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Full text of "Bombay place-names and street-names; an excursion into the by-ways of the history of Bombay City"

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Bombay Place<Names 
and Street^Names* An 

Excursion into the by-ways 
of the history of Bombay City 
By Samuel T» Sheppard 

AUTHOR OF "THE BYCULLA CLUB: 1833-1916." 



Bombay: The Times Press, 1917 



( 



/ 



c 



JOAN STACK 



3^ ■ 



PREFACE /^/^ 

This little book has been many years in preparanon, and is 
at kst published only because no one else appears to have 
deVoted sufficient time and attention to a subject of which only 
the fringe has here been touched and which seems to me to be 
of interest and some importance. A book of this kind ought 
really to be published only after prolonged research into old 
leases and de^ds. That is beyond my powers but I have none 
the less thought my less recondite work may be of service. 
It has steadily grown in scope since I started it as an inquiry 
into the reason why various English surnames have been given 
to Bombay roads, but the development has only been possible 
with the assistance of many gentlemen who have the gift of 
tongues which has been denied to the author-compiler. 

Among the many friends whom I have to thank for valued 
assistance are the Hon. Mr. P. K. Cadell, Mr. S. M. Edwardes 
(from whose writings also I have freely stolen), Mr. J. P. Orr, 
the Rev. E. R. Hull, S.J., Mr. R. P. Karkaria, Dr. Jivanji Jam- 
shedji Modi, Mr. R. P. Masani, Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi, and 
Mr. Kaikhushroo Pestonji Bhedwar. Mr. Karkaria in parti- 
cular has been of great assistance to me and has taken the 
trouble to visit many streets where the origin of the names 
was doubtful. 

The method followed needs some explanation. When only 
one theory is put forward to account for the origin of a name 
I have not as a rule stated from whom that theory has been 
obtained, and by this means, if I appear to gain the credit for 
many ingenious derivations, I can also bear the blame for any 
grievous faults that may have crept in. When my authorities 
have conflicted I have usually stated who they are, and the 
public which pays its money for the book may take its choice 
as to which derivation is likely to be the more correct. If 
any family history has been, misrepresented I offer my apologies 
in advance to any who may feel hurt, for I have not wilfully 
put- down anything intended to reflect on anyone's ancestry 
or history. 

S. T. S. 

061 



» « 



. • BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES 

• It is remarkable that the scheme for a statistical account of 
*Bombay quoted as an appendix to Vol. I. of the late Sir J. M. 
Campbell's " Bombay Town and Island Materials," while 
proposing the collection of many details about the roads, makes 
no allusion to the names of roads. Under the heading of Bridges, 
however, in that scheme " name and origin of name " are 
included among other points of interest to be discovered, and 
in the more recent Gazetteer of Bombay City and Island, by 
Mr. S. M. Edwardes, considerable attention has been paid to 
the general subject of names. But the scope of the Gazetteer 
did not permit of anything like a full investigation of this by- 
way of history, and it is hoped that the following pages may be 
found of some service both by students of Bombay history 
and by those augtist bodies which have to consider the problem 
of naming and renaming the streets and roads of the City. 
The author is conscious of the fact that in many cases the 
explanation here offered of the origin of a name is open to objec- 
tion on historical or etymological grounds. But books on 
place-names always contain a good deal of fiction. Canon 
Taylor, for example, in his entertaining " Words and Places " 
blindly accepts the " good bay " derivation of Bombay which 
is generally acknowledged to be no more than ingenious fiction. 
No pretence is made that the following pages are free from 
fantasy or error, but the compiler will be well satisfied if his 
critics will join him in the etymological chase. " In all ages," 
writes Mr. Edward Thomas in the introduction to a recent 

' edition of Canon Taylor's book, ''place names have been favourite 
beasts of the chase. They are noble game, and they have 
given marvellous sport. They continue to do so and genera- 
tion after generation they survive to fascinate and elude us." 
In Bombay the sport is still rather uncommon. When it has 
more devotees there will be found more consideration in giving 
names. 

For some reason or other, in many places besides Bombay, 
the importance of names has come to be ignored, they are 
bestowed and discarded for the most inadequate reasons, and 



2 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

when they survive — either as personal names or place -nkmes — 
th^ir origin is often forgotten. It is convenient and not wholly 
unjust to blame the Church for this state of affairs. 

The first two questions in the Catechism contained in the IJ6ok 
of Common Prayer are : — " What is your Name ?" and " Who 
gave you this Name ?" The Catechist, having so far satisfied 
his curiosity, goes on to ask a number of other questions, but 
unaccountably omits to inquire "Why did your Godfathers' 
and Godmothers choose that name for you?" The omission 
may be explicable on the ground that no feminine hand had a 
share in the compilation of the Catechism : a Betsey Trotwood* 
would have put the question in the most searching manner 
and would probably have expressed her opinion on the suitabi- 
lity of the name with no fittle ferocity. Even the male authors 
of the Catechism might have been expected to know better 
the value and importance of names. Solomon observed that 
" a good name is rather to be chosen than great riches " and 
it is indeed to a learned divine, Lawrence Sterne, that mankind 
is indebted for the locus classicus on this subject (Tristram 
Shandy : Chapter XIX). The Shandean philosophy was as 
follows : " There was a strange kind of magic bias, which 
" good or bad names, as he called them, irresistibly impressed 
"upon our characters and conduct. . . . How many Caesars 
" and Pompeys, he would say, by mere inspiration of the names 
** have been rendered worthy of them ? And how many, he 
" would add, are there, who might have done exceeding well 
" in the world, had not their characters and spirits been totally 
" depressed and Nicodemus'd into nothing ? " It was this 
passage which inspired R. L. Stevenson with the idea of his 
essay on *' The Philosophy of Nomenclature." He adds little 
of value to what Sterne said, but his conclusion is worth quoting : 
" But, reader," he says, " the day will come, I hope, when a 
"paternal government will stamp out, as seeds of national 
" weakness, all depressing patronymics, and when godfathers 



* " In the name of Heaven," said Miss Betsey, suddenly, " why Rookery ?" 
" Do you mean the house, ma'am ?" asked my mother. " Why Rookery?*' 
said Miss Betsey. " Cookery would have been more to the purpose, if you 
had had any practical ideas of life, either of you." 

'* The name was Mr. Copperfield's choice," returned my mother. " When 

he bought the house, he liked to think that there were rooks about it " 

"David Copperfield all over !" cried Miss Betsey. " David Copperfield from 
head to foot. Calls a house a rookery when there's not a rook near it, and takes 
the birds on trust, because he sees the nests !" 






BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 



*" and godmothers will soberly and earnestly debate the interest 
" of the nameless one, and not rush blindfold to the christening." 
In another essay on " The English Admirals," Steven^n 
writ* : " Most men of high destinies have high sounding names. 
T*yiA and Habakkuk may do pretty well, but they must not 
think to cope with the Cromwells and Isaiahs. And you could 
not find a better case in point than that of the English Admirals." 
• But the importance of a good and appropriate name had 
been recognised in much earlier times. For example, Camden's 
" Remaines concerning Britaine " (published 1605) has an 
entertaining little discourse on the subject. Plato, he says, 
" might seeme, not without cause, to advise men to be careful 
in giving faire and happy names : as the Pythagoreans affirmed 
the minds, actions, and successes of men to be according to their 
Fate, Genius, and Name. One also well observeth that these 
seven things : Virtue, good Parentage, Wealth, Dignity, or 
Office, good Presence, a good Christian name, with a gracious 
Surname, and seemely attire, do especially grace and adorne a 
man .... As the common Proverb, Bonum nomen, bonum 
omen," 

That proverb has not always been borne in mind in Bombay, 
as the following pages will show. There has aot often been 
noticeable here the "touch of names," though many legeiids 
and not a little history have been handed down from generation 
to generation in the place-names and street-names of the 
city. But the majority of names are dull, unimaginative, and 
remmiscent of dull people of no account. There is little here 
comparable with the fanciful beauty of many names in Burma.* 



* **I am now at Thayetmyo, Mango-Town. And that reminds me how 
pretty and significant are the names of places in Burma. There are, for in- 
stance, all the Golden places. Shwe-le, the Golden Boat, Shwebo, the Golden 
Mister, Shwegu, the Golden cave, Shwedaung, the hill of gold, Shwelamig, 
the Golden canoe, Shwenyaungbin, the Golden Banian tree. Then there are all 
the rocky places — Kyaukse, row of rocks, Kyaukpyu, White rock, Kyaukme, 
Black rock, Kyaukton, Line of rocks, Kyauktaga, Door of rocks, Kyauktah, 
Royal rock, Kyaukchomiggyi, Big-stone Stream. There are places named 
after trees, Maubin, The Man tree, Nyamiglebin, Four Banian Trees, Gyo- 
bingouk, the crooked Gyo Tree, Tantabing, one Palmyra Tree, Zigcn, Plum 
Hill, Buthidoung, Gourd-fruit Hill, Kyun-gcne, Teak hill. Then there are 
fantastics like Kyatpyin, the Ghost Plateau, Sinmizwey, the Elephant Tail 
Pull, Lu gaung-gyun. Human Head Island. With such names places 
have character, meaning and expression. They are not whittled 
down to mere colourless sounds as are the names of our town 
and villages in England, which require an Etymological Dictionary befor 
they are intelligible. No, the place name in Burma stands out clear an 



4 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Few of the street-names, and this surely is strange in so (Commer- 
cial a city, are of any commercial value even. ^It would be 
absurd to deny that there can be such a value, for all must 
know the importance of a "good address " to which philoso^ers 
and novelists continually allude. For example, in that enter- 
taining novel " The Lost Tribes, " by George Birmingham, 
Mrs. Dann from America discourses on the name Druminawona. ( 
" There's money in the name Druminawona, especially when* 
connected in the public mind with a Miracle Play. . . . We'll 
boom Druminawona into European celebrity. There's a 
spaciousness about it which leaves the imagination room to 
saunter round. There's a kind of meandering melancholy which 
you'd hardly beat among the best place-names in the itinerary 
of the children of Israel. Ije-Abarim is a good name, I don't 
deny it. . . . But its a lap or two behind Druminawona 
in the race." This aspect of nomenclature is one which all 
corporators, professors of civics, and omniscient civilians should 
study with attention. 

Perhaps Municipal administrators do not read novels : if 
they did they would realise there's much in a name. No one 
knew that better than Dickens. But it is Balzac * who has 
given the fullest analysis of the relation between a man's name 
and his personality, when writing of the sinister significance of 
the name " Z. Marcas." 

" That Z. which went before Marcas, which was seen on the address of 
his letters, and which he never forgot in his signature, that last letter of the 
alphabet. Marcas ! Repeat to yourself that name composed of two syllables, 
do you not find in it a sinister significance ? Does it not seem to you that 
the man who bears it must be a martyr ? Although strange and barbarous, 
that name nevertheless has the right to go down to posterity ; it is well com- 
pounded, easily pronounced, and short as all celebrated names should be. 
Is it not as soft as it is odd ? But, further, does it not seem incomplete? I would 
not take it on myself to affirm that names have no influence on a man's destiny. 
Between the facts of life and the names of men there are secret and inexplicable 
concords or visible discords which surprise one ; often correlations remote 
but effective are revealed in them." And Balzac goes on to interpret the 
hidden meaning of that hieroglyph " Z." " Do you not see in the construction 
of the ' Z ' an impeded movement ? Does it not represent the random and 
fantastic zig-zag of a tormented life ? What wind has blown on that letter 



vivid for every one to imderstand. And vastly superior they are to the place 
names of India which are for the most part intended to immortalise the egoism 
of some complacent and usually insignificant founder. Who cares a plantain 
for Isa Shah, his Kot, or Tek Singh, his Toba ?" {Pioneer, September 17th, 
1911.) 

* This translation from Balzac was published in The British Medical 
Journal, December 14th, 1912. 



t 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 5 

* 1 

which in every language in which it has found a place commands scarcely 
fifty words ?" ■> " Examine," he again insistently calls upon the reader, ",>hat 
name : Z. Marcas ! The man's whole life is in the fantestic assembly of these 
se^jpii letters. Seven! The most significant of the cabalistic numbers. . . 
Maifcas ! Does it not give you the notion of something precious that is broken 
*by a fall, with or without noise ?" 

^ It may be said that Balzac exaggerated the significance 
•of a name. But there is, all the same, both with people and 
places a kind of relation between the name and the personality 
or place real enough to cause a shock when there is an incon- 
gruity between the qualities we had fancied the name to connote 
and those in the bearer of the name. For instance, a disreput- 
able street bearing an honoured name — of which there is more 
than one example in Bombay — is a displeasing thing, an argu- 
ment if ever there was one, in favour of the hateful, American 
system of numbering streets.* In Bombay there is no system, 
but many of our roads are named after bygone Governors and 
makers of Bombay. The result is curious : we associate, for 
example, Sir Philip Wodehouse with the era of flats and high 
rents. Sir Bartle Frere with bad road surfaces, Sir George Arthur 
with desolation. But in few cases is the name appropriate : in 
many the eponym would be ashamed to see the street that 
bears his name. This is a strange irony. Equally ironical 
may be the misinterpretation of a name. A famous divine 
used waggishly to emphasize the word " called " in the eleventh 
verse of chapter nine of the Acts.f But the street survives, 
unless the Turks have destroyed it, conspicuous by its straight- 
ness in the maze of meandering bazaars in the ancient city of 
Damascus. 

It is curious to note how Bombay has escaped certain typical 
classes of street names. The system adopted by Latin nations 
of affixing historical dates to thoroughfares has never had 
much success with the English, so it is not surprising that 
Bombay has no equivalent to the Rue de Quatre Septembre 
of Paris and the Via xx Septembre of Eome. But how comes 
it that the tendency to name streets after living politicians — 
other than viceroys and governors — has not spread to India ? 



* Adopted to a limited extent in Bombay, e.g., in numbering the cross 
lanes in Kamatipura. 

t " And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is 
called Straight, and enquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul of Tarsus, 
for, behold, he praveth.-' 



b BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

t- 

We have no Morley street in Bombay.* Nor do wars and bat- 
tles inspire our Municipality as they do the civic authorities 
in England, and notably those of Manchester. At pres6nt, 
next to Waterloo and Trafalgar, Alma is the battle most fre- 
quently commemorated in England in this way. It occurs 
nine times in suburban London, but London is outdone by , 
Leeds, which has ten Almas, and Leeds by Manchester, which" 
has fourteen. Inkerman occurs twice in London, twice in 
Birmingham, and three times in Manchester, which last city 
must hold the record for warlike nomenclature. Manchester, 
in addition to her ten Trafalgars and eleven Waterloos, com- 
memorates Ladysmith, Khartoum, Sedan, Strasburg, Lucknow, 
Blenheim, Hastings, and even ancient Troy. Avoiding those 
types of name, Bombay has derived many of its street-names — 
as one would expect in the East — from castes or occupations. 
Then it has a fine mixture of English, Parsi, Hindu and Maho- 
medan family names, the English being a far larger group than 
the others and the Portuguese being, somewhat unexpectedly, 
almost negligible in size. Among other large groups of names 
are those derived from mythology and places of worship, trees, 
tanks, and physical peculiarities, while a fair number of names 
has been imported direct, ready-made so to speak, from other 
parts of Lidia. 

Although the renaming of streets in Bombay has not 
been carried very far, the subject is one to which attention 
should be paid. The Mr. Gilders of one generation {see Gilder 
Street) are liable to be forgotten and supplanted by the Lords 
Lamington of the next ; but street names are changed for all 
sorts of reasons besides that involved in the case just referred 
to. The war has accounted for a wholesale changing of names 
on the continent, after the fashion of that from St. Petersburg 
to Petrograd ; but Bombay is fortunate in having no Teutonic 
names to be eliminated. Gratitude also may sometimes be 
the ostensible cause as the following two instances will show : — 

The Municipality of Kavala has telegraphed to President Poincare begging 
him to allow the name of France to be given to one of the boulevards of the 



* Liverpool, the birthplace of W, E. Gladstone, has in all nine streets, 
roads, etc., named after that statesman. London has only two Gladstone 
thoroughfares, but Manchester and Salford have six Gladstone Streets, besides 
nine Gladstone Terraces and two Gladstone Villas, and Birmingham has three 
Gladstone Roads, one Gladstone Strefet, four Gladstone Terraces, and 11 
Gladstone Places. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 7 

fown in order to recall to future generations the debt of gratitude they owe 
to France for the inclusion of Kavala in the new Greece. M. Poincare has 
acceded to the request of the Municipality, and the French Legation at A^ens 
has been instructed to communicate the telegrams exchanged to M. Venezelos. 
(2^ Times, September 16th, 1913.) 

> The Lisbon Municipality has decided to give the name of London to one 
of the principal streets of the capital as an expression of gratitude for the 
reprieve of the man Oliveira Ccelho, who was recently sentenced to death, 
at Liverpool for the murder of his wife on board a British steamer on the high 
seas. {The Pall Mall Gazette, June 9th, 1914.) 

The latter case is peculiar because Coelho liad no connection 
with England until he was taken to Liverpool and tried. The 
Portuguese Government urged that he should not be executed 
on the ground, amongst others, that there was no capital punish- 
ment in his own country. The defence was set up that he was 
not of sound mind, but an appeal failed. The circumstances, 
to an English mind, hardly seem to call for commemoration 
by such an act as that proposed by the Lisbon Municipality. 

In London, convenience and not sentiment has made neces- 
sary a great deal of renaming. The following account of it is 
given in the L. C. €. List of the Streets and Places (1912 edition). 
At the beginning of 1857 the Metropolitan Board of Works 
commenced the arduous task of simplifying the nomenclature 
and numbering of the streets of London by working steadily 
through a long list of renamings and renumberings suggested 
by the Post Office. The first case dealt with was that of the 
" New Road " which was formed in 1756-7 (under an Act of 
Parliament) between the " Angel " at Islington and the Edgware 
Road as a continuation of the City Road to connect Paddington 
with the City. The number of subsidiary names, as Angel, 
Terrace, Euston Place, York Buildings, etc., in the thoroughfare 
was no less than 55. The Board's Resolution was as follows : — 
" That the portion of the New Road between Edgware Road and 
Osnaburgh Street be called Marylebone Road ; the portion bet- 
ween Osnaburgh Street and King's Cross, be called Euston Road ; 
and the portion between King's Cross and the Angel Inn, 
at Islington, be called Pentonville Road, and that all the 
separate names of places at present existing in the line of 
the said New Road, be abolished." The numbers were applied 
on the odd and even principle, and this system of number- 
ing has been substantially observed in all subsequent renum- 
berings. 

In 1889 the London Comity Council succeeded the Metro- 
politan Board of Works, and since that date about 1,500 streets 



8 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

bearing repeated names have been renamed, and 3,500 subsi- 
diary names abolislied. The success that has been obtained 
in this direction must be regarded as considerable when jt^,is 
borne in mind that renamings, particularly in the case of busii.ess 
and more important thoroughfares, are often opposed by the 
residents affected, who regard themselves as arbitrarily chosen 
victims of reform, and plead that not theirs but the other streets , * 
of the same name should be renamed. 

Opposition to the renaming of streets has not been confined 
to London. There have been occasional instances of it in 
Bombay ; but no one case from Bombay is quite so instructive 
as the following from Calcutta : — 

An interesting little study in street nomenclature is afforded by a petition 
which has been sent to the Chairman of the Calcutta Corporation by ratepayers 
and residents in Doorgadass Mukerjee's Lane, Grey Street. The lane was con- 
verted from a cul de sac into a puT^lic thoroughfare through the efforts of the 
late Babu Doorgadass Mukerjee, and was named after him. The name has 
now been changed to Raja Benoy Krishna 'Lane, but the people of the vicinity 
strongly object to the alteration, declaring that they "always cherish and 
revere with the utmost love and esteem the hallowed memory of the late 
Babu Doorgadass Mukerjee, whose name is almost a household word in the 
locality," and urging that the lane "ever reminds the people of the locality 
of. the honoured name of a devout and revered Brahmin " to utter which is 
regarded by the Hindus as an act of piety. Apparently, the reason for changing 
the name was to avoid confusion with another lane at Kidderpore, but the 
petitioners argue that the other lane is eight miles off, that they have never 
had any cause of complaint as to the delivery of their letters, and that their 
lane should be allowed to retain its old designation, which it has borne for 
about thirty-five years. As a general rule it may be admitted that if the 
name of a street or lane is associated with any local memory this is an excellent 
reason for its preservation. {The Statesman, January 13th, 1914.) 

Another case of renaming may be quoted from Calcutta. 
In that city, churches, temples, and mosques have given their 
names in whole or in part to a number of streets. So too in 
Bombay, and in some cases not a little labour has been required 
to discover what is the place of worship vaguely hinted at by 
some such name as " Church Street." The kind of difficulty 
by which the inquirer may find himself surrounded is well 
illustrated in the following case. There used to be in Calcutta 
a " Portuguese Church Street," but the name, according to 
The Catholic Herald, (May 1914), suddenly disappeared. One 
day the old name-board was taken down and yielded its place 
to " Synagogue Street." Had this been due to the sudden 
conversion en masse of the inhabitants of the street to the Jewish 
faith, The Catholic Herald would surely have had some expla- 
natory comment to offer. But all it said was : — ^" The reason 







BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 9 

why remains a mystery. We have indeed three synagogues 
in our neighbourhood, but one is in Pollock Street, the second 
in C|,qning Street, and the third in Old China Bazar Lane. 
Which of the three can boast of having given its name to 
Portuguese Church Street, which has no synagogue V 

The cases just quoted show the necessity for the observance 
y some system in renaming streets and Calcutta has done 
well to take precautions against haphazard changes. In 
September, 1916, The Statesman, in announcing that the 
Calcutta Corporation had appointed a Committee to formulate 
some kind of policy in regard to the naming and re-naming 
of streets said : — '"Some scores of historic names have been 
obliterated, and a corresponding number of meaningless new 
names have been introduced. Very often a name is changed 
simply because some family wishes to have its name given to a 
street as a cheap way of gaining immortality. Later on, when 
the family is forgotten, some local worthy earns a reputation 

■j, for benevolence by giving four annas to a blind beggar, and his 
relatives and friends demand that the name of the old family 
shall be expunged and the name of the new benefactor substitu- 
ted." 

This leads one on to another aspect of the question. If 
residents in a certain street object to its being renamed, they 
may in rare instances be allowed a voice in the original selection 
of the name. In such cases what motive would determine 
their choice ? The reader can best answer that conundrum 
by considering what name he would select for the street he lives 
m. Possibly his reply would not be free from a suggestion of 
egoism ; but here is an interesting example to show that worthier 
motives may possibly suggest a choice of names. It is taken 
from the minutes of the Bombay Municipal Corporation for 

, February, 1913 :— 

Considered — Letter to the President, dated the 30th December 1912, 
from the Joint Honorary Secretary, Matunga Residents Association : — " We 
beg to suggest that new foot-bridge erected on the Matmiga Station be named 
after our popular Governor Sir George Clarke, and the new carriage track 
connecting the Vincent Road with the bridge be called " Lady Clarke Road." 
We trust this will meet your approval." 

Proposed by Mr. Jaffer Rahimtoola, seconded by Mr. Shapoorjee Sorabjee- 
Mistry— " That the letter, dated the 30th December 1912, from the Joint 
Honorary Secretary, Matimga Residents Association, suggesting that the 
new footbridge on the Matunga Station and the new carriage track connecting 
the Vincent Road, with the bridge, be named after His Excellency the Gover- 
nor and Lady Sydenham, be recorded." 



10 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( * 

The most subtle renaming, however, is of an almost accidental 
tind, when in the process of time the spelling of a name is 
gradually changed until its origm becomes unrecog^aigable, 
Gunbow Street well illustrates this; and the process may actually 
be seen going on to-day, for many of the Municipal name plates 
give incorrect versions of a name. It is no uncommon thing 
to find a name rightly spelled at one end of a street and wrongly 
at the other. Carelessness and ignorance of the kind which 
turns Medows Street into Meadow Street cause many changes. 
Others again may be said to be deliberate and attributable to 
fashion. When the Madras Government in 1688 adopted a 
proposal to name the streets of Madras one was called St. Thomas 
Street. Colonel Love, in " Vestiges of Old Madras," suggests 
that "had the apostrophe been generally recognised in the 
manuscript of the period St. Thomas Street would, doubtless, 
have been written St. Thoma's Street. In the next century 
it was often called St. Thome Street, but its present designation 
is St. Thomas's Street." 

A time no doubt will come when the whole problem of 
naming and renaming streets will be greatly simplified. It 
will then be a matter of hard cash and the aspirant to immor- 
tality will buy the right to affix his name to a street. There 
should be no difiiculty in assessing the amount to be paid, 
which, on an average, might be about the same as that paid 
for a CLE. The writer does not claim to have originated this 
pleasing idea ; on the contrary he has taken it from The Times 
(February 3, 1915) w^hich prints the following : — 

CICERO AND SANITATION. 

THE PRICE OF IMMORTALITY. 

We have received from Savona, Italy, the following printed appeal to 
generous "lovers of classical memories " in quest of immortality. The price 
of immortality is £2,000. The words " From a village stricken by the earth-' 
quake " were added in writing by the sender, apparently as an after-thought 
and stimulus. 

(From a Village stricken by the Earthquake.) 

To Lovers of Classical Memories. 

A commune which derives its name and its origin from the great friend 
of Cicero, Pomponius Atticus, situated in one of the most smiling valleys of 
the Apennines, in a fertile and well-tilled region amid hills full of classic 
memories, seems destined to enjoy a respectable future if it can secure those 
mprovements which progress demands. Hitherto it has been able to secure 
oads to save it from isolation, schools with suitable buildings, lighting, 
linking water, but it has not, and never can, secure the sums necessary 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 11 

for a complete clearance of insanitary areas without which any improvement 
of hygiene, cleanliness, and aesthetics is impossible. y 

Whoever should offer the amount fixed by the experts (£2,000) would be 
entitled to give his name to the main street. In the principal square a 
monuJhent would be erected to him, and every year he would be commemorated 
in*the church, were he a Catholic, or, in the schools and at the Town Hall 
were he of another religion. 

The Municipality promises this formally, in the hope of finding a gener- 
<;\U8 man worthy to unite his name with the immortal name of Pomponius 
Atticus. 

For further information apply to Guido CofoUa, via Montenotte, 21, 
Savona, Italy. 

JV.5. — The amount will be deposited either with the Mayor or with the 
parish priest, or in a public institute, or with a notary, as may best please 
the donor. 

Tlje chief objection to adopting in India any sucli scheme 
as that just outlined is that the natives of this country have the 
habit of calling streets, or portions of a street, by unofficial 
names derived from some obvious characteristics. The reader 
has only to turn to the explanation of the origin of Abdul Rehman 
Street, which is given in this book, to find a good example of 
this custom of dual nomenclature. Bombay cannot claim 
to be peculiar in this respect for Mr. Hardiman, lecturing at 
Rangoon in September, 1916, showed that the Burmese follow 
the same custom. The Rangoon Times added the comment : — 
" Any person who tells a gharry wallah to go to Calcutta Road 
will be taken without delay to Phayre Street. The Calcutta 
boats used to sail from the foot of what is now Phayre Street, 
and the name has stuck. Similarly with regard to Mogul Street ; 
to many Rangoon people it is even more familiar as " Chettys' 
Road." There are no less than 106 Chetties in that Street 
on the voters' list of the Hindu Community and the total must 
be considerably more, as not all of them take the trouble to 
have their names entered as voters." 

It may be expected that, as time goes on, the picturesque 
vernacular suffixes* will disappear and there will be no more 



*Bagh {e.^., Bhattia Bagh). Persian : a garden. Variously spelled baugh, 
baug, and bag. 

Gullee {e.g., Palki Gullee). Hindustani gali, a lane, an alley. 

Khadi {e.g., Umarkhadi). Marathi : an arm of the sea, a creek, a deep 
trench cut to carry off water. Buist's Guide to Bombay somewhat narrows 
down the connotation of the word. "The neighbourhood of the Mazagon 
Gaol is termed Omarkader, Kader being the word always applied to salt water 
creeks dry at ebb tide." 

Moholla {e.g., Vanka MohoUa). This is the Persian maJialla, meaning 
a street, a ward, or a quarter of a town. This Persian word is from the 
Arabic mahal, a district. (C/. Panch Mahals in Gujarat,) 



12 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( • 

Mohollas, Wadis, and Oarts, but the deadly monotony of road 
&nd street will take their place. Even so, some principle will 
have to be observed for the two words are not interchang^ble. 
A wholly satisfactory answer to the question " Wherf is^ a 
road not a road ? " will never be obtainable, except in new 
districts where a hard and fast rule can be observed. The 
question has even been brought mto court, and not long agoca 
resident of North Finchley, London, (see The Times, September 
26, 1913) objected to his address being given at the Revision 
Court as a "road" when it was really an "avenue." The 
distinction is upheld in the London County Council regulations 
dealing with the naming of streets and the numbering of houses 
formulated under Part IV of the London Building Act of 1894. 
The term " road " is there expressly confined to such thorough- 
fares as may be deemed to be of "sufficient length or importance;" 
and the Council's favourable consideration of applications 
to use the terms " avenue " and " grove " is stated to be con- 
ditional upon " the planting and maintenance of suitable trees 
in the streets in question." 

In commenting on that distinction. The Times said :" These 
regulations are valid only within the administrative county 
of London, and apply primarily only to new streets ; but there 
can be no doubt that their existence must exercise some influence 
in the adjoining suburbs, and that in the course of time a certain 
measure of uniformity will be achieved over a considerable area. 
Whether the distinctions drawn by the County Council are to 
be justified either on the grounds of etymology or of fact is 
another matter. Were they suddenly to require naming now, 
Oxford-street and Regent-street would presumably have as 
strong claims as Edgware-road and Tottenham-court-road 



Oart {e.g., Zaoba's Oart). A coconut garden. The word is peculiar 
to Western India, and is a corruption of Portuguese orta, now more usualty 
horta. Sir G. Bird wood quoted in Hobson-Jobson, writes : " Any man's 
particular allotment of coconut trees in the groves at Mahim or Girgaum 
is spoken of as his oart." 

Pada {e.g., in Agripada) "is identical with the Kanarese padi, meaning 
a village or settlement, and is one of the many words suggestive of a consi- 
derable Dravidian element in the early population of Bombay." (Bombay 
City Gazetteer, I, p. 30.) 

Pura {e.g., Kamatipura). Sanskrit : a town, a city. In Hindi pur, much 
used in compound words, as Kanhpur — commonly Cawnpore. 

Wada and Wadi {e.g., Bhoiwada and Champawadi). Whitworth's Anglo- 
Indian Dictionary gives wada, Marathi, from wad, a hedge, an enclosure, 
a ward or quarter of a town. Wadi, the feminine form of Wada : its use 
is generally more literal than that of the masculine form. 



,• 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 13 

to the eAjoyment of the title " road." So long, however, as 
the fundamental principle underlying these distinctions is not^ 
flagrantly absurd, it may be accepted without cavil, and the 
Couijcil is certainly wise in not attempting to imitate the methods 
of »Procrustes and to bring important thoroughfares with names 
of long-standing within the strict limits of its regulations." 
, The article in The Times just quoted goes on to say : "A 
fil-m insistence upon appropriate nomenclature may prove of 
some value to the cause of social reform. Theoretically, at 
any rate, there is no greater justification for the landlord who 
deliberately misnames the thoroughfares on his property than 
there is for the tradesman who applies a false description to 
his goods. If the word " avenue " does in fact bring tangible - 
advantages to the owner of the property, it is only fair to msist 
that he m turn should lay out the land in such a manner as to 
vindicate the appellation." On this suggestion, that there 
should be any cash difference between a street and a road — ■ 
any tangible advantage to the owner or to the municipality — 
an interesting comment is afforded in the following note by a 
correspondent of The Manchester Guardian (March, 1914). 
He states that while in Blackburn recently he discovered a 
number of streets which had lately, with the consent of the 
Corporation, been altered from streets to roads. The person 
responsible for the alteration had a fine and impartial taste in 
politicians, for " Winston Road " was neighboured by " Beres- 
ford Road," but the tenants who now lived in a " road " had 
to pay for the privilege ; their rent was raised six pence a week 
from the date the change was made. Most of the tenants seem 
to have thought that increase in social dignity derived from the 
alteration was worth the money, and they paid it willingly. 
One wonders what the cost of an avenue would have been. 

, Bombay appears to furnish no examples of disputes as to when 
a road is an avenue or a street, but Calcutta ha^ been vexed 
with the similar problem of when is a ditch not a ditch. For 
instance, the Kalighat People's Association lately passed a resolu- 
tion : " That m view of the fact that the Hon'ble The Govern- 
ment of Bengal are now prepared to duly consider objections 
and suggestions in a matter regarding ' Tolly's Nala ' (vide 
Calcutta Gazette, dated 11th October 1916), this Association begs 
most respectfully to object to the name this sacred streamlet 
is officially called by, as aforesaid in preference to the holy 



14 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

name she goes by throughout Hindoostan among the< Hin(io6s 
and humbly suggests the restoration of her proper name " Adi 
\^anga/' being in fact not a despised " Nala " (ditch), but a 
water held in the deepest reverence by the Hindoos, as- the 
Jordan in Christendom." 

Finally, it seems essential that a more liberal use of expla- 
natory tablets should be introduced in Bombay. Waudby 
Road, for instance, is one of the few exceptions — as the following ^ 
pages will show — to the general rule that in Bombay there are 
no finger posts to history. The tablet system appears to have 
originated in London where the County Council piously preserves 
the memory of the departed great by affixing tablets to the 
houses in which they lived. It would be impossible to put 
up these interesting little contributions to history in every 
street that bears the name of some forgotten hero, nor would 
it be desirable. But in the case of new roads there should be 
no difficulty. If we are to have a Kingsway let there be a 
tablet underneath the name-plate, explaining that the street 
was so called during the reign of King George V. Even Kings 
and Queens, with their perplexing dates, are soon forgotten. 
Few people are much the wiser when they are told that Queen's 
College, Oxford, is called after Queen Philippa, and Queen's 
College, Cambridge, after Margaret of Anjou. There was a 
King's lunette in the old Fort in Bombay, but whether called 
. after a monarch or not it is difficult to say. There is an Alex- 
andra Road in Bombay, one of a little group in Gamdevi which 
owe their names to the species of tree planted along them by 
the Improvement Trust : these are Laburnum Road, Alexandra 
Road, and Cirrus Avenue. To the principle here followed there 
can be no objection, for place-names derived from trees are 
'Common throughout India, but these names are rather severely 
botanical. Everyone knows a laburnum when he sees one in 
flower, but the writer will probably not be alone in making the 
confession that he has no idea what a Cirrus or an Alexandra 
look like. The Queen-mother will, of course, be thought to be 
the Alexandra referred to, whereas she is presumably godmother 
to the tree and gives her name only by that indirect method to 
the road. Scores of similar puzzles will be found in the follow- 
ing pages, and frequent failure to detect the reason for certain 
names being applied to streets may persuade those concerned 
in naming our streets that even the greatest of us £^re epheme- 



,♦ 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 15 



ral, liable Ho be ignored by a posterity which will probably 
pay as little attention to local history — unless it be forced 
on their notice — as does the present generation. Yet some 
conscia+ion may be derived from the fact that Bombay is not 
pewliar in this respect.* 



> *Sonie valuable notes on Madras place-names in " Vestiges of Old Madras " 
bj-.Col. H. D. Love (Vol. Ill, p. 560) are accompanied by the remark that " the 
origin of the present designation of roads and houses within the urban area 
of Madras is in many cases already forgotten." 

Lord Carmichael,presiding at the annual meeting of the Calcutta Histori- 
cal Society in March, 1916, said he wondered whether something could be 
done to stimulate the interest of members to make individual efforts in original 
historical research. One point had been brought to his notice, viz., the need 
of tracing the history of the names of Calcutta streets. Very little was known 
of Calcutta history between 1785 and 1850. If any members had time to 
examine the files of old newspapers or periodicals they would probably obtain 
interesting information about old street names. A recent number of the 
Society's journal shows that His Excellency's advice has been taken. 



( 

f 
16 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 



Abdul Kehman Street. (Crawford Market to Pydhoni.) , 

The origin of this name has been traced with much labour 
by Mr. K. P. Karkaria. At first he was inchned to think that 
the street is named after a famous saint or pir, Abdul Rehmah, 
whose shrine on the Cathedral rock, near Kalyan, is known to 
many in Bombay. The compiler of this book, having discovered 
that in the early nineteenth century there was in Bombay a well 
known horse dealer named Abdul Rehman, thought that worthy 
might have been the man after whom this noted thorough- 
fare was called. But Mr. Karkaria discovered that the epony- 
mous worthy was neither saint nor horse dealer, but a Konkani 
Mahomedan — who flourished 150 years ago — once owner of most 
of the land in this locality. After his time Sir Jamsetji Jeejeebhai, 
1st Baronet, (1783-1859), came to own large properties here and 
a section of this street is commonly known to this day as Batli- 
vala Mohola, or street, Batlivala being the Baronet's surname. 

