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National Library of Scotland 







XLbc TBoof^ of IRemembrance 
for ir\vee&6ale. 



(Linton Roderick.) 




Printed and Published by Allan Smyth, 

Neidpath Press. 


Peebles : 

Printed by Allan Smyth, 

Neidpath Press. 


Forty gallant Linton Lads are here coninienioratcd in t/iis the tliird 
volume of " The Book of Remenihranee for Tzveeddale." In the seventh 
century the Parish -was inehided in the independent Principality of 
Strathclydc. ruled over by Rydderich Hael. Roderick the Liberal, whose two 
sons fell in battle, and their bodies repose at Warriors' Rest, by Yarrow 
Kirk. Their toudistone, with its Latin inscription, marks the spot. Those 
two Linton Princes fitly head the Roll. 

C. B. G. 

West Linton War Memorial. 

JLbis /iDonumciit 
it? crcctc^ Ln: tbc people of 1'(Ilei?t Xintoii ipari^b 
in pl•cu^ an^ cu'atetui memorvi ot tbe men of tbe 
IPaiisI) wbo tell in tbe Great Mar, 1914*1918. 

Lt. James A. H. Fergusson, H.L.I. 

S.S. William M'Gill, 5th Dragn. Gds. 

Majr. Arthur W. Sanderson, 7th R.S. 

Lt. Eric J. Thomson, 7th R.S. 

Sc.-Lt. Francis W. Thomson, 7th R.S. 

Pte. Willm. D. Chalmers, 4th K.O.S.B. 

Pte. George Garden, Seaforth Hrs. 

Cpl. David Urquhart, 5th Camrn. Hrs. 

Pte. James Moore, 8th R.S. 

Pte. Peter Caird, lOth Gordon Hrs. 

Gnr. James Kirkhope, R.G.A. 

Pte. James D. Sutherland, 8th R.S. 

Pte. Peter Finlayson, H.L.L 

Pte. Alexander Gill, Gordon Hrs. 

Pte. James Hayton, 13th R.S. 

Pte. Alex. Wilson, 6th Gordon Hrs. 

Lc.-Cpl. Alex. Rodger, Australn. I.F. 

Pte. David H. Paterson, Lpl. Scot. 

Pte. Alex. F. Farquharson, A. & S.H. 

Pte. John Sibbald, i6th R.S. 

Pte. Adam Muir, 8th R.S. 

Lc.-Cpl. John Muir, Canadian Scot. 

Pte. William Soutar, M.G.C. 

Sc.-Lt. Douglas V. Gillespie, R.A.F. 

Pte. John Fraser, K.O.S.B. 

Pte. Robert Bruce, 2nd R.S. 

Captn. Robert Dickson, D.C.M., 7th D.L.L 

Pte. Hugh M'Gill, R.S.F. 

Pte. John C. Cunningham, P.P.C.L.I. 

Lt. David B. Halley, R.A.F. 

Lt. Colin Bruce, H.L.I. 

Pte. Francis Bell, R.S. 

" He who gives his life for King and Country 
Leaves naught undone that man can do." 

IRefoicino in tbc (lommunion of Zbv Saints, we 
bless Zbv bol\? 1Rame for all Xlbx? serrants wbo 
bav>e Departe& in tbe faitb, aii& wbo, baviiui 
accotnpltsbe& tbetr warfare, are at rest witb XTbee, 
especially for tbose i>ear to our own bearts; an& 
we i}i\K TLbcc tbanl?s for our ooo& bope in Cbrist 
tbat Xlbou wilt keep tbeni in rest an^ peace until 
our eoniinon perfecting in bliss in tbe &av? of tbe 
Glorious IResurreetion. 

3n /Iftemorv? of two Xinton XaDs, 

Iprinccs Cctiloue an& IRcnnus, 

Mbo tell in battle in tbe Serentb Centura. 






Their Tomb at Yarrow. 

1bic /Iftcmoria Ccti 
Xot IWenniq 3fu princi 

pc ct J IHuCii 

Sumnoscm Ibic 5acciit 

Jii ^umulo ®uo jfilii 


From Craig Brown's History of Selkirkshire. 

"Ibere to tbc mcmorg of Cctilous an& IWcimue, sons of 1nu^us, Dumnoniau 
Iprince an5 Emperor. Iberc lie xw tbe tomb tbe two sons of Xiberalts." 



Lieutenant J. A. HAMILTON FergUSSON. 


I. Xicutcnant 3. B. Ibainilton jfcrousson. 

1l3igblanJ> Xicibt 3nfantr\?. 

1914 — ^September 20. 

1914, September 14, was a Sunday. The battle of the Aisne began 
on 14th September and continued until 28th September. Heavy fighting 
was daily taking place around Soissons, Noyon, and Rheims. On the 
20th the Cathedral of Rheims was heavily bombarded by the Huns. On 
the 2lst the French recovered Noyon, and advanced to Lassigny. 

The first of the Linton men to fall was Lieutenant jAMES ADAM 
Hamilton FERGUSSON, of the Highland Light Infantry, in his 
23rd year, son of Sir James Ranken Fergusson, Bart, of Spitalhaugh 
and Lady Fergusson. Lieutenant Fergusson was killed at the 
battle of the Aisne, on Sunday, 20th September 1914. 

Information of the sad event was conveyed to Sir James 
Fergusson at Spitalhaugh, on 24th October, by telegram from the 
War Office, with Lord Kitchener's sympathy. Next day he also 
received a kind and gracious telegram of sympathy from the King 
and Queen. 

Colonel Wolfe Murray wrote: — "I daresay before this reaches you 
you will have heard that poor Hamilton was killed in the trenches by 
a rifle bullet in the head. Lieutenant O'Connell, Royal Army Medical 
Corps, our Medical Officer, most gallantly went to his assistance under 
a heavy fire and was himself shot dead. From what I hear, 
however, there was no hope from the first, and he (Hamilton) died 
shortly afterwards. I cannot tell you how grieved I am, and we all 
are, at his loss. It was only the day before that his Company 
commander. Captain Gaussen — who is slightly wounded — told me how 
plucky and cool he always was under fire, and I myself have seen it. 
We buried him in the evening, with O'Connell and another brother- 
officer, young Mackenzie. We have now had five subalterns killed — 
Sir Archibald Gibson Craig, Mackenzie, Powell, Macdonald, and 
Hamilton, and five others wounded, four slightly. I feel it all too 
much to write more. I can only say that 710 one was more popular, 
and no one will be more missed than your boy. He was a general 
favourite with officers and men, and showed promise of being a 
splendid officer." 

Captain Gaussen wrote : — " I know letters don't do much good at a 
time like this, but I was with your boy almost at the end, and so 
thought you would like to hear from me. Also I loved him too. All 
through the war he had done so well, and was always so cheery, that 


1 had got to look on him as my right-hand man. He never seemed to 
be too tired to do more than his share of work, and I really don't 
know how I will get on without him. The last week the Company 
had been holding a hill under very heavy fire, and we were all 
thrown together a great deal, but he never seemed to mind anything. 
On the night of the 19th we were sent forward to back a trench held 
by another regiment. We waited till about 6 A.M. on the 20th, and 
then, as nothing out of the usual seemed to be happening, were 
withdrawn round the hill. About 7.30 we heard the other regiment 
had left the trench and were told to get up to it again. The shortest 
way was across about 500 yards of open, so I asked your boy to go 
direct, which he did in most gallant style. He got into the trench 
and was working his men just as coolly as if he were on parade at 
Aldershot, the enemy being about 400 yards away. He had just 
pointed out to me that the Germans were bringing up more ammunition 
when they hit him in the head. He was quite unconscious, and I do 
not think he suffered at all. After I was hit I had to crawl past 
him, and he looked quite happy and peaceable. The doctor tried to 
get to him in case there was anything that could be done, but he, too, 
was killed as soon as he got there. They both died like the very 
gallant gentlemen they were. I had twice brought your boy's work 
to the Commanding Officer's notice as extra good, and he would have 
done very well had he been left to us. I believe he was buried with 
the other boys who dropped that week, either in the cemetery or near 
the Chateau in the village of Verneuil, about 12 miles east of Soissons." 
In West Linton Parish Church, on Sunday, 4th October, the Rev. 
S. M'Lintock, at the close of his sermon on "Life and Immortality in 
union with Christ," said: — "There has fallen at the post of duty, in the 
protracted and great battle still raging at Aisne, a gallant and noble 
young officer, Lieutenant James Adam Hamilton Fergusson, of the 
Highland Light Infantry, son of Sir James and Lady Fergusson of 
Spitalhaugh, and scion of the family of an honourable house in the 
county. He was known to many from his childhood, bearing the 
name of a blameless life, the repute of a sterling character, and the 
honour of a heroic soldier. He acquitted himself well at school and at 
Sandhurst, and was popular with his brother officers and the men of his 
Company and Regiment. His officer in command wrote eulogistically 
of his courage and bravery at Mons, which will remain a cherished 
treasure to his parents, family, and friends. His was a short but 
honourable career, being only in his 23rd year, and his death was a 
noble sacrifice for the highest welfare of his native land, the honour 
of his King and country, and the blessing of mankind. His name 
will be engraven on the Roll of Honour of his country, and held in 
icincnihraiu-c in the annals of this tragic war. With ids jiarents, 


their family, and other relatives, we would share in sympathy their 
irreparable loss, and earnestly pray that the God of all comfort and 
grace will sustain and comfort them in their day of sad mourning. 
Strange it is that God in His Providence should lead us through such 
dark days as we are now passing and experiencing, and that so many 
should have to bear such pain, suffering, sorrow: and yet it is not 
altogether so, for the darkest hour precedes the dawn of a brighter 
dajf, and so is it with the trials and sorrows of this life. 

"If we could see! if we could know! 

We often say! 
But God in love a veil doth throw 

Across our way. 
We cannot see what lies before, 
And so we cling to Him the more; 
He leads us till this life is o'er! 

Trust and obey." 


Shoeing-Smith WILLIAM M'GlLL. 


2. Sbocino^Siiiitb Milliain flD'(5iIl. 

5tb Dragoon (SuarDs. 

1914 — November 16. 

1914, November 16. — This was a Monday. From the 14th November 
the battles around the Yser and Ypres were dying down. On the 15th 
the last serious attack by the Germans, made by the Prussian Guards, 
was beaten off. On the l6th rains and floods put a term to the 
struggles on the Yser; the Germans failed to cross the Aisne; the 
fighting was dying down, and the end of the first battle of Ypres 
came on the I/th. Stationary warfare became the rule now. 

William M'Gill was the eldest son of Mr William M'Gill, of 
Habbie's Howe Hotel, Carlops, where his parents have resided for 
many years. He was born at Lungla, Sylhet, Assam, and came to 
Carlops in 1891 with his parents. He was an apprentice blacksmith 
with Mr William Johnston, West Linton, and joined the 1st Dragoon 
Guards when a youth of 18, serving in England and India. He was 
afterwards transferred to the Reserve, and was called up on the 
outbreak of war. He crossed over to France with the first of the 
Forces, and was killed at Ypres on the l6th November 1914, aged 2"] 

His brother, Robert Huth, was fated to fall on the 18th July 1918. 



Private DUNCAN N. Brown. 


3. private IDuncan 1R. Brown. 

australian imperial jforce. 

1915 — April 25. 

Duncan Napier Brown was the third son of Mr Allan Macdonell 
Brown and his wife, Agnes Macdonald, of Kingsburgh Cottage, 
Moerell, New South Wales, and a grandson of the late Mr Hugh 
Horatio Brown of Newhall and Carlops. He greatly distinguished 
himself as an athlete — in football, gymnastics, ju-jitsu, rifle shooting, 
&c. Immediately after the outbreak of war he joined the 1st Infantry 
Brigade of the Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force, and took part 
in the landing at Gallipoli, on Sunday the 25th April 1915. He was 
wounded in the arm about 8 A.M., but continued fighting till mid-day, 
when a bullet killed him instantaneously. This battle was fought on 
a Sunday and Monday, at Cape Helles. He fell on Sunday. 

'A\KifJ.O}V ff dipiO'TOK XeiSri, Tr/JlirOC OUKTtipU} (f>i\wv. 

ciXecras 8" yijiv"- (JM''"'^'' Trarpidoi i'SovXrjiijv. — Aiiacieon. 

(First of my hero friends I mourn thee, Aristocleides; 

Thou hast given the flower of thy youth to shield thy land from the tyrant.) 


Midshipman J. R. Heruman Faed. 


4. nl^i^6bipnlan 3. 1Ronal^ 1bcr6inan Jfac^. 

11316 /lba]cstv'» Ship "tSoliatb." 

1915— May 12. 

