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Full text of "The Booklovers magazine"

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PIANOS 



obtainable upon them fascinate and sustain the interest of the beginner. 
Their elastic touch and perfect action will appeal to the musical 
student. Their noble tone and their quick response will aid 
the artist in a triumphant rendition of his classic program. 
For singers, for instrumentalists, and for home compan- 
ionship, a piano pre-eminently to be desired. 
Inspection always convinces. Prices reasonable. ^ 

The most liberal terms of payment are offered. 
Old instruments taken as part payment. 
Prospective buyers and others will find 
much to interest them. Sold by 
first-class dealers everywhere, or 
direct from the factory. 
Send for Catalogue "A." 
It costs you nothing — 
may pay you well. 




GEO. P. BE,NT 

MANUFACTURER 
BENT BLOCK, CHICAGO, U.S.A. 



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The Delightful Tones and Effects & 



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THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 




Phaie mention The BOOXLOVERS MAGAZINE when you write to adv 



THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



A BOOK OF IRRE.SISTIBLE HUMOR 




HOT WEATHE.R RE,ADING 



The Land of Joy 



By RALPH HENRY BARBOUR 

A delightful story of youth and love ($1.50) 

jT 116 1 it ^y FRANK NORRIS 

A powerful novel of a woman's love and its entanglement with a great speculation ($1.50) 



Journeys End 



By JUSTUS MILES FORMAN 



The romance of a young Englishman in New York. Exceedingly entertaining 

(Illustrated, $1.50) 



By "J. P. M.' 



The Conquering of Kate 

(Author of "A Journey to Nature ") 
A fresh and charming love story of two beautiful sisters and their Pennsylvania estate 

(Frontispiece, $1.50) 

The Misdemeanors of Nancy 

By ELEANOR HOYT 

" Nancy is dainty; she is light; she is funny. For the drowsy solitude of the 
shade-swung hammock, she will be a heaven-sent blessing." — Bookman 

(Illustrated, $1.50) 

DOUBLEDAY, PAGE ^ COMPANY, 34 Union Square, E., NEW YORK 



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THE ROOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



OljRNAME 

A GUARANTEE 



SC/PER/OMTY 



S£ND FOR 
A/£W CATALOGUE 
'^PERFECTION IN 
THREE-COLORS" 




Plgaie mtntion The BooKLOVERS MAGAZINE when you write to advertiten 



THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 




The "June'' Prize Competition 

Winning Advertisements and Answers 

FULL PAGE ADVERTISEMENT 

Best Full Page Advertisement: The N. K. Fairbank Co., Chicago, 111., " Fairy Soap." 

First Prize $100, von by J. Macdonald Oxley, 34 Huntley St., Toronto, Canada. 

Prize Winner's Answer: "By appealing to the universal love for a bewitching baby it wins our 

pleased attention." 
Second Prize $25, von by Mrs. W. G. Stimpson, U. S. Marine Hospital, San Francisco, Cal. 
Prize Winner's Ansver: " By choosing so potent an advocate Fairy Soap attrar<:s and interests the 

most casual observer." 
Third Prize $10, von by Miss May W. Arms, 1408 M St., N.W., Washington, D. C. 
Prize Winner's Ansver: " The irresistible charm of the one fairy calls attention to the virtues of the 

othev." 

HALF PAGE ADYERTISEHENT 

Best Half Page Advertisement: Farrand Organ Co., Detroit, Mich., "The Cecilian Piano Player." 

First Prize $50, von by Miss Adelaide S. Rinck, 127 Quitman Street, Newark, N. J. 

Prize Winner's Ansver: " It presents most clearly and impressively all the points regarding which 

prospective buyers desire information." 
Second Prize $15, von by C, F. Hooper, Kentville, Nova Scotia. 
Prize Winner's Ansver: " The six-fingered hand grasps the attention, the points then tell the story 

briefly and convincingly," 
Third Prize $10, von by Louise McVey, 116 Prospect Avenue, Binghamton, N. Y. 
Prize Winner's Ansver: " Six fingers on one hand attract attention to the six clearly demonstrated 

points of superiority." 

QUARTER PAGE ADYERTISEHENT 

Best Quarter Page Advertisement : Arctic Ice Blanket Co., Springfield, Mass., "Arctic Ice Blanket." 

First Prize $25, von by Thos. S. Clark, 31 Prospect Street, Cortland, N. Y. 

Prize Winner's Ansver: "A practical lesson in economy, simply taught and clearly illustrated," 

Second Prize $10, von by Chas. A. Blair, 1502 Lill Avenue, Chicago, 111, 

Prize Winner's Ansver: " Most opportune to our need and very graphically depicted." 

Third Prize $5, von by R. K. Roscoe, 711 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Prize Winner's Ansver: "What housekeeper can resist an argument which saves 50 per cent. ? " 



NOTE. — As announced in the June number the Best Advertisement Contest is withdrawn for July 
and August. We shall have something special to say to our readers in September. 

THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE, 1323 Walnut SI., Philadelphia 

(Copyright igoj) 



THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



FOR SUMMER READING 



THIRD EDITION 

AT THE TIME APPOINTED 

By A. MAYNARD BARBOUR 
Author of "THAT MAINWARING AFFAIR," now in its Ninth Edition 

" Clean, interesting, sensational, and at no time immoral, even in 
far off suggestion. A climax of excitement." — St. Louis Star. 

''A study in character, and a very unusual and original love 
story." — St. Paul Dispatch. 

"Vivid in its characterizations. . . . and thrilling in its dramatic 
situations." — IVashington Evening Star. 

"A highly romantic story, full of thrilling adventure and sentiment. 
. . . The author has a fine, forceful style, his sentiment is tender, . . . 
and the situations and episodes are full of interest to the end." — 
Milwaukee Evening PFisconsin. 

Frontispiece. 12mo, decorated cloth, $ 1. 50 

THE TRUE ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

By WILLIAM E. CURTIS, Author of "THE TRUE THOMAS JEFFERSON" 

With many portraits and facsimiles, etc. 
8¥0, cloth. $2.00, net; postpaid, $2. 13. 

*'An authoritative picture and intensely personal biography of the 
greatest American. It is illuminating, instructive, and loftily enter- 
taining. — Philadelphia North American. 

*' So filled with the characteristic sayings and doings of Lincoln 
that it may be read with a relish." — St. Louis Republic. 



A TAR-HEEL BARON 

By 
HABELL SHIPPIE CLARKE PELTON 

"One of the most unique and at the 
same time lovable characters in recent 
fiction. An unprecedented realistic pic- 
ture of the Tar-Heel region." — Augusta 
{Ga.) Herald. 

Illustrated by Edward Stratton Holloway 
Buckram, extra, postpaid, $1.50 



PIGS IN CLOVER 

By FRANK DANBY 

J. O. G. Duffy, Literary Editor of 
Philadelphia Press ^ says : "I have read 
with much attention and absorbed inter- 
est Frank Danby's novel. She has told 
the strange, eventful history of poor Joan 
de Groot with such power and vividness 
that it became to me in the reading as if it 
were a personal concern, and moved me 
to an uncommon degree." 

Postpaid, $1.50 



Publishers J. B. LiPPINCOTT CO. Philadelphia 



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THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 




If you will listen attentively you will always hear the profound 
diapason of the great Fall, — ^that surnamed the Horse-Shoe, — 
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Fall, this mightier and still more marvelous Horse Shoe steals it 
away again with irresistible fascination. Edwin Arnold 

The above view of the falls fs taken from Falls Station of the Michigan Central 

Send 3 red stamps for illustrated Niagara Book, 
2 for Summer Tours 

O. W. RUGGLES, G. P. & T. A., Department P, CHICAGO 



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beyond equalized, sent "On 
Approval," to be returned at 
our expense if not the best all 
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ever sold at the price. (Ask for 
Catalogue No. AF-2. ) 

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Grand Rapids, Micli. 

Makers of High-Grade 

Desks, Cabinets, Card Indexes, 
Leather Rockers, Bookcases, etc. 

Branches : 

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Chica^'o, 152 Wabash Ave. 

Boston, 178 Federal St. 

Philadelphia, 13th and Market Sts 








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Fall Term opens September j 



HueBlElAKE 

^S^ John Rr 



Uhe New Route to the Far=Famed Saguenay 

And the only rail route to the delightful Summer ReSOrtS 

and Fishing Grounds north of Quebec and to 

Lake St. John and Chicoutimi, through 

the Canadian Adirondaciis. 

Trains connect at Chicoutimi with Sapruenay steamers for Tadousac, Caconnn, 
Murray Bay, and Quebec. A round trip unequalled lu America, through niatch- 
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Hotel Roberval, Lake St. John, has accommodation for 300 guests. Oolf links 
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GrandMere and the CKL^;BRATED SIIAWINIGAN FALLS, the NIAGARA of 
the EAST. Apply to ticket SKcnts of all principal cities. A beautifully Illus- 
trated guide book free on a)>pllcatlon. ALKX. HARDY, Gen. Tass. Agent, 
J. G. SCOTT, General Manager, Quebec, Can. 



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THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



America's Greatest Illustrated Paper 

The Pioneer of Illustrated Journalism 

Leslie's Weekly 

Founded in 1853 by the late Frank Leslie — and today the best up-to-date 
illustrated newspaper m America. For sale on All Railroad Trains and 
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READ JASPER'S HINTS TO MONEY-MAKERS 



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Ask Your Newsboy for a Copy, Ten Cents 



JUDGE'S 

LIBRARY, QUARTERLY, AND 

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For Sale on All News Stands 



JUDGE CO., 225 Fourth Ave., New York 



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SAFEGUARD 



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Main Factoriea and Executive OfficeF, Rochester, N.Y, 



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Masterpieces of Poetry 



Extremely entertaining and delightful is this 
book of the most beautiful poetical gems ever 
written. Maynard & von Buhlow's New Col- 
lection of the Greatest Masterpieces of Poetry in 
Existence. All new and of transcendent merit 
and charm. " The Song and Violin," "Said 
the Rose," "When I Am Dead," "For 
Love's Sweet Sake," "Love" (the most 
exquisite poem ever written), "In Kentucky," 
"The Beyond," "My Belief," " If I Should 
Lose You," " It Never Comes Again," "A 
Woman's Question," "IkeWalden's Prayer," 
"Otto and His Auto," "Newly Wedded," 
"Ideal Memory," and 40 more unequalled 
and unapproached gems of art by the most 
gifted writers and speakers. An all-gem col- 
lection of matchless readings, recitations, and 
declamations. Worth many times the price. 
Sent postpaid to any address on receipt of price, 
$1.25. Address the Publishers, 

The Literary Gem Publishing Co. 



WASHINGTON C. 



H.. OHIO. 



Bound Volumes 



of 



The Booklovers Magazine 

January to June, 1903 
Price $2.00 Expressage Prepaid 



With the June number THE BOOKLOVERS 
MAGAZINE completed its first volume. 

We have now ready 500 sets (only) contain- 
ing the full six numbers, from January to June 
Inclusive. They are bound in handsome red 
buckram, and the price is purely nominal. 

We cannot bind up any more because we 
haven't the magazines. The volumes now 
ready were made up from the magazines held 
in reserve for binding purposes. First come 
first served will consequently be the rule. 

NOTE. — An Index will be furnished on application to 
those who wish to bind their own volumes. 



The Booklovers Magazine 

1323 Walnut Street, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 




B99KLQVER5 

MAGAZINE 



/Jttvcrfisinj J)eparCmer\'f 



Advertising Rates 

One Page, one time, $125.00 

Half Page, one time, 62.50 

Quarter Page, one time, 31.25 

Advertisements less than 14 lines not accepted 

Discounts 

A discount of 10% is allowed 
when three pages or more 
are used within one year. 



The Booii,toVers Magazine is Published by 
The Library Publishing Company at 1323 Walnut 
St., Philadelphia, twelve times a year, on the 25th 
of each month. The Magazine is of standard size. 



Western Office, Marquette Building, Chicago 
Newhfork Office, 9l4 Broadway 



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THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



Canadian Pacific Railway 

The Coolest Summer Resorts 

are those reached by the 

Canadian Pacific Railway 

Seashore, Great Lakes, Rocky 
Mountains, and Pacific Coast 



Any agent of the Canadian Pacific Railway will furnish full information as to these delightful hot 
weather retreats. 

Ask about the Imperial Limited 
ROBERT KERR : : : Passenger Traffic Manager : : MONTREAL 



Goat Lrymph Treatment 

If you are afflicted with neurasthenia (nervous prostration) , 
chronic articular rheumatism, locomotor ataxia, paralysis, 
hemiplegia, epilepsy, or any of the troubles incident to real 
or premature old age, you will find a cure in the goat lymph 
treatment. Ample proof of this assertion is given in our new 
magazine, a copy of which will be mailed on request. It 
contains a complete explanation of the treatment, tells how it 
may be obtained, the method of administration, etc. In writ- 
ing give street number, or post-office box. If desired sent 
sealed, remit 6 cents. 

Goat Lymph Sanitarium Association 

GILBERT WHITE. M.D., Medical Director 

Western Offices Eastern Offices 

27-8=9 Auditorium Building No. 17 East 32d Street 

CHICAGO NEW YORK 

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THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 




^^y"^ -/f"-^. a^.otu^^^ ^s^-^-tr* 



COLORADO 

The land of blue sky and perfect weather, the region of lofty 
mountains and picturesque valleys, where there is always 
vigor in the air and tonic in the breezes, where it is a joy to be 
alive. This is the entrancing region to which you are invited 
by the 

Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul 



and 

Union Pacific Line 

Low rates for travel, moderate charges for board, and excellent train service, 
Chicago to Denver, are some of the advantages offered you. A postal card 
will bring complete information. 

E. L. Lomax F. A. Miller 

General Passenger and Ticket Agent General Passenger Agent 

Union Pacific Railroad Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway 

Omaha, Neb. Chicago 



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iteft & 



Music comes with the Chase & Baker Piano 
Player. No long years of tedious instruction 
are necessary. You play at once, and you play well. 
Agents in all big cities. 

THE CHASE 6 BAKER COMPANY 

BUFFALO, N. Y. 

T^ew York Warerooms: 236 Fifth Ave. 




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LANGUAGE-PHONE METHOD 

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Send for testimonials, booklet, and letter telling all about 
this 20th-century scientific marvel. A postal will do. 

INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF LANGUAGES, 1 102 Helropolitan Bldt.. New York City 



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Send us your order, describing what you want us to clip, enclose 

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I 100 NEW HOUSE PLANS ♦ 




This is a new book issued under the 
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Kvery one thinkitiK of buildiuy: should 
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any address or receipt of price. 



"The Man in the Street" Stories j 



THE MAN IN THE STREET 
STORIES 



\ From 

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Patterns of This Paris Dress Free 



Special Offer 

TO introduce L'Art de la Mode 
to new readers we will send it 
for four months to any one not 
now a subscriber on trial on receipt 
of only One Dollar. 

To every person who sends us one 
dollar for a trial subscription to L' Art 
DE LA Mode we will send free the 
pattern of either the bolero (includ- 
ing sleeve) or of the skirt of this 
charming Paris model. 

Or upon receipt of $1.50 we will 
send L'Art de la Mode for four 
months and send the pattern of both 
bolero (with sleeve) and skirt. We 
do this to introduce our unequalled 
patterns and fashion book to those 
who do not now know them. 

L'ART DE 
LA MODE 

The leading author- 
ity on all matters of 

Fashion in Dress 
Etiquette, etc. 
Advance Styles 
Correct Styles 
Perfect Patterns 
Beautiful Colored 
Plates 

Regular price, 35 cents 
single number; $3.50 
a year. 




The Paris model of this design is in pale blue voile, with Venise point 
lace and black velvet discs. 

Our regular price for this pattern would be $i.?o for the skirt; $i for 
the bolero; $.50 for the sleeve. If you wish to know how to obtain this 
pattern free read this page through. 



The Morse- Broughton Co. 

Publishers of L 'Art de la Mode, 

Makers of Highest Grade Patterns, 

Importers of Crinoline Models 

3 East 19th Street New York 



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Immediate Relief 
GUARANTEED 

THE WILSON HAY 
FEVER DISKS 
placed in the nasal 
passages give 
AbSOiutB Protection against dust and 
pollen without Impairing the respiration. The 



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FEVER 

Patented 1901. 



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are adjustable to any nose. Invisible and perfectly comfortable. 
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Price $i.50 per pair, posfpaldm 

OUR UNQUALIFIED GUARANTEE: - If after testing the 
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refund your money in full. Your me e word stall decide. 
Thousands sold last vear and onlv six returned. 

ORDER NOW (stipulating the above guarantee) or If you 
prefer, send first for explanatory BOOKLET FREE; gives full 
description, statements from leading medical journals, phy- 
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relieved t^ufferers. 

WILSON HAY FEVER DISK CO. 

41 STATE ST , ROOM 43 CHICAGO, ILL. 



In happy homes, wherever found. 

One hears the Wasiiburn's merry sound 

THEY PLAY 

WASHBURN 




Mandolins 

Guitars A^" BANJOS. 

Unequaled for Tone, Durability 
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We will gladly send free a beautiful Art 
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dolin" if you will send us your address on 
a postal card. 

LYON & HEALY, '^d^^d'^l^'- 

The World'* Larfcat Xule Uooae. Bell* *'Evei7thiiiK Known In Motle.** 



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vance in price or for investment. 

EMPIRE SECURITIES CORPORATION 
27 William Street, NEW YORK 



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t 



CROSSLEY 



ARUSO 




The Improved 
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with the New Tapering Arm 

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New Haven — Henry Horton. 

Denver— Denver Music Co. 

Cincinnati — Rudolph Wurlitier Co. 

Philadelphia— Western Electric Co. 

Philadelphia- Pcnn Phonograph Co. 

Baltimore— H. R. Eisenbrandt Sons. 

Buffalo— P. A. Powers. 




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St. Louis — Victor Talking Machine, Ltd. 

St. Li)uis — Uimmous hardware Co. 

Dubuque — Harger & Blish. 

San Krancisco — Sherman. Clay & Co. 

St. Paul— Koehler & Hinrichs. 

Milwaukee — Huseby Co. 

Indianapolis — Carlin & Lennox. 

Lincoln — Wiitmann Co. 

Omaha — A. Hospe. 

Pittsburg— E. G.Hays& Co. 

Pittsburg— Theo .F . Bentel Co., Ino. 

Detroit— GriunellBroii. 

Schenectady — J. A.Rickard & Co. 

Louisville — Victor Co. 

Grand Rapids — Julius A. J. Friedrich. 

New Orleans — Nat" 1 Automatic Fire Alarm do, 

Atlanta— Phillips* Crew Co. 

Savannib — Toumaas & Leete. 



Victor Talking Machine Co. Philadelphia 



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The Booklovers Magazine 



Vol, II JULY, 1903 No. I 



Table of Contents 

Possibilities of the Negro: The Advance Guard of the Race 

JV. E. Burghardt Du Rots 

Portraits in tint of Booker T. Washington, Granville T. Woods, Daniel H. 
Williams, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Edward H. Morris, Charles Waddell 
Chesnutt, Kelly Miller, Francis James Grimke, Paul Laurence Dunbar, 
W. E. Burghardt Du Bois 3 

Bret Harte : Romancer, Poet, Parodist 

With portraits and other illustrations 

Bret Harte and the Argonauts Albert E. Hancock 17 

Tennessee's Partner (Reprinted) 'Bret Harte 17 

Portrait of S. Weir Mitchell, by John s. Sargent 33 

Pictures and Art Talk 34 

The Sun: Is it Heaven? 

Illustrated George tV . Warder 49 

The London Zoo : A Study in Animal Photography 

Illustrated by special photographs 63 

Artistic Aspects of the Modern Office Building 

With eleven full-page illustrations Albert W . Barker 75 

A Parliament of Education 

With portrait George Perry Morris 89 

The Best New Things from the World of Print 93 



Entered December 31, 1902, at Philadelphia, as second class matter, under Act of Congress, March j, 1879 



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F'^cm photograph bv Gutekunst 



BOOKER T. WASHINGTON 




EfiRO 



It is usually considered that Negroes are 
today contributing practically nothing of 
importance to American civilization; that 
only one or two individuals of Negro blood 
have so risen above the average of the 
nation as rightly to be judged men of mark. 
Nor is this assumption to be wondered at, 
for in the world of work men are not 
labeled by color. When, then, the aver- 
age American rushes to his telephone there 
is nothing in the look of the transmitter 
to tell him that it is part product of a Negro 
brain ; when the whizz of the engine 
weaves cloth, drags trains, and does other 
deeds of magic, it does not tell the public 
that the oil which smooths its turning is 
the composition of a black man ; if the 
medical student reads in DaCosta of the 
skilled surgeon who recently sewed up a 
hole in a living man's heart he will not 
read that the surgeon was colored ; the 
wanderer amid the beauties of the Luxem- 
burg is not apt to know from the dark 
hues of the "Raising of Lazarus" the still 
darker hues of its painter; and it was a 
Texas girl who naively remarked : "I used 
to read Dunbar a good deal until I found 
out that he was a nigger." 

Such ignorance of the work of black 
men is natural. A man works with his 
hands and not with his complexion, with 
his brains and not with his facial angle ; 
and the result of his work is human achieve- 
ment and not necessarily a " social prob- 
lem." Thus his work becomes gathered 
up and lost in the sum of American deeds, 
and men know little of the individual. 
Consequently the average American, accus- 



tomed to regarding black men as the outer 
edge of humanity, not only easily misses 
seeing the colored men who have accom- 
plished something in the world common to 
both races, but also misses entirely the 
work of the men who are developing the 
dark and isolated world of the black man. 

So here I am seeking to bring to mind 
something of what men of African blood 
are today doing in America, by selecting 
as types ten living Negroes who in abil- 
ity and quite regardless of their blacK. blood 
have raised themselves to a place distinct- 
ively above the average of mankind. Just 
how far they have risen I am not attempt- 
ing to say, for human accomplishment is a 
thing difficult to judge; and peculiarly diffi- 
cult in the case of people whose ability 
and worth is a matter of hot questioning 
between friends who exaggerate and foes 
who persistently belittle. I do not say, 
then, how much of genius or transcendent 
ability these men have; I do say that meas- 
ured by any fair standard of human accom- 
plishment they are distinctively men of 
mark, and that they all have enough black 
blood in their veins to disfranchise them 
in Alabama. 

Of the fields of endeavor conspicuously 
open to Americans there are four chief 
groups: the field of commerce and indus- 
try, in which this land has gained world- 
wide preeminence; the field of political life, 
in the governing of a continent and seventy 
millions under republican forms; the field 
of the learned professions — law, medicine, 
preaching, and teaching; and, finally, the 
paths of literature and art, as expressive of 



The Booklovers Magazine 



the mighty hfe of a new world. In these 
four lines of striving the men I notice 
work. 

In commerce and industry the Negro 
started as the dumb-driven tobacco-hand 
and cotton raiser — the bottom of the sys- 
tem, without apparent initiative or mechan- 
ical ingenuity. Yet today partial records 
of the United States Patent Office show 
that 357 patents are known to have been 



apparatus, four electric railway improve- 
ments, two electric brakes, a telephone 
system, a battery, and a tunnel construc- 
tion for electric roads. His telephone 
transmitter was assigned to the Bell Tele- 
phone Company, and is in use by them. 
Many of his other inventions have found 
wide currency, as for instance, the electri- 
cal controller system used on the Manhat- 
tan Elevated Railway. Mr. Woods was 




From photograph by Eddovjes "Brothers 

GRANVILLE T. WOODS 

ELECTRICIAN 



granted Negroes, covering all fields of 
mechanical contrivances. Foremost among 
living Negro inventors are Woods and 
McCoy. The latter is the pioneer in the 
matter of machinery lubricators; the for- 
mer is a skilled electrician. Granville T. 
Woods has patented thirty-five devices; 
they began with a steam boiler furnace in 
1884, and include four kinds of telegraphing 



born forty-four years ago, and although he 
had his difficulties, yet a man with so rare 
a gift of mechanical ingenuity could hardly 
be kept back by the handicap of color. 

On the other hand, in the world of com- 
merce and business, where men work elbow 
to elbow and come in close personal touch, 
there is room for the very effective bar of 
race prejudice, especially on account of the 



The Booklovers Magazine 



large part conscious selection plays. A 
business man may be looking for talent, 
but he does not look for it in his black 
office boy or porter; and even if signs of it 
appear, he is usually certain that he must 
be deceived — that it is the " imitative " gift 
onlv. Consequently the Negro, being a 
small consumer, is almost shut out of the 
white business system, and can only enter 
the business field among his own people, 



bellum times drove them out of business 
and gave their sons no opportunity to enter 
the new system save as menials. Today it 
is the small retail business and cooperative 
enterprise of various kinds that is open- 
ing new fields which the Negro is entering. 
In 1 88 1 a Virginia Negro organized a 
mutual benefit insurance society in Rich- 
mond, with a capital of $150 and one 
hundred members. Today the "True 




Photograph hy Gilbert and Bacon 

EDWARD H. MORRIS 

LAWYER 



and then in the face of ruthless and skilled 
competition. For such reasons the Negro 
business man has developed slowly, and 
has onlv reached conspicuous success in 
cases where special circumstances gave him 
a chance to stand against competition. 
The skill of the Philadelphia and New 
York caterers gave them a chance before 
the war, but the large capitalism of post- 



Reformers," under the presidency of Mr. 
W.L.Taylor, the successor of the originator, 
has 50,000 members and $223,500 in real 
estate; it has paid $2,000,000 in insurance 
claims, and has established, besides its mnin 
business, a bank, a real estate department, 
a weekly newspaper, an Old Folks' Heme, 
five grocery and general merchandise stores, 
and a hotel. Such a phenomenal growth, 




From photograph hy Gutekunst 



HENRY OSSAWA TANNER 

ARTIST 



The Booklovers Magazine 



when one considers the material and the 
opportunity, means unusual ability of man- 
agement ; and it seems fair to rate the 
president and chief director of this remark- 
able business as a person of more than 
average ability according to any standard. 
To be sure, the organization has undoubt- 
edly stormy times ahead, and yet it is 
already over twenty years of age, and 
weathered with conspicuous success the 
storm of 1893. -The savings bank depart- 
ment was opened in 1889 with $4000 
capital. Today the bank has 10,000 
depositors, and had done a business up 
to December, 1900, of $7,426,450.92. 
The real estate department was estab- 
lished in 1882. It now owns fifteen 
halls, three farms, two dwellings, and one 
hotel, and holds fourteen halls on lease. 
The Reformer, whxch. is their weekly paper, 
has a circulation of 8000 copies. A farm 
for the Old Folks' Home has been bought 
for Si 4,000, and a small town, laid out. 
The latest department is the mercantile 
and industrial association ; this association 
conducts stores in Richmond, Washington, 
Manchester, Portsmouth, and Roanoke, 
and these stores did a combined business 
of $75,000 in 1901. They are rated as 
" O. K." by the mercantile agencies, and 
are on a strictly cash basis. 

Turning now to the field of political and 
social activity we may note a long line of 
Negroes conspicuous in the past, beginning 
with Toussaint L'Ouverture, American by 
influence if not by birth, and going past 
Alexander Hamilton, whose drop of African 
fire quite recently sent Mrs. Atherton into 
hysterics, down to Purvis, Nell, Douglass, 
and Bruce. All these are dead, and today, 
strange as the assertion may seem, the 
leading Negro political leader is Booker T. 
Washington. Mr. Washington is not a 
teacher; he has spent little time in the 
class-room; he is not the originator or 
chief exponent of the educational system 
which he so fervently defends. He is pri- 
marily the political leader of the New 
Commercial South, and the greatest of 
such leaders since Appomattox. His ability 
has been shown not so much in his educa- 
tional campaign, nor in his moral earnest- 
ness, as in the marvelous facility by which 
he has so manipulated the forces of a 
strained political and social situation as to 
bring about among the factors the greatest 



consensus of opinion in this country since 
the Missouri Compromise. He has done 
this by applying American political and 
business methods to an attempted solution 
of the Negro problem. Realizing the great 
truth that the solution of this vexed ques- 
tion demands above all that somehow, 
sometime, the southern whites and blacks 
must agree and sympathize with each 
other, Mr. Washington started to adver- 
tise broadly his proposed basis of agreement 
so that men might understand it. With 
this justification, he advertised with a thor- 
oughness that astonished the nation. At 
the same time he kept his hand on the 
pulse of North and South, advancing with 
every sign of good will and generosity, and 
skilfully retreating to silence or shrewd 
disclaimer at any sign of impatience or 
turmoil. The playing of this game has 
been simply wonderful, the success phenom- 
enal. To be sure not all men like the 
outcome, not all men fail to see the terrible 
dangers of this efifort at compromise. Some 
have felt it their duty to speak strongly 
against Mr. Washington's narrow educa- 
tional program, and against the danger of 
his apparent surrender of certain manhood 
rights which seem to be absolutely essen- 
tial to race development and national weal ; 
and above all, against his failure to speak a 
strong, true note for justice and right ; but 
all this is beside the object of this paper. 
Of Mr. Washington's great ability as a 
politic leader of men there can scarce be 
two opinions. He is manifestly one of 
the greatest living southerners, and one of 
the most remarkable of Americans. 

It must not be thought that with this 
new political leadership the old political 
activity has stopped. The Negro is not 
eliminated from politics and never will be; 
he is simply passing through a new phase 
of the exercise of his political power. Here 
and there in the legislation of the land his 
work and influence may still be felt. It has 
been said several times in various places 
that the keenest and, in many respects, 
the most able member of the last Illinois 
legislature was a Negro lawyer, Edward H. 
Morris. Mr. Morris represented the rich- 
est legislative district in Illinois, the First ; 
on some occasions he presided over the 
deliberations of the House ; he was chair- 
man of the important committee on elec- 
tions, member of five or six of the other 



The Booklovers Magazine 



leading committees, and also a member of 
the steering committee of the Republican 
party. Born in Kentucky forty-five years 
ago, he was admitted to the bar at the age 
of twenty-one, and since then, in the severe 
competition of a great city, handicapped 
by color, he has become one of the strong 
members of the western bar, with a prac- 
tice of at least $20,000 a year. Many 
people will qualify their admiration for the 



of the civil-rights legislation, his winning 
of the suit between Cook County and the 
city of Chicago, and also of the test case 
over the taxation of the net receipts on 
insurance companies. 

Continuing in the field of the learned 
professions it should be noted that no 
single sign of Negro progress has been of 
such marked significance as the rise of the 
Negro physician in the last ten years. The 




Photograph by Scott 



DANIEL H. WILLIAMS 

SURGEON 



unquestionable ability of Mr. Morris by a 
wish that he was less closely identified with 
the Chicago political machine, or that his 
great skill as a lawyer had not been used 
to free tax-collector Gunning from the toils 
of the law, or to draw up that marvel of 
ingenuity, the Illinois municipal ownership 
bill. On the other hand, Mr. Morris may 
point with real satisfaction to his defence 



really striking fact about the recent post- 
of^fice case at Indianola was the driving out 
of a successful Negro physician, who was 
crowding the white physicians to the wall, 
at the same time with the post-mistress. 
It was but a short time ago that a Negro 
led his class at the Harvard Medical School, 
and another one in Philadelphia passed the 
best medical examination in many years 



The Booklovers Magazine 



under the State authorities. By far the 
most conspicuous of Negro physicians, for 
his skill as a surgeon and his unique con- 
tributions to science, is Dr. Daniel H. 
WiHiams, of Chicago. Dr. Williams, 
born in Pennsylvania in 1858, is attend- 
ing surgeon to the Cook County and 
Provident hospitals in Chicago, and was 
formerly at the head of the Freedman's 
Hospital in Washington. In 1893 Dr. 



suture ever recorded." So said the Med- 
ical Record, of March 27, 1897. The case 
attracted the attention of the medical 
world, as have several other cases of Dr. 
Williams. It was only last summer that 
the Charlotte Medical Journal of North 
Carolina published a violent article against 
Negro physicians, stating that the formation 
of the Negro head was such that they could 
never hope to gain efficiency in such a pro- 

























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Photograph by Edmondson 



CHARLES WADDELL CHESNUTT 

NOVELIST 



Williams operated upon a stab wound of 
the heart which had pierced the pericar- 
dium ; the operation was successful, and 
the patient was known to be alive three 
years afterward. "Official records do not 
give a single title descriptive of suture of 
the pericardium or heart in the human 
subject. This being the fact, this case is 
the first successful or unsuccessful case of 



fession. About the same time the editors, 
Doctors Register and Montgomery, were 
writing the following letter to Dr. Williams 
in blissful ignorance of his race : 

"We have just read a paper of yours 
entitled 'A Report of Two Cases of 
Cesarean section under Positive Indications 
with Termination in Recovering' that was 
recently published in Obstetrics. You are 




From photograph by Scurlock 



PROFESSOR KELLY MILLER 

MATHEMATICIAN 



The Booklovers Magazine 



11 



an attractive writer. Is it possible for us 
to get you to do a little editorial writing 
for us?" 

Turning now to the professions of 
teaching and preaching we must expect 
here a limited development in certain 
directions: for the Negro teacher is almost 
invariably confined in his work to Negro 
schools where the pay is small, the tasks 
excessive, and the grades low. No matter 
how much promise a Negro student may 
show, the path of scholarship is closed to 
him in most cases : he can practically never 
be made assistant or tutor with time for 
study and research. Thus a man like 
Kelly Miller can only by dint of extra- 
ordinary exertion rise above the average of 
teachers. He was born two years after 
the Emancipation Proclamation, and early 
showed even in the wretched country 
schools of South Carolina a mathematical 
mind of unusual keenness ; but few careers 
are open to a Negro in mathematics, be he 
ever so skilful. To be sure, he studied at 
the Naval Observatory and in the post- 
graduate school of Johns Hopkins— politely 
unwelcomed. Eventually he became a 
professor in Howard University — at a small 
salary, with much work, and in a position 
where prospective revenue from students 
did not attract text-publishers to his really 
good work in mathematics. Despite all 
this he rose slowly, steadily — as a writer on 
mathematical subjects, as a student of race 
problems, as a social leader of that group 
of 90,000 black folk at the nation's capital, 
who are in many respects the advance 
guard of nine millions. His subtle, force- 
ful articles have been read in the Forum, 
the Outlook, and the Dial; his voice and 
peculiar power of argument and expression 
have been heard before many noted clubs 
and gatherings, and his recent monograph 
for the United States Bureau of Education 
is of exceptional value. Far beyond, how- 
ever, this record of tangible work stands 
the forceful personality of a clean-hearted, 
clear-witted man — an inspirer of youth, a 
leader of his people, and one who is 
coming slowly to be recognized as a not- 
able American. 

