


« 




11 Jos[eph T. DeBa]nn 


" 




12 Charles Sabastion 


" 




13 Bigger J Head 


" 




14 James H Gilham Senr. 


" 




15 John Harkleroad 


" 




16 Madison Bridger 


« 




17 John Gates 


" 




18 Stephen Scandlain 


" 




19 Joseph C Dunagan 


" 


on Furlough 


20 John Dyo 


" 




21 Sidney Manning 


" 




22 Joseph Grondine 


" 




23 Lewis Shewtan 


" 





cated by the "Remarks" above. Names with 
spelling variations in the ninth column : 2cl 
SfTt. William Tendall and Pvts. 1, J. W. 
Chinowith; 10, Eligah Taylor; and 21, 
Loring Cleaveland. 

1 The Samuel Whiteside who became major 
of the Spy Battalion was from Madison 
County. It is possible, of course, that he was 
in Belleville when Miller's company was 



enrolled and that he joined the company 

there, transferring later to Erastus Wheeler's 
company. But since Whiteside's prior mem- 
bership in Miller's company is indicated 
on the original of the above roll by dittos, it 
seems more likely that the clerk made an 
error in attributing that service to him. A 
Samuel WTiiteside was also listed as a mem- 
ber of Pruitt's company of the Spy Bat- 
talion. 



102 



PART one: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
[46] 



Charles Beckett 
Lewis Martin 
Andrew Mimme 
Abner Bishop 
BowUng Cane 
Abner Kelly 
Elijah King 
Joel Jones 
[Mil]ton Guthrie 
Elias Smith 
John Crossby 
Wilson Humes 
Samuel Kensler 
Saml Grotts 
William Cane 
George Waddell 
Martin Tindall 
Wm. Demint 
George W Bell 
John Huston 
Thomas Staunton 
John Rankin 
J [?] Farhan 



Absent on Furlough 
Same Same 



from S Miller's Company. 

Absent on Furlough 
Absent on Furlough 



I certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Wm B 
Whiteside['s] Company of Odd Battalion of Spies of the Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers commande[d] by Brigar. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein Mentioned 
that the remar[ks] opposite the name of each officer and Soldier are accurate & Just 

Rock Island 2d July 1831. William B. Whiteside Capt Comd'g Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this 2d July 1831 — mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the above 
named company of odd Battalion of Spies of a Brigade of mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brigd General Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B IMaj 3 Inf Inspector & Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "See pa^-ment made 
by Wright on these rolls & Settlemt of July 
1833." Columns 4 through 9 are omitted 
here. All but two of the company members 
were enrolled by William B. Whiteside at 
Edwardsville on June 13. The two exceptions 
are Pvts. 5 and 41, Samuel Swaggert and 
William Demint, who were enrolled by Solo- 
mon Miller at Belleville on June 2. Enroll- 
ment facts are given in Columns 4 through 
7; Column 8, headed "Pay," is blank; and 
Column 9 lists company members present 
at the muster-out. 



Although Captain Whiteside is marked 
"Sick," he is listed as present on July 2. 
Absentees on that date were Pvts. 19, Joseph 
C. Dunagan; 27, Abner Bishop; 28, Bowling 
Cane; 44, Thomas Staunton; and 46, J. 
Farhan. 

Names given more completely or with spell- 
ing variations in the ninth column: 2d Lt. 
Jacob Swaggart; Pvts. 11, Joseph T. De- 
Bann; 12, Charles Lebastin ; 15, John 
Harkleroade; 32, Milton Guthrie; 35, Willis 
Humes; and 40, Martin H. Tindall. 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Duncan's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of Field and Staff officers of the Odd battalion of Mounted volunteers 
Commanded by Major Nathaniel Buckmaster employed in the service of the U. States 
by order of the Governor & Commander in chief of the State of Illinois from the 2d. 
day of Jime 1831. to the day of its disbandment & discharge at Rock Island on the 
2 day of July 1831. 



Rank 



Names 



Date of Covin. 



Place of Rendezs. 



1 Major 
1 Adjt. 



Quart. Mast. 
Surgeon 
Ast. Surgeon 



Nathaniel Buckmaster 19th. June 1831 



James Semple 

on furlow i 
Jesse B. Thomas jr. ' 
Charles Higbee 
Richard Roman 



19th. June 1831 

Do 
Do 
Do 



Beardstown 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 



Non-Commissioned Staff 



1 Qr. Mr. Sergt. 

2 Sergt. Majr. 
Pay Master 



John A. Blackwell 
George D Kinney 
Joseph Gillespie 



Rock Island 2d July 1831 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf 
Inspector & Mustering Officer 



19th. June 1831. 
19 June " 

19 June 



Enrolled 
Beardstown N. Buckmaster 



Nathaniel Buckmaster 

Major Commanding the 
Odd battalion Md. Vols. &c. 



DS, DNA. The body of the roll is in the 
handwriting of James Semple. The last two 
columns of the original roll, headed "Names 
present" and "Remarks," are omitted here. 
All but three staff members are marked pres- 
ent: Sgt. Maj. George D. Kinney was mus- 



tered out in William Moore's company ; and 
Paymaster Joseph Gillespie and Q.M. Jesse 
B. Thomas, Jr., were on furlough. In the 
"Remarks" cohunn each staff member is 
said to be entitled to pay as a private 
from June 2 to June 19, 1831. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN P. LAWRENCE 



Muster Roll of Captain John P. Lawrence Company of the odd battalion of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Major Nathaniel Buckmaster 
employed in the Service of the United States by order of the Governor and Commander 
in chief of the Militia of Illinois from the 13th. June 1831, to 2nd July 1831 the day 
of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 280 miles distant from the Company 
rendezvous. 

103 



104 



PART ONE: Black Hnivk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Nmnes 



Rank 



Enrollment 
where 



Remarks 



1 John P. Lawrence 


Captain 


Edwardsville 


Elected Capt. 19th June 










pay as 1st. Lieut due 










from 13th. to 19th. 










June 1831. 


2 James G. Anderson 


1st. 


Lieut 




pay as 1st. Sergt. due 
from 13 to 19 June 
1831. 


3 James Lawrence 


2d. 


Lieut 


" 




1 Thomas Curtis 


1st 


Sergt 


" 


''These officers and non 


2 Thomas Wood 


2d. 


Do. 


" 


commissioned oflicers 


3 Squire Clark, 


3d. 


Do 


" 


are F:ntitled to pay as 


4 John IMcDaniel 


4th 


. Do 


" 


privats in Capt W B 


1 Joshua Wood 


1. Corp. 


" 


Whitesides Company 


2 Joseph H Williams 


2 


Do 


" 


from the 13th. to the 


3 Barnabas W. Rhodes 


3 


Do 


" 


19th. June 183 1, from 


4 Thomas W. Uzzle 


4 


Do 




which company this 
. company was taken. 


1 Alexander Covington 


private 


" 




2 Lucian Hoskins 




" 


" 




3 Alexander Forester 




" 


" 




4 Edward Jurney 




" 


" 




5 Squire Whisinhunt 




" 


" 




6 John McDaniel 




" 


" 




7 Isaao Furguson 




" 


" 




8 Joshua Jentry 




" 


" 




9 John W. Jentry 




u 


" 




10 Emerier Haney 




u 


" 




11 Joseph Meeds 




" 


" 




12 Wesley Brown 




" 


" 




13 Thomas P. Hickle 




" 


" 




14 Thomas Carey 




" 


<( 




15 John Loyd 




" 


u 




16 William Harris 




" 


u 




17 Oliver Beard [?] 




" 


" 




18 WiUiam White 




" 


" 




19 Thomas Reed 




" 


u 




20 Voluntine Van. Hoozer 




" 


a 




21 George W. Jenkins 




" 


" 




22 Wm. 0. Herrington 




" 


« 




23 Purtiman Merry 




" 


" 




24 George W. Merry. 




" 


" 




25 Silas Renfro 




" 


u 




26 James Gibson 




. " 


« 




27 John J. Mobly 




" 


" 




28 Daniel Clark 




" 


" 




29 Hugh A. Pearce 




" 


u 




30 Joseph Nichols 




" 


" 




31 John McCalla 




" 


u 




32 Abram Vickers 




" 


« 




33 William R. Rhodes 




" 


" 




34 John Dabbs 




" 


" 




35 David Starkey 




" 


a 





Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Duncan's Brigade 



105 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 

where 



Remarks 



Jesse Starkey 
George Vickory 
John Armstrong 
John Cox 
Emanuel Head 
[41] John E. Roberts 
[42] William Wood 
[43] James Jones 

44 James Robertson 

45 Elijah Colier 

46 Russell Starkey 



I certify on honor that this Aluster Roll exhibits a true statement of Captain John P. 
Lawrence's Company of the odd Battalion of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brig Genl Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned and that 
the remarks opposite the names of each officer and soldier is accurate and just. 

John P Larance^ Capt Commandant Company 

[NS] I Certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that I 
have this 2 day of July 1831 Mustered and Minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of odd Battallion of a Brigade [of] Mounted Volunteers com- 
manded by Brigadier General Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & ^Mustering Officer 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "Part of Voucher 38 
Sett. 16749." The roU is in the handwriting 
of James Semple except for the certificates 
and one column. Omitted from this transcript 
are Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9, which show 
that the company was enrolled by William 
B. Whiteside on June 13, 1831, and that 
all company members were present at the 
muster-out. Names with spelling variations 
in Column 9, the "Names Present" column: 
Pvts. 5, Squire Wisinhunt ; 12. Wisley 
Brown; 32, Abraham Vickers ; 35, David 
Starky; 36, Jesse Starky; and 46, Russell 
Starky. 

1 Semple, who was also from Madison 
County and undoubtedly knew the cap- 
tain, entered his name as "Lawrence" 



despite the fact that the signature is 
clearly "Larance." Frank E. Stevens gives 
the captain's name as "John Loraine" (The 
Black Hawk War, 94), and Governor Rey- 
nolds called him "John Laramie" (My Own 
Times, 214). A John Lawrence served in 
the 1832 campaign in several companies 
from Madison County, and a John Lawrence 
was also enrolled in Wheeler's company of 
the Spy Battalion in the 1831 campaign. In 
the late 1830's and 1840's a John P. Law- 
rence was several times an unsuccessful 
candidate for state representative from Madi- 
son County, but no earlier record of a John 
Lawrence has been found; see Theodore C. 
Pease, ed., Illinois Election Returns, 1818- 
1848 (Illinois Historical Collections, XVIII, 
Springfield, 1923), 317, 369, 397. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SOLOMON MILLER 



Muster Roll of Captain Solomon Millers Company of the odd battalion of Mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Major Nathaniel Buckmaster 
employed in the service of the United States by order of the governor and Commander 
in chief of the Militia of Illinois from the 2d. day of June 1831. to 2 July 1831 the day 
of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island 300 MUes distant from the Company 
rendezvous. 



106 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 Solomon Miller 


Captain 


2 John Winstanly 


1st 


-. Lieut 


3 Samuel B. Chandler 


2d. 


, Do 


1 David Angle 


1st 


,. Sergt. 


2 Enock Lucky 


2d 


Do 


3 Robert Higgins 


3d. 


, Do 


4 Stephen Brooks 


4th. Do 


1 David Philips 


1. ' 


Corpl. 


2 William Tate 


2 


Do 


3 Solomon Span 


3 


Do 


4 Isaac Hendricks 


4th. Do 


1 James Petitt 


private 


2 John B. Scott 




" 


3 John A. Blackwell 




" 


4 Samuel Clampett 




" 


5 Thomas Lemming 




" 


6 Hopson Owen 




" 


7 William France 




" 


8 Stephen A. Heartwell 




" 


9 Josiah Owen 




" 


10 Jacob. Holt 




" 


11 Ichabod Higgins 




« 


12 Nathaniel Smith 




" 


13 Amos T. Barker 




" 


14 John Taylor 




" 


15 Aaron Stooky 




" 


16 Akeman Skinner 




" 


17 Garrett McDowel 




" 


18 John Wood 




" 


19 Thomas Skinner 




" 


20 John Krupp. 




" 


21 Thomas Coon 




" 


22 John Smith Senr. 




" 


23 John Smith jr 




" 


24 Lewis Doyle 




" 


25 Daniel B. Smith 




" 


26 Robert A. Land 




" 


27 Samuel Whitesidei 




" 


28 James Davis 




" 


29 Francis Sulivan 




" 


30 Henry L. Null 




" 


31 George McMurtry 




" 


32 Samuel Swaggert 




" 


33 John Philips 




" 


34 John Threllfall 




" 


35 Abner Hern 




" 


36 William Scott 




" 


37 William Demint 




« 


38 Ambrose King 




" 


39 John Stubblefield 




" 


40 William Carr 




" 


41 William M. Brewer 




" 


42 Jonathan Hill 




" 



Appointed Qr. Masr. Sergt. 19th. June 1831 
Joined the Spies 19th. June 1831 

Joined the Spies 19 June 1831. 



Appointed Armourer June 19th. 



Joined the Spies 19th. June 



Joine[d] Spies 19th June 1831. 



Joined Spies 19 June 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Duncan's Brigade 



107 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



William Threllfall 
William Woods 
Joseph Visno 
Jacob. Moore 
Stephen Gardner 
Francis Touchette 
Rodolph WUdy 
[Charles] Higbee 
Ninian W. Edwards 
Caleb. Lacy 
Absolom Miller 



[Appointed] Surgeon 19th June 1831. 

Joined the Spies 19th June 
Sick absent on furlough 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain Solomon 
Millers company of the odd Battallion of the Brigade of mounted volunteers com- 
manded by Brig. Gen. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned, that the 
remarks opposite the name of each officer & soldier are accurate and just. 

Solomon Miller captain Conunanding Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that I 
have this 2d day of July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of the odd battallion of a Brigade of moimted volunteers 
commanded by Brig. Gen. Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspector & mustering officer 



DS, DNA. The body of the roll, except for 
the "Names Present" column, is in the 
handwriting of James Semple. Endorsed: 
"See pa>'ment by Wright made on these rolls, 
in Settlint of July 1833." 

Columns 4 through 7, dealing with enroll- 
ment, the eighth, headed "Pay," and the 
ninth, listing company members present at 
the muster-out, are omitted here. The com- 
pany was enrolled by Captain Miller at Belle- 
ville on June 2. The' eighth column is blank. 
Absentees on July 2 are indicated by the 
"Remarks" above. Pvt. 20, John Krupp, who 
was appointed armorer June 19, was mus- 
tered out with the company. The names of 
two privates are spelled differently in the 
ninth column : No. 18, John Woods, and 



49, Rodolph Wildey. 

1 The Samuel Whiteside who became major 
of the Spy Battalion was first enrolled in 
Erastus Wheeler's Madison County company. 
Wheeler's roU shows that he had transferred 
from MOler's St. Clair County company. Al- 
though the major was a resident of Madison 
County, he could have been in Belleville 
when MUler's company was enrolled and 
joined the company there. Another Samuel 
WTiiteside was a member of Pruitt's com- 
pany, however, and it was probably he, not 
the major, who had transferred from Solo- 
mon IVIiller's St. Clair County company. A 
Samuel Whitesides, whose residence is given 
as St. Clair County, was also a member of 
Miller's 1832 company. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM MOORE 



Muster Roll of Captain William Moores Company of the odd battalion of mounted 
Volunteers of the State of Illinois Commanded by Major Nathaniel Buckmaster, 
employed in the service of the United States by order of the Governor and commander 
in Chief of the Militia of Illinois from the 2d. day of June 1831 to 2 July 1831 the day 
of its disbandment and discharge at Rock Island Three Hundred miles distant from 
the Company rendezvous. 



108 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



1 William Moore 


Ca 


ipt. 


2 Benjamin Chesney 


ls1 


D. Lieut. 


3 WiUiam F. Hill 


2d 


. Lieut. 


1 Aaron Lands 


1. 


Sergeant 


2 WUliam Nicholls 


2 


Do 


3 William Million 


3 


Do 


4 Charles S. Moore 


4 


Do 


1 Walcott A. Strong 


1 < 


C^orporl. 


2 David Young 


2 


Do 


3 Franklin J. Scott 


3 


Do 


4 Samuel GaskUl 


4 


Do 


1 Edward Tracewell 


private 


2 Thomas Lane 




" 


3 Joseph Ogle 




" 


4 Joseph Hipes 




" 


5 Charles Thomas 




" 


6 Jesse Coleman 




" 


7 Lewis Woods 




" 


8 John Wilson 




a 


9 David Enocks 




" 


10 Hiram Brown 




" 


11 Zenas H. Vernor 




" 


12 Abraham Williams 




" 


13 Lewis W. Crane 




" 


14 James Hodge 




" 


15 Joshua Winters^ 




" 


16 WiUiam Russell 




" 


17 William Crocker 




" 


18 John J. Fike 




" 


19 Thomas Reynolds 




" 


20 William D. Mitchell 




" 


21 Eli B. Clemson 




" 


22 Stinson H. Anderson 




" 


23 Richard Bradsby 




" 


24 Grove Seymore 




" 


25 Josiah Briggs 




" 


26 Peter Ma[com ? ] 




" 


27 Elijah Rittenhoiise 




" 


28 John Jackson 




" 


29 Hiram Virgin 




u 


30 Laoni McNabb 




" 


31 John J. Jones 




" 


32 James Russell 




" 


33 George Griffin 




" 


34 John H Russell 




" 


35 Elijah Herring 




" 


36 Undrell B. Galbreath 




" 


37 William Mitchell 




" 


38 Isaac P Russell 




« 


39 Abner Herring 




" 


40 George D. Kinney 




" 



pay due as 3d. Ser[g]t. from 2d. to 18th June 1831. 

& elected Capt. 19th. June 1831. 
pay due as private, elected 1st Lt. 19th June 1831 
from 2d June 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 



2d 


Do 


1st. St. 


Do 


2: 


Do 


3 


Do 



Absent on furlough 
Joined the Spies 19th. June 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Duncan's Brigade 109 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Remarks 



41 James Anderson 

42 Robert Davis 

43 George Macon 

44 Richard Roman 

45 Felix Scott 

46 Thomas Long 
[47] Josep[h Whites]ide 
[48] William G. Brown 



[49] 
[50] 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 



Alfred Brown 
Rene [M. Lacro]ix 
George W. Payne 
William Adams 
John W. Woods 
Lewis Larame 
Ai Fike 

Edmund Basey 
Samuel Enocks 
James Pea 
Louis Manage 



Appointed Surgeons mate 19th June 1831. 

Absent on furlough 

[Absent on furlough] 

[Appointed Paymaster General of detachment] 

June 20th. 1831 



Absent Sick 



attached to the waggons 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true State of Captain William 
Moore Company of the Odd Batalion of the Brigade of mounted Volenteers com- 
manded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan for the period herein mentioned — that the 
remarks set oposite the name of each officer and Soldier are accurate and just and 
that the recapitulation exhibits the true State of the company 

Rock Island July 2nd. 1831 Wm Moore Captain Comdg Company 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll and that I 
have this day [2]nd day July 1831 mustered and minutely inspected for discharge 
the above named company of the Odd Battalion of a Brigade of Mounted Volenteers 
commanded by Brig. Genl. Joseph Duncan 

J Bliss B Maj 3 Inf Inspecter & Musteri[ng Officer] 

[ANS] It is presumed that this Compy was fully organized by the [e]lection of the 
Off & N C Off [on the 19th of] June 1831. 

[J Bliss Ins] & Mustering Off 



DS, DNA. The body of the roll, except for 
the "Names Present" column, is in the 
handwriting of James Semple. Endorsed : 
"See payments made on this roll by Wright, 
in settLm't of July 1833." Illegible portions 
of names and remarks, obscured by mending 
tape, have been siipplied from the roll 
printed in Elliott, 190-91. 

Columns 4 through 9 of the original roll are 
omitted here. Columns 4 through 7, dealing 
with enrollment, show that the company was 
enrolled by Solomon MiUer at Belleville on 



June 2. The eighth column, "Pay," is blank. 
The ninth lists company members present at 
the muster-out. Absent were Pvts. 21, 23, 
44, 46, 47, 48, and 54. James Pea, Pvt. 5S, 
who was "attached to the wagcons," was 
mustered out with the company. The following 
names are spelled differently in the ninth 
column: 1st Sgt, Aaron Land and Pvts. 7, 
Lewis Wood; 11, Zenos H. Vernor; and 40, 
George D. Kenney. 

1 Following Winters's name is the notation: 
"See Sett, 110560 May 14 "89." 



Odd Companies 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM EDMONSTON 

A Muster Roll of Captain William Edmonstons Company of Mounted VoUenteer 
Rangers in the survice of the Uinited States ordered out by the govener and Com- 
mander in Chief of the State of Illinois from the 20th Day of June the Day of its 
Enrolement to the 4th Day of July the Day of its Disbandment and Discharge at 
forte Butler fifty miles from the place of its Enrolement 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolement 
When Whare^ 



Remarks^ 



WUliam Edmonston Captain 

Sham Wilson 1st Liutenant 

William McDonald 2d Lieutenant 

Olaver C Price [Rice?] 1st serjent 



20th June McCombe in survice 



Larkin Ossburn 
Lase Jones 
peter Butler 
Westly pennington 
Steven pennington 
Hamlet purkins 
Amus freeman 
James Tomberlin 
Absolum Carr 
thomas J pennington 
thomas Bridges 
James Vance 
Morgan Jones 
Eli Ossburn 
Joseph Smith 
Abraham Davis 
Solomon Ossburn 
Louis Lethrill 
Joseph Ossburn 

Uriah Cooke 
Hugh Lamaster 
David Clarke 
Asbury Linn 
Charles Shannon 
Joseph McDonald 
Isaac Richison 
george Bell 
Alaxander Lee 
James Lee 



2d serjent 
3d serjent 
4th serjent 
1st Corprell 
2d Corpell 
3d Corprell 
4 Corprell 
private 



private 



Absent on ferlow 
as an Express 
[in service] 



Absent by permit 



Odd Companies 



111 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolement 
When Whare'^ 



Remarks* 



23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 

32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 



Joseph Rena 
Jacob Rena 
Josua Bartlett 
Alaxander Campbell 
peter belew [?] 
Asa Smyth 
paskel Smyth 
Benjamin Tucker 
Riggs pennington 

Seth P Murphy 
William M Davidson 
Joseph Whitman 
Roland simmons 
george simmons 
thomas S subelette 
Willis peckenpaw 
thomas gibson 
Ira Butler 
James Robertson 
Richard H Raglin 
John g haly 
Henry E hayley 
Elijah Davidson 
John E murphy 
Mathew Deane 
John Davidson 
William Whitman 
thomas gibson 
Andrew ossburn 
Robert k Hendricks 
Ezekel Smyth 
Hadu hilton 
William Southwood 



Absent by permit 



private 



June 22d 
[20 or 22?] 



private 
private 



private 



June 26 



June 20th 



Absent by permit 



m survice 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain William 
Edmonston's Company of mounted Volunteer Rangers, for the period herein men- 
tioned[,] that the remarks set opposite the names of each officer, and soldier are accu- 
rate and just. 

I further certify that I have this 4th day of July 1831 mustered and minutely 
inspected for discharge the above Company, which was called into the service of the 
United States, by order of the Governor and Commander in Chief of the State of 
Illinois, as a Company of Rangers to protect the frontiers of this state from Peoria 
to the Mississippi River 

William Edmonston Commanding Officer & Inspector and 
Mustering officer by command of Maj Gen'l Gaines. 



ADS, DNA. Columns 6 and 7, omitted here, 
show that the company was enrolled by the 
captain and that all were present at the 
muster-out — even those marked absent. 

A penciled notation on the back of the roll 
reads' "Lot got by Genl. [Joseph] Duncan — 
14th Deer. 1831." 



1 The company was enrolled at Macomb in 
McDonough County and discharged at Fort 
Butler in Warren County. In addition to 
men from these two counties, the company 
also included a number from Knox County. 

2 Presumably all men not listed as absent 
were at the muster-out. 



112 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES FERGUSON 

The following is a correct Muster Roll of Capt James Furgison's company of 
Volunteer Infantry Militia, called into the service of the United States by order of 
Genl E. P. Gaines, for the defence of the Frontier Settlements of the State of Illinois 
on Henderson River, who were stationed at Gums Fort on Henderson River, and who 
were Enrolled on the days opposite the names of the men and mustered out of service 
on the Fourth day of July 1831 at Gums Fort. 



Names 



Date oj place of Time of 
Enrolment Enrolment Service 



Remarks. 



1 James Ferguson Capt. 


18 June 
1831 


Gums Fort. 


16 days. 


2 William McMurtry 1st. Lieut. 


do 


do 


do. 


3 Robert Bell 2nd. Lieutenant 


do 


do 


do. 


4 Charles Hansford 1st. Sargt. 


do 


do 


do 


5 James Goff 2nd. Sargeant 


do 


do 


do 


6 Hugh Ferguson 3rd. Sargeant 


do 


do 


do 


7 Joseph Row 4h. Sargeant 


do 


do 


do 


8 Hardin Hilton 1 Corporal 


do 


do 


do 


9 Daniel Taner 2 Corporal 


do 


do 


do 


10 Turner R Rountree 3rd. cor- 


do 


do 


do 


poral 








11 Thomas M Finch 4 Corporal 


do 


do 


do 


12 Alexander WUliams private 


do 


do 


do 


13 John Williams 


do 


do 


7 days left the Service 
26 June 1831. 


14 Peter Bell 


do 


do 


16 days 


15 Thomas C Jenning 


do 


do 


do 


16 James McMurt[r]y 


do 


do 


do 


17 John P Robertson 


do 


do 


do 


18 Elhanan Robertson 


do 


do 


do 


19 Samuel Edgar 


do 


do 


11 do left the Service 
29h. June 1831 


20 Humph[r]y Finch 


do 


do 


16 do 


21 Berry man Jenning 


do 


do 


do 


22 Hiram Parmer 


do 


do 


do 


23 Thomas Finch 


do 


do 


do 


24 A D Swarts 


do 


do 


do 


25 Joseph Huff 


do 


do 


do 


26 James Reynolds 


do 


do 


do 


27 MathewCoy 


do 


do 


do 


28 Benjamin Coy 


do 


do 


do 


29 Urbin Coy 


do 


do 


do 


30 John Norton 


do 


do 


do 


31 Solomon DavLs 


do 


do 


do 


32 Jesse Gumm 


do 


do 


do 


33 William Lewis 


do 


do 


do 


34 Jeremiah Lewis 


do 


do 


do 


35 Jeremiah McFarting [sic] 


do 


do 


do 


36 James McFarling 


do 


do 


do 


37 Solomon Denham 


do 


do 


do 


38 David Morrison 


do 


do 


do 


39 Samuel Jones 


do 


do 


do 



Odd Companies 



Names 



113 



Date of place of Time of 
Enrolment Enrolment Service Remarks. 



40 William Hilton 


do 


do 


do 


41 John Miles 


do 


do 


do 


42 Harmon Brown 


do 


do 


do 


43 John D Rountree 


do 


do 


do 


44 Benjamin Brown 


do 


do 


do 


45 William H Bell 


do 


do 


do 


46 John McMurtry 


do 


do 


do 


47 John B Gum 


do 


do 


do 


48 John Montgomery 


do 


do 


do 


49 James G Finch 


do 


do 


do 


50 Obadiah Fuqua 


do 


do 


do 


51 Nathaniel R Finch 


do 


do 


do 


52 Jesse Atkinson 


do 


do 


do 


53 Calvin Glass 


do 


do 


do 



I do hereby certify upon Honor that the foregoing is a correct Muster Roll of the 
company under my command, and that the dates and remarks opposite each name 
are true and correct, Given under my hand at Gums Fort this 4h. day of July 1831. 

James Ferguson Captain 

and inspecting and mustering Officer by command of Majr Gnl. Gains. 

Duplicates. 



DS, DNA. The body of the roll is in the 
handwriting of William Thomas. Endorsed: 
"Vou 4 Wright 18178." The fourth column, 
headed "Names of those present at the time 
of mustering out of Service" and omitted 



from this transcript, lists all company mem- 
ber.s as present. The names of two men are 
spelled differently: Nos. 7 and 20 are gives 
Joseph Rowe and Humphry Finch. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN BENJAMIN F. PIKE 

Muster Roll of Captain Benjn. F Pikes Company of Volunteer Militia (Rock River 
Rangers) Enrolled at Fort Armstrong Illinois by virtue of Department order (No. 26 
of 1831) of Major General E P Gaines for the service of the United states Commanded 
by Bvt. Major John Bliss from the 16th. June 1831 when Last Mustered to the day 
of its disbandment & discharge from service on the 2nd. July 1831 



No 


Names 
Privates in alpha- 
betical order 


Rank 


Enrollment 
Date of 


Remarks 


1 


Benjamin F Pike 


Captain 


oth. June 1831 


Ten Rations drawn, lost 
one one Rifle screw driver 
& wiper 


2 


John W Spencer 


1' Lieutenant 


5th. June 1831 


Eighty two rations drawn 
lost one Rifle screw driver 


3 


Griffith Awbrey 


2 Lieutenant 


5th. June 1831 


lost one Rifle screw driver 


1 


James Haskell 


Sergeant 


5th. June 1831 


lost one Rifle screw driver 


2 


Leonard Bryant 


" 


5th. June 1831 




3 


Edward Corbin 


" 


5th. June 1831 


lost one Rifle screw driver 


1 


Charles French 


Corporal 


5th. June 1831 





114 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



Names 
Privates in alpha- 
betical order 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Date of 



Remarks 



2 Charles Case 

3 Benjamin Goble 

4 Henry Remsen 

1 Allen Archibald 

2 Brashar William T 

3 Bane John 

4 Bartlett Michael 

5 Been Joseph 

6 Case Jonah H. 

7 Danforth Joseph 

8 Davis Thomas 

9 Dance Russell 

10 Frith Isaiah 

11 Gardner Thomas 

12 Harlan George W. 

13 Hubbard Thomas 

14 Hubbard Goodridge 

15 Henderson Cyrus 

16 Johnson Moses 

17 Kinney John W. 

18 Kinney Samuel 

19 Leek Coonrod 

20 Levit Thomas 

21 McNiel Henry 

22 Miller George 

23 McGee Gentry 

24 Noble Amos C. 

25 Syms, Thomas 

26 Syms, Robert 

27 Sams, William F 

28 Stringfield sevier 

29 Thompson Joel 

30 Varner Edward 

31 Vandruff Joshua 

32 Vandruff Samuel 

33 Vandruff Henry 

34 Wells Levi 

35 Wells George 

36 Wells Joel (Senr.) 

37 Wells Joel (Junr) 

38 Wells Huntington 

39 Wells John 

40 Wells Samuel 

41 Wells Rennah 

42 Wells Asaph 



Privates 



5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 
5th. June 1831 



lost one Rifle screw driver 
Sick 



lost one Rifle screw driver 



lost one Rifle screw driver 

lost one Bayonet & screw 
driver 

lost one Rifle screw driver 



lost one Rifle screw driver 
& wiper 



lost one Rifle screw driver 
Discharged the 28th. June 
1831 



lost one Rifle screw driver 
& wiper 



lost one wiper 



lost one wiper, 
lost one Rifle screw driver 
lost one Rifle screw driver 
lost one wiper Absent with- 
out leave 
lost one Rifle screw driver 



Sick 

lost one Rifle screw dri[ver] 



Lost one Rifle screw driver 
Discharged 28h June 1831 



Odd Companies 



115 



No. Names 

Privates in alpha- 
betical order 



Rank 



Enrollmeyit 
Date of 



Remarks 



Wells Eri 
Wells Ira 
Hults Uriah S. 
Smith Martin W 
Vannetta Gasham 
Vannetta Benjamin 
Thomas Arthur 
Templin Thomas 
Curry, Hiram M 



5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 

5th. June 1831 

17th. June 1831 

17th. June 1831 

26th. June 1831 

26th. June 1831 

26th. June 1831 



Absent without Leave 



Absent with Le[ave] 



Recapitulation 




a 

03 

"3 

.2 


a 
S 

.2 


1 
1 


1 

a 


3 


1 


3 
e2 


Oj 


Present for Duty, 


1 


1 


1 


3 


3 




46 


52 


55 


Sick 










1 




1 


2 


2 


on detached service 




















Absent With Leave 














1 


1 


1 


Without Leave 














1 


1 


1 





















Strength Present and 
Absent 


1 


1 


1 


3 


4 




49 


56 


59 


Discharged 














2. 


2 


2. 
















51. 


58. 


61. 



I Certify on honor that This Muster Roll Exhibits the true state of Captain Benjam[in] 
F. Pikes Company of (Rock River Rangers) of Volunteer Militia for the Period herein 
Mentioned— That the Remarks set oposite the name of Each officer and P[rivate] 
are accurate and Just and that the Recapitulation exhibits in every Particular the 
true state of the company. 



Dated 2nd July 1831 
Station Fort Armstrong (111) 



Benja., F, Pike Capt 
Commanding Company 



116 



PART ONE : Black Haivk Campaign of 1831 



[NS] I Certify on honor that I have Carefully Examined this Muster Roll and That 
I have this Seccond day of July 1831 Mustered and Minutely Inspected the above 
named Company of Volunteer Militia 

J Bliss B Majr 3 Inf Comg Inspector and Mustering officer. 



DS, DNA. Columns 5 through 9 are omitted 
here. Columns 5 through 7 show that the 
company was enrolled by Captain Pike at 
Fort Armstrong. The period of enrollment is 
given as "during Indian disturbances." The 
eighth column, headed "Pay," states after 
each name, "Pay due from enrollment." The 
ninth column lists all but four company 
members present at the muster-out: Pvts. IS, 
Samuel Kinney; 30, Edward Varner; 40, 
Samuel Wells; and 48, Benjamin Vannetta. 
Names with spelling variations in the ninth 
column: 2d Lt. Griffith Awbrey ; 3d Sgt. 
Edward Corbin ; and Pvts. 4, Michael Bart- 
let; and 48, Gashun Vannetta. 

IHi also has a photostat of another roll of 
this company from DNA, signed by Captain 
Pike and Major Bliss on June 16. On that 
day the strength of the company was fifty- 
four. Two men, Charles French and Henry 
Vandruff, were absent without leave; one. 



Goodridge Hubbard, was sick; three, Ben- 
jamin Goble, Thomas Levit, and William F. 
Sams, were on detached service; and the 
following twelve were absent with leave: 
James Haskell, Cyrus Henderson, John W. 
Kinney, Samuel Kinney, Georee Miller, 
Robert Syms, Sevier Stringfield, Joshua 
Vandruff, George Wells, Asaph Wells, Eri 
Wells, Ira Wells. Not included on the June 
16 roll were the last seven men on the roll 
above: Uriah S. Hults, Martin W. Smith, 
Gasham Vannetta, Benjamin Vanatta, Arthur 
Thomas, Thomas Templin, and Hiram M. 
Curry. 

On the June 16 roll, the following names were 
spelled differently: 2d Lt. Griffith Auberry ; 
3d Sgt. Edward Corben ; and Pvts. 2. Wil- 
liam T. Brasier; 12, George W. Harland ; 19, 
Coonrod Leak; 21, Henry McNeil; 25, 
Thomas Simms; and 26, Robert Simms. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ELIJAH WILCOCKSON 

WE, the Subscribers, do acknowledge to have received of Thomas Wright Paymaster 
United States' Army, the sums annexed to our names respectively, being in full of our 
Pay Subsistance Forage, Allowance for Horses &c &c, for the period herein expressed, 
having signed Duplicates hereof. 



NO. 



NAMES. 



RANK. 



COMMENCE- 
MENT 
OF PAY AS 
PER PAY 
ROLLS. 



TIME Pay 

ENDING PAID per BALANCE 

OF PAY. FOR. Month. PAID.' 

Days. Dollars. Dollars. Cents. 



1 Elijah Wilcockson Captain 23 June 1831 To 4 July. 



Servant 
Tho W Clark 

Servant 
Yelverton Peyton 

Servant 
Henry Traber 

Servant 
D. W. Barnes 

Servant 
J L Sharp 
Daniels Waters 
S. Strickland* 
James N Hall 
Jeremiah Farris 



1st Lt. 

2nd Lt. 

Surgeon 

Surgeons 
Mate 

Sergeant 



Corpl. 



12 


40 


39 07' 


12 


5 


7 55 


12 


30 


33 50 


12 


5 


7 55 


12 


25 


30 71 


12 


5 


7 55 


12 


45 


42 61» 


12 


5 


7.55 


12 


40 




12 


5 




12 


8 




12 


8 


12 50 


12 


8 




12 


8 


12 50 


12 


7.33 


12 10 



Odd Companies 



117 







COMMENCE- 










MENT 


TIME Pay 




NO. NAMES. 


RANK. 


OF PAY AS 


ENDING PAID per 


BALANCE 






PER PAY 


OF PA Y. FOR. Month. 


PAID.' 






ROLLS. 


Days. Dollars. 


Dollars. Cents. 



John Miller 
Wm. Phillips 
Wm. Corley 
M. Comstock 
Charles Chien[?] 
Benj Spencer 
Thomas Corry 
J. B. Farris 
Wm L Barker 
Alfred Thatcher 
Andw Fouts 
Enoch Wyler 
Wm. O Spencer 
Riley Rowland 
Aaron Parks 
Wm Spencer 
Hiram Dixon 
Alexr. Freeman 
Harris Putnam 
Nathaniels Jennings 
Thomas Bybee 
James Cordell 
Thos. Cameron 
Richard Dodge 
Abnr Atckerson 
James Eggers 
Wm. Walters 
Peter Prickle^ 
John Backer 
John Fairchilds 
Abner Lang 
H. H. Nicholson 
Isaac Baldridge 
James Rowland 
Edwd Thurman 
Jas. Coleman 
James Ellis 
William Hill 
John Walters 
Henry O HuU 
Bird Ellis 
Thos Waltars 
Ephm Mosely 
William Long 
Landrlne Eggers 
Saml Abbott 
Azel F Ball 
Norman Scovell 
Wm Powell 



Farrier 
private 



12 



6.66 



12 10 
12 10 
12 10 
12 50 

11 74 



11 74 





74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 




74 



11 74 



11 74 
11 74 



118 



PART ONE: Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



NO. 



NAMES. 



46 Daniels Wells 

47 Absm. Maxwell 

48 John Mecan 

49 WmBufforn 

50 Anderson Pigg 

51 James Cameron 



RANK. 



COMMENCE- 












MENT 






TIME 


Pay 




OF PAY AS 


ENDING 


PAID 


per 


BALANCE 


PER PAY 


OF PAY. 


FOR. 


Month. 


PAID.^ 


ROLLS. 






Days. 


Dollars. 


Dollars. Cents. 


a 


« 


« 


" 


« 


11 74 


" " 


" 


" 


" 


" 


11 74 


u « 


« 


« 


« 


« 


11 74 


« « 


« 


" 


" 


« 


11 74 


" " 


" 


" 


" 


" 


11 74 


" " 


" 


" 


" 


" 





$696 37 



CD, DNA. Endorsed: (1) "No. 9 Receipt Roll 
of Capt. Wilcoxons Co. of Illinois Militia 23 
June 4 July 1831 Pay— $696.37." (2) 
"Wright 17538." The second endorsement is 
the voucher account number of Paymaster 
Thomas Wright. 

This company and most of the others which 
served in 1831 were paid in the summer of 
1832. AJtogether, some 40-odd letters in the 
BHW Coll. are concerned with the prob- 
lems involved in arranging for the payment 
of the volunteers. The first step in the pro- 
cedure was sending the muster rolls to the 
Paymaster General in Washington for ap- 
proval. When the requisite funds had been 
appropriated by Congress, the Paymaster 
General had receipt rolls prepared, shipped 
the necessary specie to the military district, 
and assigned a paymaster to the project. 
That paymaster, who was a Regular Army 
officer, published broadsides and advance 
newspaper notices of the dates and places 
for paying the troops (the place of payment 
was generally the seat of the county in which 
the company enrolled). It seems to have been 
common practice for a volunteer officer, and 
sometimes a sutler as well, to accompany 
the paymaster on the circuit. 

The original roll of Wilcockson's company 
has fifteen columns, most of which give de- 
tails of pay allowances. Three of the 
columns omitted above provide space for 
signatures of recipients and witnesses and 
for remarks. Only the officers' names appear 
to be signatures. J. Snively signed as wit- 
ness for all but thirteen of the men ; James 
H. Norfolk signed opposite the names of 
Pvts. 13, 33, and 37 — Hiram Dixon and 
James and Bird Ellis; and there was no 
witness signature after the names of 
ten men: Asel F. Ball, Thomas Walters, 
Ed[war]d Thurman, Abner Long, John 
Barker, William Walters, Thomas Cameron, 
William Spencer, M. Comstock, and Daniel 
Walters. 

The "Remarks" column has five entries. Two 
concern the forage allowance for the surgeon 
and surgeon's mate — see n. 3 below; one 



deals with the travel pay allowance for 
officers' servants ; and two apply to all com- 
pany members. The first of these general re- 
marks states: "80 Miles travelling — say 
5 [the "5" superimposed on "4"] Days." All 
of the company members who have been 
identified were from Fulton County, which 
presumably was the place of enrollment. Al- 
though no company muster rolls have been 
located, an index to Illinois muster rolls in 
DNA identifies the company as a mounted 
mUitia unit at Fort Gum, which was in 
Henderson Township, Knox County. Twenty 
mUes of travel was held equivalent to one 
day's service in figuring pay for officers, and 
since it was not 80 miles from Fulton 
County to Fort Gum, the 4-day allowance 
would have been more nearly accurate, un- 
less the company was also being paid for 
some unexplained travel time before June 23. 
A lined-out comment above this remark 
reads: "letter [?] has 4 days travelling." 

The second general remark is a statement 
signed by the commissioned officers : 

We, and each of us certify upon our honor, 
that we actually hept and employed in serv- 
ice the Horses and servants charged for on 
this Roll, and that we did not during the 
time take or employ as a servant a soldier 
from the line of the militia nor were 
we furnished with Forage for any part of 
the time charged or with subsistence by the 
U. States 

E M Traber 

Thomas W. Clark 

E. Wilcockson Cap[tn?] 

Y Payton LT 

At that time it was Regular Army practice 
to allow pay to officers for servants who were 
frequently left at base when the officers were 
assigned field duty (see Zachary Taylor to 
Thomas S. Jesup, Dec. 4, 1832). Volunteer 
officers apparently were allowed to follow 
the same practice. 

In spite of statements like the above that are 
commonly filed with receipt rolls and that 
give names and descriptions of servants, it 



Odd Companies 



119 



seems highly unlikely that the volunteer 
officers were accompanied by servants when 
they went on active duty. 

One Illinois historian reports that on another 
occasion a volunteer officer named his bar- 
tender as his servant (see Harvey Lee Ross, 
The Early Pioneers and Pioneer Events of 
the State of Illinois . . . [Chicago, 1899], 
29). Frequently the servants listed on certifi- 
cates have the same surnames as the officers' 
and the servants' ages would be appropriate 
for a young son or nephew. 

1 Company members were paid for their 8 
days of service in June at a daily rate based 
on a 30-day month, as follows : captain, 
$1,333; 1st lieutenant, $1.00; 2d lieutenant, 
$.8333; sergeant, $.2666; corporal, $.2444; 
private, $.2222; servant, $.1666; surgeon, 
$1.50; surgeon's mate, $1.2903. 

Pay for 4 days in July was at the following 
daily rates: captain, $1.2903; 1st lieutenant, 
$.9677; 2d lieutenant, $.8064; sergeant, 
$.258; corporal, $.2364; private, $.2148; 
servant, $.1612; surgeon, $1.4511; surgeon's 
mate, $1.2903. 

Every paymaster seemed to follow a slightly 
different formula for figuring base pay. 

In addition to the base pay, privates and 
noncommissioned officers were entitled to a 
travel allowance (figured at the rate of 15 
miles of travel as equivalent to one day's 
base pay for privates), plus $.25 per day 
for rations and forage and $.40 per day for 
the use of their horses and arms. The latter 
two allowances were also paid for the travel 
time, although through an error on the part 
of the pa\Tnasters, the 1831 companies were 
not given $.40 per day for the use of their 
horses and arms during travel time. A sup- 
plementary payment later rectified the error. 
See Joseph Duncan to the electorate of the 
Third District, July 24, 1832. 

The $11.74 for most privates, then, consisted 
of $2.62 base pay for 12 days, $2.32 travel 
allowance (base pay for 5 days travel time 
plus forage and subsistence for 5 days), 
$4.80 for horse and arms for 12 days at 
$.40 per day, and $2.00 for supplying his 



own forage and subsistence for 8 days at 
$.25 per day (presumably the government 
supplied rations for 4 days). 

2 Each commissioned officer was granted the 
following allowances: (a) Base pay for 12 
days, $15.82 in the case of the captain, (b) 
Four rations per day for himself and one 
per day for his servant, at a value of $.20 
per ration. The total pay reflects a deduction 
of $1.60, which was probably the value of 
rations actually drawn — 2 per day for 4 
days; noncommissioned officers and privates 
were also docked their ration and forage 
allowance for 4 days. The captain and lieu- 
tenants were not given the $.12% daily 
forage allowance. The captain's ration allow- 
ance was thus $8.00. (c) Travel pay com- 
puted as base pay for 5 days at the 31-day 
rate, plus 4 rations for 5 days, totaling 
$10.45 for the captain, (d) Allowance ($.40 
dailv) for use of horse and arms for 12 days, 
$4.80. 

The servants' allowance, which the captain 
signed for, included a clothing allowance, 
figured at $2.50 per month, or $.0833 for a 
30-day month and $.0806 for a 31-day 
month. 

3 Following this name in the "Remarks" 
column of the original roll is the statement 
"16$ Forage for 2 Horses." The same re- 
mark follows the name of the surgeon's mate. 

4 Strickland's initial is clearly "S" on the 
roll, but that initial may have been the re- 
sult of a copying error. An Isaac Strickland 
of Fulton County was active in the militia 
there and served in two 1832 companies. 

5 The names of both J. B. Farris and James 
Cordell are entered in the "Signers' Names" 
column, though the entry in the "Balance 
Paid" column is lined out in both cases. The 
total indicates that one or the other was 
paid; which one is not known. J. Snively 
signed as witness beside both names. 

6 This name may have been miscopied from 
Purtle on the mustering-out roll. A Peter 
Purtle of Fulton County served in the 1832 
campaign. 



Part Two 



BLACK HAWK 

CAMPAIGN 

OF 1832 

Muster Rolls 



Staff Officers of the Commander-in-Chief 



COMPOSITE ROLL OF THE STAFFS OF GOVERNOR JOHN 
REYNOLDS, 1832 

Muster Roll of the Governor and Staff of t[he] Illinois Militia in service of the United 
States in the year 1832. 







Period of Service 




Residence & Distance 


Names 


Rank or 






Place of 




Miles 




Commission 


From 


To 


Discharge 


places 


Travel. 


John Reynolds 


Governor &c 


16 AprU 


14 August 


At Rock Islandi 


BellvUle 


280 


Joseph Chadwick 


Aid to do 


do 


27 May 
1832 


Ottoway 


BellviUe 


260 


James T. B. Stapp 


do 


do 


do 


do 


Vandalia 


240 


Vitel Jarrot 


Aid do 


28h. May 


12 June 


Ottoway 


BeUviUe 


260 


MUton K Alexander 


do 


do 


15h. June 
1832 


Ottoway 






Alexander F Grant 


do 


13 June 
1832 


14h August 


At Home 






Benjamin Hickman 


do 


16h. do 


do 


do. 






Vitel Jarrott 


Adjutant 
Genl. 


16 April 


27th May 


Ottoway 


Bellville 


260 


Elijah C Berry 


[do] 


28 May 


12 June 


Ottoway 


Vandalia 


240 


Theophilus W Smith 


do 


13 June 


14 August 


At Home 


Edwardsville 


245 


Enoch C March 


Qr. INIaster 

Gnl 
Pay Master 


16 AprU 


6 October 


x\t Home 






James Tiu-ney 


16 April 


27 May 


Ottoway 


Carrolton 


220 




Gnl. 




1832 








Stephen B Shellody 


do 


28h May 


12 June 
1832 








James Turney 


do 


13 June 


14 Augst 
1832 


Ottoway 


Carrolton, 




Cyrus Edwards 


Major of 
Ordnance 


16 April 


27 May 
1832 


Ottoway 


Edwardsville 


245. 



I certify that the foregoing Roll exhibits a true state of my Staff officers as commander 
in Chief of the Illinois Militia in the service of the United States, that they were 
actually in service of the United States for the periods therein Stated, doing active 
duties of all Kinds required of them, although in some cases they may not have had 
the actual duties to perform which officers of the United States Army of Similar 
commissions might have to perform. 

John Reynolds Gov. and Com. in Chief 111. mil. 

122 



staff Officers of the Commander-in-Chief 



123 



[ANS] Note — The above Muster Roll was made by Major Thomas and when I 
Signed the Same, I did not d[e]ducct to the place of discharge. I was at Rock Island 
on the 14th. Augt. 1832 

25 April 1833. John Reynolds Com. in chief lU. Mil. 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "Wright 2d June 34 
18178." AlthoTigli this roll is not dated, it 
is probably the one which Reynolds sent 
to Paj-master General Towson on Jan, 14, 
1833 (see Reynolds to Towson, Feb. 16, 
1833). Compare with the staff rolls of May 
27 and June 23, 1832, which follow. 

The last column, unheaded, has been omitted. 
Remarks given there follow the names of 
Milton K. Alexander, "Elected Brigadier 
Gen] 16h. June 1832," and Stephen B. 
Shellody [Shelledy], "appt Brigade Major 
of 2 Brigade." The notation, "Paid by 
PayMr. Andrews," follows the names of 
Reynolds, Chadwick, Stapp, Jarrot, Alex- 
ander, Grant, Hickman, and March. 

Staff officers given credit on this roll for 
service during the May 28-June 12 period 
performed few, if any, duties. On June 10 
Vital Jarrot signed an order as adjutant 
general. Alexander and Shelledy were no- 



where near the army then in service ; neither 
were they with Governor Reynolds. 

Reynolds himself left the army on July 10, 
returned to Belleville, and remained in 
southern Illinois until his departure for 
Galena and Rock Island some time after 
the actual hostilities had ceased. Theophilus 
Smith and the Governor's aides, Grant and 
Hickman, left the army with the Governor 
on July 10. 

For more detailed accounts of the service 
and paj-ment of the Governor's staffs, see 
Reynolds to Grant, July 28, 1832; Brant 
to Reynolds, Aug. 6, 1832; Atkinson to 
Reynolds, Oct. 31, 1832; Reynolds to Cass, 
Dec. 6, 1832; Reynolds to Robinson and 
Reynolds to Towson, both of Feb. 16, 1833; 
and Reynolds to Atkinson, April 25, 1833. 

1 Inserted by Reynolds, who struck out the 
original entry, "At Home." 



STAFF OF GOVERNOR JOHN REYNOLDS, MAY 27, 1832 

Rank RoU of the Commander in chief and Staff of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
called into the service of the United States to repel an invasion of the HostUe Sac & 
Fox Indians mustered out of service at the mouth of Fox River on the 27th day of 
May 1832 



Names. 



Rank 



Date of Com- 
mission . 



Distance from 
Residence. 



John Reynolds 
Joseph M. Chadwick 



James T B. Stapp. 



James Turney. 
Vital Jarrot. 
Cyrus Edwards. 



Commander in chief. 

Aid de camp to Conir 
in Chief — Rank as 
Colonel 

Aid de camp to Comr 
in Chief Rank as 
Colonel 

Paymaster General 
Rank as Colonel 

Adjt. General- 
Rank as Colonel 

Quarter Master Gen- 
eral Rank as Colo- 
nel. 



April 16, 1832 
April 16, 1832 



AprU 16, 1832 



April 16, 1832 
AprU 16, 1832 
April 16, 1832 



270 mUes. 
270 miles 



26.5 miles 

230 miles. 
270 mUes. 
250 miles 



124 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



I certify on honor that this Rank Roll exhibits the true state of the Staff of the Com- 
mander in Chief of the Illinois Militia mustered out of service this 27th day of May 
1832 — and that the remarks opposite the names of the officers are accurate & just. 

John Reynolds Com. in chief 111. Mil. 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. The last three columns 
of the original roll, "Time in Service," 
"Names of those present," and "Remarks," 
are omitted here. The "Names present" 
column is identical with the first column 
above; the other two are blank. 

A property roll listing the valuation of the 
arms, accouterments, and horses of the 



Governor's staff is also in the Stevens Coll. 
James Turney and William G. Brown ap- 
praised the property and signed the roll on 
May 5, 1832. On the May 5 roll Vital Jar- 
rott (so spelled) is listed as "Asst Adjt 
Genl." and Reddick Horn as "Chaplain 
Waggon &c." ; all other officers are the 
same. 



STAFF OF GOVERNOR JOHN REYNOLDS, JUNE 23, 1832 

Roll of the Staff of the Commander in chief employed in the service of the united 
States by order of the Governor and commander in chief from the 13th day of June 
1832 to the day of disbandment. 



Names 



Rank 



date of com 



Place oj rendez- 
vous 



John Reynolds 
E C Berry 

Theophilus W Smith 
Enoch C. March 
James Turney 
Price Frovillo [Trovillo] 
[Reuben] Holmes 
Charles Hook^ 
Benjamin T [F] Hickman 
Alexr. F. Grant 



Commander in chief 
Adjutant General 



December 1830 
Dec 1828 



Fort Wilborne 
Foot of the Rap- 
ids of Illinois 



Assistant Adjt Genl June 13th 1832 

Quarter Master General do 

paymaster General do 

assist Qr master Genl do 

Same do 

Same do 

Aid de Camp do 

Same do 



I certify on honor that this roll exhibits the true state and number of the staff of the 
Governor and Commander in chief; and that the remarks set opposite the names of 
the officers are accurate and Just 

Foot of the Rapids of Illinois River June 23rd 1832 

E. C. Berry, Adj't. & Inspector Genl. 



DS, IHi. The last two columns, "Names 
present," and "Remarks," are omitted. The 
"Names present" column is identical with 
the first column above. The only remark 
follows the name of Adj. Gen. Elijah C. 
Berry, "detached on seperate service June 
26th 1832." 

1 Charles Hook has not been identified. The 
name "Charles" is probably an error, for 
Cornelius Hook of Morgan County seems 
to have been the man meant here. Cornelius 
Hook enrolled in Capt. Samuel T. Mathews' 
company of the 1st Regiment, 3d Brigade, 
and, according to the company roll, was 



appointed to the staff of the brigade. His 
name does not appear on the brigade staff 
rolls, however, and it seems safe to assume, 
therefore, that Hook transferred to the Gov- 
ernor's staff rather than to that of a brigade. 
Hook may have been paid directly by the 
U.S. Army's quartermaster department for 
his services in the campaign. If he were 
so paid, this would account for Governor 
Reynolds's having omitted his name from 
the composite roll submitted to Washington 
for approval of payment. Numerous Illinois 
volunteers who left their companies to serve 
in the commissary and quartermaster depart- 
ments do not appear on staff rolls. 



Officers of the First Army, 1832 Campaign, Commanded by Brigadier 
General Samuel Whiteside 



PROPERTY ROLL OF BRIGADE STAFF 

Valuation of the arms acoutrements & horses of Brigadeir General Samuel Whiteside 
& Staff. 





value of 








Names 


arms & 


value of 


Description 


Remarks^ 




accoutrmts 


Horses 


of horses. 




Brigl S Whitescide^ 


65. 


Or Mare 


4 yrs 


100 


N. Buckmaster Brgt Majr. 


50. 


Bey 


Mare. 


125 


Davd prickety Cle[r]k to 


25. 


Brown 


horse. 


85 


the Brgt. 










James Semple aid to Brgt 


75. 


Bay. 


horse 


150 


Generl. 










William E. Starr pay 


60. 


Grey 


horse. 


85 


Mastr to the Brgt. 










William Ross aid to the 


75 


Bey 


horse 


125 


general. 











We Bening chosen to value the above propperty do Cetyfy on honer that the valua- 
tion of the above acutrements & horses is Correct to the best of our Judement given 
under our hands this 5h My 1832. 

James Turney 
William G. Brown 



DS, IHi; Stevens Coll. The heading of the 
roll is in the handwriting of James Semple 
and the remainder in that of Nathaniel Buck- 
master. No other roll of Whiteside's staff 
has been located. 

James Semple's draft of a rank roll of the 
brigade officers lists one staff officer not 
given above — William Thomas, brigade quar- 
termaster. The Semple roll, of ca. May 5, 
1832, foUows. 

1 The column entries were made under the 
wrong headings on the original roll. 



2 The Stevens Coll. also contains the following 
separate appraisal of Whiteside's horse. The 
document is in the handwriting of William 
E. Starr, one of the signers; 

We the undersigned called upon to appraise 
a horse belonging to Genl. Saml. Whiteside 
now in the service of the United States do 
on honor value him at one hundred dollars 
this 24th. day of April 1S32. 

William. E. Starr 
David McMurry 



125 



126 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



RANK ROLL OF FIELD, STAFF, COMPANY, AND PLA- 
TOON OFFICERS, WHITESIDE'S BRIGADE 

[ca. May 5, 1832] 

Rank Roll of the officers of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia 
under the command of Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside 



Date oj Commission Regt. 



Remarks 



Samuel Whiteside Brig Gn. 


Apr. 26th. 


1832 








' 1 Nathl. Buckmaster Brig Mgr. 












5 William E. Starr pay masr. 












[MS torn] William Ross 1st. Aid. 












[MS torn— J]ames Semple 2d. Aid 












6 David Prickett 












' 4 William Thomas Brig Q.M. 












1 Abraham B. Dewitt Col. 


Apr. 29th. 


" 


3d Reg 






2 John Thomas jr Col. 






1st. Rg 






3 Jacob. Fry Col. 






2d. Rgt. 






4 Samuel M. Thompson Col. 






4th. " 






1 James D. Henry Majr of Spies 






Spies 






2 Thomas James Maj odd Batn. 


Apr. 28th. 


" 


Odd. Bat. 






6 William Wetherford Lt. Col. 


Apr. 30th. 


" 


3d. Regt. 






4 Solomon Prewitt " 


Apr. 28th. 


" 


1st. Regt. 






5 Achilles Morris " 


Apr. 30th. 


" 


4th. Regt. 






7 Chas. Gregory " 


Ap. 30th. 


" 


2d. Rgt. 






8 John Starkie Major 


Ap 28th. 1832 


1st. Regt. 






9 Alexander Bell [Beall, maj or] ^ 


Ap 30th. 


" 


3d Regt. 






10 Moses G. Wilson 


Ap 30th. 


" 


4 Regt. 






11 PhUip W. Martin 


Ap. 30th. 


" 


2d. Rgt. 






3 Thomas Long. " 


Ap. 28th. 


" 


od Bat Inft. 






2 Julius L. Barnsback Cap. 


Apr. 24th. 


" 


1st. « [Reg.] 






4 Erastus Wheeler 


18. 


" 


1st. " 






[MS torn] Josiah Little " 


Ap 28th 


" 


1st. " 


Vice Prewit pro. 


[MS torn— John] Tate " 


Ap. 18. 


" 


1st. " 






[Number illegible] 












John Winstanley " 


Ap 18 


" 


1st. " 






6 [?] William Moore " 


Ap. 18 


" 


Ist. " 






21 Gideon Simpson " 


Ap. 28 


" 


1st " 


Vice J 
pro. 


Thomas 


John Demint " 


Ap. 20th. 


« 


Spies 




John Dawson " 


Ap21. 


" 


" 






Thomas Carlin " 


Ap 20th. 


" 


" 






20 Thomas Harrison 


Apr. 28th. 


" 


Odd Bat 






14 Daniel Price " 


Apr. 24 


" 


" 






15 Peter Warren 


Apr. 24th. 


1832 


Odd. B. 






8 John Harris " 


Ap 20th. 1832 


3dR. 






9 Nathaniel Winters " 


Ap21th. 


" 


3dR. 






17 William T. Givens 


Ap25th. 


" 


3dR. 






18 William B. Smith 


Ap. 26th 


" 


3dR. 






25 Benjamin Barney " 


Ap. 28th 


" 


3dR. 






27 Elisha Petty 


Ap. 29th 


" 


3dR. 






10 Levi W. Goodan 


Ap. 21st. 


" 


4th R. 






11 Abraham Lincoln " 


Ap. 21st. 


" 


4R. 







Officers of the First Army 



127 



Date of Commission Regt. 



Remarks 



13 


Samuel Hollingsworth " 




Apr. 23d 


« 


4th R. 


31 


William C. RaUs 




Ap. 30th. 


" 


4th. R. 




Jacob. Eby " 




Ap.28 


" 


Odd B I. 




Japhet A. Ball " 




Ap.28 


" 


" 




Seth Pratt 




Ap.28 


" 


" 


1 


Ryland Ballard 1st. Liut. 


Apl 19th 


" 


IstR. 


4 


John T. Lusk 


" 


Ap 18th 


" 


IstR. 


25 


William Arrendell 


" 


Ap. 28th 


" 


IsR. 


3 


Joshua Hughes 


" 


Ap. 18th. 


" 


1st R. 


5 


Aaron Stookey 


" 


Apl8 


" 


1. R. 


6 


Isaac Griffin 


" 


Ap 18 


" 


IR. 


26 


William S. Thomas 


" 


Ap 28th 


" 


Is. R. 


7 


Jesse W. Mount 


" 


Ap. 20th. 


" 


Spies 


10 


William Pickerill 


" 


Ap. 21st. 




Spies. 


8 


Dempsey Yarborough 


" 


Ap. 20. 




Spies. 


2 


John McAdams 


" 


Ap. 17. 


1832 


2d. R. 


14 


E. L. Pearson 


" 


" 23 


" 


" 


22 


James Allan 


" 


" 25 


" 


" 


33 


Thomas Hill 


" 


« 30 


" 


" 


15 


Christopher Howard 


" 


" 23 


" 


" 


34 


Edward D. Baker 


" 


30 


" 


" 


20 


Jam[e]s Whitlock 


" 


" 25 


" 


" 


24 


James G. Hickman* 


" 


" 27 


" 


" 


9 


William G. Cook [Coop 


]" 


Ap 20th. 


" 


3dR. 


11 


John D. Pensan 


" 


Ap21st 


" 


3d.R. 


21 


Walter Butler 


" 


Ap 25th. 


" 


3dR. 


23 


Starkie R. Powell 


" 


Ap. 26th. 


" 


3dR. 


27 


Israel N. Burt 


" 


Ap. 28th. 


" 


3d.R. 


29 


John Burch 


" 


Ap 29th 


" 


3d Regt. 


12 


John Reed 


" 


Ap 21st. 


" 


4th R. 


13 


Hugh Armstrong 


" 


Ap 21s. 




4th R. 


19 


James Blackburn 


" 


Ap25. 




4th " 


16 


Alexander HoUingworth " 


Ap. 23d 


" 


4th R. 


[MS torn] Archibald Wynn 


" 


Ap 24th. 


" 


OddB. 


[MS torn— William] Williamson " 


Ap. 24th. 


" 


Od.B. 


[MS 


! torn — Edward T.] Morgan " 


Ap. 28th. 


" 


Odd. B. 


1 


Jesse Bartlett 2d. 


Leiut. 


Ap. 18 


" 


1st. R. 




Richard Randle 


" 


Ap. 18th. 


" 


" 




Jacob Swigart 


" 


Ap. 19 


" 


" 




Abraham B. Vandergriff " 


Ap. 18 


" 


" 




David Swear 


" 


Apl8 


" 


" 




A. I. Fike 


" 


Ap. 18th. 




" 




George D. Kinney 


" 


Ap. 18th. 




" 




Abram Starnes 


" 


Ap 20th. 




Spies 




John Hornback 


" 


Ap21. 




Spies. 




George D. Sands' 


" 


Ap 20th 


" 


Spis. 




Jacob Waggoner 


" 


Ap20 


" 


2d.R. 




Absolam Cross [Cress] 


" 


« 27 


" 


" 




Elijah G.Lillard 


" 


« 23 


" 


" 




Thomas Crocker 


" 


« 23 


" 


" 




Matthias L. [S.] Link 


« 


« 30 


" 


" 




Levi Whiteside 


" 


« 30 


" 


" 




Silas Crane 


" 


" 25 


" 


" 



1 

2 

Fo. [?] 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

17 

8 

9 

26 

19 

20 

28 

29 

21 



128 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Date of Commission Regt. 



Remarks 



Jefferson Wetherford " 
John L. Kirkpatrik " 

Thomas Wright 
Lewis Allan " 

John Burch " 

[MS torn— Willie] Islyres. 
William Cantril 
John Brannan " 

Harvey Skiles " 

Jno. Stinnett " 

Robert S. Brown " 

Hiram Trimble " 

Thomas McRoberts " 
3 Benjamin James Cap. 

16 Thomas McDow 

19 Levi D.Boone " 

7 Jerimiah Smith " 

12 William G. Flood 

30 Samuel Smith " 

29 Thomas Chapman " 
28 David Crow 

24 Jacob Ebey Capt. 

23 Japhet A. BaU. 
26 Seth Pratt. 

30 Edward Strane* 1st. Lt. 

31 Alexander D. Cox " 

32 John M. Crabtree " 
Winton McNeale' 2d. Lt. 
John McCormack " 
Joseph Lister " 
James White [Capt.] odd B. 



Ap20th. 


" 3d. Regt. 


10 


Ap. 21st. 


" 3d. R. 


14 


Ap. 25. 


" 3d. R. 


24 


Ap 28th. 


" 3d. R. 


25 


Ap 29th. 


" 3dR. 


27 


Ap 26th. 


3dR. 


23 


Ap. 21st. 


4th. R. 


15 


Apr 21st. 


4th. R. 


16 


Ap. 23d. 


4th R. 


18 


Ap. 25th. 


4th. " 


22 




Odd. B. 


11 




Odd. B. 


12 




OddB. 


13 


Ap 17th. 


2d Regt. 




" 25th. 


" " 




« 27 


u a. 




" 20 


" [2d Regt.] 




" 23 


["] 




" 30 


["] 




" 30 


["] 




« 30 


["] 




Apr. 28th. 


Odd. B. L 





ADf, IHi: Stevens Coll. The entire document 
is in the handwriting of James Semple, who 
prepared many of the orders issued by Gen. 
Samuel Whiteside over the signature of Maj. 
Nathaniel Buckmaster. 

This roll lists thirty-five captains. Three. 
Jacob Ebey, Japhet A. Ball, and Seth Pratt, 
are listed twice. Attached to the brigade 
later were the seven companies of Col. James 
Johnson's 5th Regiment. 

1 The word "major" is represented by ditto 
marks on the original. 

2 James G-. Hiiman of Montgomery County 
was 1st lieutenant of Capt. Levi D. Boone's 
company of the 2d Regiment. 

3 Semple entered this name originally as 
Samms and then changed it to Sands. The 
muster rolls of Capt. Thomas Carlin's com- 
pany of the Spy Battalion give two spellings, 
Samms and Sams. 



4 Semple probably miscopied this name. 
Edward Shain (or Shane) was 1st lieutenant 
of Capt. Jacob Ebey's company. 

5 Winston M. Keal (or Neale) was 2d lieu- 
tenant of Ebey's company. 

6 The only available muster roll of Capt. 
James ^^'^lite■s Hancock County company 
lists the company as part of Maj. Samuel 
Bogart's Odd Battalion, which was not 
formed until June, 1832. The roll does not 
mention the earlier service of the company 
in Whiteside's Brigade, although twenty-one 
of the company's sixty-one members are 
said to have enrolled on April 30. 

Governor Reynolds wrote to Gen. Henry 
Atkinson on May 4 from Yellow Banks (now 
Oquawka, 111.) : "There are here about 
twenty five men from Handcock without 
arms. Please send that number of muskets 
for them to this place before we start." This 
group of men was no doubt White's original 



Officers of the First Army 



129 



company, which apparently was considered 
part of Maj. Thomas James's Odd Battalion 
at this time. On the later service of the 
company, see the company roster. 

The record book of "William Thomas, brigade 



quartermaster (in IHi: BHW Coll.), shows 
that White's company drew supplies on May 
3, and Henry Eddy's report to Governor 
Reynolds, Jan. 1, 1833, in I-A, shows that 
the company drew twelve guns on May 1. 



RANK ROLL OF FIELD AND COMPANY OFFICERS, 
WHITESIDE'S BRIGADE 

Head Quarters, Camp No. 8. Rock River, May 8th. 1832 
General Orders. 



The following rank roll has been made out according to order and will be observed 
by the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers now in the service of the United States: 



Col Abraham B Dewitt 
" John Thomas Jr 
" Jacob Fry 
" Samuel jNI Thompson 

Majr James D Henry 
" Thomas James 

Lt Col Solomon Pruitt 
" " Achilles Morris 
" " William Wetherford 
" " Charles Gregory 

Majr John Starkey 

" Alexander Bell [Beall] 
" Moses G Wilson 
" Philip W Martin 
" Thomas Long 

Capt John Dement 
" Thomas Carlin 
" John Dawson 
" John Tate 
" Julius L Barnsback 
" Benjamin James 
" Erastus Wheeler 
" John Winstanly 
" William Moore 
" Jeremiah Smith 



[Capt. 



Capt 



John Harris 
Nathaniel Winters 
Levi W Goodan 
Abraham Lincoln 
William G Flood 
Samuel HoUingsworth 
Daniel Price 
Peter Warren 
Thomas McDow 
William T Givens 
William B Smith 
Levi D Boone 
Thomas Harrison 
Gideon Simpson 
Josiah Little 
Japhet A Ball 
Jacob Eby 
Benjamin Barney 
Seth Pratt 
Elisha Petty 
David Crow 
Thomas Chapman 
Samuel Smith 
William C Ralls 
James White 



Brigade Major. 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. This roll, in the 
handwriting of David Prickett, was prepared 



for the signature of Nathaniel Buckmaster, 
brigade major, but was never signed. 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

A list of field and staff officers of the 1st Regt in the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
under the command of Brigadier Genl Saml Whitesides Mustered out of the service 
at the mouth of Fox River on the 28" May 1832. 



Namea 


Rank 


Residence 


dist 


John Thomas 


Col 


St Clair 


300 m 


Saml [Solomon] Fruit 


LtCol 


Madison 


275 " 


John Starkey 


Major 


St Clair 


300 " 


A W Snyder 


Adjutant 


" " 




J A BlackweU 


Qr master 


" " 


a u 


Wm G Brown 


pay master 


" " 




Richd Roman 


Surgeon 


" " 


a a 


J M McTyre Cornelius 


Surgeons mate^ 


Monroe 


325 « 


Saml Sybold [Seybold] 


assistant qr ms 


Madison 


275 


Alex Shields 


Serg Major 


" 


a a 



I do hereby certify that the above list exhibits a true statement of the officers therein 
named 

John Thomas Col. 1st. R. 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. The third column, 
omitted here, gives the date of appointment 
as April 28 for all staff members but the 
surgeon's mate, who is said to have been 
appointed May 12. 

The last column, also omitted, has entries 
opposite the names of the colonel and lieu- 
tenant colonel. Thomas, "Entitled to pay as 
Capt from 18 to 28 Apl 1832," was enrolled 



as captain of the company later commanded 
by Gideon Simpson; and Pruitt, "Entitled 
to pay as Capt from 19 to 28 Apl 1832," 
was the original commander of Josiah Lit- 
tell's company. 

1 Dr. William H. Mitchell was probably the 
first surgeon's mate of this staff. See n. 1 
on the roll of Capt. John Winstanley's com- 
pany. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JULIUS L. BARNSBACK 

Muster Roll of Captain Julius L Barnsbacks Company of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volunteers, Commanded, by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into 
the service of the United States at Beardstown Illinois, on the 28th day of april 1832. 
Distant 120 miles from the place of Enrollment. 



130 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



131 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 



When 



Where 



1 


Julius L Barnsback 


Capt 


2 


Ryland Ballard 


1st Lieut 


3 


Jessee Bartlett 


2nd do 


4 


Jacob Kindar 


1st Serg't. 


5 


Mathias Handlan 


2nd do 


6 


Stephen Gaskell 


3rd do 


7 


Henry Armstrong 


4th do 


8 


Rob't Murphy 


1st Corporal 


9 


John E Sharp 


2nd do 


10 


Isham M GUlham 


3rd do 


11 


Isaac McLean 


4th do 


12 


Wm Armstrong 


Private 


13 


David Armstrong 


do 


14 


Martin S Bartlett 


do 


15 


Henry Hart 


do 


16 


Nicholas Bartlett 


do 


17 


Geo' Barnsback 


do 


18 


Austin Bowles 


do 


19 


Stephen Bowles 


do 


20 


Charles Colyer 


do 


21 


Jacob B Cox 


do 


22 


Aaron Ford jr 


do 


23 


Josiah Flinn 


do 


24 


Henry Guthrie 


do 


25 


Wm HamUton 


do 


26 


John F Gillham 


do 


27 


Aaron Hood 


do 


28 


Charles W Johnson 


do 


29 


James Johns 


do 


30 


James Knight 


do 


31 


William Kell 


do 


32 


John Dove 


do 


33 


David Mary 


do 


34 


Wm Ralph 


do 


35 


C. Motley 


do 


36 


Sam'l Seybold 


do 


37 


Lewis. W. Scandland 


do 


38 


Levi Smith 


do 


39 


John A Wall 


do 


40 


David Wall 


do 


41 


Robert B Wicks 


do 


42 


John Hart 


do 


43 


Wm Burge 


do 


44 


James Norman 


do 


45 


John Vanhooser 


Do 


46 


E. C. Smith 


Do 


47 


Robert Page 


Do 


48 


Fauntleroy Day 
James Semple 


Do 



April 18th 1832 Edwardsville 
do do 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits a true state of Captain Julius L 



132 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Barnsback Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that 
the remarks set opposite the names of men are accurate and just 



Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Julius L Barnsback 



Commanding the Company 



[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering OflBcer 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. The body of the 
roll is in the handwriting of John J. Hardin. 
Filing note: "J L Barnsback 1st. Regt." 
The last four columns, omitted here, state 
that the company was enrolled by Captain 
Barnsback for a period of 60 days and that 
all company members were present. The last 
column, headed "Remarks," is blank. 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
mustering-out roll signed at the mouth of 
Fox River on May 28 by Ryland Ballard, 
1st lieutenant commanding the company. This 
roll was made out by James Semple and has 
the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of 
inspection in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. The following remarks appear on 
the May 28 roll: 

1. Julius L. Barnsback, "On furlough from 
18th May." 

2. Ryland Ballard, "In command of the 
Company from 18th. to 28th. May." 

4. Jacob Kinder, "On furlough Sick." 

5. Matias Handlon, "On furlough." 

8. Robert Murphy, "On furlough horse 
hunting." 

9. John E. Sharp, "On furlough." 

12. William Armstrong, "On furlough horse 
hunting." 

13. David Armstrong, "On furlough horse 
hunting." 

14. Martin S. Bartlett, "Elected 1st. Ser- 
geant 22d. May 1832." 

19. Stephen Bowles, "Absent on furlough." 

20. Charles Colver, "Elected 4th. Sergeant 
22d. May 1832. 

21. Jacob B. Cox, "Absent horse hunting." 



22. Aaron Ford, "Absent. Sick." 
29. James Johns, "Absent Sick." 
36. Samuel Seybold, "On furlough Sick 
assistant Qr. Master — appointed 28th. 
AprO." 
44. James Norman, "Absent horse hunting." 
49. James Semple, "Appointed Judge Advo- 
cate 1st. May 1832." Semple is listed 
as present in the company on May 28. 

The heading of the May 28 roll gives the 
distance from the place of the muster-out 
to the place of enrollment as 284 miles. 

The following variations in names appear on 
the May 28 roll: Nos. 3, Jesse Bartlett; 4, 
Jacob Kinder; 5, Matthias Hanlan ; 6, 
Stephen Gaskill; 22, Aaron Ford; 23, Joseph 
Flinn; 33, David W. Merry; 35, Obediah 
C. Motley; 37, Lewis W. Scanland ; 41, 
Robert B. Weeks; and 45, John Van Hoozer. 

A property roll of this company, signed by 
Matias Handlon and Aaron Hood at Beards- 
town, April 27, 1832, is also in IHi: Stevens 
Coll. The following variations in names ap- 
pear on the property roll: Nos. 3, Jesse Bart- 
lett; 4, Jacob J. Kinder; 5, Matthias Hand- 
lin; 6, Stephen W, Gaskell ; 7, Henry L. 
Armstrong; 10, Isham M. Gilham ; 11, Isaac 
Mclain; 14, Martin S. Bartlett; 20, Charles 
Collier; 23, Joseph Flinn; 26, John F. GO- 
ham; 37, Lewis Scanland (Lewis scratched 
out and "John L" written above) ; 41, Robert 
W. Wicks; 47, Robert G. Page; 48, George 
A. Day. James Semple's name is not on the 
property roll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SOLOMON PRUITT 

{Later Josiah LittelVs) 

Muster Roll of Captain Solomon Pruitt's Company of the Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers Commanded by Brigadier General Saml. Whitesides, mustered into the service 
of the United States, at Beardstown, Illinois on the day of April 1832 distant 
110 miles from the place of enrollment. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment. 
When Where 



1 Solomon Pruitt 

2 Josiah Littell 



Captain 
1st Lieut 



AprU 19th 1832 
do 



Edwardsville 

Madison Co 

do 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



133 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment. 
When Where 



3 


Jacob Swigart 


2nd do 


4 


William Arundell 


1st Sergeant 


5 


Joseph T Squire 


2nd do 


6 


James R Wood 


3rd do 


7 


James Sanders 


4th do 


8 


Thomas Akins 


1st Corporal 


9 


John E Hawkins 


2nd Corporal 


10 


John Lawrence 


3rd do 


11 


Isaiah Dunnegan 


4th do 


12 


Martin Jones 


Private 


13 


Solomon Pruitt Jr 


do 


14 


Ben' F Barnett 


do 


15 


Absalom Roberts 


do 


16 


Shadrach Sanders 


do 


17 


Russel Starkey 


do 


18 


James Lenton 


do 


19 


Ehjah Roberts 


do 


20 


Lewis C Lowell 


do 


21 


Stephen Scantland 


do 


22 


Samuel Jobe 


do 


23 


Levi Jobe 


do 


24 


Madison Bridger 


do 


25 


William Lowell 


do 


26 


Elias Rice 


do 


27 


George Jones 


do 


28 


Francis Rose 


do 


29 


Elias Smith 


do 


30 


Jessee Wood 


do 


31 


Meeds A Harris 


do 


32 


Samuel Palmer 


do 


33 


Newton Bassy 


do 


34 


Enoch Chapman 


do 


35 


William Roberts Jr 


do 


36 


Johnathan Rogers 


do 


37 


James Feehan 


do 


38 


Marcus Gillham 


do 


39 


William Davis 


do 


40 


Cyrus Edwards 


do 


41 


Abram [Abel] Moore 


do 


42 


Christopher Stout 


do 


43 


John Solomon 


do 


44 


Sanford Beck 


do 


45 


Joseph Chapman 


do 


46 


Zachariah Barr 


do 


47 


Philip V Walker 


do 


48 


James H Hodges 


do 


49 


William C Cochran 


do 


50 


James Sterret 


do 


51 


Willis Humes 


do 


52 


James Waddle 


do 


53 


John Harkleroad 


do 


54 


Thomas Dickson 


do 



134 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment. 
When Where 



William Eavs 
William Kirkendall 
Thomas Whiteside 
Edward K[e]nyoii 
Vincent Lee 
Josiah R Gillham 



do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



I do certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Solomon 
Pruitts Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day; and that the 
remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just. Signed at Beards- 
town this 28th day of April 1832 Solomon pruitt Commanding the Company. 

fANS] Mustered and countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering officer 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. The body of the 
roll is in the handwriting of John J. Hardin. 
Filing note: "Solomon Pruett, 1st. Regt." The 
last four columns, omitted here, are headed 
"Who by," "Period of time" [of enrollment], 
"Names of those present," and "Remarks." 
The company was enrolled by Pruitt for 60 
days; all members were present on April 28. 
The captain and two lieutenants were elected 
April 19, and the noncommissioned officers, 
April 17. 

A property roll of this company, signed by 
Christopher Stout and Abel Moore at Beards- 
town, April 27, 1832, is also in the Stevens 
Coll. The following eight names are spelled 
differently on that roll: Nos. 4, William 
Arundel; 8, Thomas Akens; 14, Benjamin 
F. Barnet; 36, Jonathan Rodgers ; 41, Abel 
Moore; 52, James Waddell ; 55, William 
Eaves; and 56, William Kuykendall. 

The mustering-out roll, signed at the "Mouth 
of Rock [Fox] River," May 27, 1832, by 
Josiah Littell, is in DNA; IHi has a photo- 
stat. The May 27 roll has Nathaniel Buck- 
master's certificate of inspection (in the 
handwriting of David Prickett). It gives the 
place of enrollment as Milton, Madison 
County, and lists two privates not given on 
the April 28 roll. They are John M. Dunagan 
and William Sails (or Surles, Suels, Juels?). 

Following is a list of names with spelling 
variations or additional remarks as given on 
the May 27 roll: 

1. Solomon Pruitt, "Elected 19h Apl 1832 
Elected Lieut Colonel 28h Apl 1832." 

2. Josiah Littell, "Elected Captn 28h Apl 
1832." 

3. Jacob Swegait, "on Furlough." 

4. Wm. Arundell, "Elected 1st Lieutnt 28h 
Apl 1832." 



Elected 1st Sergeant 
in Furlow 18h May 



5. Joseph Squire, 

28h Apl 1832 

1832." 
7. James Sanders, "Sick and not present." 
9. Jno. E. Hankins. 

Isaiah Dunagan. 

Benjn. F. Barnet. 

Absolum Robberts. 

Shadrick Sanders. 

James Linton, "on permit." 

Elijah Robberts. 



"Sick and not pres- 



Lewis C. Sowell. 
Stephen Scantlin 
ent." 

22. Saml Job. 

23. Levi Job. 

24. Madison Bridges, "on permit." 

25. Wm. Sowell, "detailed to wait on sick." 
30. Jessee Wood, "3d Sergeant 18h May 

1832." 

32. Saml. Palmar. 

33. Newton Basy, "on permit." 

35. Wm. Robberts Junr. 

36. Jonathan Roggers. 

37. James Fien. 

38. Marcus Gillham, "on furlough." 

39. Wm. Davis, "on permit." 
41. Abel More, "on furlough." 
44. Sandford Beck. 

50. James Sterett, "4 Sergeant up to 18h 
May & 1st from that time to the 27h 
1832." 

52. James Waddle, "Sick & on permit." 

55. Wm. Eaves, "On Furlough." 

58. Edward Kenyon, "Sck & on permit." 

59. Vincent Lee, "2d Sergeant 28h Apl. 
1832." 

The heading gives the distance from the 
place of the muster-out to the place of en- 
rollment as 284 miles. 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



135 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM MOORE 

Muster Roll of Capt. William Moore's Company of the Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides mustered out of the 
service of the United States at the Mouth of Fox River on the 28th. of May 1832 
Distant from the place of Enrollment Three Hundred and thirty miles 







Enrollment 




No Names 


Rank 


Where 


Remarks 


1 William Moore 


Captain 


St. Clair 




2 Isaac Griffin 


1st. Leut. 


do 




3 AIFike 


2d. Do 


« 




4 Aaron Land 


1st Sergt. 


« 


Sick absent 


5 Pleasant N Dupee 


2nd Do 


« 




6 Nehimiah McMillion 


3. Do 


" 




7 Elijah Herring 


4th D 


« 




8 John Land 


Is Corpl. 


" 


absent with the sick 


9 Jonathan Crane 


2nd D. 


" 


On Furlough 


10 Jarves M Jackson 


3d. Do 


" 


Absent with leave 


11 George Land 


4th Do 


« 




12 David Angle 


private 


" 


Absent 


13 Julius Alexander 


Do 


" 




14 William G Brown 


" 


" 


Appoint Paymaster to the 
1 Regt.the 28th of April 1832 


15 Benjamin Brooks 


" 


" 




16 John T Baker 


" 


" 




17 William J Cunningham 


« 


" 




18 Benjamin Chesney 


" 


" 




19 WiUiam Campbell 


" 


" 




20 James Cook 


" 


" 




21 WUliamCook 


" 


" 




22 John Edwards 


u 


« 




23 Jessee J Everett 


" 


« 




24 Nathan Fike 


u 


" 




25 Samuel Gaskill 


" 


" 




26 Lorenzo D Jackson 


" 


" 




27 John Johnson 


« 


" 




28 George Hickman 


" 


" 




29 Jonathan Moore 


" 


" 




30 Benjamin M' Daniel 


" 


" 




31 Rene M Lacroix 


" 


" 




32 Jeremiah Pate 


" 


" 




33 Thomas Reynolds 


« 


" 




34 Charles Taylor 


" 


" 




35 Edward Tracewell 


" 


" 




36 Harrison Vodan 


" 


" 




37 William Wright 


« 


" 




38 Henry Ward 


" 


" 




39 Lorenzo D Thompson 


" 


" 




40 John Whitesides 


" 


" 





I do hereby certify on Honour that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of my 



136 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Company of Volunteer Mounted Militia on this date and that the remarks set oppo- 
site their names are accurate and Just 

Wm Moore Capt. 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "Capt 
Moore 1st. Regt." Columns 6. 7, and 8 of 
the original roll are omitted here. The fourth, 
sixth, and seventh state that the company 
was enrolled on April 18 by William Moore 
for 60 days. The eighth indicates the 
presence of company members at the muster- 
out; absentees are shown in the "Remarks" 
column. William G. Brown. No. 14 on this 
roll, was also a member of the regimental 
staff, but he is marked present in the com- 
pany on May 28. IHi also has a duplicate 
of this roll from DXA. The DNA roll has 
the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of in- 
spection in David Prickett's handwriting. 
One name is spelled differently, that of 3d 



Corp. Jarvis M. Jackson. 

A mustering-in roll, signed by Moore and 
made out and countersigned by John J. 
Hardin at Beardstown on April 27, is also 
in IHi: Stevens Coll. The April 27 roll has 
the following variations in names: Nos. 5, 
Pleasant N. DupTiy; 10, Jarvis M. Jackson; 
20, James Cooke; 21, Wm. Cooke; 23, Jesse 
J. Everet; 25, Samuel Gaskell ; 29, Johna- 
tlian Moore ; 40, John Whiteside. 

The company was mustered into service 140 
miles from the place of enrollment, according 
to the heading of the April 27 roll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN THOMAS 

{Later Gideon Simpson'' s) 

Muster Roll of Capt John Thomas Company of 1st Regt commanded by Col John 
Thomas of the Brigade of mounted Volunteer militia from St Clair County Ills com- 
manded bj^ Brigadier General Saml Whitesides Mustered into the Service of the 
united States at Beardstown Ills on the 29" day of April 1832 — 145 miles from the 
place of enrolement 



Names 



Rank 



Enroled 
Where 



Remarks 



Thomas John Capt 

Simpson Gideon 1 Lieut 

Kinney George 2 " 

Thomas Wm. S. 

Woods John W 1 Sarg 

Adams Parker 

Boyce Prettyman 2 Sarg 

Nearen James 3 " 

Bridges Enoch 4 " 

McDonald Jno 1 Co. 

Terry Andrew 2 " 

Ashby Jas H 3 " 

West George 4 " 

Abbot Isaac 

Bird John 

Casterline Jos 

Crocker Abner 

Davis James 

Enochs Saml D 

Furgerson Robt 

Ogle Benjamin 

Span [Sparr ?] Solomon 

Scott Benjamin 



Bellville Elected Col of 1st Regt on 28 Apl 

" Elected Capt on 28 Apl 

" Elected 1 Lieut on 28 Apl 

" on furlow since 19" May 

" Elected 1 sarg since 19 May 



absent without Leave 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



137 



Names 



Rank 



Enroled 
Where 



Remarks 



Scott Chas 
Twiss Wm 
Welker Joseph 
Roman Richd 

Mc Henry Danl 



appointed Surgeon of 1st Regt on 

28 Apl 
Joined the 4 Regt returned 



I do hereby certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of my 
company of Volunteer Mounted Militia on this date and that the remarks set opposite 
their respective names are accurate and just 

Gideon Simpson Capton 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "Capt. 
Thomas' 1st. Regt. Simpson." Four columns 
of the original roll, omitted here, show that 
the company was enrolled by John Thomas 
on April IS for 60 days; all company mem- 
bers are marked present except Abner 
Crocker. The roll is not dated and gives no 
mustering-out information in the heading, but 
the remarks, at least, must have been added 
at the time of the muster-out. 

Another roll in the Stevens Coll. is a copy of 
the above. It differs only in the spelling of 
one name, that of No. 26, given as Jos. 
Walker. 

IHi also has a photostat of the official 
mustering-out roll in DNA, signed by Simp- 
son and bearing the Nathaniel Buckmaster 
certificate of inspection in the handwriting 
of David Prickett. The heading of the DNA 



roll states that the company was "Mustered 
out of the Service of the U.S. at the Mouth 
of Fox River Ills on the 28th. of May 1832 — 
distant 300 miles from the place of En- 
rolement." On the back of the roll is the 
following note signed by Simpson: "Daniel 
McHenry returned & served out his time 
in my Company." 

A property roll made out by Adam W. 
Snyder and signed by Snyder and John A. 
Blackwell, April 29, "l832, is also in IHi: 
Stevens CoU. This roll includes a Levi 
Wildernian not listed on any of the other 
rosters. Names with varying spellings on the 
property roll are as follows: [5] John W. 
Wood, [6] Pritteman Boyce, [12] James 
W. Ashby, [14] Isaac Abbott, [16] Joseph O. 
Casterland, [20] Robert Ferguson, [22] 
Solomon Spar, 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN TATE 

Muster Roll of Captain John Tates company of Independant riflemen of the 1st. 
Regt. of the Mounted Brigade of Volunteers commanded by Brigadier General Samuel 
Whitesides in the service of the United States mustered out of service at mouth of 
Fox River Illinois on the 28th day of May 1832 Distant 330 Miles from the place of 
Enrolment 



No 



N'anies 



Rank 



where 



Remarki 



1 John Tate 



Capt 



2 Joshua Hughes 1th Leiut 

3 Abraham B Vandergreff 2d. " 

4 Jacob Miller 1 Sergt 

5 Joseph Ogle 2 " 

6 William Tate 3 

7 George W Hook 4 " 

8 James Phillips 1th. Corp 

9 Jacob Phillips 2 " 



St Clair 
Bellville 
do " 
do " 



138 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No Names 


Rank 


where 


Remarks 


10 William Wood 


3 « 


« 




11 Mathew Cox 


4 


« 




12 Robert Ashlock 


private 


« 




13 Charles Askins 


do 


" 




14 Peter B Beer 


do 


« 




15 Bon ham Beer 


do 


« 




16 James Blair 


do 


« 




17 James M Charles 


do 


" 




18 John Dunlap 


do 


" 




19 Addison Dingle 


do 


" 




20 Peter Don 


do 


" 




21 G C Edwards 


do 


" 




22 George Glass 


do 


" 




23 Robt Higgins 


do 


" 




24 Ichabod Higgins 


do 


" 


Absent with leave | sick 


25 Christopher Holt 


do 


" 




26 Samuel Hoots 


do 


" 




27 Anthony Hoots 


do 


« 


Absent on furlough 


28 Robert Leach 


do 


" 


absent on Furlough with brother 


29 AH Leach 


do 


" 


absent sick wounded 


30 Jefferson Lyndon 


do 


" 




31 Joseph Lyndon 


do 


" 




32 James McClintock 


do 


" 


absent without Leave 


33 Absalom Miller 


do 


" 




34 John Million 


do 


" 




35 Hobson Owens 


do 


" 




36 Charles Owens 


do 


" 


absent with leave sick 


37 Ellet Owens 


do 


" 




38 WiUiam Phillips 


do 


" 




39 Harbert Patterson 


do 


" 




40 George Peerce 


do 


" 




41 James Power 


do 


" 




42 James Rader 


do 


" 




43 James Sample 


do 


" 




44 Aikaman Skinner 


do 


" 




45 Frans. Sullivan 


do 


" 




46 John Smith 


do 


" 




47 John Starkey 


do 


" 


Elected Major, in first Regmt 



48 Samuel Wood 



do 



28th of April 1832 



I do hereby certify on honor that the above muster Rool certifies a true statement 
of the Company under my Command and that the Remarks opposite their respective 
names are true and just, this 28th. of April [May] 1832 

John Tate Captain 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 7 and 8, 
"period of time" and "present," are blank 
in the original and omitted here. Columns 5 
and 6, also omitted, show that the company 
was enrolled on April 18 by John Tate. 
This roll seems to have been made at the 
mustering-in at Beardstown on April 28 and 
revised, with remarks added, to be used in 



preparing the official mustering-out roll. The 
signature probably is not Tate's. 

IHi has a photostat of the official mustering- 
out roll from DNA with Tate's signature. 
The DNA roll also has the Nathaniel Buck- 
master certificate of inspection in tlie hand- 
writing of David Prickett. There are no 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



139 



additional remarks on the official roll, but 
the following names are spelled differently: 
Nos. 3, Abram B. Vandegrif; 7, Georg W. 
hook; 13, charles Askens; 14, Peter B. bear; 
15, Bone ham Bear; 17, James N. charles; 
19, Atason Dingle; 20, Peter Dun; 23, 
Robert Higgens; 24, Ichabod Higgens; 26, 
Samual Hootes ; 27, Antheny Hootes; 30, 
Jefferson Lynden ; 31, Joseph Lindon; 33, 
Absalem Miller; 35, Hopson Owens; 36, 
Charles Oens ; 37, Ellet Oens; 39, Horbord 
patason; 40, Georg Perce; 41, James powers; 
44, Akeman Skinnor; 45, francos Suillevant; 
48, Samual Wood. 

A mustering-in roll, not signed by Tate but 
countersigned by John J. Hardin at Beards- 



town, April [28], is also in IHi: Stevens 
Coll. This roll contains forty-seven names, 
omitting No. 16, James Blair. The only re- 
mark on the roll follows Captain Tate's 
name: "Elected 18th. April 1832." Names 
on the April 28 roll with different spellings: 
3, A. B. Vandergriff; 20, Peter Dunn; 24, 
I. T. Higgins; 29, Jefferson Lynden; 30, 
Joseph Lynden; 34, Hopson Owens; 37, 
Ellit Owens; 39, Herbert Patterson; 40, 
George Pierce; 42, James Rador; 44, Ack- 
man Skinner; and 45, Francis Sullivan. 