James Ronald HerdmaN Faed was born in London on the 29th 
May 1899, and was the eldest son of Mr James Faed, jun., artist, 38 
Abbey Road, London, N.W., and Medwynhead. He was educated at 
The Hall, Ovingdean, Brighton, and entered the Royal Naval College, 
Osborne, in May 1912, being transferred to Dartmouth College two 
years later. 

On the outbreak of war, in August 1914, he was appointed Naval 
Cadet to the battleship Goliath, and was promoted Midshipman on the 
27th of that month. Midshipman Faed took part in the blockade of 
the German cruiser Kouigsberg on the Runfijii River, German East 
Africa, in October 1914, and in the operations at Dar-es-Salaam in the 
following October. He lost his life on Thursday the I2th May 191 5. 
when the Goliath was torpedoed and sunk in a destroyer attack in the 
Dardanelles, and was buried at sea off Cape Helles from His Majesty's 
ship Euryaliis. 

Letter from Sub-Lieutenant Philip van der Byl, H.M.S. Goliath: — 
"I am sure it will be some comfort to you to hear how much we all 
loved your son in the Goliath, and how much we miss him. I was 
Sub-Lieutenant of the Mess, and had only been in the ship about two 
months, but during that time I saw a great deal of him, and got to 
love him very much. He was the life and soul of the gunroom, and 
always most cheerful and optimistic. His best friend was Macleod, 
who also was drowned. They always used to go ashore together and 
buy curios for you. He really was a charming boy, loved by all 
who knew him. On the night we were sunk he was sleeping 
outside my cabin, and I saw him when I turned out. He had got 
his safety waistcoat on, and was going quietly up the ladder on 
to quarter-deck. He seemed as cheerful as usual, and perfectly cool. 
When I got on to deck a few seconds later he was just going- 
over the port side with two other 'snotties.' That was the last 
I saw of him, and I shall never forget his cheery little face 
absolutely as full of confidence and calm assurance as it could 
be. He was picked up unconscious by one of the Euryaliis boats, 
and died on board, and was buried at sea early the same morning. 
Poor boy! I hoped and prayed he might have been saved, and we 
were all miserable when we heard he had gone too. He was an 
absolute 'white man,' the best and finest of us all, and everybody 
respected him for it. It is always the good who die young." 


Major Arihur Sanderson. 


5. flDajor artbur San^cr9on. 

1RoBa[ Scots. 

I9i5~june 28. 

1915, June 28. — This was a Monday. On the day previous the 
British had carried four Turkish lines near Krithia; and on the 28th 
June the British attacked Achi Baba. On the 29th the Turkish counter- 
attacks were repulsed with heavy loss, and on the 30th the French 
captured six lines of Turkish trenches. 

Three officers fell on this day, each with a Linton and Leith 
connection — -Major Sanderson, Lieutenant Thomson, and Second- 
Lieutenant Thomson. 

Major Arthur Sanderson served in the Leith Volunteer Battalion 
(5th Royal Scots) in 1895, and thereafter in the Territorial Battalion 
(7th Royal Scots). He received the Long Service Medal. On the 
outbreak of war Major Sanderson volunteered for foreign service, and 
left for Gallipoli on the 22nd May 1915. The 7th Royal Scots arrived 
at Gallipoli on the 13th June, and Major Sanderson fell in action 
on the 28th June. 

The service in the Parish Church of West Linton on the llth July 
1915 was of the nature of a memorial one, when the Rev. S. 
M'Lintock, at the close of his sermon on "The Tears of Jesus," paid 
the following tribute to the memory of Major Arthur Sanderson: — 
" Our thoughts have been led into this channel to-day through the 
sorrow which has visited so many homes of heroic Royal Scots, who 
have fallen in that terrible struggle and memorable battle at the 
Dardanelles. Some of these gallant officers and brave rank and file 
are known to many of us, and others of them are related in tender 
ties to those whom we highly esteem and respect. Major Arthur 
Watson Sanderson, 7th Royal Scots, was amongst these, and was 
as well known here as in Leith, and as highly honoured. He was 
naturally a military man, born with the spirit of the soldier, which 
was shewn in his receiving the Long Service Medal from the King, 
and in his great interest in the men and work of his Battalion. His 
was a kindly disposition, of upright character, and noble life, and his 
end was in harmony with it — a service of loyalty to his King and 
country, and to the cause of righteousness, truth, and liberty. To his 
sorrowing widow and little children, and his revered mother and 
family, in their days of great loss and mourning, our hearts go out in 
sincere sympathy, and in the prayer that God may sustain and 
comfort them." 



Lieutenant ERIC J. THOMSON. 


6. Xicutcnant lEric 3ainc6 ^bomson. 

7tb IRogal Scots. 

1915 — June 28. 

191 5, June 28. — On the 27th of June the British carried four Turkish 
lines near Krithia ; and on Monday the 28th the British attacked Achi 
Baba. On the following day the Turks counter-attacked, and were 
repulsed with heavy loss. On the 30th the French captured six lines of 
Turkish trenches. By the 1st of July the Turkish offensive had failed, 
after days of fierce fighting. 

Eric James Thomson received a commission as Second-Lieutenant 
in the 7th Battalion Royal Scots in April 1914, and was promoted 
Lieutenant in August 1914. He was educated at Edinburgh Academy, 
and was serving an apprenticeship as chartered accountant with 
Messrs A. & J. Robertson, C.A., Edinburgh, when war broke out. He 
went abroad with the Battalion to Gallipoli, and was killed on 28th 
June 1915, aged 22. 

He was an ofificer of great promise, of honourable character, and 
highly esteemed by all in the Battalion. 

His brother, Second-Lieutenant Francis Thomson, also of the 7th 
Royal Scots, fell in the same battle. 



Second-Lieutenant FRANCIS W. THOMSON. 


7- Sccon^*Xicu tenant jfrancie Misbart (Ihonison. 

7tb TRo^al Scots. 

1915-^Jiiiie 28. 

Francis WiSHART Thomson received his commission as Second- 
Lieutenant in the /th Battalion Royal Scots in August 1914. He was 
educated at Edinburgh Academy and University College, Oxford, 
leaving the latter in June 1914. He landed with his Battalion in 
Gallipoli about the middle of June 1915, and was killed in action, 
along with his i)rother, on Monday the 28th of that month, aged 24. 

Like his brother, Second-Lieutenant Thomson was a popular 
officer in the 7th (Leith) Battalion of the Royal Scots, and his death 
was sincerely mourned by ofificers and men. 


l\-iv,;te William D. Chalmers. 


8. private IimiUiani H). Cbalmcrs. 

IRiiuTs ©\vn Scottisb .ISorCicvcvs. 
i9i5~JLily 12. ' 

On Monday, I2th July 1915, the Turkish trenches before Achi Baba 
were captured. On the 4th July heavy attacks by the Turks against 
the Naval and 29th Divisions had been repulsed. 

William D. Chalmers was born at Terregles, Dumfriesshire, on the 
24th December 1893. He was the youngest son of Mr Alexander 
Chalmers, gardener there, and afterwards gardener at Garvald, 
Dolphinton. He joined the l/4th King's Own Scottish Borderers 
early in November 1914. He was trained at Galashiels and 
Cambusnethan, and left with his Battalion for Gallipoli in May I9I5- 
His period of active service was short, but he passed through some 
of those memorable days when all the world watched Sir Ian 
Hamilton's gallant lads trying to wrest Gallipoli from the Turk. He 
was reported missing, with many of his comrades, on the 1 2th July 
1915, and the presumption is that he died on that clay. The few 
letters that came from him from Gallipoli were bright and full of 
hope. When he joined the Army he was a gardener (outside 
foreman), with the Hon. Mrs Askew Robertson, Ladykirk. He was 
a keen cricketer, and in particular a successful batsman. He used to 
play for Coldstream Cricket Club. He was also a very good long- 
distance runner, and was first for the mile on several big occasions. 
A very likeable fellow, he was a favourite wherever he went. His 
two brothers, Robert and Alexander, both in the Army Service Corps 
(Motor Transport) from an early period in the war, came safely through. 
The Rev. D. C. Wiseman, M.A., Kirkurd United Free Church, 
in referring to the death of Private Chalmers, said: — "His parents, 
after many anxious months, when hope a thousand times did 
bloom and fade, were officially informed that they must account him 
dead. A quiet, bright, most loveable lad, those who knew him 
best know that he was of that illustrious company who both lived 
well and nobly died. Walking round my garden in the spring before 
he went overseas, his trained gardener's eye rejoiced in things 
'coming again' at the call of the spring-time warmth. It is so in 
the garden of the Lord. Dave Welsh* and Willie Chalmers I 
There is hope for such as these. Cut down, they shall sprout again. 
The tender branch of their life has not ceased. The lads are not 
dead, but sleep until He comes again Whom they served and 
followed, and will receive them unto Himself, that where He is 
there they may be also." 

*A member of Kirkurd United Free Church, who was wounded in France, and died 
in Leicester Road Hospital, Manchester, on the 14th August 1916. 


Private George Gardkn. 


9- private 6coroc Garben. 

Scatoitb lbiciblanDci'6. 

1915 — September 25, 

George Garden, Rutherford Mains Farm, West Linton, was a 
student at Edinburgh and East of Scotland College of Agriculture 
when war broke out. A month later, on the 4th September 1914, 
he joined up, enlisting in the Scots Greys. Later he was transferred 
to the Seaforth Highlanders, and was serving with that regiment in 
France when he was killed at the battle of Loos, on Saturday 
the 25th September 191 5, at the age of 20 years, along with Corporal 
Urquhart, from his father's estate of Rutherford. . , 



Corporal David Urquhart. 


10. Corporal H)a\n^ lllrquhart 

5tb Cameron H^iciblanDcis. 

1915 — September 25. 

David URQUHART was employed on the farm of Rutherford Mains 
when war broke out, and joined the Cameron Highlanders on the llth 
August 1914. He went to France on /th April 1915, and was at first 
reported missing at the battle of Loos, on the 25th September 1915. 
Some time after the authorities reported that it was assumed he 
had been killed. He was a nice obliging lad, and was much liked 
by his fellow-workers on the farm. He fell in battle, as oft occurred 
in days of old, along with the son of his master. 


Private William Barr. 


II. IPrivatc llTlilliain Ban. 

ai^Bll anC» SutbcilaiiD ilJiciblaiiDcrg. 

1916— July 15. 

William BARR enlisted at Lanark on the 31st May 1915; he joined 
up on the 7th June, and proceeded to Stirling. Thence he left for St 
Budeaux, Plymouth, on the following day, and his further training 
was undergone in the south of England, at Dettingen Barracks, 
Blackdown Camp, Farnborough; at Witley Camp, Milford, Surrey; and 
at Aldershot. He left for France about the 7th of June 1916. 
Previous to enlistment, William Barr was a ploughman with Mr D. 
Robb, at Upper Haywood farm. He was in the 14th Service Battalion 
of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. His commanding officer 
wrote that he performed his duty like a man from the day he joined; 
and finally made the great sacrifice in this terrible war for right 
against might. His body was buried in a beautifully simple cemetery 
not far from the place where he fell, on Sunday the l6th July 1916; 
it is South Meroc Cemetery, two and three-quarter miles south of 
Vermelles. The British completed the capture of Ovillers on that 
day. His age was but 19 years, Q months, and 9 days. He was a 
son of Mr and Mrs William Barr, Loanfoot Cottage, Skirling, Biggar, 
and was born at Hyndfordwells, West Linton. 

Lieutenant-Colonel George Gunn wrote that he was ever a good 
and brave soldier and a good comrade, and that he met his death 
bravely facing our country's enemies. 

The Chaplain wrote: — "The sacrifice seems so great, but there 
remains to us the joy of their service and the privilege of their death. 
When you come to think of it, it is a great privilege and honour — 
'Greater love hath no man than this.' These were the words of 
Christ, and I repeated them over his grave, and God has thought him 
worthy of something of the same sacrifice with Christ." 


Private James Moore. 


12. private 3aniC5 nooore. 

Stb 1Ro\ial Scots. 

1916— August 4. 

On the 3rd August there was a British success near Bazentin. On 
Friday the 4th there was much fighting round Pozieres which advanced 
our line. On the 5th we advanced further and penetrated the German 

James Moore was originally a private in the West Linton 
Territorials, and coachman to the Misses Fergusson, Broomlee House. 
He was mobilised with his unit, and for two years was groom at 
Holyrood to the Brigadier. In July 1916 he was sent to France, and 
in August was reported missing. He was a first-rate servant, and a 
great favourite with everyone; and the hope was long cherished that 
he would turn up some day. 

