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Full text of "Bowdoin Orient"

It IIAI fl Alll O PI Alii 



VOLUME V. 



u 



EDITORS 






Arlo Bates, C. H. Clark, C. T. Hawes, E. H. Kimball, 

J. G. Librv, J. A. Morrill, W. H. G. Rowe. 




BOW DO IX COLLEGE, 



li RUNS W ICK, M A I N B . 



I875-6. 



PRINTED AT THE JOURNAL OFFICE, LETVISTON, MAINE. 



INDEX TO VOL. V. 



PAGE 

Abbot Bessariou, The 1 

Adams, Eev. George Eliashib, D.D 145 

Advantages of a Purpose in Life, The 146 

After Beranger 193 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention 54 

Alumni Day 64 

Alumni Notes 9, 21, 33, 45, 57, 70, 80, 93, 

105, 117, 129, 141, 153, 165, 178, 189, 201 

" Amici, Diem Perdidi " 193 

Ancient Books, A Few Facts about 193 

Art Culture 2 

Art of Conversation, How to Cultivate the. . 16 

Assyrian Slabs • . . . 75 

Athenian, History of 1 73 

Bacchus, Ode to 25 

Hoating at Bowdoiu 51 

Boating Convention 4, 137 

Boating Embroglio, The 1 49 

Bowdoiu vs. Bates 92, 100 

Bowdoin vs. Besolutes 41, 54 

Brown Lichen, The 70 

Bugles, Old 89 

Burial of Anna Lytics 67 



Cbapel Frescoes, The. . . . 

Class Day 

College Education 

College Feeling 

College Notes 

College Politics 

College Tale, A 

Commencement Concert. 
Commencement Day. . . . 
Conciseness of Style 

Cupid's Bargain 



L96 
66 
13 
7S 
34 
SO 

1 L3 
60 
65 
74 

193 



De Glycera 97 

Dickens, Charles 26, 39 

Drinking Song 1S1 

Editorial Notes 6, 18, 28, 40, 52, 64, 76, 88, 

100, 112, 124, 136, 148, 160, 172, 184, 196 

Editors' Table 10, 22, 34, 46, 58, 81, 94, 106, 

118, 130, 142, 153, 165, 202 
End Women 77 

Field Day 43, 53, 105 

Filchiugs S2, 129, 166 

Fitting up Rooms 77 

Genius vs. Industry 15 

Gymnastic Exhibition 67 

Hand-downs 1 :;7 

Harpswell and Zoology 50 

Historical Reading 157 

History of Athensean 173 

History of Peuciniau isi 

Horace, Ode 1., xix 97 

Inter-Collegiate Athletic Association 148 

inter-Collegiate Literary Association I I 1 * 

In the Hide 97 

Ivy Lay 7. in 

Ivy-Day Poem 37 



.1. s.. Jr. 



•;:: 



Letter never sent Home, A 157 

Local 8, 2ii. 30, I I. 55, 68, 79, 90, L02, 115. 

L26, 1 ::'.'. L51, L63, L76, L88, 200 

Lovers, The 145 

Love Songs B5 



INDEX. 



Macbeth 97 

May Day 18 

Miss-Adventure, A 195 

Morituri Salutamus 60 

Mother Goose for Seniors Ill 

New and Old 133 

Novels 86 

On a Pair of Pants 32 

Our English 110 

Orpheus 109 

Pentameters 181 

Peucinian, History of 184 

Peucinian Library 100 

Physical Culture at Bowdoin 3 

Poetry, The Influence of, on Character 169 



Prescott, William H 181 

Prize Declamations 52 

Psi Upsilon Convention 17 

Eegatta 42, 104 

Keturn to the Old College, A 73 

Scott and His Novels 134 

Second-Hand Furniture 53 

Shall We Teach or Borrow ? 25 

Society Convention 92 

Spelling Match, The 19 

Study of Mathematics, The 122 

Spinuer, The 121 

Wanderer's Song 50 

Why I don't Rhyme any More 193 

Writing Editorials 133 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, APRIL 28, 1875. 



No. 1. 



THE ABBOT BESSARION. 

The holy Abbot, in the burning noon, 
Walked by the sea, in pious thought immersed ; 
His worn disciple, faintly following, cried, 
" My father, help me, for I die of thirst ! " 

The Abbot turned, some holy thought within, 
As he made answer, shining through his face; 
" My son, drink of this water here, and find 
How faith works miracles in every place." 

His worn disciple drank ; and lo ! the wave 
Was sweet as mountain streamlet to his taste. 
He gave God thanks ; then, stooping, filled his flask. 
" Why do you this?" Bessarion asked iu haste. 

The youth replied, " Lest I again should thirst." 
His master gazed at him with tender care; 
" God pardon thee, my son ! Thou should'st believe 
He can provide sweet water anywhere!" 

Z. V. 



ART CULTURE. 

Nothing is more common than the attempt 
to conceal or excuse ignorance and coarseness 
by a pretended contempt for wisdom and refine- 
ment. How frequently we hear the expression, 
"Oh, it's quite too fine for me!" " I don't pre- 
tend to appreciate it! " and the like, in -a tone 
which says, " I am very glad not to know and 
appreciate." Uncultivated people are most apt 
to accuse art lovers of pride in their admiration 
and enjoyment of master-pieces, wholly un- 
conscious that they themselves thus betray 
their own uncouth conceit. A little careful 
reflection would show these people that they 
are moved, not by a contempt for art, or art 
culture, but by an uncomfortable sense of 
their own deficiency. 

This vulgar spirit is encouraged by the 



feeling which is so often noted as prevalent in 
American society, that everything should be 
tried by its material value. It is difficult to 
convince a genuine Yankee of the value of a 
work of art, since it can neither be eaten, 
worn, nor reckoned in a cash account. This 
fact makes a necessity of what at first seems 
an absurdity — the setting forth of reasons 
for the popular study of art. And here I 
may be pardoned for quoting the words of 
Taine, as given in his admirable little book, 
" The Philosophy of Art." 

"Man," he says, "in many respects, is an 
animal endeavoring to protect himself against 
nature and against other men. ... To 
do this he tills the ground, navigates the sea, 
. . . forms families and states, and creates 
magistracies, functionaries, constitutions, laws, 
and armies. After so much labor and such 
invention ... he is still an animal, bet- 
ter fed and better protected than the rest, but 
so far only thinking of himself, and of others 
of his own stamp. At this moment a supe- 
rior life dawns on him — that of contempla- 
tion, leading him to study the creative and 
permanent causes on which his own well-be- 
ing and that of his fellows depend, as well as 
the essential predominant character which 
distinguishes every group of objects and beings, 
and which imprints itself on their minutest 
details. Two wavs are open to him for this 
purpose. The first is Science . . by which 
he expresses these causes and laws in abstract 
terms and precise formulas ; the second is 
Art, by which he manifests these causes and 
these fundamental laws, no longer through 
arid definitions . . only intelligible to a 
favored few, but sensuousby, appealing not 
alone to reason, hut to the heart and senses of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the humblest individual. Art is conspicuous 
for this — it is at once a noble and popular 
ministrant, manifesting whatever is most ex- 
alted, and manifesting this to all." [Part I., 
Chap. 7.] 

Most students in coming to college are 
disappointed in not finding that literary at- 
mosphere from which they had fondly hoped 
to breathe in culture as one breathes in vigor 
from the air of the mountains. Instead of 
being unconsciously moulded by refining in- 
fluences, as he expected, the student is com- 
pelled continually to struggle against indif- 
ference, rudeness, and even an apparent half- 
pitying contempt for culture. This is almost 
inevitable in college life. The effect of so 
much unvaried literary work as the curricu- 
lum involves, is to satiate ; and students seek 
relaxation and amusement in pursuits as far 
as possible removed from their ordinary work. 
Here Art should have its place. Many hours 
are given to amusements utterly frivolous, 
and whose only merit is that they allow the 
mind to rest. But change is rest; and it is 
not necessary that the mind be idle in order 
to obtain relaxation. The cultivation of eye 
and ear to the sense of the beautiful, brings 
with it a means of enjoyment at once elevat- 
ing and refining. It is a fault of the age that 
we make a business of everything. If students 
could once be brought to accept art as a le- 
gitimate pleasure, they would find that they 
had relieved themselves from many hours of 
ennui; enriched their lives ; and taken a long 
stride toward settling the vexed question of 
popularizing art. How much beauty runs to 
waste in this world, as far as man is concerned ; 
and how many of us defraud ourselves of our 
rightful heritage by neglecting to cultivate the 
faculties necessary to its appreciation. 

This has, too, its practical value. It is not 
only that the cultured eye finds a keen enjoy- 
ment in beauties hitherto unnoticed ; but it is 
often of great practical value to be able to 
judge and understand niceties of outline, col- 



oring, and grouping. It is to this training 
that we must look for deliverance from the 
barbarisms which are rife in our architecture, 
and the details of our domestic life. 

The influence of art as a moral agent, also, 
is becoming more and more deeply felt. A 
refinement of taste must beget a disgust for 
at least the lower vices ; and he can never 
become irretrievably degraded who lives 

. . " for Beauty, as martyrs do 
For truth, — the euds being scarcely two." 

The practical gaining of this culture is, to a 
greater or less degree, within the reach of 
each of us. The fine pictures in our gallery 
will amply repay study ; and only those who 
have enjoyed it know the pleasure of such 
study. Let any one select the pictures which 
please him best, and try to discover loliy they 
please him. Let him, if possible, make per- 
fectly clear to his own mind what qualities 
they possess, the lack of which makes the 
other picture less attractive to him. Let him 
compare the drawing and coloring of one 
artist with those of another. Rubens's " Ve- 
nus and Ceres," for instance, with Titian's 
" Venus and Adonis," or Raphael's " Holy 
Family " ; the wonderful flesh tint of the 
Vandyke with that of the masters mentioned, 
or the more modern Copley and Stuart. 
These questions and comparisons, once started, 
will be found to be almost numberless ; and, 
if carefully made, each will be a deep lesson 
in art. The excellent heliotypes, too, are 
offered so cheaply as to be within the reach 
of most students. These, although they can 
not give color and tone, yet faithfully preserve 
the composition and motives of the originals. 
With a little care and a trifling expense one 
may easily make a collection of copies from 
the best masters ; and he will notice with sur- 
prise how soon he will be able to think and 
talk of them, not only with enjoyment, but 
with real intelligence. 

It is not, however, being able to talk 
learnedly of pictures ; it is not for a techni- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



cal knowledge, a Superficial varnish of art- 
phrases, that we should strive ; but for the 
living, vital, ennobling power of art as the 
highest human interpretation of the beautiful. 

The student has always a criterion by 
which to judge works of art, and that is 
nature. At first he will only be able to con- 
sider form ; but a deeper insight will follow, 
which will demand that the feeling, the inten- 
tion, the motive — to use the technical term, — 
shall be true to nature. 

It is next important that one study the 
best models. " Taste should be educated," 
says Goethe, " by contemplation, not of the 
tolerably good, but of the truly excellent." 
Of course it is necessary at first to rely upon 
the judgment of others; but the careful 
observer soon finds that his own judgment 
coincides with that of those who have already 
studied art before him. 

I have spoken principally of painting. 
The same remarks might easily be extended 
to all the so-called " fine arts." Music is the 
highest, and consequently the most difficult 
for which to establish a standard. But in all 
art it is necessary for him who would seek the 
highest development, if not to criticise at 
least to discriminate, in order that he may 
protect himself from all but the highest. The 
study of works of the highest merit gives a 
just judgment of the value of others; for Art, 
like a passionate woman, reveals the inner- 
most depths of her being to her lover, even 
though what he sees in her soul may drive 
him from her. 



PHYSICAL CULTURE AT BOWDOIN. 

The question of the relative merits of 
menial and physical development is not a new 
one. For many years the seemingly antago- 
nistic claims of brain and muscle have been a 
subject of discussion. Since the time when 
the life of Henry Kirke White furnished an 
example of the purely mental theory of de- 



velopment, with its disastrous consequences, 
the question has had its advocates for and 
against, and in our day, notwithstanding the 
length of time it has been under discussion, 
is still open. Although there ma}' be none 
who assert that physical culture is not a good 
thing in its place, there are many who claim 
that in our American colleges it is carried too 
far to-day. It is argued, men should not come 
to college merely to learn the most scientific 
stroke, or the most approved method of hand- 
ling a base-ball bat. True ; but neither should 
men come to college to make mere book 
worms, whose lives are bound up in the cov- 
ers of musty old folios. In avoiding one ex- 
treme, care is necessary to steer clear of the 
other. Ask any graduate of five, ten, or 
twenty years' standing, whether the extreme 
in his day was the phj^sical, or look for your- 
self to-day, and the answer can not be other 
than an emphatic no ! The tendency may 
perhaps be in this direction, but we have a 
long distance to advance before reaching it. 
The world has seen enough college gradu- 
ates with weak lungs, narrow shoulders, and 
shrunken muscles. The call is for " sound 
minds in sound bodies," for men of action as 
well as men of thought, and the true aim of 
a college course should be to give these. 
That educational system is radically defective, 
which exalts one-half of being at the expense 
of dwarfing the other. Physical culture, 
again, is invaluable as a means of increasing 
ability for mental labor. When the brain is 
throbbing and the mind seems incapable of 
originating a thought or of collecting those 
already originated, what a freshness and 
vigor is gained by a game of ball, a pull on 
the river, or a long walk with some congenial 
companion. Even the advocates of the infi- 
nite superiority of mind to muscle, will do 
well to remember that although above it. ii is 
not independent of it; that what tends to the 
health of the one will as certainly be for the 
interest of the other. Among the students 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of the English universities, muscular devel- 
opment has been carried much further than 
with us, while the results have not been so 
demoralizing that they can not claim a very 
fair comparison as regards intellectual cult- 
ure. And what athletes were the old Greek 
philosophers and statesmen ; notwithstanding 
which they managed to achieve very respect- 
able results, that have hardly been exceeded 
since. To come nearer home, a casual glance 
at our own Bowdoin alumni will show that 
those men who have excelled in the physical 
arena have not been undistinguished in the 
mental. It would be easy to mention a num- 
ber of members of classes recently graduated, 
who were known alike as men of muscle and 
men of brain. 

But, admitting that the two theories of 
development are not really conflicting, and can 
be made to harmonize, let us see what is nec- 
essary to be done to advance the one without 
injuring the other. The situation of Bowdoin 
is particularly favorable to physical culture. 
The town of Brunswick is noted for the 
healthiness of its climate. We are on the 
banks of a noble river, furnishing opportuni- 
ties for boating and kindred sports, not ex- 
celled by those of any college in the country. 
Our fields for base ball and other athletic 
sports are ample and easily accessible. Our 
gymnasium, with its large hall, improved 
apparatus, and skillful instructor, can not be 
too highly prized. The abolition of the drill 
removed the last obstacle to Bowdoin's assum- 
ing a leading position in athletic contests, and 
all that is needed now is determination on 
the part of the students to give her this posi- 
tion. What is wanted is not a series of spas- 
modic efforts, now for this object, and again 
for that. We have seen enough of spasms, 
and now look for steady, earnest, well-direct- 
ed effort. Our sports must be placed on a 
secure foundation. There has been a marked 
improvement during the past six months, but 
the maximum has not yet been reached. The 



responsibility has too long rested upon*a few. 
It belongs to all and must be assumed by all. 
Supporting the base-ball nine or the univer- 
sity six, belongs not to the nine or the six, 
with a few others, but to the whole college. 
When the nine goes to the field, or the crew 
to the regatta, it must go "backed up" by 
every man in college, and behind all this must 
be the support of the alumni. Loyalty to 
college and college institutions should not 
cease at graduating, but rather grow stronger 
and more willing to assert itself, as time 
brings it new opportunities in the increasing 
needs of Alma Mater. 



BOATING CONVENTION. 

Since our last issue, the meeting of the 
Boating Convention has taken place. It was 
held at Springfield, April 17. Bowdoin was 
represented by Mr. 0."C. Stevens of the Jun- 
ior class, and Mr. J. M. Burleigh of the 
Freshman. 

Delegates were present from Amherst, 
Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Har- 
vard, Princeton, Trinity, Union, Wesleyan, 
Williams, and Yale. Hamilton was without 
representatives ; Bowdoin was unanimously 
re-admitted. By some oversight, however, 
the petition for re-admission was not read 
until several votes had been taken, the result 
of which would be to prevent Bowdoin from 
carrying out her first intention of being repre- 
sented by a single-scull alone. 

The following are the most important 
changes in the racing rules : — 

Rule V. Each boat shall keep its own water 
during the race, and any boat departing from its 
own water shall be disqualified. 

Rule VI. A boat's own water is its buoyed 
course parallel with those of the other competing 
boats, from the station assigned to it at starting to 
the finish, and the Umpire shall be sole judge of a 
boat's deviation from its own water and proper 
course through the race. 

Rule XVIII. If in conformity with rules XI., 
sec. B. or XIII., a second race is ordered by the 
Umpiro, it shall not be called on the same day as 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the first race. Referee was changed throughout to 
Umpire. 

Section 2 of the amendments made in 

April, 1874, reads as revised : — 

" Any College not represented in either the Uni- 
versity or Freshman race of the regatta, immediately 
preceding the annual convention of this Association, 
shall not be considered a member of this Associa- 
tion, and shall not have a vote in any succeeding 
convention, until it shall have gained its full mem- 
bership by such representation in the regatta directly 
preceding such convention." 

As is well known, the name of the associa- 
tion was changed from the to a Rowing Asso- 
ciation of American Colleges. 

No clubs but those which are now mem- 
bers, or which have been so, will hereafter be 
admitted to membership. Any College which 
shall fail in sending delegates to three consecu- 
tive regattas of the Association is to be cut 
off from future membership. 

The positions of the crews, numbering 
from the west shore are: 1, Williams ; 2, Cor- 
nell ; 3, Amherst ; 4, Bowdoin ; 5, Brown ; 
6, Columbia ; 7, Wesleyan ; 8, Princeton ; 9, 
Dartmouth; 10, Yale; 11, Trinity; 12, Har- 
vard ; 13, Union ; 14, Hamilton. This order 
will be kept for the Freshman and single-scull 
races also. The races are to take place " not 
after 11 o'clock in the morning." 

Men are said to be in training for the sin- 
gle-scull race at Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, 
Williams, and Yale. Freshman crews will 
probable come from Brown, Columbia, Cornell, 
Harvard, Princeton, and Yale. 

In spite of the efforts of the Harvard 
delegates, who favored the election of Mr. 
Alexander Agassiz, the Umpire chosen was 
Mr. Watson, formerly of Wilkes Spirit of the 
Times. 

Only graduates or undergraduates will be 
allowed to train crews ; any crew employing 
other training being thereby disqualified. The 
time of the annual meeting was changed to 
Dec. 1, 1875. An amendment to be voted on 
at that meeting is " that no College that is not 
represented in either the Universit}- or Fresh- 



man race shall be represented in any other 
race of the regatta." 

At a College meeting held at Bowdoin, 
April 17, Mr. Stevens presented his report, 
and it was voted to send a University crew to 
the regatta. Measures are now being taken 
to secure the necessary funds ; and the class 
crews, from which the University crew will 
be selected, are at work in the gymnasium. 

One of the most noticeable features of the 
Senior and Junior Exhibition, at the end of 
last term, was that all the Junior parts were 
translations into English. It may be largely 
owing to this fact that the exhibition was, as 
is generally acknowledged, one of the best 
given here in a long time. A mixed audience 
soon becomes weary of listening to parts 
their only understanding of which must come 
from the speaker's inflections, gestures, or 
expression ; and we know too well how intel- 
ligible the average student can make himself 
if confined to these methods of expression 
alone. A restlessness and inattention on the 
part of the audience dishearten the speaker, 
and both are glad when their respective tasks 
of speaking and hearing are done. 

Then, too, the old custom of delivering 
parts in foreign languages before an audience 
that could not understand them, even if cor- 
rectly and fluently pronounced, seems to savor 
somewhat of pedantry. 

We sincerely hope that the new order of 
things may be taken as a precedent which 
shall be followed at future exhibitions. 

We were sony to notice the absence of 
the choir from the Chapel gallery on the first 
Sabbath morning of the term. The singing 
last term was a source of much pleasure to the 
students, and added an attractive feature to 
the service. With the many fine voices that 
we have here, there seems to be no reason 
why this pleasant custom should be discon- 
tinued. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1875. 



EDITORS. 



Aelo Bates, 
C. H. Clark, 
C. T. Haves, 



E. H. Kimball, 
J. G. Libby, 
J. A. Morrill, 



W. H. G. Kowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son, Brunswick. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 1.— April 28, 1875. 

The Abbot Bessarion 1 

Art Culture 2 

Physical Culture at Bowdoin 3 

Boating Convention 4 

Editorial Notes 6 

Local 8 

Alumni Notes 9 

Editors' Table 10 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



By numerous notices in our exchanges we 
have become aware of the presence of Spring ; 
and we feel it to be our painful but unavoid- 
able duty to apprise our readers of the inter- 
esting fact that this delightful season has at 
last put in her appearance. The mercury 
ranges, in the sanctum, between forty and 
sixty, if we keep it near a good fire ; the snow 
storms are now of only a few days' duration ; 
the skating is spoiled ; a bitter wind blows 
from the north-east ; the. chapel bell rings at 
half-past six a.m.; all these tokens we adduce 
as proof that " ethereal mildness " is here. 



Odes on Spring are in order ; but our poet 
was frozen to death yesterday, and an exam- 
ination of his pocket-book showed that al- 
though he had made a brave beginning, he 
had got no further than to note down " zephyr 
— heifer," " smiling Spring — everything," and 
a few rhymes of that sort. Nothing in the 
poetical line is to be expected of us, there- 
fore, in the praise of E. Mildness. 

Let all good people keep to their winter 
clothing ; but, take our word for it, it is Spring! 



It may not be amiss, at the beginning at 
once of a new volume and a new system of 
electing editors, to remind the members of '77 
of the relation of both facts to them. The 
next board of editors will come from the 
present Sophomore class, and will probably 
be elected by the present board of editors. 
In view of the first of these facts it would 
seem to be good policy on the part of the 
class which will furnish the next board, to be 
in a manner preparing for the work before 
them. This they may do by practicing their 
pens while the present volume is in hand. 
The editors can not, of course, go to the dif- 
ferent men in '77 who can write well, and 
request communications, since they have no 
means of knowing who the ready Avriters are. 
The present board will be most happy to re- 
ceive contributions from them ; reserving, of 
course, the right to use them only as far as 
they see fit. In this way a preparation would 
be made for the next election, since the retir- 
ing board would have a means of deciding who 
were best qualified to be their successors. 

To the Juniors, also, we beg leave to sug- 
gest that they are not to consider themselves 
freed from all responsibility because they are 
not all placed upon the editorial staff. While 
all in the College should feel an interest in the 
College paper, the Juniors are more especially 
regarded as responsible for its well-being, and 
should do all in their power to make it a 
success. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



In the present need of money for our boat- 
ing interests, "various plans have been sug- 
gested for increasing the funds of the Associ- 
ation. One of the most feasible, it seems to 
us, is that for the formation of a dramatic 
corps. We have so large a number to select 
from, that there would be no difficulty in 
properly fining the male roles; and the young 
ladies in town have already proved their will- 
ingness to help in a good cause. There are 
many, both in the College and in the town, 
who have not only a deep interest in dramatic 
enterprises, but who have already shown posi- 
tive histrionic talent. There seems to us no 
reason why this talent should not be utilized. 
Entertainments might be given in Brunswick 
and Bath, and possibly in some other of our 
neighboring towns. Besides the real advan- 
tage as a drill in elocution, which this might 
be to those who took part in it, we can speak 
from experience in saying that it also would 
be thoroughly enjoyable. A dramatic enter- 
tainment is one of the few undertakings in 
which the pleasure overbalances the trouble, 
and from which at the same time a handsome 
sum may be gained. Moreover, all money 
obtained in this way is clear gain, since it in 
no way diminishes the total of the subscrip- 
tion list. It is near the beginning of the 
term, and there is ample time for all needful 
preparations, if the matter is at once attended 
to. Where is the friend of boating who will 
start the good work? He may be assured 
that he will not lack for earnest support, but 
will find many ready to aid when once a move 
has been made. 



In connection with the subject of planting 
the Ivy, which ought soon to engage the 
attention of the Junior Class, we think that 
perhaps a short history of the custom may 
interest the readers of the Orient. The idea 
of planting an ivy seems to haw been derived 
from Yale, and the custom was instituted at 
Bowdoin by the class of '66. According to 



the programme before us, the day chosen was 
the twenty-sixth of October, 1865, and the 
exercises consisted of an Address, by G. W. 
Kelly ; a Poem, by G. T. Sumner ; and the 
singing of the Ode, written for the occasion 
by H. L. Chapman. In the evening there 
was a concert by Hall's Band in the Mason 
St. Church, and a dance in Tontine Hall. 
Unfortunately, and we know not why, the 
custom was not continued by the succeeding 
classes. About two years ago '74 revived it ; 
but, notwithstanding their efforts, the Ivy of 
'66 is the only one alive. We hope soon to 
see another, planted by the class of '76, flour- 
ishing near it. Not one of the customs of 
Bowdoin seems more worthy of perpetuation. 
The various class exercises will be in a meas- 
ure forgotten, but not so any living memorial 
which a class may claim as peculiarly its own. 
Other colleges have similar customs, and 
surely ours ought not to be destitute. College 
pride, which urges us to make .any endeavor 
to maintain athletic sports, should also exert 
an influence in this direction. Let not '76, in 
its interest in base ball and boating, neglect 
this matter, but, beginning in season, be the 
class to successfully re-inaugurate this custom. 
Since the above was written, we learn that 
the Junior Class has appointed a committee 
to take charge of this matter. 

To the Editors of the Orient. 

At a meeting of the Base Ball Association, 
held April 5, it was unanimously 

Resolved, That the Association tender its sincere 
thanks to the young ladies of Brunswick who par- 
ticipated in the spelling match of April 3d, for their 
kindness in so willing]} - coming forward and giving 
their aid on that occasion ; and that the Association 
further wishes us to express its gratitude to Prof. 
Chapman, and to Tutors Chandler and Colo for 
their o1)liu r inu r acceptance of tin- positions of enun- 
ciator and judges, and for the very satisfactory 
manner in which they performed their duties. 
F. C. Patson, 

Sec. B. B. A. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



LOCAL. - 

Chapel bell rings at 6.30. 

Beware of the subscription paper. 

Remember Camilla Urso on the 30th. 

One hundred and forty-two students have 
already returned to College. 

"Well, come Spring!" said an impatient 
Freshman the other day in a snow storm. 

Whitcomb of '76 won the prize in a spell- 
ing match at Dartmouth, a few weeks since. 

A new letter-box for the midnight mail 
has been placed in the depot near the bag- 
gage room. 

" Lo ! the poor Modoc, 
"Whoso untutored miud," etc., 
is still here. 

Think of the eighty-four dollars in the 
base-ball treasury, and show your lady friends 
the vote of thanks. 

S thinks the " ice was broken " in 

boating this year, when the barge was launched 
for the first time in the slightly frozen river. 

The Sigma Phi Society house at Williams 
College, was robbed during vacation, of clothes 
and other valuables, to the amount of about 



The first nine called together by the Cap- 
tain for practice on the grounds was as follows: 
Payson, Captain ; Sanford, Wright, Whitmore, 
Waitt, Atwood, Fuller, C. E. Cobb, and Jacobs. 

The Engineering Juniors thought to escape 
Astronomy this term by reviewing Calculus ! 
They have not been allowed to do it, how- 
ever, and are now pursuing the study of the 
stars with great diligence. 

As there will not be a meeting of the 
Trustees and Overseers of the College until 
Commencement, those trees that are so trouble- 
some in the base-ball field can not be taken 
out of the way until next term. 



Glad to see you back again. 

Pay your debts while you have money. 

Prof. Young continues his lectures on Phi- 
lology to the Juniors this term. 

Stowell of '77, passed through here the 
other day on his way to Dakota. 

Horace Sturgis of '76, writes from Naples, 
sending his regards to all his College friends. 

Pres. Forsyth has suspended the whole 
Senior class of the Troy Polytechnic Institute, 
for insubordination. 

The Seniors have been making up for lost 
time since the President returned. They have 
to attend two recitations a day now. 

Examination in Chemistry. Professor — 
"What is litmus paper used for?" Senior 
(sagely) — " It is used for filtering and to keep 
things from burning." 

Some of the boys who were on the fence 
last term have since jumped on to the Gymna- 
sium side. Those who have not committed 
this offensive act should not be railed at, how- 
ever. 

We were much gratified a few mornings 
since to hear a boy warned not to clean spit- 
toons near the pump. Everybody ought to 
see that it is not done, for certainly it is a 
matter of interest to all. 

The Seniors have secured the services of 
the following artists for their Commencement 
concert : Miss Cary, Miss Henrietta Beebe of 
the New York Madrigal Glee Club, W. H. 
Fessenden, and W. H. Beckett of the Phil- 
harmonic Club. 

This term the class officers are changed as 
follows: Instructor Robinson has the Juniors 
in place of Instructor Moore. Prof. Chap- 
man, the Sophomores, in place of Prof. Smith ; 
Prof. J. B. Sewall, the Freshmen, in place of 
Tutor Chandler; Prof. Carmichael still has 
the Seniors. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Scene. Student presenting an excuse. 
Prof. — "But why did 3'ou miss the train?" 
Student (slowly and after much thought) — 
"Because I didn't get there in time." 

A spelling match will take place in the 
City Hall, Portland, on May 7th, between 
twenty-five Bowdoin students and the same 
number of young ladies from the Portland 
High School. 

The Gymnasium time-table this term is as 
follows : Seniors and Sophomores from 5 to 
5.30 ; Juniors and Freshmen from 5.30 to 6 ; 
Proficients from 5 to 6. The leaders and 
interior arrangements are the same as in the 
fall term. 

E. H. Hall, of the Senior class, has been 
elected Captain of the University Crew, with 
full power to choose his men. Those now in 
training under his direction are Pratt, '76 ; 
Sargent, '76 ; Crocker, '77 ; Burleigh, '78, and 
Hall, '78. 

The Juniors have all their recitations in 
the forenoon, but notwithstanding this they 
protest that undue favor is shown to the 
scientific Sophomores who are permitted to 
recite with them in botany. Who wouldn't 
be a scientist and recite with upper-classmen ? 

The rooms of the Bowdoin Ba?e-Ball 
Association presented a very pleasant appear- 
ance on the evening of the 17th inst., when 
they were opened for the first time in the 
term. A present to the association, from Mr. 
Upton of the Senior class, attracted our atten- 
tion. It consists of- a picture, around the 
margin of which are gathered the different 
College colors. The furniture shows, as yet, 
no signs of weakness, and even-thing is as 
neat as could be expected. There were 
twenty or more present, and the meeting was 
conducted in a perfectly quiet and gentle- 
manly manner. There can be no doubt but 
that the rooms add much to the hearty inter- 
est felt in base ball throughout the College. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



'50. — Hon. Wm. P. Frye has been engaged 
to deliver the oration before Knox Post, G. 

A. R., at Lewiston, on Decoration Day. 

'56. — The Mirror says that Rev. Edwin 

B. Palmer, of the Third Congregational 
Church in Chicopee, and formerly of Lewis- 
ton, was dismissed from his pastorate by 
advice of a council, March 23d. 

'64. — Rev. "Webster Woodbury, pastor of 
the Congregational Church at Skowhegan, 
has resigned. 

'66. — Prof. F. H. Gerrish, says the Adver- 
tiser, has resigned his Professorship of Thera- 
peutics, Materia Medica, and Plrysiology, in 
the University of Michigan, for the purpose 
of resuming the practice of his profession in 
Portland. 

'69. — The Bkldeford Journal says Rev. Mr. 
Woodwell of the First Congregational Church 
in Wells, is soon to close his labors in that 
church. He will leave a large circle of friends 
and admirers. 

70. — A correspondent of the Lewiston 
Journal writes : " The school at Wilton Acad- 
emy is in a most flourishing condition. The 
number of pupils this term is unusually large. 
The manner of instruction under the old 
board of teachers is very satisfactory to all 
concerned. Prof. D. T. Timberlake, the able 
Principal, is a native of Livermore, and a 
graduate of Bowdoin College." 

'70. — E. C. Woodward is taking a course 
in Chemistry at Bowdoin. 

'73.— J. F. Elliot is Principal of the High 
School, Winchendon, Mass. 

'73.— Andrew P. Wiswell, Esq., of Ells- 
worth, has been appointed to the position of 
U. S. Assistant Counsel, to supervise the tak- 
ing of testimony in cases pending before the 
Court of Commissioners of Alabama Claims 
at Washington. 

'73. — A. G. Ladd is Principal of Bruns- 
wick Grammar School. 



10 



BOWD01N ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



It is with a feeling of bewilderment that we grasp 
the quill for the first greeting to our exchanges. 
Naturally diffident, to he suddenly brought face to 
face with two or three dozen straugers, is almost more 
than we can endure with equanimity. To all we 
make our best bo w, which, though it be but an awkward 
one, is yet meant to express kindly feeling. If our 
remarks are neither profound nor brilliant, they shall 
at least be honest ; if we are ever detected in par- 
tiality it will be because we are human ; and if any 
luckless one thinks that we have abused him, we 
assure him in advance that, like Lady Teazle, we 
do it out of poor good humor. 

We are much moved by the trials of the Alabama 
University Monthly, which seems to us truly unfor- 
tunate. It pathetically says : — 

"We have a dread of printer's errors. They 
make one say at times such strange and ludicrous 
things. Correcting the proof, the other day, of the 
article entitled, 'A Much Discussed Subject,' in 
the present issue of our Magazine, we were shocked 
on reading in the opening sentence the following: 
'The youth who has a rising in his bosom,' etc., 
which is as much as to say: ' The youth who has a 
tumor on his breast.' On turning to the MS., we 
found that the author had written : ' The youth 
who feels arising in his breast that noble pride,' etc. 
We were in mortal fear of that printer, and so we 
change the word arising to swelling. We were 
pleased to find that he has not set up the latter 
word as smelling." 

The matter can hardly be said to be mended 
much, for the "a" unfortunately remains, so that 
the passage as printed reads: "The youth who 
has a sivelling in his bosom " ! The proof-reader 
must be a trifle careless, for in the same issue the 
word "die" is omitted in a couplet which we sup- 
pose should read : — 

"I need, if I would not die yet, 

A change of diet, love;" — 
and on the same page — do they have spelling 
schools at Tuscaloosa? — "preseribe" for prescribe, 
and " mew " for muse. The Monthly, is, however, 
one of the most readable of the periodicals thus far 
received. 