The Negro in this land has produced 
many ministers of religion of considerable 
power, from Richard Allen and James 
Varick to Lemuel Haynes and Highland 
Garnett. But I have chosen as typifying 



the Negro minister, not one of its forceful 
orators and organizers — one of that pecu- 
liar dynasty of the socio-religious Negro 
church who have built up this powerful 
organization — but rather a moral regener- 
ator, an inspirer of ideal Christian living, 
such as the world, even in its most callous 
days, has ever recognized and honored. 
Of such sort were Daniel Payne, the Little 
Father of a million African Methodists, 
and Alexander Crummell, the master 
Christian. These have passed, and their 
mantle of moral earnestness and impecca- 
ble character falls worthily on Francis J. 
Grimke. In Washington there stands a 
small red church on Fifteenth Street, well 
worth your visiting. It was one of the 
earliest tangible protests of the better part 
of the Negro world against noise and emo- 
tionalism in religion. The children of its 
founders and their children's children have 
worshiped here until it has grown to be in 
a special sense the moral center of black 
Washington. Here, if you sit of a Sunday 
morning, you will see immediately the per- 
fect earnestness and moral fervor of the 
tall, thin preacher whose stern, carved 
lineaments are so impressive; and you will 
hear a simple, clear-cut sermon with fear- 
less conclusions. It will be easy for you 
to see the influence for goodness and truth 
and purity that now for full twenty-one 
years has gone forth from these lips and 
out from these low doors ; perhaps some 
time in life you may learn how the influ- 
ence of this one man, and of her whom 
God joined to him, has in the course of 
half a century of life, through the medium 
of a pure home, a righteous church, and 
unquestioned personal integrity, so built 
itself into the lives and hearts of a myriad 
of men and women as to make the world 
visibly better for their living. 

The late Dr. McCosh considered Mr. 
Grimke, when studying at Princeton, ''as 
able and promising a student as any we 
had," and the same kind of testimony has 
followed his life work as pastor, as school 
commissioner of the District of Columbia, 
as trustee of Howard University, and as 
preacher at Hampton and Tuskegee. "I 
do not really know whether I have done 
anything worth mentioning or not," he 
said once; "I have thought of but one 
thing — the work, in which I have been 
deeply, profoundly interested. I have 



12 



The Booklovers Magazine 



longed with all my heart to be of service 
to our poor, struggling race, and have 
labored as best I could to help it in the 
effort which it is making to rise. No one 
has felt more keenly than I have the wrongs 
that have been perpetrated upon us and 
are still being perpetrated upon us in this 
country. In spite of all the tremendous 
odds against us, I am not disposed, how- 
ever, to become despondent. I have faith 



faintest doubt as to the outcome, if we will 
trust in God and do our level best." So 
are the souls tuned who will yet make the 
Negro race the salt of this poor earth. 

Thus we have striven in the world of 
work. But the Negro, as the world has 
yet to learn, is a child of the spirit, tropical 
in birth and imagination, and deeply sensi- 
tive to all the joy and sorrow and beauty 
of hfe. His message to the world, when 




Photograph by Tiice 



FRANCIS JAMES GRIMKE 

CLERGYMAN 



it comes in fullness of speech and conscious 
power, will be the message of the artist, 
not that of the politician or shop-keeper. 
Already now, and in the past, have flashed 
faint forerunners, half-conscious of the 
message in them, choked at times by its 
very fervor: Phillis, the crude singer. 
It is in this faith that I am living and Aldridge, the actor, Burleigh, and Rosa- 
moving and working. I have not the mond Johnson. Over the sea the masters 



in God; faith in the race; and faith in the 
ultimate triumph of right. 

' Be strong ! 
It matters not how deep entrenched the wrong, 
How hard the battle goes, the day, how long. 
Faint not, fight on ! Tomorrow comes the song.' 



The Booklovers Magazine 



13 



have appeared — Poushkin and Dumas and 
Coleridge Taylor — aye, and Robert Brown- 
ing, of whose black blood the world but 
whispers. Here in America three artists 
have risen to places of recognized import- 
ance — Dunbar, the poet; Chesnutt, the 
novelist ; and Tanner, the painter. 

Widely different are these men in origin 
and method. Dunbar sprang from slave 
parents and poverty; Chesnutt from free 



a year for scribbling about black folk ? Of 
the dozens of colored men who, if encour- 
aged, might have thought and painted and 
sung, these three alone pressed on, refus- 
ing lightly to be turned aside. 

So out of the heart of Dunbar bubbled 
the lyrics of lowly life — in inimitable rhythm 
and beauty, with here and there a tinge of 
the sorrow songs. Tanner painted slowly, 
carefully, with infinite pains and alluring 




Photograph by Baker 

PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR 

POET 



parents and thrift ; while Tanner was a 
bishop's son. To each came his peculiar 
temptation — to Dunbar the blight of pov- 
erty and sordid surroundings; to Tanner 
the active discouragement of men who 
smiled at the idea of a Negro wanting to 
paint pictures instead of fences ; and to 
Chesnutt the temptation of money mak- 
ing — why leave some thousands of dollars 



color, deeply original and never sensational, 
until his pictures hang in many of the 
world's best galleries. Chesnutt wrote 
powerfully, but with great reserve and sug- 
gestiveness, touching a new realm in the 
borderland between the races and making 
the world listen with one short stor\ . 

These are the men. Hut already you 
are impatient with a question, " How much 




From photograph hy S ewton 



PROFESSOR W. E. BURGHARDT DU BOIS 

SOCIOLOGIST 



The Booklovers Magazine 



15 



Negro blood have they ? " The attitude of 
the American mind toward the mulatto is 
infinitely funny. Mixture of blood is dire 
damnation, cry the men who did the mix- 
ing, and then if a prophet arise within the 
Veil or a man of any talent — " That is due 
to his mixed blood," cry the same men. 
If, however, we study cases of ability and 
goodness and talent among the American 
Negroes, we shall have difficulty in laying 
down any clear thesis as to the efifect of 
amalgamation. As a matter of historic 
fact the colored people of America have 
produced as many remarkable black men 
as mulattoes. Of the men I have named, 
three are black, two are brown, two are half 
white, and three are three-fourths white. 
Many of those with white blood had one 
or two generations' start of the others, 
because their parents or grandparents were 
natural children of rich Southerners, who 
sent them North and educated them while 
the black men toiled in the fields. Then, 
too, the mulatto is peculiarly the child of 
the city ; probably two-thirds of the city 
colored people are of mixed blood ; and it 
is the city that inspires and educates the 
lowly and opens the doors of opportunity. 
If we choose among these men the two of 
keenest intellect, one is black and the other 
is brown; if we choose the three of strongest 
character, two are yellow and one is black. 
If we choose three according to their 
esthetic sensibility, one is black, one is 
yellow, and one is three-fourths white. 
And so on. Let wise men decide from 
such cases the exact efifect of race mixture, 
for I cannot. 

But what has this to do with the main 
point? The fact remains that these men, 
all of them, are representatives of the 
American Negroes, and whether they rep- 
resent the five million black, or the four 
million brown, yellow, and white hosts of 
this group, they all equally represent those 
who suffer from caste proscription, from 
political disability, and wanton narrowing 
of opportunity. And against this injustice 
their lives make eloquent and ringing 
protest. 

(At'anta University) 



o^^^O 



A Note on Dr. DuBois 

A survey of the notable achievements of 
men of Negro blood would be sadly incom- 
plete if it failed to include a word regarding 
the career of the author of the foregoing 
article. His influence in promoting the 
highest interests of his race is hardly less 
potent than that of the distinguished 
principal of Tuskegee Institute. 

In preparing for his life-work Dr. 
Du Bois enjoyed the largest opportunities 
which the highest type of education can 
offer. He is a Harvard man with the added 
advantage of the impress of a great German 
university. Since 1896 he has held the 
chair of sociology in Atlanta University. 

It would not have been surprising if this 
broadly cultured scholar had developed a 
sense of detachment from the interests of 
his race, but instead he has dedicated his 
best powers most unreservedly to the ser- 
vice of his people. The race discussion 
has hitherto been characterized by a super- 
fluity of prejudice and a dearth of exact 
information. The most sweeping general- 
izations have been made by the " car-win- 
dow sociologists." But now the investi- 
gations of Dr. Du Bois have applied the 
methods of exact statistical science to the 
examination of the Negro problem. The 
rhetorician with his theory is at last con- 
fronted by the scientist with his facts. 
Furthermore, this man who has the facts 
is competent to interpret them. He 
understands the view-point of the white 
race as thoroughly as he knows the needs 
of the Negro. 

His recent book. The Souls of Black 
Folk, reveals the range of his power. As 
you read, you recognize the impartial his- 
torian, the sober statistician, the fearless 
critic of men and systems. But you dis- 
cover also a man of fine poetic tempera- 
ment who is able to step aside from 
economic discussion to lead you "within 
the Veil, raising it that you may view 
faintly its deeper recesses — the meaning of 
its religion, the passion of its human sor- 
row, and the struggle of its greater souls." 
His economic science is not invalidated 
by his poetic strain, and the imagina- 
tive touch in his work reveals the secret 
of the influence of this scholarly leader 
upon a people whose emotions are strongly 
developed. — EDITOR. 




From photograph by London Stereoscopic Co. 



FRANCIS BRET HARTE 

FROM HIS LAST PHOTOGRAPH 










T7 — -^rv^ 




W^""^^ n 








rPARODtef 



pff r 






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Bret Harte and the 
Argonauts 

By Albert E. Hancock 

Of all the States in the Union 
Virginia and California, perhaps, 
present the most effective back- 
grounds for the canvases of fiction. 
There is something about both 
that makes an unusual appeal to 
the imagination, something dis- 
tinctive yet strikingly American. 
Virginia always suggests the fine 
old traditions of the expiring aris- 
tocracy, and California, with its 
rare natural scenery, illustrates 
that rapid, almost feverous, devel- 
opment which has been so conspic- 
uous in the growth of American 
civilization. Moreover, there is a 
certain tone in California life 
which gives to that common- 
wealth an artistic distinction. 

In 1848 California was an un- 
disturbed paradise, thinly popu- 
lated by Spanish rancheros, Jesuit 
priests, and flat-faced Indians, all of 
whom passed their lives in a sort 
of languorous inactivity. Then 
the peace of that ambitionless ease 
was broken by the cry of Gold ! 
Gold ! Gold ! and alien immi- 
grants hurried into her valleys with 
the eagerness of a crowd dashing 
to a fire. Cities and towns were 
built under rush orders, and for a 
decade the eyes of the world were 



TENNESSEE'S PARTNER 

BY BRET HARTE 

I do not think that we ever knew his real name. 
Our ignorance of it certainly never gave us any 
social inconvenience, for at Sandy Bar in 1854 
most men were christened anew. Sometimes these 
appellatives were derived from some distinctiveness 
of dress, as in the case of "Dungaree Jack"; or 
from some peculiarity of habit, as shown in " Sal- 
leratus Bill," so called from an undue proportion 
of that chemical in his daily bread ; or from some 
unlucky slip, as exhibited in " The Iron Pirate," a 
mild, inoffensive man, who earned that baleful title 
by his unfortunate mispronunciation of the term 
"iron pyrites." Perhaps this may have been the 
beginning of a rude heraldry; but I am constrained 
to think that it was because a man's real name in 
that day rested solely upon his own unsupported 
statement. "Call yourself Clifford, do you?" said 
Boston, addressing a timid newcomer with infinite 
scorn; "hell is full of such Clififords ! " He then 
introduced the unfortunate man, whose name hap- 
pened to be really Clififord, as "Jay-bird Charley" 
— an unhallowed inspiration of the moment that 
clung to him ever after. 

But to return to Tennessee's Partner, whom we 
never knew by any other than this relative title; 
that he had ever existed as a separate and distinct 
individuality we only learned later. It seems that 
in 1853 he left Poker Flat to go to San Francisco, 
ostensibly to procure a wife. He never got any 



18 



The Booklovers Magazine 



directed toward California with 
the absorbing interest of an audi- 
ence watching a play on the stage. 
In time the nuggets on the sur- 
face were exhausted, mining be- 
came an ordinary industry, and 
the surplusage of population turned 
to the steadier and more remuner- 
ative tilling of the soil. Then the 
state was transformed into a ver- 
itable garden — a land of beauty, 
of sunlight and song, which might 
well vie with Italy. 



farther than Stockton. At that place he was 
attracted by a young person who waited upon the 
table at the hotel where he took his meals. One 
morning he said something to her which caused 
her to smile not unkindly, to somewhat coquet- 
ishly break a plate of toast over his upturned, 
serious, simple face, and to retreat to the kitchen. 
He followed her, and emerged a few moments 
later, covered with more toast and victory. That 
day week they were married by a Justice of the 
Peace, and returned to Poker Flat. I am aware 




Photograph by Sarony 



BRET HARTE IN 1872 



But those pioneers of '49 — the 
Argonauts of the western world — 
in that remote country acted all 
the parts of a drama whose theme 
was an ineradicable human lust. 
For a brief space their play was in- 
tense, exhilarating; suddenly they 
vanished, leaving scarcely a trace 



that something more might be made of this epi- 
sode, but I prefer to tell it as it was current at 
Sandy Bar — in the gulches and bar-rooms — where all 
sentiment was modified by a strong sense of humor. 
Of their married felicity but little is known, per- 
haps for the reason that Tennessee, then living 
with his partner, one day took occasion to say 



The Booklovhrs Magazine 



19 



of their existence. In 1853 at 
Poker Flat there were two thou- 
sand people, a hundred stores, five 
hotels, seven gambling dens, and 
when, one day, a circus came to 
town, fifteen hundred tickets were 
sold at twenty dollars apiece. 
At present there are only half a 
dozen tumble-down shacks in the 
place, and less than a dozen per- 
sons remain to suggest to the 
imagination the lawless tumult 
that once reigned supreme upon 
this spot. 



something to the bride on his own account, at 
which, it is said, she smiled not unkindly, and 
chastely retreated — this time as far as Marysville, 
where Tennessee followed her, and where they 
went to housekeeping without the aid of a Justice 
of the Peace. Tennessee's Partner took the loss 
of his wife simply and seriously, as was his fashion. 
But to everybody's surprise, when Tennessee one 
day returned from Marysville, without his partner's 
wife — she having smiled and retreated with some- 
body else — Tennessee's Partner was the first man 
to shake his hand and greet him with affection. 




Photograph by Downey, London 



BRET HARTE IN 1886 



The Argonauts were a strange 
medley of culture and rifif-raff . As 
a rule they were young men who, 
restless at the slow gains of busi- 
ness or desperate in the losing 
struggle with fortune, took chances 
with an unknown fate. Some of 
them ran away from the querulous 



The boys who had gathered in the canon to see 
the shooting were naturally indignant. Their 
indignation might have found vent in sarcasm but 
for a certain look in Tennessee's Partner's eye that 
indicated a lack of humorous appreciation. In fact, 
he was a grave man, with a steady application to 
practical detail which was unpleasant in a difficulty. 



20 



The Booklovers Magazine 



tongues of their wives, some from 
the warrants of sheriffs. Some of 
them secreted in their breasts locks 
of hair and pink-tinted portraits, 
while here and there was one who 
could scan his Greek with schol- 
arly accuracy or quote his Byron 
with fluent ease. The ex-judge, 
the ex-colonel, and the ex-convict, 
clad in red shirt, coarse trousers, 
and high boots, sat at the same 
table and gambled away their gold- 
dust with the indifference of men 
who cared little, apparently, about 
laying up treasures on earth, but 
who, on the slightest provocation, 
would snatch their weapons and 
send their companions ^to a pre- 
mature reckoning of their treas- 
ures in heaven. 

Few women were out there in 
the earlier days. In the absence 
of women that sentiment of chiv- 
alry which is expressed in tender- 
ness and devotion, and which is 
always strong in men of blood and 
brawn, spent itself in the loyalty 
of comradeship. In the romance 
of that life not the lover but the 
partner played the principal part, 
and the fidelity of man to man 
was often as beautiful as the hero- 
ics of love. Later when pros- 
perity increased the women came 
on its trail, and then that rough 
and ready society took on the last 
vices of the profligate world. Pre- 
viously there had been the clash- 
ings of the instincts of selfishness 
and cupidity, the brute struggle 
for the survival of the strongest. 
These were bad enough. But 
when the women, the dance hall, 
the gilded saloon with the un- 
speakable annex began to domi- 
nate the life of the mining camp, 
the colors of the picture became 
gaudy and the details obscene. 
It was a spectacle from the realis- 
tic reproduction of which the true 
artist would shrink. Rich though 
it might be in variety and inci- 
dent, if such a life were to become 
fit material for literature, there 
was necessary the interpretative 
vision and the master's refining 



Meanwhile, a popular feeling against Tennessee 
had grown up on the Bar. He was known to be a 
gambler; he was suspected to be a thief. In these 
suspicions Tennessee's Partner was equally com- 
promised ; his continued intimacy with Tennessee 
after the affair above quoted could only be accounted 
for on the hypothesis of a copartnership of crime. 
At last Tennessee's guilt became flagrant. One 
day he overtook a stranger on his way to Red Dog. 
The stranger afterward related that Tennessee 
beguiled the time with interesting anecdote and 
reminiscence, but illogically concluded the inter- 
view in the following words: "And now, young 
man, I'll trouble you for your knife, your pistols, 
and your money. You see your weppings might 
get you into trouble at Red Dog, and your money's 
a temptation to the evilly disposed. I think you 
said your address was San Francisco. I shall 
endeavor to call." It may be stated here that 
Tennessee had a fine flow of humor, which no 
business preoccupation could wholly subdue. 

This exploit was his last. Red Dog and Sandy 
Bar made common cause against the highwayman. 
Tennessee was hunted in very much the same 
fashion as his prototype, the grizzly. As the toils 
closed around him, he made a desperate dash 
through the Bar, emptying his revolver at the 
crowd before the Arcade Saloon, and so on up 
Grizzly Canon ; but at its farther extremity he was 
stopped by a small man on a gray horse. The men 
looked at each other a moment in silence. Both 
were fearless, both self-possessed and independent; 
and both types of a civilization that in the seven- 
teenth century would have been called heroic, but, 
in the nineteenth, simply ''reckless." "What 
have you got there? — I call," said Tennessee, 
quietly. "Two bowers and an ace," said the 
stranger, as quietly, showing two revolvers and a 
bowie-knife. "That takes me," returned Ten- 
nessee ; and with this gamblers' epigram, he threw 
away his useless pistol, and rode back with his captor. 

It was a warm night. The cool breeze which 
usually sprang up with the going down of the sun 
behind the chaparral- crested mountain was that 
evening withheld from Sandy Bar. The little 
canon was stifling vv«th heated resinous odors, and 
the decaying driftwood on the Bar sent forth faint. 




< 

o 

U 



O 
z 

z 



> 



a. 



22 



The Booklovers Magazine 



touch. By a fortunate chance a 
man with just such quahfications 
was ultimately found among the 
Argonauts. His name was Francis 
Bret Harte. 

If you had seen him in London 
during the latter years of his life, 
you would never have suspected 
him to be one of those frontiers- 
men who lived under the rule of 
Judge Lynch. He affected a mon- 
ocle; he dressed with the splendid 
fastidiousness of aristocracy; he 
had the taste of an epicurean, 
exactingly nice about all things. 
There was about his features a 
natural repose and distinction, as 
if he were descended from a family 
of old and high renown. His man- 
ners were those of a polished cos- 
mopolite. You might easily have 
mistaken him, in his Astrakan 
coat, for a French count of the 
second empire. And yet at heart 
he was a plain, simple American. 
You are sure of that when you 
read his works. 

It was in 1853 that, at the age 
of twenty-four, he left his Albany 
home, set sail for Panama, crossed 
the isthmus, and took ship again 
for San Francisco. He was one 
of those gold seekers who could 
scan their Homer; for his father 
was a teacher of Greek and had 
given his son a classical education. 
Bret Harte went into the fields of 
Tuolumne County and worked a 
claim with but little result. Be- 
coming discouraged, he turned to 
other things, and in the next fif- 
teen years he rose in the scale 
from express messenger and school- 
teacher to journalist and editor of 
the Overland Monthly. In 1867 
he published a story that brought 
him fame, and no manuscript of 
his thereafter was ever refused by 
a publisher. By the sketches now 
associated with The Luck of 'I{oar- 
jng Camp he gave to literature 
a local color that was unique to 
California. The East first recog- 
nized his value, and while he was 
still a prophet unhonored in his 
own country clamored for a sight 



sickening exhalations. The feverishness of day, 
and its fierce passions, still filled the camp. Lights 
moved restlessly along the bank of the river, strik- 
ing no answering reflection from its tawny current. 
Against the blackness of the pines the windows of 
the old loft above the express-office stood out star- 
ingly bright ; and through their curtainless panes 
the loungers below could see the forms of those 
who were even then deciding the fate of Tennes- 
see. And above all this, etched on the dark firma- 
ment, rose the Sierra, remote and passionless, 
crowned with remoter passionless stars. 

The trial of Tennessee was conducted as fairly 
as was consistent with a judge and jury who felt 
themselves to some extent obliged to justify, in 
their verdict, the previous irregularities of arrest 
and indictment. The law of Sandy Bar was 
implacable, but not vengeful. The excitement and 
personal feeling of the chase were over; with Ten- 
nessee safe in their hands, they were ready to listen 
patiently to any defence, which they were already 
satisfied was insufficient. There being no doubt 
in their own minds, they were willing to give the 
prisoner the benefit of any that might exist. Secure 
in the hypothesis that he ought to be hanged, on 
general principles, they indulged him with more 
latitude of defence than his reckless hardihood 
seemed to ask. The Judge appeared to be more 
anxious than the prisoner, who, otherwise uncon- 
cerned, evidently took a grim pleasure in the respon- 
sibility he had created. *'I don't take any hand in 
this yer game," had been his invariable, but good- 
humored, reply to all questions. The Judge — who 
was also his captor — for a moment vaguely regretted 
that he had not shot him ' ' on sight," that morning, 
but presently dismissed this human weakness as 
unworthy of the judicial mind. Nevertheless, when 
there was a tap at the door, and it was said that 
Tennessee's Partner was there on behalf of the 
prisoner, he was admitted at once without question. 
Perhaps the younger members of the jury, to whom 
the proceedings were becoming irksomely thought- 
ful, hailed him as a relief. 

For he was not, certainly, an imposing figure. 
Short and stout, with a square face, sunburned 
into a preternatural redness, clad in a loose duck 
*' jumper" and trousers streaked and splashed with 



The Booklovers Magazine 



ti 



of him. So eastward he went, 
where, as a writer and a lecturer, 
he estabhshed his financial fortune. 
After he became known the world 
over as a master of the short story, 
he removed to London and there 
resided until his recent death. 

Thirty years ago he was most 
widely known as the author of 
Plain Language from Truthful 
James, immortalizing Ah Sin, "the 
heathen Chinee." This was one 
of those catchy, opportune poems, 
mere doggerel in truth, which 
phrase a fact or condition of 
momentary interest. But it gave 
him advertising notoriety ; for the 
question of Chinese immigration 
at that time was on everybody's 
tongue. Harte wrote the lines for 
their political and not their literary 
effect, and he meant to insinuate 
that the Chinaman was as imita- 
tive as the monkey, and being 
more sly, patient, and painstaking, 
would inevitably surpass the Cau- 
casian, not only in the tricks of the 
card-table but also in the rivalry of 
competitive labor. The other 
sayings of Truthful James nowa- 
days seem rather flat and forced ; 
a contemporary popular mood 
must have given him a borrowed 
vitality. We must turn elsewhere 
to justify the author's title to per- 
manent recognition. 

Bret Harte deserved his great 
reputation. He was not, in the 
large sense, an overwhelming ge- 
nius. He was an artist who, like 
Cellini or Teniers or Meissonier, 
wrought exquisitely and perfectly 
within certain definite bounds. 
When he stepped beyond he was 
mediocre. The world today cares 
little about his satires of fashion- 
able society, some critics declaring 
that in these he is only an imitator 
of Saxe and Praed. Few people 
have read with keen relish his 
attempts at long fiction, but every- 
body, even Max Nordau wM"th his 
pessimistic view of all things mod- 
ern, will admit that he is an abso- 
lute master of the short story, and 
that his tales of the mining camps 



red soil, his aspect under any circumstances would 
have been quaint, and was now even ridiculous. 
As he stooped to deposit at his feet a heavy carpet- 
bag he was carrying, it became obvious, from par- 
tially developed legends and inscriptions, that the 
material with which his trousers had been patched 
had been originally intended for a less ambitious 
covering. Yet he advanced with great gravity, 
and after having shaken the hand of each person 
in the room with labored cordiality, he wiped his 
serious, perplexed face on a red bandanna hand- 
kerchief, a shade lighter than his complexion, laid 
his powerful hand upon the table to steady himself, 
and thus addressed the Judge: 

" I was passin' by," he began, by way of apology, 
'* and I thought I'd just step in and see how things 
was gittin' on with Tennessee thar — my pardner. 
It's a hot night. I disremember any sich weather 
before on the Bar." 

He paused a moment, but nobody volunteering 
any other meteorological recollection, he again had 
recourse to his pocket-handkerchief, and for som.e 
moments mopped his face diligently. 

"Have you anything to say in behalf of the pris- 
oner?" said the Judge, finally. 

" Thet's it," said Tennessee's Partner, in atone 
of relief. "I come yar as Tennessee's pardner — 
knowing him nigh on four year, off and on, wet 
and dry, in luck and out o' luck. His ways ain't 
allers my ways, but thar ain't any p'ints in that 
young man, thar ain't any liveliness as he's been 
up to, as I don't know. And you sez to me, sez 
you — confidential-like, and between man and man 
— sez you, ' Do you know anything in his behalf ?' 
and I sez to you, sez I — confidential-like, as 
between man and man — ' What should a man 
know of his pardner?' " 

" Is this all you have to say?" asked the Judge, 
impatiently, feeling, perhaps, that a dangerous 
sympathy of humor was beginning to humanize 
the Court. 

"Thet's so," continued Tennessee's Partner. 
"It ain't for me to say anything agin' him. And 
now, what's the case? Here's Tennessee wants 
money, wants it bad, and doesn't like to ask it of 
his old pardner. Well, what does Tennessee do? 
He lays for a stranger, and he fetches that stranger. 



24 



The Booklovers Magazine 



will live as long as men are inter- 
ested in the early history of the 
Golden Gate. 

His literary bailiwick was a patch 
of territory about sixty miles east 
of Sacramento, and his most suc- 
^ cessful characters were drawn 
from that isolated group of human 
beings who gleaned and gambled 
away the richest fruitage of the 
desert. He was, I have said, a 
supreme artist, and he has revealed 
this passing phase of life with the 
temperament of one endowed with 
the highest talents of insight and 
expression. 

In the first place Bret Harte 
had the perceptive quickness of a 
poet. His eye was trained to see ; 
his senses were alert to catch the 
fine shadings of color, odor, and 
sound. He felt the wild joys of 
mere physical being. The azalea, 
the scented pine, the rapid rush 
of water, the measureless sweep of 
evergreen mountain slope, meet- 
ing and melting into the paradise 
blue of the sky, affected him like 
a symphony. His terse style is 
suggestive rather than descriptive, 
and it gives to the reader the 
vague haunting sense of the inex- 
pressible. Nature in California 
presented to him a spectacle of 
impassive vastness. The silence 
of the first dawn seemed to hang 
over her hills, still vibrant with the 
primal echoes of the Creator's 
voice, and, like a god, nature 
seemed to enjoy a benignant calm 
that regarded the intrusions of 
man with imperturbable uncon- 
cern. 

Bret Harte, however, was far 
more a humanist than a poet of 
nature, and even on such a stage 
of natural grandeur, he won for 
man a superior sympathy and ad- 
miration. It is easy enough for 
realism to paint vice and human 
depravity; it is a far more difficult 
task for art, without departing 
from truth, to discern and har- 
monize with evil the hidden vir- 
tues of the ribald and the unre- 
generate. But this Bret Harte 



And you lays for him, and you fetches him; and 
the honors is easy. And I put it to you, bein' a 
far-minded man, and to you, gentlemen, all, as 
far-minded men, ef this isn't so." 

''Prisoner," said the Judge, interrupting, "have 
you any questions to ask this man?" 

No ! no ! " continued Tennessee's Partner, 
hastily. I play this yer hand alone. To come 
down to the bed-rock, it's just this : Tennessee, 
thar, has played it pretty rough and expensive-like 
on a stranger, and on this yer camp. And now, 
what's the fair thing? Some would say more; 
some would say less. Here's seventeen hundred 
dollars in coarse gold and a watch — it's about all 
my pile — and call it square ! " And before a hand 
could be raised to prevent him, he had emptied the 
contents of the carpet-bag upon the table. 

For a moment his life was in jeopardy. One or 
two men sprang to their feet, several hands groped 
for hidden weapons, and a suggestion to "throw 
him from the window" was only overridden by a 
gesture from the Judge. Tennessee laughed. And 
apparently oblivious of the excitement, Tennessee's 
Partner improved the opportunity to mop his face 
again with his handkerchief. 

When order was restored, and the man was 
made to understand, by the use of forcible figures 
and rhetoric, that Tennessee's offence could not be 
condoned by money, his face took a more serious 
and sanguinary hue, and those who were nearest 
to him noticed that his rough hand trembled 
slightly on the table. He hesitated a moment as 
he slowly returned the gold to the carpet-bag, as if 
he had not yet entirely caught the elevated sense 
of justice which swayed the tribunal, and was per- 
plexed with the belief that he had not offered 
enough. Then he turned to the Judge, and say- 
ing, "This yer is a lone hand, played alone, and 
without my pardner," he bowed to the jury and 
was about to withdraw, when the Judge called him 
back. " If you have anything to say to Tennessee, 
you had better say it now." For the first time 
that evening the eyes of the prisoner and his strange 
advocate met. Tennessee smiled, showed his 
white teeth, and, saying, "Euchred, old man!" 
held out his hand. Tennessee's Partner took it 
in his own, and saying, " I just dropped in as I was 



26 



The Booklovers Magazine 



accomplished. Old Kentuck, in 
The Luck of Roaring Campy to the 
casual eye was simply an uncouth 
shaggy animal; yet Harte saw that 
he needed only the touch of a 
baby's hand to arouse in him the 
divine tenderness of the paternal 
instinct, and it was his artistic 
genius which gave to that instinct 
the natural grotesque expression. 
He wrastled with my finger — the 

d d little cuss." Jack Hamlin, 

by general repute, was a blackleg, 
and yet in the depths of his nature 
there was a sense of pity and loyalty 
to friend that enabled him to rise 
to a great renunciation. And 
Miggles, poor Miggles, who had 
sold her beauty to loveless ruin, 
when the soul's final test came 
could take up her cross and spend 
her life in the service of an imbe- 
cile paralytic. Bret Harte has that 
insight which unerringly penetrates 
behind the veil and flashes its 
light into the darkness where the 
spirit of goodness, cabined, cribbed, 
confined in the dungeon of unholy 
environment, languishes for release. 
And he does this not as a- senti- 
mental apologist, but as a dispas- 
sionate believer in the ineradicable 
divinity of man. He has such a 
faith in man as a loyal wife cher- 
ishes for a convicted husband. 
Against the evidence of outward 
fact he still believes. 

This is his merit as a man. As 
an artist, within his limitations, he 
has again and again touched the 
highest reaches of imaginative crea- 
tion. It may all be true that his 
plots are melodramatic, that he 
cannot develop a character, that 
he cannot sustain himself for a long 
continuous effort ; but, in spite of 
these things, he does see life in the 
broad wholeness of its double 
aspect. The profoundest creators 
are all face to face with the fact 
that life is a riddle — a paradox of 
humor and pathos. Only a shift 
in the point of view is needed to 
change the smiles into tears. He, 
therefore, is the greatest master of 
the mystery of human nature who 



passin' to see how things was gettin' on," let 
the hand passively fall, and adding that "it was a 
warm night," again mopped his face with his 
handkerchief, and without another word withdrew. 

The two men never again met each other alive. 
For the unparalleled insult of a bribe offered to 
Judge Lynch — who, whether bigoted, weak, or 
narrow, was at least incorruptible — firmly fixed in 
the mind of that mythical personage any wavering 
determination of Tennessee's fate; and at the 
break of day he was marched, closely guarded, to 
meet it at the top of Marley's Hill. 

How he met it, how cool he was, how he refused 
to say anything, how perfect were the arrange- 
ments of the committee, were all duly reported, 
with the addition of a warning moral and example 
to all future evil-doers, in the Red Dog Clarion y by 
its editor, who was present, and to whose vigorous 
English I cheerfully refer the reader. But the 
beauty of that midsummer morning, the blessed 
amity of earth and air and sky, the awakened life 
of the free woods and hills, the joyous renewal and 
promise of Nature, and above all, the infinite 
Serenity that thrilled through each, was not 
reported, as not being a part of the social lesson. 
And yet, when the weak and foolish deed was 
done, and a life, with its possibilities and responsi- 
bihties, had passed out of the misshapen thing that 
dangled between earth and sky, the birds sang, the 
flowers bloomed, the sun shone, as cheerily as 
before; and possibly the Red Dog Clarion was 
right. 

Tennessee's Partner was not in the group that 
surrounded the ominous tree. But as they turned 
to disperse attention was drawn to the singular 
appearance of a motionless donkey-cart halted at 
the side of the road. As they approached, they at 
once recognized the venerable "Jenny" and the 
two-wheeled cart as the property of Tennessee's 
Partner — used by him in carrying dirt from his 
claim; and a few paces distant the owner of the 
equipage himself, sitting under a buckeye-tree, 
wiping the perspiration from his glowing face. In 
answer to an inquiry, he said he had come for the 
body of the "diseased," " if it was all the same to 
the committee." He didn't wish to " hurry any- 
thing "; he could "wait." He was networking 



The Booklovers Magazine 



2? 



can see his characters in that puz- 
zling complexity which calls at 
once for merriment and infinite 
pity. Shakespeare had this con- 
ception of life, and so had Cervan- 
tes when he sent his Don Quixote 
— the buffoon and the hero in one 
— of^ on his ludicrous quest. And 
Bret Harte, in his minor way, had 
the same feeling that it was only 
the standpoint which made life 
divertingly comic or pitiably tragic. 
The instances of this are almost as 
numerous as his stories; Tennessee's 
Partner is only one of its best illus- 
trations. The man called "Ten- 
nessee" is hung on Marley's Hill 
as a criminal. To Jack Folinsbee 
he is only a thief gone to his just 
deserts, and Jack, with the crowd, 
follows the body to the grave, 
jauntily playing on a mimic trom- 
bone, while the dead man's part- 
ner, the sole mourner at the fun- 
eral, gives to the last remains of 
the desperate rogue the devotion 
of a comrade faithful in disgrace 
and in death. The mining camp 
had got rid of a pestiferous felon ; 
Tennessee's Partner had lost his 
only friend, and the laughter and 
the tears were merely matters of 
point of view. The burial was 
the last act in the tragicomedy 
of hfe. 