This street has sexeral sections known to Indians by different 
names : Batlivala Street (as above) ; Machhi Bazaar, fish market, 
there being one in the locality up till 30 years ago ; Bangri- 
bazaar, market for bangles, there being shops of bangle dealers ; 
and Rangari Mohola, street of dyers. 

Adam Street. (From Apollo Pier to Lansdowne Road.) 

Named after Mr. J. Adams, executive engineer and teacher of 
architectural drawing, Sir J. J. School of Art. He designed the 
Yacht Club Chambers (see aho Stevens Street). The street is 
called Adam after a man called Adams on the same principle of 
perversity which leads many people to speak of an Adams 
ceiling or mantelpiece when they mean it has been designed by 
one of the famous brothers Adam.' 

Adams Street. (West Agripada, 1911.) 
Near the Adams Wyllie Hospital. (See Wyllie Road.) 

Agiary Lane. (From Borah Bazaar to Mint Road.) 

Named after an Agiary, or Fire Temple, of the Parsis knowji 
as Maneckji Seth Agiary, built by Maneckji Nowroji Sett 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 17 

1748), the owner of Nowroji Hill, in 1733 {vide Bombay Bahar, 
by Wacha, p. 445). Rebuilt 1891. (Parsi Dharmasthal by Pat^, 
p. 8, also p. 364 ; and da Cunlia, p. 297.) 



l^T Agiary Lane. {From Sheikh Memon Street to Dhunji 
Street.) 

. Named after an Agiary, or Fire Temple, of the Parsis known 
as Kappawala's Agiary, first consecrated in 1857 by Shapurji 
Kappawala's (1777-1856) daughter in memory of her father and 
according to his testament. (Parsi Dharmasthal, p. 146.) 

2nd Agiary Lane. {From Sheikh Memon Street to Dhanji 
Street.) 

Named after an Agiary, or Fire Temple, of the Parsis known as 
Muncherji Bomanji Seth's Agiary. It was founded in 1796 by 
his son, Sohrabji Manockji Seth (Parsi Prakash, I. 81) ; and 
was rebuilt in 1822 by the heirs of Mr. Sohrabji Manockji Seth 
and again in 1896 by Mr. Framji Hormusji Seth and other 
trustees. This Muncherji Seth was connected with the Seth 
family, the owners of Nowroji Hill and builders of the Agiary in 
the Fort known as Maneckji Seth's Agiary. {Vide supra Agiary 
Lane.) 

Agiary Street. {Bhendy Bazaar.) 

Named after an Agiary, or Fire Temple, of the Parsis known 
as Mewawala Agiary, which wa's first consecrated in 1851 by 
Bomanji Mewawala in memory of his son, Sorabji, who had died 
in the previous year. ' Mewa ' means fruit, and this Parsi 
had made his money by selling dried fruits. This Agiary was 
removed in 1914 to Connaught Road, Byculla. 

Agripada. 

" Such names as Nagpada and Agripada are obviously of 
Dravidian origin, jpada or padu being the ordinary Kanareso 
word for a hamlet." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I. 144.) The 
district, now developed by the Improvement Trust, seems once 
to have been occupied by Agris or cultivators. There are three 
sub-divisions or classes of Agris in Bombay, viz : Bhat Agris or 
rice cultivators, (2) Mitha Agris or salt manufacturers and (3) 
Bhaji-pala Agris or vegetable cultivators. The Gazetteer states 



18 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

that, according to the most widely known Marathi account, the 
iirst immigrants to Bombay in 1294 included seven families of 
Agris. 

The locality is also called after Hiraji Balaji, a former paVel pr 
head-man of the Agris. 

Ahmed ABAD Street. (Fro7n Argyle Road to Frere Road.) 

This road, which was constructed by the Bombay Port Trust 
and handed over to the Municipality in June, 1883, is named 
after the City of Ahmedabad in Gujarat. The streets over a 
considerable part of the Port Trust property have been named 
after towns in Western India. 

Akalkot Lane No. 1. (^ blind lane from Kandewadi Lane.) 

About forty or fifty years ago there lived at Akalkot a holy 
saint who was believed by some to be a favourite devotee of the 
god Dattatraya, and by others to be an incarnation of Datta 
(Trinity) himself. He was famous for his powers of healing the 
sick and giving to his devotees the objects of their desires. 
After his death several' persons who were his disciples and who 
had been given by him some prasad or mark of favour — such as 
paduka, or wooden shoes, or betelnuts, or cocoanuts — founded 
Maths, or shrines, in his honour in different places. One such 
Math was founded in Kandewadi Cross Lane which from that 
time has been called Akalkot Lane. (Rao Bahadur P. B. 
Joshi.) 

Albert Road. (From Chinchpokli Road to Ghorupdeo Road.) 

Named after the Albert Sassoon Mills situated on the Road. 

Sir Albert Abdullah David Sassoon, Bart. (1818-1896), son of 
David Sassoon, State Treasurer of Baghdad ; born there and 
educated in India, his father having first removed to Bushire' 
and then to Bombay, where he established a banking and 
mercantile house ; head of the firm in 1864 ; made many hand- 
some donations to Bombay, including the Sassoon Wet Dock at 
Colaba ; settled in England ; made a Baronet 1890 ; died 1896. 

Alexandra Road. (Gamdevi, — !. T. Scheme IV. Road 4, 
1911.) 

Because of the description of the trees— Alexandra laurels — ■ 
planted by the Improvement Trust along this road. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 19 

» t 

Ali Umar Street. {From Banian Road to Erskine Road.) ^ 

Named after Shaikh Ali Umar, a mistry or carpenter, who has 

a hoflse there. 

<» 
■ 

Altamont Eoad. (A blind road from Hermitage Pass.) 

, Named after a Bungalow called " Altamont." According to 
Douglas (Glimpses of Bombay, p. 47) it let in 1865 for Rs. 1,000 
a month. The steepness of the road and the height of the hill 
suggest that the origin of the name is to be found in mere geo- 
graphical peculiarities — " high hill road." It would be more 
romantic if one could trace some connexion with that Colonel 
Altamont " with very black hair and whiskers, dyed evidently 
with the purple of Tyre," who was in the service of the " Nawab 
of Lucknow " and who appears' — -a sad rascal — in the pages of 
Pendennis. 

Ambroli. (Girgaum.) 

" It was on the 29th March 1832 that the germ of what 
became the General Assembly's Listitution was established 
as the Ambrolie English School, connected with the Scottish 
Mission." (Life of John Wilson, by Dr. G. Smith, p. 78.) 

Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi writes : — •" I am of opinion that 
the name is a corruption from the old name of the locality. 
It appears to be derived from umhar, a fig tree (ficus glomerata) 
and ali, a lane. So the original name appears to have been 
Umbarali or Umbrali. There are other instances of the name. 
For example the village near Sopara in the Bassein taluka of 
the Thana district is called Umbrali. Ambra is Sanskrit for 
the mango, and native Christians may have changed Umbrali 
into Ambrali or Ambroli." 



An ANT WAD Y. {A blind lane from Cathedral Street.) 

Named after a Hermitage of a holy Hindu saint byname 
" Anant-Rishi." 



Annesley Road. {A blind lane from Lamington Road to B. B. 
& C.I. Railway.) 

Perhaps named after General Annesley who commanded the 
Bombay District about 1880. 



20 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( ' 

Anstey Road. (A blind road from Altamont Road.) 

Named after Mr. T. C. Anstey, who lived there. Thomas 
Chisholm Anstey (1816-73) was for long a well-known figure at 
the bar of Bombay. He had a very chequered career having 
been a professor of law, a Member of Parliament (1847-52), and 
Attorney-General at Hongkong. Anstey was somewhat, 
eccentric and led the life of a recluse, though in his profession 
he was very successful. Douglas, who gives an account of 
Anstey in " Bombay and Western India " (Vol. I., p. 234) says : 
" Punch has immortalised him. He recommended that the 
annual search for a Gunpowder Plot, in the vaults of the House 
of Commons, should be abandoned, as T. C. A., M.P., was wet 
blanket enough for any conflagration." 

Antop Hill. 

Eao Bahadur P. B. Joshi writes : — " The name of this hill, like 
the names of Babulnath hill, Nowroji's hill, appears to have 
been given from the name of the Hindu or Portuguese owner or 
proprietor of the hill. It may be either from Antone or Antoba. 
The former according to the rules of the phonetic changes of the 
Prakrit language is not plausible because the fuial "n" cannot be 
changed into p. The name Antop is therefore derived from the 
name Antoba or Antob, the final "b" being pronounced as p. The 
hill was Antob's hill and must have been so called and the name 
appears to have been corrupted into Antop either by Portu- 
guese or English writers. Antoba or Antob is a popular and 
common name among the old Hindu residents of Bombay, and 
a late Assistant Secretary to Bombay Government was called 
N. Antoba. He was an old Hindu resident and landed pro- 
prietor and possessed properties at Girgaum, Varli, etc." 

Apollo Bandar. 

Apollo Street. {From Elphinstone Circle to Colaba Causeway.) 

"The origin of Apollo (Bandar) is still undetermined. In 
Aungier's agreement (1672-74) it appears as Polo, while in 1743 
it is written Pallo ; and the original form of these words is va- 
riously stated to have been Palva (a large war- vessel) and Pallav 
(a cluster uf sprouts or shoots). A fourth derivation is from 
Padao (small trading-vessel) known to Bombay residents of the 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 21 

seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as the class of vessels 
chiefly used by the Malabar Pirates. Of the four derivatidhs 
that^ from Pallav is perhaps the most plausible.' (Bombay 
CitV* Gazetteer, I. 25.) 

Maclean's Guide to Bombay quotes the following derivation 
•^by Sir M. Westropp : " Polo, a corruption of Palwa, derived 
from Pal, which, inter alia, means a fighting vessel, by which kind 
of craft the locality was probably frequented. From Palwa or 
Palwar, the bunder now called Apollo is supposed to take its 
name. In the memorial of a grant of land, dated 5th December 
1743, by Government to Essa Motra, in exchange for land taken 
from him as site for part of the fort walls, the pakhade in ques- 
tion is called Pallo." (Naorojee Beramji v. Rogers. High Court 
Reports. Vol. IV. Part I.) 

According to a letter to the Municipality, published in The 
Times of India, 23rd March 1916, part of Apollo Street is known 
to the residents as " Dust Locality." 

Apollo Bandar is inscribed Wellington Pier. {q. v.) 

Arab Lane. (From Grant Road to Bapty Road.) 

Probably named after the Arab Pearl Merchants who live in 
this Lane. There is another explanation to be found in the story 
that an Arab ascetic, who pretended to possess supernatural 
powers, put up in this lane about forty-five years ago, and the 
lane was called after him. This Arab was befriended by several 
prominent people, one of whom, being childless, was said to 
have faith in this man who promised him children. 

► Ardesir Dady Street. (From Girgaum Bach Road to Falkland 
Road.) 

Named after a rich Parsi gentleman Mr. Ardesir Dady Seth 
(1757-1810), a banker, much respected in his own as well as other 
communities. Sir Bartle Frere said that Duncan, the Governor 
of Bombay, caused the Cathedral bell to be tolled as his funeral 
passed by as a mark of respect from the ruling community. 
(Frere 's Speeches, p. 320.) He also built Dady Seth's Agiary 
in Hornby Road, Fort, and his father Dady Nasserwanji (1735- 
1799) built Dady Seth's Fire Temple in Phanaswadi. 



22 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Aegyle Road. (Known as Mandvi-Carnac Bandar.) * 

SDonstructed by the Bombay Port Trust and handed over to 
the Municipality in two portions, one on 30th June, 1883^ and 
the other on 18th July, 1891. Named after the eighth Dukr of 
Argyle (1823-1900) who was Secretary of State for India froni' 

1868-74. 

« 
Armenian Lane. (From Tamarind Lane to Esplanade Road.) 

Named after an Armenian Church situated in Medows Street 
close by, which was erected by the early Armenians at the end 
of the eighteenth century. The Armenians " resided mostly 
within the Fort enclosure, where they have left the legacy of 
their name to the Armenian Lane." (Da Cunha, p. 294.) 

Arthur Eoad. (Bellasis Bridge to Parel CJiawl Road.) 

Arthur Bandar Road. (From Colaba Road to Cotton Green.) 

Both the above are named after Sir George Arthur, Bart., 
Governor of Bombay, 1842-46. He was born in 1784 and 
entered the army in 1804. Served in Italy, Egypt, Sicily, 
and the Walcheren expedition. Was successively Lieutenaat- 
Govemor of British Honduras, Lieutenant-Governor of Van 
Diemen's Land,- and Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada 
before coming to Bombay. Baronet 1841. Lieutenant-General 
and Colonel of the 50th Regiment. Died 1854. 

Arthur Crawford Market. (West of junction of Hornby 
Road and Carnac Road.) 

The first part of it was opened in 1868, and the rest in 1869. 
" At a meeting held on 26th April 1868, on the motion of Dossa- 
bhoy Framji, Esq., seconded by Captain Hancock, Mr. Craw- 
ford's name was associated with the Esplanade Market." 
(Michael: History of the Municipal Corporation, p. 480.) A 
marble tablet on the north wall of the building bears the fol- 
lowing inscription : " The Arthur Crawford Municipal Market, 
erected 1868 on the initiation of Arthur Travers Crawford, 
C.M.G., I.C.S., Municipal Commissioner of the Citv of Bombay, 
1865-1871." 

Mr. Crawford (1835-1911) took a leading part in improving 
Bombay. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 23 

Ash Lane. {Esplanade Road to Medows Street.) 

This and its neighbour Oak Lane are not easily to be explained. 
Ash may have been a man and Oak, unusual as a name, may 
ha-\?9 been given as a twin -name. Dean Lane in the vicinity 
1^ another subject for guess-work. 

•^Assembly Lane. (A blind lane from Ardesir Dady Street.) 

Named after a building in occupation of Christian Mission- 
aries who used to assemble there, called Free General Assembly's 
Institution. This institution is otherwise known as Dr. Wil- 
son's School from the famous Dr. Wilson (1804-75) who founded 
it and was for long its principal. 

Attar Street. (East of Parel Road, BJiendi Bazaar.) 

So called from there having been shops of perfume sellers in 
the locality. The word is the Arabic itr, perfume. From this 
is derived attar, a perfume. Hobson-Jobson quotes the analo- 
gous Via Latterini in Palermo, and the Atarin in Fez. 

Babula Tank Eoad. (From Jail Road East to Parel Road.) 

Babula Tank called after the babul or acacia arabica. (Camp- 
bell, III, 595.) The tree in question is a thorny mimosa common 
in most parts of India except the Malabar Coast. (See Hobson- 
Jobson.) The tank of this name formerly existed by this road, 
but a great portion of it was filled up in 1907. 

This is one of the many tree -derivations which are disputed. 
Mr. Karkaria maintains that the tank is called after a man 
named Babula who lived in the vicinity. (See also Babulnath.) 

Babulnath Koad. (From Chaupati to Chaupati Road.) 

Constructed by the P. W. D. for the City Improvement Trust 
and handed over to the Municipality on the 30th June 1901. 
Named after the Hindu Temple of Shiva called Babulnath which 
is on a hill close by. Mr. R. P. Karkaria states that " babul " 
in this connexion has nothing to do with the acacia arabica tree, 
but the temple is called Babulnath after * Babul ' the Hindu 
carpenter who first consecrated the ' ling ' of Shiva here. Babul- 
nath is like many other names of deities in Bombay and else- 
where eponymous of its consecrator Babul. This information 



24 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

about tlie name of the carpenter Babul was confirmed by way 
o: inquiries on the spot from temple people. It is also, to be 
found in K. Raghunathji's " Hindu Temples of Bombay," 
No. 89, p. 38. '/ 

Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi states that the temple was named 
Babulnath because the expenses of the consecration of the ling ^ 
of Shiva were borne by a Somavanshi Kshatriya named Babalji 
Hirji Nath. It means God, and therefore the temple deity was 
called Babul Nath, or the god of Babul, by the Yajurvedi Brah- 
mans who consecrated it. 

Bakehouse Lane. (Frctn Forbes Street to Rampart Row.) 
Named after a Government Bakery that existed here. 

Bala Mia's Gullee. {From Lady Jamsetji Road to Mogal 
Gully.) 

Balaram Street. (From the junction of Falkland and Foras 
Roads to Grant Road.) 

Named after Rao Bahadur EUappa Balaram (died 1914) whose 
residence was on this road. He was born in 1850 at Colaba, where 
his father had come to stay some ten years before. His grand- 
father and his father were known to the British army at Poena, 
Bombay, Deesa and Karachi as suppliers of milk on a large scale. 
After his father's death Mr. Ellappa tried for some time to con- 
tinue his ancestors' business ; but, after being initiated in the 
work of building contractors by Shet Nagu Sayaji, one of the 
well known contractors in the Telugu Community, he found 
that the business of milk supplying was not so lucrative. He 
therefore concentrated his whole energy on contractor's work 
and in the Bhandarwada reservoir work and fortification works 
at Colaba and Mahaluxmi his capacity came into evidence and 
he succeeded in establishing his reputation as a first class build- 
ing contractor. (Times of India, September 1914.) 

Ballard Pier and Road. (From Mint Road and Frere Road 
Junction to a new road along seashore eastwards.) 

Called after General J. A. Ballard, R.E., who was the first 
Chairman of the Bombay Port Trust, holding the post from June 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 25 

1873 to May 1876. General John Alex Ballard (1830-80) was 
in the old Bombay engineers. He saw service in the Crimed 
W^,and was at the siege of Sebastopol. He was also under 
Omar Pasha commanding a Turkish Brigade. He also served 
in the Indian Mutiny. He became Mint Master, Bombay, in 
1861, and when the Port Trust was constituted in 1873, became 
jts President. He died on 2nd April 1880 near the battlefield 
of Thermopylae. He was the son of a Calcutta merchant 
(c/. Buckland Diet. Indian Biog., p. 24). Also a longer notice 
by Sir A. J. Arbuthnot in Diet. Nat. Biog. (2nd edition). Vol. 
I., pp. 1005-6. Kinglake refers to Ballard's gallantry (Crimean 
War, Vol. I). There is a brass floor slab to his memory in the 
centre aisle of St. Thomas' Cathedral. 

The name Ballard is said to be derived from ball, a white 
streak, a word of Celtic origin. It was used, according to 
Wyclif, by the little boys who unwisely called to an irritable 
prophet " stey up ballard " or as the Authorised Version says 
" Go up, thou bald head." (2 Kings II. 23. quoted in Weekley's 
" The Romance of Names.") 

Bamanjee Street. {From Bora Bazaar Street to Raghunath 
Dadaji and Gunhow Streets.) 

Formerly known as Nanabhoy Bomanji Street, this very old 
lane is named after Nanabhoy Bomonji Seth, a noted landlord 
among Parsis in the latter half of the eighteenth century. He 
belonged to the well-known Seth family of the Parsis, and Now- 
roji Hill, Mazagaon, was named after his uncle Nowrosji Rus- 
tomji Seth (1662-1732). The dates of Nanabhoy Bomonji are 
not known, but his signature occurs on various documents from 
1748 — when he must have been at least 20 — to 1799. His 
younger brother, Muncherji Bomonji Seth, died 8th August, 
1799, aged 87. 

Ban AM (or Benham) Hall Lane. {Fro^n Girgaum Road to 
Girgaum Back Road.) 

There was originally in this oart, which consisted of cocoanut 
and plantain trees, a single garden-house named Wan or Ban 
Mahal, meaning " the house in the wood " — ban or wan (wood) 
and mahal (house). Hence the lane came to be called Ban 
Mahal Lane. Mr. Acworth, Municipal Commissioner, 1890-95, 



26 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

receiving letters addressed from this lane, while on leave at home 
Adhere he resided in a house called " Benham " at Malvern, 
suggested its change of name from " Ban Mahal " house to 
" Benham Hall Lane " from his Malvern residence and th]\'v\^as 
adopted. (Facts supplied by Eao Bahadur P. B. Joshi wlro 
lives in this lane.) 

Banganga Road. (Fro^n Walkeshwar Road round the Tank.) * 

Named after the tank bearing this name which is so called 
because the god Ram feeling thirsty is said to hava caused water 
to spring here by striking an arrow into the ground. Ban, 
arrow, Ganga, sacred water, (c/. for the legend about the Tank 
and Temple K. Raghunathji's " Hindu Temples," M. 26, p. 3, 
4, etc.) 

Banian Road, (From Kika Street to Parel Road.) 

From Bania or Vania, a Hindu trading caste who have houses 
there. (For the caste of Vanias, vide Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. 
IX, Part I. Hindus of Gujarat, pp. 69-81, etc.) 

Bank Street. (ElpMnstone Circle to Custom House Road.) 

Named after the Bank of Bombay premises situated in this 
road. " In 1862, when the Elphinstone Circle scheme was 
brought forward the Bank took up land there and commenced 
the erection of the present building, which was completed, and 
to which the Bank was removed in 1866." (Bombay City 
Gazetteer, III p. 220.). 

Bapty Road. {From Grant Road to Parel Road.) 

Named after Mr. James Bapty, the former owner of a flour 
mill situated at the corner of the road at its junction with Falk- 
land Road. Bapty owned a bakery which was formerly well 
known in Bombay for its bread and especially pastry. " Bapty's 
Cakes " were long famous. Pearse succeeded to his business. 

Bapu Ha jam Street. {West of Parel Road, Bhendi Bazaar, near 
Pydhonie.) 

So named after the house of Bapu Ha jam, a Konkani Mussul- 
man, who was a prominent member of the Ha jam, or barber, 
trade, and also practised circumcision among his people. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 27 

Hajam (Arabic) a barber : they act as surgeons also, and their 
women as midwives and nurses. They are Sunnis. (Whit^f 
worth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) 
-> ^ 

B'APU Khote Street. (Kalbadevi Road to Ersakine Road.) 

^ According to one informant it is named after a Mahomedan, 
Bapu Khote, who was a famous barber and a Hakim. 
Another explanation is that it is named after a Konkani Maho- 
medan Khote, landowner, called Bapu, to whom this land once 
belonged. Bapu, originally a Hindu name, has been adopted 
by Konkani Mahomedans. This street is locally known as 
Jambuli Mohola, i.e., Jambul colour street, because it is occu- 
pied by Mahomedan dyers and this jambul, or violet, colour 
is conspicuous there among the dyed clothes exposed to 
dry. 

Barber Lane. (From Cawasji Patel Street to PitJia Street.) 

Mr. R. P. Karkaria in The Bombay Gazette, lib. October, 1907, 
expressed the view that this lane was so called, because barber 
had houses in the locality, just as Gola Lane is called after Golas 
who resided there. 

It was proposed in 1907 to change the name to Barbican 
Lane, but the proposal was not adopted. In 1915, another 
change was proposed and the subsequent discussion in the Muni- 
cipality and the Press was carried on with no small display of 
acerbity. To begin with the Municipal Commissioner (Mr. P. 
R. Cadell, CLE.) wrote : — *' I have the honour to state that 
certain persons living near Barber Lane in the Fort, have asked 
that that name should be altered. Although it is possible that 
the lane was originally named after a Police Officer, named 
Barber, and was not so called because of its use by persons 
working as barbers, the latter origin is by a natural process 
generally associated with the name. The lane itself has been 
greatly widened and improved by Municipal action, and 
although it is not generally desirable to change a name 
simply because some people are dissatisfied with it, yet in this 
case, as the highly respectable people who live in the houses 
abutting on the lane wish for a name more in consistence with 
its improved condition, I think that their wish may be gratified. 
I have the honour to propose therefore with the sanction of the 



28 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

« « 

* Corporation that it be called " Bakhtawar " Street. The word 
^1 Persian and Gujerati means fortunate and may be taken to 
convey the good fortune of the street in having such respectable 
people living near it and in having been brought so prominrntly 
to the notice of the Corporation." Mr. V. A. Dabholkar suggest6d 
the lane might be named Sukhia Street — after Dr. Sukhia, a 
member of the Corporation. Sir Jamsetji Jejeebhoy advocated* 
changing " Barber " into " Barbour " ; and Sir Dins hah Wacha, 
who deprecated changing historical names, said members had 
humorously suggested different names ; but he did not know if 
the Corporation would relish his humour if he suggested that the 
street be called " Bhadbhad Street," in consideration of the 
fact that so many loquacious persons lived there. No altera- 
tion was as a fact made. 

From among many letters which subsequently appeared in 
The Times of India, two may be selected. Mr. R. D. Cooper 
wrote from 12th Lane, Khetwadi, that Barber Lane was really 
known as Hajam Mohola, being a rendezvous of barbers (Arabic, 
hajam). " I think," he said, the " Policeman Barber " is a 
mythical personage invented for the purpose of the debate. 
The probability is that it derives its source from ' Barbary ' 
as some of the Barbary pirates had their dens in the street. 
They were rich with their ill-gotten gains and some of them must 
have purchased some properties. Mr. H. Sibbald (aged 70) 
writing from Santa Cruz, turned the policeman into a doctor. 
He wrote : — ■" I joined the Customs in 1864. In those days it 
was an eyesore to see a steamer in harbour. Once a month the 
P. & 0. boats came with mails, otherwise 200 to 300 sailing ships 
were in harbour. In those days there were two doctors for the 
shipping named Bolt and Reynolds, the former lived in the lane 
and the latter at Colaba. About '66 Bolt left for England, and 
Barber took his house and place, Reynolds also went about that , 
time, and Dr. McGregor took his place. In those days doctors 
engaged to a ship got Rs. 100 — a tidy sum — and filled their 
pockets soon and left. I think the street name must have been 
given about that time by the Municipality, I am not certain, 
but this much I know that respectable people lived in that 
quarter and Dr. Barber was one of them." Mr. Karkaria 
remarks upon this theory : — " This doctor of 1866 could not 
possibly have given his name to the lane, for the name Barber 
Lane is at least a generation older. I have come across it in 
the files of The Bombay Gazette for 1839." 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 29 

Bardan Street. {From DeSouza Street to Kazi Sayad Street.)' 

Named after the Gujarati word Bardan, meaning gunny bags, 
wliij9h are sold on this road. Formerly it was called Essaji 
Haniji Street (c/. Note on Samuel Road). 

jBaroda Street. (From Carnac Siding Road to Frere Road.) 
Named after the city of Baroda. 

Barrack Street. {Fro^n Bazaar Gate Street to Mint Road.) 

Named after military Barracks situated there. They were 
formerly known as the King's Barracks (the king being George 
III), because the Royal Troops, as distinguished from the East 
India Company's, occupied them. Even now elderly Indians 
call this Kin Burakh Gully, King Barrack Lane. 

Barrow Road. {From Colaba Causeway to Merewether Road.) 

This road was constructed by the Bombay Port Trust and 
handed over to the Municipality in 1897. It is named after Mr. 
H. W. Barrow, for some time head reporter of The Times of 
India, and subsequently from 1870 to 1898, Municipal Secretary. 

Bastion Road. {From Murzban Road to Theatre Road : con- 
structed by the City Improvement Trust, and handed^ over to 
the Municipality on 18th August, 1904.) 

Several roads in the locality, are named after the old forti- 
fications, e.g., Ravelin Street. There were 8 Bastions, called 
respectively : — Prince's, Royal, Old Mandvi, Marlborough, 
Stanhope, Church, Moors and Banian. (Bombay Gazetteer, 
Materials Vol. 26, part 2, p. 286, etc.). 

Battery Street. {From Apollo Pier to Lansdowne Road.) 

Named after the Saluting Battery which was situated on this 
road until it was transferred to Middle Ground. 

Bawankhani Lane. {A blind lane from Chaupati Road.) 

There may be an allusion to the residence of women of bad 
repute : bhairon in Marathi meaning women, usually prostitutes, 
devoted to service in a temple. Bavankhandi literally means a 



30 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Jlarge cliawl of bavan, fifty-two, Idians or rooms. There is a 
similar and well-lmown place of the same name in Poona City, 
after which this lane is most probably called. 

Bazaar Gate Street. (From Bori Bunder to Elphinstone Circle.) 

Named after one of the three Fort gates. It was situated at tho' 
north end of the street, leading into the old Fort. This Gate had 
two smaller gates also, hence it was known to the natives as Tin 
Durwaza, or Three Gates. The gate was pulled down in 1862. 

Bazaar Gullee. (From Mahim Bazaar Road to Maliim Bazaar 
Cross Road.) 

Named because of a general market close by. 

Beach Road. (From Colaha Road westward.) 
It runs close to the foreshore. 

Beef Lane. (From Par si Bazaar Street Westward.) 

Sir Dinshah Wacha writes : "It was so called because beef was 
sold here for the town barracks soldiery. I am not sure whether 
the kine were also slaughtered here. This lane is just opposite 
the Military Stores Lane, adjoining Graham's ofiice to the north. 
At the east end of Military Stores Lane, you will notice the back 
part of the married men's barracks, and a little beyond are the 
old Town Barracks and it is to be presumed that the military 
folk kept all military requirements near each other within easy 
distance. So the other military stores were all stored in that 
lane. The beef had to be supplied apart and could not be al- 
lowed to be in the same place as the other stores. The old 
Commissariat was also in Parsi Bazaar Street." 

Bell Lane. (From Esplanade Road to Medows Street.) 
So named after Messrs. Bell & Co., who had offices there. 

Bellasis Road. (From Parel Road to Bellasis Bridge inclusive.) 

An inscription on the Bridge reads as follows : — '' A.D. 1863. 
This Bellasis Road was made in 1793 A.D. by the poor driven 
from the City of Surat in that year of famine, out of funds raised 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 31 

by public subscription, and takes its name from Ma3or-G«n«ra| 
Bellasis under whose order it was constructed." 

".,]3ellasis Road, tbe great drive towards Scandal-point at 
'^le'dch. Candy, is in the recollection of many now living a small 
straggling, uneven, jolting pathway, got up by General Bellasis 
^ of the Artillery, to suit his convenience, as he lived in the proxi- 
mity of the famed Maha-Laxmi ; and from thence he was to be 
seen jogging in his native ghari drawn by a couple of oxen." 
(The MonthUj Miscellany of Western India, May, 1850.) There 
is a mural monument to Major-General John Bellasis and his 
wife in St. Thomas's Cathedral. On it he is described as com- 
manding officer of the forces and Colonel of the Regiment of 
Artillery on the Bombay establishment. Died, February 11, 
1808, aged 64. General orders by Government, Bombay Castle, 
16th Feb., 1808 : " It is with sincere concern that Government 
announce to th« Army the death of that very respectable oflB.cer, 
Major General John Bellasis, late Commanding Officer of the 
Forces, who departed this life, on Thursday, the 11th instant, 
suddenly, whilst he was in the meritorious discharge of his 
duties, presiding at the Military Board, thereby terminating a 
long course of zealous and faithful services." According to Mr. 
E. Weekley (" The Romance of Names," p. 142), Bellasis is a 
Norman name from bel assis — fairly situated. But the same 
writer in " Surnames " (p. 318) says there is a font-name Belle- 
Assez which is not uncommon in Middle English and would 
give the same result. A friend informs me that the motto of 
the family is Bel Assez, fair enough, and this is certainly a more 
complimentary derivation than bel-assis which might be inter- 
preted " well seated." 

Belvedere Road. {From Dockyard Road to Wari Bunder Road.) 

^ This must be called after a once famous bungalow on Bhan- 
darwada hill. It was from that house that Sterne's Eliza 
(Mrs. Draper) eloped with a naval ofiicer. 

Bhai Jiwanji's Lane. (A blind lane from Girgaum Road.) 

Named after the owner of the oart, Mr. Bhai Jiwanji, who was 
Managing Clerk of Messrs. Crawford, Solicitors. He was a great 
book collector and had a valuable library which was dispersed 
after his death in 1906. He was well-to-do and possessed several 
properties in Bombay. 



32 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Bhajipala Street. {From Abdul Rehman Street to Memon- 
^. wada Road.) 

Bhajipala, or vegetables, are sold here. 

Bhandari Street. {From Falkland Road to Bhandarwaha 
Street.) 

This street, as well as BnANDARWADA,is called after the Bhan- 
daris, or toddy -drawers, that resided there. Some of them pos- 
sessed houses and were reckoned among the old residents. 
Others came to Bombay from Malvan, Vingurla and other 
places, and settled in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. 

" The Bhandaris whose name is derived by some from the 
Sanskrit mandharak (a distiller) and by others from bhandar (a 
treasury) constitute one of the oldest communities in Bombay 
Island and are sub-divided into five classes — Sinde, Gaud, More. 
Kirpal, and Kitte or Kitre — which neither dine together nor 
intermarry." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I. 231.) 

Bhandup Street. {From Musjid Siding Road to Coorla Street ; 
Constructed hy the Bombay Poit Trust, and handed over to 
the Municipality on 30th June, 1883.) 

Named after the village of Bhandup situated on the G. I. P. 
Railway in the Thana District. 

Bhangwadi or 2nd Kolbhat. {A blind lane from Kalbadevi 
Road). 

" In this oart," says Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi, " there were 
formerly afforded good facilities for persons who were accus- 
tomed to drinking Bhang. Several shops were opened by Guja- 
rati Brahmans for the preparation and sale of this drink. Vari- 
ous kinds of Bhang were prepared, such as Bhang mixed with' 
milk and sugar, and Bhang mixed with pounded almonds, 
cardamoms, saffron, and other spices. The prices ranged from 
half an anna to two annas per tola, or a bowlful. On Hindu 
holidays and fast days such as the Mahashivaratra, Mondays of 
the month of Shravan, etc., there was a great demand for this 
Bhang by the devotees of Shiva. It is believed to be sacred to 
Shiva and therefore people partook of it on days sacred to that 
god. It was also poured by way of Abhishek (holy sprinkling) 
on the ling of Shiva." 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 33 

Bhang is the dried leaves and small stalks of hemp (i.e., 
Cannabis indica). The word is usually derived from Sanskrit,^ 
bhanga,, breaking, but Sir Richard Burton derives both it and the 
Arab Banj from the old Coptic Nibanj " meaning a preparation 
ot* hemp ; and there it is easy to recognise the Homeric Nepen- 
the." (Hobson-Jobson.) 

Bhasker Lane. {A blind lane from Cathedral Street.) 

Named after the father of Mr. Anandrao Bhasker, who was a 
Judge of the Small Cause Court, and who owned a large property 
here. Bhasker ji was a Prabhu by caste, and most of the houses 
around this locality and Bhuleshwar were owned by the Parbhus 
and the Yajurvedi Joshis till the middle of the nineteenth 
century. 

Bhaskar Bhau Lane. (Near Gamdevi.) 

This lane is called after Bhasker Bhau Mantri who possessed 
several houses in Gamdevi and other parts of Bombay. He 
belonged to the Somavanshi Pathare Community, and was a 
well known contractor in Bombay. 

Bhattia Bagh. (South of Victoria Terminus.) 

Sir Dinshah E. Wacha, otherwise " Sandy Seventy " in The 
Bombay Chronicle (April 9, 1915) says : — '"It was not till 1861, 
generally after 1864, that Malabar Hill began to be well popula- 
ted. The remaining population in the Fort, specially the north, 
was occupied by Parsi merchants and traders, the Kapole 
Banias, men of the rank and wealth of Mangaldas Nathoobhoy 
and Vurjivandas Madhowdas lived here and there in central 
town houses which still stand. Next were the wealthy Bhattias, 
who resided in Bazaar Gate Street and in Old Mody Street, lying 
parallel to the east, in the direction of Mody Bay. Goculdas 
Tejpal, Goculdas Liladhar Pasta, Khatao Makanji, Jivraj Baloo, 
Jairam Sewji and such occupied the Bazar Gate Street from the 
north end as far as the Parsi Agiary Street, south. In Holee 
Chukla also the population was Bhattia. This extended as far 
as Parsi Bazaar Street, near the end of Gola Lane. Generically 
it was known as ' Bhattia Wad.' The ' Bhattia Bag ' in Fort 
Street, now under renovation, was so called, because all along 
jts south side the Bhattia population greatly preponderated, when 
^he 'bag' so called was first built in the latter part of the sixties." 



34 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( ( 

When the Municipality undertook to lay out the Bagh, 
*" which had grown untidy and unsightly, in an orderly fashion 
various suggestions were made for its re -naming and j:\ May, 
1917, it received the official designation Victoria S(^U4re. 
"The name," said The Times of India, " k obvious enough 
when one remembers that the Victoria Terminus is one of t^e 
boundaries of the area thus rechristened, but "square "<- is 
geometrically indefensible. " Place," which was originally 
suggested, would have done well if only we could acquire the 
habit of using it in the French sense which somehow does not 
fit in with the English pronunciation of the word. The 
Corporation cannot in any case be accused of coming to a 
decision without due consideration of the various names sug- 
gested. They have deliberately swept away the name of a 
quarter which is smaller in size than in historic interest, and, 
as our Calcutta correspondent pointed out in a letter which 
we published yesterday, it often happens that the name of a 
quarter or district is not attached to any street and is thus in 
danger of being obliterated. For many reasons that is to be 
regretted." 



