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Compiled and edited by 

Lenox Place, Cincinnati, Ohio 


The Ebbert & Richardson Co. 


Part l. 


Part 2. 

Historical Appendix. 

PART 3. 





Chapter One 3-6 

Blaine Ancestry; James Blaine; the Galbraiths; the Lyons; settled 
and remained in Pennsylvania. 

Chapter Two 7-12 

Ephraim Blaine's Education; Appointment to an Ensigncy in the 
Provincial Service; Commander of Fort Ligonier, Pennsylvania; 
Letters; Resignation. 

Chapter Three 13-19 

Ephraim Blaine Marries Rebecca Galbraith; the Galbraiths of 
Donegal; Scotch-Irish. Donegal Church. John Lyon, John Arm- 
strong and His Sister, Margaret. John Armstrong Public Services. 
Samuel Lyon Public Services; Marries Eleanor, Ephraim Blaine's 

Chapter Four 20-24 

Ephraim Blaine Elected Sheriff; Owner of Grist and Saw Mills; 
Lieutenant in BattaUon of Associators, Member of Committee of 
Observation; Special Commissioner to Treat with Indians; 
Appointed by Congress to Purchase Quartermaster and Com- 
missary Supplies; Colonel 1st Battalion Cumberland County 

Chapter Five 25-31 

Ephraim Blaine again Appointed to Purchase Quartermaster and 
Commissary Supplies; Resigns as Colonel of Militia ; The Execu- 
tive Council tenders Him Appointment as Lieutenant of Cumber- 
land County which is Declined; Elected by Congress Deputy 
Commissary General of Purchases; Services in Commissary De- 
partment; Elected by Congress Commissary General of Purchases; 
Monies Disbursed. 

Chapter Six 32-38 

Ephraim Blaine, Commissary General of Purchases; Letters; 
Aided in His Work by His Brothers William and Alexander and 
His Brother-in-Law Samuel Lyon; Remained in Service to the 
Close of the War. Record of Public Services of Ephraim Blaine 
and Authorities. 

Chapter Seven 30-43 

Ephraim Blaine resumes Private Business; Fortune Impaired by 
War; Makes Philadelphia His Winter Home; Forms Business 
Connection with William Bell; Visits Kentucky to Enter Lands in 
Partnership and on Their Individual Accounts; Partial List of 
Lands Entered; Makes a Later Visit; Meets Dr. Saugrain, an Early 
Kentucky Explorer and with Him Travels through the State. 


Chapter Eight 44-49 

James Blaine sent to Europe for Special Professional Training; 
Bearer to this Country of Jays Treaty; Appointed by Governor 
McKean Captain of the First Troop of Light Horse Militia of 
Pennsylvania; Appointed by President John Adams Captain in 
United States Infantry; Marries Jane Hoge, who died within a 
year. Robert Blaine Marries Susanna Metzger. Ephraim Blaine 
Purchases Middlesex Estate. Whiskey Insurrection. President 
Washington Entertained by Colonel Blaine in His Carlisle Home. 
Dinner Party at George Metzger's. 

Chapter Nine 50-54 

James Blaine Marries (a second time) His Cousin Margaret 
Lyon. Death of Colonel Blaine's Wife, Rebecca Galbraith, 
and of General John Armstrong. Colonel Blaine Presents each of His 
Sons with Handsome Homes in Carlisle; Marries (a second time) 
Sarah Elizabeth Postlethwaite Duncan. Will of Colonel Blaine. 
Tragic Death of Ephraim Blaine, Jr. Death of Colonel Ephraim 
Blaine, February 18, 1804. His Sons James and Robert as 
Executor's Present Claims to Congress for Monies Due their 
Father for Salary and for Money Advanced by Him. Robert 
Blaine remains in Carlisle. 

Chapter Ten 55-60 

James Blaine Moves with His Family to Western Pennsylvania. 
Samuel Lyon Blaine Marries Anna Coons and Establishes His Home 
in Kentucky. Marriage of Ephraim Lyon Blaine and Maria Gil- 
lespie, Parents of James Gillespie Blaine. Marriage of Eleanor 
Blaine and John Hoge Ewing. David Hoge lays out Town of 
Washington, Pennsylvania. James Blaine Spends His Last Days in 
Washington, Pennsylvania. 


Appendix 61-76 

"Colonel Ephraim Blaine — Interesting Reminiscences," pub- 
lished in the "Washington Examiner," Washington, Pennsylvania, 
September 2, 1858 

Extracts from "Fragments of Family and Contemporary His- 
tory, gathered by Rev. Thomas Hastings Robinson, D. D.," and 
published in 1867. 

Extracts from "Carlisle, Old and New," published by the Civic 
Club of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. 

Extracts from the "History of Cumberland County, Pennsyl- 
vania," by Rev. Conway F. King, D. D. 

Genealogy and Index of Names 77-109 


IN PREPARING this narrative of James Blaine, and more 
particularly of his son, Colonel Ephraim Blaine, I have car- 
ried out a long-cherished desire to bring together in concise and 
permanent form, fragments of family history, gathered from 
many sources. 

The pioneer days of the family in America are very accur- 
ately described in Gail Hamilton's life of James G. Blaine, 
from which, through the courtesy of Funk & Wagnalls Com- 
pany, publishers, I have drawn freely. In addition, it has been 
my pleasure to make a diligent search of public records, to con- 
sult authorities and to seek information through personal inter- 
views and through correspondence with the older living mem- 
bers of the family, several of whom have but recently passed 
away. The results of these efforts have been written into the 
narrative. That it is brief, that it is incomplete, must always 
be a matter of regret. Our ancestors, many of them at least, 
were careless or indifferent about preserving the records and 
memorials of their families, and of the incidents of their daily 
lives. Perhaps their vision was not broad enough to reach into 
the distant future and picture the interest with which coming 
generations would turn to them as the pioneers of the glorious 
America of today. Their interest was in their own time, in 
the strenuous life and daily duties that brought them prosperity 
and happiness and peace, in training their children for usefulness 
and service, and in worshipping God in a freedom of spirit they 
had not known in the land from whence they came. 

The passing years have scattered the family far and wide; 
many have disappeared in the mists of time, and with them, 
no doubt, have been lost documents and manuscripts that we 
would count of great value. A disastrous and irreparable loss, 
was the almost criminal destruction of Ephraim Blaine's public 
documents, manuscripts and private papers stored, after his 

death, in the house of his son Robert. The servants found 
them convenient for lighting the fires in the great mansion, and 
empty barrels and boxes were the mute witnesses of the havoc 
that had been wrought. 

In addition to my acknowledgments to The Funk & Wag- 
nails Publishing Co., I wish to return my thanks to the publish- 
ers for kindly granted permission to use selections from "Car- 
lisle Old and New," published by the Civic Club of Carlisle, 
and "The Presbyterian Encyclopedia," published by The Pres- 
byterian Publishing Company, Philadelphia. 

My acknowledgment is also made to the publishers (my 
letters to whom, were returned to me unopened) for selections 
used from "Egles History of Pennsylvania," Dewitt C. Good- 
rich & Company, Publishers, and from the "History of Cumber- 
land County, Pennsylvania," Mr. James S. Scott, Publisher. 

This narrative contains but little perhaps, of value or inter- 
est to the stranger; it covers, however, a brief history of a family 
distinguished for its patriotic services during Colonial and Revo- 
lutionary days to whom historians have done scant justice; 
it has its value to the patriotic and loyal descendants of James 
Blaine, and Ephraim Blaine, his son, and to them it is dedicated. 


FROM a muster roll in "ye province of Ulster" made in 1630, 
and preserved in the British Museum, and from a list of 
persons who paid the Hearth or Chimney tax (1665) in the 
Parish of Raphoe, County of Donegal, Ireland, preserved in 
the Public Record Office, Dublin, the following names are taken : 

Patrick Blaine of Aghenkrage, Thomas Blaine, 
John Galbreath, Alexander Galbreath, Andrew 
Galbreath, Martin Galbreath, Thomas Galbreath, 
Dunken Lyone, John Lyone, Robert Lyone, Wil- 
liam Lyone. 

These families were all represented in the great Scotch- Irish 
migration to America, that began in 1718 and continued un- 
abated for forty years or more, and it is with these we have to do. 
Arriving in America at different periods, and choosing their 
homes in Pennsylvania, in the beautiful and picturesque Cum- 
berland Valley and the Valley of the Juniata, they shared their 
trials as neighbors in the pioneer da3'-s, and within a few years 
the Blaines, the Galbraiths, and the Lyons were drawn nearer 
together, and became more closely related through marriages, 
of which more particular mention will be made later. 

The conditions in northern Ireland at the time the migration 
of the Scotch-Irish began, are matters of history, too well 
known and too extended to be repeated in this brief narrative. 
Fines, forfeitures and imprisonments, estates confiscated, taxes 
increased, factories closed, rents on lands leased from the crown 
increased to an extent that reduced many to poverty, intolerable 
religious persecutions, the Presbyterian ministers, among others, 
being prohibited under severe pains and penalties from preach- 
ing, baptizing or in any way ministering to their people — these 
were but a few of the grievances of a people described by Mr. 
Froude, as "of the same metal with those who came over in the 
Mayflower — Presbyterians, Independents, Puritans, in search 
of a wider breathing space than was allowed them at home." 


Dean Swift in referring to the existing conditions in Northern 
Ireland, wrote in 1720, "whoever travels this country and ob- 
serves the face of Nature, or the faces and habits and dwellings 
of the natives, will hardly think himself in a land where law, 
religion or common humanity is professed." 

Ireland was not the home land of the Blaines, the Galbraiths, 
the Lyons — they were all of Scotch ancestry, and in Ireland 
they resented the intolerable conditions they were powerless to 
remedy. Their manhood rebelled at injustice and oppression. 
They refused to submit to indignities that were borne by the 
native born Irish Catholics. So it is not strange that news of 
the great free and beautiful land across the sea filled their hearts 
with longing and desire, and that the stories of its charms and 
its possibilities for themselves and their children proved an 
attraction they could not resist. 

James Blaine in his sturdy young Protestant manhood, 
putting behind him the history and traditions of the past, bade 
farewell to family and friends, and with his wife Isabella, and 
four year old son Ephraim, came over the sea from London- 
derry, and in the year 1745 found a home in the Donegal of 
the New World. 

Donegal, Pennsylvania, claims him, and to Donegal he 
must have come first, for in the year 1767 Temple Thompson, 
of Donegal, died, leaving two hundred acres of land and other 
property to three minor children, of whom he appointed James 
Blaine guardian; indicating that he had tarried in Donegal and 
was probably a relative of the family. James Blaine at any 
rate took charge of the children and educated them, fulfilling 
the trust of the dying father. Subsequently he made his home 
in Toboyne Township, where he took up a large tract of land 
on the south side of the blue Juniata, extending his interests in 
many directions. He lived long and prospered. Tradition 
locates one of his homes in Philadelphia, though he may have 
shared it with his eldest son. An old-fashioned two-story brick 
house on the north side of Arch, in the neighborhood of Fourth 
or Fifth Street, was many years ago pointed out as the Blaine 
house. In Carlisle also, where his son Ephraim had established 
his home, he spent time enough to make warm friendships, to ma- 


ture the slow-growing plant, confidence, and to lend his Scotch- 
Presbyterian sympathy and assistance in building the old stone 
church, which, with improvements and enlargements, still 
stands on the public square in Carlisle. It was in this building 
two years before the Declaration of Independence, that the 
influential men of Cumberland County met and appointed a 
Committee, of which his son Ephraim was chosen a member, 
"to co-operate in every proper measure conducing to the general 
welfare of British America." 

But in Toboyne Township, then on the frontier, he made 
his abiding place and there he assumed a leading part in the 
afifairs of the province, so long as it continued a province. He 
later took an active interest in the State when it became a 
State, and in the Nation when a Nation was born. 

While Pennsylvania was still English, and the French were 
putting the Indians on their track of blood and fire and torture 
that they might gain control of the New World, James Blaine, 
for all his Scotch-Irish blood, was sturdily on the English side, 
though in the stubborn and brutal Braddock he saw repeated 
in the wilderness the same British poHcy which had driven him 
from the Donegal of the Old World to the wilderness of the 
New. Just as sturdily, when Pennsylvania would throw off 
her foreign ties and become American, James Blaine gave all 
the wisdom and sympathy of his declining years, as well as the 
sons of his strength, to the struggle for independence, nor laid 
down the torch of life till he had seen that struggle end in victory. 

As his family grew to maturity each took up a tract of land 
around him on the sunny side of the same Juniata. As late as 
March 24, 1777, a deed from James Blaine and Isabella Blaine, 
his wife, residents of Toboyne Township, Cumberland County, 
conveys to William Blaine, one of their sons, four hundred 
acres in Toboyne. 

So they took root and extended themselves in the new 
country, carrying with them wherever they went, and upbuild- 
ing wherever they stopped, the church and the school. They 
lived at peace with all the world, so long as the world would 
ordain the things that make for peace, but desiring peace only 
under liberty. 


Successful in all his business activities, happy in his domestic 
relations, the father of nine children who survived him, the 
first recorded grief of James Blaine was the death of his wife 
Isabella — a loss in some degree repaired by his subsequent mar- 
riage with Elizabeth Carskaden, daughter of George Carskaden, 
of Toboyne, his friend and neighbor. The second marriage did 
not, apparently, disturb the family harmony, for by will his 
executors were "my beloved son Ephraim and my beloved wife 
Elizabeth." Their honorable exactitude appears in an inventory 
which shows accounts of debit and credit, carefully estimated 
and duly balanced, to the smallest detail. 

In 1792 James Blaine passed away from earth well stricken 
in years. He had lived through the storm and stress of Indian 
and civil war, supporting his sons with his patriotism, and rejoic- 
ing with them in the triumph of the cause of liberty which 
each upheld with all his strength, the one giving to it the bless- 
ing and approval of his patriarchal years, the others their 
courage and power. He had lived to see that his experiment 
of a change of home had not been a mistake. The petty re- 
strictions of the British Government and the consequent exas- 
perations and hardships of life in Ireland had driven him from 
that country, and he had come into a land where freedom was 
limited only by the laws which he and his compeers in their 
wisdom had made, and where possessions were made commen- 
surate with ability of brain, skill of hand and quality of honor. 

With the exception of one who had gone before him, he had 
been able to rear his children in comfort, to intelligence and self- 
respect, and was permitted to see them clothed in the sovereign 
power of self-governing citizens and held in esteem by the repub- 
lic which they had served. Surely he could wrap the drapery 
of his couch about him and with complete satisfaction lie down, 
not to pleasant dreams, for "dreams were no part of the faith 
of the Scotch-Presbyterians. Their creed was of no such stuff 
as dreams are made of. They died under contract with God, 
in full expectation that He would and moral demand that He 
should, grant them immortal life in Jesus Christ our Lord." 


OF JAMES BLAINE'S nine children, Ephraim, the little 
Irishman, was the eldest. He received a classical educa- 
tion at the school of Rev. Dr. Allison, an institution of learning 
famous in its time. No better proof is needed of the principle 
that it is the teacher, and not boards, buildings, or machinery, 
that accomplishes education, than the number of distinguished 
men of that day whose biography records their education by 
Rev. Dr. Allison. There was a commanding reason why the 
young gentleman from North Ireland should be sent to Dr. 
Allison's school, which was, that this noted educator himself 
had come from the Irish Donegal, and had settled in Toboyne 
township, neighboring the Blaine home. He was, moreover, 
pronounced the greatest classical scholar in America, especially 
in Greek, and "a great literary character." In addition to the 
honors accorded him in his American home, he had the distinc- 
tion of being the first of his presbytery to receive the honorary 
degree of D. D. from the University of Glasgow. 

When young Ephraim left the patriotic and stimulating 
training of this school, he went armed with a recommendation 
from Dr. Allison for an ensigncy in the provincial service and 
endorsed as "a young gentleman of good family." Nearly all 
his short life had been passed within sound of the rifle shot, and 
it is not strange that he should have turned to military service. 
Dr. Allison's recommendation was honored, and young Blaine 
was appointed commissary sergeant. Then began the appren- 
ticeship which fitted him for valuable services to his country in 
the struggle for independence. The wars between the Pro- 
vincials and the Indians were relentless, and with many varying 
fortunes were steadily tending towards Indian subjugation and 
provincial supremacy. But the struggle was bitter and long. 
Dr. McGill has said, "The rich and beautiful Cumberland Val- 
ley became the bloodiest battle-ground we have ever had since 
the beginning of our American civilization. There the Scotch- 
Irish Presbyterians had been suffered to pour their stream of 


immigration, in order that they might stand guardsmen for the 
Nation through nearly the whole of a century." 

The conflict which opened in 1753 and in which our ancestry 
shared so largely was part and parcel of a grand struggle in 
which the Indian was but an ally. 

France was at this time, in possession of Canada and France 
and England became rival claimants to the soil of America. 

Hostilities between these two powers were openly declared 
in 1754; the peaceful era of Pennsylvania was at an end, and the 
dark clouds of savage warfare were gathering. Little did the 
peaceful inhabitants of these beautiful valleys dream of the 
immensity and the horror of the conflict that was impending. 

Two of the great nations of Europe entering a deadly con- 
flict in lands thousands of miles from their own countries; the 
prize, a continent with natural resources second to none upon 
earth; the sublime arena, the wonderful valleys, the majestic 
mountains and the endless and practically unexplored forests 
of a new world. 

Surely the days were dark and ominous. The conflict 
between these two great nations, one supported by our fore- 
fathers, the other supported by the native Indians, raged on 
American soil for ten long years, years of blackness, almost 
despair to our forebears, and the horrors and ravages of which 
can never be fully known. Indian warriors estimated that in 
the first years of the war they killed fifty whites for one Indian 
that was killed and in after years when the whites better under- 
stood their modes of warfare, they still killed ten whites for each 
Indian that was slain. This great disparity existed no doubt, 
because of the massacre by the Indians of helpless and unpro- 
tected women and children. 

It was in the midst of these exciting and desperate times 
that Ephraim Blaine received his appointment to an ensigncy 
in His Majesty's Service, (corresponding to a Lieutenancy in 
the present day). 

In 1758 Lieutenant Blaine was assigned to duty at Fort 
Ligonier, Pennsylvania, later becoming commander of the Post. 
Here he remained, fighting the Indians and protecting the fron- 
tier until late in the year 1763. The story of his service is par- 


tially told in the following extracts from the history of that 
period, and in his personal letters: July 7, 1759, Col. Stephen 
reports to Gen. Stanwix: 

"Yesterday about one o'clock, the scouts and hunters 
returned to camp and reported that they had not seen the least 
sign of the enemy about, upon which, in compliance with Major 
Tulliken's request, I sent Lieut. Blaine with R. Americans to 
Bedford. About three-quarters of an hour after the detach- 
ment had marched, the enemy made an attempt to surprise the 
post. * * * At first I imagined the enemy only intended 
to amuse the garrison while they were engaging with Lieut. 
Blaine's party." 

In the latter part of May, 1763, Captain Ecuyer wrote to 
Col. Boquet from Pittsburg, that he believed the Indian affair 
from the evidence around him was general, and he trembled for 
the outposts. Fort Ligonier was then commanded by Lieut. 
Blaine of the Royal American Regiment. 

The record states that Blaine had been at this post for a 
number of years. When his affairs were at the worst, nothing 
was heard from him for long periods, as all his messengers were 

He writes June 4, 1763, "Thursday last my garrison was 
attacked by a body of Indians, about five in the morning, but 
as they only fired on us from the skirts of the woods, I contented 
myself with giving them three cheers, without spending a single 
shot upon them. As they continued their popping upon the 
side next the town, I sent the Sergeant of the Royal Americans 
with a proper detachment to fire the houses, which effectually 
disappointed them in their plans." 

June 17th he writes to General Boquet: "I hope to see 
yourself and live in daily hopes of a reinforcement. * * * ♦ 
I believe the communication between Fort Pitt and this is en- 
tirely cut off, having heard nothing from there since May 30th, 
though two expresses have gone from Bedford by this post." 

June 20th he explains that he has not been able to report 
for some time, the roads having been completely closed by the 
enemy. On the 21st he reports: "The Indians made a second 
attempt in a very serious manner for near two hours, but with 


the like success of the first. They began with attempting to 
cut off the retreat of a small party of fifteen men, who from 
their impatience to come at four Indians who showed themselves, 
in a great measure forced me to let them out. In the evening 
I think above a hundred lay in ambush beside the creek about 
four hundred yards from the Fort, and just as the party was 
returning pretty near where they lay, they rushed out when 
they undoubtedly would have succeeded, had it not been for a 
deep morass which intervened. Immediately after, they began 
their attack and I dare say they fired upward of one thousand 
shot. Nobody received any damage. So far my good fortune 
in danger still attends me." 

The following letter was written by Wm. Plunket to Col. 
Shippen, Jr., June 20, 1763, (Pennsylvania Provincial Council, 
Vol. IV, p. 109): 

"Mr. Blaine commanding at Legonier has not had a scrap 
from Pittsburg, nor even any verbal intelligence since the second 
express, which went from there to Philadelphia, the third express 
taking the road by Fort Cumberland; that circumstance with 
the loss of a man at Legonier who going out on the 14th instant 
to bring his horse was picked up, (so termed) near that place 
giving Mr. Blaine, with many others reason to conjecture that 
Pittsburg is infested and the communication cut off." 

By some means Blaine got word through to Captain Ourry 
of the fall of Presque Isle and the two other forts, for Gen'l. 
Boquet reports to Gen'l. Amherst, July 3d, the news which he 
had received from Capt. Ourry, who had received it from Blaine. 
Knowing the straits in which Lieut. Blaine and his men were, 
and having fears that they could not hold out without relief, 
Capt. Ourry sent out from Bedford a party of twenty volunteers, 
all good woodsmen, who reached Ligonier safely. While 
Boquet lay at Carlisle and the tidings were more and more 
gloomy, his anxieties centered on Fort Ligonier. If that post 
had fallen, his force would probably have been unable to pro- 
ceed, and his would have been the fate of Braddock. In the 
words of the authentic narrative of Gen'l. Boquet, "The fort 
was in the greatest danger of falling into the hands of the enemy 
before the Army could reach it, the stockade being very bad 


and the garrison extremely weak, they had attacked it vigorous- 
ly, but had been repulsed by the bravery. and good conduct of 
Lieut. Blaine." 

For an object of such importance every risk was to be run. 
Thirty of the best "Highlanders" were chosen, furnished with 
guides and ordered to push forward with the utmost speed. 
The attempt succeeded, they were not discovered by the enemy 
until they came in sight of the fort, which was beset by the 
savages. They received a volley as they made for the gate, 
but entered safely to the unspeakable relief of Blaine and his 
beleagured men. 

The condition of those at Fort Ligonier during those last 
days must have been miserable in the extreme; cooped up in 
the fort and blockaded for several weeks, they could neither 
hear from the outside world, nor could they convey any infor- 
mation. We can then well imagine that it was with great joy 
they caught the first glimpse of the "red coats" emerging out 
of the laurel bushes as they appeared coming down the slopes 
from the base of the Laurel hills. The troops who had garri- 
soned this post during this terrible time had, for the most part, 
come out with Forbes in 1758. To them life was becoming a 
burden; they were all tired of this service, and we read with 
marked interest the series of complaints with which the com- 
manding officers at these posts worried the ears of Col. Boquet. 
August 5th, Lieut. Blaine, after congratulating Col. Boquet on 
his recent victory at Bushy Run, adds: "I have now to beg 
that I may not be left any longer in this forlorn way for I can 
assure you the fatigue I have gone through begins to get the bet- 
ter of me. I must, therefore, beg that you will appoint me by 
the return of the convoy a proper garrison. * * * * My pres- 
ent situation is fifty times worse than ever." And again on the 
17th of September: "I must beg leave to recommend to your 
particular attention the sick soldiers here, as there is neither 
surgeon nor medicine, it would really be charity to order them 
up. I must also beg leave to ask what you intend to do with 
the poor starved militia, who have neither shirts, shoes, 
nor anything else. I am sorry you can do nothing for the poor 
inhabitants. * * * * j really get heartily tired of this 


post." He endured it two months longer and then breaks out 
again on the 24th of November: "I intend going home by the 
first opportunity, being pretty much tired by the service that's 
so little worth any man's time, and the more so, as I cannot 
but think that I have been so particularly unlucky in it." 


AFTER resigning from the army in December, 1763, Lieu- 
tenant Blaine made his home in Carlisle and in June, 1764, 
purchased a house and lot, described in the plat of the town as 
lot No. 199. In the deed to this property, the residence of both 
grantor and grantee is given as Carlisle. The purchase of this 
property by him at the early age of twenty-three, was followed 
through a busy life, by purchases of other town lots and farming 
lands, until his possessions established him as one of the largest 
land owners of his day. 

June 26, 1765, he married Rebecca Galbraith, daughter of 
Robert Galbraith, and step-daughter of Major John Byers, 
whose home was on the Alexander Springs Road near Carlisle. 
Rebecca Galbraith was born in Donegal Township, where 
Ephraim Blaine's father first settled and which township was 
largely settled by Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. The sterling 
character of these settlers and the prominence of the family of 
Ephraim Blaine's wife, Rebecca Galbraith, deserves more than 
passing notice. To quote from Egle's History of Pennsylvania: 

"Many of them, (the Scotch-Irish) occupied prominent posi- 
tions in Colonial times and the records of the Revolutionary 
War and that of 1812, fully established their claim to the purest 
patriotism and love of country. Whatever is said to their 
credit, equally applies to the Scotch-Irish who settled in the 
southeastern section of the county and the back settlements 
beyond Donegal. Of those who first settled in the township 
and were there at the time of the organization of the county 
and were brought into public notice, the Galbraiths deserve the 
first attention. The father, John Galbraith, having died in 
Ireland, the sons John and James, and their families, came to 
America from Queenstown with William Penn about 1718. 
They belonged to a family of the remotest antiquity. Its name 
is derived from the Celtic, and it originally belonged to the 
Lenox of Scotland. It was in the parish of Badenock chiefs of 
the name had their residence. The Galbraiths of the Isle of 


Ghiga descended from those of Badenock, having fled there with 
Lord James Stewart, youngest son of Murdoch, Duke of Al- 
bany, from the Lenox, after burning Dumbarton, in the reign 
of James I of Scotland. They continued to hold that island 
until 1500. There is now a small island in Scotland called 
Inch (Island) Galbraith, and upon it are many ruins of castles 
and villages, the strongholds built by the clan when war was 
the rule." 