So, we may say that while Bret 
Harte occupies a unique position 
as the imaginative historian of the 
Argonauts and the days of '49 in 
California, his greatest merit as a 
humanist is his preception and 
revelation of the dual significance 
of life. He knows that life is a 
riddle — at once a comedy and a 
tragedy — a mystery which every 
man must read through the preju- 
dices of his own personal tempera- 
ment. For his own part, even 
amid the depravity of a mining 
town, he is an optimist — an opti- 
mist with a sane knowledge of the 
facts to the contrary. 

{Haverford College) 



that day ; and when the gentlemen were done with 
the " diseased," he would take him. ' Ef thar is 
any present," he added, in his simple, serious way, 
" as would care to jine in the fun'l, they kin come." 
Perhaps it was from a sense of humor, which I 
have already intimated was a feature of Sandy 
Bar — perhaps it was from something even better 
than that ; but two-thirds of the loungers accepted 
the invitation at once. 

It was noon when the body of Tennessee was 
delivered into the hands of his partner. As the 
cart drew up to the fatal tree, we noticed that it 
contained a rough, oblong box — apparently made 
Jrom a section of sluicing — and half filled with bark 
and the tassels of pine. The cart was further 
decorated with slips of willow, and made fragrant 
with buckeye-blossoms. When the body was 
deposited in the box, Tennessee's Partner drew 
over it a piece of tarred canvas, and gravely mount- 
ing the narrow seat in front, with his feet upon the 
shafts, urged the little donkey forward. The 
equipage moved slowly on, at that decorous pace 
which was habitual with 'Jenny" even under less 
solemn circumstances. The men — half curiously, 
half jestingly, but all good-humoredly — strolled 
along beside the cart; some in advance, some a 
little in the rear of the homely catafalque. But, 
whether from the narrowing of the road or some 
present sense of decorum, as the cart passed on 
the company fell to the rear in couples, keeping 
step, and otherwise assuming the external show of 
a formal procession. Jack Folinsbee, who had at 
the outset played a funeral march in dumb show 
upon an imaginary trombone, desisted, from a lack 
of sympathy and appreciation — not having, per- 
haps, your true humorist's capacity to be content 
with the enjoyment of his own fun. 

The way led through Grizzly Canon — by this 
time clothed in funereal drapery and shadows. 
The redwoods, burying their moccasoned feet in 
the red soil, stood in Indian-file along the track, 
trailing an uncouth benediction from their bending 
boughs upon the passing bier. A hare, surprised 
into helpless inactivity, sat upright and pulsating in 
the ferns by the roadside, as the cortege went by. 
Squirrels hastened to gain a secure outlook from 
higher boughs; and the blue-jays, spreading their 



28 



The Booklovers Magazine 



Bret Harte as a Parodist 

The supreme proof of the fact 
that Bret Harte had the instinct 
of reverence may be found in the 
fact that he was a really great 
parodist. This may have the 
appearance of being a paradox, 
but, as in the case of many other 
paradoxes, it is not so important 
v^hether it is a paradox as whether 
it is not obviously true. Mere 
derision, mere contempt, never 
produced or could produce parody. 
A man who simply despises 
Paderewski for having long hair is 
not necessarily fitted to give an 
admirable imitation of his particular 
touch on the piano. If a man 
wishes to parody Paderewski's 
style of execution, he must 
emphatically go through one pro- 
cess first: he must admire it, and 
even reverence it. Bret Harte 
had a real power of imitating great 
authors, as in his parodies on 
Dumas, on Victor Hugo, on 
Charlotte Bronte. This means 
and can only mean that he had 
perceived the real beauty, the real 
ambition of Dumas and Victor 
Hugo and Charlotte Bronte. To 
take an example, Bret Harte has 
in his imitation of Hugo a passage 
like this : 

" M. Madeline was, if possible, 
better than M. Myriel. M. Myriel 
was an angel. M. Madeline was 
a good man." I do not know 
whether Victor Hugo ever used 
this antithesis; but I am certain 
that he would have used it and 
thanked his stars if he had thought 
of it. This is real parody, insep- 
arable from admiration. It is the 
same in the parody of Dumas, 
which is arranged on the S3'Stem 
of "Aramis killed three of them; 
Porthos three ; Athos three." 
You cannot write that kind of 
thing unless you have first exulted 
in the arithmetical ingenuity of 
the plots of Dumas. It is the 
same in the parody of Charlotte 
Bronte, which opens with a 
dream of a storm-beaten clifi, con- 



wings, fluttered before them like outriders, until 
the outskirts of Sandy Bar were reached, and the 
solitary cabin of Tennessee's Partner. 

Viewed under more favorable circumstances, it 
would not have been a cheerful place. The unpic- 
turesque site, the rude and unlovely outlines, the 
unsavory details, which distinguished the nest- 
building of the California miner, were all here, 
with the dreariness of decay superadded. A few 
paces from the cabin there was a rough enclosure, 
which, in the brief days of Tennessee's Partner's 
matrimonial felicity, had been used as a garden, 
but was now overgrown with fern. As we ap- 
proached it we were surprised to find that what we 
had taken for a recent attempt at cultivation was 
the broken soil about an open grave. 

The CcA was halted before the enclosure; and, 
rejecting the ofifers of assistance with the same air 
of simple self-reliance he had displayed throughout, 
Tennessee's Partner lifted the rough coffin on his 
back, and deposited it, unaided, within the shallow 
grave. He then nailed down the board which 
served as a lid; and, mounting the little mound of 
earth beside it, took off his hat, and slowly mopped 
his face with his handkerchief. This the crowd 
felt was a preliminary to speech, and they disposed 
themselves variously on stumps and boulders, and 
sat expectant. 

"When a man," began Tennessee's Partner, 
slowly, "has been running free all day, what's the 
natural thing for him to do ? Why, to come home. 
And if he ain't in a condition to go home, what 
can his best friend do ? Why, bring him home ! 
And here's Tennessee has been running free, and 
we brings him home from his wandering." He 
paused, and picked up a fragment of quartz, rubbed 
it thoughtfully on his sleeve, and went on: "It 
ain't the first time that I've packed him on my 
back, as you see'd me now. It ain't the first time 
that I brought him to this yer cabin when he 
couldn't help himself; it ain't the first time that I 
and 'Jinny' have waited for him on, yon hill, and 
picked him up and so fetched him home, when he 
couldn't speak, and didn't know me. And now 
that it's the last time, why — " he paused, and 
rubbed the quartz gently on his sleeve — "you see 
it's sort of rough on his pardner. And now, gen- 



The Booklovers Magazine 



29 



taining jewels and pelicans. Bret 
Harte could not have written it 
unless he had really understood the 
triumph of the Brontes, the 
triumph of asserting that great 
mysteries lie under the surface of 
the most sullen life, and that the 
most real part of man is in his 
dreams. 

This kind of parody is forever 
removed from the purview of ordi- 
nary American humor. The wild 
sky-breaking humor of America 
has its fine qualities, but it must 
in the nature of things- be defi- 
cient in two qualities of supreme 
importance — reverence and sym- 
pathy. Can any one imagine 
Mark Twain, that admirable 
author, writing even a tolerable 
imitation of authors so intellec- 
tually individual as Hugo or 
Charlotte Bronte ? Mark Twain 
would yield to the spirit of con- 
tempt which destroys parody. All 
those who hate authors fail to 
satirize them, for they always 
accuse them of the wrong faults. 
The enemies of Thackeray call 
him a worldling, instead of what 
he was, a man too ready to believe 
in the goodness of the unworldly. 
The enemies of Meredith call his 
gospel too subtle, instead of what 
it is, a gospel, if anything, too 
robust. And it is this vulgar mis- 
understanding which we find in 
most parody — which we find in all 
American parody — but which we 
never find in the parodies of Bret 
Harte. 

The skies they were ashen and sober, 
The streets they were dirty and drear, 
It was the dark month of October, 
In that most immemorial year. 
Like the skies, I was perfectly sober, 
But my thoughts they were palsied and 

sear, 
Yes, my thoughts were decidedly queer. 

This could only be written by a 
genuine admirer of Edgar Allan 
Poe, who permitted himself for a 
moment to see the fun of the 
thing. Parody might indeed be 
defined as the worshipper's half- 
holiday. — By G. K. Chesterton in 
The Pall MalLMagazine. 



tlemen," he added, abruptly, picking up his long- 
handled shovel, ''the fun'l's over; and my thanks, 
and Tennessee's thanks, to you for your trouble." 
Resisting any profifers of assistance, he began to 
fill in the grave, turning his back upon the crowd, 
that after a few moments' hesitation gradually 
withdrew. As they crossed the little ridge that 
hid Sandy Bar from view, some, looking back, 
thought they could see Tennessee's Partner, his 
work done, sitting upon the grave, his shovel 
between his knees, and his face buried in his red 
bandanna handkerchief. But it was argued by others 
that you could n't tell his face from his handkerchief 
at that distance; and this point remained undecided. 

In the reaction that followed the feverish excite- 
ment of that day, Tennessee's Partner was not 
forgotten. A secret investigation had cleared him 
of any complicity in Tennessee's guilt, and left 
only a suspicion of his general sanity. Sandy Bar 
made a point of calling on him, and proffering 
various uncouth, but -well-meant kindnesses. But 
from that day his rude health and great strength 
seemed visibly to decline ; and when the rainy sea- 
son fairly set in, and the tiny grass-blades were 
beginning to peep from the rocky mound above 
Tennessee's grave, he took to his bed. 

One night, when the pines beside the cabin were 
swaying in the storm, and trailing their slender fin- 
gers over the roof, and the roar and rush of the 
swollen river were heard below, Tennessee's Part- 
ner lifted his head from the pillow, saying, ''It is 
time to go for Tennessee; I must put 'Jinny' in 
the cart" ; and would have risen from his bed but 
for the restraint of his attendant. Struggling, he 
still pursued his singular fancy: "There, now, 
steady, 'Jinny' — steady, old girl. How dark it is! 
Look out for the ruts — and look out for him, too, 
old gal. Sometimes, you know, when he's blind 
drunk, he drops down right in the trail. Keep on 
straight up to the pine on the top of the hill. Thar 
— I told you so ! — thar he is — coming this way, too 
— all by himself, sober, and his face a-shining. 
Tennessee! Pardner ! " 

And so they met. 

{Copyright, 1899, by Bret Harte. Published by special arrangement with 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 



30 



The Booklovers Magazine 




S. Eytingc, Jr., in Every Saturday 

''Ah Sin was his name'* 



An Appreciation by an Old 
Friend 

Nobody else has drawn such vivid back- 
grounds of Cahfornia scenery as those 
which appear in Bret Harte stories. The 
untidiness and squalor of the mining camp, 
as well as the grandeur and beauty of the 
natural scenery, are faithfully reproduced 
by the master hand. With the solitary 
editor of the Bugle, the reader hears the 
tapping of the woodpecker on the shingled 
roof of his forest office. As the funeral 
cortege of Tennessee moves along the 



skirts of the wood, "the redwoods, bury- 
ing their moccasoned feet in the red soil, 
stand in Indian file along the track, trail- 
ing an uncouth benediction from their 
bending boughs upon the passing bier." 
And a touch of animated nature falls 
where we see the picture of a hare, "sur- 
prised into helpless inactivity" by the pro- 
cession, sitting "upright and pulsating in 
the ferns by the roadside" as the slender 
column moves by. We catch again the 
resinous odor of the redwoods and the 
plaintive soughing of the pines, the dank 
perfumes of the salt marsh, and the harsh 



The Booklovers Magazine 



31 



call of the rain-crow, as we turn the magi- 
cian's leaves. 

The multitudinous phases of the rough, 
reckless life of those early days are repro- 
duced with faithfulness in Harte's pages; 
of these he might truly have said, 'All of 
which I saw, and a part of which I was." 
A man who has spent years in drifting 
among the solitudes and the scanty settle- 
ments of California during its period of 
social and industrial formation must needs 
have a pouch full of recollections and 
impressions unless he be a very dunce. 
And Bret Harte was an exceeding close 
observer of men and things; he was 
endowed with a memory as plastic as wax 
to receive and as firm as steel to hold. . , . 

Harte's personality was gentle, winning, 
lovable. His familiar conversation had all 
the grace and charm of his literary work, 
and, although he was a good talker, unlike 
many another of his kind, he was a good 
listener. Looking back upon one's inti- 
mate acquaintance with him, one might 
truly say that he was always a student of 
men. He listened that he might see 
through the eyes of other men. If he was 
disposed to hypercriticism in his tastes and 
in his judgment of the work of others, he 
was unsparing in his criticism of that which 
flowed from his own laborious pen. At 
work he required the nicest adjustment of 
materials and surroundings. One or two 
disturbances would so interrupt the move- 
ment of his thought that his task must be 
laid aside until a more convenient season. 
It can be truthfully said of him that he 
never let go to the printing-press anything 
with which he was not completely satis- 
fied. The manuscript which he sent out 
and the proofs which he had read and cor- 
rected with many pains were alike illus- 
trated with interminable interlineations and 
changes. 

Broad and catholic in his views of life, 
Bret Harte instinctively looked for the 
good that is in mankind. It is not true, 
as has been injuriously said of him, that he 
sufifered one virtue to outweigh a thousand 
vices. He bade us regard the virtue ; and 
he did not seek to hide the vice. One of 
his German translators, Ferdinand Freili- 
grath, said of him that he mined for gold, 
"the gold of love, of goodness, of fidelity, 
of humanity . . . which remains forever 
uneradicated from the human heart"; and 



the good old poet adds: "That it is which 
drew hearts to him wherever the language 
of Shakespeare, of Milton and Byron is 
spoken." 

In his peculiar field he had few imitators, 
no successors. The short stories on which 
his permanent fame will rest are flawless in 
their finish and so felicitous in their con- 
struction that no word could be added or 
taken away without marring the effect of 
the whole. No other American writer 
has evinced such a perfect art as this. No 
other American or English writer can paint 
so broad a picture on so small a canvas as 
that which Harte has used. — Noah Brooks^ 
in The 'Book Buyer, June, igo2. 

Bret Harte 

By Ina Coolbrith 

Overland Monthly, September, ig02 

A stir of pines in the forest, 
A klink of picks in the mine, 

And smoke from the tent and cabin 
Under the oak and vine; 

The peaks of the great Sierras, 
Awful, and still, and white. 

Piercing the clouds of sunset. 
Touching the stars of night; 

And the subtle scent of the laurel. 
Pungent, that fills and thrills, — 

The breath of the wonderful laurel 
On the wonderful Western hills. 

Men, of the brood of giants. 
Lusty and young and strong. 

With heart-pulse set to the rhythm 
And lilt of a brave new song; 

Mighty of nerve and muscle 

As the hero-knights of old. 
Fighting the New World battles 

On the Field of the Cloth of Gold. 

And O the scent of the laurel ! . . . 

There's a new moon low in the west, 
And the night is a brooding mother 

With the tired world on her breast. 

And these are her dreams and visions. 

Who spake of a face that lay 
Under the English daisies, 

In a silence, far away ? 



THE SARGENT PORTRAIT OF DR. MITCHELL 

On the opposite page is presented the first reproduction of the portrait of Dr. S. 
Weir Mitchell by John S. Sargent. The painter and his subject are of equal distinction. 
Dr. Mitchell holds a position of undoubted eminence in both medicine and letters, and 
to Mr. Sargent is conceded by competent critics, both American and European, the 
highest rank in portraiture. The portrait faithfully reflects the artist's recognition 
of the qualities of mind and heart that are represented in the face of his sitter. The 
painter convej^s admirably the impression of strength, wisdom, and kindliness, and has 
not omitted the humorous twinkle in the corner of the eye that no one who has had 
the good fortune to know Dr. Mitchell can have failed to notice. The pose is 
characteristic and dignified. 

The coloring, from the very nature of the subject, is dark, except for the flesh 
tints, the gray hair, and just a hint of red in the faint line of the cravat. The work 
shows the sure touch, the faculty of definite expression of what he sees, that are the 
distinguishing qualities of Mr. Sargent's best work. The portrait was painted during 
the month of May in the Philadelphia studio of Mr. John Lambert. 




From the painting by John S. Sargent 

DK. S. WEIR MITCHELL 




Photograph by Bertha M . Lothrop 



BETWEEN MEALS 



• PICTURES • AND ■ ART • TALK • 



Etching enthusiasts have often deplored 
the undeniable fact that this art has not 
met with its just measure of popularity in 
America, despite the temporary gleam of 
encouragement that greeted it some years 
ago. The cause may lie no deeper than 
in the whim of fashion; it may be in a 
genuine, if unreasonable, dissatisfaction 
with the limitations of etching and an 
unwillingness to accept its necessary con- 
ventions. Or, perhaps, it lies in a certain 
impatience which the uninitiated feel at 
the postage-stamp variety of etching con- 
noisseur — the collector with his talk of 
trial proofs and remarques and first and 
second states and destroyed plates, inter- 
ested in an etching only for its rarity, not 
for its beauty. 

In whatever ground the objections are 
rooted, the best answer to them lies in a 
study of such a comprehensive collection 
as that recently exhibited by Mr. Max 
Williams, of New York, in Pittsburg, and at 
the McClees galleries in Philadelphia. The 
skeptic is speedily converted into the enthu- 
siast as the sense of the power and scope 
of the art, of its delicacy and freedom and 
precision, is impressed on him anew. 
Whistler is inevitably the most conspicu- 
ous figure in the exhibition. His famous 
Venetian set, from which one of the most 
masterly examples, Tragetto, is repro- 
duced in this number, occupies the place 
of honor. Rotherhite, one of the Thames 
series etched in the sixties, affords in its 
massing of shades an interesting contrast 
to the delicacy and economy of line of his 
later work. It has been said that a 
Thames bargeman, with short pipe and 
jacket, is the only human figure in which 
Whistler evinces any interest. Sir Sey- 
mour Haden is well represented by a series 
of landscapes, straightforward, decided, 
rich in contrast. One of his most char- 
acteristic but least-known subjects is here 
given, IVareham Bridge, a spontaneous 
and sympathetic work. 

Nor are earlier masters forgotten. The 
supreme technique of Rembrandt and the 
almost morbid intensity of Durer find a 
place beside the picturesque fantasy of the 
ill-fated Meryon or the delicate, if not 



wholly satisfying, tenderness of the land- 
scapes of Claude. A good example of the 
ease and completeness of the sketchy, light- 
handed method is afforded by Detaille's 
Cuirassier, in a trial proof — the inverted 
head shown was etched out in the later 
states — while Millet and De Gravesande 
are not forgotten. It is to be hoped that 
the revival of interest of which the success 
of this exhibition is a symptom will go far 
to raise the art of etching to its rightful 
place in public esteem. 

There was recently published in a pop- 
ular magazine a series of pictures by 
Henry O. Tanner representing the artist's 
conception of four Mothers of the Bible. 
The inspiration for this series is easily 
traceable to the remarkable portrait of his 
mother painted by Mr. Tanner in 1897, 
now hanging in the home of his parents 
in Philadelphia, which is reproduced in 
colors in this number of The Booklovers 
Magazine. The portrait is little known, 
and has not been exhibited, but it is a 
strong work, recalling inevitably Whistler's 
portrait of his mother. Differing from 
that famous picture in its color scheme, 
it is in a low key, mostly of browns. 
Qualities and characteristics manifest in 
the portrait are also manifest in the Mothers 
of the Bible. Always of a religious turn of 
mind, and a student of sacred history — his 
father is a Bishop in the African Methodist 
Church — Mr. Tanner treated those pic- 
tures with the same reverent care that he 
has given to the more personal portrait. 
When they appeared they attracted atten- 
tion and provoked discussion, for they 
differed materially from the ideals of any 
previous painter. Especially was this the 
case in respect to the Madonna, who has 
none of the idealized beauty that is tradi- 
tionally associated with almost all pictures 
of her throughout the history of art. Mr. 
Tanner has depicted her as a plain, typi- 
cally Jewish woman, with only a great and 
holy mother-love glorifying her face. It is 
a fine and reverent conception, and while 
it may not satisfy some aesthetic tastes, it 
does credit to the artist's sense of fitness. 




CI, 















^3 



^ 









GO 

m 

C/D 

O 

Z) 

o 

JJ 
X 

H 



The Booklovhrs Magazine 



37 



Miss Elizabeth Wentworth Roberts' 
seriesof paintings dealing with Emerson and 
the Emerson country, the first of which was 
reproduced in the February BooKLOVERS 
Magazine, are attracting much attention. 
They are the fruit of a summer's residence 
in the old Emerson house in Concord. 
Miss Roberts is a young Philadelphia artist 
whose career has been almost uniformly 
successful, but who has accomplished her 
ends by untiring industry and an immense 
amount of hard work. Her early studies 
in this country were principally under the 
direction of Henry R. Poore. Thence she 
went to Paris, where she worked for two 
years at the Academy Julian, and privately 
under the instruction of Jules Lefebvre. 
For six years this continued, and she then 
devoted herself to the study of Botticelli in 
Florence. Much of her work has a strong 
religious tendency. With youth, enthus- 
iasm, talent, and high artistic aims, her 
career will doubtless justify the expectations 
aroused by her recent notable work. 

"^ ^ ^ 

The past few years have witnessed the 
development in France of a method of color 
etching which is bidding fair to absorb the 
energies of artist and collector alike, to the 
exclusion of the severer black and white 
form of the art. By making the use of 
color possible, the new process confers on 
an art hitherto confined within somewhat 
strait limits opportunity for unlimited 
expansion. There are some technical 
variations in the methods followed ; some 
etchers use a single plate, applying the 
color with a brush or cloth ; others use one 
plate for the shadows and another for the 
colors, while in still a third process a sep- 
arate plate is made for each color. Two 
examples of the new method are here 
reproduced, Osterlind's The Dancer and 
Muller's Playmates. Other artists who 
are using it are Charles Huard, Robbe, 
Delatre, and Houdard. There are not 
wanting critics who consider the new 
development treason to the past work of 
the masters who found black and white 
adequate for all their needs and refused the 
adventitious aid of color. But the 
movement is already far more than a 
mere fad and gives promise of wide 
development. 



The Four Tipses of Frant Dvorak shows 
striking mastery of the broader effects of 
color. The artist came to this country in 
1889, an absolute stranger with no recom- 
mendation. He spoke no English, and 
trusted solely to his art for his support. 
He obtained several portrait commissions 
in Philadelphia and secured the support 
and recommendation of the late Mr. A. J. 
Antelo. Many commissions came to the 
young painter through Mr. Antelo's 
influence, and later through the success of 
his exhibit at the World's Fair in Chicago. 
From this point success seems to have 
followed him continuously. He has since 
been enabled to return to Paris, the 
artist's haven. He has exhibited in the 
Salon in Paris and has obtained honorable 
mention there. The picture reproduced 
here belonged to Mr. Antelo, and was 
purchased at the sale of his gallery by its 
present owners. 

>j< >}C 5Jn 

The present visit of Mr. John S. Sargent 
to this country, from which he has been 
absent several years, is of especial interest 
as regards the mural decorations that he 
has undertaken for the Boston Public 
Library. It is universally acknowledged 
that the second instalment in the series of 
paintings comprised in his great scheme 
suffers in no respect by comparison with 
the first. His own words in regard to the 
general plan were that he intended to rep- 
resent the triumph of religion — a mural 
decoration illustrating certain stages of 
Jewish and Christian history." The first 
series of paintings carried the idea from the 
polytheistic theogony of Egypt to the 
Mosaic period, closing with the stupen- 
dous group of Moses with the tables of 
the law, supported by Joshua and Elijah, 
with the prophets both of lamentation 
and hope on either hand. The new work 
is called by Sargent himself The Dogma of 
the 'Redemption. The word "dogma" is 
significant ; it shows a deliberate design to 
portray the Crucifixion, the Act of Redemp- 
tion on the part of Jesus Christ, as a defi- 
nite accomplishment with all its spiritual 
significance, rather than simply to depict 
one episode in the epic of Christianity. 

To convey an adequate idea of so huge 
a composition is not possible, but its main 
features may be briefly described : In the 




Alexander Stirling Calder, sc. 



QUEEN OF THE RIVERS 

MODEL FOR STATUE OF MISSOURI FOR LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION 



The Booklovers Magazine 



39 



centre of a high, arched panel is the figure 
of Christ upon the cross. Behind and 
above Him are seated crimson-robed fig- 
ures representing the Father, Son, and 
Holy Ghost in glory, each with two fingers 
raised in benediction. Around the circle 
of the arch are doves, each with a nimbus 
above the head, representing the seven 
gifts of the Spirit. The emblematic stole 
of priesthood hangs from the shoulders of 
the Christ, falling also across the figures of 
Adam and Eve, crouching in a panel below 
the arms of the cross. Each holds a chal- 
ice to catch the blood dripping from His 
hands. The woman kneels forward to the 
cross, but with head averted. The man, 
with one arm extended, looks away; about 
his feet is coiled the serpent, the rest of 
whose body is crushed beneath the pierced 
feet of the Saviour. The lower end of the 
cross is terminated by the representation 
of a pelican, a familiar symbol of the sacri- 
fice. This is the central design, and angels 
and other symbolic figures flank it at length 
to right and left. The color scheme is 
deep blue and crimson, with notes of gold 
and silver here and there, and the whole 
has a subdued richness of tone that seems 
to have felt the softening influence of cen- 
turies. The principal figures are thrown 
forward in bold relief, emphasizing their 
importance, and adding greatly to the 
artistic efifect. There are, in the concep- 
tion, evidences of a deep religious feeling, 
combined with a supreme power of imag- 
ination, and in the execution there is the 
exhibition of extraordinary technical skill. 
It is ;i noble work that Mr. Sargent has 
undertaken, nobly accomplished so far, and 
it is the earnest hope of all lovers of Amer- 
ican art that he may live to complete his 
splendid project. 

JfC JfC ^ 

The statue personifying the State of 
Missouri, which is reproduced on the 
opposite page, was executed to the order 
of the Commissioners of the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition at St. Louis by Mr. 
Alexander Stirling Calder, who received 
the award after a competitive trial in which 
were engaged many of the well-known 
sculptors of the country. The accom- 
panying photograph was made from the 
original model in the sculptor's studio. 
The reproduction for the Exposition will 



be in stafif, and the figure will be of heroic 
size. Mr. Calder has also in hand for the 
Commissionersastatueof Philippe Renault, 
one of the pioneers of New France. 
Mr. Calder is a son of Alexander Calder, 
himself a well-known sculptor, and his 
talent, therefore, has come to him by 
inheritance. He studied for some time in 
Paris, where much of his important work 
was accomplished. He has exhibited fre- 
quently and has won many honors. He 
has recently executed a memorial fountain 
for the University of Pennsylvania, and 
has done much in the line of minor decora- 
tive sculpture and architectural ornament. 
His decorative sense is unusual, and his 
imaginative power has a wide range. 

The sculptor thus sets forth the symbol- 
ical significance of his latest work: ''Seated 
in a chair whose supports are decorated 
with fasces, Missouri holds in her right arm 
the Caduceus, the emblem of commerce, 
adopted by the State as being appropriate 
to the most commercially enterprising of 
the Western States. Her left hand rests 
on a shield bearing the State arms, inter- 
twining below with the fleur de lis, empha- 
sizing the French origin of the State, 
' Missouri ' being the French spelling of 
Missuri, the native name for the great 
muddy river. Tobacco leaves and flowers 
are dressed in the head of the statue, while 
a deer skin covers the lower part of the 
figure. The wave line of the base is a 
decorative suggestion of the great rivers 
that flow through the State. In the whole 
statue the thought has been the symboliz- 
ing of the alert vigor of the powerful young 
queen of the rivers, adopting civilization 
and culture." 

* * * 

It is reported from Genoa that several 
famous paintings belonging to the collec- 
tion in the Rosso Palace there have been 
totally ruined by unscientific treatment. 
The paintings included two Van Dykes, a 
Carlo Maratta, a Pris Bordone, a Valerio 
Castelli, and two Guido Renis. They 
were intrusted for renovation to a profes- 
sional cleaner, who applied an alkaline 
solution which completely destroyed them. 
It is stated that the Van Dykes were 
among the most valuable specimens of his 
work. The loss is incalculable. 




From the etching by Osterlind 



THE DANCER 




From the etching by Midler 



PLAYMATES 




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THE OLD MUSICIAN 



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THE CUIRASSIER 

TRIAL PROOF 















,ivift,a^i^^"S»^ 



IN ANlMArPHOTOGRAPHY 



Note: — The photographs ivhich illustrate this article nvere made by Mr. W. P. Dando^ the ivriter 
of the paper ^ ivho is a specialist of high rank in animal photography. He is a Fellonv of the 
Zoological Society of London and a Director of the great Zoo, ivhere he spends a large part of his 
time making obser'vations and photographic studies of the animals. — EDITOR. 



The idea of founding a zoological society 
in London was no doubt originated by Sir 
Thomas Stamford Raffles. From the T^/^/w- 
oir written by his widow, it appears that in 
1816 Raffles "meditated the establish- 
ment" of a society on the principle of the 
Jardin des Plantes in Paris, which finally 
he succeeded in forming in 1826, under 
the title of The Zoological Society of Lon- 
don. From fifteen members and admis- 
sions of only four visitors in 1826, the 
society has grown to the present period 
when it has about three thousand mem- 
bers, five hundred fellows, a record of over 
forty-five thousand visitors in one day, and 
an income of ;!£^3o,000 a year. 

The amount of food required to feed the 
animals at "The Zoo," as the society's 
gardens in Regent Park are popularly called, 
is enormous. A chef at a first-class restau- 
rant has not so many dififerent tastes to 
cater for. It is astonishing to think that 
more than 1,338 tons of food, equalling 
about 3,000,000 pounds, are required 
annually to feed the animals. The prov- 
ender amounts to 1,168,400 pounds; the 
fish, 35,000 pounds; the fresh meat killed 
at the society's abattoir, 916,400 pounds. 
Carrots alone work out at 173,550 pounds. 
The menu is made up of 59 varieties of 
food with "Liebig," 9,530 fowls' heads, 
and 35,000 eggs just thrown in by way of 
a luxury. These figures do not include 
the enormous amount of food given to the 



animals by the visitors. Over five hundred 
" bags of food" is the average daily sale at 
the refreshment counters ; and on a busy 
day twelve thousand buns, three thousand 
cakes, and thousands of rolls are purchased 
and taken away by the visitors, mostly for 
feeding the animals, while in addition tons 
of food are brought in from outside. I 
doubt if the feeding of the animals by the 
public is a privilege which should be allowed, 
as it is acknowledged by the society's offi- 
cials that numbers of animals die annually 
through overfeeding by visitors with 
unsuitable food. 

But it is my present purpose to describe 
and illustrate a few of the most popular and 
the rarer animals to be found in the 
society's menagerie, all the illustrations 
reproducing photographs from life. 

As proof of the care and attention given 
to animals at the Zoo, no better illustra- 
tion can be afforded than Jim, the fine 
Indian rhinoceros which was presented to 
the society in 1864. Considering the 
enormous weight of this animal he is 
remarkably straight on his feet. Contrary 
to popular belief, the skin of the rhinoceros 
is not bullet-proof; in fact, it can be pierced 
easily with a pointed knife. There are five 
species of the rhinoceros — three Oriental 
and two African. The Rhinoceros uni- 
cornis, though known to the ancients, was 
seen for the first time by Europeans in 
I5i3» when one was sent to the King of 



64 



The Booklovers Magazine 



Portugal from India. Although the appear- 
ance of these animals is clumsy, when 
necessary they can run with great swift- 
ness, and in their wild state they show 
considerable ferocity when provoked. 

Until lately Jingo, the tallest African 
elephant in captivity, was housed in the 
same building with Jim. Jingo was a 
grand specimen, which had been brought 
up at the Zoo from a "baby," twenty- 
two years ago, and stood nine feet seven 
inches high. Having about eight years 



Kordofan, and were presented to the 
society by Colonel Mahon, the gallant sol- 
dier who relieved Mafeking. It will be 
observed that the legs of the animals curi- 
ously form the letter M, the initial of their 
generous donor. The other giraffe illus- 
trated is a much taller animal. 

Another of the big animals which attracts 
considerable notice is Guy Fawkes, the 
hippopotamus, born in the menagerie, 
November 5, 1872, her birthday suggesting 
a name for her from the celebrated would- 




JIM, THE OLDEST INHABITANT 



more to grow. Jingo gave every promise 
of reaching Jumbo's enormous height of 
over eleven feet. Mr. Bostock's purchase 
of Jingo, and the animal's death from sea- 
sickness — or, what is more likely, home- 
sickness — are well-known events of recent 
occurrence. 

The giraffe house, at present, contains 
three very interesting specimens of these 
costly animals, which the society has pur- 
chased on more than one occasion for 
about jC^OOO each. The two giraffes 
which are illustrated together are from 



be wrecker of Parliament. The animal is 
a very fine specimen, and is a great attrac- 
tion during the summer months when she 
is let out into her outside quarters. These 
are provided with a tremendous tank hold- 
ing about a million gallons of water, in 
which this enormous animal can totally 
submerge herself. 

The King has always taken great interest 
in the Zoo. The record year for admis- 
sion to the Zoo was the one in which His 
Majesty, then Prince of Wales, deposited 
the animals collected on his tour through 




THH TALI HST GIRAFFE IN THE ZOO 




GIRAFFES PRESENTED BY COLONEL MAHON 







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GUY FAWKES 




LORD KITCHENER'S HYBRID ZEBRA 



The Booklovers Magazine 



67 



India. The total number of visitors was 
915,764, and the income for the year was 

234.955. 

The beautiful zebras are the admiration 
of all visitors to the Zoo. The animal 
shown in the illustration was originally 
kept at Windsor, and was presented to the 
late Queen Victoria by Emperor Menelik, 
who at the same time gave a pair to Presi- 
dent Grevy, of France, after whom this 
species is named. The King last year pre- 
sented this beautiful creature to the Zoo 
with two other Grev^^s, and these three, 



on all four legs and also on the loins, and 
the "gridiron" markings extend upwards 
from the root of the tail. These are the 
only characteristics of the zebra which are 
noticeable, the great mane of the zebra 
being lacking, as are other prominent 
features. 