To the Owl we are tempted to exclaim with 
Froude's cat : " Bless the mother that laid you, 
you were dropped by mistake in a goose-nest ! " 
The April number opens with an article, or rather 
the first of a series of articles, upon " Spiritism and 
the Spirits," which would rank high as an ingenious 
bit of logic, showing how much may be done in the 
way of argument without proving anything in par- 



ticular. From the assurance with which the writer 
speaks of "the souls of the dead," one might sup- 
pose that he " knew all about it, for he had been 
there" ; a conclusion which is enforced by a certain 
mustiness of style. "Jumping the Fence" is 
" nothing better but rather worse." The Owl, after 
all, has a very pleasant appearance, aud to be 
pleased with it, it is only necessary not to read it .' 

One of the most pleasant things that we have 
found in the exchanges thus far received, are the 
very graceful " Paraphrases on Heine," in the Har- 
vard Advocate. We can not better please our read- 
ers than by quoting one of them : — 

"When I but gaze into thine eyes, 

Then flies my grief, my sorrow flies; 

And when I kiss thy lips, my heart 

In health new-found forgets its smart. 

"When I upon thy bosom rest, 

The bliss of heaven steals through my breast; 

And when thou say'st, " I love but thee," 

I weep, unwilling, bitterly." 

The College Herald has among others, a notice- 
able article on "The Females of Burtnah" ; written, 
by the way, if the signature is not a nom de plume, 
by " Mouny Pho San Win." 

It is a little strange that a paper so enthusiastic- 
ally devoted to art as the Scholastic seems to be, 
should make its appearance in a dress of such an 
abominable tint. In general appearance, however, 
it far excels the Wittenberger, which is so poorly 
printed as to be almost illegible. 

The Western for April is an excellent number, 
with the single exception of "The Quest" — in 
which we are informed of the startling fact that 
some unknown young man—" though the night came 
moonless and starless," "never reverses his face!" 
— the articles are exceptionally good, especially 
" The Necessity of the Specialist," and " Thoughts 
on the Music of Beethoven." 

We have received a copy of the Rowing and 
Athletic Annual for 1875. The book contains, in 
concise and portable form, records of the races, 
field-days, aud matches of 1874, both in the United 
States and Canada. As far as we are able to judge 
from a cursory examination, the statistics are both 
valuable and accurate, and the book a most conven- 
ient hand-book for reference. Published by the edi- 
tor, James Watson, New York. 

The Mercury notices the fact that a member of 
'74 has removed " that splendid gotee which was the 
pride and glory of the Missionray Society." Yes ? 
But what is a " gotee " ? 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 12, 1875. 



No. 2. 



COLLEGE EDUCATION. 

The subject of college education is one 
which well deserves attention, nor does it lose 
any of its interest from being so frequently 
discussed. And especially interesting is it to 
those who are spending so much valuable time 
in gaining this education, to consider whether 
it is one which will best fit them for the life 
upon which the} 7 are about to enter. 

Do colleges afford such instruction and 
discipline as are best adapted to my wants? 
and am I gaining the greatest amount possible 
from the advantages offered ? are questions 
which the student often asks himself, and 
answers satisfactorily, or otherwise, as the case 
may be. 

We all know that it is the aim of a college 
education to combine the greatest possible 
amount of discipline and culture with a fail- 
amount of useful practical knowledge. To 
carry out this design a regular course of study 
is adopted, and this course is one which long 
experience has proved to be specially adapted 
to the wants of the student. 

One of the faculties of the mind is not 
developed to the exclusion of all others, but 
all receive their share of culture and training. 
Do the reasoning powers need to be devel- 
oped ? Logic, and other similar studies, are 
specially designed for that purpose. 

Do exactness, imagination, and patience 
need to be cultivated ? Mathematics, astron- 
omy, and the Greek verb come in to supply 
the need. And so we might go on through 
the whole curriculum, and find that each 
study best accomplishes the object for which 
it was designed. 

But some raise the objection to a college 
education that it is not practical enough, and 



that for many of the most important avoca- 
tions of life the student leaves college as un- 
prepared as he enters it. That such a charge 
is true to the full extent can not be maintained. 
The elements of manj r practical sciences are 
well taught in our colleges. But the aim of 
a college education must be kept carefully in 
view and distinguished from that of a profes- 
sional one. 

Colleges do not aim to teach one a trade or 
profession, but to lay the broad and sure foun- 
dations upon which the latter is to be buirt. 
The general education gained in these institu- 
tions can not fail to be of value in preparing 
the student for whatever avocation he may 
afterward select. The mind is invigorated 
and expanded, and thus prepared to enter 
upon almost any occupation with assurance of 
success. 

The knowledge which we actually gain 
from the pages of Demosthenes and Tacitus 
may be small and unenduring ; but the vigor 
and expansion of mind which we gain by a 
thorough study of the productions of some of 
the mightiest intellects which have ever ex- 
isted will endure throughout a whole lifetime, 
and their value cannot be over-estimated. 

A bare knowledge of facts may be of some 
value, but when compared with this discipline 
of which we have just spoken it sinks into 
insignificance. 

Another important advantage which one 
gains from a study of the classics is the fac- 
ulty of communicating his ideas and concep- 
tions most acceptably to others. 

The man who has a good command of 
language, even if his stock of ideas be some- 
what limited, often exerts a greater influence 
over the community than one who has :i 



14 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



greater depth and range of thought, but less 
command of language. Always to compre- 
hend the full meaning which is contained in 
the writings of classical authors, and to best 
express that meaning in our own language, 
may be a difficult task ; but it can not fail to 
be of service in making us masters of our own 
language. 

Another objection which is often raised 
against our colleges is that they do not fulfill 
the promises held forth to the students and 
their friends ; or, in other words, that the in- 
struction which they give is not thorough of 
its kind. Those who make this objection 
compare our colleges with the universities 
of England and Germany as regards the 
thoroughness of instruction given. 

Now, although we are far from denying 
that the classical education given in this 
country is less complete than that given in 
the countries just mentioned, yet we do think 
that this difference is sometimes exaggerated, 
and that, such as it is, it is not entirely charge- 
able to our colleges. The difference in the 
preparatory training should also be considered 
and taken into account in the estimation. 

But if our classical education is less perfect 
and exact than that given in England or Ger- 
many, it is certainly going too far to say that 
it is useless or worse than useless. It is true 
that we do not acquire the art of speaking 
Latin or Greek fluently ; yet we gain knowl- 
edge enough of those languages to be able to 
read correctly such extracts from them as 
may be thrown in our way in after life. 

And the same remark may be extended 
to many other branches of study which form 
a part of our college curriculum. The stu- 
dent gains such a knowledge of them as will 
enable him to render himself a thorough pro- 
ficient in the one or the few to which he may 
devote himself in after life. 

Such education does not deserve to be 
called superficial. 

The elective system which some of our col- 



leges are adopting may be to a certain extent 
advantageous ; but we believe that in the 
main it is no improvement upon the old one. 
In the first place, it is assumed by the advo- 
cates of that system that the student, upon his 
entrance into our colleges at the age of eighteen 
or nineteen years on an average, is a better 
judge of what studies he shall pursue than 
those who have had a long experience in such 
matters, and who will consult the student's 
best good in selecting those studies which he 
shall pursue. 

We can easily see the absurdity of this 
assumption. The consequence in many cases 
will be that those branches of study which 
seem difficult at the outset will be neglected, 
while those which require but little thougnt 
or labor, or which please the student's fancy, 
will be chosen. 

Nothing is easier than for one to persuade 
himself that he is unable to comprehend this 
or that abstruse branch of study. But if all 
those studies which seem difficult at the outset 
are neglected, how many proficients should 
we find in any art or occupation whatever? 
On the contrar3 r , history is filled with the 
names of men whose greatest distinction has 
been gained in those pursuits which they 
found distasteful or discouraging at first. 

Another consequence which is liable to fol- 
low from allowing the student, at his entrance 
upon college life, to select his favorite course 
of study, is that his education will be of a 
limited kind, and that a man of general in- 
formation, as we understand the term, will be 
rarely found. 

It is said that the classical scholar in En- 
gland is a mere scholar with little knowledge 
on any topics of interest which date since the 
Christian Era, and with no sympathy in the 
pursuits of the great mass of his countrymen. 

Such results as these would be anything 
but desirable in a country like ours, where 
the usefulness as well as the reputation of an 
individual often depends upon the degree of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



15 



general knowledge which he may possess in 
relation to the pursuits and condition of those 
who are engaged in other avocations than his 
own. Hence it appears that the reasons 
given in favor of the elective system are 
more than counterbalanced by the positive 
disadvantages which would result. 

After a careful consideration of this sub- 
ject on all sides, it can not but be concluded 
that a good general education and discipline 
ought to be gained by every one preparatory 
to the selection and pursuit of his profession ; 
and that our colleges, as conducted at present, 
afford the best opportunities for securing that 
education. 



GENIUS t». INDUSTRY. 

What is usually called genius or talent is 
sometimes the natural gift with which some 
persons are endowed, enabling them with very 
little labor to surmount all difficulties in their 
way and rise to the highest eminence in what- 
ever they undertake. But more frequently 
the so-called men of genius are men unsur- 
passed in the diligence and perseverance of 
their labors, and who by their indomitable 
application have prepared themselves for the 
greatest undertakings. 

The fact is, that genius is to a certain 
extent this gift of application ; this power 
of devoting one's whole energies to his work ; 
this willingness to work early and late, and to 
turn to account every spare moment, even if 
the fruit of our labor is not seen in a present 
reward. Of course industry alone can not 
accomplish the highest results. These can 
only be attained by industry united with 
genius. But fair ability and great perseve- 
rance will often be more effective than the 
highest genius without this perseverance. 

Oftentimes it occurs that men of genius 
are unknown until late in life, when they 
burst forth in great splendor. Why is this ? 
Simply because their genius does not consist 



so much in any great intellectual gifts with 
which they may be endowed as in this gift of 
perseverance in conquering every obstacle in 
their way. Because through all these years 
of obscurity they have been toiling and strug- 
gling on, preparing themselves for the great 
efforts by which they render themselves dis- 
tinguished. And then we point to them as 
prodigies of genius, as men gifted with extra- 
ordinary intellectual endowments, when in 
reality they may possess no greater natural 
ability, perhaps, indeed, not so great, as many 
others who, simply on account of their neg- 
lect to employ their talents to the best advan- 
tage, occupy much lower stations than they. 

But, on the other hand, how much do men 
of great natural abilit}', but with little indus- 
try, accomplish ? Do our greatest men belong 
to this class ? We think not. As a general 
rule the men who have attained to the highest 
success in life have been the greatest workers. 
It must necessarily be so. For of what avail 
is it for a man to have talents if he does not 
use them? Certainly of no more use than a 
bag of gold buried in the ground. 

We observe even here in college the supe- 
riority of industry to this so-called genius. 
Here we see men whom we know to possess 
great natural ability idling away their time, 
and only now and then showing their power 
b} r a brilliant recitation, perhaps, in some study 
which happens to specially interest them. 
Then comes the man of industr3 r , his lessons 
prepared by long hours of study, just the 
same one day as another, his work always 
faithfully performed, and how much more he 
accomplishes than the idle man of genius. 

It is wonderful when we consider the class 
of young men gathered together in college, 
that so much time is wasted. In so large a 
body of students it is of course to be expected 
that there will be some who will do as little 
work as possible. But it is strange that there 
are so many, among them some even who are 
working their way and undergoing hardships 



16 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



for the sake of a college education, who are 
so ready to shirk their duties. How few 
there are who are getting all the benefit from 
the college course which might be obtained. 
We are ampbj provided here with the things 
necessary for improvement. We have good 
libraries and good cabinets ; all that is need- 
ful is industry on the part of the student. A 
stranger would be surprised to learn how little 
work, outside of what is absolutely necessary, 
is done by the average student. It is a too 
common idea that if we learn our regular les- 
sons so as to meet the requirements of the 
recitation room and pass the ordeal of exam- 
ination, we are doing our whole duty. But 
is this so ? The time usually devoted to 
the lessons is only a portion, and in some cases 
a small portion, of the day. Are we doing 
right to allow the remainder to pass unim- 
proved ? Can we afford to spend four of the 
best years of our lives in so expensive a place 
as college without obtaining the full benefit 
of all its advantages ? We would not by any 
means have it understood by this that we 
consider the time spent in exercise and the 
popular games of college as wasted. Far 
from it. These are of great importance, and 
should have their proper places. But we are 
speaking more particularly of the time which 
is idled away or given to useless amusements. 
Our professed object in coming to college 
is to improve and fit ourselves for the duties 
of life. Ought we not then to take advantage 
of every opportunity offered ? Although we 
may not be so successful as some, is it not 
praiseworthy in us to do our best ? And we 
may rest assured that every well-directed 
effort will, in the end, be rewarded. 



HOW TO CULTIVATE THE ART OF 
CONVERSATION. 

To be able to converse intelligently on all 
general occasions, and upon whatever subject 
may be proposed, is one of the greatest ac- 



quirements we can attain ; and yet how few 
of us there are who are proficient in this art. 
The majority of us seem to consider that all 
that is necessary for our success and happiness 
in life is to store our heads with the lore of 
books, giving no heed as to whether we can 
communicate this knowledge to our fellow 
men. But of what advantage to us will all 
this learning be, if we have not the power of 
conveying it to others? How often we see 
those of inferior ability surpassing the best 
scholars, simply because of their greater facil- 
ity in expressing themselves. 

This is noticeable even in the recitation 
room, where it frequently happens that a 
student with a very imperfect understanding 
of his lesson, by his greater readiness in tell- 
ing what he does know, will obtain a higher 
rank than another, who knows, perhaps, much 
more about it, but has not the same ease in ex- 
pression. Still more is it noticeable in society. 
Here the man who has cultivated the art of 
conversation, even though he be an inferior 
scholar, if he is possessed of shrewdness, will 
present his ideas in such a manner as to con- 
ceal his ignorance, and show himself in his 
best light; while, on the other hand, superior 
scholars, who have given little attention to 
this art, present only their poorer side, and 
hence are so frequently seen as wall-flowers. 

To be able to converse well, it is neces- 
sary, in the first place, to be possessed of 
good, sound, common sense, and to have the 
ability to express it. And this latter point is 
of especial importance to success. For, al- 
though one may have many and sound ideas, 
yet if he has not the power of expressing 
them in an elegant manner, he will not suc- 
ceed as a conversationist. 

Another requisite is extensive reading. 
This is necessary in order that the mind may 
be kept supplied with ideas. It is necessary, 
not only to read much, but also to digest 
what we read; to thoroughly think it over, 
and make it, as it were, a part of ourselves ; 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



17 



to incorporate it into our minds so thoroughly 
that it may form a part of them, so that in 
talking of it we shall feel perfectly at our 
ease. However much one has read, if he has 
only an imperfect knowledge of it, he is no 
better off than if he had not read so much. 
On the contrary, he may be even worse off, 
for his imperfect knowledge may lead him 
into egregious errors. 

To please in conversation, it is not only 
necessary to talk well, but also to be a good 
listener. If one takes all the conversation to 
himself, his companions soon weary of him. 
He seems to say in action that he considers 
himself superior to them, and so talks for 
their instruction. This does not please. Men 
are naturally vain, and wish it to be consid- 
ered that they know something, even if they 
do not; and in no way can a man be pleased 
better than by being made to think that his 
opinion is of importance. The better way 
would be to allow others to talk all they wish, 
and seem interested in it. This gives them 
the idea that they have pleased you, and they 
feel pleased themselves that they have the 
power to do this. 

Finally, we should be neither too talkative 
nor too silent. If we are too talkative, peo- 
ple will be apt to think that we have too high 
an opinion of ourselves, and their opinion of 
us will be correspondingly lowered. If, on 
the other hand, we preserve silence too much, 
we may be thought to do so through fear of 
exposing our ignorance. In this as in almost 
everything else, the golden mean will gener- 
ally be found the safest. 



PSI UPSILON CONVENTION. 

The 42d annual convention of the Psi 
Upsilon Fraternity was held in the rooms of 
the Kappa Chapter, Bowdoin College, on May 
5th and 6th. Twenty-two delegates were 
present, representing twelve of the fourteen 
chapters. Mr. F. A. Brown of the Lambda 



Chapter, chairman of the Executive Council, 
presided. The following is the list of dele- 
gates : F. T. Hastings, Theta, Union College ; 

E. P. Howe, Beta, Yale College ; Rathbone 
Gardner, Sigma, Brown University ; Moses 
Gay, John B. Stanchfield, Gamma, Amherst 
College ; Wm. S. Forrest, E. C. Carrigan, C. 
W. Whitcomb, Zeta, Dartmouth College ; Geo. 
Sherman, Dubois Smith, Lambda, Columbia 
College ; W. J. Curtis, G. R. Swasey, Alpheus 
Sanford, Kappa, Bowdoin College ; E. B. 
Cobb, Psi, Hamilton College ; _A. S. Under- 
bill, G. S. Coleman, Xi, Wesleyan University ; 

F. W. Young, Upsilon, University of Roches- 
ter; E. H. Ranney, A. G. Higginson, Phi, 
University of Michigan ; R. B. Twiss, Omega, 
University of Chicago. 

A petition for a chapter at Syracuse was 
granted ; all others were refused. The Exec- 
utive Council will be the same as last year, 
except that F. P. Dow, Bowdoin, '72, was 
elected in place of J. S. Signor. 

The convention and members of the 
Kappa Chapter were photographed in front 
of Medical Hall, directly after adjourment ; 
they then took the 5.30 p.m. train for Port- 
land, where they partook of their annual sup- 
per at the Falmouth. Hon. W. D. Northend 
of Salem, presided, and Geo. E. B. Jackson, 
Esq., of Portland, acted as toast-master. The 
following toasts were given and responded to: 
" Our Brotherhood," " The Executive Coun- 
cil " ; then followed a toast for each chapter, 
" The Legal Profession," " The Medical Men 
of our Fraternity," " Our Clergy," " The 
Press," and " The Ladies." 

The 43d annual convention will be held 
with the Psi Chapter, Hamilton College, Clin- 
ton, N. Y. 

The Juniors have decided to plant their 
ivy on the 28th of May. The exercises of 
Ivy Day will probably consist of an address, 
poem, and ode. All the arrangements have 
not as yet been completed. 



18 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE TEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 

Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libbt, 

C. T. Ha wes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Kowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 2.— Mat 12, 1875. 

College Education 13 

Genius vs. Industry 15 

How to Cultivate the Art of Conversation 16 

Psi Upsilon Convention 17 

Editorial Notes 18 

The Spelling Match 19 

Local 20 

Alumni Notes 21 

Editors' Table 22 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



In view of the proposed change of Com- 
mencement Day exercises here, we were 
struck with the account given by the Chron- 
icle of the action of the faculty of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. The Seniors, as we 
understand it, handed in a petition for the 
abolition of Commencement parts by the stu- 
dents. The Faculty are willing to grant the 
petition, but feared that public sentiment 
would not uphold the change. They there- 
fore compromised the matter " in the follow- 
ing novel manner : Each member of the Fac- 
ulty made out a list of thirty members of 



the class whom he considered suitable for the 
appointments, — the general scholarship and 
ability of the student to present a creditable 
appearance on the stage being the standards 
of judgment. From all the names handed in 
by the different professors and assistants, the 
twenty having the highest number of votes 
were then selected, and from this twenty there 
were chosen by lot ten to represent the class 
on Commencement day." 

Strange to say, the students are not suited 
yet ; they grumble about " the decrees of the 
Facult3*'s helmet," as if shaking up names in 
a hat were not the fairest way of selecting 
those best fitted for college honors. 

We are glad that the new order of things 
here, if report may be trusted, is one which 
can hardly fail of being much more satisfac- 
tory to both Faculty and students. The 
parts, it is said, are to be assigned as usual, 
that they may serve as now to indicate the 
rank ; but only the first ten men will be 
called upon to deliver their productions. 

While many will doubtless at first be dis- 
appointed in not speaking themselves, or in 
not hearing some friend, the general result 
will undoubtedly be a desirable improvement 
in the Commencement exercises. 



May Day was ushered in with the pomp 
befitting so festive an occasion. From the 
mysterious shades of McKeen woods issued 
a fantastic crew, which might have been a not 
unworthy retinue to the " Lord of Misrule." 
Strange figures in scarlet, white, or motley, 
came trooping along, preceded by the proud 
strains of the Brunswick Band, re-enforced 
by a few of the students. Closely following 
came "Gentle May'' as a negro damsel, 
"black but comely," from beneath whose 
gaily colored robes peeped a very masculine 
looking pair of boots. 

Want of space forbids us to mention more 
than a very few of the groups in this unique 
procession. 



BOWBOIN ORIENT. 



19 



We were particularly touched by the sight 
of a bony horse, which continually stretched 
after a bunch of hay fastened just be3 r ond 
reach before him, the bundle bearing the 
legend, " Thou art so near, and yet so far ! " 

From one carriage window leered an im- 
mense pair of eye-glasses, which the owner 
could not possibly have needed as much as a 
fat lady who rode in solitary state in a tub ; 
for the shafts of the latter novel equipage 
were so long that the horse could hardly have 
been visible to her naked eye. 

In another carriage two colored gentle- 
men lolled at their ease while a white coach- 
man held the reins. " Civil Rights " was on 
the placard. 

We would speak of the Indians, the ne- 
gro minstrels, the enormous scissors labeled 
" Brunswick Telegraph," the clowns, the 
nondescript figures of unheard-of shapes ; but 
we forbear. 

We must add that after parading the prin- 
cipal streets, the procession halted at the foot 
of the Mall to listen to the reading of a poem 
and an address. We stood, the dust settling 
over us like a benediction, and pensively 
gazed at a party who, in open defiance of the 
inscription, " We have signed the pledge," 
which was conspicuously displayed upon their 
ox-cart, were making merry with jug and 
bottle. As we were thinking how national 
character will make itself felt even in this 
most un-American of celebrations, a voice 
behind us said mildly but firmly : — " Wall, I 
cal'late I wouldn't giv' them steers fur the 
whole durned lot." We returned home feel- 
ing sure that there was a moral somewhere, 
though we were wholly unable to discover 
what it miiiht be. 



THE SPELLING MATCH. 
City Hall was well filled last Friday night 
to witness the match between twenty -five 
collegians and the same number of young 



ladies from the Portland High .School. Ru- 
mor whispered strange reports of the study- 
ing done by the young ladies. One had 
committed to memory we don't know how 
many hundred words, and another had come 
off victorious from three or four matches ; 
however, the boys were determined to carry 
off three-fifths of the proceeds. At eight 
o'clock the contestants took their places, and 
Geo. E. B. Jackson, Esq., in the usual form, 
requested the audience to become quiet for a 
spell. Instructor Robinson and Tutor Chan- 
dler acted as judges for Bowdoin, and Messrs. 
Patten and Chase of the High School for the 
young ladies. Mr. S. T. Pullen began by 
giving out the easy words ; after the first 
round came the harder ones, which for some 
time were tossed off with no effort ; but soon 
a young lady establishes her right to the bou- 
quet, and a minute or two afterward Sabin 
gains the primer. The words flew fast from 
one side to the other, doing damage here and 
there ; and at the end of twenty-five minutes 
six young ladies and five collegians left the 
stage. Now the survivors settled themselves 
to work ; words of four, five, and six syllables, 
flew from their lips; words with an e and words 
without; words with one I and words with 
two. " Demijon " and " teetotaller " enjoyed 
each other's company, the millenium came to 
one, and another showed his ignorance of a 
" stancheon." A young lady's " remeniscence " 
of her spelling book was not clear, and pro- 
pinquity was too much for another ; a third 
put one s in embarrassment, and abscess, 
which had already sent a collegian to the 
floor, now proved too much for one of the 
other side. The contest was close ; one side 
was never more than three ahead of the other. 
The partisans of the High School applauded 
strongly the successful efforts of the young 
ladies and the errors of the students. Once, 
when Felch, through mistake, started to leave 
the stage, they applauded loudly ; but, when 
he again took his seat, an answering applause 



20 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



warned ttiem not to be in so much haste. Fi- 
nally only one remained on each side, and the 
struggle was spirited ; but Felch won the set 
of Dickens's works, and Miss Devoll the Dic- 
tionary. After singing, " It's a way we have 
at Old Bowdoin " and " Good night, ladies," 
in the hall, the boys assembled on the sidewalk 
and marched with song through the streets, 
making several stops. One hospitable citizen 
invited them into his house and offered refresh- 
ments, to which kindness they responded with 
more singing. The general verdict is that we 
had a jolly good time. 



LOCAL. 

"My first." 

" I'll give you thirty-one." 

" Smalts onley 1 cent a pond," is the way 
a sign reads down town. 

Payson, '76, has taken the place of Pratt, 
'76, on the University crew. 

The Seniors think of having one of the 
empty panels in the chapel filled at their 
expense. 

The singing in the Chapel Sunday even- 
ings adds an agreeable feature to the regular 
exercises. 

Repartee by R. "Has Prof. got 

through with yon yet ? " " He has got 
through most of us." 

A principle lately discovered in physics or 
chemistry is that — nothing is spontaneous 
but — stupidity. Next ! 

Where is the band this term ? No symbols 
of their existence anywhere appear. Cornet 
be that they have disbanded ? 

Appleton and Winthrop Halls each boast 
a first-class photographer. Likenesses can be 
obtained at any times, and under the most 
unfavorable conditions. Call and see them. 



Copies of the Orient exchanges will be 
found in the College Reading Room. 

The Camilla Urso concert here was well 
attended, and was highly enjoyed by those 
present. Fessenden was, as usual, warmly 
received ; Miss Doria was endurable ; Rudolph- 
sen not more than commonly clownish ; while 
Madame Urso made up for all deficiencies by 
the rare skill and sweetness of her playing. 

Could not the boat -crew be awakened 
in the morning without the disturbance of 
the whole college ? Every one knows how 
demoralizing to a man's general good nature 
it is to be troubled in his morning nap ; and 
it hardly seems necessary that we should all 
be awakened for the sake of saving somebody 
the trouble of climbing a flight of stairs. 

In order to vary the monotony of their 
many adjourns, the Seniors, some time since, 
introduced the light athletic sport, called 
" pitching coppers." Many a one, before 
virtuous, has been allured from the path of 
duty by the fascinations of this simple, yet 
instructive amusement. Knowledge hitherto 
useless is now of practical benefit. The 
Senior, as he gravely weighs the nickel, tries 
to conjure up the principles of political econ- 
omy which have so long laid dormant in his 
mind, and figures on the doctrine of chances, 
what he will lose or win. The easy Junior, 
applying the equations of force and velocity, 
plants a cent within an inch of the stake, and 
quietly resumes his pipe. The reckless Soph- 
omore whirls his penny in a parabolic curve 
and proves to the Freshman with unanswer- 
able logic that he has won, though to an out- 
sider the contrary would seem to be the case. 
The Freshman in his excitement is calmed 
down to a sense of his position and duties as 
by his knowledge of geometrical formulas he 
ascertains the true positions of the coins. 
Combining instruction, amusement, and mus- 
cular exercise, it supplies a want long felt in 
the college curriculum. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



21 



The games of chess which Black and 
Whitmore, '75, are playing in behalf of the 
Bowdoin Chess Club with Dartmouth and 
Kingston, are reported to be in a very favor- 
able condition. 

At a meeting of the Bowdoin Base-Ball 
Association, F. C. Payson tendered his resig- 
nation as Captain of the College Nine. His 
resignation was accepted and A. Sanford 
elected to the vacant position. 

After great trouble, we have obtained one 
of the criterions of the " uproarious, glorious, 
Daniel Pratt," which he permits us to pub- 
lish :— 

NEXT CENTUEY OF AMERICA. 

The Centennial, July 4th, 1876, will be one hun- 
dred years since the AmericaD Independence, July 
4th, 1776. What have we but a dark and stormy 
future if we go on at the same ratio for the next 
century as we have the last century ? I am in pos- 
session of hundreds of remedies that will, when 
published, be worth hundreds of billions of dollars, 
for the grievances and temporal judgments of Amer- 
ica the next hundred years. There is a great work 
for all professional men in America. 3000 diseases, 
3000 violations of the physical laws, and 3000 dis- 
cords of organization. Harmony of faith and works 
is the value of all subjects and objects in the world. 
(Signed), Daniel Pratt, 

The Great American Traveler. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

'42. — E. A. Chadwick, Judge of the 
Municipal Court of Gardiner, died April 
20th, after a long sickness. His remains were 
entombed with Masonic honors. Judge Chad- 
wick was born in Frankfort, in 1817, and 
began the practice of law in Pittston, in 1844. 
Class of 1848. 

John Dinsmore, Clergyman, is pastor of the 
Congregational church at Winslow, Me. 

Henry E. Eastman, Merchant, resides in 
Deny, N. H. 



Geo. A. Fairfield has been on the U. S. 
Coast Survey ever since his graduation. Post 
office address, Waltham, Mass. 

David Fales, Commercial business, No. 14 
South street, New York. 

Charles S. D. Fessenden, Physician, has 
charge of the U. S. Marine Hospital, Portland, 
Maine. 

Frederick Fox, Lawyer, Portland, Me. 

Dexter A. Hawkins, Lawyer, No. 10 Wall 
street, New York. 

Simon J. Humphrejs Clergyman, is Dis- 
trict Secretary of the A. B. C. F. M., No. 84 
Washington street, Chicago. 

Samuel F. Humphrey, Law3 r er, Bangor, 
Me., has been U. S. National Bank Examiner 
for State of Maine. 

Chas. F. Merrick, Cotton Factor, Natchez, 
Miss. 

Edw. W. Morton, Homoeopathic Physician, 
Kennebunk, Me. 

G. S. Newcomb, Farmer, Westboro', Mass. 

Chas. A. Packard, Physician, Bath, Me. 

Wm. C. Pond, Clergyman, San Francisco, 
Cal. 

Thos. H. Rich, Professor of Hebrew, Bates 
College, Lewiston, Me. 

J. B. Sewall, Professor of Greek, Bow- 
doin College, Brunswick, Me. 

E. C. Smyth, Professor of History, Theo- 
logical Seminary, Andover, Mass. 

Oliver Stevens, Lawyer, Boston, Mass., 
County Attorney, Suffolk Co. 

R. H. Tibbitts, PIrysician, Rosario, State 
of Sinaloa, Mexico. 

Chas. A. Washburn, Lawyer, Oakland, 
Cal. Several years U. S. Minister to Paraguay. 

'54. — J. Emerson Smith has published a 
novel entitled, " Oakrklge." For a review of 
the book, see The Literary World for April 
1st. 

'72. — G. M. Seiders, Sub-Master in the 
Waltham (Mass.) High School, has been in- 
vited to a position in the Episcopal Academy 
of Conn., at a salary of §1800. 



22 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



EXCHANGES. 

We find the following in the Cornell Era : " Prof. 
Wilder returned from Brunswick, Me., a short time 
ago, where he has heen fulfilling his duties as non- 
resident professor of physiology at Bowdoin College. 
He lectured hefore the Senior class, the course heing 
the same in substance as the one he delivers here 
every year to the Freshmen." We are duly im- 
pressed with the erudition of Cornell Freshmen, as 
compared with the Seniors of Bowdoin ; and the 
item is so prettily worded that it is with the utmost 
reluctance we find ourselves compelled to state that 
it is entirely—; false is an unpleasant word, let us say 
erroneous. Prof. Wilder's lectures here were con- 
fined entirely to the Medical School ; and the Seniors 
were not included in his class. Let the Era be a 
trifle more careful, lest it lay itself open to the 
charge either of inexcusable ignorance or of willful 
misrepresentation. 

The Yale Record has found a poet, or at least a 
poem. This latest offering to the muse who may be 
supposed to preside over exercises in prosody at 
Yale is entitled " The Triad." It begins by pro- 
pounding the startling inquiry — "A vision of the 
year's rich prime?" which, as a conundrum, we 
are compelled to confess, we must give up ; espe- 
cially as the conclusion of the stanza affords no clue. 

" Three, most unlike, but with some trace 
And impress of the same sweet race — 
"Which was the fairest of the Three ? " 

We humbly beg leave to suggest that it is taking 
an unfair advantage to give another connundrum 
before we have found an answer to the first. Be- 
sides, we should like to know to what " sweet race " 
this mysterious triad belongs. The poet continues : — 
" More shadowy than a dream of wight — " 

Is " dream of wight" a euphuism for nightmare ? 

" The firstborn stole upon my sight 
With dew-damp tresses low." 

We are not prepared to hazard even a guess at 
what is meant by " tresses low." 

Following this unsubstantial creature : — 

" The second born, alone and fair, 
Then came in breathless state ; 

Upon her cheek and in her air 
All sunny beauty sat : 

The masses of her golden hair 

Hung with their own warm weight." 

"State— sat." Was it having her hair hung 

with its " own warm weight " which reduced her to 

the " breathless state" t Then— 



"Behold! with dark, uplifted eye 
And slow unconscious pace — 

^ The youngest and the last draws nigh 
And breathes upon my face. 
The hours whirl round — " 

and the poet's brain evidently, for he touchingly 

ends in a manner worthy of the beginning : — 

" Day shuts us up to sense — thy touch 
Unlocks our prison bars ! " 

In case the latter event should ever happen, will the 

Record kindly publish a key to the poem ? 

The Targum explains that it is the imperative 

need of a new boat-house which forces Rutgers to 

be without representatives at Saratoga this year. 

BOOKS EECEIVED. 

English Statesmen. By T. W. Higginson. New 

York : . G. P. Putnam's Sons. 

This is the first of a uniform series called " Brief 
Biographies," of which other volumes are to appear 
shortly. The name of T. W. Higginson as editor is 
a strong recommendation, and the present volume 
also bears his name upon the title page. The book 
is designed, to quote from the preface, to be one 
" through which an American can make the needful 
preliminary acquaintance with English statesmen, 
by way of preparation for attending or reading the 
Parliamentary debates." " It is easy enough," Mr. 
Higginson justly says, " to find books which portray 
these men, . . . but they are all written by 
Englishmen for Englishmen, . . . and they all 
admit or take for granted a great deal that an 
American wishes to know. In this volume the 
attempt has been made to condense several of these 
books into one, ... in the hope of producing 
something which . . . may at least be more 
useful to Americans through its arrangement." 
The result is a neat little book, which is compact, 
comprehensive for its size, and in every way 
admirably adapted to supply the want which it 
was designed to meet. 

How to Make a Living. By Geo. Cary Eggleston. 

Putnam's Handy-Book Series. 

Not the least merit of this book is, the author 
says what he means without finical circumlocution. 
The work is practical, and full of sound common 
sense. 

School Festival Songs. Dayton, Ohio : J. 

Fischer & Bro. 

Nearly all these songs are by German authors, 
conspicuous among whom is Abt. The collection is 
not a large one, but the selections are good. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 26, 1875. 



No. 3. 



ODE TO BACCHUS. 

Antigone, 1115-1155. 

