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Full text of "The ... book of Virgil's Æneid, with a vocabulary ed. by J.T. White. (White's grammar sch. texts ..."

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^\' HUE'S 

GR/,M«AR SCHOOI 

TEXTS. 



THE FIFTH BOOK 



OF 



VIRGIL'S ^NEID 



LONDON t 

GILBBRT AND RIVINGTON, PRINTRRS, 

ST. JOHN*S SQUARB. 



l^mr^s ijHAUMAR School 1 exts 



THE FIFTH BOOK 



VIRGIL'S ^NEID 



iVlTH A VOCABULARY 




LONDON 
LONGMANS, GREEN, K'S^ <i'a. 



PREFACE. 



For some long time past, it has been widely felt 
that a reduction in the cost of Classical Works 
used in schools generally, and more especially in 
those intended for boys of the middle classes, is 
at once desirable and not difficult of accomplish- 
ment. For the most part only portions of authors 
are read in the earlier stages of education, and a 
pupil is taken from one work to another in each 
successive half-year or term; so that a book 
needlessly large and proportionably expensive is 
laid aside after a short and but partial use. 

In order, therefore, to meet what is certainly a 
want, Portions of the Classical Writers usually 
read in Schools are now being issued under the 
title of Grammar School Texts ; while, at the 
request of various Masters, it has been determined 
to add to the series some of the Gospels in Greek. 

Each Text is provided VmYi ^Noq.ksv3\.k?ks. ^>. 
the words occurring in \t. \xv e^^vi c^^'^fc ^^^ 



vi PREFACE. 

origin of a word, when known, is stated at the com- 
mencement of the article treating of it, if connected 
with another Latin, or Greek, word ; at the end of 
it, if derived from any other source. Further still, 
the primary or etymological meaning is always 
given, within inverted commas, in Roman type, 
and so much also of each word's history as is 
needful to bring down its chain of meanings to 
the especial force, or forces, attaching to it in 
the particular " Text/' 

r Moreover, as an acquaintance with the principles 
of Grammar, as well as with Etymology, is 
necessary to the understanding of a language, such 
points of construction as seem to require elucida- 
tion are concisely explained under the proper 
articles, or a reference is simply made to that rule 
in the Public Schools Latin Primer^ or in Parry's 
Elementary Greek Grammar^ which meets the 
particular difficulty. It occasionally happens, how- 
ever, that more information is needed than can be 
gathered from the above-named works. When 
such is the case, whatever is requisite is supplied, 
in substance, from Jelf 's Greek Grammar, Winer's 
Grammar of New Testament Greek, or the Latiif 
Grammars of Zumpt and Madvig. 

Z.o?iDON : ^/tuary, 1876. 



ARGUMENT. 



The flames of Dido's fun^al-pile seen by i^neas and the 
Trojans while sailing towards Italy. Trojan fleet driven 
by a storm to the coast of Sicily. Acestes. iEneas 
resolves to celebrate fimeral-games on the anniversary of 
his father's death. Pours out libations and sacrifices at 
his father's tomb. The funeral-games : viz. the rowing- 
match ; the foot-race ; the fight with the caestiis ; shooting 
at a pigeon fastened to the mast of a ship. Acestes dis- 
charges his arrow with such force that it becomes ignited. 
Representation of an equestrian fight by three bands of 
boys. Said by Virgil to be the origin of the Roman 
game, Troja, At the instigation of Iris, who is sent by 
Jimo, the Trojan women set fire to the ships. Four 
ships destroyed ; the rest being saved by a heavy rain sent 
by Jupiter. Nautes counsels iEneas to leave in Sicily 
such of his followers as are wearied of their wanderings, 
together with the old men and the women. Anchises 
appears to iEneas in a vision, and bids him adopt the 
advice givea Informs him that he must descend with the 
Sibyl to the lower world, and that there he will see the 
long line of his descendants. iEna^s iovov.^ ^ ^^^ ^'^'^ 
those whom he is about to leave m ^\cvV^ . V^-ml^ "^^^ ^ 
under the rule of Acestes. Sels saW lox VwC^-^* ^^ecc^^ 



viii ARGUMENT. 

entreats Neptune to grant him a favourable voyage. 
Neptune recounts how he had beforetime succoured him, 
and promises to befriend him still. Foretells the death 
of one of his followers. Calms the sea, and disperses the 
storm-clouds. The fleet proceeds on its course. Somnus, 
the sleep-god, assuming the shape of Phorbas, tries to 
induce Palinurus to quit the helm and take repose. 
Failing in his purpose, sprinkles Palinurus with water 
from Lethe, and throws him headlong into the sea. The 
fleet approaches the rocks of the Sirens. iEneas discovers 
the loss of Palinurus, and takes his place at the helm. 
Laments the loss of his friend. 



> 



p. VIRGILII MARONIS .ENEIDOS 



LIBER V. 



Tnterea medium JEneas jam classe tenebat 
Certus iter, fluctusque atros Aquilone secabat, 
Moenia respiciens, quae jam infelicis Elissae 
Collucent flammis : quae tantum accenderit ignem, 
Causa latet ; duri magno sed amore dolores 5 

PoUuto, notumque, furens quid femina possit, 
Triste per augurium Teucrorum pectora ducunt 
Ut pelagus tenuere rates, nee jam amplius ulla 
Occurrit tellus, coelum undique et undique pontus ; 
OUi caei*uleus supra caput astitit imber, 10 

Noctem hiememque ferens ; et inhorruit unda 

tenebris. 
Ipse gubernator puppi Palinurus ab alta : 
" Heu ! quianam tanti cinxerunt aethera nimbi ? 
Quidve, pater Neptune, paras ?** Sic deinde loquutus, 
Colligere arma jubet, validisque incumbere remis, 
Obliquatque sinus in ventum, ac talva^ fetors. \ ^'^ 
" Magnanime iEnea, noii, s\ X!dS!dl\'\>\^\\sx -a^siycK. 



2 P. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Spondeat, hoc sperem Italiam contingere coelo. 
Mutati transversa fremunt et vespere ab atro 
Consurgunt venti ; atque in nubem cogitur aer. 20 
Nee nos obniti contra, nee tendere tantum 
Sufficimus : superat quoniam Fortuna, sequamur ; 
Quoque vocat, vertamus iter. Nee litora longe 
Fida reor fraterna Erycis portusque Sieanos ; 
Si mod6 rite memor servata remetior astra." 25 
Turn pius ^neas : " Equidem sic poscere ventos 
Jamdudum et frustra eerno te tendere contra. 
Fleete viam velis. An sit mihi gratior ulla, 
Qu6ve magis fessas optem dimittere naves, 
Quam quae Dardanium tellus mihi servat Acesten, 
Et patris Anehisae gremio complectitur ossa ?" 31 
Haee ubi dicta, petunt portus, et vela seeundi 
Intendunt Zephyri : fertur cita gurgite elassis : 
Et tandem laeti notae advertuntur arenas. 

At proeul excels© miratus vertice mentis 35 

Advientum soeiasque rates occurrit Acestes, 
Horridus in jaculis et pelle Libystidis ursae : 
Troia Crimiso conceptum flumine mater 
Quem genuit. Veterum non immemor ille parentum 
Gratatur reduces, et gaza laetus agresti 40 

Exeipit, ae fessos opibus solatur amieis. 

Postera quum primo Stellas oriente fugSrat 
Clara dies, socios in coetum litore ab omni 
Advocat ^neas, tumulique ex aggere fatur : 

" Dardanidae magni, genus alto a sanguine diviunb 
Annuus exactis eompletur mensibus orbis, 46 

jSjt quo reWquias divinique ossa parentis 
<^ondj'dimus terra,, moestasque sacravimws ax^^. 



jENEIDOS LIB. V. 3 

Jamque dies, ni fallor, adest, quern semper acerbum, 
Semper honoratum, sic di voluistis, habebo. 50 

Hunc ego Gaetulis agerem si Syrtibus exsul, 
Argolicove mari deprensus et urbe Mycenae, 
Annua vota tamen sollennesque ordine pompas 
Exsequerer, strueremque suis altaria donis. 
Nunc ultro ad cineres ipsius et ossa parentis 55 
(Haud equidem sine mente, reor, sine numine divAm) 
Adsumus ; et portus delati intramus amicos. 
Ergo agite, et laetum cuncti celebremus honorem ; 
Poscamus ventos, atque hsec mea sacra quotannis 
Urbe velit posita templis sibi ferre dicatis. 60 

Bina boum vobis Troja generatus Acestes 
Dat numero capita in naves : adhibete Penates 
Et patrios epulis, et quos colit hospes Acestes. 
Prasterea, si nona diem mortalibus almum 
Aurora extulerit radii sque retexerit orbem, 65 

Prima citse Teucris ponam certamina classis ; 
Quique pedum cursu valet, et qui viribus audax, 
Aut jaculo incedit melior levibusve sagittis, 
Seu crudo fidit pugnam committere caestu ; 
Cuncti adsint, meritaeque exspectent praemia palmae. 
Ore favete omnes et cingite tempora ramis." 71 

Sic fatus velat matema tempora myrto ; 
Hoc Helymus facit, hoc aevi maturus Acestes, 
Hoc puer Ascanius : sequitur quos cetera pubes. 
I lie e concilio multis cum millibus ibat 75 

Ad tumulum, magna medius comitante caterva. 
Hlc duo rite mero libans carchesvai B^cOciic^ 
Fundit humi, duo lacte novo, ^mo %ax\.^v«\^'s»s2t^\ 
Puipureosque jacit (lores, ac Xi^iai IblVox \ 

B -2 



4 P. VIRGILII MARONIS 

* Salve, sancte parens : iterum salvete, recepti 80 
Nequiquam cineres, animaeque umbraeque paternae. 
Non licuit fines Italos fataliaque arva 
Nee tecum Ausonium, quicumque est, quaerere 

Tybrim." 
Dixerat haec, adytis quum lubricus anguis ab imis 
Septem ingens gyros, septena volumina traxit, 85 
Amplexus placid^ tumulum, lapsusque per aras ; 
Caeru^eae cui terga notae, maculosus et auro 
Squamam incendebat fulgor : ceu nubibus arcus 
Mille jacit varies adverse sole colores. 
Obstupuit visu -^neas ; ille agmine longo 90 

Tandem inter pateras et levia pocula serpens 
Libavitque dapes, rursusque innoxius imo 
Successit tumulo, et depasta altaria liquit. 
Hoc magis inceptos genitori instaurat honores, 
Incertus geniumne loci famulurnne parentis 95 

Esse putet ; caedit binas de more bidentes, 
Totque sues, totidem nigrantes terga juvencos ; 
Vinaque fundebat pateris, animamque vocabat 
Anchisae magni Manesque Acheronte reinissos. 
Necnon et socii, quae cuique est copia, laeti 100 

Dona ferunt, onerantque aras mactantque juvencos ; 
Ordine aena locant alii ; fusique per herbam 
Subjiciunt verubus prunas, et viscera torrent 

Exspectata dies aderat, nonamque serena 
Auroram Phaethontis equi jam luce vehebant, 105 
Famaque finitimos et clari nomen Acestae 
-Excj'erat : laeto compl^rant litora coetu 
Visuri yEneadas ; pars et certare paral\. 
^^unera principio ante oculos circoque \ocaxv\Mt 



jEneidos lib. V, 5 

In medio, sacri tripodes viridesque coronas i lo 

Et palmae, pretium victoribus ; armaque, et ostro 
Perfusae vestes, argenti auri que talenta : 
£t tuba commissos medio canit aggere ludos. 

Prima pares ineunt gravibus certamina remis 
Quatuor, ex omni delectae classe, carinse, 115 

Velocem Mnestheus agit acri remige Pristin, 
Mox Italus Mnestheus, genus a quo nomine Memmi 
Ingentemque Gyas ingenti mole Chimaeram, 
Urbis opus, triplici pubes quam Dardana versu 
Impellunt ; terno consurgunt ordine remi ; 120 

Sergestusque, domus tenet a quo Sergia nomen, 
Centauro invehitur magna ; Scyllaque Cloanthus 
Caerulea, genus unde tibi, Romane Cluenti 

Est procul in pelago saxum spumantia contra 
Litora, quod tumidis submersum tunditur olim 125 
Fluctibus, hiberni condunt ubi sidera Cori : 
Tranquillo silet immotaque attollitur unda 
Campus, et apricis statio gratissima merges. 
Hie viridem -^neas frondenti ex ilice metam 
Constituit, signum nautis, pater ; unde reverti 130 
Scirent, et longos ubi circumflectere cursus. 
Tum loca sorte legunt ; ipsique in puppibus auro 
Ductores long^ effulgent ostroque decori: 
Cetera populea velatur fronde juventus, 
Nudatosque humeros oleo perfusa nitescit. 135 

Considunt transtris, intentaque brachia remis ; 
Intenti exspectant signum ; exsultantiaque haurit 
Corda pavor pulsans laudumque arrecta cupido. 

Inde ubi clara dedit sotviXMov \xi\i^^ 'wcc^a^^ wscx- 
es- ^'^^ 



6 P. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Haud mora — prosiluere suis ; ferit aethera clamor 
Nauticus ; adductis spumant freta versa lacertis. 
Infindunt pariter sulcos, totumque dehiscit 
Convulsum remis rostrisque tridentibus aequor. 
Non tarn praecipites bijugo certamine campum 
Corripuere ruuntque eflfusi carcere currus ; 145 

Nee sic immissis aurigae undantia lora 
Concussere jugis, pronique in verbera pendem. 
Turn plausu fremituque viriim studiisque faventAm 
Consonat omne nemus, vocemque inclusa volutant 
Litora ; pulsati colles clamore resultant. 150 

Effugit ante alios primisque elabitur undis 
Turbam inter fremitumque Gyas ; quem deinde 

Cloanthus 
Consequitur melior remis ; sed pondere pinus 
Tarda tenet. Post hos aequo discrimine Pristis 
Centaunisque locum tendunt superare priorem; 155 
Et nunc Pristis habet ; nunc victam praeterit ingens 
Centaurus ; nunc una ambae junctisque feruntur 
Frontibus et longa sulcant vada salsa carina. 
Jamque propinquabant scopulo, metamque ten- 

ebant ; 
Quum princeps medioque Gyas in gurgite victor 160 
Rectorem navis compellat voce Menoeten : 
" Quo tantum mihi dexter abis ? hue dirige gressum ; 
Litus ama ; et laevas stringat sine palmula cautes ; 
Altum alii teneant." Dixit : sed caeca Menoetes 
Saxa timens, proram pelagi detorquet ad undas : 165 
" Quo diversus abis ? iterum, pete saxa, Menoete/' 
Cum clamore Gyas revocabat : et ecce ! Cloanthum 
-^espicit j'nstantem tergo, et propiora tenejnXfcrcu 



jENEIDOS LIB, V. 7 

lUe inter navemque Gyae scopulosque sonantes 
Radit iter laevum interior, subitusque priorem 170 
Praeterit, et metis tenet aequora tuta relictis. 
Turn verb exarsit juveni dolor ossibus ingens, 
Nee lacrimis caruere genae ; segnemque Menceten, 
Oblitus decorisque sui sociumque salutis, 
In mare praecipitem puppi deturbat ab alta. 175 
Ipse gubernaclo rector subit, ipse magister, 
]Hortaturque viros, clavumque ad litora torquet 
At gravis ut fundo vix tandem redditus imo est 
Jam senior, madidaque fluens in veste, Menoetes 
Summa petit scopuli, siccaque in rupe resedit 180 
Ilium et labentem Teucri et risere natantem, 
Et salsos rident revomentem pectore fluctus. 
Hic laeta extremis spes est accensa duobus, 
Sergesto Mnestheique, Gyan superare morantem. 
Sergestus capit ant^ locum, scopuloque propinquat ; 
Nee tota tamen ille prior praeeunte carina, 186 

Parte prior ; partem rostro premit aemula Pristis. 
At media socios incedens nave per ipsos 
Hortatur Mnestheus : '^ Nunc, nunc insurgite remis, 
Hectorei socii, Trojae quos sorte suprema 190 

Delegi comites ; nunc illas promite vires. 
Nunc animos, quibus in Gaetulis Syrtibus usi, 
lonioque mari, Maleaeque sequaeibus undis. 
Non jam prima peto Mnestheus, neque vincere 

certo ; 
Quamquam o ! — sed superent, quibus hoc, Neptune, 

dedisti. iq^ 

Extremos pudeat rediisse •. Vioc >rvxN.c\\fc, clxs^'s*^ 
Et prohibete nefas," 0\\\ cetX.^xavaa vaxwssv^ 



8 P. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Procumbunt : vastis tremit ictibus aerea puppis, 
Subtrahiturque solum ; turn creber anhelitus artus 
Aridaque ora quatit : sudor fluit undique rivis. 200 

Attulit ipse viris optatum casus honorem. 
Namque furens animi dum proram ad saxa suburge 
Interior spatioque subit Sergestus iniquo ; 
Infelix saxis in procurrentibus haesit. 
Concussae cautes, et acuto in murice remi 205 

Obnixi crepuere, illisaque prora pependit. 
Consurgunt nautae, et magno clamore morantur : 
Ferratasque sude et acuta cspide contos 
Expediunt, fractosque legunt in gurgite remos. 
At laetus Mnestheus, successuque acrior ipsO; 210 
Agmine remorum celeri, ventisque vocatis, 
Prona petit maria et pelago decurrit aperto. 
Qualis spelunca subito commota columba, 
Cui domus et dulces latebroso in pumice nidi, 
Fertur in arva volans, plausumque exterrita pennis 
Dat tecto ingentem ; mox aere lapsa quieto, 216 
Radit iter liquidum celeres neque commovet alas: 
Sic Mnestheus, sic ipsa fuga secat ultima Pristis 
^quora : sic illam fert impetus ipse volantem. 
Et primiim in scopulo luctantem deserit alto 220 
Sergestum brevibusque vadis, frustraque vocantem 
Auxilia, et fractis discentem currere remis. 
Inde Gyan ipsamque ingenti mole Chimaeram 
Consequitur ; cedit, quoniam spoliata magistro est. 
Solus jamque ipso superest in fine Cloanthus ; 225 
Quern petit et summis adnixus viribus urget. 
77//Z7 verd ingeminat clamor, cuncUque sec\yieGXs.xa 
^sti^ant studiis, resonatque fragoribus a£\h.et* 



^NEIDOS LIB. V, 9 

Hi proprium decus et partum indignantur honorem, 
Ni teneant, vitamque volunt pro laude pacisci. 230 
Hos successus alit ; possunt, quia posse videntur. 
Et fors aequatis cepissent praemia rostris ; 
Ni palmas ponto tendens utrasque Cloanthus 
Fudissetque preces, divosque in vota vocasset : 
" Di, quibus imperium est pelagi, quorum aequora 
curro, 235 

Vobis Isetus ego hoc candentem in litore taurum 
Constituam ante aras voti reus, extaque salsos 
Porriciam in fluctus, et vina liquentia fundam." 
Dixit, eumque imis sub fluctibus audiit omnis 
Nereidum Phorcique chorusi^ Panopeaque virgo ; 
Et pater ipse manu magna Portunus euntem 241 
Impulit : ilia Noto citius volucrique sagitta 
Ad terram fugit, et portu se condidit alto. 

Turn satus Anchisa, cunctis ex more vocatis, 
Victorem magna praeconis voce Cloanthum 245 
Declarat, viridique advelat tempora lauro, 
Muneraque in naves ternos optare juvencos, 
Vinaque, et argenti magnum dat ferre talentum. 
Ipsis praecipuos ductoribus addit honores : 
Victori chlamydem auratam, quam plurima circum 
Purpura Maeandro duplici Meliboea cucurrit, 251 
Intextusque puer frondosa regius Ida 
Veloces jaculo cervos cursuque fatigat, 
Acer, anhelanti similis ; quern praepes ab Ida 
Sublimem pedibus rapuit Jovis armiger uncis. 255 
Longaevi palmas nequiquam ad sidera tendiiat 
Custodes, saevitque caIvu^v\2A.t^X^3lS vsx'axff'a.'s*. 
At, qui deinde locum teuu\X \\x\M\fc ^^c^axA^^^> 



lo p. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Levibus huic hamis consertam auroque trilicem 
Loricam, quam Demoleo detraxerat ipse 260 

Victor apud rapidum Simoenta sub Ilio alto, 
Donat habere viro, decus et tutamen in armis. 
Vix illam famuli Phegeus Sagarisque ferebant 
Multiplicem, connixi humeris ; indufcus at olim 
DeiijUDleus cursu palantes Troas agebat. 265 

Tertia dona facit geminos ex aere lebetas, 
Cymbiaque aigento perfecta atque aspera signis. 
Jamque adeo donati omnes, opibusque superbi, 
Puniceis ibant evincti tempora taenis ; 
Quum saevo e scopulo multa vix arte revulsus, 270 
Amissis remis, atque ordine debilis uno, 
Irrisam sine honore ratem Sergestus agebat. 
Qualis saepe viae deprensus in aggere serpens, 
iErea quern obliquum rota transiit, aut gravis ictu 
Seminecem liquit saxo lacerumque viator, 275 

Nequiquam longos fugiens dat corpore tortus, 
Parte ferox ardensque oculis et sibila colla 
Arduus attoUens ; pars vulnere clauda retentat 
Nexantem nodis seque in sua membra plicantem. 
Tali remigio navis se tarda movebat ; 280 

Vela facit tamen, et plenis subit ostia velis. 
Sergestum iCneas promisso munere donat, 
Servatam ob navem laetus sociosque reductos. 
OUi serva datur, operum liaud ignara Minervae, 
Cressa genus, Pholoe, geminique sub ubere nati. 

Hoc pius iCneas misso certamine tendit 286 

Gramineuin in campum, quem collibus undique 
curvis 
^in^ebant silvx ;■ mediaque in valle tVieaXn 



[■ 



jE NET DOS LIB. V. 1 1 

Circus erat; qu6 se multis cum millibus heros 

Consessu medium tulit, exstructoque resedit 290 

Hic, qui fortfe velint rapido contendere cursu, 

Invitat pretiis animos, et praemia ponit 

Undique conveniunt Teucri, mistique Sicani: 

Nisus et Euryalus primi ; 

Euryalus forma insignis viridique juventa ; 295 

Nisus, amore pio pueri : quos deinde sequutus 

Regius egregia Priami de stirpe Diores : 

Hunc SaliuSy simul et Patron ; quorum alter Acam- 

an; 
Alter ab Arcadia, Tegeaeae sanguine gentis. 
Tum duo Trinacrii juvenes, Helymus Panopesque, 
Assueti silvis, comites senioris Acestae. 301 

Multi praeterea, quos fama obscura recondit. 
^neas quibus in mediis sic deinde loquutus : 

'' Accipite haec animis laetasque advertite mentes : 
Nemo ex hoc numero mihi non donatus abibit. 305 
Gnosia bina dabo levato lucida ferro 
Spicula, caelatamque argento ferre bipennem ; 
Omnibus hic erit unus honos. Tres praemia primi 
Accipient, flavaque caput nectentur oliva. 
Primus equum phaleris insignem victor habeto. 310 
Alter Amazon iam pharetram, plenamque sagittis 
Threiciis ; lato quam circum amplectitur auro 
Balteus, et tereti subnectit fibula gemma. 
Tertius Argolica hac galea contentus abito." 314 

Haec ubi dicta, locum capiunt, signoque repente 
Corripiunt spatia audito, limenque relinquunt 
Effusi, nimbo similes ; sircvul \3\\.\TcvaL sv^c^axtX^ 
Primus abit iong^ue ante oratvva. cor^xaw'^^s^'^ 



12 P, VIRGILII MARONIS 

Emicat, et ventis et fulminis ocior alls. 

Proximus huic, longo sed proximus intervallo, 320 

Insequitur Salius. Spatio p6st deinde relicto 

Tertius Euryalus, 

Euryalumque Helymus sequitur. Quo deinde sub 

ipso 
Ecce volat, calcemque terit jam calce D lores, 
Incumbens humero : spatia et si plura supersint, 
Transeat elapsus prior, ambiguumve relinquat. 326 

Jamque fere spatio extremo fessique sub ipsam 
Finem adventabant, levi quum sanguine Nisus 
Labitur infelix ; caesis ut fort^ juvencis 
Fusus humum viridesque super madefecerat herbas. 
Hie juvenis, jam victor ovans, vestigia presso 331 
Haud tenuit titubafa solo ; sed pronus in ipso 
Concidit immundoque fimo sacroque cruore. 
Non tamen Euryali, non ille oblitus amorum, 
Nam sese opposuit Salio per lubrica surgens : 335 
Ille autem spissa jacuit revolutus arena. 
Emicat Euryalus, et munere victor amici 
Prima tenet, plausuque volat fremituque secundo. 
P6st Helymus subit, et nunc tertia palma Diores. 
Hie totum caveae consessum ingentis et ora 340 
Prima patrum magnis Salius clamoribus implet, 
Ereptumque dolo reddi sibi poscit honorem. 
Tutatur favor Euryalum lacrimaeque decorae, 
Gratior et pulchro veniens in corpore virtus. 
Adjuvat et magna proclamat voce Diores, 345 

Qui subiit palmae, frustraque ad praemia venit 
C/Jtima, si primi Salio redduntur honores. 
^^J22j?ater ^neas, ^'Wstra," inquil," muti^ia.\ci\A^ 



jENEIDOS lib. v. 13 

Certa manent, pueri, et palmam movet ordine nemo. 
Me liccat casus misereri insontis amici." 350 

Sic fatus tergum Gaetuli immane leonis 
Dat Salio, villis onerosum atque unguibus aureis. 
Hjc Nisus, " Si tanta," inquit, " sunt praemia victis, 
Et te lapsorum miseret ; quae munera Niso 
Digna dabis, primam merui qui laude coronam ; 
Ni me, quae Salium, fortuna inimica tulisset ?" 356 
Et simul his dictis faciem ostentabat, et udo 
Turpia membra fimo. Risit pater optimus oUi, 
Et clypeum efferri jussit, Didymaonis artes, 
Neptuni sacro Danais de poste refixum. 360 

Hoc juvenem egregium praestanti munere donat. 

P6st, ubi confecti cursus, et dona peregit : 
" Nunc, si cui virtus animusque in pectore praesens* 
Adsit et evinctis attoUat brachia palmis." 
Sic ait, et geminum pugnae proponit honorem : 365 
Victori velatum auro vittisque juvencum ; 
Ensem atque insignem galeam solatia victo. 

Nee mora : continu6 vastis cum viribus effert 
Ora Dares, magnoque virAm se murmure tollit : 
Solus qui Paridem solitus contendere contra ; 370 
Idemque ad tumulum, quo maximus occubat Hector, 
Victorem Buten immani corpore, qui se 
Bebrycia veniens Amyci de gente ferebat, 
Perculit, et fulva moribundum extendit arena. 
Talis prima Dares caput altum in proelia tollit, 375 
Ostenditque humeros latos, altemaque jactat 
Brachia protendens, et verberat \ct.\\5w»& "aMXT^^. 
Qua?ritur huic alius : nee c^Xsc^-axa «x. "^^^ss^ 
tan to 



14 P. VIRGIUI MARONIS 

Audet adire virum, manibusque inducere caestus. 
£rg6 alacris cunctosque putans excedere palma 
^neae stetit ante pedes ; nee plura moratus 381 
Turn laeva taurum comu tenet, atque ita fatur : 
" Nate dea, si nemo audet se credere pugnae, 
Quae finis standi ? qu6 me decet usque teneri ? 
Ducere dona jube." Cuncti simul ore fremebant 
Dardanidae reddique viro promissa jubebant. 386 

Hie gravis Entellum dictis castigat Acestes, 
Proximus ut viridante toro consederat herbae : 
" Entelle, heroum quondam fortissime frustra, 
Tantane tam patiens nullo certamine toUi 390 

Dona sines ? ubi nunc nobis deus ille, magister 
Nequiquam memoratus, Eryx ? ubi fama per omnem 
Trinacriam, et spolia ilia tuis pendentia tectis ?" 
I lie sub haec : '* Non laudis amor nee gloria cessit 
Pulsa metu ; sed enim gelidus tardante senecta 395 
Sai^is hebet, frigentque effetae in corpore vires. 
Si mihi, quae quondam fuerat^ quaque improbus 

iste 
Exsultat fidens, si nunc foret ilia juventa, 
Haud equidem pretio inductus pulchroque juvenco 
Venissem ; nee dona moror." Sic deinde loquutus, 
In medium geminos immani pondere caestus 401 
Projecit ; quibus acer Eryx in proelia suetus 
Ferre manum, duroque intendere brachia tergo. 
Obstupuere animi : tantorum ingentia septem 
Terga bourn plumbo insuto ferroque rigebant. 405 
Ante omnes stupet ipse Dares, longk^ue recusat : 
^^'^sriani'musque AncA/siades, et pondus, e\. V^%^ 
tJc niuc v/nclorum immensa volumma vetsaX. 



jEneidos lib. v. 15 

Turn senior tales referebaf pectore voces : 
'^ Quid, siquis caestus ipsius et Herculis arma 410 
Vidisset tristemque hoc ipso in litore pugnam ? 
Haec germanus Eryx quondam tuus arma gerebat. 
Sanguine cemis adhuc sparsoque infecta cerebro. 
His magnum Alciden contra stetit : his ego suetus, 
Dum melior vires sanguis dabat, aemula necdum 
Temporibus geminis canebat sparsa senectus. 416 
Sed si nostra Dares haec Troi'us arma recusat, 
Idque pio sedet ^neae, probat auctor Acestes ; 
^quemus pugnas. Erycis tibi terga remitto, 
Solve metus ; et tu Trojanos exue caestus.** 420 
Haec fatus duplicem ex humeris rejecit amictum, 
Et magnos membrorum artus, magna ossa, lacertos* 

que 
Exuit, atque ingens media consistit arena. 

Tum satus Anchisa caestus pater extulit aequos 
Et paribus palmas amborum innexuit armis. 425 
Constitit in digitos extemplo arrectus uterque, 
Brachiaque ad superas interritus extulit auras. 
Abduxere retro longfe capita ardua ab ictu, 
Immiscentque manus manibus, pugnamque lacess- 

unt. 
Ille, pedum melior motu, fretusque juventa ; 430 
Hie, membris et mole valens ; sed tarda trementi 
Genua labant, vastos quatit aeger anhelitus artus. 
Multa viri nequiquam inter se vulnera jactant, 
Multa cavo lateri ingeminant, et pectore vastos 
Dant sonitus ; erratque aures et tempora cv^oissk. 
Crebra manus ; duro crep\taTv\.SM>0N>3\s\et^'nv^«:* ^^ 
Stat gravis Entellus nisuque VrnxaoXM^ ^o^««^n 



i6 P. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Corpore tela modo atque oculis vigilantibus exit. 
lUe — velut celsam oppugnat qui molibus urbem, 
Aut montana sedet circum castella sub armis — 440 
Nunc hos nunc illos aditus omnemque pererrat 
Arte locum, et variis assultibus irritus urget. 
Ostendit-dextram insurgens Entellus et alt^ 
Extulit : ille ictum venientem a vertice velox 
Praevidit, celerique elapsus corpore cessit. 445 

Entellus vires in ventum effudit, et ultro 
Ipse gravis graviterque ad terram pondere vasto 
Concidit : ut quondam cava concidit aut Erymantho, 
Aut Ida in magna radicibus eruta pinus. 
Consurgunt studiis Teucri et Trinacria pubes ; 450 
It clamor coelo : primusque accurrit Acestes, 
^quaevumque ab humo miserans attoUit amicum. 
At non tardatus casu neque territus heros 
Acrior ad pugnam redit, ac vim suscitat ira : 
Turn pudor incendit vires et conscia virtus, 455 
Praecipitemque Daren ardens agit aequore toto. 
Nunc dextra ingeminans ictus nunc ille sinistra. 
Nee mora, nee requies : quam multa grandine 

nimbi 
Culminibus crepitant, sic densis ictibus heros 
Creber utraque manu pulsat versatque Dareta. 460 
Tum pater -^neas procedere longius iras, 
Et saevire animis Entellum baud passus acerbis, 
Sed finem imposuit pugnae ; fessumque Dareta 
Eripuit, mulcens dictis, ac talia fatur : 
^^Infelix) 9 uae tanta animum dementia cepit ? 465 

•^on vires alia J con versaque numina seivlis ? 

^a^ deo.'^ Dixitque et proelia voce direimt. 



jENEIDOS lib. v. 17 

Ast ilium fidi aequales, genua aegra trahentem, 
Jactantemque utroque caput, crassumque cruorem 
Ore rejectantem mistosque in sanguine dentes, 470 
Ducunt ad naves \ galeamque ensemque vocati 
Accipiunt ; palmam Entello taurumque relinquunt 
Hie victor, superans animis tauroque superbus : 
" Nate dea, vosque haec, inquit, cognoscite Teucri, 
Et mihi quae fuerint juvenili in corpore vires, 475 
Et qua servetis revocatum a morte Dareta." 
Dixit, et adversi contra stetit ora juvenci, 
Qui donum astabat pugnae ; durosque reducta 
Libravit dextra media inter cornua caestus 
Arduus, effractoque illisit in ossa cerebro. 480 

Stemitur exanimisque tremens procumbit humi bos. 
lUe super tales effudit pectore voces : 
"Hanc tibi, Eryx, meliorem animam pro morte 

Daretis 
Persolvo : hie victor caestus artemque repono.** 
Protinus iCneas celeri certare sagitta 485 

~ Invitat, qui fortfe velint, et praemia ponit : 
Ingentique manu malum de nave Seresti 
Erigit, et volucrem trajecto in fune columbam, 
Qu6 tendant ferrum, malo suspendit ab alto. 
Convenere viri, dejectamque aerea sortem 490 

Accepit galea ; et primus clamore secundo 
Hyrtacidae ante omnes exit locus Hippocoontis : 
Quem modo navali Mnestheus certamine victor 
Consequitur, viridi Mnestheus evinctus oliva. 
Tertius Eurytion, tuus, o clarissime, frater, d^^ 
Pandare ; qui quondam, Jussws coTd\\TA^x^^«i^!i»s»^ 
In medios telum torsisti primus kc>cv\Nos. 



i8 P. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Extremus galeaque ima subsedit Acestes, 
Ausus et ipse manu juvenum tentare laborem. 

Turn validis flexos incurvant viribus arcus, 500 
Pro se quisque, viri et depromunt tela pharetris : 
Primaque per ccelum nervo stridente sagitta 
Hyrtacidae juvenis volucres diverberat auras ; 
Et venit adversique infigitur arbore mali. 
Intremuit malus, timuitque exterrita pennis 505 
Ales, et ingenti sonuerunt omnia plausu. 
Post acer Mnestheus adducto constitit arcu 
Alta petens, pariterque oculos telumque tetendit i 
Ast ipsam miserandus avem contingere ferro 
Non valuit ; nodos et vincula linea rupit, 510 

Queis innexa pedem malo pendebat ab alto. 
Ilia Notos atque atra volans in nubila fugit. 
Turn rapidus jamdudum arcu contenta parato 
Tela tenens fratrem Eurytion in vota vocavit ; 
Jam vacuo laetam coelo speculatus et alis 515 

Plaudenlem nigra figit sub nube columbam. 
Decidit exanimis, vitamque reliquit in astris 
Aeriis, fixanique refert delapsa sagittam. 
Amissa solus palma superabat Acestes : 
Qui tamen aetherias telum contendit in auras, 520 
Ostentans artemque pater arcumque sonantem. 
Hie oculis subito objicitur magnoque futurum 
Augurio monstrum : docuit post exitus ingens, 
Seraque terrifici cecinerunt omina vates. 524 

Namque volans liquidis in nubibus arsit arundo, 
Signavitque viam flammis, tenuesque recessit 
Consumpta in ventos : coelo ceu saepe refixa 
Transcurrunt crinemque volantia sideia d\ic\itiV. 



jENEIDOS LIB, K. 19 

Attonitis haesere animis superosque precati 
Trinacrii Teucrique viri : nee maximus omen 530 
Abnuit i£neas ; sed laetum atnplexus Acesten 
Muneribus cumulat magnis, ac talia fatur : 
" Sume, pater ; nam te voluit rex magnus Olympi 
Talibus auspiciis exsortem ducere honores. 
Ipsius Anchisae longaevi hoc munus habebis, 535 
Cratera impressum signis, quern Thracius olim 
Anchisae genitori in magno munere Cisseus 
Ferre sui dederat monumentum et pignus amoris.** 
Sic fatus cingit viridanti tempora lauro, 
£t primum ante omnes victorem appellat Acesten. 
Nee bonus Eurytion praelato invidit honori, 541 
Quamvis solus avem coelo dejecit ab alto. 
Proximus ingreditur donis, qui vincula rupit ; 
Extremus, volucri qui fixit arundine malum. 

At pater i^neas, nondum certamine misso, 545 
Custodem ad sese comitemque impubis liili 
Epytiden vocat, et fidam sic fatur ad aurem : 
*' Vade age ; et, Ascanio, si jam puerile paratum 
Agmen habet secum cursusque instruxit equorum, 
Ducat avo turmas, et sese ostendat in armis, 550 
Die," ait Ipse omnem longo decedere circo 
Infusum populum et campos jubet esse patentes. 
Incedunt pueri, pariterque ante ora parentum 
Frenatis lucent in equis ; quos omnis euntes 
Trinacriae mirata fremit Trojaeque juventus. 555 
Omnibus in morem tonsa coma pressa corona : 
Cornea bina ferunt praefixa hastilia ferro, 
Pars leves humero pharetras ; it pectore svixsNxsaa 
FJexiJis obtorti per collutn. dicvAvva ^»f\.* 

c ^ 



3P i^. i/lRGILII MARONIS 

Tres equitum numero turmae temique vagantur 
Ductores ; pueri bis seni quemque sequuti 561 

Agmine partito fulgent paribusque magistris. 
Una acies juvenum, ducit quam parvus ovantem 
Nomen avi referens Priamus, tua clara, Polite, 
Progenies, auctura Italos : quern Thracius albis 
Portat equus bicolor maculis, vestigia primi 566 
Alba pedis frontemque ostentans ardiius albam. 
Alter Atys, genus unde Atti duxere Latini ; 
Parvus Atys, pueroque puer dilectus liilo. 
Extremus, formaque ante omnes pulcher, liilus 570 
Sidonio est invectus equo, quem Candida Dido 
Esse sui dederat monumentum et pignus amoris. 
Cetera Trinacriis pubes senioris Acestae 
Fertur equis. 574 

Excipiunt plausu pavidos gaudentque tuentes 
Dardanidae, veterumque agnoscunt ora parentum. 
Postquam omnem laeti consessum oculosque suorum 
Lustravere in equis ; signum clamore paratis 
Epytides longfe dedit, insonuitque flagello. 
OUi discurr^re pares, atque agmina terni 580 

Diductis solvere choris ; rursusque vocati 
Convertere vias, infestaque tela tulere. 
Inde alios ineunt cursus, aliosque recursus, 
Adversi spatiis ; alternosque orbibus orbes 584 

Impediunt, pugnaeque cient simulacra sub armis. 
Et nunc terga fuga nudant, nunc spicula vertunt 
Infensi, facta pariter nunc pace feruntur. 
Ut quondam Creta fertur labyrinthus in alta 
Panetihus textum caecis iter ancipitemque . 
J^We VI js habuisse doJum, qua signa sequeiv^v $«yi 



^NEIDOS LIB. V. 21 

Falleret indeprensus et irremeabilis error ; 
Haud aliter TeucrAm nati vestigia cursu 
Impediunt, texuntque fugas et proelia ludo, 
Delphinum similes, qui per maria humida nando 
Carpathium Libycumque secant, luduntque per 
undas. 595 

Hunc morem cursus, atque haec certamina primus 
Ascanius, Longam muris quum cingeret Albam, 
Rettulit, et priscos docuit celebrare Latinos, 
Quo puer ipse modo, secum quo Troia pubes. 
Albani docuere suos ; hinc maxima porr6 600 

Accepit Roma et patrium servavit honorem ; 
Trojaque nunc, pueri, Trojanum dicitur agmen. 

Hac celebrata tenus sancto certamina patri. 
Hie primum Fortuna fidem mutata novavit. 
Dum variis tumulo referunt sollennia ludis, 605 
Irim de coelo misit Satumia Juno 
Iliacam ad classem, ventosque aspirat eunti, 
Multa movens, necdum antiquum saturata dolorem. 
lUa viam celerans per mille coloribus arcum, 
NuUi visa, cito decurrit tramite virgo. 610 

Conspicit ingentem concursum ; et litora lustrans 
Desertosque videt portus classemque relictam. 
At procul in sola secretae Troades acta 
Amissum Anchisen flebant, cunctaeque profundum 
Pontum aspectabant Rentes : heu ! tot vada fessis 
Ettantum superesse maris, vox omnibus una. 616 
Urbem orant ; taedet pelagi perferre laborem. 
Ergo inter medias sese haud ignara nocendi 
Conjicit, et faciemque dea N^sXfeTft!Q^«fc x^^^-w^- 
Fit Beroe, Ismarii conjux.\otv^«N^'^^'^^^'» ^ 



22 P, VIRGILII MARONIS 

Cui genus et quondam nomen natique fuissent. 
Ac sic Dardanidiim mediam se matribus infert : 
**0 miserae, quas non manus," inquit, "Achaica belli 
Traxerit ad letum, patriae sub mc^nibus ! o gens 
Infelix ! cui te exitio for tuna reservat ? 625 

Septima post Trojae excidium jam vertitur aestas ; 
Quum freta, quum terras omnes, tot inhospita saxa 
Sideraque emensae ferimur ; dum per mare magnum 
Italiam sequimur fugientem, et volvimur undis. 629 
Hie Erycis fines fratemi, atque hospes Acestes : 
Quis prohibet muros jacere, et dare civibus urbem ? 
O patria, et rapti nequiquam ex hoste Penates ! 
Nullane jam Trojae dicentur moenia ? nusquam 
Hectoreos amnes, Xanthum et Simoenta videbo ? 
Quin agite, et mecum infaustas exurite puppes. 635 
Nam mihi Cassandrae per somnum vatis imago 
Ardentes dare visa faces : hie quaerite Trojam ; 
Hie domus est, inquit, vobis : jam tempus agit res. 
Nee tantis mora prodigiis ; en quatuor arae 639 
Neptuno ! deus ipse faces animumque ministrat." 
Haec memorans, prima infensum vi corripit ign- 
em : 
Sublataque procul dextra connixa coruscat 
Et jacit. Arrectae mentes stupefactaque corda 
Iliadum. Hie una e multis, quae maxima natu, 
Pyrgo, tot Priami natorum regia nutrix : 645 

" Non Beroe vobis ; non haec Rhcetei'a, matres, 
Est Dorycli conjux : divini signa decoris, 
Ardentesgue notate oculos : qui spiritus illi. 
Qui vuJtus, vocisve sonus, vel gressus e\M\t\. 
/ipsa e^omet dudum Beroen digressa reWqui e>Vi 



JENEIDOS LTS. V. 23 

iEgram, indigiiantem tali qu5d sola careret 
Munere, nee meritos Anchisae inferret honores." 
Haec effata. 

At matres priind ancipites oculisque malignis 
Ambiguae spectare rates miserum inter amorem 
Praesentis terrae fatisque vocantia regna : 656 

Quum dea se paribus per coelum sustulit alls, 
Ingentemque fuga secuit sub nubibus arcum. 
Turn vero attonitae monstris, actaeque furore, 659 
Conclamant, rapiuntque focis penetralibus ignem : 
Pars spoliant aras, frondem ac virgulta facesque 
Conjiciunt : fiirit immissis Vulcanus habenis 
Transtra per, et remos, et pictas abiete puppes. 

Nuntius Anchisae ad tumulum cuneosque theatri 
Incensas perfert naves Eumelus : et ipsi 665 

Respiciunt atram in nimbo volitare favillam. 
Primus et Ascanius, cursus ut laetus equestres 
Ducebat, sic acer equo turbata petivit 
Castra ; nee exanimes possunt retinere magistri. 
"Quis furor iste novus? qu6 nunc, qu6 tenditis," 
inquit, 670 

"Heu miserae cives! nonhostem inimicaque castra 
Argiviim ; vestras spes uritis. En ego vester 
Ascanius ! " Galeam ante pedes projecit inanem. 
Qua ludo indutus belli simulacra ciebat. 
Accelerat simul iEneas, simul agmina TeucrAm ; 
Ast illae diversa metu per litora passim 676 

Diflfugiunt, silvasque et sicubi concava furtim 
Saxa petunt : piget incepti lucisque ; suosque 
Mutatae agnoscunt ; excussac]^^ ^^c:\.Q»x^\osNa ^'^^ 
Sed non idcirco flammae atq^^vxvc^xv^v^Nvt^^ ^^^=^ 



24 p. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Indomitas posuere : udo sub robore vivit 
Stuppa, vomens tardum fumum ; lentusque carinas 
Est vapor, et toto descendit corpora pestis ; 
Nee vires heroum infiisaque flumina prosunt. 

Turn pius iEneas humeris abscindere vestem, 
Auxilioque vocare deos, et tendere palmas : 686 
" Jupiter omnipotens, si nondum exosus ad unum 
Trojanos, si quid pietas antiqua labores 
Respicit humanos ; da flammam evadere classi 
Nunc, pater, et tenues Teucrdm res eripe leto : 690 
Vel tu, quod superest, infesto fulmine morti, 
Si mereor, demitte ; tuaque hie obrue dextra." 
Vix haec ediderat ; quum effusis imbribus atra 
Tempestas sine more furit, tonitruque tremiscunt 
Ardua teiTanim et campi, ruit aethere toto 695 

Turbidus imber aqua densisque nigerrimus Austris, 
Implenturque super puppes, semusta madescunt 
Robora, restinctus donee vapor omnis, et omnes, 
Quatuor amissis, servatae a peste carinae. 

At pater -/Eneas casu concussus acerbo, 700 

Nunc hue ingentes, nunc illuc peetore curas 
Mutabat ; versans, Siculisne resideret arvis 
Oblitus fatorum, Italasne capesseret oras. 
Turn senior Nautes, unum Tritonia Pallas 
jQuem doeuit multaque insignem reddidit arte, 705 
Haec responsa dabat, vel quae portenderet ira 
Magna deum, vel quae fatorum posceret ordo. 
Isque his -/Eneam solatus vocibus infit : 
" Nate dea, quo fata trahunt retrahuntque, sequ- 
amur, 
Quicquid erit, superanda omnis forlutia ieteti^o esX. 



jENEIDOS LIB, V. 25 

Est tibi Dardanius divinae stirpis Acestes ; 711 

Hunc cape consiliis socium et conjunge volentem. 
Huic trade, amissis superant qui navibus, et quos 
Pertaesum magni incepti rerumque tuarum est ; 
Longaevosque senes, ac fessas aequore matres, 715 
Et quicquid tecum invalidum, metuensque pericli 

est, 
Delige ; et his habeant terris sine moenia fessi. 
Urbem appellabunt permisso nomine Acestam," 

Talibus incensus dictis senioris amici : 
Tum vero in curas animus deducitur omnes. 720 
Et Nox atra polum bigis subvecta tenebat. 
Visa dehinc coelo facies delapsa parentis 
Anchisae subito tales effundere voces : 
** Nate, mihi vita quondam, dum vita manebat. 
Care magis : nate, Iliacis exercite fatis ; 725 

Imperio Jovis hue venio, qui classibus ignem 
Depulit, et' coelo tandem miseratus ab alto est. 
Consiliis pare, quae nunc pulcherrima Nautes 
Dat senior : lectos juvenes, fortissima corda, 
Defer in Italiam : gens dura atque aspera cultu 
Debellanda tibi Latio est. Ditis tamen antd 731 
Infernas accede domos ; et Avema per alta 
Congressus pete, nate, meos. Non me impia nam- 

que 
Tartara habent tristesque umbrae ; sed amoena 

piorum 
Concilia, Elysiumque colo. Hue casta Sibylla 735 
Nigrarum multo peeudum te sanguine ducet. 
Tum genus omne tuum, el» q^"8B. ^«:&>w. \s>ssKca.^ 

disces. 



26 p. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Jamque vale : torquet medios Nox humida cursus, 
Et me saevus equis oriens afflavit anhelis." 
Dixerat, et tenues fugit, ceu fumus, in auras. 740 
iEneas, " Quo deinde ruis ? quo proripis ? " inquit, 
" Quern fugis ? aut quis te nostris complexibus 

arcet ? " 
Haec memorans cinerem et sopitos suscitat ignes ; 
Pergameumque Larem, et canae penetralia Vestae 
Farre pio et plena supplex veneratur acerra. 745 

Extemplo socios primumque arcessit Acesten, 
Et Jovis imperium et can praecepta parentis 
Edocet ; et quae nunc animo sententia constet. 
Haud mora consiliis, nee jussa recusat Acestes. 
Transcribunt urbi matres, populumque volentem 
Deponunt, animos nil magnae laudis egentes. 75 1 
Ipsi transtra novant, flammisque ambesa reponunt 
Robora navigiis, aptant remosque rudentesque, 
Exigui numero ; sed bello vivida virtus. 

Interea ^Eneas urbem designat aratro, 755 

Sortiturque domos : hoc Ilium, et haec loca Trojam, 
Esse jubet ; gaudet regno Trojanus Acestes, 
Indicitque forum, et patribus dat jura vocatis. 
Tum vicina astris Erycino in vertice sedes 
Fundatur Veneri Idaliae ; tumuloque sacerdos 760 
Et lucus late sacer additur Anchiseo. 
Jamque dies epulata novem gens omnis, et aris 
Factus honos ; placidi straverunt aequora venti ; 
Creber et aspirans rursus vocat Auster in altum. 
Exoritur procurva ingens per litora fletus ; 765 

Complexi inter se noctemque diemqae ixvot^xvXmt. 
/psas/am matres ; ipsi, quibus aspeta c^oiv^axa 



jENEIDOS LIB. V. 27 

Visa maris facies et non tolerabile nomen, 
Ire volunt, omnemque fiigae perferre laborem. 
Quos bonus iCneas dictis solatur amicis, yyo 

£t consanguineo lacritnans commendat Acestae. 
Tres Eryci vitulos, et Tempestatibus agnam 
Caedere deinde jubet, solvique ex ordine funem. 
Ipse caput tonsae foliis evinctus olivae, 
Stans procul in prora, pateram tenet, extaque salsos 
Porricit in ductus, ac vina liquentia fundit. 776 

Prosequitur surgens a puppi ventus euntes : 
Certatim socii feriunt mare, et aequora verrunt. 

At Venus interea Neptunum exercita curis 
Al loquitur, talesque eflfundit pectore questus : 780 
" Junonis gravis ira neque exsaturabile pectus 
Cogunt me, Neptune, preces descendere in omnes : 
Quam nee longa dies pietas nee mitigat iilla, 
Nee Jovis imperio fatisve infracta quiescit, 
Non media de gente Phrygum exedisse nefandis 
Urbem odiis satis est, nee poenam traxse per 
omnem 786 

Relliquias ; Trojae cineres atque ossa peremptae 
Insequitur. Causas tanti sciat ilia fiiroris. 
Ipse mihi nuper Libycis tu testis in undis 
Quam molem subitd excierit : maria omnia coelo 
Miscuit, iEoliis nequiquam freta procellis; 791 

In regnis hoc ausa tuis. 

Per scelus, ecce, etiam Trojanis matribus actis, 
Exussit foed^ puppes et classe subegit 
Amissa socios ignotae linquere terrae. 7q'^ 

Quod superest, oro, liceat dat^ tvaX-ai ^t >\TAas» 
Vela tibi, Jiceat Laurentem aXXm^et^'^S^^""'^** 



28 p. VIRGILII MARONIS 

Si concessa peto, si dant ea mcEnia Parcae." 

Turn Saturnius haec domitor maris edidit alti : 
" Fas omne est, Cytherea, meis te fidere regnis, 800 
Unde genus ducis, merui quoque : saepe furores 
Compressi et rabiem tantam coelique marisque. 
Nee minor in terris, Xanthum Simoentaque testor, 
/Eneae mihi cura tui. Quum Tro'ia Achilles 
Exanimata sequens impingeret agmina muris, 805 
Millia multa daret leto, gemerentque repleti 
Amnes, nee reperire viam atque evolvere posset 
In mare se Xanthus ; Pelidae tunc ego forti 
Congressum iEneam, nee dis nee viribus aequis, 
Nube cava rapui ; cuperem quum vertere ab imo 
Structa meis manibus perjurae moenia Trojae. 811 
Nunc quoque mens eadem perstat mihi : pelle 

timorem ; 
Tutus, quos optas, portus accedet Averni. 
Unus erit tantum, amissum quem gurgite quaeret ; 
Unum pro multis dabitur caput." 815 

His ubi laeta deae permulsit pectora dictis, 
Jungit equos auro genitor spumantiaque addit 
Frena feris, manibusque omnes effundit habenas. 
Caeruleo per summa levis volat aequora curru : 
Subsidunt undae, tiimidumque sub axe tonanti 820 
Sternitur aequor aquis ; fugiunt vasto aethere nimbi. 
Tum variae comitum facies ; immania cete, 
Et senior Glauci chorus, Inoiisque Palaemon, 
Tritonesque citi, Phorcique exercitus omnis. 
Laeva tenent Thetis et Melite, Panopeaque virgo, 
Nesase, Spioque, Thaliaque, Cymodocec\vie. 826 
-flicpatris jEneas suspensam blaada. vvcvsavnv 



AlNEIDOS LIB, V. 29 

Gaudia pertentant mentem ; jubet ocius omnes 
Attolli malos, intendi brachia velis. 829 

Una omnes fecere pedem ; pariterque sinistros, 
Nunc dextros solvere sinus ; una ardua torquent 
Comua detorquentque : ferunt sua flamina classem. 
Princeps ante omnes densum Palinurus agebat 
Agmen : ad hunc alii cursum contendere jussi. 834 

Jamque ferl mediam coeli Ncx humida metam 
Contigerat ; placida laxarant membra quiete 
Sub remis fusi per dura sedilia nautae ; 
Quum levis aetheriis delapsus Somnus ab astris 
Aera dimovit tenebrosum, et dispulit umbras, 
Te, Palinure, petens, tibi tristia somnia portans 
Insonti ; puppique deus consedit in alta, 841 

Phorbanti similis, fuditque has ore loquelas : 
" I aside Palinure, ferunt ipsa aequora classem, 
iEquatae spirant aurae, datur hora quieti. 
Pone caput, fessosque oculos furare labori. 845 

Ipse ego paulisper pro te tua munera inibo." 
Cui vix attollens Palinurus lumina fatur : 
" Mene salis placidi vultum fluctusque quietos 
Ignorare jubes ? mene huic confidere monstro ? 
iEneam credam quid enim fallacibus Austris 850 
Et coeli toties deceptus fraude sereni ? " 
Talia dicta dabat : clavumque affixus et haerens 
Nusquam amittebat, oculosque sub astra tenebat. 
Ecce deus ramum Lethaeo rore madentem, 854 

Vique soporatum Stygia, super utraque quassat 
Tempora, cunctantique natantia lumina solvit. 
Vix primos inopina quies laxaNe^Ta-V ^x\Sxs», 
"Zt super incumbens cum pup^\s ^^xXa \e«>^^2^ 



30 jENEIDOS lib, V. 

Cumque gubemaclo liquidas projecit in undas 
Praecipitem, ac socios nequiquam saepe vocantem. 
Ipse volans tenues se sustulit ales in auras. 86 1 
Currit iter tutum non secius aequore classis, 
Promissisque patris Neptuni interrita fertur. 
Jamque ade6 scopulos Sirenum advecta subibat, 
Difficiles quondam, multorumque ossibus albos 865 
(Turn rauca assiduo longe sale saxa sonabant), 
Quum pater amisso fluitantem errare magistro 
Sensit, et ipse ratem nocturnis rexit in undis, 
Multa gemens, casuque animum concussus amici : 
" O nimiiim ccelo et pelago confise sereno, 870 

Nudus in ignota, Palinure, jacebis arena." 



VOCABULARY. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



a. w act . . active. 

abl ablative. 

ace accusative. 

ace. to . . . according to. 

adj adjective. 

adv adverb. 



c = cam . 
cf. = confer 
comm. gen. 

comp. . • 

conj. . . . 
contr. . . 



. with. 

. compare. 

. common gender. 

( compar..tive 
• I degree. 
. conjunction. 
. contracted. 



dat dative. 

def. or defect, defective, 
dem. or de- 
monstr. 



dep. . . 
deaid. . 
dissyll. . 
esp. . . 
etym. . 
f. . . . 
foUd. . 
foUg. . 
ft. . . 
fireq. . . 
fat. . . 
gen. . . 
Kov. . . 
Gr. . . 
imperf. . 
inch. . . 
ind. or indie, 
indecl. . 
indef. . 
inf. or infin. 
intens. . 
inteij. . 



'"T demonstrative. 



deponent. 

desiderative. 

dissyllable. 

especially. 

etymology. 

feminine. 

followed. 

following. 

from. 

frequentative. 

future. 

genitive. 

governing. 

Greek. 

imperfect. 

inchoative. 

indicative. 

indeclinable. 

indefinite. 

infinitive. 

intensive. 

inteijection. 



interrog, 
irr. or 



irreg. 



m. 

n. or neut. 

nom. 

num. 

obsol 

ord. 

P. or 



part. 



pa. . 
pass, 
perf. . 
pers. . 
pluperf. 
plur. . 
pos. . 
poss. 
prep, 
pres. 
prob. 
pron. 

C§ ] 

rel. . 
Sans, 
semi-dep 
sin^. 
subj. . 



sup. . 

trisyll. 
t. t. . 
uncontr. 
V. a. . 
V. dep, 
V. n. . 
voc. . 



. interrogative 
. irregular. 
. masculine. 
. neuter. 
. nominative. 
. numeral. 
. obsolete. 
. ordinal. 
. piarticiple. 
. participial adj. 
. passive. 
. perfect, 
person, personal. 
. pluperfect. 
. plural. 
. positive degree. 
. possessive. 
. preposition. 
. present. 
. probably. 
. pronoun. 

fmragraph in 
Fublic Schools 
Latin Primer. 
. relative. 
. Sanscrit. 
. semi-deponent. 
. singular. 
. subjunctive. 
5 superlative ; 
• t supine. 
. trisyllable. 
. technical term. 
. uncontracted. 
. verb active. 
. verb deponent. 
. verb neuter. 
. vocative. 
. equal to. 