At the Zoo the wild Indian swine, pre- 
sented by the King, attract much interest. 
They are now fully established there. 
Since the herd of swine, which the King 
used to keep at Windsor, was abolished, 
many litters have been seen at the Zoo. 




GREVY ZEBRA PRESENTED BY THE KING 



excepting one owned by the Duke of Bed- 
ford, are the only specimens in captivity. 
All four are females. 

A most interesting animal at the Zoo is 
the hybrid zebra, a cross between a stallion 
horse and a Burchell zebra mare. This 
unique animal was sent over to the King 
by Lord Kitchener, who discovered it 
among the remounts placed at the Gen- 
eral's disposal during the Transvaal war. 
The animal is very savage and wild, no 
doubt through want of proper exercise. 
The zebra markings are distinctly visible 



All the wild swine, with perhaps one 
exception, are marked lengthwise with 
stripes when born ; and, curious to relate, 
although domesticated pigs show no signs 
of these markings, when they revert to the 
wild state, as they have done in South 
America and Africa, the young are gener- 
ally striped when born. The Indian wild 
swine are very savage if cornered, and will 
"go for" anything — man, horses, elephants 
— even though severely wounded.' The 
boars weigh about 270 pounds each, and 
are very ferocious. 




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ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT 




INDIAN WILD SWINE 



70 



The Booklovers Magazine 



We are proud that we have a verj^ fine 
specimen of the Rocky Mountain goat at 
the Zoo,theonlyonein Europe ever brought 
over alive. The specimen in the Philadel- 
phia collection, I understand, is not as fine 
as the one at our Zoo. These animals are 
solitary in their habits. They are about 
as large as full-sized sheep, and have long 
white hair, well suited to harmonize with 
their snowy surroundings. The hair, 
which is very abundant around the throat 
and neck, stands erect like a mane down 



Of all the animals at the Zoo the mar- 
supials hold the record for being "born in 
the menagerie." My photograph of the 
wallaby with young shows the head of the 
young one protruding from the pouch, 
with which all the native animals of Aus- 
tralia are provided. I can find no reliable 
testimony as to how the young are placed 
in the pouch after their premature birth. 
And no information on this subject is forth- 
coming from any of the keepers at the Zoo, 
although for years they have been close 




SULTAN 



the centre of the back. These goats range 
all through the Rocky Mountains, and it 
is with the utmost difficulty that hunters 
reach their haunts, as they usually inhabit 
the most inaccessible places. Although 
they have the credit of being extremely 
agile among their native mountains, the 
lazy and stiff manner with which the speci- 
men at the Zoo hobbles about on the very 
poor imitation of rocks with which it is 
provided, gives the impression that they 
are very dull and stupid animals. 



observers and have had exceptional facili- 
ties; not one of them knows how or when 
the transition takes place. 

The lion house contains some very fine 
specimens, two only of which can be 
shown. Sultan and his companion Mona 
were photographed upon the tree trunk 
which is placed inside the spacious den. 
Another splendid lion is Duke, a very 
handsome animal captured by Grogan and 
Sharp, those plucky explorers and authors 
who made the first journey in Africa from 



The Booklovers Magazine 



71 



south to north. This fine specimen was 
brought to the Zoo as a cub in September, 
1898, and is another example of the care 
and attention given to any animals deposited 
in the society's gardens. 

The ape house at the Zoo, built at the 
cost of £jooo, and opened to the public 
last year, is quite a new departure in the 
housing of apes and monkeys. The main 
feature of this edifice is the entire separa- 
tion of the part appropriated to the public 
from that in which the anthropoid apes are 



to handle and talk to Mickie, the pet 
chimpanzee, and to see him go through 
his performance of taking the keys out of 
his keeper's pocket, selecting the right 
one, and proceeding to unlock the door of 
his cage — never by any chance offering to 
put the key in upside down. Mickie can 
make O and X with a pencil on a slate; 
he plays at guessing which hand the larger 
piece of apple is in ; he sits up, with a basin 
and spoon, and eats as rationally as any 
" grown up "; and does things which seem 




MONA 



lodged. An extra thick plate glass screen 
forms the division and runs the entire 
length and height of the spacious building. 
Up to the present time the new scheme 
has proved most successful, as an even 
temperature can be kept up in the animals' 
quarters no matter what the outside tem- 
perature is; and this is not varied by the 
constant opening and shutting of doors. 
The public, that used to feed and handle 
the favorites in their old quarters, was at 
first greatly disappointed at not being able 



to point to reason as much as to instinct. But 
the plate glass screen has stopped Mickie's 
attraction as one of the most intelligent 
apes in captivity. There were two other 
chimpanzees in the ape house which were 
exceedingly amusing, for, although quite 
young, their blows, measured movements 
and actions, were extremely ludicrous, and 
served again to point to a power of reason- 
ing, or to an instinct far and away beyond 
anything exhibited by the more agile-tailed 
monkeys. This pair of comic duelists were 




WALLABY WITH YOJJNG 




JIM AND SUSAN 



The Booklovers Magazine 



73 



named Jim and Susan. Poor Susan (who 
is represented on the right of the illustra- 
tion) died suddenly, and poor little Jim has 
to do a comic turn all by himself. 

The new ape house also had as an 
inhabitant a proboscis-monkey {Nestor 
notabilis) which was the first specimen 
ever seen alive in Europe. It was a weakly 
creature when it arrived and did not live 



Borneo apes do not live long in captivity, 
and adult specimens are very difficult to 
obtain. Two fine ones were lost at the 
Zoo within twelve months, and the society 
has not been able to replace them. The 
ape house also contains specimens of the 
silvery gibbon and a hoolock, both very 
rare and very healthy. In our Zoo, also, 
there is a splendid collection of birds and 




MICKIE 



many weeks. It was no doubt the rarest 
monkey ever seen in captivity, and it proved 
beyond doubt the gross exaggeration of the 
drawings illustrating this monkey that are 
found in most of the works on natural 
history, and the errors that were performed 
in setting up some of the stufifed speci- 
mens seen in natural history museums. 

Ourang-outangs have been well repre- 
sented at the Zoo, but unfortunately the 



reptiles. The exhibit of birds is generally 
recognized as the largest and finest in the 
world. 





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MODERff DfflCr^BD I l!D1NG 




The modern office building was an 
entirely new problem laid before the archi- 
tects of America. The conditions that 
were to be met were growing imperative 
and still lacked answer, when a radical 
change in construction not only gave the 
true solution, but proved to be the archi- 
tectural opportunity of a generation. It 
has been an inspiring task to take these 
new conditions and mould about them an 
expressive and beautiful form. 

Twenty-five years ago the increasing 
value of land in the centre of the larger 
cities began to show itself in the greater 
height of the buildings erected for business 
purposes. At first there was a gradual and 
slight extension upward of the old type of 
structure, but a limit was quickly reached 
beyond which the extra expense of heavier 
construction outweighed the rental saved, 
and beyond which human endurance in 
stair-climbing had an end. 

The steel-skeleton and the elevator sud- 
denly opened up a field of untried possibili- 
ties. There was now no assignable limit 
to the number of stories which might be 
built, one upon another, at a reasonable 
cost, any one of which might be easily and 
quickly reached from the entrance hall on 
the ground floor. 

The consequences that were to follow 
were so various and so contrary to the pre- 
cedent of architecture that they could not 
be comprehended all at once, and as they 
were realized one by one, at first as possi- 
bilities, so radical were they that it was a 
triumph of intellectual as well as mechan- 
ical daring to put them into execution. 



First among the signs of a great revolu- 
tion, buildings appeared which soared up 
into the air and sunlight to a height three 
or four times that of the surrounding 
masses of stone and brick. The ' sky- 
scraper" had come into existence. Height 
was from the first their notable character- 
istic. Then, since the skeleton carries the 
walls, story by story, and the walls carry 
less weight than in the smallest of dwell- 
ing houses, these could be made thin and 
light, and the weight of the entire struc- 
ture was greatly reduced. All this tended 
toward airiness and delicacy of treatment. 
An increase in the size of windows, answer- 
ing a demand for brighter offices, led still 
in the same direction. 

Strange to say, at first few among our 
architects seem to have appreciated the 
new conditions as an incentive to original- 
ity. Every means was used to mitigate the 
apparent height of the new buildings ; every 
means was used to hide the mighty skele- 
ton, and to give to the walls the appear- 
ance of sustaining their own entire weight, 
as well as that of the floors and roof, as in 
buildings of the older type. Instead of 
expressing, emphasizing, the vital charac- 
teristics of the new building, instead of 
celebrating its raison d'etre in a fitting and 
beautiful garb, the architect did his utmost 
to make it look like what it was not. The 
result was naturally hypocritical, incoherent, 
and hideous. 

There were office buildings that wore 
the guise of feudal castles, and office build- 
ings in which it seemed that the roof of a 
two-story building of classic design had 




PRUDENTIAL BUILDING, BUFFALO 



A FRANK AND STRAIGHTFORWARD OFFICE BUILDING IN WHICH FUNCTION AND CON- 
STRUCTION HAVE GIVEN CHARACTER TO THE DESIGN ; THE WALLS ARE SEEN TO BE 
ONLY SCREENS, AND THE ORNAMENT HAS BEEN FITLY DESIGNED FOR THE ENRICHMENT 
OF FLAT SURFACES AND PANELS. 



The Booklovers Magazine 



77 



been lifted a hundred and fifty feet above 
the original cornice line and the space filled 
in with vast walls of an entirely different char- 
acter, different in material, in construction, 
in the style and arrangement of openings, 
and in ornament. The prestige of the old 
architecture was strong enough to control 
in large measure the outward form of these 
buildings, and, indeed, continues to do so 
to this day. The inevitable logic of physi- 
cal circumstances compelled designers to 
accept a new ideal of construction, but few 
among them believed that this called upon 
them to forsake old ideals of beauty and to 
discover a new type as individual and per- 
sonal as that of a rose or poppy, and differ- 
ing from the beauty of other buildings as 
rose or poppy differ from larkspur or 
golden rod. 

Nevertheless, certain architects felt this 
call and have lived and worked by it. Louis 
H. Sullivan said, some half dozen years ago, 
of the tall office building, that "to the art- 
ist nature, its loftiness is its thrilling aspect." 
This was the right note; recognize the 
function and constructive basis, the char- 
acter of the building, as the motive of the 
only beauty that can really belong to it, or 
seem to belong to it, and the first step is 
won. But a building may be sincere and 
functionally true, yet be the baldest of 
prose architecture; for instance, the aver- 
age factory building. 

Art must add the imperial touch of 
emphasis; "to the artist nature its lofti- 
ness is its thrilling aspect." Now the 
artist nature must so clothe the loftiness 
that it shall be irresistibly thrilling to any 
nature sensitive to such things ; that is the 
business of the artist, his function in 
society. With this in view, there will 
sooner or later appear the perfect office 
building, or better yet, and quite as possi- 
ble, several equally admirable works, as dif- 
ferent as are the various famous cathedrals. 
Experiment and partial success must alter- 
nate with prosaic barrenness until some 
true solution dawns in the intelligence of a 
man to whom the promptings and endeav- 
ors of others are the atmosphere in which 
he is to awaken to the work of lyrical 
accomplishment. 

Today is no time to dogmatize ; never- 
theless, in looking along the line of half- 
success, we can clearly see that there are 
points at which victory has been more com- 



plete than in others; some, again, where 
we have been clearly baffled. Of the mid- 
dle section, that above the second or third 
story, as the case may be, and extending to 
within a few stories of the roof, we can 
find many examples of good treatment in a 
negative sense, in which, if there is no clear 
expression of construction, there is no false 
pretense. In a few cases success has been 
quite complete ; the expression of the ver- 
tical members of the steel frame has been 
taken as a decorative motive, the walls are 
clearly seen to be screens only, not walls at 
all, in the old sense, and the decorative 
ornament has been fitly designed for the 
enrichment of flat surfaces and panels. 
Moreover, the comparative lightness of 
these screen-walls has been given pleasing 
expression in terra cotta and brick, which 
lend themselves admirably to this end. At 
the roof the traditional demand for a frieze, 
and the unwillingness of designers to let 
well enough alone, has done plenty of mis- 
chief, but it is rather in the first three 
stories that he who runs may read the 
wildest tales of nightmare-blundering in 
solid granite. 

Here, of course, has been the strongest 
tendency to adhere to old forms, which, 
then, have been repeated at the roof with 
strange effect. On the other hand, one 
excellent designer, in his effort to free him- 
self from tradition, let a fagade, otherwise 
seemingly unsupported across its whole 
width, appear to rest on an immense sheet 
of plate glass ! A simple external expres- 
sion of the girder which actually carried 
the weight developed at that line would 
have remedied this, and saved an otherwise 
admirable and original work. 

The difficulty of the problem at this par- 
ticular point lies in the fact that, while the 
mind instinctively looks for heavier walls 
and piers to support the increasing weight 
near the earth, yet because of their posi- 
tion and the uses for which they are des- 
tined, the lower stories dem.and larger 
openings than the upper. This, in order 
to secure sufficient light for the interior, 
and also because in many cases the win- 
dows are to be used for the display of 
goods. Admitting, then, the almost para- 
doxical nature of the requirements, the 
fact remains that no completely satisfac- 
tory treatment has been found. On the 
one hand, we have buildings in which the 




HARRISON BUILDING, PHILADELPHIA 



AN EXCELLENT EXAMPLE OF THE ATTEMPT TO ADAPT THE ARCHITECTURAL MOTIVES 
OF ANOTHER AGE TO MODERN NEEDS, AND TO BRING THE CHARM AND BEAUTY OF A 
CHATEAU OF OLD FRANCE INTO OUR DAILY SURROUNDINGS. 



The Booklovers Magazine 



79 



solidity and weight of the lower units satisfy 
the eye, but in which at the same time 
they are out of character with the greater 
proportion of the superstructure, and are, 
moreover, like stage properties, seeming to 
carry a weight which they really do not, 
but which is carried, as is evident above,, 
by steel columns. This group of buildings 
includes the greater part of those designed 
strictly as office buildings and those in 
which the first floor is used for banking 
purposes. On the other hand, we have a 
class in which the lower floors are frankly 
treated to secure a maximum of light and 
display space, and here almost inevitably, 
it seems, there is a sense of inadequacy 
and bareness. 

The perfect office building is, then, still 
an ideal of the future. Yet the natural 
sense of discouragement felt in the thought 
that among so many opportunities not one 
has been fully grasped is but a form of our 
national impatience. If we look at the 
other side of the account, we can hardly 
realize how much has been gained until 
we compare one of the recently completed 
buildings with the best of those dating 
from the eighties. Impressive in height 
they surely are, and each year shows a 
steady advance in the expression of the 
lightness and airy brightness that belong 
with this. So far have we gone in this 
direction that we hear of ' window-frame 
buildings," in which the outer "walls" 
are not even screens, but are reduced to a 
mere sheathing of the iron columns as a 
fireproof covering. The columns are of 
fireproof steel and the sheathing walls are 
of glass. 

Again, look at a group of them from a 
distance — see how they rise like great towers 
in the midst of the city. At their feet 
the old city lies dull and grimy ; only here 
and there a spire or tower rises to break 
the monotonous level of roofs, and only 
the white ribbon of a sunlit street or the 
green trees of some little park relieves the 
smoky grey of the desert of houses. Out 
of this, aggressive, vigorous, as if of a 
more powerful and robust race, stand these 
giants of modern construction. Other 
buildings may hide a few of their lower 
stories, but their clean vertical lines spring 
out of the confusion below into a region 
that belongs to them almost alone, and in 
which their bearing is that of the superb 



confidence and force of the nation of 
which they are the embodiment and the 
latest symbol. Have we not already, 
in the largest sense, found memorable 
expression ? 

Or, forget all their details in the growing 
dusk and look open-mindedly at them 
again; now sparkling all over with lights 
from within and so vast of height that 
the cornice is almost lost in darkness; 
men will not soon forget this ! Surely, 
something of poetry already clings to them. 

Functionally, moreover, the modern 
office building is as perfect as anything 
that man has made. The framework is 
light, economical of space and material, 
and yet is perfectly rigid. The floors and 
walls are fireproof and practically sound- 
proof, weigh but little, comparatively speak- 
ing, and the arrangement of rooms and 
halls is such that every room bears out the 
impression of brightness and airiness that 
belongs to the whole building. Then, 
again, the elevator system, the lighting 
and heating plants, and the plumbing sys- 
tems all come near to the ideal of a maxi- 
mum performance with a minimum of 
material. 

Nor can we afford to forget the far-reach- 
ing influence that this evolution has had in 
setting a new and higher standard through- 
out the physical side of architectural work; 
one which shows in smaller operations 
quite as clearly as in the larger. The 
office building of moderate size, the modern 
hotel, the store building, and even the 
dwelling house, all owe to the stringent 
demands of the sky-scraper more than to 
any other single cause a long series of dis- 
coveries and inventions in method, material, 
and design in which simplicity and economy 
are combined with completeness and effici- 
ency. Thus, the modern office building 
has not only given us a new ideal and a 
new motive in the art of architecture, 
but it also stands as the exponent of man's 
highest achievement along certain lines of 
physical endeavor. To ,the least fixture 
the building carries the impress of this 
spirit of mechanical perfection, character- 
istic of a time and people to whom per- 
formance is the criterion of all things. 



C)jw^ >^. (^ 



OJV 



^O;^ 




CORN EXCHANGE BUILDING, NEW YORK 



A SKY-SCRAPER MASQUERADING AS A FOUR-STORY BUILDING, IN PLACE OF 
ACCEPTING AND EMPHASIZING ITS DISTINCTIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF HEIGHT. 




BROADWAY CHAMBERS, NEW YORK 



NOT RADICAL IN SPIRIT, BUT EXPRESSING ITS CHARACTER WITH CONSERVATIVE 
MODERATION AND DIGNITY ; ESPECIALLY HONEST IN THE TREATMENT OF THE 
MIDDLE SECTION. 




ST. PAUL BUILDING, NEW YORK 

A PLAIN FRAUD A3 TO THE NUMBER OF STORIES, WHICH PUTS IT ENTIRELY OUT 
OF SCALE ; NEVERTHELESS IT HAS A DIGNITY DUE TO THE SIMPLICITY OF ITS LINES. 




Vg^' 



PARK ROW BUILDING, NEW YORK 



IN THIS GIANT A FRANTIC EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO DIVERSIFY THE FACADE, 
EVERY KNOWN DEVICE— ^COLUMNS, PILASTERS, CORNICES, BALCONIES, BROAD 
WINDOWS, NARROW WINDOWS, CARYATIDS, MINARETS — HAS BEEN USED IN AN 
ATTEMPT TO COVER THE SURFACE WITHOUT REPETITION. 




TACOMA BUILDING, CHICAGO 



THE FIRST BUILDING WITH STEEL CONSTRUCTION ERECTED IN CHICAGO, SHOWING 
THE LARGE WINDOW AREA WHICH ALMOST FROM THE FIRST HAS BEEN CHARAC- 
TERISTIC OF THE MODERN OFFICE BUILDING ; A DESIGN MARRED BY THE 
LACK OF PLANE SURFACES. 




MISSOURI TRUST BUILDING, ST. LOUIS 



THE LIGHT-WELL IS ACCEPTED AS AN IMPORTANT FEATURE IN THIS DESIGN ; INSTEAD 
OF BEING HIDDEN AWAY AS A NECESS/iRY EVIL IT IS USED TO GIVE INTEREST TO 
THE FACADE. I 




LAND TITLE AND TRUST BUILDING, PHILADELPHIA 



SQUARE-BUILT THROUGHOUT, DEVOID OF CHARM EITHER OF FORM OR COLOR, IT HAS 
ITS OWN VIRTUE : IT IS FRANK, AGGRESSIVE, AND TRUE TO ITS PURPOSE ; ONE WORD 
MARKS IT — UTILITY. 




ST. PAUL'S CHURCH, NEW YORK 



THE CONTRAST OF THE OLD CITY AND THE NEW — ON THE ONE LIES AN ATMOS- 
PHERE OF REPOSE ; IN THE OTHER THE URGENT PULSE OF LIFE BEATS FAST, AND 
ITS GLOW AND FORCE ARE IMAGED IN ITS TOWERING BUILDINGS. 




From photograph by Notman 



CHARLES W. ELIOT 

PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION 



A PARLIAM 




A great man, an inspiring environment, 
and an elaborate institutional device for 
promoting professional and patriotic ends 
— these are to be the outstanding features 
of the greatest educational assembly of the 
year, the forty-second annual session of the 
National Educational Association, which 
meets in Boston, July 6-10. 

The great man is Charles W. Eliot, 
president of Harvard University since 1869. 
Indififerent to adverse precedent, the Asso- 
ciation singled him out to preside at a meet- 
ing held in the city where he has only one 
rival as first citizen — Edward Everett Hale. 
His personality will dominate the adminis- 
trative and pedagogical aspects of the con- 
vention. As presiding officer at the great 
evening mass meetings in Mechanics' Hall, 
he will introduce speakers with his custom- 
ary felicity of characterization and terseness 
of speech, and will himself contribute to 
the discussion a formal presidential address 
on the "New Definition of the Cultivated 
Man." President Eliot personifies that 
type of culture and aristocracy of which 
Boston is proud, an aristocracy based on 
character rather than on money or family, 
and a culture which unites spiritual with 
intellectual attainments. He will stand 
before twenty thousand delegates and 
receive the homage which is due prodigious 
industry, unswerving loyalty to personal 
and professional ideals, candor seldom 
equalled, and conspicuous constructive and 
organizing talent. 

Other large personalities will be much 
in evidence. William T. Harris, United 
States Commissioner of Education, with 
a quiet demeanor and strictly intellec- 
tual type of personality, is always a power- 
ful influence, whether in expounding prin- 
ciples of psychology and philosophy, or 
dealing with practical issues ; and in 
formal or informal debates he is a fencer 
whose foil goes straight to the mark or 
disarms an opponent of his weapon. No one 
gives a more distinct impression of intel- 
lectual agility, of power to dissect an argu- 
ment, to objectivize truth and walk around 
it, and view it on all sides to see whether 
it indeed be truth. President G. Stanley 
Hall, of Clark University, is a prolific and 
suggestive contributor, always stirring up 



conventional folk by his unconventionality, 
plainly making known his own opinions, 
cross whose beliefs they may, and coming 
to the problems of education with the pres- 
tige of one whose training in problems of 
psychology and pedagogy has been excep- 
tionally ample and thorough. Another 
speaker of authority is Nicholas Murray 
Butler, formerly editor of the Educational 
Review, and now president of Columbia 
University. He, too, comes to the debate 
with a reserve of theoretical knowledge 
which practical educators have to respect. 
While such men as Eliot, Hall, and Butler 
stand for the higher institutions of learning, 
it is from the normal schools, high schools, 
and state and city superintendents that the 
working rank and file of the association 
are drawn, and these will be represented 
by a group of notable men. 

Confident of the result and admitting 
his superior skill the educators of Boston^ 
who might naturally have been entrusted 
with this duty, early left administrative con- 
trol of the coming convention to President 
Eliot, and last fall he at once picked out 
a working group of six young men — Mr. 
E. R. Warren, chairman, and Mr. Charles 
Francis Adams, treasurer — upon whom 
he knew he could rely for unlimited time 
and labor, and this executive committee 
of lieutenants has worked out with his 
advice and that of local educators the 
elaborate scheme of entertainment. This 
plan had the advantage of giving the gen- 
eral his choice of lieutenants, men who 
can make a business of it for a time. It 
centers responsibility both before and dur- 
ing the convention, and it relieves the school 
superintendents and teachers from exhaust- 
ing extra labor. 

Turning to environment, what will the 
delegates find at Boston, and what 
will they take away ? To many attend- 
ing the convention its formal sessions will 
be its least valuable feature. From 
South, West, and Interior hundreds are 
coming to see not only Boston but New 
England for the first time. They will 
attend the many summer schools — at 
Harvard, Woods Hole, and Martha's 
Vineyard. They will reverently travel to 
historic shrines inseparably identified with 



90 



The Booklovers Magazine 



the political and historical development of 
the nation. Concord and Lexington, 
Salem and Cambridge, the haunts of 
Hawthorne, Emerson, Whittier, Long- 
fellow, Lowell, Prescott, Motley, John 
Fiske, Margaret Fuller, Louisa M. Alcott, 
and Mary E. Wilkins will be sought out 
by thousands of the delegates. Thus, 
apart from what they gain in professional 
ways, they will take back to their homes 
an intensified Americanism and a broader 
culture. Viewed in this larger way the 
gathering has its splendid potentialties. It 
will make for nationalism as against 
provincialism. 

Boston will bestir herself to provide 
something more than the antique and his- 
toric. Musicians from her Symphony 
Orchestra and the Cecilia and Handel and 
Haydn choruses will furnish choice con- 
certs. The presidents of all her learned 
societies and best municipal agencies are 
serving in something more than a perfunc- 
tory manner on President Eliot's advisory 
committee, the plan being to put all of the 
city's resources at the service of the visitors. 
Harvard University, though not in session, 
nevertheless will keep open house for the 
benefit of the teachers. The Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology gives over 
one of its buildings as an administrative 
center. The Girls' Latin School is to 
serve as a club house for the women. 
Museums, art galleries, historical collec- 
tions will be open — and free. In short, the 
disposition is to put at the disposal of the 
host of teachers all the facilities and treas- 
ures which the city and the citizens have 
for making a sojourner's stay in the city 
broadly educational; and the program 
has been arranged so that the afternoons 
will be free for this form of instruction. 
Boston, in effect, has said, " Here I am, 
most ancient and most intelligent of cities 
of the first class. Here I have stored up 
priceless treasures — take and use them." 

From persons to environment — and 
now from environment to program and 
mechanism as a demonstration of Ameri- 
can capacity for organization. Slowly but 
surely during the thirty-two years since 
under its present name the Association 
first assembled in St. Louis those leaders 
most responsible for the success of the 
association have built up a program for 
the annual gatherings which, however 



much the speakers may change, is remark- 
able for the thoroughness with which the 
entire field of education is covered. For 
instance, at the coming assembly, in addi- 
tion to the five large evening meetings, 
when topics of general professional or 
national interest will be discussed, there 
will be held at the morning sessions more 
than thirty meetings under eighteen 
departmental subdivisions of the associa- 
tion, at which two hundred and fifty 
speakers will be heard in formal papers or 
speeches, not to mention others who will 
participate in the supplementary round- 
table conferences. 

Obviously, in planning this elaborate 
and carefully articulated program, much 
responsibility falls upon the heads of sev- 
eral departments. Hitherto they have 
worked very much in independence of each 
other and without preliminary conference 
with the president. One of the radical 
innovations of President Eliot was his 
prompt summoning to Boston, six months 
in advance of the convention, fifteen of 
the departmental heads, and with them 
undertaking the task of co-ordinating the 
program and enlisting the speakers best 
fitted to deal with specific subjects. The 
result is apparent. 

Hitherto at conventions the assembling 
of so many teachers and school officials has 
been utilized by publishers and makers of 
school apparatus for a display of text-books 
and school paraphernalia. Nothing of the 
kind will be permitted at this convention. 
It is to be an educational conference and 
not a commercial venture, and all aspects 
of commercialism in connection with it are 
to be eliminated. 

Coming more directly to the program 
itself it is seen to be full of suggestion to a 
thoughtful citizen. That the times demand 
a new definition of the term culture, and 
fresh efforts to conserve culture after it is 
redefined, is shown by President Eliot's 
choice of theme for his presidential address. 
The vital importance to the nation of ade- 
quate educational facilities in the South is 
shown by giving over one of the popular 
evening sessions to Governor Aycock, of 
North Carolina, and some of the administra- 
tive officials of the Southern Educational 
Board. Manual training and technical 
education have the center of the stage at 
another great mass-meeting ; and school 



The Booklovers Magazine 



91 



gardens, city school yards, and the sur- 
roundings of rural schools, at another 
such session. 

The ever-increasing interest in suitable 
religious education, whether in Sunday- 
schools or week-day schools, is met in a 
departmental session when Bishop J. L. 
Spalding, the eminent Roman Catholic 
prelate and thinker, Professor George A. 
Coe, of Northwestern University, who so 
rapidly is coming to the front as an author- 
ity on the psychology of religion, and Com- 
missioner Harris, will discuss the theme. 
Mr. R. W. Gilder, of the Century, will 
champion the kindergarten as an uplifting 
influence in the home and community. 
Nature study will have the championship 
of Rev. William J. Long, whose ideas of 
animals and their intelligence have recently 
called forth rather bitter condemnation from 
John Burroughs. The vexed matter of 
the length of the college course necessary 
to gain the bachelor's degree, and the time 
of preparation for professional schools, will 
be argued by Presidents Eliot of Harvard 
and Butler of Columbia University. 

Symptomatic of the new outlook of the 
nation beyond itself toward the trade of 
the world, and a sign of the demand that 
our schools fit our children and youth to 
enter better in competition commercially 
with youth trained in German and French 
schools — England's competition we have 
little reason to fear — is the topic of " Trade 
Schools" to be discussed both from the 
manufacturer's and from the educator's 
point of view, and as to the technique of 
their organization and the probable rela- 
tion of trades-unions to them. Further- 
more, a report will be presented by a 
committee of ten experts, appointed at the 
last meeting, who will formulate a com- 
mercial course for American high schools. 

Such themes as these are prophetic of a 
new day in esthetics and in politics in this 
country. We are to be keener lovers of 
beauty, and are to train our youth more 
and more in handicrafts that will minister 
to the beautiful. We are to capture the 
markets of the world by adding to our 
natural talent for business and industry, 
and to our unrivalled natural resources, the 
best trained body of artisans and business 
men in the world, not excepting the Ger- 
mans. And hereafter our political foreign 
policy is to reflect our trade policy, which is 



to be one of expansion and reaching out 
to the ends of the earth. 

One cannot glance over these and the 
many other themes to be discussed by this 
convention without being deeply impressed 
with the inclusiveness of the word educa- 
tion, as it is defined by American educators, 
and also with the area of territory from 
which professional experts can be drawn 
to discuss technical problems. The East 
may furnish the president and the meeting 
place this year, but the participants in the 
convention and its governing personalities 
under normal conditions are principally 
from the Interior and West. The inhabi- 
tants of the Mississippi valley shape the 
politics of the country now, and their 
educators control the National Educational 
Association. New England in the earlier 
years of its history furnished a dispropor- 
tionate number of officers because of her 
acknowledged primacy in matters educa- 
tional. But that day is past. Education in 
the Interior and West has great common- 
wealths back of it, from kindergarten to 
university. In New England the colleges 
and universities are dependent on private 
benefactions; and, as President Eliot has 
recently intimated, in such competition 
between donors the state-backed systems 
must win. 

Appraised independently of its technical 
or professional value, an assemblage which 
brings together twenty thousand influen- 
tial molders of opinion from every state 
and territory in the union, and enables 
them to rise above sectional points of view 
to the plane of national unity and kindred 
oneness as citizens of a nation, is to be 
rated as a valuable medium for the unifi- 
cation of opinion in matters political and 
ethical as well as pedagogical. Its heroes 
are men of peace and wisdom. Its 
enthusiasms are not the passions of a 
thoughtless mob but the sentiments of 
disciplined minds and seekers after the 
ideal. It will be worth going many miles 
to see the spectacle when the vast 
audience of teachers rises to its feet to 
salute its president and begin the vital 
discussions of the convention. 




t^i^^S-^ 



^ 



o-rT^O 



The CongregationalistJ 




Courtesy of Collier's Weekly 



A> CLOSE CALL 




Three RemarKable Inventions 

One after another, almost within the 
space of a single year, Mr. Peter Cooper 
Hewitt, of New York City, has given the 
world three remarkable electrical inven- 
tions. Any one of them would be suffi- 
cient to make a man famous; the three 
have placed Mr. Hewitt in the very front 
rank of present-day inventors and scien- 
tists. So high an authority as Lord Kelvin, 
the greatest of living electricians, said after 
his recent visit to this country: 

What attracted me most in America 
was the work of Mr. Peter Cooper Hewitt 
and his vacuum lamp." 

And the public at large is quite as deeply 
concerned as the scientists, for the new 
inventions have an intimate importance 
for every man, woman, and child in the 
country. 

Briefly, this is their essence and signifi- 
cance : 

First. — The new electric lamp. 

On an evening in January, 1902, a great 
crowd was attracted to the entrance of the 
Engineers' Club in New York City. Over 
the doorway a narrow glass tube gleamed 
with a strange blue-green light of such 
intensity that print was easily readable 
across the street, and yet so softly radiant 
that one could look directly at it without 
the sensation of blinding discomfort which 
accompanies nearly all brilliant artificial 
lights. The light was dififerent from any- 
thing ever seen before, grateful to the eyes, 
much like daylight, only giving the face a 
curious, pale green, unearthly appearance. 
The cause of this phenomenon was soon 



evident ; the tubes were seen to give forth 
all the rays except red — orange, yellow, 
green, blue, violet — so that under its illum- 
ination the room and the street without, 
the faces of the spectators, the clothing of 
the women lost all their shades of red; 
indeed, changing the very face of the world 
to a pale green-blue. Here was an entirely 
new sort of electric light. The familiar 
incandescent lamp, the invention of 
Thomas A. Edison, though the best of all 
methods of illumination, is also the most 
expensive. Mr. Hewitt's lamp, though 
not yet adapted to all purposes served by 
the Edison lamp, on account of its peculiar 
color, produces eight times as much light 
with the same amount of power. It is 
also practically indestructible, there being 
no filament to burn out ; and it requires 
no special wiring. By means of this inven- 
tion electricity, instead of being the most 
costly means of illumination, becomes the 
cheapest — cheaper even than kerosene. 

Second. — A new, cheap, and simple 
method of converting alternating electrical 
currents into direct currents. 

The apparatus now in use is cumber- 
some, expensive, and wasteful. Mr. 
Hewitt's new converter is a mere bulb of 
glass or of steel, which a man can hold in 
his hand. A three-pound Hewitt converter 
will do the work of a seven-hundred-pound 
apparatus of the old type ; it will cost dol- 
lars where the other costs hundreds; and 
it will save a large proportion of the elec- 
tricity wasted in the old process. By this 
simple device, therefore, Mr. Hewitt has 
in a moment extended the entire range of 
electrical development. Every electric 



94 



The Booklovers Magazine 



railroad, every lighting plant, every factory 
using electricity, is intimately concerned in 
Mr. Hewitt's device, for it will cheapen 
their power, and thereby cheapen their 
products to you and to me. 