Bacchus, many-named, 
The son of Zeus far- famed, 
"Who rulest in thy might 
O'er Italy most bright, 
And boldest with thy band 
The Eleusinian land, 
And through its vales dost roam ; 
Who makest Thebes thy homo, 
The mother seat supreme, 
Near to the rippling stream 
"Where, on the open heath, 
"Were sowed the dragon's teeth ! 
The fiery smoke arising — 
The cloven hill disguising, 
But not the lofty mountain — 
And the Castaliau fountain 
Beheld thee at thy birth; 
When dancing in their mirth 
The Corybantes sung 
And loud thy praises rung. 
The banks with ivy clad 
And vines that make men glad 
Escort thee with thy throng; 
And an immortal song 
Doth loud thy praise prolong, 
The guardian of Thebes' streets ; 
Aud she thy praise repeats; 
From her sad notes ascend, 
Mourning thy mother's end, 
And now disease impure 
The city doth endure. 
Come, o'er Parnassian hills, 
Or by the murmuring rills, 
And cure us of pur ills I 
Thou guid'st the stars' careers, 
And music of the spheres 
First had its life from thee. 
O Bacchus, let us see 
Thy beaming countenance 



With ivy crown advance 

To cure us of our woes, 

And with thee rows on rows 

Of Naxian women fair, 

With vine leaves in their hair, 

"Who dance the whole night through 

And still their praise renew 

For thee their leader true! 



Q. C. 



SHALL WE TEACH OR BORROW ? 

At present, when students are beginning 
to seek schools for next j r ear, a few words on 
this subject may not be out of place. In 
almost every Eastern college the number 
of students is large who have to decide the 
question of teaching during a part of their 
course or hiring monej' : of mortgaging their 
labor after graduation, or of losing a part of 
that instruction for which the}* are striving to 
pay. It is of no use to discuss the value of a 
college education, as well to those looking 
forward to a mercantile life as to others pro- 
posing to study for a profession ; that is suffi- 
ciently proved by the great number of insti- 
tutions claiming the name of college. But if 
the reader will consider the design of the 
course, such as we conceive it to be, and we 
can imagine no other, wo think that he will 
agree at least in theory. 

The College curriculum is arranged so that 
the student may obtain the most discipline 
and the best foundation for future study, and 
obtain it to the best advantage. Every study 
has its appropriate place in the whole course, 
and every one, or every part of one lost, 
detracts so much from the value of the whole. 
The student consoles himself with the idea 
thai he can make up those studies ami under- 



26 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



stand them about as well as if he were pres- 
ent, but in the majority of cases he will be 
mistaken. The method of instruction, espe- 
cially in the studies of the last two years, is 
such as to render this for the most part impossi- 
ble. The experience of the instructor teaches 
him that there are many things which increase 
the interest and profit in a study, although 
not mentioned in the text-book. These, if he 
is earnest in his work, he presents in lect- 
ures and explanations. A student, in making 
up a subject, would lose all this, beside the 
drill afforded by the recitation. 

Perhaps some one will say, " At least I 
can get the benefit of some of the earlier 
studies of the course, Latin, Greek, and per- 
haps Mathematics." Very likely you can, 
but do you. You come back from your school 
in the middle of the term ; here are the reg- 
ular studies which will .be the more difficult, 
since you can not begin with the first page ; 
those omitted lessons act as a dead weight to 
hold you back, and you immediately go to work 
to get rid of it; by diligent studying and 
cramming you manage to pass an examination 
and are made up. No interest has been taken 
in the subject ; it is finished with a feeling of 
relief, and forgotten in a very short time. 
This may seem to one who has never taught, a 
mere fancy, but let him ask some classmate, 
even if he be an excellent scholar in Latin and 
Greek, how well he appreciated the authors 
so studied. 

A few words now as to the alternative. 
Those men who come to college with insuffi- 
cient means are not in the habit of relying on 
others ; they are self-reliant, energetic, and the 
very fact that they have their own way to 
make in life, enhances the value of their four 
years in College. These are the men who are 
likely to obtain good positions after gradua- 
tion ; and is it not better for them to repay a 
portion of the money, spent in obtaining an 
education, with the proceeds of their labor, 
than to experience to their disadvantage the 



results of teaching during a part of the course ? 
We think that the former alternative is cer- 
tainly the better. But some, while perhaps 
agreeing in theory, would fail to follow up 
that theory in practice. 

Autumn is a pleasant season of the year 
in which to teach ; the student generally has a 
good time and the year passes more quickly. 
Moreover, a young man exceedingly dislikes 
to be under an obligation to anybody, and by 
teaching he relies on himself ; hence we shall 
not be surprised if full as large a number 
teach during the coming Autumn as heretofore, 
and we are not sure but that we should do the 



CHARLES DICKENS. 

It is often the case that literary reputations 
suddenly gained are as suddenly lost. The 
favorite of one age, whose words are on the 
lips of all men, is either wholly ignored or 
treated with scornful indifference by the next. 
Literary history records an ever-moving pro- 
cession of authors, one reputation following 
another as star follows star across the sky. 
Especially is this true in novelistic literature. 
The public expects fresh batches of stories 
daily, as naturally as hot rolls for breakfast. 
Thousands of novels are cast, each year, into 
the whirlpools of literature, swim famously 
for a time, but soon disappear, only single 
ones being left from hundreds. The only 
exception to this law of ephemeral popularity 
is in favor of those writings that become 
classic, the work of men who write because 
they must, who throw themselves into the 
broad current of human sympathies, uttering 
their thoughts in the language of the people, 
language not formed by any study of models, 
but coming warm from the lips of men influ- 
enced by the passions of common life. These 
are the men who send their influence far 
beyond the boundaries of nation or age ; 
while they who write in the cant of sects or 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



27 



castes, who reflect only the mannerisms of an 
age, and pander to the tastes and prejudices 
of cliques, do not outlive the time and class 
for which they write. No better example of 
the first class of writers can be found than 
Charles Dickens. From the time when the 
well-known sketches of London life, published 
over the nom deplume of "Boz," were received 
by the reading public with favor, heightened 
by curiosity as to whom their authorship 
might be credited, he was cheered with 
popularity while he lived, and now that he is 
dead, is honored by an enduring fame. 

There is reason for this. In general a man 
is honored in so far as his work is for the 
interest of humanity ; and who can estimate the 
good effected by r the writings of Dickens ? One 
marked characteristic of his works is that 
they are all written with a definite purpose. 
He did not make men of straw to tear down. 
Realizing that the world had done with 
imaginary evils and false sentiment, he aimed 
his shafts at existing abuses. Nicholas Nick- 
elby was a startling exposition of the brutali- 
ties practiced in certain schools. Oliver Twist 
is a weighty argument against the parish system 
of pauper maintenance, and contains not a 
few pertinent suggestions to officials under 
that system ; while the opponent of capital 
punishment finds in Barnaby Rudge an argu- 
ment after his own heart. And even the 
Pickwick Papers contain, between the almost 
inexhaustible treasures of fun that is their 
characteristic, a subtle sarcasm directed against 
certain objectionable features of society. 

The characters of Dickens are alone 
sufficient to render him famous. They are 
real persons and not merely the mouth-pieces 
of warring opinions. Although we may 
never have seen any people just like them, 
there is an instinctive feeling that they must 
exist somewhere and arc not fantastic creations 
of the author's brain ; and this, too, notwith- 
standing the fact that they are in many cases 
only outlines of characters that we fill up to 



suit our own ideas. He was ever on the look- 
out for the absurd and unusual. The mental 
processes and quaint modes of speech, some- 
times full of clear-cut, sentient phrases and 
sometimes ludicrously blundering, of the peo- 
ple whom he met, were stored up in his 
memory, unconsciously it maybe, to be brought 
forth whenever the exigencies of the story 
demanded. Although he delights in sketch- 
ing the exceptionally good and the excep- 
tionally bad, he never reaches an impossible 
extreme. His worst characters have some 
redeeming traits, and his best are not too 
good to be human. 

Although the humor of Dickens is so 
abundant that many people never regard him 
as a writer of more serious aspect, his genius 
can as readily move to tears as laughter. 
There is in his works an undercurrent of 
tragedy ; and no less than his mirthful writings 
is this spirit of pathos acceptable to us, for 
all men are born to sorrow and with a sense 
of pity for the sorrows of others. It matters 
not that the misfortunes are of people entirely 
removed from our sphere of action ; they are 
not beyond our sympathy ; space and time 
can not annihilate compassion. The wail of 
David over the untimely death of his son, 
and the almost unspeakable agony of Caesar 
when he saw his friend in the murderous 
throng about him, come to us with as mourn- 
ful a tone as they came to those who heard 
them first. And in the same way and for the 
same reasons the pathetic passages of our 
author are even more powerful and chaw us 
nearer to him than his lighter words. 

The popularity of Dickens is almost un- 
paralleled. In general the minds of men are 
strung to different keys, and require different 
touches to make them give back an answering 
chord. One writer finds appreciation among 
the rude and unlearned ; another among the 
cultured and refined. But tin' sympathies of 
Dickens are well nigh universal. They range 

[CONCLUDBD IN XKXT NI'MBKR.] 



28 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE "WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 

Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hates; J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Kowe. 

Terms — $2. 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 3.— May 26, 1875. 

Ode to Bacchus 25 

Shall we Teach or Borrow? 25 

Charles Dickens r 26 

Editorial Notes 28 

Local 30 

On a Pair of Pants 32 

Alumni Notes 33 

College Notes 34 

Editors' Table 34 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



Secretaries or others who wish to secure 
rooms in the college buildings as head-quar- 
ters for their respective classes at Commence- 
ment, can do so by applying to the editors of 
the Orient. It is desirable that this be done 
as early as possible, in order that the list of 
rooms may be published before Commence- 
ment week. Friends connected with the 
press will confer a favor by extending this 
notice. 



After snow-balling came pitching coppers, 
and after pitching coppers has come foot-ball. 



Not only do the students and the town boys 
devote their energies to the manly game, but 
even the staid Medics have been detected in 
the secret purchase of^ an inexpensive ball. 
The students have done some pretty tall 
kicking, but it all seems trifling when one 
reads the following from the Wittenberger : — 

" Here is a featy reminiscence. It is related for 
a fact that a certain Professor of Wittenberg, while 
playing with the boys, kicked a foot-ball over the 
college building, which is five stories high. If any 
college in the land can beat that kick let it lift up 
its voice and cry aloud." 

Either the five stories were pretty low, or 
this story is pretty tall. 



The Telegraph has spoken, as promptly 
and as accurately as usual. It says : — 

" The class of 1844, of Bowdoin College, will have 
a reunion and class dinner during Commencement 
week, early in July, at the Falmouth Hotel, Port- 
land. This class is the only one that annually has a 
reunion and dinner." 

Of course nobody expects the Tele- 
graph to be correct in anything. We have 
become perfectly accustomed to its mistakes, 
and take no particular thought when Smith 
is changed into Montmorency, Jones into 
Washington ; a date varied a few months ; or 
some such trifling error committed. This 
time, however, the mistake needs correction. 
We can not say how many of the classes hold 
annual reunions, but the members of the class 
of '66, at least, have clone so ever since their 
Freshman year, '62, and it is very probable 
that there are others. 



It is proposed to issue, sometime in the 
present term, in pamphlet form, a collection 
of songs of, and for, Bowdoin. The need of 
such a book has long been felt. The collection 
of Bowdoin songs in the old Carmina is 
miserably meagre, and the new Carmina is 
still a thing of the indefinite future. 

Considerable difficulty has been experi- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



29 



enced in obtaining copies of the older songs 
of the College. Alumni or others who are 
in possession of such songs, or of new ones 
suitable for this book, can greatly aid the 
work and oblige the compilers by forwarding 
copies to P. O. box 1009, Brunswick. 

In connection with the above, a prize of 
$10 has been offered for a new College song. 
The song must be entirely original ; the music 
either original, or if not, at least not yet ap- 
propriated by another college. The songs are 
to be signed by a fictitious name, verified b} r 
the genuine signature in a sealed envelope. 
The committee reserve the right to publish 
songs not taking the prize, and of rejecting 
all handed in, if none are satisfactory. 

Songs must be forwarded on or before 
June 1, 1875, to " Song Committee," care 
Orient, Box 1088, Brunswick. 



The charge has been repeatedly made of 
late, though with how much justice each must 
determine for himself, that those interested in 
athletic sports are selfishly negligent, or even 
opposed to everything else in the way of 
recreation. 

" The fact is," said a Junior, speaking of 
Ivy Day, " the fact is that the athletic men 
expect us to give in aid of base ball and boat- 
ing, but we can never look to them for help 
in anything else. There are many men in 
College who are not at all interested in 
athletics, but who like to get up dances, class 
times, or literary exercises. They are called 
upon to contribute for sports, but can not get 
help in return when they try to do anything." 

" But," put in Navicus, who happened to 
be standing by, " athletic sports help the rep- 
utation of the College." 

"I've heard that until I'm tired of it," 
returned the Junior somewhat testily. " That 
is supposed to answer all objections. It is 
line enough as far as it goes; but every man 
who is fitting for college is no more an athletic 



man than is every student now here. That is 
only one side of the question." 

"But, the men in training," replied Nav- 
icus, " whether for base ball or boating, can 
hardly be expected to give very much time to 
other things. They are hardly to be blamed 
for thinking they are doing their share." 

" Only a few men are in training," 
answered the other, " and those but a small 
part of the year. I was not speaking of such 
men, though they can at least show an inter- 
est in what we try to do." 

Now, this is, slightly condensed, the report 
of an actual conversation. It is most unfortu- 
nate that such a feeling should arise. There 
is no necessity for the clashing of the different 
interests among the students, but there is need 
of a kindlier tolerance for the preference of 
others. It may be true that the athletic men 
have been somewhat selfish in their claims. 
They have also been active, wide-awake, and 
have represented the feeling of a majority of 
the students. 

On the other hand, the social men, if we 
may use that term for want of a better, are at 
least a very respectable minority ; and, as 
they are so, their wishes are entitled to 
consideration. 



Warm days have come now in good ear- 
nest. There is no longer any need of morning 
fires except to consume the remnant of the 
coal heap. For our part we can hardly un- 
derstand why students will persist in having 
a fire solely for this reason. They seem to be 
mortally afraid of leaving a little to their suc- 
cessor, perhaps for fear of malice. But one 
year we had a little wood bequeathed to us, 
and we do not think we bore the donor any 
ill-will, and we certainly used the wood well. 

Those unsightly heaps of ashes behind the 

halls are fast disappearing, and the diligenl 
laborer has been patiently renovating the Col- 
lege paths. A new one has been laid out from 



30 



BOWD01N ORIENT. 



the north end of Winthrop, under the super- 
intendence of our Professor of Ornamental 
Carpentry. We have not examined it criti- 
cally, but we fully believe the curve is laid 
out on mathematical principles. Did our 
readers, we wonder, ever think how insuffi- 
cient is the aforesaid Prof.'s title to express 
his many duties. We all know how his labors 
press upon him, especially when, in cold 
weather, we want a pane of glass set in the 
bedroom. At one time he is ringing the bell 
for the "Medics," and at the next down by 
the woodsheds. But human endeavors are 
always imperfect, and Ave willingly avoid the 
task of finding a proper title for him. 

Then, there are those little piles of ashes 
scattered along the walk, which, no doubt, the 
traditional "bumming Freshmen" have stum- 
bled over. But who can tell how many staid 
upper-classmen, with boots polished to reflect 
like a mirror, and broadcloth nicely brushed, 
have, while treading the walks some dark 
night, unfortunately measured their lengths 
on the ashes, and have been sorely tempted. 

But while improvement is going on, we 
should like to see some attention paid to the 
trees on the campus. Many of them need 
trimming very much, and some could be well 
dispensed with. There is that tree near 
Maine Hall, with the trunk half rotted away ; 
that bare stub in front of the chapel ; and op- 
posite the South End of Appleton there is an 
elm with the top broken over, which, to our 
own knowledge, has been in that condition for 
almost two years. We are all fond of the 
beauty of our campus and hope that these 
imperfections will be remedied before the 
favorable season has gone. 

The Alpha Delta Phi Convention is to be 
held at Providence, R. I., under the direction 
of the Brunonian Chapter, on June 2d and 3d. 
H. R. Patten, D. A. Sargent, and E. H. Kimball 
have been elected to represent the Bowdoin 
Chapter. 



LOCAL. 

" Base ball." 

" 8.30 p.m. to-night." 

" Have you got the stroke yet? " 

We have " set her back, stranger " about 
four columns this deal. 

We were glad to see one of the old editors, 
Wis well, '73, in town a short time since. 

The Boating Association realized just sev- 
enty dollars net from the Portland spelling 
match. 

Recitation Room. Prof. — "The farmer is 
dependent upon the state of the crop." 
Jun. (aside) — " So is a hen ! " 

A Freshman wants to know if there is not 
some " Eyetalian cockatrice " who can be en- 
engaged to sing at Commencement. 

'76 have adopted dark red and white as 
their class color in the coming race. The 
flag is at present being made in Bangor. 

This is the sentiment now dedicated to the 
Juniors. "Dost thou ~ think because ihouzxt 
virtuous there shall be no more cakes and 
ale."— Shakespeare. 

He beckoned to him with his blistered 
hand, led him out of sight, and hoarsely 
whispered in his ear, " We held the ' 'versity ' 
a pretty good start this morning, and don't 
you fail to remember it." 

It does not look at present as though the 
Class Race would come off before the last of 
June. The Senior and Junior crews have 
been working regularly. The Sophomores 
are just getting used to their new boat ; while 
the Freshmen are doing little or nothing. It 
has not been decided yet how much time 
ought to be given to the two gigs. Eleven 
seconds a mile per man has been claimed, but 
we doubt whether so much time will be 
allowed. 



B01VD0IN ORIENT. 



31 



" How do your sliding seats go ? " 

The betting seems to be all on the Junior 
crew. 

Prof. — " Is this caused by the sun or 
moon ? " Student — " I think it is, sir." 

Dana, formerly of '75, was admitted, on 
the 10th of this month, to the Androscoggin 
bar. 

The Scientific Juniors will probably, some 
time in June, take their annual zoological 
excursion to Harpswell Neck. Wouldn't it 
be a pretty good place to study botany there? 

" Why will you persist in drinking? " said 
an irate Sophomore to his room-mate, on be- 
ing awakened iu the middle of the night to 
find the bootjack. " Beer-beer-cause I want 
to, chummy," was the incorrigible reply. 

A sign at the entrance of a certain store 
on East Genesee street, reads thus : " Cain 
seated chairs made here." We would not 
like to sit in any of those chairs, for fear of 
being branded with the mark. — University 
Herald. 

Why shouldn't Cain seat the chairs made 
there, when he had a brother able to make 
them ? 

At a meeting of the Peucinian Society, 
the following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year: President, J. A. Morrill; Vice 
President, A. T. Parker ; Orator, F. C. Pay- 
son ; Poet, A. Sanford ; Secretary, D. B. Ful- 
ler; Treasurer, O. Brinkerhoff ; 1st Librarian, 
F. V. Wright; 2d Librarian, C. W. Morrill; 
3d Librarian, J. W. Thing. 

It is good exercise and healthy besides, to 
kick foot-ball in the damp evening air, right 
after eating a heart)' supper ; but it is not con- 
ducive to the good looks of the college campus 
to kick foot-ball on the turf out beyond 
Memorial Hall. The Delta, or the ground 
behind the colleges, would he much better 
places, as there the ground is harder and more 
free from trees. 



'77 bears the palm for musical ability. We 
are glad to learn that the Glee Club have 
fixed upon a regular night each week for 
meeting. 

R. R. Baston, G. C. Cressey, E. H. Hall, 
W. H. Holmes, D. A. Sargent, G. R. Swasey, 
have been appointed from the Senior class to 
compete for the '68 prize on Monday evening, 
May 31st. 

The stories of -midnight affrays on the 
banks of the Androscoggin, and wild threats 
of the " bold brakemen," which are floating 
around College, are enough to make one 
think of home and the quiet farm. 

We have heard that the members of Mas- 
ter Humphrey's Clock think of loaning their 
society to the College bell-ringer. It may be 
a good-time keeper, but it would raise the 
dickens if it were used for such a purpose. 

It is now beginning to seem like the spring 
term, and something seems to be going on in 
College. Five boat ci - ews are in training and 
row on the river every clay. The base-ball 
nine practice every afternoon on the Delta. 
There has been a May Day celebration, a soci- 
ety convention, and numerous minstrel con- 
certs in the town. More than all that, there 
is a fair prospect of having an Ivy Day, a 
Burial of Analytics, a Class Day, and, perhaps, 
Freshman Supper. If we only send our crew 
to Saratoga all will be serene. 

Field Day will come upon the 5th of June. 
The following is the programme: 1. Two 
Mile Walk; 2. Throwing Base Ball; ■'>. Two 
Mile Run; 4. Standing Long Jump ; 5. Run- 
ning Long Jump; 6. One Hundred Yard 
Run, best two in three ; 7. Three Standing 
Jumps; 8. Hop, Step, and Jump ; 9. Hurdle 
Race over eight hurdles. .".'. feel high, and 36 
feet apart: 10. Half-mile Walk; 11. Three 
Legged Race; 12. Half-mile Run. All entries 
for Field Day must be made before the 2d of 
.June, to A. T. Parker, No. !'. M. II. 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



A vein of green mica lias been discovered 
on the banks of New Meadows River. It is 
quite a rare mineral, and a number of fine 
specimens have been procured. 

The University crew by all accounts are 
getting along splendidly. They have got the 
knack of the stroke and will soon be ready to 
go from the barge into their shell. The slid- 
ing seats are being made by Blaikie for their 
practice boat, and will be similar to those in 
the new boats. 

We copy from one of the college doors 
what, doubtless, expresses the feelings of 
many under the same circumstances, namely, 
the following: — 

Notice ! 

Occasional visitors warmly welcomed. Habitual 
loungers are requested to keep away. We mean 
business!! 

The Portland papers gave a very good 
account of the spelling match between Bow- 
doin College and the Portland High School ; but 
in our opinion, they showed very poor taste in 
appending society initials to the boy's names. 
They would have avoided some very ludi- 
crous mistakes had they omittted that feature 
in their reports. 

We have heard that the Modocs think of 
challenging some class in College to play them 
a game of foot-ball. We dislike to dig up 
the hatchet after so many moons have passed 
peacefully, but the sachems are ready to 
assemble in council should occasion demand it. 
It would be a good thing for the clinics and 
patent pain-killers. 

The " Wandering Jew " has visited us 
once again on his eternal round. He has 
come with a smile on his face and a vase in 
his hand, with the same wonderful images of 
Parian marble and the same vases of pure 
lava. But alas! he went away sorrowfully, 
and left many a worn garment to gather dust 
for another year. He did not pay cash ! 



The following programme has been adopted 
for Ivy Day, May 28 : — 

Order of Exercises isr the Chapel. 
Singing. 

Prayer J. M. Hill. 

Singing. 

Address W. G. Waitt. 

Singing. 

Poem Arlo Bates. 

Singing. 

At the Ivy. 

Planting of the Ivy. 

Ode A. T. Parker. 

Various presentations of wooden spoon, 
spade, &c. &c, with appropriate remarks, will 
then follow before the final adjourn. 

The prospects of the College nine have 
undergone a decided change within the last 
month or two. The change of pitchers will 
alter, it seems to us, the whole character of 
their game. They will be obliged to pay more 
attention to batting and to their out-field play, 
for they can not expect to keep down the 
score of their opponent as low as if they had 
swifter pitching, and their fielders will have 
plenty to do if they play with slow pitching 
against a club of their own strength. If the 
whole nine will only practice as honestly and 
regularly as four or five of them have, we 
shall have every hope that they will come up 
to the expectations that they have raised, and 
give a little satisfaction to their friends and 
supporters. The positions of the men at pres- 
ent, though subject at any time to change, are 
as follows : Melcher, c. ; Fuller, p. ; Wright, 
ss. ; Sanford, 1 b. and capt. ; Payson, 2 b. ; 
Potter, 3 b. ; Knight, 1. f. ; Waitt, c. f. ; 
Jacobs, r. f. 



ON A PAIR OF PANTS 

BOUGHT AT THE SUGGESTION OF A FRIEND. 

When these pants are gone, — 'od rot 'cm !- 
I '11 procure a copper bottom 

With a pair of leather legs: — 
They shall painted be like tricot, 
And bo dandy whim or freak, oh ! 
Ever more shall make me take them from my peg 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



33 



Then no more I '11 hear the story, 
That, — despisiug fame, and glory, 
And respect of woman fair, — 
I am wandering — such a pity, 
In this God-forsaken city — 
With the seat torn from my pants, my only pair; 

That the cold wind from the wild wood 
Whistles freely where in childhood 

I was chastened by the rod, 
That I, knowing not, nor caring, 
Go my way, and take my airing, 
Disregarding Mrs. Grundy, man, and God. 

W. S. D. 

*7t- 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for Ibis 
department from the Alumni and friends of tbe 
College.] 

MEETING OF THE CHICAGO ALUMNI. 

The second annual dinner of the Bowdoin 
College Alumni Association was held at the 
Grand Pacific Hotel, Chicago, last week, and 
the occasion proved a most enjoyable one. 
Among those present were ex-Gov. J. L. 
Chamberlain, President of the College, '52; 
E. P. Weston, '39 ; Erastus Foote, '43; J. W. 
Porter, '43; the Rev. Arthur Swasey, '44; 
tbe Rev. S. J. Swasey, '48; Superintendent 
J. L. Pickard, '44 ; the Hon. M. W. Fuller, 
'53 ; Edwin Lee Brown, '46 ; J. E. Smith, '54 ; 
A. S. Bradley, '58; Gen. C. H. Howard, '59; 
George N. Jackson, '59; R. G. Farnham, '60; 
the Rev. E. N. Packard, '62 ; A. N. Linscott, 
'62; R. W. Robinson, '63; J. J. Herrick, '60; 
and a number of invited guests. About 
thirty guests sat at the table. In the absence 
•of Judge Drummond, the Hon. E. P. Weston 
presided, as the eldest graduate present. 

Tbe first toast of the evening was "Alma 
Mater — She summoned us to eat of the tree 
(if knowledge before we 'wandered into a 
lower world. ' " 

It was resp led to by Gen. Chamberlain 

in a quiet vein of humor. lie said there was 
no need of a formal response for Bowdoin; 
each of 1 1 ic i ii had responded for her along 



their pathwa} r . The world bad honored, and 
fame proclaimed them, and in so doing had 
reflected honor on her. Bowdoin needed no 
man to stand up and speak for her — her grad- 
uates had done it in every part of this 
country, and even of the world. Like the 
power of England, of which Webster had 
said, " Her morning drum-beat, following the 
sun, and keeping company with the hours, 
circles the earth with one unbroken strain of 
the martial airs of England." So the fame 
and honor of Bowdoin had gone around the 
globe, and with scarcely less intrinsic charac- 
ter. It had been said that the production of 
large numbers of eminent men at any college 
was only an accident, but how strange ap- 
peared the coincidence when Bowdoin's roll 
was inspected. The speaker, however, said 
that he believed in a genius loci, of each col- 
lege, and considered that of Bowdoin to be a 
type of peculiar manliness, characterized by 
tbe absence of anything " sloppy," and for his 
part he would not allow that standard to be 
lowered one inch if he could help it. Pass- 
ing over many other topics with few words, 
the speaker said of the College, that the au- 
thorities had determined to hold fast to that 
which was good, and had therefore restored 
the old course of studies, in which most of 
those present had graduated. The establish- 
ment of a scientific department had enabled 
them to do this. In closing, the speaker 
promised his brother alumni a warm welcome 
when they came to revisit their Alma Mater. 
The only thing she needed was the loyal love 
of her sons, and that he was sure they would 
gratefully give, keeping warm and strong in 
their hearts the name and fame of < >ld 
Bowdoin. — Argus. 



The Great American Traveler has re- 
quested us to slate that he is engaged on 
another greal work. "The Prattville Crite- 
rion." — ••live hundred feei of manuscript." — 
Magenta. 



34 



BOWDOIN OBIENT. 



COLLEGE NOTES. 



Union College has chosen garnet as its 
color. 

Harvard has re-adopted its original color, 
crimson. 

The Yale crew is composed of Cook 
(stroke); Brown ell; Cooke; Fowler, Kellogg ; 
Kennedy. 

The Harvard crew is as follows: W. J. 
Otis (stroke) ; C. W. Wetmore (2) ; W. C. 
Bacon (3) ; W. R. Taylor (4) ; M. James 
(5); E. D. Thayer (bow). 

The Seniors at Williams have voted to 
omit the smoking of the "calumet of peace" 
on their class day. The Atlienceum thinks 
that a further improvement would be to have 
the class history read in private. 

EDLTORS' TABLE. 



when- 



A poem in the Magenta has this very striking 
verse : — 

" But the sun, the great arclibislwp." 

Speaking of poetry, we are delighted with an 

effusion in the Record, entitled " Heaven Bless a 

Girl like Nellie Lee." It tells how 

"■ — all save sbe and Robert Brown 
Had left the long-contested field ;" 

" ' I'll miss, and yield to that poor boy," 
Thought iSTellie in her tender mind. 

" ' Apothecary ' came to her — 

Robert's wild ei/es her heart impressed; 

Should she misspell it ? — and there were 
Conflicting thoughts withiu her breast. 

" But duty in the end prevailed, 
Quelling compassion in the fight; 

Aud iSTellie, who had never failed, 
ISTow spelled the given word aright. 

" Had ISTellie slighted duty's voice, 
And wrongly spelled ' apothecary,' 

Though causing Robert to rejoice, 

She would have lost the dictionary." 

This conclusion is at least a logical one. Did we 
understand the Record to say that " the great Anier- 
can poet was to come from the great West " ? Away 
with such mock modesty ! " Heaven bless a" poet 
like the author of the lines we have quoted, for he 
will hardly receive the benedictions of his follow 
men. 



The Beloii Monthly is fully up to its usual stand- 
ard of dullness. 
The Era says : — 

" Our personal in last week's issue in regard to 
Prof. Wilder's lectures at Bowdoin, did some injust- 
ice to that college, perhaps. The course of lectures 
was delivered before the graduating class of the 
Medical School, but was somewhat more advanced 
than that given here to the Freshman class." 

We shall learn in time which of our exchanges 
must be allowed a chance to modify their state- 
ments. 

We thought the correspondent of the Record not 
particularly courteous in his would-be-witty descrip- 
tion of the visit of the Glee Club to Vassar ; but we 
partly excused him when we read the account giveu 
in the Vassar Miscellany. In speaking of the 
" charming concert in the chapel," the writer says : 
" Had the boxes only been placed at the doors, after 
the manner of the Society of Religious Inquiry, to 
collect money for the heathen, we would have shown 
our appreciation in another way than in applause." 
The Mis. is pleasantly gotten up and well edited ; 
but it is pervaded by an indefinable air of feminin- 
ism, and a general vagueness in matters of punctu- 
ation. 

The editors of the Bates Student are so " wrapt 
in contemplation still and deep " of the " Relativity 
of Knowledge" and kindred subjects, that in the 
April number they have allowed the advertise- 
ments to stray into the body of the magazine ? Are 
they well paid for this ? 

The Niagara Index, in an article headed " Hist ! 
. . . Cats ! " shows how completely the writer has 
been able to misunderstand Dickens's portrayal of 
Carker in " Dombey and Son." 

A student writing in the Nassau Lit., upon 
"College Poetry," concludes that "as a general 
thing the ' lines ' which answer to that name are 
mere sentimental, wishy-washy nothings." Amen ! 
say we, and could quote from the Lit. itself by way 
of illustration. 

The Asbury Review modestly prints an article 
beginning : — 

" No journal of the same size is read with greater 
interest than this unpretentious college paper. Its 
editors are exhibiting great discrimination aud taste 
in selecting themes of practical benefit to their pa- 
trons. . . . Hence all their publications are chaste, 
elegant aud refined." 

It is kind to call attention to the excellence of 
this paper, for otherwise it would hardly be sus- 
pected. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JUNE 9, 1875. 



No. 4. 



IVY DAY POEM. 

Some modern cynic — a class I despise, — 
In attempting to prove himself wonderful wise, 
Declares that when a man begins 
To spread excuses o'er his sins, 
He rather plans to trespass more 
Than sorrows for his faults before. 
Yet I desire to have it known 
That not the class' choice or my own 
Has poet made me. But then who — 
And I appeal, my friends, to you 1 — 
Could steel his heart against the cry, 
" We can find no one else, you '11 have to try!" 
It 's truly flattering to one's pride 
To know that the committee tried 
In vain to find a worthy poet, 
Before they said to him, "You go it!" 
However, I think I 'm the meekest man 
That has ever been seen since Moses began — 
What now is the universal plan — 
That of making a bank, when a lady you 'd win, 
The base of your hope. So I put my head in 
The noose they 'd prepared. I first to the muse 
Sent a postal card straight; for I feared she 'd refuse, 
If I went without warning, to help me at all. 
As I got no reply, I determined to call. 
It isn't my purpose to bore you to-day 
With all the minor details of the way. 

But I got to Parnassus, and there, on a stone 

By " Castalius fons," sat the goddess alone. 

She was washing Jove's linen; and all her back hair 

She had laid on a stone with the nicest of care. 

Her cheeks were unpainted, her buskins unlaced, 

Her boddice and kerchief were both much displaced. 

It may be, indeed, that the best-natured muse 
All comfort and aid would full surely refuse 
To the poet who caught her thus in dishabille; 
And I own for myself that I could not but feel 
That I 'd followed my postal card rather too soon, 
And the moment at least was not quite opportune. 

" I truly hope, madam, I do not intrude," 
I said very humbly, "on your solitude. 



I'd have waited your call, had I not stood in fear 
That you never would summon me thus to appear." 
" Therein you were certainly," said she, " quite right; 
And now, having come, please begone from my sight," 
"Ah, goddess!" I answered, "the glance of your eye 
Would nerve me in combat before you to die; 
But how can I leave you?" 

" The road is the same," 
She answered quite coldly, " as that which you came." 
In spite of this coldness I did not despair 
Of gaining my end if I managed with care : 
So I flattered the muse, and made her confess 
That she only was cross to be seen in such dress. 
Then I quoted, not thinking of anything new, 
A proverb that 's rather more trite thau true, 
About unadorned beauty. And then she grew gay, 
And thought, as I 'd come, on the whole, I might stay. 
I told her my errand. She sadly complained 
That none of her ancient glory remained. 

" Once bards," she said, " in all their song 
Proclaimed my praises loud and long: 
But now each rhymster takes his pay, 
And writes his rhymes in his own way." 
" Ah ! " said I, " in my feeble lays 
I longed to celebrate your praise; 
And hoped my honor to secure 
Invoking Thee." 

" Indeed, I 'm sure," 
She answered, " I of your designs 
Must needs approve. Read me some lines." 
Then I without the more ado 
Eehearsed to her a verse or two. 

TO THE MUSE. 

Muse! sweeter than any from the mouth 
Of eat or kitten, on the dreary drouth 

Of my ideas descend in fertile showers. 
Think, gentle goddess, on the weary hours 

1 've longing sighed thy side to seek 

And press my kisses on thy boundless cheek! 

" Quite nice," she said, " I own you touch 
My heart a little. I 've not much 
To give you. .... 

Here 's indeed a song, 
But it 's neither very sweet nor long." 