N.B.— The figures before v. a., v. dep., and v. n., denote the 
cqmugation of the verb. 

Where the etymology is not given, the word is of very uncer- 
tain or unknown origin. 

Such forms and meanings of words, as do not belong to the 
text, are not inserted in the Vocabulary. 



VOCABULARY. 



&b (ft)vjprep. gov. abl. : 1. 
Locally: JFrom, away from. — 2. 
Of descent or birth : jPVo». — 3- 
To form an adverbial expres- 
Bion: ab alto, on high, aloft 
[akin to 6r. atr-6. Sans, ap-aj. 

ab-dfioo, doxi, dactnm, 
ddcdre, 3. V. a. [ftb, "away"; 
dOco, "to lead*^] ("To lead 
away "; hence) To draw back or 
away; to withdraw. 

aDdllxly i>erf. ind. of ab- 
duco. 

Alr-SOy ivi or Yi, Itnm, ire, 
V. n. [»b, " away"; «o, " to go »] 
Togo away, depart. 

abibOv ftit. ind. of &bdo. 

ftbiesv Idtis (Abl. abiete as 
trisyll., viz. abjete, v. 663), f. 
A Jir-tree, pine-tree ; ajlr^ pine ; 
—at V. 663 the abl. abiete is 
used for ex abiete, and denotes 
" the material": abiete pnppes, 
poope offirjjir-poope. 

abiB, ablt, 2. and 3. pers. 
sing. pres. ind. of ftb^. 

abito, 3. pers. sing. fbt. 
imperat. of &bto. 

ab-niio, ntU, niiltnm or 
nutnm, nHSre, 3. v. a. f&b, 
*• away "; ntto, "to nod"! ('^ To 
nod away" fh)m one; hence) 
To decline, r^kse, reject. 

ab-BclndOy sddi, scissmn, 
BcindSre, 3. v. a. Rib, "awfwr"; 
Bcindo, "to rend"] To rend, or 
UoTf away,— at v. 686 abscind- 



ere is the Historic Inf. [§ 110, 

^^' 
act seeatqne. 

Aoam&lly anis, m. A man 
of Aearnania (now Carnia^ a 
country of ancient N. Greece), 
an Acamian [Gr. 'Axapvav]. 

aooedeysing. pres.imx)erat. 
ofaccddo. 

aooedOf cessi, cessnm, 
ceddre, 3. v. n. [for ad-cedo : 
fr. &d, "to"; c5do, "to go "J 
To go tOt approach i^Kt w. 732, 
813 foUd. by Ace. dependent 
on prep, in verb. 

ao^odldrOy cdlSr&vi, oSlSr- 
fttam, cfildrare, 1. v. n. [for 
ad-cdldro; fr. &d, in "inten- 
sive " force ; cSlSro, " to make 
haste"] To make haife, to hasten. 

aooenddrlnif perf. satg* 
of accendo. 

ac-oen-do, di, snm, dSre, 
3. V. a. ; la To kindle, light up. 
— 2a Figuratively of hope : To 
kindle^ raise up, etc. — ^Pass. : 
ac-oendor, census sum, 
cendi [for ad-can-do ; fr. ad, in 
" augmentative " force ; root 
CA.ir, akin to Gr. xa-w, Kai-t», 
" to ligjlit, kindle "]. 

acoeplf perf. ind. of accIpYo. 

ac-elplOf cepi, ceptnm, 
clp^re, 3. V. a. [for ad-c&plot 
fr. &d, " to "; c&pfo, " to take "J 
(" To take to " one's self 3 
hence) To receive, 

D 



34 



VOCABULAR K 



s; 



ma- 



ao-onrrOf curri and cti- 
curri, cursum, currfre, 3. v. n. 
[for ad-curro ; fr. &d, " to " ; 
curro, " to run **] To run to, or 
up tOf a person ; to run up. 

&-cer, oris, ere, a^j. [for ac- 
cer ; fr. AC, root of &c-iio, ** to 
sharpen"] ("Sharp"; hence) 
Bold, active, $pirited, gealotu. 
B^T Gomp. : acr-Ior. 

<u}-erbiiSf erl)a, erbnm, 
a4j. [root jlo, whence &c-iio, 
" to make pointed or sharp "J 
'"Pointed, sharp"; hence) 1. 

f the mind, feelings, etc.: 
Bitter. — 2. Bitter, grievoue. 

&cer-raf rsB, f. [prob. for 
i&cer-na; fr. &cer, ftcer-is, " 

Ele "] (*• A maple-thing 
ence) An ineetue-box; or, ace. 
to some, an ineetue-pan, a center, 

Acesta, 88, f. Aeesta (earlier 
Egeeta, later Segesta, now ruins 
near the modem Calata/lmi), 
a town of Sicily, taking its 
name from king Aoestes; see 
Aoestes. 

AcesteSf 80 (Ace. Acesten, 
y. 80), m. Aeeetet; a king in 
Sicily, son of the Sicilian rlVer- 
god Crimisos and of Egesta, a 
Trojan woman; — at v. 498 
Acestes = the name of Aeeetet 
[Gr. 'AiceVmjs, " Healer "]. 

Aoll&X-ciiSy ca, com, adj. 
[Aehal-a, ** Achaia," a oonntiy 
of ancient S. Greece or the 
PeloponnesQS (nowtheMorea)] 
(*' Of, or belonging to, Aohaia ; 
Achsean"; hence) Grecian, 
Chreek. 

Acbd roily ontis, m. 
(" Stream of pain or grief") 
ilcAeron; (a river of the lower 
world; hence) the lower world 
[Gr. •AWpwi']. 

AcblUeSf is, m. AchiUee; 

a Greek hax> in the Trojan war, 

son of Pelens, king of Thessaly, 

joBd of the isaft-^oddesa Thetis 

CGr. 'AxtAAafij, 



j&obivif dmm, m. plnr. 
[Achiv-us, '* Greek, Grecian "3 
The Qreekt. 

&o-Xes« va, f. [a.0, root of 
&c-fto, "to sharpen"] ("An 
edge or sharp edge*^; hence) 
Muit. 1. 1. : An army, ho$t, body 
qf troops in battle array. 

acrXorf us ; see acer. 

acta, 88, f. The tea-'thore, 
beach [Gr. axri}]. 

actus, a, um, P. perf. pass, 
of&go. 

&cu-tns,ta,tum, a4j. [&c&- 
o, " to sharpen "J (" Sha^n- 
ed"; hence) Pointed, eharp. 

&d, prep. gov. ace. : !■ To, 
fowarde. — Z. To, up to.— 3a At, 
near. — ft. According to, in ae* 
eordance with, after. 

ad-do, didi, ditum, dSre, 
3. V. a. [&d, "to"; do, "to 
put "] la To vui to, or on to. — 
2. To add.—FaaB,: ad-dor, 
ditus sum, di. 

ad-duooy duxi, dnetnm, 
dfic«re, 3. v. a. [M, "to"; 
duco, "to lead"! (*^To lead 
to "; hence) To draw, or pull, 
towards one. — Pass. : ad-> 
duoor, ductus sum, duel. 

adduotiis, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of adduco. 

1. ftd-60y adv. [prob. for 
«d-«om ; fr. id, " to or up to "; 
dom (= Sum), old ace. of pron. 
is, "this"] ("To, or up to, 
this") Used with adverbs to 
give emphasis to the expres- 
sion: JiufeMl :— jamque adeo, 
and now indeed, v. 801. 

2. ftd-6o, ivi or % Itnm, ire, 
v.n. [id, "to"; fio. "to go"] 
Togo to, approach, 

addraniv imperf. ind. of 
adsum. 

&dest, 3. pers. sing. pros, 
ind. of adsum. 

&d-llIb6o, hlbili, hibttum, 
hibere, 2. v. a. [for &d-h&bdo : 
fr. ftd," to"\b»,b6o," to hold"! 



\ 



VOCABULARY. 



35 



r* To hold to, or towards; to 
oirect towards "; hence, '* to 
bring " a person " to " a place ; 
hence) With Ace. of person and 
Dat. of feast, etc,: To invite 
to. 

&a-buc adv. [&d, ** ap to ": 
hue (old form of hoc), " this "J 
Of time : Up to thie tMie, hither- 
to. 

ftdirOf pres. inf. of 2. &deo. 

&dX-tus« tus, m. [ftddo, '* to 
go to," through root adi (i. e. 
&d; I. root of te)] ('* A going 
to *'; hence) An aj^proaeh. 

ad-JtkvOy jiivi, jutum, jiiy- 
are, 1. v. n. [&d, ** without 
force'*; jttvo, "to assist"] To 
<u$i*t, helpt aid. 

ad-nitorf nlsus and nims 
sum, niti, 3. v. dep. [&d, 
" against " ; nitor, " to lean "1 
(** To lean against"; hence) Ixt 
exert one'e »e{f, etrive, etc. ; to 
put forth qforie, etc. 

adnixuSf a, um, P. perf. of 
adnltor. 

adsiniy pres. subj. of ad- 
sum ;— at yy. 70, 364 adsint and 
adsit are used in the force of 
the Greek Optative, i. e. to ex- 
press a wish. 

ad-sum, af-flii, ftd-esse, 
V. n. [&d, " at "; sum, " to be "J 
(" To be at " a place, etc. ; 
hence) !■ To be preeent.—Xm Of 
things as Subject : Tobe present, 
to be at hafutf to arrive. 

advectnSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of advdho ;— at v. 861 ad- 
vecta (supply ea == classis) is 
folld. by Ace. of place^ yiz. 
Bcopulos r§ 101]. 

ad-veno. vexi, vectum, 
r&d, " 



velare, 1. v. a. [&d, "without 
force "; velo, " to co\ er, wrap," 
etc.'] To covert endrelCf turround, 

adven-to, t&vi, tatum, tare, 
1. V. n. intens. [advfin-Io, "to 
come to"] To come to or to' 
wards; to proceed or come ow- 
warde ; to draw near. 

adven-tuSf tus, m. [advfo- 
lo, " to come to "] (" A coming 
to " a person or thing ; hence, 
the act being reg^arded as com- 
plete) Arrival. 

adver-suSf sa, sum, adj. 
[for advert-sus; fr. advert-o, 
" to turn towards "] (" Turned 
towards" an object; hence) !■ 
Oppoeite, in front. — Z* Confront- 
inff one another, etc. 

advertite« piur. pres. im- 
perat. of adverto. 

ad-vertOf verti, versum, 
vertSre, 3. v. a. [fr. &d, " to "; 
verto, '' to turn "J (" To turn to 
or towards"; hence) 1. Pass, 
in reflexive force : To turn one'e, 
etc., »e{f, or direct one'e, etc., 
way to. — 2ia To direct the mind, 
e^c. ;— at v. 804 supply eis or 
ad ea, as referring to preceding 
haec. — Pass. : ad-vertor, 
versus sum, verti. 

ad-v6cOf vdc&vi, vdcatum, 
vdcare, 1. v. a. [id, "to"; v6co, 
"to call"] To call to one, to 
eummon, etc. 

&d;^tuin, i. n. : 1. The 
eanetuary or innermoet part qfa 
temple^ which none but priests 
or priestesses were allowed to 
enter. — 2* The interior, or inner- 
moet reeeea of a tomb ; — at v 84 
in plur. [afivTov, " not to be 
entered "]. 

eeger, gra, grum, a^j. Sick, 
feeble, etc. : — eager anheUtus, 

shortness 



v6h«re, 3. v. a. [fd, "to"^ 
v6ho, "to carry "] X. To carry 
to a place, etc. — 2i« Pass, in re- feeble breathing, i. e. 
flexive force : (" To carry one's [ of breath, 
self to "; ». e.) To arrive at 
place; see advectos. \ ** a ^ 

ad'veio, velavi, vel&tum, \ C* ^^'a '^^^ ?»Xicv?*'»»x 

D 2, 






(yr ^>S2«»"i 



36 



VOCABULARY. 



\ 



■vritli another ; hence) Of a ship : 
A rival, competitor. 

eem-liluSf tila, iilam, adi. 
rakin to Im-ltor, " to imitate *^'] 
("Imitating"; hence, " emulat- 
ing "; hence) In a bad sense : 
Snviotu. 

JEneftdaBf amm; see 
^neas. 

JEneaSf 8B, m. ^neas; the 
mythic son of Anchises and the 
goddess Venus, and ancestor of 
tib.e Komans. After death he 
was worshipped under the title 
of Jupiter Indiges. — ^Hence, !■ 
JEne&d8e« arum, m. plur. 
{The followers or countrymen 
afMneas ; i. e.) Trojans. — 2. 
JEneiS, Idos, f. The JEneid; 
an epic poem by Virgil, of 
which iBneas is the hero [Gr. 

JEaeiSyldos; seeiEneas. 

&onain« i ; see &enus. 

fte-nuSyua, num, adj. [for 
8Br-ngus; fr. aes, ©r-is," bronze"] 
(" Pertaining to as **; hence) 
Of copper or bronze; brazen. — As 
Subst.: ftenuiiiyi, n. ^bronze- 
ealdron or 'pot for boiling food. 

JE61-Ius,Ia, lum, adj. [iEdl- 
hb, *' -fflolus," the god of the 
winds] Of, or belonging to, 
JBoltts: — ^oliee procellse, the 
tempests of .^iolus (v. 791), i.e. 
the tempest which JEoIus raised 
at the request of Juno, as men- 
tioned by Virgil, Mn. 1, 81 sq. 

eequ-eev-us, a, um, adj. 
reequ-UB, " equal ** ; sev-um, 

age"] €f equalf or the like, 
age. 

eequ-allSf ale, adj. [tequ- 
(a)-o, "to equal"] ("^That 
equals " ; hence, " equal in 
age"; hence, as Subst. :) eequ- 
aliSf is, m. An equal in age, a 
comrade. 

aequatns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of aequo. 

aequ-Of ayi, atom, are, 1. 7. a. 



[sequ-us] 1. [sequus, " even, 
level "] Tb make even or level with 
something : — sequata rostra, 
beaks made level, i. e. in a line 
with each other or abreast.—^, 
[aequus, " equal "] To make 
equal, to equalize. — Pass. : To be 
made, or become, equal : — sequatse 
aurse, the breezes having (or thai 
have) become equal, i. e. blowing 
with equal force, not in gusts, 
etc. 

8eqn-or« dris, n. [sequ-o, 
" to make level "] (" That which 
is made level "; hence, " a level 
8urf)a<;e ") !• A level plain ; 
V. 466.-2. ("The smooth sur- 
face of the sea" when calm; 
hence) Sing, and Plur. : The 
waters of the sea ; the sea in any 
condition. 

aequ-uSf a, um, adj. ("Of 
one uniform nature" through- 
out ; hence, " level, even " ; 
hence) Equal [akin to Sans. 
ek'OSj ** one "]. 

aeFf afiris, m. : 1. The air. — 
2a Cloud, mist, vapour [Gr. difp]. 

eer-dus, Sa, Sum, adj. [eds, 
8Br-is, "bronze"] ("Provided 
with tBs**; hence) X> Made of 
bronze, bronze-. — 2a X)f ships: 
With a beak of bronze ; brazen' 
beaked. 

adr-luSy la, lum, adj. [aer, 
aSr-is, "the air"] ("Of, or be- 
longing to, the air"; hence) 
Rising aloft in the air, high, lofty. 

eeSf 8Bris, n. Bronze, copper 
[akin to Sans, ayas, " iron"]. 

ees-tas, talis, f. ("The burn- 
ing season"; hence) Summer 
[prob. akin to Gr. aidw, " to 
bum or be hot"]. 

eetber, Sris (Ace. sethera, 
V. 13), m. ("The burning, or 
shining, thing "; hence) !• The 
upper air or ether ; the sky. — 2* 
Meaven [Gr. alQrfp]. 

eetber^lus, la, lum, adj. 
[eether, aethdr-iB, "the ether or 



VOCABULARY. 



37 



upper air"] ("Pertaining to 
ather '*; hence) !■ Fertaining to 
the upp»r air or »kv. — 2i. Ofy or 
pertaining to, the $ky or heavene; 
heavenly, eeleetial. 

eByruka, i, n. Jj^e-Hme, life, 
age [akin to Gr. aifvtvi Sans. 
4ytw,'.'Ufe"]. 

af-f&ro, at-t&li, al-latnm, 
af-ferre, 3. v. a. [for ad-fSro ; 
fir. 44, " to ": ftro, " to bring "] 
With Dat. [§ 106, a] : To bring 
to. 

ai&xaSf a, mn, Kdj. [for 
affig-SQS ; tr. afifig'O, " to fasten 
on to " a thing] C* Fastened on 
to, attached to "; hence) Hold- 
ing fcut, laying fast hold. 

af-nOf flavi, flatum, flare, 
1. V. a. [for ad-flo; tr. &d, 
"upon"; flo, "to blow or 
breathe"] To blow or breathe 
upon an object. 

&gro \ 9ee 1^0. 

agrffOrf Sris, m. [aggSr-o, 
"to bring to" a place] C' That 
which is brought to " a place ; 
hence, "materials" for forming 
an elevation; hence) !■ A 
mound. — 2. Of a road: The 
raised track, causeway, etc. 

&glte ; see &go. 

agr-meiif minis, n. [&g-o, 
"to put in motion^'] ("That 
which is put in motion "; hence) 
X> A line of persons or things. 
—a. or oars : The stroke.— 3. A 
band, troop, company, etc. — 4a 
Plur. : Troops, hont, etc. 

agrn-a, eb, f. ragn-us, "a 
lamb "] A ewe-lamb. 

a-ffnoscOf gnovi, gnltum, 
gnoscdre, 3. v.a. [for ad-gnosco ; 
It. &d, " in relation to "; gnosco 
(oldformof nosco), " to know"] 
("To know in relation to'"* 
one's self; hence) To recognize. 

^STOf egi, actum, &ggre, 3. 
V. a. C^To put, or set, in mo- 
tion"; hence) !■ To lead.—^. 
Of ships : To urge, or impel, on- 



wards; to drive forwards by 
oars, etc. — 3* To drive before 
one; to chase, pursue. — 4b ■ 
Mentally: To urge on, stir up, 
rouse, etc. — 5* Of actions: To 
do, etc. — 6a Imperat. as adv.: 
&^e« A^itOf come on I come .'— 
7a Of time: To paes, spend. — 
Pass. : ftgroFf actus sum, &gi 
[Gr. ayw], 

apr-estiSy este, adj. [&ger, 
agr-i, "a field"; plur., "the 
fields, country "] Of, or belong* 
ing to, the fields ox country; 
country; rustic. 

aiOy V. defect. To say, speak 
[akin to Sans, root am, for jlqb, 
" to say, speak "]. 

ala* EB, f. A wing, 

&l&cer9cris,'cre, adj. Quick, 
eager. 

A11>-a« s, f. [alb-US, 
"white"] ("The white" city) 
Alba ; the mother city of Rome, 
built by Ascanius, the son of 
^neas, upon the broad rocky 
margin between the Alban 
lake (now Lago di Gastello 
Grandolfo) and Mount Albanus 
(now Monte Cavo). From its 
length it obtained the designa- 
tion of Alba Longa, t. e. " LK>ng 
Alba."— Hence, (Alb-anus, 
ana, anum, adj. " Of, or belong- 
ing to. Alba ;_ Alban." — As 
Subst. :) Albania drum, m. 
plur. The people of Alba; the 
Albans. 

Alb&niyorum; see Alba. 

albnSf a, um, adj. White 
[akin to Gr. aX^6«]. 

AlcIdeSf 88, m. Alcidei 
("Descendant of Alceus," the 
father of Amphitryon; honce, 
as being the supposed son of 
Amphitryon) Mereules [Gr. 
'AAxeiJi);]. 

al-e-s, alltis, adj. [for al-i- 
(t)-s; tr. al-a, "a wmg"; i, 
root of 6o, " to go "; (t) epen- 
thetic letter] ("Wing-going"} 



38 



VOCABULARY. 



hence) With wingt, winged. — Aa 
Sabst. coinxn. gen. A bird, 

&l-iterf adv. [&l-i8, old 
form of &1-Ias, "another"] In 
another manner ^ othertoite: — ^haud 
Ulter, nU otherwise; i. e.Just «o; 
in thia, or the like, way, y. 692. 

&l-iuSf la, lad IQen. &lias ; 
Dat. &lli), adj.: !■ Another, 
other of many.— As Si^bst. : a. 
Singf. : &liuSf ins, m. Another 
pereon, another. — b* Plar. : 
dixit omm, m. (a) Others.— {h) 
The othent, the reet.—Zm Re- 
peated, whether in the same or 
in different cases: One . . . 
another takxa to Gr. a\-Xos, " an- 
other "J 

al-16quorf 15quuta8 smn, 
Idqoi, 3. V. dep. [for ad-ldquor ; 
fr. &d, "to"; 16quor, "to 
speak "] To speak to, address. 

al-muSf ma, mum, adj. 
f&l-o, " to nourish "] (" Nour- 
ishing"; hence) Fropitious, 
favourable. 

&l-Of td, tnm and !tum, Sre, 
3. V. a. (" To nourish "; hence) 
In figurative force : To support, 
etc. [akin to 6r. aA-0ci>]. 

ait-ariay arlum, n. plur. 
[alt-um, "a high place"! 
(" Things pertaining to altum * V 
hence, "that which is placed 
upon an altar (ara) for the 
bomingof the victim"; hence) 
A high altar, or altars, on 
which sacrifices were offered 
only to the supierior deities ; — at 
V. 93 altaria is put poetically 
for that which was on it. 

alt-e,adv. [alt-US, " high"] 
On high, aloft. 

al-ter, tfira, tSrum {Gen. 
al-tdrlus; Dat. altdri), adj. : !■ 
Another, the other of two. — 2a 
Repeated : alter . . . alter. The 
one . , . the other. — 3* The second, 
the next;— Sit v. 311 supply vic- 
tor with alter [akin to &1-Ius; 
see&Uus. 



imperat. of 



alter-nuSf na, num, adj. 
[alter, "another"] ("Pertain- 
ing to alter"; hence) Alternate, 
one after the other, by turns. 

ali-tus, ta, tum, adj. [&l-o, 
"to nourish"] ("Nourished; 
grown great by nourishment "; 
hence) !■ B.igh, lofty. — As 
Subst. : altum, 1, n. ^ At^A, 
or lofty, place; a height;— a.t v. 
608 plur. for sing. : eJta pStens, 
aiming at the hwh place, 1. e. 
aimii^ aloft. — 2. JD««P. — As 
Subst. : altum, i, n. The detm, 
the main, the open sea. — 3* Oi 
descent or birth: a* Ancient, 
old, remote. — ^b* Lofty, exalted, 
high. _ 

ama, pros 
&mo. 

jAjiiaz5ii->lus, la, lum, 
adj. [Amazdn-es, "the Amaz- 
ons '*; a community of warlike 
women on the banks of the 
Thermodon (now Terma), a 
river of Pontus] Cf, or beUmgit^ 
to, the Amazons; Amazonian. 

amb-ddo, edi, esum,dddre, 
3. V. a. [amb-i, " around "; fido, 
" to eat "] (" To eat, or gnaw, 
around"; hence) To devour, con- 
sume, by fire. — Pass. : amb- 
6dor, esus sum, ML 

ambesus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of ambddo. 

ambigr-tius, fta, ttum, adj. 
[amblg-o, "to doubt"] Doubt- 
ful, in doubt , — at V. 326 supply 
eum (= Helymum) with amblg- 
tium. 
^ amb-o, 8B, o, adj. Both [Gr. 

aiA^ai]. 

1. am-ions, ica, Icum, adj. 
r&m-o, "to love"] Loving, 
friendly. — As Subst. : &m« 
iCUS. i, m. A friend. 

2. amicus, i; see 1. &m- 
icus. 

amlssus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of amitto. 
a-mltto, misi, missum. 



VOCABULARY, 



39 



xnittSre. 3. y. a. [a (= &b). 



trom 



^•; mitto, " to let go "1 
(*• To let go from " one ; hence) 
7*0 lose in any way;— at v. 863 
the last syllable of amittdbat is 
leugtiiened in arsis. — Pass.: 
&-]liittorf missus sum, mitti. 

amniSf is, m. ("Water- 
conductor *'; hence) A ttream, 
rioer [akin to Sans, apmu ; fr. 
up, " water "j root iri, '* to con- 
duct"]. 

ftm-O, avi, atom, ire, 1. v. a.: 
1. Of personal Oligects : To love. 
_2. Of things as Object: To 
looe^ i. e. to take pUaeure or 
delight i«, to be Jbnd of: — ^litus 
&ma, (2ooe the enore ; 1. e.) keep 
eloee to, or hug^ the ehore, y. 163 

{'akin to Sans, root xjlk, *'to 
ove"]. 

ftm^oennSf oena, oennm. 
ac[j. [prob. km-o, "to love"1 
Of places: Lovely, deliffhtf\U, 
agreeable pleaitant, 

Hxa^OTf 5ris, m. [&m-o, " to 
love "] la Xow, qffeetion. — 2i. 
A beloved pereon, an object qf 
affection. — 3. Love of, or deeire 
tor, something. — ^N.B. Amdres, 
V. 334, is vanoosly referred to 
1 and 2. 

am-plee-tor, plexus sum, 
ti, 3. v. dep. [am (= ambi), 
"around"; root pmc, "to 
twine," whence plec-to] ("To 
twine around"; hence) !■ Of 
things as Object: To encircle, 
encompaee. — 2ia Of personal Ob- 
jects: To embrace. 

amplexus, a, um, P. perf. 
Of amplector. 

amplI-uSf comp. adv. [ad- 
verbial neut. of ampU-or; fr. 
amplus, " extensive "] (" More 
extensively"; hence) Of time: 
Longer, fiiriher, more. 

£Lakyeu.»t i, m. Amy cue; a 
son of Neptune, and king of the 
Bebrycians [Gr. 'AfiifKo^^. 

an, conj. [prob. a primitive 



word] 1. Whether.— Z, Or:— 
an . . . BXi,whether . . ,or whether, 

an-oep-Sf clplt-is, adj. [for 
an-capit-s ; fr. an (inseparable 
prefix) , " on both sides *U c&put, 
ciplt-iH, " a head"1 (" That has 
a head on both sides ; double- 
headed"; hence) !■ From, or 
on, both eides. — 2. Uncertain, 
dubiou$,doubtful.— 3 m Heeitating, 
wavering. — «■ DiJieuU, periUme, 
dangeroue. 

Jlkiiclilses, a (Ace. Ancbls- 
en, V. 614), m. Anehieees the 
flayer of Antes. — Hence, a« 
Ancbls-l&des. IftdaB, m. 
Son of Anchitee; i.e. MnSaa; 
V. 407.~b. JlkncbiB-eus, ea, 
enm, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
Anchieet: — ^v. 761, ending with 
Anchiseo, is a Spondaic line, 
i. e. it has a spondee for its fifth 
foot. 

AncblseuSf a, um; Jlkii- 
cblsl&deSy 88; see Ancbises. 

anclpitezn, ancXpXtes i 
see anceps. 

angr-uis (dlssyll.), uis, m. 
and f. A eerpent ; a enake [ang- 
o, "to squeeze"; and so, ^" the 
squeezing one "; cf. Gr. ex*'* ? 
Sans, ah-i, fr. a lost verb Ajr&<x 
B angqi. 

ftnnelans, ntis, P. ores, of 
&nhelo. — ^As Snbst. m. One who 
j^nte or w in the act ot pant" 

leUibel-ltas, It&s, m. [&n- 
hel-o, " to pant "] 1. A panting. 
— 2a A breathing, breath. 

da-belOf helavi, helatnm, 
hdlare, 1. v. n. To draw up the 
breath with difficulty, to gaep, to 
pant [for &n-halo ; fr. &n ( = av- 
d), " up "; halo, " to draw the 
breath^*; hence, "to draw up 
the breath"; hence, with the 
accessory notion of difficulty, 
as given above]. 

&bel-us, a, um, ac:^'. 
[inhgl-o, " to pant "] Fanting, 



40 



VOCABULARY. 



&ii-fma« Imse, f. ("That 
which blows or breathes " ; 
hence, "air"; hence, "the vital 
principle"; hence) \,Life.—'^» 
('* A hving creature or being "; 
hence) A »oul separated from 
the body ; a vpirit^ or vAcuJe, of 
a departed person; — at v. 81 
in plor. [akin to Sans, root ajt, 
•* to blow or breathe "; cf. &n- 
Kmus]. 

ftn-lznus, Imi, m. (" That 
which blows or breathes "; 
hence) l. The (rational) 9oul in 
man ; mind.—^. Heart, courage^ 
tpiril. — 3 a Will J inclination. — 
%m A Itaughty tpirit^ haughtine$»f 
pride; — at V. 473 plur. for sing, 
takin to Gr. wepLo^i " a stream 
of air"; Sans- root ak, "to 
blow or breathe "; cf. ftnlma]. 

an-nus, ni, m. ("That 
which goes round, a circuit"; 
hence) Of time: XmAyear. — 2ia 
A eecuon of the year [akin to 
Bans. jLK, "to go"; am-ati, 
** time"; also to Gr. iv-vo^ = ei'- 
lavTos, " a year "]. 

ann-fiuSf fia, fium, adj. 
Fann'us, "a year"] Of, or 
helonaing to, a year; annual^ 
yearly. 

antOf adv. and prep. : 1. 
Adv. : &■ Before^ in frtmJt.. — \i% 
Btfore, previously . - Q, First, in 
the Jirst place. — 2. Prep. gov. 
Ace. : 9u Before. — ba in front 
qf. — Oa Above, beyond. 

ant-iquuSf iqua, Iqnum, 
a^. [ant-e, "before"] (^'Per- 
taining to ante'*; hence) Old, 
ancient, belonging to former 
times. 

ap-pell-Oy avi, atum, are 
[for ad-pell-o; fr. ad, "to- 
wards"; pell-o, "to bring"] 
1. V. a. (In reflexive force : "To 
bring one's self to " a person 
in order to address him, etc. ; 
hence) la To address, accost, 
•leak to.— 2. With second Ace. 



[§ 99] : To name, or call, a per- 
son, or thing, that which is de- 
noted by second Aco. ; to pw- 
claim one, etc., a» something, 
etc. 

apri-onSy ca, cum, a^. 
[contr. fr. &p^r!-cus; fr. &p6rl- 
o, " to uncover "] (" Uncover- 
ed"; hence, "exposed to ttie 
sun, sunny"; hence) Of gulls: 
Fond of the eun, sunning them' 
stives, etc. 

apt->o« avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[apt-US, "joined on"] ("To 
make aptus"; hence, "to fit, 
adapt," etc.; hence) To get 
ready, prepare, 

&p-ua, prep. gov. ace. 

1'prob. obsol. &p-o, &p-to, "to 
ay hold of"] Xm Among, with. — 
2 a At, near. 

ftqu-a, S9, f. : la Water.— 
2. A stream. — 3a Sing, and 
Plur. = mare: The sea.— ^, Rain 
[akin to Sans, ap, " water "]. 

ilqu-ilo, Ildnis, m. (" The 
swift-flying thing "; hence) The 
North JVind; a northern blast 
[root AG ; akin to wk-vs, 
^* swift"; Sans, dm, "swiftly"]. 

ar-a* sb, f. (old form as-a) 
(" A seat or raised place "; 
hence, " an elevation or struc- 
ture " of wood, stone, etc. ; 
hence, with reference to pur- 
poses of worship) An altar 
Lprps. akin to Sans, root as, 
^^to sit"; dsana, " a seat"]. 

&ra-tmin, tri, n. [&r(a)-o, 
"to plough"] ("The plough- 
ing tning "; hence) A plough. 

arbor, firis, f. (" A tree "; 
hence, as being made from a 
tree, and either with or without 
mali— see mains) A mast of a 
ship. 

Arc&dla* 86, f. Arcadia ; a 
mountainous country in the 
centre of the Peloponnesus (now 
the Morea) in ancient Greece. 

arc-60y td (obsol. sup. 



VOCABULARY. 



41 



Itom), ere, 2. v. a. ("To shut 
up, enclose '*; hence, " to pro- 
hibit access to"; hence) To 
repelf keep off or at a cUetanee, 
drive away [prob. akin to Gr. 
ci^-ca, "to enclose"; and in 
some meanings to apK-iut, ** to 
ward off, defend"; also to 
Sans, root saksh, "to pre- 
serve"]. 

ar^Kses-sOf sivi, sitom, 
sSre, 3. V. a. [for ar-ced-so ; fr. 
ar =s ad, "to"; cSd-o, "to 
go"] (In causative force : " to 
cause to go, or come, to " one ; 
hence) To call, summon, aend for ^ 
etc. 

arcusy us, BL : XmA bow. — 

2ia A rain-bow. 

ardens, ntis, P. pres. of 
ard^o. 

arddOy arsi, arsum, ardere, 
2. V. n. : 1. To be on Jlre ; to 
burn, blaze.— 2f Of the eyes, or 
of persons with reference to the 
eyes : ToiUuk^glow, eparkle, etc. 
— 3* To bum with excitement, 
etc. ; to be inflamed or excited. 

ardlias, a, um, adi. 
(" Steep " ; hence) 1. Sigh, 
lefty, aZo/{.— Hence, ardftmn, 
i, n. ^ lofty place, height, 
eminence.—^. Of a horse : fiigh 
[akin to Sans, wrdva, Gr. 6p06s, 
^* erect"]. 

&re-nav nse, f. [arg-o, " to 
be dry"] (" The dned, or drv, 
thing"; hence) !■ Sand. — 2. 
A sandy place. — 3 a The shore, 
seashore. ~^m A place of combat, 
as strewed with sand ; the 
arena. 

argr-entum, enti, n. Silver 
[akin to Sans, raj -atom, "sil- 
ver," as "the shining thing "; 
fr. root UAJ, "to shine"; cf. 

-vpoO. 

Lr? ivi, drum ; ArgT- 
Ivtim; seeAr^vus. 

Argr-ivnSf iva, ivum, adj. 
[Arg-os, " Argos "; the capital 



apy-v 
A] 



of ArgSlis, one of the states of 
ancient S.Greece in the Pelopon- 
nesus (now the Morea). Juno 
was its tutelary goddess, and 
was worshipped there with 
especial reverence] Of, or 
belonging to, Argos ; Argive. — As 
Subst. : Argrivi, drum (Gton. 
Argivtm, v. 672), m. plur. 
("The Argives"; hence) The 
Greeks, 
Arer&llcuSf a, um, adj. : 

1. Of, or belonging to, Argolis, 
the territory of Argos in the 
Peloponnesus (now tne MorSa) ; 
Argolic: — Argdllcum m&re = 
Argdllcua sinus, the sea, or bay, 
of Argolis (now the Qulf of 
Ifauplia). — Z« Oreek, Otician 
[Gr. 'ApyoAMto?]. 

ar-iduSf Ida, Idum, adj. 
[ar-«o, "tobedry"]. 

ar-mav morum, n. plur. 
(" Things adapted " to any pur- 
pose "; hence) !■ Arms, weapons. 
— 2a Armour.—^, Of a ship : 
The sails, tackling, etc. [akin to 
Gr. op-oi," to adapt"]. 

arm-X-perf g£ra, gSrum, 
a^j. [arm-a, " arms "; (1) con- 
necting vowel ; g6r-o, " to 
bear "T-4rw-6ettrin^ or -carrying. 

—As Subst. : armigrer, 6n, 

m. An armour-bearer : — Jovis 
armiger, i. 0. the eagle. 

arrectus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of arrlgo ; — at v. 643 sup- 
ply sunt with arrectee. 

aivrigrOy rexi, rectum, rlg- 
Sre, 3, V. a. [for ad-r3go; fr. 
&d,"" up, upwards "; r$go, "to 
keep straight "] (*' To keep 
straight up "; hence) 1. To Itft, 
or raise, up.— 2. Mentally : To 
rouse, excite.— Pass. : ar-rXgT" 
OFf rectus sum, rlgi. 

ar-S, Us, f. : 1. Art, skill.— 

2. A work of art ; — at v. 359 plar. 
for sing.— 3.^r/t/Zce, stratagem 
[either akin to ap-10, " to join," 
and so, " a joining " ; or fr. 



42 



VOCABULARY. 



&r-o, " to plongh," and so " a 
ploughing," as the earliest and 
most important act of skill]. 

arsif x>erf. ind. of arddo. 

ar^tuSf tus, m. (" A fitting 
on"; "that which fits on"; 
hence) A Joint: a Umh [Or. op-w, 
"to fit "J. 

ftr-uiKl-Oylnis, f. fprob. &r 
f = id), " at "; nnd-a, '^water"] 
("That which is at, or grows 
near, the water " ; hence, " a 
reed "; hence, as made firom a 
reed) An arrow. 

weraixkt i ; pee arms. 

(arv-ns« a, nm, adj. [&r-o, 
"to plough"] Ploughed, but 
not yet sown. — As Bubst. :) 
annun, i, n. (" The ploughed 
thing " ; i. e. " ploughed land, 
an arable field " ; hence) X. 
Plur. : Fteldtf j)lain», etc. — 2ia 
A region, country, dittrict. 

AsoaniUSf li, m. Aseaniue 
(called also lulut), son of 
JEnS&B and GrStisa. 

aspeo-tOf tavi, tatnm, tare, 

1. V. a. intens. fasplclo, " to 

•look at, see," through true root 

ASPBo] To look at attentively ; to 

keep looking at. 

asper, £ra, emm, a4j. : !■ 
Bough.— Z, Of habits, etc.: 
Bugged,'— eA v. 730 foUd. by Abl. 
of Respect [§ 118].— 3. Of the 
sea or things connected with it : 
Stormy, rough, tempestuous. 

a-spIciOy spezi, spectnm, 
splcdre, 3. v. a. [for ad-spdcio ; 
fr. &d, " on or upon "; sptelo, 
" to look "1 1. To look upon, be- 
hold, 9ee.—2Lm Mentally : To con- 
sider, reaard. 

aspiranSf ntls, P. pres. of 
aspiro. 

a-spirOf spiravi, spir&tnm, 
spirare, 1. v. a. and n. [for ad- 
spiro; fr. &d, "upon"; spiro, 
** to breathe "1 1. Act. : With 
Dat. [§ 106, a] : To breathe, or 
blow, something upon one. — 2ia 



Neut. : ("To breathe wpanf^ 
hence) To be favourable, etc. 

assid-lias, Oa, tkum, adj. 
[as8ld-6o, " to sit down, i. e. to 
continue or remain constantly " 
in a place] (" Sitting down, t. e, 
continuing, etc. , constantly " in 
a place ; hence) With reference 
to time : Constant, continual, un- 
ceasing. 

as-*suesco(in poetstrisyll.), 
su6vi, suetum, suesc^re, 3. v. a. 
[for ad-suesco; fr. &d, "to"; 
suesco, "to accustom"] With 
Dat. [§ 106, a]: To accustom, 
or habituate, to. — Pass.: as- 
saescoFf sustus sum, suesci. 

assuetas (trisyll.), a, um, 
P. perf. pass, of assuesco. 

assui-taSy tus, m. [for 
assult-tus ; fr. assult-o, " to 
bound upon " in order to make 
an attack] (" A bounding up* 
on"; hence) A forward bound or 
spring; an assault. 

ast 8 see at. 

astitly perf. ind. of asto. 

a-StOy stiti, stittum, stare, 1. 
V. n. [for ad-sto : fr. id, " near "; 
sto, "to stand"] To stana near, 
at hand, or close by. 
^ astmm, i, n. A star [Gr. 
atrrpov]. 

at (ast), conj. But [nkin to 
Sans, athas Gr. ar-dp, "but"]. 

ateFf tra, trum, a^j. Black, 
dark, in colour. 

a1>-que (contr. ac), conj. 
[for ad-que; fr. id, denoting 
" addition "; que, " and "] And 
also, and besides, moreover, and. 

at-tingro,tIgi, tactum, ting- 
8re, 3. v. a. [for ad-tango; fr. 
id, "against"; tango, "to 
touch"] ("To touch against, 
or come in contact with," 
something; hence) To reach, 
arrive at a place. 

attollenSf ntis, P. pres. of 
attollo. 

at-tollOf no perf. nor sup.. 



VOCABULARY. 



43 



tolldre, 3. V. a. [f«r ad-tollo ; fr. 
id, "up, upwards"; tollo, "to 
lift "1 X. To lift, or roue, up.— 
2. Of a rock : Paaa. in re- 
flexive force : To lift, or raw.', 
Utelf up ; to ri$e up. — Pass. : 
at-tollor, so perf., tolli. 

att6n«ltns, ira, itom, a4j. 
[attdn-o. "to thunder at"; 
nence, * to confound, amaze "1 
Corfoundedf amazed, eutoniakea, 
thundergtruek. 

a ttttl l, perf. ind. of aff%ro. 

AttuSf i, m. Attui; a Roman 
house, or clan, which claimed 
descent flrom Atys, the youthftd 
ftiend of Ascanius. Amongst 
its memhers was-Attus Navius, 
the augur, who is said to have 
cat a whetstone in two in the 
presence of Tarquinius Priscus, 
the fifth king of Rome.— Plur. : 
The AfH, 

At]^Sf io&t m. Aty»; a Troj- 
an boy, the youthful friend of 
IQlus or Ascanius ; v. 660. 

auo-torf tdris, m. (.for aug- 
tor ; fr. aug-^o, " to produce '*] 
(" He who produces '* some- 
thing ; hence, " a ftither," tie. ; 
hence) An advUer, counsellor. 

auotumSf a, um, P. fut of 
augto. 

aua-az, &ds, adj. [aud-^, 
"to dare'*] Daring, bold, eour- 
ageouM, mirtted. 

audeOf ausus sum, audere, 
2. V. semi-dep. : !■ With Inf. : 
To dare, or venture, to do some- 
thing.— 2. With Ace. of thing : 
To dare, ventttre upon, some- 
thing J V. 792. 

audXiy perf. ind. of audio. 

aud-IOf ivl or li, itum, ire, 
4. V. a. 2'o hear. — Pass. : aud- 
tOTf audltus sum, audiri [akin 
to a^ ( = o^), «vT-os, " an 
ear"]. 

auditaSf a, nm, P. x>orf. 
pass, of audio. 

angr-dOy auzi, auctam, aug- 



§ro, 2. y. a. To inereaee, augment 
[akin to Gr. avfavkt b avy- 
vavta]. 

augrftr^lmiiff 11, n. [augfir- 
or, "to augfur"j] !■ Augury. — 
2* An omen, tign, token, pro- 
gnostic. 

aura, SB, f. : 1. The air; a 
breath of air. — 2a A breege. — 3* 
The upper air: the heaven, shi 
[Gr. ttiT.]. 

aur-atus, ita, itum, adj. 
[aur-um, "gold"] (" Provided 
with aurum^'; hence) Of a gar- 
ment : Embroidered with gold, 

aur-6uSf to, £um, adj. 
[id.] (Of, or belonging to, aur- 
um' ; r.ence, " golden"; benoe) 
CHldetf, gilt;— at v. 362 aureis 
is to be pronounced as a dis- 
syllable, by the figure syu- 
8N:^is. 

aurigra, k, m. A charioteer, 
driver. 

aur^iSf is, f. [for aud-ie; 
fr. aud-Io, "to hear"] ("The 
hearing thing "; hence) The 
ear. 

Aurora, », f. (" The dawn, 
day-break"; hence, personified) 
Aurora, the goddess of^ the 
dawn [akin to Gr. ov-m; = i7-«s ; 
Bans, uth-as, " the early mom"; 
fr. root usH, " to burn," and eo 
" to shine," ete.^. 

aur-um, i, n. (" The burn- 
ing thing "; t. e. " the glittering 
or shining metal ") 1. Oold, as 
a metal.— 2a At v. 817, as being 
made of gold : either aa A yoke 
of gold; or ba A golden ear [akin 
to Sans, root ush, "to bum"; 
Gr. atp-ov]' 

Aus6ii-lus, la, lum, adj. 
[Ausdn-es, "the Ausonea"; a 
very ancient, and perhaps 
Greek, name of the primitive 
inhabitants of Middle and Low- 
er Italy] Of, or belonging to, the 
Ausdnee; Ausonian; Italian, 

auspX o-Xum, Ii, n. [auspez. 



VOCABULARY. 



JUi-Bter, stri, m, ("Tbe 
drier ") Tkt South Kind ;— at v. 
8W_m plnr. [Gr. -.-«. 

aaaiu, b, mn, P. peiF. of 
BodSoi— M I. 7M anpply est 

aat. conj. Or ^-«ot . . . nnt, 

em, cooj. 2iit, twevsr 



niosinB"] ("The qoaUty, «■ 
ilaw, ot iha oBiriiu'',- henie) 
Aid, iOp, ntmtaaca;— bC t. Wi 






led BiUijnm, & couDtry 
la Min^ Of, or Sf/osjiB,, 
irycia, Sefiryetaii, Bitkgtii. 



Bitkgnivn. 



6rJ>e,Ss,E, £ara#,ui 

iiDM by IriB, when 
less ioBlij^ced tha 1 



wooiied hills. Ite 
deadtjf a& 
hood was I 



ax-la, ''is, i 

Uee"i t;eQC«, 



™l'; B lake in 


iti.o«iai-, oaiori,!, a^. cw 




(= bis), "twice"; color, "col- 




otK"] IHartng twice a oolonr "[ 






{8dj.}."^t«^ieeti.'T'r™ 




its neighbonr- 


animal with two rows ot teeth. 




complete ";eBp.).^.S«p. 




biBBB,i™n.r- plnr. [contr. 
fr.bvVffil oeeblJiiBOflJC'Tho 
double-joied" onesi hence. 


■wU.— Honca, 
urn. Brtj. -Of. 




'■apfli/ofho«»"i heBcol J 




ttBTKf. or nw, dn.«» t» (m. 


v,e\i 


*«■«.,■ £,/»=-i«-«.rfa™f. 






(=biBj. ■■twice":jOE-um, "a 


r. ^ iim [akia 


rolio-]("Twico-rolted";benco, 
"donble-joked'^ihenpc) Fotni 


Ird": Ihe a is 




dm (o(wl*tr,— at V. 1+1 Wjagion 


.'^("ii Wie- 


tho iw«in the publip (mniDS. 


the axis" of 


lii-nl,nffi, ti, nam. distribn- 



VOCABULARY. 



4S 



tive aOJ. plnr. [bi =bi8, " twice"] 
(•* Pertaining to bia "; hence) 1. 
Two distribatively ; 1. e. two a- 
piece. — 2. Two. 

bi-penn-iSfiB. f. [blpenn- 
ia, *• double-edged "] 1 double- 
edged, or two-edged, axe ; a battle- 
axe. 

bis« num. adv [fordil-is; fV. 
dtt-o, •• two "] Twtce. 

blandus, a, um, adj. Of 
things : Pteaeing, acceptable, 
wetcome. 

bdnus, a, um, adj. Good in 
the widest acceptation of the 
term ; excellent, tf^ Gomp. : 
mdllor; Sup.: optlmus. 

bos, bdvis (Flur. b6ves, 
bdum), comm. gen. (" The low- 
ing or bellowing one "; hence) 
A cow or ox ;— Plur. : Cattle 
[akin to Gr. fiov^Ji. 

brftcllXllin« !i, n. An arm ; 
—Plur. : The »ail-yarde of a ves- 
sel [akin to 6r. ^paxluvl. 

brdvU, e, a^j. ("Short"; 
hence) In depth : Shallow. ^pT 
(Gomp. : brfiv-lor) ; Sup. : br6v- 
isslmus [akin to Gr. fipaxvs, 
"short"]. 

8ut58, a (Ace. Baten, 
y. 372), m. Butee, a son of 
Amj^cuskingof the Bebr^cians, 
killed by Dares in a boxing en- 
counter at the tomb of Hector 
[Gr. Bounds]. 

C8eouSfa,um,a4j. ("Blind"; 
hence) !■ Hidden, urnteen. — 2. 
Where nothing can be eeen; 
dark. 

CflBdOf cScidi, csesnm, csed- 
ere, 3. V. a. [akin to c&do, " to 
fell "] (In causative force : " To 
cause to fell"; hence) 1. To 
kill, elay, elaughter. — 2. Toqffer, 
eaerifiee, by killing victims. — 
Pass.: oeedort caesus sum, 
cflBdi. 

C8Bl&tnSf a, um, P. i>erf. 
pass, of cselo. 



oeel-O, avi, atnm, are, 1. y. a. 
[c8Bl-um, "a gi-aver"] To en- 
grave in relief, or make raieed 
work, on metals ; to chase.—' 
Pass. : C8el-or« atus sum, ari. 

ceertlilduB, a, um, adj.: 1. 

Dark -coloured, dark, — 2. 2)art- 
blue, azure. 

ceestus, tus, m. [for ceed- 
tus; fr. credo, "to strike"] 
(" The striking thing"; hence) 
A cattus, gauntlet, boxing-glove, 
tor pugilists, formed of a strap 
of bull's hide with balls of lead 
or iron sewed into it. 

caesuSf a, um, P. perf. pass, 
of csedo. 

calx, calcis, f. (sts. m.) A 
heel. 

campus, i, m. : 1. Afield 
or plain.— ^m Of a rock, e^c. : A 
level ncr/oce [prob. akin to ic^irof , 
" a garden "J. 

candens, ntis, P. pres. of 
canddo. 

canddo, fii, no sup., ere, 2. 
V. n. To be of a glietentng white- 
nes$; to be brilliantly while [prob. 
fr. same root as c&nus]. 

cand-Xdus, Ida, idum, adj. 
[cand-fio, "to be brilliantly 
white"] ("Brilliantly white ''^i 
hence) Fair, lovely, beaultful. 

can-do, tii, no sup., ere, 2. 
V. n. [can-u9, "grey"] To be 
grey or hoary ; v. 418. 

o&n-is, is, comm. gen. A 
dog, hound [akin to Gr. Kv*av, 
Kvv-6t; German hund; English 
hound ; Sans. 9VAir]. 

C&no, cdcini, no sup., c&nSre, 
3. V. a. (" To sing"; hence) 1. 
As the ancient oracles were 
often given in verse : To foretell, 
forebode, etc.— 2. With Object- 
ive clause : To give the eignal^ 
or to announce, that, etc. [aldn to 
Sa-is. root ^AJka, " to praise, to 
relate "]. 

ca-nus, na, num, adj. 
(" Bqmed "; hence) 1. Qrey, 



46 



VOCABULARY. 



hoary. — ^2« Aneientf venerahU 
[akin to Gr. xa-tw, ** to bom "]. 
O&p-essOf eaaivi or essli, 
OBtitmn, essdre, 3. v. a. desid. 
[c&p-fo, •* to take "1 (" To desire 
to take"; hence, "to seize, or 
catch at, eagerly"; hence) Of a 

Slace : To repair, or retort , to ; to 
etake one's Uif to, try to reach. 

O&plOfCepi, captnm, cipdre, 
S. v. a. : la To take.—^. To get 
or obtain; to receive. — 3* To take 
poeeeeaion of^ eeize. 

C&p-Ut, Itifi, n. : 1. The head. 
— ^2. Of animals : A head ; i. e. 
one of the particular sort of 
animals specified by the writer 
[akin to Sans, kap&lai Gr. 

caroerydris, m. ("An enclos- 
ure or enclosed place; hence) 
Of a race-course : A harrier ^ a 
etarting-plaee.— In fh}nt of the 
career, m the Boman circus, 
were two small statues of Merc- 
ury (Hermuli) supporting a 
chain to keep in tne horses. 
Sometimes a white line, or a 
farrow filled with chalk, sup- 
plied the place of the chain ; 
and at the spot thus marked, 
the horses were kept back by 
the public officers denoted Mor- 
atoree (i.e. "Hinderers or De- 
layers ") till the sij^ial for start- 
ing was given [Sicilian KopKap- 
oyj. 

oarcbeslumt li, n. A cup, 
or goblet, contracted in the mia- 
clle [Gr. Kapxja-iov]. 

Ofir-dOy tLi, Itum, ere, 2 v. n. 
(" To shear or be shorn *' ; 
hence) With AbL [§ 119, 1] : To 
be tnthout or free from ; tooe de- 
aiUute or devoid cf [akin to <cap, 
a root of Kctp-w, ** to shear "1. 

O&rina, a, f. : 1. The keel, or 
beitom, of a vessel.— 2. A veeeel, 
ehin. 

Carp&th-las, la. Yum, adj. 
[Carp&thos, " (}arpathii8 " (now 



Scarpanto), an island in the 
^gean Sea] Of, or belonging to, 
Ccu'^athtu; Carpathian. 

ca-mSf ra, rum, adj. Be- 
loved, dear [for cam-rus ; skin 
to Sans, root kak, " to love"]. 

Cassanara* », f. Caemndra, 
a daughter of Priam and 
Hecuba. Apollo bestowed upon 
her the gift of prophecy, but 
caused that none of ner pre<^Iic- 
tions should be believed [Gr. 

Koco'drSpa]. 

castel-lum, li, n. dim. 
[for caster-lum ; fr. castrum, 
cast(e)r-i, " a fort"] A email fort ; 
a castle, citadel, fortress, strong' 
hold. 

castigrOy &vi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. To reprove, chide, find fauU 
with. 

(cas-tnim, tri, n. "The 
covering thing "; hence) Plur. : 
castra* drum, A camp or en- 
campment, as containing several 
tents or huts [prob. for ska<l- 
trum ; akin to Sans, root sxad, 
•* to cover"]. 

oas«tnSy ta, turn, a4i« : !■ 
Chaste, pure. — 2. In a reugiouA 
sense : Moly, sacred, pUms [akin 
to Gr. KoB-apoi, "pure"]. 

oa-sus, siis, m. [for cad- 
sus ; fr. c&d-o, "to fall"] 1. A 
falling, fall. — 2a Chance, ac- 
eideni, event. — 3a Mirfortune, 
calamity. 

<^tenra« », f. A troop, band, 
company. 

causav 88, f. A Cfuse, reason. 

cau-tes, tis, f. (" A sharp- 
ened thing"; hence) A sharp 
rock [akin to Sans, root 90, " to 
sharpen "]. 

oav-da,e8B, f. [c&v-us, " hol- 
low"] ("A hollow place"; 
hence) Of a theatre : The circ- 
ular part, where the BX>ectatora 
sat; the spectators* seats or 
benches. 

OftTUSi a, nm, a4j. Mollyw, 



VOCABULARY. 



47 



Odolnif p€af . ind. of cXno. 

o54lOt ceasi, ceasom, ceddre, 
8. y. n. : 1. To go away^ with- 
draWf draw bade.— 2tm To yield; 
to give way or place ; to reeign the 
eonteet [jSkin to Gr. ya^oftat (» 
Xajtrouoi), " to retire^' J. 

odlebrfttasy a, um, P. 
perf. pass, of odlebro. 

odIebr-Oy ftvi, atom, &re, 
1. v. a. [oSIfiber, odlebr-is, 
" much frequented "; hence, of 
a religions ceremony, ete.f to 
which great numbers of per> 
sons resort, ** solemn, festive "] 
la To keepfeetive or feetal. — 2. 
To eolemniKef celebrate: — for 
celcbremu$t 1. pers. plor. salq. 
pres., consult vertamme in verto. 
— Pass. : e^^lebr^or, itos 
Bmn,irL 

cel-er« fins, Sre, adj. [cxl. 
root of cel-lo, "to urge on**] 
("Urged on"; hence) 8w^, 
rapid^fieet, 

odleraASf ntis, P. pres. of 
G£l6ro. 

o616r-o« &Ti, &tum, &re, 
1. v.a. [ofiler, "swift**] ("To 
make ceusr "; hence) To quicken ; 
to kaeten, or epeed, on or onward* ; 
to accelerate. 

oel-sus, sa, sum^ adj^[cel- 
lo, " to urge alon 
along"; hence) 

CentaumsL 
toMT. The Centaurs were flEtbled 
monsters of antiquity, half man 
and half horse, that were said 
to have sprung fbom Ixion and 
a Cloud. They were, however, 
a Thessalian people, who were 
the first to break in horses, and 
who derived their name either 
firom fighting on horseback 
with lances or from their pur- 
suit of wild cattle), f. As the 
name of a ship: The Centaur 
[KcVravpoc, **" Piercer, Lancer **; 
~or " BuU-piercer, Bull-goad- 
«r»']. 




oSpif perf. ind. of c&plo. 

oeplssezHf pluperf. subj. 
of c&plo. 

o6r^ebnim,ebri, n. (" That 
which is carried in the head or 
skull"; hence) The brain, — at 
w. 413, 480 the second e is long 
[akin to Gr. <cap-a, " the head '* J. 

cemOf crevi. crdtnm, cen. • 
6re, 3. v. a. (" To separate or 
sift**; hence) To perceive ^ ditcern, 
eee, whether by the eye or the 
mind froot ess or ess, akin to 
Gr. Kpi-i^ : Sans, root xsx, " to 
sepsrate"]. 

oertA^menf minis, n. [cert- 
(a)^. "to contend'*] ('That 
which contends "; hence) 1. A 
conteetf etruggle, in games, efc. 
— 2* JSmulation, eeaT, eagemeMe, 
etc. J V. 197.— 3. A JIgkt, con- 
teetf engagement, 

oerta-tizn, adv. [id.1 
("By a contending"; hence) 
Eagerly. 

oer^to, t&vi, t&tum, t&re, 
1. V. n. intens. [cxa, root of cer 
no, "to fight '^] ("To fight" 
hence) !■ To contend in games 
ete.—2t* With Inf. : To atrioe, 
eameetly endeavour ^ to do^ etc. 

oer-taSf ta, tum, adj. f cer, 
root of cer-no, "to de(ide"J 
(" Decided**; hence) 1. Of per- 
sons : Certtun, eure, with respect 
to something. — 2« Of things: 
JPixed, eettled, sure, certain. 

cer^TQSf vi, m. (" The hom- 
ed one ") A deer, $tag [akin to 
Gr. icep-a«, " a horn '*]. 

oessi, perf. ind. of cedo. 

oete; seecetus. 

cetdmSf a, um (rare in 
Bing.), adj. The other; the re- 
nuiimngs thereetqf. 

cetnSf i, m. (in plur. fre- 
quently oet5«n., in accordance 
with its Br. origin ; see below) 
ui Ma-«omrf 6r of any kind ; e.g. 
a^ whale, a shark, etc, [Gr. 