Third. — The third invention is in some 
respects the most wonderful of the three. 
Technically, it is called an electric inter- 
rupter or valve. 

The chief demand for an interrupter has 
come from the scores of experimenters who 
are working with wireless telegraphy. Who 
has not read with profound interest the 
news of Mr. Marconi's success? Who 
has not sympathized with his effort to 
perfect his machine, to produce a tuning 
apparatus by means of which messages 
flying through space could be kept secret ? 
And here at last has come the invention 
w^hich science most needed to complete 
and vitalize Marconi's work. By means 
of Mr. Hewitt's interrupter, the simplicity 
of which is as astonishing as its efficiency, 
the whole problem has been suddenly 
and easily solved. Mr. Hewitt's new 
interrupter may, indeed, be called the 
enacting clause of wireless telegraphy. By 
its use the transmission of powerful and 
persistent electrical waves is reduced to 
scientific accuracy. The apparatus is not 
only cheap, light, and simple, but it is also 
a great saver of electrical power. — Ray 
Stannard Baker, in JUcClure's Magazine. 



Humors of the Pencil 

Any emotion can be shown in eight 
lines so convincingly that there can be no 
doubt as to what is intended. The slight- 
est turn of one or more of these lines will 
change gladness to misery. A few lines 
will suggest President Roosevelt so that 





An old-fashioned plug hat and some 
straggly whiskers suggest Mr. Kruger. 
Instead of being portraits they are merely 
symbols that mean certain people — symbols 
which newspaper readers become familiar 
with and which never fail to suggest the 
people they stand for. 

Just as certain symbols mean famous 
men, so other symbols stand for imaginary 
people. For instance, a fat man generously 
besprinkled with diamonds, gorgeously 
adorned with side-whiskers and a silk hat, 
is the symbol used to express "capital" or 
"trust." An anxious-looking man loaded 




down with bundles stands for a suburban- 
ite. Old maids always wear spectacles 
and ringlets; family men usually are wheel- 
ing a baby-carriage ; club-women are shown 
with high foreheads, contracted browns, and 
ample avoirdupois. Uncle Sam is always 
the tall, gaunt gentleman with an old-fash- 
ioned beaver hat, a wisp of beard trimmed 
a la Capricorn, and trousers a few inches 
too short. Just why the United States 
should be so represented nowadays is past 



no one could mistake the intention, even 
though the picture does not look like him. 





The Booklovers Magazine 



95 



finding out, unless it is because we dislike 
to give up our old traditions. The mod- 
ern Uncle Sam should be a clean, up-to- 
date, aggressive business man with million- 
dollar bills sticking from his pockets and a 
copy of the Monroe Doctrine embossed on 
his shirt-front. Then he would be typical 
of us. 

A cartoonist is seldom a good judge of 
what will strike the popular fancy. Fre- 
quently the drawing that he labors over 
and considers exceedingly successful will 
never bring forth a single word of com- 
mendation, whereas some little feature 
that he regards as inconsequential may 
appeal to popular favor with mighty force 
and unanimity. 

An instance in my own experience proves 
how true this is. At the beginning of the 
campaign of 1896 I was working hard and 
conscientiously on political cartoons. Peo- 
ple looked at them and occasionally said 
pleasant things. But one day I inadvert- 
ently drew a dog — a rather ungainly but 
good-natured canine, merely to supply a 
needed detail in the composition of the 
cartoon. The next day, with similar pur- 
pose, I drew another 
dog that looked like 
the first dog. A sub- 
scriber wrote in and 
asked what the dog 
meant. The third 
day, just for fun, I 
drew the dog again. 
He was wisely listen- 
ing to something 
Mr. Hanna was saying. A dozen letters 
swooped in and a dozen persons demanded 
to know what the dog meant. The dog 
then became a fixture, and with each day 
the letters from anxious inquirers grew 
in number, until a perfect avalanche 
descended upon the office. '*What does 
the dog mean?" "Why is that dog 
always around watching the progress of 
the campaign — now with McKinley, now 
with Bryan, and now with 
Hanna?" "What is the 
deep-hidden significance ? ' ' 
In a month it seemed to 
those around that particular 
newspaper as though the 
Presidential campaign had 
become almost totallyeclipsed 
by the mystery of the dog. 





Thousands of letters came in from all cor- 
ners of the country. If a day passed when 
the dog failed to appear there was a storm 
of solicitous inquiries from mothers and 
children, and even from men whose 
thoughts might presumably have been 
upon larger afifairs. One day when Mr. 
Cleveland accidentally rocked on the dog's 
tail there was a flood of letters suggesting 
various remedies, and great relief the next 
day when the dog appeared with no visible 
sign of disaster beyond a bandage wound 
around the injured member. When people 
spoke of me it was as author of the dog, 
whereas I aspired to a more honorable 
thing. All of my serious work apparently 
counted for naught, and I really began to 
fear that forevermore I should be known 
only through my association with the 
homely, good-natured creature that inhab- 
ited my cartoons. — John T. McCutcheoriy 
in The Saturday Evening Post. 



How Mosquitoes Pass the 
Winter 

It is well known that mosquitoes hiber- 
nate in the adult state ; a certain number 
of these unpleasing insects pass the winter 
in various retreats — in slaughter houses, 
granaries, cellars, etc., and in the spring 
they resume active life and multiply their 
kind. Hibernation, however, does not 
always take place in the adult form only; 
the larvae can also pass the winter with 
safety. This has been shown by the 
observations of Mr. John B. Smith made 
during the winter of 1901-1902 and at the 
end of 1902. The winter cold does not 
regularly destroy aquatic larvae. They 
will bear a considerable degree of it ; they 
have been seen surrounded with ice, the 
water having frozen around them, and 
after the melting of the solid envelope they 
still lived. The same larvae may be alter- 
nately frozen up and melted several times 
in the course of the winter. Certain species 
hibernate in the adult state; others in the 
larval state also; others only in the larval 
state, and some hibernate in the ^gg. But 
many have hibernating larvae; with many 
the larvae passthe winter under the ice, orin 
the ice, without the least injury. It may 
easily be seen that cold will not kill mos- 
quitoes, for numbers of polar explorers 



96 



The Booklovers Magazine 



have noted the abundance of the insects 
in the regions of ice ; and it is well known 
that the mosquitoes are one of the plagues 
of the summer in the moist parts of Alaska. 
— 1{evue Scientifique^ translated for The 
Literary Digest. 



A Labor Cabinet 

The Independent Labor party in the 
British House of Commons is becoming 
more conspicuous with every parliament. 
Of those represented in the illustration on 
the opposite page Mr. John Burns and Mr. 
J. Keir Hardie are well known both in 
England and America. It is about ten 
years since they first secured seats as re- 
presentatives of the people. They have 
rigidly held aloof from party affiliation, 
though from the very nature of their cause 
they find themselves more in sympathy 
with the Liberal party than the Conserva- 
tive, particularly when the Liberal party is 
out of power. Messrs. Shackleton, Bell, 
and Crooks are more recent acquisitions 
to the ranks of the parliamentary labor 
party, Mr. Crooks having in fact come in 
only during the past winter when he 
achieved one of the most notable electoral 
triumphs on record by converting an enor- 
mous Conservative majority into a sub- 
stantial minority. All the labor members 
are intelligent representative workingmen 
of the best class, clear-headed, of simple 
tastes and habits, and well able to hold 
their own in debate. 



Dangerous College Tendencies 

The peril of the small college is the 
peril of all colleges, the temptation of 
advertising. All boasting is self-cheapen- 
ing. The small college can do good ele- 
mentary work in several lines. It can do 
good advanced work in a very few. If it 
keeps its perspective, if it does only what 
it can do well, and does not pretend that 
bad word is good work, or that the work 
beyond its reach is not worth doing, it is 
in no danger. 

The great college can draw the best 
teachers away from the small colleges. It 
has the best teachers, the best trained, the 
best fitted for the work of training. But 
in most cases the freshman never discovers 



this. There is no worse teaching done 
under the sun than in the lower classes of 
some of our most famous colleges. Cheap 
tutors, unpractised and unpaid boys are 
set to lecture to classes far beyond their 
power to interest. We are saving our 
money for original research, careless of the 
fact that we fail to give the elementary 
training which makes research possible. 
Too often, indeed, research itself, the 
noblest of all university functions, is made 
an advertising fad. The demands of the 
university press have swollen the literature 
of science, but they have proved a doubt- 
ful aid to its quality. Get something ready. 
Send it out. Show that we are doing 
something. All this never advanced sci- 
ence. It is through men born to research, 
trained to research, choicest product of 
nature and art, that science advances. 

The spirit of advertising leads some insti- 
tutions to tolerate a type of athlete who 
comes as a student with none of the stu- 
dent's purpose. I am a firm believer in 
college athletics. I have done my part in 
them in college and out. I know that 
" the color of life is red"; but the value of 
athletic games is lost when outside gladia- 
tors are hired to play them. No matter 
what the inducement, the athletic contest 
has no value except as the spontaneous 
effort of the college man. To coddle the 
athlete is to render him a professional. If 
an institution makes one rule for the ordi- 
nary student and another for the athlete it 
is party to a fraud. Without some such 
concession, half the great football teams of 
today could not exist. I would rather see 
footbail disappear and the athletic fields 
closed for ten years for fumigation than to 
see our colleges helpless in the hands of 
athletic professionalism, as many of them 
are today. 

There is something wrong in our educa- 
tional practice when a wealthy idler is 
allowed to take the name of student, on 
the sole condition that he and his grooms 
shall pass occasional examinations. There 
is no justification for the granting of 
degrees on cheap terms, to be used in 
social decoration. It is said that the chief 
of the great coaching trust in one of our 
universities earns a salary greater than was 
ever paid to any honest teacher. His func- 
tion is to take the man who has spent the 
term in idleness or dissipation, and, by a 




From Black and White, by arrangement 



A CABINET OF LABOR 



98 



The Booklovers Magazine 



few hours' ingenious coaching, to enable 
him to write a paper as good as that of a 
real student. The examinations thus 
passed are mere shams, and by the toler- 
ance of the system the teaching force 
becomes responsible for it. No educa- 
tional reform of the day is more important 
than the revival of honesty in regard to 
credits and examinations. 

The same methods which cure the aris- 
tocratic ills of idleness and cynicism are 
equally effective in the democratic vice of 
rowdyism. The rowdy, the mucker, the 
hair-cutting, gate-lifting, cane-rushing 
imbecile is never a real student. He is a 
gamin masquerading in cap and gown. 
The requirement of scholarship brings him 
to terms. — David Starr Jordan, in Popular 
Science Monthly. 



Democracy versus Caste 

Literature is, after all, only the reflex of 
a national life; and to this day the national 
life of Scotland differs essentially from that 
of England. The theory of society in the 
geographical area called England remains, 
among many changes, dominantly one of 
caste. Scotland, on the other hand, is 
essentially a democracy. The consequence 
is that the classes in Scotland are being 
perpetually kept in a state of solution and 
sediment; whereas in England they tend 
to assume the character of a hard crust. In 
Scotland the strong, generating impulses 
come from the bottom. In England the 
influence is from the top downward. 

This shifting of the social centre of 
gravity has had a remarkable influence on 
the literature of Scotland, for, with a few 
exceptions, notably that of Scott, the pro- 
ducers of that literature have come from 
the people. There has been no parallel 
to the class which we call English men of 
letters. The characteristic creative litera- 
ture of Scotland has, in the main, come 
from the soil or from the wage-earning 
class — from Burns, the plougfiman; Hogg, 
the shepherd; Carlyle, the stonemason's 
son ; and even the universities, democratic 
as they always have been, cannot boast of 
the literary lineage of the simple, but 
thorough, parish school. In England, on 
the other hand, it is "the classes" who 
have produced the best writers, on the 



whole, from the days of Chaucer, the pro- 
fessional courtier. 

I think it is to this fact that we owe the 
distinctive feature of the most character- 
istic Scots literature — the quality of inti- 
mateness. It is unnecessary to describe to 
a generation which has read Margaret 
Ogilvy and The Little White Bird exactly 
what is meant by intimateness in literature. 
It is easy to understand how this art tends 
to become puerile and mawkish, and how 
many opportunities it ofifers for ridicule, 
such as Mr. Crosland has bestowed upon 
it. But intimateness has done this for 
Scotland ; it has made its literature part of 
the average man's life in a manner which 
has no parallel in England, with perhaps 
the sole exception of Dickens, who illus- 
trates my proposition of the great value to 
a writer of coming freshly from the people 
without the intervention of that intellect- 
ual caste feeling which makes a man be 
sparing in his emotional means. — /. M. 
Bulloch, in The Lamp. 



Where Froude Was Wrong 

It is never wise, and seldom decent, to 
interfere between man and wife. You 
cannot hope to know the real facts, even 
if you condescend to collect gossip. If 
Mr. Froude had only been content to leave 
the matter alone, and do his plain duty as 
an honest and discreet editor of the Remi- 
niscences and Letters and Memorials, we 
should have been spared a "pluister" and 
splutter which still endures. 

The time for repose had come at last, 
But long, long after the storm is past 
Rolls the turbid, turbulent billow, 

Froude's notion, that Carlyle prepared 
the Letters and Memorials in a spirit of 
deep, abid;ing remorse, as of a man self- 
convicted of horrid selfishness, is extremely 
far-fetched. What,- in Froude's opinion, 
was the head and -front of Carlyle's offend- 
ing? His devotion for Lady Ashburton. 
But nowhere else does Carlyle state his 
admiration for this gracious lady so strongly 
and so unabashedly as he does in these very 
Memorials. It does not weigh upon his 
mind or poison his memory one atom. 
What cut Carlyle to the heart was the 
sadness of his wife's life, he being of grim 
necessity absorbed in his French Revolu- 



The Booklovers Magazine 



99 



tions, Cromzvells, and Fredericks^ whilst 
she, thriftiest of wives, was grappling with 
narrow means and ungracious circum- 
stance. He longed to let the world know 
how brilliant was her wit, how lively her 
pen, how great her courage. As for Mrs. 
Carl^^le, she knew well enough, be her 
grievances what they might, that she had 
by her marriage secured for herself the very 
fittest audience for her peculiar humor to 
be found in all Europe. Carlyle never, 
from first to last, ceased to admire his 
wife's somewhat bitter tongue, though the 
'cauldness" of the blast sometimes made 
even him shiver. Was it nothing to have 
such constant appreciation from such a 
man? Suppose she had married a fool — 
no difficult thing to do, according to the 
Carlylian statistics ! Poor fool 1 Her 
health was bad and her mode of drugging 
herself portentous (and she a doctor's 
daughter), but until her last years her 
vitality remained amazing. 

Take a day at random, August 13th, 
1855; she is fifty-four, and what does she 
do? She is up betimes, and catches the 
eight o'clock Chelsea boat, *'with a good 
tide," for London Bridge Station, where 
she buys herself a third-class return ticket 
to Brighton, which place she reaches in an 
open railway carriage "without the least 
fatigue." On alighting at Brighton she 
plunges into the sea, and after the bath 
walks along the shore to an inn, which, as 
usual, she finds noisy and dirty. She con- 
tinues her stroll along the cliffs till she 
reaches Rottingdean, four miles ofif. She 
falls in love with Rottingdean, and fixes 
upon a cottage as the very place she has 
long been searching for as a summer retreat. 
She dines at the little inn, devouring two 
fresh eggs, a plateful of home-baked bread 
and butter, and a pint bottle of Guinness. 
She lies on the cliffs for an hour and a half, 
and then walks back to Brighton, and 
searches up and down its streets for the 
agent, whose name and address she had 
got wrong. At last she finds him, and 
almost commits herself to the cottage. 
She travels back to London Bridge, walks 
to St. Paul's, where she gets a Chelsea 
omnibus, alighting at a shop near home to 
write the agent a letter, and then on foot 
to 5 Cheyne Row. The next day she 
complains of a little stififness. This is sus- 
piciously like "rude health." Had anyone 



ever ventured to be '* wae" for Mrs. Car- 
lyle to her face, I wish I could believe she 
would not have replied with one of her 
favorite Annandale stories: " Damn ye ! — 
be wae for yersel." 

It must, I think, be admitted that it was 
Froude who, in cricketing phrase, " has 
queered the pitch." 

The mischief once done, it was certain 
and right that an attempt to undo it should 
be made. If we were to have so much, a 
little more material of an explanatory and 
mitigating nature may perhaps be wel- 
comed. — Augustine Birrell, in The Nine- 
teenth Century. 



"How We Saved for a Home" 

A Young Couple Did it in Ninety=five years 

How did we do it? Simply by going 
without everything we needed. When I 
was first married my salary was thirty 
dollars a month. 

My mother-in-law, who lived with us, 
decided to save enough out of my salary to 
build us a home. 




tf-:.::^ i 



Copyright by Life Publishing Co. 



By special permission 



When the cellar was finished, I became 
ill and lost my position, and had to mort- 
gage the cellar to make my first payment. 

Although we went without food for 
thirty days the first year, we never missed 
a monthly payment. 

The taxes, interest on mortgage and 
monthly payment on house were now three 
times the amount of my earnings. 



100 



The Booklovers Magazine 



However, by dispensing with the service 
of a doctor, we lost our father and mother- 
in-law. which so reduced our expenses that 
we were able to pay for the parlor floor 
and windows. 

In ten years seven of our nine children 
died, possibly owing to our diet of excelsior 
and prunes. 

I only mention these little things to show 
how we were helped in saving for a home. 

I wore the same overcoat for fifteen 
years, and was then able to build the front 
porch, which you see at the right of the 
front door. 

Now, at the age of eighty-seven, my 
wife and I feel sure we can own our com- 
fortable little home in about ten years and 
live a few weeks to enjoy it. — H. M. 
Perley^ m Life, 



The Lost Art of Singing 

The indulgent English audience has no 
artistic necessities to be outraged by the 
incompetent singer, who is generally sure 
of applause if his performance, while false 
for the artist, has been true for the senti- 
mentalist. Meretricious ways of moving 
us must then be sternly discountenanced 
if we are to have art and not music-hall 
performances. What should we say of the 
violinist who snapped a string to express 
pathos or despair, and why do we tolerate 
the same class of expedients in a singer? 
So popularity wedded to spurious sentiment 
have combined to rob us of good singing. 
Today we have either the declaimer or the 
diseur ; we have no longer the cantante. 
We roar, scream, or warble, we talk or we 
declaim, we pour out sentiment and "class- 
ical taste" — but,we do not sing. We are 
all accustomed to voices completely 
strangled in the throat, with no resonance, 
no limpidity. Our baritones, it would seem, 
must burst a blood vessel when taking sol, 
our contraltos have two voices — one below 
and one above "the break of the voice." 
What should we say to a "new" Stradi- 
rarius which had the timbre of a 'cello for 
half its extension and blossomed out into a 
vioHn timbre for the remainder? Has the 
cornet, which takes the solo part in the 
orchestra, one uniform voice, or three Oi 
four dififerent voices, according as it sounds 
a low, a middle, or a high note ? Are not 



the effects of ail instruments obtained by 
greater and less intensity of sound, not by 
difference of structure and register? The 
vulgar idea is that vocal effects are obtained 
by inequality of production ; but they are 
effects like those of our new StradivariuSy 
the effects of an imperfect string or an 
imperfect wind instrument. An art may 
die of too much popularity, and this 
moment has come when the cantante^ 
instead of interpreting great traditions to 
an audience, waits upon their ignorance, 
like some Latter-Day minister on his con- 
gregation. — M. A. Tuker, in Nineteenth 
Century. 



The Influence of An^erican 
Wealth on Divorce 

The bulk of those who spend (not 
necessarily who make) huge incomes here 
have but a shallow emotional soil to work 
upon. Their souls seem undeveloped, 
their minds are incredibly uncultivated. A 
real "intelligent foreigner" — it may have 
been Mr. James Bryce, orit may have been 
?vlatthew Arnold — after a round of fashion- 
able house-parties, once threw himself into 
our easy-chair with a sigh of relief, and 
delivered himself of what our Whitman 
would have termed a yawp — though a 
cultivated one. He had been from palace 
to palace — from Trianons to Georgian 
residences, from copies of Chenonceaux to 
imitations of the Hermitage — and he swore 
(he did swear) that in all that time he 
had not seen the outside of a book or any 
one who talked as if he had seen the inside 
of one. Wonderful tapestries there were, 
and great pictures, and even beautiful gar- 
dens, and bronzes and ormolus and jades — 
and the women wore exquisite frocks. 
But, even the men who create our fortunes 
seem occasionally to have sunk the higher 
powers of their mind in a fixed capital with 
the other assets of the trust — they have no 
mind left for circulation in society. And 
it is easier to be a connoisseur in bric-a-brac 
and pictures, or understand the points of 
horses, than to buy and understand good 
books. 

Hence their minds are shallow. And, to 
our mind, this shallowness of their sinning 
is the cheapest sin. Humanity — though it 
may not dare proclaim it — has some respect 



The Booklovers Magazine 



101 



for an eternal emotion, though iUicit ; for 
even an ungovernable passion, though 
wrecking lives. But for adultery, ever care- 
ful of the forces of law, a Francesca who 
turns up smiling with her Paul at the next 
dinner party, a Lovelace who waits for the 
last husband's settlements, a Helen who 
goes to Paris with her husband — it has 
nothing but contempt. Passions which 
do not wreck lives are simply nasty. 

That is why, as it seems to us, the spend- 
ing of great fortunes, without responsibility 
and without intelligence, by persons with- 
out a mind for the higher enjoyments of 
life, is in great part a cause of our numer- 
ous divorces. The newly rich, the idle 
spenders, are like a shallow soil too quickly 
fertilized, too suddenly exposed in the 
forcing-house of prosperity. Shallowness 
of nature brings ennui of life. And that 
is why (as we hold) our public opinion — 
and our religious opinion — should have 
even less patience with a world that sins 
in play than with those who sin in truth. 
— Harper's Weekly. 



The Satirist of the Girl 
Proposition 

Of the Fables in Slang we. have now four 
volumes and several hundreds of them, 
forming a splendid triumph on terms which 
might well have warranted defeat after the 
first twenty or thirty. But our life, our 
good, kind, droll, ridiculous American life, 
is really inexhaustible, and Mr. Ade, who 
knows its breadths aid depths as few others 
have known them, drops his net into it 
anywhere, and pulls it up full of the queer 
fish which abound in it. There seems 
never a doubt of a catch in his mind, and 
so far there has been no failure. The form 
of these fables helps itself out with capital 
letters such as the nouns and other chief 
words of the old printings of ^Esop used 
to wear, and there is a mock moral tagged 
to each, but each is really a little satire, 
expressing itself in the richest and freshest 
slang, but of a keenness which no most 
polished satire has surpassed, and of a can- 
did complicity with the thing satirized — 
our common American civilization, namely 
— which satire has never confessed before. 
I am trying to get round to saying a thing 
I find difficult — that is, how the author 
deposits his varying people in their varying 




HANDICAPPED 

what's bothering the professor ? 

HE can't remember HIS OWN NAME. 

WHY doesn't HE TRY WRITING IT DOWN ? 

HE DID THAT BUT COULDN'T READ HIS OWN WRITING. 

— "Brooklyn Life 

situations without a word of excuse or 
palliation for either, in the full confidence 
that so far as you are truly American you 
will know them, and as far as you are truly 
honest you will own yourself of their breed 
and more or less of their experience. I will 
not load up this slight paper with any 
statement or analysis of them ; everybody 
has read them, and knows what they are. 
and how, while they deal with any or every 
phase of our motley yet homogeneous exist- 
ence, they deal chiefly with its chief inter- 
est, as it is, or as it has been, which the 
author calls The Girl Proposition. 

He gives that name to his latest volume 
of fables, but it is the nature of nearly all. 
Somehow, more or less, they centre in it. 
Sometimes it is the old-girl proposition : 
the relation of husbands and wives in mar- 
riage and divorce; but mainly it is the 
young-girl proposition, as it should be in a 
republic so pastoral as ours, where the inno- 



102 



The Booklovers Magazine 



cent love-making, innocent however vulgar, 
of youthful unmarried people is the national 
romance. He divined that this was the 
great national concern, or else he has 
recognized it as such without being at the 
pains of any previous inspiration; and he 
has made it the ever-fascinating theme of 
his fables, as he had made it the theme of 
those earlier stories of his which one can 
hardly call novels. But even when the girl 
proposition is not the theme of his alle- 
gory, it is so joy-givingly true to the cir- 
cumstance and character which no one can 
deny, that when the fable comes with each 
successive Sunday paper, and you sit down 
to it, you are sure of five minutes away 
from all the tiresome unreality and pretense 
of the workaday week, and experience 
something of the bliss of looking at your 
own photograph, either as you once were 
or as you are now. — W . D. Howells, in 
North American Review. 



A Dream of Empire 

If I were a German, and permitted my- 
self to indulge in dreams for the future, I 
should create in my thoughts a great 
Austro-German Empire, with twin capitals 
(it may be) at Hamburg and at Constanti- 
nople, with ports on the Baltic, on the 
North Sea, on the Adriatic, the ^gean, 
and the Black Sea — an Empire, a Confed- 
eration which should eventually extend its 
influence through Asia Minor and Meso- 
potamia to the vicinity of the Persian Gulf. 
This continuous empire from the mouth 
of the Elbe to the mouth of the Euphrates 
is surely as glorious a dream as any great 
nation might caress. This empire might 
not include all the northern parts of Asia 
Minor ; it might have to leave outside its 
limits Syria and Palestine ; Greece, contin- 
ental and insular, for the memory of its 
past and the hope of its future, should 
always be an independent State ; Arabia 
and Egypt must be left to the influence of 
England ; Tripoli and Barca to France and 
Italy — mainly to the latter Power. But 
this new Confederation of the Nearer East 
would be, on a larger scale, a repetition of 
what Germany now is — an Empire of 
many confederating States, large and small, 
with a common fleet and army for extra- 
territorial purposes, a common foreign and 



fiscal policy. The Kingdom of Poland 
might be reconstituted. The Kingdoms 
of Bohemia and Hungary become in reality 
kingdoms, with kings similar to those 
who rule over Wiirtemberg, Bavaria, and 
Saxony ; and in like manner there would 
be Kingdoms of Servia, Bulgaria, Albania, 
and Macedonia, a Republic of Constanti- 
nople, like the Republic of Hamburg ; a 
Free City of Smyrna, like the Free City of 
Bremen; a Government over Mesopotamia, 
like the Imperial State of Alsace-Lorraine. 
Roumania's connection with this new 
German Empire might be that of a 
friendly, -but independent, ally, similar to 
the position occupied by Greece. — Sir 
Harry Johnston (of Uganda) in The Berlin 
Fmanz Chronik. 



Irving as Dante 

Judged by its own standard, this 
" immense production " — that is quite the 
fittingexpression — may probably be counted 
a success, but why this particular author 
(Sardou) and, more especially, this partic- 
ular actor (Irving) should choose so low 
a standard is not easy to say. M. Victorien 
Sardou is a dramatist of great and varied 
talents — the author of many extremely 
clever society comedies which attracted all 
Paris for at least a dozen years. How 
comes it that at the end of a brilliant 
career the imaginer of Patrie, Rahagas^ 
and Les Pattes de Mouche, should turn out 
such bald, lifeless, undramatic work as 
Robespierre and, now, Dante f It is not 
that story and incident are wanting, it is 
that they are presented in so unconvincing 
a fashion as to lose all effect ; it is that the 
old power of characterization is scarcely 
visible. Then Sir Henry Irving. Here is 
an actor acknowledged to be the Head of 
our Stage, one held in honor and beloved 
by all theatre-goers. He has been a most 
distinguished performer in our great 
national drama, in eccentric comedy, in 
melodrama. The father in The Two 
Roses, Shylock, Don Quixote, these and 
many others attest that in spite of marked 
physical peculiarities and exceptionally 
strong mannerisms he can cover a wide 
range of great parts. What is he doing in 
this second-rate, artificial drama, composed, 
apparently, as a frame-work for scenery, 



The Booklovers Magazine 



103 




.DANTE ON THE MODERN STAGE 

SIR HENRY IRVING AS DANTE; MISS LENA ASH WELL AS PIA 

— The Sketch 



dresses, properties, and the wonders of the 
electric light ? 

But let us take what M. Sardou has 
been pleased to give, and make the best of 
it. The atmosphere is undeniably good. 
Scenery (also from France), appropriate 
dresses, the brilliant glare of an Italian 
sun, the heavy, fever-laden miasma of 
Maremma, the groupings and movements 
of suoernumeraries, these are all admirably 
true, and all bring before the audience the 



age and the place. So far, praise may be 
unstinted, but, then, so far there is no 
drama in our sense. It is a salmagundi of 
exciting episodes set in beautiful scenery, 
but it is not a play. The chord of human- 
ity is not once struck. No one this side 
of the footlights cares a pin what becomes 
of anyone the other side. I had almost 
forgotten to say that Beatrice once appears 
— in a vision by no means well contrived. 
Sir Henry is charming in the quiet 



104 



The Booklovers Magazine 



scenes and well represents the righter of 
wrongs. His voice is in good state, and is 
used with discretion. His appearance is a 
perfect picture — he is every inch the 
traditional Dante. Miss Lena Ashwell 
gives a beautiful performance of the mother 
in the prologue, and of the daughter 
afterwards. 

No, whatever else it may be, Dante 
is not a play. — London Pilot. 



The World Beyond Our Senses 

Beyond all that the eye may see, that 
ear may hear, that hands may feel, outside 
of taste or smell — outside of any native 
sense — there lies an unseen, unheard, unfelt 
universe whose fringe we are just begin- 
ning to explore. 

A flash, so to speak, from this supra- 
sensual world came with the discovery of 
the Rontgen rays. It is now eight years 
since we first learned that we may look 
straight into our bodies and see our bones, 
that in this light even great books of phil- 
osophy become quite clear — transparent, 
even ; and the wonder has a little died. 
But they are still called X-rays, for we still 
do not know what they are nor where 
they belong. 

What is tolerably sure is that there is a 
wide gap between the Rontgen light and 
common light, and the gap seems to lie 
far above the shortest little light waves 
hitherto known. It is in the form of 
minute waves, more than microscopic 
undulations in the all-pervading ether of 
space, that physicists nowadays conceive 
light. And it is a difference in wave length 
merely that makes what we call color. 
The red and the orange are long waves, 
not more than 33,000 to 40,000 to a linear 
inch ; the indigo and violet waves are only 
about half as long, from 50,000 to 60,000 
per inch. In between are the yellow, 
green, blue, and all their insensible grada- 
tions. 

It was Sir Isaac Newton's first notable 
discovery that white light is a compound 
of all the others, and that a sunbeam may 
be broken up into its component colors by 
means of an ordinary three-cornered prism. 
Old Sir Isaac called it a spectrum, and the 
name has held. 

Curious-minded men were not long in 
finding out that beyond either end of the 



visible spectrum curious things go on. For 
example, if a thermometer be held below 
the red end of this artificial rainbow, in 
the ' infra-red," as it is called, it gets hot, 
although there is very little heat in the 
visible part of the spectrum. The quite 
unbearable heat you get with a burning- 
glass is due to these invisible heat rays, and 
not to the light at all. 

So, too, with the other end of the spec- 
trum, the beyond-the-violet end. When 
Daguerre and others found that upon cer- 
tain delicate salts, like nitrate of silver, light 
has a chemical action, they opened the way 
for an exploration of the ultra-violet. A 
large part of the waves which affect a 
photographic plate do not affect the eye 
at all. These are the so-called actinic or 
chemical ra^^s. They seem to have heal- 
ing powers, for under their influence can- 
cers disappear, and many skin diseases may 
be similarly treated. Their role in nature, 
too, is immense, for it is these rays which 
in the green leaves of the plant turn the 
carbonic acid and water into sugars and 
starches : the first of those conversions of 
the inert materials of the air and the soil 
into food; the first step toward the organ- 
ization of life. — Carl Snyder, in Harper s 
Magazine. 



The Secret of Success 

"What is the secret of success?" asked 
the Sphinx. 

"Push," said the Button. 

"Take pains," said the Window. 

"Never be led," said the Pencil. 

"Be up to date," said the Calendar. 

"Always keep cool," said the Ice. 

"Do business on tick," said the Clock. 

"Never lose your head," said the 
Barrel. 

"Do a driving business," said the 
Hammer. 

"Aspire to greater things," said the 
Nutmeg. 

"Make Hght of everything," said the 
Fire. 

" Make much of small things," said the 
Microscope. 

"Never do anything offhand," said the 
Glove. 

"Spend much time in reflection," said 
the Mirror. 



The Booklovers Magazine 



105 



" Do the work you are suited for," said 
the Flue. 

" Get a good pull with the ring." said 
the Door-bell. 

" Be sharp in all your dealings," said the 
Knife. 

"Find a good thing and stick to it," 
said the Glue. 

Trust to your stars for success," said 
the Night. 

Strive to make a good impression," 
said the Seal. — Life. 



Is There Life on Mars? 

How far is it possible to draw any con- 
clusions at all from the apparent artificial- 
ity of the markings upon Mars, in the 
absence of an intelligible explanation of 
what the artificiality may mean ? So long 
as their purpose cannot be explained, we 
ought not to deny that they may be nat- 
ural, even though nothing like them had 
ever been observed in nature. The essence 
of Mr. Lowell's argument is that nature is 
haphazard; a geometrical construction on 
a grand scale must be due to man's intelli- 
gence, because upon earth natural geo- 
metry is found only in small things, in the 
forms of crystals and the patterns on the 
scales of insects. But we need go no 
further than the moon to find an example 



of natural geometry on a scale as large as 
that of Mars. Any one who has looked 
through the smallest telescope is familiar 
with the bright streaks that radiate from 
Tycho and some other of the grander 
craters. They have precisely the more 
remarkable characteristics of Martian 
canals, radiating six or eight from a point, 
straight like the spokes of a wheel, regard- 
less of the inequalities of the ground. 
There is no explanation of them, though 
we can examine the moon at close quar- 
ters. It is rash beyond legitimate scientific 
boldness to deny in toto a natural explana- 
tion for geometrical markings not unlike 
these, on a world more than a hundred 
times as far away. We dare not assume 
in our dilemma that human knowledge 
covers the whole range of nature's opera- 
tions. The special question, how we are 
to recognize life on another world, is small 
compared with the general, what we are 
to recognize as life. But it is of more 
immediate interest to our limited powers 
of conception, because in asking it one 
tacitly assumes that the life is to be such 
as ours, recognizable by works which we 
can conceive ourselves constructing if we 
were placed in a similar position. And if 
evidence of what we may call human design 
is to be found anywhere outside our earth, 
we should look for it first upon Mars. 
The things that have been discovered in 




THE CANALS OF MARS 

— Knonvledge 



106 



The Booklovers Magazine 



the last few years may even give rise to the 
hope that we are at last on the right track 
through the tangle, but it is a pity for peo- 
ple to shout as if they were already out of 
the wood. — Arthur 7^. Hinks, in The 
Monthly "Review. 