38 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Then she took from her pocket a number of things — 

Some hair-pins, a pipe, a parcel of rings, 

And, " last but not least," the following ode, 

Which, were it my own, I would never have showed. 

I beg of the ladies to censure the muse, 

If they to take umbrage should happen to choose. 

THE CLASS COLOR. 

" What shall our color be?" 
The Junior gravely said; 
While a host of dies confusedly flies 
In rainbows through his head. 

" I know not which of three — 
The green, the red, the blue — 
May worthily the emblem be 
Of seventy-six so true." 

But then he chanced to see 
A damsel's blushing cheek: 
" O let it be red ! " the Junior said, 
With joy he could not speak. 

Bed is the lovely rose, 
Its beauty freshly blown ; 
And in the dies of sunset skies 
Our glorious red is shown. 

Eed is the maiden's mouth; 
And thus to all 'tis known, 
That when we sip the maiden's lip 
We only take our own! 

Earnest, and long, and dull was the chat 

I held with the coy, perverse muse after that. 

" This ode to our color ! " I cried in dismay, 

" However delightful it be in its way. 

Is not very appropriate just at this time." 

" Very well," returned she, " you may make your own 

rhyme; 
It is nothing to me." 

" You mistake," I replied ; 
" I am honored indeed that you even decide 
Not to frown on my suit. And I know that beside 
You'll write me a poem, O lovely-haired one!" 
By that single adjective was the thing done. 
The muse pulled a beau -catcher down by her ear, 
Put her hand in her pocket, and answered, "Well, here; 
Take the thing, if you want it!" 

I hastened to say 
My thanks and farewells, as I hurried away; 
And this is the muse's latest gift for to-day: — 



A LEGEND OP THE IVY. 
I. 

Somewhere, in musty books, is read 

The legend of a peerless knight, 

Who, after years of toil, and peril dread, 

Of hard won victory in bitter fight, 

Knelt to receive a tourney's crown; 

And thought to feel upon his brow 

The laurel or the bay; and how 
A wreath of ivy on his forehead brown 
Was placed instead! and when surprise 
At garland as reward of knightly daring new 
Was written plainly in his eager eyes; 
The tournev's queen leaned forward from her place, 
And bending down towards him her perfect face, 
Said earnestly, with words that thrilled him through: 

" Not till the whole of strife is done, 

Not till the whole of life is passed, 
Is the fair garland of the laurel won, 
Man's noblest guerdon ever is his last." 

II. 

Years passed; and in the midst of strife 

The knight fought bravely to the end. 
Then, when he knew that he was done with life, 
He sent to her his truest knightly friend. 

And called the old-time tourney queen. 
"Life — breath," he said, "are ebbing fast away. 
Have I not earned at last the conqueror's bay ?" 
She bent and kissed his brow, her tears between. 
" Not yet," she answered ; " still remaineth death 
Unconquered." " Ah ! the crown 1 " he said ; his smile 
Stilling in endless calm, as fled the fluttering breath. 
"Now hast thou rest at last, ah! truest heart," 
The lady said, " that ever felt the smart 
Of earth's slow torture." Then she mused awhile — 
And yet it can not be," at length she said, 
" That thou wilt idly lurk in nerveless gloom." 
And when they laid away the honored dead, 
She placed not bay — but ivy, on his tomb. 
hi. 

"Because I may not know," she said, 

" That he is done with striving yet. 
It can not be that with the noble dead 
He will the hour of victory forget. 

It well may be that in some isle 
Full far beyond the reach of mortal ken, 
He still remembers all he did for men; 
And I half fancy I can see his smile 
If he should chance to look upon a wreath 
Of ivy : for it still must be the sign 
Of all the foes he trod his feet beneath." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



39 



To us the tale to -clay may mean 
That not the brows that laurel- crowned are seen 

Need be the noblest. Those where twine 
The ivy, symbol of aspirings high, 
May give a promise richer for the needs 
Of life's hard battles, which before us lie, — 
The promise of a life of noble deeds. 



tXrfatiC 



CHARLES DICKENS. 

[CONCLUDED FROM LAST NUMBER.] 

from palace to hovel, from noble to peasant. 
His writings are in the hands of the poor as 
the rich, and both are alike moved by those 
wonderful books that swept away a wall of 
partition, and showed, beneath the England of 
the great, another England of people like 
them in thought and passion and feeling. 

His works were well received because he 
spoke what was necessary to be spoken. His 
message was wanted. Unlike some of the 
great writers of England who poured doses of 
flattery down the throats of the delighted 
people, teaching them that, as Englishmen, 
they were born with instincts of humanity, 
and that in spite of increasing crime and 
social subserviency, they were the best and 
freest people of the world, he was not re- 
strained from deserved censure through fear 
of misapprehension; he saw elements of 
decay beneath the apparent soundness of the 
social fabric, and the power of his genius 
was devoted to their destruction. We some- 
times hear it said that he was an enemy to 
religion, that wherever he introduced a cler- 
gyman or other professedly religious character 
he made him either an object of ridicule or a 
hypocrite. He realized that corruption is 
everywhere to be found, that even clerical 
robes are not always free from its stains, and 
it was his object to expose it wherever seen. 

No religion in Dickens ! Who can read 
of Little Nell and say this? Her whole short 
and stainless life was a living, breathing 
religion. Her courage and brave endurance 
of her mighty sorrows teach higher lessons 



than many sermons. And the beautiful Christ- 
mas Carol, with its wonderful alternations of 
pathos and humor, how forcibly does it plead 
for benevolence and Christian charity ! In the 
book we see the man. There was nothing of 
the prig about him. He was a man whose 
whole nature brightened joyously at the con- 
templation of forms of beauty, who enter- 
tained a genuine relish for social pleasures and 
sprightly conversation, who lived a true life 
and kept the atmosphere about him pure and 
clear by his example ; in a word, an honest, 
true-hearted, noble-minded Englishman. And 
what shall we sa}'of that genius that has given 
us so varied a repertoire of masterpieces, 
ranging from such wide extremes as the trial- 
scene in Pickwick and the death of Little 
Nell ? We may call it versatile, but the word 
is poor and unequal to the duty put upon it. 
Some one has expressed the idea that " Genius 
in its absolute sense is alwa3 r s in the superla- 
tive. There may be differences in kind, but 
never in degree." Whether or not this is 
true as a general statement, I do not attempt 
to say; but it is true of the subject of this 
sketch, and the world will wait long for another 
Dickens. 



" Who will play catcher now ? " is the 
question which every two weeks requires a 
different answer. Perhaps when they find 
one " with muscles of iron and a heart of 
steel " it will be finally settled. At present 
they are taking themselves more hard knocks 
than they give others. The short stop has, 
perhaps, the next hardest position on our 
newly laid out grounds. The old paths ought 
to be filled up, or else a large amount of errors 
will be unjustly charged on his account. Al- 
though there has been more practicing done 
by the nine than by any other since we have 
been in college, yet unless a marked improve- 
ment takes place they will nut get the cham- 
pionship. 



40 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE TEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 



Arlo Bats , 
C. H. Clark, 
C. T. Haws, 



EDITORS. 



E. H. Kimball, 
J. Gr. Libby, 
J. A. Morrill, 



W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son, Brunswick. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 4.— June 9, 1875. 

Ivy Day Poem 37 

Charles Dickens. (Conclusion.) 39 

Editorial Notes 40 

Ivy Day 40 

Bo wdoins vs. Resolutes 41 

Eegatta 42 

Field Day - 43 

Local 44 

Alumni Notes 45 

Editors' Table 46 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 

The most impressive of our College cere- 
monies, the Seniors' last prayers, took place 
Tuesday evening, June 1. Quite a number 
of friends, both ladies and gentlemen, were 
present; and among them several of our 
vounger Alumni who happened to be in town. 

The Junior quartette sang the farewell 
ode ; and the reading of Scripture and the 
prayer of Prof. Packard were peculiarly sol- 
emn. The Senior class, as usual, passed out 
singing " Auld Lang Syne." After leaving 
the chapel, the customary amount of mutual 



cheering was done. In the evening the '77 
Glee Club serenaded '75, singing an original 
ode by W. G. Beale, '77, with a burden : — 

" May God in future ever bless 
The Class of Seventy five ! " 



We are requested to state that the Bow- 
doin Song-Book, alluded to in our last, will 
not be issued until the fall term, on account of 
a delay on the part of the Boston firm which 
was to do the printing. This is much regretted 
by those who have the matter in charge, but 
they will strive to compensate for the delay 
by the increased value of the collection, which 
the extension of time will, they hope, insure. 



IVY DAY. 

There are several customs at Bowdoin 
which directly tend to closely unite the mem- 
bers of the classes with each other and with 
the College. Among these we think that Ivy 
Day has permanently assumed a place. The 
Junior class have every reason to congratulate 
themselves for the beautiful day and the ex- 
cellent arrangements of the committee. At 
a quarter before four o'clock, Friday after- 
noon, the class assembled in the South Wing 
and marched to the chapel, occupying the 
Senior seats. The following is a programme 
of the chapel exercises : — 

Music. 

Prayer J. M. Hill. 

Oration W. G. Waitt. 

Music. 
Poem Arlo Bates. 

Music. 

The class quartette, consisting of Bates, 
Burnham, Hall, and Hill, furnished excellent 
music ; the concluding piece, " Nos Beata," 
was one which Bowdoin claims as its own ; it 
is proposed to publish it in the new Carmina. 

Waitt gave an interesting sketch of the 
wants of the past year, a brief history of the 
custom of planting the ivy, and in conclusion 
alluded to the fitness of every class placing 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



41 



beside our chapel a plant which shall remain 
as a memorial of it after it has left " Old 
Bowdoin's halls. 

The poem is by request published in the 
opening pages of the present number of the 
Orient. 

After the poem the class proceeded to the 
north side of the chapel, and there each 
member deposited a trowelful of earth around 
the plant, and a bottle containing an invita- 
tion, programme, and the last number of the 
Orient was placed at its root. The Ivy 
Ode, written by A. T. Parker, was then sung 
to the tune of " Dearest Mae " : — 

The tie which binds us, frbnd to friend, 

To class and college deir, 
'Tis to renew the golden chain 

We plant our ivy here. 
The emblem of our love and hope, 

Our trust and honor, too — 
The emblem of onr loyal hearts, 

To Alma Mater true. 

None knoweth how, from seeming death, 

The spriuging budlets swell, 
Nor how the hand of friendship grows 

Can sage or poet tell ; 
And yet iii every heart to-day 

The power of love is known, 
"We feel the hope of every heart 

By that which swells our own. 

The years may scatter us afar, 

Tet toward the upper air 
Our lives shall struggle, like the vine, 

To seek perfection there. 
We leave behind us, when we go 

To scenes so far and new, 
A friend to speak in tones of love 

To keep our memory true. 

After the ivy had been committed to the 
care of A. T. Parker, the class sung " The 
Class Color." The closing exercises of the 
day were the presentations. The first was a 
spade for the " Dig " of the class ; the Presi- 
dent, Bates, called upon Clark and presented 
to him in the name of the class the token of 
their "recognition and appreciation of his 
rooted faith that the beginnings of language 
are below the surface," expressing the wish 
that when he should honor us by using it, it 
might be instrumental in obtaining for him a 
" ten-strike." The recipient pleasantly re- 
sponded, speaking of the dignity of labor, 
and of his pride in being chosen as the 



" Dig " of '76. He was not ashamed to 
arrive by study at the same rjoint which some 
attained by other means. 

In a speech which would excessively try 
the powers of reporters, the President present- 
ed a pony to Gordon as the class " Hossist." 
We have an idea that the latter gentleman 
was somewhat disturbed by the thought of 
the " primordial evolution of harmony out of 
chaotic disorder," as doubtless he had been 
before by striving after the " means of acquir- 
ing increased rapidit} r of transition." 

To encourage him in his struggle, the class 
presented to Stevens the mustache cup, 
claiming the right, however, of seeing his 
mustache before graduation. To Alden, as 
the handsomest man, was presented a mirror ; 
and the jack-knife, for the homeliest man, was 
voted to Evans. The last presentation was 
the wooden spoon to the most popular man, 
and the xhoice of the class gave this honor to 
Sanford. In his acknowledgment he said 
that it had always been his aim to advance 
the interests of '76, placing them second only 
to those of the College. 

This concluded the exercises of the day. 
We feel sure that every member was con- 
scious of an increased pride in his class and 
will long remember the 28th of May. 



BOWDOINS vs. RESOLUTES. 

Our nine went to Portland on Saturday, 
May 29, and played a practice game with the 
Resolutes. This was the first game our club 
had played this term, and several of the men 
had their fingers very badly used up, which 
rendered good playing on our part quite im- 
possible. The Resolutes seem to claim about 
the same for their men, and it is not at all 
strange that they should do so, because their 
game also was the poorest we ever saw them 
play. There was hardly an earned run dur- 
ing the game, and almost every score was due 
to an error. Knight let our first score in by 



42 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



wild throwing ; Payson let two men in by 
misjudgment, throwing home to get the third 
man out, when there was plenty of time to 
put a man out on the first, and Wright let 
two men in by a wild throw. And thus we 
might go on enumerating error after error, 
but it is needless. Let us look at a few of 
the good plays. Waitt caught a pretty fly to 
centre ; Wright made a good throw to the 
home, getting the third man out, and there 
was a good triple play. There was a man on 
first and one on second, when Sanford caught 
a foul bound ; and they, thinking the ball fair, 
started from the bases, and Sanford put the 
ball to Payson, who returned it before the 
man had time to get back to his base ; then 
Sanford threw it to second in time to get that 
man out. This was very fortunate, as the 
Resolutes had scored four runs that inning. 

The greatest difficulty our nine seemed to 
have was on the striking. Crocker, the Res- 
olute's catcher, stood so near the home-plate 
that the striker could not swing his bat with- 
out fear of hitting him ; and of course this 
caused much confusion. However much right 
the striker may have to use all his power to 
hit the ball, if the catcher occupies the posi- 
tion Crocker did, the striker will not do as 
well as if he had a clear swing. 

We are in hopes that another game with 
the Resolutes may soon be arranged. 

Below is the score of the game. 



IB. 

Payson, p 1 

Wright, s. s 

Fuller, l.f. 

Sanford, lb. ...0 

Potter, 3b 

Waitt, c.f. 

Melcher, 2b. . . .0 
Jacobs, r. f.. . -.1 
Perry, c 



1b. 

Knight, 9. a 1 

Lei^'liton, p. ,..l 
Barnes, J., 1. f..l 
Crocker, c.f.... 1 

Ayers, lb 2 

Barnes, F., 3b. .1 

Wilson, 2b 1 

('ashman, r. f. . .1 
St. John, c 



Totals. 



2 6 11 12 2T I Totals. 



13 11 5 27 



4 4 10 3 — 13 
Umpire — Mr. Dow of the Unas, of Charlestown, Mass. Time of game, 
2 hours and 20 minutes. 1st B. errors — Bowdoins 8, Resolutes 10. 



The new base-ball uniform made, they say, 
a very nice appearance in Portland. 



THE REGATTA. 

"A conclusion in which nothing is de- 
cided " is always unfortunate, and the regatta 
last Saturday has unhappily been an instance 
of this. As the first regatta held for some 
time, many allowances must be made ; and, 
notwithstanding their mistakes, much praise 
is due to those who have been instrumental 
in putting it through. The course of the 
race, three miles in length, was from the 
railroad bridge, passing down round Cow 
Island on the Topsham and up on the Bruns- 
wick side. The Sophomores and Freshmen 
crews pulled in gigs, while the upperclassmen 
had shells. The gigs were new, but the shells 
had been much used before, and that of 
'75, especially, was much out of repair. By 
some unfortunate misjudgment the Sopho- 
mores and Freshmen were allowed a minute 
and a-half as the difference in boats. There 
was an almost universal feeling of surprise at 
this decision, and among the upper classes, at 
least, much dissatisfaction. '75 withdrew 
from the race altogether. '76, although per- 
haps equally convinced of the injustice of 
this allowance, did not withdraw, but pulled 
under protest. 

The Juniors were next the Topsham 
shore, but took the next place which was left 
vacant by the withdrawal of the Seniors. The 
Freshmen were next, while the Sophomores' 
place was next the Brunswick side. The 
Juniors were the last to come into line, and, 
with their white shirts and red head-handker- 
chiefs, and their even, smooth pulling, were 
the finest looking crew on the river. The 
crews started at about quarter before eleven, 
the Juniors quickly taking the lead, the 
Freshmen being slightly behind the Sopho- 
mores. About the tenth stroke the foot-board 
of the rudder broke while the rudder was to 
port, where it remained fixed throughout the 
race. The Juniors were thus completely 
crippled for the rest of the course. The 
Sophomores attempted to run between the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



43 



outlying shoal and the island, running aground 
and abandoning the race. The Juniors led 
until the turn at the foot of the island was 
reached, when the Freshmen gained nearly 
ten boat lengths, '76's rudder being unman- 
ageable. 

The Freshmen crew made the three miles 
in 21m. 46s.; the Juniors in 22m. 34£s. 

A large number of spectators had assem- 
bled to witness the race, and all were much 
disappointed at the unsatisfactory manner in 
which it ended. Of course each of the 
classes still claims the championship for its 
own crew, and only another race can settle 
the matter. 

After the conclusion of the regatta, the 
'75 crew pulled against time, in 22m. 15s., but 
with a boat leaking badly. 

The officers of the regatta were as fol- 
lows: Referee and starter, Hunter, '74; Time- 
keepers, W. P. Walker and W. R. Field; 
Judges at stake-boat, Profs. Carmichael and 
Moore ; Judges at lower end of island, Hall, 
'75, Hall, '76, Mitchell, '77, Paine, '78. 

The prize consisted of four gold watch- 
guard slides, bearing a pair of crossed oars, 
and engraved with name, date, and time made. 



FIELD DAY. 

The second semi-annual Field Day of the 
Bowdoin Athletic Association was Saturday, 
the 5th inst. The sports, which were held 
upon the Topsham Fair Ground, were wit- 
nessed by the students en masse and a large 
number of their friends. The weather was 
pleasant, and, without the slight breeze which 
influenced the throwing of the base ball, 
would have been most favorable. The Board 
of Directors of the Association, consisting of 
Waitt, '76, Hargraves, '77, and Fessenden, 
'78, with Parker, '76, as Master of Sports, 
had charge of the exercises. Prof. Carmichael 
acted as referee, and Ladd, '73, and Sargent, 
'75, as judges. The measuring tape was man- 



aged by Sewall, '77, and Peary, '77 ; Stevens, 
'76, and Rowe, '76, kept the time. 

At a quarter past three o'clock, the one- 
half mile walk was called. Evans, '76, and 
Hall, '78, appeared. During the race the con- 
testants repeatedly broke into a run, but 
Evans came in ahead in 3m. 28|s. The 
100 -yard dash came next, for the best 
two out of three heats. Paj^son, '76, and 
Alden, '76, entered. By mistake the men 
were started for the first heat forty feet be- 
yond the designated point. Alden rau this 
heat in 13 sec., and Payson withdrawing, made 
the second in Hi seconds. Next the one- 
half mile run was called ; there were four 
entries : Cobb, C. E., '77, Stimson, '76, Alden, 
'76, and Sanford, '76. At the start Alden 
took the lead, thus increasing the spirit of the 
race ; but, laboring under the disadvantage of 
being out of breath from his previous race, 
dropped out during the first quarter of a mile. 
Cobb gained the race in 2m. 19£s., Sanford 
second in 2m. 35s., Stimson third. Throwing 
the base ball was next. Knight, '77, Payson, 
76, Crocker, '77, and Peary, '77, participated. 
Hall, '78, thinking the sports were made too 
serious, furnished fun for the crowd. Peary 
threw the ball the farthest, 316 ft. ; Payson 
came next, 306.7 ft., Knight third, and Crocker 
fourth. The best throw made last fall was 
304 ft. 

Peaiy, '77, and Mitchell '77, entered for 
the running jump ; three trials were allowed. 
Mitchell's best leap was 16.5 ft., Peary's, 15.3 
ft. The most exciting race of the day was 
the 2-mile walk. Evans, '76, Jacobs, "77, 
Burleigh, '78, Mitchell, '77, and Cousins, '77, 
entered. At the end of the first half mile. 
Cousins and Burleigh were abreast, making 
the course in 4m. 55£s. At the end of the 
first mile, Mitchell came in first, in 9m. 59|s. 
Jacobs made tin 1 mile and a-half in 15m. 4s. 
Evans, who was walking very easily, was 
ruled out a short distance past the pule, and 
Burleigh and Mitchell stopped during the last 



44 



BOWDOW ORIENT. 



half mile. The race was now very closely 
contested ; Cousins, however, received his last 
warning when within a short distance of the 
line, and Jacobs won in 19m. 40s. The prize 
was a nice gold-headed cane, presented by a 
lady friend of the students. 

Next came the standing jump. Cobb, '77, 
and Potter, '78, were the contestants. Cobb 
won, jumping 9.5 feet ; Potter's best jump 
was 9.4 feet. The best jump last fall was 
9.4 feet. For the two-mile run, Hall, '75, 
and Crocker, 77, entered. They ran the first 
mile side by side, in 6m. 26Js. During the 
first half of the next mile, Crocker stopped, 
and Hall came past the stand in 9m. 37s. 
He ran the last half-mile for record, coming 
in splendidly in 12m. 45|s. The last exercise 
was the three-legged race for 100 yards ; Hall, 
'78, and Jacobs, '78, won in 17Js., against 
Thing, '78, and Baker, 78. 

The sports were voted a success by every 
body who witnessed them, and the Association 
can well congratulate itself on the good 
management. 



LOCAL. 

" Rainy Sundays." 

" A little one for a cent." 

"Did you have a reserved seat at the 
circus ? " 

The last verse of the Junior " color song " 
seems to be the favorite. 

Why must Wilkie Collins have made his 
mark? Because he wrote " No Name." 

Senior examination. Z. — " When iron 
pyrites is heated the sulphur is given off and 
forms carbonic acid." 

The Seniors have chosen brown for their 
class ribbons, the Sophomores light green, and 
the Freshmen blue. White will be worn with 
all the class colors. 



The medics leave us soon. 

Straw hats will soon be the style. 

By a sort of tacit consent all idea of Class 
Day seems to have been given up by '75. 

The second-hand furniture market is 
crowded. Now is the time to buy your 
chairs and chipped crockery. 

The first prizes for essays were awarded 
to E. H. Hall and H. R. Patten ; the second 
prizes to G. R. Swasey and S. C. Whitmore, 
on the following respective subjects : " Causes 
of Religious Persecution," " Republicanism 
in France," " Writings of Henry Kirke 
White," and " Macbeth." 

The Seniors ought to get their autographs 
well fixed. Nearly half of them have chosen 
Law as their future vocation. Medicine finds 
devotees in about a third of the class, while 
Theology and Civil Engineering will each 
claim the labor of two. The others are too 
young to make their choice yet awhile. 

A match game was played upon the Delta 
on the forenoon of Memorial Day, between 
the Bath and Brunswick High School nines. 
The game resulted in favor of the Brunswick 
nine on a score of 31 to 15. In the afternoon 
the Live Oaks played the Androscoggins. 
The former were the victors, but we have not 
been informed of the score. 

Notwithstanding the various attractions in 
other directions, and the absence of music, a 
large audience assembled to listen to the com- 
petitors for the '68 prize, on the evening of 
May 31. The programme was as follows: 
Political Corruption, R. R. Baston ; Richelieu, 
G. C. Cressey ; Religious Persecution in 
Europe, E. H. Hall ; Modern Degeneracy, 
W. H. Holmes ; Does Civilization Endanger 
Character ? D. A. Sargent ; Miguel Cervantes, 
G. R. Swasey. The speaking was fully up 
to the average, and the parts rather above. 
The prize was awarded to D. A. Sargent. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



45 



A prize of three dollars has been offered 
by a member of '75, for the best college cheer. 

We are glad to see that some of the col- 
lege trees have at last been primed into 
decent shape. Where they add so mnch to 
the beaut} r of a place as they do to our campus 
they deserve and •will reward a great deal of 
care. 

While the great game was taking place in 
Portland, a large and enthusiastic crowd gath- 
ered on the Delta to witness the first game of 
the champion schooner series between the 
Irresolutes and Dogos. Irresolutes to the bat. 
The first strike was a liner to the umpire, who 
dodged it, and in recovering cried " foul ! " 
" So is a hen ! " replied the striker, and on the 
strength of his wit was allowed to score his 
run. 'T would be useless to try to describe 
the fine plays in this game. Owing to an 
error or two (twenty-three, we counted, by 
the s. s.), in the third inning, the Dogos 
scored 19 runs, making the total score at the 
end of the third inning 54 to 54. High excite- 
ment prevailed. Knott stood at the bat, his 
fine athletic form showing through a large 
hole in the knee of his pants. Needless to say 
he knocked a fly to first base-man, who caught 
it on the first bound. " Knott, out," yelled 
the undaunted, though now crippled, umpire. 
The crowd, consisting of a small yagger in 
red stockings, being unable, on account of a 
lack of a liberal education, to understand the 
play upon words, and being dissatisfied with 
the decision (but not promptness) of the 
umpire, rushed in upon him and broke up 
the game. Upon coming to, the umpire 
declared a tie vote. After a few unpleasant 
remarks of a personal nature, both clubs 
retired, feeling wholly dissatisfied with the 
result of the game, and in a mutual state of 
ill humor. The c. f. says he was the only : 
one satisfied, having been seated during the [ 
entire game. List of dead and wounded in i 
next issue. 



Scene in the office of the Tontine Hotel. 
Prof, (searching) — " Boy, where is the boot- 
brush ? " Boy — " I think it is in No. 6, sir." 
Prof, (smiling) — " Well, I guess I will not 
go in there after it." 

A young man in the Junior botany class 
has ruined himself for life by accidentally 
guessing a conundrum : Why would trees 
never do for almanac makers ? Because they 
would leave out every spring. 

The hand organ man attempted to soothe (?) 
the savage Modocs by playing a tune at the 
door of their recitation room. They stopped 
the recitation for fear of disturbing him, and 
listened to the sweet melody, until a loud 
voice threatened to throw him, not out of tune, 
but down the stairs. He now wears a com- 
plimentary ticket to their next clinic. 

The Senior appointments for Commence- 
ment are as follows : E. H. Hall, Salutatorian ; 
First Parts, G. C. Cressey, C. L. Clarke, W. 
H. Holmes, S. M. Carter, S. L. Larrabee ; 
Second Parts, C. A. Black, G. R. Swasey ; 
Third Parts, D. M. McPherson, M. A. Floyd, 
C. A. Dorr ; Fourth Parts, R. G. Stanwood, 
H. R. Patten, F. R. Upton, W. Pulsifer ; 
Fifth Parts, R. R. Baston, W. Nevins, C. H. 
Wells; Sixth Parts, F. O. Baston, E. H. 
Noyes, H. R. True, S. C. Whitmore. One or 
two more appointments will probabty be made 
from those members of the class who have 
not yet made up. 

ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Ahunui and friends of the 
College.] 

'48. — At the last meeting of the American 

Oriental Society, Rev. Thomas H. Rich, Prof. 

of Hebrew in Bates College, was elected a 

member. At the same meeting Dr. Ezra 

Abbot ('30) delivered an address on the late 

Dr. Tischendorf. 



46 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



'60. — We clip the following from the 
Christian Mirror : — 

"Rev. J. L. Phillips, his wife and sister, mission- 
aries for ten years in India, of the Free Baptist 
Board, have just returned to this country. Many 
of our readers in Brunswick, and other sections of 
the State, will he interested in this news. Mr. P. 
graduated at Bowdoin College in 1860, and during 
his residence in our State exerted a valuable influence 
for good." 

'67. — Geo. P. Davenport has gone into the 
book and stationery business at the stand of 
J. G. Knight, Bath, Me. 

'72. — William C. Shannon recently passed 
a brilliant examination for the position of 
Assistant Surgeon U. S. N., as we learn from 
the Portland Press. 

'73. — Geo. S. Mower has been admitted 
to the bar at his home in Newberry, S. C, 
and is also made a member of the law firm 
with which he studied. The firm name is 
Jones, Jones & Mower. 

'73. — ; N. D. A. Clark was recently admit- 
ted to the bar at Portland, on motion of 
Nathan Cleaves, Esq. 

'73. — We learn from the Portland Press 
that Loren F. Berry of Biddeford is to sup- 
ply a Congregational pulpit in Sanford. 

'74. — The Mirror speaks highly of the 
Greely Institute at Cumberland, which has 
been under the charge of W. R. Hemmenway 
for the past year. It says : " The recent 
examination showed thorough work and good 
progress. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The Yale Courant would "like to know what 
benefit there is in college fraternities holding their 
conventions with closed doors, if their secret trans- 
actions are to be proclaimed to the wide heavens 
the nest day ;" adding, " the late Brunswick con- 
vention is a good instance qf this." The allusion, we 
suppose, is to the action of the convention in regard 
to the establishment at Cornell of a pseudo chapter 
of the fraternity. Looking at the matter from an 



entirely outside point of view, we can not but feel 
the injustice of the Courant' s censure. The open 
disobedience of the fraternity convention by the 
Cornell faculty would and should have subjected 
them to the discipline of the fraternity ; and it was 
due to the chapters represented in the convention 
that such discipline be made public. Without being 
at all informed of the secret workings of the Psi 
Upsilon fraternity, we can not but feel that their 
course, as far as we can judge of it, however un- 
pleasant it may have been, was the only one they 
could honorably pursue. 

The Index has exalted ideas of the number of 
volumes in modern libraries. "A few centuries 
ago," says a late issue, " five or six hundred manu- 
scripts constituted a large library ; but at the pres- 
ent day libraries are found to contain (sic) five or 
six thousand volumes." 

The Machias Republican says that the citizens 
of that town are taking measures to celebrate the 
100th anniversary of the first battle of the Revolu- 
tion, which was fought in Machias river June 12, 
1775. It is proposed to have a fitting celebration. 
Hon. G. F. Talbot, of Portland, Bowdoin '37, is 
spoken of as the orator for the occasion. 

The Trinity Tablet is enthusiastic over the new 
Freshman cane, which it characterizes as the " pret- 
tiest, neatest, and nobbiest that any Freshmen have 
ever swung." 

The Crimson, under the new name, is as bright 
and elegant as ever. We congratulate the editors 
upon the change of name, for we always have dis- 
liked the false tint from which the old title was 
taken. 

The Ala. Monthly quotes " the eight lines which 
have made Bourdillion, the Oxford graduate, fa- 
mous"; changes the word "love" in the- last line 
to " day "; and rises to explain that it " can not see 
where the fame comes in." " The first stanza," it 
continues, " is rather pretty and not incompreusible ; 
but the second stanza seems to us to be musical 
nonsense." There is a passage in Matthew vii. 6, 
which comes forcibly to mind in connection with the 
way in which the Monthly receives these lovely 
lines ; but the Monthly might at least quote correctly. 

We are glad that the Wesleyau delegates to the 
Psi Upsilon Convention received so pleasant an im- 
pression of Bowdoin. We thank them most heartily 
for their kindly praise in the Argus. 

We have received a very handsome gold pen and 
stock from Aiken, Lambert & Co. Any ouo desir- 
ing first-class goods of this description can find an 
excellent assortment at B. G. Donuison's book-store. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JUNE 23, 1875. 



No. 5. 



THE WANDERER'S SONG. 

FROM THE GERMAN. 

"Whom God would bless with favor fairest 
He out into the world doth lead; 

To him doth show his wonders rarest, 

Iu mount and wood and stream and mead. 

The slothful, e'er at home remaining, 
Know not the charm of morning -red ; 

They of ehild-eare are still complaining, 
Of sorrow, pain, and strife for bread. 

The brooklets from the hills are springing, 
And the larks trill on high for joy ; 

Why should I not with them be singing 
From a full breast no cares annoy '/ 

To God's rule bow I uncomplaining, 

Who brooklets, larks, and wood and lea, 

And earth and heaven, is still sustaining, 
Hath ordered all things best for me. 



HARPS WELL AND ZOOLOGY. 

The experiment, tried a year ago, of the 
scientific department of the Junior class 
spending a few days at the sea-shore, to 
acquaint themselves by actual experience with 
the various minor forms of animal life, known 
to them previously only through the medium 
of the text-book, proved so successful in the 
case of '75, that it was decided by the ruling 
powers to give '76 the benefit of a similar 
excursion. It being thought best to avoid 
the discomforts and inconveniences of camp 
life, and to devote that time to study which 
would otherwise be necessarily employed in 
culinary labors, board was engaged for the 
party at the Mansion House. As the event 
proved, however, it is questionable whether 



we avoided more than we encountered by this 
decision. Four o'clock Wednesday afternoon 
was fixed as the time for our departure. Of 
course there were the usual delays. By great 
exertion half a dozen would be assembled, 
then some one would go for the missing mem- 
bers, and after some impatient waiting another 
messenger must needs start in pursuit of the 
first. But all delays have an end ; at last 
heads were counted and the ranks declared 
full, and we set off with pleasant anticipations 
of a good time. 

I will pass over the ride to the shore, 
simply saying that it it was marked by the 
usual decorum of Bowdoin students at such 
times, and that the party discoursed music (?.) 
much to the edification of the people along 
the road, who kept, meanwhile, a close watch 
on all straying fowls. In accordance with 
the natural order of events, we reached our 
destination in time for supper, which our ride 
rendered by no means unacceptable. The 
evening was occupied in strolling along the 
shore and making arrangements for sailing 
and deep-sea fishing the next day. A hotly 
contested but bloodless pillow fight in the 
corridor, was a pleasant episode, and prepared 
us for the discovery that the proprietor was 
either an advocate of water cure or thought 
that, because at the sea-shore, we wanted water 
everywhere, as the beds seemed to be well 
supplied with that useful but at the same 
time not particularly pleasant article. Thurs- 
day morning brought with it a pouring rain. 
No yachting for that day. Crustacean and 
bivalve might rest in assurance of safety 
from the preying fingers of amateur zoologists. 
Prof. White and a few other enthusiastic 
disciples of fzaak Walton, donned overcoats 



50 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and rubber boots, and started out in defiance of 
the prevailing moisture, flattering themselves 
that beneath the friendly shelter of some 
wharf they might find protection from the 
rain and enjoy the luxury of pulling in the 
gamey sculpin. Whether the first anticipation 
was realized their rather sorry figures as they 
came back rendered doubtful, but they re- 
ported sculpins abundant and easily propiti- 
ated. As the morning wore slowly away, some 
one proposed a visit to the neighboring district 
school. This proposition was eagerly accepted 
by three others, and the four adventurers 
started, about as hard-looking a crowd as ever 
invaded a country school-house. On their re- 
turn they brought glowing reports of their re- 
ception \>y the school-mistress, — who, strange 
to say, appeared by no means disconcerted by 
such an array of savants, — and of the remarks 
made by themselves to the school, in which 
they discoursed learned^ and eloquently of 
the theory and practice of teaching, with so 
much effect that four little girls were crying 
before they finished. Whether these reports 
were not somewhat overdrawn is, perhaps, 
not certain, and it seemed to be the opinion 
of those to whom they were made that they 
should be received " cum grano salis." 

