(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The book of public arms : a complete encyclopædia of all royal, territorial, municipal, corporate, official, and impersonal arms"

B.H. K. 



\^^6:jo. ix(o 



A^: 



^^.^^ 



'^ 










T_ 



Given By 



.JCi-V^^j^ 



^ 



THE BOOK OF 
PUBLIC ARMS 




PUBLIC 
ARMS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BUITAIN AND IRELAk^g^^^Cj^/ 



THE BOOK OF 

PUBLIC ARMS 

A COMPLETE ENCYCLOPiEDIA 
OF ALL ROYAL, TERRITORIAL, 
MUNICIPAL, CORPORATE, OFFI- 
CIAL, AND IMPERSONAL ARMS 



BY 

ARTHUR CHARLES FOX-DAVIES 

OF LINCOLN'S INN, BARRISTER-AT-LAW 
AUTHOR OF "armorial FAMILIES," "THE ART OF HERALDRY," ETC. 




A NEW EDITION CONTAINING 
OVER ISOO DRAWINGS 



LONDON: T. C. & E. C. JACK 

67 LONG ACRE, W.C. 

AND EDINBURGH 

1915 



/V 



■V 



« 









PREFACE 

At the outset of these few pages, by way of introduction to this revised edition of 
my " Book of Public Arms," I wish to emphasise the keen and generous, and at the 
same time disinterested, interest which my publishers, Messrs T. C. & E. C. Jack, 
have taken in the book. 

The previous edition contained only the arms of Towns, Counties, and 
Universities. The additions to these categories alone in the intervening score of 
years would have justified a new edition from the mere consideration of available 
material. But as I wished to make the book as perfect as possible I decided, 
and Messrs Jack were agreeable, to extend the book so that it should- include 
every British impersonal coat of arms in existence. That meant adding the arms 
of Schools, Colleges, Societies, Trading Companies, Colonies, Hospitals, Episcopal 
Sees, etc., etc. That I have endeavoured to do, and the object in view in this edition 
has been to include every single coat of arms of an impersonal character. How far 
I have succeeded remains to be seen. Through the great kindness of Lyon King 
of Arms and Ulster King of Arms, who have both allowed me access to their 
records, I can confidently say that every genuine impersonal coat of arms included 
in their Scottish and Irish records will be found in this book. And let me here 
tender my grateful thanks for the assistance given me by Sir J. Balfour Paul, C.V.O., 
Lyon King of Arms, and Capt. Neville Wilkinson, C.V.O., Ulster King of Arms, 
and to F. J. Grant, Esq., Rothesay Herald and Lyon Clerk, and G. D. Burtchaell, 
Esq., Athlone Pursuivant of Arms, for the enormous help and assistance they have 
given me. I am, as my readers must be, very grateful to them. 

Nobody is ever permitted the same facilities with regard to the College of Arms. 
The different constitution of that Corporation prevents it. But I have not met with 
any hindrance. Every help has been given me within the limits which are per- 
missible, every question I have asked any officer of arms has been answered, and 
I know many of the officers, and I have badgered my friends there to what I think 
must have been the limits of their patience. And I do wish to put on record that 
some of them — knowing I was engaged upon this book — when they have come 
across some strange coat which they have thought I might like to include have sent 
me the details unasked. I have had help there far beyond anything I expected or 
had a right to expect, and I most gratefully tender my thanks to all those at the 
College of Arms who have helped me. My debt to them is heavy. But I cannot 
guarantee I have everything from their records. There may still be treasure-trove 
for writers who follow me. I probably have got all the ancient grants, for Berry, the 
Registrar of the College of Arms at the close of the eighteenth century, gutted the 
Grant Books for his " Encyclopaedia Heraldica," and got sacked for doing so. Of the 
b V 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

grants since Berry's time I am a bit doubtful that I have them all. I have written 
broadcast to every public body that I knew was using arms, or thought h'kely to 
be, and I cheerfully acknowledge the fact that very few of my letters have remained 
unanswered. There is none of the disinclination to give nie full details with regard 
to impersonal arms that I met with in the editing of my book " Armorial Families " 
and in the editing of" Burke's Landed Gentrj-," and I have nearly always been supplied 
at my request with full particulars and with the dates of grant. These details have all 
been checked at the College of Arms, and the information I print may be relied upon 
as far as it is humanly possible to guarantee work of mind and pen, both liable 
always to unintentional lapse into error. If the English impersonal coats in this book 
are not complete, I feel confident they are not far short of being so, and I am fairly 
confident that my book may also be entirely relied upon on the point of whether 
any given coat of arms is genuine or otherwise. I think I have every genuine impersonal 
coat of arms. I think I have, but I am not sure. At any rate I have done my best. 
Of the bogus impersonal coats I can only say I have included every one of which 
I have had knowledge, if it had serious claim to consideration. Bogus arms one can 
only deal with if one comes across them. Naturally there must be many of which 
I have never heard. 

There is, however, one class of impersonal arms which I have entirely ignored. 
I refer to the arms of the ancient abbeys and other monastic establishments. They 
are all long since extinct, and any interest in them, if there be any, can be only of an 
entirely antiquarian character. Scores of them are recorded in some form or another 
in the College of Arms, but I know of no official formal record of a grant or con- 
firmation to any such body as an existing corporation. Such records as exist are 
incidental records of extinct bodies. There is scarcely a religious foundation to 
whicn there are not several coats of arms attributed. The whole subject is confusion, 
resulting from the painstaking attempts of bygone antiquaries to convert into coats 
of arms devices from seals. Some, of course, were used as and intended to be coats 
of arms. Some were purely personal to a particular individual. The bulk, I strongly 
believe, were never intended to be regarded as more than mere seal devices. It 
is impossible to get at the truth, and the truth, if it could be ascertained, matters 
so little that I have thought it wisest to leave the whole category alone. The 
information is seldom wanted, and the bulk of it is already in print for the use of 
students and inquirers. 

In addition to the British coats to which I have alluded, this volume will be 
found to include many foreign coats of arms. As to these I do not pretend to the 
slightest knowledge whether they are genuine or bogus. I have made no attempt 
to verify them, and I accept no responsibility for them. I have tried to obtain 
correct information, and I have done the best I could to obtain the arms of all 
Foreign Countries, and of the Principal Foreign Cities. For foreign arms in the 
volume I make no higher claim. They are merely included in the hope 
that they may be useful to my readers, but I do not pretend that the in- 
formation I give concerning them even approximates in value to the information 
I give as to British arms. As to these I hope and believe the details may be 

vi 



PREFACE 

absolutely relied upon. As to foreign arms I merely give the information as 
the best I can get. 

Subject to the liability — a liability I personally am painfully conscious of — of 
all human work to carry the risk of error, I honestly believe my book may be 
depended upon as to the accuracy of the details of the arms and the statements 
of facts as to whether the arms are or are not recorded. The Scottish and Irish 
ones I speak of with confidence. I searched the registers myself, and, as to the 
Irish Records — some of which are far from being grant books — I had the invaluable 
assistance of Mr G. D. Burtchaell, Athlone Pursuivant of Arms. In Ireland, where 
Visitations were practically never made and where the registers of Ulster's Office 
before the eighteenth century admittedly might be more perfect, there is a tendency 
of thought which admits as proof of the right to arms many things such as draft 
grants and the private papers of dead and gone officers of arms to fill up possible 
gaps. To what extent such evidences are actually proof might be questioned were it 
not the habitual practice of Ulster's Office to stretch the point in their favour. I 
don't think that any Irish coat I have included is likely to be disallowed. In 
Scotland there is a hard and fast line. The Register is the register, and a coat is 
in it, or not in it. There is no half-way house, no matter what may be the value 
of various other records as proof of ancient user entitling a coat to be matriculated, 
and not granted, to win its way into the charmed circle of authorised arms. 

With regard to the records of the College of Arms the position is this. There is 
a proper record by docquet or copy of grant of every coat of arms that has ever been 
granted by Letters Patent. I don't know exactly upon what basis of authority we 
find, as we do, records of most of the ancient impersonal arms in the Visitation Books. 
Most of the ancient City and Town arms which are genuine are to be found there, 
but I am bound to say that frequently the essence of the record seems to be the 
registration of the common seals of the Corporations rather than their arms. 
Where arms are recorded as arms, or where the device of the seal is plainly armorial 
and the tinctures are tricked, there is no difficulty, but there are one or two cases 
concerning which it is difficult to speak with assured certainty. The Visitation Books 
are official records, and a perfect record therein is, of course, conclusive admission of 
right. But there are of some coats of arms contemporary enrolments at the College 
of Arms in books which are neither grant books nor visitation books — books 
which are principally the painstaking work of bygone officers of arms, the records 
their industry created. Some, of course, can be dismissed at once as quite accurate 
but of no validating authority — evidence of user but not evidence of right. But 
there are one or two which cannot be lightly dismissed, and for that reason I would 
like to add the warning that I am not entirely certain as to all of the records, and 
though all of the coats which I state to be " recorded in the College of Arms " are 
so recorded, I cannot in every case in which I use the words guarantee the quality 
and authority and the validity of the particular book in which the record appears. 
Then there are a number of visitation records in which the arms without their 
tinctures are to be found. These are formally, I believe, held to be imperfect 
records. Then take such an example as the record of the arms of the Middle 

vii 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

Temple. At the Visitation of the County of Northampton a family of the name 
of Temple exhibited and claimed the familiar cross and iamb. To that family the 
arms were disallowed, the reason entered in the Visitation Book being, " These be the 
arms of the Hon. Society of the Middle Temple." But there is no proper record of 
these arms to the Middle Temple, or of any of the arms of the Inns of Court, for 
the Inns of Court, not being Corporate Bodies, were not in the seventeenth century 
regarded as competent either to bear arms or receive a grant of arms. More recent 
precedents may have altered this, but in view of the facts, what is the value, as a 
determining factor of right or no right, of that entry in the Visitation of the County 
of Northampton ? I hold it is entirely negligible, but I am bound to add that a 
distinguished officer of arms has expressed to me the contrary opinion. I may 
perhaps add that this uncertainty does not arise as to personal arms. The officers 
of arms had powers of compulsion which they could and did apply to the individuals 
they summoned to attend them at the Visitations. The lists of "disclaimers" show 
how they did their work. I have never seen the name of a Corporate Body in the 
list of " disclaimers," and on that I base my belief in their exemption from compulsory 
appeai'ance. There has, of course, in bygone days quite as much as in modern times, 
been the home-made manufacture of coat-armour, but there has been an additional 
factor in respect of the arms of impersonal corporations. There has always been 
the desire to do honour to and to perpetuate the memory of the founder by the 
adoption of his arms. It is a highly laudable sentiment in the abstract, but in 
operative fact it is illegal. Suppose a School to commemorate its founder, the 

last Earl of X , were to style itself "The Earldom of X ." It would not be 

allowed a vote in the House of Lords. In the same way it would have no right 
to the arms of the Earl, which were probably granted by Patent with as definitely 
specified and as well understood a remainder as was his Peerage. 

But there are scores of Colleges, Schools, and other-institutions which are sinning 
in this way, and as the use of the arms in many such cases goes back for a prolonged 
period, and as practically every such body so circumstanced before the Visitations 
was " allowed " the arms of the founder, I feel practically certain that if one joint 
petition were lodged by all the Schools and Colleges so circumstanced at the moment, 
praying that His Majesty would' be graciously pleased to issue His Royal Licence 
that they might continue to use the arms of their founders, that such a petition would 
be granted. There is, however, the further difficulty — e.g. the case of Harrow School 
— that in some cases the founders themselves had no right at all to the arms 
attributed to them. And I fancy a Royal Licence would hardly be granted in 
such a case as Shrewsbury, where the founder was a king, and the use of the Royal 
Arms would therefore be involved. 

But Dulwich College and Charterhouse are cases in which 1 feel pretty certain 
a Royal Licence would be granted if it were applied for. 

Grants of arms are never made in the ordinary way to Colonies. The arms 
of a Colony or of a self-governing Dominion are assigned by Royal Warrant under 
the Sign Manual of the Sovereign. Though there are certain fees payable upon 
the issue of such a warrant, it is nobody's business to initiate the application 

viii 



PREFACE 

therefor, and these Colonial warrants have been sadly neglected. But another 
factor has been in existence. With that sublime interference with which one 
Government Department encroaches on another the Admiralty has published in 
the official book of authorised flags the devices for the various British territories 
beyond the seas which it considers suitable for use upon the flags of the 
Governors of the different Colonies. Most of these are wrong and usually ap- 
palling. Then in another direction we have the Mint supplying seals with devices 
more or less heraldic, and there has been always the native imagination inventing 
home-made coats of arms which found their way on to the official stationery and 
often even on to the coins and postage stamps. Then we even got to the length of 
the Colonial Office authorising a flag for Australia, which I have always thought 
was the extreme limit. The Royal Warrant assigning arms to any territory ought 
to have preceded the making of its first seal ; but the actual fact was that until a few 
years ago Jamaica, Gibraltar, Nova Scotia, Cape Colony, and Canada were the only 
Colonies which had genuine arms, whereas every Colony used something or other. 

I hope I am not telling secrets when I say that it was no high-browed desire 
for righteousness which initiated the recent reform. As a matter of fact the require- 
ments of the Victoria Memorial in front of Buckingham Palace proved to be the 
operative factor. But I do want to enter my protest against the ghastly enormities 
which have been perpetrated by Royal Warrant under the guise of Colonial arms. 
The great bulk are appalling monstrosities. There is no other way of describing 
them. What could be worse, for instance, than the arms of the Leeward Islands? — 
and these are official. Some of the earlier Colonial arms — Jamaica, Nova Scotia, 
and Newfoundland — are arms to which no exception can be taken. The arms, 
moreover, granted in the reign of Queen Victoria to Canada and its Provinces, 
or to Cape Colony, are quite good. But there has recently been a large number of 
Warrants issued to Colonies. There seems to be about a large proportion a 
uniform level of artistic rottenness which surpasses all previous conception. The 
fault lies with the Colonies, which have insisted on the perpetuation of existing 
devices. 

There are many Towns in the self-governing Dominions which are using bogus 
arms or have no authentic arms ; in fact, the only towns outside the United Kingdom 
to which grants have been made are: — Kingston (Jamaica), Bombay, Calcutta, Cape 
Town, Pretoria, Johannesburg, and Sydney. 

Very few British counties have as yet obtained arms. In England it was held that 
nobody existed in a county competent to bear arms until the formation of the County 
Councils. In most cases the arms of the County Town did duty, but there were cases 
in which separate arms for the county were in use ; Middlese.x, Kent, and Surrey were 
instances. But since the formation of the County Councils several grants have been 
made. West Sussex was the first, Shropshire was the next ; then came Lancashire, 
Middlesex, Norfolk, and Somerset. The London County Council, after a particularly 
iniquitous heraldic career, has at last obtained a grant, no doubt because the 
fees were forthcoming from a private source, as indeed was the case with both 
West Sussex and Shropshire. 

ix 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

In Scotland arms were matriculated in iSoo for "the County of Perth" and in 
1890 "the Council of the County of Berwick." The only other county arms in that 
kingdom are those matriculated in 1889 by the Commissioners of Supply for the 
County of Renfrew. 

There are no county arms in Ireland ; but arms for the four provinces of Ulster, 
Munster, Leinster, and Connaught officially exist, although one is puzzled to know 
to what or to whom they are assigned or by whom they are borne. 

There has never been any objection raised to the granting of arms to Cities 
and Towns of a corporate nature, and at the present time grants are even 
being made to Urban District Councils, Erith and Twickenham being cases 
in point. 

The next category of impersonal arms is to be found in those of the Episcopal 
and Archiepiscopal Sees. These call for little comment. It seems to be well 
established that the pallium stands for the status or rank of Archbishop rather 
than for any area of jurisdiction. Though the different archiepiscopal coats now 
have certain variations and are stereotyped into coats of arms, it is unlikely that 
these variations are in reality any more than former artistic differences of a universal 
type. The arms of the Anglican Episcopal Church Sees in Scotland and Ireland 
lapsed with the disestablishment of those churches, and the Welsh coats will follow 
suit. There would really seem no objection to a continuance of their use if a Royal 
Licence from His Majesty were to be obtained. By the conjunction of various sees 
the marshalling of the various coats would become necessary. With one or two 
exceptions the whole of the British Episcopal arms outside the United Kingdom 
are utterly bogus. A coat of arms is not a necessity, and if the Church desires 
that her Bishops should use impersonal arms upon their seals, it should take steps 
to have these properly called into being. 

It should be noted that the mitre of a Bishop and an Archbishop are the same. 
The Bishop of Durham, and he alone, has the right to encircle the rim of his mitre 
with a coronet. 

The rest of the impersonal arms call for little comment. Any corporate body 
having perpetual succession and a common seal have the right to obtain a grant 
of arms, and certainly arms exist in cases where this qualification is at any rate 
doubtful. Nowadays Schools, Colleges, Universities, Banks, Insurance Offices, and 
Railway Companies, Hospitals, and Charitable Societies are amongst those bodies 
which have obtained grants of arms. 

The arms of the Livery Companies of London and other cities, a large pro- 
portion of which are quite genuine, present in different places a uniformity of motive 
which is puzzling, and at first sight apparently indicative of copying or usurpation. 
The real explanation, however, is to be found in the antecedent devices in general 
use as trade signs. Few have survived to the present day, though the barber's pole 
and the three balls of the pawnbroker are familiar to us all. In the same way the 
three escutcheons of the shield worker and painter were universal throughout Europe, 
and survive in the arms of the Painters and Paynter-Stayners Companies. These 
old trade devices, with more or less modification, have given the basis of design 

X 



PREFACE 

when by incorporation trade bodies have been called into being competent to receive 
grants or confirmations of arms. 

It is a matter of considerable uncertainty what helmet shall be used with an 
impersonal coat of arms. Personally I myself think it is greatly to be regretted 
that any crest has ever been granted to an impersonal coat of arms. Impersonal 
arms originated either in territorial arms of sovereignty, in guild devices, or in flags. 
Putting aside the first-named, which so far as the Sovereign was concerned had 
a personal character, there was neither need, nor use, nor any reason for the 
existence of helmet or crest. None of the ancient impersonal arms had crests, and 
I am afraid it must be admitted that the beginnings of crests for impersonal coats 
lay in the desire of the Kings of Arms to grant them, but behind this desire lay, 
not the endeavour to extract fees, but the necessity of bringing corporations under 
their control, and I am confident that the bulk of these early grants of crests were 
nothing more than the bait to tempt corporations to acknowledge authority and 
record the arms they were using. The grant of the crest created the opportunity of 
recording and confirming the arms. The earliest of such grants date from the fifteenth 
century, a period before rank was denoted by the style and shape of the helmet. I 
know of no rules and can simply state the facts within my knowledge. With regard 
to the arms of Colonies, very few date back to the Stuart period. I have never seen 
a Royal Warrant of this period for the purpose. I very much doubt if an original is 
still in existence, but arms of Colonies which are of ancient origin appear always to 
be represented with the Royal helmet. This, one would imagine, is correct; there is 
certainly no reason why any other helmet should be used. But the majority of 
Colonial arms are quite modern. I can call nothing to mind granted between the 
reign of Charles II. and the reign of Queen Victoria. The modern Colonial warrants 
have no helmet and mantling either painted upon them or recited in the wording of 
the warrant. A number of them certainly have crests, but these are simply placed 
on wreaths above the escutcheon without any intervening helmet or mantling. From 
these facts, the conclusion I draw is, that the correct helmet and mantling for 
a colony should be that of the Sovereign, and I shall adhere to that opinion until 
I come across an actual warrant which uses a different helmet. With regard to the 
arms of counties, it should be remembered that until the passing of the act creating 
County Councils there was no body in any county competent to bear arms or to 
obtain a grant of arms. But in Scotland at any rate a grant had been made to 
" The County of Perth " and to the commissioners of supply for the County of 
Renfrew. These grants I have always doubted the real validity of, but they exist. 
Perth, though it has a crest, was emblazoned without a helmet. Berwick had no 
crest, but Renfrew was emblazoned with the helmet of an esquire. The English 
counties, of course, had no arms, but in one or two cases — for example, Kent and 
Middlesex — arms had by long repute been attributed to counties, but in no case 
was there any reputation of a crest, and so the question of the helmet did not 
arise. After the passing of the County Councils Act the first council in England 
to obtain a grant for the county was West Sussex : that had no crest and con- 
sequently no helmet. The next was Shropshire, which likewise and very 

xi 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

properly was also without a crest; and it would have been well if these two 
precedents had stereotyped the absence of a crest as proper to the arms of 
a county. The next county to obtain a grant was Lancashire, which in the 
pride of its wealth went for arms, crest, and supporters. In this grant the 
helmet was that of an esquire, and this grant for England, and the grant to 
Renfrew for Scotland, have fixed and determined the rule that the proper 
helmet for a county is that of an esquire. I presume it would be the same 
for Ireland, but there is nothing in the nature of arms for a county in the 
kingdom of Ireland. With regard to the arms of cities and towns, for some 
utterly inexplicable reason the right to a knight's helmet is always conceded 
to any Scottish city or town when it matriculates its arms ; but in England the 
helmet for a city or town is always that of an esquire. With regard to other 
corporate bodies who obtain grants of arms, the rule when a crest is granted is 
that the helmet shall be that of an esquire, and this rule nowadays is always 
strictly adhered to ; but many grants in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries — 
for example, to City Livery Companies — were unquestionably emblazoned with 
the helmet of a peer. I should myself have been inclined to regard these as 
examples of the use of helmets before any rules concerning them had been devised, 
were it not that Sir Albert Woods, Garter King of Arms, who, whatever his artistic 
faults, and they were many, was meticulously accurate in these matters of detail, 
certified the arms of the Goldsmiths' Company under a painting which distinctly 
showed the helmet of a peer. This may have been intentional, for a number of 
the mantlings of the arms of these City Companies are lined with ermine. Where 
I have known this to be the case I have noted this in the blazons. No university 
ever had a crest until the grant in 1905 to the University of Leeds, which was 
followed by a similar grant to the University of Wales. The emblazonments of 
these grants, I understand, do not show any helmet or mantling. I think it is a 
thousand pities that the tradition that no university has a crest should be broken 
— universities are amongst the very few grants in which the motto forms a part of 
the grant — but as it has been broken, one can only say that there is no reason 
for supposing that the helmet can be anything but that of an ordinary esquire. 
The only exception to these rules as to the use of helmets lies in the usage by the 
City of London of the helmet of a peer. This is not a usage for which there is a 
trace of official authority, and this point is dealt with under the arms of London. 

The only cities which to my knowledge have ever used a fur cap over the shield 
of arms are London, Dublin, York, and Norwich. Of York I can say nothing 
beyond the fact that in many representations of the arms I have seen the fur cap. 
The arms of Norwich are seldom represented without it, and in Norwich the fur cap, 
which in this case is black, was formerly worn by the Mayor himself. In London the 
fur cap is actually worn by the sword-bearer, and there is nothing to show that it was 
ever worn by the Mayor ; in fact, the evidence is to the contrary. The earliest instance 
in which it is found is a case about the year 1677, where it figures, not over the shield, 
but in a background of miscellaneous municipal insignia. I believe it is there 
intended to indicate the cap of the London apprentice, and I am strongly of opinion, 



PREFACE 

that if we had any certain knowledge, it would, in the case of London, be traceable 
to such an origin ; possibly through a mistaken imitation of the case at Norwich, 
where there would appear to be some real reason and foundation for its use. But 
there is not a trace of any official sanction for the use of such an embellishment by 
any English town. The case of Dublin is rather different. I am not quite sure who 
actually wears the garment there, but the late Ulster King of Arms, Sir Arthur 
Vicars, K.C.V.O., wrote to me that he would have no hesitation in certifying the 
arms of the City of Dublin with this cap, and for that reason it is included, as it is 
used, in the illustration. Whether or not the present Ulster King of Arms holds the 
same view I am quite unaware, but there "certainly is nothing in the way of authority 
at present officially recorded for it. It is worthy of note that none of the cities I 
have mentioned have any crest, consequently there is no reason for helmet or 
mantling to surmount the arms, and the absence of one may account for the 
presence of the other. The City of London, after, even for official purposes, making 
great use for the last hundred years of the fur cap, has now decided to discourage 
its use, and prefer on all occasions its bogus crest. 

Widespread as is the use of the mural crown in connection with municipal arms, 
there was, until a few months ago, no authority whatever for its use in this country. 
Since the seventeenth century and its haphazard granting of personal crests upon 
caps of maintenance and out of coronets passed away, there was until quite recently 
an unwritten law and a rigidly enforced practice that the mural crown should be 
exclusively reserved for grants of crests to officers of the army of the rank of General, 
and for such cases the mural crown has been religiously reserved. On the Continent 
however, it has always been regarded as a regular adjunct of a civic coat of arms, 
some writers even elaborating rules as to the number of turrets and towers to be 
included in the crown according to the rank and character of the town as a Royal 
residence, capital city, fortified town, or otherwise. I doubt if these regulations have 
any real authority, but one does come across them conscientiously asserted, but they 
had no acceptance whatever in England, Scotland, or Ireland, where the rule held 
which I have quoted. This rule, however, has now gone by the board, for Lyon King 
of Arms, in the exercise of his discretion, but which I cannot but think was a very 
unfortunate decision, has matriculated in his register the arms of both Paisley and 
St Andrews, the escutcheon in each case being surmounted by a mural crown. To 
Lyon King of Arms and his fearless refusal to be bound by convention the 
heraldry of to-day owes much, and how much the future only will reveal, but I cannot 
help regretting this decision of his, because it smashes a very cherished privilege of 
army grants. Had Lyon, following the continental practice, introduced the walled 
and turreted crown one meets with in Germany, the matter might have been 
different, but he has matriculated the army crown pure and simple. This bad 
example has now been followed by the College of Arms, for in the grant of arms 
to the London County Council a mural crown is included. In this case it was done 
by Royal Licence. It is to be hoped that Germany will not regard this crown as 
evidence of the fortification of London. 

In the use of supporters with impersonal arms opinion has changed. Supporters 

xiii 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

(but not those now in use) can be found in conjunction with the arms of the City of 
London at a period when it is at any rate doubtful whether heraldic supporters were 
fully established as part of an achievement. Supporters to the arms of the Livery 
Companies are found very earl)', but they were not usual with the arms of cities and 
towns until the seventeenth century. But for a long period an idea held in England, 
and was uniformly acted upon, that supporters were the sign of a city and could not 
be granted to a town of lesser degree. A careful examination of precedents has 
shown that there is no authority or foundation for such a supposed rule, and as far as 
I am aware supporters will now be granted to any impersonal coat of arms on payment 
of the usual fees. They certainly have been granted to some colonies, many cities, 
some towns, some counties, and a large number of institutions and corporate bodies. 
But I do not know of any instance of supporters being granted to an episcopal coat, 
a university, a school, or a railway company. Before leaving supporters a passing 
reference perhaps may be made to the single supporters which occur in the arms of 
the Swiss Cantons, the City of Perth, and the Burgh of Falkirk. The blazon of this 
latter coat, and that of the Royal Warrant to the Bermudas, are rather typical of the 
differing Scottish and English methods of dealing with the same situation. 

With regard to wreaths, one can only say the usual heraldic practices are 
generally adopted, although the City of Chester gives us an example of a wreath and 
mantling each of three colours, and in the cases of one or two of the City Livery 
Companies the colours are exceptional. 

Augmentations in the case of impersonal arms are rare. The arms of London- 
derry and Hereford are instances however, and I cannot but think it would be a 
happy proceeding if the sieges of Ladysmith and of Mafeking were commemorated 
by augmentations. 

The resuscitation in recent years of the old practice of assigning badges and 
standards has in a few cases already spread to impersonal arms. Launceston was 
the first, and Nottingham, Llanelly, and the Port of London Authority have since 
followed suit. 

Probably by far the most important alteration that has taken place since the 
previous edition was published has been the authorisation of arms for Wales, which 
is presumably a consequence of the Royal Warrant declaring the arms of the 
Prince of Wales, which has substituted the arms attributed to Llewellyn, and borne 
by Owen Glendower, for the inescutcheon of Saxony, which most of the descendants 
of the late Prince Consort bear upon their arms. 

In addition to the arms of Colonies which are assigned by Royal Warrant, this 
method of calling arms into being has been followed in the cases of the County of 
Norfolk, the County of London, the City of Cardiff, the Port of London Authority, 
and several others. The reason is usually, if not always, to be found in the desire 
to include the whole or some part of the Royal Arms. 

The years which followed the publication of the original edition of my book 
contributed, muchly to my everlasting amusement, to the showers of abuse which fell 
upon me for calling attention to the bogus character of many impersonal coats 
of arms. Many towns which I then criticised are now pursuing the paths of heraldic 

xiv 



PREFACE 

virtue. But there are still many spurious coats of arms in use, and one cannot help 
wondering whether it might not be possible to put some of these right by private 
initiative. The chairmen of at least two County Councils paid the fees for grants 
of arms to their counties. The old scholars of a famous Scottish School collected 
the cost of a matriculation of arms. The fees on a recent grant to a famous old 
town were raised by private subscription. I know of a number of such cases, and 
would myself cheerfully subscribe to the fees for grants of arms to be made to the 
Boroughs of Much Wenlock, Cardigan, and Carmarthen, and to the Honourable 
Society of Lincoln's Inn, with all of which I have personal associations. Also would 
I subscribe to get the arms matriculated which have been in use by Inveraray and 
New Galloway. I have never been near either place, and don't know that I want 
to go, but the two coats of arms interest me, particularly the alleged Inveraray arms, 
and I want to see what Lyon King of Arms would do with them and what Ulster 
will do with the arms of Waterford. I never had any very high opinion of the 
Society of Antiquaries. But it would really give me pleasure to subscribe to a fund 
to get the Society a genuine coat of arms and bring to a close the scandal of its 
present heraldic criminality. 

There are still several colonies which need Royal Warrants to be issued for 
the assigning of arms to them, and I would like to see arms assigned by warrant to 
Rhodesia, with authority for them to be placed on a monument to the memory of 
Cecil Rhodes, and to be borne by the Rhodes family. India and her Provinces 
have no arms, the City of London will not see the error of her ways ; Newport, 
Swansea, and Carnarvon have all yet to learn righteousness. The Counties and 
the Episcopal Sees are hotbeds of heraldic iniquity. 

In twenty years one's friends and correspondents change, and the list of those 
to whom herein I make my acknowledgments of indebtedness for assistance is a 
different list from the one which figured in my first edition. To those whose names 
I then gave my indebtedness still remains, and is remembered with gratitude for 
the help which then enabled me to call this book into being. 

A. C. FOX-DAVIES 



THE ILLUSTRATIONS 

The illustrations in the present volume are all of them given in conjunction with 
the verbal descriptions. Perhaps it may here be explained also that the attempt 
has been made to illustrate every British coat of arms which is still in use amongst 
those which are included in these pages. But many coats of arms are described 
which are those of corporate bodies long since extinct, and no attempt has been 
made to illustrate those. 

The heraldry of impersonal arms is, of course, the same science of heraldry 
that is described in many text-books, and at the risk of being again accused 
of never losing an opportunity of advertising my own books, let me suggest my 
" Complete Guide to Heraldry " as a text-book which will probably answer most 
requirements of that nature. 

The illustrations, following the prevailing custom, are given in outline only. 
Accompanied as these illustrations are in every case by the verbal blazon, any 
indication of colour on the drawings seems unnecessary. Most of those who will 
refer to this book will know the elementary rules which will enable the blazon to be 
applied to the illustration. 

In fact, little more is necessary than a knowledge of the names of the metals, 
colours, and furs. "Or" is gold, "argent" is silver, "gules" is red, "azure" blue, 
"vert" green, "sable" black, and "purpure" purple. Ermine is white with black 
spots, "ermines" black with white spots. " Erminois" has a gold ground with black 
spots, " pean " is a black ground with gold spots. 

It should always be remembered that the first word applies to the colour of 
the shield. 

A knowledge of the ordinaries is useful, but as a drawing always accompanies 
the blazon this is hardly essential ; but the ordinary rules observed in relation to 
blazon will repay a little attention. 

The word " Blazon " is used with some number of meanings, but practically it 
may be confined to the verb " to blazon," which is to describe in words a given coat 
of arms, and the noun " blazon," which is such a description. 

Care should be taken to differentiate between the employment of the term 
" blazon " and the verb " to emblazon," which latter means to depict in colour. 

It may be here remarked, however, that to illustrate by the use of outline with 
written indications of colour is termed " to trick," and a picture of arms of this 
character is termed " a trick." 

The rules to be employed in blazon are simple, and comparatively few in 
number. 

The commencement of any blazon is of necessity a description of the field, the 

xvii 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

one word signifying its colour being employed if it be a simple field ; or, if it be 
composite, such terms as are necessary. Thus, a coat divided "per pale" or "per 
chevron " is so described, and whilst the Scottish field of this character is officially 
termed " Parted " [per pale, or per chevron], the English equivalent is " Party," 
though this word in English usage is more often omitted than not in the blazon 
which commences " per pale," or " per chevron," as the case may be. 

In a "party" coloured field, that colour or tincture is mentioned first which 
occupies the more important part of the escutcheon. Thus, in a field " per bend," 
" per chevron," or " per fess," the upper portion of the field is first referred to ; in a 
coat " per pale," the dexter side is the more important ; and in a coat " quarterly," 
the tinctures of the ist and 4th quarters are given precedence of the tinctures of the 
2nd and 3rd. The only division upon which there has seemed any uncertainty is 
the curious one "gyronny," but the method employed in this case can very easily be 
recognised by taking the first quarter of the field, and therein considering the field 
as if it were simply " per bend." 

After the field has been described, anything of which the field is sem6 is next 
alluded to, e.g. gules, seme-de-lis or, etc. 

The second thing to be mentioned in the blazon is the principal charge. We 
will consider first those cases in which it is an ordinary. Thus, one would speak of 
" Or, a chevron gules," or, if there be other charges as well as the ordinary, " Azure, 
a bend between two horses' heads or," or, " Gules, a chevron between three roses 
argent." 

The colour of the ordinary is not mentioned until after the charge, if it be the 
same as the latter, but if it be otherwise it must of course be specified, as in the coat : 
" Or, a fess gules between three crescents sable." If the ordinary is charged, the 
charges thereupon, being less important than the charges in the field, are mentioned 
subsequently, as in the coat : " Gules, on a bend argent between two fountains 
proper, a rose gules between two mullets sable." 

The position of the charges need not be specified when they would naturally 
fall into a certain position with regard to the ordinaries. Thus, a chevron between 
three figures of necessity has two in chief and one in base. A bend between two 
figures of necessity has one above and one below. A fess has two above and one 
below. A cross between four has one in each angle. In none of these cases is it 
necessary to state the position. If, however, those positions or numbers do not 
come within the category mentioned, care must be taken to specify what the coat 
exactly is. 

If a bend is accompanied only by one charge, the position of this charge must 
be stated. For example : " Gules, a bend or, in chief a crescent argent." A chevron 
with four figures would be described : " Argent, a chevron between three escallops 
in chief and one in base sable," though it would be equally correct to say : " Argent, 
a chevron between four escallops, three in chief and one in base sable." In the same 
way we should get: "Vert, on a cross or, and in the ist quarter a bezant, an estoile 
sable " ; though, to avoid confusion, this coat would more probably be blazoned : 
" Vert, a cross or, charged with an estoile sable, and in the first quarter a bezant." 

xviii 



THE ILLUSTRATIONS 

This example will indicate the latitude which is permissible if, for the sake of 
avoiding confusion and making a blazon more readily understandable, some deviation 
from the strict formulas would appear to be desirable. 

If there be no ordinary on a shield, the charge which occupies the chief position 
is mentioned first. For example : "Or, a lion rampant sable between three boars' 
heads erased gules, two in chief and one in base." Many people, however, would 
omit any reference to the position of the boars' heads, taking it for granted that, as 
there were only three, they would be 2 and i, which is the normal position of three 
charges in any coat of arms. If, however, the coat of arms had the three boars' 
heads all above the lion, it would then be necessary to blazon it : " Or, a lion rampant 
sable, in chief three boars' heads erased gules." 

• When a field is seme of anything, this is taken to be a part of the field, and not 
a representation of a number of charges. Consequently the arms of Long are 
blazoned : " Sable, seme of cross crosslets, a lion rampant argent." As a matter of 
fact the seme of cross crosslets is always termed crttsilly. 

When charges are placed around the shield in the position they would occupy 
if placed upon a bordure, these charges are said to be " in orle," as in the arms : 
" Quarterly, azure and gules, a lion rampant erminois, within four cross crosslets 
argent, and as many bezants alternately in orle"; though it is equally permissible 
to term charges in such a position " an orle of \e.g. cross crosslets argent and bezants 
alternately]," or so many charges " in orle." 

If an ordinary be engrailed, or invected, this fact is at once stated, the term 
occurring before the colour of the ordinary. Thus : " Argent, on a chevron nebuly 
between three crescents gules, as many roses of the field." When a charge upon an 
ordinary is the same colour as the field, the name of the colour is not repeated, but 
those charges are said to be " of the field." 

It is the constant endeavour, under the recognised system, to avoid the use of 
the name of the same colour a second time in the blazon. Thus : " Quarterly, gules 
and or, a cross counterchanged between in the first quarter a sword erect proper, 
pommel and hilt of the second ; in the second quarter a rose of the first, barbed and 
seeded of the third; in the third quarter a fleur-de-lis azure; and in the fourth 
quarter a mviS}i&t gold" — the use of the term "gold" being alone permissible in such 
a case. 

Any animal , which needs to be described also needs its position to be 
specified. It may be rampant, segreant, passant, statant, or trippant, as the 
case may be. It may also sometimes be necessarj' to specify its position upon 
the shield. 

With the exception of the chief, the quarter, the canton, the flaunch, and the 
bordure, an ordinary or sub-ordinary is always of greater importance, and therefore 
should be mentioned before any other charge ; but in the cases alluded to the remainder 
of the shield is first blazoned, before attention is paid to these figures. Thus we should 
get : " Argent, a chevron between three mullets gules, on a chief of the last three 
crescents of the second " ; or " Sable, a lion rampant between three fleurs-de-lis or, 
on a canton argent a mascle of the field " ; or, "Gules, two chevronels between three 

:(ix 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

mullets pierced or, within a bordure engrailed argent charged with eight roses 
of the field." 

If two ordinaries or sub-ordinaries appear in the same field, certain discretion 
needs to be exercised, but the arms of Fitzwalter, for example, are as follows : " Or 
a fess between two chevrons gules." 

When charges are placed in a series following the direction of any ordinary they 
are said to be " in bend," "in chevron," or " in pale," as the case may be, and not 
only must their position on the shield as regards each other be specified, but 
their individual direction must also be noted. 

A coat of arms in which three spears were placed side by side, but each erect, 
would be blazoned : " Gules, three tilting-spears palewise in fess " ; but if the spears 
were placed horizontally, one above the other, they would be blazoned : " Three 
tilting-spears fesswise in pale," because in the latter case each spear is placed 
fesswise, but the three occupy in relation to each other the position of a pale. Three 
tilting-spears fesswise which were not in pale would be depicted 2 and i. 

When one charge surmounts another, the undermost one is mentioned first. 

In the cases of a cross and of a saltire, the charges when all are alike would 
simply be described as between four objects, though the term "cantonned by " four 
objects is sometimes met with. If the objects are not the same, they will be specified 
as being in the ist, 2nd, or 3rd quarters, if the ordinary be a cross. If it be a saltire, 
it will be found that in Scotland the charges are mentioned as being in chief and base, 
and in the " flanks." In England they would be described as being in pale and in fess 
if the alternative charges are the same ; if not, they would be described as in chief, 
on the dexter side, on the sinister side, and in base. 

When a specified number of charges is immediately followed by the same 
number of charges elsewhere disposed, the number is not repeated, the words "as 
many " being substituted instead. Thus : " Argent, on a chevron between three 
roses gules, as many crescents of the field." When any charge, ordinary, or mark of 
cadency surmounts a single object, that object is termed " debruised " by that 
ordinary. If it surmounts everything, as, for instance, " a bendlet sinister," this 
would be termed "over all." When a coat of arms is "party" coloured in its field 
and the charges are alternately of the same colours transposed, the term counter- 
changed is used. For example, " Party per pale argent and sable, three chevronels 
between as many mullets pierced all counterchanged." In that case the coat is 
divided down the middle, the dexter field being argent, and the sinister sable; the 
charges on the sable being argent, whilst the charges on the argent are sable. 



XX 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
AACHEN. Refer to Aix-Ia-Chapelle. 

AARGAU (Switzerland). Per pale dexter, argent, a fess wavy sable ; sinister, 
azure, three mullets of five points argent. 

ABERAVON (Glamorganshire). Has no arms. "... four lions rampant two 
and two ..." have been attributed to the town, but the editor is not aware of 
the least authority for them, and does not know from what source they have 
been derived. 

ABERCHIRDER (Banffshire). Has no arms. The seal shows a cross patee which 
is said to be azure upon an argent field. 

ABERDEEN, The Council of the County of. Has for ensigns armorial the 
following, viz., Quarterly first azure, three garbs or, for Buchan ; .'^econd azure, 
a bend between six cross crosslets fitchee or, for Mar ; third or, a fesse chequy 
azure and argent between three open crowns gules, for Garioch ; fourth azure 
three boars' heads couped or, for Gordon. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Office the nth day of July 1890.] 

ABERDEEN, The City of. The entry in Lyon Register is as follows :—" The 
Royall Burgh of Aberdein gives for his Ensigncs Armoriall Gules, three towers, 
triple-towered within a double tressure counter-flowered argent supported by 
two leopards proper. The Motto in ane escroll ' Bon-Accord.' And upon the 
reverse of ye Seall of ye said Burgh is insculped In a field azur a Temple 
argent St Nicholas standing in ye porch mytred & Vested proper with his 
dexter hand lifted up to heaven praying over three Children in a boiyling caldron 
of the first and holding in ye sinister a Crosier Or." 

(A pencil note in the margin says, " St. Nicholas : v. original patent by Sir 
C. Erskine, Lyon, in possession of the Corporation of A.") Burke in his 
" General Armory " adds, " The honourable augmentation of the double tressure 
was granted as a recompense for the loyalty of the citizens of Aberdeen, in 
their services against the English." This Grant, dated 25th Feb. 1674, is printed 
in Seton's " Law and Practice of Heraldry in Scotland," p. 511. 

ABERDEEN, University of. See University of Aberdeen. 





COUNTY OF ABERDEEN 



AARGAU 




CITY OF ABERDEEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ABERDEEN, See of. Azure, in the porch of a church St Nicholas in pontificals, 
his right hand raised over three children in a cauldron surrounded by flames, in 
the left hand a pastoral staff, all proper (Woodward). 

[This coat was never matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

ABERDEEN, The Constable of. Argent, a sword and key in saltire gules. 

[These arms, on an escutcheon of pretence, were matriculated in Lyon 
Register, c. 1C72-7, by Forbes of Waterton.] 

ABERDEEN AND ORKNEY, Bishop of. According to Crockford the arms 
in use are per pale, dexter the supposed arms of the See of Aberdeen, sinister 
the arms of the See of Orkney, to which refer. 
[There is no authority for the foregoing.] 

ABERDEEN GRAMMAR SCHOOL (Aberdeen). Has no arms. Those in use 
are : Per pale gules, a castle triple towered ; impaling gules a sword paleways 
proper between three padlocks argent (these being supposed to be the arms of a 
chief benefactor of the School, Dr Patrick Dun, Principal of Marischal College), 
on a chief argent, a saltire azure charged with a book proper. Mottoes — (over 
crest) " Bon record," (under arms) " Ratio confirmatioque doctrinae." 
[Of no authority.] 

ABERDEEN TOWN AND COUNTY BANKING COMPANY. Gules, a 
bezant or, between two towers triple towered argent, masoned sable in chief, and 
a garb of the second in base. Motto (over shield) — " Fide et industria." 
Supporters — (Dexter) a leopard, (sinister) a stag, both proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 3rd Nov. 1863. This Banking Co. is now 
amalgamated with the North of Scotland Co., to which refer.] 

ABERDEEN, Trades Incorporations of. The different Trades incorporations 
of Aberdeen matriculated their arms in Lyon Register in 1682. Refer to 
Bakers, Butchers, Hammermen, Shoemakers, Tailors, Weavers, Wrights and 
Coopers. 

ABERFELDY. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

ABERGAVENNY, Borough of. Gules, a saltire argent, between a rose in chief 
and two fleurs-de-lis in fesse and a portcullis chained in base or. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, upon the trunk of a tree fessewise eradicated and 
sprouting to the dexter proper, a bull passant argent, pied and unguled sable, 
gorged with a collar and chain reflexed over the back and charged on the body 
with two fleurs-de-lis or. Motto — " Hostes nunc amici." 

[Granted 27th March 1901.] 

These arms are obviously based upon the arms, crest and badges of the 
Marquess of Abergavenny. 

4 




ABERDEEN, SEE OF 





ABERDEEN GRAMMAR SCHOOL 



ABERGAVENNY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
ABERNETHY (Fifeshire). Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

ABERSYCHAN (Monmouthshire). Has no armorial bearings; and to its credit 
has not invented any, though the accessories of its landscape design "sail rather 
near the wind." 

ABERYSTWITH (Cardiganshire). Has no arms. The seal represents a castle 
with the legend " Corporation of Aberystwith." Another seal represents 
"... a lion rampant regardant ..." and by some this is stated to be the 
arms of the town. 



ABINGDON (Berkshire). Vert, a cross patonce or, between four crosses pattee 
:nt. 
[Confirmed to the borough at the Visitation of the county in the year 1623.] 



argent. 



ABINGDON SCHOOL. Gules, a griffin segreant argent, between the figures 15 in 
chief and 63 in base. Motto — " Misericordias Domini in aeternum cantabo." 
[Of no authority.] 

ABYSSINIA. Azure, on a mount in base vert, a lion statantguardant and crowned 
or,' holding erect in his dexter paw a crucifi.x of thejast. 

Berry, in his "Encyclopaedia of Heraldry," however, blazons the arms of 
Abyssinia as follows : — 

An a lion rampant gu. holding erect, in his dexter paw, a crucifix or ; in 
chief, a scroll with this motto, " Vivit Leo de Tribu Juda." 

ACADEMY OF THE MUSES, in Covent Garden, London, called "Muses 
Mannerey." Argent, two bars wavy azure, on a chief of the second, a music- 
book open or, between two swords in saltire of the first hilted and pommelled 
of the third. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a Sagittarius in full speed proper, 
shooting with a bow or, and arrow argent. Supporters — (Dexter) a merman 
with two tails both proper, (sinister) a satyr proper. Motto — " Nihil inviata 
Minerva." 

[Granted by Borough, Garter.] 



^Wt-^TH 



^ 



12^ 




^ 



ABINGDON (BERKSHIRE) 




ABINGDON SCHOOL 




ABYSSINIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ACADEMY, Royal Irish. Argent within a wreath of three laurel branches 
slipped proper, on an escutcheon of pretence azure the ancient Harp of Ireland 
or. Crest — The Georgian Sidus argent charged with a cross gules issuing from 
an Ancient Crown or. Supporters and motto as next grant. 

[Granted by Wm. Hawkins, Ulster King of Arms, April 1 1, 17S6. Cancelled, 
and a new coat with same crest differently described and same supporters and 
motto regranted as under.] 

ACADEMY, Royal Irish. Argent, a saltire gules, charged with the imperial crown 
of England proper. Crest — Out of a pointed or Irish crown or, an etoile of 
eight points argent, charged with a cross gules. Supporters — On the dexter 
a female figure representing Liberty, holding in her right hand a wand, thereon 
a cap gules, on the sinister a figure of Minerva, holding in her right a lance, 
and in the left a scroll. Motto — " We will endeavour." 

[Granted 9th May 1840, by Sir William Betham, Ulster King of Arms.] 

ACCOUNTANTS. Refer to Incorporated Accountants and to Bury, Accountants' 
Institute of. 

ACCOUNTANTS, Institute of Chartered (in England and Wales). Argent, 
on a mount in base, in front of a rudder in bend sinister, a female figure proper 
representing " Economy," habited gules, mantled azure, about the temples a 
wreath of olive, in the dexter hand a rod, and in the sinister a pair of compasses 
also proper ; a chief of the second thereon a balance suspended also or. Motto 
— " Recte numerare." 

[Granted 22nd Jan. 1881.] 

ACCOUNTANTS OF AUSTRALIA, Corporation of. Argent, two pens in saltire, 
surmounted by an open book proper, on a chief arched per pale azure and sable 
to the dexter a rising sun issuing from a bank of clouds also proper, to the 
sinister five stars or representing the constellation of the Southern Cross. Crest 
— On a wreath of the colours, an antique ink-horn, the lid raised proper. Motto 
— " Nee timens nee favens." 

[Granted, College of Arms, October 30, 1905.] 

ACCRA, See of. Or, issuant from the base a palm tree between on the dexter side 
the letters I.H.S. and on the sinister a mitre; on a chief sable, three ducal 
coronets. 

[Of no authority.] 




ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY 




INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS 




ACCOUNTANTS OF AUSTRALIA 




ACCRA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ACCRINGTON (Lancashire). Gules, on a fesse argent, a shuttle fessewise proper 
in base two printing cylinders, issuant therefrom a piece of calico (parsley 
pattern) also proper, on a chief per pale or and vert, a lion rampant purpure, 
and a stag current or ; and for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an oak 
branch bent from the sinister chevronwise, sprouting and leaved proper, fructed 
or ; with the Motto, " Industry and prudence conquer." 

[Granted August 26, 1879, by Sir Albert William Woods, Garter Principal 
King of Arms, Robert Laurie, Clarenceux King of Arms, and Walter Aston 
Blount, Norroy King of Arms.] 

ACHONRY. Refer to Tuam, Killala and Achonry, Bishop of 

ADELAIDE, See of (Australia). Argent, on a cross between four estoiles gules, 
a mitre enfiling a pastoral staff in pale or. 
[Of no authority.] 

ADMIRALTY OFFICE. Has no arms. The seal of the Office is an anchor in 
pale with a cable passing from the ring and environing the stock and fluke. 
Legend — " Sigil. offi. admiral Magna Britan." 

The foregoing device, painted gold on a blue field, has often been supposed 
to be the arms of the Admiralty. The flag of the Admiralty or the Lord High 
Admiral is red with an anchor fesseways, the beam to the hoist and with a 
cable passing through the ring and environing the stock and fluke. 

ADVENTURERS. Refer to "Bristol Merchant Adventurers," to "Miners' 
Royal," and to " Mine Adventurers," and see under. 

ADVENTURERS, New, or French Merchants. Barry wavy of six argent and 
azure, a chief quarterly gules and or, in the first and fourth, a lion passant 
guardant of the last, in the second and third two roses gules, seeded or, barbed 
vert ; over all on an inescutcheon azure, a sceptre in pale or. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, two anchors in saltire and a sceptre in pale all or. 
Srifporters — Two pegasi argent, with wings indorsed or, maned and hoofed of 
the last. Motto — " Reddite cuique suum." 

[These arms were granted 13th November 1616 by Sir William Segar, 
Garter, and William Camden, Clarenceux.] 

ADVENTURERS, Merchant, or Hambrough Merchants. (This Society was 
incorporated 24 Edw. I., 1296, and obtained ample privileges, and a confirmation 
of their charter from Queen Elizabeth.) Barry nebulae of six argent and 
azure, a chief quarterly gules and or, in the first and fourth quarters a lion 
passant guardant of the fourth, in the second and third two roses gules barbed 
vert. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a pegasus current with wings indorsed 
argent. Supporters — Two pegasi with wings indorsed argent, each charged on 
the wing with three roses in pale gules. Motto — " Dieu nous adventure donne 
bonne." 




ACCRINGTON 




ADELAIDE, SEE OF (AUSTRALIA) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ADVOCATES, Dean and Faculty of (Scotland). Gules, a balance or, and a sword 
argent hilted and pommelled of the second placed saltirewise, surmounted of an 
escutcheon also of the second, charged with a lion rampant, within a double 
treasure flory, counterflory of the first. In an escroll above the shield is inscribed 
this motto, " Suum cuique," and surrounding the whole achievement is a belt 
azure, buckled and edged or, having thereon these words, " Sigillum facultatis 
juridicse." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 6th Feb. 1856.] 

AFRICA. Refer to Union of South Africa and British West Africa and East 
Africa Protectorate ; and see also British South Africa Company, Cape Colony, 
Natal, Transvaal, Orange River Colony, Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria ; 
Scotland, Company of, trading to Africa and the Indies ; and see Central Africa, 
See of; and East Equatorial Africa, See of. 

AFRICAN COMPANY, The Royal. (Incorporated 20th January 1662.) Or, an 
elephant azure, on his back a quadrangular castle argent, masoned proper ; on 
the sinister tower a flag-staff and banner gules, on the dexter corner of the 
banner a canton argent, charged with a cross gules, on the dexter corner of the 
escutcheon a canton quarterly of France and England. Crest — On a ducal 
coronet or, an anchor erect sable, cabled of the first between two dragons' wings 
expanded argent, each charged with a cross gules. Supporters — Two African 
blacks proper, vested round the waist with a skirt argent, pearls in their ears 
and round their necks, banded round the temples or, thereon feathers erect of 
various Colours, each holding in his exterior hand an arrow or, barbed and 
flighted argent. Motto — " Regio floret patrocinio commercium commercioque 
regnum." 

[Not recorded.] 

AGHADOR. Refer to Limerick, Ardfert and Aghador, Bishop of 

AGRAM (Hungary). Azure, behind an embattled wall argent, a mound proper, 
thereon a triple-towered castle in perspective, also argent between flowers on 
either side. 

AIRDRIE (Lanarkshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Those 
used are for arms, argent, an eagle displayed with two heads sable, in chief a 
crescent . . . between two mullets pierced. Crest — A cock proper. Motto — 
" Vigilantibus." These arms are taken from those of Aitchison. 

AIX-LA-CHAPELLE (Germany). Argent, an eagle displayed sable. 



12 





DEAN AND FACULTY OF ADVOCATES 



AGRAM 





AIX-LA-CHAPELLE 



AIRDRIE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ALAMODES, RENFORCE AND LUTESTRINGS, Patentees for the Making 
and Dressing of. Refer to Patentees. 

ALBAN HALL, Oxford. Has no arms. 

ALBANIA. The arms adopted by the newly-elected Sovereign were a double-headed 
eagle displayed sable, holding in each claw a thunderbolt and charged upon the 
breast with an escutcheon argent, thereon a peacock in his pride proper within 
a bordure compony sable (} gules) and argent. Motto — " Fidelitate et veritate." 

ALBANS, ST See St Albans. 

ALBERTA, Province of, Dominion of Canada. Azure, in front of a range of 
snow mountains proper, a range of hills vert, in base a wheatfield surmounted by 
a prairie both also proper, on a chief argent, a St George's Cross. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 30th May 1907.] 

ALDEBURGH (Suffolk). Has no armorial bearings ; but William Hervey, 
Clarenceu.x King of Arms, granted October 20, 1561, to the corporation for a 
seal the following, namely, A ship of three masts in full sail on the waves 
of the sea, the mainsail charged with a lion rampant. 

ALDERNEY. Refer to Channel Islands. The device published by the Admiralty 
is vert, a lion rampant or, crowned gules, holding in his dexter paw a sprig of 
oak proper. 

ALDERSHOT (Hampshire). Has no armorial bearings. The arms attributed to 
it are, azure, an alder-tree eradicated proper, on a chief gules, three heaps of shot. 
It is a bogus coat, and very bad heraldry, but a very good pun. 

ALESSANDRIA (Italy). Argent, a cross gules. 

ALGOMA, See of (Canada). Azure, a pastoral staff and key in saltire or, sur- 
mounted in the fesse point by an open book between in chief an Imperial 
crown and in base a sprig of maple of three leaves proper. 
• [Of no authority.] 



14 





ALBERTA 



ALDERSHOT 




ALESSANDRIA 




ALGOMA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ALL SOULS COLLEGE (The College of the Souls of Faithful People de- 
ceased) (Oxford). (Founded, 1437, by Henry Chicheley, Archbishop of 
Canterbury.) Or, a chevron between three cinquefoils gules. 
[Recorded in College of Arms, Visitation of O.xford, 1574.] 

ALLOA, Burgh of (Clackmannanshire). Argent, on the waves of the sea, an 
ancient galley sable, in full sail, the sail charged with the arms of the Earls 
of Mar and Kellie, pennon gules, flag of the field charged with a pale of the 
second, on a chief vert, in the dexter a garland, the dexter half hops, the 
sinister barley all or, and in the sinister a golden fleece. Mantling — Sable, 
doubled argent. Crest — On a wreath of their liveries, a griffin gules, winged, 
armed and beaked or, langued azure, and on an escroll over the same this 
motto — " In the forefront." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, nth June 1902. The fees were defrayed 
by the Earl of Mar and Kellie as a commemoration of the coronation of King 
Edward VII.] 

ALMSHOUSES. Refer to Sekford's Almshouses. 

ALNWICK (Northumberland). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the 
County Council of Northumberland (118) displays as the arms of Alnwick, St 
Michael overcoming the dragon. The shield of St Michael is charged with a 
cross clechee instead of the ordinary cross similar to that of St George. 

ALSACE. Refer to Strasburg, Bishopric of 

ALSACE-LORRAINE (Germany). An eagle displayed sable, beaked and legged 
gules surmounted by the Imperial crown, on its breast an escutcheon surmounted 
by a Royal crown and per pale, the dexter side per fesse ; in chief gules a bend 
between six crowns or; in base gules a bend flory, counter-flory argent; the 
sinister side or, on a bend gules, three alerions argent. 

ALTONA (Prussia). Gules, issuant from waves of the sea in base a battlementcd 
gateway, the porte ouverte, surmounted by three towers. 



16 




ALL SOULS COLLEGE 




ALLOA 





ALTONA 



ALSACE-LORRAINE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ALTRINCHAM (or Altringham, Cheshire). Has no armorial beai 
used are, quarterly gules and or, in the first quarter a lion pass. 
The editor suggests that these are the arms of the Cheshire family l 
Motto — "Pax et abundantia." 

ALVA. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

ALYTH (Co. Forfar). Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

AMERICA, United States of. Arms (on the seal of the United States), an eagle 
displayed, in the dexter claw an olive branch, and in the sinister a sheaf of three 
arrows, the points upwards, all proper, from the beak a scroll, or ribbon, thereon 
" E plurilms uimm " : above the head, encircled by clouds, also proper, the azure 
sky and glory, with as many mullets, or stars, of six points argent as there are 
States : on the body of the eagle a shield paly of thirteen (in allusion to the 
thirteen first United States) argent and gules, a chief azure. 

[The stars and stripes were suggested by the arms of George Washington. 
The arms as above quoted exist by original legislative enactment, and the glory 

JjN^OTigjnally opnsisted of thiflteen stars. Though additional States have from time 
to time been admitted to the Union there has been no further legislative action, 

V. and consequently there is no real authority for any increase in the number of 
stars The stars, however, are now more usually omitted from about the lisad of 
'.:he Eagle, a;)J represented to the number of over forty on the chief, whi' 'ike 
mo'^t othei /'uneiiran heraldry, is absurd. According to the latest bullf .lere 
are now foiiy-eight in six rows each of eight stars.] 

'AMERICAN COLOi^ftAL A3rX'CIATI0N, North. Refer to North Amerie/in 

: Colonial Association. 

— ■> 

j\MERICAN LAND CO. Rcl.r to British American Land Co. 

AMICABLE SOCIETY. (Incoip.-rated by Royal Charter of Queen Anne, 1706.) 
Azure, encircled by a snake the tail in the mouth or, two hands conjoined in 
fesse couped above the wrists proper, on a chief embattled of the second an hour 
glass sable between two wings expanded of the field. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a snake nowed, the head towards the sinister, thereon a dove propc, from 
the beak an escroU with the motto " Prudens Simplicitas." Motto — Ben«ah the 
arms, " Esto perpetua." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms, Gts. xxiv. 335. J 

AMIENS (France). Gules, a tree eradicated and leaved argent, a chief a^ure, 
seme-de-lis or. 



18 




UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 









AMIENS 



ALTRINCHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

AMSTERDAM (Holland). Gules, on a pale sable, three saltires couped argent. 
Supporters — Two lions guardant or. 

Since 1508 the shield has been surmounted by the Roman German 
Imperial Crown, in accordance with the Patent granted by Maximilian I., 
February 11, 1489. 

ANCONA (Italy). Gules, on a mount in base vert, a chevalier at full speed armed 
cap-a-pie, brandishing in his dexter hand a sword all proper, on a chief azure, 
three fleurs-de-lis or, separated by the files of a label of four points gules. 

ANDORRA, Republic of. Quarterly, i, argent, a mitre or ; 2, or, three pallets gules ; 
3, gules, a crosier argent, the head or ; 4, or, two bulls passant in pale gules, 
collared and belled argent. 



20 




AMSTERDAM 





Lie ) 



ANCONA 



ANDORRA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ANDOVER (Hampshire). Has no armorial bearings. Its seal, recorded in the 
College of Arms, represents upon a mount a lion statant guardant, in front 
of a tree. The legend is"Sigill. commvne ville de Andever," and this is all that 
appears to be claimed for the said town in Debrett's " House of Commons," but 
Burke's " General Armory" quotes it as a coat-of-arms, namely, "Ar. on amount 
vert a lion statant guard, gu. against a tree ppr." 

ANDREWS, ST. See St Andrews. 

ANDREWS, ST, University of. See University of St Andrews. 

ANGERS (France). Gules, a key in pale wards upwards and to the sinister 
argent, on a chief azure, two mullets of five points or. 

ANGLESEY, County of. Has no armorial bearings, but the seal of the County 
Council exhibits the following : — Gules, a chevron between three lions rampant 
or. Motto — "Mon mam Cymru." The arms are quoted in Burke's " General 
Armory " as those of Awfa ap Cynddelw, Founder of the I Noble Tribe. The 
legend upon the seal is " Cynghor Sirol Mon, 1889." 

ANGLIA, East. Refer to East Anglia. 

ANHALT, Duchy of. Per pale, argent an eagle displayed gules armed or, 
dimidiated with the arms of Saxony. Supporters — Two bears regardant sable 
crowned and collared or. Motto — " Fuerchte Gott und befolge seine befehle." 

[The arms are usually borne upon a coat of numerous quarterings, as shown 
in the illustration.] 





ANDOVER 



ANGERS 




ANGLESEY 




ANHALT 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ANNAN (County of Dumfries). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal shows an escutcheon charged with a saltire within a bordure. These 
arms are described in the catalogue of the Heraldic Exhibition in Edinburgh as . 
the arms of Annandale. The arms of Annand, Lord of Annandale, are quoted 
in Burke's " General Armory," " Ar. a saltire and a chief gu.," but the arms 
of Johnstone, Marquess of Annandale, a title dormant since 1792, and now 
claimed b}' Johnstone of Westerhall, are quoted, " ar. a saltire sa. on a chief 
gu. three cushions or." The seal shows no tinctures, so it appears to be 
doubtful what they actually are. 

ANSTRUTHER-EASTER (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial 
bearings. The seal represents an anchor with the legend " Virtute resparve 
crescvnt Anstrvther Easter." 

ANSTRUTHER-WESTER (Fifeshire). Has not marticulated any armorial 
bearings. The seal represents three fishes interlaced in a triangle with the 
legend " Anstrvther Vaster." 

ANTIGUA. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

ANTIGUA, See of Argent, a passion cross gules, on the dexter side a serpent 
erect and wavy vert, looking towards the sinister ; and on the sinister side a 
dove holding in the beak an olive branch all proper ; on a chief of the second 
a crosier in bend dexter surmounting a key in bend sinister, the ward upwards 
or, and in the centre chief point an imperial crown, also proper. 
[Granted College of Arms, 2lst Sept. 1S42.] 

ANTIQUARIES, Society of (London). Has no armorial bearings, and most im- 
properly makes use of the following — " Argent, on a cross gules, the Royal 
crown or." Crest — An Antique Roman lamp or. Motto — " Non extinguetur." 

[These arms were granted as a quartering of augmentation in 1649 by King 
Charles II. to his secretary, Sir Edward Nicholas, and one would have imagined 
a supposedly antiquarian society would have kept its hands off such an 
honourable coat.] 

ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND, Society of Azure, the cross of St Andrew 
argent, between an imperial crown in chief and a thistle in base both proper, 
all within a double tressure flory counterflory or. 
" [Matriculated in Lyon Register, r/th Nov. 1827.] 

ANTRIM, County of. Has no arms. 

ANTWERP (Belgium). Gules, a castle of three towers domed in perspective, in 
chief a dexter and a sinister hand couped at the wrist proper. 



24 




ANNAN 




ANTIGUA, SEE OF 





UBLI 



H^ ' 



S^ 



ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND 



ANTWERP 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
ANVERS. Refer to Antwerp. 

APOTHECARIES. The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 6th 
December 1617.) Azure, Apollo with his head radiant, holding in his left hand 
a bow, in his right an arrow all or, supplanting a serpent argent. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a rhinoceros statant proper. Supporters — Two unicorns 
or, armed, crined and hoofed argent. 

[The arms and crest were confirmed by Camden, Clarenceux, in 161 7.] 

APPENZELL, Canton (Switzerland). Argent, a bear rampant sable, armed gules. 
Supporter — Behind the shield a bear in full aspect gules, from his mouth smoke 
issuing proper. 

APPLEBY (Westmorland). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the corpora- 
tion at present in use, copied from the obverse of the ancient seal, represents an 
apple-tree overspreading the field and surmounted by an escutcheon, thereon 
three lions passant guardant in pale, with the legend " Sigiliuni communitatis 
burgii de Appilbi," and a representation of this is all that is given in Debrett's 
"House of Commons." Burke's "General Armory" quotes " Az. three lions 
pass, guard, in pale or, ducally crowned of the last." But as they are 
supplied to me by the Town Clerk of the borough, and as they are used, the 
arms appear to be gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or, crowned with 
ducal coronets of the last. Crest — On a ducal coronet, a salamander in flames 
of fire all proper. Supporters — On either side, a dragon with wings inverted 
gules. Motto — " Nee ferro nee igni." 

Dugdale's visitation in 1665 simply gives drawings of the seals, and does 
not credit the town with any arms. 

Berry, who simply gives as arms, " azure three lions passant guardant in 
pale or, crowned with ducal coronets of the last," gives the following note : — 
" These arms are engraved on the corporation seal, round which is this legend, 
' Sigillum communitatis burgii de Appilbi.' On the reverse is the figure of St 
Laurence laid on a gridiron, placed over a fire, and at each end thereof are 
figures not to be perfectly defined ; above them, near to the dexter side, is a 
banner with the arms of the borough, and below them three estoiles ; and near 
to the sinister is an angel, holding a cope to receive the soul of the saint. Round 
the reverse is this legend, ' Hie jacet Laurentius in craticula positus.' This 
identical seal was given to the burghers of Appleby by King John, whose 
original charter is still preserved in the town chest. The parochial church is 
dedicated to St Laurence, and a fair is annually kept within the borough on St 
Laurence's Day. .\ tradition prevails in the borough that the lions in the arms 
were crowned with ducal crowns in memory of some signal service performed by 
the burghers against the Scots." 



26 




APOTHECARIES' COMPANY 




APPENZELL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ARBROATH, Royal Burgh of (Forfarshire). (Anciently called Aberbrotheck or 
Aberbrothock.) Gules, a portcullis with chains pendent or, and in an escroU 
over the same this motto — "Propter Libertatem." Supporters — (Dexter) St 
Thomas a Becket in his archiepiscopal robes all proper, (sinister) a Baron of 
Scotland armed cap-a-pie holding in his exterior hand the letter from the Con- 
vention of the Scottish Estates, held at Arbroath in the year 1320, addressed to 
Pope John XXII., all proper. 

[Arms matriculated in Lyon Register, and supporters granted 12th January 
1900. Patent printed iti extcnso in the Genealogical Magazine, July 1900, Vol. 
iv., p. 107.] 

ARCH-TREASURER OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE. The Kings of 
England from George I. to William IV. bore upon an inescutcheon over the arms 
of Hanover, "Gules, a representation of the Crown of Charlemagne," as 
indicative of their Office. 

ARCHERS, The Royal Company of, The King's Body-Guard for Scotland. 

Vert, three arrows proper, barbed and feathered argent, one in pale and two in 
saltire, surmounted of an escutcheon or, charged with a lion rampant within a 
double tressure flory, counterflory of fleurs-de-lys gules, and ensigned with an 
Imperial crown proper. Supporters — Two archers with bows in their exterior 
hands, that on the dexter in the uniform of the Company in the year 1716, that 
on the sinister in that of the year 18 16, and in an escrol over the shield this 
motto, "Arcii atque animo." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register.] 



28 







ARBROATH 




ROYAL ARCHERS, KING'S BODY-GUARD FOR SCOTLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ARDAGH, See of. Or, a cross gules, in each quarter a trefoil slipped vert, on a 
chief sable a key erect of the first. 

[These arms are recorded in Ulster's Office, but by the disestablishment of 
the Irish Church are now extinct.] 

ARDAGH. Refer to Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh, Bishop of. 

ARDFERT Refer to Limerick, Ardfert, and Aghado, Bishop of. 

ARDROSSAN (Ayrshire). Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

ARENSBERG. Refer to Cologne, Elector of 

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC. ^^^ Per fesse azure and argent, from the dexter and 
sinister sides, an arm issuant fesseways, the hands clasped and grasping a staff 
in pale proper, thereon the cap of Liberty gules. 

ARGYLL, County of Has no arms. 

ARGYLL, Dukes of. Behind the escutcheon are borne in saltire, viz., in bend 
dexter a baton gules powdered with thistles or, ensigned with an Imperial 
crown proper, thereon the crest of Scotland (for the office of Hereditary Great 
Master of the Household in Scotland), in bend sinister a sword proper, hilt 
and pommel or (for the office of Justice-General of Argyllshire). 

ARGYLL, See of. Azure, two croziers in saltire, and in chief a mitre or. 

[These arms were matriculated in Lyon Register, c. 1672-7, and again c. 
1680-7, and are still in use, but by the disestablishment of the Episcopal Church 
in Scotland they are really extinct, and their present use is improper.] 

ARGYLL AND THE ISLES, Bishop of. According to Crockford the arms 
in use are Quarterly : i and 4, the arms of the See of Argyll (to which refer) ; 
2 and 3, the arms of the See of the Isles (to which refer). 
[There is no authority for such usage.] 

ARMAGH, County of Has no arms. 

ARMAGH, City of Has no arms. Debrett's " House of Commons" gives an 
illustration of a seal showing a harp or on a field azure, with the legend, "The 
Seal of the bvrgh of Armagh." On a sheet of Irish armorial bearings published 
by Marcus Ward & Co., arms are given, namely, "Azure, a harp or." 



3° 




t 


1 


n(C"^^y^< 


m~~ 



ARGENTINE REPUBLIC 



ARDAGH, SEE OF 




ARMAGH, CITY OF 




ARGYLL AND THE ISLES, BISHOP OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ARMAGH, Archbishopric of. Azure, an episcopal staff ensigned with a cross 
patee or, surmounted by a pall argent, edged and fringed gold, charged with 
four crosses formee-fitchee sable. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct, and its use is 
illegal.] 

ARMAGH ROYAL SCHOOL uses the Royal Arms of George 1. 

ARMED ASSOCIATION OF OTLEY. Refer to Otley Association. 

ARMOUR-BEARER TO THE KING IN SCOTLAND, The Heritable. 

Behind the siiield two spears in saltire bearing on their points a 
Royal Helmet and a shield charged with the Royal Arms of Scotland all 
proper, " as the badge of the office of Heritable Armour-Bearer to the King." 

[The arms of Smith, alias Seton, of Touch were so matriculated in Lyon 
Office, 1 77 1. But the office has passed to the family of Steuart of Allanton, 
and at their matriculation of arms, in 1815, a spear and helmet were added 
as charges upon their shield. 

ARMOURERS, Worshipful Company of ( London). (Incorporated 8th May 1453. 
United with the Braziers' Company, 17th June 1708.) Argent, on a chevron 
sable, a gauntlet of the first, between two pairs of swords in saltire of the last, 
hilts and pomels or, on a chief of the second, an oval shield of the field charged 
with a cross gules between two helmets proper, garnished or. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a demi-man of arms armed argent, open-faced, purfled or, 
holding in the hand a mace of war. Mantled gules, doubled argent. 

[Granted by Hawley, Clarenceux, 15th October 1556. See Catalogue of 
Heraldic Exhibition.] 

ARMOURERS AND BRASIERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (The 
two Companies were united by Charter, 17th June 1708.) The Arms are those 
of the two Companies impaled, usually displayed on separate escutcheons, the 
dexter the Armourers' (to which refer), the sinister the Braziers', viz., azure, on a 
chevron or between two ewers {i.e. beakers) in chief and a fleshpot in base or, 
three roses gules, barbed vert, seeded or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a 
demi-man in armour, couped at the middle of the thighs all proper, garnished 
or, the beaver up, on his head a plume of three feathers, two argent and one 
gules, round his waist a sash of the last, fringed of the second, holding in his 
dexter hand a mace of war. Supporters — Two men in complete armour all 
proper, the dexter of the first garnished or, the sinister all of the last, on their 
heads plumes of feathers, round their waists a sash, and each holding in his 
exterior hand a sword proper. Motto — " We are one." 

[Arms of the United Company granted 28th February 1709.] 
(The ewers in chief in the Braziers' arms have each one handle, which is 
turned to the sides of the escutcheon.) 

32 




ARMAGH, ARCHBISHOPRIC OF 



^«Hi5II125h 




ARMOURERS AND BRASIERS COMPANY 



THE BOCK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ARMS. See College of Arms, Lyon Court, Ulster's Office, Kings of Arms, Heralds 
of Arms, Pursuivants of Arms ; and see Gentlemen-at-Arms. 

ARMSTRONG COLLEGE (Newcastle-upon-Tyne). Argent, a cross pat6e, 
quadrat in the centre gules, on a chief of the last three towers of the first, all 
within a bordure compony of the second and or, upon a canton the arms of 
Baron Armstrong. Crest — A tower, thereon a beacon fired all proper. Motto — 
" Mens agitat molem." 

[Granted, College of Arms, March 24, 1906. The arms of Lord Armstrong 
were "gules, a tilting spear fessewise or, headed argent between two dexter 
arms embowed in armour, couped at the shoulders fessewise proper, hands 
extended of the last."] 

ARNHEIM (Holland). Azure, an eagle displayed with two heads argent, armed or. 

ARRAGON. Or, four pallet gules. 

ARTILLERY COMPANY, The Honourable (London). Argent, a cross gules 
(being that of St George) charged with a lion passant guardant or (being part 
of the Royal Arms of England), on a chief azure, a portcullis of the third 
between two ostrich feathers erect of the field. Crest— Qx\ a wreath of the 
colours, a dexter arm embowed in armour, the gauntlet grasping a pike in bend 
sinister or between two dragon's wings argent, each charged with a cross gules. 
Supporters — On the dexter side a pikeman armed and accoutred, supporting 
with the exterior hand a pike erect proper, and on the sinister side a musketeer, 
with his matchlock, bandolier, and rest all proper. Motto — " Arma pacis fulcra." 
[Recorded in the Heralds' College. Exemplified 1821. Whilst the fore- 
going is the official blazon of the supporters, the following description is 
perhaps a better guide to the artist. Siipporters — Dexter, a man proper, his 
head and body in armour, his arms habited in buff, breeches gules, stockings 
argent, shoes proper, holding in his exterior hand a pike. Sinister, a man proper 
habited as the dexter, except the armour on the body, this having a coat of buff 
proper over his left shoulder, and under his right arm a belt strung with cartouches 
gules, in his sinister hand a musket erect, a resting staff and match-rope, and at 
his side a scimitar, all proper. The Supporters are habited as in the time of 
King Charles I., the dexter as a regular soldier, the sinister as a militia-man of 
the city.] 

ARTILLERY YARD. Gules, two lances in saltire or, on a chief vert, a cannon 
fessewise or. 

[Of no authority.] 



34 





ARMSTRONG COLLEGE 



ARNHEIM 




HON ARTILLERY COMPANY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ARUNDEL (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a swallow 
volant. (Evidently a pun upon the word "hirondelle, Anglice, swallow.") 
Legend, " Sigillum burginsim de Arundel." Burke's " General Armory " gives 
this as a coat-of-arms, namely " Ar. a swallow volant in bend sinister sable." 

ASAPH, ST. See St Asaph. 

ASCENSION. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Ascension. 

ASHBURTON (Devonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
upon a mount a chapel with a spire between a branch of teazle on the dexter 
side, and a saltire couped on the sinister side, in the dexter chief a sun in 
splendour, and in the sinister chief a crescent : with the legend " Sigillvm 
Bvrgi de Aysheberton." This has been quoted to the editor as a coat-of- 
arms, the following colours being assigned : — The field azure, the mount vert, 
the chapel, sun, crescent, and saltire argent, the teazle proper, with the motto, 
" Fides probata coronat." The saltire is allusive of St Andrew, the patron 
saint of the Parish Church. The sun and moon are supposed to be old 
Phoenician symbols, and are therefore used to indicate the Stannary rights ; 
the teazle calls attention to the woollen industry, and the chapel represents 
that of St Lawrence, which was the Guild Chantry, built by Bishop Stapeldon, 
1 3 14, and given to the Portreeve and Burgesses. 

ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings. Those 
used are taken from the family of Ashton or Assheton, and are argent, a mullet 
pierced sable, in the dexter chief a crescent gules. Crest — On a mural coronet 
proper, a griffin's head erased gules, gorged with a ducal coronet or. Motto — 
" Labor omnia vincit." 

ASSURANCE COMPANIES. Refer to Edinburgh Life Assurance Company' 
Metropolitan Life Assurance Society, Pearl Life Assurance Company, Prudential 
Assurance Company, and Royal Exchange Assurance Company. 

ASTON MANOR, Borough of (Warwickshire). Quarterly azure and or, a cross 
moline between three crosses patee fitchee in the first and fourth quarters, and 
two lions passant in the second and third, all counterchanged. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, within an annulet or, a squirrel sejant cracking a nut 
proper. Motto — " E.xaltavit humiles." 

[Granted, College of Arms, March 22, 1904.] 

ASTRACHAN (Russia). Azure, a seax in base fesseways point to the dexter, in 
chief the Russian Imperial crown all proper. 



36 




ARUNDEL 




ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE 





ASTRACHAN 



ASTON MANOR 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ATHABASCA, See of (Canada). Or, a tuft of rushes between three sykes proper, 
on a chief wavy azure, a dove volant argent, holding in its beak an olive- 
sprig vert. 

[Of no authority.] 

ATHENRY (Co. Galway). Has no armorial bearings. Lewis's "Topographical 
Dictionary " represents, upon an escutcheon an embattled gateway, and from 
the battlements rising three towers domed. This design is presumably taken 
from the seal. 

ATHENS (Greece). Argent, the head of Athene in a helmet and couped at 
the neck. 

ATHERTON (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings. Those attributed to it 
are the arms of the family of Powys, namely, or, a lion's gamb erased in bend 
dexter between two cross crosslets fitchee gules ; and upon an escutcheon of 
pretence the arms of the family of Atherton of Atherton, namely, gules, three 
sparrow-hawks argent, beaked, belled, and jessed or. Crests — i, A lion's gamb 
erased and erect gules, holding a sceptre in bend sinister, headed with a fleur- 
de-lis or (for Powys). 2, A swan azure, ducally gorged and lined, or. The 
Right Hon. Thomas Powys, 2nd Baron Lilford, married, December 5, 1797, 
Henrietta Maria, eldest daughter and coheir of Robert Atherton, Esquire, of 
Atherton Hall, i^i the county of Cumberland. 

ATHLONE (Cos. Westmeath and Roscommon). Has no armorial bearings 
recorded in Ulster's Office, but the following are used : — Gules, a lion passant 
guardant or, on a chief of the last two roses of the field slipped and leaved vert. 
Motto, " Urbes stant legibus." These duly appear upon the seal of the town, but 
without the tinctures, which are conjectural. The legend upon the seal is 
"Sigillum oppidi Aloniensis, 1663." 

ATHY (Co. Kildare). Has no armorial bearings. Lewis's " Topographical 
Dictionary " gives upon an escutcheon a bridge of three arches over water, from 
the centre of the bridge rising a tower between two escutcheons, each sur- 
mounted by a coronet, that on the dexter side charged with a saltire, that on 
the sinister charged with a fesse and thereon three . . . 



38 




ATHENS 




ATHABASCA, SEE OF 





ATHLONE 



ATHERTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ATTORNEYS, SOLICITORS, PROCTORS, &c., Society of (The Incorporated 
Law Society, London). Ermine, on a cross gules, a sword sheathed in pale point 
upwards or, a chief of the last, thereon a pale of the second, charged with a lion 
passant guardant of the third, between a lion rampant also of the second upon 
the dexter side, and upon the sinister a harp azure. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, the figure of Justice represented by a female figure blindfolded, habited 
azure, mantled gules, in the right hand a balance suspended or, and in the left a 
sword erect proper. Suppoiiers — On the dexter side a pegasus or, around the 
neck a double chain gold, and pendant therefrom an escocheon ermine, charged 
with a rose gules, and on the sinister side a lion purpure, around the neck a 
double chain, and pendant therefrom an escocheon or, charged with a trefoil 
slipped vert. Motto — " Leges juraque servamus." 

[Recorded College of Arms, Gts. xlvii. 398, 400] 

AUBIGNY. Azure, three fleurs-de-lys within a bordure engrailed or. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, c. 1672-7, as the arms for Aubigny in the 
first and fourth quarters, by the Duke of Lennox and Richmond.] 

AUCHTERARDER. Or, two chevrons gules. Motto — " Non potest civitas 
abscondi supra montem posita." 

[Of no authority, being really the arms of the old Earls of Strathearn.] 

AUCHTERMUCHTY (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents a man scattering seed and has the motto, " Dum sero spero," 
with the legend " Sig. Auchtermuchty." 

AUCKLAND, City of (New Zealand). Argent, upon waves of the sea a two- 
masted ship in full sail proper, flagged gules, on a chief per pale azure and 
gules, to the dexter a cornucopia or, to the sinister a shovel surmounted by a 
pick in saltire proper. Crest — Issuant out of a mural crown or, a representation 
of the " Phormium tenax " flowered proper. Motto — " Advance." Supporters — 
On either side an apteryx (or kiwi) proper. 

[Granted, College of Arms, October 23, 191 1, and Supporters, October 
24, 191 1]. 



40 




AUCHTERARDER 



INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY 




AUCKLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

AUCKLAND, See of (New Zealand). Azure, three estoiles one and two argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

AUGSBURG, Town of (Bavaria). Party per pale gules and argent, on the 
capital of a pillar or, a pine-cone vert. 

AUGSBURG, Bishopric of. Party per pale gules and argent. 

AUSCHWITZ, Duchy of. Argent, an eagle displayed azure. 



42 




AUCKLAND, SEE OF 





AUGSBURG 



AUSCHWITZ 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

AUSTRALIA, Commonwealth of. Quarterly of six, the first quarter argent, a 
cross gules charged with a lion passant guardant between on each limb a mullet 
of six points or ; the second, azufe, five mullets, one of eight, two of seven, one 
of six, and one of five points of the first (representing the constellation of the 
Southern Cross) ensigned with an Imperial Crown proper; the third of the 
first, a Maltese cross of the fourth, surmounted by a like Imperial Crown ; the 
fourth of the third, on a perch wreathed vert and gules, an Australian piping 
shrike displayed also proper ; the fifth also or, a swan naiant to the sinister 
sable ; the last of the first, a lion passant of the second ; the whole within a 
bordure ermine. For the Crest — On a wreath or and azure, a seven-pointed star 
or: and for Supporters — Dexter a kangaroo, sinister an emu, both proper. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 19th Sept. 191 2.] 

The bordure makes this one indivisible coat, and the separate quaiterings 
are not herein assigned to the several states. The first quarter is the device 
formerly in use in New South Wales and now superseded ; the second quarter is 
the device incorporated in the Royal Warrant for Victoria, g.v. ; the third 
quarter is the device formerly in use in Queensland and incorporated in the 
crest assigned to that state ; the fourth quarter is a device recently adopted by 
South Australia ; the fifth quarter is the device in use in West Australia ; and 
the sixth that in use in Tasmania. 

This Royal Warrant supersedes an earlier one, namely, argent, on a cross 
gules, cottised azure, five mullets of six points of the field, a bordure of the 
third charged with six escutcheons also argent, each charged with a chevron of 
the second. Crest — On a wreath of the colours (argent and azure) a star of 
seven points or. Supporters — On a mount vert, on the dexter side a kangaroo 
and on the sinister an emu both proper. Motto — " Advance Australia." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 7th May 1908.] 

The banner carried for Australia at the Coronation of King George V- 
showed the arms assigned in 1908. Some years previously, as the result of 
a public competition, an " Australian flag" had been adopted and was most 
improperly recognised by the Colonial Office. The flag is blue, and at the hoist 
a canton of the Union, and below this a large star, and in the fly a representation 
of the five stars of the Southern Cross. The Governor-General of Australia flies 
the Union flag, and in the centre a seven pointed yellow star, surmounted by the 
crown, and within a wreath of foliage. 

A floral badge — the Wattle — is sometimes claimed and used as emblematical 
of Australia. 

The Commonwealth of Australia consists of the States of New South 
Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania and Western Australia, 
to which refer. See also City of Sydney. 



44 




AUSTRALIA, COMMONWEALTH OF 




THE DISCARDED ARMS OF AUSTRALIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
AUSTRALIA, Corporation of Accountants of. Refer to Accountants. 

AUSTRALIA, See of. Azure, four stars of eight points in cross argent, intended 
to represent the Crux Australis or principal constellation of the Southern 
Hemisphere. 

[Recorded College of Arms, Gts. 41, 229.] 

AUSTRALIA, North-West, See of. Per fesse azure and argent, a cross of 
the last between in the first quarter the Southern Constellation, in the second 
(? a nugget), in the third a (?) and a (?) in saltire, and in the fourth a swan 
naiant sable. 

[Of no authority.] 

AUSTRIA, Empire of. The arms are displayed upon a double-headed eagle sable 
with golden beak and claws, which holds in its dexter claw a golden sceptre and 
a drawn sword and in its sinister the Imperial Orb. Each of its heads is 
imperially crowned. On its breast is the escutcheon tierced in pale — (i) Haps- 
burg, (2) Austria, (3) Lorraine, viz., Hapsbitrg or, a lion rampant gules, 
crowned azure ; (2) Austria gules, a fesse argent ; (3) Lorraine or, on a bend gules 
three alerions argent. Around this escutcheon are the Collar of the Order of 
the Golden Fleece and the Grand cordon of the Order of Maria Theresa. On 
the wings and tail of the Imperial Eagle are eleven crowned escutcheons, 
viz., (1) Hungary ancient and modern impaled (viz., ancient — Barry of eight 
argent and gules ; modern — gules on a mount in base vert, an open crown or, 
issuant therefrom a patriarchal cross argent) ; (2) Esdavonia (gules, issuing 
from the sinister flank an arm embowed proper, vested gules, and holding a sabre 
argent); (3) Upper Austria (per pale or, an eagle displayed sable, impaling gules 
two pallets argent) impaling Austria beloiv the Ems (azure, five larks or eaglets 
displayed or — these being really the ancient arms of Austria-Babenburger line) ; 

(4) Salzburg (per pale or, a lion rampant sable, impaling gules, a fesse argent) ; 

(5) Styria (vert, a griffin rampant queue fourch^e, argent, vomiting flames of 
fire proper, and crowned or) ; (6) Tyrol argent, an eagle displayed gules 
crowned or; (7) (at top of sinister wing) Bohemia (gules, a lion rampant 
double queued argent, crowned or) ; (8) lllyria azure, an antique galley or ; 

(9) Transylvania (per fesse azure and or, over all a bar gules, issuing therefrom 
a demi-eagle displayed sable in chief and in base seven towers of the third ; 

(10) Moravia (azure, an eagle displayed chequy gules and argent, crowned 
or) impaling Silesia (or, an eagle displayed sable, crowned of the field, on its 
breast a crescent and crosslet argent); (11) Carinthia (or, three lions passant 
sable) impaling Carniola (argent, an eagle displayed azure, on its breast a 
crescent counter compony of the field and gules). 

The Imperial Crown is placed above the crowned heads of the double eagle. 
When Supporters are used they are two griffins or, the plumage and the 
breast and wings sable. 

Although the foregoing is the full description, the arms of Austria are more 

46 





AUSTRALIA, SEE OF 



AUSTRALIA, NORTH-WEST, SEE OF 




AUSTRIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

usually represented by an escutcheon on the breast of the eagle showing the 
arms of Austria and Hungary, or Austria, Hungary, and Lorraine, as in the 
illustration. 

The Ecu Complet of the Austrian Empire as established by Imperial 
Decree in 1836 was as follows : — 

Quarterly of nine grand quarters : I. (i) Dalmatia, (2) Croatia, (3) Esclavonia, 
(4) Transylvania, and over all the impaled coats of Hungary, ancient and 
modern. II. (i) Upper Austria, (2) Salzburg, (3) Styria, (4) The Teutonic 
Order, (5) Tyrol, (6) Trient, (7) Brixen, (8) Hohen-Embs, (9) Montfort and 
Feldkirch, (10) Bregenz, (il) Sonnenburg, and over all Austria — ancient. 
III. (i) iVIoravia, (2) Silesia, (3) Upper Lusatia, (4) Teschen, (5) Lower Lusatia, 
and over all an escocheon of Bohemia. IV. (i) Cumania, (2) Bosnia, (3) Bulgaria, 
(4) Servia,(5) Raschia, (6) tierced in pale — (i) Hapsburg, (2) Austria, (3) Lorraine. 
VI. (i) Jerusalem, 2 Castile, (3) Leon, (4) Arragon, (5) The Indies, (6) Sicily, 

(7) Calabria, (8) Naples. VII. (i) Tuscany, (2) Modena, (3) Parma, (4) Guastalla, 
and over all an escutcheon per pale — (a) Milan, (d) Venice. VIII. (i) Carinthia, 

(2) Carniola, (3) VVindische-Mark, (4) Frioul, (5) Trieste, (6) Istria, (7) Gradisca, 

(8) Gorz, (9) Ragusa, (10) Cattaro, (11) Zara. IX. (i) Lodomiria, (2) Cracow, 

(3) Auschwitz, (4) Zator, and over all an escutcheon of Galicia. 

AUSTRIAN LEO SOCIETY (A Catholic Literary Society). Sable, a lion 
rampant or, armed gules, charged on the shoulder with an escutcheon of the 
arms of the Austrian Imperial Family (gules, a fess argent), and holding in its 
forepaws the triple papal cross argent (1892). 

AXBRIDGE (Somersetshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seals each 
represent a Paschal Lamb, one within the legend " Sigillum communitatis burgi 
Axbridg." 

AYERST HALL, Cambridge. (Closed.) Argent, on a bend engrailed azure, a sun 
in splendour and an eagle displayed ; in the sinister chief a cross moline. 
[Of no authority.] 

AYLESBURY (Buckinghamshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

AYR, The County Council for the County of. Or, a saltire gules, on a chief of the 
second a holy lamb, cross, staff, and banner of St Andrew proper between two 
lyres of the first, stringed argent. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Office, 8th day of July 1890.] 



48 




AYR, COUNTY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

AYR, The Town of. The entry in Lyon Register is as follows : — " The Royall 
Burgh of Aire bears Gules a castle triple-towered argent betwixt a holy lamb, 
cross, staff, and banner of St Andrew on the dexter, and on the sinister the 
head of John the Baptist in a charger proper, in the base the sea azur." 5th 
September 1673. 

The arms as usually used are the same as shown in the illustration, and this 
form appears upon the seal at present in use, but upon another seal the lamb is 
placed in the centre chief point above the middle tower, and a St John the 
Baptist's head in a charger is placed on both sides of the castle. The blazon by 
a distorted reading could be made to describe such a representation of the 



AYR ACADEMY (Ayr). Gules, rising from a sea undy argent and azure, a castle 
triple towered of the second, between the head of St John the Baptist on a 
charger on the dexter and an open book bearing this inscription, " Dominus 
illuminatio mea," on the sinister, all proper, on a chief of the second a holy lamb 
with cross, staff, and banner of Scotland all proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, i8th February 1912, the fees being raised 
by subscription amongst former scholars.] 

BACUP (Lancashire). Azure, on a fesse between two bales of cotton in chief or, 
and a block of stone with Lewis attached in base proper, a fleece sable 
between two bees volant of the third, in the centre chief point a squirrel sejant 
of the second. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a bale of cotton 
or, a stag gorged with a collar vair, and resting the dexter forefoot on a trefoil 
slipped gold. Motto — " Honor et industria." 

[Granted 13th March 1883 by Sir Albert William Woods, Garter Principal 
King of Arms ; Walter Aston Blount, Clarenceux King of Arms ; and George 
E. Cokayne, Norroy King of Arms.] 

[The above is the official blazon, which omits the tincture of the stag. 
Burke gives it " proper " in the " Armory," which the Editor fancies is correct.] 



SO 




AYR, TOWN OF 




AYR ACADEMY 




UFLlf/ j 



BACUP 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BADEN, Grand Duchy of. Or, a bend gules. Supporters — Two griffins regardant 
argent, crowned or. 

BAHAMAS, The. No warrant has been issued assigning arms either to The 
Bahamas as a whole or to any of the constituent islands. 

The device published by the Admiralty is a ship on the sea in full sail 
within a garter bearing the motto, " Commercia expulsis piratis restituta." 

BAKERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 22nd July 1509.) 
(This is really the Company of White Bakers.) Gules, an arm embowed vested 
gules, cuffed or, holding a balance between three garbs also or, on a chief barry 
wavy of four argent and azure, a cloud proper between two anchors or, the arm 
descending from the cloud. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, two arms 
embowed proper, holding in their hands a chaplet of wheat or. Supporters — Two 
stags proper, attired or, each gorged with a chaplet of wheat of the last. Motto — 
"Praise God for All." 

[Granted by Cooke, Clarenceux, F. 13, 40.] 

BAKERS, The Craft and Incorporation of (Aberdeen). Or, two bakers' pyles 
disposed in saltyre gules each charged with three loaves in pale argent, 
between a tower triple-towered in chief and a mill-rind in base [of the second]. 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1682.] 

BAKERS COMPANY (Exeter). Gules, a balance between three garbs or, on a 
chief barry wavy of four argent and azure, a hand proper, vested gules, cuffed 
or, issuing from clouds affixed to the upper part of the chief holding the 
balance. Motto — " Praise God for all." 
[Of no authority.] 

BAKERS. Refer also to Brown Bakers and to Baxters. 

BAKERS' GUILD (Li^ge). Azure, between two rolls, a saw-blade in pale point 
downwards or. 



52 




BADEN 





BAKERS, CRAFT AND INCORPORATION 

OF (ABERDEEN) 



BAKERS, WORSHIPFUL COMPANY OF (LONDON) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BALIOL COLLEGE (Oxford). [Founded 1263 by Sir John Baliol of Barnard 
Castle (father of John Baliol, King of Scotland) and completed and endowed 
by his widow Devorgulla in 1284.] Gules, an inescutcheon voided argent 
impaling azure, a lion rampant argent ducally crowned or. 

[Recorded in College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of Oxford, 

IS 74-] 

According to the Oxford University Calendar the arms in use are azure, 
a lion rampant argent, crowned or, impaling the arms of Baliol as above 
delineated. 

BALLARAT, See of (Australia). Ermine, a mill-rind sable, on a chief azure, a 
celestial crown or. 

[Of no authority.] 

BALLATER. Has no arms. Those in use are Quarterly, i and 4 or, a lion 
rampant gules; 2 and 3 argent, a fir-tree growing out of a mount in base vert. 
Motto—'' Fide et fortitudine." 

[These are of no authority, being an adaptation of the arms of Farquharson 
of Invercauld.] 

BALLYMENA (Co. Antrim). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are, azure, 
a representation of the Castle of Ballymenagh within an orle of six towers all 
proper. Motto — " Post praelia praemia " (spelled so upon the town seal). The 
foregoing arms are taken from a sculptured stone over the gateway of Lord 
Waveney's Castle, Ballymena, and are there shown upon an escutcheon within 
the legend " Ballymenagh of the Seven Towers." 



BANBRIDGE 
(Co. Down). Has 
no armorial bear- 
ings, but makes 
use of the follow- 
ing, namely, party 
per fesse the chief 
per pale or and 
purpure, and the 
base azure, on a 
fesse argent be- 




tween in chief on 
the dexter side a 
pearl, on the sin- 
ister side a garb, 
and ill base a 
spinning-wheel, a 
shuttle fessewise 
all proper. Motto 
— "Per Deum et 
industriam." 



BANBRIDGE 
54 



,^ 












fc V^^W^iftij 








^%^yA 








^^F 








^1 


' 






*^ 


^ 




) 



BALIOL COLLEGE 




BALLARAT, SEE OF 





BALLATER 



BALLYMENA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BANBURY (Oxfordshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal which was 
recorded at the visitation of the County of Oxford represents the branch of a 
tree with flowers and fruit and underneath the letters B A. The present 
seal represents upon an escutcheon a sun in splendour. This design is now used 
as the arms of the borough, the field being quoted as azure and the sun or. 
The motto is " Dominus nobis sol & scutum." 

BANCHORY (Co. Kincardine). Has no arms. The device upon the seal consists 
of three escutcheons : (a) argent, three holly leaves in chief vert, and in base a 
hunting horn sable stringed gules (Burnett of Leys) ; (b) Burnett of Leys as above 
impaling Ramsay of Balmain, viz., argent, an eagle displayed sable ; (c) azure on 
a fesse between three pheons argent, a stag lodged gules (Davidson of 
Inchmarlo). 

BAN DON (Co. Cork). Has no armorial bearings recorded in Ulster's Office. 
Upon a sheet of Irish Arms published by Messrs Marcus Ward & Company, 
Ltd., it is credited with the following (taken from the seal), namely, azure, over 
water in base proper, a bridge of seven arches, thereon at either end an 
embattled gateway domed, argent, in the centre chief point an escutcheon parted 
per bend embattled of the last and gules, surmounted by an Earl's coronet 
proper. (The arms of Boyle, Earls of Cork and Orrery.) 

BANFF, County of. Has no arms. 

BANFF, Town of (Banffshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows : — 
"The Ro}'all Burgh of Banff" gives for Efisignes Ariiioriall Q\A&s the Virgine- 
Mary with her Babe in her Armes or." Motto — " Omne Bonum Dei Donum." 

BANGOR (Carnarvonshire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's " General Armory " 
quotes the arms as the same as those of the See of Bangor, which are " Gules, a 
bend or, guttee-de-poix between two mullets pierced argent." The seal of the 
Corporation, however, has an escutcheon gules, on a bend or, guttee-de-poix, a 
bend wavy azure, thereon a representation of a mace . . ., all between two 
mullets argent. Crest — A griffin couchant. The Corporation notepaper shows 
(presumably) a copy of the seal minus its legend, but the colours of the 
escutcheon are there changed ; but as they become " metal upon metal," and 
this is therefore a breach of heraldic law, little attention need be paid to it. 



56 





rmnmnn 




BANDON 



BANBURY 




BANFF 




BANGOR 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BANGOR, See of. Gules, a bend argent, gutte de poix between two mullets pierced 
of the second. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

These arms first appear on the seal of Bishop Merrick (1559-1566). 

BANGOR, Dean of. Argent, an abbot in pontificals proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

BANK. See Bank of England and Bank of Scotland hereunder, and refer to 
Aberdeen Town and County Bank, Edinburgh and Glasgow Bank, Manchester 
and Liverpool District Banking Company, Manchester and Salford Bank, 
' National Bank of Scotland, North of Scotland Banking Company. 

BANK OF ENGLAND. Has no arms, but as a device both upon its seal and 
bank-notes, the figure of Britannia is made use of. 

BANK OF SCOTLAND, Governor and Company of. " Azur a Sanct 
Andrew's cross argent betwixt four bezants. On a suteable helmet mantled 
azur, doubling argent and wreath of their colours is sett for their crest a 
Cornu-copia diffuseing money or, supported by two women, she on the dexter 
representing Abundance holding in her hand a Cornu-copia as the former, and 
that on the sinister representing Justice and holding in her hand a balance. 
The Motto in Escroll above, "Tanto uberior." Devise (" under which their notes 
do circulat ") being " Scotia represented by a Lady holding in her right hand a 
Cornu-copia pouring out money, and in her left a thistle with these words over 
it, " Tanto uberior." 

[Granted ist March 1701, and recorded in Lyon Register 20th February 
1849. The supporters are habited in green over a white underskirt.] 



58 





DEAN OF BANGOR 



BANGOR, SEE OF 




BANK OF SCOTLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BAR. Azure, seme of crosslets fitchee or, over all two barbel addorsed of the last. 

BARATONGA. No warrant has been issued assigning arms, but the Admiralty 
publish as the " Ensign " of Baratonga a flag gules, charged with a fesse argent, 
thereon three mullets of five points azure. 

BARBADOS. No arms have as yet been assigned, but Walker granted a seal with 
an allegorical device. The Admiralty publishes as a device for use upon the 
Union Flag a disc representing Britannia drawn upon the sea by sea-horses. 
This device has also appeared upon the postage stamps. 

BARBADOS, See of. Azure, a crosier and key in saltire between in chief the 
Imperial Crown or, and in base an estoile argent. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

BARBERS AND SURGEONS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incor- 
porated 1462. United with the Surgeons by Act of Parliament 32, Henry VIII.) 
Quarterly : i and 4, sable, a chevron between three fleams argent ; 2 and 3, 
per pale argent and vert, a spater in pale of the first, surmounted of a rose 
gules charged with another of the first, the first rose regally crowned proper, 
between the four quarters a cross of St George gules, charged with a lion 
passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an opinicus with 
wings indorsed or. Supporters — Two lynxes proper, spotted of various colours 
azure, gules, vert, or and argent, both ducally collared and chained argent. 
Motto — " De prffiscientire Dei." Mantled gules doubled argent. 

[The arms in the first and fourth quarters are those of the Barbers, and in 
the second and third those of the Surgeons, these being originally granted 22nd 
September 145 1. This grant is printed "Misc. Gen. et Her.," i. 11. The arms 
were renewed lOth June 1561, approved and granted by Dethick, Garter, Cooke 
Clarenceux and Flower, Norrey, 2nd June 1569, and again confirmed 1634.] 

Original arms of the Barber-Surgeons were, " Sable, a chevron between 
three fleams argent," original cognizance of the Surgeons' Company granted 
by King Henry VIII., "a spater charged with a rose gules crowned or." An 
augmentation to the arms of the Barber-Surgeons was subsequently granted by 
Hervey, 1 561. " A chief paly argent and vert, on a pale gules, a lion passant or, 
between two spaters argent, on each a double rose gules and argent, crowned 
or." Crest and supporters as above. 

BARBER-SURGEONS (Exeter). Quarterly sable and argent, over all on a 
cross gules, a lion passant guardant or, on the ist and 4th quarters a chevron 
between three fleams argent on the 2nd and 3rd quarters, a rose gules, seeded 
or, barbed vert, regally crowned proper. Motto — " De praescientia; Dei." 
[No authority.] 



60 




BAR 




BARBADOS, SEE OF 




COMPANY OF BARBERS AND SURGEONS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BARBER-SURGEONS, Company of (Dublin). Parted by a cross of England 
charged with a lion passant guardant crowned or, these two coats-armour 
quartered, the first argent, a chevron gules betwixt 3 cinquefoils azure, the 
second azure a harp crowned or, the third as the second, the fourth as the 
first. Crest on a wreath argent and gules, St Mary Magdalene. Mantling, gules 
and argent. Supported by a Leopard proper and an Irish Greyhound argent, 
each gorged with a ducal coronet and standing on a Scroll with their motto, 
viz., " Christi salus nostra." 

[Granted by Wm. Roberts, Ulster King of Arms, circa 1645.] 
The grant recites that these arms may be used at the funerals of the 
members of the Company. 

BARCELONA (Spain). Quarterly : i and 4, argent, a cross gules ; 2 and 3, or, 
four pallets gules. 

BARKING, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arm.s. 

BARNARD'S INN (London). Per pale indented ermine and sable, a chevron 
gules, fretty or. 

[Of no authority.] 

BARNSLEY (Yorkshire). Argent, on a chevron gules, between two shuttles 
fessewise in chief, and in base as many pickaxes in saltire proper, a falcon 
wings elevated and holding in the dexter claw a padlock or, between two boars' 
heads couped of the last, each holding in the mouth a cross pattee fitchee in 
pale of the first, a chief sable, thereon a cross pattee between two covered cups 
also or. Crest — A gryphon argent, wings elevated sable, resting the dexter 
claw on an escutcheon also argent, charged with a shuttle palewise also sable. 
Supporters — On the dexter side a miner, his pit lamp suspended from his neck, 
supporting in his exterior hand a pick-axe proper. On the sinister side a glass- 
blower, supporting in his exterior hand a blowpipe, issuaut therefrom in base a 
glass bottle, all proper. Motto — " Spectemur agendo." 

[Arms and crest granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt., Garter 
Principal King of Arms; Robert Laurie, Clarenccux King of Arms; Walter 
Aston Blount, Norroy King of Arms, 12th November 1869. Supporters 
granted 13th August 1913.] 



62 





BARCELONA (SPAIN) 



BARNARD'S INN 




BARNSLEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BARNSTAPLE (Devonshire). Gules, a castle argent. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. Visitation of Devonshire, 1620. 

BARRHEAD. Has no arms. Those in use are derived from the arms of the old 
Dukedom of Lennox, viz., Quarterly, i and 4 azure, three fleurs-de-lis within a 
bordure engrailed or; 2 and 3, three hearts each charged with a cross within the 
double tressure ; over all an inescutcheon of the arms of Lennox argent, a saltire 
engrailed between four roses gules Crest — A bull's head crowned. Supporters 
— Two wolves. Motto — " Virtute et labore." 
[All quite bogus.] 

BARROW-IN-FURNESS (Lancashire). Gules, on a bend between a serpent 
nowed in chief and a stag trippant in base or, an arrow pointing upwards to a 
bee volant proper, upon a chief argent, on waves of the sea a paddle-wheel 
steamship under steam and canvas also proper. Crest — Out of the battlements 
of a tower a ram's head proper, armed and collared or. Motto — " Semper sursum." 

Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms ; Robert Laurie, Clarenceux King of Arms ; Walter Aston Blount, Norroy 
King of Arms, 13th December 1867. 

The ram's head is an allusion to the fact that Sir James Ramsden (of Furness 
Abbey) was the principal landowner in the district. 



64 




BARRHEAD 




BARNSTAPLE 




BARROW-IN-FURNESS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
BARROW-IN-FURNESS, Bishop of. As a Suffragan, he has no official arms. 

BASINGSTOKE (Hampshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
the Archangel Michael holding in his dexter hand a sword and in his sinister 
a spear, and standing upon the body of a dragon lying upon its back, the spear 
thrust through the neck of the dragon. The legend is " Sigillum comune ville 
de Basingstoke com Sovthton." 

BASKET MAKERS, Worshipful Company of (London). Azure, three cross 
baskets in pale argent between a prime and an iron on the dexter and a 
cutting-knife and an outsticker on the sinister of the second. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a cradle, therein a child, rocked at the head by a girl 
and at the feet by a boy both vested all proper. Motto — " Let us love one 
another." 

[These arms are of no authority.] 

BASLE, (Switzerland). Argent, the head of a crozier sable. 

BASLE, Canton (Switzerland). Argent, the head of a crosier sable. Supporter — 
Dexter, a wyvern proper. 

BASUTOLAND. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Basutoland. 

BATH, City of (Somersetshire). Party per fesse embattled azure and argent, the 
base masoned, in chief two bars wavy of the second, over all a sword in pale gules, 
hilt and pommel or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The arms are blazoned in Burke, however, as party per fesse embattled 
azure and gules, the base masoned sable and charged with two crosses bottonnee 
of the last as fortifications; in chief two bars wavy argent, over all a sword in 
pale of the last, hilt and pommel or, on the blade a key. 

The Corporation have assumed and use as Supporters on the dexter side a 
lion and on the sinister a bear, but these are of absolutely no authority. Berry 
adds a note that in a manuscript in the British Museum, No. 1445, the arms of 
Bath are thus blazoned, viz., per fesse embattled gules and water proper, viz., the 
base water proper, the chief masoned sable, over all a sword in pale argent, hilt 
and pommel or. And the like arms are painted on the roof of the Abbey Church 
at Bath. 



66 





BASLE 



BASKET MAKERS' COMPANY 




BATH 




BASLE, CANTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BATH ABBEY. Azure, two keys in bend sinister addorsed and conjoined in the 
bows, interlaced with a sword in bend dexter, all argent. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.j 

BATH KING OF ARMS. No arms have as yet been assigned to this office. 

BATH COLLEGE. Uses the arms of the City of Bath, with the motto, " Possunt 
quia posse videntur." 
[Of no authority.] 

BATH AND WELLS, See of Azure, a saltire per saltire and quarterly or and 
argent. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

These are the arms of Wells only, the See in fact, though having a double 
name, being but one bishopric of which the seat is at Wells. Burke's Peerage 
states the arms of the See of Bath to have been identical with those of 
Winchester save that the field is azure. 

Debrett's "Peerage" gives "the coat of Wells charged for Bath Abbey with a 
crosier argent in pale between a sword in bend sinister and two keys in bend 
addorsed and conjoined in the bows proper." This combination appears on the 
seal of Bishop Bekington (1443-65) and without the crosier on the seal of 
Bishop Montagu (1608-16), but either form appears to be unauthorised. 

Crockford impales the Arms of Bath (dexter), as quoted by Burke, with 
those of Wells (sinister). This combination is also spurious. 

BATHGATE (Co. Linlithgow). Has no arms. The seal is rather wonderful, of the 
landscape variety. Motto — " Commune bonum intra mures." 

BATHURST, See of (Australia). Azure, two pastoral staves in saltire proper 
between four estoiles argent, in chief a Paschal lamb of the second. 
[Of no authority.] 



68 




BATH ABBEY 




BATH AND WELLS, SEE OF 




BATHURST, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BATLEY (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal displays an escutcheon 
party per chevron azure and argent, on a chevron gules between in chief a 
fleece on the dexter side and a garb on the sinister side (? both or), and in base 
a cross patonce lozenge pierced sable, three mullets of six points . . . Crest — 
A dove (?) holding in its beak a branch. Motto — " Floreat industria." 

BATTERSEA, Borough of (London). Has no arms. Those in use are per pale 
indented azure and argent. Crest — A dove holding in its beak an olive branch, 
all proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

BATTERY-WORKS. Refer to Mineral and Battery Works, Society of. 

BAVARIA, Kingdom of. Quarterly: i, Sable, a lion rampant double queued or, 
crowned gules (Palatinate of the Rhine); 2, per fesse dancette gules and argent 
(Franken) ; 3, bendy sinister of six argent and gules, a pale or (Burgau) ; 
4, argent, a lion rampant azure, crowned or (Veldenz) ; over all on an in- 
escutcheon the arms of Bavaria fusilly bendy argent and azure. Supporters — 
Two lions regardant queue fourche proper, crowned or. 