The distance from the place of enrollment to 
the place of mustering-in was left blank in 
the heading. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ERASTUS WHEELER 

Muster Roll of Captain Erastus Wheeler's Compan}^ of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volunteers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the 
service of the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the day of 1832 distant 
125 miles from the place of enrollment 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When 



Where 



1 Erastus Wheeler 

2 John T Lusk 

3 Richard R Randell 

4 Wm. Tindall 

5 Wm. Torrance 

6 John Montgomery 

7 Wm. G Martin 

8 Josiah T Randell 

9 Milton Gingles 

10 Henry H West 

11 Benjamin V Stephenson 

12 Chas. Harrington 

13 Valentine Van Hooser 

14 Thos. Gary 

15 Nathaniel Holman 

16 Saml. McCulloch 

17 Jas. S Gracy 

18 Jas. E McElroy 

19 Ninian E Jom'ney 

20 John Owens 

21 Allen Robinson 

22 John L Walker 

23 Robert McMehan 

24 Alfred Duggin [Dugger] 

25 John Pritchett 

26 Wm. Montgomery 

27 Geo. R Shields 

28 Robert B Pearce 



Captain 
1st. Lieut. 
2nd. Do. 
1st. Sergt. 
2nd. Do. 
3rd. Do. 
4th. Do. 
1st. Corpl. 
2nd. Do. 
3rd. Do. 
4th. Do. 
Private 



Madison Cy. 
18th. April Troy 



140 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When 



Where 



Alexander Shields 
Abel Viles 
Samuel Hamilton 
Hugh E Cochran 
Chas. Stice 
Elijah Yates 
Peter W Randle 
Jesse Steele 
Henry Beers 
Abraham Howard 
Laurin Cleaveland 
Arkansas Powell 
O IVI Adams 
Marquis Lusk 
Joseph Gillespie 
Wm. E Starr 
Ceylon Y Otwill 
John Cason 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain Erastus 
Wheeler's Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that 
the remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just 



Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Erastus Wheeler 



Commanding the Company 



[NS] Mustered and countersigned this 2Sth day of April 1832. 

John J Hardin Inspector and Clustering Officer 



DS, IHi; Stevens Coll. Filing note: "Erastus 
Wheeler 1st. Regt." The last four columns 
of the roll, omitted here, show that the com- 
pany was enrolled by Captain Wheeler for 
60 days ; all company members are marked 
present ; the only remark, opposite the name 
of the captain, states: "Elected 18th. April 
1832." 

A photostat of the inustering-out roll of the 
company, signed by Wheeler at the mouth of 
Fox River, May 28, is also in IHi (original 
in DNA). The May 28 roll bears the certifi- 
cate of inspection of Nathaniel Buckmaster 
in the handwriting of David Prickett. The 
company was mustered out 295 miles from 
the place of enrollment. Remarks on the 
roll are as follows : 

4. Wm. Tindall, "On Furlow." 
13. Valentine Van Hooser, "On Furlow." 
25. John Pritchett, "On Furlow." 
29. Alexander Sliields, "Appointed Sergt. 

Major April 28th. 1832." 
35. Peter W. Randle, "Appointed Surgeons 

Mate in Spy Battalion 26th. April 

1832." 



36. Jesse Steele, "On Furlow." 

44. Wm. E. Starr, "Appointed Brigade Pay- 
master 26 April 1832." 

Names with spelling variations on the May 
28 roll: Kos. 3, 2d Lt. Richard R. Randle; 
5, 2d Sgt. W. Torrence; 8, 1st Corp. Josiah 
T. Randle; 12, Charles Herrington; 14, 
Thos. Carey; 16. Saml. McCullock; 17, Jas. 
T. Gracey; 23, Robert McMahan ; 24, Alfred 
Dugger; 30, Abel Voyles ; 39, Loren Cleave- 
land; 45, Ceylon Y. Otwell. 

A property roll of the company signed by 
"Will. E. Starr," "Alexr Shields," and "Eras- 
tus \\lieeler" at Beardstown, April 26, 1832, 
is also in IHi: Stevens Coll. Spelling varia- 
tions on the propert.v roll: Nos. 3, Richd. R. 
Randle; 4, Wm. Tindal ; 5, Wm. W. Tor- 
rence; 8, Jo. T. Randle; 12, Chas. Herring- 
ton; 17, Jas. T. Gracy; 23, Robert McMa- 
han; 24, Alfred Dugger; 25, John Prichitt; 
39, Lorin Cleveland; 40, Arkansas Powel ; 

45, Ceylon Y. Otwel. 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



141 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN WINSTANLEY 

Muster Roll of Capt John Winstanley's Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volen- 
teers, Commanded by Brigadier Saml Whiteside's, Mustered out of the services of 
the united States at the mouth of Fox River II, on the 28th of May 1832, Distant 
from the place of enrolement Three Hundred & thirty miles 



No 



Names 



Raixk 



Enrolled 
Where 



Remarks 



John Winstandly 
Aron Stookey 
David Swier 
Thomas H Kimber 
Jos McAdams 
James W McMurtry 
George Higgins 
Narcisse Pencinnaud 
Joseph McMertry 
Jam[e]s Grigeory 
George P Dykes 

Thom[a]s McBride 
Thoms Brumley 
Elijah A Hendricks 
Alex Barthume 
John B Decoto 
Vital Jarrot 
Saml Smith 
Thomas Coon 
Watson Hughes 
Wm. B IMacomson 
Jarrot Leaird 
Valentine Smith 
Jacob Q Eastwood 
Lawrent Penceneaw 
Gilla Walker 
Thomas Long 
Phillip Teter 
Joseph Carr 
John Woods 
David Roach 
James Carr 
Bayley Brock 
Louis Pincineau 
Louis LeCompte 
Joseph Whitesides 
Adam W. Snyder 



38 Wm. Orr 

39 Rodolph WUde 

40 John Stublefield 



Capt 
1st Leut 
2nd Leut 
1st Sergt 
2. do 
3d do. 
4Serj 

1 Corp 

2 Corp 

3 Corp 

4 Corp 
pr[i]vates 



St Clair 
County 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 



do 
do 

absent Sick 
absent with leave 

absent with leave 



absent with Leave 
absent Sick 



Interpreter 
absent with leave 
Do 

Do 



29 of April Apointed Adjutant 
of 1st. Regmt 



Apointed armorer of 1st Regi- 
ment April 29th. 1832. ab- 
sent sick 



142 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolled 
Where 



Remarks 



41 Francis Jarrott 

42 Wm. Mitchell 

43 Peter Menard^ 

44 Louis Wemet' 

45 John A Blackwell 

46 Ambrose Meeker* 

47 Richd. Hay 

48 Soln. Teter 



Apointed Surgeons mate 29th 
of Ap 

Interpretor 29th. 1832 
Appointed Quartermaster 
29th. Apl 



I do herby certify that . . according to the best of my knowledge that this muster 
Roll exhibits a true statement of my company of Volunteer mounted Malitia on th[i]s 
date and that the Remarks Opposite their names are correct & Just. 

John Winstanley Captn 



ADS, IHi: Stevens Coll. The first twenty- 
eight names on the roll appear to have been 
written by at least two, perhaps three, differ- 
ent persons. The remainder of the roll is 
in Winstanley's handwriting. Filing note: 
"Capt. Winstanly 1st. Regt." Columns 7 
and 8, omitted here, are headed "Period of 
Time" and "Names of those present." The 
company was enrolled for 60 days. The 
"Names present" column is blank except for 
guidelines to the "Remarks." The fifth and 
sixth columns, also omitted, show that the 
company was enrolled by the captain on 
AprU 18, 1832. 

The official mustering-out roll in DNA (IHi 
has photostat) was also made out and signed 
by Winstanley and has the Nathaniel Buck- 
master certificate of inspection in the hand- 
writing of David Prickett. No additional 
remarks are on the DNA roll, but the follow- 
ing names are spelled differently: Nos. 1, 
John Winstanley; 8, Narcisse Pincinneau; 
9, Joseph McMurtry; 10, James R. Grigeory; 
13, Thomas Brumly; 15, Alexis Barthume; 
16, Jno. Baptise Decoto; 25, Laurent Pin- 
cinneau; 28, Phillip Tetter; 36, Joseph 
Whiteside; 39, Rodolph Wildy (or Wildey) ; 
41, Francis Jarrot. 

A mustering-in roll made out and signed by 
John J. Hardin at Beardstown, April 29, 
1832, is also in IHi: Stevens Coll. The fol- 
lowing spelling variations are given on that 
roll: 1, John Winstanley; 2, Aaron Stookey; 
8, Narcisse Pensonneau ; 9, Joseph Mc- 
Murtry; 10, James Gregory; 11, George P. 
Dikes; 12, Thomas W. McBride; 15, Alexis 
Bartome; 16, John B. De Coto; 17, Vital 
Jarrott; 22, Jarret Laird; 24, Jacob J East- 
wood; 25, Laurent Pensoneau; 28, Philip 
Teter; 34, Louis Pinsoneau; 35, Louis Le- 
Compt; 36, Joseph Whiteside; 37, Adam W. 
Snider; 39, Rodolph Wildey; 40, John Stub- 
blefield; 41, Francis Jarrett; 42, WiUiam H. 



Mitchel; 44, Louis Wemmet; and 46, Am- 
brose Meker. 

Mileage from St. Clair County to Beardstown 
is not given on the April 29 roll. 

An unsigned return dated April 18, 1832 
(in IHi: Stevens Coll.), gives only the 
names of company members. Ambrose Meeker, 
Peter Menard, Solomon Teter, and Louis 
Wemet [Ouilmette] are not included in the 
return, and Richard Hay's name has been 
marked out. The following names differ from 
those on the May 28 roll printed above: 1, 
John Winstanly; 8, Narcisse Pensoneau; 9, 
Jos. McMurtry; 10, James Gregory; 11, 
George P. Dikes; 12, Thomas W. McBride; 
15, Alexis Bartome; 16, John B. De Coto; 
17, Vital Jarrott; 25, Laurent Pensoneau; 
26, Gille Walker; 31, David Brock (instead 
of David Roach, as given on the other rolls) ; 
34, Louis Pensoneau; 35, Louis LeCompt; 
37, Adam W. Snider; 39, Rodolph Wildy; 
40, John Stubblefield; 42, William H. Mitchei. 

1 Although Mitchell is not listed as surgeon's 
mate on the staff roll of the 1st Regiment, 
it seems likely that he did serve in that 
capacity from April 28 or 29 until about 
May 4. With the exception of Dr. J. M. 
McTyr Cornelius, who was appointed sur- 
geon's mate May 12, all other 1st Regiment 
staff members are said to have been appointed 
April 28. The mustering-out roll of Capt. 
Thomas Harrison's company, James's Odd 
Battalion, of which Cornelius was originally 
a member, states that he became surgeon's 
mate of the 1st Regiment, transferring out 
of the company on May 9. 

Mitchell probably left the army some time 
after it reached Oquawka the night of May 
3. The Illinois Advocate [Edwardsville] of 
May 8 states, "We learn from Dr. Mitchell, 
that our Volunteers . . . arrived at Hender- 



First Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



143 



son river, on the evening of the third 
inst. . . ." Stories written in such a man- 
ner were usually based on first-hand infor- 
mation. Apparently, then, this news was 
brought by Dr. Mitchell himself. 

2 Menard and Louis Wemet [Ouilmette] did 
not join the company in St. Clair County, 
where it was enrolled April 18. The associa- 
tion of the two men and the continuity of 
their service in later companies provides 
strong circumstantial evidence of their identi- 
ties despite misspellings of their names and 
a confusing number of places of enrollment. 

Peter Menard, or Pierre Menard, Jr., as he 
was sometimes called, was the son of Illinois' 
first lieutenant governor. In the spring of 
1832 he was at Peoria, where he was serv- 
ing as Indian subagent. Louis Oiiilmette has 
been identified by Frank E. Stevens as a 
French trader familiar with the Peoria-Dixon 
area {Trans. ISHS, VII: 171-72). He may 
have been Antoine Ouilmette's son Louis, 
described in Chicago Histori/, Vol. Ill, No. 
5, pp. 138, 141, 142. 

Governor Reynolds sent both Ouilmette and 
Menard, among others, as scouts to the 
Potawatomi on May 12 or 13 (Reynolds, 
My Own Times, 230; Reynolds and White- 
side to Atkinson, May 14, 1832). Both 
Menard and Ouilmette joined Adam Snyder's 



20-day company when Whiteside's Brigade 
was discharged, and both were "on express" 
when that company was mustered into service 
May 28. In the third volunteer force Menard 
and Ouilmette were taken into U.S. service 
as members of Jacob Feaman's Randolph 
County company in the 3d Regiment of the 
3d Brigade. However, when William Gor- 
don's spy company was formed on June 28, 
they transferred to that group. On the roll 
of Gordon's company, the residence of both 
men is given as Peoria. 

3 Louis Ouilmette is probably the correct 
name, although the commonest spellings on 
the muster rolls are variations of the Angli- 
cized "Wilmette." In a few places he is 
given the middle initial "C." He may have 
had the initial, but the capital "O" be- 
ginning "Ouilmette" may have been misread 
and miscopied as the initial "C." For a sum- 
mary of his Black Hawk War service, see n. 
2 above. 

4 Meeker did not enroll in this company 
when it was organized in St. Clair County 
on April 18, but there is no further indica- 
tion as to his residence on any of the muster 
rolls of Winstanley's company. He was un- 
doubtedly the "Ambers M. Meeker" of St. 
Louis, Missouri, who joined Samuel Smith's 
20-day company after the discharge of White- 
side's Brigade. 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff officers of the Second Regiment of the Brigade 
of Mounted Volunteers commanded by Brigadier General Whitesides mustered into 
the Service of the United States at Rushvill on the 30th Aprile 1832 and mustered 
out of the Service at the mouth of Fox River of the Illinois on the 28th. of May 1832 



No. 


Names 


Rank 


[Appointed] Place of Rendezvous 
By whom & distance from resid 


1 
2 
3 
4 


Jacob Fry 
Charles Gregory 
Phillip W. ISIartin 
Elam. S. Freeman 


Colonel 
Lt. Col. 
Major 

Adjt. 


Elected 

Do 

Do 
J Reynolds 
Gov. 

Same 

Same 


Green county. 230 miles. 

Do. 
Adams County distance 250 miles 
Adams County, distance 250 miles 


5 
6 

7 

8 

9 

10 


E L. R. Wheelock 
Hiram C Bennett 
William H Delaney 
John F Foster 
Calvert Roberts 
James Durley 


Pay master 
Qur. Master 
Sm-geon 
S. Mate 
Sergt jMajor 
Qur. Master 
Sergt 


Do. Do. 250 miles 
Montgomery County 
Green County 230 
Morgan County 195 
Bond County 250 
Bond County 250 



I hereby certify that the above Roll exibit the true state of the Field and Staff 
officers of the 2nd. Regiment of Momited Volunteers lllnois Militia on this day and 
that the remark Set opposite the nanes of each officer are accurate and just. Signed 
at the Mouth of Fox River Illinois On the 28th. of .Alay 1832. 

Jacob Fry Col. Comd. 2nd 
Regt. Illinois Moimted Volunteers 

Signed and Countersigned at Mouth of Fox River of Illinois :May 28th. 1832 
(Signed Duplicates) 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 4, 6, and 
a are omitted here. The fourth column. 
"When appointed," shows that all staff 
members except the quartermaster sergeant 
assumed their duties April 30. The sixth 
column, "Period [of enrollment]," is blank. 
The eighth, "Remarks," shows the first 
seven staff members present. No entries were 
made for Roberts and Durley. The only re- 
mark in the column follows the name of 
Foster: "on Command by Exchange with 
Dr Layton [Jonathan Leighton] at Rock 



Island, and Surgeon Mate Layton present 
tit for duty, in his place." 

IHi also has a photostat of the ofScial mus- 
tering-out roll from DNA. It also is signed 
by Fry and bears the note, "Signed Dupli- 
cates." The DNA roll has the Nathaniel 
Buckmaster certificate of inspection in the 
hand-^vriting of David Prickett. Notations 
on the DNA roll which do not appear above 
give the original enrollment dates of all 
staff officers except Foster. Pry and Gregory 



144 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



145 



were captains from April 20; Freeman and 
Wheelock, privates from April 23; Bennett 
and Delany [Dulaney], privates from April 
20 ; Roberts and Durley, privates from April 



17. The following three names are spelled 

differently on the DNA roll: Philip W. 

Martin, William H. Delany, and Calvit 
Roberts, 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN LEVI D. BOONE 

Muster Roll of Captain Levi D. Boone Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, Mustered into the Service of 
the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the 26th day of April 1832 distant Ninety 
miles from the place of enrollment. 









Enrollment 


No. Names 


' 


Rank 


Where 


1 Levi D. Boone 


Captain 


Montgomery 


2 James G Human 


1st Lieut 


« 


3 Absalom Cress 


2nd. Do 


" 


4 Hiram C Bennett 


Qr 


Master 


u 


5 C B Blockburger 


1st 


Sergt. 


« 


6 Michael H Walker 


2 


" 


« 


7 Israel Fogleman 


3 


" 


« 


8 Wm. McDavid 


4 


" 


« 


9 John Prater 


1 Corpl. 


« 


10 Alexander T Williams 


2 


" 


" 


11 Cleaveland S Coffee 


3 


" 


« 


12 Newton Street 


4 


« 


a 


13 George D Duff 


Privates 


tt 


14 William D Shirley 




" 


"■ 


15 Peter Cress 




" 


a 


16 George E Lutricke 




« 


u 


17 George W Conniers 




u 


" 


18 Artimas H Knapp 




" 


" 


19 James B Williams 




" 


a 


20 John Crabtree 




" 


" 


21 Easton Whitton 




" 


« 


22 Samuel Peacock 




« 


« 


23 Michael Fennin 




« 


« 


24 Robert A Long 




« 


« 


25 Ephraim Killpatrick 




« 


" 


26 Daniel Steele 




" 


« 


27 Thos. JTodd 




« 


" 


28 Johnson Hampton 




« 


« 


29 Stephen Killingsworth 




" 


" 


30 McKenzie Turner 




" 


« 


31 Samuel Ishmaeil 




" 


" 


32 James Brown 




« 


« 


33 Samuel L. Briggs 




u 


" 


34 James Hawkins 




« 


" 


35 Harrison Brown 




u 


" 


36 Benjamin R Williams 




u 


« 


37 ElyRobb 




« 


" 


38 James Young 




" 


" 


39 James M Rutledge 




« 


u 



146 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Where 



40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 



John K McWilliams 
Thos. J Mansfield 
Colbert P Blair 
Curtiss Scribner 
Wm. Mayfield 
Wm. Griffith 
James Gresham 
Benjamin Holbrook 
Wm. Jordan 
Wm. Roberts 
Barnabus Michael 
Joshua Hunt, Waggon 



I certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Levi D 
Boone's Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that 
the remarks set opposite their names are accurate and just. 

Signed at Beardstown this 26th day of April 1832 

Levi. D. Boone Commanding the Company 

[NS] Mustered and countersigned this 26th day of April 1832. 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Colximns 4, 6, 7, 8, 
and 9 are omitted here. They show that the 
company was enrolled by Captain Boone on 
April 20 for 60 days and that all company 
members were present at the mustering-in. 
In Column 9, headed "Remarks," an entry 
opposite the captain's name states, "Elected 
20th. April 1832." 

The mustering-out roll of the company was 
signed by Boone and has the Nathaniel Buck- 
master certificate of inspection in the hand- 
writing of David Prickett; IHi has a photo- 
stat of the DNA original. The heading states 
that Boone's company "of the second 
Regime [n]t commanded by Colo. Jacob Fry 
. . . [was] Mustered out of Service of the 
United States at the Mouth of Pox River 
on the Illinois River on the 28th of May 
1832 Distance from the place of enrolment 
two hundred and ten Miles." The DNA roll 
lists the company members present on May 

28. ITie following six men are omitted: Nos. 
8, William McDavid, "Absent on furlow" ; 

29, Stephen Killingsworth, "Absent on fur- 
low"; 34, James Hawkins; 35, Harrison 
Brown; 36, Benjamin R. Williams, "Dis- 
charged at Bairdstown, 27th April & not 
Hawkins [signed] L. D. Boone"; and 
[51] Joshua Hunt. 

The May 28 roll is poorly written and 
whether all of these men were actually absent 
or merely omitted from the roster cannot be 
known. One other remark on the roll follows 
the name of No. 23, Michael Pennin, "Lost 
a Rifle Gun in the service appraised to 18 
Dollars." One man was "Absent by permis- 
sion to hunt his horse," but it is impossible 



to tell whether this man was Johnson Hamp- 
ton, Thomas J. Todd, Daniel Steele, or 
Ephraim Killpatrick. The following names 
have spelling variations on the DNA roll : 
2, James G. Human and Hunan; 4, H. C. 
Benett; 5, C. B. Blockberger; 7, Israel 
Poogleman and Pogleman; 8, William M. 
David; 11, C. S. Coffey; 14, William D. 
Sherly; 16, George E. Ludwick and George 
E. Lutrick; 17, G. W. Coniers; 18, Artemesa 
H. Knapp and Artema H. Knapp; 23, 
Michael Panin and Penin; 26, Daniel Steel; 

29, Stephen Kilingworth ; 30, McKinsie 
Turner; 31, Sam. Ishmael ; 35, Harison 
Brown; 37, Eli Robb; 43, Curtis Scrivener; 
45, Wm. Griffeth; 46, James Grisham; 50, 
Barnabas Michael. The second variant is 
given in the "Names Present" column. 

On the back of the May 28 roll is the follow- 
ing note signed by Boone: "Williams was 
discharged solely because his horse was lost 
& not for any offence or misconduct." 

A property roll signed by James Young and 
William Jordan at Beardstown, April 25, 
1832, is also in IHi: Stevens Coll. Joshua 
Hunt is not listed on this roll. The following 
names are spelled differently: 1, Levi D. 
Boon; 10, Alexander T. William; 11, Cleav- 
land Coffee; 14, William D. Sherly; 16, 
George E. Lutrick; 17, Georg W. Coniers; 
18, Artimis H. Kapp ; 23, Michael Finin; 
26, Daniel Steel; 29, Stephen Killingworth ; 

30, McKinsey Turner; 31, Samuel Ishmael; 
35, Harison Brown; 37, Eli Robb; 43, 
Curtis Scribener; 45, William Griffeth; 46, 
James Grisham ; 50, Barnabas Micheal. 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



147 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN CHARLES GREGORY 

(Later Thomas Cha'pman^ s) 

Muster Roll of Captain Thomas Chapmans Company of the 2d. Regiment of the 
Brigade of mounted volunteers commanded by Brigadier Gen Saml Whitesides mus- 
tered out of service of the United States at the Mouth of Fox River on the Illinois 
River in the State of Illinois two hundred and fifty miles from the place of Enrollment 
in Greene County on twenty eighth day of May 1832 









Enrollment 






Names of the Men 


Rank 


Where 


[Remarks] 


1 


Thomas Chapman 


Capt. 


White Hall 
Green Co. 


Thomas Chapman was Elected 
Capt. AprU 30th 


2 


Thomas Hill 


1st Lieut. 




Thomas Hill was Elected 1st 
Lieut April 30 1832 


3 


Levi Whiteside 


2d. Lieut 




Levi Whiteside was Elected 2d 
Lieut April 30. do 


4 


Sherman Goss 


IstSerjant 




Sherman Goss appointed 1st 
sergt. April 30 


5 


Isaac Moore 


2d. Serjant 


" 


Appointed April 20th. 


6 


Henry Philhps 


3d do 


" 


do AprU 30th. 


7 


Aaron Hart 


4th. do 


" 


do April 30 


8 


Michael Hedrick 


1st Cor. 


« 


do " 20th. 


9 


Samuel M Pinkerton 


2d do 


" 


do " 20. 


10 


John F. Hart 


3d do 


" 


do. " 30th. 


11 


James H Finley 


4th do 
Privates 


" 




12 


Elijah Elmer 


" 


" 




13 


Israel Philips 


" 


" 




14 


Squire Dunn 


" 


" 




15 


William Shelton 


" 


" 




16 


John Duff 


" 


" 


absent on Furlough. 


17 


George J. Elmore 


" 


" 




18 


Robert Welch 


" 


" 




19 


George R.. Elmore 


" 


" 


Absent by Furlough 


20 


James Wood 


" 


" 




21 


Martin Burns 


" 


" 




22 


Laban Wiggins 


" 


« 




23 


Albert Rule 


" 


" 


Absent sick 


24 


Daniel Duff 


« 


« 




25 


Richard Garrison 


" 


" 




26 


Ralph Elmore 


u 


« 




27 


James R. Spencer 


" 


" 


Sick and on furlough 


28 


George Hazlewood 


" 


" 




29 


Wyatt Hazlewood 


" 


" 


^ 


30 


James Gilleland 


" 


" 




31 


William Gilleland 


" 


" 




32 


Charles Gregory who 


commanded this Company from the 20th April was Elected 




Lieut Col. April 30 1832 of the 2 Regiment. 





I certify on honor that this muster roll exibits a true state of Captain Chapmans 
Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia and that the remarks set opposite 
the names of the men are accurate and just 



148 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Mustered out of service this 28th day of May 1832 at the mouth of Fox River 

Mustered out and Countersigned / Thomas Chapman Captain 
this 28th. day of May 1832 \ 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, & that I have 
this 28th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the above 
named company of Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Brig. General Samuel 
Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



ADS, DNA. The entire certificate of inspec- 
tion, including Buckmaster's name, is in 
the handwriting of David Prickett. Columns 
4 and 6, omitted here, show that the com- 
pany was enrolled by Charles Gregory on 
April 20, 1832. 

A mustering-in roll of the company, signed 
by Charles Gregory and countersigned by 
"John J. Hardin, Inspector and Mustering 
Officer," at Beardstown, April 28, is in IHi: 
Stevens Coll. One name on the April 28 roll, 
that of Wesley Hunter, is scratched out with 
the remark, "gone without Leave." Two 
other men on the April 28 roll are not listed 
above. They are George Hardin and James 
McNial, both privates. Two men on the 
mustering-out roll are not listed on the April 
28 roll. They are George Hazlewood and 
WiUiam GiUeland, Nos. 28 and 31 above. 



The April 28 roll lists the following officers: 
Charles Gregory, captain ; Thomas Chapman, 
1st lieutenant; Thomas Hill, 2d lieutenant; 
Levi Whiteside, 1st sergeant; Isaac Moore, 
2d sergeant; Aaron Hart, 3d sergeant; 
Michael Hedrick, 1st corporal; Sam'l Pinker- 
ton, 2d corporal ; and John F. Hart, 3d 
corporal. 

The following names have spelling variations 
on the April 28 roster: Henry Philips, 3d 
sergeant above, and Pvts. 15, Wm, C. 
Shelton; 17, George A. J. Elmore; and 18, 
Robert Welsh. 

The distance from the place of enrollment to 
the place of mustering-in is given as 60 
mUes. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN PHILIP W. MARTIN 

{Later David Crow's) 

Muster Roll of Capt. David Crow's Company of the Brigade of moimted militia 
volunteers commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered out of the 
Service of the United States at the mouth of Fox River on the Illinois on the 28th 
day of May A.D. 1832 — Distant 250 miles from the place of enrolment 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolhnent 
Where 



Remarks 



David Crow 
Christopher Howard 
Elijah G Lillard 
Jno: Crawford 
George Campbell 
Jno: F Battell 
James Crawford 
Daniel Hurty 
Coleman Talbut 
Jno: Fletcher 
Jeremiah Stone 



Capt. 
1st. Lt. 
2nd. Lt. 
ord: Sgt. 
2nd. Sgt. 
3rd. Sgt. 
4 Sgt. 

1 Corpl. 

2 Cor 

3. Cor 

4. Cor 



Quincy 
Do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



Seek, and present 



Furloughed 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



149 







Enrollment 


No. Na7nes 


Rank 


Where 


Remarks 


12 AtwellWorrel 


Private 


do 




13 Stephen Payne 


do 


do 




14 Elisha Smith 


do 


do 




15 Alexander Hillory 


do 


do 




16 Jno: Shepherd 


do 


do 




17 Wm. Mines 


do 


do 




18 Jno: Lewis 


do 


do 




19 James Hatton 


do 


do 




20 Robert Beatty 


do 


do 




21 Clayborn CampbeU 


do 


do 




22 Stedman Smith 


do 


do 




23 Joseph Campbell 


do 


do 




24 Abram Harty 


do 


do 




25 Benj WUliams 


do 


do 


Furloughed lost his horse at Camp 
Dixon 


26 Isaac Crow 


do 


do 




27 Andrew Edwards 


do 


do 




28 Ebenezer Riddle 


do 


do 




29 Jno: Points 


do 


do 


Furloughed 


30 Wm. Southward 


do 


do 




31 Robins McCoy 


do 


do 


Furloughed 


32 David Dunlap 


do 


do 




33 Joseph McCoy 


do 


do 


Furloughed 


34 John Lang 


do 


do 


Furloughed 


35 John Ruddle 


do 


do 


Returned home from Henderson 



River on the 5th of May 1832^ 

I hereby certify that this muster Ptoll exhibits the true state of Capt. David Crows 
company of mounted volunteers of Illinois mUitia on this day, and that the [remar]ks 
set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just. 

Signed at the mouth of Fox River 111 this 28th. day of May A.D. 1832 

David Crow Capt. 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, & that I have this 
28th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the above 
named company of Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



ADS, DNA. Columns 4, 6, and 7 of the 
original roll are omitted here. The fourth 
and sixth columns state that the company 
was enrolled on April 20 by David Crow, 
when, as a matter of fact, it was enrolled by 
its first captain, Philip W. Martin. The 
seventh column and the "Remarks" column 
were not written by Crow, who made out 
the rest of this roll. The man who filled in 
the last two columns was barely literate, and 
almost every name in the seventh column is 
misspelled. The only significant variation is 
that of No. 9, whose name is given Talbert 
instead of Talbot. The Buckmaster certificate 
is entirely in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. 



Two other rolls for this company are in 
IHi: Stevens Coll. One, made out and signed 
on April 23 by "Philip. W. Martin, Captain," 
states that the company was "Mustered into 
the Service of the United States at Rushville 
Illinois on the 23" day of April 1832 distant 
60 miles from the place of enrollment." The 
Orville Hickman Browning Journal (in IHi: 
Stevens Coll.) gives the date of the county 
militia muster at Quincy as April 23. The 
Adams County companies marched from 
Quincy on the 25th, reached Rushville on 
the 27th, and were incorporated into the 2d 
Regiment on the 30th. 

Remarks on the April 23 roll follow the 



150 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



names of Martin, "Promoted to Major 30" 
Apl" ; David Crow, 1st Sgt. on April 23, 
"Promoted to Capt 30" Apl" ; and Pvt. E. 
L. R. Wheelock, not listed on the roll above, 
"Promoted to Pay Master 2nd Regt 30" 
Apl 1832." 

The sergeants on April 23 were Crow, 1st; 
John Crawford, 2d; J. F. Battelle, 3d; and 
James Crawford, 4th. George Campbell, who 
later became 2d sergeant, was a private at 
that time. John Fletcher, 3d corporal on 
May 28, was a private on April 23. He 
apparently succeeded John M. Ruddell, who 
was 3d corporal when the company was 
mustered into service but is listed on the 
roll above as a private. 

Names spelled differently on the April 23 
roll: Nos. 6, J. F. BatteEe; 8, Danl Hearty; 
9, Coleman Tolbort; 12, AtweU Worl ; 15, A 
Hillary; 19, J. Hattan ; 20, R. Baty; 24, A. 
Harty; 31, Roberts McCoy; and 35, J. M. 
RuddeU. 



An undated property roll, signed by Elijah 
G. Lillard and James M. Crawford, has these 
spelling variations: 6, John F. Battel; 8, 
Daniel Harty; 9, Coleman Talbort; 12, Awell 
Worl; 13, Stephen O. Pain; 15, Alexander 
Hillery; 17, William Hynes ; 19, James Hat- 
ten; 20, Robert Baty; 21, Claibourn Camp- 
bell; 24, Abraham Harty; and 31, Robins 
McCoy. 

The property roll omits the names of J. M. 
Ruddell, John Points, John Lang, and Joseph 
McCoy but includes Martin and Wheelock, 
giving their staff rank. The only other differ- 
ence is that Jeremiah Stone is listed as 3d 
corporal and John Fletcher as 4th. 

1 The original entry following Ruddell's name 
was "Returned home from Henderson River 
with out permision," but the last three 
words were stricken. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM G. FLOOD 

Muster Roll of Captain William G Floods Company of the Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, Mustered into the 
Service of the United States at Rushville Illinois on the 30th. day of April 1832 
distant 60 miles from the place of enrollment 



No 



Namea 



Rank 



Enrollment 
where who by 



Remarkb 



1 


Wm. G. Flood 


Captain 


2 


Edwd. L Pearson 


1st. Lieutt. 


3 


Thomas Crocker 


2nd. Lieutt. 


4 


Nathan Stringfield 


1st. Sergt. 


5 


Granville Turner 


2nd. Sergt. 


6 


Geo W. Pollard 


3rd. Sergt. 


7 


Saml. E. Pearce 


4th Sergt. 


8 


Rich S Green 


1st. Corpl. 


9 


WilUam Watson 


2nd. do 


10 


Ebza D Park 


3rd. do 


11 


John McDaniel 


4th do 


12 


John Wood 


Privates 


13 


Sanford Burlingham 


" 


14 


Daniel Moore 


" 


15 


David Beebe 


« 


16 


John Shewey 


« 


17 


Lewis Boling 


" 


18 


Hiram Holmes 


a 


19 


Geo Brown 


a 


20 


Hiram Pond 


" 


21 


Jacob Warrick 


u 


22 


Eben'r Turner 


u 



Quincy W. G. Flood 



Ordered to 
Rushville 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigadt 



151 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
where who by Remarks. 



Laurin Ames 
Solomon Streeter 
Washingn. Lightfoot 
Isaac Ferguson 
Lewis M. Smith 
Wiley V Seehorn 
John Doty- 
Andy Malone 
Thos Johnson 
Geo. W. Coxe 
James O Clarke 
John Caldwell 
John Laughland 
Michael Mast 
Wm. Shaw 
Archibald Williams 
James H. Ralston 
Horestes Ames 
Amos Bancroft 
Meredith Allen 
Saml. Parker 
Erastus Beebe 
Simeon Popple 
Benjn. R Wilmot 
O. H. Browning 
John Howard :, 
Wm. Richardson 
Joshua Peirce 
James Thompson 
Wm. Fortune 
Elam S. Freeman 
Henry H Miller 
Thomas Kinney 



on the road 
Quincy 



Adjutant 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain William 
G Floods company of mounted Volunteers of Illinois millitia on this day, and that 
the remarks set oposite the names of the men are accurate and just 

Signed, at Rushville this 30th. day of April 1832 

William G Flood Captain Commanding Comn, 

[ANS] Mustered and countersigned this 30th. day of April 1832. 

N. Buckmaster Brigade Major and mustering officer. 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 4, 7, and 8 
are omitted here. The fourth column shows 
that the company was enrolled April 23. 
Columns 7 and 8, headed "Period of time" 
and "Names of those present," are blank. 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
mustering-out roll signed by Flood on May 
28 at the mouth of Fox River, 250 miles 
from the place of enrollment. The entire 
Buckmaster certificate of inspection on the 



DNA roll is in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. 

Names with spelling variations on the May 
28 roll: 7, Samuel E. Peirce; 15, David 
Beebee; 22, Ebenezer Turner; 23, Loring 
Ames; 26, Isac Furguson ; 33, Jas. 0. Clark; 
35, John W. Laughland; 40, Orestes Ames; 
44, Erastes Beebee; and 54, Henry W. 
Miller. 



152 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



The following remarks are given on the mus- 
tering-out roll : 
4. Nathan Stringfield, "On furlough." 
9. Wm. Watson, "Lost horse On Rock 

River by straying or being stole." 
10. Ebza D. Park, "Sick & absent by leave 

horse strayed or stolen at Rushville." 

ANS — "Ebza D Park's horse recovered 

E. L. Pearson 1st Lieut." 
26. Isaac Ferguson, "alisent on duty." 

32. George W. Coxe, "Horse lost by straying 
or stealing at Yellow banks See note 
at the end." 

33. J. O. Clark, "Horse left at Dixons 
not able to go further." 

37. Wm. Shaw, "Absent by sickness." 

38. Archibald Williams, "Horse lost by 
straj-ing or stealing at Dixons." 

39. James H. Ralston, "Absent on duty." 
48. John Howard, "Sick & absent." 

53. Elam S. Freeman, "Appointed Adjutant 
2nd. Regt. 



5.5. Thomas Kinney, "Sick & Absent, joined 
the Company at Yellow Banks, had no 
horse when he joined." 

An affidavit on the back of the roll signed 
at Quincy on Dec. 24, 1832, by 1st Lt. E. 
L. Pearson and J. H. Ralston, justice of 
tlie peace, reads: "Geo. W. Coxe Archibald 
Williams Horses immediately recovered [se- 
cured ? ] . See remarks in the Muster Roll 
Were [ ? ] intended to have the payment for 
their lost Horses. Coxe subsequently found 
his horse." The affidavit is difficult to read. 

A company property roll, signed by Daniel 
Moore and William Shaw at Yellow Banks, 
May 5, 1832, is also in IHi: Stevens Coll. 
On this roll three names differ in spelling 
from those above: 13, Sanford Burlinghim; 
15, David Beebe; and 44, Erastes Beebee. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN BENJAMIN JAMES 

Muster Roll of Captain Benjamin Jame's Company of the Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers, Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the 
service of the United States at Beardstown Illinois, on the 28th day of April 1832. 
Distant miles from the place of Enrollment. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



Benjamin James 
John McAdams 
Wm. Clouse 
A C McKay 
James Johnson 
Thomas Price 
Ephraim Gilmore 
Elisha Pavne 
David H "Mills 
Amos HoUbrooks 
Jordan Barker 
John W West 
J Elbert Lyles 
James McAdams 
Jesse McAdams 
James Downings 
John Lucas 
Hugh B Gwynn 
Thos. C Gilham 
Sloss McAdams 
Thomas K Hooper 
James D Hooper 
Jonathan Morgan 
Andrew O H P Mills 
Wm. Harland 



Captain 
1st. Lieut. 
2nd. Do 
1st. Sergt. 
2nd. Do 
3rd. Do 
4th. Do 
2nd. Corpl 
1st. Do 
3rd. Do 
4th. Do 
Private 



17th. April 



Bond Cy. 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



153 



No 



Names 



26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 



Robert Glenn 
Francis Gill 
James B Woollard 
Benjamin E Sellers 
Russell B Nicholass 
Felix Johns 
Thos. C Donnell 
James MuUican 
Wm. Cruther 
Jackson O Valentine 
Abraham Anthony 
Elisha Elison 
James Walker 
Josiah R Gilespie 
David Hunter 
James Bradford 
John T Walker 
Noah A Lugg [Sugg] 
Eleazer McClure 
Andrew Ponder 
John M Gilmore 
Calvert Roberts 
Daniel Royer 
Wm. McAdams 
James C Gayler 
James Durley 
Lawrenc H. Robeson 
George Dethrow 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Benjamin 
James Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that the 
remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

B. James Commanding the Company 

[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "Benja- 
min James 2d. Rest." The last four columns 
of the roll are omitted here. Columns 6 and 
7 show that the company was enrolled by 
Captain James for 60 days. Column 8 shows 
that all company members were present, and 
Column 9, headed "Remarks," has the entry 
"Elected 17th. April 1832" after the names 
of all commissioned and noncommissioned 
officers. 

The mustering-out roll in DNA (IHi has 
photostat) was made by two different per- 
sons, one of whom signed the roll for James; 
the signature is not his. The DNA roll 
has the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of 



inspection in the handwTiting of David 
Prickett, signed at the mouth of Fox River 
on May 28. Absentees on that date were 
Nos. 18, Hugh B. Gwynn, "absent on Fur- 
lough — horse drown [ed] in crossing Hender- 
son River"; 47, Calvert Roberts, "Promoted 
to Sergt. Major on 30th April 1832"; 51. 
James Durley, "Promoted to qr master Sergt 
of the 2n[d] Regt on the 30th Apl 1832," 
Other remarks on the May 28 roll follow 
the names of Nos. 6, Thomas Price, "horse 
lost"; 28, James B. Woollard, "appointed 
trumpeter on the 30th April 1832"; 29, 
Benjamin E. Sellers, "Horse lost"; and 
33, James MuMican, "Horse lost." 



154 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Spelling variations on the May 28 roll: 4, 
A. C. Mackey; 5, James Johnston; 7, 
Ephraim M. Gilmore; 8, Elisha Paine; 16, 
James Downing; 25, William Harlin; 28, 
James B. Wolard ; 30, Russel B. Nichless; 
31, Felix Jones; 32, Thomas C. Donel ; 34, 
William Cruthis; 35, Jackson O. Volentine ; 
37, Elisha Ellison; 39, Josiah R. Gillispie; 



43, Noah A. Sugg; 45, Andrew Pender; 50, 
James C. Galer; 52, Lawson H. Robinson; 
53, George Dethero. 

The heading of the roll gives the distance 
from the place of the muster-out to the 
place of enrollment as 250 miles. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN THOMAS McDOW 

Muster Roll of Captain Thos. McDows Company of the Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers Commanded by Brig Genl Samuel Whiteside Mustered out of the Service 
of the United States at the Mouth of Fox River Illinois on the Twenty Seventh day 
of May 1832 distant 250 miles from the place of enrollment 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Where 



Remarks 



1 Thos McDow 


Capt. 


Greene 










County 




2 James Whitlock 


1st Lt. 


" 




3 SUas Crain 


2 


do 


" 


Absent on furlough 


4 Thos Briggs 


1st Sergt 


" 




5 B. F Massey 


2 


« 


" 




6 Jas Burke 


3 


" 


" 


Absent on furlough 


7 Jas Whitehead 


4 


« 


" 




8 Josiah Dunn 


1 


Corpl 






9 Wm Philips 


2 


" 






10 Jas Walden 


3 


" 






11 Willm Swan 


Private 






12 John Dabbs 








Absent on Furlough 


13 Wm. H Rowden 










14 WmHurd 








Absent on Furlough 


15 John Means 










16 Wm. Northam 








Absent on Furlough 


17 John M Jamison 










18 Lew[i]s Morris 










19 James Ferguson 










20 Ben Lofton 








Absent on furlough 


21 Joseph Lakin 










22 Edwd Fleming 










23 Geo W Webb 










24 Thos Clifton 










25 John D Sutton 










26 Squire Clark 








Absent on furlough 


27 Hezekiah Brown 










28 John McCormack 










29 Royall P Green 










30 Robt Latham 










31 Washington Laxton 










32 Lew[i]s Means 










[33 M]atthew Cowan [Cowen ?] 






" 




[34] Alfred Erwin 




" 


" 




[35] Danl Boren 




" 


a 




36 Garrison Medford 




u 


" 


Absent without leave 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



155 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Where 



Remarks 



37 Anderson Thornton 

38 Wm Nairn 

39 Danl Costly 



Absent without leave 
Absent without leave 



I Certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits a true State of Capt Thos McDows 
Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois MUitia on this day and that the remarks 
set opposite the names are accurate and just 

Signed at the Mouth of Fox [River] this 27th day of May 1832 

Thomas McDow 

Mustered out of Service and Countersigned the 27th day of May 1832 

I certify on honor that I have carefully Examined this muster Roll, and that I have 
this 27th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the 
above named company of Mounted Volunteers, commanded by [Brig.] Genl. Samuel 
Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



DS, DNA. The entire Buckmaster certificate 
of inspection is in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. 

Columns 6, 7, and 8, headed "Muster'd out of 
service by," "Period of time," and "Names 
of those Present," are blank in the original 
and omitted here. Column 4, which gives 
the date of enrollment as April 20, is also 
omitted. 

An undated, unsigned roll of this company 
is in IHi: Stevens Coll. The IHi roll lists 
the following five men not on the mustering- 
out roll: 4th Corp. James Means and Pvts. 
Zaharias Cornelius, Aaron Green, William 
R. Smith, and John Radish [Reddish]. Red- 
dish apparently transferred to Carlin's com- 
pany on May 10 at Rock Island. See the 
roll of that company. 

Names with spelling variations on the IHi 
roll: 1st Sgt. Th. G. Briggs ; 2d Sgt. Benja- 
min F. Massey; 3d Sgt. James Burk; 1st 
Corp. Josiah Dawning; 2d Corp. Wm Phil- 
lips; and Pvts. 13, William H. Rawlon ; 
14, Wm. Herd; 17, John M. Jemison; 20, 
Benjamin Lofton; 22, Edward Flemming; 
27, Hesekiah Brown; 29, Royal P. Green; 



38, Wm. Naron; and 



Daniel Costley. 



The IHi roll gives the rank of the com- 
missioned and noncommissioned officers hut 
supplies no other information. 

The receipt roll for this company (IHi has 
photostat from DNA) also lists thirty-nine 
company members. The total pay amounted to 
$1,814.70; the company was paid by 
Timothy Patrick Andrews, and the roll bears 
his account number 17155. William P. Till- 
ton, a sutler, signed as witness to the dis- 
bursements, and some of the recipients' signa- 
tures are in the handwriting of William 
Thomas of Jacksonville, who accompanied 
the paymaster on his circuit. The company 
was estimated to have traveled 250 miles 
from the place of enrollment to the rendez- 
vous, and travel pay was figured on that 
basis. The pay for privates in this company 
averaged $43.18 for service of one month 
and 7 days plus travel time. Steamboat fare 
of $3.50 was deducted from the pay of 
John D. Sutton. 

The officers listed their servants as John 

Loften, 30; Fleming, 25, and David 

Metcalf, 30, all identified as white men. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JEREMIAH SMITH 



Muster Roll of Captain Jeremiah Smith's Company of the Second Regiment Com- 
manded by Col Jacob Fry of the Brgade of mounted volunteers of Illinois Militia 
Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whiteside Mustered out of the service of 
the United States at the mouth of Fox River on the 27th. of May 1832 place of 
organization Whitehall Green County distance 220 Miles. 



156 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 







Enrollment 






No Names 


Rank 


Where 




Remarks 


1 Jeremiah Smith 


Captain 


Green Co. 


Elected 20th. April 1832 


2 James Allen 


1st. Lieut 


" 


Do 


" « « 


3 Jacob Wagner 


2d Liut 


" 


Do 


" « " 


4 Andrew Guest 


1st. Sergt 


" 


Do 


« « « 


o Gregory Doile 


2d Sergt. 


" 


Do 


" " " 


6 Wm. Thompson 


3d Sergt 


" 


Do 


" " " 


7 Peter Thompson 


4th Sergt 


" 


Do 


" " " 


8 Elihu Boowen 


1st Corporal 


" 


Do 


" " " 


9 Hardy .AJlen 


2d Corpl. 


" 


Do 


" " " 


10 George Woods 


3d Corpl. 


" 


do 


On Furlow 


11 Henry H Stubblefield 


4th. Corpl. 


" 


do 




12 James Hodges 


Private 


" 


do 




13 Benjamin Crabtree 


" 


" 






14 David Hon 


" 


" 






15 John Hamilton 


« 


« 


Sick 




16 John G. Campbell 


" 


" 


Sick 




17 William Broom 


" 


" 






18 John Campbell 


" 


" 






19 Jacob Godwin 


" 


u 






20 Horatio Bandy 


" 


" 






21 Beriah Hankins 


" 


« 


On Furlow 


22 James Fisher 


" 


" 






23 Richard Coats 


" 


" 






24 Robert Young 


" 


" 






25 John Baker 


" 


" 






26 Chs Dansworth 


" 


" 






27 Jackson Dollerhite 


" 


« 






28 John Miller 


" 


" 






29 Samuel Munday 


" 


" 






30 Samuel Beeman 


" 


" 


Not appeared since the 








day 


of Enrollment 


31 William Wilhams 


" 








32 Harris Carter 


" 








33 Mordica D Lorton 


" 








34 John Lipincut 


" 




Deserted 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll Exhibits a true State of Captain Jeremiah 
Smiths Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day and that the 
remarks set oposite the names of the respective Men are accurate and Just 

Signed at the mouth of Fox River in the State of Illinois Lasalle County, this 27th 
day of May 1832. 

Jeremiah Smith Commandant of the Company. 



CD, IHi: Stevens CoU. Columns 4, 6. 7, and 
8 are omitted here. They show that the 
company was enrolled on April 20 by Cap- 
tain Smith and that all company members 
were present at the muster-out except those 
whose absence is indicated in the "Remarlcs" 
column. 

IHi also has a photostat of the official mus- 
tering-out rell in DNA. The DNA roll was 



made out and signed by Smith and has the 
Buckmaster certificate of inspection in the 
handwriting of David Prickett. No additional 
information is given on the official roll, and 
onl}- two names vary in spelling, those of 
2d Sgt. Gregory Doil and 1st Corp. Elihu 
Bowen. 

A mustering-in roll, dated at Beardstown, 
April 28, 1832, and signed by Jeremiah 



Second Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



157 



Smith and John J. Hardin, inspector and 
mustering officer, is also in IHi: Stevens 
Coll. According to this roll, the company 
was mustered into service for 60 days and 
60 miles from the place of enrollment. The 
remark "No horse" follows the names of 
Nos. 11, Henrj' Stubblefield ; 15, John Hamil- 
ton; 25, John Baker; and 29, Samuel Mun- 
day. No. 21, Beriah Hankins, is marked 
"sick," The following names vary from those 
given above: 3, Jacob Waggoner; 4, Andrew 
Guess; 5, Gregory Dodd; 8, Elihu Bowen; 
12, James Hadges ; 21, Beriah Hawkins; 
26, Chas. Dunsworth; 27, Jackson Dollen- 
hide; 29, Samuel Monday. 



An undated, unsigned property roll in 
Smith's handwriting (AD in IHi: Stevens 
Coll.) lists the names and property of 
twenty-nine of the above men. Omitted are 
Samuel Munday, Samuel Beeman, William 
Williams, Harris Carter, and John Lipincut. 

The following names are spelled differently 
on the property roll: 3, Jacob Waggoner; 
4, Andrew Guess; 5, Gregory Doil; 8, 
Elihu Bowen; 12, James Hadges; 26, Cha. 
Dunsworth; 27, Jackson Dollenhide; and 33, 
Modica D. Lorton. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JACOB FRY 

{Later Samuel Smith's) 

Muster Roll of Captain Jacob Fry Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the service of 
the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the day of 1832 distant 65 miles 
from the place of enrollment 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



1 


Jacob Fry 


Captain 


2 


Samuel Smith 


1st. 


Lieut 


3 


Edward D Baker 


2nd 


Do 


4 


Mathias S Link 


1st. 


Sergt. 


5 


Frederick Atcheson 


2nd 


Do 


6 


David Miller 


3rd 


Do 


7 


Thos. J Brown 


4th Sergt. 


8 


Martin Rigsby 


1st. 


Corpl. 


9 


John Miller 


2nd 


. Do. 


10 


Abner P Hill 


3rd 


Do. 


11 


David Beeson 


4th 


Do. 


12 


T. A. West 


Private 


13 


Dempsey Powell 






14 


Spencer Thomason 




1 


15 


Ewing Vandiver 






16 


Aaron Smith 




' 


17 


Elisha Nix 






18 


Archibald Lee 






19 


Philip Deeds 






20 


Wm. Thomason 






21 


Joseph Nix 






22 


Henry Emmerson 






23 


George Sanders 




I 


24 


David Milton 






25 


Thos. R Walton 




u 


26 


Lemuel Burton 






27 


James Tucker 




< 


28 


Lemuel Miller 




' 


29 


David Medkif 




M 



20th. April 



CarroUton 
Greene Cy. 



158 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



Wyatt Whittle 
Luther Tunnell 
Wm. TunneU 
David Link 
Harrison Poindexter 
Erving D Brown 
Wm. P Wallace 
Wm. Lee 
Thos. Samuel 
John Hobson 
Squire Wood 
Benjamin Y [T] Scott 
John Piper 
David Stennett 



I certify on honor'that this muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Jacob 
Fry's Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day.'^and that the 
remarks set opposite the names are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Commanding the Company. 

[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 6, 7, 8, 
and 9 of the original roll are omitted here. 
They show that the company was enrolled 
hy Jacob Fry for 60 days and that all com- 
pany members were present. The one entry 
in Column 9, "Remarks," follows Fry's 
name and reads: "Elected 20th. April 1832." 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
mustering-out roll signed on May 27 at the 
mouth of Fox River, 230 miles from the place 
of enrollment. Smith's name is affixed to 
the roll but is probably not a signature. The 
roll has the usual Buckmaster certificate of 
inspection made out by David Prickett and 
is endorsed: "Capt Saml. Smith 2d. Regt." 

The mustering-out roll does not include Pvts. 
42 and 43 above, John Piper and David 
Stennett, but does list the following ten men 
not given on the mustering-in roll: Israel 
Piper; Richard G. Lee; Harvy Crane; 
Nicholas Campbell, "Apointed 1st Corprl May 
8th. Claim disallowed by Sen 76240 June 17 
'87."; Shedrich Goan; Fielden Atchison; 
Isam Adcock; James D Scott; [William] C 
R[enna] ; [James Turney], "In the Staff." 
Missing portions of the last two entries have 
been supplied from Elliott, 119-20, and Gov- 
ernor Reynolds's staff rolls. 

Two of the above men who joined the com- 
pany after the original muster were probably 
from McDonough County; they are Nicholas 
Campbell and Shedrich Goan (or Shadrack 
Goens) ; see McDonough County (1878), 37. 



Two others, Harvy Crane and Fielden Atchi- 
son, may have been from Morgan County ; 
they served at various other times in com- 
panies composed principally of Morgan 
County men. 

Additional remarks on the May 27 roll are: 

1. Jacob Fry, "Elect Col. 30th. Aprl 
1832." 

2. Samuel Smith, "Elect Capt. 30th Aprl. 
1832." 

3. E. D. Baker, "Elected 1st Lieut 30th 
April." 

4. Mathias S. Link, "Elected 2nd Lieut 
30th April." 

8. Martin Rigsby, "Absent with Leave." 

30. Wyatt Whittle, "Absent with Leave." 

31. Luther Tunnell, "Transfered to the Spy 
Battalion 10th May." 
William Tunnell — the entry after Lu- 
ther Tunnell's name was entered on 
the original roll between the names of 
Luther and William and apparently was 
meant to refer to both men; both Lu- 
ther and William did serve in Thomas 
Carlin's spy company. 
Thomas Samuel, "Deserted." 

40. Squire Wood, "Elected 1st Sergt 13 
May." 



32 



38 



Names with spelling variations on the May 
27 roll: Nos. 5, Frederic Atchison; 13, 
Dempsy Powel; 15, Ewin Vandiver; 19, 
Phillip Deeds; 20, Wm. Thomasen ; 22, 
Henry Emersen; 29, David Medkiff; 31, 
Luther Tunnel; and 32, William Tunnel. 



Third Regiment, Whiteside' s Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

A Muster roll of the Field and Staff officers of the 3rd Regiment of the Brigade of 
Mounted Volunteers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides Mu[ster]ed 
out of the Service of the United States of America on the 27th. day of May 1832 at the 
Mouth of Fox river of the Illinois River being two hundred Miles from the place of 
enrolement which enrolement was made at Beardstown in Morgan County in Said 
State of Illinoi[s.] 







When 




Names of officers 


Rank 


Enroled 


Remarks 


Abraham B Dewitt 


Colonel 


27th. April 


furlowed the 26th. of May 






1832 


1832 
pr fm 21 Ap to 26h ins. 


William Wetherford 


Lit. Colonel 


29th. of April 


" " " " 


Alexander Beall 


Magor 


29th April 


« K « « 


Murray McConnel 


ajutant 


27th. April 


pr fm 21 Ap. 


George Orear 


quartermaster 


27 April 


" " " " 


Andrew Mackitee 


paymaster 


29 " 


pr " 20 Apl 


Robert Davis 


Sergt Major 


29 " 


" " " " 


Samuel Prosser 


Surgeon 




furlowed to return on the 
22nd. of May 


James Morrison' 


Surgeons mate 


" " 




Levin N Inglish 


qiu-. M. Sargint 


" " 


pr frm 20 Ap. 



I do hereby certify upon honor that the foregoing Muster roll exhibits the true state 
of, and all the facts relative to the field officers and officers of the Staff of the third 
regiment of Mounted Volunteers belonging to the Brigade under the Command of 
Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides Mustered out of the Service of the United States 
on the 27th. of May 1832 at the Mouth of Fox river afforesaid in the State of Illinois— 
and also that the remark set oposite the respective Names are accurate and Correct 

Signed at the Mouth of Fox river afforesaid this 27th. day of May 1832. 

William Weatherford present and Commanding said Regiment 

Attest 

M McConnel ajutant of sd Reg 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll & that I have 
this 27th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge, the 
above named officers in the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers commanded by Brig. 
Genl. Samuel Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 
159 



160 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



DS, DNA. Except for Weatherford's signa- 
ture and the Buckinaster certificate, the en- 
tire roll is in McConnel's handwriting. The 
Buckmaster certificate and "signature" are 
in David Prickett's handwriting. Endorsed : 
"T. P. Andrews 25 Apl '33 17,155." 

Columns 4, 5, and 6 of the original roll are 
omitted in this transcript. Columns 4 and 
5 give the place of enrollment and the 
enrolling officer. AJl staff officers were en- 



rolled at Beardstown except Beall, who was 
enrolled at Rushville. Governor Reynolds en- 
rolled Dewitt, Weatherford, and Beall; and 
Colonel Dewitt enrolled the remainder of 
the staff. Column 6 lists those present at the 
muster-out; the only absentees were Dewitt 
and 



A copy of this roll, in Prickett's handwriting, 
is in IHi : Stevens Coll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM ROSS 
{Later Benjamin Barney's) 

Muster Roll of Captain William Ross's Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers Commanded by Brigadier Genl. Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the Service 
of the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the 28th. day of 1832 distant 
miles from the place of Enrollment 



No. 



N'amcs 



Rank 



When 



Where 









Atlas 


1 William Ross 


Captain 


20th. April 


Pike County 


2 Benjamin Barny 


1st. Lieut 


" 


" 


3 Elisha Petty 


2nd. Lieut. 


" 




4 Bridg Whitten 


1st. Sergt. 


" 




5 James Shoss 


2nd. Do. 


" 




6 William Wadsworth 


3rd. Do. 


" 




7 Simms Kinman 


4th. Do. 


" 




8 Wm. Kinman 


1st. Corporal 


" 




9 Jonathan B Allen 


2nd. " 


" 




10 Jesse Luster 


3rd. 


" 




11 Thos. Kiney 


4th. 


a 




12 Austin Willson 


Private 


" 




13 Samuel Jeffers 


" 


« 




14 Francis Jackson 


" 


u 




15 Thomas :Moore 


" 


" 




16 John W Burch 


« 


" 




17 Nathaniel C Triplett 


" 


" 




18 Wm. Adney 


" 


« 




19 Hawkins Judd 


" 


" 




20 Samuel Lowe 


u 


" 




21 Joseph Card 


« 


a 




22 Charles Canady 


a 


" 




23 Louis A Garrison 


a 


" 




24 Solomon ]Maines 


" 


" 




25 William Blair 


(( 


« 




26 James Greer 


a 


" 




27 Gilum Bayly 


" 


" 




28 Harrison Dicker 


" 


« 




29 Emmery Sweeny 


a 


" 




30 Joab Brooks 


a 


" 




31 David Hull 


u 


« 





Third Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 161 



No. Names Rank When Where 

32 Stephen Shipman " " " 

33 James ONeal " « « 

34 Robert Hayes " « « 

35 Joseph McCHntock " " " 

36 Mathew Alayes " « « 

37 Caleb Bayly " « « 

38 Richard Morrow " " " 

39 Israel N Burt " " 

40 St. Clair Pruet " " 

41 Robert Davis " « « 

42 John Perkins " " " 

43 Hiram Kinman " " " 

44 Linsey Talbot " " " 

45 Wm. Mallory " " " 

46 Andrew McAtee " " " 

47 Benjamin Fugate " " " 

48 Garret Buckalow " " " 

49 Thomas Edwards " " " 

50 Willis Lay 

51 Mathias Baily " " " 

52 Eliphalet Haskins " " " 
43 Joel Harpool " " " 

54 John McAtee " 

55 Oron Parkers " 

56 ApoUas Hubbard " 

57 Chichester B Lewis " 

58 James Woolsey " 

59 Hansebly Horn " 

60 Joseph Gale " " 

61 Louis Allen " " 

62 Eli Hubbard 

63 William Gates " 

64 Samuel Riggs " 

65 Alfred Rush , " " 

66 Samuel PoUize " 

67 William Lynch " 

68 Franklin Coleman " 

69 Jesse Luas " 

70 Allen B Lucas " " 

71 Cornelius Jones " " 

72 Merredith Coffey " " " 

73 Adair C Meredith " " " 

74 Ira Shelby " " " 

75 Joseph Cavender " 

76 Barry Hume " 

77 Ira Andrews " 

78 Edwin L Grimshaw " 

I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain William 



162 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Ross's Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that the 
remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Commanding the Company W. Ross. Capt. Pike Volunteer 
[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "Wm. 
Ross & E. Petty Comp'ys 3d. Rgt." Columns 
6, 7, 8, and 9 of the original roll are 
omitted here. Columns 6 and 7 show that 
the company was enrolled by William Ross 
for 60 days. Column 8, "Names present," 
is blank, and Column 9, "Remarks," has 
one entry — after the name of William Ross. 
It reads, "Elected 20th. April 1832 — ap- 
pointed aid to Genl Whiteside." 

An unsigned, undated property roll, also in 
IHi: Stevens Coll., includes the seventy-eight 
men above, with the following spelling varia- 
tions: 2, Bejamin Barney; 4, Bridge Whit- 
ten; 17, Nathanil C. Triplet; 20, Samuel W. 
Lowe; 26, James Grear; 27, Gilum Bailey; 
28, Harrison Decker; 29, Emery Swiney; 
37, Caleb Bailey; 45, William Malary; 51, 
Matthias Bailey; 55, Oran Parkus ; 56, Apol- 
lus Hubbard; 57, Chitester B. Louis; 58, 
James Woosley; 59, Hansel G. Horn; 67, 
William Linch; 72, Meredith W. (or H.) 
Coffey; Ira Shelley Jun. 

On April 28 this company was divided, and 
a second company composed of thirty-seven 
men under the captaincy of Elisha Petty was 
organized. Only one of the thirty-seven — 
James Ross — is not listed above in William 
Ross's original company. 

IHi has a photostat of the mustering-out 
roll of the remainder of Ross's company; 
original in DNA. The roll was signed by 
"Benj Barney" on May 27 at the mouth of 
Fox River, 250 miles from the place of en- 
rollment, and has the Nathaniel Buckmaster 
certificate of service in the handwriting of 
David Prickett. According to the remarks 
on the roll, all officers were elected April 28. 
Below is a list of company members, with 
additional remarks from the mustering-out 
roll. The second spelling is from the "Names 
Present" column and is given only when it 
differs from the first: 

1. Benjamin Barney, captain. 

2. Israel N. Bert (Israel N. Burt), 1st 
lieutenant. 

3. Lewis Allen (Louis Allen), 2d lieuten- 
ant. 

4. Bridge '^ATiitten, 1st sergeant. 

5. Hawkins Judd, 2d sergeant. 



6. Eli Hubbard, 3d sergeant. 

7. Hansel G. Horn, 4th sergeant. 

8. Allen B. Lucas, 1st corporal. 

9. Mathias Bailey (Matthias Bailey), 2d 
corporal. 

10. William Mallory, 3d corporal, "Absent 
on furlough." 

11. Jesse Luster, 4th corporal, "his Horse 
valued at $65. Strayed or Stolen." 

Privates 

12. William Blair. 

13. John McAtee. 

14. Charls Kannada (Charles Kanady). 

15. Willis Lay. 

16. Richard Marrow (Richard Morrow). 

17. Chitister B. Lewis (Chitister B. Louis). 

18. Austin Willson. 

19. James niell (James O neal). 

20. Robbert Haze (Robert Hays). 

21. John Perkins. 

22. St. Clare Prewitt (St. Clar Pruet). 

23. Lindsey Tolbert (Lindsay Talbert). 

24. Samuel W. Love. 

25. David Hull. 

26. Joseph Card. 

27. Eliphalet Haskins (Elipalet Haskins). 

28. Joseph Gale. 

29. Jesse Lucas. 

30. Adair C. Meredith, "His horse valued 
at $50 Strayed or Stolen." 

31. Meredith W. Coffey. 

32. Emery Swiney (Emery Swinney). 

33. Jonathan B. Allen. 

34. Alfred Rush. 

35. William Adney, "Absent on furlough." 

36. Samuel Pollize. 

37. Louis A. Garrison. 

38. Stephen Shipman, "Left Sick on the 
march." 

39. Lucius WeUs. 

40. William Ross, captain, "Captain from 
the 20th of April to the 28th 1832." 

41. Andrew McAtee, "Appointed Paymaster 
April 29th 1832." 

42. Robert Davis, "Appointed Sergeant Ma- 
gor AprU 29tli 1832." 

Lucius Wells, No. 39 on the mustering-out 
roll, was not a member of Ross's original 
company. James Shoss, 2d sergeant on April 
28, is not listed on either of the mustering- 
out rolls of Barney's and Petty's companies. 



Third Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



163 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM T. GIVENS 

Muster Roll of Captain Wm. T Givens Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, Mustered into the Service 
of the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the day of April 1832 distant 
Forty miles from the place of enrollment 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



1 


Wm. T Givens 


Captain 


2 


Walter Butler^ 


1st. Lieut 


3 


Thomas Wright 


2nd. Do. 


4 


Jacob Talkington 


1st. Sergt. 


5 


James Prior 


2nd. Do 


6 


Joel Reynolds 


3rd. Do 


7 


Asa Johnston 


4th. Do 


8 


James Thomas 


1st. Corpl. 


9 


Rueben Buchanan 


2nd. Do 


10 


John Nail 


3rd. Do 


11 


Jaspar Roland 


4th. Do 


12 


Samuel Reynolds 


Private 


13 


Wm. H Clayton 


" 


14 


Daniel Wiggs 


" 


15 


Hiram Vanwinckle 


" 


16 


Alfred Tannehill 


" 


17 


Lewis Haynes 


" 


18 


Joseph Thomas 


« 


19 


George Deathridge 


" 


20 


John Clayton 


" 


21 


Henderson Vicus 


" 


22 


James Bryan 


u 


23 


Brice B Jackson 


u 


24 


Freeman Burnett 


u 


25 


Jacob Smyth 


" 


26 


Robert Grewer 


« 


27 


Wm. Weatherford 


" 


28 


Wm. C Clayton 


" 


29 


Joseph Reynolds 


" 


30 


Wm Sollars 


u 



21st. April 



M Cy. 
Apple Creek 



I hereby certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain 
William T Givins' Company of Moimted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, 
and that the remarks set opposite their names are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 27th day of April 1832 

Wm T Givins Commanding the Company 

[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 27th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Endorsed: "Wm. T 
Givens 3d. Regt." The last four columns 
are omitted here. They show that the com- 
pany was enrolled by Captain Givens for 
60 days and that all company members were 



present. In the last column, headed "Re- 
marks," all commissioned and noncommis- 
sioned officers are stated to have been 
"Elected 21st. April 1832." 



164 



PART TWO: Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



The company ninsterinp-out roll was si<rned 
by Givens on May 27 at the mouth of Fox 
River, 120 miles from the place of enroll- 
ment, which is given as Franklin, Morgan 
County, on this roll. The DNA roll also has 
the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of serv- 
ice in the handwriting of David Prickett and 
the following note signed by Givens: "The 
rations & Forage together which I drew 
whilst in Service did not amount to more 
than one ration of subsistence per day. The 
servant which I actually employed during 
my service was William Clayton a white 
man 27 or 28 yrs of age. Wni. T Givens 
Capt Illinois Malitia." 

"Remarks" on the DNA roll follow the names 
of five men : Nos. 9, 2d Corp. Reuben Bu- 
channon, "Furlowed & sent Back on the 
28th of April 1832 Vury sick"; Buchannon 
was succeeded by James Brian, listed as 
Pvt. 22 above. 13, William H. Clayton, "Fur- 
lowed & returned on the 28th April 1832, 
sick." 27, William Weatherford, "Elected 
& appointed Leuit Col of the 3rd. Regiment 
on the 29th April 1832." William Gibson, 
not listed above, is given as a private on 
the DNA roll, with the remark, "Detailed as 
Waggoner on the 28th April 1832." Fred- 
erick McDonnel, also a private on the DNA 
roll but not listed above, was "detailed into 
the service of the Quartermaster on 27th 
April 1832." He may have been the Fred- 
erick McDaniel who enrolled in John Sum- 
mers's company, but left that unit for de- 
tached service with the army on May 19. 
Joel Reynolds, 3d sergeant above, is not 
given on the DNA roll ; but Joseph Reynolds, 
Pvt. 29 on April 27, is given as 3d sergeant 
on the DNA roll. 

Spelling variations on the DNA roll : Nos. 5, 
James Pryor; 7, Asa Johnson; 9, Reubin 
Buckhannan; 11, Jasper Roland (Joseph 
Roland in "Names Present" column) ; 15, 
Hiram Vanwinkle; 16, Alford Tannahill; 19, 



George Deatheragc; 21, Henderson Vickers; 

25, Jacob Smith; 26, Robert Greer; and 
30, William Sollers or Sailers. 

An unsigned, undated property roll in IHi: 
Stevens Coll. lists Joel Reynolds as 3d ser- 
geant but omits Joseph Reynolds and Wil- 
liam Sollars, Pvts. 29 and 30 above, and 
Pvts. William Gibson and Frederick Mc- 
Donnel, who are listed on the DNA roll as 
company members. Names spelled differently 
on the property roll are: 3, Thomas Write; 
4, Joab Talkington; 9, Rewbin Buckhannon ; 
11, Jasper Roland; 15, Hiram Vanwincle; 
16, Alfred Tanneyhill ; 19, George Deatlu-age ; 
22, James Brian; 25, Jacob Smith; and 

26, Robert Greuer. 

Attached to the property roll was the follow- 
ing DS, also in IHi: Stevens Coll.: 

We the Subscribers appointed bi/ the Com- 
mander in chief to appraise the arms equip- 
ments (£• horses of the Company of mounted 
Volunteers under the command of Capt Wil- 
liam T. Givens have attended to that duty 
(£ certify on honor that v:e have made the 
appraisement to the best of our judgment 
as by the Muster Roll hereto annexed. 

Asa Johnson 
Beardstown Wm C Clayton 

April 25, 1832 Walter Butler 

1 The roll of Capt. WDliam Weatherford' s 
company of the 1st Regiment, Duncan's 1831 
Brigade, lists two men named Walter Butler 
as company members. One was a private and 
the other was 2d sergeant. If that roll is 
correct, there must have been two Walter 
Butlers in Morgan County. It is not known 
which one later became the 1st lieutenant of 
this company — if either did. Presumably the 
Walter Butler who served as captain of a 
company in the 1st Regiment, 3d Brigade, 
and 1st Lt. Walter Butler of Givens's com- 
pany were the same man. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN HARRIS 

Muster Roll of Captain John Harris Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the service of 
the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the 27th. day of May 1832 distant — 
175 [75] — miles from the place of enrollment. 



No. 



A^ames 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



1 John Harris Captain 

2 Wm. G Coop 1st. Lieut 

3 Jefferson Weatherford 2nd. " 

4 Aquile V [P.] Pepperdine 1st. Sergt. 

5 John Lewis 2nd. " 

6 Wilford Palmer 3rd. " 



[April 20]i 



Macoupen 



Third Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



165 









Enrollment 




No 


Names 


Rank 


When 


Where 


7 


Travis Moore 


4th. " 


« 


« 


8 


George W Cox 


1st. Corporal 


" 


« 


9 


Henry H Havern 


2nd. " 


" 




10 


Samuel W McVey 


3rd. " 


" 




11 


Joshua Martin 


4th. « 


« 




12 


John Powel 


Private 


« 




13 


John Bayless 


" 


" 




14 


Wyatt B [R] Hill 


" 


« 




15 


George Mathews 


" 


" 




16 


Hardin Weatherford 


" 


« 




17 


Oliver Hall 


" 


u 




18 


Robert Harris 


" 


" 




19 


John Coop 


" 


" 




20 


Joseph Foss 


" 


" 




21 


Iram English 


" 


" 




22 


Miles Driskel 


u 


" 




23 


Lewis Solomon 


" 


a 




24 


Headly W McVey 


" 


a 




25 


Thomas Thirman 


" 


" 




26 


Larkin Richardson 


" 


" 




27 


Ransom Coop 


" 


« 




28 


Wm. Calum 


« 


" 




29 


James T Hall 


u 


« 




30 


Richard Wall 


« 


" 




31 


Leven N English 


" 


" 




32 


Theodore Davis 


" 


" 




33 


Rees Bayless 


« 


« 




34 


James Butler 


" 


" 




35 


John Allen 


" 


« 




36 


Henry D Rhea 


" 


" 


" 


37 


Alexander B Miller 


" 


u 


" 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain John Harris 
Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that the remarks 
set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Comm-anding the Company 
[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "John 
Harris 3d. Regt." Columns 6, 7, 8, and 9 
of the original roll are omitted here. Columns 
6 and 7 show that the company was en- 
rolled by Captain Harris for 60 days. 
Columns 8 and 9, headed "Names of those 
present" and "Remarks," are blank. 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 

mustering-out roll, signed on May 27 by 

"John Harris" at the mouth of Fox River, 

246 miles from Carlinville, the place of en- 



rollment. There are five remarks on the roll, 
one of wliich was added at a considerably 
later date. They are opposite the names of 
Kos. 17, Oliver Hall, "Claim disallowed by 
Sett. 61,391 Sept 20/86"; 19, John Coop, 
"his horse valued at $68. died from a forced 
march" ; 29, James T. Hall, "his horse 
valued at $40.00 gave out on a forced march. 
Lost"; 31, Levin N. English, "appointed 
Quartermaster sergeant 27th April 1832"; 
and 34, James Butler, "his horse valued at 
$35.00 strayed or stolen. Lost." 



166 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Spelling variations on the DNA roll: Nos. 
4, Aquilla P. Pepperdine; 9, Henry H. 
Havren; 10, Samuel W. McVay; 12, John 
PoweU; 14, Wyatt R. Hill; 15, George Mat- 
thews; 21, Irum English; 22, Miles Driskell 
(Driskel in the "Names Present" column) ; 
24. Headly W. McVay; 25, Thomas Thur- 
man; 28, William Eallum; 31, Levin N. 
English; and 32, Theodorus Davis. 

A property roll signed by L. N. English and 
William G. Coop at Beardstown, April 27, 
1832, is also in IHi: Stevens Coll. There 
are variations in the following names: 4, 
AquUa P. Pepperdine; 14, Wyatt R. Hill; 
15, George Matthews; 24, Headley McVey; 



25, Thomas Thurman; 28, Wm. Ealum; 
32, Theodorus Davis; and 36, Henry B. 
Rhea. 

An unsigned, undated list of company mem- 
bers, also in the Stevens Coll., has five 
names differing from those on the April 28 
roll: 4, Aquile P. Pepperdine; 10, Samiel 
McVey; 14, Wyatt R. Hill; 15, George Mat- 
thews; and 24, Headley W. McVey. On the 
back of this list is the note "Magoupen — 
75 miles." 

1 The enrollment date is given on both the 
property roll and the mustering-out roll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ELISHA PETTY 

A Rool of Capt. Elisha Petty Company of Mounted Valenteers 
Capt. Elisha Petty 



1st Lieut. 


James Ross 


Caleb BaUey 


2d Do 


John W. Burch 


Mathew Mays 


1st Sergt. 


Joab Brooks 


Nathaniel C Triplet 


2d " 


GUum Bailey 


Tomas Edwards 


3d " 


Joel Harpole 


Harrison Decker 


4th " 


Cornelius Jones 


Wm. Wadsworth 


1st. Corporal Wm Kinman 


AppoUus Hubbard 


2d Do 


Wm. Gates 


James Greer 


3d Do 


Ira Sheley 


Berry Hume 


4th Do 


James Woosley 


Ira Andrews 




Sims Kinman 


Joseph Cavender 




Hiram Kinman 


Wm. Linch 




Joseph McLintock 


Edwin Grimshaw 




Franklin P Coleman 






Orren Parkus 






Francis Jackson 






Samuel Jeffres 






Benjamin Fugate 






Tomas Kinney 






Solomon Main 






Tomas More 






Samuel Riggs 






Garret Buckalew 





AD, IHi: Stevens Coll; the roll is in Patty's 
handwriting. IHi also has a photostat, from 
DNA, of the company's mustering-out roll, 
made out and signed by "Elisha Petty," with 
the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of in- 
spection in the handwriting of David Prickett. 
The heading reads: "Muster Roll of Cap- 
tain Elisha Petty Company of the third 
Regiment . . . mustered out of Service at 
the mouth of Fox River on the 27th day 
of May, 1832 distance 250 miles from the 
place of enrollment." That roster also shows 



that the company was enrolled by William 
Ross in Pike County, April 20, 1832, and 
that all of the commissioned and noncom- 
missioned officers were elected April 28. Other 
remarks follow the names of three men: 
Joseph Mclintock [McClintock], "Gun Valued 
at $18 bursted when fired by command of 
the Colonel" ; Thomas Edwards, "Hors 
Valued at $70 Broke down on the March" ; 
and Berry Hume, "horse Valued at 65$ 
Strayed or Stolen." 



Third Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



167 



Names spelled differently on the May 27 roll 
were those of 2d Lt. John W. Birch, 2d Sgt. 
Gillham Bailey, 3d Corp. Ira Shelley, and 
Pvts. Orren Parkis, Tliomas Kinney, Thomas 
More, Thomas Edwards, Appollis Hubbard, 
and William Lynch. 



This company and that of Benjamin Barney 
were originally united under the command of 
Capt. William Ross. See the roll of Ross's 
(later Barney's) company, also in the 3d 
Regiment. Only one man in Betty's com- 
pany, 1st Lt. James Ross, is not listed on 
that roll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM B. SMITH 

Muster Roll of Captain William B Smith's Company of the Brigade of mounted 
Volunteers, Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the 
service of the United States at Beardstown Illinois, on the 26th day of April 1832. 
distant 25 miles from the place of enrollment. 









Enrollment 


No Names 


Rank 


When 


Where 






April 




1 William B Smith 


Captain 


21st 1832 


Jacksonville 


2 Starkie R Powel 


1st Lieut. 


do 


do 


3 Willie Myres 


2nd do 


" 


« 


4 Samuel Givins 


1st Sergeant 


" 


« 


5 Richard Nelson 


2nd do 


" 


« 


6 Peter Baker 


3rd do 


« 


a 


7 Wingate J Newman 


4th do 


« 


a 


8 Abram N Mills 


1st Corporal 


" 


a 


9 Thomas Shepperd 


2nd do 


" 


u 


10 Thomas Smith 


3rd do 


" 


u 


1 1 London C Ragan 


4th do 


« 


" 


13 Berry Holland 


Private 


" 


" 


13 HarisMcCall 


do 


" 


u 


14 George Smith 


do 


« 


" 


15 Robert H Deaton 


do 


« 


" 


16 WUliam Black 


do 


" 


" 


17 Richard Orr ■ 


do 


« 


a 


18 Isaac Chapman 


do 


u 


" 


19 Lawrence Smith 


do 


u 


It 


20 Abram B Dewit 


do 


" 


" 


21 Felix Ray 


do 


a. 


u 


22 George Orear 


do 


a 


« 


23 Stephen Gesford 


do 


u 


It 


24 WiUiam Roberts 


do 


a 


u 


25 Murray McConnel 


do 


« 


« 


26 James McKee 


do 


u 


a 


27 Charles Ransdall 


do 


« 


" 


Gabriel E Bennett 


do 






Zadock W Flinn 


do 






Equilla Hall 


do 






James Wilson 


do 






Joel Potts 


do 






William Miller 


do 






Richard Orr 


do 






James Perines 


do 







168 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain William 
B Smiths Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day; and that 
the Remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just. Signed at 
Beardstown this 26th day of April 1832. 

Wm B Smith Commanding the Company 

[ANS] Mustered and Countersigned this 26th of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering officer. 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. The roll is in the 
handwriting of John J. Hardin. Filing note: 
"Wm. B Smith 3d. Regt." The last four 
cohimns, omitted here, show that the com- 
pany was enrolled by Captain Smith for 
60 days, that all company members were 
present, and that all commissioned and non- 
conmiissioned officers were "Elected on the 
26th April 1832." 

Hardin listed himself as a private, No. 20. 
then struck his name and entered Dewitt's in 
its place. The name of Richard Orr is 
entered twice on the roll, as Nos. 17 and 
[34]. 

IHi has a photostat of the mustering-out roll 
from DNA. The body of the roll is in the 
handwriting of Murray McConnel. It was 
signed by "Wm. B. Smith" on May 27 at the 
mouth of Fox River, 200 miles from the 
place of enrollment. On the back of the 
roster is the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate 
of inspection in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. 

The DNA roll includes Hardin as a com- 
pany member, with the remark, "High 
Private," and lists three other privates not 
on the April 26 roll: Thomas Bristow; 
Lemon (Lemmon) Plasters, "detailed into 
the Service of the commander in chief" but 
marked present; and John Daugher[t]y. The 
last name is given "Laughrey" in Elliott, 
96. Stephen Gesford. No. 23 above, is not 
entered on the mustering-out roll. Felix Ray, 
No. 21 above, is 3d corporal on the muster- 
ing-out roll. He replaced Thomas Smith, who 
was "furlowed to attend the Sick at Dicksons 
ferry." 



Other names with spelling variations or addi- 
tional remarks, as they appear on the DNA 

roll: 



2. Starkie R. Powel, "Lost his horse on 
the march appraised at $65.00." 

3. Willie Myers. 

4. Samuel Givvins. 

7. Winget J. Numan. 

8. Abraham N. Mills, "Lost his gun by 
bursting when firing by order of his 
Colonel appraised at $20.00." 

9. Thomas Shepherd. 

3. Arris McCall. 

4. George Smith, "Left Sick on the march 
and furlowed at Dicksons ferry." 

5. Robert H. Deaton, "Appointed farrier 
of the 3rd. Regiment on the 27th. of 
April 1832," but marked present. 
William Black, "Lost his horse on the 
march appraised at $45.00." 
Richard Orre, "Left sick on the march 
and furlowed at Dicksons ferry." 
Laurence Smith, "detailed by the quar- 
termaster General as a cook &c &c," 
but marked present. 
Abraham B. Dewit, "Elected and ap- 
pointed Colonel of the 3rd. Regiment 
on the 27th. of April 1832." 

George Orear, "Appointed Quartermas- 
ter of the 3rd. Regiment on the 27th. 
of April 1832." 

Murray McConnel, "Appointed Ajutant 
of the 3rd. Regiment on the 27th of 
April 1832." 
Charles Ransdell. 

Gabriel E. Bennet. 

Zadick W. Flynn. 

Aquilla HaU. 

James Willson. 

James Provines. 



16 



17 



19 



20 



27 

[28.] 

[29.] 

[30.] 

[31.] 

[35.] 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN NATHAN WINTERS 



Muster Roll of Captain Nathan Winters' Company of the Brigade of Mounted Vol- 
unteers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, Mustered into the 
Service of the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the day of April 1832 
distant thirty five miles from the place of enrollment. 



Third Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



169 







Enrollment 


No Names 


Rank 


When 


Where 








M. Cy. 


1 Nathan Winters 


Captain 


21st April 


Browns' 


2 John D Pinson 


1st. Lieu 


« 


« 


3 John L Kirkpatrick 


2 Do 


« 


« 


4 Leander J Walker 


1 Sergt. 


« 


« 


5 Wm. D Johnson 


2 Do 


« 


« 


6 David Gratan 


3 Do 


« 


« 


7 Thos. J Cox 


4 Do 


« 


« 


8 Acy C Earl 


1 Corpl 


« 


« 


9 Bird Smith 


2 Do 


" 


« 


10 Ortin H Claton 


3 Do 


« 


« 


11 GW Sawyer 


4 Do 


« 


« 


12 Cornelius Brown 


Private 


" 


« 


13 James Sawyer's 


« 


« 


« 


14 John Carson 


" 


" 


« 


15 Yancy Little 


u 


« 


« 


16 Stephen Wilcher 


" 


« 


« 


17 James B Riggs 


u 


« 


« 


18 Johnson Forsyth 


" 


" 


« 


19 Curtis Holmes 


« 


« 


« 


20 Arthur Bell 


« 


« 


« 


21 Wm. Asher 


" 


« 


« 


22 Wm. H Green 


« 


« 


(I 


23 James Adams 


" 


« 


« 


24 James McGee 


" 


" 


« 


25 Presly Funck 


" 


" 


« 


26 Thos. M GUlam 


" 


« 


u 


27 Wm. G Cox 


« 


« 


« 


28 John Hobson 


" 


" 


" 


29 John Fulton 


« 


« 


« 


30 David Moore 


" 


" 


« 


31 Benjamin Crisp 


" 


" 


« 


32 James G Campbell 


" 


" 


" 


33 Jefferson Black 


" 


ti 


" 


34 Francis F New 


« 


" 


" 


35 Benjamin Beasly 


« 


« 


" 


36 David W Rue 


" 


" 


" 


37 Acy Cooper 


" 


« 


" 


38 Alexander Bell [Beall] 


" 


" 


« 


39 John Axby 


" 


« 


" 


40 Wm. Coultes 


" 


" 


■( 


41 Albert Wells 


" 


" 


" 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain Nathan 
Winters Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that 
the remarks set opposite their names are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Nathan Winters Commanding the Company 

[NS] Mustered and countersigned this 28th day of April 1832. 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer 



170 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "Na- 
thaniel [Nathan] Winters 3d. Regt." The 
last four columns, omitted here, show that 
the company was enrolled by Captain Win- 
ters for 60 days, that all company members 
were present on April 28, and, under the 
heading "Remarks," that the captain was 
elected April 21. 

IHi has a photostat of the mustering-out roll 
from DNA. That roll was signed by Win- 
ters on May 27 at the mouth of Fox River, 
215 miles from the place of enrollment. The 
body of the roll is in the handwriting of 
John J. Hardin, and the Nathaniel Buck- 
master certificate of inspection is in the 
handwriting of David Prickett. 

ITie mustering-out roll lists eight men who 
were not on the April 28 roll but omits two 
who were included there. The eight additional 
company members are James F. New, who is 
listed as 3d corporal, and Pvts. Henry James, 
Elijah Powell, David Campbell, Robert D. 
Neal, Thomas Dixon, Joseph Dew, and 
Samuel Johnson (also given Johnston). AJl 
of these men were marked present at the 
muster-out, although Neal, Dixon, and Dew 
were detailed as wagoners and Johnson was 
"detailed into the sei-vice of the commander 
in chief." The two original company mem- 
bers who were not given on the mustering- 
out roll are Ortin H. Claton [Clayton ?], 3d 
corporal on the April 28 roll, and Francis 
F. New, No. 34 above. 

Other remarks on the May 27 roll follow 
the names of Nos. 23, James Adams, "his 
horse valued at $40. lost by a forced march" ; 
35, Benjamin Beesley, "Absent on furlough"; 
38, Alexander Beall, "Elected Major April 
29th 1832"; 39, John Axby, "his horse 



valued at $70. strayed or stolen"; and 41, 
Albert Wells, "his horse valued at $70. 
strayed or stolen." In addition, all officers 
are said to have been "Elected April 21st 
1>S32." 

Names with spelling variations on the DNA 
roll are those of Nos. 6, David Grattan ; 8, 
Asa C. Earle; 11, George W. Sawyer; 13, 
James Sawyer; 25, Presley Funk; 26, 
Thomas M. Gillham; 35, Benjamin Beasley; 
37, Asa Cooper; 38, Alexander Beall; and 40, 
William Gonitis. 

IHi: Stevens Coll. does not have the com- 
pany's property roll but does contain the fol- 
lowing document which lists the value of 
property of three company members who 
joined the group after it had started its 
march from Beardstown. The document is 
in the handwriting of James Sawyers, one 
of the signators. 

Head quarters Near Rushville Scylor County 
State of Illinois Valuation of property in 
Capt Nathan Winters's Company Elijah 
poicel arms $15 Chesnut Sorrel hores [sic] 
$40.00 Davied Campbel arms 12.00 Sorrel 
horse 4 years old $60.00 

[Line crossed out: "WUliam E Green Mule 
ttvo years old at $40.00"] 

Robert D Neal arms $20.00 two Black horses 
$75.00 Each also one Waggon and harness 
$100.00 

Appraised By Jas. B. Riggs 

James Sawyers 

1 Morgan County, Cornelius Brown's. 



Fourth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Rank Roll of the Field and Staff officers of the 4th Regiment of Mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Col. Samuel M Thompson, composing part of the Brigade commanded 
by Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside, mustered out of service of the United States at 
the Mouth of Fox River on the 27th. day of IMay 1832. 









Enrolled 




No. 


Names 


Rank 


where 


Former Rank 


1 


Samuel M Thompson 


Col. 


Sangamon Co 
Richland Creek 


1st. Lieut 


2 


Achilles Morris 


Lt. Col 


Springfield 


Private 


3 


Moses G Wilson 


Major 


Rushville 


Captain 


4 


John B Watson 


Adjt 


" 


1st. Sergt 


5 


Samuel Horney 


Qr Master 


" 


Private 


6 


Wm. Carpenter 


Pay IVIaster 


Springfield 


" 


7 


Jacob M Early 


Surgeon 


" 


" 


8 


Wm. Constant 


2d. do Mate 


" 


" 


9 


Adams Dunlap 


1st. do Mate 


Rushville 


« 


10 


Edward Doyle 


Sergt Majr. 


" 


" 




A. McHatton 


" 


" 


Sergeant 


11 


Wm. Kirkpatrick 


Qr Mas. Sergt. 


Richland, 
Sangamon 


Private 


12 


Wm. Sprouce 


Gunsmith 


" 


u 


13 


Richard Jones 


Colour bearer, 


" 


" 



I certify on honor that this Rank Roll exhibits the true state of the Field & Staff 
officers of the 4th Regt. of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, & 
that the remarks set opposite the names are accurate & just 

Signed at the Mouth of Fox River this 27th. day of May 1832, by 

Samuel M Thompson Col Commanding 4th. Regiment. 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. The entire roll is in 
the hand\\Titing of David Prickett. Six col- 
umns of the original roll are omitted in this 
transcript. Column 4 gives the date of com- 
mission as April 30 for all staff members but 
McHatton, who was commissioned May 20. 
Columns 6 and 8 give the original enrollment 
date and the original enrolling officer for each 
staflf member. Column 9, "Period of time," is 
blank. Column 10 gives the distance from 
the place of enrollment to the place of dis- 



charge, and Column 11 has one remark, 
after the name of Edward Doyle: "Resigned 
on 19th. May 1832 at Dixons Ferry, Rock 
River." 

Four of the fourteen staff members — Thomp- 
son, Kirkpatrick, Sprouse (the preferred 
spelling), and Jones — were enrolled on April 
21, by Captain Lincoln, 175 miles from the 
place of muster-out ; Morris, Carpenter, Early, 
and Constant were enrolled by Captain 



171 



172 PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Goodan on April 21, a]so 175 miles from the of muster-out; and Doyle and McHatton 

place of muster-out; Wilson, Watson, Horney, were enrolled by Captain Ralls on April 23, 

and Dunlap were enrolled by Captain Wilson also 220 miles from the place of muster-out. 
on April 23 and 220 miles from the place 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN LEVI W. GOODAN 

Muster Roll of Captain L W Goodan's Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers, Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the Service 
of the United States, at Beardstown Illinois, on the day of April 1832. distant 
50 miles from the place of Enrollment. 







Enrollment 


No Names 


Rank 


When 


Where 


1 L W Goodan 


Captain 


21st April 


Springfield 


2 John Read 


1st. Lieut 


" 


u 


3 W Cantrel 


2nd. Lieut 


" 


" 


4 John Baker 




" 


" 


5 Asa Eusters 




" 


« 


6 Wm. CoUister [McCallister] 




« 


" 


7 Moses Brumfield 




« 


" 


8 James Taylor 




u 


« 


9 John Kline 




" 




10 Wm. Crow 




" 




11 Richard Qu[i]nton 




u 




12 Wm. Davenport 




u 




13 Jefferson Welsh 




" 




14 Edward Jones 




" 




15 Elijah lies 




u 




16 Benjamin Sims 




a 




17 George H Robinson 




a 




18 M C Kindal 




" 




19 Jesse Said 




" 




20 L D Matheney 




« 




21 James F Reed 




a 




22 Jesse Darrow 




a 




23 Jacob M. Erley 




a 




24 John Ridge 




" 




25 John Hurst 




u 




26 P A Sanders 




u 




27 James Sherell 




« 




28 Robert Brasslee 




(1 




29 James Q Wills 




u 




30 David Dickeson 




" 




31 Samuel McKinsey 




" 




32 David Brunk 




(( 




33 WE Wills 




" 




34 AlfordWood 




« 




35 John Keys 




a 




36 Uriah Man 




« 




37 RuebenKing 




" 




38 Wm. Steel 




" 




39 Noah Jones 




u 





Fourth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 173 



Enrollment 

No Names Rank When Where 

40 James Jones " " 

41 Noah Mason " " 

42 James B Jones " « 

43 Joseph Garrett " « 

44 Samuel Malugin « « 

45 Zacharia Malugin " " 

46 Simeon Brents " " 

47 Charles Dawson " " 

48 Wm. Smith « « 

49 George E Cabenness " " 

50 Ahalis Morris 

51 Samuel Ranrer " ** 

52 John B Brown " « 

53 Milton Hunes 

54 John B Rutledge " " 

55 Simon Ditson " * 

56 Daniel Good " « 

57 Moses H Brents " " 

58 Nathaniel Foster « « 

59 Wm. Carpenter " « 

60 E P Oliphant « « 

61 John T Stevart " « 

62 George Glasscock " " 

63 Daniel Richeson " * 

64 James Baker " " 

65 Jesse Dotson " " 

66 Hirun Wolson " " 

67 Joseph Rolston " " 

68 Samuel Hamilton " " 

69 John Calhoun « 

70 Wm. Comstant " " 

71 Thos. M Neal 

72 Robert Richardson " " 

73 B D Rush 

74 Michael Orchey " " 

75 Vincon Orchey " " 

76 Mathias Chilton « « 

77 Rueben Radford " " 

78 Joseph McCoy " " 

79 Hardin Thomas " " 

80 James D Henry « « 

81 Wm Potts " " 

I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain L W 
Goodan's Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that 
the remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just 

Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832 

Commanding the Company 

[NS] Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer. 