About noon the clouds lifted and the sun 
made his welcome appearance. The afternoon 
was passed in sailing about the bay, very pleas- 
antly to all but one unfortunate, who was " not 
sea-sick but had eaten something that did not 
set well on his stomach." 

Friday was taken up by an excursion to a 
neighboring island where those members of 
the party to whom yachting had no charms 
when accompanied by a fear of sickness, were 
landed, with instructions to collect wood, and 
make other preparations for dinner, while the 
better seamen went in search of cod and 
other deep-sea fish. This search was not en- 
tirely satisfactory, the only fish obtained being 
from the boat of a neighboring fisherman in 
exchange for a pecuniary recompense. Din- 



ner proved a glorious success, the rather scanty 
supplies brought from the hotel, which proved 
to consist principally of spoons, being sup- 
ported by a foraging expedition to a farm 
house on the island, and by the contribution 
of the sea. In the afternoon the true business 
of the excursion was attacked with a will. 
Gasteropod and lamellibranchiata were torn 
ruthlessly from their accustomed dwelling 
places and offered on the altar of science; 
learned discussions were held in bilateral sym- 
metry, the water-vascular system, and similar 
high-toned subjects. This discussion had 
some amusing passages, as when one of the 
boys, after expressing much wonder that 
another did not know that a certain part of 
the viscera of a fish was the lung, was some- 
what taken back by a quiet remark of the 
professor, that true fishes were not generally 
supposed to be provided with means for aerial 
respiration. This exhaustive search into the 
mysteries of nature was followed by recrea- 
tion, the boys amusing themselves, each after 
his own inclination, some sailing, others either 
rowing, fishing, or indulging in the exciting 
and manly game of pitching quoits. 

A tart in one of the rooms in the evening, 
for which nothing stronger than lemonade 
was required, finished the day in a manner 
highly conducive to our pleasure, but much 
to the dismay of an insurance agent who was 
so unfortunate as to occupy a room on the 
floor below, and who, as he told the landlord 
next morning, while petitioning for breakfast 
before we came down stairs, had "always 
conceited that college students knew some- 
thing, but that he found out last night that 
they didn't; " which astonishing piece of infor- 
mation he followed up by the statement that 
he " wouldn't have cared a darn if he hadn't 
thought they were coming right through the 
floor every minute." He succeeded in getting 
breakfast when he wanted it, and had left for 
Happier climes when we breakfasted. 

After a forenoon employed in collecting 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



51 



specimens and souvenirs of the excursion, 
Bowker's appearance at noon was not unwel- 
come, as, although having had a pleasant 
time, we were not unwilling to see Bowdoin 
and a more civilized life once more. We 
came back with darker complexions than 
before, and with pleasant memories of the 
pleasures and profit of the zoological excur- 
sion of Junior vear. 



BOATING AT BOWDOIN. 

A correspondent of the N. Y. Times has 
recently visited us, and from his letter about 
the state of boating here we clip the follow- 
ing extracts. We would gladly give the 
letter entire did our space permit : — 

" I hope the men of Maine will not consider it a 
slander when I say that Bowdoin College is a little 
out of the way, . . . the remoteness of the sit- 
uation has consecrated this university to the people 
of this State alone. Looking on the records of the 
students, ... I found hut few that were not 
from Maine. Yet, notwithstanding this isolation, it 
is hut just to say that Bowdoin is fully ahreast with 
other colleges in its ideas. Its gymnasium . . . 
is, perhaps, in essentials, second to none in any uni- 
versity at home or abroad. By the regulations of 
the institution, every student must either drill or 
attend the gymnasium for a certain portion of every 
clay. During the boating season the crews who are 
engaged either for class races or for Saratoga 
are exempted, as also are the base-ball nines. 
. . . . Boating has taken root here and is 
an accomplished fact. This accounts for the 
good crews that this college has sent to the 
collegiate regattas. In 1872 . . . they took the 
lead and held it for two miles, when the bow oar 
had a nervous spasm and fell to the bottom of the 
boat. . . The next year, at Springfield, Bowdoin 
and Cornell were stationed on the extreme right— , 
Bowdoin on top of a sand-bar, and Cornell iu the 
rushes and just behind a willow stump. It was, of 
course, a foregone conclusion that the crews who 
were in the shallows could not possibly win ; but 
these two did so well that nobody ever knew which . 
was fourth — Columbia, Cornell, or Bowdoin. . . . 
Tho next year the men were in active rebellion 
against, the authorities concerning drill, and so wcro \ 
not able to send a crew. This vear they enter the 



field, and their boat will be one of the most formi- 
dable there. . . . 

"There is one little drawback iu a poor college 
that has a taste for boating, and that is that it is 
very hard to got money, for when a student has to 
subscribe for a class boat, he does not feel excess- 
ively liberal toward the college boat. So the Sara- 
toga men of Bowdoin have had to practice iu a boat 
called a lapstreak, which weighs at least 500 pounds. 
The difference between this boat and a shell is 
excessive, for the latter only weighs 140 pounds. . . 

" The question whether they will pull or not, is a 
monetary one, and has not yet been answered iu the 
affirmative. I do most sincerely trust that this very 
gallant crew will not be forsaken by the old Alumni 
of Bowdoin. . . It seems to me the Alumni ought 
to feel intense pride in the honorable place which 
their college maintains in spite of its isolation from 
the centres of wealth and literature. And this crew 
which goes to represent old Alma Mater is composed 
of such sturdy, honest, and sweet-tempered enthu- 
siasts, that they can not fail to win an honorable 
place for the white banner. They do not dare to 
hope for victory, because they go very late to Sara- 
toga, and have some difficulties iu their way. But 
tho Alumni of their college may rely upon it that 
the white ribbons will not be far from the front 
when the first boat crosses the line. 

" For myself, whatever an individual opinion may 
be worth, it is very much in their favor. Their 
coach, Mr. D. A. Sargent, is a man who evokes 
enthusiasm without lessening the restraints of dis- 
cipline ; and the crew are, to a man, . . . very 
muscular. ... If their Alumni, however, do not 
help them, I do not see how they can go, for they 
have no boat." 



The various Society Reunions, Commence- 
ment Week, will be held on tho following 
evenings : Alpha Delta Phi, Wednesday even- 
ing ; Psi Upsilon, Wednesday evening ; Delta 
Kappa Epsilon, Thursday evening ; Zeta Psi, 
Thursday evening ; Tlieta Delta Clii, Wedes- 
day evening. Those on Wednesday evening 
will be held immediaiely after the Commence- 
ment Concert. 

The University crew take their morning 
pull at eleven o'clock instead of six as 
formerly. 



52 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE TEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; siugle copies, 
15 ceuts. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 5.— June 23, 1875. 

The Wanderer's Song 50 

Harpswell and Zoology 50 

Boating at Bowdoin 51 

Editorial Notes 52 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention 54 

Local 55 

Alumni Notes 57 

Editors' Table 58 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



We regret that the boating subscription 
list is not filling up more rapidly. It will be 
a reproach to the college if money enough is 
not raised to send the crew to Saratoga. It 
seems to us that personal feeling is not a 
thing which can now be taken honorably into 
account. It having once been voted to send 
a crew, and that crew having been selected 
and put in training, it becomes the duty of 
the minority to acquiesce in the decision of 
the majority and support their action. We 
are justly proud of the independent spirit of 
Bowdoin, but there is much danger that this 



will degenerate into mere selfish obstinacy. 
For the honor of Bowdoin, for the promotion 
of her interests abroad and good feeling within, 
let every man give as he is able. A few self- 
denials will not be likely to injure us, and it 
is time we proved our love for Alma Mater in 
some other way than by touching rhymes in 
our class odes. Let us have an unselfish 
desire to promote her interests, even though 
each of us is foolishly sure that he could man- 
age things much more wisely than they are 
now conducted. 



We have often noticed at our Prize Decla- 
mations that the majority of the selections 
are of a dramatic character, and have some- 
times wished to attend an exhibition in which 
the speakers, for the most part, had chosen 
examples of forensic eloquence for delivery. 
Perhaps such an exhibition would be termed 
dry ; very likely it would be dry, for the cir- 
cumstances which were intimately connected 
with the first delivery of the speech, and 
which helped to make it famous, could not be 
reproduced ; but it would more nearly fur- 
nish an example of what we think a college 
declamation should be. The object of our 
elocutionary exercises is not to enable us to 
imitate stage tones and action; it is, rather, 
to teach us to express what Ave have to say 
in a graceful, dignified manner, in exact, ele- 
gant English, and in a proper tone of voice. 
For this end forensic rather than dramatic 
selections are more suitable ; their appropriate 
delivery and any fine forms of expression 
found in them are far more useful. The mat- 
ter would not be quite so bad if the selections 
were usually made from standard dramatists ; 
but the greater part of such selections, and 
the most popular, were not written for deliv- 
ery on the stage ; some of these poetical 
selections may rank high in literature, or may 
be entertaining reading; but we do not think 
that they are the most suitable for Prize 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



53 



Declamations. We would like to hear, then, 
at future exhibitions a greater number of 
selections from the best efforts of distin- 
guished orators or pleaders. If a prize for 
excellence in this department alone could be 
offered, it would do much to encourage a 
study of such examples. 



Our last issue went to press too soon after 
Field-day for- any comments, aud we may 
therefore be excused for mentioning at this 
late day a few thoughts which then occurred 
to us. We understand the difficulties which 
the directors had to encounter, and we con- 
gratulate them on the success with which they . 
overcame them. We wish, however, to hint 
at an improvement or two which we think 
might be made. It would have been better 
if the prizes had been procured and placed 
upon exhibition some time before the day. 
Both students and outsiders would have thus 
become interested in the disposal of them, and 
more participants and more spectators would 
have been the result. 

It seems to us, too, though this is a matter 
upon which different opinions are held, that 
it will soon be found best not to allow any 
man, who has once taken a prize, to contest 
for the same prize again. At present, the 
number of contestants is so limited that this 
is, perhaps, not practicable, and we do not 
wish this remark to be understood as applying 
to the Field-day just passed. While Field- 
day is meant to be a trial of skill and not a 
popular exhibition, it might be wise, also, to 
yield something to the popular taste by intro- 
ducing sack or potato races, quoit throwing, 
and perhaps archery or rifle shooting. These 
would attract people, and give the other sports 
the benefit of a larger attendance and greater 
interest. Of course these must be worked in 
gradually ; and those at least which require 
practice should be announced as limn' before- 
hand as possible. We are heartily glad to 



see Field-day becoming a permanent institu- 
tion among us, and we wish it the support 
and the success it deserves. 



And now are come the days of second- 
hand furniture sales. There is something 
pathetic in this yearly selling out. From 
many a room endeared by hours of study or 
of jollity, are brought forth the piles of chairs, 
tables, lounges, and bedsteads. Chairs with 
four legs, and chairs with but three, two, or 
one ; chairs loose in the joints, or fatally 
injured in the back by mixing too freely in 
student frolics. Then the tables where stu- 
dents have toiled over honest work, rushed 
madly forward upon classic horses, or eagerly 
watched the turning of trumps. 

Do you not feel in a degree as if parting 
from old friends, when you send off your col- 
lege belongings ? You can hardly forget that 
Fred Trueheart overturned and broke that 
easy chair when you were dressing for that 
scrape for which he was sent off, while you, 
equally implicated, luckily escaped detection. 
Then those heel-prints on your centre-table 
carry you back to your Freshman year, when 
Bill Firehead made his remarkable oration 
urging resistance to the Sophs. You smile a 
little as you recall how meekly Bill danced 
upon this very table only the next night, and 
sang his little solo from the top of the bed- 
room door. 

Then there are those black stains on your 
writing-table which future possessors will 
point to impressively as ink-spots, and mur- 
mur about '•midnight oil" and "brain-lit 
parts"; sentiments which, if a thought trite, 
are still fondly cherished in the genuine Fresh- 
man soul. It is quite as well that lie knows 
nothing of that night in Sophomore year, 
when you very carelessly set down a pot of 
black paint upon this very table, while you 
trimmed your dark lantern. 

In the memories which clinir about this old 



54 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



furniture there is a strange and pungent ming- 
ling of sadness and pleasure ; and it is no 
wonder that you feel it to be a sort of desecra- 
tion when Booker offers you only fifty cents 
for that easy-chair and seventy -five for the 
table ! 



A second practice game of base ball 
between the Bowdoins and Resolutes took 
place on the Delta, Saturday afternoon, June 
12th. A large number of the Resolutes' 
friends accompanied them from Portland, and 
these, together with the students and town 
friends, made an unusually large gathering. 

The Bowdoins, as usual, — and this is a mis- 
take which we soon hope to see remedied, — 
played loosety during the first of the game, 
and consequently had hard, up-hill work dur- 
ing the remainder. 

The Resolutes seemed very confident of 
an easy victory, and were not at all bashful 
about saying so. At the close of the third 
inning, the score stood eight to three against 
the Bowdoins; and backers of the Resolutes 
expressed the opinion that " the Bowdoins 
were not toughened to it," " could not hold 
out," etc., and that the Resolutes had accus- 
tomed themselves to all this, hence the ease 
with which they played. 

This undoubtedly had a very quieting 
effect upon their minds for a time, but it soon 
wore off, for at the end of the ninth inning 
a wilder and more excited set was never seen 
than these very same base-ball backers. The 
score at this time was nine to nine, and the 
prospect not just what they had expected. 
Nevertheless, at the end of the tenth inning, 
they departed very much relieved and with 
feelings somewhat jubilant that they did not, 
after all, get beaten, but quite crestfallen at 
the closeness of the game ; and well they 
might, after having made such remarks as 
we heard. 

Below is a score of the game : — 



Payson, p 2 

Fuller, 1. f. 

ftuifi.nl, lb 

Melcher,2b 

Potter, 3b 1 

Waitt, c. f. 1 

Knight, s. s 3 

Jacobs, r. f. . . . 1 
Perry, c 1 

Totals 9 



1b. 
Knight, s.s.... 3 
Leighton, p. ..4 
Barnes, J., l.f. .0 

Crocker, c 

Ayers, lb 

Barnes, F., 3b.. 
Wilson, 2b ...1 
Cushman, r.f..O 
St. John, c.f...4 



Totals 12 10 10 10 30 



Bowdoins 



Umpire — Mr. Noble of the "White Sox," Portland. Time of game, 2 
hours and 15 minutes. 1st base errors — Bowdoins 9, Resolutes 10. Scorers 
— Will Alden for Bowdoius, F. L. Ilsley for the Resolutes. 



ALPHA DELTA PHI CONVENTION. 

The forty-third annual Convention of the 
Alpha Delta Phi was held with Brunonian 
Chapter, at Providence, June 2d and 3d. 
There were thirty delegates present. Bow- 
doin was represented by H. R. Patten, S. M. 
Carter, and E. H. Kimball. The first day 
and evening were entirely occupied in trans- 
acting business. We condense from the Bos- 
ton Advertiser the report of the second day : — 

The following day the Convention met at nine 
o'clock, and after transacting some business of a 
private nature proceeded to the election of officers. 
Prof. Lewis Collins, of Albany, N. Y., was re-elected 
President; Dr. Herrick Johnson, of Auburn, N. Y., 
was elected Orator for the next Convention, and 
Prof. Edward North, of Hamilton College, was 
chosen Poet ; Hon. Rufus King, of Cincinnati, and 
Prof. H. L. Chapman, of Bowdoin College, were 
elected Alternates. 

The members of the Convention proceeded to 
the steps before Westminster Church, where they 
were photographed. The delegates and other 
Alpha Deltas then went to the American Steamboat 
wharf, where they took a boat chartered for Silver 
Spring. Here they enjoyed the novelty of a Khodo 
Island clam-bake. After finishing, as far as possi- 
ble, what was set before them, the party gave some 
rousing Alpha Delta songs, and a Glee Club formed 
from the delegates, rendered some part songs with 
very fine effect. The party returned to the city, 
arriving there a little after six. 

In the evening a very fine audience assembled in 
the church to hear Mr. Hale's oration and Prof. 
Strong's poem. The floral decorations were very 
fine. The music was furnished by the American 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



55 



Band of Providence. The Oration and Poem were 
both very fine. The exercises concluded with the 
singing of the Greek fraternity hymn. After bene- i 
diction by the Rev. Phillips Brooks, the audience j 
was dismissed, the Society proceeding in a body to I 
the banquet. The supper was a brilliant affair. 
The Rev. Dr. Woodbury, of Providence, presided. 
About one hundred and twenty-five members of the 
fraternity sat down to the table. After asking 
divine grace, the party went to work and in about 
an hour's time were prepared for the more intellect- 
ual part of the entertainment. The first toast was 
" Our Anniversary," which was responded to by 
President Collins. Mr. Collins was followed by the 
Hon. Charles Hale and Prof. A. Strong, who an- 
swered respectively for the orator and poet. The 
Hon. John Jay, formerly our minister to Austria, 
then replied to the toast " Diplomacy." " The Star 
and Crescent," found a response in the Rev. Edward 
Everett Hale ; and " The Clergy," in the Rev. 
Phillips Brooks. Various other toasts were re- 
sponded to, and letters were read from Geo. Win, 
Curtis, Man ton Marble, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
Bishop Huntington, and others. The Convention, 
with its festivities, finally broke up at a late hour. 

The next Convention will be held with the Ham- 
ilton Chapter, at Utica, N. T. 

LOCAL. 

" Come here ! " 

" Form a ring ! " 

" Pass the corn-cakes ! " 

" Snap your fingers and call it a foul ! " 

" Gentlemen, make your bids for this old 
carpet." 

"The Doctor on the wharf and the scul- 

pin in (lie pool ! " 

The Juniors have a "had eye" on those 
empty Senior seats. 

"Written examinations are frauds," say 
the Juniors and Sophomores. 

A number of "gentlemanly agents" have 
been secured in College, to can vass this State 
ami others, for a work entitled "Christ, in 
Art." 



Read the article about our crew, on the 
first page, and prepare to do your duty. 

D. A. Sargent, since making up, has been 
assigned a fourth part at Commencement. 

We notice an addition to our navy in the 
shape of a new boat owned by French, '78. 

It gives one faith in compulsory attendance 
to see the thin sprinkling of Seniors in church 
now. 

A new apothecary shop is to be opened 
down town, near the site of the old post 
office. 

" For Heaven's sake give me my break- 
fast before that pack of h — 1 -hounds comes 
down ! " 

He was told by a young lady, after com- 
ing from the barber's, only to look in the glass, 
Darwin would do the rest. 

Jameson and Sewall, '76, have been em- 
ployed by the M. C. R. R. to level and make 
a profile of the road from Brunswick to 
Lewiston. 

They are enforcing their marking system 
at Orono. One of the students has been sus- 
pended for a year on account of going beyond 
the bounds. 

McNulty, formerly of '76, passed through 
Brunswick last week, on his way to the New 
England Sabbath-Sehool Convention, to be 
held at Weers, X. H. 

"Don't stand there loafing," said a Pro- 
fessor to three students. •• We ainl loafing," 
said one, "there's only three of us and it 
takes 'leaven to make a loaf." 

The following are the names of those who 
have been appointed on the Junior Prize 
Declamation, July 5th: ('. II. Clark, J. M. 
Hill, J. (i. Libby, J. II. Payne, F.C. Payson, 
C. A. IVny. (i. T. Prince, A. II. Sabin, A. 
Sanford, C. Sargent, O. C. Stevens, and .1. II. 
White. 



56 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The following appointments have been 
made to the office of Assistant Librarian : C. 
H. Clark, Senior; J. E. Chapman, W. C. 
Greene, G. T. Little, E. C. Metcalf, R. E. 
Peary, Juniors. 

The officers of the Praying Circle for the 
ensuing year have been chosen as follows : 
President, C. G. Burnham ; Vice President, 
C. H. Clark; Secretary, W. W. Sleeper; 
Standing Committee, J. M. Hill, E. M. Cous- 
ins, W. E. Sargent. 

The appointments for the Sophomore 
Prize Declamation, June 28th, are as follows: 
F. H. Crocker, F. H. Dillingham, E. E. Dun- 
bar, D. D. Gilman, L. Moulton, C. W. Mor- 
rill, C. L. Mckerson, C. A. Perry, J. A. Rob- 
erts, and A. M. Sherman. 

The crew will be obliged to procure a new 
boat if they go to Saratoga. The old one in 
which they intended to do their practicing 
was found to be entirely unfit for the purpose, 
and they have taken the new '74 boat in 
which they will row until the race. 

The Gymnastic Exhibition will be given 
in Lemont Hall, Tuesday night, July 6th. 
The programme will be much the same as in 
the Exhibition last winter in Portland, in 
which the balancing trapeze and flying 
eschelle were the most interesting features. 

Each member of the victorious Freshman 
crew sports a very pretty and expensive 
watch charm. On one side is marked " Class 
Regatta, June 5th, 1875" ; name and position. 
On the other a pair of oars with " Bowdoin " 
across and " Class of '78 " above and below. 

The graduating exercises of the Maine 
Medical School took place on Tuesday morn- 
ing, June 8th. Dissertations were read by 
Brug, Foster, Keene, and Price. Dr. Greene 
made the closing address. The following 
were elected class officers : President, Keene ; 
Vice President, Stahl ; Secretary, Price ; 



Treasurer, Card; Executive Committee, 
Bray, Gibson, and Witham. 

No base-ball club was ever more taken 
aback than the Resolutes, who came to Bruns- 
wick expecting to beat the Bowdoins, at least 
two to one. " They didn't play their usual 
good game," say the Portland papers. Leigh- 
ton, their captain, remarked at the time, how- 
ever, that it was the strongest team that they 
had ever had, and that they did play a good 
game. 

The New York Times reporter made us a 
short visit a week or two since. He is mak- 
ing a tour among the Colleges that are to take 
part in the Regatta at Saratoga this summer. 
He had previously visited Columbia, Harvard, 
Yale, and Brown, and continued on his tour 
after leaving here. While here he expressed 
a very high opinion of the general physical 
appearance of the students. 

Soon will the silent halls and quiet rooms 
resound and echo while the Senior rehearses 
his part in dress costume to his admiring class- 
mates. We know how he learns it. This is 
the way. First in stentorian tones he repeats 
the first sentence, then the first and second, 
then the first, second, and third sentences, 
and so on ad finem. Shout if you will in 
daylight, and disturb our recitations, but " O ! 
give us a rest ! " at bed-time. 

The Sophomores have been making prepa- 
ration for their Burial of Analytics, to take 
place on the evening of June 29th. The ex- 
ercises under the " old oak " will consist of an 
Eulogy by W. T. Cobb, and an Elegy by R. 
E. Peary. At the funeral pyre a Lamentation 
will be pronounced over the dead by O. M. 
Lord. After the appropriate exercises have 
been finished the class will adjourn to the 
Masonic Hall to enjoy a supper prepared by 
Lucy of Portland. The Marshal of the even- 
ing is F. H. Crocker ; Priest, C. W. Morrill ; 
and. Committee of Arrangements, A. M. 
Sherman, F. H. Hargraves, and C. E. Cobb. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



57 



At a meeting of the Athensean Society the 
following officers were elected for the coming 
year: President, O. C. Gordon; Vice Presi- 
dent, J. H. White ; Secretary, W. G. Beale ; 
Treasurer, J. W. Sewall ; Poet, Arlo Bates ; 
1st Librarian, W. A. Robinson ; 2d Librarian, 
J. E. Chapman ; 3d Librarian, W. W. French ; 
1st Editor, W. H. Marrett ; 2d Editor, F. H. 
Hargraves ; 3d Editor, G. A. Holbrook ; 1st 
Committee, C. G. Burnham ; 2d Committee, 
G. T. Little; 3d Committee, W. W. French. 



COMMENCEMENT WEEK. 

July 4 — 9, 1875. 

Sunday — Baccalaureate before the graduating 

class, by the President. 
Monday — Evening, Junior Prize Exhibition. 
Tuesday — Evening, Gymnastic Exhibition. 
Wednesday — A.M., Meeting of the Ahunui Asso- 
ciation in the Chemical Lecture Room, Adams 
Hall, at 8.30. Full attendance of the Aluumi 
earnestly desired. 

P.M., Poem by H. W. Longfellow, LL.D., and 
Oration by G. B. Cheever, D.D., before the Al- 
umni, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary 
of their class. 

Evening, Concert by Miss Annie Louise Gary, 

Miss Henrietta Beebe, Mr. W. H. Fessenden, 

Mr. W. H. Beckett, and the Philharmonic Club 

of Boston. 

Thursday — Commencement Exercises. Evening, 

President's Levee. 
Friday — 8 a.m., Phi Beta Kappa, business meet- 
ing. 

8 a.m., Examination of candidates for admis- 
sion to College. 



Not a bad story comes from the Savage 
Club, London, but it does not seem clear who 
first made the joke. A "Savage" was stand- 
ing on the steps at Evans' Hotel, Covcnt Gar- 
den, where the club is now located, when a 
gentleman came up to him and asked him if 
there was "a gentleman with one eye, named 
Walker" in the club. -I don't know," re- 
sponded the "Savage," " what was the name 
of his dt her eye?" — Coll. Herald. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly" request contributions for this 
department from the Alumui and friends of the 
College.] 

Class of 1868. 

O. D. Baker, Attorney at Law, firm of 
Baker & Baker, Augusta, Me. 

G. M. Bodge, Principal of Westbrook 
Seminary, Deering, Me. 

C. E. Chamberlain, Merchant, Bristol, 
Me. 

G. L. Chandler, Tutor in Mathematics at 
Bowdoin. 

C. J. Chapman, Merchant, Portland. 

J. S. Derby, Judge of the Municipal 
Court, Saco, Me. 

T. J. Emery, Teacher in the English High 
School, Boston. 

G. W. Foster, Physician, Bangor, Me. 

L. S. Ham, Civil Engineer, Illinois. 

J. A. Hinkley, Tanner, Gorham, Me. 

F. E. Hitchcock, Physician, Rockland, Me. 
C. G. Holyoke has just graduated at the 

Bangor Theological Seminary. 

E. S. Mason, hardware dealer, Gorham, 
X. H. 

R. L. Packard, Chemical Examiner in the 
Patent Office, Washington, D. C. 

C. A. Ring, Physician, Portland. 

L. W. Rundlett, Civil Engineer, St. Paul, 
Minn. 

G. F. Shepard, Physician, Andover, Mass. 
G. A. Smyth, in Berlin, Prussia. 

C. E. Webber is in an Insurance Office, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

G. T. Wells, Merchant, North Wakefield, 
X. H. 

C. O. Whitman. Teacher in the English 
High School, Boston. 

Two of the class have died since gradua- 
tion, Cusbman and Fogg. 

Prof. — Mr. C — , decline the pronoun ego. 
Mr. C. — Ego, egis, egit, eginc. Prof. — That 
will do. — Olio. 



58 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



In the midst of the written examinations which 
are now the trial of our lives, the following from the 
Oberlin Review is most timely and encouraging : — 

" One of the Professors stated, not long ago, that 
he often gave pupils better marks than they probably 
deserved on written exercises, because he could not 
read their hand-writing." 

If the papers are ranked on that system here, we 
are willing to stand treat in advance on leading the 
Astronomy class ! 

We take from the Amherst Student the following 
statistics of the University crew : — • 

Stroke, M. A. Goodnow, 76 ; 2d, H. A. Hill, '73 ; 
3d, G. H. Reed, 78 ; 4th, L. G. Beck, 76 ; 5th, S. 
R. Johnston, 76 ; bow, P. L. Green, 76. Average 
age, 22 years, 4 months ; height, 5 feet, 10 inches ; 
chest, 38.9 inches ; biceps, 12.8 inches ; weight, 160 
pounds. 

The Tablet contains a sketch of Henry G. Cam- 
eron, the member of the University crew who was 
recently drowned. Cameron was President of the 
Junior class, and his loss is deeply felt among the 
students. Owing to his death the Trinity crew will 
not pull at Saratoga this year. 

The University Herald states that 78, at Syra- 
cuse, has established an auti-haziug society. The 
class is at present, however, engaged in a little un- 
pleasantness with 77. A member of 78 lost a hat, 
last fall, at the hands of the Sophomores. This 
wrong has been avenged by some bold Freshman 
who waylaid a couple of Sophomores who were re- 
turning from the opera, and captured their hats. 
'77 instantly arose in its might, and the Herald 
draws a sad but instructive picture of a couple of 
unlucky Freshmen being sent in balloon style from 
the top to the bottom of the chapel stairs. We do 
not wonder that the Herald is somewhat doubtful 
whether 78 can bear the innuendoes and taunts of 
the class beneath them, if this affair is a sample of 
78 spirit. 

We think the following from the Record may be 
appreciated : — ■ 

" As a pompous Junior went strutting by the 
fence, a class-mate rapturously but blasphemously 
exclaimed, ' What a blessed thing to see the Almighty 
on the earth once in a while.' " 

The Owl, with a degree of penetration which is 
positively startling, has discovered that " the Orient 
intimates with true Oriental politeness that The Owl 
is a goose." Wo hardly know which to admire more, 
the keenness of The Owl's discrimination, or the wit 
of its puns ! 



We are indebted to Jameson, 76, for a fine map 
of the boat course, which we received before the 
race, but not in season to acknowledge in the last 
number. 

It is wrong in the Argus to increase the terrors 
which timid persons feel at the thought of death. In 
an editorial note we read: "One almost dreads 
death more for this reason than for any other, that 
there is danger of something occurring at his death- 
bed, or during the few hours that his lifeless body 
remains above ground, which shall change the scene 
of mourning to one of half-suppressed laughter." 
For ourselves we must confess that this thought is 
new to us, and that it gives a fear of the " grisly 
king of terrors" never felt before. No wonder 
Hawthorne commented upon the degeneracy of an 
age in which one could not even die simply. We 
fear this may have a depressing effect upon weak- 
minded persons. We think, however, the evil may 
be alleviated, if not overcome. Let the milliners 
advertise "death-caps of the latest and most be- 
witching styles " ; and the booksellers issue " Eti- 
quette of the death-bed, illustrated with cuts." 
Then if wills are only made with provisions lessen- 
ing the heir's income for every awkward contre- 
temps which may happen " the few hours that the 
lifeless body remains above ground," wo see no 
reason why a death and burial may not be made as 
interesting an affair as a wedding or a christening. 

We welcome to our table the bright, cheery look- 
ing Athenccum. We were much pleased with the 
"Confessions of a Sarcastic Man," and " The Boat- 
ing Campaign for 1875." 

The Uni. Herald offers $5 for the best poem, 
handed in during the remainder of the present term. 
We shall watch its poet's corner with anxious curi- 
osity. 

We congratulate the Wittenberger upon its im- 
proved appearance. 

TIME TABLE. 
Trains to and from Brunswick : — 

From Portland, ar. at 1.55 and 7.30 a.m. ; 2.28 
and 6.40 p.m. 

From Bangor, ar. at 12.24 and 7.22 a.m.; 12.18 
and 4.31 p.m. 

For Portland, leave at 12.50 and 7.35 a.m. ; 12.33 
and 4.46 p.m. 

For Bangor, leave at 2.15 and 7.40 A.M.; 2.38 
and 6.50 p.m. 

For Lewiston, leave at 7.40 a.m.; 12.40, 7.00, 
2.45, and 4.40 p.m. 

For Bath, leave at 7.32 a.m. ; 12.40, 7.03, 2.45, 
and 5.05 p.m. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JULY 14, 1875. 



No. 6. 



MORITURI SALUTAMUS* 

Tempora labuntur, tacitisque senescimus annis 
Et fugiunt freno non remorante dies. 

Ovid, " Fastorum," lib. vi. 

" Caesar, we who are about to die 
Salute you ! " was the gladiator's cry 
Iu the arena, standing face to face 
"With death and with the Roman populace. 

ye familiar scenes, ye groves of pine, 

That once were mine and are no longer mine — 

Thou river, widening through the meadows green 

To the vast sea, so near and yet uuseen — 

Te halls, iu whose seclusion and repose 

Phantoms of fame, like exhalations rose 

And vanished — we who are about to die 

Salute you ; earth and air and sea and sky, 

And the Imperial Sun that scatters down 

His sovereign splendors upon grove and town. 

Ye do not answer us ! ye do not hear ! 
"We are forgotten ; and in your austere 
Aud calm indifference ye little care 
Whether we come or go, or whence or where. 
What passing generations fill these balls, 
What passing voices echo from these walls, 
Te heed not ; we are only as the blast, 
A moment heard aud then forever past. 

Not so the teachers who iu earlier days 

Led our bewildered feet through learning's maze; 

They answer us — alas ! what have I said ? 

What greetings come there from the voiceless dead ? 

What salutation, welcome, or reply ? 

Whal pressure from the hands that lifeless lie ? 

They are no longer here; they are all gone 

Tnto the land of shadows — all save one, 

Honor and reverence, and the good repute 

That follows faithful service as its fruit, 

Be unto him, whom living we salute. 

The great Italian poet, when he made 

His dreadful journey to the realms of shade, 

Met there the old instructor of bis youth, 

And cried in tones of pity and of ruth, 

"Ob, never from the memory of my hear) 

Tour dear, paternal image shall depart, 

Who while on earth, ere yet by death surprised, 

Taught me how mortals are immortalized; 

* For the advance sheets of this poem, which was delivered by Mr. 

Loo^fdlow at the Srmi-CenU-nnial Ilcuni f the Bowituio ( 'bss of' lsj:>, 

;il BmnBwIck, .Inly Tilt, WB AK tndebte 1 to Messrs. HarpT \- Itros. 



How grateful am I for that patient care 
All my life long my language shall declare." 

To-day we make the poet's words our own, 

Aud utter them iu plaintive undertone; 

Nor to the living only be they said, 

But to the other living called the dead, 

Whose dear paternal images appear 

Not wrapped in gloom, but robed in sunshine here, 

Whose simple lives complete and without flaw, 

Were part aud parcel of great Xature's law ; 

Who said not to their Lord, as if afraid, 

" Here is thy talent iu a napkiu laid." 

But labored in their sphere as those who live 

Iu the delight that work alone can give. 

Peace be to them ; eternal peace aud rest, 

And the fulfillment of the great behest, 

" Te have been faithful over a few things, 

Over ten cities shall ye reign as kings." 

And ye who fill the places we once filled, 

Aud follow iu the furrows that we tilled, 

Toung men whose generous hearts are beating high 

We who are old- and are about to die, 

Salute you ; hail you ; take your bauds iu ours, 

Aud crown you with our welcome as with flowers ! 

How beautiful is youth ! how bright it gleams 
With its illusions, aspirations, dreams ! 
Book of Begiuuiugs, story without End, 
Each maid a heroine, and each man a friend ! 
Aladdin's Lamp aud Fortunatus' Purse, 
That holds the treasures of the universe ! 
All possibilities are in its bauds, 
Xo danger daunts it, aud no foe withstands ; 
In its sublime audacity of faith 
"Bo thou removed," it to the mountain saith, 
Aud with ambitious feet, secure aud proud. 
Ascends the ladder leaning ou the cloud ! 