70 





BATLEY 



BATTERSEA 




BAVARIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BAXTERS (Bakers). Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Azure, on a chief wavy 
or, charged with two bars wavy of the field, a dexter hand issuing from a cloud 
proper, suspending a balance and scales between three garbs of the second two 
and one. 

[Not matriculated in Ljon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh.] 

BEAUMARIS (Angflesea). Has no arinoiial bearings. The seal represents an 
ancient ship with one mast and sail furled. At the masthead is flying a doubly, 
forked pennon, and just below the pennon and above the sail is fixed to the 
dexter side of the mast a tower. Below on the dexter side of the mast is an 
escutcheon charged with three lions pa.ssant guardant, and on the sinister side a 
castle with four towers. The legend is " SI. commune communitatis ville de 
Beaumaris." Berry adds a note, the Corporation used for arms, gules, three lions 
passant guardant or. 

BECCLES (Suffolk). Has no arms. The seal represents a minster or church with 
the legend " Sigillum concilii municip. Becclesise." 

BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE. No arms exist for this Protectorate. 

BEDFORD, County of. Has no armorial bearings. Upon a coloured sheet of the 
" Arms of the Counties of England and Wales," which has been published, a 
kind of travesty upon the seal of the town of Bedford is given, namely, argent, 
an eagle displayed with wings inverted and surmounted upon the breast with a 
quadrangular castle gules. It is of course of no authority. The seal of the 
County Council, however, shows the following arms, apparently invented 
therefor, namely, argent, on a mount, a tree, in base water all proper, on a 
chief azure, a plough of the second, between on the dexter side a garb or, and 
on the sinister a pair of cloth shears also proper. 

BEDFORD (Bedfordshire). Argent, an eagle displayed, and with wings inverted 
looking towards the sinister sable, ducally crowned or, and surmounted upon its 
breast by a castle of three degrees or. 

Confirmed to the Mayor, Bayliffes, Burgesses, and Commonalty of the 
Town of Bedford by William Hervey, Clarenceux King of Arms, 7th June 1566. 

Prior to this in the records of the College of Arms is an entry also signed 
by William Hervey, Clarenceux, of the Coat " per pale argent and gules, a fess 
azure," with the note, " These Arms are of Aunceentie belonging and apperteyn. 
ing to ye Towne and Borough of Bedford tyme out of mynd." 

[Burke blazons the eagle as gules.'] 

BEDFORD COLLEGE FOR WOMEN (London). Argent, between two 
flaunches paly bendy or and sable, a cross patee throughout gules, voided 
of the field, surmounted by an open book of the second, on a chief of the third 
an antique lamp gold inflamed proper. 

[Granted, College of Arms, 13th August 1913.] 

72 





v^^^ 



BAXTERS (BAKERS) 



BEDFORD 




BEDFORD COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BEDLAM. Refer to Bethlehem. 

BEDWIN, GREAT. See Great Bedwin. 

BELFAST (Co. Antrim). Party per fesse argent and azure, in chief a pile vair, and 
on a canton gules a bell argent; in base, a ship with sails set argent, on waves 
of the sea proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a wolf proper, ducally gorged and 
chained or ; (sinister) a sea-horse gorged with a mural crown proper. Crest — 
A sea-horse gorged with a mural crown proper. Motto — " Pro tanto quid 
retribuamus." 

Granted by Sir John Bernard Burke, C.B., Ulster King of Arms, 30th June 
1890. 

Upon a seal referred to in the will of Henry Le Squire, dated 1643, and 
which is still in existence, the arms exactly as granted are engraved, with the 
solitary exception that the two sea-horses are without mural coronets, and that 
they are surmounted by an Esquire's helmet and mantling. " Master Le Squire " 
above mentioned was sovereign of the town 1635-36 and '39. He was then 
agent and seneschal to the Lord Edward Chichester. The dexter supporter and 
the pile vair are of course derived from the Chichester achievement. 

In Burke's " General Armory" the arms are wrongly blazoned as per fess 
argent and azure, in chief a pile vair, in base a ship with sails set of the field, on a 
canton of the second, a tower of the first. Crest — A sea-horse proper. Supporters 
— (Dexter) a wolf, (sinister) a sea-horse, both proper. The grant is certainly 
dated later than the last edition of the " Armory," but the arms, so far as the 
Editor is able to ascertain, have never been so used. This description of them 
appears to have been taken from a note in the handwriting of Sir William 
Betham, Ulster King of Arms. For some reason the sea-horses have been 
frequently wrongly credited with wings. An interesting pamphlet to which I 
am indebted has been published, entitled, " An Enquiry into the History and 
Authenticity of the Belfast Arms," and is by John Vinycomb, F.S.A. 

BELFAST, Queen's University of. Refer to University. 

BELGIUM, Kingdom of. Sable, a lion rampant or. Supporters — Two crowned 
lions rampant or, each holding a banner tierced in pale sable, or, and gules. 
Motto — " L'union fait la force." 



74 




BELFAST 




BELGIUM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BELTURBET (Co. Cavan). Or, a tower with dome and pennon gules, in base 
waves of the sea proper ; on a chief azure, a harp of the field, between on the 
dexter side a rose argent, and on the sinister a thistle, also proper. 

[Granted by Molyneux, Ulster King of Arms.] 

There is no official record of the grant, but a very rough pen-and-ink sketch 
with the following note is amongst other papers [bound up in Ulster's Office and 
labelled " Draft Grants "]. The " waves of the sea " in the sketch are represented 
in the old heraldic way as barry wavy azure and argent. 

" The Armes of the Toune or Borogh of Beoltirbert in the County of Cavan, 
set forth at the request of Stephen Butler als Botterler Eqr. first Provost of that 
Borogh and at the request of the free burgesses of the same for Confirmation 
whereof I have heere onto set my hand and Seale this 2ith of June, Ano. Dni. 
1613, the eleventh yeere of the raigne of the most high and mightie Prince 
James by the grace of God King of greate Britaine France & Ireland, 
defender of the fayth &c." 

BENDIGO, See of. Quarterly: i, two bendlets wavy; 2, a spade and pickaxe in 
saltire ; 3, a garb ; 4, a bunch of grapes. 
[Of no authority.] 

BERGEN (Norway). Azure, on rocks in base vert, a castle triple-towered argent. 

BERKHAMSTEAD (Hertfordshire). Or, a castle embattled triple-towered and 
domed azure, on each of the outer domes a banner argent, charged with a cross 
gules, all within a bordure sable, bezantee. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

BERKHAMSTED SCHOOL. Per pale dexter gules two swords in saltire points 
upwards proper, in the centre chief point the letter " D " impaling sinister argent, 
on a bend gules a naked man holding in his dexter hand above his head a 
(? wreath or wrestling collar), and in the dexter chief point a duck, all proper. 
Motto — " Virtus laudata crescit." 

[Of no authority: they are really the arms of the founder. Dean Incent of 
St Paul's, temp. Henry VIII.] 

BERKSHIRE, County of. Has no armorial bearings. Upon a coloured sheet of 
the " Arms of the Counties of England and Wales," which has been published, 
it is credited with "Gules five heads affrontee in saltire argent couped in some 
peculiar manner below the shoulders vested azure and crowned (with most 
peculiar coronets) or." This is evidently a perversion of the seal and arms 
of Reading. 



76 




BENDIGO, SEE OF 




BERKHAMSTEAD SCHOOL 




BERKHAMSTEAD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BERLIN (Prussia). Per pale dexter argent, an eagle displayed sable, crowned 
and with Sachsen or, and charged on the breast with a gold cypher of the letters 
F. R. the dexter claw holding an orb azure, banded and surmounted by a cross 
also or, the sinister claw holding a sceptre (for Prussia) : sinister, argent, an 
eagle displayed gules with Sachsen or, on the head an Electoral Bonnet proper 
on the breast an escutcheon azure, charged with a sceptre in pale or, the dexter 
claw holding a sceptre and the sinister a sword proper (for Brandenburg) on an 
inescutcheon in base, surmounted by a mural crown or, the old arms of the city 
of Berlin, namely argent, a bear rampant sable. 

BERMONDSEY, Borough of (London). Quarterly azure and gules, in chief a 
lion passant guardant supporting with the dexter paw a crosier erect between 
two Roman B's, in the third quarter a battle-axe erect, blade to the sinister 
entiled by a ducal coronet, and in the fourth quarter an ancient ship of three 
masts, sails set and flags flying to the dexter, all or. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a lion passant guardant gules charged on the shoulder with a Roman B, 
supporting with the dexter paw a crosier erect, both or. Motto — " Prosunt 
gentibus artes." 

[Granted 25th March 1901.] 

BERMUDAS, The (or Somers Islands, otherwise the Summer Islands). 
Argent, on a mount vert, a lion sejant aff"ronte gules, supporting between the 
fore-paws an antique shield azure thereon a representation of the wreck of the 
ship " The Sea Venture " (A.D. 1609) all proper. Motto—'' Quo fata ferunt." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 19 10.] 

[The edge of the antique shield is gold. The " Sea Venture" was the ship 
of Admiral Sir George Somers, who first colonized the islands.] 

BERMU DAS COM PAN Y (The Company of Merchants of the Summer Islands). 
Argent a ship in a wrought sea wrecked between two rocks, all proper. Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours (argent and gules) on a mount vert, a boar standing 
between two palm-trees proper. Supporters — Two Tritons proper. Motto — 
" Periissemus nisi periissemus." 

[Granted by Borough, Garter 1635. Misc. Gts., iv. 5.] 

BERNARD'S INN. Refer to Barnard's Inn. 



78 




BERLIN 




|PR05UN T-6ENTlBLl5_^ 
BERMONDSEY 




THE BERMUDAS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BERNE, Canton (Switzerland). Gules, on a bend or, a bear passant sable. 
Supporter — On the sinister side a bear rampant sable, girt with a belt, thereto a 
sword ; all proper. 

BERNE (Switzerland). Gule.s, on a bend or, a bear passant sable. 

BERVIE (Kincardineshire). Has not matriculated any arms. The seal shows 
" an heraldic rose " ; and " Gules, a rose argent," have been quoted as the arms ; 
but the oiificial notepaper of the town is stamped with a rose stalked and leaved, 
the stalk upwards, within the legend " Bervie Town Arms " ! 
[A little heraldic knowledge might not be amiss in Bervie.] 

BERWICK, NORTH. See North Berwick. 

BERWICK, Council of the County of. Argent, on a mount vert, a bear sable, 
collared and chained or, standing in front of a tree proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Office, the loth day of October 1890.] 

BERWICK-UPON-TWEED (Northumberland). Has no armorial bearings. 
The seal represents a bear standing upon a mount and against a tree all between 
two escutcheons each charged with France and England quarterly, above is 
placed under a Gothic canopy the figure of a king seated. The legend is " Sigilii 
maioratus villa Berwici super Twedam." In Burke's " General Armory " this is 
blazoned as a coat-of-arms in the following words : — " Ar. or a mount a bear 
standing against a tree, all ppr., the bear collared and chained or, in fesse two 
escutcheons, on each the Arms of France and England quarterly, on a chief of 
the first (sic) a king crowned and habited of the second, holding in his dexter 
paw (sic) a mount and in the sinister a sceptre, both gold." Save for the 
anatomical error, and that the chief is depicted as "azure," Debrett's " House of 
Commons " follows Burke, but adds the Motto, " Victoria gloria merces." Upon 
the seal of the County Council of Northumberland the arms of the County 
of Berwick are taken and used as the arms of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and in a 
description of the seal in an article on County Council seals the tree is called 
a " Wych-elm." 

BESANCON (France). Or, a double-headed eagle displayed sable, crowned of 
the field and armed gules. 

BETHLEHEM HOSPITAL. (Founded as a Priory in 1247, established as an 
hospital for lunatics in 1446, and refounded by Edward VI. in 1546). Argent, 
two bars sable, a label of five points throughout gules, on a chief azure an 
estoile of sixteen points or, charged with a plate, thereon a cross of the third 
between a human skull in a cup on the dexter side, and a basket of bread, i.e., 
wastell cakes, all of the fifth, on the sinister side. 
[Of no authority.] 



80 





BERNE, CANTON 



BERWICK, COUNCIL OF THE 
COUNTY OF 




BESANCON 




L I G 



BETHLEHEM HOSPITAL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BETHNAL GREEN (London). Has no arms. 

BEVERLEY, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

BEVERLEY (Yorkshire). Argent, three bars wavy azure, on a chief of the last 
a castor-beaver, its head turned biting off the castor {i.e. the fur) or. 

These are the arms at present made use of, but in the visitation books, 
drawings of three distinct seals are shown, each plainly bearing a coat-of-arms, 
but in none of these are the tinctures marked. The first shows a coat . . . three 
bars wavy . . . and in chief a castor-beaver, its head turned and biting off the 
castor. This has the legend " Beverlay." The second, which is the largest 
shows a coat . . . three bars wavj' ... on a chief ... a castor-beaver, its 
head turned biting off the castor. . . . This has the legend " Sigil. ' Maior. 
Gubernat et Burgeus Villre de Beverla.'" The third seal, which in size is 
between the two, shows a coat quarterly I and 4 ... an eagle displayed, . . . 
ducally crowned ... 2 and 3 . . . three bars wavy . . . and in chief a castor- 
beaver with its head turned biting off the castor. . . . 

Burke and Berry give a coat which agrees with none of the foregoing, 
namely, Quarterly i and 4 or, an eagle displayed azure, 2 and 3 argent, three 
bars wavy azure, on a chief of the last a castor-beaver with his head turned 
biting off the castor, all or. 

BEWDLEY (Worcestershire). Argent, an anchor in pale azure, the anchor sur- 
mounted with a fetterlock or, on the dexter side of the anchor a sword erect of 
the second, hilt and pommel also or, on the sinister side of the anchor, a rose 
gules. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms, at the Visitation of Worcester, 1634.] 

BEXHILL-ON-SEA, Borough of (Sussex). Ermine, a cross double parted and 
fretted gules between in the first quarter a mitre and in the second a demi-lion 
passant guardant conjoined to the demi-hulk of a ship both or, in the third an 
estoile sable, and in the fourth a mallard proper, on a chief argent, above waves 
of the sea a demi-sun in splendour issuant from the upper part of the centre of 
the chief also proper, all within a bordure azure charged with eight martlets of 
the third. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, on a mound of sand a Martello 
tower proper. Motto — " Sol et salubritas. " 

[Granted, College of Arms, 21st January 1907.] 

BIDEFORD (Devonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
bridge consisting of one arch and two demi-arches over a river. On the river is 
a single-masted vessel, one-half of which appears to have passed through the 
bridge, but with the mast and round top on the other side. 



82 





BEVERLEY 



BEWDLEY 




BEXHILL-ON-SEA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BIGGAR (Lanarkshire). Has no arms. Bigger rubbish than the heraldry of its 
seal one would have to travel far to find. The shield is divided per pairle 
reversed, the dexter side showing a plough in a ploughed field and the sinister 
a garb in a cornfield. The base is presumably argent; on a wreath a goat's 
head erased. Motto — " Let the deed shaw." 

BIRKENHEAD (Cheshire). Quarterly or and argent, on a cross gules between a 
lion passant of the last in the first quarter, an oak tree issuant from a mount 
proper in the second, an estoile azure in the third, and two lions passant of the 
third in the fourth, a crosier in pale of the first, and two crescents in fesse of the 
second. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a rock proper in front of a 
crosier erect or, a lion azure resting the dexter paw on an anchor also or, 
Motto — " Ubi fides ibi lux et robur." 

[This grant, dated 28th August 1878, is printed " Hist. Soc. of Lanes, and 
Cheshire," xlii. 13.] 

BIRMINGHAM (Warwickshire). Quarterly first and fourth azure, a bend 
of five lozenges or, second and third per pale indented of the last and gules ; 
over all a fesse ermine, thereon a mural crown of the second. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a mural crown, issuant therefrom a dexter arm embowed, 
the hand holding a hammer all proper, together with the Motto, " Forward." 
Supporters — On the dexter side a man habited as a smith (representing Industry), 
holding in the dexter hand a hammer resting on an anvil, all proper, and on the 
sinister side a female figure (representing Art) proper, vested argent, wreathed 
round the temples with laurel vert, tied by a riband gules, holding in the dexter 
hand resting on the shield a book bound, also gules, and in the sinister a painter's 
pallette or, with two brushes proper. 

[The arms were granted, April 3, 1889, and the supporters, April 4, 1S89.] 



84 




BIRKENHEAD 




BIRMINGHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BIRMINGHAM, See of. Per pale indented or and gules, five roundels, two, 
two and one, and in chief two crosses pattee, all counterchanged. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1904.] 

BIRMINGHAM UNIVERSITY. Sec University of Birmingham. 

BIRMINGHAM. Refer to King Edward's Grammar School. 

BISHOPS CASTLE (Shropshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal repre- 
sents a domed castle with the letters I. R. (James Rex) in chief, and in base the 
date, 1609. 

BIT MAKERS' COMPANY. Refer to Loriners' Company. 

BLACKBURN (Lancashire). Argent, a fesse wavy sable, between three bees 
volant proper, on a chief vert, a bugle stringed argent, between two fusils or. 
Crest — A shuttle or, thereon a dove, wings elevated argent, and holding in its beak 
the thread of the shuttle reflexed over the back and an olive branch proper. 
Motto—' Arte et labore." 

[Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms, J. Pulman, Clarenceux King of Arms, Robert Laurie, Norroy King of 
Arms, February 14, 1852.] 

BLACKPOOL, Borough of (Lancashire). Barry wavy of eight sable and or, a 
seagull volant proper, on a chief argent, a thunderbolt also proper, between a 
fleur-de-lis and a lion rampant, both gules. Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, 
on the battlements of a tower or, the sails of a windmill saltirewise proper, 
surmounted in the centre by a rose gules, barbed and seeded, also proper 
Motto — " Progress." 

[Granted loth June 1899.] 

BLACKSMITHS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 1325.) Sable, 
a chevron or, between three crowned hammers proper. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, a mount vert, thereon a phoenix with wings endorsed proper firing 
herself with the sunbeams of the last, and by the agitation and working of her 
wings she kindleth certain sticks of cinnamon and other spices. Motto — "By 
hammer and hand all arts do stand." (Ancient motto — "As God wills, 
so be it.") 

[Arms confirmed and crest altered by Sir Wm. Segar, Garter, 24th June 
1611.] 

BLACKSMITHS and SPURRIERS. The original name of the Blacksmiths' 
Company, to which refer. 



86 





BIRMINGHAM, SEE OF 



BLACKBURN 





x^mt 




BLACKPOOL 



BLACKSMITHS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BLACKSMITHS OF DUBLIN, Corporation of. (Charter 14 Edward IV., 1474.) 
Sable, on a chevron between three hammers argent, crowned or, a dexter gauntlet 
between two steel gads sable. Crest — On a wreath argent and sable, a phoenix 
in flames of fire proper. Mantling gules, doubled argent. Supported on the 
sinister side by an armed man holding in his left hand a shield sable, thereon 
a hammer argent crowned or, and on the dexter side a dragon azure with fire 
issuing out of his mouth proper. Motto — " By hammer and hand all arts stand." 

[Granted by Carney, Ulster, March 20, 1656.] 

This grant recites that the arms, without crest and supporters or motto, 
may be displayed at the funerals of deceased members of the Companj-. 

BLAIRGOWRIE (Perthshire). Has no arms. The Burgh Seal was designed by 
Mr John A. R. Macdonald, C.E., architect of that town, who seems proud of it. 
It's about as appalling as any to be found amongst the Scottish Police Burgh 
Seals, which is saying a good deal. The shield is per fesse and the chief per 
pale. In the first division on a wreath is a garb, the crest of Blair of Blair, in 
the second on a wreath is a birds' nest, not forgetting the birds (stated to 
be young ravens and to represent the crest of Drummond of Blair). In 
base is a representation of "ye Brig o' Blair." To prevent any error it is so 
labelled underneath. Motto — " Bhlair gobhainn righ." 
[Quite bogus, of course.] 

BLANDFORD (Dorsetshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal which is 
remarkably well cut, shows an escutcheon of England, viz. (gules) three lions 
passant guardant in pale (or), a label of three points throughout ermine ; on 
either side of the escutcheon and entwined with the scroll-work of its design is 
an ostrich feather erect, and all between the letters D.L. The legend runs, 
" Sigillvm Bvrgentivm Villae de Blanford Forvm." 

BLOEMFONTEIN, See of (South Africa). Azure, a saltire argent, over all 
a flaming sword erect in pale proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

BLUE-COAT SCHOOL. Refer to Christ's Hospital. 

BLUEMANTLE PURSUIVANT OF ARMS. Badge— k mantle azure. 

BLUNDELL'S SCHOOL (Tiverton). Gules, two pallets argent. Crest— r^ 
squirrel sejant. Motto — " Pro patria populoque." 

[Of no authority.] 



88 




BLOEMFONTEIN, SEE OF 



'^ 


K 




) 


#1 * 

//u 



^/H-PO^ 



BLUNDELL'S SCHOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
BOARD OF ORDNANCE. Refer to Ordnance. 

BODMIN (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a king 
crowned and holding in his dexter hand a sceptre and seated under a canopy. 
The legend is " Sigill. comune burgensium Bodminie." 

BODY GUARD FOR SCOTLAND, The King's. Refer to Archers, the Royal 
Company of. 

BOHEMIA. Refer to Austria. 

BOLIVIA. A landscape — refer to illustration. 

BOLOGNA (Italy). Quarterly : i and 4, argent, a cross gules, on a chief azure, three 
fleurs-de-lis or separated by the points of a label of four points gules ; 2 and 3, 
azure, the word " Libertas," in letters of gold in bend (or bend sinister). 

BOLTON (Lancashire). Gules, two bendlets or, a shuttle with weft pendent 
between an arrow point upwards and a mule spinning spindle in chief palewise 
all of the last, and an escocheon in base of the second, thereon a rose of the 
first, barbed and seeded proper. Crest — Upon a rocky moor, an elephant statant 
proper, on its back a castle or, and thereon a rose, as in the arms, the trapping 
per pale gules and vert and charged with a mitre, also or. Motto — " Supera 
moras." 

[Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt, Garter Principal King of Arms, 
Walter Aston Blount, Clarenceu.x King of Arms, George E. Cokayne, Norroy 
King of Arms, June S, 1890.] 



90 




zuz^ 










BOLOGNA 



BOLIVIA 




BOLTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BOMBAY, Presidency of. No warrant assigning arms to the Presidency of Bombay 
has as yet been issued. 

BOMBAY, City of Azure, three ships under sail lateen rigged proper, a chief or, 
thereon a lion passant guardant gules, between tvvfo pallets sable, each charged 
with an ostrich feather erect argent. And for a Crest — Upon a wreath of the 
colours, a lion passant guardant gules, crowned with an eastern crown gold, 
supporting with the dexter forepaw an escutcheon or, charged with a sprig of the 
cotton-tree slipped and fruited proper. And for Supporters — On the dexter side 
a lion or, and on the sinister side a leopard proper, each gorged with an eastern 
crown, and pendent therefrom an escutcheon azure, charged with a mullet argent. 
Motto—'' Urbs Prima in Indis." 

[Arms and crest granted, September 20, 1877, and supporters, October 
2, 1877.] 

BOMBAY, See of Sable, a key in bend sinister surmounted by a crosier in saltier 
between two eastern crowns in pale or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

BOMBAY UNIVERSITY. Refer to University. 

BO'NESS. Has no arms. Those in use on the seal are "argent, on waves of the 
sea a three-masted ship in full sail, all proper." Motto — " Sine metu." 
[Of no authority.] 

BONNET MAKERS, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Argent a fesse 
between three bonnets azure impaled with or, a chevron gules between three 
woolpacks proper. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh.] 

BOOKBINDERS' GUILD (Germany). Gules, a bookbinders' press or, in chief 
a bound book of the last. Crest — an arm brandishing a hammer or mallet sable 
the handle or, vested in a sleeve gules, cuffed or, the sleeve continuing into a 
mantling of gules and or. 



92 




BOMBAY 





BOOKBINDERS' GUILD 



BOMBAY, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BOOTLE-CUM-LINACRE (Lancashire). Argent, on a chevron between three 
fleurs-de-lis azure, as many stags' heads caboshed or, on a chief sable, three mural 
crowns of the field. Crest — Upon a rock a lighthouse proper. Motto — " Respice 
aspice prospice." 

[Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt, Garter Principal King of ArmS) 
Robert Laurie, Clarenceux King of Arms, Walter Aston Blount, Norroy King of 
Arms, November 4, 1869.] 

BORDEAUX (France). Gules, on the battlements of a gateway argent, a lion 
passant or, in base a crescent of the second, a chief azure, seme-de-lis or 

BORNEO. That part of the island of Borneo which is British Territory is 
administered by the British North Borneo Company to which refer., 

BORROWSTOUNNESS. Refer to Bo'ness. 

BOSNEY (Cornwall). Burke in his "General Armory" says, "The Seal represents 
a castle with three towers embattled and domed and joined to each other by a 
circular wall, all on a mount ; in the base, water." 

BOSNIA. Gules, issuing from the sinister flank an arm embowed proper, vested 
gules and holding a sabre argent. , 



94 




BOOTLE-CUM-LINACRE 



P 4f 4b 4t 





BORDEAUX 



BOSNIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BOSTON (Lincolnshire). Sable, three coronets composed of crosses pattee and 
fleurs-de-lis in pale or. Crest — A woolpack charged with a ram couchant all 
proper. Supporters — On either side a mermaid proper, ducally crowned azure. 

The arms, crest, and supporters were allowed and confirmed, ist December 
1 568, by Robert Cook, Clarenceux King of Arms. 

BOSTON SCHOOL (Boston, Lincolnshire). Uses the arms of the town. 
[Of no authority.] 

BOTTLEMAKERS' AND HORNERS' COMPANY. This is the ancient name 
of the Homers' Company to which refer. 

BOUILLON. Refer to Liege, Bishopric of 

BOULOGNE SUR MER (France). Or, on an inescutcheon gules, between three 
torteaux, a cock argent. 

BOURNEMOUTH (Hants). Quarterly or and azure, a cross flory between a lion 
rampant, holding between the paws a rose in the first and fourth quarters, six 
marlets, two, two and two in the second, and four salmons naiant and in pale in 
the third, all counterchanged. Crest — Upon a mount vert a pine tree proper, in 
front four roses fessewise or. Motto — " Pulchritudo et salubritas." 

[Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt, Garter Principal King of Arms, 
Walter Aston Blount, Clarenceux King of Arms, George E. Cokayne, Norroy 
King of Arms, 24th March 1891.] 

BOW-STRING MAKERS. Refer to Long Bow-String Makers. 



96 




BOSTON 




BOULOGNE 




BOURNEMOUTH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BOWYERS, Worshipful Company of (London). Sable, on a chevron or, between 
three floats argent, as many mullets pierced of the first. Crest — On a wreath or 
and azure, three long-bows interlaced one erect and two in saltire gules, stringed 
or. Motto — " Crecy, Poitiers, Agincourt." Mantled, sable, furred ermine. 
[Arms and crest granted by Holme, Ciarenceux, 4 Henry VH., 1489.] 

BOZEN (Tyrol, Austria). Argent, on a fesse gules, a mullet of six points or. 

BRABANT, Province of (Belgium). Sable, a lion rampant or. 

BRABANT MERCHANTS. Refer to Flanders Merchants. 

BRACKLEY (Northamptonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The arms of Egerton 
and Stanley have, however, been appropriated and are borne quarterly, namely, 

1 and 4 argent, a lion rampant gules, between three pheons sable (for Egerton), 

2 and 3, argent, on a bend azure, three stags' heads cabossed or (for Stanley). 
Crests — I. A lion rampant gules, supporting an arrow proper, barbed and flighted 
argent (for Egerton). 2. On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, an eagle with 
wings endorsed or, standing on a child proper, swaddled gules banded argent 
(for Stanley). The arms are so given in Burke's " General Armory," and appear 
upon the seal, and the seal is duly recorded in the Visitation Books, but with the 
note added thereto — "This Seal was presented to the Corporation by John, Earl 
of Bridgwater, Lord of the Manor, soon after the Restoration." The above arms 
were of course his own, but I doubt if the entering of them as upon the seal at 
the visitation, particularly as the note above quoted was added, conferred them 
upon the Corporation. 

BRADFIELD COLLEGE. Uses a device, viz., Within a circle inscribed with 
the words, " Coll. S. Andrese. Bradfield. Berks," a saltire gules entwined by 
a scroll, thereon the motto, " Benedictus es, O Domine Doce me statuta tua." 
[Of no authority.] 

BRADFORD (Yorkshire). Per pale gules and azure, on a chevron engrailed 
between three bugle-horns stringed or, a well sable. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a boar's head (without tongue) erased or, in front of the trunk of a tree 
sprouting proper, together with the Motto — " Labor omnia vincit. Supporters — 
On the dexter side, a ram sable, horned or, and gorged with a wreath of white 
roses proper; and on the sinister side, an Angora goat argent, horned or, and 
gorged with a collar gules, thereon three roses also argent. Motto — " Labor 
omnia vincit." Badge — A ram's head caboshed argent, horned and crowned with 
a civic crown or. 

[The arms and crest were granted October 18, 1847, the supporters 
December 31, 1907, the Badge, January 31, 1908.] 



98 




BRACKLEY 



BOWYERS, COMPANY OF 




CITY OF BRADFORD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRADFORD GRAMMAR SCHOOL (Bradford, Yorks). Uses the arms of the 
City, and the motto, " Hoc age." 
[Of no authority.] 

BRANDENBURG, Province of (Prussia). Argent, an eagle displayed gules, on 
the head an electoral bonnet proper, beaked, legged and with sachsen or, the 
dexter claw holding a sceptre and the sinister a sword, charged on the breast 
with an inescutcheon azure, thereon a sceptre in pale or. 

The foregoing arms appear to be borne (a) on the breast of an eagle dis- 
played sable, crowned, beaked and legged, and with sachsen or, holding in the 
dexter claw a sceptre and in the sinister an orb proper ; or {b) surmounted by 
an electoral bonnet and supported by (dexter) a wild man wreathed about the 
head and middle with oak-leaves and supporting a club, and (sinister) a man in 
complete armour, all proper ; or (c) without the bonnet but with a crest out of a 
coronet or, a sceptre in pale of the same between two eagle's wings sable, charged 
with sachsen and seme of linden leaves or. Supporters — As before, but holding in 
their exterior hands banners — the dexter of Prussia, the sinister of Brandenburg. 

BRAUNSCHWEIG. Refer to Brunswick. 

BRAZENOSE COLLEGE, Oxford. (Founded 15 15 by William Smith, Bishop 
of Lincoln.) The escotcheon divided into three parts paleways the centre 
or, thereon an escotcheon charged with the Arms of the See of Lincoln, ensigned 
with a mitre, all proper, the dexter side argent, a chevron sable, between three 
roses gules, seeded or, barbed vert (being the Arms of the founder, William 
Smith), on the sinister side the Anns of Sir Richard Sutton, of Presbury, 
Chester, Knt., who finished the College, viz., quarterly : 1 and 4, argent, a 
chevron between three bugle-horns stringed sable (Sutton) ; 2 and 3, argent, a 
chevron between three crosses fiory sable (Samsbury). 

[Recorded in the College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of Oxford, 
1574. A visitation record of arms is in trick or colour, no verbal blazon being 
attached. The blazon above quoted is that usually adopted, but it is hardly 
correct to describe the escutcheon as divided into three parts, because the outer 
divisions are wider than the central one which latter is the width of a pale.] 

BRAZIERS' COMPANY. Refer to Armourers and Braziers. 



TOO 




'BRANDENBURG 




BRAZENOSE COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRAZIL, United Republic of. The device now used is a star surrounded by 
golden rays. Tiie five points of the star are fimbriated throughout with gules 
and or and each ray of the star is party of vert and or, i.e. of the national colours. 
The star is charged with a circular disc of azure, the disc being surrounded by a 
gilt edged blue border containing twenty silver stars for the twenty provinces. 
Within this border, likewise on a blue ground appears the constellation of the 
Southern Cross. Under the star are placed a branch of the cofi'ee-plant and 
one of the tobacco plant arranged in orle, and over these but behind the star a 
sword in pale proper, pommel and hilt or, the hilt surmounted by a blue ribbon 
which bears in gold letters the name of the Confederated State and the date of 
its establishment— viz : " Estados Unidos de Brazil — 15 de Novembre de 1889." 
[The former Arms of Brazil were established by decree iSth September 
1822, and were "a sphere upon a red cross in a field of gold within a circle of 
nineteen stars in a bordure of azure, in the lower part a dragon, symbol of the 
House of Braganza : and in the upper part a Royal Crown. A translation of 
the decree in extension appears in Berry's " Encyclopaedia of Heraldry," vol. i.] 

BRECHIN (Forfarshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
represents a saint seated beneath a canopy and supporting in his lap with his 
sinister hand a crucifix, and with the right raised in the act of benediction. 
Below is an escutcheon charged with the arms of the Lordship of Brechin, 
namely, Argent, three piles gules. The legend is " Sig. civitatis de Brechin." 
This is sometimes quoted as a coat-of-arms, namely, azure, in the porch of a 
Gothic church, its lower extremities terminating in the nombril point argent, a 
saint sitting proper, habited of the field, in base an escutcheon of the second 
charged with three piles issuing from the chief and meeting in the base point 
gules. 

BRECHIN, Lordship of Or, three piles in point gules. 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1744 and 1867.] 

BRECHIN, Bishop of According to Crockford the arms in use are " Or, three 
piles in point gules." These arms were matriculated in Lyon Register in 1744 
by Maule of Inverkeilour, and in 1867 by Knight-Erskine of Pittodrie, as part of 
their personal arms, as a quartering for the Lordship of Brechin to which the 
Arms properly appertain. Their use by the Bishop is most improper. 




BRAZIL 




r., I c 



BRECHIN, LORDSHIP OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRECKNOCKSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings, but the following are used and 
appear on the seal of the County Council, namely, quarterly i and 4 sable, a 
fesse or, between two swords, that in chief point upwards, and that in base point 
downwards proper ; 2 and 3 or, three eagles displayed „„„„., [In an article on 
the County Council Seals in the County and Local and Government Magazine, 
by Allan VVyon, these are termed rere-mice (bats)]. Motto — " Undeb hedd 
llwyddiant " (Unity, peace, prosperity). 

BRECKNOCK or BRECON, Borough of (Brecknockshire). Has no arms. But 
T. Dineley assigns arms in his " Notitia Cambro-Britannica — a Voyage of North 
and South Wales " now known as " The Beaufort Progress " in the year 1684, 
and blazons these arms " Diamond, a mantle of estate or robe ruby, double 
ermine, ouched Topaz garnished with strings fastened thereto fretwayes 
dependent and tasselled of the same." In other words "sable, a robe of estate 
gules, lined ermine with strings tied and tasselled or." 

This device is more frequently in use as a badge than as a charge upon a 
shield. The mantle is sometimes represented azure. 

BREGENZ, County of. Azure, a pale ermine. 

BREMEN (Germany). Gules, a key in bend wards upwards in chief argent. 
Mantling — Gules and argent. Crest — Out of a coronet or, a demi-lion proper 
holding in his paws a key in pale wards upwards argent. Supporters — Two lions 
rampant regardant proper. 

BRENTFORD (Middlesex). Has not yet obtained arms. 



X04 





BRECON 



BREGENZ, COUNTY OF 




BREMEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRESLAU (Province of Silesia, Prussia). Quarterly: i, gules, a lion rampant 
argent (Bohemia) ; 2, Silesia ; 3, or, a W sable (Wratislavia) ; 4, gules, issuing 
from a reversed coronet the bust of St John the Evangelist (supposed to have 
been originally the bust of St Dorothea, and over all the symbol of St John the 
Baptist — viz. : the head proper in a charger argent). Mantling — Gules and argent. 
Crest — Between two flags barry of gules and argent, and issuing from a coronet 
the bust of St John the Evangelist. 
[Granted 1530.] 

BREWERS, Worshipful Company of London. (Incorporated 1445.) Gules, on a 
chevron argent, between three pairs of barley garbs saltirewise banded proper, 
as many tuns sable, hooped or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dcmi- 
Moorish woman couped at the knees proper, her hair dishevelled or, habited sable, 
fretty argent, her arms extended holding in each hand three ears of barley of 
the second. Motto — " In God is all our trust." 

[Granted by Hawkesley, Clarenceux, 23rd July 1468. Confirmed and 
augmented 35th, Henry VIII.] 

BREWERS' CORPORATION OF DUBLIN. Per chevron azure and or, in chief 
a malt-shovel erect between two garbs and in base a tun, all counter-changed. 
Crest — A castle or. Stipporters — Dexter, a female figure representing " Harvest " ; 
sinister, a like figure representing " Plenty," both vested and wreathed about the 
temples, the dexter holding in her dexter hand over her shoulder three ears of 
wheat, and the sinister holding in her exterior hound a cornucopia, therefrom 
issuing flowers. Motto — " In God is all our trust." 

[Granted by Richard Carney, Ulster, 7th September 1697.] 

BREWERS (Exeter). Used the same arms as the Brewers' Company of London. 
[No authority.] 

BRICKLAYERS' COMPANY. Refer to Tylers and Bricklayers. 

BRICKLAYERS AND PLASTERERS, Company of, of the City of 
Dublin. Quarterly : two Coates, the first is azure, a flower de luce or, 
betweene a brick axe and a mason's line in cheife and trowell in base argent, the 
second or, on a chevron gules betweene a hamer and trowell in cheife a brush 
in base proper, a flower de luce of the first betweene two Roses argent, the third 
as the second and the fourth as the first. Crest — A castle with two towers 
parted per pale gules and argent, out of the first an arme holding a brick axe 
proper, out of the second an arme holding a lathing hamer, and supported with 
two Geomitritions proper, with this motto, " Lahore et virtute gloria." 

[Granted by Richard St George, Ulster King of Arms, April 16, 1671.] 



106 




BRESLAU 




BREWERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRICKLAYERS AND TILERS (Gateshead). Azure, a chevron or, in chief a 
fleur-de-lis argent, between two brici< axes paleways of the second, in base a bundle 
of laths of the same. Crest — A dexter arm embowed vested per pale or and gules, 
cuffed argent, holding in the hand proper a brick-axe or. Motto — " In God is all 
our trust." 

[Of no authority. Taken from Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 

BRICKMAKERS' COMPANY (London). Refer to Bricklayers' or Tylers' 
Company. 

BRIDEWELL HOSPITAL (London). Argent, a cross and in the first quarter 
a sword erect gules, on a chief azure, a rose argent, between two fleurs-de-lis or. 
[Of no authority.] 

BRIDGE OF ALLAN. Has no arms, and its seal is not heraldic. 

BRIDGNORTH (Shropshire). Has no armorial bearings. Two seals are recorded 
in the visitation books of the College of Arms, one showing simply issuing from 
battlements an embattled gateway with portcullis surmounted by three towers, 
the centre one taller than the others and triple-towered, all within the legend 
" Sigill. communitatis de Bruges." The other seal shows upon a mount (or this 
may be intended to represent waves) an embattled gateway with portcullis, and 
rising in the centre from the battlements a tower pyramidically domed, on the 
dexter side of the tower an escutcheon of St George and on the sinister side an 
escutcheon of France and England quarterly : all within the legend " Sigillum 
officij ballivor libertatis ville de bruges." The device upon this last seal, though 
in this case the castle is plainly on a mount, is usually used as the arms of the 
town, with the Motto " Fidelitas urbis salus Regis," which of course refers to the 
part played by the town in the Civil Wars. Burke and Berry, whilst both giving 
a note saying that the seal [evidently referring to the former of the two] shows 
a castle only, quote a coat, " Azure, a castle argent, a canton of the last." How 
this originated one is at a loss to understand, and the editor can answer from 
considerable personal knowledge of the town that such a coat is never made 
use of. 

In the visitation books rather an interesting note is added to the drawings 
of the seals, as follows : — " These arc the scales now used by towne of Bruges 
in the countie of Salop aunciently so called, but of late times corruptly nomi- 
nated Bruge-north or Brugge-north, when indeed that attribute of North ought 
to be Morfe, as standing upon the side of the forest of Morfe in the said 
countie." 



108 






Did 




BRIDEWELL HOSPITAL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRIDGWATER (Somersetshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal repre- 
sents a castle upon a bridge, within the legend " Sigillum Maioris et ballorum 
burgi ac villae de Bridgwater." 

Burke, in his " General Armory," however, ascribes arms to the town as 
follows : — 

" Bridgewater, Town of, (Somersetshire). — Gu. a castle with three towers 
an, the dexter and sinister tower domed, the castle standing on a bridge in 
base over a river, all ppr., on the dexter side of the centre tower an estoile, 
and on the sinister a fleur-de-lis, both or. The Corporation Seal is very ancient, 
and represents a castle surmounted by two others placed pyramidically and 
embattled. The castle stands on a bridge of Gothic work, with water under- 
neath ; on each side of the first castle a domed tower surmounted with a ball, 
the grand entrance portcullised at the top, and against the door a man's 
head couped close in chief, on the dexter side an estoile, on the sinister a 
fleur-de-lis. 

" Bridgwater, Town of (Somerset). — Ar. an arch of a bridge, extended and 
triple-towered gu. in base water with three ships therein, all ppr." 

Debrett gives Burke's first selection. 

BRIDPORT (Dorsetshire). Gules, a castle with two towers argent, over each a 
fleur-de-lis or, in chief a lion passant guardant, crowned of the last, the base 
barry wavy of eight of the second and azure : in the portway three. . . . 
Recorded in the College of Arms. 

BRIGHOUSE (Yorkshire). Or, on a pale sable, between in chief two roses gules, 
barbed and seeded proper, and in base two crescents of the second, a lion rampant 
of the field. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon the battle- 
ments of a tower argent, charged with two crescents fessewise sable, a leopard's 
face of the first, between two roses gules, barbed, slipped and seeded proper. 
Motto — " Lahore et prudentia." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1894.] 

BRIGHTON, Borough of (Sussex). Argent, two dolphins naiant sable, a bordure 
azure, charged with si.x martlets or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, two 
dolphins in saltire, heads downwards, sable, between as many branches of coral 
gules. Motto—" In Deo fidemus." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 14th April 1897.] 




BRIDPORT (DORSETSHIRE) 





BRIGHTON 



BRIGHOUSE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRISBANE, See of (Australia). Azure, the figure of our Saviour as the Good 
Shepherd proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

BRISBANE. Refer to Emmanuel College. 

BRISTOL (Gloucestershire). Gules, on the sinister side, a castle with two towers 
domed all argent, on each dome a banner charged with the cross of St George, 
the castle on a mount vert, the dexter base water proper, thereon a ship of three 
masts or, sailing from a port in the dexter tower, her fore and main masts being 
visible sable, the rigging of the last, and on each a round top of the fifth, on the 
foremast a sail set, and on the main-mast a sail furled of the second. And for a 
Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, two arms embowed and interlaced in 
saltire, issuing from clouds, the dexter hand holding a snake all proper, and the 
sinister holding a pair of scales or. Supporters — On either side, on a mount vert, 
a unicorn sejant or, armed, maned and unguled sable. Motto — "Virtute et 
industria." 

Berry and Burke blazon the arms, gules on the sinister side, a castle with 
two towers domed, on each a pennon all argent, the castle on a mount in the 
sinister base vert, the dexter base barry wavy of six argent and azure, thereon a 
ship with three masts, sailing from behind the castle or, the fore and main mass 
in sight sable on each two sails of the second. Crest — On a wreath two arms 
embowed and interlaced in saltire issuing from clouds all proper, in the dexter 
a snake vert, in the sinister a pair of scales or balance, or. Suppoi-ters — Two 
unicorns sejant or, on a mount vert, maned and armed sable. Motto — " Virtute 
et industria." 

But Berry gives a note : — " The above blazon is taken from a drawing sent 
by the Corporation. This drawing differs in the following particulars from that 
of the Arms, Supporters, etc., of the city of Bristol as entered in the Visitation 
of the County of Gloucester, taken in 1623, viz. — In the Visitation Book, the 
dexter base is water ppr., in the tower near the centre is a large port, from 
whence the ship is sailing, and on each tower is a banner ar. charged with 
Cross of St George gu." 

Mr L. Acland Taylor, Librarian of the Bristol Museum and Reference 
Library, writes me (i8th November 1898) : 

" I am interested in tracing the earliest representation of the Bristol City 
Arms, and in accounting for the various representations of the same as used in 
this city. I have had some correspondence on the subject with the Heralds' 
College and have obtained from this source a sketch showing a ship coming out of 
a tower so similar to the illustration given in your work, 'The Book of Public 
Arms,' the difference being but slight, and in minor details. 

" In addition to this sketch I have a painting certified by Mr Ambrose Lee, 
Bluemantle, which is stated to be taken from the earliest representation in the 
College records. This painting differs materially from the sketch inasmuch as 
the ship is sailing from between two towers, as it might naturally be expected it 

112 




BRISBANE, SEE OF 




^O/i., 



:r. ) 



BRISTOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

would do. Mr Lee in a communication to me on the subject suggests an ex- 
planation for the differences in recorded blazons by the fact that the ' actual 
Grant does not exist, nor any copy of the blazon, hence the exact terms of such 
blazon cannot be known, and can only be approximately deduced from the 
various authentic representations of the Arms in existence.' Mr Lee con- 
tinues : — ' At the time of the Heralds' Visitation the City Authorities would 
have produced their authority for the use of the Arms, but what form this 
" authority " or proof took, we do not at the present time know. Anyhow it 
was sufficient and the arms were duly entered, probably from a copy of the 
original arms in the possession of the Corporation, thus a copy of a copy became 
recorded here, with some slight variations reproduced in each subsequent repro- 
duction.' Mr Lee continues ' from a heraldic point of view any one of the five 
or six representations of the Bristol Arms which occur in the records here, 
tho' differing in details are equally right, but from an antiquarian point of view 
the oldest representation (that in the painting sent) which embodies most clearly 
the idea present in each of them, but more or less obscured in the later repre- 
sentations, viz. that of a city which is a port, out of which vessels proceed, and 
not (as in the stamp on your letter) a castle with half a ship seen on the sea 
behind \t; for this latter representation no authority exists here.'" 

BRISTOL, See of. Sable, three ducal crowns in pale or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

BRISTOL, Dean of. Sable [but ? azure], three open crowns in pale or. 
[Of no authority.] 

BRISTOL, University of. Refer to University of Bristol. 

BRISTOL, Queen Elizabeth's Hospital. Refer to Queen Elizabeth's Hospital. 



114 




BRISTOL, SEE OF 




BRISTOL, DEAN OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRISTOL MERCHANTS ADVENTURERS, Society of. Barry wavy of eight 
argent and azure, on a bend or, a dragon passant with wings indorsed and tail 
extended vert, on achief gules, a lion passant guardant of the third, between two 
bezants. Crest — In a ducal coronet or, a main-mast of the last with pennon 
flying argent, charged with a cross gules, on the round top a man in armour 
proper, on his dexter arm a truncheon, his sinister hand supporting a carved 
shield of the second, from the round top six pike staves, three on each side 
issuing bendways of the first, the rigging from the round top to the coronet sable. 
Supporters — The dexter, a mermaid in the sea, all proper crined or, the middle fins 
at the joining of the bodies of the last, holding in her sinister hand a mirror of the 
first, and supporting with her dexter hand an anchor of the second, cabled 
proper: the sinister supporter, a winged satyr proper standing on a mount v^rt, 
winged and legged or, holding in his sinister hand a scythe the blade in base, 
all proper. Motto — Indocilis pauperiem pati. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

BRITISH AMERICAN LAND COMPANY. Argent, on a saltire azure, between 
an oak-tree eradicated in chief, two bee-hives in fess and a ship under sail in 
base all proper, a cornucopia gold, a chief ermine, thereon a lion passant 
guardant or, between a thistle slipped also proper and a harp also gold. Crest 
— A plough proper in front of a garb or. Supporters — (Dexter) a woodman 
habited proper holding in the exterior hand an axe also proper, (sinister) a 
reaper habited proper holding in the exterior hand a sickle also proper. Motto 
— " Neu segnes jaceant terrse." 

[Heralds' College, Gts. xl. 115, 117.] 

BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA PROTECTORATE. No warrant has been 
issued assigning arms, but the Admiralty publish as the device of the Governor 
to be placed upon the Union flag a disc tierced in bend sinister or, argent and 
sable, over all a tree proper. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA, Province of (Dominion of Canada). Argent, three 
bars wavy azure, issuant from the base a demi-sun in splendour proper, on a 
chief the Union device charged in the centre point with an antique crown or. 
Motto — " Splendor sine occasu." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 31st March 1906.] 



116 




BRISTOL MERCHANTS ADVENTURERS 




BRITISH COLUMBIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRITISH EAST AFRICA. No warrant has been issued assigning arms, but the 
Admiralty publish as the device of the Governor to be placed on the Union 
Flag a white disc charged with a lion rampant gules. 

BRITISH GUIANA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to British 
Guiana. The device published by the Admiralty is a ship on the sea in full sail, 
with the motto " Damns petimusque vicissim." 

BRITISH HONDURAS. Per chevron and in chief per pale argent, or and azure, 
in the dexter chief a squaring axe in bend sinister surmounted by a paddle in 
bend ; on the sinister chief a beating axe in bend surmounted by a saw in bend 
sinister ; and in base on waves of the sea a ship in full sail all proper, and a 
canton of the Union device. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a mahogany 
tree proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a negro proper, breeches argent, holding over 
his shoulder in his dexter hand a beating axe as in the arms, (sinister) a like 
negro holding over his shoulder in his sinister hand a paddle as in the arms. 
Motto — " Sub umbra floreo." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 2Sth January 1907.] 

BRITISH NEW GUINEA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued 
to- British New Guinea. 

BRITISH NORTH BORNEO COMPANY. Azure, in base on waves of the sea 
a native boat of North Borneo with sails manned and oars in action proper, a 
chief or, thereon a lion passant guardant gules. Crest — Upon a wreath of the 
colours, two arms embowed, that on the dexter side being an arm of a native of 
North Borneo proper, that on the sinister being an arm vested azure, cuffed 
argent, the hands grasping a staff proper thereon hoisted a flag flowing to the 
sinister or, charged with a lion guardant gules. Supporters — On either side a 
Dyak of North Borneo, that on the dexter supporting with his exterior hand 
a native shield and that on the sinister supporting in his exterior hand a native 
sword point downwards all proper. Motto — " Pergo et perago." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 20th and 21st July 1882. The Governor of 
Sabah (British North Borneo Company) flies a yellow flag with an orange border 
charged with a lion rampant gules.] 



118 




BRITISH HONDURAS 




BRITISH NORTH BORNEO COMPANY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY. Gules, per fesse bezanty and semee of 
ears of wheat or, on a fesse wavy argent between two bulls statant in chief and 
an elephant in base all proper three lymphads with oars sable. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a lion passant guardant or, supporting with the dexter 
fore paw an elephant's tusk erect proper. Supporters — On either side a spring- 
bok proper. 

[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

BRITISH WEST AFRICA. Refer to Gambia, Gold Coast Colony, Sierra Leone, 
Lagos, Northern Nigeria. 

BRIXEN, Principality of Gules, a paschal lamb proper, the diadem or. 




BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY 




BRIXEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRODERERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 25th October 
1 561). Paly of six argent and azure, on a fesse gules between three lions of 
England passant guardant or, two broches saltirewise between as many 
trundles {i.e. quills of gold thread) or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours the Holy 
Dove displayed argent, radiated or. Supporters — Two lions or, guttc de sang. 
Motto—" Omnia De super." 

[Granted 17th August 155S. Grant printed " Misc. Gen. et Her.," i. 1S3.] 

BRODERERS. Refer to Embroiderers. 

BROMLEY, Borough of (Kent). Quarterly gules and azure, on a fesse wavy 
argent, three ravens volant proper, between in the first quarter two branches of 
broom slipped of the third, in the second a sun in splendour, in the third an 
escallop shell or, and in the fourth a horse forcene also argent. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, upon two bars wavy azure and a gent, an escallop shell as in the 
arms, between two branches of broom proper. Motto — " Dum cresco spero." 
[Granted, College of Arms, igth April 1904.] 

BROMSGROVE SCHOOL. Argent, two chevronels, between six martlets gules, 
an inescutcheon of Ulster. Motto — " Deo vicino rege." 

[Of no authority, being the arms of Sir Thomas Cookes, Bart., the founder.] 

BROUGHTY FERRY (Co. Forfar). Has no arms, and its seal is not heraldic. 




BRODERERS, COMPANY OF 





BROMSGROVE SCHOOL 



BROMLEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BROWN-BAKERS COMPANY (London). (Incorporated 9th June 1621.) Vert, 
a chevron quarterly or and gules, between three garbs gold, on a chief barry 
wavy of six argent and azure, an anchor lying fesseways or, the beam and ring 
to the sinister, from the bottom of the chief a hand issuing from clouds all 
proper holding a pair of scales which are on the chevron or. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, an arm embowed vested quarterly or and gules, cuff 
argent, holding erect in the hand proper a garb gold. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

BRUGES (Belgium). Barry of eight argent and gules, a lion rampant azure, 
crowned and collared or. 

BRUNSWICK (Germany). Argent, a battlemented wall issuing in base, above 
the battlements within an open gateway issuing therefrom all proper, a lion 
rampant gules. 

BRUNSWICK, Duchy of Quarterly: i or, semeof hearts gules, a lion rampant azure 
(Luneberg), 2 gules, two lions passant guardant in pale or (Brunswick), 3 azure, 
a lion rampant argent, crowned gules (Everstein), 4 gules, a lion rampant or 
within a bordure compony argent and azure (Homburg), 5 or, a lion rampant 
gules, crowned azure, 6 gules, three bars and in chief a lion passant or, 7 per fess 
in chief or, two bears' paws sable (Hoya), in base per fesse in chief barry of four 
gules and argent (New Bruchhausen), the base gyronny of eight argent and 
azure (Old Bruchhausen), 8 azure, an eagle displayed argent, armed gules, 
(Diepholz), 9 barry of four argent and gules, a pale counter-changed (Hohnstein), 
10 argent, a stag's attire gules (Reinstein), 11 argent, a stag trippant sable 
(Klestenberg), 12 argent, a stag's attire sable (Blankenburg). Supporters — Two 
savages, each supporting a club and wreathed about the head and middle with 
leaves. Motto — " Nee aspera terrent." 



134 





BRUGES 



BRUNSWICK 




BRUNSWICK, DUCHY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BRUSSELS (Belgium). Gules, St Michael or, overthrowing the devil sable. 
Upon the escutcheon is placed a coronet of pearls and behind the shield which 
is supported by two lions or, standing on a natural compartment vert, two lances 
in saltire or, on each a flag fringed of the last, the dexter charged with the arms 
of Brabant (sable a lion rampant or) and the sinister with the same arms of 
Brussels. 

BUCCLEUCH, Duke of. Refer to Granton, Port and Harbour of. 

BUCHAREST (Roumania). Tierced in fess azure, or and gules, on a mount in base 

vert a representation of St habited proper, holding over his dexter shoulder 

a cross or, and supporting with his sinister hand a javelin also proper, headed 
argent. Motto — " Patria sidreptul men." 

BUCKHAVEN. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

BUCKIE (Banffshire). Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. But upon a coloured sheet 
of the armorial bearings of the Counties of England and Wales it is credited 
with something or other suggested by the arms of the town of Buckingham, 
which appear to be generally used, and to which refer. 

BUCKINGHAM (Buckinghamshire). Party per pale sable and gules, a swan with 
wings expanded and inverted argent, ducally gorged or. 

The swan is almost universally quoted as chained, but it does not so appear 
in the visitation books, though Vincent gives it with the chain. Moreover, the 
colours are usually quoted gules and sable, and the swan is shown with the wings 
endorsed. 



126 




BRUSSELS 





BUCKINGHAM 



BUCHAREST 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BUDA-PEST (Hungary). Gules, a fesse wavy argent between towers with a domed 
turret in chief and a castle triple-towered, each tower domed, in base or. 

BULGARIA. Azure, on a bend gules, bordered and cotised argent, a wolf passant 
gules. 

[These are the arms of Bulgaria, as formerly borne by Austria. As an 
independent State different arms have been adopted.] 

BULGARIA, Kingdom of. Gules, a lion rampant crowned or. Supporters — On 
either side a lion rampant guardant queue-fourchcje supporting a tilting-spear or, 
and flying therefrom to the exterior a banner tierced in fess argent, vert and 
gules. 

BUNBURY, See of. Argent, two swords in saltire proper, points upwards, a chief 
per pale azure and gules, on the dexter side four stars, on the sinister a three- 
masted ship. 

[Of no authority.] 

BURFORD (Oxfordshire). A drawing appears in the visitation books at the 
College of Arms of a lion rampant guardant, but it is difficult to say whether it 
be a seal or a coat-of-arms. It has no tinctures, but likewise no legend. 

BURGHEAD. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 



128 







BUDA-PEST 




BUNBURY, SEE OF 




BULGARIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS . 

BURMA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Burma, but the 
following arms are in general use : — " Or, a peacock in his pride proper." 
[They are quite unauthorised.] 

BURNLEY (Lancashire). Or, a chevron engrailed gules, between in chief two fusils 
and in base a lion rampant sable, a chief wavy of the last, thereon a dexter hand 
erect couped at the wrist argent, between two bees volant of the first. Crest 
— On a wreath of the colours, upon a mount vert, a stork argent, beaked and 
membered gules, holding in the dexter foot a stone, and in the beak a cotton- 
flower slipped both proper. Motto — " Pretiumque et causa laboris." 
[Granted 1862.] 

BURNLEY, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

BURNTISLAND (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any arms. The seal at 
present in use represents a three-masted ship with sails furled upon waves of the 
sea. The legend is " Sigillum burgi de Burntisland." This is sometimes quoted 
as a coat-of-arms, with the field azure and the ship argent. Another seal 
represents a fish within the legend " Success to the Herring Fishing." 

BURSLEM (Staffordshire). Quarterly or and gules, a cross parted and fretty 
counterchanged between a Portland vase proper in the first and fourth quarters, 
a scythe the handle of the first, the blade proper in the second, and a fret couped 
argent in the third. And for a Crest — On a wreath of the colours in front of a 
garb or, a fleur-de-lis gules between two branches of laurel in orle proper. Motto 
— " Ready." 

[Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms, Robert Laurie, Esquire, Clarenceux King of Arms, Walter Ashton 
Blount, Norroy King of Arms, 8th October 1878.] 



13° 




BURMA 





BURNLEY 



BURSLEM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BURTON-ON-TRENT (Staffordshire). Has no arms. Those claimed for the 
town and given in Burke's "General Armory" and in Debrett's "House of 
Commons " are " Barry wavy of six argent and azure, on a chief gules an eagle 
displayed between two fleurs-de-lis or." Upon the Corporation notepaper a 
motto is added, namely, " Honor alit artes," but the arms are there engraved 
" Azure three bars wavy argent, on a chief gules, etc., etc." This of course is 
colour upon colour and a breach of heraldic law. The escutcheon is also 
surmounted by a mural coronet, borne after the manner of a coronet of rank. 
This is a piece of absurdity which cannot be too highly deprecated. In some 
MS. collections in the College of Arms, which, not being Records, are not 
considered authoritative, a coat is given for Burton, namely, " Barry wavy of 
eight argent and azure, on a chief gules a peacock in his pride proper, between 
two fleurs-de-lys or," but this, which is almost identical with the coat of 
Newark, has never been officially recognised as of any authority. The Town- 
Clerk, writing to the editor, adds, " The Seal docs not represent the arms of the 
Borough, as the Town Council did not care to go to the expense of taking them 
out." Apparently Burton does not rise to the occasion. Can't somebody get 
up a subscription ? 

BURY (Lancashire). Quarterly argent and azure, a cross party and fretty counter- 
changed between an anvil sable in the first quarter, a fleece or in the second, two 
shuttles in saltire threads pendant proper in the third, and three culms of tlie 
papyrus plant issuing from a mount also proper in the fourth. Crest — Upon a 
mount a bee volant, between two flowers of the cotton-tree slipped all proper 
Motto — " Vincit omnia industria." 

[Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt., Garter Principal King of .\rms, 
Robert Laurie, Clarenceux King of Arms, Walter Aston Blount, Norroy King of 
Arms, 28th February 1877.] 

BURY, Accountants' Institute of. Arms are given for this Society in Burke's 
" General Armory." This is presumably an error, as the arms quoted are those 
of the town of Bury. 

BURY-ST-EDMUNDS (Suffolk). Azure, three pairs of arrows in saltire or, each 
pair enfiled with a ducal coronet of the last. Crest — On a wreath of the colours 
a wolf sejant proper, and resting upon the wreath between its paws tlie head of 
a man, couped at the neck of the last, ducally crowned or. Recorded in the 
College of Arms. [Grant dated 29th Nov. 1609. See Catalogue of Heraldic 
Exhibition, 71.] Motto — " Sacrarium regis cunabula legis." The seal simply 
shows the crest, but the wolf is there placed in a peculiar position, neither sejant 
nor couchant, and holding the head in the de.xter forepaw apparent!)' b)' the 
hair. 




BURTON-ON-TRENT 





BURY-ST-EDMUNDS 



BURY (LANCASHIRE) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

BUTCHERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 1 6th September 
1605.) Azure, two pole-axes in saltire or blades inwards argent, between two 
bull's heads couped in fesse of the last, on a chief argent, a boar's head couped 
gules between two block brushes {i.e. bunches of holly) vert. C7rst — On a 
wreath of the colours, a winged bull argent, the horns, tip of the tail and 
wings addorsed or, and about the head a nimbus proper. Supporters — On 
either side a winged bull argent, winged, armed and unguled or, and over each 
head a nimbus proper. Motto — " Omnia subjecisti sub pedibus, oves et boves." 
[The arms and crest were granted, College of Arms, 7th February 1540. 
There is, however, no authority for the supporters.] 

BUTCHERS, Incorporation of (Aberdeen). Gules, three fleshers' knives fessways 
in pale, and on the dexter side an axe paleways, edge towards the sinister, 
all the blades proper, and hafted argent, in the middle chief a tower triple- 
towered of Aberdeen. Motto — " Virtute vivo. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, isth May 1682.] 

BUTCHERS, CORPORATION OF (Dublin). Gules, two axes in saltire argent 
between in chief a bull's head couped or, in base a garb of the last and in the 
flanks two boars' heads couped close argent, in the centre fesse point, on an 
escutcheon or, a portcullis sable. Crest — A cubit arm vested argent, the hand 
proper holding an axe or. Supporters — Two bulls or. Jllotto — " Vita; mors nobis." 
[Granted by Carney, Ulster King of Arms, 1657.] 

BUTCHERS (Exeter). Used the same Arms, Motto and Supporters as the 
Butchers' Company, London. 
[No authority.] 

BUTCHERS. Refer to Fleshers. 

BUTESHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Those which have been invented and 
are used b)' the county are very similar to the arms used by the town of 
Rothesay, and are party per pale, the dexter side party per fesse gules and 
argent in chief three cinquefoils two and one, and in base a lymphad ; the sinister 
side or, a fesse chequy azure and argent. 

CAICOS ISLANDS. Refer to Turk's and Caicos Islands. 

CAITHNESS. Azure, a ship under sail or. 

[This coat is borne for Caithness by the Earls of Caithness and some other 
members of the Sinclair familj-.] 



134 




BUTCHERS, COMPANY OF 




U B L I C ) 

bra\:> 



i/r,r.Ar.'-y 



CAITHNESS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CAITHNESS, County of. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council exhibits the crest (a cock proper) and the Motto ("Commit thy work to 
God ") of the Earl of Caithness. The arms of the old Earldom of Caithness, 
which form a part of Lord Caithness's achievement, are " Azure a ship under 
sail or." 

CAITHNESS, See of Azure, a crown of thorns or, between three crosses of St 
Andrew couped proper. 

[Even Woodward stigmatises this coat as a modern assumption, and he 
seldom so criticises, so that it must be very spurious.] 

CAITHNESS. Refer to Moray, Ross and Caithness, Bishop of 

CAIUS COLLEGE. See Gonville and Caius College. 

CALABRIA, Duchy of. Sable, a cross argent (or, " argent, a cross potent sable " ). 

CALAIS (France). Per pale (dexter) sable, on a cross between four keys or, wards 
upwards and to the dexter, a fleur-de-lis gules ; impaling (sinister) barry wavy 
argent and sable, a lion rampant or. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

CALCUTTA, City of. Per chevron or and sable, a lion passant guardant gules 
between two palm-trees eradicated in chief vert, and a ship under sail in base 
argent. Crest — Issuant out of an Eastern Crown, a sea-lion holding in the 
dexter paw a lotus-flower leaved and slipped proper. Supporters — On either 
side a representation of an adjutant bird holding in the beak a serpent proper, 
charged on the shoulder with an Eastern Crown or. Motto — " Per ardua stabilis 
esto." 

[Granted by two patents, both dated 26th December 1S96.] 



136 




CAITHNESS, SEE OF 




CALAIS 




CALCUTTA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CALCUTTA, See of. Per fesse indented ermine and gules, a crosier in bend or, 
headed argent surmounted of an open book proper in base, two palm branches 
in saltire vert, surmounted of a mitre gold in chief. 
[Granted 1814, College of Arms, Gts. 28, 204.] 

CALEDONIA, "The Colony intended to be established in America by the 
Indian and African Company of this Kingdom." Azure, on a saltire argent, 
between a ship under sail flagged of Scotland in chief proper, a Peruvian 
sheep in base, a camel on the dexter and an elephant on the sinister (proper), 
the first two of these loaded, the last bearing a turret argent, over all an 
escutcheon gules, charged with a thistle-head crowned or, the shield being 
adorned and surrounded with two thistles issuing disposed in orle and crossing 
each other at foot and top, with this motto in an escroll above — " Materna 
muniunt arma." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 15th April 1698.] 

CALEDONIA, See of, Canada. Azure, a saltire argent, surmounted by a pastoral 
staff or, over all in the fess point an open book proper ; on a chief barry wavy 
of the first and second a salmon naiant proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

CALGARY, See of, Canada. Argent, a cross gules between four beavers proper, 
on a chief wavy azure, a key in bend and a crosier in bend sinister saltireways, 
surmounted by an open book all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

CALLANDER. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. Motto — " Benledi saw 
the cross of fire." 

CALNE (or Cawne, Wiltshire). (Sable), a tower towered and domed (argent) 
between two feathers (of the last) each feather in an escrol (or), and a like feather 
in the gateway of the tower. 

Recorded at the Visitation, but the entry in the books thereof at the College 
shows no tinctures. 



13S 




CALCUTTA, SEE OF 



CALEDONIA, SEE OF 





CALNE 



CALGARY, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CAMBERWELL, Borough of (London). Quarterly gules and argent, a cross 
quarterly between a well in the first and fourth quarters, a chevron couped between 
three cinquefoils in the second and a lion rampant in the third all counter-changed. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a crosier erect gules, a hind 
lodged argent, guttee-de-sang and pierced through the neck with an arrow 
fessewise sable. Motto—'' All's well." 

[Granted 7th May igoi.] 

The second quarter is, of course, taken from the arms used by Duhvich 
School, in reality those of John Alleyne, its founder. 

CAMBRIDGESHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. Azure, a bend wavy and a double 
tressure flory counterflory, both or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a castle 
charged with an open helmet, both proper. Supporters— On either side a great 
bustard proper. 

[Granted, College of Arms, 17th June 1914.] 

CAMBRIDGE (Cambridgeshire). Gules, a bridge throughout fesseways surmounted 
by three towers, in chief a fleur-de-lis or, between two roses argent, the base 
barry wavy argent and azure, thereon three ships each with one mast and 
yardarm and sail furled sable. Crest — On a mount vert, a bridge (?) argent. 
Supporters — On either side a sea-horse, the upper part gules, the lower part 
proper finned or. 

In the Visitation of the Country in the year 16S4 it is stated that 
the arms, crest, and supporters were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux 
King of Arms, June 7, 1575. The record retained in the College of Arms of 
the said grant starts " A creast with Supporters confirmed to the auncient armes 
of the Towne & broughe of Cambridge," blazons the achievement as follows, 
" Gules a bridge in chief a flower de luce gold between two roses silver on a 
poynt wave three botes sables the creast on a mounte verte a bridge silver. The 
Supporters two neptunes horses, the upper part gules, the nether part proper 
fyned gold." 

The drawing of the Crest, of which the illustration is an exact representation, 
is not very like a bridge. Burke in his "General Armory" makes several 
mistakes in blazoning the arms. 

CAMBRIDGE, University of. See University of Cambridge. 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY. Refer to the University of Cambridge, and to the 
several colleges, viz. : — Ayerst Hall, Cavendish, Christ, Clare Hall, Corpus 
Christi, Downing, Emmanuel, Gonville and Caius, Jesus, King's, King's Hall, 
Magdalen, Michael House, Pembroke Hall, Peterhouse, Queens', St Catherine's 
Hall, St John's, Sidney and Sussex, Selwyn, Trinity, Trinity Hall ; and refer 
to University Library and Regius Professors sub Cambridge. 

140 




CAMBERWELL 




COUNTY COUNCIL OF CAMBRIDGE 




CAMBRIDGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY, Regius Professors. B>' a grant dated 13th 
November 1590, Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, granted " to the five ' readers' arms 
and crests which the said lecturers and professors might give and beare 
lawfully to them and their successors in like place and office for ever." This 
grant is printed in extcnso in the Genealogical Magazine, July iSg8, Voi. ii., 
p. 125. The original grant, which is still in the possession of the University of 
Cambridge, was exhibited at the Heraldic Exhibition in London in i>S94. The 
arms granted were as follows : — 
To the Phisicke Reader : 

Azure, a fesse ermines, between three lozenges gold, on a chief gules, a 
lyon guardant gold marked in his syde with this letter M sable. Crest— On a 
wreath gold and azure, a Quinquangle silver called simbolum sanitatis. 
To the Lawe Reader : 

Purple, a cross moline gold, on a chief gules, a lyon passant gardant gold 
marked on his side with this letter L sable. Crest — On a wreath purple and 
gold a bee volant gold. 
To the Divinity Reader : 

Gules, on a cross ermine, between four doves silver, a book of the first leaves 
gold clasped, vested in the midst with this Greek letter Q (Theta) sable. Crest 
— On a wreath silver and gules, a dove volant silver with an olive branch vert in 
his beak. 
To the Hebrew Reader: 

Silver, the Hebrew letter n (Tawe) sable, on a chief gules a lyon passant 
guardant gold marked in his syde with this letter H sable. Crest — On a wreath 
silver and sable a turtle dove azure. 
To the Greek Reader : 

Party per chevron silver and sable, in the first these two Greek letters 
A (Alpha) and Q, (Omega) sable, and in the second a cicade or grasshopper silver, 
on a chief gules, a lyon passant guardant gold, marked in his side with this 
letter G sable. Crest — On a wreath silver and sable an owl silver, legs, beak 
and ears gold. 

All the helmets are said to be manteled gules, doubled silver. 

Refer to Philosophy School. 



142 




CAMB. UNIV. PHISICKE READER 




CAMB. UNIV. LAWE READER 





U D L I G ) 



CAMB. UNIV. DIVINITY READER 



CAMB. UNIV. HEBREV/ READER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CAMELFORD (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. Berry gives, Argent, a 
camel passing through a ford of water all proper. 

CAMPBELTOWN (Argyllshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal shows an escutcheon quarterly of four. In the first quarter is a tower 
on a mount, the second is gyronny of eight or and sable, in the third quarter is 
a lymphad, and in the fourth a fret. (The second and third quarter are 
evidently taken from the arms of Campbell, Dukes of Argyll.) The Motto 
surrounding the escutcheon is " Ignavis precibus fortuna repugnat," and the 
Legend, " Sigillum comune burgi de Campbeltn." 

CANADA, Dominion of. Consequent upon the formation of the Dominion of 
Canada in 1S67 a Royal Warrant was issued in 1869 (printed in F. E. Hulme's 
" Flags of the World," p. 81), by which arms were assigned to the four provinces 
of Ontario, Quebec (previously called Upper Canada and Lower Canada 
respectively), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and authorising the four coats 
to be borne together quarterly for the Dominion as follows : — 

Quarterly: i. For Ontario — Vert, a sprig of three leaves of maple slipped 
or, on a chief argent, the cross of St George. 

2. For Quebec — Or, on a fesse gules, between two fleurs-de-lis azure in chief, 
and a sprig of three leaves of maple vert in base, a lion passant guardant or. 

3. Vox Nova Scotia — Or, on a fesse wavy azure, between three thistles proper, 
a salmon naiant argent. 

4. For New Brunswick — Or, on waves, a lymphad with oars in action proper, 
on a chief gules, a lion passant guardant or. 

Nothing official has since been done up to the present time to modify the 
force of the warrant or change its provisions, and the foregoing remains the legal 
and official coat of arms of the Dominion. In 1870 the Province of Manitoba 
was formed and admitted into the Union; British Columbia followed in 1871, 
and Prince Edward Island in 1S73, and since then Alberta and Saskatchewan. 
Legitimate Arms exist for all the foregoing (to which refer), and from time to 
time unofficial representations are to be found in which some or all are introduced 
into the arms of the Dominion as additional quarterings. This practice is at 
present unauthorised and improper. I understand, however, that at the moment 
of writing the question of the arms of the Dominion is under consideration, 
though whether the result will be one single and simple coat for the Dominion 
or the inclusion of additional quarterings remains to be seen. 

No crest, supporters or motto were assigned to the Dominion in the original 
Royal Warrant, and though crests and supporters are on record for Ontario and 
for Nova Scotia, it would be quite incorrect to add them to the Dominion 
escutcheon. 

The badge of a maple-leaf appears to be very generally accepted as a floral 
badge for Canada, but it has as yet no official recognition. 

The quartered coat is borne in the flag of the Governor-General, the shield 

144 




A^n 





CAMELFORD 



CAMB. UNIV. GREEK READER 




CANADA 




CAMPBELTOWN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

being placed in a white disc in the centre of the flag within wreaths which are 
of maple-leaves instead of the oak-leaves prescribed for similar flags in other 
parts of the King's Dominions and ensigned by the Imperial crown. 

The Lieutenant-Governors bear the arms of their respective provinces upon 
their flags within a similar wreath, but without the crown. 

No arms have been officially assigned to the North-West Territories. 

[Refer also to the Hudson Bay Company.] 

CANADA COMPANY. Argent, on a cross of St George gules, a lion passant 
guardant or, in the first quarter a beaver, in the second a saw surmounted by an 
axe in saltire, in the third a plough, and in the fourth a garb, the whole proper, 
a chief erminois, thereon a rose gules charged with another argent, barbed and 
seeded proper between a thistle on the dexter side slipped and leaved and a 
trefoil on the sinister, both also proper. Crest — On a' wreath of the colours, an oak- 
tree eradicated proper. Supporters — On either side a lion guardant or, the dexter 
supporting a flag-staff proper, flowing therefrom a banner azure, charged with 
the cross saltire of St Andrew argent, the sinister supporting a like flag-staft 
with a banner argent, charged with the cross saltire of St Patrick gules. 
Motto — " Non mutat genus solum." 

[College of Arms, Gts. xxxv. 213, 215.] 

CANARY COMPANY. (Incorporated 17th March 1664.) Argent, a cross gules, on 
a chief azure a lion passant guardant, between two bunches of grapes stepped 
or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a mountain as representing the Peak 
of Teneriffe proper. Supporters — Two falcons with wings endorsed or, belled 
of the last. 

[Granted by Walker, Garter,. 1665.] 

CANTERBURY (Kent). Argent three Cornish choughs two and one sable, 
beaked and legged gules, on a chief of the last a lion passant guardant or. 
Recorded in the College of Arms. 

CANTERBURY. Refer to King's School. 

CANTERBURY, Archbishopric of. Azure, the cross-staff of an Archbishop in 
pale or surmounted of a pall proper. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

In the case of Canterbury the pall is always depicted as charged with four 
crosses pat^e fitchee at the foot. These arms first appear on the seal of Archbishop 
Simon Islip, 1349- 1366. 



146 




CANADA COMPANY 




CANTERBURY 




UBLi ; ; 



CANTERBURY, ARCHBISHOPRIC OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CANTERBURY, Dean and Chapter of. Two coats are recorded in the College 
of Arms : — 

(a) A cross charged with a Roman figure X surmounted by the Roman 
figure I. 

{l>) A cross engrailed ermine, in the first quarter a crescent. 

No colours are given for either coat. The first mentioned is the one always 
used, the field being made azure, the cross argent, and the monogram sable. 

CAPE BRETON ISLAND. Although this was formerly a distinct colony, no 
warrant was ever issued assigning arms to it, and it is now incorporated with the 
Province of Nova Scotia. 

CAPE COLONY, or The Colony of the Cape of Good Hope. Gules, a lion 
rampant between three annulets or, on a chief argent, as many hurts each 
charged with a fleur-de-lis of the second. Ct'est — On a wreath of the colours, 
the figure of Hope proper, vested azure, resting the dexter arm on a rock and 
supporting with the sinister hand an Anchor sable entwined with a cable also 
proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a gnu, (sinister) an oryx [gems buck], both 
proper. Motto — " Spes bona." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 29th May 1876. The warrant is printed in 
extenso. Genealogical Magazine, September 1900, Vol. iv., p. 185. Refer to South 
Africa.] 

CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, Province of the (Union of South Africa). Gules, a 
female figure representing Hope, resting the dexter arm upon a rock and 
supporting with the sinister hand an anchor argent. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 4th May 191 1] 



148 




CANTERBURY, DEAN OF 




PROVINCE OF CAPE OF GOOD HOPE 




CAPE COLONY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CAPE TOWN (Cape of Good Hope). Or, an anchor erect sable, stock proper, 
from the ring a riband flowing azure and suspended therefrom an escutcheon gules, 
charged with three annulets of the field. Cresi— On a wreath of the colours, 
upon the battlements of a tower proper, a trident in bend dexter or, surmounted 
by an anchor and cable, in bend sinister, sable. Supporters — (Dexter) standing 
on a rock a Female Figure proper, vested argent, mantle and sandals azure, 
on her head an estoile radiated or, and supporting with her exterior hand an 
anchor also proper ; (sinister) standing on a like rock a lion rampant guardant 
gules. Motto — " Spes bona." 

[The arms were confirmed and the crest was granted by Sir Albert Woods, 
K.C.B., K.C.M.G., Garter; G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux, and W. H. Weldon, 
Norroy, and the Supporters were granted by Sir Albert Woods, by patents dated 
29th December 1899. 

On the 1 2th June 1S04 the Commissioner-General Magister, J. A. de Mist, 
authorised the City Council to make use of a Town Seal or Arms as follows : — 
"The arms of Capetown shall be an anchor of sable on a field of gold, the 
emblem of Good Hope covered by the arms of the Founder of this Colony — van 
Riebeeck — which, according to the drawings in acknowledged and accredited 
works, consist of three gold rings on a red field with the circumscription ' Seal 
of the Cape.'" 

This Dutch grant is set out in full in the Patent of Grant and Confirmation 
of 1899, ^1*^ *^his Patent, together with a facsimile of the Dutch Grant, is printed 
in extenso in the Genealogical Magazine, August 1900, Vol. iv., p. 156.] 

CAPE TOWN, See of. Quarterly azure and sable, in the first and fourth a lion 
rampant argent, in the second and third three open crowns paleways or, over 
all on a cross of the last an anchor of the second in the fesse point and in the 
honour point an escutcheon of the arms of Burdett-Coutts. 
[Of no authority.] 

CAPE OF GOOD HOPE UNIVERSITY. Refer to the University of the Cape 
of Good Hope. 



150 




CAPE TOWN 




CAPE TOWN, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CARDIFF, City of (Glamorganshire). Erected into a city October 28, 1905. 
Argent, on a mount vert, a dragon rampant gules, supporting in front of a leek 
issuing from the mount a flag-staff erect proper, flowing therefrom to the sinister 
a Banner of the third, charged with three chevronels of the first. Crest — A 
Tudor rose on three ostrich feathers argent, issuing out of a mural crown proper. 
Supporters — On the dexter side a goat and on the sinister side a sea-horse, both 
proper. Mottoes — (over crest) " Deffro mae'n Ddydd," (under arms) " Y ddraig 
goch ddyry gychwyn." 

[The arms were granted by patent, August 26, 1906. The crest was 
assigned by Royal Warrant, dated October 6, 1906, under the hand of His 
Majesty King Edward VII., the same being exemplified by a subsequent 
patent. The supporters were granted by Sir Alfred Scott-Gatty, Garter King 
of Arms, by patent dated February 25, 1907. Prior to the elevation of Cardiff 
to the dignity of a city, arms, sometimes " gules, three chevronels or, " sometimes 
with the tinctures reversed, were used as the arms of Cardiff, and were supposed 
to be derived from the arms of the De Clares. These are perpetuated in the new 
arms, the national emblems of the leek and the red dragon being introduced. The 
crest is derived from the badge of the Prince of Wales, hence the necessity of the 
Royal Warrant, the Tudor rose {i.e. a white rose within a red rose) being taken 
from the old seal of the borough.] 

CARDIGANSHIRE. Has no amorial bearings. The seal of the County Council 
represents a view of the University College, Aberystwith, with the Motto 
" Goreu arf, arf dysc." This, the editor is informed, is the Welsh for " The best 
weapon is the weapon of knowledge," another rendering, perhaps, of the ancient 
proverb, " Knowledge is power." 

CARDIGAN (Cardiganshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal is described 
in Burke's " General Armory " as representing an antique castle triple-towered 
and embattled, and on the reverse a ship under sail. The seal in use at present, 
according to an impression which has been forwarded to me, is divided into two 
compartments, that on the dexter side having a castle therein, and a ship 
occupying the sinister division. The seal has the motto, " Anchora spei cereticas 
est in te Domine." The legend is " Sigillum commune burgensium de Cardigan." 
But the Mayor's notepaper represents an escutcheon party per pale, on the 
dexter side a triangular castle, and on the sinister side a ship at sea in full sail. 



IS* 




CARDIFF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CARDINALL COLLEGE, OXFORD. Azure, on a cross engrailed argent, a 
lion passant gules between four leopards' faces of the field, in the first quarter 
a griffin passant supporting a column or, in the second quarter an open book 
argent, leathered gules, garnished or, on a chief of the last a Cardinal's hat of 
the third, between a torteau charged with two crosses in saltire of the fourth and 
a key of the second encircled by a crown of the fourth, and a hurt charged with 
a lion rampant argent, collared of the fourth, and a saltire of the last. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

CARDMAKERS" COMPANY. Refer to Makers of Playing Cards. 

CARINTHIA. Refer to Austria. 

CARLINGFORD (Co. Louth). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. Those attributed to the Corporation in Lewis's " Topographical 
Dictionary " are decidedly unique. They represent a man armed cap-a-pie, 
brandishing in his dexter hand a sword, and between in chief an eagle rising 
from a demi-globe and in base a tower, on the dexter side are three birds, two 
' and one, and on the sinister side a ship of three masts. 

CARLISLE (Cumberland). Has no armorial bearings. The Corporation seal 
represents a peculiar kind of cross couped (differing greatly from the form now 
made use of), closely resembling a cross potent, charged in the centre with a 
rose, and between four others. Burke, in his " General Armory," quotes the 
arms — " Vert the base wavy of six (sic) ar. and az , thereon a castle between 
two roses or, on a chief gu. a lion pass, guard, of the fourth." Two escutcheons 
are now, however, invariably made use of. The dexter one, the tinctures of 
which are unknown, shows a cross pattee (?) charged in the centre with a rose 
and between four others. The sinister one is " vert the base barry wavy of six 
argent and azure, and issuing therefrom a castle between two roses or, on a chief 
gules a lion passant guardant of the fourth," with the motto, " Be just and 
fear not." 

CARLISLE, See of. Argent, on a cross sable, a mitre, labelled or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 
These arms date back to about the reign of Edward VI. 



'54 




CARLINGFORD 




CARLISLE, SEE OF 




CARLISLE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CARLISLE, Dean of. Argent, a cross sable (?). 
[Of no authority.] 

CARLOW, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

CARLOW, Town of (Co. Carlow). Has no armorial bearings, but Burke's 
"General Armory" quotes the following : — " Ar. a castle triple-towered ppr., on 
the centre tower a staff, thereon a flag per pale or and vert, charged with a lion 
rampant gules." 

CARLSRUHE (Baden, Germany). Or, on a bend gules, the word "Fidelitas" 
in letters of gold. 

CARMARTHENSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

CARMARTHEN (Carmarthenshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
displays the following arms, Gules, a castle triple-towered, between two 
ostrich feathers erect argent, on each of the outer towers a Cornish chough 
respecting the centre tower, and in base a lion passant guardant or. Motto, 
" Rhydd did hedd a Llwyddiant." Sometimes the lion is depicted regardant, 
sometimes couchant, and sometimes in the portway of the castle. 

CARMEN'S COMPANY (London). (Made a Fellowship by Act of Common 
Council, 2ist June 1668.) Has no arms, but makes use of the supposed arms of 
the City of London. 

The Carmen of London were anciently incorporated with the Fraternity of 
Fullers, under the name of Woodmongers, but for their malpractices they 
thought it convenient in 1668 to surrender their charter to avoid a greater 
punishment, and the Carmen were re-appointed a Fellowship. The Woodmongers 
Company [to which refer] used arms. 



156 




CARLISLE, DEAN OF 




CARLO W, TOWN OF 





CARLSRUHE 



CARMARTHEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
CARNARVONSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

CARNARVON (Carnarvonshire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke gives 
" Three eagles displayed in fesse," and Debrett illustrates arms as " Vert three 
eagles displayed in fesse or." The arms are of course those of Owen Gwynedd, 
King of North Wales. 

CARNIOLA. Refer to Austria. 

CARNOUSTIE. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. Motto — " Augurium 
favet." 

CAROLINA, Province of (North America). . . . two cornucopia in saltire, mouths 
upwards . . . Crest — A buck trippant . . . Supporters — (Dexter) an Indian 
woman holding a baby in her arms, and at her side a small Indian boy holding 
an arrow; (sinister) an Indian, on his head a crown of feathers and holding a 
large arrow. Motto — " Domitus scultoribus orbis." 

[There is a docket of the above arms in the College of Arms with this note : 
"The Arms, Crest and Supporters of the Province of Carolina drawn from the 
Impression of the Great Seal of that province fix't to the Patent granted to 
Laurence Cromp, Esqr., late York Herald, to be principal Herald of the said 
Province, under the hands of his Excellency John, Lord Granville, Palatine, and 
the Right Honble. the rest of the True and Absolute Proprietors of the said 
Province, dated the first day of June Anno Dni. 1705."] 

CAROLINA, North, U.S.A. (State Device.) The figure of Plenty strewing 
from an inverted cornucopia, the fruits of the earth at the feet of Liberty, who 
holds in the right hand a scroll of the constitution, the sea and ships in 
perspective. 

CAROLINA, South, U.S.A. (State Device.) In base, an oak-tree eradicated, 
lying fessewise in pale a palm-tree, pendant therefrom a shield, inscribed 
"July 4," and at the foot two bundles of arrows in saltire, united by a scroll, 
with the motto — " Ouis separabit " : the sea and mountain in perspective. 



158 




CARNARVON 




CAROLINA, PROVINCE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CARPENTARIA, See of. Or, on a chevron gules, a paschal lamb proper, a bordure 
azure, bezanty. 

[Of no authority.] 

CARPENTERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated -th July 
1477.) Argent, a chevron engrailed between three pairs of compasses, their 
points expanded towards the base sable. Motto — " Honour God." 

[Granted by T. Hawkeslow, Clarenceux, 24th November 1466. The grant 
is printed in Jupp's " History of the Carpenters' Company," p. 10.] 

CARPENTERS, JOYNERS, COOPERS, WHEELWRIGHTS, AND 
SAWYERS, Company of (Durham). The Banner of St Cuthbert "with 
arms appertaining to their trades." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

CARPENTERS' COMPANY (Villefranche). Azure, in chief a pair of com- 
passes expanded and in base a square both or. 

CARPENTERS' COMPANY (Bayonne, France). Sable, an axe bendways 
argent. 

CARPENTERS' COMPANY (Angers, France). Azure, in chief a mallet and 
in base an axe fesseways argent. 

CARPENTERS. Refer to Wrights, and refer to Stornoway, Incorporated 
Trades of 

CAR RAIL. See Crail. 

CARRICKFERGUS (Co. Antrim). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the 
Port and Customs of Carrickfergus shows an escutcheon charged with three 
harps, two and one. But the seal of the town represents upon water a castle 
triple-towered, the port open, in chief two birds, and on either side of the castle 
foliage. The legend is " Sigillum comunede Cragferg." The editor is indebted 
to a pamphlet published by Mr John Vinycomb for the foregoing information. 

CARRICK-ON-SUIR (Co. Tipperary). Has no armorial bearings, and the seal 
simply exhibits the Legend, " Carrick-on-Suir Town Commissioners." 

CARRICK-ON-SHANNON (Co. Leitrim). Has no armorial bearings. 

CASHEL (Co. Tipperary). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's " General 
Armory," quotes, however, " Vert a castle triple-towered ar. on the centre 
tower a double-tongued pennant on a staff or." 

CASHEL, See of. Gules, two keys in saltire, wards upwards or. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct, and its present use 
is illegal.] 

1 60 



/\ ^ 




CARPENTERS' COMPANY (LONDON) 



CARPENTARIA, SEE OF 




CASHEL 




CASHEL, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CASHEL, AND EMLY, WATERFORD AND LISMORE, Bishop of. 

According to Crockford only the Arms of Cashel are made use of, but 
Woodward impales the two coats of Cashel and Waterford. 

C'ASLAV (Czaslau, East Bohemia). Gules, a battlemented town-wall argent, 
the port ouvert, and rising from behind the wall three battlemented towers, and 
issuant from each of the exterior towers a watchman habited in azure with black 
hat and feathers, blowing a horn or : in the centre chief point an inescutcheon 
of the arms of the Kingdom of Bohemia, viz., gules, a lion rampant argent. 
[Granted to the town by King Wladislaw II., 22nd May 1472.] 
Since at least 1532 the arms have been surmounted by a mural crown. 

CASTILE, Kingdom of. Gules, a castle triple-towered or. 

CASTLE DOUGLAS (Kirkcudbright). Has no arms. The seal shows the 
Douglas crest of the crowned heart between two wings and the motto, 
" Forward." 

CASTLE MARTYR (Co. Cork). Has no armorial bearings. 

CASTLEBAR (Co. Mayo). Has no armorial bearings. 

CASTLE-RISING (Norfolk). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
a castle with three towers domed, on each a pennon, in the centre over the gate- 
way a latticed window. 

CASTLETOW^N (Isle of Man). Has no armorial bearings. 

CATANIA (Italy). Argent, on a mount in base vert, in front of an elephant 
statant sable, the figure of Minerva, habited, supporting with her de.xter hand 
a lance erect and resting her sinister on a shield all proper. 

CATHERINE HALL (Cambridge). Gules, a Catharine wheel or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

CATTARO. Argent, a lion rampant gules. 

CAVAN, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

CAVAN, Town of (Co. Cavan). Has no armorial bearings. 

CAVENDISH COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Now closed.) .Sable, three stags'heads 
caboshed, a bordure argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

CAWNE. See Calne. 



162 





C'ASLAV 



CATANIA 





CATHERINE HALL 



CATTARO 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CENTRAL AFRICA, See of. Sable, on a cross argent, a roundle of the same 
charged with a monogram of the letters C.A. 
[Of no authority.] 

CEYLON. Argent, on a mount vert between a grove of eight cocoanut trees and 
mountains in perspective an elephant affrontee all proper. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 17th December 1906.] 

The Admiralty publish for use upon the Union Flag by the Governor of 
Ceylon, a device consisting of a disc azure, thereon on a mount vert, a temple, 
and in front thereof, an elephant proper, the whole within a circular band of red 
edged and ornamented with gold. 

CHAMBERLAIN. Refer to Lord Chamberlain of the Household in England, 
Lord Great Chamberlain of England, Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland. 

CHANCELLOR. Refer to Lord Chancellor of England. 

CHANDLERS. See Wax Chandlers. 

CHANNEL ISLANDS. Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or. 

The Channel Islands, the sole remaining portion of the Dukedom of 
Normandy still appertaining to the English Crown, are not a portion of the 
United Kingdom, of which they are simply a dependency, and consequently, 
upon the coinage and elsewhere, the arms of Scotland and Ireland are not 
introduced. One instance has come under the editor's notice in which the 
charges are distinctly leopards. Whether such a practice is strictly legal is 
certainly open to question. Refer to " Great Britain." 

CHARD (Somerset). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which is of a pointed 
oval shape, represents two peacocks (?) of most wonderful and amazing con- 
struction, one on either side of a central floriated ornament adorned with two 
acorns. The legend is " Sigillum burgi de Chard, 1570." 

CHARKOW (Russia). Argent, a horse's head couped sable, on a chief gules, a 
mullet or, between two bezants. 



164 





CEYLON 



CENTRAL AFRICA, SEE OF 





CHARKOW 



CHANNEL ISLANDS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHARLEMONT (Co. Armagh). Has no armorial bearings. The device of a 
Royal Crown within rays of the sun is sometimes attributed to the town. 

CHARLESTOWN (Aberlour). Has no arms. Those upon the seal are the 
arms of Grant of Elchies, "Gules, a boar's head between three antique crowns, 
or." Crest — An oak-tree, and above the Motto — " Craig a crochan." Under the 
arms, " Stand fast." 

CHARLEVILLE (Co. Cork). Has no armorial bearings. "The Seal of the 
Mayoralty of the Staple of Borrough of Charleville" exhibits an embattled 
gateway. This placed upon an escutcheon appears to do duty for the town. 

CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS. Refer to Accountants. 

CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF SECRETARIES. Refer to Secretaries. 

CHARTER HOUSE, or Sutton's Hospital. Or, on a chevron between three 
annulets gules, as many crescents of the first. 

[These are the arms of Sutton, the founder, but there is no official authority 
for their use by the School or Hospital.] 

CHARTERHOUSE SCHOOL. Or, on a chevron between three annulets gules 
as many crescents or. Motto — " Deo dante dedi." 

[Of no authority, being the arms of Thomas Sutton, the founder.] 

CHATHAM (Kent). Argent, a fesse chequy gules and or, between in chief two ancient 
ships with three masts and sails proper, colours flying of the second, and in base 
a sword of the fourth, pommel and hilt of the third surmounted by a trident in 
saltire and entwined with a wreath of laurel also proper. Crest — Out of a naval 
crown or, a trident erect, enfiled with a wreath of laurel proper. Motto — " Loyal 
and true." 

Granted August r, 1891. 

CHEESEMONGERS' GUILD (Ghent). Gules, above a cheese-knife proper, 
the handle or, a pair of scales of the last, the weighing slabs argent, and in chief 
two circular cheeses proper. 

CHEKIANG, See of. Refer to Mid-China. 



166 




CHARLEMONT 





CHARLESTOWN 




CHARTERHOUSE SCHOOL 



CHATHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHELMSFORD (Essex). Argent, a bridge of three arches proper, in chief two 
croziers in saltire between as many lions rampant azure, in base two bars wavy 
of the last. Crest — Upon a rock proper, a crozier in pale or, surmounted by two 
swords in saltire points upwards proper, pommels and hilts or, interlaced by a 
wreath of oak vert. Motto — " Many minds one heart." 
[Granted, College of Arms, February 6, 1889.] 

CHELSEA, Borough of. Gules, within a cross voided or, a crozier in pale of the 
last, in the first quarter a winged bull statant, in the second a lion rampant 
regardant, both argent ; in the third a sword point downwards proper, pommel and 
hilt gold between two boars' heads couped at the neck of the third ; and in the 
fourth a stag's head caboshed of the second. Motto — " Nisi Dominus frustra." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The crozier indicates the time when the Abbot of Westminster was Lord 
of the Manor of Chelsea; the winged bull stands for the patron saint of the 
parish, St Luke ; the lion rampant is for Cadogan : the sword and the boars' 
heads for Sir Hans Sloane, and the stag's head for Stanley. Sir Hans Sloane, 
whose collections originated the British Museum, was Lord of the Manor, which 
he bequeathed to his daughter.s, one becoming Lady Cadogan and the other 
marrying into the Stanley family. 

CHELTENHAM (Gloucestershire). Or, a chevron engrailed gules, between two 
pigeons in chief and an oak tree eradicated in base proper, on a chief azure a 
cross flory argent, between two open books also proper, binding and clasps of 
the first. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a mount be- 
tween two branches of oak a fountain, thereon a pigeon all proper. Motto — 
"Salubritas et eruditio." 

Granted February 26, 1887. 

CHELTENHAM COLLEGE. Per bend gules and sable, on a bend or, between 
in chief two swords in saltire proper, pommels and hilts of the third, and in base 
a fasces palewise of the last, a mullet of the first between two fleurs-de-lis of 
the second. Motto — " Labor omnia vincit." 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

CHEMISTS. Refer to The Pharmaceutical Society. 



1 68 




CHELMSFORD 




CHELTENHAM COLLEGE 




CHELSEA, BOROUGH OF 




CHELTENHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHEMNITZ (Saxony). Per pale, the dexter paly of four or and azure, the sinister 
or, a lion rampant to the sinister sable. 

CHESTER, County Palatine of. Has no armorial bearings, but the following 
appear to be in general use, namely, azure, three garbs, two and one or (being 
the arms of the old Earls of Chester and the arms of the Earldom of Chester), 
within a garter, and surmounted by an earl's coronet. Supporters — Two dragons 
sejant addorsed gules {i.e. with their backs to the escutcheon), each holding in 
its exterior claw an ostrich feather argent affixed to a scroll. Motto — " Antiqui 
colant antiquum dierum." The garter, coronet, dragons, and ostrich feathers, 
of course, have palpable reference to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales being Earl of 
Chester. The arms of the Earldom of Chester appear upon the second great 
seal of Henry IV. ; and upon the seal of the County Council of Cheshire the 
same arms appear, though in this case flanked on either side by an ostrich 
feather and surmounted by an open coronet composed of crosses patt^e and 
fleurs-de-lis. 

CHESTER, City of. Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or, being the arms 
of England, dimidiated with those of Randolph de Meschines, Earl of Chester 
— namely, azure three garbs two and one or. Crest — A sword in pale, sheathed, 
encircled by a fillet adorned throughout with gold. Supporters — On the dexter 
side a lion proper gorged with a ducal coronet argent, and on the sinister side 
a wolf argent, ducally gorged or. Motto — " Antiqui colant antiquum dierum." 
Wreath or, gules, and azure. Mantling " partly red and partly azure, on the 
inside lined with silver." The helmet, which appears always to be used with the 
arms of Chester, is afifrontee but with the visor closed. The following translation 
of the original grant, which is dated September 3, 15S0, is worthy of quotation : 
" To all and Singular both Kings of Arms and Heralds as well nobles and 
other who shall see or hear this writing William Flower Esquire, otherwise 
styled Norroy King of Arms and Chief Herald for the North part of England 
sends Eternal Greeting in the Lord. Whereas Venerable Men the Mayor and 
Citizens of the City of Chester as also their predecessors have been endowed 
with many and distinguished privileges by the Kings of England and the 
Palatine Earls of Chester and have been incorporated by the name of the 
Mayor and Citizens of the City of Chester by the virtue of which incorporation 
indeed the aforesaid City (as also other Cities of the Kingdom of England) is 
rendered much more renowned and notable by the long use and display of Arms 
or insignia BUT SINCE by the ancient Arms and Insignia of the aforesaid City 
having been laid aside and almost entirely eff"aced from Memory they have 
assumed to themselves other new and pretended insignia and have used the 
same for many past years, in which thing a grave error was committed by the 
negligence and carelessness of those whom it chiefly concerned AND because 
there is neither found above the aforesaid Ancient Arms or Insignia (which has 
commonly and to some others likewise happened) any helmet of augmentation 
(which they call tymbrum or Crest) properly emblazoned, nor at the sides of 

170 




CHEMNITZ 




ANTIQUI'COI-'^NT: «\NTlSUUM'OieF<.UM 




/BRAi:; 



CHESTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

the Arms collateral Animals (which we commonly call Supporters) to which 
the guardianship of the Shield is committed. 

"Therefore I the aforesaid Norrey King of Arms not only having performed 
that which belongs to my office in the reformation of errors of former times 
have restored to the said City fully and entirely by (these) presents the ancient 
arms or insignia distinguished by red and azure or blue of which the first part 
(which can be truly stiled Royal) displays as splendidly as possible three 
dimidiated lions passant and regardient or, but the other part borrowed from 
Earls palatine themselves bears one entire garb and another dimidiated garb or, 
before it — And moreover having been earnestly entreated that I would not fail 
the aforesaid City on this part, but that rather so far as in me lies I should 
gratify a city and society so illustrious and so well deserving of our prince and 
country, for the greater and more ample dignity of the said City I have assigned 
for crest over the helmet an upright sword sheathed, the emblem of Majesty and 
Justice, encircled by a fillet adorned throughout with gold situated over a collar 
distinguished by gold, red, and azure colours, together with mantlings and 
appendages folded partly red and partly azure, on the inside lined with silver. 
And furthermore I have appointed for the support of the buckler or shield on 
the dexter a Lion crowned about the neck with a silver crown, and on the 
sinister a Wolf argent in like manner girt about the neck with a golden crown 
even as for the more full and clear understanding of these I have caused them 
to be illuminated, delineated, and painted more to life in their proper metals 
and colours in the margin of these presents. The which ancient insignia of the 
shield, together with the apex or crest of a helmet placed upon it, and also the 
aforesaid collateral animals sustaining and supporting the said shield. I the 
before named Norrey King of Arms by virtue and authority of my function 
and office granted to me by the Queens Majesty in this behalf that I 
might willingly give honour to the Honourable the said Mayor and citizens 
of the aforesaid City of Chester and to their successors to the greater increase 
of honour and dignity and perpetual ornament of the said City have given 
delivered and by these presents have confirmed in perpetuity. To have 
to use and to display for the sake of honour in whatsoever place and at 
^^l)atsoever ti'me at their sole will and pleasure any impediment, contra- 
diction or prohibition which God forbid notwithstanding. In Faith and testi- 
mony in all and singular of which I the aforesaid Norroy King of Arms have 
by these presents with my own proper hand subscribed my name and by the 
appending of the Seal of my Office have confirmed this my present diploma Given, 
at Chester the third day of September in the year of our Saviour Christ 1580 
and in the 22nd year of the reign of Her Royal Highness Queen Elizabeth. 

" P moy Wyllam Flower Esquyer, 
alias Norrey R. D'Armes. 

" Confirmed by me Richard St George Norroy King at Armes in my 
Visitation 161 3." 

CHESTER, See of. Gules, three mitres labelled or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

172 




CHESTER, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHESTER or STRAND INN (London). Sable, three garbs argent, all within a 
bordure gules. 

[Of no authority.] 

CHESTER HERALD. Badge, a garb. 

CHESTER, Trade Companies. Refer to the several Trades. 

CHESTER. Refer to King's School. 

CHESTERFIELD (Derbyshire). Has no armorial bearings. The laie seal 
showed an escutcheon charged with a fesse and thereon a lozenge. No tinctures 
were shown, but upon the Corporation notepaper the fesse was engraved " or." 
The field and lozenge being left argent, this, of course, was bad heraldry. The 
legend is " Burg de Chesterfield." 

But the Town-Clerk has been good enough to forward me a printed notice 
(as under) relating to a resolution of the Council. Only the device upon the 
seal is officially made use of, but the subjoined notice seems to contemplate 
armorial usage; and therefore it cannot be too widely known that as arms the 
design is bogus and not of the least authority. It is a pity that when the 
matter was under consideration and a change contemplated, a proper and formal 
grant of arms was not obtained. The notice runs : — 

" The Arms on the small silver Seal of seventeenth century date, enlarged 
about 1818 for the Seal lately in use, are, as often has been pointed out, bad 
heraldry, namely, metal on metal — a mistake that probably arose through the 
blunder of an uneducated engraver. 

" The seventeenth century Arms, according to the College of Arms, were 
those lately used, but tinctured ' gules on a fesse or a lozenge azure.' 

"These Arms were never formally granted. There is no explanation forth- 
coming why they were ever adopted and used, and they are certainly no older than 
the seventeenth century. There was no reason why they should not be discarded. 
On the contrary, there is abundant proof of the old Arms (or badge) on the Cor- 
porate Seal of the Borough, which were in use for some centuries before the seven- 
teenth century Arms were used, and there was every reason to assume the old, or, 
proper, Arms without alteration, particularly as they are unique and highly 
interesting. 

" From the nature of the art shown in the impression of the old Borough 
Seal attached to the Charter of Elizabethan date, and from the style of lettering, 
it is certain that the Seal from which this impression was taken was of thirteenth 
century date, and hence, in all probability, was the first Seal designed after the 
granting to the Borough of Henry UI.'s Charter. Heraldically the Arms of 
the Elizabethan Seal may be described as a Pomegranate Tree, eradicated and 
fructed. By ' eradicated ' is meant showing its roots ; by ' fructed,' in a state 
of fruition. Then as to colours, this can only be surmised ; but if used as Arms 
as well as a Seal, they will be needed. Dr Cox suggests that the field should 
be ' gules ' or red, and the tree ' proper,' that is, according to nature. The 

174 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

description would then read, ' Gules a pomegranate tree eradicated and fructed 
proper.' ' Proper' would give the colours of the tree dark-green ; of the roots 
brown ; of the fruit yellow. The fruit is intended to be represented ' seeded,' 
that is, burst in the centre and showing the seeds, which was usual in the 
heraldic Pomegranates ; the seeds would be 'gules' or red. 

" It may be added that the town of Tregony, Cornwall, has for its Arms a 
single Pomegranate ; so too has the Kingdom of Granada — but Chesterfield is 
the only instance in heraldry, private or corporate, of a Pomegranate Tree, 
though other trees occur rarely as Arms. The emblematic meaning of 
Pomegranate is 'good.' 

"The Council, on the 13th June 1893, unanimously resolved ' that the Arms 
of the Borough be resumed and used, and a Seal engraved with a Pomegranate 
tree eradicated and fructed be, and the same was adopted as and for the Cor- 
porate Common Seal of the Borough, and that the Arms and Seal of the 
Borough then in use be disavouched, and the Seal destroyed in the presence of 
the Mayor and Town-Clerk.' 

" Herewith is sent a wax impression of the new Corporate Seal referred to 
in the resolution." 



17s 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHICHESTER (Sussex). Argent, gutt^e-de-poix, on a chief indented gules, a 
lion passant guardant or. Recorded in the College of Arms. 

A manuscript in Ulster's Office shows the arms as per fesse argent and 
chequy or and gules, in chief a tower triple-towered azure. It would be 
interesting to know the origin of this. 

CHICHESTER, See of. The correct blazon of these arms is " Azure, our 
Blessed Lord in judgment seated on His throne crowned, and a glory about His 
head, His right hand upraised in benediction and His left holding an open book 
all or, and out of His mouth a two-edged sword, point to the sinister gules." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

Either an intentional change has been made in an avoidance of idolatry, or 
possibly mere error has crept in, but this coat is usually blazoned as follows : — 
" Azure, a Presbyter John sitting on a tombstone, in his left hand a mound, his 
right extended all or, with a linen mitre on his head and in his mouth a sword 
proper." 

This devicefirst appearson the seal of Bishop Richard de la Wich (1245-53). 

In Woodward's Ecclesiastical Heraldry it is stated that the shield is borne 
" between two golden candlesticks with candles illuminated proper." I cannot 
find any official authority for this, and if, as is doubtless the case, candlesticks 
are to be found in some early seals, their position can only be that of appropriate 
ornament rather than that of being any integral part of the armorial insignia 
of the See. 

CHICHESTER, Dean of. The figure of Our Lord as in the arms of the See, 
between the Greek letters A and Q. 
[Of no authority.] 



176 





CHICHESTER 



CHICHESTER, DEAN OF 




CHICHESTER, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHILI. Azure, in base a volcano and mountains proper, in the middle chief point 
a mullet radiated argent. Crest. — An eagle, wings expanded, proper. 

Another Coat. — Per fesse azure and gules, a mullet of five points argent. 
Crest — A plume of three ostrich feathers gules, argent and azure. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a.-hdrse, (sinister) a' vulture ; both crowned or. 

CHINA. Or, a Chinese dragon azure, garnished gules, on each foot five distinct 
claws. 

Note. — " It is said that, by a standing law of the empire, no mandarin or 
nobleman, on pain of death, shall have any more than four claws to each foot 
of the dragon which he hath on his clothes, or on his shield of arms." 

CHINA, Ecclesiastical Sees. Refer to North China and Mid China. 

CHIPPENHAM (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal recorded in 
the visitations of the County represents a tree, and suspended therefrom two 
escutcheons. Burke, in his " General Armory," blazons the whole as a coat-of 
arms as follows : — " Argent, a tree of three large branches vert, between two 
escutcheons — viz., that on the dexter azure ten billets argent, in chief a label of 
five points of the last, the sinister escutcheon or, three legs in armour proper, 
garnished or, coupled at the middle of the thigh two and one, on each a spur of 
the last. Motto—' Unity and loyalty.' " 

CHIPPING NORTON (Oxfordshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents upon a mount a castle, the two towers each surmounted by a cupola 
and flag, and above the centre battlements the letters I.R. The legend is 
" Sigil. Burg, de Chippingnorton. Feby. 1606." 

CHIPPING SODBURY (Gloucestershire). Has no armorial bearings. The 
seal recorded in the visitation books shows an escutcheon without tinctures 
charged with three lions passant guardant in pale. This is probably simply the 
Royal Coat. The legend is "The Burough of Chipping Sodbury, 1680." 

CHIPPING- WYCOMBE (Buckinghamshire). See Wycombe. 

CHIRURGEONS' COMPANY. Refer to Barbers' Company. 



1178 




CHILI 





CHIPPENHAM 



CHINA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHORLEY (Lancashire). Or, on a chevron gules, three escocheons argent, each 
charged with a bhje-bottle slipped and leaved proper, on a chief of the second a 
crown vallary of the first. Motto — "Beware." 
[Granted, College of Arms, July 3, 1882.] 

CHOTA NAGPUR, See of (India). No arms exist. 

CHRISTCHURCH (Hants). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
saint seated beneath a canopy. The legend is " Sj comune ville xpi ecclie de 
Twinham." 

CHRIST CHURCH (London). Azure, the representation of the Trinity argent 
being expressed by four plates, two in chief, one in the middle point, and one 
in base, conjoined to each other by an orle and a ]">all argent, on the centre plate 
is the word " Deus," on the dexter chief plate "Tater," on the sinister " Filius," 
and on the plate in the base the words " Sanctus Spiritus," on the three 
parts of the pall the word " est," and on each part of the orle the words 
" non est." 

CHRIST CHURCH COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded 1546, by Thomas Wolsey, 
Cardinal, and Archbishop of York.) Sable, on a cross engrailed argent, a lion 
passant gules, between four leopards' faces azure, on a chief or, a rose of the 
third, seeded of the fifth, barbed vert between two Cornish choughs proper. 
Above the shield is placed a Cardinal's hat. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

CHRIST CHURCH, See of(New Zealand). Azure, on a cross argent the mono- 
gram )lc sable, in the first canton three estoiles, one and two of the second. 
[Of no authority.] 