174 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. Filing note: "L. W. 
Goodan 4. Regt." Although this roll is in a 
clearly legible handwriting, there are so 
many misspelled names it is assumed the 
roll must have been copied from a poorly 
written and poorly spelled first draft. The last 
four columns are omitted here. Columns 6 
and 7 show that the company was enrolled by 
Captain Goodan for 60 days. Columns 8 
and 9, "Names of those Present" and "Re- 
marks," are blank. 

IHi also has a photostat of another roll of 
this company (original in DNA), made out 
and signed by "L. W. Goodan" on May 28 
at the mouth of Fox River. The DXA muster 
roll has the Buckmaster certificate of in- 
spection in the handwriting of David Prickett. 
Written in pencU above the "Remarks" 
column is the following note: "175 miles ? 
See Staff Roll 4 Regt." On the 4th Regiment 
staff roll, the distance from tlie mouth of 
Fox River to the place of enrollment for 
Goodan's company is given as 175 miles. 

Three men not listed on the April 28 roll 
are given as privates in the company on 
May 28. They are Thomas Sherrill, who, 
Goodan wrote, "Joined My [Company] on 
the 18t May"; Jack Kirk, "Joined My Com- 
pany on the l[st May ?]"; and Samuel 
0[']Neale. A Thomas Sherill of Sangamon 
County was also enrolled in Ebey's infantry 
company and was present at the muster-out 
of that company, if the roll is correct. 

The DNA roll lists the following noncom- 
missioned officers: 1st sergeant, Alford Wood, 
No. 34 above ; 2d sergeant, Hirum Watson, 
No. 66; 3d sergeant, John Ridge, No. 24; 
4th sergeant, Milton Humes, No. 53; 1st 
corporal, John Kline, No. 9 ; 2d corporal, 
Wm. Smith, No. 48; 3d corporal, James B. 
Jones, No. 42, "Furlowed Sick on the 19t 
May 1832 and Rurned [returned home ?] 
on 19 May" ; and 4th corporal, George E. 
Cabenness, No. 49. 

Fourteen original members of the company 
transferred to the Spy Battalion. They are 
No. 80, James D. Henry, "appointed Maygor 
of the Spies on the 28t Dy of April 1832" ; 
and the following thirteen who "Joined the 
Spies on the 1st Day of May" : Nos. 8, James 
Taylor; 14, Edward Jones; 15, Elijah lies; 



20, L. D. Matheney; 21, James F. Reed; 
26, P. A. Sanders; 30, David Dickeson 
(the DNA roll has "D. Dickison," and the 
correct name is Dickerson) ; 35, John Keys; 

43. Joseph Garrett (Caret on the DNA 
roll); 60, E. P. Oliphant; 61, John T. 
Stevart (Stewart on the DNA roll); 62, 
George Glasscock; and 81, Wm. Potts. 

Other names with spelling variations or re- 
marks on the musteringout roll : 

2. John Reed. 

3. Wm. Cantrell. 

5. Asa Easters, "Sick pr." 

6. Wm. McCollister. 

7. Moses Brunfield. 

11. Richard Quinton. 

12. Will. Devenport. 

13. Jefferson Welch. 

17. George H. Robison. 

18. M. C. Kindle. 

23. Jacob M. Erley, "Appointed Surgeon of 
the 4th Regt on the 30 Day of April." 

28. Robert Brassle, "furlowed Sick." 

33. Wm. E. Wills. 

37. Rheubin King. 

39. Noah Jones, "( 
[hunting ?]." 

44. Samuel Malugon. 

45. Zaciah Malugon. 

46. Simoon Bunts. 

50. Achalis Moris, "privte 
was Elected Lut Cornonl of 4th Regt on 
the 30 of April 1832." 

51. Saml. Ramer. 
54. John B. Rutlage. 

56. Daniel Goode. 

57. Mosses Brunts, "Made Corporal on the 
19t Day of May." 

59. Wm. Carpenter, "Apponted paj-master 
on the 30t April." 

63. Daniel Richardson. 

64. James Baker, "Wagon Master from the 
1st Day May." 

69. John Calhoon. 

70. Wm. Constant, "appointed Surgeon's 
Mate of the 4tli. Regt. 29t April." 

71. T. M. Neale, "Sick absent by Leave." 
73. B. O. Rusk, "on Exter Duty from the 

1st Day of May." 



furlow horse hunton 



ny conp'n\ 



Michal Archey. 
Vincon Archey. 
Mathias Chilton, 
Reubin Radford. 



'furlowed Sick. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN MOSES G. 

{Later Samuel H oiling sworth's) 



WILSON 



Muster Roll of the late Capt. M. G. Wilson's Company of the Fourth Regiment 
commanded by Colo. Samuel M. Thompson of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides Mustered out of the service of 
the United States, at the mouth of Fox River on the 28th. day of May 1832, distant 
220 miles from the place of enrollment 



Fourth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



175 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolled 
Where 



Remarks 



1 Moses G. Willsoa 


Captain 


2 Alexander Hollingsworth 


1st Lieut. 


3 Harvey Skiles 


2d Lieut 


4 John B. Watson 


1st Sergt. 


5 G. W. P. Maxwell 


2d " 


6 Samuel Hollingsworth 


3d " 


7 J. G. Randall 


4th. " 


8 Avanant Hollingsworth 


1st Corporal 


9 James Martin 


2d 


10 David Traynor 


3d 


11 L. B. Skiles 


4th. " 


12 George Naught 


Private 


13 Wm. L. Wilson 


" 


14 G. H. Harrison 


" 


15 Abram Hollingsworth 


" 


16 William Lockhart 


" 


17 Ezra Kirkham 


« 


18 Rutherford Lane 


" 


19 William Guinn 


" 


20 John Hollingsworth 


" 


21 J. S. Holiday 


" 


22 Daniel Riley 


" 


23 Samuel Bogart 


" 


24 John McFadden 


« 


25 Chauncey Hobert 


« 


26 Jonathan Reno 


" 


27 WUliamCox 


" 


28 Caleb RUey 


" 


29 Robert Murphy 


" 


30 Benjamin Skiles 


" 


31 Moses Wallace 


" 


32 William Yong 


« 


33 William Burnett 


" 


34 Henry Wright 


" 


35 Gamaliel Hills 


tt 


36 John Morgan 


a 


37 Manlow Horney 


" 


38 Thomas Abbott 


« 


39 Ishmael Hills 


" 


40 EliWiUiams 


a 


41 G. W. Justus 


« 


42 Willis Moore 


« 


43 James Frake 


« 


44 Adams Dunlap 


« 


45 Samuel Horney 


u 


46 A. Abbott 


" 



Rushville 111 Elected Major 30th April 1832 
" Lost horse 22d of May 1832 

" Appointed Adjutent of the 4th. Regt. 

30th. AprU 1832 
1st. Sergt. 30th. April and 
Resigned 19th. May 1832 
Elected Captain 30th. April 1832 
Resigned 19th. May 1832 
Resigned 30th. April 1832 
" Appointed 1st. Corporal 30 April 1832 

" " 2d Sergeant " " " 

" " 3d Corporal " " " 



Lost Horse 22d May 1832 
Lost horse 22d " " 



Lost horse 22 May 1832 

Appointed 1st. Sergeant 19th May 1832 
Lost horse same date 

" 3d " " " « 
" 4th. " 30th. AprU 1832 
" 2d Corporal " « « 

« 4tlj_ a a a u 

Detailed on extra duty 



Lost horse 22d May 1832 



Lost horse 22d May 1832 
Furloughed sick 19th May 1832 



Appointed 1st. Surgeons Mate 30th. 

April 1832 

" Quartermaster 
Furloughed to attend on the sick 19th 

May 1832 



176 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolled 
Where 



Remarks 



47 Elijah Collins 

48 George Butler 



Detaled on extra duty 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of the late Capt. 
M. G. Wilson's Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day and 
that the Remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and Just 

Signed at the Mouth of Fox River the 28 day of May 1832 

By Samuel HoUingsworth Commanding the Company 

Mustered and Countersigned this 28th day of May 1832 By the Company Inspecter 
and Miistering officer of Schuyler County Volunteers 

Samuel HoUingsworth Capt 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 4, 6, 7, 
and 8 are omitted here. The fourth and 
sixth state that the company was enrolled 
on April 23 by Capt. M. G. Wilson; the 
seventh, "Period of Time," is blank; and 
the eighth shows all company members pres- 
ent at the muster-out, despite the fact that 
many were actually absent — see the remarks 
above. 



Another mustering-out roll of the company, 
signed by "Samuel HoUingsworth," is in 
DNA; IHi has a photostat. The DNA roll 
has the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of 
inspection in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. Names spelled differently on the 
DNA roll: No. 25, Chauncey Hobart, and 
No. 43, James Frakes. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

Muster Roll of Captain A. Lincolns Company of the 4th Regiment of Mounted Vol- 
unteers commanded by Brig. Genl. Samuel Whitesides Mustered out of service of 
the United States at the Mouth of Fox River May the 27th. 1832 



Names 



Rank 



When 
enroled 



Where 
enroled 



Remarks 



Abraham Lincoln 



Captain 21. April Richland Sanga- 



Samuel M. Thompson 1 Lieut 



Cty. 



John Brannen 
John Armstrong 
Tavner B Anderson 
George W Foster 

Obediah Morgan 
Thomas Combs 
John Plaster 



2 " 
1. Serg. 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 

1 Corp 

2 " 



Resigned 30 April Colo- 
nel of 4 Regt. See 
Roll Field & Staff 



Transfer[red] to a foot 
company April 29. 



Resigned 20 day May 
& serve as a private 



Wm. F Berry 
Alexander Trent 



Fourth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



111 



Names 



Rank 



When 
enroled 



Where 
enroled 



Remarks 



John Erwin 



John H Houghton 
Thomas Pierce 
Samuel Tibbs 
Henry Hadley 
Samuel Dutten 
Calvin Pierce 
Joseph Tibbs 
Wm. Kirkpatrick 

Cyrus Elmore 
Elijah Pierce 
Lewis W Farmer 
Bordry Matthews 
Ep Sidivan 
Valentine Crete 
Charles Sulivan 
James Simmons 
Hugh Armstrong 

Allen King 
Joseph Dobson 
David Rankin 

Urbin Alexander 
Henry Cox 
Merrit M Carman 
David M. Pantier 
Joseph Hohimer 
George Warburton 
Evan T Lamb 
Clardey Barnette , 
John M Rutledge 
Wm. Cox 
Usil Meeker 
Richard Jones 



Charles Pierce 
James Clemment 
John Y Lane 
Richard Lane 
Royal Clary 
Pleasant Armstrong 
James Yardley 
David Rutledge 
Michael Plaster 
John Mounce 
Wm Hohimer 
Isaac Anderson 



private 



Promoted to 3rd. Serg 
in room of G W. 
Foster April 29 



Promoted from the 
Ranks April 30 



Promoted to 1st Lieut 
April 30 



Transfered to a foot 

company May 19 
absent on extra duty 



absent on furlough 



Promoted from the 
ranks May 2nd 
color bearer 



absent without leave 
absent without leave 
absent on furlough 



178 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Names 



Rank 



When 
enroled 



Where 
enroled 



Remarks 



Wm Marshall 
Wm Cummins 
John Jones 
Travice Elmore 
Wm Foster 

Nathan Drake 
Robert S Plunkett 
Wms. T Sprouce. 



William Clary. 
Jacob Heavener 
Thomas Long^ 
William Green 
Isaac Gulihur 



29 Apr Beardstown 



absent without leave 

Transferee! to a foot 
company April 29 



Promoted from the 
Ranks May 2. Gun- 
smith Field & Staff 



19 May Dixons ferry 



I certify upon honour that this Muster Roll exhibits a true Statement of Captain A 
Lincolns Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois militia on this day and that the 
remarks set opp. the names are accurate and Just 

A. Lincoln Capt 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, and that I have 
this 27th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge the above 
named Company of Mounted Volimteers, in the Brig[ade] commanded by Brig. Genl. 
Samuel Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



ADS, DNA: AGO. Endorsed: "Vou 6 [2 ?] 
Andrews 17155." The Buckmaster certificate 
is in the handwriting of David Prickett. 

IHi also has a photostat of another ADS 
mustering-out roll, the original of which is 
owned by Brown University. Two men on 
the above roll, Thomas Long and William 
Green (Nos. 67 and 68), are not on the 
Brown roll. However, that roll includes 
Royal Potter, not listed above. The following 
two remarks on the Brown roll are not on 
the DNA roll: 2d Lt. John Brannen, "Absent 
on extra duty," and 4th Sgt. Obadiah (so 
spelled) Morgan, "Absent on furlough." 
Three remarks on the DNA roll are omitted 
on the Brown roll. They follow the names of 
Privates Alexander, Pantier, and William 
Hohimer. In addition to "Obadiah" Morgan, 
two other names are spelled differently on 
the Brown roll: Samuel Dutton and Isaac 
Guliher. The name of Pvt. Wms. T. Sprouce 
(later gunsmith) is spelled out "Williams" 
T. Sprouce on the Brown roll. 

1 A large proportion of the men in this 



company returned home after their discharge 
on May 27. Several of them almost im- 
mediately reenlisted in Charles R. Pierce's 
company, which marched to the rendezvous 
at Fort Wilbourn but was not required for 
U.S. service and was ordered discharged. 
The Thomas Long of Lincoln's company was 
probably the same Thomas Long who en- 
rolled in Pierce's company in Sangamon 
County on June 2. Both Lincoln's and 
Pierce's companies were composed principally 
of men from what is now Menard County. 

The Thomas Long who was major of the 
Odd Battalion of Infantry in Whiteside's 
Brigade was likely the Thomas Long who 
served in Elijah Iles's company from May 
27 until June 16. His home was southeast of 
Springfield. On the basis of available evi- 
dence, it appears that two Thomas Longs 
from Sangamon County served in the Black 
Hawk War. See Sangamon County (1876), 
465; Green to Reynolds, June 4, 1832; 
George M. Harrison to William H. Herndon, 
n.d., photostat in IHi: Herndon MSS ; 
muster rolls of Iles's and Pierce's companies. 



Fourth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



179 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM C. RALLS 

Muster Roll of Capt. Wm. C Rails Company of the 4th Regiment of Mtd. Volenteers 
Commanded by Col Saml. M. Thompson of the Brigade of Mounted Volenteers 
Commanded by Brigadier Genl. Saml. Whitesides Mustered out of the United States 
at the mouth of Fox River on the 28th day of May 1832 Distant from the place of 
enrolment 220 miles: — 









Enrolment 


No. Names 




Rank 


Where Remarks 


1 Wm. C Ralls 


Capt 


Rushville III 


2 James Blackburn 


1 Lieut 


" " Resigned & returned home 13th 








May 1832 


3 John Stinnet 


2 




promoted to 1st. Lieut. 13th 
May 


4 John M Jones 


1 


Sergt 




5 Geo. W. Penney 


2 


" 




6 James Hunter 


3 


" 




7 James P. Hume 


4 


" 


promoted to 2nd. Liut. 13th. 


[Hunie, Hurrie?! 






May 


8 Theadore Jourdon 


1 


Corpl 




9 Stephen A St. Cyr' 


2 


" 




10 Jeremiah White 


3 


" 




11 Alfd. W. McHatten 


4 


" 


appointed Sergt. Major 18th 
May 


12 Jacob Wilkerson 


[Privates! 


appointed 4 Corpl. 18th. May 


13 Thos. Hayden 








14 Robt. A Glenn 








15 Jefferson Coonrod 








16 Lewis Gay 








17 Stephen Combs 








18 Wm. B Rose 








19 Michael KUlion 






Sick & furlowd. 26th. May 


20 Stephen Hambaugh 






appointed 4 Sergt 13th. May 


21 Fleming Tice 






Sick & furlowd. 26th May 


22 Noah B. Ballard 






Sick & furlowd. 26th. May 


23 Jacob Richardson 








24 Aaron Richardson 








25 Luke Owen 








26 Benj Wilson 








27 Rosnel [Rosuel ?] Bryant 






28 Gabl. Dewit 








29 William Morris 








30 John H Starr 








31 John Davis 








32 Thos. Redick 








33 John D Crawford 








[34 Johns]ton Chapman 








35 Danl. Edmondson 








36 John Briscoe 








37 Thos. Sellars 








38 Alexander Vanwinell 








39 Danl. Moore 








[40] James Hill 









180 PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Enrolment 
No. Names Rank Where Remarks 

[41 Luster Seweard] 

[42 Joel] Eves 

[43] Cornelius Vandevanter furlowd. 10th May 

44 William McKee 

45 James Boothe 

46 John Vannatter Sick & furlowd. 19th May 

47 Benj. Palmer 

48 Aaron Earnest detailed in waggon service 

I Certify on honor that this Muster Roll [represents] the true State of Capt. Wm C 
Ralls Com[pany of Moujnted Volunteers [remainder of certificate illegible] 

Sig[ned at] the Mouth of Fox River the 28th day of IMay 1832 

Wm. C. Ralls Commanding 

I certify on honor that I have carefully Examined this Muster Roll, and that I have 
this 28th. day of May 183[2 mustered] and minutely inspected, for discharge, the 
a[bove named] Company of Mounted Volunteers in the B[rigade] commanded by 
Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 

ADS, DNA. The entire Buckmaster certificate The IHi roll was also made out and signed 

of inspection is in the handwriting of David by Ralls on May 28, but it does not have 

Prickett. the Buckmaster certificate. The names of two 

privates are spelled differently: Nos. 27, 
Columns 4, 6, 7, and 8 are omitted here. Rosnel [?] Briant, and 38, Alxander Van- 
Columns 4 and 6 state that the company was wincle. 
enrolled by Captain Ralls on April 23. 

Columns 7 and 8, "Period of Service" and i On the roll of Ralls's 20-day company, St. 

"Present," are blank. The bracketed portions Cyr's residence is given as St. Louis, Mis- 

of names are covered by mending tape on souri. 
the original roll, and the missing letters have 
been supplied from the roll in IHi: Stevens 
Coll. 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

[May 27, 1832] 

Muster Roll of the Field and staff Officers of the fifth Regment commanded by Coin. 
James Johnson of the Brigade of mounted Volenteers of Illinois militia commanded 
by Brigadier Genl. Samuel Whiteside Mustered out of service of the United states 
at the Mouth of Fox River the state of Illinois the 27 day of May 1832 distance from 
the place of Enrollment miles 







Enrollment 


Names 


Rank 


when 


& where 


James Johnson 


Colonel 


May 16 


Dixons Ferry 


Isiah Stillman 


Lieut Coin. 






David Baily 


Major 


Apl. 27th. 


Pekin 


James W Grain 


Adjutant 


Apl. 27th. 


Pekin 


Hugh Woodrow 


Qr Master 


Apl. 27th. 


Pekin 


David C. Alexander 


Pay Master 


Apl. 27th. 


Pekin 


Samuel Pilsberry 


Surgeon 


Apl. 27th. 


Pekin 


Danl. McCall 


Sargt. major 


Apl. 27th. 


Pekin 


Joshua C Morgan 


Qr Ms. Sargt. 


May 28th.i 


Dixons Ferry 



I certify on honour that this muster roll exhibits the true state of the field and Staff 
Officers of the 5th. Regiment of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia under the 
Command of Brigadier General Samuel Whiteside on this day and that the remarks 
set opposite their names are accurate and just 

Signed this 27 day of May 1832 

Jas. Johnson Colo. 5 R. Mounted Volunteers 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 5, 6, 7, 
and 8, headed "Who by," "Period of time," 
"Those present," and "Remarks," are omitted 
here. The fifth and sixth columns are blank 
in the original. Remarks in the eighth column 
follow the names of Lt. Col. Isaiah Stillman, 
"Absent in command by order," and Maj. 
David Bailey, "A[b]sent By order." All 
staff members are listed present except Bailey 
and Stillman. 

IHi also has a photostat of the mustering- 
out roll in DNA, which has one additional 
remark after the name of Colonel Johnson, 
"capt from 24 Apl to 16 May." Following 



Johnson's certificate on the DNA roll is the 
Kathaniel Buckmaster certificate of inspec- 
tion, made out and signed by David Prickett. 
On the DNA roll the major's name is 
spelled correctly as "Bailey." After Johnson's 
name in the column headed "\Mio by" is 
the entry "150 miles." 

1 "May 28" was written over the original 
entry "Apl. 27th.," despite the fact that the 
staff was mustered out May 27. On the 
DNA roster the date of Morgan's enrollment 
is given as May 20. 

The roll of Capt. Abner Eads's company 



181 



182 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Cam'paign of 1832 



states that Aquila Wren, formerly 1st sergeant 
of that company, was promoted to quarter- 
master sergeant May 17 and gives that as 



the date 
pany. 



of his "discharge" from the com- 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS, MAJOR ISAIAH STILL- 
MAN'S BATTALION AND MAJOR DAVID BAILEY'S 
BATTALION 

[Jan. 9, 1833] 

Roll of the Field and Staff officers of the Regiment of mounted volunteers of Illinois 
Militia, Ordered into t[he] service of the united states [by th]e Governor of the State, 
and also of the Field and Staff Officers of the two Battalions, (of which the said 
Regiment [was] composed, previously [in] service, acting as seperate and independant 
Corps, under seperate orders, in different parts of the state). One Ba[t]talion com- 
manded by Major David Bailey and one commanded by Brigadier Genl Isaiah Stilman 
as major, the Battalion commanded by Major Stilman having been seperated from 
the command of Col Johnson on the 21st. day of May 1832 and continued in service 
as a seperate and Independent Corps, until the 2oh. June 1832, the Battalion com- 
manded by Major Baily having been discharged on the 27h. May 1832, Major Baily 
being continued in service until the 16h. June 1832 



Names 



Commence- Terminal 

merit Hon Number Place 

Rank of of of of 

Service Service Days. Discharge 



James Johnson*i 


Colonel 


16 May 
1832 


27h May 
1832 


11 


Ottoway 


Isaiah Stilman* 


Major^ 


16 April 


25 June 


71 


Canton Fulton 






1832 


1832 




Co. 


Thomas W Taylor 


Adjutant 


" « 


" " 


« 


" " 


Andrew H Hunt 


Asst. Qr. 
Master 










Samuel Hackelton 


Asst. Comi- 
sary 


" " 


" " 


" 


" 


Joseph Donaldson 


Surgeon 


" " 


« « 


" 


" " 


Augustus Langworthy 


Asst. Sur- [Apr.]24h. " 


4h. May 


11 


" " 




[geon] 










David Bailey* 


Major 


[27] April 


27h. May 


31 


Ottoway 


James W Crain 


Adjutan[t] 


[" ] " 


27 May 


" 


" 


Hugh Woodrow 


Qr. Mas[ter] 


[" ] " 


" " 


" 


" 


David C Alexander 


Pay Mas[ter] 


[" ] " 


" " 


" 


" 


Samuel Pilsberry 


Surgeon 


[" ] " 


" " 


" 


" 


Daniel McCall* 


Sargt Major 


[" ] " 


" " 


" 


" 


Joshua C Morgan 


Qr. M Sargt. 


[20]h. May 


" " 


8 


" 



[NS] I have Examin[ed the] foregoing Muster Roll of the Field and Staff Officers of 
the Regiment commanded by Col Ja[m]es Johnson, and the Battalions comm[ande]d 
by Brigadier Gnl Isaiah Stilman, and Major David Bailey, and I find the Roll ex- 
hibits a [tru]e statement, of the names of the offi[cers,] their several Ranks, and 
period of service, and I certify, that the several officers whose names appear on the 
Roll, actually [ser]ved during the periods stated, and that the Regiment and Battalions 
were ordered int[o] service, and served as stated [in] the caption of the Rol[l.] I further 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



183 



certify that the Staff officers mustered as belonging to [th]e Battalion of Major Baily 
serv[ed] as the Staff officers of the Regiment of Col Johnson, during the period that 
the two Ba[tt]alions acted together and composed a Iv[eg]iment, from the 16h. May 
to the 21st May 1832, and that the Staff officers, as well as, the Fie[ld?] officers mus- 
tered, as belonging to the Battalion commanded [by] Brigadier Gnl Isaiah Stilman 
commanding as Major a part of the time, and as Lieutenant Colonel a part of the 
time, actually served during the period stated. 



Jany. 9th. 1833. 



John RejTiolds Gov. and Com. in chief 111. mil. 



[ANS] *Note — Colo. Johnson, Majors Stillman and Bailey, and Sergeant Major 
McCall have been paid by Paymaster Andrews. 



P. Mr. Gnls. Office 
March 14th. 1833. 



N[athan]. T[owson]. 



CD. DNA. The body of the roll is in the 
handwriting of William Thomas of Jackson- 
ville, Illinois, 



Peoria County, no travel. The last seven men 
on the roll were from Pekin, Tazewell County, 
100 miles. 



The last three columns, "Place of Resi- 
dence," "Traveling Distance," and "Re- 
marks," are omitted on this transcript. John- 
son was from Decatur, Macon County, 150 
miles traveling distance (presumably from 
place of discharge to place of residence) ; 
Stillman, Hunt, and Donaldson were from 
Canton, Fulton County, no traveling distance; 
Taylor was from Lewistown, Pulton County, 
15 miles travel; Hackleton (the correct spell- 
ing) was from Spoon River, Fulton County, 
20 miles ; Langworthy was from Peoria, 



There are two remarks on the roll. Isaiah 
Stillman was "appointed Lt Co[lo]nel 16h. 
May 1832," and Augustus Langworthy "Re- 
signed 24h, May at Home." 

1 The asterisks were added to the roll by 
Paj-master Gen. Nathan Towson ; see his 
note at the foot of the roll. 

2 He was appointed lieutenant colonel May 
16; see the source note above. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN G. ADAMS 

Muster Roll of Capt. John G Adams company of Mounted Volenteers belonging to 
the fifth Regment commanded by Coin. James Johnson of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volenteers of lUinois Militi[a] commanded by Brigadier Genl. Samuel Whiteside 
Mustered out of service of the United states at the mouth of Fox River The state of 
Iliino[is] on the 27 day of May 1832 distance miles from the place of Enrollment 



No of 








officers & 


Names 


Rank 


Retnarks 


privates 








1 


John G Adams 


Capt 


Killed in Battle May 14th 1832 


2 


Benj Briggs. 


1st Leut. 


absent on Escort of family 


3 


Jno 0. Hyde 


2nd Leut. 


able for Duty 


4 


Michell Reeder 


1st Sargt. 


able for Duty 


5 


James Wright 


2nd do 


Escaped in battle by orders 


6 


Seth Wilson 


3rd do 


able for Duty 


7 


John Ford 


4th do 


able for Duty 


8 


Henry Cline 


1st Corpl. 


able for Duty 


9 


Conaway Rhodes 


2nd Do 


on Duty 


10 


Hartsell Hittelli 


3rd Do 


on Duty 


11 


D Hanger 


4th Do 


on Escort of family 


12 


Champan Williamson 


privates 


on Duty 


13 


Phinnis Berry 


Do 


on Duty 



184 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No of 








officers & 


Names 


Rank 


Remarks 


privates 








14 


Robt Paisley 


Do 


on Duty 


15 


Geo W Hughs 


Do 


on Duty 


16 


Saml. Stout 


Do 


on Duty 


17 


Redick Council 


Do 


on Duty 


18 


Johnathan Haynes 


Do 


on Duty 


19 


Green Cullum 


Do 


on Duty 


20 


William Clime [Cline] 


Do 


on Duty 


21 


John Coffey 


Do 


on Duty 


22 


Reese Morgan 


Do 


on Duty 


23 


Jacob Ballard 


Do 


on Duty 


24 


Elmore Shoemaker 


Do 


on Duty 


25 


Benj Orendorff 


Do 


on Duty 


26 


Thomas Briggs 


Do 


on Duty 


27 


Geo Gorden 


Do 


on Duty 


28 


William A Hendricks 


Do 


on Duty 


29 


Saml. Henson 


Do 


on Duty 


30 


Orison Craig 


Do 


on Duty 


31 


Pinkney Dunbough 


Do 


on Duty 


32 


Abner Drum 


Do 


on Duty 


33 


James Conner 


Do 


on Duty 


34 


David Alexander 


do 


on Duty 


35 


Will Ryon 


Do 


on Duty 


36 


William Harper 


Do 


on Duty 


37 


Joseph Reeder 


Do 


on Duty 


38 


Johnathan Helm 


Do 


" Furlough 


39 


Saml Richey 


Do 


" Do 


40 


Bazwell Lewis 


Do 


" Do 


41 


Hugh McJenkins 


Do 


on Escort of family 


42 


Ferdinand Maxwell 


Do 


on do do 


43 


Joseph Landes 


Do 


on Furlough 


44 


Wm Ramsey 


Do 


on Escort of family 


45 


Danl. Carter 


Do 


on Furlough 


46 


Jas. Summer 


Do 


on Furlough 


47 


Eli Bemis 


Do 


on Furlough 


48 


Jno Paul 


Do 


on Escort of family 


49 


Saml Baxter 


Do 


Do Do Do 


50 


Stephen S McCann 


Do 


on Furlough 


51 


Jno M Barlow 


Do 


on Furlough 


52 


Isaac Perkins 


Do 


KUld in Battle May 14 1832 


53 


David Kreeps 


Do 


do do do 


54 


Zadock Mendinall 


Do 


do Do Do 


55 


Dr Jas S Evans 


Do 


Deserted May 16h 1832 


56 


Jas Judy 


Do 


do do do 


57 


Jesse Date 


Do 


on Furlough 


58 


Jas W Cram 


Do 


appointed adjutant 


59 


Alexd. McKnight 


Do 


Furlough 


60 


David Alexander 


Do 


appointed Paymaster 



I Certify on honour that this Muster Roll exhibits the true State of Captain John 
G. Adams Company M[oun]ted Volunteers now commanded by Capt. Benjn Briggs 
of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers under the command of Bri[g]adier Genl. Samuel 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



185 



Whiteside on this day and that the remarks set opposite the names of the men are 
accurate & just signed this 27th day of May 1832 

John O Hyde Comnandint Lieutenant 

Mustered & countersigned this 28th day of May 1832 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, and that I have 
this 27th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected, for discharge the above 
named company of Mounted Volunteers, in the Brigade commanded by Brig. Genl. 
Samuel Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



DS, DNA. The Buckmaster certificate is in 
the handwriting of David Prickett. A pen- 
ciled note on the face of the roll says, "See 
deposition of Capt Briggs for other names." 
A note on the back of the roll reads, "90 
miles to Pekin from the Mouth of Fox 
River." 

Columns 4 through 9 of the original roll 
are omitted here. Entries in Columns 4-8, 
dealing with enrollment, show that all com- 
pany members were enrolled by J. G. Adams 
at Pekin on April 27, 1832, for 20 days' 
service. Column 9 lists the company members 
present on May 27; absentees are indicated 
in the "Remarks" column. Names spelled 
differently in the ninth column are those of 
2d Corp."Conway Rhods ; 3d Corp. H. Hittle ; 
and Pvts. 17, R. Concil; 20, W. Cline, and 
29, S. Hanson. 

Another mustering-out roll, in a different 
handwriting but signed by Hyde, is in IHi : 
Stevens Coll. The IHi roll includes one 
private, James Boothe, marked absent with- 
out leave, who is not on the DNA roll. The 
following are names with spelling variations 
from those above: 1st Sgt. Mitchel Reeder; 



2d Corp. Conaway Roades; 3d Corp. Hartsel 
Hittle; 4th Corp. David Hanger; and Pvts. 
12, Chapman Williamson; 13, Phinis Berry; 
19, Green Cullom; 20, William Cline; 21, 
John Coffe; 22, Rees Morgan; 25, Benj. 
Orendoff; 27, George Gordon; 28, William 
A. Hendrix; 29, Samuel Hanson; 31, Pinck- 
ney Dunbaugh; 35, William Ryan; 38, 
Jonathan Helm; 39, Samuel Ritchie; 40, 
Basdal Lewis; 46, James Summers; 50, 
Stephen S. McCan ; 53, David Creps ; 54, 
Zadock Mendenhall; 57, Jesse Dale; 58, 
James W. Crane; 59, Alexander McNaugh- 
ton. 

1 Michael Hittle, also of Tazewell County, 
approved for his biography the statement 
that he too had served in this company and 
had participated in the battle of May 14; 
see Tazeivcll County (1879), 550. No record 
of his service has been found. Michael Hittle 
and Hartsell Hittle were two men and not, 
as is sometimes the case, alternate names for 
one person; see Mrs. George Spangler, "Early 
Marriages in Tazewell County," Journal of 
the Illinois State Historical Society, XIV 
(1921-1922) : 138, 145. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN MERRITT L. COVELL 

Muster Roll of Capt M. L. Covells Company of Mounted Volunteers belonging to 
the Fifth Regiment commanded by Colonel James Johnson of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volunteers of Illinois Militia Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whiteside 
mustered out of Service of the United States at the mouth of Fox River the State of 
Illinois on the 27th day of May 1832 distance 130 miles from the place of Enrollment 



No. of 










officers & 




Enrollment 




Privates Names 


Rank 


when & 


where 


Remarks 


1 M. L. Covell 


Captain 


Bloomington Apl. 23 




2 Asahel Gridley 


1st. Lieut. 


Do 


Do 


absent with leave 


3 Moses Baldwin 


2nd Do 


Do 


Do 


absent with leave 


4 Baley H. Coffee 


1st. Sergt. 


Do 


Do 


Do Do Do 


5 Isaac Murfey 


2nd Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do Do 


6 David Simmons 


3d Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do Do 



186 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. of 














officers 


& 




Enrollment 






Privates Names 


Rank 


when & 


where 


Remarks 


7 


Charles Gates 


4" Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


8 


Charles Vezay 


1st Corporal 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


9 


Henry Miller 


2nd Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


10 


Reuben Dodson 


3d Do 


Do 


Do 






11 


Samuel Durley 


4" Do 


Do 


Do 


absent with leave 


12 


John Toliver 


private 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


13 


Samuel Gilpin 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


14 


William Dimmet 


Do 


Do 


Do 






15 


William McCullough 


Do 


Do 


Do 






16 


Stephen F. Gates 


Do 


Do 


Do 






17 


Francis Provo 


Do 


Do 


Do 






18 


Isaiah Davenport 


Do 


Do 


Do 






19 


James Phillips 


Do 


Do 


Do 






20 


Thomas Brown 


Do 


Do 


Do 






21 


Mathew Harbert 


Do 


Do 


Do 






22 


Bryant Young 


Do 


Do 


Do 






23 


Clement Oatman 


Do 


Do 


Do 






24 


Robt. A. Harbert 


Do 


Do 


Do 


absent 


with leave 


25 


William Copes 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


26 


John Funk 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


27 


John Isham 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


28 


John Lundy 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


29 


James Orrendorff 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


30 


John Vittito 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


31 


Benjamin Conger 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


32 


Timothy Simpson 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


33 


Charles Johnson 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


34 


Thomas Rutledge 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


35 


George Wiley 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


36 


Anderson Young 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


37 


James Paul 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


38 


Henry Busick 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


39 


Jesse Vandoler 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


40 


Robt. F. Harris 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


41 


Alexander Davis 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


42 


WiUiam McKee 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


43 


Baley Kimler 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


44 


Reuben Windham 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


45 


John Slatten 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


46 


Martin C. Ellis 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


47 


Joseph Draper 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Killed i 


in Battle 












AprU [May] 14, 












1832 





I certify On Honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of the Company 
of Mounted Volunteers under my Command of Illinois Militia of the Brigade of 
Mounted Volunteers under the Command of Brigadier General Samuel Whiteside 
On this day and that the remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and 
just— Signed this 27h. Day of May 1832 

M. L. Covell Capt. Commanding the Company 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



187 



ADS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Omitted here are 
Columns 6, 7, and 8, headed "who by," 
"Period of Time," and "Those Present." 
The company was enrolled by Captain 
Covell. Under "Period of Time" the entry 
"36 days" is marked true for each man. 
Those men not on leave are listed in the 
eighth column. 

Another mustering-out roll, also made out 
and signed by Covell, is in DNA (IHi has 
photostat). The only difference in the two 
rolls is that the DNA roster has the Nathaniel 
Buckmaster certificate of inspection in the 
handwriting of David Prickett. 



The company receipt roll (original in DNA) 
also lists forty-seven men and bears account 
number 17155 of Paymaster Timothy Patrick 
Andrews. Total pay for the company 
amounted to $1,622.17; average pay for 
privates was $33.76 for service of one month 
and 4 days. William Thomas signed as wit- 
ness to the paj-ment. Joseph Draper's pay 
was received by John S. Draper, "Father and 
representative." 



Each ofiBcer certified that 
ployed the servant for 
was paid. 



actually em 
allowance he 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ROBERT McCLURE 

Muster Roll of Capt. Robert McCkire's Company of Mounted Volunteers belonging 
to the fifth Regiment commanded by Col. James Jonson of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volunteers of Illinois Militia commanded by Brigadier Genl. Whiteside's Mustered 
out of service of the United States at the Mouth of Fox River, State of Illinois on 
the Twenty seventh day of May 1832 distance One hundred and Thirty (130) miles 
from the place of enrollment. 



Nooj 










officers 


Names 


Rank 


Enrollment 


Enrollment 


& persons 




when 


where 


1 


Robert McClure 


Capt 


May 4th 1832 


McLean County 


2 


John H. S. Rodes 


1 Lieut. 


do 


do 


3 


Thomas Glenn 


2 Lieut 


do 


do 


4 


Chany Thomas 


1 Sargt. 


do 


do 


5 


Charles S Dorsey 


2 Sargt 


do 


do 


6 


Eli Frankeberger 


3 Sargt 


do 


do 


7 


James G Rayburn 


4 Sargt 


do 


do 


8 


David Maxwill 


1st Corpl 


do 


do 


9 


Levi Danley 


2nd do 


do 


do 


10 


John W Brown 


3d do 


do 


do 


11 


Owen Chaney 


4th do 


do 


do 


12 


John Benson 


Private 


do 


do 


13 


Anderson Miller 


do 


do 


do 


14 


Henry Hamly [Hanely ?] 


do 


do 


do 


15 


Bundrew Darnil 


do 


do 


do 


16 


Phineas Ewing 


do 


do 


do 


17 


Martin Scott 


do 


do 


do 


18 


Thomas Rogers 


do 


do 


do 


19 


James Benson 


do 


do 


do 


20 


Jesse Oatman 


do 


do 


do 


21 


James Davis 


do 


do 


do 


22 


Nathan Ruth 


do 


do 


do 


23 


Jesse Ashburn 


do 


do 


do 


24 


John Fordyce 


do 


do 


do 


25 


Elliot H Baker 


do 


do 


do 


26 


Allen Patrick 


do 


do 


do 


27 


Thomas A McCord 


do 


do 


do 



188 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 183^ 



No of 










officers 


Names 


Rank 


Enrollment 


Enrollment 


& persons 




when 


where 


28 


Josiah Moore 


do 


do 


do 


29 


Jacob Popes [Copes] 


do 


do 


do 


30 


Absalom Hamilton 


do 


do 


do 


31 


James Barr 


do 


do 


do 


32 


James Lundy 


do 


do 


do 


33 


Wm. G Wright 


do 


do 


do 


34 


Ebenezer Chaney 


do 


do 


do 


35 


Harrison Lane 


do 


do 


do 


36 


Elisha Dixon 


do 


do 


do 


37 


John E Davidson 


do 


do 


do 


38 


Jonathan Baker 


do 


do 


do 


39 


Joseph Benington 


do 


do 


do 


40 


William Burns 


do 


do 


do 


41 


Thadeas Bowman 


do 


do 


do 


42 


Matthew Martin 


do 


do 


do 


43 


William Blair 


do 


do 


do 


44 


Madison Howard 


do 


do 


do 


45 


Henry Ball 


do 


do 


do 


46 


Henry H Harrison 


Served five days as a pilot 


from Dixons to the 



mouth of Fox River. 

I certify on Honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true State of the company of 
mounted Volunteers under my command of Illinois militia of the Brigade of mounted 
volunteers under the command of Brigadier General Samuel White Side on this day 
and that the remarks Set opisite the names of the men are accurate and just Signed 

this 27th day of may 1832 

Robert McClure capt commanding the company 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 6, 7, 8, and 
9 of the original roll are omitted here. They 
show that company members were enrolled 
by Captain McClure for 30 days and that 
all were present at the muster-out. Column 
9, headed "Remarks," is blank. 

IHi also has a photostat of the official 
mustering-out roll in DNA. The DNA roll 
was probably signed by McClure. The clerk 
who made out the body of the DNA roll 
is the man who signed McClure's name to 
the IHi roll. The DNA roU is endorsed 



"Vou. 30. Andrews 17155B," and has the 
Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of inspec- 
tion in the handwriting of David Prickett. 

Names with spelling variations on the DNA 
roll: Nos. 4, Chaney Thomas; 7, James G. 
Reyburn ; 8, David Maxvill; 14, Henry 
Hainley ; 15, Bundren Darnel; 16, Phines 
Ewing; 20, Jessee Oafman; 23, Jessee 
Ashburn; 24, John Fordice ; 25, Eliott H. 
Baker; 29, Jacob Copes; 33, Wm. G. Right; 
38, Johnithan Baker; 40, Wm. Burnes ; 41, 
Thadius Bowman ; 42, Mathew Martin. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES JOHNSON 

{Later Isaac C. Pugh's) 



Muster Roll of captain I. C. Pugh's company of mounted Volunteers belonging to 
the Fifth Regiment commanded by colonel James Johnson of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volunteers of Illinois Militia commanded by Brigadier Genl. Samuel Whiteside mus- 
tered out of service of the united States at the mouth of Fox River the State of Illinois 
on the 27th day of May 1832 distance 150 miles from the place of Enrollment 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



189 



No of 










Officers 








& 


Names 


Rank 


Enrollment 


Remarks 


Privates 




where 




1 


James Johnson 


Capt 


Decatur, Macon 
County 


Promoted May 16th 
1832 


2 


William Warnick 


1st Liut 


do 


absent with leave 


3 


I. C. Pugh 


2d. do 


do 


Promoted to capt May 
16th 1832 


4 


John D. Wright 


1 Sergt. 


do 


absent on extra duty 


5 


James A Ward 


2d do 


do 


Promoted to 2d lieut 
May 16 1832 


6 


Walter Bowles 


3d do 


do 


absent with leave 


7 


Joseph Hanks 


4th do 


do 




8 


Henry M Gorin 


1 Corpl. 


do 




9 


Stephen B Shepherd 


2d do 


do 




10 


George Coppenberger 


3d do 


do 


absent with leave 


11 


James Milton 


4th do 


do 


killed in battle 


12 


Asher Simpson 


Private 


do 




13 


Alexander W. Ball [Bell] 


do 


do 




14 


Abraham Black 


do 


do 




15 


Daniel McCall 


do 


do 




16 


David W. Steward 


do 


do 


absent on extra duty 


17 


Elisha Butler 


do 


do 




18 


George D. Smallwood 


do 


do 




19 


John Hanks 


do 


do 




20 


Jacob Lane 


do 


do 




21 


John Henderson 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


22 


James Querry 


do 


do 




23 


James Miller 


do 


do 




24 


John Manly 


do 


do 




25 


James Ennis 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


26 


John Clifton 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


27 


Jesse Dickey 


do 


do 


wounded in battle 


28 


John Williams 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


29 


John Murphey 


do 


do 




30 


Jacob Black 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


31 


James Herrod 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


32 


Kinian Ingram 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


33 


Obediah Hooper 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


34 


Robert Smith 


do 


do 




35 


Saml. B. Dewees 


do 


do 




36 


Saml. Miller 


do 


do 




37 


Saml. Troxel 


do 


do 




38 


Thomas Davenport 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


39 


William Hanks 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


40 


William Adams 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


41 


William Miller 


do 


do 




42 


William Hooper 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


43 


William Cox 


do 


do 


absent with leave 


44 


Josiah Clifton 


do 


do 


absent with leave 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of the company of 
Mounted Volunteers under my command of the Illinois Militia, of the Brigade of 



190 



TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



mounted Volunteers under the command of Brigadier Genl. Samuel Whiteside on 
this day and that the Remarks set oposite the names of the men are acurate and just 
Signed Fox River Illinois this 27 day of May 1832 

I. C. Pugh Capt commanding the company 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 4, 6, 7, 
and 8 are omitted here. Column 4 gives the 
date of enrollment as April 24 ; Column 
6, "Who by," is blank; Column 7, "Period 
of time," has the entry "35 days" checked 
true for each man; Column 8 lists those 
men present at the muster-out. Absentees 
are shown in the "Remarks" column. Jesse 
Dickey, No. 27, is listed present despite 
the fact that he is marked "wounded." 

Another DS roll of the same date is in 
DNA; IHi has photostat. The DNA roll has 
the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of in- 



spection in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. Two absentees, not listed above, 
are shown on the DNA roster as Nos. 17, 
Elisha Butler, "absent with leave," and 
20, Jacob Lane, "absent on extra duty." 
The remark opposite James Johnson's name 
states that he was "Promoted May 16th 
To Colonel." 

Names with spelling variations on the DNA 
roll: Nos. 9, Stephen R. Shepherd; 13, 
Alexander W. Bell; 16, David H. Steward; 
and 29, John Murphy. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ASEL F. BALL 

Return Roll of Capt. Asel F. Balls Company of Mounted Volunteers under the Com- 
mand of Brigr. Genl. Stillman acting as Major for the Battallion according to the 
orders of the 16th April 1832 received from the Commander in Chief of this State 
and entered into the Service of the United States 

— Lewistown Fulton County June 26" 1832 

Names Rank date Remarks 







1832 


Asel F. Ball 


Captn. 


April 28 


William D. Baldwin 


Is Liut. 


May 15 


David S. Baughman 


2nd. do 


April 28 


William Miner 


It Sergt. 


do. 28 


John Walters 


2nd. do. 


do 28 


Joseph L. Sharp 


2nd. do. 


May 15 


John Herriford 


3d. do. 


April 28 


John Thompson 


4th. do 


" " 


Thomas J. Welsh 


1st Corpl. 


May 15 


Francis Irwin 


2nd do 


" 15 


Thomas Walters 


3rd. do 


April 28 


Hugh Finley 


4th do 


" 28 


Jonathan Cazad 


Musician 


May 15 


Ethelbert Arrington 


private 


April 28 


Ebenezar Walling 


do. 


" 28 


Dempson Garron 


do. 


" 28 


Elmsley Foutes 


do. 


" 28 




private 


28 April 


Norman Scovel 


" " 


" " 


Nathan Austin 


private 


28 April 


Thomas Morris 


do. 


28 « 



Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified $35.50 

Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified by him $15. 

" " " in Battle & Certified by him $7.25 

Killed in Battle on the 14th May 1832 Amt of lost 

in Battle $21. 
Appointed 2nd Sergt. on the 15 day of May in place 

of John Walters Killed 
Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified — $26. 



Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified $9.37^ 
" " « « " $10.25 

Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified $30.50 

" « « « $21,123^ 

Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified $ 5.25 

« « a « « $25.75 

« « « « « $24,873^ 

« « « " « « « « $11. 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



191 



Names 


Rank 


date 


Remarks 


Sylvester Whipple 






28 


« 




Zacheius Howard 


" 


" 


28 


" 


Amt of property lost in Battle & Certified $ 9.00 


Williamson Thaxton 


do 


do 


28 


" 


" " " " " $ 5.50 


Thomas Langford 


do 


do 


28 




" " " " " $17. One 
horse Killed by light[n]ing & appraised and sworn 

to $75. 


Andrew H. Maxfield 






28 




" « « " " $31.75. 1 
Horse $40. 


Levering Dunawin 


do 


do 


28 


" 


" " " " " $12.62 


John Walters 


do 


do 


28 


" 


" " " " " $ 6.75 


James Ellis 


do 


do 


28 


" 


" " " " « $12.25 


Mosses F. Freeman 


private 


May 15 




Seten Harness 


private 


" 


15 




John Brush 




" 


" 


15 




Price Kendrick 




" 


" 


15 




Henry Harwick 




" 


" 


15 




Simon Lanperrel [?] 




" 


" 


15 




George Anderson 




" 


" 


15 




Charles Wilson 


" 


" 


" 


15 




Adam Murphy 


« 


« 


" 


15 




Harvy Foster 


" 


" 


" 


15 




James M. Foster 


" 


" 


" 


15 




William Barker 


" 


" 


" 


15 




Jacob Yunt 


" 


" 


" 


15 




James Morgan 


" 


" 


" 


15 




Thomas Dorris 


" 


" 


" 


15 




William Hill 


" 


" 


" 


15 




Aim [in ?] Carry 


" 


" 


" 


15 




James Laswell 


" 


" 


" 


15 





I certify that the above return Roll of all of the Mounted Volunteers under my 
Comm[a]nd is a correct return, and of all the property lost in Battle and otherwise 
by the Said Volunteers and who have duly certified on oath before an Acting Justice 
of the Peace. — Lewiston Fulton County June 26 1832 

Asel F Ball Capt 

[ANS] I Certify, on Honor, That I have carefully examined this Muster Roll of the 
above Named Battalion, and find it correct. Lewiston Fulton Cy. Ills June 26th 1832. 

Thos. Wm. Taylor Brigr. Major 5 Br. 1 Ds. Ills. M 
Acting Adjt. for the above Named Battalion 

Amt. of Rations Received by Captain Asel F. Balls Company 



Pork 

lb 
640 M 


Flour 

lb 
1402K 


Corn 
Bu peck 
6. lOH 


Salt 

lb 

60K 


Soap 
lb 

7 


Whiskey 
Gal qts pt 
16. 3. 1 


Beans 

qts pt 
4. 1 


Beef 
lb 
576 


Tea 
lb 



[NS] I certify, on Honor, that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, and that 
I have this the Seventeenth day of September 1832: Mustered and Minutely In- 



192 PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



spected the above named company of Said Battalli[on] on the 25 day June 1832, & 
Discharged the Same 

Hiram M Currey Inspector & Mustering officer 

DS, DNA. The roll is in the handwriting of The company was enrolled by Isaiah Still- 
Thomas William Taylor. Endorsed: "Reed. man in Fulton County and discharged June 
Octr. 19." Columns 4-8, omitted here, 25, 1832. The time of service is given as 
are headed "Enrolment," "By Whom," 58 days for those who enrolled April 28, 
"Where," "Time of service," "When Dis- and 41 days for those who enrolled May 
charged out of service." 15. John Walters, who was killed in battle, 

is credited with 16 days. 



Fifth Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade 



193 



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PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



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TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 









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Spy Battalion, Whiteside's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Rank Roll of the field and Staff officers of the Spy Battalion of Mounted Volunteers 
of Illinois Militia composing part of a Brigade under the command of Brig. Gen. 
Samuel Whiteside, mustered out of service at the Mouth of Fox River May 27th. 1832 







Residence 




Names 


Rank 


from place 


Names 






of discharge^ 


Present 


James D Henry 


Major 


175 Miles 


James D Henry 


Wm. L. E. Morrison 


Adjutant 


240 Miles 


Wm L. E. Morrison 


Montgomory Warrick 


Qr. Master 


175 Miles 


On Furlough 


Robert Blackwell 


Pay Master 


240 Miles 


On Extra duty 


Joseph C. Woodson 


Surgeon 


250 Miles 


Joseph C. Woodson 


Peter Randle 


1st. Do. Mate 


250 " 


On Extra duty 


Benjamin Birch 


2nd. Do. Do. 


175 Miles 


Benjamin Birch 


M. E. Rattan 


Sergt Major 


230 " 


M. E Rattan 


John F Posey 


Qr. Mas. Sergt. 


240 " 


John F Posey 


Jesse. M. Harrison 


Pay Master Sergt. 


175 " 


Jesse M. Harrison 


Wm. Cook 


Colour Bearer 


230 " 


Wm. Cook 



I certify upon honour that this Rank Roll exhibits a true state of the Staff officers in 
the Spy Battalion composing a part of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers under 
the command of Brigadier General Samuel Whiteside called into the service of the 
United States, and this day mustered out of service, & that the remarks set opposite 
the names of the officers are accurate & just. 

James D Henry Commanding Spy Battalion 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. The third column 
of the original roll, omitted here, gives the 
date of commission for all staff officers as 
May 26. 

1 Staff officers Henry, Warrick, Birch (cor- 
rectly "Burch"), and Harrison were from 
Sangamon; Morrison, Blackwell, and Posey 
were from Fayette; Cook and Rattan were 
from Greene; and Randle was from Madison. 



From the mileages given, it seems likely 
that Woodson was also from Madison 
County. The Aug. 14, 1832, issue of the 
Illinois Advocate [Edwardsville] states, "Dr. 
Woodson, Having settled in Edwardsville, 
offers his professional services to the citi- 
zens of IMadison County." This notice im- 
plies that Dr. Woodson's settlement in 
Madison County came after his service in 
the Black Hawk War. 



201 



202 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN THOMAS CARLIN 

Muster Roll of Capt. Thomas Carlins Company of the Odd Battallion of Speis com- 
manded by Majr James D. Henry of the Brigade of mounted volunteers of Ills, 
commanded by Brigr. Genl. Whiteside mustered out of Service of the United States 
of America at the mouth of Fox River of the Illinois River on the 28th. day of may 
1832. distant 230 miles from the place of enrollment. 









Enrollment 




No. 


Names 


Rank 


where 


Reynarks 


1 


Thomas Carlin 


Capt. 


CarroUton 




2 


Jesse V. Mounts 


1st. Lt. 


" 




3 


George D. Samms 


2d. Lt. 


" 




4 


Mearel Rattan 


1st. Sert. 


" 


Appointed Sergeant Majr 
28th. Apr. 1832. 


5 


David Thruston 


2d. " 


" 




6 


James Gilliland 


3d. " 


" 


Attached to Capt. Chapmans 



7 Harrison Boggus 



4th. 



8 Lewis B. Edwards 


1st 


. Corp. 


9 Josiah Ashlock 


2d. 


" 


10 William Cook 


3d. 


" 


11 William Finley 


4tl 




12 William H. Dulane[y] 


Private 


13 William Hoskins 




« 


14 William Pinkerton 




" 


15 Williamson Banning 




" 


16 William GUliland 




" 


17 William H Whiteside 




« 


18 John F. Pinkerton 




" 


19 John C. Williams 




" 


20 John Jackson 




« 


21 John B. Whiteside 




" 


22 Joshua Abner 




" 


23 James Short 




" 


24 Joseph Linder 




" 


25 John Courtney 




« 


26 John Cook 




" 


27 Jonathan Hill 




" 


28 John Hewitt jr 




« 


29 James Carlin 




« 


30 James Moore 




u 


31 Larkin Rattan 




« 


32 ElanEldred 




" 


33 John Ashlock 




« 


34 Edward Crabb 




« 


35 Howell Dawdy 




« 



Company about 28th. April 
1832 
Lost his horse by an affright 
of the horses on the night 
of the 22d. may 1832 



Appointed Surgion of the 2d. 
Rigt. Apr. 30th. 1832 



Attached to Capt. Chapman's 
Compay 28th. Apr. 1832 



Never appeared after enroll- 
ment. 



Appointed first Sergeant Apr. 
28th. 1832 



Spy Battalion, Whiteside's Brigade 



203 



No. 



Names 



Enrollment 
Rank where 



Remarks 



36 Silas Eldred 

37 Silas Crane 

38 Samuel Hess 



39 Giorge Linder 

40 Philemon Reno 

41 Preston Bogus 

42 Reuben Herrick 

43 Robert King 

44 Robert [Tolbert] Edwards 

45 Thomas Hopper 

46 Valentine A. Gibbs 

47 Zariah Finley 

48 Henry B. Pinkerton 

49 David Moore 

50 Starlin Thackston 

51 Joseph Woodson 

52 John W. Scott 



53 Thomas D. Scott 

54 Roswell H. Spence 

55 Luther Tunnell 



56 William Tunnell 

57 John Reddish 



Lost his horse on the night of 
the 16th. may after a forced 
march from Sickamore Cr 
to Dixons ferry 



Appointed Surgion to Spy 
Battn. Apr. 26th. 1832 

Detailed on express 21st. Apr. 
& rejoined Compay 15th. 
may 1832. 



Lost his horse night of 22d. 

may by an affright of the 

horses in the night. 
Lost his hors by the same 



I certify on honour that this muster Roll exhibits the true State of Capt. Thomas 
Carlins Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day and that the 
remarks set opposite their respective names are accurate & just. 

Signed at the mouth of Fox River of the Ills. River the 28th day of May 1832. 

Thomas Carlin Capt. Co. Mounted Volunteers. 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. The entire roll is 
in the handwriting of James Sample. 
Columns 4, G, 7, and 8 are omitted. 
Columns 4 and 6 state that the company 
was enrolled on April 20 by Captain Carlin. 
The seventh, period of enrollment, is blank. 
In the eighth column all those present at 
the muster-out are listed. The only absen- 
tees were Kos. 4, Mearel E. Rattan; 6, 
James Gilliland; 12, William H. Dulaney; 
16, William Gilliland; and 19, John C. 
Williams. Joseph Woodson, No. 51, who 
was appointed to the battalion staff, is 
listed as present with the company at the 
muster-out. 

IHi has three other rosters of this company. 



The official mustering-out roll in DNA 
(photostat in IHi) was signed by "Tho. 
Carlin" and has the Nathaniel Buckmaster 
certificate of service in the handwriting of 
David Prickett. The DNA roll gives differ- 
ent dates and places of enrollment for four 
men: Nos. .51, Joseph Woodson, enrolled 
at Beardstown on April 26; 54. Roswell 
H. Spencer, enrolled at Rock Island on May 
8; and 55 and 56, Luther and William 
Tunnell, enrolled at Rock Island on Mav 
10. 

The followincr variations in names are 
given on the DNA roll: Nos. 4, Mearel E. 
Rattan; 5, David Thurston; 7, Harison 
Boggess; 12, William H. Dulany; 28, John 



204 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Huitt jnr. ; 39, George Linder; 40, Phil- 
lamon Reno; 41, Preston Bogus; 42, Rheu- 
bin Herrick; 44, Talbert Edwards; 47, 
Zuriah Finley; 55, Luther Tunnel; 56, Wil- 
liam Tunnel. 

A property roll for Carlin's company, signed 
by James Turney and Jesse V. Mounts, 
April 26, 1832, at Beardstown, omits six 
of the men above: 19, John C. Williams; 
51, Joseph Woodson; 52, John W. Scott; 
54, Roswell H. Spencer; 55, Luther Tun- 
nell; and 56, William Tunnell. 

The property roll gives Elen [Elon] Eldred, 
No. 32 above, as 1st sergeant and Preston 
Bogus [Boggess], No. 41, as 3d sergeant. 
Names spelled differently on the property 
roll, in addition to Elen Eldred, are Nos. 
3, Geo. Davidson Sams; 4, Meril Rattan; 
5, David Thurston; 6, James Gilleland; 7, 
Harrison Bogus; 8, Lewis D. Edwards; 12, 
William H. Dulaney; 13, William Hauskins; 
14, William Pinkarton ; 15, Williamson 
Baning; 16, Wm. Gilleland; 18, John F. 
Pinkarton; 28, John Huitt; 31, Larkin Rat- 
tin; 35, Howel Dody; 39, George Linder; 



40, Philemon Rano; 44, Tolbert Edwards; 
47, Zury Finley; 48, Henry B. Pinkarton; 
50, Sterling Thaxton; 57, John Reddisk. 

A mustering-in roll, signed by John J. 
Hardin at Beardstown on April 28, 1832, 
is also in IHi. This roll does not list either 
Spencer or the Tunnells, Nos. 54-56 above. 
The only remark on the roll follows the 
name of John W. Scott, No. 52: "detached 
on express by the commander in chief April 
21st. 1832 and rejoined the company May 
the 18th. 1832." Name variations: 2, Jesse 
V. Mount; 4, M. E. Rattan; 5, David 
Thurston; 7, Harrison Boggess; 9, Josiah 
Ashloe; 11, William Findley; 12, Wm. H. 
Dulany; 17, Wm. H. Whitesides; 21, John 
B. Whitesides; 28, John Huitt Junr. ; 32, 
Elon Eldred; 37, Silas Grain; 39, George 
Linder; 40, Philoman Reno; 41, Preston 
Boggess; 44, Talbert Edwards; 47, Uriah 
Findley; and 50, Starlin Thaxton. 

The April 28 roll gives the distance from 
the place of enrollment to the place of 
mustering-in as 60 miles. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN DAWSON 

Muster roll of Captain John Dawson's Company of Mounted men, composing one of 
the companies of the Spy Battalion commanded by Majr. James D Henry, now in the 
service of the United States commanded by Brigadier Genl. Samuel Whitesides, and 
mustered out of said service on the 28th of May 1832. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



When 



Where 



1 John Dawson 


Capt. 


21st April 


Sangamo 






1832 


County 


2 Wm. Pickrell 


1st Lieut. 


" 


" 


3 John Hornback 


2nd. Do 


" 


" 


4 Corbin C. Judd 


1st Sergt. 


" 


« 


5 Harrison McGary 


2nd Do. 


« 


« 


6 John Brewer 


3rd. Do. 


" 


« 


7 John Retherford 


4th. Do. 


on parole 




8 Thos. J Knox 


1st. Corp. 


" 


« 


9 John Wright 


2nd Do. 


" 


" 


10 Seymore R Vanmeter 


3rd. Do. 


" 


« 


11 Hugh McGary 


4th. Do. 


" 


« 


12 Michael Killyon 


Privates 


" 


« 


13 Jeremiah Kelly 


« 


" 


« 


14 James Brown 


" 


" 


« 


15 John Bracken 


" 


" 


« 


16 John Sroggins 


" 


« 


« 


17 John Rodger 


" 


" 


« 


18 Samuel Wade 


" 


" 


« 


19 Adam Venus 


« 


" 


« 


20 Joseph Black 


" 


" 


« 


21 Wm. Clark 


" 


« 


" 



Spy Battalion, Whiteside's Brigade 



205 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



When 



Where 



Jacob Williams 
John Martin 
Joseph Wages 
Archelas Desnon [?] 
Zachariah Moreland 
Joel Minor 
Jacob Killyon 
Wm. White 
John Rentfro 
Jesse Hornback 
John Bridges 
Wm. Kelly 
John C. Strader 
Benjamin Burch 

Benjamin Cherry 
Jacob Martin 
Lewis Churchill 
Clemon Strickland 
John Ward 
James Smith 
Jacob G Warwick 
Lewis Barney 
George B Lucas 
Alfred Powell 
Joseph Rayborn 
Solomon Brundage 
Wm. Lobb 
Jesse M Harrison, 

John Ridgway 
Squire Foster 
William Crane 
Robert Hughs [?] 
John Musick • 
Saml. Evans 
Montgomery Warwick 

Calahill Stone 
George Green 
James M Read 
Hugh Barrett 
Jefferson Martin 
Charles Turley 
Johnathan H. Pugh 
Wm. B Short 
Zadock Morgan 
Edward Jones 
George W Glasscock 
Joseph F Garrard 
James Taylor 
John T Stewart 
Ethelbert S Olephant 



in place of Wm. Johnson 



promoted to 2nd. Sergeon Mate of the above Battalion 
on the 26th. April. 



Discharged at Beardstown 30th. April, 
on parole 



promoted on 26th. April to Pay Master Sergt. in the 

within Battalion 
Discharged 3rd. May 



in place of John Critz 

promoted to Quarter Master on the 26 April to the with- 
in named Battalion & on parole. 



" on parole 

on parole 

30th April 
28th April 
30th April 



Transfered from the Company of Capt. 
Levi W Goodan of 4th. Regt. on the 
1st. day of May to the within named 
company. 



206 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



When 



Where 



Lorenzo D Matheny 
Wm. L Potts 
James F Reid 
Presley A Sanders 
David Dickerson 
John Keys 
Elijah Hies 



[Transfered from the Company of Capt. 
Levi W Goodan of 4th. Regt. on the 
1st. day of May to the within named 
company.] 



I do certify that the above roll, contains a correct account with the remarks annexed, 
of the company under my command composing one company of Battalion commanded 
by Majr. James D Henry now in the service of the United States under the command 
of Genl. Whitesides — Given under my hand at the mouth of Fox River on the 28th. 
May 1832 

John Dawson Opt. 

Entitled to Forty eight & a half days service 

Computed distance from the place of enrolment 175 Miles 

J Dawson Cpt. 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. The last column, 
omitted here, shows that the company was 
enrolled by Captain Dawson. The mustering- 
out roll in DKA may be an ADS; IHi has 
a photostat. The DNA roll differs only in 
that it has the Nathaniel Buckmaster cer- 
tificate of inspection, in the handwriting 
of David Prickett, and a few spelling 
variations. The names which differ are 
those of Nos. 45, Alphred Powell; 71, 
Ethelbert S. Oliphant ; and 75, Presly A. 
Sanders. 

The Stevens Coll. also contains a mus- 
tering-in roll and a property roll. The mus- 
tering-in roll was signed by John J. Hardin 
at Beardstown, April 28, 1832, and includes 
only the first sixty-two men given above. 
Names spelled differently are those of Nos. 
5, Harrison McGeery; 7, John Rutherford; 
10, Leymore R. Vanmeter; 11, Hugh Mc- 
Geery; 17, John Rodgers; 25, Archelas 
Desmon; 27, Joel Miner; 50, John Ridge- 



way; 53, Robert Heyls; and 60, Hugh 
Barnett. The names of William Johnson 
and John Critz are on the roll, but their 
substitutes, Jacob Killyon and Samuel 
Evans (Nos. 28 and 55 above), are not 
listed. Beginning with John Bridges (No. 
32) the names were entered by Hardin. 

The heading of the April 28 roll gives the 
distance from the place of enrollment to 
the place of mustering-in as 65 miles. 

The property roll, which was signed by 
Montgomery Warrick and Hugh McGary, 
April 27, 1832, also lists only the original 
sixty-two members of the company. Names 
with spelling variations: Nos. 17, John 
Rodgers; 25, Archelas Demon (or Demon 
or Desnon) ; 27. Joel Miner; 33, Wm. M. 
Kelly; 45, Alphred Powell; 50, John Ridge- 
way; 53, Robt. Heyls (or Hughs); and 57, 
Calohill Stone. Neither of the substitutes, 
Killyon or Evans, is listed. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN DEMENT 

Muster Roll of Capt John Dements Company of the odd Battalion of spies commanded 
by Major James D Henry of the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia 
commanded by Brigadier Genl Saml Whitesides mustered out of the service of the 
United States at the mouth of Fox River near Ottowa on the 28th May 1832 distant 
from the place of enrolement two hundred and forty miles. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Where Enrolled 



Remarks 



1 John Dement 

2 Dempsey Yarborough 



Capt 
1st Lieut 



Vandalia 



Spy Battalion, Whiteside's Brigade 



207 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Where Enrolled 



Remarks 



3 


Abraham Starns 


2d do 


4 


Wm Bradford 


1st Sergt 


5 


Jos Hickman 


2d do 


6 


Henry B Roberts 


3 do 


7 


Joel Thomas 


4 do 


8 


Wyatt B Stapp 


1st Corporal 


9 


T N Gains 


2 do 


10 


Isaac D Taulbee 


3 do 


11 


Amos Eakle 


4 do 


12 


Benj D Moore 


Private 


13 


Mathew Duncan 


do 




Robert Green 


do 


14 


Wm L E Morrison 


do 



15 Nathl Sanburn 

16 Edward Conner 

17 John F Posey 



18 Thos Jones 

19 L O Shrader 

20 Bryant Whitfield 

21 John Snyder 

22 Nelson Ryal 

23 James Alley 

24 Henry Wiley 

25 John A Wakefield 



26 


John Shirley 


27 


G. W Dimond 


28 


Wm J Hocketti 


29 


Danl Doolin 


30 


John Harrington 


31 


James Whitlock 


32 


Thos Duncan 


33 


Wm H Lee 


34 


Wm Smith 


35 


John Smith jr 


36 


A J [or I] Phelps 


37 


Horatio Evans 


38 


James P Leak 


39 


John B. Hankins 


40 


George W. Hickerson 


41 


M C Ginger 


42 


Coleman Norris 


43 


John W Coventry 


44 


Jos Patterson 



Promoted 26th apl 1832 
to Surgeon of Foot 
Batt. 

appointed adjutant of the 
spie Battalion 26th apl 
1832 



appointed Qt. Master 
Sergt to the spie Battl 
26th apl 1832 



Sent on express 15th May 
1832 



appointed quarter master 
to major James od[d 
Batt.] 



Sick and sent to Rock 
Island 



208 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Where Enrolled 



Remarks 



45 Josiah Enos 

46 Henry Scroggins 

47 Henry Johnson 

48 Epheldred Yarborough 

49 Harvey H Walker 

50 Eldridge Cole 

51 John Ewmg 

52 Robert Blackwell 

53 Rody Glass 

54 Madison Allen 

55 James T B Stapp 



Sent on express 15th May 

1832 
do do do' 



I do certify that the above roll with t[he aforesa]id Remarks are correct to the best 
of my knowledge upon honour 

John Dement Captain 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll, & that I have this 
28th. day of May 1832, mustered & minutely inspected for discharge, the above named 
company of Mounted Volunteer Spies, commanded by Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



DS, DNA. The entire Buckmaster certificate 
is in the handwriting of David Prickett. 
Columns 5, 6, and 7 are omitted here. The 
fifth and sixth columns state that the com- 
pany was enrolled on April 20 by Captain 
Dement, and the seventh, headed "Names," 
is identical with the "Names" column above. 

A mustering-in roll, signed at Beardstown 
(125 miles from Vandalia) April 27 by the 
captain and by John J. Hardin as muster- 
ing officer, is in the Dixon Public Library 
(IHi has photostat). The entire roll is in 
Hardin's hand. There are fifty-six men 
on the April 27 roll; it omits Bryant Whit- 
field, No. 20 above. It includes Robert Green, 
who is on the roll above but not numbered. 

Names spelled differently on the April 27 
roll are Nos. 2, Dempsey Yarbrough ; 3 
Abram Starnes; 5, Joseph Hickman; 6 
Henry B. Robards; 8, William B. Stapp 
9, Thomas N. Gaines; 10, Isaac B. Taulbee; 
13, Matthew Duncan; 14, William L. D 
Morrison; 15, Nathaniel Sanburn; 19, Len 
hart O. Shrader; 22, Nelson Ryall ; 24 
Henry Witley ; 28, Washington Dimond 
29, Daniel Doolin ; 30, John Herrington 
36, Andrew J. Phelps; 42, Coleman Morris 
44, Joseph Patterson; 48, Epheldred Yar 
brough; and 53, Robert Glass. 



The mustering-in roll states that the com- 
pany was enrolled at Vandalia on April 
20 for 60 days, and elected officers that 
day. 

On April 30 the following nineteen men in 
the company signed a document (probably 
for Quartermaster William Thomas), each 
certifying receipt of a musket from the 
state of Illinois which they pledged to 
deliver at the end of the campaign: Wyatt 
B. Stapp, Josph H. Hickman, John F. 
Posey, L. O. Shrader, John B. Hankins, 
Edward Conner, P. M. Gaines, Madison 
Allen, Coleman Norris, Joseph Patterson, 
Eldridge Cole, Daniel Doolin, Henry Scrog- 
gins, Amos Eakle, Nathl Sanburn, Bryant 
Whitfield, Rodger Glass, Henry Wiley, and 
Thomas Duncan. 

The original of the certificate is owned by 
John Powers of Jacksonville, Illinois. 

1 The remark following Hockett's name has 
been lined out, but is still legible. It reads, 
"appointed armourer to the Brigade 25th 
Apl [1832 I.]-" 

- The three "dos" were written over the 
remark, "appointed pay master of spie bat 
26th april 1832." 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Whiteside^ Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Rank Roll of the field and staff officers of the odd Battalion commanded by Major 
Thos. James composing a part of the Bregade of Mounted Volunteers under the com- 
mand of Brigadeer Genl. Saml. Whiteside called into the survice of the united States 
to Repel an invasion of the Sack & Fox Indians & mustered out of service the 28th. 
day of May 1832. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Date of 
Commission 



Remarks 



1 Thomas James 



2 James Moore 

3 Scipio Beaird 



Jas Whitlock 
Michael Horine 
N. C. Johnston 



John James 
Wm. A Richeson 
Wm. Headen 
George Gorden 
James W. Vaughan 
Moses Haskins 
J. Milton Moore 



Major 



Adjutant 
Qr. Master 



do 

pay Master 
Sergt Majr. 



do 
Qmr. Sergt. 
surgeon 

Do Mate 
Armor 
Bugleman 
Couler 

bearer 



28th. April 1832 



28th. Do 
18 May 1832 



28 Apl 

28th. Apl. 1832 

18th. May 1832 



28 Apl 

May 5th. 1832 
Do. Do 

Do. Do. 

Do Do 

28 April 1832 
28th. April 1832 



Commanded Capt Harri- 
son's Company from the 
19th. of AprU to the 28th. 
1832 

James Whitlock held this 
office from 28 Apl to 18 
May 1832. resigned 18 
May 1832 & Beard apptd. 



John James held this office 
from the 28 Apl. to 18 
May 1832. resigned 18 
May & Johnson apptd. 



I certify on honor that this Rank Roll Exhibets a true state of the officers and stafT 
of the odd Battalon commanded by Major Thomas James commanding the odd 
Battalion of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day, and that the Remarks 
set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just, signed at the Mouth of Fox 
River this 28th. day of May 1832 

Thomas James Major Cong, odd Bat. 



210 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



DS, IHi: Stevens Coll. Columns 5 and 6 
of the original roll are omitted here. 
Column 5 gives the distance from the place 
of muster-out to the residence of each staff 
member, and Column 6 names those present 
on May 28. Absentees were James Whitlock 
and John James, who resigned, and George 
Gordon, who was on furlough. The sixth 
column spells the surgeon's name "Hey- 
den." 

Thomas James, James Moore, Beaird, Hor- 
ine, Johnston, John James, Haskins, and J. 
Milton Moore were mustered out 350 miles 
from their homes, which were in Monroe 
County. James Whitlock of Fayette County 
was 250 miles from home, and Richardson, 
Headen, Gordon, and Vaughan, all from 
Shelby County, are said here to have been 
mustered out 210 miles from home. 

IHi also has a photostat of the mustering- 
out roll in DNA which has the Nathaniel 
Buckmaster certificate of inspection and is 
endorsed, "T. P. Andrews, 25 Apl '33 
Sett. 17155." The entire DNA roll is in 
the handwriting of David Prickett. The 
"distance from residence" of Richardson, 
Headen, Gordon, and Vaughan has been 
corrected to 275, instead of 210, miles. 

In the last column penciled notations sup- 
ply additional remarks and the original en- 
rollment date of each staff member as 
follows: Thomas James, "Co. muster roll 



says from 19 April" ; James Moore, "sergt 
19 Apl to 28th"; Beaird, "pr[ivate] 19 
Apl to 18 May"; Whitlock, "priv from 20 
April"; Horine, "pr 19 Apl to 28"; John- 
ston, apptd Farrier 19 Apl & sergt Major 
18 May"; John James, "pr from 19 Apl"; 
Richardson, "pr 24 Apl"; Headen, Gordon, 
and Vaughan, "pr 24 Apl to 4 May inc."; 
Haskins, "as pr from 19 Apl to 28"; and 
J. Milton Moore, "19 Apl pr — see Cap 
Harrisons Co." 

The DNA roll spells the following names 
differently: N. C. Johnson, William Heyden, 
George Gordon, and James W. Vaughn in 
one column — Vaughan in another. 

The companies making up this battalion 
were those of Thomas James (later Thomas 
Harrison's), Daniel Price, and Peter War- 
ren. James Semple's rank roll of White- 
side's Brigade (ca. May 5, 1832) lists 
James White as captain of a company in 
this battalion. White's company was de- 
tached from the brigade on May 19 and 
after a short stay at Fort Armstrong re- 
turned to Hancock County where it had 
been enrolled. The company later Joined 
Bogart's Odd Battalion of Mounted Rangers 
and was not mustered out of U.S. service 
until Sept. 5, although it is doubtful that 
the original company remained an effective 
organization during the entire period from 
April 30 to Sept. 5. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN THOMAS JAMES 

{Later Thomas Harrison's) 

Muster Roll of Captain Thos. James Company of the Brigade of Mounted Volun- 
teers, Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into the service 
of the United States at Beardstown Illinois, on the 28th day of April 1832. Distant 
160 miles from the place of Enrollment. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 







April 


Waterloo 


1 Thomas James 


Captain 


19th 1832 


Monroe Co 


2 Thomas Harrison 


1st Lieut 


do 


do 


3 Thomas McRoberts 


2nd do 


" 


" 


4 James Moore 


1st Sergt. 


" 


" 


5 Thomas Taylor 


2nd do 


« 




6 Felix Clarke 


3rd do 


" 




7 John Stong 


4th do 


" 




8 WiUiam M. C. Moore 


1st Corporal 


" 




9 Pendleton Hill 


2nd do 


" 




10 Moses Haskins 


3rd do 


" 




11 Henry Hartline 


4th do 


« 




12 Shadrach J [G] Bond 


Private 


u 





Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Whiteside's Brigadi 



211 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where 



April 



Waterloo 



13 


Scipio Beard 


do 


14 


John Burch 


do 


15 


Fielder Burch 


do 


16 


Stephen Brooks 


do 


17 


George Clarke 


do 


18 


Solomon Carr 


do 


19 


Wm M M Cornelius 


do 


20 


Stephen Easton 


do 


21 


Grammar Fisher 


do 


22 


Michael Horine 


do 


23 


John James 


do 


24 


John Kidd 


do 


25 


Caleb Lacey 


do 


26 


Joseph Livers 


do 


27 


John McDonald 


do 


28 


Edward T Morgan 


do 


29 


William Morgan 


do 


30 


William Miller 


do 


31 


J Milton Moore 


do 


32 


John INIodglin 


do 


33 


James McNabb 


do 


34 


WiUiam McNabb 


do 


35 


James K McCullough 


do 


36 


Henry Nowlin 


do 


37 


Henry Neff 


do 


38 


James B Needles 


do 


39 


James Preston 


do 


40 


William Ramey 


do 


41 


John Rodgers 


do 


42 


John Wright 


do 


43 


Calvin Smith 


do 


44 


Michael Shook 


do 


45 


Ashbridge Starr 


do 


46 


Edward Todd 


do 


47 


Xerxes F Trail 


do 


48 


Nimrod Triplett 


do 


49 


R. M. Wyatt 


" 


50 


Solomon K Snyder 




51 


Nathan C Johnson 





I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Thomas 
James Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day; and that the 
remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just. Signed at Beards- 
town this 28th day of April 1832. 

Commanding the Company 

[ANS] Mustered and countersigned this 28th day of April 1832. 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering Officer. 



212 



PART TWO : Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. The entire roll is 
in the handwriting of John J. Hardin. 
Filing note: "Capt Thomas James Thomas 
Harrison Odd Batt." Columns 6, 7, 8, 
and 9 of the original roll are omitted here. 
Columns 6, 7, and 8 show that the com- 
pany was enrolled by Thomas James for 
60 days and that all company members 
were present on April 28. Column 9, 
headed "Remarks," is blank. 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
mustering-out roll, signed "Thomas Har- 
rison Capt Commanding" on May 28, 1832, 
at the mouth of Fox River, 350 miles from 
the place of enrollment. This roll has the 
usual Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of 
inspection in the handwriting of David 
Prickett. 

When Thomas Harrison became captain of 
the company, he was succeeded as 1st 
lieutenant by Edward T. Morgan, No. 28 
above. The remark opposite Morgan's name 
reads, "[Entitled to pay] as private 19th. 
to 28 of Aprl. then Elected 1 Lieut. 1832." 
William McNabb, No. 34 above, was 3d 
corporal on May 28, succeeding Moses Has- 
kins. All other officers are given as above. 

The DNA roll lists James Whitlock as a 
private in the company, stating that he en- 
rolled at Beardstown on April 30 and was 
"on furlow" when the company was mus- 
tered out. Whitlock enrolled at Vandalia 
in John Dement's company on April 20 
and presumably remained with that com- 
pany until he was appointed quartermaster 
of James's Odd Battalion on April 28. He 
resigned that post May 18. 

Other remarks and name variations on the 
May 28 roll: 

2. Thos. Harrison, "Entitled to pay as 1 
Lieut, from 19th. aprl. to 28 then ap- 
pointed capt. 1832." 

4. Jas. Moor, "[Entitled to pay] as ser- 
gent 19th. to 28 aprl. then appointed 
Ajt. 1832." 

6. Felix Clark. 

8. William McMoor. 

Moses Haskins, "Entitled to pay from 
19th. aprl. to 28 as private then ap- 
pointed Briggad Trumpetter." 
Henery Hartline. 
Shadrach G. Bond. 
Scippeo Baird, "appointed Qr. mastr. 



10 



18th. may 1832." 

14. John Birch. 

15. Fielder Birch. 
17. George Clark. 

19. No Wm. M. M. Cornelius is listed, 
but J. M. McTyre Cornelious is listed 
as a private, with the remark, "Trans- 
ferd on the 9 may to another Regiment 
Surgeons [mate] 1st. Regi[ment]." 
The "Wm. M. M." was probably a 
copying error. 

20. Stephen Fasten. 

21. Gramer Fisher (Grammer in "Names 
Present" column). 

22. Michaiel Horine, "appointed pay mas- 
ter 28th. aprl. 1832." 

23. John James, "on furlow appointed 
Sergn. Majr from 28th. Apr . . . 
[Resigned] 18 may 1832." 

25. Caleb Lacy. 

27. John McDaniel, "appointed 1st. Sar- 
gent 28th aprl. 1832." 

31. J. Milton Moor, "appointed Briggade 
culler Barer 28th. apl. 1832." 

35. Jas. McCulah. 

36. Henery Nowlin. 

37. Henery Neff. 

41. John Rogers. 

42. John Right. 

44. Michaiel Shook. 

50. Solomon K. Snider. 

51. Nathan C. Johnston, "Farrier ap- 
pointed Farrier 19th. aprl. 18th. 
M[ay] 1832 . . . [sergeant major]." 

A property roll for this company, signed 
by James Moore, John C. James, and 
Scipio Beaird, April 29, 1832, is also in 
IHi: Stevens Coll. On this roll Harrison 
is given as captain, Edward T. Morgan as 
1st lieutenant, and Thomas James as 
major; Whitlock is not on this roll. Names 
spelled differently are those of Nos. 4, 
James Moor; 5, Thomas Tailor; 6, Felix 
Clark; 8, W. Mc Moore; 9, Penattet Hill; 
11, Henery Hartline; 14, John Birch; 16, 
Steph. Brookes; 17, George Clark; 19, 
J. M. M. Cornetious; 20, Steph. Fasten; 
21, Gramer Fisher; 51, N. C. Johnston; 24, 
John Kid; 27, John McDaniel; 31, J. M. 
Moor; 33, James McNab; 34, Wm. McNab ; 
35, James K. McCaler; 36, Henery Now- 
lin; 37, Henery Neff; 40, Wm. Ramsey 
[?]; 41, John Rogers; 42, John Rights; 

45, Ashbridg Star; 46, Edward Tod; 47, 
Exerxes F. Trail; 48, Nimrod Triplet; 49, 
R. M. Wiatt; and 50, S. R. Snider. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN DANIEL PRICE 



Muster Roll of Captain Daniel Price Company belonging to the odd Battalion of the 
Mounted Volunteers Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, Mustered 
out of the service of the United States of America at the Mouth of Fox River Illinois 
on the 28th day of May 1832 distant from the place of enrollment two hundred and 
seventy five miles 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Whiteside's Brigade 



213 



No 


Names 


Rank 


Where 


Remarks 


1 


Daniel Price 


Captain 


Shelby Cty 
Shelbyville 


Elected 24th of April 1832 
on John Sacketts horse 


2 


William Williamson 


1st Lieutenat 


" 


Elected 24 of April 1832 


3 


Hiram M Trimble 


2nd Lieutenat 


" 


Elected 24th of April 1832 


4 


Len Mosley 


1st Sergent 


" 




5 


Eliga Biggs 


2[nd] Sergent 


" 




6 


William Price 


3rd Sergent 


" 




7 


Mathew McNear 


4th Sergent 


" 




8 


Gideon Walker 


1st corporal 


" 


On Pleasant Gordens 
horse 


9 


Isaac Daniel 


2nd corporal 


" 


On Mr Beelin horse 


10 


John Green 


3rd corporal 


" 


On Ben Waldens horse 


11 


William Moore 


4th corporal 


« 




12 


William Daniel 


private 


" 


On Daniel Price's horse 


13 


Amon Daniel 


" 


« 


John Reese's horse 


14 


David Dowthet 


" 


" 


On John Renshaw's horse 


15 


Hugh Austm 


« 


« 




16 


Abner Poe 


" 


" 




17 


Jorden BaU 


a 


" 


lost his horses on Pleasant 
Dotson's horse 


18 


John Cochran 


" 


" 




19 


Green B Frazier 


" 


" 


On Francis Jordens horse 


20 


John Pm-due 


" 


" 


On A Sherills horse 


21 


Jonathan B Howard 


" 


« 




22 


Thomas Scribner 


« 


« 




23 


John Mosley 


« 


u 




24 


James South 


" 


" 




25 


William Harper 


" 


« 




26 


David Eliott 


" 


« 




27 


Washington Green 


" 


" 




28 


Wiley B. Daniel 


" 


" 


On J T Sandfords horse 


29 


Jeremiah Daniel 


" 


" 


On J B. Henry horse 


30 


William Smith 


" 


" 


On WilU Robinsons horse 


31 


George Lee 


« 


« 




32 


Wesley Smith 


" 


" 


On Wm Graves horse 


33 


David Smith 


a 


« 


his gun stolen On Allen 



[34 Isaac M. Johnson 

[35 William] Templeton 

[36 James] Hoosong 

[37 Joseph] McLain 

38 William Green 

39 Solomon S Story 

40 William Sherrill 

41 Charles Welch 

42 William A. Richardson 



Reeds horse 
On S (T ?) Scribner's 
horse] 



On Absolum Husson's 

[?] horse 
On Stuts [?] horse 
[On Francis Jordan's 

horse] 
A[ppointed Asst. Q.M., 

May 5, 1832, to] odd 

Battalion 



214 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



I do hereby certify on honor that this is a true return roll of my company and that 
the . . . [remarks ?] are true this the 28th. of May 1832 

Daniel Price Cpt 

I certify on honor that I have carefully Examined this Muster Roll, & that I have 
this 28th day of May 1832, mustered & minutely inspected for discharge the above 
named Company of Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Officer 



DS, DNA. The Buckmaster certificate is in 
the handwriting of David Prickett. Columns 
4, 6, 7, and 8 are omitted here. Columns 
4, 6, and 7 show that the company was 
enrolled on April 24 by Daniel Price for 
60 days. The eighth column, "Names of 
those present," has the remark "on fur- 
low" after the names of Nos. 2, William 
Williamson; 9, Isaac Daniel; and 29, Jere- 
miah Daniel. The roll is badly faded and 
has been repaired with mending tape so 
that several names and remarks are il- 
legible. Missing portions of the roll have 
been supplied from the printed roster in 
Elliott. 110. 

Two other rolls of this company are in 
IHi: Stevens Coll. One, an undated and 
unsigned "rank roll," merely lists the com- 



pany members. The following names are 
spelled differently: Nos. 4, Lenn S. Mosley; 
5, E[l]ijah Biggs; 11, William More; 14, 
David Douthert or Dauthert; 15, Hugh 
Auston; 17, Jordan Ball; 19, Green B. 
Frazure; 26, David Elliotte; 29, Jeramiah 
Daniel; and 34, Isaac N. Johnson. 

The second roll in the Stevens Coll. is a 
property appraisal signed by Wm. Price 
and Jordan Ball on April 30, 1832. This 
roll has the following name variations: 4, 
Lynn S. Mosley; 5, Elijah Beggs ; 8, Wil- 
liam More; 12, Hugh Auston; 13, Aman 
Daniel; 14, Davie Dauthert; 26, David 
Elliott; 27, Washington Greer; and 31, 
Isaac N. .Johnson (numbers those on ap- 
praisal). 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN PETER WARREN 

Muster Roll of Captain Peter Warren's Company of the odd Batalion of the mounted 
Volunteers commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides Mustered out of the 
service of the United States of America at the mouth of Fox River Illinois on the 
28th day of May 1832; distant from the place of enrollment, two hundred and seventy 
five miles. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Where 



Remarks. 



1 Peter Warren 

2 Archibald Wynns 

3 Robert T Brown 

4 Isaac M Shell 

5 John Mclver 

6 Levi Gorley 

7 John Perryman 

8 Thomas Hall 

9 William Headen 



10 John Abbott 



Capt 

1st Lieut 
2nd Lieut 
1st Sergent 

2nd Sergent 

3rd Sergent 
4th Sergent 

1st Corporal 
2nd Corporal 



2nd Corporal 



Shelby Cty Elected 24th of April 1832 
Shelbyville On J. Cutler's horse 

" Elected 24th of April 1 832 

Elected 24th of April 1832 
" On J. Cutler's horse 

pressed 
" horse gave out and left on 

Jon Daisey's horse 

" On Josiah Kortmans [?] 

horse 

" appointed Sergon of the 

odd Battalion on the 
5th of May 1832 

" Elected 2nd corporal 6th 

of May 1832 On M 
James's [Dorriss's ?] 
horse 



Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, Whiteside's Brigadi 



211 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Where 



Remarks. 



11 Thomas Lay 


2nd Corporal 


12 James Davis 


3rd Corporal 


13 Enos Ellis 


4th [Corporal] 


14 Levi Casey 


private 


15 John Hale 


« 


16 George A Vaughan 




17 John Simpson 




18 Samuel Rankin 




19 Nathan Curry 




20 David M Robinson 




21 Albert Frazier 




22 James Crunk 




23 James Smith 




24 James W Johnston 




25 James Dowthet 




26 William Graves 




27 John Bingaman 




28 John Fleming 




29 Samuel Parks 




30 Alfred Bell 




31 Jacob Ferryman 


" 


32 James Rather 


« 


33 Isaac P. Johnston 


« 


34 Jacob L Fleming 


" 


35 John Hill 


« 


36 WilUam P. Owens 


« 


37 Henry Johnston 


« 


3[8 Dempsey F.] Sulivan 


« 


[39 Annias Stamp 


" 


[40 John P. HaU 


" 


41 Thomas May 


« 


42 JoelElam 


« 


43 James Greer 


« 


44 Edward Woolen 


" 


45 MartUus Graham 


« 


46 Lawson Dixon 


« 


47 Peyton More 


« 


48 Thomas H. Williams 


« 


49 Robert S. Dixon 


« 


50 William D Roberds 


« 


51 George Gorden 


« 



52 James W Vaughan 



appointed 2nd Corporal 
22nd of May 1832 On 
E. Ellis horse 
On [G. Todd's horse] 
On Jno Smith horse 



On Jacob Eliott's horse 
On Jas Cochran's horse 



horse gave out and left 
On Mr Young's horse 

lost his horse On John 

Reese horse 
lost his horse 
On John Hale's horse 

On Free Sexton's horse 



on G. Todds horse 
[on WUham Harrison's 

horse] 
[lost his horse] 

On Abraham T[eluck's] 

horse 
On Barkley Chiltz's 

horse 

On Jon Hills horse 
On Peter Warrens horse 
On John Rice's horse 
On G. Stucker's horse 

On John Storms horse 

On Richmonds Webs 

horse 
On Thomas Puiz [Poe's?] 

horse 
On Jno Patut's 

[Patrick's ?] horse 



[App'd Surg'n's May 5, 
'32; lost his horse] 

[Appointed Armorer Odd 
Battalion May 5, 1832] 



216 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



I do hereby certify upon honor that this is a true return roll of my company [Several 
words illegible] this the 28th day of May 1832. 

Peter Warren Capt. 

I certify on honor that I have carefully examined [this] Muster Roll, & that I have 
this 28th. day of May 1832, mustered and minutely inspected for discharge, the above 
named Company of Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Brig. Genl. Samuel White- 
side. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster Inspector & Muster Office 



DS, DNA. The Buckmaster certificate is in 
the handwriting of David Prickett. Columns 
4, 6, 7, and 8 are omitted here. Columns 
4, 6, and 7 show that the company was 
enrolled on April 24 by Peter Warren for 
60 days. The eighth, "Names of those pres- 
ent," lists seven men as "on furlow": Nos. 
10, John Abbott; 21, Albert Frazier; 22, 
James Crunk; 23, James Smith; 30, Alfred 
Bell; 31, Jacob Perryman; and 32, James 
Rather. Illegible remarks and names have 
been supplied from the printed roster in 
Elliott, 111. 

IHi : Stevens Coll. has a property roll of 
this company, signed by Archibald Wynn 
and William Headen on April 30, 1832. 



The following names are spelled differently: 
Nos. 2. Archibald Wynn; 6, Levi Golley; 
9, William Hayden ; 11, Thomas Loy; 15, 
John Hayles; 18, Saml. Rankins; 19, Na- 
than Currey; 22, James Cronk ; 23, James 
F. Smith; 25, James Dawthet; 27, John 
M. Bingaman; 33, Isaac P. Johnson; 34, 
J. L. Flemming; 37, Henry H. Johnson; 
38, Demsey Sillivan ; 39, Annias Stamps; 
40, John B. (or P.) Hall; 43, James M. 
Green (or Greer); 45, Martillas Graham; 
47, Payton Moore; 50, William D. Roberts; 
and 51, George Gordan. 

Thomas D. Hall's name was entered on the 
property roll but was crossed out and Wil- 
liam Graves's substituted. 