Of the brothers, John Galbraith tarried in Philadelphia, 
while James, the great-grandfather of Rebecca, with his family, 
sought the fertile fields that lay beyond. Finding the hills and 
valleys of Conestoga beautiful to the eye, and well- watered and 
fertile, there he chose to remain. James Galbraith, (b. 1666, 
d. 1744,) was a man in the full maturity of life, strong and re- 
sourceful. The wilderness had no terrors for him, and he at 
once proceeded to build a house and establish his home. His 
sons, John, aged twenty-eight, and Andrew, aged twenty-six, 
settled on lands near-by, while James, Jr., aged fifteen, and his 
sisters, remained in the father's house. In this vast, rich, 
strange land the family clung together, and having provided 
shelter for themselves, without delay they proceeded to organ- 
ize a church. No church had as yet been established in the 
community. The obstacles to be overcome were great but the 
will was there and the faith of the Fathers was with the father 
and sons. An appeal was made, willing hands lent assistance 
and in less than two years a building was erected and Donegal 
Presbyterian Church, with Andrew Galbraith as its first ruling 
elder, became the center of the social and religious activities of 
the rapidly increasing Scotch-Irish population. For nearly 
two hundred years, this little church of the wilderness has served 
the purposes for which it was built. Its history is treasured by 
the great church of which it is a part, and Donegal Church still 
stands as a monument to its founders, to whose descendants 
the following description taken from the Presbyterian Encyclo- 
pedia will be of interest : 

"Of the several Scotch-Irish settlements in America, in the 
latter part of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eigh- 
teenth centuries, the one in Donegal Township, Lancaster 




County, Pa., is the most notable. It became the nursery of 
Presbyterianism in Middle, Western and Southwestern Penn- 
sylvania, Virginia and North Carolina. Donegal Church was 
organized in 1719 or very early in 1720. Andrew Galbraith, 
Esq., son of James Galbraith, who came to America with Wil- 
liam Penn, from Queenstown, upon his second visit (and whose 
remains are buried at Derry Graveyard) settled upon land 
adjoining Donegal Church on the south, in 1718, for which he 
received a patent from the Penns in 1736, for two hundred and 
twelve acres. He was the first ruling elder of this church and 
to him belongs the credit of organizing the congregation, and 
the selection of one of the most admirable and attractive sites 
for a church edifice within the broad limits of the state. The 
first meeting-house was erected with logs, and stood a few yards 
south of the present structure. After it had been used for a 
dozen years, the present edifice was erected. Loose stones were 
collected from the surface of the ground in the surrounding 
woods, with which the walls were built. There was no effort 
made by the masons to dress the stone; they were simply laid 
in mortar, to a line. The edges were craggy and rough. And 
there were no stones in the building that one man could not 
handle conveniently. The walls were plastered on the inside 
but the outside was left in its rough state until the remodeling 
of the house in 1850. The front of the building was on the south 
side facing the graveyard, with a double doorway, the only 
entrance into the house. The door frame and windows had a 
circular head. The pulpit stood against the northern side and 
immediately opposite the doorway. A broad aisle led from the 
door to another one running lengthwise of the building in front 
of the pulpit. For some years after the church was built, the 
floors of the aisles were composed of earth; no stoves were ad- 
mitted ; an innovation of that kind was considered incompatible 
with the worship of a true Christian; gradually, however, two 
large stoves cast at Cornwall were introduced, and the aisles 
paved with brick. 

Of course there was no paint upon any of the woodwork. 
Thus the building stood until 1772, when it was remodeled." 


James Galbraith and his sons, rejoiced in the freedom of the 
new world. The sons stood by their father in noble character, 
patriotic service, and public record. Their lives were peaceful, 
and contented. Their influence in the community strong and 
vigorous. The father and sons were repeatedly elected to 
positions of honor and trust, and before the father's death, the 
family had become known in America as it had been known in 
the land from which they came, "The Galbraiths of Donegal." 

John Galbraith, son of James, (born in Ireland 1690, died 
1754,) established his home on Donegal Meeting House Run, 
on lands adjoining his brother Andrew and near by his father's. 
In 1721 he erected a saw and grist mill on his land, and being on 
the highway, or Indian trail of that day, leading to the Chic- 
quesalunga, neighbors gathered about him, attracted by the 
convenience of the mills, and the pleasant meadows and wood- 
lands. Here John Galbraith bore himself steadfastly for law 
and order. 

He was a member of the first Grand Jury drawn in Lancaster 
County (Ellis' History of Lancaster County, Pa., page 267); 
was elected and served as Sheriff of Lancaster County in 1730-32 
(Pennsylvania Provincial Archives, Vol. 3, pp. 387-416); and 
was Captain in the Associators Regiment of the west end of 
Lancaster County on the Susquehanna 1747-1748, (Pa. Ar- 
chives, 2d Series, Vol. II, page 437). The little son, Robert, 
whom he had brought with him from England, found a wife in 

Rebecca After a few years, a great sorrow came 

to John Galbraith, in the death of this loved son in his young 
manhood. In addition to his widow, Robert left two children, 
John and Rebecca. By will he left his little son John a sacred 
charge to his father, and afterwards the young widow, by her 
own will, became with her little daughter, Rebecca, a sacred 
charge to her prosperous young neighbor, Captain John Byers, 
who was an officer in the French and Indian wars, a man of 
prominence and large influence in provincial days and a son of 
David Byers of Donegal. This marriage scarcely brought 
separation from her family, for his broad smiling acres lay close 
by, and all the orchards and meadows were broad and pleasant 
— a delectable home for the two grandchildren of John Gal- 


braith. The broad stone house thrown open to them, was 
ample and comfortable, and in this home with its wide dooryard 
filled with the bloom of flowers, and the cool shade of lofty trees 
inviting to quiet and hospitality, the children, John and Re- 
becca, spent the sunny days of their childhood. Subsequently 
Captain John Byers, with his family, removed to an estate on 
Alexander Springs Lane, near Carlisle, in Cumberland County. 

It was here that Ephraim Blaine wooed and won his bride. 
After his marriage he is supposed to have lived on the lot on 
East Main Street in Carlisle, now owned by the First Lutheran 
Church. Intimate friends and family connections surrounded 
him. On the corner opposite lived General John Armstrong, 
who had married in Ireland Rebecca Lyon, sister of John Lyon. 
Below, where the Barnits property now is, lived John Lyon, 
who had married in Ireland Margaret Armstrong, sister of John 
Armstrong. All of these were destined to play a prominent 
part in the early history of the country. John Armstong ar- 
rived in America in 1748, and at once took an active part in 
public affairs, especially in the military affairs of his new coun- 
try. His first great accomplishment was, when in 1756, at the 
head of about three hundred farmer soldiers, he routed the In- 
dians from their Kittanning stronghold, destroyed their town, 
released eleven English prisoners and secured, at least, tempo- 
rary peace and security for the settlers. The corporation of 
Philadelphia, on account of this victory, on the fifth of January 
following, addressed a complimentary letter to Colonel Arm- 
strong, thanking him and his officers for their gallant conduct 
and presenting him with a piece of plate. When the Indians 
again became troublesome. Colonel Armstrong took part in the 
expedition led b}?^ General Forbes against Fort Duquesne, and 
when the French taking alarm fired the fort and fled, with his 
own hands, he raised the British flag over the ruins. 

Leaving an active and successful business life, John Arm- 
strong responded to the call of the Bell that sent echoing round 
the world the proclamation of American Independence. He 
entered into the struggle with the fire and enthusiasm of a born 
soldier and his record in the trying and responsible position of 
Brigadier General and Major General in the Revolutionary 


War, form one of the bright pages in American history. For 
nearly fifty years and until the time of his death, March 6, 1795, 
General Armstrong made his home in the town of Carlisle. 
He held many positions of honor and trust, and was elected a 
member of the Continental Congress 1778-1780, and again 

The esteem in which he was held is expressed in the following 
extract from "Carlisle, Old and New": "A Colonel in the 
French and Indian War, in which he won lasting fame at Kittan- 
ning ; a General in the Revolutionary War ; a Councillor in times 
of peace, whose practical wisdom was sought by the authorities 
of State and Nation ; the trusted friend of General Washington ; 
and a man 'living habitually in the fear of the Lord, though 
fearing not the face of man,' General Armstrong is a son whom 
Carlisle delights to honor." 

His sister, Margaret Armstrong, whom John Lyon took for 
wife in Enniskillen, Ireland, brought to her husband, a strong 
and beautiful character, second only in wisdom and sound 
judgment to that of her illustrious brother; and down through 
more than a century and a half, has come to us the story of 
Margaret Armstrong Lyon, crowned with a brilliant intellect, 
remarkable intelligence and rare conversational powers that 
fitted her for any station in life. 

John Lyon (died 1780) established his family in the rich 
and picturesque valley of the Juniata near the little village of 
Mifflintown, and here he spent the remainder of his life. Ear- 
nest in his endeavors, and diligent in his labors for the good of 
the community, assisted by the rare tact and unusual endow- 
ments of his brilliant wife, his position was soon assured as one 
of the leading citizens of his day, not only in the activities of the 
pioneer life, with its cares and burdens, but in the religious life 
of the community as well. In 1773 through his efforts, a pro- 
prietary grant of twenty additional acres of land for the use of 
the Presbyterian Church of Tuscarora was secured, and here 
in the graveyard of the church, he and his wife found their final 
resting place. The only public office held by John Lyon of 
which we have record, was that of Quartermaster of the 4th 


Battalion, Pennsylvania Militia, to which he was appointed 
May 14, 1778. (Pa. Archives, Fifth Series, Volume 6, page 

His son Samuel acquired and settled on lands adjoining his 
father's, but only a few years elapsed when, through the death 
of his father, he became owner of the entire estate. Here 
Samuel Lyon brought his bride, Eleanor Blaine, sister of Eph- 
raim Blaine, and here he resided until the year 1785, when he 
removed his residence to Carlisle. April 6, 1771, when but 21 
years old, he was appointed by Provincial Authority, Magis- 
trate of Milford Township. (Pennsylvania Provincial Archives, 
Vol. 9, page 732.) This position he held continuously until 
June 19, 1777, when he was appointed by the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council, Justice of the Peace. (Pennsylvania Provincial 
Archives, Vol. II, page 229.) 

The following month he abandoned his civil pursuits and on 
July 31, 1777, entered the Military Service as Colonel of the 4th 
Battalion, Cumberland County Associators, (Penn. Archives, 
2d Series, Vol. 14, page 385.) October 23, 1777, he was elected 
Colonel of the 1st Battalion, Cumberland County Militia. 
(Penn. Archives, Fifth Series, Vol. 6, page 22.) May 14, 1778, 
he was commissioned Colonel of the 4th Battalion, Pennsyl- 
vania Militia. (Penn. Archives, 2d Series, Vol. 14, page 411.) 
July 3, 1780, he was appointed Commissioner of Purchases for 
the Continental Army for the County of Cumberland. (Penn. 
Archives, 1st Series, Vol. 8, page 440.) June 26, 1781, he was 
commissioned Assistant Commissary General of Purchases for 
the Continental Army. (Penn. Archives, 1st Series, Vol. 8, 
page 715.) In 1795, ten years after he established his residence 
in Carlisle, his daughter Margaret was married to her cousin, 
James Blaine. 


EPHRAIM BLAINE, in the peaceful years that followed his 
retirement from Colonial Military Service, turned his 
attention to mercantile pursuits . With headquarters in Carlisle he 
engaged in the milling business and also became a skillful and 
successful Indian trader. He never, however, made trade 
subservient to patriotism. Later, in 1771, when elected Sheriff 
of Cumberland County, he seems to have given up Indian trade. 
He never encroached on what he regarded the rights of the 
country, being constitutionally on the side of law and order, 
even against some of his own friends; for through the piping 
times of peace the bugle blast of war was ever sounding. Tur- 
bulence was the natural after-swell and roar of past storms. 

The Scotch-Irish Presbyterians were fain to enjoy the liberty 
which they valued so highly and had bought so dearly. Some- 
times they verily thought they did God service by resisting the 
powers that existed. During the prevalence of Indian War an 
act of the Assembly prohibited the selling of guns, powder and 
other warlike stores to Indians, but a company of traders, 
tempted of the devil, risked the safety of the community by 
selling their wares, irrespective of law, to the Indians. The 
ruling Quakers, supposed to be friendly to the Indians and hos- 
tile to the Presbyterians, did not interpose; whereupon the law 
and order Cumberland men took the enforcement of law into 
their own hands by seizing the stock of goods, blankets, lead, 
tomahawks, scalping-knives and gunpowder. On another occa- 
sion two Germans, who had murdered ten peaceable Indians, 
were arrested and lodged in Carlisle jail, but a warrant was is- 
sued for their removal to Philadelphia for trial. The Carlisle 
folk counted this an encroachment on the right of a citizen to 
be tried by a jury of his countrymen in the county where the 
crime was committed. Some seventy men, well armed, appeared 
at the door of Carlisle jail early one morning, surprised the keep- 
er, effected entrance and bore away the murderers. Colonel 
Armstrong, the Sheriff, William Lyon, Ephraim Blaine, the 


Presbyterian clergyman-soldier, John Steel, then a youngster of 
twenty-three, and all the more likely for that to be on hand, 
and others, gathered to the assistance of Sheriff Armstrong in 
pursuing the rioters but they escaped to Virginia. One is fain 
to believe that the chase for such law-breakers was not over-hot. 

From 1769 to 1773 inclusive, Ephraim Blaine appears upon 
the tax lists for East Pennsboro Township in Cumberland Coun- 
ty, first as a "renter", then as the owner of the property. In 
this township he must have resided, for in the years of 1770 to 
1773 he was taxed at one time on three grist and saw mills, 
and was taxed in 1770 for one servant (slave) and for two in the 
succeeding years until 1774, when the two servants appear on 
his tax list in Middleton Township. In 1771 when in his 30th 
year, he was elected High Sheriff of Cumberland County, and 
continued in that position until 1774. Though serving as 
Sheriff, he let no opportunity pass for securing desirable real 
estate and in 1772 purchased four hundred acres of land on the 
beautiful Conodoquinet Creek in Middleton Township, near 
Carlisle, on which he built, in the same year, a flour mill, located 
at the point where the pumping station of the Carlisle Gas and 
Water Company now stands. In the walls of that Company's 
building, is preserved the old sandstone with the inscription, 
"E. B. R. 1772" that was embedded in the wall of the old mill. 
This property still remains in possession of his descendants and 
the old heavy hand-made iron key of that mill of 1772, properly 
framed and inscribed, was recently given to Ephraim Blaine 
Hays of Carlisle, a great, great, great grandson and namesake 
of the mill builder. 

Ephraim Blaine's peaceful pursuits were remarkably suc- 
cessful. He became one of the wealthiest men of interior Penn- 
sylvania at that day. In his purchase of land he had an eye 
for the picturesque and beautiful, as well as for the fertile and 
productive, and in this respect his estate on the Conodoquinet 
will, even to this day, satisfy the most exacting. A large cave, 
with its black mouth opening on the waters of the beautiful 
stream, gave it the name of "Cave Farm," by which name it is 
still known. One can drive today along the peaceful country 
road that he built for the farmers to come to his mill, and a mill 


then was an immediate vital industry. The mill is not there, 
but the Conodoquinet goes down, as of old, past the place where 
the mill-wheel went turning round and round, and curves into 
a broad, tranquil stream, spreading smoothly under the willows. 
Beyond the water and willows was the pleasant country house 
to which its owner came for summer rest, and whither his friends 
drove out from the city for many a gala feast. 

Across the water, half hidden by trees and vines, can still 
be discerned the black mouth of the mysterious cave. On a 
high wooded knoll behind the house, but easily accessible by a 
safe road, is a far, fair view of the goodly land into which he 
entered and took possession, amply wooded and watered, 
framed in with purple hills, fruitful under a caressing sun. 

Joining his father, or perhaps joined by his father, in erect- 
ing and supporting the First Presbyterian Church in Carlisle, 
his pew in the church was steadily occupied, and his "stipend" 
from 1774 to the day of his death was regularly found on the 
treasurer's list— among the highest contributors, along with the 
familiar Byers and Galbraiths. His children were reared in 
the habit of attending church, and of contributing their share 
of money and of moral influence in sustaining the institutions 
of the gospel. His voice was wanting in no good word, his 
hand in no good work. 

But another war-cloud was rising in which the red-coats 
were to be vanquished as the red-skins had already been. Into 
this war Ephraim Blaine, still a young man, entered with the 
energy of youth, with the enthusiasm of conviction, with the 
advantage of experience. He joined at once in raising and offi- 
cering a battalion of Associators, of which he was commissioned 
Lieutenant. On July 12, 1774, a meeting of the citizens of 
Cumberland County was held to take action upon the act of 
Parliament closing the port of Boston. At that meeting 
Ephraim Blaine, together with his old teacher and friend, Fran- 
cis Allison, and with John Armstrong, Robert Callendar, Jona- 
than Hoge, and others, was appointed a member of the com- 
mittee, "to correspond with the committee of this province and 
of the other provinces, upon the great objects of the public 
attention, and to co-operate in every measure conducing to the 


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Owned by John Ewing Blaine. 

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general welfare of British America." In commenting upon the 
personality of the members of this committee, the historian of 
Cumberland County, Rev. Conway P. King, D. D., says, 
"Ephraim Blaine we have known for his brave defense of a fort 
at Ligonier, and was now proprietor of a large property on the 
Conodoquinet, near the cave, about one mile north of Carlisle." 

A few months later Ephraim Blaine made his last return as 
Sheriff of Cumberland County, and thenceforth gave himself 
wholly to the greater work. 

The Committee of which he had been chosen a member, 
besides keeping closely informed as to conditions in its own 
territory, and through correspondence with the general condi- 
tions throughout the Colonies, was also doing its part in secur- 
ing troops for the Continental Army. That its work was recog- 
nized and approved of by Congress, and that Ephraim Blaine 
was actively engaged in this patriotic work, even to the extent 
of advancing his own money for the equipping of troops, is 
shown by the following records in the Journal of that body : 

"Journal of Congress, March 20, 1776. 
The Committee reported there was due to Ephraim Blaine 'for neces- 
saries furnished Rifle Company Ls., 148-13-3 — 607^ dollars." 

"Journal of Congress, Thursday, July 18, 1776. 
"Resolved, that the sum of 2600 dollars be sent to the Committee of 
Inspection and Observation for the County of Cumberland, for the use of 
the troops raising in that County for the flying camp." 

While engaged in the activities of this Committee, Ephraim 
Blaine was appointed by the Supreme Executive Committee a 
Special Commissioner to treat with the Indians. 

His large experience and the practical knowledge he had 
obtained as an Indian trader peculiarly fitted him for this under- 
taking. Having no doubt dealt fairly with the Indians in his 
transactions with them as a trader, he was kindly received by 
them and was successful in his mission. The Indians were 
pacified and a treaty was made. Whether or not he received 
compensation for his services in making this treaty we do not 
know, but that he was reimbursed for the expenses he had in- 
curred, is told in the following record : 

"Journal of Congress, December 23, 1775. 
"The Committee reported there was due Ephraim Blaine for expenses 
incurred by the Treaty with the Western Indians and paid bv him, the sum 
of Ls., 533-19-41^." 


"Journal of Congress, April 25, 1776. 
"On a draft drawn by Ephraim Blaine, Esq., on the Commissioner for 
Indian Affairs in the Middle Department, in favor of Samuel Semple, in 
the sum of 77 dollars for expenses of the said Commissioner, and that the 
said sum ought to be paid to Robert Miller, Esq., of the County of Cumber- 
land, ordered that said account be paid." 

In December, 1775, the Committee of Correspondence for 
Cumberland County reported to the Committee of Safety, that 
they had expectation of raising an entire battalion in the county 
in addition to the twelve companies already sent to the front, 
and among the officers therefor, recommended Ephraim Blaine 
as Lieutenant-Colonel. With untiring energy Ephraim Blaine 
engaged in the work of raising the promised battalion, and dur- 
ing the time he was so engaged he was on two occasions, ap- 
pointed by Congress to perform special duties in the Commis- 
sary Department, and in the Quartermaster's Department, the 
nature of which duties is fully stated in the Journal of Congress 
from which we quote: 

"Friday, April 19, 1776. 

Resolved, that Mr. Ephraim Blaine be appointed to purchase a quan- 
tity of blankets not exceeding 5000, and also that he be directed to purchase 
5000 pairs of shoes to be sent to Virginia to the Commanding Officer at 

"Thursday, October 17, 1776. 

Resolved, that a Commissary be appointed to supply the Battalion 
commanded by Colonel Mackay with provisions; the ballot being taken, 
Ephraim Blaine was elected." 

These appointments did not interfere with the principal 
work he had in hand, which was the raising of a battalion of 
troops, and we hear of him again through the Journal of Con- 
gress : 

"Journal of Congress, Thursday, October 24, 1776. 

Resolved, that 5000 dollars be advanced to E. Blaine, Esq., for the use 
of the battalion raised on the Western front of Pennsylvania." 

January 1, 1777, he was commissioned and entered upon 
his duties as Colonel of the 1st Battalion, Cumberland County 

The Muster Roll of Blaine's Battalion is recorded in Penn. 
Archives, 3d Series, Vol. 23, page 444. 

IN THE position of Colonel of Militia, Colonel Blaine was 
not to remain long, for his remarkable executive ability had 
brought him to the notice of the Supreme Executive Council 
and on April 1, 1777, by a resolution of Congress, he was 
appointed Commissary of Provisions. • 

"Journal of Congress, Tuesday, April 1, 1777. 
Resolved, that Ephraim Blaine, Esq., be appointed Commissary for 
supplying with provisions the troops now in the County of Cumberland, in 
Pennsylvania, and such as may hereafter march through that County, as 
well as the artificers and troops who shall be employed in the Magazine and 
Laboratory to be erected at Carlisle." 

Upon receiving this appointment he resigned his commission 
as Colonel of the 1st Battalion of Cumberland County Militia 
and entered the Commissary Department. For this depart- 
ment he was specially fitted by his intimate knowledge of the 
resources of the colonies, his extended acquaintance with men, 
his large personal credit, his signal ability in the discharge of 
public duties, and the superior business qualifications that had 
brought him success in his own private affairs. 

Almost the same day that Congress honored Ephraim Blaine 
by appointing him "Commissary," he was also honored by the 
Supreme Executive Committee by election to the distinguished 
position of "Lieutenant of the County of Cumberland" to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation of General John Arm- 
strong. (Penn. Provincial Council, Vol. 2, page 199.) 

This appointment he declined in the following letter: 
(Penn. Provincial Council, Vol. X, p. 299.) 

Hon. Sir: "Philadelphia, 7th, April, 1777. 

The difference of sentiment which prevails in Cumberland County 
about the constitution and the ill judg'd appointment of part of the sub- 
Lieutenants are my principal reasons for not accepting, for the present, 
the Commission your Honor and the council were pleased to offer me of the 
Lieutenancy. I shall, however, study to render the publick every service 
in my power, and return your Honor and the Council thanks for your very 
favorable opinion and friendly offer. 

Am Hon'd Sir 

Your most obed' & Very Humble Servt. 
His Excellency, Thos. Wharton, Esq., EPH. BLAINE. 

President of the State of Pennsylvania, Philad'a." 


The following August he was elected by Congress to the 
office of Deputy Commissary General of Purchases. At this 
time the Commissary Department was part of the Quarter- 
master's establishment, and General Nathaniel Greene was 
Quartermaster General. 

The official record of his appointment is noted as follows : 

"Journal of Congress, Wednesday, August 6, 1777. 
Congress proceeded to the election of Officers in the Commissary De- 
partment and the ballots being taken, Ephraim Blaine, Esq., was elected 
Deputy Commissary General of Purchases in the room of Mr. Buchanan." 

Colonel Blaine's life thenceforth, till independence was 
obtained, lay in furnishing food for the soldiers, who at times 
were in desperate need and often reduced to the point of starva- 
tion. During the memorable and critical winter of Valley 
Forge, with a bankrupt and listless Congress, with an army 
destitute of clothing and perishing with cold and hunger, with 
the farmers refusing to accept the country's depreciated paper 
money in payment for their farm products, and resisting by 
armed force the seizure of their cattle and grain which had been 
authorized by Congress, human endurance was put to the test, 
and only through the strenuous exertions and good management 
of Colonel Blaine, was the terrible softened and life made tolera- 

Back and forth from Carlisle to Valley Forge, from Valley 
Forge to Carlisle, went Colonel Blaine, consulting friends and 
neighbors, urging the laggard traders and farmers. Then it 
was seen why he had been foreordained a miller, a farmer, a 
tradesman. Night and day, every mill that he owned, every 
mill that he could control or influence, was kept running to feed 
the soldiers. He ordered, pleaded, remonstrated, impelled. 
I have heard that insistent and irresistible voice bearing down 
all opposition. 

The sore need of money may be inferred from such simple 
facts as that with an estimate of $8,000,000 voted for a year, 
the whole sum actually raised by the States during the first iive 
months was $20,000. Out of his own means, and by his influ- 
ence over his neighbors, and by all his business reputation with 
men of means and affairs, Colonel Blaine advanced a saving 
fund, for the distressed and apparently abandoned army. 


Every school child remembers Valley Forge, for the suffer- 
ings of the soldiers and the footsteps traced in blood. But 
every child does not know that all the while "hogsheads of 
shoes, stockings and clothing were lying at different places on 
the roads, and in the woods perishing for the want of teams, or 
of money to pay the teamsters," and that when ordered to be 
ready to march against the British, the army answered "that 
fighting would be preferable to starving." Three days, reported 
a commander, we "have been destitute of bread. Two days we 
have been entirely without meat." Washington reported an 
"alarming deficiency, or rather total failure, of supplies." On 
the 23d of December, 1777, he reported: "Since the month of 
July, we have had no assistance from the quartermaster-general; 
and to want of assistance from this department, the commissary- 
general charges great part of his deficiency." "We have, by a 
field return this day made, no less than two thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-eight men now in camp unfit for duty, be- 
cause they are barefoot, and otherwise naked." 

And — alas! that we must say it — in this bitter time critics 
arose to carp and sting, to attribute to Washington the misery 
of the soldiers and the low estate of the war. Many men in the 
region round about preferred to send their grain to the British, 
dancing in Philadelphia, rather than to the patriots, dying at 
Valley Forge. What wonder that Washington cherished for- 
ever a tender friendship for the man who stood at his side, 
faithful among many faithless, eager, active, loyal, helpful, 
untiring, self -suppressing, through that season of stress and test! 

On the transfer of Gen. Nathaniel Greene to the field service, 
the office of Commissary General was created, and at the per- 
sonal request and on the recommendation of General Washing- 
ton, Colonel Blaine was made Commissary General of Pur- 
chases, at that period a trying and most difficult position, de- 
manding not only integrity, but infinite patience, prudence 
and worldly wisdom. 

The action of Congress is recorded in its Journals as follows : 
"Journal of Congress, Thursday, December 2, 1779, 

Congress proceeded to the election of a Commissary General of Pur- 
chases and the ballots being taken, Ephraim Blaine was elected." 


"Journal of Congress, Thursday, January 13, 1780. 
A letter of 12 from E. Blaine was read accepting the appointment of 
Commissary General of Purchases." 