180 




te^SBSI* 




CHRIST CHURCH (LONDON) 



CHORLEY 




CHRIST CHURCH COLLEGE (OXFORD 




CHRIST CHURCH, SEE OF (NEW ZEALAND) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CHRIST COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded 1505, by Margaret, Countess of 
Richmond, daughter and sole heir of John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, and 
mother of King Henry VH.) Quarterly, France and England, within a bordure 
gobony argent and azure. 

[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

CHRISTIANIA (Norway). Azure, a representation of St seated proper, and 

vested argent, the cloak gules, holding in the dexterhand a (? millstone) and in the 
sinister three arrows, points downwards, and reclining in base a female figure. 

CHRISTMAS ISLAND. Refer to Straits Settlements. 

CHRIST'S HOSPITAL (Blue Coat School). The arms of the City of London 
(argent, a cross gules, in the first quarter a sword erect of the last) on a chief 
azure, a rose argent between two fleurs-de-lis or. 
[Of no authority.] 

CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. Has no arms, but for centuries has used the device 
of a Burning Bush with the motto, " Nee tamen consumebatur." The device first 
appears on the title-page of " The Acts and Proceedings of the General Assembly 
of 1690," with the Motto, " Not consumed." It had, however, been adopted in 1 583 
at the Twelfth National Synod of the French Reformed Church, when it was 
resolved that a seal be made, and on this seal was engraved the Burning Bush 
with the words, " Flagror non Consumor." The Irish Presbyterian Church uses 
the Motto, " Ardens sed Virens." 



182 





CHRIST COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 



CHRISTIANIA 





TO ! 



CHRIST'S HOSPITAL 



CHURCH OF SCOTLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CINQUE PORTS, CORPORATION OF. Per pale gules and azure three demi- 
lions passant guardant in pale dimidiated with and conjoined to as many demi- 
hulks of ships, all or. 

[Recorded in College of Arms. If reference be made to the arms of Dover 
(Mayor's Seal), Deal, Romney, Sandwich, Hastings, Rye, and Tenterden, one 
cannot help wondering whether the dimidiation of the arms of England with the 
azure, three hulks of ships, may not have stood for the Ro)'al Naval privileges 
and duties formerly assigned to the Cinque i'orts as a part of the State.] 

CIRENCESTER (Gloucestershire). Has no armorial bearings. The arms used 
and mentioned by Berry as erroneous are argent {?) a phcenix in flames proper. 
Debrett's " House of Commons " gives them. 

CIVILIANS' COLLEGE. Refer to Doctors' Commons. 

CLACKMANNANSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings: nor are any claimed. 
The seal of the County Council represents the old Tower on Clackmannan Hill, 
Clackmannan being the county town. The legend is " Seal of the County 
Council of Clackmannan." 

CLARE, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

CLARE, or CLARENCE (Honour of). Per chevron gules and azure, two lions 
rampant combatant, or. 

[The arms as above are so given by Burke in his " General Armory " — but it is 
not without interest to observe that the arms of Sir John de Clarence (natural 
son of Thomas, Duke of Clarence, son of King Henry IV.) were per chevron 
gules and azure in chief, two lions counter-rampant, and in base a fleur-de-lis, or.] 

CLARE HALL (Cambridge). (Originally founded by Richard Baden, Chancellor of 
Cambridge, but in the year 1347 he, with Walter de Thaxsted, the then master, 
resigned the foundation into the hands of Elizabetli, daughter of Gilbert de 
Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and wife of John de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, when it 
was renamed Clare Hall.) 

Or, three chevrons gules for Clare impaling or, a cross gules for de Burgh, 
both within a bordure sable, guttee d'or. 

[The arms of the wife are here placed on the dexter side, she being the 
foundress. These arms are recorded in the College of Arms.] 

CLARENCEUX KING OF ARMS. Argent, a cross gules, on a chief of the 
second, a lion passant guardant or, crowned of the last. 

[These arms of office are either borne alone or impaled on the de.xter side of 
the personal arms of Clarenceux. The escutcheon is surmounted by his official 
crown.] 



184 





CINQUE PORTS 



CIRENCESTER 




CLARE HALL (CAMBRIDGE) 




CLARENCEUX KING OF ARMS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CLEMENTS* INN (London). Argent, an anchor without a stock in pale proper, 
with a capital C couchant upon it sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

CLERGY, Sons of the, Corporation. Refer to next entry. 

CLERGYMEN'S WIDOWS AND CHILDREN, The Society for the Relief of. 

Lozengy argent and sable, on a chief purpure a cross pattee or, between two 
books open of the first, garnished and clasped of the fourth. Crest- — On a wreath 
of tlie colours, a female figure, the emblem of Charity, vested in a loose garment 
sable, head, breast, hands, and feet, proper, hair dishevelled, or, accompanied 
with three naked boys, one on the dexter side and one in each arm of the 
second, crined of the third. Motto — "Quod eorum minimis mihi." 

[These arms, said to have been designed by Sir Christopher Wren, were 
granted by Dugdale, Garter, and St George, Clarenceux, 29th November 1685. 
No fees were charged by these officers for this grant.] 

CLERKS. See Parish Clerks. 

CLIFFORD'S INN (London;. Chequy or and azure, a fesse gules, all within 
a bordure of the last charged with eight bezants. 
[Of no authority.] 

CLIFTON COLLEGE. Argent, a chevron between two trefoils slipped in chief 
and a garb in base azure, a chief gules, thereon a ducal coronet, or, between 
two books argent, clasped and garnished gold. Motto — " Spiritus intus alit." 

[Granted Sth April 1895. The Grant is printed in "The Cliftonian," Vol. 
xiv.. No. 2.] 



186 




CLEMENTS INN 




CLERGY WIDOWS' AND ORPHANS' SOCIETY 



O O Ol 














u 


u 










ip^ 


LLi^oj 



n 




CLIFFORD'S INN 



CLIFTON COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CLITHEROE (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's "General 
Armory " quotes " Az. on a mount vert, a castle embattled, with three towers 
domed, on each a pennon all or." 

CLOCKMAKERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 22nd August 
163 1.) Sable, a clock, each of the four pillars of the case erected on a lion 
couchant, and on each capital a globe, thereon a cross pattee, and on the dome 
of the case an Imperial crown, all or. The helmet mantled gules, doubled 
argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a sphere or. Supporters — (Dexter) 
An emblematical figure representing Time, (sinister) the portrait of an Emperor 
in his robes, on his head an Imperial crown, and in his sinister hand a sceptre, 
all proper. Motto — " Tempus rerum imperator." 

[Granted by Sir Edward Walker, Garter, 31st January 167 1-2.] 
The original grant is exhibited in the Guildhall, London. 

CLOGHER, See of Azure, a bishop in pontifical robes seated on his chair of 
state, and leaning towards the sinister, his left hand supporting a crozier, his 
right hand upraised in benediction, all or, the feet upon a cushion gules tasselled 
gold. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct and its present 
use is illegal.] 



188 




CLITHEROE 




CLOGHER, SEE OF 




CLOCKMAKERS' COMPANY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CLONFERT, See of. Azure, two croziers in saltire, or. 

[This coat is recorded in Ulster's Office, but through the disestablishment 
of the Irish Church it is really extinct, and its present use is illegal.] 

CLONFERT. Refer to Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert and Kilmacduagh, Bishop of 

CLONMEL (Co. Tipperary). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. Those used are as follows — namely, " Argent, over water, therein three 
fishes naiant, two and one, a bridge of five arches and thereon a stag in full 
course pursued by a greyhound all proper." Crest — A raven proper. Supporters — 
On either side a greyhound proper, gorged with a collar . . . Motto — " Fidelis 
in JEternum." The common seal of the town of Clonmel represents upon a 
wreath a sword erect point upwards, the blade enfiled by two branches {) of 
laurel) in saltire, with the motto " Hsec inde." The Mayor's seal represents a 
figure of Justice which is sometimes quoted as the arms. Is it simply a coin- 
cidence that the dexter supporter of Lord Clonmel's achievement is also a figure 
of Justice? 

CLOTH MANUFACTORY AT NEWMILLS, The Company of Vert, a fleece 
of wool proper, between two thistle-heads in chief and a key palewaj's in base or. 
Crest — Two naked arms supporting a globe. Supporters — Two workmen in their 
habit, and leaning on their shears, all proper. Motto — " Velat haec et altera 
munit." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 22nd March 1692.] 

CLOTHIERS. Refers to Weavers of Worcester. 



190 




CLONFERT, SEE OF 




CLONMEL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CLOTHWORKERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Company of Sheermen 
incorporated by Henry VII., and the Fullers' Company, 28th April 1480. 
United into one Corporation by the title of Clothworkers, i8th January 1528.) 
Sable, a chevron ermine between two habicks in chief argent, and a teazle in 
base slipped or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a mount vert, thereon a 
ram statant or. Supporters — Two griffins or, pellettde. Motto — " My trust is 
in God alone." 

[Arms granted by Thomas Benolt, Clarenceux, 1530, crest and supporters 
granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 25th March 15S7. Grant printed "Misc. 
Gen. et Her.," ii. 173-5. Confirmed and entered by Henry St George at the 
Visitation of the City of London, 1634.] 

CLOYNE, See of Azure, a mitre labelled or, between three crosses pattee fitchee 
argent. 

[This coat is recorded in Ulster's Office, but b}- the disestablishment of the 
Irish Church it has now become extinct.] 

CLOYNE. Refer to Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, Bishop of. 

CLYDE NAVIGATION, Trustees of. Parted per saltire argent and azure, in 
chief a ship in full sail proper, flagged with the banner of Scotland and in base 
issuing from a mount an oak-tree, the stem surmounted of a salmon on its back 
with a signet-ring in its mouth, on the top of the tree a robin redbreast, and on 
the sinister side an ancient handbell all proper. Mantling — Azure, doubled 
argent. Crest — On a wreath of the liveries, an anchor or, cabled of the same. 
Motto—" Floreat Clutha." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 24th June 191 2.] 



192 




CLOTHWORKERS, COMPANY OF 





CLOYNE, SEE OF 



CLYDE NAVIGATION TRUST 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CLYDEBANK. Has no arms. The seal shows a fine healthy specimen of home- 
made heraldry, viz., Argent, a saltire gules, in chief a sewing-machine, in base 
a battle-ship, in fesse on the dexter a stag's head caboshed, and on the sinister 
a lion rampant. Crest — A garb. Motto — " Lahore et scientia." 

COACH AND COACH-HARNESS-MAKERS, The Worshipful Company of 
(London). (Incorporated 31st May 1677). Azure, a chevron between three 
coaches, or. Crest — On a wreath of their colours, a Phcjebus in his glory sitting 
in his chariot or, drawn through a cloud proper by four horses argent, housed, 
reined, and bridled, or. Supporters — Two horses argent, bridled and harnessed, 
sable, the harness studded or, garnished gules, and housed azure, with fringe and 
purfling or, adorned also with plumes of feathers or, azure, argent, and gules. 
Motto—" Surgit Post nubila Phcebus." 

[Granted by Sir William Dugdale, Garter, and Sir Henry St George, 
Norroy, 17th July 1677.] 

COATBRIDGE (Lanarkshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
common seal defies a concise verbal description. Motto — " Laborare est orare." 

COCKENZIE AND PORT SETON. Has no arms. The seal shows three 
escutcheons : {a) the Royal Arms of Scotland, {b) the arms of Seton, viz., three 
crescents within the double tressure, {c) a representation of Preston Tower. 
Between the escutcheons are a swan (the crest of the Earl of Wemyss), a stag's 
head couped (the crest of Cadell), and an anchor. 

COCKERMOUTH (Cumberland). Has no armorial bearings. 

COCOS ISLANDS (otherwise Keeling Islands). Refer to Straits Settlements. 

COIRE, Bishopric of Argent, a goat salient sable. 

COLCHESTER (Essex). Gules, two staves raguly and couped argent, one in 
pale, surmounted by another in fesse between two ducal coronets in chief or 
the bottom part of the staff enfiled with a ducal coronet of the last. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms (see Fig. a).] 

On 3rd March 191 5 the Corporation of Colchester considered a report by 
Alderman Benham concerning the arms of the Borough, which drew attention 
to their emblazonment on the Letters Patent granted to Colchester, 7th July 
141 3, by King Henry V., this being the earliest known example of them, and 
in pursuance of a motion by the Alderman it was resolved to revert to the 
original form as appearing upon the Letters Patent " and as also employed 
upon the Common Seal of the Borough, adopted at about the same date, and 
used continuously as the Borough Seal for over four centuries." 

As will be seen from the illustration (Fig. B), the difference consists of the 
method of the intersection of the limbs of the cross and the introduction of three 
nails therein below the crowns. It is, of course, possible the nails were originally 
constituent parts of the arms, but knowing the licence claimed in early times 
by heraldic artists, and considering the character of the emblazonment upon the 

194 



AN , i!!/"i/%.* 




CLYDEBANK 




J B L. i 9 I 



COACHMAKERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

charter, the probabilities seem rather in favour of these alleged differences being 
no more than artistic elaboration of the arms by an ecclesiastic to emphasize 
the legend of their origin. 

[Refer to "The Essex County Standard," 6th March 191 5, and "The Essex 
Review," January 1914.] 

Is it simply a coincidence that these arms are identical with those of the 
town of Nottingham (except that in the latter case the staves are vert), or is 
there some connection ? The arms of Colchester are frequently quoted wrongly 
as "gules two staves raguly and couped argent one in pale surmounted by 
another in fesse between four ducal coronets or." The following newspaper 
cutting records a legend which has evidently been accepted in the designing of 
the present seal of the Corporation. I give it for what it is worth : — 

" Colchester offers us a remarkable escutcheon ; no less remarkable is the 
story attaching to it. We shall at once recognise the cross with branches or 
enragled, as heralds term it [they don't; they call it ' ragulcd ' or 'raguly' — 
Ed.] with four crowns in the angles. This is a token of the discovery of the 
true cross by the Empress Helena, who was a native of Britain, and is said to 
have been the daughter of Coel, a British chieftain whose territor}' was adjacent 
to Colchester. St Helena married Constantius, and was the mother of the great 
Christian Emperor Constantine, who caused her to be proclaimed Empress. 
She was not converted to the Christian faith till she was about sixty years old. 
At this age she undertook a journey to the Holy Land, and on her arrival at 
Jerusalem she was seized with the desire of finding the true cross. She was 
informed that she would be able to do this if she could discover the holy 
sepulchre where Christ had been laid, as the Jews were accustomed to bury the 
instruments of punishment near the grave of the person who had suffered. Now 
the heathens had, out of aversion to the Christian religion, raised a mound over 
the place of our Saviour's entombment, and had built a temple to Venus upon 
it, so that those who visited the holy places out of devotion to Christ might 
appear to be paying homage to a pagan deity. The Empress, however, ordered 
excavations, and the result was that three crosses were found. It was, however, 
quite uncertain still which cross was the one upon which the Saviour had been 
crucified. An ancient legend tells how this was determined. There happened 
to be at the time in Jerusalem a lady who was lying dangerously ill. It was 
decided to ask a sign from heaven by which the true cross of Christ might be 
recognised, and all the Christian community of Jerusalem joined in prayer for 
this object. One of the crosses was allowed to touch the sick lady. Nothing, 
however, ensued. Another cross was applied to her with a similar result. At 
last the remaining cross was brought to her bedside, and the invalid had scarcely 
touched it ere she was completely restored to health and strength. The last 
cross was therefore immediately recognised as the real cross, and was by the 
Empress's order enclosed in a case of silver and preserved in a magnificent 
church built to receive it." 

COLCHESTER, Bishop of As a Suffragan he has no oflicial arms. 

196 




COLCHESTER (Fig. A) 




COLCHESTER (Fig. B) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

COLDSTREAM (Berwickshire). Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

COLERAINE (Co. Antrim). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. Those represented upon the seal which appear to be in general use are 
" Argent a cross gules, in the first quarter a sword erect of the last, in the second 
quarter a fish naiant proper." (Probably founded upon the arms of the City of 
London.) An earlier seal presented by Sir Tristram Beresford, Bart, (so created 
1665, died 1673) shows different arms, viz. argent, a chevron azure, between two 
garbs in chief and a salmon in base proper, a chief of the arms of the City of 
London, the cross thereof charged in the centre with a harp. 

COLLEGE OF ARMS, His Majesty's. Argent, a cross gules between four doves, 
the dexter wings expanded and inverted azure. Crest — On a ducal coronet or, 
a dove rising azure. Supporters — Two lions rampant guardant argent, ducally 
gorged or. 

[The Kings of Arms have official arms, and the Heralds and Pursuivants 
use badges for their offices. Refer to Garter, Clarenceux, and Norroy Kings ol 
Arms : Chester, Lancaster, Somerset, Richmond, Windsor, and York Heralds, 
and Rouge Dragon, Rouge Croix, Portcullis, and Bluemantle Pursuivants 
Refer also to Lyon Court for Scotland, and Ulster's Office for Ireland.] 

COLLEGE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. Refer to Holy Spirit. 

COLLEGE OF PROFESSORS OF CIVIL AND CANON LAW. Refer to 
Doctors' Commons. 

COLLEGES OF PHYSICIANS. Refer to Physicians. 

COLLEGES OF SURGEONS. Refer to Surgeons and Veterinary Surgeons. 

COLOGNE. Argent, on a chief gules, three crowns or. 

As to this device of the three crowns the following extract from one of the 
Harleian MSS. is interesting : 

" Collin (Cologne), the city which then at that time of day florished much 
and afforded rayre commodetes, and these mercha'ts that vsually traded to that 
citye set vp their signes ouer ther dores of ther Houses, the three Kinges of 
Collin, with the Armes of that Citye, which was the Three Crouens of the 
former kings in memorye of them, and by those signes the people knew in 
what wares they deld in." 

The old legend is that early in the fourth century the bodies of these three 
kings were discovered and moved to Constantinople by the pious Empress 
Helena. Thence they found their way to Milan. After the taking of Milan by 
the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, in the year 1162, the precious relics were 
granted to Reinaldus, Archbishop of Cologne, who brought them to that city, 
which proved to be their final resting-place. Cologne, proud of the honour, 
adopted as her arms, argent, on a chief gules, three royal crowns or. 

198 






> 




<SS^ 








\ 


^ 


w ^ 


\J 




COLERAINE 



COLOGNE 




COLLEGE OF ARMS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

COLOGNE, Elector and Archbishop of. Quarterly: i, argent, a cross sable (for 
the archbishopric of Cologne), 2, gules, a horse salient argent (Westphalia), 
3, gules, three human hearts, two and one, or (for Engern), 4, azure, an eagle 
displayed argent (for Arensberg). 

COLOMBO, See of (Ceylon). Argent, a passion cross entwined by a snake coiled 
in base proper, on a chief azure, a dove volant holding in its beak an olive- 
branch, all proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

COLONIAL ASSOCIATION. Refer to North American Colonial Association. 

COLUMBIA, BRITISH. Refer to British Columbia. 

COLUMBIA See of (Canada). (Woodward says hereafter to be called Vancouver.) 
Argent, a cross pattce quadrate in the centre gules, a chief of the arms of 
Burdett-Coutts quarterly viz., i and 4, argent, a stag's head erased gules, between 
the attires a pheon azure, all within a bordure embattled of the last charged 
with four buckles or (Coutts), 2 and 3, azure, two bars or, on each three martlets 
gules (Burdett). 

[Of no authority.] 

COLUMBIA, REPUBLIC OF. Azure, on a fesse argent, a cap of liberty, gules, 
in chief a pomegranate or, seeded gules between two cornucopias proper, the 
base a landscape showing the Isthmus of Panama between two ships in full 
sail in the sea all proper. 

[An earlier coat was decreed, 4th October 1821, as follows: "Two cornucopias 
filled with the fruits of the frigid, temperate, and torrid districts, surrounding the 
Columbian fasces, which shall be composed of a bundle of lances, and the battle- 
axe placed sideways, bows and arrows crossed in the centre, and tied below with 
a tri-coloured ribbon."] 

COMB MAKERS' COMPANY (London). (Incorporated 4th April 1636.) Azure, 
a lion passant guardant between three combs or. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a mount, thereon an elephant standing against a tree all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

COMMISSIONERS OF REVENUE (Ireland), (Grant of a seal.) In a scutcheon 
a ship proper, in a chief a harp between two anchors with this circumscription — 
"The Scale of the Commissioners of the Revenue of Ireland." 
Granted by St George, Ulster, May 24, 1670. 

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. Refer to Australia. 





COLOMBO, SEE OF 



COLUMBIA, SEE OF 




COLUMBIA 



TPE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CONGLETON (Cheshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following are, how- 
ever, claimed and used : — " Sable, a chevron between three tuns argent." Crest 
— Upon water proper and between two lucies or (.' conger-eels) haurient and 
issuant therefrom a tun floating proper, thereon a lion statant guardant gules. 
Motto — " Sit tibi sancta cohors comitum." The colours of the shield are also 
quoted vice versa. The Crest is the design taken bodily from the older seal 
belonging to the Borough. The seal itself is of brass, and is supposed to date 
from the thirteenth century. The Town-Clerk, in a most courteous letter, 
informs me that an impression of the seal is attached to the first charter {circa 
1286) by Henry de Lacy, Earl of Chester, as Commissary of King Henry HI. 
Another seal of a later date (1624) shows a rose surmounted by a Royal Crown 
between the letters l.R. This is of silver. 

CONGO STATE. Azure, a fesse argent, in the dexter chief point a mullet of five 
points or, an inescutcheon sable, charged with a lion rampant or. Supporters 
— Two lions regardant or. Motto — " Travail et progress." 

CONNAUGHT, Province of (Ireland). Per pale argent and azure, on the dexter 
a dimidiated eagle displayed sable, and on the sinister conjoined therewith at 
the shoulder a sinister arm embowed proper ; sleeved of the first, holding a sword 
erect also proper. 

[Recorded in Ulster's Office.] 

CONNECTICUT, U.S.A. (State Device). A shield charged with three trees 
from mounts on the dexter side, war trophies, and on the sinister the emblems 
of justice ; behind the escocheon an explosion. Motto — "Qui trans sust." 

CONNOR. Refer to Down and Connor, and Dromore, Bishop of 





CONNAUGHT, PROVINCE OF 



CONGLETON 




THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CONSTABLE. Refer to Aberdeen, Constable of, Lord High Constable of 
England, and Lord High Constable of Scotland. 

CpNSTANCE, Bishopric of. Gules, a cross argent. 

CONWAY (Carnarvonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
castle triple-towered issuing from water. The legend is " Sij. Provestri e de 
Conewey." 

COOKS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated nth July 1482.) 
Argent, a chevron engrailed gules between three columbines proper, stalked and 
leaved vert. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a mount vert, thereon a cock 
pheasant proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a buck proper, attired or, (sinister) a hind 
proper, each pierced in the shoulder with an arrow or. Motto — " Vulnerati non 
victi." 

[Granted by Sir Gilbert Dethick, 6th September 1557.] 

COOKS, COMPANY OF (Dublin) (Guild of St James). Sable, three escallops 
argent on a chief or, a mullet between two fleurs-de-lis gules. Crest — On a 
wreath or and sable a sea-lyon parted per fess gules and vert, holding an escallop 
argent in the paws. Supported on the dexter side with a lyon per fesse sable 
and argent charged on the shoulder with a mullet or, thereon a pellet surmounted 
with another mullet argent, armed and langued gules, for the sinister side a 
stag, party per fess undee sable and argent charged on the shoulder with a 
flower de luce or, armed and unguled or. Motto — " God maintain our rights." 

[Arms confirmed and crest and supporters granted by Thomas Preston, 
Ulster, circa 1639.] 



204 




CONSTANCE, BISHOPRIC OF 




COOKS, COMPANY OF (LONDON) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

COOPERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 29th April 1501.) 
Gyronny of eight gules and sable, on a chevron between three annulets or, 
a royne (a grose) between two broad -axes azure, a chief vert, thereon three 
lilies argent. Crest— On a wreath or and azure, a demi-heathcock, the body 
azure, sem(^^e of annulets gold, the wings argent, semee of annulets, sable, holding 
in the beak a lily silver slipped and leaved vert. Supporters— Ty^o camels gules, 
bridled or, semee of annulets of the last. Motto—'' Love as brethren." Mantling— 
Azure doubled argent. (Ancient motto, " Laude Maria Virgo.") 

[Granted 12th October 1509. Grant printed in Frith's "Historical 
Memoranda of the Coopers' Company." Re-exemplified, College of Arms, 24th 
February 1909.] 

COOPERS (Aberdeen). Refer to Wrights and Coopers. 

COOPERS' COMPANY (Chester) used the same arms as the Coopers' Company of 
London. 

[Of no authority.] 

COOPERS (Durham). Refer to Carpenters. , 

COOPERS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of. 

COOPERS AND HELLYARS, Company of (Exeter). (Incorporated 1566.) 

Gyronny of eight gules and sable, on a chevron argent, a grose or drawing- 
board between two adzes of the second, on a chief of the third, three lilies 
slipped and leaved azure. Motto — " Qui fulget molam fugit farinam." 
[Of no authority.] 

COPENHAGEN (Denmark). Argent, on a mount in base vert, a tower, and in the 
gateway thereof a man in armour brandishing a sword all proper, the tower sur- 
mounted by an increscent or, the whole between two smaller towers also proper, 
each surmounted by a star or. Supporters — Two lions or. 

CORBRIDGE (Northumberland). Has no armorial bearings. Upon the seal of 
the County Council of Northumberland the following are displayed as those 
appertaining to Corbridge ... a cross flory . . . between four human heads 
couped at the neck and facing each other. 

CORDINERS, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Azure, a cutting-knife proper 
ensigned with a marquis's coronet or. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register — Refer snh Edinburgh.] 

CORDNERS. Refer to Cordiners. 

CORDOVA (Spain). Argent, a lion rampant gules, armed, langued and pierced 
through the body by an arrow in bend sinister, point upwards, azure. 

3o6 




COOPERS, COMPANY OF (LONDON) 





bra^:>' 



CORDOVA 



COPENHAGEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
CORDWAINERS. Refer to Cordiners. 

CORDWAINERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 26th 
April 1439.) Azure, a chevron or, between three goats' heads erased argent, 
attired of the second. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a goat's head erased 
argent, attired or. 

[Granted 25th June 1579. Grant printed "Misc. Gen. et Her.," i. 242.] 

CORDWAINERS' COMPANY (Exeter). (Incorporated 1387.) Used the same 
arms as the Cordwainers of London. Molto—" Vi nulla invertitur ordo." 
[Of no authority.] 

COREA, See of. Gules, sem^ of leaves, a cross moHne or, all within a bordure 
wavy argent. 

[Of no authority.] 

CORFE CASTLE (Dorsertshire). Rerry says : — " Hath not any armorial ensign. 
The seal, which is very ancient, is on a ground diapered with martlets and 
fleurs-de-lis, a castle with two towers, surmounted with a tower in the centre, 
over each tower an ostrich feather." 

CORK, County of. Has no armorial bearings. 

CORK, City of (Co. Cork). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
Those attributed to the city and generally used are — Or, on waves of the sea 
a ship of three masts in full sail proper, between two towers gules, upon rocks, 
also proper. Motto — " Statio bene fide carinis." Burke, in his " General 
Armory," blazons the coat " Or, an ancient ship between two castles in fesse 
gules." 

CORK, See of Argent, a cross patt^e gules, charged with a crozier in pale, enfiled 
with a mitre labelled or. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct, and its present use 
is illegal.] 

CORK, CLOYNE, and ROSS, Bishop of. According to Crockford only the arms 
of the See of Cork are made use of, but Woodward combines them, putting Cork 
in chief and Cloyne in base. 

CORK. Refer to Queen's College, Cork. 



208 





CORDWAINERS 



COREA, SEE OF 




CORK, CITY OF 




CORK, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CORNWALL. Sable, fifteen bezants, five, four, three, two, and one. Motto — " One 
and all." 

These arms are recorded in the Heralds' College as the arms of the 
Duchy of Cornwall. The seal of the County Council also displays them. Many 
derivations and meanings have been hung on the foregoing, and Planchd (in 
his " Pursuivant of Arms "), who was seldom at fault, gives the following 
explanation. 

" But to begin with the Golden Roundel, which is called a Bezant, from a 
coin of Byzantium or Constantinople, whence the popular conclusion that this 
charge was introduced into Armory during the Crusades, although its being 
called after something it resembled, does not quite prove the source of its 
adoption, as it was sometimes called a Talent, from the coin of that name. 
Upton blazons the arms of the Duke of Cornwall with a ' bordure de sable 
Talentee.' The border Bezantee or Talentee of Richard King of the Romans 
also is no representation of coins, but of Peas (Poix), being the arms of Poitiers 
or Poictou (Menestrier, Orig. p. 147), of which he was Earl, and not of his other 
Earldom of Cornwall, as imagined by Sandford and others. The adoption of 
the Bezants as the arms of Cornwall, and by so many Cornish families on that 
account, are all subsequent assumptions, derived from the arms of Earl Richard 
aforesaid, the Peas having been promoted into Bezants by being gilt, and become 
identified with the Cornish Escutcheon, as the Garbs of Blundeville are with that 
of Chester, or the coat of Cantelupe with that of the See of Hereford. It has 
been pointed out to me that the arms of Poitiers given by Menestrier refer to 
the family of that name, and not to the city or the province of Poictou. This  
was not apparent in the edition I possess. But, conceding this point, I still 
adhere to my poix, as, with the exception of Edmond, son of Richard, Earl of 
Cornwall, who bore the whole arms of his father, I do not find the Earls of 
Cornwall, who were not Earls of Poictou, bearing bezants in any way. John of 
Eltham, Earl of Cornwall, as the son of Edward H., might prefer to bear 
England with a border of France ; but the arrogant favourite Piers Gaveston, 
Earl of Cornwall, who we might naturally suppose would have gloried in the 
display of the ancient coat of his earldom, presents us only with three or six 
eagles. The fact of roundlets being borne by the family of Poitiers is still 
valuable as collateral evidence, if, on the other side, we are to attach any 
importance to the bearing of bezants by Cornish families, the family of 
Cornwall continue to bear the arms of the Earl of Poictou, from whom they are 
illegimately descended ; and therefore that coat cannot be brought in support of 
one opinion more than the other. Otho, Earl of Poictou, it is said, has only a 
lion on his shield ; but, then, Otho was the son of Henry the Lion, of Brunswick, 
and that was his paternal coat. We have no proof that he bore it as the arms 
of his earldom." 

Another explanation, which figured in a letter to the Western Morning 
News, is as follows : — 

" In the days of the earlier Plantagenets the pawnbrokers of Cornwall were 
the most enterprising and prosperous merchants in all England. When King 

210 



W WW 

• # 




CORNWALL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

John desired to hypothecate his crown jewels to raise money for a war in France, 
5 of the principal ' uncles ' of Cornwall — Ben Levi, of Truro ; Ben Ezra, of 
Penzance; Moses, of Mevagissey (the other two names are illegible, see 
Manuscript CXLIX., British Museum) — formed an association, the Ancient and 
Hon. Association of Pawnbrokers, to take over his debts. The ' trade-mark ' 
of the company was fifteen balls (the three balls of the five merchants united 
into one bunch), with the motto ' One and All ' to indicate that no business 
could be arranged without a quorum of all five members. 

"When Edward I. ascended the throne this association was the most 
powerful in Cornwall. That Prince, following out his usual policy of exalting 
the merchant class, chose the trade-mark of the Ancient and Honourable 
Association of Pawnbrokers to be the coat-of-arms of the county of Cornwall. 

" Further information on the subject will be found in ' An Ancyent and 
Ynterestyng Account of Ye Cornish Arms,' of which there is a copy in the 
British Museum." 

CORPORATION OF ACCOUNTANTS OF AUSTRALIA. Refer to Account- 
ants. 

CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1351, by the Alder- 
men and Guild of Cambridge.) Qrly. i and 4, gules, a pelican in her piety 
argent, vulning her breast proper, 2 and 3, azure, three lilies argent, two 
and one. 

[Granted 23rd December 1570, College of Arms.] 

CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded 15 16, by Richard Fox, 
successively Bishop of Exeter, Bath and Wells, Durham, and Winchester, and 
Lord Privy Seal to Kings Henry VH. and VIII.) 

The escocheon divided into three parts paleways, the centre division 
argent, thereon an escocheon charged with the arms of the See of Winchester 
ensigned with a mitre, all proper, the dexter side azure, a pelican with wings 
endorsed feeding her young or, vulning her breast gules, being the arms of 
Richard Fox ; on the sinister side the arms of Hugh Oldham, Bishop of Exeter, 
viz., sable, a chevron or, between three owls argent, on a chief of the second 
as many roses gules. 

[Recorded in College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of Oxford. 
1574. As to the division of the shield refer to note, sub Brazenose College.] 

CORSICA. Argent, a Moor's head couped in profile proper. 

[The above as the arms of Corsica were granted as an augmentation to Lord 

Minto.] 

COUPAR. See Cupar. 

COUPAR-ANGUS (Forfarshire). Has no arms, and its seal is not heraldic. 



212 





CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE (CAMB.) CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE (OXFORD) 




CORSICA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

COVE AND KILCREGGAN. Has no arms. Those in use are argent, a repre- 
sentation of the Public Hall of the Burgh, on a chief azure an eagle displayed 
between two ancient Norse galleys. Crest — An eagle's head erased. Alotto — 
"Aquila non captat muscas." 
[Quite bogus.] 

COVENTRY (Warwickshire). Party per pale gules and vert, an elephant 
statant and on his back a castle triple-towered and domed both or. Crest— A 
leopard (or is it a cat ?) statant guardant proper. Recorded in the College of 
Arms. A Motto is sometimes used — namely, " Camera Principis." For some 
reason this coat seems always to be drawn, and frequently to be quoted, with 
the elephant standing on a mount proper. 

COWBRIDGE (Glamorganshire). Party per chevron gules and argent, in chief 
semee of cross crosslets and two lions rampant of the last, and in base over 
water a bridge and three arches, thereon a cow passant all proper. Crest — A 
cow proper, holding in the mouth an ear of wheat leaved and slipped gold, and 
supporting with the dexter forefoot an escocheon or, charged with three 
chevronels invected gules. Motto — " Awn rhagom." 
[Granted, College of Arms, April 7, 188S.] 

COWDENBEATH (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents the buildings at the mouth of a pit, and has the legend 
" the Seal of the Burgh of Cowdenbeath." 

CRACOW (Galicia — Austria). Azure, a battlemented wall surmounted by three 
towers gules, porte ouverte, portcullis raised or, and in the gateway an eagle 
displayed argent, crowned or, in chief an Imperial crown proper. 

CRACOW (as borne in the Ecu Complet of Austria as established by Imperial 
Decree, 1836). Gules, an eagle displayed argent, armed, crowned, and with 
" Klee Stengel " or. 

CRAIL (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
represents upon waves of the sea an ancient vessel of one mast, the sail furled, 
and in chief stars and a crescent. The legend is " Sigillum commune burgi de 
Karale." 

CREDITON, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 



214 





COWBRIDGE 



COVENTRY 




h\ A M h\ / \ M/A /•> A 



I.I. I. I 



1. T.I.I 







CRACOW 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CREWE (Cheshire). Has no armorial bearings. The " picture " in use is another 
of these " Illustrated Bits," absurdities which pass the wit of man to understand. 
Whoever was responsible for its concoction and conception has raised up a 
lasting memorial to his own ignorance, to put it mildly ; and that any Cor- 
poration composed of a Mayor, Aldermen, and Councillors should contain no 
one with sufficient heraldic knowledge (and very little would have sufficed), or 
even artistic taste, which is a much more general commodity, to have objected 
when such a design was submitted is difficult to believe. The said design 
consists of an escutcheon cjuarterly of four. As the Town-Clerk, in writing, 
guilelessly puts it, the design of Crewe " represents the present and past means 
of locomotion, one panel (!) representing the stage-coach, another the canal- 
boat, another the pack-horse, and the last the pillion ; and a locomotive steam- 
engine at the head." The illustration is a very accurate representation, and to sum 
it up, I should like to say the shield contains seven horses, ten men, one woman, 
a stage-coach, and a canal-boat, a canal, a towing-path, a road, two ranges of 
mountains, four trees, and incidental surroundings. A few of the people are 
omitted on the notepaper, presumably for the sake of convenience. Above the 
shield is placed a mural coronet in the position of a coronet of rank (! ! !) [I 
have taken upon myself to omit the coronet. — Ed.] And above this is placed 
upon a wreath showing nine twists a locomotive engine and tender ! (Upon the 
notepaper a line of rails is placed, which causes the absence of a signal-post to 
be noticed.) The Motto is "never behind." This, as a delightful piece of 
sarcasm, will doubtless be appreciated by any one constantly using Crewe 
Railway Station. One eagerly awaits new quarters for the motor-car and 
aeroplane. 

CRIEFF (Perthshire). Has no armorial bearings. I quote the following de- 
scription of the seal from a newspaper cutting. The seal is supposed to be 
emblematic of historic scenes in the district. In pre-historic times the Earls 
of Strathearn — scions of the Royal Family — had their stronghold or castle 
situated on Tomachastel, a conical hill some three miles west of Crieff, and on 
which now stands Sir David Baird's monument, a conspicuous object in the 
valley of the Earn. Singularly enough, too, the title is still held by one of 
Royal Family of Great Britain, the Duke of Connaught and Strathtarn. The 
Earls of Strathearn, who flourished in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, 
were succeeded by the Stewards of Strathearn, and they held courts in a field 
about a mile south from the town, now part of the estate of Broich. Down till 
the beginning of the present century the " stayt " or " skeat " where the Court 
was held was about twelve yards in diameter, with the centre raised, on which 
the Earls or Chief Judges sat. In 1850 the then Laird of Broich demolished 
the " stayt." The seal represents the Earl sitting on the mound dispensing 
justice. On his left is the Cross of Crieff, also a pre-historic relic. In the 
foreground are the Crieff iron stocks or pillory, which are still seen at the door 
of the Court-House. 

216 




CREWE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
CROATIA. Chequy argent and gules. 

CROMARTY (Co. Ross and Cromarty). Has no arms. Those in use are Or, 
three boars' heads erased. Motto — " Mean weil, speak weil and doe weil." 
[Of no authority, being the arms of Urquhart of Cromarty.] 

CROMARTYSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Refer to Ross and Cromarty. 

CROMARTY (Cromartyshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 

/ CRONSTADT (Russia). Refer to Kronstadt. 

CROYDON (Surrey). Quarterly argent and or, a cross parted and fretted gules, 
between three Cornish choughs proper in the first quarter, as many crosses 
pattee fitchee sable in the second, a cross flory azure charged with three bezants 
fessewise in the third and a fesse embattled of the third in the fourth. And for 
the Crest — On a wreath of the colours upon a mount vert, a crosier fessewise or, 
thereon a fountain in front of a tilting-spear in bend, surmounting a sword in 
bend sinister, the whole between two tufts of rye-glass proper, banded gold. 
Motto — " Sanitate Crescamus." 

[Granted, College of Arms, August lo, 1886.] 

CROYDON, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

 CUBA. Refer to Illustration. 

CULLEN (Banffshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
represents the Virgin standing on a kind of throne and holding the infant Jesus ; 
and below is a dog. The legend is " Sigillum urbis de Cullen." Many cor- 
porate seals exhibits a great crudeness in the design and in the engraving, but 
in the opinion of the editor the seal of Cullen is far and away the most 
lamentable. 

CULROSS (Perthshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
represents a church (Cat. of Her. Exn. says that of St Serf), in the doorway of 
which is standing a figure with hands clasped in prayer : above the doorway 
upon an escrol being the inscription " S. Servanus." The legend is " Sigillum 
commune burgi de Culros." 

CUMANIA. Argent, a lion rampant gules, in the dexter chief a crescent, in the 
sinister an estoile, both argent. 



218 




CROATIA 




CROMARTY 





CUMANIA 



CROYDON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CUMBERLAND. Has no armorial bearings. Some design suggested by the 
supposed arms of Carlisle is usually made use of. 

CUMNOCK (Ayrshire). Has no arms, and its seal which is not heraldic, is a repre- 
sentation of the Market Cross. 

CUPAR or CUPAR-FIFE (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bear- 
ings. Three seals all bearing slightly different achievements have come under 
the editor's notice. As to the arms, it is an open question whether the field 
be gules or whether it be or. The charges seem to be always shown as three 
wreaths of laurel, but one seal adds a double tressure flory and counterflory. 
There does not appear to be any variation as to the Crest, " a lion rampant," or 
as to the Motto, " Unitas," but one of the seals shows as supporters on either 
side of the escutcheon an angel, the two interior wings being crossed in saltire 
above the escutclieon, and each holding in their exterior hands a palm-branch. 

CURRIERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 30th April 
1606). Azure, a cross engrailed or, between four pairs of currier's shaves in 
saltire argent, handled of the second. Mantle — Gules, double argent. Crest — On 
the wreath of the colours, two arms embowed proper, vested to the elbows argent 
issuing from clouds of the first, holding in the hands a shave as in the arms. 
Supporters — (Dexter) an elk proper, attired and unguled or, (sinister) a goat 
argent, armed and unguled or. Motto — " Spes nostra Deus." 
[Recorded in the College of Arms. Misc. Gts., i. 115 b.\ 




CURRIERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

CURSITOR'S INN (London). Gules, on a chief argent, two mullets sable, a 
bordure compony (or cheeky) or and azure. 
[Of no authority.] 

CUTLERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 1415.) Gules, 
three pairs of swords in saltire argent, pommels and hilts or. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, an elephant argent, armed or, bearing a castle or, the trappings 
and girths argent, with two pennons displayed from the castle gules. Supporters 
— Two elephants or. Motto — " Pour parvenir a bonne foy." 

[The arms with the crest " on a wreath of the colours, an elephant's head 
couped gules, armed or," were granted by Thomas Holme, Clarenceux, 1476.] 

CUTLERS' COMPANY (Sheffield). (Incorporated by Act of Parliament, 
24 Jas. I., c. 31.) Argent, on a fess indented vert, between three pairs of 
swords ill saltire proper, pommels and hilts sable, eight arrows interlaced 
saltirewise banded of the field between two garbs or. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, in front of an elephant's head couped or, two swords in saltire as 
in the arms. Motto — " Pour y parvenir a bon foi." 
[Granted College of Arms.] 

CUTLERS, PAYNTER-STAYNERS, AND STATIONERS, Guild of 
(Dublin). Quarterly three coats : i, gules, two swords in saltire prope.p between 
four cross crosslets fitchee or , 2, party per chevron or and azure, three eagles' 
heads erased counter-changed ; 3, party per chevron azure and argent between 
three Bibles proper, in chief a dove with wings expanded argent ; fourth as first ; 
over all an inescutcheon party per pale azure and gules a harp or. Crest — On a 
helm and wreath of their " cullers " a phcenix in flames proper. Supported on 
each side with St Luke and St Peter with this Motto— ''W\s unita valet." 
[Gtd. by Richard St George, Ulster, April 13, 167 1.] 

CYPRUS. Although Cyprus is administered by the United Kingdom it is really 
part of the Ottoman Empire, and no power exists in this country to assign arms 
to it. But the Admiralty publish for use by the High Commissioner of Cyprus 
upon the Union Flag a white disc showing two lions passant guardant in pale 
gules. 



222 




CURSITOR'S INN 




CUTLERS' COMPANY (SHEFFIELD) 




CUTLERS, COMPANY OF (LONDON) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DAILUAINE GLENLIVET DISTILLERY, LIMITED. Or, a lion rampant 
gules, on a chief of the last, three ears of barley slipped, conjoined on one stalk, 
between two antique crowns of the first, and in an Escrol under the shield 
this motto — " Dulce et utile." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1896.] 

DALBEATTIE (Kirkcudbrightshire). Has no arms. Those in use are those of 
the old Earls of Nithsdale, viz., Argent, an eagle with two heads displayed 
sable, beaked and membercd gules ; on the breast an escutcheon charged with a 
saltire sa., surcharged with an urcheon, between in chief a tree, and in the flanks 
and base a mullet. Crest — A stag lodged under a holly bush. Motto — " Respice 
prospice." 

[Of no authority.] 

DALKEITH (Edinburghshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
Those in use are. Quarterly: i, the arms of Graham (or, on a chief sable, 
three escallops) ; 2, the arms of Douglas (argent, a man's heart imperially 
crowned all proper, on a chief azure three mullets of the field) ; 3, the arms of 
Scott (or, on a bend azure, a star of six points between three crescents of the 
field); 4, a representation of the old Church of Dalkeith, over all on an 
inescutcheon a representation of the Palace of Dalkeith with two crowns in 
chief. Supporters — Two armour-clad warriors each holding a Lochaber axe. 
Motto — " Olim custodes semper defensores." 

[This coat about i860 was selected after public competition by the local 
Volunteers, then the Town Trustees "jumped" it, so did the Police Commis- 
sioners, and now the Burgh has appropriated it, and from beginning to end it is 
bogus and nobody has a right to it. What a place Dalkeith must be.] 

DALMATIA. Azure, three leopards' faces crowned or. 

DANIEL STEWART'S COLLEGE (Edinburgh). Refer to Stewart's College. 

DANZIG (Prussia). Gules, two crosses pattee in pale argent, in chief an open 
crown or. 



224 




DAILUAINE 



DALBEATTIE 





DALMATIA 



DANZIG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DARLINGTON (Durham). Has no armorial bearings. Debrett's " House of 
Commons " gives argent, on a chevron gules, between a representation of the 
" Rocket " locomotive attached to a tender and railway waggon in chief and a 
bull's head cabossed in base, three bales of cotton (?). Crest — A dexter hand 
couped below the wrist holding a pickaxe in bend sinister. Motto — " Floreat 
industria." 

DARMSTADT (Germany). Per fesse gules and azure, on a fesse sable between 
a demi-lion rampant issuing from the fesse in chief or, and a fleur-de-lis argent 
in base, a plate. 

DARTMOUTH (Devonshire). (Gules), the base barry wavy (argent and azure), 
thereon the hulk of a ship, in the centre of which is a king robed and crowned 
and holding in his sinister hand a sceptre, at each end of the ship a lion sejant 
guardant (all or). 

The entry made at the visitation and retained in the College shows no 
tinctures, but the foregoing are believed to be correct. The design upon the 
present seal is somewhat different and more in accordance with the arms as 
quoted in Burke's " General Armory " — namely. Gules the base wavy of six 
argent and azure, thereon the hulk of a ship, in the centre of which sits a man 
representing a king in the robes of majesty, crowned with an open coronet, in his 
dexter hand a sceptre, in his sinister a mound, on each side a lion rampant 
guardant resting their forefeet on the shoulders of the king, all or. Berry adds 
this note: — " This seems to be the fancy of some painter, formed on an inspec- 
tion of the Corporation Seal, wh. is very ancient, and represents the hulk of 
a ship on waves ; in the centre of the vessel a bust of a man, vested over the 
shoulder, and cro)vned with an antique coronet; on the dexter side in chief a 
crescent, on the sinister a mullet of six .points ; on each side the bust of a 
demi-lion issuing from the dexter and sinister sides of the seal, and resting his 
forelegs on the vessel. The legend round the seal, Sigillum Commune de 
Cliftone Dartemuthe." 

DARVEL. Has no arms. Those on the seal are azure, a spindle and a shuttle 
paleways in fesse, on a chief argent, an ancient lamp. Motto — " Non sibi sed 
cunctis." 

[Home-made, and of no authority.] 

DARWEN, OVER (Lancashire). Or, a fesse wavy with cottices also wavy azure, 
between three sprigs of the cotton-tree slipped and fructed proper. And for 
the Crest — On a wreath of the colours in front of a demi-miner habited proper, 
holding over his shoulder a pick or, a shuttle fessewise of the last, thread pendent 
proper. Motto — " Absque labore nihil." 

Granted, College of Arms, August 7, 1S78. 



226 





DARMSTADT 



DARLINGTON 




DARTMOUTH 




i^ 




-::>J 



DARWEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DAVENTRY (Northamptonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal repre- 
sents a man standing upon a mount between the figures 15 and 95, holding over 
his dexter shoulder an axe, and in his sinister hand one of the branches of a 
tree growing out of the mound. The legend upon the seal which has been sent 
to me is " Sigillum commune burgi de Danetre. N.S." Burke and Berry quote 
spellings of the legend both differing from the foregoing and from each other. 

DAVID'S, ST. See St David's. 

DEAL (Kent). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents party per pale, three 
demi-lions passant guardant in pale conjoined to as many hulks of ships. (Refer 
to the Cinque Ports.) On the Corporation notepaper there is the same achieve- 
ment used as a coat-of-arms, with the colours shown as follows : — Per pale gules 
and azure three demi-lions passant guardant in pale conjoined to as many 
hulks of ships argent. The Corporation also use as a crest two towers placed 
immediately upon or issuing from the top of the shield. The editor would 
suggest that if the said towers were placed upon a wreath (see illustration) it 
would be more in accord with the laws of heraldry, and if the Corporation would 
obtain a grant of arms in the proper manner it would be better still. 

DEAN AND FACULTY OF ADVOCATES. Refer to Advocates, Dean and 
Faculty of. 

DEFENCE, Masters of. Gules, a sword pendent argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

DELAMERE, Forest of. (Quartered by Done, of Utkinton, as the foresters 
thereof.) Argent, a buglehorn sable. 

DELAWARE, U.S.A. (State Device). A .shield, a fesse wavy, in chief a wheat- 
sheaf and hank of flax in bend counter-bend, and in base upon a mount an 
ox : supported on the dexter side by a husbandman, the right hand supporting a 
hoe, and pointing to the ox, and holding in the left over the arms, on a wreath, 
the crest, viz. a ship in full sail towards the sinister ; the shield supported on the 
sinister side by the right hand of a man in a rural dress, holding a gun in the 
left, with a bugle powder-flask and pouch, slung from the shoulder, and pendent 
on the right side. Motto — "Liberty and Independence." The sea, ships, and 
highland in perspective. 

DELMENHORST. Refer to Denmark. 

DENBIGHSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County Council 
shows a lion rampant within the legend "Seal of the Denbighshire County 
Council. Duw a digon." 



228 




DEAL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DENBIGH (Denbighshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents upon a 
mount acastleof three tiers, the two towers upon each of the lower tiers being each 
surmounted by a spire of the fane, and in thegateway of the castle being a leopard's 
face jessant-de-lis. Upon a smaller mount in front of that upon which is the 
castle is a greyhound couchant, and upon either side of the castle is an escutcheon 
each surmounted by a plume of three ostrich feathers issuing from a ducal 
coronet, that on the dexter bearing the arms of France and England quarterly, 
and that on the sinister being charged with a lion rampant. The legend is 
"Sigillum cummunitatis burgi de Denbigh." 

DENMARK, Kingdom of. Quarterly of four principal quarters, i, or, semee of 
hearts gules, three lions passant in pale azure, ducally crowned or (for Denmark) ; 
2, or, two lions passant in pale azure (for Sondergylland-Slesvig); 3. per fesse the 
chief azure, three crowns or (for Scandinavia — refer to Sweden) ; the base com- 
posed of three coats, namely, on the dexter side, gules a stockfish (or dried cod) 
argent crowned or (for Iceland) ; on the sinister side, in chief azure, a ram statant 
argent (for the Faroe Islands); and in base azure, a bear sejant erect argent 
(for Greenland) ; 4, per fesse, in chief or, a lion passant in chief azure, the base 
sem^e of hearts gules (for Gothland); and in base gules, a wyvern passant and 
crowned or (for Vandalia) ; over the four grand quarters separating them the 
cross of the Dannebrog, i.e. a cross pattee throughout argent, fimbriated gules ; on 
the centre an escutcheon of four coats, namely, i. gules, an inescutcheon per 
fesse argent and of the field, between three passion nails in pairle points towards 
the centre, and as many demi-nettle-leaves also argent (for Holstein) ; ii. gules, a 
swan with wings elevated argent, ducally gorged gules (for Stormarn) ; iii. gules, 
a cavalier on horseback, holding in his dexter hand a sword (for Ditmarsken) ; 
iiii. gules, a horse's head couped or (for Lauenborg) ; and over all an in- 
escutcheon of the family arms of the Counts of Oldenborg ; namely or, two bars 
gules (for Oldenborg) ; impaling azure, a cross pattee alesee or (for Delmenhorst). 
Supporters — On either side, a savage wreathed about the head and waist with ivy, 
and each holding in the hand a club, the great end resting .upon the ground. 
Motto — " Dominus mihi adjutor." 

[The full coat as above is usually made use of, but sometimes the first quarter 
only is used, with or without the supporters.] 

DENNY and DUNIPACE (Co. Stirling). Has no arms, and its seal, though 
fearful and wonderful, is not heraldic. 

DENSTONE COLLEGE. Uses the arms of the see of Lichfield. Motto— 
" Lignum crucis arbor scientiE." 
[Of no authority.] 

DEPTFORD, Borough of (London). Has no armorial bearings. 



230 




DENMARK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DERBYSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Those in use for a long time have 
been " Argent a rose (? gules) regally crowned (? or)," and these (with lettering 
enough to stock a type-founder) now appear upon the seal of the County Council. 
Berry quoted them in his "Dictionary of Heraldry," but as "Argent, a treble 
rose regally crowned between the letters A and R." Occasionally the arms 
attributed to the town of Derby (argent, on a mount vert, a stag lodged within 
park-pales and gate, all proper) have been used for the County. 

DERBY (Derbyshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those usually quoted and in 
general use are " Argent, on a mount vert, a stag lodged all within park-pales 
and a gate, all proper." The seal, which is very ancient, simply represents a stag 
as lodged in a wood. 

DERBY, Bishop of. As a Suffragan lie has no official arms. 

DERBY SCHOOL Quarterly: t and 4 the arms of the town of Derby. 2 and 3 
the arms of the see of Lichfield. Motto — " Vita hominis sine literis mors est." 
[Of no authority.] 

DERRY. See Londonderry. 

DERRY, See of. Ancient — Argent, a church proper (another, confirmed by 
D. Mulleneux, Ulster, 24th May 161 3). Gules, three mitres or, the labels 
argent. Modern — Gules, two swords in saltire proper pommelled and hilted 
gold, on a chief azure an Irish harp gold stringed argent. [Confirmed by 
Carney, Ulster, c. 1690.] 

[The modern coat remains in use, but through the disestablishment of the 
Irish Church it is really extinct and its present use is illegal.] 

DERRY AND RAPHOE, Bishop of According to Crockford the arms in use 
are per pale (dexter) the modern arms of the See of Derry (to which refer), 
sinister, the arms of the See of Raphoe (to which refer). There is no authority 
for such usage. 

DEVIZES (Wiltshire). Party per pale gules and azure, a castle in perspective, the 
whole forming a hexagon, the front triple-towered, and the two outer towers 
domed all or, each dome surmounted by an estoile sable. 

Recorded in the Visitation Books at the College of Arms. 

DEVONPORT (Devonshire). Per fesse azure and argent, in chief a naval crown 
encircled by two branches of oak in saltire slipped or, and in base a ship in frame 
proper, and for the Crest — On a naval crown or, an anchor between two dolphins 
haurient heads downwards and respecting each other proper. Motto — " Prorsum 
semper honeste." 

Granted 6th November 1876. 



232 




DERBY 




DERRY, SEE OF 





DEVIZES 



DEVONPORT 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DEVONSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Those of the city of Exeter have 
been usually pressed into the service. The seal of the County Council of Devon 
shows three escutcheons : I. of Exeter, namely, Party per pale gules and sable, 
a triangular castle or; II. of Lord Clinton, Lord Lieutenant of the County and 
Chairman of the County Council, namely, quarterly i and 4 argent a chevron 
between three spindles sable (for Trefusis) ; 2 azure, three bears' heads couped 
close argent, muzzled gules, and in chief a cross pattee (for Forbes) ; 3 or, a bend 
gules, surmounted of a fesse chequy azure and argent, in chief a crescent of the 
third, a canton ermine (for Stuart); III. of the Earl of Morley, Vice-Chairman 
of the County Council, namely, sable, a stag's head caboshed within two flaunches 
argent. The legend is " The Common Seal of the County Council of Devon, 
1889." 

DEWSBURY (Yorkshire). Chequy or and azure, on a chief engrailed sable, a 
cross patonce of the first, between two owls argent. Crest — In front of a cross 
patonce fitchee azure, an owl argent. Motto — " Deus noster refugium et virtus." 
Granted, College of Arms, 24th February 1893. 

The chequy field is derived from the arms of the ancient Earls of Warren, 
and the owls from the achievement of the Savile family. 

DIJON (France). Per fesse, the base gules, the chief per pale, dexter azure 
seme-de-lis or, abordure, compony argent and gules, the sinister or, three bends 
azure, a bordure gules. 

DINDINGS. Refer to Straits Settlements. 

DINGWALL, Royal Burgh of. Azure, the sun in his splendour between five 
mullets or. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1897.] 



«34 




DEWSBURY 





DIJON 



DINGWALL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DISTILLERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 9th August 
1638.) Azure, a fesse wavy argent, in chief the sun in splendour, encircled with 
a cloud distilling drops of rain all proper, in base a distillatory double armed 
or, on a fire proper with two worms and bolt receivers of the second. Crest- 
On a wreath of the colours, a garb of barley environed with a vine fructed both 
proper. Supporters — (Dexter) the figure of a man representing a Russian habited 
in a long robe azure, collar light blue, vested gules garnished and pommel of 
sword or, stockings also or, turned up azure, breeches yellow, cap gules, turned 
up argent, (sinister) an Indian proper vested round the waist with feathers gules 
and vert, wreathed about the temples with feathers as the last, in his hand a 
bow, at his back a quiver of arrows all proper. Motto — " Drop as rain, distil 
as dew." 

[College of Arms. Granted by Borough, Garter 1639, Misc. Gts., iv. 8.] 

DISTILLERY. Refer to Dailuaine Glenlivet Distillery, Ltd. 

DITMARSKEN. Refer to Denmark. 

DIVINITY or LOGIC SCHOOL (Cambridge). Refer to Cambridge University 
Regius Professors. 

DOCTORS' COMMONS, or College of the Professors of Civil and Canon Law. 

Gules, on a bend argent, three trefoils slipped vert, all within a bordure of the 
third. 

[Of no authority.] 

DOLLAR. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

DOLLAR INSTITUTION (Dollar). Has no arms. Those in use are : Azure, a 
lymphad sail furled ... a chief per pale gules and or, on the dexter side a 
hand couped at the wrist, and on the sinister side a lion rampant, the whole 
within the Royal tressure. Motto — " Juventutis veho fortunas." 

DOMINICA. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

DOMINION OF CANADA. Refer to Canada. 



236 




DISTILLERS, COMPANY OF 




DOCTORS' COMMONS 




DOLLAR INSTITUTION 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DONCASTER (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following are in 
general use, however, and are given in Burke's " General Armory " : Gules, a 
castle with loophole, gateway and portcullis, each tower surmounted by a 
cupola, and thereon a pennon waving argent, in chief a royal crown or. Crest — 
(which is the design upon the Corporation seal) — Upon a cushion ermine, a lion 
sejant erect or, supporting between his forepaws a staff argent, thereon a banner 
azure, fringed and tasselled also or, charged with a castle as in the arms, 
skirted by a river proper, and thereon in capital letters the word DoN. Motto — 
" Confort et Hesse." (Burke quotes it " Son confort et liesse.") 

DONEGAL, County of. Has no armorial bearings. 

DONEGAL (Co. Donegal). Has no armorial bearings. 

DORCHESTER (Dorset). Has no armorial bearings. The seal at present in use 
represents a castle triple-towered upon a mount, and in front of the castle an 
escutcheon quarterly, i and 4 France and England quarterly, 2 Scotland, 3 
Ireland. The legend is, " The Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of Dorchester, 
Dorset, 1836." The ancient seal, confirmed by Hervy Clarenceux in 1565, has 
the shield in front of the castle quarterly of 4, viz., I and 4 France (ancient), 2 and 
3 England, and a different legend. Burke, in his " General Armory," quotes this 
as a coat-of-arms, making the field gules and the castle argent, masoned sable 
upon a rock proper. 

DORNOCH (Sutherlandshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
Those occasionally quoted are " Argent a horse-shoe azure," but a copy of the 
seal is more generally made use of The seal, which has for legend simply the 
word " Dornoch," represents an escutcheon, and thereon within a horse-shoe the 
arms, crest, and motto of the family of Sutherland — namely, gules three mullets 
or. Crest — A mountain cat sejant guardant. Motto — " Sans peur." The follow- 
ing extract is taken from the " Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland " : — " Close outside 
the town, says Worsaae, there stands the Earl's Cross, a stone pillar in an open 
field, which is simply the remains of one of those market crosses so often 
erected in pre-Reformation times. As a matter of course, the arms of the Earls 
of Sutherland are carved on one side of the stone, and on the other are the 
arms of the town — a horse-shoe. Tradition, however, will have it that the pillar 
was reared in memory of a battle fought towards the middle of the thirteenth 
century by an Earl of Sutherland against the Danes. In the heat of the fray, 
while the Earl was engaged in hand-to-hand combat with the Danish chief, his 
sword broke ; but in this desperate strait, he was lucky enough to lay hold of 
a horse-shoe (the whole leg of a horse, say some) that accidentally lay near him, 
with which he succeeded in killing his antagonist. The horse-shoe is said to 
have been adopted in the arms of the town in memory of the feat; and the 
name Dornoch is popularly derived from the Gaelic dorn-eich, a horse's hoof, 
though dor-n-ach, ' field between two waters,' is a far more probable etymon." 

238 




DONCASTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DORSET, County of. Has no armorial bearings. It is usually credited with some 
design taken with varying accuracy from the seal of Dorchester, but the seal of 
the County Council e.vhibits (without tinctures) three lions passant gardant in 
pale. These are probably suggested by the old seal of Melcome Regis. 

DORTMUND (Germany). Argent, an eagle displayed sable, armed gules. 

DOUGLAS (Isle of Man). Has no armorial bearings. A view of the Tower of 
Refuge in Douglas Bay frequently does duty. 

DOUNE. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

DOVER (Kent). [Argent] St Martin on horseback with a beggar [all proper], a 
bordure [gules] sem6 of lions [passant guardant or]. 

At the Visitation of Kent in 1574, the entry relating to Dover runs : " The 
Armes of the Towne and Port of Dover Incorporate by the name of the 
'Mayor and Jurates' in the tyme of Edward III." Then follow sketches 
described as " The comon Seale of the Towne and Port of Dover" (a representa- 
tion of St Martin on horseback issuing from a city gate, together with a beggar 
and all within a circular border seme of lions guardant passant and counter- 
passant), "the reverse of the said comon seal" (a ship at sea, etc.) and "The 
Mayor's Seal," which has the arms showing three dimidiated lions passant 
guardant, and hulks of ships which seem to be in use in the Cinque Ports. 

The fact that the Visitation entry begins " the armes " places their status 
beyond doubt, and this is confirmed by an ancient MS. book in the College 
of Arms (not, however, an official record) which gives the arms of Dover as the 
device of St Martin and the beggar with a bordure seme of lions. In this, 
however, the castellated gateway is omitted. 

DOVER, Bishop of As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

DOWN, County. Has no armorial bearings. The following, however, have 
been lately invented for, and in the neighbourhood, namely, " Per fesse vert and 
azure, on a fesse between two spinning-wheels in chief or, and a ship of three 
masts in full sail upon the sea in base, a garb between two weaver's shuttles 
fesseways proper." Motto — " Industria." 

DOWN AND CONNOR, See of. Azure, two keys indorsed in saltire or, suppressed 
by a lamb in fesse argent. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office and also in the College of 
Arms, remains in use, but through the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is 
really extinct and its present use is illegal.] 

DOWN AND CONNOR AND DROMORE, Bishop of According to Crock- 
ford only the arms of Down and Connor (to which refer) are made use of, 
but according to Woodward this coat is usually quartered with the arms of the 
See of Dromore, 

240 





DORTMUND 



DOVER 




COUNTY DOWN 



POWN AND CONNOR, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DOWNING COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1800 under the will, dated 
1 7 17, of Sir George Downing, Bt., K.B., of Gamlingay.) Barry of eight argent 
and vert, a griffin segreant or, within a bordure azure, charged with eight roses of 
the first, seeded and barbed proper. Motto — " Quaerere verum." 
[Granted, College of Arms, i8th April 1801.] 

DOWNPATRICK (Co. Down). Has no armorial bearings, but occasionally makes 
use of those quoted for Co. Down. They are placed over the Record Court in 
the County Court House at Downpatrick. 

DRAPERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 15th July 1364.) 
Azure, three clouds proper, radiated in base or, each surmounted with a triple 
crown or, caps gules. Crest — On the wreath of the colours, a mount vert, thereon 
a ram couchant or, armed sable. Supporters — Two lions argent, pellette. Motto 
— " Unto God only be Honour and Glory." 

[Arms granted by Sir William Bridges, Garter, 1439. Crest and Supporters 
granted by William Hervey, 1590; some alterations made by Sir William 
Segar, Garter, in 1614, and the whole approved and entered at the Visitation of 
the City of London by Henry St George, 1634.] 

DRAPERS AND TAYLORS, Company of f Durham). The banner of St Cuthbert 
with the arms of the Company of Merchant Taylors and Drapers of the City of 
London. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

DRESDEN (Saxony). Per pale, the dexter, or a lion rampant sable, the sinister 
pal}' of six sable and or. 

DRESSERS. See Dyers and Dressers sub Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of. 



242 




feu/ERERE-VERUM 




DRESDEN 



DOWNING COLLEGE 




DRAPERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
DROGHEDA, County. See Louth and Drogheda. 

DROGHEDA (Co. Louth). Has no armorial bearings. In Burke's "General 
Armory " the following are quoted: — " Az., per pale dimidiated, on the dexter 
side three lions pass, guard, in pale or, on the sinister as many hulls of 
ships in pale of the last, surmounted by a castle with two towers triple-towered 
argent. N.B. — The small seal of Drogheda exhibits on the shield az. three 
crescents issuant therefrom as many ectoiles all ar." But the armorial bear- 
ings as they appear to be used and as they are quoted in the Dublin Penny 
Magazine, 4th May, 1833, are azure (upon a mount) an embattled gateway of two 
towers argent, portcullis sable, surmounted by pennons gules, on the dexter three 
lions of England issuant or, on the sinister appearing to sail behind the gate, a 
ship having St George's ensign displayed over her stern. Crest — On a wreath 
a star within the horns of a crescent argent. Motto — " Deus presidium mercatura 
decus." 

DROITWICH (Worcestershire). Gules, a sword of state paleways point down- 
wards proper, hilt and pommel or, surmounted of two lions passant of the last, 
impaling quarterly i and 4 chequy argent and sable 2 and 3 gules two . . . 
(Berry and Burke both blazon them barrows) in pale argent. Recorded in the 
College of Arms at the Visitation of Worcester, 1634. Berry adds a note that 
originally the arms of the town were the two last coats quarterly. 

DROMORE, See of Argent, sem^e of trefoils slipped vert, a cross patt^e gules, on 
a chief azure, the sun in splendour. Another coat, argent two keys in saltire the 
wards in chief gules, surmounted by an open book in fesse proper between two 
crosses pattee fitchce in pale sable. 

[Both these coats are recorded in Ulster's Office, but through the disestab- 
lishment of the Irish Church they are really extinct, and their present use is 
illegal.] 

DROMORE. Refer to Down and Connor and Dromore, Bishop of 

 DRONTHEIM (Norway). Refer to Trondheim. 



244 





DROITWICH 



DROGHEDA 




DROMORE, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DUBLIN, City of. Azure, three castles argent, flammant proper. Supportcrs^On 
either side a female figure proper, vested gules, lined or, that on the dexter side 
holding in her exterior hand a sword erect proper, pommel and hilt or, and that 
on the sinister a pair of scales, and each holding in her interior hand a branch of 
laurel. Motto. — " Obedientia civium urbis felicitas." 

[Recorded in Ulster's Office Visitation of Dublin, 1607.] 
The dexter figure typifies "Law," and the sinister "Justice." The arms 
are almost invariably surmounted by the fur cap of office (worn by the sword- 
bearer), and behind the shield are usually placed in saltire the sword and mace 
of the city. 

DUBLIN, Archbishopric of. Azure, an episcopal staff ensigned with a cross pattee 
or, surmounted by a pall argent, edged and fringed gold, charged with five 
crosses formee fitchee sable. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office and also in the College of 
Arms, remains in use, but through the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is 
really extinct, and its present use is illegal.] 

DUBLIN, COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS. Refer to Physicians. 

DUBLIN, County of Has no armorial bearings. 

DUBLIN, University of. Refer to University of Dublin and refer to University 
College. 

DUBLIN, Trading Corporations. Refer to Barber-Surgeons, Blacksmiths, 
Brewers, Bricklayers and Plasterers, Butchers, Cooks, Cutlers, Paynter Stayners 
and Stationers, Goldsmiths, Merchants' Guild, Taylors. 

DUDLEY (Worcestershire). Has no armorial bearings. Debrett's " House of 
Commons " gives an illustration of the following, which appear upon the seal : — 
" Gules on a fesse engrailed argent between in chief a representation of Dudley 
Castle, and in base a salamander in flames, a basket of coals (? a lump of iron 
ore or ? a fleur-de lis, or .'' a trilobite) between, on the dexter side an anchor, and 
on the sinister side a miner's safety lamp." Crest — A lion's head. 



246 




DUBLIN 





DUDLEY 



DUBLIN, ARCHBISHOPRIC OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DUFFTOWN (Banffshire). Has no arms. The seal has on an escutcheon a 
representation of the tower in the centre of the Town Square. 

DUKINFIELD, Borough of (Cheshire). Quarterly azure and argent, a cross 
pointed and voided quarterly of the last and sable, between in the first quarter a 
raven close, and in the fourth a garb, both or. Crest — Out of a crown palisade or, 
a cubit arm vested azure, cuffed argent, the hand proper, holding an escutcheon 
of the second charged with the sun in his splendour of the first, between two 
ostrich feathers of the third. — Motto — " Integrity." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 24th March 1900.] 

These arms are based on those of the Dukinfield family, and a "docken " is 
a local name for a raven. 

DULWICH COLLEGE (Dulwich, London). Argent, a chevron between three 
cinquefoils gules. 

[These are the arms of Alleyne, the founder of the school, but the school 
has no authority for their use.] 

DUMBARTONSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The elephant from the arms 
of the town of Dumbarton appears, however, to have been placed upon a wreath 
and used as a crest below the town motto. 

DUMBARTON (Dumbartonshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows: — 
" The Royall Burgh of Dumbritaine gives for Ensignes Arnioriall azuy ane eliphant 
passant argent, tusked or, bearing on his back a tower proper. The Motto in ane 
escroU is fortitudo et fidelitas." 

DUMFRIESSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County Council 
exhibits two escutcheons — i. Gules an orle argent (being the arms attributed to 
John Balioll) ; and 2. Argent, a saltire and a chief gules (being those intended 
for Robert Bruce) — above is an open crown and below is a heart gules. 

DUMFRIES (Dumfriesshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents the figure of a saint mitred, a wing attached to his dexter 
shoulder and holding in his sinister hand a crosier with the legend " Sigillum 
burgi de Dumfreis." 

The following blazon has, however, been supplied to the editor as the arms 
of Dumfries: — "Argent, the Archangel Michael proper, vested in long garments 
azure, in his dexter hand a crosier, on his head a mitre, below his feet a serpent 
nowed both proper." No illustration of this has been available, and as the 
editor is not familiar with St Michael in this disguise he must be excused from 
any emblazonment thereof The " Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland " simply 
gives the seal. 



248 




DUKINFIELD 




DULWICH COLLEGE 




DUMBARTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DUNBAR (Haddingtonshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents a castle triple-towered. But a rather different design from this is 
made use of. 

Burke, in his " General Armory," blazons this as a coat-of-arms as 
follows : — " Az. a castle an masoned sa., windows and portcullis closed gu." 

DUNBLANE. Refer to St Andrews, Dunkeld, and Dunblane, Bishop of. 

DUNBLANE (Perthshire). Has no armorial bearings. The design upon the 
burgh seal is suggested by an old ecclesiastical seal. On the dexter side is St 
Laurence, and on the sinister side is a bishop (? St Blane), mitred and robed, his 
dexter hand raised in the action of benediction, and his sinister holding his 
crosier. 

DUNDALK (Co. Louth). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
Upon a sheet of Irish arms published by Messrs Marcus Ward & Co., Ltd., it 
is credited with the following : — " Azure, three falcons belled or." 

DUNDEE (Forfarshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows: — "The 
Royall Burgh of Dundie gives for Ensig7ies Annoriall azure a pott of growing 
lillies argent. The escutcheon being supported by two dragons their taills 
nowed together underneath vert, with this word in ane escroU above a lillie 
growing out of the top of the shield as the former. Dei Doiium." 

Confirmed to the Royal Burgh of Dundee by Sir Charles Araskine of Cambo, 
Lyon King of Arms, 30th July 1673. 

The deed of confirmation is still in the possession of the Corporation, but this 
has no painting upon it. 

The blazon as in the Lyon Register shows several discrepancies. In the 
first place, the supporters are termed dragons, whereas they are always repre- 
sented as wyverns, and secondly the motto also is quoted " Dei Domum," whilst 
there can be little doubt that it is intended for Dei Donum, and as no official 
painting accompanies the blazon in the records, it is doubtful in what manner 
the crest is intended to be used. The usual method of depicting it is issuing from 
a wreath in the ordinary manner as shown in the plate. 

A second motto, " Prudentia et candore," appears to be frequently made use 
of below the arms, but, so far as the editor is aware, without any authority. 

DUNEDIN, (New Zealand), See of. Gules, St Andrew bearing his cross before 
him proper, on a canton azure three estoiles, each of eight points argent, one and 
two. 

[Of no authority.] 



250 




DUNDALK 




DUNEDIN, SEE OF 




DUNDEE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DUNFERMLINE, ROYAL BURGH OF (Fifeshire). Azure, on a rock proper 
two lions supporting a tower with four steps argent, masoned sable, windows 
and portcullis gules, and in an Escrol over the same this Alotto — " Esto rupes 
inaccessa." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, May 12, 1909.] 

DUNGANNON Co. (Tyrone). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
castle, and rising from the battlements thereof another. Below is the date 
of 1760. 

DUNGARVAN (Co. Waterford). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. The " Common Seal of the advisers of Dungarvan " represents a number 
of figures, five of whom are crowned, around a table upon which are a number 
of maps, within an Irish motto (see illustration of the arms), the literal translation 
of which is " Not a mariner until a helmsman." The arms in use at the present 
time are, however, " Argent, on waves of the sea a two-masted ship sailing to the 
sinister between on either side on rocks a square tower all proper." Crest — An 
anchor sans beam, entwined by a dolphin haurient head downwards, all proper. 
Supporters — On the dexter side a warrior vested in a cloak and kilt, in his belt 
a sword, in his dexter hand a lance, and in his sinister a bow unstrung. On the 
sinister side a warrior habited in knee-breeches and a short cloak, his dexter 
hand supporting a battle-axe head downwards, and on his sinister arm a shield. 
Motto, in ancient Irish characters, for which see illustration. The Town-Clerk, 
in a very courteous letter, informs me that the arms were designed (! ! !) about 
30 years ago after a very exhaustive search had failed to discover the least trace 
of any insignia which had belonged to or been used by the ancient and extinct 
Corporation of Dungarvan. 

DUNHEVED. See Launceston. 

DUNKELD, See of (Scotland). Argent, a cross calvary sable, between two 
passion nails gules. 

[This coat is given in Burke's " General Armory," but it has never been 
matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

DUNKELD. Refer to St Andrews, Dunkeld, and Dunblane, Bishop of. 



252 





DUNFERMLINE 



DUNKELD, SEE OF 




''oS'i['i..V\?-. 



\ 



DUNGARVAN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DUNOON (Argyllshire). Has no arms. The seal shows a shield with a landscape 
design of a rocky headland, a castle, the sea, and an excursion steamer. Motto 
— " Forward." 
[Bogus.] 

DUNS (Berwickshire). Has no armorial bearings. On the seal is a shield bearing 
a castle within a bordure. Crest — An arm in armour enibowed holding a sword. 

Motto—" Invictu.s." 

DUNSTABLE (Bedfordshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those at present in 
use upon the seal and elsewhere are " Argent an ale-warmer . . . within a bordure 
engrailed sable." Motto — " Justitia omnibus fiet." 

DUNWICH (Suffolk). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a ship of 
three masts upon the waves, the mainmast ensigned with a flag of St George, the 
sails furled, the other two masts broken off at the round top, on the water four 
fish swimming to the dexter. 

DURHAM (County Palatine of). Has no armorial bearings. Versions and 
perversions of the arms of the city or of the See of Durham have been variously 
made use of The seal of the County Council has favoured and displays the 
latter, namely, "Azure, a cross between four lions rampant or." 

DURHAM, City of (Durham). Sable, a cross gules fimbriated argent. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

DURHAM, University of. See University of Durham. 

DURHAM, See of Azure, a cross or, between four lions rampant argent. [The 
mitre over the arms is encircled with a ducal coronet.] 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The earliest use of these arms was by Bishop Robert Nevili, 1438-57, but an 
older form of the arms is with a cross patonce. 



254 





DUNSTABLE 



DUNS 




DURHAM, CITY OF 




DURHAM, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

DURHAM, Church of (on a charter under the hand and seal of John Cosin, 
Bishop of Durham, 26th April 1671). Azure, a cross patoncee between four 
lions rampant or. 

DURHAM, Deanery of Azure on a cross or, between four lions rampant argent, 
the letter D sable. 

[Of no authority.] 

DURHAM, Trading Corporations. Refer to Mercers; Drapers and Taylors; 
Carpenters, Joyners, Coopers, Wheelwrights, and Sawyers. 

DUSSELDORF (Germany). Argent, a lion rampant gules, crowned or, support- 
ing an anchor azure. 

DYERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated i6th February 
1471). Sable, a chevron engrailed argent, between three bags of madder of 
the last, corded or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, several (three) sprigs of 
the grain-tree erect vert, fructed gules. Stipporters — Two leopards (? panthers) 
rampant guardant argent, spotted with various colours, gules, argent, vert, 
purpure and sable, fire issuing from their ears and mouth proper, both ducally 
crowned or. Motto — " Da Gloriam Deo." 

[Granted by Cooke, Clarenceux, 1577. Misc. Gts., i. 55.] 



DYERS, Company of (Chester). Sable, a chevron between three bags of madder 
:nt. 
[Of no authority.] 



argent. 



DYERS AND DRESSERS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of. 

DYSART ( Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal, the 
workmanship of which is wretched, represents a tree eradicated, within the legend 
" Sigil. de Dysert." The "General Armory," however, blazons this as a coat-of- 
arms, with the field argent and the tree proper. 



256 





DURHAM, DEANERY OF 



DUSSELDORF 




\, 



DYERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EALING, Borough of (Middlesex). Party per chevron gules and argent in chief, 
on the dexter side two swords in saltire points upwards proper, pomels and 
hilts o^ and on the sinister side three seaxes barwise in pale of-^the third, 
pomels and hilts to the dexter of the fourth, in base an oak-tree fructed and 
eradicated also of the third. Motto — " Respice, prospice." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 22nd February 1902.] 

EARL MARISCHAL OF SCOTLAND, Badge of Office. Two batons gules, 
semee of thistles or, each ensigncd with an imperial crown or, placed saltirewise 
behind his arms. 

EARL MARSHAL AND HEREDITARY MARSHAL OF ENGLAND, 
Badge of Office. Two batons of gold tipped with sable in saltire behind his 
arms. 

[A deputy Earl Marshal places one baton as above in bend dexter behind 
his shield.] 

[Both the foregoing are recorded in the College of Arms.] 

EARLSFERRY (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents an ancient one-masted ship in full sail upon the sea within the 
legend " Sig. comune burgi de Earles Ferri." 

EAST AFRICA PROTECTORATE. No warrant assigning arms to the Pro- 
tectorate has as yet been issued, but the following arms are in general use : — 
" Azure, a sun in splendour and in chief an Imperial crown all or." 

EAST ANGLIA. There is no body corporate competent to bear arms or to whom 

arms could be granted or assigned, but a flag has been invented for use in 

the Eastern Counties and considerable use is made of the design. This flag is — 

" Argent, a cross gules, surmounted by an Escutcheon azure, charged 

with three ducal crowns two and one or." 

This flag is, of course, quite unauthorised. 



258 





EAST AFRICA PROTECTORATE 



EALING 




EAST ANGLIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EAST EQUATORIAL AFRICA, See of. Sable (? gules)' a cross patee fitch^e 
argent, on a chief wavy ermine, a tent of the second between two millrinds 
sable. 

[Of no authority.] 

EAST GRINSTEAD (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
a double rose imperially crowned, on the dexter side " Sus," and on the 
sinister " Sex." ' 

EAST HAM, Borough of (London). Has no arms. 

EAST INDIA COLLEGE (Haileybury, Hertfordshire). This is not the same 
foundation as the present Haileybury College, to which refer. The arms of the 
United Company of Merchants of England trading to the East Indies, viz.. Argent, 
a cross gules, on a shield in the dexter quarter, the arms of France and England 
quarterly within a compartment adorned with an imperial crown, on a chief 
of augmentation azure, an olive -wreath between two open books proper, bound 
and clasped or. Crest— On a wreath argent and gules, a lion rampant guardant, 
on his head an Eastern crown or, holding between the forepaws a scroll with 
a seal pendent therefrom proper. Supporters — On either side a lion guardant, 
on the head an Eastern crown or. Motto — " Auspicio regis et senatus Anglise." 
[Granted by Royal Licence, 4th December 1807.] 

EAST INDIA COMPANY. (Incorporated by Queen Elizabeth in 1600.) Azure, 
three ships of three masts, rigged, and under full sail, the sails, pennants, and 
ensigns argent, each charged with a cross gules, on a chief of the second a pale, 
quarterly, azure and gules in the ist and 4th, a fleur-de-lis ; in the 2nd and 3rd, a 
lion passant guardant all of the second, between two roses gules seeded or, barbed 
vert. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a sphere without a frame, bound with 
the zodiac in bend or, between two split pennons flotant argent, each charged 
in chief with a cross gules ; over the sphere these words, " Deus indicat." 
Supporters — Two sea-lions or, the tails proper. Motto—'' Deo ducente nil 
nocet." 

[The shield in the foregoing arms was granted by William Camden, 
Clarenceux, 4th February 1600.] 

EAST INDIA COMPANY (New). (Established by Act of Tarliament in 1698, 
and united with the former.) Argent, a cross gules in the dexter chief quarter 
an escutcheon of the arms of France and England, quarterly, the shield orna- 
mented and imperially crowned or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a lion 
rampant guardant or, supporting between the forepaws an imperial crown proper. 
Stipporters — Two lions rampant guardant or, each supporting a banner erect 
argent charged with a cross gules. Motto — " Auspicio regis et senatus Angliae." 
[Granted by St George, Garter King of Arms, 1698.] 



260 




f^^ 




EAST EQUATORIAL AFRICA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EAST LAND COMPANY. (Incorporated tcvip. Elizabeth and Charles I., confirmed 
by Charles II.). Or, on the sea in base a ship of three masts in full sail all proper, 
the sails, pennants, and ensigns argent charged with a cross gules, on a chief 
of the last a lion passant guardant of the first. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, an allocamelus, or ass-camel proper. Supporters — Two bears proper. 
Motto— •' Despair not." 
[Of no authority.] 

EAST LINTON. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

EAST LOOE (Cornwall). Burke says, "Has no Armorial Ensign. The Seal 
represents an antique one-mast vessel, in it a man and a boy, against the side 
of the hulk three escutcheons each charged with three bends." 

EAST RETFORD (Nottinghamshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, 
which is very ancient and of very crude workmanship, represents, to quote 
Berry and Burke, two eagles with wings inverted and endorsed, the inner feet 
conjoined, with the legend " Sigillu de Este Rettfurthe istut." Berry adds a 
note — " It is not unlikely that the charges thereon were originally assigned to the 
Corporation as Arms . . . the colours are unknown." Burke adds a note — " A 
rose with a lion of England upon a chief is engraved as the Arms of this town 
upon some of the oldest plate belonging to the Corporation." 

EAST RIDING of the County of Yorkshire. See Yorkshire. 

EAST SUFFOLK. See Suffolk. 
EAST SUSSEX. See Sussex. 

EASTBOURNE (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. On the Corporation seal 
is a representation of a bogus coat-of-arms, which also appears on the note- 
paper as follows: — "Argent on a fesse between four bars gules, a rose between 
two stags' heads caboshed " (evidently taken from the Cavendish Arms). For 
a Crest, appears a sea-horse presumably proper, though the Corporation of 
Eastbourne evidently consider that a wreath to support the crest is a bygone 
and undesirable appendage. Motto — " Meliora sequimur." 

EASTBOURNE COLLEGE. Azure, on a cross argent, a rose gules, in the first 
quarter a stag's head caboshed of the second. Motto — " Ex oriente salus." 
[Of no authority.] 

EASTER ROSS FARMERS' CLUB. Parted per chevron gules and ermine, in 
the dexter chief an antique lamp or, flaming proper, and in the sinister chief a 
book, expanded of the third, in base a bull's head erased sable, horned and 
ringed gold, and in an Escroll under the same, this Motto — " Scientia naturam 
ducet." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1895.] 

262 




EASTBOURNE 





EASTBOURNE COLLEGE 



EASTER ROSS FARMERS' CLUB 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ECCLES, Borough of (Lancashire). Or, on a mount vert, an ecclesiastical 
building masoned proper, a chief azure, thereon between two sprigs of the 
cotton-tree slipped and fructed of the third a pale argent, charged with a 
representation of a Naesmyth steam-hammer sable. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, in front of a rock surmounted by a lighthouse, a ship under sail 
to the sinister all proper. Motto — " Lahore omnia florent." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 7th November 1893.] 

EDINBURGH. The entry in Lyon Register is as follows: — "The Royall Burgh 
of Edinburgh bears Argent a castle triple-towered and embattled, sable masoned 
of the first and topped with three fans gules, windows and portcullis shut of the 
last, situate on a rock proper. And on a wreath of the colours is set for Crest, 
An anchor wreathed about with a cable all proper. Motto, in an escrol above. 
Nisi Dominus Frustra. Supported on the dexter by a maid richly attir'd with 
her hair hanging down over her shoulders, and on the sinister by a doe proper." 

The patent granting these arms, which was presented for registration on 
the 23rd day of November 1774, is dated the 21st day of April 1732, and signed 
Alex. Brodie, Lyon. 

No painting of the arms exists in the Lyon Register. The patent 
mentioned cannot be found and as a " maid richly attir'd with her hair hanging 
down over her shoulders" is slightly indefinite, it is with no great sense of 
security that the accompanying illustration is put forward, The varying styles 
of " fashion, form, and feature " suggested to answer the requirements of the 
blazon are many and wonderful. The following legend, which the editor takes 
from a newspaper cutting, may or may not have reference to the arms of the 
town : — 

"The historians of that city cannot be accused of indifference to the 
antiquity of their town, for some of them maintain that its foundation dates as 
far back as 989 B.C., when, according to these fabulous accounts, Ebranke was 
King of Britain, as well as of Albanye or Scotland. Now King Ebranke seems 
to have been a thoroughgoing Bluebeard, having as many as twenty-one wives 
and half a hundred children. For his twenty-five daughters he built the Castle 
of Maydens, which is Edinburgh Castle, and which appears on the .'\rms of the 
town. Here he kept them until they were grown up, when he packed them all 
off to Italy to be married. Whether they all lived happy ever afterwards we 
cannot say. As to the Castle, we know that the early history of Edinburgh is 
chiefly confined to accounts of that stronghold. King David I. seems the first 
of the real kings who made it his residence. There is a picturesque story about 
his having gone out to hunt deer, and how he became separated from the rest 
of the party, and thrown from his horse near the castle gate. Here a white hart 
was rushing upon him to gore him, when a cross marvellously slipped into his 
hand, and the hart being frightened at seeing this, turned away and left him 
unharmed. The words of the motto are from Psalm cxxvii. and imply the 
vanity of human effort unless blessed by Heaven." 

264 




ECCLES 




EDINBURGH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
EDINBURGH, University of. See University of Edinburgh. 

EDINBURGH, See of. Azure, a saltire argent, in chief a mitre of the second, 
garnished or. 

[These arms were matriculated in Lyon Register in 1674 and are still 
in use, but by the disestablishment of the Episcopal Church in Scotland, they 
are really extinct and their present use is improper.] 

EDINBURGH, The Company of Merchants in. Argent, in the sea a ship 
under sail proper, flagged of Scotland, a chief tierced per pale azure vert and 
argent ; in the first, a saltire argent, charged with a thistle vert, and over it 
a crown or : in the second, two ells in saltire or, and from a cloud above a hand 
issuant holding a pair of balances proper ; in the third, a castle-triple towered 
sable. Crest — A sphere. Motto — " Terra marique." Supporters — Two sea 
unicorns. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 14th July 1693.] 

EDINBURGH, Trades Corporate Bodies. There are fourteen Corporate Bodies of 
Trades in Edinburgh : at the head of the whole Incorporation is a Deacon- 
Convener, elected annually. He wears as a badge of office a gold medal on 
which arms are engraved for the fourteen Trades. None of these have been 
matriculated in Lyon Register except the Surgeons. As they are separate 
coats-of-arms they are given herein under the several trades, viz.. Surgeons, 
Goldsmiths, Skinners, Furriers, Hammermen, Wrights, Masons, Taylors, 
Baxters, Fleshers, Cordners, Weavers, Wakers, Bonnet- Makers, to all of which 
refer. 

EDINBURGH AND GLASGOW BANK. Quarterly i and 4 argent, a castle 
triple-towered and embattled sable, masoned of the first, windows and portcullis 
shut gules, situate on a rock proper 2 and 3 argent, an oak-tree growing out 
of a mount in base with a bird standing on the top thereof and a bell hanging 
on a branch in the sinister side and surmounted by a salmon fessways in base 
with a ring in its mouth all proper. Crest — An anchor wreathed about with a 
cable, both proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 27th December 1849.] 



266 





EDINBURGH, SEE OF 



EDINBURGH AND GLASGOW BANK 




COMPANY OF MERCHANTS, EDINBURGH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EDINBURGH LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY. Gules, a chevron between an 
anchor and an ^Esculapian Rod in chief and in base a pair of scales, all or. 
Mantling — Gules doubled or. Crest — On a rock proper, a triple-towered castle 
sable, masoned argent, windows, portcullis, and flags gules, and on a compart- 
ment below the shield are set for Supporters — On the dexter a maid vested 
azure, and on the sinister a hind proper. 

[Marticulated in Lyon Register, February 24, 1908.] 

EDINBURGH, Royal Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons in. Refer to 
Physicians, and to Surgeons. 

EDINBURGH ACADEMY. Has no arms. Uses a device of the head of Homer. 

EDINBURGH INSTITUTION. Has no arms, but uses a device of the head of 
Athene within a garter bearing the Motto — " Doctrina vim promovet insitam." 

EDINBURGH ROYAL HIGH SCHOOL. Uses the arms, crest, and supporters 
of the City of Edinburgh with the City Motto below the shield. The school 
"uses, over the Crest, the additional Motto — " Musis respublica floret." 

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCOTLAND, The General Committee 
of Management of Or, a lion rampant gules, armed and langued azure, on a 
chief of the last a saltire argent, between a triple-towered castle upon a rock 
of the fourth, the castle masoned sable, and a terrestrial globe proper. Crest — 
Issuing out of a cloud, a dexter hand holding an open book erect, all proper. 
Motto (above crest) — " Doctrina vim promovet insitam." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 4th June 1852.] 

EGYPT. Gules, three mullets of five points each within the horns of a decrescent 
all argent. 



268 




EDINBURGH LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY 





EGYPT 



EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCOTLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ELBERFELD (Germany). Argent, on a grid-iron azure, a lion rampant gules, 
crowned or. 

ELGIN or MURRAY, County of. Has no armorial bearings. 

ELGIN (Elginshire). The Entry in Lyon Register is as follows: — "The Royall 
Burgh of Elgine bears Argent, Sanctus .lEgidius habited in his robes and 
mytred, holding in his dexter hand a pastoral staff, and in his left hand a 
clasped book, all proper. Supported by two angels proper, winged or, volant 
upwards, and the Motto, ' Sic itur ad astra' upon ane compartment suitabill to a 
Burgh Royal, and for their colours red and white. Recorded in terms of an 
Interlocutor of Lyon King of Arms of 2Sth November iS88, and agreeably 
to the blazon of James Skeen, Lyon Depute, of date gth October 167S. — 
(Signed) J. LORIMER, Lyon Clerk." 

ELIE, LIBERTY AND WILLIAMSBURGH (Fifeshire). Has no armorial 
bearings. The seal shows the Baird crest, "a griffin's head erased," with the 
Motto — " Dominus fecit." 

ELLON — Has no arms. The seal shows the three garbs of the Earldom of Buchan. 

ELPHIN, See of. Sable, two crosiers indorsed in saltire or, in base a lamb 
couchant argent, in chief a mitre of the second. 

[This coat is recorded in Ulster's Office, but through the disestablishment 
of the Irish Church it is really extinct and its present use is illegal.] 

ELPHIN. Refer to Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh, Bishop of 

ELSASS-LOTHRINGEN. Refer to Alsace-Lorraine. 

ELSING SPITAL (Spitalfields, London). Gules, a lion rampant barry of eight 
argent and sable. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

ELTHAM COLLEGE. Uses a device of a trident erect surmounted by a royal 
crown and entwined by two dolphins haurient respecting each other. Jlfotto — 
" Esto perpetua." 

[Of no authority.] 



270 




ELBERFELD 




ELPHIN, SEE OF 







1 1 II II i 



aiC ITUR MD ASTR/^ 



LJ-J Mil ^ 




ELGIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ELY (Cambridgeshire). Has no armorial bearings. Berry adds a note : — " This 
city is not a corporation, and therefore hath not any Arms." Those of the 
See, viz., "gu. three ducal coronets, two and one or," are by many persons, 
although erroneously, said to be the arms of the city. 

ELY, See of. Gules, three ducal crowns or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 
These arms first appear on the seal of Bishop William de Luda (1390-S). 

ELY, Dean of. Gules, three l<eys erect or, wards to the dexter. 
[Of no authority.] 

EMBROIDERERS' COMPANY. Refer to Broderers' Company. 

EMBROIDERERS' COMPANY (Bristol), Gules, two broaches in saltire argent, 
between two bundles or, on a chief of the second, a lion passant gules. 

[Previously the arms in use were those of the Broderers' Company of 
London, to which refer. There is no authority for the use of either by the 
Bristol Company.] 

EMBROIDERERS' COMPANY (Chester). Used the same arms as the 
Embroiderers' Company of Bristol. 

EMLY. Refer to Cashel and Emiy, Waterford and Lismore, Bishop of. 

EMMANUEL COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1584 by Sir Walter 
Mildmay, Knt., Chancellor and Treasurer of the Exchequer.) Argent, a lion 
rampant azure, holding in the dexter paw a chaplet of laurel vert, in chief a 
scroll sable thereon the word Emmanuel gold. 

[Recorded in College of Arms. Granted ist January 1588-9.] 

EMMANUEL COLLEGE OF BRISBANE. Parted per pale gules and or, on 
the dexter an open book proper, leaved gold, and in the sinister a lion rampant 
of the first, gorged with a collar of the second, on a chief azure, the constellation 
of the Southern cross argent. Mantling — Gules, doubled argent. Crest — On a 
wreath of the liveries, issuing from a mount, a burning bush proper. Motto 
(over crest) — " Nee tamen consumebatur," (below shield) " Fiat lux." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 31st May 1912.] 



272 




ELY, SEE OF 




EMMANUEL COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 




ELY, DEAN OF 







EMMANUEL COLLEGE OF BRISBANE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
ENGERN. Refer to Cologne, Elector of. 

ENGINEERS, Institution of Civil. Or, on a pale azure, between two annulets in 
fesse sable, a thunderbolt between in chief a sun in splendour of the first, and in 
base a fountain proper. Motto — " Scientia et ingenio.'' 
[Granted, College of Arms, 17th March 1913.] 

ENGLAND. Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or. Refer to Great Britain 
and Ireland. 

ENGLAND, Bank of Refer to Bank of England. 

ENNIS (Co. Clare). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 

ENNISCORTHY (Co. Wexford). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. Upon a sheet of Irish arms published by Marcus Ward & Co., Ltd., 
the following are given : — "Azure, on a mount vert, a castle or, and from the 
battlements an eagle issuant argent." 

ENNISKILLEN (Co. Fermanagh). Has no armorial bearings registered in 
Ulster's Office. The seal represents a castle triple-towered, each tower domed 
and flagged. 

EPSOM COLLEGE (Epsom, Surrey). Per pale azure and sable, three fleurs-de- 
lis or, on a chief of the last, an open book proper, inscribed with the words, 
" Olim meminisse juvabit," between in the dexter a lamp and in the sinister a 
Rod of jEsculapius, gules. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of an 
eagle's head, between two wings azure, three fleurs-de-lis gold. Motto — •" Deo 
non Fortuna." 

[Granted, College of Arms, June 7, 1910.] 

EREMUE, alias YARMOUTH (Isle of Wight). See Yarmouth. 

ERITH URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL (Kent). Argent, a fleur-de-lis sable 
between three lucies haurient two and one gules, on a canton of the last a horse 
forcene of the field Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a garb or, a 
stag courant gules. Motto — " Labour overcomes all things." 
[Granted, College of Arms, February 27, 1906.] 



274 





ENNISCORTHY 



INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS 




EPSOM COLLEGE 



ERITH URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
ESCLAVONIA. Refer to Austria. 

ESSEX. Has no armorial bearings. Gules, three seaxes fesseways proper (identi- 
cally as formerly claimed by Middlesex) are sometimes quoted as the arms. 

ETON COLLEGE. Sable, three lilies slipped argent two and one, a chief per 
pale azure and gules, on the dexter side a fleur-de-lis and on the sinister a lion 
passant guardant or. 

[Granted by Letters Patent under the Great Seal by King Henry VI., 
1st January 1449. Grant printed " Excerpta Historica," 47.] 

EVESHAM (Worcestershire). x'\zure, a prince's coronet (that is, composed of 
crosses patee and fleurs-de-lis) or, between two ostrich feathers in chief argent, 
the quills bezantee, and a garb in base of the second, all within a bordure sable, 
also bezantee. 

Recorded in the College of Arms at the Visitation of Worcestershire, 1634. 

Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James I., obtained for Evesham its Charter 
of Incorporation, hence the coronet and ostrich feathers of the Prince of Wales, 
the garb of the Earl of Chester, and the bordure sable bezantee of the Duke of 
Cornwall. 

EXCHANGE ASSURANCE COMPANY, Royal. Refer to Royal Exchange 
Assurance Compan}-. 

EXCHEQUER, Remembrancer of Refer to Stafford's Inn. 

EXCISE, Farmers of (Ireland). Refer to Farmers of Excise. 



276 




ESSEX 





ETON COLLEGE 



EVESHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EXETER (Devonshire). Party per pale gules and sable, a triangular castle with 
three towers or. Crest — On a wreath or and sable, a demi-lion rampant gules, 
crowned or, holding between the paws a mound of the last, banded azure, and 
surmounted with a cross botonnee gold. Stipporters — On either side a pegasus 
with wings inverted argent, maned and unguled or, charged on the wing with 
three bars wavy azure. Motto — " Semper fidelis." 

The coat-of-arms was ratified and confirmed, and the crest and supporters 
were granted, 6th August 1564, by Harvey, Clarenceux King of Arms, at the 
Visitation of Devonshire. 

The helmet is stated to be " manteled azur, dubled argent." 

Badge — In front of two swords in saltire, points upwards or, a Tudor hat 
gules embroidered gold. 

[Granted, College of Arms, October 16, 1907.] 

EXETER, See of Gules, a sword in pale point upwards argent, pomel and hilt or, 
surmounted by two keys in saltire, the wards upwards of the last. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 
These arms first appear on the seal of Bishop John Boothe (1465-78). 

EXETER, Dean of Azure, a stag's head cabossed or [Woodward gives argent], 
between the attires a cross pattee fitchee of the last. 
[Of no authority.] 



278 




EXETER 





EXETER, DEAN OF 



EXETER, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EXETER, Precentor of. Argent, on a saltire azure, a fleur-de-lis or. 
[Of no authority.] 

EXETER, Chancellor of Gules, a saltire argent, between four cross crosslets or. 
[Of no authority.] 

EXETER, Treasurer of Gules, a saltire engrailed between four leopards' heads or. 
[Of no authority.] 

EXETER COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in 1316 by Walter Staplcdon, Bishop 
of Exeter, Lord High Treasurer of England, and Secretary of State to Edward 
II. At first it was known as Stapledon Hall, but in 1404 Edmund Stafford, 
Bishop of Exeter, added two fellowships, and its name was changed. The 
bordure alludes to the arms of the See of Exeter. Argent, two bends nebuly 
within a bordure sable, charged with eight pairs of keys endorsed and inter- 
laced in the rings or. 

[Recorded in College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of Oxford, 
IS74-] 

EXETER MERCHANT ADVENTURERS. Refer to Merchant Adventurers 
trading to France. 

EXETER, Trade Companies. Refer to the several trades. 





EXETER, PRECENTOR OF 



EXETER, CHANCELLOR OF 




EXETER, TREASURER OF 




EXETER COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

EYE (Suffolk). Azure, a cross patonce between four martlets or, in chief two 
branches of . . . in saltirc vert, flowered argent, thereon an eagle perched with 
wings expanded of the last, ducally crowned of the second. And for the Crest 
— Upon the royal crown or, the cap gules, an estoile irradiated and charged 
with a human eye of the first. Recorded in the College of Arms. Motto — 
"Oculus in coelum " {sic). 

The seal represents the word Eye surmounted by an antique ducal coronet, 
with the legend, " Sigillum Comune Burgi de Eye." 

FALKIRK, Burgh of (Stirlingshire). Sable, on a bend bretessed accompanied 
by six billets or, three in chief and three in base, the Church of Falkirk between 
two swords and two highland claymores, both in saltire, the former surmounted 
of a shield of 1298, the latter of a target of 1746, all proper. On a compartment 
below the shield with the Motto — " Better meddle \\\ the deil than the bairns o' 
Fa'kirk, " is placed behind the shield for Supporter — A lion rampant affrontee 
gules, armed and langued azure, crowned with a mural crown argent, masoned 
sable, and in an Escrol over the same this Motto — " Touch ane touch a'." 
[Matriculated, Lyon Register, April 20, 1906.] 

FALKLAND ISLANDS. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to 
the Falkland Islands. 

FALKLAND ISLANDS, See of. Per fesse in chief argent, a cross gules, in 
base azure a map of South America. 
[Of no authority.] 

FALKLAND (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal, which is of very rude workmanship, represents upon a mount, and in front 
of a tree growing therefrom, a stag lodged regardant. The legend is, " Discite 
justitiam moniti temnere Christum." 

FALMOUTH (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents an 
eagle displayed with two heads charged on the breast and on each wing with a 
tower. 

FANMAKERS (or Fan-stickmakers), The Worshipful Company of (London). 
(Incorporated 19th April 1709.) Or, a fan displayed with a mount of various 
device and colours, the sticks gules : on a chief per pale gules and azure, on the 
dexter side a shaving iron over a bundle of fan-sticks tied together or, on the 
sinister side a framed saw in pale of the last. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, 
a hand couped proper, holding a fan displayed or. Motto — "Arts and Trades 
united." 

[Of no authority.] 

FARMERS' CLUB. Refer to Easter Ross Farmers' Club. 



282 





FALKIRK 



EYE 





FANMAKERS, COMPANY OF 



FALKLAND ISLANDS, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FARMERS OF EXCISE OF IRELAND. (Grant of a seal.) " In an escocheon 
an anchor and harp." " The Seale of the Farmers of the Excise and Customs 
of Ireland." 

[Granted by St George, Ulster, February 17, 1663.] 

FAROE ISLANDS. Refer to Denmark. 

FARRIERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 17th January 
1684.) Argent, three horse-shoes sable, pierced of the field. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, an arm embowed issuing from clouds on the sinister side all 
proper, holding in the hand a hammer azure, handled and ducally crowned or. 
Supporters — Two horses argent. Motto — " Vi et virtute." 
[Of no authority.] 

FAVERSHAM (Kent). Has no armorial bearings. But Burke's "General 
Armory " quotes " Gu. three lions pass, guard, in pale per pale or and an," and 
these arms appear upon the seal. 

FEDERATED STATES OF MALAY. Refer to Malay. 

FELSTED SCHOOL (Essex). Gules, a chevron between three crosses bottony 
or. Motto — " Garde ta foy." 

[Of no authority, being the arms of Lord Riche, the founder.] 



284 




FARRIERS, COMPANY OF 




FAVERSHAM 




FELSTED SCHOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FELTMAKERS, The WorshipfulCompany of (London). (Incorporated 2nd August 
1604.) Argent, a dexter hand couped at the wrist gules, between two hat-bands 
nowed azure, in chief a hat sable banded of the third. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, a naked arm embowed proper holding in the hand a hat sable, 
banded azure, lilotto — " Decus et tutamen." 
[Of no authority.] 

FENTON (Staffordshire). Had no armorial bearings, and, moreover, was not en- 
titled to bear them. Still the following have had very extensive use : — Argent, a 
cross diapered (of a lozenge pattern), between, in the first quarter, a vase (or soup- 
tureen) ; in the second, upon a mount two pottery kilns ; in the third, upon a 
mount a representation of a pit-mouth (.') ; in the fourth, upon a mount a garb 
in front of a plough, presumably all proper. Crest — A goat's head erased proper. 
Motto — " Onward and upward." The goat's head is said to be the crest of a 
family named Baker, who have for a long time resided in Fenton. It would be 
interesting to know if they had established any right to it themselves before 
passing it on to Fenton, who assuredly can have had none. Fenton now forms 
part of the Amalgamated Borough of Stoke-on-Trent, to wliich refer. 

FERMANAGH, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

FERNS AND LEIGHLIN, See of. Sable, two croziers endorsed in saltire or, sup- 
pressed with a mitre labelled of the last. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct and its present use is 
illegal. Woodward gives the foregoing coat as that of Leighlin, and attributes 
to Ferns that given by Burke as the modern arms of Ossory.] 

FERNS. Refer to Ossory, Ferns, and Leighlin, Bishop of 

FERRARA (Italy). Per fesse sable and argent. 

FETHARD (Co. Tipperary). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, an impression 
of which has come under the editor's notice, is quadrilateral in shape, simply 
showing upon a mount a stag trippant within the legend "The Corporation of 
Fethard Seal." But Burke in his " General Armory " says, " The Seal is a stag 
standing before a tree ppr." 

FETHARD (Co. Wexford). (Incorporated 161 3.) Gules, Mars in complete 
armour sable, garnished or, stockings whitish, his shoes sable, his kilt azure, on 
his head a plume, on his sinister arm a round shield of St George, brandishing 
in his dexter hand a sword proper, the whole between two lions passant guardant 
or. 

[Granted by Preston, Ulster King of Arms, April i, 1641.] 



2S6 





FELTMAKERS, COMPANY OF 



FERNS AND LEIGHLIN, SEE OF 




FERRARA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FETTES COLLEGE (Edinburgh). Has no arms. Those in use are : Or, a 
chevron between in chief two mullets (of six points), and in base a cross crosslet 
fitch^e gules. Crest — A bee volant in pale. Motto — " Industria." Supporters — 
(Dexter) a lion rampant gules ; (sinister) a stag proper, collared and chained or. 
[These are the arms of the founder of the College, and are used intact, even 
to the inescutcheon of a Baronet upon the chevron.] 

FEVERSHAM. See Faversham. 

FIFESHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents the crest of his 
Grace the late Duke of Fife. 

FIJI, Colony of. Argent, a cross gules, between in the first quarter three sugar canes 
couped, in the second a cocoa-nut palm also couped, in the third a dove volant 
holding in the beak a branch of olive, and in the fourth a bunch of banana fruits 
slipped all proper, on a chief of the second a lion passant guardant crowned or, 
holding between the forepaws a cocoa pod proper. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a Fijian canoe with outrigger in full sail proper. Supporters — (Dexter) 
a Fijian native affrontee, round his waist a Tapa sulu (kilt of mulberry-tree bark), 
holding in the exterior hand a barbed spear all proper ; (sinister) a like native in 
profile holding in the exterior hand a pine-apple club in bend sinister, all proper. 
Motto — " Rere vaka na kalou ka doka na tui " (" Fear God, honour the King "). 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 4th July 190S.] 

FINLAND. Refer to Russia. 

FINSBURY, Borough of (London). Has no arms. 

FIRENZE (Italy). Refer to Florence. 

FISHERMEN'S GUILD (Beufeld, Alsace-Lorraine). 17th century— Azure, an 
oar in pale or, surmounted by two fish in saltire, heads downwards argent. 

FISHERY COMPANY, ROYAL, or ROYAL COMPANY OF FISHING. 

Barry wavy of six argent and azure, an ancient galley with one mast, and pennon 
or. Crest — In a prince's coronet or, three tridents sable, points upwards gold. 
Supporters — (De.xter) a merman ; (sinister), a mermaid, both proper, and crined 
or, each holding in the exterior hand the Union banner. Motto — " Messis ab alto." 
[Granted by Walker, Garter, 13th December 1664.] 




FETTES COLLEGE 




FIJI 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FISHMONGERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Originally two 
Companies, the Salt Fishmongers and the Stock Fishmongers, united 1537. 
Earliest charter, 1272, to Salt Fishmongers.) Azure, three dolphins naiant 
in pale argent, finned or, between two pairs of lucies in saltire (the 
sinister surmounting the dexter) proper, over the nose of each lucy a ducal 
crown of the third, on a chief gules, three pairs of keys endorsed in saltire or. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, two cubit arms erect, the dexter vested or, 
the sinister azure, both cuffed argent, holding in the hands proper a regal crown 
of the last. Supporters — (Dexter) a merman proper, on his head a helmet the 
body only covered in armour, in his dexter hand a sabre all of the first ; (sinister) 
a mermaid proper, crined or, in her sinister hand a mirror of the last. Motto — 
" All worship be to God only." 

[Arms granted 1536. Confirmed by Robert Cooke, Clarenceu.x, 17th 
September 1575.] 

The foregoing arms are a combination of the coats originally in use by the 
Stock Fishmongers (azure, two lucies in saltire argent with coronets over their 
mouths or, on a chief gules three dolphins naiant argent) and the Salt Fish- 
mongers (azure, three dolphins naiant argent, on a chief gules three cross keys 
saltirevvise or). After the Union of the two Companies the above conjoined 
arms were granted, 1575. 

FLANDERS MERCHANTS, or BRABANT MERCHANTS. Azure and .silver 
undey, a chief quarterly, the first and fourth quarters gules, a leopard gold armed 
azure, the second and third quarters or, two roses gules. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. Refer to the New Adventurers or 
French Merchants Company, with which this may have had some connection.] 