"I am sorry to inform you that Private James Moore, of the Royal 
Scots, is dead. He was killed alongside of me on that morning that 
I was wounded and captured. When we made the attack, he went 
over the top with me, we both got wounded half-way over to the 
German trench, and when lying there he was blown to atoms with a 
shell. This accounts for nothing having been heard of him. It was 
a terrible end for a young man in the best of health; but somebody 
had to die to save us all from slavery. What I write I know to be 
absolute fact, as I got pieces of the shell that killed him in my back." 
■ — From a letter by Private James C. Tait, Hopecarto)i, Brougliton. 



Private Pkier CairD. 


13. private Ipctcr Cairb. 

S/lOtb .iBattalion, ©or5on Ibiiiblanbcre. 

1916 — September 17. 

1916, September 17. — On this Sunday the French attacked and 
captured Vermandovillers and Berny. Deniecourt was surrounded and 
the German reserves cut up, many prisoners being taken. On the day 
previous, near Courcelette, the British front was advanced lOOO yards, 
the Danube trench was taken, and Mouquet farm (Thiepval) was 

Private Peter Cairo fell at the battle of the Somme on the above 
date. He was a brother of Mr James Caird, merchant, West Linton, 
and was engaged in his brother's business. 

"As his platoon commander I feel his loss keenly. He proved 
himself a brave and good soldier, willing and cheerful, and during 
that heaviest of enemy bombardments he took things calmly and 
cheerfully. I was by his side almost immediately after he was 
struck, but although we did everything possible for him, his wounds, 
coupled with shell-shock, soon ended his young life. He was a good 
comrade, and his fellow-soldiers miss him greatly." 

In West Linton Parish Church, the Rev. S. M'Lintock, preaching 
on "The Incorruptible Crown," paid the following tribute to the 
memory of Private Caird: — "During the past months and the last week 
we have heard of sufferings through wounds of a number of our brave 
lads, and in the course of the past few days there has arrived the 
still sadder news of the death of Private Peter Caird, of the Gordon 
Highlanders. He was well known to many of us here as assistant in 
the business of his respected brother, and was highly esteemed by 
those who knew him as a young man of kindly disposition, good 
character, and diligent in business. His commanding officer wrote 
that they had gained considerable ground on the I/th September, 
and in the evening occupied their new front line amid hot 
and heavy firing, all in good spirits as usual, and all going 
well, when a most frightful bombardment on their trenches took 
place. This lasted for hours, and during the ordeal, another young 
and brave soldier gave up his life for King and country. Private 
Peter Caird has made the supreme sacrifice for the glory of God, the 
honour of his King and country, and the cause of righteousness, 
justice, truth, and liberty. His life has been given in the spirit of 
Christ that he might gain, not a corruptible, but an incorruptible and 
eternal crown. We share in heartfelt sympathy the proud sorrow of 
his brothers, sisters, relatives, and friends." 





14. (Bunncr 3Hine6 Ikirhbope. 

IRoval 6arri6on artillery. 

1916 — September 27, 

On Monday, 25th September, the British advanced between Combles 
and Martinpuiche. Morval was taken. On the 26th, Combles and 
Thiepval were taken. On the 27th, the British advanced near Flers. 

On Wednesday, 27th September 1916, Gimner JAMES KiRKHOPE, third 
son of Mr Robert Kirkhope, Carlops, was killed by a shell. As this 
young man had had his home in Carlops from his earliest days 
he was known to the whole community, and was much respected by 
all. Great sympathy was felt in the district for his family, which 
gave two of its available members to the war. 

The Rev. W. F. Bruce, United Free Church, Carlops, made reference 
to the sad event as follows: — "You will have noticed from the 
order in which I have read the Roll of Honour to-day a change. Now 
there stand at the head of it in the list of those killed in action four 
instead of three. In this quiet little village, nestling among the silent 
hills, we seemed far removed from all the strife of nations and the 
holocaust that it demands. Yet into our midst once more has come 
the black dreaded messenger of war, with the tidings that James 
Kirkhope, of the Royal Garrison Artillery, has fallen in action, killed by 
a shell along witia eleven others. A quiet, decent-living lad, reared 
in this place, we all knew him and respected him. He had chosen 
his career in life, and in manly vigour had set himself to carry it 
out. But the trumpet of war sounded, and like so many others he 
followed it. He went up the village street, leaving behind him home, 
parents, brothers, and sister, facing his duty; but nevermore to return 
to those who sent him forth. And there are sad hearts in our village 
to-day, and all because of human pride and ambition that has known 
no restraint of morality, but has set multitudes to killing each other. 
Our sympathies go out to that saddened home, to his parents, who 
feel so keenly the blow dreaded as a possible thing, now a sad 
certainty; to his brothers and sister, and specially to that brother 
on military service before the same cruel enemy. And we shall 
remember James Kirkhope as one who made for us the supreme 
sacrifice, for 'Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay 
down his life for his friends.' And as long as this Roll of Honour 
of Carlops exists, his name will stand there in honourable mention as 
a soldier of Britain fallen in his country's defence." 




15- private 3aiitc5 2). Sutherlan^. 

1biciblanC> XiciLtt ^ntantrg. 

1916— October 26. 

James D. Sutherland was a grandson of the late Mr James 
Gilchrist, farmer, Haughead, Dolphinton. He joined His Majesty's 
Forces in October 1914, and after a period of training for two years 
in this country was sent to France in August 1916, being then 
transferred into the Highland Light Infantry. He was in action with 
the first attack of the Tanks on the Somme frontier, and was killed 
on Thursday, 26th October 1916. He was 20 years of age. The 
British had captured strong positions near Thiepval. 


Privatt; Peter Finlayson. 


i6. private peter jfinla^son. 

IbiciblanC" Xicibt ^nfantre. 

1916.— November 18. 

* 1916, November 18. — This was a Saturday. The British advanced 

north and south of the Ancre, and reached the outskirts of Grandcourt. 
On the 17th the battle of the Somme had ended. 

A WAVE of sorrow passed over West Linton vi^hen there came the sad 
news that Private PETER FiNLAYSON, of the Highland Light Infantry, 
had been killed in France on the l8th November 1916. He was 
truly a Linton lad, born there 22 years before, baptised by Rev. 
S. M'Lintock, and admitted to the membership of Linton Parish 

His officer wrote that he died like a hero, and spoke of him as 
a fine fellow, popular with his comrades, smart and trim on and off 
parade, and now at rest in the grave of a soldier. 

The following reference to Private Finlayson was made in the 
Parish Church by Rev. S. M'Lintock: — "As known to us he was 
highly esteemed, bearing a good character, a devoted son of worthy 
parents, and a true brother to his sisters and brother. With his invalid 
father, his mother, and the members of his family in their great loss 
and sorrow we deeply sympathise, and our earnest prayer is that the 
Holy Spirit, the Comforter, may sustain and comfort them. Much 
have they to comfort them in dear memories, and in the fact that 
their brave son made the supreme sacrifice for the glory of God, the 
honour of his King and country, and the cause of righteousness 
justice, truth, and liberty. We, too, have to revere his memory, and 
to thank God for him, and all like him, who by their heroic and 
sacrificing efforts, have kept the base enemy from our shores and our 
homes secure." 



Private ALEXANDER Gill. 


17- private alcyan^cr (Bill. 

l6t (BorDoii Ibiflblan&ers. 
1917 — April 4. 

Wednesday, 2Xst March. — This day the British advanced south-east 
and east of Peronne, and occupied forty more villages approaching St 
Quentin. Progress toward Cambrai continued. On the day following 
there was an increase of the enemy resistance from west of St Quentin 
to south of Arras. 

In civilian life ALEXANDER GiLL was a gardener, but in February 
1902 he left Dalmeny Gardens and enlisted in the 1st Gordon 
Highlanders. He was drafted out to India in November of the same 
year, serving there for ten years with the 2nd Gordons, and finishing 
the remainder of his twelve years with the colours in Britain. On 
his discharge in 1914 he joined the staff of the Post Office at West 
Linton, where he served for about six months. When he was called 
up on the outbreak of war he was sent out to France in September to 
join the 1st Gordon Highlanders, and took part in the scraps and 
trench fighting round about Ypres. He was sent home with a 
poisoned hand in the spring of 1915, but was again sent out to 
France in the spring of 1916, serving in various capacities. He was 
seriously wounded at Arras on the 2lst March 1917, by gunshot 
wounds in the neck and thigh, from which he died in hospital at 
Camiers on Wednesday the 4th April, aged 36 years. His body was 
buried at Etaples. 



Private JAMES T. Hayton. 


18. private 3ame6 Z, Iba^ton. 

IRogal Scots. 

1917— April 9. ■ 

1917, April 9. — This Monday was the day of the first battle of 
Arras. The British advanced on a fifteen mile front between Lens and 
Arras. The British Canadians captured Vimy Ridge, with 6000 
prisoners, taking five villages also. On the Bapaume-Cambrai road the 
British took Deniecourt and Havrincourt Wood ; and north of St 
Quentin, Fresnoy-le-Petit, Pontru, and Le Vergnier. On the lOth the 
British completed the capture of Vimy Ridge, and occupied Farbas, 
north-east of Arras, and Fampaux, four miles east of Arras. They 
reached the outskirts of Monchy-le-Preux, and captured Louveval, the 
former falling the next day. 

The sad news was brought to Mr and Mrs Hayton, Brownsland, 
Stobo, that their son, Private jAMES Tennant HAYTON, Royal Scots, 
had been killed in action on the 9th April 1917. Much sympathy 
was felt in the district for them in their bereavement. As a pupil 
of Lyne School, James Hayton was quiet, diligent, and faithful, and 
afterwards showed the same traits of character in his life and work 
as a mole and rabbit catcher. He left a wife and two children, 
who lived in West Linton. Private Hayton enlisted at West Linton 
after the outbreak of war. He was born at Sheriffmuir, Stobo, in 
1891, and was aged 26 years. 




19. Scrocant (Bcoroc a^^c^0on. 

TRogal Scots. 

1917 — April 23. 

1917, April 23 (Monday). — The British advanced north and south 
of the Scarpe on a front of 12,000 yards. They completed the capture 
of Trescault and the greater part of Havrincourt Wood. Gavrelle, 
Guemappe, and the German positions for two and a half miles further 
south were captured. This was the beginning of the second phase of 
the battle of Arras. 

Official notice reached Mr and Mrs Anderson, Stoneyknowe. 
Newlands, of tlie death of their eldest son. Sergeant GEORGE 
Anderson, Royal Scots, who was killed in action in France on the 
23rd April 1917. The sad news caused quite a gloom in and around 
Sergeant Anderson's home, where he was well known as a thoroughly 
steady and respectable lad. Before joining the colours the deceased 
was in the employment of the County Council. He rallied to his 
country's call for men on the 7th September 1914, and had been on 
active service in France since the 2nd July 1915. Sergeant Anderson 
was in his 23rd year. 

The Chaplain of Sergeant Anderson's Battalion wrote to his 
parents: — "You will doubtless have received from the War Office the 
sad news of the death of your son, and on behalf of the officers and 
men of this Battalion I now write to express our sincerest sympathy 
with you in the great sorrow that has entered your home. On the 
morning of the 23rd of April Sergeant Anderson went into action 
with his Company. The battle was particularly fierce at the time, 
and the machine gun fire of the enemy was doing great damage to 
our ranks. I understand that he fell while urging his men forward, 
and died instantaneously. I was not with the Battalion at that time, and 
so did not see him, but I know he will be buried on the battlefield, 
probably quite near to the spot where he fell. He was a man who 
was much respected by all who knew him here. A good soldier and 
comrade, he was ever ready to answer the call of duty, and I believe 
willingly laid down his life in the great cause in which he was so 
nobly serving. That God will strengthen and comfort you in your 
great sorrow is my sincere and earnest prayer." 





20. private alCJ:an^cr Mil5on. 

1917— April 23. 

Our reports show that on Monday the 23rd April 1917, the 6th Gordon 
Highlanders made an attack at- the chemical works at Rouex, near 
Arras. They advanced in extended order towards the German first 
line trenches. The men were in a hollow, with a slight rise up to the 
enemy position, which was about 900 yards away. They had to cross 
a sunken road, and eventually fought their way into the chemical works, 
but were pushed out again, and had to retire a short distance. This 
was a position that three other Battalions had failed to take, and the 
Gordons got terribly cut up by machine gun fire. 

Another lad from West Linton district fell on the same day as 
Sergeant George Anderson, viz., Private ALEXANDER WiLSON. He 
was the second son of Mr Thomas Wilson, Cameron Cottages, West 
Linton. Before enlistment he was underkeeper at Ancrum House, 
Ancrum. He was married, and his wife resided at Manor Hill, Kelso. 