The Greatest Hoard of Gold 

Nearly one thousand, three hundred 
tons of gold lie today in the vaults of the 
treasury of the United States — the greatest 
hoard of the yellow metal ever gathered in 
the history of the world. Four hundred 
tons of this gold are piled, like bags of salt, 
within the four walls of the sub-treasury 
in Wall Street, New York. Outside the 
treasury hoard, there is in circulation 
through the country a nearly equal amount 
of gold coin, making more than two thou- 
sand, five hundred tons of gold in the 
United States, bearing the imprint of the 
eagle. The value of this coin is more 
than one billion, two hundred and sixty 
million dollars. 

One of the remarkable things about this 
gold is that, despite the fact of its forming 
one-half of the country's circulating money, 
it is rarely seen in the course of ordinary 
business. One may live in New York or 
Chicago or San Francisco without seeing 
a single gold coin for a year. This is in 
striking contrast to conditions abroad, 
where gold is everybody's coin. The gold 
sovereign of England is as current as the 
five-dollar silver certificate of this country. 
There, a man with a small income may not 
have a piece of paper money (the five- 
pound Bank of England note is the small- 
est) in his hands for months. What 
becomes of all our American gold ? The 
mines of Colorado, California, Alaska, and 
other gold-producing regions of the West 
add eighty million dollars a year to our 
hoard of gold, and three-fourths of this 
output goes to the mints. The yearly 
coinage of gold actually approaches in value 
the entire circulation of silver dollars. 

The treasury holds in trust, against out- 
standing gold certificates, four hundred 
million dollars in gold coin. These gold 
certificates range from twenty dollars to 
ten thousand dollars. They are issued 
from the treasury in exchange for gold 
coin or bullion, and are just as good as gold. 



The Englishman wears his pockets out 
carrying gold coin around with him; the 
American prefers to have his money in the 
form of representative paper that can be 
folded compactly in his waistcoat pocket. 
In the sub-treasury at New York, recently, 
I picked up a handful of gold certificates 
of the value of three million, six hundred 
thousand dollars; the bundle could be 
stowed away in one's hip pocket, but it 
represented seven tons of gold. Stored 
away in the vaults of the building at the 
time was a hoard of gold coin of the value 
of two hundred million dollars. In one 
vault, no larger than the bedroom of a 
New York flat, was an aggregate of seventy- 
eight million dollars in gold. This was 
stored in little white bags stowed away in 
scores of steel boxes, covering the four 
walls of the vault from floor to ceiling. 
Every box was sealed, and some of the seals 
were dated several years back. The first 
thought, at sight of this gold hoard, is that 
it is idle money, but it should be recalled 
that all of it is in circulation by proxy 
in the form of gold certificates. — Frank 
Fay an t^ in Success. 



Society for Sale 

Shopkeepers sell their goods, " Society" 
sell their friends ! The following adver- 
tisements, which are quoted from a well- 
known London newspaper, deserve more 
attention than they have received : — 

"A LADY OF TITLE, moving in the 
BEST LONDON SOCIETY, is prepared to 
introduce a LADY OF MEANS. Luxurious 
home in the West end; carriages kept. 
Terms must be liberal. The highest ref- 
erences offered and taken. Address Box 

"A WELL-KNOWN LADY, titled, is will- 
ing to chaperon a colonial or American 
lady. Would instruct one unaccustomed 
to the habits and behaviour of GOOD 
SOCIETY. Liberal terms required. Ad- 
dress, in confidence, care of. . . ." 

"A LADY. — A member of one of the 
oldest county families, having a beautiful 
place in the countr}^ would receive a young 
lady during the w^inter months, and intro- 
duce her to the soc'ety of the neighbour- 
hood. Good huntiag, hospitable county. 
An unique opportunity." 



The Booklovers Magazine 



107 



"A WEST-END DRESSMAKER who de- 
sires to extend her connection wishes to 
meet with a lady, or ladies, who would 
introduce business. Liberal commission 
offered. The strictest confidence may be 
relied upon. Address. ..." 

"An old-established firm of WINE MER- 
CHANTS (City) is desirous of obtaining 
WEST-END ORDERS. A high percentage 
given to ladies or gentlemen introducing 
business." 

"To NOBLEMEN or gentlemen of posi- 
tion IN SOCIETY able to influence capi- 
tal. A large sum wanted by an old- 
established firm. Genuine concern. Par- 
ticulars in confidence through. . . ." 

"A YOUNG lady, rich, desires to spend 
the season in London, and to be intro- 
duced to THE BEST SET in Society. Would 
PAY HANDSOMELY for Services rendered. 
Absolute secrecy guaranteed. Address 
Box . . ." 

Our commercial friendships ! Not con- 
tent with selling worthless shares, ill-con- 
ducted horses, impure wines, and unsmoke- 
able cigars, the " ladies ' ' and ' ' gentlemen" 
of the day apparently sell each other to 
middle-class aspirants for social distinction 
and to tradesmen ! They complain that 
their servants receive commissions, and 
accept commissions themselves ! How 
popular in the West End should be the 
well-known hymn as revised by Artemus 
Ward :— 

I want to be an agent. 

And with the agents stand! " 

— Truth. 

The Submarine Toy 

Considering the articles which fairly 
inundate the newspapers and magazines 
regarding the submarine boats, one w^ould 
think that this type had achieved success, 
but really the submarine is not worth the 
space that has been given to it. It would 
be difficult indeed to outline any points 
upon which the submarine has been a suc- 
cess, except, perhaps, the single point that 
it has successfully remained stationary on 
the bottom of a body of water for a few 
hours. But even this is a doubtful honor, 
for the crew suffered great ph^'sical and 
mental fatigue, and it is a foregone con- 
clusion that thev were not in a warlike 



mood at any time during the experiment. 
The submarine is without practical maneu- 
vering power and all the experiments 
which have been held so far justify this 
statement. To flounder about is not to 
maneuver. It has no defensive qualities 
whatever in itself and its offensive qualities 
exist largely in the over-enthusiastic imagi- 
nations of the public. 

In the recent trials of the Adder and 
Moccasin in Peconic Bay the storage bat- 
teries ran down in three hours and the 
total radius of action did not exceed twenty- 
one knots. Of what earthly use could 
any such instrument be against a ship in 
motion? Moreover, when the submarine 
is being steered with her conning tower 
out of water she must have a perfectly 
smooth sea to have any sense of direction. 
In the trough of the sea she cannot see 
anything at all except the waves rolling 
over her, and on the crest the spray blinds 
the vision of the lens. It is admitted that 
crews cannot live in them except for 
periods of a few hours without breaking 
down both physically and mentally. Liv- 
ing in them is intolerable, for they cannot 
be heated, nor can any cooking be done in 
them. Testimony is yet to be adduced 
that the submarine is anything but a naval 
toy. — The Marine Review. 



Poland's Pent=up Energy 

We must picture to ourselves a natu- 
rally very energetic people, against whose 
energy a barrier not to be broken down 
has been erected, a war-like people, who 
only reluctantly enter the army, in which 
practically no young man voluntarily 
chooses the post of officer; an extremely 
ambitious people, to whom all high posi- 
tions and offices are closed, and to whom 
all distinctions and demonstrations of honor 
are forbidden, in so far as they are not 
bought with sacrifice of conviction or 
denial of solidarity with their countrymen ; 
a people naturally hostile to Philistine 
ideals, but who needed to acquire the civic 
virtues, and whose circumstances now 
give them constant encouragement to 
unsteadiness; a pleasure-loving people, in 
whose capital not a single place of enter- 
tainment is found ; a people with a lively, 
irresistible inclination to politics, for whom 



108 



The Booklovers Magazine 



all political education has been made im- 
possible, because they are allowed neither 
to elect representatives nor to discuss 
affairs of state, and whose political press is 
silenced in all political matters; to speak of 
political newspapers in Poland is like speak- 
ing of nautical journals in Switzerland. 
Let us imagine to ourselves this people, 
constituted for a large, free life in the 
broad daylight of publicity, imprisoned in 
the chiaroscuro of private life, thinking of 
Siberia, as we think of a disease which 
may come when least expected. 

Conceiving all this, we shall understand 
that under the pressure which has been 
exerted simultaneously from so many sides, 
there necessarily sprang up an extraor- 
dinary concentrated activity, a boiling 
intensity of life, in the narrow circle which 
remained to them. The higher classes, 
which could not adequately recruit them- 
selves from below, came to lead a kind of 
island life of the highest and most refined cul- 
ture, a life w^hich is indeed national in every 
heart-beat, but cosmopolitan in every form 
of expression, a hothouse life, where 
flowers of all the civilizations of Europe 
have come to development and exhale 
fragrance, an eddying, seething maelstrom 
of ideas, endeavors, amusements, and fetes. 
The best society scarcely ever goes to bed 
before four o'clock in the morning in the 
month of February. In carnival time the 
day in Warsaw has twenty hours, and so 
long as the season lasts they are prodigal 
of time and strength. 

" Life in Warsaw is a neurosis^'' said one 
of the most intelligent men of the city to 
me; "no one can keep it up long." — 
From Poland, by Georg ^randes (Heine- 
mann). 

A New Light in the English 
Pulpit 

The sudden emergence of the Rev. 
Reginald Campbell as a great popular 
preacher is one of those mysteries which 
baffle analysis. A few months ago he was 
only one among many eloquent Noncon- 
formist divines. Today he is the most 
famous preacher in the three kingdoms. 
His success at Brighton was brilliant, but 
not more brilliant than the success achieved 
by Mr. Jowett at Birmingham or by Mr. 
Sylvester Home at Kensington. What 



is the magic secret which has enabled 
this young man to play Elisha to Dr. 
Parker's Elijah ? 

Let me describe what I saw at one of 
his Thursday services. At half-past eleven 
the area is filled and the galleries are fast' 
filling with one of those electric crowds 
which vibrate with a common nervous pas- 
sion. The atmosphere stings with expecta- 
tion, like the atmosphere of the House of 
Commons in the grip of a crisis, or of a 
theatre on a tremendous first night. You 
can feel the volleys of emotional molecules 
discharged by the human radium. Your 
temperature rises to the temperature of the 
crowd. At noon the building is packed 
like a huge match-box in which 2500 
matches are on the point of ignition. 
About half of the congregation are young 
women, about a quarter are young men, 
the other quarter being composed of men 
and women, middle-aged and old. Many 
look like clerks, typewriters, business men, 
but the majority belong to the leisured 
religious classes. An attendant in a livery 
like that of an hotel porter places a Bible 
on the cushion of the pulpit. Then a 
phantom in a black Geneva gown mate- 
rializes in the air behind the Bible, a phan- 
tom with an aureole of blanched hair and 
a mysteriously beautiful young face som- 
bred over with strange shadows, and illum- 
ined by large, sunken eyes burning w^ith a 
mystical light. It is an unearthly face, 
seraphic in its spiritual beauty. It has a 
romantic glamor that sets one dreaming of 
Raphael's or Rossetti's angels, or of Tenny- 
son's Galahad. Do not smile at my extrava- 
gance. Let me tell 3'ou what a shrewd, 
hard-headed, unsentimental business man 
said to me about Mr. Campbell: "He 
looks more like an angel than any man I 
ever saw." Physical beauty in a man is 
almost a contemptible quality. But this 
is something far subtler and far rarer than 
physical beauty; it is spiritual beauty; it is 
not the flesh, it is the soul shining through 
the flesh. That, I think, is the secret of 
this man's magical personality. 

The face is a mixture of masculine 
strength and feminine delicacy. The 
square virility of the forehead and the reso- 
lution of the broad, deep male jaw are 
softened by the sweet contours of the 
mouth and chin. There is wistful com- 
passion inl the moist lightning of the eyes. 




From The Tatler, by arrangement 

HALL CAINE IN HIS STUDY 



110 



The Booklovers Magazine 



The face is rich with personal history, 
scarred with intellectual and spiritual war. 
This man does not evade life, but calls on 
it to play on his soul at all angles, takes it 
with large courage and flings it back with 
all his might. He is folded in a personal 
peace which isolates him in an age of 
unrest. I think it is his victoriously imper- 
turbable peace which individualizes him, 
separates him, insulates him — it is a peace 
like the remote quietude that sits on the 
Jungfrau at sunset. His voice deepens the 
spell. It is sweet, low, and clear, devoid 
of stress and strain, a paradoxically silent 
voice, floating in a silence of charmed syl- 
lables. His preaching is persuasive divina- 
tion. He winds himself into the sad mood 
of modernity, that mood which is a bewil- 
dered fever, a dazed delirium, an uneasy 
dream. He interprets its soul to itself. 
— James Douglas, in The IVorld^ s Work. 



Omar Feminized 

Alike to her who Dines both Loud and Long, 
Or her who Banting shuns the Dinner-gong, 

Some Doctor from his Office chair will shout, 
' ' It makes no difference — both of you are wrong! ' ' 

Why all the Health-Reformers who discussed 
High Heels and Corsets Learnedly are thrust 
Square-toed and Waistless forth ; their Duds are 
scorned. 
And Venus might as well have been a Bust. 

Myself when slim did eagerly frequent 
Delsarte and Ling, and heard great Argument 

Of muscles trained to Hold me up, but still 
Spent on my Modiste what Pd always spent ! 



When you and I have ceased Champagne to Sup 
Be sure there will be More to Keep it Up ; 

And while we pat Old Tabby by the fire. 
Full many a Girl will lead her Brindled Pup. 
— Josephine Daskam, in Harper^ s Magazine. 



The Pros and Cons of America 

The American atmosphere has one great 
and indisputable superiority over the Brit- 
ish : it insists upon the right of every citi- 
zen, it almost presents it as a duty, to do 
all he possibly can do ; it holds out to him 
even the highest position in the state as a 
possible reward for endeavor. Upon the 
point of its equality of opportunity surely 
no sane Englishman can do anything but 
envy the American state. In America 



" presumption " is not a sin. All the vigor- 
ous enterprise that differentiates the Amer- 
ican from the Englishman in business flows 
quite naturally from that; all the patriotic 
force and loyalty of the common American 
which glows beside the English equivalent 
as the sun beside the moon. But apart 
from these inestimable advantages I do not 
see that the American has much that an 
Englishman need envy. There are cer- 
tainly points of inferiority in the American 
atmosphere, influences in development that 
are bad, not only in comparison with what 
is ideally possible, but even in comparison 
with English parallels. 

For example, the theory that every man 
is as good as his neighbor, and possibly a 
little better, has no check for fools, and 
instead of the respectful silences of England 
there seems — to the ordinary English mind 
— an extraordinary quantity of crude and 
unsound judgments in America. One gets 
an impression that the sort of mind that is 
passively stupid in England is often actively 
silly in America, and, as a consequence, 
American newspapers, American discus- 
sions, American social affairs are pervaded 
by a din that in England we do not hear 
and do not want to hear. The real and 
steady development of the American scien- 
tific men is masked to the European 
observer, and it must be greatly hampered 
by the copious silliness of the amateur dis- 
coverer, and the American crop of new 
religions and new enthusiasms is a horror 
and a warning to the common British 
intelligence. Many people whose judg- 
ments are not absolutely despicable hold a 
theory that unhampered personal freedom 
for a hundred years has made out of the 
British type a type less deliberate and thor- 
ough in execution and more noisy and 
pushful in conduct, restless rather than 
indefatigable, and smart rather than wise. 
If ninety-nine people out of the hundred 
in our race are vulgar and unwise, it does 
seem to be a fact that while the English 
fool is generally a shy and negative fool, 
anxious to hide the fact, the American fool 
is a loud and positive fool, who swamps 
much of the greatness of his country to 
many a casual observer from Europe alto- 
gether. American books, American papers, 
American manners and customs seem all 
for the ninety and nine. — H. G. IVells^ 
in The Fortnightly Tieview. 



The Booklovers Magazine 



111 



John Bull's Courage Revives 

John Bull is asleep ; at least so we are 
told on every occasion, by friend and foe, 
especially by those dear friends who claim 
to be the most wide-awake. Other coun- 
tries are making vast progress in all 
branches of activity, but England is in a 
state of senile sluggishness. Young Amer- 
ica has won all our trade by its infinite 
superiority and has driven our merchants 
from the markets of the world. Consular 
reports are prodigal to nauseousness with 
instances of dying markets caused by the 
rock-ribbed conservatism and the over- 
weening superciliousness of our manufac- 
turers. Our Press preaches innumerable 
sermons upon the apathy of our merchants, 
upon their unresponsiveness to new needs, 
and upon their hide-bound adhesion to the 
methods of the past which is surely caus- 
ing them to be left far in the rear in the 
commercial competition of today. The 
cry of "Wake up, John Bull, bestir your- 
self," is dinned into our ears, not only by 
our Consuls and our Press, but by others 
in unexpected quarters. Turn where we 
will, we are faced with evidences that 
England's economic display is as complete 
as it is lamentable. 

A declaration that England's position 
affords no cause for a threnody, and that 
statements to the contrary are the results 
of mistaken zeal, crass ignorance, and 
unscrupulous rivalry, would not be taken 
seriously. Nevertheless some more than 
superficial observers lately seem to have 
conceived an opinion that these lugubrious 
statements may be somewhat exaggerated. 
Upon consideration it seems decidedly 
absurd to brand all our merchants and 
manufacturers as being dolts and idiots, 
blind to their best interests, deaf to the 
adjurations of their well-wishers, and insen- 
sible to the promptings of professional 
pride. Clear-seeing observers know how 
well the effusions of ignorance and constant 
misstatements combine to give semblance 
of reality to the grossest fiction. 

Reference to the accompanying diagram 
will show that the periods of increasing and 
decreasing foreign trade show an approx- 
imate coincidence in the case of the 
great trading nations. The years 1883 
and 1 890 were very good ones, as far as the 
value of the general trade is concerned, 




230 



THE TRADE OF THE 
LEADING NATIONS 

1876-1901 



112 



The Booklovers Magazine 



while the years 1885 and 1894 were bad 
ones; the values for the last year have 
obtained a height hitherto unexampled. 
The facts conveyed by the diagram will be 
better comprehended after the imports and 
exports have been dealt with severally. 
However, it will be seen at once that the 
United Kingdom holds its predominant 
commercial position, and, wonderful to 
relate, by no means cuts the sorry figure 
which some of its reckless critics would 
have us believe. From 1 880 to 1890 Ger- 
many was England's most dangerous rival, 
but the year 1891 saw a prodigious decrease 
of no less than ^123,115,000 in the total 
general trade of that country. Since 1894 
the value of the total general trade of Ger- 
many, in common with that of the other 
nations, has increased continuously, and 
Germany still is second to England. It 
will not fail to be noticed that in 1892 the 
value of the ioreign trade of the United 
States of America exceeded that of Ger- 
many by some ten million pounds. In the 
following year America dropped to the 
fourth place among the trading nations, 
but in 1900 it displaced France after a 
close race of many years. France held the 
second position in the period 1876-1879, 
and also in 1891-1892. 

To sum up : considering all of the salient 
circumstances regarding international trade 
seems to attest that England's proud posi- 
tion of premier trading nation is by no 
means in jeopardy. Gauged in different 
wa3^s there is strong proof of material 
progress. Contemptuous opinions of Eng- 
lish trade are due to rank ignorance, at the 
best. There is not one tittle of evidence 
that England has lost her grip of the 
world's trade or that her traders and man- 
ufacturers have failed to realize the altered 
and constantly altering conditions of for- 
eign commerce and to respond elastically 
to them. As regards commercial expan- 
sion, other nations are advancing at a great 
rate ; this notwithstanding, England, so 
far from exhibiting signs of decay, shows a 
healthy and vigorous development. Today 
English commerce is in a flourishing con- 
dition, there is not the slightest foundation 
for conjecture that any decline is at hand, 
and there is nothing in the condition of 
the world's trade to give reasonable 
ground for alarm as to the future. — Mark 
JVarren^ in The Contemporary 'Review. 



Strenuous Sport 

Apropos of the hold football has taken 
on the North of England, a story is told 
which would form a splendid reply to Rud- 
yard Kipling's sneer at the "muddled oafs." 
In a recent match the Sunderland club 
began the game two men short of the reg- 
ular number. Shortly before half time one 
of them turned up and took his place on 
the team. His head was covered with a 
blood-stained handkerchief and he limped 
painfully. The referee asked him why he 
was so late and what was the matter with 
him. The latecomer replied: "There's 
bin a fall o' coal i' th' pit and me and my 
pals had to cut our way through it." The 
referee then desired to know if the eleventh 
man would turn out. The answer was, 
" Oh, you bet he'll come if he can, but ah 
canna' say for sartin wot time ; it's him the 
coal fell on." — Athletic News. 



American Cookery 

No better cookery, independent of any 
special school, is to be met with than that 
of the superior restaurants and hotels of 
the American metropolis and numerous 
clubs within and without its confines. 
The cookery of the capital of the United 
States, as it exists in many of the better 
restaurants and in private houses where 
Southern dishes are especially well pre- 
pared, is deservedly celebrated. The New 
Orleans kitchen has also its ardent admir- 
ers; but outside of New York the restau- 
rants of San Francisco are perhaps the most 
famous and cosmopolitan. Receptive and 
creative America has learned from all, and 
added to acquired knowledge the results 
of her own inventive genius. The era of 
fried steak, saleratus biscuits, and ' apple 
floating-island" has happily long since 
passed, and already in many instances an 
American dinner has come to be recog- 
nized as among the very best it is possible 
to obtain. A well-prepared Chateaubriand 
is no longer confined to the Cafe Ruche, 
or a bisque d'ecrevisses to Voisin or to 
Laperouse. In none of the useful arts has 
progress been more marked in this country 
during the past decade. Even in remote 
New England villages a leg or a saddle of 
mutton is rarely sent to table with all its 
juices and excellences dissipated, as one 



The Booklovers Magazine 



113 




THE FORGED TIARA OF SAITAPHARNES 

— Les Arts 



commonly finds it on the tables volantes of 
the prominent English restaurants. And 
for the omnipresent "greens" of Great 
Britain in winter — the Brussels sprout, dis- 
tended to thrice its size and deprived of all 
its pristine delicacy by crossing it with the 
cabbage — there are with us countless vege- 
tables to choose from. The cooking-school, 
also, is rapidly contributing its share toward 
the evolution of eating, wherein wholesome- 
ness and variety are properly regarded as a 
means of health, enjoyment, and longevity. 
— From The Pleasures of the TabUy by 
George H. Ellwanger. 



An Artistic Forgery 

A sensation has been sprung on the art 
world of Paris by revelations of the forger- 
ies that have been palmed off on unsus- 
pecting collectors in recent years. The 
most remarkable case is that of the tiara 
of the Scythian King, Sa'itapharnes, which 
was sold to the Museum of the Louvre for 
200,000 francs. It has been virtually 
demonstrated that the tiara is a forgery, 
the work of a Russian artist, M. 
Roukhomovski. The Minister of Public 
Instruction has held an investigation, 



114 



The Booklovers Magazine 



bringing M. Roukhomovski from Odessa 
to testify. The latter admits that the tiara 
is all his own work, made with no further 
aid than that supplied by a popular manual 
of archaeology. Many experts w^ho had 
pronounced the work genuine refuse to 
accept the Russian's testimony, and argue 
ingeniously to save him from himself. 
The government, however, has finally 
removed the tiara from the Louvre and 
thus acknowledged that it had been 
imposed on. — L' Illustration. 



Tennyson's Religious Position 

Down to his latest years, Tennyson was 
constantly shaken with the enigmas of 
the Universe, the Infinite, Death, the 
petty and transitory nature of our Earth. 
All this, in the absence of any authori- 
tative Revelation, Creed, or Church, hung 
over his subtle and brooding soul, and 
made him almost a pessimist, in spite of 
his resolute will to "believe where we 
cannot prove." Such was the tone of the 
cultured academic mind of the first half of 
the nineteenth century. Tennyson lived 
his whole life in this atmosphere, and 
transfigured its hopes, its doubts, its horror, 
and its yearnings in a series of exquisite, 
but depressing, descants. 

Lyall's account of Tennyson's religious 
position is admirably worked out and quite 
convincing. He rightly fulfilled ' the 
poet's mission, which is to embody the 
floating thought of the period." "The 
poet leads us to a cloudy height ; and 
though it is not his business to satisfy the 
strict philosophical inquirer, he offers to all 
wandering souls a refuge in the faith." 
Nothing can be put more accurately. And, 
as Lyall shows, the clouds rather thickened 
than dispersed with the advancing age of 
the poet. Such pieces as " Despair " and 
"Vastness" indicate a morbid tone in 
man's view of life, duty, and religion: and, 
with all their sublimity and pathos, they 
tend to debilitate and unman us. As 
Lyall says, " they have a tendency to weigh 
down the mainsprings of human activity." 

The problems of Infinity, Eternity, the 
brevity and littleness of human life loomed 
ever darker, and never rested in any com- 
plete and final answer. He was ever in 
many a subtle question versed," and ' ever 



strove to make it true." But to the last 
he never quite beat his music out. He 
faced the spectres of the mind; but he 
never absolutely laid them. I remember 
as a young man when first admitted to his 
company, he turned to me, with that 
grand assumption which he affected to 
those with whom he disagreed, saying 
with a most cadaverous air : " If I thought 
as you do, I should go and drown myself." 
I smiled; for the absurdity as well as the 
ill manners of such an outburst amused 
me. I replied quietly, looking, I am sure, 
as cheerful as he looked disconsolate : 
"No! Mr. Tennyson, if you thought as I 
do about Life and Death — you would be a 
happy man !" Personally, the poet seemed 
to be even more unsatisfied with his own 
beliefs than the poems showed. But if it 
did not tend to peace of mind and energy 
of action, the pathos and the dreaminess 
of this habit of thought were the inspir- 
ation of much exquisite poetry. Like 
other people, he mistook his own gift of 
words for profound thought. — Frederic 
Harrison^ in North American Review. 



A State of Mind 

In the state of Mass. 

There lives a lass 
I love to go N. C. ; 

No other Miss. 

Can e'er I Wis., 
Be half so dear to Me. 

R. I. is blue 

And her cheeks the hue 
Of shells where waters swash ; 

On her pink-white phiz 

There Nev. Ariz. 
The least complexion Wash. 

La.! could I win 

The heart of Minn., 
I'd ask for nothing more, 

But I only dream 

Upon the theme 
And Conn, it o'er and Ore. 

Why is it, pray, 

I can't Ala. 
This love that makes me 111.? 

N. Y., O., Wv. 

Kan. Nev. Ver. I 
Propose to her my will ? 

I shun the task 
'Twould be to ask 
This gentle maid to wed ; 
And so, to press 
My suit, I guess 
Alaska Pa. instead. 
-Proceedings of the %oyal Geog. Society 



THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



Ostermoor IF Mattress* 15. 



\^^^{0 ^'^/ 







yt^,h yok/ YTiU rncl)joE OStexAAooY \Wftttr esses 



(Even the children are waking up 
dates the way a "proposal" should be accepted to-day 



A bright little girl, Edwina Howard of Rockyford, Col., appre-\ 
Her entire drawing is reproduced./ 



^T ELAST/c ^ 



Every sale of an Ostermoor means that we have convinced somebody that Ostermoor Patent Elastic 
Felt is an improvement on the old-fashioned hair mattress and at a less price. It is the mark of progress — 
the breaking down of old ideas. If you still think a hair mattress is good, you may find out by our free trial 
offer (see below) that an Ostermoor is better. 

If you have learned by sad experience that even the most costly hair 
mattress will sag and lump — that it takes many dollars or much dirty work (or 
both) to keep it clean and comfortable, you will rejoice in an Ostermoor that 
will wear and remain the acme of comfort for 20 to 30 years without renovation, 
with only an occasional sun-bath to keep it in perfect condition. It is vermin 
proof — moth proof. 

If you have read thus far, how can you keep from buying ? 

Perhaps you don't believe us ! That would not be surprising — many firms make exaggerated or, at 
least, over-enthusiastic claims. We want to be as conservative as we are fair. It costs you nothing to 
prove the truth of our claims in either one of two ways : 

THIRTY NIGHTS* FREE TRIAL. SEND FOR OUR FREE BOOK 




2 feet 6 inches wide, $C 5 C 

3 feet wide, 30 lbs. 10.00 

3 feet 6 inches wide, 1 I 7ft 

35ib8. II.IW 

4 feet wide, 40 lbs. 13.35 

4 feet 6 inches wide, I C ftft 
45 lbs. »»'•"" 

All 6 feet 3 inches long. 
Express Charges Prepaid. 

In two parts, 50 cents extra. 
Special sizes at special prices. 



You can have an Ostermoor 
Mattress, sleep on it thirty 
nights, and if it is not better 
than any other mattress you 
have ever used — if it is not all 
you even HOPED for, return 
it at our expense and your 
money will be immediately 
refunded without question. 
■What more can we do to con- 
vince you ? 



of 96 handsomely illustrated 
pages, entitled "The Test of 
Time." A POSTAL WILL 
DO. Read the letters from 
men and w^omen of national 
reputation. "We can't BUY 
TESTIMONIALS from such 
men as Rev. Dr. Robt. S. 
MacArthur, C. Oliver Iselin, 
or such others as appear. The 
book also describes pillow^s, 
window-seat cushions, boat 
cushions, church cushions. 



EVERY GENUINE 

Ostermoor 

Mattress 

BEARS THE NAME 

Ostermoor 

AND TRADE-MARK LABEL 



OSTERMOOR & CO. 131 Elizabeth Street, New York. 

Canadian Agency: The Alaska Feather and Down Co., Ltd., Montreal. 



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VACATION DAYS 

Where are you going for your vacation this summer, 
and how? 

There are many delightful places: Lake Chautauqua, 
St. Lawrence River, Adirondack and White Mountains, 
Atlantic Coast, Canada, Niagara Falls, South Shore of 
Lake Erie country, and its lovely Islands ; lakes of the 
Northwest, Yellowstone country and Colorado places. 

The service of the Lake Shore CEi Michigan Southern 
Railway — unequaled for completeness and comfort — 
may be used with greatest advantage for reaching 
all these summer places. 

Privileges — Enjoyable privileges accorded on tickets 
over Lake Shore — stop-over at Lake Chautauqua, 
Niagara Falls, Lake Erie Islands, option of boat or 
- rail between Cleveland and Buffalo, etc. 

Summer Boohs — Sent for 6 cents postage by 
undersigned: "Lake Shore Tours," 
"Lake Chautauqua," "Quiet Sum- Aw 

mer Retreats," "Privileges for Lake 
Shore Patrons," "Book of Trains." 






Boston Excursions— Over 

the Lake Shore, July 2, 3, 4 and 5. 
Good until September 1. Very low 
rates. All railways sell in connec- 
tion with Lake Shore. 

Chautauqua Excursions 

—Over Lake Shore, July 3 and 24, 
from all points west of Cleveland. 
Good 30 days. Low rates. 

A. J. SMITH, G. P. (®. T. A., Cleveland, O. 






iHORt 

f Railway 



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Don't judge the 
Phonograph by what 
you have heard — 
the imitations or 
the old styles — but 
call at the nearest 
dealer's and hear the 
Phonograph with 
Mr. Edison's recent 
improvements. 
5000 DEALERS SELL PHONOGRAPHS 

^^ National ^^ 



Phonograph Co. 

ORANGE. N. J. 



NEW YORK, 83 Ouunbers Street 
CHICAGO, 304 Wabash Aveooe 

SAN FRANCISCO, 933 Market Str««( 
EUROPE, 32 Rempart Saint Georges, 

ANTWERP, BELGIUM 




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CONFORM TO EVERY CU RVE OF TH E BODY 



'T^ejfeclion AIR. 



Mattresses 
Cushions and 
Pillows 



For lovers of coinri)!! aiiil cleanliness at home, in camp, or on the 
water — life jneservers when necessary. Deli;?htfnlly cool, danip- 
proof. odorless, ami hygienic. No crevices where dust or an.MhIns 
ol.ioc-tionable can conceal itself. Particularly ilesiiable for invaliij 
ami easy chairs. Hard or soft as you desire. If not satisfactory 
money refunded. Fully guaranteed. Write for free booklet J. 

MECHANICAL FABRIC CO., PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

NEW YORK OFFICE, 16 WARREN STREET 





V. 



Handsome 
Book Free 

I1 tells all about the most 
delightful places in the 
country to spend the summer 
— the famous region of North- 
ern Michigan, including these 
well-known resorts: 

Mackinac Island 
Traverse City 
Neahtawanta 
Omena 
Northport 

Send 2c. to cover postage, mention this magazine, 
and we will send you this 52 page book, colored cover, 
200 pictures, list and rates of all hotels, new 1903 
maps, and information about the 
train service on the 

Grand Rapids & 
Indiana Railway 

( The Fishing Line) 

Through sleeping cars daily for the North from Cin- 
cinnati, Louisville, St. Louis, Indianapolis, via Penna 
Lines and Richmond, and from Chicago via Michigan 
Central R.R. and Kalamazoo; low rates from all points. 
Fishermen will be interested in our hodklei," Where 
to Go Fishing," mailed free. 

C. L. LOCKWOOD, 

General Passenger Agent, 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Petoskey 
Bay View 
Wequetonsing 
Harbor Point 
Oden 





OOK LOVERS are cigar 
lovers but a little skeptical 
A good many orders have 
come from my two previous 
advertisements in these 
pages; more than I expected. But what 
has surprised me is the large number of 
letters wanting to know ' ' more about it. " 
These letters I am glad to get and answer 
but, in order that I may anticipate many 
of the questions now asked , I am going to 
make a new offer covering all the cigars 
I make. 

Send me fifty cents (postage stamps 
will doif more convenient) and I will send 
you one of the following assortments of 
the cisrars I manufacture : 






GROUP A 


3 


Perfectos 


2 


Conchas 




Especial 


3 


Panetelas 



GROUP B 

1 Perfecto 

2 Conchas 

Especinl 

3 Panete'as 

3 Concha de 
Regalia 



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!^: 



^m 



^i 



\^s 



M 



PANETELA 

EXACT 

SIZE AND 

SHAPE 



In ordering state w hich group you wish 
to try, also whether strong, medium, or 
light. 

My business is manufacturing cigars, 
and I sell the entire product of my factory 
direct to smokers by the hundred and 
thousand at wholesale prices. It costs 
me something to sell a man his first hun- 
dred — after that he orders of his own 
volition. 