FLESHERS (Butchers). Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Argent, two axes in 
saltire endorsed proper between three bulls' heads couped sable, on a chief 
azure, a boar's head couped between two garbs or. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh. Berry 
suggests that the garbs should be block-brushes {i.e. bunches of holly) as in the 
arms of the Butchers' Company of London.] 

FLETCHERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Founded 14S7.) Azure, 
a chevron between three arrows or, barbed and flighted argent. Crest— On a 
wreath of the colours, a demi-angel proper, with wings endorsed or, vested of 
the last, holding a bundle of arrows also or. Motto — "True and Sure." 

[Granted by Thomas Holme, Clarenceux, 12th October 1467. Grant 
printed "Genealogist," iv. 127.] 

FLINTSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

FLINT (Flintshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents water in base, 
and thereon on the sinister side a three-masted ship partly under sail ; rising 
from the water on the dexter side is a rock, and thereupon a castle. 

290 




FISHMONGERS, COMPANY OF 




FLETCHERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
FLORENCE (Italy). Argent, a fleur-de-lis flowered gules. 

FOLKESTONE (Kent). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents upon 
waves of the sea an antique ship of one mast, the sail furled, towered at each 
end, a man's head appearing above the battlements of each, and at the masthead 
a turret, and a man in the body of the boat, and another in the stern turret. 
The picture postcards represent the arms to be " Azure, on waves of the sea 
proper a lymphad or, sails furled and flags flying." 

FORDWICH (Kent). Has no armorial bearings. 

FORFARSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

FORFAR (Forfarshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Those 
used are as according to the annexed blazon, which is quoted as it has been 
supplied to the editor, though it exhibits several heraldic errors:— Arms — 
Azure a square castle embattled above the gate and on the top of the walls. 
Triple towered, the centre one largest, all pyramidically roofed argent, masoned 
sable,, the portcullis and windows gules. The middle tower ensigned with a 
staff" and banner charged with the Royal Arms of Scotland. On a chief wavy or, 
a fir-tree proper, between a bull's head and stag's head, both caboshed, argent. 
Crest — On a wreath, a lion rampant azure. Supporters — Two warriors in Roman 
costume, the one on the de.xter having a bow in his right hand with a quiver 
of arrows slung on his shoulder; the one on the sinister having a target 
(charged with a thistle) on his left arm, and a sword or sabre hung by a belt at 
his side, proper. Motto — " Ut quocunque paratus." 

FORRES (Elginshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal, 
which is of remarkably fine workmanship, represents the figure of St Laurence 
crowned with a nimbus, holding a book (sic. in the Cat. of Her. Exn., but query 
a casket) in his right hand, his left resting on a gridiron. In the field are a 
crescent, a star of six points, and two branches of foliage. Legend, " Sigillum 
commune burgi de Fores." 

FORTROSE (Rossshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal at present in use, which is circular; represents the figures of St Peter and St 
Boniface, to whom the Cathedral Church is dedicated. St Peter on the dexter 
side has a halo, and is holding his keys over his dexter shoulder. St Boniface 
on the sinister side is wearing a mitre and holding a crosier in his sinister hand. 
A more ancient seal, which is oval in shape, represents St Peter only, though 
this time in a mitre. 

FORT WILLIAM, formerly MARYBURGH (Inverness-shire). Has no arms. 
The seal shows a device of two Lochaber axes in saltire entwined by a wreath of 
oak. Motto — " A dh' aindeoin co theireadh e," meaning, " Gainsay it who dare." 



292 




FLORENCE 




FORFAR 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FOUNDERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated i8th 
September 1614.) Azure, a laver-pot between two taper candlesticks or. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a fiery furnace proper, two arms of the last 
issuing from clouds on the sinister side of the first, vested azure, holding in both 
hands a pair of closing tongs sable, taking up the melting-pot in the furnace 
also proper. Motto — " God the only founder." 

[Granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 13th October 1590, for which they 
paid £1, 2s. 8d. Confirmed, approved, and entered by Henry St George at the 
Visitation of London, 1634. The grant is printed in " Misc. Gen. et Her," i. 103.] 

FOUNDLING HOSPITAL (The Hospital for the Maintenance and Education of 
Exposed and Deserted Young Children, London). Per fesse azure and vert, 
a young child lying naked and exposed, extending its right hand proper, in chief 
a crescent argent between two mullets of six points or. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, a lamb argent, holding in its mouth a sprig of thyme proper. 
Supporters — (Dexter) a terminal figure of a woman full of nipples proper with 
a mantle vert, the term argent, being the Emblem of Nature ; (sinister) the 
Emblem of Liberty, represented by Britannia holding in her right hand upon a 
staff" proper a cap argent, and habited in a vest azure, girt with a belt or, the 
under garment gules. Motto — " Help." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1747; Gts. ix. 237.] 

FOWEY (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. Berry, in his " Dictionary of 
Heraldry," says, "The seal seems to be originally intended for an armorial en- 
sign, viz., on a shield a ship of three masts on the sea, her topsail furled. The 
legend round it, 'Sigillum oppidi de Fowy, Anno Dom. 1702.'" 



294 




FOUNDERS, COMPANY OF 




FOUNDLING HOSPITAL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FRAMEWORK KNITTERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (In- 
corporated 13th June 1657.) Gules, on a chevron argent, between two combs 
and as many leads of needles in chief and an iron jack lead sinker in base, a 
main spring between two small springs. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a 
lamb proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a student of the University of Cambridge 
proper, vested sable ; (sinister) a woman proper, vested azure, neckerchief apron 
and cuffs to the gown argent, in her dexter hand a knitting-needle and in her 
sinister a piece of worsted knit gules. Motto — " Speed, strength, and truth 
united." 

The foregoing are the arms as in use at the present day. Rerry in his 
"Encyclopaedia Heraldica," published 1828, gives these arms, "Argent a 
knitting frame sable garnished or with work pendent in base gules." He cites 
no crest, and calls the dexter supporter a student of Oxford. 

Neither version is of any authority. 

FRANCE, Emperor of. Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Re- 
public, and afterwards Emperor of France, assumed, instead of the fleurs-de-lis, on 
an escocheon azure, an eagle displayed reguardant, wings expanded and inverted 
holding in the claws a thunderbolt, all or. Badges — A bee : a violet. 

FRANCE, King of. Anciently azure, seme de-lis or. Modern (changed by 
Charles IV.). Axure, three fleurs-de-lis or, [sometimes impaling gules, a 
double orle, saltire and cross, composed of chains from an annulet in the centre 
point or, for Navarre], over the escocheon a helmet or, edged and damasked, all 
open, mantled, or, azure, and gules, surmounted with a royal crown. Supporters 
— Two angels standing on clouds, all proper, vested with tabards of the arms ; 
the dexter, France, the sinister, Navarre ; each holding a banner of the same 
arms, afifixed to a tilting-spear ; the shield encompassed with the ensigns of the 
orders of St Michael and of the Holy Ghost : the whole within a pavilion, the 
mantle azure semee of fleurs-de-lis or, lined with ermine, bordered, fringed, and 
tasselled or ; on the top of the pavilion a royal crown, the whole surmounted 
with a split waving streamer azure semee de lis or, charged with a sun of the 
last, tied to a pike or, terminated in a double fleur-de-lis ; over all, a scroll with 
this motto, " Montjoye et St Denis." The crest of France is a fleur-de-lis or. 

FRANCE, Republic of No legislative Act has created arms for the French Re- 
public, and consequently there is no authoritative emblem that can be cited. 
The tricolour flag is of course authoritative, but the device most constantly 
in use for the Republic is the device of the flag with a fasces erect on the centre 
stripe between the letters R and F on the exterior stripes. 

FRANCHIMONT. Refer to Liege, Bishopric of 

FRANKFORT-ON-MAINE (Germany). Gules, an eagle displayed argent, 
crowned and armed or. 

296 




FRAMEWORK KNITTERS, COMPANY OF 




FRANKFORT-ON-MAINE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
FRANVILLE (Hants). See Newtown, Hants. 

FRASERBURGH (Aberdeenshire). Has no arms. Those on the seal are taken 
from the arms of Lord Saltoun, viz. : i and 4, azure, three cinquefoils ; 2, or, a 
lion rampant gules debruised by a riband sable ; 3, gules, a lion rampant. 
Crest — An ostrich holding in its beak a key. Supporters — Two angels. Motto — 
" In God is all." 

FREBURG or FREIBURG, Canton (Switzerland). Per fesse sable and argent. 
Supporter — Sinister, a Swiss valet proper. 

FREDERICTON, See of (Canada). Gules, a pastoral staff in pale, surmounted by 
two keys addorsed in saltire or, on a chief of the last a Fascial lamb with its 
flag, all proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

FREEMASONS' SOCIETY. Use the following arms, crest, and supporters, viz. 
— Sable on a chevron between three towers argent, a pair of compasses open 
chevronwise of the first. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dove proper. 
Supporters — Two beavers proper. 

[Of no authority. Refer to Masons' Company.] 

FREEMASONS (Gateshead-on-Tyne, 1671). Same arms. Crest^A tower or. 
Motto — " The Lord is our trust." 
[Of no authority.] 



298 




FREDERICTON, SEE OF 




FREEMASONS' SOCIETY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FREEMEN IN THE SUBURBS ABOUT LONDON, The Newe Corpora- 
tion of. Refer to the " Newe Corporation of Freemen in the Suburbs about 
London." 

FREEMEN OF THE CITY OF LONDON, The Guild of. Refer to London. 

FRENCH MERCHANTS' COMPANY. (Incorporated by Edward IV.) 
Quarterly azure and gules, in the first and fourth quarters a fleur-de-lis or, in 
the second and third quarters a lion passant guardant of the last, over all a cross 
argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a lion rampant guardant or, 
supporting an anchor sable, beamed of the first. Supporters — Two dolphins 
proper, ducally crowned and finned or. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

FRENCH MERCHANTS. Refer to Merchant Adventurers. 

FREYSING, Bishopric of Argent, a demi-Moor couped below the .shoulders, 
issuing from the base in profile proper habited gules, crowned with an Eastern 
crown or. 

FRIOUL, Duchy of. Azure, an eagle displayed and crowned or. 

FRUITERERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 9th January 
1606.) Azure, on a mount in base vert the tree of Paradise environed with the 
serpent between Adam and Eve, all proper. Motto — " Deus dat incrementum." 
[An older motto is " Arbor vitae Christus fructus per fidem gustamus."] 
[Of no authority.] 



300 




FRIOUL 




FRUITERERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

FUH KIEN, See of (China). Quarterly: i.over somewhere's rocky mountains an 

angel volant carrying a book ; 2, either a vegetable or a branch of coral ; 3, on 

rolling waves a ship in full sail ; 4, an eastern crown from which tears are falling. 

[Of no authority, and by a long way the most appalling of these bogus 

arms of missionary sees.] 

FULHAM, Borough of (London). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are, 
Quarterly : i and 4, landscapes showing bridges ; 2, two swords in saltire, points 
upwards ; 3, three seaxes fesseways in pale, hilts to the dexter. 
[Of no authority.] 

FULLERS' COMPANY (London). Azure, a fesse ermine between six teazles, 
three and three or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

FURNIVAL'S INN (London). Argent, a bend between six martlets gules, all 
within a bordure azure. 
[Of no authority.] 

FURRIERS (Edinburgh). Berry, in his description of the arms on the Gold 
Medal of the Deacon-Convener of the Corporate Bodies of Trades in Edinburgh 
(refer sub Edinburgh), gives for the Furriers : " Ermine, on a chief gules, three 
imperial crowns proper." But these are identical with the arms of the Skinners 
of London and the United Glovers and Skinners of Exeter, and perhaps Berry 
is wrong, and that the arms used by the Furriers are those he ascribed to the 
Skinners, viz., " party per fesse gules and argent, a pale counter changed on 
first three goats salient of the second." 

[No arms are matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

FURRIERS' GUILD (Basle). Gules, a bend composed of three rows of Kursch. 

GALASHIELS (Selkirkshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents upon a mount a vine-tree fructed proper and seated upon either 
side a fox gazing at the fruit, all within the legend, "The Corporation of the 
Burgh of Galashiels." [Does the fruit typify a coat-of-arms which the Borough 
can't afford ?] 

GALICIA, Kingdom of. Azure, a fillet in chief {i.e. a barrulet enhanced) gules, 
between a crow sable in chief, and three ancient crowns or in base. 

GALSTON (Ayrshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those upon the seal are azure, 
a cross moline argent, on a chief of the last a pick and shovel in saltire proper. 
Crest — Two shuttles in saltire proper. Motto—" Lahore et fiducia." 
[Of no authority.] 



302 




FUH KIEN, SEE OF 





FURNIVAL'S INN 



GALASHIELS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
GALLOWAY. See New Galloway. 

GALLOWAY, See of. Argent, St Ninian standing and full faced proper, clothed 
with a pontifical robe purple, on his head a mitre, and in his dexter hand a 
crozier or. 

[These arms were matriculated in Lyon Register, c. 1675-9, and are still in 
use, but by the disestablishment of the Episcopal Church in Scotland they are 
really extinct and their present use is improper.] 

GALLOWAY. Refer to Glasgow and Galloway, Bishop of. 

GALWAY (Co. Galway). Argent, on waves of the sea in base proper, a galley or 
with one mast and sails furled, the rigging charged with an escutcheon sable 
charged with a lion rampant or. 

[Recorded in Ulster's Office by Christopher Ussher, c. 1678-98.] 

GALWAY, County of Has no armorial bearings. 

GAMBIA. No warrant has as yet been issued assigning arms to Gambia. Refer 
to Sierra Leon. 

GARDENERS, Worshipful Company of (The Master, Wardens, Assistants, and 
Commonalty of the Company of Gardeners of London — Existed as a fraternity 
1345, incorporated Sept. 18, 1605). On a shield representing a landscape the 
figure of a man habited about the body with a skin, delving the ground with a 
spade all proper. Crest — On a wreath argent and vert, a basket of flowers and fruit 
proper. Supporters — On either side a female figure proper vested argent, wreathed 
about the temples with flowers, and supporting on the exterior arm a cornucopia 
proper. Motto — " In the sweat of thy brows shalt thow eate thy bread." 

[Adopted on Incorporation : Royal Warrant of Confirmation, 9th June 
1905. Exemplified College of Arms, 8th September 1905.] 

GARDENERS' GUILD (Strasburg). Argent, a bend gules, between two roses 
of the last, seeded or, barbed, leaved, and slipped vert. 

GARTER PRINCIPAL KING OF ARMS. Argent, a cross gules, on a chief 
azure, a ducal coronet encirled with a garter between a lion passant guardant 
on the dexter and a fleur-de-lis on the sinister, all or. 

[These arms of office are either borne alone or impaled on the de.xter side 
of the personal arms of Garter. 

The escutcheon is surmounted by his official crown, and behind it in bend 
is placed a representation of his sceptre of silver gilt.] 



3°4 




GALLOWAY, SEE OF 




GARDENERS, COMPANY OF 




GALWAY 




GARTER KING OF ARMS 



U 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GATEHOUSE OF FLEET (Kirkcudbright). Has no armorial bearings, and its 
_ seal is not heraldic. 

GATESHEAD (Durham). Has no armorial bearings. Those used, which 
appear upon the Corporation seal, are as follows, namely. Argent on a mount 
an embattled gateway all proper, and for a Crest, a goat's head erased. 

GATESHEAD TRADE CORPORATIONS. Refer to Masons, Bricklayers and 
Tylers, Glaziers, Marblers, Paper-Stainers, Pewterers, Plumbers, Saddlers. 

GATTON (Surrey). Has no armorial bearings. 

GENEVA (Switzerland). Per pale dexter, or, a dimidiated eagle displayed sable, 
armed and crowned gules ; sinister gules, a key in pale wards upwards and to 
the sinister or. 

GENOA (Italy). Argent, a cross gules. 

[The same arms were used by tlie former republic of Genoa, now extinct, 
the shield being then surmounted by a regal crown for the sovereignty of 
Corsica.] 

GENTLEMEN-AT-ARMS, Corps of. Gules two battle axes in saltire or, in chief 
a crown of the second, lined ermine. Motto — " Per tela per hostes." 
[Of no authority.] 

GEORGE HERIOT'S SCHOOL (Heriot Hospital) (Edinburgh). Refer to 
Heriot's School. 

GEORGE WATSON'S COLLEGE. Refer to Watson's College. 

GEORGIA (Russia). Refer to Russia. 

GEORGIA (U.S.A.), State Device. On a rocky shore, upon which the sea is 
breaking in foam, the high land in the distance, a temple supported by three 
figures with scrolls, inscribed — Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation ; over the dome 
the word " Constitution," guarded by a soldier with a drawn sword. 



306 





GENEVA 



GATESHEAD 




GENOA 




GENTLEMEN-AT-ARMS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
GERMAINS, ST. See St Germains. 

GERMAN EMPIRE. As usually made use of, "an eagle displayed sable, beaked 
and legged gules, on its breast surrounded by the collar of the Black Eagle an 
escocheon argent, charged with an eagle displayed sable, armed, beaked, royally 
crowned and with Sachsen or holding in its dexter claw a sceptre and in its 
sinister an orb and on its breast an inescutcheon of Hohenzollern, quarterly 
argent and sable." Above the eagle is the Imperial crown. 

In the great shield of the Emperor the foregoing is placed upon an escocheon 
or, and the Collar of the Black Eagle surrounds this escocheon, and not the inner 
one. Upon the escutcheon is placed the Imperial crown. Supporters — On either 
side a wild man wreathed about the temples and waist with oak leaves and 
supporting banners with their exterior hands, the banners staves, and fringes or, 
the dexter banner argent charged with an eagle as in the arms, the sinister argent 
charged with an eagle displayed gules, crowned with an electoral bonnet proper, 
beaked, legged, and with Sachsen or, holding in its dexter claw a sceptre and in 
its sinister a sword proper, on its breast an inescutcheon or, charged with a lion 
rampant, a bordure gobony gules and argent. 

Ihe pavilion is of gold, seme of eagles and Imperial crowns alternately, and 
lined with ermine, carrying the motto " Gott mit uns," and surmounted by the 
Imperial crown and the banner of sable, argent, and gules. 

In the " middle " shield the pavilion is omitted and the banners in the hands 
of the supporters are replaced by clubs. The Crown Prince adds a bordure 
gules. 

[Official confirmation, 3rd August 1S71.] 

GERMAN EAST AFRICAN COMPANY. A lion passant in front of a palm- 
tree. 

GERMAN SCHOOL UNION (Austria). Per fesse sable and or, a fess gules, in 
chief a demi-sun in splendour issuant from the fess, and issuant from the base 
and surmounting the fesse an oak-branch vert, with two acorns or [1888]. 

GESTRIKLAND (Sweden). Argent, semee of hurts, a reindeer ppr. 



308 




GERMAN EMPIRE 




GERMAN EAST AFRICAN COMPANY 




GESTRIKLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GHENT (Belgium). Sable, a lion rampant argent, armed and langued gules, 
crowned and collared or. 

GIBRALTAR. Azure, between two pillars a castle argent, masoned sable, from 
the gate a golden key pendant, subinscribed " Plus ultra." [Refer to grant to 
Lord Heathfield, 1787, "the arms of Gibraltar" being granted to him as a chief 
of augmentation.] But the arms as published by the Admiralty for use upon 
the Union Flag by the Governor are "gules, a triple towered castle proper, and 
suspended by a chain from the gateway, a key or. Motto — " Montis insignia 
calpe." 

GIBRALTAR, See of. Argent, in base rising out of waves of the sea a rock proper 
thereon a lion guardant or, supporting a passion cross erect gules, on a chief 
engrailed of the last a crozier in bend dexter, and a key in bend sinister or, sur- 
mounted by a Maltese cross argent, fimbriated gold. 
[Gts. xlvi. 179, College of Arms.] 

GILLINGHAM, Borough of (Kent). Argent, a cross gules, in the first quarter an 
ancient harp, in the second, on waves of the sea an ancient ship, in the third 
issuing out of waves of the sea a rock, thereon a fort, and in the fourth quarter a 
sprig of broom, all proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a 
fouled anchor erect, two swords in saltire points upwards, that pointing to 
the dexter sheathed all proper. Motto — " With fort and fleet for home and 
England." 

[Granted, College of Arms, April 22, 1904.] 



310 




GHENT 





PLUS-ULTRA 




GIBRALTAR 




GIBRALTAR, SEE OF 




GILLINGHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GIPPSLAND, See of (Australia). Azure, on a chevron argent, an open book proper, 
on a chief of the second, a swan naiant in water all proper, a bordure also argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

GIRDLERS, The Worshipful Company of, London, (Incorporated loth March 
1327.) Per fesse azure and or, a pale counterchanged and three gridirons of 
the last, the handles in chief. Alantliiig — Azure, lined ermine. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a demi-man proper, representing St Lawrence, with a 
glory round his head or, issuing out of clouds of the first, vested azure, girt 
round the body with a girdle of the second, holding in his dexter hand a 
gridiron of the last and in the sinister a book argent. Motto — " Give thanks 
to God." 

[Granted by John Smert, Garter, 1454.] 

GIRVAN (Ayrshire). Has no arms. The seal shows an escutcheon, thereon a three- 
masted ship in full sail on waves of the sea. 
[Of no authority.] 

GLAMORGANSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The Clerk of the County 
Council informs me that " the Seal adopts the Arms of De Clare, who were 
(sic) Lords of Glamorgan." These are, of course, the arms Cardiff formerly 
assumed. It's a pity they couldn't find a better example to copy, particularly 
as the City of Cardiff has now seen the error of its ways. 

GLASGOW, PORT. See Port Glasgow. 



312 





GIPPSLAND, SEE OF 



GIRDLERS, COMPANY OF 




■:; J 



GIRVAN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GLASGOW. Argent, on a mount in base vert an oak-tree proper, the stem at the 
base thereof surmounted by a salmon on its back also proper, with a signet-ring 
in its mouth or, on the top of the tree a redbreast, and in the sinister fesse point 
an ancient hand-bell, both also proper. Above the shield is placed a suitable 
helmet with a mantling gules doubled argent, and issuing from a wreath of the 
proper liveries is set for Crest — The half-length figure of Saint Kentigern 
affronte, vested and mitred, his right hand raised in the act of benediction, and 
having in his left hand a crozier, all proper. On a compartment below the 
shield are placed for Supporters — Two salmon proper, each holding in its mouth 
a signet-ring or, and in an escroll entwined with the compartment this Motto — 
" Let Glasgow Flourish." Matriculated the 25th day of October 1866. 

The following legends, taken from a newspaper cutting, are quoted for what 
they may be worth : — 

The armorial insignia of Glasgow are richly storied, the different emblems 
referring to several legends in the life of St Kentigern, otherwise called Mungo, 
who was the first Bishop of Glasgow, and died about A.D. 602. The tree repre- 
sents the bough which, according to an old story, St Kentigern kindled by his 
word into a blaze in order to relight the church lights, which some of his 
enemies had put out. The bird perched upon the tree is a robin, the pet of St 
Serf, which St Kentigern restored to life, as the tradition goes. The bell which 
hangs from the tree signifies the Church and See of Glasgow, founded by St 
Kentigern. 

[Another account gives a more probable explanation as follows : " The 
bell is the consecrated one that was brought from Rome by St Mungo when he 
visited the sacred city in his later years, and which was placed in the College 
buildings, and preserved in Glasgow till the Reformation, or perhaps to a later 
date. It was called St Mungo's Bell, and was tolled through the city to warn 
the inhabitants to pray for the repose of a departed soul."] 

But the most romantic legend of all is associated with the salmon bearing 
the ring in its mouth. It happened that the Queen of Cadzow had given away 
a ring which she had received as a present from the King, her husband, to a 
certain knight. The King suspecting this, and being very much angered at 
such conduct, considered how he might best punish it. One day when they 
were all out for a hunting party along the banks of the Clyde, the knight to 
whom the Queen had given the ring, overcome with fatigue, fell asleep under 
the shelter of a tree. The King seized the opportunity to look into the knight's 
pouch, and there, as he had expected, he found the ring. Wroth beyond 
measure that the Queen should so have treated the ring he had given her, he 
flung it into the river. Returning home, he demanded the ring of the Queen, 
and said she should be put to death if she did not give it him. She immediately 
sent her maid to the knight to ask for it, but, of course, he could no longer find 
it. The Queen knew not which way to turn. At last, she bethought herself of 
the good Bishop Kentigern. She avowed her fault to him, and convinced him 
that she was deeply sorry for it, and asked his advice and help. The good 

314 




GLASGOW 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

man believed in her sincerity and took compassion upon her. He immediately 
sent one of his people to fish in the river and to bring him the first fish he 
should catch. The angler soon returned, and laid a huge salmon at the feet of 
the bishop, who took from its mouth the very ring which the King had flung 
into the Clyde. The Queen, receiving the ring from the bishop, together with 
his blessing, hastened to take it home to her husband, and thus her life was 
saved by the good Bishop Kentigern. 

Before the matriculation above mentioned the arms were frequently to be 
found with the field " party per fesse argent and gules." 

The " Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland," referring to the arms, says : 
"These tokens appear on the Seals of the Bishops of Glasgow in the I2th and 
13th centuries, from which they were transferred to the Common Seal of the 
city in the beginning of the 14th." 

GLASGOW, See of. Argent, on a mount in base vert an oak-tree proper, the stem at 
the base thereof surmounted by a salmon on its back also proper with a signet 
ring in its mouth or, on the top of the tree a redbreast and in the sinister fesse 
point an ancient hand-bell both also proper. 

[No arms were ever matriculated in Lyon Register for the See of Glasgow. 
Archbishop Burnet, who matriculated his arms c. 1672-7, did so without any 
Episcopal impalement. But the device above quoted appears upon some early 
Episcopal seals.] 

GLASGOW, Merchants' House of. Gules, a terrestrial sphere argent, encircled 
by an equatorial band cotised sable, charged with the signs of the Zodiac 
of the last, en surtout an escutcheon parted per fess argent and gules, from 
a mount in base an oak tree, the stem surmounted of a salmon on its back with 
a signet ring in its mouth, on the top of the tree a robin redbreast, and in 
the sinister fess point an ancient hand-bell all proper, in base below the sphere 
a merchant's mark resembling the figure 4 of the second. Maiitling — Gules, 
doubled argent. Crest — On a wreath of the liveries a full-rigged ship in full sail 
proper, flagged gules, and in an escrol over the same this JMotto — " Toties 
redeuntis eodem." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 27th February 1912.] 

GLASGOW TRADES HOUSE. Parted per fesse argent and gules, on a mount 
in base an oak tree, the stem at the base thereof surmounted of a salmon on 
its back with a signet ring in its mouth, on the top of the tree a robin red- 
breast, and in the sinister fess point an ancient hand-bell all proper. Mantling — 
Gules doubled argent. Crest — A sheaf of 14 arrows in sheaf, points upwards or, 
banded azure. Motto — " Union is strength." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 19th August 191 1.] 

GLASGOW FACULTY OF PROCURATORS. Refer to Procurators. 

316 




GLASGOW, SEE OF 





GLASGOW TRADES HOUSE 



GLASGOW, MERCHANTS' HOUSE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GLASGOW ACADEMY (Glasgow). Has no arms, but uses on an escutcheon 
the device of an inescutcheon bearing a cypher of the letters G.A.,and supported 
by the supporters of the city of Glasgow. Above the inescutcheon in place of a 
crest is the oak tree with robin, bell, and salmon as displayed in the City arms. 

GLASGOW HIGH SCHOOL. Has no arms. Those in use are: Or, a tree 
eradicated and surmounted by a bird between in fesse on the dexter side a closed 
book and on the sinister a bell all proper, on a chief vert three salmon interlaced 
in triangle also proper. Motto — " Hsec summa est." 

GLASGOW ROYAL TECHNICAL COLLEGE. Azure, a saltire argent, in 
chief an imperial crown proper, and in base a pair of scales or. Motto — " Mente 
et manu." Refer to Royal Technical College. 
[Matriculated Lyon Office, nth July 1912.] 

GLASGOW UNIVERSITY. See University of Glasgow. 

GLASGOW. Refer to Edinburgh and Glasgow Bank and Royal Faculty of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. 

GLASGOW AND GALLOWAY, Bishop of. According to Crockford the arms 
in use are per pale dexter the arms of the City of Glasgow, and sinister the arms 
, of Galloway (to which refer). This device is quite unauthorised. 

GLASS-SELLERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 28th 
November 1661.) Has no legal arms. A device is used upon a shield invented 
by the company which it is quite impossible to describe in heraldic language. 
Motto — " Discordia frangimur." 

GLASTONBURY (Somerset). Has no armorial bearings. The corporation, 
notepaper represents upon an escutcheon a mitre labelled in front of two 
croziers in saltire. No colours are shown. Motto — " Floreat ecclesia anglicana." 

GLAURUS, Canton (Switzerland). Gules, a pilgrim proper, habited argent, corded 
or. Supporter — Dexter, an angel proper. 



318 





GLASS-SELLERS, COMPANY OF 



GLASGOW HIGH SCHOOL 





GLASTONBURY 



GLAURUS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GLAZIERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 6th November 
1 631). Argent, two glazing irons in saltire sable, between four closing nails of 
the last, on a chief gules, a lion passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, a lion's head couped or, between two wings expanded azure. 
Supporters — Two naked boys proper each holding in his exterior hand a long 
torch inflamed of the last. Motto — " Lucem tuam da nobis, O Deus " (other 
mottoes are " Da nobis lucem Domine " and " Lumen umbra Dei "). 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

GLAZIERS (Gateshead). Argent, two glazing irons in saltire between four closing 
nails sable on a chief gules, a lion passant guardant or. Crest — A lion's head couped 
between two wings expanded or. Supporters — Two naked boys proper, each 
holding a long torch inflamed or. 

[Of no authority: taken from the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 

GLENALMOND, Trinity College. Azure, a saltire argent, between the sun in his 
splendour in chief and a fleur-de-lis in base and two crescents in fesse or. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, isth September 1898. The grant is printed 
in extenso in The Glenalmond Chronicle for January 1899.] 

GLENDALOUGH. Refer to Dublin, Glendalough, and Kildare, Archbishop of. 

GLENLIVET DISTILLERY. See Dailuaine Glenlivet Distillery, Limited. 

GLOSSOP (Derbyshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the corporation 
represents upon a chapeau proper a lion statant guardant with tail extended, 
and underneath the motto, " Virtus Veritas libertas." The above crest is, of 
course, that of Lord Howard of Glossop ; it would be interesting to know if any 
member of the Howard family sanctioned this appropriation. 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

GLOUCESTER, See of. Azure, two ke}'s in saltire, the wards upwards or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



320 




GLAZIERS, COMPANY OF 




GLENALMOND, TRINITY COLLEGE 




GLOUCESTER, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL, See of. Per pale azure and sable, on the 
dexter two keys in saltire, the wards upwards, and on the sinister three ducal 
coronets in pale or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms — Exemplified by Royal Licence, 8th 
November 1836, on the amalgamation of the two Sees.] 

GLOUCESTER, Dean of. Azure on a fesse or, three crosses pattee fitch^e of the 
first, on a quarter (or canton) of the second issuant to the dexter and sinister a 
demi fleur-de-lis conjoined to the side of the first, and issuant in chief a demi- 
sun in splendour argent. [The authority for the foregoing is doubtful.] Wood- 
ward gives, Argent, three chevrons gules between ten torteaux. [Of no authority 
at all.] 

GLOUCESTER (Gloucestershire). Or, three chevrons gules, between ten 
torteaux, three, three, three, and one. Ci-est — Out of a mural coronet issuant 
a lion guardant gules, holding in his dexter gamb a broad-sword erect proper, 
and in the sinister gamb a trowel. Supporters — On both the dexter and sinister 
sides a lion rampant gules, each holding in his dexter gamb a broad-sword erect 
proper. Motto — " Fides invicta triumphat." 

The coat-of-arms is said to have been confirmed, and the supporters and 
crest granted, 14th August 1652, by Sir Edward Bysshe, Garter Principal King 
of Arms, but neither the crest nor the supporters are recorded in the College of 
Arms. This is probably due to the fact that the grant was made during the 
time of the Commonwealth, and all grants made during that time were 
subsequently declared void and of none effect. The chevronels were probably 
taken from the arms of the Earls of Gloucester, and the torteaux from the 
arms of the See of Worcester. These appear to have been the arms used by 
the city of Gloucester from a very remote period. But Sir Thomas Bell, 
Knight, Alderman of the City of Gloucester, obtained for the corporation in the 
reign of Henry VIII. the following coat-of-arms : " Vert, on a pale or, between 
two horse-shoes, each horse-shoe between three nails, two in chief and one in 
base, all meeting with their points to the shoe argent, a sword in a scabbard 
azure, hilt, pommel, and studding of the scabbard or, on the point of the sword 
a cap of maintenance gules, turned up ermine, on a chief per pale or and gules 
a boar's head couped argent between two demi-roses, the dexter gules barbed 
vert, the sinister of the third also barbed vert, each issuing rays from its centre 
pointing to the boar's head or." This, which was granted by Barker, Garter, 
1538, 30 Henry VIII., is the coat which (though tinctured wrongly) Burke 
and Berry give. Both coats (the former, of course, without crest or supporters) 
are recorded in the " Visitation " with the following note, " The auntient and 
moderne Coates of Armes belonging to the Cittie and Countie of the Cittie 
of Gloucester, the former taken in imitation of the illustrious family of the 
Clares, Earles of Gloucester, their bountiful benefactors. The latter procured 
by Sr. Thomas Bell, Knight and Alderman there in the tyme of Henry the 
eighth." 









GLOUCESTER, DEAN OF 



GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL, SEE OF 




GLOUCESTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GLOVERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated loth September 
1639.) Per fesse sable and argent, a pale counterchanged, three rams salient of 
the second two and one, armed and unguled or. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a ram's head argent, armed or, issuing from a basket of the last full of 
wool proper, between two angel's wings expanded gules. 
[Granted by John Smert, Garter, loth October 1464.] 

GLOVERS AND SKINNERS, United Company of, Exeter. Ermine, on a chief 
gules, three regal crowns or. Motto — " Soli Deo gloria." 

[These, which are recorded in the College of Arms, are the same as the 
arms of the Skinners' Company of London, to which refer.] 

GODALMING (Surrey). Party per pale gules and sable, a woolpack argent, on a 
chief of the last, a rose of the first, barbed and seeded proper, between two 
escocheons also gules, that on the dexter charged with a fesse dancettee between 
two crosses pattee in palt of the third, and that on the sinister charged with 
three pears in bend leaved and slipped proper. Cj-est — On a wreath of the 
colours, a mound, thereon a ram statant holding in the mouth a pear leaved and 
slipped all proper, suspended from the neck by a riband gules an escocheon or, 
charged with a pair of shears erect points upwards, also proper. Motto — " Libera 
deinde fidelis." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 12th June 1893.] 

GODMANCHESTER (Huntingdonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents a fleur-de-lis with trefoils between the petals within the legend, 
"Commune Sigillum G'mecestre." 

GOLD AND SILVER WYRE DRAWERS, The Worshipful Company of, 
London. (Incorporated i6th June 1693.) Azure, on a chevron or, between two 
coffers of the second in chief and two points in saltire in base argent, a drawing- 
iron between two rings [i.e. tools used by the craft) sable. Ciest — On a wreath 
of the colours, two arms embowed vested gules, cuffed argent, holding between 
the hands proper an engiossing block or. Supporters — (Dexter) an Indian 
proper, crowned with an Eastern crown or, vested round the middle with feathers 
pendant alternately argent and gules, holding over his shoulder a bar of silver ; 
(sinister) a man vested proper (" called in the grant a silk throwster"), in his sinister 
hand a hank of silk argent. Motto — " Amicitiam trahit amor." 

[These arms are of no authority, no record of any grant or confirmation 
being in existence at the College of Arms. The blazon is taken from Burke's 
Armory, which has the note referring to the grant, and this seems to have been 
derived from Edmondson's " Heraldry." How it can have originated it is difficult 
to imagine, as the Company knows nothing of any grant] 

GOLD COAST COLONY. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to 
the Gold Coast Colony. Refer to Sierra Leone. 



324 





GODALMING 



GLOVERS, COMPANY OF 




GOLD AND SILVER WYRE DRAWERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GOLDSMITHS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 1327.) 
Quarterly gules and azure, in the first and fourth quarters a leopard's face or, in 
the second and third a covered cup, and in chief two round buckles, the tongues 
fessewise, points to the dexter, all of the third. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a demi-lady, her arms extended proper issuing out of clouds of the last 
vested gules, garnished or, cuffed argent, round her neck a ruff of the last, in her 
dexter hand a pair of scales of the third, in her sinister hand a touchstone sable 
Supporters — Two unicorns or, armed, crined, and hoofed argent. Motto — " Justitia 
Virtutum Regina." (Another motto, " To God only be all Glory.") 

[The crest and supporters were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 
8th November 1571, and the whole was approved and entered by Henry St 
George, at the Visitation of the City of London in 1634.] 

GOLDSMITHS OF DUBLIN, Company of Quarterly : i and 4, gules, a harp or ; 
2 and 3, azure, a covered cup between two buckles in base or. Crest — A demi- 
lady, her arms extended, issuing from clouds, habited per fesse gules and azure 
and charged on the breast with a harp argent, in her dexter hand a pair of scales 
or, and in her sinister a touchstone sable, her head irradiated. Supporters — Two 
unicorns argent, armed, crined, and unguled or, each charged on the shoulder 
with a harp gules. Motto— "Tg radiante virebimus." 

[Granted by Thomas Preston, Ulster King of Arms, July 24, 1638.] 

GOLDSMITHS' TRADE CORPORATION (Edinburgh). Qrly. i and 4 a 
leopard's face argent, 2 and 3 azure, a covered cup or, in chief two annulets of the 
last, enriched with stones gules. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh.] 
This is evidently a variation upon the London Goldsmiths' Company. 
Their arms are based upon the London Hall-mark, and that upon the Royal 
leopards, hence the leopard's face for Edinburgh is rather ridiculous. But the 
copying of other people's arms leads to these little follies. 

GONVILL AND CAIUS COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in the year 1 348 by 
Edmund Gonvill, Rector of Terrington and Rushworth, in Norfolk, who called 
it Gonvill Hall. Afterwards it was further amply endowed by the learned 
antiquary, Dr John Caius, who obtained leave from Queen Mary to be a co- 
founder, whereupon it was called Gonvill and Caius College.) Argent on a 
chevron between two couple-closes indented sable, three escallops or, for Gonvill, 
impaling or, semee of flowers gentle, in the middle of the chief a sengreen resting 
upon the heads of two serpents in pale, their tails knit together, all proper 
colours, resting upon a square marble stone vert in fesse a bible bound .sable, 
for Caius, the whole within a bordure gobony argent and sable. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a dove argent, beaked and membered gules, holding in 
the beak by the stalk a flower gentle stalked vert. 
[Granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 1571.] 



326 




GOLDSMITHS, COMPANY OF 




GOLDSMITHS' TRADE CORPORATION 




GONVILL AND CAIUS COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GOREY (Co. Wexford). Party per saltire argent, gules, or, and azure, in chief a 
cross of the second, in base a swan with an eel in its bill of the first, in dexter 
fesse point a lion passant guardant of the third, and in the sinister a rose of the 
second, seeded proper and barbed vert. 

Granted November 24, 1613, and recorded in Ulster's Office in the 
Visitation of Wexford taken in the year 1628. 

The blazon is given wrongly in Burke's " General Armory." 

GORZ. Per bend, in chief azure, a lion rampant or: in base argent, two bends 
sinister gules. 

GOTHENBURG (Sweden). Azure, three bends sinister argent, over all a lion 
rampant to the sinister regardant and crowned or, in his dexter forepaw a 
sword proper, and on his sinister an inescocheon azure, charged with three 
open crowns or. 

GOTHLAND. Refer to Sweden. 

GOULBURN, See of (Australia). Gules, a Paschal Lamb passant upon a mount, 
above it an open book with seven seals proper : on a chief or, between two doves 
each holding a sprig of olive in its beak proper, a pale azure charged with four 
estoiles in cross argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

GOUROCK. Has no arms. The seal shows a device of the arms of Stewart and 
Darroch impaled and above the crests of both families. Mottoes — " Avant," 
" Be watchful," 



3^8 





GOREY 



GORZ 




GOTHENBURG 




GOULBURN, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GOVAN, Police Burgh of (Lanarkshire). The following Ensignes Armorial: 
Argent, the hull of a ship on the stocks proper, on a chief azure, two mullets 
pierced of the field. Above the shield is placed a suitable helmet with a 
mantling gules doubled argent, and on a wreath of the proper liveries is set for 
Crest, A garb surmounted by a salmon on its back proper, and in an escroll over 
the same this Motto, " Nihil sine labore," and on a compartment below the 
shield are placed for Supporters, On the dexter side, an engineer holding in his 
exterior hand a plan, and on the sinister a ship-carpenter resting his exterior 
hand on a mallet, both habited proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 7th June 1884.] 

GRADISCA, County of. Per fesse or and azure, over all a cross moline argent. 

GRAFTON AND ARMIDALE, See of (Australia). Azure, at the intersection ot 
the arms of a Passion Cross argent, an open book, in chief a dove volant beak 
downwards proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

GRAHAMSTOWN, See of (S. Africa). Argent, a cross gules, thereon a sword in 
pale, the blade wavy proper, in the dexter canton an anchor sable. 

[Arms formerly used were argent, a saltire gules, over all an anchor sable. 
There is no authority for either version.] 

GRAMPOUND (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
bridge of two arches over a river, the dexter end in perspective showing the 
passage over, at the sinister end a tree issuing from the base against the bridge, 
on the centre an escutcheon of the arms of the family of Cornwall, namely, 
argent, a lion rampant gules within a bordure sable. 

GRANADA (Spain). Argent, a pomegranate leaved proper, seeded gules. 

GRANGEMOUTH. Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows a shield per pale 
or, the dexter side a representation of "a primitive steamboat" ; sinister, the 
arms of Dundas, Lord Zetland. Ct'est — A steamboat. Motto — "Ingenium 
vincit omnia." 



Zl^ 




GOVAN 





GRAFTON AND ARMIDALE, SEE OF 



GRAHAMSTOWN, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
GRANTHAM, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

GRANTHAM (Lincolnshire). Chequy or and azure, a bordure sable, charged with 
eight trefoils slipped argent. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. 

GRANTON, Port and Harbour of. (The Duke of Buccleuch as proprietor of) 
Parted per pale, the de.xter side parted per fesse argent and or, in chief a merchant 
ship with three masts at anchor in a harbour proper, in base an anchor gules : 
the sinister side quarterly i and 4 or, on a bend azure, a mullet between two 
crescents of the field, 2 gyronny of eight or and sable, 3 argent, a galley, oars in 
action sable, flagged gules. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1866.] 

GRANTOWN-ON-SPEY, Police Burgh (Elgin). Has no arms. Those in use are 
gules, three barrulets wavy argent, between as many antique crowns or. Motto 
— " Stand fast." 

[Of no authority.] 

GRATZ (Styria, Austria). Vert, a panther rampant and incensed argent. 
[? if these are not really the arms of Styria.] 



332 




GRANTHAM (LINCOLNSHIRE) 




GRANTON, PORT AND HARBOUR OF 





GRATZ 



GRANTOWN-ON-SPEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GRAVESEND (Kent). Argent, a tower gules, charged with a bull's head issuing 
from a ducal coronet both or, and vomiting flames of fire proper, all within 
a bordure azure charged with five fleurs-de-lis and as many buckles or. 

At the Visitation of Kent in the year 1619, the following arms are recorded, 
namely, Vert, upon waves of the sea proper, an ancient one-masted ship, the 
oars in action and rowers visible or, the mast of the last, the sail argent, the 
r'gg'"? also proper, and standing erect in the stern of the ship a porcupine 
collared and lined : but William Le Neve, Clarenceux King of Arms, assigned 
the first-mentioned coat to the town in the year 1635, to commemorate the 
connection of the Duke of Lennox therewith. Motto — " Decus et tutamen." See 
Catalogue of Heraldic Exhib., 71. 

GRAY'S INN (London). Sable, a grifiin segreant or. 
[Of no authority.] 

GREAT BEDWIN (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's " General 
Armory," however, quotes, " Az. a tower domed ar." Crest — A griffin passant 
or. 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, The United Kingdom of. Since Her 
Majesty Queen Victoria ascended the throne, the armorial bearings have been : 
Quarterly i and 4 gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or (for England) ; 
2 or, a lion rampant within a double tressure flory and counterflory gules (for 
Scotland) ; 3 azure, a harp or stringed argent (for Ireland), the whole encircled 
by the Garter. Crest — Upon the royal helmet, the lambrequin being of cloth 
of gold lined with ermine, the imperial crown proper, thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, imperially crowned, also proper. Supporters — Upon the dexter 
side, a lion guardant or, crowned as in the crest, and upon the sinister side, a 
unicorn argent, armed, crined, and unguled or, gorged with a coronet composed 
of crosses pattee and fleurs-de-lis, a chain affixed thereto passing between the 
forelegs and reflexed over the back of the last. Motto — " Dieu et mon Droit," 
in the compartment below the shield, and thereon the Union Badge of the Rose, 
Thistle, and Shamrock engrafted on the same stem. C^-est of Scotlmid — On 
an imperial crown a lion sejant affrontee gules, imperially crowned or, holding in 
the dexter paw a sword and in the sinister a sceptre ensigned with a fleur-de-lis, 
both erect and also proper. Crest of Ireland — On a wreath or and azure, a 
tower triple-towered of the first, from the portal a hart springing argent, attired 
and unguled, also or. Badges : Of England — The rose of York and Lancaster 
ensigned with the imperial crown ; of Scotland — A thistle proper ensigned with 
the imperial crown ; of Ireland — A harp or, stringed argent, ensigned with the 
imperial crown ; also of Ireland — A trefoil slipped vert, ensigned with the 
imperial crown. The Union Badge of the Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock en- 
grafted upon the same stem, ensigned with an imperial crown : the Union Badge 
ensigned with the imperial crown, namely, azure, a saltire per saltire argent and 
gules, the latter fimbriated of the second, over all a cross of the third, also 

334 





GRAY'S INN 



GRAVESEND 




GREAT BEDWIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

fimbriated argent (being composed of the crosses of St George, St Andrew, and 
St Patrick). The badge of Wales, namely, on a mount vert a dragon passant 
with wings elevated gules ; the cypher of the Sovereign within the Garter and 
ensigned with the imperial crown, and the cypher ensigned with the imperial 
crown. (See Frontispiece). 

Wales not being a kingdom, but only a principality, has no imperial crown 
over its badge. The settlement of the arms by an Order in Council is one of 
the earliest acts in the reign of each successive sovereign. 

GREAT CENTRAL RAILWAY. Argent, on a cross gules, voided of the field, 
between two wings in chief sable and as many daggers erect in base of the second, 
in the fesse point a morion, winged of the third, on a chief also of the second 
a pale of the first, thereon eight arrows saltirewise banded also of the third, 
between on the dexter side three bendlets enhanced and on the sinister a fleur- 
de-lis or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a representation of the front of a 
locomotive engine proper, between two wings or. Motto — " Forward." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 25th F"ebruary 1898.] 

GREAT GRIMSBY (Lincolnshire). Argent, a chevron between three boars 
heads couped sable. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

GREAT TORRINGTON (Devonshire). Argent, in base two bars wavy, over all 
a fleur-de-lis within a bordure engrailed, all sable. Confirmed by Harvey, 
Clarenceux, 6th September 1564, and also recorded at the Visitation of 
Devonshire, 1620. 

Berry makes the base barry wavy of six argent and azure, and does not 
engrail the bordure. The Corporation notepaper shows the fleur-de-lis in chief 
and not over all. 



.^36 




GREAT CENTRAL RAILWAY 




GREAT GRIMSBY 




GREAT TORRINGTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GREECE, Kingdom of. Azure, a Greek cross couped argent. Stipporters — On 
either side the figure of Hercules, a lion-skin hanging from his interior shoulder 
and supporting with his e.xterior hand a club resting on the ground, all proper. 

[The Royal Arms of Greece are usually shown surmounted by an 
inescutcheon of the King's personal arms — refer sub Denmark — either the first 
quarter alone of Denmark or the full quarterings.] 

GREENOCK (Renfrewshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents upon the sea a three-masted ship in full sail between two 
other ships upon the horizon. In the foreground is a quay, upon which one 
man is rolling barrels under the directions of another man. 

GREENLAND. Refer to Denmark. 

GREEN ROD, Usher of. Refer to Usher of the Green Rod. 

GREENWICH, Borough of (London). Argent, on a pale azure, between six 
mullets of six points, three on either side, an estoile radiated in chief and an 
hour-glass in base, all counterchanged. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in 
front of an ancient ship of one mast, sail furled, flags flying sable, two anchors 
in saltire or. Motto — "Tempore utimur." 

[Granted, July 15, 1903, by Sir Albert Woods, Garter, G. E. Cokayne, 
Clarenceux, and William H. Weldon, Norroy.] 

GRENADA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued, but the Admiralty 
publishes as a device to be used on the Union flag by the Governor, a sea- 
scape disc, thereon a ship in full sail with the Motto — " Clarior e tenebris." 

GRESHAM COLLEGE. Argent, a chevron ermines, between three mullets 
pierced sable. Crest — On a mount vert, a grasshopper or. 

These arms are recorded in the College of Arms. They were originally 
the arms and crest of Sir Thomas Gresham, the founder of Gresham College. 

GRESHAM'S SCHOOL (Holt). Uses two escutcheons, placed side by side : 
(Dexter) the arms of the Fishmongers' Company, (sinister) the arms of Gresham, 
viz.. Argent, a chevron ermines between three mullets pierced sable on a chief 
or, a trefoil slipped vert between two griffins' heads erased sable, collared gold. 
Motto — " All worship be to God only." 

[The school was founded by Sir John Gresham, and is managed by the 
Fishmongers' Company.] 



338 






GRESHAM COLLEGE 



GREENWICH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GREY TAWYERS COMPANY (London). Ermine, on a chevron sable, 
between three squirrels proper, with beads and chains of gold about their necks, 
three roses argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a squirrel sejant proper 
as in the arms. 

[Granted 27th September 1476 by Holme, Clarenceux, and confirmed by 
Benolt, Clarenceux, nth October 1531.J 

GRIMSBY. See Great Grimsby. 

GROCERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Anciently called the 
Pepperers.) (Incorporated i6th February 1428.) Argent, a chevron gules 
between nine cloves sable, three, three, and three. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a camel passant proper, bridled gules, on his back a bale argent, corded 
also gules. Supporters — Two griffins per fesse gules and or. Motto — " God 
grant grace." 

[Arms, crest, and supporters granted by Thomas Benolt, Clarenceux, 1531.] 

GRONINGEN (Germany). Argent, a double-headed eagle displayed sable, on 
its breast an inescutcheon of the field charged with a fesse vert. 

GUASTALLA, Duchy of Argent, a cross patee throughout gules, between four 
eagles displayed sable. 

[These are really the arms of Gonzaga, Dukes of Mantua.] 

GUERNSEY. Refer to Channel Islands. 



340 




GROCERS, COMPANY OF 





GUASTALLA 



GRONINGEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
GUIANA. Refer to British Guiana. 

GUIANA, See of. Argent on a cross azure, a Passion Cross or, on a chief gules, a 
lion passant guardant or, holding a crozier. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

GUILD OF FREEMEN OF THE CITY OF LONDON. Refer to London. 

GUILD OF ST JAMES. Refer to Cook's Company, Dublin. 

GUILDFORD, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

GUILDFORD (Surrey). Sable, on a mount vert, a castle with two towers 
embattled, on each tower a spire ; from the battlements of the castle rising 
a tower triple-towered all or, the whole betweeil two woolpacks in fesse argent, 
the base barry wavy of the last and azure, and over all in base a lion passant 
guardant, also or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

But the coat as it is frequently made use of, and as it appears upon the 
seals of the Town and of the County Council of Surrey, differs in several 
points, agreeing with the blazon of Burke in his "General Armory," namely: — 

" Guilford, or Guldeford, Town of (Co. Surrey). — Sa. on a mount vert a 
castle with two towers embattled, on each tower a spire, surmounted with a 
ball from the battlements, between the towers a tower triple-towered all an, 
and charged with an escutcheon, quarterly, of France and England ; under 
the battlements of the castle two roses in fesse or, the port ppr. charged on the 
centre with a key and portcullised both gold, on the mount before the port 
a lion couchant guard, of the fourth, on each side the castle, in fesse, a wool- 
pack of the third paleways, the base of the field water ppr." 

GUILDHALL FRATERNITY (London). Azure, on a chief gules, a leopard's 
head cabossed or, langued gules, and in base a fleur-de-lis of the third, between 
two holy-water sprinklers in saltire also of the third, and argent. Crest — Six 
holy-water sprinklers in saltire or and argent, banded of the first. Mmitluig — 
Azure and gules furred with ermine. 

[Granted by Holme, Clarenceux, July i6, 1482 (22 Edward IV.), and con- 
firmed by Benolt, Clarenceux, 1530, 22 Henry VIII.] 

GUINEA. Refer to British New Guinea. 

GUINEA, NEW, See of Azure, a sword in pale point upwards surmounted by 
two keys in saltire wards upwards, over all an inescutcheon gules, charged with 
a native boat, the sail set all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 



342 





GUIANA, SEE OF 



GUINEA, NEW, SEE OF 




GUILDFORD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

GUNMAKERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 14th March 
1637.) Argent two guns (muskets) in saltire proper, in chief the cypher C. P. (or ? 
the letter G) and in base the letter V sable, each crowned with a regal crown, on 
the dexter side in fesse a barrel and on the sinister three balls all of the second. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dexter arm in armour holding in the hand 
a scimitar all proper. 

This device is quite unauthorised, andBerry in his " Encyclopaedia Heraldica," 
says of it, " This appears to be a composition of some painter and not a proper 
armorial ensign." 

GUVAN. See Govan. 

GUY'S HOSPITAL. (Corporation for the Management and Disposition of the 
Charities of Thomas Guy of London.) Sable, on a chevron or, between three 
leopards' heads argent, each crowned with an Eastern crown of the second, as 
many fleurs-de-lis azure. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a woman sitting 
accompanied with three children proper, habited azure, being the emblem of 
Charity. Supporters — On either side, an angel proper, habited argent, the hair 
and wings or, each holding a book proper, the clasps gold. Motto—" Dare quam 
accipere." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 24th May 1725.] 

GYMNASTS, Society of German. Or, four figures of the letter F addorsed in 
cross sable. 

[Adopted 2nd and 3rd August 1846, the four " F's" being taken from the 
1 6th century rhyme — 

" Frisch, frei, frolich und frumb 
1st der Studenten Reichtum." 
" Fresh, free, joyous and good is the realm of the students."] 



344 




GUNMAKERS, COMPANY OF 




GUVS HOSPITAL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HAARLEM (Holland). Gules, a sword in pale point upwards proper, pomel and 
hilt gold surmounted by a cross pattce and between four mullets of six points, 
two on either side in pale argent. 

HABERDASHERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 3rd 
June 144S.) Barry nebuly of six argent and azure, on a bend gules, a lion 
passant guardant or. Cirsi— On a wreath of the colours, two arms embowed 
proper, issuing from clouds of the last, holding a chaplet of laurel vert. 
Supporters — Two Indian goats argent, attired and unguled or. Motto — " Serve 
and obey." 

[Granted by Robert Cooke, Ciarenceux, 8th November 1571, confirmed 1634.] 

HABERDASHERS' COMPANY ( Exeter). Used the arms, crest, supporters, and 
motto of the Haberdashers' Company of London. 

HACKNEY, Borough of (London). Has no arms. The seal, which is not heraldic, 
shows in a landscape a church tower. Motto — " Justitia turris nostra." 

HADDINGTONSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council consists of a monogram of the letters H.C.C., and above it upon a 
mount a goat, all within the legend M.D.C.C.C.X.C. 

HADDINGTON (Haddingtonshire). Has not matriculated any armorial 
bearings. The seal represents upon a diapered background a tree growing 
from a mount, and on the dexter side thereof a goat saliant against the tree. 
The legend is "David D. G. Rex Scottor. Sig. com. burgi de Hadington." 
Another seal, within the legend "David Dei Gratia Rex Scottorum. Sigillum 
commune burgi de Hadington," represents two escutcheons, the dexter 
bearing a king crowned and seated under a canopy, resting his dexter hand 
upon a shield charged with a lion rampant and holding in his sinister hand 
a sceptre. The sinister escutcheon is charged with a mount, therefrom issuing 
a tree, and on the dexter side a goat saliant against the tree. The following 
blazon has, however, been supplied to me, but it is not authoritative : " Azure, 
on a mount in base vert, a goat statant argent, armed, crined, and unguled or." 

HADLEIGH (Suffolk). (Incorporated by Letters Patent, November 22, 1618.) 
" Azure, a chevron erminois, between three woolsackes argent. Crest — On a 
wreath or and azure, a mount vert, thereon a lambe standing argent, holding a 
banner azure with a woolsacke argent, the stafife or mantelled argent, doubled 
gules." 

[Granted by William Camden, Ciarenceux King of Arms, February 18, 
1618. The grant is printed in extenso in the "Proceedings of the Suffolk 
Archaeological Institute," vol. iii., p. 311.] 

HAGUE, THE (Holland). Or, a stork proper, beaked and legged gules holding 
in its beak a serpent proper. 

346 





HAARLEM 



HABERDASHERS, COMPANY OF 




HADLEIGH 




THE HAGUE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HAILEYBURY COLLEGE (Hertford). (Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1864.) 
Has no arms. Those in use are azure, an open book proper inscribed with the 
words " Sursum corda " between three hearts or, winged argent. Refer to East 
India College. 

[Of no authority.] 

HALIFAX (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use, which are 
of some antiquity, are, Chequy or and azure, a man's face with long hair and 
bearded and dropping blood, and surmounted by a halo all proper, in chief 
the letters HALEZ and in base the letters FAX. And for a Crest a Paschal Lamb. 
A Motto is sometimes used, "Nisi Dominus custodierit civitatem." The 
lettering varies, being sometimes HALEG, HALEY, or HALIZ. The last form is as 
used upon the seal, but the head is not placed upon an escutcheon, simply upon 
a plain diapered background (not chequy). Upon escrolls on the seal are 
the words " Warren " and " Lewes," and the lamb, which here simply separates 
the beginning and end of the legend, is couchant and has no cross or banner. 
Appended is a " newspaper cutting " relating to the arms, but the editor can 
accept no responsibility for its accuracy, and simply quotes it for what it 
may be worth : — 

" Halifax strikes us at once as being what French heralds call ' allusive 
arms,' or arms which evidently contain an allusion. There is, however, a 
disagreement among antiquaries as to what this allusion really is in the present 
case. Halifax is known to mean holy hair or holy face, but this does not 
much help to clear up the obscurity. Some maintain that the head represented 
on the shield is that of John the Baptist, there having been at Halifax ever 
since the introduction of Christianity a church dedicated to that saint, and 
a relic of his head preserved there. The other party have a romantic legend 
about a damsel of the old time, of renowned virtue, but also so obstinate as 
to tax the patience of some of her admiring neighbours beyond endurance. 
One of them was so vexed that he cut oft" her head and flung it into a tree. 
The maiden was more esteemed in death than she had been in life, for her 
memory was greatly venerated. A church was built in her honour on the 
spot where she had been killed, and her head was adopted as the arms of the 
town." 

HALSTEAD (Essex). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's "General Armory" 
gives " Az. a coronet composed of one fleur-de-lis and two leaves or." 

HAMBROUGH (/.c HAMBURG) MERCHANTS. Refer to Adventurers. 



348 





HAILEYBURY COLLEGE 



HALSTEAD 




HALIFAX 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HAMBURG (Germany). Gules, issuant in base a tower and from the battlements 
three turrets, the centre one domed and surmounted by a cross and above each 
of the others a mullet of six points all argent. Mantling — Gules and argent. 
Crest — On a wreath gules and argent three plumes of peacock feathers proper in 
holders or, alternating with six banners of the arms. Supporters — Two lions 
rampant regardant proper. 

HAMILTON (Lanarkshire). Gules, three cinquefoils pierced argent. Above the 
shield is placed a suitable helmet, with a mantling gules doubled argent, and on 
a wreath of the proper liveries is set for Crest, A cinquefoil pierced as in the 
arms, and in an escroll over the same this Motto, " Sola nobilitat virtus." 
Matriculated in Lyon Office, 20th July 1886. 

The entry in the Lyon Register recites, " That the Burgh of Hamilton was 
Erected into a Burgh of Regality on the first day of June in the year One 
Thousand Six hundred and Seventy by Charter of Ann Duchess of Hamilton 
and Lady of the Dutchy and Regality of the same, with consent of her husband 
William, Duke of Hamilton." 

HAMMERMEN, The Craft and Incorporation of (Aberdeen). Gules, a dexter 
arm issuing from the sinister flank fesseways, the hand holding a smith's hammer 
proper, hafted argent, and over it a crown or, in the dexter nombril point a smith's 
anvil of the second and above the same in cheife a tower of Aberdeen. Motto — 
" Finis coronat opus." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 15th May 1682.] 

HAMMERMEN, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Azure, a hammer erect in 
pale argent, ensigned with a ducal coronet or. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sjib Edinburgh.] 



350 




HAMBURG 





HAMMERMEN (EDINBURGH) 



HAMILTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HAMMERSMITH, Borough of (London). Party per pale azure and gules, on a 
chevron between two cross crosslets in chief and an escallop in base argent, three 
horse-shoes of the first. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon the battle- 
ments of a tower two hammers in saltire all proper. Motto — " Spectemur 
agendo." 

[Granted 23rd December 1897.] 

HAMPSHIRE, otherwise the county of Southampton, has no armorial bearings. 
Those of the town of Southampton (to which refer) are frequently quoted and 
used : often with the colours reversed. 

HAMPSHIRE. Refer to New Hampshire, U.S.A. 

HAMPSTEAD, Borough of (London). Has no arms. Those in use are : Azure, 
on a cross argent, a mitre between four fleurs-de-lis gules, a chief indented or, 
fretty also gules. Crest — A buck's head couped argent, gorged with a wreath of 
holly fructed proper. Motto — " Non sibi sed toti." 
[Of no authority.] 

HANLEY (Staffordshire). Has no armorial bearings. On the old Corporation 
notepaper and on the seal, however, the following somewhat intricate representa- 
tion appeared : Party per pale and per chevron, the dexter side barry of six or 
and ermine, three jugs proper (or perhaps azure); the sinister side ermine a cross 
voided sable between four towers flammant proper, the base gules four mullets, 
one two and one argent. Crest — A camel kneeling, bridled and burdened 
(or perhaps the burden was intended for an escutcheon of St George) proper. 
Around the escutcheon was a cord tied in what one must imagine was the 
designer's idea of indicating the locality of Hanley by a series of Stafford knots. 
It was decidedly a pretty idea, but is a striking example of the truth of the 
old adage, " A little knowledge is a dangerous thing," for the result was to 
surround the so-called armorial bearings of Hanley with a very close re- 
semblance to the insignia of the Order of the Cordeliere of France, which was 
confined to widow ladies of noble family. Hanley now forms part of the 
Amalgamated Borough of Stoke-on-Trent, to which refer. 

HANCVER, Province of (Prussia). Gules, a horse courant argent. Crest — Out 
of a coronet a pyramidical cylinder gules ending in a coronet or, issuing there- 
from a plume of peacock feathers proper, charged with a star of six points or, 
and in front thereof a horse courant argent between two sickles of the same, the 
handles gules issuing from the coronet, the blades adorned on the outer edges 
with peacock feathers. Supporters — (Dexter) a savage holding a banner of 
Prussia, (sinister) a man in complete armour supporting a banner of Hanover 
as above. 



352 




HAMMERSMITH 




HAMPSTEAD 




HANOVER, PROVINCE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HANNOVER, Town of (Hanover, Germany). Gules, upon a battlemented wall 
surmounted by two towers argent, a lion passant or, armed and langued azure : 
in the open portway of the wall below the raised portcullis an inescutcheon or, 
charged with a clover-leaf vert, the point of the leaf towards the base seeded 
and veined also or. Mantling — Gules and or. Crest — Upon a wreath gules and 
or, between two bufTalo horns the de.xter per fesse gules and or, the sinister 
counterchanged, a clover-leaf as in the arms. Supporters — Two lions or. 

HANSE TOWNS (Germany). Refer to Bremen, Hamburg, Lubeck. 

HAPSBURG. Refer to Austria. 

HARROGATE (Yorkshire). Quarterly argent and gules, a cross counterchanged 
between, in the first and fourth quarters a fountain proper, and in the second 
and third a bugle-horn stringed or, on a chief per pale of the second and azure, 
a lion passant guardant of the first. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, out of the battlements of a tower a trunk of a tree erect, entwined by 
two serpents respecting each other proper, surmounted by a cock sable, combed 
and wattled gules. Motto — " Arx Celebris fontibus." 
Granted, College of Arms, 8th November 1884. 

HARROW (Middlesex). Has no armorial bearings. The following are used : — 
" Azure, a lion rampant argent." Above the shield is placed a badge, two 
arrows in saltire argent, tied with a ribbon gules, and interlaced with a wreath 
of laurel or. Motto, " Stet fortuna domus." The Vestry Clerk, Mr William 
Winckley, F.S.A., in reply to a request for a copy of the seal, wrote me : — 

" In reply to your letter of the i ith inst., I beg to inform you that Harrow 
is not a corporate town, and therefore has no corporate Seal. The device of 
Harrow School is very commonly used by the inhabitants and school trades- 
men. The oval-shaped impression [simply showing a lion rampant within the 
legend " Donorum Dei dispensatio fidelis "■ — Ed.] is a copy of the seal of the 
Governors of the School, and the one with crossed arrows over the lion [as the 
illustration — Ed.] is what is now most commonly used. You will observe 
the arrows are not a crest, but are merely put over the shield in allusion to 
the ancient practice of archery at the School, which has long since been 
abolished. [Has the palpable pun nothing to do with it? — Ed.] The assumed 
colour of the shield is blue, and of the lion white." 

HARROW SCHOOL (Harrow-on-the-Hill). Argent, a lion rampant azure. 
Motto — "Stet fortuna domus." 

[Of no authority ; supposed, but quite wrongly, to be the arms of John Lyon, 
yeoman, the founder of the school.] 

HARTLEPOOL, WEST. See West Hartlepool. 



354 




HANNOVER, TOWN OF 




HARROW SCHOOL 



HARROGATE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HARTLEPOOL (Durham). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which is of 
very crude workmanship, represents a hart standing in a pool towards the 
sinister, its head regardant, and on its back a dog. The legend is " S' com- 
munitatis de Herterpol." 

HARWICH (Essex). Has no armorial bearings, but the following, which appear 
upon the seal, and are universally made use of, are quoted in Burke's '' General 
Armory " : " Gu. a portcullis with chains pendent or, nailed and pointed az. 
Crest, an antique ship with one mast or, in water ppr., on the head and stern 
towers an, one also fixed near the top of the mast, on the sinister side the sail 
furled, and on the masthead a split pennon flotant gu." 

HASLINGDEN (Lancashire). Quarterly or and argent, on a fesse wavy azure, 
between a lion rampant purpure, holding between the paws a quatrefoil ermine 
in the first quarter ; six eagles displayed three two and one gules, in the centre 
chief point a rose of the last barbed and seeded proper in the second ; a cog 
wheel sable in the third ; a pickaxe in bend surmounting a spade in bend 
sinister entwined by a chain in arch, all proper in the fourth ; a shuttle, fesse- 
wise of the first, tipped and furnished with the thread pendant of the second. 
Crest — Upon a mount a rock, thereon a moorcock holding in the beak a sprig 
of hazel between two branches of hazel fructed, all proper Motto — " Nothing 
without labour." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 25th March 1S92.] 

HASTINGS (Sussex). Party per pale gules and azure, a lion passant guardaiit 
.or, between in chief and in base a lion passant guardant or dimidiated with the 
hulk of a ship argent. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

HAT-BAND MAKERS' COMPANY, London. (Incorporated rst December 
1664.) Azure, on a chevron between three hat-bands or, as many merillions sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

HAVERFORDWEST (Pembrokeshire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke in 
his " General Armory " says, " The Arms are generally said to be an old man's 
head in profile couped at the neck. The seal represents a castle triple-towered 
on a mount, from the centre a man blowing a horn, on each of the other towers 
a flag, the tower supported by two heraldic tigers." Debrett's " House of 
Commons " gives an illustration which would pass for the above, with the 
legend, " The Seal of Office of the Borough of Haverfordwest." But an im- 
pression (perhaps of a different seal) which has come under the editor's notice 
represents a castle of three towers, the centre one very much the tallest, and 
therefrom a man blowing a horn to the sinister, on each of the outer towers a 
flag ; on the dexter side of the castle is an heraldic tiger, and on the sinister 
is an eagle perched and regardant, its back towards the tower. At the base is 
a wyvern (?). The legend is " Sigillum comune de Hawerfordia." 

356 




ccnc 
Dcnc 
c nn"c 




f 




HARWICH 



HASLINGDEN 




F U B L t C 



^;«o^^. 



5. 



HASTINGS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HAVRE, LE (France). Gules, a salamander argent, crowned and in flames or, a 
chief of France, i.e. azure, three fleurs-de-lis or. 

HAWAII. The postage stamps show a coat quarterly i and 4 . . two bars 
argent 2 and 3 argent, nine mullets, three three and three ... on an 
inescocheon or, . . . Supporters — Two natives. 

HAWICK (Roxburghshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents an escutcheon charged with an altar surmounted by a book 
between, on the dexter side a banner bearing the date I5i4> and on the sinister 
side a heart regally crowned, on a chief sable a lamp. The legend is " Sigillum 
Burgi de Hawick." 

HAYTI. Azure, on a mount in front of a palm-tree surmounted by a cap of liberty, 
a trophy of military weapons. [Refer to illustration.] 

Christopher, the black Emperor of Hayti, assumed the following arms : Or, a 
phoenix imperially crowned issuing from flames proper. Motto — " Je renais de 
mes cendres." Supporters — Two lions rampant guardant ermine, imperially 
crowned or. 

HEBREW SCHOOL (Cambridge). Refer to Cambridge University, Regius 
Professors. 

HECKLERS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of 

HEDON (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a ship 
upon waves of the sea. Legend, " Sig. vil. de Hedon Camera Regis." 

HELENSBURGH (Dumbartonshire). Has not matriculated any armorial 
bearings. Those doing duty upon the seal are peculiar ! ! They consist of 
an achievement which the editor understands purports to be that of Colquhoun 
of Luss impaled with Sutherland, and consequently that of Sir James Grant or 
Colquhoun of Luss, first Baronet (of the United Kingdom), who married, 
1 2th April 1740, Helen, daughter of William, Lord Strathnaver, and sister of 
William, i6th Earl of Sutherland. The arms are, on the dexter side (for 
Colquhoun), Argent, a saltire engrailed sable, and on an inescutcheon in chief 
the badge of Ulster as a Baronet of the United Kingdom. On the sinister side 
(for Sutherland), Gules three mullets or, on a bordure of the last a double 
tressure flory and counterflory of the first. Below the shield hangs the badge 
of a Baronet of Nova Scotia ! ! ! Perhaps the engraver didn't know which 
Sir James was, so put in both badges to make sure of having the right one 
somehow. For Crest — A hart's head couped gules, attired argent. For 
Supporters — On the de.xter side a ratch-hound argent, collared sable (both 
supporters of Colquhoun of Luss are as this), and on the sinister side a savage 
wreathed about the head and middle with leaves and holding over his exterior 
shoulder a club all proper. Mottoes (over the crest) — "Si je puis," (under the 
arms) " Cnoc elachan." A baronet's helmet and a lambrequin surmount the 
escutcheon upon the seal. 

358 





LE HAVRE 



HAYTI 




HELENSBURGH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
HELLYARS, COOPERS AND (Exeter). Refer to Coopers and Hellyars. 

HELSINGFORS (Finland). Gules, an empty boat fessewise proper, in chief an 
open crown or. 

HELSTON (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents St 
Michael, his wings expanded, standing in a gateway, the two towers domed, 
upon the upturned dragon, impaling it with his spear, and bearing upon his 
left arm an escutcheon of the arms of England, namely, Gules, three lions 
passant guardant in pale or. The legend is " Sigillum comuatis ville hellestone 
burgth," 

HENLEY-UPON-THAMES (Oxfordshire). Has no armorial bearings. The 
seal at present in use represents the letter H crowned with a five-leaved ducal 
coronet, above which are rays of the sun issuing from behind clouds, and 
the Legend " Sigillum Gardiani ville de Henley." Debrett's " House of 
Commons " gives an older seal showing a lion rampant. As to this the following 
extract from "Berry" may be some explanation : — • 

" Henley-upon-Thames, Berkshire .... a lion rampant, .... as appears 
by a seal pendent to a deed dated 1306. The Corporation-seal, in the year 
1624, appears to be the letter H, ducally crowned ; in chief clouds issuing 
rain : with this impression the money coined at Henley was stamped, as appears 
by the Visitation of Berks, in which the same is entered as the seal of this 
corporation, and with this legend round it. Villa; de Henley Sigillum." 

HERALDS' COLLEGE. Refer to College of Arms. 

HEREDITARY GREAT MASTER OF THE HOUSEHOLD IN SCOT- 
LAND. Refer to Argyll, Duke of 

HEREDITARY LORD GREAT SENESCHAL OF IRELAND. Badge of 
Office, a white wand in pale behind his escutcheon. 
[Recorded in Ulster's Office.] 

HEREDITARY MARSHAL OF IRELAND. Two batons in saltire behind his 
arms. According to MS. Hail. 65S9 f 39, " Les armes des office du Mareschall 
d'Ireland sont de Goulz et cinque fucelles bendes d'Argent." 

HEREFORDSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The old arms of the city 
of Hereford (to which refer), namely, " Gules, three lions passant guardant 
in pale argent," have been quoted for the County. 



360 




HELSINGFORS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HEREFORD, City of (Herefordshire). Gules, three lions passant guardant in 
pale argent, on a bordurc azure ten saltires of the second. Crest — A lion 
passant guardant argent, holding in the dexter paw a sword erect proper, hilt 
and pommel or. Supporters — Two lions rampant guardant argent, each gorged 
with a collar azure, charged with three buckles or. Motto — " Invicta: fidelitatis 
pr.-Emium." 

The City of Hereford always, for some reason, makes use of a Peer's 
helmet. The following is a copy of the original draft of the grant, which 
said draft is for some reason in Ulster's Office: — 

" To all & singular unto whom these presents shall come S' Edward walker 
Kt Garter principall King of Armes of Inglish men sendeth greeting whereas 
it is most agreable to Justice & reason y' those persons families & Citties that 
have excell'd in wisdome fidelitie & emient service to ther prince & Countrie 
in y" times of war should have due regard for such ther worth & valiant actions 
amoungst w''' was y*^ multitude of barbarous rebells & ther many & traitorious 
practises against his majesties sacred person the religion lawes & liberties of his 
majesties kingdomes have excelled y'^ example of former ages & have therby 
rendered y'= duty Courage & loyallty of those who have valiantly & faithfully 
adhered to his Majestic y'^ more perspicuous & deserving esteeme for ther hath 
not any Citty since this unnaturall Rebellion Exprest greater fidelity & 
Courage then y"' Citty of herefford in Continuing there alleaganc & resisting y'^ 
many attempts of y*^ rebells but y*^ greatness of there loyallty Courages & 
undaunted resolution did then most enimently appeare when being straightly 
beseiged for y* space of 5 weeks by a powcrfull army of Rebellious Scotts & 
having noe hopes of releife they Joyning with garison & doeing y'= duty of 
souldiers then defended themselves and repelled ther fury and assaults with 
such singular constansy & resolution & with soe great distructon of y'' 
beseidges that they are therby become y^ wonder of ther Neighboring garisons 
& may be an Example to all other Citties & therfore doe justly deserve such 
caracters of honor as may be certified to posterity know y'^ therfore y' I y^ 
s"* S' Edw. Walker K'. Gar', princip'. King at (sic) Armes of Inglish by y'' 
power & authority anext to my office of garter & Confirmed to me by his 
Majesties letters pattents under y' great Seale of England & likewise his 
Majesties speciall Comand & directions have devisd & sett forth such an 
adition & augmentation of armes with Crest supporters & motto unto and 
for y^ s'^ Citty viz. about y*^ anntient armes of y' Citty being gules 3 lions 
passant gard. ; argent on a border azure 10 saltiers or Scottish Crosses argent 
supported by two lions ramp. gard. arg. each collerd azure and one each Coller 
3 buckels or in reference to y'^ armes of y^ Rebellious generall Leisly Earle of 
Leuen by whom it was besidged & for y"^ Crest on a helme & torse of y"^ 
Coller mantled guls doubled argent a lion pass. gard. argent holding in y'= 
dexter paw a sword erect proper hilt & pomelled or & in a scrowle underneath 
this Motto Invictae fidelitatis premium w"'' augmentation of armes Crest 
supporters & motto I doe hereby give grant & assign unto y' now maior 

362 




HEREFORD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

aldermen & Corporation of y^ Citty of Hereford to be by them & their successors 
for ever sett forth upon all occasion as y" proper armes of that Citty. In 
wittness whereof I have herunto subscribd my name & affixt y'^ Scale of 
my office y° i6 day of 7"'ber in y'^ 21 yeare of y'= raign of our souvraigne 1'' 
Charles by y" grace of god king Ing. Scott, fr. & Ir. defender of y"= f"' & In y'^ 
year of our L"* 1645." 

HEREFORD, See of. Gules three leopards' faces reversed jessant-de-lis or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

These arms are derived from the personal arms of Thomas de Cantelupe, 
Bishop of Hereford, 1 275-1 282. 

HEREFORD, Dean and Chapter of. Or, five chevronels azure. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms at the Visitation of Herefordshire, 1634.] 

HERIOT'S (GEORGE) SCHOOL, or Heriot's Hospital (Edinburgh). Has no 
arms. Those in use are argent, a mullet azure, and in base a child's head 
crowned, on a chief gules, three roses argent. Cres^ — A cornucopia. Motto (over 
crest) — " I distribute cheerfullie." 

[Of no authority. This school is administered by the Governors of George 
Heriot's Trust, to which refer.] 

HERIOT'S TRUST, The Governors of George (Edinburgh). Have no arm.s. 
Those in use are "argent, on a fesse azure, three cinquefoils of the field, in 
base a mullet gules." Crest — A cornucopia proper. Motto — " I distribute cheer- 
fully," or alternatively, " Impendo." 

[George Heriot, jeweller to King James, born in Edinburgh, died in London, 
1623. No arms for him or his family are matriculated in Lyon Register, but the 
shield only as above quoted is on record at the College of Arms in the Register 
of Funeral Certificates.] 

HERIOT- WATT COLLEGE. This school is administered by the Governors of 
George Heriot's Trust, to which refer. 

HERITABLE USHER FOR SCOTLAND. Refer to Walker Trustees. 



364 





HEREFORD, DEAN OF 



HEREFORD, SEE OF 





HERIOT'S SCHOOL 



HERIOTS TRUST 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HERTFORDSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Those most generally employed 
are " argent on a mount vert, a hart lodged gules," but " a hart trippant (some- 
times statant) in a ford " are also in use. 

HERTFORD, Town of (Hertfordshire.) Argent, a hart lodged resting on water 
proper. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. 

Burke's "General Armory" gives the arms with which the town is generally 
credited, namely, " Argent on a mount vert, a hart lodged gules " As is 
the case with the county the hart is sometimes placed in a ford, and trippant or 
statant. The seal, however, represents a hart statant in a ford in front of a tree, 
and a castle triple-towered and domed in the background. 

HERTFORD COLLEGE (Oxford). No arms. ^^-^Z— Represented in a land- 
scape a hart stooping down his head as going to drink at a ford, all within a 
ribbon, on which was the Motto — "Sicut cervus anheiat ad fontes aquarum." 

According to the University Calendar the arms in use are : " Gules, a stag's 
head caboshed argent, attired and between the attires a cross pattee fitchee 
at the foot or," but there is no official authority for this. 

HESSE, Grand Duchy of. Azure, a lion rampant double-queued barry of eight 
argent and gules, crowned or, holding in his dexter paw a sword of the second, 
hilt and pommel gold. Supporters — Two lions guardant queue-fourche^ and 
crowned or. Motto — "Gott ehre vaterland." 



366 





HERTFORD 



HERTFORD COLLEGE (OXFORD) 




HESSE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HESSE-NASSAU, Province of (Prussia). Per pale and a point in pairle reversed, 
the dexter azure, a lion rampant barry of eight argent and gules, crowned or 
(Hesse) ; azure, billette and a lion rampant and crowned or (Nassau) ; in base 
gules, an eagle displayed argent, armed or (Frankfurt). Crests — (Dexter) out 
of a crown two horns argent adorned with linden leaves (Hesse) ; (sinister) out of 
a crown a lion sejant affrontee crowned or, between two horns azure, billette or 
(Nassau). Supporters — (Dexter) a savage supporting a banner of Prussia ; 
(sinister) a man in complete armour supporting a banner of Hesse-Nassau 
as above. 

HEXHAM (Northumberland). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council of Northumberland, iiowever, exhibits on escutcheon for Hexham show- 
ing a saltire. 

HEYDON. See Hedon. 

HEYTESBURY (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal (according to 
Burke and Berry) shows the following arms ... a long cross mounted on three 
degrees, ensigned on the top with a fleur-de-lis, on each side of the cross an 
escutcheon, thereon a chief and two chevrons. Berry adds a note, " The colours 
are not known." 

HEYWOOD (Lancashire). Or, five pellets between two bendlets engrailed, the 
whole between as many mascles sable ; and for the Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours in front of the trunk of a tree eradicated fessewise, and sprouting to the 
dexter a falcon rising proper, each wing charged with a pellet, and holding in 
the beak a sprig of oak also proper, three mascles interlaced or. Motto — ".•\lte 
volo. 

[Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Garter Principal King of Arms, 
Robert Laurie, Clarenceux King of Arms, Walter Aston Blount, Norroy King of 
Arms, 14th May 1S81.] 

HIGHGATE SCHOOL (London). Argent, a sword fesseways, point to the dexter 
proper, pommel and hilt gold, between in chief an esquire's helmet also proper, 
and in base a griffin's head erased sable. Motto — •" Altiora in votis." 
[Of no authority.] 

HIGH SCHOOL OF STIRLING. Refer to Stirling. 

HIGH WYCOMBE (Buckinghamshire). See Wycombe. 

HIGHAM FERRERS (Northamptonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The 
Corporation seal, which is very ancient, represents in chief a dexter hand couped 
at the wrist, the little finger and the next doubled in, the others pointing to the 
dexter side, under the hand nine men's heads in profile couped at the neck, five 
in the upper row, the centre head looking to the dexter side, all the other eight 
looking to the centre of the seal. 

368 




^^^^m^^=^ 




HESSE-NASSAU 



HEYTESBURY 





HIGHGATE SCHOOL 



HEYWOOD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HILLSBOROUGH (Co. Down). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. The seal represents a castle, and from the dexter tower a banner of - 
St George flying. This device has been used as a coat-of-arms. Motto — 
" Semper floreat." 

HINCKLEY, Honour of. Party per pale indented argent and gules. 
[ Vide Planches " Pursuivant of Arms," p. 6!.] 

HOHEN-EMBS, County of. Azure, a steinbock or, horned sable. 

HOHENZOLLERN LAND, Province of (Prussia). Quarterly argent and 
sable. Crest — Out of a crown a talbot's head or, eared gules. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a savage supporting a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a man in complete 
armour supporting a banner of Hohenzollern. 

HOKKAIDO, See of (Japan). Per fesse the chief azure, and thereon the sun rays 
extended throughout or, rising from waves of the sea, therein a fish naiant all 
proper, the base argent, a cross gules. 
[Of no authority.] 

HOLBORN, Borough of (London). Argent, a cro.ss gules, charged in the centre 
point with a hind lodged, pierced by an arrow or, on a chief sable, three escallops 
of the field. Crest — Out of a mural crown proper, a demi-figure representing 
St Andrew the Apostle, vested azure, holding in the dexter hand an open book 
also proper, and supporting on his sinister arm a saltire argent. Supporters — • 
(Dexter) a lion, (sinister) a gryphon, both or, each gorged with a collar gules, 
suspended therefrom an escocheon barry wavy of ten argent and azure. Motto 
— "Multi per transibunt et augebitur scientia." 
[Granted, College of Arms, May 13, 1906.] 

HOLLAND. Refer to Netherlands. 

HOLSTEIN. Refer to Denmark. 

HOLY SPIRIT, College of the (Isle of Cumbrae, N.B.). Quarterly, ist and 4th 
grand quarters, azure, St Columba in a boat at sea, on his sinister hand a dove, 
and in dexter chief a blazing star all proper ; 2nd and 3rd grand quarters, counter- 
quartered, 1st and 4th or, an eagle displayed with two heads gules, armed and 
beaked azure, 2nd and 3rd, parted per bend embattled gules and argent ; in an 
escutcheon of pretence in the centre of the 2nd and 3rd grand quarters or, three 
stags' horns gules. 

[Recorded in Lyon Office. Granted by George Burnett, Lyon King of 
Arms, 30th November 1874.] 

HOLYWOOD (Co. Dowrn). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the Town 
Commissioners represents the gable end of a church, surrounded by a wood. 



570 





HOKKAIDO, SEE OF 





HOLBORN 



HOLY SPIRIT, COLLEGE OF THE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HONAN, See of (China). Argent, a cross purpure, in the first quarter a flaming 
lamp, in the second an irradiated book expanded, in the third a (?), in the fourth 
a sprig of three maple leaves. 
[Of no authority.] 

HONDURAS. Refer to British Honduras. 

HONDURAS AND CENTRAL AMERICA, See of. Argent, on a cross gules 
between four leaves an open book proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

HONG-KONG. No ofificial warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Hong- 
Kong. The device published by the Admiralty is a landscape. 

HONG-KONG UNIVERSITY. Refer to University of Hong-Kong. 

HONITON (Devonshire). Has not any armorial bearings. The seal represents 
on the dexter side a branch of honeysuckle below a human figure, affrontee 
erased at the waist, holding its dexter hand towards a female three-quarter 
length figure in profile vested. In chief is a dexter hand fesseways, couped at 
the wrist, the third and fourth fingers doubled down. The legend is " The 
Common Seal of the Borough of Honiton, Devon, 1846." 

An interesting article by J. Gale Pedrick in relation to the charges upon 
the seal appears in the Genealogical Magazine, vol. ii. pp. 18-22. 

HONOLULU, See of. Per fesse gules and azure, in chief two keys in satire 
addorsed argent, in base a cross moline of the same. 
[Of no authority.] 

HONOURABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. Refer to Artillery Company. 

HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY. Refer to East India Company. 

HONOURABLE SOCIETIES OF LINCOLN'S INN, INNER TEMPLE, 
MIDDLE TEMPLE, AND GRAY'S INN. Refer to those several names. 

[There is really no authority for this style of Honourable, which is self given. 
As a mere adjective one hopes it is deserved, though the lay person has often 
questioned it, but as a formal style one would have looked to find some 
official sanction from the quarter from which rank, dignities, and styles are 
usually derived.] 



372 





HONAN, SEE OF 



HONDURAS AND CENTRAL AMERICA, SEE OF 




HONOLULU, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HORNERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 12th January 
1638.) Argent, on a chevron between three leather bottles sable, as many 
bugle horns stringed of the first. 
[Of no authority.] 

HORNSEY, Borough of (London). Per chevron argent and sable, in chief two 
trees eradicated proper, and in base two swords in saltire of the first, pommels 
and hilts or. Motto — " Fortitor quo paratior." 
[Grants, 74, 99, College of Arms.] 

HORSHAM (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. The following are given in 
Burke's "General Armory": — " Az. a lion ramp, ar., resting the dexter hind- 
foot on the letter H." 

HOSPITAL. Refer to Bethlehem Hospital, Charterhouse (Sutton's Hospital), 
Christ's Hospital, Foundling Hospital, Guy's Hospital, Morden Hospital, St 
Bartholomew's Hospital, St Cross Hospital, St George's Hospital, St John of 
Jerusalem Hospital, St Katherine's Hospital, St Thomas of Aeon's Hospital. 

HOVE, Borough of (Sussex). Per chevron the chief per pale or and gules, on the 
dexter a saltire azure, surmounted by another argent, and on the sinister two 
pairs of leg-irons, one chevronwise, the other reversed and interlaced of the first ; 
the base chequy azure and or, three martlets, one and two of the last, all within 
a bordure ermine charged with six martlets, also or. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, upon a mount of shingle, an ancient ship proper, with the sail dis- 
played azure, semee of cross crosslets or, and on a banner gules flying from the 
masthead to the dexter, a martlet as in the arms. Motto — " Floreat Hova." 
[Granted, College of Arms, i6th December 1899.] 



374 



Ajs.Ai 




HORNERS, COMPANY OF 




HORNSEY, BOROUGH OF 





r.. 1 b ^' 



HORSHAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HUDDERSFIELD (Yorkshire). Or, on a chevron between three rams passant 
sable, as many towers argent. Crest — A ram's head couped argent, armed or, 
gorged with a collar sable, holding in the mouth a sprig of the cotton-tree, 
slipped and fructed proper. Motto — " Juvat impigros Deus." 

Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt, Garter Principal King of 
Arms, Robert Laurie, Clarenceux King of Arms, William Aston Blount, Norroy 
King of Arms, October 12, 1868. 

The rams upon the escutcheon and the ram's head in the crest are, of 
course, an allusion to the fact that the freehold of the town of Huddersfield has 
almost exclusively belonged to the Ramsden family. The legend runs that at 
one time a former Sir John Ramsden was the possessor of the whole of the 
town, with the exception of a small house and smithy belonging to a labouring 
blacksmith of Quaker persuasion. Wishing to purchase this land, and thus 
possess the whole of the town, the Baronet called on the Quaker and asked if 
the latter were willing to sell. The blacksmith asked what price was offered. 
" I will cover this kitchen floor with sovereigns," answered the Baronet. " Wilt 
thee lay them edge upwards?" "No, I will cover your floor with them, but I 
will lay them flat." This was refused, the Quaker ending the conversation by 
saying, "Ah, well then, Sir John, Huddersfield belongs to thee and to me." 

It always seems to me a pity to discredit a good tale, but the occasion 
sometimes arises. In order to obtain an authentic confirmation or denial of the 
story, the present Sir John Ramsden, Baronet, was written to, and the letter 
brought the following reply : — 

"As regards the subject of your letter, I am directed to say that Sir John 
is sorry he can give no information as to the legend, often repeated with 
variations, and often appearing in print ; but Sir John never heard it from any 
member of his own family, even as a tradition, and an old Quaker gentleman, 
the descendant and heir of the Quaker who figures in the story, and from whom 
Sir John himself bought the land in question many years ago, assured him 
there was no truth in it whatever." 

HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY. (Incorporated 21 Charles II., 1670.) Argent, a 
cross gules, between four beavers passant proper. Crest — On a chapeau gules 
turned up ermine squirrel sejant proper. — Supporters — Two bucks proper. 
Motto — " Pro pelle cutem." 
[Of no authority.] 



376 




HUDDERSFIELD 




HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HULL, or more properly KINGSTON-UPON-HULL (Yorkshire). Azure, 
three ducal coronets in pale or. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. 

The origin of the coronets is said to be due to a company of " Merchant 
Adventurers," who, likening themselves to the three merchant kings of the East, 
who presented themselves with offerings at Bethlehem of old, assumed their 
three crowns as a device for the seal of the company, and this design being 
subsequently adopted by the town. My only authority for the foregoing 
tradition is a newspaper cutting. 

A more likely origin may be found in the arms of the City of Cologne, and 
the habit of those who imported fine linen from that city to set up the arms 
thereof as indicative of the wares they dealt in. 

HULL, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

HUNGARY. Refer to Austria. 

HUNGARY, Kingdom of. Quarterly: i, barry of eight argent and gules for 
Hungary, impaling azure a patriarchal cross argent, issuing from a ducal coronet 
or, placed on a mount of three ascents vert, also for Hungary ; 2, azure three 
leopards' heads crowned or, for Dalmatia ; 3, chequy argent and gules for 
Croatia ; 4, or, a dexter arm embowed proper, habited gules, issuing from the 
sinister side, and holding in the hand a cutlass argent, hilt and pommel or, for 
Sclavonia. Supporters — Two angels supporting the crown of St Stephen. 

HUNTINGDONSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council adopts a design identical with that upon the seal of the Corporation of 
the town of Huntingdon (to which refer), substituting for its legend " Hunting- 
donshire County Council, 1889." 

HUNTINGDON, Town of (Huntingdonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The 
seal represents a landscape, in the centre of which is a tree, on the dexter side 
of which is a bird perched, on the sinister side of the tree is a huntsman 
(supposed to represent Robin Hood) blowing a horn, in his sinister hand a bow 
and arrow, on the dexter side a stag courant pursued by two dogs, all proper. 
The legend is "Sigillum communitatis de Huntirisoune, 1628." 

HUNTLY (Aberdeenshire). Has no arms. The seal, which is not heraldic, shows 
a representation of the old castle of Huntly. Motto — " Wile dulci." 

HURON, See of (Canada). Gules, two swords in saltire argent, hilted or, in chief 
an Imperial crown proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

HURRERS AND MILLENERS' COMPANY. An ancient name for the 
Haberdashers' Company, to which refer. 

378 




HULL 




HURON, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

HYDE (Cheshire). Azure, a chevron nebuly argent, between three lozenges or, on 
a chief of the second a flake erect surmounted by a hatter's bow in bend sinister 
between a cog-wheel and two miners' picks in saltire, therefrom suspended a 
Davy lamp all proper ; and for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a 
pack of cotton prints azure, banded and semee of mascles or, a sprig of the 
cotton-tree slipped and fructed in bend sinister, surmounted by a shuttle 
furnished in bend proper. Motto — " Onward." 
[Granted, College of Arms, i8th July 1882.] 

HYTHE (Kent). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents upon the sea a 
one-masted ship, thereon two men, the sail furled, and two men lying on the 
yard-arm. In the sea are fish swimming. The legend is " Sigillum commune 
baronum de Hethe." 

ICELAND. Refer to Denmark. 

ILCHESTER (Somerset). Has no armorial bearings. The following are quoted 
in Burke's "General Armory," though with no colours mentioned: — "In a 
crescent an estoile of sixteen points." 

ILKESTON (Derbyshirej. Argent, on a saltire sable between two cotton hanks 
in pale and as many sinister gloves in fesse proper, the astronomical sign of 
Mars or, on a chief azure a representation of a piece of Maltese lace fessewise 
argent ; and for the Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, a bear's head couped 
proper, charged on the neck with the astronomical sign of Mars sable, suspended 
from the mouth a safety-lamp proper. Motto — " Labor omnia vincit." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 24th August 1887.] 

ILLYRIA. Refer to Austria. 

IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (London). 
Per fesse in chief the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, in base or, an open book proper inscribed with the word " Scientia." 
Motto — " Scientia imperii decus et tutamen." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant of King Edward VII., and recorded in the 
College of Arms.] 

INCORPORATED ACCOUNTANTS AND AUDITORS, Society of. Have no 
arms. The device in use is a female figure vested, crowned with a mural crown, 
holding in her dexter hand a scroll inscribed " Diligentia et vigilantia," and 
in her sinister hand a key, and standing on the upper part of a terrestrial globe 
issuing amongst clouds. 

INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY (of England). Refer to Attorneys, 
Solicitors, Proctors. 



380 





ILCHESTER 



HYDE 




ILKESTON 



IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND 
TECHNOLOGY 



THE BOOK OF 'PUBLIC ARMS 

INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY OF IRELAND. Azure, a harp or,, 
stringed argent, on a chief ermine, a pale gules, charged with an Imperial 
crown proper. Mantling — Gules, doubled argent. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a Figure of Justice proper. Supporters — Two Irish wolf-hounds or. 
Motto—" Veritas vincet." 

[Granted by Ulster King of Arms, 7th June 191 2.] 

INCORPORATED TRADES. Refer to Aberdeen and S.tornoway, and for the 
Trade Companies of Chester, Durham, Edinburgh, Exeter, and London, refer 
to the several trades. 

INDIA. Strange as it may appear, no arms have ever been assigned by warrant or 
otherwise to the Empire of India as a whole, or to any of the subdivisions. At 
the coronation of King George V. a banner, " argent, on a cross gules the Star 
of India, surmounted by a Royal Crown," was carried for India, but this was 
neither granted nor assigned but merely "approved" by His Majesty. The 
Viceroy of India in India uses the Union Jack charged with the device of the 
Star of India and Crown as above described. 

INDIA, or THE INDIES. Azure, a lion rampant argent, holding a cross or. 

[These arms were borne for India by the Empress Maria Theresa, Queen 
of Hungary.] 

INDIES, The. Refer to Scotland, Company of, trading to Africa and the Indies, 
and refer to East India and West Indies. 

INNERLEITHEN (Peebles). Has no arms. Those upon the seal are : Quarterly, 
per fesse embattled gules, or, argent, and azure, over all a representation of the 
legend in which St Ronan is reputed to have "cleekit the deil by the hint hoof" 
with his episcopal crook. Crest — St Ronan in a boat bearing his crosier and a 
lantern, and on an escrol above "St Ronan." Supporters — (Dexter) a fox, 
(sinister) a hare, each bearing a banner, the two banners bearing the words, 
" Live and let live." Motto — " Watch and pray." 
[Quite bogus.] 

INNER TEMPLE (London). Azure, a pegasus saliant or. 
[Of no authority.] 

INNHOLDERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 21st 
December 15 14.) Azure, a chevron per pale and per chevron gules and argent, 
counterchanged, between three garbs or, on a chief argent, two batons crossed 
at each end sable in saltire, the dexter surmounted by the sinister, commonly 
called St Julian's cross. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an estoile of sixteen 
points or issuing from clouds in base proper. Supporters — Two horses re- 
gardant argent. Motto — " Hinc spes affulget " (ancient motto, "Come ye 
blessed ! when I was harbourless, ye lodged Me "). 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

382 





INNER TEMPLE 



INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY OF IRELAND 




INNHOLDERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

INNS OF COURT AND CHANCERY. Refer to Barnards, Chester or Strand, 
Clement's, Clifford's, Cursitor's, Furnival's, Gray's, Kidderminster or Six Clerks' 
Office, Lincoln's, Lion's, New or Our Lady's, Serjeant's, Stafford's, Staple's, 
Inner Temple, Middle Temple, Thavies. 

Of the foregoing only Lincoln's Inn, Gray's Inn, and the Inner and Middle 
Temples remain in existence. 

INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS. Refer to Accountants. 

INSTITUTION. Refer to Royal Institution. 

INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS. Refer to Engineers. 

INVERARAY (Argyllshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents an escutcheon charged with five fishes in divers and most 
miscellaneous positions. The motto upon the seal is, " Semper tibi pendeat 
halec." 

To have blazoned the arms as shown upon the escutcheon appearing on 
the seal correctly would have appeared almost impossible, but the attempt has 
'been made by some one, with the following most remarkable result: — "The 
field of the coat, the sea proper, a net argent suspended from the dexter chief 
point and the sinister fesse points to the base, in chief two and in base three 
herrings entangled in the net. 

INVERBERVIE. See Bervie. 

INVERGORDON (Ross and Cromarty). Has no arms, and its seal, which is not 
heraldic, shows a seated figure of Neptune. 

INVERKEITHING (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
It has several seals, but the one which seems to do duty represents upon waves 
of the sea an ancient one-masted vessel, the sail furled, and within the legend, 
" S' commune Burgi de Invirkethyn." 

4 

INVERNESS-SHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council displays upon a trefoil a stag's head and a bull's head, both erased, and 
a lymphad. Motto — " Air son math na siorrachd." Legend — " Seal of the 
County Council of Inverness-shire." 

INVERNESS, Borough of (Inverness-shire). Gules, our Lord upon the cross 
proper. Mantling — Gules, doubled or. Crest. — Upon a wreath of the proper 
liveries, a cornucopia proper and in an escroll over the same this Motto — 
" Concordia et fidelitas." Sxtpporters — (Dexter) a dromedary, (sinister) an 
elephant, both proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, gth February 1900.] 



384 




INVERARAY 




INVERNESS 



2B 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

INVERURIE (Aberdeenshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
In reply to an inquiry upon the matter the editor received the following letter : — 
" I was favoured with your letter as to the Armorial Bearings of the Burgh 
of Inverurie. I have to explain that the Arms of the Burgh were never 
matriculated, and that my Town Council do not think it advisable to have them 
published as if they were." [H'm, would they have been? — Ed.] They are, 
" Or, on a saltire gules, a crown, on a chief azure, two towers argent." Motto — 
" Urbs in rure." 

IPSWICH, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

IPSWICH (Suffolk). Party per pale gules and azure, on the dexter side, a lion 
rampant guardant or, and on the sinister three demi-hulks of ships of the same 
conjoined to the impalement line. Crest— A demi-lion rampant or, holding in 
the paws a ship of three masts, the sails all furled proper. Supporters — On 
either side a sea-horse proper, finned and maned or. 

[Arms confirmed and crest and supporters granted by Wm. Harvey, 
Clarenceux, 29th August 1561. Grant printed " Misc. Gen. et Her.," Qs. ii. 343.] 



386 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

IRELAND. Azure, a harp or, stringed argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours 
(or and azure) a tower triple-towered or, from the portal a hart springing argent, 
attired and unguled, also or. (Refer to Great Britain and Ireland.) 

At the present time the crest is universally quoted with the hart "spring- 
ing," and it was so blazoned in the Royal Warrant of King George III. The 
earliest record in the College of Arms, however, distinctly shows the hart 
" lodged," and it is interesting to trace through the different drawings how, 
through " indifferent drawing," the position of the animal has been altered. The 
following is taken intact from Burke's " General Armory " : — 

" Ireland, Kingdom of — Az. a harp or, stringed ar. The ancient arms of 
the kingdom after the invasion of 1 172 were, ' Az. three crowns or.' [These are 
now the arms of the Province of Munster. — Ed.] This was the coat of St 
Edmund, and it is possible the Anglo-Norman invaders, who were arrayed 
under the banners of St George and St Edmund, introduced the bearings of the 
latter saint as the ensigns of their new conquest. When Richard II. created 
Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, Duke of Ireland, he gave him as a coat of 
augmentation the arms of Ireland, viz., ' Az. three crowns or.' Henry VIII. 
relinquished the old arms for the ' harp ' when he declared himself King 01 
Ireland, from an apprehension, it is said, that the three crowns might be taken 
for the triple tiara of the Pope. Since James I. introduced the arms of Ireland 
among the quarterings of the Royal achievement, the bearing has been ' Az. a 
harp or, stringed an' From a MS. in the handwriting of Sir William Le Neve, 
Clarenceux, it appears, on the authority of Sir William Segar, Garter, that 
'Ye three crowns are ye antientarms of Ireland, the harp but an ancient badge,' 
and 'In ye tyme of Edward ye IVth a commission being to enquire the arms 
of Ireland, it was returned yt ye 3 crownes were the armes.' The same bearing 
appears on the reverse of ancient Irish coins. Another ancient coat, as recorded 
in Ulster's Office, is, Sa. a king sitting on his throne cross-legged, holding in his 
right hand a lily or. Crest — A tower triple-towered or, from the portal a hart 
springing ar. attired and hoofed gold. The badge, as settled at the Union with 
Great Britain, is the harp ensigned with the Imperial crown. A MS. in the 
British Museum, Add. MSS. 4814, f. 8, exhibits a banner on either side of the 
shield, viz., dexter, sa. a king enthroned in his chair of state with a sceptre in his 
right hand and his left leaning on a cushion all ar. ; sinister, gu. a house triple- 
chimneyed, smoke issuant or, a stag in the port of the first, and a tree on the 
dexter side of the second." 

For the following two paragraphs I am indebted to a small pamphlet pub- 
lished by Mr John Vinycomb: — 

" At the accession of King James I. to the English throne, when the change 
in the Royal Arms was made, Sir William Segar relates that the Earl of 
Northampton, then Deputy Earl Marshal, observed that ' he had no affection 
for the change ; that for the adoption of the harp the best reason he could assign 
was that it resembled Ireland in being such an instrument that it required more 
cost to keep it in tune than it was worth.' 

"Sir Arthur Chichester was re-appointed to the government of Ireland as 

388 




IRELAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

Lord Deputy, July 1613 ; it is stated that it was at his instigation the Harp of 
Ireland was first marshalled with the arms of the sister kingdoms upon the Irish 
currency, and in one form or another it has ever since continued to be impressed 
upon the coin of the realm. Some of the copper coins of Henry VIII. and Queen 
Elizabeth have, it is said, the three harps for Ireland upon the shield, as if un- 
determined whether to follow the triple or single representation of the device. 
A curious old seal of the port of Carrickfergus, dated 1605, has upon the shield 
three harps of the Brian Boru type." 

A great deal of fuss has been made lately about " the uncrowned harp " of 
Irish notoriety, which is credited with some subtle connection with the " un- 
crowned king," or at any rate with that suppositious and clamoured-for state ol 
things in Ireland which is the "odds" of His Majesty and his executive. The 
ordinary harp of Ireland, as a moment's glance at a florin or half-crown will 
show, is not crowned ; the crown being simply added when the harp does duty 
off the shield as a "badge," as is or should be the case with all the national 
badges, save in the case of the dragon of Wales — Wales being only a Princi- 
pality. The mistake probably occurs because the harp does duty both as a 
charge upon the escutcheon and as a badge. The " uncrowned harp upon a 
green flag " (which seems to have been made the subject of diplomatic (.■') 
inquiries in the House of Commons, in other words, " Vert, an Irish 
harp or, stringed argent," is simply the perfectly legitimate, authentic, and 
well-known coat-of-arms of the Province of Leinster. So that the so-called 
Irish Republican party must invent a design very original and different if they 
want anything distinctive from the authorised emblems. Even the shamrock 
(under the name of the trefoil) is ranked among the " legitimist" and legitimate 
signs. Might I suggest as something widely distinct from the Irish regulation 
symbols, and yet appropriate, the following : Sable, two bones in saltire, sur- 
mounted by a morthead argent .■" 

IRELAND. Refer to Lord-Lieutenant, Hereditary Lord Great Seneschal and 
Hereditary Marshal, Commissioners of Revenue, and Farmers of Excise; also 
" Office of Jests, Revells and Masques " ; also Surgeons, and to Physicians ; 
also Universities and Incorporated Law Society. 

IRELAND, Royal University of. Refer to University of Ireland. 

IRELAND, National University of. Refer to University of Ireland. 

IRISH ACADEMY, Royal, Refer to Academy. 

IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE (London). Sable, a buck's head caboshed 
and in chief two hawks' bells argent, on a chief rayonne or, the astronomical 
symbol of Mars of the first. Crest — A miner's pick and gad in saltire sable. 
Motto — " Faber fabrum adjuvet." 

[Granted, College of Arms, March 3, 1908.] 

390 







IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

IRONMONGERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 20th 
March 1463.) Argent, on a chevron gules between three steel gads azure, three 
swivels or (the centre one palewise, the others chevronwise). Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, two scaly lizards erect on their hind feet combatant proper 
{i.e. vert), each gorged with a plain collar or, the collars chained together, a chain 
with a ring at the end pendant between the two lizards of the last. Supporters — 
Two lizards proper as in the crest. Motto — " God is our strength " (anciently 
" Assher Dure "). 

[Granted 1st September 1455 (Grant printed "Herald and Genealogist," 
i. 39); confirmed 1530. Arms and crest regranted with supporters by William 
Hervey, Clarenceux, 28th May 1560, and Hervey's grant confirmed, approved, 
and entered by Henry St George at the Visitation of London, 1634.] 

IRVINE (Ayrshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal at 
present in use, which is of exquisite workmanship, appears to be an amalgamation 
of the designs upon three older seals, and represents as resting upon a mount an 
escutcheon charged with the Royal Crest of Scotland. Upon the dexter side of 
the escutcheon seated under a canopy is the Holy Virgin and Child, and on the 
sinister side a lion sejant guardant erect, royally crowned and holding between 
its forepaws a tree eradicated proper ; and upon an escroll above the escutcheon 
the Motto, " Tandem bona causa triumphat." The Legend is " Sigillo commune 
Burgi de Irvine." 

ISLANDS, CHANNEL. See Channel Islands. 

ISLE OF MAN. Gules, three legs in armour flexed at the knee and conjoined at 
the thigh, all proper, garnished and spurred or. Recorded in the College of 
Arms. In a collection of crests by Le Neve a crest is assigned to this coat, 
namely, two arms embowed in armour argent, holding in the hands a gem-ring 
or, stoned sable, but this is hardly of authority, and I believe is never made use 
of Motto — " Stabit quocunque jeceris." The Isle of Man " Kneels to England, 
kicks at Scotland, and spurns Ireland." 

ISLE OF WIGHT. Has no armorial bearings. 

ISLES, See of the (Scotland). Azure, the figure of St Columba in a boat at sea, 
on his sinister hand a dove, in dexter chief a blazing star all proper. 

[These arms were never matriculated in Lyon Register as the arms of the 
Episcopal see, but in allusion thereto they were matriculated in 1874 in the first 
and fourth quarters of the arms of the College of the Holy Spirit at Cumbrae.] 

ISLES. Refer to Argyll and the Isles Bishop of 



392 




IRONMONGERS, COMPANY OF 




ISLE OF MAN 



ISLES, SEE OF THE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ISLINGTON, Borough of (London). Per fesse gules and argent, a cross counter- 
changed between a cross potent or in the first quarter, a Hon rampant argent in 
the second quarter, an eagle displayed in the third, and a water-bouget in the 
fourth, both sable. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a water- 
bouget sable, a long bow stringed fessewise and an arrow erect proper. Motto — 
" Deus per omnia." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 2nd May 1901.] 

ISLINGTON, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

ISTRIA. Azure, a goat passant or, armed gules. 

ITALY, Kingdom of. Gules, a cross argent. Supporters — Two lions rampant 
regardant proper. Pavilion — Gules, lined ermine, fringed gold, surmounted by 
a banner tierced in pale vert, argent, and gules. 

IVES. See St Ives. 



394 




ISLINGTON 




ITALY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

JAEN, Province of (Andalusia, Spain). Quarterly or and gules, within a bordure 
compony of Leon and Castile. 

JAMAICA. Argent, on a cross gules five pines or. C^-est — On a log an alligator. 
Supporters — (Dexter) a female Indian wearing an apron of feathers, a single 
feather bound to her forehead, in her exterior hand a basket of fruit and flowers ; 
(sinister) an Indian warrior wearing an apron and crown of feathers, in his ex- 
terior hand a bow stringed. Motto — " Indus uterque serviet uni." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. Granted by Warrant, 3rd February 
1661.] 

These arms, unlike other colonial arms, are always represented with a royal 
helmet and a mantling. See an article in the Genealogical Magazine, September 
and October 1899, pp. 200 and 241. 