Bhatwadi. (From Girgaum Road to Girgaum Bach Road.) 

There were formerly three Bhatwadis in Bombay. One of 
these has been now acquired by the City Improvement Trust 
(in 1911), and a new street is opened there. These three Bhat- 
wadis at one time formed one oart which was the property of one 
Bhat Vasudev Sankhedkar, a priest of the Somavanshi Pathares. 
It contained cocoanut, plantain, and guava trees. It was subse- 
quently divided into three parts after it had passed into different 
hands. Till the year 1884, the 2nd Bhatwadi was known as 
Ganesh Ramji's Wadi owing to the fact that most of the houses'^ 
there were owned by Ganesh Ramji, head surveyor to the Col- 
lector of Bombay. 

Bhantaz Gully. (Fro^n Portuguese Church, Chiniwadi.) 

Bhavnagar Street. (Behind Memonwada Street.) 

So called because the inhabitants are Memons from Bhavnagar 
in Kathiawar. The Memons in Bombay mostly come from 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 35 

> 3 

Cutch, Halar, Dholka in Ahmedabad Collectorate, Bhavnagar, 
Bhuj and Verawal in Kathiawad, and are accordingly called'^ 
CutCc]i3, Halai, Dholka, etc., Memons. (c/. Bhujvari Street), 

BjiENDY Bazaar. (See under Parel Road.) 

3HIMPARA Street. (In Mandvi Koliwada.) 

> 

Named after a Koli called Bhim, who was formerly headman 
of the Kolis there. The name Bhim originally belonged to a god 
of the Hindu Pantheon, who corresponds to the classical Hercules. 

In the guise of Bhim Raja, Bhimdev, or Raja Bimb it ap- 
pears as the name of the chief who ruled over Mahim in Bombay 
and Salsette subsequent to the epoch of Silahara rule (vide 
Bombay City Gazetteer.) 

Bhisti Street. (East of Bhendi Bazaar.) 

So called because Bhisti Mussulmans are the chief inhabitants. 
Bhistis are water carriers. The word is commonly derived from 
the Persian bihishti, a person of hihisht or paradise, but the 
compilers of Hobson-Jobson fail to trace its history. Dr. 
Jivanji Jamsetji Modi questions that derivation and thinks it 
comes from the Gujarati word for " to wet." 

Bhoget Gully. (From Gopi Tank Gully No. 2 to Sorab Mill 
Gully.) 

Owes its name to the fact that a well-known Bhagat or Deval 
rashi (exorcist) once resided in its vicinity. 

1st Bhoiwada Lane. (From Kika Street to Bhuleshwar Street.) 

Named after Bhois (palanqum bearers) who inhabited the 
place. " Boy, a palanquin-bearer. From the name of the 
caste, Tel. and Mai. boyi. Tam. bovi.'' (Hobson-Jobson.) 

The whole land of the First, Second and Third Bhoiwada is a 
Fazandari tenure. The original Fazandars of all these three 
Bhoiwadas were Balambhat Javle and other descendants of 
Gamba Naik Javle, and that Naik who were granted by Gover- 
nors Sir John Childe (1687 A.D.) and Richard Bourchier (1755 
A.D.) patents of rights as the chief hereditary priests and phy- 
sicians of Bombay. At present the Fazandars of the first and of 
the half of the 2nd Bhoiwada are the descendants of the said 



36 BOMBAY 'place-names. 

(( ■' 

Gamba Naik and Vitlial Naik Javle. The Fazandari rights 
^M)f half of the 2nd Bhoiwada, including the Bhuleshwar 
Market, and of the whole of the 3rd Bhoiwada are vested in 
Mr. Vinayakrao Sadanand Joshi, the present owner of ?ada- 
nand Joshi's oart and properties in Bombay. 

Bhujvari Street. (Memonwada.) 

The inhabitants are Memons from Bhuj in Cutch (cf. Bhav- 
nagar Street). 

Bhuleshwar Street. (From Kalbadevi Road to Girgaum.) 

" So called from the great temple and tank of Bhuleshwar." 
(Bombay City Gazetteer.) 

"Bholesvar is one of the epithets of Siva, Bhola meaning 
* simple ' hence he is called the Lord of the Simple. Others say 
that it was built by a rich Koli by name Bhola, who, having no 
progeny nor relatives of his own, spent his large fortune in the 
building of this temple, which bears his name. Another tradi- 
tion connects the temple with a Pardesi by name Bholanath, 
who built it whence the gcd is called by his name. Others say 
that the Pardesi was a mere porter of the temple." (Da 
Cunha, p. 61.) 

Rao Bahadur P.B. Joshi writes : — " The statement that Bho- 
leshwar is one of the epithets of Shiva is not accurate, because 
grammatically it would be wrong to form the compound Bho- 
leshwar from Bhola and Ishwar. Such compound would be 
considered a hybrid combination. The real origin of the name 
Bhuleshwar is from the name of the individual who built the 
temple and gave money for the consecration ceremony. Origi- 
nally the temple was built by a local Koli, or fisherman, who was . 
wealthy but had no progeny. His name was Bhula, or Bhulya, 
and so the God was called Bhuleshwar by the officiating priests 
who were the hereditary Yajurvedic Brahmans of Bombay. 
In Bombay, several other temples are similarly named after 
the person who built them." 

BiBiJAN Street. (From Abdul Rehman Street to Chakli Street.) 

Named after Bibi Jan (Bibi, lady, in Hindustani), a noted 
resident of the locality in the last generation. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 37 

> ;» 

BoHRA Bazaar Street. (From Fort Street to Gunbow Street) 

Shops on this road belong mostly to Bohras, hence the name. 
'' Tlie Bohras are the descendants of Hindu converts to Islam 
a^d claim connection with the missionaries sent forth by the 
.Fatimite Khalifa of Egypt in the fourth and fifth centuries of 
♦the Muhammadan era ; they are excellent businessmen and are 
tjngaged in every branch of trade and commerce from retail deal- 
ing and tin -working to broking, contracting, and the exploitation 
of industries." (Bombay City Gazetteer II, p. 180.) 

BoHRA MusjiD Street. (From BoJira Bazaar Street to Jijibhai 
Dadabhai Lane.) 

There are eight Bohra mosques in Bombay, of which one is in 
this street. 

Bombay. 

The name is so exhaustively ' examined in the Bombay City 
Gazetteer (Vol. I, pp. 19-24) that no more than a summary of 
the various derivations need be given here. 

DeCastro, writing in 1538, said the island was called Boa Vida 
(Good Life) on account of its groves, game, and abundance of 
food. 

Fryer wrote (1673) of the '' convincing denomination Bombaim 
quasi Boon Bay." Grose (1750) refers to " Buon-Bahia now 
commonly Bombaim." These are commonly recognised as mere 
attempts to explain the more ancient Musalman and Hindu 
names, Manbai , Mambai, or Mumbai, which were turned into 
Bombain (occurs in 1508) : Mombaym, Bombain, Bombayim 
(Portuguese, 16th century) : Bombaye and Bombaum (1666), 
/ Bombeye (1676), and Bombay or Bambai, which occurs in 1538 
and finally came into use in the 18th century. 

Another fanciful derivation is from mubarak (lucky) because 
the island was the first land sighted by seamen voyaging from 
Arabia and the Persian Gulf to Sopara, Chaul and Thana. 

" Prolonged investigation leaves little room for doubt that 
the word Bombay is directly derived from the goddess Mumba, 
the patron deity of the pre-Christian Kolis, the earliest inhabi- 
tants of the island ; and it only remains to ascertain the original 
form of the goddess's name." (Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 21.) 



38 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi, in his short sketch of the Early His- 
rijory of Bombay, writes: "By some authorities, it is firmly believ- 
ed that the word is derived from Munga or Muga, the name of 
the Koli who first built the temple of the goddess MumBadevi. 
But, we generally find that whenever any Hindu deities a>re 
called after the name of the builder of the temple, the name 
of the male builder is given to the god and that of the femalcN 
builder, or of the male builder's wife, is given to the goddesii. 
The feminine of the word Munga is Mungi, and therefore, the 
correct form would have been Mungi-ai and not Munga -ai or 
Mumba-ai. Another explanation of the origin of the word 
Mumba is, that it is derived from Amba, another name of 
Bhawani, the consort of Shiva (the Hindu god of destruction) ; 
and in our opinion this latter explanation is correct. As the 
goddess Kali is sometimes called Mahakali or the great Kali, so 
Amba is also called Maha Amba or the great Amba, and by the 
Kolis and 'other illiterate persons, the word Maha -Amba is 
generally pronounced as Mamba or Mumba. The suffix ^i 
signifying mother is a term of respect applied to Hindu 
goddesses. The word Mumbai is, therefore, derived from 
the words Maha + Amba + Ai = Mumbai ; and evidently the word 
Bombay (Portuguese Bombaim) is the corruption of the word 
Mumbai." See also " Bombay Town and Island Materials." 
(Vol. Ill, pp. 644-647.) 

BoREBHAT Lane. (From Girgaum Road to Cow Lane.) 

Named after the garden of Bor trees {zizyphus jvjuha) that 
existed here. (Bombay City Gazetteer, p. 26.) The Bor tree 
is well known, because of its fruit, which is oval and pulpy, about 
the size of a plum. The dried fruit is the jujube of Arabian and 
Persian books on materia medica, and is used in Europe in the 
preparation of syrups and lozenges. - 

BoRi Bunder. 

Mr. R. P. Karkari*a writes : — " Bori or more commonly 
Bora or Borah, k the name of a well-known Mahomedan sect 
in Gujarat whose followers are numerous in Bombay. But 
what particular connection this people have with the Bunder 
cannot be ascertained. Perhaps the n?me might be derived 
from the ' bor ' tree, and these ' bor ' trees might have 
grown on the original site of the Bunder. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. . 39 

'^" Bori"^ Bunder was constructed in 1852 before which date 
it was a small landing place for boats greatly obstructed by 
rocks and shoals, which were in that year blasted and a ■ 
capacious Bunder with large accommodation for passengers 
ai;id %oods erected. When the G. I. P. Railway was being 
^constructed, all the raila and machinery from England were 
^landed at the Bunder which is in the vicinity of its terminus 
and the Railway station, first built in 1H53, was called Bori 
Bunder Station until 1887 when it was replaced by the pre- 
sent large and handsome building, and got its name of 
Victoria Terminus from the fact that it was opened in the 
year of the Jubilee of Queen Victoria." 

Brae Hill. 

It may be the Scotch word " brae," but is more likely an 
English corruption of Ambrai, meaning the mango-grove. 
(Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. I, p. 14.) 

Breach Candy. (See Hornby Vellard.) 

Bread Market Street. (From Mint Road to Modi Street.) 

It formerly led from the Fort Market to the Bread Market, 
the site of which is now occupied by the Wadia Fountain. 

British Hotel Lane. (Blind lane touching Apollo Street.) 

Named after a Hotel of the same name. Douglas (" Glimpses 
of Old Bombay," p. 70) reproduces the following curiously 
spelled advertisement of 1845 : — 

" British Hotel, Bombay. 

" For the accommodation of Families and Gentlemen. These 
specious premises are desirably situate in the Fort, and within 
y five minutes walk of the^ Banks of Dock Yard, Custom House 
and principal House of Agency. 

" Wines and liquors of the best description. Tifiins and din- 
ners sent out on short notice. T. Blackwell, Proprietor." 

Broach Street. (From Frere Road to Musjid Street : construct- 
ed by the Bombay Port Trust, and handed over to the Munici- 
pality on ZOth June, 1883.) 

Named after the Town of Broach in Gujarat. 



40 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Bruce Lane. (From Tamarind Lane to Apollo Street.) 
<^BuRAN Tank Road. (From Vincent Road to Naigaum Road.) 

' r 

Burrows Lane. (From Girgaum Road to Christian Burial 
Ground.) 

Named after the Rev. Arnold Burrows, who was in charger 
of the cemetery at the west end of the Lane. He was Chaplaitf; 
1760-1813. The cemetery was known after him as Padre 
Burrows' godown. (Adventures of Qui Hi, and Bombay 
Gazetteer, Vol. 26, part 2, p. 292, note). 

Butcher Island. 

In 1701, the Deputy Governor wrote of " Robin the Butcher's 
Island " on which Campbell (Materials, Vol. I., pp. 438-9) has 
the following note : — 

" The only apparent sense is that the butcher after whom the 
island was supposed to be called was named Robin. Perhaps 
a fairy Robin Goodfellow name suitable to the mythical name- 
giver. In spite of Grose's (1750) explanation (Voyages, Vol. 
I., p. 58) that the island was called Butcher, because cattle were 
kept on it for the use of Bombay, tie English name Butcher 
Island seems a cas« of meaning-making. Fryer (1673. Travels 
61-62 and map) calls the Isand Putachoes (properly Patecas) 
or watermelons, and this derivation is accepted in a Portuguese 
account of Bombay, 1728. Patachos, Yachts, a word used by 
Baldaeus, 1680, and Putas, harlots, in connection with a story 
that as in Goa a Bishop banished the harlots to an island, have 
also been suggested. But Patecas, melons, seems the only 
derivation for which authority can be quoted. Besides the 
commoner Dardivi, the Marathi name Bhat or Bhatiche Bet, 
the lowlying island, is said to be still in use for Butcher's Island. 
It seems fairly certain the English Butcher is the Portuguese 
Pateca. The absence of any connection between the island 
and watermelons suggests that in its turn the Portuguese name 
is also a meaning -making from the Marathi Bhatiche Bet." 

Byculla. 

Campbell (Bombay Town and Island Materials, III. 595) 
derives the word from Bhayakhala, the Cassia fistula (i.e. Indian 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 41 

Laburnum) level, bhaya being a local Kunbi form of bawa. 
Brandis (Indian Trees, p. 253) gives haliawa as tbe Marathi 
for this tree. 

Mr.^Karkaria suggests that Bhayakhala may mean "low 
ground " bhaya, ground and khala, low. But this is disputed 
oji account of the long a in Ichala. 

'Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi on the other hand asserts that 
Bhaya -khala means the khala or threshing ground of Bhaya 
(the name of an individual), or the threshing ground containing 
prominently a bhaya, or bhawa, tree. 

Byculla Station Roap. (From Ripon Road to Byculla Rail- 
way Station.) 

Constructed by the Improvement Trust as a means of access 
from Agripada to the station. 

Byculla Tank Pacady. {A blind lane from Agripada lane.) 

This Lane led to Sankli Tank (q.v.) which formerly existed 
to the south of the Khatao Mills, hence the name. 

Byramji Hall Lane. (From Bahula Tank Road to Motlabai 
Hospital.) 

Named after the house called Byramji Hall, the property of 
the late Mr. Byramji Jijibhoy (1824-1890). The house was 
at one time the residence of Sir James Mackintosh (1765-1832) 
Recorder of Bombay, and known as " Tarala." Later the 
Sadar Adalat was housed in it. (See Nanabhoy Byramji 
Oart.) 

Cadell Road. (See Mahim Bazar Road.) 

Carnac Bunder. 

Carnac Road. (Known as Esplanade Cross Road : From Frere 
Road to Esplanade Road including Carnac Bridge.) 

Named after Sir James Rivett Carnac, Bart., Governor of 
Bombay, 1839-41. "We learn that Sir James Carnac, on the 
requisition of Luximon Hurrechunderjee, Esq., has consented 
to attend the Bunder now in the course of construction by that 
enterprising gentleman in order to confer upon it the appellation 
of the Carnac Bunder." (Bombay Times, April 28, 1841.) 



42 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Carnegy Road. (Touching Queen's Road to Marine Lines 
Street.) 

Named after Lieutenant-General A. Carnegy, Provincial 
Commander-in-Chief, 1887, during the absence on furlough 
of the Duke of Connaught. " 

Carpenter Lane. {From 2nd Carpenter Street to Dockyq/d 
Road.) 

Sutar Gully, or Carpenter Lane, so called because in this 
locality almost all the houses at one time belonged to the Soma- 
vanshi Kshatri, many of whom carried on the profession of 
Sutars or carpenters. Even to this day many houses in these 
lanes are owned by these people. At one time the Somavanshi 
Pathares and the Pathare Prabhus formed one community. 

Sutar is the Hindi form of Sanskrit sutradhara — a carpenter, 
so called from the thread (sutar) with which he marks out his 
work. 

Carroll Road. (From DeLisle Road to Elphinstone Road 
Station.) 

Named after Mr. E. B. Carroll, Loco. .Superintendent, B. B. 
& C. L Railway, who retired in 1897. 

Car WAR Street. (From Mint Road eastwards to a new road 
along the Seashore : constructed in 1888.) 

Named after Karwar, the chief town of the North Kanara 
district. 

Cathedral Street. (From Bhuleshwar Street to Dady Shet 
Agiary Street.) . 

The Rev. Father Hull writes : — •'' This street is so called 
because of the Cathedral of Nossa Senhora d'E^peran9a. This 
church was originally situated just outside the Bazaar gate 
of the fort on the site of Bori Bunder station being built by 
the Franciscans before 1600 (perhaps 1596). In 1760 it was 
demolished by order of Government, and rebuilt on the Maidan 
somewhere near the old cross still standing at the back of Marme 
Lines, which seems to have been the church cross in front of the 
west door. The transfer was due to a decree for clearing 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 43 

thb Esplanade for 300 yards round the fort walls for military 
purposes. (The Mambadevie temple was similarly removed 
from a spot quite close by Esperan9a church, and was rebuilt 
at Pydhoni where it still stands.) In 1804 Government ex- 
teride^ this clear space to 1,000 yards round the fort. The 
4,000 yards line is still preserved by the line of houses from 
Queen's Road by the hospital, and through that slum by the 
Scottish graveyard, and along Carnac Road as far as Crawford 
Market and on to Carnac bridge. As Esperan9a Church was 
within this line it was pulled down again in 1804 and rebuilt 
in Bhuleshwar where it now stands. But the work was so 
scamped that it fell into ruin very soon ; and in 1832 it was 
rebuilt again in its present form. It was the chief church of 
the Vicariate, and became the Cathedral when the Vicariate 
became an Archbishopric in 1887." 



Cavel Street. {From Dadyshet Agiary Street to Kalhadevi 
Road and from Kalhadevi Road to Girgaum Road.) 

Cavel was formerly occupied almost exclusively by the abori- 
ginal tribe of the Kolis, who were converted by the Portuguese. 
Cavel seems to be a Portuguese rendering of Kolwar, 
a Koli hamlet. (Da Cunha, p. 7). Another explanation, said 
to have been suggested by the late Mr. A. M. T. Jackson is that 
Cavel is a corruption of the Portuguese word for chapel. The 
Goanese to this day most associate Cavel with the Church 
known as Cavel Church, about which the Rev. Father Hull 
writes : — ^Its title is Nossa Senhora de Saude. It was built 
as a private family chapel some time about 1794 or earlier, 
and fell under the jurisdiction of the Padroado clergy, who 
have always retained it. Sonapur chapel, along Marine Lines, 
^^as originally the graveyard attached to Cavel Chapel above 
^described. There was a small mortuary chapel attached; 
but in about 1905 a new chapel was built covering the whole 
of the ground. The twin church of Our Lady of Happy Voyage 
and of St. Francis Xavier in Burrows Lane was built by the 
Padroado community, 1870-1872. 

The native name for the locality is Gaewadi, from gae, 
cow, possibly because beef used to be sold there in shops 
of which one or two survive, or because cows were kept 
there. 



44 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Chakla Street. (From Carnac Road to Masjid Bunder Road.) 

Abbreviated form of Khalasi Chakla, by whicli the street 
was formerly known : Khalasi meaning Laskar and X]hakla 
meaning Rendezvous. i 

Chamarbag Lane. (From Government Gate Road to Suparibag 
Road.) 

Named after a"Toddy Oart called '' Chamarbag," — the shoe- 
makers' garden. 

.Chambhar Lane. (From Par el Road to the Foot Bridge over the 
G. I. P. Railway South of Byculla Station.) 

Considering that the Mmiicipal list of roads (1912 edition) 
gives the varia lectio of Chamber, it is possible that Chambhar 
has been evolved by carelessness from Chamar, a cobbler. 

Champa WADi. (From Sheik Memon Street to Vithalwady.) 

Named after a Champa tree, of which the dead stump is 
still preserved in the verandah of a house in this gully. This 
variety of tree is known to botanists as Michelia Champaca, 
a large evergreen tree with yellow, or orange flowers, strongly 
scented. Hindu women use garlands of these flowers as an 
ornament in their hair. For a similar derivation of. Ovalwadi. 

Chana Street. (From Modi Street to Bera Bazaar Street.) 

Named after the shops of chana, parched gram, etc., on this 
road. Chana is Hindi, from the Sanskrit Chanaka, the pulse 
(Cicer arietinum) chick-pea, or Bengal gram. 

Sir D. E. Wacha under the pseudonym of "Sandy Seventy '"N 
in The Bombay Chronicle (April 9, 1915), referring to Bombay in 
the early sixties, says: " A few rich Arabs, Moguls and Bohras 
lived in old Mody Street, somewhere from the locality where 
an old Musjid stands at the corner of Chana Street. The Arabs 
had a * Kava Khana ' there. They were mostly horse-dealers, 
but of a highly respectable and wealthy class. It was on this 
account that the Chana Street is more commonly known as 
Kava Khana lane." The street is also called chanawallani- 
gulli, i.e., the -lane of the grain -sellers. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. " 45 

Chandanwadi. {From Lohar Street to Girgaum Road.) 

Named after the shops for selling sandalwood called in 
Marayjii, Chandan. " Sandal " is the Arabic form of the Sans- 
krit Chandana. 

Charni Road. {From Queen's Road to Grant Road.) 

A portion of this road was called for a short time Ollivant 
Road after Sir E. C. K. Ollivant (b. 1846), Municipal Commis- 
sioner, 1881-90, and Member of Council, 1897-1902. This road 
was not formerly connected with Grant Road, but in 1883-84 
it was extended to meet the latter road "by making a new. 
road between Girgaon and Khetwadi and partly by widening 
the street known as Khetwadi 15th Lane " (Michael, History 
of Bombay Municipality, p. 409). This new extension was in 
.1884, called Ollivant Road, but the new name merged into the 
old one of Charni Road as practically it was but one road. 

The name Charni or Chendni was brought to this locality, 
according to Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi, from Thana. The 
locality near Thana Railway Station is called Chendni and 
many inhabitants of Chendni in Thana came and perma- 
nently settled at Girgaum, in Bombay, and so called the 
locality where they settled Chendni. 

Another theory derives Charni from charon, the grazing of 
cattle. 

Chaupatti Road. {Frmn Babulnath Road, Dadysett Road and 
Babulnath 1st Cross Lane to French Road.) 

" Chowpatty is really Chau-pati (four channels) and is evi- 
dence of the inroad of the tide before the western foreshore 
,\^as reclaimed " (Bombay City Gazetteer, I. 27). This name is 
analogous to that of Satpaty, a village in the Mahim Taluka 
of the Thana District, which is approached through a channel 
or Idiadi, containing seven pats or divisions of water. 

Chewoolwadi. {Kolhhat, a blind lane from Kolhhat Street.) 

The original residents of this place came from a village, called 
Cheool, in the illibag Taluka of the Kolaba District, better 
known as Chaul (Revadanda). The locality at one time con- 
tained several houses of Somavanshi Pathares and Agris of 



46 . BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ^ ^ 

Cheool and of their hereditary priests, the Yajurved 
Brahmans. 

Chikalwadi Lane. (From Tardeo Road to Skater Road.y 

ChikJcal, mud (Marathi). And rightly so called. Durinfg 
heavy rainfall Chikalwadi in under water, the storm wa|;^r 
drainage being defective. 

Chimaji Ramji Steeet. (From Nowland Street to Nawab Tank 
Road.) 

Chimna Butcher Street. (From Grant Road to 1st Duncan 
Road Cross Lane.) 
Named after a leading butcher of the same name. 

Chinch Bunder Road. (From Dongri Road to Mazagaon Road 
and Jail Road East ; from Mazagaon and Babula Tank Road 
Junction to Keshavji NaiFs Fountain.) 

Chinch, Tamarind (Marathi). 

Chinchpokli Cross Lane. (From Chinchpokli Road to Ghoruf- 
deo Road.) 

Chinchpokli, Tamarind Dell. Mrs. Elwood in her "Narra- 
tive " (published in 1830) spells it Chintz Poglie. 

Chini Gully. (From New Purbhadevi Road to Old Purbhadevi 
Road.) 

Chira Bazaar. (Section of Girgaum Road, between Thakordwar 
and Dhobitalao.) 

So named because the place was paved with flat slabs of stolid 
or flagstones called Chira. 

Chor Gully. (From Suparibag Road to Government Gate Road.) 

Named so because it was a haunt of thieves in former times, 
Chor meaning ' thief ' in vernacular. 

Chunam Kiln Lane. (From Grant Road to Girgaum Back Road.) 

Named after the Chunam Bhatti or Lime Kiln that existed 
here in former times. There was only one kiln. The road was 
also known as Mangaldas Wadi Road, as on both sides of it there 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 47 

were, and still are, properties of the late Sir Mangaldas Natliu- 
bliai (1832-1890) the first Hindu Knight. {See also Lamington 
RoAD^.) There are also a Chunam Kiln Street, Cross Street, 
and lioad in the Memonwada locality. 

v^HURCH Street. (From DeLima Street to Muzawarpakhada 
\ Road.) 

The Rev. Father Hull writes : — " Church Street, Mazagon, 
off DeLima Street, runs east. It used to run to what was known 
as Gloria Church which was pulled down by the Port Trust 
in 1913 to make room for the Harbour extensions. The Har- 
bour Railway has cut the street off ; but beyond the line it 
continues to the old cross still standing, which was exactly 
in front of the west door of Gloria Church. The space where 
the church stood is still unoccupied, and its general outline 
up to the plinth can be traced still. The original chapel of 
Nossa Senhora da Gracia was built shortly after the acquisition 
of the Mazagon estates by a private Portuguese family in 
1548 or so. The land subsequently became the property of 
the De Souza family. The chapel was rebuilt in 1803 and 
enlarged in 1810. It was served by the Franciscans from 
its first erection till these, being Portuguese, were expelled 
by the English in 1720 ; and the Carmelites of Surat took 
their place. In 1794 the Bombay churches were divided 
between the Goa clergy and the Carmelites, and Gloria Church 
fell to the lot of Goa, and was retained by them (Padroado 
jurisdiction) ever since, till its demolition in 1913. A new 
Gloria Church was built on Parel Road opposite BycuUa station 
to take its place. It forms a conspicuous object with its massive 
gothic tower." 

,C^URCHGATE STREET. (FroM Elphinstonc Circle to Churchgate 
Station.) 

Named after one of the three gates leading into the old fort. 
It was situated at the Junction of Hornby Road and Churchgate 
Street near the site of the present Flora Fountain. About 1840, 
the old gate was rebuilt only to be pulled down twenty years 
later when the Fort walls were demolished. 

" The maintenance of the Fort of Bombay, is not only useless 
but has become a downright and most serious nuisance to the. 
inhabitants at large. It is the source of a ridiculous waste of 



't 



48 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

money to Government itself : witness the erection, not yet 
completed, of a gate at tlie cost of Ks. 30,000 to block up the 
way to the church. The Fort is a costly and fitting nuisance." 
(A correspondent of The Times in 1841.) < 

" About half a mile from the Apollo Gate, the Church Gate is 
passed. This is sometimes called the Powun-Chukkee Gate 
from the circumstances of a windmill (powun, wind — chukk3e, 
mill) having stood there some sixty years ago {i.e. in the late 
18th century). There is no published account of it, but from 
the drawings of the late General Waddington, it appears to 
have been in the form of those generally in use in the south of 
England and north of France." (Buist's Guide, p. 265.) Dr. 
Jivanji Jamsetji Modi confirms this and says that in his youth 
to go to the povanchaki meant to go out of the gate for an 
airing. 

CiRKUS Avenue. (From Gilder Street to Souter Street.) 

After the description of trees planted by the Improvement 
Trust along this road. It was opened in 1911. 

Clare Eoad. (From Bellasis Road to Parel Road.) 

Named after the second Earl of Clare (born 1792, died 1851), 
Governor of Bombay, 1831-1835. The road was constructed 
in 1867. (Michael : History of Municipality, p. 408.) 

Clerk Eoad. (From Parel Road to Mahalakshmi and Hornby 
Villard Junction.) 

Named after Sir George Russell Clerk, Governor of Bombay, 
in 1847-48 and again 1860-1862. Sir G. R. Clerk (1800-89) 
was a distinguished Bengal Civilian, who took a prominent part 
as a Political OflS.cer in the Punjab and N. W. Frontier. Ea 
was Under Secretary of State for India, when he came in 1860 
to Bombay as Governor. He was a Member of the Council 
of India, 1863-76. Died 1889. 

This road was constructed in 1868. (Michael : History of 
Municipality, p. 408.) 

Cles^eland Road. (From Worlee Road to Worlee New Sluice 
along west of Channel.) 

Named after Mr. Henry Cleveland, a Solicitor, Partner in 
Messrs. Hearn and Cleveland, Government Solicitors. He 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 49 

Vas one of the few Englishmen who invested capital in land 
in Bombay. He did not sell his property when he retired, but^, 
left it to be managed by his Parsi assistant. There is also a 
Clay^land Bunder called after him. 

Clive Road. (From Musjid Bridge to Elphinstone Bridge.) 

Named after Lord Clive (1725-1774), Governor of Bengal, 
1758-60 and again 1765-1767. 

Club Road. (From Lamington Road to Morland Road.) 
It skirts the northern side of the Byculla Club compound. 

Colaba. 

" It is a reasonable supposition that Colaba is the same word 
as Kolaba, the name of the district which lies on the far side 
of the harbour. One derivation of the name is, from Kolvan 
or Kolbhat, a koli hamlet or holding — a view which gains weight 
from the fact that the Kolis undoubtedly settled here, as in 
other parts of the island, in prehistoric times, and also from 
the fact that there was an oart known as Kolbhat on the Island 
during the early days of British Rule. On the other hand Moles- 
worth states that, the name of the mainland district, is a cor- 
ruption of the Arabic Kalaheh, meaning a neck of land jutting 
into sea, a description which exactly fits Colaba." (Bombay 
City Gazetteer, I. 25.) 

Dr. Jivanji Jamsetji Modi writes : — '' I remember having 
heard when young that Colaba meant the ah (Persian for water) 
of the Kolis, i.e., the quarters of the Kolis fishing in the ad- 
joining waters." Mr. Karkaria points out that Seely in his 
" Wonders of Ellora," (1824), derives Colaba from the Persian 
cala, black and ah water. 

Colaba Causeway. (From Arthur Bunder to Apollo Bunder 
Road.) 

The Island of Colaba was, in 1838, linked with Bombay, by 
this Causeway, which had been projected in 1820 but not started 
until 1835. It was widened and rebuilt, 1861-63. Buist (Guide 
p. 266) gives a different set of dates and a different name to the 
Causeway. " The Vellard, a , raised roadway which connects 



50 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

the two islands of upper and lower Colaba, with that of jBombaj. 
^In 1828, the construction of the present means of crossing 
was commenced — ^it was completed in 1834, and received the 
name of the Governor of the day, Sir Robert Grant. In ^1 852 
it was greatly widened and improved." < 

1st Coly Lane. (From Nowrojee Street to Gun Carriage Street.)' 
So named from the Kolis or fishermen residing here. < 

Conn AUGHT Road. (From Par el Road to Reay Road.) 

Named after the Duke of Connaught (born 1851), the third 
son of Queen Victoria. He was Commander-in-Chief, Bombay, 
from December 1886 to March 189p. Several roads in the 
neighbourhood have been given names from Ireland, e.g. Cork 
Street and Ulster Road. 

CoNNON Road. (From Hornby Road to Esplanade Road.) 

Named after Mr. John Connon (died 1874), Chief Presidency 
Magistrate, Bombay. He was for long a prominent citizen and 
Chairman of the Bench of Justices when they managed Muni- 
cipal affairs before the Act of 1872. For several years, from 
1859 onwards, he directed The Bombay Gazette. He also took 
an interest in education among the Anglo -Indian Community 
and a school was called after him the John Connon High School. 

Convent Street. (From Wodehouse Road to Colaba Causeway.) 

Named after the Fort Convent School. The Holy Name 
Church, with the Archbishop's house on one side and the school 
on the other, form a symmetrical group in Wodehouse Road 
which waj^ completed in 1904-05, superseding the establishment 
of the Fort Chapel. 

That Chapel was built by the Carmelites some time aftei 
1720. Attached was the residence of the Vicar Apostolic, 
and, after 1886, of Archbishops Porter and Dalhoif. After 
1760 when the Esperan9a Church was removed to the Esplanade, 
the Fort Chapel became the centre of the Fort parish. The 
buildings were renovated in 1846. In 1904 the Archbishop 
transferred his residence to Wodehouse Road, and the Church 
. of the Holy Name, next door to his house, superseded the 
Fort Chapel, which in 1905 was dismantled and turned into 
shops and tenements, as is seen now. Attached to the esta- 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 51 

* blishment was tlie Fort Convent School founded in 1855 by 
the congregatio'n of Jesus and Mary. This also was transferr'^d 
to a new building in Wodehouse Road in 1904. 

'."fhe Rev. Father Hull, Editor of The Examiner, who has , 

♦ kindly supplied the foregoing facts, adds : — The Exmniner 
Press m Medows Street, still part of the old Fort Chapel group, 
was founded in 1867. A new road has been planned which 

' will cut through the Fort Chapel property and cause the old 
buildings to disappear. 

CooMBHARWADA Cross Lane. (From Chakla Street to,De Souza 
Street.) 

The place was formerly occupied by Coombhars, dealing in 
pots, tiles, bricks, etc. 

Kumhar (Kanarese) or Kumbhar (Marathi from the Sanskrit 
kumhhahara) a water-jar maker. The name of a caste ; 
they are potters, and sometimes makers of tiles and bricks, 
and earthen idols also. In Kanara some are dyers. They 
rank high among Sudra castes. (Whitworth. Anglo-Indian 
Dictionary). 

1st Cooper Street. {From Pakmodia Street to Parel Road.) 

Formerly known as Edulji Cooper Street. Cooper is a Parsi 
surname. " Cooper is one of the commonest occupative names, 
a derivative of Latin cupa or cuppa, a vessel." (*' The Romance 
of Names " by E. Weekley). 

Cooperage Road. (From Wod^shouse Road to Mayo Road.) 

The Cooperage, described in 1759, as " a shed the coopers 
work in," was actually situated within the Dockyard until 
1742, when pressure of space obliged Government to remove 
it to a warehouse on the water's edge belonging to Mr.Broughton. 
From that date the Cooperage continued to occupy hired build- 
ings until 1781, when Rear- Admiral Sir Edward Hughes pro- 
tested against the proximity of the buildings to the Garrison, 
and Government resolved to "erect a proper shed upon the 
Apollo ground for the reception of the King's provisions." 
This shed has given the Cooperage area its name and was' in 
use until 1886, when the new stores were built in the Dockyard. 
(Bombay City Gazetteer, III, 272). 



52 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

^ c 

CooRLA Stkeet. (From Clive Road to Frere Road.) 

Named after the village of Coorla on the G. I. P. Railway in 
r Thana District. , c 

(T C 

COPPEKSMITH Lane. (From Moomhadevi Road- to Abdul Rehman' 
Street) and Coppersmith Street (Dockyard Road to Reay 
Road.) 

There are coppersmiths shops in both streets. 

Cork Road. (A blind road from Sussex Road.) 

Named after County Cork, Ireland. (See Connaught Road.) 

Cotton Green Road. (From Colaba Causeway to Merewether 
Road.) 

" The present Cotton Green is situated at Colaba, and was 
first set apart for the purpose about the year 1844." (Bombay 
City Gazetteer, III, 252). The original Cotton Green of Bombay 
(the side of which is now partly occupied by Elphinstone Circle 
q.v.) was called the Bombay Green. This use of the word 
Green — of which there is a survival in Green Street — can never 
have been very apt in dusty Bombay. Golfers with rare vera- 
city use the word Brown, and the Cotton Brown on the analogy 
of "putting brown," w^ould be a better description. To this 
fact, attention was drawn in 1839 when were published the 
anonymous (by Major David Price) " Memoirs of the Early 
Life and Service of a Field Officer of the Indian Army." Re- 
ferring to his residence in Bombay in 1789, the author says : 
" Having landed our detachment of the ninth battalion and 
paraded them under the old tamarind tree on Bombay Green 
(so called I suppose like lucus a non lucendo, because it seldom 
or never exhibits that colour so refreshing to the eye), we finally 
conducted them to their barracks on the Esplanade. I then 
sought my staid and excellent friend, Wilham Morris, and 
with him, agreed to renew, as long as circumstances would . 
admit, that confraternal plan of living together which had 
hitherto for so many years contributed so largely to our mutual 
comfort. For this purpose we rented a well built house, about 
half way between the Church and Bazaar Gate at the termi- 
nation of the back lane opening upon the ramparts which from 
the occupation of our opposite neighbours we call Shoe-Maker 
Lane." 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 53 



Council RoaDj {From Hornby Road to Cruickshank Road 
behind the Municipal Offices.) * 

Kamed either after the Council Hall of the Bombay 
^Municipal Corporation, or, as seems more probable, after the 
, Town Council as the Municipal body was for long known. 