The following account of the situation at this time is taken 
from the History of Cumberland County: 

"Military men are in the habit of insisting much upon the 
difficulty and importance of provisioning an army. More 
ability of a special kind is sometimes requisite for supplying 
than for otherwise commanding a large body of troops. The 
American people, without experience in this department, with 
no anticipation of a long war to provide for, and with a paper 
currency which soon greatly depreciated, hastily adopted sys- 
tems of action which soon proved entirely inadequate. In 
May, 1780, the troops had been unpaid for five months, they 
had seldom more than six days provisions in advance, and on 
one or tv/o occasions not a supply for twelve hours. When 
Gen. Greene was persuaded in March, 1778, to undertake the 
office of Quartermaster General, the patience of the soldiers 
had become completely exhausted, and the affairs of the de- 
partment had fallen into utter confusion. His efforts soon 
brought relief and order. Col. Ephraim Blaine, of this county, 
was his most efficient deputy. He was after a while invested 
with the entire charge of supplies from Pennsylvania and New 
Jersey, the states on which the main reliance was then placed. 
With his ample fortune, all of which he at times staked upon 
his payments, with an enthusiasm which from the beginning 
was intense, but mounted higher with exertion, and with an 
administrative ability which extended to an immense amount of 
details, he was by "the express acknowledgment of the War 
Department more than once the 'Savior of the army from being 
disbanded.' He was the owner of a large establishment for the 
manufacture of flour on the Conodoquinet, near Carlisle, which 
he enlarged and kept in operation to its utmost capacity, and 
without profit to himself. In May, 1780, he writes that there 
was not a single pound of beef in camp ; and in August there were 
fourteen brigades and recruits hourly arriving, consuming one 
hundred barrels of flour and sixty-five head of cattle daily; and 
he makes a demand upon Pennsylvania for five thousand barrels 
of flour, two hundred and twenty-five hogsheads of rum and a 


hundred and sixty-six thousand eight hundred and thirty-five 
pounds of beef per month. To obtain this he soHcits authority 
for the commissioners of the counties to purchase and to take 
cattle wherever they can find them fit for use. In September 
he again writes that the magazines of flour were exhausted and 
that the quantity demanded from his district was 150,000 bar- 
rels, and that 70,000 of these was the quota for Pennsylvania; 
and he complains that under the unhappy spirit of extortion 
and monopoly which prevailed, he required the aid of executive 
and legislative authority. On the 25th of January, 1780, he 
presented as the Commissary General of Purchases, an order 
of Congress on the Council for a million of dollars only in part 
for monies which he had raised from his own resources and by 
his influence for the use of the United States; and again on the 
11th of April of the same year, another similar order and for a 
like payment in part, was directed to be paid to him for his 
department. Very generally he raised the funds when they 
were needed among his friends and trusted to the public treas- 
ury, precarious as it then was, for reimbursement. In those 
dark times this was a service of incalculable importance. It 
was impossible that he should transact such an amount of busi- 
ness, sometimes by impressments, without giving offence. 
He had to do with people who were jealous of their rights and 
resolute in asserting them. The people of Cumberland County 
refused to submit to the impressment of anything, particularly 
of wagons and horses, and they agreed to resist force by force. 
John Byers, Esq., who with Gen. Ewing, of York, was appointed 
(Feb. 4, 1778), to superintend the storing of flour and other pro- 
visions, on the west of the Susquehanna, complains that a work 
which he had undertaken solely for the public good, should be 
met with odium and opposition, and he was kept with difficulty 
from renouncing his task. It was, however, with the co-opera- 
tion of men of wealth and energy like these, that the army was 
after a while, amply supplied, and though sometimes the stores 
were low, they were always replenished before a complete 

All the while that Col. Blaine was gathering in provisions 
and pouring out money, he was also hammering away at Con- 


gress, whose journals are fretted with his name. April 5, 1777, 
a few days after his appointment as Commissary of Cumberland 
County, Congress ordered that there should be advanced to 
Ephraim Blaine, Esq., in part payment of the balance due to 
him for provisions furnished the troops, and in advance towards 
his furnishing provisions in consequence of his late appointment, 
$15,000. Another time it resolved that "a copy of the letter 
from Ephraim Blaine and its enclosures be transmitted without 
delay to the several States, who are hereby requested to take 
into their serious consideration the present want and distress of 
the army, and that they furnish and forward by means the most 
efficacious, the supplies requested from them." 

The following orders are but samples of the numerous 
warrants for monies, drawn to his order by Congress: 

"Journal of Congress, Monday, April 10, 1780. 
Ordered, that the following Warrants * * * amounting in the 
aggregate to $3,704,000.00 issue in favor of Ephraim Blaine, Commissary- 
General of Purchases." 

Journal of Congress, Tuesday, April 11, 1780, 
Ordered, that the following Warrants * amounting in the 

aggregate to $5,840,666.60/90 of a dollar issue in favor of Ephraim Blaine, 
Commissary General of Purchases." 

It was one thing for Congress to order warrants for money 
to issue, and it was quite another thing to get the money on 
them; the National Treasury was empty and it was necessary 
for the officer in whose favor the warrants were drawn, to collect 
the monies from the Treasurers of the several States. The first 
of the above warrants was drawn on the Treasurers of Massa- 
chusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut; the second on the 
Treasurers of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and 
the delay in collecting such large sums was often most embarrass- 
ing. Included in the Commissary supplies was rum, of which 
large quantities were evidently consumed, for Congress ordered 
on November 16, 1780, three warrants to issue in favor of Eph- 
raim Blaine, Commissary General of Supplies, for the sums res- 
pectively of $647,810.00, $281,435.00, and $268,249.00, in pay- 
ment for rum seized for the use of the army. 

The performance of Colonel Blaine's duties in his untiring 
efforts to provide for the army, carried him throughout Penn- 


sylvania and from New England to the Carolinas. He took 
time, however, to write letters to Congress and to the President 
of the State of Pennsylvania from the various places he visited, 
recommending measures for the public good, urging prompt 
action and pleading for the appropriation of necessary funds to 
carry on his operations. At the same time, he was in constant 
communication with his assistants, contractors and others who 
had to do with the Commissary Department. His letters, many 
of which may be found in the records of the State and of the 
General Government, were brief but comprehensive; often 
brusque, and perhaps homely in detail, but of a character that 
indicates that he was a man of ability and decision. 


History is most authentic when recorded in the words of 
the man who actively participated in the events that constitute 
history, hence we call on Ephraim Blaine to relate in his own 
words the story of his trials and difficulties in provisioning 
the army that was fighting for American Independence. 

From the State and the Nation's records he answers: 

Dear Sir: "Camp at Valley Forge, February 12, 1778. 

The neglect in the Quarter Master's Department, not keeping up a con- 
tinual supply of waggons from the Magazines with provisions, renders it 
difficult for me to support the Army ; have not received one Brigade of wag- 
gons from Lancaster or the back counties this three weeks. The Quarter 
Masters complain they have no power to press and have great difficulty in 
procuring a single team. Would request your honor's immediate assistance 
to adopt such measures as to your prudence may effect drawing out the 
necessary supply of teams. Two hundred and odd will be wanting in our 

If this salutary measure cannot be put in execution very shortly, the 
Army will suffer. 

There is Flour and Whiskey in every county sufficient to load such wag- 
gons as may be commanded. The badness of the roads have deprived a 
single waggon from coming to camp this several days. I am with great 

Your Honor's most Obed't and 
Directed Most H'ble Serv't. 

Governor Wharton. EPH BLAINE, D. C. G." 

"Philadelphia, March 16, 1779. 

Busy collecting food — will go as far as Winchester in Virginia. My 
doubt about being able to procure a plentiful supply of Flour for our coming 
is very great — there are near seven months before we can have any relief 
from the Crops now in the Ground, and indeed sorry I am to inform you that 
the scarcity of grain is not so real as artificial. Extortion seems generally 
to prevail with mankind — some from a desire of obtaining large prices hold 
back from sale — others from disaffection and dislike to our currency." 
"To Robert L. Hooper, Jun. Esq., 

A. C. of Purchases at Easton. 

12th. I am afraid of our Salted Provisions spoiling. See that yours is 
in proper Order and the pickle Sound. — One Weeks Neglect may occasion 
considerable loss in that Article. 

16th. Am exceeding sorry to find there is the least Appearance of any 
of your Beef spoiling, it will be a great loss, and give the malicious Room to 
charge us with Neglect. Let every Measure be adopted to preserve it — 
believe Severe smoking will be the best but first have it clear drained from 
the old pickle — and make a Strong fresh Pickle, which let it lay in, twelve 
Hours before you hang it. 


24th. The acct. I have received of Your Salt Provisions being Spoiled 
distress me exceedingly. It will oblige us to buy fresh Beef before it is fit to 
Use; and at a most extravagant Price, and exclusive of the great loss the 
publick will Sustain it will occasion great Clamour with many people — 

July 1st. I have had Letters from the Commissary Gen'l of Purchases 
and Issues, and from General Sullivan — who has also wrote the Board of 
War — that all the Salt Provisions are Spoiled — beg to hear from you by very 
first Express." 

Sir: "Phila., 13th, May, 1779. 

I have some time ago given orders to my Assistants at York & Carlisle 
to apply to the Quarter Master for a sufficient number of Teams to transport 
to Harris's Ferry, Eleven hundred Barrels of Beef & Pork, twelve hundred 
Barrels and five Hundred Kegs Flour and fifteen Hundred Gallons of Rum 
and Whisky, also my Assistant at Lancaster to send and without delay four 
Hundred Barrels of Flour to Middleton, they inform me the Quarter Master 
cannot furnish them with Teams, without an order from the Council to press. 

"You will please make application to the Council for the Warrant, or 
adopt such other measures as you may think prudent to obtain the neces- 
sary Waggons. 

I am with much respect Sir 

Your Most Obt. and H'ble Servt. 

Directed EPH. BLAINE, D. C. G. 

His Excellency, Joseph Reed, Esq., 

President of the State of Pennsylvania." 

Sir: "Philadelphia, Septem., 22d, 1779. 

The daily consumption of Flour for the support of our Army is very 
great and our Magazines quite exhausted. This will require the greatest 
exertion in the Commissaries of Purchase to procure that Article, otherwise 
the Army will undoubtedly suffer for want of Bread. The demand from my 
district is one hundred and fifty thousand Barrels (Seventy thousand of 
which is the quota for this State). To execute this business under the pres- 
ent unhappy Spirit of Extortion and Monopoly, which prevails generally 
with Mankind will require the aid of the Executive and Legislative Authority 
of the respective States. I beg Your Excellency and Council would please 
to grant such assistance as your Wisdom may see prudent to enable me to 
procure the quantity demanded. 

Annexed your Excellency has the names of my assistants in this State, 
should you approve of them, please to signify it by line, and such as you dis- 
approve of, please to mention and recommend those whom Your Excellency 
know to be active men and capable to answer the public demands in the 
Execution of their Offices. 

For the City and County of Philadelphia, Challoner & White, Bucks 
County, Nicholas Patterson, Chester, William Evans. The lower district 
of Lancaster, Matthew Slough. The upper, Cornelius Cox. Northampton, 
Robert Lettis Hooper (resigned). York Town, Henry Miller. Cumberland 
and Bedford, James Smith. Northumberland, William Mackay. They 
have all taken the Oaths of Office and Allegiance and have been active in the 
execution of their respective duties. 

I have the honor to be with much Esteem and Regard, Your Excellencys 

Most Obedient and Most humble 
Directed, Servant, 

His Excellency, EPH. BLAINE, D. C. G. 

Joseph Reed, Esquire, 
President of the State of Pennsylvania." 


Sir: "Prince Toun, 29th, January, 1780. 

I have done all in my Power to Obtain Money from the Treasury board 
for the use of my Department but have been disappointed — The Treasury 
being exhausted of the Monies limited and the taxes coming in very slow — 
have obliged Congress to delay payment of Large sums wanted, for the 
Commissary and Quarter Master's Department — I have not been able to 
Obtain a sum Necessary for the present Demands of my assistants in the 
vicinity of Camp for the daily supplies of our Army at Head Quarters. 
You must therefore wait till Congress have it in their power to Obtain money 
by tax and dispose of bill of Exchange which they are now about selling, — 
without the Immediate wants of the Garrison at Fort Pitt, call your atten- 
tion. In that case you will make Immediate application to the Treasury 
Board for a sum of money sufficient to make tJhe Necessary Purchases in 
your District, for the above purpose, and I make no doubt they will furnish 
you with it. I am now on my way to New England; when I return shall give 
you every Assistance in my Power, and am with much regard Sir 
Your most Obed. and Most Hble Ser. 


Honoured Sir: "Toppan, August 3, 1780. 

The consumption of Provisions has increased this eight days past and 
without the States use fourfold Exertions the Army cannot long subsist; 
there is now but Ten days flour within the neighborhood of Camp Kings 
Ferry and Morris Town, six days supply of Beef and little or no Rum: and 
what distresses me beyond measure I have this moment been informed that 
the Magazine at Trenton is quite exhausted and all the flour and Rum there 
would not load one Brigade of Waggons. 

Supplying the French Army at Rhode Island has held back part of the 
supplies of Beef I had reason to expect from the Eastern States; this gives 
me to doubt I shall fall far short of a sufficiency of that Article without great 
Assistance from the Southward. Much Dependance is put on your State 
for flour therefore pray Your Excellency and Council to give us Immediate 
relief and every possible Assistance else the Army must undoubtedly disband 
for want of subsistence. 

Marquis La Fayette is just returned from Rhode Island and brings little 
news, Except the French Army are in great spirits and with the Militia was 
well prepared to have received Sir Henry Clinton and his Army had he pro- 
ceeded as was expected. I believe the Army will remain here Several days. 

I have to be very respectfully, 
Directed Public Service. Your Excellencies Most Obedt H'ble Servt. 

His Excellency, Joseph Reed, Esq., EPH. BLAINE, C. G. P. 

President of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Sii-. "King's Ferry, August 3d, 1780. 

The Committee of Congress at Head Quarters having called upon the 
States to furnish Supplies for our Army, (during the Campaign) which is 
increasing fast and makes the daily consumption of Provisions very consider- 
able and will require every possible exertion of the States to keep them 
supplied: Your State is requested to furnish five thousand barrels of 
flour, Two Hundred and twenty five hogsheads of Rum & 166835 pounds 
of Beef Pr Month — there is fourteen Brigades assembled in this Neighbor- 
hood and Recruits hourly coming in, which with the followers of the Army 
now consume one hundred barrels of flour and sixty-five head of Cattle daily. 


The requisition made by the Committee of Congress upon the respec- 
tive States for Provisions are calculated to supply our Army, which is very 
shortly expected in the field and without a speedy complyance they cannot 
long subsist — have in the most pressing terms to beg your Excellency and 
Council to press the State Contractors to use every possible means to facili- 
tate their respective Purchases and forward the flour and Rum agreeable 
to the orders of the Committee. The Beef Cattle will be received by Capt. 
Little at Philadelphia, whom I have appointed to superintend that Business 
and forward them by Droves to Head Quarters. I will be happy in Adopt- 
ing any measure which will make the delivery of Supplies Easy for your 

Our sudden March from Prackner's in Jersey to this place made 
me conclude that a very few days would bring us into New York; but Sir 
Henry Clinton's speedy return from his Intended Expedition to Rhode Island 
has prevented his Excellency General Washington from proceeding further. 
We are now recrossing North River and going to take post near Dobb's 
Ferry, which is about Eighteen Miles below this place and I presume we 
shall remain there until the arrival of the Second Division of the French 

I have the honor to be, with great esteem 

Your Excellencies Most Obedt H'ble Servt, 

Directed EPH BLAINE, C. G. Purchs. 

His Excellency Joseph Reed, Esq." 

Sjj.. "Philada, 21, September, 1780. 

His Excellency General Washington has ordered me to lay up, Seven 
thousand Barrels of Salt Provisions in this City, Easton and Pitts Town and 
One thousand Barrels at CarHsle — exclusive of the above small parcels ought 
to be salted up where Posts are Established to secure the Troops against 
want next Winter & Spring — to answer the above purpose ten thousand 
Bushels of Salt is necessary, and will be immediately wanting, have there- 
fore to request your Excellency & Council to adopt some plan for procuring 
that quantity and give directions to your Agents to dehver the same to my 

I should wish to have an opportunity of speaking with the Council and 
giving them my opinion respecting Small Magazines of Salt Provisions. 
I am very respectfully Sir 

Your Most Obt and Most H'ble Servt. 

Directed. EPH. BLAINE. 

His Excellency Joseph Reed, Esq., 

President of the State of Pennsylvania." 

"Head Quarters, New Windsor, 19th Jany, 1781. 

Sir : I think it my duty to inform Congress of every circumstance which 
concerns the supplies of our Army and my uneasiness respecting them. I 
fear none of the States will come up to their expectations and that many will 
fall exceedingly short. Inclosed I send you a copy of a letter which I re- 
ceived from Col. Champion. It will inform you the expectation I have from 
that State, and from many others similar information — these failures of 
supplies will one day or other be attended with the most fatal consequences, 
to prevent which I beg Congress to write the most pressing letters to each 
of the States to use every possible exertion in procuring the provisions 
required with punctuality. * * * * 

The troops at West Point and those cantoned in the Neighborhood 
have been some time upon Short allowance of bread and the present appear- 


ances give me very little hope of a seasonable supply of beef cattle. We 
have no fresh meat upon hand and the troops are now fed upon what little 
corned and salted beef I had laid up for Spring use which is more than twenty 
days support. 

If our situation is such in the most plentiful season of the year and when 
our Magazines ought to be filled with Salt provisions I leave Your Excel- 
lency to judge what it must be the next Campaign when three times the 
number of Men are in the field, the consequences must undoubtedly be their 
dissolution for want of subsistence — without the States use fourfold exer- 
tions in facilitating their purchases in due time. ******* 

The troops have been destitute of rum ever since they came into Winter 
Quarters. There is about 70 Hds. at Springfield, but I have not the least 
hope of getting it brought forward before the Spring. 

I have the honor to be with great respect 

Your Excellency's Most Obt Hbl Servt. 
To the President of Congress." EPHRAIM BLAINE. 

Col. Wood, "Reading, 17th June, 1781. 

Commanding the Convention Prisoners. 
Dear Sir: 

I expected to have the pleasure of seeing you at this place but am dis- 
appointed. Captain Alexander, the person whom I have appointed to 
attend the Convention Troops upon their march to the Eastward, and use 
every endeavor in his power to procure supplies at the sundry ports upon the 
route and attend to your Orders and instructions, upon meeting the Hessian 
troops in Marsh Creek, and thinking you would be up immediately did not 
proceed but returned with them to this place where he will remain until he 
hears from you. He is a Gentleman on whom you may rely and will closely 
attend to your Instructions and put every part of them into execution." 

Colonel Blaine at the beginning of the war was but thirty- 
four years of age, His children were too young to serve him 
except through their bright spirits and cheerful dispositions, 
their fresh interest and the boyish enthusiasm of the martial 
times in which they were living. To the little boys of seven 
and nine years, the war was but a broad playground. His 
brothers Alexander and William, and his brother-in-law Samuel 
Lyon, to whom reference has been made, were his strong sup- 
porters and close friends. 

William Blaine served in the Continental Army as Captain 
in the 1st Battalion Cumberland County Associators, which was 
called into service December, 1776, and later was captain in the 
4th Battalion Cumberland County Militia. (Penn. Archives, 
5th Series, Vol. 6, page 5; and 2d Series, Vol. 15, page 583.) 

Alexander Blaine served as Assistant Commissary of Issues 
and though I find no mention of his name in the official record, 
the fact of his service is amply established in an official paper 


containing an account of provisions issued to the Seventh 
Pennsylvania Regiment, detachments, artificers, wagoners, 
etc., at Cariisle, from January to September, 1777, by Alexander 
Blaine, Assistant Commissary of Issues, beautifully ruled and 
written by his own hand, which has escaped destruction and is 
reverently preserved in his Colonial collection by the Hon. John 
Hays of Carlisle, Pa. 

Alexander Blaine had also been fitted for the work by an 
excellent education, and by long experience in business affairs. 
So early as 1768, when he could have been hardly more than 
twenty-five years old, he received from the Hon. John Penn, 
Esq., his certificate of character and license to trade with the 
Indian nations and tribes. 

To the wonderful triumphant end of the war, Ephraim 
Blaine held his even course, strong, sustained, effective, un- 
touched by envy, unmoved by calumny, unswerving under 
opposition, loyal to his chief, faithful to his cause, marshalling 
his inglorious flour and whiskey and the preservation of life as 
strenuously as if he had been intrusted with the glory of battle. 
And presently even the dates of his severe business letters and 
the dry terms of his orders and despatches are musical with the 
notes, fragrant with the blossoms, of approaching peace. 

That his even course was sustained by loyalty to his chief 
and his cause is occasionally seen. "Please your Excellency," 
he wrote from Philadelphia the year before, "it has not been in 
my power to obtain a single shilling of money from the Treasury 
Board. My people are so much indebted that their credit is 
quite exhausted with the Country. * * * * The Treasury 
being exhausted, my Agents greatly involved, the delay of our 
public finances and the general change in the system of the 
Quartermaster and Commissary General departments has made 
my office one of the most disagreeable man ever experienced. 
Indeed, nothing would induce me to continue under present 
appearances but the duty I owe my Country and regard to your 
Excellency, which ever shall be motives to command my best 
services and surmount every other difficulty." 

CornwalHs surrendered October 19, 1781, but the Revolu- 
tionary Army was not disbanded for more than two years after. 


On October 18th, 1783, Congress issued a proclamation for 
disbanding the Army and by the 3d of November following, the 
Army was entirely discharged from service. Colonel Blaine, 
becoming weary of his position after hostilities ceased, resigned 
his Commission as Commissary General July 24th, 1782, and 
retired to private life. 


Record of Public Services and Authorities 

1759 to 1763 — Lieutenant; Commander of Fort Ligonier, Pa. 

Penn. Archives, 1 Series, Vol. 4, Index & Page 109. 

♦Letters in Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, Vol. II, pp. 212-220. 
1771 to 1774 — Sheriff of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. 

Penn. Provincial Archives, Vol. 9, p. 779, Vol. 10, p. 56. 
July 12, 1774 — Member Committee of Observation. 

Penn. Archives, Second Series, Vol. 4, p. 871. 
1775 — Commissioner to make Treaty with Western Indians. 

Journal of Congress, Dec. 23, 1775. 
April 17, 1776 — Special Purchasing Agent for Quartermaster's SuppHes. 

Journal of Congress, April 19, 1776. 
October 17, 1776 — Commissary to supply the Battalion of Col. Mackay. 

Journal of Congress, October 17, 1776. 
January 1, 1777 — Colonel First Battalion of Cumberland County Militia. 

Penn. Archives, Fifth Series, Vol. VI, p. 5. 
April 1, 1777 — Commissary of Supplies for Cumberland County. 

Journal of Congress, April 1, 1777. 
August 6, 1777 — Deputy Commissary General of Continental Army. 

Journal of Congress, August 6, 1777. 
December 2, 1779 — Commissary General of Continental Army. 

Journal of Congress, December 2, 1779. 

*Note — In Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, Vol. 2, page 516, the name 
of Ephraim Blaine is erroneously printed Archibald Blaine. 


COLONEL BLAINE came out of the war still a young man, 
his eyes not dim, nor his natural force abated. Instantly 
he took up again with undiminished ardor, promptitude and 
effectiveness all the old business of life — trade, lands, exchange; 
all the old pleasures of life, social and domestic. The establish- 
ment of Congress in Philadelphia, with his revered friend, 
General Washington, at the head of the Government, made that 
city the social centre of the new nation. Colonel Blaine availed 
himself of its advantages as far as possible by making Phila- 
delphia his winter home, and taking his full share in its duties 
and festivities. His fortune had been impaired, or at least 
diminished, by his generous contributions to the patriot cause, 
but it was still ample for a gentle and wide hospitality, for the 
best rearing of his children, and for the demands, small or great, 
of an extensive business. 

His brothers Alexander and William, and his sister Eleanor, 
who married Samuel Lyon, sought and established in other 
parts of the Country, new homes where they grew and pros- 
pered. Of the other members of his father's family we have 
but scant record. The descendants of the three brothers, how- 
ever, and the sister, Eleanor Lyon, are to be found in nearly 
all the States. Many of them have gained distinction; all have 
been loyal and law-abiding citizens, the men, without exception, 
adhering to the higher ideals of life and the women distinguished 
by their charm of person, intellectual attainments and purity 
of character. 

Ephraim Blaine's vision of the future growth and develop- 
ment of the great country he loved, had not diminished during 
the years he had given to the service of that country. After 
resigning his commission as Commissary General and having 
satisfactorily re-established his neglected private affairs, he 
sought a broader field for his operations. Within little more 
than a year he had formed a business connection with William 


Bell, a wealthy merchant of Philadelphia, and at once started 
to Kentucky to view and secure such public lands as were avail- 
able. Reaching Fort Pitt, he writes as follows: 

From Colonel Blaine. 
"Fort Pitt, 25th November, 1783. 
To Mr. William Bell, Merchant, Philadelphia. 
Dear Sir: 

I have this moment returned from being up the Monongahela River in 
pursuit of one of the Deputy Surveyors — and fortunately met with Col. 
Marshall who has Fayette County which extends from the Mouth of the 
Sandy River to Kaintuck, and back to the Mountains. I have Obtained a 
deputation for Mr. Lyon who goes with me as a Surveyor — Mr. Marshall 
has given me bad Encouragement Respecting Vacant Lands — however I 
shall proceed on Friday Morning and adopt every possible measure to ac- 
complish my business. I shall have excessive fituage and do not Expect 
it will be in my Power to return before the last of February. After I reach 
the mouth of Sandy River and Explore that Country and locate my lands, I 
will have to ride one hundred & fifty Miles to Mr. Marshall's Office to Enter 
them. This will take considerable time, then after the surveys are made I 
must return them and have the drafts signed and Certified. Mr. Elliott 
has been gone some days. When he has his business a little settled at the 
falls he will proceed to Green River and endeavor to lay the warrants I have 
sent with him. You will be so kind as to hurry up the goods which I wrote 
for by Mr. Tate and Rather add to the list as many of the articles are much 
wanted. Speak to Mr. Ludlom Mr. A. & Co. and tell them to keep my note 
until I return at which time they shall be punctually paid with Interest — 
You will much Oblige me in paying Mr. Gren the Waggoner who brought up 
part of my goods the sum of fifty pounds, and I forgot to settle with Mr. 
Galaugher in record that for some delph ware which I bought from him. 
Pray will you pay him. Pray endeavor to have our Indian cargo early in the 
Summer, there will be a great demand. I shall have a very Considerable 
Remittance to carry down with me upon my Return in money and piltry. 

You will please to pay attention to m.y family, and should my son 
Return from France before I come home, I shall take it a very particular 
favour if you will make it your business to see him often and give him your 
friendly advice. He is an unwieldy boy and will stand in much need of it, 
please to present my compliments to Mrs. Bell and believe me with much 
Regard Dear Sir — 

Mr. Bell." 

■ Being at Fort Pitt he improved the occasion to turn an 
honest penny, for we find a conveyance to him of three lots in 
the City of Pittsburg, by John Penn, Esq., and John Penn, Jr. — 
grandson and great-grandson of William Penn, late proprietaries 
of Pennsylvania. 

Pursuing his journey, he arrived at the Northeastern bound- 
ary of Kentucky in December, 1783, and established his camp 
on the Big Sandy River about fifteen miles from the Ohio River, 


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)hriam Blaine, September 11th, 1784. It will be noted from 
ivas Pilot and Director of the Survey. 


and at the mouth of a tributary flowing from the south. This 
tributary was given the name "Blaine" in his honor, and by that 
name it still is known. 