JAMAICA, See of. Gules, a crozier and a key in saltire surmounted by an open 
book or in the fesse point, in chief a lion passant guardant or, and in base a 
pine apple proper. 

[Gts., XXXV. 248. College of Arms.] 

JAMAICA, Churchwardens of St James, in. Argent, a palmer's staff erect, 
depending from its rest by a leathern thong, a gourd both proper, on a bordure 
gules five pine apples or. 

\Vide Local Act, 7 Vict., cap. 39, cited (p. 4) in Roby's " History of the 
Parish of St James in Jamaica," 1849.] 



396 





JAEN 



JAMAICA, SEE OF 




JAMAICA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

JAPAN. Device or " Mon," A chrysanthemum or, the petals fimbriated argent. 

The national flag, of which much use is made as a national device, is white, 
charged with a red rising sun. 

JAPAN, See of. Argent, a cross gules, on a chief barry wavy of the first and azure, 
the sun rising or. 

[Of no authority. This See is now divided into the four dioceses of Kynshu 
or South Japan, Osaka, South Tokyo, and Hokkaido, to which refer.] 

JARROW, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

JARROW-ON-TYNE (Durham). Has no armorial bearings. 

JEDBURGH (Roxburghshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows : — 
"The Royall Burgh of Jedburgh gives for Ensigncs Arnioriall Gules on a horse 
saliant argent furnished azure, a chevalier armed at all points, grasping in his 
right hand a kynde of launce (called the Jedburgh staff) proper. The Motto 
in ane escroU, ' Strenue et prospere.' " 

JERSEY. Refer to Channel Islands. 

JERSEY. Refer to New Jersey. 

JERSEY, Dean of. Argent, three bends gules. 
[Of no authority.] 



398 




JAPAN 




JAPAN, SEE OF 





JERSEY, DEAN OF 



JEDBURGH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
JERUSALEM. Argent, a cross potent between four cross crosslets or. 

JERUSALEM, St John of. Refer to St John. 

JERUSALEM, See of. Argent, a Hebrew inscription meaning "Oh, pray for the 
peace of Jerusalem," between two estoiies in chief and a dove with its olive branch 
in base, all proper, on a chief per pale gules and argent in the first a lion passant 
guardant or, in the second an eagle displayed sable. 

[The chief is now of gules only bearing the lion, and the eagle is omitted.] 
[Neither version is of any authority.] 

JESTS, REVELLS and MASQUES of our Lord the King- in Ireland, Office of. 

Refer to Office of Jests, etc. 

JESUS' COLLEGE, Oxford. (Founded by Queen Elizabeth, 1571.) Azure, three 
stags trippant argent, being the arms of Hugh Price, Doctor of Laws, who 
contributed largely to the building. According to the University Calendar 
the arms in use are " Vert three stags trippant or," which are the arms of 
Greene or Robinson. 
[Of no authority.] 

JESUS' COLLEGE, Cambridge. (Founded in 1497 by John Alcock, Chancellor 
of England.) Argent, a fesse 'oetween three cocks' heads erased sable, 
crested and jelloped gules, all within a bordure of the third, charged with 
eight ducal coronets of the fourth. Crest — On a ducal coronet or, a cock 
sable crested and jelloped gules. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. These were originally the arms of 
Alcock.] 



400 





JERUSALEM 




JESUS' COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 







JERUSALEM, SEE OF 




JESUS' COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



2 C 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

JOHANNESBURG (Transvaal, S. Africa). Vert, a fesse between three gold- 
stamps or. 

[Granted, College of Arms.] 

JOHNSTONE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows a cross between i, a 
spinning-wheel ; 2, a pair of scales; 3, a beam-engine; 4, a bee-hive. Crest — A 
lion rampant. Motto — " Gang forward." 
[Bogus.] 

JOINERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 14th April 1570.) 
Gules, a chevron argent between two pairs of compasses in chief extended at 
the points, and a sphere in base or: on a chief of the last a pale azure between 
two roses gules, seeded of the third, barbed vert, on the pale an escallop of the 
second. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi-savage proper, wreathed 
about the head and waist with leaves vert, holding in his dexter hand over his 
shoulder a tilting-spear or, headed argent. Supporters — Two naked boys proper, 
the dexter holding in his hand an emblematical female figure crowned with a 
mural coronet sable, the sinister holding in his hand a square. Motto — " Join 
Loyalty and Liberty." (Another Motto—'' Join truth with trust.") 
[Of no authority.] 

JOINERS (Durham). Refer to Carpenters. 

JOINERS' COMPANY (Metz). Gules, on a chevron argent, a torteau. 

JOINERS' COMPANY (Peronne). Argent, a saltire paly of six sable and or. 

JOINERS' COMPANY (Amiens). Argent, two pales indented sable. 

JULIERS. Or, a lion rampant sable, crowned of the field. 

JUSTICE-GENERAL OF ARGYLLSHIRE. Refer to Argyll, Duke of 



402 




JOHANNESBURG 




■. \ 



JOINEI?S, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KARLSRUE. Refer to Carlsruhe. 

KAZAN. Refer to Russia. 

KAZAN (Russia). Argent, a wyvern sable, crowned or, winged, armed, and 
vomiting flames of fire gules. 

KEBLE COLLEGE (Oxford). Has no arm.s. Those in use are argent, a 
chevron engrailed gules on a chief azure, three mullets pierced or. 
[Of no authority.] 

KEELING ISLANDS (otherwise Cocos Islands). Refer to Straits Settlements. 

KEEWATIN, See of. Has no arms. 

KEIGHLEY (Yorkshire). Argent, on a fesse sable, between three stags' heads 
caboshed a fountain proper, all within a bordure embattled azure. And for the 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a dragon's head erased gules, 
entwined by a serpent or, a fountain proper. Motto — " By Worth." 
Granted 7th February 1883. 

Burke's " General Armory " adds a description of the arms as follows : — 
" The Crest (a red dragon) was that of the ancient family of De Kighley, 
for many generations Lords of the Manor, whose last representative (a female) 
married the then head of the house of Cavendish in the time of Queen 
Elizabeth, and thereby carried the Keighley estate into that noble house, of 
which the Duke of Devonshire is the head. His Grace still retains the estate, 
which has belonged to his family for nearly 700 years. The serpent twined 
round the head of the dragon is the Cavendish Crest. The circle with the wavy 
blue lines at the bottom of the Crest, and also repeated in the shield, is the 
heraldic emblem of water technically called a fountain, and refers to the situa- 
tion of Keighley in a well-watered valley, the streams of which have greatly 
tended towards the progress of the town, being of great value for manufacturing 
purposes. This idea is also borne out by the motto ' By Worth,' that being the 
name of the principal stream on the banks of which Keighley is situate. The 
shield is a combination of the Keighley and Cavendish arms. The silver shield 
and black bar being those of the former family, while the three stags' heads are 
the cognizance of the Cavendishes. The blue embattled border surrounding the 
shield shows that the arms are those of an ancient town, which is the case, 
Keighley having obtained its original market charter in the reign of Edward I." 

KEITH (Banffshire). Has no arms, and its seal is not heraldic. 



404 





KEBLE COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



KAZAN 




L [C 



KEIGHLEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KELLIE, Earldom of. Gules, the Royal Crown of Scotland, within a double 
treasure, flory and counterflory or. 

[This is a coat of augmentation for the Earldom of Kellie, matriculated in 
Lyon Register and borne surmounted by an Earl's coronet in the centre of their 
arms by the Earls of Mar and Kellie.] 

KELLS (Co. Meath), anciently Kenlis. Has no armorial bearings registered in 
Ulster's Office. The seal represents a castle, and this does duty when required. 

KELSO (Co. Roxburgh). Has no arms. The seal shows the arms of Scotland 
pendent from a thistle with a bird on each side. 

KELVINSIDE ACADEMY (Glasgow). Has no armorial bearings. Uses a device 
of the head of Athene in profile. 

KENDAL (Westmoreland). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
presumably (?) a view of the town, the only inscription being 15KK76. A coat- 
of-arms has been sent to me, but it defies description. It is quarterly gules and 
azure in the first and fourth quarters three . . . and in the second and third 
three ... all or. Motto — " Pannus mihi panis." 

KENSINGTON, Royal Borough of (London). Quarterly gules and or, a 
celestial crown in chief and a fleur-de-lis in base of the last, in the dexter canton 
a mullet argent in the first quarter : a cross flory between four martlets sable 
in the second : a cross botonny gules between four roses of the last stalked and 
leaved proper in the third : a mitre of the second in the fourth : all within a 
bordure quarterly also or and sable. 

[Granted, College of Arms, 23rd May 1901.] 

KENSINGTON, Bishop of As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

KENT. Has no armorial bearings. Berry gives " Gules a horse saliant argent. 
It is, however, more usually depicted rampant. 

KERRY, County of Has no armorial bearings. 

KIDDERMINSTER. Has no armorial bearings. Those in regular use, which are 
given in Debrett's " House of Commons," are, Azure, on two chevronels or, 
between three bezants, eight pellets. Motto — " Deo juvante arte et industria 
floret." 

KIDDERMINSTER INN, or SIX CLERKS' OFFICE (London). Azure, 
two chevronels or, each charged with four gunstones proper, between three plates. 
[Of no authority.] 

KIDSGROVE (Staffordshire). Has no armorial bearings. A landscape showing 
three kids in a grove of trees has been placed upon an escutcheon and attributed 
to the town. 

406 





KENSINGTON, ROYAL BOROUGH OF 



KENT 




KIDDERMINSTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KIDWELLY (Carmarthenshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
upon an escutcheon a cat passant towards the sinister, with the legend, " The 
Common Seal of the Borough of Kidwelly." 

KIEFF (Russia). Azure, St (? Michael) vested proper, winged and his head 
within a nimbus or, his dexter hand holding a sword erect wavy and on his 
sinister arm a buckler, all proper. 

KIEL (Germany). Gules, an inescutcheon per fesse of the field and argent charged 
with a boat in base proper, surrounded by three passion nails in pairle points 
towards the centre and as many demi-nettle-leaves alternately argent. 
[Compare the arms of Holstein.] 

KILDARE, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

KILDARE, Town of (Co. Kildare). Has no armorial bearings. 

KILDARE, See of. Argent, a saltire engrailed gules, on a chief azure an open 
Bible proper garnished and clasped or, thereon the words in gold, " The Law 
was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ." 

[These arms are registered in Ulster's Office and in the College of Arms, 
but by the disestablishment of the Irish Church, legally they are now extinct.] 

KILDARE. Refer to Dublin, Glendalough, and Kildare, Archbishop of. 

KILFENORA, See of. Argent, a rose gules, on a chief sable, three mullets or. 

[These arms are registered in Ulster's Office, but by the disestablishment 
of the Irish Church they are now legally extinct.] 

KILFENORA. Refer to Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, and Kilmacduagh. 

KILKENNY, County of. Has no armorial bearings. 

KILKENNY, City of (Co. Kilkenny). Has no armorial bearings. But Burke in 
his " General Armory " quotes the following as a coat : — Argent, a castle of three 
towers, the centre one the tallest, and topped with a spire, on each of the others 
a man issuant, shooting an arrow from a bow, all proper, in base on a mount 
vert, a lion passant guardant gules. In a sheet of " Irish Arms " published by 
Messrs Marcus Ward & Co., Limited, a design somewhat similar is shown, but 
the editor has been unable to obtain any authentic drawing of the coat. 



408 




\v-^^ 




KIEFF 



KIEL 




KILDARE, SEE OF 



KILFENORA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KILLALA, See of. Gules, a crozier in pale or, suppressed by an open book proper 
garnished and clasped gold. 

[These arms are recorded in Ulster's Office, but through the disestablish- 
ment of the Irish Church are now really extinct.] 

KILLALA. Refer to Tuam, Killala, and Achonry, Bishop of 

KILLALOE, See of Ancient Arms — Argent a cross azure between four trefoils 
slipped vert, on a chief of the second a key in pale or. Modern Arms — Argent 
a cross gules between twelve trefoils slipped vert, on a chief azure a key in 
pale or. 

[These last-mentioned arms are recorded in Ulster's Office and the modern 
coat remains in use, but through the disestablishment of the Irish Church are 
really extinct, and the present use is illegal.] 

KILLALOE, KILFENORA, CLONFERT, AND KILMACDUAGH, Bishop of. 

According to Crockford only the arms of Killaloe are made use of, but Wood- 
ward gives per fesse in chief Killaloe and in base Clonfert. 

KILMACDUAGH. Refer to Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, and Kilmacduagh, 
Bishop of 

KILMARNOCK (Ayrshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
Those in use at the present time are as follows : — Azure, a fesse chequy gules 
and argent. Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, a dexter hand erect and 
apaumee, couped at the wrist, the third and fourth fingers folded down proper. 
Supporters — On either side a squirrel proper. Mottoes over the crest, " Confido," 
and under the arms, " Virtute et industria." 



410 





KILLALA, SEE OF 



KILLALOE, SEE OF 




KILMARNOCK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KILMORE, See of. Ancient Arms — Argent on a cross sable (Woodward gives 
azure) a pastoral staff surmounted of a mitre sans labels or. Modern Arms — 
Argent a cross gules, in each quarter five trefoils in saltire slipped vert. 

[These latter arms are recorded in Ulster's Office and the modern coat 
remains in use, but through the disestablishment of the Irish Church, it is really 
extinct, and its present use is illegal.] 

KILMORE, ELPHIN, AND ARDAGH, Bishop of. According to Crockford 
only the modern arms of the See of Kilmore are made use of, but Woodward 
states that they are usually combined thus, per fess, in chief Kilmore, in base 
Elphin impaling Ardagh. 

KILRENNY (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Burke 
in his "General Armory," however, quotes the following : — " Az. an open boat 
in the sea rowed by four mariners on each side, the pilot at the helm, a hook 
suspended [by a chain — Ed.] from the side of the boat near the stern, the 
rays of the sun issuing from a cloud in chief all ppr." Motto — " Semper tibi 
pendeat [sic, but the seal has it " pendiat " — Ed.] hamus." The foregoing is 
a good description of the seal, where the motto with the addition of the word 
"Kilrenny " takes the place of any other legend. 

KILS.YTH. Has no arms, but has a fearful and wonderful seal divided into 
quarters : i an open book, 2 two claymores in saltire, points downwards, 3 two 
weavers' shuttles in saltire, 4 a pit head, over all an inescutcheon, per pale dexter 
three gilly-flowers, sinister three crescents within a double tressure. 
[Bogus.] 

KILWINNING (Ayrshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents under a Gothic canopy a figure of St Winning (a Scottish saint 
of the eighth century), holding in his dexter hand a crozier, and in his sinister 
a closed book. Legend, " Burgh of Kilwinning. Sine Te Domine cuncta nil." 

KINCARDINESHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

KING AND QUEEN'S COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS. Refer to Physicians. 

KINGHORN (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
which has been forwarded to me represents a triple-towered castle, each tower 
domed and the centre tower ensigned with a cross pattee, and on either side 
of the castle a mullet of five points. The editor thinks there may be some 
connection between this seal and the arms of Kirkcaldy (to which refer). The 
Catalogue of the Heraldic E.vhibition in Edinburgh mentions three seals, two 
as described above, and another representing a full-length figure of St Leonard. 

KING EDWARD'S SCHOOL (Birmingham). Uses the arms of King Edward 
VI., viz., Quarterly: i and 4 France, 2 and 3 England. Motto — "Domine 
salvum fac regem." 

412 




KILMORE, SEE OF 




KILKENNY 



KING EDWARD'S SCHOOL (BIRMINGHAM) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KING'S COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1441. by Henry VI.) Sable, three 
roses argent barbed vert, seeded or, on a chief per pale azure and gules a fleur- 
de-lis on the dexter or, and a lion passant guardant on the sinister of the last. 

[These arms were granted by King Henry VI. by Letters Patent under the 
Great Seal, 1441. See " Excerpta Historica," p. 362. Recorded, College of 
Arms.] 

KING'S COUNTY. Has no armorial bearings. 

KING'S HALL (Cambridge). Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or 
within a bordure engrailed ermine. 
[Of no authority.] 

KING'S LYNN or LYNN REGIS (Norfolk). Azure, three dragons' heads 
erased and erect or, in the mouth of each a cross crosslet fitchee also erect 
of the last. These are quoted by Burke, and are usually drawn as conger eels' 
heads, but they should be dragons according to the record in Visitation Books 
at the College of Arms. A crest is made use of, namely, a pelican vulning 
herself, but this is of no authority. 

The dragons' heads from which issue the crosses are said to typify St 
Margaret, the patron saint of the town. The old legend respecting this saint 
may or may not be familiar. In her early youth being converted into the 
modes of thought and habit then current under the guise of Christianity, she 
was compelled to fly from her home. She became a shepherdess in far-off 
lands, when the wicked lord of the country being enamoured of her beauty 
sought, against the lady's wish, to obtain possession of her. St Margaret being 
obstreperous, was cast into the inevitable dungeon, in which she had the 
company, more or less inviting, of the equally inevitable dragon. Being greatly 
terrified, she became an easy prey to the beast, who seems to have been in the 
habit of bolting its food, for St Margaret only recovered her wits in her new 
quarters inside the dragon. She commenced to pray, making the sign of the 
cross, when immediately the creature burst open and St Margaret was, 
according to history, little the worse for her adventure. 

KINGS OF ARMS. Refer to Garter, Lyon, Ulster, Clarenceux, Norroy, Bath. 

KING'S SCHOOL (Canterbury). Azure, on a cross argent the letter "X" 
surmounted by the letter " I." 
[Of no authority.] 



414 





KING'S COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 



KING'S HALL (CAMBRIDGE) 




 


• 

I 

X 


 



KING'S SCHOOL (CANTERBURY) 



KING'S LYNN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KING'S SCHOOL (Chester). Uses the arms of King Henry VHI., the founder, 
viz., France and England quarterly. Motto — "Rex dedit benedicat Deus." 
[Of no authority.] 

KING'S REMEMBRANCER OF THE EXCHEQUER. Refer to Remem- 
brancer. 

KINGSTON (Co. Dublin). Has no armorial bearings. 

KINGSTON, City of (Jamaica). Argent, a chevron embattled azure between two 
pine-apples in chief, and on a mount a coffee-tree in base proper, on a chief wavy 
gules a lion passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi 
South American Indian, the dexter arm embracing a cornucopia inverted, in the 
sinister hand a bundle of sugar-canes all proper, and on an escroU over the crest 
the words " Regis opus." Supporters — (Dexter) a lion rampant guardant or, 
murally crowned azure, charged on the breast with a conch proper ; (sinister) 
Neptune, his mantle of a marine green, edged argent, on his head an Eastern 
crown or, his breast charged with a conch as on the dexter, his trident erect 
proper resting on the exterior arm. Motto — " Natura monstrat perficit industria." 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

KINGSTON-ON-THAMES (Surrey). Azure, three salmon naiant in pale proper. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. 

The seal shows this escutcheon, but in base the letter R (? for Regis or 
Royal), and it so appears upon the seal of the County Council of Surrey. 
Burke's "General Armory," quotes the salmon as haurient, and mentions a 
seal representing a tun, and over it a Saxon K, the whole encircled b\- two 
olive branches. 

KINGSTON-ON-THAMES, Bishop of As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

KINGSTON-UPON-HULL. See Hull. 

KINGUSSIE (Inverness-shire). Has no arms. The seal shows a crest on a 
wreath, a pine-tree supported by two wild cats rampant guardant, (above) 
" Cinn a' Ghudibhsaich." Motto — " Lean gu dluth ri cliu do shinnsear." 



416 





KING'S SCHOOL (CHESTER) 



KINGSTON-ON-THAMES 




KINGSTON, CITY OF (JAMAICA) 



?P 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KINNINGPARK (Co. Renfrew). Has no arms. Those upon the seal are A 
beehive. Crest — A terrestrial globe. Motto — " Industry." 
[Of no authority.] 

KINROSS, County of Has no armorial bearings. 

KINROSS. Has no arms. The seal shows on an escutcheon a representation of 
the old Market Cross. Motto — "Siccar." 

KINSALE (Co. Cork). Chequy argent and sable. These arms are not registered 
in Ulster's Office but appear upon a seal of the Corporation which has the 
legend, " The Armes of the Corporation of Kinsale." A tree, and a bird 
perched on a dexter branch thereof, appears to be growing from the top of the 
escutcheon. This may perhaps be intended for a Crest; but in another seal 
it simply appears as a foliated ornament. 

KINTORE (Aberdeenshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal, which is a pointed oval, shows a design of a botanical character. Legend, 
"S' commune de Kintor." 

KIRKCALDY (Fifeshire). "The entry in Lyon Register is as follows :—" The 
Royall Burgh of Kirkaldie gives for ensignes armoriall azur ane Abbay of three 
Pyramids argent each ensigned with a cross patee or. And on the reverse of 
the Seall is Insculped in a field azur the figure of St Bryse with long garments, 
on his head a mytre, in the dexter a flower-delis. The sinister laid upon his 
brest all proper. Standing in y'= porch of the church or Abbay. Ensigned on 
the top as before all betwixt a descrescent & a star in fess or. The motto is 
Vigilando munio. And round the Escutcheon of both sydes these words, 
Sigillum Civitatis Kirkaldie." 

KIRKCUDBRIGHT, County of Has no armorial bearings. 

KIRKCUDBRIGHT (County of Kirkcudbright). Has not matriculated any 
armorial bearings. The seal at present in use represents a three-masted ship 
with sails furled. But a copy of a more ancient one, which represents upon an 
escutcheon an antique one-masted ship, and seated therein the Virgin and Child, 
apparently does duty for armorial insignia, being embossed upon the Town 
Clerk's notepaper. 

KIRKINTILLOCH (Dumbartonshire). Has no armorial bearings, and its seal is 
not heraldic. 

KIRKWALL (Orkney). Party per fesse wavy or and azure, an ancient three- 
masted ship of the first, sails furled, masts and rigging proper, flags and pennons 
gules, each having a canton of the second charged with a St Andrew's Cross 
argent. In an escroU below the shield is placed this motto, " Si Deus nobiscum." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, nth November 1886.] 

418 





KINSALE (CO. CORK) 



KINNINGPARK 




KIRKCALDY 




KIRKWALL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KIRRIEMUIR (Co. Forfar). Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows the arms 
of Douglas, viz., Argent, a human heart imperially crowned proper, on a chief 
azure, three mullets argent. Motto — " Jamais arriere." 
[Of no authority.] 

KISCHINEFF (Russia). Azure, a bull's head caboshed or, armed and langued 
gules, in chief a mullet of five points or, in dexter base a rose and in sinister base 
an increscent, both argent, a bordure compony alternately or, sable, and argent. 

KLAGENFURT (Austria). Azure, on a mount in base a tower argent, and in 
front thereof a dragon volant fesseways vert. 

KNARESBOROUGH, Bishop of Asa Suffragan he has no official arms. 

KNARESBOROUGH (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents a castle in base, on an escroll four letters, namely ERQR, over the 
castle, on a wreath a dexter hand in armour, couped at the wrist, holding a 
branch of acorns, the date i6i i. 

KNITTERS' COMPANY. Refer to Framework Knitters. 

KONIGSBERG (Prussia). Three escutcheons arranged two and one (i) per fesse 
argent and gules, in chief an open crown and in base a Maltese cross or, (2) 
azure, an open crown between two mullets of six points in pale or, (3) vert, 
issuing from clouds in base a dexter arm proper, habited azure, cuffed argent, 
holding in the hand also proper an open crown between two hunting-horns pale- 
ways or. 



420 





KISCHINEFF 



KIRRIEMUIR 




KLAGENFURT 




KONIGSBERG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
KOREA. The intertwined " mon " of good luck of red and blue. 
KRAKAU (Galicia, Austria). Refer to Cracow. 

KREFELD (Germany). Or, a bishop mitred proper, vested azure, holding in his 
dexter hand a crozier and in his sinister a mitre, at his feet an inescutcheon of 
the field charged with a fesse sable. 

KRONSTADT (Russia). Azure, an open crown or. 

KWANGSI AND HUNAN, See of Argent, a Passion cross or surmounted in 
base by an open book proper, on either side of the horizontal limbs of the cross 
some Oriental hierogylphics. 
[Of no authority.] 



422 





KOREA 



KRONSTADT 




KREFELD 




KWANGSI AND HUNAN, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

KYUSHU, See of. Argent, on a cross gules an open book proper, on a chief wavy 
azure a demi-sun in splendour. 
[Of no authority.] 

LABRADOR. No warrant assigning arms has ever been issued to Labrador. 

LABUAN. No official warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Labuan. 
The device published by the Admiralty is a landscape disc, thereon in the sea, 
a two-masted ship in full sail in front of a mountain from behind which the sun 
is rising. 

LABUAN. See Singapore, Labuan, and Sarawak, See of. 

LABUAN AND SARAWAK, See of. Per pale gules and sable a cross bottony 
fitchee or. 

[Of no authority.] 

LADYBANK. Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows an escutcheon per pale 
dexter, a nun holding a scroll, sinister an ecclesiastic, in his dexter hand a crozier 
and in his sinister a book. 
[Of no authority.] 

LAGOS. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Lagos. 

LAHORE, See of. Azure, on a fesse ermine, a passion cross in bend dexter sur- 
mounted by a crozier in bend sinister or, in chief rising from behind two snow 
mountains issuing from the fesse a sun in splendour and in base five barrulets 
wavy argent. 

[College of Arms. Gts., Ix. 96.] 



424 




KYUSHU, SEE OF 





LABUAN AND SARAWAK, SEE OF 



LAHORE, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LAMBETH, Borough of (London). Has no arms. The seal shows two 
escutcheons, the one of the Archiepiscopal See of Canterbury, the other the 
Duchy of Cornwall, below these a lamb passant on a mount and underneath the 
word " Hythe." 

LAMPETER (Cardiganshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
a bridge of three arches, with the legend, " Borough of Lampeter." 

LANARK, The Commissioners of Supply for the County of Parted per chevron 
gules and argent, two cinquefoils pierced in chief, and a man's heart in base 
counterchanged. Above the shield is placed an esquire's helmet with a mantling 
gules' doubled argent, and on a wreath of the proper liveries is set for Crest — 
A demi-eagle displayed with two heads sable, breaked gules, and in an escroU 
over the same this Motto, " Vigilantia." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 21st December 1886.] 

LANARK (Lanarkshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Those in 
in use are as follows : — Argent, an eagle with two heads displayed sable, beaked 
and membered gules, a bell azure pendent from the dexter leg by a string of 
the last, in chief two lions counter-passant of the third, and in base as many 
salmon naiant from the centre. 

LANCASHIRE (The County Council of the County Palatine of Lancaster). 
Gules, three piles, two issuant from the chief and one in base or, each charged 
with a rose of the field, barbed and seeded proper. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours a lion passant guardant proper, charged on the body with a masclc gules 
and resting the dexter fore-paw on an escocheon of the above said arms. Motto 
— " In concilio consilium." Supporters — On either side, a lion proper, gorged 
with a collar vair, pendant therefrom an escocheon of the following arms, viz., 
Gules, three piles, two issuant from the chief and one in base or, each charged 
with a rose gules barbed and seeded proper. 

[Arms and crest granted August 31, 1903, by Sir Albert Woods, G.C.V.O., 
K.C.M.G., Garter King of Arms, G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux King of Arms, and 
W. H., Weldon, C.V.O., Norroy King of Arms. The Supporters were granted by 
Sir Albert Woods, Garter, October 26th, following.] 



426 





LANARK 



LANARK, COMMISSIONERS OF SUPPLY FOR 
THE COUNTY OF 




LANCASHIRE, COUNTY COUNCIL OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LANCASTER, Borough of (Lancashire). Per fesse azure and gules in chief a fleur- 
de-lis and in base a lion passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours 
a lion passant guardant azure, seme-de-lis or. Supporters — On either side, a lion 
rampant guardant azure, seme-de-lis and gorged with a collar or, pendent there- 
from an escocheon argent, charged with a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper. 
Motto—" Luck to Loyne." 

[Arms re-confirmed and Crest and Supporters granted, July 19, 1907.] 

LANCASTER, Duchy of. Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or, a label 
of three points throughout argent. Recorded in the College of Arms. 

LANCASTER HERALD. Budge^A. rose gules, crowned with the Imperial crown. 

LANDAFF. See Llandaff. 

• 

LANGHOLM, Police Borough of (Dumfriesshire). According to the Edinburgh 
Eventing Dispatch of 26th October, 1893, has just adopted a seal. It would be 
difficult to add to the humour of the description, or render more patent the 
sublime ridiculousness and ignorance of its designer. The description there 
given is as follows : — 

" The above" (see illustration — Ed.) " is a representation of the Seal which 
has just been adopted by the Police Commissioners of the Burgh. The articles 
represented on the shield are, with the exception of the sheep or fleece at the 
bottom, identified with the annual festival of riding the marches at Langholme. 
On the top quarter is a thistle, in the centre of which is a crown, this crown 
being composed of flowers, and carried in procession at the Common Riding. 
On the side quarters are a heather bedecked spade (with which a sod or two is 
cut each year), and a barley-bannock " (O land of cakes ! ), " with a salt herring 
nailed across it, and with the letters B.B. on it. This is a representation of the 
fare with which the natives used to regale themselves, and such a bannock is 
carried in procession at the Common Riding. The sheep or fleece is represen- 
tative of the woollen trade, which is the staple trade of the town." 

That this design is placed upon an escutcheon (and herein lies its iniquity 
and absurdity), that the field is azure, and that the before-mentioned charges 
(save the mark ! ) are separated by a saltire argent, the eloquent description 
above quoted of course omits to state, probably through the lack of heraldic 
knowledge on the part of its writer. The legend is " The Commissioners of 
the Burgh of Langholme." Might the editor be permitted further to remark, 
that, for a coat-of-arms, this design " takes the cake " ? 

LARGS (Ayrshire). Has no arms and its seal is not intended to be heraldic. 
LASSWADE. Has no arms. The seal shows a tree and the motto " Floreat." 

LAUDER (Berwickshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal, which is of very crude workmanship, represents the Holy Virgin and Child, 
with the legend, " Insignia Burgi De Lauder." 

428 




LANCASTER, BOROUGH OF 




LANCASTER, DUCHY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LAUENBORG. Refer to Denmark. 

LAUNCESTON or DUNHEVED ("The Swelling Hill"), in the County of 
Cornwall. Gules, a triple circular tower in a pyramidical form or, all within a 
bordure azure charged with eight towers domed of the second. Crest — In a 
ducal coronet or, a lion's head gules, between two ostrich feathers argent. 
Badge — A keep or castle gold. 

[Arms and Crest granted 24th July 1573. Grant printed " IVIisc. Gen. et. 
Her," Os. iii. 128. Badge granted, College of Arms, March 26, 1907.] 

LAURENCEKIRK (Co. Kincardine). Has no arms. The seal, which is not 
heraldic, represents the Tower of Johnston. Motto — " In justice secure." 

LAW, College of Professors of Civil and Canon. Refer to Doctors' Commons. / 

LAW SCHOOL OF CAMBRIDGE. Refer to Cambridge University, Regius 
Professors. 

LAW SOCIETY. Refer to Attorneys, Solicitors and Proctors' Society ; and also 
to Incorporated Law Society of Ireland. 

LEAMINGTON (Warwickshire)," Borough of Royal Leamington Spa." Per fesse 
argent and or, a lion rampant double queued vert, a chevron vair, in chief three 
mullets gules, all within a bordure azure charged with eight fleurs-de-lis of the 
second. And for the crest. On a wreath of the colours in front of a staff raguly 
in bend argent surmounted by a staff in bend sinister or, entwined with a serpent 
proper, two sprigs of forget-me-nots in saltire slipped, also proper. Motto — 
" Sola bona quae honesta." 

[Granted 6th November 1876.] 

LEATHERSELLERS, The Worshipful Company of, London, "The Master 
and Wardens of the Company or Craft of Leathersellers of London." (Incor- 
porated 1444.), Argent, three roebucks passant regardant gules, attired and 
unguled sable. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi-roebuck gules, attired 
and unguled sable. Livery Colours — Argent and gules. Mantling — Gules, 
doubled ermine. Supporters — (Dexter) a roebuck or, attired and unguled 
sable, (sinister) a ram argent, armed and unguled or. Motto — " Soli Deo 
Honor et Gloria." (Another form, " Deo Honor et Gloria.") 

[Granted by Moore, Norroy, 20th May 1479. Misc. Gts., i. 50. Supporters 
to the aforesaid arms impaling qrly. i and 4, the arms of the Glovers' Company, 
q.v. ; 2 and 3, Sable, two goats respecting each other argent, attired or. Gtd. by 
Richmond, Clarenceux, 1505. Misc. Gts., i. 50/;, and iii. 10. Vincent, 169, 
p. 71, etc., but this form is never used. The arms as first given were re-exemplified 
in the College of Arms, 3rd April 1905.] 



430 





LEAMINGTON 



LAUNCESTON 




LEATHERSELLERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LEBOMBO, See of. Gules, two keys in saltire wards downwards argent, on a 
chief of the last, an anchor sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

LEEDS (Yorkshire). Azure, a fleece or, on a chief sable three mullets argent. 
Recorded in the visitation of the county of Yorkshire in 1662. A crest, An 
owl argent, and supporters. On either side an owl argent ducally crowned or, 
are regularly used, but are of no authority. Motto — " Pro Rege et Lege." 
Burke in his " General Armory " gives the tinctures azure, a fleece or, on a 
chief of the last three mullets of the field ; but the arms as given above, though 
bad heraldry, are correct. 

LEEDS GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Argent, three books conjoined and leaning 
against each other proper, on a chief azure a fleece or. 
[Of no authority.] 

LEEDS, University of Refer to University of Leeds. 

LEEWARD ISLANDS. Barry wavy of eight azure and argent, six escutcheons, 
two in chief, two in fesse conjoined, and two in base each charged with a 
coloured representation of one of the respective devices used on the public seals 
of the Presidencies of the Leeward Islands, viz., in chief Antigua and Dominica, 
in fesse St Christopher and Nevis, and in base Montserrat and Virgin Islands. 
Crest — Issuant from a coronet or, a pine-apple proper. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, loth April 1909.] 

LEGHORN. Refer to Livorno. 



4.32 





LEBOMBO, SEE OF 



LEEWARD ISLANDS 




LEEDS 



2E 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LEICESTERSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The arms of the town of 
Leicester are usually employed, but those of Lord Howe, the Lord-Lieutenant 
of the county, have on occasions done duty. The seal of the County Council 
simply shows a view of an embattled and ruined gateway within the legend 
" Sigillum comitatis Leicestriae Concillii." 

LEICESTER (Leicestershire). Gules, a cinquefoil pierced ermine. Crest — A 
wyvern sans legs ermine. " Motto — Semper eadem." Arms confirmed at the visita- 
tion of the county in 1619. 

Burke quarters the arms of England with it, and gives the crest as a dragon 
with wings displayed and tail nowed ermine. Berry, whilst leaving the crest a 
wyvern, blazons it "sans legs argent, strewed with wounds gules." 

LEICESTER, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

LEICESTER COLLEGE (Newark, Co. Nottingham). Gule.s, three lions 
passant guardant or, over all a label of three points throughout argent charged 
with nine fleurs-de-lis. 
[Of no authority.] 

LEIGH, Borough of (Lancashire). Quarterly gules and argent, a cross quarterly 
counterchanged between a spear-head of the last in the first quarter, a mullet 
sable in the second, a shuttle fessewise, the thread pendent of the last in the 
third, and a sparrow-hawk close proper in the fourth. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, the battlements of a tower proper, issuant therefrom a bear's paw 
gules, holding a javelin erect or. Motto — " ^quo pede propera." 

[Granted by Sir Albert Woods, Garter, G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux, and 
W. H. Weldon, Norroy, 23rd December 1899.] 

LEIGHLIN, refer to Ossory, Ferns, and Leighlin, and as to arms refer to Ferns. 

LEINSTER, Province of (Ireland). Vert, an Irish harp or, stringed argent. 
Recorded in Ulster's Office. 

LEIPZIG (Saxony). Party per pale, the dexter side or, a lion rampant sable (the 
arms of Margrave von Meissen), the sinister side or, two pallets azure (the family 
arms of Wettmer assumed by the district of Landsberg. Mantling — Azure and 
or. Crest — A conical hat striped in vertical bands of or and azure, and adorned in 
front with a plume of three ostrich feathers, the centre one azure, the exterior 
ones or, inserted behind the turned-up brim. 



434 





LEICESTER 



LEIGH 




LEINSTER 




LEIPZIG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LEITH (Edinburghshire). Argent, in a sea proper, an ancient galley with two 
masts, sails furled sable, flagged gules, seated therein the Virgin Mary with the 
Infant Saviour in her arms and a cloud resting over their heads, all also proper. 
In an escroll below the shield is placed this motto, " Persevere." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register the 27th day of February 1889.] 

LEITRIM, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

LEMBERG (Austria). Azure, an embattled gateway and from the battlements 
three towers argent, in the open gateway a lion rampant or. 

LEOMINSTER (Herefordshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are, 
" Or, a lion rampant gules, bearing in its sinister paw a horned lamb proper. 
[These arms appear on the silver mace but are of no official authority. ] 

LEON (Kingdom of). Argent, a lion rampant gules, crowned or. 

LERWICK, Burgh of Barony of (Shetland). Has Ensigns Armorial, namely, or, 
in a sea proper, a dragon ship vert under sail, oars in action, on a chief gules 
a battleaxe fesseways argent. Above the shield is placed a suitable helmet 
with a mantling gules doubled argent, and on a wreath of the proper liveries 
is set for Crest — A raven proper, and in an escroll over the same this Motto — 
" Dispecta est Thule." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 20th April 1882.] 

LESLIE (Fifeshire). Has no armorial bearings. Its shield shows a weird 
escutcheon divided per fesse and the chief per pale, containing {a) three garbs, 
(3) a mill, (r) a representation of one of the ancient entrances now disused of 
Leslie House. Crest — A demi-griffin. Mottoes — (Over crest) " grip fast " ; (under 
arms) " Industria vivimus." 

[Bogus, and nearly as bad as the old arms of Southend.] 

LEVANT, OR TURKEY MERCHANTS, COMPANY. (Incorporated by 
Queen Elizabeth, 1579.) Azure, on a sea in base proper, a ship with three masts 
in full sail or, between two rocks of the second, all the sails, pennants, and en- 
signs argent, each charged with a cross gules, a chief engrailed of the third, in 
base a seahorse proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi seahorse 
saliant. Supporters — Two seahorses. Motto — " Deo reip et amicis." 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

LEVEN (Fifeshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those upon the seal are argent, 
a saltire sable between a galley in chief, and in base a representation of the old 
Market Cross. 

[Of no authority.] 



436 




RP€RseveR©j 



LEITH 




LEMBERG 




LEOMINSTER 




LERWICK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LEWES (Sussex). Chequy argent and azure, on a sinister canton of the first, 
a lion rampant of the second, between eight cross crosslets sable. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

LEWISHAM, Borough of (London). Has no armorial bearings. 

LEYDEN (Holland). Argent, two keys in saltire wards outwards in chief gules. 

LEYS SCHOOL (Cambridge), The Governing Body of. Or, a cross gules, 
charged in the centre with a mullet of the field, on a chief ermine, an open 
book argent, embellished of the first, between two roses of the second, barbed 
and seeded proper. Crest — A wyvern proper resting the dexter claw on an 
antique lamp or, flaming gules. Motto — " In fide fiducia." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 31st March 1914.] 

LIBERIA. A landscape. 

LICHFIELD (Staffordshire). Or, a cross quarter-pierced ermine, between five 
chevrons gules. 

[Recorded in tiie College of Arms.] 



438 

















* 










*" 
































V, 










J 


^ 




k 


/ 


u 


w 




LEWES 



LEYDEN 





T...T 
'V'X 



V T 








LICHFIELD 



LEYS SCHOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LICHFIELD, See of. Per pale gules and argent, a cross potent quadrate in the 
centre per pale of the last and or, between four crosses pattee, those on the dexter 
argent, those on the sinister or. 

[Recorded in the College of Anns.] 

The foregoing are the correct arms of the see, but they are generally quoted 
and used as per pale gules and argent, a cross potent quadrate in the centre 
between four crosses pattee all coiinterchanged. 

LICHFIELD, Dean of The arms of the see with tlie letter D upon the cross. 
[Of no authority.] 

LIDD. See Lydd. 

LIECHTENSTEIN. Quarterly: i or, an eagle displayed sable, armed and 
crowned of the field, charged on the breast and wings with a prolonged 
crescent argent ; 2, barry of ten sable and or, a crown of rue in bend vert ; 3, per 
pale gules and argent; 4, argent, a jung-frauen-adler displayed sable, the face 
proper, crowned or ; 5 ('n point), azure, a bugle-horn stringed or, over all an 
inescocheon per fesse or and gules. 

LIEGE (Belgium). Gules, a column upon degrees supported on the backs of three 
lions ill perspective and between the letters " L " and " G" in fesse, all or. 



440 





LICHFIELD, DEAN OF 



LICHFIELD, SEE OF 




LIEGE 




LIECHTENSTEIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LIEGE, Bishopric of. Quarterly : .j gules, a column on four degrees {i.e. steps) 
argent, ducally crowned or (Liege), 2 gules, a fesse argent (Bouillon), 3 argent, 
three lions rampant vert (Franchimont), 4 or, four bars gules (Looz). 

LIEUTENANT, LORDS-. Refer to Lords-Lieutenant. 

LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANIES. Refer to Metropolitan Assurance Society 
Pearl Life Assurance Company, and Prudential Assurance Company. 

LIGHTERMEN'S COMPANY. Refer to Watermen and Lightermen. 

LILLE (FRANCE). Gules, a fleur-de-lis or. 

LIMERICK, City of (Co. Limerick). Has no armorial bearings registered in 
Ulster's Office. Burke, however, in his " General Armory," quotes the 
following: — "Quarterly ist and 4th gu. a castle, on each tower an obtuse spire 
with a weathercock, on an arch over the curtain wall a cross flory ar. ; 2nd and 
3rd gu. three lions of England or." The Town-Clerk writes that the arms 
of the city are correctly blazoned as the foregoing ; but both the seals of the 
city show simply a castle upon the escutcheon, which does not answer the 
above description. It would be well if some one would get the arms recorded 
and confirmed in Ulster's Office to establish an accepted coat. Motto — " Urbs 
antiqua fuit studiisque asperrima belli." 

LIMERICK, See of. Azure, in the dexter chief a crozier, in the sinister a mitre 
labelled, and in base two keys indorsed saltirewise, all or. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct and its present use is 
illegal.] 

LIMERICK, ARDFERT,AND AGHADOE, Bishop of. According to Crock- 
ford only the arms of Limerick are made use of 

LINACRE. See Bootle-cum-Linacre. 



442 





LILLE 



LIEGE, BISHOPRIC OF 




LIMERICK 



LIMERICK, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LINCOLNSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The arms of the city of Lincohi 
are usually used. 

LINCOLN, City of (Lincolnshire). Argent, on a cross gules, a fleur-de-lis or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

LINCOLN, See of. Gules, two lions passant guardant or, on a chief azure the 
Holy Virgin ducally crowned seated on a throne issuant from the chief, on her 
dexter arm the infant Jesus and bearing in her sinister hand a sceptre all of 
the second. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

These arms first appear on the seal of William Smith (1495- 15 14). 

LINCOLN, Dean of. The arms of the see and in chief the letter D or. 
[Of no authority.] 

LINCOLN COLLEGE (Co. Oxford). (Founded 1429, by Hugh Fleming, then 
Bishop of Lincoln.) The escutcheon divided paleways into three parts, the 
centre argent, thereon the arms of the see of Lincoln, ensigned with a mitre, 
all proper, on the dexter side the arms of Richard Fleming, Bishop of Lincoln, 
viz. : barry of six argent and azure in chief three lozenges gules, in the fesse 
point a mullet pierced sable, the sinister side vert three stags statant, two and 
one or : being the arms of Thomas Scott, otherwise Rotherham, who first was 
Bishop of Rochester, afterwards Bishop of Lincoln, then Archbishop of York, and 
Chancellor of England, Privy Seal to Edward IV., and at length a Cardinal. 
He finished the college, and in 1479 refounded and liberally endowed it. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms, at the Visitation of the County of Oxford, 
1574. As to the division of the shield, refer to the note sub Brazenose College.] 



444 




LINCOLN, CITY OF 




LINCOLN, SEE OF 




^0^ 







LINCOLN, DEAN OF 



LINCOLN COLLEGE (CO. OXFORD) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LINCOLN'S INN, The Honourable Society of. Azure, seme of mill-rinds or, on 
a canton of the second, a lion rampant purpiire. 

[Of no authority.] 

Prior to 1703 the Society used the arms of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, 
though as early as 1615 Sir George Buck wrote: "But Sir James Lea [Ley] 
told me there was lately a coat devised for this house viz. Azure, seme de fers 
de mouline or with a purple Lyon in a canton or" (Stow, " Annales," p. 974). 

LINEN MANUFACTURERS IN SCOTLAND, The Company of Azure, 
the cross of St Andrew argent, on a chief of the second a cross of St George 
gules. Crest — Two hands conjoined surrounded with a hesp of yairn twisted and 
disposed in circle proper. Su/>po)-ted by a spinning woman with a distafif on the 
dexter, and on the sinister by a man weaver laying his hand on the shuttle. 
Alot/o —" QoncoY(S\a. crescunt. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 15th December 1694.] 

LINLITHGOWSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council simply exhibits the Royal Arms of Scotland within the collar of the 
Thistle, and surmounted by the Royal Crown. 

LINLITHGOW (Linlithgowshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows: — 
The Royall Burgh of Linlithgow gives for Ensignes Armoriall, Azur, the figur 
of the Arch-Angell Michaell, with winges expanded Tredding on ye bellie of a 
Serpent lying with its taill nowed fess-ways in base all argent, the head of which 
he is pearceing through with a Spear in his dexter hand, and grasping with his 
sinister ane Inescutcheon charged with the Royall Armes of Scotland. The 
Motto being " Collocet in Ccelis nos omnes vis Michailis." The reverse is. Or, a 
greyhound bitch sable chained to an oak-tree within a lock proper. 

LINNEAN SOCIETY (London). Per fesse the chief per pale gules and vert, the 
base sable, on a fesse argent, a hurt charged with an egg erect proper. Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours, behind a mount on which vegetates the linntea- 
borealis, the sun rising in splendour, all proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a lion or, 
gorged with the linnaea-borealis proper, therefrom a shield pendent per pale 
wavy argent and ermine, charged with a rose slipped gules and a thistle fesse- 
ways proper ; (sinister) an eagle rising proper, gorged as he dexter, therefrom a 
shield pendent argent charged with a trefoil slipped vert. Motto—'' Naturse 
discere mores." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1802. Gts. xxii. 40.] 



446 




LINCOLN'S INN 




LINLITHGOW 




LINNEAN SOCIETY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LINZ (Austria). Gules, in base water, therein two fish or, and issuing therefrom 
a terrace vert, thereon a castellated gateway and in the centre chief point an 
inescocheon of the field charged with a fesse argent, 

LION'S INN (London). Chequy or and argent, over all a lion in bend salient sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

LIPPE, Principality of. Argent, a rose gules. The Princes of Lippe use the arms, 
quarterings, crests, and supporters as in the illustration. 

LISBON (Portugal). Argent, on waves of the sea in base, a three-masted ship, 
sails furled. Motto — " Mui nobre leal cidade de Lisboa." 



448 




LINZ 




LISBON 





LIPPE 



LIPPE 



2 r 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LISKEARD (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
fleur-de-lis, and perched thereupon, respecting each other, are two birds 
(Burke gives "beds," a palpable printer's blunder), in chief two annulets, and 
in the flanks two feathers. The legend is differently quoted, and I have been 
unable to obtain an actual impression of the seal. 

LISMORE. Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office, but the 
following are attributed to the town : — Argent, an abbey (?) of two spires, and 
in chief a dove holding in its beak an olive branch, within a glory and descending 
from clouds all proper. In the gateway is an escutcheon of the arms of the 
Right Honourable the Earl of Shannon, namely. Party per bend embattled 
argent and gules in chief a crescent of the last for difference, surmounted by 
an earl's coronet. Motto — " God's providence is our inheritance." 

LISMORE. Refer to Cashel and Emly, Waterford and Lismore, Bishop of 

LITERARY FUND. Refer to Royal Literary Fund. 

LITHUANIA. Refer to Poland, Kings of 

LIVERPOOL (Lancashire). Argent, a cormorant, in the beak a branch of sea- 
weed called Laver, all proper; and for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours 
a cormorant, the wings elevated, in the beak a branch of laver proper. Supporters 
— The dexter, Neptune, with his sea-green mantle flowing, the waist wreathed 
with laver, on his head an Eastern crown gold, in the right hand his trident 
sable, the left supporting a banner of the arms of Liverpool ; on the sinister, 
a Triton wreathed as the dexter and blowing his shell, the right hand supporting 
a banner, thereon a ship under a sail in perspective all proper, the banner staves 
or. Motto — " Deus nobis ha-c otia fecit." 

The arms and crest were granted by Sir Isaac Heard, Knight, Garter 
Principal King of Arms, and George Harrison, Norroy King of Arms, March 
22nd, and the supporters by Sir Isaac Heard, Knight, Garter Principal King 
of Arms, March 23rd, in the year 1797. 

[Grant printed " Hist. Soc. L. and C," xlii. g.] 

LIVERPOOL, See of. Argent, an eagle rising sable, beaked, legged and a glory 
round the head or, holding in the dexter claw an ancient inkhorn proper, a chief 
per pale azure and gules, charged on the dexter side with an open book or, 
inscribed in letters sable. " Thy word is truth," and on the sinister an ancient 
ship with three masts, sails furled also or. 

[Granted, College of Arms 17th July 18S2. Grant printed "Hist. Soc. 
L. and C," xlii. 9 ] 

The eagle holding the penner is the badge of St John the Evangelist, and 
appears on the ancient seal of the borough (not a liver). 

LIVERPOOL, University of Refer to University of Liverpool. 

4.S0 




LISMORE 



LIVERPOOL, SEE OF 




LIVERPOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LIVERPOOL COLLEGE. Per fesse azure and gules, in chief the Imperial crown 
upon a cushion and in front of a crosier and sceptre in saltire and in the base an 
open book, all proper. Alotto — " Non solum ingenii verum etiam virtutis." 
[Of no authority.] 

LIVORNO (Italy). Gules, issuant from water in base proper, a tower argent, and 
from the battlement two turrets, on the dexter a flagstaff and flying therefrom 
to the sinister a forked pennon charged with the word " Fides." 

LLANDAFF (Glamorganshire). Has no armorial bearings, but Burke, in his 
" General Armory," quotes, " Sa., two crosiers in saltire or, on a chief azure three 
mitres of the second." These, of course, are the arms of the See, with the 
exception that the sinister crozier should be argent. 

LLANDAFF, See of. Sable two crosiers in saltire or and argent, on a chief azure 
three mitres labelled of the second. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

LLANDAFF PRIORY (Glamorganshire). The same arms as now used for the 
See of Llandaff. 

LLANDOVERY (Carmarthenshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

LLANELLY (Co. Carmarthen). Per chevron argent and gules, in chief two 
lymphads sable, and in base a figure representing St Elli of the first. Crest — 
Issuant from a mural crown proper, two dragons' wings gules, each charged with 
a fesse chequy or and azure. Motto — "Ymlaen Llanelli." Badge — In front of 
two miners' pick-axes in saltire and within a Stepne}' motor wheel, a wooden 
box containing a sheet of tin-plate all proper. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1913.] 

LLANFYLLIN (Montgomeryshire). Has no armorial bearings, and, failing their 
possession, the corporation seal exhibits, with the legend, " Borough of Llanfyllin," 
the Royal arms, crown, supporters, garter, and motto, the arms being 
Quarterly i and 4 France and England quarterly, 2 Scotland, 3 Ireland. 

LLANIDLOES (Montgomeryshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents on a mount a ram passant within the legend, " Burgh of Llanidloes." 

LOANHEAD. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

LOCHGELLY. Has no arms, and its seal is a picturesque representation of a pit- 
head and railway siding. In the base of the seal, however, appears something 
in the nature of a coat-of-arms, viz.. Quarterly, i, azure, three lumps of coal ; 2 
argent, a beehive ; 3, argent, a pickaxe ; 4, azure, a miner's safety-lamp. Motto — 
" By industry we flourish." 
[Of no authority.] 

452 




LIVERPOOL COLLEGE 





LLANDAFF, SEE OF 




LLANELLY 
(Badge) 



LLANELLY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LOCHGILPHEAD (Argyllshire). Has no arms. The seal represents an anchor 
cabled, the stock crossed by a herring. Motto — " Dochas." 

LOCHMABEN (Dumfriesshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents the figure of St Magdalene holding a chalice, with the 
legend, "S. commune villae et burgi de Lochmaben." 

LOCKERBIE (Dumfriesshire.) Has no arms of its own, but finds those of the 
Johnstone-Douglas family answer all purposes. They are, Quarterly : i and 4, 
argent, a heart imperially crowned, all proper ; on a chief azure, three mullets of 
the field ; 2, argent, a saltire sable, on a chief gules three cushions or ; 3, azure, 
a bend between six cross crosslets fichee or. 

LODOMIRIA. Azure, two bars chequy gules and argent. 

LOE. See East Looe and West Looe. 

LOGIC SCHOOL (Cambridge). Refer to Divinity School and Cambridge Uni- 
versity, Regius Professors. 



454 



i:^T:^i::?iagni 




LOCKERBIE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LONDON (City of). Argent, a cross gules, in the first quarter, a sword in pale, 
point upwards, of the last. Crest — A dragon's sinister wing argent, charged 
with a cross gules. Stipporters — On either side, a dragon with wings elevated 
and endorsed argent, and charged on the wing with a cross gules. Motto — 
" Domine dirige nos." 

Strange indeed as it may seem, the crest and supporters used by the 
City of London, the first city in the world, are not recorded in His Majesty's 
College of Arms, and are of no authority. As Vincent only gives the coat-of- 
arms, it proves pretty conclusively that the crest and supporters are modern. 
The arms date back to 1359, the crest to 1539, the supporters and motto to 
1633, when they first appear in the 4th Edition of Stow's "Survey of London." 

[Within a few days of publication a MS., dated 1609, has come into the 
possession of the Corporation, which shows these supporters presumably in use 
at that date.] 

The legend, imaginative and chimerical as a statement from such a quarter 
usually proves to be, as to " Wat Tyler's dagger " appearing on the arms of 
the City of London, is, of course, a pure piece of fiction. The "dagger" in 
question is not a dagger at all, but a sword, as may be plainly seen by a 
reference to Vincent's original drawing in the College of Arms, which is there 
so clearly sketched that there is no "possible probable shadow of doubt, no 
possible doubt whatever." The sword is, of course, a badge of the patron saint 
of London, St Paul. The arms with the sword appear upon the Seal which was 
taken into use 17th April 1381, before the death of Wat Tyler, 15th June 
following. 

Asto the supporters, usage seems pretty constant, the only variation beingthat 
the cross is sometimes " couped " instead of " throughout." And the same may 
be said of the cross upon the crest, but the "couped " variety is not common, 
and I have never seen it upon anything official. A misprint in Burke's " General 
Armory " has frequently caused some little confusion as to the crest amongst 
those unacquainted with the form in use. The Mayor's seal shows two lions 
sejant guardant as supporters. 

Another variation which I have seen frequently perpetrated is the making 
of the crest into " a pair of wings addorsed." The Corporation gas pillars are 
the worst offenders on this point. The helmet in use over the arms of the 
City of London is that of a peer. Such a practice with town or city arms is 
officially admitted nowhere at the present day, though I have seen it done else- 
where. But the remarkable point is this, that with the arms of London this 
usage is practically universal. No helmet appears above Vincent's sketch in the ' 
College of Arms; but is there any valid reason for the invariable practice, which 
appears to hold good ? The " Right Honourable " was until of recent years a 
title strictly appertaining amongst Mayors to the Lord Mayor of the City of 
London. Moreover, he is always addressed, of course, as " My Lord," both of 
which are amongst the privileges of peers. Is it for this reason that a peer's 
helmet has been appropriated to the arms of the City of London ? Very often 
the arms are surmounted by a representation of the fur cap of office, after the 

456 




LONDON, CITY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

manner of a coronet. This, as a decorative addition to the arms, first appears 
in the "Armory of London " in 1677, but it is only placed above the arms in 
. i6go. There is no authority for its use. Norwich makes use of a similar 
ornament upon its Corporation notepaper, though probably even with less reason 
than the City of London. Since the publication of the first Edition a Committee 
of the Corporation was appointed to consider the question of the City Arms. 
It presented a most valuable report which has since been printed, and which 
admits what I had pointed out, that there is no authority for the crest and 
supporters: but the'dear old Corporation couldn't screw its courage up sufficiently 
to take steps to legitimise its bogus insignia. As the Corporation desires to 
perpetuate a certain form it is here reproduced. They call it the " Correct Coat 
of Arms," I call it the " bogus " one. 

LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL. Barry wavy of six azure and argent, on a 
chief of the last, the cross of St George, charged with a lion of England : the 
shield ensigned with a mural crown gold. 

[Granted by H.M.'s Royal Warrant, 29th July 1914, and exemplified in the 
College of Arms.] 



458 




THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LONDON INSTITUTION. Per fesse azure and argent, in chief beneath the sun 
in splendour a terrestrial globe between an open book on the dexter and an air- 
pump on the sinister, all proper, and in base the cross and sword of the arms of 
the city of London. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a lion passant guardant 
or, the dexter paw holding the charter of the said Institution proper. Supporters 
— (De.xter) a female figure representing the city of London, habited argent, zoned 
azure, and over her shoulders a mantle gules, fringed or, on her head a mural 
crown proper, her exterior hand resting on a shield erect, thereon the arms of the 
said City of London ; (sinister) a female figure representing Minerva in a robe 
argent, tunic purpure, zone, gorget, and helmet or, in her dexter hand a spear 
erect proper, her sinister hand resting on the ^gis azure, charged with Medusa's 
head, gold. Motto — " Studio fallente laborem." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1807.] 

LONDON, See of. Gules, two swords in saltire, points upwards, argent hilts and 
pommels or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

Arms first used on seal of Bishop Ralph Stratford in 1348. 

LONDON, Dean of The arms of the See, and in chief the letter D or. 
[Of no authority.] 



460 




LONDON INSTITUTION 





LONDON, DEAN OF 



LONDON, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LONDON, The Guild of Freemen of the City of. Argent, on a cross gules 
enfiled in chief and base by two mural crowns or, a rose of the first, slipped 
and leaved proper. Crest — A mural crown or, rising therefrom a dove, wings 
expanded proper. Motto — " Londini defendi tuos deus optime cives." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 31st May 191 2.] 

LONDON. Refer to Port of London Authority and to the " Newe Corporation of 
Freemen in the suburbs about London." 

LONDON LIVERY COMPANIES AND TRADING CORPORATIONS. 

Refer to the several Companies. 

LONDON, University of. See University of London. 
LONDONDERRY, County. Has no armorial bearings. 



463 




LONDON, GUILD OF FREEMEN OF THE CITY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LONDONDERRY (Co. Londonderry). Sable, on a stone vert, a skeleton of 
human bones sitting, leaning the dexter elbow upon the knee, and resting the 
head on the hand, the sinister hand resting on the hip all or, in the dexter chief 
a castle argent, a chief of the arms of the City of London. Motto — " Vita Veritas 
victoria." 

"The Arms of ye Cittie of Derrie where at first when the Ho''''' S' Henry 
Docwra fought, made the plantation thereof against the arch traytowre Hugh 
sometime Earle of Tyrone. The picture of death (or a skeleton) sitting on a 
mossie ston and in the dexter point a Castle, And forasmuch as that Cittie was 
since most trayterouslie sacked and destroyed by S' Cahire (or S' Charles) 
ODogharty, and hath since bene (as it were) raysed from the dead by the worthy 
undertakinge of the Ho*"'" Cittie of London, in memorie where of it is from hence- 
forth called and known by the name of London Derrie. I have at the request of 
John Rowley now first Mayor of that Cittie and Commaltie of the same set 
forth the same Armes w"' an addition of a Chief the Armes of London as heere 
appeareth and for confirmation thereof have heereunto set my hand and seale 
the first of June 1623. (Signed in pencil) DAN MOLYNEUX." 

The only authority remaining in Ulster's Office is a very rough sketch "in 
trick " with the note as set forth here above, bound up with other papers in a 
book of " Draft Grants," and for want of any other I take this as my authority, 
though I am aware that it differs considerably from the arms as quoted by 
Burke in his " General Armory " and from the form in use. Why an Irish harp 
is almost invariably charged upon the cross in the chief, I am at a loss to 
understand. — Ed. 

The arms as they appear upon the Town Clerk's note-paper are in form 
very similar to the illustration herein, but are surrounded by a trophy of 
military flags and weapons, and are surmounted by a crest, namely, "an Irish 
harp surmounted by a royal crown," and further the field is shown to be azure. 
The whole design, so the Town-Clerk writes, is "exactly the same as worked 
by the French prisoners on the tapestry in the Bank of Ireland, the Old House 
of Lords, about the year 17 10," though he further adds that "the upper part is 
argent and gules, and the lower half proper." Debrett's " House of Commons " 
makes the arms " per fess," the field " azure," charges the cross with an " Irish 
harp," and puts the sword in the arms of the City of London in the " second " 
quarter. 

LONDONDERRY, PORT AND HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS. Or, on a 
cross gules, a tower proper, on a chief argent, the representation of the entrance 
to the harbour and a ship with three masts sailing in, all also proper Crest — On 
a wreath of the colours, a lighthouse standing on a rock proper. Supporters — 
Two dragons with wings expanded proper, each charged on the shoulder with a 
tower, also proper. Motto — " In Portu quies." 

[Granted by Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, February 9, 1858.] 



464 




LONDONDERRY 




LONDONDERRY, PORT AND HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS 



id 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
LONGFORD, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

LONGFORD, Town. Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office, but 
those in use are " Quarterly i and 4 ermine, a griffin segreant azure, 2 and 3 
gules, a boar passant argent." Motto — " Scio cui confideo." 

LONG BOW-STRING MAKERS' COMPANY (London). Azure, a hank or 
knot of bow-string in pale or, on a chief argent, three bows. Crest — On a 
wreath, a man vested proper, shooting with a bow and arrow of tlie last. 
Motto — " Nee habeo nee careo nee euro." 
[These arms are of no authority.] 

LONGTON (Staffordshire). Had no armorial bearings. The borough, however, 
assumed the escutcheon, the quarterings, and the impalement of the late 
John Edensor Heathcote, Esquire, J. P., of Longton Hall, who died 1869. 
Somebody else's crest (.' that of the Mosley family) was appropriated, and 
supporters invented. The arms were per pale, the dexter side quarterly i and 4 
ermine, three pomeis vert, each charged with a cross or (being the arms of 
Heathcote) ; 2 argent, a chevron between three horse-shoes sable (being the 
arms of Edensor) ; 3 vairee ermine and gules (being the arms of Gresley — on 
the seal a "canton," and on the note-paper a "chief," chequy were added to this 
quarter); the sinister side quarterly i and 4 quarterly, per fesse indented ermine 
and azure, 2 and 3 party per chevron sable and ermine, in chief, two boars' 
heads couped or, being the arms of Sandford. C7-est — An eagle displayed ermine 
(or? charged on the breast with three ermine spots). Supporters — On the 
dexter side, a potter habited and with an apron, holding in his exterior hand a 
or jug vase, and on the sinister side a miner habited below the waist (naked 
or clothed above the waist apparently according to fancy), holding over his 
sinister shoulder a pickaxe, presumably all proper. Motto — "Great industria " 
(Was this intended for "Great," and simply an engraver's error?). Longton 
is now included in the Amalgamated Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent, to which 
refer. 

LOOZ. Refer to Liege, Bishopric of. 

LORD CHAMBERLAIN OF THE HOUSEHOLD IN ENGLAND. Badge 
of Office — A golden key in pale behind his shield. 

LORD CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND. Badge of Office— Tv^'o maces in 
saltire behind his shield and the purse containing the great seal below it. 

LORD GREAT CHAMBERLAIN OF ENGLAND. Badge of Office— Tv/o 
golden keys in saltire behind his arms. 

LORD HIGH CHAMBERLAIN OF SCOTLAND. Badge oj Office— Tvio 
golden keys in saltire behind his arms. 

466 




LONGFORD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LORD HIGH CONSTABLE OF ENGLAND. Badge of Office— ^e\\\nd the 
shield in saltire two batons similar to the one which is delivered to him for use 
at the Coronation. 

LORD HIGH CONSTABLE OF SCOTLAND. Badge of Office— Two silver 
batons tipped with gold at either end in saltire behind his arms. 

LORD JUSTICE-GENERAL OF SCOTLAND. Badge of Office—'' Behind the 
shield two swords in saltire, points upwards proper as the insignia of his office." 
The arms of several who have held the above office of Lord Justice-General 
have been matriculated in Lyon Register with the above additions. 

LORD-LIEUTENANT OF IRELAND. The flag of the Viceroy of Ireland is 
the Union flag charged on the centre with a harp or upon a blue inescutcheon. 

LORDS-LIEUTENANT OF COUNTIES. His Majesty, April 27, 191 1, 
approved of a flag to be used by Lords-Lieutenant, viz., the Union flag charged 
on the cross of St George with a sword fesseways, point to the sinister, sur- 
mounted by an Imperial Crown proper. 

LORINERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 3rd December 
171 1.) Azure, on a chevron argent, between three manage bits or, as many 
bosses sable. 

[Of no authority.] 

LORNE, Lordship of. Argent, a galley (or lymphad) sable, sails furled, flag and 
pennants flying and oars in action proper. 

[This coat, matriculated in Lyon Register, is borne for the Lordship of 
Lome by the Dukes of Argyll quarterly (in the second and third quarters) with 
the arms of Campbell.] 

LORRAINE. Refer to Austria. 

LOSSIEMOUTH AND BRANDERBURGH. Has no arms. Its seal, which is not 
heraldic, represents a Bishop, St Gerardine, bearing in his sinister hand a crozier, 
and holding out a lantern towards an ancient vessel. Motto — " Per noctem lux." 

LOSTWITHIEL (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. 

LOUGHBOROUGH (Leicestershire). Or, on a bend sable between a maunch in 
chief and a bull's head erased in base of the last, a fret between two escallops 
of the first. Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, a lion rampant or, holding 
in the dexter fore-paw a maunch and resting the dexter hind-paw on a fret 
sable. Motto — " In veritate victoria." 

[Granted, College of Arms, lOth April 1889.] 



468 





LORINERS, COMPANY OF 



LORNE, LORDSHIP OF 




^) 



LOUGHBOROUGH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LOUTH (Lincolnshire). Has no armorial bearings. As to a seal, the Town-Clerk 
returned the letter of the editor asking for an impression of the seal, with the 
curt remark, "We have none," superscribed upon it. A Corporation without a 
seal, one is inclined to think, must be unique. 

LOUTH AND DROGHEDA, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

LOUTH, Town of (Co. Louth). Has no armorial bearings. 

LOUVAIN (Belgium). Gules, a fesse argent. 

LOWESTOFT (Suffolk). Argent, on a chevron sable, between in chief an antique 
crown between two roses gules, each rose charged with another rose argent, all 
barbed and seeded proper, and in base a sun issuant or, three Lowestoft china 
plates also proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi-figure represent- 
ing St Margaret, holding in the hand a pearl all proper. Motto — " Point du 
jour." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 14th February 1913.] 

LUBECK (Germany). Per fesse argent and gules, the shield displayed on the 
breast of a double-headed eagle displayed sable, beaked and legged gules. 

In the great shield of Lubeck, the eagle as above described is placed upon 
a shield or. Matitling — Gules and argent. Cirst — Out of a coronet or, a demi- 
eagle (with one head) displayed sable, beaked gules. Supporters — Two lions 
proper. 

LUBECK (Bishopric of). Azure, a cross couped or, surmounted with a mitre of 
the last. 

LUCCA (Italy). Per fesse argent and gules. 

The arms formerly used for the Republic of Lucca, now extinct, were azure, 
the word " Libertas " written in capital letters in gold, and placed bendways, 
beginning in chief between two bendlets or. 



470 




LOWESTOFT 




LUBECK 





LUCCA (ITALY) 



LUBECK (BISHOPRIC OF) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LUCERN, Canton (Switzerland). Per pale argent and azure. Supporter — On 
the dexter side a savage ; hands, face, and feet proper, all the other parts 
covered with leaves, girt ronnd the head and waist with laurel ; holding in his 
dexter hand an oak branch, all proper, the sinister supporting the shield. 

LUCKNOW, See of. Or, three bendlets wavy azure, over all a tower and floating 
from the battlements a banner of St George all proper, on a chief azure, three 
celestial crowns or. 

[Of no authority.] 

LUDLOW (Shropshire). Azure, a lion couchant guardant between three roses, 
argent. Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, a porcupine quarterly or and azure. 
Recorded in the College of Arms. 

The shield is sometimes surmounted by a plume of three ostrich feathers, 
but there is no authority for such a practice. 

LUGGERSHALL (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's "General 
Armory" gives " Az. a castle ppr." 

LURGAN (Co. Armagh). Has no armorial bearings. But in iS68 the Town 
Commissioners did Lord Lurgan the honour (.') of appropriating his arms and 
quarterings (with his crest) to impale with a bogus concoction of their own in- 
vention. The result is as follows: — i Party per pale, the dexter side, quarterly 
I and 4, party per pale or and argent an inescutcheon within an orle of martlets 
sable (being the arms of Brownlow). 2 Argent, a stag springing gules, on a 
chief vert three mullets of the first (being the arms of O'Dogherty). 3 Gules, a 
chevron between three escallop-shells or (being the arms of Chamberlain) ; the 
sinister side vert, on a chevron ermine, between a pile of linen webs in chief, and 
a beehive with bees in base all proper, three bezants. Crest — On a chapeau 
azure, turned up ermine, a greyhound gules, collared or, being the crest of Lord 
Lurgan. Motto — " Be just and fear not." 



472 




LUCERN 




LUCKNOW, SEE OF 





B\A 



LUDLOW 



LURGAN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LUSATIA, LOWER, Markgravate of. Argent, an ox passant proper {i.e. red 
with white belly and black horns). 

LUSATIA, UPPER, Markgravate of. Azure, in base a wall embattled or, 
masoned sable. 

LUTON (Bedfordshire). Quarterly gules and azure, on a cross argent, between a 
garb in the first quarter, a beehive in the second, a rose slipped and leaved 
in the third, and a thistle also slipped and leaved in the fourth, all proper, a 
bee volant of the last. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours upon 
a mount vert, a cubit arm in bend, vested azure, cuff argent, the hand proper, 
holding seven ears of wheat or. Motto — " Scientize et labori detur." 
Granted, College of Arms, 25th July 1876. 

LUTESTRINGS, Patentees for the making and dressing of Alamodes, Renforce, 
etc. Refer to Patentees. 

LUXEMBURG (Germany). Barry argent and azure, a lion rampant gules crowned 
or. 

LUXEMBURG, Grand Duchy of. Arms as above, and on an inescutcheon the 
arms of the ruling dynasty, viz., Nassau. Supporteys—T^o lions or, crowned. 



474 





LUSATIA, LOWER 



LUSATIA, UPPER 





LUXEMBURG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

LYDD (Kent). (Azure), the base water (proper), thereon a castle with a tower, and 
with the spire thereupon near the centre of the field, all on the dexter side argent, 
a ship on the sinister with one mast, as if passing behind the castle, the sail furled, 
and on the stern a man blowing a horn, all or, the mast, round top, and rigging 
all of the last ; on a canton, also argent, a cross between four lions rampant 
gules. 

Recorded in the College of Arms ; but the colour of the field is not quoted 
in the Visitation book. 

LYME REGIS (Dorsetshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

LYMINGTON (Hampshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents on 
the sea a very antique ship of one mast, the sail furled ; and on the sinister side 
of the mast an escutcheon of the arms of Courtney, namely, " Or, three torteaux, 
a label of three points azure," with the legend, "Sigillum burgi de Lymington." 

LYNN REGIS, or KING'S LYNN. See King's Lynn. 

LYON COURT, or LYON OFFICE, being the Office of Arms for Scotland 
(Edinburgh). Argent, a lion sejant guardant gules armed and langued azure, 
holding in his dexter paw a thistle proper, and in his sinister a shield of the 
second, on a chief azure a St Andrew's cross of the first. 

The seal of office is the above between two palm branches, the whole 
encircled with the inscription, "Sigillum officii leonis regis armorum." 

LYON KING OF ARMS. The official arms of Lyon King are the same as the 
arms of his court [to which refer] and are borne alone or impaled on the dexter 
side of the personal arms of Lyon. 

The escutcheon is surmounted by his official crown and placed upon two 
batons in saltire. 

LYONS (France). Gules, a lion rampant argent, supporting in his forepaws a 
sword erect proper, on a chief azure, three fleurs-de-lis or. 

LYON'S INN. Refer to Lion's Inn. 



476 




LYDD 




LYON KING OF ARMS 




LYONS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MACCLESFIELD (Cheshire). Has no armorial bearings. The device upon the 
seal shows a lion rampant holding a garb, and this is sometimes quoted as a 
coat. The Town Clerk's notepaper, however, simply shows the device as a 
"badge," but making the lion "guardant," and resting upon a scroll bearing the 
Motto — " Nee virtus nee copia desunt." 

MACDUFF. Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows a mounted knight, and is 
probably intended for a representation of the ccest of the Earls and Duke of 
Fife. 

MACKENZIE RIVER, See of (Canada— formerly called Athabasca). (Azure?) 
Argent, semee of ears of maize slipped in chief an open book and in base a ]:)air 
of snowshoes in saltire all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

MADAGASCAR, See of. Azure, a cross Calvary or. 
[Of no authority.] 

MADRAS, Presidency of. No official warrant assigning arms to the Presidency 
has as yet been issued. 

MADRAS, See of. Argent, on a mount vert, in front of a banyan tree, a kid on 
the dexter couchant looking towards the sinister, and on the sinister a leopard 
couchant guardant all proper, a chief azure, thereon a dove rising, in the beak an 
olive branch also proper between two crosses pattee or. 
[Recorded Heralds' Coll. Gts., xli. 67?^ 

MADRAS, University of. Refer to University of Madras. 

MADRID (Spain). Tierced in pairle reversed, dexter azure, a dragon rampant or: 
sinister argent, on a mount in base vert a bear rampant against a tree within 
a bordure azure, charged with seven mullets argent : the base or, a chaplet. 



478 





MACKENZIE RIVER, SEE OF 



MADAGASCAR, SEE OF 



_5^__o 



Vmfe 


^^ymmr 


^M 


w 


1^ lA 




^ 


lA 


I7 ^ 


^h 


^ 


^ 




p. 


, fe 


m 


i 


s 



%: 



\\' 



ML-Ui..^ 




MADRAS, SEE OF 



MADRID 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MAGDALEN COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1541 by Thomas Audley, 
Baron IValden, and Lord Chancellor of England.) Quarterly, per pale indented 
or and azure in the 2nd and 3rd quarters an eagle displayed of the first, on a 
bend of the second a fret between two martlets of the first. 
[Of no authority.] 

MAGDALEN COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in the year 1456 by William 
Patten, or, as he was otherwise called from the place of his nativity, William of 
Wainfleet, Bishop of Winchester.) Lozengy ermine and sable on a chief of 
the last three lilies argent, slipped and seeded or. 

[Recorded College of Arms, Visitation of Oxford, 1574.] 

MAGDALEN HALL. Oxford. Has no arms. 

MAGDEBURG (Germany). Argent, on a mount in base vert, an embattled gate- 
way gules, porte ouvert and issuing from the battlements between two towers 
also gules, a demi-maiden proper, habited vert, and holding in her dexter hand 
a garland. 

MAIDENHEAD (Berkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents (I 
presume) a maiden's head. 

MAIDSTONE (Kent). Argent, a fesse wavy azure between three torteaux, on a 
chief gules, a lion passant guardant or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



■1-80 




MAGDALEN COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 







:;•;▼;*; 



MAGDALEN COLLEGE (OXFORD) 





MAGDEBURG 



MAIDSTONE 



2H 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MAINE, State of (U.S.A.). In a landscape field, on a mount in base, a stag lodged 
under a tree all proper. Supporters — (Dexter), a husbandman, (sinister) a sailor. 
Motto—" Dirigo." 

MAINZ. Refer to Mayence. 

MAKERS OF PLAYING CARDS, The Worshipful Company of, London. 
(Incorporated 28th October 1628.) Gules, on a cross argent, between the four 
ace cards proper the aces of hearts and diamonds in chief and of clubs and 
spades in base, a lion passant guardant of the first. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, an armed arm erect holding in the hand an ace of hearts all proper. 
Supporters — Two men in complete armour proper, garnished or, on each a 
sash gules. 

[Of no authority.] 

MALACCA. Refer to Straits Settlements. 



482 




MAINE 




MAKERS OF PLAYING CARDS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MALAGA (Spain). Argent, a landscape within a bordure per pale gules and vert 
charged with four bows unstrung and as many sheaves, each of three arrows 
all or. 

MALAY, Federated States of. Vert, nine sheaves of padi or, on a chief argent, 
the emblem of Perak proper between the crown of Pahang surmounting two 
daggers in saltire on the dexter and a kris on the sinister, both also proper. 

[The British Empire has not full sovereign rights in Malay, and only 
administers the country under treaty. For this reason no power exists in the 
Crown to assign arms, but the above arms have been devised by the Malayan 
authorities in consultation with the College of Arms and may be regarded as 
authentic] 

MALDON (Essex). Party per pale azure and argent, on the dexter side three lions 
passant guardant in pale or, and on the sinister on waves of the sea in base 
proper a ship of one mast sable, the mast surmounted by a fleur-de-lis gold, and 
from the masthead a pennon flotant gules, the sail furled argent, and from a 
turret at the stern a flagstaff erect surmounted by a fleur-de-lis of the sixth, and 
therefrom a banner of the first charged with three lions passant guardant of the 
third. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The seal represents upon one side an escutcheon charged with three lions 
passant regardant in pale, and upon the other with a ship of one mast on the 
sea, the sail furled, in the stern a castle, thereon a flag charged with the arms as 
upon the other side of the seal. The legend upon both sides is the same, 
namely, " Sigillum commune corp. villa; de Maldon." Burke, in his " General 
Armory," quotes as the arms of Maldon, " Azure, three lions passant regardant in 
pale or." But upon the Town-Clerk's notepaper the two sides of the seal are 
impaled upon an escutcheon, though the lions are here altered to guardant and 
the ship is altered in shape, the banner also being changed to " gules a cross 
argent." In Debrett's " House of Commons," a representation of a seal is given 
showing a three-masted ship of a very different description, but the legend here 
is given " Sigillum officii admiralitatis Anglie inera precitu vile de Maldon," which 
of course explains it. 

MALMO (Sweden). Argent, a griffin's head erased gules, crowned or. 

MALMESBURY (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
castle with an embattled tower at each end, on the centre a tower domed, there- 
on a pennon ; on each side of the castle three ears of wheat on one stalk, in chief 
on the dexter side a mullet of six points, and on the sinister an increscent ; 
again, on the sinister side three balls, one near the dome of the upper tower, and 
the other two near the battlements of the sinister tower, the base barry wavy to 
represent water. Berry adds the following note to his description of the seal : — 
" It is also painted as above on a field gules in the Town Hall ; but I believe 
it never was intended as an Armorial Ensign." 

484 





MALAGA 



MALAY STATES 





MALDON 



MALMO 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MALTA. No arms are recorded for Malta, but the Admiralty publish for use upon 
the Union flag by the Governor, the arms per pale argent and gules, a bordure or. 

MALTON (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are " Argent, on 
chevron . . . between three tuns proper, two ears of corn ..." (the editor 
suggests that they should be barley). Motto — " Vince malum bono." 

MALVERN COLLEGE. Or, five torteaux between two chevronels, all between 
three fountains proper. Motto — " Sapiens qui prospicit." 
[Of no authority.] 

MAN, ISLE OF. See Isle of Man. 

MAN. Refer to Sodor and Man, See of 

MANCHESTER (Lancashire). Gules, three bendlets enhanced or, a chief argent, 
thereon on waves of the sea a ship under sail proper ; and for the Crest — Upon 
a wreath of the colours, a terrestrial globe, semee of bees volant all proper, 
Supporters — On the dexter side an heraldic antelope argent, attired, collared, and 
chain refle.\ed over the back or, and on the sinister side, a lion guardant or 
murally crowned gules, each charged on the shoulder with a rose of the last. 
Motto — " Concilio et labore." 

The arms and crest were granted ist March 1S42, by Sir William Woods, 
Garter, J. Hawker, Clarenceu.x, and Francis Martin, Norroy; and the supporters, 
2nd March 1842, by Sir William Woods, Garter. 

[Was the chief a prophecy of the Ship Canal ?] 



486 





MALTON 



MALVERN COLLEGE 




MANCHESTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MANCHESTER, See of. Or, on a pale engrailed gules, three mitres of the field, a 
canton of the second, thereon three bendlets enhanced also of the field. 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1847.] 

The arms on the canton are the coat of Greslet or Grelley, feudal Barons of 
Manchester. 

MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY. Refer to Owen's College. 

MANCHESTER. Refer to Our Lady's College. 

MANCHESTER, The Overseers of the Township of Or, a bale of cotton goods 
proper, on a chief azure between two garbs of the first, a pale argent, thereon an 
escutcheon gules, charged with three bendlets enhanced also of the first. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a female figure representing the Union of 
Justice with Charity, in her right hand a pair of scales and on her left arm an 
infant, all proper. Motto — "Justitia et benignitate." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1S58.] 

MANCHESTER AND LIVERPOOL DISTRICT BANKING COMPANY. 

Argent, two bendlets gules, a bordure azure, charged with seven bezants, a chief 
sable, thereon a garb between two fusils or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, 
upon waves of the sea proper, an ancient ship with three masts, sails furled, 
colours flying, all or, between two coral branches proper. Motto— '' "Dczv^s 
prudentiae merces." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1S71.] 

MANCHESTER AND SALFORD BANK. Azure, a garb or, banded gules, a 
bordure argent, charged with five torteaux, on a chief of the second, three 
bendlets of the third. Crest — On a wreath of the colours a demi-eagle displayed 
with two heads vert, each wing charged with a bezant and on the breast a trefoil 
slipped or. Motto — " Respice et prospice." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1875.] 

MANITOBA (Dominion of Canada). Vert, on a rock a buffalo statant proper, on 
a chief argent the cross of St George. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, loth May 1905.] 



488 





MANCHESTER, SEE OF 



MANCHESTER AND LIVERPOOL DISTRICT 
BANKING COMPANY 






















m 


m 


%A^ 



MANITOBA 



MANCHESTER AND SALFORD BANK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
MANNHEIM (Germany). Or, a wolf hook gules. 

MANSFIELD (Nottingham). Quarterly sable and azure, a cross flory or, between 
in the first and fourth quarters a stag's head caboshed argent, attired of the 
third, and in the second and third a cotton hank of the fourth. Crest — In front 
of an oak tree proper, two cross crosslets fitchee saltirewise argent, and between 
as many mullets or. Motto — " Sicut quercus virescit industria." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 9th February 1892.] 

MANTUA (Italy). Argent, a cross and bordure gules, in the dexter chief canton a 
human head couped at the shoulders proper, vested gules and wreathed about 
the temples vert. 

The arms formerly used for the Duchy of Mantua were as follows : — 
Argent, a cross pattee throughout gules, between four eagles displayed 
sable, beaked and armed of the second. Crest — On a mount vert, an altar proper 
over the altar, on an escroll, the word " Fides." 

MARBLERS' COMPANY (London). Gules, a chevron argent, between two 
chipping axes in chief of the last and a mallet in base or. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, an arm embowed vested azure, cuffed argent, holding in the 
hand proper an engraving chisel of the last. Motto — " Grind well." 

[Of no authority.] 

[This Company was amalgamated with that of the Masons.] 

MARBLERS' COMPANY (Gateshead). Gules, a chevron between two chipping 
axes in chief argent, and a mallet in base or. Crest— hvi arm embowed vested 
azure, cuffed argent, holding in the hand proper an engraving chisel or. 
[Of no authority. From the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 

MARGATE (Kent). Per pale gules and azure, a chevron argent, between in chief 
a demi-lion passant guardant conjoined to the demi-hulk of a ship or, and in 
base a horse rampant of the third. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a sea- 
horse supporting the mast of a ship, with yard and rigging all proper. Motto — 
" Porta maris portus salutis." 

Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt, Garter Principal King of Arms, 
J. Pulman, Clarenceux King of Arms, Robert Laurie, Norroy King of Arms, 
I2th January 1S58. 



49° 






MANNHEIM 



MANTUA 





MANSFIELD 



MARGATE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MARITZBURG See of (S. Africa). Per fesse, in chief azure, a saltire argent, 
above it an estoile or, in base argent, on waves of the sea a ship proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

MARKINCH (Fifeshire). Has no arms, and its seal, which is not heraldic, shows a 
representation of the parish church. 

MARLBOROUGH, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

MARLBOROUGH (Wiltshire). Party per saltiie gules and azure, in chief a bull 
passant argent, armed or, in fesse two capons and in base three grey-hounds 
courant in pale of the third, the latter collared of the first and ringed of the 
fourth : a chief also or, and thereon on a pale of the second, between two roses 
gules a tower triple-towered argent. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. 

The original arms of Marlborough as entered in the Visitation of Wiltshire, 
1 565, are as upon the pale, namely. Azure, a tower triple-towered argent. 

Both Burke and Berry credit the town with a crest (a tower argent), and 
supporters (two hounds) ; and as the editor is led to believe that these are made 
use of, they are added to the engraving, but it must be distinctly understood 
that they are bogus, the two coats-of-arms being everything that is genuine. 

Berry adds the following note : — 

" The original Arms of Marlborough were, az. a tower triple-towered arg., 
as entered in the Visitation of the County of Wilts, taken 1565 ; as are also the 
before-mentioned Arms of Marlborough, with this note : ' These Arms are 
belonging and appertaining to the Borough, and are commonly called of the 
town and borough of Marlborough, in Wiltshire, in commemoration of the duty 
and homage heretofore said and done (time out of mind) by the burgesses and 
community to the mayor for the time being, his aldermen and brethren of the 
said town, at the receiving of the oath by any burgess by them admitted, at 
which time they do present to the mayor a leash of white greyhounds, one 
white bull, and two white capons ; in perpetual memory of which — I, Clarenceux, 
King of Arms, have ratified and confirmed the said Arms to the said borough 
and community for ever hereafter, without contradiction of any person." 

MARLBOROUGH COLLEGE. Azure, an open book proper, a chief gules 
thereon, on a pale azure between two crosses patee fitchee argent, a mitre or. 
Motto—" Virtute studio ludo." 
[Of no authority.] 



492 




MARLBOROUGH COLLEGE 



MARITZBURG, SEE OF 




MARLBOROUGH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MAROS VAZARHELY (A Royal Free Town in the Hungarian Countship of 
Maros-Torda in Transylvania). Azure, an arm in armour embowed fesswise and 
couped at the shoulder, brandishing a sword all proper, on which are transfixed 
the heart gules, and the head of a bear erased sable. (This peculiar device is 
taken from the old escutcheon of the Szekler-Nation). The shield is surmounted 
by a golden crown. 

MARSEILLES (France). Argent, a cross azure. 

MARSHAL. Refer to Earl Marshal of England, Earl Marischal of Scotland, 
Hereditary Marshal of Ireland. 

MARTIN COLLEGE. Refer to Merton College. 

MARYBOROUGH (Queen's County). (Incorporated by Queen Mary I. in the 
year 1551.) Party perfesse gules and azure, in chief two lions passant guardant 
in pale, and in base two fleurs-de-lis in fesse or. Ratified and confirmed as the 
"anciente coate-Armour"of the Borough of Maryborough, 24th November 1656, 
by Carney, Ulster King of Arms. A certificate of these arms, worded as under, 
is preserved in Ulster's Office : — 

" The Atcheiuement aboue depicted is the ancient coate Armour properly 
belonging to y'= Borough and Towne of Maryborough in the Queene's County 
which said borough or Towne continued an ancient Corporation for a long 
time. It was incorporated by Queene Mary. Whence it hath the denomination 
of Mary Borough about the third yeare of her raigne Anno 1557. By the 
name of Burgomaster three Burgesses and Commons and hath as ample and 
large priviledges as either the Towne of Drogheda or Dundalk. All which 
said coate Armour and Atcheivement I Richard Carney Esq. principall herald 
of Armes for y<^ whole Dominion of Ireland doe at the request of Capt. Henry 
Gilbert now Burgomaster of the same hereby Ratify and confirme to the said 
Burgomaster three Burgesses and Commons and theire Successours ffor ever. 
All which I have both Recorded in my oflSce and given this Certificate. 

" In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed the seale of myne office and 
subscribed my name this 24 day of November 1656." 

MARYLAND, U.S.A (State device). The figure of Justice, illuminated with 
rays of glory, her dexter hand resting upon a sword, and holding an olive- 
- branch, the sinister elevated above the head with the balance: at her feet a 
civic crown, fasces, and cornucopia, with the Motto — " Industry the Means ; 
Plenty the Result " : behind her, a ship and emblems of commerce ; the sea and 
a vessel in the distance. 



494 




MAROS VAZARHELY 




~x 



y 



MARYBOROUGH (QUEEN'S COUNTY) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MARYLEBONE, Borough of (London). Per chevron sable, and harry wavy of 
six argent and azure, in chief in the dexter a fleur-de-lis, and in the sinister a 
rose, both or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon two bars wavy argent 
and azure, between as many lilies of the first, stalked and leaved vert, a female 
figure affrontee proper, vested of the first, mantled of the second, on the left 
arm a child also proper, vested or, around the head of each a halo of the last. 
Motto — " Fiat secundum verbum tuum." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 17th August 1901.] 

MASHONALAND, See of. Argent, a saltire gules, surmounted by an anchor 
proper. 

[Of no authoritj'.] 

MASONS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 17th December 
1677). Sable, on a chevron engrailed between three antique castles argent, a 
pair of compasses expanded chevronwise of the first. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, a castle argent. Motto — " God is our Guide." (Another, " In the 
Lord is all our trust." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

MASONS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of, and see Freemasons. 

MASONS (Gateshead), THE FREE. Sable, on a chevron argent, between three 
towers or, a pair of compasses extended azure. Crest — A tower with a cupola 
or. 

[Of no authority. From the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 

MASONS' COMPANY (Saumur, France). Azure, a trowel or. 

MASONS' COMPANY (Tours, France). Sable, a trowel or. 

MASONS' COMPANY (Beaulieu, France). Azure a (.' saltire) surmounting a 
pair of compasses extended, both interlaced by a serpent in pale or. 

MASONS' COMPANY (Edinburgh). Argent, on a chevron azure between three 
towers proper, a pair of compasses extended chevronwise. 
[Not matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

MASONS' COLLEGE (Birmingham). Refer to University of Birmingiiam. 

MASQUES. Refer to "Office of Jests, Revells and Masques of our Lord the King 
in Ireland." 



496 





MARYLEBONE 



MASHONALAND, SEE OF 





MASONS' COMPANY (EDINBURGH) 



MASONS, i:OMPANY OF (LONDON) 



2 I 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MASSACHUSETTS (U.S.A.) (State device). On a rock, surrounded by the sea 
and stormy clouds clearing off; a shield, charged- with a female figure represent- 
ing America, resting her right hand upon a bow, and holding in the left an 
arrow, the point downwards ; in the dexter chief a mullet of eight points ; 
behind the shield a mainmast, and anchor bendways. Crest — On a wreath, a 
dexter arm embowed, the hand grasping a sword or cutlass. Motto — " Ense 
petit placidam sub libertate quietem." 

MASTER OF THE ORDNANCE. Refer to Ordnance, Master of. 

MASTER OF REVELS IN SCOTLAND. Refer to Revels, Master of. 

MAURITIUS. Quarterly azure and or, in the first quarter a lymphad of the last, 
in the second three palm trees eradicated vert, in the third a Icey in pale, the 
wards downwards gules, and in the last issuant from the base a pile and in chief 
a mullet argent. Supporters — (Dexter) a dodo per bend sinister embattled 
gules and argent, (sinister) a sambur deer per bend embattled argent and gules, 
each supporting a sugar-cane erect proper. Motto — "Stella clavisque maris 
indici." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 25th August 1906.] 

MAURITIUS, See of. Barry wavy of ten argent and azure, a pastoral staff and 
key in saltire, thereon an open book in the fess point between in chief a celestial 
crown and in base an anchor all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

MAWES, ST. See St Mawes. 

MAXWELLTOWN (Kirkcudbright). Has no arms. The seal has the crest of 
Maxwell of Terregles, viz., A stag lodged under a holly bush, with the Motto — 
" Reviresco." 

MAYBOLE (Ayrshire). Has no armorial bearings, but its seal displays, Or, a 
chevron between three lions rampant gules. Crest — A dolphin naiant. Motto 
— " Ad summa virtus." 



498 




MAURITIUS 




MAURITIUS, SEE OF 




MAYBOLE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MAYENCE (Germany). Argent, a cross pattee or, conjoined with two wheels gules 
bendways, a chief of the last. 

MAYENCE, Elector and Prince Archbishop of. (Arch-chancellor of the Holy 
Roman Empire.) Gules, a wheel of six spokes argent. Crest — On a princely 
hat of crimson turned up ermine, a wheel argent as in the arms. 

MAYO, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

MEATH, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

MEATH, See of. Sable, three mitres argent, labelled or. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct, and its present use 
is illegal.] 

MECHLIN (Belgium). Paly of six gules and or per fesse counterchanged. 



500 





MAYENCE, CITY OF 



MECHLIN 




MEATH, SEE OF 



e 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN, Grand Duchy of. Quarterly: i, or, a bull's 
head and neck erased sable, langued gules, armed argent, and crowned of the 
field (Mecklenburg) ; 2, azure, a griffin or (Rostock) ; 3, per fesse in chief azure 
a griffin or, in base vert, a bordure argent (Schwerin) ; 4, gules, a cross couped 
argent, crowned or (Ratzeburg) ; 5, gules, a lady's dexter arm embowed issuing 
from the sinister side of the holding in the hand a ring (Stargard) ; 6, or, a bull's 
head caboshed sable, langued gules, armed argent, crowned of the field (Wenden), 
over all on an inescutcheon the arms of Schwerin, viz., per fess gules and or. 
Crests — I, out of a crown five pales conjoined sable or, gules, argent and azure, 
and issuing therefrom a plume of peacock feathers, and lying between th 
feathers and the pales an escutcheon of Mecklenburg ; 2, out of a crown or, two 
horns per fesse of the last and gules (Schwerin) ; 3, out of a crown or, two wings, 
the one gold, the other azure (Rostock); 4, out of a crown a demi-griffin or 
(Schwerin); S, out of a crown seven banners gules (Ratzeburg). Supporters — 
(Dexter) a bull sable, armed argent ; (sinister) a griffin or. Motto — " Per aspera 
ad astra." 

MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ, Grand Duchy of. The same arms and crests 
and supporters as the foregoing. 

MELANESIA, See of (New Zealand). Azure, a Passion Cross or, in chief three 
estoiles, one and two of the second. 
[Of no authority.] 

MELBOURNE, University of See University of Melbourne, Australia. 

MELBOURNE, See of (Australia). Azure, on a chevron argent, between in chief 
a crozier and a palmer's staff and scrip paleways, and in base four stars of eight 
points in cross of the second, an open book proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

MELBOURNE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHDIOCESE (Australia). Per fesse 
azure and argent, in chief four estoiles argent ; in base a crosier bendways 
behind an open book which supports a heart inflamed proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

MELCOMBE REGIS. See Weymouth. 



joa 




MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN 





MELANESIA, SEE OF 



MELBOURNE, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MELROSE (Co. Roxburgh). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
Those upon the seal are " Azure, a hind's or lamb's head erased from which 
issues the head of a bishop's crosier, in chief on the dexter side a mason's ' mell ' 
{i.e. a mallet), and on the sinister a rose." The use of the device of the mel and 
the rose dates back to 1505. 

MERCERS' COMPANY (The Wardens and Commonalty of the Mystery of 
Mercers of the City of London). Gules, issuant from a bank of clouds a figure 
of the Virgin, couped at the shoulders proper, vested in a crimson robe adorned 
with gold, the neck encircled by a jewelled necklace, crined or, and wreathed 
about the temples with a chaplet of roses alternately argent and of the first, and 
crowned with a celestial crown, the whole within a bordure of clouds also proper. 
Crest— On a wreath of the colours issuant from a bank of clouds proper, a figure 
of the Virgin as in the arms. Motto—" Honor Deo." 

[Arms granted 1568 ; confirmed at the Visitation of the City of London by 
Henry St George, Richmond Herald, in 1634. Arms confirmed and crest granted, 
College of Arms, September 18, 191 1-] 

MERCERS' COMPANY (Durham). The banner of St Cuthbert, thereon the 
arms of the Company of Mercers of London. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

MERCHANTS AND MERCHANTS ADVENTURERS. Refer to Edin- 
burgh, Company of Merchants in, French Merchants, Levant Merchants, Russia 
Merchants, Spanish Merchants, Staple Merchants, Summer Islands Merchants, 
Virginia Merchants, West India Merchants, Adventurers (New), Adventurers 
(Hambrough), Bristol Merchants' Adventurers. 

MERCHANT ADVENTURERS TRADING TO FRANCE (Exeter). (Incor- 
porated 4th May 1556.) Azure, a tower triple-towered or, standing on waves 
of the sea in base proper, in chief two ducal coronets of the second. Motto — 
" Deo duce fortuna comitante." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

MERCHANTS' GUILD, Dublin (sometimes called the Trinity Guild). [Charter 
30 June, 29 Henry VI. Incorporated by the name of Master and Wardens, 
Brethren and Sisters of the fraternity or Guild of the Arts and Mystery of 
Merchants of the City of Dublin.] Azure, two bars wavy or, in chief a lion 
passant guardant between a harp or and a castle argent. Crest— On a wreath 
of the colours, a ship under sail proper. Motto — " Deo aspirante." Supported 
on cither side with a flying horse or, morally gorged azure. 
[Granted by Richard Carney, Ulster, April 7, 1684.] 

MERCHANTS HOUSE OF GLASGOW. Refer to Glasgow. 



504 




MELROSE 




MERCERS' COMPANY 



 THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MERCHANT TAYLORS, The Worshipful Company of, "London. (Incor- 
porated loth March 1326.) Argent, a Tent Royal between two Parliament robes 
purpure, lined ermine, the tent garnished or, tent-staff, of the la'st, on a chief 
azure, a lion passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a 'mount 
vert, thereon a lamb passant argent, all within a glory or. Supporters — Two 
camels or. Motto — " Concordia parvse res crescunt." 

' [Arms granted by Sir Thomas Holme, 1480 ; confirmed by Sir Thomas 
Wriothesley, 1530 ; crest and supporters granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 
23rd December 1586. Grants printed "Memorials of the Guild of Merchant 
Taylors." The blazon in the original grant is : " Argent, a pavillion with two 
mantles imperial purple garnished with gold, on a chief azure, a lion passant 
or" ; but the lion is certainly painted as "passant guardant."] 

MERCHANT TAYLORS' SCHOOL. This school, which is the property of 
the Merchant Taylors' Company and entirely controlled by them, very properly 
uses the armorial bearings of the Company, though for school purposes 
the crest of the company is most frequently made use of Motto — " Homo 
plantat, homo irrigat sed Deus dat incrementum." 

MERCHANT TAYLORS, Company of (Exeter). Argent, a tent sable, the top 
purpure, pole or, between in fess two robes purpure, lined ermine, on a chief 
azure, a pascal lamb argent, between two sun -bursts proper, each surmounted by 
a steeple argent, triple crowned or. Crest-rln a teiit as in the arms, a lion 
couchant or. Supporters — Two dromedaries proper, each bridled and the line 
reflected over the back or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

MERCHISTON CASTLE SCHOOL (Edinburgh). Has no armorial bearings. 
Those in use are. Argent, a saltire engrailed between four roses gules. Crest — A 
hand proper, holding a crescent or. Motto — " Ready, aye ready." 
[These, of course, are the arms of Napier of Merchiston.] 

MERIONETHSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council displays . . . three goats rampant, two and one ; from the de.xter base 
the sun in his splendour issuant. Motto — " Tra mor trameirion." 

MERTHYR-TYDFIL (Glamorganshire). Azure, a representation of the figure 
of St Tydfil and in chief two crosses pattee fitchee, all or. Motto—" NiD CADARN 
OND BRODYRDDE." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1908.] 



506 




MERCHANT TAYLORS, COMPANY OF 




MERTHYR-TYDFIL 



MERCHISTON CASTLE SCHOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MERTON COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded 1274, by Walter de Merton, first Lord 
Chancellor of England, and afterwards Bishop of Rochester.) Or, three 
chevronels per pale, the first and third azure and gules, the second gules and 
azure. 

[The above arms are recorded in the College of Arms, Visitation of Oxford, 
1574, but those in use according to the University Calendar are the arms of the 
See of Rochester, impaling those of Merton as above.] 

MESSINA (Italy). Gules, a cross or. 

METROPOLITAN ASYLUMS BOARD (London). Argent, on a cross gules, 
the rod of yEsculapius or, a bordure engrailed sable. Crest — Issuant from a 
celestial crown gules, a demi-figure representing St Luke or. Supporters — On 
the dexter side, an eagle, the wings elevated erminois gorged with a collar com- 
posed of roses alternately gules and argent ; and on the sinister side a dragon 
pean gorged with a collar, affixed thereto a chain reflexed over the back or. 
Motto — " Miseris succurrere disco." 

[Granted. College of Arms, 1914.] 



S08 







MERTON COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



MESSINA 




METROPOLITAN ASYLUMS BOARD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

METROPOLITAN LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY (London). (Established 
1835.) Or, on a mount vert, a female figure proper, vested argent, mantle azure, 
the right arm extended and entwined by a serpent, holding in the left hand a 
human skull, both also proper, a chief also azure, thereon a pallet ermine, 
charged with a dagger erect gules between two portcullises with chains or 
Motto — "True faith, true policy." 

[Granted, College of Arms, August 18, 1885.] 

METZ (Germany). Per pale argent and sable. 

MEXICO. Argent, upon a rock issuant from the sea in base, the nopal or tuna 
plant, thereon an eagle in full aspect, wings expanded holding in the beak a 
snake or serpent all proper. 

MICHAEL HOUSE (Cambridge). Azure, the figure of St Michael overcoming 
the serpent. 

[Of no authority.] 



510 




METZ (GERMANY) 



METROPOLITAN LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY 





MICHAEL HOUSE (CAMBRIDGE) 



MEXICO 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MID-CHINA, See of (now known as Chekiang). Azure, on a fesse wavy argent, 
out of which in chief emerges the rising sun, a dove volant, holding in its beak 
a sprig of olive proper, in base a pastoral staff and key in saltire or. 
[Of no authority.] 

MIDDLEHAM, College of. Crockford gives the following arms : — " Qrly. i and 4 
England, 2 France, ancient 3 Ireland." 

Needless to say they are quite spurious. 

MIDDLESBROUGH, Borough of (Yorkshire). Argent, a Hon rampant azure, 
on a chief sable, three ships in full sail or, sails of the first. Cirst — On a mural 
crown or, charged with three anchors erect sable, a lion passant azure. Motto — 
" Erimus." 

[Granted, College of Arms, November 8, 191 1.] 

MIDDLESEX, County of. Gules, three seaxes fessewise points to the sinister 
proper, in the centre chief point a Saxon Crown. 
[Granted, College of Arms, Nov. 1910.] 

MIDDLE TEMPLE (London). Argent, on a cross gules, a paschal lamb or, 
carrying a banner argent, charged with a cross gules. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms, but the legal effect of the record which 
exists is open to doubt.] 



512 





MID-CHINA, SEE OF 



MIDDLESBROUGH 





MIDDLE TEMPLE 



MIDDLESEX 



2K 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MIDDLETON (Lancashire). Quarterly per pale nebuly gules and argent, on a 
fesse ermine, between a cross patonce of the second in the first quarter, a mullet 
sable pierced of the field in the second, a silkworm moth volant in the third, and 
a rock in base, thereon a stork in the fourth, three sprigs of the cotton-tree slipped 
and fructed, all proper. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon 
a mount vert, between two boars' heads erect and couped sable, a tower proper, 
suspended therefrom by a riband gules, an escutcheon or, charged with a lion 
passant also gules. Motto — " Fortis in Arduis." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 28th January 1887.] 

MIDLETON (Co. Cork). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
Lewis's " Topographical Dictionary," however, gives " Argent on a chief vert, 
two spear-heads of the first, the points embrued gules." These are, of course, the 
arms of Brodrick, Lords Midleton. 

MIDLOTHIAN. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County Council 
shows an escutcheon of the Royal Arms of Scotland. 

MILAN (Italy). Argent, a cross gules. 

MILAN, Duchy of. Argent, a serpent ondoyant in pale azure, crowned gules, 
devouring a child of the last. 

MILBOURNEPORT (Somerset). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's " General 

Armory " quotes the following, though with no colours mentioned: — "A lion 
pass, guard." 

MILITARY SOCIETY. Gules, a regal crown proper, on a chief argent, the cross 
of St George. Crest — On a prince's coronet or, a cubit arm in armour argent, 
holding in the gauntlet a tilting spear proper, thereon a banner gules, charged 
with the motto " Ich dien " or. Supporters — Two war horses argent, completely 
accoutred gules, on the head a skull plate, with a spike in each, armour for the 
neck, etc., all azure, on each head a plume of three feathers gules. Motto — 
" Floreat vigeatque corona." 

[College of Arms. Gtd. by Borough, Garter, 1639. Refer to Warlicke 
'Society, where is a different blazon of the same coat-of-arms.] 

MILLENERS' COMPANY. An ancient name for the Haberdashers' Company, 
to which refer. 



514 




MIDDLETON (LANCASHIRE) 




MIDLETON (CO. CORK) 





MILAN (ITALY) 



MILAN, DUCHY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MILL HILL SCHOOL. Argent, a cross gules, on a chief azure three mullets 
or. Motto — " Et virtutem at musas." 
[Of no authority.] 

MILNGAVIE. Has no armorial bearings. Its seal, which is not of a definitely 
heraldic character, has a very efTective design of a cross moline and escallops. 

MILLPORT (Buteshire). Has no arms. Those upon the seal are: Argent, on a 
chevron between three escallops reversed as many mullets. Motto — " Altiora 
videnda." 

[Of no authority.] 

MILTON AND GRAVESEND. See Gravesend. 

MINE ADVENTURERS. Refer to Miners Royal. 

MINE ADVENTURERS OF ENGLAND, The Governor and Company of. 

(Incorporated 1704.) Argent, on a chevron azure, surmounted with the badge 
of the Principality of Wales, between three pigs of lead palevvays, a plate ol 
silver money impressed with the queen's head and circumscribed, " Anna Dei 
gratia," between two ingots of copper bendways dexter and sinister all proper. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a Justice proper in a robe azure, crowned with 
an Eastern crown and crined or, in her right hand a balance gold and in her left 
a sword erect argent, hilt and pommel or. Supporters — Two miners proper, in red 
waistcoats, white drawers and neckcloths, their caps azure, hose and shoes sable, 
the one holding in his dexter hand a sledge and the other in his left hand a 
pick-axe, both proper. Motto — " The Mine Adventurers of England." 
[College of Arms. Gts., v. 155.] 

MINERAL AND BATTERY WORKS, Society of (London). (Incorporated 
28th May 1568.) Azure, on a mount vert, a square brazen pillar, supported on 
the dexter by a lion rampant reguardant, and on the sinister by a dragon 
segreant, both or, in chief, on the top of the pillar a bundle of wire tied and 
bound together of the last, between a bezant on the dexter side and a plate on 
the sinister. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, two arms embowed proper both 
hands holding a calamine stone argent spotted with red, yellow, and blue 
Supporters — Two emblematical figures, viz., the dexter a female proper repre- 
senting Science, vested in a short bodice, coat, rufT, etc., argent (being the dress 
of the ladies in the reign of Elizabeth), in her dexter hand a pair of compasses, 
and on her head a crescent both or, crined of the last ; the sinister figure, an 
old man proper representing Labour, vested in a long frock, turned up over his 
elbows argent in his sinister hand a hammer or. 
[College of Arms. Dethick's Gifts, 25.] 




MILL HILL SCHOOL 




VTOj^ 



MILLPORT 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MINERS ROYAL, OR MINE ADVENTURERS COMPANY (London). 
(Incorporated 22nd May 1568.) Argent, a mine open of earth colour, the 
upper part variegated with various shrubs vert, within the mine a miner proper 
vested sable, on his head a cap argent round his body a belt of the last, and in 
the attitude of working the dexter side of the mine witli two hammers, on the 
sinister side a candle argent lighted proper in a candlestick azure fixed in the 
mine, on a chief brown, a square plate or, between a bezant on the dexter and 
a plate on the sinister. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi miner 
proper vested and capped, as in the arms, holding in his dexter hand a pointed 
spade erect argent between two hammers in saltire, and in his sinister hand a 
compass. Supporters — The' dexter, a miner, his face, legs, and arms of a 
brownish colour, vested in a frock argent, tied above his knees as at work, cap 
and shoes of the last, holding in his dexter hand erect a hammer azure handled 
proper ; the sinister supporter, another miner proper, cap, frock, and shoes 
argent, the frock loose and down to his ankles, in his sinister hand a fork azure 
handled proper. 

[Recorded in College of Arms. Dethick's Gifts, 17/^.] 

MODENA (Duchy of). Azure, an eagle displayed argent, crowned or. 

MOFFAT. Has no armorial bearings. Its seal displays the Johnstone crest of 
the winged spur, with the Motto — " Nunquam non paratus." 

MOLDAVIA. Refer to Roumania. 

MONACO. Fusilly argent and gules. Supporters — Two monks vested in long 
robes sable, mantles argent, each holding a sword all proper. Crest — Out of a 
marquis's coronet or, a fleur-de-lis of the last, between two branches, viz., on the 
dexter, a palm, on the sinister, a laurel, both proper. Motto^-" Deo juvante." 
[These are the family arms of Grimaldi, Princes of Monaco.] 

MONAGHAN, County of. Has no armorial bearings. 

MONAGHAN (Co. Monaghan). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. Upon a sheet of Irish arms published by Marcus Ward & Company, 
Limited, the following are given: — "Azure, the base masoned and embattled, 
therefrom rising a tower all argent, and perched thereon a martlet or." 

MONIFIETH (Co. Forfar). Has no arms. The seal represents the banner of 
Scotland surcharged with an escutcheon upon which in a landscape field is a 
stag trippant. Motto—" Vis unita fortior." 

MOh^MOUTHSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

MONMOUTH. Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents an ancient ship, 
but Burke's "General Armory" gives the arms, "Azure, three chevronels or 
over all a fesse gules." 

518 




MONACO 





MONAGHAN (CO. MONAGHAN) 



MONMOUTH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MONTENEGRO. Gules, a double-headed eagle displayed argent crowned or, and 
holding sceptre and orb ; on its breast an escucheon azure, in base a mount 
vert, thereon a lion passant or. 