> 

Cow Lane. {From Kandewadi Lane to Mugbhat.) 

" Cows were assembled here every morning before being taken 
to pasture." The old inhabitant responsible for that statement 
does not, however, say when the name was given or when the 
practice was discontinued . 

CowASJi Patel Tank Road. {From Kika Street, Erskine and 
Falkland Roads to Girgaum Back Road). 

" Owes its name to the son of one Rustom Dorabji who, in 
1692, placed hunself at the head of a body of Kolis and assisted 
the English to repeal an invasion by the Sidis. For this good 
work he was appointed by the Company Patel of Bombay, and a 
Sanad was issued conferring the title upon him and his heirs in 
perpetuity." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I, 40). This Rustom 
Dorab is known among Parsis as Rustom General, or General. 
He died at the age of 96 in 1763. The tank was built by his son 
Cowasji Patel about 1780. He was the first Parsi to settle and 
have property in Salsette, when it came in 1774 into British 
hands, the East India Company giving him several villages 
there. He died in 1799 aged 57. (The Parsi Patels of Bombay, 
p. 20, etc. Also Bombay Bahar by R; Vacha, p. 255, etc.). 
The tank has now been filled in. At a meeting of the Corpora- 
> tion in April, 1915, it was stated that Bai Dinbai Byramji 
Patel had laid claim to the site and had expressed her wish to 
erect a statue of the donor on the site. The Commissioner 
stated : "It has always been a public tank and Bai Dinbai 
has no claim to any ownership. There does not seem any 
necessity for placing a statue of the original constructor of the 
tank on the site, as funds would probably not be forthcoming 
for it but if, as suggested above, the plot is laid out as a garden, 
it may be called the Cowasji Patel Garden, and a descriptive 
tablet may be put up in it. .This will be quite sufficient to 
preserve the constructor's name." 



I 



54 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

« c 

f/Ross Island. . 

Campbell's "Materials " etc., Vol. III., p. 655, has the follow- 
ing : — " Also known as Gibbet Island, it is a small rounded 
knoll about 80 feet above high-water level and 500 yards east' 
of Carnac Bandar. According to one account, this island ' 
received its name, because on it the first Portuguese (A.D.1507-,* 
1509) set a cross in sign of possession. In support of this 
derivation the common name of the island Signalo is quoted 
aa proving that on it the cross was planted as a sign or signal . 
But in Urdu-Marathi Shinala means not a signal but a harlot, 
and this may be the origin of the common Bombay story that 
certain harlots who were implicated in a murder were the first 
offenders who were hanged on the cross or gibbet on Cross Island. 
Of the practice of hanging pirates and other heinous offenders 
in chains on Cross Island, the author of Qui Hi (1816, page 202) 
has left the following : 

The sails are set, they catch the wind, 
The Elephanta's left behind. 
Dismal the wretched fellows rung 
That on Cross Island's gibbets hung ; 
Dismal the kites, and crows, and cranes, 
Shrieked to the music of the chains. 

(A footnote in Qui Hi says that Cross Island was " a well 
known Golgotha, near Bombay.") 

Cruickshank Road. (Dhohi Talao to Victoria Terminus.) 

Named after Col. J. D. Cruickshank, of the Bombay Engineers, ' 
who retired in 1895. He served some time in Gujarat, and in 
Aden where he supermtended the building of fortifications. 
One of his sons, m the R. G. A., is now (1917) in the United 
States supervising, as British agent, the manufacture of muni- 
tions for the Allies. 

This road was formerly known to the Indian pubHc as ' Vachla 
Rusta,' or * Middle Road,' because it was between Hornby 
and Esplanade Roads. 



■ \ 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 55 



CuPFE Parade .Eoad. (From Panday Road to Wodehouse 
Road in the area reclaimed from the sea by the Improvement 
^ Trust). 

. learned after Mr. T. W. Cuffe, of King, King & Co., Chairman 

,of the Standing Committee of the Corporation 1901-2. As 

»a member of the Improvement Trust he suggested the raised 

•footpath which distinguishes this road. He was Commandant 

of the Bombay Light Horse. 
The Municipal Road Book gives the title Cuffe Parade Road, 

but in general use the Road is dropped. 

CuMBALLA Hill. 

Kambala Hill apparently the grove of Kambal or Kamal 
also called shimti, Odina wodier. (Campbell, III, 595.) 

This explanation has an air of deep learning, but is rather 
difficult to support by quotation. Odina wodier is a large 
tree common in deciduous forests throughout India and Burma. 
In " Indian Trees " by Sir Dietrich Brandis (published in 190G) 
a number of vernacular names for the tree are given, but the 
only one which even remotely resembles that given by Campbell 
is Kamlai, and that is not a Bombay word, but from the Pimjab. 

Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi writes :— " In my opinion the cor- 
rect name of the hill is Khamhala and not Cumballa. Among 
the old residents the hill is known as Khambala tekdi or hill. 
The hill i? close to the Gowalia Tank where the Gowalas or cow- 
herds of Bombay brought the cattle of the locality for drinking 
water. The hill was a jungle and as in course of time a number 
of hhambs came to be fixed there, the place was called Khamb- 
alaya or Khambala that is an abode or locality of khambs. Now 
what were these khambs ? Anyone well acquainted with the 
folklore and religious observances of the old lower class Bombay 
Hindu would tell you that these khambs were abodes or resting 
places for the temple ghosts of certain dead ancestors. Suppose 
in a home or family the lady of the house, or her daughter-in- 
law, or son, or daughter, has fallen sick, or children die after 
birth, or any other calamity occurs. What would the old vil- 
lager do ? He generally would send for the Bhagat or exorcist. 
This Bhagat would pretend to be possessed with the spirit of the 
dead ancestor and would tell the householder that in order to 
cure the patient it was necessary to pacify the spirit by giving 
it a fixed resting place. For this purpose a post. of the khair 



56 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

tree is cliosen, nails are driven therein, thQ exorcist's black 
"'thread called nada dora is tied round it, garlands of marigold, 
mahhnal flowers are fastened to it, some mantras are recited 
over it, and then waving it thrice before the face of the patient 
at evening time it is taken to a selected lonely place and there 
it is fixed in the ground. The patient or his relative worships^' 
this khamh periodically that is on the date on which thQ 
ancestors died and during the " Manes Fortnight " which falls 
in Bhadrapada, September '* 

CuBREY Road. (From Suparibag Road to DeLisle Road.) 

Named after C. Currey, Agent of the B. B. and C. I. Railway, 
1865-75. In 1876 he was appointed Secretary to the Company 
in London and held that post until his death in September, 

1878. 

Custom House Road. {From Elphinstone Circle to Apollo Street.) 

Named after the Government Custom House situated on 
this road. 

Dadab Road. (Frcym Suparibag Road to the junction of Portu- 
guese Church Street and Lady Jamsetji Road.) 

From the village of Dadar through which it runs. Dadar 
in Marathi, means a stair-case or ladder, and as this locality 
could be regarded as part of a ladder leading to Bombay it was 
called Dadar. There is more than one instance of localities 
lying on the outskirt C)f a village being formerly named Dadar 
by Koli residents. Thus, for instance, the locality on the out- 
skirt of the village Kelva in Thana District, which is wholly «- 
occupied by Koli fishermen, is called Dadar. 

Dady Stbeet, OB Dady Agiaby Stbeet. {East of Girgaum 
Back Road, Khetwady.) 

So named after Ardeshir Dady (1757-1810) who formerly 
owned the large oart through which the street was made. 
Ardeshir was a rich and respected Parsi Merchant of the Dady or 
Dadysett family. His father Dady Nasarwanji (1735-1799) 
was a well-known banker. {See also Homji Stbeet). 



» \ > 

BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 57 

Dadyshet Agiary gTREET. {From Girgaum Road to Kalbadevi 
Road.) 

f* 

The Agiary after whicli this street is called is really an Atesh 

BaHram, i.e., Fire Temple of the highest class, there being only 
tlfree others in Bombay ; whereas there are nearly 50 Agiarys 
or }}emples of a lower class. This Fire Temple was consecrated 
in 1783 at the expense of Dady Nasarwanji (1735-99), a rich 
Parsi Banker, by Mulla Kawoos, the father of the celebrated 
Mulla Firuz. 

Dadyshet Road. (From Chawpati and Walkeshwar Junction 
to Bahulnaih Road.) 

Named after the founder of the Parsi Dadyshet family who 
left a large property in this neighbourhood in trust for the main- 
tenance of the Dady Fire Temple between Guzer Road and 
Kalbadevi Road. This founder, Dady Nasarwanji (1735-99), 
was a broker and banker and amassed great wealth. The 
Chaupati property was acquired about 1783 from a Portuguese 
named Barretto. (Bombay Bahar, by Wacha, 311.) 

Dady Suntook Lane. (A blind lane in the Dhobi Talao Section 
of Girgaum Road.) 

Named after Dady or Dadabhai Suntook (born in 1745) 
who was a noted Parsi horse-dealer, and had his stables here. 
He had extensive dealings with Arab merchants who supplied 
his stables. He died in 1824. His son Sorabji Suntook (1800- 
1862) carried on his business. Both father and son were well- 
known among English sportsmen . in Bombay. Suntook is 
originally a Hindu name. 
> 
Dalal Street. {From Hummum Street to Apollo Street.) 

Dalals (sharebrokers) assemble for business in this street. 
This street speculation became very prominent in 1913 when 
the acting Police Commissioner (Mr. R. Mactier) endeavoured 
to interfere with the Dalals in the enjoyment of what they had 
come to regard as a right, namely, the occupation of this street. 

Dammer Lane. (From Gamdevi Road to French Road.) 
Dammer (a corruption of the Hindi damar) means rezin, pitch. 



/ 



58 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 



Dariasthan Street. (From Musjid Bunf^er Road to Samitel 
Street.) 

Named after the Hindu Temple called Dariasthan (^od of 
the Sea) which exists here. • 

# 
D'LiMA Street. (Fiom Dockyard and Reay Roads to Freye 

Road and Wadi B^mder Road.) ' 

Named after Lawrence D'Lima, a Portuguese Merchant 
owning property in this locality. 

Dean Lane. (From Hummum Street to Tamarind Lane.) 

See Ash Lane. 

De Lisle Eoad. {From Haines Road to New Parbhadevi Road 
and Elphinstone Road.) 

This road was constructed in 1868. (Michael : History of 
Municipality, p. 408). Named after Lieutenant A. De Lisle, 
who was appointed Secretary of the Foras Commission in 1851 
by the Bombay Government. But after a short time his place 
on the Commission was taken by F. Hutchinson by whom the 
Foras Report was written. 

Deodar Bowdi Lane. (Mazagon.) 

The particular well (bowdi) which gave its name to the lane is 
shaded by a deodar tree. 

Depot Lane. (Fr(ym, Girgaum Road to New Queen^s Road.) 

It led to a night-soil depot situated at the end of the lane 
and was known among the residents of the locality by the 
name Hagri Galli or Night Soil Lane. The Lane has been 
absorbed into Lamington Road. 

De Souza Street. (From Masjid Bunder Road to Samuel 
Street.) 

Dhabu Street. (From Er shine Road to Grant Road.) 

-Formerly known as Baba Dhabu Street. So called from 
Baba Saheb Dhabbu, a Konkani Mahomedan, who had property 
there in former days. Dhabbu means originally a thick copper 
piece worth two pice, and is generally used as a nickname for a 
showy simpleton, in Gujarati. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 59 

Dhanji Street. (From Moomba Devi Road to Mirza Street.) 

Named after a Parsi Dhanji Jamshed Doongaria wlio lived 
in this street. He died some time before 1827. 

There was until recently another Dhanji Street, abutting on 
Gir^aum Back Koad, called after a Parsi, Dhanjibhai Framji, 
buti that name has been altered by the Municipal Corporation 
to Procter Street (q.v.) 

DharAmsi Street. (From Dhaboo Street to Parel Road.) 

Formerly known as Peerbhoy Dharamsi Street. 

Dharavi Road. (From Siori Road to B. B. & C. I. Railway 
Level Crossing near Mahim Station.) 

Named after the village of Dharavi near Sion, Bombay. 
Dhobi Street. (From Musjid Bunder Road to Bhajipala Street.) 

On account of the residences of Dhobis (washermen). 
Dhobi Talao. (South end of Girgaum Road.) 

This tank has given its name to a busy locality as well as 
a lane. But the tank has now been filled in and for some years 
before that operation took place the dhobis had transferred their 
activities to the well on the north comer of the Esplanade maidans. 
A tablet still (1917) remains in a fragment of the wall that end 
closed the tauk aud bears the following inscription : — 

" Framji Cowasjee Tank. This tank was so called by order 
of Government to commemorate the late Framji Cowasjee's 
liberality in expending a large sum of money on its reconstruc- 
tion in the year 1839." 

DfiOBiWADA Road. (From Haines Road to Mahalaxmi Station.) 

Named after a Dhobiwada (a public washing place of the 
city) which is situated along this road. This Dhobis' place was 
until forty years ago on the si'te of the present Victoria Ter- 
minus, on the erection of which it was removed to Mahalaxmi. 

Dhun Mill Gully. (From Khed Tank to Dhun Mill.) 

Named after a Cotton Mill of the same name, which was 
founded by the late Nasarwanji Ardeshir Hormusji Wadia, 
who called it after his mother Dhunbai. 



/. 



60 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 



Dhuswadi (Dhobi Talao). (From Lohai Street to Wellington 
Street.) 

Dockyard Road. {From Mazagon Road to Mazagon Fier.) 

The P. & 0. Dockyard is situated here. « 

Doctor Street. (From Erskine Road to Grant Road.) 

Formerly known as Shaikh Abdul Doctor Street, after a 
Mahomedan physician, Dr. Khoja Abdulla, of Ratnagiri, who 
died about 15 years ago and was a noted resident in this quarter. 
The street is also known as Dhanwady : dhan means rice. A 
section of it is locally known as Tiwali Moholla or street, a 
name which it got from a prominent resident, Kutbuddin 
Tiwali, who was a Konkani Mahomedan and Serang, or 
foreman, in the Gun Carriage Factory at Colaba. 

DoLKER Street. (From De Lima Street to Church Street.) 
DoNGARSi Road. (From Walkeshwar Road to Harkness Road.) 

Probably called after a Bhattia landowner named Dongarsi 
or Doongarsi. 

DoNGRi Street. (From Carnac Bridge to Jail Road South,) 

" Dongri, which appears in English writings of the seventeenth 
century as Dungrey and Dungaree means the hilly tracts, from, 
the Marathi word Dongar." (Bombay City Gazetteer I, 27.) 
The name will survive the hill, for this dongri, or hill, was long 
considered by military authorities as a menace to the Fort of 
Bombay in the hands of an enemy, and they several times 
recommended it to be taken down and levelled : this has at last 
been partly done by the City Improvement Trust, though not of 
course for the old reason. (Campbell, II, pp. 357-361.) 

DoNTAD Street. (From Musjid Bunder Road to First Chinch 
Bunder Road.) 

Named on account of two Tad trees that existed in this road. 
Don two (Marathi) and Tad Palm tree. 

DooNGRi Street. (East of Parel Road^ Bhendi Bazaar behind 
Pala Street.) 

So named from onions having been stored there formerly 
doongri meaning, in Cutchi dialect, onions. This Doongri is 
to be carefully distinguished from Dongri hill (q.v.). 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 61 

DuBASH Lane. {From Sandhurst Road to Girgaum Back Road.) 

Dubash is the surname of the Parsi, the late Dadabhai Hor- 
musji Dyibash (1832-1896) who had property there. The 
word duoash has had various meanings (for which see Hobson- 
JobsOn) all obsolete in Bombay now except that of a man 
attached to a mercantile house as broker transacting business 
witA Indians. 

DuBRA Street. (North-East of Pydhonie.) 

So named from dubras being stored there. A Dubra is a 
large bottle-shaped vessel made of hides in which ghee or 
clarified butter is preserved. 

DuKAR Wady. (A blind lane from Girgaum Road to Burial 
Ground.) 

' Duker ' means ' pig,' there having formerly been a small 
pork market kept by Goanese, who subsequently moved 
southward to a lane named DukarguUy, where they are still to 
be found. 

Duncan Road. (From Bellasis Road to Erskine Road and 
Falkland Road.) 

Named after Jonathan Duncan (1756-1811), Governor of 
Bombay from 1795 to 1811 ; it is one of the oldest roads in Bom- 
bay. The Duncan Causeway (Sion), the Duncan Dock (Govern- 
ment Dockyard in Fort), and Duncan Market, which formerly 
existed in Shaik Memon Street, are all named after this Governor. 

One of the nameplates in Duncan Road is inscribed 
" Duncon Street." 

) 
DuRGADEVi Street. (From Duncan Road to Trimbak Purashram 

Street.) 

Named after the temple of the Hindu goddess Durgadevi, 
^ituated in this street. Durga is a name of the goddess Par vat i, 
the consort of Shiva. 

DuxBURY Lane. (Colaba Road.) 

Named after J. R. Duxbury, Traffic Manager, B. B. & C. I. 
Railway. He entered that Company's service, 1866, and died 



( ' 

62 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

July, 1892. He lived in Colaba and for many years represfented 
that and the Fort Ward in the Corporation. 

DwARKADAS Street. {Ffom Modi Street to Bora Baz6/k^Street.) 
Formerly known as Devji Dwarkadas Street. 

Dyeing Mill Gully. {From Mahim Bazaar Rood to Sea-shore.) 
Named after a Dyeing Mill situated here. 

Eldon Road. (From University Road to Esplanade Road.) 

Named after Lord Eldon (1751-1838), Lord Chancellor from 
1801 to 1827. The lane is close to the Law Courts and many 
lawyers have offices in it ; hence presumably, by association of 
ideas, it was named after a great legal luminary. 

Elephanta. 

" An island in Bombay harbour, the native name of which is 
Gharapuri (or sometimes, it would seem, shortly, Puri) famous 
for its magnificent excavated temple, considered by Burgess 
to date after the middle of the 8th century. The name was 
given by the Portuguese from the life-size figure of an elephant, 
hewn from an isolated mass of trap-rock, which formerly stood 
in the lower part of the island, not far from the usual landing 
place. This figure fell down many years ago, and was often 
said to have disappeared. But it actually lay in situ till 1864-5, 
when (on the suggestion of the late Mr. W. E. Frere) it was re- 
moved by Dr. (later Sir) George Birdwood to the Victoria 
Gardens at Bombay, in order to save the relic from destruction. 
The elephant had originally a smaller figure on its back." 
(Hobson-Jobson). It was re -erected in Victoria Gardens in 
1914 by Mr. P. R. Cadell, LC.S., then Municipal Commissioner, 
and the late Mr. B. H. Hewett, Mechanical Engineer to the 
Municipality. {See also Mori Road.) 

Elphinstone Circle. {Opposite Town Hall.) 

See also Cotton Green. 

" This circle of buildings was projected during Lord Elphin- 
stone's Governorship by C. Forjett and with his support and also 
his successor Frere's it was ready in 1863.*' (Maclean's Guide, 
1899, p. 231). 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 63 

" »Also caviled Amliagal ' in front of the tamarind ' the bullock 
driver's name for Klphinstone Circle from the old tamarind at 
the North-East corner of the Cathedral close." (Campbell, 

III, m^) 

EJphinstone road (from north end of DeLisle road to Parel road) 
also is called after Lord Elphinstone, who was Grovernor of 
Bombay, 1853 to 1860. 

Erskine Road. (From Falkland and Duncan Roads to Parel 
Road). 

So named after James Claudius Erskine (1821-93), first Di- 
rector of Public Instruction, 1854-9 ; Judge of High Court, 1862-3 ; 
and Member of Council, 1865-7. He was grandson of Sir James 
Mackintosh. The Indian public call this Null Bazar Road. (q. v.) 

Esplanade Road. (From Esplanade Cross Road to Colaba 
Causeway.) 

Not much of the Esplanade survives. In 1851 the author 
of " Life in Bombay and the neighbouring out-stations " (p. 36) 
was able to write of it as follows : — " The Esplanade is a large 
level space, formerly covered with cocoa-nut trees, but now to- 
tally unconscious of any symptom of vegetation, beyond the 
green turf, with which it is carpeted. An excellent road, of 
about two miles in length, runs through the centre of it, affording 
an agreeable drive from the harbour on one side, to the commence- 
ment of the native bazaars on the other, and running in a parallel 
line between the Fort and Back Bay." 

Falkland Road. (From Corner of Null Bazaar to Tardeo 
Tram Terminus.) 

Constructed between 1866 and 1868 (Michael, History of 
Municipality, p. 408). Called after the tenth Viscount Falkland 
(1803-84), Governor of Bombay from 1848 to 1853. He was 
Governor of Nova Scotia (1840-46), Captain of the Yeomen of 
the Guard (1846-48). He married a daughter of William IV 
and Mrs. Jordan, whose book " Chow-Chow " gives a valuable 
description of life and society in Bombay during her time. 

Fanaswadi Lane. (From Body Shet Agiary Street to Tha- 
kurdwar Road). 

Fanaswadi, Jack fruit garden : (more commonly Phanaswadi). 



64 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Fazul Road. {From Cuffe Parade to Wodehouse Road), *- 

Named after Sir Fazulbhoy Ciirrimblioy Ebrahim, Kt., 
(b. 1872) second son of Sir Currimbhoy Ebrahim, Bart., and 
owner of house property in this road. ^' 

Fergusson Road. (From DeLisle Road to Worli Road.) 

Named after Sir James Fergusson, sixth Bart. (1832-1907) 
who was Governor of Bombay from 1880 to 1885. He entered 
the Grenadier Guards in 1851, and served in the Crimea. M.P. 
for Ayrshire 1854, 1857, and 1865. Under-Secretary of State for 
India, 1866-67. Governor of S. Australia, 1868, of New Zealand, 
1873-75. Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, 1886-91. Post- 
master General, 1891-92. 

Flagstaff Hill. (See Golanji Hill.) 

FoFALWADi. (Blind Lane from Bhuleshwar.) 

Named after the areca catechu trees that formerly existed 
here. It is from this tree that there is obtained the famous 
masticatory best known as betel-nut, which in Persian is called 
Pupal and in Arabic fufal. 

FoRAS Road. (From Bellasis Road to Grant Road Junction.) 

Da Cunha discusses this word at length. Sir Michael Westropp 
had in a judgment stated that ' foras is derived from the Portu- 
guese word /om (Latin /of<75 horn f oris, a door) signifying out- 
side.' Da Cunha disputes that and says that if fors (quit rent 
payable to the King or Lord of the Manor) is to be traced to a 
Latin origin, it is more appropriate to derive it from forum, a 
public place where such affairs as the payment of rents were 
transacted. 

P. P. M. Malabari, in ' Bombay in the Making ' (p. 388) 
has the following note : — ■" The roads from the Fort crossing 
the * Flats or Foras lands ' between Malabar Hill and Parel,- 
were generally known as the ' Foras Roads ; ' but this general 
title seems to have been superseded by other names, though this 
ancient term is still preserved in a road called the Foras Road." 

Mr. P. R. Cadell writes : — " Was not the term intended to be 
applied to roads which were to be constructed by foras-tenure 



> 

BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ^ 

holders ? There was long a Foras road shown on the maps,^ 
but never constructed, near Elphinstone Road. It is still 
shown on the large Government map as Proposed Foras Road." 

Forbes Street. (From Apollo Street to Esplanade Road.) 

• Named after Mr. J. A. Forbes who was President of the 
Municipal Corporation, 1874-75. The offices of the firm of 
Forbes are situated there. 

FoRJETT Street. (From Gowalia Tank Road to Tardeo Road.) 

*' So named in memory of an officer of the Bombay Police 
who, at the time of the Mutiny, by his foresight and extraordinary 
knowledge of the vernacular saved Bombay from a mutiny of the 
garrison (Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. I, p. 43). Charles Forjett 
(1808-1890) was Commissioner (then styled Superintendent) 
of Police, 1855-64. Also Chief Municipal Conamissioner for Bom- 
bay. How he nipped the Mutiny in Bombay in the bud he 
himself related m his book "Our Real Danger in India" 
(Cassell, 1878)." 

Fort Chapel. {See Convent Street.) 

Fort Street. {From Frere Road to Hornby Road.) 

Probably from Fort George or St. George (on site of St.George's 
Hospital) of which a few remains survive close by. 

French RoId^^' 1 *^^^^ Girgaum Road to Queen's Road, 
including the French Bridge.) 

' The Bridge and the road were constructed, 1866, (Bombay 
City Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 509, gives date wrongly as 1886) and 
take their name from Col. P. T. French, one of the original 
founders of the B. B. & C. I. Railway. He w^as Chairman 
of the Board of Directors for nearly 32 years, and resigned 
in 1885. 

Frere Road. {From Mint Road to Malet Road.) 

Named after Sir Bartle Frere, first Bart. (1815-1884). Gover- 
nor of Bombay (1862 to 1867). He came to India in the Civil 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 



' 



Service m 1834. Chief Commissioner in Sind, 1850-59. Member 
of the Council of India, 1867-77. Governor of 'the Cape, 1878-80. 

Fuller Road. (From Esplanade Road to Mayo Road.) 

Named after Colonel J. A. Fuller, R.E., Superintending 
Engineer, P. W. D. He was architectural Engineer ang, 
Surveyor, and several of the great buildings in Bombay, such 
as the Law Courts, were designed by him and constructed 
under his supervision. 

Gaiwadi Gully. {From Lady Jamsetji Road to Mahim Bazaar 
Road.) 

Gaiwadi means literally an open space for cows. There are 
one or two Gaiwadis elsewhere, e.g., between Girgaum Road and 
Kalbadevi in the district known as Cavel. 

Gamdevi Road. (From Gowalia Tank to Chaupati.) 

" The Gamdevi temple is considered to be one of the oldest 
in Bombay. As its name indicates, it is dedicated to the village 
goddess of that part of the island where it is situated. Gamdevi 
is derived from grama in Sanskrit or gav in Marathi, a village, 
and devi a goddess." (da Cunha, p. 55.) 

Garden Lane. (Between Khetwady Main Road and Sandhurst 
Road.) 

Constructed by the Improvement Trust close to one of their 
gardens. 

Garibdas Street. (From Dariasthan Street to DeSouza Street.) 

Garibdas means "your humble servant " or "the slave hi 
the poor " and appears to be a singularly infelicitous title for 
a Bombay landlord to own. 

Gell Street. (From Gilder Street to Ripon Road and Morland^ 
Road Junction.) 

A recently constructed road which leads to a police accommo- 
dation scheme and is therefore named after a former Police 
Commissioner, H. G. Gell, M.V.O., Police Commissioner, 
Bombay, 1904 to 1909. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 67 

Ghellabhoy Street. {From Ripon Road to Mdhomedan^ 
Street) 

Sv5^ named after Gliellabhai Doolubdas, a vakil or pleader, 

wto owned a large portion of the land round about Ripon 

^Road in the district of Madanpura. He still holds the Fazandar 

xights over some land, but most of the land has been taken up 

>)y the Improvement Trust. 

Ghoga Street. {From Par si Bazaar Street to Hornby Road.) 

The well known Banaji family had property here and the 
street was so named after the nickname of the family among 
Parsis — Ghoga. It is said that this nickname was first applied 
to Cawasji, the father of the famous Framji Cowasji Banaji 
because he once had an altercation in his shop with a sailor and 
told him in a loud voice to leave his shop emphatically uttering 
"Go, Go." The sailor left his shop but standing close by had 
his revenge by dissuading customers from entering the shop 
by saying ' Don't go to this ' Go Go's shop," The name caught 
on and the family is still known among Parsis by this name 
(Vacha : Bombay Bahar, p. 330). Mr. S. M. Edwardes writes : 
" Might it not also be named after the place Gogha on the west 
coast of India ? In early days of British trade the names 
Diu, Gogha or Gogo, and Cambay constantly appears. Cf. 
Goghari Moholla. Gogo was the method of spelling Gogha 
in old records." Mr. Karkaria remarks : " This is not likely 
because the street was inhabited from the first by Parsis who 
had no connection with Gogo in Bhavnagar and because the 
Gujarati name Ghogano Moholla, the street of Ghoga or in 
which Ghoga lived, is pretty decisive. Moreover the house 
in which Cowasji Ghoga or Banaji lived for a long time still 
'jxists." 

This street had another name until lately, i.e., Tod Street, 
from James Tod, Head of the Bombay Police, 1779-90, who 
had his house and chowky here. Tod was afterwards removed 
for bribery {vide R. P. Karkaria in the Bombay Gazette, 1907, 
Oct. 7). {See also Gunbow Street.) 

Ghorupdeo Road. {From Reay Road to the Junction of Mount 
Road and Tank Bunder Road.) 

Named after the temple of the goddess Ghorupdevi situated 
on the road. 



i i 

68 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

c 

^ GiBBS Road (Malabar Hill). {J^rom Gowa\ia Tank Road to 
Ridge Road.) 

Named after James Gibbs, C.S.I. (1825-1886), Vice-Chariiellor 
of the University of Bombay, 1870-1879, Judge of the High 
Court, Member of Council, Bombay (1874-79) and Member of 
Supreme Council (1880-85). Gibbs long resided in a bungalow, 
(now occupied by Mrs. H. A. Wadia) near All Saints' Church", 
and this road was called after him when it was built in 1879. 

Gilder Street. (From Arthur Road to Grant Road.) 

Named after a public spirited missionary, the Rev. Charles 
Gilder who appears to have been held in high regard by the 
people of Bombay. He was for several years connected with 
Trinity Chapel and was Secretary of the Indo-British Insti- 
tution. He survived to about 1895 but seems to have been 
little known during his later years. (It is now part of 
Lamington Road.) 

GiRGAUM Road. (From the junction of Carnac and Esplanade 
Roads to Gamdevi Road, including the Kennedy Bridge.) 

" From giri (a hill) and grama (a village), from its situation 
at the base of Malabar Hill. Another derivation is from gidh, 
from the Sanskrit Gridhra (a vulture) and grama or vulture 
village, from the presence of vultures at the Towers of Silence 
to the north-west of Girgaum. But this is evidently a later 
derivation, subsequent to the advent of the Parsis to Bombay, 
The former, that of the mountainous village, seems to be yet 
true one." (da Cunha, p. 56.) 

GoGHARi Moholla AND Lane. (From Gogari Mohola to Pinjra^ 
pole Road.) 

Named after people (mostly Mahomedans) from Ghoga, near 
Bhavnagar in Kathiawar, who lived here. 

Gola Lane. (From Jijibhoy Dadabhoy Lane to Jiwaji Lane.) 

Also called " Golwad " or the quarter of the Golas. It is 
occupied chiefly by Parsis now, but Golas used to live there. 
They are a low Hindu tribe found in Gujarat and also in Bombay. 
There were many of them formerly. In 1780 there were 102 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 69 

> 

Golas (Edwardes^: Rise of Bombay, p. 211). They generally , 
do the work of rice pounding. (About this caste and their 
habi^>9, etc., vide Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. IX, parti, pp. 182-5. 
Also R. P. Karkaria on Barber Lane in Bombay Gazette, 7th 
Oct. 1907.) 

■GoLANGi Hill. 

Campbell (Bombay Town and Island Materials, III, 648) 
writes : " Across the Muddy Tank Bunder foreshore and the 
coal heaps of Frere Bandar stand the quarried face of Brae 
hill, and the Jubilee, Indo-Chinese, and National Mills, clustered 
at the foot of the woody slopes of Golangi or Flagstaff Hill." 

Gopi Tank Gully. (From Lady Jamsetji Road to Matunga Road 
Station.) 

Many tanks are called after the Gopis, or milk-maids of 
Gokul-Vrandawan, the abode of the god Krishna's childhood. 
Krishna was so pleased with their staunch devotion to God 
that all the Gopis of Gokul were able to get Mukti or salvation. 
In memory of Shri Krishna and the Gopis, pious Hindus name 
tanks after the Gopis. There is, for example, a Gopi Talao 
in Surat. 

Government Gate Road. (See Parel Government Gate 
Road.) 

Governor's Row. 

The name is applied by Maclean (Guide to Bombay, p. 
223) to the part of Churchgate Street, which divides the Oval 
'from the Marine Lines Maidan. The Governors in question 
whose statues are here are Sir Richard Temple, Lord Reay 
and Lord Sandhurst, all on the south side of this 
" Row." 

The first named statue is a landmark recognised in particular 
by the volunteers, as the following extract from the Bombay 
Volunteer Rifles' Orders (December 1914) shows : — " The 
Battalion will parade as strong as possible for Battalion Drill 
at Sir Richard Temple's statue at 4-30 p.m., on Saturday, 
December 5th." 



70 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( 

< 

GowALiA Tank Road (Cumballa Hill). (From Gamdevi and 
Tardea Road junctions to Warden and liepean Sea Road 
Junction.) 

Gowalia, cow-herd. The tank, recently filled in, was so named 
either because herds of cows and cattle came there for water 
or because gowalias used to collect together there for their \ 
midday meal, while the cows were grazing on the hill. It is^ 
an old road dating from the eighteenth century. 

Geant Road. {From Grant Road Bridge to Duncan Road.) 

" Constructed about 1840 during Mr. Grant's Governorship 
at a time when its surroundings were practically open country." 
(Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. I, p. 40.) That date" is too late for 
Sir Robert Grant was Governor from 1835 to 1838, and the 
Gazetteer states elsewhere (Vol. I, 363) — on the authority of 
The Bombay Times of Oct. 19, 1839, that on the 1st October, 
1839, Grant Road " from the obelisk to the Garden house of 
Jagannath Shankar Sett at Girgaum " was thrown open to the 
public, and was described as requiring a parapet-wall on either 
side owing to its great elevation above the adjoining lands. 
Sir Robert Grant (1779-1838) was the son of Charles Grant, a 
famous Director of the East India Company and brother of Lord 
Glenalg, President of the Board of Control, 1830-34. He died at 
Dapuri, Poona, in 1838 during his Governorship. 

Besides this road there are other places reminding the citizen 
of Bombay of this Governor, e.g., Grant's Buildings at Colaba, 
and the Grant Medical College. Douglas ('' Glimpses of Old 
Bombay," p. 125) writes : — ■'' The Tanna and Colaba Causeways 
are his monuments, besides hundreds of miles of good roads 
between this and Sholapore." 

Green Street. (From Apollo Street to Custom House Road.) 
Vide Cotton Green. 

Gunbow Street. (From Hornby Road to Bazaar Gate Street.) 

" The curious name Gunbow is probably a corruption of Ganba, 
the name of an ancestor of Mr. Jagannath Shankar set. Old 
records show that Ganbasett or Genba Shet settled in Bombay 
during the first quarter of the eighteenth century and founded 
a mercantile business within the Fort walls." (Bombay City 
Gazetteer, Vol. I, p. 33.) 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 71 

> 

Another explanation is that the street is called after a certain 
Gunbava's well to which, though partly filled in, offerings of 
flow^,s and cocoanuts are still made. According to common 
belief, Gunbava was an ascetic who had his seat near the well. 
Bava (father), or Baba among Mahomedans, seems to be an 
♦honorific word. 

» Another greatly venerated well is a little to the south of 
Gunbava's and is known as Murgabava's well. It is in a house 
in Ghoga Street and hence the eastern part of that street as 
known as Murga seri, or lane. 

Gun Careiage Street. (From Thomas Street to Gun Carriage 
Factory.) 

The factory was moved from what is now known as Hornby 
Koad to Colaba about 1820. 

Ganeshwadi. {A blind lane from Sheik Memon Street.) 

Named after the temple of Ganpati, or Ganesh, situated in 
this lane. 

GuNGA Baodi Road. (From Gunpowder Road to Dockyard 
Road.) 

There is a well in this road called Gunga Baodi. Gunga 
(Ganges in English) is the name the Hindus give to any sheet 
of water they regard as sacred, besides calling rivers by it. 
Baodi is " a well with steps leading down to the surface of the 
water." Hindi from Sanskrit wapi : intermediate forms are 
found in wao, waodi and baodi. More commonly baoli or baori 
(Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) 

Mr. R. P. Karkaria writes : — " Another derivation given by 
some to me here refers to a woman called Gunga (this is a com- 
mon name for Hindu females) who fell into this weU being 
misled by the spirit of the well who has a reputation for playing 
such pranks. In the vernacular language " Ganga baodi " would 
mean ' The woman Ganga is drowned, ' the cry of the people 
on the occasion. I was told that this well is noted for the 
virtue of its water, which virtue was derived from a Brahman 
pilgrim pouring into it a lota or vessel of water he had brought 
with him from the Ganges at Benares." 