In the valleys of the "Big Sandy" and "Blaine" he entered 
large tracts of lands under Treasury Warrants and here he 
remained for some time, when proceeding down the Big Sand}'- 
to the Ohio River, he continued his operations, entering lands 
at many points in Kentucky, mostly adjacent to or along the 
banks of the river. 

That he remained in Kentucky the greater part of the year 
1784 is evidenced by dates of "Entries of Land" that he made 
in his own name. The records show in addition, that during the 
same year he made many "Entries of Land" in the joint names 
of Ephraim Blaine and William Bell, and in the individual 
name of his partner, William Bell. 

The boundaries of one of the tracts of land entered by 
Colonel Blaine, is fully described in the accompanying Fac- 
simile of the original report of the Survey. 

Among the others we have record of the following entries 
made in his own name, all in Kentucky, or as described in the 
entries, on the south side of the Ohio River: 

Dec. 29, 1783. 5000 acres, south side of Ohio River opposite the mouth of 
a small stream flowing into the Ohio, and about 2 miles below the Sciota 

Dec. 29, 1783. 8000 acres beginning where the War or Buffalo's path 
crosses the North bank of the Licking, known by the name of Harrison's 
ford; leading from Lewistone to the Lower Blue Licks, to extend South 
across said branch one mile, thence West two miles, thence across said 
branch North for quantity. 

June 12, 1784. 8000 Acres, beginning at four Poplars out of one root and 
a black Walnut, between the mouth of Tygart Creek and the Little 
Sandy River, and running up the Ohio river six miles. 

June 12, 1784. 3000 Acres, beginning on the Ohio river, lower side of Tygart 
Creek and extending up that Creek 1200 poles. 

June 12, 1784. 2000 Acres beginning on the Ohio River four miles below 
the Sandy and running down the Ohio river 600 poles. 

June 12, 1784. 6000 Acres beginning 1200 poles above the mouth of the 
Little Sandy river, running up the Ohio river 1600 poles. 

Sept. 11, 1784. 8000 Acres beginning at the lower side of the mouth of the 
Little Sandy river and extending up that river 1200 poles. 

Sept. 11, 1784. 3000 Acres beginning at 4 Poplars out of one root and a 
black Walnut to be surveyed in three tracts of 1000 acres each, extending 
down the river Ohio, giving a front on the river to each tract three 
times as long as broad." 


In the midst of the activities of his busy life, Colonel Blaine 

took time in 1788 to again visit Kentucky, extending his trip 

as far as Louisville. Mention of this visit is made in the 

Diary of Dr. Saugrain, an early Kentucky explorer, from which 

we take the following extracts: 

"Louisville, Ky., May 7th, 1788. 

An excellent opportunity is presented and I am going to avail myself 
of it. Col. Blaine is going as far as Carlisle and I intend to travel with him, 
that is to say, we shall see the whole of Kentucky (Quintague) and we shall 
go on horseback as far as Limestone^ where we shall await the boats which 
are to take us to Muskingun (Monsquingome) from there another, or the 
same boat will take us to Wheeling (Womlique) where I shall do my best to 
borrow a horse to take me to Fort Pitt, Philadelphia, etc. I am making a 
little book in which I shall keep exact account of everything interesting 
which shall present itself. I pray the Savages may not catch me again. 
The route is not very safe. I do not, however, believe it very dangerous 
when the journey is made with four or five persons well armed, but unhappily 
we are only Col. Blaine and myself. I have no arms and I doubt if he has 
any. But "Nothing venture, nothing gain" says the proverb and I have 
such a desire to see Kentucky that fear is nothing to me. We shall set out 

"May 11, 1788. Set out from the Falls (Louisville) at 3 o'clock. We 
have made 12 miles. The lands are quite good and seem to me easy to 
clear as the trees are small. Col. Blaine, m.y traveling companion, is a little 
ill. God grant that he may be well tomorrow, for if he falls ill, I shall be 
obliged to return to Louisville and take the boats which are soon to go up. 
I fear much for them for there are a great number of Indians along the Ohio." 

Of the 14th: "Danville. We have rejoined here Mr. Blaine's son who 
is going to return with us as far as Limestone. I think the young ladies will 
accompany us as far as Lexington (Lexenetone) where we shall go in two 
days. Col. Blaine having business on the way. These two ladies are 
very pretty and come from Philadelphia. I believe they will return at the 
fall of the leaves." 

Of the 16th: "At one o'clock we arrived at Lexington, the capitol of 
Kentucky. This city is not large, but it is the largest in the Country. It is 
quite pleasantly situated. We found ourselves present at the time for hold- 
ing court, which brings in quite a large number of people. I think we shall 
remain here two days and shall use two days in getting to Limestone. ^ 

Of the 19th: "Set out at seven o'clock, we got to Bourbon^ at eleven 
p'clock. We departed thence and made only five miles. We made the 
night in that place, because Col. Blaine had business." 

Of the 20th: "We set out at three o'clock. We dined at Blue Lick 
(Saline bleu)^. It is a very extraordinary thing to see eight or ten feet 
apart two springs one of which is very salt, the other fresh. A great quan- 
tity of salt is made here by evaporating the water." 

"From Blue Lick we went to a little town four miles from Limestone 
Creek. This town is quite large; it is called Washington (Wagentone), 
From there we went to Limestone whence I intend to depart tomorrow, 
seeing that the boats have arrived from the falls. They have met with no 
accident along the route." 

1. Now the city of Maysville. 

2. Now the city of Paris. 

3. The Blue Lick Springs — a most popular resort in ante-bellum days. 


Whether Col. Blaine continued his journey with Dr. Sau- 
grain, or remained in Limestone, is not told in the diary. The 
latter left Limestone May 21st, and after spending eight days 
in Muskingum, arrived at Fort Pitt, June 7th. 


COLONEL BLAINE'S children were rapidly growing into 
maturity, companionship, and support. His two sons 
had received a liberal education, and had become handsome and 
accomplished gentlemen, known in life and to be remembered 
long after they had left it for their distinguished bearing and 
social graces. Both followed their father into mercantile pur- 
suits, including also traffic in lands. James, the eldest, named 
for his father's father, had been sent abroad to Bordeaux for 
special professional training, and for further travel and wider 
acquaintance with the world. Souvenirs of his tour yet remain 
to his great-great-grandchildren. There is a tradition that the 
young gentleman developed abroad a greater fondness for so- 
ciety than for business, which is not improbable considering his 
age, for he was not seventeen when he returned from his first 
trip, and a very young man when he returned from his second. 
On this latter trip he was the bearer to this country of the cele- 
brated Jay's Treaty. John Bannister Gibson, the illustrious 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, wrote that 
"James Blaine, at the time of his return from Europe, was con- 
sidered to be among the most accomplished and finest looking 
gentlemen in Philadelphia, then the centre of fashion, elegance, 
and learning, on this continent. His reputation as a model 
gentleman was honorably sustained throughout life." He and 
his brother Robert entered into business together in Carlisle, 
and gradually came into the management of their father's 
affairs as well as their own. 

With all his graces and amenities, James Blaine had a watch- 
ful outlook for business, and could be short, sharp and decisive 
upon occasion. The records of the court at April sessions in 
1798 present a true bill for indictment against James Blaine for 
assault and battery, and defendant being charged submits to 
the court with protestations of innocence, whereupon the judg- 
ment of the court is that the defendant pay a fine of four dollars 
towards the support of the government, pay the costs of prose- 



cution, and stand committed until this judgment be complied 
with. But though the court pronounced this stern decree, it is 
to be noted in a marginal "aside" that clerk and attorney for- 
gave their fees ; whence we may infer that the weight even of the 
court opinion was on the side of the defendant, whose most 
accomplished kinsman, worthily wearing and transmitting the 
family honor, affirms that "whipping the other fellow is often 
worth more than four dollars, and only hopes he was well 

Perhaps this incident combined with his popularity in the 
community had something to do with his election shortly after, 
as an Officer in the Militia. Be that as it may, James Blaine 
was appointed by Thomas McLean, Governor of Pennsylvania, 
to the office of Captain of the First Troop of Light Horse 
Attached to the Militia of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, as set forth in the accompaning Fac-Similie of the 
original commission. 

John Adams, President of the United States, willing to do 
Colonel Blaine a service, nominated his son James as captain in 
the United States Infantry. This commission he resigned June 
15, 1807. 

Domestic joys came to crown the lives of the brothers. 
Both married young and married happily in their own sphere of 
life. The wife of the eldest, James, was Jane Hoge, daughter of 
David Hoge, Esq., a public-spirited citizen, whose name is 
closely identified with the upbuilding of civilization in both 
eastern and western Pennsylvania. He had relinquished the 
Sheriff's office to Colonel Blaine the year after his daughter's 
birth, and threw in his interests, though not his residence, to 
the formation of the town of Washington in Western Pennsyl- 

Returning from a business trip to New Orleans in 1793, 
James Blaine found only a grave, instead of his young wife and 
the child whom he had never seen. 

A letter from Carlisle April 18, 1793, says with quaint 
pathos: "We lost a very worthy female inhabitant of Carlisle 
a few days ago, (the wife of Mr. James Blaine) who died and 
was buried in the absence of her husband. He arrived the day 


after the funeral, and upon hearing of the sad disaster, ran to 
the graveyard, almost distracted and there remained a good 
while, fixed in the deepest sorrow." 

In the deepest sorrow he looked again upon her face and 
obtained some locks of her hair, from which ten rings were made 
for remembrance — five were made with her hair and his own 
entwined, five with such mourning emblems as love could com- 
mand from the art of that period. 

December 22, 1791, Robert married Susanna, daughter of 
Paul Metzger, of McAllister's town, now Hanover. Their hap- 
py home in Carlisle, and on the Cave Farm is still represented 
not only in tradition, but in living charm and force. 

It was no doubt in view of these marriages that Colonel 
Blaine bought the Middlesex Estate, which became so dear to 

It had happened in the course of events that his old friend, 
Robert Callender, who had been his surety when he assumed the 
office of Sheriff, died in 1776, leaving by will his Middlesex 
estate to his son Robert Callender, then a minor. Fifteen years 
afterward the property was sold from this son at Sheriff's sale 
and Ephraim Blaine bought it. In the deed which conveyed it 
to him October 12, 1791, it is described as containing 563 acres, 
139 prs. called Middlesex with fifty acres adjoining. At an 
early day it had belonged to the Chambers, and as James Gal- 
braith's wife, Mrs. Ephraim Blaine's great grandmother, was 
a Chambers, it is not improbable that in reverting to her the 
estate had come to its own again. 

In May of the next year, 1794, James, the bereft husband 
was in New Orleans again on a three months' business trip, and 
in October he was back in Carlisle helping his father to entertain 
the President of the United States. 

The whiskey insurrection was testing the new government. 
Like most insurrections, it had a reasonable side. The Scotch- 
Irish had emigrated for liberty, which for them included freedom 
from restrictions in trade. They had hardly fought through 
their last fight with the old home tyrant, when here was their 
own chosen government putting an enormous tax on whiskey. 
But in the extreme West whiskey was the chief currency. Rye 


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was the chief product. As rye it could not be profitably taken 
to market, because a horse could carry only four bushels, but of 
rye changed into whiskey, he could carry twenty-four bushels. 
Freight in wagons to Philadelphia was from $5.00 to $10.00 a 
hundred pounds, and such freight ate up both profits and rye. 
There was no trade down the Ohio, and lower Mississippi was 
held by Spaniards. Whiskey was the only high road to salt, 
which was $5.00 a bushel; to iron and steel, which were $15.00 
and $20.00 a hundred weight. Consequently distilleries were 
everywhere, but few of them paid cash for grain. The men of 
the interior saw the men on the coast drinking their imported 
wines which transportation by land would make too costly; 
and they said among themselves, if we cannot import, why shall 
we not make ? Why should we be called upon to pay duty for 
drinking our grain, any more than for eating it? And it is hard 
to see that the question was ever more logically answered than 
with Light Horse Harry's fifteen thousand troops. But that 
logic carried the day. President Washington, Colonel Blaine, 
and the others drank their "cags" of wine, and decided that law, 
whether good or bad, must be enforced. The nation was not 
seated firmly enough in the saddle to permit the horse to take 
the bits in his mouth for a moment. 

"September 30, 1794," says Jacob Holtzheimer, "that great 
and good man. General Washington, President of the United 
States, set out from his house on Market Street with Secretary 
Hamilton on his left and his private secretary on his right, to 
head the Militia to quell the Western Insurrection." His ar- 
rival in Carlisle gave a great week to the stirring little town. 
The President's bodyguard was composed of New Jersey 
cavalry, handsomely uniformed, and himself had no superior for 
personal dignity and imposing presence. 

But public sentiment in Pennsylvania was republicanism 
flavored with whiskey, and the soldiers and the citizens were 
often at odds — once at so great odds that Governor Mifflin 
found it necessary to soothe the excited crowd from the balcony 
of the hotel on South Hanover Street. Mr. Paul Metzger, father 
of Mrs. Robert Blaine, and his twelve year old son George 
were then on a visit to Carlisle, dividing their time between 


Mrs. Robert's house and that of Dr. McCoskrey, father of the 
late Bishop McCoskrey. General Washington had visited at 
Mr. Metzger's home in Hanover, and of course, little went on 
which the lively lad did not see. When his host gave a dinner- 
party to the President, Governor Mifflin, Colonel Blaine and 
other distinguished men, George, being his guest, was, though 
but a lad, invited, or be it said permitted to appear at the table. 
This honor he was too shy to accept, but in the prospect of a 
street fight the small boy's shyness vanished, and through the 
whole commotion he stood at the Governor's elbow, and so 
was able to tell us about it. 

The President's headquarters were on the opposite side of 
the street, where both Colonel Blaine's houses were devoted to 
his accommodation and entertainment. In the one which 
Colonel Blaine himself occupied on the corner just south of the 
public square, the President and his staff were guests at his table. 
In the one adjoining they were lodged. Mrs. Blaine was at this 
time an invalid, attended and cheered by her young niece, 
Margaret Lyon, who had been almost reared in her uncle's 
house; and the young daughter-in-law, Mrs. Robert Blaine, 
mounted her horse every day, and, leaving her little brood at 
home, rode in through the green fields, from the Cave Farm, 
and assumed supervision of the President's entertainment and 
chaperonage of the young maiden. The sons. Captain James 
and Robert, took charge of the outdoor arrangements, seeing 
that "the President's horses" and accoutrements were properly 
cared for, and all expenses promptly met. 

Thus the father had only to devote his time to his distin- 
guished guest, who, in turn, made himself thoroughly agreeable 
especially delighting young Margaret, by praising her "flannel 
cakes" and begging her to give him her recipe for them that he 
might carry it home to his Patty! Yes, "My Patty," Cumber- 
land County and Washington County join hands on that. 

History says that while the President was at Carlisle he 
heard that the insurrection had been quelled. A private theory, 
firmly held, is that he enjoyed his visit there so much that he was 
willing to believe the insurrection had never arisen! This 
theory all must adopt who know what that Blaine home circle 





was — the host dignified, courteous, hospitable, brilliant, the 
center of all life and love and gayety ; the children young, bright, 
strong, devoted — an harmonious family circle; the guests 
pleased, stimulated, happy, and giving happiness; every com- 
fort, convenience and entertainment that money and generosity 
and native elegance could supply — all, hosts and guests, at their 
best in mind, body and estate. 


January 15th, 1795, James Blaine and his cousin Margaret 
Lyon, daughter of Samuel Lyon and Eleanor Blaine, sister to 
Ephraim Blaine, were married. February 5th of the same year 
Colonel Blaine lost the wife of his youth— Rebecca, daughter 
of the Galbraiths. A second month, and the bride's great-uncle, 
John Armstrong, "eminently distinguished for patriotism,' 
valor and piety," joined her in the unseen world; the stern and 
strenuous life, the sweet and cherishing life, going out alike in 
the atmosphere of sanctity. The last years of the mother had 
been spent in comparative seclusion, on account of illness and 
increasing infirmities which banished her from the activities of 
society, and from all but the ministrations of the family. The 
household niece, Margaret, could no longer make her uncle her 
first thought, because her cousin had appropriated it. 

So it came about that in his lonely hours Colonel Blaine 
found solace in the society of a beautiful young widow, who had 
some two years before his wife's death been bereaved as the 
result of a duel, in which, strange to say, his son James had acted 
as second. 

John Duncan, a brother of Judge Duncan, of the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania, and from whom the Duncan family of 
Mississippi descended, had some political dispute with James 
Lamberton, a prominent civil and military officer of that period, 
and grand-father of the late Hon. Robert A. Lamberton, LL. D.,' 
President of Lehigh University of Pennsylvania, a dispute,' 
which, despite the intervention of friends, presently became an 
altercation so violent and personal as seemed in the judgment 
of those days to demand blood. A challenge was sent and 
accepted, and James Blaine and Joseph Postlethwaite were 
chosen seconds. The duel was fought in a wooded place near 
Carlisle and Duncan was instantly killed at the only exchange 
of shots between them. 

Mrs. Duncan was the daughter of Samuel Postlethwaite, 
an officer in the army, and granddaughter to Joseph Rose, a 


< > 






distinguished Irish barrister from Dublin, who had died in 
Pennsylvania. She was thirty-eight years old and Colonel 
Blaine fifty-six — no forbidding disparity where the man was 
courtly and commanding, rich and distinguished, handsome 
and cultivated, in the prime of a successful life, enlarged and 
softened by experience, in charity with all the world, a man of 
quick as well as wide views, of prompt decision, unflinching 
resolution, successful execution, eminent unselfishness, sought 
by the humblest, valued by the highest. 

Some years before. Colonel Blaine, among other transactions, 
had bought a lot of land on the west side of North Hanover 
Street, on the public square in Carlisle, not far from his own 
houses, which were on the east side of South Hanover Street, 
just south of the public square. On this lot he built two houses, 
whose every line speaks the lavishment of love and the love of 
beauty. In his Sheriff's receipt book is a receipt for brick, 
whose date indicates that its destination was to these houses. 
Their fine and stately architecture is still a pleasure to the eye 
and a repose to the soul. No modern Eastlake sentiment can 
draw more heavily on "sincerity" than these doors, with their 
massive colonial bulk, their hinges reaching nearly across the 
door, and showing to the most careless their easy ability to 
sustain the swing; the arched windows, the ornate yet elegant 
mantels, and the ample and cheerful rooms, though now given 
over to business, still speak of the home courtesies and comforts 
of the past. These houses, complete in every detail, the loving 
father — wise — man — conveyed to his proud and devoted sons, 
September 18, 1797; to James Blaine the one on the southerly 
part of the lot, together with three hundred acres of land; 
to Robert Blaine, the one on the northerly lot, together with the 
Cave mill and farm of two hundred and fifty acres, and four 
hundred acres of mountain land. 

Two days afterwards, September 20, Colonel Blaine married 
Sarah Elizabeth Postlethwaite Duncan, widow of him who had 
fallen in the fatuous duel. Thus he gained for the solitude of a 
saddened hearth seven years' companionship with a woman 
whose Irish wit and beauty, whose elegance and social accom- 
plishments brought down to the middle of the nineteenth cen- 


tury, living witness of the charm which had been confessed by 
three generations. 

One son was born to them, whom they named for his father, 
Ephraim, and to whom the happy father by will gave the 
Middlesex home which he seems to have loved best of all, from 
which he could never stay long away, and in which he spent the 
greater part of his closing years. But his beloved wife, Sarah Eliz- 
abeth besides personal devises, was to enjoy the whole estate at 
Middlesex during her life, "if she continues unmarried" (with 
ample provision, however, even if she should not continue un- 
married) , paying out of the same ' ' all that may be necessary for the 
proper support and education of my son Ephraim Blaine until he 
shall arrive at the age of twenty-one years." When Ephraim was 
twenty-one he was to enter into possession of the estate, but 
was to pay one-half of the profits to his mother during her life 
and widowhood; "and if my said son Ephraim should die before 
he would arrive at the age of twenty-one years and without 
having lawful issue to inherit the same estate, then I give and 
devise to my grandson Ephraim Blaine, son to my son James 
Blaine, all the mills and water powers erected on my said estate 
at Middlesex with two hundred and fifty acres of land adjoining 
to the said mills to be laid off at the discretion of such of my 
Executors as shall be void of all interest in the said division and 
the remainder of my said lands at Middlesex I give to my 
Grandson Ephraim Blaine, son of my Son Robert Blaine;" and 
after various other and ample devises to wife and son Ephraim, 
"all the residue of my estate real and personal I do give and 
devise to be equally divided between my two sons James and 
Robert, and I do hereby appoint my two sons James Blaine 
and Robert Blaine and my Friend David Watts, Executors of 
this my last will and Testament." The will of a just man mind- 
ful of his obligations and acquainted with human nature. 

The three young Ephraims were not far apart in years — 
the nephews a little older than the uncle ; but the latter was not 
destined to enter into his inheritance. Of the many children 
who played around the water-brooks of the Cave Farm and the 
Letort mill-race, it was the infant heir of those broad lands, the 
beautiful, curled darling of his father's old age, whose little feet 



stumbled on the brink. Margaret Lyon, Mrs. James Blaine, 
was spending the day at Middlesex. The little boy, dressed in 
his pretty white suit with his long fair curls freshly brushed, 
was brought in to be duly admired and petted by the guest, his 
cousin and sister-in-law, then dismissed to run about at his 
liking. Shortly afterwards, not hearing him at play, they called 
and sought him — in vain. He had wandered down to death in 
the swift-rushing mill-race. 

The father did not long survive him, but died in his bereaved 
home on February 18, 1804, in the sixty-third year of his age. 

His beloved wife, Sarah Elizabeth, was loath to remain in 
the house of her repeated sorrow, and withdrew to Philadelphia, 
where she "continued unmarried" leading such a life of dignity 
and distinction as beseemed her blood and name, till, in 1850, 
she passed away at the ripe old age of ninety. 

The sons faithfully executed the trust with which they had 
been charged, evidently, so far as the records show, to the satis- 
faction of all concerned. 

At the first and second session of the Ninth Congress (1805) 
James and Robert Blaine, executors of their father's estate, 
presented petitions for compensation due their father for Revolu- 
tionary services in the Commissary Department; but I find no 
record and no tradition that such petition was ever granted. 

From time to time they kept alive before an unheeding Con- 
gress the indebtedness of the country to their father, for services 
rendered and money advanced. 

So late as 1818 the Journal of Congress calmly records that 
"Mr. Baldwin also presented a petition of James and Robert 
Blaine, executors of the last will and testament of their father, 
Ephraim Blaine, deceased, a deputy commissary general and 
commissary general of purchases in the Revolutionary Army, 
praying compensation for the services of their said father, and 
for a reimbursement of the moneys advanced by him for the 
purchase of various supplies for the said army;" but I find no 
record that Mr. Baldwin got any reply to his petition. 

Robert Blaine remained in the Carlisle home, and enjoyed 
as well the beautiful and picturesque lands on the Conodoquinet. 
Here in the midst of friends, among whom he had grown to 


maturity, he spent his days peacefully, and here, to this day, he 
is represented by descendants who are prominent in all the 
activities of the city he loved. 

J *gw i(f% 


IN JAMES BLAINE, the old Scotch-Irish rover reappeared 
with renewed vigor. The large business in new rich lands, 
which to the hereditary Blaine vision that saw clearly into the 
future, were big with promise, had a tendency to keep the land- 
hunger ever alive. Western Pennsylvania offered tempting 
fields, frequent visits were made and the going back and forth, 
the inspection, survey, exchange of lands, and the other traffic, 
only increased the restlessness of this land-lover and presently 
with his family he left — never to return — the heritage of Mid- 
dlesex, the beautiful finished Carlisle home, and all the fair hill 
country round about, the water-brooks of the Conodoquinet and 
the Letort, just as his forebears had left Donegal Run and the 
Chicquesalunga — and pitched his tents on Muddy Creek in 
Greene County, in what was then the far West; but Margaret 
found it too far and lonely, and even James missed his good 
Carlisle society; so thence they fared to Brownsville, where he 
owned lands in and about the town. 

Here several of their children were born among others, 
Samuel Lyon Blaine (the father of John Ewing Blaine, the edi- 
tor of this brief family history), who, in his young manhood, 
following the traditions of the family, turned his face to the 
West and in 1838 established his home in Maysville, Kentucky. 

Two years later (1840) he married Anna Coons (b. 1819, 
d. 1899), a daughter of George Coons, who at an early day 
settled in Fayette County, Kentucky. 

Samuel Lyon Blaine was a man of strong convictions, an 
uncompromising Presbyterian in religion, a Whig in politics and 
later an ardent and enthusiastic Republican. He was a great 
admirer of Mr. Lincoln and in 1861 was one of seven men in 
Mason County, Kentucky, who voted for him for President, 
for which offense, he, with his six political associates, was burned 
in effigy at the Mason County Court House door. In 1864 he 
was appointed by President Lincoln Assessor of Internal Reve- 
nue for the Sixth District of Kentucky, and discharged the 


duties of that office with eminent satisfaction until the office 
was merged in 1873 with that of Collector of Internal Revenue, 
when he retired to private life. At his death he was survived 
by his widow, Anna Coons Blaine, and two daughters and six 

It was from his home in Maysville that his distinguished 
nephew, James Gillespie Blaine, entered upon his career in life. 
During his college days the nephew had frequently visited his 
uncle to whom and to whose wife he was warmly attached; the 
pleasure of his visits, the acquaintances he had made and the 
fascinations of Kentucky life were evidently irresistible for we 
find him again at his uncle's in Maysville, in the Autumn of 
1847, immediately after his graduation from college. Here he 
remained until the January following when he was offered and 
accepted a position in the Western Military Institute, located 
at Georgetown, Kentucky. During his several years stay in 
Kentucky, he was a frequent and welcome visitor in the Mays- 
ville home. 

In his various wanderings, James Blaine tarried long enough 
to acquire local interest and influence, and everywhere he 
carried on his mercantile business in connection with his invest- 
ments and other transactions in land. In Brownsville he was 
commissioned as Justice of the Peace, and entered into the social 
and business life of the place with zeal and sympathy. Indeed, 
all the Blaines seem to have considered all Pennsylvania as their 
natural home and heritage, and wherever James Blaine went 
he could feel that the feet of his father had trodden the path 
before him, and all the landed property had been his father's 
choice, prevision, and judgment as well. 

James Blaine's restless spirit did not permit him to remain 
long in one place and after a few years, wearying of Brownsville, 
he sought a new home in Sewickley on the Ohio River, near the 
city of Pittsburg. At Sewickley, not ill-chosen for beauty or 
for business, he established himself in a comfortable and even 
imposing house, situated on a plateau commanding a beautiful 
view, overlooking the river that seemed necessary to Blaine 
contentment. Tradition points to a large mound in the midst 
of an orchard of twenty-five acres, on his lands, as marking 


^i,,,;^^ >t.t^^ ty^^ f^ 

'^f (^yPl^<t-iy /Vv 


the center of a field on which a fierce battle between the French 
and Indians had been fought, and in which were buried the 
dead braves and their valuables. 