48 



VOCABULARY. 



oeUf adv. Ab^ like a*. 

Clllin8era,8B, f. Chimara (a 
fobled monster in Lycia, with 
the tore part of a lion, the mid- 
dle of a goat, the hinder part of 
a dragon. It was said to vomit 
forth fire. After it was named) 
one of the ships of JSneas [Gr. 
Xi/maipa, ** a goat "]. 

cblftmys, ydis, f. A eloak, 
mantle [Gr. x^aMw*]- 

cli5raSy i, m. C* A dance in 
a ring, a choral dance "; hence, 
*' a &ncing or singing band, a 
choir " J hence) A band, troop, 
crowd, etc., of any kind ; see 
Phorcus [Gr. xopo«J- 

cldOf civi, cltom, c!ere, 2. v. a. 
('* To make to go " ; hence) 
To eaute, produce, etc.: — clere 
simulacra pugnset, {to vrodtice 
eemblancee of a fight; i. e.) to en- 
gage in ehamfighte, v. 686 [akin 
to'Gr. let'oi, "to go"]. 

cingrlte, plnr. pres. im- 
perat. of cingo. 

Cingro, cinzi, cinctnm, cing- 
dre, 3. V. a. To surround, en- 
circle. 

ClnlSy 8ris, m. Ashee; — at 
vv. 66 and 81 in plur., of the 
ashes of the dead [akin to Gr. 

KOVli"]. 

cinxi, perf. ind. of cingo. 

circ-muSf iili, m. [either 
akin to circns; or fr. circ-o, 
•* to go round "J ('* That which 
goes round"; hence, " a circle "; 
hence) A ring^ chain, in a cir- 
cular form ; a circlet. 

circum, adv. and prep, 
[prob. adverbial ace. of circus, 
^^-a ring"] ("In a ring"; 
hence) 1* Adv. : Around, round 
about, all round.— ^, Prep, with 
Ace. : Around, etc. 

circum-flecto, flexi, flex- 
um, flectfire, 3. v. a. [circum, 
"around"; flecto, "to bend "J 
To bend, or turn, round. 

cironst if m> ("A ring. 



circle"; hence. " The Circus" or 
race-course at Rome ; hence) A 
natural circun or racc'couree ; an 
open ^ace for games [Gr. xtpic- 
osT. 

CISflMUSf Si, m. CieseuK ; a 
king of Thrace, flather of Hec- 
tiba, the wife of Priam, king of 
Troy [Kio-o-ev?, " Ivy-man " ; 
i. e. *'one crowned •mtb. ivy"]. 

cltlus; seecYto. 

dt-O, adv. [cit-us, " swiffc^ 
Stoiftly, rapidly, quickly. ^^ 
Comp. : cit-lus. 

ci-tns, ta, turn, adj. [d(-to, 
"to put in motion 'n (" Pnt 
in motion"; hence) a. Swift, 
rapid. — 2. In adverbial force: 
Swiftly, rapidly. 

Oivis, is, comm. gen. ("A 
dweller " ; hence) A citizen, 
whether man or woman, as a 
dweller in a city; — at v. 671 
cives (fem.) may be rendered 
" country-women " [akin to 
Sans^root kshi, " to dwell "]. 

Clam-ory 5ris, m. [clam-o, 
" to cry out "] Outcry, clamour; 
a ehout. 

olarisslmuSf a, um ; see 
clarus. 

da-ms* ra, rum, adj. 
(" Heard "; hence) 1. Clear in 
souud ; loud, etc. — 2. Clear, 
bright, shining. — 3- Of disting- 
uished persons : £enowned, 
illust rious, famous, celebrated. 
fgS^ (CJomp. : clar-lor) ; Sup. : 
c^-issimus [prob. akin to Sans, 
root 9Bu; Gr. icAv-o); Lat. clti- 
fio, "tohear"]. 

classls, is, f. : 1. Of per- 
sons summoned for sea service : 
A fleet comprising the ships as 
well as the men serving in them. 
— 2f A fleet of ships, alone 
[icAaa-i« = icAi)a-is, " a calling"]. 

dauduSf a, um, adj. Limp- 
ing, halting, lame [akin to Sans. 
khdla, "crippled^'; Gr. x«A«k, 
"lame"]. 



VOCABULARY. 



elftTna, i, m. (" The c1< 



ClttftHUkUB,!, m. Cloanlltia, 
a Trojiui, onB of the followers 
OF Antes. Ths Roman Ikmil;, 
or house, of the Cloentii ore 
■aid by TirgU to lune been 
dcRcended from him [XA<mi4- 

Cltt«iltlaa, fi, m. (Voo. 



ri^. ampil.—Yua. : tA-fOt, 

o'ol-nio.'l*(rl. lectotn. Ha- 

. 'euri (= comj, "tOKether"! 
!.■:•, " to gather "1 ("To aftther 

rniiilfiisOlflecti TViVWri. 
oolIlB.,iB,^ m. A m [akin 
coI-lQoilSo. no pcrr. nor 



'. IJS), 1 






ihEllerinj; the 

[flk^''lo G?!^iS^''^hj _. 
cover"]. [nkin (o 

eiBliuiiil.n.^ 1. HtOKB.— uki'II"!. 
a. n. »mrtu. I*< •t. [akin- --•-- 
Or. «t;i..t." hollow^. ■■ 

oae-taB< tun. m. [uiotli 
ronn ot cW-tni! ft. oMo. " 



in agreit degree "; hence) 
M SrigMts. ta bt brigkll^ 

. . jiun> i, n. Tit rriA. 
o^lOf cAlnt. caltam. cfilBra, 



oi] ( 



, ak uHtn^^l (= cum), " together'"; I, i 



EnDscjre, 3.T. a. fco [ = cum),ln comltana, i 

(=Do>co),"(ohecomeHcgnaini. climltea. i 
ed «illi''] ('-To b--- - - - - 



qnainied with on all aides"; 


odinit-op,StnBsiira, «ri. I 


hence) 1. To i/ami acpuiiiM 
•■(4, Sm™, no*..— a. fa perf. 


r. cicp. [cflmM. c6mu-l», " 




*«». 


com-meDdO, mendiTi 


«d-KO, cMp, cB-actom, cO- 




Btie, S. T. a. [contr, fr. co-ii[0! 


[liir com-mando; IV. com (= 


force; mando, " to commit" 


?!.'!ir"'iir^">i%?:°^.': 


With'Dat.ofi«™.n[S10^«l 



so 



VOCABULARY. 



conHde, or entrtuft to for pro- 
tection. 

conunlssuSf a, nm, P. 
perf. pass, of committo. 

com-mlttOy misi, misBtmi, 
mitt£re, 3. v. a. [com (= com), 
"together"; mitto, "to cause 
to jfo"] ("To cause to go to- 
geUier'^; hence) 1. Of a fight, 
efc.f as Object: To engage in. — 
2. Of games, etc. : Pass. : To 
be engaged in ; i. e. to have com- 
menced or begun, to be beginning. 
—Pass.: oom-mlttory mis- 
sus sum, mitti. 

oommotus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of commdvdo. 

coin-in6v6o,mdvi, mdtum, 
mdvere, 2. v. a. [com (= cum), 
in ''intensive'* force; m6v6oJ 
1. [mdvSo, " to move "] (" To 
move greatly"; hence) Of the 
wings of a bird : To mooe, or fly, 
wifh force or rapidity, — 2* 
[m6v6o, "to remove"] ("To 
remove greatly"; hence) To 
drive out, etc.' — Pass. : com- 
mdveor, mdtus sum, mdveri. 

COmpellO, avi, atnm, are, 
1. V. a. [compello (3. v. a.) in 
reflexive force, " to bring one's 
self" to a x)«r8on in order to 
address him; hence) \, To ad- 
dreet, ^peak to, accost. — 2* To 
addreee reproachfully, etc. ; to 
chide, rebuke, take to task. 

com-pleotorf plexus sum, 
plecti, 3. V. dep. [com (= cum), 
*• with"; plecto, " to entwine "1 
(" To entwine one's self with ** 
some person or thing; hence) 
To embrace, clasp. 

com-pieo, plevi, pletum, 
plere, 2. v. a. [com (= cum), in 
'• augmentative " force ; pl8o, 
"to fill"] 1. To mi entirely or 
completely ; to flit up, flll ;— at 
V. 107 with Abl. [§ 119, 61—2. 
Of time: To flnish, complete. — 
Pass. : com-pldor, pletus 
sum, pleri. 



compl^ rant, for complev- 
Srant, 3. pers. plur. pluperf. 
ind. of complSo. 

1. complexus, a, um, P. 

perf. of complector. 

2. eomplexus, us, m. [for 
complect-sus ; fr. complect-or, 
"to embrace"] An embracing, 
an embrace. 

eompresslf perf. ind. of 
comprlmo. 

com-prlmo, pressi, pres- 
sum, primSre, 3. v. a. [for com- 
pr6mo; ir. com(= cum), "to- 

?:ether "; pr§mo, " to ]>res8 "1 
" To press together "; hence) 
To check, rettrain, tupprese. ' 

coii-c&inis, c&va, c&vum, 
adj. [con (= cum), in "inten- 
sive force ; c&vus, " hollow "] 
Completely hollow, hollowed out, 
worn hollow. 

con-cedo, cessi, cessura, 
ced6re, 3. v. a. [con (= cum), in 
" augmentative " force ; cedo, 
"to yield"] To grant, allow, 
yield, concede. — Pass. : COn- 
cedor, cessus sum, cedi. 

conceptuSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of conclplo. 

concessus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of concede. — As Subst. ; 
concessaf drum, n. plur. 
Things that are allowed; lawful, 
or allowable, things. 

eon-CldOf cidi, no sup., 
cldSre, 3. v. n. ^for con-c&do; 
fr. con (= cum), m " augmenta- 
tive" force; cAdo, "to fall"] 
(" To flail utterly "; hence) To 
fall, or tumble, down. 

con-cll-iuiiiv li, n. [for 
con-cil-Ium ; fr. con (= cum), 
"together"; c&l-o, "to call'M 
("A calling together"; hence) 
A. meeting, assembly of persons. 

con-clpio, cepi, ceptum, 
clp€re, 3. V. a. [for con-cipio ; 
fr. con (= cum), in "inten- 
sive" force; c&pio, "to ta)co"] 
(' • To take thoroughly "; hence) 



VOCABULAR Y. 



51 



Of a female ; To eoneeioe , — at 
V. 37 folld. by simple Abl. de- 
ne ting the father, instead of 
Abl. with ex.— Pass. : con- 
oIplOFf ceptus sum, cIpL 

con-olamOf ol&m&vi, cl&m- 
&tnm, cl&mare, 1. v. a. [con 
(= cum), in ** intensive " force ; 
clamo, ** to cry out "] To cry out 
aloud; to tkout outf etc. 

concur-suSf sQs, m. [for 
concnrr>8as ; fr. concorr-o, ^* to 
run together"] ("A running 
together"; hence) AMemblage, 
crowd, eoneourse. 

conoossl, perf. ind. of con- 
cfttlo. 

concassuSv a, um, P. 
X>erf. pass, of conc&tfo;— at 
V. a05 supply sunt with con- 

CUSS8B. 

oon-oiktlOff cussi, cussum, 
cfttdre, 3. y. a. [for con-qu&tio ; 
fr. con ( = cum), in "intensive" 
force; qn&tto, *'to shake"] 
1. To ihaie violently.— Z, Of 
persons, their feelings, etc. : To 
affU€Kte, alarm, trouble, etc. — 
Pass. : oon-otttlor* cussus 
sum, cftti. 

oondXdl, perf. ind. of con- 
do. 

oon-do, didi, ditum, d«re, 
8. V. a. [con (= cum), *' to- 
gether"; do, "to put"1 ("To 
pat together"; hence) To etore 
or lay up: — condere terra, to 
lay up im the earth ; 1. e. to bury^ 
inter; v. 48 : - oondldit se portu 
alto, laid iitelf uv in the deep 
(recess of the) harbour; i.e. 
came to anchor in the harbour's 
deep recess; v. 243. — Pass. : 
oon-dor, ditus sum, di. 

confeotus, a, lim, P. perf. 
pass, of conflcto ;— at v. 362 
supply sunt with confecti. 

Con-fldOf feci, fectum, 
flc^re, 3. v. a. [for con-f&clo; 
fr. con (=cum), in "augmenta- 
tive" force; fifAo, "to do or 

£ 



make"] ("To do, or make, 
thorougnly"; hence) ToHnish, 
compute, wring to an end. — -Pass.: 
con-f lelor, fectus sum, f loi. 

con-f Ido. fisus sum, fidSre, 
3. V. n. semi-dep. [con (=: cum), 
in " intensive " force ; fido, " to 
trust "] With Dat. [§ 1C6. 3] : To 
trust to, rely upon, put truet in, 
have confidence in. 

contisuSy a, um, P. perf. 
of conf ido. 

con-AindOv f&di, fiisum, 
ftmddre, 3. v. a. [con (« cum), 
" together "; ftmdo, " to pour *'] 
("To i)Our together"; hence, 
" to mingle, blend " ; hei cc) 
With aocessorv notion of dis- 
order, etc. : To eoi^uie, throw 
into eorrfutityn or disorder ;^-con- 
ftindere foedus, to throw a treaty 
into confusion, i. e. to violate, or 
break, it. 

con-iTi^dlory gressus sum, 
grfidi, 3. V. dep. [for con-grftd- 
lor ; tr. con (= cum), " to- 
gether " ; gridlor, " to step "] 
(" To step together,plant foot 
to foot"; hence) with Dat. 
[§ 106, a] : Tojight, engage, con- 
tend with. 

1. congrressus, a, um, P. 
perf. of congrftdlor. 

2. congrres-sus, s&s, m. 
[for congred-sus; tr. congrdd- 
lor, "to meet" one] A meeting, 
interview, etc. ; — v. 733 in plur. 

eon-JXclo, jeci, jectum, jlc- 
8re, 3. v. a. [for con-j&cio; fr. 
con (= cum), in "augmenta- 
tive" force; j&cfo, "to cast"] 
1. To oast, throw, hurl. — 2. 
With Personal pron. in reflexive 
force : To cast one's self, etc. ; 
i.e. to betake one's self, etc., in 
haste. 

conJungrOf sing. pres. im- 
perat. of coiyungo. 

coo-jungrov jnnxi, junc- 
tnm, jungfire, 3. v. a. [con 
(= cum), " together"; jungo, 

2 



52 



VOCABULARY. 



"to join"] To join iogeiher, 
uni£e, 

conjox (old form eon- 
Jlinx), flfps, comm. gen. [for 
conjng-8; fr. ooirjuo, true root 
of coivjungo, "tojoin together '•] 
(** One joined together " with 
another ; hence) ("A husband"; 
also) A w\fe. 

COn-nltorf nisns or nixns 
sum, niti, 3. v. dep. [con (= 
cum), in "intensive" force; 
nitor, " to exert one's self"] To 
exert orui'e eelf-with aU one*$ 
mightf to strive eagerly. 

connixus, a, um, P. perf. 
of connitor. 

1. con-sangraln-dus, 8a, 
Sum, adj. [con (= cum), denot- 
ing " correspondence "; sangu- 
is, sanguln-is, " blood"] (" Hav- 
ing the same blood "; hence) 
Related by blood, akin. — As 
Subst. : consangruInduSf 
i, m. A blood-relation, kinmnan. 

2. oonsangruindus, i; 
see 1. consangulndus. 

con-sd-us, a, um, adj. 
[con (= cum), **with"; scl-o, 
•* to know "] (•• Knowing " 
something "with" one's self; 
heuce) Self-conecicuB, eorueioun. 

consedl, perf. ind. of con- 
Bido. 

coii-sSqaor.8Squiitus sum, 
sdqui, 3. v. dep. [con (= cum), 
in ** augmentative " force ; 
Bfiquor, " to foUow"] 1. To fol- 
low ajfer, come next to. — 2* To 
come up with, overtake. 

con-sdro, sdrfli, sertum, 
sdrSre, 3. v. a. [con (= cum), 
"together"; s8ro, "to join"] 
To Join, or fiuten, together; to 
connect, — Pass. : OOn-Sdror, 
sertus sum, s^ri. 

consertus, a, um, P. perf. 
I)ass. of consdro. 

conses-sus, siis, m. [for 
consed-sus; fr. consido, ^'to 
s\t together," through a root 



cowsbd] (" A sitting together "; 
hence) A number of persons eittinff 
together ; an assembly. 

con-sldo, sedi, sessum, 81(1- 
8re, 3. v. n. [con (= cum), " to- 
gether "; sido, " to sit down *n 
la Of a number of persons : To 
sit down together with others ; to 
seat one's self, sit down. — 2. Of 
a single person: To sit down, 
take one's seat. 

COnsllluxn,!!, n. Delibera- 
tion, consultation, counsel. 

con-slsto, stTti, stitum, 
sistfire, 3. v. n. [con (= cum), 
in " augmentative " force ; sisto, 
"to stand"] To stand, take 
one's stand. 

con-sdnoy sdn&i, no sup., 
sSnare, 1. v. n. [con (= cum), 
" together, at the same time "; 
86no, "to sound"] To sound 
together or at the same time; to 
resound. 

con-splc¥o, spexi, 8x>ec- 
tum, spicdre, 3. v. a. [for con- 
Bp6(Ao; fr. con (= cum), in 

augmentative " force ; spficto, 
" to see "] To see, behold, espy, 
descry. 

const! tlf perf. ind. of con- 
sisto. 

constltfiam, flit. ind. of 
constlttio. 

con-stltiio, stitfii, stltu- 
turn, stltiiSre, 3. v. a. [for con- 
st&t&o; fr. con (= cum), in 
" augmentative " force ; st&tiio, 
" to place or set "] 1. To place, 
set. — 2* To erect, set up. 

COn-StOy stlti, statum, stare, 
1. V. n. [con (=s cum), in 
" strengthening " force ; sto, 
" to stand "] (" To stand firm "; 
hence) To 6e fixed, determined 
on, or sittled in the mind, 
etc. 

con-sumo, sumpsi. sump- 
tum, sumfi're, 3. -v. a. [con (= 
cum), in. "intensive" force; 
sumo, "to take"] ("To tt.ke 



VOCABULARY. 



53 



wholly "; hence, *' to consume ** 
food; hence) Of things ia gen. 
eral : To etmaume, dettro /, etc. — 
Pass. : oon-sAmory snmptus 
snm, s&mi. 

oonsmnptiis, a, um, P. 
X)erf . pass, of cons&mo. 

oon-surgrovsorrexi, soiree- 
turn. Borgdre, 3. v. n. [con (» 
cum), in " strengthening " 
force ; sorgo, " to rise "J 1. 
To Hm, arite.—^m Of the wind : 
To^^jring up. 

oon-tendOf tendi, tentom, 
tendSre, 3. v. a. and n. [con 
(s com), in ** aogmentativo " 
force ; tendo, ** to stretch "] 1. 
Act. : a* To §tretehf or iend, 
with all one'tf etc., might. — ^b. 
To draw tiffh^t ftrain.—^m With 
corsom : To bend, direct, or 
ekape^ one'e, etc., eouree. — &m Of 
an arrow: To launch, ehoot. — 
2. Nent. : (" To exert one's 
self **i hence) To gtrioe, contend. 

1. eontentns, a, om, P. 
perf. pass, of contendo. 

2. oonten^tus, ta, torn, 
a4j. [contlndo, in force of ** to 
corb or restrain," throogh root 
oovTBV fa con; TBV, root of 
tfinfio)] (" Gorbing, or restrain- 
ing," one*s self; hence) Con- 
tented, eati^^ed, content. 

oontlceranif ploperf. lad. 
ofcontingo. 

oon-tingrOy tXgi, tactom, 
tingSre, 3. v. a. [^for con-tango ; 
fir. con (ss com), m *' aogmenta- 
tive " force ; tango, " to touch "] 

i'* To touch on all sides "; hence) 
La To come to, arrive at^ reach a 
place. — 2. To reach with a 
weapon, to hit. 

oontlnli-o, adv. [contlnfl- 
us, ** holding together " in its 
parts ; hence, " oninterropt- 
ed"] ("After the manner of 
the continuue "; i. e. ** in on- 
interroptedsoccession"; hence) 
Itunediatetjf, forthwUh. 



con-torqudOv torsi, tor- 
torn, torqoere, 2. v. a. [con 
(= com), "in aogmei^tative '* 
force; torqodo, "to twist"] 
(" To twist round "; hence, ** to 
launch, hurl " a missile ; hence) 
Of an arrow : To ehoot. 

contorsi, perf. ind. of con- 
torqudo. 

contr&y adv. and prep. : !■ 
Adv. : SLm Ooer againit, on the 
oppoeite $ide, oppoeite. — !>■ In 
opposition. — 2. Prep. gov. Aco. : 
a* Against. — !>■ Ooer againet, 
oppoeite. 

cpntiiSv U m. A pole [6r. 

KOVTOi]. 

con-vello, velll or volsi, 
volsom, velidre, 3. v. a. fcon 
(= cum), in "augmentative" 
force ; vello, " to pluck "] (" To 
pluck violently**; hence, "to 
tear, or rend, into small 
pieces"; hence) Of the sea: To 
tear up, etc., with oars. — Past, t 
eon-vellor, vulsus som, 
velli. 

convSnlf perf. ind. of ooa- 
vfinlo. 

con-TdnXOf veni, ventam, 
vdnire, 4. v. n. [con (= cum), 
*• together"; vfinlo, " to come ''j 
To come tog^her, aeeemble. 

conversus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of converto. 

con-vertOf verti, versum, 
vertfire, 3. v. a. [con (s» cum), 
in " augmentative " force ; 
verto, "to turn"] 1. To turn, 
turn round. — 2* To change, alter, 
— 3a To change, or alter, in feel- 
ing, etc. ; to estrange. — Pass, t 
oon-TertOFf versus sum, 
verti. 

oonvnlsuSf a, om, P. perf. 
pass, of oonvello. 

co-p-lay l88, f. [contr. tr. 
co-dp-la; fir. CO (» com), in 
"intensive" force; ons, dp-is, 
" means " of any kind] Means, 
power, ability, etc. 



54 



VOCABULARY, 



cor* cordis, c. The heart 
[akin to Gr. ir^p ; Sans. hfid"]. 

com-duSf to, £um, adj. 
rcom-ns, ** a comel-taree '*] 
('* Of, or belonging to, eornue "; 
hence) Of, or made of, the wood 
of the eomel-tree ; cornel-. 

COr^nUf nus, n. : Xm J horn 
of animals. — 2. The extremitjft 
or end, of t e eail-parde of a 
ship [akhi to 6r. icep-a«j. 

C6r5nay se, f. A wreath^ gar- 
htndf erownt ehavlet [icoptAtmy, " a 
crow"; hence, * anything curv- 
ed or bent like a crow's bill "; 
hence, "a garland," ete.l. 

Corp-QS, dris, n. f'That 
which is made or formed " ; 
hence) 1. The holy ;— at v. 683 
applied to the hnll of a vessel. 
— 2a ^ pereon [akin to Sans, 
root KLIP, " to Boake"]. 

oor^rXpXOf riptli, reptnm, 
ripdre, 3. v. a. [for oon-r&pio ; 
ftr. con (= cum), "together*'; 
rftplo, " to drag or draw "1 (" To 
d! a», or di*aw, together"; hence) 
Xm To eeize, enaieh, ntateh up. — 
2. Of space traversed : To htufen 
through or aUn^ ; to pan, or doth, 
rapidly over , — at v. 145 the perf. 
corripnere is used in a force of 
the 6r. aorist ; viz. to denote a 
cnstomary action : are wmt to 
daeh rapidlvover. 

eorrXpulyperf. ind. <^oor- 
rYpto. 

ComSf i, m. Hke North-toeet 
wind ; — at v. 126 in plnr. 

Cdmsco, svi, stum, &re, 1. 
T. a. To move quickly hither and 
thither; to brandi»h, wave, etc. ; 
—at V. 612 supply earn ( = 
ignem) after cdmscat. 

crassas,a,mn, adj. Thick: 
^^nrassos cruor, thieh bloody i. e. 
clotted gore, v. 469. 

crater^ eris, m. A bowl for 
mixing wine; a goblet [^Kpar^fii^. 

cr&iber, bra, bmm, adj. 
fcreeoo, "to increase"; through 



root cbb] (" Made to increase "; 
hence, " numerous "; hence) 1. 
Frequentf repeated .— crebra mi- 
nus, the frequent — i. e. rapidig 
plied^hand, v. 436.-2. With 
Abl. [§ 119, b] : Abounding in : 
— creber ictibus, aboundit^ in 
blowe, i. e. plying blows rapidly 
or in G[uick succession. 

cre-do, dldi, ditum, dSre, 3. 
Y. a. (" To put faith, or trust," 
in some person or thing ; hence) 
To truet, entrust, commit fakin to 
Sans, prefix ^rat, "&ith"; do, 
"to put"! 

crepitans, ntis, P. pres. of 
crSplto. 

cr6p-Yto, no perf. nor sup., 
Itare, 1. v. n. freq. [crfip-o, **to 
rattle "3 To rattle loudlg or fad ; 
to keep rattling, 

erepoy fii, Itnm, are, 1. v. n. 
(•'To rattle, clatter"; hence) 
To breaht or be broken, with a 
crash. 

crdplilv perf. ind. of crSpo. 

Cressa. », f. A woman of 
Crete, « Cretan woman [Gr. 
Kp^vaay. 

Crete. 8B, f. Crete (now Cand' 
ia) ; an island in the S.E. of the 
Mediterranean [Gr. Kpifni]. 

CrlmiSUSv i, m. Crimisus; 
a river on the S.W. coast of 
Sicily. 

cri-nlSf nis, m. [for ore-nis ; 
fr. CBB, root of cre-sco, "to 
grow "] (" The growing thing ' ' ; 
henoe)'X. The hair of the head. 
—2. The tail of a comet [cf. Gr. ' 
Bpii^, rptX'O^t akin to Sans, root 
D»iH, " to grow "]. 

erud-uSf a, mn. a^f. 
("Wrathful"; hence, ''cruel, 
merciless "; hence) Unprepared, 
raw: — crudus caestus, a raw 
etestus, i.e. a caetus cf raw hide 
[akin to Sans, root kbitde, " to 
be wrathful"]. . 

crftor, ons, m. Blood. 

cticurrlyperf. ind. of curro. 



VOCABULARY. 



55 



OUlqaef dat. sing, of quiB- 
qne. 

oul-meilf minis, n. (" The 
highest part " of a thing : hence) 
Of a building : The roof. 

eul-tuSy tas, m. [for coi- 
tus ; ft. c61-o, ** to work or cul- 
tivate" the ground, etc.'] (" A 
working, cultivation"; hence) 
Mode, or manner , of living; 
kabite, 

ewMUf prep. gov. abl. With ; 
— ^written after personal pro- 
nouns, e.a. mecum for cum me 
fakin to 6r. ^vi^ (for ncvy), aw ; 
Bans. $ani\ 

C^mlil-Oy &vi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [ciimW-us, " a heap "] 
("To heap up*"^; hence, "to 
mi"; hence) With Abl. : To 
load with giR», etc, 

cnnctanSf ntis, P. pros, of 
cunctor. 

cnno-tora tatns sum, tari, 
1. V. dep. ("To fluctuate"; 
hence) To linger, delay [akin to 
Sans, root ^akk, ^' to fluc- 
tuate **]. 

eumctuSf a, um (most fre- 
quently plur.), adj. [contr. from 
conjunctus, P. perf. pass, of 
conjungo, "to join or unite 
together*^] ("United toge- 
ther"; hence) AU.—Ab Subst.: 
cmictif drum, m. plur. All 
pereone, all. 

otk-nduSf nSi, m. (" The 
sharpened tbing"; hence, "a 
wedge"; hence) The wedge- 
form division of a row ofeecUe in 
a theatre. 

otkpdreniy imperf. subj. of 
cfiplo. 

C&p-IdOj idlDis, m. [c&p-Io, 
** to desire "J Deeire. 

Ctip-lOf ivi or li, itum, dre, 
8. y. a. : With Inf. : To denre to 
do, ete. ; to he desiroue q^ doing, 
ete. [akin to Sans, root kup, " to 
desire"]. 

our-a, », f. [for coer-a; fr. 



coer-o. old foiin of qu«er-o, "to 
seek"] (" The seeking thin^"; 
hence, witih accessory notion 
of trouble) Care, eolicitude. 

CurrOf c&curri, cursum, 
currdrOf 3. v. n. : 1. To run. — 2« 
With Aco. of cognate Object: 
To run over, to traveree rapidly, 
— 3 a To move quickly onwarae, 
to make way, eto., ?rith oars; 
V. 222 [prob. aldn to Bans, 
root 9BI, ^ to go "]. 

euxT^us, lis, m. [curr-o, " to 
run "] (" A running ; that which 
runs "; hence) A chariot, car. 

cursus, s&s, m. [for curr- 
8U8 ; fr. cur-ro, " to run "] (" A 
running"; hence, "quick mo- 
tion " on foot# horseback, ship- 
board, etc. ; hence) !■ A run- 
nii^. — 2. a. A riding, eto.— b* 
An evolution on horseback. — 3« 
A eouree at eea. — 4* The eour»e 
of the heavenly bodies, ete.—Sm 
Of troops : An advance, charge, 
etc. 

cur^vnSy va, vum, adj. 
Bent, curved, winding [ludn to 
Gr. Kvp-TOf, •• curved"]. 

OUSpiS, Idis, f. A point; — at 
v. 208 aciita cusplde is Abl. of 
quality [§ 116] [akin to Sans, 
root 90, *' to sharpen "]. 

cust-os, odis, comm. gen. 
(♦• One who covers "; hence) A 
guardian, governor, to whose 
keeping youths were com- 
mitted; see m&gister [akin to 
Gr. Ktv9-ut, " to cover "J. 

CrcldpeSf um; seeCydops. 

Cyclops, dpis (Plur. : Cy- 
ddpes, um), m. A Cy elope ; 
one of a savage race of peof<le 
on the coast of Sicily, who were 
fabled to have had but one eye, 
which was placed in the middle 
of the forenead, and to have 
been Vulcan's workmen [Gr. 
KvjcActf^, **One with a round 
eye "]. 

oymbXnm, li, n. A email 



50 



VOCABULARY. 



drinkinff-oessel ; a cup or tankard 
[Gr. Kv/jifiiov]. 

Cjhil6dOce,Ss,f. CymodocS; 
a sea-njznph, one of Neptune's 
attendants [Gr. Kvjmofioici], 
*• Wave -receiver *']. 

Cj^tbdrea, ss; see G^thSr- 
eus. ^ 

(Cytli6r»eaSf ea, earn, adj. 
[Cjrt&er-a, "Cythera" (now 

Cerigfo '*) ; an island in the 
^goan Sea, celebrated for the 
worship of Venus] Of Oyther- 
a ; Cytherean. — As Subst. :) 
C^^tll4§reaf sb, f. Cytherea^ a 
name of Venus, who, according 
to some accounts, was spruilg 
from the foam of the sea. — To 
this Virgil makes. Neptune to 
allude at v. 803. 

d&^ pres. imperat. of do. 

]>ail&"l* orum, m. plur. 
[D&n&-us, ^' of, or belonging 
to, Danaus'* (the brother of 
-^gyptus), who settled in 
Greece; hence, "Greek, Grec- 
ian 'H The Qreeks. 

ddipes, plur. of daps. 

dap-s, IS {Qen. Plur. seems 
not to occur), f. ("A sacrificial 
feast"; hence) A rich feast^ a 
banquet [akin to fiair, root of Qr. 
fiaTT-Tft), "to devour," and 3a»r- 
aini, "expense"]. 

Sardanldae, arum, plur. 
of Dard&nldes ; see Dardanus, 
no. c. 

Bard&nl dtun for Dard&n- 
Idarum ; Dard&nluSf la, 
lam ; see Dard&nus. 

I>ard&nas,i, m. Dardanus; 
a son of Jupiter and Electra, 
and an ancestor of the royal 
house of Troy. — Hence, a. 
Bard&n-uSf a, um, adj. 
(•* Of, or belonging to, Dardan- 
na *'; hence) Trojan. — b. 
Sard&n-lus, la, lum, adj. 
= Dard&nus, no. a, above ; — at 
r. SOAceatea is called Dardan- 



ius, as his mother was a Tro- 
jan woman; see Acestes — c« 
j>. ird&n-i des, se (Gen. Plur. 
Dard&nld&m for Dard&nldamm, 
V. 622), m. "A descendant of 
Dardanua "; hence) Plur. : The 
Trojan*. 

B&res, is and §tis (Ace. 
D&ren, v. 456 ; D&r3ta, vv. 460, 
463, 476), m. Dares; a Trojan, 
who prior to the destruction of 
Troy was accustomed to engage 
Pans with the csestus. He was 
sig^nally defeated in a pugilistic 
encounter with Entellus at the 
funeral games held in honour 
of Anchises [Gr. ^dpifi, ** Flay- 
er '*2. 

dOf prep. gov. abl. : 1. Loc- 
ally: a« From, down from. — ^t>« 
Out of from.—^m To denote 
descent: From,qf. — 3* Accord* 
ing io^in accordance foith^ after : 
—-de mdre, according to custom, 
V. 96. 

dday se, f. [akin to dSus; 
see ddus] A goddess , — at v. 657 
d6a = Iris J at vv. 333, 474, 709 
= Venus. 

deb^llandQS, a, nm, Grer- 
undive of debello ; — at v. 731 
folld. by Dat. [§ 107, i]. 

de-bello, bellavi,bellatum, 
bellare, 1. v. a. [de, denoting 
"completeness"; bello, "to 
war "J (" To war completely "; 
hence) To vanquish^ utterly «»6- 
due. 

de-bllls» bile, adj. [contr. 
fr. de-h&bJlis; fr. de, in '^nega- 
tive " force ; habllis, " handy '»] 
("Unhandy"; henoo) Feeble, 
weak, weakened, disabled. 

de-cedOf cessi, cessum, 
cedSre, 3. v. n. [de, "away"; 
cedo, "to go"] To go away, 
depart. 

d6c-et,iiit, no sup., Sre, 2. 
V. n. (only in third x)erson and 
Inf. : never with personal sub- 
ject) Is, etc., becoming or proper. 



VOCABULARY. 



57 



dSoeptaSf a, nm, P. i>crr. 
pass, of declpfo. 

de-cldo. cidi, no sup., ti(d- 
*re, 3. V. n. [lor de-c&do ; ft*, de, 
"down"; cMo, "to fall"] To 
fall down. 

de-oipXOf cepi, ceptum, 
dpdre, 8. V. a. [tor de-c&pio; 
fr, «le, in "intensive" force; 
c&pio, "to take"] ("To take 
thoroughly "; hence} To beguile, 
deceive. — l^ass. : de*€ipIorp 
ceutus sum, dpi. 
• ae-C-aro,cl&ravi,claratam, 
clarare, 1. v. a. [de, denoting 
"completeness"; claro, "to 
moke clear "] (" To make a 
thing quite cle»ar ; hence) With 
second Acc.t To proclaim, an- 
nounce, declare an object as be- 
ing that which is denoted hy 
the second Ace. 

ddc-or,dnH.m. [rl^-et," (it) 
is becoming"] ("ITiat which 
is becoming"; hence) Comeli- 
neeif, qracefulnemt, beauty. 

d^coivuSf a, urn, ad.i. [dSc- 
or, ddc6r-is. " gracefulness, 
lieauty," rfc] (" Having t/««>r"; 
henco) !■ Becoming, suitable, 
proper, etc. — 2* Chuceful. — 3* 
JDecorated, adttrned, etc. 

dS-eurro, ctlcurri or curri, 
currtum, currfire, 3. v. n. [de, 
"down"; curro, " to run "] 1. 
To run down. — 2« To eail down. 

ddC-USy dris, n. [ddc-et, 
"(it) is becoming"] ("That 
which is becoming," etc. ; 
hence) !• Ornament, decoration, 
— 2a Dignity, honour. 

ddd^raiiip plnperf. ind. of 
do. 

dddl, perf. ind. of do. 

defeff pros, imperat. of de> 
18ro. 

de-fSro, tfili, latum, ferre, 
V. a. irreg. fde, " down "; fSro, 
•* to bring"] To bring down to a 
place. 

dd^ino (in poets mostlj 



as monosyll., but at v. 722 
dissylU, adv. [dfi, "from"; 
l.inc, "hence"] C^^Promhexue"; 
hence) Of time : After thi$, after- 
wards, next, then. 

d6-lllsoo, hivi, no sup., 
hisc^re, 3. v. n. [d«, " asunder"; 
hisco, " to yawn"] To yawn, or 
gape, asunder. 

dd-inde (in poets mostly 
dissylL), adv. [d6, "IVom''; 
inde, " thence^*] (" From 
thence "; hence) j^erwards, 
thenj^in the next place. 

dejeciy perC. ind. of d^'Iclo. 

dejeotus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of dejiclo. 

de-JIclo, jeci, jectum, jlc- 
Sre, 3. V. a. [for de-j&cio ; fr. do, 
"down"; jftcio, "to cast"] 1. 
To cast, or throw, down. — 2. 7'o 
bring down dead bv an airow, 
etc. — Pass. : de-Jloiori jcc- 
tus sum, jlci. 

de-labor* lapsus sum. lul >i, 
3. V. rtep. [<le, " down "; labor, 
"tojrlide'^l To glide down. 

delapsus, u, um, P. perf. 
of delabor. 

delatus, a, um, P. perf. 
pns.A ofdeli&ro. 

delectus, a, am, P. perf. 
pass, of' dellgo. 

delegrlf perf. ind. of dellgo. 

de-ligro, leeri, lectum, Ug- 
gre, 3. V. a. [for de-ldgo ; £r. de, 
" out or out from "; If go, " to 
choose "] To choose, or pick, out 
fW)m a number; fo select. — 
Pass. : de-llgror, lectns sum, 
Ugi. 

delphln, Inis (Gen. Plur. 
delphinum. v. £91), m. A dolphin 
[Gr. B«\4,Cv]. 

dement-Iay Y8B, f. [demens, 
d§ment-is, "out of one's mind, 
mad"] ("The state, or con- 
dition, of the demens**; hence) 
Madness, folly. 

demltte, sing. pres. im- 
perat. of demitto^ 



S8 



VOCABULARY. 



de-mlttOf xnisi, misetim, 
MiittSre, 8. v. a. ("dfi, *' down "; 
mitto, "to Bend**] To tend 
down. 

]>eindIdllS,M, m. "DemolSm; 
a Greek slain by JSnias during 
the Trojan war [Aij/moAeof, 
" Destroyer of the people "]. 

denSf dentis, m. A tooth 

iakin to Sans, dant-^u; Gr. h- 
0V9, &-5ovt-(k3. 

densuSy a. nm, a^j. : 1. 
Thiekf denae. — 2. Clot^ compact. 
— 3. Frequent ^ oft-repeated. 

de-'pascOy pavi, pastum, 
pascSre, 3. v. a. TdS, "down"; 
pasco, "to feed**] ("To feed 
down, feed off"; hence) Of 
animals : To feed upon, eai up, 
eonaume. 

dSpastus, a, run, P. perf. 
pass, of ddpasco. 

d5-pellOf p&li, pnlsnm, 
pelldre, 3. v. a. [de, " away "; 
pello, "to drive"] To drive 
awa^. 

de-pSnOy x)dsiii, pdsltnm, 
pdn^re, 3. v. a. [de, *^down "; 
p6no, "to put "1 ("To put 
down**; hence) To place, or 
deporit, for safe keeping. 

de-prendOf prendi, pren- 
Bum, prenddre, 3. v. a. [de, 
"away ftom"; prendo, in 
force of "to snatch*'] ("To 
snatch away from. *'; hence, " to 
seize **; hence) To overtake, 
eatoh.—PasB. : dS-prendor, 
prensus sum, prendi. 

ddprensus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of deprendo. 

d5 - promOy prompsi, 

tromptum, promdre, 3. t. a. 
dS, ** out of "; promo, " to 
(ring forth**] ("To bring forth 
out of* something; hence) 
With Abl. dependent on prep. 
in verb [§ 122, a] : To draw out 
from. 

depflillf perf. ind. of de- 
peJJo, 



1 



de-soendOy scendi, seen- 
sum, scendSre, 3. v. n. [for de- 
scando; fr. d5, "down"; 
scando, "to climb**! ("To 
climb down *'; hence) 1 . To f;o 
down or downwards; to descend. — 
2. With in c. Ace. : To lower 
one* s self or descend to; to kaoe 
recourse f-o. 

de-s6ro, sgrGi, sertum, sgr- 
8re, 3. v. a. [de, in " negative " 
force; b&to, "to join**] ("To 
disjoin; to undo or sever" 
one's connexion with some 
object ; hence) To forsake, 

de- 



perf. 




abandon, desert. — Pass. 
Sdror, sertus sum, sdri. 

desertas, a, um, P. 
pass, of dgsSro. 

de-siguoy signavi, 
stum, signare, 1. v. a. 
" out •*; signo, " to mark **" 
mark, or trace, out, 

de-torqa60( torsi, tortum, 
torquere, 2. v. a. [dS, "away"; 
torqufio, "to twist"] ("To 
twist away"; hence) To turn 
forcibly aside or away. 

de-tr&bOy traxi, tractum, 
tr&hdre, 3. v. a. [de, "away 
from **; tr&ho, " to draw or 
drag *'1 (" To draw or drag 
away from "; hence) With Ace. 
of thing and Dat. of person : To 
strip something qf from one; 
to despoil one of something. 

detraxdram, pluperf. ind. 
ofdetr&ho. 

de-tarbo« turb&vi, turb- 
&tnm, turbare, 1. v. a. [de, 
" down *'; turbo, " to move 
violently**] (" To move violent- 
ly down **; hence) To throw, 
east, or hurl down. 

ddus, i (Nom. Plur., di, v. 
60; Gren. Plur., deAm, v. 707;, 
m. A god; — at v. 391 the teri.i 
is applied to Eryx as an ap- 

Sellation of honour [akin to 
ans. deva ; Gr. 9e6c]. 
dex-ter« tSra or tra, tSrum 



VOCABULARY. 



59 



artnm,^. nt, or o*, »• HfU 
haiki or lidg; rigU u opp. (0 
"left."— AaSnbU.: dexara 
(aeZtrB),a. r. Tht rigU hand 
irhetlier of tba bodj or lo denote 

a«zUra, m; tteztr*, n; 

dl, dlf, for del, dels; Baa 



1. dlQO, dli 

*I«, 3. T. ».("T 

one," bj ipsikliiS! 



—2. Wi .. 



hereolflhroanh (rrief [Or.^ ii!" j 

dT-daco.dnii. dncEum.ddi' - 
*ra, 3. V. a. [dill' dif),"Bpan"i 
ilico, "Uiaraw"! i. rodr„. 
<i,>«.v, npsri'f'.-l. 7-s iiin.li 

Dldjrm&on, fiois.m. i>%- 

dles, ^ m. (in fing. aome- 

iJio,"lie»veqrada,T"]. 
dlf-riellia. riQlle. adj. [ror 

ft-lllB, '"iMj "]"('■ Kot 



,f^ I 



Arab, (A« had tpoten ^ 
emtid ta rpni or hid Jini- 
•ptaiitig.^3. Toilati, mi ' 
rtfiort. — ft. PsBB, ; To U 

PawM. ; dfoor.dictoaiam.dicl 
CaUn lo Gt. ttin-nin; Saiu. 
(ootBio, "loehoir"]. 

1 Aic~0, iTi, itam, in. 1. 
T. &. ("To proclsim or make 
known "; hance) To dtdieatr, or 
ooTunrat*, Ui a daitT. — Faaa- : 
dlo-or, itua amn, iri [akin to 
l.dJco]. 

diatom, (i, n . [dJa-D, " ta 
apeak "] ("That nbiob Is spok' 

metan, a, am, F. perf. paB&- 



.2i Vaiietfoui, 

Mt-tatia, raid, n 



Dido, a« and 5iub, f OiliD 

(also cnHeU JfluH, T. s), dau^b- 

if Belna, king oTTiTe, and 

^ ai.i. Whan bar 



ft 

wlb or BlihBiDi. 

haaband waa mnrdered _, _._ 

brothar ^oniallon, aba fled 



tor to AIHokand than fbnnded 
Oartbaee. miing bOBpJIsbl; 



dl^-Un>, Itl, m. ("Tlio 
BbowiniF, or poinun^, tblnu"; 
bencej 1. A fi«stT.—2. Of tl a 

dlB-nna, no. nnm, arlj. 
(" Bhono.pi.iiiced ant": bence, 
"nortby''; heuc«)1.0riluD)cxi 

•c^lhs; dmrv/d, nrriM [Id'.']. 

di-Krfidlor, irreaeni euui. 
Biedl, 3. v.dep.[fordi-Br4.1(uri 
ft.di (= disj.'^sparfi BrtdJor, 
" lo Blep"J ("To Btep epurt 

diKreaaua, a, um, P, perf. 
of fligrSdior. 

iHSB. ordlllgo ;-al T.'»9 tbild. 
Cjllat. [5 107, d}. 



6o 



VOCABULARY, 



da-l¥ffOylexi,lectum, Hg^re, 
8. Y. a. [for dl-ldgo; fr. di 
(=di8), •*'apart"; ISgo, "tx) 
choose "] (" To choose, or select, 
apart ** from others ; hence) To 
value t or etteem, highljf ; to love. 
—Pass.: dl-ll K^OFf lectus sum, 

llgi. 

dl-mlttOf misi. missnm, 
xnitt^re, 3. v. a. [di (=di8), 
••^mart"; mitto, "to send"] 
("To send japart" from one; 
hence) Milit. t. t. : Of troops : 
To dUhand^ release from eervice, 
etc.— It is probably in the fore- 
going meaning that dimittere is 
figuratively applied to naves at 
y. 29, and hence implies to 
rest, etc. The word is com- 
monly said to be equivalent in 
this passage to apjiellere, " to 
bring to " a place. This view, 
however, is untenable, inas- 
much as the place of arrival 
would have to be described; 
while, further, there is nothing 
in the word itself to countenance 
such an interpretation. 

di-mdvdOf movi, mdtum, 
m5vere, 2. v. a. [di (= dis), 
"ax)art'*; m6v«o, "to move"] 
To move apart or asunder; to 
divide. 

]>lores« is, m. Dioresj a 
prince of the royal fomily of 
Troy ; v. 297. 

dlremif perf. ind. of dirlmo. 

dirlgrOf sing, pres.imperat. 
of dirlgo. 

di-rlgrOf rexi, rectum, rlg- 
«re, 3. V. a. [for di-r6go ; fr. di 
(s dis), in "strengthening" 
force ; r6go, " to keep, or lead, 
straight"] (" To keep, or lead, 
straight, or in a straight line "; 
hence) To guide, direct. 

dXr^lmOf emi, emptum, 
Imdre, 3. v. a. [for dls-gmo ; fr. 
dte, " apart "; 6mo, "to take "] 
("To take apart"; hence, "to 
£ej>ar&te"} hence) Of a fight, 



etc. : To break '^ to put an end 
to, stop. 

]>ls, Difcis, m. [akin to ddus; 
see dSus] Dis, the Greek Pluto; 
the god of the lower world. 

dlsoenSy nUs, P. pres. of 
disco. 

dlscOf dldlci, no sup., disc- 
fire, 3. V. a. (" To be shown *' 
how to do, etc., something; 
hence) 1. To learn.— Z, With 
Inf. : To learn how to do, ete.— 
3* To ascertain, find out, diS' 
cover, etc. [akin to 5«uc-n}/uii, 
Sans, root D19, " to show "; c£ 
1. dico. 

dlscrl-men, minis, n. [for 
discre-men; fr. discemo, 'to 
separate," through rootniscRB] 
(" That which separates" things 
from each other; hence) An 
intervening space^ intervalf du 
stance. 

dlsourreref 3. pers. plur. 
perf. ind. of discurro. 

dls-ourroy c&curri and . 
curri, cursum, currfire, 3. v. n. 
[dis, "apart"; curro, "to 
run"] Of several persons as 
Subject: To run apart or in 
different directions; to separate 
themselves, etc. ; to break away. 

dls-pello, ptili, pulsum, 
pellfire. 3. v. a. [dis, "in differ- 
ent directions"; pello, "to 
drive"] To drive in different 
directions ; to disperse, scatter. 

dlspliliv perf. ind. of dis- 
pello. 

di-Terb6ro, verbfiravi, 
verbdratum, verbfirare, 1. v. a. 
[di (= dis), "asunder"; verbfir- 
o, **to strike"] ("To strike 
asunder "; hence) Of the air as 
Object: To cleave^ divide, cut 
through. 

diver-susv sa, sum, adj. 
[for divert-sus ; fr. divert-o, " to 
turn in a different direction "] 
!• Turned in a different direction 
or away ; away : — quo diversu^ 



VOCABULARY. 



6i 



abis, fDhUher art thou going 
away cut ofthp course? v. 166. — 
2« OppotUCy tn a contrary direc- 
tion. — 3« Bemofe, distant. 

diT-InuSf ina, iDum, adj. 
[div-iw, "a deity"] ("Of, or 
beloBging to, a deity "; hence) 
DivinCt heavenly ; — at v. 47 div- 
inns parens =■ Anchlses. 

dlvtuiiy for <Uvdmm ; see 
divTxs. 

div-USf i (Gen. Plur. div4m, 
V. 45, etc.), m. [div-us, "div- 
ine "J ("A divine being *'; 
hence) A deify, god. 

dlx6raxn, dlzl* pluperf. 
and perf. ind. of 1. dico. 

dOy dddi, d&tnin, d&re, 1. v. a. : 
A. To give in the oddest sense 
ofthe word.— a. Ofwords: To 
give forth, utter, speak; v. 862. — 
3 a With Inf. : To grant, concede, 
etc., to do, etc. — 4« Of sound 
as , Object: To give forth.— 
Pass. : dor* d&tus snm, d&ri 
[akin to Gr. 8(-&o-m(; Sans, 
root da]. 

ddc-'dOy Hi, turn, §re, 2. 
▼. ft. To teach, instruct [ft*, same 
Bonrce as 1. dico ; see 1. dico. 

ddoikl, i>erf. ind. of d5cdo. 

d61-or,dris, m. [d61-«o,"to 
grieve "] €hnef, sorrow. 

ddl-USf i, m. Craft, fraud, 
guile, deceit [Gr. 56A<kJ. 

dom-Itory Itdris, m. [ddm- 
o, ** to snbdne "] A suhduer. 

ddmus, i and us, f . : 1. ^ 
house, dvelling, home.— ^m A 
house, family, etc, [Gr. 56/ii<K]. 

ddnatus, a, am, P. perf. 
pass, of ddno. 

donaCf conj. : XuAs long as, 
vhiU.—^n Until. 

ddn-o, &vi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[don-um, "a gift"] 1. To pre- 
sent with a gijx. — 2. With Ace. 
of thing and Dat. of person : To 
give, or present, something to 
one. — 3a To reward. — ^Pass. : 
don-QPf atus sam, ari. 



dd-nain,ni,n. [ford&-nnm; 
ft". DA, root of do, "to give"] 
1. A gift, present.— ^m A votive 
gift, or qfferinq, to a deity. 

Bdryelus, i (y, v. 620; ^, 
V. 64/ ), m. Doryclus, a Thracian ; 
the husband of BdrdS [Gr. 
AopvxAof]. 

duco, dnxi, ductnm, dacSre, 
3, V. a. : !■ To lead, conduct. — 
2a To draw after, or behind, a 
person or thing.— 3a Of troops, 
etp. : To lead, command, — 4ka To 
lead, manage, conduct, direct, etc. 
— 5a To lead off or away, to 
carr^ off, a prize, etc.Sm Of 
origin, descent, etc. : To derive, 
draw [akin to Sans, root duh, 
"to draw out"]. 

dUC-tOFf toris, m. [dQc-o, 
"to lead "J la A leader.-^. A 
commander, military leader.-~3m 
A commander of a vessel. 

dudum, adv. A little while 
ago, not long since, lately, jumtnow. 

dulc-i's, e, adj. ('* Sweet" 
in taste; hence) Sweet, or de- 
lightful, to the feelings, etc. ; 
beloved [usually referred to Gr. 
yAvic-vv]. 

diunf adv. j]prob. akin to 
obsol. dins = dies, " a day "] 
While, whilst. 
dlio»8e,o, num. adj. plur. Two. 
— As Subst. m.: Two persons, 
two; the two [Gr. fiuo], 

du-plex, pllcis, adj. [for 
du-plic-s ; ft", dtl-o, "two"; plic- 
o, " to fold "] r Twice-folded "j 
hence) Two-fold, double. 

dur^us, a, um, adj. : 1. 
Hard. — 2. Of persons : Hardy. 
— 3a Of grief, etc.: Severe, pain- 
ful, etc. [akin to Sans, druva, 
"firm"]. 

e; see ex. 

6a, nom. and ace. neat. plur. 
oris. 

d^dem, fern. nom. sing, of 
idem; v. 812. 



62 



VOCABULARY. 



ee"0€« demonBtr. particle 
[for en-oe; fr. en, "lo!"; ce, 
demonstrative suffix] Xo/ bt- 
hold! »e«l 

ddlddraniv plaperf. ind. of 
1. ddo. 

edidlf perf. ind. of 1. ddo. 

1. S-do. didi, dltam, ddre, 
3. V. a. [§ (= ex), " forth"; do, 
•'to trat"] C'To put forth"; 
hence) To utter^ declare, etc. 

2. edOy Mi, §sum or essum, 
dddre or esse, 3. v. a. (" To eat^** 
hence) Of things as Sabject : To 
eat up, devour, connume, deetrojf; 
v. 633 [akin to Sans, root jlo ; 
Gr. e5», "toeat"]. 

d-d6odOy ddc&i. doctam, 
ddcere, 2. v. a. [e (=s ex), 
** thoroughly " ; d6c«o, " to 
teach"] To teach, or ehow, 
thoroughly ; to inform, apprise. 

eff&tus, P. perf. of efibr ;— 
at V. 653 supply est with effata; 
and as the Subject ilia =s BSrde. 

ef-f&rOy ex*ttlli, e-latum, ef- 
ferre, v. a. [for ex, " out"; fSro, 
•'to bear"] 1. To bear, bring, 
carry out or forth. — 2* To raise, 
uplift, elevate. — Pass. : €f-f3r» 
or, e-Iatus sum, ef-ferri. 

ef-fist-us, a, urn, adj. [for 
ex-fet-us ; fr. ex, " forth"; fet-o, 
«'to lay eggs"] ("That has 
laid eggs; that has produced 
young"; hence, "exhausted by 
bearing"; hence) Exhausted, 
worn out, enfeebled. 

e^fOFf fatus sum, fari, 1. v. 
dep. [for ex-for; fr. ex, "out"; 
for, '^to speak"] ("To speak 
out": hence) To utter, speak, etc. 

effraotus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of eSHngo. 

ef-ftingro, fregi, fractum, 
fringfgre, 3. v. a. [for ex-frango ; 
fr. ex, "out"; frango, '^to 
break "] (" To break out. or 
open"; hence) To dash out by 
a blow.— Pass. : ef*f^ingror, 
fractus sttm^ fringi. 



effudif perf. ind. of ef- 
fundo. 

ef-fbgrlOy ftigi, f&gltum, 
fbg6re, 8. v. n. [for ex-f&glo ; fi*. 
ex, "away"; fttgio, "to flee"] 
("To flee away^'; hence) Of a 
person in a foot-race : To Jlee 
awajf from his competitors, to 
dart forwards. 

ei-ttilg^Of fulsi, no sup., 
fulgere, 2. v. n. [for ex-flilgSo ; 
fr. ex. *• forth '^ ftilgSo, "to 
shine ] To shine, or glitter, 
forth. 

eflftindenSf ntis, P. pres. 
of efiVindo. 

€f-ftindOy fadi, fusum, 
funddre, 3. y. a. [for ex-fundo ; 
fr. ex, "forth"; fundo, •'to 
pour "] 1. To pour forth.— X^ 
Of words, complaints, eta To 
pour forth, give vent to, utter. — 
3 a O:' reins : To let loose, slacken, 
etc.— 4« Pass, in reflexive force : 
To pour forth as a stream would ; 
to rush forth, dart forward, etc. ; 
V. 146.— Pass. : ef-Aindor, 
fosus sum, fundi. 

effusus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of eflfiindo. 

dgr^nSy ntis, P. pres. of 
Wo ;— at V. 761 folld. by Gen. 
[§119, b]. 

6gr~60f iii, no sup., ere, 
2. V. n. ("To be needy"; 
hence) With Abl. or Gen. 
[§ 119. b] : To be destitute or de- 
void of; to be without. 

6grOy pers. pron. : 1« J.— 2. 
Strengthened by suffix met: I 
myself [Gt. fycli; Sans, ahani], 

dg'dmet; seedgo. 

e-grrdgr-iuSf la, Inm, adj. 
[e {— ex), *'out of"; grex, 
grgg-is, '^a flock "] (" That is 
out of the flock"; hence) Noble, 
illustrious, distinguished, etc. 

e-labor, lapsus sum, labi, 
3 V. dep. [e (=ex), "forth"; 
labor, '^to glide"] To glide 
forth ; to glide, or slip, away. 



l^OCABULAR Y. 



63 



MapflnSf a, nm, P. i>erf. of 
il&bor. 

SlisSAf », f. Sliftai a 
poetical name of Dido ; see 
iHdo [prob. Hebrew Slitkdh, 
the name of a Western race of 
men on the coast of the Medi- 
terranean (and of their conn- 
try also), who Beem to have 
been the descendants of E iishah, 
the son of Javan, mentioned at 
Gren. X. 4. If so, the name 
appears equivalent to "West- 
em Maiden or Woman "1. 