The cost of selling is practically elimi- 
nated, the wholesalers' and retailers' and 
traveling men's profits and salaries en- 
tirely so. I can and do give the major 
portion of these profits to my customers. 

I manufacture the following cigars only : Shivers' 
Perfectos at $8.oo per hundred, Shivers' Conchas Es- 
pecial at $6. GO per hundred. Shivers' Panetelas at $5.00 
per hundred, and Shivers' Concha de Regalia at $4.00 
per hundred. 

If you hai'e more than fifty cents' njjorth of faith ^ 
my offer is this: I will, upon receipt of price named 
above, send you by express, prepaid, one hundred 
cigars " on suspicion. '^ If, after smoking ten of them, 
you don't like the cigars, send back the ninety and your 
entire remittance will be returned without question. 

The publishers of The Booklovers Magazine 
would not permit me to make this offer in their 
columns if they were not sure that I would do as I agree. 

I don't know how to make a more convincing offer. 

However, if you smoke and will write me, I will send 
you some further facts. Address, Herbert D. Shivers, 
Manufacturer, 44 North Seventh St. , Philadelphia, Pa. 



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The Ten Eyck albany.n.y. 

Near State Capitol and other Places of Interest 

POSITIVELY FIRE-PROOF EUROPEAN PLAN 

Most attractive Hotel in New York State 




A delightful home 

for those wishing to 

spend some time in 

this interesting and 

historic city. 

H. J. Rockwell 
& Son. 




The BERKELEY 
—HOTEL— 

Berkeley and Boylston Streets 
BOSTON, MASS. 



Possesses many attractions for travelers who appreciate refine- 

* ment in a stopping place. 

Particular attention paid to sanitation and ventilation. 

Long Distance Telephone in every room. 

The Berkeley is but three blocks from the Back Bay station ; and 

only ten minutes ride from the B. & M. R. R. Copley Square and 

the public gardens are only one block distant. 

John A. Sherlock 



Conducted on European 
and American Plans. . . 



Proprietor 




Hotel Empire 

Broadway and 
63d Street 

New York City 

A Family and Transient Hotel 

Rooms $1.00 per day and upwards 

Telephone in every room 

Rre Proof Large Library Accessibly Located Moderate Rates 

Orchestral Concerts every evening 

ALL CARS PASS THE EIMPIRE 

W. JACKSON QUINN Send for booklet 



Coming to Washington? 



Write for booklet 



Potomac Hotel Co. 

Operating 

HOTEL RICHMOND HOTEL EVERETT HOTEL ALBANY 




SIGHT RESTORED 

Quickly and at little expense in 
patient's own home 

The testimony of many people who have been so wonderfully bene- 
fited by the Oneal Dissolvent Method is ample evidence of the merit 
which it possesses. It has not been in some isolated instance where 
a permanent cure has been effected, but in every case where the 
treatment was given a fair trial. With all of its marvelous power it 
is absolutely harmless, and it is for this reason that Dr. Oneal permits 
the majority of his patients to treat themselves in their own homes, 
which is not only convenient, but much less expensive than if they 
were obliged to come to him. Thousands are being cured in this 
way every year. Mrs. Aurelia P. Rifle, 78 Niagara St., Bufl^alo, N.Y., 
cataracts; H. S. Davis, 211 Colchester St., Burlington, Vt., cataracts; 
both cured themselves at home, restoring their sight completely, in a 
few months time, by applying this treatment under Dr. Oneal's 
direction. 

Dr. Oneal has just issued the twenty-third edition of his book " Eye 
Diseases Cured Without Surgery," which tells how you can cure 
yourself at home. It accurately describes and illustrates all forms of 
eye diseases, and will be of valuable assistance to those who are 
afflicted. It is sent free to anyone who writes for it. Cross-eyes 
straightened by a New Method — always successful. Address 

OREN ONEAL, M.D., Suite 835, 52 Dearborn Street, Chicago 



Philippine Fiber 
Furniture 



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Large Illustrated Catalogue Free 

tells all about this wonderful material; shows fifty illustrations from 
photographs of chairs, settles,. divans, hampers, etc. It is the 

Ideal Porch Furniture 

Flexible, will not crack or peel off; is not afl'ected by heat or moist- 
ure, and is artistic, durable, comfortable, cool and inexpensive. It is 
now used in the latest Pullman cars, in the leading Clubs and Hotels. 
Made in three colors: golden, green, and Flemish. 

Direct from Factory 

to you with no intermediate profits. Freight allowance to all points. 

Catalogue No. i describes our Philippine Fiber Furniture. Catalogue 
No. 2 illustrates a superb line of hand-made Mission and Holland 
Furniture. Write today for them both. 

THE COOK COMPANY, 422 Pine St., Michigan City. Ind. 



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■ 



^U 



.nL 



Now is CoIoradoTlme! 




Colorado is the place for an outing. 
The climate is PERFECT — bright, sunny days and 
cool, sleep-inducing nights. 

The air is a revelation. It sends the blood hurrying 
through your veins. It tempts you out of doors. It 
makes you glad to be alive. I 

What is there to do in Colorado? Everything or 
nothing, just as you please. You can fish, camp out, 
play golf, climb mountains or loaf lazily jon the w^ide 
shady veranda of some great hotel. That's what you 
can do in Colorado. It's the place for an touting. 

You will enjoy reading "Under the Turquoise Sky." Sixty- 
four pages ; beautifully illustrated ; interesting. Sent on 
receipt of six cents in stamps. 

Low rates to Colorado June i to Sept 30. 

Information on request. 



{Rock Island 
' System 



JOHN SEBASTIAN, Passenger Traffic Manager, 

Rock Island System, CHICAGO, ILL. 




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SAVES HOSIERY 



NEVER SLIPS, TEARS 
NOR UNFASTENS 

Every Pair 

Warran 




Sample 

pair 

by 

mall, 

25c. 



CUSHION 
BUTTON 



HOSE 

SUPPORTER 



If your Dealer does not sell you this 
Supporter he does not sell the Best (^^ 

Every Clasp has the name ^MK^ x^*; 
Stamped on the Metal Loop 

GEORGE FROST CO., Makers, Boston, Mass. 





A Most Delicioits 

^% J Sk redded Wh ole 

l^CSSCrT Wheat Biscuit is 
made in the most hygienic and scientific 
food laboratory in the world. The wheat is 
spun into light shreds, containing thousands 
of open pores and is not crushed flat and dense 
as in case of other foods. These pores absorb the di 
gestive juices and provide far greater surface for 
their action than is given by any other food. 




The following simple "course before coffee" is much in vogue with 
club men everywhere. The simplicity of preparation and the little cost, 
together with the delicious taste of the compotes, make this dessert in 
rare favor in the home. 

Use Seasonable Frtiit and 

SHREDDED 
BISCUIT 



Split and slightly toast the Biscuit, then 
serve with berries, sliced peaches, bananas 
or any seasonable fruit. Simple, isn't it 
Your verdict will be 

"Simply^ Delicious.'* 

FOR SHORTCAKE— With sharp knife halve the Shredded Whole Wheat Biscuit lengthwise, 
prepare pineapple as for sauce (or bananas or mixed fruit) and set aside. When servinsr arrange 
halves in layers covered with fruit and add sugar and whipped cream. 

Shredded Whole Wheat Biscuit is Sold by All Grocers. 

Send for "The Vital Question " (Recipes, illustrated in colors) FREE. Address 

^he NATUR.AI. FOOD CO., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 



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a 



To American Supremacu ! 

Neither the best grapes nor the 
best vintners are confined to 
Europe. 

Connoisseurs have cast preju- 
dice aside and declared that 




in purity, flavor and bouquet is an 
absolutely perfect champagne. 

United States Government Test: 
average effervescence. 

Imported Champagnes, 43% ni. 
Cook's Imperial, 47 m. 

Carbonated Wines, 6^4 m. 

See Report of Senatorial Committee on Pure Foods, 1900. 



Special California Tours 



Cororvckdo BeocK 




L 



Our personally-conducted excursions to 
California have been very successful. 

I am now organizing; several similar parties for July and August. Will gladly 
send you full particulars of special advantages offered. Rates very low. Accom- 
modations excellent. The best California line will be used — the Santa Fe. Why 
not go this summer and enjoy Pacific Ocean breezes and snow-capped Sierras? 
En route see Grand Canyon of Arizona. An unusual opportunity — don't miss it. 
Write to IF. J. Black, 13 12 Great Northern Building, Chicago, for full 
particulars and free copy of beautiful book about California. 

Santa Fe All the Way 



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The Boorloyers Library 



Announcement 

Members of The Book/overs Library who are 
subscribers to this Magazine will find the lists 
of new books printed on the following pages of 
valuable help in making up their Library orders. 
Pamphlet copies of the list can be secured upon 
application. 

Subscribers to this Magazine who are not 
members of The Booklovers Library will find in 
this a fairly complete list of all the good new 
books published during the last six months. 



Membership in The Booklovers Library is by 
invitation. If you are interested ask some 
member whom you know to present your name. 
The Library circulars will be sent to any address 
upon application. 



The Booklovers Library 

Home Office: 1323 Walnut Slreel, Philadelphia 



ii 




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The " Newest ■ Books 




(!J\ 



JULY LIST ISSUED BY THE BOOKLOVERS LIBRARY, PHILADELPHIA 



1. Members of The Booklovers Library may place their orders for 
books from this monthly list. When the list for a nenjj month is issued all 
pr enviously issued lists are ivithdraiun. 

2. When a number is preceded by a star L'K'J ^^ indicates that this book 
did not appear upon the list published for the pre<vious month. 

J . When a number is preceded by a maltese cross [tJ it indicates that 
this book avill not appear in future lists, and if it is desired orders for it 
should be placed ivithin sixty days. 

4.. When a number is underscored it indicates that the book so marked is 
either imported or necessarily bought in a limited edition, and can be supplied 
to members only in the order of their application. 

J. Pamphlet copies of this Bulletin of the neiuest books can be secured 
free by members at any of the branches of the Library. 



ik 



NEW BIOGRAPHIES AND MEMOIRS 



1443. Arnold, Benedict, The Real Charles Burr Todd 

The author claims that this is a "true, unbiased, concise biography" of 
Arnold. He asserts that Arnold's treachery was inspired not so much by 
sordid motives as by "the fascinations., the persuasions, long continued, the 
intrigues with the British, of a wife madly loved." [A. S. Barnes & Co.) 

^ 1326. Bismarck, Prince, Personal Reminiscences of s. Whitman 

An interesting record of visits paid to the old Chancellor after his retirement 
from public office. Mr. Whitman's portrait of Bismarck reveals a man of 
feeling as well as of blood and iron. {D. Appleton & Co.) 

1398. British Political Portraits Jusun McCarthy 

Pen portraits of Balfour, Chamberlain, Salisbury, Rosebery, Aberdeen, 
Morley, Labouchere, Bryce, Harcourt, Redmond, Campbell-Bannerman, 
Burns, and Hicks-Beach. {The Outlook Co.) 

ic 1472. Browning, Robert g. k. Chesterton 

Browning is meat for the critic: he invites attack and challenges exposition. 
Mr. Chesterton is a new critical force in English literature, and, though it 
remains to be seen what he will ultimately amount to, he has courage, 
audacity, and a fresh way of expressing himself that is attractive and stimu- 
lating. He has produced a very good biography of Browning, that contains 
critical comments of much originality and force. {The Macmillan Co.) 



i 




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1369. Channing, William Ellery John White chadvick 

This is an admirable and sympathetic biography of the leader of the liberal 
wing of the Congregational Church that afterwards developed into Unitarian- 
ism ; a man foremost as the champion of free thought and free speech ; the 
apostle of emancipation and temperance. {Houghton^ Mifflin &' Co.) 



1386. Exits and Entrances 



Charles Warren Stoddard 



An entertaining book of travels and reminiscences by the author of South Sea 
Idyls. There are records of meetings with Stevenson, Bret Harte, Mark 
Twain, Charles Kingsley, and George Eliot. {The Lothrop Co.) 

1464. Le Conte, Joseph, The Autobiography of 

Edited by William Dallam Armes 

Written for his children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren, the auto- 
biographical narrative of this famous scientist is delightfully informal and 
intimate. It covers the whole of his active lifetime from the fascinating 
Georgian plantation days of his boyhood to within a few months of his death 
in his beloved Yosemite. (D. Appleton & Co.) 

1387. LespinaSSe, Mile, de. Letters of Translated by K.P.Wormeley 

These are the passionate love letters of the woman from whom Mrs. Humphry 
Ward drew the inspiration for the heroine of her recent novel. Lady "B^ose^s 
Daughter. She was magnetic, brilliant, tactful, and unhappy. Inspiring 
the deepest devotion in such men as d'Alembert and the Marquis de Mora, 
she poured all the fire of her affection on a man whom she herself felt 
unworthy of her. {Hardy ^ Pratt &' Co.) 



1430. Letters of a Diplomat's Wife 



Mary King Waddington 



Madame Waddington is an American woman, the widow of the late M. 
Waddington, who was for ten years French Ambassador to Great Britain and 
also Ambassador Extraordinary representing France at the Czar's Coronation. 
Her letters are intimate and graphic pictures of Court life, and are full of 
unusual interest and charm. {Charles Scribner's Sons) 



>i< 1342. Parker, Joseph, The Life of 



William Adamson 



Dr. Adamson was a life-long friend of Dr. Parker and writes from full 
knowledge of his subject, with affectionate candor. This volume very 
pleasantly supplements the reticence of Dr. Parker's own autobiography, and 
reveals the marked characteristics of the famous London preacher with ample 
detail. {Fleming H. %e'vell Co.) 




^ 



1438. Poe, Edgar Allan, Life and Letters of james a. Harrison 

A book not only welcome but necessary. Professor Harrison has been col- 
lecting Poe material for years, and is most desirous to be fair. Out of amass 
of vilification, he digs not a perfect but a human and intensely fascinating 
figure. A sensitive, imaginative, ardent, marvellously talented man, hemmed 
by the direst poverty, dogged by misfortune — no wonder his genius was bril- 
liant gloom. (T. Y. Croivell & Co.) 




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7/ ^=3 

1m. 



1480. Schumann Annie W. Palterson 

Robert Schumann was, in his time, editor, essayist, and composer, and has 
left behind him a reputation for scholarship and charm of composition — 
literary as well as musical. But his personality has been overlooked. Miss 
Patterson reveals it to us in an excellent study of the man in his varied 
capacities, and the portrait she has drawn is a very winning one. 

(£. P. Button & Co.) 

>h 1348. Story of My Life, The Helen Keiier 

The remarkable autobiography of a remarkable young woman, handicapped 
by blindness and deafness, and who has yet learned to read, write, and type- 
write. Miss Keller is a graduate of Radcliffe. [Doubleday, Page & Co.) 



1436. Studies in Contemporary Biography 



James Bryce 



A series of short, critical, and most readable appreciations of Lord Beacons- 
field, Gladstone, Lord Iddesleigh, Lord Acton, Cardinal Manning, Arch- 
bishop Tait, Dean Stanley, Bishop Fraser, Sir George Jessel, Earl Cairns, 
and other leaders of the Victorian era. {The Macmillan Co.) 



1371. Wesley's Journal, The Heart of 



Edited by P. L. Parker 



This is a one-volume condensation of Mr. Parker's four-volume edition of 
this famous journal, which gives as intimate and entertaining a picture of 
English eighteenth-century life as Pepys' Diary did for the previous century. 
Such a condensation was long desired by Edward Fitzgerald, who greatly 
prized the "Journal." {Fleming H. Re'vell Co.) 

1399. Women Authors of Our Day in Their Homes f. w. Haisey 

A series of twenty-eight interviews with the most popular women writers of 
England and America, illustrated with pictures of their homes. The authors 
talk shop delightfully and informally. {James Pott & Co.) 



.A 



NEW BOOKS OF TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION 
k 1469. Danish Life in Town and Country Jessie Brochner 

Denmark, although the smallest of European kingdoms, has never, in the 
two thousand years of its existence, been subjugated by any foreign power. 
This is significant of much that is interesting in its history and observable in 
the character of its people and their mode of life today. Miss Brochner tells 
of this life in an interesting manner. {G. P. Putnam'' s Sons) 



1364. Doukhobors, The 



Joseph Elkinton 



A concise and interesting account of the beliefs, practices, sufferings, and 
emigrations of the leading "nonconformist" sect among the Russian 
peasantry, now seeking asylum among the free institutions of the northern 
half of the American continent. {Ferris &' Leach) 

1363. Down the Orinoco in a Canoe s. Perez Triana 

An interesting glimpse of Colombia and Venezuela may be obtained in this 
volume of an adventuresome cruise down the Orinoco. The narrative is a 
trifle amateurish, but the romance of the primitive country, and the novelty of 
the voyage make it a noteworthy minor book. {T. T. Cromwell & Co.) 



"X 







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\v 



1429. Business and Love 



Hugues Le Roux 



Cherchez la 
uxury-loving. 



Americans are in a bad way, according to M. Le Roux. 

femme ! The married women are restless and selfish and 

Still worse, there are many women who are rebellious and irreligious enough 

not to marry. Statistics might have saved M. Le Roux much grief — but, 

perhaps, he favors bigamy or the practice of disposing of female infants. 

These American notes are certainly piquant. [Dodd, Mead & Co.) 



Bernard 6. Richards 



1408. Discourses of Keidansky 

Keidansky is a young Hebrew in revolt against the reactionary, revolutionary, 
and conventional ideas of our times. His discourses are seasoned with Attic 
salt, and overflow with much caustic wit and humor. {^The Scott-Thanxj Co.) 

^ 1473. Essays and Criticisms Robert Louis Stevenson 

This volume is not a posthumous one, but it contains fugitive papers that 
have never before appeared in book form, and which will be practically new 
to most readers. There areessays descriptive of walkingtours and of Swiss life, 
and criticism of the literary life, its ethics and its problems. The true 
Stevensonian philosophy and charm of style are to be found in these essays, 
and cannot fail to delight as well as instruct the reader. 

{Herbert B. Turner & Co.) 

^ 1458. French Impressionists, The CamiUe Hauciair 

This is an exceedingly interesting little book. It deals with a phase of art 
unusually attractive to the ordinary person and full of the modern spirit. 
The artists whose work is described and illustrated (1860-1900) are: Renoir, 
Manet, Degas, Claude Monet, Pissarro, Sisley, Cezanne, Berthe Morisot, 
Mary Cassatt, Jongkind, and Theo van Rysselberghe. (E. P. Dutton &" Co.) 



1405. Happiness 



Carl Hilty 



A series of brief but engaging papers on philosophic idealism by the professor 
of jurisprudence at Bern University. They can hardly fail to help one in the 
search for highest happiness — "The Art of Having Time," alone, sends one 
a long step forward. {The Macmillan Co.) 



Laurence Hutton 



1372. Literary Landmarks of Oxford, The 

This volume is virtually a reprint of lectures delivered by the author at 
Princeton. They represent the fruit of a six months' vacation spent at Oxford 
in the endeavor to disinter from the records some of the sayings and doings 
of those worthies who have made Oxford famous. {Charles Scribner's Sons) 



1441. Musical Education 



Albert LaYignac 



To all students of music, and to parents of children who are beginning a 
musical education. Miss Singleton has done a real service in the translation 
of this admirable, thorough work of Lavignac's. There is not a practical 
point in a whole musical training on which he does not touch — including an 
instructive treatise on the different instruments. {D. Appleton & Co.) 



1445. Souls of Black Folk, The 



W. E. Burghardt Du Bois 



This volume of essays and sketches shows "the spiritual world in which ten 
thousand thousand Americans live and strive," and is an earnest endeavor 
to throw light on the problem of the color line, which, the author says, is the 
problem of the century. {A. C. McClurg & Co.) 



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PSYCHOLOGY 

iiC 5111. Lav of Mental Medicine, The Thomson Jay Hudson 

Dr. Hudson thus declares the object of his book: "To assist in placing 
mental therapeutics on a firmly scientific basis, and incidentally to place 
within the reach of the humblest intellect the most effective methods of healing 
the sick by mental processes." This is an ambitious programme on a par- 
ticularly interesting theme, but Dr. Hudson's treatment of it, though terse, 
is singularly clear, sane, and suggestive. {A. C. McClurg &" Co.) 




THE NEWEST FICTION 



1358. Anna of Ihe Five Towns Arnold Bennett 

A quiet but realistic picture of life in the English pottery country. It chron- 
icles episodes in the gradual emancipation of a young girl from the miserly 
meanness of a narrow religious environment. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 

1450. At the Time Appointed a. Maynard Barbour 

A story of mining and mystery, starting off with a murder and loss of mental 
power, and proceeding to a dramatic close when the mystery is solved and 
the mental power of the hero is restored, " at the time appointed " by fate 
and circumstance. {J. B. Lippincott Co.) 

1354. Before the Dawn Joseph a. Altsheler 

This is a stirring story of life in Richmond just before and during Grant's 
celebrated siege. There is an air of mystery throughout, some impetuous 
and dangerous lovemaking, and a description of the Wilderness battles that 
is grimly realistic. {Doubleday, Page & Co.) 



1350. Better Sort, The 



Henry James 



This volume takes its name from the first of eleven short stories, all in Mr. 
James' characteristic vein of psychological analysis, and are no better or 
worse than the usual style of thing from his provoking but clever pen. 

{Charles Scribner^s Sons) 



Frank Levis Nason 



1394. Blue Goose, The 

This is a capital story of modern Western mining life, with the usual accom- 
paniment of labor disturbances, Eastern interference, and love to complicate 
matters. "The Blue Goose" is the name of the tavern where all the deviltry 
is hatched, and the French proprietor and his associates are very cleverly 

{McClure, Phillips & Co.) 



sketched characters 

1433. Brewster's Millions 



Richard P. Greaves 



This is a breezy story of how young Brewster, of Chicago, in order to inherit 
his grandfather's seven millions, had to spend his uncle's million within a 
year. His experiences and expedients make up a breezy and readable yarn 
to read in an idle hour. (//. S. Stone & Co.) 



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* 1475. Bubbles We Buy 

The title suggests the struggle for prominence characteristic of modern social 
life. But there is much more to the story than this. The law of heredity, a 
family mystery, and a love episode of much originality form the elements out 
of which Miss Jones has elaborated a story of great interest. The scenes are 
laid in Canada, the United States, England, and the Continent, and we are 
introduced to a number of clever people whose actions are dominated by the 
will of a strange old man. {Herbert B. Turner & Co.) 

>h 1335. Calvert of Strathore Carter Goodioe 

This sprightly tale has a theme new in American historical romance — the career 
of Jefferson as Minister to France. Calvert is his secretary, and his adventures 
in love and diplomacy make a readable story. {Charles Scribner^s Sons) 



1431. Canterbury Pilgrims, The 



Percy Mackaye 



This is a four-act poetical comedy, audacious in conception, delightful and 
amusing to read ; full of Chaucerian touches, and a succession of most artistic 
pictures that will make it a delight to witness on the stage when Mr. Sothern 
produces it. {The Macmillan Co.) 

^ 1340. Captain, The Churchiu wiuiams 

A Civil War romance dealing with the career and exploits of General Grant 
and his operations south of Mason and Dixon's line. The pictures are well- 
grouped, the hero faithfully portrayed, and the love-story interesting and 
eventful. {The Lothrop Co.) 

* 1463. Captain's Toil-Gate, The Frank r. siocWon 

The situation which Mr. Stockton has amusingly exploited in The Captain's 
Toil-Gate is that of a pretty girl at a house-party with three declared lovers, 
and a fourth whose proposal is always imminent. She gravely keeps them 
all dangling while she weighs in the balance of her favor their merits and 
demerits. {D. Appleton &" Co.) 

* 1479. Castle Omeragh F. Frankfort Moore 

Mr. Moore has deserted Bath and its gay Pump Room, and takes us to Ire- 
land during Cromwell's attempt to subjugate it. Castle Omeragh is besieged 
and gallantly defended, and we get a very graphic picture of rural Ireland 
under the Protector's iron rule. Father Mahoney is a man of infinite resource, 
but the exigencies of the siege and of two brothers' love-making during that 
anxious time tax it to the uttermost. (Z). Appleton & Co.) 



James Weber Linn 



1357. Chameleon, The 

A searching and convincing study of the poseur as he is in public and pri- 
vate. Also a picture of life in the West, a mushroom university and its 
petty politics, and a love romance, all very cleverly done, and unflatteringly 
true to nature. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 

►J^ 1341. Circle, The Katherlne Cecil Thurston 

An ambitious and most successful novel by a new English writer. It traces 
the career of a poor young Russian Jewess of genius and beauty who is given 
an opportunity to exploit both on the stage. The story gives the results of 
her experiment on herself and her friends. {Dodd, Mead & Co.) 



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1378. Cliveden 




Kenyon West 



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A Revolutionary story of love and war. The scene centres around the now 
famous old Chew House in Germantown, Philadelphia. The Red and the 
Blue are rivals not only in war but in love, and endless complications and 
adventures are the result. {Jthe Lothrop Co.) 



S. Weir Mitchell 



1392. Comedy of Conscience, A 

The conscience belongs to Miss Serena Vernon ; it is of the New England 
variety, of course; and the comedy is furnished by a valuable diamond ring 
of which Miss Vernon becomes possessed most unwittingly and unwillingly. 
Dr. Mitchell gets much fun out of a slight incident. {The Century Co.) 

1380. Conjuror's House Stewart Edward White 

This is a story of the Hudson Bay country when it was under the autocratic 
sway of the Scottish Factors of the famous Fur Company. Ned Trent, as a 
democratic "free-trader," dares the wrath of the local autocrat and carries off 
his daughter after a hard fight. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 



1410. Conauering of Kate, The 



J, p. Mowbray 



Kate is one of two charming sisters who lived some thirty years ago in South- 
ern Pennsylvania on a huge unremunerative estate, John Burt comes to it 
as overseer, and a very pretty love-story ensues. {Doubleday, Page & Co.) 

1400. Cornet Strong of Ireton's Horse Dora Greenwell McChesney 

A tale of the grim Puritan days when Roundheads fought with Cavaliers, 
having a mystery cleverly concealed until the very end. A Captain of 
Ireton's Horse falls, in due course, in love with an Irish Royalist maid, but 
the real hero is fierce, fanatical Cornet Strong. {John Lane) 



1384. Barrel of the Blessed Isles 



Irving Bacheller 



The story of a mysterious and philosophical clock-tinker of vast Shakes- 
pearean erudition, a blithesome foundling boy, and a stray dog, who take us 
delightedly on a voyage to the "Blessed Isles of Imagination," too seldom 
visited in these days. {The Lothrop Co.) 

* 1468. Betached Pirate, A Helen Miiecete 

The ' ' pirate ' ' is the ex-Mrs. Colonel Gore, who has been legally ' * detached ' ' 
from her consort on account of his jealousy, and goes to Halifax as Gay 
Vandeleur. There she falls in with many smart people, good and bad, 
among them her former husband. The complications that ensue are exciting 
and diverting, even if a little improbable. They are related in a series of 
vivacious letters written to Gay's friend Vera. {Little, Broivn & Co.) 



^ 1470. Bominant Strain, The 



Anna Chapin Ray 



This is a strong and well-written story, whose title expresses its treatment 
both of heredity and of the musical temperament. A woman marries a man 
to reform him, and fails; a musical star wins more than artistic triumphs; 
and a number of other people add their quota of clever sayings and doings 
to round out a most readable tale. {Little, Broivn &" Co.) 



►Jh 1324. Bonna Biana 



Richard Bagot 



A story of modern Rome and the Roman Church, in which newly-awakened 
love leads the heroine from the cloister to the hearth. This is the third of 
Mr. Bagot's ecclesiastical trilogy. {Longmans, Green & Co.) 




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-k 1474. Dowager Countess and the American Girl, The 

Lilian Bell 

A better book than its predecessor, and in no way dependent on it, The 
'Doiuager Countess and the American Girl sets forth the nagging, hectoring, 
and hostility shown the young American bride of Archibald Cavendish by 
his mother, the Dowager Countess of Mayhew. Sir John again stands by the 
young American in her "foreign" surroundings like a trump. 

{Harper & Brothers) 

1397. Filigree Ball, The Anna Katherlne Green 

Mrs. Green's latest and one of her very best stories of mystery. A bride is 
found lying shot through the heart — the third mysterious death in the unin- 
habited, ill-reputed Moore House. Mrs. Green develops the situation clue 
by clue, step by step, cleverly keeping the suspense and mystery intact until 
the surprising discoveries which precede the end. {The Bobbs-Merrill Co.) 



►J^ 1325. Flowers of the Dust 



John Oxenham 



John Oxenham has written a story of the Franco-Prussian war, Floivers of the 
Dust, which possesses a mysterious plot, cleverly concealed, cleverly unrav- 
elled, plenty of exciting, if somewhat sanguinary, incident, clever description, 
and crisp dialogue. {A. Wessels Co.) 



1391. From a Thatched Cottage 



Eleanor G. Hay den 



A word and a blow, murder and remorse, hatred and love, all contribute 
their share in this story of life in an English rural hamlet among farmers and 
poachers. The sombreness of the story is relieved by many touches of 
genuine humor. (7". T. Cro'^vell & Co.) 



Elsvorlh Lavson 



1375. From the Unvarying Star 

The scene of this story is laid in a country parish in Yorkshire, where the hero 
is a dissenting minister of liberal views and emotional nature, both of which 
are sorely tried by his experiences. It is not a problem novel in the current 
meaning of the phrase, though it deals with the results oi which the ordinary 
problem novel usually furnishes the details. {The Macmillan Co.) 

1401. Girl of Ideas, A Annie Flint 

This story has a novel and unique plot, developed with much skill, ingenuity, 
and humor. The heroine is a disappointed literary aspirant who starts an 
office for the sale of "ideas" to publishers and writers. It is a clever satire 
on literary works and ways. {Charles Scribner's Sons) 



1415. Golden Fleece 



DaYid Graham Phillips 



This story satirizes panoramically, keenly, humorously, and truly, the hunt- 
ing of the American heiress by an impecunious English earl. He stalks his 
game in New York, Boston, Chicago, and Washington ; bags it, loses it, 
and returns to England. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 



1421. Gordon Keith 



Thomas Nelson Page 



This is the first novel Mr. Page has written since Ti,ed ^ock appeared. Its 
hero is a Virginian ; its heroine is from New York. The period extends from 
the close of the war down to our own times ; and the scene shifts between 
Virginia and New York. {Charles Scribner's Sons) 



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This story is written for that large class of people who seem to possess an 
inexhaustible appetite for Marquises and Chevaliers, rapiers and daggers, 
point lace and diamonds, adventure and mystery. It supplies these in pro- 
fusion and should satisfy the most romantic. {The Bobbs-Merrill Co.) 



1353. Grey Wig, The 



Israel Zangwill 



Mr. Zangwill's latest volume will be warmly welcomed. It takes its title 
from the first of six stories which picture the life and character of the London 
Ghetto with wonderful skill and realism. The stories are full of pathos, 
keen sarcasm, and wit. {^The Macmillan Co.) 



1416. Handicapped Among the Free 



Emma Rayner 



" It's sure the biggest curse that could fall upon a man to be born a nigger 
in a white man's land." This cry of a man in sore distress is the burden of 
a really noble book which avowedly aims for the betterment of the negro's 
position in the South. It is vibrant with sincerity, abounds in human interest, 
and should be commended to every reader. {Dodd^ Mead & Co.) 



1423. His Daughter First 



Arthur Sherburne Hardy 



This novel contains a triple love-story, and its plot turns upon the entangle- 
ments of an upland house party and upon stock-market complications. It is 
a picture of present-day society life in America. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 



1393. Horses Nine 



Sevell Ford 



1m. 



Nine stories of nine horses In various walks and runs of horse life. They are 
capital sketches, lending no undue psychological motives to their subjects, but 
showing observation and sympathy. {Charles Scribner's Sons) 

^ 1338. In the Garden of Charity Basil King 

A serious and sad study of the marriage problem. Charity Pennland, a Nova 
Scotian, marries a soldier who, during his subsequent absence of eleven years 
in war service, makes a mock-marriage with a half-Greek girl. He dies. 
Charity's attitude toward the poor deluded girl and her babe is the theme of 
the story. {Harper & Brothers) 



C. Hanford Henderson 



1374. John Percyfield 

The author calls this "The Anatomy of Cheerfulness." It is fiction and a 
little more. The more is a discussion of all sorts of 'isms, the fiction the 
doings of the "United Kingdom" (represented by one female each), the 
chatelaine, John Percyfield, and Margaret in a pension-chateau on Lake 
Geneva. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

^ 1337. Journeys End Justus Hiles Forman 

A charming little novelette detailing some American experiences of an Eng- 
lish heir to a dukedom, whose poverty and pride drive him to America. The 
story ends with a puzzle as distracting as that of The Lady or the Tiger. 
A popular actress is a character. {"Doubleday, Page & Co.) 



1367. Karl of Erbach 



H. C. Bailey 



A vivacious and graceful novel, which might be historical and isn't, with 
scarcely a threadbare incident or worn-out character in it. There is intrigue 
in Karl of Erbach and murder, war, and love making, but they are played 
to skilful variations of the old historic tune. {Longmans , Green & Co.) 



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^ 1453. Kempton-Wace Letters, The Anonymous 

Herbert Wace, an Anglo-Californian, a professor of Economics, and a self- 
satisfied, self-centred materialist, attempts to prove to his old London friend, 
Dane Kempton, an ardent idealist, the superiority of intellectual affinity over 
merely sensuous love. The letters that pass between the two reveal the pros 
and cons of the controversy in a quite unusually clever way, but Wace's 
theories fail as completely as his practice, and Hester Stebbins, his betrothed, 
tells him so at the end. Barbara agrees with her. {The Macmillan Co.) 



>h 1329. Lady Rose's Daughter 



Mrs. Humphry Ward 



A brilliant and consistent picture of the social progress in London of a beau- 
tiful and ambitious girl who is handicapped by a bar sinister and by a fatal 
disingenuousness of temperament. Mrs. Ward has drawn her inspiration for 
this heroine from Mile. Julie de Lespinasse, whose Letters have just been 
published in English form. [Harper & Brothers) 

1413. Land of Joy, The Ralph Henry Barbour 

This is a capital story of Harvard undergraduate life. The chief interest 
centres in the relations of John North and his protege, Phillip Ryerson, a hot- 
tempered young Virginian whose sister John adores. Phillip has a love affair 
of his own. The local atmosphere is admirably reproduced, and the book is 
a simple and humorous comedy of college life. {Doubleday, Page &' Co.) 