This home was filled with joy and gladness of children and 
youth; for boys and girls grew up around him, eleven in all, 
seven of whom reached mature life. His children were given the 
best educational advantages obtainable. 

Ephraim, the eldest, named for his grandfather, with his 
mother's Lyon name incorporated, was early sent to school and 
college — which was then probably hardly more than a school, 
but was a full-fledged college in name. The following receipt 
is still treasured in the family: 

15th August, 1807. 

"Reed, from James Blaine eight dollars being the tuition due to Wash- 
inton College up to the first day of this month for Ephraim Blaine — 


At one time there were four Ephraim Blaines in Washington 
College. Their distinguishing sobriquets were "big Eph," 
"little Eph," "red Eph," "devil Eph," and "gentleman Eph," 
scattered somewhat promiscuously among the group. The 
big and devil Eph seems mostly to have been confined to the 
son of James, and little Eph and gentleman Eph to the son of 
Robert. That these sobriquets were not distributed from 
mere caprice may be inferred from many anecdotes still current, 
perhaps the earliest being that when devil Eph's mama called 
attention one day to the swift ruin attending his trousers' knees, 
the very young gentleman retorted, "That is because Dr. Brown 
(the President) keeps us at prayers so much." 

Leaving college, Ephraim Lyon Blaine studied law and like 
his father, was sent to travel in Europe, as a matter of mental 
and social finishing. But there is no tradition that he or his 
father ever visited the land from which the father came — that 
North of Ireland, that Londonderry and Donegal, whose names 
were always held in affectionate remembrance. 

In Sewickley lived and prospered James Blaine ; his children 
were growing to maturity, and here his son, Ephraim Lyon, 
brought his bride, Maria Gillespie, and to them was born that 
illustrious American James Gillespie Blaine. 


The same year that brought him a daughter-in-law had taken 
away from him a daughter — Eleanor, by her marriage with John 
Hoge Ewing. 

When David Hoge delivered up his Sheriff's staff to Eph- 
raim Blaine in Cumberland County in 1771, he went straight- 
way West and bought up a large portion of the Chartiers Valley, 
and upon it he laid out the town of Washington, to be the capitol 
of the new Washington County. In the log house of David 
Hoge the first court of the county was held, October 2, 1781. 
Having thus secured the capitol, he followed up his advantage 
by giving four lots for a courthouse and prison, two lots to His 
Excellency George Washington, who dearly loved land, and 
who especially had an abiding faith in corner lots, and who 
accepted them without a qualm of bribery. Seventy or eighty 
acres wise David Hoge laid aside for a common, and then 
speedily sold the whole enterprise to his sons John and William, 
who took up residence there, while he preserved for himself his 
own homestead in Cumberland County. 

The son William married Isabella Lyon, sister of James 
Blaine's wife, Margaret Lyon, and thus within a few years there 
was established a special personal interest and family center for 
the Blaines in Washington. William Hoge was elected and 
re-elected member of Congress, and was afterwards made Asso- 
ciate Judge. After his death, his wife married Alexander Reed, 
from Donegal, son of Robert Reed, who was called to Ireland 
from Scotland to preach against the Arian heresy, and preached 
so successfully that his church at one time had one thousand 
communicants, and his children and great-grandchildren be- 
came sole occupants of its pulpit for one hundred and fifty 
years. His first wife had been daughter of that Colin McFar- 
quhar who preached in Donegal Church for thirty years, and 
who had been fain to attest to his loving, but doubting, parish- 
ioners, his loyalty, by going inside the circle around The Witness 
Tree and swinging his hat with a hurrah for the Continental 

Mr. Reed was a public-spirited citizen whom all the com- 
munity delighted to honor, and Isabella's house had thus been 
a pleasant and wholesome home to her kinsfolk. There her 


young niece, Eleanor Blaine, had met an extremely clever and 
promising young man, by the name of Ewing. His father, 
coming down from that inexhaustible Scotch- Irish hive through 
York, had received his education under the direction of his 
kinsman. Dr. John Ewing, pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church in Philadelphia, and Provost of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, who had served his country on weighty public and 
political commissions. Mr. Ewing had named his son for 
his intimate friend, John Hoge, and when the boy came 
to Washington to attend the college, John Hoge took him into 
his own family. After his graduation John Hoge Ewing re- 
mained in Washington studying and practicing law, practicing 
the gospel also, by every good word and work. It was this 
young man whom Eleanor Blaine had met on her visits to her 
Aunt Isabella in Washington. On the footing of a cousin, 
though in fact no relation, a classmate of her brother Ephraim 
and born in the same year, it befell that one week after Ephraim 
Blaine married Maria Gillespie, Eleanor Blaine married John 
Hoge Ewing — in her Aunt Isabella's house — because, if married 
in Sewickley, the way thence was so rough, and the steamers so 
uncertain, that they ran the risk of having to take their wedding 
journey in a flatboat, with all and sundry of its inconveniences 
and discomforts. 

Another daughter of James Blaine had also married in 
Washington — the little Jane Hoge — whose husband was the 
founder of the first newspaper established in Washington. 
Thus when age was drawing on and Sewickley grew too remote 
from kindred for the repose of the evening of life, the elder Blaines 
could but be attracted to the place where so many of their 
family had gathered. Morover, a house awaited them, not too 
far for neighborhood, yet far enough for independence, to which 
John Hoge Ewing and his wife Eleanor besought and brought 
her parents. Here James Blaine, a tall and handsome man 
still, with figure scarcely bowed and only a becoming portliness, 
with head whitened by years and bright eyes undimmed — came 
with Margaret Lyon to the society and vicinity of their own 
people, and there on the green hillside that might well suggest 


the Cave Farm of his youthful years, he passed the serene 
evening of his life among his children and his grandchildren. 

This narrative closes with the passing of James and Robert 
Blaine, sons of Colonel Ephraim Blaine, Commissary General 
of Purchases for the Continental Army. 

He who is interested in following the record of the family 
through later generations, will find as a rule, and without 
exception, so far as I personally know, a line of men and women, 
who throughout the years, have maintained the high standards 
established by their ancestors, and among them men and women 
who are well known in the world of letters, and as leaders in the 
higher activities of life; men distinguished in the civil and mili- 
tary life of the nation, in the ministry, in the professions, in the 
sciences and in the arts. 

To one of these whose splendid life was already crowded 
with distinguished service for his country, came the crowning 
honor of all when James G. Blaine, the foremost Diplomat, 
Orator, Scholar and Statesman of his day was nominated for 
the Presidency of this great Nation. 



THIS Appendix contains an article entitled "Ephraim Blaine, 
Personal Reminiscences," published in the "Washington 
Examiner," Washington, Pennsylvania, September 2d, 1858, 
and extracts from "Fragments of Family and Contemporary 
History," gathered by Rev. Thomas Hastings Robinson, D. D., 
published in 1867, "Carlisle Old and New," and from "The 
History of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania." 

Notwithstanding its contents are largely a repetition of what 
appears in the preceding pages, the writer, appreciating the 
sources from which these writings come, considers them valu- 
able contributions to the Blaine family history and worthy of 
preservation in this volume. 


From "The Washington Examiner," Washington, Pennsylvania, 
September 2, 1858. 

Col. Ephraim Blaine — Interesting Reminiscences. 

In the third volume of the New American Cyclopedia, 
recently issued from the press of the Messrs. Appleton, we 
find the following brief sketch of an eminent Pennsylvanian of 
the Revolutionary era: 

"BLAINE, EPHRAIM, an officer in the Revolutionary war, 
belonging to Pennsylvania line, died at Carlisle, Pa., 1808. He 
entered the army as a Colonel at the commencement of the war, 
and was subsequently made Commissary General. His services 
were gallant and patriotic. He was with Washington in many 
of the most trying scenes of the Revolution, and enjoyed the 
confidences of his Chief to the fullest extent. During the 
"dark winter" at Valley Forge, the preservation of the American 
Army from starvation was in a great degree owing to the exer- 
tion and sacrifices of Col. Blaine." 

It would be impossible to do justice, within a single para- 
graph to the memory and services of so gallant a soldier, so 
valuable an officer and so worthy a man, as Colonel Ephraim 
Blaine. Living on his princely estate of "Middlesex" in the 
county of Cumberland, at the time the Revolution was inau- 
gurated, he at once offered his personal services and his large 
means to the patriot cause. He was forthwith commissioned 
by the Continental Congress as a Colonel, was attached to the 
Pennsylvania line of troops, and did not "ground arms" until 
the contest was over and the victory won. It happened from 
the outset of his service that he was thrown much in contact 
with General Washington and the result was a warm friendship 
between the two, which manifested itself in a cordial correspon- 
dence through a period of more than fifteen years — ^many of 
Washington's letters being still in the possession of Colonel 
Blaine's descendants. 

Owing to his own marked and meritorious services, both in 
"camp and field," and aided perhaps by the personal friendship 
of Washington, Col. Blaine was promoted to the very important 
post of "Commissary General of the Northern Department" 


in the year 1778, about the time that the distinguished Gen. 
Wadsworth was appointed to a similar rank in the Southern 
department. In this enlarged and most responsible sphere of 
duty Col. Blaine won imperishable laurels. The district over 
which he was thus made "General of Commissariat" extended 
from the Maryland line northward, including Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey, New York and New England and it was to his 
great energy and oftentimes to the means which he had the 
individual and personal influence to command, that the "Pa- 
triot Army" was kept from actual want and starvation. The 
large operations for army supplies which Col. Blaine negotiated 
may be inferred from the fact that at one time (Jan. 1780) the 
Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania drew a single 
warrant in his favor for one million of dollars to reimburse him 
for advances which his own exertions and his own means had 
provided, and at another time a warrant for seven hundred and 
fifty thousand was credited to him by the same authority in 
payment of similar obligations. During the "dark winter" at 
Valley Forge, the most critical and trying period perhaps in 
the whole seven years' struggle, the American army was left 
at one time almost entirely dependent on Col. Blaine's efforts, 
and the faithful and heroic manner in which he discharged his 
duties at that period was always spoken of in terms of the 
highest praise by Washington. 

Colonel Blaine was with Washington in several of the most 
critical epochs in the long struggle for our liberties, and was 
among the most "tried, true and trusted," to the last. At the 
close of the Revolution he retired to his estate at "Middlesex," 
which had become greatly impaired by his long absence, though 
they were still magnificent in their extent and resources. Here 
he resided for nearly a quarter of a century after the war, in 
true manorial dignity and hospitality, entertaining his numer- 
ous visitors in a style of liberality suited to his social rank and 
public position, and admirably illustrating the character of the 
Pennsylvania gentleman of the "olden time." It was at his 
house that President Washington and suite were entertained 
when they journeyed to the interior of the State on the eventful 
expedition, called out by the Whisky Insurrection of the West- 


ern counties in 1794. During Washington's presidency, 
Colonel Blaine spent many of his winters in Philadelphia, form- 
ing one member of that "Republican Court" which surrounded 
and gave eclat and dignity to the social rule of our first and 
greatest Chief Magistrate. Colonel Blaine's son, James 
Blaine, went abroad in 1791 as an attache to one of the American 
embassies and was made a few years after the bearer to this 
country of the celebrated "Jay's Treaty," which was the cause 
of such an angry congressional controversy immediately after 
its reception, and which resulted in the permanent estrange- 
ment from Washington of some who had been previously reck- 
oned as among his most devoted political friends. James 
Blaine at the time of his return from Europe was considered 
to be among the most accomplished and finest gentlemen in 
Philadelphia — then the center of fashion, elegance and learning 
on this continent. His reputation as a model gentleman was 
honorably sustained through life. He died a few years since in 
Washington County, Pennsylvania, whither he removed after 
the death of his father. It may be mentioned here that Col. 
Blaine was one of the original members of the Pennsylvania 
Society of the "Cincinnati." 

The domestic and family history of Col. Blaine were quite 
as remarkable and interesting as his public career was honorable 
and patriotic. Shortly after the war was over he lost his 
wife, who was a Miss Galbraith, of a well-known Scotch 
family. He passed some years as a widower, and his second 
marriage was somewhat singular and romantic, to say the least. 
In the town of Carlisle, near which his estate of "Middlesex" 
lay, one Judge Duncan was among the most prominent citizens 
— a man of social rank and high spirit, and some years the junior 
of Col. Blaine. A personal difficulty happened between Judge 
Duncan and a lawyer of the Cumberland county bar, named 
Lamberton, and the result was that a challenge passed and was 
accepted. The second of Judge Duncan was James Blaine, the 
son of Col. Blaine already alluded to. The issue of the duel 
was the instant death of Judge Duncan, who was shot with a 
rifle-ball directly in the forehead. And now for the singular 
sequel. A few years elapsed and Col. Blaine married Judge 


Duncan's widow — the widow of the man for whom his son had 
acted as second in the duel which proved fatal to him. The 
lady survived Col. Blaine a long number of years, and after his 
death resided in Philadelphia. Her residence was one of the 
elegant mansions on Walnut Street west of Twelfth and here 
she lived in a style of true elegance and social distinction until 
she attained the ripe age of ninety. She died as late as 1850, 
and is buried in a family vault at Laurel Hill. The descendants 
and collateral connections of Col. Blaine in Pennsylvania, and in 
many other parts of the Union, are quite numerous. In this 
State the family is intimately interwoven with the Lyons, 
the Russels, the E wings, the Alexanders, the Andersons, the 
Reeds, the Walkers, the Gillespies, and numerous other branches 
of the old Pennsylvania stock. The son of Col. Blaine's second 
wife, Dr. Stephen Duncan, of Natchez, Miss., is widely known 
as one of the wealthiest planters of the South, his estate being 
reckoned by millions, while he was otherwise known as the most 
high-minded philanthropic and Christian of men. Robert J. 
Walker, late Governor of Kansas, and so distinguished as a 
Democratic statesman, belongs to the same stock, being a 
nephew, we believe, of Col. Blaine's wife. Hon. Samuel Rus- 
sell, late representative in Congress from the Bedford district, 
in this State, and Hon. A. L. Russell, late Secretary of State, 
are grand-nephews of Col. Blaine. Hon. John H. Ewing, for- 
mer representative in Congress from the Washington district, 
married a grand-daughter of Col. Blaine; and Robert C. Walker, 
Esq., well-known in our State, and now connected with the 
Agricultural Bureau at Washington, is connected by a similar 
tie. A branch of the family is to be found in South Carolina, 
intermarried with the Wheatons of that State; another branch 
is settled in New Jersey ; another in Missouri ; another in Iowa ; 
and still another in Arkansas; while one lineal descendant, a 
grandson of Col. Blaine, has wandered off northward to New 
England. We allude to James G. Blaine, Esq., formerly a 
resident of this city, and a successful contributor of the Whig 
press, but who now resides in Maine, and edits one of the leading 
Republican papers in that State. The male members of the 
blood bearing the family name are scarce. At one time, since 


the death of Col. Blaine, he had five namesakes among his rela- 
tives, but not one of them now survives. The name itself, 
therefore, belongs to comparatively few, while the blood flows 
in the veins of a very large number. 

It is interesting thus to trace out the ties of consanguinity 
which bind the present generation to the worthy and good men 
of the past. We have no sympathy with that miserable and 
sickly feeling which induces a man to live on the reputation of 
his ancestry, and we have just as little with that affected con- 
tempt for a "good family stock" which certain persons are in 
the habit of parading. The true feeling and true ambition 
should be to cherish a worthy pride in one's honorable ancestry 
by emulating their worthy deeds. We believe, at all events, 
in keeping the patriotic deeds of our Revolutionary heroes fresh 
in the remembrance of posterity, and we have therefore thought 
that nothing would prove more acceptable to Pennsylvania 
readers than this brief sketch of Colonel Ephraim Blaine of 


Extracts from "Fragments of Family and Contemporary 

History," gathered by 

Dr. T. H. Robinson 

Published in 1867 

THE event which was the occasion of the unpretending 
volume which follows, is thus chronicled in one of the daily 
journals of the County. 

Re-Union Picnic— MR. EDITOR: 

Such a picnic as we had on Thursday last, under the maples 
on the lake shore, near Moorhead's Station! It was a reunion 
of the Robinson, Blaine and McCord families, whose fathers 
came from Cumberland County and settled in Erie County 
near the close of the last century. Intermarriage with the 
Crawfords and Moorheads brought out those families in heavy 
force. The scattered members of this connection had gathered 
from the sea-shore and the far-away prairies. Some crossed 
the Alleghenies to be present, and Pittsburg alone sent more 
than a score of her substantial sons and fair daughters to grace 
the gathering. 

Sail-boats and row-boats abounded. Swings were affixed to 
the branches of the trees. The "Old Flag" seemed to float from 
everywhere; a spring of water bubbled up from the foot of the 
bluff ; the blue waves of the lake were at our feet and the green- 
clad limbs of the great broad maples were overhead. The day 
was glorious, the arrangements were complete, thanks to the 
gallant Col. Robinson, who was "pastor of said church in 
charge." Such a table! Why, bless you, Mr. Lynn, it was all 
there; nothing was omitted, though, of course, anyone knowing 
the ladies of the connection knew how that would be. The 
flowers were beautiful; the ladies seemed to have anticipated 
the season and rifled October of her fair blossoms — those of the 
gorgeously dazzling color combinations. Grace was said by the 
Rev. Mr. Cleveland and chaste and appropriate allusion made 
to the occasion. Two hundred and fifty of the connection then 
sat down to dinner and when that was over the singers sang 
America and an address, historical in its character, and of great 


interest to the numerous connection was read by the Rev. Mr. 
Robinson, of Harrisburg. The tears in the eyes of the aged and 
the eager expressions of curiosity upon the faces of the young, 
gave token of the interest excited in the numerous reminiscences 
of the events in the early lives of their fathers. Allusion was 
made to those of the name that had drawn the sword and fallen 
upon the field for Union and Liberty, and thanks were given that 
none of the name had sided or sympathized with traitors, and 
the singular fact was mentioned that not one had abandoned 
Presbyterianism, the faith of their fathers. 

The day will not soon be forgotten by this extensive family 

Extracts from Dr. Robinson's Address 

* * * It is a laudable desire to know more of the men who 
have, under God, had so large a share in shaping our own 
destiny, running the features of our physical frames and of our 
intellectual and moral natures in the moulds in which themselves 
were cast. It is with this desire to know more of the men of 
the past, of our own fathers, that we have gathered up from 
every available source, the scattered fragments of history which 

* * * Our ancestry are of Scotch origin, or of that branch of 
the Scotch familiarly known in history as the Scotch-Irish. 
This class of people were so-called from the fact that they were 
descendants of Scots who had settled in the north of Ireland 
under the reign of James I. By the protracted wars in the time 
of Elizabeth the whole kingdom had greatly suffered, but the 
northern portion of it had been reduced to the lowest state of 
misery. James determined to settle these lands with a popula- 
tion who would be disposed to the arts of peace and industry. 
The Scots therefore were invited to occupy the province of 
Ulster, in the north of Ireland, and they did so in large numbers, 
bringing with them their Presbyterianism and rigid adherence 
to the Westminster standards. Persecutions of a most oppress- 
ive nature at length arose during the reign of Charles I, and 
as these persecutions continued during the reign of subsequent 
sovereigns, they began to leave in large numbers. The Ameri- 


can Colonies opened their arms to welcome them and hither 
they came. Few, if any, of the Scotch-Irish came to Pennsyl- 
vania earlier than 1719. 

* * * In the year 1729 six thousand of the Scotch-Irish are 
reported to have come to this country, and before the middle 
of the century, or 1750, nearly twelve thousand arrived annually 
for several years. Some found homes in New England, but the 
greater number of them made choice of Pennsylvania for their 
new homes, although many of them afterward removed to 
Virginia, the Carolinas, and at a later day to Kentucky. 

* * * The region in which our ancestry originally settled 
can hardly be surpassed by any part of the country for its 
natural advantages and the beauty of its scenery. It was to 
them a wilderness where they were the pioneers. They dwelt 
in the region immediately surrounding Harrisburg, the present 
capitol of the state of Pennsylvania — then but the site of a ferry, 
a stockade and a trading post with the Indians. The Kitta- 
tinny mountains, an extensive range, which begins in eastern 
New York among the Catskills, and extends southward through 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and the Carolinas, bearing 
different names on its way, formed for some years the western 
boundary of the settlements. These mountains were broken 
here and there by small gaps, and boldly cut asunder where the 
many-islanded Susquehanna forced its way through. From 
the western bank of the Susquehanna extended southward one 
of the most enticing valleys of American scenery. This valle3^ 
now known as the Cumberland Valley, was originally called 
Kittochtinnyfrom the mountains that formed its western bound- 
ary. The valley, like the mountains, stretches from eastern 
New York to the Carolinas, and assumes many different names. 
In Virginia it is the Shenandoah. This region possessed pecu- 
liar attraction for hardy and adventurous settlers. 

* * * Our ancestry, the Robinsons, McCords, Blaines, 
Moorheads, Blacks, etc., with their friends and neighbors from 
the old world, occupied this beautiful region of central Pennsyl- 
vania for twenty or thirty years in almost uninterrupted peace. 
They went on in the even tenor of their way, extending and 


improving their farms, patenting new lands, rearing and educat- 
ing their children, planting everywhere the school-house and 
the church. They penetrated farther to the westward, crossed 
the Susquehanna, scattered over the beautiful valley now known 
as Cumberland, and at the time of which we now speak, 1754, 
a few had gone over the Kittochtinnyinto the valley beyond and 
a few had made settlement along the Juniata. At this date 
Pennsylvania was a royal province, ruled by governors ap- 
pointed by the Penn family and approved by the King. 

* * * Of the part our ancestry took in the memorable strug- 
gle with Great Britain in the seven years war for national 
independence, we have but scanty memorials. Sharing, how- 
ever, in that love of civil and religious liberty which character- 
ized the Scotch-Presbyterians of that day, and drew them into 
the front of the great struggle for American independence, they 
were not slow to bear their part in it. The settlements of cen- 
tral Pennsylvania, Virginia and North Carolina, where this class 
of people originally settled, furnished many of the bravest and 
hardiest men for the Revolutionary service. 

* * * Of the ancestors of the Blaine family Colonel Ephraim 
Blaine, of Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, stands most dis- 
tinguished for his personal ability and for his public services 
during the period of the Revolution. Prior to the opening of the 
Revolutionary struggle, during the Indian Wars of 1755-64, we 
meet him in the records of that day a prominent and influential 
man in the central part of the State. He seems to have been a 
man of large property. During the larger part of the Revolu- 
tionary conflict he served as a quartermaster-general of the army 
and was largely trusted by General Washington, who made his 
house his headquarters when in Carlisle. His letters, which 
may be found in the records of the State and of the general 
government, though pertaining to the commissary supplies 
of the American army, prove him to have been a man of ability 
and decision. Colonel Blaine had two sons, James and Robert. 
James married a member of the Lyon family, which numbers 
among its living members Rev. Dr. George A. Lyon, of Erie. 
James Gillespie Blaine, a grandson of Colonel E. Blaine, was 


born in Washington County, Pennsylvaina, in 1830; graduated 
at Washington College in 1847; adopted the profession of editor 
and having removed to Maine, edited the Kennebec Journal and 
Portland Advertiser for several years. He served four years in 
the Maine Legislature, two of which as Speaker of the House; 
and in 1862 he was elected a Representative from Maine to the 
Thirty-Eighth Congress, serving as a member of the committee 
on Post Offices and Post Roads. Re-elected to the Thirty- 
ninth Congress, serving on the Committee on Military Affairs 
and the Special Committee on the Death of President Lincoln, 
and as chairman of that on the Debts of the Loyal States. * 

One of the daughters of Robert Blaine, Rebecca, was the 
wife of Rev. J. Chamberlain, D. D., a distinguished divine of the 
Presbyterian church, the President successively of Center Col- 
lege, Kentucky, and of Oakland University, Mississippi. An 
interesting account is given of his life, labors, character and 
tragical death in Rev. Dr. Sprague's "Annals of the American 
Pulpit." A second daughter married Hon. Samuel Alexander, 
of Carlisle, who for many years was a leading lawyer and able 
jurist of Cumberland county court. Two or more brothers of 
Colonel Ephraim Blaine also resided in Cumberland county, 
but of their families we have but fragmentary knowledge. The 
Rev. Dr. Matthew Brown, at one time President of Jefferson 
College, Pennsylvania, and who was succeeded in the same 
office by his son. Rev. A. B. Brown, D. D.,and by his son-in-law, 
Rev. D. H. Riddle, D. D., was connected with this branch of the 
Blaine family by marriage. So also was Rev. Francis Herron, 
D. D., for many years the honored and beloved pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 

Note by the Editor — 

*James Gillespie Blaine was re-elected to the Fortieth Congress, serving 
on the Committee on Appropriations and Rules; was re-elected to the 
Forty-first Congress and made Speaker of the House, holding the same 
position during the Forty-Second and Forty-third Congresses; also re-elect- 
ed to the Forty-fourth Congress, from which he resigned to accept election 
as United States Senator from Maine; re-elected to Forty- fifth Congress as 
Senator from Maine. March 5, 1881, accepted appointment as Secretary 
of State in Cabinet of President Garfield, and resigned immediately follow- 
ing President Garfield's death. In 1884 was nominated for President of 
the United States on the Republican ticket. In March, 1889, accepted 
appointment as Secretary of State in Cabinet of President Harrison and 
resigned in June, 1892. Died in Washington City, 1893. 


* * * It would be a pleasure to recall personal incidents in 
the history of many who have passed away, but whose memory 
remains dear and honored with the living. Of the descendants 
of the original settlers in central Pennsylvania, scarcely one of 
the states south and west of New York has failed to receive 
some represenatives. Many of these families are now wholly 
unknown to each other. Families once large and promising 
have by the providence of God become nearly extinct, while 
others thrive and multiply in numbers. Moving westward 
and southward, they were the original settlers, in the main, of 
central Virginia, of central and western Carolina, of western 
Pennsylvania, of southern Ohio, and of large portions of Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee. A few families departed at the close of 
the century for the shores of Lake Erie on the north, leaving 
but one or two to linger in the region of the Susquehanna. 

This history would be incomplete if I did not refer to that 
greatest event of modern times and to the part our families 
bore in it — I refer to the late rebellion. 

Our earliest fathers passed through scenes that tried their 
souls and called out the highest heroism and self-sacrifice. 
They bore their part in the terrible war with Indian savages from 
1755 to 1764. They shared in the toils and sufferings and tri- 
umphs of the Revolutionary struggle that secured American 
independence. Not one of them was numbered among the 
Tories of that day. No one of them bears a dishonored name. 
They took part again in the war of 1812 along the shores of 
Lake Erie and in the valley of the Mississippi. 

When the late war for the severance of the American Union 
broke out, of those whose history is known to us, nearly to a 
man they ranged themselves against the rebellion and in favor 
of a perpetual Union. Their hearts were filled with loyal 
emotions. They contributed influence, money and men for 
their country's defense. They were with the armies of the west 
and of the east, and met the fortunes and hardships of war in 
nearly every one of the rebellious states. Some of them were 
among the first that answered the call of their country, and 
among the last to be disbanded when the rebellion had been 


We weep over some that fell, but it had been with bitterer 
tears had they faltered and turned back. We rejoice in the 
well- won honors of all, and thank them in the name of all our 
families, and in the name of their revolutionary sires who gave 
us the country which they have helped to preserve, for the luster 
of their patriotic record. 