Odd Battalion of Infantry, Whiteside's Brigade 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & Staff officers of the odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, 
detached for foot purposes under the Command of Majr Thomas Long of the Brigade 
of Mounted Volunteers under the Command of Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside, mustered 
out of service of the United States at the mouth of Fox River on the 28th. day of May 
1832, distant from the place of enrolment, Springfield Sangamon County, 175 Miles 



Officers 



Rank 



Enrolled 
when tvhere^ 



Remarks 



Thomas Long^ 
John Summers 
Vawter Henderson 
J. L. Thompson 
Matthew Duncan 

Jonathan Leighton 
Sion R Green 
Thomas J Marshall 
Benj. Howard 
Thomas Burton 



Major 
Adjutant 
Qr Master 
Pay Master 
Surgeon 

Asst do 
Sergt Major 
Qr Mas Sergt 
Fife Major 
Drum Major 



1832 
21 Apl 



Springfield 



absent by order of Genl. 
Atkinson 



I do certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of the field and 
staff officers of the Odd Battalion of Mounted Volunteers, detached for foot purposes 
under the command of Brig. Genl. Samuel Whiteside of the Brigade of Mounted 
Volunteers of Illinois Militia, and that the remarks set opposite the names of the staff 
officer are accurate & just. Signed at the Mouth of Fox River on this 28th. day of 
May 1832. 

Thomas Long Major Commanding the odd Battalion 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. The entire roll is 

in the handwriting of David Prickett. The 

fifth column, "Names of those present," is 

omitted here. According to the roll, the 

only absentee was Matthew Duncan. As 

a matter of fact, Jonathan Leighton was 

probably also absent. The staff roll of 

! Dewitt's 2d Regiment of Whiteside's Bri- 

{ gade states that Leighton exchanged places 

\ with John F. Foster. Presumably, then, 

I Foster was on duty with this battalion and 

!. Leighton with the 2d Regiment at the 

muster-out. 



IHi also has a photostat of the DNA mus- 
tering-out roll, which is in a different hand- 
writing but not Long's. It bears the 
Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of inspec- 
tion in Prickett's handwriting and is en- 
dorsed, "Andrews 17155." A note not on 
the IHi copy states that "M. Duncan [was] 
promoted from private of Capt : Dement's 
Co: of Batt. of Spies — 26 April 1832." Tbe 
paymaster's name is given more fully as 
"John L. Thompson," and the quarter- 
master's name is spelled "Vauter Hender- 
son" in the "Names Present" column. This 



217 



218 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



column states also that Matthew Duncan 
was a "priv. from 20 Ap to 25 Ap. inc." 

1 Summers was originally captain of a 
company, later commanded by Seth Pratt, 
in which Leighton and Burton were also 
first enrolled. The company was formed in 
Morgan County — at Beardstown, according 
to the April 28 roll, although the mustering- 
out roll states that company members were 
entitled to transportation back to Jackson- 
ville. Duncan was enrolled in Fayette 
County. The other staff members were en- 
rolled in Sangamon County, with the possible 
exception of John L. Thompson, about 
whose war service and enrollment nothing 
else is known. 

2 Thomas Long arrived at Beardstown as 
captain of a company, according to John 
Carroll Power's Sangamon County (1876), 
465. The only two pieces of evidence cor- 
roborating this statement are confusing, 
inasmuch as each points to Long's having 
been captain of a different company. 



Jacob Ebey's company was enrolled, the 
muster roll states, "by Major Long." Cus- 
tomarily, companies were enrolled by their 
original commanders — thus it would seem 
that Long was the first captain of Ebey's 
company. 

More direct evidence, however, points to 
his having commanded the company known 
as Japhet A. Ball's. The record book of 
William Thomas, brigade quartermaster 
(in IHi: BHW Coll.), shows that provisions 
were issued to Captain Ebey's company on 
April 28 and 29 and to Captain Long's 
company on April 27 and 29. All of the 
men under Captain Long to whom supplies 
were issued were members of the company 
later commanded by Ball. 

It is possible, of course, that both com- 
panies were united under Long's command 
until the battalion was organized at Beards- 
town. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAPHET A. BALL 

Muster roll of Capt Japhet A. Ball's company of mounted men (detached for foot 
purposes) one of the companies of the odd Battalion commanded by Major Thomas 
Long now in the service of the United States commanded by Brigadier Genl Whiteside 
and mustered out of service on the 28th. day of May 1832 









Enroled 




No Names 


Rank 


When, 


Where 


By Whom 






1832 


Sangamon 




1 Japhet A. Ball 


Capt 


April 21 


County 


Japhet A. Ball 


2 Alexander D. Cox 


1st Lieut 


« 


« 




3 John McCormack 


2d do 


« 


« 




4 Joseph W. Duncan 


1st Sergt 


« 


" 




5 James McCormack 


2d do 


« 


" 




6 WUliam F. Cox 


3d do 


« 


« 




7 Charles Day 


4th do 


" 


« 




8 Harvey Graham 


1st Corporal 


" 


« 




9 John M Barnes 


2d do 


" 


" 




10 Thos J. Clark 


3d do 


" 


« 




11 RichdCox 


4d do 


" 


« 




12 Thos L. McKinney 


Private 


« 


« 




13 Thomas Gatton 


do 


" 


« 




14 Elder Massie 


do 


« 


« 




15 Abram Lanterman 


do 


« 


« 




16 Jonathan Coleman 


do 


« 


« 




17 Lewis C. Jones 


do 


« 


« 




18 Henry Averil 


do 


" 


« 




19 Daniel Kitchum 


do 


" 


" 




20 William Mitts 


do 


« 


a 




21 John Brumfield 


do 


« 


« 


In hospital 


22 Joseph Hazlet 


do 


« 


« 





Odd Battalion of Infantry, Whiteside's Brigade 



219 









Enroled 




No Names 


Rank 


When, 


Where 


£?/ Whom 


23 William Donner 


do 


" 


« 




24 William Gattin 


do 


« 


« 




25 Barnabas M. Blue 


do 


« 


« 




26 John Hutton 


do 


« 


« 




27 Nathan H. Spears 


do 


" 


" 




28 Salmon W. Hawse 


do 


« 


« 




29 Morris R. Menicks 


do 


« 


« 




30 William McCormack 


do 


« 


« 




31 Jesse Mitts 


do 


" 


« 




32 Charles Smith 


do 


" 


" 




33 John Ball 


do 


« 


« 




34 Garret Tempe 


do 


" 


« 




35 James Ward 


do 


" 


" 


Remarks 


36 Robert B. Sexton 


do 


" 


« 




37 John Perry 


do 


" 


" 


in hospital 


38 Saml C. Hampton 


do 


" 


" 


on extra duty 


39 Moses Wright 


do 


" 


" 




40 John Kendall 


do 


« 


« 




41 John D. Bagby 


do 


" 


« 




42 John Gately 


do 


« 


« 




43 Abram Howard 


do 


« 


« 




44 Thomas Cook 


do 


« 


« 




45 Daniel Waters 


do 


« 


« 




46 Robert Patton 


do 


" 


« 




47 Thomas Swearengen 


do 


" 


« 


in hospital 


48 John Vincent 


do 


" 


" 





I certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits a true statement of Capt Japhet A. 
Ball's Company of mounted volunteers of Illinois Militia detached for foot purposes, 
and that the remarks set opposite their names of the respective men are accurate & 
just 

Signed at the mouth of Fox river in the State of Illinois. Lasalle County this 28th 
of May 1832 

Japhet A. Ball Capt 



CC, IHi: Stevens Coll. IHi also has a photo- 
stat of the mustering-out roll in DNA, which 
was signed by Ball and has the Nathaniel 
Buckmaster certificate of service in the 
handwriting of David Prickett. Only two 
names are spelled differently on the DNA 
roll: Nos. 31, Jessee llitts, and 47, Thomas 
Swearingen. 

The Stevens Coll. also contains a mustering- 
in roll made out and signed by John J. 
Hardin at Beardstown, 50 miles from the 
place of enrollment, April 29, 1832. The 
Hardin roll lists only forty-three men, omit- 
ting these eight on the roll above: 5, 
James McCormack; 6, William P. Cox; 9, 
John M. Barnes; 11, Richard Cox; 4.5. 



Daniel Waters; 46, Robert Patton; 47, 
Thomas Swearengen; and 48, John Vincent. 
Three men on the Hardin roll are not given 
in the mustering-out roll. They are Sion 
R. Green and Benjamin Howard, both of 
whom joined the battalion staff, and Wil- 
liam Sollars, who apparently transferred to 
the company of William Givens in the 3d 
Regiment. 

No corporals are designated on the Hardin 
roll, and the sergeants are given as follows: 
1st, Harvey Graham ; 2d, Ben. Howard ; 
3d, Joseph M. ("W." above) Duncan; and 
4th, Charles Day. 

Variations in spelling as given on Hardin's 



220 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



roll: Nos. 16, Johnathan Coleman; 17, 
Louis C. Jones; 18, Henry Averill ; 19, 
Daniel Kethum; 22, Joseph Hazlett; 24, 
William Gatting; 27, Nathan H. Spear; 28, 
Solomon Hawse; 30, William McCoreince 



(obviously miscopied from a misspelling, 
probably "McCormic") ; 34, Garrett Tempy ; 
35, James Warde ; 38, Sam'l C. Hamton; 
39, Moses Writer; and 40, John J. Kendoll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JACOB EBEY 

Miister Roll of Captain Jacob Ebeys Company of Mounted Volunteers, detached for 
foot purposes Commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whitesides, mustered into 
the service of the United States, at Beardstown Illinois, on the 29th day of April 
1832. Distant 50 miles from the place of Enrollment. 









Enrollment 




No. Names 


Rank 


When 


Where 


Who by 






April 






1 Jacob Ebey 


Capt 


21st. 1832 


Sangamon 


Major Long 


2 Edward Shain 


1st Lieut 


do 


do 


" 


3 Winston M Neal 


2nd do 


do 


" 


" 


4 Tho's J Marshall 


1st Sergt 


do 


" 




5 Davis Meredith 


2nd do 


" 


" 




6 James B Goble 


3rd do 


" 


" 




7 David S Collins 


4th do 


" 


" 




8 Reese Williams 


1st Corporal 


" 


" 




9 James E Halls 


2nd do 


" 


" 




10 Harmon Renshaw 


3rd do 


« 


" 




11 Wiley Blunts 


4th do 


" 


" 




12 Joseph Drennin 


Private 


" 


" 




13 James Harper 


do 


" 


" 




14 Frederick Hamilton 


do 


" 


" 




15 Sam'l Graham 


do 


" 


" 




16 Daniel Slatan 


do 


« 


« 




17 John HUlis 


do 


" 


K 




18 Jackulin Bashaw 


do 


" 


" 




19 Wm Hazlitt 


do 


" 


" 




20 Thomas Sherrill 


do 


" 


" 




21 Adam Vancil 


do 


" 


" 




22 Jacob Hinkle 


do 


" 


" 




23 Henry Dixon 


do 


" 


" 




24 Stephen Hedrick 


do 


" 


" 




25 George Melton 


do 


" 


" 




26 James D Byus 


do 


tt 


a 




27 Wm C Atwood 


do 


" 


" 




28 Thomas Stout 


do 


" 


" 




29 Dan'l McClees 


do 


« 


« 




30 James Carver 


do 


" 


« 




31 Wm Martin 


do 








32 John J Newhouse 


do 








33 John Boyd 


do 








34 Joseph Brown 


do 








35 Woolvert Uriah [Uriah do 








Woolverton] 










36 Philip Clark 


do 









Odd Battalion of Infantry, Whiteside's Brigade 



221 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



When 



Enrollment 
Where Who by 



37 


John Whitmore 


do 


38 


Lawrence McManus 


do 


39 


Milton Ferrill 


do 


40 
41 


Granbury B Jones 
Isaac Clark 


do 
do 


42 
43 


George Catha 
John Collins 


do 
do 


44 


Wm T Russell 


do 


45 
46 
47 


James Rutledge 
Jesse Byus 
Alfred Hash 


do 
do 
do 


48 
49 


George W Foster 
John H Wright 


do 
do 



I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Jacob 
Ebey's Company of foot Volunteers attached to the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 
of Illinois Militia on this day, and that the remarks opposite the names of the men are 
accurate and just. Signed at Beardstown this 29th day of April 1832. 

Jacob Ebey Commanding the Company. 

[ANS] Mustered and countersigned this 29th day of April 1832. 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering officer. 



DS. IHi: Stevens Coll. The body of the 
roll is in the handwriting of John J. Hardin, 
who also signed the mustering certificate. 
The last tliree columns, "Period of Time," 
"Names of those Present," and "Remarks," 
are omitted here. The company was enrolled 
for 60 days. The "Names Present" column 
is incomplete; presumably all members were 
present. There are no remarks. 

IHi also has a photostat of the company's 
mustering-out roll, which is in DNA. This 
roll was also signed by Ebey and has the 
Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of inspec- 
tion, in the handwriting of David Prickett. 
The company was discharged at the mouth 
of Fox River on May 28. 

The DNA roll includes the following six 
men not given above: John Davis and Felix 
Herndon, who enrolled in Sangamon County 
on April 21, according to the roll; John 
Graft, who enrolled at Rock Island on May 
10; and Obadiah Rittenhouse, James Taylor, 
and Samu[e]l R. Scovle. The last three en- 
rolled at Beardstown on April 29. Ritten- 
house was "Absented without leave 17th. 
May 1832," according to the remarks on 
the roll. 

The following spelling variations and re- 
marks are given on the mustering-out roll: 



2. Edward Shane, "In Hospital." 

4. Thos. J. Marshall, "Appointed Quarter 
Master Sergt. 29th April 1832." 

5. Davis Merridith. 
9. James E. Haws. 

10. Harmon Renshaw, "Promoted to Ist 
Sergt. 29th. April 1832." 

11. Wiley Blunt. 

14. Frederick A. Hamilton. 

18. Jackulin Bashare. 

19. William Hazlet. 

20. Thomas Sherril. 

21. Adam Vancil, "In Hospital." 

23. Henry Dickson, "Promoted 3d Corporal 

April 29th. 1832." 
25. George Milton. 
27. Wm. C. Attwood. 
32. John G. Newhouse. 
35. Uriah Woolverton. 

37. John Whitmore, "In Hospital." 

38. Lawrence McMenus. 

39. Milton Ferril. 

44. William D. Russell. 

45. James Rutlege. 

47. Alfred Hash, enrolled April 28 at 
Beardstown, "Entered as marked, and 
never afterwards appeared." 

48. George W. Foster, enrolled April 29 
at Beardstown. 

49. John H. Wright, enrolled April 28 at 
Beardstown, "Entered as marked, and 
never afterwards appeared." 



222 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 183i 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN SUMMERS 

{Later Seth Pratt's) 

Muster Roll of Captain John Summers Company of foot volunteers attached to the 
Brigade of Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Whiteside, 
mustered into the service of the United States at Beardstown Illinois on the 28th day 
of April 1832. 







Enrollment 




No Names 


Rank 


When 


Where 


Remarks 






April 


Beardstown 




1 John Summers 


Captain 


26th 1832 






2 John M Crabtree 


1st Lieut 


do 


do 




3 Joseph Lister 


2nd do 


" 


" 




4 Seth Pratt 


1st Sergt 


" 


" 




5 Wm B Sisk 


2nd do 


" 


" 




6 Elihu Sparks 


3rd do 


" 


« 




7 Abram Crabtree 


4th do 


" 


" 




8 James Stockton 


1st Corporal 


" 


" 




9 George Yates 


2nd do 


" 


" 




10 James Keller 


3rd do 


" 


« 




11 James Curry 


4th do 


« 


« 




12 Thomas Burton 


Private 


" 


" 


Drummer 


13 James Carr 


do 


« 


« 


Fifer 


14 Jesse Byus 


do 


" 


" 


transferred 


15 Alfred Hash 


do 


« 


" 


do 


16 William Foster 


do 


u 


« 




17 George Cothy 


do 


u 


« 


do 


18 Isaac GuUihur 


do 


a 


u 




19 Isaac Schenck 


do 


u 


u 




20 James D Byus 


do 


a 


« 


do 


21 Uriah L Wolverton 


do 


a 


« 




22 Henry Melton 


do 


a 


u 




23 John H Bowlware 


do 


a 


a 




24 Henry Ford 


do 


« 


a 




25 Harrison Hunly 


do 


a 


a 




27 Nathan Bradberry 


do 


a 


u 




28 John Letcher 


do 


M 


« 




29 Frederick McDaniel 


do 


a 


a 




30 Francis McConnel 


do 


u 


u 




31 Martin Langston 


do 


« 


" 




32 Larkin B Langston 


do 


" 


" 




33 Andrew Smothers 


do 


" 


" 




34 James M Lowe 


do 


« 


« 




35 James New 


do 


" 


" 




36 Amos Braddley 


do 


« 


u 




37 John Davis 


do 


« 


" 




38 Alfred Jackson 


do 


a 


u 




39 Golman Acton 


do 


u 


a 




40 Nicholas Long 


do 


n 


u 




41 WilHam Pointer 


do 


« 


" 




42 Henry Brantly 


do 


a 


<i 




43 Clark Birdsell 


do 


" 


" 




44 John Pervine 


do 


« 


« 





Odd Battalion of Infantry, Whiteside's Brigade 



223 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
When Where Remarks 



45 


Samuel Wills 


do 


46 


Iredell Lawrence 


do 


47 


James P Edwards 


do 


48 


John J Newhouse 


do 


49 


William Hopper 


do 


50 


Daniel Brock 


do 


51 


Lawrenc McManus 


do 


52 


Samuel Smith 


do 


53 


Gamell [Parnell] Hamilton do 


54 


Berry Castleberry 


do 


55 


John Hillis 


do 


56 


William Martin 


do 


57 


Johnathan Russ 


do 


58 


Simpson Stuart 


do 


59 


Johnathan Leighton 


do 


60 


Isaac G Boothe 


do 


61 


John Bradshaw 


do 



gone 



gone 



gone 
gone 



I certify on honor that this muster roll of Captain John Summers' Company of foot 
volunteers attached to the Brigade of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this 
day, and that the remarks set opposite the names of the men are accurate and just. 
Signed at Beardstown this 28th day of April 1832. 

Commanding the Company. 

[ANS] Mustered and countresignd this 28th day of April 1832 

John J Hardin Inspector and Mustering officer. 



CD, IHi: Stevens Coll. The roll is in 
Hardin's handwriting. Columns 6, 7, and 
8, omitted here, show that the company 
was enrolled by Captain Summers for 60 
days and that all company members were 
present except thoise whose absence is in- 
dicated by the remarks. One name, that of 
Levi H. Wakeman, Ko. 26, was struck out 
in the "Names" column, but the numbering 
of the roll was left unchanged. Wakeman's 
name is entered on the property roll but 
does not appear on the company's mustering- 
out roll. 

The mustering-out roll in DNA (IHi has 
photostat) was signed by Seth Pratt, 
captain commanding the company, and 
"Th[omas] J Beall Major USA." Beall 
mustered the company out of service at 
Rock Island on June 3, 1832, when he 
signed the usual certificate of inspection 
and discharge, adding that company mem- 
bers were entitled to transportation from 
Rock Island to Jacksonville, Morgan County, 
Illinois. On this roll the company was 
credited with service from April 21, instead 
of April 26, as given above. 

In addition to Wakeman, who probably did 
not serve, eleven men on the April 29 roll 



were not given on the June 3 roll. John 
Summers, the original captain, became adju- 
tant of the battalion. James P. Edwards, 
Ko. 47 above, is not on the mustering-out 
roll, and no further record of his service 
has been found. The following nine men 
transferred to Jacob Ebey's company: Kos. 
14, Jesse Byus; 15, Alfred Hash; 17, 
George Cothy; 20, James D. Byus; 21, 
Uriah L. Wolverton (of the four rolls on 
■which Wolverton's name appears, the 
Hardin roll above is the only one giving 
the initial) ; 48, John J. (or G.) New- 
house; 51, Lawrence McManus; 55, John 
Hillis; and 56, William Martin. 

The June 3 roll includes two men who were 
not given as company members on April 
29. 'They are Stephen L. Cooper and Wil- 
liam C. Overstreet. Simpson Stuart, No. 58 
above, succeeded Pratt as 1st sergeant. 
Other spelling variations and remarks on 
the June 3 roll follow: 

2. John M. Crabtrce, "For Duty." 

3. Joseph Leister, "For Duty." 

4. Seth Pratt, captain, "Commanding 
Company." 

12. Thomas Burton, "Appointed Drum 
Major by Major Jacob [Thomas] Long 
April 29th. 1832." 



224 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



16. William Foster, "On Detached Service 
■with the Army May 19th. 1832." 

18. Isaac Gulliher, "On Detached Service 
with the Army May 19th. 1832." 

19. Isaac Schmick. 

23. John H. Bolware, "Sent to the Hospital 
Sick May 10th. 1832 Furloughed to 
the Expiration of Service." 

27. Nathan Bradbury. 

28. John Letcher, "On detached Service 
with the Army May 19th. 1832." 

29. Frederick McDaniel, "On detached 
Service with the Army May 19th. 
1832." 

30. Francis McConnell. 
34. James M. Low. 
36. Amos Bradley. 

53. Parnell Hamilton. 

54. Berry Castlebury. 
57. Jonathan Russ. 

59. Jonathan Leighton, "Appointed Assist- 



ant Surgeon by Major Jacob [Thomas] 
Long April 29th. 1832." 

60. Isaac Booth. 

61. John Bradshaw, "Dismissed May 12th. 
1832. Claimed as a Deserter By T. F. 
Smith, Capt. of 1st. Infantry." 

The property roll in IHi : Stevens Coll., un- 
dated and unsigned, lists only fifty-eight 
company members, omitting the last three 
on Hardin's roll: Leighton, Boothe (or 
Booth), and Bradshaw. Name variations 
follow: Nos. 7, Abraham Crabtree; 19, 
Isaac Schmick; 23, John H. Bolware; 26, 
Levi H. Wakemen; 27, Nathan Bredbery ; 
34, James M. Low; 36, Amos Bradley; 42, 
Henry Braintly; 43, Charles (the name 
"Clark" may have been written over "Char- 
les") Birdsell; 48, John G. Newhouse; 51, 
Lawrence McManus ; 53, Parnell Hamilton; 
57, Jonathan Russ; 58, Simpson Steward. 



Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff Officers of the Regiment of Illinois Mounted Vol- 
unteers in the service of the U. States under the command of Colo Jacob Fry as 
mustered out of service at Ottawa the 15 day of June 1832 



No 



Names. 



Rank 



Residence 



Remarks 



1 Jacob. Fry. 



Colol. Comdt. Green Cty. 



2 James D. Henry. Lt. Colo. Sangamon Cty. 



3 John Thomas 



Major. St. Clair 



4 Ethelbert P. OUiphant Adjutant Sangamon Cty. 



5 Wm. Kirkpatrick Qr. Master 



6 John B Rvitledge Siu-geon 



7 John W Scott Pay Master Green Cty. 



8 Johnathan Layton Surgeone Mate Morgan Cty. 



9 Wm. McAdams. Sergt. Major Bond Cty 



Mustered into service in 

Capn. Smith's Comy. 

& appd. Colo. 31st. 

Ma^ 1832 
Mustered into service in 

Capt. He's Cy. & 

appd. Lt. Colo. 31st. 

May 1832 
Mustd. into service in 

Capn. Snyder's Comy. 

& appd. Major 31st. 

May 1832 
Mustd. into service in 

Capn. He's Comy. & 

appd. Adjt. 31st. May 

1832 
Murd. into service in 

Capn. He's Comy. & 

appd. Qr. j\Ir. 31st 

May 1832 
Musd. into service in 

Capn. He's Comy. & 

appd. Surgeoun 31 

May 1832 
Musd. into service in 

Capn. Smiths' Compy. 

& appd. P. Mr. 31 

May 1832 
Musd. into service in 

Capn. Smith's Comy. 

& appd. Sgn. Mt. 31 

May 1832 
Musd. into service in 

Capn. James' Cy. & 

appd. Sert. Mr. 31 

May 1832 



226 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 



Names. 



Rank 



Residence 



Remarks 



10 Thos. R. Walton 



Qr. Mr. Sergt. Green Cty. 



Musd. into service in 
Capn. Smiths' Cy & 
appd. Qr. Mr Sergt. 
31st May 1832 



I certify that the above Muster Roll exhibits a true statement of the field and staff 
Officers of the Regiment under my command. Given at Ottawa Mouth of Fox of the 
lUinois this 15th. day of June A D 1832 

(signed) Jacob Fry Colo. Comdg 

Mustered out of the service of the U. States by order of Brig Genl. Atkinson this 
15th. day of June 1832 

Robt. Anderson Asst. Im*. Genl. 
A Copy. R A. 



Anderson Muster Book, IHi. Columns 4, 
5, 6, 7, and 8 are omitted here. The fourth 
and fifth columns show that the entire staff 
was enrolled May 27, 1832, for a period 
of 20 days. The sixth and seventh columns, 
giving the valuation of horses and equip- 
ment and arms, have only a few entries. 
The eighth, or "Names Present," column 
shows three absentees at the time of the 
muster-out. They were Lt. Col. James D. 
Henry, "Absent on Cond. by Order of 7th. 
June"; Maj. John Thomas, "Absent on 
Comd. since 9th. June" ; and Surgeon's 
Mate Johnathan Layton [Jonathan Leigh- 
ton], "Absent on leave since 7th. June 
1832." 

IHi also has a photostat of the official muster- 
ing-out roU from DNA. The DNA roll has 
Fry's and Anderson's signatures and is 
endorsed: "T. P. Andre [ws] 25 Apl 
17,155." Two names are spelled differently 
— those of the adjutant, "Ethelbert P. 
Oliphant," and the surgeon's mate, "Jona- 
than Layton." 

The regiment commanded by Col. Jacob 
Fry is said by General Atkinson to have 
been composed of "enough men to form 
six companies" (Atkinson to Macomb, May 
30, 1832). When T. P. Andrews, U.S. 
paymaster, scheduled the first payments to 
1832 soldiers, he stated that the companies 
to be paid were from Whiteside's Brigade 
and "the six companies organized out of 
. . . [Whiteside's Brigade] and commanded 
by Col. Jacob Fry" (Andrews' notice of 
Nov. 29, 1832). 

Five of the companies of the 20-day Regi- 
ment were commanded by Capts. Elijah lies, 
Benjamin James, William C. Ralls, Samuel 
Smith, and Adam W. Snyder. The sixth was 
probably the company of Capt. Alexander 
White of Hancock County. Although White's 



company differs from the others in many 
respects, it was enrolled for 20 days and 
some of its members, at least, did report at 
Quincy on Dec. 24, 1832, the day appointed 
for paying soldiers from Whiteside's Bri- 
gade and Fry's Regiment then living in 
that area. Documents in the BHW Coll. 
contain no mention of White's company's 
having been in the Ottawa-Dixon area dur- 
ing the May 31-June 15 period, but neither 
are James's and Ralls's companies ever 
mentioned by name. However, if White's 
company had been either regularly enrolled 
or mustered out at Ottawa by a U.S. Army 
officer, the certificate of the Governor which 
appears on the company's muster roll would 
not have been necessary. It seems likely 
that this company never received orders 
directly from Fry or General Atkinson but 
served as a frontier-guard company, being 
considered nevertheless, for the purposes of 
payment, a part of the regiment. Another 
difference in White's company is that its 
members had not served earlier in White- 
side's Brigade. 

Other companies frequently listed in sec- 
ondary sources as part of the interim regi- 
ment vary even more sharply than White's 
from the pattern of the 20-day companies. 
John S. Wilbourn's and Alexander D. Cox's 
companies, for example, were both infantry 
companies. Wilbourn's men, though en- 
rolled for 20 days, had entered service at 
Beardstown on May 22, before Whiteside's 
Brigade was discharged, for the specific 
purpose of guarding supplies on board the 
steamboat en route up the Illinois River 
to the supply base that was to be known as 
Fort Wilbourn. Cox's company, composed 
principally of men who had served earlier 
in Thomas Long's Odd Battalion of Infan- 
try, reenlisted for 30 days, also for the 
specific purpose of guarding supplies. 



Second At 



Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 



227 



George McFadden's company of La Salle 
County mounted volunteers was in service 
in the Ottawa area during approximately 
the same period of time served by Pry's 
command but was enrolled for 30 days and 



seems to have been a home-guard company 
authorized by General Atkinson and subject 
to his orders but not a part of Fry's com- 
mand. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ELIJAH ILES 

Muster Roll of Capn. Elijah lies' Company of Ills. Mounted Volunteers in the service 
of the United States under the command of Brig Genl. Atkinson. 



No. Names 


Rank 


Residence 


Na7nes Present 


Remarks 


1 E. lies 


Capn. 


Sangamon 


Elijah lies 




1 J. M. Harrison 


Lieut 


do 


Jesse M. Harrison 




2 H. B. Roberts 


« 


Fayette 


Henry B Roberts 




1 G. W. Glasscock 


Sergt. 


Sangamon 


Geo. W. Glasscock 




2 Z. Malugen 


" 


do 


Zachariah Malugen 




3 J. A. Ward 


" 


Macon 


Jas. A. Ward 




4 B. Burch 


" 


Sangamon 


Benjm. Burch 




1 A. F. Trent 


Corpl. 


do 


Alexr. F Trent 


no horse 


2 G. W. Foster 


" 


do 


G. W. Foster 


no horse. 


3 G. W. Diamond 


" 


Fayette 


G. W. Diamond 




4 J. Darrow 


" 


Sangamon 


Jesse Darrow 




1 P. A. Saunders 


Prive 


do 


Presley A Saunders 




2 A W. BeU 


" 


Macon 


A. W. Bell 




3 J. T. Stewart 


" 


Sangamon 


John T. Stewart 




4 A. Lincoln 


« 


Sangamon 


A. Lincoln 




5 J. F. Garret 


" 


do 


Joseph F. Garret 




6 J. Manley 


" 


Macon 


John Manley 


no horse 


7 E. Cole 


" 


Fayette 


Eldridge Cole 




8 M. Ginger 


" 


do 


Miles Ginger 




9 J. Querry 


" 


Macon 


Jas. Querry 




10 G. W. Hickerson 


" 


Fayette 


G. W. Hickerson 




1 1 Asa Esters ■ 


" 


Sangamon 




Present Sick 


12 J. D. Henry 


" 


do 


Jas. D Henry 




13 J. M. Earley 


" 


do 


J. U. Earley 




14 J. J. Gateley 


" 


do 


John J. Gateley 


no horse 


15 M. Archer 


" 


do 


Michael Archer 




16 J. Kirkpatrick 


" 


do 


John Kirkpatrick 




17 J. Letcher 


" 




John Letcher 


no horse 


18 J. Harrington 


" 


Fayette 


John Harringdon 




19 J. J. Kendall 


" 


Sangamon 


J J KendaU 


no horse 


20 J. M. Ward 


" 


do 


Jas. M. Ward 


no horse 


21 W. M. Neale 


" 


do 


W. M. Neale 


do 


22 J. Rutledge 


" 


Morgan 


Jas. Rutledge 


do 


23 J. Grafft 


" 


Jo Davis 


John Grafft 


do 


24 W. McCallister 


" 


Sangamon 


Wm. McCallister 




25 J. Welch 


" 


do 


Jeffn. Welch 


no horse 


26 J. B Rutledge 


" 


do 


John B Rutledge 




27 John Keys 


" 


Sangamon 


John Keys 




28 Noah Mason 


" 


" 


N. Mason 




29 S. O.Neal 


« 


« 


S. ONeal 




30 T. Long 


" 


" 


Thos. Long 





228 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. Names 


Rank 


Residence 


Names Present Remarks 


31 M. H. Brents 


« 


« 


Moses H Brents 


32 D. Dickerson 


« 


" 


David H. Dickerson 


33 Wm. Kirkpatrick 


« 


" 


Wm. Kirkpatrick 


34 L. D. Matheny 


" 


" 


L. D. Matheny 


35 T. Pierce 


" 


" 


Thos. Pierce 


36 S. Malugen 


" 


" 


Saml. Malugen 


37 A. Morris 


" 


" 


A Morris 


38 W. Crow 


" 


" 


W. Crow 


39 W. L. Potts 


" 


" 


W. L. Potts 


40 J. F. Reed 


« 


" 


J. F. Reed 


41 E. P. Olliphant 


" 


" 


E. P. Olliphant 


42 B. Rusk 


" 


" 


Benj. Rusk 


43 J. Hanks 


" 


Macon 


J. Hanks 


44 W. S. Pickerel 


" 


Sangamon 


W. S. Pickerel 


45 L. Churchill 


" 


" 


Lewis Churchill 


46 J. McCoy 


" 


" 


Jos. McCoy 


47 H. Johnson 


" 


Fayette 


Henry Johnson 


48 J. Coventry 


" 


" 


John Coventry 


49 J. Shirley. 




" 


John Shirley 


50 J. Hankins 


" 


" 


Sick 


51 J. Alley 


" 


" 


Jas. Alley 


52 J. Patterson 


" 


" 


J. Patterson 


53 I. Taulby 


» 


" 


L Taulby. 


54 J. Brannum 


" 


Sangamon 


J. Brannum 


55 S. B. Dewees 


" 


Macon 


S. B. Dewees 


56 Jacob Ebey 


" 


Sangamon 


Jacob Ebey 


57 J. McCallister 


" 


" 


J. McCallister no horse 


58 J. Lane 


" 


Macon 


Jacob Lane 


59 J. D. Wright 


" 


" 


J. D. Wright 


60 J.Paul 


" 


Tazewell 


John Paul 


61 H. McJenkins 


" 


" 


Hugh McJenkins 



I certify that the above Muster Roll exhibits a true statement of the Company of 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers under my command mustered in the service of the U. 
States at the mouth of Fox River of the Illinois 

Given at Ottawa J^louth of Fox this 28 day of May 1832. 

(Signed) Elijah lies Capn. Comdg. Compy 

Mustered into the service of the U. States by order of Brig. Genl. Atkinson this 29th 
day of May 1832 

R. Anderson Ass. Ins. Genl. 



[The following two paragraphs are Anderson's notes, giving all of the remarks on the 
company's June 16 mustering-out roll. In his Muster Book they precede the May 
28 roll. The quotation marks appear as Anderson copied them in the Muster Book.] 

Alterations & remarks on the muster rolls of Capn. lies' Compy. out of service 16th 
June 1832. "2nd. Lieut H. B. Roberts due P. Kingston $1.00" "1 Corpl. A. F. Trent, 
absent on furlough — no horse." 2. G. W. Foster no horse — due P. Kingston $4.25 
"3. [Corpl.] G. W. Diamond due P. Kingston $15.25." "4. Corpl. J. Darrow horse 
absent." Prive. 2. A W Bell due P. Kingston $1.75. "6. J. Manley no horse due P. 
Kingston $4.93^" "7. E. Cole due P. Kingston $5.25." "9. Jas Querry due P. 



Second Army: Twenty-Bay Interim Regiment 



229 



Kingston $1.25" "10. G. W. Hickerson due P. Kingston $12.25." "No. 11 A. Esters 
due P. K.— $5.56K" "No 12. J. D. Henry Elected Major & promoted Lt. Colo 31. 
May 1832." "14. J. J. Gateley no horse— due P K— $3.50" "No 17. John Letcher 
Deserted 1st. June 1832 — no horse — due P. K— $3.50." 18 J. Harrington absent 
with leave. No 19. J. J. Kendall absent with leave— no horse — due P. K — $1.50. 
20. J. M. Ward no horse. "21. W. M. Neale due P. K— $2.00." 22. J Rutledge 
absent with leave — no horse — due P. K — $2,373^ "23. J. Grafft. absent with leave — 
no horse— due P. K— $2.00." "24. Wm. M'Callister absent with leave" "25. J. 
Welsh absent with leave — no horse." "26. J B Rutledge appd. surgeon 31st. May 
1832." "33. Wm. Kirkpatrick apointed Qr. Mr. 31st. May 1832." "41. E. P. Oli- 
phant apd. Adjt. 31. May 1832." "43. J. Hanks due P. Kingston $1.50." "47. H. 
Johnson due P. K— $19.43." "49. J. Shirley absent with leave— due P. K. $1.25 
"50 J. Hankins due P. K— $10.6^-" "51. J. Alley— Absent sick." "52. Jos. 
Patterson due P. Kingston $12.37J^." "57. J. M'Callister. no horse." "58 J. Lane 
due P. K. $3.81 Ji." 59 J. D Wright due P. Kingston $2.25. "60 J. Paul due P. K— 
$1.50." "61. Hugh McJenkins due P. Kingston $1.62i^." 

The above amounts due Paul Kingston are for "outfits." Musd. out of service at 
the Rapids of Illinois 16 June 1832. 

Robt Anderson A. I. G 



Anderson Muster Book, IHi. Four columns 
of the roll are omitted here: the fourth 
and fifth, which give the date of enrollment 
as May 27, 1832, and the period of enroll- 
ment as 20 days; and the seventh and 
eighth, which give the valuation of horses 
and equipment and arms of each company 
member. 

The original mustering-out roll, signed by 
lies and Anderson, is in DNA : AGO, RG 
94; IHi has photostat. In addition to the 
remarks, which Anderson noted fully, the 
roll bears the following notation, in the 
handwriting of William Thomas and signed 
by lies (lies, a state senator, was in Van- 
dalia for the 8th Illinois General Assembly, 
which was in session when U.S. Paymaster 
T. P. Andrews, accompanied by William 
Thomas, arrived there to pay the Fayette 
County troops) : 

Elijah lies Captain being sworn states, that 
Presley A Sanders whose name appears on 
this Roll had a Gun of his own during the 
period of his service, James Rutledge <& J 
Graft u'ho appear to have had no horses 
procured. Horses directly after their Enrol- 
ment, <£■ had them during the period of serv- 
ice, they icere not present at the time of 
mustering out, and the remarks opposite 
their names v:as transfered from the Roll 
made before they procured horses 



lot. January 1833. 



Elijah lies 



Subscribed and sivorn to before me this 9th 
day of January 1833. 

Tho O Eirkman JP F Co 

The following names are given more fully 
or with spelling variations on the DNA roll : 



1st Lt. Jessee M. Harrison ("Jesse" in 
"Names Present" column) ; 2d Sgt. Zac- 
hariah Millugent ("Malugen" in the "Names 
Present" column) ; 4th Sgt. Benjamin Birch 
("Burch" in the "Names Present" column) ; 
2d Corp. George W. Foster; 3d Corp. 
George W. Diamond; and Pvts. 1, Pressley 
A. Saunders ("Presley" in the "Names 
Present" column) ; 3, John T. Stuart 
("Stewart" in the "Names Present" col- 
umn) ; 6, John Manly; 11, Asa Estes 
("Esters" in the "Names Present" col- 
umn) ; 13, Jacob M. Earley; 14, John J. 
Gately ("Gateley" in the "Names Present" 
column); 19, John J. Kendall; 21, Winston 
M. Neale ("Neal" in the "Names Present" 
column); 23, John Graft; 24, William Mc- 
Alister; 25, Jefferson Welch; 29, Samuel 
ONeal; 32, David Dickinson ("Dickerson" 
in the "Names Present" column) ; 34, 
Lorenzo D. Matheny; 36, Samuel Millugent 
("Malugen" in the "Names Present" col- 
umn) ; 37, Achilles Morris ("Achillis" in 
the "Names Present" column) ; 38, William 
Crow; 39, William L. Potts; 40, James F. 
Reid ("Reed" in the "Names Present" col- 
umn) ; 41, E. P. Oliphant; 43, Joseph 
Hanks; 44, William S. Pickerel; 50, John 
Hankins; 52, Joseph Patterson; 53, Isaac 
Taulbee ("Taulby" in the "Names Present" 
column) ; 54, John Brannum ("Brannan" 
in the "Names Present" column) ; 55, 
Samuel B. Dewees; 56, Jacob Eby ("Ebey" 
in the "Names Present" column) ; 57, John 
McAlister ("McCallister" in the "Names 
Present" column) ; and 59, John D. Wright. 

In the "Residence" column the mileages 
from the place of the muster-out to the 
county of enrollment were added in pencil, 
as follows: Sangamon, 175 miles; Fayette, 



230 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



360 miles; Macon, 150 miles; Morgan, 200 
miles; Jo Daviess, 180 miles; and Tazewell, 
265 miles. 

IHi also has a photostat of the DNA receipt 
roll, which shows the pay and allowances 
given each man. It is endorsed "Vou. #47 
Amt. 1,632.59" (total pay for all company 
members) and has the account number 
17,155 of Paymaster Andrews. William 



Thomas signed as witness to the receipt of 
pay for most men, though sutler William P. 
Tillton signed for one. 

Sangamon County privates, including A. 
Lincoln, received $26.15 for service in this 
company. lies, Harrison, and Roberts certi- 
fied that they had servants named, respec- 
tively, Jno. Williams, Alvin Harrison, and 
John Servant. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN BENJAMIN JAMES 

Muster Roll of Capn. Benjamin James Company of Ills. Mounted Volunteers in the 
service of the U States under the Commd. of Brig Genl. Atkinson— Enrolled 27 May 
1832 for tiventy days. 



No Names 


Rank 


Residence 


Names Present 


1 B. James 


Capn. 


Bond County' 


Benjm. James 


1 C. Robits 


1 Lieut 


" 


Calvit Robets 


2 W. D. Shirly 


2nd. Lt. 


" 


W. D. Shirly 


1 Sloss McAdams 


1. Sergt. 


" 


S. McAdams 


2 Jas. Downing 


2nd. Sergt. 


" 


Jas. Downing 


3 J. W. West 


3rd. 


" 


John W. West 


4 Jas. Pryor 


4th 


" 


Jas. Pryor 


1 Jas. Walker 


1. Corpl. 


" 


Jas. Walker 


2 Wm. Coruthis 


2nd. " 


" 


Wm. Coruthers 


3 G. W. Conyer 


3rd 


" 


G. W. Conyer 


4 B. Holdbrook 


4th. 


" 


Benjm. Holdbrook 


1 C. S. Coffey 


Prive. 


" 


Cleavlin S. Coffey 


2 J. T. Walker 


" 


« 


J. T. Walker 


3 B. E. Sellers 


« 


« 


Benjm. E. Sellers 


4 Robert Glen 


" 


" 


R. Glen 


5 G. D. Duff 


u 


« 


G. D. Duff 


6 Wm. Lynch^ 


a 


a 


Wm. Lynch 


7 Francis Gill 


a 


" 


Francis Gill 


8 Wm. GrifEth 


" 


« 


Wm. Griffith 


9 Danl. Royer 


« 


" 


Danl. Royer 


10 E. Lyles 


« 


u 


Elbert Lyles 


11 D. H. Mills 


" 


li 


David H. Mills 


12 Josh. R. Gillespie 


" 


" 


J. R. Gillespie 


13 A. Holdbrook 


« 


« 


Amos Holdbrook 


14 Jas. McAdams 


« 


u 


Jas. McAdams 


15 Wm. McAdams 


« 


u 


W. McAdams 


16 Jackson Valentine 


" 


It 


J. 0. Volentine 


17 A. P. Mills 


" 


It 


,\ndrew P Mills 


18 A. Anthony 


" 


a 


Abraham Anthony 



I Certify &c 28th day of May 1832 

Signd. B. James Capn. 
Mustered into Service, 29th. May, 1832 
Capn. B. Jame's Company, mustered out of service 15th. June 1832 — with the follow- 



Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 



2.31 



ing "remarks," being the only alterations to be made on the preceeding roll, by which 
this Cy. was musd. into service — 



No 


1. 


No 


1. 


« 


1. 


« 


3. 


" 


4. 


" 


2 


" 


4. 


" 


15. 


« 


18. 



Remarks 

B. James. Capn. — Vain, horse & equipnts. $90 — "Horse killed in the service' 

Calvit Roberts Lt. — "Absent with leave." 

Sloss McAdams 1st. Sergt. — "Absent with leave. Horse absent." 

J. W. West— 3rd. Sergt. Absent with leave. 

James Pryor 4th. " "Horse absent." 

John T. Walker Prive. "Absent with leave" 

Robt. Glen — " — -"Absent with leave" 

Wm. McAdams " "Apd. sergt. INIajor 31st. INIay 1S32." 

Abm. Anthony " "Absent with leave." 



The usual certificate attached & signed by 



(sigd). B James. Capn. Comdg. 



Mustered out of the service of the U. States, by order of Brig Genl. Atkinson, this 
15th. day of June 1832. 

Robt. Anderson A. I. G. 



Anderson Muster Book, IHi. Columns 5, 
6, and 8, omitted here, give the value of 
horses and equipment, the value of arms, 
and remarks. There are no remarks on the 
roll. 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
original mustering-out roll. All remarks on 
the mustering-out roll were fully copied by 
Anderson at the end of the mustering-in 
roll above. The DNA roll is endorsed by a 
War Department clerk, "Reed. August 3d. 
1832." On the face of the roll are two 
notes added by the U.S. paymaster who 
paid the company, Timothy Patrick An- 
drews. One, entered in the "Residence" 
column, states, "(The distance is 250 
Miles: See James other Roll of Former serv- 
ice T.P.A.)." The other, at the foot of the 
roll, states, "The " means ditto: The Com- 
pany was all armed & Mounted T.P.A." 

Names spelled differently or given more 
fully on the DNA roll: 1st Lt. Calvit 
Roberts; 2d Corp. William Corruthis; 4th 



Corp. Benjamin Holdbrooks; and Pvts. 2, 
John T. Walker; 8, William Griffeth; 12, 
Joseph R. Gillespie ("Gillispie" in "Names 
Present" column); 13, Amos Holdbrooks; 
and 16, Jackson O. Voluntine. 

1 At least six of the members of this com- 
pany were from Montgomery County, not 
Bond. They are 2d Lt. William D. Shirley; 
3d Corp. George W. Conyer; 4th Corp. 
Benjamin Holdbrook; and Pvts. 1, Cleav- 
land S. Coffey; 5, George D. Duff; and 8, 
William Griffith. All of these men had 
served earlier in Levi D. Boone's company 
of the 2d Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade. 

2 Almost all of the men serving in Fry's 
20-day Regiment had been enrolled earlier 
in companies of Wliitcside's Brigade. Since 
no William Lynch had served earlier either 
in James's or Boone's company of the 2d 
Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade, this man 
may have been the William Lynch of Pike 
County who had served in Elisha Petty's 
company of the 3d Regiment. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM C. RALLS 

Muster Roll of Capn. Wm. C. Ralls' company of Illinois Mounted Volunteers, called 
into the service of the U. States by the Govr. of the State of Illinois, from the 27th. 
day of May to the 16th June 1S3[2] 



No Names 


Rank 


Residence 


Names Present 


1 W. C. Ralls 
1 R. M. Wyatt 


Capn. 
Lieut 


Schuyler Cy. S. side 
Monroe 


Wm. C. Ralls 
Radford M Wyatt 



232 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 183i 



No Names 


Rank 


Residence 


Names Present 


1 J. M. Jones 


Sergt 


Schuyler. 


Jno. M. Jones 


2 S. E. Pierce 




Adams 


Saml. E Pierce 


3 S. A. St. Cyr 


« 


St. Louis Miss. 


Stepn. A. St. Cyr 


4 S. G Bond 


« 


Monroe lis. 


S. G Bond 


1 J. Wilkerson 


Prive. 


Schuyler 


Jacob Wilkerson 


2 J. D. Crawford 


" 


" south 


John D Crawford 


3 Joel Eves 


« 


" 


Joel Eves 


4 Danl. Moore 


" 


« 


Danl. Moore 


5 Luke Owen 


" 


" 


Luke Owen 


6 Wm. Morris 


« 


« 


Wm. Morris 


7 Jeffn. Coonrod 


" 


« 


Jefferson Coonrod 


8 John Briscoe 


« 


" south 


John Briscoe 


9 Johnston Chapman 


" 


" " 


J. Chapman 


10 J. Richardson 


" 


" 


Jacob Richardson 


11 A. Richardson 


« 


« 


Aaron Richardson 


12 E. Kirkman 


« 


« 


Ezra Kirkman 


13 R. Lane 


« 


" 


Ruthd. Lane 


14 X. F. Trail 


« 


Mimroe 


Xerxes F Trail 


15 S. Brooks 


« 


" 


Stephen Brooks 


16 J. W. Johnston 


" 


" [Shelby] 


Jas. W. Johnston 


17 Thos. Johnston 


" 


Adams 


Thos. Johnston 


18 Ebn. Turner 


" 


« 


Ebn. Turner 


19 Erestes Beebe 


« 


South 


Erestes Beebe 


20 Andrew Melvan 


" 


Cape Geradau Miss: 


A. Melvan 



I certify that the above Muster Roll Exhibits a true statement of the Company of 
Ills, volunteers under my command mustered in the service of the U. States at the 
mouth of Fox River of the Illinois. Given at Ottawa mouth of Fox this 28th day of 
May 1832. 

Signd. Wm C Ralls Capn. 

Mustered into service 29th. May 1832 

R Anderson A. I. G. 

Capn. Rail's Compy. was mustered out of service, on the 15th. June 1832. No altera- 
tions in the names of the Offrs. & men. All are mustered out of service, as having 
horses, except No. 16. J. W Johnston, "remarks" "Lost his horse." No. 12 is spelt 
"Kirkland" in place of "Kirkman." No other remarks on the roll. Horse & equip- 
ments appraised to $100. The usual certificate attached, and "Signed at Ottawa, 
mouth of Fox River, this 15th. June 1832" 

(Sigd.) W C Ralls Capt." 

Mustered out of the service of the U. States, by order of Brig. Genl. Atkinson this 
15th. day of June, 1832 

Robt. Anderson Asst. Inr. Genl. 



Anderson Muster Book, IHi. Columns 5, 
6, and 8 are omitted here. They give the 
value of horses, the value of arms, and 
remarks. The remark "no horse" follows the 
names of 3d Sgt. St. Cyr and Pvts. Craw- 
ford, Eves, Owen, Morris, Coonrod, Briscoe, 
Chapman, and the two Richardsons. The 



remark "horse absent" follows the names 
of Pvts. 12 and 13, Kirkman [Kirkham] 
and Lane. 

The original mustering-out roll signed by 
Anderson and Ralls is in DNA; IHi has 
photostat. Anderson noted the only remark 



Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regimerit 



233 



on the June 15 roll, but the following names 
have spelling variations: Lt. Radford M. 
Wiatt; 3d Sgt. Stephen A. St. Cyr; and 
Pvts. 5, Luke Owens; 12, Ezra Kirkland 
(the correct spelling is probably Kirk- 
ham) ; and 13, Ruthford Lane (given 
"Rushford" in one column). 

On the DNA roll the residence of James 
W. Johnston, No. IC, is given correctly as 
Shelby, not Monroe, County. 

Inserted in pencil, preceding the residences, 



are mileage figures from the place of muster- 
out to the place of enrollment. They were 
given as follows: Schuyler County, 220 
miles; Schuyler County — south side, 245 
miles; Monroe County, 350 miles; Adams 
County, 250 miles; Adams County — south 
side, 270 miles; St. Louis, Missouri, 330 
(or 300) miles; Shelby County, 275 miles; 
and Cape Girardeau, Missouri, 350 miles. 

The DNA roll is endorsed by a War Depart- 
ment clerk: "Reed. August 3d [1332]." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL SMITH 

}^luster Roll of Capt Samuel Smiths Company of Illinois Mounted Volunteers in the 
Service of the United States under the command of Brigadier General H Atkinson 



No Names of Men 


Rank 




Place of 


Remarks 








residenc 




1 Samuel Smith 


Capt 




Green Co Illi 




1 James D Scott 


1st Lieut 


" 


" 




1 Jacob Waggoner 


2 


do 


" 


" 




1 Thomas Briggs 


1 Sergt 


" 


" 




2 Frederick Atchison 


2nd 


do 


" 


" 


absent with leave 


3 Fielden Atchison 


3rd 


do 


Morgan Co Illi 




4 Squier Wood 


4h 


do 


Green Couy. lis 


On Special Duty as Waggn 












master 31st day of May 












1832 


1 George Sanders 


1 Corp 


" 


« 


on furlough 


2 Harrison Poindexter 


2nd 


do 


" 


" 




3 RGLee 


3rd 


do 


" 


" 




4 Vincent Lee^ 


4h 


do 


" 


" 




1 Jeremiah Smith 


Private 


" 


" 




2 James Tourney 


" 




" 


" 


Horse Absent 


3 John W Scott 






" 


" 


Promoted to pay INIaster 
May 3 It. 1832 


4 Isaac Moore 


" 




" 


" 


absent with leave 


5 Mathias S Link 


" 




" 


" 




6 William H Dulany 










Appointed Surgeon 30th 
May 1832 by order Genl. 
Atkinson Absent 


7 David Link 


" 




" 


" 




8 Israel Piper 


" 




« 


« 


on furlough 


9 Washington Laxton 


" 




" 


" 




10 Levi T Whitesides 


" 




" 


« 




11 Squier Dun 


" 




" 


« 


absent on leave 


12 James Whitlock^ 


" 




" 


" 




13 Benjamin F Massey 


" 




" 


" 




14 James Walden 


" 




« 


" 




15 Edward Crabb 


« 




« 


" 




16 Thos R Walden 


" 




" 


" 


Prometed Qr :\Iaster Sergt. 
31st. May 1832 


17 Thos Hopper 


" 




" 


" 


absent with leave 



234 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No Names of Men 


Rank 


Place of 
residenc 


Remarks 


18 Johnathan Hill 


« 


a u 


on furlough 


19 Martin Burns 


" 


" " 


on furlough 


20 Wm. H Whitesides 


" 


Madison Co lUi 




21 John B Whitesids 


" 


Greene Co " 




22 Bnjn F Barnet 


" 


Madison Co " 




23 David Melton 


" 


Green [Co] Illi 




24 Lemuel Burton 


" 






25 Isam Adcock 


" 






26 James Gilliland 


" 




on furlough 


27 Squier Clark 


" 


Madison Co Illi 




28 Joseph Lakin 


" 


Green Cy Ills 




29 Ambers M Meeker 


" 


St Louis Mri. 




30 James Fisher^ 


" 


Green County Ills 


on furlough 


31 John Baker 


" 


" " 


on furlough 


32 Gregory Doil 


" 


" " 


on furlough 


33 Preston Boggus 


" 


" " 




34 William Cook 


" 


" " 




35 John Reddish 


" 


" " 




36 Johnathan Leighton 


" 


Morgan Co Illi 


Promoted Surgns Mate 
May 31st 32 


37 Jacob Fry 




Green Co " 


Promoted Colonel May 
31st. 32 


38 Charles W Dansworth 


« 


" " 


absent with leave 


39 Gideon Walker 


" 


Shelby Co Illis 




40 S. S. Story 




Shelby Co Illis 


Discharged lOh June 1832 
by order Genl. Atkinson. 


41 A. V. Bonner* 


" 


Madison Couy 





I certify that the above Muster Roll exhibits a true Statement of Capt Samuel Smiths 
Company of Mounted Volunteers Mustered out of the Service of the United States 
at the Mouth of Fox River of the Illinois River Given at the Mouth of Fox River 
Illinois this 15h day of June 1832 

S[amuel] Smith Commg. 



[ANS] Mustered of of the Service of the U. States by order of Brig Genl. Atkinson 
this 15th day of June 1832. 

Robt Anderson Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, DNA; IHi has photostat. Endorsed (by 
a War Department clerk) : "Reed. Augst. 
3d. 1832." Columns 4 through 9 of the 
original roll are omitted here. Columns 4 
and 5 give the date of enrollment as May 
27 and the period of enrollment as 20 days. 
Columns 6, 7, and 8 give the value of 
arms, the value of horses and equipment, 
and a description of the horses. Column 9 
lists those present at the muster-out; see 
the remarks above to determine the ab- 
sentees. 

All company members had horses except 
A. v. Bonner, Pvt. 41, who did not enroll 
in the company until June 8. Two names 
are spelled differently in the "Names Pres- 



ent" column, Pvt. 16, Thoms R. Wallon 
[Walton ?], and 21, John B. Whitesides. 

Mileages from the place of muster-out to 
the place of enrollment were penciled on the 
DNA roll as follows: Greene County, 250 
miles; Morgan County, 200 miles; Madison 
County, 284 miles; St. Louis, Missouri, 
300 miles; Shelby County, 225 miles 
(other Shelby County company rolls give 
the mileage as 275). 

The Anderson Muster Book in IHi con- 
tains Anderson's copy of the mustering-in 
roll of this company. The captain's cer- 
tificate is dated at the mouth of Fox River, 
May 28, 1832, and Anderson's certificate 



Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 



235 



states that the company was mustered into 
U.S. service May 29. At that time A. V. 
Bonner had not yet enrolled. 

Names given more fully or having spelling 
variations on the Muster Book roll are as 
follows: 2d Sgt. Fredk. Atchinson ("Atchi- 
son" in "Names Present" column) ; 4th 
Sgt. Squire Wood; and Pvts. 11, Squire 
Dunn; 12, James Whitesides; 16, Thomas 
R. Walton; 26, Jas. Gillilam; 27, Squire 
Clark; 28, Jos. Lakin; 29, As. McMeeker; 
30, John Fisher ("James" in "Names Pres- 
ent" column); 33, Presn. Boggust; and 
38, C. W. Dunswort. 

1 He may have been the Vincent Lee who 
had served in Pruitt's (later Littell's) Madi- 
son County company of the 1st Regiment, 
Whiteside's Brigade. No previous service 
record of a Vincent Lee from Greene County 
has been found. 

2 The "Whitlock" was written over the 
original entry, "Whitesides." James Whit- 
lock had served in Whiteside's Brigade as 



2d lieutenant of McDow's company of the 
2d Regiment. No record of 1832 service 
for a James Whitesides has been found. In 
the 1831 campaign James H. Whitesides of 
Greene County was 1st corporal of Pierce's 
company of the 2d Regiment, Duncan's 
Brigade. 

3 The name "James" was written over 
"John." "James Fisher" is the correct 
name ; he had served earlier in Jeremiah 
Smith's company of the 2d Regiment, 
Whiteside's Brigade. 

4 Alexander V. Bonner had been previously 
enrolled in John Wilbourn's infantry com- 
pany, which was inspected by the captain 
on June 8 and formally mustered out of 
service by Lt. Robert Anderson on June 9. 
He may also have been the Alexander Bon- 
ner who was mustered into U.S. service 
on June 19 as a private in Alexander 
Smith's (later Patterson's) Greene County 
company of the 2d Regiment, 3d Brigade, 
and furloughed the following day. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ADAM W. 
MUSTERING-IN ROLL 



SNYDER: 



Muster Roll of Adam W. Snyder's Compy. of Mounted Volunteers of Ills, in the 
service of the United States under the Commd. of Brig Genl. Atkinson 

Enrolled 27. May 1832. for twenty days. 







Valuation^ 






Horse & 




No. Names 


Residences. 


Equipmts. 


Arms. 


1 Adam W. Snyder 


St. Clair 


$120 


40 


1 John Winstanly 1 Lt. 


" 


85 


" 


2 J. T. Lusk. 2nd. Lt. 


Madison 


130 


50 


1 N. C. Johnston 1st. Sergt. 


Monroe 


100 


15 


2 Solomon C. Spann 2nd. Sergt. 


St. Clair 


120 


35 


3 J. Taylor 3rd. Segt. 


" 


70 




4 J. R. Gillam 4th " 


Madison 


85 


30 


1 Henry Hartline Corpl. 


Monroe 


110 


25 


2 Benjm. McDaniel " 


St. Clair 


65 


« 


3 R. Pierce 


Madison 


75 


20 


4 Thos. Coon 


St. Clair 


75 


30 


1 John Thomas Prive. 


" 


125 


20 


2 Josias Randle " 


Madison 






3 Wm. Wright 


St. Clair 


80 




4 Wm. B. Makumson 


" 


125 


25 


5 Solomon Teeter 


« 


125 


15 


6 E. A Hendricks 


« 


85 


25 



236 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 







Valuation^ 








Horse & 




No. Names 


Resideyices. 


Equipmts. Anns. 


7 Benjm. Brooks 


u 


100 


15 


8 Richd. Roman 


" 


100 


55 


9 Wm. S. Thomas 


« 


100 


30 


10 Francois Jorrot 


« 


80 


20 


11 Isaac Abbott 


« 


90 


30 


12 Joseph Whitesides 


« 


115 


25 


13 Geo. P. Dikes 


" 


65 


18 


14 John Woods^ 


Madison 


85 


20 


15 Levi Smith 


" 


110 


30 


16 P. Teeter 


St. Clair 


110 


20 


17 J. W. Ashbey 


" 


70 


« 


18 Josh. Welker 


" 


110 


20 


19 Geo. D Kinney 


" 


110 


30 


20 Chas. Scott 


« 


100 


30 


21 Levi Willderman 


" 


100 


25 


22 Erastus Wheeler 


Madison 


115 


25 


23 R B [R] Randle 


" 


75 


10 


24 Jas. E. McEvoy 


Madison 


85 


" 


25 B. Stephenson 


" 


115 


28 


26 C. Herrington 


" 






27 J. M. McTyr CorneUus 


Monroe 


95 


15 


28 J. Gilespie 


Madison 


100 


28 


29 M. D. Lusk 


« 


125 


28 


30 Wm. W. Torence 


" 


95 


18 


31 C. Y. Otwell 


" 


80 


20 


32 L. Cleaveland 


« 


65 


18 


33 C. [0.] C. Motley 


" 


125 


28 


34 I. McClain 


a 


100 


30 


35 W. Hamilton 


" 


120 


25 


36 G. R. Shields 


" 


70 




37 P. Hill 


Monroe 






38 J. Right 


" 


85 


30 


39 Jas. B. Needles 


" 


100 


35 


40 John. M. Moor 


« 


100 


20 


41 W. McK. Moor 


" 


95 


25 


42 Saml. Culah 


Madison 


80 




43 Henry Harrison 


Putnam 






44 J. W. Hall 


La Sail 






45 J. Laurence 


Madison 


90 


20 


46 L. C. Wermet 


Randolph 






47 P. Menard 


" 






48 Jas. Semple 


Madison 


135 


60 


49 B. Scott 


St. Clair 


100 


35 


50 H. H. West 


Madison 


125 


20 


51 Saml. Whitesides 


" 






52 J. T. Baker 


St. Clair 


85 




53 R. H. Spencer 


Rock Island. 


110 


30 


54 B. Whiten 


Pike 


100 


30 


55 Lucious Wells 


" 


95 


10 


56 J. Welles 


Rock Island 


125 





Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 



237 



No. 



Names 



Residences. 



Valuation^ 
Horse & 
Equipmts. Arms. 



57 O. M. Adams 

58 P. Lansette 



Madison 
La Selle 



115 



I certify &c 28 day of May 1832 



(signed) Adam W Snyder Capt Comd 



Anderson Muster Book, IHi. The last two 
columns, "Names Present" and "Remarks," 
are omitted here. 



of the signatures, though J. L(S ?). Price 
and sutler W. P. Tillton also signed as wit- 
nesses. 



There are five remarks on the roll. Pvts. 
46, 47, and 57, L. C. Wermet [Louis 
Ouilmette], P. Menard, and O. M. Adams, 
are marked "On Express." The remark 
"no horse" follows the names of Pvts. 43 
and 44, Henry Harrison and J. W. Hall. 
The three men on express were the only 
absentees at the time of mustering-in. 

Names given more fully or with spelling 
variations in the "Names Present" column: 
3d Corp. Robt. Pierce and Pvts. 3, Wm. 
Right; 6, Elijah A. Hendricks; 10, F. Jar- 
rott; 16, Phil. Teeter; 21, L. Wilderman; 
23, Ricd. B. Randle ; 25, Benj. Stephenson; 
28, Jos. Gilespie; 31, Ceylon Y. Otwell ; 32, 
Louren Cleaveland; 33, C. C. Motly; 34, 
Isaac McClain; 35, Wm. Hamilton; 36, 
Geo. R. Shields; 37. Penn. Hill; 38, John 
Right; 42, S. McCulah; 49, Benj. Scott; 
53, Roswel H. Spencer; 54, Bridge Whiten; 
56, J. Wells; and 58, Pierre Lansette. 

The company receipt roll (original in DNA) 
is endorsed " "No. 43 . . . $2,338.27" — the 
total paid the company, and has the An- 
drews account number 17,155. 

Pay for three casualties was received by 
James McKenson or Macomson, for his son; 
by William Kinny (so spelled), the lieutenant 
governor, for his son, George D. ; by "Rhode 
McDanil" for her husband ; by Isaac Prickett, 
coexeciitor of the estate of Loren Cleveland ; 
and by Samuel Scott, father of Benjamin 
Scott. 

William Thomas signed as witness to most 



1 The original mustering-out roll, a tran- 
script of which follows, also lists the valua- 
tion of horses and arms and equipment. On 
that roll the horses of three men are given 
different values. Those of Pvts. 15, 18, and 
19, Levi Smith, Joseph Welker, and George 
D. Kinney, are all valued at $100. 

The following valuations of arms and equip- 
ment also vary from those on the mus- 
tering-in roll: 







Value of Arms 




Privates 


and Equipment 


5, 


Solomon Teter 


$18. 


9, 


William S. Thomas 


28. 


10, 


Francis Jarrot 


25. 


SO, 


Charles Scott 


20. 


24, 


James E. McElroy 


00. 


23, 


Joseph Gillespie 


25. 



All blank spaces in the two columns on the 
mustering-in roll have been filled with ditto 
marks on the mustering-out roll. 

2 This man was from St. Clair County, not 
Madison. In 1831 he served in Solomon 
Miller's company, and in the 1832 cam- 
paign he had been previously enrolled in 
John Winstanley's company of the 1st 
Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade. For bio- 
graphical information and an anecdote about 
his service in Snyder's company, see 
Macon County (1S93), 455. 

No service record for a John Woods from 
Madison County has been found. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ADAM W. SNYDER: 
MUSTERING-OUT ROLL 



Muster Roll of Capt. A. W. Snyders Company of Mounted Volunteers mustered out 
of service on the 21st June 1832 at Dixons ferry rock river Illinois 



238 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 









Distance 




No. Names 


Rank 


Residence 


from 
Residence 


Remarkes 


1 Adam W Snyder 


captn. 


St Clair 


325 Miles 


horse & Arms lost in battle on 
the 16th June 1832 [ANS:] 
not true: see note at end 
T.P.A. P Mr &c 


1 Jno. Winstanley 


1 Liutt. 


« « 


« « 




2 John T Lusk 


2sd. do 


Madison 


300 




1 Nathan C Johnston 


1st. sargt. 


Monroe 


350 




2 Sollomon Span 


2sd. do 


St Clair 


325 




3 James Taylor 


3 


" « 


" 




4 Josiah R Gillam 


4 


Madison 


300 




1 H. Hartline 


1 corpl. 


Monroe 


350 


gun lost in battle 16th June 
1832 


2 Benjn. McDaniel 


2 do. 


St. Clair 


325 


Killed on the 16th June & 
horse lost. 


3 Robt. B Pierce 


3 " 


Madison 


300 




4 Thos. Coon 


4 " 


St Clair 


325 




1 John Thomas 


Private 


" " 


« 


promoted to Major 


2 Josias Randle 


" 


Madison 


300 


on furlough 


3 WiUiam Right 


" 


St. Clair 


325 




4 William B. Makemson 


" 


" 


" 


Killed 16th June in battle 


5 Solomon Teter 


" 


" 


" 




6 Elijah A Hendricks 


« 


« 


" 


sick absent 


7 Benjaman Brookes 


" 


" 


" 


on command 


8 Richard Roman 


" 


" 


" 




9 Wm. S. Thomas 


« 


« 


« 




10 Francis Jarrott 


" 


" 


« 




11 Isaac Abbott 


" 


" 


" 


horse Killed 16th June 


12 Joseph Whiteside 


" 


« 


« 




13 George P Dikes 


" 


" 


" 




14 John Woodes 


" 


Madison 


300 




15 Levi Smith 


« 


« 


«« 




16 Philip Teter 


« 


St Clair 


325 




17 J. W. Ashby 


" 


u u 


" 




18 Joseph Welker 


" 


u u 


" 


Gun lost 16th June in battle 


19 George D Kinney 


" 


u « 


" 




20 Charles Scott 


" 


" " 


" 




21 Levi Wildermon 


« 


u u 


« 




22 Erastes Wheeler 


" 


Madison 


300 


on command 


23 Richard R Randle 


« 


" 


« 


on command 


24 Jas. E McElroy 


" 


" 


" 


on command 


25 Benjaman Stephenson 


" 


" 






26 Charles Herrmgton 


" 


" 


" 


on furlough 


27 J. M. McTyr Cornelious 


1 " 


Monroe 


350 


Gun lost 16th June in battle 


28 Joseph Gilespe 


" 


Madison 


300 




29 Marcus Lusk 


" 


" 


" 




30 William W Torence 


" 


" 


a 




31 Ceylon Y Ottwell 


« 


u 


« 




32 Loren Cleavland^ 


" 


" 


" 


Died in service 12th June 1832 


33 C Motley 


" 


" 


" 




34 Isaac McClain 


" 


" 


" 


on furlough 


35 Wm. Hamilton 


" 


" 


u 





Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 



239 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Residence 



Distance 

from 
Residence 



Retriarkcs 



Gerge R Shieldes 
Pendlton Hill 
John Right 
Jas. B Needles 
John M i\Ioor 
Wm. Mc Moor 
Samuel McCulaugh 

Henery Harrison 
John Hall 
John Laurence 
Louis Owemet 
Pier Menard 
James Sample 
Benjn. Scott 
Henry H West 
Samuel Whiteside 
John T Baker 
Roswell H Spence[r] 
B. Whitten 



55 Lucious Wells 

56 John Wells 

57 Orlen M. Adams 

58 Pier Lemsett 



MonRoe 350 



Madison 300 

Putnam 100 

LaSell 20 

Madison 300 

Randolph 400 

Madison 300 

St. Clair 325 

"[Madison] " 

;;[ " ] ;; 

Rock Ills. 150 

Pike 200 



Rock Ills. 150 
Madison 300 
LeSell 45 



delivered to civiljAuthority, 
13 June 1832 

on furlough 

absent without Leave 
absent without Leave 

Killed 16th June. 



on command gun lost in bat- 
tle 16th June 
on command 

Do. 
on Express 
on command 



I Do hereby certify that the muster roll above is correct & that the remarks set oppo- 
site are Just & True to the best of my Knowlege certified on honour 21st. June 1832 

A W Snyder Capt Com. lUi Volunteers 

[ANS] Mustered & Inspected this 21 June 1832 

J Bliss Maj 1 Inf Musterg & Inspectg Off. 

Note as to the Captains Horse &c 
[ANS] I was informed by the Major of the Regiment & Various other officers & soldiers 
that this statement was entirely untrue. 

Edwardsville Illinois 14 Deer. 1832 T P. Andrews Pay Master US. Ay 



DS, DNA. The heading of the roll and the 
captain's certificate are in Snyder's hand- 
writing. Endorsed: (1) "Capt. A. \V. Sny- 
ders Coy 1 — of 6 — 20 day men." (2) 
ES — "261 — Thru: Maj. Bliss 22 Sepr: 
1832 R[oger] Jones." (3) AES — "Reed. 
26 Septr. 1832. N[athan]. T[owson]. Sup- 
posed to be Illinois militia — mustered out 
of service 21 June 1832. N.T." 

Columns 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9 are omitted from 
this transcript. Columns 4 and 5 give the 
date of enrollment as May 27, 1832, and 
the period of enrollment as 20 days. 



Columns 7 and 8 give the valuation of the 
horses and equipage and arms of company 
members. These valuations are also given 
on the mustering-in roll. Variations be- 
tween the rolls are listed in the source 
note of the mustering-in roll. 

Column 9 lists the names of the forty- 
seven company members who were present 
at the muster-out. Absentees were Benjamin 
McDaniel, John Thomas (Jr.), Josiah (or 
Josias) Randle, William B. Macomson, Eli- 
jah A. Hendricks, Benjamin Brooks, Eras- 
tus Wheeler, Richard R. Randle, James E. 



240 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



McElroy, Charles Herrington, Loren Cleve- 
land, Isaac McLean, Samuel McCuIIoch, 
John W. Hall, Louis Ouilmette, Peter (or 
Pierre) Menard, Benjamin Scott, Bridge 
Whitten, Lucius Wells, John Wells, O. M. 
Adams, and Pierre Lansette (or Lemsett). 

Names given more fully or with spelling 
variations in the "Names Present" column: 
1st Corp. Henery Hartline and Pvts. 25, 
B. Stepheson; 28, J. Gilespie ; 29, M. D. 
Lusk; and 36, G. R. Shields. 

1 Although he is nowhere named as such, 
Cleveland apparently was the victim of a 
stabbing by Samuel McCulloch, Pvt. 42 on 
this roll. See the remark after his name. 

John W. Hall, Pvt. 44, writing in 1867 



about his escape from the Indian Creek 
Massacre and his subsequent experiences in 
Snyder's company, incidentally mentioned 
this episode, as follows (Stevens, 156) : 

[At Eellogg's Grove] I, with some others, 
ivas detached to guard one of the company, 
who had stabbed his comrade, to Galena, and 
ice started at midnight. Arriving at Galena, 
I obtained a furlough, and went to the White 
Oak Springs, where I found my sisters. . . . 

An affidavit of Dr. Richard Roman, dated 
Dec. 10, 1832, and filed with the company 
receipt roll (original in DNA; photostat 
in IHi), states that McCulloch was de- 
livered to Jo Daviess County civil authori- 
ties on a charge of murder but had been 
acquitted by Dec. 10, 1832. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ALEXANDER WHITE 

Muster Roll of a Company of Mounted Volunteers under the Command of Alexander 
White called into the Service of the United States by the Order of the Govenor of 
the State of Illinois and who served from the 26th day of May to the 15th. day of 
June (both days inclusive) 1832 



Number 



Names 



Rank 



date of day 

enrollment discharged 



26th May 15th. June 



Alexander White 
Talbert Shipley 
Ebenezer Wiggins 
John Waggoner 
Evt. Perkins 
John. O. Smith 
Hugh Wilson 
Thomas Willis 
John Maffett 
George Middleton 
James Marfett 
Davidson Hibbert 
Hugh White 
Elisha Hickerson 
Andrew Turner 
Daniel Thompson 
Wm. D. Hickerson 
William Wallace 
Abraham Moore 
Nathan Kenedy 
Thomas Brewer 
Abraham Lincoln 
Wm. G. Perkins 
Andrew H Perkins 
Wm. E. Franklin 
WiUiam Sailors 
William Cash 



Captain 
1st Lieut. 
1st Sergent 
2d. Sergent 
3d Sergeant 
4th Sergeant 
1st Corporal 
private 



2d. Corporal 
private 



Second Army: Twenty-Day Interim Regiment 241 



date of day 

Number Names Rank enrollment discharged 



28 


George Buchaanan 


" 


29 


William Higgins 


" 


30 


Johnson Clark senr. 


" 


31 


Hezikiah Spillman 


« 


32 


Riley Driskel 


" 


33 


John IVIcKee 


« 


34 


Samuel Goodwin 


« 


35 


Isaac Stephens 


« 


36 


John R. Atherton 


" 


37 


Edward White 


« 


38 


Amzi. Doolittle 


3d. Corporal 


39 


James WUson 


private 


40 


Benjamin Matchler 


" 


41 


Thomas Wilson 


" 


42 


Joshua Owens 


« 


43 


Jacob Compton 


" 


44 


Thomas H. Owens 


" 


45 


Hezikiah P. Bradley 


« 


46 


John. M. Forrest 


« 


47 


Johnson Clark Junr. 


" 



I Certify that this Muster roll gives a true statement of the names of the Men, their 
rank, dates of enlistment, the date on which they were discharged, the Valuation of 
the Arms, equipments, & horses, with the description of the horses — And I do further 
certif}', that none of the horses, Arms, or accourtrements were lost during the time 
the Company (under my command) were in the Service of the United States 

Alexander White Capt 

[ANSI 

State of Illinois 
I certify and State: that in the interval of time between the disbanding of one army 
of mounted vohmteers, and the organising of another, it was necessary to raise some 
companies of mounted men to guard the frontier, and in consequence of such necessity 
Capt. White was ordered to raise said company for the time mentioned in said muster 
Roll, and he acted as Capt of said company. 

4th. Oct. 1832. John Reynolds com. in chief 111 mil. 

[The following certificate, in the handwriting of J. H. Ralston, was also signed by 
White.] 

State of Illinois Adams county. 

Alexander White being sworn states, that he is the person whose name appears on 
this muster Roll as captain, that Lewis Ray was a private in said company, and Entered 
the service in the company on the 26th. May 1832 and continued in service until the 
company was mustered out of service, that his name was omited on the muster Roll 
accident or inadvertance and not by design, and he is entitled to the same compensa- 
tion as the other privates in the company 

Alexander White 
Subscribed & sworn to this 24th. Deer 1832. 

J H Ralston, Justice of Peace Adams County 



242 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



DS, DNA: AGO, RG 94. Endorsed: "An- 
drews 17155C with Vou. 52." 

The roll apparently was enclosed in a 
separate wrapper or envelope addressed, 
by Governor John Reynolds, to "The Hon. 
Lewis Cass Secty of War Washington City," 
postmarked at "Belville 111 [?]th Octr 
free," and endorsed: "Dept War 22 Oct '32 
Secry of War. Refers Capt Alex White's 
muster roll Ills mtd. vol." 

The last four columns of the original roll 
are omitted here. They list the valuation of 
arms and equipment, the valuation of 
horses, and a description of the horse be- 
longing to each company member. The only 



entry in the last column, headed "Re- 
marks," is the following NS: "The Com- 
pany furnished their Own Arms, Accou- 
trements, ammunition, flints, horses, and 
provisions Alexander White Capt." 

The original receipt roll in DNA (IHi has 
photostat) has the following endorsement: 
"Vou. 52 Andrew[s 17,155?]" and shows 
the total paid out as $892.49. Company mem- 
bers were paid for 21 days, and the average 
pay for a private was $18.31. William 
Thomas signed as witness to the payment. 
Captain White certified that he had a servant 
"James Wilson, White man 25 years age," 
and Shipley gave his servant as "M Shipley 
White 30 years of age." 



Staff Officers of the First Brigade, Third Army 



Muster Roll of the Brigade Field and Staff Officers of the 1st Brigade of the Illinois 
Mounted Volunteers called into the Service of the United States by the Governor of 
the State of Illinois by his order of the 15th. May 1832 from the date of their enrolment 
to the 14th day of August 1S32 the time of their Mustering out of service 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



County 



R-e-m-a-r-k-s 



1 


Alexander Posey 


Brig Genl. 


Gallatin 


At praria de-Chain by Genl 
Atkinsons permission and 
one servant 


2 


John Raum 


Brig Maj. & Ins. 


Pope 


3 Horses in service. 


3 


James M Jones 


Brig Q. M. 


Gallatin 


Absent on furlough 


4 


Benj. A Clark 


Aid de camp 


Wayne 


3 Horses & 1 Servant in 
service 


5 


WUliam WaUace 


Brig. pay. M 


Gallatin 


Absent on furlough 


6 


Marshall Rawlings 


asst Brig Q. M. 


Gallatin 


Absent on furlough 


7 


John McClelland 


ass Brig Q.M. 


Gallatin 


Absent on furlough 


8 


John Wood 


Orderly to Genl 
Posey 


Gallatin 


Absent on furlough 


9 


Lee Hargrave 


Waggon Master 


Gallatin 


Absent on furlough 



Note — the field and Staff officers in the above roll severally furnished at their own 
expence Six days rations each when they left home to enter the service of the United 
States. They have drawn but one single Ration in kind pr. day during the whole 
campaign And but One half Bushel Corn each as forage for the same term of time 

I certify, on honor, that this Muster roll exhibits the true state of the Field & Staff 
Officers of the 1st Brigade Illinois Mt Volunteers in the service of the United States, 
for the period herein mentioned; that the Remarks set opposite the names of each 
Officer are accurate and just. 

Willis Hargrave Col. Comdg 1st Brig 111 Mt Vol 

I Certify on Honor that I have carefully examined this muster roll and that I have 
this 14th August 1832 mustered out of service of the United States the above mentioned 
Officers by order of Brigr. Genl. Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. Omitted here are Columns 4, 5, 
6, 7, 9, and 10. The fourth and fifth col- 
umns state that all staff members were 
enrolled on June 16, 1832, for 90 days. 
The sixth column states that pay is due 
each man from the date of enrollment. The 



seventh column lists the only two staff 
members who were present at the muster- 
out: John Raum and Benjamin A. Clark. 
The ninth column shows that Raum drew 
traveling rations for 15 days, Clark for 8, 
and the other staff members, none. The 



243 



244 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



tenth column, 
blank. 



'Amt due the Suttler," is 



IHi also has a mustering-in roll, made out 
by Joshua T. Bradley and signed by E. C. 
Berry, "Adjt. & Inspector Genl.," at the 
"Foot of the Lower Rapids Illinois River" 
on June 15. The mustering-in roll includes 
one additional man, Alexander H. Hall, 
aide-de-camp, but omits Wood and Lee 



Hargrave. The name of the assistant quar- 
termaster, John McClernand, is given on 
the June 15 roll as McLernand. 

The mustering-in roll lists only names, rank, 
date of commission, place of rendezvous, 
and time of service. The date of com- 
mission is given as June 15, instead of 
June 16, and the place of rendezvous as 
Fort Wilbourn. 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & Staff Officers of the 1st Regiment 1st Brigade of the Illinois 
Mounted Volenteers Called into the service of the United States by the Governor of 
the State of Illinois by his order of the 15th May 1832 from the date of their enrolment 
to the 14th day of Augt 1832 the time of their INIustering Out of Service 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



County 



Remarks 



1 Willis Hargrave 



3 James Hampton 

4 Lewis Reed 



5 Tarlton Dunn 



6 William H Jameson 

7 Benjamin Hardin 

8 James Dunn 



9 Edward Jones 
10 Robert Ritchey 



Colonel 


Gallatin 


four Horses & one Serveant in 
Service. One horse lost Value 
$65. (rode down on force march 


Lieut Col 


Do 


Absent on fiu-lough 


Major 


Do 


Absent 


Agt 


Do 


Two horses & one serveant in serv- 
ice 2 horses crippled in force 
march & left 


Surgeon 


Do 


mustered out of service on Col 
Ewing's roll of Field & Staff 
officers 


Sugs Mate 


Do 


Two horses & one Serveant in 
Service 


Qr. Master 


Do 


Absent on Furlough 


Qr. master 


Do 


mustered out of service on Col 


Sergt 




Ewing's roll of Field & Staff 
officers 


pay Master 


Do 


Absent on Fui'lough 


Sergt Maj 


Do 


Absent on Furlough 



Note — The Field and Staff officers in the above roll severally furnished themselves 
with six days rations each at their own expense when they left home to enter the 
service of the United States. They have they have drawn but one ration in Kind per 
day to each man during the whole Campaign — And but one half bushel of Corn to 
each man as forage for the Same term of time. 

I Certify on honour that the above is a correct roll of the Field & Staff officers of the 
1st Regt 1st Brig 111. Mt Vol under comd. of Brig Genl Pose}'. And that the remarks 
made oposite the names of each individual and those made in the margin under this 
roll are just and true. Done at Fort Dixon 111. this 14th day of August 1S32 

Willis Hargrave Comg. Col 1st Regt 1st Brig 111. Mt Vol 



[ANS] I certify on Honor that I have carefully Examined the above Muster Roll, 

245 



246 



PART TWO : Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



and that I have this 14th day of August 1832 mustered out of the Service of the U. 
States the above mentioned Officers by order of Brig Genl. Atkinson 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. Columns 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10 
are omitted here. The fourth and fifth 
columns state that the staff was enrolled 
June 16, 1832, for 90 days. The sixth col- 
umn shows that pay was due each officer 
from the time of enrollment. Only three 
staff officers — Willis Hargrave, Lewis Reed, 
and William H. Jameson — -were present at 
the muster-out. They are listed in the 
seventh column. The ninth column shows 
that each of the three officers present drew 
one ration per day for five days. The tenth 
column, "Amt due the Suttler," is blank. 



IHi also has an unsigned and undated list 
of staff officers and a mustering-in roll, 
the latter made out by Joshua T. Bradley 
and signed by E. C. Berry, "Adjt. Genl. 
& Inspector," at the foot of tlie Lower 
Rapids of the Illinois River, on June 17, 
1832. The mustering-in roll gives the date 
of commission as June 17 and the place 
of rendezvous as Fort Wilbourn. 

The undated list gives merely the names 
and rank of each officer. The name of the 
sergeant major is given as "Robert Ritchie" 
and that of the surgeon as "Tarleton Dunn." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOSEPH E. 

{Later John Bays's) 



WATKINS 



Muster roll of Captain John Bayses Company of Illinois Mounted Volunteers Called 
into the Service of the Ud. States by the Govt, of the State of Illinois by his order 
of 15th May 1832 from the date of its enrollment to the 12th day of August 1832— 
when mustered out of Service 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



From Amount 

what due 

County Setler 



Remarks 



1 

2 


John. Bays 
William. Robertson 


Capt. 
1st. Lieut. 


Gallatin 
Cty. 
Do 


$ 4.2.5 


3 


Daniel. Wood 


2nd. lieut. 


Do 




4 


John. Dawson 


1st. Serg. 


Do 




5 


Adran. H. Davenport 


2nd. Serg. 


Do 


$ 1.75 


6 

7 


John. T. Brown 
Sollomon McCloud 


3rd. Serg. 
4th. Serg. 


Do 
Do 


$ 2.00 
$ 4.00 


8 


Isaah. W Petigrew 


1st. corpl. 


Do 




9 


John. Woodsi 


2nd. corpl. 


Do 




10 


Thomas Smothers 


3rd. corpl. 


Do 


$11.50 


11 


Reuben. Green 


4th corpl. 


Do 




12 


Edmon. Raker 


Privates 


Do 





has two horses in service 

Absent on furlow Since 9th day 

of August 1832 
Absent on fiu-low since 7th day 

of August 1832 
Detached from Company, on 

duty with the main army 
Absent on furlow by order of 

Brig Genl. Atkinson 

Absent on furlow Since 9th 

August 1832 
Absent on furlow since 9th 

August 1832 
Detached from comp. on duty 

with the main army 
Absent on furlow from 9th 

August 1832 
Detached from Comp. on duty 

with the main army 
Absent on furlow from 9th 

August 1832 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



247 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



From 

what 

County 


Amount 

due 

Seller 


Do 


.$ 4.00 


Do 
Do 


$10.. 50 


Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 


$ 5.50 
$18.50 
$ 6.50 
$ 9.25 


Do 


$ 4.75 


Do 
Do 
Do 


$ 6.50 
$ 4.00 
$ 8.50 


Do 
Do 


$24.50 
$ 9.25 


Do 




Do 


$ 8.00 


Do 


$ 4.00 


Do 




Do 
Do 
Do 


$20.00 


Do 


$ 5.00 


Do 
Do 


$ 4.15 



Remarks 



13 Alexander Thorn 

14 James. Bridges 

15 Willis Hargraves, Junr. 

16 Lewis. Levil 

17 Thomas. L. Bridges 

18 Thomas. J. Mundine 

19 Thomas. Vaughn 

20 John. B. Briant 

21 Wm. Giles 

22 James. B. McCaslin 

23 Daniel Brown 

24 David. Bays. Jur 

25 Samul. Brown 

26 Green. Tadlock 

27 Ebenezer. Williams 



28 Jefferson. Niswonger 

29 John. Sands 

30 Benjamin. Henderson 

31 William. Hamons 

32 William. Johnson 

33 John. Elder . 

34 John. Hutson 

35 George. Wrinkle 

36 James Kenrick 



37 William. M. Cummons 

38 James. Fruit 

39 John. Robinnet 



40 Green. Reed 

41 Garret. Garner 

42 Carter. Hargraves 



Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 



Do 



$ 4.00 



$ 3.00 
$ 3.00 



Detached from Comp. on duty 
with Main army 

Detached from Comp. on duty 

with main Army 
Do absent on furlow 



Absent on furlow since 16th 

July 1832 
Detached from Comp and on 

duty with main army 

His hors lost Strayed or stolen 

Do on furlow since 8th August 
1832 

His hors lost Strayed or stolen 

Do furlowed from 8th August 
1832 

at fort Hamilton by order of 
Captain 

Do Absent on furlow since 9th 
August 1832 hors lost by be- 
ing broken down and left 

(Do) Absent on furlow since 
9th August 1832 

Do Absent on furlow Since 
August 9th 1832 



Absent on Sergeon certificate 

Since June 20 1832 
Absent on furlow Since 9th 

August 1832 
Do furlowed 9th August 1832 
Do furlowed. also hors lost by 

being broken down and left 
Absent on furlow Since 16th July 

1832 his hors lost by being 

broken down and left 

Do furlow 9th August 1832 
Do furlowed august 4th 1832 

also hors lost by being broke 

down and left 
Do furlowed August 4th 1832 
Detached on service with main 

army 
Detached from Comp. on duty 

with mai[n] army 



248 



PART TWO : Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



I Certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true State of the Company under 
my Command and that the remarks Set opposite the names of each officer and private 
are accurate and just 

John. Bays Capt. 1st. Regt. 1st Brigd. Ills. Vol. 

[ANS] 
Dixons Ferry August 12th 1832 

Mustered out of Service by me by order of Maj: Genl. W. Scott comg. N. W. Army 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy. comg: post 

[NS] Personally appeared before me the Subscriber a Justice of the peace in Gallatin 
County Lieut Wm. Roberson of Capt. Bayes Company and made oath that Lee 
Hargrave Served as a private in Capt Bayes Coy. from the 16th. June to the 12th. 
Aug 1832 also as Waggon Master and is entitled to travelling pay up to Wilburn and 
from Fort Dixon the place of his discharge home 

Equality May 3rd. 1833 T. D. Hewitt J.P. 



ADS, DNA. Omitted here are Columns 4, 
5, 6, 7, and 9. Columns 4, 5, and 6 show 
that the company was enrolled in U.S. serv- 
ice on June 16 for 90 days and was due 
pay from the time of enrollment. 

Column 7 lists the eleven company members 
present at the muster-out: Nos. 1, John 
Bays; 6, John T. Brown; 14, James Bridges; 
17, Thomas L. Bridges; 18, Thomas J. 
Mundine; 21, William Giles; 22, James B. 
McCaslin; 24, David Bays, Jr.; 30, Benja- 
min Henderson; 31, William Plamons ; and 
37, William M. Cumins (so spelled). 

Column 9 shows that each man at the 
muster-out drew six traveling rations. 

Ten documents relative to the service of com- 
pany members are filed with the receipt roll 
in DNA (IHi has photostats). The company's 
original captain, Joseph E. Watkins, supplied 
an affidavit in which he swore that he com- 
manded a company which arrived at the 
rendezvous June 10, 1832, and was "in- 
spected" into U.S. service on June 16. He 
explains that he became ill and was fur- 
loughed by Willis Hargrave (then colonel 
of the 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade) at the 
rendezvous. John Bays was chosen to replace 
him. Watkins lists the fifty men who were 
members of his company on June 10. In 
addition to the forty-two on the mustering- 
out roll, they were Watkins, as captain, and 
Willis Hargraves, Sr., Lee Hargraves, James 
Dunn, Edmond [Edward] Jones, Tarlton 
Dunn, Wm. J. Gatewood, William H. Jemi- 
son (or Jamison), and Robert Riche. Riche 
does not appear on any other roll in IHi. 
Jameson, not on the mustering-out roll, was 
the man whose name was given "Wm. H. 
Landon" on the IHi transcript of the prop- 
erty roll. His signature "Jameson" on the 
May 10, 1834, power of attorney (see below) 
could easily be misread as "Landon." Wat- 
kins omits only one man on the mustering- 
out roll, George Wrinkle. 



Watkins gives the noncommissioned officers as 
follows : sergeants — John Bays, Soloman 
McLoud. A. H. Davenport, and J. T. Brown : 
corporals — John Wood. John Dawson, Isaah 
S. Peaegue [Pettigrew], and Thos. Smothers. 

Robinson (so spelled) and Wood were then 
1st and 2d lieutenants, respectively. 

Watkins lists the privates as Jarrett Garner, 
Willis Hargraves, Sr., Lee Hargraves, Ebe- 
nezer Williams, Edmond Baker, Alexander 
Thorn, Daniel Brown, Thomas L. Bridges, 
James Bridges, Thomas Vaughan, David 
Bays, John Elder, James Dunn, Edmond 
[Edward] Jones, Tarlton Dunn, Willis Har- 
graves, Jr., Lewis Level, John B riant, 
Samuel Brown, Green Tedlock, John Robinet, 
Green Reed, William Cummings, Rubin 
Green, James Pruett, Jefferson Nizewonger, 
John [James] S. Kenrick, William Giles, 
John Sands, Carter Hargraves, William J. 
Gate Wood, William H. Jemison, Benjamin 
Henderson, William Hammons, John Hutson, 
William Johnson, James B. McCaslin, Robert 
Riche, and Thomas Mundine. 

The receipt roll shows that the captain re- 
ceived pay of $201.09 and most of the 
privates received $85.19. 

A transcript of the company property roll 
is in IHi: Eddy MSS. The roll is headed 
"Muster Roll of Capt Joseph E Watkin's 
Company of Mounted Volunteer Gun men 
Who are Called into Service by order of his 
Ecallency Gov Reynolds, Comander in Chief 
of the Militia of the State of Illinois, With 
an account of Horses Equipments &c & the 
value thereof, who were mustered into 
Service on the 26th day of May 1832 at 
Equality, & who Compose a part of the 
Requisition on the 4th Regt Illinois Militia." 

At the end of the property roll is the fol- 
lowing incomplete, unsigned certificate: 
"We Giles Y Taylor, John Lane and Wil- 
liam McCoy being called on by Col Harri- 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



249 



son Wilson commandant of the 4th Rege- 
ment Illinois Militia to value the Horses 
& Equipments of the mounted Gun men 
who are called into Service by order of 
Govr Reynolds as stated in the Caption 
of this Roll." 