Bl^Slum, 1i, n. mynium; 
in mythology, the abode ot the 
blessed in the lower world 
[*HAv<rioi' {vtbiov)"]. 

emensuSp a, am, P. perf. 
of dmeUor. 

e-metior, mensos sum, 
metjri, 4. v. dep. [S (= ex), 
" out"; mettor, ''to measure'^] 
("To measure out"; hence) In 
space : To traoerse, pan over or 
through. 

e-mlcOy mic&i, no sup., 
micare, 1. v. n. [fi (= ex, 
** forth " ; mtco, *^ to move 
quickly "j (" To move quicklv 
forth"; hence) To tpring forth, 
da$hjbr»ard$, etc. 

Slif interj. Lot behold! tee! 
[Gr. \v-]. 

dnlnif ooi\j. : 1. Truly, cer- 
tainly, indeed. — 2 a For. 

enslSf iSf m. A $word [akin 
to Sans. an]. 

Bntellas, i, m. EnteUue; 
a Sicilian pugilist, who signal- 
ly defeated the Trojan Dares at 
the funeral games of Anchises. 

60, ivi or li, !tum, ire, v. n. 
To -70,— -at V. 451 folld. by Dat. 
of place " whither " [Notes to 
Syntax, p. 136, IT] [root i, akin 
to Sans, root i, Gr. t-ei^oi], 

dodem, masc. and neut. 
abl. sing, of idem. 

dpttlse, arum, f. plur. A 
feast, banquet. 



dpftlfttnSf a, tun, P. perf. 
of 8p&lor. 

6ptil-or, attia sum, ftri, 1. 
V. dep. ppttl-um, " a feast "] 
To feast, banquet, etc. ;— at v, 7 J 
folld. by Aco. of •* Duration of 
time " [§ 102, (1)J. 

i:p>tldes,se (Aco. Epj^tld- 
en, V. 647), m. The son ofEpyi^ 
US, i. e. Periphantes, whose 
father Epytus was the herald 
of Ancblses. Periphantes was 
entrusted by ^neas with the 
charge of Ascanias ; v. 616 sq. 
I'HnifiXiw, •• Son of Epytus "J. 

6qa-e-s, Itis, m. [for equ-i- 
(t)s ; fr. *qu-U8 ; r, root of «o, 
•• to go "] (" The horse-going 
one"; hence) A horseman. — 
Plur. : Cjvalry ; — at v. 660 ap- 
plied to the mounted comrades 
of At»caniufi. 

6qu-estrls, estre, adj. 
[gqu-us, " a horse"] Pertaining 
10 a hnrse; horge-, eaoaln/'. 

6-qiildein, adv. [for ec- 
qaldem ; fir. demonstrative suf- 
llx ce, changed before tlie k 
B)und into ec ; quidem, ** in- 
deed "] Indeed, verily, truly, 

^qa-Ufh i> i^*„'^ horse [akin 
to Gr. Ikk-09 s Iwn-oi; Sans, 
op-oa]. 

ereptnSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of Sriplo. 

erffOy adv. Therefore, accord" 
iaqly. 

e-rlg'Oy rexi, rectum, rig- 
fire, 3. V. a. [for e-r6go; fir. e 
(= ex), "out of"; r«go, "to 
make straight"] ("To make 
straight out of" a place ; henoe) 
To raise, or lift, up ; to erect. 

e-rlplOf rlptti, reptum, rip- 
6re, 3. V. a. [for e-r&pio; fr. o 
(= ex), "away"; r&pio, "to 
snatch"] HmTo snatch away.— 
2a To deliver, rescue, set free.—* 
Pass. : e-rlpIOFf reptns sum, 
rigi. 

eripiklf perf. ind. of eriplo. 



64 



VOCABULARY. 



dro, Alt. ind. of snm. 

errOf avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. : 
X« To wander f rove^ stray. — 2a 
Of a ship : To wander from its 
course. 

err-or, oris, m. [err-o, "to 
wander "1 1. A wandering ^ a 
straying aoout. — 2 a Error ^ mis- 
take. 

e-r&«o« r&i, rtltnm, rtLSre, 
3. V. a. [e (= ex), "out"; riio, 
"to cast down"] ("To cast 
down and out"; hence) Of a 
tree : To tear up from the roots. 
— Pass.: e-rdory rtitus sum, 
rfii. 

erfttus, a, mn, P. perf. pass, 
of ertio. 

Sr^oinns, a, nm; see 
Er^ x.^ 

firymanttins* i, m. Erym- 
anthus; a mountain-chain in 
Arcadia, the central state of the 
Peloponnesus (now the Morea) 

[Gr. 'EpvfJLav0o^2' 

Bryx, j^cis, m. Eryx: !• A 
kinpr in Sicily, the son of Bntes 
and Venus, and so half-brother 
to ^neas ; hence the expres- 
sion litora fratema Eiycis, 
V. 24. — 2 a A high mountain 
(now S. Q-iuliaTio) with a city of 
the same name on the W. coast 
of Sicily, famed for its temple 
of Venus. — Hence, Sryo- 
InuSy ina, inum, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Eryx [Or. "Epvf]. 

1. esty 3. pers. sinpf. pres. 
ind. of sum. 

2. est (=: ddit), 3. pers. sing, 
pres. ind. of 6do; v. 693. 

etf conj. ; la And : — et . . . 
et, both . . . and.—^. Also [akin 
to Gr. ert, " moreover "; Bans. 
ati, " much, exceedingly"]. 

dtlam, conj. [akin to et] 1. 
And also, and furthermore ; like' 
wise, also, besides. — 2a Eoen. 

SumelUS, i, m. Eumelus; 
a Trojan who conveye<i to 
jEneas the tidings of the burn- 



ing of the fleet [Gi*. Ev/xi^Ao?, 
" Rich in sheep "J. 

duntezn, masc. aco. sing, 
of lens. 

duntes, maec. ace. plur. of 
lens ; V. 777. 

Surj^&lUS, i, m. Euryalus; 
the friend of Nisus, and victor 
in the foot-race at the fbneral 
games of Anchises [Gr. Evpu- 
oAoc, " He with a broad thresh- 
ing-floor"]. 

Surytioilfdn'S, m. Euryti- 
on ; a brother of that Pandarus 
who hurled his spear at the 
Trojan horse, and a competitor 
in the archery contest at the 
funeral games of Anchises [Gr. 

EvpvTl'to)!']. 

e-vado* vasi, vasum, vad- 
Sre, 3. V. a. [e (= ex), "out 
from"; vado, "to go"] ("To 
go out from "; hence) To escaps 
from, escape. 

e-vinoiO« yinxi, vinctom, 
vincire, 4. v. a. [e (= ex), 
" completely " ; vinclo, " to 
bind"] la To bind completely, 
bind round. — 2a To enclose, en- 
velope, tie up ; — at v. 364 of en- 
closing the hands in a csBStus. 
— Pass. : e-vinoior, vinctua 
sum, vinciri. 

evinotus, a, um, P. x)erf. 
pass, of evincto;— at vv. 269, 
774 folld. by Ace. of " Respect" 
[§ 101]; — at V. 364 evinctia 
palmis is Abl. Abs. [§ 125]. 

e-volvo, volvi, vSlutum, 
volvfire, 3. v. a. [e (= ex), 
"out"; volvo, "to roll "J With 
Personal pron. in reflexive 
force : Of a stream : To roll 
itself forth; to roll forth^ glide 
out, etc. 

ex (e), prep. gov. abl.: 1. 
Out of & place or number. — 2a 
Away from. — 3a Down from. — ft. 
Of time : From.—Sm To denote 
the material of, with, or out of 
which a thing is made : — ex 



VOCABULARY. 



65 



sere, qf hrcnze^ v. 266.— 6« Ae- 
cording to, in conformity or ac- 
cordance with, after [Gr. «^]. 

ezactus, a, uiu, P. perf. 
pass, of ezlgo. 

ex&niznatus, a, nm, P. 
X>err. pass, of ex&ulmo. 

ex-Anlm-is, e, adj. [ex, 
denoting "neifjitiim"; &nlm-a, 
-life"! (•• Lifeless, dead"; 
hence) Lifeles*, or dead, from 
fear = English ex))re8sion terri' 
.fed out of one't life. — In this 
force rare, and never in form 
ez&nlmas. 

ex-<UlIin-0« avi, atam, &re, 
1. V. a. [id.l ("To deprive of 
life"; hence) 1* To depr ve of 
spirit or courage, to ferr\fy great- 
lu. — 2i Pass. : To be dead from 
fear, etc.— Pass. : ex-&nilll- 
OFf fttus snm, ari. 

ex-ardescOy arsi, arsmn, 
ardescSre, 3. v. n. [ex, "up"; 
ardesco, " to blaze "J (" To 
blaze np"; hence) Of grief: To 
bunt, or break, forth with vio- 
lence. 

exarslt i)erf. ind. of ez- 
ardesco. 

ex-oedOt cessi, cessom, 
ceddre, 3. v. n. [ex, "out o^ 
forth from"; cSdo, "to go"1 
(" To go out of, or forth from/' 
a place ; hence) Of a prize : To 
withdraw, or retire from; i. e. 
to surrender all claim to. 

exoel-snSf celsa, celsnm, 
adj. [for excell-sus ; fr. excell-'\ 
" to raise up "1 (" Raised up "; 
hence) Elevated, lofty, high. 

excXd-ium, li, n. [for ex- 
Bcld-Ium ; fr. sxscin (= ex; 
SOU), root of scindo), true root 
of exscindo, " to destroy "J 
D^ruction, overthrow. 

excXdram, pluperf. ind. of 
ex(AOm 

ex-cIOy'clvl and cli, c!tum 
and citum, cire, 4. v. a. [ex, 
" oat"; cio, " to make to go "] 



(" To make to go out "; hence) 
Xm To call out or forth ; to bring 
out — 2a To rouse, excite. — 3 a Of 
things as Object: To raise up, 
produce. 

ex-o¥pIo, cepi, ceptnm, 
clp6re, 3. v. a. [for ex-c&pio ; fr. 
ex, " without force "; c&pio, " to 
take "J (" To take "; hence) To 
receive a pei*8on in any way. 

excussus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of exctitlo. 

ex-ciktXo, cussi, cussum, 
c&t^re, 3. V. a. [for ex-qu&tio; 
fr. ex, " out " ; qu&tio, " to 
shake"] To shake, or cast, out 
or forth.— F&ss. : ex-OtttXorf 
CU8SUS sum, cfiti. 

exedisse, perf. inf. of ez- 
ddo. 

ex-ddOy edi, esum, Sdfire, 
3. V. a. [ex, denoting "com- 
pleteness^' ; 6do, " to eat "] 
(" To eat completely, eat up "; 
hence) To destroy, consume, etc. 

ex-60y ivi or li, Itum, ire, 
V. n. and a. [ex, " out"; 6o, " to 
go "] la Neut. : To go, or come, 
out or forth from a place, etc. — 
2 a Act. : To avoid, escape, elude, 
ward qf; V. 438. 

ex-erodOf ercfti, ercltnm, 
ercere, 2. v. a. [for ex-arcdo ; 
fr. ex, denoting "opposition"; 
arcSo, " to enclose^'] (" To 
drive out of the enclosure"; 
hence, " to drive on or about ; 
to employ, exercise " ; hence) 
Mentally: To disturb, disquiet, 
agitate, vex, etc. — Pass. : ex- 
ercdor* ercltus sum, ercerL 

1. exercitus, a, um, P. 
perf. pass, of exercdo. 

2. exerc}-itas, Itos, m. 
[exerc-^, " to exercise "] 
(" Exercise " ; hence, " an 
army," as a trained and disci- 
plined body of men ; hence) A 
multitude, band, company; see 
Phorcus. 

ex-iffo, egi, actum, IgSre, 

F 



66 



VOCABULARY. 



3 V. a. [for ex-&po; fr. ex, 
"out"; ago, "to drive"] (" To 
drive out"; hence) To bring io 
an end ; to end, finish. — Pass. : 
eX"Igror, actus sum, Igi. 

exigr^ns, fta, tium, adj. In 
number: Small, Jf etc; v. 764. 

exit* 3. pers. sing. pres. ind. 
of exdo. 

exI-tXuzn, tli, n. [exi, root 
of ex6o, " to go away "] (** A 
Boing away," i.e. to nought; 
hence) Destruefion, ruin. 

exi-tus, tus, m. [exSo, " to 
go out"; through true root 
»xi|j ('* A going out "; hence) 
Of circumstances, etc. : An issue, 
result, — at v. 6?3 exitus ingens 
is variously considered as hav- 
ing reference to the burning of 
the Trojan ships as mentioned 
at v. 659 sqg. ; and as prefigur- 
ing the wars which in aiter 
ages were waged in Sicily be- 
tween the Romans and the 
Sicilians aided by the Carthag- 
inians. 

ex-drXor* orsus sum, driri 
3. and 4. v. dep. [ex, " up "; 
drior, "to rise"] ("To rise, or 
spring, up"; hence) Of lamenta- 
tion, etc. : To arise. 

ex-o-suSy sa, sum, adj. 
[for ex-od-sus ; fr. ex, in " in- 
tensive " force ; 6d-i, " to hate "] 
In active force, and folld. by 
Ace. : Hating utterly or exeeed- 
inffly, — at V. 687 supply tu es 
^th exdsus. 

ex-pdd-Xo, ivi or ti, itum, 
Jre, 4. V. a. [ex, "out of"; pes, 
pSd-is, " the foot "] (" To get 
the foot out of " a snare, etc. ; 
hence, " to extricate "; hence) 
To prepare, get ready, get out. 

exsftta'ra-bilis, bile, 
adj. rexs&t&r(a)-o, "to satisfy 
ftilly^'l That can he satisfied 
fully, that can he satiated. 

exs^qudreFf imperf. subj. 
'Of exsdquor. 



ex-sSquor, s^quutus sum, 
sSqui, 3. v. dep. [ex, "to the 
end"; sequor, "to follow"] 
(" To follow to the end "; hence) 
Of vows, etc., as Object: To 
follow up, carry out, accomplish, 
perform, etc. ; — at v. 64 ex- 
s^qaSrer is used in zeugma 
with vota and pompas; with 
the latter word it is equivalent 
to duc^rem, " would lead." 

ex-sorSy sortis, adj. [ex, 
" without " ; Bors, " lot "] 
(" Without lot "; ». e.) Independ- 
ent of allotment. 

6x-specto, spectavi, spect- 
atum, spectare, 1. v. a. [ex, 
" very much " ; specto, " to 
look out"] (" To look out very 
much" for a thing; hence) 1. 
To wait for, await, wait to see; to 
wait until, etc. — 2. To expect, 
ioofc/or.— Pass.: ex-speotor, 
spectatus sum, spectari. 

exstmotus, a, um, P. 
perf. pass, of exstrfto. — As 
Subst. : exstractunif l, n. 

A mound, or heap of earth, as 
that which has been piled np. 

ex-strClO* struxi, structum, 
BtrilSrOf 3. v. a. [ex, in "aug- 
mentative " force ; strilo, " to 
pile, or heap, up "] To pile, or 
heap, up.—Fass. : ex-StrClor, 
structus sum, striii. 

ex-sulf sfilis, comm. gen. 
[for ex-sol; fr. ex, "out of"; 
s5l-um, "land, country"] 
(" One who goes out of, or quite 
his land or country"; hence" 
An exile, 

exsultanst ntis, P. pres. 
of exsulto. 

exsul-t0« tavi, tatum, 
tare, 1. v. n. intens. [for exsal- 
to ; fr. EXSAL (i. e. ex ; sal, root 
of s&llo), true rootof exslllo, " to 
leap up "] (" To leap, or spring, 
up ; hence) To r^oice exceed- 
ingly, to exult. 

exta* 5mm, n. plur. The 



VOCABULAR V. 



67 



higher internal oraans of the 
hody; e.g. the liver, heart, 
lungB, etc. ; the iwcards. 

ex-templOf adv. [contr. 
ftr. old ex-temptilo ; Ir. ex, *' im- 
mediately after'*; temp&lum, 
a dimin. form of tempuH, 
"time"] ("Immediately after 
the time ; hence) Forthwith, 
at once, immediately. 

ex-tendo, tendi, tensum 
and tentum, tendSre, 3. v. a. 
[ex, '• ont"; tendo, *' to stretch'H 
Of a person as Object: 7\> 
tirefeh out of extend; to throw at 
full length ; v. 374. 

ex-terr6o, terr&i, tenl- 
tum, terrere, 2. v. a. [ex, in 
" augmentative " force ; terrfio, 
"to frighten"] To frighten 
greatly ; to alarm or terrify in a 
high degree.— Fa8B. : ex-terr- 
dbr, terrltus snm, terreri. 

extern tus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of exterr^o. 

extreznuSy a, nm, snp. adj. 
(" Outermost"; hence) X,La»t, 
in the widest sense of the word. 
— ^m The hut part, or end, of 
that to which this adj. is in 
attribution. 

extHldrlzn, ext&li, perf. 
Bubj. and ind. of eflf^ro. 

extteypres. imperat. ofex&o. 

exttOf tii, utnm, fi^re, 3. v. a. 
To put off from one's self; to 
lay aeide. 

:-urOy ussi, ustnm, urSre, 



3. V. a. [ex, in " intensive " 
force ; ura, " to bum "] To bum 
up, destroy byfre. 

exussiy perf. ind. of exuro. 

f%ces, ace. plur. of fax ; v. 
637. 

fftO-¥es, Tei, f. [prob. fr. f&c- 
fo] Xa Make, form, figure, etc. 
— 2* Face. — 3a Appearance, 
etapect. 

f&olo, feci, factum, fScdre, 
3. V. a. ("To cause to be"; 



hence) To malre, in the widest 
sense of the term :— facere vela, 
to make iail, v. 281 : — for facere 
pedem see pes.— Pass. : fio, 
t actus sum, n^n [akin to Sans, 
root BH*, "to be"— in causa- 
tive force]. 

factus, a, um, P. perf. pass, 
of filclo ;— at V. 687 fttcti pace is 
Abl. Abs. [§ 126]. 

fall-ax, aciH, adj. [rnll-o, 
" to deceive "] Prone to deceive, 
deceitful. 

fallo, fSfelli, fnlsnra, fallfire, 
3. V. a. C*To cniit=e to fall"; 
hence) !• To deceive, confute, 
etc.— 2. Pass, in reflexive force: 
To deceive one's 'elf, to be ww- 
taken. —VsiPH. : ftlilor, falsiis 
sum, falli [akin to Gr. o-^dA Acd]. 

mma, 8B, f. (" That which 
is spoken or snid"; hence) 1. 
Report, the common talk, rumour, 
etc. — 2. Reputation, renown, 
fame [Gr. <^»7mtj]. 

fSimtklus, tlli, m. Atervant, 
attendant. 

far, Harris, n. (" Spelt," a 
species of grain ; hence) Meal, 
grits, etc. : — far pium, at v. 745, 
has reference to the meal 
sprinkled on a victim's head 
previous to sacrifice. 

fas, n. indecl. (" Divine 
law "; hence) A right, or lawful, 
thing. 

fat-alls, ale, adj. [f3,t-nm, 
"fate"] (" Pertainiug to fa- 
turn*'; hence) Given, or assigned, 
by fate ; fated. 

x&tig'O, avi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. ("To weary "; hence) To 
harass, worry, worry out. 

fa-tum, ti, n. [fa, root of 
(for) fari, " to speak "] (" That 
which is spoken "; hence) la 
Destiny, fate; — sometimes in 

Slur.— 2. Plur. : Personified : 
'he Fates. 

f&tus, ft, mn, P. perf. of for. 
f&vens, ntis (Gen. Plur. 

2 



68 



VOCABULARY, 



f&ventftm for f&ventimn, v. 148) , 
P. ores, of fXvdo. 

^v6o. favi, fauinm, f&vere, 
2. V. n. : JLa To he favourable^ to 
faoour. — Phraf e : Favete ore {or 
linguis). Be favourable with your 
mouth (or tonguef) ; i. e. use 
toords of good omen ; or be still 
or tilent. The foregoing form- 
nla was used before the com- 
mencement of any eacred cere- 
mony by the officiating priest. 
At V. 71 Virgil puts it into the 
mouth of ^neas when about to 
begin the funeral-games in 
honoar of his father, Anchlses. 
—2a To applaud. 

f%villa« 8B, f. Hoi ashea, 
cinders, embers. 

fSiv*or, oris, m. [fUv-do, in 
force of "to applaud"] Ap- 
plause, aeelamation. 

fbx, f&cis, f. ("The shining 
thing "; hence) A torch [akin 
to Sans, root bha, " to shine "]. 

I<ecl» perf. ind. officio. 

fg-minaf minse, f. [fS-o, 
" to produce "] (" She that pro- 
duces or brings forth "; hence) 
A female, a woman. 

f6re« adv. Nearly, almost, for 
the most part. 

fgrendo, Gerund in do tr. 
fBro. 

f^rlOy no perf. nor sup., Ire, 
4. V. a. To strike. 

fgr-Of t&l-i, la-tum, fer-re, 
V. a. : !• To bear, carry, bring, 
convey : — manum ferre in proelia, 
{to carry the hand into battles ; 
i. e.) to engage in pugilistic en- 
eouTiters, v. 403:— ferre infesta 
tola, {to curry hostile weapons; 
i. e.) f-o advance to the attack, 
V. 582.-2. To carry off, take 
oMay, remove, eto. — 3 a Of a gift, 
prize, etc. : To bear qffoT away ; 
to receive, obtain, win, ete. — «■ 
To bear, endure, ete. — 5- With 
Personal pron. in reflexive 
force: C*To bear one's '^ self 



along"; i.e.) a. TobetaJee one** 
*«(f; go, eto.— b. With accessory 
notion of haste : To hasten, 
speed, hurry onwards, — 6. To re' 
port, relate, ete. ; v. 688. — Pass. : 
fgivor, la-tus sum, fer-ri [akin 
to Gr. ^*p-ia, and Sans, root 
bhRi ; tai-i is formed fr. root 
TUL or TOL, whence tol-lo ; la- 
tum ss tla^tum, akin to rAa-u)]. 

ferivatus, ata, atum, ttdj.. 
[ferr-um, " iron "] (" Provided 
with ferrum "; hence) Tipped, 
or pointed, with iron. 

lernmiyi, n. : l. Iron.—^, 
As made of iron : (" The head, 
or barb," of an arrow ; hence) 
An arrow. 

fglvuSy a, um, adj. Of anim- 
als: Wild.—As Subst. : ffer- 
USy i, m. A Willi animal; — at 
V. 818 applied to the sea-horses 
that drew Neptune's car [akin 
to Gr. 0T^p. in ^olic dialect ^ijp, 
•* a wild animal or beast "]. 

fessaSya,um,adj. Wearied, 
weary. 

f idens, ntis : X- P. pres. of 
Mo.— 2. Pa.: Bold, confident, 
eto. 

fld-es, ei, f. [fid-o. "to 
trust"] ("Trust"; hence, as 
producing trust, " a promise " ; 
hence, "a promise of protec- 
tion," etc.; hence) Guardian 
care, protection, eto. 

fia-0» f isus sum, f idSre, 3. 
V. n. semi-dep. To trust, be con- 
fident, feel confidence [akin to 
ni0, root of ireiOfti, " to persuade"; 
Pass. : " to believe or trust "]. 

fid-us» a, um, adj. [tid-o, 
" to trust "] (" That is trusted 
or to be trusted "; hence) Trusty, 
faithful. 

f i^-Oy fixi, fixum, AgSre, 3. 
V. a. : 1. To fix, fasten.— "Zm To 
transfix, pierce. — Pass.: figr»ory 
flxus sum, figi [akin to Gr. 
(r^iy-'yw. " to draw tight"! 

fimuSy i (only in Bin[;.]i, m. : 



VOCABULARY. 



69 



Xa Dung, exeremenf. — 2a Mirt, 
dirt. 

fI*BlSffiii8, m. and f. [prob. 
for fid-nifl; ftr. findo, "to di- 
vide," thronirb root fid] ("The 
dividing thing"; hence, **a 
boundary or border"; hence) 
Xa Of a race-conrse : The end^ 

r;.~2a Of vessels comi)eting 
a race: The HarHng-flaee, 
moorit^. — 3 a Territory , land, 
eountrt. — %m An end, termina' 
lion, etc. 

fin-XtlmnSa Itlma, Itlmnm. 
adj. [nn-is. ''a border"! 

i" Pertaining to aJfwit "; hence) 
bordering upon, adjoining, neigh- 
bouring.^As Snbst.: flnltllll* 
1, drum, m. plur. The neigh- 
limring peoplee. 

llOf factns stun, flSri, v. pass, 
irreg. ; see fftclo: la To be 
made. — 2a To become. 

11x1, x)erf. ind. of Ago. 

flxuSi a, am, P. perf. pass, 
of figo. 

flftffel-lniil, li, n. dim. [for 
flager-lom; A:, flagmm, nag- 
(e)r.i, "a whip"] A small 

n&ment minis, n. rfl(a)-o, 
"to blow"] ("The blowing 
thing"; hence) Of the air: A 
breeze, gale, 

flam-inaf m», f. ("The 
biasing thing"; hence) AJlr.me; 
— at V. 689 sing, for plnr. 

fl&TliSy va, vum, adj. 
("Burning"; hence, of colour) 
Yellow [aUn to Sans, root braj, 
"to bum"]. 

flecte« pres. imperat. of 
flecto. 

llectOf flexi, flexum, flect- 
£re, 3. V. a. To bend, turn, turn 
round [prob. akin to Gr. irAeic-w, 
" to plait or twist"]. 

flens, ntis, P. pres. of fldo. 

II60, fldvi, Actum, flere, 2. 
V. n. and a. : la Neut. : To 
uteepf thed teare.— ^. Act. : To 



weep, or ehed tear; for ; to mourn 
for, bemoan, etc. [akin to Gr. 
^Ac'-M, " to gfush or overflow "]. 

116-tas, t&s, m. [fl«-o, " to 
weep"] .4 weefiing. 

flex-Ills, lie. adj. [flex-ns, 
" a bending "] (" Pertaininsr to 
Jlexue*'; hence) Pliant flexible, 

flexas, a, um, P. perf. pass, 
of flecto. 

flds, fldris, m. ("That which 
expands or blossoms"; hence) 
A flower [akin to Sans, root 
PHAL, "to expand"; or Sans, 
root PHULX., " to blossom "]. 

fluc-tus, tas, m. [for migv- 
tus ; ft", fltto, " to flow,^' through 
root PLUGVj (" A flowing— that 
which flows "; hence) A billow, 
wave. 

flt&Xtans, ntis, P. pres. of 
fl&Ito. 

fltt-Ito, It&vl, It&tum. yt&re, 
1. V. n. intens. [fltt-o, " to flow "J 
("To flow"; hence, "to swim, 
float"; hence) Tomoveuneieadi- 
Ig, to be toeeing about. 

fl&-znen, minis, n. [id.] 
(" That which flows "; hence) 
la A flood, or etream, of water. — 
2* ^ river. 

fltko, fluxi, flnxum, flnSre, 3. 
V. n. : la To flow.— i. To run 
down, drip with any fluid [akin 
to Sans, root plu, " to flow, to 
swim "J. 

fdo-US, i, m. (" The burn- 
ing fling"; hence) An altar 
[akin to Sans, root dhuc, "to 
bum"]. 

faed-e,adv. [foed-us." foul"] 

(" After the manner of the 

fcedu* "; hence," foully "; hence) 

Baselg, horribly, ditgracefully, 

ghamefully, etc. 

foed-us, Sris, n. [for fid-us ; 
fr. fid-o, " to tmst " J(" A trust- 
ing"; hence) A league, covenant, 
agreement, treaty, compact. 
' f&l-Xuin,Ii, n. A le<f [akin 
to Gr. ^u'A-Aoi']. 



70 



VOCABULARV 



(for)* fatus sum, fari, 1. 
V. dep. To gpeak, say [akin to 
Gr. ^a-«, ^fl-fii, •* to Bay "]. 

f&rem (s essem), imperf. 
Bubj. of Bum. 

for^ma, msB, f. [for fer-ma; 
ft-. fBr-o, "to bear"] ("The 
tiling that is borne**; hence) 
Xa Form,Affure, shape. — 2 a A 
Jineformf beauty. 

foivs* tis (only in Nom. and 
Abl. SingOf f. [probably for fer- 
tis ; fr. f8r-o, " to bring '*] (" A 
blinking"; "that which is 
brought"; hence) la Chance^ 
hazard^ accident. — 2« Adverbial 
expressions : aa Fors, ( =fors sit, 
chance may be; i. e.) Perchance^ 
perhajMfperadcenture. — ^ba Forte 
(Abl.), By chance, accidentally^ 
by accident. 

forte; see fors. 

for^tiSf te, adj. Brave, bold, 
eourageout ;—B.ty. 389 the Sup. 
is foUd. by Gen. of " thing dis- 
tributed" [§130]. 6-^(Comp.: 
fort-Ior ;) Sup. : fort-isslmus [for 
fer-tis ; fr. f8r-o ; and so, " bear- 
ing, that bears"; hence, 
"strong"; hence, as a result, 
" brave," etc. ; or akin to Sans, 
root DH^isH, "to be courage- 
ous "]. 

fortlsslmuSy a, um, sup. 
adj. ; see fortis. 

fort-una, unsB, f. [fors, 
fort-is, " chance "] (" That 
which belongs to /or#"; hence) 
Xa Chance, hap, luck, fortune. — 
2a Good luck, good fortune, pro- 
eperity. — 3 a Personified as a 
goddess: Fortune. 

f&r^um, i, n. ("An open 
space or area"; hence, " a for- 
um or market-place"; hence, 
from justice being administered 
there) The adminintration ofJu»' 
tiee [usually considered akin to 
for-is, " a door," and so, " that 
which is out of doors " ;— but 
ratber skin tx> Gr. root irop. 



a passage 
90 or 



»». 



pass "} 



whence irdp-o$, " 
irop-evojuai, "to 

and so, " that which is gone or 
passed through "]. 

ftttCtus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, offrango. 

f^ftg'-or, oris, m. [frango, 
" to break," through root va, \ gj 
("A breaking"; hence, "a 
crash" as when something is 
broken to pieces; hence) A 
noise, din, shout;— aX V. 228 in 
plur. 

traxkgOf fregt, fttictum. 
frangdre, 3. v. a. To break, dash 
to pieces.— Pass. : ftOJkgOTf 
fractus sum, frangi [akin to Gr. 
pirfvvfjit, and Sans, root bbjl±j, 
"to split, break"]. 

ftSLteVf tris, m. A brother 
[akin to Sans. bhrStii']. 

f^ater^nuSy na, nnm, adj. 
[frater, fraUe)r-i8, "a brother"] 
Uf, or belonging to, a brother; 
a brother's; see Eryx. 

flrauSy fraudis, f. Deceit, 
fraud. 

f^dm-ltus, ytus, m. [fr^m-o, 
" to roar "] Of persons : A roar- 
ing, roar, shouting .—fremitus 
secundus, {favourable shouting ; 
i. e.) acclamation, V. 333. 

frdm-Oftii, Itum, 6re. 3. v. n. : 
Xa Of persons : To make a lorn 
murmuring sound, etc. ; v. 655. — 
2 a Of the wind : To roar, rage 
[Gr. ^pe^-w]. 

fk>enatus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of freno. 

ft*en-0« avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[fren-um, "a bridle"] To pro- 
vide, or furnish, with a bridle. — 
Pass. : ft*en<-or, atus sum, ari. 

fk^-nunif ni, n. (in plur. 
m. and n. Are-ni and nre- 
na) ('' The holding or restrain- 
ing thing "; hence) A bridle, 
including bit, head-piece, and 
reins [akin to Sans, root dh^i, 
"to hold"]. 

ftrdtuniy i, n. : Xa .^ strait. 



VOCABULARY. 



71 



yWM.— 2. (Sing, and) Plor. : 
Theaea, 

flre-tas,ta, turn, adj. (" Sap- 
ported " by something ; hence) 
With Abl. [§ IIP. («)] : flying, 
or depending t upon; truHing to 
[akin to Sans, root dhbi, *' to 
support **]. 

n*ig'do, frizi (only in old 
(rrammarians), no sup., frlgdre, 
2. y. a. To be eold, to oe euld and 
ttiff [akin to pty, root of ht-y-i^t 
" to shiver with cold," with the 
digamma prefixed]. 

flriff-lauSf Ida, Idum, adj. 
[frig-«o, "to be cold"] CoW, 

firondens, ntis, P. pres. of 
frondto. 

frond-dOy no perf. nor sup. , 
ere, 2. v. n. [frons, frond-is, " a 
leaf"] To have leaves, to be 
leafy. 

i)rond-58iiS, dsa, osum, 
adj. [troTiB, trond-is, " a leaf "J 
Full off or abounding in, leavee; 
leqfjf. 

1. tronm, frondis. f. : X. a. 
A lea/.—lim Leaveiffoliaaet leafy 
branchee. — 2. A garland qf 
leavee. a leafy garland, 

2, frons, frontis, f. : X. The 
forehead or iro».— 2i Of a 
Tessel: The bow^jfrotc; v. 158 
[akin to Sans, bhru ; Gr. 6 -^v-c ; 
cf. English "brow"]. 

fimstra, adv. [akin to 
fVaudo] ("In a deceived man- 
ner"; hence) In vain, to no 
purpose: — ^non frustra, {not in 
vain, i. e.) ^eetuallg, with effect. 

fUdlf perf. ind. of fondo. 

fUdissein, pluperf. subj. 
of ftmdo. 

Adram, pluperf. ind. of 
sum. 

fbdriiii, perf. subj of sum. 

f&ff-a, »e, f. [flig-Io, "to 
flee"] A fleeing f flight. 

fbflr&ram, for ftigavSram, 
pluperf. ind, of f&go. 



f&irif P«rf. ind. of fliglo. 

AgrXenSf ntis, p. pres. of 
flifirto. 

mflTlO, f&gi, itig!tum, mg- 
fire, 3. V. n. and a. : X. Neut. : 
a. Toflee.Jly, take to flight.— \im 
Of things : (a) To pass rapidlu, 
Jlee, speed itsy etc., way. — (o) To 
flee away ; to disappear or vanish; 
to recede from the sight. — 2. 
Act. : To flee from [akin to Gr. 
^vy, root of ^«vY«, " to flee "; 
also to Sans, root bhuj, " to 
bend "; Pass, in reflexive force, 
" to incline one's self"]. 

^8r-0,avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[flig-a, "flight"] To put to 
Jlight, make toflee^ rout, drive or 
chase away. — Pass.: fUgT'OFp 
&tus sum, ari. 

fblssezn, pluperf. subj. of 
sum. 

fUlff*do« ftiisi, no sup., ftilg- 
ere, 2 v. n. To shine, glitter, 
glisten [akin to Sans, root hbaj, 
^' to shine "]. 

ftilgr-or, oris, m. [falg-«o, 
" to flash "] (" The flashing 
thing " ; hence, " a flash of 
lightning " ; hence) Glitter, 
gleam, brightness, glistening. 

All-men* minis, n. [for 
(tilg-men ; fr. fulg-fio. " to 
flash "] (" The flashing thing "; 
hence) A lightning -^flash ; a 
thunder-bolt. 

AllvuSf a, um, adj. Beddish 
yellow, gold-coloured. 

fu-mus, mi, m. (" The rush- 
ing, or shaken, thing "; hence) 
Smoke [akin to Gr. flu'-co, " to 
rush "; also to Sans, root dhu 
or DH^, "to shake"; whence 
dhu-ma, "smoke"]. 

1. fUndo, fudi, fusum, fund- 
6re, 3. V. a. : X. Of liquids: To 
pour out or forth, to pour. — 2* 
Of speech, complaints, etc. : To 
I pour forth, utter.— 3, Of several 
living beings as Subject : To 
'.stretch themselces, etc., out; to 



72 



VOCABULARY, 



ttrelek out their, etc.. limhg ; 
V. 837.— Pass. : fUndor, fusos 
Bum, ftmdi [root vvd, akin to 
Xv-o-w, " a pouring oat "; x*-"» 
** to pour out"]. 

2. rand-Of avi, atum, are, 
l.v. a. [ftind-uB, " the bottom "J 
("To lay the botto'n of" a 
thing ; hence) 2V)/buni.— Pass. ; 
ftmd-orf atus sum, ari. 

ftUld-USf i, m. The bottom of 
anything ; — at v. 178 of the 
bottom of the sea [akin to fivO- 
6«, *♦ depth"; nvB-fiiiy, "the 
bottom '^of the sea]. 

f&ll-lS,is,m. (" The binding 
thing " ; hence) 1> A cord, 
string. — 2« A rope, cable [akin 

to 



root BiJTDH, 



(t 



to Sans, 
bind"]. 

f&rare, pres. imperat. of 
2. furor ; v. 846. 

fbrens, ntis, P. pres. of 
fttro ;— at v. 202 folld. by " Re- 
spective Gen. [Notes to Syntax, 
p. 139, ^,(2)]. 

flir^Of di, no sup., 8re, 3. v. n. 
To rage, rave^ befurioue [akin to 
Sans, root BHCft, "to be ac- 
t.ve*n. 

1. mror,5ris, m. [far-o, "to 
xi^e "] iZdi^e, m'idne$a,/ury, _ 




>methin^ 
iMmce) With Ace. of nearer Ob 
ieet, and Dat. of disadvantage 
r§ 107] : To tteal awojf, or with- 
draw, something frvm some- 
thing; V. 845. 

fUr-tim, adv. [f&r-or, " to 
eteol "] JBg gtealth, eecretly, 
privily. 

f&SUS* a, um, P. perf. pass, 
of 1. fundo. 

fbturuSf a, am, P. fut. of 
sum. 

Geetiil-nSf a, um, adj. 
[Gam-i, "The GsetuU"; a 



people of that part of ancient 
Africa which is now Morocco] 
Gatulian; African. 

ffftl-da, 68B, f. (" The cover- 
ing thing"; hence) A helmet, 
headpiece [Bikiu to icoA-vn-rcu, " to 
cover "1. 
eauddOt g&vlsus sum, gaud- 
firo, 2. V. n. semi-dep. To rejoice, 
delight [akin to Gr. yrfBita]. 

ipaad-iuiiiyti, n. I^gaud-^, 
" to rejoice "J ('* A rejoicing "; 
hence) Jog, gtadnees. 

grazaf SB, f. Bichee, wealth 
[Gr. yoi^a, said to be originally 
a Persian word]. 

grdl-iduSy Ida, Idum. adj. 
[g61-o, " to freeze "] (" Freez- 
ing"; hence) leg cold, cold, 

grdmens, ntis, P. pres. of 
gSmo. 

grd-mXnuSf mina, minom, 
adj. [prob. for gen-minus; fr. 
gfin-o, "to bring forth"! 
(•* Brought forth, or bom," with 
another; hence) Xa Twin-bom, 
twin.—lkm Two-fold, double.— Z. 
Two, both. 

g^ezn-snai mse, f. [for gen- 
ma ; fr. gen-o, " to bear '*] 
(•• The bearing thing "; hence, 
" the bud, or eye," of a plant; 
hence) A preciout stone. Jewel, 
gem, 

g-dm-Of td, Itum, Sre, 3. v. a. 
and. n. : X* Act. : To mourn, 
lament, bewail, bemoan. — 2 a 
Neut. : To groan, moan, etc. 

grdn-af SB, f. A cheek [akin to 
Gr. yeV-v, " the chin "]. 

grendratusia, um, P. perf. 
pass, of gSndro. 

Crdneivo, avi, atum, are, 
1. V. a. [gfinus, ggngr-is, "a 
race or family"] ("To make 
a genug " ; hence, " to pro- 
create "; hence) Pass. : with 
Abl. of "origin" [§123]: To' 
spring, or detcend,from. — Pass. : 
^dn^ivor, atus sum, ari. 

ffdn-itOFf Itoris, m. [gdn-o» 



VOCABULARY. 



73 



••to beget*'] ("A begetter"; 
hence) !• A father , — at ▼. 94 
= Anchlses. — 2* As a term 
applied to the Dii Ml^iores : The 
Father, — atv. 817 = Neptune. 

g-6n-Ias, li, m. [g^n-o (- 
gigno), **to prodnce^T ("The 
producing oiie " ; hence, " the 
one pertaining to existence"; 
hence) The tutelary deity, or 
ffeniue, of a person or place ; — 
at V. 96 genium is the Ace. 
of the conmlement after esse 
[§ 94, 2], Supply eum (= ser- 
pentem) aa tne Subject of 
esse. 

^en-s, tis, f. [g«ii-o, "to 
beget"! ("A begetting;— that 
-Wmch IS begotten "; hence) X. 
A elanffamujf. — 2a A nafion. 

grdnUf us, n. A knee, — at 
y. 432 ^enua is to be pronounced 
as a dissyllable— ^«)ioa [akin to 
Gr. vow J. 

ffent&if perf. ind. of gig^o. 

grdnnSf firis, n. : X. Birth, 
deeeent, origin. — 2« Of persons : 
A meet family [^in to Gr. yeV- 

o«3. 

grdrOf gessi, gestum, gSrdre, 
3. V. a. To hear, carry. 

grigrno (old form ffdno), 
gSn&i, ggnYtum, gignSre, 3. v. a. 
To bring forth, bear, give birth 
to [reduplicated fr. root obit 
(akm to Sans, root jxv, " to 
bring forth," also ** to be 
bom"; whence also y«v), e.g. 
gen.g«n-o, gS-gSn-o, gl-g^n-o, 
pt-gn-o; cf. yi-yv-ofiat, formed 
on the same principle]. 

Glaucus. i, m. Qlaueut ; n 
sea-god [TAavKot, " Blue One"]. 

8rldr-ia,1ee, f. [akin to dar- 
ns, "bright"] Olory, fame, 
renovn. 

Gnos-YuSy la, lum, adj. 
[Gnos-us, "Gnosus"; the an- 
cient capital of Crete (** Of, or 
belonging to, Qnonu**; hence) 
Cretan. 



grrftmlB-^uSt to, Sum, adj. 
[gramen, grimln-is, " grass ] 
(" Of, orpertaining to^gramen ; 
hence) Oraeey, gra»$-covered. 

ffrandO, Inis, f. Hail, a 
hail'storm, 

8rr&tior,uB ; ffratisslm- 
US« a, um ; see gratus. 

gr&t^OTf atus sum, &ri, ]. 
V. dep. [grat-us, "pleasing"] 
(" To desire that which is pless- 
ing[ " to some one ; hence) With 
Objective clause: To eongrat' 
ulate one, etc., that ; see rMux. 

fr&tllS,a, um, adj. Delight- 
pi eating, agreeable, — at v, 
128 foUd. by Dat. [§ 1C6, (3)]. 
BfiiT Comp. : grat-Ior ; Sup. : 
grat-isslmu». 

ffr&v-is,e, a^j. : X. Seaof, 
ponderom; — at v. 178 grarls 
refers to the weight orMencetes, 
n*om his clothes naving become 
thoroughly wet. — 2. With re- 
spect to character : Of weight 
or authority; venerable, etc. — 3* 
Of anger : Heavy, tevere [akin to 
Gr. Pap-vs ; Sans, gur-u for 
original gar-u]. 

grr&v-lter, adv. [gr&v-is, 
" heavy "] (" After the manner 
of the Oram "; hence) Heavily. 

gr^nlum, li, n. The lap, 
bosom , — at V. 31 used figurative- 
ly with respect to the countrv 
in which the bones of Anchises 
were laid. 

flrres-sus, sus, m. [for 
grad-sas ; fr. grftd-Ior, ^* to 
step **] X, A stepping, step, gait. 
—2. Of a ship : The course. 

gtiberna-clum, cli, n. 
rgtibem(a)-o, "to steer"] 
Y* That which serves for steer- 
ing"; herce) A helm, rudder. 

grtlbem&-tor, toris, m. 

[id.] A steersman, pilot. 

^UT^geB, gitis, m. : X. A 
whirlpool ; an eddying stream. — 
2* TVaters, stream, sea [akin to 
Sans, gar-gar-a, " a whirlpool,** 



74 



VOCABULARY. 



as " the devouring thing," fr. 
root ofii, ** to devour "J. 

Gj^as, » (Ace. G^an, w. 
ISl, 223), m. Qya*, a Trojan; 
one of the followers of^neas, 
who commanded the Chimaera 
in the contest of the ships at the 
funeral games of Anchises. 

fSfrvLS, i,m. Of a serpent: 
A ooil [Gr. 7vpo?]. 

bftbe-na, nee, f. [h&be-o, 
"to hold"! ("The Wding 
thing," «. e. '* that by which a 
thing is held "; hence) Flur. : 
Of horses : 7^ reins. 

b&bdOf iii, Itum, ere, 2. v. a. : 
Xm To have in the widest ac- 
ceptation of the term;— at v. 156 
supply eum (= locum priorem) 
after b&bet. — 2 . To hold, potsett. 
— 3. With Part. perf. pass, in 
concord with the nearer Object 
of the verb, and forming a 
second predicate (a circumlocu- 
tiou for the perf. act. of the 
verb supplying such part.) : To 
haoe^ holdt or potsesg a thing as 
completed or finished, or a per- 
son m a certain state or condi- 
tion: — siparatum Agmenhabet, 
if he hai (got) the troop prepared 
or in a ttate qfreadinefi, v. 649 ; 
where paratum habet = parav- 
it, and has instruxit joined to 
it by que. — %m With Adj. or 
Siibst. as second Ace. : To hold^ 
account^ deem, regard, etc., some 
object to be. or as being, that 
which is denoted by such second 
Ace. ; V. 60 [prob. akin to an-- 
Tojuiai, "to lay hold of"; also to 
&p-Io. "to seize or grasp "]. 

babeto, 3. pers. smg. fut. 
imperat. of h&bdo. 

bao-tdnus (in tmesis — 
hac celebrata tenus — v. 603), 
adv. [hac, fem. abl. sing, of 
hie, " this "; tSnus, " up to "] 
( • Up to this "; hence) In time : 
l^ji to this time or point; thus far. 



beerens, ntis, P. pres. of 
hsBrdo. 

beerdOf hsBsi, hsesum, hser- 
ere, 2. v. n. : X. To be, or re- 
main, fixed ox fast ansrwhere ; to 
cling. %, To he at a loss; to he 
perplexed or embarrassed. 

beesiy perf. ind. of hserSo. 

bamus, i, m. (" A hook "; 
hence) A hook-shaped Unle of 
coats of mail [Gr. x«iMos]. 

bast-ilOf ilis, n. [nast-a, 
" a spear "] ('* A thing belong- 
ing to a Jiasta'*; hence, "the 
shaft, or handle, of a ppear "; 
hence) A spear, javelin. 

baudf adv. Hot at aU, &y no 
means, not. 

bauriOy hausi, haustnm, 
hauiire, 4. v. a. (" To draw " 
water ; hence, " to drain, 
empty," a goblet, etc. ; hence) 
To exhaust, etc. [akin to Gr. 
apvcoj. 

bebdo, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 2. v. n. To Be slow, sluggish, 
or i>' active. 

Hector* dris, m. Sector ; 
the eldest son of Priam. He 
was slain by Achilles, who 
fastened his dead body to a 
war-chariot, and dragged it 
three times round the walls of 
Troy.— Hence, Bectdivdus, 
§a, Sum, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Hector [Gr. "EicTwp, *' f^t- 
holder," i.e. one who is the 
prop or stay of a place]. 

HectdreuSf a, um; see 
Hector.^ 

Bdlymus, i, m. Selgmus; 
a Sicilian, one of the attendants 
of Acestes. 

berb->a,a9,f. ("That which 
feeds or is eaten "; hence) Herb* 
age, grass, and nil that is com- 
prehended under the English 
expression of " green food " 
[akin to Gr. «/>ep/3-w, "to feed" 
(whence «^op/3-»j, " a pasture," 
as that which supplies food to 



VOCABULARY, 



75 



cattle), and Sans, root bhabb, 
** toeat"; cf. (p-i-men, "grass" 
(as '* that which is eaten" by 
cattle) ; akin to Gr. Ypa-i>), " to 
eat"; ypa-iiw, ** to s:naw "; and 
Bans, root gbas, '* to eat "]. 

HercstUeSfis, m. Herculet, 
son of Jupiter and Alcmena, 
celebrated more especially on 
account of the twelve labours 
imposed on him by Eurysthens, 
kinfif of MycensB, whom he was 
ordered by the Fates to serve 
for twelve years. After death 
he was deified as the fired of 
strength and the guardian of 
riches [Hercles — the Etruscan 
form ot Gr, *HpaicA^— with « 
inserted]. 

beroSf dis. m. A hero [Gr. 
^poK ; Sans, vvr-a]. 

berdniiit gen. plnr. of 
hSros. 

ben, inteij. Ala*! 

blb-emuSf ema, emum, 
a^. [forhldm-emus; fr. hiems, 
h»m-is, "winter"] ("Of, or 
belonging to, hiemt;'* hence) !• 
Wintry^ winter-. — 2* Stormy^ 
tempe$tuott». 

1. biCfhsBO, hoc(Gen.huius; 
Dat. huic), pron. dem ThU 
person or tiling : X. As Subst. : 
a. Sing.: (a) blo, m. This 
man, A«.— (b) bOOf n. Thit 
thing, Mm.— b. Plur. : (a) bi, 
m. TheeepereoM or men : — hi . . . 
hi, these . . . tho»e. — (b) boeOy 
n. These things, these words. — 2. 
boOf adverbial Abl. : On this 
accounty for this reason [akiu to 
Sans, pronominal root i, aspir- 
ated; with c (= ce), demon- 
strative suffix]. 

2. bio, adv. [1. hie, " this"] 
Xa In this place, here. ~ 2a In 
time ; Here, — 3- Hereupon^ 
here. 

biein-s,is, f. ("The snowy 
time"; hence) X. Winter.— ^n 
A siorm^ tempest akin to Sans. 



Atm-a, 
"winter"- 



"snow"; 



Gr. xmi-iovy 
..^ww* , xtlyi-a^ "winter 
weather "J. 

b-ln-o, adv. [for hi-im*c; 
tc. hi, base of hi-c; locative 
suffix im ; c = demonstrative 
suffix ce] ("From this very"; 
hence) X. Locally: From this 
place; hence. — 2. Of origin: 
Hence, from this source, etc. 

BlppdoOon, ontis, m. 
Hippocoon, son of Hyrt&cus, 
who contended in the foot-race 
at the funeral games of Anchis- 
es [Gr. 'IiriToitdwi', "One ob- 
serving horses "]. 

bOnor (bdnos), dris, m. : 
X. Honour. — 2a As being a 
mark of honour, etc. : a* A re- 
ward, gift, prize, etc. — ^ba A 
religious, or funeral^ rite, cere- 
mong, etc., m honour of the 
dead. — Oa A sacrifice, or qffer- 
ing, to the gods. 

bdrftf se. f. : X. An hour, the 
hour. — 2a Time [Gr. mpa']. 

borr-idus, Ida, Idum, adj. 
[horr-So, "to stand on end"! 
(** Standing on end "; hence) 
Bough, presenting a rough or 
terrible aftptarance, horrid. 

boivtor* tatus sum, tari, 1. 
V. dep. (" To instigate "; ». e.) 
la To exhort, urge. — 2. To en- 
courage [akin to Gr. 6p-vvfii, " to 
rouse "J. 

bos-pes, pitis, m. ("The 
one seeking to eat"; and in 
Pass, force, " the one sought for 
the purpose of eating or being 
entertained"; hence) Xa A 
visitor, guest. — 2a^n entertainer, 
a host [perhaps for hos-pit-s ; 
akin to Sans, root ghas, " to 
eat"; p«t-o, "t;)8eek"]. 

bos-tis, tis, comm. gen. 
("The eating one"; hence, "a 
stranger or foreigner" enter- 
tained as a guest; hence) X. 
An enemy, orfoe, of one's coun- 
tiy.— 2a In collective force : 



VOCABULARY. 



1 sHii, "w oat ■■]. thtnf^ 

no,adv.[ri>rh- -■■ — ■-'-' ' -~ 



nut, f»f Uot r 



lino,adv. [Far boc. Bdverbto] i-dem, ilAea 
neoCaco. Bing. oriilc. "tbie"] ^nsdem; Ttac, i 



bam-binm, iaa, iknam, new is adrled respecili.„ „ , 

ndj. [coDlT. fr. liOinln-iiias ; fr. son or tbin^ alread7 named: 



onJilfr [akin to Gr. iii-ot]. "not": snurilB, "tnowine"] 

bOmli lee bamos. (;' NolVDoirln)r "; hmce) Witfi 

l>am-Id.ii«,Wa, Idam, adj. ■Gen. [5 laalor Gerund In di 

[hftm-so, ■■WbenwiBf'JJfoiB^, 15 l«, a] i TjawMiy. hm^ 

epithet orthe'sea; bo, Pindar karmiitg. 

baa iyoci oAt, and vy^' •■■Wyix. tKnls. in. m. ; 1. Pin.— a. 

btim-na, i. t.: 1. Tlu ^.ni [akin to Sana, njiti, 

jiTjuiwi.— Z. Adverbial Gen. of "fire"]. 

place [§ 111. B, ij: bttml, On l-ffnA-ro.riTi.r&tam.rire, 

tht gmtnil^mta xatk'ai," oa 1. v. a, fitir m-jfuA-m; ft. In. 

Byrt&oldeat EB.ni. ^m/ tmo; vhe-nee aorer: old fom 
Bfrlacut, i.e. Hipp&Aon QGr. mo-acu, "lo knoB-'J JIW to 

1-El>fitll>' fmSta. f(ii6tDm, 
X&slde>, te (Voc. I&stdi, adj. [Itor in.|riii>CnB i ft-. In, 

klQE of Atlcos, j. e. FalinlLrna *' known "J ^iti tnami. uat- 
[Gr. ■I=ari,c5, tiiHMi. 

Ibam, imperT, ind. otto, nex. illcis. m. Tii Mdm-ixik, 

■trike "] ('' A at'riking "( henee) Zli&ous,* *c», Icum ] 
A,lrete.iU^.eK. ntMS.MiB; seelllum. 

X<lB,ce, f. /ila; a mountain of Xliiuii.li, n. Ilium! anotbai 
Pbrypa, near Troy [Gr.'ia.]]. oame (br Troy^— at v. 281 the 

XaAU>ns, a. am, adj. o ofrio la not elided before tbs 
[Idftll-aorldill-nm, '-IdaliaiH- Tolloi'iDg vonel. but ig made 
Idalium," a mouniain-citr of ebnrt in imitation ot the Greek. 
OrpruB, BBcred to Venus] Of, — Henoe, a. Xli-Aoua, ica, 
or Mmt^insta, Jdaliaor IdaiiiiK'; icnm, adj. Of, or belo^ng la, 
lialiiiii. I TVi^; rrafua.— b. tl)-M, 

td-olro-o, adT, [id. neut. idia, f. A Tmjan wnon [Gr. 
aao. sinft- of is, ■■thai"; circa, I'Uior, "ibe citj of Una"— a 

fe-peci to'"] {"ibont, or in | ll-le. la. Ind (Gen. UllaB; 
nspect to, Uiat"i beuce) Oa dt. lili), pron. adj. [tbr ia-lej 



VOCABULARY. 



fir. it] Ttof.— Aa Sabtt. of all 
nnden and both nambera: 
Tkaiptrtei oiOungi in, tic, it; 
ikrif, oto. i M V. SM «upply 
(Unit wIUi ille. 

ll-IIdo, lut, neom. nd«rs,3. 
V. ■. [for in-lwlo : fr. In, ■' np. 
on "; Wo, " to «lrike or dash ''] 



rs 10«, a1. anon "; faenee, wiUi tbe aotiDn 

lllUf, perf. ind. of illldo. of tha place " whilher," rf-,. lo 

UHana, », am. P. porf, be menlaily eiippUed) 1. Of a 

paH. of lltido. pair uf bono in t, racing 

Ullie,ftdv, [adverbW nent, charioi: To Irl liKiK from the 

ofiUio,"tbat"perKiiii>rthtn|ii startlnK-nosl ;— Pnag, : Of the 

X. n> (tot pfaH, aUktr, etc - liorE«s : To ti lit fHw; io kav 

^.Imil-MiintHon.etc. Ui ittrd givm i H .tut cnnanb. 

Im-*n. tidnis, f. ("Tbat ;— a.Orntni! I'd 1<I 1i»h opon 

VblablmTlUH^i benceW>n». the horees' necks, i.e. to give 

i^ipunniafj Abitfr of a oHeaAed boraeB their beada ; — at -v. 669 

^. uii-Afui. toltnlute"]. I Pass. ^ lm-ml'tt«r, miwus 

ImlMr, bliB. m.:X.A t.an I anm. mittl. 
ral«,- d «■£/>■# fjlovrr { 

[akin to Or. SmAv^J, 



una, Im-mAtDi, mGta, macom, 

■(oirillftdi. [for in-mSum J ft-. In, 

l"nol^: motuB, "moved "11. 

'■■ocM, i^mootohU, fmfun^ai. 



mini eorpJlre ta Abl. of q 

Im-mKmor.Gen.nt^niGris. l/cwi, iiiipiir<,^.'fij. 
adj. [Ibr In-mimiir : Tr In , Im-pfid-lo.tvl «■ M.iCom, 
"nol^ iDlmor, ■■miijilful-l Ire, 1. T. a. [Ibrin-pM-Ioi ft-. 
With Gen. [| 1331 , l':mh.,\fA\\a, "in"; v*", pM-is, "the 
tnfiirgrifitl^: »f r-ra™i,rr.,i.,. foot "] l"To get iba foot In" 

im-manma, iiji-n.iL, mL>ii- eomethmg^ hence," to sba^kle," 
»oni, adj. [fbrln.mi-iism ; fr. (". ««.; bense) Towmnini, tncifWi. 
" not"; menins, " ini.>iL-uri^ii "] [ im-pella, pQll, pnlsam, 
(" Dnmeaauiml"; inn™! IV.J, pelWre, S. v, s. [tor In-felto; 

im-tnlsc'fio, mlKdi. ml«- drive''] IT To drive. IbAist," 



VOCABULARY. 

imaB, a, nm, Bnp o^. : 1 



Itn-plnco, 



igo, pigi. p 

V. a. [for [n-] 



'] WllSDot 
[§ 106, a] : To driei. or Auk, Aa 
ObJBCt againtt somethfng, 
Im-pius, pla, pliiiii, ndj. 