From "Carlisle Old and New" 

Published by Civic Club of Carlisle. 

It is a matter of great regret that there is no portrait of Col- 
onel Ephraim Blaine, distinguished son of Carlisle, an eminent 
citizen and a devoted patriot. 

A child of wealth born in 1741, he was in the full flower of 
his manhood when the newly declared free and Independent 
States of America, being in imminent peril, needed and received 
that magnanimous support of personal service and private 
wealth that is indelibly associated with his name. It is stated 
that after saving the army from starvation in the awful winter 
of 1777-1778 he was made Commissary General of the entire 
Continental Army on the personal recommendation of his 
military chief and warm friend General Washington. 

These patriotic financial sacrifices greatly impaired his 
estate. The mansion at his beautiful country seat on the Conodo- 
quinet near the Cave has been destroyed by fire. It was 
here he spent the closing years of his life and here he died at 
the age of sixty-three. 

Strangely enough no memorial can be found to mark the 
final resting place of Ephraim Blaine, illustrious officer in the 
Revolutionary Army. 

From the History of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania 

Rev. Conway P. King, D. D., Historian. 
The place of rendezvous for the troops of Pennsylvania was 
at Carlisle, and there in October was mustered the full 
force which had been called for by the President. Cumberland 
county, in which the true spirit of patriotism had now regained 
full sway, gathered its complete quota of 363 men, including 
officers, which, with similar quotas from York, Lancaster and 


Franklin, were placed under the command of Brig. Gen. James 
Chambers of Franklin County. They were encamped on an 
extensive common near the town, said to have been admirably 
fitted for the purpose. On the first of October, Thomas Mifflin, 
the Governor of the State, arrived at Carlisle, and in the evening 
delivered an animated address in the Presbyterian church. On 
Saturday, the 3d of October, at 12 o'clock it was announced that 
the President was coming on the road from Philadelphia and 
Reading. Three battalions and the artillery paraded for his 
reception. A writer described the approach of "the beloved 
Washington in a traveling dress, attended by his secretary, 
Alexander Hamilton." As he passed our troops he pulled off his 
hat and in the most respectful manner bowed to the officers and 
men, and in this manner passed the line who were (as you may 
suppose) affected by the sight of their chief for whom each indi- 
vidual seemed to show the affectionate regard that would have 
been paid to an honored parent. As he entered the town the 
inhabitants seemed anxious to see this very great and good man, 
crowds were assembled in the streets, but their admiration was 
silent. The President passed to the front of the camp, where 
the troops were assembled in front of the tents; the line of 
artillery, horses and infantry appeared in the most perfect order, 
the greatest silence was observed. The spectacle was grand, 
interesting and affecting, every man as he passed along poured 
forth his wishes for the preservation of this most valuable of 
their fellow citizens. Here you might see the aged veteran, the 
mature soldier, and the zealous youth assembled in defense of 
that government which must (in turn) prove the protection of 
their persons, family and property. In the evening the court 
house was illuminated and a transparency was exhibited with 
the inscription in front, "Washington is ever triumphant," and 
on one side, "The reign of the laws," and on the other "Woe to 

The President remained at least seven days in Carlisle, the 
guest of Col. Ephraim Blaine, *and having his headquarters in 
the next house. Along with him, the members of his cabinet 
and Governor Mifflin, were many Senators and Representatives 
from Pennsylvania ; and these, together with the New Jersey and 


Eastern troops, formed a brilliant and numerous assemblage, 
such as our country had never before and has never since wit- 
nessed. The day after his arrival General Washington attended 
public worship, during which a discourse was preached by Dr. 

*In this final notice of this distinguished officer and pure patriot we 
take occasion to add some circumstances of interest concerning him. We 
had reason to suppose that he was the Lieutenant who so bravely defended 
Fort Ligonier in the Indian war. In his correspondence he frequently dated 
his letters from "Cave Middleton," by which he designated his beautiful 
seat on the Conodoquinet near the cave in Middleton Township, about a 
mile and a half north of Carlisle. He was born at Carlisle in 1741, and 
lived in wealth and refinement. But he was ready to sacrifice all at the 
call of his country. He was commissioned early in the war as a Colonel in 
the Pennsylvania line, but in 1778, was made Deputy Commissary General 
in the Middle Department, embracing several of the states. Here he was 
thrown much with Gen. Washington, whose counsel he shared. An officer 
of the present commissary department says that after saving the army from 
starvation in the awful winter of 1777, in the ensuing summer, on the re- 
signation of General Wads worth, he was made Commissary General of the 
entire continental army on the personal recommendation of General Wash- 
ington. This position he held until the close of the war. He was a man 
of large fortune, and the records show that during the Valley Forge winter, 
with the aid of his personal friends, he made an advance of $600,000 for 
the use of the patriot army. Millions upon millions passed through his 
hands without a suspicion of his purity and disinterestedness. His estate 
became impaired by his sacrifice but still remained ample. It was at his 
house that Washington lodged during the insurrection. He spent many of 
his winters in Philadelphia, where he was a distinguished member of the 
"Republican Court." His son James went abroad in 1791 as a merchant, 
and became an attache to the American embassy in Paris, but returned as 
the bearer of despatches connected with Jay's treaty. He was then called 
the most accomplished gentleman in Philadelphia, and died in Washington 
County, Pa., whither he removed after his father's death. His son Eph- 
raim was the father of James G., who was born in Washington County, 
removed to Maine, and is the present distinguished senator from that 
state. Ephraim Blaine's other son Robert married Anna S. Metzger, and 
resided on the paternal farm near the cave. Col. Ephraim Blaine's first 
wife was Rebecca Galbraith and his second was Mrs. Duncan, whose first 
husband fell in a duel. His descendants have intermarried with the 
Lyons, Metzgers, Alexanders, Hays, Gilchrists and Hendersons. His son 
owned a home near the pubUc square on the west side of North Hanover 
street in Carlisle. He died at his seat near Carlisle, February 16th, 1804, 
in the 63rd year of his age. 

PART 111 

As A great-grandson of Colonel Ephraim Blaine, I undertook 
for my own pleasure to compile a genealogy of the family 
of my illustrious ancestor, As the work progressed I found 
such intimate relations existing between it and the family of 
his brothers, Alexander and William, and his sister, Eleanor, 
that I have extended my work so as to embrace these families 
as well. While there are many omissions from the record, which 
I greatly regret, I can frankly say such omissions are not alto- 
gether because of lack of effort on my part to make the record 
complete in all particulars. 



Of the family of JAMES BLAINE, b. about 1715, d. 1792, and 
Isabella Blaine, his wife, both of Scotch-Irish descent, who 
came to America in 1745 and settled in Donegal Township, 
Pennsylvania. M. 2d, Elizabeth Carskaden. 

[NOTE — The numerals preceding individual names in the follow- 
ing Genealogy, denote: First, (large figures) Rank in father's 
family; Second, {small figures) Rank in generation beginning 
with James Blaine, emigrant ancestor.] 

V EPHRAIM BLAINE, b. 1741, d. 1804. M. 1765, Rebecca Galbraith, 
b. 1744, d. 1795. M. 2d, Sarah Elizabeth Postlethwaite Duncan, b. 
1759, d. 1850. 

Issue by First Marriage 

P James Blaine, b. 1766, d. 1832. M. 1791, Jane Hoge, b. 1769, d. 1793. 
M. 2d, 1795, Margaret Lyon, b. 1772, d. 1853. (See Eleanor Blaine 
and Samuel Lyon record.) 

Issue by First Marriage 
\* Child, b. 1793, d. in infancy. 

Issue by Second Marriage 

1< Ephraim Lyon Blaine, b. 1796, d. 1850. M. 1820, Maria Gillespie, 
b. 1801, d. 1871. 

1* James Blaine, b. 1821, d. 1822. 

2* Neal Gillespie Blaine, b. 1823, d. . M. 1847, Rebecca A. Officer, 

b. 1826, d. 1912. 


1« Margaret Blaine, b. 1848. M. 1871, William O. Wirt, b. 1843, d. 1916. 

1' Eleanor Blaine Wirt. 
2' Edward Blaine Wirt, b. 1882. 

2« WilHam Gillespie Blaine, b. 1850, d. 1859. 

3> Ephraim Lyon Blaine, b. 1825, d. 1850. 

4» Eliza Gillespie Blaine, b. 1827, d. 1885. M. 1845, Major Robert C. 
Walker, b. 1821, d. 1894. 


1« Mary Blaine Walker, b. 1846, d. 1871. 
2« Anna Craighead Walker, b. 1848, d. 1885. 
3« Stella Genevieve Walker, b. 1851, d. 1851. 
4« Ephraim Blaine Walker, b. 1852, d. 1883. 


5» Julia Heister Walker, b. 1855, d. 1898. M. 1878, Daniel W. Fisk. 
6« Margaret Blaine Walker, b. 1858. M. 1879, Orange James Salisbury. 


r Stella Julia Salisbury, b. 1880. M. Louis B. McCormick. 

2' Orange James Salisbury, b. 1882. M. Maria McGilwray. 

3' Robert Walker Salisbury, b. 1883. M. Genevieve McCormick. 

4' Blaine Gillespie Salisbury. 

7« Robert John Walker, b. 1860, d. 1891. 

8^ William Gillespie Walker, b. 1863, d. in infancy. 

9« James Blaine Walker, b. 1864. M. 1888, Mary C. Scannell. 


r James Blaine Walker, b. 1889. 

V Robert Willard Walker, b. 1891. 
y Helen Mary Walker, b. 1893. 

10« William Gillespie Walker II, b. 1868. M. 1893, Ann Letitia Wheat, 
b. 1870. 


V Robert Craighead Walker, b. 1894. 

V Ann Letitia Dunnington Walker, b. 1900. 
3^ Margaret Salisbury Walker, b. 1906. 

5« James Gillespie Blaine, b. 1830, d. 1893. M. 1850, Harriet Baily Stan- 
wood, b. 1828, d. 1903. 


1« Stanwood Blaine, b. 1851, d. 1854. 
2« Robert Walker Blaine, b. 1855, d. 1890. 

3« Emmons Blaine, b. 1857, d. 1892. M. 1889, Anita McCormick* 
b. 1866. 


V Emmons Blaine, b. 1890, d. 1918. M. 1917, Eleanor Gooding, b. 1893 


18 Anne Blaine, b. 1918. 

46 Alice Stanwood Blaine, b. 1860, d. 1890. M. 1883, Colonel J. J. Cop- 


1' James Gillespie Blaine Coppinger, b. 1883. 

V Conor Walter Blaine Coppinger, b. 1885. 

5« Margaret Isabella Blaine, b. 1865. M. 1890, Walter Damrosch. 


1' Alice Blaine Damrosch, b. 1892. M. 1914, Hall Pleasance Pennington. 

V Margaret Blaine Damrosch, b. 1895. 

V Leopoldine Blaine Damrosch, b. 1899. 
4' Anita Blaine Damrosch, b. 1903. 


6' James Gillespie Blaine, Jr., b. 1868. M. 1886, Margaret Nevins. M. 
3rd Mrs. Beryl Whitney Wheeler. 


V James Gillespie Blaine III, b. 1887. M. 1911, Marian Dow, b. 1888. 


18 Elizabeth Blaine, b. 1913. 

2« James Gillespie Blaine IV, b. 1915. 

?• Harriet Stan wood Blaine, b. 1871. M. 1894, Truxtun Beale. 


1' Walker Blaine Beale, b. 1896, d. 1918. 

6» Robert Gillespie Blaine, b. 1832, d. 1897. M. 1866, Rebecca A. Hicks. 


V Marie Adele Blaine, b. 1867. M. Thomas F. Mallan. 

2" Margaret Belle Blaine, b. 1869. M. Dr. Henry J. Crosson. 

3« Nina Beatrice Blaine, b. 1872. M. Charles F. Byrne. 

4« May Gillespie Blaine, b. 1874. M. Charles E. Lipscomb. 

5« Robert Gillespie Blaine, b. 1877. 

6^ Maude Virginia Blaine, b. 1881. M. Aubray Laraby Clarke. 

7' Francis Tiernan Blaine, b. 1835, d. 1840. 

8' Margaret Isabella Blaine, b. 1837, d. 1869. 

9' John Ewing Blaine, b. 1840, d. 1887. M. 1863, Alice Fenlon, b. 1842, 
d. 1894. 

1* James Fenlon Blaine, b. 1864. M. 1889, Annie Ellen Kelly, b. 1869. 


1' Miriam Blaine, b. 1902. 

2* Mary Louise Blaine, b. 1869. 

3« Eleanor Blaine, b. 1872. M. 1894, Randolph Y. Thompson, b. 1867, 
d. 1901. 

3* Eleanor Blaine, b. 1797, d. in infancy. 

4* George Blaine, b. 1798, d. in infancy. 

5* Jane Blaine, b. 1800, d. 1880. M.' 1827, William Sample, b. 1786, d. 


1» Isabella Reed Sample, b. 1828, d. 1830. 
2» Ellen Lyon Sample, b. 1830, d. 1833. 
3» EHza Ewing Sample, b. 1833. M. 1856, Franklin Malcom, b. 1833, 

d. 1884. 
4» James Blaine Sample, b. 1834, d. 1868. 
5' Mary Brown Sample. M. James Blaine Mason. (See Mason record.) 

6* Ellen Blaine, b. 1802, d. 1840. M. 1820, John Hoge Ewing, b. 1796. 
d. 1887. He M. 2d, 1845, Margaret C. Brown, d. 1890. 


Issue by First Marriage 
1' Margaret Blaine Ewing, b. 1822, d. 1901. M. 1848. William Albertson 
Hallock, M. D., b. 1818, d. 1871. 


1« WilUam Ewing Hallock, b. 1849. M. 1889, Isabella Hull McLean. 


1' WilUam Ewing Hallock, b. 1893. 

26 John Ewing Hallock, b. 1850, d. 1858. 

36 Harvey Totten Hallock, b. 1850. M. 1884, Ellen Wishart. 


V Margaret Ewing Hallock, b. 1886. 

2' John Wishart Hallock, b. 1888. M. 1914, Eva Jane White. 

3' William McLean Hallock, b. 1891. 

4' Harvey Totten Hallock, b. 1896, d. in infancy. 

4* Ellen Ewing Hallock, b. 1855. M. 1879, Rev. William Service Steen, 
d. 1914. 


1' Robert Service Steen, b. 1880, d. 1908. 

2^ John Ewing Steen, b. 1881. 

3' Margaret Hallock Steen, b. 1885. 

4' Mary Henry Steen, b. 1888. 

5'' Frances Hallock Steen, b. 1896. 

56 Fanny Lyon Hallock, b. 1861. 

2» WilHam Ewing, b. 1823, d. 1895. M. 1853, Isabella McC. Quail, 
b. 1824, d. 1883. 

16 Margaret Quail Ewing, b. 1854, d. in infancy. 
26 John Hoge Ewing, b. 1855, d. 1880. 
36 David Quail Ewing, b. 1855, d. 1900. 
46 William Brown Ewing, b. 1859. M. Inez Major, b. 1862, d. 1903. 


V Margaret Major Ewing, b. 1895. 
2^ Isabella Quail Ewing, b. 1901. 

56 Huston Quail Ewing, b. 1862, d. 1865. 

66 Samuel Blaine Ewing, b. 1865. M. 1897, Marian Lyford Styles. 


1' Lyford Blaine Ewing, b. 1897, d. 1904.. 
2' David Quail Ewing, b. 1902. 
3' Blaine Styles Ewing, b. 1905. 
36 James Blaine Ewing, b. 1825, d. 1836. 

4» Elizabeth Breading Ewing, b. 1827. M. 1852, Rev. William Speer, 
D. D., LL.D., b. 1822, d. 1904. 



1« John Ewing Speer, b. 1853, d. 1900. M. 1882, Cornelia Brackenridge 

1' Elizabeth Breading Speer. 
2« James Ramsey Speer, b. 1854, d. 1871. 
3« Henrietta Morrow Speer, b. 1856, d. 1916. 
4« Cornelia Margaret Speer, b. 1860, d. 1863. 
5* William Lowrie Speer, b. 1863, d. in infancy. 
6« Breading Speer, b. 1865, d. 1897. M. 1890, Frances Emma Wilson. 


V James Wilson Speer, b. 1892. 

2^ WiUiam Speer, b. 1893, d. 1903. 
3' Mary Leet Speer. 

5» George Ewing, b. 1829, d. 1909. M. 1894, Laura Creeser, b. 1856, d. 

6* Nathaniel Ewing, b. 1831, d. 1833. 
7» John Ewing, b. 1833, d. 1914. M. 1867, EHzabeth Marshall. 


1« Susan Marshall Ewing, b. 1868. 

2* Ellen Ewing, b. 1869, d. in infancy. 

3* Gertrude Schoonmaker Ewing, b. 1872. M. 1897, James Russell. 


V Elizabeth Ogden Russell. 
2' John Ewing Russell. 

3^ Caroline Russell. 

4« Preston B. Ewing, b. 1874. 

5« Martha P. Ewing, b. 1876. M. 1897, Robert Carson, Jr. 


1' Robert Carson III. 

6« Matilda B. Ewing, b. 1878, d. 1914. M. Ralph G. Kennedy. 


1^ John Ewing Kennedy. 

2' Ralph Grant Kennedy, Jr. 

3' Miriam Elizabeth Kennedy. 

7« Elizabeth Marshall Ewing, b. 1880. M. 1904, John W. MacMiller. 


1' John Walton MacMiller. 
8« John Hoge Ewing, b. 1881. 

8* Mary Lyon Ewing, b. 1835, d. 1904. M. 1863, Rev. Henry Woods, 
D. D., d. 1916. 



1« Margaret Ewing Woods, b. 1864. M. 1892, Rev. William Beeson Ham- 


V Mary Louise Hamilton, b. 1894. 
2« Mary Neal Woods, b. 1866. 

3« John Ewing Woods, b. 1867. M. 1902, Mary Morgan Reed. 
4« Sarah Wilson Woods, b. 1869, d. 1875. 
5« Andrew Alfred Woods, b. 1872, d. 1875. 
6^ Ehzabeth Speer Woods, b. 1875, d. in infancy. 

7« Francis Henry Woods, b. 1877. M. 1919, Alethia Baird Weatherby. 
96 Ann Ellen Ewing, b. 1837, d. 1849. 
IC* James Blaine Ewing II, b. 1839, d. 1844. 

11' Samuel Blaine Ewing, b. 1840, d. 1915. M. 1868, Matilda Battell 
MarshaU, b. 1847, d. 1892. 


P Margaret Hallock Ewing, b. 1869, d. 1900. M. 1888, Matthew Harbi- 
son Stevenson. 


V Marguerite Louise Stevenson, b. 1893. 

2^ WilUam Marshall Ewing, b. 1873, d. 1913. M. Katherine Cassey Kates. 
3« Henry Woods Ewing, b. 1876, M. 1902, Grace Emily Morse, b. 1879. 

1' Marshall Morse Ewing, b. 1903, d. 1910. 
2' William Morse Ewing, b. 1908. 
3' Robert Morse Ewing, b. 1912. 

Issue by Second Marriage 

12' Clara Bascom Ewing, b. 1846, d. in infancy. 

13' Florence Bell Ewing, b. 1858. 

7* Robert Blaine, b. 1803, d. 1805. 

8* James Blaine, Jr., b. 1805, d. 1848. M. 1833, Zoe de Villemont. 

9* William Hoge Blaine, b. 1807, d. 1840. 

10* Samuel Lyon Blaine, b. 1809, d. 1883. M. 1840, Anna Coons, b. 1819, 
d. 1899. 


1' Ellen Ewing Blaine, b. 1841, d. 1916. M. 1864, Gen'l. James L. Bots- 
ford, b. 1834, d. 1898, 


1' Anna Blaine Botsford, b. 1864, d. 1866. 

2« EUa Kirtland Botsford, b. 1869. M. 1889, Frederick H. Wick, b. 1865. 


V Alma Wick, b. 1889. M. 1914, Commander Elmer Wayne Tod. 



1« Alma Wayne Tod, b. 1915. 

2« Frederick Wick Tod, b. 1916. 

3* James Lawrence Botsford, b. 1875, d. 1913. 

2» Eliza Coons Blaine, b. 1842, d. 1897. M. 1862, John Claypool, b. 1833. 


16 Samuel Blaine Claypool, b. 1864, d. 1904. M. 1886, Dorothy Richards, 
b. 1862. 


V George Westerman Claypool, b. 1895. M. 

26 John Blayney Claypool, b. 1869. M. 1897, Minnie E. Adams. 

3^ George Lawrence Claypool, b. 1871. M. 1901, Mary Charlotte Caro- 

thers, b. 1880. 
46 James Botsford Claypool, b. 1876. M. 1895, Belle Montgomery, 

b. 1879. M. 2d, 1908, Anzoletta Saunders, b. 1880. 

Issue by First Marriage 
1' Blaine Montgomery Claypool, b. 1902. 

Issue by Second Marriage 
1' John Burford Claypool, b. 1910. 
2' Pearl H. Claypool, b. 1911. 

36 John Ewing Blaine, b. 1845. M. 1871, Nannie Chamberlain McGrana- 
ghan, b. 1850, d. 1918. 


16 William McGranaghan Blaine, M. D., b. 1872. 

26 John Ewing Blaine, Jr., b. 1876. M. 1906, Margaret Andrews Bassett, 
b. 1881. 


r John Ewing Blaine III, b. 1907. 

2^ George Bassett Blaine, b. 1911. 

3' WiUiam McGranaghan Blaine II, b. 1914. 

3* Anna Coons Blaine. 

46 Malnor Coons Blaine, b. 1846, d. 1896. M. 1874, Mary Phister, 
b. 1848, d. 1897. 


16 Mary Phister Blaine, b. 1885, d. 1896. 

56 Charles Coons Blaine, b. 1850, M. 1875, Willie Aline Ruffner, b. 1849, 
d. 1917. 


16 Joel Ruffner Blaine, b. 1876, d. in infancy. 

26 Samuel Lyon Blaine, b. 1878, d. in infancy. 

36 Anna Coons Blaine, b. 1879. M. 1910, Lynwood S. Connell. 

1' Lynwood Blaine Connell, b. 1914. 


4« Marye Ruffner Blaine, b. 1882. 

5« Ephraim Robert Blaine, b. 1883. M. 1910, Isabel Robertson. 


1' Isabel Blaine, b. 1912. 

2^ Jane Ruffner, Blaine, b. 1914. 

3^ Robert Willard Blaine, b. 1918. 

6* Charles Augustus Blaine, b. 1885. M. 1911, May Ethel Robertson. 


1' Charles Augustus Blaine, Jr., b. 1915. 

7« David Lewis Blaine, b. 1887, d. 1889. 

6' George James Blaine, b. 1853, d. 1854. 

76 William Hoge Blaine, b. 1855. M. 1886, Fannie O. White. 

8* Ephraim Robert Blaine, b. 1858, d. 1911. M. 1884, Fanny Browning 

9* Samuel Lyon Blaine, Jr., b. 1862, d. 1910. 

11< Ann Lyon Blaine, b. 1812, d. 1891. M. 1842, Rev. James Dinsmore 
Mason, b. 1812, d. 1890. 


P James Blaine Mason, b. 1844. M. 1870, Mary Brown Sample. 


16 Hugh Sample Mason, b. 1871. M. 1905, Margaret Leeston Smith, b, 

2« Anna Blaine Mason, b. 1875. M. 1907, Edwin McAfee Haldeman, 
b. 1876. 

3« Jane Sample Mason, b. 1877, d. 1879. 

4* James Dinsmore Mason, b. 1880. 

2" Sarah Ellen Mason, b. 1845, d. 1849. 

3* Thomas Stockton Mason, b. 1848, d. 1862. 

4'' Margaret Blaine Mason, b. 1850, d. 1889. M. 1872, William La Ven- 
ture, b. 1844. 


16 Mary Belle La Venture, b. 1873. M. 1892, Ralph Warren Cram, 
b. 1869. 


V Herbert Mason Cram, b. 1893, d. 1899. 

2' Eloise Blaine Cram, b. 1896. 

3' Margaret Cram, b. 1900. 

4^ Mary Deming Cram, b. 1903. 

5' Ralph LaVenture Cram, b. 1906. 

2« Margaret Baily La Venture, b. 1874. M. 1910, WilHam Henry Her- 
rick, b. 1855. 

1^ Margaret Elizabeth Herrick b. 1911. 


3' William Mason" La Venture, b. 1875. M. 1898, Bessie Anderson, Bur- 
rows, b. 1873. 


V Mildred La Venture, b. 1901. 

2' William Burrows La Venture, b. 1905. 
4* Anna Blaine La Venture, b. 1882. 
5* Amy Catherine La Venture, b. 1884. 

5« Anna Belle Mason, b. 1853, d. 1912. M. 1875, Robert Hunter Nott, 
b. 1850. 


V Benjamin Blaine Nott, b. 1876. 

2« Elizabeth Dinsmore Nott, b. 1878. 

3« Susan Benedict Nott, b. 1881. M. 1908, Hugh Cassell Barr, b. 1879. 


V Hugh Nott Barr, b. 1912. 

4« Lilly Garrett Nott, b. 1888. M. 1913, Clarence M. Cochrane, b. 1881. 

6» John Burrows Mason, b. 1856. M. 1875, JuHette Elizabeth Slack, 
b. 1856. 

1* Anna Luella Mason, b. 1876. 
2« Margaret Belle Mason, b. 1878. M. 1903, Philip Viele Janes, M. D. 


1' Hector Mason Janes, b. 1904. 

2' Mary Elizabeth Janes, b. 1907. 

3« John Pierpont Mason, b. 1881. M. 1908, Stella H. Elliott. 


1' Jane Elizabeth Mason, b. 1910. 

2' John Elliott Mason, b. 1912. 

4« Emilie Blaine Mason, b. 1886. M. 1911, John Scott Hamilton. 


V John Scott Hamilton, Jr., b. 1912. 
23 Rebecca Blaine, b. 1767, d. 1769. 

33 Robert Blaine, b. 1769, d. 1826. M. 1791, Anna Susanna Metzger, 
b. 1772, d. 1853. 


1* Rebecca Blaine, b. 1792, d. 1836. M. 1818, Rev. Jeremiah Chamber- 
lain, D. D., b. 1794, d. 1861— He M. 2d, Catherine Metzger. 


1' Susan Chamberlain. 
2* Mary Chamberlain. 
3« Ellen Chamberlain. 


4* Martha Chamberlain. 

5^ Clarissa Chamberlain. 

6^ John Chamberlain. 

2^ Anna S. Blaine, b. 1795, d. 1877. M. 1820, Samuel Alexander. 


P Robert Alexander, d. in infancy. 

25 Jane Byers Alexander, b. 1825, d. 1891. M. 1856, James Wilson Hen- 
derson, b. 1824, d. 1880. 


1* Samuel Alexander Henderson, b. 1858, d. 1886. 
2« William Miller Henderson, b. 1864. 
3* Ephraim Blaine, M. D., b. 1796, d. 1835. 