As ancient Priam at the Sctcan gate 

Sat on the walls of Troy iu regal state 

With the old men, too old and weak to fight, 

Chirping like grasshoppers in their delight 

To sd' the embattled hosts, with spear and shield, 

Of Trojans ami Aehaians in the field; 

So from i he snowy summits of our years 

We Bee you in the plain as each appears, 

And question of you, asking. " Who is he 

That towers above the others I Which may be 

Atreides, Menalaua, Odysseus, 

Ajax the great, or bold Tdomeneus '" 



62 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Let him not boast, who puts his armor oil 
As he who puts it off, the battle done. 
Study yourselves ; and most of all note well 
"Wherein kind nature meant you to excel. 
Not every blossom ripens into fruit ; 
Minerva, the inventress of the flute, 
Flung it aside, when she her face surveyed 
Distorted in a fountain as she played ; 
The unlucky Marsyas found it, aud his fate 
"Was one to make the bravest hesitate. 

Write on your doors the saying wise and old, 
" Be bold ! be bold ! and everywhere be bold ; 
Be not too bold ! " Yet better the excess 
Than the defect ; better the more than less ; 
Better like Hector in the field to die 
Than like a perfumed Paris turn and fly. 

And now, my classmates, ye remaining few 
That number not the half of those we knew, 
Te, against whose familiar names not yet 
The fatal asterisk of death is set, 
Te I salute ! The horologue of time 
Strikes the half- century with a solemn chime, 
And summons us together once again, 
The joy of meeting not unmixed with pain. 

"Where are the others? Toices from the deep 

Caverns of darkness answer me : " They sleep ! " 

I name no names ; instinctively I feel 

Each at some well -remembered grave will kneel, 

And from the inscription wipe the weeds and moss, 

For every heart best knoweth its own loss. 

I see the scattered grave - stones gleaming white 

Through the pale dusk of the impending night ; 

O'er all alike the impartial sunshine throws 

Its golden lilies mingled with the rose; 

We give to all a tender thought aud pass 

Out of the graveyards with their tangled grass, 

Unto these scenes frequented by our feet 

"When we were young and life was fresh and sweet. 

"What shall I say to you? "What can I say 
Better than silence is ? When I survey 
This throng of faces turned to meet my own, 
Friendly and fair, and yet to me unknown, 
Transformed the very landscape seems to be ; 
It is the same, yetnot the same to me. 
So many memories crowd upon my brain, 
So many ghosts are in the wooded plain, 
I fain would steal away with noiseless tread, 
As from a house where some oue lieth dead. 
I can not go ; — I pause ; — I hesitate ; 
• My feet reluctant linger at the gate : 
As one who struggles iu a troubled dream 
To speak and cannot, to myself I seem. 

Vanish the dream ! Vanish the idle fears ! 
Vanish the rolling mists of fifty years ! 



"Whatever time or space may intervene, 

I will not be a stranger iu this scene. 

Here every doubt, all indecision ends. 

Hail, my companions, comrades, classmates, friends 

Ah me ! the fifty years since last we met 

Seem to me fifty folios bound and set 

By Time, the great transcriber, on his shelves, 

"Wherein are written the histories of ourselves. 

What tragedies, what comedies are there ; . 

What joy aud grief, what rapture and despair ! 

"What chronicles of triumph and defeat, 

Of struggle, and temptation, and retreat ! 

"What records of regrets, and doubts, and fears ! 

What pages blotted, blistered by our tears ! 

What lovely landscapes on the margin shine, 

"What sweet, angelic faces, what divine 

And holy images of love and trust, 

Uudimrued by age, unsoiled by damp or dust! 

"Whose hands shall dare to open and explore 

These volumes, closed and clasped for evermore ? 

Not mine. With reverential feet I pass ; 

I hear a voice that cries, " Alas ! alas ! 

"Whatever hath been written shall remain, 

Nor be erased nor written o'er again ; 

The unwritten only still belongs to thee, 

Take heed, aud ponder well what that shall be." 

As children frightened by a thunder -cloud 

Are reassured if some one reads aloud 

A tale of wonder, with enchantments fraught, 

Or wild adventure that diverts their thought, 

Let me endeavor with a tale to chase 

The gathering shadows of the time and place, 

And banish what we all too deeply feel 

"Wholly to say or wholly to conceal. 

In mediaeval Borne, I known not where, 

There stood an image with its arm in air, 

And on its lifted finger, shining clear, 

A golden ring with the device " Strike here ! " 

Greatly the people wondered, though none guessed 

The meaning that these words but half expressed, 

Until a learned clerk, who at noonday 

"With downcast eyes was passing on his way, 

Paused, and observed the spot, and marked it well, 

"Whereon the shadow of the finger fell ; • 

And, coming back at midnight, delved, aud found 

A secret stairwaj' leading under ground. 

Down this he passed into a spacious hall, 

Lit by a flaming jewel on the wall ; 

And opposite a brazen statue stood 

With bow aud shaft in threatening attitude. 

Upon its forehead, like a coronet, 

"Were these mysterious words of menace set : 

" That which I am, I am ; my fatal aim 
None can escape, not even yon luminous flame ! " 
Midway the hall was a fair tablo placed, 
With cloth of gold, aud golden cups enchased 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



63 



Tilth rubies, and tbe plates aud knives were gold, 

And gold tbe bread and viauds manifold, 

Around it, silent, motionless, and sad, 

"Were seated gallaut knights in armor clad, 

And ladies beautiful, with plume and zone, 

But they were stone; their hearts within were stone; 

And the vast hall was filled in every part 

"With silent crowds, stony in face and heart. 

Long at the scene, bewildered and amazed, 

The trembling clerk in speechless wonder gazed ; 

Then from the table, by his greed made bold, 

He seized a goblet and a knife of gold, 

And suddenly from their seats the guests upsprang, 

The vaulted ceiling with loud clamors rang, 

The archer sped bis arrow, at their call, 

Shattering the lambent jewel on the wall, 

And all was dark around and overhead ; — 

Stark on the floor the luckless clerk lay dead ! 

The writer of this legend then records 
Its ghostly applications in these words : 
The image is the Adversary old, 
"Whose beckoning finger points to realms of gold; 
Our lust< and passions are the downward stair 
That leads the soul from a diviner air ; 
The archer. Death ; the flaming jewel, Life ; 
Terrestrial goods, the goblet and the knife; 
The knights and ladies, all whoso flesh and bone 
By avarice have been hardened into stone ; 
The clerk, tbe scholar whom the love of pelf 
Tempts from his books and from his nobler self. 

The scholar and the world ! The endless strife, 

The discord in the harmonies of life ! 

The love of learning, the sequestered nooks, 

And all the sweet serenity of books ; 

The market place, the love of gain, 

Whose aun is vanity, and whose end is pain 1 

But why, you ask me, should this tali- be told 

To men grown old, or who are growing old .' 

It is too late ! Ah, nothing is too late 

'fill the tired heart shall cease to palpitate, 

Cato learned Geek at eighty ; Sophocles 

Wrote bis grand CEdipua, and Simonides 

Bore "if the prize of verso from his compeers, 

When each had numbered more than fourscore years ; 

And Theophrastus, at fourscore and ten, 

liad but begun his Characters of Men. 

Chaucer, at Woodstock with the nightingales, 

At sixty wrote tie Canterbury 'fairs; 

Goethe at Weimar, toiling to the last, 

Completed Faust when eighty yi-.n-^ were past. 

These an' indeed exceptions; hut they show 

How far the (lull' Stream of our youth may flow 

Into the arctic regions of our lives, 

\\ here little else than lite itself survives. 



As the barometer foretells the storm 

While still the skies are clear, the weather warm, 

So something in us, as old age draws near, 

Betrays the pressure of the atmosphere. 

The nimble mercury, ere we are aware, 

Descends the elastic ladder of the air, 

The tell-tale blood in artery and in vein 

Sinks from its higher levels in the brain ; 

Whatever poet, orator, or sage 

May say of it, old age is still old age. 

It is the waning, not the crescent moon, 

The dusk of evening, not the blaze of noon ; 

It is not strength, but weakness; not desire, 

But its surcease ; not the fierce beat of fire ; 

The burning and consuming element, 

But that of ashes aud of embers spent, 

In which some living sparks wc still discern, 

Enough to warm, but uot enough to burn. 

What then ? Shall we sit idly down and say 
The night hath come ; it is no longer day ? 
The night hath not 3'et come ; we are not quite 
Cut oft' from labor by the failing light ; 
Something remains for us to do or dare; 
Even the oldest tree some fruit may bear ; 
Not (Edipns Coloueus, or Greek Ode, 
Or tales of Pilgrims that oue morniug rode 
Out of the gateway of the Tabard Inn, 
But other something, would we but begin ; 
For age is opportunity no less 
Than youth itself, though in another dress, 
And as the evening twilight fades away 
The sky is filled with stars, invisible by day. 



We deeply regret losing one of our ablest 
and most faithful instructors, Prof. J. S. Sew- 
all, Avho has accepted the professorship of 
Sacred Rhetoric and Oratory at the Bangor 
Theological Seminary. 

Prof. Rockwood, formerly of Bowdoin, 
now at Rutgers, passed Commencement week 
in Brunswick. It gave the students great 
pleasure to meet him once more, though in a 
somewhat different relation. 

The Sophomore Prize Declamation took 
place in Lemont Hall, June 28th. The '77 
Glee Club furnished singing in place of the 
usual music. Some of their selections were 
very fine. The prizes were equally divided 
between C. A. Perry ami Morrill. Beale was 
one of the speakers : we accidently omitted 

his name in our last ISSlie. 



64 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Ha wes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 6.— July 14, 1875. 

Morituri Salutamus (50 

Editorial Notes 64 

Local 68 

Alumni Notes 70 

The Brown Lichen. .' 70 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



— Wednesday morning opened dark and 
gloomy, and the fast falling rain seemed to 
indicate a day unfavorable alike to Com- 
mencement visitors and college denizens. As 
the morning advanced, the powers of light 
and darkness, of sunshine and shadow seemed 
to strive for the mastery. Finally, however, 
the light prevailed, the clouds made a final 
retreat, and the sun came out with his 
united light and heat, speedily drying street 
and campus, so that the seemingly unfortu- 
nate advent of the day had only a fortunate 
effect in that it completely allayed that dust 
that is one of the discomforts attendant on 
Brunswick life at this season. At ten in the 
morning the regular business meeting of the 



Alumni took place in Adams Hall. At half 
past eleven, by the request of Prof. Packard, 
the Bowdnin Praying Circle held a meeting 
at the Seniors' recitation room, to which all 
former members of the Association were 
invited. The result was very gratifying. 
The room was filled principally by graduate 
members. The great event of the day was 
of course the public meeting of the Alumni 
at the Church. A very short time after the 
opening of the church it was filled by an 
expectant crowd, excepting those seats 
reserved for the Alumni. After a long time 
of waiting, more or less patient in individual 
cases, the procession entered the house. 
Ther was not a sufficient number of seats 
reserved to accommodate them all, and some 
of the more youthful members of the body 
were compelled to stand. 

In a few remarkably graceful words the 
President of the Alumni Association, Prof. 
Egbert C. Smyth, introduced the class of 1825. 
The day was theirs. They needed no guests, 
and were each other's own best company. It 
was an act of condescension for them to 
consent to make their anniversary exercises 
public. These would all be by the class, and 
as before the class. Prayer was then offered 
by Rev. John S. C. Abbott. Next followed 
the poem by^.Henry W. Longfellow, whose 
appearance on the platform was greeted by 
vehement and continued applause. To those 
of us to whom the poet's verse has long been 
dear from its own inherent Avorth, it will be 
doubly dear now that we have heard it from 
his own lips. To hear Longfellow is a boon 
not vouchsafed to many, and those to whom 
it is granted will not soon forget, will never 
forget that they heard from the lips of 
America's greatest poet, the poem on the 
fiftieth anniversary of the graduation of his 
College Class. Cheever's oration, immediately 
following the poem, was one of great breadth 
and power and eminently fitted to follow 
the master-work which had preceded it. 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



65 



— The literary exercises of Commencement 
Day seemed somewhat cast in the shade by 
the unusual interest of Wednesday. To the 
personal friends of the class of '75, however, 
we doubt not that they were very acceptable. 
The chosen few of that class delighted their 
friends with their astonishing amount of 
knowledge, and with their readiness in setting 
forth their views, and took their final depart- 
ure from the College stage. 

After the conferring of degrees, the pro- 
cession moved to Memorial Hall to discuss the 
Commencement Dinner. The exercises had 
lasted until almost three o'clock, and the 
Alumni showed a due appreciation of the 
dinner. We noticed that two members of 
'76 rather prematurely took their places in 
the ranks. Prominent among the visitors 
we noticed Hon. Lot M. Morrill, Hon. 
J. G. Blaine, Chief-Justice Appleton, and 
Gov. Dingley. Among the graduates, the 
clas of '25 occupied the post of honor, 
to whom much of the interest was owing. 
After dinner the President called upon 
Dr. J. S. C. Abbott to return thanks, 
and then the customary hymn was sung. 

The first man introduced was Prof. Pack- 
ard, who read a letter and a poem, addressed 
to the class of "2~>, by Mr. McClellan of '26. 
In behalf of his class, Hon. S. P. Benson re- 
sponded pleasantly, and called upon Dr. J. S. 
C. Abbott to read an account of the deceased 
members of the class. Of the thirty-seven 
wIki graduated, thirteen are now living, and 
of these only two were prevented from at- 
tending the semi-centennial anniversary of 
their graduation. 

After a poem by Prof. Dunn, Gov. Ding- 
ley was introduced. He did nut think it 
fitting fur liim In speak on that occasion, but 
he congratulated the College on account of 
the presence of its must celebrated class, and 
warmly welcomed them in tin' name of the 
people of the State. Ex-Speaker Blaine was 
next introduced, and mad< e of those capi- 



tal after-dinner speeches which every one 
delights to hear. He gave good advice to the 
graduating class. It was to think quickly 
and speak decidedly, and he illustrated his 
remarks with one of his excellent anecdotes. 
He called attention to the array of celebrated 
names enrolled upon the record of the Alumni, 
names known in the Senate and at the Bar, 
in Literature and Arms. Mr. Phillips, of 
Singapore, spoke of the wide celebrity of the 
revered Profs. Cleaveland, Smyth, and Upham. 
He wished to see their names commemorated 
by permanent professorships in their depart- 
ments. In conclusion he wished success to 
the crew at Saratoga, and spoke a good word 
in favor of boating. Gen. Thomas Hubbard 
spoke enthusiastically in the same strain. 
Physical exercises of every kind interested 
him, and especially did he wish to see boating 
placed on a firm basis at Bowdoin. It seemed 
a reproach to any College not to be repre- 
sented at Saratoga. He closed with an ear- 
nest appeal to the Alumni to aid the Boating 
Association. 

Among the interesting events of the day 
was the reading, by Commodore Bridge, of a 
letter which he had received from Mr. Haw- 
thorne about the time of graduation. It was 
the record of a wager between Mr. Hawthorne 
and Mr. Cilley ; the latter agreeing to furnish 
a barrel of Madeira wine if Hawthorne was 
married before Nov. 7th, 1836. When the 
seal was broken in that year, Mr. Cilley was 
notified of bis obligation, and was making 
arrangements to deliver the wine when killed 
by Graves. Hon. J. W. Bradbury made 
a stirring appeal to the Alumni and friends 
to aid the College out of its pecuniary 
embarrassment, ami announced a subscription 
uf |1500 from Him. J. ('<. Blaine. It was 
now after five o'clock, and after Dr. Cheever 
had proposed a vote of thanks to the mothers 
and wives who had been so •• patient in observ- 
ing thf works uf their own hands," the meet- 
in- adjourned. 



66 



BOWDOIN 0B1ENT. 



— Class Day has always been one of the 
pleasantest features of Commencement week. 
If it had been omitted, as seemed probable at 
one time, it would have been regretted not by 
the class alone, but by all interested in them. 

The faculty had allotted them Tuesday on 
which to hold it. A part of the class opposed 
this very strongly, a part acquiesced to the 
desire of the faculty, and others wished to 
have no Class Day at all. Owing to this 
condition of affairs no parts were written, no 
arrangements made, and no decision reached 
until Commencement week had actually 
arrived. Then it Avas voted to hold it on 
Friday, July 9th, in Lemont Hall. 

The day was beautiful, the hall well ven- 
tilated and not too crowded, and a better or 
more appreciative audience never assembled 
within its walls. Young ladies with their 
graduate brothers ; wives with their College 
husbands ; mothers, fathers, friends, all came 
to hear the special exercises of the class, 
which from their earnestness and fidelity gave 
a most interesting picture of inner College 
life. 

At about two o'clock the class ascended 
the stage, marshalled by Larrabee, and 
took their places on seats arranged on each 
side of the speaker's desk. The music was 
furnished by Chandler's Orchestra, and was 
very good indeed. The exercises were opened 
by a prayer offered by Hill, in which he in- 
voked the divine blessing upon the class and the 
occasion. After selections from the orchestra, 
President Carter introduced Swasey, avIio read 
the opening address. He referred to the sit- 
uation in which they were placed, and made 
a few necessary explanations. His address 
was well written and received good attention. 
The Chronicler, Curtis, followed the next 
music, and led the audience through a few of 
their College experiences. He imparted to 
them information, which perhaps was not 
altogether new, concerning some College mis- 
chief and the partakers thereof. He dwelt 



with fond remembrance upon their victories 
and good times, and hastened with careful 
tread over their defeats and quarrels. 

The Prophecy, by Standish, was the most 
hastily written of any of the parts. It was, 
however, very interesting, and hit upon the 
peculiarities of the men in a manner only 
appreciated by those who knew them. The 
Parting Address was delivered by Holmes. 
It was short and to the point, expressing most 
admirably the step they were about to take, and 
the relations which should exist between them 
in after life. After the literary exercises were 
thus concluded, the class arose to sing their 
Ode, by McPherson ; and then proceeded to 
Smoking the Pipe of Peace. The President 
lighted a huge pipe, the long stem of which 
was gaily decorated with the various society 
ribbons, and after a few whiffs passed it to 
his left. The trials and hardships of the un- 
iniated were hailed with shouts of laughter, 
while the veterans looked on with contempt 
and passed the bowl with a sigh of regret. 
Farewells and good wishes closed the after- 
noon, and the class adjourned until nine 
o'clock in the evening, when they assembled 
at a supper in Field's restaurant. 

The supper in the evening was, from all 
accounts, about the best ever given to a class 
in town. 

A class of twenty-three appeared for ex- 
amination, in the morning, and were admitted 
to the next Freshman class. 



— Never has a finer programme been pre- 
sented to a Brunswick audience, and seldom has 
a better audience been gathered to hear, than 
on Wednesday evening. The engagement of 
Miss Beebe, since it was the occasion of the 
introduction of the English glees, was the 
means of giving a very enjoyable variet}' to 
the programme. Miss Beebe was well re- 
ceived, as indeed she deserved to be. Her 
voice is clear and flexible, her manner good, 
and her taste generally unexceptionable. She 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



G7 



did particularly well in the part-songs, for 
which her voice is finely adapted. Miss Cary 
is Miss Cary, and to this title little can 
be added. Her careful and unwearying study 
insures not only success, hut a constantly in- 
creasing nicety of finish and fineness of ex- 
ecution. Her aria from Mignon was an 
example in point Operatic arias are apt to 
be given by concert singers in a manner either 
florid or flat. Miss Cary avoids both faults, 
and " Non Conosei" was given with depth and 
fire, and yet was not overstrained. "The 
Day is Done," she rendered in a way to make 
the venerable poet who sat in the audience 
feel proud, both for himself and the singer. 

Mr. Fessenden is not improving either in 
voice or method, and was hardly up to the 
standard in the glees. He has still, however. 
qualities which make him a most popular 
concert singer, and he was warmly received. 

Mr. Beckett's place is in the part-songs, 
and in these he did finely. 

The Philharmonics were as admirable as 
usual, and what is rare, the instrumental solos 
were genuine additions to the programme. 
Mr. Listemann played to satisfy himself rather 
than popular taste, and received a well merit- 
ed encore. 

Mr. Belz is remarkable for the richness 
and mellowness of his tones, and for the 
good taste of his selections and manner. 

The whole concert was a most flattering 
success, even in a pecuniary point of view. 



— On Tuesday night, June 29th, the class of 
77 assembled I'm- the performance of the last 
solemn rites and ceremonies in honor of their 
deceased friend, Anna Lytics. 

The terrible anxiety which they had frit 
for her welfare during her last illness of two 
long weeks, was now at an end, and the re- 
action thai followed was peculiar in its nature 
and effects. 

At half past nine the procession was 
formed and took up its solemn march to the 



Old Oak, followed by crowds of awe-struck 
Freshmen and " Yaggers." 

The literary exercises consisted of an 
eulogy and elegy, which were well suited to 
the occasion and accompanied by frequent 
groans and sobs from the assembled mourners. 
The procession then marched to the funeral 
pyre, where the "Lamentation'' was delivered 
and appropriate songs were sung. The pyre 
was then lighted, and amid the wild, unearthly 
3'ells of her followers, the last remains of 
Anna were hastily devoured by the flames. 

After the burial the class partook of a 
upper at Lemont Hall. Among the toasts 
offered were, " Our lamented sister, Anna 
Lytics," " Alma Mater" " The Faculty," 
" Our Glorious Class," " College Boating,*' 
" Base Ball," " Our absent Classmates," and 
" The Ladies who Wear the Green." which 
were responded to by Sherman, Chapman, 
Little, Roberts, Hargraves, Fuller, Seabury, 
and C. A. Perry, respectively. 

Thus was brought to a happy close the 
celebration of one of the most interesting of 
our College customs. 



— The exhibition given by the first class of 
proficients of Bowdoin College, was held in 
Lemont Hall, Tuesday evening, July 6th. 
There were a good many adverse circum- 
stances in connection with this exhibition, 
which would have made il a failure had not 
the most extraordinary pluck and perse\ tr- 
ance been shown by Mr. Sargent and those 
assisting him. The crew had left a few days 
previous, depriving them of three men, while 
two of the most prominent of the performers 
were detained at home by sickness, ks a 
consequence the "three-high" feature had to 
be omitted altogether, and men were placed in 
positions in which they had had little or no 
practice. For that reason \\ e think that, while 
the exhibition was certainly the lust ever 
given in Brunswick, the students deserve an 
extra amount of praise for their courage in 



68 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



daring to attempt it. As a matter of course 
there were a few mistakes and slips in the 
minor performances, but still not a single trick 
was attempted that was not performed. The 
greatest features, such as summersault between 
bars, aerial balancing, and the triple eschelle, 
were simply done to perfection. Not an un- 
pleasant thing occurred to mar the exhibition, 
and every thing was well received by an 
appreciative audience. It was an exhibition 
such as Bowdoin may well be proud of, and 
added a most interesting feature to the Com- 
mencement programme. 



— While we were walking in the quiet soli- 
tude of the McKeen woods the other day, 
we were suddenly startled from our medita- 
tions by a strange and unusual noise. Look- 
ing into the thicket we perceived the author 
of this disturbance, a robin, vigorously and 
frantically endeavoring to drive away a squir- 
rel who was hugely enjoying, to all appear- 
ances, the contents of the robin's nest. At 
first the squirrel refused to obey the rather 
unceremonious command to leave, but finally, 
evidently thinking discretion the greater part 
of valor, concluded to vacate the premises to 
the rightful owner. One would have thought 
the robin to have been satisfied with getting 
rid of her disagreeable visitor ; but no, she 
was determined to punish him effectually for 
his impertinence, and consequently chased 
him along the boughs, down the trunk of the 
tree, and along the ground up into another 
tree, all the while pecking at the poor fellow's 
head with irresistible and, as it proved, fatal 
fury, for after a short chase she ceased her 
screeches and quietly flew back to her nest, 
while we pressed our way into the bushes to 
endeavor to learn the fate of the squirrel, 
when down came the victim from the tree, 
falling at our feet. A short examination 
showed to us the power of an angry bird, 
even slight and frail as a robin, for his eyes 
she had picked out " one by one," and his 



nose and mouth were torn and bleeding by the 
furious pecking with which the robin mother 
had defended her nest. Never having heard 
ourselves of so remarkable a display of anger 
in any of our common birds, we thought it 
might be interesting to some of our readers. 
V^_ 

LOCAL. 

Good-bye, '75. 

" Got your ticket ? " 

The '76 ivy is thriving. 

Large class in prospectus. 

Next term begins on the 23d of Septem- 
ber. 

" How are you going to spend your 
vacation ? " 

Those writtens didn't amount to so much 
after all. 

They say " Jack " has filled up in a truly 
gorgeous style. 

Forty Seniors were present at the Bacca- 
laureate Sermon. 

At the examination for Bates'College ten 
men were admitted. 

Waitt, '76, pulled in the single-scull race 
on the 3d at Gardiner. 

The campus presents an appearance that 
Bowdoin may well be proud of. 

We hear that nearly the full amount of 
money has been raised to pay our Saratoga 
expenses. 

The next Field Day of the Bowdoin 
Athletic Association will be held on the 16th 
of October. 

1st Soph. — " Had the clock struck one 
when you came in last night, chum ? " 2d 
Soph. — " Yes, several." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



69 



We understand that there were six re- 
porters for the Bath Daily Times present at 
the Commencement Dinner. 

The Championship Pennant is about fif- 
teen feet long, with red border, and on a white 
ground in blue letters, " Championship, '75. : ' 

Mr. F. K. Smyth, Principal of the Bath High 
School last year, has been elected Tutor in 
Mathematics and Instructor of the Gymna- 
sium. 

We hope the " terminus ladies " will 
take a good long rest, so that they will be able 
to carry a broom up higher than the first 
flight. 

The- printed programmes of '77's Burial 
of Analytics command high premiums for 
memorabilia. There were only a hundred 
printed. 

Brunswick ! and thy dust we shall 
remember and think of thee when far away 
on sunny slopes or reclining under the shade 
of lofty trees. 

The Sophomores are happy in thinking 
that they will have a good comfortable front 
seat in church, next term, where they can 
take their so-called " Junior ease." 

Prof. White leaves us this Commencement. 
His relations with the students have always 
been of the kindliest nature, and there is not 
one who will not regret his departure. 

The crew left here July 2d, being the lust 
one to arrive at Saratoga. Probably by the 
time this issue is out we shall know for a 
certaint} r how they compare with the rest of 
their prompter competitors. 

Lol At length Bowdoin has received the 
Slate Championship Pennant. Lung may she 
hold it. As we are base ballists, let us show 
it to the neighboring towns and give them a 
chance to take it away, if they can. 

The Junior Prize Declamation took place 



in the Congregational church, July 5th. 
Ballard's Orchestra, of Lewiston, furnished 
music for the occasion. The first prize was 
awarded to Prince and the second to Perry. 
The speaking was very good indeed. 

The pictures of the Senior Class, taken 
by Warren of Boston, do not give as much 
satisfaction as might have been hoped. He 
ought to have picked out the best looking man 
in the class and taken him dressed up in differ- 
ent clothes. They would much rather be 
considered good looking than smart. 

The contest for the Brown prizes for ex- 
temporaneous writing took place in Cleave- 
land Hall, June "23d. About twenty applied 
their energies for an hour to the two following 
subjects : " What is the Aim of a College 
Education ? " " The Inequalities of Society." 
The first prize was awarded to W. G. Waitt 
on the first subject, and the second to Arlo 
Bates on the second subject. 

A Freshman reports that he handed an ex- 
cuse to his class officer, stating that on the 
preceding day he had been absent from 
afternoon recitation to have a tooth extracted. 
" But," said the officer, " I saw you riding 
with a young lady ; that's too thin." " O no, 
sir!" replied Fresh., "it's tooth out."' He 
is now on the first stage, where he will stay 
just long enough to cure him. " No pun ish 
ment at all," he and the Dutchman say. 

"Now Bill," we heard a graduate remark 
on coming into his old room, "don't you 
remember when you were a Freshman and I 
chased you round this very room with a hot 
poker. That was tin- term before you were 
suspended for thai Freshmen drunk. Those 
were warm old times! Why, don't you re- 
member?" "Well. well, that's different 
now you know." was the grave answer, as he 
beckoned to his son to go out, who had I'.eii 
standing an interested and not unpleased 
listener. 



70 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

Class of 1844. 

The Class of '44 held their reunion at the 
Falmouth Hotel, Portland, Friday, July 9th. 
Like all their reunions, it was a pleasant 
occasion. We understand that after dinner 
an excursion was made in Judge Goddard's 
yacht, the Laurel. The following record of 
the class has been kindly furnished us by the 
Secretary, H. G. Herrick, Esq. : — 

Geo. M. Adams, Clergyman, Holliston, 
Mass. 

Samuel J. Anderson, President of Portland 
and Ogdensburg R. R., Portland, Me. 

Albion K. P. Bradbury, Physician, Santa 
Barbara, Cal. 

Henry K. Bradbury, Lawyer, Hollis, Me. 

Chas. H. Colman, Merchant, Galena, 111. 

Henry K. Craig, Clergyman, Falmouth, 
Mass. 

Samuel Farnham, Farmer, Auburn, Me. 

Enoch P. Fessenden, Physician, Bucks- 
port, Me. 

Joseph Garland, Physician, Gloucester, 
Mass. 

Samuel F. Gibson, Lawyer, Bethel, Me. 

Chas. W. Goddard, late Judge of Superior 
Court, Portland, Me. 

John W. Goodwin, Manager American 
Bridge Co., Houston, Texas. 

James H. Hackleton, Teacher, Frederick, 
Md. 

David R. Hastings, Lawyer, Fryeburg, Me. 

Horatio G. Herrick, Sheriff of Essex Co., 
Lawrence, Mass. • 

Josiah Howes, Physician, Burlington, 
Iowa. 

Chas. W. Larrabee, Lawyer, Bath, Me. 

Joshua S. Palmer, Insurance Agent, Port- 
land Me. 

Josiah L. Pickard, Superintendent of In- 
struction, Chicago, 111. 



Nathaniel Pierce, Lawyer, Newburyport, 
Mass. 

Thos. J. W. Pray, Physician, Dover, N. H. 

Elias H. Sargent, Yarmouth, Me. 

Chas. E. Swan, Physician, Calais, Me. 

Arthur Swasey, D.D., Editor and Clergy- 
man, Chicago, 111. 

AVinthrop Tappan, in Europe. 

Win. W. Virgin, Justice Supreme Judicial 
Court of Me. 

Samuel M. Weston, Teacher, Boston, Mass. 

Horatio Q. Wheeler, Merchant, Portland, 
Me. 

Geo. S. Woodward, Insurance Business, 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Class of 1872. 

The Class of '72 held their reunion Thurs- 
day, July 8th, and elected officers for the 
ensuing year as follows : President, Heath ; 
Vice President, Wilder; Secretary, Bickford; 
Orator, Dow ; Poet, Frost ; Executive Com- 
mittee, Harris. A poem was read by Abbott 
amid great applause. Voted to hold a reunion 
next Commencement. 



THE BROWN LICHEN. 

With dusky lingers clinging to the stone, 
Through summer's languid days and lovely nights, 
Through autumn's chilluess and the spring's delights, 

The lichen lives in grimmest state, alone. 

The spicy summer breezes o'er it go, 
But from its nun -like breast wiu no perfume; 
Brown bees, gold-dusted, seek some flower's bloom, 

Nor pause above it, flitting to and fro. 

The snail glides over it with solemn pace; 
The cunning spider in it spins her snare ; 
But, be its tenants either foul or fair, 

The lichen naught is troubled in her place. 

The fays full oft in splendid state go by, 
And elfin laughter thrills through all the air, 
"What cheer, Dame Lichen, grave and debonair?" 

To them vouchsafes the lichen no reply. 

We pluck among the crannies of the stone 
The wild flowers, purple, golden, or sweet blue; 
But both in nature and in friendship too, 

We leave the grim brown lichen quite alone. 

Z. V. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 6, 1875. 



No. 7. 



A RETURX TO THE OLD COLLEGE AT 
BRUXSWICK.* 



By Isaac McLellan, Esq., '26. 



"Where'er o'er earth we tend, 
"Where'er, o'er seas remote, life's voyagings end, — 
Far in the blue Pacific, or away 
"Where Iceland's cliffs o'erhang the boiling spray, — 
Our hearts, dear home, will still return to thee; 
Return from foreign isle and distant sea, 
From Andes ranges, or Cordillera crests, 

Like sea-birds to their nests. 



The vast round orb of earth 
Hath no elysium like our place of birth ; 
Hath no enticements potent that can wean 
Our hearts from home and all its haunts serene. 
The gilded walls, the shining dome may rise, 
And luxury spread enchantments to the eyes; 
Still the low roof, o'ercauopied with leaves, 
Where piped the songful birds at morn and eves, 
Will fill our hearts and memories with a glow 
Soft as the flush that gilds the Alpine snow. 



Here is our classic Home ! 
Tho sweet, fair spot that years ago we sought, 
To gather lore, by ago and wisdom taught. 
Scenes of my youth ! with joyful step once more 
Your verdant paths and peaceful halls I tread; 
Once more on lovely Androscoggin's shore 
My willing feet to ancient scenes are led; 
Again we eomo thy borders to explore, 
And view thy wooded isles, with voices gay, 
And the bright sands that skirt thy bay. 



Dear scenes of youth ! These loving eyes o'erflow 

To seo ye all around me rise again: 

This path I tread I traversed long ago; 

The same deep wood, the same wide-spreading plain; 

Yonder the pines still heave their mournful sigh 

O'er tho green turf where sacred ashes rest; 

Yonder old walls, I once again descry, 



* Head by Prof. A. S. Packard at Commencement Dinner, July 
, 1875,— on the occasion of the Seml-Centeniilal of the Class of '25. 



Still rise to greet the young scholastic guest, 
And crown, with laurel -wreaths that may not die, 
The student's toilful quest. 



In these beloved shades, 
Where weave the towering pines their green arcades, 
I walked with friends that sleep now in the sod; 
But chief, dear Longfellow, with thee I trod 
These sylvan haunts, where first the flaming dart 
Of poesy divine sank deep into thy heart; 
"Where first was swept thy sweet, immortal lyre, 
And the young heart poured out across the wire. 
Though years, dear friend, have laid a wreath of snow 
O'er the brown locks that danced about thy brow, 
Yet warm as then still beats thy heart, dear friend, 

And will, till life shall end. 

J. S., JR. 

A light form, poised upon the brink 

Of waters running black as ink, 

"Was gone ere he could speak or think; 

The sullen tide 
Was bearing off a maiden's hair, 
That fringed a brow as frail and fair 
As e'er was clouded o'er with care. 

The waves divide, — 
A strong hand beats the water cold, — 
The swimmer's stroke is firm and bold. 
He grasps her sinking, and behold ! 