-" "■■^' V-] P» A, - "■" ' ' 



ifluB, " boly ' 

Im-pififl 






B, [Ibrlii-pfcoi fr! 



yar;, or loKom, i^ [hU which ii 
repreaenlfld by the aubft t. tc 
whtcliitiainaccrlbntion. (^ 



)r In-pWoi fr, b. On, lyioji; see Tv. 180, Ul 

._, _ ,..., ntlvB'' rorcB i I S78,— o. Of ploUung, or any 

pl»o,"tofiH"l 1. ToiW(mm-;thmB, in which a pcraon oi 
Birftiy or e«lirrlv. — ±. With : thing ia: J«. «i«; yv. 37, «» 
Abl. [§ 1 1ti, i] : To fill uD, make —2. Wilh Ace ; a. /ato.—Ii 
;■!»> fiifl Pi//*.— ftiBS, : Im- Om ••!»•<.-«. Toiranl..— a. O 



J— .1, pSaftam, ; lug to, i^ftrr.—e. Of xba peraoni 

pSDire, ». V. a. [for in-pOno i ft', i or things smoogBt whom any 
In. "upon"i p6no, "to put "J thing ia divided : Utr, nniono- 
("To place, or pnl, upon" i ■ f. To rtenole purpose, */c..- Hi 
hence) To tl, auiga, or iml, i /or .— in Tcrlie™, ftr Wobi, i e 



Impftslkl, p 



rf. ind. of li 



Imp real as, a, nm, I 

pert. paaa. of impilmo. 
Im-pr Imo. preasi.preaan m 

.^°n"l- n 'n "^'prtmr'" t 

""1 ('VTo pre^fl upon" 

To /=™., or »^S<. b. 



k; 



primor, pnsanB Bum, primi. 

Im-prdDufl, prOba, prOh- 
om. a((i. [for in-prSbuH; tt. 
In, "not"; prfibua, ■■good": 
(" Not good, Iffld : hencej 
AAOHi^ffu, lA^ni^fpf, pi/*, bate. 

1m-pubea,i9Biid«ris, aiU. 
[for in-pabesi ft. In. '■not'*; 
pubss grown ap, of ripe 
a«B"] ("Not BuiM"; hence) 

jBijrwiiperf. iad.of Impallo. 



applying th 
igoronal^ v. H7. 






Inftnli, 
In-cSdOfCes! 

■'togiigrrop 



Inoend-luDi, li, n, [i 



JIaaralio,. 
In-oeu-da, c 



■j^tirniS! 



VOCABULARY 



79 



pass, of incendo;— at y. 066 
Bupply esse with incensas. 

inoep-tum, ti, n. [for in- 
cap-tum; fir.intilplov ** tobe^ln/' 
tkroagfa trne root incap] (" A 
becinning"; hence) !■ ^wtcnder- 
taJnnff, uttempt. — 2a A design^ 
purpo$e. 

inoeptiu, a, mn, P. x>erf. 
pass. ofiDcIplo. 

in-oertuSf certa, certnm, 
acU- [In, "not"; certas, *' sure"] 
Ifot $ure, uneertaiHt doubtful. 

in-oXpXOff cepi, ceptum, 
clp^re, 3. V. a. [for in-cipio : 
fir. In, •* in"; c&pto, " to take "] 
('• To take in " hand, etc. ; 
hence) To hegin^ commence, under- 
take, $et about. — Pass. : in- 
oXpXorg^ceptos enm, cipi. 

lil-OludOff clusi, ciusmn, 
ciad«re, 3. v. a. [In. "in": 
cludo (= claudo), *^to shut"] 
To thwt in or m£; to enclose. 
— Pass, r in-oludOFf clusus 
sum, cludi. 

inolusus, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of includo. 

inouinbeiuif ntis, P. pres. 
of Incnmbo. 

in-oumbOf c&btLl, no sup., 
cumbdre, 3. v. n. [In, ••npon "; 
obsol. cumbo, "to lie down"] 
(" To lie down npon "; hence) 
With Dat. [§ 106, oj : To lean 
upon: — incumbere remis, (fo lean 
upon the oar$; i.e.) to ply the 
oara vigorouely or gtoutly, v. 16. 

in-OurvOy cnrvavi, cnrv- 
ft tarn, curvare, 1. v. a. [In, 
•• without force " ; curvo, " to 
bend "] To bend. 

i-ii*de, adv. [probably ftr. 
pronominal root i. with n, epen- 
thetic ; de, suffix] (" From 
that" thing; hence) In time: 
Aiier that, after thie, in the next 
pfaee, then. 

in-deprensuSi deprensa, 
ddprensam, adj. [for in-de- 
pirend-sus; Cr. In, "not"; de- 



?rend-o," to discover, observe"] 
TndUcovered, unobaerced. 

in^-Aleo. dizi, dictum, dic- 
Sre, 3. V. a. [to, in " augment- 
ative" force; dico, "to say"; 
hence, " to declare "] To pro- 
claim, announce, appoint. 

indigrnaas, ntis, P. pres. 
of irdiguor. 

in-dignor, dlgnatus sum. 
dignari, 1. v. dep. [In, "not* ; 
dignor, " to deem worlhy "J 

i" To deem unworthy"; hence) 
La To be indignant or displeased ; 
to be angry. — 2. Act. : To 
disdain, despise, think lightly 

of- 

in-ddm-ltus, Ita, Itum, 
adj. [In, "not"; ddm-o, "to 
tame "] (" Untamed " ; hence) 
That cannot be cheeked or re- 
strained; uugooernable. 

in-duob« duxl, ductnm, 
ducSre, 3. v. a. [In ; dQco, " to 
lead "] 1. [In, " into "] (" To 
lead into " ; hence) Mentally : 
To induce, persuade, move, etc. — 
2a [In, "upon"] ("To lead 
npon " ; hence) With Dat. 
[§ 106, a] : To put something on 
the hands, etc. ; v. 379. 

induotuSf P. perf. pass, 
of induco. 

in-dtio, dtii, dutam, dfidre, 
3. V. a.: 1. To put into.—^. 
Pass, in reflexive force : To 
put one's self into, i. e. to put on, 
to clothe or arm one's self with. 
—Pass. : iD-dtlor,d(itus sum, 
dtti [akin to Gr. iv-Svu']. 

indutus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, ofind&o. 

Xn-60y ivi or li, Itum, ire, 
V. a. [In, " into "; 6o, " to go "J 
(" To go into "; hence) 1. Of an 
employment, etc.: To enter upon, 
uuderlake, discharge. — 2a To 
enter into, take part in, — 3a To 
enter upon, begin, commence. 

in-mustus, fausta, fanst- 
um, adj. [In, "not"; faustus^ 



8o 



VOCABULARY. 



" fortunate "] Unfortunate, un- 
luchf, ill-omened. 

infeotus, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of inf Iclo. 

in-felix, felicis. adj [In, 
"not"; lelix, " h:.ppy "] ("Not 
felix'*; hence) Unhappy, un- 
fortunate, muterable. — As Sabst. 
ni. : An unhappy, or unfortunate^ 
one or man ; v. 465. 

in-fen-saSi sa, snm, adj. 
(" Striking or wounding " ; 
hence) Hostile, inimical [tor in • 
feud-Bus ; fr. In, in " augment- 
ative*' force; obsol. fend-o = 
br. 0eV-fu ; see infestus at end]. 

infer-nus, na. num. adj. 
[infer, " below "] (** 'I'hat is, or 
lies, below"; heuce) Of, or be- 
lofijing to, the low^r world. 

in-f6ro. t&li, (il)-latnm, 
ferre, v. a. [In, "in or into"; 
fSro, •• to bring "] (" To bring 
into " a place ; hence) 1. With 
Personal pron. in reflexive 
force : ("To bring one's self 
into"; i. e.) With acces ory 
notion of haste : To betake one'tt 
itelf, etc., in haute, — 2a To gioe, 
pay, render, offer. 

inferrem, imperf. subj. of 
inffiro. 

in-fes-tus, ta, torn, adj. 
("Striking against"; hence) 
1. 2ro«/»Ze .*— infesta tela, hos- 
tile weapoM, i. e. couched 
lances, or lances in rest. — 2. 
IkmgerouM [prob. for in-fe(n)d- 
tos ; fr. In, " against "; ob- 
solete fe(n)d-o, akin to Gr. Biv- 
M, BtLv-m, " to strike"]. 

in-f iclo, feci, fectom, f Ic- 
ere, 3. V. a. [for in-f&cloi fr. In, 
*• in "; f&cio, " to make "J (" To 
make" to be or go "in"; 
hence, *'to dip in"; hence, as 
a result) To dye, stain, tinge. — 
Pass.: iii-floior,feetu8sum, 
lici. 

in-flrOff fixi, fizum. figure, 
8. V. a. [In. *' ittto "; figo, " to 



^; 



fix"] Tojlx, or drive, into; to 
remain, or stick, fast in. — Pass. : 
in-n«ror, fixus sum, flgi. 

in-llndOv fidi, fissum, find- 
fire, 3. V. a. [In, "without 
force"; Qndo, ^*to cleave"! 
"To cleave, divide"; hence/ 
"V) make by cleaving : — inflndero 
sulcos, to make, or plougk up, 
furrows in the sea, v. Ii2. 

inflt, V. def. He, etc., begins. 

intlractus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of infringo. 

in-flringro, fregi, fractnm, 
fringSre, 3. v. a. [for in-frango j 
fr. In, " without force "; frango, 
"to break"] ("To break"; 
hence) To break, weaken, soften, 
turn, etc., in purpose, etc. — 
Pass.: in-ftinffor, fractos 
sum, fringi. 

in-ftmdOv fudi, fusum, 
fttndfire, 3. v. a. [in. " upon "; 
fundo, "to pour"] 1. To pour 
upon or on. — 2* To spread over. — 
Pass.: in-fandor,fudiissum, 
fundi 

tnfusas, a, xmi, P. perf. 
pass, of infundo. 

iogrdmlnans, ntis, P. pres. 
of ingfimlno. 

in-grdmlnOff gfimlnavi, 
gSmlnatum, gfimlnare, I. v. a. 
and n. [In, in "augmentative" 
force; gfimlno, "to double"] 
Xa Act. : To redouble, repeat, re- 
iterate. — 2a Neut. : To be re- 
doubled, to increase, etc. 

in-grens, gentis, adj. [in, 
"not"; gens, **a race or kind "J 
("That is not of its race or 
kind"; hence) 1. Vast, immense, 
huge. — 2a Great, mighty. 

lii.g^r6dioi% gressus sum, 
gr6di, 3. v. dep. [for in-gr&dlor ; 
fr. In, "withont force"; gr&d- 
lor, "to step"] ("To step"; 
hence) To advance; to go, walk, 
or move along. 

iii-liorreo9horr&i,no sup., 
horrere, 2. v. n. [In, " without 



VOCABULARY, 



8i 



force •*; horrfo, in force of " to 
tremble, rfmdder"] To tremble 
or have a tremuloiu motion j to 
ahuddeTj qtUver. etc. 

Xn-liospitas, hoeplta, 
faospltum, adj. fin, "in-"; hos- 
pltos, "hospitable"] Inkofpit- 
abfe. 
Xnlbo, fat. ind. of Into. 
In-imionSf In^ca, In^mn, 
a^j. [for In-ftmicns; fr. In, 
•not''; taQicuB, "fWendly"] 
Unfriendly, hoetiU. 

in-iqiias, iqna, Iqnum, adj. 
[for In-8Bqau8 ; ft*. In, " not " ; 
fl^qnos, " favourable "3 Un- 
jitttourtMble, €tdver»e. 

in-neoto, nexiii, nexnm, 
nec:^re, 3. v. a. [In, " without 
force"; necto, '''to tie"] To 
bind, tie, fatten ; - at v. 611 with 
Dat. [§ 106, a], and also with 
Ace. of "Eespect" [§ 100] after 
P. perf. pass.— Pass. : in- 
nec(tor« nexus sum, necti. 

inneztiif perf. ind. of in- 
necto. 

innezns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of innecto. 

in-nozXaSf noxia, noxlum, 
adj. [In, "not"; noxlus, "hurt- 
ful"] Not hurtful, harmU»t. 

ZnOff us, f. Ino ; daughter of 
Cadmus, wife of Ath&mas king 
of Thebes, mother of L^archus 
and Mellcerta. Being pursued 
by her husband, who iiad be- 
come raving mad, she threw 
herself with Melicerta into the 
sea, whereupon they were both 
changed into sea-deities. Mcli- 
c*»rta was called by the Greeks 
Palaemon, by the Romans 
Portunus. — Honce,Zn-ou8,da, 
oum, adj. Of, or belonging to, Ino. 
in-dpin-uSf a, um, adj. 
[In, •• not"; 6pin-or, " to think'^] 
(" Not thought of"; hence) Un- 
expected. 

Inqulo (Inqaam)t V. de- 
fect. To »ug. 



In-sSquor* sdqnutus sum, 
sPqui, 3. V. dep. [In, " after, 
close upon"; s^quor, "to fol- 
low "] 1. With Dat. [§ 106, a] : 
To follow after or close upon. — 
2a With Ace. : With accessory 
notion of hostility : To follow 
after, pttrnte. 

In-sigii-ls, e. adj. [In, 
"upon"; Bi^n-ura. "amaik"j 
("That has a mark upon it"; 
hence) Hemarkable, digiiuguiah* 
ed, etc. 

In-sdno, sdn&i, no sup., 
86nare, 1. v. n. [In, in " aug- 
mentative" force; s6no, "to 
sound "] (" To Bound loudly or 
aloud "; hence) To make a loud 
sound .— insdnai e flagello, to 
make a loud aound with a whi^', 
i. e. to crack a whip loudlv. 

In-sonSf sontis, adj. [In, 
"not"; sons, " guilty "] 6uUt- 
IcM, innocent. 

Insdntki, perf. ind. of in- 
»56no. 

instanSi ntis, P. pres. of 
insto. 

in-Staur-Ov avi, atnm, are, 
1. v. a. f" To make to stand "; 
hence, to repair "; hence) Of 
religious rites, etc. : To renew, 
repeat, celebrate afreeh, perform 
over again [In, " without force "; 
STAUB, akin to sta, root of sto, 
"to stand"; like Gr. mnvp-oi, 
"a pale"; and Sans, stdvar-a, 
"fixed, stable," Irom root 
stha], 

in-Stlgr-Of avi, fitnm, are, 
1. v. a. (" To prick, or goad "; 
hence) To stir up, stimulate, 
urge on, etc. [In, "without 
force "; root stig, akin to Gr. 
arista ( = o-Tiy-o-ce), " to prick "]. 
In-stOf no perf. nor sup., 
stare, 1. v. n. [In, "ujwn"; sto, 
"to stand"] ("To stand up- 
on"; hence) With Dat. [§ 106, 
a] : To press hard, or close, upon ; 
to be verg near to. 

G 



82 



VOCABULARY. 



in-str&Ov stmxl, stractom, 
BtrtLdre, 3. v. a. pn, ** without 
force"; sirtt>, ^*to build"] 
(*• To build, erect"; hence) To 
prepare^ get ready. 

instmxlv perf. ind. of in- 
sti'Ao. 

In-sttOy Biii, Biitum, siidre, 
3. V. a. [In, "into"; stio, "to 
sew"] To $ew into somethiaf;^. 
— Pajas. : in-stkorf sutus sum, 
Btti. 

insurgrens, ntis, P. pres. 
of iuBurgo. 

In-surgrOf Burrexi, surrec- 
tnm, Burf^re, 3. v. n. [In, 
"up"; Burgo, "to rise"] 1. 
To riae up, rcUte one's self up. — 
2. With Dat. [§ 106, a]: Of 
rowers: To rite up from their 
seat to the oars in order to p^ve 
greater impetus to them ; to put 
forth the whole etrength to, to ply 
vifforotuly. 

Insutas, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of ins&o. 

in-tendOy tendi, tentum 
and tensum, tendSre, 3. v. a. 
[In, "without force"; tendo, 
**to stretch or bend"] 1. To 
stretch forth or oiut; to extend. — 
a. With Abl. : To fumieh, or 
provide, with something by 
scretching oat.— Pass. : in- 
tendor« tentus sum, tendi. 

intentuiy a» nm: 1. P. 
perf. pass, of intendo. — 2. Pa. : 
Jiager, intent, attentivriy wateh- 
ing. 

inter, prep. gov. ace : 1. 
Between. — Z. Among, amidaf, in 
the midst of. — 3. Of time : Dwr- 
ing, in the course q/:— 4. Of per- 
sons: Among, toi^A.— inter se, 
among themselves, Le. one with 
another, mutually. 

into rdum, adv. Sometimes. 

int6r*6ay adv. [for inter- 
eam; fr. inter, "between"; 
earn, ace. sing. fem. of is, 
'*that "J (" Between that " and 



something else; hence) Of 
time : Meanwhile, in the mean 
time. 

intdr-lor, loa, comp. a^ 
fobsol. intfir-us, " within *T 
Inner, on the inner side, nearer 
in. 

in-terr-itus, tta, Itum, 
adj. [In, "not"; terr-«o, "to 
frighten "1 1. Ifot frightened, 
undismayed, undaunted. ~t^ Of 
vessels : Unobstructed, not hind- 
ered, by accidents, etc. 

inter-Tall-um, i, n. 
[inter, " between *'; vaU-nm, 
**the mound" of acamp] (" That 
which is between the vallum " 
and the soldiers' tents ; hence) 
In space : Space between, di- 
stance, interval ;^v. 320, ending 
with intervallo, is a Spondaic 
line, i. e. has a Spondee as the 
fifth foot. 

in-tezo, texOi, textum, tex- 
§re, 3. V. a. [In, •' into "; texo, 
" to weave "j (** To weave into, 
to interweave"; hence) To em^ 
broider. — Pass. : in^tezor* 
textus sum, texi. 

inteztus, a» urn, P. perf. 
pass, of intexo. 

in-tr6mOv tr^mtd, no sup., 
trSmdre, 3. v. n. [In, " without 
force"; trSmo, "to tremble"] 
To tremble, quiver, shake. 

intr6mai| perf. ind. of in- 
trftmo. 

in->tr*0, &vi, atom, are, 1. 
V. a. (" To step within "; hence) 
To enter [prob. In, " into, with- 
in"; root TBI., akin to root 
TBI, " to step beyond "]. 

in-valXdus, v&llda. v&Ud- 
um, adj. [In, "not"; villdus,; 
" strong "J (" Not validus " 
hence) Weak, feeble. 

invectus, a, um, P. x>erf. 
pass, of invfiho. 

in-v61lo, vexi, vectum, 
v6h6re, 3. v. a. [In, "upon"; 
vSho, " to carry ''J (" To carry 



VOCABULARY. 



83 



»»- 



iipon ": hence) Pass. : With 
Aol. : Xa To 6e earrveA on board 
qfA ship, to anil sn.— 2. To be 
carried, or ride, on a horse. — 
Pass.: lfl»Tdllori vectus sum, 
T«hi. 

tn-VldftO, vldi, visnm, vld- 
ere, 2. v. a. and n. [In, in *' aug* 
mentative ** force ; vldfio, " to 
look at "1 (" To look at or to- 
wards "1 hence, with accessorv 
notion of malevolence, '* (o look 
malidonsly at"; hence) With 
Dat. : To envjf, feel envy at, be 
enoiomeqf. 

lirridiy perf. ind. ofinvlddo. 

tnrltOy avi, atom, are, 1. 
T. a. (" To invite" a person to 
come to, or into, a place ; hence) 
X« To invite aperson to do, etc., 
something. — Za Totempt, allure, 
attract, etc., the mind. 

Zdn-Xus, la, lum, a^j. [Ton- 
es, **The tones," the early 
Greek inhabitants of the conn- 
tiry on ttie shores of the Ckirinth- 
ian Gulf"! ("Of, <»- belong- 
ing to, the lonee**; hence) 
Ionian .—an epithet of the sea 
bathing the W. shores of Greece, 
and separating them fh>m those 
of Sicily and 8. Italy. 

i-pse, psa, psnm (Gren. ips- 
ins; Dat ipsi), pron. dem. [for 
is-pse; f^. is; suffix pse] ("The 
very person or thing" men- 
ttonea; hence) -8e(f, very , — at 
T. 323 ipso belongs to quo, an4 
imparts to it greater emphasis 
or distinction. — AsSubst. Masc. 
of aU persons and both numr 
bers : I, etc., myeelf. 

Ira* 8B, f. Anger, wrath, rage. 

Ire, pres. inf. of do. 

ZrlSy Idis (Aoc. Irim, v. 
606), f. Irie; a daughter of 
ThaumasandElectra,ue swift- 
footed messenger of the celest- 
ial deities, esp. of Juno [Gr. 
•Ipif. " Speaker "1. 

lr-r6m6a-biiiSt bile, 

G 



adj. [Tor in-rfimU-bHis ; tr. In. 
"not^'; r6m»(a)-o, to return "J 
From which one cannot return. 

lr-rid6o, risi, rlsum, rid- 
«re, 2. V. a. [for in-rtd*o ; ft*. In, 
"at"; rid6o, "to laugh"] To 
laugh at, ridicule, etc. — Pass. : 
Ir^riddorf risus sum, rideri. 

IrrisaSff a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of irriddo. 

ii^ritus, rita, xltom, adj. 
[for in-rfttus; fr. In, "uot*^: 
r»tus, "ratifle4"] ("Not rati- 
fied"; hence, "ofnoeffbct"j 
hence) Of persons: That doee 
not effect, or attain, onp'e olyect f 
in vain, to no purpo$e. 

is, 6a, id, pron. dem. [pro- 
nominal root ij Thie, that, per- 
son or thing just mentioned. — 
As Subst : a. ^ng. : (a) Masc. : 
Ifc— (b) IJeut. : Jt.—hm Plur. : 
(a) Masc. : Thoee just mentioned : 
theg.—{h) Neut. : Thoae thinge 
[akin to Sans, pronominal roo| 

Zsm&r^Xas, la, lum, a^j. 
[Ism&r-us or Ismftr-a, " I^mar- 
us or Tsmara," a monntaiif. 
of Thrace] (" Of, or belonging 
to, ^marus; Isip^iian^'; hence) 
Thraeian, 

is-te, ta, tud (Gen. istlns; 
pat. isti), proif. dem. [is, " this, 
that"; demonstr. suffix tej 
Thi*, or that, person or thing. 

It, 3. pjors. sing. pres. iifd. Qf 
(So. 

Xta, adv. Thue, in thie way or 
manner ; - at y. 382 » tuf allows , 
jn the following vav, etc. [akin 
to 8ans. t«, " thus 'H. 

Zt&l-Xa, 18B. f.- Italv; ^, 
country of S. Kurop^.— Hence, 
Zt&l-a«v a, um, adj. Cf, or 
belonging to, Ital^ ; Italian. — As 
Subst. : Zl^iff drum, m. nlur. 
The people of Italy, the ItaUiane 
[ace. to some ft*. iroAo?, " a bull," 
in reference to its breed of cat- 
tle, which was considered ex- 

2 



84 



VOCABULARY, 



cellent; aoc. to others fir. a 
man named Italos]. 
Xt&luSy a, um ; see Tt&Ua. 
X-ter, tlneris, n. [fo, *'to 
go," throngh root i] (" The act 
of going "; hence) 1. ^ way^ 
path, road, etc. — 2. A course, 
vojfoge by sea.— 3* Of birds: 
Course, Jliffkt, way through the 
air. 

it6r-uin, alv. ("Beyond 
this, farther "; hence) J new, 
afresh, a second time, again [akin 
to Sans, ifara, "other"]. 

XuluS) i, m. lulus ; another 
name for Asc&Qtus, the son of 
^neas. The Julian family at 
Rome claimed descent n*om 
him [Gr. "lovAo*, " Dovrn "]. 

Jft-c6o, ctLi, cltum, cere. 2. 
V. n. ("To be made to go"i 
hence, effect for cause) Xm To 
lie anywhere. — 2. To lie jm)- 
straie or at one's length [akin 
to Sans, root ta, " to "go "J. 

J&cXOf jeci, jactum, j&cgre, 
3. V. a, [akin to jicSoJ ("To 
cause to go "; hence) 1. To caxt, 
throw.— ^ Of walls : To build, 
erect, etc.— Pass. : j&cXor, 
jactus sum, j&cL 

Jaotans, ntis, P. pres. of 
jacto. 

Jao*to, tavi, tatum, tare. 1. 
V. a. intens. Cj&c-Io, " to throw "] 
To keep throwing, to toss about, 
etc.— Pass. : Jao-tOFi tatus 
suni, tan. 

Jaotki, perf. ind. of j&cSo. 

j&oai-am, i, n. [j&cU-us, 
"cast"] ("The cast thing";! 
hence) A javelin, dart, miseUe. \ 

jam, adv. [prob. = eam, ace. i 
sing. fem. of is, " this, that "] ■ 
Xm At this time, at present, now. — 
^m Already. — 3a With nec: And 
no more, and no longer, etc. 

Jam-dudum, adv. [jam, 
" at that time"; dudum, ''some 
time since"] ("At that time 
some time smce"; hence) !• 



A long time since, ago, or pre- 
viously. — 2. With pres. to in- 
dicate that the existing state, 
etc., of the verb began long 
since : {Is and has been) for 
this long time past. 
JdVis, gen. of Jupiter. 
lube. pres. imperat. of jiibfo. 
Jtkb^Of jussi, jussum, jiibere* 
2. V. a. To order, commandy bid. — 
Pass.: Jtk1>dorf jussas sum, 
jttberi. 

jtigr-am, i, n. liwago, "to 
^oin," through root Ji/oJ (" Tho 
joining thing " ; hence, " a 
yoke for draught animals; 
hence) A pair, or team, of horse* , 
etc., yoked together. 

junctus, a, um, P. perC 
pass, of jungo. 

jangro, junxi , .innctmn jnng- 
?ro, 3. V. a. : Xa To join, unite. — 
^, To bind, fie, or fasten toaether. 
— 3a a* Of draught-ammals: 
To yoke, or harness, together. — 
b. Of ships' prows : (" To yoke 
together"; t. e.) To make even 
or level with each other -.-^ 
junctis frontibuH, with prows 
abreast, v. 167.— Pass. : Juni- 
or, jnnctos sum, jungi [akin 
toGr. ^vy, rootof ceiryw/M.t; and 
to Sans, root yujJ. 

^U-nOy nonis, f. Juno; the 
daughter of Saturn and wife 
of Jupiter. In tiie Trojan war 
she was a strong supporter of 
the Greeks [akin to Jupiter]. 

7u->piter, Gen. Jdvis, m. 
(" Heaven's father") Jitprter; a 
son of Saturn, and mythic king 
of the heathen celestial deities 

takin to Sans, dyu, " heaven "; 
iSt p&ter, "father"]. 
Jura, plur. of ins. 
ju-S, ris, n. ("That which 
binds " morally ; hence) Plur. : 
Laws, ordinances [akin to Sans, 
root Yu, " to bind"]. 

jussl, perf. ind. of jtlbSo 
seealbo jussus. 



VOCABULARV. 



85 



Jns-snin* ri, n. [for jnb- 
sum; fr. jtlb-«o, "to order"] 
(**A thinK ordered"; hence) 
An order, command, 

Jnssns, a, urn, P. perf. 
pasB. of jflWo ;— at V. 834 supply 
sant with jussi. 

Jtkvenc-ns, i, m. [j^^^c- 
ns, "yorniK"] Of cattle: A 
young oulloeh, a tteer. 

jav6ll-nis,ile, a4j. ntiven. 
is, " a youth "] Of, or belonging 
tOf a youth ; youthful. 

1. JftTdn-iSf is, adj. comm. 
gen. Young, youthful. — As 
Bubst. : A young perton; young 
wan between seventeen and 
forty-flve or forty-six years of 
age [akin to Sans, yuvan, 
•* young"!. 

2. JuTenis, is ; see 1. jftvfo- 
is. 

JtkTen-ta, tsB, f. {jtiven-lB, 
" young "] (" 1 he state of the 
fuvefna^; nence) Youth. 

Jftven-tas, tntis, f. [id.] 
("The state of the juvenU"; 
nence) Youth, i. e. at vv. 134, 
655, ^tung men, young person*. 



IsLbens, ntis, P. pres. of 2. 
labor. 

lft1>-09 avi, &tum, are, 1. v. n. 
[akin to 2. labor] To totter, to be 
uneteoffy, etc. 

1. lab-or(lftbos),dris, m. 
(** The act of acquiring or tak- 
ing "; hence) !■ Labour, toil. — 
2« Sard$hip, fatigue, etc. [akin 
to Sans, root la.bh, "to ac- 
quire "; Gr. Ao^, root of Xofitfi)- 
aim, " to take "]. 

2. labor, lapsus sum, labi, 
3. T. dep. : \m To glide, or 
glide onwardn. — 2 a To flip, 
or fall, down on the ground, 
etc. , — at V. 329 applied to Nieus 
slipping and falling in the 
foot-race ;— at v. 181 applied 
to JLenoetes slipping &om the 



deck and falMng overboard 
[akin to Sans.root laub, **to 
fall "1. 

l&bSrrlntlias, i. m. (" A 
labyrinth "; t. e. a large build- 
ing containing numerous cham- 
bers or compartments, each of 
which opened by several doors 
into difierent passages winding 
in all directions. It was con- 
structed with the design of 
causing a person who had once 
entered it to wander backwards 
and forwards out of one com- 
partment into another, and to 
become so involved in the 
intricate mazes of the place, as 
to have no probable chance of 
escape.— At v. 588 Virgil refers 
to) The labyrinth built by 
Daedalus for Minos, king of 
Crete, and in 'V^rhich the Mino- 
taur, a mythic monster, half- 
man and half-bull, was con- 
fined [Gr. XapvpivBo^l. 

lao, lac-tis, m. Milk; as that 
which is drawn fh>m the udder, 
etc., by rubbing or stroking : — 
lacte novo, v. 77. Abl. of 
quality [§ 126, a] [akin to 
Sans, root mt»ij, "to stroke"; 
cf. Gr. yaAa, yd-Aorr-o?]. 

lftC-er,Sra, drum, adj. ("Bit- 
ten"; hence) 7'orn, mangled, 
maimed, mutilated [akin to Gr. 
BaK'Vut; Sans, root dac, "to 
bite"]. 

l&certUS, i, m. : 1. The 
upper arm. — Z. The arm gener- 



ally. 
1&C-4 



esso, esslvi or essfi, 
esBitum, essSre, 3. v. a. ("'To 
bite eagerly, to mangle '* ; 
hence, "to assault, assail"; 
hence) Of a fight as Object: 
To provoke, urge on, engage in 
[akin to Gr. Bajc-vu ; Sans, root 
VAQ ; see l&cer]. 

lacrXma, so (old form dacrY- 
ma), f. ("The biting thing"; 
hence) A tear [akin to Gi^. Baxp- 



86 



VOCABULARY, 



V. " a tear," and Sans, root da9 ; 
Bee l&cer]. 

laorimans, ntis, P. pres. 
of lacrlmo. 

lacrlm-o, fivi, fitnm, are, 

1. V. n. [lacrtm-a, " a tear"] To 
shed team, weep. 

ISBtnSf a, um, adj. Jwful, 
jojfouBf rejoieiiiff [akin to Sans, 
root LAB, " to shine, delight "3- 

Iseirai ee ; Ise^a, omm ; see 

IfflVUS. 

Iseir-iis, a, nm, adj. Left, 
i. e. on the left side. — As t^ubst. : 
a. l80Va. te, f. The left han I 
or side. — ^D* ISBVaf 6ram, n. 
plnr. The places on the left, the 
left-hand places or side; v. 825. 

lapsnSf a, nm» P. perf. of 

2. labor. 

XiariTold form J»tLB), Xi&ris, 
m. ("The shining one") A 
Lar; i. e. a tutelary deity of a 
hoose or city [akin to Sans, 
root LAS, " to shine "]. 

Iftt-e, adv. [lan-us, " wiie"] 
(•'After the manner of the 
tUtts "; hence) Widely ^ far and 
videj extensioely. 

latebr^dsuSf 5sa, bsom, 
adj> [l&tebr-a, "a hiding- 

Jilace *n Of a rock : Full qf 
iding-plaees i affording many a 
hiding-place. 

lftt-6o, ai, Itam, ere, 2. v. n.: 
Xa To he, or lie, hid ; to be con- 
cealed. — 2» To escape notice or 
c^tservation ; tohe unlcnown [akin 
tu koB, root of kavBavio}. 

Zifttinly 5nim ; XisitinuSy 
a, nm ; see L&tXum. 

Ztfttlanifli, n. Laiium (now 
Campagna di Roma, and a part 
of the Terra di Lavord) ; a coun- 
try of Italy, in which Rome 
was situate. — Hence, Xi&t- 
Inus (contr. fr. L&tl-ina8),ina, 
Innm, adj. Of, or belonging to^ 
Latium ; Latin. — As subst. : 
Zi&tiniy drum, m. plur. The 
Latins, 



latra-tas, ids, m. [l&tr(a)- 
o, •• to bark "] A barking, bark, 
of dogs. 

1. latuSf a, am, ad|. Broad, 
wide [akin to 6r. irAarvf ; Sans. 
pjrithu^. 

2. l&tas,erU,n. ("The ex- 
tended thing"; hence) A side 
[prob. akin to 1. llUia83. 

Xiaurens, ntis, a^j. [Tor 
Laurent-s ; fc. Laurent-um, 
" Laurentum" (now " Torre <li 
Patemo"); a maritime town 
of Latium between Ostia an^l 
Lavinium] Of, or belonging to. 
Laurentum; Laurenfian. 

laurus, i and as, f. : 1. ^4 
laurel- tree, laurel. — 2. A laurel' 
branch.— 3m A laurel- ssreath, a 
laurel-eroum. 

lauSf laudis, f. : !• Praise, 
commendation. — 2f A praise- 
worthy, glorious, or nobhs deed 
[prob. akin to 6r. icAv-u; an<l 
to Sans, root 9bu, " to hear "; 
and so, " that which one hears ** 
of one's self, in a good sense^. 

laxarant, for laxavdrantv 
3. pers. plur. plaperf. ind. of 
ia^o. 

laz->0,avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[lax-us, •• loose"] (" To loosen"; 
hence) 1. Of sleep as Subject: 
To relax; to render weak, feeble, 
or powerless. — 2a Of persona 
yielding to sleep as Subject : To 
relax, unbend. 

16beSf etis (Ace. Plnr. 
ISbetas, y. 266), m. A caldron, 
or pot, for cooking [Gr. Ae'^i^]. 

leotnSf a, nm : la P. perf. 
pass, of Idgo. — 2a Pa. : Chosen, 
picked, select. 

ISffOy legi, lectum, ISgdre, 
3. V. a: la To collect or gather. 
— 2a To choose, select.— Pass. : 
Idgror, lectus sum, Idgi [6r. 
Aey w], 

len-tnSf ta, turn, adj. 
V* Embracing " ; hence) 1« 
T«nacious,fast-holding.—^m Slow 



VOCABULARY. 



87 



[akin to Sans, root Lii^o, "to 
embrace "J, 
160t oms, m. A lion [Gr. 

XietliflDas, a, am; see 

Leth§. 

(XiStb^yes, f. £4>^Af, a river 
of the lower world, the waters 
of which oansed forgetfalneBs. 
— Hence) &etli-8Ba9t ea, 
eenm, adj. "Of, or belonfpu{< 
to, Lethd*'; hence) Produdng 
forgdfuXnu* or tleepinasB ,- 
LHkean [Aii^, ** Forgetftdness, 
ObUvion "J. 

Id-tuin (-tlmiii), ti, n. 
(*' That which melts or di8< 
solves " ; hence) Duwlution, 
death [akin to Gr. o-A«-0p<K, 
** destraction " ; Sans, root lI, 
" to melt "J. 

IdTfttaSf a, um, P. perf. 
•poM. of levo. 

1. 16v-is, e, adj. : 1. Light, 
iwip^Jleet.—^, Of sleep : Jjight, 
mud, geniU [akin to Gr. c-Aax- 
v« ; also to Sans, highu]. 

2. IS^-iSye, adj. : 1. Smooth. 
— 2a Polithed. — 3. Slippery [Gr. 
Acif-o«3* 

lSv*0,avi, atnm, &re, I. v. a. 
Cl§v-is, " smooth "J (" To make 
smooth " ; hence) To make 
br^ht, to poluh.—Fasa. : lev- 
or, atns sum, &ri. 

lilNUlS, ntis, P. pres oflibo. 

libOy avi, atara, are, 1. v. a. 
(" To take"; hence, with acces- 
sory notion of the purpose for 
which a thing is taken) 1. Of 
wine, etc., lor religious pur- 
poses : To take and pour out in 
honour of a deity; to make a 
libation of.—^m To take a portion 
qf, to tante. 

libr^Of avi, &tum, are, 1. v. a. 

Cibr-a, " a balance "J (" To 
fiance or poise " ; hence, as 
that which is balanced, etc., is 
easily set in motion) To da$h, 
launch, hurly eto. 



Ziibjf-ciis, ca, cum, ai^. 
[LibJ-a, " Libya "; a countiy 
of Ahica] Cf, or belonging to, 
Libya; JMtgan; African. 

tiXbystes, ma, f. adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Libya, a country 
of Africa ; Libyan, African [Gr. 

Alflt/OTtc]. 

lic6o« fli, itum, fire, 2. v. n. 

To be allowed or permitted ; to be 
allovabU. — Rarely found in any 
other form than 3rd pers. sing., 
and in impersonal construction ; 
—at V. 82 the Subject of llcfiit 
is the clause fines . . . Tybrim 
[§ 167] ; so, at v. 360 the Subject 
of llcfiat is the clause me casus 
misercri insontis amici; of., 
also, w. 796, 797. 

li-men* minis, n. [for lig- 
men ; ft:, llg-o, ** to tie or bind "] 
(" That which ties or binds "; 
hence, "the connecting tim- 
ber" of a door-way, whether 
above or below; hence) !• A 
till or threehold. — 2* The barrier, 
or utarting-plaee, in a race- 
course. 

lin-das, te, fium, adj. [lin- 
um, " flax "] (" or, or belong- 
ing to, linum "; hence) Made <f 
JUix or hemp ; hempen. 

llDquOf lioui, lictum, linqu- 
fire. 3. V. a. : jL. To leave, quit. 
— 2a 2'o leave behind. — 3. To 
abandon, foreake, denert ^akin 
to Sans, root bich, and Gr. 
Aeiirai]. 

llquens, ntis, P. pres* of 
llqudo. 

IXqaeOf llqui or llcfii, no 
sup,, llquere, 2. v. n. To be 
liquid or Jluid;- BO, only in P. 
pres. 

liquly perf ind. of linquo. 

llqa-Idas, Ida, Idum, adj. 
niqu-«o. "to be fluid"] 1. 
Fluid, flowing, liquid. — 2. Clear, 
bright, trantfiarent, limpid. 

ii-tuSf t6ris, n. [prob. lt, 
root of ll-no, " to overspread " j 



lllo-«, ivi, it 

pOO-DH, Hi plm? 

I'So-na, I, m. 

m..andl6oa, n 



VOCABULARY. 



>1 V, '335* in pluri^'S! 



i"]- 



1, oilj. . 



■■»««"](" H>i™eic 



louK-sev-i 

hBDce) AgA 

lone-e, adv. [Ionf;-na, 
■■long": hfncB, " fer off"j 

w",- henco) !• »■ AJirr (jf.ata 
iTWiiiiM,— b. ^ /ur, ij MHC*, 
greatif, exeefdtngtjf.—CM Comp. r 

— 2.?i a'&anci. far nimj! 
ffir,CoTnp.:loDg-lu»; (Sap.; 

loiiKlaai BeeloDge. 
lonr-aa. a. nm, adj. Xo>ij7, 

[akiTi w Sani alrji-o]. 

Ifiqn-fila. elee, r. [l&^-Dr. 
"tospeak:"] ("' A upenking"; 
lienoo, ■■ BpeecU " ; Tjonee) A 

Idan-or. nn^tiu itim. qui. 

Sftn'h. mnt LIP. " in epoak "J. 
lOqaatns (trisyll.), b, am, 

'ift-loa, iciB, r. p6r-nm,"a 
ITionff"] (■■ A thine pCTtalnlng 



l>r penona : To gtHttr, ffHtttiif 

lae-Idtu, Ka. Idnm, ndj. 
[Idc-ao, " toebiua "] Of rhe ^v: 
Sltail^, insK liriliiaat, glUtfT- 

■UGtana, oda, F. prea, of 

Ine-tor, licm snm. tiri, 

Bmhmce i benoe. "lo seiu. 
p«E)i" in the BrmHi hence, 



BWJj m ffenoTHl [Qr, a™, " to 

J, " T. tiJV "pikj"] ri 

■u-dna, dl. m. ; 1, Pf^, 



'"] 



plale oiiideofla 



BDoe) 






£i>iH:e^ P'Tir. : Til "int 



liiBtnuiB. ntiB, F. pros, or 

iaatr-a. tvi, mm, in, ). 
T. a. [lustr-um, "aneipiatory 
otftrinB"] I" To malte an ax- 
pintory oBbrine for, to pority "i 
limco, from thi^ pfioM goinj; 



VOCABULARY. 



89 



Tound those whom he pnrlfie^l, ' a pamiCT>t terouffht vith many 
*'to go around"; hence) To 



pan in review^ or to parade, he 
fore. 

laz« lacis, f. [for luc-s ; fr. 
lfic-«o. "to shine"] ("That 
which shtneB or is hright"; 
hence) !■ Light.— ^% lAfe. 



», t&vi, t&tam, tare, 1. 
T. a. freq. (" To adore " a deity, 
etc.; hence) !• To eJaugkter %n 
mterifiee ; to Mcrifice^ immolate. — 
2* To kill, elay [prob. akin to 
Bans, root mi.h, " to adore "]. 

m&olkla, 0, f. (" A spot, or 
stain," of filth, etc. ; hence) A 
mot, mark, etc., of any kind 
Lprob. aldn to Sans, mala, 
** filth"]. 

mftoal-dsns* ds», dsnm, 
adj. [m&ctila, in force of "a 
spot, or mark"] Full of epots, 
epotted, mottled. 

m&d-d-f&oio, f§ci, f)u!tnm, 
f&o£re, 3. T. a. [m&d-fto, "to be 
wet"; (e) connecting vowel; 
facto, "to make"] To make to 
be wet; to wet, eoak, eatnrate. 

m&ddf&cdram, plop. ind. 
of m&ddt&cfo. 

m&denSf ntis, P. pres. of 
mAd£o. 

in&d-6o, iii, no snp., ere, 2. 
T. n. To be wet, moi»t, drippir^, 
etc. [akin to Gr. /ma j-om ; Sans, 
root MAD, " to be wet "]. 

m&de-soo, m&diii, no snp., 
m&descdre, 3. v. n. inch, [m&d^- 
o, "tobe wet"] To become wet 
or moiftt. 

in&d-idas«Ida, Idnm, adj. 
rTO&d-«o, "to be wet"] Wet, 
dirippinq. 

Meeander (Msean- 

drdS)9dri, m. (The Meeander 
or Maandron — now the Meiuder 
or Boyuk Meinder — a river ris- 
ing in Phrygia in Asia Minor, 
and remarkable for its many 
windings. Hence) A border of 



windinqm [(Ir. Maiai'Spot]. 

m&'fSr-is, corap. adv. [akin 
to mag-nua] More, in o greater 
degree. 

m&gr-lster, istri, m. [root 
MAO; see magnns] ("He that 
is great or mighty "; hence, " a 
master "; hence) 1. Of a vessel : 
A pilot, steereman. — 2* A guard' 
ian, matter, or tutor; a name 
given to those who had the 
charge of boys of high birth ; 
V. 689;— at y^. 257, 646 the 
term eustot is employed of the 
same class of persons. 

ma.srn~&niin«aSf a, nm, 
adj. [magn-us, " great "; &nlm- 
us, '''soul "J Qreat-touled, magn- 
animoue. 

ma grximSf na, num. adj.: 
31 . Oreat, large, whether in ex- 
tent, size, or degree. — 2. Great, 
in rank, power, etc., mighty, 
powerful. — 3* Of sound : Oreat, 
powerful, loud.—^, Oreat, im- 
portant, weighty,^ of wright. — 5« 
Abundant, numeroue. — 6a Of per- 
sons with respect to age : Oreat, 
advanced; — maxima natu, {mont 
advanced with reepect to birth; 
i. 0.) the most advanced in yearn, 
the oldest, v. 6i4, where natu is 
Abl. of " Respect " [§ 116] ; see 
3. natuR. fij®" Comp. ! m^or 
(». e. mag-Ior) ; Sup. : maxlmus 
(t. e. mag-slmus) [root mao, 
akin to Gr. fiey-a^, Sans, mah-a, 
"great"; fr. root maoh, "to 
be great ; to be powerful "]. 

ma-laf lie, f. [for mano-la ; 
Tr. raand-o, "to eat"] ("The 
eating thing"; hence) The 
cheek-bone, the jaw. 

HK&leaf 8B, f. Sfalea (now 
Tdalia) ; a promontory of the 
Pfildponnesus (now the Mor^); 
— at V. 193 the e is short. 

m&l-l-grn-us, a. urn, adj. 
[contr. fr. m&l-I-g6n-us ; fr. 
mW-us, "bad"; (i) connecting 



90 



VOCABULARY. 



Towel; OBW, root of vSquo^ ** to 
produce*'] (In pass, force : 
'* Bom bad "; hence) Of an eoil 
nature^ ill-dUpo9edf malignant. 

mal-us, i, f. ("An apple- 
tree "; hence) A matt of a ship. 
'^Observe that at v. 611 maio 
is Dat. dependent on innexa 
[§ 106, a] ; and also that as the 
word is fern, alto is not in con- 
cord with it; see &b, no. 3 [Gr. 

m&ll-^Ot si, sam, ere, 2. 
T. n. : Xm To ttay^ remain, — 3> 
Of life: To remaint continue, 
lagtJGtT. /uicV'w]. 

BSan-eSy Imn, m. plvr. 
[obsol. man-US, ** good"] (" The 
good, or benevolent, ones ") !■ 
The Manet ; the deified souh} of 
the departed. Tbe^*^ were of a 
benevolent nature; while the 
LarvsB and Leinures were mal- 
ignant spirits.— 2a The gho»t, 
epiritf or ghade of a (single) de- 
ceased person. 

in&-nas, nus, f. ("The 
measuring thing"; hence) !• 
The hand. — 2. A bodtf, niimbery 
company, multitude of persons 
[akin to Sans, root ma, " to 
measure "]. 

m&rey is, n. The tea, — at 
y. 616 m&ris is Gen. of " thing 
measured" after tantum [§ 131] 
[akin to Salis. i«?r», " water"]. 

XMC&rOf onis, m,. Maro ; see 
Virgillus. 

ma-ter* tris, f. A mother 
Fakin to Gr. /m^njp ; Sans, md- 
tfi; tr. Sans, root ma, in mean- 
ing of " to produce " ; and so 
"uiej)roducer "]. 

mater-nuSy na, num, adj. 
^ater, mat(§)r-is, " a mother"] 
Of, or belonging to, a mother; a 
mother' $, — at v. 72 matema = 
"of Venus," who was the 
mother of .ZBneas. 

maturuSf a, um, adj. (Of 
thiitB, etc.: "Bipe"; hence) Of 



persons: With Respective Gen. 
[Notes to Syntax, p. 139, B, (2)] : 
Ri'pe with respect to, or in ;— 
matnrus eevi, ripe in aae, i. e. 
advanced in yeare, old, aged, 
V. 73. 

mazlmuSf a, nm; see 
magnus. 

me* ace. and abl. sing, of 
6go. _ 

meGnm b cum me ; see 
cum. 

mdd-lus, la, lum, adj. : 1. 
That it in the middle or midst; 
middle, etc. :— nj«dla vallis, the 
valley in the midst of the sur- 
rounding hills, i. e. the inter- 
jacent valley, v. 289. — As 
Subst. : mdaiuiiif fi, n. The 
middle, the midst. — 2. The middle 
o/'that denoted by the subst. to 
which it is in attribution : — 
media inter cornua, (between the 
middle of the hornt ; i. e.) in the 
middle between the horns, y. 479 
[akin to Sans, madhyat; 6r. 
fieo'of]. 

MeUllOea, 2S, t. Melibcta; 
a maritime town of Tbessaly 
celebrated for the dye obtained 
from the purple-fish caught ofi 
its shores.— bence, M^llliCB- 
us, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Melibcea; Melibcean [Gr. McAt- 
^ut, " She who takes care of 
ca»Ue "]. 

XMCdlilioeas, a, um; see 
Mdllbcea. 

mdlloryus; seebdnuB. 

Mdlite, es, f. Melifk; a 
Nereid, one of Neptune's at- 
tendants; V. 825 [Gr. MeAcn}, 
"She with honey**]. 

membmiDy i, n. A limb, 
member. 

HKemmi; seeMemndns. 

Memmiusy li (Gen, Mem- 
mi, V. 117), m. A Roman hon>e 
or family, said by Virgil to be 
descended f^mMnestheus; see 
Mnestheus. 



VOCABULARY, 



91 



mdlll-orf 5ria, adj. [akin to 
mdmlni, "to remember"] Re- 
men^ering, hearing in mind, 
mindful. 

inein5ranSt ntifl, P. pres. 
of mSmdro. 

mdmdrfttas* a, am, P. 
perf. pass, of m^mdro. 

mdm6r*Off avi, atnm, are, 
1. V. a. rm«mor, ••mindfal"] 
(•• To make (another) mindful ^' 
of somethin)?; hence) I- To 
relate, declare.— ^m a. With 
doable Ace. [f 99] : To call an 
object someuiinK.— ba Pass. 
foUd. by Nom. [§ 87, D, a; 
Notes to S7«tax, p. 134, HI. D] : 
To be called something. 

mene = me lacc. sing, of 
Sgo) ; ne, enclitic ; vv. 84:i, 840; 
see 2. ne, no. 1. 

llB6llOBtePf is, m Menatee; 
a Trojan, the steersman of the 
ship commanded by Oyas at 
the faneralgames in honour of 
Anohises [Gr. MecoinK]. 

men-s, tis, f. (" The think- 
ing"; hence) 1. The mind, as 
being the seat of thought.— 2L 
Mind, feeling, etc. — 3* Intention, 
design, purpose [Lat. root icKir ; 
akin to Sans. mUn-ae, " mind "; 
ft. root MLS, "to think"; cf. 
also Gr. m<V-<k]. 

men-si Sy sis, m. [root heit, 
whence men-sus, P. perf. of 
metlor, "to measure"] ("The 
measuring thing"; hence) A 
month, as a measure of time. 

in6r*60f1ii, Itum, ere, 2.y. a., 
and mdr^eory Itus sum, eri, 
2. V. dep. (** To obtain, or ac- 
qaire, as a portion or allot- 
ment"; hence, "to get, obtain," 
ete. ; hence) To deserve, merit, 
esp. to deserve well, etc. [akin 
to M*P OP H-of** I'oot of Gr. futip- 
o/uMi, "to obtain by lot"]. 

merff-'iiSL it m. [merg-o, 
••to plunge"] ("A plunger"; 
hence) A diver or gulX. 



mdrltusy a, am, P. perf. 
pass, of mSrdo. 

mdiiil, perf. ind. of mdrto. 

mdriis, a, am, adj. Of wine : 
Pure.unmixed with water. 

met-a, sb. f. [m$t-lor, "to 
measure "] (" The measarint? 
thing "; hence, " a pillar " fur 
marking a measui^ space; 
hence) The turning-point or goal 
in a race-course, ete. ; — atT. 171 
for ships, and also plur. for 
sing. J cf. V. 130. 

met&ens, ntis : 1. P. pres. 
of mSttto.— a. Pa. : With Ob- 
jective Gen. [§ 132] : Fearful, or 
apprehensioe, of; dreading, ^ 

mdtil-o, mdt&i, nidtiUum, 
m£tCidre, 3. v. a. [mdtus. un- 
contr. gon. mdttt-is, " fear '] To 
fear, dread 

mdtUSf fsA, m. Fear, dread. 

m6-us, a, um, pron. poss. 
[me, ace. sing, of Sgo, "I"] 
Of, or belonging to, me ; my, mine. 

mllli, dat. sing, of dgo ; — at 
v. 162 as D&tlvus jBtblcus 
[§ 107, a]. 

mlll-ey num. ac^. indecl. 
A thousand. — As Snbst : mill- 
ia, lum, n. plur. Thousands 
[akin to Gr. xt^-'O']- 

mill I a* lum ; see mille. 

nCXn-erva, ervae, f. (" The 
thinking one, the one having 
mind") Minerva; the goddess 
of wisdom, who was a strong 
partisan of the Greeks in the 
Trojan war. She presided over 
the arts generally, and amongst 
them over weaving and spiu- 
ning ; see v. 284 [akin to Sans, 
root MAW, "to think"; Gr. m«i'- 
<K, " mind "; Lat. root icEir, as 
in mens, raemini]. 

mXnistr^o, avi, itum, are, 
1. v. a. [minister, mXnistr-i, " a 
servant "] (" To act the part of 
a minister to" one; hence, " to 
wait upon"; hence) To provide, 
furnish, supply. 



92 



VOCABULARY, 



minor, ns ; see parvus. 
miratus, a, um, P. perf. of 
xniror. 
ini-*rorf r&tns sum, rari, 

1. V. dep. ("To smile upon *' in 
token of approval, etc. ; hence) 
"LmTo admire. — 2a To wonder y or 
»arvel^ at [akin to Sans, root 
BMi, ** to smile "]. 

misc^Of misc&i, mistnm and 
mixtum, miscere, 2. v. a. : 1. 
To mur, mingle : — mlscere m&ria 
coelOy {to mix the Moa with the 
'^ ; i. e.) to raute a violent tern- 
pett; V. 790.— Z. Pass. : To be 
intermingledwith others. — Pass. : 
mlscdor, mistus or mixtos 
snm, misceri [akin to Gr. fiCaynif 
fiiyn/fii, and to Sans, mi^a, 
" mixed "J. 

misoOlf perf. ind. ofmiscto. 

misery 3ra, drum, adj. : 1. 
Wretched, mieerable. — 2a Of 
things : Sad, melancholy, wretch- 
ed. 

mlsSrandus, a, um: 1. 
Gerundive of mIs6ror.— 2. Adj.: 
Of persons : To be pitied. 

misdrans, ntis, P. pres. of 
mfeSror. 

misSratns, a, nm, P. perf. 
of mfe6ror. 

mlS^r^dOf fii, Ittum, ere, 

2. V. n. [miser, "wretehed"] 
(" To feel, or be, miser " ; 
hence) !■ Personal : To feel pity 
or compatmion. — 2* Impers. : 
mXsdrett With Ace. and 
Gen. r§ 13-lJ : It digtres9e$ one, 
eitCyfiyr; one, etc., feeh pity or 
eompaetion for. 

mis§r-dor,Itussnm, eri, 2. 
V. dep. [id.} (id.) With Gen. : To 
pity, eompastionate, comminerafe ; 
— at V. 350 casus is the Gren. 
dependent on mlsSreri [§ 136]. 

misdret; seemisdrSo. 

misdr-or, &tus sum, ari, 

1. V. dep. [miser, "wretched "J 

("To bo wretched for," or on 

account of, " some person or 



thing"; hence) To pity, tom» 
pawionate, commiierate. 

misl, perf. ind. of mitto. 

missus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of mitto. 

mistus, a, um, P. x>erf. 
pass, of mlscto. 

mit-Igro, leavi, Igatum, 
Ig&re, 1. V. a. [mit-is, in force 
of " mild, gentle "] To render 
mild or gentle ; to pacify. 
. mitto, misi, missum, mitt- 
dre, 3. V. a. : X* To allow to go. 
—2. To send.— 3, To bring to 
a conclusion; to end. — Pass.: 
mittor, missus sxxm., mitti. 

XMCnestlieas (dissyll.), 6i 
and tos (Dat. Mnesthei, dif^syll., 
V. 184), m. Mnesfheus ; a Trojan, 
one of the followers of ^neas. 
At the ftineral games in honour 
of Anchises he commanded the 
Pristis [Gr. Mreortfev?, shorten- 
ed fr. Mcfcortfev?, "One who 
abides "J. 

1. modd, adv.: 1. Only, 
merely. — 2. Just now, a little 
while ago. 

2. mddd, abl. sing, of m5- 
dns. 

m5-dus, di, m. ("A mea- 
8ure» or standard" by which 
anything is measured ; hence) 
A way, manner, method^, mode 
[akin to Sans, root ma, " to 
measure"; whence also fterpov, 
" a measure "]. 

moen-ia, lum, n. plur. 
(" The things that ward off"; 
hence) Defensive walls, fortifica- 
tions I akin to a-yLvv-m, " to ward 
off"]: 

moes-tus, ta, tum, ac^*. 
[for moer-tus ; fr. mo8r-6o, " to 
be sad "] X. Sad, sorrowful,, 
mournful. — 2* Connected with 
mourning, indicating sorrow, sad, 
unhaji^. 

moles, is, f. : Xa An immense^ 
or vast, mass; a huge bulk; — at 
vv. 118, 223, ingenti mole i^ 



VOCAUULARY. 93 

Atil. oTjjiiaUty [J ll<l].-a.^|fr.nU.o."ioFn"J("nie(n)iin(, 



,"]{■" Tlmt'ichic 



\ own. u pr«iL,l.—». 



mdrl-bniiilni. 



b rftf'a*. <Etrr«, Utwfr, 
lot. ; I" To daltty^' - 
r iblnfii hB&ce) Ta 



Wg-5 



«(/■, 81c. 1 ta mnit alamn.~S, Ta 
HUH, riMiw.— «. Uiii^r, 3'a 

ffr 



molo-fia, 



ntnlt-l-pIeK, pitei 



mnl-tiiB, ta 



I. Klj. ! 1. 



plnr. oa adv.; mnlta. Much, 
arm.llg, v. SSS. — a, Plor. ; 
JIuujr.—As Bubal. : a. moltl, 

munj.— b, mnltaei »nim, t, 
lilt,' ^'Jl'- ■^P'"''-'!'"" l-t"^''''*!'* 



94 



VOCABULARY. 



mi&IlllSf 0ri8, n. : \% An 
qffle«f employment^ duty. — 2a A 
gtft^ preeent , — at v. 337 mundre 
means ** by the kindDess or kind 
int«rpo8ition" of his Mend, 
who, as it were, gave him the 
victory. 

mureXflcis, m. (" Amnrex/' 
a species of fish furnished with 
nharp prickles; hence) Apuinted 
rock, etc. 

mnr-miir, mtkris, n. A low 
murmurinff tound ; a murmur. 

mur-nSf i, m. (" The en- 
circling thiuff"; hence) The wall 
of a city, ete^akia to Sans, root 
MUR, '* to encircle "]. 

m&tataSy a, am, P. pert. 
pass, of miito. 

mu-tOf tavi, tatom, tftre, 
1. V. a. freq. [for mov-to; fr. 
m6v'60f ** to move "] (" To move 
mnch" from its place; hence) 
To change, cdter.—FasA. : mfi" 
tor, tatos som, tari. 