MONTFORT AND FELDKIRCH, County of. Argent, a gonfanon gules, its 
rings or. 

MONTGOMERY (Montgomeryshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents an escutcheon, and thereon two keys in saltire and endorsed ; and 
these are usually supposed to be the arms of the Borough. The legend is, " Sig. 
Balivorum et Burgensium Mountgomery." 

Berry and Burke add a note, " By some of the Arms of the Town are 
represented to be az. a lion ramp, or, within a bordure of the last." 

MONTGOMERYSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Those which have been 
adopted for display upon the seal of the County Council are, " Or, a lion rampant 
gules," with the Motto— "Vo^ys Paradwys Cymry." The arms are those 
attributed to Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Powys, A.D. 1046. 

MONTREAL, See of (Canada). Azure, a pastoral staff and key in saltire or, 
surmounted by an open book in the fesse point between in chief a star of six 
points, and in base an anchor argent. 
[Of no authority.] 



520 




MONTENEGRO 




MONTGOMERY 




MONTGOMERYSHIRE 




MONTREAL, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MONTROSE (Forfarshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows :—" The 
Royal Burgh of Montrose gives for Ensignes A i-mortall— Argent a rose gules. 
The shield adorned with helmet, mantling, and wreath suteable thereto. And 
for a Crest — A hand issuing from a cloud and reaching down a garland of roses 
proper, supported by two mermaids aryseing from the sea proper. The Motto 
— Mare ditat Rosa decorat. And for a revers, Gules, St Peter on the cross 
proper, with the keys hanging at his girdle or. Which Arms, &c., Ext. 
December i6, 1694." 

MONTSERRAT. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

MOOSONEE, See of (Canada). Per fesse, in chief azure, the aurora borealis, in 
base on waves in front of two islands each bearing a pine tree a canoe manned 
by three rowers all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

MORAVIA. Refer to Austria. 

MORAY, See of Azure, St Giles mitred, standing within a church porch holding 
in his dexter hand a cross and in the sinister a book all proper. 
[These arms were never matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

MORAY, ROSS AND CAITHNESS, Bishop of. According to Crockford the 
arms in use are divided per fesse and the chief per pale, in the dexter chief the 
arms of the See of Moray (to which refer), in the sinister chief the arms of the 
See of Ross (to which refer), and in base the arms of Caithness. This device is, 
of course, quite unauthorised. 



522 




MONTROSE 





MOOSONEE, SEE OF 



MORAY, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MORDEN COLLEGE, OR HOSPITAL (Blackheath). Argent a fleur-de-lis 
gules on a canton argent a sinister hand couped of the second, for the distinction 
of baronet, impaling azure two swords in saltire argent hilt and pommel or, 
within a border engrailed of the third. Crest — A lion rampant gules. 
[Of no authority.] 

MORLEY (Yorkshire). Argent, on a fesse gules, between a sprig of the cotton- 
tree slipped, fructed, and leaved proper between two pellets in chief, and a pickaxe 
surmounted by a spade in saltire in base sable, a shuttle fessewise or, thread 
pendant of the first ; and for the Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, in front 
of a ram's head couped argent, a shuttle fessewise proper, thread pendant, also 
argent. Motto — " Industria omnia vincit." 

[Granted, College of Arms, gth August 1887.] 

MOROCCO. Vert, three decrescents argent. 



524 




MORDEN COLLEGE 





fnoosTRiR-omniP 
MO RLE Y 



MOROCCO 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MORPETH (Northumberland). Barry (of ten) argent and gules, a tower triple- 
towered or, a bordure azure, charged with eight martlets of the third. Motto — 
" Inter sylvas et flumina habitans." 

The original Grant, of which the following is a copy, is still in the possession 
of the Corporation of Morpeth, and clearly explains the origin of the arms : — 

"To all and Singuler aswell kinges heraldes and offycers of Armes as 
nobles Gentyllmen, and others which These presentes shall see or here, I wyllm 
Hervy esquyere otherwyse called Norrey principal! herald and kinge of Armes 
of the Northe partyes of this realme of Englonde, Sendyth Due comendac'ons 
and gretynge. fforeasmoche as Aunciently frome the begynnynge the Re- 
nowne of Auncient Cetys and Townes corporate hathe bene comendyd to the 
worlde by the good Decertes and lawdable actes and costomes of the Inhabi- 
tantes of the Same. Emonge the which I the sa}'de Norrey kinge of armes 
notte Specyally at this presente The good worshipful and well Dysposed 
p'sones the Baylyffe and Burgesses of the towne of Morpathe in the Countye 
of Northumbrlonde hathe well and worshipfully guyded and behaued them 
selfes in all humble obedyence towardes the kinges Ma'° fifrom the begynnynge, 
wherby they haue well meryted and decerned to Receyue the Signes and tokens 
in Shyldes called Armes. In consyderac'on wherof at the gentell request of the 
sayde Baylyffe and Burgesses, I haue asigned unto them Armes and blason mete 
and convenyent for a further Demonstrac'on and declarac'on of theyr honest be- 
havyour and Demenure towardes theyre prince and countrey. And further 
hauynge knowlege of credyble p'sones of theyre tyrst fowndac'on I could nott 
w'owt grett Iniury of theyre fyrst fownder The noble and valyaunt knyght Sir 
Roger De Marlay assigne unto them any other Armes Then a p'cell of his 
Armes for a p'petuall memory of his good wyll and benevolence towardes the 
sayde Towne so well begon and so longe contynued, which were to his 
preiudyce to haue it forgotten and brought in to oblyvyon. In con- 
syderac'on wherof I the sayde Norrey Kynge of Armes in mann' and forme 
abouesayde by power and auctoryte of myn office annexed and graunted by the 
kinges maiestes Letters patentes under his gret Seale haue geuen and graunted 
Ratyfied and confyrmed unto the sayde Baylyffe and Burgesses of the Towne of 
Morpath in the countj-e of Northumbrelond, and to theyre Successours for 
eu'more. The olde and Auncient armes of the sayde Sir Roger Marlaye Thereon 
a castell golde for the augmentac'on for a further Declarac'on of theyre wor- 
shipfull behavyour and goode decertes so well be gone and long contynewed. 
As more plavnly aperyth by the pycture therof in this m'gent. To haue and to 
holde to the sayde Baylyffes and Burgesses of y'' towne of Morpathe and to 
theyre Successours, And they it to use and enjoye to their worshypes for 
euermore w'owt Impedyment lett or interupcyon of any p'son. 

" In wytnes wherof I the sayde Norrey kinge of Armes haue Signed 
these presentes w' my hande and sett thervnto The Seale of myn offyce and the 
Seale of myn Armes. Geuen the xx" Day of Maye, in Anno Dni 1552, and in 
the yere of owr Souereigne Lorde Edwarde the vj"' by the grace of god 
kynge of Englonde, ffraunce and Yrlonde Defender of the fayth and in yerth 
under criste of Englonde and Yrlonde the Supreame hedd the Sixth yere. 
P'me Willm Hervy als Norrey Roy d'armes." 

526 



^ ^ t^ 




MORPETH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
MOSCOW MERCHANTS. Refer to Russia Merchants. 

MOSCOW (Russia). Gules, the figure of St George on horsebacli slaying a dragon 
with a spear, all proper. 

MOSSLEY (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings. 

MOTHERWELL. Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows a railway bridge, 
thereon a train and below a pit-head. In the centre on a shield, supported on 
the dexter side by Vulcan with his hammer in a provocative attitude, is a repre- 
sentation of the Town Hall. 

MUCH WENLOCK (Shropshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which 
was recorded at the visitations, represents a triple canopy, the centre com- 
partment being occupied by the figure of a saint crowned with a nimbus, seated 
and supporting a crucifix ; on the dexter side is a figure crowned with a 
coronet, and holding a crosier in the sinister hand, and on the sinister is the 
figure of St George trampling on the dragon, though the engraver has made 
the holy saint left-handed, representing him as holding a sword in his left hand 
and his shield on his right arm. At the base of the seal are three escutcheons, 
the centre one charged with a lion rampant, the dexter with a stag trippant, 
and the sinister with a chevron between three blackamoors' heads. This last 
represents the arms of the ancient family of Wenlock of Wenlock, now extinct 
it is believed in the male line, but represented by Lord Wenlock, who is entitled 
(so the editor believes) to quarter these arms. They are suspended from the 
collars of his supporters. A smaller seal represents the letters W.E.N. , and a 
fetter-lock, i.e. Wen-lock. 

MULHAUSEN (Germany). Argent, a mill-wheel gules. 

MULLINGAR (Co. Westraeath). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Qfifice. The coat attributed to the town in the sheet of Irish arms published 
by Marcus Ward & Co., Ltd., the design of which is taken, I believe, from the 
seal, is beyond my powers to blazon. 

MUNCHEN. Refer to Munich. 

MUNICH. Or, a boy monk habited in a robe sable, trimmed with fur argent, about 
his head a nimbus gules, his dexter hand raised in benediction and holding in 
his sinister a book also gules. 

MUNSTER, Bishopric of. Quarterly of six, three and three: first and sixth, per 
fesse argent and gules on the fesse line, three birds issuant to the sinister sable 
(for Stromberg) ; second and fifth, azure a fesse or (for Munster) ; third and 
fourth (Borkelo) ; over all an escocheon argent. 

MUNSTER, Province of (Ireland). Azure, three antique crowns or. 
[Recorded in Ulster's Office.] 

528 





MOSCOW 



MULHAUSEN 





MUNSTER, PROVINCE OF 



MUNICH 



2L 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

MURLO (Province of Siena, Tuscany). Gules, on a mount in base vert, a castle 
argent, and either side thereof a mouse climbing proper. 

MUSCOVY MERCHANTS. Refer to Russia Merchants. 

MUSES, Academy of. Refer to Academy of the Muses. 

MUSIC, Trinity College of. Refer to Trinity College of Music. 

MUSICIANS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 9th 
Edward IV.) Azure, a swan with wings expanded argent, within a double 
tressure flory counterflory or, on a chief gules, a pale between two lions 
passant guardant or, thereon a rose of the fourth, seeded of the third, barbed vert. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a lyre or. Motto — " Harmonj'." 
[Granted by William Camden, Clarenceux, October 1604.] 

MUSSELBURGH (Midlothian). The "Honest Town" of Musselburgh's arms are 
azure, three anchors in pale, one in chief and two in the flanks or, accompanied 
with as many mussels, two in the dexter and sinister chief points and the third 
in base proper. In an escroll above the shield this Motto — " Honesty." 
Matriculated in Lyon Register, 2nd October 1771. Signed R. Boswell, 
Lyon Dep. 

The seal, which has the legend, " Sigillum commune de Musselburgi," 
shows the above arms, and in addition has for a crest a skeleton, a mantle flying 
from his shoulders, on his sinister arm an escutcheon charged with a cross, 
holding in his dexter hand a spear which he is piercing through a dragon over- 
turned at his feet. The motto is here rendered " Honestas." 



530 




MURLO 





MUSSELBURGH 



MUSICIANS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NAAS (Co. Kildare). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
Those it appears to be credited with are argent, a serpent erect proper. Motto — 
" Prudens ut serpens." 

NAGPUR, See of (India). Argent, a cross calvary and in base a snake nowed. 
[Of no authority.] 

NAIRNSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County Council 
exhibits four crests, and in explanation of these the clerk to the County Council 
writes as follows : — 

"County Clerk's Office, Nairn, 14th August 1893. — Dear Sir, — I duly 
received your letter of the 4th, and I now enclose an impression of the Seal of 
the Nairn County Council. The Eagle is the Crest of Major Rose of Kilravock, 
Lord-Lieutenant of the County, the Swan that of the Earl of Cawdor, the Hand 
with three arrows that of Brodie of Brodie, and the Boar's Head that of the late 
General Baillie of Lochloy. The Families of Kilravock, Cawdor, and Brodie 
have been intimately identified with the history of the County for the last six 
centuries or more, and it was chiefly on this account that the Seal took its form. 
General Baillie being the first Convener of the County under the Local 
Government Act, it was thought appropriate that his Crest should also appear 
on the Seal. — Yours faithfully, (Signed) H. T. DONALDSON." 

NAIRN (Nairnshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
represents the full-length figure of a saint vested and crowned with a nimbus, 
holding in his dexter hand a staff terminating in a cross, and in his sinister an 
open book. The legend is " Sigillum commune burgi de Nairne." 

NANCY (France). Per fesse or and argent, in chief on a bend gules, three alerions 
argent, in base a thistle slipped, leaved, and flowered proper. 

NANTES (France). Gules, on waves of the sea in base proper, a three-masted 
ship, sails furled all proper, a chief ermine. 



532 




NAAS 




NAGPUR, SEE OF 








NANCY 



NANTES 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NAPLES, City of (Italy). Per fesse or and gules. 

[The former Kings of Naples bore " azure, seme-de-lis or, a label of three 
points gules.] 

NASSAU, See of (West Indies). Argent, a landscape, in base on a rock, an open 
Bible at the foot of an lona cross : behind it the open sea, thereon a ship sailing 
to the sinister and a palm-covered land. [E.x. Woodward.] Gules, an lona cross 
proper, on a chief dancette or, on a pale azure between two palm trees proper, 
a ship. 

[Both of no authority.] 

NATAL, Colony of (South Africa). Azure, in front of mountains, and on a plain 
two black wildebeesten in full course at random, all proper. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, i6th May 1907.] 



534 




.^A. 



Aa cA 



<%> ^ ^ 




NAPLES, KINGDOM OF 



NAPLES, CITY OF 





NATAL (COLONY OF) 



NASSAU, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NATAL, Province of (Union of South Africa). Or, two black wildebeesten in 
full course at random, both proper. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 4th May 191 1.] 

NATAL, See of. Gules, a saltire and in chief a star of six points argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

NATIONAL BANK OF SCOTLAND. Or, the image of St Andrew with vesture 
vert and surcoat purpure, bearing before it the cross of his martyrdom argent, 
all resting on a base of the second, in the dexter flank a garb gules, in the 
sinister a ship in full sail sable, the shield surrounded with two thistles proper 
disposed in orle, and crossing each other at foot and top with this motto upon 
an escroll, which may be placed either above or below the shield as convenient, 
"In patriam fidelis." [Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1826.] These arms were 
rematriculated with crest and supporters, i/th April 1913, in the following 
terms : — " Or, the apostle St Andrew habited in his robes purpure, and vested 
vert, bearing before him the cross of his martyrdom argent, the cross and feet 
resting upon a champagne of the third, in the dexter flank a garb gules, and in 
the sinister a ship under full sail sable, the shield surrounded with two thistles 
proper, disposed in orle. Mantling — Sable, doubled or. Crest— U'pon a wreath 
of the liveries, the Star of the Order of the Thistle proper. Motto — " In patriam 
fidelis." Supporters — Two lions rampant gules, armed and langued azure. 

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND. See University of Ireland. 



536 




NATAL, PROVINCE OF 




NATAL, SEE OF 




NATIONAL BANK OF SCOTLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NAVAN (Co. Meath). Azure, out of clouds in base a naked arm couped at the 
elbow erect in pale, holding in the hand a human heart all proper ; between on 
the dexter an Irish harp or, and on the sinister a rose argent slipped and 
leaved vert, both in fesse, in chief the royal crown gold. 
[Registered in Ulster's Office.] 

NAVARRE. Refer to France, King of. 

NAVIGATION, The Art of. Gules, a cross between four ships argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

NAVY OFFICE. The seal represents an anchor in pale between two small anchors 
erect, within the beam and fluke, with this Motto, " Sigillum Officii Navalis." 

NEATH (Glamorganshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
tower, etc. 

NEEDLEMAKERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 
loth November 1656.) Azure (? Vert), three needles in fesse argent, each 
ducally crowned or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a Moor's head couped 
at the shoulders, in profile proper, wreathed about the temples argent and gules, 
vested round the shoulders argent, in his ear a pearl. Supporters — (Dexter) a 
man, (sinister) a woman, both proper and each wreathed round the waist with 
leaves of the last, in the woman's dexter hand a needle argent. Motto — " They 
sewed fig-leaves together and made themselves aprons." 

[The supporters are usually called Adam and Eve, and the original crest 
was a tree proper. The arms are of no authority.] 

NELSON, Borough of (Lancashire). Azure, on a chevron argent, between two 
sprigs of the cotton-tree slipped and fructed in chief and a fleece in base or, 
two reed-hooks chevronwise proper. Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, upon 
a shuttle fessewise or, a cock gules, holding in the beak a sprig of the cotton- 
tree slipped and fructed proper. Motto — " By industry and integrity." 

Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knight, Garter Principal King of 
Arms, Walter Aston Blount, Clarenceux King of Arms, George E. Cokayne, 
Norroy King of Arms, sth May 1891. 



538 




NAVAN 




NELSON 




NEEDLEMAKERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NELSON (New Zealand), See of. Or, a calvary cross azure, on a canton of the 
second, three stars of six points argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

NETHERLANDS, Kingdom of. Azure, seme of billets, a lion rampant crowned 
or, holding in its dexter paw a naked sword, and in the sinister a bundle of 
arrows proper. Supporters — Two lions guardant crowned or. Motto — "Je 
maintiendrai." 

NEUCHAtEL (Switzerland). Tierced in pale vert, argent and gules, in the 
sinister chief point a cross couped of the second. 

NEVIS. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

NEW ADVENTURERS. Refer to Adventurers. 



S40 





■^■^^■■B 

* 



NEUCHATEL 



NELSON (NEW ZEALAND), SEE OF 




NETHERLANDS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NEW BRUNSWICK, Province of (Dominion of Canada). Or, on waves a 
lymphad with oars in action proper, on a cliief gules a lion passant guardant or. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant.] 

NEW COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in 1 379 by William de Wykeham, Bishop of 
Winchester and Lord Chancellor of England.) Argent, two chevronels sable, 
between three roses gules, seeded or, barbed vert. Motto—" Manners makyth 
man." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of Oxford, 

IS 74-] 

NEW GALLOWAY (Wigtownshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The Town-Clerk forwarded an engraved representation of the following arms. 
It is a pity they are not matriculated, because in their present form they are 
absolutely unique. Gules, on a cross couped argent, the upper part thereof enfiled 
with a coronet showing nine small pearls upon the rim, a boar's head erased 
proper, above the escutcheon is placed a peer's helmet and a lambrequin, and 
thereupon on a wreath a boar's head erased, as in the arms for a Crest. Above 
the Crest appears another coronet, also as in the arms. For Supp07-tcrs — On the 
dexter side a savage wreathed about the head and waist with laurel, and holding 
over his exterior shoulder a club all proper, and on the sinister side a ram also 
proper. Motto — " Cruce crescimus." The legend upon the seal is " Sigillum 
commune burgi Gallouidise." 

NEW GUINEA. Refer to British New Guinea. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, U.S.A. (State Device.) A dock-yard, with a ship on the 
stocks, the sun rising from the ocean. 

NEW INN, or OUR LADY'S INN. Vert, a flowerpot argent, with gilliflowers 
gules, leaved vert. 

[Of no authority.] 



542 





NEW BRUNSWICK 



NEW COLLEGE (OXFORD) 




NEW GALLOWAY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
NEW INN HALL (Oxford). Has no arms. 

NEW JERSEY, U.S.A. (State Device.) A shield, charged with three ploughs in 
pale. Crest — On a wreath, the head of a horse couped ; supported on the 
dexter side by the figure of Liberty, and on the sinister by that of Plenty. 

NEW ROMNEY. See Romney. 

NEW ROSS or ROSS (Co. Wexford). Has no armorial bearings registered in 
Ulster's Office. Both the seals represent on a bridge of five arches over water 
a stag and a greyhound in full course towards the sinister, the dog with its head 
regardant biting at the neck of the stag. The device is not unlike that of 
Clonmel. 

NEW SOUTH WALES (Commonwealth of Australia). Azure, a cross argent, 
voided gules, charged in the centre point with a lion passant guardant, and 
on each member with a mullet of eight points or, between in the first and 
fourth quarters a fleece of the last banded of the second, and in the second and 
third quarters a garb also or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a rising sun, 
each ray tagged with a flame of fire proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a lion 
rampant guardant, (sinister) a kangaroo, both or. Motto — " Orta recens quam 
pura nites." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, nth October 1906. Refer to Australia. 
The old bogus coat argent, on a cross gules, a lion passant guardant between 
four eight-pointed stars, now incorporated in the arms of Australia, is the device 
used upon the Union flag by the Governor.] 

NEW WESTMINSTER, See of (Canada). Azure, a cross flory between five 
martlets or, on a chief dancetty or, between two roses gules, a pale ermine, 
thereon a mitre proper. 
[Of no authorit)'.] 

NEW YORK, City of (U.S.A.). Argent, the sails of a windmill in saltire between 
two beavers passant in pale, and as many tuns in fesse all proper. 

NEW YORK, State of (U.S.A.) (State Device.) Arms : in base a landscape, over 
which the sun is rising in splendour. Crest — On a wreath, upon part of a 
globe or sphere, an eagle regardant, wings expanded. Supporters — (Dexter) 
Justice blindfold, supporting with the right hand the fasces, and holding with 
the left a sword ; (sinister) Liberty, holding in the right hand a palm-branch, 
and supporting with the left the staff and cap. Motto — " Excelsior." 



544 




NEW SOUTH WALES 





NEW YORK, CITY OF 



NEW WESTMINSTER, SEE OF 



2 M 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NEW ZEALAND, Colony of. Quarterly azure and gules, on a pale argent, three 
lymphads sable between in the first quarter five mullets in cross of the third, 
each charged with a mullet of the second, in the second quarter a fleece, in the 
third a garb, and in the fourth two hammers in saltire all 9r. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a demi-lion rampant guardant or supporting a flag-staff 
erect, therefrom flying to the sinister a banner of the Union. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a female figure proper, vested in a flowing robe argent, holding in 
her exterior hand a flagstaff proper, thereon a banner azure, thereon a Canton 
of the Union, and in the fly the constellation as in first quarter of the arms; 
(sinister) a native habited all proper. Motto — " Onward." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 191 1.] 

A badge of " a frond of fern " has been adopted as a floral device, but this 
has no official sanction or recognition. 

NEWARK. See Port Glasgow. 

NEWARK (Nottinghamshire). Barry wavy of six argent and azure, on a chief 
gules, a peacock in his pride proper, between a fleur-de-lis on the dexter, and a 
lion passant guardant on the sinister or. Crest — A cormorant or, holding in the 
beak an eel proper. Supporters — On the dexter an otter, and on the sinister a 
beaver. 

The arms and crest were granted by Dethick, Garter, 8th December 1561, 
and the supporters allowed at a later date. The grant is printed in " Annals of 
Newark." Elvin, in his " Dictionary of Heraldry," quotes the Crest, " On a wreath 
ar. and b. a Morfex argent, bekyd sa. therein a cele in p'pur coler." Burke in his 
" Armory " calls it " a seagull proper, holding in the beak an eel arg." Berry goes 
further afield, for he gives it " a martlet, holding in the beak a snake," and gives the 
peacock between tivo fleurs-de-lis. The seal of the town makes the supporters 
similar, and like boars, only the feet have claws, and the tail is peculiar. 

In 1912 the Corporation adopted a new motto, "Deo fretus erumpe," a 
translation of the words of Mayor Smith in 1646, during the siege of Newark, 
to Lord Bellasyse, " Trust God and sally." 

NEWBURGH (Fifeshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 
represents a thistle slipped and leaved, and ensigned with the Royal Crown. 

NEWBURY (Berkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents on a 
mount a castle of three towers, each having a dome, and thereon a pennon. 



546 




NEW ZEALAND 




NEWARK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NEWCASTLE (Northumberland), See of. Has no arms. The following device 
is used but has not any authority whatever, viz., Per fesse azure and gules, in 
chief a representation of the cross of St Cuthbert or, and in base three castles, 
two and one, argent. 

NEWCASTLE (Australia), See of Azure, an open crown enfiling a pastoral staff 
in pale or, on a bordure sable, twenty-four billets argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

NEWCASTLE-UNDER-LYME (Staffordshire). Has no armorial bearings. 
The seal, which is very intricate, and of an architectural design, has three 
escutcheons hanging from the battlements. That on the dexter side represents 
a lion rampant within a border charged with roundles ; that in the centre 
represents three lions passant guardant in pale ; that on the sinister represents 
three garbs, two and one, apparently the Royal Coats of Cornwall, England, 
and Chester. Rising above the battlements are the figures of two men, one 
blowing a horn, the other holding a battle-axe. The legend is " Sigill. comune 
burgensium novi castelli." 

NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE (Northumberland). Gules, three towers triple- 
towered argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a tower argent, therefrom 
issuant a demi-lion rampant guardant or, holding a flagstaff sable, therefrom 
flowing a split banner of St George. Supporters — On either side, a sea-horse 
argent, crined and finned or. Motto — " Fortiter defendit triumphans." The 
following extract is taken from Richardson's " Table Book " : — 

" At what period Armorial Bearings were first granted to the town of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne has not been recorded ; but it may be inferred from an 
ancient shield formerly placed on the north front of the Newgate, which was 
pulled down in 1823, that they were used prior to the year 1390, at which period 
the gate is mentioned under the above appellation in an inquisition in the 
Tinmouth Chartulary at Northumberland House. The inference appears to be 
considerably strengthened by the circumstance of another shield containing the 
Arms of England having been sculptured on the right of the above, in which 
the fleur-de-lis were semee, the number of these having been reduced to three 
in the time of Henry V., Aug. 16, 1575. William Flower, Esq., Norroy King of 
Arms, granted the addition of a helmet, crest, and supporters to the ancient 
Arms of Newcastle. No motto occurs in this grant. In all probability the 
motto was added after the gallant defence of the town against the Scots." In 
speaking of the siege of Newcastle, the writer adds : — " Thus was the town taken 
from the King, after an obstinate and gallant defence, and may well assume the 
motto bestowed upon it by the unfortunate monarch — Fortiter defendit 
triumphans." 



548 





NEWCASTLE (NORTHUMBERLAND), SEE OF 



NEWCASTLE (AUSTRALIA), SEE OF 




NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

"NEWE CORPORATION OF FREEMEN IN THE SUBURBS 
ABOUT LONDON," sometimes called the "TRADESMEN AND 
ARTIFICERS' SOCIETY." Quarterly gules and azure, a cross argent, 
surmounted by another of the first, between in the first quarter a lion 
passant guardant, in the second a fleur-de-lis, in the third a rose, and in the 
fourth a portcullis, all or. Crest — A demi-maiden affrontee proper, vested, 
on her head a chaplet of roses, and holding in her hands a dove all 
argent. Supporters — On the dexter side a female figure vested (representing 
" Concord"), holding in the dexter hand a bundle of javelins all argent, and on 
the sinister side a man habited as a workman (representing " Industry "), holding 
in the sinister hand a crank also argent. 

[Recorded in College of Arms. Granted by Sir John Borough, Garter, loth 
July 1637.] 

NEWFOUNDLAND, " Country of." Gules a cross argent, in the first and fourth 
quarters a lion passant guardant regally crowned or ; in the second and third 
quarters an unicorn passant argent, armed, maned, and unguled of the third, 
and gorged with a crown, thereto a chain affixed passing between the forelegs 
and reflected over his back, also or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours an elk 
trippant proper. Supporters — Two Newfoundland men, in the habits of that 
country all proper, viz., the body covered with skins to the middle of the thigh, 
round the neck and breast two rows of pearl shells, and round the body two 
rows; at the back shields made of skins, and in their exterior hands bows, each 
supporter charged on the breast with a mascle or. Motto — " Oujerite prime 
regnum Dei." 

[Granted by Borough, Garter, ist Jan. 1637. This coat of arms has been 
generally attributed to the Newfoundland Company. The grant, however, was 
made to "the country." The Admiralty publish as a device to be used by the 
Governor upon the Union flag a white disc, thereon the figure of Britannia on 
the sinister, extending her hand towards a figure of Mercury and a kneeling 
sailor. Motto — " Haec tibi dona fero."] 



550 




FREEMEN IN THE SUBURBS ABOUT LONDON 




NEWFOUNDLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NEWFOUNDLAND, See of. Argent, on a cross between four crosses pattee 
gules, an imperial crown proper, a chief azure, thereon a paschal lamb couchant 
also proper. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

NEWMILLS, The Company of Cloth Manufactory at. Refer to Cloth 
Manufactory. 

NEWMILNES AND GREENHOLM. Has no armorial bearings. Those in 
use are per chevron azure and argent, in chief a sword erect, supporting on the 
point a pair of scales, on the dexter side a spindle, on the sinister a shuttle, in 
base a representation of the old Council House. Crest — A beehive. Motto 
— " Weave truth with trust." [This motto was formerly the motto of the old 
Guild of Weavers.] 
[Of no authority.] 

NEWPORT (Fifeshire). Has no arms. Those in use are argent, on waves of the 
sea in base an ancient lymphad, on the sail the mounted warrior which was the 
crest of the Earls Fife, in the stern of the ship the figure of Hygeia seated, holding 
in her dexter hand a cup from which a serpent is drinking. Aloito — " Hygea duce." 

NEWPORT (Isle of Wight). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents an 
ancient one-masted ship at sea, with the legend " Sigillurn comune ville de 
Neuport in Insula de Wight." 

NEWPORT (Monmouthshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents an 
escutcheon, "... charged with a chevron reversed or." The Corporation note- 
paper shows it" Azure, a chevron reversed or," and the Town-Clerk, writing, informs 
the editor that the arms are, " Or, chevron gules reversed," adding a note, " The 
Arms are stated to be the same as those of the Duke of Buckingham, who was 
Lord of Newport in Richard's the Third's time, but with the chevron reversed." 
All representations of the arms (on the seal and elsewhere) are surmounted by 
a cherub with wings expanded and inverted, but with no wreath. It seems a 
pity somebody doesn't interest himself in the matter, and get arms granted to 
the town, and thus secure some uniformity and some authoritative accuracy. 

NEWPORT (Shropshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

NEWRY (Cos. Down and Armagh). Has no armorial bearings registered in 
Ulster's Office. The seal represents on a mount a bishop enthroned, his right 
hand raised in the act of benediction, and with his sinister supporting his cross, 
all between two poplar (?) trees growing out of the mount. This has frequently 
been treated and quoted as a coat-of-arms. 

NEWTON (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings, but the seal represents a 
ram's head issuing from a ducal coronet, and holding in its mouth a sprig of 
laurel all proper. Within the legend, " Sigillum burgi ac leti de Newton." 
This is quoted in Burke's " General Armory " as the crest of Newton, but it is 
really the crest of the old family of Legh, formerly resident there. 

552 




NEWFOUNDLAND, SEE OF 




NEWPORT (MONMOUTHSHIRE) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
NEWTON-STEWART. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

NEWTOWN or FRANVILLE (Hants). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, 
which is very ancient, represents an antique ship on the sea with one mast, sail 
furled and pennon flying ; on the ship a lion passant guardant, in chief on the 
dexter a mullet, and on the sinister a crescent ; in fesse on the sinister side an 
escutcheon of St George. 

NEWTOWN (Montgomeryshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

NIAGARA, See of (Canada). Tierced in fesse in chief a representation of Niagara 
Falls ; in fesse argent, a cross gules ; in base vert, three maple leaves conjoined 
proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

NICARAGUA. Refer to Illustration. 

NICE (France). Argent, an eagle displayed gules, crowned or, its claws resting on 
mountains vert, issuing from the sea in base proper. 

NIGER DISTRICT, See of. A landscape in base, to the dexter a rock thereon a 
palm-tree, on the sea out of which the sun is rising, a ship in full sail all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

NIJNI-NOVGOROD (Russia). Argent, on a mount in base vert, a stag trippant, 
gules. 

NORFOLK, County of. Per pale or and sable, a bend ermine, on a chief gules, a 
lion passant guardant of the first between two ostrich plumes argent quilled 
and each ensigned with a Prince's Coronet of the first and transpiercing a label 
proper, thereon the Motto — " Ich Dien " as borne on the banner of King 
Edward III. 

The arms of the County of Norfolk are quite unique, chiefly by reason of 
the fact that as a mark of special favour they were granted by King Edward 
VII. by Royal Warrant. For this reason the Documents by which the grant 
was effected are set out in full. 

Edward R. and I. 

Edward the Seventh by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, 
Defender of the Faith : To Our Right Trusty and Right Entirely beloved 
Cousin and Councillor, Henry Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and Our 
Hereditary Marshal of England, Knight of Our Most Noble Order of the 
Garter, Knight Grand Cross of Our Victorian Order, Greeting. WHEREAS Sir 
William Hovell Browne Ffolkes of Hillington in the County of Norfolk, 
Baronet, Chairman of the County Council of Norfolk, hath by his Petition 
humbly represented unto Us, That by virtue of an Act of Parliament passed in 

554 




NIAGARA, SEE OF 



NIGER DISTRICT, SEE OF 




o^^ 


V^l...,-;^)'ICSV>^s^^ ""^--^ 


y*^^?8 


y^ f^ 


J^TU ' /^/ 




1.1, .-'r '•'■■^^^- *^^ ^^"''^Xr? 


.•■— JH(t ' ''  » ' ~^ ^^ir 


?^l.,::::-:4w^^-7 '■ 


v. 


Si V=^^>- \ - 1^ 


£ 


^ Nr5Kl"\ 1 


'fi 


f. .^1 1 



V/.»^.^i, 



..— >JU.«llu 



T P, ' 



NICE 



NIJNI-NOVGOROD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

the year One thousand eight hundred and eighty-eight to amend the Laws 
relating to Local Government in England and Wales and for other purposes 
connected therewith, it is Enacted that a Council shall be established in every 
Administrative County as defined in the said Act, and be entrusted with the 
management of the Administrative and Financial business of that County, and 
shall consist of a Chairman, Aldermen and Councillors, and that the Council of 
each County shall be a Body Corporate by the name of the Administrative 
County and shall have perpetual succession and a Common Seal and power to 
acquire and hold Land for the purposes of their Constitution without Licence in 
Mortmain: And it being provided in and by the said Act that the said Bodies 
Politic and Corporate shall have perpetual succession and Common Seals, and 
the said Sir William Hovell Browne Ffolkes, Baronet, as Chairman of the 
County Council of Norfolk, therefore most humbly prays Our Royal Licence 
and Authority that the said County Council may bear and use certain Armorial 
Ensigns in Commemoration of Our long residence in the said County of Norfolk 
on a Common Seal, Shields, Banners or otherwise according to the Laws of 
Arms : Know ye that We of Our Princely Grace and Special Favour have 
given and granted and by these Presents do give and grant unto the said County 
Council of Norfolk Our Royal Licence and Authority to bear on their Common 
Seal, Shields, Banners or otherwise according to the Laws of Arms, viz. 
" A bend and on a chief a Lion passant guardant between two Ostrich Plumes, 
each ensigned with a Prince's Coronet and transpiercing a Label, thereon the 
Motto ' Ich Dien ' as borne on the Banner of King Edward the Third," the 
whole as in the drawing hereunto annexed, the same being first duly exemplified 
and recorded in Our College of Arms, otherwise this Our Royal Licence and 
permission to be void and of none effect :^ 

Our Will and Pleasure therefore is that you, Henry Duke of Norfolk, to 
whom the cognizance of Matters of this nature doth properly belong, do require 
and command that this Our Concession and Especial Mark of Our Royal 
Favour be registered in Our College of Arms, to the end that Our Officers of 
Arms and all others upon occasion may take full notice* and have knowledge 
thereof: and for so doing this shall be your Warrant. GIVEN at Our Court at 
Saint James's this eleventh day of May 1904, in the Fourth year of Our Reign : — 
By His Majesty's Command, 

A. Akers Douglas. 

Whereas His Majesty by Warrant under his Royal Signet and Sign 
Manual, bearing date the eleventh day of May last, hath signified unto me that 
he has been graciously pleased to give and grant unto the County Council of 
Norfolk his Royal Licence and Authority to bear on their Common Seal, 
Shields, Banners, or otherwise according to the Laws of Arms following, vizt.," A 
bend and on a chief a Lion passant guardant between two Ostrich Plumes, each 
ensigned with a Prince's Coronet and transpiercing a Label, thereon the Motto 
'Ich Dien' as borne on the Banner of King Edward the Third," the same 
being first duly exemplified and recorded in the College of Arms, otherwise the 

556 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

said Royal Licence and permission to be void and of none effect. And also 
signified unto me His Royal Will and Pleasure that the said Royal Concession 
and Especial Mark of Royal Favour be registered in the said College of Arms : — 
I. Henry Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of 
England, Knight of the Most Noble Order of tha Garter, Knight Grand Cross 
of the Royal Victorian Order, and one of his Majesty's Most Honourable Privy 
Council, do hereby authorise and require you to cause the said Royal Warrant 
and these Presents to be recorded in the College of Arms accordingly, 
and further that j'ou Garter, Ciarenceux, and Norroy do grant and exemplify 
unto the said County Council of Norfolk such Arms accordingly, pursuant to 
the tenor of the said Royal Warrant and according to the Laws of Arms, For 
which this shall be your Warrant : GIVEN under my hand and seal this fourth 
day of June 1904. Norfolk, E. M. 

To Garter Principal King of Arms, 

Ciarenceux King of Arms, Norroy King of Arms, 

and the other Officers of the College of Arms. 

To All and Singular to whom these Presents shall come, Alfred Scott 
Scott-Gatty, Esquire, Garter Principal King of Arms, George Edward Cokayne, 
Esquire, Ciarenceux King of Arms, and William Henry Weldon, Esquire, 
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, Norroy King of Arms, Send Greeting. 
Whereas His Majesty by Warrant under his Royal Signet and Sign Manual, 
bearing date the eleventh day of May, hath signified unto the Most Noble 
Henry Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England, 
Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal 
Victorian Order, and one of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, 
that he has been graciously pleased to give and grant unto the County Council of 
Norfolk, his Royal Licence and Authority to bear on their Common Seal, 
Shields, Banners, or otherwise according to the Laws of Arms, the Arms 
following, vizt. " A bend and on a chief a Lion passant guardant between two 
Ostrich Plumes, each ensigned with a Prince's Coronet and transpiercing a 
Label, thereon the Motto ' Ich Dien' as borne on the Banner of King Edward 
the Third," the same being first duly exemplified and recorded in the College ol 
Arms, otherwise the said Royal Licence and permission to be void and of none 
effect, AND forasmuch as the said Earl Marshal did by Warrant under his hand 
and seal, bearing date the fourth day of June following, authorise and direct us 
to grant and exemplify such Arms accordingly, KNOW YE therefore that we, the 
said Garter, Ciarenceux, and Norroy, in obedience to the Royal Command in 
pursuance of His Grace's Warrant, and by virtue of the Letters Patent of Our 
several Offices to each of us respectively granted, do by these Presents grant 
and exemplify unto the said County Council of Norfolk the Arms following, that 
is to say Per Pale Or and Sable a Bend Ermine, on a Chief Gules a Lion 
passantguardant of the first between two Ostrich Plumes Argent quilled, and each 
ensigned with a Prince's Coronet of the first and transpiercing a Label proper, 
thereon the Motto " Ich Dien " as borne on the Banner ot King Edward the 

557 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

Third, as the same are in the margin hereof more plainly depicted, to be borne 
and used for ever hereafter by the said County Council of Norfolk on their 
Common Seal, Shields, Banners, or otherwise pursuant to the tenor of the said 
Royal Warrant and according to the Laws of Arms : 

In witness whereof We, the said Garter, Clarenceux, and Norroy Kings of 
Arms have to these Presents subscribed our names and affixed the Seals of 
our several Offices this third day of July in the Fourth year of the Reign of 
our Sovereign Lord Edward the Seventh, by the Grace of God of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the 
Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, etc., and in the year of Lord Our One 
Thousand nine hundred and four. 

A. S. Scott-Gatty, G. E. Cokayne, William H. Weldon, 

Garter. Clarenceux. Norroy. 

NORROY KING OF ARMS. Argent, a cross gules, on a chief of the second, a 
lion passant guardant crowned of the first between a fleur-de-lis on the dexter 
and a key on the sinister of the last. 

[These arms of office are either borne alone or impaled on the dexter side 
of the personal arms of Norroy. The escutcheon is surmounted by his official 
crown.] 



558 







1 ^^ 't. 'n- # 



NORFOLK 




NORROY KING OF ARMS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NORTH AMERICAN COLONIAL ASSOCIATION. Quarterly, ist, argent, a 
ship of three masts on the sea, in full sail proper ; 2nd, on a mount a beaver, and 
in the distance a forest, all proper; 3rd, gules, a plough or ; 4th, azure a garb or. 
On an escocheon in centre point argent a trefoil slipped vert royal crowned of 
England proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours an Irish wolf dog couchant 
proper. Supporters — (Dexter) an Irish peasant habited, jacket azure, trousers 
argent, his hat of straw, holding over his dexter shoulder a felling axe proper ; 
(sinister) a similar figure of an Irishman holding in his left hand a reaping-hook 
or sickle proper. Motto — " Magnum vectigal industris." 

[Granted, 6th October 1S35, by Sir William Betham, Ulster.] 

NORTH BERWICK (Haddingtonshire). Has not matriculated any armorial 
bearings. The seal represents an ancient galley upon the sea, with sail furled, 
and therein seated four men rowing. Above is the motto, " Victoria gloria 
merces," all within the legend " Sigillum burgi de North Berwick." 

NORTH CHINA, See of. Gules, a cross moline or. 
[Of no authority.] 

NORTH LONDON OR UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL. Refer to 
University College Hospital. 

NORTH OF SCOTLAND BANKING COMPANY. Chequy or and azure, a saltire 
between three towers triple towered, one in chief and two in the flanks argent. 
In an escrol above the shield is placed this Motto — " Ne Nimium." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, iSth July 1863. This Company is now 
incorporated as below.] 

NORTH OF SCOTLAND AND TOWN AND COUNTY BANK, LTD. 
(North of Scotland Banking Company and Aberdeen Town and County 
Banking Company, amalgamated April 30, 1908.) Quarterly : i and 4 
chequy or and azure, a saltire between three towers triple-towered, one in chief 
and two in flanks argent, masoned sable ; 2 and 3, gules, a bezant between two 
towers triple-towered argent, masoned as before in chief and a garb or in base. 
And on an escrol above the shield this Motto — " Ne nimium " ; and on a compart- 
ment below the shield bearing this Motto — "Fide et Industria," are set for 
Supporters — On the dexter a leopard and on the sinister a stag, both proper. 
[Rematriculated in Lyon Office, May 20, 190S.] 

NORTH QUEENSLAND, See of (Australia). Azure, a Paschal lamb proper, 
between three cross crosslets fitchee argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

NORTH RIDING of the County of Yorkshire. See Yorkshire. 

NORTH SHIELDS (Northumberland). Has no armorial bearings. 

560 




NORTH CHINA, SEE OF 



NORTH QUEENSLAND, SEE OF 




NORTH OF SCOTLAND AND TOWN AND COUNTY BANK, LTD. 



2 N 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (Province, Dominion of Canada). No warrant 
assigning any arms has ever been issued either for the Province or for the 
districts of Assiniboia, Athabasca, Keewatin, Yukon, Mackenzie, Ungava, or 
Franklin, which now make up the Province. 

NORTHALLERTON (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The arms of the town of 
Northampton have frequently been used in lieu of county insignia, but an old 
seal formerly used for county purposes has an heraldic rose within the legend 
" Northampton." The seal of the County Council has adopted the same design 
of the rose within the legend "County Council of Northamptonshire, 1889." 

NORTHAMPTON (Northamptonshire). Gules, on a mount vert, a tower triple 
towered in a pyramidical form argent, and supported by two lions rampant 
guardant or, in the portway of the tower a portcullis. Recorded in the College 
of Arms. Motto — " Castello fortior concordia." 

NORTHERN NIGERIA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to 
Northern Nigeria. 

NORTHUMBERLAND. Has no armorial bearings. The arms attributed to 
Northumbria were paly of eight or and gules. Travesties, many of them very 
wide of the mark, upon the arms of Morpeth, have done duty on various 
occasions, but for accuracy it has been left to the seal of the Northumberland 
County Council to bear away the palm. The seal shows seven escutcheons, 
supposed or intended to represent respectively the arms of Northumbria, 
Berwick, Morpeth, Tynemouth, Corbridge, Hexham, and Alnwick. Of the seven, 
Morpeth alone is the only genuine coat-of-arms. Need more be said ? 

NORTON. See Chipping Norton. 

NORWAY, Kingdom of. Gules, a lion rampant crowned or, holding a long-handled 
Danish axe argent. Supporters — Two lions rampant regardant double queued 
or, langued gules. 



562 




NORTHAMPTON 




NORWAY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NORWICH, City of (Norfolk). Gules, a castle domed argent, in base a lion passant 
guardant or. 

[Confirmed by Hervey, Clarenceux King of Arms.] 

Upon the Town-Clerk's notepaper the arms are surmounted by a fur 
cap, and are supported by two angels, with wings inverted, holding over the 
interior shoulder a sword point upwards, and each standing upon a little pile 
of clouds. On a carving of the City Arms outside the Guildhall, Norwich, 
which is stated to date from 1534, the arms are surmounted by a repre- 
sentation of the fur cap (formerly, at Norwich, worn by the Mayor) and are 
accompanied by figures of two angels. Whether or not these figures were then 
intended for heraldic supporters is a matter of dispute. At any rate, there is no 
official authority for their use. 

NORWICH, See of Azure, three mitres labelled or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 
These arms first appear in 1 531, on the seal of Bishop William Bateman. 

NORWICH, Dean of. Argent, a cross sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County 
Council, however, exhibits these arms, " Quarterly argent and or, on a cross 
raguly gules between in the first quarter, a tree eradicated, in the second, a pick- 
axe and spade in saltire, handles downwards, and pendent therefrom a safety- 
lamp, in the third quarter, a representation of a lace-making machine (?), and in 
the fourth quarter a garb, all proper, a ducal coronet of the second. 



564 




NORWICH, CITY OF 




NORWICH, SEE OF 





NORWICH, DEAN OF 



NOTTINGHAMSHIRE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NOTTINGHAM, City of. Gules, issuant from the base, a ragged cross couped 
proper {i.e. vert) between two ducal coronets in chief or, and the lower limb of 
the cross enfiled with a like coronet. Crest — On a wreath of the colours (or and 
gules), a castle walled, triple-towered and domed proper, the dome of the dexter 
tower surmounted by an increscent argent, and the sinister by an estoile, or. 
Supporters — On either side, standing on a staff raguly erased, a royal stag 
guardant proper, ducally gorged or. Motto — " Vivit post funera virtus." 

The arms were recorded at the visitation of Nottingham, 1614. The crest 
was granted by Sir Albert Woods, Garter, G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux, and 
William H. Weldon, Norro)', by patent, loth June 1898 (printed in the Genea- 
logical Magaziiie, vol. ii. p. 431). On the following day a grant of supporters 
(" on either side a man habited as a Forester, each supporting in his exterior 
hand a long bow bent all proper") was made by Sir Albert Woods (patent 
printed in Genealogical Magazine, vol. ii. p. 388), but these supporters have been 
discarded and those given above granted in their place. The motto dates from 
the early part of the i8th century. 

By patent, dated November 7, 191 1, a Standard was granted to the City 
of Nottingham. This has upon a field barry of six or and argent {inter alia) 
a Badge, viz., a saltire raguly vert, surmounted by a royal stag's head caboshed 
proper. 

NOTTINGHAM HIGH SCHOOL. On a lozenge argent three blackbirds 
rising sable. Motto — " Lauda finem." 

[Of no authority, being the arms of Dame Agnes Mellers, the foundress.] 



566 




NOTTINGHAM, CITY OF 




NOTTINGHAM HIGH SCHOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

NOVA SCOTIA (Province of Dominion of Canada). Or, on a fesse wavy azure, 
between three thistles proper, a salmon naiant argent. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 1869.] 

These are the arms which are now made use of, both alone as above for the 
Province and as a quartering therefor on the shield of the Dominion, but there is 
a much older coat of equal authenticity. No record exists of the grant, but it is 
recited in all the patents of Nova Scotian baronets issued by King Charles I. prior 
to the year 1629, that "the baronets and their heirs male should as an addition 
of honour to their armorial ensigns, bear, either on a canton, or inescutcheon, at 
their option, the ensign of Nova Scotia, being "argent, a cross of St Andrew 
azure, charged with an inescocheon of the royal arms of Scotland ; supported on 
the dexter by the Royal Unicorn and on the sinister by a savage or wild man 
proper, and for the crest, a branch of laurel and a thistle, issuing from two hands 
conjoined, the one being armed and the other naked ; with this Motto " Munit 
hcEC et altera vincit." Between the years 1805- 10 (the actual entry is undated) 
the arms were matriculated in Lyon Register as follows : " Argent, on a saltire 
azure, an escutcheon of the Royal Arms of Scotland, supported on the dexter by 
the Royal Unicorn and on the sinister by a savage proper." 

In this the supporters would appear to be attached to the shield for 
Scotland and superimposed upon the outer shield itself I fancy this is due to 
a misreading of the description of the arms in the Baronetcy patents, but at the 
same time the arms of Gordon-Cumming afford another instance of supporters 
to an inner shield appearing as a charge on a larger shield. Why these arms 
were overlooked and other arms assigned in 1869 is incomprehensible, and 
much to be regretted. 

The province of Ontario has recently obtained a further warrant assigning 
a crest and supporters to the arms as assigned in 1869, and I suggest that 
Nova Scotia should also take steps to procure a further warrant, which should 
add the old crest and supporters to the shield and conjoin the new and the old 
arms of the province. 

NOVA SCOTIA, See of. Or, a paschal lamb proper, bearing a flag azure, charged 
 with a saltire argent, on a chief also azure, a pastoral staff and a key in saltire 
of the first. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

NOVGOROD. Refer to Nijni-Novgorod. 



568 



^(^^ 



HISTORIC 
NOVA SCOTIA 



I 




"^^^m^ 



lacmorial iacbicbement of J^oba S>cotia 
(©rantcb fap iLing Cljarles I, 
(n 1625. 



PUBLISHED BY 

GOVERNMENT OF NOVA SCOTIA 



ORDER OF THE GOOD TIME 
NOVA SCOTIA 





HERE IS YOUR OPPORTUNITY TO JOIN 
THE OLDEST SOCIAL CLUB IN AMERICA 



You are cordially invited to join the Order of The 
Good Time, Nova Scotia, when you visit the province this 
year. 

This order was founded by Champlain at Port Royal 
(now Annapolis Royal) Nova Scotia, in 1606. It was es- 
tablished to keep alive the spirit of fellowship and good 
cheer amongst the early French pioneers, and that spirit 
has been maintained down through the years in Nova 
Scotia. 

To qualify, register at one of the Government Informa- 
tion Bureaus on arrival, stay in the Province ten days or 
more, and then register again. You will thereupon be 
welcomed mto the Order and receive the certificate of 
membership. There will be no initiation fee nor any 
annual dues to pay- 
When you join the Order of The Good Time, you be- 
come a member of the oldest social club in America. 



t^^,^ PH^t-A.X^-'^.-.tt-^ 




Ql:^ Ul^j^JXUOjLax^ 



MI5TGR OF HIOMWAVS 



IIJII/III/IIIIII> lli''liiiiniiiii,,,niiiiiiiniitiutniiiiinil)lllinll)>>i^f^^[ 





NOVA SCOTIA 




NOVA SCOTIA, SEE OF 



THE ROOK OF I'l IlLIC ARMS 

NUREMBURG, or NURNBERG (Germany). An eagle of the German 

Empire charged on the brcaat with tlie impaled arms of Castile and Austria, 
supporting two shields, the dexter (the seal device of the old Imperial city) 
" a/.ure, a harpy (' frauenadler ') displayed and crowned or," the sinister (the 
real arms of Nuremburg) 'per pale or, a double-headed eagle displayed, 
dimidiated with bendy of six gules and argent." 

I The illustration is taken from the title-page of the German edition of 
Andreas Vesili's " Anatomia," printed at Niirenberg, 1537. | 

NYASALAND, See of. Azure, a cross argent between four fountains. 
[Of no authority.] 

OAKHAM (Rutland). Has no armorial bearings. But the following are regularly 
used and quoted, " Or, a horse-shoe sable, nailed argent." The old legend is that 
when passing through the town Queen Elizabeth's horse lost a shoe, and the 
town thereupon acquired the privilege of claiming a horse-shoe from an\- royal 
personage or nobleman entering its precincts. 

OAKHAMPTON (Devonshire). Has no armorial bearings, but Burke's " General 
.\rmor\- " i|uotes as follows : " Chequy or and az. two bars ar. 6/f.sV — .A castle." 

OAKINGHAM. See Wokingham. 



57° 




NURNBERG 




NYASALAND, SEE OF 





OAKHAM 



OAKHAMPTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

OBAN, Burgh of. Argent, in the waves of the sea proper, a lymphad sable, oars 
in action with a beacon on the top of the mast proper, in base a salmon naiant 
argent, on a chief parted per pale dexter azure, a lion rampant argent, sinister 
gyronny of eight or and sable. Motto — " Air aghart." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 31st May 1901.] 

ODESSA (Russia). Azure, a Patriarch's cross argent, between three Imperial 
Russian crowns or. 

OFFICE OF JESTS, REVELS, AND MASQUES, of our Lord the King in 
Ireland. Azure, a harp or, stringed argent, on a chief of the last three garlands 
of leaves vert, tied gules. 

[Granted by Thomas Preston, Ulster King of Arms, July 2, 1638.] 

OKEHAMPTON. See Oakhampton. 

OKINGHAM. See Wokingham. 

OLDENBORG. Refer to Denmark. 

OLDENBURG (Germany). Quarterly i and 4 or, two bars gules, 2 and 3 
azure, a cross urdee or, on an inescutcheon sable, a lion rampant or. 

OLDENBURG, Grand Duchy of. Quarterly: i gules, a lion rampant or 
supporting with his paws a long-handled battle-axe (Norway) ; 2 or, two lions 
passant in pale azure (Schleswig) ; 3 gules, an inescutcheon per fesse argent 
and of the field within three nettle-leaves and as many passion nails alternately 
disposed in orle (Holstein); 4 gules, a swan with wings displayed argent, beaked 
and legged sable, gorged with a crown or (Stormarn) ; 5 gules, a knight in com- 
plete armour, gold mounted, on ahorse at full speed argent, brandishing a sword 
(Dithmarschen) ; 6 or, a lion rampant sable crowned or (Kniphausen); over all 
an inescutcheon crowned, and quarterly: i or, two bars gules (Oldenburg); 
2 azure, a cross patee alesee or (Delmenhorst); 3 azure, a cross patee or 
surmounted by a mitre argent (Lubeck) ; 4 chequy gules and argent 
(Birkenfeld) ; 5 (in point) azure, a lion rampant and crowned or (Jever). 



572 





ODESSA 



OBAN 




OLDENBURG (GERMANY) 




OLDENBURG, GRAND DUCHY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

OLDHAM, Borough of (Lancashire). Sable, a chevron invected plain cottised 
or, between three owls argent, on a chief engrailed of the second, a rose gules 
barbed and seeded proper between two annulets also gules. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, in front of a rock thereon an owl argent, three roses 
fessewise gules, barbed and seeded proper. Motto — " Sapere aude." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 7th November 1894.] 

OLD MELDRUM. Has no arms but borrows the entire achievement of Urquhart 
of Meldrum, viz., " Or, three boars' heads gules." Crest — A demi-otter crowned 
with an antique crown and holding between its paws a crescent. Mottoes — (Over 
crest) " Per mare per terras " ; (under arms) " Mean, speak and doe well." Sup- 
porters — Two greyhounds proper, collared gules, leashed or. 

OLMUTZ (Germany). Azure, an eagle displayed chequy argent and gules, 
crowned or, on its breast an inescutcheon gules charged with a fesse argent, 
thereon the letters F. M. T. 



574 





OLMUTZ 



OLDHAM 




OLD MELDRUM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ONTARIO (Province of, Dominion of Canada). Vert, a sprig of three leaves of 
maple slipped or, on a chief argent, the cross of St George. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, a bear passant sable. Siipporters — (Dexter) a moose, (sinister) a 
Canadian deer, both proper. Motto — " Ut incepit fidelis sic permanet." 

[Thearms were assigned by Royal Warrant, 1869, and the crest, supporters, 
and motto by Royal Warrant, 27th February 1909.] 

ONTARIO, See of (Canada). Argent, on a cross gules, an open book proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

OPORTO (Portugal). Quarterly i and 4 the Royal arms of Portugal {q.v) 
2 and 3 in a landscape, the Virgin and Child standing between two towers, 
issuant from each an arm brandishing a sword ; over all on an inescutcheon 
gules, a human heart or, inflamed proper. 



576 




ONTARfO 





OPORTO 



ONTARIO, SEE OF 



20 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ORANGE FREE STATE, Province of the (Union of South Africa). Or, 
upon an island, an orange tree vert, fructed proper. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 4th May 191 1.] 

ORANGE RIVER COLONY (South Africa). " Argent, on a mount, a spring- 
buck, and on a chief azure, the Imperial Crown all proper." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant. As the Orange River Free State the badge 
or device of an orange tree appeared on its postage stamps, and this survives in 
the arms recently assigned to the Union of South Africa. Refer also to Union 
of South Africa. The device published by the Admiralty for use by the 
Governor on the Union flag is a landscape disc thereon (? a gemsbok).] 

ORDNANCE OFFICE or BOARD OF ORDNANCE. Azure, three field-pieces 
on their carriages in pale or, on a chief argent as many cannon-balls sable. 
[College of Arms. Gts., xxxiv. 54.] 

ORDNANCE, Master of King Charles II. granted a Warrant, December 1683, to 
George, Lord Dartmouth, to enable him as Master of the Ordnance to bear on 
each side of his arms a field-piece mounted, to show the honour of his office, 
which said warrant was made to extend to his successors in that department. 

ORE (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. 

ORFORD (Suffolk). Argent, in an ancient ship sable, a tower triple-towered or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



578 





ORANGE FREE STATE 



ORANGE RIVER COLONY 





ORFORD 



ORDNANCE OFFICE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ORIEL COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded 1323, by Adam le Brome, Confessor to 
Edward II.) Gules three lions passant guardant in pale or, a bordure engrailed 
argent. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of 
Oxford, 1574.] 

ORKNEY. Has not matriculated armorial bearings in Lyon Register, but for some 
reason an unauthoritative record exists in the College of Arms. Those in use, 
which appear to be generally accepted, are those of the old Earldom of Orkney, 
which as such appear upon the escutcheon of the Earl of Caithness. They are, 
azure, a ship at anchor, oars in saltire, and sail furled, within a double tressure 
flory and counterflory or. 

ORKNEY, See of. Argent, St Magnus vested in royal robes, on his head an antique 
crown, in his dexter hand a sceptre all proper. 

[These arms, which are given in Burke's " Armory," were never matriculated 
in Lyon Register.] 

ORKNEY. Refer to Aberdeen and Orkney, Bishop of. 

ORLEANS (France). Gules, three . . . , on a chief azure, three fleurs delis or. 



580 





ORIEL COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



ORKNEY 





ORLEANS 



ORKNEY, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

OSAKA, See of. Argent, a cross gules, on a chief azure, the sun in splendour rising 
from behind mountains. 
[Of no authority.] 

OSNABRUCK, Bishopric of. Argent, a wheel of six spokes gules. 

OSSETT (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

OSSORY, See of. Ancient — Azure, a bishop in his pontificals standing between two 
pillars argent, a mitre on his head, in his dexter hand a crosier, and in his sinister 
a Bible closed, all or. Modern — Gules a covered cup, on the top thereof a cross 
pattee between five crosses pattee fitchee or. Woodward terms this coat that 
of the see of Ferns. 

[These last-mentioned arms are recorded in Ulster's Office as those of 
Ossory, and remain in use, but through the disestablishment of the Irish 
Church they are really extinct and their present use is illegal.] 

OSSORY, FERNS, AND LEIGHLIN, Bishop of. According to Crockford only 
the modern arms of Ossory are made use of 

OSWESTRY (Shropshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are " Gules, 
a cross couped argent, between four lions rampant or." Motto — " Floreat 
Oswestria." 

Morris, in his " Armorial Bearings of Shropshire Families," quotes these 
arms "gu. a cross between four lions rampant or," but neither form has any 
authority. 

The seal represents a figure of King Oswald crowned and seated on a throne, 
holding in his dexter hand a sword, the sinister grasping a tree. 



582 





OSAKA, SEE OF 



OSNABRUCK, BISHOP OF 





OSWESTRY 



OSSORY, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

OTLEY ASSOCIATION Azure, three towers two and one argent, in chief two 
keys in saltire or, their wards upwards. 

[Granted, College of Arms. Gts., xx. 231.] 

OTTAWA, See of. Argent, a cross gules, in the first quarter a crosier and key in 
saltire or, on a chief azure, the crest of Hamilton, viz., out of a ducal coronet an 
oak-tree penetrated transversely in the main-stem by a frame saw all proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

OUNDLE SCHOOL This school, which was founded and is maintained by and is 
the property of the Grocers' Company, quite properly uses the arms of that 
company. Motto — " God grant Grace." 

OUR LADY INN. Refer to New Inn. 

OUR LADY'S COLLEGE (Manchester). Per chevron azure, and gules, the base 
semee of cross crosslets fitchee or, in chief two leopards' faces jessant de lis of 
the last, in base a lion rampant argent. Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a 
griffin's head azure. 

[Recorded, College of Arms.] 

OVER-DARWEN. See Darwen. 

OWENS COLLEGE (Manchester). Now extended into the Victoria University 
of Manchester. Argent, a serpent nowed vert, on a chief nebulee azure, a sun 
issuant or. Crest — Between two branches of laurel a palm tree proper, suspended 
in front thereof by a riband azure, a shield argent, thereon a lion rampant gules 
and a chief of the last charged with three bendlets or. Motto — "Arduus ad 
solem." 

[Granted 14th October 1871.] 



584 




OTLEY ASSOCIATION 




OTTAWA, SEE OF 





OUR LADY'S COLLEGE 



OWENS COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

OXFORDSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The arms of the City of Oxford 
are frequently used and quoted more or less correctly ; but the seal of the 
County Council simply exhibits the inscription, " Oxfordshire, the common .seal 
of the County Council, 1889." 

OXFORD, City of (Oxfordshire). Argent, an ox gules, passing over a ford of ' 
water in base barry wavy azure and argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours 
a demi-lion rampant guardant azure, crowned with an imperial crown, holding 
between the paws a rose gules, charged with another argent. Supporters — On 
the dexter side an elephant ermines, eared, collared, and lined argent, and on 
the sinister side a beaver vert, its tail azure and argent, ducally gorged and lined 
or. Motto — " Fortis est Veritas." 

Berry gives a note — " In the City Seal the sinister supporter is engraved 
like a fox. In the Visitation of Oxford, taken the 12th of August 1634, the 
arms, crest, and supporters are drawn with this difference, viz., the base of the 
escocheon barry-wavy of six az. and ar., the escocheon encircled with a ribbon 
az., charged with four roses and four fleurs-de-lis or, placed alternately ; the 
ribbon edged of the last. The crest is strewed with fleurs-de-lis, az., and the 
sinister supporter drawn like a beaver." 

Burke adds a note that some authorities give, " Bendy wavy argent and 
azure, an ox gu. passing over a ford ppr." 

OXFORD, See of. Sable, a fesse argent, in chief three ladies from the waist couped 
proper, heads afifrontee, arrayed and veiled of the second crowned or, in base an 
ox also of the second, armed, passing over a ford barry wavy of six of the second''^ 
and azure. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The Bishop of Oxford, as Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, places a 
Garter round his arms. 

OXFORD, Cathedral Church of. Quarterly azure and gules, a cross argent, 
thereon a book as in the arms of the University of O.xford, surmounted by a 
■Royal crown proper, between in the first and fourth quarters three fleurs-de-lis, 
and in the second and third as many lions passant guardant in pale all or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms, Visitation of Oxford, 1574.] 

OXFORD, University of. See University of Oxford. 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY. Refer to University of Oxford and to the several 
Colleges, viz.:— All Souls', Baliol, Brazenose, Christ Church, Corpus Christi, 
Exeter, Hereford, Jesus, Keble, Lincoln, Magdalen, Merton, New, Oriel, 
Pembroke, Queen's, St Edmund's Hall, St John the Baptist, Trinity, University, 
Wadham, Worcester. 



586 




OXFORD, CITY OF 




OXFORD, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PADDINGTON, Borough of (London). Azure, two swords in saltire proper, 
pommels and hilts or, enfiled by a mural crown of the last, two wolves' heads 
erased in chief argent. 

[Granted, College of Arms, April 5, 1902.] 

PADUA (Italy). Argent, a cross gules. 

PAINTERS, or PAINTER-STAINERS, The Worshipful Company of, 
London. (Incorporated 1467.) Quarterly i and 4 azure, three escutcheons, 
two and one argent, 2 and 3 azure, a chevron between three phoenix heads 
erased or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a phoenix or, in flames proper. 
Supporters — Two leopards argent, spotted with various colours, ducally crowned, 
collared and chained or. Motto—'' Amor et obedientia." 

[Granted by Thomas Holme, Clarenceux, i486. Confirmed by Benolt, 
Clarenceux, nth October 1531.] 

PAINTERS' COMPANY (Exeter). Used the same arms as the Painters' Company 
of London with the Motto — " Amor queat obedientia." 

PAINTERS' GUILD. Gules, three inescutcheons argent. Mantling— Gn\es and 
argent. Crest — Out of a coronet, a demi-maiden proper richly habited per pale 
gules and argent between two fallow-deer's palmated attires proper. 

[The three shields were the trading sign of the " shield workers " throughout 
Europe— in Germany the field being gules, and in France and the Netherlands 
azure, the escutcheons being usually argent, but sometimes or. From the 
decoration and painting of shields, to the shield workers came the general craft 
of painting. These shields appear in the arms of the Painters' Company of 
London. The crest consisted of dragons' wings, stags' antlers, fallow-deer's 
horns, and the figure was always a feminine one, though very often it is a 
negress who is placed between the horns. The crest was supposed to be an 
imitation of the so-called " lusterweibchen " (figures of women to hold lamps or 
lustres — compare the crest of the Wax-chandlers' Company), which were also 
made by the shield workers.] 



588 





PADUA 



PADDINGTON 




PAINTERS' COMPANY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PAISLEY, Burgh of (Renfrewshire). Or, a fesse chequy azure and argent, 
between two cinquefoils gules in chief, and in base two covered cups of the 
second, over all the figure of a mitred Abbot vested proper, his dexter hand in 
the act of benediction, and his sinister holding a crozier also proper. Over the 
shield a mural crown. Motto (below shield) — " Lord, let Paisley flourish by the 
preaching of Thy Word." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 4th April 191 2.] 

PALERMO (Italy). Gules, an eagle displayed and crowned or, holding in its 
claws a scroll argent, charged with the letters S.P.O.R. 

PAPER-STAINERS (Gateshead). (Query Paynter-Stainers.) Azure, a chevron 
between three phoenix heads erased or. Ci-esl — A phoenix close or, in flames 
proper. Supporters — Two leopards argent, spotted sable, ducally crowned, 
collared and chained or. 

[Of no authority, taken from the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 

PARAGUAY. Azure, on a mount in base vert a lion sejant to the sinister and 
guardant or, in front of a pole, thereon a cap of liberty gules, irradiated or, the 
pole between the words "Paz y" on the de.xter side, and "Justicia" on the 
sinister side. 

PARIS (France). Gules, on waves of the sea in base a three-masted ship in full 
sail proper, a chief azure, seme-de-lis or. 



59° 





PALERMO 



PAISLEY 




PARAGUAY 




PARIS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PARISH CLERKS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 1232.) 
Azure, a fleur-de-lis or, on a chief gules, a leopard's face between two song 
books (closed) of the second, stringed vert. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, 
a cubit arm erect vested azure, cuffed ermine, holding in the hand proper a 
music book (open) of the last, garnished or, stringed vert. Motto — " Unitas 
Societatis Stabilitas." 

[Granted 30th March 15S2. Confirmed, approved, and entered by Henry 
St George, at the Visitation of London, 1634]. Supporters are used, viz. on 
either side an angel holding by the interior hand and blowing a trumpet, but 
these are of no authority.] 

PARMA, Duchy of Or, six fleurs-de-lis azure. 

PARTICK (Lanarkshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Those 
upon the seal, which appear to be in general use, are of quite recent invention, 
and are as follows : — Quarterly or and gules, in the first and fourth quarters a 
lymphad with sails furled and oars in action sable, in the second a castle triple- 
towered, and in the third a bishop's mitre labelled, both proper ; over all on a 
chief sable a garb, also proper, between two bezants (they are so blazoned in the 
Catalogue of the Heraldic Exhibition, but query if they really are ; the seal and 
notepaper before me are very indistinct, they may be intended for mill-stones. 
— Ed.). Crest^A steamboat. Motto — " Industria ditat." 

PATENTEES FOR THE MAKING AND DRESSING OF ALAMODES, 
RENFORCE, AND LUTE STRINGS Argent, on a chevron azure, between 
two butterflies countervolant in chief sable, and a mulberry tree proper on a 
mount in base vert, both charged with several silkworms or, three cocoons or 
silkworm's eggs of the last. Ciest — On a wreath of the colours, a Justice proper, 
crined or, about the head a glory, in the right hand a sword, hilt and pommel gold, 
blade proper, in the left a pair of scales or. Motto — " Deus illustrat humiies." 

[Granted, College of Arms, " to Peter de Clux, Wm. Sherard, and Paul 
Clowdesley of London, empowered by patent under the Great Seal to make 
Alamodes, Renforce and Lutestrings to be used for sealing the above 
commodities."] 

PATTEN MAKERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 
2nd August 1670.) Gules, on a chevron argent, between three pattens or, tied 
of the second, the ties lined azure, two cutting knives conjoined sable. Crest- 
On a wreath of the colours, a patten as in the arms. Motto — " Recipient 
Foeminse Sustentacula nobis." 
[Of no authority.] 



592 





PARMA 



PARISH CLERKS, COMPANY OF 




PATTEN MAKERS, COMPANY OF 




I Jii/QPuscRifl-DicaciQl f 




PARTICK 



2P 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PAVIORS, The Worshipful Company of, London. Argent, a chevron between 
three flagstones sable. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an arm embowed 
vested azure, cuffed argent, holding in the hand proper a pickaxe of the last. 
Motto — " God can raise to Abraham children of stones." 
[Of no authority.] 

PAYNTER-STAYNERS. Refer to Painters, and refer to Cutlers. 

PEARL LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY, LIMITED (London). Argent, a 
saltire gules, surmounted by a sword erect counterchanged between a covered 
cup and a hind lodged, pierced with an arrow, in fesse of the second. Crest — On 
a wreath of the colours, a figure representing St Margaret vested gules, in the 
dexter hand a pearl, in the sinister a palm branch both proper, at the feet a 
dragon couchant reguardant argent. Motto — " Damus plus quam pollicimur." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 191 1.] 

PEEBLESSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the County Council 
simply exhibits the legend, " Peeblesshire County Council." 

PEEBLES, Royal Burgh of (Peeblesshire). Gules, three salmon counter-naiant 
in pale proper. Motto — " Contra nando incrementum." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1894. The device, in allusion to the 
spawning of salmon in the river, indicates that for every salmon which goes up 
the river, two go back to the sea.] 

PEEL (Isle of Man). Has no armorial bearings. 

PEMBROKESHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

PEMBROKE (Pembrokeshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
castle triple-towered, the two exterior towers domed and on each a flag. The 
legend is " Sigilhim commune Penbrochie." 

PEMBROKE COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in 1620 by the joint benefactions 
of Thomas Tesdale, of Glympton, Co. O.xford, and Richard W'hitwick, B.A., 
Rector of Ilsley, Co. Berks; originally it was called Broadgate Hall, famous for 
the study of the civil law and obtained the name of Pembroke College from the 
Earl of Pembroke, who was Chancellor of the Universitj' when the college was 
founded.) Per pale azure and gules three lions rampant two and one argent, a 
chief per pale or and of the third charged on the dexter side with a rose of the 
second, and on the sinister with a thistle vert. 
[Of no authority.] 



594 




PAVIORS, COMPANY OF 




PEARL LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY 





PEMBROKE COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



PEEBLES 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PEMBROKE HALL (Cambridge). (Founded in 1343 by Mary, daughter of 
Guy de Chastillion, Compte de St Paul, in France, and wife of Aymer de 
Valence, Earl of Pembroke.) The dexter half of the coat of Valence, dimidiated 
with the sinister half of the coat of Chastillion. The arms of Valance are — 
Barry of sixteen argent and azure, over all ten martlets in orle gules. Those of 
de Chastillion — Gules, three pallets vair on a chief or, a label of three points 
throughout azure. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

PENANG (otherwise Prince of Wales's Island). Refer to Straits Settlements. 

PENNSYLVANIA, U.S.A. (State device.) Arms, on a fesse between a ship in full 
sail in chief, and three garbs, or wheat sheaves in base, an eagle, wings expanded 
Supporters — Two horses. Motto — " Liberty and Independence." 

PENRHYN (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents upon an 
escutcheon a man's bust in profile, vested about and couped below the shoulders, 
wreathed about the temples with leaves tied at the back with two ribbons, and 
with the legend " Burgus Penryn." Berry, who treats this as a coat-of-arms, 
adds a note ; " There is not any painting of the arms in the Borough, but it is 
there supposed that the field should be white and the head ppr." 

PENZANCE (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents the head 
of St John the Baptist in a charger, with the legend, " Pensans anno Domini 
1614." 

PEPPERERS' COMPANY. Refer to Grocers. 

PERSIA. Azure, on a mount in front of the sun in splendour, a lion statant 
guardant or, holding in his dexter paw a scymitar, all proper. 



596 




X~LS 




PEMBROKE HALL (CAMBRIDGE) 





PENRHYN 



PERSIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PERTH, County of. The County of Perth bears Or, a lyon rampant gules, armed 
and langued azure, standing on a compartment or mount proper, and brandish- 
ing in his dexter fore-paw a scymitar of the last, all within a double tressure 
flowered and counter-flowered of the second ; on a dexter chief canton of the 
third a front view of the Palace of Scone argent, ensigned on the top with an 
imperial crown proper. Above the shield on a wreath of the liveries is set for 
Crest — A demy Highlander affrontee, bonnet, belted, plaid, dirk and pistols, 
brandishing in his right hand a broadsword aloft in a threatening posture, a 
target on his left arm, all proper, and on a compartment below the shield, on 
which are these words, " Pro lege et libertate," are placed for Supporters — On 
the dexter an eagle regardant with wings adossee proper, and on the sinister a 
war-horse, argent furnished gules. 

Matriculated, Lyon Office, 23rd January 1800. 

(The original patent was found with some other old papers in this Office on 
1 2th April 1890, and compared with the entry and found correct, and it was sent 
to the Clerk of the County Council of Perth on the 14th April 1890.) 

The following is a copy of the patent, which is given as being remarkable in 
several ways : — 

" To all and sundry whom these Presents Do or May Concern, we Robert 
Auriol Drummond Hay, Earl of Kinnoul, Lord Lyon King at Arms for Scotland, 
Do hereby certify and declare that ensigns armorial pertaining or belonging to 
the County of Perth Are matriculated in the Publick Registers of the Lyon 
Office and are blazoned as on the margin thus viz. or, a lion rampant Gules 
Armed and Langued Azure, standing on a Compartment or Mount Proper and 
brandishing in his dexter fore paw, a Scymitar of the last all within a double 
tressure flowered and counterflowered of the second on a Dexter chief 
Canton of the third a front view of the Palace of Scone Argent ensigned on the 
top with an Imperial crown proper. Above the Shield on a wreath of the 
Liveries is set for Crest, a Demy Highlander affrontee, Bonnet, Belted, Plaid, 
Dirk and Pistols, Brandishing in his Right hand a broad sword aloft in a 
threatening posture a Target on his left arm all proper. And on a Compartment 
below the shield on which are these words Pro lege et libertate, are placed for 
Supporters on the dexter an Eagle reguardant with wings addossee proper. And 
on the Sinister a War Horse Argent, furnished Gules which Armorial Ensigns 
above blazoned We Do hereby Ratify Confirm, and Assign to the County of 
Perth as Its Proper Arms and Bearing In All Time Coming, In Testimony 
whereof These presents are subscribed by James Home, Esquire, Our Deputy 
and the Great Seal of Our Office is appended Hereunto At Edinburgh the 
Twenty third day of January, In the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred. — 

(Signed) James Home. 

" Lyon Office, 23 January i8cx3. 

"This Patent duly recorded.— RoB. RANKEN, E.A.C." 



598 




PERTH, COUNTY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PERTH (Perthshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows :— " The Royall 
Burgh of Peaith gives for Ensigncs Arvioriall, Gules, ane holy lambe passant 
regardant staff and cross argent, with the Banner of St Andrew proper, all 
within a double tressure colour-flowered of the second, the escutcheon being 
surmounted on the breast of ane eagle with two neckes displayed or. The 
Motto in ane EscroU, Pro Rege Lege et Grege." 

PERTH, See of (Western Australia). Azure, two crosiers in saltire argent, 
headed or between four mullets pierced and radiated gold. 
[Of no authority.] 

PERU. Per fesse and the chief per pale, dexter azure, on a mount in base vert, a 
Llama or Peruvian sheep to the sinister proper : the sinister argent, on a mount 
in base vert, a tree proper, the base gules, a cornucopia fesseways or. 

Berry, in his "Encyclopaedia Heraldica," quotes the following coat : — 
Arms — The Sierra, with the sea in base, from behind the mountains, 
the sun rising in splendour, all proper. Crest — A plantain, fructed proper. 
Supporters — On the dexter side a condor eagle, and on the sinister a Llama, 
or Peruvian sheep, both proper. Motto — " Renacio el Sol de Peru." (The 
Sun of Peru is risen again.) Colours — Fesseways of three gules argent and 
gules, the sun in splendour or. 



600 




PERTH 





PERU 



PERTH, SEE OF (WESTERN AUSTRALIA) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PETERBOROUGH (Northamptonshire). Azure, two keys endorsed in saltire or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

Burke in his " General Armory " gives, Gules, two keys endorsed in saltire 
between four cross crosslets fitchee. Berry also gives this coat, and adds a 
note : " Peterborough uses for its Arms those of the Deanery, the Dean and 
Chapter being Lords of the Manor." 

PETERBOROUGH, See of. Gules, two keys in saltire, the wards upwards between 
four cross crosslets fitchee or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

PETERBOROUGH, Dean of. Gules, two swords in saltire between four crosses 
pattee argent. 

[Of no authority.] 

PETERHEAD (Aberdeenshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal, however, which bears the legend " Town of Peterhead," e.xhibits what 
is probably intended for the achievement of Keith, Earl Marischal of Scotland, 
namely, Argent, on a chief or, three pallets gules. This should of course be. 
Argent, on a chief gules, three pallets or. Crest — A hart's head proper. Motto — 
" Veritas vincit." Behind the escutcheon are placed the two batons appertaining 
to the office of Earl Marischal. Upon the Town-Clerk's notepaper, and within 
the legend, " Police Commissioners and Town Council of Peterhead," appears the 
same achievement though here the batons are omitted, the error in the chief is 
corrected, but a coronet, a peer's helmet, a lambrequin and two harts as 
supporters are introduced. The coronet is one unknown to the editor as a 
coronet of rank, in which guise it appears, being placed below the helmet. 



602 





PETERBOROUGH 



PETERBOROUGH, DEAN OF 




PETERBOROUGH, SEE OF 




PETERHEAD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PETER HOUSE, or ST PETER'S COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 
1256 by Hugh de Balesham, or Balsham, Bishop of Ely.) Or, three palets gules, 
a bordure of the last charged with eight ducal coronets of the first. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

PETERSBURG. See St Petersburg. 

PETERSFIELD (Hampshire). Has no armorial bearings, but the following are 
quoted by Burke's " General Armory " : " Ar. on a rose gu. barbed vert, an 
escutcheon of the first, charged with an annulet sa. betw. four pellets." 

PETROGRAD. See St Petersburg. 

PEWTERERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 20th 
January 1473.) Azure, on a chevron or, between three cross-bars of pewter 
(antique limbecks) argent, as many roses gules seeded of the second and barbed 
vert. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a mount vert, thereon two arms 
embowed vested argent, cuffed gules, holding in both hands a pewter dish of the 
third. Supporters — Two sea-horses or, their tails proper. Motto — " In God is 
all my Trust." 

[Granted 20th May 1479.] 

PEWTERERS (Gateshead). Azure, on a chevron or, between three antique 
limbecks argent, as many roses gules. Crest — Two arms embowed proper, 
holding in both arms erect a dish argent. Supporters — Two sea-horses or, tails 
proper. Motto — " In God is all my trust." 

[Of no authority. Taken from the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 



604 





PETER HOUSE, OR ST PETER'S COLL. (CAMB.) 



PETERSFIELD 




PEWTERERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN. Or, on a cross 
gules between a dove holding in the mouth an olive branch in the first quarter, 
an aloe in the second, a staff erect entwined by a serpent in the third, and an 
alembic and receiver in the fourth, all proper, a pair of scales of the first, on a 
chief azure, a stag lodged also of the first. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a 
mortar, therein a pestle or. — Supporters — (Dexter) a figure intended to represent 
Avicenna habited in a dark red robe, with a white undervest, his shoes red, 
around his waist a shawl also red, fringed gold, and upon his head a white 
turban, in his right hand a staff gold entwined with a serpent proper ; (sinister) 
a figure intended to represent Galen habited in a long white vest and loose 
robe, his sandals red, and holding in his right hand a steelyard or. Motto — 
" Habenda ratio valetudinis." 

[College of Arms. Gts., xlvii. 74, 79.] 

PHILOSOPHY SCHOOL (Cambridge). The arms of the See of Lincoln, 
impaling, Argent a cross moline sable, being the arms of William Alnwick, 
Bishop of Lincoln. 
[Not authorised.] 

PHOTOCHEMIGRAPHISTS, Guild of (Germany). Per fesse, in chief sable a 
demi-sun in splendour issuant or, the base per pale on the dexter side gules, an 
acid flask proper, on the sinister argent, a printing-roller sable. Mantlmg — Or 
and sable. Crest — On a wreath of the same, three sunflowers proper. Motto — 
" In luce mundus." 

PHYSIC SCHOOL (Cambridge). Refer to Cambridge University, Regius 
Professors. 

PHYSICIANS, Royal College of (London). (Incorporated by Henry VIII., a.d. 
1523.) Sable, a hand proper vested argent, issuing out of clouds in chief of the 
second rayonnee or, feeling the pulse of an arm proper issuing from the sinister 
side of the shield vested argent, in base a pomegranate or, between five demi 
fleurs-de-lis bordering the edge of the escutcheon of the last. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

PHYSICIANS, College of (Dublin). (College constituted by Charles II., and arms 
granted by St George, Ulster, 25th August 1667.) Per fesse argent and azure in 
the middle of the chief a celestial hand issuing out of a cloud feeling the pulse 
of a terrestrial hand all proper, and in base the royal harp of Ireland, as a dis- 
tinction from the arms of the like College in England. Motto — " Ratione et 
experientia." 



606 




PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN 





PHYSICIANS, COLLEGE OF (LONDON) 



PHOTOCHEMIGRAPHISTS, GUILD OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PHYSICIANS, King and Queen's College of (Ireland). (College reconstituted 
29th September 1692, and arms regranted by Burke, Ulster, 1S63. By a new 
Charter this is now The Royal College of Physicians in Ireland.) Per fesse 
ermine and azure, a dexter celestial hand issuing out of clouds in chief proper, 
and in base the harp of Ireland ensigned with the royal crown, all also proper. 
Motto — " Ratione et experientia." 

PHYSICIANS, Royal College of (Edinburgh). Argent, issuing from a mount in 
base an oak tree proper, fructed or, on a canton of the last a lion rampant within 
a double tressure flory counterflory gules. Mantling — Vert, doubled argent. 
Crest — Issuing out of a ducal coronet, the figure of Apollo, couped at the waist, 
with bow and quiver on his back, and holding a lyre in his hands, wreathed 
about the temples with a garland of bay all proper, and in an escroll over the 
same this Motto — " Non sinit esse feros." Supporters — Two savages wreathed 
about the middle with oak proper, the one on the dexter holding in his exterior 
hand a covered cup or, and that on the sinister a sprig of rue vert. 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1900.] 



608 




PHYSICIANS, KING AND QUEEN'S COLLEGE OF (IRELAND) 




^'') 



PHYSICIANS, ROYAL COLLEGE OF (EDINBURGH) 



2Q 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF GLASGOW, Royal Faculty of. 
Quarterly : i and 4 azure, an ^Esculapian rod in pale between a lancet on 
the dexter, and a poppy slipped and seeded on the sinister, all proper ; 2 or, a 
lion rampant gules, armed and langued azure, within a double tressure flory 
counterflory of the second ; 3 argent, on a mount in base vert, an oak-tree 
proper, the stem at the base thereof surmounted by a salmon on its back also 
proper, with a signet ring in its mouth or, on the top of the tree a redbreast, and 
in the sinister fess point an ancient handbell, both proper [Helmet of a 
Knight]. Mantling — Azure doubled argent. Crest— An open book proper, 
leaved gules, surmounted of an antique burning lamp or, and in an escrol over 
the same this Motto — "Conjurat amice." Supporters — (Dexter) the figure ol 
Minerva habited azure and argent, fimbriated sable, her helmet or, holding a 
spear proper in her dexter hand and a palm branch vert downwards in her 
sinister ; and (sinister) the figure of Hygeia habited argent, fimbriated gules, on 
her head a tiara or, her dexter arm entwined with a serpent proper feeding out 
of a cup gold in her sinister hand: on a compartment below the shield this 
Motto — " Non vivere sed valere vita." 

[Matriculated, Lyon Office, January 14, 1910.] 

PINNERS' or PINMAKERS' COMPANY (London). (Incorporated 20th 
August 1636.) Vert, a demi-virgin couped at the waist proper, vested gules, 
turned down ermine, crowned and crined or. Motto — "Virginitas unitas 
nostra fraternitas." 

Berry, in his "Encyclopaedia Heraldica," says of the foregoing, "This, 
however is to be esteemed the fancy of some painter and not regular arms, as the 
Company do not pretend to have any armorial ensign." The above device is 
really the design upon the seal. 

PIPEMAKERS' COMPANY. Refer to Tobacco Pipemakers' Company. 

PISA (Italy). Gules, a cross urdee argent. 

PITTENWEEM (Fifeshire). The entry in the Lyon Register is as follows: 
— " The Royall Burgh of Pittenweeme gives for Ensignes Armoriall, Azur in the 
sea a Gallie with her oars in action argent, and therein standing the figure of 
Saint Adrian with long garments close girt, and a mytre on his head proper, 
holding in his sinister hand a crosier or. On the stern a flag disveloped argent, 
charged with the Royall Armes of Scotland, with this word ' Deo Duce.' 2nd 
August 1673." 



610 




PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF GLASGOW 




PITTENWEEM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PLAISTERERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated loth 
March 1501.) Azure, on a chevron engrailed argent, between two plaisterers' 
hammers and a trowel argent in chief, handles or, and a brush of four knots in 
base of the third, handled of the fourth, a rose gules, seeded or, stalked and 
leaved vert between two fleurs-de-lis of the first. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a de.xter arm embowed, vested bendy of four gules and or, holding in 
the hand proper a plaisterer's hammer argent, handled or. Supporters — Two 
opinici vert, purfled or, winged and membered gules. Motto—" Let brotherly 
love continue." (Another, " Factum est.") 

[Granted by Hawley, Clarenceux, 15th January 1546. Grant printed " Misc. 
Gen. et Her," i. 139.] 

PLANTATIONS Refer to Trade and Pantations, Commissioners of 

PLASTERERS' COMPANY. Refer to Plaisterers and to Bricklayers and 
Plasterers. 

PLAYING-CARD MAKERS' COMPANY. Refer to Makers of Playing Cards. 

PLUMBERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 12th 
April 161 1.) Or, on a chevron sable, between a cross-staff fessewise of the last 
enclosed by two plummets azure, all in chief, and a level reversed in base of 
the second, two soldering irons in saltire, between a cutting-knife on the dexter, 
and a shave-hook on the sinister argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours. 
a triple fountain or, issuing water proper, on the top an angel of the last, 
vested argent, ducally crowned and winged of the first, holding in the dexter 
hand a sword and in the sinister a pair of scales both or. Mottoes — (over crest) 
"Justicia et pax," (below arms) " In God is all our Hope." 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

PLUMBERS (Gateshead). Argent, on a chevron between a cross-staff fesseways 
sable, enclosed by two plummets azure all in chief, and in base a level reversed 
of the second, two soldering irons in saltire or, between a cutting-knife on the 
dexter and a shavehook on the sinister side of the first. Crest — A triple fountain 
argent, issuing water proper, on the top an angel holding in the dexter hand a 
sword and in the sinister a pair of scales, all or. 

[Of no authority. Taken from the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 



6l2 




PLAISTERERS, COMPANY OF 




PLUMBERS, COMPANY OF (LONDON) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PLYMOUTH (Devonshire). Argent, a saltire vert between four towers sable. 
Recorded in the College of Arms, as is also an older coat, namely, Gules, on 
waves of the sea proper, a three-masted ship or, on each mast a sail furled 
argent and a banner of St George, on the main-mast a round top. The saltire 
is supposed to be in allusion to St Andrew, the patron saint of the principal 
church of Plymouth. Upon the seal recorded in the visitation containing the 
first-mentioned arms the escutcheon is surmounted by a coronet composed of 
fleurs-de-lis and strawberry leaves. This coronet appears always to be made 
use of, though usually drawn as of fleurs-de-lis only (perhaps because Burke so 
quotes it as of eight). Likewise two supporters (two lions rampant guardant or) 
seem to have been appropriated without any authority, together with the Motto, 
"Turris fortissima est nomen Jehova." As it is invariably so used, an illustra- 
tion is given of the whole, but it should be clearly understood that the escutcheon 
only is of any authority. 

POLAND. Refer to Russia. The former Kings of Poland bore quarterly, I 
and 4 gules, an eagle displayed argent, beaked, membered, and crowned 
or (Poland), 2 and 3 gules, a cavalier completely accoutred in armour, on 
a horse in full speed argent, in his dexter hand a drawn sword, on the 
sinister arm a shield azure, thereon a patriarchal cross argent (for Lithuania), 
over all, an escocheon of pretence per fesse sable and argent, two swords in 
saltire, their points in chief gules, hilts and pommels or, impaling Saxony. 
Crest — On an imperial crown, an eagle displa)'ed as in the arms, the shield 
encompassed with the ensigns of the order of the White Eagle. 

POLLOKSHAWS (Co. Renfrew). Has no armorial bearings. Those upon the 
seal are argent, on a saltire sable, an annulet or stoned proper, in chief a tree 
eradicated also proper. Motto — " Labor vincit." 

POLYNESIA, See of. Barry wavy azure and argent, on a cross gules a mitre, and 
in the first quarter a range of mountains below three stars. 
[Of no authority.] 



614 




PLYMOUTH 




POLLOKSHAWS 



POLYNESIA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

POMERANIA, Province of (Prussia). Argent, a griffin segreant gules, armed or. 
Mantling — Gules and argent. Crest — Out of a coronet or, a plume of peacock's 
feathers proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a wild man wreathed about the head and 
middle with oak-leaves, supporting with his dexter hand a banner of Prussia ; 
(sinister) a man in complete armour, supporting with his exterior hand a banner 
of Pomerania. 

PONTEFRACT (Yorkshire). Sable, a quadrangular castle with four towers in 
perspective argent, masoned proper, the base of the escutcheon water azure. 

[Recorded, College of Arms, in Glover's " Visitation of Yorkshire," taken in 
the year 1584.] 

POOLE (Dorsetshire). Barry wavy of ten a dolphin embowed, and in chief three 
escallops. In the visitation books no colours are given, and the bars are of 
unequal width. The editor has thought it better in this case, therefore, to 
adhere to the more generally quoted blazon, " Gules, three bars wavy or 
(sometimes argent, three bars wavy azure), over all a dolphin naiant embowed 
argent, in chief three escallops gold." Crest — Which is not recorded, but which 
appears on the seal, a mermaid holding in her dexter hand an anchor in pale 
cabled, without a beam, her sinister hand extended, holding a ball all proper. 
Motto — " Admorem villae de Poole." 

POPLAR, Borough of (London). Has no arms. The seal shows a device of three 
escutcheons, thereon, (a) a gateway, {b) a bridge, between two bars on each a bow 
stringed, (c) a human figure vested, the right hand raised in benediction, the 
sinister holding a crosier. 

PORTADOWN (Co. Armagh). Has no armorial bearings, and none are claimed 
except on the seal, which, within the legend " Portadown Town Commissioners, 
1883," displays the armorial bearings of His Grace the Duke of Manchester, as 
follows : — " Quarterly i and 4, argent, three lozenges conjoined in fesse gules, 
within a bordure sable (for Montagu); 2 and 3, or an eagle displayed vert, 
beaked and membered gules (for Monthermer)." Over a ducal coronet is placed 
for Crest — A griffin's head or, between two wings sable. (This should be gorged 
with a collar argent, charged with three lozenges gules.) Supporters — (Dexter) 
an heraldic antelope or, armed, unguled, and tufted argent, (sinister) a griffin with 
wings elevated or. (This should be collared as the Crest.) Motto — " Dis- 
ponendo me non mutando me." 

PORT AND HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS (Londonderry). Refer to 
Londonderry. 

PORTARLINGTON (Queen's County). Has no armorial bearings. 

PORTCULLIS PURSUIVANT OF ARMS. Badge— h portcullis or. 



616 




^^^s^^^pp^^^ 




PONTEFRACT 



POMERANIA 




■:^) 



POOLE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PORT-GLASGOW (Renfrewshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents a ship of three masts under full sail upon the sea, the main- 
sail charged with a tree, a fish, a bell, and a bird, being the arms of the City of 
Glasgow. From the main-mast flies the Union Jack, and at the stern the banner 
of St Andrew. Below is the inscription, " Ter et quater anno revisens aequor 
Atlanticum impune," all within the legend, "Common Seal of the Towns of 
Port-Glasgow and Newark." 

PORTOBELLO, Parliamentary Burgh of ( Edinburghshire). Quarterly first and 
fourth, azure, a three-masted vessel under sail or; second and third, argent, a 
cannon mounted on its carriage sable. Above the shield is placed a suitable 
helmet with a mantling gules doubled argent, and on a wreath of the proper 
liveries is set for Crest — A tower argent masoned sable, and on an escroll over 
the same this Motto — " Ope et consilio." 

Matriculated i8th March 1886. [The portcullis in the Crest is painted gules 
in the Lyon Register.] 



618 




PORTOBELLO 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PORT OF LONDON AUTHORITY. Azure, issuing from a castle argent, a 
demi-man vested, holding in the dexter hand a drawn sword, and in the sinister 
a scroll or, the one representing the Tower of London, the other the figure of 
St Paul, the patron saint of London. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an 
ancient ship or, the main-sail charged with the arms of the city of London. 
Supporters — On either side a sea-lion argent, crined, finned, and tufted or, issuing 
from waves of the sea proper, that to the dexter grasping the banner of King 
Edward II., that to the sinister the banner of King Edward VII. Motto — 
" Floreat imperii portus." Standard — Gules. Badge — A sea-lion grasping a 
trident or. 

[Granted, College of Arms : Arms and Crest, August 23, 1909 ; Supporters, 
August 26, 1909; Standard and Badge, August 30, 1909.] 



620 




PORT OF LONDON AUTHORITY 




PORT OF LONDON AUTHORITY STANDARD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PORTO RICO, Island of. Issuant from the sea in base the sun rising fronn 
behind mountains (? all proper), on a chief per fesse (? azure) and (? or), the 
latter charged with six pallets gules, the staff of Mercury erect (? proper) 
between, on the dexter side a branch of olive and on the sinister a branch 
of (?) all within a bordure also or. Crest — On waves of the sea a three-masted 
ship in full sail. Motto — "Prospera lux oritur." 

[These arms (without any verbal blazon) were declared by proclamation 
by William N. Hunt, Governor, 23th December 1901, pursuant to an Act of 
the Legislative Assembly, dated 31st January 1901.] 

The Porto Rican Legislature in 1905, however, discarded the above arms 
and reverted to its former device, granted by King Ferdinand V. of Spain 
in 151 1 which may be blazoned somewhat as follows : — , 

... an Agnus Dei statant on a Bible resting on a rock issuant from waves 
of the sea, in chief a sheaf of five arrows in saltire, points upwards, surmounted 
by a bow fesseways between the letters F and Y, each crowned, the whole 
of the foregoing device within a circle inscribed " Johannes est nomen ejus," 
the circle within an orle of castles, towers, and flags of Spain alternately and 
a bordure gules. 

PORT-PIGHAM, otherwise West Looe. See West Looe. 

PORTRUSH (Co. Antrim). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
Lewis's " Topographical Dictionary " gives " Gules, an anchor in pale cabled all 
proper." 

PORTSMOUTH (Hants). Azure, a crescent or, surmounted by an estoile of the 
last. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

PORTSMOUTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Uses two escutcheons placed accolle, 
viz., dexter, the arms of Portsmouth (q.v.), sinister, sable on a cross engrailed 
argent, a lion passant guardant gules between four leopards' faces vert, on a 
chief or, a rose gules between two birds of the fourth. Motto — " Pra;mia virtutis 
honores." 

PORTSOY. Has no armorial bearings. Those on the seal are argent, a lion 
rampant guardant gules, holding between his paws a plumb rule erect proper. 



$22 





PORTO RICO 



PORTO RICO 





PORTRUSH 



PORTSMOUTH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PORTUGAL, Kingdom of. Argent, five escutcheons in cross azure, on each as 
many plates in saltire, all within a bordure gules, thereon seven castles or. 
Supporters — Two dragons proper holding banners of the arms. Crest — Out 
of a coronet or, the head and wings of a dragon incensed gules. Mantling — 
Gules and or. 

\N.B. — The crest and supporters are hardly ever made use of] 

POSEN (Poland). Gules, on a mount in base vert a castle proper, in the open 
gateway a key in bend sinister or, surmounted by a key in bend argent, from 
each of the outer towers a human figure habited, the head within a glory or and 
the sinister figure holding in his dexter hand a key also or, in chiel an eagle 
displayed argent, crowned or. 

POSEN, Province of (Prussia). Argent, an eagle displayed sable, crowned 
beaked, legged, and with sachsen or, holding in its dexter claw a sceptre, and 
in its sinister an orb proper, and on its breast, surmounted by an open crown, an 
escocheon gules charged with an eagle displayed argent, crowned or. Afantltfig 
— Gules and argent. Crest — Out of a coronet, an eagle displayed argent, crowned 
or. Crest — Out of a crown or an eagle displayed argent, beaked and crowned 
or. Supporters — (Dexter) a savage supporting a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a 
man in complete armour, on his head a plume of feathers, argent and gules, 
supporting a banner of Posen as in the arms. 



$24 




POSEN (POLAND) 



PORTUGAL 








Di.i; 



POSEN, PROVINCE OF (PRUSSIA) 



ZR 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

POULTERS, or POULTERERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. 

(Incorporated 23rd February 1504.) Argent, on a chevron between three 
storks azure, as many swans proper. Crest — On a mural crown sable, a stork 
with wings expanded gules. Supporters — Two pelicans with wings endorsed or 
vulning their breasts proper. Motto — " Remember your oath." 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

PRAGUE (Bohemia). Gules, a tower, triple-towered or, domed argent, in the open 
gateway an arm in armour embowed fesseways, holding in the hand a sword 
in bend sinister all proper. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Refer to Church of Scotland. 

PRESSBURG (Hungary). Gules, on a mount in base vert, a tower porte ouverte 
proper, from the battlements three turrets also proper, domed azure. 



6s6 




POULTERERS, COMPANY OF 



I 1 1 i^^^ 





PRAGUE 



PRESSBURG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PRESTON (Lancashire). (Azure), a paschal lamb couchant, with the banner (all 
argent), round the head a nimbus (or), and in the base the letters P.P. (of the 
last). No colours are given in the visitation books, but the foregoing are 
believed to be correct. The legend is that P.P. stands for " Proud Preston." 

PRESTONPANS. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

PRESTWICK. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

PRETORIA, Municipality of (Transvaal, South Africa). Gules, on an acacia 
tree eradicated proper within an orle of eight bees volant or, an inescutcheon of 
the last, thereon a figure representing a Roman prsetor seated also proper. Crest 
— On a wreath of the colours, a triple-towered castle or. Motto — " Prsestantia 
praevaleat pra^toria." Supporters — On the dexter side an eland, and on the 
sinister side a koedor, both proper. 

[Granted, College of Arms. February 7, 1907.] 

PRETORIA, See of. Tierced in fesse gules argent and azure, in chief the lion of 
England supporting the Banner of St George, in base an anchor of the second. 
[Of no authority.] 



dzZ 




PRESTON 




PRETORIA, SEE OF 




PRETORIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (Dominion of Canada). Argent, on an island 
vert to the sinister an oak-tree fructed, to the dexter thereof three oak saplings, 
sprouting all proper on a chief gules, a lion passant guardant or. Motto — 
" Parva sub ingenti." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 30th May 1905.] 

PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND (otherwise Penang). Refer to Straits Settle- 
ments. 

PRINTERS' GUILD (Vienna). Or, the double-headed eagle of the Roman- 
German Empire, the heads each within a nimbus and armed gules, holding in 
the dexter claw a leaf-holder and in the sinister a composing-stick. Mantling — 
Gules and argent. Crest — Out of a coronet, a denii-griffin argent, armed gules, 
holding in its claws two printing balls, one above the other, the heads conjoined. 

PRIVY-COUNCIL OFFICE. The seal of office represents a rose and a thistle 
each stalked, leaved, and conjoined to one stem in base between the royal 
supporters of England, the lion holding the rose between his forefeet, and the 
unicorn the thistle. The supporters standing on a scroll, with the words 
" Sigill. Priv. Council " ; over the rose and thistle the regal crown of England. 

PROCTERS. Refer to Attorneys, etc 

PROCURATORS, FACULTY OF, IN GLASGOW. Gules, the figure of 
St Kentigern affrontee, vested and mitred, his right hand raised in the act 
of benediction, and having in his left hand a crosier, between two branches of 
laurel disposed orleways, that on the dexter having a salmon haurient attached 
by a ring in its mouth thereto, and that on the sinister having an ancient hand- 
bell suspended from it, ensigned with a robin-redbreast all proper. On an 
escroll below the shield this inscription: — "The Faculty of Procurators in 
Glasgow." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, nth March 1912.] 

PROVINCE WELLESLEY. Refer to Straits Settlements. 

PRUDENTIAL ASSURANCE COMPANY, LIMITED (London). Sable, three 
bars embattled or, within two flaunches argent, each charged with three martlets 
in pale gules. Crest — A female figure proper, vested argent, cloaked and girdled 
gules, resting the sinister arm on the trunk of an oak-tree eradicated and sprout- 
ing, thereon an hour-glass, and holding in the dexter hand a mirror which she is 
regarding, and in the sinister an arrow entwined by a serpent all proper. Motto 
— " Fortis qui prudens." 

[Granted, College of Arms, March 15, 1904.] 



630 





PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND 



PROCURATORS, FACULTY OF, IN GLASGOW 





FORTiSQUt- PRUOENSl^g 

tms ^^" 

PRUDENTIAL ASSURANCE COMPANY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PRUSSIA, Kingdom of. Usually the following is made use of: — Argent, an eagle 
displayed sable, beaked, legged and crowned or, and with sachsen or holding in 
the dexter claw a sceptre and in the sinister an orb, and charged on the breast 
with the cypher F.R. Above the shield is placed the Royal Crown. The crest 
is seldom used, but is "out of a coronet a demi-eagle as in the arms." The 
Supporters are two savages proper, wreathed about the waist with leaves vert. 
Motto — "Gott mit uns." 

The " middle " shield, which is illustrated, shows some of the quarterings. 
But the greater shield of the kingdom consists of forty-eight quarterings and 
three inescutcheons. The German method of numbering is different from the 
British, and the following description is numbered in the British way from 
dexter to sinister. The forty-eight quarterings are arranged in eight rows of six 
as follows : — 

I. Westphalia, gules, a horse saliant argent. 2. Posen, argent, a Prussian 
eagle, on its breast an escutcheon gules surmounted by an open crown, and 
charged with an eagle displayed argent, crowned or. 3. SiLESL'V, or, an eagle 
displayed sable, crowned and armed of the field, on its breast and wings a 
crescent and crosslet conjoined argent. 4. The Lower Rhine or Rhineland, 
argent, the Prussian eagle charged on the breast with an escutcheon vert, charged 
with a bend wavy of the field, and surmounted by an open crown. 5. Saxony, 
barry of ten or and sable, a crown of rue in bend vert. 6. Engern, argent, 
three "Seeblatter" leaves gules. 7. MAGDEBURG, per fesse gules and argent. 

8. HOLSTEIN, gules, an inescutcheon per fesse argent and of the field within 
three nettle-leaves, and as many passion nails alternately disposed in orle. 

9. POMERANIA, argent, a griffin segreant gules, armed or. 10. LUNEBUKG, or, 
seme of hearts gules, a lion rampant azure. 11. SCHLESWIG, or, two lions 
passant in pale azure. 12. Bremen, gules, two keys in saltire, wards upwards 
argent, in chief a cross patee fitchee at the foot of the last. 13. Wenden, 
argent, a griffin segreant bendy sinister of six gules and vert. 14. JULIERS, or, 
a lion rampant sable. 15. Gelders, azure, a lion rampant or. 16. Cleves 
gules, an escarbuncle or, the centre thereof an inescutcheon argent. 17. Berg, 
argent, a lion rampant gules, crowned azure. 18. Casubia, or, a griffin segreant 
sable. 19. Thuringia, azure, a lion rampant barry of eight gules and argent 
crowned or. 20. MECKLENBURG, or, a bull's head and neck erased sable, armed 
and ringed argent, crowned gules. 21. KRO.SSEN, or, an eagle displayed sable, 
charged on the breast and wings with a crescent argent. 22. Lauenberg, gules, 
a horse's head couped argent within a bordure compony argent and sable. 

23. Hesse, azure, a lion rampant barry of eight argent and gules, crowned or. 

24. Ober-Lausitz, per fesse embattled azure and masonry or. 25. Per pale 
{a) Paderborn, gules, a cross or ; [b) Pyrmont, argent, a cross moline gules. 
26. RUGEN, per fesse or and azure, issuant in chief a demi-lion rampant double 
queued sable, crowned gules, in base five stones fesseways conjoined in a pyramid, 
one, two and two gules. 27. NiEDER Lausitz, argent, an ox statant gules. 
28. Oranien, or, a bugle-horn azure, garnished of the field, stringed gules. 

632 




PRUSSIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

29. East Friesland, sable, a harpy (jung frauen-adler) between four stars or. 

30. Halberstadt, per pale argent and gules. 31. Verden, argent, a cross-patee 
sable fitche at the foot. 32. OSNABURG, argent, a wheel gules. 33. MUNSTER, 
azure, a fesse or. 34. MiNDEN, gules, two keys in saltire, wards upwards, argent. 
35. HiLDESHEIM, per pale gules and or. 36. Cammin, gules, a cross moline 
argent. 17. Glatz, gules, two bends sinister arched or. 38. MORS, or, a fesse 
sable. 39. Fulda, argent, a cross sable. 40. NASSAU, azure, billette and a lion 
rampant crowned or. 41. Henneberg, or, on a mount vert a hen sable, combed 
gules. 42. Per pale {a) Mark, or, a fesse chequy gules and argent : {b) Ravens- 
BERG, argent, three chevronels gules. 43. VeringEN, or, three stags' horns 
fesseways in pale azure. 44. Mansfeld, argent six lozenges conjoined through- 
out gules. 45. HOHENSTEIN, barry of four gules and argent, a pale counter- 
changed. 46. Per pale {a) TecKLENBERG, argent, three hearts gules ; {b) LiNGEN, 
azure, an anchor or. 47. SiGMARlNGEN, azure, on a mount in base vert, a stag 
trippant or. 48. Frankfurt, gules, an eagle displayed argent, armed or. The 
point of the shield in base is gules. Over the quarterings on the central palar line 
are three inescutcheons, in the centre the arms of Prussia, i.e. argent, an eagle dis- 
played sable armed, crowned, and charged on the breast and wings with sachsen, 
and the cypher F.R., holding in the dexter claw a sceptre and in the sinister an 
orb. This inescutcheon is crowned with the Prussian Crown. The second 
inescutcheon is that of Brandenberg, viz., argent, an eagle displayed gules, crowned 
with an electoral bonnet, the wings having sachsen or, on the breast an escutcheon 
azure, thereon a sceptre in pale or. This inescutcheon is surmounted by an 
electoral bonnet. The third inescutcheon in base is per fesse in chief or, a lion 
passant sable, crowned gules, within a bordure compony argent and gules for 
Nuremburg, in base quarterly argent and sable for HOHENZOLLERN. This 
inescutcheon is surmounted by a prince's crown 

Above the shield is an open helmet gold, lined red, with a mantling sable, 
lined argent, and upon the helmet the Prussian crown. Supporters — On either 
side a wild man, wreathed about the head and middle with oak leaves, and each 
supporting in his exterior hand a banner, the dexter of Prussia, the sinister of 
Brandenburg. The pavilion is crimson seme alternately of golden crowns and 
black eagles, and is lined with ermine. On a blue riband, thereon is the Motto— 
"Gott mit uns," the pavilion also being surmounted by the Prussian crown, 
behind which rises a staff, and depending therefrom a forked pennon of Prussia. 

PRUSSIA, EAST (Province of). Argent, an eagle displayed sable, crowned, 
beaked, legged, and with sachsen or, holding in the dexter claw a sceptre and 
in the sinister an orb proper, and charged on the breast with a cypher or. Mant- 
ling— ^-dkA^ and argent. Crest — On a coronet or, an eagle displayed as in the arms. 
Stipporters—{T)exter) a wild man wreathed about the head and middle with oak- 
leaves ; (sinister) a man in complete armour, each holding in his exterior hand a 
banner of the arms. 



634 




PRUSSIA, EAST 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

PRUSSIA, WEST (Province of). Argent, an eagle displayed sable, armed or, 
about the neck a coronet, and issuant therefrom to the dexter, a dexter arm in 
armour embowed, brandishing in the hand a sword, all proper. Mantling — Sable 
and argent. Crest — Out of a coronet or a demi-eagle as in the arms. Supporters 
— (Dexter) a wild man wreathed about the head and middle with oak-leaves, and 
supporting in his exterior hand a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a man in complete 
armour, supporting with his exterior hand a banner of West Prussia. 

PUDSEY, Borough of (Yorkshire). Argent, on a chevron vert, between two 
pairs of shuttles saltirewise in chief and a woolpack in base proper, three mullets 
pierced or, all within a bordure engrailed gules, charged with eight roses of the 
field. Motto — " Be just and fear not." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 1901.] 

These arms are based upon those of the family of Pudsey. 