The property roll includes eight men not 
on the mustering-out roll above. They are 
the company's original captain, Joseph E. 
Watkins, and Wm. H. Landon [Jameson], 
Lee Hargrave, James Dunn, Tarlton Dunn, 
William J. Gatewood, Willis Hargrave, and 
Edward Jones. Watkins apparently left the 
company before it was mustered into U.S. 
service; Hargrave became wagon master 
for the 1st Brigade; Jameson became sur- 
geon's mate, according to the company re- 
ceipt roll (photostat in IHi) ; and the other 
five men became members of the 1st Regi- 
ment staff. 

Two men on the mustering-out roll were 
not listed on the May 26 property roll: 



Garret Garner and Carter Hargraves. 

The following spellings as given on the 
property roll vary from those above; Nos. 
1, John Baze; 2, William Robinson; 4, 
John Dorson; 7, Soloman McCloud ; 8, 
Isaiah Petigrune ; 9, John Wood; 11, Ruben 
Green; 12, PMmond Baker; 15, Willis Har- 
grave, Jr.; 16, Lewis Levell ; 18, Thomas 
J. Mondine; 21, William Gyles; 22, James 
B. McCastlin; 24, David Baze; 2.S, Samuel 
Brown; 31, William Hammons ; 32, William 
Johnston; 34, John Hudson; 36, James 
Kinrick; 37, William M. Cummins; 39, John 
Robinett. 

Except for the three officers shown on the 
May 26 roll — Watkins, Robinson (or 
Robertson), and Wood — all company mem- 
bers are given as privates. 

1 Probably the John Wood who became an 
orderly for Brig. Gen. Alexander Posey; 
see the staff roll of the 1st Brigade. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES HAMPTON 

{Later Achilles Coffey's) 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Archilaus Coffey's Company, First Regiment, First Bri- 
gade, Illinois mounted volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Henry Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 
1832. 



No. NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



ENROLMENT. 
DATE OF 



REMARKS. 



1 Archilaus Coffey 

1 Daniel Botright 

2 Willis Stricklin 

1 Wiley Roberts 

2 John Rhyon 

3 David A Grable 

1 Abner Henry 

2 Barger Isaac 

3 Bond George 

4 Bond Stephen 



Captn. 

1st. Lieut 
2nd. Lieut 
1 Corpl. 
Corpl 

Private 



June 16th. Furloughed at the battle ground on 
the Missi. 3rd. Aug — Horse, saddle, 
bridle & blanket lost on a forced 
march 

" Furloughed on Surgeon's Certificate 

July 15th. 1832 

" Furloughed by Genl. Atkinson from 

Prairie du Cheen 

" Furloughed to return home 9th. 

August 1832 

" Furloughed 15th. July to attend the 

sick. 
" Furloughed on Surgeon's Certificate 

15th. July 1832 
" Furloughed to return home 9th. Aug. 

1832 



250 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 


NAMES. 






ENROLMENT 






(Privates in Alpha- 






DATE OF 


REMARKS. 




betical order.) 










5 


Coy John 




" 


" 


" " " « « 


6 


Hall Johnathan 




« 


« 


" " " " « 


7 


Hawkins James 




" 


" 


Furloughed on Surgeon's Cere. 15th. 
July. Lost Horse, saddle & bridle 


8 


Hedge James 






a 


Furloughed to return home Aug. 9th. 
1832 


9 


Isom Richard 




" 


" 


" on Surgeon's Cere. 
July 3rd. 


10 


Lewis Abraham 








[Furloughed] to return home Aug. 9. 
1832 


11 


Oldham Thomas 




u 


a 


Furloughed Aug. 3rd. Lost Horse, 
saddle & bridle 


12 


Pogue James 




" 


u 


Furloughed 


13 


Richey John P. 




" 


" 


Furloughed to return home Aug. 9th. 
1832 


14 


Rhyon William 




" 


" 


U 11 u « « « 


15 


Smith John 




« 


« 




16 


Smith John H 




" 


« 


« « « « « « 


17 


Whiteside Thomas 




« 


(( 


" on Siu-gns. Cere. 15th. 
July, 1832 


18 


Ware Robert 
Discharged 








" 


1 


Aden Varner 


1st. 


Sergt. 


16th. June 
1832 


Disd. by Lt. R Anderson A. I. Genl. 
16th. Aug 1832 by reason of exprn. 
of servic 


1 


Cox John 


Private 


" 


Disd. on Surgeons Cere. 18th. 












June by Genl. Atkinson 


2 


Fletcher Wesley 




" 


" 


" " « « « 


3 


Garret WiUiam 




« 


" 


" by Lt R Anderson A I. Genl. Aug. 
16, 1832 by reason of expn. of ser 


4 


Strickland Henry 
Mustered out 








[Discharged by Lt. R. Anderson, A. I. 
Genl. Aug. 16, 1832 by reason of 
expiration of service] 


1 


Saml Karns 


2nd 


. Sergt 


16th. Jime 
1832 


Mustered out under Cap. D B Russell 
at Dixons Ferry 12 Aug. 1832 


2 


John Garner 


3 


a 


« 




3 


Wm. Chossier 


4th. 


« 


" 




1 


Alshear Anderson 


Prive 


" 




2 


Carder James K 


" 








3 


Hawse Peter 


« 




a 




4 


Karns James 


a 




u 


^ 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



251 



Mustered out 
Karns John 
Karns George 
Martin Jason 
Medling Nedum 
Morris Richmond 
Prier Anderson 
Strickland Wm. 
Spruel Pleasant 
Tongue Thomas 
Upchurch John 
Upchurch Johnathan 
Upchurch Thomas 



Supd. to be musd. out^ 
1 Gazaway Hamilton 4th. Corpl. 



rSupposed to have been musd. out 
With Colo Ewing's Regt by Cap 
L Palmer 



2 Carney David 



Private 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

Transportation furnished by the U. States from Galena to St. Louis for all of the 
Company who were furloughed after the battle of the 2nd. August 1832 

This Company was organized on the 12 May 1832 

Marched for the frontier 26th May 

Mustered into the service of the United States 18th day of June 1832 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Archilaus 
Coffey's Com-pany First RegH First Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service oj the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. I also certify that it was impossible 
for me to reach the place of mustering out in consequence of having lost my horse. 

Archilaus Coffey Capt Commanding the Company. 

[ANS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 25th. day of Sepr. 1832, signed this Roll — the Capt. having called 
on me to certify, as above (to certify to the state of his Company- — and) to account 
for the absence of his Company from the place designated for being musd. out of the 
service of the U States — the Company to be considered as having been musd. out on 
the same day the Regt was musd. out. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst Inr Genl 



DS, IHi; the roll is in the handwriting of 
Lt. Robert Anderson. 

The Recapitulation and Columns 5, 6, 7, 
8, and 10 are omitted here. The fifth col- 
umn gives the period of enrollment as 90 
days; the sixth states that no payment had 
been made to company members; the sev- 
enth gives the county as "Galliton." The 



ninth column, headed "Names Present," 
supplies the information that the previously 
unmustered company members had drawn 
four days' traveling rations and those mus- 
tered out under Capt. D. B. Russell had 
drawn rations for eight days. The tenth 
column, "Inspection Remarks," is blank. 

The information that James Hampton was 



252 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



the original commander of the company is 
supplied by affidavits of Dec. 6, 1837, in 
IHi: Eddy MSS. The affidavits, supporting a 
claim for a horse lost by James B. McCaslin 
of Capt. John Bays's company, mention that 
McCaslin purchased a horse from John Cox 
of Captain Hampton's (later Captain Cof- 
fey's) company. 

On Sept. 24, 1832, Captain Coffey visited 
Gen. Henry Atkinson at Jefferson Barracks 
in regard to his company's muster rolls and 
was referred to Lieutenant Anderson in 
St. Louis; see Atkinson to Anderson, Sept. 
24, 1832. The following day Coffey con- 
sulted with Anderson, who then made out 
the original of the roll printed above. 

IHi also has a muster roll made out by 
Captain Coffey and signed by him and 
Maj. James Hampton on Sept. 17, 1832. 
Coffey's signature on this roll is "Archilas 
Coflfee" ; in other places on the roll he wrote 
his name "Archilaus" and "Archilus" ; in 
later years he adopted the spelling "Achil- 
les Coffey." 

The certificate on the Sept. 17 roll reads: 
"We the under signed [Coffey and Hamp- 
ton] doe certify that the above is a true 
copy of the Muster Role of capt. Archilaus 
Coffee companey that have not yet bin 
Mustered out of service by an accident that 
occured in consequence of the Capt. Loose- 
ing his horse which Rendered it Impossible 
to Reach the place designated by the order 
of Lieut. Anderson for the Mustering of sd. 
companey [The signatures follow here, and 
the statement then continues with no punc- 
tuation or capitalization.] being unable to 



comply with the first order we Recevd a 
second order to take water at Galenea on 
the chartered bote — whare all those that lost 
the horses and the sick was ordered." 

Coffey's roll includes the first twenty-four 
men on the above roll and the five who had 
been separately discharged — Varner, Cox, 
Fletcher, Garret, and Stricklin ("Strickland" 
above). After the names of Varner, Garret, 
and Stricklin, Coffey entered the remark, 
"detached from company and on duty with 
the main armv," which Anderson changed 
to "disd. by A.I.G." 

The only remark on Coffey's roll which 
differs substantially from those above follows 
the name of James Pogue (spelled "Poge" 
by Coffey) : "absent on f^irlow lost horse 
saddle & bridle in service in force march 
and left in the wilderness neare the battle 
2d. August. Value $65." Anderson added 
the comment, "furloughed A\ig. 3." Coffey 
also gave the value of two other horses and 
equipment lost by company members. His 
ouTi loss was set at $95.50 and that of James 
Hawkins at $48. In addition to his own 
name and that of James Pogue, Coffey 
spelled two other names differently : Jona- 
than Hall and Henry Stricklin. 

1 These two men were mustered out of serv- 
ice at Dixon on Aug. 2 in Lt. Green 
Depriest's detacliment, which was composed 
principally of men from the 1st Brigade 
Spy Battalion and 3d Regiment. On the de- 
tachment roll (see the last chapter of the 
3d Army section), the names of these men 
are given as Hamilton Gasway and David 
Kearny. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES CALDWELL 

{Later Joel Holliday^s) 

JVIUSTER ROLL of Captain Joel Hollidays Company, 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade 111. 
Mt. Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the requisition of Gen. 
Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15th IVIay 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



ENROLMENT. Due 
DATE OF Sutler 



REMARKS. 



1 Joel Holliday 

1 Turner Cook 

2 John J Dean 



Captain 
1st. Lieut 
2d Do 



1 Benjamin Kinsall 1 Sergt 

2 Robert R Dewel 2d Do 

3 Linzey Right 3d Do 

4 Thomas V. Swearengin 4th Do 



16th June 
1832 



4.50 



7.25 



17.25 
5.75 
6.50 



Absent on Furlough Aug- 
ust 5 1832 

lost 1 pistol 1 Wallett & 
one par. Saddle bags 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Aryny 



253 



No. NAMES. 


RANK. 


(Privates in Alpha- 




betical order. ) 




1 David Kinsall 


1 Corpl 


2 John Newman 


2d Do 


3 E B. Puckett 


3d Do 


4 BeniHubbs 


4th Do 


1 Brown Adonijah 


Private 


2 Bozarth David 


" 


3 Hays Solomon 


« 


4 Haskins Jas. R 


" 


5 Jones Jonathan 


« 


6 Luther Ezra G. 


" 


7 Nelson Stephen 


« 


8 Quigly Aaron 


" 


9 Stiff Richard 


" 


10 Trousdale James 


« 


11 Thompson Matthew 


« 


12 Vinson Charles 


« 


13 Powel Thomas 


« 



ENROLMENT. Due 
DATE OF Sutler 



REMARKS. 



14 Cusack James 

15 Herod John W. 

16 Adams J 

[17] Bish George' 

[18] Barker William 
[19] Barker Jesse 

1 Brown James 

2 Burris Thomas 



Cressap James 
Clayton William 
Dawson John 
Fouch Levi 
Fouch John 
Heraldson William 
Hutchcraft Elijah 
Johnson Jas. B 
Morrow Thomas 
Morrow Forquer 
Patilloe Alexander 



,25 



4.00 



7.50 



10.00 



2.75 



12.00 

5.00 

30.00 



4.50 
7.50 

20.123 

6.50 
9.75 

5.00 

6.75 
20.25 



detached under Captain 
Bays & supposed to have 
been mustered out 

Absent on furlough July 
1st 1832 

detached under Capt Bays 
suposed to be mustered 
out under him 



lost 1 pr. Saddle bags & 
Wallet 



lost 1 horse near the Battle 
ground of Mi July 24 
1832 

Absent I know not whether 
with or without leave 

Absent [on furlough] 

[Absent I know not wheth- 
er with or without leave] 

[Absent on detached 
Service] 

[ Same Same ] 
Same Same 

[Detached under Captain 

Bays]- 

Same Same 

& suppd to have been 

musd. out under him. 

Same Same 

detached under Capt Bays 
Same Same 

Same Same 

Same Same 

Same Same 

Same Same 

detached under Capt Bays 
Same Same 

Same Same 

Same Same 



254 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



ENROLMENT 


Due 


REMARKS. 


DATE OF 


Sutler 






« 


14.25 


Same 


Same 


" 




Same 


Same 


« 


8.00 


Same 


Same 


" 


4.00 


Same 


Same 


" 


11.25 


Same 


Same 


" 


8.25 


Same 


Same 


" 


3.25 


Same 


Same 


« 




Same 


Same 


« 


17.68 


Same 


Same 


" 


33.50 


Absent Sick 




« 




refused to march with the 






company 


to Koskanon 


" 


7.75 


Same 


Same 


" 


6.00 


Same 


Same 


" 


11.50 


Same 


Same 


« 


4.00 


Same 


Same 


« 


8.00 


Same 


Same 


" 


9.00 


Same 


Same 


u 




Resigned about the 19th. 






June 





Ralls Nathaniel 
Sherwood Hugh B. 
Shoemaker William 
Smith Peter 
Sherwood Thomas 
Sampson William 
Westbrooks Samuel 
William James 
Williams Henry B 
Wood Mason 



1 Dake Arnold B 



Edwards Philip 
Hughston Jonathan 
Keeny Jonathan 
Lafferty William 
Reynolds Jos L 
Tally Amos 

"Resigned" 
James Caldwell 



Capn. 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This Company was enrolled by Capt Caldwell, who commanded it until it entered 
the Service of the U. S. when he quit his Command and in some 3 or 4 days after 
the present Capt. was elected 

This company individually furnished themselves with Six days rations each at their 
own expense when they left home to enter the Service of the U. S. They have each 
received but one half bushel of corn as forage during the whole Campaign 

The officers have drawn but one ration per day in kind 

This Company was Mustered & an election of officers held May 12th. 1832, Marched 
for Fort Wilbourn June 1st 1832, & Was Mustered into Service June 16th 1832 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Joel 
HoUiday's Company of the first Reg't 1st Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of 
the United States, for the period herein mentioned: that the "Remarks" set opposite the 
names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation ex- 
hibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Joel HoUiday Capt Commanding the Company. 

Reed, at Fort Wilbourn for those who are herein reported "Present" 8 days rations 
for each man and a single ration per day to each officer for the Same term of time for 
Traveling rations 



[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



255 



I have this 16th. day of August 1832, mustered cut of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 1st. Reg't 1st Brigade by order of Brig. Genl. 
Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADfS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
5, 6, 7, 9, and 11 are omitted here. The 
fifth column gives the period of enrollment 
as 90 days ; the sixth states that pay is due 
from enrollment ; the seventh gives the county 
as Gallatin; and the ninth gives the names 
of the twenty company members present at 
the muster-out. The only name spelled differ- 
ently is that of Pvt. 13, Thomas Powell. 
The eleventh column, "Inspection Remarks," 
is blank. 

The Recapitulation shows that 20 men were 
present Aug. 16. Of the absentees, 25 were 
supposed to have been mustered out with 
another company, 3 were on detached serv- 
ice, 3 were on furlough, 7 were marked ab- 
sent "by refusing to march," one had re- 
signed, and 2 were marked absent, "cause 
not stated." 

IHi also has a photostat of the oflficial mus- 
tering-out roll from DNA, which was also 
made out and signed by Holliday. Written 
alongside the names of the seven deserters 
is the note, "As to these see Vo. 7 of Sett. 
No. 18131." Attached to the DNA roll is 
the following statement, made out by W. P. 
Tillton and signed by Ewing, Dement, and 
Bowman: 

Audited accounts of men ivho were de- 
serters from, Captn HoUidays Company who 
were endehted to the Sutler 

Philip Edwards $ 7.75 

Jonathan Hughson 6.00 

Cornelius [?] Lafferty.... 4.00 

Jos. L. Reynolds 8.00 

Amos Tolley • 9.00 

Jonathan Eeeny 11.50 



$46.25 



We Certify upon honor that we have ex- 
amined the above a/cs. of Six men belong- 
ing to Captn. Holliday's Company and find 
them jttstly endebted to the Sutler W. P. 
Tillton in the Several amounts placed op- 
posite their names in all forty six dollars 
25/100. 

John Ewing Colo. 
2nd. Re 1st. Brigad 
John Dement Major of Spy Battalon 
1st Brigade Ills M[out vol ?]V s Service 
James Bowman Capt 



My appointment as Sutler by Genl Atkinson 
zcas confirmed by the Secretary at War. 

W. P. Tillton 

Three names are spelled differently on the 
DNA roll. The 2d sergeant's name is given 
as Deuel in the first column and as Deull in 
the "Names Present" column. The name of 
Pvt. 16 is given as John Adams. In the 
group of men mustered out under Captain 
Bays, the name of Pvt. 13 is given as Alex- 
ander Patillo. 

1 Holliday misnumbered the last three names 
in this group. The remarks following these 
names and those of Herod and Adams have 
been supplied from the DNA roll since those 
on the draft are incomplete and out of 
order. 

2 According to this roll, twenty-five men from 
Holliday's company were detached under 
Capt. John Bays — the twenty-three whose 
names follow and two corporals, John New- 
man and Beni Hubbs. 

Cf. the mustering-out roll of Bays's detach- 
ment; only eighteen men from Holliday's 
company were discharged under Bays ac- 
cording to that roll. Jesse and William 
Barker, marked as "on detached service" 
here, were mustered out in Bays's detach- 
ment; Mason Wood, No. 23 below, was 
mustered out in Lt. James G. Corder's de- 
tachment. Joshua Braddley, listed on that 
detacliment roll as a member of Holliday's 
company, is not named on either of the ex- 
tant company rolls. The only Joshua Brad- 
ley for whom any service record has been 
found was Joshua T. Bradley of Bankson's 
company, 3d Regiment, 3d Brigade, and he 
was marked present in that company when 
it was discharged Aug. 17. There remain 
eight men from Holliday's company whose 
actual discharge is unaccounted for. They 
are James Cressap, John Dawson, James B. 
Johnson, Thomas IMorrow, Forquer Morrow, 
Alexander Patilloe, William Shoemaker, and 
Peter Smith. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN DAVID B. RUSSELL 



A muster Roll of Captain David. B. Russell's company of mounted volunteers of the 
State of Illinois, called into the service of the United States, by the Governor of the 



256 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



State of Illinois, by his order of the 15th. May 1832, from the date of its enrolment 
to the 12th. day of August 1832, the time of mustering out of service. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Date of 



Remarks 



1 David B. Russell 



William Pankey 
George P. Keath 
Claiborne Henderson 
Thomas Pickering 
Stephen F. Mitchell 



Capt. 



1st. Lieut. 
1 Sergt. 
2nd. " 
3rd. " 

4th. " 



16th. June 1832 



7 Jourdan Cook 


1st. Corporal 


8 Edward Hampton 


2nd. " 


9 Robert Mitchel 


3rd. " 


10 Thos. Dodds 


4th. " 


11 Jesse Hall 


Bugleman 


12 Josiah Blackman 


Private 


13 James Hope 


" 


14 John Smothers 


" 


15 Timothy Ingram 


« 


16 William H. Gaskins 


" 


17 Duncan Cotner 


" 


18 Aulsey Harris 


« 


19 Levi Shoat 


a 


20 Gillam Harris 


" 


21 Zachariah Fleming 


« 


22 William G Hutchison 


" 


23 John Waggoner 


" 


24 John Russell 


" 


25 Thomas Duncan 


" 


26 Thomas Gulley 


" 


27 James Holland 


" 


28 CuUen Cook 


" 


29 Lewis Stiff 


» 


30 John Covington 


" 


31 Mark Robinson 


" 


32 Thomas Stanley 


" 


33 John GrifRn 


" 



Two horses in the service — lost 
one axe and spade in [t]he 
water S4.50 

Absent on furlough 



Detached from Compy. & on 
duty with main army. Lost 
unavoidably 1 hat & two 
blankets, in carrjdng express — 
value $8.00 

Absent on furlough 

Detached from Compy. & on 
duty with main army — (re- 
ported himself 12. Aug) 

Detached from Compy. & on 
duty with main armj^ — (re- 
ported himself 12. Aug. 

Absent on furlough. 

Absent on fiu-lough. 

Detached from Compj'. & on 
duty with main army — (re- 
ported himself 12 Aug 

Absent on furlough. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Furlough granted on Surgeon's 
Cert. 



Absent on furlough. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Detached from Compy. & on 
duty with main army, (re- 
ported himself 12 Aug 

Absent on furlough. 



Absent on furlough granted on 
Cert: of Surgeon 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



257 



No. Names 


Rank 


Enrolment 


Remarks 






Date 


of 




34 James. S. Griffin 


" 


u . 


" 


Absent on furlough. 


35 Henry Pierson 


" 


" « 


" 




36 Jacob Holms 


" 


" 


" 


Absent on furlough. 


37 Harvey Rood 


" 


" " 


" 


Do. 


38 AshbyRood 


" 


a It 


" 


Do. 


39 William Hide 


" 


" « 


" 


Do. 


40 John J. Johnston 








Do. Lost horse bridle & 
Saddle in Service broke down 
in forc[e] march and left in 
Wilderness. Value $68.50 


41 John Howell 


" 


" " 


" 


[Absent on furlough] ' — 


42 Riley Howell 


u 


" " 


" 


Absent on [furlough] 


43 John Hall 


" 


" " 


" 


[Absent on furlough] 


44 Matthew Abney 


" 


« « 


" 


[Absent on furlough] 


45 Squire Dunn 


" 


" " 


" 




Muster Roll of 


a detached part of Captain Achilles Coffee's Company 


attached for the present to Capt. Russells Company. 


No 










1 Samuel Karnes 


2nd. Sergt. 


16th. June 1832 




2 John Garner 


3d. " 


" " 


" 




3 William Chosier 


4th. " 


« u 


" 




4 Thomas Tong 


Private 


" " 


" 




5 George Karnes 


" 


" " 


" 




6 John Karnes 


« 


" " 


" 




7 James Karnes 


« 


" " 


" 




8 John Upchurch 


« 


« 


" 




9 Thomas Upchurch 


" 


" " 


" 




10 Jonathan Upchiu-ch 


" 


" " 


" 




[11 William Stricklin 


" 


« « 


" 


] 


[12 Jason Martin 


" 


" " 


" 


] 


[13 Anderson Abshear 


" 


" " 


" 


] 


14 Richmond Morris 


" 


" " 


" 




15 Peter Hanse 


" 


" " 


" 




16 Anderson Pryor 


" 


" " 


" 




17 Needum Medlin 


" 


" " 


" 




18 Pleasant Spruil 


« 


" " 


" 




19 James Carder 


« 


" " 


" 





I certify on honor this Muster-roll exhibits the true state of the Detachment under 
my command, and that the remarks set opposite the name of each Officer and private, 
so far as made from my knowledge are accurate and true; and so far as made from in- 
formation, I believe to be accurate and true. 

David B. Russell, Capt. 1st. Reg: 1st. Brig: 111: Vol [s.] 



[NS] Mustered out of Service by me, by order of Maj. Genl. Scott Comd. the N. W. 
Army. 

Z. C. Palmer Capt. 6 U. S. Infy comg post 



258 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



ADS, DNA. Columns 5 through 10 are 
omitted here. The fifth column gives the 
period of enrollment as 90 days; the sixth 
shows that each man was entitled to pay 
"due from enrolment" ; the seventh lists 
company members present at the muster-out — 
absentees are indicated by the remarks. The 
eighth column gives the county as Gallatin, 
and the ninth shows that each man present 
at the muster-out drew eight traveling ra- 
tions. The tenth column, headed "Amt. due 
Sutler," lists the indebtedness of some 
thirteen or fourteen men from Russell's com- 
pany and several of those from Coffey's 
company. In general, the amounts varied 
from $2,00 to $10. Lewis Stiff, however, 
owed $35.50; William Pankey, $17; and 
Pleasant Spruel (or Spruil), $22,371/2. The 
figures have not been copied since several 
of them are covered by mending tape. Tlie 
list would at best be incomplete. 

Six of the original members of Russell's 
company were mustered out of U.S. service 
on Aug. 2 in Lt. James G. Corder's detach- 
ment. They were 2d Lt. Edward Vinson and 
Pvts. Joseph Burchum, Isham Dunn, Allen 
Hill, David Hampton, and William Wise. 

A transcript of the property roll of this 
company is in IHi: Eddy MSS. It is headed, 
"Muster Roll of Capt Bailey Russell's Com- 



pany of Mounted Volunteer Gunmen . . . 
with an account of Horses Equipments &c 
and the value thereof who were mustered 
into service on the 26th day of May 1832 
at Equality & who compose a part of the 
requisition on the 4th Regt Illinois Militia." 
William J. Gatewood, quartermaster of that 
regiment, signed the roll, certifying that the 
property appraisal had been made on May 
27 and" 28. 

This property roll includes the six men mus- 
tered out Aug. 2, with the following varia- 
tions in name spelling: Edmund Vinson, 
Joseph Burcham, Isam Dunn, and Wm. H. 
Wise. Squire Dunn, No. 45 above, is not 
on the property roll. Josiah Blackman, No. 
12 above, is listed as orderly sergeant on the 
property roll, but no other noncommissioned 
ofiicers are given. Other names spelled differ- 
ently: 3, George P. Keith; 4, Claiborn 
Henderson; 7, Jordon Cook; 11, Jessie Hall; 
16, Wm. Howard Gaskins; 18, Ausley Har- 
ris; 19, Levi Choat; 22, Wm. G. Huchinson ; 
26, Thomas Gully; 36, Jacob Hall (instead 
of Jacob Holms, as given above) ; 37, Harvy 
Rude; 38, Ashby Rude; 39, William Hyde; 
and 40, John J. Johnson. 

1 Names and remarks in brackets have been 
supplied from Elliott, 4-5. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN HARRISON WILSON 

Muster rowl of Capt. Harrison Willson Company of lUinoiis mounted volunteers Com- 
manded by Lieutenant John Willis Called into the service of the united states by the 
Govner of the state of Illinois by his order of the loth may 1832 from the date of its 
Enrolment to the 12th. day of August 1S32 when mustred out of servic 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrobneyit 
date of 



Remarks 



1 Harrison Willson 

2 John Logston 

3 John Willis 



Charles Hood 
Robert Sidle 
Solaman Brown 
Mastin Alexander 
Horatio Coffee 
Isaa Crabtree 
William Keaton 
Richard Talton 
John T Clack 



Capt 

1st Lieut 
2 do 

1 Siu-jent 

2 do 

3 do 

4 do 

1 Corporal. 

2 do 

3 do 

4 do 
Privt. 



16 June 1832 Detached from Company in the lat- 
ter part of July see his dep and 
on duty with main army 

" Absent on Surgeon Certificate June 

20th. 1832. 

* A Sword lost with the bagage wagon 

or Stolen 

" Absent on fm'low 5th Aug 1832 

Absent on furlow 9th Augs 1832 

" lost 1 Blanket $1 00 

lost a Saddle Valued to $14 
Absent on furlow 9th Aug 1832 
lost 1 Bridle 1 quilt $4 00 

" lost 1 Mare Saddle and blankets 

Saddle bags 



First Regiment, First Brigade, Third A 



rmy 



259 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
date of 



Remarks 



William EllLs 
William Cox 
Jacob Willis 
James M Davis 
Francis Davis 
Joseph Logston 
Bartin Scrogins 
Andrew Wadle 
Robert Kirkindol 
Richard A S Barger 
Fawntainee w Jones 
Rheubin Alexander 
Richard Hogin 
Page Jacobs 
Hirun Burnet 
James Baker 
Washington Taylor 
Henry Holey 



31 Even Huston 



32 WiUiam Coop 



William Giberson 
Orvel Pool 
James C peeples 
John. Caldwell 



Absent on furlow 



Absent on furlow 9th Aug 1832 



lost 2 Blankets 



lost 1 Blanket 

Absent on fiu-low 9th Aug 1832 

Absent on furlow 9th Aug 1832 

do do 9th Aug 1832 

do do 9th Aug 1832 

lost a hores on a favirce march 

do [absent] and with the ]\Iain 
Army duty 
detailed from the Company and on 
duty with army 
do [absent] on furlow 
do do 

detailed from the company and on 
duty with the Armey 



[Here follow two certificates, those of the company commanding officer and the mus- 
tering officer. Both certificates are largely covered by mending tape. The company 
was commanded at the time of the muster-out by 2d Lt. John Willis. Only the first 
name and the "W" of his signature are legible. Capt. Z. C. Palmer of the 6th U. S. 
Infantry mustered the company out of service under the orders of Maj. Gen. Winfield 
Scott. Palmer's signature and the last few words of his certificate giving this informa- 
tion are legible.] 

[NS] I Certify upon honor that Wm. M. Wallace, Jno. McClernand and Marshall 
Rawlands Volunteerd as privates in Capt. Wilsons Company 111 Militia & belonged to 
said Company when it was organized at Ft. Wilbiun, they afterward were appointed 
in the Staff and Commissioned by the Govr. — Viz[:] Wallace as Brigade Pay Master 
McClernand and Rawlins as asst. Brigade Qr jMasters, they served during the Cam- 
paign & were Mustrd out at F Dixon 14th of Augt 1832, they are at least entitled to 
privates pay. 

Equality [May 4]th.i 1833. A. Posey late Brig Ge[n.] 

[On a separate sheet attached to the roll is the following NS:] 



260 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



State of Illinois ^ 

y Set. 
Gallatin County J 

This 6th day of May 1833, Captain Harrison Wilson personally appeared before the 
undersigned an acting justice of the peace in and for said County, and made oath that 
Mr. Alexander. H. Hall, was enrolled in his (Wilson's) Company as a volunteer, in 
Gallatin County — That at Fort Wilburn he was mustered into the service of the United 
States, in the war against the Sac Indians, on 16th. June 1832 — in Said Company — 
That he said Hall was on the day after transfered to Genl. Posey's staff, as Volunteer 
aid; and in a few days thereafter furloughed to return home, as he is informed. 

H Wilson Capt 
Subscribed & sworn to before me this 6th. day of May 1833. 



James Caldwell J P 



DS, DNA. The body of the roll is in two 
different hands, neither one that of the 
captain, Harrison Wilson, nor the 2d lieu- 
tenant, John Willis. Endorsed: "Vou 36 
Phillips 52 Box 619 17,965." 

Columns 5 through 10 are omitted here. 
Column 5 gives the period of enrollment as 
90 days ; Column 6 states that pay was due 
each man from the time of enrollment; Col- 
umn 7 lists the company members present 
at the muster-out — absentees are indicated 
by the remarks ; Column 8 gives the county 
as Gallatin; Column 9 shows that six travel- 
ing rations were drawn by each man at the 
muster-out. Column 10, headed "Amt due 
sutler," gives the indebtedness of the fol- 
lowing eighteen men: Nos. 1, Harrison Wil- 
son, $4.00; 3, John Willis, $2.00; 4, Charles 
Hood, $11.50; 7, Mastin Alexander, $3.50; 
9, Isaac Crabtree, $4.38; 10, William Kea- 
ton, $4.50; 12, John T. Clack, $4.00; 15. 
Jacob Willis, $13.25; 19, Barton Scroggins, 



$9.75; 20, Andrew Waddle, $5.75; 24, 
Rheubin Alexander, $3.50; 25, Richard 
Hogan, $2.00; 26, Page Jacobs, $5.50; 28, 
James Baker, $3.50; 29, Washington Taylor, 
$5.00; 30, Henry Holey, $9.00; 34, Orval 
(Orvel on roll) Pool, $6.00; and 35, James 
C. Peeples, $2.00. 

The following names are spelled differently 
in the seventh, or "Names Present," column: 
Nos. 4, Carles Hood ; 10, William Keyton ; 
11, Richard Tarlton; 19, Barton Scroggins; 
20, Andrew Waddle; 21, Robert Kikendol ; 
23, Fountain W. Jones; 24, Rheuben Alex- 
ander; 25, Richard Hogan; and 29, Wash- 
ing. Tailor. Two other names entered in this 
column apparently by mistake and later 
marked out are also spelled differently. They 
are Nos. 5, Robert Siddle, and 18, Joseph 
Logsdon. 

1 The month, Dlegible here, has been sup- 
plied from Elliott, 6. 



Second Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Regimental Roll of Field and Staff Officers of Second Regiment, First Brig[ad]e Illinois 
Mounted Volunteers, called into the se[r]vice of the United States by the Governor 
of said state of Illinois by his order of 15th of May 1832, from its Enro[ll]ment to the 
12th of August 1832, the time of mustering out of Service. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



County 



Remarks 



1 


John Ewing 


Col 2. Reg 


Franklin 


2 

[3 
4 
5 
6 


Andrew J Storm 
Johns ?]ton Wren 
John T. Davis 
Moses Jourdon 
Byrd T. Rybm-n 


Lt Col 2d R 
Maj 2 R 
Adjt 

Sergt Major 
Q. Master 


Pope 
Franklin 

do 

Do 

Do 



7 James F. Johnston Q Master 



8 Moses Neal 

9 Josiah Denning 



Qr. M. Sergt. 
Pay Master 



Pope 



Franklin 
Franklin 



Horse lost in the Service of $75 Value. 4 

Horses & 2 Servants in Service 
3 Horses in Service and two Servants 
Discharged heretofore in due form 
Left at Funks fort Sick 10th Aug. 1832 
Absent on furlough 
Resigned 1st July 1832 and returned to his 

Compy. Cap Holeman [Armstead Hoal- 

man] 
Appointed 1st July 1832 in place of B. T. 

Ryburn who resigned Horse lost in 

Service 
Absent on furlough 2d July 1832 
Sent home on Duty having the care of 

Wounded men 



N.B. One half bushel of Corn to Each Officer is all that was drawn as forage diu-[ing 
the cam]paign. And one ration pr man in kind drawn pr day 

Regimental Roll of Detached part of Staff of First Reg 1st Brig III Vol. 



No 

1 Tarlton Dunn 

2 James Dunn 



Surgn Is. Reg 
Q. M. Serg 



Gallatin 
Do 



Two horses and One Servant in Service 



N.B. One half bushel Corn to Each Officer is all that was drawn as forage during the 
Campaign — And one ration pr man in kind drawn pr day 



I Certify on honor that this Regimental Roll of Field and Staff Officers under my 
command and of those attached for the present from the first Regiment Exhibits the 
true state of said command and that the remarks set oppisite the name of Each Officer 
and the remarks made upon the face of the roU as of my own information are accurate 
and just. And those made from the information of others I believe to be true 

John Ewing Col 2d Regt. Is Brig. 111. Vol 

261 



262 



PART TWO : Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



[NS] 
Dixons Ferry Aug. 12, 1832 

Mustered out of Service by me by order of Major Genl. Scott Commanding the 
N. W. Army 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy comg post 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: (1) "Phillips 17965." 
(2) "Phillips 13 March '34." (3) "#8." 

Columns 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10 are omitted 
from this transcript. Columns 4, 5, and 6 
show that the staff members were all en- 
rolled June 16 for 90 days and were en- 
titled to pay from the time of enrollment. 
Cohimn 7 lists the staff members present 
Aug. 12. They were Ewing, Storm, and 
Johnston of the 2d Regiment and both 
Dunns of the 1st Regiment staff. Column 9 
shows that Ewing, Storm, and Johnston 
drew seven traveling rations each and Tarl- 
ton and James Dunn, six each. The tenth 
column, headed "Amt due Sutler," is blank. 

IHi has an incomplete mustering-in roll of 
the 2d Regiment staff made out by Joshua 
T. Bradley and signed by E. C. Berry, 
adjutant and inspector general, at the foot 
of the Lower Rapids of the Illinois River 



on June 17. This roll gives the date of com- 
mission as June 17, the place of rendezvous 
as Fort Wilbourn, and the period of en- 
rollment as 90 days. 

The June 17 roll includes three staff mem- 
bers not given above: Surgeon Robert T. 
Towns, Surgeon's Mate L. R. Harrison, and 
Q. M. James Norris. Omitted are Storm, 
Wren, and Korris's successors, Ryburn and 
Johnston. The IHi roll spells the name of 
the sergeant major "Jordon" and fails to 
give the first name of Paymaster Denning. 

The regiment commanded by Colonel Ewing 
was composed of the companies of George 
P. Bowyer, Jonathan Diarman, Charles 
Dunn, Armstead Hoalman, and Obadiah 
West. At one time it also included Capt. Wil- 
liam J. Stephenson's company, which was 
transferred to the 1st Brigade Spy Bat- 
talion when that unit was organized. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN GEORGE P. BOWYER 

Muster Roll of Capt. George P. Bowyer 's Company of INlounted Volunteers of the 
State of Illinois, Called into the service of the United States, by the Governor of the 
state b}' his order of the loth, day of May 1832, from the date of its enrolment to 
the 7th. day of August 1832 the time of mustering out of service. 



Nc. 



Names 



Rank 



At7}t. due 

Sutler 



Remarks 



1 George P. Bowyer 



2 Jacob Philips 

3 Thomas P. [Nloore 



4 Thomas Adams 



5 Jacob Clark 

6 Edward Franklin 

7 William Fleming 

8 William Akins 



Capt. 



1st. Lieut. 
2nd. " 



2nd. " 
4th " 
1st. Corporal 

2nd. " 



S 9.50 



9.00 
18.00 



1st. Sergeant 14.373^ 



19.00 



7.50 



4.00 



One horse in service during the whole 
term, and a second in service from the 
1st. July to the end of term of service 

Clothing coffee & saddle-Blanket — value 

$9.50— left at Fort at Buffaloe-grove, 

by order of Genl Posey & lost 
Absent on furlough. Blanket & Bucket 

left at Buffaloe-grove, by order of Genl 

Posey & lost value $1.50 
[Absent on furlough] ^ 
Left at Fort Hamilton sick 
Bridle & Tomahaw lost — swimming Pec- 

a-ton-o-ke — value $1.50 
Coffee-pot left at Buffaloe-grove, by 

order of Genl. Posey & lost — value 

&2y2 cts 



Second Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



263 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Amt. due 
Sutler 



Remarks 



9 Augustus Adams 4th " 

10 William Whittington Bugleman 

11 Benjamin Whittington Private 



12 Nathaniel Morgan 

13 Thomas Bevers 

14 Benjamin Williams 



James Bowling 
Absalom Estes 
John P. Due 
William Clampet 
John Scribner 



20 Benjamin Bowling 

21 William Ward 

22 Evan Cleavland 



33 Noah Summers 

34 Benjamin Adams 

35 James Schoolcraft 

36 John Dement 

37 Joseph Western 

38 Vachel Dillingham 

39 James Whittington 

40 John Berry 

41 Joseph Gifford 

42 James Browaiing 

43 Jesse Cleveland 



17.50 



5.00 



11.00 

7.75 



5.25 



22.50 
6.00 



[?] 



15.00 



2.00 



23 Abraham Redburn 

24 Henry Bowyer 


" 


14.50 
17.50 


25 Garret Robertson 

26 Moses Jourdan 


Sergt. Major 


7.50 


27 Thomas Hail 


Private 




28 James Plaisters 

29 Jacob Bailey 

30 James Farris 

31 John Clark 

32 James Summers 


« 


10.00 
28.62 

7.50 
4.00 



5.25 



10.00 

26.50 
22.00 

[ ?] 



7.50 



Absent on furlough 

Do. 
Tin-Bucket left at Buffaloe-grove, by 

order of Genl. Posey & lost — value 

37H 



Clothing left at Buffaloe-grove, by order 
of Genl. Posey, & lost— value $4.00 



Absent on furlough 

Frying-pan & tin-Bucket lost in swiming 
Pec-a-ton-o-ke — value $1.00 

Coffee & saddle-Blanket left at Buffaloe- 
grove, by order of Genl Posey & lost — 
valued at $4.50 

Blanket left at Buffaloe-grove, by order 
of Genl Posey, & lost — valued at $2.50 

Saddle-Blanket, unavoidably lost, swim- 
ing Pec-a-ton-o-ke value $2.50 

Bridle value $2.00 unavoidably lost in 

swiming the Pic-a-tol-i-ca 
Absent on furlough 
Promoted to office of Sergt. Major, and 

Absent on furlough. 
Cloak & sack left at Buffaloe-grove — by 

order of Genl Posey, & lost value $7.00 
Absent on furlough. 



Absent on furlough. 

Sent to Fort Hamilton on duty (to take 

care of the sick) 
Sent to Fort Hamilton sick. 

Sent to Fort Hamilton on duty (to at- 
tend to the sick) 

Promoted to Major of spy battalion 
1st. Brig: — Absent on furlough. 

By consent transfered to Capt. Dierman's 
company of Pope County. 

Absent on furlough. 
Do. 
Do. 
Transfered by consent to Capt. West's 
company & there mustered out [of] 
service 



264 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Amt. due 
Sutler 



Remarks 



44 Reuben Clark 

45 Elijah Jourden 

46 James Jourden 

47 Aaron Neal 



48 A. W. Richardson 

49 John Slater 



10.00 
7.50 



Absent on furlough 

Transfered from Capt Wm J Stephen- 
son's Co to mine, by consent, was re- 
turned, & on furlough after my muster 
Roll 



I certify on honour that this muster-RoU exhibits the true state of the Detachment 
under my command & that the remarks set opposite the name of each officer & 
Private are accurate & Just 

Geo. P. Bowyer Capt. 2d Reg. 1st Brig 111 Vols. 

[NS] 
Dixons Ferry August 7, 1832. 

Mustered out of service, by me, by order of Maj.-Genl. Scott Comd N.W. Army. 

Z C Palmer Capt 6 U.S. Infy Comg post 

[NS] 



State of Illinois 






Set 



Franklin CountyJ 

I, George P. Bowyer do sole[mnly swear] that Jno. Slater and Alexander W. Richard- 
son^ [were reg]ularly enrolled in the service of the United States, in my Company at 
Fort Wilburn on 16th. June 1832, and that they served the full period of time for 
which they were enrolled, and were regularly discharged at Fort Dixon, by Capt. 
Palmer, on a detached roll — And that they are justly entitled to full pay and allow- 
ances for said services — (And as I am informed said detached roll was lost or mislaid) 

Geo. P. Bowyer Capt. 
Subscribed & Sworn to this 9th. May 1833. 



John. T. Davis. J. P. 



DS, DNA. Columns 4 through 9 of the 
original roll are omitted here. The fourth 
and fifth columns give the date of enroll- 
ment as June 16, 1832, and the period of 
enrollment as 90 days. The sixth column 
states that pay was due each man from the 
time of enrollment. Company members pres- 
ent at the muster-out are listed in the sev- 
enth column ; absentees are indicated in the 
remarks. The eighth column gives the county 
as Franklin for all but No. 27, John Dement, 
whose county was Fayette. The ninth column 
shows that men who were present at the 
muster-out drew five rations. 

In addition to the forty-nine men on the 
roll above, the company originally had eight 
other members who were separately dis- 



charged on Aug. 2. The following six men 
were mustered out in Lt. James G. Corder's 
detachment: Sgt. Elijah Estes, Corp. John 
Suleven (or Suliven), and Pvts. Walter S. 
Aikins [Akin], .John Estes, Owen Hutson, 
and Aikin McClain. Two other members of 
this company were mustered out in Lt. Green 
Depriest's detachment. They were "Archi- 
bold" M. Daniel and Royal Daniel. 

1 This remark is represented on the original 
roll by "Do." 

2 The names of these two men, Nos. 48 and 
49 above, are in a different handwriting and 
were probably added at the time the com- 
pany was paid. 



Second Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



265 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JONATHAN DIARMAN 

Muster Roll of Capt Jonathan Diermans Company of Mounted Volenteers of Illinois 
Called into the Service of the United States by the Governor of the State of Illinois 
by his Order of 15th May 1832 from the date of its enrolment to the 12th day of 
August 1832, the time of mustering out of Service 



Ng 



Names 



Rank 



Ami due 

Suttler 



Remarks 



I Jonathan Dierman 



Capt 



2 Simon S Bargar 


1st Lieut 


26.50 


3 Jacob Benyard 


2nd 


15.00 


4 John B. Witt 


1 Sergt 


5.50 


5 Thomas M Ellis 


2nd. " 




6 Green B Veatch 


3rd " 




7 Alfred M Hazel 


4th « 




8 John Lewis 


1st Corpl. 




9 Thomas Matthews 


3rd. " 


7.50 


10 John Williams 


Private 




11 James Williams 


" 


4.00 


12th Jesse Banty 


" 


20.75 


13 Colman Davis 


" 


2.00 


14 James Baily 


" 


7.50 


15 Joseph L Lewis 


" 




16 James Crawford 


" 


1.00 


17 Jacob Slankard 


" 


7.50 


IS Robert R. Raney 


" 




19 William [Carlyle] ' 


" 


4.00 


20 James Perrin ' 


" 


2.00 


21 Jos i ah Williams 


« 


15 00 


22 Alfred Jones 


" 


35.50 


23 John Lauderdale 


" 


7.50 


24 Isom Williams 


" 


13.50 


25 Anderson King 


" 


32.75 


26 Andrew Anderson 


" 




27 Judethan C Demick 


" 


13.50 


28 Samuel Cowsert 


" 


5.50 


29 William Dorset 


« 


34.75 


30 James Holland 


" 


35 00 


31 John King 


" 


19.37) 


32 Isaac F Watkins 


" 


15.00 


33 Ezkial Hobbs 


" 


35.25 


34 Abraham Noaks 


" 


4.00 


35 David Bowman 


" 


9.75 


36 William Harlice 


" 




37 Squire Wallace 


« 


7.00 



Two horse and one Se[r]vent in Service 
one ration per day in kind & half bushel 
corn only for forage diuing the Cam- 
paign 

Same remark as above as to rations & 
forage 

Sorrel horse lost in Service (being taken 
by the army as was supposed 

Absent on furlough 

Absent on furlough 



Left at fort Funk sick 
Do Do Do 



Absent on furlough 



Absent on furlough. Horse lost in Service 
[Ordered to Fort Hamilton on duty; horse 
lost, shot] 

Left at Funks to attend the sick 
Absent on furlough 



Left sick at Fort Wilburn 

Ordered to fort Hamilton on duty. Horse 
lost in the service being shot by Centinel 



Left at Funks fort to attend Sick 

DESERTED 20th. July 1832 

Left Sick at Fort Hamilton 

Absent on furlough 

Left on duty at fort Wilburne — towit, 

attend the Sick 
Left at Funks fort Sick 



266 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 



Namt 



Rank 



Ami due 
Suttler 



Remarks 



38 Isaac L Martin 

39 Christopher Hobbs 



Marshell Allen 
Joseph West 



11.00 
17.00 



17.00 



Absent on furlough granted on Surgons 

Certificate 
Horse lost in service 
Detached by Consent from Capt Wests 

Compy & attached to Capt Dermans 



I Certify on honor that this muster Roll exhibits the true statement of the Company 
under my command and that the remarks on the face of the Roll & those set oppisite 
the name of each Officer and private are accurate and just 



Jonathan Diarman 

[NS] 



Capt. 2nd. Regt 1st Brig 111. Vol. 



Dixons Ferry Aug: 12, 1832 

Mustered out of service by me by Order of Major General Scott Commanding the 
N. W. Army 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy. comg: post. 

[NS] We have examined the accounts of Ezekiel Hobbs of Capt. Durmonds company 
and find him endebted to the Sutler Wm. P. Tillton Sutler $39.25 Cents 

A J Storm Lt. Col 2nd Regt. 

Chas. Dunn Capt. 2nd. Regt. 

Jonathan Diarman Cpt. 



DS, DNA. In the margin of the roll is the 
following statement: "NB — The Officers 
drew one ration pr. day in kind. The officers 
and privates each drew half bushel corn 
only for forage during campaign." 

Columns 4 through 9 are omitted here. Col- 
umns 4 and 5 give the date of enroll- 
ment as June 16 and the period of enroll- 
ment as 90 days. Column 6 states that pay 
was due each man from the time of enroll- 
ment. Column 7 lists those men present at 



the muster-out ; absentees are indicated by 
the remarks. Cohimn 8 gives the county as 
Pope, and Column 9 states that all men 
present at the muster-out drew seven days' 
traveling rations. 

Twelve men who were originally members of 
this company were mustered out on Aug. 2 
in Lt. James G. Corder's detacliment. 

1 Name and remark illegible on roll ; sup- 
pUed from Elliott, 14. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN CHARLES DUNN 

Muster Roll of Captain Charles Dunns Company of Mounted volunteers of Illinois^, 
Called into the service of the United States by the Goverernor of Illinois, by his Orde 
of May loth. 1832, from the date of its enrolment to 13th. day of August 1832, the 
time of mustering out of service 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Amt. due 
Sutler 



Remarks 



1 Chas. Dunn 

2 Joseph Neal 

3 John Raum 



Capt. $26.80 Two horses in service. 

1st Liut 7 . 00 Left at fort Hamilton sick 

2d Liut. Promoted to Brigade Major on 16th June 

1832 1st Brig 



Second Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



267 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Ami. due 
Sutler 



Remarks 



4 James H McColugh 

5 Jesse R Pratt 

6 Andrew H. Drennon 

7 James F Johnston 



John Hamilton 
Jason B. Smith 
John Whitesides 
WiUiam M. Paistly 
John M Dobbins 
Joshua S Hanely 
James Arnold 
William Anderson 
Richard Hughes 
Daniel Pearce 
Wilie R. Paimore 
Joseph Wiley 
Joseph Harper 
Calvin H Paimore 
Harrison Slankard 
Hiram G. Smith 
Thomas Hall 
Geo. W. Cowsert 
David Bruce 
John McCool 
Nathan Pettello 
James Rose 
Thomas Bruce 
John Merow ' 
Wm. A Barr 
Jacob Kennedy 
Mathew Y. Pratt 
John Paisley 

John P. Hodge 



2d Liut. 

1st Sergt. 
1st Sergt 



2d Corp. 
3d. Corp. 
Private 



2.50 

29.00 
6.50 



1st. Corp 21.00 



22.94 
7.50 
2.50 



19.25 
23.75 
19.40 

49.25 
12.00 

28.50 
34.00 
14.00 
20.25 
11.50 
13.50 
10.50 

7.50 
16.00 
19.50 
16.00 

7.50 

7.25 
36.25 
19.75 

2.00 

16.00 



Elected & Commissioned in place John 
Raum Promoted 16th June 1832 1 fry- 
ing pan lost 

Absent on Furlough dated 31st day of 
July 1832 

Appointed 1st Sergt in Place of Pratt 31. 
day of July 1832 Horse lost strayed or 
stolen 

Promoted to Reg. Q. Master 1st July 1832 
& mustered out of service as such 

U S Halter lost 

Absent on Furlough 

Do dated 31st July 1832 

Left sick at Fort Hamilton 
U. S. Halter lost 
U. S. Camp Axe lost 



Deserted 20. July 1832 

Left sick at Fort Hamilton 

U S Halter lost 

U S Hatchet lost 

Horse lost, (strayed or stolen) 

Absent on furlough 

U. S. tin Bucket & Camp axe lost 

Absent on furlough 



Absent on furlough 



U S Halter lost 



U. S. Camp Axe Halter & Bayonet & 
scabbard lost 



I Certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of the Company under 
my Command, and the remarks on the face theirof, and those set oppisite the names 
of each Officer and private are accurate and just. 

Chas. Dunn Capt. 2d. Regt. 1st. Brig 111. Vol. 

[NS] 
Dixons Ferry Aug: 13, 1832 
Mustered out of service by me by order of Major Genl Scott Comd the N. W. Army 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy comg post 



268 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



[NS] We have examined the accounts of Daniel Pearce of Capt Dunn's company with 
the Sutler, & find him indebted the Sum of Fifty Seven Dollars Sixty two & half cents. 

A J Storm Lt Col 2nd 

Chas. Dunn Capt. 2d. Regt. 

Jonathan Diarman Capt 



DS, DNA. In the margin on the face of the 
roll is the following statement: "N.B. The 
Officers and privates on this Roll furnished 
at their own expence six days Rations and 
six days forage when ordered to march to 
enter into the United States Service. The 
Officers drew only one Ration pr. day in 
kind, and the Officers and Privates drew 
one half Bushel Corn each as forage only, 
during the whole Campaign." 

Columns 4 through 9, omitted here, supply 
the information that this company was from 



Pope County, that it was enrolled June 16, 
1832, for 90 days, and that pay was due 
all but one man from the time of enrollment. 
The exception was No. 17, Daniel Pearce, 
the deserter. At the muster-out each man 
present drew six traveling rations. The sev- 
enth column lists those men who were pres- 
ent ; absentees can be determined from the 
remarks. 

Thirteen members of this company, not listed 
on the above roll, were mustered out Aug. 2 
in Lt. James G. Corder's detachment. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ARMSTEAD HOALMAN 

Muster RoU of Captain Holman company of Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into 
the service of the U states by the Governor of the state by his order of the 15th Day 
of May 1832 from the Date [of its] Enrohnent to the 2nd Day of August 1832 when 
Mustered out of service 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



[Remarks] 



1 


Ai-mstead Holman 


capt 


2 


James Duncan 


1 Leut. 


3 


Squu-e Howel 


2Leut 


4 


Thos. E. Lowden 


1 musitean 


5 


0. H. Wiley 


ISerg 


6 


Joel N orris 


2 Do 


7 


Abraham Duncan 


3 Do 


8 


Wintfrey. L. Crain 


4 Do 


9 


Manuel Hunter 


1 Corp 


10 


John Spiller 


2 Do 


11 


Willis Tiner 


3 Do 


12 


James N orris 


4 Do 


13 


James. S. Russell 


Privates 


14 


Wm. H Duncan 


" 


15 


Noah Crain 


" 


16 


Wm. R. Yancy 


" 


17 


Isaac Gulley 


" 


18 


John. B. Spiller 


" 


19 


Wm. H Tarpley 


" 


20 


Wm. Rowland 


" 


21 


Thos. Hail 1 


" 


22 


John Phenix 


" 


23 


Spencer Crain 


« 


24 


Wm. B Crain 


" 


25 


James Tippy 


" 



one Blanket lost in service 



one horse Lost in service 



One U. S. Scabbard belt lost 



one horse lost in service — one U. S. Scab- 
bard belt lost. 



Second Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



269 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



[Remarks] 



Thos. Fisher 
Solomon Fisher 
Lewis Durock 
Daniel stroud 
Levi stroud 
Larry Boid 
Hiram Yancy 
George W. Hunter 
Martin B spiller 
Archabald McAlley 
Tippo .S. Williams 
Morgan Nelson 
Phillip J Russell 
Isham Tiner^ 
Reuben Herring' 
Manuel R Grain 
John Stack* 
John Lastley 
Ghamp .T. Grain 



[4]5 Thos. Hancock 



[4]6 
[4]7 
14]8 
[4]9 
[5]0 
51 
52 
53 



Wm Hindman 
Wm. Rawls 
Harris Rawls 
Thomas James 
Alfred Ghittey 
Joshua Tiner 
Thomas Daniel 
James .M. Nelson 



one belt and Tommyhawk lost in service 
one horse lost in service 



Furloughed in consequence of Inability for 
service 20 June 1832 from Fort Wilburn 



[54] Bird .T. Ryburn 

55 Westley Huffman " 

56 Isaac Lewis " 

57 David Williams " 

58 Ezekiel Moake " 

I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true State of the company under 
my command and that [the] remarks set opposite the name of each officer and Sol[dier] 
are accurate and just. 

Dixons Ferry August 2nd. 1832 A Hoalman Gap 2 Reg 1 Brig: 111. Voll. 

[Here follows the certificate of the mustering officer, probably Capt. Z. G. Palmer. 
Most of the certificate is covered by mending tape.] 



DS, DNA. Columns 4 through 9 are omitted 
here. The company was enrolled on June 15, 
1832, for 90 days; pay was due each man from 
the time of enrollment. All company members 
except James M. Nelson were present at the 
muster-out. The seventh column of the origi- 
nal roll, which lists those present, has two 
names spelled differently: Nos. 35 and 42, 
given as Archibald IVIcAnelly and John 
Stackis. The eighth column states that those 
present drew eight traveling rations. The 
ninth column gives the indebtedness of the 



men to the sutler. All but twelve men owed 
debts, amounting for the most part to sums 
under $10, although the captain owed $22 
and the 1st lieutenant, $51.75. The roll is 
very poorly made out so that the names of 
the men and figures in the ninth column do 
not line up. The remarks are also difficult 
to ascribe to the proper person except in a 
few instances where guidelines were used. 

The roll does not give the county. The name 
index to records in I-A contains entries for 



270 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



approximately half of the company members, 
all of whom were found to be from Franklin 
County. 

1 The remark following the name of John 
Phenix is entered after Hail's name on the 
roster in Elliott, 15. 



2 According to Elliott, 15, Tiner, not Reuben 
Herring, lost a belt and tomahawk. 



3 The roster in Elliott, 15, shows that Her- 
ring, not John Stack, lost a horse. 



4 No remark follows his name on the roster 
in EUiott. 15. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN OBADIAH WEST 

Muster Roll of Capt. Obediah West's company of mounted volunteers called into the 
service of the United Sta[te]s, by the Governor of Illinois, by his order of the 15th. 
May 1832, from the date of its enrolment to the 6th. day of August 1832, when 
mustered out of service— (company now under command of 1st. Li[eu]t. Robt. West 
comdt.) 



No 


Names 


Ra72k 


Amt. due 
Sutler 


[Remarks] 


1 


Obediah West 


Capt. 


$53.12 


Absent on furlough 


2 


Robert West 


1st Lieut. 


34.50 




3 


Hugh Parks 


2nd. " 


7.50 


Absent on furlough 


4 


Wilie Scott 


1st. Sergeant 


33.00 


Horse lost in service (being rode 
down on forced marches and 
left) This horse was swopped 
for, and is not the one valued 
to Scott) 


5 


William Henry 


4th. " 


7.50 


Absent on furlough 


6 


Moses Odum 


3d. Corporal 


8.75 




7 


Edward Franklin 


Private 


7.50 




8 


Robert Worthen 


" 


29.50 




9 


Albert Provence 


" 


18.62H 




10 


Jabez Hooker 


" 


24.50 


Absent on furlough 


11 


Augustus Henry 


" 


13.25 


Do. 


12 


Isaac Groves 


" 


9.50 




13 


James Browning 


" 


2.50 




14 


Junior Meredith 


" 


6.00 




15 


Thomas Pulley 




2.50 


Absent on furlough 


16 


John Ward 






Do. 


17 


Pleasant Bradley 




7.50 


Do. 


[18 


Washn. Beasley] i 






Do. 


19 


Jiles Joiner 




7.50 


Do. — (Horse lost in service) 



20 


Dickson Ward 


21 


Richard Price 


22 


David H. Springs 


23 


William Rich 


24 


Samuel Parks 


25 


William Murphey 


26 


Robert Watson 


27 


WUliam Rau 



7.50 



7.50 



12.00 
11.50 



the horses of the army being 
affrighted from camp by enemy 
or otherwise & many lost — 
Theirs among others 

Do. [absent on furlough] 

Do. 



Second Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 271 



No. Names Rank Amt. due [Remarks] 

Sutler 

28 Seth Roper " 8.25 

29 George Zacharias " 7 . 50 

30 Henry Layman " 18.12 

31 Andrew Parks " 23.75 Tent cloth private property (val- 

ue $3.00) left at Fort at Buffalo 
grove by order Genl. Posey & 
there lost or destroyed 

32 Isaac Youngblood " 15.00 

Additional names on pay-roll ^ 

I certify on honor, that this Muster roll exhibits the true state of the detachment 
under my command, and that the remarks set opposite the names of each Officer and 
private are accurate and just 

Robert West 1st. Lt. Comdt. 2nd. Regt. 1st. Brig: 111: Vol: 

[NS] 
Date— August 6, 1832 
Station — Dixons Ferry 

Mustered out of Service by me, by Order of Maj. Genl. Scott Comd. N. W. Army 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy comg post 

[NS] 
State of Illinois ^ 

> set 
Franklin CountyJ 

We John Evping Colo, of the 2d. Regt. and Obediah West Capt. in said Regt. do 
solemnly swear, that John Cunningham was enrolled in Capt. Wests company, at 
Fort Wilburn on 16th. June 1832, in the service of the united States, & served up to 
12th. August faithfully, but on account of being absent on detached service was not 
mustered out of service with his proper company. We further state on Oath, that it 
is our Opinion that said John is fully entitled to pay and all allowances, for said 
services. 

John Ewing — Colo. 
Obadiah West Capt. 

Subscribed & Sworn to before me this 9th. May 1833. John. T. Davis. J, P. 

DS, DNA. Columns 4 through 9 are omitted Fifteen men from this company were mus- 

here. They show that the company was en- tered out on Aug. 2 in Lt. James G. Cor- 

roUed June 16 for 90 days; pay was due der's detachment; see the detachment roll 

each man from the time of enrollment. in the last chapter of the 3d Army section. 

Richard Price, No. 21 above, was from 

Pike County; all other company members i Name supplied from receipt roll. 

were from Franklin County. Seven traveling 

rations were issued to those present at the 2 iHi has a photostat (from DNA) of the 

muster-out, with the exception of Andrew company receipt roll. 

Parks, who drew only two rations. Those 

present are listed in the seventh column; 

absentees are indicated by the remarks. 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & staff officers of the 3rd Regt 1st Brigade Ills. Mounted 
Volunteers called into the service of the United States by order of the govenor of 
Ills, bearing date the 15 May 1832 From their enrollment to the 14th day of August 
the date of their Discharge 



Names 



Rank 



from what 
county 



Remarks 



1 Samuel Leech Colonel Wayne Absent by leave of Genrl. Atkin- 

son from 4 Aug. one horse lost 
in consequence of the force 
march the morning before the 
battle on the iMississip[pi] 



2 


Joseph Campbell 


Lt. Do. 


Do. 




3 


Joseph Shelton 


Major 


Hamilton 


Absent on duty— one horse lost 
on return from 4 lakes. 


4 


Jeffrey Robinson 


Adjutant 


Wayne 


2 horses. 


5 


James Deavenport 


paymaster 


Hamilton 


Absent by permission from genrl 
posey 


6 


David Chance 


Qr. master 


INIarion 


Discharged July 2nd 1832 i 


7 


Wm. F Turney 


surgeon 


Wayne 


Absent on Furlough 


8 


George Wilson 


surgt. Mate 


Do. 




9 


Leaven Lane 


Qr. M sergt. 


Hamilton 


Furloughed Angus 13th. 


10 


John Jones 


sergt Major 


Wayne 


one horse lost 



Note — the Field & staff officers in the above roll severally furnished themselvs with 
six days Ration from home each at their own expence from the time they left horn 
to ente in to the survice of the united states they have drawn but one Ration in 
kind each per day Durin the whole campaign & one half bushel of corn each as forage 
for horses during sd term of time 

Col Samuel Leech Bore his own expenses from the battle ground on the mississippi 
home & found his own rations from 4 August 

I certify on honour that the above is a correct Roll of the field & staff officers of the 
3 Regt 1st Brg Ills mounted volunteers under command of Brg. Genrl posey & the 
remarks made opposite the name of each individual & at the margin under this Roll 
are Just & true Done at Fort Dixon this 14th August 1832 

Joseph Campbell Lieut Col 3 Regement first Bregade 
272 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



273 



[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the within Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 14th day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the United 
States the within mentioned Officers by order of Brigr Genl Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. Omitted here are Columns 4, 5, 
6, 7, 9, and 10, which show that the staff 
was enrolled June 16 for 90 days and was 
entitled to pay from the time of enrollment. 
The seventh column lists the only four men 
who were present at the muster-out, Camp- 
bell, Robinson, Wilson, and Jones. The ninth 
column states that these men drew one ra- 
tion per day for eight days as traveling ra- 
tions. The tenth column, "Amt due sutler," 
is blank. 

IHi also has a mustering-in roll signed by 
"E. C. Berry, Adjt. & Inspector Genl.," at 
the "Foot of the Lower Rapids of Illinois 



River," June 17, 1832. This roll gives the 
date of commission as June 17 and the place 
of rendezvous as Fort Wilbourn. The names 
of the lieutenant colonel and the major are 
not given. There are three variations from 
spellings above: David R. Chance, James 
Davenport, and George W. Wilson. The 
body of the roll is in Joshua T. Bradley's 
hand. 

1 Chance may have left the staff on July 2, 
but he was not officially mustered out of 
service until Aug. 2, when he was dis- 
charged with Lt. Green Depriest's detach- 
ment. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ARDEN BIGGERSTAFF 

Muster Roll of Captain Ardin Biggerstaff's company of Mounted Volunt[e]ers of 
Illinois called into the Service of the United States by the Governor of Illinois by his 
order of IMay 15th 1832; from the date of its enrolment to the 13th d[a]y of August 
1832. The time of Mustermg out of Service. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



County 



Remarks. 



Ardin Biggerstaff, 
Lewis Lane, 
Wesley W. Willis, 
Wesley W. Gholston, 
James ^I. Wilson, 
James Allen Senr, 



7 William Fuller, 

8 Joshua G. Weaver 



9 Benjamin Q. Allen 

10 Grandville Gholston 

11 Solomon Skelton 



Capt 
1st Lieut 
2nd. Lieut 
1st. Sergt 
2nd. " 
3rd " 



4th " 
1 Corpl 



Hamilton 



2nd 
3rd 
4th 



12 Elisha Everett Fifer 

13 Adonajah G. Grimes' Trumpeter 



14 Andrew S. Hynes, Private 

15 Adam Crouch, Do " 



On furlough dated 
Do Do Do. 

One saddle lost unavoidably on a march 
from Wisconsin River to Fort Hamilton 
Value ten Dollars. 

One tent cloth lost unavoidabl}^ on forced 
march from Buffalo Grove, to Kellogg's 
Grove. Say 15 yards at 31 ^^ cents pr. 
yard. Amt S4.68% cents. 



Appointed 4th Corpl. in room of Fred- 
erick Mayberry, who was discharged on 
20th June 1832, and entitled to corpl. 
wages from that time 

Major Hungate substituted in Donajah 
G. Grimes' room, on the 26th July 1832, 
and to receive the full wages in room 
of sd Adonajah G. Grimes. 

On furlough dated 



274 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 



Names 



Rank 



County 



Remarks. 



Archibald Trotter, 
Charles Sexton, 
Saml. Johnston^ 
Elijah Everett 
John Allen 
Nicholas Trammel 
James H. Bryant, 
James F. Galliher 

Washington Wheeler 
William Drew 



William Bryant 
James Allen Junr 
Elbridge G. Porter 
Ellison Cook, 
James Blake 
William Campbell 
John Gibson 
William Riley 
David K. Mayberry 
John Wheeler 
Daniel Morris 



37 Jesse Jourden 

38 Saml. Martin 

39 Jesse Moore, 

40 F. A. Rileys 



41 Thos. S Jenkins 

42 Joseph F. Thomason 

43 Nicholas StuU 
4[4 N.] D. Steerman* 
4[5] John Lowry 

46 W. M. Steerman 

47 J. M. Ritchy 



On furlough dated 
Do Do 



Lost of U. S. property unavoidably one 
Bayonet belt. Supposed Stolen 

On furlough dated 

One tent cloth unavoidably lost making 
his escape from an Indian Supposed to 
be hostile (on Rock river). This tent 
cloth was drawn at Fort Willburn as 
U. S. property. Also lost on route to 
Mud Lake, one Jackson Coat valued to 
$5.00 the exact time, or the manner 
lossed, not able to ascertain. Though 
unavoidably. 



48 William Johnson^ 



On furlough dated 
On furlough dated 



On furlough dated 

Do Do 

Lost U. S. property unavoidably on march 
one Bayonet, and one Bayonet Belt 

On furlough Dated 
Do Do 

One Bridle lost unavoidably stolen. Value 
two Dollars. Also U. S. property un- 
avoidably one Bayonet Belt 



On furlough Lost his horse being stolen 
or strayed from him at or near the Mis- 
sisipi river where he was pursuing the 
Horstile Indians He was ordered to dis- 
mount by the Commanding officer to 
fire on the Indians and has never since 
been able to get him on[?] making nes- 
sarry serch Value $100. 

Do [on furlough] 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



275 



No 



Names 



Rank 



County 



Remarks. 



49 Frederck Mayberry 

50 Joseph Shelton 



Discharged on 20th June 1832, as sick and 

unfit for duty. 
Promoted to Major June 16th. 18[32]. 

Lost one horse, by being broken down 

on March from Rock river to Fort 

Hambleton Valued at $ 



I certify on honor that this muster roll exibits the sta[te] of the company under my 
command, and that the remarks set opposite the names of each officer and Soldier 
ar[e] to the best of my knowledge/ accurate and just. 

Dixon's Ferry Arden Biggerstaff Capt. Com'g 2nd Comp. 2nd Batt. 

Aug: 13, 1832 3rd Regt. 1st. Brig. Il[l.] Mounted Volunteers 

[NS] Mustered out of service by me by order of Majr Genl Scott, Com'g. the N. [W. 
Army.] 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy comg post 



DS, DNA. Columns 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10 
are omitted here. Columns 4 and 5 give the 
date of enrollment as June 16, 1832, and 
the period of enrollment as 90 days. Column 
6 states that pay was due each man from 
the date of enrollment. Column 7 lists those 
men present at the muster-out; absentees 
are indicated by the remarks. Column 9 
states that each man present at tlie muster- 
out drew traveling rations for ten days, and 
Column 10 lists the indebtedness of company 
members to the sutler. The following six 
men owed money: Arden Biggerstaff, $10.75; 
Benjamin Q. Allen, $2.25; Grandville Ghol- 
ston, $3.75; John Allen, $7.70 (?); Wil- 
liam Campbell, $4.00 ; and John Gibson, 
$2.00. 

1 Major Hungate is listed present in Grimes's 
place at the muster-out. 



- Tliis man. marked here as "on furlough," 
was mustered out of service on Aug. 2 with 
Lt. Green Depriest's detachment. His name 
is given on the detachment roll as Johnson. 

3 F. A. Riley is listed as present at the mus 
terout of this companj', despite the fact tha 
his name also appears on the mustering-ou' 
roll of Lt. Green Depriest's detachment, dis- 
charged Aug. 2. Although Riley was 
Dixon on Aug. 2, he was sick and in the 
hospital. Apparently he remained there until 
his own company returned to Dixon for 
discharge. 

4 Initial supplied from "Names Present" 
column. 

" Johnson was mustered out of service at 
Dixon on Aug. 2 with Depriest's detachment. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES N. CLARK 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain James N. Clark Company, third Regiment, first Brigade 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the requi- 
sition of Gen. Atkerson by the Governor's proclamation, dated fifteenth May 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. RANK. 

(Privates in Alphabetical order.) 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 James N Clark 
1 David Ray 



Capt 
1st Lieut 



Wayne County 



Do Do 



horse Saddle & Bridle Stolen By En- 
emy at Prarie Du chain horse only 
Regained valu Lost $22.50 

Horse lost In Service Being Rode 
down on force march to [?] Loss 
valy $70 



276 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



NAMES. RANK. 

{Privates in Alphabetical order.) 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



2 Jesse Lard [Laird] 2nd Lieut 
1 Daniel Sumpter 1 Sergt 



2 William A Howard 

3 Isaac Street 

1 Joseph Walker 

2 John Mc whurter 

3 Lewis Watkins 

4 Nathan E Roberts 

1 Austin Harriss 

2 Austin James B 

3 Bain Robert 

4 Bradshaw Greenup 

5 Bradshaw Arthur 

6 Bullard Asa 
Campbell Joseph M 
Clark James 
Clark William 
Dikerson Younger H 
Dolton George 
Dolton Andrew C 
Farleigh George 
Fitzgerrel John F 
Garrison Joseph L 

16 Garrison James 

17 Graham William 

18 Hargrave Jeremiah 

19 Harlin William 

20 Haws Alfred 

21 Haws Benjamin 

22 Henson John 

23 James Samuel 

24 Kenchelow Peter 

25 Martin David 

26 Martin Nathan 

27 Mayes Andrew 

28 Mayes James 

29 McCollum William 

30 Morriss Joseph 

31 Ray Chesley 

32 Ray, Asa 

33 Rister Jacob 

34 Sanders fenton 

35 Sessions Richard 

36 Smith David 

37 Trotter James 

38 Tyler Jahalen 

39 Walker George 



2nd 

4rd 

1st Corporal 

2nd 

3rd 

4rd 

private 



Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Do Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Absent on furlow 10 August — Saddle 
lost In Battle Missippi $10 



Absent on furlough 3 August 1832 



Absent on furlough 9 August 1832 
Absent on furlough 9 August 1832 

Horse lost in Service 



Absent on furlough 3 August 1832 
Left Sick at fort Wilbourn 19 June 

1832 
Left Sick at fourt Wilbourn 19 June 

1832 



Absent on furlough 9 August 1832 



Left Sick at fourt Wilbourn 19 June 
1832 



Left Sick at fourt wilbourn 19 June 
1832 



Absent on furlough 9 August 1832 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



211 



No. NAMES. RANK. 

(Privates in Alphabetical order.) 



40 Walker Greenbury " " 

41 Warnick Jefferson " " 

42 Warnick James R « « 

43 Widdows John G " " 

44 White George L " 

"Discharged"! 

1 O Oley [Ooley] Henry 3rd. Sargent 



COUj 


NTY. 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 



REMARKS. 



Absent on furlough 3 August 1832 



discharged at fourt Dixon 2 August 

1832 
discharged at fourt Wilbourn 19 June 

1832 
discharged at fourt Dixon 2 August 

1832 



1 Slocumb David D privat 

2 Alexander Daniel privat 
3 discharged 

RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED.!! 

James N Clark Elected Capt on the 12th of May 1832 
David Ray Elected 1st Lutent on the 12 of May 1832 
Jesse Liard Elected 1st Lutenet on the 12th of May 1832 

Took up the line of March from Wayne Cout on the 1st June 1832 
Musterd in to the servic of the U. S on the 16th of June 1832 

I do Certify that the officers have drawn but one dayes rations and officers & privates 
drew 8 days Travling rations and one half Bushel of Corn ondley drawn to Each 
person during the Campgn this 15th of August 1832 

James N Clark Clark Capt 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. James N 
Clarks Company Third Reg't Fu-st Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, in 
every particular, the true state of the Company. 

James N Clark Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 3rd. Reg't 1st. Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The Recapitulation, which is in- 
complete, and Columns 4, 5, 6, and 8 are 
omitted here. The fourth and fifth columns 
state that the company was enrolled June 
16, 1832, for 90 days. The sixth column 
states that pay was due from the time of 
enrollment, and the eighth column lists those 
present at the muster-out — absentees are 
indicated by the remarks. Two names are 



spelled differently in the eighth column: Nos. 
29, William McCullum, and 34, Fenten 
Sanders. 

1 Ooley and Alexander were mustered out in 
Lt. Green Depriest's detachment. 



'■ The "Record of Events" 
vriting of the captain. 



is in the hand- 



278 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES HALL 

Muster Roll of Captain James Halls Companey of mounted Volunteers of Illinois 
Cauld into the Service of the United States by the Govinor of Illinois by his order 
of may the 15th day 1832 from the date of its inrolement to the 13th day of August 
1832 the time of mustering out of Ser[v]ice 



A^( 


) Names 


Rank 


Names present 


1 


James Hall 


Capt 


James Hall 


2 
3 
4 
5 


John Burton 
John Townsand 
Milton Carpenter 
Robert Witt 


1 Lieut 

2 Lieut 

1 Sergeant 

2 Serg 


Absent on furlow 
Absent on furlow 
Absent on furlow 
Absent on furlow 


6 

7 
8 


John M Smith 
Alfred More 
John Heard 


3 Serg 

4 Serg 

1 Corporal 


Absent on furlow 
Alfred More 
Discharged 


9 
10 


Charles Heard 
KeUng T Maulding 


2 Corp 

3 Corp 


Charles Heard 
absent on furlow 


11 
12 
13 


Willis Atkinson 
Clinton Hopkins 
Jonathan Redrick 


4 Corp 

Bugleman 

Private 


Willis Atkinson 
Clinton Hopkins 
Johnathan Redrick 



Remarks 



14 


Snead White 


Same 


Snead White 


15 


Elisha Bond 


Same 


Elisha Bond 


16 


WUy Williams 


Same 


Wiley Williams 


17 


Fredrick Meridith 


Same 


Absent on fiu-low 


18 


Louis Lane 


Same 


Absent on furlow 


19 


Hiram Towsand 


Same 


Absent on furlow 



20 


Thomas Coffee 


Same 


Absent on furlow 


21 


Samuel Ward 


Same 


Samuel Warde 


22 


Samuel Monday 


Same 


Samuel Munday 


23 


John Rich 


Same 


John Rich 


24 


Jeremiah Reynolds 


Same 


Jerremiah Reynold; 


25 


Charles phelps 


Same 


Charles phelps 


26 


Rhebin Oglesby 


Same 


abstant on furlow 



one Iron gray Horse lost on a force 
march from the mud lake — to 
Fort hamilton valued at — SlOO 



one Rone mare Stolen by the In- 
dians on the mud lake— valued 
at— $100 



John Heard discharged on the 
day of By Capt Parmer 
18321 

one Bay Horse Stolen by the In- 
dians on White water valued at 
$80—00 one Bridle $1—00 



one Bay mare killd at Carlogues 
[Kellogg's ? ] groves on force 
march valued at $50 — 00 one 
Saddle one Bridle and one 
Blanket $13—00 



one Gray horse Horse lost on a 
force martch from the west 
constant [Wisconsin River] to 
the Batt[leground on the M]is- 
sissippi 1 saddle & Bridle Valued 
all to— $71— 00 



1 Sorrel mare Stolen by the Indians 
at the mud lake Valued to $100 
1 Saddle Bridle & Blanket 
Valued to— 22 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



279 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Names -present 



Remarks 



27 Moses Shearly 



28 Elijah Tramel 



Same 



Same 



54 Ambrose Maulding Same 



55 Adam overturf ^ 



Moses Shirley 



abstant on furlow 



29 


Levin Lane 


Same 


premoted 


30 


Charles Hungate 


Same 


Charles Hungate 


31 


Asahel McBroom 


Same 


abstant on furlow 


32 


philip dair 


Same 


phillip adiar 


33 


Joseph Hall 


Same 


Joseph Hall 


34 


Sanford Hutson 


Same 


abstant on furlow 


35 


Charles krizel 


Same 


charles crizell 


36 


John krizel 


Same 


abstant on furlow 


37 


John Burnet 


Same 


John Burnet 


38 


James Schoolcraft 


Same 


James Schoolcraft 


39 


Shearwood Brown 


Same 


Shirwood Brown 


40 


Alexander Pauley 


Same 


AUexander PauUey 


41 


Thomas Hall 


Same 


Thomas Hall 


42 


John Fouch 


Same 


John Fou[ch] 


43 


WiUiam Perry 


Same 


Wm. Perry 


44 


Elija Burr ess 


Same 




45 


Samuel Cannimore 


Same 


Samuel [?] 


46 


William Mclaughlin 


Same 




47 


Jesse Johnston 


Same 




48 


Wilie Prigmbre 


Same 


Wiley Prig[m]ore 


49 


James Davenport 


Same 




50 


Martin Sims 


Same 


Martin [Sims] 


51 


Thomas J Hanks 


Same 


Thomas [J. Hanks] 


52 


William ISIorris 


Same 


Wm. Mo[rris] 


53 


Martin Coons 


Same 


Martin Co[o]ns 



one Bay mare Stolen on white 
water by the Indians one Saddle 
one Bridle and Blanket all val- 
ued $94—00 

one gray mare Stolen on mud lake 
by the Indians Saddle Bridle 
and Blanket all va[l]ued $77 

Promoted on the 16th of June — 
1832 to Q. M. Sergt 



one gun lost on the Battle ground 
valued to $[15.00] ^ 



one Sorrel mare Broke down on 
force march valued $40 

one Bay hourse Lost in forcte 
March from the fore Laks one 
Saddel and Bridel and Blanket 
all Vallued at —$67 

On furlough 

On furlough 

Discharged By Capt Palmer on 

[rest of remark illegible — MS 

torn] 2 

Premoted on 16th day of June 1832 



One Bay horse Lost on a March 
from th[e] foure Laks to fort 
Hamilton and Coverleat all 
Vallued to— $53 

on furlough 

one Bay Mare Stolen on White 
Watter Be [by] the Indians 1 
Saddel 1 Bridel 2 [?] Blankets 
all Vallud to— $71 ♦ 



[Here follows a statement, principally covered by mending tape, on the number of 
rations and the amount of forage drawn by company members.] 



280 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



I certify on honor that this muster roll Exibits true statement of the company under 
my command, and that the remarks set opposite the name of each officer and Soldier 
are (to the best of my knowledge) [accujrate and Just. 



[Jame]s Hall Capt 



Capt Comg. 1st Com. 2nd Batt. 3rd Regt. 1st. Brigade 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers 



[NS] [Mustejred out of Service by me, by order of Major Genl. Sco[tt comm]andiiig 
the N. W. Army 

Z C Palmer Capt. 6. U. S. Infy comg post 



DS, DNA. The body of the roll is in several 
different handwritings, one of which predomi- 
nates. The "Karnes present" column is in 
a second handwriting beginning with the 
entry of No. 21, Samuel Ward, and continu- 
ing through No. 40, Alexander Pauley. The 
remainder of the names in that column are 
in a third handwriting. Most of the remarks 
following the names of Nos. 42 through 54 
are in a fourth hand, which is probably the 
captain's. 

Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10 are omitted 
here. They show that the company, which 
was from Hamilton County, was enrolled 
June 16, 1832, for three months and was 
due pay from the time of enrollment. Those 
men present at the muster-out drew travel- 
ing rations for ten days. The tenth column, 
headed "Amt. due Suttlers," lists the in- 
debtedness of the following men: 

4. Milton Carpenter, $4.00. 

5. Robert Witt, $23.19. 

8. John Heard, $21.50. 

9. Charles Heard, $4.00. 
12. Clinton Hopkins, $5.00. 

15. Elisha Bond, $5.00. 

16. Wiley Williams, $4.50. 

19. Hiram Towsand [Townsend ?], $5.00. 

22. Samuel Munday, $2.75. 

23. John Rich, $4.00. 

24. Jeremiah Reynolds, $18.50. 
26. Reuben Oglesby, $33.75. 



32. Philip Odair, $5.00. 

33. Joseph Hall, $6.50. 

41. Thomas Hall, $6.00. 

42. John Fouch, $5.25. 

43. William Perry, $4.00. 

45. Samuel Cannimore, $4.92%. 

46. William McLaughlin, $5.00. 

47. Jesse Johnston, $19.00. 

48. Wiley Prigmore, $7.00. 
51. Thomas J. Hanks, $4.00. 

1 He was discharged Aug. 2 by Capt. Z. C. 
Palmer in Lt. Green Depriest's detachment. 

2 The amount of the loss, illegible here, is 
given in Elliott, 18. 

3 This man was discharged Aug. 2 in Lt. 
Green Depriest's detachment. His name is 
given on the detachment roll as Johnson. 

4 A note, inserted in the column preceding 
this remark, states: "Duplicate roll shows 
this remark to apply to Amb. Maulding." The 
portion of the remark giving information 
about losses lines up with the name of 
Adam Overturf. 

5 Overturf's absence from this company at 
the muster-out is not explained on the roll. 
He had been discharged on Aug. 2 with Lt. 
Green Depriest's detachment. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN ONSTOTT 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain John Onstotts Company, Third Regiment, First Brigade 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the requi- 
sition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15th. May 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 John Onstott 



2 Trussey P Hanson 



Captain Clay Comg Company One Camp 

Hatchet lost by unavoidable 
accident 

1 Liut. Clay 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



281 



No. 



NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



3 Alfred J Moore 


2d Lieut 


Clay 


1 Cyrils Wright 


1 Srgt. 


Same 


2 Elisha Bashford 


2nd 


Same 


3 Ai-chibald T Patterson 


3rd 


Same 


1 Samuel Whiteley 


1st Corpl 


Same 


2 Strother B Walker 


2nd 


Same 


3 Joseph Whiteley 


3rd. 


Same 


4 Francis Herman 


4th. 


Same 


1 Ano James T 


Private 


Same 


2 Creek Jefferson 


" 


Same 


3 Cook James 


" 


Same 


4 Carbaugh Soloman B 


« 


Same 


5 Chamberlin Young 


" 


Same 


6 Campbell Angus 


" 


Same 


7 Daniels Levi 


" 


Same 


8 Fitzgerald A S. 


" 


Same 


9 Lethcoe Joseph 


» 


Same 


10 Logan Russell 


" 


Same 


11 McGraw John 


" 


Same 


12 McKenney James 


" 


Same 


13 Moseley Bennet W. 


« 


Same 


14 Nicholson John G 


" 


Same 


15 Nelson James 


« 


Same 


16 Rogers Isaac 


" 


Same 


17 Rogers Thomas 


" 


Same 


18 Skief Jesse 


" 


Same 


19 Songer Abram 


" 


Same 


20 Stallings Lockhart 


" 


Same 


21 Simcoe David 


" 


Same 


22 John Sutton 


« 


Same 


23 John Speaks 


" 


Same 


24 Tarter Frederick 


" 


Same 


25 Van Cleave James 


« 


Same 


26 Walker Isaac 


" 


Same 


27 Wickersham James L 


" 


Same 


28 Whiteley Martin 


" 


Same 


Discharged ^ 






1 McDaniel Hugh 


" 


Same 


2 McDaniel Robert 


« 


Same 


3 Martin Perkey^ 


« 


Same 


4 James Tompkins 


Sergt 


Same 



One Screw Driver & 1 Wiper 
lost by unavoidable accident 



On furlough order Col. Leech 
On furlough Same 



On furlough for 28 days, horse 
broke down in Service Sadie 
lost 9th August 

On furlough By Major Campbell 

On furlough 9 August. 

On furlough, horse broke down 

in Service. /order Major 

Campbell 



On furlough by Col Leech 



On furlough by Major Campbell 
On furlough 1st August 
On furlough 9th August 



On furlough 9th August 
On furlough 1st August 



Supposed to be discharged by 

Gl. Scotts Order 
Supposed to be discharged by 

Gl. Scotts Order 
Supposed to be discharged by 

Gl. Scotts Order 
Supposed to be discharged by 

Gl. Scotts Order 



282 PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

John Onstott Elected Captain 29th May 1832 
Trussey P. Hanson Elected 1st Lieut 29th May 1832 
Alfred J. Moore, Elected 2nd. Lieut 29th May 1832. 
Noncommissioned officers appointed same day 
Took up line of March from Clay County June 2nd. 1832 

Mustered into U. States servic 16th June 1832 

Capt and other officers have drawn but one Ration In Kind Each day and But one 
half Bushel of corn for officers and privates Each, during the campaign & Eight days 
Rations drawn to travel home on this 15 Aug 1832 

Capt John Onstott 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. John 
Onstotts Company Third Reg't First Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

John Onstott Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th. day of August 18S2, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 3rd. Reg't 1st. Brigade by order of Brigr. Genl. 
Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 

DS (»), IHi. Onstott's "signature" appears differently in the eighth column: 1st Lt. 

on the roll three times, and each is in a Trussy P. Hanson, 2d Lt. Alfred G. Moore, 

different handwriting. Which, if any, of the and Pvt. 18, Jesse Skeife. 
signatures is the captain's is not known. In 

addition to the two signatures on the above The Recapitulation gives the total company 

transcript, the following ANS is on the face strength as 42, of whom 26 were present at 

of the roll: "I Do herby Surtify that all the mu.ster-out, 4 having been discharged 

the tin yeare [tinware?] Drawn from the and 12 having been granted furloughs, 
united stats for the youse of my Company 

is worn out in Survis Capt John Onstott." i The four men whose names follow were 

discharged at Dixon on Aug. 2 in Lt. Green 

The Recapitulation and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, Depriest's detachment, 
and 10 are omitted here. They show that the 

company was enrolled June 16, 1832, for 2 This man's surname was probably Perkey. 

three months and that pay was due from No information about Martin Perkey has 

the time of enrollment. The eighth column been found, but it is known that Perkey was 

lists those present at the muster-out; absen- a common family name in Clay County at 

tees are indicated by the remarks. The tenth this time. The roll of Depriest's detachment, 

column, headed "Inspection Remarks," is which gives names consistently, shows Perkey 

blank. The following three names are spelled as the surname. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN BERRYMAN G. WELLS 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Berryman G Wells Company, 3rd Regiment, first Bri- 
gade Ills Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15 day of May 
1832. 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



283 



No 


NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


COUNTY. REMARKS. 


1 


Berryman G Wells 


Gaptain 


Wayne 


1 


John Brown 


1 Lieut. 


Absent on Furlough from 7 
August 


2 


Jonus B Carter 


2 Lieut 




1 


Hugh Stewart 


1st Sergt. 


Absent by leave of Gol. Leech 
Gomdt. 3rgd 1 Brg 


2 


James G Brownen 


2 Sergt. 




3 


Sion Harriss 


3 Do 


furloughed 9 August 


4 


Riley T Serratt 


4 Do 




1 


Robert S Harriss 


1st Gorparol 


furloughed 9 Aug. 


2 


Ransom Harriss 


2 Do 


Do Do 


3 


Albert Butler 


3 Do 




4 


Elijah Harriss 


4 Do 


furloughed 9 Aug 


1 


Nathan Franklin 


Drummer 


Do Do Do 


2 


Jonathan Wilsey 


Trumpeter 


Do Do Do 


1 


Beach Justus 


private 


Absent by leave of Gol Leech 
Gomdt 3 rgt 1 Brg from 3 
August 


2 


Brownen John 






3 


Berry John 






4 


Bird John 






5 


Gates D Robert i 




- one horse &c Lost 


6 


Gates Robert 






7 


Gook H Howlet 






8 


Gook M James 






9 


Garter Isaac 






10 


Garter Wm 




Absent from 3 August by leave 
of Gol Leech Gomdt 3 Rgt 
1 [Brg] 


11 


Downen Job 






12 


Gaston R Robert 






13 


Hall Jacob ' 




Absent on Furlough 9 August 


14 


Hodges Isaiah 




Absent Do Do 


15 


Hodges Isham 




Absent by leave of Gol Leech 
Gomdt 3 r 1 Brg 


16 


Harland D James 




Do Do Do [absent by leave 
of Gol. Leech] from 3 Aug 


17 


Hart Moses 




Absen on Furlough from 9 
Aug 


18 


Harriss Joseph 




absent on duty to galena taken 
sick Absent without leave 
from It. July 


19 


Irvin William 




absen on furlough from 25 
June 


20 


Lock Samuel 




on furlough from 9 Aug one 
hors &c Lost 


21 


Mc cracken Jonathan 




one horse &c Lost 


22 


Martin Nathan 




Absen by leav of Gol Leech 
from 3 Aug 


23 


Neel Samuel 






24 


Neel Andrew 







284 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1831 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Neel Henry 
phelps Thomas^ 
Smith Nicholas 



28 Stephison G John 

29 Shoemake Enoch' 

30 Shoemake Hugh 

31 Stevens Job 

32 Snider W John 

33 Staton Westley 



Turner C Fielding 
Turner James 
White William 
Wells C M 
Young C Clemont 



one horse &c Lost 

Absent by leave of Col one 
musket &c lost in battle 

furloughed 9 Aug one horse 
&c Lost 

horse &c lost in Battle 

Absst 3 Aug by leave of Col 
Leech Comdt 3 R 1 Brg 

on furlough from 9th August 

horse lost 
Abs by leave of Leech 3 

August 



one horse &c Lost 
furloughed 9 August 
Do Do Do 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 
Berryman G Wells Elected Capt 12th May, 1832 John Brown Elect first Lieutenant 
May 12 Jonus B. Carter— Elected 2nd Lieutenant May 12th 1832 

Non commissioned officers appointed the same day 

Took up the lines of March from Wayne county first June 

Musterd into the U S Service 16 June 1832 

We have drawn Eight days travlLng rations & all officers have drawn but one ration 
in kind each day but one half bushel of corn each drawn as forage for horses during 
the campaign 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Berryman 
G. Wells Company Third Reg't first Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Berryman G Wells Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this 13th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 3rd. Reg't 1st Brigade by order of Brigr. Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, im. The Recapitulation, which is in- 
complete, and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 
are omitted here. The fourth and fifth col- 



umns state that the company was enrolled 
June 16 for 90 days. Under the heading 
"Pay," the sixth column has the entry, "No 



Third Regiment, First Brigade, Third Army 



285 



pay made." The eighth column lists those 
men present at the muster-out. One man. 
Thomas Phelps, No. 26, is not listed present, 
and the roll has no explanation for his ab- 
sence. The roll printed in Elliott, 20-21, 
states that he was "absent by leave Aug. 3 ; 
one horse, etc., lost." Enoch Shoemake, listed 
present as No. 29 on the IHi roll, is marked 
by Elliott as "absent by leave Aug. 3 ; one 
horse lost." The only name spelled differently 
in the eighth column is that of No. 31, given 
as Job Stephens. 



The tenth column, 
blank. 



'Inspection Remarks," is 



1 In addition to transposing the privates' first 
and last names. Wells also transposed the 
first name and middle initial. The roster in 
Elliott, 21, shows that Robert Gates, not 
Robert D. Gates, as given here, lost a horse. 

2 According to the company roster in Elliott, 
Phelps was absent at the muster-out ; see 
the source note above. 

3 Shoemake was absent according to the 
roster in Elliott, 21, which gives his name 
as Shoemaker ; see the source note above. 