( ' 

72 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( 

f 

Gunpowder Road. (Frofn Mazagon Tram Terminus to Eeay 
Road.) 

Named after the powder magazine there. 'i 

GuzAR Street. (From Duncan Road to Parel Road.) 

Formerly known as Makund Goo jar Sett Street. Gujars ■ 
or Guzars are inhabitants of Gujarat. ' 

GuzRi Bazaar Lane. (From Parel Road to Chambhar Lane.) 

Guzri in Guzarati means bazar so that the name of the lane 
appears to be tautologous. 

Gymnasium Road. (From Hornby. Road to the North of the 
Times of India Offices.) 

Named after the Sir D. M. Petit Gymnasium to which it leads. 

Haines Road. (From Parel Road and Clare Road to Fergusson 
Road.) 

Constructed in 1868 (Michael, History of Bombay Munici-. 
pality, p. 408) possibly called after Sir Fred. Paul Haines (1819- 
1909). Commander-in-Chief in India (1876-81) though his con- 
nexion with Bombay is not very obvious. 

Hamal Street. (From Colaba Road to Gun Carriage and goes 
Southwards to Pestonji Street.) 

This and another street of the same name near Dhobi Talao 
are called af.ter hamals, meaning palanquin bearers. Fifty 
years ago palanquins were still common conveyances in Bombay. 

Hammam Street. (From Medows Street to Apollo Street,) 

" Ham am " means " bath" and the street is so called, because 
there were baths there, somewhere near the entrance to the 
Share Bazaar. There is, or was, a Hummum's Hotel and Coffee 
House in London, also named from ' hamam. ' " It is so called 
fnpm an eastern word signifying baths " — (Leigh Hunt's " The 
Town," p. 322.) 

Hancock Bridge. 

Named after Lt.-Col. H. F. Hancock, who was a member of the 
Municipal Corporation for some years and its President, 1877-78. 



. BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 73 

Hansraj Lane. ^A blind lane from Love Larie to the East of 
the Byculla Bridge.) 

The\e is here a Hindu Temple of the same name. Both the 
lar^e and the temple are named after a wealthy Hindu, Hansraj. 

Harkness Koad. (From Nepean Sea Road to Ridge Road.) 

Named after Dr. John Harkness, first Principal of Elphin- 
stone College (1835-1862), who had a bungalow there. He died 
1870. 

Harvey Road. (Improvement Trust Scheme IV.) 

A letter from the Municipal Commissioner (Mr. P. R. Cadell) 
to the Corporation, dated 19th October 1911, says : " With 
reference to the road which it is proposed to call Harvey Road, 
Mr. Sheppard in his No. 6470 of 7th June 1909, proposed to call 
this New Gamdevi Road. The Corporation, in their Resolution 
No. 1968 of 8th July 1909, suggested that it should be called 
' Gamdevi Back Road ' or some other name. I do not think 
it should be called Gamdevi Back Road, for the simple reason 
that it is not a Back Road, but the portion of an important 
road leading from the junction of the Gowalia Tank, Grant 
Road and Girgaum Road to the sea at Chaupati. I venture 
to suggest that the whole of this road should be called Harvey 
Road after the former Municipal Commissioner whose name, 
I think the Corporation will agree, should be commemorated 
in the city. The name Gamdevi Road would, in that case, be 
confined to the portion of the Old Gamdevi Road which lies 
outside the straight road." 

Mr. W. L. Harvey (1863-1910) was Municipal Commissioner 
fl898-1905). 

Mr. W. D. Sheppard, I.C.S., Municipal Commissioner, 1905-10. 

Hasali Tank Gully. (From Lady Jamsetji Road to Mogal 
Gully.) 

Mr. R. P. Masani writes : — " Hasali tank is named after 
Hasalai village. The locality opposite the tank, bounded on 
the north and on the east by Lady Jamsetji Road, on the south 
by Portuguese Church Street, and on the west by Bhandar 
gully, was known as Hasali village. It seems the Bhandaries 



74 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

who came to the locality originally from Janjira, an island 
which according to the Gazetteers was also called Habsan, i.e., 
the Habshi's or African's land, were called Habsani. .^Their 
village came to be gradually known as Habsali, a corruption 
of Habsani, and then as Hasali. I am told that a lane in tlie 
locality was also popularly known as Habsali gully and Mr. 
Kashinath Dhuru (late Chief Inspector of Water-works) says 
that at one time the locality was mentioned as Hasali in the 
bills that were preferred by the Water Department in respect 
of water supplied to the houses in the neighbourhood." 

Henry Eoad. {From Colaba Caitseway to Merewether Road.) 

Named after the late Captain George Fitzgerald Henry of 
the P. & 0. Company. A tablet on Pedder Market Fountain 
in Mazagon reads as follows : — " Presented to the City of Bombay 
by members of the P. & 0. S/ N. Co.'s service being raised by 
them as a memorial of Captain G. F. Henry, an energetic citizen 
and a friend whom in life they regarded with esteem and 
whose sudden death they deeply deplore. G. F. Henry of 
the P. & 0. S. N. Co., a commander of their ships and their 
Superintendent afterwards for many years at Bombay. Born 
in Dublin in 1822, when driving to the office he was thrown 
from his carriage in the near neighbourhood of this spot and 
died within two hours. Feb. 23, 1877." 

Captain Henry was President of the Municipal Corporation 
when it was first constituted in 1873, and Chairman of the 
Town Council in 1876. 

Hermitage Pass. (From Gowalia Tank Road to Pedder Road.) 

Named after a Bungalow of the same name in this Pass, which 
was once occupied by Sir Charles Chambers (1789-1828), Judge 
of the Supreme Court, who died there, and afterwards by Dr. H. 
Douglas (1821-75), Bishop of Bombay, 1868 to 1874. Vishwanath 
Mandlik (1833-89), a celebrated Hindu jurist, afterwards pur- 
chased the Bungalow and resided there. 

Hog Island. 

"I see that I am credited in the Bombay Gazetteer with 
the statement that it was so called, because ships were careened 
or hogged there. This will do until some better reason is given. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 75 

The Hydraulic Lift does not enhance this view of the subject, 
and I await with * patience the resumption of the careening 
business, so that the truth of this theory may be substantiated, 
as from present appearances the said interpretation of the 
naftie of Hog Island is rather at a discount. We must therefore 
either change the name or resume business." (Douglas, "Bombay 
and Western India," Vol. II, p. 262). The New Oxford 
Dictionary gives v^arious quotations showing that to hog a 
ship used to be a good nautical expression. But it is e(mally 
probable that the name Hog is here only a term in physical 
geography. Mr. Weekley in his book on " Surnames " (p. 310) 
says that Hogg is a nickname, a variant of Hough, i.e., hill, 
which again is a variant of Hugh or How. As analogies he 
cites Cape la Hogue and'the hillock called Hooghe at the point 
of the famous Ypres salient. 

Home Street. (From Waudby Road to Hornby Road.) 

HoMji Street. (From Elphinstone Circle to Gunbow Street.) 

An old street, named after Behramji Homji (died about 1750), 
a rich Parsi Merchant, who with his brother Nasurwanji (died 
about 1756) founded the well known Dady or Dadysett family 
of the Parsis, so called after Nasurwanji's son Dady Nasurwanji 
(1735-1799). As a banker the latter was widely known and is 
mentioned in several Memoirs of that time ( e.g., Admiral 
Garden's Autobiography, p. 190, Hove's Tours in Gujarat, etc.). 
Homji and his family after him long resided in this 
street. 



Hope Street. (From Fuller Road to Esplanade Road.) 

Named after the late T. C. Hope (1831-1915) who was Muni- 
cipal Commissioner for a short time, Januaiy to May 1872. 
After a career in Bombay, he became Secretary to the Gov- 
ernment of India in the Finance and Commerce Department, 
1881-2, and for a time Finance Member in 1882. 

HoRMUSJi Street. (From Gun Carriage Street to Colaba Road.) 

Named after Hormusji Cooper, a well-known Army Contractor, 
who had property here. 



76 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Hornby Road. {From Carnac Road to Church Gate Street.) 

Named after William Hornby, Governor of Bombay, from 
1771 to 1784. 

It was called Hornby Row at the time when it only extended 
as far north as Bori Bunder. The road from Bori Bunder to 
Crawford Market was at first known as Market Road, but is 
now part of Hornby Hoad. "Row" seems to have slipped 
imperceptibly into "Road." Mr. P. R. Cadell when Muni- 
cipal Commissioner tried to restore the former term but was 
not successful. 

Hornby Vellard. (From Clerk Road to Love Grove Road.) 

Vellard, from the Portuguese vallado, a fence or embankment, 
is said to be peculiar to the island of Bombay, and now is used 
only in this one connexion — the name Hornby Vellard being as 
often as not abbreviated into " The Vellard." That its use was 
at one time more common may be seen from the fact that Maria 
Graham (in 1809) refers to the Sion Causeway as a vellard. 
Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary suggests that the Marathi 
walrad, to cross over, would supply a derivation as vellard 
may be met with under the form walade. 

Hornby should be obvious enough but commentators will not 
admit the simplicity. Hobson-Jobson — which apparently con- 
fuses the Hornby Vellard with the Sion Causeway — points 
out that the former seems to have been built some 20 years 
before Hornby's time and refers the reader to Douglas, " Bom- 
bay and Western India." Douglas, however, only points 
out the discrepancy. Mr. Karkaria explains that this was 
due to the fact that a causeway over the Breach was built 
before Hornby's time but had been destroyed by the se^.. 
Hornby rebuilt it on a much stronger basis and for this heavy 
expenditure the Court of Directors censured him. The chief 
authorities seem to be : — 

(1) Buist's Guide to Bombay (1851 or 1852) puts the date 
of construction about 20 years before Hornby's governorship. 
Thus :—" Traditions still exist to the effect that the sea flowed 
from the west up to the former of these (Paidhoni) until excluded 
by the embankment from Mahaluxmee to Love Grove con- 
structed above a century ago" (i.e., 1752). Elsewhere the 
same authority says the Vellard, which he calls Love Grove 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 77 

Vellard, was built in Governor Hornby's time betwixt 1776 
and 1780. 

Grose (Voyage, Vol. I., p. 52) writes in 1750 : The causeway 
at the^ Breacli where the sea had so gained on the land as 
nearly to divide the island. 

^ (2) Maclean's Guide to Bombay (p. 11 of 22nd edition) 
says: — " The construction (in Governor Hornby's time, 1771 
to 1784) of the vellard closing the main breach of the sea, from 
Mahaluxmee to Love Grove, made a great change in the appear- 
ance of the island." Maclean adds the story, reproduced in the 
Bombay City Gazetteer (Vol. 11. , p. 121), that Hornby built 
the vellard without the sanction of the Court of Directors. 

One other point has to be mentioned. The causeway itself 
seems for some time to have been called by the name of the 
breach it closed. " The Great Breach a name given by pervel:- 
sion of terms to a long causeway which excludes the sea from the 
low lands of Bombay." (Bombay Quarterly Review, April 
1856.) This use of the word " breach " survives in Breach 
Candy. " Breach Candy seems to mean the beach at the mouth 
of the hollow or pass, that is to say, the hollow between Cum- 
balla ridge on the north and the Malabar ridge on the south. 
The use of breach for wave-breaking or surf, the modern beach, 
is common among writers of the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries. By the middle of the eighteenth century the word 
seems in Bombay to have been locally applied to the break or 
gap in the rocks of the western shore, through which the sea 
flooded the Flats : while Candy is the old spelling of Khind 
or Pass, as exemplified by Sir James Mackintosh's Ganesh 
Candy (1804) for Ganesh Khind. The absence of either a 
tower or creek at this point militates against Dr. Murray Mit- 
chell's derivation from Buraj-Khadi (the creek tower)." (Bom- 
bay City Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 28.) 

The Gazetteer's explanation of what Breach Candy connotes 
is that which is generally accepted, i.e., its northern boundary 
would be about Mahaluxmi temple. - But this does not appear 
always to have been the case, for da Cunha (p. 57) writes : 
" The bridge over the * wide breach of land ' is now called 
Breach Candy. It is also called Vellard." He then, without 
apparently noticing the discrepancy, goes on to give the explana- 
tion (from Campbell) which is quoted in the Gazetteer and 
given above. Major H. A. Newell's Guide to Bombay (pub- 



78 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

lished in 1915) also identifies the Hornby Vellard with Breach 
Candy. 

Many of the letters from Robert Brown quoted in " Passages 
in the life of an Indian Merchant " (published in 1866) are dated 
from " The Breach," (i.e., the bungalow which still stands 
at the end of Warden Road where it joins the Vellard) othete 
are headed " Breach Candy." One letter, dated Breach 
Candy, 19th May, 1854, begins : " I have just escaped from the 

dining room to Mr. Candy's old room." The Mr. Candy 

there referred to is apparently the well-known S. P. G. Missiona- 
ry who came to Bombay in 1836, and it seemed quite possible 
that his name was perpetuated in the place-name. Unfortu- 
nately for that theory the name Breach Candy is found in 
advertisements at any rate as early as 1828. 

Hospital Lane. (From Esplanade Road to Marine Lines.) 
Named after the Military Hospital in this Lane. 

Hospital Lane. (From De Lima Street to 72Q feet eastwards.) 
Named after the Police Hospital that formerly existed here. 

Hughes Dry Dock. 

Named after Sir Walter Hughes, CLE., born 1850, 
Chairman of the Bombay Port Trust from 1892-98 and again 
1900-10. Also first Chairman of the City Improvement Trust 
when it was constituted, 1898. Knighted on the occasion of 
Prince of Wales's visit to Bombay, 1905-6. 

Hughes Road. (From the junction of Gihhs, Pedder and Gowalia 
Tank Roads to Chawpati Bridge ; opened in 1908.) 

Named after Sir Walter Hughes in recognition of his services 
to the Improvement Trust. To him was due the Improvement 
Trust Act, and he was the first Chairman of the Trust. (See 
Hughes Dry Dock.) 

" The melancholy example of Hughes road which some have 
already converted into Hugis Road." (The limes of India, 
11th May, 1911.) 

HusENKHAN Khalifa Street. (From Carnac Road to Janjikar 
Street.) 



I 

9 

► ) 

BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 79 

HuzRiA Street. (From Grant Road to Bellasis Road.) 

The name is possibly from hujra, a room set apart for a Loly 
perso^, in fact a prophet's chamber. There are two tombs 
of holy men in the street. 

?MAMWADA Road. (From Parel Road to West Jail Road.) 

Imambarah is a building in which the festival of the Mohorrum 
is celebrated and taziahs or shrines preserved. (Whitworth's 
Anglo-Indian Dictionary, p. 128.) This Imamwada or bara 
of the Shiah Mahomedans plays a great part during the Mohor- 
rum festival in Bombay and is over 100 years old, 

IsAJi Street. (From Bhandari Street to Samuel Street.) 
See note on Samuel Street. 

IsLAMPURA Street. {From Khetwadi Main Road to Falkland 
Road.) 

It is principally inhabited by Mahomedans (Islam), Pura 
or para means a quarter of a town : Islampura — ^the quarter 
inhabited by Mahomedans. 

Israel Moholla. (From Musjid Bunder Road to Tantanpura 
Street.) 

" Israel Moholla and Khadak in Mandvi represent the places 
to which they (the Bene-Israel community in Bombay) moved 
before finally settling in Umarkhadi." (Bombay City Gazet- 
teer, Vol. I., p. 249.) 

Itola Street. (From Argyle Road to Musjid Station Road.) 

Constructed by the Bombay Port Trust ua 1883, and named 
after the city of Itola in Gujarat, near Baroda, on the B. B. & 
C. I. Railway. 

Jackeria Musjid Road. (From Masjid Bunder Read to New 
Bengalpura Street.) 

So called after a mosque there built by a Memon merchant 
named Haji Jackeria (corresponding to the Jewish name 
Zachariah), who was well known in Bombay; in the early part 



80 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( 

of the nineteen til century. Lutfullah (1802) mentions him 
in his Autobiography where he says he puu up in Jackeria's 
Mosque when he came to Bombay in 1823 : " I put up in a 
mosque called Haji Zachariah's Musjid. Here I was treated 
by the servants of the Haji himself with respect and hospitaliv^y. 
I wished to have the pleasure of seeing the founder of this 
mosque, the Haji, of whose benevolent character I had heard 
much whilst in Bombay ; and on inquiry I was informed by his 
servant, who waited on me, that the Haji often sat and talked 
with me. after prayers. Indeed, I recollected a man having 
done so, but never taking him for that great man I always 
slighted and despised him. I regretted much having been so 
rude to a man who treated me with hospitality, yet could not 
but impute part of the blame to his own rude dress and man- 
ners. It being, however, incumbent on me to apologise for the 
past, I repaired to his office, where I found hiin squatted down 
on an old cushion spread on the floor, with an old bolster pillow 
behind his back, whilst his servants and attendants being 
smartly dressed, everyone of them excelled his master in ap- 
pearance. There were also English gentlemen, a captain and 
his second officer, belonging to one of his ships, standing there, 
hat in hand, perhaps for his orders. These were going to be 
given when I arrived. I was received with much civility, 
and seated next him. I begged pardon for having uninten- 
tionally slighted him in his former visits to me, which I assured 
him was owing to ignorance of his station. He replied bluntly, 
that being made of humble dust his duty was to be humble. 
I then asked him to furnish me with a passport, as without 
such security from a person of consequence nobody could go 
out of Bombay at that time. Upon this he told me to take 
my oath that I was not imposing upon him in this matter ; 
and on my having done so, he ordered his people to give mv. 
one, which being immediately written out was signed by him 
and delivered over to me. I then having offered my thanks 
to him returned home to the mosque." Autobiography of 
Lutfullah. Ed. by E. B. Eastwick (1857), pp, 210-212. 

Jacob's Circle (Ripon Road.) 

" Formerly known as the Central Station, was given its 
present name in 1886, in honour of General Le Grand Jacob." 
(Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 44.) 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES, 81 

Sir George Le Grand Jacob (1805-81) was cousin of the famous 
John Jacob of Jctcob's Horse. He was in the Bombay Axmj 
and the Political Department. At Kolhapur, during the Mutiny 
he rehdered signal service by disarming the mutineers of 27th 
Bombay Native Infantry. He was also a scholar and transcribed 
the Asoka inscription at Girnar. His adopted daughter gave 
t*he handsome fountain which adorns the centre of the Circle 
through which pass seven roads — *' Sat Rasta, " a name by 
which the circle is often known. 

Jagonnath Jiwanji's Lane. (A blind lane from Fanaswadi.) 

Jail Road. (From East Bahula Tank Road to Jail Road South.) 
Named after the Dongri Jail situated in this Road. 

Jairajbhai Street. (From Suklaji Street to Foras Road.) 

Named after the late Mr. Jairajbhai Peerbhoy (1832-1887), a 
member of the Corporation and a leading (Khoja) Mahomedan 
citizen. He was a wealthy China merchant. 

Jambli Street. (From Carnac Road to Bhandari Street.) 

Jambli Tank Street. (From Mahim Bazaar Road to Lady 
Jamsetji Road.) 

Named after Jambul trees. Mr. Kashinath Devji Dhuru, 
late Chief Inspector of Water-works, says there were two such 
trees near the tank, one of which fell down about 60 years ago. 
The jambul tree (Eugenia jambolana) is known all over India 
for its fruit and is venerated by Buddhists and Hindus. 

Janjikar Street. (From Sheik Memon Street to Dongri Street.) 

JiiEJEEBHOY Dadabhoy Lane. (From Swparihag Road to Parel 

Government Gate Road.) 

Jeejeebhoy Dadabhoy Street. (From Bohra Bazaar Street to 
Hornby Road.) 

Named a^ter a Parsi, who owned a large property here — Jee- 
jeebhoy Dadabhoy Mugana (1786-1849). He was the grandfather 
of the late Mr. Nanabhai Byramji Jijibhai : his surname Mugana 
was derived from a mute (muga) ancestor. Jeejeebhoy Dadabhoy, 
born in 1786, died in Bombay, May 1849. He was a well known 

6 



82 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

( 

banker, broker and agent. An obituary notice of him in the 
Illustrated London News, August 4, 1849, stances : — " Jeejibhoy 
Dadabhoy was one of the most active among the native capita- 
lists in the establishment of the three banks in Bombay f and 
he served his time as director respectively in the Oriental and 
Commercial Banks. To him and to Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoyj 
the inhabitants of Western India are indebted for the intro- 
duction of steam navigation for commercial and passenger 
traffic — ^the steamer Sir James Rivett Carnac, the first, and 
by far the best-paying, of the Bombay steamers having been 
built by them. Jeejibhoy Dadabhoy, the manager of this 
company, so judiciously conducted the business, that in the 
course of six years he divided profits amounting to nearly the 
outlay. ... A temple costing 50,000 rupees, or £5,000 was 
a few years ago built entirely at his expense : and wherever in 
the Island of Bombay a well could be dug to supply water 
to the poor, Jeejibhoy Dadabhoy assisted in the means for the 
same." 

Jetha Street. (From Gilder Street to Sunderdas Mill Lane.) 

Named after the father of the late Mr. Mulji Jetha. (See 
MuLJi Jetha Market). 

Jivajee Lane. (From Gola Lane to Hornby Road.) 

Called after the late Shapurji Jivajee Wacha (1841-1913) 
son of Jivajee Manockjee Wacha, who formerly owned land 
in the locality. 

JiwANJi Maharaja's Wady. (A blind lane from ^d Bhoiwada 
Lane.) 

Named after a Hindu (Bhattia) High Priest of the samr 
name. A temple bearing his name is in this lane. 

JboNDA Street. (Near Kambekar Street, east of Parel Road 
Bhendi Bazaar.) 

So called from a Joonda, or flag, which was formerly on 
the top of a Hindu temple there. Flag and temple have 
gone, but the locality is still called Nishanpura from this 
fact. Nishan^ sign, signal. 



^ BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 83 

Junction Road. . (From Haines Road to Clerk Road.) 

Because it joins Haines Road with Clerk Road, on the west of 
the 3. B. & C. I. Railway at Mahaluxmi Station. 

« 

Kair Gully. (From Old Purbhadevi Road to Dhun Mill, 
Elphinstone Road.) 

• In Marathi kair means sweepings, and probably the name is de- 
rived from this. 



Kakadwadi. (From Kandewadi Lane to Girgaum Back Road.) 
Presumably from kakadi, a. cucumber or gourd. 

Kalachowki Road. (From Arthur Road to Reay Road and Sewri 
Road Junction.) 

Named after the Police Chowki situated at the east end of the 
Road which is dammered (pitched) on the outside, and is there- 
fore kala, black. 

♦ 

Kalbadevi Road. (From Carnac Road to Par el Road.) 

" Earns its title from a shrine of Kali or Kalikadevi, once 
located in the island of Mahim and removed to this locality 
during the period of Mussulman dominion." (Bombay City 
Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 37). The varia lectio of Kalkadevi is still 
common, and in an advertisement in The Bombay Times of 
1840, it appears as Kulba Davee. The road was very narrow 
till the beginning of the nineteenth century and the temple of 
the Goddess Kalba devi (Kalika devi) occupied a large portion 
of* the road. After much negotiation with Raghunath Joshi, 
tte owner of the temple, it was arranged that the site should 
be acquired for widening the road and that a new temple 
should be built. 

Kalicut Street. (East of Mint Road.) 
Named after the town of Kalicut in Southern India. 

Kalyan Street. (From Clive Road to Frere Road,) 
Named after the town of Kalyan in the Thana District. 



> 



84 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ^ 

Kalyandas Kriparam Wady. {A blind lane Jrom Bhuleshwar 
Road,) 

Named after a Hindu citizen of the same name. This Kafyan- 
das was surnamed Motiwala, because his ancestors were pea^-I 
(moti) merchants. 

Kamathipura. 

4 

" Kamathipura, which forms an almost perfect rectangle 
between Bellasis Koad, Duncan Eoad, Grant Road and Suklaji 
Street, was until 1800 liable to periodical flooding by the sea 

The section, which earns its title from the Kama this, a 

tribe of artizans and labourers who immigrated from H. H. the 
Nizam's Dominions towards the end of the eighteenth century, 
contains no building of interest and is occupied for the most 
part by the lowest classes of the population." (Bombay City 
Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 44). As a fact the district could not have 
been flooded after the construction of the Vellard (see Hornby 
Vellard) and the streets in it were laid out about 1803. The 
term Kamathipura is commonly used to denote the prostitutes' 
quarter, and the same may be said of Grant Road and Snklaji 
Street, both of which names connote a good deal more than 
geography. 

Kambekar Street. (From Musjid Bunder Road to New 
Bengalpura Street.) 

So named after a former landlord who owned property there, 
a Konkani Mussalman called Kambekar. Nothing further can 
be discovered about him and the inhabitants in the street do not 
know anything about him. With them the name of the Street 
is Chhas Street, from the fact that formerly chhas, wh^j 
or skimmed milk, was sold there. At present there are no such 
shops in the street. 

Kandewadi Lane. (From Girgaum Back Road to Girgaum 
Road.) 

Named after the warehouses of onions (kanda) that exist here . 

Karelwadi. {From Thakurdwar Road to Girgaum Road.) 

So named because of the sandstone (karel) in the locality 
or after a kind of brick and chunam wall known as karel or karo. 



> BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 85 

Kasai Street. ^(North of Sandhurst Road and west of Mutton 
Street.) 

S»> called from kasais, butcliers, who generally reside there, 
"fhey are a distinct class of Sunni Mussulmans, marrying among 
themselves. 

,Kasar Gully. {A blind lane from Girgaum Road.) 

Kasar is the Hindi form of Marathi Kansar, from the Sanskrit 
kansya. The name of a high Sudra caste ; they are workers in 
brass and bell-metal, and cover copper vessels with tin. 
(Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) 

Kasara Basin Koad. {From Dockyard Road to Coppersmith 
Street.) 

The basin in the docks must have taken its name from the 
coppersmith (kasar) community in the neighbourhood. There 
is a Kasar Street in Kalbadevi, where there are many copper- 
smiths' shops. 

Katha Bazaar Road. 

So named from there being shops in the locality where katha 
or coir is sold. 

Kazi Street. {From Banian Road to Erskine Road.) 

Named after Kazi Mahomed Londe, one of the Kazis of Bom- 
bay Mahomedans. 

Kazi (Arabic), " A judge. Under the Muhammadan empire, 
the kazi was a civil and criminal judge. Under British rule he 
l^came an adviser to the courts on poiixts of Muhammadan law. 
He still holds a high place in Musalman communities, and leads 
the public prayers on great festivities. He is also Registrar of 
marriages and divorces, for which he receives fees ; he has also 
usually some endowment." (Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dic- 
tionary.) 

Kazi Sayyad Street. {From Bhandari Street to Samuel Street. 

Kelawadi. {A blind lane from Girgaum Road.) 
So named because banana {kela) plantations exist here. 



86 bombay place-names. ( 

Kennedy Bridge. ^ 

Kennedy Sea Face. 

Named after Michael Kavanagh Kennedy (1824-1 898) 'who 
entered the E. I. Co.'s service in the Engineers in Bomba}', 
1841 ; Lt.-Col. 1861 ; Secretary to Government of Bombay,^ 
,P. W. D. 1863 ; K.C.S.I., for services during the famine, 1876-8, 
in Bombay and Madras ; Director-General of Transport during 
the Afghan War, 1879-80 ; retired, 1880 ; Col. Commandant, 
R.E., 1891. 

Khadak Street. (Mandvi.) 

So named because the soil is rocky, khadak meaning rock. 
The locality, which embraces several streets, is hence called 
khadak by natives. 

Khamballa Hotel Lane. (A blind lane from Gowalia Tank 
Road to Khamballa Hotel.) 

Named after the Hotel of this name which at one time enjoyed 
considerable reputation. Maclean's Guide to Bombay recom- 
mended it as the best for a lengthened stay. The Hotel build- 
ing now forms part of the Parsi General Hospital. Khamballa 
is a varia lectio for Cumballa (see above under that name). 

Khambata Lane. (From Khetwadi Back Road to Falkland 
Road.) 

Named after Jehangk Dadabhoy Khambata (Engineer) who 
owned property in this lane. 

Khanderao Wadi. {A blind lane from Dady Shet Agiu^t^^ 
Street.) 

Khanderao (Marathi), " The name of an incarnation of Siva. 
There is a class of persons mentioned by Colebrooke called the 
dogs of Khanderao. These are first-bom children dedicated to 
the temple of Khanderao, near Poona, by persons who have, in 
the hope of obtaining progeny, made vows so to dedicate 
their first children." (Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) 
Khanderao, or more commonly Khandoba, is an aboriginal 
god, subsequently accepted by the Brahmans as an incarnation 
of Siva, to whom both boys and girls are dedicated at his temple 



^ BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 87 

in Jejuri (Poona). The girls become prostitutes. They are ^ 
not necessarily first-born children. (S. M. Edwardes.) 

IP^HANDiA Street. (From Grant Road to Undria Street Cross 
Lane.) 

There was a tank of this name here, possibly from khan 
meaning ' sugar. ' 

Khara Tank Street. (From Khoja Street to Parel Road.) 

" Khara " means saltish or brackish : the water of this tank, 
which has been filled up, was not fit for drinking. 

Khatau Road. (From Wodehouse Road to Cuffe Parade.) 

Named after Mr. Goverdhandas Khatau, an owner of house 
property in this road. 

Khatteralli Lane. (From Thakurdwar Road to Kandewadi 
Lane.) 

Named so because Khatris, a sect of Hindus, live here. These 
Khatris claim to be Maratha Kshatriyas (Khatri is a Hindi 
abbreviation of Kshatriya) : they resemble in dress and 
appearance the Somavanshi Kshatriyas. 

Khetwadi Main Road. (Cowasji Patel Road to Lamington 
Road). 

Khetwadi Back Road. (From Falkland Road to Charni Road,) 

Khet, field. The district was not built over until 1838 when it 
began to attract residents and it rapidly developed after the 
construction of Falkland and Charni Roads. 



Khoja Street. (From Erskine Road to Grant Road.) 

KJioja Mahomedans (vide Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. IX, pt. 2, 
pp. 36-50) chiefly inhabit it and they have their Jamatkhana, 
or communal assembly house, in the locality. 

Khoja, or khwajah, is a Persian word. " The title is one 



88 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ( 

^ of respect applied to various classes : as in India especially to 
eunuchs : in Persia to wealthy merchants : in 'r urkistan to per- 
sons of sacred families." (Hobson-Jobson). But the word has 
now a different and far more precise connotation. " The Khojas 
are descended from Hiudu converts of Cutch, Gujarat, anil 
Kathiawar, and profess the Shia Muhammadan creed. They* 
form one of the most important and interesting sections of the 
various races that are permanently located in this city and pay 
tribute in various forms to the Aga Khan as their spiritual or 
religious head." (Bombay City Gazetteer. I., 181.) 

E^OTACHiWADi. (From Girgaum Road to Girgaum Back Road, 

The Wadi, or oart, belonging to the hhot, i.e., lessee of land, 
'* a revenue contractor or farmer. In the Konkan are many 
hereditary khots who have by degrees assumed many of the 
rights of proprietors of the land." (Whitworth's Anglo-Indian 
Dictionary.) The khot pays the land tax to Government and 
then he has the power to sublet the land to others on short or 
long leases : in most cases the leases were perpetual leases with 
conditions that they should last till the chandra surya, i.e., so 
long as the existence of the Sun and the Moon. 

KiKA Street. (Fr(mh Kalbadevi Road to C. P. Tank Road.) 

Named after a Hindu citizen the late Jagjivan Kika. This 
street is also vulgarly known as Gulalwadi, the place where a 
peculiar red powder named gulal, used especially at the Holi 
festival for sprinkling on people, is sold. 

King Lane. (From Bazaar Gate Street to Gola Lane.) 

\ 
KiNGSWAY. (From the old tramway terminus, ElpMnstone Road, 
to the railway bridge, Sion station.) 

At a meeting of the Bombay Improvement Trust held on 
20th April, 1911, the Chairman explained the proposed deve- 
lopment of the Dadar-Matunga scheme and the gardens pro- 
posed to be laid out at the highest point of Vincent Road due 
east of Matunga station. It was then proposed to ask the 
King Emperor to permit this circular garden to be known as 
" King's Circle " and the avenue from Crawford Market to 
Sion Causeway as " King's Way." The names have gradually 



^ BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 89 

come into use without any explicit authority. The Circle 
was given its present form in 1916, and Kingsway (now generally 
written as one word only) has been constructed to its full width 
of 150 feet for a short length only at its south end, which is 
nbt yet Crawford Market but the old tram terminus in 
JElphinstone Road. 

Kitchen Garden Lane. {From Sheikh Memon Street to 
Princess Street). 

Named after a vegetable garden that existed here belong- 
ing to the East India Company. 

KiTTREDGE RoAD. (From Colaba Road to Cuffe Parade.) 

Named after Mr. Gr. A. Kittredge the first promoter and 
Managing Director of the old Bombay Tramway Company, 
in consideration of his excellent services to the City. (For 
the early history of the Company and for details of the contract 
with Messrs. Steams and Kittredge,* see Gazetteer, I., 359.) 
He was an American citizen, and for many years a prominent, 
philanthropic citizen of Bombay. He with the well-known 
Sorabji Bengali (1831-1893) took a lead in the movement for 
bringing out lady doctors for Indian women. 

KocHiN Street. (From Frere Road eastwards to a new road 
ahtig the seashore.) 

Named after the state of Cochin in Southern India. 

KOLBHATWADI. 

/Kol Koli (one of the most ancient communities in Bombay) 
and Bhat, landed estate. 

'' Some derive it (Koli) from the Sanskrit kola, ' a hog,' a 
term of contempt, applied by the Aryans to the aborigines. 
Others say that it means ' pig-killer.' Some derive it from the 
Mundar Horo or koro, which simply means ' man,' while others 
connect it with kol 'a boat,' seafaring being their principal 
occupation. Again, it is said that koli means ' clansman ' as 
he derives his name from kul, ' a clan,' just as Kunbi derives 
his from kutumh, ' a family ' and hence is the ' family man' ". 
(da Cunha, p. 40). 



90 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ( 

^ KoLSA Street. {From Nakhoda Street to Parel Road, Bhendi 
Bazaar.) 

So called because Kolsa, coal, is sold there. There arr still 
coal shops in the street, also the houses of coal merchants. ,, 

KoMPTA Street. (From Mint Road to a new road along the 
seashore.) 

Named after a town of that name in the Kanara district. 

KuMBHARTOOKDi Lane. (A blind lane from Bhuleshwar Road.) 

Kumbhar means a potter and tukda or tukdi means a piece or 
plot : a plot reserved for potters. In Bombay tukdi, or tukda 
means a policeman's beat. 

Laburnum Road. {Improvement Trust Scheme IV, Road 5.) 

Because of the description of the trees planted by the Improve- 
ment Trust along this Road in 1911. 

Ladiwady. {A blind lane south of Old Hanuman Lane.) 

Named so from a sect of Hindu Banias called Lad who reside 
here. ' Lads take their name from Lat-desh, the old name for 
Gujarat.' (Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. IX, part I, p. 72.) 

Lady Hardinge Road. 

On September 23, 1914, the Municipal Commissioner (Mr. P. 
R. Cadell, I.C.S.) reported to the Corporation that the new 60 
feet road, constructed from the B. B. & C. I. Railway Matunga 
Level crossing past Lady Jamsetji Road to Mahim Bazaar Roa^ 
" has been completed and will be open to traffic as soon as lamps 
have been erected. The road is already 3,100 feet long and will 
ultimately be extended across the two railways and joined 
to the Improvement Trust Road on the east of the Ma- 
tunga Station. On the west side it may ultimately be possible 
to continue it to the sea. It is thus an already impor- 
tant road and in its present condition is one of the prettiest in 
Bombay." He thought it would be a suitable perpetuation of the 
memory of Lady Hardinge's visit to Bombay so shortly before 
her lamented death if the road were to be named after her and 



> BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 91 

he proposed therefore, with the sanction of the Corporation, to 
call the road the ^' Lady Hardinge Road.'' 

Infvmoving that the road be named Lady Hardinge Road, Sir 
I\halchandra Krishna said that it would be a fitting thing to do 
so, as Lady Hardinge's memory was held so dear in the city. 

Lady Hardinge, a daughter of Lord Alington, was born in 
1868 and died July 1914 : she married Lord Hardinge of 
Penshurs1>— Viceroy of India 1911-16— in 1890. 

Lady Jamsetji Road. (From Junction of Dadar Road and 
Portuguese Church Street to Mahim Causeway.) 