PWLLHELI (Carnarvonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following is, 
however, attributed to the Town : "... On a mount an elephant passant, on 
his back a castle, his trunk extended between two palm-trees all proper." This, 
of course, is taken from the common seal, which shows this design, with the 
legend, " Sigillum communitis ville de Porthely." 



636 




w^^^^^^*/-^-^^ 



PRUSSIA, WEST 





PWLLHELI 



PUDSEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

QU'APPELLE, See of (Canada). Ermine, a passion cross gules, on a chief azure, 
the sun rising irradiated proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

QUEBEC, Province of (Dominion of Canada). Or, on a fesse gules, between two 
fleurs-de-lis azure in chief, and a sprig of three leaves of maple vert in base, a 
lion passant guardant or. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 1869.] 

QUEBEC, See of Per fesse wavy azure and gules, in chief a book open proper, 
clasped and ornamented gold, upon the book a crosier in bend or, in base a 
lion passant guardant of the fourth, holding in the dexter paw a key erect argent, 
on a canton of the last a cross of the second between four crosses patee fitchde 
sable. 

[College of Arms. Gts., xviii. 252.] 

QUEENBOROUGH (Kent). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
upon a mount a double castle, and from the upper battlements the bust of a 
woman affrontee, the hair dishevelled and ducally crowned. 

QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS. No warrant assigning arms has ever been 
issued for Queen Charlotte Islands, which are now included in the province of 
British Columbia. 



638 





QU'APPELLE, SEE OF 



QUEBEC, SEE OF 




QUEBEC, PROVINCE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

QUEEN ELIZABETH'S HOSPITAL AT BRISTOL. Gules, on waves of 
the sea with dolphins' heads therein proper, the bow of a ship with cupola 
argent, garnished or, issuant out of a port on the sinister silver, with mount vert 
impaling [the arms of John Carre] Gules, on a chevron argent, three estoiles 
sable, in chief a martlet or, over all on a chief azure a lion passant guardant 
between two fleurs-de-lis or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, on the stump of 
a tree couped and eradicated, entwined by a serpent proper, a bird, wings 
endorsed argent. Supporters — On each side a sea-horse proper, ducally gorged 
and crined or. 

[College of Arms. Granted b}- Cooke, Clarenceux, 1591.] 

QUEEN'S COLLEGE (Cambridge). Founded in 1441 by Margaret of Anjou, 
Queen of Henry VI. Quarterly of six, ist, barry of eight argent and gules, 2nd, 
azure sem<^e-de-lis or, a label of three points throughout argent ; 3rd, azure a cross 
potent cantoned with four similar crosses or; 4th, azure, semde-de-lis or, a bordure 
gules ; 5th, azure semee of crosses crosslet or, two barbels haurient and endorsed 
of the last ; 6th, or, on a bend gules, three allerions displayed argent, the whole 
within a bordure vert, being the arms of Margaret of Anjou. Crest — In a coronet 
of gold an eagle rousant sable, wings or. 

[These arms and crest were granted to the College in 1576.] 

QUEENS COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in 1340 by Robert Eglesfield, Con- 
fessor to Queen Philippa, wife of Edward HI.) Argent three eagles displayed 
gules, beaked and legged. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms, Visitation of Oxford, 1574.] 
The seal of the College represents an eagle reguardant with wings expanded, 
resting the dexter claw on a carved shield bearing the arms of the founder, viz., 
Azure three leopards' faces or, on a chief embattled ermine, round the seal the 
words, " The Common Seal of Mitchel's Visitors " ; and on the exergue, " Queen's 
College, Oxon." 

QUEEN'S COLLEGE, CORK. Per pale gules and azure, on the dexter side a 
lion statant guardant imperially crowned or, on the sinister side three Eastern 
crowns proper ; on a chief of the third an ancient ship between two castles 
in fesse of the first, in the centre chief point of the achievement an open book 
argent, garnished of the third. Motto — " Where Findbarr taught, Let Munster 
learn." 

[Granted by Ulster King of Arms, 191 2. For illustration see " University 
College, Cork."] 

QUEEN'S COUNTY. Has no armorial bearings. 



640 




QUEEN ELIZABETH'S HOSPITAL AT BRISTOL 





QUEEN'S COLLEGE (OXFORD) 



QUEEN'S COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 



2S 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

QUEENSFERRY (Linlithgowshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows : — 
" The Royal! Burgh of Oiiensferrie gives for Eiisigncs Armorial, Argent in y^ Sea 
azur a Gallic with her Saills trussed up sable, on y'= midle part thereof Queen 
Margaret of Scotland standing richlie apparrelled and crowned proper, holding 
in her dexter hand a Scepter Ensigned with a flower de lis or, and in her 
Sinister, lying on her breast, a book folded purpure, with these words in ane 
Escroll underneath, Insignia Burgi passagii Reginas." 

QUEENSLAND (Commonwealth of Australia). Per fesse the chief or, the base 
per pale sable and gules, in chief a bull's head caboshed in profile muzzled and 
a merino ram's head respecting each other proper, the dexter base charged with 
a garb of the first, and the sinister base on a mount, a pile of quartz 
issuant therefrom a gold pyramid, in front of the mount a spade surmounted by 
a pick saltirewise all proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a mount, 
thereon a Maltese cross azure, surmounted with our imperial crown between two 
sugar-canes proper. Motto — "Audax et fidelis." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 191 1. Refer to Australia. The device of 
the Maltese cross and crown formerly in use and now incorporated in the crest 
of Queensland and in the arms of Australia is the device upon the Union flag 
flown by the Governor.] 

QUEENSLAND, NORTH, See of. Azure, a Paschal lamb passant proper 
between three cross crosslets fitchee. 
[Of no authority.] 

QUEENSTOWN, Town Commissioners of (Co. Cork). Argent, a ship of war in 
full sail, from the masthead the royal standard of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, all proper ; in the centre chief point a harp ensigned with 
the imperial crown also proper, between in fesse two trefoils slipped vert. Motto 
— "Nomine reginJE statio fidissima classi." 

Granted 1870 by Sir J. Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms. The foregoing 
is his blazon, but the editor suggests as a better (for the latter part), " In chief 
a harp ensigned with the imperial crown also proper, between two trefoils 
slipped vert." 

QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST. Refer to University. 



642 





QUEENSFERRY 



QUEENSTOWN, TOWN COMMISSIONERS OF 





QUEENSLAND 



QUEENSLAND, NORTH, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RADLEY, St Peter's College. Argent, an open book garnished gules, clasps and 
buckles or, thereon inscribed the words, " Sicut serpentes sicut columbas," between 
three crosses patee of the second, on a chief of the last a key in bend sinister of 
the first, surmounted by a similar key in bend dexter gold, between to the dexter 
a serpent nowed and erect, and to the sinister a dove both proper. 
[Granted, College of Arms, May 14, 1908.] 

RADNORSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

RADNOR (Radnorshire). Has no armorial bearings, but the following are quoted 
by Burke's " General Armory " : — " Barry of six or and az. on a chief of the last 
two palets betw. as many gyrons of the first." This coat is probably taken from 
that of Mortimer, which, as blazoned in Woodward and Burnett's " Treatise on 
Heraldry," is as follows : — " Barry of six or and azure on a chief of the first two 
pallets between two gyrons of the second, over all an inescutcheon argent." 

RAGUSA. Argent, three bends azure. 

RAILWAY. Refer to Great Central Railway. 

RALEGH, City of (Colony of Virginia). Argent, a cross gules, in the first quarter 
a roebuck statant proper. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

RAMSEY (Isle of Man). Has no armorial bearings. 

RAMSGATE (Kent). Quarterly gules and azure, a cross parted and fretty argent 
between a horse rampant of the last in the first quarter, a demi-lion passant 
guardant of the third conjoined to the hulk of a ship or in the second, a dolphin 
naiant proper in the third, and a lymphad also or in the fourth. And for the 
Crest — -Issuant from a naval crown or, a pier-head, thereon a lighthouse, both 
proper. Motto — " Salus naufragis salus sgris." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 23rd July 18S4.] 



644 






RAD LEY, ST PETER'S COLLEGE 



RADNOR 




RAGUSA 




RAM SG ATE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RANGOON, See of. Argent, issuing from a mount in base a palm tree, the trunk 
surmounted by an escutcheon charged with a sword in bend interlaced with 
two keys addorsed, wards upwards, in bend sinister. 
[Of no authority.] 

RAPHOE, See of. Ermine, a chief per pale azure and or, in the dexter the sun in 
splendour of the last, and in the sinister a cross pattee gules. 

[This coat, which is recorded in Ulster's Office, remains in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church it is really extinct and its present use 
is illegal.] 

RAPHOE. Refer to Derry and Raphoe, Bishop of 
RASCIA. Azure, three horse-shoes inverted argent. 

RATTRAY. Has no arms. Those upon the seal are a modification of the arms 
of the family of Clerk-Rattray, and are. Azure, three cross crosslets fitchee or. 
Crest — A cross crosslet fitchee between two mullets. Supporters — Two serpents. 
[Of no authority.] 



646 





I T V T Y 

T T V •;• 



•:• •?• • 



V.V T T V 




RANGOON, SEE OF 



RAPHOE, SEE OF 




RATTRAY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RAVENNA (Italy). Per pale or and gules, on a mount vert issuing in base a poplar 
tree proper supported by two lions rampant counterchanged of the field. 

RAWTENSTALL (Lancashire). Or, on a fesse gules, between two stags trippant 
at gaze in chief proper and a mount in base vert, thereon two cows grazing and 
respecting each other sable, a wolf current of the first between two bales of wool 
of the third, in the chief point a sinister hand couped at the wrist of the second. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a mount a squirrel sejant cracking a nut 
between two sprigs of the cotton-tree, slipped, leaved, and fructed, all proper. 
Motto — " Floret qui laborat." 

[Granted, College of Arms, i6th July 1891.] 

READING (Berkshire). (Azure), five heads in saltire couped at the neck (proper 
crined or), the centre head ducally crowned (of the last). 

According to Berry, these arms were granted by Camden, Clarenceux 
King of Arms, in the year 1566, and subsequently confirmed by Hervey, 
Clarenceux King of Arms ; but Berry states that the centre head is between the 
letters R and E, and Debrett's " House of Commons " so gives it. The entry 
made at the time of visitations is simply a drawing of the seal, which shows the 
five heads in saltire without any tinctures being marked, and having the legend, 
"Communitatis Radingie," but the said drawing is distinctly labelled, " These 
are the Armes apperteyninge," etc. 

The arms," Azure, three escallop-shells or,"-have frequently been attributed 
to the town, but these are the arms of Reading Abbey. The escallop-shell in 
the remote ages was the peculiar badge of a " palmer," and it is a curious 
coincidence that to a family of the name of " Palmer" Reading should owe so 
much of its present prosperity. 

READING, UNIVERSITY EXTENSION COLLEGE. Per fesse gules and sable, 
in chief three escallops fessewise or and in base on a cross engrailed argent, a 
rose of the first, barbed and seeded proper. 

[Granted 7th August 1896.] 

The engrailed cross was suggested by the arms of Christ Church, Oxford, 
and the escallops by the arms of Reading Abbey. 

READING SCHOOL. Uses the arms of the town of Reading. Motto— '' hr?. 
mercede viget." 

REDFORD. See East Redford. 

RED RIVER SETTLEMENT. Refer to Manitoba. 



648 





RAVENNA 



READING 





RAWTENSTALL 



READING, UNIVERSITY EXTENSION COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

REIGATE (Surrey). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, the design upon which 
is sometimes quoted as the " Arms " of the town, represents in front of a tree an 
embattled gateway with portcullis, and below is the motto, " Never wonne ne 
never shall." In the gateway below the portcullis are the letters REI. Over 
the battlements is an escutcheon chequy, and on either side is an escutcheon 
bearing a monogram. 

REMEMBRANCER OF THE EXCHEQUER, Office of the King's. Or, a 
chevron gules, a bordure gobony argent and azure, a canton ermine. 
[Of no authority. Refer to Stafford's Inn.] 

RENFREW, Commissioners of Supply for the County of. Ensigns armorial: 
Azure, a lymphad sails furled argent, on a shield or pendent therefrom a fess 
chequy of the first and second. Above the shield is placed an esquire's helmet 
with a mantling gules doubled argent, and issuing out of a wreath of the proper 
liveries is set for Crest — A demi-lion rampant gules armed and langued azure, 
and in an escroll over the same this Motto — "Avito viret honore." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, the nth day of March 1889.] 

RENFREW (Renfrewshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows : — The 
Royall Burgh of Renfrew gives, In the sea proper, a ship with her sailes 
trussed up and mast and tacklings, the prow ensign'd with the sun and the 
starne with the moon crescent, all argent, betwixt two escutcheons in the honour 
point and that on the dexter charged with a lyon rampant with a double tressure 
and counter-flowered gules, being the royall coat, that on the sinister with a 
fess cheque azur and argent as the coat of Stewart, and betwixt alse many cross 
crosslets fitched of the second. The Motto, " Deus gubernat navem." 
The colour of the field is not stated in Lyon Register. 

REPTON SCHOOL. Azure, a fesse engrailed between three doves, each holding 
in its beak a cross forme fitche all or. 

[Of no authority, being the arms of Sir John Port, the founder.] 

RETFORD, East. See East Retford. 



650 




RENFREW, COMMISSIONERS OF SUPPLY FOR 







OTC. 

p, r, ' ' 



REPTON SCHOOL 



RENFREW 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

REUSS, Principality of. Quarterly : i and 4, sable, a lion rampant or, crowned 
gules; 2 and 3, argent, a stork or. Crests — i. On a crown, a plume of ostrich 
feathers ; 2, a dog's head per pale argent and sable ; 3, a stork bendy or, argent 
and gules. Supporters — Two lions regardant per fesse sable and argent. Motto 
— " Ich bau auf Gott." 

REVAL (Russia). Or, three lions passant guardant in pale azure, crowned gold. 

REVELS, Master of in Scotland. Argent, a lady rising out of a cloud in the 
nombril point richly apparelled, on her head a garland of ivy, holding in her 
right hand a poniziard crowned, and in the left a vizard all proper, standing under 
a veil or canopy azure, garnished or, in base a thistle vert. 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

REVELS, in Ireland. Refer to " Office of Jests, Revells, and Masques of our 
Lord the King in Ireland." 

REVENUE, Farmers of (Ireland). Refer to Farmers of Revenue. 

RHEIMS (France). Argent, two branches of laurel intertwined proper, fructed 
gules, a chief azure, seme-de-lis or. 

RHINELAND, Province of (Prussia). Argent, the Prussian eagle, on its breast a 
crowned inescutcheon vert, thereon a bend wavy of the field. Crest — Out of a 
crown or two wings vert, each charged with a bend wavy argent. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a savage supporting a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a man in complete 
armour, supporting a banner of the Province as above. 

RHODE ISLAND, U.S.A. (State Device.) Supported on the waves of the sea, a 
shield charged with an anchor and cable, erect ; on a scroll over if the word 
" Hope." 

RHODES UNIVERSITY COLLEGE. Or, on a pile sable, an open book 
inscribed with the words " Sapientiam exquiret sapiens" between three escallops 
of the first, on a chief argent, a lion passant gules, between two thistles slipped 
and leaved proper. Crest — Upon a rock the figure of a man mounted on a 
horse, representing " Energy," all argent. Motto — " Vis virtus Veritas." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 5th May 191 3.] 

RHODESIA. Refer to the arms of the British South Africa Company. 



652 




> '^ ^ ^ i 




RHEIMS 





RHINELAND 



RHODES UNIVERSITY COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
RICHMOND, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

RICHMOND HERALD. Badge — A rose gules, dimidiated with a rose argent, 
en soleil, crowned with the imperial crown. 

RICHMOND (Surrey), Borough of. Per fesse gules and azure, on a fesse ermine 
a representation of the ancient Palace of Richmond proper, between two 
roses of the first, barbed and seeded of the fourth ; in chief a lion passant 
guardant between two portcullises or, and in base upon water proper a swan 
argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a mount a stag regardant 
proper, holding in the mouth a sprig of two roses, one argent and the other 
gules, leaved and slipped proper, resting the dexter fore-leg on an escocheon 
or, charged with a chaplet of oak vert. Motto—" A deo et rege." 

Granted by Sir Albert William Woods, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms, Walter Aston Blount, Clarenceux King of Arms, George E. Cokayne, 
Norroy King of Arms, 19th June 1S91. 

RICHMOND (Yorkshire). Gules, an ode argent, over all a bend ermine. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. Upon the seal bearing the above coat 
the escutcheon is surmounted by a crowned rose. This is frequently quoted as 
a crest, the rose gules crowned or, and is so given in Burke's " General Armory." 
For the following very interesting description of the common seal I am indebted 
to the Town-Clerk : — "The Common Seal, which is doubtless the oldest of all, 
and which can be traced back as far as the earliest grants, is the effigy of a 
venerable old man, with a long beard and a glory round his head, placed in a 
canopied shrine or tabernacle of Gothic structure, his cloak closed at the neck 
but thrown open before by his hands, which disclose a crucifix hanging from his 
neck. On the dexter side of the tabernacle-work in which he is enshrined are 
the Arms of France and England quartered, and on the sinister those of John I., 
Earl of Richmond, chequers or and azure, a canton ermine ; which seems to fix 
the time of its being first used as a badge of incorporation to the year 1268, 
when John confirmed their privileges. Round it in black letter, ' Sigillum . Co'e. 
Burgensiu' . Richmond.'" 

RIDINGS (East, West, and North, of the County of Yorkshire). See Yorkshire. 

RIGA (Russia). Azure, on a compartment or, in front of a double-headed eagle 
displayed sable, crowned and armed or, a castellated gateway gules, on each 
tower a banner or and in the open gateway a lion's face crowned, also or, above 
the castle two keys addorsed in saltire wards upwards surmounted by a cross 
patt6e or, on the centre chief point the Russian imperial crown. 



654 





RICHMOND (YORKSHIRE) 



RICHMOND (SURREY) 




RIGA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RIPON (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a bugle- 
horn stringed, the mouthpiece to the dexter, with the letters Rippon arranged 
within and about the loops of the string. Burke in his " General Armory " 
blazons this as a coat, making the field gules and the bugle-horn and letters or. 
The Town-Clerk's notepaper shows a coat-of-arms, " Argent, a bugle-horn 
chained." 

RIPON, See of. Argent, on a saltire gules, two keys in saltire, wards upwards or, on 
a chief of the second, a paschal lamb proper. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1S36.] 

RIPON, Dean of. Argent on a saltire gules, the letter D of the field. 
[Of no authority.] 

RIPON COLLEGE. Paly of six gules and argent, on a chevron azure, three cross 
crosslets. Crest — A paschal lamb passant. 
[Of no authority.] 



656 





RIPON 



RIPON, DEAN OF 





RIPON, SEE OF 



RIPON COLLEGE 



?T 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RIVERINA, See of (Australia). Azure, four bars wavy argent, over all a Passion 
Cross or, on a canton of the second a lymphad sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

ROCHDALE (Lancashire). Argent, a vtrool-pack encircled by two branches of the 
cotton-tree flowered and conjoined proper, a bordure sable, charged with eight 
martlets of the field. Crest — Upon a wreath of the colours, a mill-rind sable, 
and above a fleece argent banded or. Motto—" Crede Signo." 

Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt, Garter Principal King of 
Arms; J. Pulman, Clarenceux King of Arms; Robert Laurie, Norroy King of 
Arm.s, 20th February 1857. 

ROCHESTER (Kent). Or, on a cross gules, a text R of the field, on a chief of 
the second, a lion of England. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

ROCHESTER, See of. Argent, on a saltire gules, an escallop or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



658 





LJgiCie^oe'giano Mi 




RIVERINA, SEE OF 



•\^^ 



ROCHDALE 




ROCHESTER 




ROCHESTER, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ROCKHAMPTON, See of (Australia). Gules, a sword in bend, point upwards, and 
a key in bend sinister, wards upwards in saltire, surmounted by a crosier in pale. 
[Of no authority.] 

ROME (Italy). Gules, a cross and the letters S.P.O.R. all arranged in bend or. 

ROMNEY (Kent). Azure, three lions passant guardant in pale or. 
[Recorded in the College of .'\rms.] 

ROMSEY (Hants). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a portcullis 
chained within the legend, " Borough of Romsey, 1578." 

ROSCOMMON, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

ROSEHEARTY. Has no arms. Those upon the seal are : Quarterly, i and 4, 
azure, three boars' heads couped argent ; 2 and 3, gules, three cinquefoils argent. 
Crest— On a baron's cap and coronet, a rose-branch and a heart. Supporlcrs — 
Two bears proper, muzzled gules. Motto — " Cordo et manu." 

ROSMARKIE (Ross-shire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Refer 
to Fortrose. 

ROSS AND CROMARTY, Counties. Have no armorial bearings. 

ROSS. See New Ross. 

ROSS, See of(Scotland). Argent, a bishop standing on the sinister habited in a 
long robe close girt purpure, mitred and holding in his left hand a crosier or, 
and pointing with the right to St Bonifice on the dexter side, clothed and both 
his hands laid on his breast proper. 

[These arms were matriculated in Lyon Register in 1675 ^^^ ^^e still in use, 
but by the disestablishment of the Epi.scopal Church in Scotland they are 
really e.xtinct and their present use is improper.] 

ROSS (Scotland). Refer to Moray, Ross, and Caithness, Bishop of. 

ROSS (Ireland). Refer to Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, Bishop of. 

ROSS, EASTER. Refer to Easter Ross Farmers' Club. 



660 





ROCKHAMPTON, SEE OF 



ROME 




ROMNEY 




ROSS, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ROSSALL SCHOOL (Nr. Blackpool, Lanes). Argent, on a pale, between four 
roses gules a mitre or, between two open boo]<s proper. Motto — ■' Mens agitat 
molem." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. Gts. Ixvii. 26] 

ROTHERHAM (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings, but a device appears 
to be made use of. It consists of a bridge supporting two escutcheons, namely, 
on the dexter side, "Azure, three cannon mounted on their carriages in 
pale . . ." and on the sinister side, "Vert, three stags trippant, two and 
one." Motto — " Sic virescit industria." 

ROTHES (Elgin). Has no armorial bearings, but uses those of Leslie, viz., argent, 
on a bend azure three buckles or. 

ROTHESAY (Buteshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Those 
in use are party per pale, the dexter side argent, a castle triple-towered between 
in chief, on the dexter a crescent and on the sinister a mullet, and in base a 
lymphad, sail furled, the sinister side being the arms of Stewart or, a fesse 
chequy azure and argent. The seal represents the foregoing arms, within 
the legend, " Libertas, datur, Villa; de Rothisea per Robertum Stuart, Rcgem 
Scottor." 

ROTTERDAM (Holland). Vert, a pale argent, on a chief or four lions passant 
two and two, the first and fourth sable, the second and third gules. 



662 





ROTHESAY 



ROSSALL SCHOOL 





ROTHES 



ROTTERDAM 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ROUEN (France). Gules, a paschal lamb passant proper, on a chief azure, three 
fleurs-de-lis or. 

ROUGE CROIX PURSUIVANT OF ARMS. Badge— h cross gules. 

ROUGE DRAGON PURSUIVANT OF ARMS. Badge— h dragon gules. 

ROUMANIA, Kingdom of. Quarterly i azure, an eagle displayed holding a sceptre, 
sword and cross, in dexter chief a sun or (VV.VLLACHIA). 2, gules, a bull's head 
caboshed, between its horns a star, and in sinister chief a crescent or (MOLDAVIA). 
3. Gules, on an open crown a lion rampant crowned and holding between its 
paws a star or. 4. Azure, two dolphins affrontes, heads in base, tails in chief. 
Over all on an inescutcheon the arms of HOHENZOLLERN : viz. Quarterly, 
argent and sable. Supporters — Two lions cowarded or. Motto — " Nihil 
sine Deo." 

ROXBURGH, County of. The County of Roxburgh bears azure, an unicorn 
saliant argent, horned, maned, and unguled or, the tail tufted of the last on 
a chief of the second, a hunting-horn sable stringed and viroled gules, between 
two esquires' helmets of the field. Crest — A dexter arm from the shoulder 
vambraced and brandishing a scymitar aloft proper, the last hilted and 
pommelled or. Motto — (below the shield) " Ne cede malis sed contra audentior 
ito." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Office, 9th July 1798.] 

ROYAL AFRICAN COMPANY. Refer to African Company, Royal. 

ROYAL COLLEGES OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. Refer to 
Physicians, Surgeons, Veterinary Surgeons. 

ROYAL COMPANY OF ARCHERS. Refer to Archers. 

ROYAL CORPS OF GENTLEMEN-AT-ARMS. Refer to Gentlemen-at-Arms. 



664 




ROUEN 




ROXBURGH 




I'J ! 



ROUMANIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS * 

ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF LONDON, The 
Governor and Corporation of the. (Incorporated 22nd June 1720, pursuant to 
an Act of Parliament, 6 Geo. I.) Azure, on a hill, the Royal Exchange, both 
proper, the last adorned with gold, in chief two ships, the dexter under sail, the 
hull or, masts, sails, and rigging proper, the sinister ship riding at anchor, with 
the sails furled, emblazoned as before. Cres^ — On a wreath of the colours, a 
demi-angel proper, clothed with a crimson garment, girdle of the same, wings 
displayed or, in his right hand the sun, in his left a crescent, and crowned with 
a ducal coronet the North Star issuing out of it or. Supporteis — (Dexter) a 
Neptune proper, crowned with an Eastern crown gold, a mantle carelessly flung 
over his body purpure, in his right hand a trident erect or, staff proper ; (sinister) 
a seaman proper, shirt checquer'd, vestment blue, lined breeches and stockings 
white, shoes black, buckled silver, cap on his head blue, turned up white, hold- 
ing with his left hand an anchor gold, cable proper. Motto — " Trade and 
navigation." 

[College of Arms. Gts., vii. 181. Re-exemplified, 6th April 1905.] 

ROYAL FISHERY COMPANY. Refer to Fishery. 

ROYAL HIGH SCHOOL (Edinburgh). Refer to Edinburgh. 

ROYAL HOSPITAL OF ST KATHERINE. Refer to St Katherine. 

ROYAL INSTITUTION OF GREAT BRITAIN. (Incorporated 20th January 
1800.) Azure, the sun in splendour or, in base the ocean proper, on a 
canton argent an escutcheon gules charged with a lion passant guardant of the 
second. Crest — Out of a mural crown or, an oak fructed proper. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a figure representing Minerva habited in a robe flowing to the feet 
argent, supervested with a tunic purpure, zoned or, bearing on her breast a 
gorget charged with Medusa's head of the last, and on her head a helmet sur- 
mounted by an owl gold, the plume argent, in her dexter hand a spear erect 
proper ; (sinister) a figure representing Vesta habited in a flowing robe argent, 
banded from the right shoulder under the left breast, the band or, her head en- 
circled by a golden fillet, her veil thrown back, and her exterior hand holding a 
torch illumined proper. Motto — " Illustrans commoda vitse." 

[Arms, crest, and supporters granted by Garter, Clarenceux, and Norroy, 
31st January 1800.] 

ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY. See Academy. 



666 




ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF LONDON 




ROYAL INSTITUTION OF GREAT BRITAIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ROYAL LITERARY FUND. (Incorporated 13th June 1818.) Argent, an open 
book between three chaplets of laurel all proper, on a chief gules a representation 
of the plume of three ostrich feathers enfiled by his coronet as borne by the heir 
apparent to the throne. 

[In the History of the Fund it is stated (after incorporation) that " The Prince 
of Wales immediately gave the Institution permission to bear his crest (sic) upon 
its arms, and expressed his high sense of the personal compliment paid him 
in requesting it," and it is further stated that in 1842 "the Queen was graciously 
pleased to grant to the Institution the privilege of bearing the imperial crown 
as an addition to its armorial bearings." There is no grant of arms on record.] 

ROYAL NAVAL SCHOOL, Eltham. Refer to Eltham College. 

ROYAL SOCIETY. (Incorporated 1663.) Argent on a quarter gules three lions 
passant guardant in pale or. Crest — On a ducal coronet or, an eagle with wings 
endorsed proper, supporting with his dexter foot an escutcheon gules charged 
with three lions passant guardant in pale or. Supporters — Two talbots proper 
{i.e. white spotted with liver colour) ducally gorged or. Motto — " NuUius in 
verba." 

[Granted by Sir Edward Walker, Garter.] 

ROYAL TECHNICAL COLLEGE, GLASGOW. Azure, a saltire argent, in 
chief an imperial crown proper, and in base a pair of scales or. Motto — 
" Mente et manu." 

[Matriculated Lyon Office, nth July 1912.] 



668 




ROYAL LITERARY FUND 




ROYAL TECHNICAL COLLEGE, GLASGOW 




ROYAL SOCIETY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RUGBY SCHOOL. Azure, on a fesse engrailed between three griffins' liQads, 
erased or, a fleur-de-lis of the field between two roses gules. Motto—'' Orando 
laborando." 

[Of no authority.] 

RUPERT'S LAND, See of (Canada). Ermine, a cross gules, on a chief azure, a 
pastoral staff in bend surmounted by an open book proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

RUSSIA, The Empire of. The arrhs of Russia are borne on the breast of the crowned 
imperial double-headed eagle sable, beak and claws gules, the dexter claw holding 
the imperial sceptre, the sinister the orb. The central shield contains the shield 
known as the arms of Moscow. Gules, the mounted effigy of St George slaying the 
dragon all proper. Around it hangs the collar and badge of the Order of St Andrew. 
On the dexter wing are four escocheons : i. Kazan : Argent, a dragon sable, 
winged gules, crowned or ; 2. Poland : Gules, an eagle displayed argent, crowned 
or ; 3. Tauria : Or, a double-headed eagle displayed sable, on its breast a shield ; 
azure, thereon a cross triple-traversed, within a bordure or; 4. Tierced in pairle, 
Kieve (^.z'.), Novgorod (^.f.), and Vladimir. On the sinister wing are: i. 
Astrakan : Azure, a royal crown surmounting a scimitar fesseways proper ; 2. 
Siberia : Ermine, two martins (or sables) counter-rampant, supporting a royal 
crown ; behind them two arrows in saltire, and a bow in fesse gules ; 3. 
Quarterly : Kabarda, Ineria, Kartalinia, and Armenia ; ente en point of Circassia, 
over all Georgia, or else Georgia alone, viz., or, St George proper, mounted on a 
horse sable, slaying a dragon of the third winged vert. 4. Finland ; Gules seme 
of roses argent, over all a lion rampant crowned or, brandishing a sword and 
holding in its sinister paw the scabbard proper. 

The imperial crown is placed above the crowned heads of the double eagle. 

RUSSIA MERCHANTS' COMPANY. (Incorporated 1555.) Barry wavy of 
six argent and azure, over all a ship of three masts in full sail proper, sails, 
pennants, and ensigns of the first, each charged with a cross gules all between 
three bezants, a chief or, on a pale between two roses gules seeded or, barbed 
vert, a lion passant guardant of the fifth. Crest— h lizard's head guardant and 
erased proper, ducally gorged or. Siipporters—{Ji&ii.te:x) a lizard rampant guardant 
proper ducally gorged or ; (sinister) an apre (an heraldic figure drawn like an ox 
— the tail short) rampant guardant proper ducally gorged or. Motto — " God be 
our guide." 

[Granted, College of Arms, ist February 1555.] 

The lizards in this achievement are not the animal bearing the name which 
we know at the present day, but a (real or mythical) creature also known as the 
short-tailed wild cat of Norway — refer to the arms of the Skinners' Company. 



670 




RUGBY SCHOOL 



RUPERT'S LAND, SEE OF 




RUSSIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

RUTHERGLEN (Lanarkshire). Argent, in a sea proper an ancient galley 
sable, flagged gules, therein two men proper, one rowing, the other furling 
the sail. Above the shield is placed a suitable helmet, with a mantling gules 
doubled argent, and on a wreath of the proper liveries is set for Crest— 
A demi-figure of the Virgin Mary with the Infant Saviour in her arms proper, 
and on a compartment below the shield, on which is an escroll containing 
this Motto — " Ex fumo fama," are placed for Supporters — Two angels proper 
winged or. 

[Arms matriculated in Lyon Office, and the supporters granted 4th April 
1889. Wm. Mitchell, Esquire, Provost] 

RUTHIN (Denbighshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which is 
quadrilateral, represents a triangular castle slightly in perspective, with the 
legend, " Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of Ruthin." 

RUTLAND, County of. Has no armorial bearings. Berry, in his " Dictionary 
of Heraldry," quotes, " Gules, a fret or," and a lithographed sheet, published 
under the title of " The Arms of the Counties of England and Wales," gives, 
" Or, a horse-shoe sable, nailed argent." Both, of course, are without authority, 
the latter being the " reputed " arms of the town of Oakham. The seal of 
the County Council exhibits upon an architectural background a horse-shoe. 

RYDE (Isle of Wight). Argent, in base on waves of the sea a schooner yacht 
under sail proper, within a bordure azure, charged with eight estoiles or. Crest — 
Upon a wreath of the colours, upon a rock a sea-horse proper, charged on 
the body with two estoiles or. Motto — " Amoenitas salubritas urbanitas." 

[Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms ; Robert Laurie, Clarenceu.x King of Arms ; Walter Aston Blount, 
Norroy King of Arms, iSth February 1869.] 

RYE (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. Those used are party per pale gules 
and azure, three demi-lions passant guardant in pale or, conjoined to the hulks 
of as many ships argent. [Refers to Cinque Ports.] 



672 




RUTHERGLEN 





RYE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
SABAH, Governor of. Refer to British North Borneo Company. 

SADDLERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 1272.) Azure, 
a chevron between three manage saddles complete or. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a horse passant argent, crined, bridled, saddled and trappings or, on his 
head a plume of three feathers argent. Supporters — Two horses argent, maned, 
hoofed, and bridled or, on each head a plume of three feathers argent. Motto — 
" Our trust is in God." (Ancient Motto, " Hold fast, sit sure.") 

[Supporters and crest granted to the arms of the Company, 20th October 
1585.] 

SADDLERS (Gateshead). Azure, a chevron between three manage saddles com- 
plete or. Crest — A horse passant, and on his head a plume of three feathers 
argent. Supporters — Two horses argent, hoofed and bridled or. 
[Of no authority. Taken from the Gateshead Charter, 1671.] 

SAFFRON WALDEN (Essex). Has no armorial bearings. It represents a 
castle in base, and in fesse two towers all joined with a circular wall embattled, 
and in the centre of the seal three saffron flowers slipped and leaved, with the 
legend, " Sigillum Comunis Villae de Walden in Comitatu Essex." 

ST. ALBANS (Hertfordshire). Azure, a saltire or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

ST. ALBANS, See of Azure, a saltire or, over all a sword in pale point upwards 
proper, pomel and hilt and surmounted by a celestial crown of the second. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1877.] 



674 




SADDLERS, COMPANY OF (LONDON) 




ST. ALBANS 




ST. ALBANS, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ST. ANDREWS, Archiepiscopal See of (Scotland). Azure, a saltire argent. 

[These arms were matriculated in Lyon Register, c. 1672-7, and are still in 
use, but by the disestablishment of the Episcopal Church in Scotland they are 
really extinct and their present use is improper.] 

There is a note in Lyon Register to the above matriculation. 

" Albeit for the scale of the See he constantly gives in a field azure, the 
Image of St Andrew the Patron of Scotland, vested and placed within the porch 
of a church proper, having his cross of martyrdome on his breast argent, with 
these words in flying escrolls on each side ' Regi Ecclesia Sacris,' on the right 
and 'Auspice summo numine' on the left and round the Seal ' Sigillum 
rotundum Archiepiscopi Sancti Andreae.'" 

ST. ANDREWS, DUNKELD, AND DUNBLANE, Bishop of. According to 
Crockford the device in use is per pale (dexter) azure, a saltire argent, (sinister) 
per fesse in chief argent, a saltire engrailed azure in base argent, a passion cross 
sable between two passion nails gules. 

Woodward, however, makes four quarters repeating St Andrews. Both 
arrangements are of course quite unauthorised. 

ST. ANDREWS, City of (Fifeshire.) Parted per pale azure and argent, in the 
dexter on a mount in base the figure of St Andrew proper, bearing his cross in 
front of him argent, in the sinister growing out of a mount in base an oak-tree 
proper fructed or, in front of the trunk a boar passant sable, langued gules 
armed or. Above the shield is placed a mural crown, and on an escrol below 
the shield this motto, " Dum spiro spero." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 29th May 191 2.] 

ST. ANDREWS, University of. See University of St Andrews. 

ST. ASAPH (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The following are quoted in 
Burke's " General Armory " : — " Sa. two keys in saltire endorsed ar." (These 
are, of course, the arms of the see of St Asaph.) 

ST. ASAPH, See of (Wales). Sable, two keys in saltire endorsed argent. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



676 





ST. ANDREWS, CITY OF 



ST. ANDREWS, ARCHIEPISCOPAL SEE OF 




ST. ASAPH 




ST. ASAPH, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S HOSPITAL. Per pale argent and sable, a chevron 
counterchanged. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

ST. CATHERINE'S COLLEGE, Cambridge. (Founded in 1475, by Robert 
Woodlarke, Provost of King's College and Chancellor of the University.) 
According to University Calendar, Per bend indented azure, and gules, in dexter 
chief a fleur-de-lis and in sinister base a lion passant guardant, all or. Crest — 
A Catharine wheel. 

ST. CATHERINE'S HOSPITAL (London). Refer to St Katharine's Hospital. 

ST. CROSS HOSPITAL (Winchester). Argent, five crosses pattee fitchee sable, 
two, two, and one. 

ST. CHRISTOPHER. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

ST. DAVIDS, (Pembrokeshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following are 
quoted in Burke's " General Armory": — " Sa. on a cross or, five cinquefoils of 
the first." (These are, of course, the arms of the see of St Davids.) 

ST. DAVID'S, See of (Wales). Sable, on a cross or, five cinquefoils of the field. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

ST. DAVID'S, Dean of. The arms of the See, but with the tinctures reversed. 

[Of no authority.] 



678 




ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S HOSPITAL 




ST. CATHERINE'S COLLEGE 




ST. CROSS HOSPITAL 




ST. DAVID'S, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ST. DAVID'S, College of. Sable, between four cinquefoils in cross or, a figure 
representing St David standing in his archiepiscopal robes in a niche under a 
canopy, holding in his dexter hand a crosier and in his sinister a book, all gold. 
Motto^-" Gair duw gorew dysg." 

[College of Arms. Gts. xxxviii. 70.] 

ST. EDMUND'S HALL (Oxford). Has no arms. Those in use according to the 
Calendar are, Or, a cross flory gules, between four martlets sable. 
[Of no authority.] 

ST. EDMUNDSBURY (St Edmund's). Refer to Bury St Edmunds. 

ST. ETIENNE (France). Azure, two palm-branches in saltire or, between a crown 
in chief of the last and three crosses couped argent in fesse and in base. 

ST. GALLEN (Switzerland). Vert, a fasces erect argent, banded of the field. 

ST. GEORGE'S CHAPEL (Windsor). Refer to Windsor. 



680 





ST. DAVID'S, COLLEGE OF 



ST. EDMUND'S HALL (OXFORD) 





BLIC 1 



ST. ETIENNE 



ST. GALLEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ST. GEORGE'S HOSPITAL (London). Or, the staff of ^sculapius in pale proper, 
surmounted by a celestial crown azure. Cresi— On a wreath of the colours, a lion 
rampant or, resting the forepaws on an antique shield charged with the figure 
of St George slaying the dragon proper. Supporters — (Dexter) a figure repre- 
senting /Esculapius proper, habited in a robe purpure, supporting with his left 
hand his staff, also proper ; (sinister) a figure representing Hygeia, vested argent, 
robe purpure, holding in the exterior hand the patera and serpent proper. Motto 
— " Deus incubat angui." 

[College of Arms. Gts. xl. 327.] 

ST. GERMANS, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

ST. GERMANS (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. 

ST. HELENA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to St Helena. 
The Admiralty publish as the device to be used upon the Union flag by the 
Governor the arms, " In a landscape field upon waves of the sea in base a three- 
masted ship with sails furled, rocks issuing from the sea and the dexter side of 
the escutcheon." 

ST. HELENA, See of. .•\zure, in base on waves of the sea wherein are fishes, an 
ancient galley of three masts, sails furled all proper, in chief a crescent and a 
star of eight points argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

ST. HELENS (Lancashire). Argent, two bars azure, over all a cross sable, in the 
first and fourth quarters a saltire gules, and in the second and third a gryphon 
segreant of the third. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours a lion 
passant guardant proper, charged on the body with two fleurs-de-lis gules, 
resting the dexter fore-paw on an ingot of silver. Motto — " Ex terra lucem." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 17th January 1876.] 

ST. HELIERS (Jersey). Has no armorial bearings. 

ST. IVES (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The following are quoted in 
Burke's " General Armory " : — " Ar. an ivy branch overspreading the whole 
field vert." 

ST. IVES (Huntingdonshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those used are peculiar, 
and show a lamentable ignorance of heraldry on somebody's part. They are, 
Quarterly . . . and . . . four bulls' heads. Motto — " Sudore non sopore." 
Though the partition lines are very plainly en evidence, all four quarters are 
marked gules. The bulls' heads are far from heraldic, being neither couped, 
erased, nor cabossed, but savouring of all three. They have a remarkable 
resemblance to Messrs Colman's trade-mark. Had the original artist no better 
copy to guide him than an old mustard tin ? 

682 




ST. GEORGE'S HOSPITAL 





ST. HELENA, SEE OF 



^:\JCEN 

ST. HELENS (LANCASHIRE) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
ST. JAMES, Guild of. Refer to Cook's Company, Dublin. 

ST. JOHN BAPTIST COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in 1557 by Sir Thomas 
White, Knt., y\lderman of London, and member of the Merchant Tailors' 
Company, the patron of which was deemed to be St John the Baptist). Gules, 
on a bordure sable, eight estoiles or, on a canton ermine, a lion rampant of the 
second, an annulet of the third for difference in the centre. Crest — A stork 
proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1508 by Margaret, Countess 
of Richmond, who also founded Christ College, daughter and heir of John 
Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, wife of Edmond Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and 
mother of Henry VU.) Quarterly, France and England, within a border 
gobony argent and azure. 

[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

ST. JOHN OF JERUSALEM HOSPITAL (London). Argent, a cross potent 
between four crosses or. 

ST. JOHN'S, KAFFRARIA, See of. Azure, the figure of St John the Evangelist 
proper. 

[Of no authority.] 



684 




ST. JOHN BAPTIST COLLEGE (OXFORD) 




ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 




ST. JOHN'S, KAFFRARIA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ST. KATHARINE, The Royal Hospital of, Regent's Park. Per fesse gules and 
azure, in chief a sword fessewise argent, hilt and pomel or, in base a demi- 
Catharine wheel of the last divided fessewise, the circular part towards the 
chief. 

[Of no authority.] 

ST. KITTS, otherwise ST. CHRISTOPHER. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

ST. LUCIA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued, but the Admiralty 
publishes as a device for use on the Union flag by the Governor, a landscape 
representation of an island in the sea, with the motto, " Statio hand malefida 
carinis." 

ST. MARY HALL (Oxford). Has no arms. 

ST. MARYLEBONE. Refer to Marylebone. 

ST. MARY'S COLLEGIATE CHURCH, Port Elizabeth (S. Africa). Azure, the 
Virgin Mary and the Holy Infant all proper, on a canton argent an anchor erect 
cabled, also proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

ST. MAWES (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. The following are given in 
Burke's "General Armory": — " Az. a bend lozengy or, betw. a tower in the 
sinister chief ar., and a ship with three masts, the sail furled, in the dexter base 
of the second." 

ST. PANCRAS, Borough of (London). Has no arms. 

ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL, KENSINGTON (London). Sable, on a chevron between 
three hinds trippant argent, as many annulets of the field. Motto — " Fide et 
Uteris." 

[Of no authority.] 



686 





ST. KATHARINE, ROYAL HOSPITAL OF 



ST. MARY'S COLLEGIATE CHURCH 




ST. MAWES 




ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL, KENSINGTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

ST. PETERSBURG or PETROGRAD (Russia). Gules, an anchor in bend 
and a grappling-iron in bend sinister argent, flukes upwards, surmounted by a 
sceptre in pale or. 

ST. PETER'S COLLEGE (Radley). Refer to Radley College. 

ST. SAVIOUR'S COLLEGIATE CHURCH (Southwark). Refer to Southwark. 

ST. THOMAS OF ACONS' HOSPITAL ( London). Azure, a cross pattde per pale 
gules and argent. 

ST. THOMAS'S HOSPITAL (London). Argent, a cross gules, in the first 
quarter a sword erect of the last, on a chief of the same, a rose argent between 
two fleurs-de-lis or. 
[Of no authority.] 

ST. VINCENT. Argent, in base a field of grass vert, thereon on an ancient altar 
charged with two clasped hands or, fire, between two female figures proper, 
vested azure, the de.xter figure erect holding in the right hand a branch of olive 
slipped, the sinister figure kneeling on the right knee and offering sacrifices all 
proper. Crest — A sprig of the cotton-plant leaved and slipped proper. Motto — 
" Pax et justitia." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 29th November 19 12.] 



688 





ST. PETERSBURG 



\ -; Jga xetjuBtitia 

ST. VINCENT, COLONY OF 




ojo 




ST. THOMAS'S HOSPITAL 



2X 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SALFORD (Lancashire). Azure, semee of bees volant, a shuttle between three 
garbs or, on a chief of the last, a bale corded proper, between two mill-rinds 
sable. Crest — A demi-lion argent, supporting a lance proper, therefrom flowing 
to the sinister a flag azure, charged with a shuttle or. Supporters — On the 
dexter side a wolf or, around the neck a chain, and pendent therefrom an 
escocheon gules, charged with a mill-rind, also or ; on the sinister side an 
heraldic antelope argent, armed, crined, and unguled or, around the neck a 
chain, and pendent therefrom an escocheon gules, charged with a rose, also 
argent. Motto — " Integrity and industry." 

[Arms and crest granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt., Garter Principal 
King of Arms ; J. Hawkes, Clarenceux King of Arms ; Francis Martin, Norroy 
King of Arms, sth November 1844. Supporters granted by Sir Charles George 
Young, Knt., Garter Principal King of Arms, 6th November 1844.] 

SALISBURY (Wiltshire). Barry of eight azure and or Supporters — On either 
side an eagle displayed with two heads or, ducally gorged azure. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

Gwillim gives (and Burke follows him, quoting in addition), " Azure, a 
sword argent, hilt and pommel or, surmounted by a key of the last, on a chief 
argent, three lozenges gules." 



690 




SALFORD 




SALISBURY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SALISBURY, See of. Azure, our Lady crowned, holding on her dexter arm tlie 
Infant Jesus and in her sinister hand a sceptre all or, round both the heads 
circles of glory of the last. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

SALISBURY, Dean of. The arms of the See, the letter D in chief. 
[Of no authority.] 

SALOP. See Shropshire and Shrewsbury. 

SALTASH (Cornwall). Has no armorial bearings. Two seals are recorded in the 
visitation books — i. A three-masted ship with sails furled at anchor, with the 
legend, " Sigillum aquate Saltasche." 2. An escutcheon charged with a lion 
rampant within a bordure bezantee resting upon water, surmounted by a 
coronet composed of crosses patee and fleurs-de-lis, and on either side an 
ostrich feather labelled with the legend " Sigillum Saltashe." Burke in his 
"Armory" gives two entries, one quoting the seals, and in the other blazoning 
the latter seal as a coat-of-arms as follows : — " Saltash, Town of (co. Cornwall). — 
Az. the base water ppr. in pale an escutcheon or, thereon a lion ramp. gu. within 
a border sa. bezantee, ensigned with a prince's coronet of the third, on either 
side of the escutcheon an ostrich feather an" Berry also gives it. 

SALTCOATS (Ayrshire). Has no arms, those in use being : Quarterly, i argent, 
a lymphad sail furled and oars in action ; 2 argent, a ruined building indicative 
of the old saltpans ; 3 azure, a fish naiant ; 4 gules, three gem-rings or, stoned 
azure. Motto — " Per mare per terras." 

SALTERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 1559.) Per 
chevron azure and gules, three covered salts argent, garnished or. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a cubit arm erect, issuing from clouds all proper, holding a 
covered salt argent, garnished or. Supporters — Two otters sable, bezanty, ducally 
gorged and chained or. Motto — " Sal sapit omnia." 

[Arms granted by Thomas Benolt, Clarenceux, 1530, and crest and sup- 
porters by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 1591 ; confirmed at the visitation of the 
City of London, 1634.] 

SALT FISHMONGERS' COMPANY. Refer to Fishmongers' Company. 



692 





SALISBURY, DEAN OF 



SALISBURY, SEE OF 




SALTER S, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SALZBURG. Refer to Austria. 

SALZBURG (Austria). Gules, a quadrilateral castle in perspective proper. 

SALZBURG, Duchy of. Party per pale dexter or, a lion rampant sable, sinister 
gules, a fesse argent. 

SAMOS. Per fesse, the chief gules, a lion's face or, the base per pale dexter 
argent on a mount in base vert, an ox couchant to the sinister issuing from the 
dexter side of the escutcheon : sinister, azure, on a mount in base vert, a crosier in 
bend argent surmounted by a peacock to the sinister close proper. 

SANDWICH (Kent). Party per pale gules and azure, three demi-lions passant 
guardant or, conjoined to the hulks of as many ships argent. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

SANQUHAR (Dumfriesshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents an embattled gateway approached by five steps, flanked on 
either side by a tower with cupola and fane, and above the battlements of the 
gateway rise three towers each with a like cupola and fane, the centre tower 
rising above the outer ones. The legend is " Sigillum commune Burgi de 
Sanquhar." 



694 





SANDWICH 



SALZBURG 





SALZBURG, DUCHY OF 



SAMOS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SAN MARINO, Republic of. Azure, on three rocks issuing in base as many 
towers all proper, and from the battlements of each tower an ostrich feather 
erect argent. 

SARAGOSSA (Spain). Azure, a lion rampant argent, crowned or. 

SARATOFF (Russia). Azure, three sturgeon issuing from the points of the 
escutcheon, their heads to the centre fesse point all proper. 

SARAWAK. This territory is only under British Protection. 

The arms made use of were those granted to Rajah Sir James Brooke, 
K.CB. He died without issue and was succeeded as Rajah by his nephew, 
H.H. Rajah Sir Charles Johnson Brooke, G.C.M.G. (originally Johnson), who 
adopted the name of Brooke and the arms of his uncle. These arms are : " Or, 
a cross engrailed per cross indented azure and sable, in the first quarter an estoile 
of the second. Crest— On an Eastern crown a brock proper ducally gorged or. 
Motto—" Dum spiro spero." The Rajah flies a yellow forked flag, charged with 
a cross per pale sable and gules charged with a crown and with the red lateral 
arm of the cross extended saltirewise to each point of the fork. 

SARAWAK. See Singapore, Labuan, and Sarawak, See of, and see Labuan and 
Sarawak, See of. 

SARK. Refer to Channel Islands. 

SASKATCHEWAN, Province of (Dominion of Canada). Vert, three garbs in fesse 
or, on a chief of the last a lion passant guardant gules. 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 2Sth August 1906.] 



696 





SAN MARINO 



SARAGOSSA 





SASKATCHEWAN, PROVINCE OF 



SARATOFF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SASKATCHEWAN, See of (Canada). Vert, on a fesse wavy argent, between 
in chief a i<ey and a pastoral staff in saltire and in base a garb, an Indian in a 
canoe all proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

SAVOY, THE MASTER OF THE (Hospital of King Henry VH., Savoy). 
Argent, on a cross gules, an ostrich feather enfiled with a scroll argent, between 
in chief a sword erect and in base a mill-rind surmounted by a fleur-de-lis, and 
a castle and a lion passant guardant in fesse all or, on a chief paly of four azure 
and gules, a paschal Iamb between two bezants, each charged with a rose gules 
and ensigned with the Imperial crown proper. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

As usually displayed these arms are supported (pendent by a guige from 
the beak) on the breast of an eagle displayed sable, quilled, beaked and crowned 
with an imperial crown or, but there is no authority for such usage. 

SAXE-ALTENBURG, Duchy of Quarterly: i Altenburg, argent, a rose gules, 
2 Eisenberg, argent, three bars azure, 3 Orlamunde, or, seme of hearts gules, 
a lion rampant sable crowned of the second, 4 Pleissen, azure, a lion rampant 
per fesse or and argent, over all a crowned inescutcheon of Saxony. Crests — 
I. Saxony, 2. Thuringia, 3. Weissen. Supporters — Two crowned lions guardant 
or, each supporting a banner per fesse argent and vert. 
[Refer to Saxony, Kingdom of] 



698 





SAVOY, MASTER OF THE 



SASKATCHEWAN, SEE OF 




SAXE-ALTENBURG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA, Duchy of. Quarterly: i or, a lion rampant 
sable (Julich), 2 gules, an escarbuncle or, the centre an inescutcheon argent 
(Cleves), 3 argent, a lion rampant gules, crowned azure (Berg) 4 gules, three 
hearts or (? seeblatter) (Engern), 5 gules, a horse saliant argent (Westphalia), 
6 sable, a lion rampant or (Coburg), 7 azure, a lion rampant barry of eight 
argent and gules, crowned or (Gotha), 8 or, a lion rampant sable (Meissen), 
9 Henneberg and Romhild (refer to Saxe-Meiningen) impaled, 10 per fesse 
argent and azure, seme of — a lion rampant, all counterchanged, crowned or 
(Lichtenburg), 11 azure, an eagle displayed or (Saxony), 12 sable, an eagle 
displayed or (Thuringia), 13 or, two pallets azure (Landsberg), 14 argent, three 
seeblatter gules (Brena), 15 or, seme of hearts gules, a lion rampant sable 
crowned of the second (Orlamunde), 16 azure, a lion rampant per fesse or 
and argent (Pleissen), 17 argent, a rose gules (Altenburg), 18 argent, three 
barrulets azure (Eisenberg), 19 or, a fess chequy gules and argent (Mark), 
20 argent, three chevronels gules (Ravensberg), 21 or, a bend argent, surmounted 
by a raven holding in its beak a gold ring (Ravenstein), 22 azure, a lion rampant 
argent (Tonna), 23 gules ; over all an escutcheon of Saxony. Crests — i. Saxony 
2. Meissen, 3. Thuringia, 4. a griffin's head or, collared gules, winged sable 
5. a bull's head gules, ringed and horned argent, crowned or, the rim chequy gules 
and argent, 6. out of a crown a plume of peacock feathers. Supporters — Two 
lions guardant and crowned or. Motto — " Fideliter et constanter." 

The present and late dukes bore on an escutcheon of Saxony an 
inescutcheon of the arms of the United Kingdom with their especial labels. 

SAXE - MEININGEN - HILDBURGHAUSEN, Duchy of Quarterly: 
I Thuringia, 2 Henneberg, 3 Romhild, gules, a Corinthian column argent, 
crowned or, 4 Meissen ; over all a crowned inescutcheon of Saxony, or else the 
quarterings as in the illustration of the full coat of arms. 
[Refer to the Kingdom of Saxony.] 



700 




SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA 




SAXEtMEININGEN-HILDBURGHAUSEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SAXE-WEIMAR EISENACH, Grand Duchy of. Quarterly: i Thuringia 
(azure, a lion rampant double queued barry of eight gules and argent), 2 Meissen, 
3 per pale on the dexter Henneberg ; sinister, per pale argent and gules, a bend 
enhanced and counterchanged (Neustadt Arnshaugk), 4 per pale (dexter) a lion 
rampant sable debruised by a bend or (Blankenhain), (sinister) bendy of eight 
azure and argent (Tautenberg); all over a crowned inescutcheon of Saxony. 
Crests — I. Saxony, 2. Thuringia, 3. Meissen. Motto — " Vigilando ascendimus." 
[Refer to Kingdom of Saxony for descriptions.] 



702 




SAXE-WEIMAR EISENACH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SAXONY, Kingdom of. Quarterly : i or, a lion rampant sable (Meissen), 2 azure, 
a lion rampant barry of eight argent and gules, crowned or (Thuringia), 3 sable, 
an eagle displayed or (Thuringia), 4 azure, an eagle displayed and crowned or 
(Saxony), 5 gules, 6 azure, a lion rampant per fesse or and argent (Pleissen), 
7 sable, a lion rampant crowned or (Voightlond), 8 gules, 9 or, seme of hearts 
gules, a lion rampant sable, crowned also gules (Orlamunde), 10 or, two pallets 
azure (Landsberg), n per fesse and the base per pale, (a) per fesse embattled 
azure and or, masoned sable (Oberlausitz), (1^) argent, a rose gules (Altenburg), 
(c) or, on a mount vert, a hen sable, combed gules (Henneberg), 12 argent, 
three barrulets azure (Eisenberg) ; over all an inescutcheon of Saxony, surmounted 
by the crown of Saxony, viz., barry often sable and or, a crown of rue in bend vert. 
Crests — I, Out of a crown apyramidical cylinder charged with the arms of Saxony 
terminating in a crown, therefrom a plume of peacock feathers (Saxony) ; 2. out 
of a crown two horns argent, adorned with linden leaves vert (Thuringia) ; 3. a 
man's head and shoulders proper in a cape paly of gules and argent, on his head 
a long cap of the same terminating in a bunch of peacock feathers (Meissen) ; 
4. a dog's head per pale argent and sable (Voightland) ; 5. out of a crown a wing 
per fesse embattled azure and or, the latter masoned sable (Oberlausitz). 
Supporters — Two lions regardant or. Motto — " Providentiae memor." 

Ordinarily the simple arms of Saxony alone on a shield surmounted with 
the crown and with the Supporters is all that is used. 



704 




SAXONY, KINGDOM OF 




SAXONY, KINGDOM OF 



8V 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SAXONY, Province of (Prussia). Barry of ten or and sable, a crown of rue in 
bend vert. Crest — Out of a crown a pyramidical cylinder charged with the arms 
ending in a crown, from which issues a bunch of peacock feathers. Supporters — 
(Dexter)asavage holding a banner of Prussia; (sinister) a man incomplete armour, 
on his head a plume of feathers or and sable, supporting a banner of the arms of 
Saxony as above. 

SCANDINAVIA. Refer to Denmark. 

SCARBOROUGH (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The arms of Lumley 
(Earls of Scarborough), " Argent, a fesse gules between three popinjays vert," 
are sometimes quoted as belonging to the town, but a copy of the seal usually 
answers the purposes of insignia. This, which is very ancient, shows a ship, a 
watch-tower, and a star. Legend, " Sigillum comune Burgensin de Scardeburg." 

SCHAFFHAUSEN, Canton (Switzerland). Argent, a ram saliant sable, crowned 
or. Supporter — (Behind the shield) a ram in full aspect sable, armed or. 

SCHAFFHAUSEN, Town of (Canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland). Or, on 
a mount in base vert, a city gateway issuing from the sinister side of the 
escutcheon argent, and therefrom a ram springing sable horned and crowned or. 
[As augmented in 15 12 by Pope Julius II.] 



706 




SAXONY, PROVINCE OF 





SCHAFFHAUSEN, TOWN OF 



SCHAFFHAUSEN, CANTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE, Principality of. Quarterly : i and 4, argent, a rose 
gules ; 2 and 3, gules, on an eight-pointed star or, a martlet sable: an inescutcheon 
of Holstein. Crests — i. Seven banners of Holstein between two sceptres or, from 
each a plume of peacock feathers issuing ; 2. out of a crown a rose gules 
between two wings per fesse argent and gules and counterchanged ; 3. on a 
wreath an eight-pointed star or, between two horns per fesse or and gules and 
counterchanged. Supporters — Two angels proper vested and winged argent, each 
holding a branch of palm. 

SCHEGEDIN (Hungary). Per pale, dexter azure, two bends argent, sinister a 
dimidiated eagle displayed sable, armed and crowned and holding in its claw a 
sceptre or. 

SCHLESWIG. Refer to Slesvig. 

SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, Province of (Prussia). Per pale dexter or, two 
lions passant in pale azure (for Schleswig) ; sinister, gules, an inescutcheon per 
fesse argent and of the field within three nettle-leaves and as many passion 
nails alternately disposed in orle (Holstein). Ci'est — Out of a crown three 
sceptres or, each terminating in a bunch of peacock feathers, between four 
banners of the arms of Holstein, two on either side. Supporters — (Dexter) a 
savage supporting a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a man in complete armour, on 
his head a plume of four feathers azure or gules and argent, holding in his hand 
a banner of Schleswig-Holstein as above. 



708 




SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE 




SCHEGEDIN 




SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN, Principality of. Or, an eagle displayed 
with two heads sable, each head within a nimbus and between them an imperial 
crown, the dexter claw holding a sceptre, the sinister an orb ; on the breast an 
inescutcheon of the field, thereon a crown, in base a hayfork and a comb, both 
fesseways gules. The full achievement with quarterings is as shown in the 
illustration. 

SCHWEIZ, Canton (Switzerland). Gules, in the sinister chief point a cross couped 
argent. Supporter — On the sinister, a Swiss in complete armour, on his sinister 
arm a shield with the arms of the canton, his dexter arm supporting the shield 
and also holding a banner of the arms. 

SCHWERIN (Germany). Azure, a chevalier on horseback armed cap-a-pie, on his 
arm a shield charged with a lion passant, and carrying a standard all or. 

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Refer to Imperial College of Science and 
Technology. 



710 




SCHWARZBURG- SONDERHAUSEN 





SCHWERIN 



SCHWEIZ 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SCOTLAND. The entry in Lyon Register, dated 1672, is as follows: — 
The blason of the atchevement of the King of Scotland. 
The most high and mighty Monarch Charles the second Gives as the 
Soveraigne atchivement of his antient Kingdome of Scotland, Or, a Lyon rampant 
gules armed and langued azure within a double tressur flowered and counter- 
flowered with flowers de lis of the second, Encircled with the order of Scotland 
the same being composed of Rue and thistles having the Image of St. Andrew 
with his crosse on his brest y unto pendent. Above the shield ane Helmet 
answerable to his Majesties high qualitie and jurisdiction with a mantle or 
doubled ermine adorned with ane Imperiall Crowne beautified with crosses 
pattee and flowers de lis surmounted on the top for his Majesties Crest of a Lyon 
sejant full faced gules crowned or holding in his dexter paw a naked sword 
proper and in the sinister a Scepter both erected paleways supported be two 
Unicornes Argent crowned with Imperiall and goarged with open Crownes, to the 
last chains affixed passing betwixt their fore leggs and reflexed over their backs 
or, he on the dexter imbracing and bearing up a banner of cloath of gold 
charged with the Royall Armes of Scotland and he on the sinister another Banner 
azure charged with a St. Andrews Crosse argent, both standing on ane compart- 
ment placed underneath from which issue thistles one towards each side of the 
escutcheon, and for his Majisties Royall Motto's in ane escroll over all In defence, 
and under on the table of the compartment Nemo me impune lacessit. 
[Refer to Great Britain.] 

The Act of Union provided that the Arms of the United Kingdom should 
be declared by Her Majesty, and one version for the United Kingdom was called 
into being. No warrant for any special version of the Royal Arms for use in Scot- 
land has ever been issued, but for the purposes of the Great Seal of Scotland a 
special design was submitted to King Edward VII., who approved the same by 
Order in Council, nth August 1903. The seal is illustrated and described in 
the Report of the Deputy-Master of the Mint for 1904, and annexed to the 
illustration is the following description of " The Royal Arms of Scotland," viz. : — 
Anns — Quarterly, First and Fourth, or, a lion rampant within a double tressure 
flory, counterflory gules ; Second, gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or ; 
Third, azure, a harp or, stringed argent. The shield is surrounded by the collar 
of the Order of the Thistle with the St Andrew pendant therefrom. Crest — On 
the Royal Crown proper, a lion sejant aff'rontee gules, holding in his dexter paw 
a sword and in his sinister a sceptre erect, also proper. Supporters — De.xter, a 
unicorn argent, armed, crlned and unguled or, gorged with a coronet composed 
of crosses pattee and fleurs-de-lis, a chain affixed thereto, reflexed over the back 
and fastened to a staple below, of the last, and holding erect a lance ensigned 
with the flag of Scotland, azure, a saltire argent. Sinister, a lion guardant or, 
crowned with the Royal crown proper, holding erect a lance ensigned with the 
flag of England argent, a cross gules. Motto — Over the crest, "In defens." 
[The seal itself shows the unicorn crowned with a similar crown to the lion, 
which fact is omitted in the description.] A similar design appears upon the 

712 




SCOTLAND 




AS USED IN SCOTLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

Great Seal of Scotland of King George V. This order in Council is in Scotland 
held to authorise this version of the Royal Arms for general use in that country, 
but it really has no such legal effect. If either king had intended or desired 
such a result, the intention would have been declared by a proper Warrant 
issued in a proper way. Arms for the United Kingdom are one thing, arms for 
that part of it called Scotland are another, but the foregoing design is neither. 

SCOTLAND. Refer to Antiquaries, Archers, Armour-Bearer, Bank of, Church of, 
Earl Marischal, Educational Institute of, Hereditary Great Master of the House- 
hold in, Linen Manufacturers in, Lord High Chamberlain, Lord High Constable, 
Lord Justice-General, National Bank of, North of Scotland Banking Company, 
Revels, Master of, and Ushers. 

SCOTLAND, Heritable Usher for. Refer to Walker Trustees. 

SCOTLAND, Company of, trading to Africa and the Indies. Azure, a saltire 
argent, between a ship under sail flagged of Scotland in chief proper, a Peruvian 
sheep in base, a camel on the dexter and an elephant on the sinister [proper], the 
first two of these loaded and' the last bearing a turret of the second. Crest —  
A rising sun. Sitpporters — De.xter an Indian, .sinister a Negro " au naturel," 
each bearing on his shoulder a cornucopia with this motto in an escroU above, 
" Qua panditur orbis," and in the table of the compartment this symbol, " Vis 
unita fortior." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, loth July 1696.] 

SCOTS CORPORATION. (Incorporated 1665.) No armorial ensign ; the seal 
represents the figure of Charity, with one child in her arms and three others 
standing near her, naked ; on the dexter side a shield, hung on a tree, bearing 
the arms of St Andrew, viz., Argent a saltire azure, to which the figure is pointing 
with the dexter hand ; on the sinister side of the escutcheon a thistle issuing 
from the ground in base, stalked and leaved, over it a regal crown ; round the 
seal the legend — " Beati misericordes, quoniam ipsis misericordia tribuetur." 

SCRIVENERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 28th 
January 1617.) Azure, an eagle with wings expanded or, standing on a book 
in base lying fessewise gules, close clasped and garnished of the second holding 
in his mouth a penner and inkhorn sable, stringed gules. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, a dexter arm issuing from the clouds proper, vested or, cuffed 
argent, in the hand a pen as if writing on the wreath. Mottoes — (Over crest) 
" Scribite Scientes," (under arms) " Litera scripta manet." Supporters — Two 
Counsellors habited in their gowns and caps as worn in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, each holding in his exterior hand a parchment roll proper. 

[Arms confirmed and crest and supporters granted by Henry St George, 
Clarenceux, nth November 1634.] 

SCULPTORS' COMPANY (Gateshead). Refer to Marblers. 

714 




SCRIVENERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SEAFORD (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. Two seals are recorded in 
the College of Arms. The larger bears upon its obverse a bird regardant with 
wings endorsed, and the legend " Sigillum burgensium de Saefordia"; and 
upon the reverse, upon waves of the sea a three-masted ship, the sail on the 
main-mast set and on the others furled, and each having a pennon, with the 
legend "With Suttonij et Chyngton." The smaller seal has an eagle displayed 
looking to the sinister, with the legend " Sigillum Balivi de Sa^ford." Berry 
seems to have confused the two seals. 

SECRETARIES, CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF (London). Ermine, on a 
pale engrailed azure, between two keys in pale wards downward or, a quill pen 
palewise argent. Crest — On a key fessewise, wards downward and to the sinister 
or, a Secretary bird close proper. Motto — " Semper vigilans." 
[Granted, College of Arms, May 2, 1903.] 

SEDBERGH SCHOOL (Sedbergh, Yorkshire). Argent, on a chevron gules, 
between three wolves' heads erased vert, as many lilies argent slipped and 
leaved of the third, on a chief of the second a tau between two escallops or. 
Motto — " Dura virum nutrix." 

[Of no authority, being the arms of Roger Lupton the founder] 

SEKFORD'S ALMSHOUSE (Woodbridge, Suffolk). Ermine, on a fess gules, 
three escallops argent, a crescent of the second in chief (for difference) being the 
arms borne by Thomas Sekford, Esquire, the Founder, with the addition of a 
bordure azure, thereon eight roses argent, each surmounted of another rose gules. 
Motto — " Orationes et eleemosynoe ascendunt in memoriam coram Deo." 
[Granted, College of Arms.] 

SELKIRK (County of). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. Those 
claimed, and which appear upon the seal of the County Council, are said to 
have been suggested by Sir Walter Scott, and are, (Argent?) on a mount in 
base a stag lodged regardant in front of a tree, all proper. Motto — " Leal to 
the Border." 

SELKIRK (Selkirkshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
various seals all represent the Holy Virgin with her Child seated on a throne, 
trees growing from behind the throne, and at her feet an escutcheon charged 
with the Royal Arms of Scotland. Upon the Town-Clerk's notepaper a 
similiar design appears, but clouds are substituted for the trees, and in place 
of the legend is the Motto — " Et spreta incolvmem vita defendere famam." 



716 





SECRETARIES, CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF 



SEDBERGH SCHOOL 




SEKFORD'S ALMSHOUSE 




SELKIRK, COUNTY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SELKIRK, See of (Canada). Per fesse vert and argent, over all an open book 
between in chief three pine trees paleways in fesse, and in base a bear passant 
proper. 

[Of no authority. See now known as Yukon.] 

SELYWN COLLEGE (Cambridge). The arms of the See of Lichfield (the 
crosses counterchanged), impaling the arms of Selwyn argent, on a bend 
cottised sable, a bordure engrailed gules, in chief a crescent for difference. 
[Of no authority.] 

SENESCHALL OF IRELAND. Refer to Hereditary Lord Great Seneschal of 
Ireland. 

SERAMPORE COLLEGE (Bengal). Argent, a cross gules, on a chief azure, an 
open book or, the pages argent, between two crosses pattee gules, pierced of the 
first, fimbriated of the fourth. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon clouds, 
a pelican in her piety all proper. Motto — " Gloriam sapientes possidebunt." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 4th April 191 3.] 

SERJEANTS' INN (Fleet Street, London). Gules, two garbs in saltire or, 
banded azure. 

[Of no authority.] 

SERJEANTS' INN, OLD (Chancery Lane, London). Or, a stork proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

SERVIA. Gules, a boar's head erect proper, pierced by an arrow in pale argent. 

[These are the arms of Servia as formerly borne by Austria. As an 
independent State different arms have been adopted.] 

SERVIA, Kingdom of. Gules, an eagle displayed with two heads argent, armed 
or between two fleurs-de-lis in base azure, surmounted by an inescutcheon of 
the field thereon, on a cross between four fusils argent, a sword in pale point 
upwards azure. 

SEVILLE (Spain). Argent, three torches, one in pale and two in saltire inflamed 
and interlaced with a cord all proper, the whole between the letters " N O " on 
the dexter and " D O " on the sinister. 

SEYCHELLES ISLANDS. No warrant assigning arms has yet been issued to 
the Seychelles Islands. The device published by the Admiralty is a landscape 
disc showing a palm tree and the motto, " Finis coronat opus." 



718 



\$m^^ 


^^^ma// 


/i\ / 




Am 


%^mm^ 


•jf 


M 


r~5&- ' 


^ 




^ 


^ 




. 




^^S^ 






SELKIRK, SEE OF 



<? 





SERAMPORE COLLEGE 




SEVILLE 



SERVIA, KINGDOM OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SHAFTESBURY (Dorsetshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following are 
quoted by Burke in his " General Armory," and by Berry : — " Quarterly ar. 
and az. a cross counterchanged ; in the first and fourth quarters a fleur-de-lis 
of the second, in the second and third quarters a leopard's face of the first." 
Upon the Corporation notepaper the foregoing coat-of-arms appears within 
the legend, " Sigillum officii maiora us burgi Shaston " ; but the leopards' faces 
are or. 

SHANTUNG, See of (China). Azure, a range of mountains proper, on a chief or, 
a pale gules charged with a cross moline or. 
[Of no authority.] 

SHEERMEN, Fraternity of. An ancient name for the Cloth-Workers' Company, 
to which refer. 

SHEFFIELD, See of. Azure, a crosier in pale ensigned by a fleur-de-lis between 
in fesse a key surmounted by a sword in saltire to the dexter and to the sinister 
eight arrows interlaced and banded saltirewise, all or. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 21st April 191 4.] 



720 




SHAFTESBURY 





SHANTUNG, SEE OF 



SHEFFIELD, SEE OF 



2Z 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SHEFFIELD (Yorkshire). Per fess azure and vert, in chief eight arrows in 
saltire banded argent, and in base three garbs or ; and for the Crest — Upon 
a wreath of the colours, a Hon rampant argent, collared gemel azure, holding 
an ancient shield also azure, thereon eight arrows as in the arms. Supporters — 
On the dexter side, a figure habited as Thor, resting his exterior hand on a 
hammer, all proper; and on the sinister side, a figure habited as Vulcan 
standing in front of an anvil, and in the dexter hand a pair of pincers, all also 
proper. Motto — " Deo adjuvante labor proficit." The supporters were added 
to the arms of Sheffield by a grant dated August 31, 1893, consequent upon 
the elevation of that town to the rank and dignity of a city. 

SHEFFIELD UNIVERSITY. Refer to University of Sheffield. 

SHERBORNE SCHOOL. Uses the arms of King Edward VI., the founder, 
i.e. France and England quarterly. Motto — " Dieu et mon droit." 
[Of no authority.] 

SHIELDS. See North Shields and South Shields. 

SHIP CARPENTERS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of. 

SHIPWRIGHTS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 1905.) 
Azure, in the sea the hulk of a ship or, on a chief argent, a cross gules, charged 
with a lion passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath or and azure, on an ark 
sable, resting on a mount vert, a dove proper, bearing an olive branch. 
Motto—'' Within the ark safe for ever." 

[Arms granted, College of Arms, 1605.] 

[Berry blazons this coat "azure, an antique hulk, the stern terminating with 
the head of a dragon, in the hulk the ark with three doors in the side, from the 
ark against the side a step ladder all or, on a chief argent," etc., and he makes 
the ark in the crest gold.] 

SHOEMAKERS, The Craft and Incorporation of (Aberdeen). Gules, a shoe- 
maker's shaping knife fesseways, edge upwards, the blade proper, and hafted 
argent, over the same a crown or, and in a dexter canton a tower triple towered 
of Aberdeen. Alotto — " Lord, crown us with glory." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, iSth May 1682.] 

SHOEMAKERS' COMPANY (London). Refer to Cordwainers' Company. 

SHOEMAKERS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of. 

SHOEMAKERS' GUILD. (Winterthur, in the Canton of Zurich, 1583.) Gules, 
above a pointed shoe sable, a draw-knife argent, the handle or. 

SHOREDITCH, Borough of (London). Has no arms. Those in use are a 
bi-corporated lion ducally crowned, the head in chief. Motto — " More light, 
more power." 

[Of no authority.] 

722 




SHEFFIELD 





SHIPWRIGHTS, COMPANY OF 



SHOREDITCH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SHOREHAM (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. The seal of the High 
Constable represents party per pale, the dexter side argent crusuly sable, a 
lion rampant towards the sinister azure; the sinister side gules, three lions 
passant guardant in pale or. 

SHREWSBURY, Otherwise SALOP. Azure, three leopards' faces or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] Motto — " Floreat Salopia." 

SHREWSBURY SCHOOL. Uses the arms of King Edward VI., the founder, 
i.e. France and England quarterly. Motto — " Intus si recte ne labora." 
[Of no authority.] 

SHROPSHIRE. Erminois, three piles 'azure, two issuant from the chief and one 
in base, each charged with a leopard's face or. Motto — " Floreat Salopia." 

[Granted i8th June 1896. The grant is reproduced in facsimile in the 
Genealogical Magazine, vol. ii. p. 2. The fees were defrayed by Sir Oftley 
Wakeman, Bart.] 



724 




SHOREHAM 




SHREWSBURY 





SHREWSBURY SCHOOL 



SHROPSHIRE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SIAM, Kingdom of. Refer to illustration. 

SIBERIA. Refer to Russia. 

SICILY. Per saltire in chief and in base the arms of Arragon (or, four pallets gules), 
in flanks argent an eagle displayed sable. 

SIDNEY AND SUSSEX COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded in 1 595 by Frances, 
daughter of Sir William Sidney, Knt, and widow of Thomas Radcliff, Earl of 
Sussex.) Argent, a bend engrailed sable for Radcliff, impaling Or, a pheon azure, 
for Sidney. 

[Granted by Sir Edward Walker, Garter, 1675.] 

SIERRA LEONE. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Sierra 
Leone, but the following arms are in general use : " Argent, issuant from a 
mount in base a palm-tree proper, on a chief indented azure, a lion passant 
guardant or." 

[These arms are quite unauthorised. The device published by the Admiralty 
for use upon the Union flag by the Governor is a landscape disc, thereon an 
elephant in front of a palm tree, a range of mountains in the background. The 
letters S.L. are in base. The same device, with the letters G.C., is published for 
the Gold Coast, and also with the letter G for Gambia.] 

SIERRA LEONE, See ol. Argent, a lion couchant in front of a serrated rock 
proper, on a chief gules, two trumpets in saltire, mouths upwards of the first. 
[Of no authority.] 

SIGNET, Society of Writers to. Refer to Writers to the Signet. 



726 




SIAM 




SICILY 




SIDNEY AND SUSSEX COLLEGE 




SIERRA LEONE, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
SILESIA. Refer to Austria. 

SILESIA, Province of (Prussia). Or, an eagle displayed sable, crowned and 
armed of the field, on its breast and wings a crescent and crosslet conjoined 
argent. Crest — On an oval medallion or, the edge ornamented with peacock 
feathers proper, the arms of Silesia as above. Stipporters — (Dexter) a savage 
holding a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a man in complete armour, on his head 
a plume of feathers argent and or, holding a banner of the arms of Silesia 
as above. 

SILK-THROWSTERS' COMPANY, London. Argent, three bundles or hanks 
of silk in fesse sable on a chief azure, a silk-thrower's mill or. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a mount vert, thereon a mulberry tree with silk-worms 
variously dispersed all proper. Supporters. — Two Janissary guards proper, 
habited in the dress of the country {i.e. with turbans on their heads, coats a little 
way down their arms, and half boots rolled all proper), each having a hank of 
silk hanging over his e.xterior arm ; the dexter holding a battle-axe erect, the 
sinister a scimitar, the point downwards of the last. Motto — " God in his least 
creatures." 

[Arms and crest granted by John Smert, Garter, 20th October 1464.] 

SILKMEN, Company of, London. (Incorporated temp. Charles I.) Argent, a 
ship of three masts in full sail on the sea in base all proper, on a chief azure, a 
bale of silk corded argent between two bundles of silk pendent proper. Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours, a Janissary guard habited gules, undercoat azure, 
breeches purpure, stockings or, turban gules, turned up argent, holding in his 
dexter hand a battle-axe erect or headed argent, and over his dexter arm a 
hank of silk, his sinister arm supporting an antique shield or, charged with an 
escutcheon azure charged with a sun in splendour. Supporters — Two camels or, 
each bridled sable and loaded with two bales of silk argent. 
[Granted by St George, Clarenceux, 163 1.] 

SINGAPORE. Refer to Straits Settlements. 

SINGAPORE, See of. Argent, a saltire gules. 
[Of no authority.] 

SINGAPORE, LABUAN, AND SARAWAK, See of. Per fesse in chief a saltire 
and in base a pastoral staff surmounted by two keys addorsed in saltire. 
[Of no authority. This See is now divided.] 

SION COLLEGE (London). Argent, on a chevron between three griffins' heads 
erased sable, a leopard's face or. 
[Of no authority.] 

SIX CLERKS' OFFICE. Refer to Kidderminster Inn. 

728 





SILESIA 



SINGAPORE, SEE OF 





SION COLLEGE 



SINGAPORE, LABUAN, AND SARAWAK, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
SKINNERS, United Company of Glovers and (Exeter). Refer to Glovers. 

SKINNERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated ist March 
1327.) Ermine, on a chief gules three princes' crowns composed of crosses 
pattee and fleurs-de-lis or, with caps of the first, tasselled of the third. Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours, a lizard proper, wreathed about the neck with 
laurel leaves vert, purfled or. Supporters — (Dexter) a lizard or short-tailed wild 
cat of Norway rampant guardant proper, i.e. of a dark brown colour spotted 
with black, (sinister) a martin sable, each gorged with a wreath of laurel leaves 
vert, purfled or. Motto — " To God only be all glory." 

[Arms granted by Hawley, Clarenceu.x, 5th October 1551 ; crest and 
supporters by William Hervey, Clarenceux, granted 1561.] 

SKINNERS (Edinburgh). Berry in his description of the arms on the Gold 
Medal of the Deacon-Convener of the Corporate Bodies of Trades in Edin- 
burgh (refer sub Edinburgh) gives for the Skinners "party per fesse gules and 
argent, a pale counterchanged, on the first, three goats salient of the second." 
But these arms so closely resemble the arms of the Glovers of London that 
perhaps Berry is wrong and that the arms used by the Skinners of Edinburgh 
are really the ne.xt coat, " ermine, on a chief gules, three imperial crowns proper," 
which he assigns to the Furriers of Edinburgh, but which are identical with the 
arms of the Skinners of London and the United Glovers and Skinners of Exeter. 
[No arms are matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh.] 

SLESVIG. Refer to Denmark. 

SLIGO (County). Has no armorial bearings. 

SLIGO, City of (Co. Sligo). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
The design upon the seal which does duty represents a ruined building overhung 
by a tree, and a hare courant therefrom. 

SMITHS. Refer to Blacksmiths, Hammermen, and see Stornoway, Incorporated 
Trades of 

SMITH'S COMPANY (Exeter). Used for arms. " Sable, a chevron argent, 
between three hammers or, ducally crowned of the last." Motto — " Tractent 
fabrillia fabri." 

[The arms, which are recorded in the College of Arms, are those of the 
Blacksmiths' Company of London, to which refer.] 



730 




SKINNERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SOAP BOILERS' COMPANY (London). (Sometimes called the Soap Makers 
Company. Incorporated 22nd May 1638.) Azure, a whale proper between 
three harpoons argent. Cres/— On a wreath of the colours, on a mount vert, an 
olive tree proper, the trunk environed by a ducal coronet or. Supporters — Two 
Muscovites proper with long robes azure, garnished or, vested gules, breeches 
azure, long boots or, caps azure, turned up argent, feathers proper, each holding 
over the shoulder a battle-axe or, headed argent. Motto — " Dii rexque 
secundent." 

[Granted by Borough, Garter. Misc. Gts. iv. 6.] 

SODBURY. See Chipping Sodbury. 

SODOR AND MAN, See of. Standing on a pavement in fesse chequy a re- 
presentation of the Virgin Mary, her arms extended between, and the hands 
holding two pillars, the dexter pillar charged with a church, in base an 
escutcheon of the arms of Man ensigned with a mitre. 

[These arms are recorded in the College of Arms, but no colours are noted 
in the record. The field is usually stated to be argent, and the charges all 
proper, which is probably correct. Woodward, however, in his " Ecclesiastical 
Heraldry," makes the field gules, though on what authority does not appear.] 

SOLICITORS' SOCIETY. Refer to Attorneys. 

SOLOTHURN, Canton (Switzerland). Per fesse gules and argent. Supporter 
— Sinister, a Swiss in complete armour, holding a banner of the arms all 
proper. 

SOMALILAND. No arms exist for Somaliland, but the Admiralty publish as the 
device to be used upon the Union flag by the Governor, a white disc with the 
head and shoulders of an antelope issuing to the sinister from the dexter base. 

SOMERSET COUNTY COUNCIL. Or, a dragon rampant gules, holding in the 
claws a mace erect azure. 

[Granted, College of Arms, December 9, 191 1.] 

SOMERS ISLANDS, otherwise the BERMUDAS. Refer to Bermudas. 

SONNENBURG, County of Azure, a hill in base or, surmounted by the sun in 
its splendour. 

SONS OF THE CLERGY CORPORATION. Refer to Clergymen's Widows 
and Children. 

SORBANO, Province of (Florence). Or, a mountain ash-tree proper, fructed 
gules, issuing from a mount in base vert, supported by two lions, the dexter 
vert and the sinister gules, over all on a chief argent, a fleur-de-lis gules. 



732 





SOMERSET COUNTY COUNCIL 



SODOR AND MAN, SEE OF 





SONNENBURG 



SORBANO 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC'ARMS 

SOUTH AFRICA, Union of. Quarterly per fesse wavy the first quarter gules, a 
female figure representing Hope, resting the dexter arm upon a rock, and 
supporting with the sinister hand an anchor argent ; second quarter or, two 
black Wildebeesten in full course at random both proper ; third quarter or, 
upon an island an Orange tree vert, fructed proper ; fourth quarter vert, a trek 
waggon argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a lion passant guardant 
gules supporting with the dexter paw four staves erect, alternately argent and 
azure and banded or. Supporters — (Dexter) a springbok, (sinister) an oryx 
(gems bok), both proper. Motto — " Ex unitate vires." 
[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 1910.] 

SOUTH AFRICA. Refer to British South Africa Company, and see arms for 
Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, Orange River, Cape Town, Johannesburg, and 
Pretoria. 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA, State of (Commonwealth of Australia). No warrant 

assigning arms has as yet been issued to the State of South Australia, but the 

State issues the " State Badge" which is on an orange roundle an Australian 

. piping shrike displayed. This is used by the Governor upon the Union flag. 

Refer to Australia. 

SOUTH MOLTON (Devonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal shows 
a fleece banded. Above this is a royal crown and below a bishop's mitre 
with the motto, " Fiat ustitia." The legend is " Libertas de South Molton." 

SOUTH SEA COMPANY. (Established by Act of Parliament, 1712.) Azure, a 
terrestrial globe showing the Western Hemisphere, whereon are represented the 
Continent of America and the islands thereunto belonging, together with the 
Straits of Magellan and the Cape Horn all proper ; in dexter chief the arms of 
the United Kingdom of England and Scotland, and in sinister two herrings 
saltirewise proper, crowned or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a British 
man-of-war under sail, the men, masts, rigging, and anchors proper, purfled or, 
stern, guns, sails, and lanterns gold, the windows argent, having her Ensign, Jack, 
Standard, Union, and Admiralty flags all displayed. Siif>portcrs — (De.xter) 
Britannia proper, habited in a crimson vest, the girdle about her waist or, 
buttons of emeralds at her neck and sleeves, of ruby at her knee, all set in gold, 
her under-garment argent, reposing her right hand upon an antique shield, 
garnished or, charged with the Union crosses, placed before a spear gold, the 
head argent, which rests upon her right arm, and holding in her left hand the 
badge of the said United Kingdoms ; (sinister) a fisherman proper, habited in 
a waistcoat open and turned back at the collar russet colour, lined and the cuff's 
turned up crimson, his shirt appearing at his neck, breast and hands argent, cap 
on his head gules, turned up with fur proper, about his waist a girdle buckled 
and his breeches yellow, booted sable, holding on his left arm a fishing net 
proper. Motto — " A gadibus usque auroram." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 171 1.] 

734 




SOUTH AFRICA, UNION OF 




SOUTH AUSTRALIA, STATE BADGE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SOUTH SHIELDS. Has no armorial bearings. The seal exhibits a wonderful 
achievement, namely, Argent, on waves of the sea a boat with four rowers, all 
rowing the same side, one passenger and a coxswain, all proper, and in chief 
the words " Always ready." Crest — An anchor in pale cabled, all proper. Motto 
— " Courage, humanity, commerce." Supporters — On the dexter side a sailor 
habited and holding in his dexter hand a telescope, all proper, and on the 
sinister side a female figure vested in long garments, the face, neck, and arms 
proper, crowned with a mural coronet, and holding in her exterior hand a 
rod of Esculapius. Behind the escutcheon upon the seal is a trophy of two 
flags, that on the dexter side being the Union Jack, that on the sinister the 
Banner of St George. 

SOUTH TOKYO, See of Argent, a cross gules, a chief harry wavy azure and 
argent, a sun in splendour issuant in the midst. 
[Of no authority.] 



736 




SOUTH SHIELDS 




SOUTH TOKYO, SEE OF 



3* 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SOUTHAMPTON, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

SOUTHAMPTON, County of, otherwise Hampshire. See Hampshire. 

SOUTHAMPTON (Hants). Party per fesse gules and argent, three roses 
counterchanged. Crest — Upon a mount vert, a double tower or, and issuing 
from the upper battlements thereof a demy female affrontee proper, vested 
purpure, crined and crowned with an Eastern coronet also or, holding in her 
dexter hand a sword erect point upwards argent, pommel and hilt of the second, 
and in her sinister hand a balance sable, the pans gold. 

In the visitation book, in the drawing of these arms of Southampton, 
the escutcheon rests upon a mount vert, issuing from waves of the sea, and 
thereupon placed on either side of the escutcheon a ship of two masts at anchor, 
the sails furled all proper, the round top or, and from each mast-head flying 
a banner of St George, upon the stern of each vessel a lion rampant also or, 
supporting the escutcheon exactly as shown in the illustration. But I question 
if the whole of this environment can be justly included under the heading 
of " Supporters." The seal simply shows upon waves of the sea a ship of 
three masts in full sail, the main-sail being charged with the escutcheon onl)'. 
Legend, " Sigillum commune villas Southamptoniae." The arms are frequently 
made use of with the colours reversed. The arms were granted 4th August 
1575- 

SOUTHEND-ON-SEA (Essex). Azure, on a pile argent, between on the 
dexter an anchor erect, on the sinister a grid-iron, and in base a trefoil slipped 
or, a flower vase, issuing therefrom a sprig of lilies proper. Crest — Issuant out 
of a mural crown gules, the mast of a ship proper flowing therefrom a flag 
argent charged with a cross throughout also gules. Suppoiiers— On the dexter 
side, a medieval fisherman trailing a net with his exterior hand all proper, and 
on the sinister side a Cluniac monk proper, holding in the dexter hand a book 
gules and in the exterior hand a staff also proper. Motto — " Per mare per 
ecclesiam." 

[Arms and Crest granted, College of Arms, ist January 1915 ; Supporters, 
2nd January 191 5.] 



7.38 




SOUTHAMPTON 




■^p,i 



v\.x^y 



SOUTHEND-ON-SEA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SOUTHPORT (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings. On the Corporation 
notepaper the following arms are used, which are quoted by Burke in his 
" General Armory " : — " An a fesse dancettde betw. in chief three cross crosslets 
fitchee sa., and in base a lifeboat with men, sky, and sea all ppr. Crest— K 
serpent ppr. entwined about a cross crosslet fitchee sa. Motto — ' Salus 
populi. 

SOUTHWARK, Borough of (London). Quarterly argent and azure, a cross 
quarterly gules and of the first between a rose of the third, barbed and seeded 
proper in the first quarter, a lily also of the first, slipped proper, in the second 
quarter, an annulet ensigned with a cross pattee and interlaced with a saltire 
conjoined in base all or in the third quarter, and a stag's head caboshed also of 
the third in the fourth quarter. Alotto—" United to serve." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 14th June 1902.] 

SOUTHWARK, See of. Argent, eleven fusils in cross conjoined, seven in pale 
fessewise, four in fesse palewise, and in the dexter chief a mitre all gules. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms. Granted 1905] 

SOUTHWARK, St Saviour's Collegiate Church. Argent, a cross azure, in the 
dexter chief a cinquefoil gules. 

[Given in Crockford, but of no authority.] 



74° 





SOUTHPORT 



SOUTHWARK, SEE OF 





SOUTHWARK, ST SAVIOUR'S 
COLLEGIATE CHURCH 



SOUTHWARK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SOUTHWELL, See of. Sable, three fountains proper, a chief or, thereon a pale 
azure, charged with a representation of the Virgin Mary seated, bearing the 
Infant Christ or, between a stag lodged proper on the dexter side and on the 
sinister a cross ragulj' vert. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. Granted 18S4.] 

SOUTHWOLD (Suffolk). (Sable), two arrows in saltire enfiled with a ducal 
coronet (or). Crest — The bust of a man couped at the breast, vested and 
regally crowned. 

Recorded in the College of Arms, but no colours are given. 

The seal represents this coat upon an escutcheon, but with the addition 
of the letter S (reversed) in base; and here the coronet is composed of two 
cinquefoils and three fleurs-de-lis. The shield is surmounted by an esquire's 
helmet and mantling, and has for the crest the figure of a man couped at the 
breast and vested, but the head-covering is more like a mitre than a regal 
Crown. The legend is "They Ryght defend." [The illustration .shows the 
arms and crest as they appear upon the seal, and in the form they are used.] 

SPAIN, Kingdom of Quarterly : i and 4 gules, a castle or (Castile) ; 2 and 3 argent, 
a lion rampant gules (sometimes represented purpure), crowned or (Leon) ent^ 
en point argent, a pomegranate gules, seeded and slipped proper (Grenada). 
Supporters — (Which are very seldom used) Two lions or, holding banners of the 
arms. 

Whilst the foregoing arms may be properly described as the arms of the 
Kingdom of Spain they are usually surmounted by an escutcheon of the arms 
of France azure, three fleurs-de-lis or. 

Almost as often they appear, with the inescutcheon of France thereupon, 
themselves as an inescutcheon upon a larger escutcheon of three rows of 
quarterings as follows (upper row) : — 

1. Or, four pallets gules (Arragon). 

2. Per saltire, the chief and base paly or and gules, the flanks argent, 
charged with an eagle displayed sable (Sicily). 

3. Gules, a fesse argent (Austria). 

4. Azure, seme-de-lis or, a bordure compony argent and gules (Burgundy, 
modern). 

5. (Second row) On dexter side of inescutcheon, or, six fleurs-de lis azure, 
three, two, and one azure (Parma). 

6. On sinister side of inescutcheon, or, five balls gules, in chief another of 
a larger size azure, thereon three fleur-de-lis or (Tuscany). 

7. (Third row) Bendy or and azure, a bordure gules (Burgundy, ancient). 

8. Or, a lion rampant sable (Flanders). 

9. Argent, an eagle displayed gules. 

10. Sable, a lion rampant or (Brabant). 

It is almost universal for the escutcheon of the royal arms of Spain to be 
drawn as an oval cartouche. 

742 





SOUTHWOLD 



SOUTHWELL, SEE OF 




U D I- I C J 



SPAIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SPANISH MERCHANTS, Company of. Azure in base a sea, with a dolphin's 
head appearing in the water all proper, on the sea a ship of three masts, in full 
sail, all or, the sail and rigging argent, on each a cross gules, in the dexter 
chief point the sun in splendour, in the sinister chief point an estoile of the 
third ; on a chief of the fourth, a cross of the fifth, charged with the lion of 
England. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, two arms embowed issuing out ol 
clouds all proper, holding in the hands a globe or. Supporters — Two seahorses 
argent, finned or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

SPAR. Or, a lion rampant gules. 

[This coat is borne for Spar by the Earls of Caithness, and some other 
members of the Sinclair family.] 

SPECTACLE-MAKERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 
i6th INlay 1629.) Has no arms. Uses indifferently two spurious coats {a) azure, 
three pairs of spectacles, or {b) azure, a pair of compasses e-xpanded chevron- 
wise between two pairs of spectacles in chief and a terrestrial globe on a stand 
in base, all argent. Crest — Two arms counter-embowed, vested (? azure) semee 
of mullets argent, cuffed argent, holding in the hands proper a serpent biting 
its tail in a circle, and within the same the sun in his splendour. Motto — " A 
blessing to the aged." 

[Both of these devices are equally without authority.] 

SPURRIERS. Refer to Blacksmiths and Spurriers. 

STAFFORDSHIRE Has no armorial bearings. The County Council have 
adopted for the seal and stationery the arms " Or, a chevron gules," which are 
those of the old family of Stafford, now represented by the Right Hon. 
Baron Stafford, who quarters the said arms. His Grace the Duke of Sutherland, 
who is Marquess of the County of Stafford — the title being used by his eldest 
son — is not connected with the Stafford family. The County Council surround 
the arms with a continuous succession of Stafford knots "a la Cordeliere," 
adorned with four medallions, having allusion to the industries of the County, 
and bearing: (i) A garb, I imagine, for Agriculture; (2) A jug, presumbly 
for the Pottery trade ; (3) The astronomical sign of Mars, which is always 
understood to represent the Iron industry; and (4) A black lozenge, which 
I can only suggest may have some allusion to a lump of coal. Burke in his 
"General Armory" plants inter alia on the long-suffering town of Stafford 
a coat which he blazons "the base vert, a castle triple-towered ppr. between 
four lions passant guardant or, in base a lion of the last." This is the coat 
which, on the " twopenny coloured " sheet of county arms frequently alluded 
to, appears in all its gorgeous colouring. Berry takes " from an entry in the 
Office of Arms in 1778 " the real coat of the town of Staftbrd, and gives that : 
but the County of Staffordshire is usually represented by the badge of the 
Stafford knot, as witness its appropriation by the North Staffordshire Railway. 

744 




SPECTACLE-MAKERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

STAFFORD (Staffordshire). Gules, a quadrangular castle in perspective, the 
four towers domed argent, and each surmounted by a pennon or, between, 
in chief, two Stafford knots, and in base a hon passant guardant of the last. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. 

Burke quotes two coats as follows : — " Stafford, Town of (Co. Stafford). — 
Or, on a chief gu. a serpent nowed of the first. Another Coat — The base vert, 
a castle triple-towered ppr. betw. four lions pass, guard or, in base a lion of the 
last." Though one cannot help fancying a "serpent nowed" is much like 
a " Stafford Knot." Berry contents himself with the latter. Perhaps, owing 
to the fact that so many versions are quoted, the Town-Clerk's stationery has 
no arms upon it, simply exhibiting a copy of the seal. The legend is "Sigillum 
communitatis villje Staffordiae," and represents in base water, and therein 
a fish naiant. Upon the water is a castle triple-towered, between four lions 
passant guardant, and on either side a (fleur-de-lis?) in fesse. 

STAFFORD'S INN (Office of the King's Remembrancer of the Exchequer). 

Or, a chevron gules, a bordure gobony argent and azure, a canton ermine. 
[Of no authority.] 

STALYBRIDGE (Cheshire). Argent, a chevron engrailed gules, between two 
crosses pointed voided in chief sable, and a mullet in base also sable, and 
pierced of the field, with two flanches azure, each charged with a cinquefoil 
of the field. Crest — A garb or, in front thereof a wolf statant argent. Motto — 
" Absque labore nihil." 

Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms ; L. Pulman, Esq., Clarenceux King of Arms ; Robert Laurie, Esq., Norroy 
King of Arms, iSth June 1857. 

STAMFORD (Lincolnshire). Party per pale, the dexter side gules, three lions 
passant guardant in pale or and the sinister cliequy or and azure. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

Upon the seal and upon the Corporation notepaper two "somethings" 
appear in the position usually appropriated in an achievement to supporters ; 
but they be neither "fish, flesh, fowl, nor good red herring," nor could they 
answer to any known form of an " heraldic beast." 

STAPLE INN. Vert, a woolpack argent, corded of the last. 
[Of no authorit)'.] 



m 



STAPLE MERCHANTS OF LONDON. (Incorporated by Edward III., 
whose reign they held their staple for Wool at Calais, from whence it was 
removed to England in the year 13S9.) Barr}' nebuly of si.x argent and azure, 
on a chief gules, a lion passant guardant or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, 
a ram argent, armed and unguled or. Supporters — Two rams argent, armed and 
unguled or. Motto — " God be our friend." 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

746 




STAFFORD 




STALYBRIDGE 





STAMFORD 



STAPLE INN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

STARCH MAKERS' COMPANY (London). (Incorporated 13th May 1622.) 
Azure, two garbs in saltire vert, on a cliief or, a lion passant guardant gules. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a woman's head and breast proper, vested 
gules, her hair or, all within a chaplet of ears of wheat proper. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a figure representing Vulcan, on his head a cap gules, habited in a 
short jacket proper, sleeves gules, and breeches, stockings azure, shoes sable, 
in his dexter hand a hammer erect azure ; (sinister) a female figure representing 
Plenty, cloaked azure, vested carnation, in her sinister hand a cornucopia, out 
of which and round her temples ears of wheat all or. 
[Granted by Borough, Garter, 1639.] 

STATIONERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 1556.) 
Azure, on a chevron or, between three books lying fesseways garnished, leaved 
and clasped of the second (clasps downwards), an eagle rising gules, crowned 
with a diadem or between two roses of the last, seeded or, barbed vert, in chief, 
issuant out of a cloud of sunbeams gold, a Holy Spirit, the wings displayed 
silver with a diadem gold. Motto — " Verbum Domini manet in aeternum." 

[Granted by Dethick, Garter King of Arms, 1557.] 

[The eagle in the arms is sometimes represented as a dove. Two crests 
and supporters, which are not recorded in the College of Arms, are attributed to 
the Company, viz. : i. An eagle proper rising within a nimbus or, holding a 
penner and inkhorn sable. 2. A Bible open proper, clasped and garnished or. 
Supporters — Two angels proper, vested argent, each blowing a trumpet or.] 

STATIONERS (Dublin). Refer to Cutlers, Paynter-stayners and Stationers, 
Guild of 

STEPNEY, Borough of (London). Has no armorial bearings. The seal is not 
heraldic. 

STEPNEY, Bishop of As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

STETTIN (Prussia). Azure, a griffin's head erased gules, armed and beaked or. 

STEWARTON (Ayrshire). Has no arms. The seal has a representation of a 
Scottish bonnet charged with an escutcheon argent, charged with an shakefork 
sable. Below is the Motto — " Over fork over." 

STEWART'S COLLEGE (Edinburgh). Has no armorial bearings. The school 
is administered by the Company of Merchants of Edinburgh and some use is 
made of the arms of the Company. But ordinarily the arms in use are 
supposed to be those of the founder, Daniel Stewart of the Exchequer, a citizen 
of Edinburgh who died in 1814. These are : Quarterly i and4, or, a lion rampant 
within a double tressure gules ; 2 and 3 . . . three garbs. . . . Motto — " Never 
unprepared." There appears to be some doubt about the colours, but the 
second and third quarters are probably intended for azure, three garbs or. On 
the school caps, which are black, both garbs and lion are embroidered in red on 
black, which is probably only a representation in red outline. 

748 




STATIONERS, COMPANY OF 




STEWART'S COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

STIRLING, Council of the County of. Azure, on a saltire between two caltraps 
in chief and base, and as many spur-rowels in the flanks argent, a lion rampant 
gules armed and langued of the first. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, the 29th day of September 1890.] 

STIRLING (Stirlingshire). The entry in Lyon Register is as follow : — " The 
Royall Burgh of Striveling bears. Azure, on a mound, or basement, a castle 
triple-towered without windows argent, masoned sable, the gate closed gules, 
surrounded with four oak-trees disposed in orle of the second, the interestices 
of the field being sem^e of stars of six rays of the last. All surrounded with 
this Inscription, Continet hoc in se Nemus et Castrum Strivelinse. (Signed) 
James Lorimer, Interim Lyon Clerk. 

" Lyon Office, Edinburgh, 25th April 1849 — There was presented, of this 
date, a distinct Impression of the Common Seal of the Royal Burgh of Stirling, 
from which the above Arms have now been herein recorded." 

STIRLING, HIGH SCHOOL OF. Argent, on a mount in base the figure of 
Queen Margaret, richly habited and crowned, bearing in her right hand a sceptre 
and in her left a book, all proper, between two trees of knowledge vert, fructed 
or, and at her feet a wolf couchant guardant also proper, and in an escrol over 
the shield this A/otto— " Tempori parendum." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

STOCKBRIDGE (Hampshire). Has no armorial bearings, but the following are 
quoted in Burke's " General Armory " : — " Gu., three lions pass, in pale per 
pale or and an," whilst Berry gives, " Gu. three lions pass, guardant in 
pale ar." 

STOCK-FISHMONGERS' COMPANY. Refer to Fishmongers' Company. 



750 








STIRLING, COUNCIL OF THE COUNTY OF 



STIRLING 





STIRLING, HIGH SCHOOL OF 



STOCKBRIDGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
STOCKHOLM (Sweden). Azure, the bust of . . . crowned and vested proper. 

STOCKPORT (Cheshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those used, however, and 
which are given in Debrett's " House of Commons," are those which appear 
to have belonged to the ancient family of Stopford, Stopfort, or Stockport, 
Barons of Stockport, namely, " Azure, three lozenges, two and one, between 
nine cross crosslets or," or, as sometimes quoted, " Azure, crusuly, three 
lozenges or." Debrett's " House of Commons " adds, presumably by way of 
ornament, for no other reason is apparent, on the dexter side the head and 
forepart of a lion issuing from behind the escutcheon, and as a sinister supporter 
the figure of Britannia. At the base is the Union badge of the rose, thistle, and 
shamrock, and above an escroll bearing the words " Corporate Reform, Jan. 
1838," and surmounting all a mural coronet. What special claim Stockport may 
have for appropriating the national emblems the editor would be glad to know, 
and he would suggest a reform in the arms as well as in the corporation. 

STOCKTON-ON-TEES (Durham). Has no armorial bearings. A castle in front 
of and charged upon the stem of an anchor cabled is used as a kind of badge, 
and sometimes painted sable upon an argent field is displayed as a coat-of-arms. 
The motto used is " Fortitudo et spes." The badge and motto appear upon the 
corporation seal with the legend " Sig. Corp. de Stockton sup. Tisam. in. Com. 
pal. Dunelm"; but upon the seal the anchor is not cabled. 

STOKE NEWINGTON, Borough of (London). Has no arms. The borough 
seal shows an appalling arrangement. The shield is divided per fesse, the chief 
showing a landscape view of a church. The base is divided per pale on the 
dexter side, the arms impaled of the cities of London and Westminster, and the 
sinister side shows the supposed, but discarded, arms of Middlesex, Gules, three 
seaxes fesseways in pale. Crest — A tree. Motto — " Respice prospice." 

STOKE-UPON-TRENT (Staffordshire). Argent, a cross gules, fretty or, between 
in the first quarter a representation of the Portland vase ; in the second a camel 
kneeling proper, charged on the body with an escutcheon argent, thereon a cross 
gules ; in the third an eagle displayed sable ; and in the fourth a scythe also 
proper, on a chief of the second a boar's head erased between two Stafford 
knots of the third. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a potter of ancient 
Egypt at his wheel argent. Motto — " Vis unita fortior." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 20th March 191 2. This grant was made to the 
amalgamated borough.] 



752 





STOCKPORT 



STOCKHOLM 




STOCKTON-ON-TEES 




STOKE-UPON-TRENT 



3B 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

STONEHAVEN (Co. Kincardine). Has no arms. The seal Aows what is in- 
tended for the arms, crest, supporters, and motto of the Earls Marischal, but 
what actually is on the seal is, Azure, a chief paly of six or and argent. Crest — 
Issuant from a coronet a stag's head. Supporters — Two stags. Motto — "Veritas 
vincit." 

STONYHURST COLLEGE (Nr. Blackburn, Lancashire). Argent, a lion 
rampant guardant vert. Motto — " Quant je puis." 
[Of no authority.] 

STORMARN. Refer to Denmark. 

STORNOWAY (Island of Lewis). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are: 
Parted per pairle reversed dexter a fishing-boat at sea ; sinister, three fishes 
naiant fesseways in pale, in base upon a rock a representation of a castle, all 
proper. Crest — Two dexter hands in fesse couped above the wrist, grasping each 
other proper. Motto — " God's providence is my inheritance." 

STORNOWAY, Incorporated Trades of. Ten coats, 3, 3, 3, and i in base, viz. : 
(i) azure, a hammer in pale and in chief a crown both proper, for the smiths ; 
(2) azure, a pair of scissors expanded in saltire, their points in chief argent, for 
the tailors; (3) azure, a leopard's head affront^e proper, holding a shuttle in his 
mouth argent for the weavers ; (4) azure, a ship ready to be launched proper, 
ensigned with the colours of Scotland for the ship carpenters ; (5) azure, a 
Wright's square and a pair of compasses, their legs interlaced proper for the 
Wright's ; (6) azure an axe and adze in saltire proper for the coopers ; (7) azure, 
a cutting knife erected, and in chief a coronet proper for the shoemakers ; 
(8) azure a mason's square and a pair of compasses, their legs interlaced argent, 
for the masons; (9) azure, a pair of large dressing-scissors, their points in chief 
a little expanded argent for the dyers and dressers ; (10) azure, a heckle argent 
for the hecklers. Ciest — Two dexter hands in fesse couped above the wrist 
grasping each the other proper. Motto— {Above, the crest) " Grace, Peace and 
Unity " ; (below the shield) " God's Providence is our inheritance." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 29th August 1772.] 

STRABANE (Co. Tyrone). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Oiifice. 
Those in use are " Argent, on water proper a man sculling in an open boat, in 
chief a triple-tower all proper." Motto — "Concordia crescit." 



754 




STONEHAVEN 




Pr^ 






STRABANE 



STONYHURST COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS, The Colony of the. Quarterly, the first quarter 
gules, issuant from the base a tower proper, on the battlements thereof a lion 
passant guardant or; the second quarter argent, on a mount an areca nut palm 
tree proper; the third quarter also argent a sprig of the oil tree kruing proper ; 
the fourth quarter azure in base on waves of the sea in front of a representation 
of the sun rising behind a mountain, a sailing yacht in full sail to the sinister, 
all proper. Crest — A demi-lion rampant guardant supporting in the paws a 
staff proper, thereon flying to the sinister a banner azure, charged with three 
imperial crowns or. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 25th March 191 1.] 

A curious coat-of-arms was formerly in general use for the Colon)', viz., 
" Gules, on a pall reversed argent, three imperial crowns one and two or." This 
device upon a lozenge fesseways is published by the Admiralty as the device 
for use by the Governor upon the Union flag. 

STRAND INN. Refer to Chester Inn. 

STRANRAER (Wigtonshire). "The Royall Burgh of Stranrawer gives Argent, 
in the sea proper a ship with three masts ryding at anchor sable. The Motto — 
"Tutissima statio." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register.] 

STRASSBURG (Germany). Or, a bend gules. 

STRASSBURG, Bishopric of. Quarterly, i and 4, gules, a bend argent (for 
StrasburgJ, 2 and 3, gules, a bend argent with leaves issuing from each side of 
the last (for Alsace). 



756 




STRAITS SETTLEMENTS 




STRAITS SETTLEMENTS COLONY 





STRASSBURG 



STRANRAER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

STRATFORD-UPON-AVON (Warwickshire). ... A chevron between three 
leopards' faces. . . . 

Recorded in the College of Arms. No colours are given in the visitation 
books ; none are known, and none are used. 

STROUD INN. This is an ancient misprint for Strand Inn. Refer to Chester Inn. 

STUTTGART (Germany). Or, a horse rampant sable. 