Myoena* », f (titlBo, 

:ycene,e8, f. ; Mj^odnse, 



&rum, f. plnr.) Myeena {Mycene 
and Myeenm) ; a city of Argdlis 
in the Peloponnisns (now the 
Morea), of which Ag&memnou 
was king.— N.B. When the name 
of a place is given with a case 
of nrbs (alsoof oppldam, insftla, 
or (S vitas), it \A usually put in 
appositdon; sometimes (as at 
V. 62), yet rarely, it is found as 
a dependent Genitive. 

myrtas, i and as, f. : 1. 
A myrtle-tree, a myrtle. — 2< A 
myrtte-braneh. — 3« A mtfrt/C' 
wreath or -garland [Gr. /utvpro?]. 



U conj. For. 

nam-quOy coivi. [nam, 
"for"; suffix, que] For. 

nandOf Gerund in do fr. 
no. 

n&"BCor, tus sum, sci, 3. v. 

dep. [for gna-scor ; fr. root 

eJTA, another form of root asir ; 



see gigno] !• To be born — 2* 
With Abl. of Origin [§ 123]: 
To be bom of or eprungjrom. 

n&tanSf ntis, P. pres. of 
n&to. 

n&-tO, tavi, tatom, t&re, 
1. V. a. intens rna(o), "to 
swim"] ('-To swim, float"; 
hence) Of the eye.** : To awim, 
i. e. to be uneteady, to fail. 

1. n&tuSf a, am, P. perf. of 
nascor. 

2. n&-taBy i, m. [na-scor, 
"to be bom"] ("He that is 
bom "; hence) A eon ; — Plur. : 
Children, collectively, both male 
and female. 

3. na-tus, tus (only in Abl. 
8ing.),m. [id.] ("A being bom*'; 
hence) Birth, age, years; see 
magnns. 

nautaf ce, m. A eailor, tea- 
man [Gr, vavTri^"]. 

ITauteSf 8B, m. Nautee; a 
Trojan soothsayer, who coun- 
selled MneoB to leave in Sicily 
such of his followers as were 
weary of their toils, together 
with the women and the old 
men [Nawrij?, " Sailor"]. 

nautlcuBf a, am, aqj. Of, 
or belonging to, a tailor or aailore 
[Gr. vttWTi«<k]. 

nav-aliSf &le, adj. [nav-is, 
"a ship"] (" Of, or belonpini? 
to, a snip or ships"; hence) 
Naval, aea-. 

n&TliT-Vlini. 11, n. [navlg- 
o, "to sail"! ("A sailing ^ 
hence) A verael, ship, bark, 

navls, is, f. A ship [akin to 
Gr. vain and Sans. nans]. 

1. ne« adv. and conj.: 1. 
Adv. : No,. not. —Z, Conj. : That 
not; lest [prob. akin to Sans. 
«a, "not'T. 

2. no* enclitic and interroga- 
tive particle : l.ln direct ques- 
tions joined to the Indicative, 
it throws emphasis on the word 
to which it is attached, but is 



VOCABULARY. 95 

vrithont any i»iiglifth equivalent. Bon of Oceanns and Tethy s, and 

—2. In indirect qaestions with husbatid of Doris] A daughter qf 

Subj. : Whether: — ne . . . ne, Nereu*, a Nereid or sea-nymph 

whether , . . or whether. [Gr. Nijpevs, ** Swimmer '']. 

neOf neodum, necnon ; nerv-us, i, ir. (" A sinew, 

see nfique. norve " ; hence) Of a bow : A 

nectOf nex&i, nexum, nect* how-titring [Or. vcvp-ovl- 

dre, 3. V. a. To bind, fatten ; — at Xfesseey es, f. Setae ; a 

v. 309 nectentor (pass.) is folld. Nereid, one of Neptuno's at- 

by Ace. of " llespect" [§ 100]. tendants [Gr. Nijo-aii), •• She of 

— Pass. : ll6Ctor, nexna sum, the island, l8lau<l-nymph"]. 

necti [akin to Sans, root mah, nexanByntL»,P.pre8.ofnexo. 

*• to bind"]. nex-O, ili, no sup., are, 

ll6-Al^ndlaB« nda, ndnm, 1. v. a. fnex-ns, "a tyin^ or 

adj. [ne, "not"; f(a)-or, "to binding '^] 1. To «<r.6meJ,/a#«<fn 

ppeak "] (" Not to bo spoken or together. — 2. With Personal 

mentioned " ; hence) Impioua, pron. in reflexive force : Of a 

uhominahle, unhallowed^ wicked. snake : To tie, fatten , or twine 

nd-faSf n. indecl. [ne, ittelf; v. 270, where se belongs 

"not"; fas, "divine law"] to nexantem as well as to pllc- 

("That which is contrary to antem. 

/fw"; hence) That which i» un- ni, conj. If not, unleu [akin 

lawful or abontinible ; a dr«a^{ful, to 1 . ne] . 

or horrible, thing. nid»118, i, m. ^ ne»t [akin 

tt^mOf mlnlA, comm. gen. to Sans, ni^-a, "a nest"], 

[contr. fr. ne-hdmo; ft*, ne, nlffor,' gra, gr um, adj. 

*^* not "; h6mo, " a i^rson "] JVb Blacky dark. Jfipr (Gomp. : 

person, no one, nobodg. nigr-tor ;) Sup. : nlger-rlmus. 

ndm-nSy dris, n. (" The nigrrans, ntis : 1. P. pres. 

feeding thing"; hence) A wood of nigro.— 2> Pa. : Black, dark, 

with much {Misture land: a dusky -coloured ; — at v. 97 folld. 

grove [Gr. i^ft-w, " to feed "J. by Ace. of " Respect " [§ 100]. 

ITept-ttnnSf fini, m. (" The nigrr-Ofavi, atum, &re, 1. v.n. 

B ther ") Neptnne; the mythic [nlger, nigr-i, " black"] To be 

god of the sea and waters [Gr. black. 

vCnrofiai, '•to bathe"]. nl-bil (contr. nil), n. in- 

nd-que (contr. nee), co^j. decl. [shortened by apocope tr, 

[ne, " not "; que, " and "] And nl-hflum— for ne hilum (». *. ne, 

not, neither : — neqne (nee) " not " ; lulum = filum, " a 

... neqne (nee), neither . . . thread"); "not a thread": 

«6r .— nec-non, ("nor not"; hence] Nothing. — In adverbial 

». e.) and also, and besides, more- force : In no degree or respect ; 

over, fwrther : — ^nec-dum, and not at all. 

not jfet, nor as yet. nil ; see nthil. 

ne-quiquam, adv. [ne, nimb-uSfi, m. : 1. .i violent 

*' not" ; quiqnam, adverbial or pouring rain ; a tempest. — 2* 

abl. of quisquam, " any "] A oUick rain-cloud, a thunder^ 



("Not in any" way; hence) cloud. — 3* A cloud of smoke. 

In vain, to no purpose. ashes, etc. ; v. 666 [akin to vi0-tt>, 

3Ter-eia« eldos, f. [Ner-euo ** to snow," or vtV-rw, *' to 

(dissyll.), " Nereus"; a sea-god, wash "]. 



96 



VOCABULAR V. 



nlml-nm, adv. [niml-us, 
" beyond measure, too much "J 
Too much, too. 

ni->sl, conj. [ni (= ne), 
*' not" ; si, " if "J //" not ; i. e. 
-unlets, except. 

1. ni-suSy BUS, m. [for nit- 
bus; fr. nit-or, "to bear, or 
rest, upon "] (** A bearinj^, or 
i-esting, upon " something ; 
hence, " a tread, step "; hence) 
Pcfture, pontion. 

2. WiBUS, i, m. yi»m; the 
friend of Euryalus [Gr. Neor- 

nite-sco, nittii, no sup., 
nttescPre, 3. v. n. inch, [nite-o, 
*• to shine "] To begin to skitie 
or glisten ; to thine, gli»tt.n. 

no« avi, no sup., are, 1. v. n. 
To ewim [akin to Gr. vew]. 

nobis, dat. and abl. plnr. of 
dj?o; — at V. 391 as bativus 
EthJcus [§ 107, «]. 

ndcendi, Gerund in di fr. 
n6cSo. 

ndc-do, iii, Itum, ere, 2. y. n. 
To harm, hurt^ it^ure, etc. 
[akin to Sans, root na9, "to 
perish "]. 

noct-umuB, uma, umum. 
adj. [nox, noct-is, "ni^ht"] 
Of, or belonging to, the night. 

ndd-us', i, m. (" The thing 
iied, or bound,'* together; 
hence) Xm A knot, fastening. — 
2. Of a snake: A knot, coil, 
fold [prob. akin to Sans, root 
w H (old form kadh), " to tie 
or bind "]. 

no-men* minis, n. [no-sco, 
"to know"] ("That which 
serves for knowing " an ol^ect ; 
hence) X> A name.— 2tm i'ame, 
reputation, renown. 

non* adv. : 1. Not. — 2. Im- 
parting a contrary force to the 
word to which it is joined : — 
uon immSmor, not unmindful, 
1. e. mindCul, v. 39 ; cf., also, 
V. 30o[s.km to Sans. no]. 



non-dam* adv. [non, 
"not"; dum, "yet"] Not yet, 
not as yet. 

nd-nns, na, num, adj. [for 
nov-nus ; fr. n6v-em, " nine "] 
(" Pertaining to novem'*; hence) 
Ninth. 

noSy nostrum ornostri, plur. 
of 6go ; — at V. 21 nos (Nom.) ia 
emphatic. 

nos-ter* tra, trnm, pron. 
poss. [nos, plur. of 6go, "I"] 
Our. 

nd-ta« tag, f. [no-sco, "to 
know"] ("That by which a 

Eerson or thing is known"; 
ence)jl mark, spot, etc. 
ndtate* plur. pres. imperat. 
of n6to. 

ndt-O* avi, atum, are, 1. y. a. 
[ndt-a, " a mark "] (" To mark, 
impress with a mark "; hence) 
Mentally : To mark, remark, ol^ 
serve, note, 

1. nd-tUB* ta, tum, ndj. [no- 
sco, "to know"] Known, welU 
known. 

2. ITdtUB* i, m. : 1. Notusf 
tlu> South TFimJ personified.— 2a 
Wind in general [Gr. Notov]. 

ndvem* num. adj- indecL 
Nine [akin to Sans, navan^. 

ndv-Of avi, atum, are, 1. 
y. a. [n6v-us, "new"] 1. To 
make new or anew; to renew. — 
2> To change, alter, etc. 

ndvus* a, um, adj. New, 
\ fresh [akin to Gr. vioi, and 
i Sans. nava"]. 

nox, noctis, f. : 1. Night. — 
2. Personified as a goddess: 
Night. — 3a Darkness, gloom, 
obscurity [akin to Gr. mi^. Sans. 
nakfa]. 

nuD-es, is, f. A cloud [akin 
to Sans, nabhas, **&ky, atmo- 
sphere"; Gr. W<^o«]. 

nubll-a, drum, n. plur. 
[nubll-us, "cloudy"] ("The 
cloudy things"; hence) 2'A« 
cluuds* 



VOCABULAR V, 



97 



n&dfttlUh a, mn, P. perf. 
I>a88. of nftdo. 

nudl-Oy avi, atnm, are, 1. v. a. 
[n&d-ns, " naked "1 1. To make 
naked or bare^ to nrip of eloth- 
ing.—^Z. Milit. t. t.: To Uaoe 
uneooered or bare; to expoee to 
the enemy.— Pass. : nud-orf 
itOB sum, ari. 

nud-lUf a, um, adj. Naked, 
hare; — at v. 871 nndas means 
'bare of earth," ». *. "un- 
bnried.*' 

nnllftne = nnlla, nent. 
nom. plnr. of nuUus; ne, en- 
ditio; V. 633; see 2. ne. 

n-nllns, ulla, nllnm (Gton. 
nnllios; Dat. nnlli), adj. [for 
ne-nllus; tr. ne, "not"; nllns, 
** any *' J Ifot any, none, no. — As 
Bnbst. m. No one, nobody. 

nu-men, minis, n. [ntk-o, 
" to nod "] (" A noddinf? " with 
the head; **anod"; hence) 1. 
Of the ^ods : Divine will or 
power. — 2a Godhead, dvoinitjf, 
etc. — 3* A deity, whether a god 
ot goddeee. 

nUm-dniii, fiti, m. (" The 
distiibnted thing"; hence) 1> 
A number. — 2. A collected body, 
or number, of persons, etc. [6r. 
F^-w, "to distribute"]. 

muiOy adv. Now, at tkie time : 
— ^nnnc . . . nmic, now . . . now, 
at one time . . . at another time 
Cakin to Gr. vvv (f'r. Sans, nu or 
mO, with c (for ce), demonstra- 
tiye suffix]. 

nantX-iUv li, m. [perhaps 
contracted tr. nov-ven-ttas ; tr. 
n6v-as, "new"; v«n-lo, "to 
come"] ("A person, or thing, 
newly come'; hence) 1> A 
hearer of new* or t.dinge; a 
meeeetufer, courier, etc. — ^2* Newe, 
Hdinge, a meeeaae. 

nu-per, adv. [for nov-per ; 
fr. n&v-ns, "new"] Newly, 
lately, recently. 

n-fuquanit adv. [n-e. 



" not "; nsquam, "anywhere "] 
Xa Not anywhere, nowhere, in no 
vlace. — 2> In nothing, in no 
degree, in no respect, 

n^tri-XfCis, r. [n&trl-o, "to 
nourish"] ("She that noor- 
ishes "; hence) A nuree. 

Of hiteij. Ol oA/— at v. 19 i 
there is an aposiopesis after ! 

db, prep. gov. ace. (" To- 
wards, at"; heuce) To indicate 
object or cause : On account of, 
for [akin to Gr. iw-ii SanH. 
ap-it 

OD-JloYOf J§ci, jectum, jlc- 
ire, 3. V. a. [for ob-j&c!o; Ir. 
6b, " before "; j&cto, " to cast "] 
("To cast before"; hence) 
With Dat. [§ 106. o] : To present 
to. — Pass. : ob-*j tetOTf jectus 
sum, jlci. 

0bliqil-0,avi,atnm, ftre, 1. 
V. a. [obliqn-us, "oblique"] 
(•'To make obliquue"; hence) 
To turn obliquely or sideways; 
to slant. 

ob-liqn-ns, a, nm, adj. 
[db, "without force"; llqu-is, 

oblique"] Oblique, in a slanting 
direction. 

oblituSy a, um, P. perf. of 
obliviscor. 

ob-li-visoorf tos sum, 
visci, 3. V. dep. ("To be melt- 
ed" away from the mind; 
hence) With Gen. [§ 133, o] : 
2'o forget [prob. fib, without 
force; root li or lfv, akin to 
Sans, root l1, " to melt "]. 

ob-nltorf nisus or nizns 
sum, niti, 3. v. dep [6b," against 
or upon"; nitor, " to lean"] 1* 
To tean^ bear, or rMt against or 
upon. — 2a With accessory jio- 
tion of force or exertion: To 
bear, push, struggle, or strive 
against; — at v. 21 strengthened 
by contra. 

obnixus, a, um, P. perf. of 
obnitor. 

H 



98 



VOCABULARY 



obrtke* sing. pres. ixnperat. 
of obrflo. 

Ob-*rJiOf rfii, rfitnm, rfi^re, 
3. V. a. [6b, •' without force " ; 
rfto, "to throw down with 
violence '*] (" To throw down 
with violence * '; hence) To over- 
throw, ovencheltn. 

Ob-*B0u-ras, ra, rxaa, adj. 
("Covered over"; hence," dark, 
dim"; hence) Not hnown, «n- 
Jciumn, obscure [6b, " over " ; 
sou, akin to Sans, root bku, " to 
cover "J. 

ob-stikpesooy 8t6p6i, no 
snp., stiipescdre, 3. v. n. r6b, 
•• wlthont force"; etttpesco,^' to 
be amazed"] To be amaeed or 
astonithed; — at V. 90 with Abl. 
[§ 111]. 

obstttpiki, perf. ind. of ob- 
Btflpesco. 

ob-torqndo. torsi, tortum, 
torqnere, 2. v. a. [6b, " without 
force"; torqu6o, "to twist"] 
To twiet.—Fasa. : Ob-torqu- 
SoFf tortus sum, torqueri. 

obtortaSy a, urn, P. perf. 
pass, of obtorqudo. 

oo-c tkbOy no perf. nor sup. , 
c&bare, 1. v. n. [for ob-c6bo; 
fr. 6b, " without force "; cfibo, 
" to Ue down "] (" To lie down" 
in a place ; hence) To rest, or 
repoee, in the grave. 

oc-ourro, cnrri (rarely cfi- 
cnrri), cursum, currgre, 3. v. n. 
[for ob-curro; ft*. 6b, "up for 
towards"; curro, "to run "] 
la Of persons: To run up, r un 
to meet one. — 2> Of land as 
Subject : To fall in one's wa'r. 

dc-Ior* lus, comp. a4j. 
Sw^er, quicker [Gr. ciic-v?]. 

oclns, comp. adv. [[ad- 
verbial neut. of ocYor, " quick- 
er"] (" More quickly"; hence) 
As a modified superlative: Very 
quickly or speedily; in much haste. 

6ci-iklaB, flii, m. (" The see- 
ing thing "; hence) An eye [akin I 



to Gr. o«-o?, Sans, aksli-a, prob. 
fr. a lost verb axsh (= Iksh), 
"to see"]. 

dd-lnm, U, n. [dd-i. "to 
hate "] Hatred, hate, ill-will. 

dldnnif 1, n. Olioe-oU, oU 
[Gr, cAaioi']. 

dllm, adv. [for ollim; fr. 
olle, old form of ille, "that "] 
Of time: ("At that time"; 
hence) 1. Of time past: Former- 
ly, once, in time past. — 2* Of in- 
definite time: At times, some- 
times,_from time to time. 

bltVSLf m, f. : la .in olive- 
tree. — 2a An olive-branch. — 3a 
An olive-wreath [Gr. JAata], 

Olle, old form of ille. 

Olli, old form of illi : a.Dat. 
sing., V. 10. — ^ba Masc. nom. 
plur., V. 197. 

Ol3nnpu8y 1, m. Olympus; 
a lofby mountain on the borders 
of Macedonia and Thessaly, tiie 
fabled abode of the celestial 
deities [Gr. ''0-\v(i*)ir-o«, " the 
abrupt or steep" mountain; 
akin to Sans, root i.up, "to 
break"]. 

d-meiif minis, n. [for or- 
men; fr. 5r-o, "to speak"] 
("The thing spoken"; hence) 
A prognotiic or omen of any kind. 

omn-X-p6ten8, p6tentis, 
adj. [omn-18, "all**; (i) con- 
necting vowel; p6tens," power- 
(til "] All-powerful, omnipotent. 

OIIUliSye„aaj. : \m All, every. 
— As Subst. : omnia, um, n. 
plur. All things. — 2a The whole ; 
the whole q^that denoted by the 
subst. to which it is in attribu- 
tion;— at V. 616 supply illis 
with omnibus. 

dndr-Oy &vi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [6nus, 6n€r-i8, " a load or 
burden"] ("To load, lade, or 
burden '* ; hence) To load cr 
cover with anything :—onerant 
aras, they load the altars, i. e 
with gifts or offerings, v. 101. 



VOCABULARY. 



99 



dnSr-oras, dsa, dBnm, adjL 
fdnnB, finfir-ifl, *'a burden "J 
('* Full of own**'; hence) Burden- 
mmey heavy. 

6plblUlf abl. plur. of ops ; 
V. 41. 

op-p5nOf pds&i, pfisltum, 
pdnAre, 8. v. a. [for ob-p6no; 
fr. 6b, "against^*; pSno, •*«» 
put"] C'To put, or place, 
against "; hence) !• To ttation 
over againtt or o})pon te. — 2« 
With ^rnoTial •pron. in reflexive 
force and Dat. of person: To 
putf or pl4ioe, one's telf, etc., in 
ike vay of ft person ; v. 336. 

opp6s&ly perf. ind. of op- 
pdno. 

op-pnimOf pugnavi. pugn- 
atom, pugnare. I. v. a. [for ob> 
pngno ; ftr. 6b, "against"; 
pugno, " to fight"! (" To fight 
against"; hence) To heaiege^lay 
nege to^ a city. 

op-8« is (Nom. Sing, does 
not occur; Dat. i? found per- 
haps only once), f. [prob. for 
ap-8 ; fr. root ap, whence &p- 
iscor, *• to obtain "] ('* The 
thing obtained "; hence) Most- 
ly plur. : Meane, or reeoureee, of 
any kind ; wealth, richee, etc. 

optatoSy a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of opto. 

optlmaSf a, urn, sup. adj. 
see TOnns. ; 

op-tOf tavi, t&tum, tare, 1. 
V. a. : !■ To wish for, desire, 
something.— a. With Inf. : To 
wish or desire to do, etc. — 3* To 
choose, select. — Pass. : op^tor* 
tatns sum, tiri [akin to Sans, 
root AP, in force of" to desire"]. 

6paSf 6ris, n. : 1. Work, 
labour, etc. — 2. A work, as the 
result of work [akin to Sans. 
apcu]. 

1. 5ra, plur. of 63, dris. 

2. dra» SB» f. : 1. The coast, 
sea-coast. — 2a A region, country, 
clime. 

H 



orbiSf is, m.:\mA circle, 
ring, orbit.— 2tm In time : A re- 
volution. — 3> The world the uni- 
verse. 

ordl-O, tnis, m. [ord-Tor, " to 
weave"] ("A weaving"; hence) 
1« Arrangement, order. — 2* 9U 
Order, succession, turn, etc — !>• 
Adverbial Abl.: ordine, In 
due order, regularly, properly. — 
3> A row of benches or seats in 
a vessel ; w. 120, 27 1. 

driens, ntis, P. pres. of 
6rIor.— As Subst. m. Therisit^ 
sun. 

6r^lor, tus sura, !ri, 3. and 
4. V. dep. To rise [root oh, akin 
to Gr. opn/fuu]. 

dr-O, ftvi, atum, are, 1. y. a. 
[68, 6r-is, " the mouth "] (" To 
use the mouth "; hence, "to 
speak "; hence) Xm To beg, or 
proy, for sometiiing ; v. 617. — 
2. used parenthetically: drOt 
I beg, pray, beseech, entreat ; 
V. 7»6. 

1. 5Sy oris, n. (" That which 
eats"; hence) !■ The mouth.— 
2a The face, countenance ; —a.t 
V. 369 piur. for sing, [akin to 
Sans, root A9, " to eat '*]. 

2. OBy ossis, n. A^ bene [akin 
to Sans, cuthi ; Gr. btrrtovj. 

os-tendlo, tendi, tensum, 
tendSre, 3. v. a. [for obs-tendo ; 
fr. obs ? as 6b), '* before or over 
against*'; tendo. "to stretch 
out "] (" To stretch out, or 
spread, before " one ; hence) To 
expose to view; to show, exhibit, 
displ<jy. 

ostentanSf ntis, P. pres. 
of ostento. 

OSten-tOy tavi, t&tum, tare, 
1. v. a. intens. [for ostend-to; 
fr. ostend-o, "to show"! To 
show, present to view, exhibit, 
display. 

OSt-luniy Yi, n. The mouth 
of anything ; an entrance [akin 
to Sans, osth-a, "a lip'*j. 

2 



lOO 



VOCABULARY. 



ostrum, i, n. (" The blood 
of the 8eii-»iiail "; hence) FurpU 
[Gr. oorpcofj. 

dvans, ntis : 1. P. pres. 
of dvo.— Za Fa. : ExuUing^ re- 
joicing. 

6V"Of avi, atnm, are» 1. v. n. 
To exuUf rejoice [prob. akin to 
Gr. d^-oi ; Lat. ev-CB ; aud so 
'* to shout out " evcB^' 

p&C-iscory tus sum, isci, 
3. V. dep. (" To bind"; hence, 
in moral sense, '* to covenant, 
barfrain"; hence) To barter^ 
hazard. Hake [akin to Sans. 
rootPA9, "to bind**]. 

P&l8einon,dni?, m. Palam- 
on ; see Ino [Gr. noAot/xaii/]. 

palans, ntis, P. pres. of 
palor. 

P&lln&raSyi,m. Palinurue; 
the pilot of ^neas. He fell 
into the sea and was drowned 
off the coast of Lucania, and 
gave the name to a promontory 
near the scene of his disaster— 
now prob. Punta della Sparti- 
meuto [IlaAivovpoc, ** Fair wind 
astern"]. 

Pallas, ftdis, f. Fattae; the 
Greek name of the Roman Min- 
erva [Gr. HaAAoc, " Brandisher 
or 2tfaiden "]. 

palma* ee, f. : !• a. The 
palm of the hand. — ^b. The hand. 
— 2> (" A palm-tree, palm "; 
hence) a* A palm-branch. — "tom 
As a badge, or token, of victory : 
The palm, prize. — (B> Victory [Gr. 
voAajmi}]. 

palm-Ma* ftlsB, f., dim. in 
form only [palm-a, " the palm ** 
of the hand; hence, from its 
flat shape, "the blade of an 
oar"] A blade of an oar, an oar- 
blade. 

pal-or* itus sum, &ri, 1. 
V. dep. (" To wander "; hence) 
To be diepereed or eoattered 
a^fftf/y t4f Hraggle. 



Pand&ms, i, m. Pandiirtu, 
son of Lycaon ; a L^ciaii, cele- 
brated for his skill in archery, 
at the time of the Trojan war 
[Gr. nai/6ap<K]. 

P&ndpea* a, t. Panopea, a 
leng^ened form ol PanopS; a 
sea-nymph [Gr. navomi, " All- 
seeing One 'j. 

PandpeSf is, m. Panovea; 
a companion of Acestea TGr. 
Uavwn^, " All-seeing One "J. 

paFf^p&ris, a4j. £qual. 

p&ratuB, a, um: !• P. 

?&r{. pass, of p&ro — 2. Pa. : 
*repared, ready. 

Par-ca. csb, f. : 1. Sing. : 
One of the {three) goddeaaee of fate. 
— 2.Plur. : The Fatee: their 
Latin names were No a, Dec- 
mna, Morta ; their Greek names 
Clotho, Lachdtiis, Atrdpos [prob. 
root PA.B, ** to bring or put," 
whence, p&r-o, "to prepare," 
and so, " She who brings, or 
assigns,'* one's lot; — cf. Gr. 
Moip-a, '* The Allotter or Ap- 
portioner,*' i^.^cip-o^tat, in force 
of " to allot," etc.']. 

p&r-ensy ntis, comm. gen. 
[either for p&rl-ens, fr. p&*I-o, 
"to bring forth," etc.; or fr, 
obsol. pftr-o = p&r-Io] X. A par- 
ent. — Z. A father ; — each time 
in this book of Anchises, the 
texhet otMneaa. — 3. Plur. : a* 
Parente. — b* Aneeetore, progenit- 
ore. 

par-do, td, Itum, ere, 2. v. n. 
(" To come forth"; hence, "to 
appear" at a person's com- 
mand ; hence) With Dat. [§ 106, 
(4)]: To obey. 

p&r-X-es, 6tis (Abl. plur. 
asquadrisyll., v. 689), m. (*^ The 
thing going around"; hence) 
A wall [Sans, jpar-i, " around '*; 
I, root of fio, •'^to go**]. 

p&rlo, pdpdri, partnm, pftr- 
ere, 3. V. a. C'^To bring forth "j 
hence) To obtain, procure, ac* 



VOCABULAK V. 



lOI 



quire.— Tbm. : p&rXor, partus 
Bum, pbri fprob. akin to 6r. 
^*P-*»* lAt. fer-o]. 

Paris, IdiB, m. Parit; a 
son of Hecuba, who carried off 
Helen, the wife of Meneliua, 
kin^ of Sparta, and thus caus- 
ed the Trojan war [Gr. Ilapif ]. 
p&r-Xter, adv. tpar, 
" equal "] 1. Equally. -^Z, At 
the tame time, together. 

p&r-Ov avi, &tum, are, 1. v. a.: 
Xa To maket or get^ ready; to 
j>repare.—Zm Pass, in reflexive 
force : To prepare one't te{f, 
make one*e eelf ready. — Pass. : 
p&r-or, fttus sum, ari [prob. 
akin to Gr. ^^-w ; Ladn l£r>o1. 

par^S, tis. f. (" That which is 
cut"; hence) X» A portt piece, 
portion, eto. — Adverbial Abl. : 

Sartey In part, partly.— Zm 
f persons : A part, tome out of 
many; — at v. 668 pars, as a 
noun of multitude, is the Sub- 
ject of the plur. verb f%mnt 
[Notes to Syntax, p. 133, E, 3J ; 
cf, also, V. 661 ;— at v. 108 pars 
forms the Subject of p&rati 
(erant), while, as men are 
spoken of, paratl is in masc. 
gen. [see Notes to Syntax, as 
abovej fprob. akin to ^p-w, 
"to cut** J. 

part-f o, !vi or li, itum, Ire, 
4. V. a. [pars, part-is, " a part "J 
("To part"; hence) To divide, 
divide out, eto.— Pass. : part- 
tOTt !tus sum, !ri. 

partituSf a, um, P. perf. 
I)ass. ofpartlo. 

partasy a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of p&rlo. 

parvus* a, um, adj. : 1. In 
sise or def^'ee: Little, email. — 
2La In age : Little, yout^l, 
young. 

pas-Sim, adv. [for pad- 
Sim ; tr. pando, *' to spread 
out," through root pad] ("By 
a spreading out"; hence) On 



all eidee, on every side, in all 
directione. 

passns, a, um, P. perf. of 
p&tlor. 

p&tens, ntis: 1. P. pres. 
of p&t§o.— 2. Pa. : Open ; i. e. 
at V. 662, cleared. 

pftt-6o, fti, no sup., ire, 

2. V. n. To stand, lie, or be open 
[akin to Gr. ir«T-di'h;/uii, " to 
stretch out, extend "]. 

p&-ter, tris, m. ("A pro- 
tector"; also, "a nourisher") 
!■ A father, as one who pro- 
tects, etc. — 2. As a title of 
respect: Father;— Bt v. 14 ad- 
dressed to Neptune ;— at v. 241 
to PortUQus ;— at w. 621, 633 to 
Acestes ;— at v. 690 to Jdplter ; 
—at V. 130, etc., used of uEneas ; 
—at vv. 368, 867 used alone of 
JEn^LB, and at v. 424 in con- 
junction with satus Anchisa ; — 
at V. 603 — Anchisee ;— at v. 341, 
in plur., of the Trojan elders. — 

3. ^ senator [akin to Gr. ira- 
Ti^p; Sans, pi-tri, ir. roo4 fa, 
" to protect, to nourish "]. 

pat-6ra, «r8B, f. [p&t-do, " to 
lie open " ; hence, to spread 
out, extend"] ("The thing 
spreading out or extending''; 
hence) A broad flat dish, espec- 
ially used in nmking offerings : 
a bowl for libations. 

p&ter-nus, na, num, adj. 

[p&ter, p&t(6)r-is, "a father'^] 

Vf, or belonging to, a father ; a 

father's ,— at v. 81 =of Anchises. 

pfttlens. nds : !• P. pres. 
of p&tlor.— 2. Pa. : In disposi- 
tion, ete.t a* Patient.— "bm In 
adverbial force : Patiently. 

p&tlor, passus sum, p&ti, 
3. V. dep. : 1* To 'uffer, hear, 
endure, undergo.— 2t To permit, 
allow, evffer [akin to Gr. iraA, root 
of irdax«» ; and Sans, root badh, 
or VADH, " to strike "]. 

patria, m\ see patrlus. 

1. patr^Xns, Xa, Xum, 



lo: 



VOCABULARY. 



[p&ter, patr-is] Of, or belonging 
to, afaiker ; afather^s ; paternal. 

-^As Subst. : patri-a, a, f. 

Fatherland, native country. 

2. patrl-UB, a, nm, adj. 
Tpatri-a, " fatherland "] 0/, or 
belonging to, one's fatherland or 
native country. 

Patron, onis, m. Patron; 
an Arcadian, one of the com- 
petitors in the foot-race at the 
faneral frames of Anchisea [Gr. 

IlarpwiO- 

paul-iaper,adv-. [paul-us, 
" little "] For a little while. 

p&T-idas, Ida, Idum. adj. 
[p&v-«o, " to fear "] Terrified, 
marmed, timid. 

pftT-or, oris, m. [id.] Fear, 
terror, dread. 

paXf pacis, f. [for pac-s ; fr. 
root PAC or PAG, whenee p&c- 
iecor, " to bind, to cover ant "; 
pango, "to fasten"] ("The 
binding, or fastening, thing "; 
hence) Peace. 

pectus, 5ris, n. : 1. The 
breaet. — 2a Heart, mind, feel- 
ings ; — at V. 816 plur. for sing. — 
3a Soul, ditpoaition, etc. 

p6c-US, Mis, f. (" The thing 
fastened np"; hence. Sing.: 
" a single head of cattle ") 
Plur. : Cattle in general : — 
nigrsBpecudes, black cattle, yrere 
offered to the deities of the lower 
world, V. 736. Under the term 
pSciides are included, at v. 243, 
jEn. vi., jilvenci, "steers." — 
N.B. When this word is applied 
to " sheep," it is used in an 
especial force [akin to Sans. 
pag-u, ft", root PI9, " to bind "]. 

pdduin, gen. plur. of pes ; 
V. 430. 

pdl&gUS, i, n. The »ea, esp. 
the open tea [6r. TreAayo?]. 

Pelides, 8B, m. The son of 
Peleus, i. e. Achilles [Gr. IIiiXci- 

jpoll^is, IB, f. A skin or 



hide [akiu to Gr. ireAA-a, ' 
hide 'h. 

pello, pSpAli, pulsnm, pe 
fire, 3. V. a. ( To cause to go 
hence) 1 • To drive out or awa 
—a. Of fear as Object : Tod 
miss, cast off. — Pass. : pello 
pulsus sum, pelli [akin to Saz 
root PAL, "to go**]. 

P^n-ates, atlum, m. pk 
[pSn-us, " provisions, stores ' 
( ' Those pertaining to penus 
hence) The Penates or guardi 
deities, whether of a househol 
or of a state as a collection 
households; — ^at v. 63 Penal 
patrii = the Penates of Troy. 

pendens, ntis, P. pres. 
penddo. 

penddo, pdpendi, no su] 

Jiendere, 2. v. n. : 1. To hat 
ang down, be suspended. — 2 a 
things not in use: To hat 
be hung tfp.— 3 a To be suspend 
horizontally ; to hover, Jlutti 
etc. — 4a Of a charioteer: : 
hang, or bend, over his horses. 

penetralia, lum ; e 
pfinStralis. 

pdn6tra-lis, le, a< 
[pfin6tr(a)T0, "to penetrate 
(" Penetrating, piercing 
hence) Inner, interior, intern 
— As Sabst. : pdnetrall 
lum, n. plur. (" The interior, 
inner chambers " of a buildin 
hence) A sanctuary, a chapel ; 
at V. 744 of Vesta. 

pen-na, nee, f. [for pet-n 
see p6t-o] (" The flying thing 
hence) A wing. 

p^pendl, perf. ind. 
pendfio. 

p6r, prep. gov. ace. : 
Through, across. — 2 a By met 
of, through.— ^m Through, in ; 
midst of, amidst. — 4. All oc 
all along or about. — 5* In tin: 
During, in the course of, in; v. 6 
—N.B. At V. 663 per is plac 
after its case. 



VOCABULARY. 



103 



pdr-ftffOf «[?i, actum, HgSre, 
3. V. a. [p^r, *• through "; *go, 
•* to put in motion "J (" To put 
in motion through " ; hence, 
in reflexive force, '*to paas 
through *'; hence) To g» through 
iciiht complete tjinith, etc. :— dona 
p£ri^6re, tojinith \di$iributing) 
the gifts, V. 3(J2. 

per-oellOf cftli, culsum, 
celldre, 3. v. a. f p«r, in *• aug- 
mentative " force ; cello, *' to 
impel "] ('• To impel greatly "; 
hence) To etrike. 

SerotUiv perf. ind. of per- 
. 0. 

p^reirtt perf. ind. of pdr&go. 

p6reinpta8,a, nm, F. perf. 
pass, of p^rlmo. 

p6r-erro, erravi, err&tum, 
errare, 1. v. a. rpCr, " through "; 
erro, "to wander"] 1. To wan- 
der through or all over. — 2* With 
reference to the sight : To glance 
over, survey. 

perfectus, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of perflclo. 

per^tSro, tflli, l&tum, ferre, 
V. a. irreg. [p6r ; 18ro, " to 
bear"] 1. [pSr, ^* throughout "] 
(" To bear throughout ' ' ; hence) 
To continue to bear. — 2* [p^r, 
** without force "] a. To Vear, 
carry f convey.— "tom To brings or 
convey f word or tidings; to an- 
nounee, etc. ;— at v. 665 folld. by 
Objective clause. — 0> To bear, 
endure, submit to, undergo, be 
subject to. 

per-floYo« f§ci, fectnm, flc- 
fire, 3. V. a. [for per-f&cto ; fr. 
p«r, "thoroughly^*; f&cio, "to 
make "1 (" To make thorough- 
ly"; hence) With Abl. of 
material: To make, form, or 
manufacture of. — Pass. : per* 
floior, fectns sum, fici. 

per-AindOv i^di, fusum, 
fhndfire, 3. v. a. [pfir, "tho- 
roughly"; fundo, in force of 
"tp wet of bathe"] 1. To 



wet, or batht, thoroughly ; to 
wash, etc.— 2. Pasp. in reflexive 
force : To Sjirinkle one's ulf etc. 
—3. Of garments: To steep, 
dye.—FAsa. : per^ftrndor, 
fCisus sum, fUndl. 

perfasns, a, am, P. perf. 
pass, of perfundo. 

(Perg:ftina«drum,n. plur. : 
1. Fergama, the citadel of 
Troy. — 2. Troy. — Hence) 
Pergrftindus, to, «um, adj. 
Trofan. 

PerrftmSas, a, um, adj.; 
see Perg&ma. 

pdri-clnin, cli, n. [obsol. 
p«rI-or, " to try, make trial of"] 
("That which serves for try- 
ing"; hence, " a trial, attempt ; 
hence) Bisk, hagard, danger, 
peril. 

pdr-YmOf dmi, emptum, Im- 
fire, 3. V. a. [for pfir-6mo; IV. 
pfir, "thoroughly"; *mo, "to 
take"] (" To take or take away 
thoroughly"; hence) To destroy. 
—Pass. : pi r-Xmory emptus 
sum, Imi. 

perjar-ns, a, um, ad,i. 
[perjur-o, " to swear falsely "] 
Swearing falsely ; perjured. 

permissns, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of permitto. 

per-mittOf misi, missum, 
mittere, 3. v. a. [pfir, " U'lrr/Ugh"; 
mitto, " to allow to go " ! r To 
allow to go through"; hence) 
To grant, permit, allow, authorige, 
etc. — Pass. : per^mittory 
missus sum, mitti. 

per-mulodo, mnlsi, mnl- 
sum and mulctum, mulcfire, 2. 
V. a. [p«r, " all over '*; mulcfio. 
" to stroke "] (" To stroke all 
over"; hence) To soothe, ap- 
pease, etc. 

permulsiv perf. ind. of 
permulcfio. 

per^ solTOy solvi, sdl&tum, 
Bolvdre, 3. v. a. [p«r, "com- 
pletely"; eolvo, '*to pay"] 



I04 



VOCABULARY. 



('• To pay completelv ": hence, 
in flgurative force) To give^ 
render^ etc. 

peivBtOvsati, 8t&tam, st&re, 
1. V. n. [pfir, "continually"; 
eto, *'to stand"] ("To stand 
continaally "; hence) Mentally : 
To Btandfa$t!firmf or fixed. 

per-taedety tsBsum est, 
teedere, 2. v. a. impers. [pdr, in 
"aagmentative" force; tsedet, 
*' it disgusts or wearies "] With 
Ace. of person and Gen. of 
thing " [§ 134]: It thoroughly 
di»gu$t» or wearicB one, ete.^ of 
something ; — the Subject of 
pertsBSum est (v. 714) is con- 
tained in itself, viz. tsedlam 
[§ 167]. 

pertaBBum est ; see per- 
tssdet. 

per-tento, tent&vi, tenta- 
tnm, tent&re, 1. v. a. [p«r, 
" thoroughly " ; tento, " to 
handle"! {"To handle tho- 
roughly "; hence) To seize upon, 
take poeaeuion qf, pervade^ qffeet, 
etc. 

pes, ped-ig, m. ("The going 
thing"; hence) !• Afoot.—^^ 
Of an eagle : A olaw^ taUm.—Zm 
In vessels : A eheet, 1. e. a rope 
attached to a sail for the pur- 
pose of setting it to the wind : 
— pfidem f&cdre, to veer out a 
theet, to haul to the wind [akin 
to Gr. irovf, iro^-of ; and to Sans. 
jHidf fr. root PAD, " to go "]. 

pes-tis, tis, f. [prob. for 
perd-tis; fr _perd-o, "to de- 
stroy "] (" The destroying 
thing "; hence) 1. Destruction^ 
ruin.— 2tm Of a destructive thing 
or person : Pest, bane. 

p6te, pres. imperat. of pSto. 

patens, ntis, P. pres. of 
pSto. 

p^tivi, perf. ind. of pSto. 

p6t-Oy ivi or li, itum, 6re, 3. 

r. a.: 2. ("To fly towards "; 

hence) a. To seek ; to proceed to 



or towards; to dkwd one's eomr$9 
towards. — Urn To seek, search for, 
— C« To seekf demand, ask for. — 
2. (" To fall, or throw one's self, 
upon"; hence, "to attack"; 
hence) To aim at [akin to Sans, 
root PAT, whence Gr. ircr-oftat, 
"to fly"; and wer, a root of 
iriiTTw, "tofall"]. 

Pn&6tlldn, ontis, m. 
Phaethon; another name for 
the Sun; v. 105; where no re- 
ference is nwde to Phaethon, 
the son of Apollo, who obt dned 
fh>m his father permission to 
drive the Sun's chariot for one 
day, and being unable to 
manage the horses, set a part 
of the world on fire [Gr. 9<u$My, 
"Shining One"]. 

pb&lerae, arum, f. plur. 
Trappings for the forehead and 
breast of horses, etc. [Gr. ^dk- 

apaj. 

pn&retraf se, f. A quiver 
[^p«rpa, "a quiver," as being 
*• that which carries " arrows]. 

PbeireilB .(dissyll.), M and 
ddfl, m. Phegeus; a Trojan, one 
of the servants of Cloanthiis 
[Gr. *»ryevs, " He of the oak ; 
Oak-man"]. 

PbdldOf es, f. Pholoe; the 
name of a female slave ; v. 284 
[Gr *oA«nj]. 

PborbaSf ntis, m. Phorhas; 
a Trojan sailor, whose form 
was assumed by Sonmus, when 
that god endeavoured to induce 
Palin&rus to quit his post and 
sleep ; see P&llntirus [Gr. 4>6p/3- 
«," He who feeds"]. 

PborcnSf i, m. Phoreus 
(also called Phorcys) ; a eon of 
Neptune, changed after death 
into a sea-god :— Phorci ch5ru8, 
V. 240, and Phorci exercltus, 
V. 824, have the same meaning, 
viz. the sea-deities in attend- 
ance on Phoreus [Gr. 4'«pK«« 
, and ^pxvf]. 



VOCABULAR Y. 



lOi 



»I»»Jf»e»,i 






,. , ,_.r , , , *•!«< [aktn to 

Plrxriaiu; the inhaljicanu of Sans, root rd, " lo paifly "1. 

PhryginliiAiiaUiiior.iDwhaM pItkGld-«, adT. [pUcld-iu. 

oonnfiy Troy WM «iui«M [Gr, " genlje "] (" After tBe mBunBr 

^inrmj. I ottiMplaeidtu"i honoe) QeiUlg, 

plotas,B,Dm, F.perT, pus. niUfti. 
DTpiQiro. plAO-IdllBildii, Mnm. MJ- 

pl-*t«»,»i*tii«.f.[pl-M,fui- |[;pl*c-«o."iopLea«i"](-PleM. 

w»rd»pBront»,«iB.) "ftObctioii- IpMcffla.irfuoiil. 

_....! ,..11.1.. — .._ -f the : pfandens, ntli, P, prM. of 



ate"] ("Tlie <]uL..^ , , , . 

inin''; hence) l. PW*.— Z. : pluuilo. 
fUiaiifff*ctian,as.—M.Jiulifi '. plftDdO, pluiBt, 



..'?«"/, 



planiUn, 



"oX" 



maib h 



i»(. 



iM .1^.— iit"T. fl7S'«ritli ] plfr-nnji, na, num. adj. 
ifttfmg Blone; Bopply I [pfi-o. '■lofliffl.MU.y.^fi. 
*™ nfnenuin. —a. With Atll. [1 118, i1 ; 

fi,'ftJlrtf*,/BK^. 

plloans, ntiB, P. ptB9. ot 

nuke : Tafiid',aiii [akin lo Or. 

plwitlmin, i, n. Zend [akla 

plar.^l xee pine. 
plfi-rlmniL, nma, nmnm. 
snp. fl4|. [i-i.". root of pM^j, 



Fio] {" The binding-, or [kstea- 
iiiK.thlna"; hancA.^'apLfldcfo, 
Mcnrily'^ hoQce) Montallr gr 
moral] J; Afttigt, tcktn, UHr- 

pi(a)tO, plnil. plctnm, 
pingAn. y. Y. a- (" To represent 

«fci.-°^^^.£:^^'^p'ijnr^ 

Sana, root «*j, "to dye or 
colour*'] 
pliia*,aB,f.! !• Afir-t 



\t. pins.— a. ^ ("MoBt, or 
>r pioe [akin to !■ Sinz. 



pl-um, a, nm, sdj, (" 
He5"i hence) 1. With n 
to reli^n : ZVddhJ, jiuiu 



I piaB,pl&rig(Pliir. plana, 
1 plara), CMip. adj. [lontr. *nd 

. pift-o, "to llil"! Comparative 
, 'R,,fflx"or''irPuller'Vhenee) 
' . 1. ilon.-i. Neat. Hcc. plnr. 



io6 



VOCABULARY. 



in adverbial force: plura* 
More^ lonqer; v. 381. 

?»d«cttllizn, cfiU, n. (" That 
ich serves for drinkinj?"; 
hence) A eup^ goblet [akin to 
Gr. iro-w (= vuvta), Sans. root 
PA, *• to drink"!. 

poen-a* se, f. ('* The pnrify- 
inff thing "; hence, " satisfac- 
tion" for* an offence; hence) 
Ptinithment [Gr. irotf-^ ; akin to 
Sans, root pd, "to purify"]. 

Pdlites, 89 (Voc. Pdlite, 
V. 664), m. Folite*; a son of 
Priam, king of Troy JTGr. IIoAt- 
TT,9, "Citizen"]. 

polltkOy til, atnm, fi^re, 
3. V. a. (" To defile " ; hence) 
To violiite, dishonour. — Pass. : 
pollftorf utns snm, fli. 

pollutus, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of poUtto. 

pdlus, i, m. (" The end of 
an axis, a pole "; hence, " the 
North Pole ; hence) The heaven 
or heaveru [Gr. iroAo?]. 

pomp-a* 8B, f. A tolemn, or 
public i proeennoH at games, 
festivals, etc. [Gr. iro/utiriy]. 

pdnaniy fat. ind. of pono ; 
V. 66. 

pond-US, dris,n. [for pend- 
us ; fr. pend-o, " to weigh "] 

i" A weighing thing "; hence) 
L. A weight.—^. Weight, heavi- 
nee*. 

pdne, pres. imperat. of 
pdno. 

pdnOf pdsfii, p5s1tam, pon- 
«re, 3. V. a. : 1. To put, plaee, 
eei.—2k. To erect, bnUd, found. — 
3* To lay down, recline. — 4. Of 
games, a contest, etc. : To in- 
stitute, arroMge, eetablieh. — S* Of 
prizes : To lay down, propose, 
etc. — 6> To lay aeide, lay down. 
pontUSf i, m. The tea [irdf- 

TO«]. 

pdpHl-duSv Sa, Sum, ac^. 

Xp6pfil-U8, " a poplar "] Cf, or 
'Jo/fffin^ to^ a poplar ; poplar-. 



pd-pai-us, i, m. ("Tl 
many " ; hence) The peop 
[prob. for pol-pol-us, fr. iroA-ii 
''much "; plur., " many '*]. 

porrlciam, fut. ind. 
porriclo. 

porrlolo, porrdci, porre 
turn, porrlcfire, 3. v. a. [o 
religions 1. 1. for projfcio] ' 
east, or lay, as an offering befo 
some deity ; — sometimes foU 
by in c. Ace. 

porroy adv. (" Forwar 
onward "; hence) Further, mar 
over, besides [Gr. iropooi]. 

portansy ntis, P. pres. 
X)orto. 

poi^-tendOf tendi, tentnt 
tenddre, 3. v. a. [por ( = pre 
" forth "; tendo, ** to stretch ' 
(" To stretch forth " ; henc 
Religious 1. 1. : Toindieate^fot 
tell, presage, etc. 

por-to, tavi, tatnm, t&i 

1. V. a. : !■ To bear or carry. 

2. To bring, convey [prob. ak 
to Gr. ^p-io]. 

Portu-na8,ni, m. [portt 
nncontr. gen. rortft-is, 'a ha 
bour"J ("One pertaining 
portus ") Portunus ; a Romi 
deity considered to preside ov 
harbours ; see Ino. 

pOP-tas« tUH, m. A harboi 
haven, port [prob. fr. root pt 
or POB, found in irep>aw, " 
pass through"; irdp o? , *" 
way"]. 

POSOO, pdpOBCi, no 8U] 

poBcSre, 3. V. a. : X. To fu 
request, demand. — 2»m To ask ft 
entreat, etc. - 3* Of things 
Subject : To require, demat 
need.—^m To invoke; — for for 
of poscamus, 1. pers. plur. pn 
sub.i., see vertamus, in verto. 
pdsitus, a, um, P. pe: 
pass, of pono. 
posBOfpres. inf. of possui 
pOBBmn, pdt&i, posse, 
irreg. [for pot-sum j fr. p6t- 



VOCABULARY 



T07 



"able"; Bum, "to be"! 1. 
ht abl0.—Z. With Inf. : (/, et 



To 
etc.) 

postf prep, ana adv. : X. 
Prep. gov. ace. : a* Locally : 
After, behind. — b> In time : 
■^fl^t tince. — 2a Adv.: After , 
afterward*. 

post-^nuk £ra, dram, adj. 
[post, "after'*] Coming after, 
following, next. 

pos-^tiSy tis, m. [pdoo, " to 
put," through root pos] f" A 
putting or placing "; hence) 1. 
A post, door-pout. — 2>* A door. 

post-quam, adv. [post, 
" after"; quam, "that"] After 
that, «*«!.— N.B. In narrative, 
the adverbs postquam, nbi, 
Bimulac, and others Hignifying 
"when," "as soon as," are 
joined to the perf. ind., where 
the pinperf. wonld have been 
expected. Such perf. mast be 
rendered as a pinperf. ; v. 677 ; 
cf., also, v. 32. 

pdstti, perf. ind. of pono. 

pree-oep-s, ciplt-is, adj. 

{Tor prsB-capit-s ; fr. prse, " be- 
bre " ; c&put, c&ptt-is, " the 
head "] (" Having the head be- 
fore"; hence) \nIIead-foremo»t, 
headlong. — 2* In headlong hatte. 
— 3* Swift, rapid. 

prsecep-tmn, ti, n. [for 
prsBcap-tum; fr. prseclplo, "to 
mstruct; to order," through 
true root pb«cap (= praB; cap, 
root of c&pio)] Instruction, in- 
junction, order, bidding, 

prsecip-tlus, aa, fium, 
adj. [pr8BcIp-to, "to take be- 
fore '*] (" That is taken before '* 
other things ; hence) Particular, 
peculiar, especial, 

prce-C-Oy on is, m. [for 
prae-cl-o ; fr. prfe, " before "; 
cY-o, in force of " to cry out or 
aloud "] (" One crying out, or 
aloud, before" a person, etc.; 
hence) A crier, herjUd. 



pree-fSro, tali, latum, fen e. 
v. a. [prsp, " btfore"; f?io, " to 
■bear"] ("To bear before"; 
hence) In figurative force: 7o 
ofcr, present. — Pass. : prflC- 
leror, latus sum, ferri. 

pr8B-f igro, fixi, fixum, fig- 
ure, 3. V. a. [prae, "before ; 
ngo, "to fix'H ("To fix. or 
fasten, before ; hence) With 
Abl. : To tip, head, etc, with 
something. — Pass. : pree- 
t'ig'Orf fixus sum, t!gi. 

prseflxus, a, um, P. perf 
pass, of prafigo. 

prseiens, ^untis. P. pres. 
of prtB^o ;— at V. 186 the pra in 
prseeunte is shortened, by poet - 
ic licence and in imitation of 
the Greeks, before the follow- 
ing e. 

prsel&tus, a, am, P. perf. 
pass, of prsefSro. 

pree-m-Xum, li, n. [for 
pr8e-6m-lnm ; fVom pr«, " before 
or above"; 6m-o, "to take"] 
("A taking before or above 
others ; — " that which is taken 
before," etc., others ; hence, 
"profit"; hence) A reward, 
prize, etc. 

pree-pe-B, tis, adj. ("Ply- 
ing forwards"; hence) Sw^ff, 
quick, rapid [for prsB-pet-s ; fr. 
prsB, " forwards^'; root pet, 
akin to Gr. iter o/utai, Sans, root 
PAT, "to fly"]. 

pree-B-enSyntis (Abl. usu- 
ally prsesente of persons, proe- 
Fenti of things), adj. [prw, '^ be- 
fore "; s-um, " to be '^J C' Being 
before " one ; hence) !• Pre- 
sent, at hand, etc. — 2. Of dis- 
pofition or character: Present, 
collected, resolute. 

prsesta-ns, ntis (Abl. 
preestanti, v. 361), adj. [prae- 
8t(a)-o, "to stand before"; 
hence, "to be superior," etc.^ 
Superior, surpassing, distinguish' 
ed, etc. 



loS 



VOCABULARY, 



pr0Bt6r-6a« adv. [fbr 
prsBter-eam ; fr. praeter, "oe- 
yond "; earn, fern. ace. sinff. of 
18, " that ••] (" Beyond that " ; 
hence) Betiae*, moreover ^rther. 

pr8et6r^60f ivi or li, itum, 
ire, V. a. [prjeter, ** past '*; So, 
** to go "] To go p<ut, to pan by. 

prsB-TldlieOt v!di, visum, 
vld§re, 2. v. a. tpr», " before- 
hand '•; v!d«o, " to see "] To tee 
beforehand, to anticipate. 

prSBVidl, perf. ind. of prae- 
vldfio. 

pr6o&ta8, a, mn, P. perf. 
of prftcor;— at v. 6^ supply 
sunt with prfic&ti. 

prices, um, plur. of prez. 

prdo-or. &tu8 sum, &ri, 1. 
V. dep. To oeaeeehf entreaty ad' 
dreet prajfere or eiUrealiee to 
[akin to Sans, root peachh, 
^' to ask "]. 

prdmo, pressi, pressnm, 
prSmdre, 3. v. a. : Xm To pretax 
preu against. — 2. To press Jlrmlg 
or c2oM^jr.— Pass. : prdmory 
pressus sum, prdmi. 

presBUS, a, urn, P. perf. 
pass, of prSmo. 

prd-tium, tli. n. ("That 
which buys"; hence, "money"; 
hence) A reward [akin to Gr. 
irpi-aaOai, "to buy ]. 

preXf prScis (obsol. in Nom. 
and Gren. Sing. :— mostly Plur.), 
f, [for preo-8 ; ft*. pr«c-or, " to 
ask"] ("The asking thing"; 
hence) iSnireaiy^ prayer. 

Pri&mUB, 1, m. Friam; 
king of Troy, when that city 
was besieflred and taken by the 
Greeks [Gr. nptofux, "Chief, 
King"]. 

prim-o, prlm-iim, adv. 
[prim-US, "first"] At firsts in 
the first place, first. 

prl-muSf ma, mum, sup. 
adj. [for prse-mus ; ft. prte, ** be- 
fore ^*; with sup. suffix mus] 
/' 'Most before^*} hence) 1. 



JF^rtft, the first in order, eic. ;~at 
V. 294 primi, plur., is predicated 
of the two sing, substt. Nisus 
and Euryalus ; supply also fu- 
§rnnt: — primus pes, the fore- 
foot of a horse, v. 666.— 2« The 
first to do something; the first 
thai. — 3 • In time : First, earliest. 
— ft> Of place, etc. : First, fore- 
most.— 'Ab Subst. : primay 
drum, n. plur. ("The first, or 
foremost, things^'; ».*,) Thefiref, 
or foremost, place m the contest ; 
V. 194, where it is opposed to 
extremos ; cf., also, v. 338. |gg^ 
Comp. : prior. 

prin-oep-SvClpis, ad1.[for 
pnm-cap-s; fr.prim-us," first"; 
c&pJo, **to take"] ("Taking 
the first place," or " taken 
first"; hence) First, foremost. 

princlplo; see princlplum. 

princlp-ium, li, n. [prin- 
ceps, princlp-is, " first "] 
(" That which pertains to the 
prmceps"; hence) Xm A ban- 
ning, commencement. — 2 a Ad- 
verbial Abl. : principlo, In 
the beffinninfff in the first place, at 
first. 

prl-or, us, comp. adj. [for 
pr8B-or ; fr prae, " before " ; with 
comp. suffix " or "] (" More 
before"; hence) Previous,formert 
prior — often to be rendered lirst, 
|g§^ Sup.: pi1m-us. 

pris-ons, ca, cum, adj. Of 
former timet^ of time bygone^ 
ancient [obsol. pris = Gr. nptf. 
"before"!. 