Named after the wife of the first Sir Jamsetji Jijibhai (1783 
1859). She built the causeway, called after her " Lady Jamsetji 
Causeway," to which this road leads. The causeway, now 
generally known as Mahim causeway, was opened in 1845 
and was described as "a stupendous mound which cuts off 
an arm of the sea and promises to give to the husbandman 
what has hitherto been an unproductive estuary, a bridge 
which enables the travellers to pass a dangerous ferry in safety." 
(Gazetteer, II. 155.) 

There is a legend, lately brought to light again in The Bombay 
East Indian, that the causeway was built by Lady Jamsetji in 
fulfilment of a vow made to our Lady of the Mount, Bandra. 
That there is no foundation for this was shown by Mr. Karkaria 
in a letter published in The Advocate of India, September 22, 1910. 
He says the idea of building the causeway ''had long floated be- 
fore the mind of several leading citizens of Bombay and a mem- 
ber of the Wadia family had actually offered to Government a 
sum of money which was, however, found inadequate for the 
r^xpenses which the causeway would entail. Another Parsi, a 
member of the Banaji family, had in 1837 undertaken to raise a 
fund among wealthy natives for the purpose, but he did not 
succeed. The immediate cause which led Sir Jamsetji and his 
lady to undertake this very useful work on their own account was 
a terrible catastrophe in the Bandra creek when 20 ferry boats 
capsized and all the passengers and animals on board were 
drowned. This sad intelligence determined him to bear all the 
cost of the causeway himself and to build a road which should in 
future obviate the necessity for passengers between Bandra and 
Bombay of crossing the creek in boats. Government also helped 



92 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ( 

to the extent of a quarter of the whole cost which amounted to 
over two lakhs of rupees. The road leading ''from the Bandra 
end of the causeway to Mount Mary where the Chapel is situated 
was completed in 1854 at the joint expense of the Government 
and Sir Jamsetji, the latter contributing six thousand rupees?' 

Lamington Road. (From Queen's Road to Arthur Road,) 

On May 1, 1913, the Municipal Commissioner (Mr. P. R. Cadell, 
I.C.S.) informed the Municipal Corporation that the Improve- 
ment Trust had constructed a broad road from the end of 
Queen's Road to Gilder Street. " This runs," he said, '' chiefly 
along the line of the old Depot Lane and Chunam Kiln Street, 
but a new name is required to cover the whole length of the 
street which constitutes a most important thoroughfare. I 
would suggest for the approval of the Corporation that the street 
should be called ' Lamington Road.' Lord Lamington, as 
Governor of Bombay, took a warm interest in the affairs of the 
city and visited its streets very frequently, and I think it would 
be a graceful act on the part of the Corporation to associate 
permanently his name with one of its thoroughfares. I should 
in fact suggest that the name of Lamington Road should also be 
given to the whole of Gilder Street up to Arthur Road. Gilder 
Street forms practically one continuous street with the new 
road and its present name has not any historical and other asso- 
ciations that are worth preserving." On the motion of Sir 
Pherozeshah Mehta, it was resolved to name it " Lamington 
Road." The 2nd Baron Lamington, b. 1860, was Governor of 
Bombay, 1903-7. 

Land's End Road. (From Nepean Sea Road to Land's End.)^ 
(>SeeNARAYEN Dabulkar Road.) 

Lansdowne Road. (From Colaba Causeway to Adam Street.) 

Named after the fifth Marquis of Lansdowne (born 1845) who 
was the Governor-General of India from 1888-1894. 

LoHAR Street. (From Sheikh Memon Street to Princess Road 
and from Girgaum Road to Queen's Road.) 

Named after the shops of ironmongers (lobars) along this 
street. 



> BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 93 

Love Grove. (North of Hornbtf Vellard and at the South end 
of Worli Hilfs.) 

" Tiiere is another very pleasant drive across the Vellard 
(c\r causeway) to a pretty little promontory bearing the romantic 
appellation of Love Grove, which is said to have originated in 
ihe cu*cumstance of this spot having formerly been selected as 
the grand resort of newly married couples during the honey- 
moon. Nor was it inappropriately chosen : for before the cons- 
truction of the Vellard rendered it so easy of access to all the 
world, the seclusion was as complete as even the Arabian desert 
could offer." (Life in Bombay and the Neighbouring Out- 
stations, 185L) 

In a chapter entitled '*. Bombay — circa 1839 " (Bombay and 
Western India, I. 189) Douglas writes : — " Most of the English 
merchants of this period lived at Mazagon. One now or shortly 
after had an elegant residence at Love Grove, Worli, with a big 
banian-tree in the garden, on which he had inscribed Milton's 
famous lines, in which he describes this trophy of Dekhan vege- 
tation." 

Love Grove has been deprived of its romantic associations by 
sewers, drains, pumping stations and other accessories of the 
worst smell in Bombay. 

" When the Government of Bombay are again searching for 
someone whom the King may delight to honour, we hope they 
will single out the individual in the service of the Bombay Cor- 
poration who is responsible for our street nomenclature. Appa- 
rently he prefers to blush unseen, for no one knows who he is, 
but he is a genius of the highest order. One of his gems is the 
delectable title of a small lane near Girgaum, which used to re- 
joice in the distinct appellation of " Night Soil Depot Lane." 

T^at is a nice savoury and suggestive address heading 

But more recently this gentleman has gone a step farther. Rea- 
lising that the bumpy lane past the Pumping Station, which is 
the despair of motorists and an olfactory outrage on every 
passer-by, should not remain undistinguished, he has christened 

it " Worli Love Grove Pumping Station Road It is a 

pity that so much bright ingenuity should stop short here, and as 
the descriptive art is to be cultivated in our street nomenclature, 
we suggest a few alternative titles to the Commissioner. What 
could be more appropriate than '' Road to the Ten Thousand 
Unnecessary Stinks," for any new thoroughfare in the neigh- 



94 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ^ 

bourhood of Love Grove ? Or " Road Guaranteed to Cure the 
Most Sluggish Liver, " which would aptly 'describe the last 
section of Lady Jamsetji Road, before it joins Bandora Cause- 
way ? Or " Road which Ought to have Been Widened 'Fifty 
Years Ago " for Old Purbhadevi Road ? " {The Times oj Lidib, 
February, 1911). 

Love Lane. [From Mount Rdad to Parel Road.) 

Low Level Road North of Falkland Road Overbridge. 

Since this little book was begun the above mouthful has been 
condensed to Falkland Bridge North, and similar changes 
have been made in the names of various other low-level roads. 
But the lengthy form of nomenclature, or rather of topographical 
definition is still common in Bombay (see above under Love 
Grove) and appears to be spreading to the districts. At Thana, 
for instance, maybe noted " Koliwada on the other side of the 
Railway." 

LuKHMiDAS Market. 

Named after Lakhmidas Khimji (1830-1901), a prominent 
Bhatia merchant and reformer. This market was recently 
partially burnt down. 

Madanpura. (The distrtict through which Ripon Road 
passes.) 

It is named after Madan, or Madoo, a well known Mahomedan 
from Allahabad who settled here two generations ago and omaed 
land much of which came after him into the hands of Ghellabhai 
(q, v.). Madan was of the Julhai or weaver caste and was v^. 
weaver by profession. " The Musalman hand-weavers known 
as Julhais or Jolahas congregate in Madanpura between the 
Ripon and Morland Roads." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I, 200). 

Magdala Road. (From Colaba Road to Beach Road,) 

Obviously called after Magdala, the Capital of Abyssinia, 
which was stormed in 1868. But why ? (1) Perhaps to com- 
memorate the main achievement of an expedition that had been 
fitted out in Bombay. (2) Li compliment to Lord Napier of 
Magdala who had been Commander-in-Chief, Bombay (1865-69), 



^ BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 95 

before becoming C. in C. Or (3) After one of the two turret ships 
(the " Magdala "^and the " Abyssinia ") bought in 1871 for the 
new Naval Defence Squadron. These ships were stationed in 
Bomtlay harbour. 

JVIahadeo Shankar Sett Lane. (A blind lane from Sonapur 
Street.) 

Mahaluxmi Street. {From north side of Argyle Road to south 
side of Argyle Road.) 

Named after a cotton mill of this name in the street. 

Mahaluxmi Temple Lane. (From Warden Road to Mahaluxmi 
Temple Compound.) 

Named after the famous temple of the goddess Mahaluxmi. 
(For the curious legend of this particular Mahaluxmi^ see K. 
Raghunathji's Hindu Temples, No. 64, pp. 17-24, and 
Gazetteer, III, 356.) 

Mahim. 

" Mahim is undoubtedly the Portuguese equivalent of Mahi- 
kavati, the pompous Sanskritised form of Mahi meaning either 
the earth or the Great (Goddess) which was the name given 
to the island by Bhimdeo's colonists. Fryer mentions it in 
1698 under the name of Maijm. Downing calls it Mayam in 
1737 ; while Murphy states that in ancient Marathi histories 
of Bombay Mahim is referred to as Bimbasthan, Prabhawati 
and Mahikavati." (Bombay City Gazetteer, p. 29.) 

Mahim Bazaar Road. (Frmn Old Piirbhadevi Road to Lady 
* Jamsetji Road.) 

The Corporation was asked in 1916 to change the name to 
Cadell Road, " in view of the many activities of Mr. P. R. Cade 11, 
CLE., I.C.S. (Municipal Commissioner, 1910-1916) and because 
the old name has become meaningless as the Bazaar is now 
of no consequence." It is not quite the case that the name 
had become meaningless for the Bazaar is still important. But 
the Corporation in deciding on the change included in the 
proposed Cadell Road not only Mahim Bazaar Road but also 
Bhandarwada Road and Jambli Tank Road. 



96 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ( 

Mahomedan Street. (From Ripon Road Westward.) 

This street is on land formerly owned by Ghellabliai (q.v.) 
who settled here, with many Mahomedans from the l^prth- 
West (now the U. P.). Hence its name. 

Malabar Hill. 

" But why Malabar ? The coast of Malabar does not begin 
until you proceed as far south as Coorg. We suspect that Fryer 
himself gives us its derivation in describing the tank at the end 
of it, when he says that it was to bathe in it 'the Malabars 
visit it most for,' a place of pilgrimage in fact, to which came 
people of the coasts south of Bombay, who were all then lumped 
together under the generic name of Malabars. Hence Malabar 
Hill. Not quite satisfactory, you say ? Of all thiags the most 
perplexing is the origin of names. The old lady in our Cathedral 
had no such perplexity. On seeing the tomb of General Carnac, 
Olive's second in command, at the battle of Plassey, and knowing 
well what a power the name of Carnac had been in Western 
India for the last hundred years — "Dear me," she exclaimed, 
" then that's the origin of the word Carnatic ? " (Douglas, 
' Kound About Bombay,' p. 66). 

The Hill — the native name of which is Sri Gundi, which 
seems to mean " Lucky Stone " — is also said to derive its name 
from the fact that the neighbourhood of the Walkeshwar temple 
on it was a favourite haunt of the Malabar pirates. 

" Shri- Gundi is called Malabar Point after the pirates of 
Dharmapatan, Kotta, and Porka on the Malabar Coast, who, 
at the beginning of British rule in Bombay, used to lie in wait 
for the northern fleet in the still water in the sea of the north 
end of Back Bay. In 1668 so exposed was the trade of Bombay 
to Malabar pirates and to Shiva ji that three small armed ships^ 
had to be built as convovs." (Bombay Gazetteer. Materials, 
Part III, p. 667.) 

Malet Bunder. 

So named after Arthur Malet (1806-1888), the brother of 
Hugh Pointz Malet (1808-1906), the discoverer of Matheran. 
He was in the Bombay Civil Service from 1826 to 1860 and 
was member of Council from 1855 to 1860. Arthur's Seat, 
Mahableshwar, is also named after him. He took a great 
interest in the project for wet and dry docks in Bombay. 



> BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 97 

Malharrao Wadi. ( A blind Lane from Body Shet Agiary 
Street) 

Mandjik Road. (From Colaba Cameway to Merewether Road.) 

After the late Rao Sahib Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik 
(^ 833-89)., a distinguished Konkanasth Brahman from Ratnagiri, 
who became Government Pleader in Bombay, 1884. He was 
for many years member of the local as well as the supreme 
Legislative Councils. He published a large work on Hindu 
law, and r)wned a paper ' Native Opinion ' 

Mandvj. 

Mandvi, which is written Mandovim in Portuguese docu- 
ments and Mandavie in early English records, is the ordinary 
Marathi word for a Customs -House. (Bombay City Gazetteer, 
I, 26.) • 

Manekji Street. (From Bora Cross Lane to Nowroji- Road.) 

Called after the late Manekji Mistri. " He had a house 
there which, though it has changed hands, is still known as 
Manekji Mistri's house. I remember having seen the old 
proprietor." (Communicated by Shams-ul-Ulma Jivanji 
Jamshedji Modi.) 

Mangaldas Road. (Improvement Trust Scheme II, Road 7, 
1911.) 

On the east of this road is the Mangaldas Cloth Market which 
was the property of Sir Mangaldas Nathubhai, Kt., (1832-90), 
a wealthy Kapole Bania citizen, who was a large benefactor 
to the University and helped several charitable institutions. 
Also a member of the Legislative Council, Bombay. He was 
the great grandson of Manordas Rupji Dhanji (1727-92). (See 
also Manordas Street.) 

Mangalore Street. (From Frere Road to a new Road along the 
seashore.) 

Named after the town of Mangalore in Southern India. 

Mangelwadi. (A blind Lane from Girgaum Road.) 

Named after a fisherman caste of Hindus called Mangelas 
who used to live there. 

■7 



yo BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ^ 

^ Mangesh Senoy Steeet. {From Fort Street to Bma Bazaar 
Street.) « 

Manordas Street. {From Bma Bazaar to Mint Road.)^ 

Named after Manordas Rupji Dhanji (1727-92), a wealthy 
Bania Hindu banker and merchant. His father Rupji Dhunji 
was a native of Gogha near Diu in Kathiawar and he was one 
of the earliest of his caste of traders to settle in Bombay where 
he supplied goods to the Company's Government. Manordas 
was highly respected by his people and became 'Nagarseth,' 
or Seth, or lord of the City, amongst them — a. sort of Lord 
Mayor in his caste, an office long continued in his family. He 
was the great grandfather of Sir Mangaldas Nathubhai, Kt., 
(1832-90), and of Verjiwandas Madhowdas, both distinguished 
Kapole Bania citizens of Bombay. The latter was the father 
of Sir Jagmohandas Verjiwandas, Kt. Rupji Dhanji — the 
ancestor of the families of Sir Mangaldas, Sir Harkeshandas 
and Sir Jagmohandas — ^was an inhabitant of Gogha, who settled 
in Bombay in 1656. 

M ANSON Road. 

Called after Mr. George Manson, who was Secretary to the 
Port Trust Board from its formation in June 1873 to March 1890. 

Marine Lines. {Facing Queen's Road. From the Junction of 
Wellington Street and 1st Marine Street to Church Gate Street.) 

Named after the barracks of the Marine Battalion situated 
here. 

Of the various lanes in the neighbourhood, Third Marine 
Lane is sometimes known as Vaniawadi, because Hindus of the 
Vania caste formerly lived there : but they have gone and it 4» 
now inhabited by Parsis. Fourth Marine Lane is known as 
Gowliwadi, after the gowlis (milkmen) who used to have stables 
there. 

Marine Street. (From Customs House Road to Apollo Street.) 

Market Road. {From Hmnhy Road to Paltan Road.) 

On account of its situation on the south of the Arthur Craw- 
ford Market. 



> BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 99 

From Bori Bunder to the Crawford Market (now part of 
Hornby Road) \V^s formerly known as Market Road. 

Mar&ti Lane (Fulgully). (A blind Lane from Bhuleshwar 
* Street.) 

. Named after the Hindu temple of the god ' Maruti.' 

" Maruta (Sanskrit) Wind, a god of the wind. The Marutas 
are vedic gods or demi-gods ; they are described as being the 
sons and brothers of Indra, also as children of the ocean, sons 
of heaven armed with lightnings and thunderbolts." (Whit- 
worth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) Mr. S. M. Edwardes writes — 
" This seems to me wrong. The god Maruti has nothing to do 
with the Vedic Ma ruts. Maruti is another name for Hanuman 
the Monkey-god, a very popular god among the lower classes." 

Matarpakhadi Road. (From Mazagaon Road to Reay Road.) 

Among the old residents of Bombay, like the Somavanshi 
Kshatriyas or Panchkalshis,Mhatre is a surname. Mhatra means 
an elder or a superior person and as the locality was occupied 
by the Mahtre families it was called the Pakhadi, or quarter, 
of the Mhatras. 

Mathew Road (From Girgaum Road to Queen's Road.) 

Named after Francis Mathew, the late Agent and Chief Engi- 
neer, B. B. & C. I. Railway. 

Matunga Road. (From the Junction of Sion and Vincent 

Roads to Leper Asylum.) 

■•" 

Named after the village of Matunga in Bombay. " Matunga, 
was perhaps Matanga Ali, or Matangasthan, which would mean 
either the place of elephants or the place of the M hangs. As 
regards the former it is the merest conjecture that Bhimdeo, 
or Bimb Raja, may have stationed his elephants in this locality 
while he was ruler of Mahim ; while the latter meaning is dis- 
countenanced by the fact that early writers never spoke of the 
low castes of Bombay by this appellation." (Bombay Citj 
Gazetteer, I., 29.) 



100 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ( 

Mayo Road. (From Esplanade Road near Qiieen's Statue to the 
junction of Esplanade Road and Wodehoide Road.] 

Named after the sixth Earl of Mayo (1822-1872), Go^^ruor 
General of India from 1869 to 1872. M. P., 1847-67 and Chief 
Secretary for Ireland in three administrations. Murdered at 
Port Blair, Andaman Islands, Feb. 2, 1872. 

Mazagaon Road. (From Jail Road east to Mount Road.) 

" Mazagaon is possibly a corruption of Machcha-grama 
(Fish-village) in allusion to the large colony of Koli fisherfolk 
who settled there in pre-historic times. The name is variously 
spelt Mazaguao by the Portuguese and Massegoung by early 
English writers, and has been defined by some to be Mahish- 
grama (the buffalo -village) and by others to mean the central 
village on the analogy of the Marathi Mazaghar (the central 
portion of a house). The last derivation is the most plausible." 
(Bombay City Gazetteer, I., p. 27.) 

Medows Street. (From Esplanade Road to Forbes Street.) 

Named after General Sir William Medows, who was Governor 
of Bombay and Comniander-in -Chief, Bombay, 1788-1790. 
He occupied the quarters assigned to the then Commanders- 
in-Chief, namely, a large. house at the corner of Medows Street. 
Few names are more commonly misspelled. It is not un- 
common to see printed stationery used by shopkeepers in the 
street on which Medows has been turned into Meadows or 
Meadow. Sixty years ago the Bombay Almanack used in- 
vaiiably to spell the name Medow, and this spelling appears 
in Mrs. Allen Harker's admirable novel " Jan and her job ^' 
published in 1917. 

Memonwada Road. (From Jail Road to Bhajipala Street.) 

This place is chiefly inhabited by Memons. " The Memons 
{i.e. Muamins or Believers) are converts to Islam from the 
Lohana and Cutch Bania castes .... when they first commenced 
to do business in Bombay at the opening of the nineteenth 
century they appear to have opened tailoring establishments 
in Lohar Chawl, which was then known to the police as the 
thieves' bazaar." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I., 178.) 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 101 

Merewether Road. (From Yacht Club Chambers to Arthur 
Basin.) 

a Named after a former Chairman of the Bombay Port Trust 
(Ocb. 1880— May 1892) Colonel G. L. C. Merewether, R.E. 

Messent Road. 

In a letter to the Corporation presented in July, 1917, the 
Municipal Commissioner recommended the naming of the road 
constructed by the Port Trust on the Mazagaon-Sewri Reclama- 
tion after their Chief Engineer Mr. P. G. Messent, CLE. The 
Corporation adopted the recommendation that the road be 
named ''Messent Road." Mr. P. G. Messent, b. 1862, has 
been Chief Engineer to the Port Trust since 1899, having been 
Assistant Engineer 1884-1899. He carried out the Alexandra 
Dock and the Hughes Dry Dock. He received the CLE. in 
1914. 

Mewawala Lane. {From 1st Cooper Street to Parel Road.) 

" In Bhendi Bazaar there is an Agiari opposite the stables, 
the scene of the Mahomedan riots in February 1874. It was 
built by Bomanji M. Mewawala, or fruitman, in 1851." (da 
Cmha, p. 298.) 

Military Square Lane. (From Medows Street to Esplanade 
Road.) 

Named so because in this lane were situated the offices of the 
Military Department and Harbour Defences. 

MfLK Street. (Between Byculla Station Road and Tank 
Pakhady Street.) 

Constructed by the Improvement Trust on an estate largely 
devoted to buffalo stables. The Hon. Mr. J. P. Orr writes : — 
" In our debate about naming small streets near the buffalo 
stables in East Agripada it was thought that the names should 
indicate the uses of these large stable blocks. ' Buffalo Street ' 
was rejected as cacophonous : * Milk Stieet ' was accepted 
as harmless : and then some wa g suggested ' Water Street * 
and that was accepted as appropriately allusive to the mal- 
practices of gauUs." 



102 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Mint Road. (From Fort Street to Elphinsto^e Circle.) 

Named after the Bombay Mint premises situated on this road. 
" The erection of the present Mint was sanctioned by the East 
India Company in 1823 ; and an inscription on the building 
shows that it was designed and constructed by Major Joh^x 
Hawkins of the Bombay Engineers, was commenced in 1821 
and completed in 1829." (Bombay City Gazetteer, III., p. 306.) 

Mirchi-Market Lane. (From Sheik Memon Street to Janjiker 
Street.) 

On account of the Mirchi (chilli) market in this lane. 

MiRZA Street. (From Abdul Rehman Street to Sheik Memon 
Street). 

MiRZA Alt Street. (North of Imamivada Road.) 

Mirza AH Mahomed Khan, a Persian, was a prominent citizen 
and a member of the old Board of Justices. He owned property 
in this locality. 

MoDY Street. (From Fart Street to' Barrack Street.) 

Named so on account of Modikhana (Commissariat Stores) 
situated at the south end of* the street. Modi (in Hindi) a grain- 
dealer and grocer ; a village shop-keeper. In Bengal the 
mahajan is chiefly the wholesale and the modi the retail dealer. 
(Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) 

MoRARJi GoKULDAS Cloth Market. (Kalhttdevi Road.) 

So named after Morarji Gokuldas (1834-1880), a wealtjiy 
Bhattia merchant and public spirited citizen, who was at the 
time of his early death in 1880 Member of the Bombay Legis- 
lative Council. This cloth market was erected about ten years 
ago by his sons and called after him. 

Mori Road. (From the B. B. & C. I. Railway Level Crossing 
near Mahim Station to Lady Jamsetji Road.) 

*' Named so because the street was flanked by houses owned 
by Moris, a class of Marathas. These Moris appear in all pro- 
bability to be the descendants of the Mauryas who ruled over 
the Konkan in early times and whose capital was the town of 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 103 



Puri, which was called the Goddess of Fortune of the Western 
Sea. The Konkan Mauryas are supposed to be a branch of the 
Maur ja dynasty of Pataliputra (Patna) which was founded by 
Oiandragupta (Sandracotas of Alexander) in the fourth century 
B.C. The existence of the Mori locality in Bombay Island and 
of the Mori Bandar close to the Bombay Harbour goes to 
strengthen the belief that the Puri of the Mauryas and of the 
Silaharas of the Konkan was the Island of Ghara-Puri or Ele- 
phanta. The Mauryas were followers of Buddhism and many 
Buddhistic rehcs have been discovered at Elephanta." (Com- 
municated by a correspondent). 

Commenting; on the above Mr. S. M. Edwardes writes : — 
" I think it would be more correct to say that More or Mori 
is a surname common among certain of the lower classes in 
Bombay, e.g. the Kolis, and is evidently a corruption of Maurya, 
just as Cholke, another surname, is a corruption of Chalukya, 
and in evidence of the power which the Maurya dynasty once 
exercised over Bombay. I think it more likely that the Mauryan 
Puri was not Elephanta, but Thana. I never heard of Bud- 
dhistic relics at Elephanta. On the other hand obvious relics 
of Hinduism have been found there. It is not certain that 
the Konkan Mauryas were followers of Buddhism like 
Asoka." 

MoRLAND Road. (From Bellasis Road to Ripon Road.) 

Named after the late Sir Henry Morland, Kt., bom 1837, served 
in the Indian Navy and the Indian Marine ; Port Officer, Bombay, 
Chairman of the Corporation in 1886 ; Knighted 1887 ; died 
1891. 

•MoTLiBAi Street. (From Souter Street junction to Gell Street.) 

Named after the Parsi philanthropist lady Motlibai Nowroji 
Wadia (1811-1897). She was the mother of N. N. Wadia 
(1837-1907) who founded the famous Wadia Trust Fund of a 
crore of rupees. 

Mount Pakhadi Lane. (From Mount Road to Tank Bunder 
Road.) 

Mount Pakhadi is one of those curious compounds from two 
languages that are common in place-names all over India. 
Pakhadi means a district or quarter. 



104 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

. ^ Mount Pleasant Road. (From Ridge Roa^ to Nepean Sea 
Road.) 

Mount Road. (From Mazagon Road to the Junction of Tank 
Bunder and Ghorupdeo Roads.) 

Mugbhat Street. (From Girgaum Road to Khandewadi Lane.) 

Named after the little shrine of Mugbhat, said to be derived 
from the name of a Koli named Munga, and bhat, which means 
a landed estate in the dialect of the Kolis, just as Kolabhat, or 
Colaba, means the land of the Kolis. (da Cunha, p. 64.) 

Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi suggests that this locality was called 
Mugbhat on account of its being used for the cultivation of the 
grain called muga, or Phaseolus mungo. All the neighbouring 
streets or localities are named after the trees, fruits, or planta- 
tions, that were produced or existed there, e.g., Phanaswadi 
from the garden of jack trees, Kelewadi from the plantain 
garden, and Pimpalwadi from the pipal trees which still abound 
in that street and so forth. The suggestion immediately lands 
the inquirer in a botanical puzzle. Phaseolus mungo is a kind 
of pulse known in the vernacular as udid or urd ; another varie- 
ty Phaseolus radiatus is the plant known in the vernacular as 
mung. (Watts "Commercial Products of India," p. 881.) 
How does muga or mugh come into use ? 

Mujavar Pakhadi Road. (Mazagon.) 

So named from Mujavar meaning in Arabic a keeper or guar- 
dian of a Mahomedan mosque or a saint's tomb. Pakhadi 
means a locality. There were formerly some Mahomedan tombs 
in the locality, which was thus called after their Mujavar. 

MuLJi Jetha Market. 

Mulji Jetha was a Hindu merchant who built this market for 
wholesale cloth business, as well as, in 1875, the Lakshmi Narayen 
temple in Kalbadevi Road for the use of Hindus from Gujarat. 

MuMBADEVi Road. (From Sheik Memon Street to Kalbadevi 
Road.) 

There are two traditions connected with the foundation of 
the Muinbadevi temple. The first tells us that more than 



\ 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 105 

five hundred years ago a Koli fisherman by nanae Munga erected 
a temple on the Esplanade and called it Mmxgachi Amba, 
whiclj was contracted into Devi Mumbai or Mumbai. This 
tjipmple was removed to near Pydhoni, in about 1737, as the 
place on the Esplanade was required by Government. There 
«s also another tradition which is connected with the mythical 
giant Mumbaraka who harassed the worshippers of the temple, 
and is supposed to be the Pa than King of Delhi Mubaraka. 
(da Cunha, p. 45.) The above account does not appear to be 
correct for we find the name Mambai in records prior to the 
invasion of Mubarak. The Goddess Mumba or Mah-Amba and 
her temple existed long before Mubarak, and she is believed by 
local Hindus to be same as Mah-Amba, or Durga, and her puja 
is performed the same day as that of Durga. (Vide App. to Early 
History of Bombay, by P. B. Joshi.) 

After commenting upon the connection between the King 
Mombaros, mentioned by the author of the Periplus of the Ery- 
threan Sea (A.D. 247; MoCrindle, 113), and Bombay, Sir 
James Campbell gives his final decision that Mumba is a special 
form of Maha Amma, the Great Mother, designed to glorify 

• the local guardian by embedding in her name a trace of the 
defeated Mubarak Shah. It is however possible that the name 
is a corruption of Maha-Amba-ai (the Great Mother Amba), 
Amba being a synonym of Parvati, wife of Siva, and the suffix 
' Ai,' meaning ' mother,' being a term of respect often applied 
by Marathi-speaking Hindus to their goddesses. This view 
is corroborated by the fact that the Hindus, even of to-day, 
speak of the city as " Mambai " or '' Mumbai." Other autho- 
rities however consider that this derivation is not phonetically 
possible and trace the origin of the name to Mommai, the title 

.of a village-goddess in Kathiawar." (Bombay City Gazetteer, 
I. 24.) 

MuRZBAN Road. (From Cannon Road to Ravelin Street.) 

Named after Khan Bahadur Muncherji C. Murzban, CLE. 
(born 1838) who has a house in the vicinity. He was in the P. W. 
D. from 1857 to 1893 when he became Executive Engineer to the 
Municipality. In 1890-91 he was President of the Corporation 
and in 1906 was Sheriff of Bombay. Murzban is a Persian 
word and originally meant a guardian of the frontiers, a name 
given to the " lords of the marches " under -the Sassanian 



106 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

. ^ Empire. Mr. Murzban derives liis family naijrie from his great 
grandfather Murzban Kaoos Munjam (1763-1822) the founder 
of the family. i 



*MusjiD Bridge. {From Dongri Street to Argyle Road.) 

MusJiD Bunder Road (Mandvi). (From Mumbadevi Road to 
Dongri Street.) 

MusjiD Station Road. (From Argyle Road to Clive 1st Cross 
Road.) 

Named after the Musjid Station of the G.LP. Railway to which 
it leads. 

MusjiD Street. (From Bapoo Khote Street to Parel Road.) 

So named from the mosque called Nawab's Musjid, situated 
at the East end of the street, which was built by Nawab Aiyaz 
of the Mysore family of Tipu Sultan who was brought to Bombay 
in the last century. He live:! at Mazagon where he built a 
tank, called after him Nawab Tank. Near this tank is a bridge 
on the new Harbour Railway called Nawab Tank Bridge. 

MusTAN Tank Road. (From Huzria Street to Tank Street.) 

Named after the tank of the same name recently filled in. 
The tank derives its name from a Mahomedan saint, Syed 
Mustan Shah Kadri, who came to Bombay about a century ago, 
from Hama near Baghdad and from Pishin near Kandahar and 
whose tomb is near the Tank. Mr. Karkaria learned in the 
neighbourhood that the saint was here in the time of Baji Rao^ 
II., the last Peishwa. 

Mutton Street. (From 1st Duncan Road Cross Lane to Grant 
Road.) 

Named after the old Mutton and Fish Market, part of the 
Null Bazaar near Erskine and Duncan roads. This and the 
neighbouring vegetable Market "were unpaved and , consisted 
merely of a few ranges of low narrow sheds surrounded by a 
rough wooden palisade." (Michael. History of the Municipal 
Corporation, p. 479.) This street is generally known as Chor 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 107 

Bazaar Street from Chor meaning Hhief,' as stolen goods are 
supposed to be brought there for sale. 

NxAGDEvi Street. (From Carnac Road to Chunam Kiln Street.) 

" Owes its name to an old shrine of the serpent." (Bombay 
City Gazetteer, I, 35.) 

Nag, or Naga (Sanskrit) — ^a snake, particularly the tiaia tripyd- 
iens or cobra di capello . . . . Also the name of fabulous 
serpent demons with human faces, supposed to reside in patal . 
(Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) It is a common belief 
that the nether regions are inhabited by a species of semi- 
divine beings, half -men half serpents, called Nags. In the Pura- 
nas are a number of mythological traditions concerning 
them. 

Naigaum Road. (From Wadala Road to Bhoiwada Night Soil 
Depot.) 

Nayagaum is a corruption of the name Nyaya gram, or nyaya 
gaun. According to tradition Bhima Raja's palace and court 
of justice were situated in this locality. Fortunately there are 
here still a few faint traces and relics of Bhima Raja's period 
or remembrance. The site of his palace is still pointed out in 
the oart called the Chimanlal Maharaja's Wadi. Broken relics 
of ancient times, such as the image of Shiwa, Ganpati, and other 
articles found by Deoji Patil of Bhoiwadi, who was employed 
to supervise the excavation work for the foundation of the 
Maharaja's Bungalow, built there some thirty or forty years, 
ago, are still lying in the Maharaja's Oart and Bungalow. This 
is a place worth visiting with some knowledgable person such 
as the hereditary priest of the place, or some old inhabitant. 
Deoji Patil was an intelligent Bhoi-Agri and possessed a good 
deal of information about the locality and about the followers of 
Bhima Raja. (Communicated by Rao Bahadur P. B. Joshi.) 

Nakhoda Street. (Fro^n Nagdevi Street to Abdul Rehman 
Street.) 

Nakhoda (Persian nakhuda) means a skipper, the master of 
a native vessel. Perhaps the original sense is rather the owner 
of the ship, going with it as his own supercargo. (Hobson 
Jobson.) In this case nakhoda is said to be derived from the 



/ 



108 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

well-known family of Nakhoda Mahonaed Ali Roghay (1848- 
1910), the first Mahomedan member of the Legislative Council 
nominated by Government and one of the first members of 
the Bombay Presidency Association. His father repaired 
and enlarged the Jama Mosque in 1837. The family still has 
a house in the street but the old family house is now the Markel/ 
Post Office. 



Nall Bazaar Market. 

" Opened in 1867 and so called from the fact that the main 
drain of the city flowed past this point in earlier times on its 
way to the sluices at Varli." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I, 41.) 



Nullah, a corruption of the Hindi nala, a ravine, a gutter, 
or a drain. 



Nanabhoy Byramji Oart. (From Queen's Road to Wellington 
Street.) 

Named after Nanabhoy Byramji Jeejeebhoy (born Nov. 1841, 
died Feb. 1914), son of Byramji Jeejeebhoy, C.S.I. He joined 
first the firm of Messrs. George S. King and Co. in 1865, and 
when this firm ceased to exist in 1873, Mr. Nanabhoy still re- 
tained the Agency of Messrs. James Burton and Sons, of 
Manchester, which business he carried on till 1883. He was 
made a Justice of the Peace in the year 1869, and a fellow of the 
University of Bombay in 1872. He was elected by GoverDment 
a Director of the Government Savings Bank and he served as 
a member of the Board of Accounts of the University for several 
years. Government also appointed him a member of the Factory 
Commission which sat in Bombay in 1884 under the presidency 
of Mr. W. B. Mullock, C.S. He served on the local committees 
of several exhibitions. Mr. Nanabhoy was a member of the Cor- 
poration from the time of its formation. Bombay owes him 
a debt of gratitude for breaking down, with the late Mr. Forbes, 
the ice monopoly held by Tudor & Co., and for organising fetes 
in honour of Indian troops returned from the Afghan War and 
the Egyptian campaign of 1882. (The Times of India y February 
9, 1914.) 



\ 



) BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 109 

Nanabhoy Lane. (From Catvasji Patel Street to Hornby Road 
and Churchga-je Street.) 

ThM lane was formerly called Nanablioy Framji Lane after 
N^nabhoy Framji Banaji or Davur (1798-1837), a prominent 
Parsi merchant whose family owned property there and whose 
ancestral Agiary or fire -temple founded in 1709 and called 
Banaji 's Agiary is still situated in it. In 1887 a kinsman of 
Nanabhoy Framji Banaji and a trustee of Banaji's Agiary 
Nanabhai Dhanjibhai Banaji (1842-1900) greatly improved 
this lane by widening it and in several other ways and the 
Municipality re-named it after him, but the name was shortened 
to Nanabhoy Lane. Another lane in the Fort, a little to the 
north of it, has a similar name, Nanabhoy Bomanji Lane 
(q. V.) from which it is to be distinguished. 

Nanabhoy Bomanji Lane. {North of Gunhow Street.) 

Named after Nanabhoy Bomanji Sethna, a large Parsi landed 
proprietor of the latter half of the eighteenth century. He was 
the brother of Muncherji Bomanji Sethna (1712-1799) after 
whom an Agiary or fire -temple near Khara Talao, Shaikh 
Memon Street, is named. (Vide Agiary Lane from Shaikh 
Memon Street to Dhanji Street.) 

Naoroji Fardoonji Eoad. (Frmn Colaba Causeway to Adam 
Street Seashore.) 