Borne side by side, 
They two will reach the distant pier; 
And, rescued from a watery bier, 
She'll love the man, and many a year 

Ah, woe betide! 
A man climbs up the pier alone, 
With sullen step and heart of stone. 
Another soul from earth has gone — 

A suicide ! 
"Why saved he not the woman's life, 
That hour in evil fortune rife? 
Because — he found it was his wife, 

So turned aside. w. s. d. 



The hot suns of summer seem to have 
somewhat wilted '76's Ivy. We hope to see 
it climbing the chapel's side, but not before 
many years. 



74 



BQWDOIN ORIENT. 



CONCISENESS OF STYLE. 

It is said that a certain French writer, re- 
markable for conciseness of style, in a letter 
to a friend which he had made rather longer 
than usual, apologized for its prolixity by 
saying that he had not time to write a 
shorter. 

To say much in a few words is certainly a 
great excellence, and at the same time a great 
difficulty. The mind naturally dwells on a 
strong conception, views it on every side, and 
expresses it in a great variety of ways ; but 
the amplification of a sentence, though it may 
add to its perspicuity, often diminishes its 
force ; as scattered sunbeams diffuse only a 
gentle heat, but are able to burn when col- 
lected in a focus. There are many writers 
whose only aim appears to be to express their 
views in the greatest number of words and 
forms which they can invent. Amplification 
occupies their whole attention, while con- 
densation is treated as a thing of minor im- 
portance. 

Such productions will scarcely repay any- 
thing more than a hasty perusal. One is 
naturally led to think that the writers of 
them are conscious of the weakness of their 
ideas, and strive to conceal that weakness by 
a resort to diffuseness of expression. On the 
other hand, the writer who labors to express 
his thoughts in the most concise manner pos- 
sible, without obscurity, gains our admiration 
and esteem. He can hardly fail to interest 
even the careless reader. In fact, one of the 
most pleasing and powerful effects of concise- 
ness is the pleasure which a reader finds in 
having something left for his own sagacity to 
discover. A painting in which everything is 
brought into an undisguised, glaring repre- 
sentation, fails to arouse feelings of admira- 
tion. There is a concealment and shading, 
which sets off more beautifully and displays 
more clearly many of its most charming fea- 
tures. Precisely so it is in written produc- 
tions. The mind eagerly grasps at a hint, 



and delights to enlarge upon it and discover 
its bearing upon the point at issue ; but 
scanty is the enjoyment of perusing or listen- 
ing to those productions whose authors have 
labored to bring everything into such perspi- 
cuity that the mind has nothing left to do. 
Tilings may be too obvious to attract atten- 
tion. The sun, moon, and stars roll over our 
heads every day without attracting our spe- 
cial notice ; but we survey with eager curios- 
ity a comet, an eclipse, or any other phenom- 
enon in nature. Military harangues derive 
their chief beauty and power from an ex- 
pressive brevity. In the histories of Livy 
instances abound where armies were incited 
to rush on to battle and death by a few short 
sentences uttered by their generals. But 
history scarcely records a more striking in- 
stance than that of a French king who thus 
addressed his soldiers immediately before an 
attack : "I am your general — you are French- 
men — there are the enemy." Such a general, 
if he did not gain the victory, at least de- 
served it. Those who have traveled say that 
the Frenchman differs much from the English- 
man as regards conciseness. The former, in 
the profusion of his politeness, makes many 
offers which he expects will be refused ; and 
should you really stand in need of his assist- 
ance, it is a doubt whether he will give him- 
self much trouble to help you out of your 
difficulty. The latter will aid you secretly, 
and appear annoyed at the expression of your 
gratitude. The former will overwhelm you 
with professions of friendship, without the 
least real regard ; the latter will be surly, and 
at the same time exert himself to soothe your 
sorrpws and relieve your wants. Bluntness 
is said to be one of the characteristics of the 
English, and as such is accepted as a natural 
consequence of their sincerity. In modern 
tragedy we find the heroes and heroines ex- 
pressing their grief in pompous declamation ; 
but notwithstanding the studied vehemence 
and unnatural grandeur of their lengthened 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



lb 



periods, the -audience often sit unmoved, or 
are more disposed to smile than weep. But 
in the (Edipus Tyrannus of Sophocles, Jo- 
casta, when she discovers her own and her 
husband's condition, as deplorable as could 
well be conceived, retires from the stage ut- 
tering only these words : "Alas! alas! wretch- 
ed man that thou art, — this only can 1 say to 
thee — henceforth forever silent." 



THE ASSYRIAN SLABS. 

Perhaps many of our readers have been 
curious to learn the history of the Assyrian 
slabs in the vestibule of the library, and their 
date. They were procured for the College 
through the kindness of Dr. Henry B. Has- 
kell, a graduate of the Medical School, 1835, 
who was in the service of the American Board 
of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, as 
physician to their station at Mosul, directly 
opposite the site of Nineveh. This gentleman 
wrote to Prof. Cleaveland, offering to obtain 
the slabs and to see to their transportation, if 
the College would pay the expenses of freight. 
The College consented, and they were floated 
down the Tigris on rafts of skins to Bassora. 
After a delay of a year they were shipped to 
Bombay on vessels of the same pattern as 
those used in the time of Alexander the 
Great, and thence were conveyed to New 
York. The whole expense to the College 
was about ftolo. 

The slabs came from the palace of Assur- 
Nagir-Pal at Nimrad, and the date assigned 
to them is about 750 B.C. The classical stu- 
dent will immediately associate this date with 
that of the founding of Rome, in 753 b.c. It 
is a curious fact that all the slabs in this coun- 
try are from the same palace, and the inscrip- 
tions on them are identical. A few months 
ago a translation was made by the Rev. Selah 
Merrill of Andover, Mass.; at his request a 
copy was suspended on one of the slabs, but 
it has recently disappeared. It is matter of 



interest to every student that it should re- 
main where all can have access to it, and we 
fail to see what desire of mischief can be 
gratified bv removing; it. 



College life is full of strange actions, and 
not among the least of these is to see a feeble 
youth, bent down with hard study, tugging a 
heavy pail of water up three flights of stairs, 
just to throw it out of the window at a luck- 
less Freshman. 

The following officers were elected at the 
Bowdoin Boating Association meeting; : Com- 
modore, O. C. Stevens; Vice Commodore, F. 
H. Crocker ; Treasurer, Prof. F. K. Smythe ; 
Asst. Treas., P. L. Paine ; Secretary, A. M. 
Sherman ; Directors, Geo. Parsons, R. E. Peary, 
John M. Burleigh, with the Commodore and 
Captain of the crew, who is to be elected hj 
the crew, ex-officio. 

The officers elected at the annual Base- 
Ball meeting of the Bowdoin Association, are 
as follows : President, F. C. Pa} - son ; 1st Vice 
President, W. Alden ; 2d Vice President, D. 
B. Fuller; 3d Vice President, B. Potter; 
Secretary, C. E. Cobb ; Treasurer, P. G. 
Brown ; Assistant Treasurer, W. W. French ; 
Directors, A. T. Parker, W. T. Cobb, W. G. 
Beale ; Scorer, P. H. Ingalls ; Captain, 
Alpheus Sanford. 

The readers of the Orient may recollect 
that during the spring the first game of a 
chess match with players in Kingston, Mass., 
was published in this paper. The second and 
last game, in which also Bowdoin was victo- 
rious, was concluded June 21st. Both games 
were conducted by Black and S. C. Whitmore 
of '75, for the Bowdoin Chess Club. The 
time occupied in playing this game was 188 
days. The game of chess between Dart- 
mouth and Bowdoin was finished during the 
summer vacation, bj' the resignation of Dart- 
mouth on the 35th move. 



76 



BO WD OIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE TEAK, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications tp Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 7.— October 6, 1875. 

A Keturn to the Old College at Brunswick 73 

J. S.,Jr 73 

Conciseness of Style 74 

The Assyrian Slabs 75 

Editorial Notes 76 

Local 79 

Alumni Notes 80 

Editors' Table 81 

Filchings 82 



EDITORIAL NOTES.- 



( 



All subscribers will please forward their 
subscriptions immediately, as we are in 
need of the money. Do not fail to 
attend to this at once. 



) 



This number of the Orient will be sent 
to every member of '79, and the following 
numbers also, unless notice is given to discon- 
tinue. The price for the remainder of the 
volume will be one dollar and a-half. Back 
numbers furnished for fifty cents. 



The College year is once more fairly begun, 



and we rejoice that its promise is so good. 
The fact that $100,000 has been added to the 
endowment fund is in itself most encouraging, 
and there is every reason to hope that the 
fund will be still further increased. Part of 
the sum named is for the founding of a Long- 
fellow Professorship of Modern Languages, 
and part has been appropriated to the support 
of the chair of Greek. The changes in the 
Faculty are not numerous. We think with 
deep regret of the loss of Profs. Sewall and 
White and Mr. Sargent. Prof. Chapman has 
left the chair of Latin, which he has so ably 
filled, for that of ' Rhetoric ; and the former is 
still vacant. Its duties are at present per- 
formed by Mr. A. H. Davis, who has been 
appointed Provisional Instructor in Latin. 
Mr. F. K. Smythe has charge of the Gymna- 
sium, and will undoubtedly be a popular in- 
structor. The Gymnastic department was 
already so perfectly organized that little was 
left to be wished for in that line. 



And this brings us to the students. Timid 
Freshmen, bloodthirsty Sophomores, mag- 
nanimous Juniors, and dignified Seniors, have 
gathered about Alma Mater to begin a new 
year for pleasure or pain, folly or profit. The 
Orient gives to all greeting ; and from the 
bottom of a not unkindly editorial heart, 
hopes that profit and pleasure will, at least, 
preponderate, and the incoming year be a 
fruitful and happy one. Nor does it intend 
to offer unasked the good advice which might 
be spoken, and perhaps pertinently ; for the 
Orient is sure that every one must be already 
fully aware how entirely the nature and the 
fruits of the year are a matter of personal 
choice, and that all intend to make a wise 
election. May the good resolves and the 
vows of earnest work which are made at the 
beginning of the year be remembered at the 
end of it, not by vain regrets over empty 
garners, but by the harvesting of well-ripened 
sheaves. 



B0WB01N ORIENT. 



77 



" And the sound of the tack hammer is heard in 
the land." — The Dartmouth. 

The fitting up of rooms has gone rapidly 
and satisfactorily forward, and already nearly 
everybody is comfortably settled in winter 
quarters. It is interesting for one of an 
observing turn of mind to notice the expres- 
sion of character in the fitting up of rooms. 
The occupant can not help leaving the impress 
of his character upon his room, any more 
than a mollusk can avoid leaving a record of 
his nature and habits in his shell. 

Every variety of ornament, and ingenious 
device for comfort and convenience, may be 
found here. One has taken the legs of a 
chair whose seat, alas! long since went for 
kindling wood, and by simply nailing one leg 
against the wall, has a towel rack at once 
novel and convenient. Another has stuffed 
two discarded suits of uniform, and orna- 
mented his room with the effigies of two of 
the late far-famed " Bowdoin Cadets." Still 
a third has an owl and a skull " above his 
chamber door." 

The class to which a student belongs may 
be quite accurately decided from his room. 
There is an uncertainty of arrangement, a 
mingling of old furniture with new, in a 
Freshman's domicile. Patent medicine alma- 
nacs and enormous posters are apt to be 
abundant. The room has, too, a cold look, 
as if a continual apprehension of duckings 
and hazings had become chronic, not only 
with the unhappy Fresh., but even with the 
room itself. 

His Sophomore neighbor, next door, has a 
room which always has the appearance of 
having been "rudely blown upon by nocturnal 
gales." Horns and masks are conspicuousl}' 
displayed with such trophies as the daring 
young braves may have captured from luck- 
less Freshmen. There is an ostentatious odor 
of stale tobacco in the air, as if some one had 
been offering tine-cut upon a hot fire-shovel 
to Bacchus, who, we take it, must be the god 



of " Bacca." This odor, and various bottles 
placed in prominent positions, give to the 
unprejudiced observer the impression that 
the Sophomore's chief end and aim in life is 
to be considered " tough " and " hard." 

Only step over to the Junior's room and 
the odor of the weed becomes as intense as 
the mellow coloring of a fine old meerschaum. 
Things have, in general, a quieter look, 
although pictures of soubrettes in question- 
able and impossible poses and costumes, have 
replaced the almanacs. The dust has settled 
thickly upon the horns and masks classically 
grouped above the door. The easy chairs are 
mostly broken, and the room is evidently 
arranged more for use than for show. 

The Senior has cast aside childish follies, 
and consigned the mementoes of Sophomoric 
raids to the murky depths of the coal closet. 
Books are scattered over the table and often 
the floor also. An enormous waste-basket 
contains the first plan of his immortal prize 
essay, and perhaps an attempt at his '68 part. 
There, too, may be found the first copies of 
his poetical effusions, which have modestly 
shown themselves in the poets' corners of 
sundry country newspapers. The Senior has 
a tender place in his heart for his room, for he 
can not forget that it is his last home in Col- 
lege. And so we, boj'S of '76, reminded of 
the brevity of time, leave this idle scribbling 
to enjoy, while we may, that place of so many 
deep memories — our own College room. 



Having occasion to refer to Webster's 
Unabridged the other day, it became neces- 
sary, in order to find that important work, to 
explore the various mounds of dust gathered 
upon our table. The disagreeable nature of 
our task in opening these tumuli, caused us 
to fall into profound meditations upon the 
care of college rooms. 

We have been greatly interested in watch- 
ing the maneuvers of the terminus-lady who, 
for a pecuniary consideration, has a general 



78 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



oversight of the dormitories. The gradual 
development of her system of procedure 
has been an epitome of all human progress. 
At the outset of her career she really had a 
sort of care for the rooms. She sometimes 
went so far as to sweep, and to dust after- 
ward. There are vague traditions of a 
terminus-lady who used to wash the oil-cloth ; 
but such a being, if indeed she ever existed, 
was pre-historic, and nothing definite can be 
ascertained of either her age or history ; 
tradition says she broke her heart for love of 
a Freshman. 

But, to return. The sweepings of our 
terminus-lady became fewer and fewer, and 
soon were confined to the occasional flirting 
of the broom about the centre-table. The 
next step was to sweep with the broom-handle 
like the enchanted princess in the German 
fairy tale. After this there was obviously 
nothing left but to omit the use of the broom 
altogether, and to confine attention exclu- 
sively to the cluster. Generally her care ex- 
pended itself upon some article of furniture. 
In one room we wot of, a lounge became 
the favored object of her care. Several times 
each week she swept her duster from One end 
of this lounge to the other, and then retired 
with the proud consciousness of having done 
her whole duty. 

It was about this time that she began to 
sweep the stairways with great vigor. Who- 
ever attempted to reach his room on leaving 
prayers, was assailed hy a cloud of dust and 
ashes, which drove back all but the most 
stout-hearted. It was currently reported and 
believed that the Faculty had employed the 
terminus-lady to keep students from cutting 
by preventing them from returning to their 
rooms. 

The manner of dusting now in vogue is 
as beautiful as it is ingenious and simple. Once 
each week the terminus-lady pulls a feather 
from her duster and deposits it upon the 
table or floor; the unhappy occupant of the 



room being expected to believe that his domi- 
cile has been dusted. 

Once each week we chase a lively ma- 
genta feather about over our carpet, sighing 
as we throw it into the fire : " Dust to dust, 
ashes to ashes, — but never expect an end- 
woman to take care of a room ! " 



Whatever we may say, or whatever" we 
sometimes may delude ourselves into thinking 
we believe, we are most of us at heart loyal 
to Alma Hater, and it is unfortunate that we 
are so often betrayed into saying disloyal 
things. We foolishly allow ourselves, half in 
pique and half in jest, to say hard and cutting 
words of the absurdities and injustice of the 
action of the Faculty ; the discipline ; the 
changes in the course ; in short, about what, 
in student parlance, has been forcibly but 
somewhat profanely described as "the general 
cussedness of things." Most of us have our 
personal grievances, and all but a small and 
honorable class of straightforward men are 
apt to look upon ourselves as personally and 
grossly wronged by the Faculty. But in 
these rare moments when we are honest with 
ourselves, we are very sure to find that much 
of our bluster is but the attempt to drown the 
consciousness of our own shortcomings. 
Many things which we would fain believe 
independent and frank-hearted, do seem much 
like what in other mortals would be called 
obstinacy and folly. 

Our Faculty may sometimes show an un- 
pleasant amount of human flesh and blood, 
but few Faculties are immaculate. Our Col- 
lege, too, is certainly not wealthy, but few 
are so sturdily independent. The bitterness 
of students, and even Alumni, towards Alma 
Mater is at once fatal to her and disgraceful 
to them. Take it in any way you please, 
every man gets more from a College than he 
gives an equivalent for while a student. The 
mere paying of term-bills is but a trifle when 
one comes to think of the efforts which have 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



70 



given Bowdoin a prestige that makes her 
diploma of value ; that have erected buildings, 
collected cabinets and libraries, founded pro- 
fessorships, and in short made the College 
what it is. And when the patient toil of many 
3 r ears has prepared our Alma Mater for us, 
shall we be so ungrateful and unmanly as to 
revile her because she has not given us differ- 
ent gifts, or in a different way ? 

LOCAL. 

" Present ! " 

Seniors now. 

" Lights out." 

" Take your ease, Juniors." 

" Glad to see you back again." 

Sleeper, of '78, has gone to Amherst. 

"No speech. No sing. Give me pump ! " 

Is it always spring in the "land of Thor?" 

The Freshman Class numbers twenty-nine. 

A. J. Shaw of Auburn, has been admitted 
to '78. 

" Blow your horns and make a joyful 
noise." 

The Freshman class seems to contain some 
good base-ball players. 

R. R. B. has united himself to one of 
M — th's lovely daughters. 

He was 3'oung, he was fat, but the Soph- 
omores filled his hat — full of water. 

Instructor Chandler, formerly Tutor, is to 
hear the Seniors in Geology this term. 

" Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away Am- 
bition!" "Ambition is a vice," he should 
have said. 

We sincerely regretted to hear of the 
death of Frank Dyer, of '78, soon after leav- 
ing College. 



The scientific Seniors are very much dis- 
appointed in being obliged to recite in the 
afternoon. 

A Soph, was recently overheard explain- 
ing to a young lady that the scientific name 
for " eye-teeth" is " biceps." 

The long-forgotten but now remembered 
" Bones " has honored us with his presence 
for a few days. He wanted to see "some of 
the boys." 

We hear that Crooker, formerly catcher 
on the Resolutes of Portland, is to enter Col- 
lege as a special student in Chemistry and 
Engineering. 

Scene at the Tontine: Waitress — "Roast 
beef or lamb?" Student — "Roast beef." 
Waitress — " On a side dish or large plate ? " 
Student — "No, mum." 

The great billiard palace is now, as ever, 
thrown open to the public down town. A 
new assortment of stick-candy has been added 
to its many attractions. 

A Soph, who has received a quantity of 
ragged hose from his washerwoman wants to 
know "if a 'hol(e)y understanding' is con- 
ducive to a 'spiritual walk"?" 

A young mother down town says that if 
Solomon had seen her George Washington sit 
down on her fall bonnet, he would never have 
said there was "no new thing under the sun." 

When Longfellow wrote 

" Dust thou art, U> dust returnest," 
he must have had in mind the classic streets 
of Brunswick as they appear to one returning 
after the summer vacation. 

We understand that if all the money that 
has been subscribed to boating can be col- 
lected, there will be enough to pay all the 
expenses of the crew at Saratoga. Those 
who owe anything to the subscription paper 
ought to settle it at once. 



80 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Since our return the College campus has 
been a most lovely sight. The maple trees 
have been remarkably fine in their coloring, 
and, intermixed with the lindens, the maples 
have a peculiar beautj^. 

'Twas a sad disappointment not to hear at 
our first Sunday service the usual sermon on 
" fishing." This is not right ; when we come 
back we like to have everything natural, or, 
if changed, for the better. 

An irreverent Soph, reports as a vacation 
experience a visit to a country prayer-meet- 
ing. Among others, an old man arose and 
solemnly urged the young people present " to 
live as they'd wish they had when they came 
to stand around their dying bed ! " 

The old Electric B. B. C. of Brunswick 
has been re-organized this summer. They 
have adopted a very pretty suit of grey, 
trimmed with green, and green stockings. It 
will be an excellent thing for the College 
Nine to have such a nine to practice with. 

The recitations at the beginning of the 
term were some of them postponed on account 
of the non-arrival of books. Sufficient notice 
must have been given to the bookseller, and 
if he can not ensure punctuality the orders 
ought to be given to one of the students who 
will make it an object to be prompt and also 
to be reasonable in his prices. 

It is curious to notice how soon the Fresh- 
men acquire that art of canting their eyes 
upward, without appearing to be on the watch, 
as they go along the paths by the halls. It 
takes them but a short time to detect the 
sound of raising windows from any ordinary 
noise, either because they have higher ears, 
or because they hear it oftener than any other. 
With what a self-satisfied smile does he escape 
the softly falling water, or with what a look 
of ill-concealed disgust does he walk back to 
his room to change his coat after indulging in 
a provisional shower. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

'45. — Rev. Lewis Goodrich, formerly of 
Auburn, has received and accepted a call from 
the Second Congregational Church in Warren. 

'53. — Wm. Carruthers is pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Calais, Me. 

'53. — Henry R. Downes is a lawyer in 
Presque Isle, Me. 

'53. — Wm. H. Todd is practicing medicine 
in St. Stephen, N. B. 

'54. — Rev. Wm. P. Tucker has resigned 
the rectorship of St. Augustine College, 
Benicia, Cal. 

'54. — Chas. F. Todd is engaged in the 
lumber business in St. Stephen, N. B. 

'56. — Enos T. Luce is practicing law in 
Boston. Office at Old State House, Room 14. 

'57 — Edwin B. Smith, late Reporter of 
Decisions of the Supreme Court of this State, 
has been appointed 1st Asst. Attorney Gen- 
eral of the U. S. 

'60. — Mr. A. H. Davis has been appointed 
Professor of Latin in Bowdoin College. 

'62. — Almon Goodwin is a member of the 
law firm of Hall, Vanderpool & Co., New 
York City. 

'62. — Rev. C. H. Pope, who has been 
spending his vacation at the East, passed 
through town last week, on his way back to 
Oakland, Cal., where he will be installed 
pastor over the second Congregational Church. 

'66. — Chas. A. Boardman is in business 
in Warren, Penn. 

'68. — L. S. Ham has accepted the position 
of Principal of Litchfield Academy, Litch- 
field, Me. 

'69. — Frederic H. Boardman is engaged 
in the lumber business at Calais, Me. 

'69. — Albert Woodside, M.D., was recently 
married to Miss Alice Hunt of Brunswick. 
Dr. Woodside's address is Tennant's Island, 
Me. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



81 



'71. — W. E. Holmes is farming in Oxford, 
Me. 

'72. — In the notice of the reunion of the 
class of '72, in the last numberof the Orient, 
we omitted to state that the class cup was 
voted to the daughter of A. V. Ackley. 
Ackley has been keeping a summer hotel on 
Peak's Island. 

'73.— A. G. Ladd is Principal of the High 
School at Farmington Falls, Me. 

73.—F. S. Whitehouge has entered the 
Cambridge Law School. 

'74. — S. V. Cole is teaching the High 
School, Bath, Me. 

'74. — A. L. Peny was recently admitted 
to the bar in Augusta. 

Class of 1875. 

R. R. Baston was recently married to Miss 
Lucy Ellen Edwards of Monmouth. Baston 
has accepted the position of General Agent 
in Montreal for J. B. Ford & Co. 

F. O. Baston is teaching the North Ber- 
wick High School. 

Geo. C. Cressey is Assistant in Mathe- 
matics in the Bath High School. 

W. J. Curtis is City Editor of the Bangor 
Whig and Courier. 

C. A. Dorr is Principal of High School at 
Lisbon, Me. 

E. H. Hall is Principal of Bethel Acadenry, 
Bethel, Me. 

W. E. Hatch is teaching school in North 
Shapleigh, Me. 

E. S. Osgood is a reporter on the Eastern 
Argun. 

N. M. Pettengill is teaching in Martins- 
burg, 111. 

We learn that D. A. Sargent has recovered 
from his dangerous fall from a horizontal bar. 

P. P. Simmons is teaching a High School 
in Mendon, Mass. 

F. B. Osgood is studying law in Frye- 
burg, Me. 



EDITOR,? TABLE. 



And after vacation — exchanges! We found a 
double armful awaiting us on our return to Bow- 
doin, and although all were of course "heartily 
welcome," &c, we did wish there were not more 
than half so many of them. However, the pile is 
once more cleared away, and the Table ready for a 
new (but gradual !) supply. It is singular to notice 
how little change a new board of editors makes in 
the general tone of a college paper. This may be 
owing to the fact that a college publication is 
stamped with the personality, not of its individual 
editors, but of the institution which it represents. 
College criticism is not at its best likely to prove a 
means of very valuable literary improvement ; but 
it is a pleasant way for editors to exchange thoughts 
and opinions, or to give one another an occasional 
sly nudge, in a sort of half-confidential way only 
possible in the exchange column. An exchange 
editor finds it so difficult to hit upon any recognized 
criterion in college journalism, that he is generally 
reduced to the expedient of pleasing himself if he 
can, and letting others be pleased or displeased, ac- 
cording to their fancy. 

By some strange chance the heaviest of the pile 
of exchanges came to the top, and we opened the 
Vassar Mis. to an article headed " Profundity or 
Versatility ? " The first sentence caught our eye : 
" Looking up the dim avenues of the ages toward 
the mystical temple of Art." When a young wo- 
man begins by " looking up the dim avenues of the 
ages," there is no knowing where she will end, so 
we turned to the next article, " Profundity or Ver- 
satility ?" We laid the Mis. away, but we pondered 
deeply. Positively the idea was new to us, but we 
took it in at a glance. " You pays your money and 
you takes your choice ! " That's it ! If the reader 
is not satisfied with the views of the first writer, he 
has only to read the second. The plan would work 
admirably for a political paper which wished occa- 
sionally to shift its ground. But who save a woman 
would ever have thought of it ? 

The Owl is extremely sensitive in regard to its 
name; and in a bitter and sarcastic note, headed 
'• Inanities of Criticism," it seems to have attempted 
the complete annihilation of the Univ. Review. 
" Among the new styles of criticism," saitli the 
Old, " which the present rapid development of col- 
lege literature brings, like scum, to the surface, ' the 
inane style ' is undoubtedly the most appropriate 
Dame for that to which we are about to refer." It 



82 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



goes on to define " inane criticism" as punning on 
the name of the Owl ! The Oriexx is next soundly 
rated, all in a little note by itself, as distinguished 
for its " inane impertinence." We confess that we 
are quite overwhelmed, but we can not help being 
glad it was not utter stupidity which distinguished 
us, as is the case with the Owl. 

The Oberlin Review notes the completion of the 
$100,000 subscription, and naively remarks: "The 
principal of the fund is never to be impaired, and 
the annual income will be sufficient, with the receipts 
from students, to meet the current expenses." The 
Bevieiv evidently labors under the impression that 
Bowdoin has hitherto had no fund, but has depended 
entirely on the "receipts from students, to meet 
current expenses." 

The Yale Courant gives the following unpleasing 
picture of the morals of some of the last class 
there : — 

"Two recent graduates before leaving New 
Haven exhibited financial shrewdness to an extent 
hitherto unheard of in this institution. One sold 
his effects twice over to some Freshmen, collected 
one hundred and twenty dollars on the sales, and 
left town before the sheriff attached his property in 
the interest of still other parties. The other genius 
disposed of his carpet at a respectable price, received 
payment, and sloped just in time to escape the sheriff 
and the impecunious ravings of an African washer- 
woman." 

The Tale Record concludes an appeal headed 
" A Yawp to the Freshmen," as follows : — 

" Whatever you think, blow vigorously and con- 
stantly for Yale. Pass over its faults if you possibly 
find any. The Record sincerely hopes that you will 
furnish men for boating and ball, that you will 
heartily support the best interests of the college, 
and that your class may, at graduation, have a bet- 
ter prospect in life than the one which has just 
stepped out, one-half of whom are about to enter 
the ministry, and the other half sit idle seeing noth- 
ing to do, unless by some strange course of events 
cigarette rolling becomes a profession." 

All this has deeply impressed upon our minds 
the honor of graduating at Yale ; but we have no 
difficulty in understanding how such a result is 
brought about when we read bits like this from the 
Courant : — 

" At the commons the other night they had 
oyster soup. A Sheffite coming in looks medita- 
tively at his plate and says : ' This is austere soup.' 
A deep and heartfelt groan breaks from the capacious 
chests of Sheff s most prominent boating men." 

Men who will perpetrate such puns will do any- 
thing. 



FILOHINGS. 

Question by a Junior : What did the son 
say when his father was killed on a Buffalo 
hunt? "Thus fur and no father." — Nia. 
Index. 

Lot's wife wouldn't have looked back, but 
a woman with a new dress passed her and she 
wanted to see if the back breadth was ruffled. 
— Southbridge Jour. 

A member of the Geology class thinks 
each eye of the tfilobite was composed of 
from 40 to 6000 faucets. (Quite a weeping 
animal.) — H. 8. Monthly. 

A Junior, after losing all his 'spare change 
at pitching pennies, said : " Did you think I 
was playing for keeps?" Winner — "Judg- 
ing from the amount you kept, I should say 
not." — Era. 

Susan B. Anthony says male is only an 
incorrect way of spelling " mule." Any 
schoolboy knows that if male is '■'•mule" fe- 
male is mulier. — Olio. 

"Professor," said a bright Freshman, the 
other day, "I have found classical authority 
for 'ponying.'" Prof. — "Have you, indeed ! 
Let me hear it." Fresh. — "Horace says, 
pone me." — Dartmouth. 

A "Rev." Senior has discovered, after dil- 
igently "searching the Scriptures," that the 
present system of demerits and its resultant 
phenomena are not only just, but have the sanc- 
tion of a text: "Of course a man who vio- 
lates the laws of ' this and all similar institu- 
tions ' is a heretic, and doesn't Paul say, 'A 
man who is a heretic, after the first and sec- 
ond admonition, reject.'" — Titus iii. 10. — 
Coll. Argus. 

i, %, iUMiw sow & ®o„ 
College Fraternity Bates, Keys, and Meflals, 

No. 10 Plain St., ALBANY, N. Y. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 20, 1875. 



No. 8. 



LOVE SONGS. 



In darkest night, the seeker knows, 
By sweet perfume, where blooms the rose: 
So sweet about the loved one fair 
Breathes a rich presence everj-where. 

In darkest night, by silvery fall 
Of tinkling drops, the fountains call; 
But by more softly thrilling tone 
And deeper sigh, the maid is known. 



Ah, Love ! be like the rose, 
Who, whatsoever time he comes to greet, 
Gives to the nightingale her perfume sweet. 

Dearest, be like the rose ! 

Love, be not like the rose; 
That to each comer, whosoe'er he be, 
Unveils her breast that he her beauty see. 

Ah, be not like the rose ! 

Sweetest, be like a star, 
That purely in its golden fairness glows, 
And in the moonless night most radiant shows. 

Fairest, be like a star ! 

Yet be not as a star, 
That in the gloom of tempests may be lost, 
And fail the wanderer when most wildly tossed. 

Love, be not like a star! 

Be e'er thyself, my Love ! 
Loving me only as I love but thee, 
Thy beauty and thy radiance! all for Dae; 

si ill be thyself, sweet Lovo ! 



While stars above thee glow, 
And (be red moon sinks low 
lulu the dusky sea; 
Night visions come and go : 
Dearest, in dreaming so 
Dream'st thou who loveth thee I 

Weirdly the night-bird sings, 
Sailing on silent wings 
Over the dewy lea ; 
Her note a rapture brings ; 



Sweetest, with heavenly things 
Dream'st thou who loveth thee ? 

Deep longing fills his breast; 
Knows he not sleep nor rest, 
Severed as now from thee ; 
Fairest one, loved the best, 
"Were the sweet truth confessed, 
Dream'st thou who loveth thee ? 



In the hnsh of the morn, before the suu, 

I waken to think of thee ; 
And all the sweet day thus begun 

As hallowed seems to be. 

In the holy repose the morning star 
"With trembling awaits the sun, 

And thus my heart, if near or far, 
Awaits thee, sweetest one. 

In a golden ecstasy of bliss 

The fair morning-star will die ; 

But I, immortal by thy kiss, 
Live but when thou art nigh. 



The Gymnasium, under the charge of Tu- 
tor Smythe, will be conducted on the same 
plan as formerly, with the exception that there 
will be no class captains. Each class has two 
leaders, as follows : Seniors — Andrews and 
Kimball. Juniors — Kimball and Morrill. 
Sophomores — Nickerson and Ingalls. Fresh- 
men — Perry and Cobb. The class of profi- 
cients has not yet been fully organized, but 
they will soon go into regular practice in 
preparation for the exhibition to be given at 
the end of the year. A number of new clubs 
have been added to the stock already in the 
Gymnasium, and a new box has been made 
for clubs. This box is divided into compart- 
ments numbered to correspond with numbers 
on the clubs. Each leader is required to see 
thai his men put their clubs in the right places. 



86 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



NOVELS. 

The prejudice which formerly existed 
against novels has in the last half century 
been rapidly decreasing ; and the usefulness 
of fiction is now admitted, at least by those 
of the highest culture. The reason of this is 
obvious when we compare the fictitious works 
of to-day with the earlier productions. In 
their earlier stage novels abounded in obscen- 
ity and licentiousness to such a degree that 
they could not be tolerated by pure-minded 
people. The aim was not to elevate virtue 
and put down vice, but seems rather to have 
been to make vice more attractive than virtue. 
Succeeding this period of licentiousness was 
a period in which insipid sentimentality, 
superior in no respect to the vulgarity of the 
preceding age, was the leading element. It 
was through literature of these classes that 
novel reading fell into such bad repute. To 
Scott we owe the dissipation of these styles 
of writing and the establishment of the novel 
on a firmer and more worthy basis. He dis- 
carded both vulgarity and sentimentalism, and 
gave prominence to virtue and morality. His 
aim seems to have been to elevate and excite 
the reader to higher action ; to cause him, by 
the contemplation of noble characters, to seek 
also in his own life the higher and more noble. 

He also opened to the novel a new field, 
causing it, to a certain extent, to take the place 
of history. From historical novels we can 
obtain a more intimate knowledge of the man- 
ners and customs of a people than in any 
other way. We are introduced as it were to 
the inner life of the people ; all the details 
and minutiae of the household, the customs of 
society, and the habits of thought are pictured 
out ; and we obtain a more thorough idea of 
the condition of a people than could be 
obtained from any history. From Scott's 
novels, for example, we derive nearly all our 
knowledge relating to the customs and man- 
ners existing in England in the times of which 
they treat. 