Spy Battalion, First Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & Staff officers of the odd Battalion of Spies of the first 
Brigade Illinois Mounted VoUenteers Called into the service of the U S by the Governor 
of said state, by his order of the 15th. May 1832 from the date of there Enrolment 
to the 15th. day of August 1832 the time of there mustiring out of service 



No 



Names 



Rank 



County 



Remarks 



John Dement 


Maj 


Franklin 


Jessee M. Wade 


Agt 


Marion 


Stinson H. Anderson 


Sergt Maj 


Jefferson 


Zadoc Casey 


pay Master 


" " 


Benjamin W. Pope 


Q Master 


Franklin 


Lewis Herald 


Q M Sergt 


" " 


E S. Frazier 


Sergon 


Marion 


Trice C. Barby 


Sergons Mate 


u u 


Young Barby 


Hospital Stuart 


" " 



Resigned 2d. July 1832 
Absent (Supposed to be furloughed) 
Lost 1 horse) appraised to $75.00 
Absent (on furlough) dated 2d. July 1832 
1 horse wounded in battle apprai $90 
Absent (Supposed to be furloughed) 
Absent (Supposed to be furloughed) 
Absent (Supposed to be furloughed 



Note the field and staff officers in the above Roll severly furnished at there own ex- 
pence the number of days rations anexed to there respective names when they left 
home to enter the service of the U S. They have drawn but one single ration in kind 
per day during the whole Campaign, and but one half Bushel corn each as forage for 
the same term of time. 

I Certify on honor that this muster roll exhibits the true state of the field & staff 
officers of the odd Battalion of Spies of the 1st. Brigad 111 Mounted VoUenteers in 
the service of the United States the period herein mentioned. That the remarks set 
opposite the names of each officer are acurate and just. 

James Bowman Snr Capt odd Bat Spies 1st Brig Ills Mt. Vol 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the within Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 15th day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the United 
States the within mentioned officers by order of Brig Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9 are 
omitted here. The fourth, fifth, and sixth 
state that the staff was enrolled June 17 for 
90 days and was entitled to pay from the 
time of enrollment. The eighth column lists 
three men present at the muster-out: Stinson 



H. Anderson, Trice C. Barby, and Young 
Barby. (The correct spelling of the last two 
names is probably Barbae.) The ninth col- 
umn shows that each staff member furnished 
himself with traveling rations for eight days. 



Spy Battalion, First Brigade, Third Army 



287 



IHi also has an incomplete, undated muster- 
ing-in roll signed by E. C. Berry. The only 
name on the roll is that of Dement (spelled 
"Demint"). 

The three companies composing the Spy Bat- 
talion — those of Capts. James Bowman, Wil- 



liam J. Stephenson, and William N. Dob- 
bins — were originally in the 1st, 2d, and 3d 
Regiments, respectively. (See Posey to Atkin- 
son, June 24, 1832, the rolls of detachments 
commanded by Green Depriest and James 
G. Corder, and n. 5 on the roll of Stephen- 
son's company.) 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES BOWMAN 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain James Bowmans Company, Odd Bat of Spies, First 
Brigade Illinois Mounted Volenteers called into the service of the United States on 
the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated I\Iay 15th 
1832. 



No. 


,1 NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 


1 


James Bowman 


Captain 


Jeffersom 




1 


F. S. Casey 


1st Liu 


same 


Furlough'd August 7th 1832 


2 


Green Depriest 


2ndLt 


same 


supposed to be discharged august 3rd. 


1 


Stephen G Hicks 


1st Sergent 


same 


Furlough'd July 17th 1832 


2 


Eli D Anderson 


2nd 


same 




3 


John R Saterfield 


3rd 


same 


supposed to be discharged augus 12th 


4 


Littleton Daniel 


4th. 


same 


same same 


1 


George Bullock 


1 Carparl 


same 




2 


James Bullock 


2ndC 


same 




3 


Isaac S Casey 


3rd 


same 


Fiu-loughed 7th August 1832 


4 


Isaac C Depriest 


4th 


same 


Fm-lough'd August 3rd. 1832 


1 


Atchison Washington 


Private 


same 


supposed to be Dischgd August 3rd 


2 


Atchison Ignatius 


same 


same 


same same 


3 


Bingeman William 


same 


same 


same same 


4 


Bradford Joseph 


same 


same 


same same 


5 


Bruce Marcus D 


same 


same 


same same 


6 


Buffington Phillip C 


same 


same 


same same 


7 


Baugh John^ 


same 


same 


[" " ] 


8 


Carpenter Saml. W. 


Same 


same 




9 


Darnall John 


same 


same 


supposed to Discharged august 3rd. 


10 


Deweze William 


same 


same 


same same 


11 


Elkin Gazay 


same 


same 




12 


Elkin Robert 


same 


same 




13 


Faulkenbry Isaac 


same 


same 




14 


Gastin Wm. D 


same 


same 


sick in tent 


15 


Holder Willis B 


same 


same 




16 


Ham James 


same 


same 




17 


Harlow Joel 


same 


same 




18 


Isam John 


same 


same 


Furlough'd august 7th 1832 


19 


Kitrel David 


same 


same 


suppos'd dischargd august 3rd 1832 


20 


Martin [:\Iastin ? ] James C 


same 


same 


supposed discharged Augst. 12th 1832 


21 


Miner James F 


same 


same 


supposd discharged Augs. 3rd. 1832 


22 


McBrien John E 


same 


same 




23 


Newby Hezikiah B 


same 


same 


supposed to be discharged August 



12th 1832 



288 



PAET TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 


.1 iV^iW£'5. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 


24 


Owens Joshua 


same 


same 


supposed to be Furloughed august 
12th 


25 


Owens Peter 


same 


same 


same same 


26 


Parish Wi[o]tt 


same 


same 


[ " "1 


27 


Pace George W 


same 


same 


Fiu-loughed July 10th 1832 to take 
wounded man viz M. Randoph [?]» 


28 


Rhea James 


same 


same 




29 


Rejmolds Jacob 


same 


same 


supposed to be discharged August 
12th. 


30 


Tomison William 


same 


same 


same 


31 


Hays William B 


same 


same 


Furlough'd August 6th 1832. 




Dead 








1 


James Black 


same 


same 


Killed at Kellogs grove June 25th 1832 


2 


James B Bond 


sflme 


same 


same same 


3 


Abner Bradford 


same 


same 


same same 


4 


Robert Me[e]k 


same 


same 


same same 


5 


William Allen 


same 


same 


same same 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

Organized the Company 28 May 1832 

March'd June 1st for Henipen 

12 Horses Killed at Kellogs grove June 25th 1832 

8 Wounded Do 

5 Missing at do do 

4 Wounded at Recovered 

Mustered in to service June 17th 1832 

Drew only one half Bs. of corn pr Horse since mu[s]terd into service 

drew only one Ration for self pr day while in service 

Furnished 8 days Ration each to Springfield 

Drew August 15th 1832 10 days Rations to travel Hone 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. James 
Bowman Company of Spies Odd Bat. First Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service 
of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite 
the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation 
exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

James Bowman Capt Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this 16th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the Spy Battn. First Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. Coliuans 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 and 
the incomplete Recapitulation are omitted 



here. Columns 4, 5, and 6 show that the 
company was enrolled June 16, 1832, for 



Spy Battalion, First Brigade, Third Army 



289 



90 days and was entitled to pay from the 
time of enrollment. The eighth cohinin lists 
those present at the muster-out ; absentees 
can be determined from the remarks except 
in the case of Pvts. 7 and 26, John Baugh 
and Wyatt Parish. Baugh is not listed pres- 
ent, but there is no explanation on the roll 
for his absence. The roster printed in Elliott, 
23-24, states that he was supposed to have 
been discharged Aug. 3. Parish was mus- 
tered out on Aug. 12 in Capt. John Bays's 
detachment. The tenth column, "Inspection 
Remarks," is blank. 

Tlie Elliott roll includes three privates not 
given here. They are Stinson H. Anderson 
(given in Elliott as "H. S. Anderson") and 
Zadoc Casey ("Zadock Casey" in Elliott), 
both of whom were promoted to the battalion 
staff, and Marcus Randolph, "Wounded at 
Kellogg's Grove; furl'd June [July] 10." 
Randolph's name is included in the group 
of men kUled in the battle, although the 
remark belies the grouping; see n. 3 below. 

For the nine men from this company who 



were mustered out Aug. 12, see the roll of 
Capt. John Bays's detachment. The thirteen 
men "supposed discharged" Aug. 3 were 
actually discharged Aug. 2. They were mus- 
tered out in a detachment commanded by Lt. 
Green Depriest of this company. 

1 The numbering of privates in the original 
roll, which omitted No. 10, has been cor- 
rected in this transcript. 

2 The "Names Present" column omits Baugh's 
name, although there is no remark to ex- 
plain his absence. Elliott, 23, says that he 
was supposed to have been discharged Aug. 
3. He was discharged in Lt. Green Depriests 
detaclunent. 

3 See the source note above ; since Marcus 
Randolph was wounded at Kellogg's Grove 
June 25 and furloughed July 10, it seems 
logical to assume that Pace was furloughed 
to take him home. The remark on the roll 
in Elliott, 24, saj-s merely that Pace was 
furloughed "to care for wounded." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM N. DOBBINS 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain William N. Dobbins Company, Spy Battalion, first 
Brigade, Illinois Mounted Volunters called into the service of the United States on 
the requisition of Gen. by the Governor's proclamation, dated April 19th 1832. 



No. NAMES. 

{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. Due 

Sutler 



REMARKS. 



1 Dobbins William N 

1 Yoacam Steven 

2 Gray James 

1 Draper John F 

2 Ray Alford 

3 Hull Samuel 

4 Myres Daniel 

1 Farthing Hamilton 

2 Hadden William B 

3 Booth Willias T 

4 Gray Joseph 

1 Allen Benjamin 

2 Allen John 



Capt 


Marion Co 


1 Lieu- 
tinen 

2 Do 


Do 
Do 


1 Sergent 


Do 


2 Do 

3 Do 


Do 
Do 


4 Do 
ICopl 
2 Do 


Do 
Do 
Do 


3 Do 

4 Do 


Do 
Do 


Privets 
Do 


Do 
Do 



8.00 Horse wounded not fit fer servise 
one Rifle Gun 
Lost 1 US Holter [halter] 

On furlow August 11th Hor[s]e 
Kiled 
12.00 Absent by lieve August 11th Horse 
Lost Lost 1 US Holter 

absent by lieve of Col Leech August 

nth 



3.50 



1.75 



8.00 



8.00 



Lost 1 US Holter Hores KUd 
Absent by lieve of Genl Aetkenson 

on fui-low August 4th 
Lost 1 US Halter 
absent by lieve of Col Leech August 

nth Horse Killed 
lost 1 US h[a]lter 
absent by lieve on furlough August 

12th 



290 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 


NAMES. 


RANK 


. COUNTY. 


Di 


lie 


REMARKS. 




{Privates in Alpha- 






Sutler 






betical order.) 












3 


Allman David W 


Do 


Do 






absent by lieve Horse lost 


4 


Barbee Youg P » 


Do 


Do 






Horse lost 


5 


Chandler Willas 


Do 


Do 






Absent by lieve August 11th 
Horse Kiled 


6 


Eagan John 


Do 


Do 








7 


Barbee Trice G^ 


Do 


Do 






Promoted June 17th 


7 


Farmer William 


Do 


Do 








8 


Gray William 


Do 


Do 








9 


Hill William 


Do 


Do 








10 


Holland James 


Do 


Do 


4. 


75 


absent by lieve August 11th lost 
1 US Holter 


11 


Jones John F 


Do 


Do 


5, 


.00 


Absent by lieve August 12th 


12 


Lovel James 


Do 


Do 






Absent lieve August 11th Horse 
Kiled 


13 


Livingston Henry M 


Do 


Do 


2, 


.25 


Horse Lost 


14 


McGuire John 


Do 


Do 






lost 1 U S Holter 


15 


McGee William C 


Do 


Do 


2. 


,00 




16 


Mabry Dudly H 


Do 


Do 


2, 


.00 


Horse kiled 1 Rifle Gun 


17 


Marshl William 


Do 


Do 






absent 4th August by lieve of Genl 
Aetkinson 1 US Holoter lost 


18 


Nelms Noflet B 


Do 


Do 






Absent by lieve August 11th Horse 
kiled 


19 


Piles Calven 


Do 


Do 






Horse Kiled lost 1 US holter 


20 


Phelps Zadoc 


Do 


Do 






Horse Kiled Lost 1 US holter 


21 


Phe[l]ps John 


Do 


Do 






Absent by lieve July 20th 


22 


Richison James J 


Do 


Do 


2 


— 


lost 1 US Holter 


23 


Sterges Jessee 


Do 


Do 


8 


— 


Absent by lieve August 11th 


24 


Simpson Bird M 


Do 


[Do] 






Absent by lieve August 12th horse 
killed 


25 


Uhls John B 


Do 


Do 






Absent by lieve Augst 11th Horse 
Kiled 


26 


Warren Asa 


Do 


Do 






Absent by li[e]ve of Gen Atkison 
August 4th 


27 


McDannel Henry 


Do 


Do 








28 


Wrigh[t] Leven 


Do 


Do 


2 




Absent by lieve August 11th Hors 
Kild Lost 1 US Holter 




Discharged 




IMusterd out of Service under Lieutennant Depriest 










August 3rd. 1832 2 


1 


Craig William 


Private 


Do 






lost 4 Holters Hores Wounded 


2 


Craig Samuel 


Do 


Do 






Lost 1 US Camp Kettle 


3 


Gaston William 


Do 


Do 






Lost 1 US Coffee pot Horse Kiled 


4 


Dunkin Green B 


Do 


Do 






Lost 1 US Coffee pot Horse Kiled 


5 


Young Edward 


Do 


Do 






Hores Kild 


6 


Hutchison Wm. G 


Do 


Do 






Horse Killed 


7 


Hays Samuel H 


Do 


Do 






Lost 1 US fryuig pann 


8 


King Wilia 


Do 


Do 








9 


King William 


Do 


Do 






Lost 1 US Camp Kettle Hors Kild 


10 


Fields Green 


Do 


Do 






Lost 1 US frying pann 


11 


Fields Nathan 


Do 


Do 









Spy Battalion, First Brigade, Third Army 



291 



No. NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


COUNTY. 


Due 

Sutler 


REMARKS. 


12 Williams James 

13 Smith Willas 

14 Smith John F 


Do 
Do 
Do 


Do 
Do 
Do 




Horse Kiled 
Horse Kiled 



Officers have Drawn One Ration per 
in time of Service 

One half Bushel of corn in tine of 
Service 

6 Days Rations to Gow home 

RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

Organised the Company in Marion County May 4th 1832, 
Took up line of March June 1st for fort Willborn with 8 Ration 

14 Horses Kild in Battle at Kelloggs Grove June 25th 

6 Horses Wounded in Battle at Kelloggs Grove June 25th 

3 Tacan by the Indians time of Battle at Kellogs Grove Jun 25 

Musterd in to Service at Fort Willborn June 17th 

James Eagan left Sick at Fort Willborn June 20th to be dischargd by Gene[r]al 

Aetkinson 
Isaac Coppell & \ left at fort Willborn on the acount of th[e]re horses being lost to 
William Howel ) be discharg by Genl Aetkinson June 20th 

I CER.TIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. William 
N Dobbins Company 111 Mounted Volunteers Spy Batt Brigade, Illinois Volunteers 
in the service of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" 
set opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the 
Recapitulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

William N Dobbins Commanding the Company. 
James Holland &- \ 
Jesse Sterges \ Horses were Valued in my Name 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this 16th. day cf August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the Spy Battn. 1st. Brigade by order of Brig. Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. Omitted here are the Recapitula- 
tion, which is incomplete, and Columns 4, 
5, 6, 9, and 11. Columns 4, 5, and 6 show 
that the company was enrolled June 16 for 
90 days and was entitled to pay from the 
time of enrollment. The ninth column lists 
those present at the muster-out; absentees 
can be determined from the remarks. Names 
spelled differently in the ninth column are 
those of 2d Sgt. Alfred Ray, 3d Corp. Wil- 
liam T. Booth, and Pvts. 4, Young P. Bar- 
bee, and 27, Henry McDonnel. The eleventh 
column, "Inspection Remarks," is blank. 



According to Marion Countxj (1909), 63, the 
original officers of the company were Dob- 
bin.?, captain; Dr. E. S. Frazier, 1st lieu- 
tenant; and Stephen Yokum (so spelled), 
2d lieutenant. Jesse M. Wade, later of the 
Spy Battalion staff, was orderly sergeant of 
the company. Frazier also transferred to the 
staff. 

iThe roster printed in Elliott, 22-23, has 
the following certificate, signed by Dobbins, 
relative to Young Barbee's service: "I certify 
that Young Burbee, a private of my com- 



292 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



pany, was detailed as Hospital Steward, and 
served out his full term, and was mustered 
out on the field and staff muster roll of the 
Spy Battalion." 

Neither Young nor Trice Barbee is included 
in the Elliott roster. Both names were lined 
through on the original of the transcript 
printed above. 



2 Lt. Green Depriest's detacliment, in which 
these men were discharged, was mustered out 
of service on Aug. 2. David R. Chance of 
Marion County, quartermaster of the 3d Regi- 
ment, was listed with the men from Dob- 
bins's company on the detachment roll. Since 
that company was the only Marion County 
unit in service, it seems likely that Chance 
was originally a member of the company. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM J. STEPHENSON 

Muster-RoU of Capt William J Stephenson's Company of Mounted Volunteers called 
into the service of the United States by the Govenour of the State of Illinois by his 
order of the 15th day of May 1832 from the date of its enrolment to the 7th day of 
August 1832 when mustered out of service 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Amt. due 
Sutler 



Remarks 



1 William J Stephenson Capt 



$38.75 



2 Tramel Ewing 

3 John P Maddox 

4 Anderson P Corder 

5 Henry Hays 

6 John T Knox 

7 Thomas Provence 

8 Michael Rawlings 

9 Walter B Scates 



10 Nathaniel Jones 

11 Anderson P Farriss 



12 Hezekiah Garrett 



13 Benjamin Talbott 

14 Robert Garrett 

15 Benjamin F Hickman 

16 William Gassaway 



17 WilHam P Maddox 



18 Thomas Knox 

19 Moses Neal 



2nd Lieut $11.50 
1st Serjt $ 4.50 

2nd Do $ 5.00 



3rd Do 



$19.00 



4th Do $13.00 

1st Corporal $ 6.50 

2nd Do $22.50 

Musician $ 



Gray-mare lost in service (runn 
away or stolen by the enemy 
— appraised at $65.00) who 
had 2 horses in service^ 

Absent on furlough* 

Absent on furlough 

Lost Blanket in Battle ap- 
praised to $2 . 00 

Lost Horse & equipage in Bat- 
tle appraised to $66.37 J/^ 

On duty at Apple-River fort 



Lost Blanket & accourtrements 
in Battle, (appraised to 
$6.00) 



Private 


$15.00 




Do 


$ 8.25 


Lost Horse, arms & Blanket in 
Battle appraised to $84.50. 


Do 


$ 8.25 


Absent on furlough (Lost Horse 
& equipage in in Battle ap- 
praised to $71.95 


Do 




Absent on fiu-lough or dis- 
charged at Ft Wilborne 


Do 




Absent on furlough 


Do 




Appointed the Govenour's aid 
17th June 1832 


Do 




Absent on furlough. Lost Horse 
& equipage in Battle ap- 
praised to $122.87H 


Do 


$ 3.50 


Lost Horse & equipage in Bat- 
tle appraised to $36.35 


Do 


$15.00 





Do 



Appointed Q. M. Serjt of 2nd 
Regt & 1st Brigade Ills Mtd 
Voluntrs 



Spy Battalion, First Brigade, Third Army 



293 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Amt. due 
Sutler 



Remarks 



20 


John Hays 


Do 




21 
22 
23 
24 


Benjamin W Pope 
William A Hubbard 
H M Silkwood 
Lewis Hillen 


Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 


$15.50 
$12.00 
$15.50 


25 


Andrew MUler 


Do 


$ 3.25 


26 


Elisha Eubanks 


Do 




27 
28 
29 
30 


Henry Rotramel 
Larkin Lynch 
John Bobbitt 
Harvey Swafford 


Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 


$17,121^ 
$17.50 
$ 7.50 
$25.00 


31 
32 
33 


Andrew Robertson 
Ezekiel Rawlings 
Wilson Rea 


Do 
Do 
Do 





34 Josiah B Denning* 



Do 



Bridle in Battle appraised to 

$1.50 
Absent on furlough 

Absent on furlough 

Lost Blanket in Battle (ap- 
praised to $2.50 

Blanket in Battle appraised to 
$2.. 50 

Discharged at Ft WUborne 
[ANS:] (by Genl Atkinson 
to receive full pay. — A. 
Phillips see discharge 

Absent on furlough 

Absent on furlough 

Blanket in Battle appraised to 

$2.50 
Absent on furlough 
On duty at Apple-River fort 
Discharged at fort WUborne by 

Genl. Atkinson to receive full 

pay see discharge.' 
Absent on furlough Lost Tom- 

ahaw in Battle apprsd to 

$1.00 



I certify on honour that this Muster-Roll exhibits the true state of the company 
under my command; and that the remarks set opposite the name of each officer and 
solider, are accurate and Just. 

Wm. J. Stephenson Capt. of the 2nd Regt' 
1st Brigade Ills Mounted Volunteers 

[NS] 
Dixons Ferry August 7, 1832 
Mustered out of service by me, by order of Major-Genl. Scott, Comg N. W. Army. 

Z. C. Palmer Capt 6. U States Infy comg. post 



DS, DNA. Columns 4 through 9, omitted 
here, supply the following information : Com- 
pany members were from Franklin County 
and were enrolled June 16, 1832, for a 
period of 90 days. Pay was due each man 
from the time of enrollment. Those present 
at the muster-out drew seven traveling ra- 
tions. The names of the men present are 
given in the seventh column ; absentees are 
indicated by the remarks. 

In addition to the thirty-four men on the 
above roll, the company originally included 



one man who transferred to Capt. George 
P. Bowyer's compan\ — Aaron Neal — and 
twenty others who were mustered out Aug. 
2 in Lt. James G. Corder's detachment. The 
detachment members are listed on the roll 
at the end of the 3d Army section. 

A supplementary receipt roll for this com- 
pany, dated July 10, 1834, and showing total 
pay of $323.03 (the correct total is $332.23), 
is in DNA — IHi has photostat. That roll has 
account number 18797 of Pa.vmaster W. S. 
Harney. Apparently the 1st Brigade com- 



294 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



panies, originally paid by Asher Phillips, 
were not allowed compensation for days at 
the rendezvous before muster into U.S. serv- 
ice. Since other paymasters did allow such 
compensation, this supplementary payment 
for the 1st Brigade was necessary. The pay- 
ment to privates amounted to $5.23 — $1.33 
base pay (one fifth of the monthly $6.66 
basic salary), $2.40 for use of horse and 
arms ($.40 per day for 6 days), and $1.50 
for rations and forage (the usual $.25 per 
day allowance for 6 days). 

1 On the next line in the "Remarks" column 
is the following statement: "Lost Horse & 
equipage in Battle (appraised to $112.50 
(i e Tramel Ewing." The statement is di- 
rectly opposite Stephenson's name although 
it refers to Ewing. 

2 See n. 1 above. 



3 Beginning with the phrase "by General At- 
kinson," the remark is in the handwriting of 
Asher Phillips, the U.S. paymaster who paid 
the companies of Posey's 1st Brigade. 

4 It is possible that this man was the Josiah 
Denning who became paymaster of the 2d 
Regiment. Since the position of paymaster 
was a nominal one, most paymasters re- 
mained on duty with their companies. The 
musteringout roll of the 2d Regiment staff 
shows that Denning had been sent home 
earlier with the wounded men. 

5 Although Stephenson's company was origi- 
nally part of the 2d Regiment, it was trans- 
ferred to the 1st Brigade Spy Battalion when 
that unit was created; see Posey to Atkinson, 
June 24, 1832, and Dement to Russell, Dec. 
16, 1833, quoted in the source note to De- 
ment's June 26, 1832, report of the battle 
at Kellogg's Grove. 



Staff Officers of the Second Brigade, Third Army 



Muster roll of the General and Staff of the second Brigade of Illinois mounted volun- 
teers employed in the service of the United States (on the requisition of Brig. Genl. 
Atkinson) by order of the Governor and commander in chief of the State of Illinois, 
from the 15th. day of June A.D. 1832 to the 15th. day of August A.D. 1832. 



Names 



Rank 



Place of 

ressidence 



Remarks 



Milton K. Alexander 
William B. Archer 
Alexander M. Houston 



Brig. Genl. 

Aid De camp 

Do 



Edgar Co. Ill 
Clark Co. Ill 
Crawford Co. 
Ill 



Stephen B. Shellody Brig. Insp. Edgar Co. Ill 



Horse lost. 

Volunteer Aid De Camp. Cap- 
tain Houston performed 
duty as extra Aid De Camp 
up to the 9th. of Augt. 1832 
at which time he took com- 
mand of his company. 



Henry G. Smith 



Brig. Qr. Mr. 



Do Do 



I certify on honor that this roll exhibits the true state of the Staff of Brigadier General 
M. K. Alexander commanding the second Brigade of Illinois mounted volunteers for 
the period therein mentioned and that the rem^arks set opposite the name of each 
officer are accurate and just 

Dixon's Ferry Rock river 15 Augt. 1832. W. B. Archer Aid De Camp 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the within Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 15th. day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the United 
States by order of Brigr. Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 

[The following statement relative to provisions for the staff was entered in the "Re- 
marks" column of the original roll. It was written and signed by Archer.] 

19 days rations in kind have been drawn by General and Staff, balance of provisions 
drawn on the private account of Genl. Alexander. Two bushels of corn forage for 
horses have been drawn for Genl. and Staff, }4 bu. each at Fort Wilbourn, no more 
forage was ever drawn during the campaign. 



295 



296 



PAET TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Rations drawn at Dixon's Ferry to return home, viz. 

Genl. Alexander 16 rations of bread. 

S. B. Shellody 8 rations of bread and bacon. 

W. B. Archer 10 rations. 

H. G. Smith 10 rations 

Augt. 1832. 



W. B. Archer Aid De Camp 



ADS, IHi. Columns 3. 4, and 5, omitted 
here, show that the staff was commissioned 
June 16, that the place of rendezvous was 
Fort Wilbourn, and that all staff members 
were present at the muster-out. 

IHi has a mustering-in roll for the staff, 
also made out by Archer but signed by "E. 
V. Berry, Adjt & Inspector Genl" at "Fort 
Wilbourne Foot Lower rapids Illinois river" 



on June 19. This roll omits Houston's name 
and gives merely the officers' names, rank, 
date of commission, and place of rendezvous. 
The date of Smith's commission is given as 
June 19; that of the other commissions as 
June 16. 

An unsigned copy of the mustering-in roll, 
in Joshua T. Bradley's handwriting, is in 
IHi: Stevens Coll. 



First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Arvuj 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Redgemental Muster Roll of the Field and Staff Officers of the 1st Redgtment and 
2nd Brigade musterd into the service of the United States under Command of Briga- 
dier General Adkinson 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Residence 



Remarks 



1 James M Blackburn 

2 William Wyatt 

3 James P Jones 

4 David Hanson 

5 John Anglin 

6 Johnston J Pharis 

7 Thos. FHuff 

8 Lenard B Parker 

9 Willis Dougherty 



Col. 
Lt Col 
Major 



Adjutant Coles Cty 111. 

Pay Master Edgar Cty 111. 
Surgeon " " " 

Surgeon mate " " " 

Qr INIaster " " " 

Qr. Mr. Sergt. " " " 



Edgar Cty 111. 

Coles Cty 111. Absent on Furlough from 

Coscanong 10th July 1832 



Resumed commision 18th July 
1832 

absent on Furlough from the 
battel of bad axe august 2nd 
1832 



10 Lunsford R Noel Sergt. Major 



N.B. One half bushel of corn to each Office is all that was drawn as forage during 
the campain, and one ration in Kind drawn per day, one Bay mare and pack lost on 
2 day of August on the battel Ground 44 yds of tentage 1 axe 1 Camp Kettel 2 pans 
&c that was Furnished, by Gel. Adkinson for a pack horse for the first Redjement 
2 Brigade 

I do certify that the above Muster Roll exebits the true State of the field and Staff 
Officers of the 1st Redjment 2 Brigade of 111. Mounted Volunteers under my command 
given under my hand at Dixons on Rock River August 14th 1832 

James M Blackburn Col. 1 Redjt. 2 Bridg Mounted Volunteers 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the within Muster Roll, 
and that I have this 14th day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the 
United States the within mentioned Officers by order of Brigr General Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. Columns 4, 5, and 7 are omitted 
here. They state that the company was 
enrolled on June 15 for 90 days and list 



the staff members present at the muster-out. 
Absentees were Jones, Huff, and Dougherty. 



297 



298 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



IHi also two mustering-in rolls, both signed 
by Adj. Gen. E. C. Berry at the foot of 
the Lower Rapids, Illinois River, June 16, 
1832. Tlie mustering-in rolls give the date 
of commission for all staff officers but Wyatt 
as June 16. Wyatt is said to have been 
commissioned June 18. The place of ren- 
dezvous was Fort Wilbourn. There are no 
remarks on either roll. One roll, in the 



handwTiting of Joshua T. Bradley, has the 

following variations in names: Leonard B. 

Parker, John Anglen, Johnson J. Pharis, 
and Willis Daugherty. 

The other roll has variations in three names, 
David Harrison (instead of Hanson), John- 
son J. Haris (instead of Pharis), and 
Donard (instead of Leonard) B. Parker. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL BRIMBERY 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Samuel Brimberrys company of Mounted Volunteers, 
called and mustered into the service of the United States, by order of the Commander- 
in-chief of the Militia of the State of Illinois, attached to to the 2d Brigade & 1 
Regiment under the command of Brig. General Milton K. Mexander from the 10th. 
day of May 1832, to the day 1832 



No. 



NAMES. 



RANK. 



ENROLMENT. 
DATE OF WHERE 



REMARKS. 



1 Samuel Brimberry 


Captain 


10th of May 
1832 


2 Philip B Smith 


It. Lieuten- 
ant 


" 


3 HaUSims 


2d " 


" 


4 James Adams 


It Sergant 


" 


5 William Craig 


2d " 


" 


6 William Morgan 


3d " 


" 


7 John Morgan 


4t 


a 


8 John Ripple 


It Corporal 


u 


9 George Redmon 


2d " 


" 


10 Peter Casseday 


3d " 


" 


1 1 John Yovmg 


4t 


" 


12 Enoch Redmon 


Private 


" 


13 Elijah Wells 


" 


" 


14 Isaac D Hicks 


« 


" 


15 John S Hicks 


" 


" 


16 John Crist 


« 


" 


17 Jacob Boice 


« 


« 


18 Joseph Clapp 


" 


" 


19 Joseph Andrews 


" 


u 


20 Jeremiah N[V.?] Morgan 


" 


" 


21 John B Casseday 


" 


" 


22 John Anglin 


" 


« 


23 James F Whitney 


« 


u 


24 Isaacc EUidge 


" 


" 


25 Isaac N. Craig 


" 


a 


26 James Walls 


« 


u 


27 JohnFerrell 


« 


" 


28 Moses Anglin 


" 


« 



Paris 



in place of Lunsford R 
Noel Promoted to Ser- 
gent Major 16th. June 
1832. 



Promoted to Pay master 
16 June 1832. 



First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Ar^ny 



299 



No.^ 



NAMES. 



RANK. 



ENROLMENT. 
DATE OF WHERE 



REMARKS. 



Philip Crawnic 
Robert Henson 
Richard Jones 
Robert Craig 
Samuel Williams 
Samuel Barnhill 
Samuel Wells 
Thomas Jones 
Thomas N. Tade 
Thomas Brown 



39 Volentme S Anglin 

40 William Fuell 

41 William Goodman 

42 William James 



43 Alexander Craig 

44 Archibald H. Hicks 

45 Benjamin Bartmess 

46 Duncan M. Charters 

47 David N. Wells 

48 Greenberry Redmon 

49 Henderson Grider 

50 Hardin D Garnett 



Sick & permitted to return 
Untill well from Fort 
Wilburn on the 14th. 
of June 1832 



Sick & permitted to return 
home Untill well from 
Fort Wilburn on the 
14th of June 1832 



I do Certify that this INIuster Roll exhibits the true State of my Company of Mounted 
Volunteers for the period herein Mentioned that the remarks set opposite the Name 
of each Officer and Soldier are correct this 18" day of June 1S32 

Samuel Brimberry Captain Commanding Com. 

[NS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll — and that 
I have this 18" day of June 1832 mustered and minutely inspected the above named 
company 1st. Regt. 2 Brig, of mounted volunteers 

E. C. Berry, Adjt & Inspector Genl 



CD, IHi. Columns 6, 7, and 8 are omitted 
here. The sixth column, "Enrolled who by," 
is blank; the seventh gives the time of 
service as 90 days; and tlie eighth column 
lists all company members as present. Names 
spelled differently in this column are those 
of Kos. 39, Valentine S. Anglin, and 50, 
Harden. D. Garnett. 

The company was mustered out of service 
as two separate units, one under the com- 
mand of the captain and the other under 1st 
Lt. Philip B. Smith. IHi has a mustering-out 
roll of the Smith detachment, made out 
and signed by the lieutenant and counter- 



signed by Lt. Robert Anderson at Dixon on 
August 15. The following list includes the 
twenty-eight names as spelled on the Smith 
roll with the accompanying remarks (note 
that some of the men on this roll were 
actually mustered out with the other group) : 

Philip B. Smith. 

James Adams. 

William Craig, "Ordered to Dixons July 22d. 
1832 and Supposed to have been mus- 
tered out of Service with Capt. Brimbery." 

William Morgan, "Absent by Order of Genl. 
Atkinson and Supposed to have been sent 
home." 



300 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



John Morgan, "Absent by orders of Genl. 
Atkinson & Horse lost August 2d. 1832 
Horse lost & Equipage." 

John Ripple. 

John Young. 

Anglin, Volentine. 

Cronnick, Philip. 

Crist, John. 

Clapp, Joseph. 

Charters, Duncan M. 

Craig, Isaac N., "Ordered to Dixons and 
Supposed to have been mustered out of 
Survice with Capt. S. Brimbery." 

Craig, Robert, "Ordered to Dixons and Sup- 
posed to have been mustered out of Survice 
with Capt. S. Brimbery." 

Craig, Alexander, "Ordered to Dixons and 
Supposed to been mustered out of Survice 
with Capt. S. Brimbery." 

Ferrell, John. 

Fewell, William. 

Goo[d]man, William. 

Grider, Henderson. 

Jones, Richard. 

Janes, Thomas, "Ordered to Dixons and 
Supposed to have been mustered out of 
Survice with Capt S. Brimbery." 

Redmon, Greenbery. 

Wells, Elijah. 

Walls, James. 

Williams, Samuel, "Mare lost. Horse lost 
July 27th. 1832." [Mustered out under 
Capt. Brimbery — see detachment roll. Ed.] 

Wells, David N. 

Henson, Robert. 

EUedge, Isaac, "Absent with leave and Sup- 
posed to be mustered out of Survice with 
Capt S. Brimbery." 

This roll shows that the company was en- 
rolled June 19 instead of June 18, as stated 
above. At the end of the roster are the fol- 
lowing statements regarding the company's 
service : 

N.B. this Company ^cas organized on the 
10th. day of May 1832 and Started from 
Paris Edgar County on the 4th. day of 
June 1832 to Henopen to rendezvous there 
on the 10th. by the Governors order, from 
thence ordered to Wilburn to rendezvous on 
the 15th. day of June 1S32 On the I7th 
June Were formed into regiments. On the 
18th of June formed into a Brigade a>ul on 
the 19th. day of June 1832, mustered in to 
Survice 



drew 10 days travelling rations 

N.B The officer and men of this Company 
have drawn only one ration each per day 
and oiu; half Bushel of Corn forage each 
during the Campaign and rations were 
furnished by each individual from home to 
Henopen on the Illinois river 

IHi also has a photostat of the Smith de- 
tachment roll from DNA. The only substantial 
difference in the body of the two rolls is 
in the remarks following the names of 4th 
Sgt. John Morgan and 1st Corp. John Ripple. 
The DNA roll does not show that Morgan 
lost a horse. The remark, "Horse lost and 
Equipage 2d Augt 1832," follows Ripple's 
name. 

On the back of the DNA roll is Gen. Henry 
Atkinson's AES, "approved. H. Atkinson Br. 
Ge. U.S. ay.," and the following note, in the 
handwriting of Edmund Kirby and signed 
by Brimbery and M. K. Alexander: 

Moses Anglin <£■ Joseph Andrews privates of 
this Company were mustered into the serv- 
ice of the U. States on the [19] June 1832 
— mounted, armed d: equipped — cf- on the 
21st. of June were discharged by Br. Gen. 
Atkinson, being out of health. Their names 
were omitted 07i this muster roll by [ove]r- 
sight (6 they are fully entitled to pay to the 
21. June 1832 

The roU of Brimbery's detachment is printed 
in the last chapter of 3d Army rolls. 

IHi has a photostat (from DNA) of the com- 
pany receipt roll, most of which is in the 
handwriting of William B. Archer, who 
served, by appointment of Governor Reynolds, 
as an assistant to the paj-master. Archer and 
Lt. Jacob Brown, U.S.A., certified that they 
had witnessed payment to company members. 
The roll bears Paymaster Edmund Kirby' s 
voucher number 17653. Total pay for the 
company was $3,407.95; the captain re- 
ceived $218.14; the privates in Smith's com- 
mand received $60.18 and those under 
Brimbery, $69.06. Sgts. William and John 
Morgan were docked $4.00 each for steam- 
boat passage. 

iThis column is blank on the original roll. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ROBERT GRIFFIN 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain Robert Griffens Company, first Regiment, second Bri- 
gade Illenois mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 1832. 



First Regiment, Secoyid Brigade, Third Army 



301 



No. NAMES. 


RANK. 


(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 




Robert Griffen 


Captain 


George Moke 
Wm. N. Redman 


1st Lieut. 
2nd Lieut. 


1 Jessee Raper 

2 George Phillips 


1st. Sergt. 
2nd " 


3 Edmund Minor 


3rd " 


4 George Redman 


4 


1 James McCay 

2 Wm. P. Hicklin 


1st Corporal 
2nd " 


3 Wm H Faulkner 


3rd « 


4 Addison M Quivy 


4th « 


1 Alexander Edmund 


Private 


2 Bryant William 

3 Craig John 

4 Coe James 


" 


5 ClappLevi 

6 Downs Abraham 


" 


7 Davis Samuel 


« 


8 Dick Ferdinand 


" 


9 Elledge WUliam 


" 


10 Fears William 


« 


11 Flack James ■ 


« 


12 Furness John 


« 


13 Harbaugh Jacob 

14 Hensley George W 

15 Green William 


: 


16 Flood William 


" 


17 Lacken Tobias J. 


« 


18 Lamb Arthur 


" 


19 May William 

20 Martin Moses 


" 


21 Noble Jonathan B. 


« 


22 Owsley Henry 

23 Patterson Jonathan 


« 


24 Bucket John 


« 


25 Parish James 


« 


26 Rockhold Ezekiel 


« 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Edgar 2 buckets lost one Ax sent from mud 

Lake to Dixson 
" 1 halter lost in the march 

" detailed to Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 

" detailed to Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 
" absent with leave 

" absent with leave supposed to be 

discharged 

" absent with leave One horse lost 

" absent with leave supposed to be 

discharged 
" absent without leave supposed to be 

discharged 

" horse & Equipage lost at Fort Wilburn 

Vermilion detailed to Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 
Edgar 

" absent without leave 1 frying pan 

taken off with him 
" Furlough 

" detailed to Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 
" detailed to Fort Hamilton to hunt 

horses 
" one camp kettle lost in a forced march 

" Furlough 

" detailed to Dixons one horse lost 

" Furlough 

" Equipage lost 



Horse & Equipage lost 
left at Fort Wilburn sick 



detailed to Fort Dixon One horse & 

Equipage lost 
detailed to Dixon supposed to be 

discharged 
detailed to Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 
horse & Equipage lost 



302 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



27 Stewart Joseph H 

28 Sizemore Martin 

29 Southerland Richard B. 

30 Snyder William 

31 Smith Samuel 

32 Tennery James H. 

33 Tennery Patrick C. 

34 TadeJohn 

35 Thompson John S. 

36 Wayne George W. 

37 Wright Joseph 

38 Jones Thomas 



39 



detailed t[o] Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 
absent without leave 

horse & Equipage lost 
horse & Equipage lost 



detailed to Dixons supposed to be 

discharged 
absent without leave 



"Discharged' 
Wm. Darnel 



Private 



" absent without leave supposed to be 

discharged 

" horse & equipage lost discharged on 

surgeons certificate 

NB The officers & men of this company have drawn only one ration each per day 
and one half Bushel of Corn forage each during the campaign and rations were fur- 
nished by each individual from home to Henopen on the Illenois river. 

RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

NB This company was Organized on the lOh day of May 1832 and started from Paris 
Edgar County on the 4h. day of June 1832 to Henopen to rendezvous there on the 
lOh by the Govenors orders from thence ordered to Wilburn to rendezvous on the 15h. 
day of June 1832 on the 17h June were formed into regiments on the 18h. June formed 
into a Brigade and on the 19h. daj' of June 1832 mustered into service. 

drew ten days traveling rations 

I CEPlTIFY, 071 honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Griffen 
Company first Reg't second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the United 
States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names of 
each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitidation exhibits, in 
every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Robt. Griffin Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this 15th day of August 183S, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 1st. RegH 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS. IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. The 
fourth and fifth columns show that the 
company was enrolled June 19, 1832, for 
90 days. The eighth column lists those men 
present at the muster-out; absentees can 



be determined by the remarks. The sixth and 
tenth columns, "Pay" and "Inspection Re- 
marks," are blank. 

The Recapitulation gives the total company 
strength as 50 men, of whom 26 were pres- 



First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Armij 



303 



ent at the muster-out. Of the remainder, 15 
were on detached service, 3 were on fur- 
lough, one was left sick at Fort Wilbourn, 
and 5 were absent without leave. 

All those absent at the mu.ster-out except the 
three on furlough (Pvts. 7, Samuel Davis; 
11, James Flack; and 13, Jacob Ilarbaugh) 
were discharged in Capt. Samuel Brimbcry's 
detachment. 

IHi also has the company's mustering-in roll, 
also signed by Griffin and bearing a certificate 
of inspection signed by E. C. Berry on June 
18. This roll gives the place of enrollment 
as "Grand View Ills" and the date of en- 
rollment as May 10. Henry G. Smith, who 



enrolled as a private in this company, was 
"Promoted to quartermaster the 16th June 
1832" and is not included in the mustering- 
out roll. Names spelled differently on the 
June 18 roll are those of Capt. Robert 
Griffin; 2d Lt. William N. Redmon ; Sgts. 
Jesse Raper, Edmund Miner, and George 
Redmon; Corps. James McKey, William H. 
Forkner, and Adderson M. Quvey; and Pvts. 
7, Simon Daviss; 8, Furdinand Dick; 10, 
William Feares ; 12, John Furnace; 17, To- 
bias J. Lycan; 25, James W. Parrish; 28, 
Martin Sisemore; 29, Richard B. Suthar- 
land; 30, William Snider; 32, James H. 
Tenry; 33, Patrick C. Tenry; 36, George 
W. Wayn; and 39, William Darnol. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JONATHAN MAYO 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Jonathan Mayo's Company, first Regiment, Second Bri- 
gade Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 1832. 



No 


NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY. REMARKS. 




(Privates in Alpha- 










betical order.) 








1 


Jonathan INIayo Capt 


Capt 


Edgar 




1 


Edward Y Russell 
1 Lieut 


1 Lieut 




Absent with leave 4th Augt 1832 


2 


John S McConkey 
2nd Lieut 


2nd Lieut 








Leonard W Parker 


1 Serjt 




appointed quarter master 19th 




1 Serjt 






June 1832 


1 


James Buchanon 2nd 


2 Do 




appointed first serjeant 19th 
June 1832 


2 


David Crozi^r 3 


3 Do 




appointed 2nd Serjeant 19th 
June 1832 


3 


Daniel Spencer 4th 


4 Do 




horse &c. lost 


4 


Joseph G Barcley 






Appointed 4th Serjeant 19th 
June 1832 


1 


Simon Cammerer Is 


1 Corporal 






2 


Tracy Wheeler 


2nd Do 






3 


James Bailey 


3rd Do 




Ordered to Dixons & supposed 



4 William N Shaw 

1 Alexander Washington 

2 Bradley John C 

3 Burch Newell 

4 Bond William 

5 Basford Jonathan S 

6 Center Willard 

7 Dezar George 



4th Do 



private 



to be discharged 
appointed 4th corporal 19th 
June 1832 

horse lost 

horse lost & supposed to be dis- 
charged 

two horses lost & supposed to 
be discharged 

Supposed to be discharged 



304 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. NAMES. RANK. COUNTY. REMARKS. 


(Privates in Alpha- 




betical order.) 




8 Dill John 




9 DillMUtonM 


Supposed to be discharged 


10 Daughetter [Dohhette] Thomas H 




11 Elder Hugh M 




12 Evans Thomas 




13 Huff Calvin H 


Absent with leave 8th July 


14 Hobbs Thomas 


Absent with leave 4th August 




1832 


15 Hobbs Enos 


Absent with leave 4th August 




1832 


16 Jones Samuel 




17 Lowry Reuben 


horse lost 


18 Lycan Jacob G 




19 Morgan Wells 




20 Martin Enos 




21 Morgan Thomas 




22 Montgomery Alexander 


Supposed to be discharged 


23 Matthews John 




24 Pence Emanuel 




25 Phillips William 




26 Pinson Thomas 


absent with leave 4th August 




1832 


27 Rhea Robert M 




28 Rice Hawkins 




29 Rice Lewis 




30 Scott Daniel 




31 Summervill John 




32 Sprague Harrison 


Supposed to be discharged 


33 Scott Matthew R 




34 Scott Joseph 




35 Sumpter Abraham 


horse lost & supposed to be dis- 




charged 


36 Sumpter Alexander 


horse lost 


37 Trimble Green C 




38 Vance William B 




39 Vance Joseph 




40 Wilson John 


horse lost 


41 Wyatt Augustus B 




42 Welch Isaiah 


Rifle bursted 


43 Welch Abraham 




44 Whalen Patrick 


Absent with leave 4 August 1832 



Resigned Leonard B Parker 1st Serjeant resigned on the 19th of June 1832 and promoted 

to quartermaster 
Transfered William Whitley transfered to Surgeons 



Steward 19th of June 1832 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

The officers and men of this company have drawn only one ration per day each and 
one half bushel of corn forage each dureing the campaign and rations were furnished 
by each individual from Edgar County to Hennipin 

J Mayo Capt 



First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Ariny 



305 



This company was organized at Paris on the 10th day of May 1832 took up the line 
of march to Hennipin the place ordered to rendevous at on the 4th day of June 1832 
and arrived there on the 11th day of June & was mustered into the U. S. service at 
Wilboiu-n on the 19th of June 1832 

ten days travelling rations are required 8 drawn 2 to be drawn 

J Mayo Capt 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Jonathan 
Mayo's Company first Reg't Second Brigade, Illinois Vounteers in the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Jonanathan Mayo Capt Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this fifteenth day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 1st. Reg't 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. The 
fourth and tifth columns show that the com- 
pany was enrolled in U.S. service June 19 
for 90 days. In the sixth column, headed 
"Pay," is the single entry "none received." 
The eighth column lists those men present at 
the muster-out ; absentees can be determined 
from the remarks. Two names are spelled 
differently in this column, those of Corp. S. 
Camerrer and Pvt. 10, T. H. Doughetter. 
The tenth column, "Inspection Remarks," is 
blank. 

The Recapitulation shows a total company 
strength of fifty-six (William Whitley was 
included in the count, but not Leonard 
Parker). Forty-one , men were present at the 
muster-out, one had transferred, six were 
absent with leave, and eight were "sup- 
posed" to have been discharged. 

A duplicate mustering-out roll from DNA 
(photostat in IHi) has Atkinson's AES : 
"approved. H. Atkinson Br Ge u S [Army]" 
and an additional note signed by Mayo. It 
reads: "William Whittey [Whitley] served 
till the l[9th of] July when he engag[ed] 
in the wagon train. He is entitled to pay 
till July 19, 1832." 

IHi also has the company's mustering-in 
roll, made out and signed by Mayo and 
countersigned by "E. C. Berry, Adjt & 
Inspector GenJ.," on June 19. The following 
seven men listed on the June 19 roll are 
not on the mustering-out roll above : 

William Wyatt, 2d lieutenant, "elected Majr 
[lieutenant colonel] 16th June 1832." 



Johnston J. Phares, private, "appointed 
Surgeon 16th June 1832." 

Thomas F. Huff, private, "appointed Sur- 
geons Mate 16th June 1832." 

Willis Dougherty, private, "appointed Quar- 
ter Master Sergeant 16th June 1832." 

Stephen B. Shelledy, private, "apptd Brigade 
Major June 17th." 

Milton K. Alexander, private, "elected Gen- 
eral 16th June 1832." 

John C. Calvin, private, "Wagoner 4th. June 
1832." 

Other remarks on the June 19 roll follow 
the names of Pvts. William Whitley, "Sur- 
geons Steward 18th June 1832"; John C. 
Bradley, "appointed Ostler to Genl. Alex- 
ander June 18" ; Jacob G. Lycan, "appointed 
Ostler to Capt Mayo June 4th 1832" ; and 
John S. McConkey, "elected 2nd Lieutenant 
16th June 1832."' 

The noncommissioned officers as given on 
the June 19 roll were Sgts. Leonard B. 
Parker, 1st; David Crozier, 2d; James 
Buchanon, 3d ; Daniel Spencer, 4th ; and 
Corps. James Bailey, 1st; Sinon Camarer, 
2d; Tracey Wheeler, 3d; and Joseph C. 
Barcley, 4th. 

Names of privates spelled differently on the 
June 19 roll: Newel Burch, Thomas H. 
Dougherty, John Summerville, and Patrick 
\\lieelan. 

The nuistering-in roll shows that all but 
two of the men enrolled at Paris, Edgar 
County, on May 10. John Dill enrolled June 
4 and Washington Alexander, June 16. 



306 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



According to the above roll, eight men were 
supposed to have been discharged earlier. 
One, Abraham Sumpter, or Sumter, was 
mustered out Aug. 2 in Adj. Isaac Parmen- 



ter's detachment, and the seven others were 
mustered out Aug. 3 in Capt. Samuel Brim- 
bery's detachment. 



No. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM B. 

{Later Royal A. Nott's) 



ARCHER 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain Royal A. Nott's Company, first Regiment, second Bri- 
gade of Illinois mounted volunteers called into the service of the United States on 
the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated the 15th. of 
May 1832. This company was organized &c in Clark county May 31, 1832. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Royal A. Nott 

1 Daniel Poorman 

2 George W. Young 



Stephen Archer 
John Fears 
James Lockard 
Oliver C. Lawwill 
William T. INIcLuer 
James Dunlap 



3 Noah Beachamp 

4 John W. Thompson 

1 Archer Jesse K. 

2 Boone Daniel 

3 Burk Samuel 



4 Bostick, William 

5 Berry George 

6 Bennett Thos. F. 

7 Cooper Theophilus 

8 Cowen Joel 

9 Cooper Chalkley J. 



10 Criss Jeremiah 



1 1 Chenoweth Martin L. 

12 De Hart Alexander H 



Captain 

1 Lieut. 

2 Lieut. 



1 Sergeant 

2 Sergt. 

3 Sergt. 

4 Sergt. 

1 Corpl. 

2 Corpl. 

3 Corpl. 

4 Corpl. 

Private 
Do 



Do 



Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 



Do 
Do 



Clark 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 



Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 



Do 
Do 



July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 
since discharge Lost a mixed-colored 
mare 



July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
Lost his mare, Sorrel, saddle, bridle & 

blanket 

Lost his horse sorrel, strayed away & 
saddle & bridle left 

Lost his horse sorrel, strayed away sad- 
dle & bridle left July 21, 1832, 
ordered to Dixon's Ferry, since dis- 
charged 



Lost his horse, a sorrel. 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 
since discharged Lost his mare saddle 
and bridle. Grey. 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 
since discharged. 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 
since discharged 



First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



307 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



13 De Hart Lorenzo D. 



Do 



14 


Davis Alhanan H. 


Do 


15 


Dolson Samuel 


Do 


16 


Davis Daniel 


Do 


17 


Fleming Andrew 


Do 


18 


Fannin Akalis 


Do 


19 


Fears Phineas 


Do 


20 


Grove INIartin 


Do 


21 


Grant John B. 


Do 


22 


Henderson James E. 


Do 


23 


Henderson Hezekiah A. 


Do 


24 


Johnson Sandford 


Do 


25 


Kenny Moses 


Do 


26 


Lafferty Marshall 


Do 


27 


Lathrop Ai-temas 


Do 


28 


McCabe William 


Do 


29 


McCabe John 


Do 


30 


McGuire John 


Do 


31 


Minor Thomas 


Do 


32 


Ogden Benjamin 


Do 


33 


Ogden Nehemiah 


Do 


34 


Peters Absolam [0.] 


Do 


35 


Poorman Samuel 


Do 


36 


Prevo Samuel 


Do 


37 


Prevo Ira 


Do 


38 


Payne Ebenezer 


Do 


39 


Squires Lyman R. 


Do 


40 


Sharp Elon 


Do 


41 


Shaw James 


Do 


42 


Stafford Elijah 


Do 


43 


Vanwinkle John 


Do 


44 


Waters John 


Do 


45 


Wade Thomas 


Do 


46 


White Thomas 


Do 



Do 

Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 



July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
Lost his mare Bay, strayed away. 
Furloughed at Prairie Du Chiene Augt. 

9, 1832 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
Horse worn out and left at Dixon's Ferry 
Lost his blanket 



July 21, 1832 ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 
since discharged 



Sick and Furloughed at Fort Wilbourn 
21 June 1832. 



July 21, 1832, ordered to Di.xon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
Furloughed at Prairie Du Chiene Augt. 

7, 1832. 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 

since discharged 
Lost his blanket 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's Ferry, 
since discharged 

Lost his saddle 

Lost his horse Grey, reduced and left on 
the way between Wisconsin & Missis- 
sippi 

His mare, sorrel, reduced & worn out left 
at Dixons Ferry, saddle and bridle left 



This company, officers and men, have drawn one ration of provision each per day only : 
And one peck of corn forage for horses each and no more, during the campaign and 



308 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



each individual furnished his own rations from home to Hennipen on the Illinois 
river, all of which I certify on Honor August 15th. 1832. 

Royal A Nott Commanding the company. 

RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company of volunteers assembled in Darwin Clark county 111. on the 31st. day 
of May 1832 and then and there elected officers and from that place marched on the 
3rd. day of June 1832 and under the Governor's order rendezvoused at Hennipen on 
the Illinois river on the 11th. of June, next day marched and arrived at Fort Wilbourn 
Lower rapids Illinois river and the company was mustered into the U. S. service on 
the 19th. day of the said month of June 1832. 

rations have been drawn for the company at this place to return home, to wit, 14 

days up to and including the 28th. day of August 1832. 

August 15, AD 1832. Royal A Nott Capt 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Royal A. 
Nott's Covipamj in the first RegH second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of 
the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the ''Remarks'^ set opposite the 
names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitidation ex- 
hibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Dixons Ferry Rock river August 15th. A.D. 1832. 

Royal .A. Nott Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this fifteenth day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 1st. RegH 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig. Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



CD, IHi. The entire roll, including Nott's 
"signature" is in William B. Archer's hand- 
writing. The Recapitulation and Columns 4, 
5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. The fourth 
column gives the date of enrollment in U.S. 
service as June 9, and the eighth column 
lists those present at the muster-out. Ab- 
sentees can be determined from the remarks. 
The other columns are blank. The Recapitu- 
lation shows that 40 company members were 
present at the muster-out, 3 were on furlough, 
and 1.5 had been discharged. The Recapitula- 
tion is in error; actually, only 14 had been 
discharged. (See the roll of Capt. Samuel 
Brimbery's detachment.) The total company 
strength was 57 men. 

IHi has three earlier rolls of this company, 
described below : 

I. The earliest roll in IHi (in Clark County 
MSS) is a statement signed by fifty-five men 
who volunteered their services for Black 
Hawk War duty. The heading of the state- 
ment and the concluding paragraph, both in 
the hand\vriting of William B. Archer, read 
as follows : 



Where as the Executive of the State of Illi- 
nois in consequence of certain outrages com- 
viitted on the frontiers of the State has re- 
quired of the Count;/ of Clark one hundred 
niounte[d] men as their ration agreeably to 
population we the undersigned Citizens of 
the County of Clark feeling it benea[th] the 
dignity of us as Citizens that compulsory 
measures should be used for the raising of 
men for the defence of our contry do sub- 
scribe our names as volunteers May 1S32. 

Those who subscribe this writing and volun- 
teer to go will meet at Darwin on Thursday 
the 31st. day of May 1832 for the purpose 
of electing officers and making necessary 
arrangements to March <£c. 

Ten of the men who signed this statement 
were not mustered out with the company, 
although some of them did march to the 
rendezvous at Hennepin in June. They were 
William B. Archer (promoted to the staff), 
Isaac Craig (transferred), Lovay Cory, Wil- 
liam White, James Porter (his substitute. 
C. K. Archer, left with the company for the 
rendezvous), Ferdinand Van derburg (his 
substitute, Will. Flippo, also left for the 



First Eegvnent, Second Brigade, Third Army 309 



rendezvous), Joshua [last name illegible], 
James Welsh, James Robinson, and Eli Cline. 

Twelve men, later members of the company, 
did not sign this original statement of in- 
tention to serve. They were John Fears, 
Thomas F. Bennett, Theophilus Cooper, 
Chalkley J. Cooper, John B. Grant, Moses 
Kenny, William McCabe, Benjamin Ogden. 
Nehemiah Ogden, Ljnnan R, Squires, Elun 
Sharp, and John Vanwinkle. 

The following men were signators whose sub- 
stitutes were mustered out with the company: 

Thomas T. Weathers 

(Daniel Boone, substitute) 
Jonathan Ingram 

(Samuel Burk, substitute) 
Bateman Ross 

(Jeremiah Criss, substitute) 
James Megeath 

(Samuel Dolson, substitute) 
J. B. Anderson 

(Alexander H. DeHart, substitute) 
Jacob Shetles (Shetler?) 

(Thomas Wade, substitute) 
Jacob Crawley 

(Lorenzo Dow Dehartt, so spelled, sub- 
stitute) 
Bushrod Martin 

(J. K. Archer, substitute) 
Rezen Beall 

(Daniel Davis, substitute) 
iMedrt. Lafferty ( ? ) 

(Marshall Lafferty, substitute) 

Archer added the last name in the following 
manner: "Lafferty goes as sub. for Son. 
Medrt." Some of the above substitutes are 
named on this roll, others on the May 31 
( ? ) roll. Probably not more than half of the 
names on this statement are actually signa- 
tures. 

Spellings differing from those on the mus- 

tering-out roll are 'as follows : Corps. Noah 

Beauchamp, Jun., and Wm. G. McClure and 

Pvts. 14, Alhanan Davidson; 18, Wakelas 

Fannen; 20, Martin Groves; 24, Sanford 
Johnson; 36, Samuel Prevo, Jr.; and 38, 
Ebenezer Pain. 

II. The next roll (in the Ricks Coll.). also 
written by Archer but with a few additions 
and corrections in another hand, is undated 
and unsigned but was probably made out 
May 31. At that time the commissioned and 
noncommissioned officers were as follows : 

W. B. Archer, captain. 
Royall A. Nott, 1st lieutenant. 
Daniel Poorman, 2d lieutenant. 
George W. Young, 1st sergeant. 
James Welsh, 2d sergeant. 
John Fears, 3d sergeant. 
James Lockard, 4th sergeant. 



Oliver C. Lawwill, 1st corporal. 
William T. McLuer, 2d corporal. 
James Dunlap, 3d corporal. 
Xoah Beacham, 4th corporal. 

Stephen Archer and John Thompson, later 
noncommissioned officers, are listed as 
privates. 

The May 31 roll lists sixty-four men. The 
last name of one man, either Thomas F. 
Bennett or Thomas White, is illegible ; one 
of the two had not yet joined the company. 
Eight men on this roll were not on the mus- 
tering-out roll: W. B. Archer, James Welsh, 
Isaac Craig, James Robinson. Eli Clyne, 
Lovay Cory, C. K. Archer, substitute for 
James Porter, and William Flippo, substitute 
for Ferdinand Vanderburgh. Four of the 
eight — Welsh, Craig, Robinson, and Clyne — 
were not on the company's mustering-in roll. 

Other names spelled differently on this roll : 
Pvts. 2, Daniel Boon; 12, Alexander H. De 
Hartt; 13, Lorenzo Dow De Hartt; 18, 
Wakilas Fannen; 25, iloses Kinney; and 
36, Samuel Prevo, Jr. 

III. The company's mustering-in roll, dated 
June 18, 1832, has E. C. Berry's certificate 
of inspection and is also signed "W. B. 
Archer Major 2 Bat. 1 Regt. 2 Brig. 111. M. 
& late Captain of said Company" and "Royal. 
A. Nott Capt commanding Company." The 
roll is in Archer's handwriting. 

Pour of the sixty-one company members on 
June 18 are not on the mustering-out roll. 
They are W. B. Archer, "Promoted to the 
office of Major 15 June 1832" ; and Pvts. 
Charles K. Archer, "Lost his horse on the 
way June 7, 1832, and permitted to search 
and return without delay not arrived" ; 
Lovay Corey, "L. Corey lost his horse June 
7, 1832 on his way ordered to join again 
without delay after searching & not arrived 
in camp"; and William Flippo, "Lost his 
horse June 10, 1832 on the way ordered to 
search and join the company again without 
delay — not arrived in camp." 

Other remarks on the roll follow the names 
of 1st Lt. Royal A. Nott, "promoted to 
office of Captain 16 June 1832"; 2d Lt. 
Daniel Poorman, "promoted to 1st. Lieut. 
June 16 June 1832"; 1st Sgt. George W. 
Young, "promoted to 2nd Lieut. June 16, 
1832"; and Pvt. Stephen Archer, "Elected 
& made 1st. Sergeant June 16, 1832." 

Names with variations from spellings on the 
mustering-out roll are those of Corp. Noah 
Beauchamp and Pvts. 2, Daniel Boon : 7, 
Theopilus Cooper; 12, Alexander H. De- 
Hartt; 13, Lorenzo Dow DeHartt ; 18, Akilas 
Fannen; 25, Moses Kenney; and 36, Samuel 
Prevo, Jr. 



310 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES P. JONES 

{Later Thomas B. Ross's) 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Thos. B Ross's Company, First Regiment, Second Bri- 
gade Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15th. day May 
1832. This company was organized 4th. June 1832 



No.' NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 


{Privates in Alpha- 








betical order.) 








1 Thos B Ross 


Captain 


Coles 
County 




1 James Shaw 


1st. Lieut. 


do 




2 Thos. Sconce^ 


2nd Lieut. 


do 


Promoted 2nd. Lieut. 2oth. July 1832 


1 James Shaw 


1st. Sergnt. 


do 


Horse lost in service 


2 Danl. Needham 


2nd. do 


do 




3 Thos Barker* 


3rd. do 


do 


Furloughed from ft. Dickson Augst 13th. 
1832 appnted 3rd. sergent 25th. August 
1832 


4 Saml. Doty 


4th. do 


do 




1 John Barham 


4th. Corpl. 


do 


Furloughed at Ft dickson Augst 13th. 
1832 Horse lost in service 


1 Austin Nathan 


Private 


do 




2 Adams John J. 


do 


do 




3 Brown James Y. 


do 


do 


Sick & Furloughd 22nd. June 1832 at 
Ft Wilburn 


4 Bracken Jesse 


do 


do 




5 Baker Mark 


do 


do 


Furloughed 13th. August 1832 at Ft 
Dickson 


6 Carrico John 


do 


do 


Left sick at ft. Dickson on 26th. June 
1832 


7 Canterbury Reuben 


do 


do 




8 Duty Richard 


do 


do 




9 Eastin John M. 


do 


do 


Furloughed at fort Dickson Augst 13th. 
1832 


10 Frost Samuel 


do 


do 


Horse Lost in service 


11 Frazier William 


do 


do 




12 Halfhill Abram 


do 


do 




13 Hays Thomas 


do 


do 


Lost 1 pistol in service Worth $5.00 


14 Lester Sigler H. 


do 


do 




15 Parker Benj Jr 


do 


do 




16 Parker Jonathan 


do 


do 




17 Riley Thomas 


do 


do 




18 Sluder Thos. C. 


do 


do 




19 Scott Andrew 


do 


do 




20 Stone James H. 


do 


do 




21 Shin Thos G. M. 


do 


do 




22 Vincent Obadiah 


do 


do 




23 Van Winkle Green L 


do 


do 




24 White Wm. M. 


do 


do 




25 WaldropeJohn 


do 


Clark 
County 





First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Ai-my 



311 



No 


.1 NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 


26 


Williams Henry 


do 


Coles 
County 




27 


Williams Ho[r]ace 


do 


do 


Sick furloughed from ft. Wilburn 22nd. 
June 1832 


28 


Waldrope William^ 


do 


do 


furloughed from Kellogg's Grove Augst 
nth. 


29 


Woodall Davis 


do 


do 


Furloughd from ft. Wilburn June 22nd. 
1832 


30 


Young John 
Discharged 


do 


do 


Furloughd from ft Wilburn June 22nd. 
1832 


1 


Kellogg Saml 


do 


do 


Discharged from ft. Cosconong July 19th. 
1832 on Surgeon's certificate 


2 


Parker Silas M 


3rd. Sergnt. 


do 


Dischargd from ft. Cosconong July 19th. 
1832 on Surgeon's certificate 




Supposed to be discharged under Capt. 


Brimberrj 


^5 


1 


Ashmore Hezekiah N. 


Private 


do 


Left at ft. Cosconong 


2 


Chadwell John 


do 


do 


Left at Same place 


3 


Duty William 


do 


do 


Left at Same place 


4 


Eastin Van S. 


1st. Corpl. 


do 


Left at Same place 


5 


Eastin Harmon 


private 


do 


Left Same place 


6 


Frost Henry 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


7 


Gordon Patrick 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


8 


Gastin Gibson 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


9 


Gateley John J 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


10 


Hart Jonathan 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


11 


Logan William 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


12 


Odell Isaac 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


13 


Phelps Chas. D. 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


14 


Parker Nathaniel 


do 


do 


Left Same place 


15 


James James 
Resignd 


2nd. Corpl. 


do 


Left Same place 




Isaac Lewis 


2nd. Lieut 


do 


Resigned 25th. July 1832 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This Company was organized and Marched for the place of rendezvoux on the 4th. day 
of June 1832 



Drew one half bushel corn per Man forage while in Service 

Commissioned officers drew one ration each while in Service 

One bucket one axe one coffee pot 2 tin cups 2 frying pans 2 tin pans publick property 

lost while in Service 

Thos B. Ross. Capt. 

NB. Two hundred & eighty rations has been drawn for this company for travling 
home from place of being mustered out of Service 

Thos B Ross Capt. 



312 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Ross's 
Company First Reg't Second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the United 
States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names of 
each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, in 
every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Thos. B. Ross Capt. Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this fifteenth day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 1st. Reg't 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig. 
Genl Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 
The Recapitulation has not been completed by the Capn. 



ADS, IHi. The Recapitulation, which is in- 
complete, and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 
have been omitted here. Columns 4, 5, and 
6 show that the company was enrolled in 
U.S. service on June 18, 1832, for 90 days 
and was entitled to pay from the time of 
enrollment. The eighth column lists those 
men present at the muster-out; absentees 
can be determined from the remarks. The 
tenth column, "Inspection Remarks," is 
blank. 

IHi also has the company mustering-in roll, 
signed "James P Jones Capt Commanding" 
and countersigned by "E. C. Berry, adjt & 
Inspector Genl" on June 18. The Berry 
certificate of inspection is in the handwriting 
of Joshua T. Bradley. 

The June 18 roll includes the following 
seven men not on the mustering-out roll : 

James P. Jones, captain, "Elected Major 
19th June." 

Billings Starkwether, 3d corporal. 

David Hanson, private, "Hanson was elected 
to the office of Adjutant of the 16th of 
June & his horse run off on the 17th Inst." 

Martin L. Ashmore, private, "Ashmores 
horse run off on the 17th of June 1832." 
He transferred to Richardson's company 
of the 2d Brigade Spy Battalion. 

G. B. Fancher, private. He apparently trans- 
ferred to Jacob M. Early's spy company. 

John D. Johnston, private, "Absent." He 
also joined Early's spy company. 

David Riddle, private, "Absent his horse 
the property of Thos Stovall was drowened 
in crossing the Ills. River. With the loss 
of his equipage the property of James 
Shaw he returned home on the 16th of 
June 1832." 

Thomas B. Ross, 1st sergeant on June 18, 
was "Elected Capt June 19th" ; James Shaw, 
a private, "Elected 1st Sergt June 19th." 
Thomas Sconce, who later became 2d lieu- 
tenant, and Thomas Barker, later 3d ser- 
geant, were also privates at this time. 



All company members are said to have been 
enrolled at Charleston on June 4, except 
John Gateley, whose enrollment date is 
given as June 16. He is marked "Absent." 
Additional remarks on the roll follow the 
names of William Frazier, "Fraziers horse 
the prop of C S Morton run off on the 17th 
of June"; Thomas G. M. Shin, "Shin's horse 
the property of Abnor Johnston run off on 
the 17th of June"; James H. Stone, "Stones 
horse run off and lost 17th June and not 
found"; Green L. Van Winkle, "Van winkle's 
horse run off on the 17th of June" ; and 
Davio (so spelled) Woodall, "Woodalls horse 
run off 17th June and not found." 

Names spelled differently on the June 18 roll 
are Reuben Canterbery, Horman Eastin, Gib- 
son Gaston, Siglar H. Lester, John Waldrop, 
William Waldrop, Horris Williams, and 
David Woodall. 

1 The numbering in this column has been 
corrected. On the original roll the names of 
the 2d lieutenant, Thomas Sconce, and 3d 
sergeant, Thomas Barker, were entered in 
the list of privates and later marked out, but 
the numbering was left unchanged. 

2 Sconce's name was entered above that of 
Isaac Lewis, who resigned as 2d lieutenant 
July 25, 1832. Both Lewis's name and the 
remark giving the date of his resignation 
were marked out here. 

3 Barker was appointed 3d sergeant July 25, 
not August 25. His name was also entered 
on the roll as a private but was crossed out. 
The remark there gives the correct date. 

4 Waldrope was one of five men separately 
discharged by Capt. Z. C. Palmer at Dixon. 
A copy of the detachment roll (in IHi: 
Stevens Coll.) states that the five men were 
discharged Aug. 11. The other men in the 
detaclmient — Samuel Shaw of Alexander 
Houston's company, and Benjamin Hun- 
saker and Isaac and Martin Ray of Isaac 
Sandford's company — are said on their com- 



Fi7'st Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Armj/ 



313 



pany rolls to have been furloughed at Dodsre- 
ville on Aug. 9. The detaclunent roll remarks 
that all five men were "Reported on fur- 
lough." 



3 In addition to the fifteen men listed here. 
Billing's Starkwether (or Starkweather), the 
company's 3d sergeant until July 25, was 
also mustered out in Capt. Samuel Brim- 
bery's detachment. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES 

{Later Isaac Sandford' s) 



M. BLACKBURN 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain Isaac Sandfords Company, first Regiment, Second Bri- 
gade of Illinois mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on 
the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated the fifteenth 
of May 1832. This company was organized, &c. in Edgar County May the 10th. 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 

befical order.) 



RANK. ENROLMENT. 
DATE OF 



REMARKS. 



Isaac Sandford 

William Runyan 
Aloj'sius Brown 

Thomas J. Buntain 
George G. Boord 

Charles Bodine 
Alfred Van Houtan 



John D. Bozarth 
John Smith 
Winson Robertson 
James Cummins 

1 Allen Harding C. 

2 Buntain Andrew E. 

3 Breeden Fielden 

4 Bradshaw Elias 

5 Boord, Mizaldus H. 

6 Cupps George W. 

7 Cowan John 

8 Camp Abisha 

9 Cummins John 

10 Davis Abraham^ 



Drummond Henry 
Davis James 
Ewing James 
Edwards Altamus 
Ewing George 



Capt. 

1st. Leiut. 
2nd. Leiut. 

1st. Serjt. 
2nd. " 

3rd. " 
4th. " 



1st. Corpl. 
2nd. " 
3rd. " 
4th. " 

Privates 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



19th. June 

1832. 

Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 
Do 



Furloughed at the INIississippi 4th. Aug. 
1832. 

July 21st. 1832 ordered to dixins Ferry 
mare & equipage lost. 

Furloughed at the battle ground Mis- 
sissippi 4 Aug. 1832 lost his horse 
2nd. Aug. 1832 
July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 
Do Do Do 

Do Do Do 

Furloughed at the battle ground Mis- 
sissipi 4th. Augt. 1832 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 
Substitute Kelsaw Campble 

[July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixon's 
Ferry] ' 

Do Do Do 

mare lost lamed & rendered useless 
Furloughed at the battle ground Misss. 

Augt. 4 1832. 
Left sick at fort Cosconong 10th. Jul}-- 

1832. 

July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 
July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 



314 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 183k 



No. 


NAMES. 


RANK. 


ENROLMENT. REMARKS. 




(Privates in Alpha- 




DATE OF 






betical order. ) 








16 


Furnish Thomas 


Do 


Do 


July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins to 
Ferry 


17 


Forster Authur 


Do 


Do 


Furloughed at the battle ground Augt. 
4th. 1832 


18 


Forster John 


Do 


Do 


July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 


19 


Fuller John 


Do 


Do 


Do Do Do 


20 


Gillespey James 


Do 


Do 


Do Do Do 


21 


Harding George 


Do 


Do 




22 


Hunter Andrew 


Do 


Do 


July 21, 1832, ordered to Dixins Ferry 
a bay mare and equipage lost 


23 


Hollingsworth John 


Do 


Do 


lost one pistol appraised to $3.00 


24 


Hunsaker Benjamin 


Do 


Do 


Furloughed at Dogville Augt. 9th. 
1832, to return home 


25 


Hill John 


Do 


Do 




26 


Hauskins James 


Do 


Do 




27 


Hunter Spencer K. 


Do 


Do 


Sick 


28 


Jourdan Hartwell 


Do 


Do 




29 


Koho Young 


Do 


Do 




30 


Knight John 


Do 


Do 




31 


Knight Joseph 


Do 


Do 




32 


Lowrey Jacob D. 


Do 


Do 




33 


Lewis William 


Do 


Do 




34 


Martain Charles K. 


Do 


Do 




35 


Murphy Uel 


Do 


Do 


July 21, 1832 ordered to Dixins Ferry 


36 


Mclntire Lucius 


Do 


Do 


Furloughed at the battle ground Augt. 
4th. 1832 


37 


McCulley Henry 


Do 


Do 




38 


Montgomery William 


Do 


Do 




39 


Morison David 


Do 


Do 




40 


Martain John 


Do 


Do 


J. Martains name possibly onited [omit- 



41 Macy Samuel 

42 Nobie Thomas 


Do 
Do 


Do 
Do 


43 Pownall George C. 

44 Per cell James C. 


Do 
Do 


Do 
Do 


45 Percell Edward 

46 Ray Martain 


Do 
Do 


Do 
Do 


47 Ray Isaac 


Do 


Do 


48 Ray Jesse 

49 Ray James 

50 Ray WUliam 


Do 
Do 
Do 


Do 
Do 
Do 


51 Ross William 


Do 


Do 



ted] on the original muster rooU at 
Illinois River but he has been in the 
company and purformed his duty 
from the start 

Noble Thomas July 21, 1832 ordered to 
Dixins Ferry 

Furloughed at the battle ground Misss. 
Augt. 4th. 1832. lost his horse Bay 
& gun 

Furloughed at Dogville to go home 

Augt. 9th. 1832. 
[Furloughed at Dodgeville to go home 

Aug. 9, 1832] 3 
July 21, 1832 ordered to Dixins Ferry 

Do Do Do 

left at Dixins Ferry 25th. June 1832, to 

care of a sick man 
July 21, 1832 ordered to Dixins Ferry 



First Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 315 



REMARKS. 



Do Do Do 



No. NAMES. 


RANK. 


ENROLMENT. 


(Privates in Alpha- 




DATE OF 


betical order. ) 






52 Reed George 


Do 


Do 


53 Reed William 


Do 


Do 


54 Ripple Daniel 


Do 


Do 


55 Ripple Michael 


Do 


Do 


56 Stump Francis 


Do 


Do 


57 Taylor Joseph 


Do 


Do 


58 Taylor Gabriel N. 


Do 


Do 


59 TerrellJohn 


Do 


Do 


60 Van Houtan Isaac 


Do 


Do 


61 Van Houtan William 


Do 


Do 


62 Wilson Larken 


Do 


Do 


63 Wilson Rason 


Do 


Do 



The officers and men of this company have drawn only one ration each per day, and 
one half bushel of corn forage each dui'ing the campaign and rations were furnished 
by by each individual from home to Henipen on the Illinois River, all of which I 
certify on Honor this 15th Aug A.D. 1832 

Isaac Sandford Capt 

RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

N.B. this company was orgnized on the 10th. day of May 1832 & started from Paris 
Edgar County on the 4th. day of June 1832, to Henipen to rendezvous thare on the 
10th. by the Govonors orders from thence ordered to Wilborne to rendezvous on the 
loth, day of June 1832, on the 17th. June were formed into regiments on the 18th. 
June formed into a Brigade and on the 19th. day of June 1832, mustered into service 
of the united states. 

Rations have been drawn for the company at this place to return home to wit 10 
Days up to and including the 25 Day of August 1832 

I also believe by information that those men ordered to Dixons is discharged under 
Capt. Brimberry Recievd also of the U.S. 11 haulters 4 tent cloths 3 of the tent 
cloths have been returnd. the other tent worn out or lost all those 11 haulters are 
worn out or lost, of which I certify on honor at Dixins Ferry, August 15th. 1832. 

Isaac Sandford Capt 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Isaac 
Sandford Company in the first Reg't Second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service 
of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite 
the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation 
exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. Aug 15th. 1832 

Isaac Sandford Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 1st RegH 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl Atkinson 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst, Inr. Genl. 



316 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



DS, IHi. A portion of the "Record of Events" 
is in Sandford's handwriting. The Recapitu- 
lation and Columns 5, 6, 7, 8. and 10 are 
omitted here. The Recapitulation gives the 
total company strength as 74 men, of whom 
41 were present at the muster-out; 23 had 
been ordered to Dixon's Ferry and dis- 
charged earlier; and 10 were on furlough. 
Column 5 gives the period of enrollment as 
90 days, and Column 7 gives the county as 
Edgar. Column 8 lists those present at the 
muster-out; absentees can be determined 
from the remarks. The names of Pvts. 60, 
61, and 63 are given as Isaac Vanhoutan, 
William Vanhoutan, and Reason Wilson in 
this column. The sixth and tenth columns, 
"Pay" and "Inspection Remarks," are blank. 

IHi has two other rolls of this company, a 
duplicate mustering-out roll (photostat from 
DNA), and the company's mustering-in roll, 
signed by Sandford, with Adj. Gen. E. C. 
Berry's certificate of inspection of June 19. 
The June 19 roll includes two men not on 
the roll above : James M. Blackburn, captain, 
"promoted to colonel 15 June 1832," and 
Thomas W. Dawson, private, "appointed 
waggoner." 

The original officers of the company, as given 
on the June 19 roll, were Blackburn, cap- 
tain; Isaac Sandford, 1st lieutenant; Aloy- 
sius Brown, 2d lieutenant; William Runyan, 
1st sergeant; T. J. Buntain, 2d sergeant; 
Charles Bodine, 3d sergeant; Alfred Van- 
houtan, 4th sergeant; Winson Robertson, 1st 
corporal ; and John Smith, 2d corporal. 
Others who became noncommissioned officers 
are listed as privates. 

Names of privates spelled differently on the 
June 19 roll: 17, Arthur Forster ; 20, James 
L. Gillispie; 30, Henry McCully; 39, David 
Morrison; 43, G. C. Pownal ; 60, Isaac 



Vanhoutan; 61, William Vanhoutan; 62, 
Larking Wilson ; and 63, Reason Wilson. 

The DNA mustering-out roll is endorsed : 
"approved H. Atkinson Br Ge. U. S ay." 

There are a few minor name variations on 
the DNA roll: 4th Sgt. Alfred Vanhouton 
and Pvts. 17, Authur Foster; 29, Young 
Kohoe ("Koho" in the eighth column) ; 55, 
Micheal Ripple ("Michael" in the eighth 
column) ; 60, Isaac Vanhoutan; 61, William 
Vanhoutan; and 63, Reason Wilson. 

Three men from this companj% as well as 
William Waldrope of Thomas B. Ross's com- 
pany and Samuel Shaw of Alexander Hous- 
ton's company, were discharged by Capt. Z. 
C. Palmer at Dixon on Aug. 11. A copy of 
the five-man detachment roll is in IHi: 
Stevens Coll. The "Remarks" column of the 
roll states that all five were "Reported on 
furlough." The three men from Sandford's 
company, as listed on the detachment roll, 
were Benjamin Hunsacker, Martin Ray, and 
Isaac Ray, Pvts. 24, 46, and 47 on the 
mustering-out roll above. 

The twenty-three men stated in the Recapitu- 
lation to have been ordered to Dixon's Ferry 
and discharged were mustered out Aug. 2 
and Aug. 3. One man was discharged in 
Adj. Isaac Parmenter's detachment, and 
twenty-two others were discharged in Capt. 
Samuel Brimbery's detachment. 

1 The bracketed remark is substituted for 
"Do's" on the original roll. 

2 Davis was mustered out of service at 
Dixon's Ferry on Aug. 2 in the detachment 
commanded by Isaac Parmenter. 

3 The bracketed remark is substituted for 
"Do's" on the original roll. 



Second Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & Staff officers of the 2nd. Regiment 2nd. Brigade Illinois 
Mounted volunteers Mustered into the Service of the United States under command 
of Brigadier General Atkinson 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Residence 



Remarks 



1 Samuel Adams 

2 John W Barlow 

3 George W Bowers 

4 Isaac Parmenter 

5 James. M. McLean 

6 John. C. Alexander 

7 George Flanegan 



Richard Mauzy 
O. B. Ficklin 
John T Hunter 
Vastine Wilson 
John A Hacket 
Alfred H Grass 



Colonel 
Lt. Colonel 
Major 
Adjutant 

Pay Master 

Sergeon 

Sergeon 



Lawrence Co. Ill 
Crawford Co 111 
Wabash Co 111 
Do 

Lawrence Co 111 
Crawford Co 111 
Adams Co 111 



Sergeons Mate Crawford Co 111 



14 Samuel Dunlap 



qr. Master 
qr. Master 
qr. M. Seargt. 
qr. M Seargt. 
Seargt. Maj. 

Adj utant 



Wabash Co 111 
Lawrence Co 111 
Crawford Co 111 

Do 
Lawrence Co 111 

Lawrence Co 111 



[Pack horse lost 2nd. August]' 
Horse Lost & Furloughed 27. July 

Wounded Furloughed 9 July Since 
dischd. 

Lost horse Furloughed 9 July 
27 July detailed to remain at 

Hellenna 
6 July resigned & returned home 
9 July resigned & returned home 
21 July P'urloughed Since dischd. 
9 July resigned 

Furloughed 2nd. Augt. Lost Horse 
& Equip 



One half Bushel of corn to each officer was all that was drawn as forage during the 
campaign and one ration per man in kind drawn per man per day Six days rations 
furnished by each officer one Tent Cloth and one camp kettle lost in Service 

I certify on honor that the foregoing Muster Roll exibits the true State of the field 
and Staff officers of the 2nd. Regiment 2nd. Brigade of Illinois INIounted Volunteers 
under my Command Given under my hand at Dixons Rock river August 15th. 1832 

Saml. Adams Col Comg. 2nd. Regt. 2nd. Brig 111. Mounted Volunteers 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the within Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 15th day of August 1832 Mustered out of the service of the United 
States the within Mentioned Officers by order of Brigr Genl Atkinson. 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. Columns 4, 5, and 7 are omitted as June 19 for all but the following staff 

here. Column 4 gives the date of enrollment members : Dunlap, Hackett, and Hunter, who 

317 



318 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



enrolled July 9; and Flanagan (the correct 
spelling), who enrolled July 10. Column 5 
gives the period of enrollment as 90 days, 
and Column 7 lists those present at the mus- 
ter-out. Only Adams, Bowers, McLean, 
Hackett, and Dunlap were present. 

IHi also has two mustering-in rolls, one made 
out and signed by Adj. Gen. E. C. Berry and 
the other made out by Joshua T. Bradley and 
signed by Berry. The rolls, dated merely 



June, 1832, have only minor punctuation 
variations. C. L. Danforth, not Wilson, is 
given as quartermaster sergeant, and Flana- 
gan, Hunter, Hackett, and Dunlap are not 
included. The date of commission is given 
as June 15 and the place of rendezvous as 
Fort Wilbourn. There are no remarks. 

1 This remark was lined out but is clearly 

legible. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN ARNOLD j 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain John Arnold Company, 2nd. Regiment, 2nd. Brigade I 

111 Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the requisition | 

of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15th. May 1832. this Com- ' 

pany was organised in Wabash Co. 111. the 12 May 1832 I 



Nc 


NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 




{Privates in Alpha- 










betical order. ) 








1 


Arnold John 


Captain 


Wabash 




1 


Danforth. George 


1 Lieut. 


" 




1 


Fisher. Samuel 


2. Liut. 


" 


absent with leave. Discharged under 
capt Jordan at Dickson fort 


1 


Minnis .C. Mitchel 


1. Sargent 


" 




1 


Couch Hiram 


2. Sargent 


" 




1 


Leatherland Mathias 


3 Sargent 




absent with leave. Lost his mare .17. 
June colour roan. Appraised 50 
dollars Saddle and bridle 15 dollars 
Lost at fort Wilburn 


1 


Dodds A John 


4 Sargent 


« 


absent with leave 


1 


Frear Solomon 


1 Corporal 


" 


absent with leave 


1 


Golden John 


2 Corpl. 


" 


absent with leave 


1 


Keen Ira 


3 Corpl. 


" 


absent with leave 


1 


Woods Wesly 


4 Corpl. 


" 


absent with leave 


Privates 








1 


Besley James 


Privates 


« 


absent with leave 


2 


Bass Dolphin 


Do 


" 




3 


Buchannan W John 


Do 


" 




4 


Buchannan .0. Joseph 


Do 




absent with leave Lost a grey mare at 
fort Winebago, 12 July 1832. Ap- 
52 dollars saddle and bridle 15 
dollars 


5 


Buchannan .R. Henry 


Do 


" 


absent with leave 


6 


Brines Jefferson 


Do 


" 




7 


Dodds .M. Joseph 


Do 


« 


absent with leave 


8 


Gadda John 


Do 


" 


absent with leave 


9 


Garner James 


Do 




absent with leave. Lost a bay horse 
at fort Winnebago 12 July praised at 
60 dollars saddle and bridle 19 


10 


Golden William 


Do 


« 


absent with leave 


U 


Hull Phihp 


Do 


" 





Second Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



319 



No. NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 


{Privates in Alpha- 








betical order.) 








12 Hoyt .S. Jonathan 


Do 


« 


absent with leave 


13 Holbert Henry 


Do 


« 




14 Keen Dennis 


Do 


« 




15 Miller .S. Barton 


Do 


« 


absent with leave 


16 Millen Mc. James 


Do 


" 


absent with leave 


[McMillen James] 








17 Ochletree John 


Do 


" 


absent with leave 


18 Pameter [Parmenter ?] Isaac 


Do 


" 


absent with leave 


19 Pixley Isaac 


Do 


" 




20 Ridgely. William 


Do 


" 


absent with leave 


21 Reel .R. Henry 


Do 


" 


absent with leave. Lost a grey mare 



22 


Sanford Thomas 


Do 


23 


Smith .0. John 


Do 


24 


Sanford Jacob 


Do 


25 


Turner Abner 


Do 


26 


Utter. John 


Do 


27 


Vanderhoof Philip 


Do 


28 


Woods. Je[re]miah 


Do 


29 


Wear Thomas 


Do 


30 


Wear Harvy 


Do 


31 


Winders, Warren 


Do 


32 


Wright. Robert 


Do 



appraised in Capt Arnolds name at 
50 dollars saddle and bridle .25. 
dollars. Lost at fort Koskenon by 
a snag in the breast 

absent with leave 

absent with leave. Lost a Sorrel mare 
17 June at fort wilburn appraised 
at 65 dollars saddle and bridle .15 
dollars 

absent with 

absent with leave 

absent with leave 
absent with leave 



N.B. The above mentioned absentees 
a suposed to have been mustered 
out of service under Capt Jordan at 
fort Dickson^ 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

Each man furnished six days provisions, from Wabash to fort Wilburn. One fourth 
bushel of corn for each horse is all the horse feed furnished by goverment during the 
Campaign 

The officers of this company have drawn single rations only per day this company 
of volunteers assembled at INIt Carmel in Wabash county on the 12 of may 1832 and 
elected their offices 

IVIarched the 2nd. of June for Henipin. Was organized into a brigade at fort Wilburn 
by order of the Governor on the 19th of June 1832 and delivered over to .U. S Gen 
Atkinson 

John Arnold Capt 



I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. John 
Arnolds Company of the 2nd. Reg^t 2nd. Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of 



320 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the 
names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation ex- 
hibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

John Arnold Capt Commanding the Company 

Traveling rations, 12 daj's for 16 men from fort Dickson to Wabash Co. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 2nd Reg't 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



CD, IHi. The body of the roll and the 
signature are in the same hand-writing, 
M-hich is probably not Arnold's. The Re- 
rapitulation, which is incomplete, and Col- 
umns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. 
Columns 4, 5, and 6 show that the company 
was enrolled in U.S. service June 19 for 
90 days and was entitled to pay from the 
time of enrollment. The eighth column lists 
those present at the muster-out, and the 
tenth column, "Inspection Remarks," is 
blank. In the eighth column the name of 
Pvt. 28 is given as Jeremiah Wood. 

IHi also has a photostat of a duplicate mus- 
tering-out roll in DNA, which bears Gen. 
Henry Atkinson's AES of approval. Three 
names are spelled differently on the DNA 
roll, those of 4th Corp. Wesley Woods and 
Pvts. 1 and 18, James Besly and Isaac 
Parmeter. 

The company mustering-in roll, dated June 
18, is also in IHi. The signature "John 
Arnold" on this roll is an actual signature. 
The roll also has the usual certificate of in- 
spection signed "E. C. Berry, Adjt. & In- 
spector Genl." The name of Pvt. Isaac Par- 



menter does not appear. 

The following names have variant spellings 
on the June 18 roll: Capt. John Arnolds; 
3d Sgt. Mathias Ketherland ; 1st Corp. Solo- 
mon Frier; 2d Corp. John Goulden ; 3d 
Corp. Ira Keene ; 4th Corp. Wesley Wood; 
and Pvts. 1, James Besly; 3, John W. 
Buckhanon ; 4, Joseph O. Buckhanon; 5, 
Henry R. Buckhanon; 6, Jefferson Bryants; 
8, John Gaddy; 10, William Goulden; 12, 
Jonathan S. Hoit; 14, Dennis Keene; 16, 
James McMillen; 17, John Ockeltree; 19, 
Isaac Pixly; 28, Jeremiah Wood; and 30, 
Harvey Wear. 

The company receipt roll in DNA (IHi has 
photostat) has the Kirby voucher number 
17653. Lt. Jacob Brown, U.S.A., and Wil- 
liam B. Archer certified that they witnessed 
paj-ment of all company members. The cap- 
tain received $288.37; privates in Jordan's 
detachment received $71.92; the others, 
$81.55. 

1 The twenty-seven absentees were mustered 
out at Dixon's Ferry on Aug. 2 in a de- 
tachment commanded by Isaac Parmenter. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL ADAMS 

(Later John Barns's) 

Muster Roll of Captain Samuel Adam's company of Mounted Volunteers, called and 
mustered into the Service of the United States, by Order of the Commander-in chief 
of the Militia of the State of Illinois, attached to the Second Regiment Second Bri- 
gade under the command of Brig. General M. K. Alexander From the Fifth day of 
May 1832, To the day of 1832 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



1 Samuel Adams Captain 5 May 1832 Lawrence Co. Elected Colonel 15 

111 June 1832 

2 Elijah Maj^s 1st. Lt. 



Second Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



321 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



3 


John Barns 


2nd Lt. 


1 


James Nabb 


1st. Sarjt 


2 


Samuel ]\Iundle 


2nd " 


3 


Daniel Morris 


3rd. " 


4 


A. S. BadoUet 


1st. Corl. 


5 


Arther Chinoweth 


2nd " 


6 


James Buchanan 


3rd. " 


7 


Joseph F Darr 


4th. " 


1 


Boneparte Galaher 




2 


Silas Barns 




3 


James M McLean 




4 


P. Strother 




5 


Archabald Berton 




6 


John L Bass 




7 


Joseph Stewart 




8 


John Walden 




9 


John Bush 




10 


John T. Hunter 




11 


John J. PuUis 




12 


Shadrach Rawlings 




13 


Joseph R. Christy 




14 


Isaac Westfall 




15 


William Mays 




16 


Thompson McDonalc 




17 


Thomas J Turner 




18 


James Thompson 




19 


John Turner 




20 


John W. Ruark 




21 


John Levingston 




22 


Edward Moor 




23 


George W Taylor 




24 


Samuel Dunlap 




25 


John R Mullen 




26 


Samuel Pea 




27 


James. W. Pollard 




28 


Tilford Moor 




29 


Thomas T. Lewis 




30 


Stephen Lewis 




31 


John Montgomery 




32 


Richard Bass 




33 


Peyton Moaler 




34 


James Gaddy 




35 


E. D. M. Turner 




36 


Joshua Richards 




37 


Benj. McCleave 




38 


Daniel Organ 





Elected Captain 16 
June 1832 



Elected 2nd Lieu- 
tenant 16 June 
1832 



Appointed Pay 
Master 15" June 



Elected 4th. Sarjt. 