PHstfs, is, f. ("A sea- 
monster" of any kind) Pistris; 
the name of a ship in the fleet 
of JSneas [Gr. wiorpi?]. 

pr5f prep. gov. abl. case : 1. 
Before, tn front of. — 2. For, on 
behalf of. — 3 a For, itistead of, in 
the place of. — 4 a In return for^ 
in exchange for.; v. 230. B* On 
account o/[akin to Sans, pra; 
Gr. irpo]. 



VOCABULARY. 



\o^ 



pr51>"0« avi, atum, &re, 1. 
T. a. [pr6b-us, "Kood"] To 
*$Uemt or regard, a« ffood; to 
approntof. 

pr5«oddo« cesai, cessum, 
CMiBre, 3. v. n. [pr6, "for- 
wards"; cSdo,*'togoorcome"] 
(" To go, or come, forwards '1 
hence) Of anger as Subject : To 
advance, proceed. 

pr6oell-a, se, f. [prdcell-o, 
" to drive, or dash, foi wards "J 
(*' The thing driving, or dash- 
tog, forwards"; hence) A violent 
wind; a etorm, tempest, hurri- 
eane. 

pr0-el&ino,clim&vi, clam- 
itom, climire, 1. v. n. [prd, 
"aloud"; climo, "to call 
out"] To call out aloud, to 
voetferaie, ery out. 

pr6oiil«adv. [pbocul, a root 
or prGcello, " to drive for- 
wards '•] (" Driven forwards "; 
hence) Of place : At a dietanee, 

pro-emnbo, cftbai, cfibi- 
turn, cumbfire, 3. v. n. [prd, 
" forwards " ; obsol. cumbo, 
" to lie down "] (" To lie down 
forwards"; hence) 1. Of row- 
ers : To leanfonoarde, or bend, to 
their oars.— 2ia To fall forwards, 
eink down. 

pr<>oiirrenBf ntis, P. pros, 
of procurro. 

prd-onrro, cftcurri and 
ourri, cursum, currfire, 3. v. n. 
[pro, " forwards "; curro, " to 
run"] ("To run forwards"; 
hence) Of rocks: To run, or 
jut, out into the sea; to pro- 
ject. 
. prdcurv-uSf a, um, a4j. 

J"pr6curv-o, " to bend, or curve, 
brwards "J Bending, or curving, 
forwards ; winding. 

prd-dlr-Ium, li, n. [for 
px^dlc-lum ; fr. pro, " before- 
hand," root DIG, " to show "; see 
dico] (" A showing before- 



hand "; hence) A prophetic »ign, 
aprodigv. 

proelXiiin, li, n. ^1 battle, 
engagement. 

pr6-ftuid-iiB, a, um, adj. 
[pr6, " forwards " ; fund-us, 
^* the bottom "1 (" Having tbo 
bottom forwards ; i. e. at some 
distance off; hence) Deep, pro- 
found. 

prd§rdn-Ies, Ki, f. [pro- 

g'gno, " to beget or briu^ 
rtb," through root pbocsmJ 
(" A begetting or bringin>{ 
forth "; hence) Offh/ring. 

pr6-liXbdo. bibm, hibltum. 
hibdre, 2. v. a. tfoi* prd-h&bte ; 
fr. pr6, "before"; hfcWto. "to 
hold "] (" To hold before one <«• 
in front"; hence) Xm To ward, 
or keep, q/T.— 2. With Inf. : To 
prevent, or kinder, Jrom doing. 
etc. 

prdjeolf perf. ind. of pro- 
jlclo. 

prd-JIolOj jeci, jectum, 
jlcdre, 3. V. a. [for prd-j&cio ; tr. 
pro, "forwards"; j&cfo, "to 
cast"] 1. To cast, or t^ow, for- 
wards.— 2m To east, or throw, 
head-foremost or hetidlong. 

prdmis-smn, si, n. [for 
promitt-sum ; fr. promitt-o, ' to 
promise "] A promise. 

pr6iniBBii««a, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of promitto. — As Subst. : 
prdmissa, drum, n. plur. 
The things promised, the promised 
gifts or rewards. 

prd->inltto« misi, missum, 
mittdre. 3. v. a. [pro, " forth "; 
mitto, ''to send^n ("To send 
forth " ; hence) To promise.—^ 
Pass. : drd-mittor» missus 
sum, mitti. 

prd-m-Oy psi, ptum, dre, 
3. V. a. [contr. fr. pro-^m-o ; fr 
pr6, " forth "; em-o. " to take " 
("To take forth"; hence) 
strength, efforts, etc. : To put 
forth, exert, etc. 



ol 



no 



VOCABULARY, 



proniiBy a, nm, adj.: !• 
Inclined dotenwardSf bending for- 
ward*, head-foremori. — 2. (In- 
clined, or di.sposed, to" some- 
thing or some person; hence) 
^vourahle ; — prona maria, 
••favourable seas," i.e. which, 
oppose no obstacle to the ves- 
sers coarse, v. 212 [Gr. wprqvrii]. 

prdpinqn-o, avi, atnm, 

are, 1. v. n. LP^^pi'ilQ-^s* 
•• near "] With Dat. [§ 106. (1) J : 
To draw near to, to approach. 

prdp-Xor, ins, comp. adj. 
[obsol. pr5p-is, •'near "J Near- 
er y closer, etc. — As Subst. : 
prdpidra» nm, n. plar. The 
nearer place*; i. e. at v. 168 the 
place, or side, nearest to the 
rock. ^^ Sup. : prozlmus 
(for prop-slmua). 

pr5-pdno« p5stii, pdsltum, 
pdndre, 3. v. a. [pro, *' forth "; 
pdno, •' to put ** J To put, place, 
or $et forth or out; to show, 
exhibit, display. 

prdpriuSy a, nm, adj. One*» 
own property, one's own. 

prdra» 8b, f. The prow or 
hcdd, of a vessel [Gr. TrptipaJ. 

prd-rlpIOf rip&i, reptum, 
rip6re, 3. v. a. [for pro-r&plo; 
ft:, pro, •• forwards "; r&pto,^' to 
snatch"] (" To snatch, or hurry, 
forwards"; hence) With ellipse 
of personal pron. : (" To hurrsr 
one's self forwards " ; i. e.) To 
ruth, or hurry, onwards ; v. 741. 

prd-s6qaor»sdquutus sum, 
sSqui, 3. V. dep. [pro, ** on- 
wards " ; sSquor, " to follow 
after "] To follow onwards after, 
attend upon, accompany, etc. 

pro-slllo, snoi (less f^- 
quently sllivi and sllli),prps. no 
sup., sllire, 4. v. n. [for pro- 
Blllo; fr. pro, ••forth"; sillo, 
*' to leap "J To leap forth, spring 
forwards. 

2>r6sll6il, perf. ind. of pro- 
bOFo. 






pro-sum, fKi, desse, v. n. 
for"; sum, "to be"] 

• To be for or on behalf of"; 
hence) To be of benefit; to profit, 
avail. 

protendens, ntis, P. pres. 
of protendo. 

prd-tendo, tendi, tensum 
and tentum, tendSre, 3. v. a. 
[pr6, ••forth"; tendo, •'to 
stretch"] To stretch forth or 
out ; to extend. 

prd-tinus, adv. [for prd- 
tfinus ; ft*. pr6, " before "; t^nus, 
*• up to <yr as far as "] ('* Up 
to, or as far as, that which is 
before "; hence) Of time : Forth- 
with, immediately. 

proxXmus, a, nm, Rup. 
a4j. [for prop-slmus ; fr. obsol. 
prdp-is, ^ near "] Nearest, next, 
whether in place or time; — at 
v. 320 folld. by Dat. (huic) 
[§ 106, (1)] ; and also by Abl. 
of space or distance (inter- 
vallo). 

prfinay 88, f. A live, or burn- 
ing, coal. 

pu-bes, bis, f. [prob. akin 
to ptt-er] (" That which is nour- 
ished"; hence, " that which is 
grown up "; hence) Youth in a 
collective force ; young persons. 

PubliuSfli, m. Publius; a 
Roman name. 

pttddOf fii (impers. Itum est), 
ere, 2. v. n. : !■ Personal : To 
shame, feel shame. — 2. Impers. : 
It shames, causes shame; — at 
V. 196 pudeat has for its Subject 
the clause (nos) rediisse extre- 
mes [§ 157] [akin to Sans, root 
pdT," to stink"]. 

pUd-or, oris, m. [pttd-So, 
••to feel ashamed"] (^A feel- 
ing ashamed "; hence) A sense, 
or feeling, of shame ; shame. 

pfi-er, 6ri, m. (••The nour- 
ished one"; hence) X, A boy, 
lad;—B.t V, 252 pncr regius = 
Gktnymede, son of Laomddon 



VOCABULARY. 



Ill 



king of Troy, w"ho was carried 
off by Japiter's eagle from 
Moant Ida to heaven, and there 
made Japiter's eup-bearer.—^, 
A growm-up youth^ a young man 
[prob. akin to Sans, root push, 
' to nourish," and^to noip, the 
Spartan form of ireuc]. 

ptidr-Ills, He, adj. [pfter, 
pMr-i, " a boy "] Of, or belong- 
ing to, a hog or oog§; boyith, 
youthfkl : — paerile agmea, a 
troop of boy$. 

S»li§r-nat nss, f. [root puo, 
ence pang-o, *' toponcture or 
stab"] (•• The stabbing thing"; 
hence) AJlgkt hand to hand ; a 
battU.e&ntett, etc. 

pw-oliery chra, chmm, 
adj. [forjwl-cher ; tr. p61-Io, ** to 
polish "J (" Polished "; hence) 
SL. Beautifid, fairt lovely. — 2* 
Morally: JSxcellentf etc. f^^ 
(Comp. : palohr-Ior) ; Sup. : pal- 
ch(e)r-rlma8. 

palclierrXinaBt a, nm; 
see pnlcher. 

pulsanSf ntis, P. pres. of 
pnlso ;— at V. 138 haarit pulsans 
=: haarit et palsat. 

polsataSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of polso. 

pal-so, savi, sstnm. s&re, 
1. V. a. intens. [pello, ** to beat," 
through root pul] 1. To beat, 
etrike. — 2ia Of sound : To strike 
againri something to strike. — 
3a To disturb, agitate, disquiet. — 
Pass.: pill«SOr,8&tus sum, sin. 

pulsuSf a, nm, P. perf. pass, 
of pello. 

pumex, Icis, m. (" A pum- 
ice-stone"; hence) A porous 
rock, sqfl stone. 

pun-icens> IcSa, Ycdum, 
adj- [for pcen-Icdus; fr. Pcen-i, 
"uie Poeni or Carthaginians "J 
(" Carthaginian "; hence) Pur- 
ple-coloured, purple. Tyre, the 
mother city of Carthage, being 
fiuned for its purple dye. - 



pupplSy is (Ace. and Abl. 
Sing, modtly puppim and 
pnppi), f. : 1. The litem or poop 
of a ship. — 2* A ship, vessel. 

purptira, se, f. (" The pur- 
ple-flsh"; hence) Purple [Or. 

irop<^vpa]. 

purpiir-diiB,ea, eum, adj. 
[purpttr-a, ** purple "] f* Per- 
taining to purple " ; hence) 
Purple-eoloured, purple, includ- 
ing very different shades of 
colour ; red, ruddy, etc. 

pa tans, P. pres. of pfito. 

ptkt-O. svi, atum,'&re, 1. v. a. 
[pttt-us, *^ clean, clear "] (" To 
make clean or clear " ; hence, 
"to clear up, or settie," ac- 
counts; hence, "to reckon"; 
hence) To deem, hold, think, 
imagine, suppote ; — at v. 96 pfitet 
is the Sut^. iu indirect inter- 
rogation after ne [§ 14r9] ; it is, 
also, there followed by an Ob- 
jective clause. 

Pyrgro, us, f. Pyrgo; the 
nurse of Priam's children [6r. 
nvpyoi]. 

qu&, adv. [adverbial abl. 
fem. of qui. **who, which"] 
Of place: Where. 

qaaeHte, plur. pres. im- 
perat. of quspro. 

quaero, qusesivi, qusesitum, 
quserSre, 3. v. a. : 1* To seek, 
search for or after. — 2. To ask 
about, seek to learn, inquire. — 
Pass. : queer or, qusBsitu? 
sum, guseri. 

qua-lls, le, adj. : !• Inter- 
rogative : C^ what eort or kind. 
—2. Relative : Of such a sort, 
or kind, as ; such as. - 3« Just as, 
like as; v. 213 [akin to Sans. 
ifca-«, "who?"]. 

quam, adv. [adverbial ace. 
fem. of quis, " what '*] 1. In 
what manner, how, as. — 2* After 
comparative wonls : Than. 

quam-qaam, copj. [quam. 



112 



VOCABULARY, 



"as," repeated! ("As as"; 
hence) Though, although. 

quam-vis, adv. and cox\j. 
[qoam, " as "; vis, 2. pers. sing. 
pres. ind. of vdlo, " to will or 
wish"] Xa Advt : At you will or 
with, at jfou like. — 2* Coni. 
[S 162, I, 6] : However, thouffh, 
although. 

qnas-BOf ssvi, satum, sare, 
1. v. a. inteus. [for qoat'SO ; fr. 
qo&t-Io, " to shake '^] To shake 
violently or repeatedly. 

qa&tXo« no perf., quassum, 
oa&tdre, 3. v. a. : !• To shake. — 
a* Toylague^ vex, karate. 

quattiorfnam. adj. indecl. 
JPour [akin to rcVaop^cc, rcrrop- 
«« ; also to Sans, ehatur (for ehat- 
wr)]. 

qudf enclitic conj. And:— 

aue . . . que, both . . . and; — 
le que at end of v. 422 is elided 
before the vowel with which 
the following line begins [akin 
toQr.Tc', "and"]. 

quels = qolbos ; V. 511. 

quemque, masc. ace. sing, 
of qaisqae; v. 661. 

ques-tiiBf tus, m. [qndror, 
"to complain," through root 
QDKs] 0" -^ complaining " ; 
hence) A complaint. 

qui, qnsB, quod, pron. : 1. 
Relative: a* Trho, wkich, whtU, 
tktit. — The Relative sometimes 
attracts tiie sabst. out of the 
demonstrative clause into its 
own ; see w. 28, 30 : ulla . . . 
qoam quse tellus, for nlla tellos 
, . . qnam quse (= ea quse). — ba 
At the beginning of a clause 
instead of a conj . and demonstr. 
pron : And thit, etc. — C* With 
ellipse of demonstrative pron. : 
Se, or the, who; that which; — at 
V. 713, qui = eos, qui; and 
qnos = eos, quos. — d« According 
to, by virtue of, tueh : ~ quae cm- 
que est copia, according to the 
abUi^ (or fneant) each pottettet. 



?. 



V. 100. — 2i. Ijuterrogative 
What. 

qui«af conj. [adverbial o^ 
ace. plur. of qui] [§ 163, ii, (I) 

1. Became.^2^, With suffi 
nam (also as two words, qui 
nam) : Ibr what eaute, wh^ 
wh^efore. 

qui&nam ; see quia, no. i 
qaioquld; eeequlsquis. 
qiii-ouinqae, qusa-cum 
ue, qaod-cumque, pron. rel 
qui; suifixcumque] Whoetet 
whatever ; whotoever, whattoever 

1. quid; see 1. and 2. quis. 

2. quid, adv. [ad verbis 
neut. of 1. quis, ^* who o 
what "] For wiuit purpote, etc. 
wherefore, why. 

quXdeiUf adv. Indeed, truly 

quI-eSf etis, f. ("A lyiu^ 
down " ; hence) Best, repost 
tleep [akin to Sans, root 91, *' ti 
lie down"]. 

quXe-BOOf evi, etom, esoSre 
3. V. n. [for quiet-scoj fr. quies 
qulet-is, "rest"] ("To be in j 
state of quiet"; hence) 1. 2^ 
rett, keep quiet. — 2* To ceate 
detitt. 

quiet-US, a, nm, adj. [quXe 
SCO, " to be quiet," through roo 
quibtJ Q,uiet, calm, tranquU, 

qui-n, conj. [for qui-ne; fr 
qui, abl. of relative pron. qui 
"who, which"; ne = non] ("B'' 
which not") 1. With Snbj.* 
I%U not, but that, without, from 
— 2a In interrogations or ex 
hortations : Why not, wkerefor 
not. 

qui-nlf nse, na, num. distrib 
adj.[for quinqu-ni ; fr. quinqu-e 
" five "] XmFive eweh or apiece,- 

2. Five. 

quique s qni, que ; v. 87. 

1. quiSf quse, quid {Qen 
cnjus; Dat. cui), pron. inter 
rog. : X« What, what tort qf, t 
person or thing. —2. Wko,wkat 
—As BubBt.lL: quid, Wka 



VOCABULARY. 



113 



fhing, what [Gr. Tts, *' who ? 
what?"!. 

2. qniSf no fern., quid, nron. 
indet. : 1. Any one, anybody; 
anything.— ^m quldf as Ace. of 
Respect: Jn any retpeet or de- 
grtBy at all; V. 6»8 [6r. tic, 

quiB-quamf qnae-qnam, 
({nic-qnam or qnid^quam, pron. 
indef.^Cquis, *' any one "; suffix 

guamj Any, any whatever. — As 
ubst. m. : Any one, anyboify. 

qilis-que« quse-qne, quod- 
que, pron. indef. [quis, ** any "; 
snflELz que] Each, every, any. — 
As Snbst. m. : Bach one, each. 

quis- qui 8, no fern., quod- 
quod, or quid-quid, or quic- 
3uid, pron. indef. [quis re- 
uplieated] Whatever, ichateo- 
ever, person or thing. — As 
Subist. : a* Masc. : Whoever, 
whoeoever. — hm Neut. : Whatever, 
whateoever. 

quo* ad7. [for quom, old 
form of quern, mace. arc. sing, 
of qui, " who, which "] To which 
place or »pot, whither, 

qudd; conj. [adverbial ace. 
neut. sing, of qui] 1. Iii that, 
becauee, ineumuch at. — 2. That. 

quo mddd (v. 699), the abl. 
catses of qui and modus re- 
spectively. The final syllable 
of tbe adv. quomddd is always 
short, hnd hence it cannot 
there be that word, used in 
tmesis. 

quon-dam, adv. [for 
quom-dam ; fr. quom, old form 
of quern, masc. ace. sinp. of 
qui; suffix dam] 1. At one 
time, once on a time, formerly. — 
2a At gome time, eometimee, at 
any time. 

qudn*iain,conj. [forquom- 
jam ; fr. quom = quum," since"; 
jam, "now"] Since now, tince 
then, eince, became. 

qudqnOy conj. Alto, too: — 



placed after the word to be 
emphasized. 

qudt-annlSf adv. [qudb, 
in force of " all, every, each "; 
annis, abl. plur. of annus, "a 
year "] ("In all years, in every 
year"; hence) Yearly, annually, 
in every or each year. 

quo-usque, adv. [for 
quum-nsque ; fr. quom, old 
form of quern, masc. ace. sing^. 
of qui, •'whatH"; usque, "un- 
til '*] Of time : Until what time, 
tUl when, how lona T 

quum (old form quom), 
relative adv. and causal conj. 
[for quom = quem, fr. qui, 
"who"] 1. Relative Adv.: 
(" To the time which ": hence) 
When.—^, Causal Conj. : (- To 
the end that or which '^ hence) 
Seeing that, tince, at, inatmuch at. 

rftb-les, lem, 16 (other 
cases do not occur), f. [rftb-o, 
"to rave"] ("A raving"; 
hence) Baqe,fury. 

r&d-lus, li, m. ("A staff or 
rod"; hence) A ray or beam 
[prob. akin to rad-ixj. 

rad-lz, icis, f. ('*The in- 
creasing, or growing, thing"; 
hence) A root of a tree, etc. 
[prob. akin to Sans, root vbidh, 
"to increase"]. 

r&do. rasi, r&snm, rii'lgre, 3. 
V. a. (" To scrape or scratch "; 
hence) 1. To ttmch in witting, 
brush along, graze.— 2% To sweep 
alon^ in flight through the air. 

ra-mus* mi, m. A bough, 
branch [prob. tor rad-mus; fr. 
same rootasrad-ix ; see radix]. 

r&p-Xdus, Ida, Idum, adj. 
[r&p-Io, in force of " to hurry 
onwards"] Hurrying onwardt; 
swift, rapid. 

r&p-iO,M. tnm, Sre, 3. v. a. : 

1. To snatch. — 2. To hurry, or 

snatch, away.—Zm To carry ojf 

forcibly.— Frsb. : rd.p-lor, tua 

I 



114 



VOCABULARY. 



enm, i [akin to Gr. opir-a^w, " to 
snatch, «/«.]• 

raptnSf a, nm, P. pert. pass, 
of r&plo. 

r&pHilf perf. ind. of r&plo. 

r&tls« is, f. (" A float, rafb"; 
hence) A hark, ve§$elf »hip [prob. 
akin to rdmus]. 

rau-oaSf ca, com, adj. Of 
thinfrs : Hoane, hoUow-touwUng, 
etc. [prob. akin to Sans, root 



Bu, ^'to ntter a (particular) 
sound "J. 

r6-eedOj cessi, cessnm, cSd- 
«re, 3. V. n. [rB, "away"; c6do, 
"to go "] C* To RO away, de- 
part";- hence) To vani$h, di$- 
appear^ p<u$ away. 

rdoeptaSf a, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of rSclpIo. 

rdoessly perf. ind. of re- 
cede. 

rdrOlplOy cSpi, ceptom, dp- 
8re, 3. V. a. [forrfi-c&plo; fr. rB, 
" again "; cipio, " to take "] To 
take or get again; to receive 
back. — Pass. : rd-cIdXor« 
ceptos sum, dpi. 

rd*oondo« con^di, cond- 
Itnm, condBre, 3. v. a. [rB, 
" without force ** ; condo, " to 
hide"] ("To hide, conceal"; 
henoe) to render of no account ^ 
to eauee to he forgotten. 

reo-tor« tdris, m. [for reg- 
tor ; fr. rBg-o, " to rule^'] (" He 
who rules "; hence) Of a ship : 
A $tetT$man, helmsman, pilot. 

rdcur-BUSy sus, m. [for 
rBcurr-sus; fr. rBcurr-o, to 
run back"] ("A running 
back"; hence) Of troops: A 
retreat. 

rd-OUS-O, ayi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [for rB-caus-o; fr. rB, 
" against "; caus-a, " a cause"] 
('* To assign a cause against ; 
hence) To decline, rtfuse, shrink 
from. 

rodaidi, perf. ind. of 
reddo. 



redditnSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of reddo. 

red-do, dldi, dltum, dBre, 3. 
V. a. [roii (= rB, with d for de 
demonstrative), ''back"; do, 
" to give "] 1« To give back, re- 
turn, re9tore.—2tm Pass, in re- 
flexive force : (" To give one's 
self back "; i. «.) To return, come 
bcu:k. — 3 a To render, yield, give. 
—4. With second Ace. : To 
render, or make, an object that 
which is denoted by the second 
Ace— Pass. : red*dor« ditus 
sum, di. 

rdd-do« Ivi or U, Itum, Ire, 
V. n. [red, see reddo; So, "to 
go"] To go or come back; to 
return. 

rddllssef perf. inf. of r«d- 
Bo. 

rd-d&oo, duzi, dnctum, 
dficBre, 3. v. a. [rB, "back"; 
duco, " to lead"] X. Of persons : 
To lead, or hrir^, back. — 2ia Of 
things : To draw back.— "Pass. : 
r6-ducor, ductus sum, duci. 

rdduotUB, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of rBduco. 

rdduXf rBdiicis, a^. [for 
rBduc-s ; fr. rBduc-o, " to lead 
back "J ("Led back"; hence) 
JBetumtiM, returned, come iodb ; 
— at V. 40 supply eos with rB- 
dftces. 

rdfSrenSf ntis, P. pres. of 
rBftro. 

rd-fSro« (ret-JttUi, latum, 
ferre, v. a. irreg. [rB, " back "; 
ftro, " to bring "] 1. To brina, 
or carry, back. — Z* To give back, 
return. — 3* To repeat, renew, 
restore. 

rd-f I§ro, fizi, fixum, flgBre, 
3. V. a. [rB, denoting " reversal " 
= "un-"; figo, '^to fix"] To 
utMx, ut^fasten, take down, remove. 
—Pass.: rd«fi§rorffixus sum, 
figi. 

reflzuSt &i um, P. perf. pass. 
ofrSfigo. 



bfungima to, a king; rofal.—A, 
qfrotai urn, or imtnl, 

re|r-nimi,Dl, d. [rtg-o. "ic 
role"'] r'Thu whicb ralM|'i 

heneeS 1> A (trHtorj. coiitiij, 

power.— a. A kitigdam. 

rtKO, rsji, ractmn, rtge™. 
or tt«hip'ii*01ij«!i.'roA«d' 

r^Jfiol. pert, ind, of r*ilolo. 
rSJeotanSiiiUs. P. pm. ol 



VOCABULARV. 



r6-mltt«. vial, raieBaiii, 
mitt*™. S, V. ft. [rs, "hiMjk"j 
mitto] l.jmltto,^- to atlnv to 

■■ » «u,l "J r<, 



■d:^ 



\ {^-r. 



rfi-Jlaio, jici. iKtam, Jlc- £p«1. 
»rs, 3. Y. ft. rror ri-ikilo ; fr. r«, ' i4or, ritiw 
■■baef; jicio, '■ to ca ' "' " ■ " - 



rt-llmino. nqui, iidnm, i 
llaqtiilTe. 3. T. ft. [rA, ^' witbont 
foroe"j litiquo, "to leftvo"] 1, | 
TaUattoiq^l.—^.Tolmthi. . 
Umd, 1«H.— X. To gim iij 
tign, ll9aa. — ft. To fOttakt, i 
An. — Fan. ; rfillnqaoT, i 

1, perf. ind. of v 



. St folld. h; Ohj'ectivs cli 
Tipent-e.ftdv. [r*peni 
jit-iB, "Badden"] SniU 



..r^or-rt:p« 
,pilr,o,",o 



feaS" behind/' \hrouah rent 

KnqDon ('■■ The' itiiucB left he- 
hind •■[ hence) TIf r'lir,, re- 

ftoTtliiiut. tic. 

m«lri, *. V. deil [■«. " In^k or 



prodnce ■■] 



— PftSfi. ; r»^6or^ 



re-pAttft, pMli, pfialtiUD, 

i"ro pnt. BT plate, apdn j 
beDce) To repUtpa, restore, rent^ 
—Z. [rt, ■■ B£ide or ftwftj "J Te 



Ii6 



VOCABULARY. 



put atide or away ; to lay down^ 
fidqff. 

re-qules* qtddtis and 
quSSi, f. rr«, '^without force "; 
qnles, •'^reat"] Be$t, repose, 
retwte, etc. 

fdSf rSi, f. (" That which is 
spoken of"; hence) Xm A ma- 
terial thinfft an object^ etc. — 2* 
A thing, 'matter, event, affair, 
eircumttance. — 3. Property, pot- 
teuiom [akin to Gr. pe-w, " to 
say or speak"]. 

rdseal, perf. ind. of t6< 
sado. 

rd-servo, serv&yi, serv- 
atum, servare, 1. v. a. [rd, 
•* back "; servo, " to keep "] To 
keep bach, reserve. 

rd-sido, sedi, no sup., sid- 
8re, 3. v. n. [r8, " without force"; 
sido, *' to seat one's self"] 1. 
To seat one's self, sit down, take 
one*s seat,— 2im To settle, Jix 
one's, etc., abode. 

r6-s6no« sdnavi, no sap.» 
sdnare, 1. v. n. [r6, " back 
again"; sdno, "to sound"] 
(" To sound back again " ; 
hence) To resound, re-echo. 

respXoXenSy ntis, P. pres. 
of resplclo. 

re-spIclOt spexi, spectum, 
splcdre, 3. v. n. [for re-spdcio ; 
tr. r6, "back"; sp«clo, "to 
look at"] 1. To look back at or 
upon. — Z* To see behind one, at 
one's back or in one's rear ; — at 
V. 666 folld. by Objective clause. 

respon-Bum, si, n. [for 
raspond-sum; ft*, respond'^, 
**to answer"] ("An answer, 
reply " ; hence) Of a priest, 
soothsayer, etc.: An oracular 
response, oracle, etc. 

restlnctasya, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of restinguo ;— at v. 608 
stipply est witV restinctus. 

re-stlngruo, stinxi, stinc- 

tnin, Btingu&rQ, 3. \'. a. [rS, 

" wJUiout force "; stinguo, ^* to 



extinguish "] To extingui^ 
put out, quench.— VBas. : r^ 
stingruoTf stinctus b\mi 
stingui. 

rdsul-tO, tavi, latum, tar 
1. V. n. [for rSsal-to ; fr. rfistt 
(i. e. rds&lio), " to leap back, 
through root rbsal (= re ; sa 
root of saWo)] ("To leap, < 
spring, back ; hence) To r 
verberate, re-echo, resouni. 

r6-t6grOt texi, tectum, tS; 
^re, 3. V. a. [rS, denoting " n 
vereal " ; tSgo, ** to cover ' 
("To uncover"; hence) To di 
close, make vuiible, show, reoeal. 

r^ten-tOy tavi, tatum, tar( 
1. V. a. intens. [r6tIn6o (t. 
r^tSnSo), " to hold back, 
through root betkk (= re ; te] 
root of tSnSo)] To hold, or keej 
back;—aA v. 278 supply 8u] 
(s serpentem) after rStentat- 

rdtezdrim* perf. su^j. < 
rStdgo. 

re-tlndo« tlntii, tentnn 
tSnere, 2. v. a. [for rd-t8ndo ; f 
r6, " back "; tfin^o, " to hold * 
To hold, or keep, back; to defav 
restrain ;— at v. 669 supply ftuj 
as nearer Object. 

re-tr&bOf traxi, tractnu 
trfthfire, 3. v. a. [r6, "back' 
tr&ho, " to draw "J To draw, c 
drag, back. 

re-tro« adv. [r«, "back* 
Back, backwards; — at v. 428 th 
e is short. 

rett&llf perf. ind. of i«f8n 

rd-US, i, m. [res, r6-i, i 
force of " a Inw-suit, an actio 
at law "] (" Oue pertaining t 
res"; hence, "one under a 
obligation to do or pay some 
thing"; hence, in figurativ 
force) With Gen. : One answei 
able, or responsible, for somc 
thing; a debtor with respect i 
something :—voti TGXis,{adebtt 
with resp-et to, i. e.) bound by m, 
vow, V. 237. 



VOCABULARY. 



117 



rd- veil Of velli, rulsam, 
Telldre, 3. v. a. [r6. "away"; 
vello. "to pluck "J To pluck 
avajf ; to tear off or away. — 

P«iss. : rd-rellor* vuIbus 
Bnm^ velU. 

re-vertor, versua Bnm, 
eerti, 3. v. dep. n. [rt, " back *'; 
'rertor (pass, of verto, in re- 
iexive force), "to turn one's 
aeP," ^C'l To turn one'a telf, 
etc., baek; to return, go back 
again. 

rdv6e&tiis, a, nm, P. i>erf. 
pass, of rdvdoo. 

r6-vdeo, vdcsvi, vdcatum, 
vdcare, 1. v. a. : 1. (rA, " back "; 
v6co, "to call"] To eaU back, 
recall^ — at v. 476 in flenrative 
force.— 21. [t6, " again ^'; v6co, 
" to call oub "J To call out again 
or repeatedly, to keep culling out ; 
—at V. 167 followed by clause 
(qu6 . . . Mencete) as Object.— 
Pass.: r6-v6cory atus sum, 
iri. 

rdv61utiiB, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of rSvolvo. 

rd-VOlVO, volvi, vdlQtnm, 
volvfire, 3. v. a. [rS, " back '•; 
volvo, "to roirn ("To roll 
back"; hence) Pass, in re- 
flexive force : To roll one*» telf 
back ; i. e. to roll, fall, or sink 
backward*. — Pass. : Pe-VOlV- 
or, vdlutns sum, volvi. 

rdvdmens, ntis, P. pres. 
of rSv6mo. 

rd-vdmOf v5m&i, no sup., 
v6mSre, 3. v. a. [r6, " again "; 
vdmo, "to vomit up"] TovomU, 
or throw up, again. 

rdTnlsuSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of rSvello. 

rex, regis, m. [for reor-s ; fr. 
r«g-o, "to rule"] ("He who 
rules"; hence) A king:— rex 
Olympi, the king ofOlymptu, i. e. 
•iiipiter. V. 633. 

Stioete-iu8, la. Yum, adj. 
[lUuBte-um, * Rhceteum," a 



town and promontory of the 
Troad country. The town is 
now supposed to be represented 
by " Paleo Castro," and the pro- 
montory is called " Intepen "] 
Of, or belonging to, Shateum; 
Khatfean. 

riddOf risi, riflum, riddre, 2. 
V. n. and a. : !■ Neut. : To 
laugh. — 2* Act. : To laugh at 
[prob. akin to BcBOtian upiUui 

rigr-oO, &i, no sup., Are, 2. 
y. n. To be et^ff [akin to Gr. 
pty-e*»]. 

risiy perf. ind. of ridfo. 

rite, adv. [adverbial abl. of 
obsol. ritis s ritus, " a rite "; 
hence, " a custom," ete.^ (" Ac- 
cording to custom or usage," 
etc.; hence) Duly, rightly, o- 
right. 

rl-vus, vi, m. ("That 
which flows " ; hence) ('♦ A 
stream " of water, " a brook "; 
hence) Of perspiration : A 
stream [akin to 6r. pe-w ; Sans, 
root SRu, " to flow "]. 

rd-bur, bdris, n. ("The 
strong thing"; hence, "an 
oak-tree, oak"'; hence, as made 
of oak) The beam$, or timbert, 
of a ship. 

Sdma, 88, f. JSome; a city 
of central Italy, on the banks 
of the Tiber, the capital of 
the Roman Empire.— Hence, 
&dm-anuB, ana, anum, ac^. 
Of, or belonging to. Some; Mom' 
an [usually considered akin to 
putfiri, " strength"; but perhaps 
connected withp«'-«, "to flow*'; 
ptv-fia, "a stream or river"; 
akin to Sans, root sbv, "to 
flow"; and so, "The stream- 
er river-city "]. 

RomanuB, a, um; see 
Boma. 

roB, roris, m. (" Dew " ; 
hence) Moiefure of any kind 
falling in droi>8 [prob. akin to 



Ii8 



VOCABULARY. 



Gr. 3p<(a--(K, and cp<r-t} ; also to 
Sans, ras-a, ** water, juice "; fr. 
root TgisH, ** to rain, to moist- 
en"]. 

ros-tmin, tri, n. [for rod- 
tnun ; fr. rod-o. "to gnaw""] 
'•The accoraplisher of ^aw- 
injr"; hence, "a bill or beak" 
of animals ; hence) Of a ship : 
The beak, or projecting prow. 

rdta, 8B, f. A wheel [akin to 
Sans. ra<Aa, "a car or chariot"]. 

r&denSyntis, m.: XmArope, 
line, 0ord. — 2. Plur. : The cord- 
age, or rigging, of a vessel. 

mmpOy '^P't mptnm, 
rnmpdre, 3. v. a. To break, burst 
[root Rup, akin to Sans, root 
LUP, "to break"]. 

ra-Of i, tam, fire, 3. v. n. 
(" To fall with violence, fall 
down "; hence) To ru$h. 

rup-es, is, f. [ru(m)p-o, 
" to break," through root bup] 
(***The broken, or rent, thing *'• 
hence) A $teep rock; a roek in 
general. 

rGipiy perf. ind. of rumpo. 

tfnrsus, adv. [oontr. fr. rg- 
versus,** turned back"] (" Back, 
backwards"; hence) JBack a- 
gain ; again, atuw, afresh. 

■&0*er, ra, mm, adj. Sacred, 
consecrated, holy, — ^As Subst. : 
saor-unif l, n. : a* A sacred, 
or holv, thing. — ^b* A sacred rite, 
etc. [root SAC, akin to Gr. 
ay-ioi, " holj "; Sans, root taj, 
** to worship " (the deities)]. 

s&cer-dd-Bf dotis, comm. 
gen. [for s&cer-da- (t)s ; fr. sacer, 
sac(ejr-i ; da, root of do, " to 
give**] C* One given, or ^ving 
himself, etc., to sacred things"; 
hence) 1. A priest. — 2f A 
priestess. 

■a->orOf avi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [s&oer, sacr-i, "sacred"] 
jf*'To make sacred"; hence) 
^o oonteeratet dedicate, etc. 



■acmm, i; seesftoer. 

S8ep-e» adv. [obsol. ssp-in, 
"frequent"] FregneiMg, often, 
oftentimes, 

■8ev-Xo« ii, itnm, ire, 4. v. n. 
[s»v-u8, " fierce 'H ("To be 
fierce"; hence) Z. To rage, 
be furiuus. — 2. Of the barking 
of dogs : To be fkriout, t0 rim 
fitriouslg. 

■aBVUB, a, um : 1. Fierce, 
ragina. furious. — 2. Of things: 
Cruel, fell, terrible. 

Sagr&ris, is, m. The Sagarie, 
called also the Sangarius (now 
the Saearia or Auala) ; a 
river flowing throngn Phiygia 
and Bithynia, and falling into 
the Pontus Euxinus (the Eusdne 
or Black Sea) [TAyafu.^ (sup- 
posed to be of Persian origin), 
** Bill-hook "]. 

S&§rlttaf 88, f. An arrow, 
shaft. 

■aly s&lis, m. (rarely n.) 
(*• Salt"; hence) The salt water, 
the sea, the briny ocean [akin to 
Gr. oAs, aA-<K, and Sans, ear- 
asl 

B&nuB, ¥i, m. Smlius; an 
Acamanian, who contended in 
the foot-race at the ftmeral 
games of Anchlses [SoAioc 1. 

■al-su8, sa, sum, a4j. [sal* 
" salt "] Salt, briny. 

s&lu-Sf tis, f. [for saly-tB ; 
fr. salv-fio, " to be well or in 
good health"] ("The being 
well or in good health"; hence, 
" health "; hence) Safety. 

salve, salvete ; see salv* 

■alv-do, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 2. v. n. [salv-us, " well, 
sound" in health] X- To be 
well, or sound in health. — 2a As 
a mode of salutation : Imperat. 
pres. : salve, salvete* Hail 
(thou or you, according to num- 
ber of verb). 

sanc-tns, ta, turn, a^j 



VOCABUZAXy. 



[tanc-to, " lo reaiter. 



■scri&cial TictimB.— Z. 1 
•Ixk, familf [akin to B 

narglt.—i. Used sa indecl . . 



-: , " The Treimer"w Ton 
'; ' si (redupllcBtgct »( 



rSitarn-iu, " Buarn'"; an'anc' 

deifl&l, vid earlr leffarded oa 
Identical wlLli li " ^ 
Kpdrm] O/', or 

applied to Jdiio oa tiie daatThter i roji 

■tttdr-O. tvL. ttara. ire, cer 
1. V. a. [rttnr, ''ftiU of food, I loo 
miBd"] ("To make toivr".- ofg 
htmce) Jo mfu/y, mjimm. m. , Of 

by Ace. of "Reapect" [| 100], 
—Fat*. : aBit&i^or, iSa» aom, 



To cut"; bence} TocttOireKsk 

id or sbiuB: 'lai To toii rupMiji 
lo, ' Ikmagi, — (bj To Jt^ •lij/I^ 



■6oai, p 



d. c[i» 



1! tr. ««qn- 



Bfo-UDdUB, unda, 

' adj. [for BMU-uodus! ,_ 

or. ''lo follow"] C'rollow- 
; heuce) 1« Of tbe wind : 
/uMoi-ut/< as following 



~-«Jnorden 



■cirem. Imperf. aabj. o 

■odpttloa,!. m. A mojitt 
ing fnixl of rort , a twi, cliff 

ontpiKo"]. 
Bojrila, B, r. Scflla: Ihi 

aeetof^Dsaa. Itnafn^ed 
probablj, alter Bcylla, tbi 



imetbing liefo 



i a«d, COD 



120 



VOCABULARY, 



tmrt from, sotting asidb"; 
hence) BiU : — sed enim, but in- 
deed^ but in truth, v. 305. 

SdddOySddi, seAsnm, sddere, 
2. T. n. ("To Bit"; hence) 1. 
To be eneamped. — 2« To be 
Httledtfixed, determined on, etc., 
in the mind [nkin to Gr. e^ofi-ai 
( = eSorojuKu), Sans, root su>, " to 
Bit 'J. 

sed-es, is, f. [sdd-So, *' to 
Bit"] ("That on which one 
sits "; hence, " a seat "; hence) 
\m A dwelling-place, abode.^^m 
Of a deity: A temple, as if a 
place of residence. 

Sdd-Ue, ills, n. [id.] (" A 
thing pertaining to sitting " ; 
hence) A seat, bench, etc. 

■egrnls, e, a^. Slow, tardy, 
elug^ieh. 

■emX-ndc-ls (Nom. not 
found), adj. [semi, "half"; 
nex, n6c-is, " death "1 (" Hav- 
ing half death "; «. e) Half -dead, 
half-killed, 

■em-per* adv. Ever, al- 
ways, at all timee [akin to Sans. 
sam-a, in force of " all "]. 

■em-ns-tnSf ta, turn, adj. 

{^another form of seml-us-tus ; 
br seml-nr-tus; £r. sem-I, 
" half "; ur-o, " to bmn "] Half- 
burned, half-burnt. 

s6nect-a, sb, f. [sfinect-ns, 
"old"] Old age. 

■dneo-tns, tutis, f. [for 
sdnic-tus ; £r. sdnex, (old gen.) 
sSnlc-is, "old"] ("The state, 
or condition, of the senex" ; 
hence) Old age. 

■dneSf nm, plar. of stoex. 

■6n-ez, is (originally Icis), 
adj. [s«n.eo, "to be old"] Old, 
aged, full of yeurm. — As Subst. 
m. : An old man. |^^ Comp. : 
sdn-Ior. 

■e-nlf nsB, na, num. distrib. 
adj. [for sex-ni; fr. sex, " six "] 

^" Six each or apiece "; hence) 
'ix. 



sdnlor« no neut, oomp. of 
sSnex; — often to be rendered 
old, aged. — As Subst. : An elder, 
an elderlv person, an old man. 

sensif perf. ind. of sentlo. 

sentent-Xa, ise, f. [for 
sentlent-Ia; fr. sendens, sent- 
lent-is, *• thinking "J (" A 
thinking or way of thinking "; 
hence) !■ An opin'on. — 2* A 
determination, purpose. 

sentiOf sensi, sensum, sent^ 
ire, 4. V. a. : 1* To be sensible of, 
to perceive, something. — 2« With 
Objective clause : To be sensible, 
or perceive, that, etc. 

■ept-eilif num. adj. in- 
decl. Seven [akin to 6r. eirr-d. ; 
Sans, sapt-an"]. 

sept-enuSy §na, Snum, 
num. distrib. adj. [sept-em, 
" seven "] (" Seven each or 
"; h( 



apiece"; hence) Seven. 
sept-ImuSy Ima, 



Imum, 



i 



9VfVI<~«Aft««*9y IJLXja, lUlU 

num. ord. adj. [id.] Seventh. 

■e4ll-az,acis,adj. [s£qu-or, 
"to follow"] ("Prone to fol- 
low"; hence) Pursuing, chasing, 
etc. 

■Sqaendly Gemnd in di 
fir. sgquor. 

■equenSy ntis, P. pres. of 
sSquor;— atv. 227 supply 6um 
(— Gldanthum) wiiJi sSqu- 
entem. 

s^qu-orf utus sum, i, 3. 
V. dep. a. and n. : 1* To follow, 
in fullest sense of the word. — 
2. With accessory notion of 
hostility: To follow qfier, pur- 
sue, chase. — 3« To come next or 
after.— -^m To go to* or towards, 
a place [akin to Gr. iir-o/xat, 
Sans, root sach]. 

■dquutns, a, um, P. x)erf. 
of sfiquor ;— at v. 296 supply est 
with sfiquii^ns. 

sSivetuSf a, um, adj. 
(" Glitteriiig '' ; hence) Fair, 
bright, calm, serene [akin to 
1 Sans, root sub, " to glitter"]. 



VOCABULAR Y. 



121 



SdrestUSf i, m. Sere$tu$; 
a Trojan, who commanded one 
of the ships in the fleet of 
^rieas ; vv. 487-9. 

SerfrestaSy i, m. Serye$tu$; 
a Trojan, who commanded 
•• The Centaur •* at the foneral 
eames held in honour of 
Anchises. From him, accord- 
ing to Virgil, the Sergian 
house, or family, at Rome were 
descended. 

(1. SergrXuSyli, m." Sergius*'; 
the name of a Roman house or 
fomily.— Hence) SerffX-us,a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, the 
JSergii ; Sergian ; see Sergestus. 

2. SergrXns, a, um; see 1. 
Sergius. 

■erOf sSvi, B&tnm, s^rSre, S. 
V. a. : 1. Of a father : To beget.— 
2. P. perf. pass, with Abl. of 
Origin t§ «?3J : ("Begotten by"; 
hence) Sprung from .- — s&tns 
Ancfalsa s .^nSas, vv. 244, 424. 
— Pass. uiroTf B&tus sum, 
sdii [akin to Sans, root sir, " to 
beget "]. 

serpenSf ntis, P. pres. of 
serpo. — As Subst. m. or f. ("A 
creeping thing "; t. e.) A Hnake, 
serpent. 

■erp-o« si, turn, Sre, 3. v. n. 
To creep, crawl [Gr. epirw]. 

sems, a, um, adj. : 1. Late. 
— 2. Too late. 

serva, sb. f. (" She who is 
dragged away or taken cap- 
tive ■': hence) A female $lave [G&. 
ipii-ojj. 

serv&tnSf a, um. P. perf. 
pass, of servo ; — at v. 889 Supply 
sunt with servatSB. 

&9rv-o, ftvi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. ("To drag away" from 
an enemy, etc.; hence) !■ To 
save, preseroCf protect, keep un- 
harmed. — 2* To give heed to^ ob- 
eerve, etc.— 3. To dwell in, in- 
hibit, etc.— Pass.: Berv-or, 
atus sum, ari [Gr. epv-w]. 



■Sse 3 see b6. 

sen ; see sive. 

si, conj. : 1. If.—Z. Nearly 
in the force of ut or quum: 
When FGr. •!]. 

Sibif dat. sing, of per?, 
pron. stii ; — at v. 61 the final I 
IS short. 

SlbXl-US, a, nm, a<lj. [sibll- 
o, "to hiss "J Himnng; — only 
found in form slblla. 

Si-byl-la, l8B. f. ("A fe- 
male soothsayer or prophetess' ' ; 
esp.) The Gun eean Sibyl (the 
' prophetess of Apollo at Cumse 
: on the coast of Campania in 
] Italy) who was to accompany 
iBneas in his descent to the 
lower world ; v. 736. This de- 
scent is described by Virgil in 
! iEneid. Bk. 6 [St/SvAAa, Doric 
form Si/ioAAa = either ee-/3oi;A-T} 
(fle-<J«, "a god"; ^owA-ij, 
" cotmsel") , " a god*s counsel"; 
or Ai-powA-ii (Aio«, Gen. of 
Z«v?, "Jove"; ^ol;A-1), '* coun- 
sel "), " Jove's counsel "]. 

■l-O, adv. [for si-ce; akin to 

Eronominal root hi found in 
ic, is, etc.; with sufl^ ce] !■ 
In this voay, in tueh a wag, $o, 
thug. — 2* Jn the foregoing way, 
thus. — 3* In the following way, 
aa follows. 

(Slcanl, drum, m. plur. 
" The Sicani "; a very ancient 
people of Italy on the Tiber, a 

Sortion of whom migrated to 
icily.— Hence) Slcail-us,a, 
um, adj. (*• Of^ or belonging to, 
the Sicani; Sicanian "; hence) 
Sicilian.— Aa Subst. : SXcani, 
6rum, m. plur. The people of 
Sicily, the Sicilians. 

Bfoo-UB, a, urn, adj. Dry 
[akin to Sans- root 9vsh, " to 
become dry "]. 

Si-ctibl, adv. [si. "if"; 
cttbi (=ttbi), *• where "J If any- 
where, whertfoever. 

81clil-us, a, um, adj. 



122 



VOCABULARY. 



rSlcW-i. " the Siculi, or Sicil- 
ians "] (•• Of, or belonging to, 
the Sicali"; hence) <9icv?uim, 
Sieilian. 

Siddn-YuB, la, Inm, a4j. 
rSidon, Sid6n.is,"Sidon" (now 
'''Said or Saida"). the most 
celebrated city of Phcenicia on 
the borders of the Holy Land, 
and the mother-city of Tyre] 
Oft or belonging to, Sidon; 
SUdonian. 

sld-nSf ^ris. n. ("Shape, 
form"; hence) 1. A star. — 2. 
Sts. in plur. : The $tar$ for the 
heavens, the sky; y. 266 [6r. 
ctt-os]. 

Slgrn-Oy ftvi, atnm, &re, 1. 
V. a. [sign-um, "a mark"] (" To 
set a mark upon"; hence) 1. 
To mark. — 2* To mark out, note, 
observe, etc. 

■ifniuin, i, n. : 1. ^ mark, 
token, or sign. — 2* A signal. — 3* 
A figure in relief on silver plate, 
etc. 

■yi»6o« &i, no snp., dre, 2. 
V. n. Of things: To be still or 
noiseless. 

■llv-a, », f. A wood [Gr. 
iJAf.,,]. 

Sim-Ills, He, adj. With Dat. 
or Gen. [§ 106, (1) ; Notes to 
Syntax, p. 136, ^1: Like, sim- 
ilar to [akin to Gr. o^-okx ; and 
Sans, sam-a, in force of 
"like"]. 

SXmdiS, entis (Ace. SIm5- 
enta, vv. 261, 631, 803), m. The 
IHmois (now Mendes) ; a small 
river of Troas in Asia Minor, 
falling into the Scamander [Gr. 

2(M0ct«]. 

Sim-Illy adv. At the same 
time, together [akin to Gr. 6<»- 
oiof ; Sana. «ain-a]. 

simiila-oniin, cri, n. 

rsImttl(a)-o, "to make like"] 

("That which is made like" 

any object; hence, " a likeness, 

imaere "; hence) A shadow, sem- 



blance, appearance: — pugnse 
simulacra, semblances qf a battle, 
i. e. sham-battles, v. 685 ; su, 
belli simulacra, v. 674. 

1. sinOf pres. imperat. of 
sino ; vv. 163, 717. 

2. Sine* prep. gov. abl. 
[akin t-> se, " apart "J 1. With- 
out.— 2m In poetry otlen used 
in combination with a noun in 
the place of an adj. containing 
the reverse of the meanmg to 
such noun: — sine honore, dis- 
honoured, V. 272. 

sXneSy 2. pers. sing. fut. 
ind. of sino. 

sinister* tra. tmm, adj. 
Left, i. e. on the I^eft hand or side. 
-'As Subst. : Sinistra, se, f. 
The left hand or side. 

Sinistra, se ; see sinister. 

sino* sivi, sltum, sindre, 
3. V. a. To permtf, allow, staffer; 
—at vv. 163, 717 folld. by sim- 
ple Subj., ut being understood 
L§ 164]. 

sinus* us, m. ("A bent 
surface, a curve," etc. ; hence) 
\mA bay, harbour, gu^.— 2m The 
belly or bend of a sail. 

Si-quls, no fern., quid, in- 
def. pron. subst. [si, "if"; 
quis, " any one," etcj If any 
one or anybody ; if anything. 

Sirenes, um, f. plur. The 
Sirens ; birds with the faces cf 
maidens, having their habita- 
tion on the S. coast of Italy. 
By the peculiar sweetness of 
their voices they enticed on 
shore those who were sailing 
by, and then killed them: — 
Sirenum scopAli, the rocks of the 
Sirens, the name of three rocky 
islets off the S.W. coast of 
Campania, between Surrentum 
and Caprese. v. 864. 

si-ve (contr. sen), conj. 
[si, "if"; ve." or"] Or i/. 

1. s6c-iUB, li (Gen. Plur. 
85cl&m for soclorum, v. 174), m. 



VOCABULARY. 



123 



A .friend, eompamon, comrade 
[akin to Sans eakk-Q. 

2. sdoX-liBf a, am, adj. 
[1. 6dcl-U8, •• a friend"] Cf, or 
belonging to, a friend OT friends. 

Sdly soils, m. The eun [akin 
to Gr. ^A-to« ; Sans, evarl. 

sola-tiiiin« li, n. [6d1(a)- 
or, "to console"] Contolation, 
comfort, solace;— at v. 367 in 
plur. 

■dl&tUB, a, am, P. perf. of 
Bdlor. 

sdl-^Of Itus sam, ere, 

2. V. n. semi-dep. To be wont or 
accuetomed. 

■dlltnSt a, am, P. perf. of 
s5ldo ;— at v. 370 supply est with 
a&lltus. 

soll-enn-iSf e, adj. [for 
soll-ann-is ; fr. soil-as (s totas), 
•* whole, coraplete"; ann-as, " a 
year "] (" That takes place 
when the -year is complete"; 
hence) Of religions rites, etc. : 
la Yearly, annual.— ^m Stated, 
apjtointea, euetomarjf. — 3a Se- 
Itgioue, festive, solemn, — As 
Subst. : sollenne* is, n. A 
religious or solemn rite ; a festival, 
solemnity, solemn games. 

Sdlor. atas sam, &ri, 1. 
T. dep. To comfort, solace, con- 
sole. 

sdl-mn, 1, n. [prob. ft. root 
SOL a ssn in sSd-fo, ** to sit "] 
("That on which a thing is 
seated, placed," etc.; hence, 
*' the lowest part or bottom " 
of a thine; hence) la The 
ground, soil.—^m The water be- 
neath a vessel, as that which 
supports it or on which It 
rests ; v. 199. 

■dins, a, am (Gen. sdlius; 
Dat. soli), a4j. : 1> Alone.— Zm 
The only one who or that. 

solvere, 3. pers. plur. perf. 
ind. of solvo. 

■O-lvo, Ivi, ICitum, IvSre, 

3. V. a. [for se-lfto ; fr. se, '• a- 



part"; liio,"to loosen"] ("To 
loosen apart"; hence) !• To 
unloose, untie, unbind. — 2a 
Nautical 1 1. : solvdre f&nem, 
{To loose the cable; i.e.) To 
weigh anchor, set sail, put to sea. 
— ia To jKMrt, sefHirxUe. — %m Of 
the efiHects of sleep, etc. : To 
relax, render powerless. — 5a Of 
fear as Object : To banish, ea*t 
qf, dismiss, etc. 

■omn-Xum, II. n. [somn- 
us, "sleep"! ("That which 
pertains to sleep"; hence) A 
dream. 

SOm-nUB, ni, m. : la Sleep. 
— 2ia Personified: Somnus, the 
god of fleep ; v. 838 [akin to 
Gr. vn-vof; Sans, svap-na, tr. 
root svAp, " to sleep "J. 

sdnanB, ntis, P. pres. of 
sfino. 

sdn-ItnSf ItOs, m. [sdn-o, 
"to sound"] la A sound.— Z, 
A noise, crash, din. 

8dn-0» tti, Itura, &re, 1. v. n. 
To sound, resound [akin to Saus. 
root svAir, "to sound"]. 

8611-UB, 1, m. [sdn-o, "to 
sound"] (" Thatwhichsounds"; 
hence) Of the voice: Sound, 
tone. 

■dp-lo, ivi or li, itum, ire, 
4. v. a. ("To lull to sleep"; 
hence) Of things : To lay to rest, 
settle, ^ie* ;— sopiti ignes, the 
fires that had been laid to rest, 
i. e. that had sunk 2ow.— Pass. : 
■5p-Xor« itus sum, iri [akin 
to Sans, root SVAP, " to sleep"]. 

sdpItuSf a, nm, P. pert*, 
pass, of sdplo. 

■dpdratas, a» am, P. perf. 
pass, of sdporo. 

s6pdl>Oy avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [Rfipor, sdpdr-in, 
"sleep"] (•''To endue with 
sopor *^ ; hence) To render, or 
make, soporific.— VsiBd.'. sdpdr* 
or, atus sum, ari. 

■ors, tis, f . : Xm A lot by 



124 



VOCABULARY 



which a thing is determined.— 

2. Lott L e. fate, de»tiny, for- 
tune^ etc. 

sort-Ior^ itns sum, iri, 
4. V. dep. [sors, sort-is, •• a 
lot "] To allot, tUKign by lot. 

spar-ffOf si, sum, gdre, 

3. V. a.: X. To Ktrew, tcatter. 
— ^m To bestrew with something. 
— 3. To spread abroad, spread, 
etc.— Fass. : spar-8ror« sas 
sum, gi [o-n-ap, root of 6r. 
airtifHo, "to sow"; hence, "to 
scatter or strew like seed *']. 

sparsuSf a, tun, P. perf. 
pass, of spargo. 

sp&tiam, ii, n. : !■ Space, 
distance, interval; — at V. 325 
plur. for sing. — 2. A race- 
course [Gr. andBiov, .^olic I'orm 
of CTaSioi']. 

spec-to, tavi, tatum, tare, 
1. V. a. intens. r8i)6c-Io, " to 
look at"] To look at much or 
earnestly ; to keep looking at ; to 
gaze at; — at v. 655 spectare is 
the Historic Inf. [§ 140, 2]. 

spdcftlatus, a, um, P. 
•gen. of spficfilor. 

spdou2-orf atns sum, ari, 
1. V. dep. [sp^cfil-a, " a look- 
out place"] ("To employ a 
specula for any pui-pose ; 
hence) To spy out, desciy, catch 
a sight of. 

spelunoa, sb, f. A cave, 

cavern [Gr. «nr^A»ry^]. 

sperenif pres. sabj. of 
spero. 

sper-O, avi, atum, are, 
1. V. a. : With Inf. : To hope, or 
expect, to do, etc. [akin to Sans, 
root SFBiH, "to desire, long 
for"]. 

spe-S, 6i (Gen. Bat. and 
Abl. Plur. only in post-classical 
writers), f. [for sper-s ; fr. sper- 
o; as seen by sper-es, an old 
Ace. Plur. in one of the earliest 
Roman writers] So2te, expecta- 
tion. 



spIotk-lniBvli, n. dim. [for 
spic6-lum; ft*, spicum (= 
spICa), uncontr. gen. spicd-i, 
" 6 point"] (" A small point"; 
hence, " the point of a missile 
or weapon"; hence) A dart, 
javelin. 