Named, by the Municipality, in 1897, after Naoroji Far- 
doonji (1817-1885), a well-known Parsi citizen who was called 
" The Tribune of the people" on account of his long and anxious 
watch over their interests in the Municipality and Legislative 
Qouncil. In early life he accompanied Sir Alex Burnes to Kabul 
as Native Secretary and Translator, but returned to Bombay 
before the Afghan War broke out in 1838. From 1845 to 1864 
he was employed in the Supreme Court as Interpreter. He 
went thrice to England on political missions, the last time as a 
w'^ness before the Fawcett Committee on Indian Expenditure 
in 1873. He was also a zealous Parsi reformer and took a 
prominent part in several movements for social and religious 
reform. He was also Secretary of the Parsi Law Association 
and laboured hard to obtain separate legislation for his commu- 
nity. CLE. 1884. (Buckland Ind. Biog. Dictionary, pp. 157-8.) 



/ 

i * 
110 bombay place-names. { 

Naokoji Hill. 

" This hill, of. which the Sett family are profprietors and which 
contains their ancestral mansion at its highest point, is the 
original Dongri Hill, upon which a fortress was erected 'during 
the early years of British dominion and whence the Sidi, Admiral 
of the great Mughal, on one occasion battered the English cast]e 
and fortifications." (Bombay City Gazetteer, I. ,36.) 

Naoroji Rustomji Sett (born 1662, died 1732) was the first 
Parsi who went to England in 1 724 ; he there settled a large 
money dispute which the Company's ofiicers here had decided 
against him and obtained a sum of five lakhs and a half from 
the London authorities. The hill may have been called after 
him by his son Maneckji Naoroji to whom it was alienated. 
The history of the hill, and of other parts of the old Portuguese 
Mazagon estate of the Tavora family is given by Da Cunha 
(p. 221 et, seq) though not with great clearness. In Portuguese 
days the hill was known as Vezry hill. It has now been ac- 
quired by the City Improvement Trust. 

Napier Road. (From Colaba Road to Beach Road.) 

Napier Road. (From Esplanade Road to Hornby Road.) 

From the juxtaposition of the first of these roads with Magdala 
Road (q.v.) and of the second with Outram Road (q.v.) it seems 
clear that the first is called after Lord Napier of Magdala 
(1810-1890) who was Commander-in-Chief, .Bombay, 1865-9, 
during which time he commanded the Abyssinian Expedition ; 
and that the second Napier Road is called after Sir Charles 
James Napier (1782-1853). Bombay took sides very warmly 
in the historic controversy between him and Outram about 
the necessity for the conquest of Sind and the question of 
the treatment of the Amirs. « 

Narayan Dabulkar Road. (Frmn Nepean Sea Road to Land's 
End.) 

Called after the Hon. Narayan Vasudeo, a well-known Hinc^u 
resident of Bombay and a Member of Council. His family 
originally came from Dabul, a sea -port in the Ratnagiri dis- 
trict, hence the surname Dabulkar. He was born, in 1833 
and died from fracture of the skull as the result of the 
collapse of his bungalow situated in this road in August, 1874. 



\ 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. Ill 



More often known as Land's End road on account of its position 
on the extreme nc^rth-west of the Malabar Hill promontory. 

Nara^an Dhuru Street. (From Nagdevi Cross Lane to Pai- 
> dliowni Road.) 

Named after the Dhuru family which is included among the 
old Hindu residents of Bombay. Members of this family j os- 
sess large estates in Girgaum and at Dadar, Mahim, etc. They 
are Suryavanshis, and many members of this caste work as 
gardeners and cultivators. 

Narelwadi Lane. (Mazagon.) 

The land belongs to a Parsi named Narielwala. The 
founder of the family, Naoroji Cowasji Narielwala (1757-1825), 
at first traded in coco -nuts (nariels) and later became a wealthy 
China merchant. In 1822 he* built a fire-temple at Mazagon 
(Narielwala 's Agiary) which was moved in 1901 to Dadar. 

Naska Tank Gully. (From Lady Jamsetji Road to Gopi 
Tank) 

Named after the tank of the same name. Naska in Marathi 
means spoilt ; the water of this tank was spoilt and unfit for 
human consumption. 

Navi Wadi. (Blind Lane from Dadyshett Agiary Lane.) 

Navi — new. So called by the Prabhus who migrated to the 
locality from other parts of the town. 

Nawab Tank Road. (From Be Lima Street to Matarpakhadi 
Road.) 

* Name^i after Nawab Aiyaz of the Mysore family of Tipu 
Sultan. (F^(?e MusJiD Street.) 

Nepean Road. (From Ridge Road to Nepean Sea Road.) 

, Named after Sir Evan Nepean, first Bart., (1751-1822). 
Governor of Bombay (1812-1819). He entered the Navy as 
a clerk. Secretary to Lord Shuldram, 1782, Under-Secretary 
of State, in the Shelburne Ministry ; Under Secretary for 
War, 1794; Secretary of the Admiralty, 1795-1804; Baronet, 
1802 ; Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1804. 



112 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. < 

Nesbit Koad. (From Mazagon Road to Parel Road.) 

So called from Mrs. Rose Nesbit, a Catholfc, wife of Com- 
modore Nesbit, Harbour Master of Bombay, under tj^e E. 
India Company, who had property here. On her ground sl^e 
built a private chapel in 1787, with sufficient endowment to 
support a priest, for whom a small house was added. Beforo 
her death in 1819 she gave over the chapel and property to the 
Vicar Apostolic and her remains were buried in the chapel. 
The first buildings of St. Mary's Institute were placed close by 
in 1860 or so ; and the chapel was used by the institute till 
it was replaced by the present church of St. Anne which was 
consecrated in 1881. Meantime St. Mary's Institute expanded— 
the large buildings being finished in 1867, and others added later 
up to the present dimensions. It is now called " St. Marv's 
High School." 

An old tablet in the sacristy of St. Anne's Church bears the 
following inscription : — ^Haec ecclesia edificata fuit per Rosam 
Nesbitt in honorem Sa? Annse. MDCCLXXXVII. 

New Babulnath Road. (From Chaupati to Hughes Road.) 

Named after the Hindu Temple of Babulnath. (Vide Babul- 
nath.) 

New Bengalpura Street. (From Memonwada Road to Tmidel 
Street.) 

Men from Bengal, chiefly seamen, firemen, and serangs used 
to live in this and Old Bengalpura Street, and a few are still 
to be found there. 

New Dharamsala Road. (From Sandhurst Road td Dharam- 
sala.) 

So named as a Hindu Dharamsala (rest-house) is situated 
here. Dharamsala, or Dharmsala, is Hindi from the Sanskrit 
Dharma (that which holds man in the right path, religion, law ; 
or subjectively, virtue, morality, duty) and sah, a hall. 

New Ghur Lane. (East of Parel Road.) 

New^ Hanuman Lane. (From Kalhadevi Road to Princess 
Street.) 



\ 

•* • BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 113 

) 

There are two Hanuman Lanes : (1) Old Hanuman and (2) 
New Hanuman Lane. Botli of thena are called after tlie temples 
of the god Hanuman situated therein. (Almost all the houses 
in tbj^se two lanes as well as at Kalbadevi Koad were about half 
F\. century ago owned by the Yajurvedic Brahmans and the 
Somavanshi and Suryavanshi Pathares or Prabhus. At present 
(with one or two exceptions most houses there are owned or 
occupied by Bhatias and other Gujarat people.) 

New Nagpada Road. {From Parel Road to Cursetji Manackji 
Statue.) 

Named after the temple of the serpent god close by, which 
is worshipped on Nagpanchmi day, i.e., the fifth day of the 
Hindu month Shravan. 

New Purbhadevi Road. (From DeLisle Road to Old Pur- 
bhadevi Road.) 

Named after the temple of the goddess Purbhadevi. 

"Next in importance to Mumbadevi in age and interest is the 
famous temple of Prabhadevi or Prabhavati, the family goddess 
of the Patane Prabhus, who may be likened to the Normans 
of William the Conqueror. The temple is situated at Lower 
Mahim, a couple of miles to the north-west of the Railway 
station. The original building was erected some centuries 
ago at a place called Kotwady, where the remains of an ancient 
Fort are still visible, and was destroyed by the Portuguese." 
(da Cunha, pp. 47-48.) 

New Queen's Road. (From Queen's Road to Sandhurst Road.) 

NiCKDAVARi East. (From Kandewadi Lane to Girgaum Road.) 

This lane is called after the Nirgundi or Nikdavani trees 
(Vitex negundo or Vitex trifolia) that exist there. This tree 
is used by the local Hindu residents for purposes of fumigation. 
iPregnant women and infants are required to take their bath 
in water in which the Nirgundi leaves are boiled. (Rao 
Bahadur P. B. Joshi.) 

Sir Dietrich Brandis gives, in " Indian Trees " a number of 
vernacular names for vitex negundo but not those mentioned 

8 



( 

114 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. ' ^ 

above. Sir G. Watt says tlie ash of the tree is one of the sources 
from which is obtained the potash salts empjoyed by tte people 
of India in their arts, science and medicine. 

c 

NicoL KoAD. (Off Ballard Road.) 

Messrs. Nicol and Co. were the Managers of the Elphinstojie 
Land and Press Company, originally formed in 1858 for the 
reclamation of the foreshore, the construction of godowns and 
the erection of a cotton press. (Bombay City Gazetteer, III, 
69-70.) The house was long prominent in Bombay, especially 
as it held the agency of the British India Steam Navigation Co. 
It is therefore appropriate that a street near the docks should 
be called after it. The failure of the firm in 1877 was due to 
the failure of the Glasgow Bank. 

NrsHANPADA Road. {From Jail Road south to Pydhoni Road.) 

Nishan means a flag and Pada means a village. (See Joonda 
Street.) 

Nizam Street. (From Parel Road to Kazi Street.) 

So called from a former property holder there of the name of 
Nizam, a Mussalman from the Konkan. 

NoRTHBROOK STREET. (From Falkland Road to Bapty Road.) 

Named after Lord Northbrook who was Governor-General 
of India from 1872 to 1876. 

Northbrook Gardens were opened in honour of Lord North- 
brook when he visited Bombay in November, 1872. 

NowLAND Street. (From Be Lima Street to Church Street.) < 

So named after Richard Nowland, a well-known landed 
proprietor in Mazagon in the latter half of the eighteenth 
century. He rented from the Company a part of what was 
then known as the Estate of Mazagon. In a letter to Gove];n- 
ment, dated 15th September 1779, he calls himself " leaseholder 
of Mazagon for the term of 99 years." (Forrest, State Paper, 
Home Series, Vol. II, p. 247. Cf. also Bombay Gazetteer, Hist. 
Material?, Part III, 436-446.) He is most probably the 
Richard Nowlands who is mentioned in Forrest's State Papers 



> BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 115 

(Hom^ Series, Vol. I, p. 217), as having resigned the oj6&ce 
of Alderman a^d as having been thanked by the Mayor's 
Court on 20th December 1763 for his long services in that 
capacity to fche Court. 

^^NowROJi KoAD. (From Thomas Street to Gun Carriage Street.) 

Named after Nowroji, the. father of the late Edalji Machli- 
walla, who owned property in the village of Colaba. There is 
a well in the locality inscribed : " This well was constructed 
at the cost of Edulji Nowroji Bhicajee for the use of the public 
and animals, 6th February, 1851." 

Oak Lane. {From Medows Street to Esjplanade Road.) 
{See Ash Lane. ) 

Old Bengalpura Street. {From Carnac Road to Janjikar 
Street.) 

Old Hanuman Lane. {From Kalbaderi Road to Princess 
Street.) 

Old Nagpada Road. {From Nishanpada Road to Memonwada 
Road.) 

Old Purbhadevt Road. {From Portuguese Church Street to 
Worli Sluice.) 

Old Woman's Island. 

Campbell's " Materials " etc., Ill, p. 667, has the following : — 
From very shortly after the establishment of British power 
in Bombay till the close of the eighteenth century the common 
name for Lower Colaba, that is for the part of Colaba nearest 
Bombay, was Old Woman's Island. The earliest reference that 
has been traced is Fryer's who in 1673 (New Account, 67) men- 
tions the great Malabar point abutting against Old Woman's 
* Island. A rudely carved red-smeared goddess, a venerable 
Portuguese dame, a wrinkled fate-reading fisherwoman, an 
antique mother of harlots have all been invented to explain 
the nanie Old Woman's Island. The Portuguese seem to have 
known the island by no other name than Koluan,the Koli hamlet. 
This, by the dropping of the initial K, Dr. Gerson Da Cunha 



116 BOMBAjf PLACE-NAMES. » 

thinks the Brijbish sailor twisted into Oluan or Old Woman. 
Id 1750 Grose (Voyage, I. 58) notices that the^origin of the name 
Old Woman is unknown. A report on the fisher people of Bombay 
in 1747 (Materials, II, 147) contrasts the rates paid fcy the 
Kolis of Moory (Mori) in Warli and by the Woomanys. This, 
though evidently a reference to the Kolis of Colaba, can hardly 
be a corruption of Old Woomanys. It suggests the Hindustani 
Omani, the common Persian and- Arab name (compare Brigg's 
Ferishta, I, 413) for the sea that washes Western India. It 
seems possible that as the fishers have their stakes in the open 
sea, the Colaba Kolis were known as Al Omanis the deep-sea 
fishers. It is somewhat against this explanation that no memory 
of the use of such a name remains. 

Ollivant Bridge. 

Named after Sir Edward Charles Kayll Ollivant, I.C.S., 
born 1846. Municipal Commissioner, Bombay, 1881-90. Member 
of Council, Bombay, 1897-1902. 

Ormiston Road. (Colaba Causeway near Tramway Company's 
Offices.) 

Named after the brothers Ormiston, Civil Engineers. Thomas 
Ormiston (died 1882), the elder brother, was Chief Engineer of 
the Port Trust from its formation in June 1873 to June 1882. 
He planned and constructed the Prince's Dock, Prong's Light- 
house, etc. A statue of him was erected in the University 
Gardens in 1888. George Ormiston (1844-1913) was Chief 
Engineer of the Port Trust from July 1882 to May 1892. 

OuTRAM Road. (From Waudby Road to Hornby Road.) 

Named after General Outram (1803-1863), the famous " Bay- 
ard of India." His great rival, Charles Napier, is commemor- 
ated by a road close by. Outram was in the Bombay Army. 

OvALWADi. (A blind lane from Vithalwadi.) 

Named after the Wovali or Bakul trees existing in the localityr 
Brandis (" Indian Trees " p. 425) identifies this tree as Mimu- 
sops Ehngi, known as Owli or Wovali in Marathi, and as Bakul 
in Kanarese. It is a large, evergeen tree, common in the west 
of India. The large white flowers are very fragrant and garlands 
of them are worn by Hindu women in their hair. 



Bombay place-names. 117 

Owen Dunn Ro/o. (Improvement Trust Scheme IV, Road, 
1911.) 

Because of the connection which G. Owen Dunn (Chairman 
of the Improvement Trust, 1904—1909) had with the develop- 
D^ent of this estate. Mr. Owen Dunn (born 1854) was in the 
P. W. D. from 1876 till his retirement in 1909. He was Presi- 
dent of the Corporation, 1908-09. 

Paidhownie Road. (From Parel Road to Dongri Street.) ' 

" Before the sea was excluded by reclamation works it used 
to pour across what are now called the Byculla Flats and invaded 
nearly the whole of Khetwadi. Its water swept through Duncan 
Road onwards through the Bhendi Bazaar to the spot where 
a slight elevation occurs upon the road, in the vicinity of the 
great metal market of the Presidency and where a heavy car- 
riages roll announces the hollow beneath, at the site near where 
the temple of Mumbadevi now stands and is known as Paya- 
dhoni, or feet washing place. It was so called because at this 
identical spot a small stream of salt water was left by the re- 
ceding tide where on entering Bombay travellers and cattle 
washed their feet." (da Cunha, p. 334.) 

Pakmodia Street. (Grant Road to Guzer Street.) 
Formerly known as Shaikh Abdul Pakmodia Street. 

Palki Gully. (From Mahim Bazaar Road to Lady Jamsetji 
Road.) 

Palki Street. (Near Kamhekar Street, Bhendi Bazaar.) 

So called because palanquins, used by Khojas at the time of 
their marriages, were kept here for hire. Among Khojas the 
bride and bridegroom sit in a palanquin which forms part of 
th^ marriage procession. Palkis were until recent years used 
in particular by doctors. 

Paltan Road. (From Carnac Road to Hornby Road.) 

Paltan, a regiment. Named after the native infantry lines 
formerly situated along this road. 



118 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Panchayat Wadi. {A blind lane from Bhuleehwar Street.) 

Panchayat (Hindi, from panch, five.) " A committee or 
court of arbitration consisting of five persons. But the term 
is widely used irrespective of the number of persons, and may 
include all the elders of a caste assembled in council, or the two^ 
or three bystanders called by a policeman to witness a search." 
(Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) 

Several Hindu castes have their meeting places in this Wadi . 
Henee the name. 

Panday Eoad. (From Cuffe Parade to Wodehouse Road.) 

Named after the founder of the Parsi Sanitarium — ^the late 
Mr. Merwanji Framji Panday (1812-1876)— on the south of this 
road. He was brother-in-law of the first Sir Dinshah Petit, 
and a large mill-owner. The Trustees of the Sanitarium 
contributed Rs. 18,500 towards the construction of the road. 

Panjrapol Road. (From Bhuleshwar Street to Parel Road.) 

Panjrapol (Gujarati, from panjra, Sanskrit pinjara 
cage, and pol, an enclosed yard) " A hospital where broken 
down, maimed or useless animals are kept alive." (Whitworth's 
Anglo-Indian Dictionary.) The panjrapol from which the 
road derives its name was founded, probably by leading Hindu 
and Parsi merchants, prominent among whom were Motichand 
Amichand (1783-1836) and the first Sir Jamsetji, on the 18th 
October 1834, and is situated near the Cowasji Patel Tank, 
in close proximity to the Madhav Bang. A full account of it 
is given in the Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. Ill, p. 316. 

Panton Bunder. 

Named after Mr. Arthur Panton, a former Traffic Manager 
of the Port Trust Bunders, who entered the service of the 
Trust in 1876. 

Paper Mill Lane. (A blind lane from Girgaum Road.) 
Named after the paper mill that existed here. 

Parel Road. (From Kalbadevi Road to Kalachauki Road.) 

" According to a statement at page 50 of the Monthly Mis- 
cellany for 1850, Parel is a shortened form of non-pareil, the 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 119 

Peerless. This J9ke may possibly have been suggested by 
Neibuhr's French remark, 1763-64, Voyage II., 12, that in the 
whole^of India there is nothing equal 'point de Pareille ' to 
Parel's splendid dining and ball rooms. . . . There seems no 
reason to doubt that the name of the house is taken from the 
ftame of the village. The probable origin of the village name 
is the tree paral or padel Heterophragma chelonoides, or 
Bignonia suaveolens, the Tree Trumpet Flower." (Campbell, 
III., 595.) 

Mr. S. M. Edwardes says (Gazetteer, I, 28) that " it is equally 
likely that the name is a shortened form of Parali, given by the 
Panchkalshi community to commemorate the shrine of Vaija- 
nath Mahadeo at Parali in the Deccan." 

Part of the road, from Paidhoni to Grant Road, is known as 
Bhendy Bazar. " From its row of bhetidis, Hibiscus populnea, 
north of Paidhoni." (Campbell, III., 595.) According to Sir 
G. Birdwood the Bhendy tree is Thespesia populnea, in Southern 
Lidia commonly called Portia, a favourite ornamental tree, 
thriving best near the sea. In Ceylon it is called Saria gansuri 
and also the Tulip tree. (Hobson-Jobson.) 

Parel Government Gate Road. {From the junction of 
Suparibaug and Parel CJiawl Roads to South Gate of Govern- 
ment House meeting Parel Back Road.) 

This name, of which the origin is obvious, is commonly 
shortened into Government Gate Road. 

Parsi Bazaar Street. {From Elphinstone Circle to Gunbow 
Street.) 

It was occupied by Parsi shopkeers. 

Parsi Panchayat Lane. {From Parsi Bazaar Street to a 
house.) 

The offices of the Parsi Panchayat {see under Panchayat) 
are situated here. 

Patakwadi Road. {Impyrovement Trust Scheme II, Road 5, 
1911.) 

Patak, or more correctly Pathak, is the surname of one of the 
old families of Bombay priests. There was another Pathakwadi 



120 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

in Girgaum which was until lately known as Baba Pathak 
Wadi. Baba Pathak was a great Sanskrit scholar, the author 
of the Sanskrit work Sanskar Bhaskar, who was often consfalted 
by European scholars. 

Pathan Street. (From Falkland Road to Durgadevi Road.) * 
Named after Pathans who live in this locality. 

Pawai Road. (A blind road from Mount Pleasant Road.) 

Named after the village of Pawai, in Thana District, on 
account of the owner of that village, Framji Cowasji Bomanji 
(1767-1837), a well known Parsi, formerly owning large pro- 
perties along this road. 

Pedder Road. (From Warden Road to Gowalia Tank Road. 

Named after Mr. W. G. Pedder, Municipal Commissioner 
(1879). He was in the Bombay Civil Service, 1855-1879, and 
on his retirement was appointed Secretary to the Revenue 
and Commerce Department at the India Office. 

Peerkhan Lane. (From Bellasis Road to New Nagpada Road.) 

So called from a Mahomedan resident named Peer Khan, a 
well-known stone mason. 

Pestonji Street. (From Gun Carriage Street to Shroff Street.) 

A house in the locality was owned in 1845 by Pestonji Edulji 
Shroff. It passed- in 1872 to (? his son) Edulji Pestonji Shroff. 
The street apparently is named after one or other of these 
two. (See also Shroff Street.) 

Picket Road. (From Carnac Road to Kalbadevi Road.) 

So named from a military picket house having been situated 
at the south end of the Road. 

Pilot Bunder Road. (Touching Colaba Road near St. John 
the Evangelist Church.) 

Named after the Bunder of the same name. A life boat was 
once kept here. (Bombay City Gazetteer, I., 55.) 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 121 

> 

PiMPALWADi Cross Lane. {A blind lane from Mughhat.) 

Thif^ is called Pimpalwadi on account of the many fipal 
(Ficus Religiosa, or the Peepul) trees that existed there. There 
are still one or two large peepul trees in this oart. 
» 
PiNJARi Street. (From Abdul Rehman Street to Sarang Street.) 

Pinjaris, cotton cleaners, live in the locality. The pin/jar 
is the harp shaped bow carrying the string by the vibration 
of which the cotton is cleaned or scutched. (Vide Tribes and 
Castes of the C. P., Vol. II., p. 72.) 

PiRU Lane. (From Parel Road to Imamwada.) 
Named after a Havaldar of a Governor whose name was Piru. 

Pitha Street. (From Gunbow Street to Ghoga Street.) 

Named after an old pitha or liquor shop that exists here. It 
belonged to Baja Lalchu, a well known Parsi. 

Platform Road. (On both sides of Tardeo siding.) 
A matter-of-fact railway name. 

Police Court Lane. (From Bora Bazar Street to Raghunaih 
Dadaji Street.) 

The old Fort Police Court building was at the corner of 
Hornby Road and Raghunath Dadaji Street, at the west end 
of this lane. This old Police Court Building was the property 
of the first Sir Jamsetji (1783-1859) who gave it to his third 
*son Sorabji (1825-1883) and from him it passed to the 
Sassoons. 

PooNA Street. (From Clive Road to Frere Road.) 
•Named after the town of Poona. 

PoPATWADi, or 1st Kolbhat Lane. (A blind lane from Kal- 
badevi Road.) 

Formerly known as Moroba Popatji's wadi. Moroba Popatji 
was a wealthy Pathare Kshatriya of Bombay. 



122 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

PoETUGUESE Church Street. {Fro7n Dadar ^nd Lady Jam- 
setji Road junction to Old Purbhadevi Road.) 

The Rev. Father Hull writes : — ■" This street is so calleS be- 
cause of Salva9ao Church which still exists along it, opposite 
the big tank which is called the Church tank. Salvagao church , 
(Nossa Senhora do Salva9ao) was built by the Portuguese 
Franciscans some time before 1600 (said to be 1596). It has 
been rebuilt several times, and retains nothing of its original 
form and appearance. It was successively in the hands of the 
Franciscans and the Carmelites, and passed backwards and 
forwards between the two jurisdictions ; but since 1853 has been 
in possession of the Padroado clergy. 

" St. Michael's, Mahim, near the bridge to Bandra, has a 
similar history ; it is said to have been founded in 1534. Tlie 
chapel of St. Teresa, Girgaum, often called the Portuguese 
chapel, was' originally built in 1773 ; always under Propaganda 
Jurisdiction. 

*' The native Christians (and their churches) owe their name 
Portuguese to their having originally been converted by the 
Portuguese before the English acquisition. The name stuck 
to them till very recent times. Properly only those Christians 
should be called Portuguese who come from Goa (the Goans). 
The Padroado churches can be called Portuguese in the sense 
that they are under a Portuguese Bishop and manned by Goan 
clergy." 

On the subject of Portuguese relics in Bombay, which one 
might expect to be commemorated in place names. Father 
Hull writes : — "It is claimed that some old walls in the castle 
represent the remnants of the Portuguese Governor's house ; 
but this is not at all certain, in fact quite improbable. The « 
Portuguese (1534-1661) did not take Bombay island very 
seriously. They merely divided the land among some of the 
better families ; and there were never more than 14 such 
families in the island. They built nothing known to us except 
just the Governor's house above alluded to, which was probably 
a poor affair. They made no forts either. Whether those 
little round towers on hills were built by them I cannot say, 
but probably not. The churches of Esperan^a, ' Gloria, 
Salvaoao and St. Michael's and the shell of the church at Parel 
(now embodied in the laboratory) are the only known Portuguese 
buildings ; and of these no distinguishing original feature 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 123 

t 

survives, as they were macli rebuilt. Alleged Portuguese 
houses; etc., are mythological. With churches should he 
included crosses of the Portuguese type ; but it is not certain 
which of them were made in Portuguese times and which later. 

Prescott Koad. {From Napier Road to Outram Road.) 

Named after Miss Prescott. " The Frere -Fletcher school was 
formerly known as Miss Prescott's Fort Christian school. This 
building, like the University Hall and Library, dates its origin 
from the share mania times. Its existence is the result of the 
unselfish labours of Miss Prescott, a lady who for some years 
devoted her life and her means to the education of a few 
children irrespective of caste or creed. Some friends on her 
behalf appealed to Sir Bartle Frere, who made a grant of the 
land, on which the building stands, free of cost. Mr. Prem- 
chund Roychund likewise assisted by a gift of money, but the 
greater part of the expense has been borne by Miss Prescott, 
who collected the necessary funds from friends and others 
interested in a good cause. The foundations were laid in 1871." 
(Maclean's Guide to Bombay^ p. 231.) 

Prince's Dock. 

The foundation stone of this dock was laid by the Prince 
of Wales (afterwards King Edward VII) in 1875. 

Princess Street. (From Sheik Memon Street to Queen's Road.) 

The first important street scheme undertaken by the Bombay 
Improvement Trust. Acquisition of property commenced Sep- 
tember 1901 ; street opened and named by T.R.H. The Prince 
*and Princess of Wales, November 10th, 1905. (Details of the 
scheme were prepared, in pamphlet form, by the Trust for the 
opening ceremony.) 

Procter Road. (From Grant Road Bridge to Girgaum Back 
Road.) 

Named after Sir H. E. Procter, of the firm of Killick Nixon 
& Co. He was born in 1866 and first came to Bombay in 
1888 in Messrs. Killick Nixon & Co. He was Chairman of 
the Bombay Chamber of Commerce for several years and repre- 
sented it in the Bombay Legislative Council. Along this road 



1'24 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

are congregated several missionary institutions in which Sir 
Henry takes great interest. The name of the road is therefore 
appropriate. '• 

The road was formerly called Dhanji Street from a Parsi 
Dhanjibhai Framji but it was altered to the present name by 
the Municipality. 

Queen's Koad. {From Churchgate Street to New Queen's Road.) 
Named after Queen Victoria. 

Queen's Koad Bandstand. {From Churchgate Street to Wode- 
house bridge, East approach.) 

The bandstand is situated at the junction of this road with 
Mayo road. Formerly known as Queen's Parade, and then as 
Queen's road. 

Fashion has somewhat deserted the Bandstand since the 
mid -nineteenth century when Buist wrote : " The Bandstand 
on the Esplanade is the principal place of resort on week-days ; 
on Sundays the Breach is the place of rendezvous." 

Eaghoonath Dadaji Street. {From Hornby Road to Gunbow 
Street.) 

Named after Raghunath Dadaji, a rich Hindu merchant, 
whose family had a well-known house there. His more famous 
brother was Dhakji Dadaji (1760-1846) who built, in 1831, 
Mahaluxmi temple with its imposing pagoda. 

" The one vestige of a Prabhu settlement in the Fort is 
Raghunath Dadaji Street." (K. N. Kabraji quoted in Bombay 
City Gazetteer, I., 242.) 

Raichor Street. {From Clive Road to Frere Road.) 
Named after Raichur in the Madras Presidency. 

Rampart Row. {From Esplanade Road to Apollo Street.) 

Rampart Row West was formerly called Rope Walk Street, 
" so called from the Rope Walk here kept for many years by 
the Company for the manufacture of coir ropes." (Maclean's 
Guide to Bombay.) " Here is also a rope walk, which for 
length, situation, and convenience, equals any in England, 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 125 

that in tlie king's yard at Portsmoutli only excepted ; and like 
that, it has a covering to protect the workmen ; cables, and all 
sorts of lesser cordage, both of hemp and coir, are manufactured 
here.*^ (Milburn's " Oriental Commerce" — published 1825 — ■ 
page 123.) 

^ Michael (History of the Municipal Corporation, p. 408) writes 
that "Rampart Road East, or the Eastern Boulevard," was 
opened in 1868. Rampart Road East was subsequently renamed 
as part of Esplanade Road. 

Rauli Hill. 

Ravelin Street. {From Hornby Road to Waudby Road.) 

Named after a ravelin of the old fort. (Ravelin — an outwork 
of two faces forming a salient angle outside the main ditch 
before the curtain.) The various ravelins must have often 
been used as land marks. An advertisement in the Bombay 
Courier of 1828 mentions a house near the " South west ravelin 
near the Apollo Gate." 

Reay Road. (From DeLima Street to Kalachauki Road.) 

Named after Lord Reay (born 1830), Governor of Bombay 
from 1885-1890. The road was handed over to the Municipality 
by the Port Trust, 1894-5. 

Rebsch Street. {From Club Back Road to Gell Street.) 

After Mr. S. Rebsch (born 1853),Chairman of the Improvement 
Trust (1900-1906). He was in the Public Works Department 
5rom 1875 to 1906. 

Reynolds Road. {From Club Back Road to Morland Road.) 

Named after the first Engineer of the City Improvement Trust, 
Ms. Playford Reynolds (born 1843), of the Public Works Depart- 
ment. 



Ridge Road. {From Gibbs Road to Walkeshwar Road.) 
It is on the Ridge of Malabar Hill. 



126 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

RiPON Road. {From Bellasis Road to Jacob's Circle.) 

Named after the Marquis of Ripon, Governor-General of 
India from 1880-1884. This road was built in 1885. 



Roberts Road. 

This road runs from Colaba Road at the southern end of the 
Parade ground towards Back Bay, and then extends up to the 
gate of the old Lunatic Asylum. Although properly named 
Beach Road, it was generally called Asylum Road and, as 
there was no reason for maintaining the memory of the Lunatic 
Asylum (now moved to Poona), the Military Authorities desired 
that the road should be named Roberts Road, after the late 
Field Marshal Lord Roberts. This change was made in 1915. 

Ropewalk Street. {From Military Square Lane to Rampart 
Row.) 

{Vide Rampart Row.) 

Rose Cottage Lane. {From Mount Road to Matarpakhadi.) 
From a bungalow of this name. 

Rotten Row Ride. 

This name, borrowed from London, was applied to the ride 
round what is now called the Oval, but it is now seldom used. 
' ' Numerous gardens or planted enclosures have been laid out at 
suitable spots, such as the Rotten Row Ride, by the late Mr. 
Bellasis." (Maclean's Guide to Bombay, p. 210.) 

In a letter to The Times of India (5th December, 1914) on' a 
new ride laid out inside the Race Course, an anonymous writer 
says : — " It is hardly too much to prophesy that the Rotten 
Row of Bombay in the future will not be the Kennedy Sea Face 
but the Club (Western India Turf Club) track at Mahaluxmi." 

Russell Street. {From Clive Road to 1st Clive Cross Lane.) 

RuTHERFiELD Street. {From Military Square Lane to Forbes 
Street.) 



bombay place-names. 127 

Eyan Grain Market. 

Named after Mr. Jolin Ryan, the first Traffic Manager of the 
Bombay Port Trust. 

Sadashiv Street. i^From Girgaum Back Road to Kandewadi 
Lane.) 

Named after an owner of property there named Sadashiv, a 
Hindu of the Pathare Prabhu caste. 

The old name of this street, still current among the inhabit- 
ants, is Raishum Gully — raishum silk, gully lane — because silk 
weavers lived there and some of them are still to be found there. 

S af ARAB ADi Street. (West of Morland Road.) 

So named because the inhabitants were mostly engaged on 
ships. Safar means a voyage. The Street is called Mahomedan 
Street by the Municipality. 

Samuel Road. {From Sandhurst Road to Bhandari Street.) 

Samuel Street was formerly known as Shamji (or Samaji) 
Hassaji Street. It was named after Shamji Husaji who was a 
commandant in the native army of the Bombay Government 
in 1790. In commemoration of his escape from the hands of 
Hyder Ali of Mysore, he built the synagogue known as the Gate 
of Mercy. Many other houses in the locality were owned by 
and occupied by Bene Israels. The street is named after 
him (Shamji) because Shamji is synonymous with Samuel. 
Essajee Hasaji, the brother of Shamji, was an officer in the native 
army at the same time as his brother. The street now called 
Bardan . Street was formerly known as Essajee Hasaji Street, 
(^ee Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. I., p. 249.) 

Sandhurst Road. (From Frere Road to Girgaum Road.) 

Named after Lord Sandhurst, Governor of Bombay (1895- 
1900). It was in his governorship that the Act was passed which 
constituted the City Improvement Trust which built this road. 
The road was handed over to the Municipality in 1910. 

Sankli Street. (From Morland Road to Clare Road.) 

Named after a tank of this name that formerly existed here. 
It was called Sanklia, or Sakaria, because its water was co»- 



128 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

sidered to be as sweet as " sakar " (sugarcandy). Another, 
and equally plausible explanation is that the tank got its name 
from being surrounded by sankel, or iron chain railings, instead 
of a stone parapet. The tank was filled up in 1893, a*id the 
site of it is now occupied by a fire-brigade station and Municipal 
ward offices. 

< 
Saeang Street. (From Carnac Road to Bhajipala Street.) 

Formerly known as Baloo Sarang Street. Sarang means 
' boatswain ': the word is Persian — sarhang — and originally 
meant a commander or overseer. In modern Persian it seems 
to be used for a colonel. (Hobson-Jobson.) 

Sassoon Dock. 

'' The Sassoon Dock at Colaba is situated close to the pre- 
sent Cotton Green and was opened in 1875 by Messrs. D. Sas- 
soon & Co. In 1879 it was purchased by Government on behalf 
of the Port Trustees." (Bombay City Gazetteer, Vol. 
III., p. 264.) 

Say AD MuKEi Street. (From Bhandari Street to Dongri 
Street.) 

Believed to be named after Mahomed Sayad Mukri. In 
Arabic mukri means one who reads certain passages from the 
Koran in the course of a sermon. 

Scandal Point. (Breach Candy.) 

The name is to be found in the Monthly Miscellany of Western 
India (1850) if not earlier. The explanation is obvious, for 
the popularity of drives to this point has not diminished. 
" There are two drives especial favourites with the ' Bombay 
fashionable world : one to the Esplanade, the other to the 
* Breach ' on the western side of the island." (Lady Falkland 
'' Chow-Chow," Vol. I, p. 97.) 

" On Sundays the Breach is the place of rendezvous, though 
the churches commonly draw the bulk of the fashionables 
away." (Buist's Guide, p. 274 b.) 

Scottish Orphanage Gully. (From Lady Jamsetji Road to 
Mahim Bazar Road.) 

Named after the well known school in Mahim, 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 129 

Setalv/ad Road. (From Nepean Sea Road seawards.) 
») 
Named after C. H. Setalwad, a member of the Bombay Cor- 
poration, who has his bungalow there. 

Sewri Road. (From Kalachowki Road to Sewri Koliwada and 
cross road junction.) 

" Sivri, or Sewri, which Fryer referred t6 as Suri, is held to 
derive its name from Sivadi or Sivavadi (the place or garden 
of Siva) or possibly from Shivarvadi." (Bombay City Gazetteer, 
Vol. I., p. 30). As a place name Sewri is most commonly 
applied to the Christian cemetery, but it occurs also in three 
or four street names. 