Lance-Corporal Alexander Rodger. 


21. Xancc^^Corporal BIcyanbcr IRobacr. 

Bustralian imperial jforccs (42nD (Siwcciislan& JSattalion). 
19 1 7 — June 10. 

1917, Sunday, June 10.— The battle of Messines had begun on 7th June. 
The British captured Messines-Wytschaete Ridge after the explosion of 
nineteen mines. A front of nine miles was stormed, and 6400 prisoners 
taken. On the 8th we repulsed German attacks east of Messines. On 
the lOth we gained more ground in the Messines region. On the days 
following, we continued to make good progress. 

Lance-Corporal Alexander Rodger was a native of West Linton, 
and was educated at the Public School there. He was a very 
brilliant scholar of Mr Robert Millar, and later on of Mr James 
Hunter Craig, M.A. After leaving school he attended Skerry's Civil 
Service Classes in Edinburgh, and was successful in winning the first 
place in the Second Division Men Clerks' Examination. He then 
obtained a post in London, which he held for several years. When 
his brothers left Scotland about 1907 for Sydney, Australia, Alexander 
went with them. His brother, Mr John Rodger, carried his love for 
Linton to his Australian home, for he called his house in Myle Street, 
Lakemba, New South Wales, " Linton." On the outbreak of war, 
Alexander enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces, and came to the 
Western Front with the Australian contingent in T916. 

"He was killed in the next bay to me, and is buried in the 
north-end of the cemetery on Bethlehem Farm, close to the ruins of 
what was Messines. His grave should be readily identified, if the 
shelling, which has been intense in that sector, has not already 
obliterated it. We were fair friends since leaving Australia, and I 
was very sorry when the poor fellow went under. One good thing to 
know is that he suffered no pain, for he never regained consciousness, 
and only lived about twenty minutes after being hit." — Letter from 
Private Jack Doyle. 

"At Bethlehem Farm, on the right of Messines, about the date 
named, he was killed in the next bay to me. We were holding a 
strong point in supports under heavy shell-fire at the time. I heard 
the shell land, and our Sergeant Crail, of C Company, 9th Platoon, 
went round at once and came back with the news that Rodger was 
killed. I saw his body within half-an-hour, and saw him buried at 
Bethlehem Farm, just near a small wood half way between Warrington 
and Messines. Bethlehem Farm is just on the right of Messines after 
crossing the ridge. The memorial had not been put up when I left. 
He came over with me in the ' Borda,' leaving Sydney on 5th June 
1916."— (?. T. Thomas, No. 1809. 



Private David H. Paterson. 


22. private H)a\n^ lb. patcreon. 

Xivcrpool Scottisb. 

1917— June 29. ■ 

1917, Friday, June 29. — For some days there had been a continued 
British advance south of the Souchez river. We had occupied La 
Coulotte; and also German positions near Oppy. On Friday the 29th 
vs^e continued to advance south of the river Souchez, and entered 

Private David H. Paterson was the second son of Mr David 
Paterson, merchant, West Linton, and was the Liverpool representative 
of the firm of Messrs C. & T. Harris, Wiltshire. He was married, and 
left a little daughter. He joined the Liverpool Scottish in December 

1916, and after three months' training went to France. On 2Qth June 

1917, he was killed, during a daylight raid on the enemy, and his 
Captain in writing to Private- Paterson's wife, said — "He died bravely, 
doing his duty to the end." He was killed at Armentieres and was 
buried at Erciuengham. 

The Rev. S. M'Lintock, on the Sunday following the intimation of 
Private Paterson's death, said at the service in the Parish Church 
that he was educated at West Linton Public School, was a scholar 
in the Parish Church Sabbath School, a member of the Church 
and choir, and, although some years had passed since he left, 
he was held in kindly remembrance for his genial disposition, his 
good character, and his business capabilities. The Chaplain of his 
Battalion spoke of him in kindly terms as held in high esteem by his 
officers and comrades, and told of the touching burial scene in the 
silent churchyard near where he fell. His memory will be enshrined 
not only in the hearts of those who loved him, but in the annals of 
those who died for the cause of righteousness, justice, truth, and 
liberty. To him, as to the Christian heroes of all times, the words 
of the Master were applicable — "Greater love hath no man than 
this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." 


Ship Steward Robert R. Ochiltree. 


23. Ship Ste\var^ IRobcrt 1R. ©cbiltree. 

IRosal 1Ra\n?. 

1917— July 9. 

1917, July 9. — His Majesty's ship Vaugtiard was stationed at Scapa 
Flow when she exploded by internal combustion on that fatal Monday, 
when three survivors only escaped. 

One of the men who went down in the Vanguard on the above date 
was Ship Steward ROBERT ROBERTSON OCHILTREE, husband of 
Catherine O'Donnell, Gifford House, West Linton, and only son of 
Mr and Mrs Ochiltree, Edinburgh. His Majesty's ship Vanguard took 
part in the battle of Jutland. 

In West Linton Parish Church the Rev. S. M'Lintock made the 
following reference to the loss of His Majesty's ship Vanguard, and to 
the death of Ship Steward Ochiltree: — "In that sad fatality at sea. Ship 
Steward Assistant Robert Robertson Ochiltree has gone down, and his 
esteemed widow and daughter, well known to many of us, are in deep 
sorrow. He was a young man of devout disposition, amiable character, 
attentive to duty, and devoted to his home. One thinks of him as 
but a few months ago, when he took what has proved to be a parting 
good-bye, and we sorrow that his kindly countenance will be seen no 
more. He is spoken of in honoured terms by all who knew him and 
came in contact with him on ship and on land. He has finished his 
course through a mysterious Providence, but he was ready for the 
divine call, and has paid the supreme price as if he had fallen in a 
naval fight or on the field of battle. We deeply sympathise with his 
sorrowing widow and daughter, his aged parents, his mother-in-law, 
and all the bereaved relatives and friends, praying that He who cares 
for the widow and fatherless and the mourner, will sustain and 
comfort them in their sad bereavement, enabling them to say — ^' Not 
my will but Thine be done, O Lord,' and 'It is the Lord; let Him 
do what seemeth to Him good.' " 


Lieutenant (A/Captain) T. R. COLYER Fergusson. 
Uictovia Cioss. 


24. Xicutcnant (B/Captain) Z, 1R. (TolKi* :!fcrou60on, 

Uictovia Cvoss. 

IHorrbampton IRcc^imcnt. 

1917 — July 31 (Tuesday). 

1917, July 31. — This was the beginning of the third great battle of 
Ypres. It continued from this Tuesday until the 6th of November. St 
Julien, Pilkem, Frezenburg, and other villages were captured by the 
British. The French forced the passage of the Yser Canal and carried 
Steenstrasse and Bixschoote. We took twelve villages and 5000 

Lieutenant FERGUSSON was the youngest grandson of Sir James R. 
Fergusson, Bart, of Spitalhaugh, and third and youngest son of Mr T. 
Colyer Fergusson of Ightham Mote, Kent, by his late wife, Beatrice 
Stanley, daughter of the late Right Hon. Professor Max Muller. He 
was born in February 1896, and was educated at Summerfields, 
Harrow, and Oxford. He passed into Oriel College, Oxford, just 
before war broke out. In September 1914 he joined the Public 
Schools Battalion, and in February 1915 he obtained a temporary 
commission in the Northampton Regiment and a permanent one in 
December 1916. Just a week before the sad news reached his 
relatives, information had also come stating that his elder brother 
William had been seriously wounded and was then lying in hospital. 
Lieutenant Fergusson was the second of the Fergusson family to 
make the supreme sacrifice in the war, Sir James R. Fergusson's son, 
Lieutenant J. A. Hamilton Fergusson, having been killed on the Aisne 
in September 1914. Sir James's youngest son, Charles, also in the 
Northampton Regiment, was twice wounded. 

A list of awards of the Victoria Cross, published in the Loiufoii 
Gazette, included the name of Lieutenant (A/Captain) Fergusson. The 
award is " for most conspicuous bravery, skilful leading, and 
determination in attack." The tactical situation having developed 
contrary to expectation, it was not possible for his Company to adhere 
to the original plan of deployment, and, owing to the difficulties of 
the ground and to enemy wire. Captain Colyer Fergusson found 
himself with a Sergeant and five men only. He carried out the 
attack, nevertheless, and succeeded in capturing the enemy trench 
and disposing of the garrison. His party was then threatened by a 
heavy counter-attack from the left front, but this attack he successfully 
resisted. During this operation, assisted by his orderly only, he 
attacked and captured an enemy machine gun and turned it on the 


assailants, many of whom were killed and a large number were 
■driven into the hands of an adjoining British unit. Later, assisted 
only by his Sergeant, he again attacked and captured a second 
enemy machine gun, by which time he had been joined by other 
portions of his Company, and was enabled to consolidate his position. 
The conduct of this officer throughout forms an amazing record of 
dash, gallantry, and skill, for which no reward can be too great, 
having regard to the importance of the position won. This gallant 
officer was shortly afterwards killed by a sniper. 

In the course of a sermon from the text "I have fought a good fight, 

I have finished my course" (II. Timothy iv., 7), in Ightham Church, on 

Saturday, Ilth August 1917, the Rev. Bertram T. Winnifrith said: — 

" Thomas Riversdale Colyer Fergusson was one of the best of those 

thousands of British youths who had laid down their lives for their 

King and country in the great cause of justice and humanity. He 

was the personification of mirth, happiness, jollity, and manliness, 

though still but a boy in years. It seems but yesterday that we saw 

his cherubic face — a little boy in Eton collar — home for the holidays — 

sitting in the family pew ; a little later on, from the outbreak of war, 

clad in khaki, eager to take his part in the fray. And how well he 

did it can be best described in the words of his Colonel, who wrote 

as follows : — ' His loss to us is irreparable. I was exceedingly fond 

of him myself, as also were all his brother officers and men, and I 

think his death was more deeply felt in the Regiment than any I 

have known. To my mind he was far the most promising officer 

under my command. Had he not been so capable, I should never 

have given the command of a Company to one so young and over the 

heads of his seniors. In this last attack the 58th probably had the 

most difficult task in the Division, and I selected his Company for the 

most difficult portion of the trench in their Battalion objective. He 

carried out his task most brilliantly. For the capture of the 5th 

German line of trenches, his Company had to follow our barrage 

through a very broken wood which proved to be full of wire. He 

soon saw that it would be impossible to keep his whole Company up 

with the barrage for this final assault, and if he failed to keep up 

with it, he would probably fail to capture the trench, so he picked out 

ten or a dozen men, and with them pushed on ahead and without any 

further assistance captured his portion of the German trench. Almost 

as soon as he got in, he perceived a company of Germans advancing 

against him in mass formation, and at a bare 100 yards away. They 

knocked out 20 or 30 of them with rifle fire, and the remainder 

surrendered, as the rest of his Company came up. He came and 

reported to nie in the same trench about half an liour later when I 

gol up, and was complaining about what a miserable fight the Roche 


had put up. Five minutes later he was shot through the forehead by 
a German machine gun.' Riv. undoubtedly went out with honour, 
and I am certain that he, with his jolly, happy temperament, would 
not for one moment wish us to be overcome by mournful feelings at 
his loss. 

"O blest Communion! Fellowship divine! 
We feebly struggle. They in glory shine ! 
Yet all are one in Thee — for all are Thine!" 




25. ^Lieutenant liOUIiam Lancelot IRitcbie. 

Cambd&gc JSattalion. 
1917— August I. 

1917, August I (Wednesday). — The Germans counter attacked and 
retook St Julien and regained some positions in the Ypres-Roulers 
district. But the British regained them on the following day, and also 
St Julien on the 3rd. 

Lieutenant Ritchie, who died from wounds received in France on 
1st August 1917, was a great-grandson of " Auld John Ritchie," one of 
the Linton Volunteers who turned out at the False Alarm of 1815. 
His grandfather was William Ritchie, who was a non-commissioned 
officer in the 42nd Highlanders; while his father, a member of the 
Natal Field Force, served his country in the Zulu War. These, with 
the two brothers in the Great War, shew an unbroken line from 
father to son, of a hundred years' service for King and country; a 
grand record — 1815-1915. 