SpiOf fis, f. 8pio; a sea- 
nymph, one of Neptune's at> 
tendants [Gr. Sirciw, " She of 
the cavern or grotto; Cavern- 
nymph, Grotto-nymph**]. 

spIr-Xtus, itus, m. [spir-o, 
"to breathe"] ("A breath- 
ing **; hence) Spirit, energy, etc. ; 
a majestic, or dignified, bearing. 

spirOf avi, 4tum, are, 1. v. n. 
To breathe, blow. 

spissuSf a, um, a^j. Thick, 
denxe. 

spdllfttaSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of si)dllo. 

spdll-0« &vi, atum, are, 
1. V. a. [8i)51I-um, ** that which 
is stripped off"] (" To strip, or 
deprive, of covering **; hence) 
1. To spoil, strip, ri/Z«.— 2. With 
Abl. [§ 119, 6] : To dei^ve, or 
bereave, of; to despoil or strip 
cf. — Pass.: sp6iX-ort atus 
sum, ari. 

sp61-lam, n, n. ("That 
which is stripped oflf"; hence) 
1. Arms, armour, etc., stripped 
off a fallen foe. — 2. SjmU, booty, 
plunder [Gr. aKv\-\u», " to strip, 
flay »*]. 

spond-6o« spdpondi, spon- 
sum, spondere, 2. ▼. a. (Law 
and Mercantile 1. 1., in bar- 
gains, etc. : " To covenant, to 
pledge one's self** ; hence) 
Without Object: To promise 
solemnly, to make a solemn pro- 
mise ; v. 18. 

spumanSv ntis, P. pres. of 
spumn. 

spum-Of avi, fitum, &re, 
1. V. n. [spum-a, " foam**] To 
foam. 

squa-maf mae, f . : Of a 



VOCABULARY, 



l; 



pnake, etc. : \m A ncaU. •— 2* 
SinpT. in collective force : 8eale$. 

standlf Gerund in di fr. 
sto. 

stans. ntis, P. pres. ofeto. 

sUUtlO, tldnis, f. [8t(a)-o, 
"to stand"] ("A standing"; 
hence) A tttUioHf poit, tpot, 

GtfG 

stel-laylse, f. [for ster-la; 
fr. ster-no, " to strew "] (" The 
Btrewer" of light; hence) A 
$tar. 

Ster^nOf stra-vi, 8tr&-tam, 
8ter-n6re, 3. v. a. (** To spread 
vr stretch ont"; hence) X. To 
upread a thing outjlat ; to nmoothe, 
level. — 2a To throw down or on 
the ground; to prottrafe, fell to 
the ground. — Pass. : Ster-nor* 
stratos sum, stemi [root stab, 
by transposition btka ; akin to 
Bans, root srfii; Gr. o-rop- 

stdtif perf. ind. of sto. 

stirpSf is, f. (rarely m.) 
(" The lower part of the trunk " 
of a tree, etc^ including the 
roots; hence) A »tem, stock, 
race, Unecige ;— at v. 711 Acestes 
Tfi said to be divinse stirpis (Gen. 
of quality [§ 128]), as being the 
son of the river-^d Grimisus. 

stOf stSti, statum, stare, 
1. V. n. To Mtand [akin to Gr. 
ard-utf Z-ffTif'/Ki; Suns. root 
btha]. 

ntr&'vif pert. ind. of ster- 
no. 

strldens, ntis, P. pres. of 
strido. 

strid-Ov i, no sup., 6re, 
3. V. n. ; and strid-6o, i, no 
sup., fire, 2. v. n. (both forms 
equally in use) (" To make a 
harsh sound"; hence) Of an 
arrow: To whizz [akin to Gr. 
Tpi^u> (= rpCS'trio)']. 

StnngrOf strinxi, strictum, 
stringfire, 3. v. a. (*' To draw 
tight "; hence) To touch lightly 



or slightly ; to graze [akin to Gr. 
CTpdyywj. 

struotus, a, urn, P. perf. 
pass, of str&o. 

Strd-Of xi, ctum, Sre, 3. v. a. : 
1. I'o heap, or pile, up. — 2a To 
btiild, erect, construct. — Pass. : 
Stra-OFf ctus sum, i [akin to 
Gr. oTop-eVvv/uii, Sans, root stri ; 
see stemo]. 

stdd-iixm, li, n. [stfid-So, 
"to be eager'*] 1. Ltigrmess, 
eager desire.— ^m Zeal for a 
person ; goodwill, favour , etc. ; — 
at V. 148 plur. for sing. . 

stupe-fliiclo, feci, factum, 
fUcdre, 3. v. n. [stftpfi-o, " to be 
astonished "; f&cio, "to make "] 
("To make to be astonish- 
ed "; hence) To astound, amaze, 
astonish.— PasB. : 8tdpd-fiOf 
factus sum, fifiri. 

stdpdftustus, a, um, P. 
perf. pass, of stftpdf&clo. 

Sttip-dOv tii, no sup., fire, 2. 
y. n. To be s^uck aghast; to be 
amazed or astounded [akin either 
to Gr. Tvir TO), " to beat"; Sans, 
root TUP, "to hurt";— or to 
Sans, root stuhbh, " to stupe- 
fy"!. 

stnppa, SB, f. Tow [Gr. 
<rTVTrinJj. 

Stjrgrlus, a, um, adj. [Styx, 
Stj?g-is, " The Styx," a nver of 
the lower world] Of, or belong' 
ing to, the Stpx; Stygian ; v. 866. 

■dbfprep. gov. abl. and ace.: 

1. With Abl.: a. Under, be- 
neath. — 1>. Beneath, at ; v. P-85. 
— C« Near, close to ; v. 323. — 

2. With Acc. : a- Under, beneath. 
— ^1>. Towards, about; v. 327. — Oa 
Immediately upon or after : — sub 
hsec, immediately upon — i. e. in 
reply to — these things, v. 394[akin 
to Gr. vTT-o ; Sans, ttp-a]. 

Sdbegrlf perf. ind. ot'siiblgo. 

Sdb-eo, ivi or li, Ibum, ire. 
V. a. and n. [stib ; fio, " to go"] 
1. Act.: a. [sttb, "under"] 



126 



VOCABULARY. 



(a) To go^ or come, under or 
beneath. — (b) To enter a place. — 
b. [sttb, '^towards "] To go to- 
wards, to approach. — 2a Nent. : 
a. [sttb, "towards"! To go to- 
wardt, approach. — D« [Btibt 
" under *' J To go under, to enter. 
— O. [Bttb, "close after"] To 
come elofe c^ler^ or next ; to 
follow after. 

8ftb-Iro, e^, actom, IgSre, 
3. V. a. [for 8ftb-&go; tr. siib, 
" from beneath "; &go, " to put 
in motion "] (" To put in motion 
from beneath "; hence, ** to im- 

Eel, push on," a vessel, etc.; 
ence) To compel, force. 
Sttbllf perf. ind. of sUbSo. 
sliiblt-Oy adv. [s&blt-us, 
" sudden "] Suddenly ^ on a eud- 
den. 
sftbl-tas, ta, turn, adj. 

{stib-do, " to approach stealthi- 
y," through root sitbi («» sttb; 
I, root of «o, *• to go ")] (" That 
approaches, or has a'm)roached, 
stealthily"; hence) X. Sudden, 
unexpected. — 2. ^ adverbial 
force : Suddenly, unexpectedly. 

SUb-JIoiOf jeci, jectum, jlc- 
*re, 3. V. a. [for sub-j&cio ; fr. 
Bttb, "under"; j&cio, "to 
throw "] With Dat. [§ 106, a] : 
To throw, or eastf under or 
beneath; to place beneath. 

sublfttus, a, urn, P. perf. 
pass, of toUo. 

sublimls, e, adj. On high, 
aloft. 

sub-mergrOf mersi, mer- 
sum, mergfire, 3. v. a. [sab, ** be- 
neatii "; mergo, ** to plunge "] 
To plungCf or dip, beneath 
or under something; to over- 
whelm, tubmerge. — Pass. : SUb* 
mergror, mersus sum, mergi. 

submersus, a, um, P. 
perf. pass, of submergo. 

suD-neotOv no perf., nex- 

nm, nectSre, 3. v. a. rsiib, " be- 

neath '*; necto, "to bind or tie"] 



To bind, tie, or fasten beneath or 
below. 

subsedl, perf. ind. of sub- 
sido. 

sub-8ldo,s§di, sessum, tid- 
Bre, 3. v. n. [siib, " without 
force " ; sido, " to sit down "1 
(" To sit down"; hence) 1. Of 
things as Subject: To eink 
down ; to remain behind. — 2* Of 
the waters, etc., as Subject : To 
settle down, become calm, subside. 

sub-trftbOf traxi, tractnm, 
tr&hdre. 3. v. a. [stib, "firom 
beneath"; triho, ^' to draw "] 
To draw, or draw away, from 
beneath; towithdrjw, etc. — Pass.: 
sub-trftbor, tractus sum, 
tr&hi. 

sfib-urgrdOf no i)erf. nor 
sup., urgere, 2. v. a. [sftb, 
" close to "; urgBo, ** to urge "] 
To urge, or dritfe, close to. 

subvectus, a, um, P. y&ti. 
pass, of subv^ho. 

sub-vdbOy vexi, yectum, 
vfihdre, 3. v. a. [sftb, "firom 
below"; v6ho, '^to carry*'] 
("To carry from below'*; 
hence) To carry, or bear, aloft. — 
Pass. : sub-v6bor( yectus 
sum, vBhi. 

suo-cedOv cessi, cessum, 
cedSre, 3. v. n. [for 8ub*oedo ; 
fr. sttb, " towards or up to *' ; 
cedo, "to go**] With Dat. 
[§ 106, a] : To go towards or up 
to ; to approach, draw near to. 

suooessl, perf. ind. of suc- 
cedo. 

suooes-SUS, sus, m. [for 
succed-sus; fr. succSd-o, "to 
succeed "] A succeeding, success. 

(sudes)f is (Nom. Sing, 
does not occur), f. A stake, etc. 

sud«or, 5ris, m. [sud-o, " to 
sweat "] Sweat, perspiration. 

siieSf ace. plur. of sus; 
V. P7. 

8ll5"SCO (in poets diRsyll.), 
vi, turn, BcfirCj 3. v. a. rstt*-o. 



"to be 
mCta* 7*1 poeta diu^ll.). 
Md^ki^UaUd, mni. 
I. D. [for snb-Rtaio'i re. 
mute"] (" To maka, «■ (snee. 



VOCABl/LA/fy. 




fwiKHj ;» a kagUf ijriiH, La. 

■aper-lnia. hii, bam. 4di. 
[ati|wr. "■boT«"] ('"lluitfe 

■apereaa«, pre». inr. of 



i.''N8ut": *• To B 



'"•w?^ 



i-»r.-b. To otsniiii, or w 
I, in pomothing. — e> 2\> ri 

. ; a. To JO in.l, or Ir^ouJ 

fcl^. To ocB-MBis, con 



■apei^nun.fvi. eeie, v.n. 
■aper-n>,iL.'uiii, HcO-tsfipGr, 




—(a) y*((Dji.or»ij*n('piirt, of 

tiiin — {h) In degree: lH^Jketi, 

■upplex, Icis, adj. Eupfh- 

[••••ra, prep. gor. acq. 



128 



VOCABULARY. 



[confer, fr. sfipfira, adverbial abl. 
ot* sftpdrns, '* that is above "] 
Above ^ over. 

stkpremus, a, tun; see 
BfipSros. 

surgrons, ntis, P. pres. of 
Burgo. 

sur-grOf rezi« rectum, gSre, 
3. V. n. [contr. ft*, sur-rggo, for 
Bub-rdgo; fr. abb, ** upwards. 



up " ; ret 



to lead straight or 



direct "J (" To lead straight, or 
<lirect, upwards or up " ; hence, 
in reflexive force) To me, arise. 

SASf sfiis, comm. gen. A hog ; 
a 90W ; — Plur. : Stcine [Gr. *?, 
"a hog "J. 

SUS-OitOf cYtavi, citatum, 
dtare, 1. v. a. [for subs-clto; 
fr. subs (= sttb), "from be- 
neath": clto, "to move vio- 
lenay"] ("To move violently 
from beneath"; hence, "to 
lift up"; hence) 1. To »tir or 
rott»« up ; to arouse. — 2. Of fire 
as Object : To stir up, rekindle. 

sus-pendOf jiendi, peii- 
sum, pend6re, 3. v. a. [for subs- 
pendo; fr. subs (= siib), "be- 
neath"; pendo, "to hang"] 
(" To hang " a thing *• beneath " 
something else ; hence) To hang 
up, to suspend. — Pass.: sus* 
pendor, pensus sum, pendi. 

suspensus, a, um : 1. P. 
perf. pass, of suspendo. — 2. 
Pa. : (" Suspended " ; hence) 
Of the mind : Wavering, doubt- 
ful, hesifaiing, in suspense, 
anxious. 

sustilll, perf. ind. of toUo. 

stk-us, a, um, possess, pron. 
[sa-i, "of himself," etc.l (" Be- 
longing to sui "; hence) ^m Of, 
or belonging to, himself {herself, 
etc.) ; his, etc., own.— As Subst. : 
Siilf orum, m. plur. Their 
friends or countrymen ; v. 677. — 
2* Favourable, friendly, pro- 
j'f'^ioug, as if inclined or devoted 
to one: v. 832, 



SyrtiS, is, f. Syrtis; the 
name of two sand-banks in the 
aea on the N. coast of Africa ; 
viz. Syrtis Major (now " Sidr- 
a"), and Syrtis Minor (uow 
" Cabes ") ;— at v. 61 the plur. 
number includes both of them 
[Suprt?]. 

tflBdety teedtiit or taesum est, 
teedere, 2. v. a. impers. It 
wearies or offends one, etc. ;— afc 
v. 617 with clause pel&gi per- 
ferre laborem as Subject [§ 167]. 

taenia, as, f. A band, JiUet 
[Gr. Tttti^taJ. 

teeniSf for tsenlis. abl. plur. 
of tsenla; 

tdlentmn, i, n. ("A thing 
weighed") A talent; a sum of 
money : a« In silver = about 
JB243 16». sterling.— b. In gold, 
the amount would depend upon 
the value that gold bore with 
respect to silver. Under the 
republic the common rate of 
gold to silver was as 10 to 1 ; 
but in the time of Julius Caesar 
as 7J to 1 [Gr. roAavTovJ. 

ta-lls, le, adj. Wsuch a kind, 
such. — As Subst. : talXa« lum, 
n. plur. : ft. Such things. — b* 
Such words, etc. [prob. akin to 
demonstr. pron. root to, " this," 
and Gr. article to]. 

tam« adv. [prob. akin to 
tslis^ " such "; see talis] 8o. 

tamen, adv. [prob. • 
lengthened form of tarn] ('* In 
so far"; with adversative quali- 
fication) JFor all that, not with' 
standing, yet, nevertheless, still, 
however. 

tan-dem, adv. ["for tam- 
dem ; fr. tam, " so "; demonstr. 
suffix dem] ("Just so &«•"; 
hence) At length, at last. 

tantftne = tanta, neut. ace. 
plur. of tantus, with ne enclitic ; 
see 2. ne. 

tantuzn, adv. [adverbial 



VOCABULARY. 



12') 



nent. of tantns, " so much "1 1. 
So much. — 2. Only, merelv, atone. 
tant-uSf a, am, adj- : !■ 
a. So mueh.—\i. Of tuch a 
quantify^ go amall^ etc. — 2. So 

freat, whether in size omnmbcr 
aJcin to Sans, tdvant, "bo 
mnch*'J. 

tardans, ntis, P. pres. of 
tardo. 

tardfttuSf a, um, P. perf. 
papB. of tardo. 

tard-Oy avi, atum, &re, 1. 
V. a. [tard-us, "slow"] ("To 
make tardu» "; hence) 1. To 
hinder, delay, retard.—^. Of old 
age aa Subject: To render one 
el/jw or infirm. — Pass. : tarcl-* 
or^ atos sum, ari. 

tar-duSf da, dam, adj. 
[prob. for trah-dus ; fr. tr&h-o, 
*Mio draw"] ("Drawing one's 
self along"; hence) Slow, tardy. 

Tartaraf dram; see Tar- 
t&ras. 

Tart&ra s, i, m. (Plur. Tar- 
t4ra« drum, n.) Tartarus or 
Tartara; the lower world [Gr. 
Taptapof, Tdprapa]. 

taur^us, i, m. A bulllGr. 
ravp-oi; akin to Sans, ethur-in, 
" a beast of burden "; compare 
Anf?lo-Sax. "steor"; EnprUsh, 
"steer"]. 

tOf ace. and abl. sing, of tu. 

teo»tlimf ti, n. [for teg-tum ; 
fr. t«^-o, " to cover "J (" The 
covering thing"; hence) 1. The 
roq/'of a building. — 2. A build- 
ing as covered by a roof. — 3. A 
hoiue, dwelling, abode. 

tecum =' te cum ; see cum. 

T6gr6-8euSf sea, seum, adj. 
T«g6.a, " Tegea" (now " Paleo- 
"pi8c6pi"); a town of Arcadia, 
the. central state of ancient 
S. Greece] Of, or belonging to, 
J'egea; Tegetsan. 

tellus,uri8,f.: 1. The earth. 
— Sli Sarih, ground, etc.^3. A 
land, country f v. 30, 



c 

E 



telam, i, n. A weapon whether 
for hurling or for close com- 
bat;— at V. 438 tela =s coBStfks; 
—at vv. 501, 614 = s&gittas;— 
at V. 620 telnm = s&gitfam 
rnpiuilly referred to Gr. t^A«, 
^' far off"; but rather for tcnd- 
lura, fr. tend-o, in force of "to 
launch or hurl " a weapon ; and 
so, "the thing launched or 
hurled"]. 

tempes-tas, tatis, f. [for 
temper-tas ; fr. tempns, old gen. 
temp#r-iB, as proved by existing 
adverbial abl. temper- i] ("The 
state, or condition, of tempua"; 
hence) Of weather; in a bad 
sense : Xa Storm, tempeet. — 2b 
Plur. : Personified as deities : 
The Stoma or Tempests; v. 772. 

tem-pluzn* pU, n. ("A 
piece cut off"; hence, " an open 
space " marked by an augur for 
taking auspices ; hence) A tern- 

fie, as dedicated to some deity 
akin to Gr, riix-vu, "to cut"]. 

tempdra* um ; see tempua. 

tem-pus, p5ris, n. (" That 
which is cut off; a section, por- 
tion," etc. ; hence) !• (" A por- 
tion of time ; a time ; hence) 
9m Time in general. — iK A proper 
or JittiTig time; an opportunity. — 
2. Plur. : The temples of the 
head [root tem, akin to rdfi-wo, 
"to cut"]. 

tendenSy ntis, P. pres. of 
tendo. 

ten-dOf tStendi, tcnsum or 
tentum, tendfire, 3. v. a. and r. : 
!■ Act. : a- To stretch out or 
forth ; to extend. — ^b« Of the eves 
as Object: To stratn, direct 
earnestly.— Cm Of weapons, etc. : 
To shoot, hurl, launch ; — at v. 608 
tetendit is nsed, by the fiprure 
zeugma, with both ocfilos nnd 
telum ; 'see no. b above. — 2. 
Neat. : a* To bend one's w ly, to 
go. — b* With Inf. : To exert one's 
self, to endeavour or attempt, to 
K 



I30 



VOCABULARY. 



do, etc. [akin to Gr. root rey, 
whence ratV-w]. 

tdn-ebrae, ebrarnm, f. plnr. 
Darknest [akin to Sans. tam-a$f 
** darkness "J. 

tdnebr-osuSf osa, osam, 
a^j. rt6nebr-83, "darkness"] 
(" Full of, or abonnrlinf? in, ten- 
ebrm "; hence) Dark, ghomy. 

tdnenSf ntis, P. pres. of 
t^nSo. 

t6n-60f tii, turn, ere, 2. v. a. 

iakin to ten-do] \m To hold; to 
eep, or Aave, in the hand. — 2. 
To lay hold of, holdfast.— 9. To 
hold, or retain, what one already 
has. — 4. To hold, or keep, to 
something. — 5« With iter as Ob- 
ject: To hold on one^t way or 
course. — 6a To have, or hold, pos- 
session of; to occupy. — 7. To 
reach, arrive at. — 8* Of a name 
as Object : To hold or have. — 9* 
To hold, or keep, back ; to hinder, 
detain, retard ;—a.t V. 154 with- 
out nearer Object. 

ten-tOf tavi, tatum, tare. 1. 
V. a. intens. [t6n-6o, ** to hold "] 
(" To hold greatly "j hence, "to 
handle, feel," etc.; hence) To 
try, attempt, essay. 

ten1i-ls,e,adj. ("Stretched 
out"; hence, "thin"; hence) 
1. Of the atmosphere, etc. : 
Light, as opposed to "dense, 
heavy." — ^. Of the wind : 
Light, slight, gentle.~3m Of cir- 
cumstances : Low, reduced, etc. 
[akin to Sans, tanu, " thin " ; 
£r. Sans, root tan, " to stretch 
out, extend "; whence Gr. rev, 
root of TciVto)]. 

tdnuSf prep, (put after its 
case) gov. abl. As far as, up to. 

ter-eSf 6tis, aaj. [t6r-o, " to 
rub"] ("Rubbed"; hence) 
Rounded, round, smooth, 

tergUXXk^U n. : 1. The back, 

whether of men or beasts ;— at 

V. 87 in pliir. for sing. — 2. The 

iac^ or Mnder part; the rear, — 



3a 7^ skin, hide of an animal.— 
4a As being made of bull's hide : 
A C(B»tus ; V. 419. 

ter-nly nse, na, num. distrib. 
a4j. ftres, t(e)r-Jum, "three"] 
1. Three eaeh.—^. Three ; y. 660. 
—3. For triplex: Three-fold, 
triple; V. 120, where an abL 
sing, temo is used. 

temo; seetemi, no. 3. 

tdrOf trivi, tritum, t5rSre, 3. 
V. a. To rub, rub against [Gr. 
roots rep, whence Te(()p-w ; and 
rpt, whence Tpt-/8a>]. 

ter-ra, r», f. ("The dry 
thing"; hence, " the earth " as 
such; hence) X- Land, as op- 
posed to water; v.243.— 2« The 
earth, ground.~3* JtOland, coun- 
try ; — Plur. : The lands, countries, 
i. e. the earth; y, 803 [prob. akin 
to Gr. i4p-aofiat, " to be, or 
become, dry "; Sans, root tbibh 
(tabsh)," to thirst"]. 

terr-6o, fii, Itum, ere, 2. 
V. a. To frighten, terrify, cUarm. 
j-Pass. : terr-eoFf Itns sum, 
eri [akin to Sans, root tbas, 
"to tremble"; in causative 
force, " to cause to tremble "]. 

terr^X-flc-us, a, um, adj. 
[for terr-!-flk;-us ; f!r. terr-do, 
"to frighten"; (i) connecting 
vowel; fftc-lo, "to make"] 
(" Making to frighten"; hence) 
That causesfright,fear, or terror; 
terrific. 

territas, a, um, P. pert, 
pass, of terr6o. 

ter-tius, tto, tinm, adj. 
[tres, t(e)r-Ium, " three 'H 
("Pertaining to tres'*; hence) 
Third;— B.t V. 314 supply victor 
with tertius. 

testis, is, comm. gen. A 
witness. 

test-or« atus sum, ari, T. v. 
dep. [test-is, " a witness "] To 
call upon, or invoke, as witness; 
to call fo witness. 

tdtendi, perf. ind. of tendo. 



VOCABULARY, 



131 



Teuorl, umm; see Tenor- 

OB. 

Teuorum* for Tencroram 
gen. pi or. of Teucri; v. 692. 

Teuor-uSf a, um, adj. 
[Teucer, Teucr-i, " Teucer"; an 
ancient king of Troy] (" Of, or 
belonging to, Teucer "^ hence) 
Trojan.— K& Subst. : Teuorl, 
drum, m. plur. The Trojatu [Gr. 
Tev«epo$J. 

tex-Of fii, torn., £re, 3. v. a. 
(•* To fabricate "; hence) 1. To 
eonttruct, build, etc.— 2. ("To 
interweave"; hence) To mix, 
mingle, intermingle, blend. — 
Pass. : tex-or, tus sum, i 
[akin to Sans, root tajcsh, " to 
fabricate"]. 

textus, a, am, P. perf. pass, 
of texq. 

Tballa* », f. Thalia ; a sea- 
nymph [Gr, 6aAeia, " Blooming 
One"]. 

tbeatnim, i, n.: 1. ^ 

theatre. — 2« An o/>en itpuce for 
exhibiting games [Gr. OeaTpov; 
*• that which serves for seeing, 
or beholding," sights]. 

TlldtlSy Idis or Idos, f. 
Thetis; asea-nymph [Gr. ©en?]. 

Tbra^eSf am, m. plur. The 
Thraciane.—ILeuce, Tbrac- 
luSf la, lum, adj. Of, or belong- 
ing to, the Thracians ; Thracian 
[Gr. ©prices]. 

ThraoiuSf a, um; see 
Thraces. 

TbreloXus, a, um = Thrac* 
lus JGr. 8pi)ueio«]. 

tigrlSf is or Idis, comm. 
gen. A tiger or tigress [Gr. 
Ttypis, fr. a Persian word signi- 
fying •* an arrow "]. 

timeaSf ntis, P. pres. of 
timdo. 

tXm-SOv &i, no snp., ere, 
2. V. n. and a. : X* Neat. : To 
fear, be afraid.—^. Act. : To 
fear, dread, be afraid of. 

tim-or, oris, m. [tlm-6<>, 

K 



"to fear"] (' 'A fearing" 
hence^ Fear, terror. 

tXtabfttaSf a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of tit&bo. 

titAbo« svi, stum, are, 
I. v. a. (" To make to stumble 
or reel"; hence) Pass, in re- 
flexive force : (** To make one's 
self, etc., to stumble," etc.; 
hence) To stumble, reel. — Pass. : 
titHbor, atus sum, ari. 

tdldra-bills, bile, adj. 
[t6l6r(a)-o, " to bear or en- 
dure"] That may, or can, be 
borne or endured; tolerable: — 
non tdldrablle, unendurable, 
intolerable; see non, no. 2. 

tollo« sustttli, Rublatum, 
tolldre, 3. v. a. : 1. To lift up, 
raise, Ufilift, elevate. — 2« With 
Personal pron. in reflexive 
force : To lift one's self up; to 
rise, rise up. — 3 a To take, or 
carry, away. — Pass. : tollor* 
subrntud sum, tolli [root tol, 
akin to Sans, root tul, " to 
lift "; Gr. tAow, " to bear "]. 

tdnans, ntis, P. pres. of 
tdno. 

tondSOf t5tondi, tonsum, 
tondere, 2. v. a. : 1. Of tbe 



hair : To clip, cut short, etc. — 2* 

: To 
trim, etc. 



Of trees : To lop, cut, prune. 



tdn-itms, Itrus. m. [tdn- 
o, •• to thunder "] (" That which 
eSbcts the thundering "; hence) 
Thunder. 

tdn-Of til, Itum, are, 1. v. n. 
To thunder [akin to Sans, root 
BTAH, *• to thunder "]. 

tonsuB, a, um, P. i)erf. 
pass, of tondfio. 

torqa-60, torsi, tortom, 
torquere, 2. v. a. : 1. To turn, 
turn about or round; to twist. 
—2* Of weapons: To hurl, 
fiing noith force, etc. [akin to 
Gr. Tp«ir-«ii, *• to turn "]. 

torrSOvtorriii, tostum, torr 
ere, 2. v. a. (" To dry or bom " 



132 



VOCABULARY. 



hence) Of food : To roagt, dreu 
[akin to Sans, root TpisH, *' to 
thirst " ; Gr, Tep<r-ofiai, *' to 
become dry "]. 

torsi, perf. ind. of torquSo. 

tor-tUSf tus, m. [for torqn- 
tus (trisyll.) ; fr. torqu-6o, " to 
twist "] A ttoiBting. 

tdivus, i, m. (" The thine 
filled" out; hence) A couch 
[akin t* Sans, root tul, " to 
flU"; Gr. TwA-i/, "a cushion, 
bolster," e<c.]. 

tdt, num. adj. indecl. So 
manif. 

tdt-Idenip num. adj. in- 
decl. [tot, " BO many"] Ju»t so 
many or a$ many, 

tot-Xes, adv. [id.] So many 
timeSf $o often. 

td-tUSf ta, tum (Gren. tdtius ; 
Dat. toti), adj. ("Increased"; 
hence) The whole or entire ; the 
whole q/'[akin to Sans, root tu, 
in meaning of " to increase "J. 

trade* pres. imperat. of 
trado. 

tra-do» didi, ditum, dSre, 
3. V. a. [tra ( = trans) , " across "; 
do, "to give"] ("To give 
across " ; hence) With Dat. 
[§ 106, (3)]: To give, or hand 
over, to; to commit, confide, or 
entrust, to. 

tr&lienSf ntis, P. pres. of 
tr&ho. 

tr&bOf traxi, tractum, tr&h- 
6re, 3. V. a. : 1. To draw, drag, 
drag along, etc. — 2« In figura- 
tive force : To draw, drcuf ; — at 
V. 70& without nearer Object. 

trajectus. a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of triylclo. 

tra-Jioio, jeci, jectum, jJc- 
6re, 3. v. a. [for tra-j&cio; fr. 
tra (= trans), "across or over^'; 
j&cio, " to cast "] (" To cast 
across or over "; hence) To pass, 
or tie, something around an 
object.— P2i&&. : tra-Jicior, 
jectua Slim, jici. 



trftme-S, tramttis, m. [for 
trame-t-8 ; ft*, tramd-o, " to go 
across"] ("That which goes 
across ** ; hence. *' a cross- 
way, croBs-path"; hence) 1. 
A way, foth, road. — 2« A course, 
fitght, etc. 

tranqulUiiilif i ; seetran- 
quillus. 

tranqaillus, a, um, adj. 

Ckilm, quiet, tranquil. — AsSubst : 
tranquillunif i, n. Calm 
weather^ a eaJm. 
i tran-8ori1>Of8cripsi, scrip- 
I tum, scribSre, 3. v. a. [trans, 
I "across or over"; scribo, "to 
I write"] (" To write across or 
over '* from one book to an- 
other; "to transfer" in writing; 
hence) To transfer, remove, to 
another place. 

trans-ourro, curri and 
cftcurri, cursum, currftre, 3. v. n. 



[trans. 



" across "- 



curro, * to 



run "] To run across. 

trans«60f ivi or li, itnm, 
ire, V. a. and n. irreg. [trans ; 
6o, "to go"] 1. [trans, "a- 
cross "] a. Act. : To go across or 
over a thing; to cross, or pass, 
over.—'h, Neut. : (a) To go, or 
cross, over to the enemy for the 
purpose of spying. — (b) Of time: 
To pass by, elapse. — 2. [trans, 
" beyond'^] Act. : To go beyond, 
pass by;—B,t V. 32G supply Sum 
after transSat. 

transit, perf. ind. of trans- 
go. 

trans- tnuu, tri, n. [trans, 
'across"] ("That which crosses 
over"; hence) A cross-bench in a 
vessel. 

transversa; see trans- 
versus . 

'^ansver-suB, sa, sum, 
adj. Tfor transvert-sus ; fr. 
*ransvert-o, " to tum across "^'J 
("Turned across"; hence) !• 
Transverse, cross-, oblique. — 2* 
Neut. aco. plur. in adveri'»i*'^ 



VOCABULAR Y. 



133 



force: transversa, Crotttrhe, 

tran$ver$ely, obliquely^ Bidetcayt. 

traxdrlzn, perf. subj. of 
trftho. 

trkxse, for traxlsse, perf. 
inf. of tr&hu ; v. 786. 

tremens, P. pres. of trdmo. 

trdm-isoOf no perf. nor 
Bap., iscdre, 3. v. n. [trem-o, **to 
tremble "] To tremolef to quake. 

trd-mOf m&i, no sup., m^re, 
3. V. n. To tremble, quake, quioer, 
etc. [akin to Gr. r^e w]. 

treSf tria (Gen. trlum), nnm. 
adj. Three. — As Subst. m. Three 
perBOTU, three [Gr. rpels, rptaj. 

tri-denSf dentis, adj. [tree, 
trl-um, "three"; dens, "a 
tooth"; hence, "a prong"] 
Having three teeth or tine»; three- 
pronged. 

tri-llz, licia, adj. [for trt- 
lic-8 ; fr. tres, trt-um, " three "; 
lic-!um, "a thread" of any- 
thing woven] Having, or with, 
three threade ; triply -woven. 

Tri-n-ftor-ia, isb, f. Trin- 
acria, a name given to Sieily, 
from its three promontories, viz. 
Pachynus, Pelorus, and Lilybse* 
nm. — Hence, Trin&orX-liSf 
a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
Trinacria or Sicily ; Trinacrian, 
Sicilian [TpivaKpia ; fr. rpcif, 
rpi-a, "three"; (i') epenthetic; 
axp-a, "a point"; hence, "a 
headland or promontory "; and 
BO, " the land, or island, of the 
three promontories"]. 

Trin&orXuSf a, um ; see 
Trin&cria. 

trl-plez, pUcis, adj. [for 
tri-pUc-s; fr. tres, tri-nm, 
"three"; pllc-o, "to fold"] 
Three-fold, tripU. 

tripddes, um, plur. of tri- 
pns. 

trlpus, 5di8, ra. A three- 
footed teat, a tripod \Gv. rpirrovi]. 

trls-tls,te,adj. Sad, sorrow- 
ful, mournful, etc. [prob. akin 



to Sana, root TR AS, " to tremble "; 
and so. literally, " trembling 'J. 

TritODf dnis or onds, m. : X. 
a* Triton; a sea-god, who, at 
the bidding of Neptune, blew 
through a shell to rouse or calm 
the waters.— to. Plur. : Triton* ; 
i. e. sea-gods in general ; v. 824. 
— 2a Triton ; a river and Inke 
in Africa, near the lesser Syrtis, 
where according to some mytho- 
logical accounts Pallas (or 
Minerva) was bom.— Hence, 
Tr itdn-lus, la, lum, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Triton; Triton- 
van. 

Trltdnlus, a, um ; see 
Triton, no. 2. 

Tro&deSfUm, TroeSyum, 
Troius, a, um, Trola, ee, 
TrdJ&nus, a, am, TroJ an- 
us, i ; see Tros. 

Tro-S, is, m. [Tro-s, " of, or 
belonging to, Tros," a king of 
Phrygia, trora whom Troy took 
its name] (" One belonging to 
jTro* "; hence) A Trojan, a man 
of Troy.— Plur. : Tro-es, urn. 
The 2Vo/ajM.— Hence, Trd-Ja 
(= Tro-Ia). J8B, f.: a. ("The 
city of Tros") Troy ;— the takmg 
of Troy by the Greeks is said 
to have occurred b.c. 1184.— to- 
Troja, or the game of Troy; a 
Roman game performed on 
horseback and representing a 
fight ; at y. 602 the origin of it 
is ascribed to JBneas. — Hence, 
a« TroJ-anns, ana, annm, 
ar]j. Of, or belonging to, Troy ; 
Trojan.— Xi Subst. : Tro|&n- 
US, 1, m. A Troian.— Plur. : 
TroJ&nl, drum, The^Trojam. 
—to. Tro-Xus, la, !um, adj. 
= Trdjanus.— o. Trd-as, ftdis, 
f. A Trojan woman. — Plur. : 
Tro-Ades, &dum. The Trojan 
women [Gr. Tptii?]. 

tu, tfti (plur. VOS, vestmm), 
pers. pron. TAoM,yo7<;— atv.4-.'0 
emphatic [tv, Done form of ovj. 



134 



VOCABULARY. 



tttba, ee, f. A (straight) 
trumpet. 

ttkenSf ntia, P. pres. of 
t&dor. 

tli-$or« Itns sum, Sri, 2. v. 
dep. To look upoUf behold, aee, 

tblif perf. ind. of fSro. 

tftllssem, plaperf. subj. of 
ftro. 

turn, adv. Then [prob. akin 
to talis ; see talis] . 

tCJLin-IdaSf Ida, Idnm, adj. 
[tttm-«o, *• to swell "J Swelling, 
mDollen. 

tttm-ttluB, fili, m. [id.] 
("The thing swelling up'*; 
hence) \<, A rinng ground. — 2« 
A sepulchral mound, a tomb. 

tnn-Of adv. [contr. and 
altered tr. tam-ce ; «. e. turn, 
*' then "; demonstrative suffix 
ce] At that time, then. 

ta(]l) do, ttit&di, tansum and 
tusum, tunddre, 3. v. a. To etrike, 
beat,emite. — Pass.: tun(d)orf 
tansos and losus sum, tondi 
[akin to Sans, root xtrn, "to 
strike"]. 

turbaf SB, f. : 1« Turmoil, 
dUtturbance, uproar, etc. — 2. A 
crowd, multitude, throng [Gr. 

turbatus, a, urn, P. perf. 
pass, of turbo. 

turb-idus, Ida, Idum. 
adj- [turb-o, "to disturb"] 
(" Disturbed "; hence) Wtld, 
stormy, boisterous. 

t1irb-Of avi, atum, are, 1. 
V. a. [turb-a, "a disturbance"] 
("To make a turba with regard 
to"; hence) To disturb, agitate, 
throw info disorder or eonj^ision. 
—Pass.: turb-or, atus sum, 
ari. 

taniia« a, t. A troop, or 
squadron. (^ horse. 

tarpis, e, adj. FUthy, foul, 
nnstjf. 

tuta-men, minis, n. [tut- 
^aj-or, "to protect"] ("That 



which protects "; hence) A pro- 
tection, defence, means qf protec- 
tion, etc. 

tut-or, atus sum, ari, 1. 
V. dep. [tfit-us, "safe"] ("To 
make tutus "; hence) To protect, 
defend, support ; to take the pare 
of Ayerson. 

tu-ta9,ta, turn, adj. [td-Sor, 
"to protect"] ("Protected"; 
hence) Safe, in safety. 

til«uSf a, um, pron. poss. [tu, 
"thou"] Thy, thine; yowr. 

T^rls, Idis (Ace. Tybrim, 
w. a3, 797), m. The Tybris or 
ZWcr (now Tevere); the river on 
irfiich Rome was built. 

uber* Sris, n. A mother's 
breast [akin to 6r. c^Bap ; Sans. 
Hdhar: cf. Eng. "udder"]. 

Um, adv. [akin to qu-i, 
"who. which 'T 1. Of time: 
When;— for force of ubi with 
perf. ind. in narrative se<a post- 
quam.— 2* Of place: Where. 

u-dus« da, dum, adj. [for 
uv-dus ; f5p. obsol. uv-6o, " to bo 
damp "] Damp, mtnMt, wet. 

ul-lus, la, lum (Glen, ullius ; 
Dat. ulli), am. [for un-lus; fr. 
un-us, " one "J Any. 

ultXmuBf a, um, sup. adj. : 
la Furthest ; most distant or re- 
mote.—^. The furthest, or most 
distant, part of that denoted 
by the snbst. to which it is in 
attribution;— at v. 317 supply 
spatia with ultima. — 3- Lcut. 

ultr-o, adv. [obsol ulter, 
ultr-i, "beyond"] ("Beyond, 
on the farther side "; hence) !• 
Besides, moreover, too.~-^» Of,ov 
by, one*sself, etc.; i.e. without any 
external impulse, etc. ; v. 416. 

mnbra, se, f.: 1. Shade, 
shadow. — 2. The shade, spirit, or 
Manes, of a departed person ; — 
at V. 81 in plur. of the shade of 
Anchises. 

un-a, adv. [adverbial abl. 



VOCABULARY. 



135 



ofun-us, *'one"] In company ^ at 
the same time, togefher. 

uno-us. a, um. adj. [tmc-ns, 
"ahook •'] (" Havinpran «ncM» "; 
hence) Of an eagle's talons : 
Curved, bent inwardit. 

und-a, SB, f. ('* That which 
wets") 1. Water. — ^. The 
wafer of the sea, — 3* A wave 
[akin to Sans, root und, " to 
wet or moisten"]. 

undailSf ntis, P. pres. of 
undo. 

u-ndevadv. [for cu-ndo (= 
qu-nde); fr. qu-i, "who, 
which "J 1« Of place : Whence. 
— 2a Of persons: From whom, 
whence. 

und-l-que, adv. [und-e; 
(i) connecting vowel ; que, in- 
definite suffix] (*• Whenceso- 
ever"; hence) i^mallpartt or 
every quarter; on all tidet, on 
every nde. 

und*>0« avi, atum. are, I . v. n. 
[und-a, "a wave"] ("To rise 
m waves ; to surge, swell " ; 
hence) Of reins : To wave, undul- 
afe, hang looeely, etc. : — undantia 
lora, reins hartging loosely, JloW' 
ing reins. 

'ungruls, is. m. (" A nail " 
of persons) Of animals: A 
talon, claw [akin to Gr. ow^, 
ovv\o% ; Sans, nakha']. 

un^duam, adv. [un-us, 
** <mQ"] At any {one) time; ever. 

un-us, a, um (Gen. unlus ; 
Dat. uni), adj. : X. One. — As 
Subst. m. One man^ <mtf:->ad 
unum, to a man, v. 687.— 2. 
Alone, only.— :3m Most of all, 
above all, especially. 

urb-s, IS, f. fprob. urb-o, 
•' to mark out with a plough "] 
('• That which is marked out 
with a plough"; hence) !■ A 
city, walled town.—^m A city 
for the people of a city. 

urgreo, ursi, no sup., urg- 
ere, 2. v. a. (** To press, urge," 



etc. ; hence) To pren hard, be- 
set closely ;— at v. 442 without 
nearer Object. 

uro, ussi. nstum, &r6re, 
3. V. a. To burn, bum up, de- 
stroy or consume hyfire [akin to 
Sans, root ush, "to bum "]. 

UrS-ftf 8B, f. A she-bear; a 
bear [like urs-ns, " a bear," 
akin to Sans, riksh-a ; Gr. apic- 
TOS, apK-<K]. 

U-B-que, adv. [akin to qui ; 
with (s) epenthetic; que, in- 
definite suffix] Of time : As far ^ 
or as long, as; until; see quo* 
usgue. 

USUS, a, um, P. pcrf. of 
utor. 

titf adv. and conj. : 1. Adv. : 
a. As.— It, When.— 2^, Conj. : 
That, in order that. 

llteivque, utr&-que. utrum- 
que (G«n. utiius-que ; Dat. utri- 
que), pron. adj. [ater, *' one or 
the other"; gue, suffix] One 
and the other; 00th, each. 

Utor, usus sum, uti, 3. v. 
dep. With Abl. [§ 119, (a)] : 
To use, make use of, employ. 

utrftque, neut. ace. plur. 
of titergue ; v. 856. 

utroque, adv. [adverbial 
neut. abl. sing, of ftterque, 
'* both"] On both sides, to each 
side. 

V&O&US, fia, uum, a^. 
[v&c-o, " to be empty '*] 
(•* Empty " ; hence) Locally : 
Open, jree, unobstructed, etc. 

V&de, pres. imperat. of 
vado. 

v&«dOf no perf. (in classical 
Latin) nor sup., d6re, 3. v. n. 
To go, to come [akin to Gr. fia- 
CtHo (dissyll.), **togo"]. 

V&dum, i, n. [vUd-o, "to 
go"] ("That through which 
one can go"; hence) 1. A 
shallow, shoal. — 2. A body of 
water, the sea, etc. 



136 



VOCABULARY. 



V&gr"Orf atuB Bam, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [v&g-us, ** wandering "] To 
wander^ rove, roam at large, etc. 
. vdle« pros, imperat. of 
V&I60. 

vdlens, ntis, P. pres. of 
y&ldo. 

V&l'dOf fii, Itam, ere, 2. v. n. : 
!■ To be strong or powerful. — 2a 
With Inf. : To have strength or 
power to do, etc. ; to be able to 
do, etc. — 3a a« To be well or in 
^ood health.— Itm In leave-tak- 
mgi V&lOf (Be in good health; 
i. e.) Farewell, adieu [prob. akin 
to Sans, bal-a, " strength "]. 

v&l-idus, Ida. Idum, adj. 
[v&l-So, " to be strong "] Strong, 
powerful, mighty. 

ValllS, is, t A valley. 

V&p«Or,driB, m. : 1. Steam, 
exhalation, vapour. ^^% Cause 
for eflfect: Fire [akin to Gr. 
Kair-v6<i, *• smoke "J. 

v&r-ius, ia, lum, adj. 
(" Party-coloured, spotted " ; 
hence) VaHoua, different, mani- 
fold [akin to Gr. ^oA-ios^. 

vastus, a, um, adj. Va$t, 
huge, immense. 

V&-teSf tis, comm. gen. 
("A speaker"; hence) \* A 
soothsayer, prophet, etc. j v. 624. 
— 2a A vrophetess, etc. ; v. 636 
[prob. atin to fa, root of (for), 
ta-ri, '• to speak " ; and to <^o, 
whence <f>a-a-Kw, ^i?f*i, ** to 
say"]. 

v6| enclitic con^. Or [akin to 
Sans, vd, a particle denoting 
"option"]. 

V6I&O9 vexi, vectum, vShSre, 
3. V. a. To carry, convey.— Vass. : 
vdllor,yectu8 sum, vShi[akin 
to Sans, root yam, ** to carry "]. 

Vdlaconj. [akin to vol-o, vel- 
le, "to wish"] ("Wish or 
choose **; hence) Or if you will, 
or. 

velatns, a, um, P. pcrf. 
pass, ofvelo. 



vSllin, pres. snbj. of 2. 
v61o. 

vel-Of avi, atum, are, 1. y. a. 
[vel-um, ** a covering "J ('* To 
furnish a velum to"; nence) To 
cover, wrap, envelope, etc. — 
Pass. : vel«or, atus sum, ari. 

velox, dcis, adj. Sw\ft, fleet, 
rapid, quick. 

ve-luin, li, n. [for veh- 
lum; fr. v6h-o, "to carry"] 
(•• The carrying thing *'; hence) 
A sail .—vela dire tuta, {to qive 
safe sails to the wind ; i. e.) to 
sail in safety, v. 796. 

v61-ut,adv. [v«l, "even"; 
ut, " as "] Even as, like as, just 
as. 

vdn-6ror« Sratus sum, ari, 

1. V. dep. To worship, reverence 

with religious awe, revere, adore 

[akin to Sans, root tan, "to 

' worship "]. 

▼eni, perf. ind. of vfinlo. 

vdnXenSy ntis, P. pres. of 
vSnIo. 

vdnlOf veni, ventum, vdnire, 
4. V. n. To come. 

vent-US, i. m. (" The blow- 
ing thing"; hence) Wind [akin 
to Sans, root ya, "to blow," 
through part. pres. v6nt, " blow- 
ing "; cf. Sans, vdt-a, " wind," 
as *• the blowing thing"]. 

V6n-us, dris, f. ("Loved 
One") Venus; the goddess of 
beauty and love, and the mother 
of iEneas [akin to Sans, root 
VAW, " to love "]. 

verber, dris (Nom., Dat., 
and Ace. Sing, do not occur), n. 
[prob. for fer-ber; ft:. fSr-Io, 
^^to beat"] ("That which 
brings about the beating"; 
hence. " a lash, whip, scourge "; 
hence) A stripe, blow, etc. 

verbs r-O, avi, atum, are, 
1. V. a. [verber, " a lash"] To 
lash, beat, strike. — Pass. : vep- 
bdr^or, atus sum, ari. 

verbum, i, n. A word. 



VOCABULARY, 



137 



vdlW>vady. [ver-us, " true "] 
1km Truly, in truth, indeed.— ^m 
But indeed, but however, but. 

ver^ro, ri, sam, rdre, 3. v. a. 
(*• To sweep •*; hence) To sweep, 
or »kim, along or over Uie waters, 
etc. 

versanSf ntis, P. pres. of 
verso. 

ver-SO, s&vi, B&tum, s&re, 
1. V. a. intens. [for vert-so ; fr. 
vert-o, " to turn "] 1. To turn 
over much or frequently ; to keep 
turning over.—^m To turn with 
force or violence ; to knock over or 
about.— 3m Mentally : To ponder, 
meditate. 

1. versus, a, nm, P. perf. 
pass, of verto. 

2. ver^sus, sOs, m. [for 
vert-sus ; fr. vert-o, " to turn '*] 
(•• A taming "; hence) A row, 
line, etc. 

vert-ex. Icis, m. [vert-o, 
" to turn '*J (" The taming 
thing'*; hence, "the crown, or 
top,'* of the head; hence) !■ 
The highett point, peak, top or 
eummit of anything ; — at vv. 36 
and 769 of the sammit of a 
mountain. — 2. Phrase : A 
vertice, {From the top; i. e.) From 
above, down from above. 

vort-Of verti, versam, vert* 
fre, 3. V. a. : 1. To turn. -—vert 
amas, let us turn, v. 23. The 
first pers. plur. pres. sabj. is 
sometimes ased (as here) to ex- 
press a wish, or exhortation, in 
which the speaker inclades both 
himself and those whom he ad- 
dresses. This is called Sabjanct* 
ivos Adhortat3vas. — 2. Pass, 
in reflexive force : To turn one's 
self, or itself; to tum.—Z, Of 
the sea as Object: To turn up 
with oars, etc. — 4* To over- 
turn, overthrow, destroy. — Pass. : 
vert-orf versus sam, verti. 

v6m« us, n. A spit for roast* 
ing. 



ver-uSf a, *****, adj- True. — 
As Snbst. : ven^ drum, n. 
plur. True things. 

vesper* dm and 6ri, m. 
("The evening"; hence) The 
West [Gr. fJo-ircp-o?]. 

Ves-ta, tsB, f. Ve»ta ; one 
of the principal Roman deities, 
in whose temple were said to be 
preserved the Penates and the 
sacred fire which JBueas had 
brought from Troy. No statue 
was erected in it, but the sacred 
fire waskept burning, night and 
day, on the altar. The goddess, 
herself, was regarded as pure 
and chaste, and her priestesses 
(the Vestal virgins, originally 
four, afterwards six, in number, 
taken from the noblest families 
of Rome) were bound by a vow 
of chastity. If any one of them 
violated this vow, she was to 
be buried alive in the Campus 
Sceleratus, and her paramour 
scourged to death in the Forum 
[akin to Sans, root vas, " to 
dwell"; hence, "The Dweller" 
in households, as their presiding 
deity]. 

veS"tert tra, trum, pron. 
poss. [for vos-ter ; fr. vos, plur. 
of tu, ^' you "] Tour. 

vestlgr-ium, li, n. [vestig- 
o, "to track"] ("A tracking; 
that which is tracked "; hence) 
Xm A foot-print, foot-track. — 2a 
A foot-step, a step. — 3* ft. The 
sole oT Hie foot.— D« Of a horse : 
Thehoqf. 

ves*tlSf tis, f. A garment ; 
clothing, dress [akin to 6r. p«a-- 
0i}f, **a garment"; Sans, root 
VAS, " to wear" as clothes; " to 
put on "]. 

Vdt-US, eris, adj. ("That 
has existed for years"; hence) 
X, Old, (Med. — 2a Ancient [prob. 
akn to per-os, " a year "]. 

% X-a, 8B, f. (" The thing that 
carries or conveys"; hence) !• 



VOCABULARY. 




VOCABULARY. 



139 



seeing"; hence, "the faculty 
of seeing, the sight "; hence) A 
thing seen ; a ngnt, etc. 

2. Visas, a, urn, P. perf. 
pass, of vldfio ;— at v. 610 tblld. 
by Dat [§ 107, d] ;— at v. 637 
supply est with visa ; — at v. 768 
visa (supply est) belongs to 
both f&cles and nomen, but 
takes the gender of facies, near- 
est to which it is placed ; both 
aspdra and tolerabile ore com- 
plements [§ 87, X>, oj. 

Vl-tOf t8B, f. [for viv-ta ; fi". 
viv-o, " to live" J ("That which 
is lived"; hence) 1. Lffe.—Am 
A apirit^ or ehade^ in the lower 
world. 

vi-tta, ttsB, f. [prob. fr. vl- 
60. "to bind"] ("The binding 
thing"; hence) A band^ Jillet, 
garland. 

vXtJilllS, i, m. A calf [Gr. 

Viv-lfdus, Ida, Idum, adj. 
[viv-o, "to Uve"] ("Living"; 
hence) Full of ttfe or vigour; 
vigorotUf energetic. 

Vivo, vixi, victum, vivfire, 
3. V. n. To live ;— at v. 681 used 
figuratively of burning tow 
[akin to Sans, root jiv, "to 
live"]. 

Vlx, adv. Scarcely, hardly. 



tcith^j^oulty. 

vo' ' 
of tu. 



vobis, 



ultv, 
f dab. 



and abl. plur. 



vdcanSf ntis, P. pres. of 
vdco. 

v6oS.tll8, a, um, P. perf. 
pass, of vdco. 

Vdo-o,avi, stum, are, 1. v. n. 
and a. : 1. Neut. : To call,^^. 
Act.: a. To call.—h. To call 
upon, or invoke, a deity, etc. ; — 
at v. 686 vdcare is the Historic 
Inf.— Ca To call for. or implore, 
aid, etc. — d. ToeaU to, or upon, 
a person for aid, etc. — e. To 
eaU, or ntmmon, for any pur- 
pose—Pass. : vdo-or* atos 



sum, &ri [akin to Sans, root 
VACH, " to speak "]. 

vdlans, utis, P. pres. of 
1. v61o. 

vdlens, ntls: 1. P. pres. 
of 2. v6lo.— a. Pa. : WiUing, 
readv. 

VOl-ItO,Itavi, Itatum, Itare, 
1. V. n. freq. [vdl-o, " to fly "] 
(Of birds, etc. : " To fly to and 
fro "; hence) Of th'ngs as Sub- 
ject : To hover, float about, etc. 

1. V6l0, avi, atum, are, 
1. V. n. : 1. Of birds, etc. : To 
fly. — Za Of persons or things : 
2*0 ./7y, i. e. to move rapidlv or 
swiftly ; to speed, hasten along, 
etc. 

2. v61o,v61tti, velle, v. irreg.: 

1. To be willing.— A, To wish, 
desire.— 3. Of the gods : To will, 
ordain, etc. [akin to Gr. PoA, root 
of /96A-Ofiai (= /3o(v)A-o/iaO, " to 
wish "; and Sans, root vbi, " to 
choose 'H. 

v6I<-ucer, ficris, ticre, a^j. 

; rv61-o, " to fly "] (" Made, or 

lormed, for flying " ; hence, 

" winged "; hence) Sw^^, rapid. 

Vdmi, perf. ind. of 2. vdlo. 

vdlu-meD, minis, n. [for 
volv-men ; fr. volv-o, " to roll"] 

i" The thing rolled " ; hence) 
.■ Of a snake : A fold, coil. — 

2. .i fold of a cord, etc. 
v61u-tO, tavi, tatum, tare, 

1. V. a. intens. [for volv-to ; Vr. 
volv-o, "to roll"] ("To roll 
about "; hence) Of the voice ao 
Object: To cause to roll, roll 
along or onward*. 

VOlVO, volvi, vdlutum, volv- 
Sre, 3. v. a. : l. To roll.— 2^, 
Pass, in reflexive force : (" To 
roll one's self," etc. ; hence) To 
roll along or onwards, — Pass.: 
volvor* vdlutus sum, volvi 
[akin to Gr. feAv-«a, " to roll"]. 

vdmenSf ntis, P. pres. of 
v6mo. 

vdm-Of tti, Itam, dre, 3. v. a. 



140 



VOCABULARY, 



('* To vomit np or forth " ; 
hence) Of smoke as Obyect : To 
four forth^ etc. 

vOSf vestram, plar. of tn. 

vd-tnmf ti, n. [for vov- 
tam; ft". v6v-«o, "to vow"] 
("That which is vowed"; 
hence) A vow. 

vox, vocis, f. [for voc-8 ; fr. 
vfic-o, " to call "] V That which 
calls or calls oat"; hence) !■ 
The voie*. — 2a A word, speech, 
erg, etc. 

ValO-ftnus, ani, m. : 1. 
Vulcan ; the ancient mythic 
fire-god of the Romans.— 2. Fire 
[sometimes referred to Sans. 
ulkd, " a fire-brand, fire-ball "; 
sometimes to root jtal. "to 



shine, to blaze "]. 
ids. 



Sans, vfoii-a, 
fir. root vftur. 



*«i 



a 

"to 



vulnoaSf 6na, n. A wound 



[akin to 
wound ": 
woand"J. 

viil-tiis(old form vol-tns). 
tas. m. [prob v61-o, " to wish "J 
("The wishing, or expressing 
one's wish," by the looks; 
hence) !■ Exprenion of conn' 
ienanee, aspect, mien. — 2. Face, 
countenance. 

JLantllUS, i, m. Th^ Xanth' 
US ; a river of Troas [Gr. Eay$6^, 
" Gold-coloured" stream] 

Kdpbyras, i. m. : 1. Z«- 

phyrus or the West-wind; — at 
V. 33 in plur. ; cf. vespdre ab 
atro Consurgunt venti, w. 19, 
20.— 2. Wind in general [Gr. 



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