1366. Lees and Leaven Edward w.Tovnsend 

This is a "New York story of today." It contains a bountiful supply of 
incidents and of characters. The incidents are typical and the characters 
individual, and both are admirably drawn. Business stress, newspaper hustle, 
and the gay life of theatre and cafe are all sketched with skill and lightness. 
The book is New York in miniature. (McClure, Phillips & Co.) 

1389. Legatee, The ^lice Prescoti smiih 

A clever study of character contrasts. . A Virginian moves to a Wisconsin 
lumber town, and encounters a rich variety of adventures, including a strike, 
a forest-fire, and an affair of the heart. The forest-fire scene is a dramatic 
episode. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

1373. Lieutenant-Governor, The Guy Wetmore Carryi 

A political story of the Pennsylvania coal fields, not openly hostile to labor, 
but antagonistic to the socialistic ideas of the labor party. As a story, it has 
an unhackneyed plot, and is told with animation. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

1349. Life Within, The Anonymous 

A Christian Scientist propagandist novel, but a good story for all that. A 
young girl of good family is engaged to a young doctor. She becomes a 
convert to Christian Science and commences to treat her neighbors. Com- 
plications — social, medical, and legal — ensue, and the once peaceful town is 
speedily divided into hostile camps. {The Lothrop Co.) 

i^ 1456. Life's Common Way Annie Eiioi Trumbuii 

"Life's common way" is beset with pitfalls for the wariest; how much more 
for the unwary and the unfaithful ! Such is the idea which this excellent 
story unfolds with strength and skill. The hero, a clever but weakly ambi- 
tious man, is false to the fundamental virtue of honesty, and falls by the way, 
wrecking his happiness and his future, and involving that of his wife and 
friends. {A. S. Barnes & Co.) 



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1365. Light Behind, The Mrs. Wilfrid Ward 

This is a story of contemporary English social, literary, and political life, 
chiefly concerned with the fortunes of a brilliant, ambitious, but unhappily 
married social leader and a young man whom she patronizes, but whose 
weakness trips her up and brings down her house of cards about her ears. It 
is well written and distinctly above the average. {John Lane) 

* 1465. Log of a Cowboy, The Andy Adams 

No fiction this, but animated fact. To drive three thousand one hundred 
long-horned, long-legged cattle from the Rio Grande to Montana is not a 
pacific undertaking. The Log of a Couuboy is an unsophisticated and true 
record of such a five-months' drive, made in 1882, by the A No. i "outfit" 
to which Andy Adams belonged. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

* 1477. Love of Monsieur, The George Gibbs 

In his last story Mr. Gibbs took us "in search of Mademoiselle." This 
time a haughty young English beauty goes "in search of Monsieur," whose 
love she has spurned. There are stirring adventures on sea and land, and 
while it is not an historical novel, the fiavor of romance recalls the best of that 
class of fiction, without its limitations. {Harper & Brothers) 

>^ 1347. Lovey Mary Alice Hegan Rice 

A happy little book, as the sequel to Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch was 
bound to be. Although Lovey Mary starts out with quite different views (if 
she may be said to have views), she soon finds herself in the Cabbage Patch, 
and there Mrs. Wiggs reigns supreme and dispenses her voluble and versatile 
optimism as of yore. {The Century Co.) 

-k 1476. Main Chance, The Meredith Nicholson 

A "traction deal " in a Western city is the pivot about which the action of 
this clever story revolves. But it is in the character-drawing of the principals 
that the author's strength lies. He has given us a group of men and women 
in whom we become very much interested. Exciting incidents develop their 
inherent strength and w-eakness, and if virtue wins in the end, it is quite in 
keeping with its carefully-planned antecedents. {The Bobbs-Merrill Co.) 

1385. Mannerings, The Alice Brown 

A study of marital infelicity, in which a high-strung woman is mated to a 
dull-witted sort of knave, and in which two other couples embark at length 
on the uncertain sea of matrimony. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 



1411. Marjorie 



Justin Hunlly McCarthy 



A pretty little tale of philanthropy and piracy told in a monologue by Master 
Raphael Crowninshield, an actor therein. The philanthropy was the project 
of Captain Marmaduke Amber; the piracy was the work of Cornelys Jensen, 
who thought a bird in the hand worth two in the bush. {R. H. Russell) 



>h 1336. Master of Warlock, The 



George Cary Eggleston 



A Virginia war story, in w^hich neither Mars nor an ancestral feud can over- 
come Venus and Cupid. " Jeb " Stuart figures as a match-maker as well as 
a soldier, and the author gives a very true portrait of this brave and lovable 
man. {The Lothrop Co.) 




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* 1478. Mettle of the Pasture, The James Lane Alien 

The mere announcement of a new book by James Lane Allen sends a flutter 
of anticipation through the literary world, which will be followed by a breeze 
of enthusiasm when it is found that it resembles Mr. Allen's earlier romances, 
and has a heroine who is the acme of beauty, refinement, and grace. 

{The Macmillan Co.) 



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1425. Middle Aged Love Stories 



Josephine Daskam 



Seven stories of the loves of middle-aged people, humorous and pathetic. 
They possess individuality and that quality which has made Miss Daskam's 
former books so enjoyable. {Charles Scribner^s Sons) 



* 1462. Modern Obstacle, The 



Alice Duer Miller 



The modern obstacle to marriage — what else but the lack of money ? A girl 
of luxurious necessities, whose beauty and charm demand an exquisite setting, 
finds the obstacle greater than love. If the lover is ready and even eager, by 
quietly committing suicide at the end of six months of marriage, to ensure the 
necessary luxury — what then ? The Modern Obstacle is a decidedly clever 
picture of our society, which too often offers up Cupid a sacrifice to Mammon. 

{Charles Scribner^s Sons) 

1412. Mystery of Murray Davenport, The Robert Neiison Stephens 

This is not, strictly speaking, what one would call a "detective" story, 
though the mystery would have interested even S^ rlock Holmes. It is the 
story of a disappointed misanthrope who sudden disappears from human 
ken, under suspicious circumstances. \L. C. Page & Co.) 



1414. No Hero 



E. W. Hornung 



In this story Mr. Hornung has taken leave of his cracksmen and heroics 
and has written a very readable, natural story of the infatuation of a young 
Eton lad for a widow older than himself, the intervention of a third party, and 
the entanglements incident to his mission. {Charles ^cribner^s Sons) 

1382. On Satan's Mount "Dwight Tiiton" 

A very melodramatic story of love, business, and politics, portraying the 
probable future supreme strife of labor and capital in this country. The two 
rivals are caricatures of John Mitchell and J. P. Morgan. (C. M . Clark <Sf Co.) 

1403. Our Neighbours lan Maclaren 

A bright series of stories, grave and gay, and short papers descriptive of the 
author's experiences as a traveler and lecturer in Europe and America. It is 
filled with wholesome spirit, humor, and manly pathos. {Dodd, Mead & Co.) 



1417. Pagan at the Shrine, The 



Paul Gvynne 



The quaintness of custom, primitiveness of life, and unconscious picturesque- 
ness of the most Spanish of Spaniards, their folk-lore, superstitions, loquacity, 
and love of merriment are charmingly depicted in this novel of Andalucia. 
The story itself is a tragic one. {The Macmillan Co.) 

1359. Pearl-Maiden H. Rider Haggard 

A tale of adventures many, which befell a Christian maid at the period of 
the destruction of Jerusalem. The fall of the Holy City is vividly described, 
as is also the Triumph of Titus. Some 200 Essenes are Miriam's guardian 
angels, helping her in her hours of greatest need. {Longmans^ Green & Co.) 




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1426. Spedre of Power, A Charles Egbert Craddock 

It is a long time since Miss Murfree has written a story, and her welcome is 
all the more assured. She sticks to her Tennessee mountains, but goes back 
to the time of the struggles of the French and English in the early eighteenth 
century for possession of the Cherokee territory. The story abounds in adven- 
ture, mystery, peril, and suspense. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

1379. Spoilsmen, The Eiuott Flower 

A clever and convincingly realistic picture of municipal politics in Chicago; 
of the unavailing struggles of a poor man to keep honest and keep in politics; 
and of a rich young man's whirlwind campaign in order to win a girl's love. 
A good story, with a good lesson in it for " reform.ers," {L. C. Page & Co ) 

1336. Squireen, The shan f. BuUock 

An Irish story portraying a typical Celtic temperament whose progress, down- 
wards and upwards, retains our interest and enlists our sympathies, although 
we cannot restrain our resentment against the hero's vagaries that wreck the 
peace of his home and neighborhood. {McClure, Phillips &' Co.) 

►J^ 1330. Star Dreamer, The Agnes and Egerton Caslle 

A very delightful love story of the olden time in rural England. No problem 
disfigures it; much quaint knowledge and humor distinguish it; while jeal- 
ousy and pride create interesting situations. {F. A. Stokes &" Co.) 



1432. Stirrup Cup, The 



J. Aubrey Tyson 



A novelette of the courtship of Aaron Burr, narrated by Master Hartrigg, 
ex-schoolmaster and actual sergeant in the Continental Army. It is a bright, 
imaginative little tale of the beginning of what was in reality Burr's happy 
married life. {D. Appleton &' Co.) 



Lillian W. Belts 



1435. Story of an East-Side Family, The 

The East-Side without glamour — degradation, drunken women, and brutal 
men. In the centre Jack and Marj', who start matrimony with a dollar, in a 
room furnished with a orrowed table and two soap boxes. It is the real 
thing — the shameful thing — studied with sympathy. {Dodd, Mead & Co.) 

1381. Substitute, The win N. Harben 

A story of Northern Georgia. The plot is original: that of vicarious restora- 
tion, or expiatory substitution. The hero is a young fellow, poor but honest, 
whose foster-father — a confessed murderer — brings him up to lead an upright 
life, and thus to atone for his wrong-doing. {Harper &' Brothers) 



►I^ 1323. Success of Mark Wyngate, The 



Una L. Silberrad 

An English story of a silent, self-contained, successful man of science, baffled 
but ultimately successful in his work, which gets such a hold upon him that 
it drives love from his heart until too late. A strong but sad story, yet with 
touches of humor to relieve its sombreness. {Doubleday, Page & Co.) 

1404. Tar-Heel Baron, A Habell Shipple Clarke Pellon 

A fresh character-creation is the Baron Frederich von Ritter, and an engag- 
ing one. Placed in the incongruous environment of North Carolina, he 
acquits himself like a man. (J. B. Lippincott Co.) 




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4201. Explorations in Bible Lands Edited by Herman Y. Hllprechl 

A large and profusely illustrated volume containing a complete and authentic 
history of the results of the exploratory work already accomplished in Bible 
lands. (^. J. Holman & Co.) 



1376. Great Siberian Railway, The 



Michael Myers Shoemaker 



This is an illustrated record of a trip made over the great Russian transcon- 
tinental railway by a keen and sympathetic observer who does not allow preju- 
dices to sway his pen in recording actual conditions. ( G. P. Putnam's Sons) 

1406. Greater Russia Wiri Gerrare 

A readable and instructive study of the social and political status and aspira- 
tions of modern Russia. Its English author has traveled far and wide in 
Asiatic Russia, and has an Englishman's pluck and obstinacy in the face of 
obstructions and discomforts. {The Macmillan Co.) 



iK: 1459. How Paris Amuses Itself 



F. Berkeley Smith 



Parisians know how to amuse themselves, and to judge from Mr. Smith's 
descriptions — literary and pictorial — they do not take their pleasures sadly. 
Most of the amusement appears to be frothy and somewhat audacious, but it 
is Iridescent, artistic, and perfect of its kind. {Funk & JVagnalls) 

1447. Poland George Brandes 

The celebrated Danish critic has vividly reported in this book his impressions 
of divided Poland — Russian, Prussian, and Austrian — gained on different 
trips when he was an honored and feted visitor and lecturer. He finds much 
to admire in that gallant little country that Is not a nation. "We love 
Poland," he says, " not as we love Germany or France or England, but as we 
love freedom." Coming from the hand of Brandes, the volume would not be 
complete without such an appreciative and historical review of Polish literature 
as it contains. {The Macmillan Co.) 

^ 1345. Romance of the Colorado River, The Frederick s. Deiienbaugh 

A superbly Illustrated and most Interesting account of the country through 
which the great "red" river runs and of the Powells' two dare-devil expedi- 
tions down its almost Impassable canyons. Mr. Dellenbaugh was an adven- 
turesome member of the second expedition. {G. P. Putnam's Sons) 

1437. True Tales of Mountain Adventure Mrs. Aubrey Le Blond 

The author is an intrepid Alpine climber, and writes from experience. She 
has narrated her exciting adventures in a very Interesting manner, pic- 
turing most vividly the joys, benefits, and dangers of mountain climbing. 
The book Is well Illustrated. {£. P. Dutton &' Co.) 

1442. Turk and His Lost Provinces, The Wiiuam Eieroy Curtis 

This goodly volume contains Mr. Curtis' impressions of his recent visit to the 
Balkan peninsula. It is a lively and discriminating account of present day 
conditions in that disturbed bit of Eastern Europe. {Fleming H. Re'vell Co.) 

1383. Winter India e. r. scidmore 

An entertaining and instructive record of travel in India by a keen and 
experienced observer. The, author has gone the usual rounds of India and 
much more, and her comments are wise and witty. {The Century Co.) 




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NEW BOOKS ON POLITICS AND HISTORY 



>^ 1344. American Diplomacy in the Orient 



John W. Foster 



An authoritative account of the origin and progress of American expansion 
during recent years. Mr. Foster writes from a wide personal knowledge 
of the events he describes. {Houghton, Miffiin & Co.) 



Gabriel Hanolaux 



1439. Contemporary France : 1870-1873 

The first of four important volumes which will give us contemporary France, 
reflected in a gigantic mirror, polished and held — so to speak — by one of her 
most eminent Republican statesmen and historians. The present volume 
comprises the critical period of 1870-1873. (G. P. Putnam'' s Sons) 

* 1454. Fight for the City, A Alfred Hodder 

The "city" is New York, and the "fight" was Justice Jerome's spectacular 
but successful campaign of truth-telling, as against that of the " administra- 
tive lie," in New York's last great municipal contest. Mr. Hodder is Mr. 
Jerome's private secretary, and his book is not only a vivid account of his 
principal's heroic campaign, but is an exceedingly valuable exposition of 
modern civics of the better sort. [The Macmillan Co.) 



1428. Kaiser's Speeches, The 



Edited by, Wolf von Schierbrand 



However much omniscience may be the foible of the Kaiser, he is never dull. 

To this fact this goodly volume bears witness. It contains extracts from his 
^ ,^ speeches on all conceivable subjects and occasions, and every one of them is 

jT~r[]\ full of matter and to the point. Herr Von Schierbrand 's annotations give 

unity and vivacity to his compilation. {Harper & Brothers) 

1448. Political Parties and Party Problems in the United 

States Albert S. Woodburn 

This work is both historical and critical. It traces the rise and growth of 
American political parties ; points out their ideals and their development; 
and criticises the defects and dangers of their methods. {E. P. Button & Co.) 



NEW BOOKS ON ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY 




f^4A 



1407. American Industrial Problems w. r. Lawson 

This book contains the serious, careful, and suggestive comments on the 
American situation of an English observer who has lived in America and 
speaks from experience. {McClure, Phillips &" Co.) 

^ 5110. Social Unrest, The John Graham Brooks 

This" is a thoughtful and stimulating book by a man who has lived among 
men and knows whereof he writes. It is a careful, informal discussion of the 
causes of the present industrial unrest in this country. {The Macmillan Co.) 




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1440. Trust Finance 

The Trust question needs to be understood, and few people understand it. 
Dr. Meade helps the reader to an understanding of the methods of the pro- 
motion and financing of industrial trusts, and leaves him free to draw his own 
ethical and moral conclusions, being satisfied to be an expositor and not a 
critic, a croaker, or a prophet. {D. Appleton & Co.) 

►J^ 1331. Woman Who Toils, The Mrs. John and Miss Marie Van Yorst 

An account of the practical experiences of the joint-authors as wage-earners 
in the East and South. An Introductory Letter by President Roosevelt. 
Illustrated. {Doubleday, Page &' Co.) 

>i< 5109. Work of Wall Street, The Sereno s. Pratt 

This book treats of corporate transactions and the machinery of combines, 
mergers, trusts, and the like. It is a clear and concise explanation of things 
financiaJ, suitable and iristructive to the lay mind. (Z). Appleton &" Co.) 






DOMESTIC ECONOMY AND RECREATION 



m 



1427. Athletics and Out-Door Sports for Women Luciiie e. mii 

This is a symposium on athletics and sports for women. There are articles 
on physical training at home, gymnasium work, dancing, walking, swim- 
ming, skating, bowling, golf, running, lawn tennis, field hockey, basket-ball,, 
riding, fencing, rowing, and track athletics, each by an expert, and all finely 
illustrated. {The Macmillan Co.) 



Clarence Hoores Weed 



1446. Flower Beautiful, The 

There are many people who love flowers but who have not the knack of using 
them effectively for decorative purposes. Mr. Weed's attractive book will do 
much to supplement the lack of such a knack — or rather art — as well as to 
increase and direct it. He has a true appreciation of the fundamental law of 
harmony. [Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

1368. Millionaire Households and their Domestic Economy 

Mary Elizabeth Carter 

This book, by a former superintending housekeeper in millionaire house- 
holds, reveals the menage of a modern millionaire and the details of his 
strenuous quest after luxury and amui^ement. It is full of practical good 
ideas on housekeeping in general. (Z). Appleton &" Co.) 

►J^ 1333. Principles of Home Decoration Candace wheeier 

An admirable blending of the practical and the artistic pervades Mrs. 
Wheeler's exposition of the true principles of harmonious interior decoration. 
The criticism and the hints are most valuable. [Doubleday, Page & Co.) 

1361. Racquets, Tennis, and Squash Eustace Miles 

A capital handbook, finely illustrated, with valuable hints on training, etc., 
by an expert and champion. Mr. Miles says many good things on the spirit 
of sport, its advantages, and its influence on character. [D. Appleton & Co.) 



"Si 



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1362. Taylor on Golf 



J. H. Taylor 



What Mr. Taylor does not know about golf is hardly worth knowing. He 
has put most of what he does know into his book, and what he knows is apt 
to be valuable to the golfer and to the duffer. [Harper & Brothers) 

1377. Woman's Hardy Garden, A Helena Ruiherfurd Ely 

A practical book on gardening, most clearly and concisely put, and beauti- 
fully illustrated. There are no babies to distract, no man of wrath to dread, 
in this garden; just frames, fertilizers, and flowers. {The Macmillan Co.) 



NEW BOOKS OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 



.A 



^ 4199. Agnosticism Robert Flint 

A most valuable historical study of the "theory as to the limits of human 
knowledge," otherwise popularly known as agnosticism. In reality, the book 
is positive and constructive in tone and temper, although dealing with the 
doctrine of negation. [Charles Scribner's Sons) 

^ 4203. Babel and Bible Friedrich Deiitzsch 

This volume contains the full text of Professor Deiitzsch 's two famous lectures 
on the Babylonian cuneiform inscriptions that raised such a storm in Germany 
so recently. The title means "Babel (Babylon) as the interpreter and illus- 
trator of the Bible," and while the lectures are radical, they do not deserve 
the violent aspersions to which they have been subjected. Dr. Deiitzsch 
produces evidence that calls for very serious consideration, not for abuse. 

(G. P. Putnam's Sons) 

►J^ 4200. Extra-Canonical Life of Christ, The Bemhard Pick 

Dr. Pick has collected and arranged in a concise and admirable form all the 
most valuable of the apocryphal accounts that deal with our Lord's earthly 
life. A book that laymen will find as interesting as clergymen, and valuable 
as a study in comparative biography. {Funk & tVagnalls) 

4202. Other Room, The Lyman Abbott 

A study of death and immortality from the spiritual standpoint. Wise and 
stimulating in conception; simple and elevated in style. Dr. Abbott writes 
from long ministerial experience and meets the doubts and soothes the sorrows 
of many perplexed hearts in this fine little book. {The Outlook Co.) 



NEW BOOKS OF ESSAYS AND CRITICISM 



(^ 



Charles Wagner 



1444. Better Way, The 

This new book, by the author of The Simple Life, represents the application 
of the doctrines of that book to the affairs of the spirit. It is full of sugges- 
tive helps as to acting and thinking so that we may become masters of our- 
selves and better able to meet the crises of life. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 



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1395. Traitors, The E. PWllips Oppenheim 

A dashing tale of love, politics, and war in an imaginary Balkan principality, 
in which natives, Turks, Russians, Englishmen, and Americans jostle one 
another, and encounter all sorts of adventures. {Dodd^ Mead & Co.) 

1422. Trent's Trust Brei Harie 

Seven stories of the old California days, as original, powerful, and fascinating 
as the author's best. These stories are published with the authority of Mr. 
Harte's literary executors. {Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) 

1360. True Love Edith Wyaii 

The author calls this story " A Comedy of the Affections." It is a story of 
life in an Illinois town, and deals with its commonplaces in a cleverly observ- 
ant way. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 

>h 1328. Truth Emile Zola 

A powerful and absorbing story, the third of the " Four Evangelists" series, 
throwing a flood of light upon the anti-Semitism and anti-clericalism of con- 
temporary France. The Dreyfus case and the school question figure largely 
in the story. {John Lane) 

ik 1471. Truth and a Woman Anna Robeson Brown 

This rather brief but interesting story has been written to prove woman's 
reliance on love and temperament as against masculine logic and pure reason, 
and its failure. True, the man of the book is unreasonably, almost icono- 
clastically, opposed to compromise and conventionality, but such types do 
exist. They are not successful lovers, however, and that is fatal to woman's 
happiness, which, after all, ought to count for something in life. 

(//. S. Stone & Co.) 

1351. Turquoise Cup, The Arthur Cosletl Smith 

Two brightly written novelettes, ' ' The Turquoise Cup ' ' and ' ' The Desert ' ' ; 
the first humorous, the second tragic; and both artistically wrought out of 
very slight and delicate materials. {Charles Scribner^ s Sons) 

ii^ 1461. Under Dog, The f. Hopkinson Smith 

This is a collection of stories of the "under dog" In life's struggle: of the 
misunderstood, unappreciated, unsuccessful, and even of the criminal. Mr. 
Smith has seized on the dramatic and picturesque features of their tragedies, 
not merely to make good copy — that goes without saying — but to appeal for 
justice for those who have stumbled or fallen. This serious purpose of the 
book in no way overwhelms its pictorial, graphic, and humorous value as 
literature. {Charles Scribner's Sons) 

>ii 1343. Under the Rose Frederic S. Isham 

Under the %ose is a romance of the "Court of Love" — the languorous, 
silken court of Francis I. The adventures of the court, and how a jester and 
a jestress flee through the forests, across France, to Charles V., are cheerily 
and prettily told, and Under the %fise will probably be as great a success as 
The Strollers. {The Bobbs- Merrill Co.) 

>h 1346. Virginia Girl in the Civil War, A Hyrta Lockett Avary 

This book reads like a novel, but is, in reality, the record of the personal 
experiences of a Southern lady during the dark days of the Civil war. Mrs. 
Avary learned the facts during a Southern visit and has pieced them together 
with great skill into a coherent and readable narrative. {D. Appleton & Co.) 



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1424. Voice in Ihe Desert, The Pauline Bradford Hackie 

The reviewer has never dwelt in the arid deserts of the mid-continent, but he 
is sure that he would feel as if he were returning to a familiar scene were he 
now to visit them, after reading this powerful and tender romance. Both 
places and people are life-like, and the description and dialogue are perfect 
parts of a complete and satisfying whole. {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 



Oltilie A. Liljencrantz 



1420. Ward of King Canute, The 

A brave and novel story of olden days when the Danes, under great Canute, 
swooped down upon England. A noble Danish maid, who serves him, dis- 
guised as a page, is the lovable heroine. She is taken prisoner by an Eng- 
lish etheling, both gallant and gentle, and both are worthy of the adventures 
they have. {A. C. McClurg & Co.) 

iK^ 1457. Wars of Peace, The a. f. wiison 

This novel seeks to portray a phase of American industrial life much in 
evidence just now: the struggle of the individual against the Trust. While 
a little bit melodramatic, it is a powerful picture of a son's revolt against the 
tyranny of a self-righteous father whose conscience is gradually stifled by the 
stress of competition. {Little, Broavn & Co.) 

1449. Wee Macgreegor j. j. Beii 

Macgreegor is a braw wee bit Glaisgey laddie who is the pride of his dotin' 
faither and mither. He wheedles them a' the time, playin' off ane against 
the ither wi' muckle skill. He's na sae blate at a crack, and bauds his ain 
wi' his parents, and, indeed, talks the braidest Scotch for 165 pages, for the 
kennin' o' whilk Maister Bell has maist kindly providit a usefu' glossary — 
keeps a' ! {Harper & Brothers) 



1355. What Manner of Man 



Edna Kenton 



A strong and tragic story of the artistic temperament run literally mad. A 
decadent artist marries a wild Scotch lassie, and breaks her heart. He is not 
sufficiently punished. {The Bobbs-Merrill Co.) 



1434. Wind in the Rose-Bush, The 



Mary E. Wilkins 



Ghostly shapes, illusive shadows, haunted chambers, mysterious noises, and 
all the proper spectral paraphernalia of New England villages have crept into 
these stories of Mrs. Freeman's. They are not too "scarey" — just curious 
and weird. No more so, however, than the Peter Newell illustrations that 
accompany them. {Doubleday, Page & Co.) 



►J^ 1332. Youth 



Joseph Conrad 



A book of three rather long short stories by the author of Typhoon. Grim 
realism. The titles are: " Youth," " Heart of Darkness," and " The End 
of the Tether." {McClure, Phillips & Co.) 

LIBRARY OF FOREIGN LITERATURE 

Books in this department (French and German) are catalogued 
separately. A supplement containing a list of the newest and 
most talked about books in French and German has just been 
issued. The catalogue supplements may be had, on application, 
at all the Library Centres. 




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LITTLE JOURNEYS to lake resorts 
and mountain homes will be more 
popular this summer than ever. 
Many have already arranged their sum- 
mer tours via the 

CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE 
& ST. PAUL RAILWAY 

and many more are going to do likewise. 
Booklets that will help you to plan your 
vacation trip have just been published, 
and will be sent on receipt of postage, 
as follows : 

"Colorado-California," six cents. 

"In Lakeland" and "Summer Homes," 
six cents. 

"Lakes Okoboji and Spirit Lake," four 
cents. 

F. A. MILLER, 

General Passenger Agent, 

CHICAGO. 



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Round-trip tickets Chicago to 
Denver, Colorado Springs and 
Pueblo at the above rate on sale 
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August 31 to return. $30.00 rate 
in effect daily, beginning June I, 
good until October 31 to return. 
Correspondingly low rates 
from other points. The 

Colorado Special | 

A perfectly appointed train, leaves 
Chicago 6.30 p. m. every day. Only 
one night en route from Chicago and 
the Central States; only two nights 
from the Atlantic seaboard. 

Another fast daily train leaves 
Chicago at 11.30 p.m. 

g^e 'Best of Everything, 

All agents sell tickets via the 



Chicago & North=Western 

and 

Unioa Pacific Railways 

For Colorado booklets and full information as 
to rates, schedules, etc., address 

W. B. KNISKERN, E L. LOMAX, 

Pass'r Traffic Manager, General Passenger Agent, 
Chicago & North-Western Ry., Union Pacific R. R., 

Chicago. Omaha, Neb. 

CS13 



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HO DIAMONDS 



MARSHALL'S 
S40 Diamona Sale 

Your choice during July, of either of these rings 
(or any other style of mounting) for $40.00, 

$8-oo cash and $4'M2 a Month 
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to examine It. We will send your cboice express 
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Diamonds are exchangeable 

here any time at full value on any equal purchase. 
FUEE Shows latest designs in diamondo, 

Diamond rings, pins, brooches, everything in 
#*5>#»#A«»<A jewelry. Shop here by mail and save 
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GEO. E. MARSHAL.]!., (incorporated) 

Dept. 16, Chicago, 111. 

Reference— First National Hank. 



THE 

FOUR-TRACK 

NEWS 

An Illustrated Magazine 
of Travel and Education 

MORE THAN 100 PAGES MONTHLY 

Its scope and character are indicated by the following 
titles of articles that have appeared in recent issues : 



Picturesque Venezuela — Illustrated 
Haunts of Eben Holden — Illustrated 
A Journey Among the Stars — Illustrated 
In the Great North Woods — Poem . . 
Beautiful Porto Rico — Illustrated . . 
In Rip Van Winkle's Land — Poem . 
Nature's Chronometer — Illustrated 
Van Arsdale, The Platitudinarian — lUus. 
The Three Oregons — Illustrated . . . 
Ancient Prophecies Fulfilled — Illustrated 
The Stories the Totems Tell — Illustrated 
A Little Country Cousin — Illustrated 
The Mazamas — Illustrated . . . 
When Mother Goes Away — Poem 
A Little Bit of Holland— Illustrated 
The Romance of Reality— Illustrated 
Samoa and Tutuila — Illustrated . 
Under Mexican Skies — Illustrated 
Niagara in Winter — Illustrated 
Little Histories— Illustrated 

Old Fort Putnam 

The Confederate White House 
The Alamo 



Frederick A. Ober 
. Del B. Salmon 
. FrankW. Mack 
. Eben E. Rexford 
Hezekiah Butterworth 

Minna Irving 
. H. M. Albaugh 
Charles Battell Loomis 
. Alfred Holman 
. George H. Daniels 
. Luther L. Holden 
. Kathleen L. Greig 
. Will G. Steel 

Joe Cone 
. Charles B. Wells 
. Jane W. Guthrie 
. Michael White 
. Marin B. Fenwick 
. Orrin E. Dunlap 

. William J. Lampton 
. Herbert Brooks 
, John K. Le Baron 



SINGLE COPIES 5 CENTS, or 50 CENTS A YEAR 



Can be had of newsdealers, or by addressing 

George H 



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7 East 42d St., New York 




The delightful country of health-giving, 
light, dry air and inspiring scenery is the 
ideal place to spend your 

Summer Vacation 

A country perfectly suited for either 
rest, recreation or sport, abounding in good 
hotels and boarding places adapted to any 
man's means. It is an inexpensive place 
to visit and the trip requires but one night 
en route from Chicago via the 

CHICAGO, UNION PACIFIC AND 
NORTH-WESTERN LINL 

An Illustrated Booklet and other interest- 
ing printed matter about Colorado will be 
sent free to all persons addressing 

W. B. KNISKERN, 

Passenger Traffic Manager C. & N.«W. Ry., 
22 Fifth Ave.. CHICAGO. 



SOUTHERN PACIFIC 

Two daily trains from Nev Orleans to Louisiana, 
Texas, New and Old Mexico, Arizona, and Califor- 
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For further information, free illustrated pamphlets, maps, 
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baggage checked to all destinations, address 

L. H. Nutting, General Eastern Passenger Agent, 
349 Broadway, or 1 Broadway, N. Y. City 

R. J. SMITH, Agt., A. M. LONGACRE, T. P. A., 
109 S. Third St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

E. O. McCORMICK, P. T. M., San Francisco, Cal. 
S. F. B. MORSE, A. P.T. M.. Houston, Tex. 



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We send our own buyers there 
every year to get the best that are 
grown, and we pay for them twice 
what common hops cost. 

A partner in our business buys 
our barley, and selects the best 
from all. 

We get our water from six wells, 
bored to rock. 

Our yeast is all developed from 
the original mother cells which 
helped make Schlitz Beer famous. 

We even filter air 

All the air that touches Schlitz 
Beer comes to it through air filters. 

And the beer itself is filtered 
through white wood pulp. 

Then we age it for months, 
until it can't cause biliousness. 
We sterilize every bottle. 

Yet ScHlitz Beer' 
costs only 
common beer 
prices 

Ask for the brewery bottling. 



Please mention The BOOKLOVERS Magazine when you write to advertiser! 



THE BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 



IVhen Golfing^ Shootings Fishing 

use 

Horlick's 
Malted 

Milk 

a delicious, satisfying food -drink — in powdered form, 

instantly prepared with hot or cold water. Also in tablet 

form, either natural or chocolate flavor — ready to be eaten 

as a quick lunch. A compact, strength-giving, emergency 

ration for the sportsman, athlete and traveler. 

Made of pure, rich milk from our own dairies, and the extract of 
selected grain, malted by our special process. 

Used and sold everywhere — all druggists. 

C^ iK "]\ IW 1 ^T 1 A If you are not using it now, let us send "■ '^ ¥ ^ "1 > "1 ^ 
^^ h^k I ^LJ I \r^ I w\ you our unique vShakespearian Book- w\ r^ w\ w\ 

*^^^ -m^-LTAX X^X^ jg^ ^^^ ^ ^^.^j package, postpaid, ^ XVX^J-^ 

Horlick's Food Co., Racine, Wis., U. S. A. 

34 Farringdon Road, London, Eng. Established 1873. 25 St. Peter Street, Montreal, Can. 

Please mention The BOOKLQVERS MAGAZINE when you write to advertisers 



THE. BOOKLOVERS MAGAZINE ADVERTISER 




Pabst 

Dre^v^5 oeer to suit tne 
popular taste; some lignt 
ana some dark, out all 
aDsolutely pure. It s 
not an experiment, but 
an assurecl ract^ ana 
tnus tne widespreaa 
popularity or 

lyt^st Blue Ritbon 

is explamea. 



Please mention The BooklOVERS MAGAZINE when you write to advertisers 



FOODS 



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Ralston Purina 
MiUer at Work. 



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" Hello ! Have you 
tried my latest? 
Something to live for, 
then. It's ' Crisps' — 
Ralston Health Crisps. 
• Good as Ralston ? ' Well, it ought to be : I just take 
the same rich wheat that I make Ralston Breakfast 
Food out of; cook it, roll it into crispy flakes and toast 
It to a turn in my ovens. It's 'as good as wheat,' as 
they say ; no flavoring extracts, no coloring— just wheat, 
treated respectfully, not insulted. Of course Ralston 
Health Crisps is a little better than any other. 

Good enough ' never was put in a Checkerboard pack- 
age and never will be. • Checkerboard ' means • best/ ' 



You now have your choice of eithert 
a cool dish of Ralston Health Crisps 
or a warm dish of Ralston Breakfast 
Food— both delicious summer foods. 




Ralitoii Health Crisps come in large loc. 
and 25c. packages— a free bag of checkers 
in the large size. 

Ralston Purina Co., 
St. Louis, U.S. A. 




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