To a very wide circle of relations and friends in South Africa, 
the news of Lieutenant Ritchie's death came as a terrible blow, for a 
more gallant lad never left a Colony to fight for the Motherland. He 
and his brother left Durban to join the King's forces. First in the 
Inns of Court Officers' Training Corps, and afterwards at the Royal 
Staff College, Sandhurst, Lance pursued his studies with that zeal he 
always put into his work, and came out second on the examination 
lists. He was then attached to the 2nd Cambridge Battalion, which 
was subsequently drafted over to France. He was soon kept busy in a 
particularly hot sector, sometimes doing twenty-four hours' duty on end. 
Whether stowing his men in shattered saps, or leading them out on 
midnight forays, he was indeed the happy warrior — alert, considerate, 
and careful. Born at Blackburn, in Victoria County, Natal, Lance 
and his brother Cecil grew up appreciating all the ennobling influences 
of a good home and watchful parents. He entered the service of 
the Natal Government Railways in 1907, where his progress was 
rapid. After Union he was transferred to the General Manager's 
Office, in Johannesburg. He was a member of St Mary's, Belgravia, 
a teacher in the Sunday School, and a member of the choir. 
Passionately fond of sport, he always played the game under any 




26. {private Blcyan^er jforrcstcr farqubarson. 

2lvc(\^ll auD SutbcrlanCt 1bk'iblan&cr5. 

1917 — August 22 (Wednesday). 

Alexander F. FarquHARSON was born at Rutherford, in West 
Linton parish, in September 1897, and was about five years of age 
when his parents removed to Tullibody House, Cambus. He was 
educated at Alloa, and was an apprentice carpenter when war broke 
out. He was not quite seventeen when he joined the Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders, and gave in his age as nineteen. According 
to information supplied by the Infantry Record Office, Perth, Private 
Farquharson was killed in action or died of wounds on or shortly 
after 22nd August 1917. He was buried in Dochy Farm Cemetery, 
Langemarck, four miles east-north-east of Ypres. 



Private JOHN SiBBALU, 


27. private 3obn SibbaI^. 

TRosal Scots. 

1917 — August 28. 

1917, August 28. — This was a Tuesday. On the previous day, in 
the Ypres region, the British line was advanced 2000 yards astride the 
St Julien-Poelcapelle road. There was renewed activity on the Aisne. 

John Sibbald was the eldest son of Mr and Mrs Sibbald, Mount 
View, Dunsyre, and at the outbreak of war was acting as chauffeur to 
Dr J. Ritchie Jeffrey, West Linton. He was one of the first to join 
up, enlisting in the Royal Scots, and saw much active service in 
France. He was killed in action on the 28th August IQI/- 

"It is with deepest regret that I have to inform you that your son 
John has been killed in action, on the 28th August 1917, not missing, 
as mentioned in my previous letter. His body was found by a lad 
whom I know well, and who also knew your son. His body was 
brought down from the line and was decently buried in a British 
Cemetery in a ruined village called Hargicourt. If ever a lad died a 
noble death that lad was John Sibbald. I only wish that it had 
been God's will to spare him to you, as he would certainly have 
been honoured for the great work he did and which he was doing 
when he met his death. He was attending to his wounded 
comrades. You have lost a noble and brave son ; and though you 
will miss him sorely, you have the comfort of knowing that he met 
death most bravely, and died not only for his King and country, but 
for those near and dear to him." 

The Rev. S. M'Lintock, in West Linton Parish Church, paid 
tribute to the memory of Private Sibbald as follows: — "It was in the 
spirit of intense sadnesss that we learned that Private John Sibbald, 
of The Royal Scots, had been killed in action on the 28th August. 
He was a young man of a fine disposition, physically well-built,, 
upright in character, faithful to duty, and altogether such a man as 
made him, as he was, a true soldier. He was a devoted son to his 
parents, a beloved brother to the other members of the family, and 
held in deep respect by all who came in contact with him. With 
his parents and all the members of their family, his relatives, and 
friends, do we in heartfelt sympathy share in their great sorrow. To 
his memory, the words of St Paul may be truly and reverently 
applied to him and his heroic death — 'I have fought a good fight, I 
have finished my course, I have kept the faith ; henceforth there is 
laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the 
righteous Judge, shall give me on that day.' " 


Private Adam Muir. 


28. private a^anl flDiur. 

IRo^al Scote. 

1917— October 22. 

1917, October 22. — On this Monday there was a Franco-British 
advance on a two and a half mile front between Poelcapelle and 
Houthulst Forest. The south end of the forest was taken and 200 
prisoners captured. On the following day there was a great French 
victory on the Aisne north-east of Soissons. 

Adam MUIR was the fourth son of Mrs Muir, Manor House, West 
Linton, and when killed was in his 2Ist year. He was in the 
employment of Mrs Borthwick, Hazlieburn, working in the gardens 
there. He joined the Territorial Force in April 1914, when a number 
of West Linton men joined the Peebles Company of the 8th Royal 
Scots. He was called up on the outbreak of war, and went out to 
France with his comrades from Haddington on 2nd November 1914. 
He was wounded at Festubert in May 1915, and was in hospital in 
Newcastle for a time. He was again wounded on returning to France, 
after which he was stationed at Catterick Camp, in Yorkshire. From 
there he went out to France for the third time in August 1917, and 
was killed on the 22nd October 1917. 

Mrs Muir had other four sons engaged in the Great War, viz. : — 
Private John, Canadian Scottish (fell, 7th November 1917); Private 
Thomas, Canadians (returned); Private Andrew, Royal Scots 
(disabled); Private Alexander (taken prisoner of war). 



Laiiex'-Corporal JoiiN MUIR. 


29. Xance^Corporal 3obn fIDuir. 

CanaOian Scottisb. 

1917 — -November 7. 

1917, November 7. — On this Wednesday the British were con- 
solidating new positions at Passchendaele. And on the following day 
there were two successful British raids, near Fresnoy and Armentieres. 

LANCE-CORPORAL JOHN MUIR v^ras an elder brother of Private Adam 
Muir. He w^as engaged in farming in Canada w^hen war broke out, 
and joined the Canadian Scottish in February 1916. He w^ent to 
France in July 1917. He fell on the 7th November of the same year, 
being blown to pieces by a German shell. He was in his 30th year. 
He was married, and left his wife and two children in Canada. 





30. Captain 6coroc fll>. Clark. 

lRov?al Scots. 

1917 — November 12. 

1917, November 12 (Monday). — General AUenby attacked the new 
Turkish positions on the Wadi Sugheir, twelve miles north of Ascalon. 
And on the next day the Turks were driven out and many guns and 
prisoners were taken. Next day the General continued his advance in 
Palestine, and reached the Jerusalem Railway. 

Captain George Mackay Clark, 4th Royal Scots, was the only 

son of Mr J. B. Clark, George Heriot's School, and of Mrs Clark, 146 
Craiglea Drive, Edinburgh. Captain Clark was born on 9th June 
1895, and educated at George Watson's College, Edinburgh, where he 
was a member of the Officers' Training Corps, in which he held the 
rank of Sergeant. From school he proceeded in April 1913 to study 
medicine at the University of Edinburgh, and joined the University 
Officers' Training Corps. When war broke out he at once gave up 
his studies, and in September 1914 was given a commission as First 
Lieutenant in the 4th Royal Scots. Lieutenant Clark was promoted to 
the rank of Captain in June 1915, and shortly thereafter went out to 
Gallipoli. He was invalided home at the end of October of the same 
year, suffering from dysentery and jaundice, but in the following 
February he was able to rejoin his Battalion, which was now with the 
Egyptian Expeditionary Force. He took part in the advance across 
the Sinai Desert and in the battles of Romani and Gaza, and was 
killed in the severe fighting at Burkah, in Palestine, on Monday, l2th 
November 1917. Captain Clark was a keen soldier. 

"I cannot speak too highly of your son. He was one of my best 
Company commanders, and was loved and respected by all ranks." 

"His loss to the Battalion is very great; he was such a splendid 

"He was a splendid officer, who knew his work and how to 
command men. He was a great favourite with all the men, and they 
had the greatest faith in him." 

"He was always the centre of everything that was best in the 
Regiment. He was a man, young though he was, absolutely 
trustworthy, and as steady as a rock." 

"We mourn the loss of a very dear comrade and most gallant 
officer, and we are all proud' to have served with him." 

"We all miss him greatly. He was always so cheery and 
helpful, and his Company would have done anything for him." 




Private William Soutar. 


31. IPrivate Milliani Soutar. 

/Iftacbine (Bun Corps (attacbcD IbiGblaiiD Xigbt Jiifantrg). 

1917 — December 2. 
Private William Soutar, of the Machine Gun Corps, was a brother 
of Mrs A. Niddrie, Townfoot, West Linton. He was killed in the 
Ostend sector on the 2nd December IQ17. He belonged to Forfarshire. 

The lonely country hamlets keep 

Count of their dead; 
The mother and the lover weep, ' 

Each Tweeddale wood and hill and lane 

Remembers one, 
Whose feet will never pass their way again, 

Glad in the sun. 


Second-Lieutenant DOUGLAS V. GILLESPIE. 


32. Sccont)*=*JLicutcnant Bouolas ID. (Billcepic. 

1Ro\2al air jForce. 
1918 — April 6. • . . 

1918, April 6. — On the 5th of April the Germans continued their 
attack from the Somme to beyond Bucquoy. The British took 200 
prisoners in a counter-attack near Hebuterne. This ended the second 
battle of the Somme. On the 6th, which was a Saturday, there was 
severe fighting in Aveluy Wood (Albert), near Hebuterne in the Luce 
valley, north and south of Montididier, and in the Oise region. 

Douglas Victor Gillespie, Second-Lieutenant, Royal Air Force, 
was the fifth and youngest son of Mr G. Gillespie, Burton Lodge, 
Lygon Road, Edinburgh, and Fairliehope, Carlops. He attended 
Watson's College from 1908 to 1915. He was studying for the 
veterinary profession, and joined the Army Veterinary Corps at 
Stirling, July 1916. Transferring to the Royal Air Force in June 
1917, he completed his course of training and was attached to the 
military wing, and was sent abroad early in 1918. He saw much 
active fighting, and on the 6th of April was reported missing. Two 
months thereafter he was reported killed. The official report says: 
— "He was shot down in a combat with a superior number of 
hostile aircraft, and his death was instantaneous. A party of 
infantry buried him and erected a cross over his grave." 

He was a most keen flyer, and having" shewn good ability he was 
appointed to a crack squadron on the military wing, which had done 
very good work in the low flying operations over the enemy lines. 

His school chums write that he was one of the best and nicest of 
companions, and was loved by all who knew him. He was aged 20. 

He had other three brothers serving — Captain John M. Gillespie, 
Military Cross, Royal Army Medical Corps; Captain Samuel P. 
Gillespie, Military Cross, Gordon Highlanders; and Lieutenant George 
A. Gillespie, Military Cross, North Hants Yeomanry. 



Private John Fraser. 


33- private 3ohn jfrascn 

IRing'6 ®\vn Scottisb :J3orC>crcrs. 
igiS— April ii, 

1918, April II. — On this Thursday fighting was general along the 
whole battle-front. The British were forced back beyond Ploegsteert 
and Steenwercke to the south of Neuve Eglise and Bailleul. At 
Hollebeeke and Messines the German attacks were repulsed. The 
enemy captured Merville. Strong local attacks were repulsed south of 
Arras. This was the third day of the battle of the Lys, which began 
on April 9. 

Private John FRASER was a native of West Linton, where lie was 
employed with Mr David Paterson, grocer, Main Street there. He 
enlisted in Edinburgh during 1916, into the Qth (Highland) Battalion 
Royal Scots, but on being sent to France he was transferred to the 
1st Battalion King's Own Scottish Borderers. He was repeatedly 
in action, but was never wounded. He was lying with his Battalion 
in front of Ypres during the great British retreat of March 1918, and 
went amissing on llth April of that year. This young lad was 
much respected and esteemed in and about West Linton. He was a 
member of the Parish Church and a Guildsman. 


Private Robert Bruce. 


34 private IRobcrt Bruce. 

9tb IRoval Scots. 
1918 — April 12. 

1918, April 12. — There was strong enemy pressure on this day 
(Friday), especially at Bailleul and Wulverghem. The enemy penetrated 
Neuve Eglise and Messines. In Apremonet Forest the Americans and 
French repulsed continued attacks. 1 10 German Divisions were engaged 
until now. The British withdrew from Messines Ridge. 

Private Robert Bruce was born in 1892, in Stirling, his father 
being Mr H. E. Bruce, Cambuskenneth Abbey there. He served his 
apprenticeship as a gardener with Mr Edmond Pullar, Bridge of 
Allan, and before enlisting he was with the late Mrs Woddrop, 
Garvald House, Dolphinton. In June 1915 he joined the 9th Royal 
Scots, and after being trained at Peebles and then at Selkirk, he 
went to France, early in January 1916, with the " Dandy Ninth." 
He went through the Somme in July onwards, and was at the taking 
of Beaumont Hamel in November. He was also through the Arras 
battle of April 1917. He took septic poisoning in the knee in May 
of that year, and was in hospital for quite a long spell in France and 
in England. On his recovery he was transferred to the 2nd Battalion 
of the Royal Scots, and was sent to France in December. He was 
posted missing on I2th April 1918, amidst that ever memorable British 
stand which defeated the last grim German effort. 