16 June 1832 
Elected 3rd Sargt. 

16 June 1832 



322 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 183^ 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



39 James Crews " " " " 

40 William F Ruark 

41 Henry Pea " " " " 

I certify On honor, that this Muster Roll exibits the true State of Capt. John Barns 
Company of the 2nd Regiment 2nd. Brigade of Mounted Volunteers for the period 
herein mentioned, that the "remarks" Set opposite the Name of each Officer and 
Soldier are acciu-ate and Just and that it exibits in every Particular the true State of 
the Company— Dated 19th. June 1832. 

John Barns Capt Commanding the 6th* Company 

[ANS] I certify On honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that 
I have this 19th. day of June 1832 Mustered and Minutely inspected the above 
Named Company of the 2nd. Regiment 2nd. Brigade of Mounted Volunteers 

E. C. Berry, Adjt. & Inspector Genl 



DS, IHi. The sixth and seventh columns are 
omitted here. The sixth column gives the 
time of service for which the company en- 
rolled as 90 days. The seventh column, 
■Names Present," is blank. 



This company was mustered out of service 
in two groups, one under the command of 
Lt. Daniel Morris and the other under Cap- 
tain Barns as a part of Capt. William High- 
smith's detachment. 

IHi has an original mustering-out roll for 
the Morris detacliment and photostats from 
DNA of mustering-out rolls for both groups. 
Morris's roll lists twenty-five men, although 
actually Daniel Organ was mustered out with 
the other part of the company. Samuel Adams 
and James M. McLean were mustered out 
-vvith the 2d Regiment staff. The men under 
Morris's conunand were mustered out of 
U.S. service at Dixon Aug. 15 by Lt. Robert 
Anderson, and the men under Captain Barns 
in Highsmith's detachment were mustered 
out by Capt. Zalmon C. Palmer on Aug. 2, 
also at Dixon. Listed below are the names 
of the men in Morris's detachment, with the 
remarks that follow their names on the mus- 
tering-out roll. The spellings are those of 
the original roll. 

Daniel Morris's Detachment 
Daniel Morris 2nd. Lieut 

Lost Horse reduced worn out & left 
John L Bass 1 Sargt. 

Thompson McDonold 2nd Do 

Lost horse & equpage Furloughed 7 Augt. 
James Buchanan 2nd. Corpl. 

[Privates] 
Berton Archabald 
Bass Richard 
Crews James 
Christy Joseph R 

Furloughed 2 

wounded man 



Augt. to return with 



Dunlap Samuel 

9th. July promoted adjutant 
Gollaher Bonaparte 

On extra duty as Beaugh man from 19 

June 
Gaddy James 
Levingston John 
Moor Edward 
Montgomery John 

Horse Lost 
Moaler Pej-ton 

Lost horse and Equipage Furlowed 
McCleave Benjamin 
Organ Daniel 

Lost Mare Furloughed & Since Supposed 

to be mustered out of Service by Cap 

Highsmith 
Lewis Thomas T. 
Pollard James W 
Turner Thomas J 
Turner John 
Turner Ephm D M 
Taylor George W 
Walden John 
Richards Joshua 

The "Names Present" column of this roll 
shows that five men were absent at the mus- 
ter-out on Aug. 15. They were Thompson 
McDonald (probably the correct spelling), 
Joseph R. Christy, Samuel Dunlap, Peyton 
Moaler, and Daniel Organ. One name is 
spelled differently in this column, that of 
"Boneparte Gallaher." 

The "Record of Events" at the end of the 
roll includes the following statements: "This 
Company was organised in Lawrence County 
Illinois on the 5th. day of May 1832 Marched 
from tlience on the 2nd. day of June arive 
at Springfield on the 9th May drew 5 days 
rations flower & bacon & Martched arive at 
fort Wilbourn 12th. May [June] mustered 
into U S Service 19th [June.] 15th. Augt. 



Second Eegiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



323 



drew at Dixons 12 days rations from the 
16th." 

The roll of Captain Highsmith's detachment 
is printed in the last chapter of 3d Army 
rolls. 



1 Capt. Abner Greer's Lawrence County 
company, originally a part of the 2d Regi- 
ment, was transferred to the Spy Battalion, 
leaving the five companies of Barns, Houston, 
Arnold, Jordan, and Highsmith. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM HIGHSMITH 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain William Highsmiths company of Mounted Volunteers, 
called and mustered into the service of the United States, by order of the Commander- 
in-chief of the Militia of the State of Illinois, attached to 2th Rigement 2th Brigade 
under the command of Brig. General Milton K Alexander from the Twelfth day of 
may 1832, to the day 1832 



No. 



NAMES. 



RANK. 



ENROLMENT. 
DATE OF WHERE 



REMARKS. 











Crawford 




1 William Highsmith 


Capt 


May] 


I2th 1832 


County 
Palestine 




2 Samuel V Allison 


1 Lieut 


" 


" 


" 




3 John H Mc mikle 


2d Lieut 


" 


" 


" 




4 Benjamin S Bole 


1 Sergt 


" 


" 


" 




5 William Camplain 


2 " 


" 


" 




Absent without Leave 
June 15th. 1832 


6 WUliamMcoy 


3 " 


" 


" 


" 




7 John A. Christy 


4 " 


" 


" 


" 




8 Nathaniel Highsmith 


1st Corporol 


" 


" 


" 




9 Martin Fuller 


2 " 


" 


" 


" 




10 Henry D Hager 


3 " 


" 


" 


" 




11 John Lagow 


4 " 


" 


" 


" 




12 Allison John 


Privates 


" 


" 


" 




13 Allison David M. 


" 


" 


« 


" 




14 Allison Samuel. H. 


" 


" 


" 


" 




15 Barrick John 


" 


" 


" 


" 




16 Barlow John W. 


" 


" 


" 


" 


Elected Major June 16th. 
1832 


17 Barshar Brazel 


" 


" 


" 


" 


Absent with Leave June 
15th. 


18 Brimberry John 


" 


" 


" 


" 




19 Carter Benjamin 


" 


" 


" 


" 




20 Condry James 


" 


" 


" 


" 




21 Easton Thomas 


" 


" 


" 


" 




22 Fuller Thomas 










Elected to fill the vacancy 
of William Camplain 
June 18th 


23 Grice William R 


« 


« 


« 


" 




24 Gregg John 


" 


« 


" 


" 




25 Garrison Peter 


" 


" 


" 


" 




26 Hager Hiram 


" 


" 


" 


" 




27 Johnson Hiram 


" 


" 


" 


" 




28 Johnson John 


« 


" 


" 


" 




29 James Jackson 


u 


" 


" 


" 





324 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No} 



NAMES. 



Kinny George W 
Lewis James 
Levitt William 
Myres John L 
Myres Andrew W 
Martin Isaac 
Montgomery Andrew 
Parker John Senr 
Parker John Jur 
Parker William 
Parker Thomas N. 
Phelps Amos 
Piper Beverly B. 
Reece William 
Simons Robert 
Stockwell Thomas 
Vanwinkle Jacob 
Weger James 
Richards John D. 



49 Gm-ley IVIorris 

50 Gordon Squire H 



RANK. 



ENROLMENT. 
DATE OF WHERE 



REMARKS. 



Absent by permission June 

12th 
Absent by Sickness June 

4th 
Absent by Sickness June 

10th. 



I Certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibets the True State of my Company 
of mounted Volunteers for the period hearein mentioned that the Remarks set opposite 
the name of — each officer and souldier are acurate and Just and that it exhibets in 
every protictular the True state of the Companey Dated June 18th. 1832 " 

Signed — William Highsmith Capt. Commanding Company 

[NS] I Certify on honor that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll and that I 
have this 18th day of June 1832 Mustered and minutely inspected the above named 
Company of 2d. Regt. 2d. Brig of Mounted Volunteers. 

E. C. Berry, Adjt & Inspector Genl 



DS( 0, IHi. Columns 6, 7, and 8 are omitted 
here. Column 6, which provides space for the 
name of the mustering officer, is blank, and 
Column 7 gives the time of service for which 
the company enrolled as 90 days. Column 
8 lists those men present on June 18. Ab- 
sentees were Kos. 5, William Camplain; 17, 
Brazel Barshar (this name, later struck out, 
was incompletely entered in the "Kames 
Present" column as "Brazel Brash — ") ; 48. 
John D. Richards; 49, Morris Gurley; and 
50, Squire H. Gordon. 

Other names spelled differently in the "Names 
Present" column are those of Nos. 3, John 
H. McMickle; 6, Wm. McCoy; 7, John A. 
Christey; 16, John W. Barloe; 30, George 
W. Kinney; 32, William Levett; and 46, 
Jacob Vanwincle. 



Of the 45 members present when the com- 
pany was mustered into U.S. service, 16 were 
mustered out in a detachment under Lt. 
James Kennerly of Elias Jordan's company, 
and 25 in a detachment under Captain High- 
smith. The four men present June 18 who 
were not discharged with either group were 
1st Sgt. Benjamin S. Bole, 3d Corp. Henry 
D. Hager, Pvt. Hiram Hager, and Pvt. John 
W. Barlow, who was mustered out with the 
2d Regiment staff. 

The roll of Captain Highsmith's detachment 
is printed in the last chapter of 3d Army 
rolls. 

The Kennerly detachment was mustered out 
of U.S. service on Aug. 15 by Lt. Robert 
Anderson. IHi has both an original muster- 



Second Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



325 



ing-out roll and a photostat of a duplicate 
roll from DNA (see the source note on the 
roll of Elias Jordan's company). The "Record 
of Events" at the end of the rolls has the 
following statement regarding the service of 
men from Highsmith's company : 

This Company was organised in Crawford 
County the 12th Day of May 1833 ordered 
to march to Henipen on June the 2nd 1832 
mustered into service on the 19th. Day of 
June 1S32. This Company furnished 9 Day 
Provisions when ordered to march, this com- 
pany has only Reievd [received] one half 
Bushel of Corn as forage Each man During 
the whole campaign . . . Detachment of 
Capt Wm. Highsiniths Company [received 
for traveling] 10 Days Rashions 

The above statement and the following list 
of men from Highsmith's company are copied 
from the Kennerly detachment roll in IHi : 
Beverly B Piper 1st Serj 

Elected first Serj June the 22 1832 
John A Christy 4th. Serj 

Jackson James 3rd Corp 

Elected 3rd Corp the 22nd Day of June 

1832 



Allison David M Privates 

Barrick John 

Condry James " 

Gregg John 

Grise Wm. R 

Johnson Hiram " 

Levitt Wm. 

Myres John L 

Myres Andrew W 

Parker John " 

Parker Wm " 

Simons Robert " 

Vanwincle Jacob 

1 The numbering of the original roll has been 
corrected on this transcript. 

2 Although Berry inspected the company June 
18, the date of enrollment in U.S. service 
is given as June 19 on the mustering-out 
roll of the Kennerly detachment. The mus- 
tering-out roll of Highsmith's detachment 
gives the date of enrollment as June 16. 
June 19 is probably correct, since the mus- 
tering-out rolls for the other companies in 
the regiment all give that date. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ALEXANDER M. HOUSTON 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Alexr. M. Houston's Company, Second Regiment, Second 
Brigade of Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15th. 
May 1832. 



No. NAMES. 

{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Alexr: M: Houston 

1 George: W: Lago'sv 

2 James, Boatright 

1 O: F: D: Hampton 



2 Levi Harper 



David Porter 
James Christy 
Cornelius Doherty 



2 James, T. Stark 

3 Joseph Jones 



Captain 
1st. Lieut 

2nd. " 

1st. Sergeant 



2nd " 

3rd " 
4th. " 
1st. Corporal 



Crawford 
Do 



Do 
Do 



Do 

Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 



Leave of absence by Genl. Atkinsons 
order dated Aug 4, Fort Crawford 

Ordered on command with baggage 
waggons to Ft. Dixon on the 10th. 
July 1832 

Leave of Absence from Ft. Hamilton 
dated Augt. 4, 1832 



ordered to Ft. Dixon supposed to be 
attached to Captan. Highsmiths Co. 
& dischgd 

ordered to Ft. Dixon supposed to be 
attached to Capt. Highsmiths Co. 
& dischgd 



326 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 \ 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY 



REMARKS. 



4 Renix Heath 

1 Frances Waldrop 

1 Baugher: George. W. 



2 Brashares: Blanton 



3 Bogard: John 

4 Baker: Andrew 

5 Boatright: Alexander 

6 Cruse: Samuel 

7 Danforth: Silus L^ 

8 Doughton: George. R. 



9 Fitch: Edwin 

10 Fowler: Henry 

11 Goodwin: Jehue 

12 Goodwin: Silas 

13 Grinton: Robert 

14 Hutton: John 

15 Hackett: Joseph 



16 Hackett: John. A. 

17 Hawkins: WilHam 



18 Horine: John 

19 Kitchen : Wickliffe 

20 Kuykendal: James 

21 Logan: Alexander 



22 Lackey: Matthew 

23 McCoy: John 



24 Nelly: Johnson 

25 Porter: Robert 

26 Potter: William 

27 Pearson: William 



28 Pearson: Joseph 



Bugler 
Private 



Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 

Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 



Do 
Do 
Do 

Do 
Do 

Do 



Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 


Do 



Do 



Do 



Furloughed at Fort Wilbourn to return 
home Sick 21 June 1832 

Ordered to Ft. Dixon, supposed to be 

attached to Captn. Higlismiths 

Compy & Discharged 
Furloughed from Fort Crawford to go 

home appointed Corpl. 25th June 

1832 



Furloughed at Ft. Hamilton to go home 
Augt. 1, 1832 

Fiu-loughed at Ft. Hamilton to go home 
Aug 4th. 1832 

Ordered to Ft. Dixon & supposed at- 
tached to Captn Highsmiths Compy. 
& discharged 



Ordered to Ft. Dixon, & supposed at- 
tached to Capt Highsmiths Com- 
panj^ & discharged 

appointed Qr. Mastr. Sergt. 10th. July 
1832 

Ordered to Ft. Dixon supposed at- 
tached to Capt Highsmiths Compy. 
& discharged 

absented himself July 6th. 1832 

Fiu-loughed to return home on the 
10th. July 1832 at Fort Cosquenon 

ordered on command with baggage wag- 
gons to Ft. Dixon 10th. July 1832 & 
supposed Furloughed 
absented himself July 6th. 1832 
Ordered to Ft. DLxon supposed at- 
tached to Capt Highsmiths Compy 
& discharged 



Order'd to Ft. Dixon supposed attached 
to Captn. Highsmiths Compy & Dis- 
charged 

Do Do 



Second Eeghnent, Second Brigade, Third Aryny 



327 



No. 


NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 


29 


Pearson: Edwin 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


30 


Phelps: Zalmon 


Do 


Do 


Do Do 


31 


Shaw: SamueP 


Do 


Do 


Furloughed at Ft. Dodge to return 
home Augt. 9, 1832 


32 


Stewart: John 


Do 


Do 




33 


Vanderwenter: John. T. 


Do 


Do 


Order'd to Ft. Dixon, supposed at- 
tached to Captn. Highjsmiths Compy. 
& Discharged 


34 


Wilson: Vastin. J 


Qr. Mr. Sergt. 


Do 


Promoted to Qr. Mr. Sergt. 20th. June 



35 Walters: Jacob 



Private 



Do 



1832 order'd on command with bag- 
gage waggons, supposed fiu-loughed 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

Organised 12th. May 1832, Marched from home on the 2nd. June 1832 by order, 

Mustered into Service 19th. June 1832 

Forage Drawn during Service one half bushel corn for each horse 

Officers Drawn one Ration Each 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Alexander. 
M. Houstons Compamj Second Reg't Second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service 
of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite 
the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation 
exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Alex. M. Houston Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 2nd. Reg't 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted. The sixth and 
tenth columns, headed "Pay" and "Inspec- 
tion Remarks," are blank. The fourth and 
fifth columns state that the company was 
enrolled June 19, 1832, for a period of 90 
days. The eighth column lists those present 
at the muster-out. 

The Recapitulation shows that of the 47 men 
on the roll, 21 were present Aug. 15. The 
absentees included one man who was sick, 
2 on detached service on command, 5 on 
furlough, 2 absent with leave, 2 absent with- 
out leave, 2 who had been promoted, and 
12 who had been discharged in Capt. Wil- 
liam Highsmith's detachment. 

IHi also has a photostat of the duplicate 
mustering-out roll in DNA, which bears Gen. 



Henry Atkinson's AES of approval. Two 
names are spelled differently on the DNA 
roll (Bugler Francis Waldrop and Pvt. 33, 
John T. Vandeventer), and the remark fol- 
io-wing the name of 1st Sgt. Hampton adds 
the phrase, "supposed furloughed." 

The twelve men in Highsmith's detachment 
were discharged Aug. 2 by Capt. Z. C. Pal- 
mer. 

IHi also has the company's mustering-in roll, 
signed by Captain Houston on June 19 and 
countersigned, "E. C. Berry, Adjt. & Inspec- 
tor Genl." The following three men not on the 
mustering-out roll are listed as members of the 
company on June 19: 4th Sgt. Richard H. 
Mauzy, "Promoted on the 16th June to 
Assistant Surgeon" ; Pvt. John C. Alexander, 
"Promoted on the 16th June to 1st Sur- 



328 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



geon" ; and Pvt. Michael Harness, "Taken 
Sick on the 7th of June & returned home 
from Sangamon River." 

Other remarks on the roll follow the names 
of 4th Corp. Renick Heath, marked "Sick" ; 
Pvt. Cyrus L. Danforth, "Promoted the 18th 
June to Quarter Master Sergeant" ; and Pvt. 
James Christy, "appointed Sergt. on the 16th 
June." Bugler Francis Waldrop is listed as 
a private on the June 19 ro!l. 

The following spellings vary from those on 
the Aug. 15 roll: 1st Sgt. Oscar F. D. Hamp- 
ton; 1st Corp. Cornelius Dougherty; 4th 
Corp. Renick Heath; Bugler Francis Wal- 
drop; and Pvts. 2, Blanton Brashears; 6, 
Samuel Crews; 7, Cyrus L. Danforth; 11, 
Jehu Goodwin; 15, Joseph Hacket ; 16, John 
Hacket; 20, James Kuykendall; 22, Matthew 
Lecky; 24. Johnson Keiley ; 29, Edward (not 
Edwin) Pearson; 30, Zilman Phelps; 33, 
John T. Vandeventer; and 34, Vastine J. 
WDson. 



1 Although the June 19 roll of the company 
shows that Danforth was promoted to regi- 
mental quartermaster sergeant, he apparently 
relinquished the post to Vastine J. Wilson 
almost immediately. The mustering-in roll of 
the 2d Regiment staff lists C. L. Danforth 
as quartermaster sergeant, but the mustering- 
out roll makes no mention of Danforth, noting 
instead that Wilson was enrolled in this 
staff position on June 19. Wilson, in turn, 
resigned July 9 and was succeeded by John 
A. Hackett, Pvt. 16 above. 

- Shaw was discharged by Capt. Z. C. Palmer 
at Dixon on A\ig. 11 as a member of a five- 
man detachment. A copy of the detachment 
roll is in IHi: Stevens Coll. The other four 
men discharged at that time were Isaac and 
Martin Ray and Benjamin Hunsakcr from 
Isaac Sandford's company and William 
Waldrope from Thomas B. Ross's company. 
The "Remarks" column states that all five 
were "Reported on furlough." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ELIAS JORDAN 

Muster roll of Captain Elias Jorden's company of mounted volunteers, called and 
mustered into the service of the United States, b.v order of the commander-in-chief 
of the Militia of the State of Illinois, attached to the second regiment and second 
Brigade under the command of Brigadier General Milton K. Alexander from the 
twelfth day of May 1832 to the day of 1832. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



Elias Jordan 


Capt. 


12 May 1832 


Mount 
Carmell 


James Kennerly 


1 Lieut. 


" 




John N. Barnett 


2Lt. 


" 




Jonathan Gilkerson 


1 Sergt. 


" 




James Hickey 


2 Do 


" 




William F. Jaquess 


3 Do 


" 




James Grayson 


4 Do 


" 




Robert R. WiUiamson 


1 Corpl. 


" 




Zachariah Wilson 


2 Do 


" 




WiUiam Tanquary 


3 Do 


" 




Henry Utter 


4 Do 


" 




William C. Fullerton 


private 


" 




Albert Hood 


" 


" 




James S. Haskins 


" 


" 




William Grayson 


" 


" 




Isaac N. Jaquess 


" 


" 




Joseph Lavalett 


" 


" 




Joseph Painter 


" 


" 




Patrick S. Campbell 


" 


" 




Aaron Thrall 


a 


" 





appointed Surgeon June 
19, 1832. 



Second Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



329 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Enrollment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



10 Christopher W. Wright 

11 Robert Campbell 

12 George W. Bowers 

13 Orlando B. Ficklin 



Robert Carlton 
Richard Fortney 
Daniel Fortney 
James Campbell 
TUford Hockersmith 
Charles Beauchamp 
Jacob Arnold 
William Hazleton 
William Eastwood 
Thomas Summers 
Elijah Arnold 
James Majors 
Joseph Summers 
Jason D. Jones 
Thomas jMcWayne 
David Wheeler 
David Majors 
Zachariah Mootry 
Benjamin F. Barnett 
John Shadle 
John McDonald 



Elected Major 16th. 

June 1832 
appointed Qr Master 

18th. June 1832. 



I certify on honor that the above muster roll exhibits the true state of Captain Elias 
Jordan's company of mounted volunteers 2d. Regt. 2d Brig, for the period herein 
mentioned; that the remarks set opposite the name of each officer and soldier are 
accurate and just, and that it exhibits in every particular the true state of the company. 



Dated June 19th. A.D. 1832. 



Elias Jordan Capt Comnding 



[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined this muster Roll, and that 
I have this 19th. June 1832 mustered and minutely inspected the above named com- 
pany of the 2d Regt and 2d Brigade of mounted Volunteers 

E. C. Berry, Adjt & Inspector Genl. 



DS, IHi. The roll is in the handwriting of 
William B. Archer. Columns 6, 7, and 8 
are omitted here. The sixth and seventh col- 
umns are blank, and the eighth gives the 
term of service for which the company en- 
rolled as 90 days. 

Fifteen men from this company, with Lt. 
James Kennerly as their commanding officer, 
were mustered out of service by Lt. Robert 
Anderson on Aug. 15. Attached to Kennerly's 
command were sixteen men from William 



Highsmith's company. IHi has an original 
mustering-out roll for this detachment as well 
as a photostat of a duplicate roll from DNA. 
Both rolls are signed by Kennerly and have 
Anderson's certificate of inspection. The DNA 
roll bears Gen. Henry Atkinson's AES of 
approval and the following note signed by 
Jordan and Bowers: 

I certify that Jason D. Jones teas mustered 
into the service of the V. States as a private 
in my company on the 19th. day of June 



330 



TWO: Black Ilaivk Campaign of 1832 



[18S]S (£ was honorably discharged from the 
service by General Atkinson on the 20t. or 
21st. day of June. His name was omitted 
[on] this muster roll by over sight — c£ / con- 
sider him fully entitled to pay according to 
his service. 

Mt. Oarmel May 1, 1833. 

Elias Jordan Capt 

I am ac[quai]nted with the above circum- 
stances & concur in cert[ifying] to the 
[facts ?] stated. 

GEO W BOWERS Majr. 2(1 R[eg.] 

The names, rank, and remarks below are 
copied from the Kennerly detachment roll 
in IHi: 

Kennerly James 1st Lent. 

Barnett N. John 2sd. Lent. 

on Furlow 7th. A\i^ist 
Grayson James 4th Sargt 

WOson Zachriah 2sd. Corpl. 

on Furlow 7th. August 
[Privates] 
Barnett F. Benjamin 
Carlton Robert 
Campbell Robert 
Campbell Patrick 
Fortney Daniel 

on Furlow 7th. August and horse lost 
Grayson William 
Hood Albert 

on Furlow 7th. August 
Levellett Joseph 
Painter Joseph 
Sumner Thomas 
Sumner Joseph 



The "Record of Events" at the end of the 
roll, also signed "James Kennerly It Lcut," 
includes the following statement on the serv- 
ice of the men from Jordan's company: "this 
Company was organized in Wabash County 
on the i2th Day of May 1832 — ordered to 
march to henipin on the 2sd. Day of June 
1832 — mustred into Service on the 19th June 
1832 this Company furnished themselves 
with 6 Days Rations when ordered to march 
— the officers have Drawen only one Ration 
per Day During the Campaign this Company 
has only Received one half Bushel of Corn 
as forage each man During the whole Cam- 
paign. . . . Detachment of Capt. Elias Jor- 
dans Co 12 Days Rashion [for traveling 
home.]" 

At the end of his mustering certificate, An- 
derson added the note that "the remainder 
of these companies [Jordan's and High- 
smith's] are believed to have been mustered 
out of service by Capn. Parmer — by order 
of Brig Genl. Atkinson." 

Wabash County (1911), 641, prints a roll 
purporting to be that of Kennedy's detach- 
ment. It includes three men not on the 
IHi detachment roll, James Major, Isaac 
Major, and Thomas Danford. Isaac Major 
and Danford do not appear on any of the 
extant original rolls. 

In addition to the three men promoted to 
the staff — Thrall, Bowers, and Ficklin — two 
other men on the mustering-in roll were not 
mustered out on the rolls of either Ken- 
nedy's detachment or Jordan's. They were 
James Majors and David Majors. 



Third Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Regimental Roll of Field and Staff Officers of the 3rd. Regiment, Second Brigade 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers Called into the Service of the United States By the Gov- 
ernor of the said State of Illinois, by his Order of 12th. May 1832 from the date of 
its Enrolment to the 14th. August 1832 the time of Mustering out of Service. 



No. 



Names. 



Rank 



County 



Remarks. 



1 


Hosea Pierce, Colo. 3rd. Regt. 


White 




2 


Cadwallader Jones Lt Col. 3rd. Reg. 


Edwards 




3 


William Eubanks 


Major 


White 


Discharged By Capt Parmer 

[Z. C. Palmer] Aug. 3rd. 


4 


John Eubanks 


Adjutant 


Do. 


Do. Do. Do. Do. 


5 


Alexr. S Roberts 


Sergt. Major 


Do. 


Horse, Saddle & Bridle Lost in 
Service July 4 


6 


Walter L Mayo 


Quarr. Master 


Edwards 




7 


Henry Patilla 
Anderson 


Q. Mas. Sergt. 


White 




8 


Henry Towell 


Pay Master 


Do. 


Horse Lost in Service Aug. 2nd. 
on furlow Aug oth. 


9 


Aaron Trail 


Surgeon 


Wabash 


Discharged By Capt Parmer 

Augt. 3rd. 


10 


Alexr. Steward 


Sm-g. Mate 


White 


Do. Do. Do Do. 



N B. One Half Bushel of Corn to Each Officer is All that was drawn as Forage 
diuing the Campaign and One Ration in Kind Pr. day. 

I Certify on Honour that this Regimental Roll of Field and Staff Officers Under My 
Command Exhibits the true State of Said Command. And that the remarks Set 
opposite the Name of Each Officer Opon the face of the Roll are Correct and Just to 
the Best of My Knowledge and Information 

Hosea Pierce Colo. 3rd. Reg 2 Brigade Ills Volunteers 

[ANS] I Certify on honor that I have carefully examined the above Muster Roll and 
that I have this 15th day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the United 
States the above mentioned Officers by order of Brig Genl Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl 



ADS, IHi. Columns 4, 5, 6, 7, and 9 are 
omitted here. Columns 4, 5, and 6 show that 
the staff was enrolled June 19 for 90 days 



and was entitled to pay from the time of 
enrollment. The seventh column lists those 
present at the muster-out: Pierce, Jones, 



331 



332 



TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 183i 



Roberts, Mayo and Anderson. The ninth col- 
umn, headed "Number of Traveling Rations," 
shows that Pierce, Roberts, and Anderson 
drew rations for 11 days and Jones and 
Mayo, for 12 days. 

IHi also has two musteringin rolls, both 
signed at the foot of the Lower Rapids, Illi- 
nois River. One, dated June 19, was made 
out and signed by E. C. Berry. The other, 
dated merely June, was made out by Joshua 
T. Bradley but also has Berr}''s signature on 
the usual certificate of inspection. Both of 



these rolls give the date of commission as i 

June 17 and the place of rendezvous as Fort \ 

Wilbourn. ( 

Names spelled differently on the Berry ADS: ( 

Aron Thrall, Alexander Stewart, and Henry ( 

P. Aderson (correctly given as "Anderson" ] 
in the "Names Present" column). The other 

roll has these differences from the Aug. 14 I 

roll: Aaron Thrall and Alexander Stewart j 
Both rolls give merely a middle initial for 

Anderson. ' 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN HAYNES 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain John Haynes Company, Third Regiment, Second Bri- 
gade of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. by the Governor's proclamation, dated the 15th 

of May 1832. 



Vo, 


NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


COUNTY. 


REMARKS. 


1 


John Haynes 


Captn. 


White 




1 


Thomas Fields 


1st Lieut. 


" 




2 


Reuben Emerson 


2nd Lieut. 




Supposed to be discharged 
under Capt Jordan halter 
lost 


1 


Martin Johnson 


1st Sargt 


" 


Ditto halter lost bucket pan 
& tin cup 


2 


Pliny H Goudy 


2nd Sargt. 


" 




3 


John Robinson 


3rd Sargt 


" 


Saddle & equipage lost 


4 


Robert Lowry 


4th Sargt 


" 




1 


Jehu Ferryman 


1st Corpl. 




Supposed to be dischardged 
under Captn Jordan Horse 
& equipage lost 


2 


John Herin 


2nd Corpl 


" 


Sick 


3 


Leander W ?iIcKnight 


3rd Corpl. 




Ditto [i.e., supposed to be 
discharged under Capt. 
Jordan] halter lost 


4 


James Fields 


4th Corpl 


" 




1 


Berry Edward 


Private 




Supposed to be dischd under 
Captn Jordan halter lost 


2 


Barnet Harvey 


" 


" 


fiu-loughed on 7th of August 
1832 


3 


Fields William 


« 


" 


Bayonet lost 


4 


Gott Anthony 


" 


" 




5 


Hunter Philip P. 


" 


" 




6 


Hart James W. 


« 


" 




7 


Hood Henry 


" 


« 


Halter lost 


8 


Johnson Arthur L 


" 


" 


Supposed to be dischd under 
Captn Jordan halter lost 


9 


Land John 


" 


" 


Ditto halter lost 



Third Eeghnent, Second Brigade, Third Army 333 



No. 



NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. COUNTY 



REMARKS. 



10 Martin Asa 

11 Moody John 

12 Moore William 

13 McCan Bartholomew 

14 McClarney Robert 

15 Nation Anderson 

16 Nation John 

17 Nation Thomas 

18 Nucum Joseph 

19 Odd John S. 



20 Orr James 

21 Parker Joseph M. 

22 Peacock John 



Porter James 
Porter William 
Patterson Robert 
Parker George C 
Renshaw Ebenezer 



28 Teachner Thaddeus R 

29 Upton John 

30 Wrenwick James 

31 Young Ninian 



fm-loughed on 7th of August 

1832 
supposed to be dischargd 

under Captn Jordan 
furloughed on 7th August 

1832 halter lost 



supposed to be dischargd 

under Captn Jordan 
Ditto halter lost 

Ditto 

Supposed to be dischd under 

Capn Jordan horse and 

equipage lost 
Halter lost ["Supposed to be 

discharged under Captn 

Jordan"] ^ 



Supposed to be discharg[d] 
horse & equipage lost 



Bayonet lost 

Supposed to be dischd under 

Captn Jordan halter lost 
Ditto halter lost 
fm-loughed on 7th August 

1832 halter lost 
Horse lost & halter 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company was organized in the county of White on the 12th day of May 1832. 
Marched according to the order of the Governor on the 29th day of May 1832. Mus- 
tered into the service of the United States on the 19th day of June 1832 each man in 
this company furnished eight days rations for himself & forage for his horse the same 
number of days. Officers have only drawn one ration per day during the whole term 
of service each man was fiunished with one half bushel corn at fort Wilburn as forage. 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. John 
Haynes' Company of Mounted Volunteers 3rd Reg't 2nd Brigade, Illinois Volunteers 
in the service of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" 
set opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; aiid that the 
Recapitulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the company. 

Twelve days rations drawn for the use of my company home Augt 15th 1832 

John Haynes Commanding the Company. 



334 



PART TWO : Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mejitioned Compamj of the 3rd. RegH 2nd Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



CD, IHi. The body of the roll and the 
"signature" are in the same handwriting, 
which is evidently not Haynes's. Ilaynes 
probably did sign the company mustering-in 
roll, which is also in IHi. 

The Recapitulation and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, 
and 10 are omitted here. The Recapitulation 
states that 22 men were present at the 
muster-out, 4 were on furlough, and 16 had 
had been discharged under Capt. Elias Jor- 
dan. The fourth and fifth columns show that 
the company was enrolled in U.S. service 
June 19 for a period of throe months. The 
eighth column lists those present at the mus- 
ter-out; absentees can be determined from 
the remarks. Columns 6 and 10, headed 
"Pay" and "Inspection Remarks," arc blank. 

IHi also has a photostat of a duplicate mus- 
tering-out roll from DNA which has Gen. 
Henry Atkinson's AES of approval. Tliere 
is only one significant variation on the roll: 
James Aud (or Odd), Pvt. 19 above, is 
listed as one of those discharged under Capt. 
Jordan. 

The company mustering-in roll, dated June 
16, was signed by Haynes and has Adj. Gen. 
E. C. Berry's usual certificate of inspection. 
The company was originally enrolled May 
12 at Carmi and included four men not listed 
on the Aug. 15 roll. They were Henry P. 
Anderson, 2d sergeant, "Appointed Qr. Mr. 
Sergt. June 18" 1832"; Alex S. Roberts, 



2d corporal, "Appointed Sergt Major June 
18"; Henry Towell, a private, "Appointed 
Pay Master 16" day June 1832"; and Sidny 
McNutt, a private, who was marked "ab- 
sent." 

Towell is also listed as a private on the 
mustering-in roll of Capt. Daniel Powell's 
company, and McNutt was enrolled in U.S. 
service as a member of that company. 

Listed as privates on the June 16 roll were 
Pliny G. (so given) Goudy, "Elected 2nd. 
Sergt. June 10," and John Herin, who suc- 
ceeded Roberts as 2d corporal. 

Other names with spelling variations on the 
June 16 roll are those of Pvts. 2, Harry 
Barnet; 9, John W. Land; 14, Robert H. 
McLarney; 19, John S. Aud; 23, James 
M. Porter; 27, Ebon Renshaw; and 28, 
Thadeus R. Teachner. 

The name of the 1st corporal is given as 
"John" Perryman. Written in pencil above 
the "o" in "John" was the capital letter 
"E" — an attempt to correct "John" to 
"Jehu." 

1 Although Aud (or Odd) is not listed pres- 
ent on the IHi roll, there is no remark to 
explain his absence. The roll in DNA sup- 
plies the information that he was discharged 
under Captain Jordan. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SOLOMON HUNTER 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Solomon Hunters Company, third Regiment, Second 
Brigade of the Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United 
States on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 
fifteenth May 1832. this company was organised in Edwards County May the fifth 
1832 



No. 



NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Solomon Hunter 



William Carbaugh 
John S Rotramel 
Thomas Gagers 



Capt. 

1st Lieut. 
2nd Lieut. 
1st. Sergt. 



Edwards Sword broke and lost in the 
County servise Value $6.0 



Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 
21st 1832 since discharged 



Third Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



335 



No 


NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK 


2 


Joseph McReiy 


2 Dto 


3 
4 


John Hocking 
John Brown 


3 Dto 

4 Dto 


1 
2 
3 

4 


William H Harper 
Zachariah Boltinghouse 
Hugh Mounts 
James N Harper 


1 Corp. 

2 Dto 
3d Dto 
4th Dto 


1 


Boltinghouse Daniel 


Private 


2 


Birket Thomas 


Dto 


3 


Batson William 


Dto 


4 


Birket Samuel 


Dto 


5 


Charles Sollomon 


Dto 


6 

7 


Case John 
Ciu-tis George 


Dto 
Dto 


8 
9 


Chism Elisha 
Dodd Milton 


Dto 
Dto 


10 
11 


Dorothy Robert 
Everly Nimrod 


Dto 
Dto 


12 


Emmerson Alan 


Dto 


13 


Fortner John 


Dto 


14 


Fortner Henry 


Dto 


15 
16 
17 


Frazier Hiram 
Hamilton WilUam 
Hensley Charles 


Dto 
Dto 
Dto 


18 


Hobson Dyson 


Dto 


19 
20 
21 


Jones William E 
Jennings James 
McKinney William 


Dto 
Dto 
Dto 


22 


McRacken Hugh 


Dto 


23 
24 


Melrose William 
Michaels Sumner 


Dto 
Dto 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



left sick at Fort Wilbourn June 
20th. 1832 

Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 
21st. 1832 since discharged 

Furloughed 7th of August 1832 
Furloughed 7th of August 1832 
Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 

21st. 1832 since discharged 
left Sick at Fort Wilbourn 20th 

of June 1832 
left Sick at Fort Wilbom-n 20th 

of June 1832 
Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 

21st 1832 since discharged 
Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 

21st 1832 since discharged 
Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 

21st 1832 Since discharged 

lost sorrell mare at Fort 

Cos[co]nong 

Ordered to Dixons Ferry July 
21st Since discharged 

Ordered to Dixons July 21st 
since discharged 

Ordered to Fort Wilbourn June 

25th. 1832 sine discharged 
promoted to Sergant June 20th. 

1832. 
left Sick at Fort Wilbourn June 

20th 
left on foot at Fort Wilbourn 

June 20th. 

Furloughed August 7th 

left Sick at Fort Wilbourn June 

21st 
Ordered to Dixons July 21st 

since discharged 



Ordered to Dixons July 21st. 

Since discharged 
left Sick at Fort Wilbourn June 

20th 
Furloughed August 4th 
Furloughed August 4th 



336 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. NAMES. 

{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



25 Morris Miles 



26 Morris George 



27 Miflin WiUiam 



Dto 



Dto 



Dto 



28 
29 
30 


Morse Moses 
Rise Mathew 
Robinson John G 


Dto 
Dto 
Dto 


31 
32 


Snell William 
Skinner Thomas W 


Dto 
Dto 


33 


Trescoat William 


Dto 


34 
35 


Thomson Francis B 
Tait John 


Dto 
Dto 


36 


Vincent James 


Dto 


37 


Vincent Josiah 


Dto 


38 


William Jonathan 


Dto 



Ordered to Dixons July 6th since 
discharged lost a Grey mare 
near Mudy Lake 

Ordered to Dixons July 6th since 
discharged lost a black horse 
same place [Muddy Lake] 

Ordered to Dixons July 6th since 
discharged 

Furloughed August 4th 

Ordered to Dixons July 21st. 
since discharged lost sorrel 
horse at Fort Winebago 

Ordered to Dixons July 21st. 

since discharged 
Ordered to Dixons July 21st. 

since discharged 
Furloughed July 15th 1832 
ordered to Dixons July 21st. 

since discharged 
discharged at Fort Wilbourn 

June 20th for disabillity 
Ordered to Dixons July 6th since 

discharged 
left Sick at Fort Wilbourn June 

20th 



The above ordered to Dixons Ferry are said to have been discharged under Capt 
E Jordan^ 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This Company was organised in Edwards County on the fifth day of may 1832. mached 
according to the Governors order for Henipen June 1st. 1832 was mustered into the 
service of the United States on the 19th day of June 1832 

Each man of the company furnished six days Rations for himself and Horse The 
officers of said company drew one Ration per day in kind. And the officers and men 
about one half Bushel of corn as forage during the whole campaign. 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Solomon 
Hunters Company belonging to the third RegH second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in 
the service of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set 
opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; a7id that the Re- 
capitulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. The Rations 
drawn by the above company for the purpose of traveling home was twelve days to 
each man of flour bacon & salt 

Solomon Hunter Commanding the Company. 
[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 



Third Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



337 



that I have this 15th. day of Augiist 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Compamj of the 3rd. Reg't 2nd. Brigade by order of Brigr. Genl. 
Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The sentence immediately below 
the list of names and the statement about 
rations in the captain's certificate are in 
Hunter's hand\\Titing. The Recapitulation 
and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted 
here. Column 4 gives the date of enrollment 
in U.S. service as June 19, and Column 8 
lists those present at the muster-out ; the 
others are blank. 

IHi also has a photostat of the mustering-out 
roll in DNA which has Gen. Henry Atkin- 
son's AES of approval. The roU is in a 
different handwriting from that on the IHi 
roster. See the spelling variations listed be- 
low. Both the IHi and DNA musteringout 
rolls list Walter L. Mayo as a private in 
the company, with the notation that he was 
promoted to quartermaster June 18, and on 
both rolls the entry has been crossed out. 

IHi has, in addition, the company's muster- 
ing-in roll, dated June 19. It was signed by 
Hunter and has Adj. Gen. E. C. Berry's 
certificate of inspection. On this roll the 
remark opposite Mayo's name gives the date 
of his appointment as June 17. Additional 
remarks follow the names of Henry Fortner, 
"no horse — lost 17 June 1832," and James 
Vincent, "unfit for duty." 

The following are spellings on the June 19 
roll in IHi and the Aug. 15 roll in DNA 
which differ from those above : 

1st Lt. William Carabaugh 
William Carabaugh 



2d Lt. John T. Rotramel 

John S. Rotrammel (Rotramel in "Names 

Present" column) 
1st Sgt. Thomas Jaggers 

Thomas Jaggers 
2d Sgt. Joseph McCreary 

Joseph McCreary 
2d Corp. Zakariah Boltenhouse 
Privates 
Nos. 

2. Thomas Bekett Thomas Birkett 

4. Samuel Berkett Samuel Birkett 

5. Solomon Charles Solomon Charles 
8. Elisha Chisum 

12. Allen Emmerson 

15. Hiram Frazer Hiram Frazer 

18. Dison Hobson Dison Hobson 

22. Hugh McKrakin Hugh McCrackin 

24. Sumner Michels Sumner Michels 

27. William Mifflin William Mifflin 

28. Moses Moss Moses Moss 

29. Mathew Rice Matthew Rice 

33. William Truscott William Truscott 

34. F. B. Thompson F[rancis] Tliompson 
38. Jonathan WOliams J[onathan] Wil- 
liams 

1 Four men from this company were mus- 
tered out of service on Aug. 2 in a detach- 
ment commanded by Isaac Parmenter, adju- 
tant of the 2d Regiment, 2d Brigade. 

A roll of the detachment mustered out under 
Capt. Elias Jordan is printed in the last 
chapter of 3d Army rolls. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN CHAMPION S. MADING 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Champion S Madings Company, Third Regiment, 2 
Brigade of Illinois Mounted Volentears called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated loth May 
1832. this compny was organized & thire offisers comissioned 5 May 1832 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Chamion S. Mading Capt. 



1 William Curtis. 



1 Leiut. 



Edwards 1 Black Horse left by force march 2nd of Au- 
County gust $57.00 on the MLss the Day of Battle 

sadle &C 
Ferlowed 7 Augst at P. Dusha [Prairie du 

Chien] 1 Bay horse left 22 of July Broke 

down & left $55.00 



338 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No 


NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 


RANK. 


2 


Thomas Sanders 


2 Leiut. 


1 


James Hunt 


1st Sgt. 


2 


James Edmonson 


2— Do 


3 


James Elison 


3 Do 


4 


John Edmonson 


4. Do 


1 


Samuel Edmonson 


2 Corp. 


1 
2 


Bogard David 
Cooper John 


private 
Do 


3 
4 


Garland Joseph 
Greatehouse David 


Do 
Do 


5 


Hill Starlin 


Do 


6 


Michel WUliam 


Do 


7 
8 
9 


Mounts Stepen 
Pixley Luis 
Russel Robert. 


Do 
Do 
Do 


10 


Reatherford Josiah 


Do 


11 
12 
13 


Shelby David 
Shelby Evan 
Sams L. B. 


Do 
Do 
Do 


14 


Shores William 


Do 


15 


Spring Henary 


Do 


16 


Stinnet John 


Do 


17 


Waldrip John 


Do 



REMARKS. 



6 Days furnishd at Each mans Exspince^ 

main Spring US. gun Broke 

12 Days Rastion Drawn for 21 men 15th 

Augst2 



Ferlowd 7th Augst at P Dusha one Sorrel horse 
Broke down the 20th of July Sadie &C. 

Ferlowd 7th Augst at P. Dusha one Bay horse 
Broke down the 2nd of August the day of 
Batle 

Boyonit US gun Lost 



main Spring U. S. gun Lock Broke 



Ferlowd 7th Augst at P Dusha 1 sorrel horse 
Broke down the 2 of August day of Batle 

Ferlowd 3 Augst at Battle ground on masipi 

N B no Rastions Only as privates Drawn by 
any commisioned offiser in my compay & 
only }/2 Bush corn Drawn of Each man Dur- 
ing the time of Service only }/2 Galon Spirits 
by the company & not one lb. of Baggwoge 
HawUed or packed for any offiser comisoned 
in ny company 



1 


James Bell 


1 corple 


3 
4 

1 


Elijah Wilson 
William Bingaman 
John Drury 


3 Do Do 

4 Do Do 
Musit. 


1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 


B[enn]it James 
Copney Gordian 
Kelly Milton 
Lay Josiah 
Mading Robt. 
McKinney Alford 
Moor Harrison 


private 
Do Do 
Do Do 
Do Do 
Do 

Do Do 
Do Do 


8 


Mays Matthew 





Mustered owt of Service at Fort Dixson under 
comand of Capt Jordion [Elias Jordan] of 
the Second Regmet. & Second Brigwade 



Tliird Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



339 



No. 



NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Mounts Joseph 
Shelbj' Johnathan 
Threaid Robt. 
Theaid James 
Underwood Alexander 
Warren William R. 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company was ordered to Randavouse at Henipin on the 10th June 1832 & arrived 
thare the 11 & was musterade in 19 at Fort Wibourn 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Champion 
S Mading Company of the 3 Reg't & Second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service 
of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite 
the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation 
exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

C. S. Mading Capt. Coynmanding the Jompany. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this loth, day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Cojnpany of the 3 RegH 2nd. Brigade by Order of Brigr. Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. Most of the remarks on the first 
half of the roll, the note below the name 
of John Waldrip, all of the second half of 
tlie roll, and the "Record of Events" are in 
Mading's handwriting. 

The Recapitulation and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, 
and 10 are omitted here. Columns 4 and 5 
state that the company was enrolled in U.S. 
service on June 19", 1832, for 90 days. Col- 
umns 6 and 10, headed "Pay" and "Inspec- 
tion Remarks," are blank. Column 8 lists 
those present at the muster-out; absentees 
can be determined from the remarks. Karnes 
with spelling variations in the eighth column 
are those of Samuel Edmondson, D. Bogart, 
Starlen Hill, William Mitchil, Stephen 
Mounts, Robert Rusel, Josiah Reather, and 
L. B. Sames. 

IHi also has a mustering-in roll, dated June 
19, 1832, with the captain's signature "Cham- 
pion S. Mading" and Adj. Gen. E. C. 
Berry's certificate of inspection. Cadwallader 
Jones, later lieutenant colonel of the regi- 
ment, is entered as a private on this roll 
with the remark, "Elected Major May [June] 
15th 1832." The only other remark on the 
roll states that six days' rations were found 
by each man. 

Tlie following names on the June 19 roll 



have spelling variations from those printed 
above : 

Group I : 

Capt. Champion S. Mading 
3d Sgt. James Ellison 
Pvts. 1. David Bagwarde 
4. David Greathouse 

6. William MitcheU 

7. Stephen Mounts 

8. Lewis Pixley 

9. Robert Russell 
10. Josiah Retherford 

12. Evin Shelby 

13. Littleberry Sames 

14. Thomas Shors 

15. Henry Spring 

16. John Stinnett 

17. John Waldriss 



Group II : 

4th Corp. William Bengamon 

Pvts. 1. James Bennett 

2. Gordon Copney 

6. Alford McKinny 

7. Harrison Moore 

8. Mathew Mays 

10. Jonathan Shelby 

11. Robert Theorid 

12. James Theroid 



340 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



The June 19 roll shows that the company 
was originally enrolled at Albion on May 5. 



1 This remark should have accompanied the 
captain's statement about rations. 



2 This remark probably has no special rela 
tion to Ellison but applies to the company as 
a whole. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN DANIEL POWELL 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Daniel Powell's Company, third Regiment, Second Bri- 
gade Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 15th May 1832. 

REMARKS. 



Furlowed At Coscanon by Gnl. Atkinson 
orded — to dickson supposed discharged 
horse— lost June the 28—1832— 
Fiu-lowd At prairie Dusha by Danil powell 

capt 
orded to dickson supposed discharged 

furlowd August 6the— 

orded to dickson supposed discharged horse 

and Equippage lost 
orded to dicksons supposed discharged 
orded — to dickson supposed discharged 
orded — to dickson supposed discharged 
orded — to dickson supposed discharged 
furlowd August 6the 

furlowd August 6the 



orded to dickson supposed discharged 
furlowed — August — 6the 

horse &c — Equippage lost August lithe 
orded — to — dickson supposed discharged 
Sick 



orded — to dicksons supposed discharged 
orded — to dickson supposed — discharged 
horse lost August: 13the— 1832 
orderd — to dicksons supposed discharged 
orderd — to dickson supposed discharged 



No. 


NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 


RANK. 


COUNTY. 


1 


Daniel Powell 


Capt. 


White 


2 


Joshua Blackard 


1st. Lieut. 


Same 


3 


James Eubanks. 


2nd Lieut 


Same 


1 


William Taylor 


1st. Sergt. 


Same 


2 


Thomas M Vineyard 


2nd " 


Same 


3 


Thomas Joyner. 


3rd " 


Same 


4 


William Vickers 


4th " 


Same 


1 


Alexd. McKinsey 


1st Corpl. 


Same 


2 


John E. Ogburn 


2nd Corpl. 


Same 


3 


Benjamin Rainy 


3rd " 


Same 


4 


William Miller 


4th " 


Same 


1 


Thomas Tary 


Musicion 


Same 


1 


Asque Elisha 


Private 


Same 


2 


Briant Henry 


Same 


Same 


3 


Barnet James 


Same 


Same 


4 


Brill, John A. 


Same 


Same 


5 


Bowers Singleton 


Same 


Same 


6 


BriU Alfred S. 


Same 


Same 


7 


Bennett Asa L. 


Same 


Same 


8 


Bryant Daniel 


Same 


Same 


9 


Chapman William 


Same 


Same 


10 


Carson John 


Same 


Same 


11 


Colbert John 


Same 


Same 


12 


Delap John 


Same 


Same 


13 


Daviss Isaac 


Same 


Same 


14 


Daviss William 


Same 


Same 


15 


Eubanks James [Jr.] ^ 


Same 


Same 


16 


Gross William 


Same 


Same 


17 


Garrett Peter. 


Same 


Same 


18 


Hoskins John 


Same 


Same 


19 


HoUin Hezekiah 


Same 


Same 


20 


Lewis Jeremiah T. F. 


Same 


Same 


21 


Lasiter Enos A. 


Same 


Same 


22 


McNut Sydney 


Same 


Same 


23 


Netser James 


Same 


Same 


24 


Pierce Moses. 


Same 


Same 


25 


Pierce James 


Same 


Same 



orderd — to dickson supposed discharged 
orded — to dickson supposed discharged 



Third Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



341 



No 


NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 


RANK. 


COUNTY. 


26 


Pool Thomas 


Same 


Same 


27 


Trousdale Abner L. 


Same 


Same 


28 


Tucker Woody 


Same 


Same 


29 


Trout Daniel 


Same 


Same 


30 


Vickers Thomas 


Same 


Same 


31 


Vaughn William H. 


Same 


Same 


32 


Vickers Ely. 


Same 


Same 


33 


Waters Thomas 


Same 


Same 


34 


Willis James. 


Same 


Same 


35 


Williams Alexander 


Same 


Same 


36 


Willis Alfred. 


Same 


Same 


37 


Burnett David P. 


Same 


Same 


38 


Butts James W. G. 


Same 


Same 


39 


Everlett John 


Same 


Same 


40 


Porter Robert [W.] 


Same 


Same 


41 


Rodgers Reuben. 


Same 


Same 


42 


Todd Thomas 


Same 


Same 


43 


Marion Bartholomew 


Same 


Same 



REMARKS. 



orderd — to dickson supposed discharged 



horse— and Equippage lost July 3the 1832— 
furlowd — August 6the — 
horse lost August — 15—1832 
furlowd— August Bthe hors & Equippage lost 
— August 6the and catridg box 



orded — to dicksons supposed — discharged 
orderd — to dickson supposed discharged 

horse lost June the 28 
order to dickson supposed discharged horse 

lost 

Left sick at Wilburn on furlow — June 20the 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This — company — was — inrold May 12the. 1832 And was — orderd to march to Henepin 
And struck — the line — of march on the — 29the — day — of May — from Carmi — With 
six — days — Rasions — for man and horse — and since — in servis — drew three Gallons — 
of corn for each — horse — Also — officers drew single Rasions — as — privates &c — 

I CERTIFY, on hnnor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Danl. 
Powell's Company Thu"d Reg't Second Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

August: 15th Drew: 12 days rastions to returne home on 

Daniel Powell Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on ho7wr, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 3rd. Reg't 2nd. Brigade by order of Brigr. 
Genl. Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns Colunm 10, "Inspection Remarks," is blank. 



4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. Columns 
4 and 5 show that the company was enrolled 
in U.S. service on June 19, 1832, for three 
months. Column 6, headed "Pay," states, 
"No paj-ment Made." The eighth column lists 
those men present at the muster-out; ab- 
sentees can be determined from remarks. 



The eighth column and the "Remarks" col- 
umn are in a different handwriting from that 
of the first seven columns, and there are, 
as a result, numerous spelling variations in 
names: Pvts. 3, James Burnett; 21, Eneas 
Lasiter; 24, Moses Pearce ; 25, James 



342 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Pearce; 28, Wooddy Tucker ; 32, Eli Vickers ; 
34, James "Williss ; and 36, Alfred Williss. A 
few of the remarks were added by the cap- 
tain. 

The Recapitulation gives the number of com- 
pany members present on Aug. 15 as 27 ; 
9 were on furlough; and 19 had been dis- 
charged earlier. 

A separate roll for the eighteen noncom- 
missioned officers and privates under Lt. 
James Eubanks, who were mustered out Aug. 
2 at Dixon by Capt. Zalmon C. Palmer, is 
in DNA; IHi has photostat. This detachment 
roll gives the enrollment date as June 16 
instead of June 19. A note at the head 
of the "Remarks" column, probably written 
by a U.S. pajTiiaster, reads: "Detached from 
the Company 1.5 July according to testimony 
of Lt Eubanks." 

The number of rations drawn by each man 
for traveling home is either ten or eighteen. 
The figure is unclear. Seven of the men 
owed the sutler amounts ranging from $1.00 
to $5.00. The only remarks on the roll con- 
cern property losses. 

The following names have spelling variations 
on the detachment roll : 3d Sgt. Thomas 
Joiner; 3d Corp. Benj. Ranney; Musician 
Thomas Terry; and Pvts. 1, Elisha Askey; 
7, Asa L. Bennet; 16, William Gro.se; 18, 
John Haskins; 19, Hesekiah Holland; 22, 
Sidney McNut (McNutt in the "Names 
Present" column); 23, James Netsor; 39, 



John Evolet; and 41, Reuben Rogers. 

IHi also has a company mustering-in roll, 
dated June 19, signed by the captain, and 
bearing Adj. Gen. E. C. Berry's certificate 
of inspection. The following three men, not 
on the Aug. 2 or Aug. 15 rolls, were mem- 
bers of the company at that time: John 
Eubanks, 1st sergeant, "Appointed Adjutant 
June 18th" ; Henry Towell, a private, "Ap- 
pointed Pay Master June 18th" (he is also 
listed as a private on the mustering-in roll 
of John Haynes's company) ; and William 
Eubanks, a private, "Elected Major June 
15th. 1832." 

The only other remark on the roll follows the 
name of William Taylor, then a private, 
"Elected 1st Sergeant June 18th." 

Names with spelling variations on the June 
19 roll are those of 1st Corp. Alexander 
McKinzy; 2d Corp. John Augburn ; 3d Corp. 
Benjamin Rany; Musician Thomas Terry; 
and Pvts. 2, Henry Bryant; 3, James Bar- 
nett; 12, John Delapp; 13, Isaac Davis; 14, 
William Davis; 16, William Grose; 18, John 
Haskins; 19, Hezekiah Hollon ; 21, Enas A. 
Lasiter; 22, Sidney McNut; 26, Thomas 
Poole; 27, Abner L. Trousdel ; 31, William 
H. Vaugn; 32, Eli Vickers; 33, Thomas 
Walters; 37, David P. Burnet; 39, John 
Evelett; and 41, Reuben Rogers. 

1 The company roster in Elliott, 44, tran- 
scribed from the mustering-out roll in DNA, 
supplies the "Jr." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM THOMAS 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain William Thomas Company, Third Regiment, second 
Brigade of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. by the Governor's proclamation, dated the June 

[May] 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS.^ 



1 William Thomas 

1 Henry Horn 

2 Joel Rice 

1 Thomas Culbreth Senr. 

2 John M Wilson 



Peter Miller 
Enoch B Hargrave 
Wesley Jamison 
James B Thomas 
William Null 
Green Bowin 



Captn. 
1st Leiwt. 
2nd Leiwt. 
1st Sargt 
2nd " 

3rd " 
4th " 
1st Corpl. 
2nd " 
3rd " 
4th « 



White 



Supposed to be discharged under Captn 

Jordan 
furloughed 6th August 1832. 
Supposed to be dischd under Captn Jordan 



Third Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Army 



343 



No. NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



remarks: 



1 William Greer 

1 Anderson Bayless 

2 Byrd John 

3 Bowin William 

4 Bowin Joshua 

5 Brown Joseph 

6 Clarke Benjamin 

7 Chism James 

8 Culbreth Thomas Junr 

9 Clyburn James F. 

10 Goodman Joseph 

11 Gardner Thomas 

12 Goodwin Miles 

13 Harman Daniel 

14 Hargraves Samuel 

15 Hogue Lewis B. 

16 Harman John 

17 Jamison John D. 

18 Johnson William 

19 Mears James 

20 Mears Alexander 

21 Miller William 

22 Mears Mark 

23 Russel Hiram A 

24 Staley Ezekiel 

25 Thomas John 

26 Woods Thomas 

27 Wilson William B 

28 Vineyard Joshua 



Musician 
Private 



furloughed 7th August 1832 

Ditto. 6th August 1832 horse & equip- 
age lost 

Supposed to be discharged under Captn 
Jordan horse & equipage lost. 

furloughed 6th August 1832 horse & equip- 
age lost 

furloughed 6th August 1832 

Supposed to be discharged under Captn 
Jordan 



Supposed to Be Discharged. By Capt 
Jordan . . . horse & equipage lost 

[Supposed to be discharged under Capt. 
Jordan; horse & equipage lost.] 

Supposed to be dischd under Captn Jordan 

[Supposed to be discharged under Capt. 
Jordan] horse & equipage lost 



Horse & equipage lost 



Supposed to be discharged under Captn 
Jordan 

furloughed 20th June 1832 horse & equip- 
age lost 

furloughed 7th August 1832 

left sick at fort Wilbourn June 20th 1832 

furloughed 7th August 1832 Horse & equip- 
age lost 



fiu-loughed 7th August 1832 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company was organised in the county of White on the twelfth day of May 1832. 

Marched according to order by the Govenor on the 29th daj' of May 1832. 

Mustered into the service of the United States on the 19th day of Jime 1832. 

Each man in this company furnished 8 days Rations for himself & forage for his 
Horse same number of days 



Officers have only drawn one Ration pr. day during the whole term of service 



344 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Each man was furnished with one half Bushel of corn at Fort Wilburn as forage. 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. William 
Thomas Cortipany of Mounted Volunteers 3rd Reg't 2nd Brigade, Illinois Volunteers 
in the service of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" 
set opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Re- 
capitulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

15 days Rashions drown for youse of my company home august 15th 1832 

William Thomas Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll and that 
I have this 15th day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the 3rd. Reg't 2nd. Brige Illinois Volunteers by order 
of Brig Genl. Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. The 
Recapitulation shows that 21 company mem- 
bers were present at the muster-out, 9 were 
on furlough, one was sick, and 9 had been 
discharged earlier. Columns 4 and 5 show 
that the company was enrolled in U.S. serv- 
ice June 19 for three months. Columns 6 
and 10, "Pay" and "Inspection Remarks," 
are blank. Column 8, probably in the cap- 
tain's handwriting, lists those present. The 
following are variant spellings in Column 8: 
1st Sgt. Thomas Calbreth, Sr. ; 1st Corp. 
Wesley Jamerson : and Pvts. 7, James 
Chisum; 8, Thomas Calbreth, Jr.; 13, Daniel 
Harmon; 16, John Harmon; 17, John D. 
Jamerson; and 23, Hiram A. Russell. 

IHi also has the June 19 mustering-in roll, 
signed by Thomas and bearing Adj. Gen. E. 
C. Berry's certificate of inspection. The 
June 19 roll includes two privates not given 
above. Thev are Jacob Mathers and Richard 



Collard, both marked "Absent June 16 1832." 
The only other remark on the roll follows 
the name of Mark Mears, Pvt. 22 above. 
On June 19 he was listed "Sick." 

The mustering-in roll shows that the com- 
pany was enrolled at Carmi, White County, 
on May 12. Names spelled differently are 
as follows: 1st Sgt. Thomas Calbreatli; 3d 
Sgt. Peter Millar; 4th Sgt. Enock Hargraves ; 
1st Corp. Westlay Jamason ; 4th Corp. Green 
Bowen; and Pvts. 1, Balas Anderson; 3, 
William Bowen; 4, Joshua Bowen; 6 Benga- 
min Clark; 7, James Chisam; 8, Thomas Cal- 
breath, Jr.; 9, James F. Clibourn; 10, 
Joseph Goodmon ; 12, Miles Goodwinn; 16, 
John Harmon; 17, John D. Jamason; 18, 
William .Johnsten ; 21, William Y. Millar; 
and 24, Ezekel Stalay. 

1 Remarks inserted in brackets are repre- 
sented by "Ditto" or "Do." on the original. 



Spy Battalion, Second Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & Staff of the Spy Battalion of the 2nd Brigade of Illinois 
Mounted Volunteers in the Service of the United States under command of Brigadier 
General Atkinson 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Residence 



Remarks 



William McHenry 
Nineveh Shaw 
Joseph T. Eccles 
Justin Harlan^ 

George Flanigan 
Albert G. Rucker 
James Grimes 
Samuel A. Boseman 



Major 
Adjutant 
Quarter Master 
Pay Master 

Surgeon 
Surgeon's Mate 
Sergt. Major 
Qr. Mr. Sergt. 



White County 
Clark County 
White County 
Clark County 

Adams County 
Lawrence County 
White County 
White County 



Fiu-loughed at Prairie 

Du Chien 
on Detached Service 



Note William McHenry was enrolled as captain on the 12th day of May Ninevah 
Shaw as a private on the 5th day of June, Joseph T. Eccles as a private on the 12th 
day of May Justin Harlan as 2nd Lieut on the 5th day of June — George Flanigan & 
Albert G. Rucker as privates on the 5th day of May & James Grimes & Samuel A 
Boseman as privates on the 12th day of May 1832 and have never drawn but one ration 
each during their term of Service 

I certify on honor that the above Muster Roll exhibits the true State of the Field 
& Staff of the Spy Battalion under my command 

Given at Dixons Ferry Rock River, Illinois this 14th day of August 1832 

William McHenry magr 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the above Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 14th. day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the United 
States the above mentioned officers by order of Brigr. Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl 



DS. IHi. Columns 4, 5, and 7, omitted here, 
state that the staff was enrolled June 18 for 
90 days and list those present at the muster- 
out. Only Harlan and Flanagan were absent. 

IHi also has two mustering-in rolls for this 
staff, both dated at the foot of the Lower 



Rapids of Illinois River, June 18, 1832. 
Both rolls have E. C. Berry's certificate of 
inspection. One entire roll is in Berry's hand- 
writing, and the other is in Joshua T. Brad- 
ley's. On the Berry ADS, the pajinaster's 
name is given "Justin Martin" (his fuU 
name was Justin Martin Harlan) and the 



345 



346 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Camimign of 1832 



surgeon's name, "George Flannagan." On 
the other roll, the adjutant's name is given 
"Niniveh Shaw"; the paymaster's, "Justin 
Harlin" ; and the surgeon's, "Geo. Flanna- 
gen." 

1 The position of volunteer staff paymaster en- 



tailed no duties as such during the cam- 
paign. Harlan continued to serve as 2d lieu- 
tenant of Capt. John F. Richardson's com- 
pany of the 2d Brigade Spy Battalion until 
he was furloughed at Prairie du Chien on 
Aug. 4. See the company roll and Atkinson 
to Harlan, July 20. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ABNER GREER 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Abner Greer's Company, Spy Battalion, 2nd. Brigade, 
of 111. Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the requisi- 
tion of Gen. Henry Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Abner Greer 


Captain 


Lawrence 


2 David D. Marney 


1st. Lieutenant 


" 


3 Aron Wells 


2nd. Lieutenant 


" 


1 E. Z Ryan 


1st. Seargt. 


« 


2 William R Jackman 


2nd. Do 


" 


3 Mason Jones 


3rd. Do 


« 


4 Alex. H Gilmore 


4th. Do 


" 


5 James Gadd 


1st. Corl. 


" 


6 Thomas B. Spencer 


2nd. Do 


« 


7 Jeremiah Cawthorn 


3rd. Do 


« 


8 Thomas J. England 


4th. Do 


« 


1 Andrews Silas 


Private 


" 


2 Blizard Thomas 


Do 


« 


3 Baird Proctor B. 


Do 


" 


4 Baird James 


Do 


" 


5 ClubbEli 


Do 


« 


6 Cooper John 


Do 


" 


7 Dudley Joshua 


Do 


" 


8 Dickerson George 


Do 


" 


9 Evans William 


Do 


" 


10 England David 


Do 


« 


11 Fyte Moses 


Do 


" 


12 FyffeE. P. 


Do 


« 


13 Galaspie WUliam 


Do 


" 


14 Gibbons Harvy 


Do 


" 


15 Grass Alfred H. 


Do 


« 


16 Jenady Joseph 


Do 


« 


17 Johnston Abner 


Do 


" 


18 Johnston Robert 


Do 


« 


19 Lower William 


Do 


" 



Lost 1 pr. pistols worth SI 5. 27 June 

private Property 
Lost Horse and Equipage valued @ $94 

July 24 on Furlough [Aug. 2] 
Lost Horse & Equipage valued at $95. 

2d. Augt. [absent on furlough] 
Furloughed 11 Augt. [at Fort Dodge] 
Lost Horse & Equipage Valued at $70 50 

Furloughed 

Lost Horse & Equipaged valued at $91 

(Furloughed) 
Furloughed to return home 

Lost Horse and Equipage 
Furloughed, Lost Horse & Equipage 
Laust Horse & Equipage 

Laust Horse [and equipage] 

On furlow 14th. August 1832 

Lost Horse & Equipage on duty 19th 

July2 
Furlowed 14th. Augst. 
Left on duty 19th. July 
Lost Horse & Equipage, fiulowed 7th 

Augst. 

Furlowed to go home 11th. Augst. 
Left sick 19th. July' 



Lost Horse & Equipage & furlowed 7th. 

Augt.* 
Furlowed 14th. Augst. 
Furlowed 7th. Augst. ^ 



Spy Battalion, Second Brigade, Third Army 



347 



No. NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS.^ 




{Privates in Alpha- 












betical order. ) 












20 Lackey John 


Do 


« 




Laust Horse & left on duty 19th. 


July 


21 Lackey Thomas 


Do 


" 




Left on duty 19th. July 




22 NeelJames 


Do 


" 




Left sick 19th. July 




23 Rawlings Nathan 


Do 


" 




Furlowed 14th. August 




24 Richards Newton 


Do 


" 








25 Rucker Albert G.^ 


Do 


" 


" 






26 Small Thomas H. 


Do. 


" 


« 






27 Seeds William 


Do 


" 


" 


Laust Horse & Equipage 




28 Williams John 


Do 


" 


" 


Discharged 19th. July 




29 Fish Josiah 


Do 


" 


" 






30 Perkins Thomas 


Do 


" 


" 


Furlowed 14th. Augst. 




31 Jackman Bazel 


Do 


" 


« 






32 Young Jacob 


Do 


" 


" 


Laust Horse & Equipage 




33 Young Jonathan 


Do 


" 


" 






34 Kellam Gideon 


Do 


" 


" 


On duty 19th. July 




35 Kirkling Williamson 


Do 


" 


" 


On duty 20th. June 




36 Selby Josiah 


Do 


« 


« 


On duty 24th. June 




37 Pumfrey Lowami 


Do 


« 


" 


Left sick 19th. July 




38 Edwin Pollard 


Do 


" 


" 







RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This Company was organized and enrolled on the 5th day of May 1832 and took up 
a line of March for Fort Wilbourne on the 2nd day of June 1832 and were mustered 
into the service of the United States on the 19th day of June 1832. And the officers 
of the Company have never drawn more than one ration each, the Company furnished 
Six days travelling rations at their own expense when taking up a Une of March. 

The camp equipage receipted for by me for the use of the company have been un- 
avoiedably lost, or worn out in the survice. 
The articles received was 
25 Halters 

1 Axfe 

2 Tin Buckets 

3 " Cups 

1 " Pan 

2 Frying do. 

1 Coffee BoUer 
Traveling rations from this place 14 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Abner 
Greer's Compariy Spy Battalion 2nd Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in, the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 
of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Capt. A. Greer Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service cf the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the Spy Battn. 2nd. Brigade by order of Brig Genl. 
Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



348 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



DS, I Hi. The statement regarding lost equip- 
age in the "Record of Events" is in the 
captain's handwriting. The Recapituiation 
and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted 
here. The Recapitulation shows the total com- 
pany strength at the time of the muster-out 
as forty-seven. Two men on the above roll, 
Pvts. 15 and 25, Alfred H. Grass and Albert 
G. Rucker, were mustered out on staff rolls 
and not with the company. 

Columns 4, 5, and 6 state that the company 
was enrolled May 5, 1832, for 90 days and 
was entitled to pay from the time of en- 
rollment. Column 10, "Inspection Remarks," 
is blank. Column 8 lists twenty men present 
Aug. 15. The following four names have 
spelling variations in this column: 3d Corp. 
Jeremiah Cauthorn and Pvts. 14, Harvy 
Gibens; 16, Joseph Jenedy; and 27, William 
Seads. 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of a 
duplicate mustering-out roll. The DNA roll 
has General Atkinson's AES of approval and 
the following NS about the service of a 
company private: 

Thomas Spencer, a private of this company 
was mustered, into the service of the V . 
States as a private of the company mounted, 
armed & equipped, on the 19t. of Juvc 1S32 
at Ft Wilburn. He served through the cam- 
paign d: left the company in charge of a 
disabled man (T. B. Spencer) on the lOt. or 
lit. of August, four or five days before the 
company ivas mustered out of service <£ hi/i 
name was omitted upon this muster roll by 
oversight. He should have been mustered 
out of service upon this roll — <S is fully en- 
titled to pay during the full term with the 
company — To the truth of which I hereby 
certify upon honor 

Lawrenceville May 3d. 1833. 

A. Greer Capt. com. Com. 
We certify to the truth of the above state- 
ment. 

Sand. Adams Col. 2nd. Regt. 
J M McLean [Pay] M[as]t 2 Regt 
Albt G Rucker Surgeons Mate Spy Battalion 

2nd, Brigade 

Variations in remarks on the two rolls are 
noted in the "Remarks" column above or in 
later footnotes. The DNA roll shows twenty- 
one men present at the muster-out. Abner 
Johnston, Pvt. 17, on furlough according 
to the IHi roll, is listed present on the DNA 
roU. The following five names are given more 
fully or with spelling differences: 1st Sgt. 
Ebenezer Z. Ryan; 4th Sgt. Alexr. H. Gil- 
more; and Pvts. 12, Edw. P. Fyffe ; 34, 



Gideon Kellanis ; and 37, Loanii Pumfrey. 

IHi also has a company mustering-in roll 
dated June 18. Except for the certificates the 
entire roll is in Greer's handwriting. The 
certificate which Greer signed as captain was 
made out by William B. Archer, and the 
certificate of inspection signed by Adj. Gen. 
E. C. Berry was made out by Joshua T. 
Bradley. The captain's certificate states that 
the company was then part of the 2d Regi- 
ment, 2d Brigade. 

The June 18 roll lists fifty company members, 
including Pvts. Thomas Spencer, Alfred H. 
Grass, and Albert G. Rucker. The two re- 
marks follow the names of Grass, "appointed 
Qr. M. sergeant [of the 2d Regiment] 17th. 
June 1832," and William "Ivens" ("Evans" 
above), "For John C. Reiley." Apparently 
Evans, Pvt. 9 above, was a substitute. 

The following spellings from the June 18 
roll differ from those on the IHi mustering- 
out roll: 2d Lt. Aaron Wells; 1st Corp, 
James Gad; 3d Corp. Jeremiah Cothern; and 
Pvts. 9, William Ivens; 13, William GiUaspy; 
14, Harvy Gibbens ; 16, Joseph Jenneday 
("Jeneday" in the "Names Present" col- 
umn); 17, Abner Johnson; 18, Robert John- 
son; 20, John O. Lacky; 21, Thomas Lacky; 
22, James Neal ; 27, WiUiam Seads; 30, 
Thomas Purkins; 34, Gideon Kellums ; 35, 
Williamson Kirklin; 36, Josiah Silby; and 
37, Lowammi Pumphrey. 

Ten of the absentees on Aug. 15 had been 
discharged at Dixon on Aug. 2 by Capt. Z. 
C. Palmer in a detachment under the com- 
mand of Capt. William Highsmith; see the 
detachment roll in the last chapter of 3d 
Army rolls. 

1 The remarks in brackets are taken from the 
mustering-out roll in DNA. 

2 The mustering-out roll in DNA states that 
he was "left on duty 7 July." 

3 The date he was left sick is given as July 
9 on the mustering-out roll in DNA. 

4 Johnston is listed present on the DNA 
mustering-out roll. The remark following his 
name on that roll reads simply, "Lost horse." 

5 The date of his furlough is given as Aug. 
12 on the DNA roll. 

•5 His name was lined out here, though the 
numbering was left unchanged. See the source 
note above. 



Spy Battalion, Second Brigade, Third Ar7ny 



349 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN 

{Later John McCown's) 



WILLIAM McHENRY 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain John McCown's Company, Spy Battalion, 2nd Brigade, 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the requisi- 
tion of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated May 15th. 1832. 



No. 


NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. COUNTY. 


1 


McCown John 


Capt. White 

County 


1 


Samuel Slocumb 


1st. Lieut. 


2 


Walter Burress 


2nd. Lieut. 


1 


William Garrison 


1st. Sergt. 


2 


Solomon L. Garrison 


2nd. Sergt 


3 


Noah Staley 


3rd. Sergt. 


4 


James Keneda 


4th Sergt 


1 


Levi Wells 


1st Corpl. 


2 


William Stephens 


2nd. Corpl. 


3 


William Daniel 


3rd. Corpl. 


4 


Henry McCown 


4th. Corpl. 


1 


Berry George 


Private 


2 


Bailey Alfred 


do 


3 


Brittain Joseph M 


do 


4 


Blackledge John 


do 


5 


Blackwell James C 


do 


6 


Conn James 


do 


7 


Council Welles 


do 


8 


Campbell John 


do 


9 


Crowder John 


do 


10 


Coonts Thomas 


do 


11 


Edwards Ambrose 


do 


12 


Evans Jonathan 


do 


13 


Farley Martin 


do 


14 


Farley John 


do 


15 


George John 


do 


16 


George Francis^ 


do 


17 


Goodman James 


do 


18 


Hood Allen 


do 


19 


Hood Anderson 


do 


20 


Hilyard WiUiam 


do 


21 


Holderby Dempsey 


do 


22 


Heasty Daniel 


do 


23 


Hust John 


do 


24 


Hamiltone William S^ 


do 


25 


Lindsey Thomas J 


do 


26 


Lowe Thomas 


do 


27 


McMuUen Wilkersou 


do 



REMARKS. 



Furloughed at Prairie Du chein August 7th. 

1832 
Sword lost belonging to united states 



lost his horse & equippage Furloughed at 

Prairie Du cheen August 7th. 1832 
lost his horse & equppage 



Supposed to be discharged at Dixon's Ferry 
lost his horse & equippage 

Sick 

Supposed to be discharged at Dixon's 



lost his horse 

Furloughed at Prairie Du chien August 7th. 
1832 



lost his Saddle Bridle Blanket & halter 
Supposed to be discharged at Dixons Ferry 

Supposed to be discharged at fort Wilburn 
Furloughed at Prairie Du chien — Augt 7th. 

1832 
Supposed to be discharged at Dixons 
Supposed to be dicharged at Dixons 

lost his horse & equppage 
lost his Horse, 
lost his horse & equppage. 
Supposed to be discharged at Wilburn lost 
his horse & equppage 

gun broke by accident unavoidable 



350 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 


NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 


RA. 


28 


Nevett William G 


do 


29 


Neslar James 


do 


30 


Parker Wilson 


do 


31 


Robinson Michael 


do 


32 


Rippatoe Burress 


do 


33 


Robinson Aaron 


do 


34 


Stone Thomas W 


do 


35 


Smith Slade 


do 


36 


Staley George 


do 


37 


Suter Rodolphus M 


do 


38 


Smith Silas 


do 


39 


Wilson Cristopher 


do 


40 


William Hardy 


do 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Horse & equppage lost 
Supposed to be discharged at Dixons 
Supposed to be discliarged at Dixons 
furloughed at Prairie Du chean August 7th. 
1832 



Supposed to be discharged at Dixons Ferry 

Furloughed at Prairie Du cheen August 

7th. 1832 
lost his horse & equippage 
lost his horse & equippage 
lost his horse & equppage lost 
Supposed to be discharged at Dixon's 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

this company was organized & enrolled under command of William Mchenry capt. on 
the 12th. day of may 1832 and took up a line of march for fort Wilburn on the 31st. 
day of may 1832 and arrived at fort Wilburn and was mustered into the Service of 
the united States on the 19th. June 1832. the officers have never drawn more than 
one Ration each and the company furnished their own Rations untill their arrival at 
Springfield Illinois John McCown was elected captain in place of William McHenry 
promoted on the 19th. day of June 1832 and have commanded since 

want 12 days travaling Rations 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. John 
McCowns Company in the Spy Battalion 2nd. Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service 
of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite 
the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation 
exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

John McCown Commanding the Company. 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that I 
have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service o/ the United States, the 
above mentioned Company of the Spy Battalion 2nd. Brigade by order of Brigr. Genl 
Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. Columns 
4, 5. and 6 show that the company was en- 
rolled May 12 for 90 days and was entitled 
to pay from the time of enrollment. Column 
8 lists those men present at the muster-out; 
absentees can be determined from the re- 
marks. One name is spelled differently in the 
eighth column : Pvt. 7 is listed as "Willis 
Council." The tenth column, "Inspection Re- 
marks," is blank. 

The mustering-out roll printed in Elliott, 



48-49, includes one man not listed above: 
Pvt. Nicholas A. Robinson, who was fur- 
loughed at Prairie du Chien on Aug. 7. His 
name was inadvertently omitted from the 
IHi roll, for he was included in the Recapitu- 
lation figures. They show a total company 
strength of 52, of whom 34 were present, 7 
were on furlough, and 11 were supposed to 
have been discharged earlier at Dixon. 

The roll in Elliott also includes the following 
statement not on the IHi roster: 



Spy Battalion, Second Brigade, Third Army 



351 



John C. Slocumh, of White county, volun 
teered, armed and equipped himself, and 
marched with the companij from Carmi, took 
sick and was left at Fairfield, Wayne county 
I am credibly informed, and believe, tha 
said Slocumb afterwards reported himself 
for duty at Fort Wilbourn, and served there 
and as Wagon Guard between Fort Wilbourn 
and Dixon's Ferry, when he was discharged 
early in August and returned home. 

(Signed.) Wm. McHenry, 
Major Spy Battalion. 

Slocumb enrolled in Capt. James Arnett's 
company of the 1st Regiment, Sd Brigade, 
on July 14 and was mustered out of service 
with that company on Aug. 1 at Fort Wil- 
bourn. 

IHi also has a June 18 mustering-in roll, 
with certificates signed "Wm. Mchenry Capt" 
and "E. C. Berry, Adjt & Inspector Genl." 
The captain's certificate states that the com- 
pany was then part of the 3d Regiment, 2d 
Brigade. McHenry, "Elected Major (Spy Bat- 
talion) June 18th," was succeeded by Pvt. 
John McCown, who v.-as elected captain the 
same day. In addition to McHenry, the June 
18 roll includes six other men, all privates, 
not on the IHi mustering-out roll. They are 
(1) Nicholas A. Robinson, who served in 
the company but whose name was omitted 
from the IHi Aug. 15 roll; (2) Samuel A. 
Boseman, "Appointed Qr. Master Sergt 18th 
June"; (3) James Grimes, "Appointed Sergt 
Major June 18th"; (4) Joseph T. Eccles, 
"Appointed Qr. Master (Battalion Spies) 



June 18th 1832"; (5) Alexander Stewart, 
"Appointed Surgeons Mate June 19th"; and 
(6) James Barnctt. Barnett (or Barnet) 
apparently transferred to Daniel Powell's 
company of the 3d Regiment, for he is in- 
cluded on the June 19 roll of that company. 
Boseman, Grimes, and Eccles served on the 
staff of the Spy Battalion and Stewart, on 
that of the 3d Regiment. 

The mustering-in roll gives the place of en- 
rollment as Carmi. Names spelled differently 
on that roll: Capt. John McCoun; 1st Lt. 
Samuel Slocomb ; 2d Lt. Walter Burris; 4th 
Sgt. James Canada; 4th Corp. Henry Mc- 
Coun; and Pvts. 3, Joseph Britten; 4, John 
Blackleach; 6, James Con; 7, Willis Coun- 
cell ; 10, Thomas Countz ; 12, Jonathan 
Ivans; 21, Demsey Holeby; 22, Daniel 
Hasty; 23, John Husk; 24, William S. 
Hamilton; 25, Thomas J. Lindsay; 27, Wilk- 
inson McMullin; 28, William G. Nevit; 29, 
James Nesler; 32, Burris Rippeto; 37, 
Rodolphus Sutor; 39, Cliristopher Wilson; 
and 40, Hardy Williams. 

1 George was mustered out of service as a 
member of Cyrus Mathews' company, 1st 
Regiment, 3d Brigade, on Aug. 1 at Fort 
Wilbourn. 

2 Hamilton apparently joined Cyrus Mathews' 
infantry companj-, 1st Regiment, 3d Brigade. 
The mustering-out roll of Mathews' company 
does not give his place of residence or date 
of enrollment, but he was not a member of 
Mathews' company when it was mustered into 
service. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JOHN F. RICHARDSON 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain John F. Richardson's Company, of the Spy Battahon, 
2nd Brigade lUindis MiUtia Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United 
States on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 
the 15th. of May 1832. 



No. 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 John F. Richardson Captain Clark County 

1 Woodford Dulaney 1st Leut " " 

2 Justin Harlan 2nd " 



Jacob Dolson 
John Wilson 
Asher V. Burwell 
Robert Davidson 
Christian Jeffers 
Nathan'HoUenback 



1st Sergt. 
2nd " 
3d " 
4th 

1st Corpl. 
2nd " 



Furloughed at Prairie Du Chien August 

4, 1832 
[Furloughed at Prairie Du Chien August 

4, 1832]! 
Suspended from Command^ 
lost his horse Saddle & Bridle^ 
lost his saddle &^ 
lost his horse^ 



352 



PART TWO : Black Haivk Campaign of 1832 



No. NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY. 


(Privates in Alpha- 






betical order. ) 






3 Richard Ross 


3d " 


" 


4 George Wilson 


4th " 


" 


1 Ashmore Zeno A. 


Private 


" 


2 Biggs Samuel M. 


" 


" 


3 Cooper Franklin 


« 


" 


4 Chinoweth Martin L 


« 


« 


5 Cooper Theophilus 


" 


" 


6 Davidson Daniel 


" 


" 


7 Elliott Aspatio 


" 


" 


8 Hadden Andrew 


" 


" 


9 Hadden Samuel 


" 


" 


10 Hogue Joseph 


" 


" 


11 Johnson George 


" 


" 


12 Kerr John 


" 


" 


13 Langham Abel 


" 


" 


14 Locker Conrad F 


" 


" 


15 Markle Joseph W 


« 


" 


16 Nott Stephen 


" 


" 


17 Prevo Samuel 


" 


" 


18 Prevo Ira 


" 


" 


19 Sharp Cyrus 


" 


" 


20 Shaw Nineveh 


" 


" 


21 Thomas Martin 


« 


« 


22 Williams James 


" 


« 


23 White Gideon B. 


" 


" 


24 White Samuel 


" 


" 


25 White Luther 


" 


" 


26 White Robert 


" 


" 


27 Waters John 


" 


" 


28 Yocum Alexander 


" 


" 


29 Wheeler Tarlton 


" 


" 


30 Taylor Robert 


" 


" 



REMARKS. 



Supposed to be discharged 

Furnished Martin L. Ashmore as Sub- 
stitute & Supposed to be discharged^ 

lost his horse & equipage $55.00. & Sup- 
posed to be discharged' 

Transfered to Capt Notts Company 

Transfered to Capt Notts Company 

Supposed to be discharged 
Supposed to be discharged 
Supposed to be discharged 

Supposed to be discharged' 
Supposed to be discharged 
Supposed to be discharged 
Supposed to be discharged, lost his horse 

& equipage^ 
Supposed to be discharged 

Transfered to Capt Notts Company 
Transfered to Capt Notts Company 

Appointed Adjutant June 18th 1832 and 
transferd from the company Roll 



lost his gun & Blanket (private prop- 
erty )i'' 



Transfered to Capt Notts Company 

Supposed to be discharged" 
Deserted June 20th. 1832 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company was organized Jvme 5th. 1832 

Company march'd for Fort Wilborn June 9, 1832 

Mustered into the Service of the United States June 19th. 1832 

My company furnished themselves with eight days Rations while on their march 

from Clark county to Fort Wilborn. 

The Officers has drawn but 1 Ration per day and no forage has been furnished any 
of the company. Rations have been drawn for the company to return home, Viz, 
twelve days up to and including the 30th. of August 1832 

John F Richardson Capt. 



Spy Battalion, Second Brigade, Third Army 



353 



I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Richardson 
Company of Mounted Volunteers of the Spy Battalion 2nd. Brigade, Illinois Volun- 
teers in the service of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" 
set opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Re- 
capitulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. Dixons Ferrv 
Rock River 15th. August 1832 

John F. Richardson Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and that 
I have this 15th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United States, 
the above mentioned Company of the Spy Battn. 2nd. Brigade by order of Brigr. Genl. 
Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The "Record of Events" is in the 
captain's hand^vTiting. The Recapitulation 
and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted 
here. Columns 4, 5, and 6 state that the 
company was enrolled in U.S. service on 
June 19 for 90 days and was entitled to 
pay from the day of enrollment. Column 8 
lists those present at the muster-out, and 
Column 10, "Inspection Remarks," is blank. 

The Recapitulation gives a total company 
strength of 41, of whom 20 were present at 
the muster-out. The absentees consisted of 5 
who transferred to Nott's company, 12 who 
were supposed to have been discharged 
earlier at Dixon's Ferry, one who was mus- 
tered out ^\^th the staff, 2 on furlough, and 
one deserter. 



Nine men on the Aug. 15 roll are not in- 
cluded on the mustering-in roll. They are 
Pvts. Martin L. Chinoweth, Theophilus 
Cooper, Aspatio Elliott, George Johnson, 
Samuel Prevo, Ira Prevo, Cyrus Sharp, 
John Waters, and Alexander Yocum. 

Names spelled differently on the June 18 roll: 
1st Lt. Woodford Dulany; 2d Corp. Nathan 
Hallenbeck; and Pvts. 8, Andrew Hadan ; 
9, Samuel Haddan ; 13, Abel Lanham; and 
14, Conrad F. Loeher. 

1 This remark is represented by "do's" on 
the original roll. 

2 On June 29, 1832, according to the DNA 
roll. 



Four of the men discharged at Dixon's were 
mustered out of service in Adj. Isaac Par- 
menter's detachment on Aug. 2, and eight 
others were mustered out in Capt. Samuel 
Brimbery's detachment on Aug. 3. 

Another mustering-out roll in DNA (IHi has 
photostat) has Gen. Henry Atkinson's AES 
of approval. About half of the DNA roll is 
in Richardson's handwriting. Four names are 
spelled differently, those of 2d Corp. Nathan 
Hollenbeck and Pvts. 4, Martin L. Chino- 
with; 5, Theopolas Cooper; and 14, Coonrod 
P. Locker. Several remarks give more details 
about the time and value of property losses ; 
these are noted in footnotes below. 

IHi also has a June 18 mustering-in roll, 
signed by Richardson, with a certificate of 
inspection made out and signed by Adj. Gen. 
E. C. Berry. The heading of the roll states 
that the company was "attached to 2nd. 
Brig Odd Bat. Spies 1 Regt." The date of 
enrollment is given as May 5 and the place 
as Darwin. On June 18 the company had 
only thirty-six members, four of whom are 
not on the mustering-out roll. They are Pvts. 
William Hallenbeck (so spelled), John Sal- 
mon, George W. Catron, and James W. 
Hogue. 



3 The loss, valued at $78, occurred on July 
15 — DNA roll of Aug. 15. 

4 The remark on the DNA roll reads: "Lost 
Saddle & Spancels $18. Augt 1, 1832." 

5 The remark on the DNA roll reads: "Horse 
gave out, & was left at Fort Winnabago 
Valued at $75.00 July 15, 1832." 

6 Ashmore became the substitute for Biggs 
on June 20, according to the DNA roll. 

T Cooper lost his horse and saddle on July 
4 — DNA roU of Aug. 15. 

8 The DNA roll adds that he "lost his Saddle 
& bridle, Valued at $10.00 July 7, 1832." 

9 The loss, valued at $40, occurred on July 
22, 1832 — DNA roll of Aug. 15. 

10 The loss, valued at $14, occurred on July 
12, 1832 — DNA roU of Aug. 15. 

11 The DNA roll adds: "lost his horse valued 
at $45.00 July 22, 1832." 



Officers of the Third Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD, STAFF, AND PLATOON OFFICERS 



Rank Roll of the Field Staff & Plattoon Officers of the Third Brigade of mounted 
Volunteers Commanded By Brig General James D Henry 



N^a7nes 



Ra?ik 



Date of Comms 



Remarks 



James D Henryi 
A P Field 

M McConnel 

Isaac Plasters 
James Scott 
Nellson H Johnston 



Brig Genl 
Aid de Camp 

Brig Inspect 

Brig Qr M 
Brig Pay U 
asist Aide 
camp 



June 19th 1832 



Fm-loughed 10 July 

60 Day 
Furloughed 9th of 

August 40 day 



Furloud the 10th 
Aug 40 days 



N H Johnston was appointed Secretary to the brigade on the 19th of J\ine & performed 
sd duty untill the 10th. of August. Said Johnston performed the duty of principle 
aid from 10th. of July to the 10th Aug 





Colo?iels 






Jacob Fry 


1st Right 2 Regt 


June 18th 1832 




S. T. Matthews 


1st Left IRegt 


" 19 




James Collins 


2d Right 4 Regt 


" 19 




Gabriel Jones 


2d Left 3d " 
Lieut Col 


" 21 




Thees W Smith 


3 Reg 


June 7 1832 


Resigned 26th. of 
June 


Jeremiah Smith 


2 " 


" 18 " 




Powel H Sharp 


4 " 


« 19 " 




James Gilham 


1 " 


" 19 " 




Sidney Breese 


3 " 

Major 


« 27 " 


furlgd lOh July 60 
days 


Sidney Breeze 


3d Reg 


June 7t 1832 


Lt Col from 27 June 
Furloughed 10 
July 60 days 


Benj James 


2 " 


« 18 u 




Wm Miller 


4 " 


" 19 




James Evans 


1 


" 19 " 





354 



Officers of the Third BiHgade, Third Army 



355 



Names 


Rank 


Date of Comms 


Remarks 


Wm L D Ewing 


Spy B 


" 19 " 




John D Wood 


3 Reg 

Adjutant 


" 27 




Hii-am Holmes^ 


2Regt 


June 18 1832 




Wm Weatherford 


1 


" 19 " 




E H Merryman 


4 " 


" 19 " 




John D Wood 


3 " 


" 19 " 


Elected Major 27 
June 


Wm Bradford 


Spy Bat 


" 19 " 




David Baldridge 


3 Reg 

Surgeon 


« 27 " 




L D Boon 


2Regt 


June 18 1832 




Elisha K Wood 


1 " 


" 19 " 




John B Rutledge 


4 " 


" 19 " 




Wm B [H.] Terril 


3 " 


" " 




Robt K [H.] Peebles 


Spy Bat 
Surgeon Mate 


" 19 " 




Wm ]M Shiphand [Shepherd] 


2Regt 


June 18t 1832 




Myron K Brownson 


1 


" 19 " 




Johnathan Leighton 


4 " 


" 19 




Maxwell D Pepper 


3 " 


" 20 " 




Wm H Palmer 


Spy Bat 


" 20 


Resgnd 10 July 


Jno A Wakefield 


Spy " 


July 10 




John Warnsing 


4Regt 
Qr Master^ 


June 21 




Saml Bennet 


2 Reg 


June 18 1832 




George Orear 


1 " 


" 19 " 




Vauter Henderson 


4 " 


" 19 " 




Chrs N Halstead 


3 " 


" 8 " 


Discharged 25 July 
1832 


David H Moore . 