4* EUinor Blaine, b. 1798, d. 1839. M. Levi Wheaton, b. 1796, d. 1824. 
M. 2d, 1831, John Hays, b. 1794, d. 1854. 

Issue by First Marriage 
1* Ellen Blaine Wheaton. 
2* Mary Blaine Wheaton. 

Issue by Second Marriage 

1' Robert Blaine Hays, b. 1831, d. 1865. 

25 Mary Wheaton Hays, b. 1835, d. 1898. M. 1855, Richard Oden Mul- 
likin, b. 1827. 


1« Sophia Margaret MuUikin, b. 1855. 

2* Richard Hays MuUikin, d. in infancy. 

3* Oden MuUikin, d. in infancy. 

35 John Hays, b. 1837. M. 1865, Jane Van Ness Smead. 


1* Anna Alexander Hays, b. 1867. 

26 John Hays, b. 1869, d. 1870. 

3« Elizabeth Smead Hays, b.l871. M.1894,John Chalmers DeCosta, Jr, . 
b. 1871. 


1' Meigs De Costa, b. 1895, d. in infancy. 

2^ John Chalmers De Costa, b. 1896. 

3^ Jane Van Ness De Costa, b. 1898. 

4« George Metzger Hays, b. 1873. M. 1902, Helen Adele Hooker. 


V John Hays, Jr., b. 1903. 

2' Ephraim Blaine Hays, b. 1906. 

56 Raphael Smead Hays, b. 1875. M. 1902, Elizabeth Lindsay Gardner. 


r Edward Gardner Hays, b. 1903. 


2^ Jane Van Ness Hays, b. 1907. 

3' Ann Gordon Hays, b. 1910. 

6« EUinor Blaine Hays, b. 1884. 

5* Mary Blaine, b. 1800, d. 1887. M. 1832, Rev. Adam Gilchrist. 


1' Son, d. in infancy. 

2* Susan Blaine Gilchrist, b. 1834, d. 1859. 
3» Hester Maria Gilchrist, b. 1836, d. 1838. 

45 Fanny Perry Gilchrist, b. 1838, d. 1901. M. 1859, John McNair Baker, 
b. 1821, d. 1892. 


1« Susan Gilchrist Baker, b. 1860. M. 1882, Robert Harrison Jones. 

1^ James McNair Jones, b. 1863, d. in infancy. 
2' Robert Harrison Jones, Jr., b. 1884. M. 1910, Kate Waldo. 


1' Abbegence Waldo Jones, b. 1912. 

28 Robert Harrison Jones III, b. 1913. 

3s Nancy Waldo Jones, b. 1915. 

4' Slaton Martin Jones, b. 1916. 

3' Francis Gilchrist Jones, b. 1886. M. 1911, Lucia Brock Jeter. 


1* Susan Baker Jones, b. 1912. 

4' Joseph Maybank Jones, b. 1888, d. 1908. 

5' James Baker Jones, b. 1893. M. 1912, Ethel Almand. 


1« Ethel Almand Jones, b. 1913. 

2' James Baker Jones, b. 1915. 

2« Fannie Gilchrist Baker, b. 1862. M. 1883, John N. C. Stockton. 


1' William Tennent Stockton, b. 1887. M. 1918, Nell Waldo. 


18 WiUiam Tennent Stockton, Jr., b. 1918. 

'2' Gilchrist Baker Stockton, b. 1890. 
3' Frances Baker Stockton, b. 1892. M. 1911, J. Walker Godwin. 

1' Frances Stockton Godwin, b. 1914. 
4^ Margeret Stockton, b. 1894. M. 1915, John Henry Blount. 



1* Margaret Stockton Blount, ). ■ u irn^ 
2« Jean Stockton Blount, j twins, b. 1916. 

5' Jean Stockton, b. 1896. M. 1917, Herman E. Ulmer. 

6' Julia Telfair Stockton, b. 1901. 

3* Adam Gilchrist Baker, b. 1863, d. in infancy. 

4* James McCallum Baker, b. 1865, d. in infancy. 

5« William Hoge Baker, b. 1868. M. 1895, Kate Le Grand Graves. 


1' Edward Le Grand Graves Baker, b. 1896, d. 1900. 

2^ James McCallum Baker, b. 1897. 

6* James Duncan Baker, b. 1870. 

7« Robert Alexander Baker, b. 1874. M. 1901, Blanche Porter. 


1' Frances Clementine Baker, b. 1904. 

2' Helen Virginia Baker, b. 1907. 

3^ Francis Gilchrist Baker, b. 1909. 

6* James Blaine, b. 1801, d. 1803. 

7* Jane Blaine, b. 1804, d. 1806. 

8* Isabella Blaine, b. 1806, d. in infancy. 

53 Seui'siaine, | *^^^^' ^- ^'^^^' ^- ^^ ^"^^^^y- 
6' Elizabeth Blaine, b. 1771, d. in infancy. 

Issue by Second Marriage 

P Ephraim Blaine, Jr., b. , d. in infancy. 



P Mary Blaine, b. 1784, d. 1818. M. 1804, Rev. Matthew Brown, D. D., 
b. 1776, d. 1853. 


1* Ehzabeth Brown, b. 1806, d. 1858. M. 1828, Rev. David Hunter 
Riddle, D. D., b. 1805, d. 1888. 

1» Susan Nourse Riddle, b. 1834, d. 1916. 

2» Rev. Matthew Brown Riddle, D. D., b. 1836, d. 1916. M. 1862, Anna 
Walther, b. 1845. 


1« Mary Moorhead Riddle, b. 1865. M. 1881, Rt. Rev. Herman Page. 


V Herman Page, Jr., b. 1882. 


2« Walther Riddle, b. 1873. 

3« Susanne Riddle, b. 1874. M. Russell Sturgis Paine. 

3» Katherine Burton Riddle, b. 1839, d. 1911. M. 1862, Guysbert Bogart 


1« Elizabeth Riddle Vroom, b. 1864. M. 1885, Rev. William W. Jordan, 
D. D. 


V Guysbert Bogart Vroom Jordan, b. 1886. 
2' Arthur Stanwood Jordan. 

4» EHzabeth Riddle, b. 1844. M. 1867, Rev. Meade Creighton Williams, 
D. D. 


1" David Riddle Williams, b. 1869. M. Olive Brooks. 


1^ Brooks Williams. 

2^ Elizabeth Riddle Williams. 

2« Jesse Lynch Williams, b. 1871. M. Alice Laidlaw. 


1' Henry Meade Williams. 

2' Jesse Lynch Williams, Jr. 

3^ Laidlaw Williams. 

36 Tyrrel WilUams, b. 1875. M. Nell Niedringhouse. 


1' Meade Williams, b. 1912. 

46 Susan Creighton Williams, b. 1877. M. V. Nott Porter. 


1' Valentine Porter, b. 1915. 

5* Burton Williams, b. 1882. 

5* Rev. David Hoge Riddle, b. 1846, d. 1912. 

6« Henry Alexander Riddle, b. 1849. M. 1874, Martha Granford Hunter. 


1« Martha Hunter Riddle, b. 1875, d. 1876. 

2« Elizabeth Brown Riddle, b. 1877. 

36 David Hunter Riddle, b. 1879. 

4« Edmund Hunter Riddle, b. 1881. M. Mary Blanche Bard. 

56 Henry Alexander Riddle, Jr., b. 1885. M. Frances King Ritchie. 


V Lindsay Ritchie Riddle, b. 1914. 
2' Martha Elizabeth Riddle, b. 1916. 
6' Robert Forest Riddle, b. 1890. 


2* Alexander Blaine Brown, D. D., b. 1808, d. 1863. M. 1833, Elizabeth 
Finley Nevins, b. 1811, d. 1897. 


P John Nevins Brown, b. 1836, d. 1905. M. 1869, Mary Bell Van Ewan, 
b. 1850, d. 1911. 

1^ Samuel Van Ewan Brown, d. in infancy. 
2* EUzabeth Nevins Brown, d. in infancy. 
36 Marcia Brown, M. 1896, Rev. R. H. Coulter. 


1" Nevins Brown Coulter. 

4« Mamie Brown, b. 1881. 

5« Blanche N. Brown, b. 1886. 

3^ Henry Hoffman Brown, b. 1838, d. 1898. M. 1869, Ella M. Sweeney. 


1" Alexander Blaine Brown, b. 1870. M. 1906. Alma Park. 

2* Sarah Roberts Brown, b. 1872. M. 1905, Frank J. Gillespie. 


1* Franklin B. Gillespie. 

3* Alice J. Brown, b. 1874, d. 1894. 

4* Harry H. Brown, b. 1878, d. 1913. 

5» Elizabeth N. Brown, b. 1881, d. 1913. 

6* William F. Brown, b. 1885. 

7* Mary Houston Brown, b. 1889. 

4^ William Ferguson Brown, b. 1842, M. 1874, Mary Houston. 

5" Mary Blaine Brown, b. 1847. ^ 

6^ Alexander Blaine Brown, b. 1850. 

7* Matthew Brown, b. 1853, d. 1876. 

8* David Finley Brown, b. 1855. M. 1884, EUzabeth Caldwell, d. 1887. 
M. 2d, 1899, Carrie Roland. 


1' Elizabeth Ruth Brown. 

2' Elizabeth Blaine. M. Rev. Francis Herron, D. D., b. 1774, d. 1860. 


1* Eliza Herron. M. George Shiras. 


1^ Francis H. Shiras. 
2* George Shiras. M. 

1« George Shiras III, b. 1859. M. Frances White, b. 1866. 


V Ellen W. Shiras, b. 1886. 


2' George P. Shiras, b. 1890. 

26 Winfield K. Shiras, b. 1860. M. Clara Childs, b. 1872. 


1' Winfield K. Shiras, Jr., b. 1900. 

2' Ann McD. Shiras, b. 1903. 

3' Oliver Shiras. 

2* Mary Herron. M. Rev. John M. Smith. 

3* Jane Herron. M. Rev. Aaron Williams. 


1' James Herron Williams. 

2' Frances Herron Williams. 

3'' Elizabeth Herron Williams. M. Lewis H. Stewart. 

1' Isabella H. Stewart. 
2* Lewis H. Stewart, Jr. 
4' James Addison Williams. 
5' Mary Herron Williams. M. D. Leet Wilson, b. 1840, d. 1916. 


1' Harriet Preble Wilson. M. Thomas Patterson. 


1^ Robert Lee Patterson. 

2* Luther Halsey Wilson. M. Martha O. Cook. 

4* John Herron. 

5* Rebecca Herron. 

6* Isabel Herron. M. William Hoge. 


1' William Hoge, Jr. 

3' Ephraim A. Blaine., d. 1826. M. 1816, Elizabeth Scull. 


1* John Scull Blaine, b. 1819, d. 1898. 
2* Edward Scull Blaine. 



1' Mary (Polly) Blaine, b. 1773, d. 1837. M. 1798, Samuel McCord, 
b. 1770, d. 1825. 


\* Mary Ann McCord, b. 1 798. 
2* William McCord, b. 1799. 


3* John Linn McCord, b. 1802, d. 1802. 

4* Samuel McCord, b. 1803, d. 1832. 

5* Isabel McCord, b. 1805. 

6* Elizabeth Thompson McCord, b. 1807, d. 1840. 

7* Ephraim Blaine McCord, b. 1810, d. 1828. 

8^ James McCord, b. 1812, d. 1834. 

9* Alexander McCord, b. 1814, d. 1817. 

2' Alexander T. Blaine, b. 1776, d. 1817. M. Rosanna McCord, b. 1779, 
d. 1830. 


1< Margaret M. Blaine, b. 1798, d. 1858. M. James Mills. 


1* Royal A. B. Mills. M. Eliza Neeley. 


I* Frederick Mills. 

2« James Mills. 

3« Jennie Mills. 

2* Mary Mills. M. Harvey D. Selkregg. 


P James M. Selkregg. 

2« Harriet M. Selkregg. 

3^ Leslie Selkregg. 

4* George Selkregg. 

3^ Margaret Mills. M. William Selkregg. 


P William Selkregg. 

2* Royal Selkregg. 

4* John Marcellus Mills. M. Maranna Haynes. 


1« Royal J. Mills. 

2^ Florence M. Mills. 

3« Frank Mills. 

46 John M. Mills. 

5* Anna J. Mills. 

6« Burton C. Mills. 

2* Nancy B. Blaine, b. 1800. M. William Crawford. 


1^ Alexander Blaine Crawford. M. Mary Simons. 


1* Charles Crawford. 


2^ Rose Crawford. 

3' Harriet Crawford. 

4^ Bertha Crawford. 

5^ Annie Crawford. 

6* William Blaine Crawford. 

25 Thomas Childs Crawford. M. Ruth Wilcox. 


1* Minnie Crawford. 

26 William Crawford. 
3^ Albert Crawford. 
4" Frank Crawford. 
5« Ella M. Crawford. 

3' Rosanna Mary Crawford. 

4* William Alexander Crawford. M. Sophie Caughey. 


1® Kate Crawford. 

26 Miles C. Crawford. 

5* Harriet Newel Crawford. 

6* James Blaine Crawford. 

7* Josephine Crawford. M. Nelson Mills. 


1« Maud B. Mills. 
2* Jessie J. Mills. 
36 Nannie A. Mills. 
46 Beth C. Mills. 

3* Mary (Polly) Blaine, b. 1802, d. 1865. M. Joseph Young Moorhead, 
b. 1795, d. 1880. 


1» Rosanna J. Moorhead, b. 1825, d. 1893. M. John W. McLane, b. 1820, 
d. 1862. 


16 Mary M. McLane, b. 1858. M. William Parsons. 
26 Jessie McLane, b. 1860. M. Theodore Bruback. 
36 Rose McLane, b. 1862. M. Arthur Frazier. 

2" Margaret Mills Moorhead, b. 1827, d. 1872. M. Samuel Tate Moor- 
head, b. 1827. 

3^ Mary Robinson Moorhead, b. 1831, d. 1865. M. John B. Moorhead, 
b. 1829. 

4* Joseph Alexander Moorhead, b. 1834. 

5' Nancy Crawford Moorhead, b. 1838. M. George Perkins, M. D. 
b. 1831, d. 1865. 

66 Matilda Neeley Moorhead, b. 1841. M. Benjamin C. Crary. 

7' Caroline Josephine Moorhead, b. 1847. M. WilUam Oxtoby. 

4< Ephraim W. M. Blaine, b. 1804, d. 1858. M. Eliza Smedley. 



P William A. Blaine. 

2* Emma Blaine. M. Henry A. Froos. 

36 Arthur E. Blaine. 

4* Alexander T. Blaine. 

5* Anna Blaine. 

6' Pierce C. Blaine. 

5* WiUiam A. Blaine, b. 1807, d. 1851. M. Martha Hall, d. 1852. 

6^ James Blaine, b. 1809. M. Lucinda Crary. 


1= William C. Blaine. M. Caroline Gilmore. 

2* Mary Rose Blaine. M. Isaac Case. 

3* Joseph A. Blaine. 

4^ Isabel D. Blaine. 

5^ Margaret M. Blaine. 

6* James Blaine. 

7^ Frank Blaine. 

8^ Willis Blaine. 

9^ Caroline Blaine. 

7^ Alexander W. Blaine, b. 1812, d. 1878. M. 1842, Sarah A. Piatt, 
b. 1820, d. 1867. M. 2d, Elizabeth Veech, b. 1833, d. 1911. 

Issue by First Marriage 

P Alice Elizabeth Blaine, b. 1843. M. 1874, William Andrew Robinson, 
b. 1830, d. 1902. 


V Alice Robinson, b. 1876. 

2" Alexander Blaine Robinson, b. 1878. M. 1912, Jane Boyd Hill. 


1' Elizabeth Jane Robinson, b. 1914. 
2' Alice Blaine Robinson, b. 1915. 

3"= William Andrew Robinson III, b. 1880. M. 1907, Emma Chambers 


V Anica Barlow Robinson, b. 1907. 

2' William Andrew Robinson IV, b. 1909. 

3' David Robinson, b. 1914. 

2' George Whiteside Blaine, b. 1849. M. Anna Hampson. 

1« Ruth Blaine, b. 1877, d. 1879. 
35 Mary Rose Blaine, b. 1852, d. 1912. M. 1872, Joseph McCord, d. 1913, 


16 Florence Blaine McCord, b. 1874. 


2« Ruth Alice McCord, b. 1881. 

8^ Isabel A. Blaine, b. 1814. M. Thomas Dickson. 


1* Alexander T. Dickson. M. Julia Rosier. 

9* Joseph T. Blaine, b. 1817, d. 1844. M. Adele Freeman. 

3' Isabella Blaine. M. 1808, William Anderson. 


1^ William Anderson. 

2* Alexander Blaine Anderson. 

3* Margaret Anderson. 

4* Rebecca Anderson. 

5^ John B. Anderson. 

4^ William Blaine. 

5' Ephraim Blaine. 

6^ James Armstrong Blaine. 

4* ELEANOR BLAINE. M. Samuel Lyon. 


V Margaret Lyon, M. James Blaine, b. 1766. Son of Col. Ephraim 

Blaine. (For further record see James Blaine P.) 
2^ Isabella Lyon. M. William Hoge. M. 2d, Alexander Reed 
3^ John Lyon. 
4' Nancy Lyon. 
5^ Rebecca Lyon. M. James McPherson Russell. 


1* Alexander Lyon Russell. M. Caroline Jane King. M. 2d, Elizabeth 

1' James McPherson Russell. 
2' Ellen Russell. M. John Craig Harvey. 
3* Rebecca Lyon Russell. 
4' Son. d. in infancy. 
5' Caroline Russell. 
6* Elizabeth King Russell. M. WilUam Ross. 


1* Russell Ross. 

2" Janet Ross. 

7' William King Russell. 

8* Maria Paxton Russell. 

9' Alexander Lyon Russell. 


10» Kate Curtin Russell. 

11* Ida Russell. 

12* Fisher Russell. 

2< Ellen Blaine Russell. M. Robert Milligan. 


1* Alexander Reed Milligan. 

2* Isabella Reed Milligan, d. 1918. M. Benjamin L. Coleman, M. D., 
d. 1916. 


1^ Eleanor Russell Coleman. M. 1918, Meredith Johnston. 

2* Son, d. in infancy. 

3« Robert Milligan Coleman. M. Elsie StoU. 


1" Willy Cromwell Coleman. 

3* Samuel Lyon Russell. M. Nannie Reamer. M. 2d, Emily Robert, 

1' James Christian RusseU. 

V' Nannie Rebecca Russell. M. J. H. Longenecker. 


1* Samuel RusseU Longenecker. 

2^ Ralph Longenecker. 

3^ Charles Longenecker. 

3* Montgomery Longenecker Russell. M. Mary Van Meter. 


1* Samuel Lyon Russell. 

4^ EUza Morehead Russell. 

5^ Isabella Reed Russell. 

6* Emily Florence Russell. 

7* Eleanor Lyon Russell. 

8* Samuel Lyon Russell. 

4^ Anne Lyon Russell. M. James King, M. D. 

1* Winslow Dudley King. 
2^ James Russell King. 
3* John Lyon King. 
4* Annie Lyon King. M. William Scott. 


1* James King Scott. 

2* Eleanor Scott. 

3* John Scott. 

46 WilUam Scott. 


5^ Euphemia Bake well King. 

5^ John Lyon Russell. M. Elizabeth Snowden Ogden. 


1^ Ogden Russell. 

2^ Lyon Russell. 

3* Blaine Russell. 

4* Caroline O'Fallon Russell. 

5* James McPherson Russell. 

6^ James Russell. 

7^ Algernon Sidney Russell. 

8^ William Hoge Russell. M. Effie McElheron Shriver. 


1^ Jacob Shriver Russell. 

2* James McPherson Russell. 

3* Effie Shriver Russell. M. Thomas P. Anschutz. 

4* Nannie Lyon Russell. M. Eugene Hildreth. 

5* Eliza Sprigg Russell. 

9* Mary McPherson Russell. M. Frederick Benedict. 


P Effie Russell Benedict. 

2* John Pierre Benedict. 

6^ ' Samuel Lyon. M. Nancy Campbell. 







Adams, President John 45 

Adams, Minnie E 85 

Alexander, Captain 36 

Alexander, Jane Byers 88 

Alexander, Robert 88 

Alexander, Samuel 88 

Allison, Rev. Francis, D. D. .7, 22 

Almand, Ethel 89 

Amherst, General 10 

Anderson, Alexander Blaine ... 97 

Anderson, John B 97 

Anderson, Margaret 97 

Anderson, Rebecca 97 

Anderson, William 97 

Anderson, William 97 

Anschutz, Thomas P 99 

Armstrong, Genl. John 17, 18 

20, 22, 50 
Armstrong, Margaret 17, 18 


Baker, Adam Gilchrist 90 

Baker, Edward LeGrand 

Graves 90 

Baker, Fannie Gilchrist 89 

Baker, Frances Clementine. ... 90 

Baker, Frances Gilchrist 90 

Baker, Helen Virginia 90 

Baker, James McCallum 89 

Baker, James McCallum II .... 90 

Baker, James Duncan 90 

Baker, John McNair 89 

Baker, Robert Alexander 90 

Baker, Susan Gilchrist 89 

Baker, Wilham Hoge 90 

Bard, Mary Blanche 91 

Barr, Hugh Cassell 87 

Barr, Hugh Nott 87 

Bassett, Margaret Andrews ... 85 

Beale, Truxtun 81 

Beale, Walter Blaine 81 

Bell, William 40, 41 

Benedict, Ella Russell 99 

Benedict, Frederick 99 

Benedict, John Pierre 99 

Blaine, Agnes 90 

Blaine, Alexander. . . 36, 37, 39, 90 

Blaine, Alexander 90 

Blaine, Alexander T 94 

Blaine, Alexander T 96 

Blaine, Alexander W 96 

Blaine, Alice Elizabeth 96 

Blaine, Alice Stanwood 80 

Blaine, Ann Lyon 86 

Blaine, Anna 96 

Blaine, Anna Coons 85 

Blaine, Anna Coons 85 

Blaine, Anna S 88 

Blaine, Anne 80 

Blaine, Arthur E 96 

Blaine, Caroline 96 

Blaine, Charles Augustus 86 

Blaine, Charles Augustus Jr. . 86 

Blaine, Charles Coons 85 

Blaine, David Lewis 86 

Blaine, Edward Scull 93 

Blaine, Eleanor. .19, 39, 50, 79, 97 

Blaine, Eleanor 59, 81 

Blaine, Eleanor 81 

Blaine, Eleanor ; 81 

Blaine, Eleanor 97 

Blaine, Eliza Coons 85 

Blaine, Eliza Gillespie 79 

Blaine, Elizabeth 90 

Blaine, EUzabeth 92 

Blaine, Elizabeth 81 

Blaine, Ellen 81 

Blaine, Ellen Ewing 84 

Blaine, Ellinor 88 

Blaine, Emma 96 

Blaine, Emmons 80 

Blaine, Emmons Jr 80 

Blaine, Colonel Ephraim 1, 2, 7, 8 
9, 10, 11, 13, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22 
24, 25, 26, 27, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35 
36, 38, 40,41, 42, 44,48, 50, 51 
52, 53, 60 

Public Services 38 

Genealogy 79, 97 

Blaine, Ephraim, Jr 52, 90 

Blaine, Ephraim, M. D 88 

Blaine, Ephraim 97 

Blaine, Ephraim A 93 

Blaine, Ephraim Lyon, 57, 59, 79 
Blaine, Ephraim Lyon, Jr . . . . 79 

Blaine, Ephraim Robert 86 

Blaine, Ephraim Robert 86 

Blaine, Ephraim W. M 95 

Blaine, Francis Tieman 81 

Blaine, Frank 96 

Blaine, George 81 

Blaine, George Bassett 85 

Blaine, George James 86 

Blaine, George Whitesides .... 96 

Blaine, Harriet Stanwood 81 

Blaine, Isabel A 97 

Blaine, Isabel D 96 

Blaine, Isabel 86 

Blaine, Isabella 3, 5, 79 

Blaine, Isabella 97 

Blaine, Isabella 90 

Blaine, Isabella 97 

Blaine, James 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 79 

Blaine, James,. . 44, 45, 48, 50, 51 
52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 79 

Blaine, James, Jr 84 

Blaine, James 90 

Blaine, James 96 

Blaine, James 96 

Blaine, James Armstrong 97 

Blaine, James Fenlon 81 

Blaine, James Gillespie, 1, 56, 57 

60, 80 
Blaine, James Gillespie, Jr. . . . 81 
Blaine, James Gillespie III. . . . 81 
Blaine, James Gillespie IV ... . 81 

Blaine, James Scaddon 99 

Blaine, Jane 81 

Blaine, Jane 90 

Blaine, Jane Ruffner 86 

Blaine, Joel Ruffner 85 

Blaine, John 90 

Blaine, Major John Ewing. ... 81 

Blaine, John Ewing 55, 85 

Blaine, John Ewing, Jr 85 

Blaine, John Ewing III 85 

Blaine, John Scull 93 

Blaine, Joseph A 96 

Blaine, Joseph T 97 

Blaine, Malnor Coons 85 

Blaine, Margaret 89, 99 

Blaine, Margaret 79 

Blaine, Margaret Belle 81 

Blaine, Margaret Isabella 81 

Blaine, Margaret Isabella 80 

Blaine, Margaret M 94 

Blaine, Margaret M 96 

Blaine, Marie Adele 81 

Blaine, Mary 99 

Blaine, Mary 89 

Blaine, Mary 90 

Blaine, Mary (Polly) 93 

Blaine, Mary (Polly) 95 

Blaine, Mary Louise 81 

Blaine, Mary Phister 85 

Blaine, Mary Rose 96 

Blaine, Mary Rose 96 

Blaine, Marye RuflFner 86 

Blaine, May Gillespie 81 

Blaine, Maud Virginia 81 

Blaine, Miriam 81 

Blaine, Nancy B 94 

Blaine, Neal Gillespie 79 

Blaine, Nina Beatrice 81 

Blaine, Patrick 3 

Blaine, Pierce C 96 

Blaine, Rebecca 87 

Blaine, Rebecca 87 

Blaine, Robert 84 

Blaine. Robert, 44, 46, 48, 51 

52, 53, 60, 84 

Blaine, Robert Gillespie 81 

Blaine, Robert Gillespie 81 

Blaine, Robert Walker 80 

Blaine, Robert Willard 86 

Blaine, Ruth 96 

Blaine, Samuel Lyon 55, 84 

Blaine, Samuel Lyon 86 

Blaine, Samuel Lyon 85 

Blaine, Sarah Elizabeth 53 

Blaine, Stanwood 80 

Blaine, Thomas 3 

Blaine, William . . 5, 29, 36, 39, 93 

Blaine, WiUiam 97 

Blaine, William A 96 

Blaine, William A 96 

Blaine, WilUam C 96 

Blaine, William Gillespie 79 

Blaine, WilUam Hoge 84 

Bleine, William Hoge 86 

Blaine, William McGrana- 

ghan, M. D 85 

Blaine, William McGrana- 

ghan II 85 

Blaine, Willis 96 

Blount, John Henry 89 

Blount, Margaret Stockton .... 90 

Blount, Jean Stockton 90 

Botsford, Anna Blaine 84 

Botsford, Ella Kirtland 84 

Botsford, Genl. James 

Lawrence 84 

Botsford, James Lawrence Jr. . 85 

Bouquet, Genl 9, 10, 11 

Braddock, Genl 5, 10 

Brooks, Olive 91 

Brown, Rev. Alexander 

Blaine, D. D 92 

Brown, Alexander Blaine 92 

Brown, Alexander Blaine 92 

Brown, Alice J 92 

Brown, Blanche N 92 

Brown, David Finley 92 

Brown, EUzabeth 90 

Brown, Elizabeth Nevins 92 

Brown, EUzabeth N 92 

Brown, EUzabeth Ruth 92 

Brown, Henry Hoffman 92 

Brown, Henry H 92 

Brown, John Nevins 92 

Brown, Mamie 92 

Brown, Marcia 92 

Brown, Margaret C 81 

Brown, Mary Blaine 92 

Brown, Mary Huston 92 

Brown, Rev. Matthew D. D. . . 90 
Brown, Matthew 92 

Brown, Samuel Van Ewan .... 92 

Brown, Sarah Roberts 92 

Brown, William F 92 

Brown, William Ferguson 92 

Bruback, Theodore 95 

Buchanan, Mr 26 

Burrows, Bessie Anderson .... 87 

Byers, David 16 

Byers, Major John 13, 17, 29 

Byrne, Charles F 81 

Caldwell, Elizabeth 92 

Callender, Robert 22, 46 

Campbell, Nancy 99 

Campbell, Parker 57 

Carothers, Mary Charlotte. ... 85 

Carskaden, Elizabeth 6, 79 

Carskaden, George 6 

Carson, Robert Jr 83 

Carson, Robert III 83 

Case, Isaac 96 

Caughey, Sophia 95 

Chamberlain, Clarice 88 

Chamberlain, Ellen 87 

Chamberlain, Rev. 