STUTTGART LITERARY UNION. Per fesse or and azure, in chief a denii- 
mare issuant sable and in base a closed book gules. 

STYRIA. Refer to Austria. 

SUBURBS ABOUT LONDON. Refer to the " Newe Corporation of Freemen in 
the Suburbs about London." 

SUDBURY (Suffolk). Sable, a talbot sejant argent, on a chief gules, a lion 
passant guardant between two fleurs-de-lis or. Crest — On a wreath of the 
colours, a talbot's head erased or, between two ostrich feathers erect argent. 

Granted, 20th September 1576, by Cooke, Clarenceux King of Arms, the 
original grant (according to Berry) being still among the archives of Sudbury. 
Burke and Berry both quote the tablot's head as gules, but the records in the 
College of Arms all show it to be " or." 

SUFFOLK. Has no armorial bearings. The arms of Ipswich have frequently 
done duty for the county insignia. The seal of the County Council of \/est 
Suffolk shows the arms of King Edward the Confessor, namely (azure), a cross 
patonce between five martlets or, within the legend "West Suffolk County 
Council." That of East Suffolk represents a castle domed, and on each dome 
a pennon, and above the battlements upon a wreath is a lion rampant, the 
legend being " East Suffolk County Council." 

SUMMER ISLANDS. Refer to Bermudas. 

SUNDERLAND (Durham). Has no arms. In Debrett's "House of Commons," 
however, a certain design is given, evidently intended for an heraldic achieve- 
ment, namely, argent, a sextant (?) proper. Crest — A terrestrial globe. Motto 
— " Nil desperandum auspice Deo." 

SURGEONS, Royal College of Veterinary. Refer to Veterinary Surgeons. 

SURGEONS. Refer to Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. 

SURGEONS' COMPANY. Refer to Barbers' Company. They were dismissed 
from the Barbers' Company and incorporated by Act of Parliament, 1745. Refer 
to Surgeons, Royal College of 



758 





STRATFO RD-UPON-AVO N 



STUTTGART 





SUDBURY 



SUNDERLAND 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SURGEONS, THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF, of the City of Edinburgh. Azure, 
a human body fessways betwixt a dexter hand, having an eye on the palm issuing 
out of a cloud downward in chief, and in base a castle situated on a rock, all 
proper, within a bordure or, charged with several instruments indicative of the art 
also proper ; on a canton of the first, a St Andrew's cross argent, charged with 
a thistle proper, and in chief of the canton an imperial crown or. Mantling — 
Azure doubled or. Crest — The sun dissipating a cloud all proper, and in an 
escrol above the same this Motto — " Hinc sanitas," and on a compartment below 
the shield are placed for supporters, on the dexter side yEsculapius vested argent, 
mantled azure, crowned with laurel, holding in his right hand a baton reaching 
down to his foot, wreathed about by a serpent proper, armed gules, and on the 
sinister side Hippocrates vested as the other with a mantle gules, on his head a 
bonnet sable, holding in his left hand a book expanded proper. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, c. 1672-7, and again June 11, 1897. The 
arms are to all intents and purposes the same as matriculated c. 1672-7 (see 
above), but the wording of the blazon varies slightly, the earlier blazon being: — 

" Azure, a man (human body) fesseways between a dexter hand, having an 
eye on the palm issuing out of a cloud downward in chief and in base a castle 
situated on a rock all proper, within a bordure or, charged with several instru- 
ments indicative of the art also proper, on a canton of the first a St Andrew cross 
argent, charged with a thistle proper, and in chief of the canton an imperial 
crown of the third.] 

The arms for the Surgeons engraved on the badge of the Deacon Convener 
[refer sub Edinburgh] are as above but the body is placed on a fesse argent. 

SURGEONS, Royal College of (London). Quarterly or and argent, a cross gules 
(being that of St George), thereon the imperial crown proper between two anchors 
erect in pale and two portcullises in fesse of the first, in the 1st and 4th quarters 
a serpent nowed, and in the 2nd and 3rd a lion couchant guardant proper, on a chief 
of the third a lion passant guardant of the first, being part of the Royal Arms of 
England. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an eagle reguardant imperially 
crowned proper, the dexter claw supporting a mace erect gold. Supporters — 
On the dexter side a figure representing Machaon, habited in a robe, holding in 
the exterior hand a dart broken, the point downwards all proper ; on the sinister, 
a figure representing Podalirius, habited as the dexter, in his exterior hand a 
staff entwined by a serpent, all proper. Motto — "Quae prosunt omnibus artes" 
[augmented by royal grant and sign manual, dated 17th September 1S22. Gts., 
xxxii. 302]. 



760 




SURGEONS, ROYAL COLLEGE OF (IRELAND) 




OLlO ) 



SUSSEX, COUNTY COUNCIL OF WEST 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SUSSEX. Refer to Sidney and Sussex College. 

SUTHERLANDSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. 

SUTTON COLDFIELD (Warwickshire). Has no armorial bearings. The 
seal represents a double heraldic rose within the legend, " Sigill. gardiani et 
societatis de Sutton Colefyld." 

SUTTON'S HOSPITAL or CHARTER HOUSE. Refer to Charter House. 

SWABIA. Or, three lions passant guardant in pale sable. 

SWANSEA, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

SWANSEA (Glamorganshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use represent 
an embattled gateway, and from each tower a flagstaff, thereon a banner, that 
on the dexter charged with a lion rampant, and that on the sinister with an 
eagle displayed. Upon an inescutcheon in the centre chief point a bird 
regardant, with wings displayed and inverted, holding in the beak a fish or 
scroll of paper. No colours are ascertainable, and sometimes the inescutcheon 
alone is made use of The seal of the corporation represents a portcullis chained 
within the legend, " The Scale of the Corporation of Swansey." 

SWAZILAND is included in the Transvaal and has no separate arms. 

SWEDEN, Kingdom of The shield is divided into four quarters by a cross 
patee throughout or, between i and 4 azure, three open crowns or (Sweden), 2 
and 3 azure, three bends sinister wavy or, over all a lion rampant queue 
fourche gules, crowned with an open crown (Gothland), over all the personal 
arms of the king, viz., Vasa impaling Pontecorvo, viz., tierced in bend azure, 
argent, and gules, over all a sheaf or (for Vasa), azure in chief the eagle of the 
French Empire or, in base a bridge of three arches towered and passing over a 
river all argent. Siipporters — Two lions regardant queue-fourche gules, crowned 
with the imperial crown. 

For many purposes the arms of Sweden alone are made use of Before the 
separation of Sweden and Norway the shield was divided into three parts by a 
golden pairle patee throughout, i (in chief) Sweden, 2 Norway, 3 Gothland, and 
over all the personal arms of the king as above. 



764 




SWABIA 




SWANSEA 




SWEDEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SWINDON, Borough of (Wilts). Quarterly per fesse nebuly azure and gules, a pile 
argent, thereon three crescents of the second in the first quarter ; three castles 
one and two of the third in the second ; a mitre or in the third : and a wineed 
wheel of the last in the fourth ; a chief also of the third, thereon a locomotive 
engine proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dexter arm embowed 
proper, grasping two hammers in saltire or. Mottc — " Salubritas et industria." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 23rd September 1901.] 

SWITZERLAND. Gules, a cross couped argent. 

SYDNEY (New South Wales). Per fesse or and azure, a three-masted ship in full 
sail argent, on a chief between the arms of Townshend (viz., Azure, a chevron 
ermine between three escallops argent, and a crescent or for difference) and the 
arms of Hughes (viz., Gules a chevron between three lions rampant or, on a chief 
arched argent two roses of the field, a crescent or for difference), a pale argent 
charged with a cross gules, thereon a globe proper between two estoiles of the 
first in pale. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an anchor erect ensigned by a 
mullet of six points gules and enfiied by a civic crown or. Sjtpporters — (Dexter) 
an aboriginal of Australia holding in the exterior hand a native spear, (sinister) 
a sailor of the eighteenth century armed with a cutlass and a brace of pistols in 
his belt, holding in his exterior hand a boat hook all proper. Motto—" I take 
but I surrender." Badge — A mullet of six points gules ensigned by a civic 
crown or. 

[Arms and crest granted by Sir Alfred S. Scott-Gatty, C.V.O., Garter ; 
G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux, and William H. Weldon, C.V.O. Norroy ; and 
supporters granted by Sir A. S. Scott-Gatty, Garter, by patents dated 30th July 
1908. Patents printed in extenso, Government Gazette, No. 150, 30th December 
1908. Badge granted, College of Arms, November 2, 1909.] 



766 





SWITZERLAND 



SWINDON 




SYDNEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

SYDNEY, See of (Australia). Azure, four stars of eight points in cross argent, 
intended to represent the Crux Australis, or principal constellation of the 
southern hemisphere. 
[Of no authority.] 

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY. Refer to University of Sydney. 

TAILORS. Refer to Taylors and to Merchant Taylors, and see Stornoway, 
Incorporated Trades of 

TAILORS, The Craft and Incorporation of ("Aberdeen). Quarterly, i, gules, a 
tower triple towered argent, 2 azure, a pair of shizers (scissors) or, 3 argent, a 
smoothing-iron azure, 4 gules, a tailor's bodkin or boring iron proper, hafted or. 
Motto — " In God is our trust." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, [5th May 1682.] 

TAILORS, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Azure, a pair of scissors e>{panded 
in saltire, their points in chief or. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register ; refer sub Edinburgh.] 

TAIN (Ross and Cromarty). The entry in Lyon Register is as follows: — "The 
Royall Burgh of Tayne gives for Ensignes Armoriall, Gules, Saint Duthacus in 
long garments argent, holding in his dexter hand a staff garnished with ivie ; 
in the sinister, laid on his brest, a book expanded proper." 

TALLOW-CHANDLERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incor- 
porated 8th March 1462.) Per fesse azure and argent, a pale counterchanged, 
three doves of the last, each holding in the beak an olive branch vert, fructed or, 
beaked and membered gules. Crests — i. On a wreath of the colours, a demi- 
angel affrontee issuing from clouds proper, vested azure, cuffed, collared and 
wings expanded or, crined of the last, holding in the sinister hand a dish or, 
therein the head of St John the Baptist proper, couped gules ; 2, on a wreath 
of the colours, a dish argent, glorified or, therein the head of St John the 
Baptist decollated proper. Supporters — Two angels proper, vested gold, crined 
and ducally crowned or, the coronet surmounted with an etoile of the last, each 
standing on a mound vert. Motto — " Ecce agnus Dei, qui tollit peccata Mundi," 
or " Quae arguunter a Lumine manifestaiitur." 

[Granted by John Smert, Garter, 24th September 1456; grant printed 
"Memorial Catalogue Edinburgh Heraldic Exhibition"; arms confirmed, and 
supporters and second crest granted, 29th January 1602. The second crest was 
intended to supersede the first.] 

TAMWORTH (Staffordshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which is of 
most exquisite workmanship, represents a fleur-de-lis, diapered all over with a 
minute floral design, within the legend " Sig. burgi de Tamworth in comitat. 
Warwic. et Staf " Engraven round the edge of the seal, " Ex dono Thomae 
Thynne de maneris de Drayton, Armigeri, anno Dom. 1679." 

768 





SYDNEY, SEE OF 



TALLOW-CHANDLERS, COMPANY OF 





TAILORS (EDINBURGH) 



TAIN 



3C 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TANGERMUNDE. Argent, the eagle of Brandenburg displayed gules, armed 
or, each wing charged with a rose of the field. 

TASMANIA (Commonwealth of Australia). No warrant assigning arms has as 
yet been issued to the state of Tasmania, but the arms " argent, a lion passant 
gules," are in general use ; but refer to Australia. 

These arms are used by the Governor upon the Union flag. 

TASMANIA, See of (Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island). Azure, a crosier 
in bend dexter, surmounting a key in bend sinister or between four stars of 
eight points argent, the stars as representing the principal constellation of the 
southern hemisphere, called the Crux Australis. 
[Granted College of Arms. Gts., xlvi. 150.] 

TAUNTON (Somersetshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
castle or abbey, and below a fleur-de-lis between two peacocks respecting each 
other, within the legend, "Sigillum commune burgi Tantonie." Another seal 
represents a regal crown, surmounted by a cherub with wings expanded, and 
under the crown upon an escroll the word " Defendamus." The legend being 
" Sigillum burgi de Taunton." 

TAURIA. Refer to Russia. 

TAVISTOCK (Devonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following are given 
in Burke's "General Armory": — "Per pale gules and azure, a fleece, round the 
body a collar and ring, in chief a lion passant guardant between two fleurs-de-lis, 
all or." See illustration. In Debrett's "House of Commons" the arms of 
Tavistock are shown differently, " Per pale gules and azure a fleece, in the 
dexter chief a lion passant, and in the sinister chief a fleur-de-lis, all or." 

TAYLORS (Edinburgh). Refer to Tailors. 

TAYLORS AND LINEN ARMOURERS' COMPANY. This is the original 
name of the Merchant Taylors' Company, to which refer. 

TAYLORS COMPANY (Exeter). Used the same arms as the Merchant Taylors' 
Company of London. 3foUo— (Sometimes) " Concordia parvet res crescunt," 
(sometimes) " Discordia maxima dilabuntur." 

TAYLORS' COMPANY (Chester). Argent, a tent between two pieces of scarlet 
cloth, on a chief azure, a holy lamb couchant argent, on a bible gules, garnished 
or. 

[Of no authority.] 



770 





TANGERMUNDE 



TASMANIA 





TAVISTOCK 



TASMANIA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TAYLORS, Corporation of (Dublin). (Incorporated May 20, 141 7.) Argent, a 
tent between two maunches gules, on a chief azure, a lamb passant of the first 
between two "bizants." Crest — On a wreath of the colours, St John the 
Baptist's head proper in a charger or. Supporters — Two camels proper "bizanted." 
Motto — " Nudus et operuistus me." 

[Granted by Sir Richard Carney, Ulster, July 16, 1684. Original grant is 
now exhibited in Ulster's Office.] 

TAYLORS, Company of Drapers and (Durham). Refer to Drapers. 

TAYPORT. Has no arms and its seal is not heraldic. 

^TECHNICAL COLLEGE, Royal. Refer to Glasgow. 

TEES VALLEY WATER BOARD. Sable, a cross argent, surmounted by 
another invected gules, in the first and second quarters a lion passant guardant 
of the second, on a chief or, a water-bouget azure between two fountains proper. 
Motto — " Coilectos spargere fontes." 

[Granted, College of Arms, February 3, 1900.] 

TEIGNMOUTH. Has no arms. Those in use are " Argent, a saltire engrailed gules, 
between four fleurs-de-lis, each pointing outwards (either azure or gules). This 
is the device upon the seal placed upon an escutcheon. 

TEMPLE, THE. Refer to Inner Temple, Middle Temple. 

TEMPLE-HOSPITAL (London). Gules, a cross argent. 

TENBY (Pembrokeshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
building of some kind, and above is an escutcheon, the chief barry of four 
charged with three martlets, two and one, and in base a like number of 
cinquefoils, also two and one, with the legend " Sigillum comune burgensium 
ville tenebie." Appended is a copy of a letter which I have received from the 
Town-Clerk in relation to the matter. 

" As requested, I send herewith impression from the Tenby Borough Seal, 
also a sketch of the original Seal, which has been lost for some years. The 
small Brass Common Seal of the Borough (. . .) has also been missing for some 
years, so that the only Seal now in use is the Mayor's Seal, and a smaller size 
of same for small documents." 

TENTERDEN (Kent). Gules, in base waves of the sea proper, and thereon a 
ship of three masts or, the sail on the fore-mast furled, the main-sail set, and 
bearing the arms of Sandwich, namely, party per pale gules and azure, three 
demi-lions passant guardant or, conjoined to as many hulks of ships argent, the 
mizzen charged with the arms, argent, on a bend sable between four lions' 
heads erased gules, three mullets or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

772 




TEES VALLEY WATER BOARD 





TEIGNMOUTH 



TENTERDEN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TESCHEN, DUCHY OF. Azure, an eagle displayed, crowned or. 

TESSIN (Switzerland). Per pale gules and azure. 

TEWKESBURY (Gloucestershire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents a castle, with the legend, "Comune sigillum Ballivor burgens et coiat 
burgi de Tewkesbury." 

THAVIES INN (London). Azure, two garbs in saltire or, on a chief sable a Text 
"T" argent {another). Argent, on a bend gules, two garbs or, on a chief sable, 
the letter " T " of the first. 
[Of no authority.] 

THAXTED (Essex). Gules, two swords in saltire argent, in chief a rose of the 
last within a fetterlock or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

THETFORD, Bishop of As a Suffragan he has no official arms.. 

THETFORD (Norfolk). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a 
quadrangular castle embattled and surmounted with a tower, and from this a 
flag. From each of the outer towers issues a demi-man, that on the dexter 
side holding a sword, and that on the sinister blowing a horn, all proper. 

THIRSKE (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

THOMPSON COLLEGE. Argent, a chevron between three croziers gules. 
[Of no authority.] 

THORNABY-ON-TEES (Yorkshire). Barry of twelve gules and argent, on a 
pale ermine, a lion rampant azure, a chief engrailed of the second, thereon three 
torteaux. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of two 
anchors in saltire or, the stern of a ship with a rudder proper. Motto — " Always 
advancing." 

[Granted, College of Arms. 23rd January 1S93.] 

THURGAU (Switzerland). Per bend argent and vert, two lions rampant or. 

THURSO (Caithness). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents the figure 
of St Peter holding the keys in his right hand, and a patriarchal staff in his 
left. The legend is " Sigillum burgi de Thurso in Caitnes." 



774 




TESCHEN 




THAXTED 




THOMPSON COLLEGE 




|flLWAYS-ADVANCINq|H= 1 




l^l-ijl:  



THORNABY-ON-TEES 



TH?: BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TIFLIS (Russia). Or, on a cross sable, between four lions' heads erased gules, a 
Russian cross botonny and with double arms, grasped by two naked arms, the 
cross charged in base with a crescent reversed of the last. 
[Granted, 5th July 1S78.] 

TILERS COMPANY. Refer to Tylers and Bricklayers. 

TILERS COMPANY (Tours, France). Azure, a tower with a pointed roof argent, 
thereon a flag o 
a trowel arsjent. 



thereon a flag or between on the dexter side a ladder argent and on the sinister 



TILERS COMPANY (Rochelle, France). Sable, a fesse between two trowels in 
chief, and a pick in base argent. 

TILERS' COMPANY (Paris). Azure, a ladder in pale or between two trowels in 
fesse argent, the handles or. 

TILLICOULTRY. Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are. Quarterly : 
I argent, a fleece proper ; 2 argent, an eagle displayed sable, within a bordure, 

charged with eight (?) ; 3 azure, three crescents within a bordure ; 

4 argent, on a bend azure, between two mullets of the second, a crescent of 
the first. Motto — " Lahore et virtute." 
[Of no authority.] 

TINPLATE WORKERS, alias 'WIRE WORKERS, The Worshipful Company 
of, London. (Incorporated 29th December 1670.) Sable, a chevron or 
between three butchers' lamps (the two in chief with one burner, each facing 
each other, the lamp in base with two burners, argent, garnished or. Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours, a globular light-ship lantern ensigned with a Royal 
Crown all proper. Supporters — Two tinplate workers proper, vested in blue 
coats with red cuffs, lined with fur, blue breeches, red waistcoat, white stockings, 
black shoes and silver buckles, and on the head a fur cap. Motto — " Amore sitis 
uniti" or " Unite in love." 
[Of no authority.] 

TIPPERARY, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

TIPPERARY (Co. Tipperiary). Has no armorial bearings. 

TIVERTON (Devonshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which shows a 
most curious designing, exhibits the castle, church, and town of Tiverton with 
Lowman's and Exe bridges, and beneath a woolpack. Berry to his description 
adds the almost needless remark : " The whole seems to be an invention of 
some engraver." The legend is " Sigillum oppidi de Tyverton." 



776 




TIFLIS 




TINPLATE WORKERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TOBACCO PIPE MAKERS' COMPANY, London. (Incorporated 29th April 
1663.) Or, on a mount vert, three plants of tobacco growing and flowering all 
proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a demi-Moor proper, rings in the 
ears or, in his dexter hand a tobacco pipe argent, in the sinister a roll of 
tobacco, proper. Supporters — Two young Moors proper wreathed about the 
loins with tobacco leaves vert. Motto — " Let brotherly love continue." Another 
motto — " Producat terra." 

[Granted, College of Arms.] 

TOBAGO. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Tobago. 

TOBERMORY (Argyllshire). Has no arms. Those in use are. Quarterly : i gules, 
a figure of the Virgin Mary ; 2 argent, a dolphin issuing from waves of the sea 
and spouting water ; 3 argent, on waves of the sea an ancient galley, sail 
furled ; 4 azure, a fish naiant. Motto — " Ceartas." 
[Of no authority.] 

TODMORDEN, Borough of (Lancashire). Or, on a fesse wavy azure, between a 
rose gules in chief and a rose argent in base, both barbed, seeded, and slipped 
proper, a shuttle in bend sinister of the first, and a spindle in bend of the fourth. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a mount vert, an obelisk proper. Motto 
— " By industry we prosper." 

[Granted, College of Arms, ist December 1896.] 

TOLEDO (Spain). Azure, a royal crown or, the cap gules. 

TONBRIDGE SCHOOL. Gules, a fesse raguly argent, between three boars' heads 
erased proper. Mottoes — " Deus dat incrementum "; "In Christo fratres." 
[Of no authority.] 

TONGA. No warrant has been issued assigning arms, but the Admiralty publish 
as "The Royal Standard" a flag quarterly, i. or, three five-pointed stars argent, 
2. gules, a crown argent, 3. azure, a dove volant holding in its beak an olive 
branch argent, 4. or, three clubs heads downwards, two in saltire surmounted by 
one in pale argent, in the centre of the quarters a six-pointed star argent, 
charged with a cross couped gules. 



778 




TOBERMORY 




TODMORDEN 





TOLEDO 



TONBRIDGE SCHOOL 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TORONTO (West Canada), See of. Azure, a crozier in bend dexter surmounted 
by a key in bend sinister or, between an imperial crown in chief, two open books 
in fesse proper, and a dove rising in base argent, holding in the beak an olive 
branch vert. 

[Recorded in College of Arms. Gts., xliv. 94.] 

TORQUAY (Devonshire). Ermine, three bendJets azure, a ship in full sail proper, 
colours flying gules, a chief wavy of the last, thereon a pale argent, charged 
with a castellated gateway on a mount proper, the vane of the fourth between 
two wings of the fifth. And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a 
rock a gull proper, supporting with the dexter leg an anchor erect sable, cabled 
or. Motto — " Salus et felicitas." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 28th May 1893.] 

TORRINGTON. See Great Torrington. 

TOTNES (Devonshire). Sable, a castle triple towered argent, between two keys 
erect, wards in chief of the last, the base water azure. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms, 1560.] 

TOULOUSE (France). Gules, on a mount issuing in base in front of a palm tree 
a paschal lamb proper between a tower on the de.xter side and a castle on the 
sinister, a chief azure, semee-de-lis or. 



780 





TORQUAY 



TORONTO, SEE OF 




TOTNES 




TOULOUSE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
TOURS (France). Gules, three towers argent, on a chief azure three fleurs-de-lis or. 

TRADE AND PLANTATIONS, Commissioners of. Sea/— On a sea, two three- 
masted vessels completely rigged and under full sail, in base ; on the sinister 
side an island, and thereon the emblematical figure of Britannia, holding 
upright in her right hand an olive branch, her left hand supporting a spear erect, 
surmounted with a cap of liberty, and her arm resting on a shield, charged with 
the union cross, and near it several bales of goods lying on the ground ; over all, 
the legend — " Trade and Plantations." 

TRADES HOUSE (Glasgow). Refer to Glasgow. 

TRADESMEN AND ARTIFICERS' SOCIETY. Refer to " Newe Corporation 
of P'reemen in the Suburbs about London." 

TRALEE (Co. Kerry). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 
The seal represents a castle, and above it a royal crown between the letters 
I and R. Below is the word " Traly." 

TRANENT (Co. Haddington). Has no arms and the device upon its seal of two 
escutcheons, one depicting a harvester, and the other a miner, can hardly be 
regarded as heraldic. 

TRANSVAAL (South Africa). No warrant assigning arms was issued to the 
Transvaal as a British Colony, but the device published by the Admiralty 
for use on the Union flag by the Governor is a landscape disc, thereon a lion 
couchant to the sinister, all proper. The arms of the defunct South African 
Republic were as follows : — 

" In front of a trophy of six flags, three on either side, each representing the 
'Vieurkleur' [three horizontal stripes, red, white, and blue, and next the staff a 
perpendicular stripe of green], an oval cartouche with gilt edges bearing the 
following design, per fesse and in chief per pale the dexter chief gules on a mount 
in base vert, a lion couchant to the sinister or ; the sinister chief azure, on a mount 
in base vert a pioneer holding in his hand a rifle all proper ; the base vert, on a 
mount a covered wagon all proper, over all an inescutcheon argent charged 
with an anchor cabled proper. The cartouche is surmounted by an eagle 
perched thereon proper with expanded wings and issuing in saltire below the 
cartouche are two spades. MIotto — " Eendracht maakt magt." 

These arms are now defunct, but as indicative of the Transvaal the wagon 
survives in the arms recently assigned to the Union of South Africa, to which 
refer. 

TRANSVAAL, Province of the (Union of South Africa). Vert, a trek-wagon 
argent. 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 4th May 191 1.] 

TRANSYLVANIA. Refer to Austria. 

782 




TOURS 




TRANSVAAL, PROVINCE OF THE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TRAVANCORE, See of (India). Azure, a saltire or, over all an Indian 
spear paleways, the blade argent beneath an Eastern crown of the last. 
[Of no authority.] 

TREASURER, ARCH-, HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Refer to Arch-Treasurer. 

TREGONY (Cornwall). Burke in his "General Armory" gives "... a pome- 
granate slipped and leaved. . . . Crest — A Cornish chough's head and neck 
erased sable, holding in the beak a chaplet ermine and sable." 

The arms are informally recorded in the College of Arms, but no colours 
are marked and no crest is given. 

TREVES, Archbishop of. Argent, a cross gules. 

TRIENT, Principality of. Argent, an eagle displayed sable, beaked and membered 
or, its breast traversed by a pastoral staff in fess of the last. 



784 





TRAVANCORE. SEE OP 



TREGONY 





TRIENT 



TREVES, ARCHBISHOP OF 



3D 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TRIESTE (Hungary). Gules, a fesse argent, over all the head of a sceptre 
terminating in a fleur-de-lis or, on a chief of the last a double-headed eagle 
displayed sable, crowned gold. 

TRIM (Co. Meath). Has no armorial bearings. But in Lewis's " Topographical 
Dictionary" the following design is given : 'Upon a mount inscribed 'Trim^ 
double tower, and from the upper battlements a demi-man issuant blowing 
a horn." 

TRINIDAD. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to Trinidad. 

TRINIDAD, See of. A device composed of a long cross flory incorporated 
with the ancient triangular symbol and legend of the Trinity, in base the letters 
A and Q. 

[Of no authority.] 

TRINITY COLLEGE (Cambridge). (Founded by Henry VIII., 1546.) Argent, a 

chevron between three roses gules, barbed vert, seeded or, on a chief of the 

second a lion passant guardant between two Bibles paleways or, clasped and 

garnished of the last, the clasps to the dexter. Mo/fo — " Virtus vera nobilitas." 

[Recorded in College of Arms. | 

TRINITY COLLEGE (Dublin). (Founded by Queen Elizabeth.) Azure, a Bible 
closed, clasps to the dexter or, bcUvecn in chief on the dexter a lion passant 
guardant, on the sinister a harp both of the last, and in base a castle with two 
towers domed, each surmounted by a flag flotant to the sides of the shield 
argent. 

[Recorded in Ulster's Office, Dublin.] 

TRINITY COLLEGE (Glenalmond) Refer to Gienalmond. 



786 




TRIESTE (HUNGARY) 




TRINIDAD, SEE OF 





TRINITY COLLEGE (CAMBRIDGE) 



TRINITY COLLEGE (DUBLIN) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TRINITY COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded by Sir Thomas Pope, Knt., of Titten- 
hanger, co. Hereford, Treasurer to the Court of Augmentation, etc., temp. 
Henry VIII.) Per pale or and azure, on a chevron between three griffins' heads 
erased four fleurs-de-lis, all counterchanged. Crest — Out of a ducal coronet per 
pale or and azure two griffins' heads addorsed counterchanged. 

[Of no authority. These arms were granted 26th June 1535, by Barker, to 
Sir Thomas Pope.] 

TRINITY COLLEGE OF MUSIC (London). Azure, a lyre or, on a chief of 
the last, three cherubs' heads winged of the first. Motto — " Gloria in Excelsis 
Deo." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 13th March 191 3, in substitution for "azure, a 
lyre or between three cherubs' heads proper, winged of the second," which had 
been granted 23rd May 191 2.] 

TRINITY GUILD. Refer to Merchants' Guild of Dublin. 

TRINITY HALL (Cambridge). (Founded by William Bateman, Bishop of 
Norwich, in 1351.) Sable, a crescent ermine, a border of the last. Crest— K 
lion sejant gules supporting with his dexter foot a book sable garnished or. 
[Recorded in College of Arms.] 

TRINITY HOUSE GUILD OF FRATERNITY. (Incorporated by Henry 
VIII., 20th May 1515.) Argent, a cross gules between four ships of three masts, 
each under full sail all proper, on each sail, pennant, and ensign a cross gules, 
and each quarter representing a sea piece. Crest — On the wreath of the 
colours, a demi-lion rampant guardant and regally crowned or, holding in 
the dexter paw a sword erect argent, hiked and pomelled of the first. Motto 
— "Trinitas in unitate." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

TRISTAN D'ACUNHA. No warrant assigning arms has as yet been issued to 
Tristan d'Acunha. 

TROON. Has no arms, and its seal, which is not heraldic, shows the " Rocket," a 
lymphad, an anchor, bees and beehive, and the Motto — " Industria ditat." 



788 





TRINITY COLLEGE OF MUSIC 



TRINITY COLLEGE (OXFORD) 






4 Cr cn ctd5 ' £^ ^T3 L 1 5.te A 



TRINITY HALL (CAMBRIDGE) 



TRINITY HOUSE GUILD OF FRATERNITY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TROPPAU (Austria). Per pale, dexter or, a double-headed eagle displayed and 
dimidiated sable, crowned and with sachsen also or ; sinister gules, three bars 
dancetty argent. 

TRURO (Cornwall). Gules, a representation of an ancient ship of three masts 
under sail or, in the sea proper, and in base two fish naiant in pale, also proper. 
Supporters — On the dexter side, a miner, habited, and holding in the exterior 
hand a pick, handle downwards, all proper, and on the sinister side a fisherman 
habited and holding in the exterior hand a coil of rope, all proper. Motto — 
" Exultum cornu in Deo." 

The arms used upon the common seal were duly entered as appertaining 
to the borough of Truro in the visitations of Cornwall in the years 1573 and 
1620. On its elevation to a city, the supporters were granted 3rd November 
1877, by Sir Albert William Woods, Garter Principal King of Arms. 

The arms are quoted both by Burke and Berry as having the base barry 
wavy argent and azure, but in the painting issued with the grant of supporters 
the water is represented as proper. 

TRURO, See of. Argent on a saltire gules a key, wards upwards [and inwards], 
surmounted by a sword point downwards, saltierwise or, in base a fleur-de-lis 
sable, a bordure of the last charged with fifteen bezants. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 1877.] 



790 




TROPPAU 




TRURO, SEE OF 




TRURO 



THiE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TUAM (Co. Galway). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a Cross 
Calvary, which is sometimes taken as the arms. 

TUAM, See of. Azure three figures erect under as many canopies or stalls of 
Gothic work or, their faces, hands, and legs proper, in the middle the Blessed 
Virgin with a child in her arm.s, on the dexter side an archbishop in his 
pontificals, with his dexter hand giving benediction, with the sinister holding a 
crozier bendwise ; on the sinister side St John holding his dexter hand upwards, 
and in the sinister a lamb, each in proper vestments, all or, hands and feet 
proper, over each of their heads a piece of Gothic architecture of the second. 

[These arms, which are recorded in Ulster's Office, remain in use, but through 
the disestablishment of the Irish Church are really extinct and their present use 
is illegal.] 

TUAM, KILLALA, AND ACHONRY, Bishop of. According to Crockford only 
the arms of Tuam are made use of 

TUNBRIDGE WELLS (Kent). Gules, guttee d'eau, on a pile or, between 
two fountains in base, a lion rampant gules. Crest — A well proper, issuant 
therefrom a demi-lion gules, holding between the paws a fountain. Motto — 
" Do well, doubt not." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 19th July 1889.] 

TUNIS. Gules, a staff in pale surmounted by a crescent or, therefrom a banner 
vert, fimbriated and charged with a scymitar fesseways or. 

TUNSTALL (Staffordshire, now incorporated with Stoke-on-Trent). Has no 
armorial bearings, but the following were used ... on a chevron between in the 
sinister chief a soup-tureen and a vase in base, a SlafTord knot between two 
scythes on a canton . . . two furnaces. 
[Of no authority.] 

TURIN (Italy). Azure, a bull or. 



792 





TUAM, SEE OF 



TUNBRIDGE WELLS 





TURIN 



TUNIS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TURKEY. Gules, a mullet of five points within the horns of a decrescent, all 
argent. 

TURKEY MERCHANTS. Refer to Levant Merchants. 

TURKS' AND CAICOS ISLANDS. No warrant has been issued assigning arms 
to these islands. Though they have a separate administration they are in some 
ways annexed to Jamaica. The device issued by the Admiralty is a three- 
masted ship in full sail on the sea, in the foreground the seashore, etc. 

TURNERS, Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 2 James 1.) 
Azure, a Catherine-wheel between two columns or, in chief a regal crown 
proper, in base an axe argent, handled of the second, lying fesseways, the blade 
downwards. Cres^ — On a wreath of the colours, a female figure proper, repre- 
senting St Catherine, her hair dishevelled, her head within a circle of glory of 
the first and ducally crowned or, vested azure, lined with ermine, supporting 
with her dexter hand a Catherine-wheel of the second, in her sinister hand a 
sword, the point resting on the wreath argent, hilt and pomel or. Motto — " By 
Faith I obteigne " (or " obtain "). 

[Granted by Sir Richard St George, Clarenceux, 17th December 1634.] 

TURRIFF (Aberdeenshire). Has no arms, and its seal, which is not heraldic, has a 
representation of the Market Cross. Motto — " Serva jugum." 

TUSCANY. Or, five balls gules, two, two, one, in chief another of larger size azure, 
thereon three fleurs-de-lis of the field. 

TWICKENHAM, Urban District Council of. Argent, a pall vert, between in 
chief an antique lamp fired proper, on the dexter side two swords in saltire also 
proper, pomelled and hilted or, and on the sinister side three roses two and one 
gules. Crest — Upon waves of water, a swan holding in the beak an eel all 
proper. Motto — " Looking backward, looking forward." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 30th October 1913.] 



794 





TUSCANY 



TURKEY 





.aW 



^iiA'i 



TWICKENHAM 



TURNERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

TYLERS AND BRICKLAYERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. 
(Incorporated 3rd August 1568.) Azure, a chevron or, in chief a fleur-de-hs, 
argent, between two brick-axes palewise of the second, in base a brush of the 
last. Mantled — Gules and argent. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dexter 
arm embowed vested per pale or and azure, cuffed argent, holding in the hand 
proper a brick-axe or. Motto — " In God is all our trust." 
[Granted by Dethick Garter, 1569.] 

TYNEMOUTH (Northumberland). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use 
are as follows : — Gules, three ducal coronets two and one or. Crest — A three- 
masted ship with sails set, all proper. Supporters — On the dexter side a miner 
habited, and holding over his dexter shoulder a pick all proper, and on the 
sinister side a mariner habited all proper. Motto — " Messis ab altis." 

TYROL. Refer to Austria. 

TYRONE, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

TYRONE (Co. Tyrone). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office. 



796 




TYLERS AND BRICKLAYERS, COMPANY OF 




TYNEMOUTH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
UGANDA. No arms exist for Uganda. 

UGANDA, See of. Sable, a cross patee fitchee at the foot argent, on a chief wavy 
ermine, a tent between two fers-de-moline. 

[Of no authority. These arms were formeriy used for the See of Eastern 
Equatorial Africa.] 

ULSTER KING OF ARMS (Principal Herald of all Ireland). Or, a cross gules, 
on a chief of the last a lion passant guardant between on the dexter a harp and 
on the sinister a portcullis, all of the first. 

[These arms are borne alone, or impaled on the dexter side of the personal 
arms of Ulster. The escutcheon is surmounted by his official crown and placed 
upon two representations of his official staff in saltire.] 

ULSTER'S OFFICE. The arms are the same as the official coat of Ulster 
King of Arms. 

ULSTER, Province of (Ireland). Or, a cross gules, on an inescutcheon argent a 
dexter hand couped, also gules. Burke, in his " General Armory," adds a note 
— " There are two other Coats on record in Ulster's Office as the Arms of the 
Province, viz.. Or, a lion rampant double queued gules ; and Argent, a dexter 
hand couped gules." This is peculiar, for the Baronets of Ireland always carry 
a szm'sfer haitd ; but Sir Bernard Burke certainly quoted the Arms of Ulster 
as showing a dexter hand, and in the grant of arms to the Royal University of 
Ireland they are so quoted. 

UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA. Refer to South Africa. 

UNITED COMPANY OF MERCHANTS OF ENGLAND TRADING TO 
THE EAST INDIES. Refer to East India Company. 

UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. See Great 
Britain and Ireland. 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Refer to America. 



798 





ULSTER KING OF ARMS 



UGANDA, SEE OF 




ULSTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN. Has ensigns armorial, Quarterly first 
azure, a bough pot or, charged with three salmon fishes in fret proper, and 
containing as many lilies of the garden, the dexter in bud, the centre full blown, 
and the sinister half blown also proper, flowered argent, issuant from the 
middle chief amid rays of the sun, a dexter hand holding an open book likewise 
proper ; second argent, a chief paly of six or and gules ; third argent, a chevron 
sable between three boars' heads erased gules, armed of the field and langued 
azure ; fourth gules, a tower triple-towered argent, masoned, sable windows and 
port of the last. In an escroll below the shield is placed this Motto — " Initium 
sapientife timor Domini." 

Matriculated 26th day of September 1888. 

The grant (which is printed in " Notes and Queries," 7S. vii. 63) recites 
"that long prior to the passing of the Act 1672, c. 21, Ensigns Armorial 
were borne by the University and King's College of Aberdeen and by 
the Marischal College and University of Aberdeen, but that neither Ensigns 
Armorial were matriculated ; that the said two Universities and Colleges 
of Aberdeen were united into one University called the University of 
Aberdeen," etc. The pot of lilies charged with three fishes are sometimes 
spoken of as the old arms of Aberdeen ; the second quarter are the arms of 
Keith, Earl Marischal, the third quarter are the arms of Elphinstone, which 
family now represents the Keith family ; and the fourth quarter is probably 
taken from the arms of the city, to which refer. 

UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST, THE QUEEN'S. Per saltire azure and argent, 
on a saltire gules, between in chief an open book, and in base a harp both 
proper, in dexter a hand couped of the third, and in the sinister, a seahorse 
gorged with a mural crown of the fourth, an Imperial crown of the last. 

[Granted by Capt. N. R. Wilkinson, Ulster King of Arms, March 24, 1910.] 

UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM. Per chevron the chief per pale gules and 
azure, in dexter a lion rampant with two heads, in sinister a mermaid holding in 
the dexter hand a mirror, and in the sinister a comb or, the base sable, charged 
with an open book proper with two buckles and straps and edges of the third 
inscribed, " Per ardua ad alta." 

[Granted 27th August 1900.] 

These arms are based upon the arms and crest formerly used by Sir Josiah 
Mason, the founder of Mason's College, now extended into the University of 
Birmingham. 

UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY. Gules, a lion passant guardant, crowned with an 
Eastern crown or, resting the dexter paw upon an open book proper; on a chief 
dancetty argent, three boars' heads erased of the field. 
[College of Arms. Gts., Iv. 228.] 



800 




UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN 




UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST 




UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM 




UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY 



3E 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL. Argent, on a cross quadrant gules, a representa- 
tion of the arms of the city of Bristol (with the consent of the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Citizens), between in pale a sun in splendour and an open book 
proper, leaved and clasped or, and inscribed with tlie words, " Nisi quia 
Dominus," and in fesse to the dexter a dolphin embowed, and to the sinister a 
horse courant, both of the third. Motto — " Vim promovet insitam." 
[Granted, College of Arms, December 4, 1909.] 

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE. Gules, on a cross ermine between four 
lions passant guardant or, a Bible lying fesseways of the field, clasped and 
garnished of the third, the clasps in base. Motto — " Hinc lucem et pocula 
sacra." 

[Arms recorded in the College of Arms. Allowed and confirmed at the 
Visitation, 1575. See Cat. Heraldic Exhib., 6']?\ 

UNIVERSITY OF THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. Or, a fouled anchor fesse- 
wise surmounted by an open book inscribed with the words " Spes in arduis," 
both proper, in base a wall embattled also proper, thereon an annulet of the first, 
on a chief gules, a rose argent, barbed, seeded, and irradiated proper (being a 
representation of the Rose of York used by King Edward the Fourth), between 
two annulets of the first. Motto — " Spes in arduis." 

[Granted by H.M.'s Royal Warrant, October 7, 1903, and exemplified, 
College of Arms, March 2, 1904.] 

UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN. Quarterly azure and ermine, in the first quarter 
a book open proper clasped or, and in the fourth quarter a castle of two towers 
flammant proper; over all in the centre point the harp of Ireland ensigned 
with the royal crown. 

[Granted by Sir John Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, 28th March 
1862.] 



802 





V 






 .V Vl^SS' 



%« 

o o 







UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL 




UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE 





UNIVERSITY OF THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE 



UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM. Argent, a cross pattee quadrate gules, on a 
canton azure, a chevron or, between three lions rampant of the first. Motto — 
" Fundamenta ejus super montibus Sanctis." 

[These arms are recorded in the College of Arms. Gts., xlvi. 309.] 
The cross as used is by no means a true cross patt6e, but I know of no 
better heraldic description for it, though I believe it is known as the cross 
of St Cuthbert. The arms upon the canton are those of Bishop Hatfield. 
Bishop Hatfield's Hall makes use of the arms as upon the canton with the 
Motto — " Vel primus vel cum primis." 

UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH Argent, on a saltire azure, between a 
thistle proper in chief and a castle on a rock sable in base, a book expanded or. 
[Matriculated in Lyon Office, 22nd October 1789.] 

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW. Azure, the University mace in pale or between 
on the dexter a tree surmounted on the top by a bird proper, on the sinister an 
ancient handbell, and in chief an open book argent, and surmounted in base of 
a salmon on its back holding in its mouth a signet ring also proper. Motto 
— (below) " Via Veritas vita." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 14th June 1900.] 

UNIVERSITY OF HONG-KONG. Per pale vert and azure, an open book ppr., 
bound and edged or, inscribed with Chinese characters sable, on a chief gules, a 
lion passant guardant or. Motto — " Sapientia et virtus." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 14th May 1913.] 



804 





UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH 




UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW 




UNIVERSITY OF HONG-KONG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, ROYAL. Per saltire ermine and ermines an 
open book proper, clasped and surmounted by the royal crown or, between 
four escutcheons, two in pale and two in fesse, the escutcheons in pale represent- 
ing respectively the arms of the Provinces of Leinster and Munster, viz., 
Leinster vert an Irish harp or, stringed argent ; and Munster azure three 
antique crowns or, the escutcheons in fesse representing respectively the arms 
of the Provinces of Ulster and Connaught, viz., Ulster or, a cross gules, on an 
escutcheon argent, a dexter hand couped also gules, and Connaught per pale 
argent and azure on the dexter a dimidiated eagle displayed sable, and on the 
sinister conjoined therewith at the shoulder a sinister arm embowed proper, 
sleeved of the first, holding a sword erect also proper. 

[Granted by Sir John Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, nth October 
1881.] 

UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, THE NATIONAL. Vert, a harp or, with seven 
strings argent, in chief a five-pointed star of the second, charged with a trefoil 
of the field. Mottoes—'' Veritati " and " Fir Fer." 

[Granted by Capt. Wilkinson, Ulster King of Arms, 1912.] 

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS (Yorkshire). Vert, an open book proper, edged and 
clasped gold, inscribed with the words " Et augebitur scientia," between in chief 
three mullets argent, and in base a rose of the last seeded proper. O-est — On a 
wreath of the colours, a Greek sphinx gules. 

[Granted, College of Arms, August 10, 1905.] // 

UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL. Azure, an open book argent, inscribed " Fiat 
lux " in letters sable, bound, and on the sinister side seven clasps or, between three 
cormorants, otherwise called Livers, wings elevated of the second, each holding 
in the beak a branch of seaweed called Laver proper. Motto — " Haec otia studia 
fovent." 

[Granted, College of Arms, October 30, 1903.] 



806 




UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, ROYAL 




UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL 





UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, THE NATIONAL 



UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. Argent, on a cross gules, the union rose 
irradiated and ensigned with the imperial crown proper, a chief azure, thereon 
an open book also proper, the clasps gold. 

[Granted loth April 1838, by Ralph Bigland, Garter, William Woods, 
Clarenceux, and Edmund Lodge, Norroy.] 

UNIVERSITY OF MADRAS. Argent, on a mount issuant from the base vert, a 
tiger passant proper, on a chief sable, a pale or, thereon between two elephants' 
heads couped of the field, a lotus flower, leaved and slipped of the third. 
Motto — " Doctrina vim promovet insitam." 

[Granted, College of Arms, isth September 1898.] 

UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER. Refer to Owen's College and Victoria 
University. 

UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE (Australia). Azure, a figure intended to 
represent Victory, robed and attired proper, the dexter hand e.xtended holding 
a wreath of laurel or, between four stars of eight points, two in pale and two 
in fesse argent, with this Motto — " Postera crescam laude." 

[Granted 15th January 1863, by Sir Charles George Young, Garter; Robert 
Laurie, Clarenceux ; and W. A. Blount, Norroy.] 

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. Azure, on a book open proper, leathered gules 
garnished or, on the dexter side thereof seven seals of the last, between three 
open crowns of the same the words " In p'ncipia erat vcrbu. et verbu. erat 
apud deu." These words have been frequently changed for " Dominus 
illuminatio mea" or for " Sapientia felicitas." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms, Vn. of Oxford, 1574.] 



808 




UNIVERSITY OF LONDON 




UNIVERSITY OF MADRAS 





UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE 



UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY, QUEEN'S (Ireland). Argent, a saltire gules, charged with a 
royal crown of England, between an open ancient book in chief and the Irish 
harp in base, all proper. 

[Granted by Sir W. Betham, Ulster King of Arms, 15th September 1S51.] 

UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND. Or, a cross patee azure, surmounted by 
an open book proper. Motto — " Scientia ac labore." 
[Granted, College of Arms, 27th June 1912.] 

UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS. Parted per saltire argent and azure, in chief 
a book expanded proper, leaved gules, and in base a lion rampant of the last 
armed and langued of the second, on a chief of the fourth a crescent reversed 
of the first between two mascles or. 

[Matriculated, Lyon Register, November 24, 1905.] 

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD. Azure, an open book proper, edged gold, 
inscribed with the words " Disce Doce " between in fesse two sheaves of 
eight arrows interlaced satireways and banded argent, in chief an open crown or, 
and in base a rose also argent, barbed and seeded proper. Motto — " Rerum 
cognoscere causas." 

[Granted, College of Arms, June 1905.] 



810 




UNIVERSITY, QUEEN'S (IRELAND) 




UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS 





UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND 



UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY, New South Wales. Argent, on a cross 
azure, an open book proper, the clasps gold, between four stars of eight points 
or, on a chief gules, a lion passant guardant also or. Motto — " Sidere mens 
eadem mutato." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. Gts., Hi. 210.] 

UNIVERSITY, THE VICTORIA (Manchester). Party per pale argent and 
gules, a rose counterchanged between in chief a terrestrial globe semee of bees 
volant and a golden fleece, and in base a cormorant holding in the beak a 
branch of seaweed called laver, all proper, together with this Motto — " Olim 
armis nunc studiis." 

[Recorded, College of Arms.] 

The rose is, of course, that of Lancaster and York conjoined ; the globe is 
the crest of Manchester, the cormorant of Liverpool, and the fleece is taken 
from the arms of Leeds, the three principal Colleges of the University being 
situated in those towns. 

UNIVERSITY OF WALES. Argent, on a fesse murrey three medieval lamps 
or, all within a bordure of the second charged with eight mullets of the third. Crest 
— On a wreath of the colours, a dragon statant gules resting the dexter claw on 
an open book proper, inscribed with the words, " Gorev awen gwirioned." Motto 
— " Scientia ingenium artes." 

[Granted, College of Arms, May 2, 1910.] 

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded 872, by King Alfred, and 
refounded and endowed 1219, by William Archdeacon of Durham.) Azure, a 
cross flory between four martlets or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms at the Visitation of the County of 
Oxford, 1574.] 



812 




^aCPE^ 





— .^ijMt"-T^SITY, THE VICTORIA (MANCHESTER) 



UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY 




UNIVERSITY OF WALES 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, CORK. Per pale gules and azure, on the dexter 
side a lion statant guardant imperially crowned or, on the sinister side three 
Eastern crowns proper ; on a chief of the third, an ancient ship between two 
castles in fesse of the first, in the centre chief point of achievement an open book 
argent, garnished of the third. Motto — " Where Findbarr taught, let Munster 
learn." 

[Granted by Ulster King of Arms, 1912.] 

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN. Vert, a harp or, stringed argent, on a 
chief of the second on a pale azure between two trefoils slipped vert, three 
castles flammant proper. j1/cii'/(7c.f— "Comtrom Feinne" ; " Ad astra." 
[Granted by Wilkinson, Ulster, September 14, 1911-] 

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, within the University of Durham. A^.ure, a cross 
patonce or, between four lioncels argent, on a chief of the last, the cross of St 
Cuthbert sable, between two Durham mitres gules. Motto—" Non nobis ' 
solum." ^ ,■ 

[Granted, College of Arms, 2>.h May 1912.I . - '' 

UNn'^^'^" ES. Refer to Rhodes University College. 

AL (London), otherwise The North 

ajiure, an ancient galley proper, the sail 

^ert, the pennon gules and in chief two 

t — On a wreath of the colours, a pelican 

ast with a plate, thereon a cross gules. 

1907.] 
E (Reading). Refer to Reading. 




UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (CORK) 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (DURHAM) 




mrf-A^TR/f 






UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (DUBLIN) 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL (LONDON) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY (Cambridge). (Built by Thomas Scot, otherwise 
Rotherham.) Two coats impaled, dexter, the arms of the see of Rochester, 
impaling vert, three stags trippant argent, two and one, attired or. 
[Of no authority.] 

UNTER-WALDEN, Canton (Switzerland). Per fesse gules and argent, a double 
warded key in pale counterchanged, the wards in chief Supporter — (Dexter) a 
griffin or. 

UPHOLDERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). (Incorporated 14th 
June 1626.) Sable, three pavilions (in the original grant they are called 
spervers) ermine, lined azure, garnished or, two and one, within the pavilion in 
base a lamb couchant argent, on a cushion or, tasselled of the last, over the head 
a cross pattde fitchee gules. 

[Granted by William Hawkeslow, Clarenceux, nth December 1465. Grant 
printed in Sylvanus Morgan's "Sphere of Gentry," ii. 94. Confirmed, approved, 
and entered at the Visitation of London by Henry St George, 1634.] 

UPHOLDERS' COMPANY (Chester). Sable, three pavihons argent, lined 
ermine. 

[Of no authority.] 

UPSALA (Sweden). Azure, a male griffin passant and crowned or. 

URALSK (Russian Central Asia). Vert, out of water in base three mountains 
argent, from the centre rising a hetman's staff, and from the others horse-tail 
lances, in the water a fish. 
[Granted 5th July 187S.] 



816 




UNTER-WALDEN 




UPHOLDERS, COMPANY OF 




UPS ALA 




URALSK 



3F 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

URI, Canton (Switzerland). Or, a buffalo's head cabossed sable, armed gules, in 
his nostrils an annulet of the last. Suppoiter — On the dexter side a Swiss 
habited complete, holding the shield with his sinister hand, and blowing a horn 
with the dexter, all proper. 

URUGUAY. Quarterly azure and argent, in the first quarter a balance or, in the 
second on a rock a tower, therefrom a flag flying all proper, in the third on a 
mount in base also proper, a horse passant sable, and in the fourth on a like 
mount a bull statant argent. 

USHER OF THE GREEN ROD. Azure, two rods in saltire or. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register in 1721 by Sir Thomas Brand as the 
1st and 4th quarters (of his arms) "for H.M. Usher of the Green Rod."] 

USHER FOR SCOTLAND, H.M.'s Heritable. Azure, a baton paleways argent 
ensigned on the top with the unicorn of Scotland. 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register in 1758 by Alexander Coutts, H.M. 
Heritable Usher for Scotland, in the first and fourth quarters of his arms " as 
the badge of his office."] 

USHER FOR SCOTLAND. Refer to Walker Trustees. 

UTRECHT (Holland). Per bend argent and gules. 

VALENCIA (Spain). Gules, on a mount issuing in base vert, a building with 
cupolas argent. 

VANCOUVER ISLAND. No warrant assigning arms has ever been issued for 
Vancouver Island, which is now included in the province of British Columbia. 

VANDALIA. Refer to Denmark. 



818 





URI 



URUGUAY 





UTRECHT 



VALENCIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

VENEZUELA, Republic of. Per fesse and the chief per pale dexter gules, a garb 
or, sinister or, two swords in saltire in front of two flags in saltire all proper, 
surmounted by a cap of liberty gules, the base azure, on a mount in base vert, 
a horse courant to the sinister regardant argent. 

VENICE (Italy). Azure (sometimes on a mount in base vert), the winged lion 
of St Mark or, resting its de.vter paw on the open Scriptures, thereon the words 
" Pax tibi Marce Evangelista meus." 

VERONA (Italy). Azure, a cross or. 

VERSAILLES (France). Per fesse argent and azure, in chief a demi-cock with 
two heads displayed proper issuing from the fesse line combed and wattled 
gules, in base three fleurs-de-lis or. 



820 





VENEZUELA 



VENICE 





VERONA 



VERSAILLES 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

VETERINARY SURGEONS, Royal College of. Argent, a cross engrailed gules, 
between a horse's head erased in the first quarter, an arrow in bend entwined 
by and piercing a serpent in the second, a horse-shoe in the third, all proper, 
and a bull's head erased sable in the fourth. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, 
a centaur proper, holding a shield argent, charged with an aloe also proper 
Motto—'' Vis unita fortior." 

[College of Arms. Gts. xlvii. i66.] 

VICEROYS of India and Ireland. Refer to India and Lord-Lieutenant. 

VICTORIA (State of, in Commonwealth of Australia). Azure, five stars argent 
representing the constellation of the Southern Cross. Crest — On a wreath of 
the colours, a demi-kangaroo proper, holding in the paws an imperial crown or. 
Supporters — (Dexter) a female figure (representing Peace) proper, vested argent, 
cloaked azure, wreathed round the temples with a chaplet, and holding in the 
exterior hand a branch of olive, also proper ; (sinister) a like figure (representing 
Prosperity) vested argent, cloaked gules, wreathed round the temples with a 
chaplet of corn, and supporting with the exterior hand a cornucopia proper. 
Motto — " Peace and Prosperity." 

[Assigned by Royal Warrant, 6th June 1910. Warrant printed in extcnso. 
Times, 26th September 1910. Refer to Australia.] 

VICTORIA, See of (China). Gules, between in chief an eastern (.' celestial) crown, 
and in base an escallop all argent, a pastoral staff of the second, headed or, and 
a key in saltire, surmounted in the fesse point by an open book. 
[Of no authority.] 

VICTORIA UNIVERSITY. See University, Victoria. 

VICTUALLING OFFICE. On the seal are two anchors in saltire with their 
cables interlaced. 

VIENNA (Austria). Sable, an eagle displayed with two heads or, imperially 
crowned proper, charged on the breast with an inescutcheon gules, thereon a cross 
argent. 



822 





VICTORIA, STATE OF 



VETERINARY SURGEONS, COLLEGE OF 





VIENNA 



VICTORIA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

VINTNERS, The Worshipful Company of (London). C Incorporated 23rd August 
1437.) Sable, a chevron between three tuns argent. 

[Granted b}' William Horseley, Clarenceux, 7th September 1447 ; confirmed 
22nd October 1530 and in 1634.] 

VIRGIN ISLANDS. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

VIRGINIA, Colony of. There were no arms for this colony, but there is in the 
College of Arms the record of the grant of a seal by Warrant, 9th August 1662. 

VIRGINIA, U.S.A. (State Device.) Victory, holding in the left hand a spear erect, and 
grasping in the right a falchion, trampling upon a figure representing Despotism, 
with appropriate emblems ; and on an escroll the motto, " Sic semper tyrannis." 

VIRGINIA COLLEGE (Virginia, U.S.A.). Vert, a college or edifice argent, masoned 
proper, in chief the rising sun or, the hemisphere of the third. 
[Granted, College of Arms, 14th May 1694.] 

VIRGINIAN MERCHANTS. Argent, a cross gules, between four escutcheons, 
each regally crowned proper, the first escutcheon in the dexter chief, the arms of 
France and England, quarterly ; the second in the sinister chief, the arms of 
Scotland ; the third the arms of Ireland ; the fourth as the first. Crest — On a 
wreath of the colours, a maiden queen couped below the shoulders proper, her hair 
dishevelled of the last, vested and crowned with an Eastern crown or. Supporters 
— Two men in complete armour, with their beavers open, on their helmets three 
ostrich feathers argent, each charged on the breast with a cross throughout gules, 
and each holding in his exterior hand a lance proper. Motto — " En dat Virginia 
quatram." 

[There is no record of any grant of these arms.] 

VLADIMIR. Refer to Russia. 

WAADT (Switzerland). Per fesse argent and vert, in chief the words " Liberte et 
patrie." 

WADHAM COLLEGE (Oxford). (Founded in 161 3 by Nicholas Wadham, Esq., 
of Merefield, Co. Somerset, and Dorothy, his wife, sister of John, Lord Petre.) 
Gules, a chevron between three roses argent barbed vert, for Wadham ; impal- 
ing gules, a bend or, between two escallops argent, for Petre. 
[Of no authority.] 

WAIAPU, See of (New Zealand). Azure, a saltire argent, on a canton of the 
field three stars, one and two of the second. 
[Of no authority.] 



824 




iLDiBiisnri 




VINTNERS, COMPANY OF 



WAADT 




WADHAM COLLEGE (OXFORD) 




WAIAPU, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WAKEFIELD (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings, but Burke's " General 
Armory " gives " Az. a fleur-de-lis or," which armorial bearings duly appear on 
the Corporation Seal. 

WAKEFIELD, See of. Or, a fleur-de-lis azure, on a chief of the last, three 
celestial crowns of the field. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

WAKEFIELD GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Argent, a closed book proper, clasped 
or; on a chief per pale gules and azure a lion statant guardant or on the dexter 
side, and an owl of the last on the sinister. Motto — "Turpe nescire." 
[Of no authority.] 

WAKERS. Refer to Waulkers. 



826 




WAKEFIELD 




WAKEFIELD GRAMMAR SCHOOL 




WAKEFIELD, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WALDECK-PYRMONT, Principality of. Per pale dexter or, a mullet of eight 
points sable impaling sinister argent, a cross moline gules. Supporters — Two 
lions regardant or. Motto — " Palma sub pondere crescit." The full quarterings 
are as shown in the illustration. 

WALDEN, SAFFRON. See Saffron Walden. 

WALES (Principality of). DiiTerent royal arms borne by the various rulers are 
of course in existence and well known, notably those of North Wales, South 
Wales, and Powysland. Those of the first, which are those borne in the 
thirteenth century by lorwerth Drwyndwh and by the Princes of Wales till 
the last Prince Llewellyn, and assumed as the arms of Wales by Owen 
Glendwr, are however almost universally used and quoted, when Wales as a 
principality requires to be heraldically represented, and are quarterly or and 
gules four lions passant guardant counter-changed. These arms have had 
some official recognition as the arms of Wales since the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, and by a Royal Warrant, dated 1912, are now borne by the Prince 
of Wales on an inescutcheon in the centre of his arms. The badge of Wales 
is " on a mount vert, a dragon passant gules," and is borne by the King and 
(differenced by a label of three points argent) by the Prince of Wales. 

WALES, UNIVERSITY OF. Refer to University of Wales. 

WALKER TRUSTEES. Argent, on a saltire azure, a mitre or: behind the shield 
are placed two batons in saltire, each ensigned with a unicorn salient supporting 
a shield argent, the unicorn horned and gorged with an antique crown or, to 
which is affixed a chain passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back 
of the last (the baton of H.M. Heritable Usjier for Scotland). 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1877.] 

WALLACHIA. Refer to Roumania. 

WALLASEY, Borough of (Cheshire). Or, on waves of the sea a three-masted 
ship in full sail proper, on a chief azure to the dexter three garbs, two and one 
of the first, and to the sinister a bugle-horn proper, stringed and garnished gold 
Crest — On a wreath of colours, a dolphin head downwards proper entwining a 
trident erect or. Motto — " Audemus dum cavemus." 
[Granted, College of Arms, Septembers, 1910.] 

WALLINGFORD (Berkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
(according to the " General Armory ") a man on horseback at full speed armed 
cap-a-pie, and bearing on his left arm his shield, charged with the arms of France 
and England quarterly, on his helmet a cap of maintenance, thereon a lion 
statant guardant ducally crowned, his dexter arm extended and holding a sword 
erect, the pommel whereof is fastened to a chain which passes from the gorget : 
the horse fully caparisoned. Legend — " Sigillum commune de Walingford." 

828 




WALDECK-PYRMONT 




WALES 




fAUDEMUS-DUM-CAVEMUSl 



WALLASEY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WALLIS (Switzerland). Per pale argent and gules, five mullets of as many points 
in pale between on either side four such mullets in pale, all counterchanged. 

WALSALL (Staffordshire). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use constitute a 
decidedly peculiar achievement. The arms of France and England quarterly 
answer the purpose of an escutcheon. This is surmounted by a coronet, com- 
posed of five fleurs-de-!ys, and therein a mount surmounted by a bear sejant 
erect, collared and chained, and holding between his forepaws a ragged staff". 
For Supporters — Two lions sejant guardant, addorsed {i.e. with the escutcheon 
resting upon their backs), the tails interlaced below the escutcheon. The 
Corporation seal shows the foregoing arms and supporters surmounted by an 
open coronet, the rim surmounted by five fleurs-de-lys. 

WALLSEND, Borough of (Northumberland). Sable, gutte-d'or, in base an 

embattled wall, thereon an eagle displayed both or. Motto — "Situ exoritur 
segeduni." 

[Granted, College of Arms, October S, 1902.] 



83c 




WALLIS 




WALLSEND 




WALSALI, 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WANDSWORTH, Borough of (London). Per fesse nebuly chequy azure and or, 
each of the last charged with a goutte of the first, and sable, in base five 
estoiles, four and one of the second, all within a bordure argent, charged with 
eight crosses couped gules. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, an ancient ship 
having a dragon head at the prow sable, five oars in action, the like number of 
shields resting against the bulwarks, and suspended from the stem and stern an 
anchor all or, mast and rigging proper, with a flag flying to the dexter gules, 
the sail azure, charged with a wyvern, wings elevated within eight gouttes in orle 
argent. Motto — " We serve." 

[Granted by Sir Albert Woods, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., Garter King of Arms, 
G. S. Cokayne, Clarenceux King of Arms, and W. H. Weldon, Norroy King 
of Arms, 6th July 1901.] 

WANGARATTA, See of (Australia). Per fesse, in chief a bunch of grapes slipped 
and leaved and in base a garb. 
[Of no authority.] 

WAREHAM (Dorset). Has no armorial bearings. The following arms are quoted 
in Burke's "General Armory" : — " Gu. a crescent surmounted of an estoile of six 
points or, betw. three fleurs-de-lis reversed of the last." 

" WARLICKE SOIESIETY AND FELLESHEPE OF THE MELLETERY 
COMPANY." Gules, an imperial crown or, the cap gules, lined ermine, on a 
chief argent, a cross of the field. Crest — Issuant out of a coronet composed of 
four crosses patee and four fleurs-de-lis alternately or, a de.xter cubit arm vested 
and gauntled argent, the hand holding a spear in bend sinister proper, flowing 
therefrom a square banner fringed gules, inscribed with the words, " Ich dine," 
gold. Supporters- — On either side, a horse richly caparisoned gules, azure and or. 
Motto — " Floreat vigeatq. corona." 

[Granted by Borough, Garter, 1639.] 

WARRINGTON, Borough of (Lancashire). Ermine, six lioncels rampant, three, 
two, and one gules, within a bordure azure, charged with eight covered cups or. 
Crest — On a wreath of the colours, upon a rock proper, a Unicorn rampant 
argent, armed, maned, and unguled, supporting a flagstaff all or, thereon hoisted 
a flag flying to the sinister, per pale argent and azure charged with a rose gules, 
barbed and seeded of the first, and a garb of the second. Motto — " Deus dat 
incrementum." 

[Granted by Sir Albert Woods, Garter; G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux; and 
William H. Weldon, Norroy, i8th May 1897. The grant is printed in extenso 
in the Genealogical Magazine, September 1897, vol. i. p. 259. The lioncels 
were suggested by the arms of Paganus de Villars, and the covered cups by the 
arms of the Boteler or Butler family. The rose and garb in the crest allude to 
the fact that at the time of its incorporation Warrington was partly in 
Lancashire and partly in Cheshire. The unicorn is also suggested by the crest 
of the Boteler family. (See a letter in the Genealogical Magazine, p. 430.) 

S32 




WANDSWORTH 




WANGARATTA, SEE OF 





WAREHAM 



WARRINGTON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WARSAW (Poland). Azure, a garb banded or, surmounted by a fesse wavy 
argent. 

WARWICKSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The following are, however, 
given on a sheet published under the title "Arms of the Counties of England 
and Wales," namely, Gules, a tower between on the dexter side a sun in 
splendour or, and on the sinister a crescent argent. This is, of course, a travesty 
on the seal of Warwick. 

WARWICK (Warwickshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which is 
recorded in the visitation books of the College of Arms, represents upon a sable 
field, and issuing from battlements in base, a castle triple-towered argent, from 
each of the outer towers issues a demi-huntsman winding his horn (? all proper), 
and on the centre tower is pendent an escutcheon sable charged with a ragged 
staff in bend argent. On the dexter side of the castle is a star, and on the 
sinister side is a crescent. 

WATERFORD (County of). Has no armorial bearings. 

WATERFORD, City of (Co. Waterford). Has no armorial bearings recorded in 
Ulster's Office, but Burke gives in his " General Armory " : " Per fesse gu. and 
ar., in chief three lions pass, guard, in pale or, in base on the sea ppr. three barks 
of the third. Crest — A lion sejant supporting an Irish harp or. Supporters — 
(Dexter) a lion or ; (sinister) a dolphin ar. Motto — ' Urbs intacta manet.'" 

These arms are on the charter (.^), and are noted by the Smith, Rouge 
Dragon, 1613. 

In Debrett's " House of Commons " the illustration of the arms of Waterford 
differs slightly. The shield is shown party per fesse, but the tinctures of both 
chief and base are vert, which is obviously wrong, and only one ship is sliowrTm 
base, and that with two masts. 

WATERFORD, See of. Azure, a saint standing on two degrees or steps, vested 
in a loose robe, rays about his head, holding a crucifix before him, his hands on 
the extreme ends, and his feet resting on the uppermost step all or {ancienf). 
Modern (borne by Nathaniel Foy, 1691-1708) — Vert two keys in saltire, bows 
down or, in chief a lion passant guardant argent, in fesse a Bible on the dexter 
and an annulet on the sinister of the second, in base six cloven tongues, three, 
two, and one of the third. 

[These first-mentioned arms are recorded in Ulster's Office, but through the 
disestablishment of the Irish Church they are now extinct] 

WATERFORD. Refer to Cashel and Emly, Waterford and Lismore, Bishop of 



834 




WARSAW 




WATERFORD, SEE OF 




WATERFORD 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WATERMEN AND LIGHTERMEN, The Worshipful Company of, London. 
(Incorporated 14th June 1827.) Barry wavy of six argent and azure, a boat or, 
on a chief of the second two oars in saltire of the third between as many cushions 
of the first tasselled or. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dexter arm 
embowed proper, vested argent, holding in the hand an oar erect or. Motto — 
(Over crest) " At command of our Superiors." Supporters — Two dolphins azure, 
finned or. 

[Granted 18th September 1555. Confirmed at the visitation of London, 

1634-] 

WATSON'S COLLEGE, GEORGE (Edinburgh). Has no arms, but uses those 
granted by Lyon Office in 1739 to its founder, George Watson of Edinburgh, 
Merchant, viz.. Argent, an oak-tree acorned growing out of a mount in base 
proper, surmounted of a fess wavy azure charged with three bezants. Crest — 
A flaming heart proper. Motto — "Ex corde caritas." 

WAULKERS, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Gules, a chevron argent, between 
two habicks in chief of the last and a teazel in base or. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh, and compare 
with the arms of the Clothworkers' Company, London.] 



836 




WATERMEN AND LIGHTERMEN, COMPANY OF 




o o o 





WAULKERS (EDINBURGH) 



GEORGE WATSON'S COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WAX-CHANDLERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated i6th 
February 1483.) Azure, on a chevron argent, between three mortcours {i.e. 
lamps) or, as many roses gules, seeded gold, barbed vert. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, a demi-maiden crined and habited or, turned up ermine, issuant 
from a wreath of gilly-flowers and holding in her hand a garland or chaplet of 
flowers also of the first. Supporters — Two unicorns gules, gutte-d'eau, armed, 
crined, and unguled or, gorged with a chaplet of roses gules, thereto a chain 
terminating in three rings gold. J^Fotto — "Truth is the light." 

[Granted by Thomas Holmes, Clarenceux, 3rd February 1485 ; confirmed 
1487. Supporters granted by Hawley, nth October 1536.] 

WEAVERS, Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 1327.) Azure, on 
a chevron argent, between three leopards' faces or, each having in the mouth a 
shuttle of the last, as many roses gules, seeded of the third, barbed vert. Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours, a leopard's face or, ducall}' crowned gules, in his mouth 
a shuttle of the first. Supporters — Two wiverns with wings endorsed ermine, 
purfled or, on the wing a rose as in the arms Alotto — " Weave truth with 
trust." 

[Arms and crest granted by Thomas Holmes, Clarenceux, 1487 ; confirmed 
by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, 1590, and confirmed, and supporters granted by 
Sir William Segar, Garter, loth August 1616, and entered and approved at the 
visitation of London by Henry St George in 1634.] 

WEAVERS, The Craft and Incorporation of (Aberdeen). Azure, three leopards' 
heads erased argent, having in their mouths a weaver's shuttle or, in the middle 
chief a tower of Aberdeen. Motto — " Spero in Deo et ipse facit." 
[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 15th May 1682.] 

WEAVERS (Edinburgh). Refer to Websters, and see also Stornoway, 
Incorporated Trades of 

WEAVERS' COMPANY (Exeter). Per saltire azure and gules, in fesse two 
shuttles filled palewi.se or, in chief a teazel, in base a pair of sheers lying 
fesseways argent, on a chief ermine a slea between two burling irons of the third. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

WEAVERS' COMPANY (Worcester). (The Fraternity of Clothiers incorporated 
by Queen Elizabeth in the 32nd year of her reign, by the name of the Master, 
Wardens, and Commonalty of the Company of Weavers, Walkers and Clothiers 
within the City of Worcester) On a chevron between three leopards' faces 
each having in the mouth a shuttle fessewise, as many cinquefoils impaling a 
pair of sheers between on the dexter a (? broches) and on the sinister a (? mallet ). 
[Recorded as the arms on the Common Seal at the Visitation of Worcester, 
1634, but no colours are marked.] 



838 




WAX-CHANDLERS, COMPANY OF 




WEAVERS, COMPANY OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WEBSTERS, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Gules, on a chevron argent, 
between three leopards' faces, in each mouth a shuttle, all or, as many roses of 
the field. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register ; refer sub Edinburgh.] 

WEDNESBURY (Staffordshire). Sable, on a fesse between two lions passant 
argent, crowned or, the emblem of Mars, between two lozenges of the field. 
And for the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of the rising sun or, a 
tower with flames of fire proper, and charged with the emblem of Mars as in 
the arms, with the Motto — " Arte marte vigore." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms. Gts., 74, 285.] 

WEI-HEI-WEI. No warrant assigning arms has been issued, but the Admiralty 
publish as the device for use upon the Union flag by the Commissioner a land- 
scape disc showing two water fowl at the edge of water. 

WEIMAR (Germany). Or, seme of hearts gules, a lion rampant double-queued 
sable, crowned or. 

WELLINGTON, See of (New Zealand). Argent, a cross gules, the first quarter 
azure, three stars, one and two of the first. 
[Of no authority.] 



840 




Oa3>^QQ 




WEBSTERS (EDINBURGH) 



WEIMAR 




♦or^ 





WEDNESBURY 



WELLINGTON, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WELLINGTON COLLEGE. Uses the arms and augmentation of the Duke of 
Wellington, viz. : Quarterly i and 4 gules, a cross argent and in each quarter five 
plates in saltire ; 2 and 3 or, a lion rampant gules ducally gorged of the field, in 
the centre of the quarters a mullet argent, in the honour point an inescutcheon 
of the Union. Motto — " Heroum filii." 
[Of no authority.] 

WELLS (Somersetshire). The collections of Vincent, preserved in the College 
of Arms, give a coat upon a field argent a mount in base, therefrom issuing a 
tree, and at the foot thereof three wells, all of which he labels proper. This 
within the legend, " Hoc fonte derivata copia in patriam populumque fluit," is 
illustrated in Debrett's " House of Commons " more in the form of a seal. The 
arms as used (see illustration), and as quoted by Burke and Berry are, " Party 
per fesse argent and vert, a tree proper issuing from the fesse line, in base 
three wells, two and one, masoned proper," with a motto as quoted in the fore- 
going legend. Berry adds a note, " These Arms are somewhat doubtful, as Mr 
Edmondson, upon strict inquiry, and consulting the records of the city, could 
not find the blazon or description of any Arms belonging to it." The " General 
Armory" gives details of the " Corporation Seal," which " represents a tree from 
the root, whereof runs a spring of water, on the sinister thereof stands a stork 
picking up a fish, on the dexter is another bird resembling a Cornish chough. 

WELLS. Refer to Bath and Wells. 

WELLS, Dean of. Azure, a saltire or with the keys of St Peter and the sword of 
St Paul erect in either flank. 
[Of no authoritJ^] 

WELSHPOOL (Montgomeryshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal re- 
presents an escutcheon charged with an embattled gateway approached by 
five circular steps, with the legend, "The seal of the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Burgesses of the Borough of Pool." 

WENLOCK. See Much Wenlock. 

WEST AFRICA. Refer to British West Africa. 

WEST BROMWICH (Staffordshire), .-^zure, a stag's head caboshed argent, 
between three fers-de-moline or, a bordure of the second charged with four 
mullets and as many fleurs-de-lis alternately of the first. And for the Crest — 
On a wreath of the colours, in front of four feathers erect azure, a stag lodged 
argent, supporting with the dexter foot a fer-de-moline sable. 

[Granted, College of Arms, 16th October 1882.] 

The stag's head in the arms and the ostrich feathers in the Crest are derived 
from Lord Dartmouth's achievement. 



842 





WELLINGTON COLLEGE 



WELLS 




WELLS, DEAN OF 




WEST BROMWICH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WEST HAM (Essex). Per fesse gules and or, in chief a ship under sail proper, 
and two hammers in saltire of the second, in base three chevrons of the first, 
over all a pale ermine, thereon a crozier erect, also of the second. And for 
the Crest — On a wreath of the colours, in front of a sword in bend dexter, 
point downwards proper, pommel and hilt gold, surmounted by a crosier in bend 
sinister or, a sun rising in splendour proper. Motto — " Deo confidimus." 
[College of Arms, Gts., 63, 324.] 

WEST HARTLEPOOL (Durham). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use 
are azure, on a fesse argent, between in chief a bird and in base on waves of the 
sea a ship under sail, a hart courant between two anchors, all proper. Crest — 
A demi-hart resting his dexter foot on an anchor reversed. Motto — " E mare 
ex industria." 

WEST INDIA MERCHANTS, Society of. Azure, three ships, hulks, masts, and 
rigging or, the sails all furled, the pennants and ensigns argent, each charged with 
a cross gules, on a chief of the second a pale quarterly, viz., ist and 4th, azure, 
three fleurs-de-lis or ; 2nd and 3rd, gules, three lions passant guardant in pale 
or, all between two roses of the fourth, seeded of the second, barbed vert. 

[Of no authority. Compare with the arms of the East India Company.] 

WEST INDIES. Refer to Leeward Islands. 

WEST MEATH (County). Has no armorial bearings. 

WEST RIDING of the County of Yorkshire. See Yorkshire. 

WEST SUFFOLK. See Suffolk. 

WEST SUSSEX. See Sussex, West. 

WESTBURY (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. The following are given 
in Burke's "General Armory": — "Quarterly or and az., a cross patonce, on 
a border twenty lions rampant, all counterchanged." 

WESTCHESTER, See of. Gules, three mitres or. 

[This entry appears in Burke's " Armory." The arms are those of the See of 
Chester, and I am not aware of the existence of any see of Westchester.] 

WESTERN AUSTRALIA, State of (Commonwealth of Australia). No warrant 
assigning arms has as yet been issued to the State of Western Australia, but the 
following arms are in general use, " Or, a swan naiant sable, the wings elevated 
and endorsed." 

These arms are used upon the Union flag by the Governor but are 
unauthorised, but refer to Australia. 



844 




WEST HAM 




WEST HARTLEPOOL 





WESTBURY 



WESTERN AUSTRALIA 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WESTERN CHINA, See of. Argent, four bars wavy purpure, over all a passion 
cross of the field. 

[Of no authority.] 

WESTERN EQUATORIAL AFRICA, See of. Argent, issuant from a mount 
in base vert, a palm-tree proper, on the dexter side a dove volant. 
[OC no authority.] 

WESTMINSTER (City of). Azure, a portcullis with chains pendent or, on 
a chief of the last, on a pale, between two united roses of York and Lancaster, 
the arms of King Edward the Confessor, namely, Azure, a cross patonce between 
five martlets, one in each quarter, and another in base, all or. 

Granted ist October 1601, by Dethick, Garter King of Arms, and Camden, 
Clarenceux King of Arms. 

The actual blazon of the grant runs : — " In a shield azure a portcullis 
Gould, on a cheefe of the second the Arms of the holye King Edward the 
Confessor betwene twoe united roses of Lancaster & York. Wm. Dethick, 
Garter; William Camden, Clarenceux." 

Upon the creation of the Metropolitan Boroughs, Westminster was again 
erected into a city, and the old arms were regranted by patent dated February 6, 
1902, as follows: "Azure, a portcullis or, on a chief of the second a pallet 
[obviously a clerical error as it should be a pale] of the first, thereon a cross 
flory between five martlets also of the second, being the arms of King Edward the 
Confessor between two united roses gules and argent" (i.e. a white rose within a 
red rose.) By a patent dated October 24, 1902, the following Crest was granted 
— " On a wreath of the colours, or and azure, a portcullis chained sable between on 
the dexter side a rose gules and on the sinister a rose argent, both barbed, 
seeded, stalked, leaved, and erect proper." By a patent dated October 27, 1902, 
the following Supporters were granted — " On either side a lion ermine, that on the 
dexter gorged with a collar or, thereon three roses gules, barbed and seeded 
proper, that on the sinister with a collar azure, thereon as many roses argent, 
barbed and seeded also proper, and each charged on the body with a portcullis 
chained or. Motto — " Custodi civitatem Domine." 

WESTMINSTER, Marquessate of. The arms of the City of Westminster [to 
which refer] are borne by Royal Licence, quarterly (in the first and fourth 
quarters) with the arms of Grosvenor as a coat of augmentation by the Mar- 
quesses (now Dukes) of Westminster. 



846 





WESTERN CHINA, SEE OF 



WESTERN EQUATORIAL AFRICA, SEE OF 




WESTMINSTER 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WESTMINSTER SCHOOL. The arms of Edward the Confessor, viz., Azure, a 
cross patonce between five martlets, one in each quarter and one in base ail or, 
with a chief argent, thereon a pale, charged with the arms of France and 
England quarterly between two roses gules. Motto — " In patriam popuUimque." 
Another Motto — " Dat Deus incrementum." 

[These are the arms of the ancient .See of Westminster now used by 
Westminster Abbey.] 

WESTMINSTER ABBEY (The Abbey Church of St Peter). Crockford 
assigns to Westminster Abbey the arms of the ancient See of Westminster, to 
which refer ; but Woodward gives an additional coat, " Azure, on a chief indented 
or the head of a pastoral staff and a mitre gules." This last coat is recorded in 
the College of Arms. 

WESTMINSTER, See of. (1540 to 1550, suppressed.) Azure, a cross patonce 
between five martlets or, on a chief of the second, a pale quarterly of France and 
England between two united roses of York and Lancaster. 



"&' 



WESTMINSTER, New (Canada). Refer to New Westminster. 

WESTMORELAND. Has no armorial bearings. In the published sheet headed 
" The Arms of the Counties of England and Wales," is a most ludicrous achieve- 
ment, namely, " Azure, a carbuncle or, on an escutcheon of pretence the 
arms of England, i.e., gules, three lions passant guardant or." If reference be 
made to the description of the seal of Appleby, which is doubtless the origin, 
the e.xtent of the joke will perhaps be appreciated. 

WESTPHALIA, Province of (Prussia). Gules, a horse saliant argent. Cresl^ 
Out of a crown or, a demi-horse as in the arms. Supporters— {De.xie.r) a savage 
supporting a banner of Prussia ; (sinister) a man in complete armour, on his head 
a plume of feathers argent and gules, supporting a banner of Westphalia 
as above. 

WESTPHALIA. Refer to Cologne, Elector of. 

WEXFORD (County of). Has no armorial bearings. 

WEXFORD, Town of (Co. Wexford). Argent, three lymphads flammant with 
pennons all proper. Motto — " Per aqua et ignem." 

[Granted by Molyneux, Ulster King of Arms, and recorded in the visitation 
of We.xford in 1628.] 



848 




WESTMINSTER SCHOOL 




WESTMINSTER, SEE OF 





WESTPHALIA, PROVINCE OF 



WEXFORD, TOWN OF 



3" 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WEYMOUTH and MELCOMBE REGIS, United Towns of (Dorsetshire). 
Azure, on waves of the sea in base proper a ship of three masts tackled and 
rigged all or, on the fore and mizzen masts two square banners, that on the 
first party per pale gules and vert, three lions passant guardant or, that on 
the latter quarterly i and 4 argent, a lion rampant purpure, 2 and 3 gules a 
tower triple towered or, on the hulk of the ship an escutcheon per fesse or 
and gules, in chief three chevrons of the last, in base three lions passant 
guardant in pale also or. Berry, in giving the foregoing coat, adds a note 
that the two towns were united in one Corporation in the thirteenth year 
of Queen Elizabeth, in consequence whereof, in the thirty-sixth year of the 
same reign, the foregoing arms were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux 
King of Arms, ist May 1592, and at the same time he granted a common seal, 
" Azure, a bridge of three arches double embattled argent standing in the sea 
proper, in chief an escutcheon per fesse or and gules, in the chief thereoi 
three chevrons of the last, and in base three lions passant guardant in pale 
also or." (Grant printed in the " History of Weymouth.") The curious point 
is that in the visitation records, whilst the design upon the common seal appears 
upon an escutcheon, the drawing of the arms is not so placed, though the 
colours are marked in both instances, and the legends are omitted. Another 
coat is recorded (F. 13, 41) in the College of Arms, viz., "per pale azure and 
gules, in base a bridge embattled argent, showing through three archways waves 
barry wavy argent and azure, in chief a fleur-de-lis and Hon passant guardant or. 

WHEELWRIC.1TS. Refer to Wrights. 

WHEELWRIGHTS, The Worshipful Company of, London. (Incorporated 
3rd February 1670.) Gules, a chevron between three wheels or, on a chief argent, 
an axe lying fessewise proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a dexter arm 
embowed vested gules, cufiTed argent, holding in the hand proper a mallet or. 
Supporters — Two horses argent. Motto — "God grant unity." 
[Of no authority.] 

WHITBURN (Linlithgow). Has no arms. The seal simply shows the device of 
a stage coach with the Motto — " Onward." 

WHITBY (Yorkshire). Has no armorial bearings, but Debrett's " House of 
Commons" gives the following : — " Azure three shells proper." 

WHITE BAKERS' COMPANY. This the full description of the Bakers' Com- 
pany, to which refer. 



850 




WHEELWRIGHTS, COMPANY OF 




WHITBY 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WHITEHAVEN (Cumberland). Has no armorial bearings. The designer 
of the seal not being content with one bogus escutcheon, must needs invent 
two, one showing a ship in full sail passing the pier-head, the other displaying 
the buildings and outhouses at the mouth of a mine. In the blank space 
at the top of the seal is shown a range of mountains and a railway embank- 
ment complete, with signal-box and signal-post, and a railway locomotive and 
tender, and attached thereto a train of railway waggons. Motto — " Vincit 
omnia perseverantia." (.One wishes a little of the heraldic ignorance could 
be overcome.) The legend upon the seal is "Town of Whitehaven, 1863." 
The " Seal of the Trustees of the Town and Harbour of Whitehaven " 
exhibits, with other historical and literary matter, an escutcheon decidedly 
unique. It is evidently suggested by the arms of Lord Lonsdale, and 
displays without tinctures six annulets, three, two, and one, and on a chief the 
word " Persevere." This, however, may certainly be nothing more than a 
peculiar way of showing a motto. Lord Lonsdale's arms are, or, six annulets 
three, two, and one sable ; so I presume, if colours be wanted, the foregoing 
blazon would supply them. Whitehaven evidently goes in for variety. It is a 
pity that, as far as it is concerned all is so very bogus. 

WHITHORN (Wigtownshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. 
The seal represents the figure of St Ninian seated and fully vested, with 
manacles on either side of him. The legend is " S. comune unitatis burgi 
candide casi." 

WHITTINGTON COLLEGE. Gules, a fess chequy or and azure, in the dexter 

chief point an annulet or. 
WICK, County of. Has no armorial bearings. 
WICK (Co. Wick). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The seal 

represents two men rowing in an open boat, with the figure of the Saviour 

(.?) standing in the stern, with the motto, " Nisi Dominus frustra." The 

legend is " Sigillum commune burgi de Wick 1589." 

WICKHAM. See Wycombe. 

WICKLOW, County. Has no armorial bearings. 

WICKLOW (Co. Wicklow). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's 
Office. The following are quoted in Burke's " General Armory " :— " Or, on 
a staff ppr. a flag gold, a chief indented gu.," but the design upon the seal 
is more frequently made use of 

WIDNES (Lancashire). Quarterly argent and azure, a cross per cross counter- 
changed, in the first and fourth quarters a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper, 
and in the second and third a beehive between four bees volant saltire-wise or ; 
and for the Crest— Xi^^ow a wreath of the colours, a furnace, thereon an alembic, 
all or. Motto — " Industria ditat." 

[Granted, College of Arms, 5th June 1893.] 

852 




WIDNES 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WIDOWS AND ORPHANS. Refer to Clergymen's Widows and Orphans. 

WIESBADEN (Germany). Azure, three fleurs-de-lis and a bordure argent. 

WIGAN (Lancashire). Has no armorial bearings. The present seal, which is 
oval in shape, represents a building supported upon columns and surmounted 
by a belfry. In front of the building is a balcony, and above the roof, upon 
the dexter side of the belfry, is a sword in pale. The legend is, "Sigillum 
commune villae et burgi de Wigan." Three seals, very different from the above, 
were recorded at the visitation. 

WIGHT, Isle of. See Isle of Wight. 

WIGSTON'S HOSPITAL. Ermine, a chevron per chevron ermines and gules. 
Crest — A lion's head erased. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

WIGTOWN, County of. Has no armorial bearings. Upon the seal of the County 
Council, with other heraldic insignia, the following arms are made use of, 
namely. Azure, a lion rampant. . . . 

WIGTOWN (Wigtownshire). Has not matriculated any armorial bearings. The 
seal represents a three-masted ship at sea, partly under sail, within the legend 
" Sigil. commune antiquiss burgi Wigtoniensis." 

WILNA (Russia). Gules, a chevalier on horseback at full speed, armed cap-a-pie, 
and brandishing a sword all argent. 

WILTON (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal, which is very 
ancient, represents the figure of a saint in a niche of a shrine of Gothic work, 
and over it an angel holding an escutcheon of the arms of England, namely, 
"Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or." A very different seal was 
recorded at the visitation. 

WILTSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The arms either of the City or the See 
of Salisbury have done duty in their turn, also those of the different Lords- 
Lieutenant for the time being. The present seal of the County Council 
represents a view of Stonehenge. 

WIMBLEDON, Borough of (Surrey). Argent, a double-headed eagle displayed 
sable, beaked and legged gules, langued azure, charged on the dexter wing with 
a rose and on the sinister wing with a fret, both or, a bordure compony of the 
last and azure. Crest — Out of a mural crown a garb or supported on either side 
by a Cornish chough proper, beaked and legged gules. Motto— "Z'm& labe 

decus." 

[Granted, College of Arms, October 15, 1906.] 



854 




WILNA 




WIMBLEDON 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WINCHELSEA (Sussex). Per pale gules and azure, three demi-lions passant 
guardant or, conjoined in pale to as many hulks of ships argent. 

[This is the Cinque Ports device, and does not exclusively belong to this 
town.] 

WINCHESTER (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use, which are 
quoted in Burke's " General Armory," are Party per pale gules and azure, 
three demi-lions passant guardant or, conjoined in pale to the hulks of as many 
ships argent. Berry gives a note, " This borough hath also a very ancient Seal, 
representing a ship with a castle at the head and another at the stern, and on 
one part of the Seal is a small escocheon of the Arms of England, viz., three 
lions in pale." 

[See illustration of Sandwich and refer to Winchelsea.] 

WINCHESTER (Hants). Gules, five castles in saltire argent, the centre castle 
supported by two lions passant guardant or. 

Recorded in the College of Arms. In Ulster's Office is a MS. book of the 
armorial bearings of towns, and the arms, " Sable, three lilies argent, leaved 
vert.," are given for Winchester. Refer to Winchester College. 

WINCHESTER, See of. Gules, two keys indorsed in bend, the uppermost or, the 
other argent, a sword interposed between them in bend sinister of the third, 
pomel and hilt gold. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The Bishop of Winchester, as Prelate of the Order of the Garter, places a 
Garter round his shield. 

These arms first appear on the seal of Bishop William, of Wayneflete, 
1 447- 1 486. 

WINCHESTER, Dean of. A minster or church argent, masoned sable, in the 
gate of the church the Holy Image of the Blessed Trinity gold and silver, 
crowned imperial on a canton per pale or and argent, a rose counterchanged. 
Recorded in the College of Arms, but it seems more probable that this is a seal 
device and not a coat-of-arms. Woodward gives the arms of the see and in 
chief the letter D, or, but there is no authority for this. 



856 





WINCHELSEA 



WINCHESTER (HANTS) 





WINCHESTER, DEAN OF 



WINCHESTER, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WINCHESTER COLLEGE. Sable, three lilies argent. [Recorded in the College 
of Arms.] These arms, however, do not appear to be used. Either the arms of 
Wykeham (argent, two chevronels sable between three roses gules, seeded or, 
barbed vert) or the arms of the See of Winchester impaling the arms of Wyke- 
ham appear to be made use of There is no authority for either of the last 
two versions. The Motto of the the School is " Manners Makyth Man."] 

WINDISCHE-MARK. Argent, a hat sable, turned up and stringed gules. 

WINDSOR (Berkshire). In the collections of Vincent preserved in the College 
of Arms the following coat-of-arms is quoted : — " Party per fesse argent and 
vert, issuing from the base a tower of the first, and in the fesse point a stag's 
head caboshed of the same attired gules, and between the attires an escutcheon 
of France and England quarterly." The arms as they are used differ little save 
in matters of drawing, except that the field is per fesse vert and gules. The 
illustration is of the arms as they are used. Berry frankly says the town " hath 
not any Armorial Ensign," and Burke quotes none. The following description 
of the seal is taken from the " General Armory," as efforts to obtain an impres- 
sion were not successful : — 

" Windsor, Town of (Co. Berks)— The Seal represents a castle in base, 
embattled, and surmounted with three towers, the middle tower surmounted of 
another, in the centre fess point a stag's head cabossed, betw. the attires an 
escutcheon, charged with the Arms of France and England quarterly ; on the 
dexter side of the head the letter W, and on the sinister the letter B ; on the 
verge betw. the castle in base and the attires of the stag's head the Legend, 
viz., ' Sigillum majoris burgi de Nova Windsore.' " 

WINDSOR, THE ROYAL FREE CHAPEL OF ST GEORGE. Argent, a 
cross gules, the escutcheon surrounded by the Garter. 

WINDSOR HERALD. Badge— i:\iz sun-burst proper. 

WINDWARD ISLANDS. No warrant assigning arms has been issued either to 
the Windward Islands as a whole or to any of the constituent islands, except 
the island of St Vincent, to which refer. The device published by the 
Admiralty for use on the Union flag by the Governor contains a crowned 
escutcheon quarterly gules, or, vert and azure, with the Motto " I pede fausto." 

WINDWARD ISLANDS, See of Azure, three galleys under sail, two and one 
argent, on a chief of the last a cross gules. 
[Of no authority.] 

WIRE WORKERS' COMPANY. See Tinplate Workers. 

WISBECH (Cambridgeshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents 
two saints standing in canopies (St Peter and St Paul), all within the legend, 
" Sigillum commune inhabitancium ville de Wisbiche." 

858 





WINCHESTER COLLEGE 



WINDSOR 




WINDSOR, THE ROYAL FREE CHAPEL OF 
ST GEORGE 




WINDWARD ISLANDS, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WISHAW (Lanarkshire). Has no arms, and the seal, which is not heraldic, 
represents a seated female figure of " Industry," holding in her right hand a 
sceptre and in her left a retort. 

WITNEY (Oxford). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents a Paschal 
lamb passant, and in the dexter chief a sun in splendour, and in the sinister 
fesse a crescent, all within the legend, " Sigillum commune burg et ville de 
Witney." 

WOKINGHAM (Berkshire). Has no armorial bearings. The seal represents an 
acorn slipped and leaved, with the legend " Wokingham." 

WOLVERHAMPTON, Borough of (Staffordshire). Gules, a cross formee or, 
between a pillar in the first quarter, a woolpack in the second, an open book in the 
third all argent, and in the fourth a padlock of the second. Crest — On a wreath 
of the colours, in front of a beacon sable, fired proper, two keys in saltire, wards 
upwards or. Motto — "Out of darkness cometh light." 
[Granted 31st December 1898.] 

WOLVERHAMPTON SCHOOL. Argent, a chevron gules, between three 
plummets vert. Motto — " Schol grammat wulfren hantunens." 
[Of no authority.] 

WOODMONGERS' COMPANY, London. (Incorporated 29th August 1605. 
Charter surrendered, 1668.) Gules, a sword erect argent, hilt and pommel or, 
enfiled with a ducal coronet of the last, between two flaunches of the second, 
each charged with a faggot proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a 
mount vert, thereon a grove of trees all proper, a lion issuing from the grove or. 
Supporters — (Dexter) a figure representing St John the Baptist proper, vested 
with a short coat of camel's hair belted round the waist, holding in the dexter 
hand a book open, on which are the following words, " The axe is layed to the 
root of the tree," all proper, his arms and legs naked, round his head a circle of 
glory ; (sinister) a female figure representing St Catherine, vested and habited 
all proper, on her head an Eastern crown or, resting her sinister hand on the 
wheel of her martyrdom of the last. Motto — " Unita fortior." 
[The arms and crest were granted by Camden, 1605.] 

WOODSTOCK (Oxfordshire). Gules, the stump of a tree couped and eradicated 
argent, and in chief three stags' heads caboshed of the same, all within a 
bordure of the last charged with eight oak leaves vert. Crest — Out of a ducal 
coronet or, an oak-tree proper, leaved vert. Supporters — On either side of 
the escutcheon, a savage proper, wreathed about the head and loins with oak 
leaves vert, • and holding over his exterior shoulder a club proper. Motto — 
" Ramosa cornua cervi." 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



860 





WOLVERHAMPTON SCHOOL 



WOLVERHAMPTON 




WOODSTOCK 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WOODSTOCK, the Honour and Manor of. Standard— Kzwxe, three fleurs-de- 
lis or, in a shield placed by way of inescutcheon on the cross of St George. 

[By Royal Warrant, 19th July 1722, this standard was borne at the funeral 
of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, 9th August 1722. By a further Royal 
Licence, 26th May 1817, this device was added as an augmentation to the arms 
of the Dukes of Marlborough.] 

WOOLMEN, or WOOL-PACKERS, The Worshipful Company of, London. 
Gules, a woolpack argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

WOOLWICH, Borough of (London). Has no arms. Those in use are: Argent 
three cannon paleways in fesse, each charged w' j a lion's face. Motto — " Clamant 
nostra tela in Regis querela." 
[Of no authority.] 

WOOLWICH, Bishop of. As a Suffragan he has no official arms. 

WORCESTERSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. Owing to the uncertainty 
which has existed as to the arms of the City of Worcester (to which refer), many 
variations upon the one or the other of the coats, or upon both, have been used, 
but the seal of the County Council simply exhibits the arms, " Argent, a fesse 
between three pears sable," which now appear (and more is the pity) to be 
generally accepted as the county arms — witness the labels on the Worcester- 
shire sauce bottles. 



862 




WOOLMEN, COMPANY OF 




WOOLWICH 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WORCESTER (Worcestershire). Has two distinct coats-of-arms, both of which 
are recorded in the visitation books in the College of Arms. (Visitation of 
Worcestershire, 1634.) They are described as "the antient and modern armes " 
respectively. The former being, "Quarterly sable and gules, a tower triple 
towered argent," and the latter being, " Argent, a fesse between three pears 
sable." The good people of Worcester usually release themselves from the 
difficulty of a decision between the relative claims of the two by placing the 
latter coat as a dexter canton upon the former ; but beyond long custom, 
I know of no legal authority for such a proceeding. Berry takes the bull by 
the horns and blazons the combination as the authentic coat of the city. I 
am indebted to Burke's " General Armory " for the following legend : — 

" Worcester, City of— Quarterly sa. and gu. a castle, triple-towered ar. 
These arms appear in the Visitation of 1569. A second coat was subsequently 
adopted by the City, and there is a local tradition that it was granted by 
Queen Elizabeth in allusion to a pear-tree in full fruit having been brought 
into the centre of the city (called 'The Cross'), and there replanted, at the 
time of her Majesty's visit to Worcester. No grant has been found to 
confirm this tradition, but the second coat, which is Ar. a fess betw. 
three pears sa., may nevertheless have been adopted in commemoration of the 
Queen's visit. It is engraved on Speed's Map of the County, dated 1610, and 
it appears in the Visitations of 1634 and 1682-3, where it is called the 'Modern 
Arms ' of the city, the first-named coat being described as the ' Ancient Arms.' 
The City Mottoes are — ' Florate semper fidelis civitas ' ; ' Civitas in bello in pace 
fidelis ' ; and ' Semper fidelis, mutare sperno.' " 

The seal of the city is of an architectural form, displaying no arms at all. 

WORCESTER, See of. Argent, ten torteaux, four, three, two, and one. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

Woodward states that these are the arms of Bishop Gififard (i 268-1 302), 
and they first appear as the arms of the see on the seal of Bishop Thomas 
Peverell ( 1407- 1 419). 

WORCESTER, Dean of. The arms of the see and (?) on a canton gules, the 
Blessed Virgin with the Holy Child proper. 
[Of no authority.] 

WORCESTER COLLEGE, OXFORD. (Incorporated in 17 13.) Or, two 
chevronels gules, between six martlets sable. Crest — A mural coronet or, 
therein a dexter arm in armour proper, garnished of the last, grasping a sword 
argent, hilted and pomelled or, on the arm two chevronels gules. 

[These are the arms of Sir Thomas Cookes of Bentley, Worcs., who endowed 
the College, but there is no authority for their use by the College.] 

WORKINGTON (Cumberland). Has no armorial bearings. 



864 





WORCESTER 



WORCESTER, DEAN OF 




WORCESTER, SEE OF 




WORCESTER COLLEGE, OXFORD 



3' 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WORTHING (Sussex). Has no armorial bearings. Those in use are barry wavy 
of six azure and argent, three fishes naiant in pale proper, on a chief wavy or, 
a cornucopia proper. Crest — On a wreath of the colours, a female figure in 
profile habited, holding in her hands a serpent all proper. Motto — " Ex terra 
copiam e mari salutem." 

WOTTON-BASSETT (Wiltshire). Has no armorial bearings. Burke's " General 
Armory " gives, " Gu. a chev. betw. three lozenges ar." 

WOTTON-WAWEN COLLEGE. Quarterly, ist and 4th, or, a chevron gules, 
2nd and 3rd, or, a hand proper, issuing from a maunch gules, holding a rose of 
the last, stalked and leaved vert. 
[Of no authority.] 

WREXHAM (Denbighshire). Ermine, two crosiers in saltire or, on a chief 
dancett^ per pale gules and or, two lions passant guardant counterchanged. 
Ctest — Upon a wreath of the colours, upon a mount vert, a dragon gules, resting 
the dexter claw upon a shield or, charged with the character of Mars sable. 
Motto — " Fear God, honour the King." 

[Granted by Sir Charles George Young, Knt., Garter Principal King of 
Arms; J. Piilman, Clarenceux King of Arms; Robert Laurie, Norroy King of 
Arms, 6th November 1857.] 



866 






<£I^Sb-==!:^ 





WREXHAM 



WORTHING 




WOTTON-BASSETT 




WOTTON-WAWEN COLLEGE 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WRIGHTS, Incorporated Trade (Edinburgh). Azure, a carpenter's square and 
compasses conjoined in pale argent. 

[Not matriculated in Lyon Register. Refer sub Edinburgh.] 

WRIGHTS. Refer to Stornoway, Incorporated Trades of. 

WRIGHTS AND COOPERS, The Craft and Incorporation of (Aberdeen). 
Quarterly, i. gules, a tower triple-towered argent, 2. gules, a compass or, 3. azure, 
a square or, 4. ... a wright's axe argent, slassed (? shafted) or. Motto — " Our 
Redeemer liveth for ever." [Matriculated in Lyon Register, 1682.] By Patent, 
6th April 1696, the following arms were "restored": — Quarterly: i. gules, a 
Wright's compass or, 2. azure, a coupar's axe argent, shafted or, 3. azure, a 
square or, 4. gules, a coupar's compass or; over all on an escutcheon gules, 
three towers .triple towered two and one within a double tressure flowered 
and counter-flowered argent. Mantle— Gules, doubled argent. Crest — On a 
wreath or, gules, argent and azure, an adder in circle, proper. Motto — (Over 
crest), " Our Redeemer liveth for ever." 

[Facsimile of Patent in Catalogue of Scottish Heraldic Exhibition.] 

WRITERS TO THE SIGNET (Society of Writers to His Majesty's Signet). 
Azure, a saltire argent, in the flanks two thistles or, and in chief and in base the 
Royal Signet of the Second with this inscription on the edge, " Signetum 
Regium." 

[Matriculated in Lyon Register, 15th August 1789.] 



868 





WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 



WRIGHTS (EDINBURGH) 




WRIGHTS AND COOPERS (ABERDEEN) 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

WURTEMBERG, Kingdom of. Or, three stags' attires fesseways in pale sable, 
impaling or, three lions passant in pale sable (Swabia). Supporters — (Dexter) a 
lion of the arms crowned or, (sinister) a stag or. Motto — " Furchtlos und trew." 

WURZBURG (Germany). Sable, a tilting-spear in bend thereon to the sinister, 
a banner quarterly gules and or. 

WYCOMBE (Buckinghamshire). Sable, on a mount proper, a swan argent, 
ducally gorged and chained or. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 



870 




WURTEMBURG, KINGDOM OF 





WYCOMBE 



WURZBURG 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

YARMOUTH, GREAT (Norfolk). Party per pale gules and azure, three demi-lions 
passant guardant or, conjoined to the bodies of as many herrings argent Motto 
— " Rex et nostra jura." 

This coat-of-arms (without the motto) appears in the visitation books, 
and is marked, " The usuall armes of the towne of Create Yermouthe at this 
p'sent." Another coat is also given, namely, "Party per fesse gules and azure, 
in chief three lions passant guardant in pale or, and in base three herrings 
naiant argent two and one " ; and this is described as " the owld and auncient 
armes." Berry says that the original arms, " as appears by the Seal," were 
azure three herrings in pale argent. 

YARMOUTH, LITTLE. Burke give a coat argent, a chevron between three 
seals' feet, erect and erased sable. Berry gives the coat as argent, a chevron 
between three lions' gambs, but adds a not€ that these should most probably 
be seals' feet. 

YARMOUTH (Hants), alias EREMUE. Has no armorial bearings. The seal 
represents upon waves of the sea a three-masted ship, all within the legend, 
" S. commu de Eremu." 

YEOVIL (Somersetshire). Has no armorial bearings. 

YORK (Yorkshire). Argent, on a cross gules, five lions passant guardant or. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

YORK, See of. Gules, two keys in saltire, wards upwards, argent, in chief the 
imperial crown or. Ancient arms — Azure, a crosier in pale or, surmounted 
of a pall argent fringed and ensigned with five crosses pattee fitchce of the 
second. 

[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

The coat now in use dates back to 1397-8, but the crown was formerly the 
papal tiara. 

YORK, Dean of. Azure, two keys in saltire argent between in chief a royal crown 
and in base and flanks three bezants. 
[Recorded in the College of Arms.] 

YORK. See New York, U.S.A., and refer to St Mary's, York. 

YORK HERALD. Badge— A rose argent en soleil. 

YORKSHIRE. Has no armorial bearings. The arms of the city of York formerly 
did duty when County insignia were wanted, but upon the formation of the 
County Councils for the different Ridings of the County, the West Riding 
simply assumed the design of the White Rose of York for its seal. The 
North Riding invented a coat-of-arms for theirs, namely, argent, a cross gules 
on a chief azure three roses of the field. 

872 





YORK 



YARMOUTH, GREAT 




YORK, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 

YORKSHIRE. If a joke may be pardoned by reason of its antiquity then 
certainly the time-honoured jest of the " Yorkshireman's Coat-of-Arms " 
should be here inserted. It has been sometimes drawn, but that is not its 
point. It is said to consist of " A flea, a fly, and a flitch of bacon," and to 
these are sometimes added " a magpie." 

"A flea, a fly, a magpie an' bacon flitch 

Is t'Yorksherman's Coit of Arms; 
An' t'reason they've choszen these things so rich 

Is becoss they hev all speshal charms. 
A flea will bite whoivver it can — 

An' soa, my lads, will a Yorksherman I 
A fly will sup with Dick, Tom, or Dan, — 

An' soa, by gow ! will a Yorksherman ! 
A magpie can talk for a terrible span, — 

An' so, an' all, can a Yorksherman ! 
A flitch is no gooid, who! its hung, y'ell agree,— 

No more is a Yorksherman, don't ye see ! " 

YOUGHAL (Co. Cork). Has no armorial bearings registered in Ulster's Office ; 
but the arms, " Sable, an ancient one-masted ship with sail furled," are attributed 
to the town. Is the ship intended for a " yawl " ? 

YUKON, See of. (Formerly known as Selkirk, ^.y.) Per fesse vert and argent, 
over all an open book between in fesse pine trees and in base a bear passant 
proper. 

[Of no authority.] 

ZADAR. Argent, on a mount in base in front of a high rock, thereon a castle 
triple-towered, a chevalier all proper mounted on a horse sable, the trappings 
or, carrying a standard argent, charged with a cross gules. 

ZANZIBAR AND EAST AFRICA, See of. Argent, issuing from a mount in base 
a wooden cross between two roundles, the dexter charged with the letter S, and 
the sinister charged with the letter C. 
[Of no authority.] 

ZARA, Duchy of. Argent, a mounted knight in full armour, his lance in pale, all 
proper. 



874 





YOUGHAL 



ZADAR 





ZARA, DUCHY OF 



ZANZIBAR AND EAST AFRICA, SEE OF 



THE BOOK OF PUBLIC ARMS 
ZATOR, Duchy of. Azure, an eagle displayed argent. 
ZETLAND. Has no armorial bearings. 

ZJUG, Canton (Switzerland). Argent, a fesse azure. 5?<//w'/cr— (Sinister) a 
Swiss in complete armour holding a lance all proper. 

ZULULAND is included in Natal, and has no separate arms. 

ZULULAND, See of. Sable, a wooden cross proper, on a champagne in base vert, 
an anchor or, in chief on a canton azure, an estoile argent. 
[Of no authority.] 

ZURICH (Switzerland). Per bend argent and azure. 

ZURICH, Canton (Switzerland). Per bend argent and azure. Supporter— {On 
the dexter side) a lion rampant; in his dexter paw a sword, the sinister 
supporting the shield. 



876 





ZJUG 



ZULULAND, SEE OF 




ZURICH 




ZURICH, CANTON 



PRINTED nV 

TURHBULL AND SPEARS, 

EDINBURr.H 



KEY TO COLOURED PLATE 



1 Bahamas 

2 Palestine 

3 Sarawak 

4 Nyasaland 

5 Zanzibar 

6 Gambia 

7 Hong Kong 

8 Brunei 

9 Barbados 

10 Straits Settlements 

11 Uganda 

12 British Guiana 

13 British Honduras 

14 Gold Coast 

15 Jamaica 



?wy 



II 



12 



13 



Vl4 



15 



V16 



V18 



Si^q 




16 Bermuda 

17 Nigeria 

18 Falkland Islands 

19 Ceylon 

20 St. Helena 

21 Mauritius 

22 Cyprus 

23 Fed. Malay States 



27v: 



^ 



28 



29V 



34 



33 



35 



37 



36 



30 



^'Jll 



- 38 



- 32 



24 Malta 

25 Fiji 

26 Tanganyika 

27 Gibraltar 

28 Kenya 

29 West Pacific Islands 

30 Leeward Islands 

31 Windward Islands 

32 Sierra Leone 

33 Borneo 

34 Seychelles 

35 North Rhodesia 

36 Aden 

37 Somaliland 

38 Trinidad 



Cf^io- II 



This book is a preservation photocopy. 

It is made in compliance with copyright law 

and produced on acid-free archival 

60# book weight paper 

which meets the requirements of 

ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (permanence of paper) 

Preservation photocopying and binding 

by 

Acme Bookbinding 

Charlestown, Massachusetts 



2003 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 04853 047 9