Spy Bat 
Qr M Sergt * 


" 19 " 




Henry Bateman 


2 Reg 


June 18th 1832 




Nathan Hart 


1 " 


" 19 




Reverious Blanchard 


4 " 


" 19 




Richard G Murphy 


3 " 


" 20 




Alanson Powel 


Spy Bat 
Sergt Major 


" 19 




James W. Whitney 


2 Re 


June 18 1832 




Milton B Rubart 


1 " 


" 19 " 




Baxter B Berry 


4 « 


" 19 « 




John Hawthorn 


3 " 


" 20 « 




Henry B Roberts 


Spy Bat 
Pay Master 


" 19 " 




Saml Smith 


2Regt 


June 18 1832 




Alexd Bell [Beall] 


1 " 


« 19 « 





356 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Names 


Rank 


Date of Comms 


Remarks 


Jeremiah Adams 


4 " 


" 19 


" 




Benjamin Bond 


3 " 


" 20 


" 


Resig 15 July 


James Wyatt 


Spy Bat 


" 19 


" 


Resigd 10 July 


Frederick Reeman 


Spy Bat 


July 10 


" 




Makin [Martin] Doiriss 


3 Regt 
Captains^ 


" 15 






William Gordon 


1st Reg 


April 30 1832 




William Gilham 


1st " 


" 30 


" 




Alexd Smith 


2d « 


May 2 




Rsignd 15 June [July] 
Resigned 


James Bm-ns 


3 


" 4 


" 




James Kinkade 


2 " 


" 6 


" 




Wm [Henry] L Webb 


Spy B 


" 19 


" 




Hiram Roundtree 


2 Reg 


" 21 


" 




George T Bristow 


1st " 


" 21 


" 




Andrew Bankson 


3 


" 23 


" 




Josiah Briggs 


3 


" 24 


" 




Jacob Faeman [Feaman] 


3 


" 25 


" 




Walter Butler 


1st " 


June 4 


" 




Thos Moffett 


4 


" 4 


" 




Osias Hale 


4 


" 4 


" 




Allen F Lindsay 


SpyB 


" 4 


" 




Earl Pierce 


2 Reg 


" 5 


" 




Aaron Barrows 


2 " 


" 5 


" 




Jesse Claywell 


4 


" 5 


" 




Thos Stout 


2 


May 5 


" 




Reuben Brown 


4 


June 6 


" 




Bennet Nowlen 


4 


" 19 


" 




Saml Houston 


SpyB 


" 19 


" 




James Arnett 


1st Reg 


" 19 


" 




James Thompson 


3 


" 21 


" 




David Baldridge 


3 


" 19 


" 


appd Ad jut 27 June 


Cyrus Matthews 


1 


" 2 


" 




Gershom Patterson 


4 [2] Reg 


July 16 






Wm Adair 


3 Regt 

Ist Lieutenants^ 


June 27 






John Pickering 


Is Reg 


April 30 1832 




Robt H McDow 


Is " 


" 30 


" 




Jacob Baccus 


2 " 


xMay 2 


" 




Andrew Lyon 


3 " 


" 4 


" 


Resigned 28 June 


John Fry 


2 " 


" 6 


" 




R H Price 


SpyB 


" 19 


" 




John Kirkpatrick 


2 Regt 


" 21 


" 




Stephen Henderson 


1 " 


" 21 


" 




Godfrej^ Ammon 


3 " 


" 23 


" 




John Morrison 


3 " 


" 24 


" 




James Conner 


3 " 


" 25 


" 




Thomas P Ross 


Is " 


Jmie 4 


" 




David Black 


4 Regt 


" 4 


" 


Resigned 10th July 


Wm Baker 


4 " 


" 19 


" 




WilHam Scott 


SpyB 


" 4 


" 





Officers of the Third Brigade, Third Army 



357 



Names 



Rank 



Date of Comms 



Remarks 



Buford Morris 
Harvey Jarboe 
Saml Cox' 
John Hopton 
David Seely 
Jesse Scott 
John Watwood 
D B McConnel 
Samuel Barber 
Jacob Short 
Wm Hunter 
John H Wilcoxen 
Wm B Wood 



Thomas Askins 
James Ethel 
Samuel Bowman 
Cyrus Sawyer 
Royal W Pitts 
James Morris 
Thomas PhiHps 
Walter Ellis 
James J Justice 
John Thompson 
David Wright 
Fleming C Maupin 
James Watson 
Deloss W Brown 
Isaac R Bennet 
Loreing Ames 
Job Collins 
John H Wilcoxen 

John P Hunter 
Robt Gooding 
John Allen 
Henry Brown 
Matthias Mounts 
William McDill 
John Hansford 
Wm K Lindsay 
R H Constant 



CD, IHi. The roll is unsigned and 
familiar handwriting. 

1 Two men on Henry's staff are omitted here. 
They are James Baker, assistant quartermas- 
ter, and Nathan Hussey, wagon master. See 
the Aug. 15 mustering-out roll which follows. 

2 According to the roll of Earl Peirce's com- 
pany, 2d Regiment, James H. Ralston acted 
as regimental adjutant from July 6 until 



2d Regt 


May .5 


« 


2 


" o 


" 


4 


June 5 


« 


2 " 


May 5 


" 


4 


June 19 


" 


4 


" 19 


" 


Spy Bat 


" 4 


" 


Is Regt 


" 21 


" 


3 


" 21 


" 


3 


" 19 


" 


1 Reg 


" 2 


" 


4 


July 11 


" 


3 


June 27 


" 


2d Lieuterumts^ 






1st Reg 


April 30 1832 


Is « 


" 30 


" 


2 


May 2 


" 


3 


" 4 


" 


2 " 


June 6 


" 


Spy Bat 


" 20 


" 


2 Reg 


May 21 


" 


1 


" 21 


« 


3 


" 23 


" 


3 


« 24 


« 


3 


" 25 


« 


1 


June 4 


" 


4 


" 4 


" 


4 


" 6 


" 


Spy " 


" 4 


" 



Resigned 10 July 
Resgd 10 July 



4 


" 


Spy Bat 


1 


Reg 


3 


" 


3 


" 


1 


« 


4 


" 


i in 


I an un- 



June 6 



Left 21 June 



Elected 1st Lieut 
11 July 



May 


5 


June 19 


" 


/ 


« 


19 


" 


21 


" 


21 


" 


19 


June 


2 


July 


11 



Resigned 20 July 



July 25. Holmes was present at the staff mus- 
ter-out, however. 

3 Richard G. Murphy, listed on this roll as 
quartermaster sergeant of the 3d Regiment, 
became quartermaster when Christopher Hal- 
stead resigned. 

4 Joseph H. Orr became qiiartermaster ser 
geant of the 3d Regiment when Richard 
Murphy advanced to quartermaster. Orr was 



358 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



originally a member of Jacob Feaman's (later 
James Conner's) company. 

5 The brigade included twenty-seven com- 
panies, all but one of which is represented in 
the list of captains. Capt. David Smith of the 
1st Regiment is not included. In addition to 
the captains listed, the company rolls show 
that the following men also served as cap- 
tains for varying periods of time : 

(1) Samuel T. Mathews, later colonel of 
the 1st Regiment, was the original cap- 
tain of James Arnett's company. 

(2) Gabriel Jones, later colonel of the 3d 
Regiment, was the original captain of 
James Thompson's company. 

(3) James Conner, listed above as a 1st 
lieutenant, succeeded Jacob Feaman as 
captain of a company in the 3d Regi- 
ment. 

(4) Powell H. Sharp, later lieutenant colonel 
of the 4th Regiment, was the original 
captain of Bennet Nowlen's company. 

(5) William Lee D. Ewing, later major of 
the Spy Battalion, was the original cap- 
tain of Samuel Houston's company. 

6 First lieutenants omitted are as follows : 

(1) John Lee, David Smith's company, 1st 

Regiment. 



(2) Nelson H. Johnston, Samuel T. IMathews' 
(later Arnett's) company, 1st Regiment, 
who was appointed to the staff of the 
brigade. 

(3) Matthew Gray, who succeeded James 
Conner, when the latter advanced to 
the captaincy of Feaman's company, 3d 
Regiment. 

(4) James Baker, Reuben Brown's company, 
4th Regiment, who resigned to serve as 
assistant quartermaster on the brigade 
staff and was succeeded by William 
Baker. 

(5) Bennet Nowlen, later captain of Powell 
H. Sharp's company, 4th Regiment. 

(6) John Yowell, Sharp's (later Nowlen's) 
company, 4th Regiment, elected to suc- 
ceed Jesse Scott, who resigned July 10. 

(7) Shadrack J. Campbell, who became 1st 
lieutenant of Thomas Moffett's company, 
4th Regiment, when David Black re- 
signed. 

7 The name "Sowyel" was written in pencil 
following the original entry, "Saml Cox." 
The lieutenant's name is entered as "Sawyel 
Cox" on the roll of Capt. Jesse Claywell's 
company, 4th Regiment. 

8 Omitted is 2d Lt. John Umphrey of Capt. 
David Smith's company, 1st Regiment. 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the General and Staff of the 3rd Brigade of Illinois mounted Volun- 
teers employed in the service of the United States (on the requisition of Brigd Genii 
Atkinson) by order of the Govenor & Commander in Chief of the State of Illinois, 
from the day of AD 1832, to the 15th of August AD 1832. 



Names. 



Rank 



Place of 
residen ce 



Remarks. 



James. D. Henry 
A. P. Field. 
M. McConnell 
Isaac Plasters 
James Baker 
James Scott. 
Nelson H. Johnson 
Nathan Huzzy 



Brigd Genii 
Aid de Camp 
Brigd Inspectr 
do Qr M 
AsQM. 
[Brig. ]... Pay M 
Asst Aid 
waggon M 



Sangamo Co 
Fayette Co 
Morgan Co 
Do. 

Sangamon 
Green Co. 
Morgan Co 
Sangamo Co. 



Sick Lost one horse 

furloughd from July 10th 60 days. 

do, from 9th of August 40 days. 



Absent by permission 

furloughed from 10th of August 40 days. 



N.B. N. H. Johnson was appointed Secretary to the Brigade on the 19th of June, 
& performed sd duty untill the 10th of August, said Johnson performed the duty of 
principal Aid from the 10th of July to the 10th of August. 

The General & Staff Officers in the above Roll, severally furnished themselves with 
forage for their horses during the Campaign, at their own expence, they have drawn 
but one Ration per day of flour & Bacon to each person. 



Officers of the Third Brigade, Third Army 359 



I certify on honor, that the above, to the best of my knowledge, is a correct Roll, 
of the General & Staff Officers of the 3rd Brigade of Illinois mounted Volunteers under 
the command of Brigdr Genii James. D. Henry, and that the Remarks opposite each 
Individual name are just & true. Done at Ft Dixon Ills this 15th of August 1832. 

Jacob Fry Senr Col. Comd. 3d Bregaid 111. Mounted Volunteers 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the above Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 15th day of August 1832 Mustered out of the service of the United 
States the above Mentioned Officers, by Order of Brig Genl. Atkinson 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Gnl. 

ADS, IHi. Columns 3, 4, and 5, omitted here, — "approved. H. Atkinson Br Ge. uS ay." 

give the date of commission as June 19, the (2) "Wright 181[78 1 ]." 
place of rendezvous as "Fort Wilburn," and 

the names of the three men present at the IHi also has a mustering-in roll made out by 

muster-out: Plasters, Baker, and Huzzy (cor- Joshua T. Bradley and signed by Adj. Gen. 

rectly, "Hussey"). E. C. Berry at the foot of the Lower Rapids 

of Illinois River, June 21. Johnston (the 

IHi has a photostat of the mustering-out roll correct spelling) and Hussey are omitted on 

in DNA, also a Fry ADS. The DNA roU this roll. Names given more fully or with 

omits the paragraph concerning rations and spelling variations: Alexander P. Field, 

forage and is endorsed as follows: (1) AES Murry McConneU, and James D. Scott. 



Fii'st Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the field and Staff and noncommissiond officers of the first Regiment, 
third Brigade of Illinois Malitia in the Service of the United States from the 19th. 
June 1832, until the first day of August 1832 



Saml T Matthews 


Colonel appoi 


1 ted from captain 
19th June 


Colo. 


1832 from Morgan Co. 


James Gillham 


Lt Colo. 


" 


Lt Colo 


a u 


James Evens 


Major 


" " 


Major 


" " 


Wm Weatherford 


Adjt 


« « 


Adjt 


" " 


E K Wood 


Surgeon 


" " 


Surgeon 


" 


M K Brownson 


Asst Surgeon 


" " 


Asst Surgeon 


" " 


L S Robbins 


" " 


" 20 


« « 


" " 


George Orear 


Qr Master 


19 


Qr Master servd. to the 21 July 








on furlough 




Alexd Bell [Beall] 


pay master 


" " 


pay master 


present 


Milton B Rubart 


Sergt :\Iajor 


" 


Sergt. Major 
July 1832 


on furlough since 18th 


Nathan Hart 


Qr Mr Sergt. 


" " 


Qr Mr Sergt. 




Erastus Wheeler 


Qr Mr 


" 21. July 


Qr Mr from ]Madiso[n] Co 



I Certify on honor that the above Roll Exhibits a true Statement of the field and 
Staff and Non Commissioned staff of the 1st Regt. 3d brgd of Illns Mounted Volun- 
teers Mustered out of the service of the United States at Fort Willburn this first 
day of Augt. 1832 



Distance to Morgan Co 200 Miles 



Saml. T. Mathews Col. 1st. Regt 3rd. Brigd. M. V. 

[ANS] :Mustered out of the Service of the United States by order of Maj Genl W. 
Scott at Fort Wilbourn the 1st August 1832. 

N. J. Eaton Lieut 6th U. S. Infy &C 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: (1) "Reed. Septr. 8th. 
1832." (2) "Wright 2d June '34 18178." 
(3) AES — "approved. H. Atkinson Br Ge. 
u.S ay." 

On the back of the roll is the following affi- 
davit in the handwriting of Joshua T. Brad- 
ley: 

State of Illinois ss : 



360 



Saml. T. Mafthrivs. Col. of the 1st. Regt. 3rd. 
Brigade of the last Indian Campaign in the 
Year 1832, being duly sicorn deposeth and 
saith that he <£- the officers in the within Roll 
arrived at Ft. Wilburn the Brigade Rendez- 
vous on the 15" dag of June 1S32. (Except 
Erastus Wheeler). 

Saml. T. Mathews 
Sworn to t£- Subscribed, before me this 18" 
dag of May 1833. 

J. T. Bradley Notary Pub. Clinton Co 



First Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Ar-my 



361 



IHi also has a mustering-in roll, made out 
by Joshua T. Bradley, and signed by E. C. 
Berry, "Adjt. & Inspector Genl.," at "Foot 
Lower Rapids Illinois River" on June 20. 
The Berry roll gives the date of commission 
as June 19, the place of rendezvous as Fort 
Wilbourn, and the time of service as 90 



days. The roll lists all but two of the staff 
members above: L. S. Robbins and Erastus 
Wheeler. The following names are spelled 
differently on the Berry roll : James Gilham, 
James Evans, Elisha K. Ward, MjTon R. 
Brounson, George O. Reas, and Milton B. 
Rubarts. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL T. 

(Later James Arnett's) 



MATHEWS 



Muster Roll of a company of Illinois mounted Volunteers formerly commanded by 
Capt S. T. Mathews afterwards by Capt James T. Arnett, and now under the com- 
mand of 1st Lieut D. B. McConnel, called and mustered into the service of the U. 
States by order of the commander in chief of the militia of the state of Illinois, be- 
longing to the 1st Eegt 3 Brigade 





Na7nes 


Rank 


Date of 


Remarks 










Enrolhneitt 






S. T. Matthews 


Captain 


May 5h. 1832 


Promoted to Colonel June 19h 












1832 




N. H. Johnson 


1st. 


Lieut 


" " " 


Appointed to Staff of Brigade 
June 20 




D. B. McConnell 


2nd 


Lieut 


" 


Promoted to 1st Liut. June 
19h. 1832 




Josiah Gorham 


1st. 


Sergt. 


" 






John Moss 


2nd 


do. 


" 


Furloughed July 24h 1832 




Saml. J. [P. ? ] Devore 


3rd. 


do. 


" 






INIoses R. Bennett 


4h 


do. 


" 


Furloughed July 3rd. 1832 




John Sparks 


1st. 


Corpl. 


" 


Furloughed July 18h. 1832 




Henry Moss 


2nd 


do. 


" 


Furloughed July 24h. 1832 




L. B. Tankersley 


3rd. 


do. 


" 






John Rusk 


4h 


do. 


" 


Furloughed July 18h. 1832 


1 


James Tolley 


Privates 


" 


Furloughed July 18h. 1832 


2 


Samuel Durant 






" 




3 


Wm. B. Hankins 






" 




4 


James Evans 






" 


Promoted to Major June 19h. 
1832 


5 


James H. Devore 






u 




6 


Thos Lycock 






" 




7 


Danl. Sweet 






" 




8 


Alanson Howard 






« 




9 


John Johnson 






« 




10 


Jonathan Turner 






« 




11 
12 


Benjn Buchannon 
John Edwards 






" 




13 


Jacob Samples 






" 


lost his horse By the Bite of 
rattle snake whilst in service 


14 


Wm. Duncan 






" 




15 
16 


Reuben Buchannon 
Alexr. Pitner 






« 




17 


James Cassell 






« 




18 


John Hurst 






" 


Furloughed July 18h 1832 



362 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Names 



Rank 



Date of 
Enrollment 



Remarks 



19 Harvey Crane 

20 Matthias Mounts 



Robert C. Coatney 
Silas Hobbs 
Moses Jarrod 
Milton B. Rubarts 
Montgomery Pitner 
James H. Blair 
Wm. S. Jordan 
Elijah F. Million 
Anderson Antle 
Henry Hunter 
John Henry 
James Arnett 



33 Madison Clayton 

34 Jonathan Farris 

35 James H. Graves 



John L. Cotton 
James Lash 
John Gilmore 
Madison Goodpaster 
Phillip Deads 
Cornelius Hook^ 



42 David Williams 

43 Murray McConn[ell] 

44 Darius Ingles 

45 John Richards 

46 Isaac Dial 



Berry Holland 
Abraham Johnson 
John C Slocumb^ 



Promoted to 2nd. Lt. June 
19, 1832 



appointed to Staff June 19th 



Promoted to Capt. June 19h. 
& resgnd. July 23d. 



Sick & discharged June 14h. 
1832 



Appointed to Staff of Brigade 
[date illegible] 

Permitted to leave the Com- 
pany June 22nd. Sick 

Appointed to Staff of Brigade 
June 19. 1832 



Detailed for use of Brigade 
June 24h 1832 



July 14h. 



I certify that the above Muster Roll exhibits a true Statemen[t] of the Company of 
Illinois Mounted Volunteers under My command Mustered out of the Service of the 
U. States at Fort Wilbourn Illinois. 

Given at Fort Wilbourn 1st. Augt. 1832 

D B McConnel 1st Lt Commandant 

[ANS] Mustered out of the service of the United [States at] Fort Wilbom-n, this 1st 
day of August 1832— [by order of M]aj Genl W. Scott. 

N. J. Eaton Lieut 6th U. S. Infy. 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: (1) "117 [voucher 
117 ?] Wright 18178." (2) AES — "Ap- 



proved H. Atkinson Br Ge. u. S ay.' 



First Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



363 



Columns 5, 6, and 7 are omitted here. Col- 
umn 5 gives the place of enrollment as Mor- 
gan County. On the line below the name of 
the county is the entry "(170 miles)." The 
sixth column gives the time of service as 90 
days. The seventh column, "Names Present," 
repeats the name of each company member 
regardless of his presence at the muster-out. 
The following names have spelling variations 
in the seventh column: Sgt. Saml. P. Devore 
and Pvts. 17, James Cassel; 18, John S. 
Hurst; 24, Milton B. Ruberts ; 27, Wm. L. 



Jordan; and 33, Maddison Clayton. 

1 He was probably on the staff of the Gov- 
ernor instead of the 3d Brigade. See n. 

1 of the Governor's June 23 staff roll. 

2 Slocumb was from White County, not Mor- 
gan. He originally enrolled in Capt. Wil- 
liam McHenry's (later John McCown's) com- 
pany of the Spy Battalion, 2d Brigade. For 
an account of his war service, see the roll 
of that company. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN GEORGE T. BRISTOW 

Muster roll of Capt. George T. Bristow's Company of Mounted Volunteers called 
and Mustered into the service of the united states by order of the commander in chief 
of the Militia of the state of Illinois attached to the first Regiment under the Command 
of Coin. Samuel T. Mathews of the third Brigade Commanded by Brigadier General 
James D Henry from the twenty first day of May 1832 For and Dureing the term of 
ninety days from the said date 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Date of 



Where 



1 George T. Bristow 


Capt 


21t May 1832 


Morgan Co. 


2 Stephen Henderson 


1 Lieut 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


3 Walter Ellis 


2d Lieut 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


4 Allen Matlock 


1 Sergt 


" 


" 


" 


" « 


5 George Thompson 


2d Sert 


" 


" 


« 


" " 


6 James V. Logston 


3d Sergt 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


7 Asa L. Lane 


4th Sergt 


" 


" 


" 


a u 


8 Archibald Constant 


Pvt 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


9 Thomas Henry 


" 


« 


" 


" 


" « 


10 Wiley S. Clemens 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


11 Allen Meeks 


« 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


12 Oswell Thompson 


« 


'• 


" 


" 


" " 


13 Michael Ream 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


14 John Marshall 


« 


" 


« 


" 


" " 


15 William S. Hopper 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


16 Nathaniel Henderson 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


17 Daniel Mackey 


« 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


18 RusselTurney 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


19 George Carter 


« 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


20 William Hull 


« 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


21 Isaac Moss 


« 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


22 George W. Foster 


« 


" 


" 


" 


« « 


23 John Combs 


" 


1st. 


July 




Ottowa 
Lasall CO 


24 James Brown 


« 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


25 John Wilcocks 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


26 Henry M. Hicks 


u 


" 


" 


" 


" " 


27 Ezekiel Warren 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" " 



I certify that the above Muster Roll exhibits a true statement of the company of 



364 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Illinois Mounted Volunteers under my command mustered out of the service of the 
United States at Fort Wilbourn, 111. this 1st day of August 1832. 

George T. Bristow Capt 

[ANS] Mustered out of the service of the United States by order of Maj Genl W. Scott 
this 1st day of August 1832. 

N. J. Eaton Lieut 6h U. S. Infy &c 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: (1) AES — "Approved. 
H. Atkinson Br Ge U.S. ay." (2) "114 
Wright 18178." 

The last four columns, "Who by," "Time of 
service," "Names Present," and "Remarks," 
are omitted here. The company was enrolled 
by Captain Bristow for 90 days. All but 
three men were listed present at the muster- 
out. The only remarks on the roll follow the 



names of the three absentees : 1st Lt. Stephen 
Henderson, "on furlough" ; Pvt. 16, Na- 
thaniel Henderson, "on furlough" ; and Pvt. 
19, George Carter, "deserted 30th June 
183[2]." 

The names of two privates are spelled differ- 
ently in the "Names Present" column. Pvt. 
13 is listed as "Michael Reme," and Pvt. 25, 
as "John Wilcox." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WALTER BUTLER 

Muster Roll of Captain Walter Butler's Company of Illinois Mounted Volunteers in 
the service of the United States under Brig Genl H. Atkinson. 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



Walter Butler 
Thomas. P. Ross 
Fleming. C. Maupin 
Samuel Givens 
Achilles Deatherage 
David Hart 
David Mackey 
Nathan Hart 

Henderson Vickers 
John. L. Heffington 
William. T. Nail 
Edward Seamore 
Richardson Seamore 
John Nail 
Bluford Haynes 
Jesse Clayton 
James Scott 
George Fanning 
George Wright 
Robert Ray 

Anderson Hart 
Nimrod. C. Murphy 
Washington Fanning 
John Daugherty 



Capt. 
1st. Lieut. 
2nd Lieut 
1st. Srgt. 
2nd. Do. 
3rd. Do 
4th Do 
1st. Corp. 

2nd Do. 
3rd Do. 
4th Do. 
Private 



July [June] 
4th. 1832 



Apple creek 
Morgan Cty. 



Appointed Qr. Master Sergent 
June 19th. 1832 



Substitute for John Sappington 



Furlowed on the 10th. of July 
1832. for Twenty five days 



First Regiment, Third Brigade, Third A 



rmy 



365 



No 



Names 



Rank 



Enrolment 
Date of Where 



Remarks 



James Groves 
William Patterson 
James Kirby 
Henry Beason 
Thomas Gilliland 
Daniel Wiggs 
Thomas. J. Harris 
Ephraim Porter 
Archibald Riggs 
Charles Stewart 
William Talkington 
Spencer Norvell 
John Woods 
John Brown 
Abraham Fanning 
David Davidson 
Isaac Keplinger 
Eli Auston 
James Pryor 
Charles Hart 



45 Joseph Brown 

46 Samuel. C. Minor 

47 John. W. Ross 

48 William Weatherford 



" Substitute for Hiram Patterson 



Substitute for John Still 



Substitute for Jas. Hutcherson 
Do. for John Love. 



Substitute for Eli Auston 



Substitute for And. Wyatt 

Furlowed June 24th. 1832 
during term of service 
Do. Do. Do. 

Do. Do. Do. 

Elected 1st. Corp. June 19th 
1832. N. Hart Promot[e]d 
Appointed Adjudent June 19th. 
1832. 



I certify that the above Muster Roll exhibits a true statement of the company of 
Illinois mounted Volunteers under my command, mustered out of the service of the 
United States at Fort Wilbourn Illinois. 



Given at Fort Wilbourn this 1st day of August 1832. 



Walter Butler Captain 



[ANS] Mustered out of the service of the United States by order of Maj Genl W. 
Scott this 1st day of August 1832. 

N. J. Eaton Lieut 6th U. S. Infy &C 
Distance to where the company was raised 200 miles. 



ADS, DNA. Endorsed: (1) "111 Wright 
18178." (2) AES — "Approved H. Atkinson 
Br G[e] u S ay." 

Columns 6, 7, and 8 are omitted here. Col- 
umns 6 and 7 show that the company was 
enrolled by W[illia]m Weatherford for 90 
days. Column 8 lists those men present at 
the muster-out; absentees were Nos. 20, 
Robert Ray; 44, Charles Hart; 45, Joseph 
Brown; and 46, Samuel C. Minor. Nathan 
Hart and William Weatherford, Nos. 8 and 



48 above, are listed present despite the fact 
that they held staff positions. The only names 
with spelling variations in the eighth col- 
umn are those of Nos. 7 and 39, David 
Macky and Abraham Faning. 

Two statements certifying the correct enroll- 
ment date, June 4, are appended to the roll. 
One (in the handwriting of William Thomas) 
was signed by Butler and notarized by 
"Allen F. Linsey J P Morgan Cty" on May 
18, 1833; the other, also of May 18, 1833, 



366 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



was signed by "Saral T. Mathews" and 
notarized by "[J. T.] Bradley Not. Pub C 
C [Clinton County ?] Ills." 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
mustering-in roll of the company, made out 
and signed by Butler at Fort Wilbourn on 
June 20. The roll has the usual certificate 



of inspection signed "E. C. Berry, Adjt. & 
Inspr Genl." The place of enrollment is 
given as Franklin, Morgan County. Names 
with spelling variations are those of Nos. 
6, David Heart; 8, Nathan Heart; 21, An- 
derson Heart; 33, Archibald Wrigg; and 44, 
Charles Heart. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM GILLHAM 

Muster roll of Capt Wm Gillhams Co. of Mounted Volunteers called and mustered 
into service of the United States By order of the Commander in Chief of the Militia 
of the State of Ills, attached to the first Regt. of the third Brgd under the Command 
of Brigadier Generall James D Henry from the thirtieth day of April 1832 



Names 



Rank 



[Enrolbnent] 
[Date of] [Where] 



Remarks 



William Gillham 
Robert H McDow 
James Etheal 
Daniel Clotfelter 
William Leib 
John Sargent 
Aquila Clarkson 
Zadoc Riggs 
Samuel Vanslyke 
James INIorris 
Isaac Graton 
Alexander Whitley 
Kinza Clarkson 
George Garmon 
Henry S Riggs 
Sebert C Schelton 
Seth C Murphy 
John Arnett 
Alexander WUkison 
Levi Scott 
Nicholass DuVall 
William Mathers 
William R Smith 
John Baker 
John Apple 
Robert McCullom 
Isaac Clanton 
Clark Nichols 
H W House 
Joel Avery 
George Smith 
John McConnel 
Masten E Simmons 



Capt. 
1 Lieut 

2nd. 

1st. serg 

2nd. 

3rd. 

4th. 



April Morgan 
the 30th. Cty 



on furlough 



1st. Corp 

2nd. 

3rd. 

4th. 

[Private] 



furlough 
furlough 



on furlough 



furlough 



Fif^st Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



367 



Names 



Rank 



[Enrollment] 
[Date of] [Where] 



Remarks 



John King 
James HoUaway 
James Rayfield 
Amanuel Kenp 
James Piper 
William Campbell 
Murphy Kemp 
Archable Northcut 
Constintine Clarkson 
Clinton Willson 
Vincin Carter 
Squire D Masters 
H H Lemmon 
Alexander Bell [Beall] 

James Gillham 

William Orear 
Washington Olney 



on furlough 



on furlough 
on furlough 



Appointed Paymaster the 

19th. June 1832 H 
Elected Lieut Col 19th. 

June 1832 
on furlough 
Taken on Wagoner — absent 

since [?] June the 19th. 

1832 



I Certify that the above muster Roll exhibits a true statement of the Company of 
Ill[inois] Mounted Volunteers under my Command Mustered out of the services of the 
United States at fort Wilborn 111 river this 1st Day of August 1832. 

William Gillham Capt 

[ANS] Mustered out of the service of the United States at Fort Wilbourn this lat 
day of August 1832, by order of Maj Genl W. Scott. 

N. J. Eaton Lieut 6th U S. Infy &C 



DS, DNA. Endorsed: "112 Wright 18178." 

Columns 1, 6, 7, 8, and 9 are omitted here. 
Columns 1 and 7, headed "No" and "Period 
of time," are blank. Column 6 states that 
the company was enrolled by William Gill- 
ham; Column 8 gives the distance (presum- 
ably, from Fort Wilbourn to the place of 
enrollment in Morgan County) as 200 miles; 
and Column 9 lists those present at the mus- 
ter-out. Absentees can be determined from 
the remarks, except in the cases of Alexander 
Beall and James Gillham, who were listed as 
present despite the fact that they held staff 
positions. The following names are spelled 
differently in the ninth column : James Moris, 
Scebert C. Shelton, Robert McCulom, Hancel 
W. House (since he was absent, the entry 
was marked out but is legible), Anunanuel 
Kemp, William L. Campbell, and Hiram H. 
Lemmon. 

I Hi also has photostat from DNA of the 
company muster ing-in roll of June 20, with 
the certificate of inspection signed "E. C. 
Berry, Adjt & Inspector Genl." The "signa- 



ture" on the captain's certificate is not Gill- 
ham's. The June 20 roll has the Wright en- 
dorsement and General Atkinson's AES of 
approval. 

Corp. Isaac Graton was listed as a private 
on June 20, and Washington Olney, whom 
Graton succeeded, was 4th corporal on that 
date. Olney is the last private on the roll 
above. 

Names given more fully or with spelling 
variations on the June 20 roll : 
1st Lt. James Ethal ("Etheal" in one col- 
umn) 
1st Corp. Zadoc T. Riggs 
4th Corp. Isaac Gratten (also "Graton") 
Pvts. Kinzy Clarkson 
William Mathus 

Clark Nicholas (also "Nichols") 
Hansel (also "Hancel") W. House 
Ammanuel Kenp (also "Amanuel Kemp") 
William L. (or "T.") Campbell 
Hiram H. Lemmon. 



368 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM GORDON 

Muster Roll of a company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois IVIilitia under the com- 
mand of Capt William Gordon ordered into the service of the United States by the 
Governor of the state on the Requisition of General Atkinson of the united States 
Army atached to the first Regt of the third Brigade in the year 1832. 



No Names 


Rank 


( 


date of 




Remarks 






Er. 


irollment 




1 William Gordon 


Capt. 


30th April 1832 




2 John Pickering 


IstLt 


" 




" 


on Furlough since 19th July 
1832 


3 Thomas Askins 


2dLt 


" 




" 




1 Robert Dinsmore 


1st Sergt 


" 




" 




2 William York 


2 do 


" 




" 


on Fm-lough since 10th July 
1832 


3 Sylvester Moss 


3 do 


" 




« 




4 Benjamin Allen 


4. do 


" 




" 




1 Benjamin Murphy 


1st corporal 


" 




" 


on Furlough since 19th July 
1832 


2 Loyd Aday 


2 do 


" 




" 




3 Enoch Bramson 


3 do 


" 




" 




4 John Dinsmore 


4 do 


« 




" 




1 Manlv Thomas 


private 


« 




u 




2 Elza Williams 


" 


« 




« 




3 drury Smith 


" 


" 




" 




4 Farington Powell 


" 


" 




" 




5 Hugh Davis 


" 


" 




" 




6 Patterson Drumond 


" 


" 




" 




7 orvill E Kellogg 


" 


" 




" 


on furlough since 10th July 



8 Thomas G Black 

9 Daniel Boothby 

10 Daniel R Jones 

11 Mathew Dinsmore 

12 James Ogg 

13 Edward McGovern 



1832 



on furlough since 19th July 
1832 

on furlough since 19th July 

1832 
Sent on express to general 

Atkinson 20th July 32 

and continued in service 

till 2 August 1832 



James Johnston 
William Jones 
Hiram Garret 
Dudly R Murphy 
William Turner 
Malan Strode 
Nelson McDowell 
William [N. M]ills 
Elijah McCombs 
Joseph Keller 
James G Allen 
Benjamin Scott 



First Regmie7it, Third Brigade, Third Arm]/ 



369 



No 



Names 



Rank 



date of 
Enrollment 



Remarks 



26 Washington Weeks 



27 Rice Hardwick 

28 Henery Powell 

29 Woolery Coonrod 

30 Joseph Slotton 

31 Elisha K Wood 

32 Miram K Brownson 



Sent on Express to Genl At- 
kinson on 20th July 32 & 
continued in service till 2 
August 1832 

on Furlough since 18th July 
1832 

on Furlough since 10th July 

1832 
on Furlough since 26th July 

1832 
appoint[e]d Surgeon 18 

June 1832 
appointed Asst Surgeon 

19th June 1832 



I certify on Honor that this Muster Roll exhibits a true statement of the time of 
service of the [compan]y [o]f Mounted volunteers of Illinois Militia under my com- 
mand and allso of the names of those belonging to the company and that the Remarks 
made thereon are true that said company was Mustered out of service by me on the 
29th day of July 1832 two hundred and twelve Miles from the place of Enrollment 

Wm. Gordon Capt in 1st Regt 3d Brigade 111. M. V. Militia 



ADS, DNA. Endorsed: (1) "107 Wright 
18178." (2) AES — "Approved. H. Atkinson 
Br. Gen [U.] S. ay." 

Columns 5, 6, and 7 are omitted here. Col- 
umns 5 and 6 give the dates of service as 
June 2 to July 29, inclusive. Column 7 lists 
the men present at the niuster-out ; absentees 
can be determined from the remarks. The 
two officers appointed to the staff from this 
company, Surgeons Wood and Brownson, 
were not listed present July 29. Names spelled 
differently in the "Names Present" column 
are those of Nos. 16 and 19, Hiram Garrett 
and Malon Strode. 



affidavit, in the handwriting of William 
Thomas, but signed by Mathews : 

[/ certifly on Honor that the company under 
rommand of Capt WiUiam Garden of which 
this is a Miister Roll, was attached to the 
Regiment under my command. I have Ex- 
amined this Muster Roll, and being personally 
acquainted with every person whose name 
appears thereon, and halting been present 
when the company ivas mustered out of serv- 
ice by Capt Gorden, I am satisfied that the 
Roll is correct, the time of service correctly 
stated, and the remarks true Given under 
my hand this 25th. day of Febuary 1S33. 
Sand. T Mathews Col. Oomdt. 



On the back of 



roll is the following 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN CYRUS MATHEWS 



Muster Roll of Capt. Cyrus Mathews Company of Foot Volunteers Called and Mus- 
tered into the Service of the United States by order of the Commander in Chief of 
the Militia of the State of Illinois Attached to the First Regiment under the Command 
of Brig. Genl. James D. Henry from the Second day of June 1832 to the Thirty first 
day of August 1832. 



370 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 









Enlistment 


No. Names. 


Rank 


Date oj. 


Where 


1 Cyrus Mathews 


Capt. 


June 2d 


Jackson- 








1832. 


ville 


2 Wm. Hunter 


1st 


. Lieut 


" 


Morgan 


3 Wm. K. Lindsay 


2d. 


Do. 


" 


County 


1 Wm. Barker. 


1st 


. Sergt. 


" 


" 


2 M. Q. Dennis 


2d. 


Do. 


" 


« 


3 Thomas Shepherd 


3d. 


Do. 


" 


" 


4 Wm. C. Harris 


4th 


I. Do. 


" 


" 


1 A. B. Shephard. 


1st 


. Corp. 


" 


« 


2 Enos Hobbs 


2d. 


Do. 


" 


" 


3 Wyler Scribner 


3d. 


Do. 


« 


a 


4 Robt. S. Anderson 


4th 


L. Do. 


« 


a 


1 Abel. C. Dickens 


Private 


« 


a 


2 Benj. Humphrey 




" 


« 


a 


3 Cyrus W. Crawley 




" 


" 


tt 


4 Daniel Lutes 




" 


« 


" 


5 Edmund Sammons 




« 


« 


a 


6 Fielding Grimsley 




" 


u 


u 


7 G. W. Row. 




" 


« 


u 


8 Joseph Rodes. 




« 


u 


" 


9 John Kurkandall 




" 


" 


a 


10 James. S. Anderson 




" 


a 


« 


11 James Carson 




u 


a 


a 


12 James H. Lynch 




" 


It 


a 


13 Josiah Hart 




" 


" 


It 


14 John. C. Houston 




« 


u 


« 


15 Jared L. Hames 




« 


a 


« 


16 John Row 




« 


« 


« 


17 John Bones 




« 


a 


It 


18 L. B. Ragen 




" 


a 


a 


19 Lemuel McGLnnis 




" 


" 


" 


20 Peter Joiner 




" 


« 


" 


21 Samuel Rose 




a 


« 


It 


22 Thomas Carson 




a 


a 


« 


23 Thomas Lofhlin 




a 


« 


« 


24 Thomas Bucy 




" 


« 


« 


25 Wm. Taylor. 




« 


a 


« 


26 Wm. Horton 




u 


a 


" 


27 Walter. W. Myers 




« 


a 


« 


28 William Grimsley 




" 


a 


« 


29 Washington Webb. 




" 


u 


« 


30 William Morris 




« 


" 


« 


31 William Foster 




« 


« 


« 


32 William Carter 




u 


« 


« 


33 Berry HoUandi 




« 


" 


« 


34 John Reed 




" 


18th. June 


Ft. Wilbourn 



35 P. W. January 



Illinois 74 
Days 
2d. June Jacksonville 

Morgan Co. 90 Days. 



I certify that the within Muster Roll exhibits a true Statement of the Company of 



First Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



371 



Illinois Foot Volunteers under my Conainand. Given at Fort Wilbourn this 21st. day 
of June 1832 

(Signed) Cyrus Matthews Capt. 

Mustered into the Service of the United States, the 22d. Day of June 1832 

(Signed) Robt. Anderson Asst. Insr. Genl. 



Anderson Muster Book, IHi. The last two 
columns, "Names Present" and "Remarks," 
are omitted here. With three exceptions all 
company members were present and the only 
remarks on the roll follow the names of 
absentees: Pvts. 8, Joseph Rodes, "Sick"; 
18. L. B. Ragen, "Sick"; and 32, William 
Carter, "absent with leave Detached by 
the Quarter Master of the third Brige." In 
the "Names Present" column the name of 
Pvt. 7 is given "George W. Row" and that 
of Pvt. 23 as "T. Loflin." 

IHi also has a photostat from DNA of the 
mustering-out roll signed by William Hunter 
at Fort Wilbourn, Aug. 1, with Lt. N. J. 
Eaton's mustering certificate. The Aug. 1 
roll is endorsed, "119 Wright 18178," 
and has H. Atkinson's AES of approval. 
The mustering-out roll omits three men 
listed above — Pvts. 24, Thomas Bucy; 32, 
William Carter; and 35, P. W. January- — 
but includes five not on the above roll — 
M. L. Stinson, Wm. S. Hamilton, Isaac 
Moss, R. M. Patterson (whose name is 
scratched through with the notation, "Gon 
Home"), and Frances (sic) George, whose 
residence is given as White County. Hamil- 



ton was also from White County, although 
this roll does not so indicate. 

Spelling variations and remarks on the Aug. 
1 roll are as follows: Capt. Cyrus Mathews, 
"On furlough since the 23d July 1832"; 
2d Lt. W. K. Lindsay, "Resigned 23d June 
1882"; 1st Corp. A. B. Shepherd; 3d Corp. 
Wiley Scribner, "Elected 2 Lieut 23 June 
1832"; and Pvts. 6, Fielding Grimsley, "Ab- 
sent driving a team hauling provisions for 
the Army"; 7, G. W. Row, "Elected 2nd. 
Corporal June 23d 1832"; 9, J. Kurken- 
dall; 14, J. C. Huston; 15, J. L. Haymes; 
18, L. B. Ragen, "On furlough"; 23, 
Thomas Loflin; 25, Wm. Tavlor, "On fur- 
lough"; 27, W. W. Myres; 29, Wm. (prob- 
ably a copyist's error) Webb; and 34, John 
A. Reed. 

1 A Berry Holland is also listed as a private 
in Capt. Samuel T. Mathews' company. If 
the rolls are correct, there were then two 
men by this name in Morgan County, since 
both men are listed as present at the com- 
pany musters and the companies were in 
service during the same period. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN DAVID SMITH 

Muster Roll of Capt. Davids Smiths company of Mounted Volunteers, called and 
mustered into the service of the United States, by order of the commander-in-cheif 
of the Militia of the State of Illinois attached to 1st Regt. 3 Brigade under the com- 
mand of Brig. Genl. H. Atkinson from the 1st. day of June 1832 to the 1st day of 
August 1832. 



Valuation oj 









Enrolment 


Horses and 


Valuation 


Names 


Rank 


Date of 


Where 


Equipments 


of Armes 










Madison 






David Smith 


Capt. 


June 1st 


County 


$115 00 


$60.00 


John Lee 


1st Lieut. 


" 




" 


100.00 


20 00 


John Umphrey 


2nd " 


« 




" 


115.00 


15 00 


S. T. Kendall 


1st Sargt. 


" 




" 


90 00 


35 00 


James Sterett 


2nd " 


" 




« 


95 00 


[?]5 00 


S. B. Gillham 


3d " 


« 




« 


100 00 


40 00 


W. B. Crowder 


4th " 


" 




" 


90 00 


30 00 


C. Sabastian 


1st Corpl. 


« 




« 


95 00 


20 00 


S. N. P. Elliot 


2nd " 


" 




« 


90 00 


25 00 


D. H. Forqurrain 


3rd " 


« 




" 


95 00 


5 00 



372 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 













Valuation of 










Enrolment 


Horses and 


Valuation 


Names 


Rank 


Date of 


Where 


Equipments 


of Armes 


John Walker 


4 


" 




" 


95 00 


18 00 


A Hart 


Private 


" 




" 


85 00 


20 00 


R. M. C. Dunlap 


" 


" 




" 


95 00 


20 00 


W. Harrison 


" 


" 




" 


115 00 


38 00 


John Scott 


" 


" 




" 


85 00 


35 00 


John Haynes 


" 


" 




" 


80 00 


8 00 


H. S. Summers 


" 


" 




" 


112 00 


35 00 


D. B. Rogers 


" 


" 




" 


85 00 


15 00 


John Nowland 


" 


" 




" 


90 00 


40 00 


J. W. Slayton 
J. P. Dilliplain 


« 


« 




« 


80 00 




" 


" 




" 


70 00 


33 00 


S Brazil 


" 


" 




" 


70 00 


20 00 


N. Sowell [Lowell ? 


" 


" 




" 


100 00 


15 00 


T. Lemmon 


" 


" 




" 


65 00 


20 00 


J Wood 


a 


u. 




u 


75 00 




C. Drennon 


" 


" 




" 


75 00 


18 00 


T. Eakin 


" 


" 




« 


85.00 


18 00 


C. Peter 


« 


" 




" 


95 00 


18 00 


U Brown 


u 


» 




« 


70.00 




W Nistler 


" 


« 




" 


110.00 


35 00 


D. Pembrook 


« 


" 




" 


120.00 


38 00 


E. Wheeler 


" 


" 


18 


" 


110.00 


35 00 


J. Drennon 


« 


" 


1st 


" 


70 00 


18 00 


J. Hewes 


« 


« 




« 


75 00 




J. E. Shaw 


u 


a 


29 


Lasell county 


100.00 




E. Kellogg 
0. Bangs 
H. A. Sprague 
G Sprague 
J IMahurie 


a 


u 




70 00 




« 


« 


ii 


Morgan " 
LaSalle " 


100.00 




« 


« 


« 


75 . 00 




« 


u 


a 




90.00 




" 


July[l 


>6]i 


Madison " 







I certify that the within INIuster Roll exhibits a true Statement of the company of 
Illinois Mounted Volenteers under my command Mustered out of the service of the 
United States at Ft. Willbourn 



Given at Ft Willbourn this 1st day of August 1832. 



David Smith Captain 



[ANS] Mustered out of the service of the United States by order of Maj Genl Scott, 
this 1st day of August 1832. — at Fort Wilbourn 

N. J. Eaton Lieut U. S. Army &C 



ADS, DNA. AES: "approved. H. Atkinson 
Br Ge U.S. ary." Columns 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 
and 12 are omitted here. Columns 1 and 7, 
headed "No." and "Time of Service," are 
blank. Column 6 states that the company 
was enrolled by D[avid] Smith. Column 6 
lists those present at the muster-out; the 
only absentees were 1st Lt. John Lee and 
Pvts. O. Bangs and H. A. Sprague. Col- 
umn 9 has only one entry, which reads: 



"Distance from Alton Madison County three 
hundred miles." Column 12, headed "Re- 
marks." has entries opposite the names of 
the absentees: Lee, "on Furlough"; Bangs, 
"Hospital Steward at Ottowa" ; and H. A. 
Sprague, "Sick at Ottowa." 

1 This date was supplied from the roll in 
Elliott, 54-5.5. 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field and Staff officers of the 2nd. Regiment 3rd. Brigade Mus- 
tered into the Service of the United States under Command of Brigadier Genl. At- 
kinson. 



No. 



Names 



Rank 



Residence 



Remarks 



Jacob Fry. 
Jeremiah Smith 
Benjamin James 
Hiram Holmes' 
Saml. Bennet 
Levi. D. Boon 



Colonel 

Lft Colonel 

Majr 

Adjt. 

Qr Master 

Surgeon 



Greene Coimty 

Bond County 
Adams County 
Montgomery County 



Absent with leave 



Absent with leave 



7 Wm. M Shepherd Asst Surgeon Adams County 

8 Saml. Smith Pay Master Greene County 

9 James. W. Whitney Sergt Maj Adams County 



10 Henry Bateman 



Qr. Ms. Sei-tt 



Note — The Field & Staff officers in the above Roll Severally furnished themselves 
with forage for the Horses during the Campaign at their own expence, they have 
drawn but one ration pr day of Flower & Bacon to each person. 

I certify on honour that the above is a correct Roll of the Field & Staff officers of the 
2nd. Regt 3rd. Brigade of Illinois Mounted Volunteers, under the Command of Briga- 
dier General James Henry, and that the remarks opposite each Individual name are 
Just and true. Done at Fort Dexon — Illinois this 16th. August 1832 

Jacob Fry Comd. Colonel 2nd. Regt 3rd Brigade (Illi) M. Vol 

[ANS] I certify on honor that I have carefully examined the above Muster Roll and 
that I have this 16th. day of August 1832 mustered out of the service of the United 
States the above mentioned Officers by Order of Brigr. Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. Columns 4, 5, and 7 are omitted 
here. They show that the staff was enrolled 
June 16 for 90 days and list those present 
at the muster-out. The only absentees were 
James and Boone. 

IHi also has a staff mustering-in roll, made 
out by Joshua T. Bradley, with Adj. Gen. 
E. C. Berry's certificate of inspection dated 
June 20 at the foot of the Lower Rapids of 



Illinois River. The June 20 roll gives the 
date of commission as June 18 and the place 
of rendezvous as Fort Wilbourn. The fallow- 
ing two names are spelled differently : 
Samuel Bennett and Henry Batmon. The 
June 20 roll calls Shepherd surgeon's mate, 
not assistant surgeon. 

1 Apparently Hohnes was off duty about 
three weeks in July, for the roll of Capt. 



374 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Earl Peirce's company states that James H. 
Ralston was detached from that company 



to act as regimental adjutant from July 6 
until Julj' 25. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN AARON BARROW 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Aaron Barrow's Company, Second Regiment, Third 
Brigade of the IlUnois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated the 15th. 
May 1832. This company Organized &C., in White Hall Green County lUis. 5th. 
June 1832 



No. 



NAMES} 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1st. Aaron Barrow 

2 Harvey Jarboe 

3 Job Collins 

4 James. C. Campbell 

5 Absolom Kitchens 

6 Uriah Allen 

7 James Doddy^ 

8 Allexander. W. Webb 

9 Hezekiah Crausby 

10 Job Phillips 

11 John Jones 

12 Bishop John 

13 Breeden Peter 

14 Brantly Josiah 

15 Barrow William 

16 Conlee Rheuben 

17 Cartwright Thomas 

18 Drummons Benjamin 

19 Evelin Frederick 

20 Evans Joseph 

21 Fisher. A. Samuel 

22 Ford James 

23 Goss Sherman 

24 Hart James 

25 Hart. F. John 

26 Han Henry 

27 Hunter Jessee 

28 Morrison Haman 

29 Magruder. B. Edmund 

30 Manly Gabriel 

31 McClanan. A. Johnathan 

32 Pope George 

33 Phillips Edward 



Captain 

1st. Lieutnt. 
2nd. " 
1st. Sergt. 
2nd. Do 
3rd. " 
4th. " 

1st. Corpol. 
2nd. " 
3rd. " 
4th. " 
Private 



Green County Illi- 
nois 
Do " Do 



Discharged for Disability 

15th. July 
Horse lost 



Maquapin County On Extra Duty 
Green County " Ordered 22nd. June on 
special duty 



Horse Lost 
Horse Lost 



Horse Lost 



Furlowed 22nd. June at Fort 
Wilbourn on acct. Sickness 



Horse Lost 

Furlowed 22nd. June at Fort 
Wilbourn on acct. of Sick- 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



375 



No. 



NAMES} 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



34 Rule Alfred 

35 Roe. W. George 

36 Smith Jeremiah^ 

37 Smith Samuel* 

38 Sprague Ephram 

39 Toops John 

40 Thompson. A. Beverly 

41 Turman. G. John 

42 Vineyard Squire 

43 Walker James 



44 Willis James 



La Sella County 
Green County lUi- 
n's. 



Horse Lost 

Promoted to Lieut. Colol. 

17th. June 1832 
Appointed pay Master 17— 

June for 2nd. Regt. 1832 
Horse Lost 
Horse Lost 



Furlowed 16th. June from 
Fort Wilbourn on acct. 
Sickness 



James Doddj' discharged in consequence of inabilitey — 15th. of July. 

I do certify on honor 

That this company furnished themselves with forage for their horses during the Cam- 
pain, & themselves with provisions for 10 days & that no Officer in this Company 
have drawn but one Ration per day & all the statements within inserted are correct 



Given under my hand at Fort Dixon 15th. Augt. 1832 



Aaron Barrow Capt. 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company was enrolled 5th. June 1832 and marched 8th. day June to fort Wilbourn 
where they were mustered into the service of the United States on 19th. June 1832. 

Josiah Brantly wounded 2nd. July 1832 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Aaron 
Barrow Com-pany of the Second Reg't Third Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service 
of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite 
the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation 
exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Aaron Barrow Commanding the Company. 

this Company Drawn Eight days Rations for the purpose of Conveying them to 
their Respective holmes 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 16th. day of August 1832, jmistered out of the service of the United 
Slates, the above mentioned Company of the 2nd. Rcg't 3rd. Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



J76 



PART TWO: Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



ADS, IHi. The Recapitulation, which is in- 
accurate, and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 
are omitted here. Columns 5 and 10, "Per- 
iod of Enrollment" and "Inspection Re- 
marks," are blank. Column 5 gives the date 
of enrollment as June 19 for all company 
members except Ephraim ("Ephram" on the 
roll above) Sprague, who enrolled June 20. 
Column 6 states that pay was due from the 
time of enrollment. Column 8 lists those 
present at the muster-out ; absentees were 
James Doddy, William Barrow, Rheuben 
Conlee, Haman Morrison, Edward Phillips, 
Jeremiah Smith, Samuel Smith, and James 
Walker. The only name spelled differently in 
the eighth column is that of the 1st corporal, 
"Alexander \X . Webb." 



1 In this column, the names of privates are 
given in the following order: surname, mid- 
dle initial, given name. 

2 Doddy's name and the reinark following 
were crossed out on the original, but the 
numbering of the roll was left unchanged. 

3 Jeremiah Smith's name was stricken on 
the original roll, but the numbering and re- 
mark were left unchanged. 

4 Samuel Smith's name was also stricken 
from the original, but the numbering and 
remark were left unchanged. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN JAMES KINCAID 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain James Kincaid's Companj^ Second Regiment, Third 
Brigade of Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated May 15 
1832. 



No. 


NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 


RANK. 


1 


James Kincaid 


Captain 


1 


John Fry 


1st Lieut 


2 


Royal. W. Pitts 


2nd do 


1 


John Link 


1st. Sergeant 


2 


George Meldrum 


2nd do 


3 


Henry Coonrod 


3rd do 


4tl] 


I Christopher Dodgson 


4th do 


1 


William M Dorman 


1st. Corporal 


2 


Hugh Jackson 


2nd do 


3 


John Coonrod 


3rd do 


4 


Joseph. M. Schuyler 


4th. do 


1 


Bias James 


Private 


2 


Briggs Thomas 


do 


3 


Burton Lemuel 


do 


4 


Coonrod George 


do 


5 


Cook Henry 


" 


6 


Cook William 


" 


7 


Doughty Felix 


" 


8 


Davis Joshua 


« 


9 


Fry Noah 


u 


10 


Finly William 




11 


Finly Zuriah 




12 


Greene Isaac. R. 




13 


Harrison Fielding 





COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Greene, Carrollton Lost two horses on forced 
marches 

Sick in Quarters 



Lost a horse 

Furloughed August 12th. 

Lost a horse 
Lost a horse Furloughed 

August 2nd. 



Lost [aj horse on forced 
march sick in quarters 



Furloughed August 2nd. 

Lost a horse 
Furloughed August 2nd. 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



377 



No. 



NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



COUNTY 



REMARKS.^ 



14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



Johnson John 
Lewis William 
Link Matthias S 
Linder George 
Mongold John 
Melton David 
Rattan Hiram 
Rattan Larkin 
Rattan Jarvis B 
Rattan Littleton 
Sterling Morse 
Stone Asa 
Standifer Israel 
Waggoner David 
Woodman Austin 
Whitesides John B 
Whitesides William. H. 
Jordan John C 



32 Norris James L 

33 Rattan Daniel 

34 Rattan Richard 

35 Johnson Robert 



Lost a horse 



Absent with permission 
Lost a horse 
Lost a horse 
Furloughed August 2nd 



Furloughed August 12th. 
do do 2nd. 

do do do 

Discharged by order of Gen 

Scott at Dixon ferry 
[Discharged] June 22nd. in 

consequen[ce] of ill health 
[Discharged] by order of Gen 

Scott 
[Discharged by order of Gen. 

Scott] 
[Discharged] June 22 in con- 

sequen[ce] of ill health 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 
This Company was organised May 6th. 1832 received orders to march June 3rd 

Marched June 6th. Ai'rived at Fort Wilburn which was the appointed place of ren- 
dezvous June 14th. and was mustered into service June 19th. 



This Company found their own rations in full from the 6th of June to the 16th. 

Since the 16th. of June nearly all th[e] small rations* have been furnished by the 
Company 

No forage has ever been issued to this Company. No officer of this Company has 
ever drawn more rations than a private. 



* By small rations we mean candles soap and all other articles furnished for soldiers 
except flour & pork. 

I CERTIFY, 071 honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. James 
Kincaid's Company Second Reg't Third Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of 
the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the 
names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation ex- 
hibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

James Kincaid Commanding the Company. 



378 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



Received August 15th. 1832 rations for eight days for 35 men 

James Kincaid Captain' 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 16th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 2nd. Reg't 3rd. Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl. Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. Col- 
umns 4, 5, and 6 show that the company 
was enrolled in U.S. service June 19, 1832, 
for 90 days and was entitled to pay from 
the time of enrollment. The eighth column 
lists those present at the muster-out. The 
tenth column, "Inspection Remarks," is 
blank. 

The Recapitulation gives a total company 
strength of 46, of whom 32 were present 
Aug. 16. The roster of Isaac Parmenter's 
detachment, mustered out of service Aug. 2, 
includes names of 3 men from this company: 
Richard Rattan, Daniel Rattan, and John 
C. Jordan; see the last chapter of 3d Army 
rolls. 



The name of Price Trovillo was entered on 
the mustering-out roll as a private, with the 
remark "Promoted June 19th," but the 
entire entry was crossed out. Trovillo be- 
came an assistant quartermaster general on 
the Governor's staff; see the June 23 staff 
roll. 

1 Words in brackets in the last four re- 
marks are represented by "do's" on the orig- 
inal roll. 

2 This statement and the captain's name are 
in a different handwriting from that of the 
signature on the certificate above. The first 
one is probably the captain's own signature. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ALEXANDER SMITH 

(Later Gershom Patterson's) 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Gershom Patterson Company, Second Regiment, Third 
Brigade of the Illinois Mounted Voluntrs called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated May the 
15th 1832. This Company organised &C. Second day of May Greene County Illi 
R. Wood 1 



No. NAMES} 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Gershom Patterson 

1 Jacob Bacccus 

1 Samuel Bowman 

1 Johnathan Cooper 



2 Calvin Griggs 

3 James Naron 

4 Alexander Moore 

1 John Reddish 

2 Aaron Leyerly 

3 Edmond Medford 



Capt 

1st. Lieut 
2nd. Do. 
1st. Sergt 



2nd. do 
3rd. do 

4th. do 
1st. Corp 
2nd. do 
3rd do 



Greene Co Illi- Promoted 16th July 1832 
nois 
" " " Horse Lost on force March and saddle 
" " " Fell in Action 

" " " detailed on extra duty for quarter master 
from July the 28 [?] to August the 12 
1832 

" "J'i " J ' Furloughed August 12th. at Fort 
Hambleton Lost a horse 



sadd[le] lost in survis 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



379 



No. NAMES? 

{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Robert Erwin 
Bowen John 
Bonner Alexander 
Chowning Robert 
Chapman H Thomas 
Carlin Thomas 



6 Chism Alexander 

7 Clepper Josep B 

8 Darneal Isaac 

9 English N John 

10 Mcfain John 

11 Guffy John 

12 Higgens Filoman 

13 Hamilton W Bushrod 

14 Higgins John 

15 McKinny Josep 

16 Moore I [J?] Seabourn 

17 Means James 

18 Mannon David 

19 Means John 

20 Rice SoUoman 

21 Rusk David 

22 Sears Thomas 

23 Suttlemiers David 

24 Walden SoUoman 

25 Walden John 



4th. do 
private 



on furlough 7rd of August ' 
On furlough 20th. of June 1832 



Horse lost and saddle & bridle on fore 
march 

On Fu[rlo]ugh June the 22d. 1832 
detailed to Color Bearer June 20th. Gun 
& Accurtermts Lost in Battl 

Horse lost, saddle Blanket & bridle on 
force march Furloughed Augt. 7rd 

Lost a horse on Furlough from the 7 of 
Augut. 

Horse lost saddle & and bridle on force 
march 



on Furlough from the 7rd of August. 



on Furlough from the 7rd of August 
On Furlough from the 22d of June. 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

Resignation of Capt Alexander Smith July 15th 1832. 

Samuel Bowman 2d Lieut fell in Battle August th 2d 1832 

This Company Was orginized May 2d & Marched 9th. of June to Ft. Wilbourn & 
Mustered into Service On the 19 of June 1832 

Gershom Patterson promoted to Capt 16th. of July 1832 

This Company has Drawn Eight days Rations for the purpose of Conoveying the 
Company to the Respective holmes. 

The Company furnished its Own provisions from 9th. till 18th June 1832 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Gershom 
Pattershom Company of the Second RegH & 3rd Brigade, Illinois Voluriteers in the 
service of the Uiiited States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks^' set 



380 



PART TWO : BJacJi Ilaivk Campaign of 183k 



opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Re- 
cajritulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Gershom Patterson Commanding the Company. 
I certify that Officers of this Drew One Ration per day during the Campaign 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 16th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 2 RegH & 3rd Brig, by order of Brig General 
Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr Genl 



DS ( .'), IHi. In most cases when the cap- 
tain's name affixed to the certificate is in a 
different handwriting from that of the rest 
of the roll, the name is a signature. That 
is the assumption made here. However, if 
Patterson did sign the roll, he misspelled 
his own name as "Pattershom" when he 
inserted it in the certificate. A few of the 
remarks and the sentence dealing with 
traveling rations in the "Record of Events" 
are in the same handwriting as the captain's 
signature. 

The Recapitulation and Columns 4, 5, 6, 8, 
and 10 are omitted here. Columns 4, 5, and 
6 show that the company was enrolled in 
U.S. service on June 19 for 90 days and 
was entitled to pay from the time of en- 
rollment. Column 8 lists those present at 
the muster-out; absentees can be determined 
from the remarks. Two names are spelled 
differently in the eighth column : Pvts. 3 and 
12 are given "Robert Chewning" and "Phil- 
oman Higgens." Pvt. 8, Isaac Darnielle 
(the preferred spelling), was marked pres- 
ent Aug. 16 despite the fact that the re- 
mark following his name states that he was 



detached as color bearer. Samuel Bowman's 
name was lined out on the original, though he 
was included in the Recapitulation figures. 

The Recapitulation gives the total company 
strength as 36 men, of whom 26 were pres- 
ent at the mu.stor-out, 9 were on furlough, 
and one had been killed. 

1 The Richwood or Rich Woods election dis- 
trict of Greene County was created in 1827. 
It was roughly the area that later became 
Richwood Township of Jersey County. Atlas 
Map of Jersey County, Illinois (1872), 6; 
B. B. Hamilton, Historical Sketch of Jersey 
County, Illinois (1876), 13; Greene and 
Jersey Counties (1885), 366. 

2 In the list of privates the middle initial 
and Christian name are transposed. 

3 Several company members were furloughed 
on Aug. 7. In all cases the original entry 
giving this information dated the furloughs 
as beginning Aug. "3rd," but the "3" was 
crossed out and "7" inserted. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN EARL PEIRCE 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Earl Peirce's Company, Second Regiment, Third Bri- 
gade of the Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated thirtieth 
May 1832. 



No.i NAMES. 

(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



1 Earl Peirce 

1 Bluford Morris 

2 Loring Ames 

1 Alfred Westfall 

2 Peter Hynes 



Captain 
1st. Lieut. 
2d. Lieut. 

1 Serjent 
2d. Serjt. 



Adams Lost Horse on 1st. August by forced March 

" Furloughed 12 August, Horse & Equip- 

ments Lost 21st. July. 

" Furloughed 4th. August 

" Horse Lost Worn out Reduced & Left, 

Equipments Lost 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



381 



No. 



NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



3 William Smith 

4 Reuben Turner 
1 William Carter 



John Black 
Preston Morris 
Jacob Hanks 
Andrew Bridgewater 
Alexander Black 
Charles W Billington 
Daniel Benedict 
Jacob Benedict 
George W Chapman 
Golesby Childers 
Jacob Dickerson 
Benjamin Denson 
Epps Gillingwater 
Daniel Hunsacker 
Alfred Hederick 
Henry Harrison 
Henry Jacobs 
Joshua Lile 
Stephen O Paine 
John Petree 
James H Ralston 



3d. Serjent 
4 Serjt. 

1 Corprl. 

2 " 

3 " 
4 
Private 



19 George W Williams 



George Whitall 
Harbison Tolly 
Hiram Holmes 
John E Jeffers 
William Clark 
Abijah Harris 



Adjudent 
[Private] 



26 Samuel Furguson 

27 Albert Felt 

28 Abram Howard 

29 Joseph Roberts 

30 Jonathan Shinn 

31 Jacob Warrick 

32 Charles Dodd 

33 John C Brawdy 



Furloughed 9th. August Lost Horse 

Horse Lost Lame & Left at Dodgeville 

13th. Aug. 
Lost Llorse at Dicksons June 26th. 
On foot & Returned Home August 7th. 
Returned Home August 4th. 



Detached to act as Adjadent of the 2d. 
Regt. on the 6th. day of July & contin- 
ued to act as such till 25th. July. 



[Promoted to] . . . Adjadent June 18th. 

Joined the Spies June 21st. 

Left at Dicksons, June 28th 

Horse Lost Lame & Left on forced March. 

Left at Dicksons June 28th. 
Horse Unable to travel & Left at Cos- 

quenon Furloughed at Fort Hamilton 

August 12th. 
Furloughed at Fort Hamilton August 12th. 

Horse Lost equipments Lost July 21st. 

on forced march. 
Absent from Praria du Chein with Leave 
Do 
Left at Fort Dickson June 28th. by Order. 

Horse unable to travel 
Furloughed at Fort Hamilton 12th August 

at Dicksons — Horse Lost 28. June. 
And furloughed August 12th at Fort 

Hamilton^ 
Left at Fort Dickson by Order Horse Lost 

June 28 



382 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No} NAMES. 

{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



34 Jeremiah B Walker 

35 Nathan McCarta 

36 Harrison Brooks 

37 Lowery Shaw 



Absent from Fort Crawford with Leave 

August 8th. 
Left at Fort Dickson with Leave Horse 

Stolen June 28 
Detailed on the 8th. June with Waggon & 

2 horses 
On Detatched Service 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This company was enrolled & volunteered in Adams County on the fifth day of June 
1832 and ordered to March forthwith to head Quarters at which place we arrived at 
Fort Wilbourn on the Sixteenth daj^ of June 1832 and Mustered into Service of the 
United States on the Eighteenth day of June 1832 as Mounted Volunteers under com- 
mand of General Atkinson 

This company furnished its own rations to the place of rendavous also horse forage. 

During the whole time of Service the officers of this Company drew only the Rations 
Issued to the privates 



I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Earl 
Peirces Com-pany Mounted Volunteers second Reg't third Brigade, Illinois Volunteers 
in the service of the United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the ^'Remarks" 
set opposite the names of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the 
Recapitulation exhibits, in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Earl Peirce Commanding the Company. 
this Company Drew Eight daj^s traveling Rations to Return home from Aug 15th 1832 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 16th day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 2nd. RegH 3rd. Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. Col- 
umns 4 and 5 show that, with one excep- 
tion, company members were enrolled in 
U.S. service on June 18 for 90 days. The 
last private on the roll, Lowery Shaw, did 
not enroll until July 3. Columns 8 and 10, 
headed "Pay" and "Inspection Remarks," 
are blank. The eighth column lists those 
present at the muster-out. There were twenty- 
one absentees: 1st Lieutenant Morris, 2d 
Lieutenant Ames, Sergeant Smith, Corporals 
Morris and Hanks, Adjutant Holmes, and 
the last fifteen privates on the roll. 

Two names have spelling variations in the 
eighth column: 2d Lt. "Beauford" Morris 
and Pvt. 20, George "Whittell." 



Originally entered on the roll were the 
names of the following three men who 
served on the 2d Regiment staff : James \V. 
Whitney, promoted to sergeant major June 
18; William M. Shepherd, promoted to 
surgeon's mate June 18; and Henry Bait- 
man (so spelled), promoted to quartermaster 
sergeant June 18. The entries giving this 
information were completely crossed out. It 
was probably inadvertence on the part oi 
the person making out the roll that Adju- 
tant Holmes's name was not also marked 
out. 

The five men left at Dixon's Ferry, Privates 
Brawdy, Clark, Harris, McCarta, and Shinn, 
were mustered out in Isaac Parmenter's de- 
tachment on Aug. 2. 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



383 



1 ^VlleIl renumbering the roll after deleting 
the names of three men appointed to the 
staff, the clerk failed to correct the number- 
ing on the back of the original roll. It has 



been corrected on this transcript. 



- The word "sick" at the beginning 
remark was stricken. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN HIRAM ROUNTREE 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Hiram Rountree's Company, Second Regiment, Third 
Brigade Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on 
the requisition of Gen. Henry Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated May 
15th 1832. (This Company was Organized in Montgomery County May 21st 1832) 



No 


1 NAMES. 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 




RANK. 


COUNTY. 


REMARKS. 


1 


Hiram Rountree 


C 


aptain 


Montgomery 


One ration only drawn. 


2 


John Kirkpatrick 


1 Lieutenant 


Same 


do 


3 


Thomas Philips 


2. 


do 


Same 


do 


4 


Andrew K Gray 


1st Sergt 


Same 




5 


John Stone 


2. 


do 


Same 




6 


Samuel Jackson 


3" 


do 


Same 


Sent home Sick, On 9th July from 
Koskenong. 


7 


David B Starr 


4. 


do 


Same 




8 


Spartan Grisham 


1 


Corporal 


Same 




9 


Malaki Smith 


2, 


do 


Same 




10 


Thomas McAdams 


3. 


do 


Same 


Permitted to retiu-n home another way. 


11 


Thomas Edwards 


4. 


do 


Same 




12 


Aydlett Clement C 


private 


Same 


Discharged by Genl Scott. 


13 


Brown John 




do 


Same 


Sent home Sick from Koskenong July 9th 
1832. 


14 


Briggs John 




do 


Same 




15 


Burke Joseph 




do 


Same 




16 


Berry James Jvl 




do 


Same 




17 


Boone Levi D 




do 


Same 


appointed Surgeon 


18 


Booer Levi W 




do 


Same 


Discharged by Genl Scott. Horse Valued 
$65. lost by running off. 


19 


Bennett Samuel 




do 


Same 


appointed Quarter Master. Rifle gun Val 
$30. Bursted by loading in Battle. 


20 


Coffey Cleavland 




do 


Same 




21 


Copeland David 




do 


Same 




22 


Corlew John 




do 


Same 




23 


Cardwell James 




do 


Same 


Sent home Sick from Koskenong July 9th. 
1832. 


24 


Duncan John 




do 


Same 




25 


Early Thomas 




do 


Same 




26 


Evans Thomas 




do 


Same 




27 


Forehand Ammon 




do 


Same 




28 


Griffith WUliam 




do 


Same 




29 


Gray Thomas 




do 


Same 


Discharged at Helena July 28th 1832. 


30 


Gray Alexander R 




do 


Same 




31 


Hart John 




do 


Same 




32 


Harkey George 




do 


Same 


Sent home Sick. 



384 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No.^ NAMES. 

{Privates in Alpha - 
helical order.) 



RANK. 



coir NT Y. 



REMARKS. 



33 Holmes John M 



do 



34 


Harkey William 


do 


35 


Heady Thomas W 


do 


36 


Hughes Thomas C. 


do 


37 


Hannah John 


do 


38 


Johnson Alfred 


do 


39 


Jones William 


do 


40 


Johnson Jesse 


do 


41 


Johnson Thomas 


do 


42 


Lockerman James 


do 


43 


Long John K 


do 


44 


McCurry John 


do 


45 


McPhaill Malcolm 


do 


46 


McCullock David T 


do 


47 


Mansfield Horace 


do 


48 


McCullock Axim 


do 


49 


McWilliams John M 


do 


50 


McDavid William 


do 


51 


McCullock Robert 


do 


52 


Paisley Samuel 


do 


53 


Potter Thomas 


do 


54 


Potter James 


do 


55 


Rhodes. Jacob 


do 


56 


Rose Willis 


do 


57 


Steel Luke Lea 


do 


58 


Sturtevant Thomas 


do 


59 


Shirley Zebedee 


do 


60 


Slater John 


do 


61 


Tennis William M. 


do 


62 


Wilson James 


do 


63 


Williams David M 


do 


64 


Wilson Joseph W 


do 


65 


Williams William S 


do 


66 


Wood, Thomas 


do 


67 


Williford Thomas 


do 


68 


Young William 


do 



Same 

Same 
Same 
Same 

Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 



Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 

Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 

Same 

Same 

Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 
Same 



Sent home Sick from Fort Wilburn June 
22nd 1832. 



Permitted to go home by water. Horse 
Valued $80 Snagged & unfit for use 



Sent to Galena Sick. Horse Valued $60. 
equipage $14. lost by forced march 
After enemy 



Discharged by Genl Atkinson 
Permitted to go home by water. 



Sent to Galena Sick. Horse Vald. $50. 
equipage $12. lost by forced march. 
Discharged by Genl Scott. 



Sent home from Fort Wilburn as Attend- 
ant On Sick, June 22nd 1832. 

Permitted to return home before muster- 
ing Out of Service. 

Horse Valued at $50. equipage $12. lost 
by forced march. 



Permitted to return home by water. 

Sent home Sick from Fort Wilburn 
Sent to Galena Sick. 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

This Company was Organized in Montgomery County On the 21 day of IMay And 
Ordered to March On the 4th day of June and Actually did march On the 9th. June 
1832 and was mustered into the Service of the United States On the 20th day of June 
1832. And from 9th to 17th June furnished their Own provisions. 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, TJiird Army 



385 



Half rations Only of soap and Salt have been drawn and rations of whiskey Only 
One and a half, rations of Vinegar Beans Candles &c not exceeding five or Six. No 
forage provided for the horses. No transportation of bagage furnished any Officer of 
the Company. No Officer has drawn but One ration. 

Eight days rations for 53 men as provision for the Company home reed. Augt 16th 1832 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Rountree's 
Company of Second Reg't Third Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the United 
States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names of 
each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, in 
every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Hiram Rountree Capt. Commanding the Company. 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on honor, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 16th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above vientioned Company of the 2nd. Reg't 3rd. Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. Tlie Recapitulation and Columns 
4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. Col- 
umns 4 and 5 show that the company was 
enrolled in U.S. service June 20, 1832, for 
three months. Column 8 lists those present 
at the muster-out. Columns 6 and 10, "Pay" 
and "Inspection Remarks," are blank. 

The Recapitulation gives the total company 
strength as sixty-eight, thus including the 
two men, Boone and Bennett, Nos. 17 and 
19, who served on the 2d Regiment staff. 
Forty-six company members were present 
at the muster-out. Two of the absentees were 
discharged Aug. 2 in Isaac Parmenter's 
detachment. The detachment roster gives 



their names as 3d Sgt. Samuel Jackson and 
Pvt. Levi Booyer (or Booher), Xo. ItJ 
above. 

Privates Aydlett and Rhodes, Kos. 12 and 
55 above, were mustered out in Capt. 
Samuel Brimbery's detachment. On the de- 
tachment roster, the name of the former is 
given "Aydlott." 

1 To the left of the numbers as here printed, 
Rountree renumbered the original roll, group- 
ing separately the commissioned officers, the 
noncommissioned officers, and the privates. 
Boone's and Bennett's names were lined 
out, but the numbering was left unchanged. 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN THOMAS STOUT 

MUSTER ROLL of Captain Thomas Stout Company, Second Regiment, Third Bri- 
gade of the Illinois Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States 
on the requisition of Gen. Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated 1832. 
This Company organised May the 5th. Bond County Illinois. 



No. 



NAMES.^ 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS.' 



1 Thomas Stout 
1 John Hoptin 



Capt 
1st Lieut 



2 John P Hunter 2 Do. 

1 Austion R Diamond 1st Sergt 

2 Lewis Kerr 2nd Do. 



Bond County 
Illinois 



Absent with Leave from Prairie 
Duchien 



386 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



No. 



NAMES} 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order. ) 



RANK. COUNTY. 



REMARKS.^ 



3 Andrew W Watson 

4 Wilson. Carson 



John N Gilham 
Andrew Haun 



3 Gideon B Gilmore 



Alexander Steward 
Black William 
Buie Duncan 
Barlow Joseph 
Clanton Chapman 



5 Conney [?] Andrew 

6 Combs James 

7 Downing James 

8 Ellis Noah 

9 Ellison Price 

10 Ellison James 

11 Green George 

12 Green James 

13 Harper Robert 

14 Harper James 

15 Hasting Sutton 

16 Hunter Samuel 

17 James Benjamin 

18 Koonce George 

19 Litle F John 

20 Laxton James 

21 McCurly W George 



3 Do. 

4 Do. 

1st Corporol 

2 Do 

3 Do 

4 Do. 
Private 



Moore James 
Moore William 
McAdow N Samuel 
Moody F John 
McAdams William 
McAdams R William 



28 Nance Webster 

29 Nelson. C. Calvin 

30 Pierce. B. Robert 



Bond County 
Illinois 



Putnam Coun- 
ty Illinois 
Bond County 
Illinois 



Sangamon 

County Illis 

Bond County 

Illinois 



Asent With leave from Prairie 
Duchien Horse lost 

Absent with leave from Hamilton 

29th July 
Furloughed July 10th at Fort 

Kuskinon 
Horse lost 
Horse lost 



Absent with leave from Prairie 
Duchien Gun lost in action 

[Furjlowed 22nd June at Fort 
Wilburn 



Absent with leave from Prairie 
Duchien 



Absent with leave from Prairie 
Duchien 



Attached to Company 20 June 
1832 



Absent with Leave from Prairy 
Duchien Horse Lost 



Saddle and Blankets Lost in action 
Absent with leave from Prairie 
Duchien 



Madison Coim- Attached to Company 20th. June 
ty im 1832. 



Second Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



387 



No. 



NAMES} 
{Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS.^ 



31 Pigg Elijah 



Perdieu G Joshua 
Rice William 
Stokes Frederic 
Stokes William 
Stubblefield Lewis 



37 Stubblefield Wiatt 

38 Stubblefield William 

39 Sterling John 

40 Sellers Benjamin 

41 Tailor. T. William 



Bond County 
Illi. 



" Horse lost 

" Absent with leave from Fort 

Hambleton 12 Augst 

" Absent with leave from Fort 

Hambleten 12 Augst 

" Absent with leave from prairie 

Duchien Horses lost 

" Horse lost 

" Fm'loughed at Fort Hambleton 

12th. August Horse lost 

" Furloughed 22nd. June at Fort 

Wilborn 

" Discharged 26th. July at Hellena 

" Discharged by order of Genl. Scott 

Horse lost 
" [Discharged by order of Genl. Scott] 

Horse lost 
" Discharged by order of Genl Henry 

22nd. June 
" [Discharged by order of Genl 

Henry] 22nd. June 
" Deserted 22nd. June at Fort 

Wilborn 

[The names of the last six privates were first entered on the roll in approximate alpha- 
betical order, but were marked out and added at the end.] 

RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

In Complyance with the Govenors Proclamation dated may the 5th This Company 
took up the line of march for Fort Wilburn with Ten days Provisions on the 8th of 
June arrived there 18th. mustered into the Service the 19th. of the afforesaid month 
from which time have drawn rations in part from the Qr master Genl of the Illinois 
mounted Volunteers 



42 
43 


White R Alexander 
WTiite. N. Thomas 


ol 
2 


WilHam Paisley 
Charles. W. Himt 


3 


James Enlow' 


4 


John Cox* 


5 


Richard Moody 


1 


Westley Combs 



officers Elected May 5th. Received orders to march June 5th. Marched 8th. 1832 

I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. Thomas 
Stouts Company 2nd. Reg't 3rd. Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the United 
States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names of 
each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; and that the Recapitulation exhibits, in 
every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Thomas Stout Capt Commanding the Cojnpany. 



388 



PART TWO: Black JIaivk Campaign of 1^. 



The officers of this Company have drawn one ration pr. day. Company have dra 
Eight days Travling rations for their Subsistance to their respective homes, a disla 
of two hundred and fifty miles 



[NS] I CERTIFY, oii hunur, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 16th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 2nd. Reg't 3rd. Brigade by order of Brig 
Genl. Atkinson. 



Hobt. Anderson 



Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



DS, llli. The Recapitulation, which is in- 
complete, and CoUuniis 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 
are omitted here. Columns 4, 5, and 6 show 
that the company was enrolled in U.S. serv- 
ice on June 19 for 90 days and wa.s en- 
titled to pay from the time of enrollment. 
Column 8 lists the names of the thirty-eiKht 
company members who were present at the 
muster-out. The roll above has no explana- 
tion for the absence of Benjamin James, 
who became major of the 2d Regiment and 
w^as mustered out on the staff roll. The 
tenth column, "Inspection Remarks," is 
blank. 



1 In tiie list 
and middle 



of privates the Christian name 
initial are transposed. 



■- Words in brackets 
marks are rei>resen 
original roll. 



the last 
bv "dos" 



3 This 
wlu^re 
order. 



name 
it wa 



■orrectly spelled "Enloe" 
entered in alphabetical 



■1 Cox's residence was given as "Green 
County Illinois" following the first entry of 
his name in alphabetical order. 



Third Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 

Muster Roll of the Field & Staff officers of the 3rd Regiment of the 3rd Brigade 
Mustered in to the Service of the United States under the Command Brigadier Genl 
Atkenson 



Nc 


) Names 


Rank 


Enrollment 
Date of 


Remarks 


1 


Gabriel Jones 


Col. 


21st June 


" 


2 


Sidney Breese 


Lt Col 


26 June 


Furloughd on the 10th July 
for 60 Days 


3 


John. D. Wood 


Majr. 


27th June 




4 


David Baldridge 


Adgt 


27th June 


Left at Fort Defiance Sick 12th 
Augst 1832 


5 


Richard G Murphy 


Qr. M 


25th July 


Left at Fort Crawford on de- 
tached Service 7th Augst 
1832 


6 


Will H Terrill 


Surgeon 


21st June 


Left at Kushkanon on Detached 
Service 10th July 1832 



Martin Doriss 
Maxwell D Peper 
John Hathorn 
Joseph H Orr 



Pay Master 
Surgn Mate 
Sargt Mjr 
Qr M Sgt 



16 July 
21 June 
21st June 
27. July 



John. D. Wood Appointed Adjudent on the 21st. June. Promoted to Majr. on the 
27th June. C N Halsted Appointed Qr Master on the 21st. June & Resigned on the 
25th July. Benjamin Bond Appointed Pay Master on the 21st June Resigned on the 
16th July 

I certify on Honour that the foregoing Muster Roll Exibits the True State of the Field 
and Staff officers of the 3d Regiment 3d Brigade of Illinois ^Mounted Volunteers under 
My Command given under My Hand at Dixons Rock River August 17th 1832. 

Gabriel Jones Col. 3d Regt. 3d Brigade 111. M. V. 

[ANS] I certify, on honor, that I have carefully examined this Muster Roll, and 
that I have this 17th. day of August 1832 Mustered out of the Service of the United 
States, the above Mentioned Officers by order of Brig Genl. Atkinson. 

Robt. Anderson Lt & Asst. Inr. Genl 



ADS, IHi. Three columns omitted from tliis 
transcript give the period of enrollment as 



90 days, list those present at the muster-oiit, 
and name the residence of each staff mem- 



389 



390 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



ber. Absentees were Broese, Baldridge, 
Murphy, and Terrill. 

The "Names Present" column gives the name 
of the paymaster as "Dorriss" and that of 
the sui-geon's mate as "Pepper." Jones, 
Breese, Dorriss, Hathorn, and Orr are said 
to have been from Randolph County; Wood 
and Pepper, from Washington County; Bald- 
ridge and Murphy, from Perry County; and 
Terrill, from Clinton County. 

IHi also has the staff musteringin roll, 
made out by Joshua T. Bradley and signed 
by Adj. Gen. E. C. Berry at the foot of 
the Lower Rapids of Illinois River on June 
21. This roll gives the original staff mem- 
bers, rank, and dates of conmiission as fol- 
lows : 



Gabriel Jones 

Colonel 
Theophilus W. 

Lt. Col. 



June 21, 1832 
June 7, 1832 



Sidney Breeze 








Major 


June 7 


1832 


John D. Wood 








Ajutant 


June 


19 


1832 


Christopher N. Halstead 








Qr. Master 


June 


8 


1832 


Benjamin Bond 








Pay Master 


June 


8 


1832 


William H. Terrill 








Surgeon 


June 


8 


1832 


John Hathorn 








Sergt. Major 


June 


20 


1832 


Maxwell D. Pepper 








Surgeon's Mate 


June 


20 


1832 


Richard G. Murphy 








Qr. M. Sergt. 


June 


20 


1832 



The place of rendezvous is given as Fort 
Wilbourn. The only remark follows the name 
of T. W. Smith, "acting Adjt Genl. to 1st 
2d & 3d Brigades from 25 June 1832." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN 

{Later Williayn Adair's) 



DAVID BALDRIDGE 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain William Adairs Company, Third Regiment, Third Bri- 
gade of Illinois Mounted Volunters called into the service of the United States on 
the requisition of Gen. by the Governor's proclamation, dated 1832. 



No 


NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY 


REMARKS. 




{Privates in Alpha- 










betical order.) 








1 


William Adair 


Captain 


perry 


Elected June 26th. vice David Bald- 
ridge resignd 


1 


Jacob Short 


1 Lt. 


" 


promoted June 19th. from 2d. L 


2 


John Hansford 


2 Lt 




promoted June 19th from the ranks 
lost tent 


1 


William C Murphey 


1 Sergnt 


" 


Wounded and left at prairie duchien 


2 


Anderson Hartley^ 


2 Sergnt 


" 




3 


Murphey Robert B^ 


3rd. Sergnt 


" 


lost tent 


4 


Williams Frederick 


4th. Sergnt 


" 




1 


Cokenhour Abraham 


1st Corporel 


" 


lost horse 


2 


Hammock Benjamin 


2nd Corporal 


" 


Furloughed Angus 8th. lost horse 


3 


Gillehan Robert 


3rd. Corporal 


" 




4 


Hogue Madison M' 


4 Corporal 


" 


Furloughed August 8th. 


1 


Brown James C. 


[Private] 


" 




2 


Brown James S 


" 


" 


Furloughed August 8th. 


3 


Brown payton 


" 


" 




4 


Benson Lewis 


« 


" 




5 


Clark John 


" 


" 


Furloughed August 8th lost horse 


6 


Crane Joel 


" 


" 




7 


Casey Hiram 


u 


" 




8 


Crow Robert 


" 


" 


Furloughed August 8th. 


9 


Earnest Andrew 


" 


" 





Third Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



391 



NAMES. 
(Privates in Alpha- 
betical order.) 



RANK. 



COUNTY. 



REMARKS. 



Ausburn Hawkins^ 
Ford Jesse 
Garner Francis 
Hutchings Eli J 
Huggins James 
Hull Zebdee 
McDowel Thomas J 
Misenhammer peter 
Montague James M 
pitchford Samuel 
petit Jonathan 
Reece Ephraim 
Rice Abner S 
Srance peter^ 
Terry George 
Wilks peter W 
Woodrum Nicholas 
Washburn John 
Wolf Thomas 
Wells Josiah 
Keath Rezin 
Keath Bowen 
pyle Abner 

Discharged 

1 Anderson Berry 

2 Dickson John 

3 Williams Beverly 

4 Anderson Alexander 

5 Wells Joseph 



Dead 
1 Hutch[i]ngs Alexa[n]der 

Resigned 
David Ba[l]drid[g]e 



Furloughed 



left Sick at prairie duchien 
lost horse 



Furloughed August 8th. 



Furloughed 
lost horse 



Anderson Berry Disch June 23 at Wil- 
bur[n] on surgen C 

Dickson John Discharged June 23 at 
Wilbbur[n] on surgeon C. 

Discharged at fort Wilburn June 23rd 
on Surgns Cere. 

Anderson Alexander Discharged Jxily 
15th. at Winnebago on Surgeon Cer 

Dischage July 25th. at Blue Mound 
being wounded on Surgns. Certifi- 
cate 

Dead of his wounds August 3rd. 
receivd August 2d 



Capt 



RECORD OF EVENTS, WHICH MAY BE USEFUL TO BE NOTICED. 

the Said Companey was organized at pinckneyville perry County on the 4th. day of 
June under William Adair Captain & Marched on the 7th was Mustered into Service 
on the 21st. 



I CERTIFY, on honor, that this muster roll exhibits the true state of Capt. William 
AdaLrs Company of Third Reg't Third Brigade, Illinois Volunteers in the service of the 
United States, for the period herein mentioned; that the "Remarks" set opposite the names 



392 



PART TWO : Black Hawk Campaign of 1832 



of each officer and soldier, are accurate and just; avd that the Recapitulation exhibits, 
in every particular, the true state of the Company. 

Wm. Adair Commanding the Company. 

the Said Company has drawn twelve days rations officers single rations 

[NS] I CERTIFY, on hovnr, that I have carefully examined this muster roll, and 
that I have this 17th. day of August 1832, mustered out of the service of the United 
States, the above mentioned Company of the 3rd. Reg't 3rd. Brige. Illinois Volunteers 
by order of Brigr. Genl. Atkinson 

Robt. Anderson Lt. & Asst. Inr. Genl. 



ADS, IHi. The Recapitulation and Columns 

4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 are omitted here. Columns 
4 and 5 state that the company was enrolled 
on June 4 for 90 days. The eighth column 
li.sts those present at the muster-out; ab- 
sentees can be determined from the remarks. 
Two names have spelling variations in the 
eighth column: Pvts. 10 and 30 are listed 
as "Hawkins Ausborn" and "Resin Keath." 
Columns 6 and 10, headed "Pay" and "In- 
spection Remarks," are blank. 

The Recapitulation states that 33 men were 
present at the muster-out, 8 were on fur- 
lough, 2 were absent with leave, 5 had been 
discharged, and one had been killed. 

The roster in Elliott, 67-68, copied from an 
original in DNA, includes one man not on 
the IHi original. He was Pvt. William 
Hutching, "Dead : left sick at Salt River 
June 14." The Elliott roster also says that 
Adair was "Promoted Captain June 26, 
from the ranks." Neither roll indicates who 
the original 1st lieutenant of the company 
was. 

There are several other differences in the 
two rolls. The IHi roll shows that James 

5. Brown, Pvt. 2. was furloughed Aug. 8, 
whereas the Elliott roster shows that James 
C. Brown was the one furloughed. The 
"lost horse" attributed above to Pvt. 28, 
Josiah Wells, is attributed io Abner Pyle 
on the Elliott roster. No remark follo\\'s 
Wells's name in Elliott. Also, Elliott does 
not show that James Hnggins, Pvt. 14, was 
on furlough. Elliott does give Aug. 8 as 
the date of furlough for Thomas Wolf, Pvt. 
28. The information given in Elliott about 
the discharere of Joseph Wells is surely in- 
correct: there he is said to have been dis- 



cliarged at 
Aug. 10." 



'Bhie Mound, being wounded 



Significant spelling variations on the two 
rolls are pointed out in later notes. 

1 rnfortunately. all of the names preceding 
this one are given in their natural order 
and all of the names following have been 
transposed so that the last names are given 
first. Which group this name belongs with 
has not been conclusively determined. No 
contemporary record of either a Barfley 
Anderson or an Anderson Bartlev has been 
found in I-A. However, since Berry Ander- 
son, also a member of this company, had a 
son named Bartlev C. Anderson, it seems 
not iinreasonable to asume that the son was 
a namesake of a relative of his father's. 
See Randolph. Monroe, and Perry Counties 
nS83), 3.51. 

2 Elliott. 67, gives this man's name as "Al- 
bprt B. Murphy." 

3 Elliott, 67. gives this name as "James M. 

Hngup." 

4 Elliott, 68, gives this name as "Hawkins, 
Ausborn." Hawkins S. Osbnrn, or Ozburn, 
was an early settler of Perrv Countv and at 
one time a state representative. Although 
available biographical information does not 
mention that he served in the Black Hawk 
War, it seems likely that he was the "Haw- 
kins Ausburn" of Adair's company. See 
FandoJph, Monroe, and Perrij Countie.i 
(1883), 178, 338, 345. 

^ Elliott, 68. gives this name as "France." 
On the IHi roll the first letter of the sur- 
name is Adair's very distinctive "S," clearly 
different from his "F's" and "T's." 



COMPANY OF CAPTAIN ANDREW BANKSON 



MUSTER ROLL of Captain Andrew Bankson's Company, Third Regiment, Third 
Brigade of Mounted Volunteers called into the service of the United States on the 
requisition of Gen. Henry Atkinson by the Governor's proclamation, dated lo" May 
1832. 



Third Regiment, Third Brigade, Third Army 



393 



No} NAMES. 


RANK. 


COUNTY. REMARKS. 


(Privates in Alpha- 










betical order.) 










1 Andrew Bankson 


Captain 


Clinton 


absent with leave from Gen. Atkinson from 










24 July 


2 Godfrey Ammons 


1' 


Lieut 


Do. 


Commanding the Company 


3 James J. Justice 


2d 


. do. 


" 




1 Henry L. Roper 


1' 


Sergt. 


« 


horse lost 13 July & another bought 


2 Elisha Phelps 


2d 


Do. 


" 




3 Allen Burton 


3d 


" 


" 


Dis. on Surgn. Certf 21 July 


4 Reuben T. Hawkins 


4" 


" 


" 




1 Ephraim Phelps 


1" 


Corpl. 


« 




2 John Carter 


2d 


. Do. 


" 


Dis. on Surgn Certf. 21. July horse lost 


3 Meredith T. Nichols 


3d 


" 


" 


Furloughd. 12"Augt. horses & Equipages all 
Do. Do. lost for[c]e march 


4 John T. Donaldson 


4" 


" 


" 


1 Baker William 


Private 


" 


Do. Do. Do. 


2 Barcus John 




« 


« 




3 Bankson James 




" 


« 


absent with leave 24" Jule horse lost 


4 Blevins Elijah'' 




« 


« 


left Co. on 21" June Ft. Wilbourn 


4 Bradley Joshua T. 




" 


" 


lost horse 13" July & bought another 


5 Briggs Andrew 




" 


" 




6 Coles Lewis 




" 


" 




7 Dunn Jesse 




" 


" 




8 Edmund Levi 




" 


" 




9 Ellis Joel 




" 


" 




10