Jeremiah, D. D 87 

Chamberlain, John 88 

Chamberlain, Martha 88 

Chamberlain, Mary 87 

Chamberlain, Susan 87 

Chambers 46 

Champion, Colonel 35 

Childs, Clara 93 

Clarke, Aubray Laraby 81 

Claypool, Blaine Montgomery. 85 
Clay pool, George Lawrence ... 85 
Claypool, George Westerman . . 85 

Claypool, James Botsford 85 

Claypool, John 85 

Claypool, John Blayney 85 

Claypool, John Burford 85 

Claypool, Pearl H 85 

Claypool, Samuel Blaine 85 

Clinton, Sir Henry 34, 35 

Cochrane, Clarence M 87 

Coleman, Benjamin L, M. D. . 98 

Coleman, Eleanor Russell 98 

Coleman, Robert Milligan, 

M. D 98 

Coleman, Willy Cromwell 98 

Connell, Linwood S 85 

Connell, Linwood Blaine 85 

Cook, Martha O 93 

Coons, Anna 55, 56, 84 

Coons, George 55 

Coppinger, Colonel J.- J 80 

Coppinger, Conor W. Blaine. . . 80 
Coppinger, James Gillespie 

Blaine 80 

Coulter, Rev. R. H 92 

Coulter, Nevins Brown 92 

Cox, Cornelius 33 

Cram, Eloise Blume 86 

Cram, Herbert Mason 86 

Cram, Margaret 86 

Cram, Mary Deming 86 

Cram, Ralph La Venture 86 

Cram, Ralph Warren 86 

Crary, Benjamin C 95 

Crary, Lucinda 96 

Crawford, Albert 95 

Crawford, Alexander Blaine ... 94 

Crawford, Annie 95 

Crawford, Bertha 95 

Crawford, Charles 94 

Crawford, Ella M 95 

Crawford, Frank 95 

Crawford, Harriet 95 

Crawford, Harriet Newel 95 

Crawford, James Blaine 95 

Crawford, Josephine 95 

Crawford, Kate 95 

Crawford, Miles C 95 

Crawford, Minnie 95 

Crawford, Rosanna Mary 95 

Crawford, Rose 95 

Crawford, Thomas Childs 95 

Crawford, William 94 

Crawford, William 95 

Crawford, William 

Alexander 95 

Crawford, WiUiam Blaine 95 

Creeser, Laura 83 

Crosson, Dr. Henry J 81 

Damrosch, AHce Blaine 80 

Damrosch, Anita Blaine 80 

Damrosch, Leopoldine Blaine. 80 

Damrosch, Margaret Blaine. 80 

Damrosch, Walter 80 

Dean Swift 4 

De Costa, Jane Van Ness 88 

De Costa, John Chalmers 88 

De Costa, John Chalmers, Jr. . 88 

De Costa, Meigs 88 

Dickson, Alexander T 97 

Dickson, Thomas 97 

Dow, Marian 81 

Duncan, John 50 

Duncan, Judge 50 

Duncan, Sarah EUzabeth 

Postlethwaite 51, 79 


Ecuyer, Captain 9 

Elliott, Mr 40 

ElUott, Stella H 87 

Ewing, Ann Ellen 84 

Ewing, Blaine Styles 82 

Ewing, Clara Bascom 84 

Ewing, David Quail 82 

Ewing, David Quail 82 

Ewing, Elizabeth Breading ... 82 

Ewing, Elizabeth Marshall .... 83 

Ewing, Ellen 83 

Ewing, Florence Bell 84 

Ewing, General (of York) 29 

Ewing, George 83 

Ewing, Gertrude Schoonmaker 83 

Ewing, Henry Woods 84 

Ewing, Huston Quail 82 

Ewing, Isabella Quail 82 

Ewing, James Blaine 82 

Ewing, James Blaine II 84 

Ewing, Dr. John 59 

Ewing, John 83 

Ewing, John Hoge 55, 59, 81 

Ewing, John Hoge 82 

Ewing, John Hoge 83 

Ewing, Lyford Blaine 82 

Ewing, Margaret Blaine 82 

Ewing, Margaret Hallock 84 

Ewing, Margaret Major 82 

Ewing, Margaret Quail 82 

Ewing, Marshall Morse 84 

Ewing, Martha P 83 

Ewing, Mary Lyon 83 

Ewing, Matilda B 83 

Ewing, Nathaniel 83 

Ewing, Preston B 83 

Ewing, Robert Morse 84 

Ewing, Samuel Blaine 82 

Ewing, Samuel Blaine 84 

Ewing, Susan Marshall 83 

Ewing, William 82 

Ewing, William Brown 82 

Ewing, WilUam Marshall 84 

Ewing, William Morse 84 


Fenlon, Alice 81 

Fisher, EHzabeth 97 

Fisk, Daniel W 85 

Forbes, General 11 

Frazier, Arthur 95 

Freeman, Adele 97 

Froos, Henry A 96 

Froude 3 


Galbraith of Donegal 16 

Galbraith, Alexander 3 

Galbraith, Andrew 3 

Galbraith, Andrew 14, 15 

Galbraith, James. ... 13, 14, 15 16 

Galbraith, James Jr 14 

Galbraith, John 3 

Galbraith, John 13 

Galbraith John 16, 17 

Galbraith, John 16 

Galbraith, Martin 3 

Galbraith, Rebecca. ... 13, 16, 79 

Galbraith, Robert 13 

Galbraith, Thomas 3 

Gallaugher, Wm 43 

Gardner, Elizabeth Lindsey ... 88 
Gibson, Chief Justice John 

Bannister 44 

Gilchrist, Rev. Adam 89 

Gilchrist, Fanny Perry 89 

Gilchrist, Hester Maria 89 

Gilchrist, Susan Blaine 89 

Gillespie, Frank J 92 

Gillespie, Franklin B 92 

Gillespie, Maria 57, 59, 79 

Gilmore, Caroline 96 

Godwin, Frances Stockton .... 89 

Godwin, J. Walker 89 

Gooding, Eleanor 80 

Graves, Kate Le Grand 90 

Green, General Nathaniel, 

26, 27, 28 
Gren, Mr 40 


Haldeman, Edwin McFee 86 

Hall, Martha A 96 

Hallock, Ellen Ewing 82 

Hallock, Fanny Lyon 82 

Hallock, Harvey Totten 82 

Hallock, Harvey Totten 82 

Hallock, John Ewing 82 

Hallock, John Wishart 82 

Hallock, Margaret Ewing 82 

Hallock, William Albertson ... 82 

Hallock, William Ewing 82 

Hallock, WilHam Ewing, Jr . . . 82 

Hallock, William McLean 82 

Hamilton, Gail 1 

Hamilton, John Scott 87 

Hamilton, John Scott, Jr 87 

Hamilton, Mary Louise 84 

Hamilton, Secretary Alexander 47 
Hamilton, Rev. William 

Beason 84 

Hampson, Emma 96 

Harvey, John Craig 97 

Haynes, Maranna 94 

Hays, Ann Alexander 88 

Hays, Ann Gordon 89 

Hays, Edmund Gardner 88 

Hays, Ellinor Blaine 89 

Hays, Elizabeth Smead 88 

Hays, Ephraim Blaine 21, 88 

Hays, George Metzger 88 

Hays, Jane Van Ness 89 

Hays, John 88 

Hays, John 88 

Hays, John 88 

Hays, John 88 

Hays, Mary Wheaton 88 

Hays, Raphael Smead 88 

Hays, Robert Blaine 88 

Henderson, James Wilson 88 

Henderson, Samuel Alexander . 88 

Henderson, William Miller. ... 88 

Herrick, Margaret Elizabeth . . 86 

Herrick, Wilham Henry 86 

Herron, Eliza 92 

Herron, Rev. Francis, D. D . . . 92 

Herron, Isabel 93 

Herron, Jane 93 

Herron, John 93 

Herron, Mary 93 

Herron, Rebecca 93 

Hicks, Rebecca A 81 

Hildreth, Eugene 99 

Hill, Jane Boyd 96 

Hocker, Helen Adele 88 

Hoge, David 45, 58 

Hoge, Jane 59 

Hoge, Jane 79 

Hoge, Jonathan 22 

Hoge, John 58, 59 

Hoge, William 58 

Hoge, WilUam 93 

Hoge, William, Jr 93 

Hoge, WiUiam 97 

Holzheimer, Jacob 47 

Hooper, Robert Little 33 

Houston, Mary 92 

Humbird, Emma Chambers ... 96 

Hunter, Martha Granford 19 


James 1st of Scotland 14 

Janes, Philip Viele, M. D 87 

Janes, Hector Mason 87 

Janes, Mary EHzabeth 87 

Jeter, Lucia Brock 89 

Johnston, Meredith 98 

Jones, Abbegence Walds 89 

Jones, Ethel Almand 89 

Jones, Francis Gilchrist 89 

Jones, James Baker 89 

Jones, James Baker, Jr 89 

Jones, Joseph Maybank 89 

Jones, Nancy Waldo 89 

Jones, Robert Harrison 89 

Jones, Robert Harrison 89 

Jones, Slaton Martin 89 

Jones, Susan Baker 89 

Jordan, Arthur Stanwood 91 

Jordan, Guysbert Bogart 

Vroom 91 

Jordan, Rev. WilUam W 91 


Kates, Katherine Cassey 84 

Kelly, Annie Ellen 81 

Kennedy, Miriam Elizabeth. . . 83 

Kennedy, John Ewing 83 

Kennedy, Ralph G 83 

Kennedy, Ralph Grant 83 

King, Anna Lyon 98 

King, Caroline Jane 97 

King, Rev. Conway P., D. D. . 23 

King, Euphemia Bakewell .... 96 

King, James, M. D 98 

King, James Russell 98 

King, John Lyon 98 

King, Winslow Dudley 98 

Kuhn, Cornelia Brackenridge 82 


LaFayette, Marquis 34 

Laidlaw, Alice 91 

Lamberton, James 50 

Lamberton, Hon. Robert 50 

La Venture, Anna Blaine 87 

La Venture, Amy Catherine. . . 87 

La Venture, Margaret Baily ... 86 

La Venture, Mary Belle 86 

La Venture, Mildred 87 

La Venture, WiUiam 86 

La Venture, William Burrows. 87 

La Venture, William Mason. . . 87 

Lincoln, President Abraham. . . 55 

Little, Captain 35 

Lipscomb, Charles E 81 

Longenecker, Charles 98 

Longenecker, J. H 98 

Longenecker, Ralph 98 

Longenecker, Samuel Russell . . 98 

Ludlum, Mr 40 

Lyon, Mr 40 

Lyon, Isabella 58 

Lyon, Isabella 97 

Lyon, John 17, 19 

Lyon, John 97 

Lyon, Margaret ... 48, 50, 53, 59 

79, 97 

Lyon, Nancy 97 

Lyon, Rebecca 17 

Lyon, Rebecca 97 

Lyon, Samuel. . . 18, 19, 50, 79, 97 

Lyon, Samuel 99 

Lyon, William 20 

Lyone, Duncan 3 

Lyone, John 3 

Lyone, Robert 3 

Lyone, William 3 


McCord, Alexander 94 

McCord, Elizabeth Thompson . 94 

McCord, Ephraim Blaine 94 

McCord, Florence Blaine 96 

McCord, Isabel 94 

McCord, James 94 

McCord, John Linn 94 

McCord, Joseph 96 

McCord, Mary Ann 93 

McCord, Rosanna 94 

McCord, Ruth Alice 97 

McCord, Samuel 93 

McCord, Samuel 93 

McCord, WiUiam 93 

McCormick, Anita 80 

McCormick, Genevieve 80 

McCormick, Louis B 80 

McCoskrey, Dr 48 

McFarquhar, Rev. Colin 58 

McGill, Dr 7 

McGilwray, Maria 80 

McGranaghan, Nannie Cham- 
berlain 85 

McKean, Gov. Thomas 45 

McLane, Jessie 95 

McLane, John W 95 

McLane, Mary M 95 

McLane, Rose 95 

McLean, Isabelle Hull 82 

Mackay, Colonel 24 

Mackey, Wilham 33 

MacMiller, John W 83 

MacMiller, John Walton 83 

Major, Inez 82 

Malcolm Franklin 81 

Mallan, Thomas F 81 

Marshal, Colonel 40 

Marshall, Ehzabeth 83 

Marshall, Matilda Battell 84 

Marshall, T 40 

Mason, Anna Belle 87 

Mason, Anna Blaine 86 

Mason, Anna Luella 87 

Mason, Emilie Blaine 87 

Mason, Hugh Sample 86 

Mason, James Blaine 81, 86 

Mason, Rev. James Dinsmore. 86 

Mason, James Dinsmore 86 

Mason, Jane Elizabeth 87 

Mason, Jane Sample 86 

Mason, John Burrows 87 

Mason, John ElHott 87 

Mason, John Pierpont 87 

Mason, Margaret Belle 87 

Mason, Margaret Blaine 86 

Mason, Sarah Ellen 86 

Mason, Thomas Stockton 86 

Metzger, Anna Susanna 87 

Metzger, Catherine 87 

Metzger, George 47 

Metzger, Paul 46 

Metzger, Susanna 46 

Mifflin, Governor 48 

Miller, Henry 33 

Miller, Robert 24 

Milligan, Alexander Reed 98 

Milligan, Isabella Reed 98 

Milligan, Robert 98 

Mills, Anna J 94 

Mills, Beth C 95 

Mills, Burton C 94 

Mills, Frank 94 

Mills, Frederick 94 

Mills, Florence M 94 

Mills, James 94 

Mills, James 94 

Mills, Jennie 94 

Mills, Jessie J 95 

Mills, John Marcellus 94 

Mills, John M 94 

Mills, Margaret 94 

Mills, Mary 94 

Mills, Maud B 95 

Mills, Nannie A 95 

Mills, Nelson 95 

Mills, Royal A. B 94 

Mills, Royal J 9.4 

Montgomery, Belle 85 

Montgomery, Emily Roberts . . 98 

Moorhead, Caroline Josephine. 95 

Moorhead, John B 95 

Moorhead, Joseph Alexander . . 95 

Moorhead, Joseph Young 95 

Moorhead, Margaret Mills .... 95 

Moorhead, Mary Robinson .... 95 

Moorhead, Matilda Neeley 95 

Moorhead, Nancy Crawford ... 95 

Moorhead, Rosanna J 95 

Moorhead, Samuel Tate 95 

Morse, Grace Emily 84 

MuUikin, Oden 88 

Mullikin, Richard Hays 88 

Mullikin, Richard Oden 88 

Mulhkin, Sophia Margaret .... 88 

Muroch, Duke of Albany 14 


Neeley, Eliza 94 

Nerdringhause, Nell 91 

Nevins, Elizabeth Finley 92 

Nevins, Margaret 81 

Nott, Benjamin Blaine 87 

Nott, Elizabeth Dinsmore 87 

Nott, Lilly Garrett 87 

Nott, Robert Hunter 87 

Nott, Susan Benedict 87 


Officer, Rebecca A 79 

Ogden, Elizabeth Snowden .... 99 

Ourry, Captain 10 

Owens, Fanny Browning 86 

Oxtoby, WiUiam 95 


Page, Rt. Rev. Herman 90 

Page, Herman, Jr 90 

Paine, Russell Sturgis 91 

Park, Alma 92 

Parsons, William 95 

Patterson, Nicholas 33 

Patterson, Robert Lee 93 

Patterson, Thomas 93 

Penn, John 40 

Penn, John, Jr 40 

Penn, William 13 

Pennington, Hall Pleasance ... 80 

Perkins, George, M. D 95 

Phister, Mary 85 

Piatt, Sarah E 96 

Plunkett, WiUiam 10 

Porter, Blanche 90 

Porter, Valentine 91 

Porter, M.V. Nott 91 

Postlethwaite, Joseph 50 

Postlethwaite, Samuel 50 


Quail, Isabella McC 82 


Reamer, Nannie 98 

Reed, Alexander 58 

Reed, Alexander 97 

Reed, Joseph, Prest. of Pa., 

33, 34, 35 

Reed, Mary Morgan 84 

Reed, Robert 58 

Richards, Dorothy 85 

Riddle, Rev. David 

Hunter, D. D . . 90 

Riddle, Rev. David Hoge 91 

Riddle, David Hunter 91 

Riddle, Edmund Hunter 91 

Riddle, Elizabeth 91 

Riddle, Ehzabeth Brown 91 

Riddle, Henry Alexander 91 

Riddle, Henry Alexander, Jr.. 91 

Riddle, Katherine Burton 91 

Riddle, Lindsay Ritchie 91 

Riddle, Martha Hunter 91 

Riddle, Martha Elizabeth 91 

Riddle, Mary Morehead 90 

Riddle, Rev. Matthew Brown . 90 

Riddle, Robert Forest 91 

Riddle, Susanna 91 

Riddle, Susan Nourse 90 

Riddle, Walther 91 

Ritchie, Francis King 91 

Robertson, Isabel 86 

Robertson, May Ethel 86 

Robinson, Alexander Blaine. . . 96 

Robinson, Alice 96 

Robinson, AUce Blaine 96 

Robinson, Anica Barlow 96 

Robinson, David 96 

Robinson, Elizabeth Jane 96 

Robinson, William Andrew .... 96 
Robinson, William Andrew III 96 
Robinson, William Andrew IV 96 

Roland, Carrie 92 

Rose, Joseph 50 

Rosier, Julia 97 

Ross, Janet 97 

Ross, Russell 97 

Ross, WilUam 97 

Rufifner, Willie Aline 85 

Russell, Alexander Lyon 97 

Russell, Algernon Sidney 99 

Russell, Anna Lyon 98 

Russell, Blaine 99 

Russell, CaroUne 83 

Russell, CaroUne 97 

RusseU, Caroline O'FaUon .... 99 

RusseU, EUzabeth King 97 

RusseU, EUzabeth Ogden 83 

Russell, Eleanor Lyon 98 

RusseU, Eliza Morehead 98 

RusseU, EUza Sprigg 99 

RusseU, EUen 97 

RusseU, EUen Blaine 98 

RusseU, Effie Shriver 99 

RusseU, Emily Florence 98 

RusseU, Fisher 98 

RusseU, Ida 98 

RusseU, Isabella Reed 98 

RusseU, Jacob Shriver 99 

RusseU, James 83 

Russell, James 99 

RusseU, James Christian 98 

RusseU, James McPherson .... 97 
RusseU, James McPherson ... 99 
RusseU, James McPherson .... 99 

RusseU, John Ewing 83 

RusseU, John Lyon 99 

Russell, Kate Curtin : 98 

Russell, Lyon 99 

Russell, Mary McPherson 99 

Russell, Mary Paxton 97 

Russell, Montgomery 

Longenecker 98 

Russell, Nannie Lyon 99 

Russell, Nannie Rebecca 98 

Russell, Ogden 99 

Russell, Rebecca Lyon 97 

Russell, Samuel Lyon 98 

Russell, Samuel Lyon 98 

Russell, Samuel Lyon 98 

Russell, William Hoge 99 

Russell, William King 97 


Salisbury, Blaine Gillespie .... 80 

Salisbury, Orange James 80 

Salisbury, Orange James, Jr. . . 80 

Salisbury, Robert Walker 80 

Salisbury, SteUa Julia 80 

Sample, Ellen Lyon 81 

Sample, Eliza Ewing 81 

Sample, Isabella Reed 81 

Sample, James Blaine 81 

Sample, Mary Brown 81, 86 

Sample, William 81 

Saugrain, Dr 42 

Saunders, Anzoletta 85 

Scannall, Mary C 80 

Scott, Eleanor 98 

Scott, James King 98 

Scott, John 98 

Scott, William 98 

Scott, William 98 

Scull, Elizabeth 93 

Selkregg, George ♦. . 94 

Selkregg, Harriett M 94 

Selkregg, Harvey D 94 

Selkregg, James M 94 

Selkregg, LesUe 94 

Selkregg, Royal 94 

Selkregg, William 94 

Selkregg, WilHam, Jr 94 

Shippen, Jr., Colonel 10 

Shiras, Ann McD 93 

Shiras, Ellen W 92 

Shiras, Francis H 92 

Shiras, George 92 

Shiras, George 92 

Shiras, George III 92 

Shiras, George P 93 

Shiras, Oliver 93 

Shiras, Winfield K 93 

Shiras, Winfield K., Jr 93 

Shriver, Effie McElheron 99 

Simons, Mary 94 

Slack, Julietta Ehzabeth 87 

Slough, Matthew 33 

Smead, Jane Van Ness 88 

Smedley, Eliza 95 

Smith, James 33 

Smith, Rev. John M 93 

Smith, Margaret Leeston 86 

Speer, Breading 83 

Speer, ComeUa Margaret 83 

Speer, Elizabeth Breading 83 

Speer, Henrietta Morrow 83 

Speer, James Ramsey 83 

Speer, James Wilson 83 

Speer, John Ewing 83 

Speer, Mary Leet 83 

Speer, Rev. WilHam, D. D., 

LL. D 82 

Speer, William 83 

Speer, William Lowrie 83 

Stanwood, Harriet Baily 80 

Stanwix, General 9 

Steel, Rev. John 21 

Steen, Frances Hallock 82 

Steen, John Ewing 82 

Steen, Margaret Hallock 82 

Steen, Mary Henr>^ 82 

Steen, Robert Service 82 

Steen, Rev. William Service. . . 82 

Stephen, Colonel 9 

Stevenson, Matthew Harbison . 84 

Stevenson, Marguerite Louise . 84 

Stewart, Isabella 93 

Stewart, Lord James 14 

Stewart, Lewis H 93 

Stewart, Lewis H., Jr 93 

Stockton, Frances Baker 89 

Stockton, Gilchrist Baker 89 

Stockton, Jean 90 

Stockton, John N. C 89 

Stockton, JuUa Telfair 90 

Stockton, Margaret 89 

Stockton, WilUam Tennent. ... 89 

Stockton, WilUam Tennent, Jr. 89 

StoU, Elsie 98 

Styles, Marian Lyford 82 

SulUvan, General 33 

Sweeney, Ella M 92 


Tate, Mr 40 

Thompson, Randolph Y 81 

Thompson, Temple 4 

Tod, Alma Wayne 85 

Tod, Commander Elmer 

Wayne 84 

Tod, Frederick Wick 85 


Ulmer, Herman E 90 


Van Ewan, May Bell 92 

Van Meter, Mary 98 

Veech, Elizabeth 96 

Villemont de Zoe 84 

Vroom, Elizabeth Riddle 91 . 

Vroom, Guysbert Bogart 91 


Waldo, Kate 89 

Waldo, Nell 89 

Walker, Anna Craighead 79 

Walker, Ann Letitia Dun- 

nington 80 

Walker, Ephraim Blaine 79 

Walker, Helen Mary 80 

Walker, James Blaine 80 

Walker, James Blaine, Jr 80 

Walker, Julia Heister 80 

Walker, Margaret Blaine 80 

Walker, Margaret Salisbury. . . 80 

Walker, Mary Blaine 79 

Walker, Major Robert C 79 

Walker, Robert Craigshead ... 80 

Walker, Robert John 80 

Walker, Robert Willard 80 

Walker, Stella Genevieve 79 

Walker, William Gillespie 80 

Walker, William Gillespie, II . . 80 

Walther, Anna 90 

Washington, General, 

27, 35, 38, 47, 48 
Washington, President, 39, 47, 58 

Washington, Patty 48 

Watts, David 52 

Weatherby, Alethia Baird 84 

Wharton, Governor Thomas 25, 32 

Wheat, Ann Letitia 80 

Wheaton, Ellen Blaine 88 

Wheaton, Mary Blaine 88 

Wheaton, Levi 88 

Wheeler, Beryl Whitney 81 

White, Eva Jane 82 

White, Fannie O 86 

White, Frances 93 

Wick, Alma 84 

Wick, Frederick H 84 

Williams, Aaron 93 

WiUiams, Brooks 91 

Williams, Burton 91 

Williams, David Riddle 91 

Williams, Elizabeth Herron ... 92 
Williams, Elizabeth Riddle. ... 91 

Williams, Frances Herron 93 

Williams, Henry Meade 91 

WilUams, James Addison 93 

William, James Herron 93 

Williams, Jessie Lynch 91 

Williams, Jessie Lynch, Jr . . . . 91 

WilUams, Laidlaw 91 

WilHams, Luther Halsey 93 

Williams, Mary Herron 93 

WilUams, Rev. Meade Creigh- 

ton, D. D 91 

WilUams, Meade 91 

Williams, Susan Creighton. ... 91 

Williams, TyrreU 91 

Wilson, Frances Emma 83 

Wilson, Harriet Preble 93 

Wilson, D. Leet 93 

Wilcox, Ruth 95 

Wirt, Edward Blaine 99 

Wirt, Eleanor Blaine 79 

Wirt, WilUam 79 

Wishart, Ellen 82 

Wood, Colonel 36 

Woods, Andrew Alfred 84 

Woods, EUzabeth Speer 84 

Woods, Francis Henry 84 

Woods, Rev. Henry, D. D . . . . 83 

Woods, John Ewing 84 

Woods, Margaret Ewing 84 

Woods, Mary Neal 84 

Woods, Sarah Wilson 84 

3 1197 21318 9621 


^'y 'fen,. 

^ate Due 

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