Private Bruce had not been very long resident at Garvald 
before his soldier days, but he had made some firm friends, and had 
gained the esteem of all who knew him. These facts speak for 
themselves. He was quiet, but very true. He was a member of 
Kirkurd United Free Church, and on more than one occasion during 
the months of suspense when he was missing. Rev. D. C. Wiseman, 
M.A., made appreciative reference to him; expressing the hope that he 
would return with the prisoners and also the congregation's sympathy 
with his parents in Stirling. But the prisoners returned, and Robert 
Bruce was not amongst them. Doubtless he died on I2th April — 
"all his wounds in front" — giving his quiet, strong, and promising 
life for the country and the cause that were dear to him. " He was 
one of the best of sons, and if he got his father and mother right he 
was contented — but only so. And if he had been spared he would 
have been an equally devoted husband. One in Scotland was 
waiting for his 'leave' to be married when the storm of March 
broke out — and then the leave stopped — and the suspense began, and 
word came that he was missing. And thus war's tragedy works out 
and makes desolation, and there are those left that mourn." 




Major Robert Dickson. 

©ietiiuniisbct' (Ion^uct /IOc^al. 


35. (IDajor IRobcrt E)ich6on, 

^istilu^ui8bc^ Con^uct /IDcIial. 

TRoval Scots aiiD IDurbam Xicibt Jnfaiitrg. 

1918— May 27. 

1918, May 27. — Major Dickson fell upon a Monday, on which day 
the third battle of the Aisne began, and continued until the 2nd of 
June. This was the new German thrust for Paris. After a heavy 
bombardment the enemy delivered a great attack on the Aisne between 
Soissons and Rheims. The Allies* line was pressed back. The 
Germans carried Chemin des Dames Ridge. There were lesser attacks 
between Locre and Voormezeele. Long range guns began to bombard 
Paris. The Germans crossed the Aisne on a front of eighteen miles. 

Major Robert Dickson, Distinguished Conduct Medal, Durham 
Light Infantry, whose remarkable military career was brought to an 
end by his being killed in action in France on 27th May 1918, was 
the elder son of Mr James Dickson, Blyth Cottages, Dolphinton. Of 
all the lads that went from Peeblesshire, perhaps no one found his 
career more decidedly in the army than did this young man, and 
his record will bear comparison with some of the best achievements 
of our Scottish civilian soldiers. It was not his to win the Victoria 
Cross, but he was the stuff Victoria Crosses are made of — a man of 
utter fearlessness, outstanding coolness, and proved resource. He 
was born at Blyth, in Peeblesshire, on the 27th February 1892. 
A keen Territorial before the war, he was mobilised with his unit,- 
the l/8th Royal Scots (Territorial), and went to France early in 
November 1914. He fought continuously there till his lamented death 
in May 1918, and in those three and a half eventful years he won the 
Distinguished Conduct Medal and attained the rank of Major. Prior 
to the war, he spent all his years in and around his home as a farm 
hand, and latterly in the employment of Misses J. & M. Noble,. 
merchants, Blyth Bridge. He was a keen and successful athlete, 
being a particularly fine runner. But his hidden greatness it took 
the war to call forth. From the beginning" he threw himself into it 
with zest; as it proceeded it increasingly called forth his best; in the 
end it claimed himself — a fate from which he never shrank. His is 
one of the proud romances of the war. He died at 26. 

The Rev. D. C. Wiseman, M.A., in Kirkurd United Free Church, 
on Sunday evening, 9th June, said: — "This morning Mr and Mrs James 
Dickson, Blyth, received a telegram, telling them that their son was 
reported killed in action on 27th May — that darkening message of 
which the poet has said — 


Just a little scrap of paper 

In a yellow envelope — 
And the whole world is a ruin: 
Even Hope. 

We had seen so much since August 1914 of that which lay hidden 
in Robert Dickson that we had come to hope for far greater things 
still. But God has willed it otherwise. Climbing the ladder of glory 
and fame, he has fallen — shall we not say upwards.? The foe he 
was out so full-heartedly to fight has broken his body, but, joining 
hands with many a comrade on the other side, his soul goes marching 
on. I am not going to say a great deal about him: we all know he 
was a gallant soldier, and I know he died a death he did not fear. 
He was a son that any family might well have been proud to own. 
This district has been proud to call him hers. And this congregation 
has been honoured that he was a pioneer of its pioneer contingent for 
the war. I well recall the day in April 191 1 when he came and 
wished to join my congregation. I saw then that there was a 
thoughtfulness, an independence, and a strength of character in him 
not often met with in the common ways of men. And from the day 
he joined this church till the war called him away he was seldom 
absent from his accustomed pew. I have been in regular and 
frequent communication with him ever since, and I know, perhaps 
better than most, how, amid the stress and strain of war, he had 
grown. I need hardly tell you the long short story of his Army career; 
how, a private in the Peebles Company of the 8th Royal Scots, 
with utter self-devotion, he won the Distinguished Conduct Medal at 
Festubert ; how he passed over the rungs of the non-commissioned 
ladder, and then left that ladder behind on being gazetted 2nd 
Lieutenant with the Durham Light Infantry, just a year ago now; 
how in that subsequent year of danger he reached the rank of 
Captain, with a company of his own; how on 23rd March, at the 
beginning of the great Somme push, he was promoted Major, which 
promotion was confirmed a month after that date. Rumour has it 
in a letter which I have from the front that he was acting Lieutenant- 
Colonel with his Battalion when he died. That may or may not be 
true. We believe that his inborn soldiership and his arduous military 
training had made him fit for that. And all the while he was most 
humble, and all the while most happy. 

Who is the happy warrior? Who is he 
That every man in arms should wish to be? 

He who, if he be called upon to face 

Some awful moment to which Heaven has joined 

Great issues, good or bad, for human kind, 


Is happy as a lover; and attired 
With sudden brightness, like a man inspired; 
• And through the heart of conflict, keeps the law 
In calmness made, and sees what he foresaw ; 
Or if an unexpected call succeed. 
Come when it will, is equal to the need. 

This, I think, is Major Dickson: 

This is the happy warrior ; this is he 

Whom every man in arms should wish to be. 

One thing more I will say- When a comrade was wounded or slain, 
Robert Dickson, level-headed and big-hearted, was ever the first to 
think of the mother or friends at home, and to write at once the 
letter, so kindly phrased, that gently broke the news or cheered the 
anxious hearts. Not a few such letters have come from him from 
France. We wait if perchance some similar note from brother officer 
shall come to tell us how he died." Mr Wiseman thereafter read a 
most interesting letter he had had from Major Dickson, written nine 
days before he died, from the sunny slopes on the River Aisne, and 
which he was comparing to the beautiful Peebles hills. 

The following Sunday the Rev. T. D. Miller, M.A., in Kirkurd 
Parish Church, read the following letter received the previous day by 
Major Dickson's parents from a chaplain in the 50th Division — "You 
will have received already the very sad news of the death in action 
of your most brave son. Major Robert Dickson, of the 7th Durham 
Light Infantry (Pioneers). The simple facts of the case are as follows: 
■ — Major Dickson was with his colonel from the commencement of the 
German bombardment and attack on 27th May. He was shot through 
the heart near the Canal Bridge, Maizy (on the Aisne), at about I P.M. 
on the 27th ult., dying almost immediately. I grieve very much 
indeed to write this to you, for I regard myself as very privileged 
to have known your son, and he was one of my special friends, one 
on whom I looked with great affection and admiration. A braver 
man could not be found anywhere. I was talking yesterday with the 
Regimental Sergeant-Major, when he emphasised more than I have 
done your boy's bravery and efficiency as an officer. The men in 
the Battalion worshipped him, and would have followed him 
anywhere. I remember speaking with the Colonel of the Battalion, 
who spoke of Major Dickson as the finest officer he had ever met. 
Certainly that was and is the opinion of very many I know in the 
Division who have come into contact with your gallant son. And 
this high efficiency which he displayed as an officer, and his 
extraordinary braveness and coolness, had, I know, a sure foundation. 
He was a remarkably sound fellow all round. His character was 
strong and robust. He was a man who commanded respect and 


affection by reason of what he himself was. He always turned up 
at the services which I held for Presbyterians and Nonconformists, 
and his presence was fine to feel. His was a quiet deep sense of 
religious duty, which I feel sure was the key of his whole life. I 
believe he was a good soldier of the Lord Jesus Christ, whom he 
served with a purity and sincerity of life which were outstanding." 
Mr Miller further said that the brave lad, who was awarded the 
Distinguished Conduct Medal for helping to capture two hundred of 
the enemy, and who afterwards received a commission in the Durham 
Light Infantry, and who was Acting-Major at the time of his death, 
bore his honours with becoming modesty. When home on furlough 
a few months ago he was in his father's pew, and looked a soldier 
every inch. Thereafter Mr Miller expressed the sympathy of all 
with Major Dickson's relatives in the shadowed home, especially 
with his bereaved mother in her prolonged weakness. 

Lieutenant-Colonel W. A. Birchall, /th Durham Light Infantry, 
wrote : — " A finer comrade or a braver soldier I have never met. 
Besides being my right-hand man, he was a great personal friend, 
as practically the whole time that he was with this Battalion he 
and I were always together. I feel his death greatly." 


News of battle! news of battle! 

Hark! 'tis ringing down the street: 
And the archways and the pavement 

Bear the clang of hurrying feet. 
News of battle! Who hath brought it? 

News of triumph? Who should bring 
Tidings from our noble Army, 

Greetings from our gallant King? 

All last night we watched the beacons 

Blazing on the hills afar, 
Each one bearing, as it kindled. 

Message of the opened war. 
All night long the northern streamers 

Shot across the trembling sky: 
Fearful lights that never beckon 

Save when kings or heroes die. 

Had you seen them, O my masters, 

When the night began to fall, 
And the Scottish spearmen gathered 

Round a grim and ghastly wall. 
As the wolves, in winter, circle • 

Round the leaguer on the heath, 
So the greedy foe glared upward. 

Panting still for blood and death. 

But a rampart rose before them, • 

Which the boldest dared not scale: 
Every stone a Scottish body. 

Every step a corpse in mail. 
God, our Father, will not fail us 

In that last tremendous hour. 
If all other bulwarks crumble, 

He will be our strength and tower. 

Though the ramparts rock beneath us 

And the walls go crashing down, 
Though the roar of conflagration ; 

Bellow o'er the sinking town, 
There is yet one place of shelter 

Where the foeman cannot come, 
Where the summons never sounded 

Of the trumpet or the drum. 

There again we'll meet our children 

Who, on France's trampled sod. 
For their King and for their country 

Rendered up their souls to God. 
There shall we find rest and refuge 

With our dear departed brave. 
And the ashes of our city 

Be our universal grave. 



Private Hugh R. M'Gill, 


36. Iprlvatc Ibuob IRobcrt m'mi 

TRo^al Scots jfusiliers. 
1918— July 19. 

1918, July 19. — Private Hugh M'Gill fell on the day after the 
turning point which led to complete and final victory; it was a Friday. 
On the l8th there was a great Allied counter-attack on a two mile 
front between Fontenoy (six-and-a-half miles north-west of Soissons), 
and Belleau (six miles north-west of Chateau-Thierry). The French 
reached Monte de Paris (one mile from Soissons) and five miles off the 
valley of the Crise, east of Buzancy. South of the Ourcq the French 
and Americans secured the line Marizy-Hautvesnes-Belleau. South of 
the Marne the Germans reached St Agneau. East of Rheims the 
French retook Prunay and defeated the Prussian Guards east of Prosnes. 
On the day that Hugh M'Gill fell the French and Americans advanced 
on the Soissons-Thierry line, taking Vierzy (north of Ourcq) and Neuilly / 

St Front (south of the Ourcq). South of the Marne the French re-took 
Montvoison. The British recaptured Meteren (west of Bailleul), taking 
300 prisoners. 