Shaik Bud an Comodin Street. (From Grant Road to Bel- 
lasis Road.) 

The municipal spelling of the name is peculiar, but the street 
appears to derive its name from a prominent resident of former 
days, Shaikh Buran Kammudin, a Konkani Mahomedan. It 
is now known among the residents as Teli Moholla or Teli Street. 
Teli — oilmen, of whom some live in this street. 

Shamsett Street. (From Abdul Rehman Street to Sheik Met^on 
Street.) 

Named after Balaji Shamsett, a wealthy Hindu of the Sonar 
or goldsmith caste, related to the famous Jagonnath Sunker- 
sett (1802-1865). He had several houses in the Street which 
was formerly inhabited exclusively by Hindu tailors, which 
was called from this circumstance Chhipichali, ^.e., lane of tailors. 

Sheik Memon Street. (From Carnac Road, Crawford Market 
' to Kalhadevi Road.) 

This is named after a Deccani Mahomedan Pir, or holy man, 
called Shaikh Momin, corrupted into Memon, who flourished 
150 years ago. The Saint's tomb or durga is in this street near 
it.'i junction with Princess Street and is frequented by maiiy 
Mahomedans who make offerings there. An Annual religious 
fair is also held on the anniversary of the Saint's death. 

A law suit — " Mahomed Husan Aswari and others versus 
Gulam Mohidin Baig and others " — was reported in The Times 
of India of December 1, 1914. The plaintiffs applied for the 



130 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

appointment of a receiver of the valuable properties attached 
to the Dargah of Sheikh Momin, from whith the well-known 
Sheikh Memon Street takes its name. They contend that 
the properties were charitable and must be declared lo have 
been held by the defendants as matavalis or managers of the 
Dargah, and the defendants should be made to account for the 
rents of shops, over Rs. 250 a month ; for the Rs. 20,000 or so 
they had received as compensation for set-back from the Muni- 
cipality ; for oiierings at the shrine or tomb of the Pir Sheikh 
Momin ; and for other receipts. The charity was founded about 
one and -a -half centuries ago. Counsel for the defendants denied 
that the properties mentioned were either public or charitable ; 
contrariwise, they were proprietary and ancestral, for which 
the defendants paid income-tax and municipal and other dues. 
The defendants were the descendants of the relatives of the 
Sheikh Momin; there was at the same place the tomb of Kahi- 
muddin Shah also, an ancestor of theirs. The tombs of the 
two Pirs or saints were situated in the family-house of the 
defendants which had recently been rebuilt. The notice of 
motion was dismissed. 

Sections of the street are known to natives as Kapad-bazaar 
or cloth market ; Chandi or Shroff bazaar, silver market ; Moti 
or Javeri bazaar, pearl market; cloth, silver and pearl-merchants 
having their establishments in this locality. 

Shekadi Lane. (A blind lane from Vithalwadi.) 

Named after a Hindu of the Parbhu caste called Shekadi. 
There was a well in the middle of the lane now filled up which 
was called Shekadi 's well. 

Shepherd Road. (From Par el Road to Clare Road.) 

Named after the Alms House of that name situated in this 
road. 

" St. Peter's, Mazagon, was opened for Divine Service in 1859. 
It was built chiefly from funds bequeathed by an aged Eurojfean 
resident of the district, named Shepherd, about whose life those 
who knew him best observed an air of mystery. The outside 
world only heard of his existence. On his death' the public 
learnt that he had left funds for the erection of a church at 
Mazagon, and of a refuge for widows, orphans, and blind per- 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 131 

sons. • The latter, known as ' Shepherd's Alms-House,' has 
been built at B^culla in convenient proximity to the Byculla 
Church." (Maclean's Guide to Bombay, p. 298.) 

A manuscript note on the Shepherd's Trust file states that 
Shepherd joined the East India Company's Marine in 1787, 
^retired in 1834 on a pension of Es. 87-8, and died ten years 
later. He left Rs. 9,794 to build alms-houses. 

Sholapur Street. {Frmi Clive Road to Frere Road.) 
Named after the City of Sholapur in the Deccan. 

Shroff Street. (From Pestonji Street to Bora and Hamal 
Streets.) 

Possibly named after the Pestonji Edulji Shroff who also 
gave his name to Pestonji Street {q- v.). It was in this quarter 
of the town, and especially in Bazaar Gate Street, that the 
Hindu Shroffs i&rst established themselves. " Shroff — A money 
changer, a banker. Ar. sarraf, sairafi, sairajP (Hobson-Jobson.) 

SiNDHi Lane. {From Falkland Road to Khetwadi Main 
Road.) 

People from Sind (Sindhis) live in this lane. 

SlON. 

" Sion, which was called Siam by Fryer and Svya by Simao 
Botelho (1554) is a Portuguese corruption of the Marathi Simwa, 
a boundary or limit, Sion village being the boundary between 
the island of Bombay and Salsette." (Bombay City Gazetteer, 
Vol. I., p. 29.) 

Da Cunha's note on this word (The Origin of Bombay, p. 59) 
is rather confused. He writes : " The village of Sion, which 
the early Portuguese more approximately to its origin wrote 
Siva, has some temples of its own. . . .The name Sion is derived 
fnom the Marathi Simva, a boundary or a limit, the village of 
Sion being the boundary between the island of Bombay and 
Salsette." This supposed connection with Siva may be traced* 
farther bafck, for Moor in " Oriental Fragments " published in 
1834 (p. 436) gives the following derivation: " Siva is, in the 
southern, western, and, perhaps, other parts of India, corruptly 



132 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

pronounced Sheo, and otherways Seo, Seu and Siv. A oonical 
hill, among the highest, on Bombay, and thfe most northern 
is (almost of course) named after this elevated family. Natives 

generally call it Seo or Sheo It used to comm^and the pfeage 

between Bombay and Salsette, and served as a check on the 
Mahrattas of the latter island. We always write it Sion, and 
pronounce it as we do the name of our ' holy hill.' It was' 
probably so called by our predecessors." 

Sion Causeway was formerly known as Sion Vellard (cf. 
Hornby Vellard). 

Maria Graham (1812) writes (p. 8): " At the foot of the hill of 
Sion is a causeway, or vellard which was built by Mr. Duncan, 
the present Governor, across a small arm of the sea, which separ- 
ates Bombay and Salsette. It is well constructed of stone, 
and has a draw-bridge in the middle, but it is too narrow for 
carriages to go along with safety in bad weather ; however, it is 
of great advantage to the farmers and gardeners who bring in the 
daily supplies of provisions to the Bombay market. The vellard 
was begun in A. D. 1797, and finished in 1805, at the expense 
of 50,575 rupees, as I learnt from an inscription over a small 
house at the end next Bombay, where a guard is kept to prevent 
the introduction of contraband articles from Salsette, which 
though under the English government, is still subject to the 
Mahratta regulations with regard to taxes." 

Smi Road. (From Walkeshwar Road to Ridge Road.) 

" This road is called Siri from the Marathi word sidi, a ladder 
or a staircase, from its steep or slanting position on the way 
from Chaupati to Malabar Hill." (da Cunha, p. 56.) 

Sleater Road. ( Fro7n Falkland Road to Grant Road. From " 
Tardeo Road to the Low Level Road south of Falkland Bridge.) 

The road was made on land of which part belonged to the 
B. B. & C. I. Railway. It is named after J. M. Sleater for many 
years Resident Engineer of the B. B. &. C. I. Railway an^l 
Chief Engineer, 1882—1892. 

SoNAPUR Street. (From Girgaum Road to Chandanwddi Lane.) 

Named according to one explanation after the Hindu Burial 
Ground close by ; and called Sonapur from the vernacular 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 133 

meaning sleepijig place, or quarter of the town. Sona 
sleep. 

Roo Bahadur P. B. Joshi writes : — " I don't think this is 
correct. Sone in Marathi means gold and pur a city. Hindus 
call a cemetery a Smashan,or Shamshanpur,and this Smashanpur 
• was probably changed into Suvashpur or Sonapur, that is, the 
city of gold. When an aged person dies it is a common practice 
to say tyachen sonejhalen, i.e., he is turned into gold. Another 
explanation for the origin of the name is that this, or an adjoin- 
ing wadi or oart, was known by the name of Sonawadi and so 
the new burning ground was named after the wadi." 

SoEABJi SuNTOOK Lane. (From Lohar Street to Wellington 
Street.) 

(See Dady Santook Lane.) 

SouTER Street. ( From Gilder Street to Morland Road.) 

Named after a former PoHce Commissioner, Sir Frank Henry 
Souter, Kt.C.S.I. (1832—88). He was the son of Captain Souter, 
who was a prisoner in Afghanistan in 1842 in the hands of the 
notorious Akbar Khan. He took part in suppressing dacoity in 
Southern Deccan consequent on the Mutiny of 1857. Com- 
missioner of Police, Bombay, in succession to Forjett, from 1864 
till his death in 1888. He was knighted by King Edward when 
he visited Bombay in 1875, as Prince of Wales. He took a 
prominent part in Municipal affairs and was twice (1882 and 
1883) President of the Municipal Corporation, as well as of 
the Town Council. 

St. George's Road. (From the south-east gate of the Victoria 
Terminus to Frere Road.) 

Named after the European General Hospital of the same name. 

Stable Street. (From Bapty Road to ISth Kamatipura Street.) 

• Named after the Municipal Health Department stables 
situated there. 

Stevens* Street. (From Apollo Pier Road to Lansdowne Road.) 

The Yacht Club Chambers, the only building in this street, 
were built under the supervision of the, late Mr. F. W. Stevens, 



< f 

134 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

but were designed by Mr. J. Adams, the Government Archi- 
tect. They were opened in 1898. 

Stoee Lane. (Frcrni Homji Street to Par see Bazar Street.)' 
Named after the commissariat stores close by. 

Strand Road. (From Apollo Pier to Henry Road.) 

Named so because it is situated abutting the Harbour wall. 

SuBEDAR Lane or Cowasji Subedar Lane. {East of Patil 
Street hut no longer existing.) 

Named after Cowasji Limji Subedar, a well known Parsi of 
the latter part of the eighteenth century. He was a Subedar or 
Lispector in the Customs Department and had a house in this 
street. His dates are not certain but his son Shapurji Cowasji 
Subedar (1770-1823) who succeeded to his father's place in 
the Customs, died in 1823, aged 53. This lane is mentioned 
with others in the official report of the great fire of 1803 given 
in Historical Materials, Part I., p. 433. (Bombay Gazetteer, 
Vol. XXVL,pt. I.) 

SuKLAJi Street. {From Bellasis Road to Grant Road.) 

So named after Kharshedji Jamasji Banatwala (1809-1870) 
who owned large property in the locality. Sukhlaji was Khar- 
shedji's uncle and he and his brother Jamasji (Kharshedji's 
father) traded in sack cloth (hence their surname Banatwala, 
" banat " meaning sack-cloth) under the name Sukhlaji and 
Jamasji. This trade name became famous among Parsis, and 
Kharshedji was known by this name Sukhlaji-Jamasji, shortened ^^ 
into Sukhlaji, rather than by his surname. 

SuLEMAN Street. {West Agripada). 1911. 

Mr. Haji Suleman Abdul Wahed, Sheriff of Bombay, 1910, 
owns property in this street which is called after him. * 

Sunder Lane. {A blind lane from Haines Road.) 

So named after Soonder Bai, a Hindu woman, well known 
formerly in the locality, who had a house in the lane. It is 
also known as Chickal Gully, or Mud Lane, because before the 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 135 

district was drained, rain water used to accumulate here and 
there was mucfi mud. There is Chickal Gully or Wadi near 
Sleater Road, Grant Road, called by the inhabitants from the 
same cause ' the district of mud ' or chickal. 

SuPARi Baug Road. [From Parel Road to Dadar and Naigaum 
Cross Roads.) 

Named after a plantation or garden (Persian, bagh) of supari 
which is the best known vernacular name for the betelnut 
palm {areca catechu). 

SuRAT Street. {From Musjid Station Road to Frere Road. 
Named after the City of Surat. 

SuRATi Street. (East of Duncan Road, near Mastan Tank.) 

So called from Surati Dhed or scavengers from Surat who 
reside there. There was in this street a tank, now filled up, 
called from its dirty state Gunda Talao, gunda dirty. 

Sussex Road. [From Connaught Road to Parel Road.) 

SuTAR Chawl Street. (From Abdul Rehman Street to Shaik 
Memon Street.) 

So named from houses of ' Sutaras ' or carpenters there. 

Sutar (Hindi form of sutardhar). The name of a Sudra caste ; 
they are carpenters. They are looked upon as of intermediate 
Sudra rank in most places, but in some, as Midnapui:, they 
are held to be a low caste. (Whitworth's Anglo-Indian Dic- 
tionary.) 

Sydenham Road. (To be constructed from Crawford Market to 
Sandhurst Road.) 

* Extract from the proceedings of a meeting of the Bombay 
Improvement Trust held on the 4th March 1913:— "Con- 
sidered ^ papers underlying Circular No. 91 of 1913 on the 
following minute by the Chairman, dated 22nd February 1913, 
suggesting that the main road in the Sandhurst Road to 
Crawford Market Street Scheme be named ' Sydenham Road.' 



136 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

I suggest that the Board should, in recognition of the \5trong 
support which Lord Sydenham had always* given to them 
during his term of office as Governor of Bombay, ask him, 
before he leaves Bombay, to kindly consent to their giving 
the name Sydenham Road to the new road to be constructed 
between Crawford Market and Sandhurst Road in Scheme 37., 
It will be some years before the new road can be actually con- 
structed ; but it will be convenient to have a name for it 
at once, so that the Scheme may be known as the Sydenham 
Road Scheme instead of ' the Sandhurst Road to Crawford 
Market Street Scheme.' 

The Chairman having proposed the adoption of the sugges- 
tion Mr. Wacha proposed as an amendment that the new road 
be named ' New Memonwada Road.' The amendment being 
put to the vote was lost. The original proposition being put 
to the vote was carried. Mr. Wacha alone dissenting. The 
Chairman's suggestion was adopted." 

Sir George Sydenham Clarke, 1st Baron Sydenham of Combe 
(born 1848) was Governor of Bombay 1907-1913. 

Tad-Wadi {From Girgaum Road to Sonapur Street.) 

Tarvadi or Tadvadi — the Brab-garden. (Bombay City Gazet- 
teer, I., 27.) The palmyra palm (Borassus flahelliffcr) is called 
tad in Marathi. The name " brab," comm.only used in Bombay, 
is derived from the Portuguese hrava, " wild palm." 

Tamarind Lane. (From Medows Street to Dean Lane.) 

The tamarind after which this lane is called was a famous 
tree beneath which it was customary to hold public auctions. 
It stood near the Cathedral at the edge of the cotton green, 
and was responsible for the phrase amli-agal (' in front of the 
tamarind ' — amli being Hindustani as chinch is Marathi fof 
tamarind) — by which the hack-carriage drivers of earlier years 
denoted the Cathedral. This tree was cut down in November 
1846. (See Bombay City Gazetteer, III., 251.) tamarind 
trees were once common here, but the only survivor of import- 
ance is one at the N. E. corner of the Cathedral compound. 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 137 

Tandel Street. (From Jail Road south to 1st Chinch Bunder 
Road.) * 

Ta.];idel is another form of Tindal ; and for this variety of 
street name, cf. Sarang Street. Hobson-Jobson gives the fol- 
lowing note : — 

* Tindal. Mai. tandal, . Tel. tandelu, also in Mahr. and 
other vernacular tandel, tandail — The head or commander 
of a body of men ; but in ordinary specific application a native 
petty officer of Lascars, whether on boardship (boatswain) 
or in the ordnance department, and sometimes the head of 
a gang of labourers on public works. 

Tank Bunder Road. (From Ghorupdeo and Mount Road 
Junction to Reay Road.) 

There is a large tank in the vicinity of this Bunder. 
Tank Street. (From Grant Road, to Bellasis Road.) 

Khandia Tank formerly existed between this street and 
Khandia Tank Street. 

T ANKER VILLE. 

A house situated close to the site on which was the Gowalia 
Tank, until 1912 when it was reclaimed, and near the foot of 
the north-eastern slope of Malabar Hill. Hence its name, though 
the punning allusion to Tankerville in Normandy, whence a 
famous Anglo-Norman family (of the Greys) derived the title of 
its earldom in the fifteenth century, had much to do with it. 

For the Anglo-Indian word Tank in the sense of a large 
sheet of water, vide Hobson-Jobson. 

Mr. R. P. Karkaria writes : — " Tankerville is a very old 
• bungalow, and its late proprietor Mr. Hirji Readymoney (1809- 
1901), grandfather of the present baronet Sir Cowasji Jehangir, 
showed me in 1893 some old papers in which it was stated that 
the Gowalia Tank as well as Tankerville belonged to a civil 
servant of the Company, a member of the Bombay Council, 
•already in 1765 or thereabouts. It belonged to the Readjnnoney 
family for more than a century. From 1854 to 1869 the Elphin- 
stone College was housed in it ; at the end of the latter year the 
College was removed to a building specially built for it at Byculla 
opposite the Victoria Gardens where it remained till 1888 in 
which year it was transferred to its present building opposite 



138 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

the new Museum, and the old one at Byculla came inlo the 
possession of the Technical Institute. At a stone's throw from 
Tankerville is another bungalow also called after the Ggwalia 
Tank, Tankar Villa. It formerly had a large compound, part 
of which adjoined the Tank. A great part of this compound 
was lately built upon and forms the site of Khalakdina Terrace, < 
so called from the name of the mother of the present owner Mr. 
Kasamally Jairazbhai Peerbhai. Tankar Villa was long in the 
possession of the Shroff family, its owner having been a brother 
of the well known Parsi reformer Maneckji Cursetji (1808-87)." 

Tankerville is often referred to by old writers as a prominent 
landmark, as indeed it must have been until the vicinity was 
built over. For example, Buist's Guide to Bombay (p. 171) 
says : — " The Malabar Hill ridge is partly broken across near 
Tankerville, by the deep hollow through which the public road 
passes." 

Tantanpura Street. (From Samuel Street to Nishanpara 
Road.) 

Tara Naikin's Oart. (A blind lanefrcym Kolbhat Street.) 

Presumably named after a charmer named Tara. 

Naikan "A dancing girl. This word is the feminine form 
of naik and so means either the wife of a naik or a mistress. 
But naik and naikan (or the other feminine form nayika) are 
used to denote the hero and heroine! — the lover and his mistress 
— in plays and poems, and it seems to be through this meaning 
of the word that naikan has come to be used euphemistically 
for dancing girl or courtesan." (Whitworth's Anglo-Indian 
Dictionary.) 

Tardeo Eoad. {From Gowalia Tank Road to Clerk Road and 
Warden Road Junction.) 

Named after the temple of Tardeo. Tar or. tad, palm ; and 
Deo, dev, or dewa, god. of. Tadwadi. « 

Tava Lane. {From Abdul Rehman Street to Narayan Dhuru 
Street.) 

Two suggested derivations are put forward : (1) Iron dishes 
in which to bake bread (tava) are made and sold here. (2) 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 139 

Tava*s also a Bpra surname and, as Boras reside in this locality, 
that maj possibly be the origin of the name. 

Tejpal Road. (Improvement Trust Scheme IV, Road 5 A., 
1911.) (Adjoins the Tejpal Estate.) 

» Named after Goculdas Tejpal (1822-1867), a Hindu philan- 
thropist who founded the Hospital in Carnac Road called after 
him. The Tejpal Sanskrit Boarding School and the Laxmi 
Narayan Temple, built by the Tejpal family, are along this 
Road. 

Telwadt. (From Vithalwady to Vithalwady.) 

Tel in Hindi, taila in Sanskrit, means oil — especially gingelly 
or sesame oil — from tila the sesamum seed. There are oil 
shops in the lane, and there was formerly an oil press there. 

Temker Street. (From Grant Road to Bellasis Road.) 

Mr. R. P. Karkaria writes : — So called from a Temur tree 
which grew there in past years and which some inhabitants 
told me they had seen. This tree has small leaves which when 
dried are used for making '' biddies " or native cigarettes. 
The name Temur does not occur in the list of vernacular 
names in Brandis' ' Indian Trees.' 

Thakurdwar Road. (From Girgaum Back Road to Queen's 
Road.) 

Thakurdwar is a generic name that is not uncommon. It 
means literally the door of an idol, and so an idol-house, a 
temple. The Thakurdwar at Girgaum, after which this road 
^ is called, is an interesting temple, dedicated to Rama. It is 
known as Atmaram Bawa's Thakurdwar, after the Hindu sage 
of that name (died 1836, aged 90) who built it. (da Cunha, p. 63.) 

Thana Street. (From Frere Road to Clive Road.) 

» Named after the town of Thana on the G. I. P. Railway 
near Bombay. 

Theatr^ Road. (From Hornby Road to Ravelin Street and 
Murzhan Road.) 

Named after the Novelty Theatre close by. 



140 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Thomas Street. (From Colaba Road to ihe^ East end of the 
Colaba Markets and from the above to the walls of the Gun 
Carriage factory.) ^ 

Tod Street. (From Parsi Bazaar Street to Hornby Road.) 

Ghoga Street, Fort, (q-v.) is known also as Tod Street from' 
James Tod, the Lieutenant of Police, 1779-90, who had his house 
and choiwkey here. He was for many years the first Provincial 
Grand Master of Freemasons in Bombay. v 

About this Tod, who was dismissed for corruption in 1790, 
see J. Mackintosh's Minute on Police of Bombay, apend. in 
Morley's Digest, 1851, Vol. II, page 513, of. K. P. Karkaria in 
Bombay Gazette, 7th October 1907. 

The western part of the street is also known as Bhim Street 
from the fact that a Parsi bone-setter named Bhimji lived 
here, and his descendants still practise in this street. The 
eastern part is commonly known as Murga Seri or Cock Lane. 
There is a noted well in a house there called Murga Bava's 
Well to which offerings are still made. 

Topiwalla's Wadi Street. (A blind lane from Girgaum Back 
Road eastwards.) 

Named after the owner of the Oart, Anant Shiva ji Desai, 
Topiwalla. He has a chawl there, called Topiwalla's Chawl. 

Trimbak Parshuram Street. (From Falkland Road to Bapty 
Road.) 

Trinity Street. (From Lohar Street to 1st Marine Street.) 

Named after Holy Trinity Church, of which da Cunha (Origin 
of Bombay, p. 360) gives the following account : — " Holy 
Trinity Chapel, the gift of the Hon'ble James Farish to this 
City, was constructed from 1838 to 1841 by the Kev. George 
Candy, its first minister, ordained by Bishop Carr on Trinity 
Sunday, 1838, opened for divine service in 1840 and* 
consecrated by the Rt. Rev. Daniel Wilson in 1842, at 
New Sonapur, to which was attached the Indo-British School 
for girls and boys. This Church was originally a chapel of . 
ease to the St. Thomas' Cathedral and was subsequently raised 
to the status of a District Church. This building was sold 



I 

BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. Ul 

about, ten years ago (about 1885) and a new church and the 
Indo-British Institution built in a more healthy locality on the 
eastern "part of the Esplanade (Hornby Road). The old 
buildihg is now reduced to a market. 

jTuLLocH Road. (From Lansdowne Road to Nowroji Fardunji 
Road.) 

Named after Major Hector Tulloch (born 1835) formerly (1868) 
Executive Engineer, Bombay Municipality. He took part 
in constructing the Vehar Water Works, and wrote a valuable 
work on the drainage of Bombay. 

Ulster Road. (From Parel Road to Cork Road.) 

The road was taken over from the City Improvement Trust 
on 1st August, 1906, — not a year of political excitement in 
Ireland. {See Gonn aught Road.) 

Umarkhadi. 

" Before the main breach was closed, all the ground from 
Masjid Bandar to the foot of the old Belvedere, now occupied 
by the Bhandarwada water reservoir, was swept by the sea 
running far inward. It submerged the land up to the foot of 
the Nowroji Hill, and within a few yards of the Umarkhadi 
Jail. There it formed a capacious creek resorted to by native 
craft. And the traditional time and circumstances are still 
preserved in the name of Umar khadi, which according to some 
means a mountain creek, and, according to others \dio derive 
it from Umbhar khadi, means the fig-tree creek." (da Cunha, 
p. 335.) 

Undria Street. (From Grant Road to Mustan Tank Road.) 

So called from a former Konkani Mahomedan resident 
named Isamuddin Baba Saheb Undre, whose family still 
resides there. It is also called by the inhabitants Chowky 
Moholla, from there being a Police Chowky in it. 

University Road. (From Esplanade Road to Mayo Road.) 

The road skirts the buildings and gardens of the Bombay 
University. 



f 

142 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Vachaghandi Road. (Improvement Trust Scheme IV i Road 
6, 1911.) ♦ 

There is an Agiari of this name on the road called aftel Sorabji 
Vachaghandi (1778-1857), consecrated 8th February *1858. 
(Parsi Dharmasthala, p. 148.) The Vachaghandi family was 
one of the earliest Parsi families to settle in Bombay, 
where its heads were for several generations the Modi (grain 
suppliers) of the East India Company. The oldest Tower of 
Silence, called after them Modi's Tower of Silence, was pro- 
bably built in 1672 (of. Bombay Bahar, by Vacha, pp. 296-299). 

Vacharaj Lane. (Matunga.) 

Named after one Mr. Vacharaj whose family still own a 
house in the lane. 

Valpakhadi Road. {From Mazagon Road to the Night Soil 
Depot.) 

Val, a kind of pulse or bean, pahhadi, a part of the town, 
cf. Mugbhat. 

Vanka Moholla. (Kalhadevi Road to Kolhhat Street.) 

Vanka, ' curved.' This Moholla or street has a curve in 
its course. 

Varsova Street. (From Kamatipura Bazaar Road to Kamati- 
pura Ibth Street and Bellasis Road.) 

Named after the village of Versova near Andheri (Salsette), 
the properties here being owned by the late Mr. Muljibhoy 
Jivraj, a Khoja merchant, who also owned an estate on the 
island of Mahr, opposite the sands of Versova. 

Victoria Road. (From Parel Road to Reay Road) 

Named after Queen Victoria. The Municipality took it over 
from the Port Trust in June 1897, the year of the Diamond 
Jubilee, and that event probably suggested the name. 

Vincent Road. (From Dadar Road to Sion Road.) • 

Named after a former Police Commissioner, Robert W. E. 
Hampe Vincent. The late Mr. Vincent (1841-1914) served 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 143 

in tliQ Italian Campaign of 1862 and in the following year joined 
His Majesty's tSth regiment in wliicli lie served until 1869 
when he joined the Bombay Police. He served in Bombay 
City ftntil 1883, when for six months he was Deputy Inspector- 
General of Police in Egypt, for which work he received from 
the Khedive the title of Vincent Bey. On his return to Bombay, 
• Mr. Vincent became a D. S. P. and in April 1893 he was 
appointed to be Commissioner of Police, Bombay, an office 
which he held until January 1899. He was responsible for the 
erection of the existing Head Police Office opposite Crawford 
Market, which superseded the old Headquarters at Byculla — 
now occupied by the Mounted Police. {The Times of India, 
October 15th, 1914.) 

ViTHALDAS Road. (Improvement Trust Scheme II, Road 8, 
1911.) 

Sir Vithaldas Thackersey's cloth market is on this road. 

ViTHALWADi. (From Kalhadevi Road to Sheik Memon Street.) 
Named after the temple of the Hindu god Vithoba or Vithal. 

Wad ALA Road. (From Matunga Leper Asylum to Naigam and 
Sewri Cross Road Junction.) 

Da Cunha (p. 58) explains this by identifying vadali and 
varli which latter, he says, has three derivations. (See heloiv 
under WoRLl.) 

Wadi Bunder. 

" Wadi " means in the vernacular languages, garden, and is 
probably so called from the Konkani Mussalmans who reside 
near this Bunder, as well as at Mazagon close by, having large 
gardens or " wadis " in the locality. One of these " wadis " 
must have' been on the site of this bunder. (Cf. Bombay 
City Gazetteer, Vol. I, page 255, n. 4.) This bunder is the chief 
Janding place for all kinds of country timber and other wood. 
(Vide also Wari Bunder.) 

WADiA'sb Chawl. (Chandanwady.) 

Named after the Parsi fire temple of this name which is in 
the vicinity. This fire temple, which is of the highest class, 



144 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

was consecrated in 1830 by the sons of Hormusji Bomanji 
Wadia. He was " the most prominent native citizen of Bombay 
during the first quarter of this (19th) century, and died on the 
morning of March 8, 1826, in the sixtieth year of his age? He 
was for more than thirty years associated with Forbes and 
Company. He left three sons and two daughters. He was 
the youngest brother of the builder Jamsetjee Bomanjee and ' 
of the celebrated merchant Pestonjee Bomanji, head of the 

Wadia family The family held a strong position, and 

dispensed festivity at Lowji Castle from early times." 
(Douglas : Glimpses of Old Bombay, p. 36.) 

Wadia Street. (Tardea.) 

This street (now taken over by the Municipality) was recently 
constructed by the Trustees of the estate of the late (1837-1909) 
Mr. N. M. Wadia. 



Walkeshwar Road. (From Chaupati to Government House 
Upper Gate.) 

'' Its name which is compounded of Valuka (sand) and Ishwar 
(God) and signifies the god of the sand, owes its origin to the 
legend that Rama when on his way to Lanka (Ceylon) in quest 
of Sita halted on the very spot where the Walkeshwar temple 
now stands. There he took the advice of certain Brahman 
ascetics as to what he should do in order to regain his wife 
from the clutches of Ravana, the demon king of Lanka, -and they 
advised him to raise a lingam on the spot and worship Shiva or 
Mahadeo. Rama accordingly despatched his brother Lakshman 
to Benares to bring thence a lingam of supreme potency, and 
he himself in the meantime fashioned a lingam of the sand of the 
seashore and performed over it the pranpratishta or life creating 
ceremony." (Bombay City Gazetteer, IH, 359.) , 

Wallace Street. (From Hornby Read to Marzban Road.) 

The firm of Wallace and Co. was started in Bombay in the 
'forties and moved its offices from Elphinstone Circle to its 
new building in this street in December, 1909. It wa'a shortly 
after that move that the Municipality named this newly laid 
out street aft-er the fiim. 



^ BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 145 

WAJ.TON Road. (From Colaba Causeway to Merewether Road.) 

Named afte? the late Mr. Rienzi G. Walton, Executive Engi- 
neer, 'Bombay Municipality. Vehar Lake was partly con- 
structed under him. 



Warden Road. {From Nepean Sea Road to Tardeo Road.) 

Named after JFrancis Warden, a prominent Bombay Civilian 
in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. He was Chief 
Secretary to Government for a long time and was in the Council 
from 1823-1828 when he retired and became a Director of the 
East India Company. He wrote a report in 1814 on the 
landed tenure of the City which is still valuable. This road 
is more than a century old. 

Wari Bunder Road. (Frere Road to Hancock Bridge. From 
Mazagon Road to DeLima Street.) 

Wari or Wadi (Marathi, from wad, a hedge) means an enclo- 
ure. It is the feminine form of wada and, according to Whit- 
worth's Anglo-Indian Dictionary, has the following meanings : 
an enclosed field ; a large house ; a country residence of which 
the garden is the main feature ; an enclosed hamlet distinct 
from the main village ; a rectangle of houses with the space 
enclosed. 

Waudby Road. (From Hornby Road to EsplanMe Road.) 

A marble tablet on the wall of the Alexandra Native Girls' 
Institution, at the south end of this road, bears the following 
inscription : — 

" This road is named after Major Sidney James Waudby 
who, with Private Elahi Bux and Private Sonnak Tannak, all 
of the 19th Bo. Infantry, fell on the 16th April 1880, in defence 
of the Dubrai Post in Afghanistan, which, when warned that 
an attack in force was imminent, they refused to abandon and 
most gallantly held for three hours against 300 of the enemy, 
many of whom were slain. Eventually, when all their ammu- 
nition •was expended they dashed into the midst of their foes 
and died fighting. In honour of their heroism this tablet is 
placed by the Regiment." 

10 



146 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

Wellington Lines. {Known as The Cooperage.) » 

The first Duke of Wellington was connected with Bombay 
while in India and the Bombay Government helped him' much 
with supplies, etc., during his memorable Mahratta campaign 
which ended in the victory of Assaye, 1803. Bombay citizens 
presented him with an address when he was here in 1804 on , 
his way home. (See Chap. 36," Bombay and Western India " 
by James Douglas.) 

The Wellington Fountain was erected about the year 1865 
by public subscription in memory of the Duke. " Our conscript 
fathers might have left us a gate by way of a souvenir (of the 
ramparts) instead of the nondescript things which, under the 
name of fountains, obstruct the highway, as if the names of 
Wellington and Frere were writ in water." (Bombay and 
Western India, Vol. I. p. 224.) The fountain is no longer 
permitted to satisfy the wants of the thirsty, but it at least 
perpetuates the Duke's name which is more than can be said 
for Wellington Pier, the official designation of the Apollo 
Bandar. Maclean in his guide to Bombay says it was never 
used in common parlance, and the name would long ago have 
been forgotten if it were not inscribed on the Bandar wall. 

Wilderness Road. (From Ridge Road to Nepean Sea Road.) 

From a large bungalow called Wilderness situated there, 
where formerly some Commanders-in-Chief of the Bombay 
Army, like General Warre, have resided. 

Malabar Hill, half a century ago, had only two bungalows 
built upon it — the Beehive and the Wilderness. (Maclean's 
Guide to Bombay (published in 1875, p. 309.) 

" In 1840-42 Robert Wigram Crawford's bungalow was the 
Wilderness." (Douglas : " Glimpses of Old Bombay," p. 20.) 

WiLLOUGHBY RoAD. (From Marine Lines to Queen's Road.) 
Named after General Willoughby ? ^ 

Winter Road. (From Ridge Road, a blind Road.) 

Named after Mr. Winter, solicitor, of Messrs. Presdott and 
Winter, who had a bungalow there. The road is commonly 
known as ** Graham Gali " because Messrs. W. A. Graham 



1 *• 



BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 14? 



and Oo. have long owned the principal house (Claremount) 

on it. 

WoDEHOUSE Road. (From Esplanade to Colaba Road.) 

Named after Sir Phillip Wodehouse, Governor of Bombay 
1872-1877. Born 1811, entered Ceylon Civil Service, and 
was successively Superintendent of British Honduras, Gover- 
nor of British Guiana, Governor of the Cape and High Com- 
missioner in South Africa, before coming to Bombay ; died 1887. 

Woollen Mill Gully. (From Lady Jamsetji Road to Tulsi 
Pipe Line Road.) 

Named after the mill of this name situated in this lane. 

WoRLi Road. (From junction of Ferguson and Haines Roads 
to Cleveland Road and Worli Sluice Junction.) 

" The name Varli (Worli) has three derivations, one from the 
Marathi vad, the banian tree or /icu^ indica, on account of a 
forest of this tree, once abundant on that island, with the 
termination of ali, which means an alley or village. Thus, 
vad and ali make together, a banian tree village, or 
Vadali shortened into varli. The second is connected with 
the word var, which means a boon or a blessing, and varli is 
said to have received some sort of boon from the goddess Maha- 
luxmi. The third is the Marathi varli which means " upper " 
in allusion to the northern situation of the island of Varli in 
relation to that of Bombay." (da Cunha, p. 58.) 

The first of the above explanations is said by more than one 
Marathi scholar to be untenable as the correct form, if the 
Word is to be traced to vad, would be vadali. The third expla- 
nation is said to be the most plausible. 

Wyllie Road. (From Lamington Road to Morland Road.) 

It is near the Adams Wyllie Hospital, and was given its name 
to acknowledge Mrs. Wyllie 's generous support of the Hospital 
named after her husband. 

" Mrs. Adams- Wyllie came to the assistance of the Muni- 
pality when they were sorely perplexed by the influx of famine - 
stricken immigrants in the year of the great drought, and by 



148 BOMBAY PLACE-NAMES. 

bearing the cost of erecting tlie fine new permanent hospital 
at Agripada as a memorial to her late husband, she has pro- 
vided that asylum for the destitute upcountry sick who are 
constantly attracted by the wealth and philanthropy of this 
city " (From a leading article in The Times of India, July 
22nd, 1902, on the occasion of the opening of the hospital.) 

Zaoba's Oart. (A blind lane from Dhus Wady.) 

Named after Vishwanath Vithoji Zaoba who bought this 
field, or oart-then called Ranbil Oart-in the eighteenth 
century. His great-grandson, Narayen Moroji Zaoba, lives 
near the oart which is his family's property. Vishwanath s 
grandson, Vithoba Zaoba, built a temple of Ram m the locality 
which is called Zaoba's temple. 



Printed by E. G. Pearson at the Times Press, Bombay, and published b; 
S. T. Sheppard, Bombay-eaas'i?. 



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