Hugh Robert M'Gill was born at Carlops in 1899. He joined the 
Royal Army Medical Corps in October 1914, when he was only 
fifteen-and-a-half years of age. He was transferred to the Lanarkshire 
Yeomanry in 1915, and afterwards trained at Aldershot in the 1st 
Dragoon Guards. He next transferred to the I2th Battalion Royal 
Scots Fusiliers (Ayr and Lanark Battalion), and went to Egypt 
in January 1916. He was in the Lewis Gun section. He served 
in the Palestine expedition in the 52nd Division, and was then 
sent to France. He was killed at Neip Forest on the 19th July 1918, 
while leading his gun into action. His brother William fell at Ypres 
on l6th November 1914, and two other brothers served with the 

In Carlops United Free Church, on Sabbath, 4th August 1918, at 
the service of conimemoration, before asking the congregation to stand 
while the roll of the dead was read, the Rev. W. Frank Bruce made 
reference to the death on the battlefield of Private M'Gill as follows: 
— This is a day of commemoration. We are remembering those 
who have given their lives in the great cause of freedom for the 
world. Many a soldier has died for it. Many Scotch lads in days 
gone has dyed the heather with his life blood for it. We remember 
the days of Wallace and Bruce, and since then Scotchmen have been 
lovers of freedom; and at Waterloo, at Alma, and many another hard 
encounter Scotchmen have shown that the old native spirit born of 
freedom could give a good account of itself. To-day we mourn 



another name added to the unreturning ones. As I mentioned last 
Sabbath, Hugh M'Gill has made the supreme sacrifice. Born in this 
place, baptised in this Church, trained up in its Sabbath School and 
Bible Class, he was one of the Carlops boys. One naturally looked 
on him entering the Army when the call came for men. There was 
a military ancestry to give him that bent. His father and elder 
brother had set him the example. Little wonder that he was an 
enlisted soldier at a very early age. He fell when he was only 19, 
and he had been two-and-a-half years abroad, with a training at 
home before that. I travelled with him the morning he went off, and 
I little thought that was the last we were to see of him in Carlops. 
It seems so strange, this mowing down of these lads as they come to 
their manhood. But it is not death in vain. A poet says the dead 
"win battles. It is true. 

The dead win battles. No ! the brave 

Die never. Being deathless they but change 

Their country's arms for more — their country's heart. 

Give, then, the dead their due. 'Tis they have saved us. 

So young ; yet surely length of years could not have brought a nobler 
ending to life. 

Yet ere I give the reins to grief say first 

How died he? Death to life is crown or shame. 

Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail 

Or knock the breast, no weakness, no contempt, 

Dispraise, or blame: nothing but well and fair. 

And what may quiet us in a death so noble. 

He sleeps in a foreign land, under the sound of the never ceasing 
^uns and the tramp of armed men, and there is a bit of France that 
is forever Carlops, for he who lies there loved his home, his native 
village, and those connected with it. He is the second member of 
this family to give up his life in this war — the oldest, and now the 
youngest — ^and the two other sons are out fighting in France. Our 
sympathies go out to-day to the family that is mourning again a son 
fallen, but with his face to his cotmtry's foes. We commend them 
to the Father of mercies and the God of consolation, that he would 
look down upon them and heal their troubled and sorrowing hearts, 
and even in the midst of tribulation may they find comfort and peace 
in God. 


There's many a man of the Cameron clan, 
That has followed his chief to the field; 
He has sworn to support him, or die by his side, 
For a Cameron never can yield. 

I hear the pibroch sounding, sounding, 

Deep o'er the mountain and glen. 
While light springing footsteps are trampling the heath, 
'Tis the march of the Cameron men. 

Oh, proudly they walk, but each Cameron knows 

He may tread on the heather no more; 

But boldly he follows his chief to the field 

Where his laurels were gathered before. 

I hear the pibroch sounding, sounding, - , ' • 

Deep o'er the mountain and glen. 
While light springing footsteps are trampling the heath, 
'Tis the march of the Cameron men. 

The moon has arisen, it shines on that path ; 

Now trod by the gallant and true — 
High, high, are their hopes, for their chieftan has said 
That whatever men dare they can do. 

I hear the pibroch sounding, sounding, ' 

Deep o'er the mountain and glen. 
While light springing footsteps are trampling the heath, 
'Tis the march of the Cameron men. 




37- Senjeant 3obn Craioie Cunninobanu 

Cana&lan Xigbt ^nfantrg. 

1918 — August 26. 

John Craigie Cunningham was born in Edinburgh in 1885, and was 
educated at home until his tenth year, wlien he entered Watson's 
College. He left in 1902, having gained the classical medal and 
college bursary. He headed the University bursary list, and after a 
brilliant career took his degree with honours in classics. In 1905 he 
won an open scholarship at Balliol. Unfortunately his health broke 
down, and having to give up study he went to Canada. He 
recovered his health in Canada, and was engaged in teaching" when 
war broke out. In 1916 he returned with the Overseas 13th Mounted 
Infantry to take his part in the Great War. He was transferred to 
Princess Pat's, and went out to France in October 1917. He had 
been occupied for a year in England in physical training, had many 
opportunities of obtaining a commission, but preferred to remain in 
the ranks. He fell on the 26th August 1918, at the taking of Monchy, 
deeply regretted by his officers and comrades; and lies in the British 
Cemetery at Vis-en-Artois. To this expression of regret we add our 
own sorrowful tribute at the loss of a highly gifted intellect, a bright 
and eager nature, and a charming personality. John Cunningham 
was a very good golfer, a plus man on the West Linton course, where 
he was a well known and popular figure for many years. 


Second-Lieutenant Daviu B. Halley. 


38. Sccon^»=Xiclltcnant S)a^n^ Bowie Iballci^, 

22n& SquaDron TRosal Bir jfoicc. 
1 91 8 — August 30. 

1918, August 30. — Second-Lieutenant David Halley fell upon a 
Friday. On that day the British crossed the Somme south and west of 
Peronne. The Germans began to withdraw on the Lys front, and the 
British occupied Bailleul. The French crossed the Canal du Nord, and 
captured Chevilly. On the day following, the British captured Mont St 
Quentin, and the Germans evacuated Mount Kemmel. This day saw 
the end of the battle of Bapaume. 

Born at the Schoolhouse, West Linton, on 14th November 1899. 

Educated at West Linton Public School, Broughton Higher Grade School, 

Edinburgh ; Heriot-Watt College, Edinburgh. 
Employed at City Analyst's Office, Edinburgh. 
Enlisted as a Cadet in the Royal Air Force, November 1917. 
Received commission as Second-Lieutenant in Royal Air Force, 13th July 1918. 
Went to France, 29th July 1918. 

Posted as an Observer to 22nd Squadron, 28th August 1918. 
Killed at Aerodrome of above Squadron, 30th August 1918. 

Second-Lieutenant D. B. Halley was a lad of great promise, 

acquitting himself with marked distinction as an analyst in 
Edinburgh. He was an enthusiastic angler and a great lover of 
nature as he found it in the uplands of the Lyne Valley. He took 
an especial interest in the bird life of this district, and in the 
splendid collection of Peeblesshire birds now gathered in West Linton 
Public School. He knew all the wild birds by headmark, and could 
identify their eggs and nests at sight. Their haunts were well 
known to him, and their coming and going always noted. He found 
many unfamiliar species among the hills, woods, and moors, and had 
the satisfaction of being the first to record in West Linton district 
the nest of the siskin. 

While practising with the machine gun at a busy range in the 
south of England, he noticed a small bird repeatedly flying to and 
fro just under a rain of bullets, and obtained leave during a lull in 
the firing to search the ground. He was not a little surprised to find 
the nest and young of a meadow-pipit, for this ground was swept 
with bullets during many hours of each day, and had been so for 
months before. 

His eyesight was particularly keen and well trained, and he 
proved a very fine shot. This doubtless led to his appointment as an 
observer for long distance reconnaissance, and proud indeed he was 
when he was chosen to join the 22nd Squadron of the famous 


"Fighting Bristols." But his career was fated to be a very brief one. 
He had one successful flight on 29th August, and was landing on the 
aerodrome on the 30th after another flight when his companion 
— Lieutenant Walker, a skilful and experienced pilot — was seen to be 
making a too rapid descent. They landed with a crash, and both 
were killed instantaneously. 

They were buried next day in the British Military Cemetery at 
Pernes, in Pas de Calais, about midway between St Pol and Bethune. 

Lieutenant Halley had not reached his 19th birthday. His 
portrait represents him as a cadet. 

"I expect you will already have heard from the Major of 22nd 
Squadron of the sad news of your son, who was killed yesterday in a 
fljnng accident on the aerodrome. No one seems to be quite clear 
how it happened, but it appeared to me, where I stood, that the pilot 
made a too rapid descent, and in trying to recover himself just caught 
the tip of his 'plane in the ground and damaged it, which caused a 
crash a few moments later. We ran to the spot, but nothing could 
be done, as both officers must have died instantaneously and 
painlessly. I know what a great blow this will be to you, and I can 
assure you that all the officers in the Squadron join me in offering 
you our very real sympathy, but, in spite of your great sorrow, I 
think you must feel proud of your son, who has given everything in 
this great cause, and has earned for himself and you the gratitude of 
his country. The funeral took place this afternoon in Pernes Military 
Cemetery, at 2 p.m., when 1 laid his body to rest together with that 
of his -pilot and two other officers of this Squadron who were killed 
the same day. His pilot's name was Second-Lieutenant J. G. 
Walker, also from Scotland, living at Balnahard, Finzean, Aboyne, 

"It is with deep regret I write to give you a few details regarding 
the death of Lieutenant D. B. Halley. Lieutenant Halley arrived at 
this Squadron on Wednesday evening with Lieutenant Walker. They 
had apparently met at the Pool, and, like pilots and observers, had 
arranged to work together. The day following their arrival here they 
went for a short flight in the vicinity of the 'drome, and owing to 
mutual understanding they were posted to the same flight, and would 
have flown together. Yesterday forenoon Lieutenant Walker, pilot, 
and Lieutenant Halley, observer, again went up in the vicinity of the 
'drome to practice wireless. On endeavouring to lanti Lieutenant 
Walker apparently misjudged his height from the ground, and the 
machine crashed, pilot and observer being killed instantly. 
Lieutenant Walker had flown this type of machine a great deal, and 
was a (jualified pilot. It was awfully bad luck, and their loss is 
grieved by all of us, holii being so new to the Sciuadron. Your son 


was buried to-day in the British Cemetery near here. A party of 
men from the Squadron attended, also myself. The Padre who 
officiated is writing to you giving full details. An inventory has 
been made of your son's kit, and all kit is being returned to you 
through Messrs Cox & Co. I enclose herewith two letters found on 
his tunic which I thought you might like to have. Hoping the above 
details will afford some consolation in so great a loss." 

At the service in West Linton Parish Church on Sabbath 
forenoon, 8th September iqi8, the officiating minister, the Rev. J. A. 
Anderson, of West Calder, read the following tribute to the memory 
of the deceased officer, which had been sent by the Rev. S. 
M'Lintock, minister of the parish, who was at the seaside, enjoying 
a well-earned rest : — " The week which has passed has brought 
to a number of the homes in the parish the sad news of wounded 
sons in the war, and the intimation of the death of Second- 
Lieutenant David Bowie Halley, the younger son of Mr and Mrs 
Halley, highly esteemed by us. The letter from the Chaplain of 
the 18th Squadron of the Royal Air Force informs his parents of his 
heroic death, of tlie great respect in which he was held by all the 
officers of the Squadron, and of their heart-felt sympathy with them^ 
in their great sorrow. He further adds that they have much reason 
to feel proud of their son, who has given everything in the great 
cause, and has earned for himself and them the gratitude of his 
country. The letter closes with touching reference to his burial and 
that of his pilot and two other officers killed the same day, at which 
the chaplain officiated, in a military cemetery in France. It is with 
heartfelt sympathy, I am sure, we all share to-day with our respected 
elder and his devoted wife, their wounded son (whom we pray God 
may soon be restored to health and be long spared to them), and 
their sorrowing daughter, in their great loss. Second-Lieutenant 
David Halley was well-known to most if not all of us. He was a 
real Linton lad, born and baptised in Linton, and admitted to the 
membership of this Church a year ago. He was employed in the 
Edinburgh City Analyst's Office when he joined the Royal Air Force. 
He was of a kindly, lively, and affectionate disposition, loved the 
country and the rural life, and in his letters to home spoke of intense 
interest in everything and everybody connected with the parish. We 
mourn his loss, so young, and full of promise for a future life of 
success after the war, but we murmur not, but thank God for all 
that he was to his parents, to the home-circle, to his friends, and for 
the sacrifices he made for the glory of God, for his King and country, 
and the cause of righteousness, liberty, and truth." 

"It is a very great shock to me and my friends who used ta 
meet your son in travelling to Penicuik, to hear of the extremely sad 



news conveyed in your letter. We both liked your boy extremely 
much, and we were specially interested when he seemed to continue 
his association with us by entering the City Analyst's Department, 
and I looked forward to continuing that friendship which had been 
casually made, and I think pleasantly sustained on both sides. My 
chief sorrow now is that I did not see more of him or have greater 
opportunities of closer friendship with him. I seem now to have 
known him so well as to feel a very deep sense of personal loss, and 
very sincere grief I assure you at the very sad news. For yourself 
and Mrs Halley I have the greatest possible sympathy: a fine young 
life full of greatest promise, sacrificed to the wretched avarice of an 
evil country. I well remember talking to him in the train of the 
prospects of his becoming a soldier, and I think I see now his face 
brightened up in expectation of that event. He was a willing soldier 
then, and full of expectancy and determination to take his part with 
others in this great conflict. I appreciate very much indeed your 
kindness in sending to me the sad news, and wish to thank both 
you and Mrs Halley for the very kind thought that prompted you to 
send me such a beautiful photograph of the lad I remember so well. 
I shall treasure this and his memory." 

Lines written by Lieutenant Halley w/ieti t7t France. 

I'm far frae hame and lanely, 

My hert's whiles fu' o' waes ; 
But my thochts aye turn tae Linton, 

Where I spent my childhood's days. 

Gey aften after schule hoors, 

I wad wander up the burn, 
An' wonder whiles if Burns was richt, 

That " Man was made to mourn." 

I loved thae scenes in childhood. 

And though in a foreign land. 
The distance ne'er can sever 

That ever-tugging hand. 

Perhaps I shall return again, 

And once more freely roam 
Through the dells and grassy woodlands 

O' my far-off Scottish home. 

But maybe no ! My earthly race 

May very soon be run! 
Then God give me the strength to say — 

"O Lord! Thy will be done!" 

Farewell ! my bonnie little toon. 

And try your tears to quell. 
From tliis dark bloody battlefield, 

I send my last farewell. 


I've heard them liltin" at our ewe-milkin', 

Lasses a-liltin' before dawn o' day; 
Now there's a moanin' on ilka green loanin' — 

The flowers of the forest are a' wede away. 

At buchts in the mornin' nae blythe lads are scornin', 
Lasses are lanely, and dowie, and wae ; 

Nae daffin', nae gabbin', but sighin' and sabbin', 
Ilk ane lifts her leglin and hies her away. 

In hairst, at the shearin', nae youths now are jeerin', 
The bandsters are runkled, and lyart, and gray; 

At fair or at preachin', nae wooin', nae fleechin' — 
The flowers of the forest are a' wede away. 

At e'en, in the gloamin', nae swankies are roamin', 
'Bout stacks, 'mang the lasses at bogle to play; 

But each ane sits dreary, lamentin' her dearie — 
The flowers of the forest are a' wede away. ' 

We'll hear nae mair liltin' at the ewe-milkin': 
Women and bairns are dowie and wae ; 

Sighin' and moanin" on ilka green loanin' — 

The flowers of the forest are a' wede away. ; 



Lieutenant COLlN BRUCE. 


39- Xicutcnant Colin Bruce, 

IbiciblaiiC) Xicibt 5iifantrB. 

1918 — September 5. 

Colin Bruce was the elder son of Mr Patrick Chalmers Bruce of 
Kinleith, Currie, Midlothian, and Baddinsgill, West Linton, Peeblesshire, 
and of his wife, Lucy Walmsley Bruce. He was educated at 
Cargilfield and Harrow. He subsequently travelled in India and 
Ceylon, and was intending to go into his father's business, when 
war broke out. Lieutenant Bruce was gazetted to the qth Seaforth 
Highlanders in October 1914, but as that Battalion was turned into a 
Pioneer Battalion, and only engineer officers were wanted, he joined 
the Black Watch. He was not passed medically fit for foreign 
service, but remained in the Black Watch till September 1916, when he 
was transferred to the Highland Light Infantry. He went to France 
in December 1917 to join the 14th Battalion, and came home on leave 
in March 1918, returning to France at the time of the retreat. His 
Battalion was then disbanded, and he joined the 6th Battalion in May. 
He was wounded in the head on 27th August 1918, in the attack on 
Fontaine-Croisilles, and died on 5th September, in hospital, at 

His Colonel wrote to his father: — "While your son had not been 
with this Battalion long, he was no stranger to us, and had any 
number of friends, all of wliom admired him. He was not a mere 
unit, he was one of us, and on that account every officer in the 
Battalion mourns with you and your family in your great loss." 

The Chaplain wrote. — " Our Battalion was leading the attack for 
the second time on the Fontaine-Croisilles position, and Lieutenant 
Bruce was in command of B Company. While the enemy resistance 
was not actually very strong, his barrage was heav}^ and his machine 
gunners fought with great determination and did us a good deal of 
damage. Everything your son had to do he did with gallantry and 
ability. We deeply regret losing him, for, although he was only with 
us a short time, he had won a place in the affection of the Battalion. 
We regarded him as a veteran ; we were new to France, and he had 
seen much hard service, and had come through many trying 


Private FRANK BELL. 


40. private franh IBcil 

l/9tb IRoyal Scots. 

1918 — November 3. 

1918, November 3.- — On the day previous, the British completed the 
capture of Valenciennes. The French captured Semuy and the south 
bank of the Canal des Ardennes from Semuy to Neuville. The 
Argonne Forest was completely cleared of the enemy. The Americans 
advanced rapidly in the Meuse sector. On the Sunday on which Frank 
Bell died the sailors of the German Fleet were mutinying. The 
Belgians advanced south of the Dutch frontier and captured Baasvelde 
and Steydinge. Between the Upper Aisne and the Meuse the Americans 
and French advanced rapidly on a front of thirty miles. On the day 
following, revolution began to spread in Germany, and a great British 
and French offensive began on a thirty-mile front from east of the 
Scheldt at Valenciennes to Guise on the Oise. 

Private Frank Bell was the son of Mr and Mrs R. Bell, Hawick. 
Before going out to France for the last time, in 1918, he was 
transferred to the l/Qth Battalion of The Royal Scots. On the 29th 
October 1918 he was badly gassed. He was sent to No. 15 Clearing 
Station, where he died on the 3rd November. He was buried in the 
Military Cemetery at Etaples. Frank's death was a terrible blow to 
his parents, taking place as it did so near the close of the war. His 
letters home were always bright and cheerful. He was 25 years of 
age, and was employed as a gamekeeper at Spitalhaugh when war 
broke out. 


The Rev. S. M'LlNTOCK. 


Captain tbc IRcv. S. flD'Xintoci^, 

Zbc SolDicrs' ffi1cnC>. 

1922 — April 12. 

The Rev. S. M'LINTOCK was minister of West Linton for forty-five 
years; and died on tlie 12th of April 1922. In his younger years Mr 
M'Lintock held a Captain's commission in the Queen's Edinburgh 
Royal Volunteer Brigade, and during all his ministerial life he was 
ever a warm friend to young soldiers. His sympathies and activities 
in this direction found full scope during the Great War, especially 
when a small war hospital was established in his parish. 
Everything that could be done on behalf of the spiritual and physical 
necessities of the young soldiers was either initiated or carried out by 
him. He kept up a constant and continuing correspondence with 
them all when on active service, and was a ready and sincere 
consoler to the bereaved. The widows, parents, and children of 
those who fell during the war found in him the most devoted of 
friends. And when the Tweeddale lads, mobilised at Haddington, 
received their sudden summons to active service abroad on that dreary 
Monday morning of the 2nd November 1914, it was Mr M'Lintock 
who hurried through to the muster-place with as many of their 
relatives that he could collect in the brief time. He addressed the 
departing men and lads belonging to West Linton, most of whom he 
had baptised, commending them to the Almighty in prayer, and 
presented to everyone a pocket Bible. Throughout all their 
campaigns those lads and men never forgot the truly fatherly and 
affectionate send-off which so cheered and encouraged them on their 
fateful departure from Tweeddale. 





Thou wast their Rock, their Fortress and their Might ; 
Thou, Lord, their Captain in the well-fought fight; 
Thou, in the darkness drear, their one true Light. 

O may Thy soldiers, faithful, true, and bold, 
Fight as the saints who nobly fought of old. 
And win, with them, the victor's crown of gold. 

O blest communion, fellowship Divine! 
We feebly struggle, they in glory shine ; 
Yet all are one in Thee, for all are Thine. 

And when the strife is fierce, the warfare long. 

Steals on the ear the distant triumph song, 

And hearts are brave again and arms are strong. 

The golden evening brightens in the west ; 
Soon, soon to faithful warriors cometh rest ; 
Sweet is the calm of Paradise the blest. 

But, lo! there breaks a yet more glorious day: 
The saints triumphant rise in bright array ; 
The King of Glory passes on His way. 

From earth's wide bounds, from ocean's furthest coast. 
Through gates of pearl streams in the countless host. 
Singing to Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, 

" Hallelujah ! " 


How bright these glorious spirits shine! 

Wlience all their white aiTay? 
How came they to the blissful seats 

Of everlasting day? 
Lo ! these are they from suff 'rings great, 

Who came to realms of light, 
And in the blood of Christ have wash'd 

Those robes which shine so bright. 

Now, with triumphal palms, they stand 

Before the throne on high, 
And serve the God they love, amidst 

The glories of the sky. 
His presence fills each heart with joy. 

Tunes ev'ry mouth to sing ; 
By day, by night, the sacred courts 

With glad hosannah-? ring. 

Hunger and thirst are felt no more, 

Nor suns with scorching ray ; 
God is their sun, whose cheering beams 

Diffuse eternal day. 
The Lamb which dwells amidst the throne 

Shall o'er them still preside; 
Feed them with nourishment divine. 

And all their footsteps guide. 

'Mong pastures green he'll lead his flock, 

Where living streams appear; 
And God the Lord from ev'ry eye 

Shall wipe off ev'ry tear. 




Anderson, G., Sergeant, 1917, April 23, 

Barr, W., Private, 1916, July 15, 
Bell, Frank, Private, 1918. November 3, 
Brown, D. H., Private, 1915. April 25, 
Bruce, Colin, Lieutenant, 1918, September 5, 
Bruce, Robert, Private. 1918, April 12, 


. 25 

. 9 


Caird, P., Private, 1916, September 17. 
Cetilous, .......] 

Chalmers, W. D.. Private. 1915, July 12. 19 

Clark. G. M., Captain. 1917, November 12, 65 

Cunningham, J. C, Sergeant. 1918, Aug. 26, 85 

Dickson, R., Major, 1918, May 27, . 75 

Faed, J. R. H., Midshipmm, 1915, May 12, 11 

Farquharson, A. F. , Private. 1917, Aug. 22, 57 

Fergusson, J. A.. Lieut., 1914, Sept. 20, 3 

Fergusson, T. R. Colyer, Lieut., 1917, July 31, 51 

P'inlayson, P., Private, 1916, November 18, 35 
Flowers of the Fores f. The, . . .91 

Fraser, J., Private. 1918, April 11, . . 71 

Garden. G., Private, 1915, September 25, 21 

Gill, Alex., Private, 1917, April 4, . . 37 

Gillespie, D. V., Lieutenant, 1918, April 6, 69 

Halley, D. B., Second-Lieut., 1918, Aug. 30, 87 

Hayton, J. T., Private. 1917, April 9, . . 39 

How bright those glorious spirits shine, . 100 

Kirkhope, J., Gunner, 1916, September 27, 31 

Liberalis, ....... 1 


M'Gill, H. R.. Private, 1918, Julv 19, . 81 

M'Gill, W., Shoeing Smith, 1914, Nov. 16, 7 
M'Lintock, Rev. S., Captain, 1922, April 12, 97 

March of the Cameron Men, The, 
Moore, J., Private, 1916, August 4, 
Muir, A. Private, 1917, October 22. . 
Muir, John, Lance-Corporal, 1917, Nov. 7, 


News of Battle, 






Ochiltree. R. R., Ship Steward. 1917, July 9, 49 

Paterson, D. M., Private, 1917. June 29, . 47 

Ritchie, W. L., Lieutenant, 1917, August 1, 55 

Rodger. Alex., Lance-Corporal, 1917, June 10, 45 

Sanderson, A., Major, 1915, June 28. .13 

Sibb.ald, John, Private, 1917, August 28, . 59 

Soutar, W., Private, 1917, December 2, . 67 

Sutherland, J. D., Private, 1916, October 26, 33 

Thomson, E. J.. Lieutenant, 1915, June 28, 
Thomson, F. W. , Sec. -Lieut.. 1915, June 28, 
Thou wast their Rock, .... 

Urquhart, D., Corporal, 1915. September 25, 

Wilson, Alex., Private, 1917, April 23, 

Yarrow Stone, The, ..... 


Seal of Sir W. Adamson, Vicar of West Linton, 1436.