It is true that most novels are written for 
the present day, and after a few years will 
cease to be read. But it is also true that 
those which adhere to truth in the abstract 
will last and will serve as records to succeed- 
ing generations. And this is the very class 
of novels which is most valuable, as well as 
the most entertaining. It is not from novels 
treating of historical events anterior to the 
writer that we gain the greatest amount of 
information, but from those treating of con- 
temporaneous events ; those in which the 
scenes are taken from actual life, or are at 
least in accordance with the prevailing cus- 
toms. In such novels fact and fiction are so 
mingled as to be both instructive and enter- 
taining. Thus, even in our hours of relaxa- 
tion and amusement, we can obtain a consid- 
erable knowledge of history, and a much 
greater eagerness is inspired for the dry details 
of history itself. Thierry, the historian, is 
reported to have said that he learned from 
Ivanhoe the true method of historical compo- 
sition. And a celebrated French philosopher 
thought that " more was to be learned from 
novels and romances than from the greatest 
treatises on history and morality." 

Again, novels of contemporary life are of 
great use by spreading before us the many 
phases of life, opening a greater field of 
observation, and calling our attention to 
things we should not otherwise observe. Our 
views of life are broadened. In the novel 
the story of a life, which in the reality might 
appear prosy, is made interesting by our being 
made acquainted with the means by which 
the effects are brought about. Thus we are 
instructed in reading character. We learn to 
trace effects back to causes in events which 
are transpiring about us in our daily life. 
And they lead us to take a more lively inter- 
est in studying the characters of those about 
us, and in comparing our own observations 
with their representations. 

Then, too, in the novels of to-day, so 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



87 



much improvement has been made on the 
earlier species, that a tribute, perhaps with 
some writers involuntary, is paid to nobleness 
and purity of character. The heroes and 
heroines are usually formed after the most 
perfect models the author can command, and 
vice and immorality are pictured principally 
to elevate the representations of purity and 
uprightness of character b}' the contrast. Of 
course this can not be said of all novels, but 
we are speaking more particularly of the 
higher classes. As they descend in grade 
their pictures of virtue are less perfect accord- 
ing as the author himself is less virtuous and 
cultivated. Hence the necessity of great cau- 
tion in our choice of reading. 

Another argument against novels is that 
their representations are not true. But is 
truth necessary to the moral influence of a 
story? So long as it is formed naturally 
and in accordance with our observations of 
men and things we may derive just as much 
benefit from it as though it was the history of 
actual occurrences. Take for example the 
history of the ancient nations. Do we receive 
any less instruction from them from the 
fact that in many cases we can not draw the 
line between the false and the true? Are the 
si inics of noble and self-sacrificing lives any 
less forcible from the fact that such persons 
never existed, but that these are pictures 
formed by gathering together the good deeds 
and virtuous principles of many lives? And, 
indeed, a work of fiction may well be com- 
pared to a picture. For, as in the picture the 
painter chooses only the perfect points of 
mi t ure, and from these tries to build up an 
ideal model, so the novel-writer selects the 
perfect points of character and attempts to 
form from them the ideal character. And as 
the paintiug is a study, not merehy for the 
painter himself, but for all beholders, so the 
novel is a study In its readers. Ami the de- 
tection (if faults, in the plot, in the characters, 
or in any other attribute of the storv, is a most 



excellent discipline for the mind, although the 
mind itself may not be cognizant of the proc- 
esses through which it attains its results. In 
trying to detect these faults the mind of the 
reader is necessarily sharpened and rendered 
capable of more easily grasping after truth. 

But, yet, caution must be exercised in 
reading fiction not to allow the mind to be 
borne along b}- the course of the story with- 
out action itself. This is, perhaps, the most 
pernicious effect of romance reading. There 
is a tendency to allow our minds to be entirely 
passive ; to require them to make no effort ; 
and they become so impaired, if this is allowed 
to go on to any great extent, that it is impos- 
sible to fix them actively on solid reading so 
as to obtain the full benefit of it. And here 
is a danger to be guarded against. So soon 
as we find a distaste for solid reading growing 
up in us, and a desire to read fiction alto- 
gether, we may know that we are carrying 
novel reading to too great an extent. For, in 
this as in many other things, what is good for 
us in moderate quantities is highly injurious 
when too freely indulged in. Let us then, 
while we seek to improve our minds with en- 
tertaining reading, be careful that we do not 
let it get the mastery of us and render us 
unfit for the solid work of life. Let us be 
careful in the selection, that we may read 
nothing which will vitiate our tastes, and in 
the amount read, that our minds may remain 
healthy and active. 



At the Sagadahoc Count} 7 Fair last week 
the premium for the Fine Arts was awarded 
to S. A. Giirdjian, '77, for two crayon sketches. 
A gratuity was also given to G. C. Purring- 
ton, '78, for a painter's easel. Mr. Purring- 
ton also had on exhibition two paintings 
which were very highly spoken of, but which, 
owing tn the fact that they were entered 
solely for exhibition, did not compete for the 
premiums. 



B WD OIN 0B1ENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVEET ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Aelo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Horkill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Teems — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 8.— October 20, 1875. 

Love Songs 85 

Novels 86 

Editorial Notes 88 

Local 90 

Bowdoin vs. Bates 92 

Society Convention.... 92 

Alumni Notes 93 

Editors' Table 94 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



(: 



All subscribers will please forward their 
subscriptions immediately, as we are in' 
_need of the money. Do not fail to 
attend to this at once. 



: ) 



There has been a growing dissatisfaction 
with the way in which Bugle election has 
been managed in past years. Last year the 
difficulty reached its crisis, and the result was 
the publication of two magazines. This year 
the Senior class has taken the matter in hand, 
and the elective power of Bugle editors has 



been taken from the College at large. Each 
society is to elect an editor from the Junior 
class, and the non-society men one. This 
gives six Junior editors, who are to divide the 
work among themselves as they please, the 
Seniors waiving their right to an editor. The 
measure is a wise one, although it does away 
with the last meeting which the College holds 
as a whole. 



As we sat at our window the other day, 
looking out upon the Campus, we could not 
help thinking of the change which has of late 
come over the foliage. The rapidity with 
which this change has taken place is specially 
to be noticed. Only a few days ago every 
leaf and every twig told its own story of life 
and vigor ; but the chilling frost came and 
stamped upon everything his impress which 
blights and withers. 

While meditating upon these things we 
fell into a pleasant reverie, and the whole 
College course came up before us in review. 
Its pleasures, its realities, and its changes all 
passed in quick succession before the mind 
like the ever varying scenes and forms of a 
kaleidoscope. 

The years, the months, and the separate 
occurrences, which gave to each its peculiar 
coloring, were all interwoven with such a 
variety of light and shadow that the view 
seemed complete. Surely the eye would 
never tire of beholding it. But then the 
thought would arise, " Have we realized our 
full ideal in this matter?" During these 
years, so important in their bearing on the 
character, have all our thoughts and acts been 
as we would have them ? Do we not, rather, 
on looking back see many changes for the 
better which might be made ? 

While we were thinking upon these ques- 
tions and imagining what effect it would have 
upon our picture if all these desired changes 
were made, suddenly the bell struck for reci- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



89 



tations, and we were awakened from our 
reverie only to face the stern reality that our 
lesson had not even been looked at. 



It is a delicate matter to undertake the 
discussion of the ethics of College politics, 
but at the risk of being misjudged we have a 
word to say of the coming elections. At the 
present writing no class elections for the year 
have been held, and we are thus safe at least 
from any charge of disappointed ambition. 

For the last few years the elections, and 
especially those of the Senior class, have been 
a fruitful source of discontent and ill-feeling. 
The most unfortunate aspect of secret socie- 
ties is their political attitude. When a literary 
society becomes a political organization, it 
becomes an injury to the college and an evil 
to the students. Americans, learn political 
chicanery quickly enough in life ; they need 
no instruction in this line as part of their 
college education. 

In a college no larger than ours the best 
men are easily found, since all are known ; 
and there is, or should be, no reason why they 
should not be chosen to office, irrespective of 
society prejudices. 

It is true that men are better appreciated 
by the members of their own society, and 
there will thus arise honest differences of 
opinion in regard to fitness for office. It is 
not against this that we would enter our pro- 
test. The fact has been patent enough that 
men have been run for various offices upon 
the sole ground that their society wished for 
prominence and political honors. We do not 
mean to be at all personal, but it is quite pos- 
sible that the Senior class may remember 
some notable instances since we entered Col- 
lege. " Let us have a fair election ! " is fast 
becoming a ludicrous by-word. 

Is i( not possible that the classes should 
this year take a new departure, and elect men 
to office from real fitness? 

But there is a lower deep. There have 



been men in College who have not disdained 
to interfere with the elections in the classes 
below theirs. If wire-pulling is ever more 
contemptible than usual, it is on an occasion 
of this nature. Men who mix themselves in 
such business should be overwhelmed with 
deserved contempt by all well-disposed stu- 
dents. Let all who desire that the public 
feeling in the College should be honorable and 
manly, set themselves firmly against all polit- 
ical scheming and chicanery ; for in no other 
way can it be overcome. * 



The first number of the Bugle was pub- 
lished in July, 1858. The editors were Isaac 
Adams, Jr., '58; E. B. Nealley, '58; S. J. 
Young, '59 ; J. H. Thompson, '60 ; aad Sam- 
uel Fessenden, '61. The Bugle had then the 
form of an ordinary newspaper of two leaves. 
The first three pages were occupied by the 
societ3 r lists, the boat -clubs, musical societies, 
chess- clubs, and the like. The last page was 
almost entirely devoted to the editorial, which 
was headed by an appropriate quotation. The 
newspaper form was retained until 1867, 
when the nineteenth number was put into the 
pamphlet form ; which, with some modifica- 
tions, it has since retained. 

The quotations above alluded to are inter- 
esting in themselves. We give those which 
were used while the Bugle still retained the 
sheet form : — 

" Blow, bugle, blow.'' — [Tennyson. 

" I'll be Wowed!"— [Old Play. 

"Toot, toot, toot!" — [Maruiion. 

" Now we'll blow our blast." 

" Open your ears right and left." — [Maddocks. 

" I'm flat."— [Old Play. 

" So the truth was sniffed, 

And the trumpet was blown." — [Hood. 

" C'est le ton qui fait l<i musiqite." 

" This is a sleepy tune." 

" Fuller blast ne'er shook our battlements." — [Othello. 

•• wii.it tune is this f " 

"The music is come, sir." — [2 Henry IV. 

" Of this small horn one feeble blast." — [Scott. 



90 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



" 'Tis no matter how it be in tune, so it make noise 
enough." — [As You Like It. 

" He blew and blew." — [Tennyson. 

" Roll up the curtain ! Let the show begin ! " — [Whittier. 

There have been, Ave think, thirty num- 
bers of the Bugle published. For the first 
thirteen years it was the custom to publish 
one in the spring and one in the fall. In 
1871, when the Orient was established, the 
spring issue was discontinued, and there has 
been but one each year since. 

In the fall of 1860 there were two issues 
of the sixth Bugle. The Sophomoric society? 
Kappa Theta Mu, became in some way disaf- 
fected, and published a Bvgle for themselves. 
If one may judge by the editorial, and by 
various signs about the paper, the struggle 
was a desperate one. Several of the cuts 
appear for the first time, and the heading is 
for the first time enriched with a view of the 
College buildings. 

Did time serve we might give various 
items of fact and fun from these old Bugles, 
but for the present we have only space to 
wish success to the Bugle of 1875, with the 
hope that it may be worthy of its honorable 
line of predecessors. 



The following resolutions upon the death 
of Franklin Dyer, who died July 27, 1875, 
were passed at Harvard College by his Exeter 
class-mates : — 

Whereas it lias pleased God in his infinite wis- 
dom to take from us our class-mate at Exeter, 
Fkanklin Dtek — 

Resolved, That while bowing to God's will we 
deeply mourn the early death of our dear friend. 

Resolved, That we recognize in him all the qual- 
ities that constitute an upright, honorable, and 
Christian young man. 

Resolved, That we sympathize with his bereaved 
parents, relatives, and frieuds, in their heavy afflic- 
tion, and tender them our heartfelt condolence. 

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be sent 
to his parents, his Bowdoin aud Exeter class-mates, 
and be published in the Bowdoin Okient and 
Exeter Neivs-Letter. 

(Signed,) J. A. Tufts, W. A. Bancroft, John 
O'Connor, E. W. Morse, J. A. Mead, Committee. 

Cambridge, Oct. G, 1875. 



LOCAL. 

"No?" 

How about that pennant ? 

" Live Oak ! Live Oak ! " 

Wow let's have a fair election. 

The crews are practicing daily. 

, Field Day is postponed two weeks. 

The Senior essays are due Oct. 30th. 

It is the fashion to run a coal fire now. 

The Juniors have original declamations 
this term. 

Ring has been chosen captain of the 
Freshman Nine. 

Baker has been elected Captain of the 
Sophomore crew. 

"Better late than never" does not hold 
good in morning prayers. 

Prof. — "Give the German for scholar?" 
Student — " Der Squealer." 

" Put out that light, and don't you take it 
into the coal closet, either ! " 

There are at present twenty unoccupied 
rooms in the College buildings. 

Haskell and Curtis have left the Fresh- 
man Class, reducing its number to 27. 

Chorus suggested for the musical seventy- 
niners : " And I hope I'll join the band ! " 

" If rocks ever bled, they would bleed 
quartz." — Danbury News. What a gneiss 
joke ! 

A Junior says that the reason why he will 
not run against time on Field Day, is that 
he runs " like time." 

The Athenean library will be open from 2 
to 2.30 o'clock, on Tuesday, Thursday, and 

Saturday afternoons. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



91 



A reward of $5 has been offered for the 
scalps of those howlers who make night hid- 
eous with their frantic attempts at the " Swiss 
warble." 

The four members of the University Crew 
now in College have gone to work in the 
Sophomore gig under Pa}"son as Provisional 
Captain. 

The Pencinian library will probably not 
be open this term, as the College authorities 
have received no notice of the vote of the 
society to give it into their charge. 

A young man, a student, lately applied to 
the south end of M. H., expressing a wish to 
join the Reading Room Society. We presume 
that he was admitted, after paying a liberal 
initiation fee. 

The '77 Glee Club has been organized for 
the term. The Club now comprises ten 
members, Seabury having been added to their 
number. Their meetings are held on Mon- 
day evenings. 

A bold Soph., who kicked a Junior's stove 
down stairs the other day, can be heard any 
evening shouting "light out! " under a certain 
Senior's window, who will fortunately be out 
most of this term. 

Senior over his cash account : " Resolved, 
thai we have passed our life in labors, dan- 
gers, and sufferings, voluntarily undergone in 
attestation of these accounts — but not in con- 
sequence of our belief in them." 

A good story is told of two " hard-work- 
ing members of the press '' on the Fair 
Grounds last week. While busily at work, 
one of their brother members called them 
privately aside and informed them "in con- 
fidence" that some one had slandered (hem 

to the officers of the Fair, saying thai thej 
had come in " on cheek," and were not bona 
fide reporters. They immediately rushed in 
hot haste to headquarters, produced their doc- 



uments, demanded an explanation, and discov- 
ered the "sell." " Remember, it's my treat 
to-night." 

The Bowdoin Base-Ball Association have 
changed their rooms from 4 A. H. to 19 W. H. 
They are in a much pleasanter and more con- 
venient situation than they were last year, as 
most of the members can already testify. 

In the game between our boys and the 
Androscoggins, Saturday, the score stood 5 to 
2 in favor of the A.'s at the end of the third 
inning, when game was called on account of 
the rain, which had been falling since play 
began. 

A propos of the late base-ball game and of 
the dispute immediately preceding it, we over- 
heard the following: "Bates College, we 
know, is a pretty extensive institution; but it 
does not include all the fitting-schools in the 
State." 

Many things take place in and around our 
college life that are of interest to the outside 
world. For that reason no doubt it is that 
there are at present so many students who 
have secured the office of reporters to the 
most prominent papers in the State. There 
are at present in College, reporters for the 
Portland Argus, the Press and Advertiser, the 
Lewiston Journal, the Kennebec Journal, and 
a number of others yet to be heard from. If 
this is not the means of awakening any very 
great interest for Bowdoin, it can not be de- 
nied but that it is a good thing both for the 
students and the ( 'ollege. 

The annual game of foot-ball between the 
Sophomores and Freshmen took place at two 
o'clock in the afternoon of Oct. Ith. It was 
one of the most interesting -ami's that it has 
ever been our lot to witness. The Sopho- 
mores undertook to make n[i by strategy for 
their lack of numbers. Their attempt to form 
a hollow square, alter a number of trials, 
was at length a success as far as concerni d the 



92 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



forming of the square in perfect order around 
the ball; but when it came to advance against 
twenty-five Freshmen, with only two of their 
entire number (eighteen) at liberty to keep 
them away, then the infeasibility of the plan 
became apparent to every one. After a short 
struggle to hold their own, the ball was forced 
from their midst and the really exciting part 
of the game began. It is something which it 
is impossible to describe. Here, in one part 
of the field, is a man with his coat on and his 
hands in his pockets, looking for all the world 
like an unconcerned spectator ; in another 
quarter two Freshmen are rolling in mortal 
combat, each under the impression that he is 
keeping one Sophomore from doing any harm ; 
while here, kicking ferociously at the foot- 
ball, is the real pluck of both sides ; the one 
who gets a lucky chance has to pay for it 
with a bruised shin, a turned ankle, in fact a 
general list of accidents, any one of which 
would be sufficient to melt the heart of a class 
officer. The match was a success ; it amused 
the upper-classmen, occupied the greater part 
of an afternoon, discouraged the Freshmen, 
and afforded a topic of interesting conversa- 
tion to the Sophomores, who, it is perhaps 
needless to say, were, after the lapse of just 
nineteen minutes, victorious. 



BOWDOIN vs. BATES. 

The Bowdoin Base Ball Club received a 
challenge a short time ago from the Bates 
College Club to play a match game for the 
Championship Flag, held by the Bowdoins. 
This challenge was accepted, and last Satur- 
day was the day upon which the game was 
to be played. Imagine our surprise, then, 
when the train arrived bringing not the Bates 
College nine, but a picked nine from the Live 
Oaks and College Club. Upon inquiry, it 
was ascertained that they had telegraphed for 
two men, Crosscup and Madden, from the 
Live Oaks, to assist them. 



In order to legalize this performance, these 
two professionals entered the Nichols Latin 
School. " The Nichols Latin School fits men 
for College, and is under the same manage- 
ment as Bates College ;" so saj r the defenders 
of this fraud. The very statement they make 
in defense proves the fact that these men did 
not belong to the College. For how can a 
man belong to a college when he is fitting for 
that college ? But we will not argue the 
point ; it is too absurdly thin, to use a com- 
mon but very suggestive expression. 

Of course the Bowdoins would consent to 
no such arrangement, but they finally agreed 
to play a game of ball with the picked nine, 
protesting against their claiming the cham- 
pionship flag in case they were victorious. 
The game was played and resulted in a defeat 
for the Bowdoins, due solely to the extra 
playing of the two imported professionals, as 
will be seen by a careful examination of the 
score, which is given below. 

The game was very loosely played on both 
sides, but the errors were about equal, or 
rather in favor of Bowdoin. 



Fuller, 1. f., 
Potter, 2 b. 
Wright, c, 
Waitt, c. f.. 
Cobb, 3 b., 
Melcher, s. 
Sanford, 1 b. 
Perry, r. f 

Totals, 



Bowdoins, 5 3 12 1 la 

Bates, 311081010 15 

Umpire — Dr. Foster of Auburn.' 
Time of game — 2 hours, 13 minutes. 

SOCIETY CONVENTION. 

The 29th Annual Convention of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Fraternity was held with the 
Phi Gamma Chapter at Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. 
6th and 7th. W. Alden represented the 
Theta Chapter of this College. On the morn- 
ing of the last day the delegates, as we learn 



BOWDOINS. 












In. 





9 2 


2 


1 





3 





2 


1 


2 











8 


2 


il 





1 




1 


2 


1 2 


2 





8., 1 





3 





0., 2 


10 


1 


1 


, 


1 





1 


6 


12 27 


12 


8 



Adams, c. f., 








1 


2 


1 


Lombard, 3 b.. 


3 





2 


1 





Crosscup, s. s., 


3 


4 


2 


3 


2 


Noble, 1. f., 








1 


2 


ii 


Madden, 2 b., 


1 


3 


6 


2 





Oakes, p., 


2 


3 





1 


1 


O. B. Clason, 1 b 


,0 





10 


1 


1 


Whitney, r. f., 








1 


2 


1 


P. R. Clason, c, 


•i 





i 


1 


1 


Totals, 


11 


10 


27 


15 


9 


5 6 7 


8 




9 


Totals. 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



93 



from the Syracuse Journal, were taken to the 
University, and were there during the chapel 
exercises, after which Chancellor Haven made 
some felicitous remarks on college organiza- 
tions, and welcomed the delegates to the free- 
dom of the College halls. After the delegates 
had looked over the building, they adjourned 
to Yates's Castle, by invitation of the hospita- 
ble and gentlemanly proprietor. Here an hour 
or so was very pleasantly spent in looking 
over his princely castle and his rare and 
varied collections. 

The public exercises were held in the 
evening at the Opera House. Owing to the 
sudden illness of Hon. F. W. Husted, of 
Peekskill, N. Y., Prof. Winchell, of Syracuse 
University, kindly consented to deliver the 
Address of Welcome. The Oration was by 
Francis Forbes, Esq., of New York City, a 
graduate of Rochester, class of '66 ; the sub- 
ject, Architecture. The poem was by Prof. F. 
DeWitt Warner of Albany. After the poem, 
the delegates joined in singing the Fraternity 
Song, " Naught mars the bright household 
where unity dwelleth." 

The Convention was fully attended and 
enthusiastic, twenty-five out of twenty-eight 
Chapters being represented. 

A Freshman was overheard the other day 
discoursing about his "Certificate of Immacu- 
lation." — Dartmouth. 

Prof., receiving excuses for members of his 
class: Prof. — "Sir. C — , where is Mr. R — ?*'■ 

Mr. C. — "Mr. R — says lie is sick." Prof. 
— "And where is Mr. M — '.'" Mr. ('. — Mr. 
M — says he is out of town!" — Lafayette 
Monthly. 

One Senior mixes his profanity and Chris- 
tianity. In the recitation in "Christianity 
and Greek Philosophy," the other morning, 
In' remarked, somewhat excitedly : " Ye gods, 
boys, he's coming to my name. 1) — n it, 
hand me my Christianity." — Chronicle. 



ALU3INI NOTES. 



The Portland Advertiser has the follow- 
ing : " The following Bowdoin graduates will 
be members of the next Legislature : F. A. 
Pike and J. C. Talbot, '39 ; F. Robie, '41 ; S. 
J. Anderson, '44 ; J. M. Goodwin, '45 ; E. 
E'astman, '57; E. B. Nealley, '58; H. D. 
Hutchins, '59-; C. E. Morrill, '60; T. W. 
Hyde, '61 ; W. L. Warren and E. S. Keyes, 
'65." 

'50. — Rev. A. Morrill is Pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Painted Post, Steuben 
Co., N. Y. 

'51. — A. C. Hamlin is practicing medicine 
in Bangor. 

'57. — Chas. Hamlin has a law office in 
Bangor. 

'60. — L. G. Downes and C. B. Rounds 
('61) are lawyers in Calais. 

'69. — T. H. Eaton is in Iowa National 
Bank, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

'70. — C. A. Page is Principal of the Calais 
High School. 

'70.— D. T. Timberlake is Principal of the 
High School at Clinton, Me. 

'71. — Jas. L. Lombard is in the banking 
business at Crestor, Iowa. 

'74. — G. K. Wheeler is principal of High 
School, Dennysville, Me. 

'75. — G. C. Cressey is Principal of the 
Mathematical Department of Bath High 
School, rather than Assistant, as stated in our 
last issue. 

S. M. Carter is reading law in Lewiston. 

D. M. McPherson is Assistant at Bethel 
Academy. 

S. W. Whitmorc is reading law in Gar- 
diner. 

Myles Standish has entered the Harvard 

Medical School. 

II. It. Patten is reading law with Hon. W. 
L. Putnam. Portland. 



94 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The Nassau Lit. for October has an admirable 
review of Tennyson's " In Memoriain." 

The Niagara Index contains a pathetic wail, 
entitled " The Grave-yard," beginning thus : — 

" What emotions arise within us at the thought 
of this sorrowful place ! What sad memories of the 
past crowd upon us when we hear it spoken of! 

• • ■ Much is to be learned, and much benefit 
gained from a visit to the city of the dead. As 
we enter it, a strange, unnatural feeling comes over 
us, of which all nature seems to partake." 

On turning the page we come upon : — 

" OTJE CEMETERY. 

" Messes. Editors Index : — I have often won- 
dered why, among so many improvements that have 
been made about our Seminary, no thought has ever 
been given to the beautifying of our cemetery. I 
know not upon whom to lay the blame of this neg- 
lect, for neglect most unpardonable it certainly is. 
The students, I think, are to blame in this matter. 
Were they to consider, for one moment, how heart- 
less a thing it is to leave the dead to take care of 
themselves, they surely would not be slow in adopt- 
ing measures calculated to reclaim that little plot." 

The italics are ours. But what struck us most 
forcibly was the beautiful similarity between the 
Index's idea of "grave-yards" in general and their 
own cemetery. 

The Uni. Herald contains some very sensible 
words to Freshmen, a few of which we quote as 
being timely here also : — 

" Conform as far as you can without violence to 
your individuality, to the fashion of those around 
you, and by fashion we do not mean anything about 
hats and canes. If you have any unnecessary oddi- 
ties, lay them aside. Appear neat in your persons ; 
be courteous, not servile. Do not walk into a reci- 
tation room on your heels and with a book under 
each arm; such a spectacle might suggest to some 
of your imaginative beholders the thought of an 
angel with wings, or an old hen. Be not too free of 
speech in your classes; many besides the "hypo- 
crites " of old have been condemned for their much 
speaking. If you have any peculiar political or 
religious views, reserve them for Junior logic. ■ ■ 
Walk down stairs, do not slide on the balusters. 

• • In striving to be agreeable do not aim at 
popularity, for you will always fail. If you have 
popular qualities they will surely be appreciated in 
due time." 

A contributor with the highly significant nom de 
plume " Zan," begins an article in the College Herald, 
by saying that " design is everywhere apparent." 
One thinks upon reading further that the author 
might at least have made an exception in favor of 
his own essay. 



To think of the grave and reverend Amherst 
Student's breaking out into a " Wine Song," begin- 
ning : — 

"Fill high with wine! Old Time's a fraud, 
"We'll drown him in this measure ! " 
But then a new board of editors has just come 
in, and who knows but the Student may become as 
wicked and as jolly as the worst of us? 

The Hamilton Lit. for September, just received, 
contains an article on "The Mission of History," 
which is very readable. 

Is any man able to understand the " Reviewer's 
Table " in the Round Table and Beloil Monthly f 
A recent number contains a criticism of the Bound 
Table andBeloit Monthly ; and after criticising him- 
self, the editor becomes more and more muddled, 
and wanders off into a vile, rumbling flow of rhyme, 
interspersed with rambling sentences shot in ap- 
parently quite at random. But, then, the Beloit 
Monthly was always a little vague, even before it 
had the Bound Table superimposed upon its head. 

The Scholastic speaks of "Mrs. Charles, author 
of the Odromberg-Cotta Family." 

The Asbury Beview has at length a readable ar- 
ticle. It is in the September number, just at hand, 
and is headed " Gambrinus." There is hope for 
the Yale Becord and the Owl when the Asbury Be- 
vieiu begins to mend. 

The Owl is dead ! It is with the utmost regret 
that we chronicle the decease of our departed Strig- 
idaceous friend ; for now we can indulge no more in 
those delicate allusions to its name, of which the 
Owl was so fond ! Peace to its ashes, feathers, or 
whatever corporeal debris is least likely to rest 
easy. Let its bones be laid tenderly away in the 
musty realms of " Spiritism and the Sp'ri;s," of 
which it has so wisely prated. 

The Dartmouth says a word on letter-writing 
Sunday, but does not succeed in advancing any new 
ideas on the subject. 

A certain watch-maker, living less than a 
thousand miles from the post office, being 
caught fishing for trout on another man's 
property, a short distance from East Portland, 
the other day, completely silenced the owner, 
who remonstrated, with the majestic answer: 
" Who wants to catch your trout? I am only 
trying to drown this worm." — Archangel. 




Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, NOVEMBER 3, 1875. 



No. 9. 



IN TOE DALE. 

" 'Fire the wood, and in a dale, 
lovely sang the nightingale." 

— Voegenwilde. 
I. 
Under the willow, iu a meadow, 

Where the brook was running clear, 

There was my pillow, darknu shadow, 

Blossom and verdure springing near. 

" 'Fore the wood, and in a dale, 

Lovely sang the nightingale." 



Silent reclining the willow under, 

Just as evening faded away : 
Sweetly shining, a heavenly wonder 
Bent above me as I lay. 

Light her form ; her face was pale. 
" Lovely sang the nightingale.'' 



Nymph of fountain, in dewy brightness 

Rising from wave in vest of green ; 

Dryad of mountain, with airy lightness 

Flitting around the huntress queen ; 

Jill to that heavenly form must veil, 
Smiling as sung the nightingale. 



Then she addressed me, " Oh, why dost linger 

Here in a world that chains thy will .'" 
Softly she pressed mo with snowy finger. 
Pulse and beating heart were still. 
Lovely sang in the lonely dale, 
Fainter and fainter, the nightingale. 



HORACE. 
Odes [., XIX., de Glycera, 

The Cupids' oruol mother, 
Ami Bacchus, youth perverted, 

And frolic License, bid me 
Return to loves deserted. 

Glycera's brilliant beauty. 

Hit dangerous, Hashing eyes. 

Her brow, which Paris marble 
i ';ni limine not— these I prize ' 



Tenus has quitted Cyprus 
And flown into my heart; 

"War can I sing no longer, 
For she will not depart. 

Glyeer will be propitious 
Perhaps, when I have laid 

F/pou the verdant altar 
The songs of war I've made ; 

So raise the turf, aud heap it 
With sacred plants and wine, 

And sacrifice, to render 
Complete this love of mine. 



MACBETH. 

To each of his characters Shakespeare has 
given a marked individuality ; no two of 
them are alike. We have an Othello, a 
Hamlet, or a Lear, with the various shades of 
disposition which in different circumstances 
make up the complex nature represented in 
the play. We might suppose that the actual 
individuals had passed before the poet and 
had been dismissed, leaving no impression on 
his mind, but only their portraits on his page. 
For, as one suggests, a person would com- 
monly feel a tendency to attempt a second 
time that which he had once successfully per- 
formed. But he gives as no repetition. 

As regards Macbeth, this is eminently 
true. His character is nowhere reproduced. 
He first appears before us as a brave warrior, 
a loyal subject, a victorious general, and yet, 
us tlir event proves, without true principle. 
Indeed, by nature lie " was not without ambi- 
tion," and il was that ambition alone which 
had hitherto been the mainspring of his suc- 
cess ; his loyalty consisted only in the fact 
that lie had never been accused of disloyalty. 
In the Hush of victory, expecting fresh honors 



98 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



from his sovereign, his ambition has a wider 
range, and his mind is more easily reached by 
evil influences. At such a time the " weird 
sisters " announce their tempting predictions. 
With a grotesqueness, which causes a smile at 
first, the witches reveal a depth of malignity 
and vice horrible beyond ordinary under- 
standing. However base their intercourse 
with each other may be, the language of their 
predictions approaches sublimity. They are 
not such as man would visit to further schemes 
of personal revenge, but rather do they ap- 
pear to him and arouse the first thoughts of 
evil. In them is personified the very spirit of 
vice, and they can only come from the source 
of all wickedness. By alluring promises they 
arouse in Macbeth that slumbering germ of 
evil which ripens into " black and deep de- 
sires." To Banquo they make equally tempt- 
ing promises, but awaken no response in his 
breast. His nobler nature is shocked at the 
thoughts which haunt him only in his sleep. 
Macbeth looks upon 

. . " that suggestion 
"Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair, 
And make my seated heart knock at my ribs 
Against the use of nature," 

as something which he would wish for, and 
yet deems it unsafe ; he fears to do that which 
he does not wish should be undone. He 
seems to consider it impossible ; and yet, sleep- 
ing and waking, he broods over this project of 
his ambition, and is quick to see anything 
which renders it more difficult. 

When the opportunity to murder the king- 
presents itself, other obstacles besides those 
arising from prudence present themselves ; 
loyalt}% kinship, and a sense of his hospitable 
duties are matched against the promptings of 
vaulting ambition and want of principle. For 
the time, it seems as if his better nature would 
be successful ; he will not betray the trust 
imposed on him, although he does not wholly 
relinquish his purpose ; else why should the 
urging of Lady Macbeth so easily move him ? 



His mind, continually beset with suggestions 
of crime, with alluring dreams of future pow- 
er, with his resolution not to murder his guest 
but a weak one, makes only a weak resistance 
to taunts against his manhood and bravery. 
What taunts of evil could be more artful, than 
to accuse a man of secret cowardice who had 
just returned from a great victory, and for 
whom his sovereign had prepared great hon- 
or ! How true to the characters and the time 
is that scene with Lady Macbeth. That un- 
scrupulous woman, coolly perceiving her ad- 
vantages, plies her reproaches artfully and 
scornfully, until her lord, at first with broken 
resolution, but yet weak courage, hesitates 
and fears discovery, then, with courage 
" screwed to the sticking place," " bends up 
each corporal agent to this terrible feat." 

The character of Lady Macbeth makes a 
fit accompaniment to that of her husband. 
While not exciting that detestation and scorn 
which is felt against Goneril and Regan, she 
appears to us as a woman whose crimes have 
no connection with base passions, but spring 
directly from her intellect. With a counte- 
nance, which we might suppose to be indica- 
tive of almost manly courage, exhibiting by 
turns the deepest scorn and the sternest reso- 
lution, and reflecting a charm of mind and 
features which alone could have won the re- 
gard of a man such as Macbeth had been, she 
exerts an influence upon her lord chiefly on 
account of the regard which he has for her, 
and which he believes is returned. While he 
delays, seeing the obstacles before him and 
vacillating between the promptings of duty 
and his evil purpose, she is quick to " catch 
the nearest way." Stifling the prickings of 
her conscience before the crime is committed, 
she knows no rest after it is accomplished. 
Her remorse is not the less keen because she 
can not make it known and dare not if she 
could. Not for one minute can she repress it, 
and her life is one perpetual struggle. The 
guilt which is silent during the day is beyond 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



99 



her control to repress at night. Destitute of 
a nature sufficiently hardened to bear the con- 
sequences of her guilt, her reason gives way 
before her remorse, and she dies in incurable 
mental agony. 

After the murder of the king the motives 
of prudence which had hindered the purposes 
of Macbeth re-assert themselves with increased 
force ; by further crimes he strives to " tram- 
mel up the consequences" of his deed. What 
at first may have appeared bravery, now shows 
its true nature, unmitigated cowardice. Un- 
like a truly brave man, Macbeth has no inter- 
est for which he would willingly sacrifice life, 
and lie fears death in proportion to the efforts 
which he makes to avoid it. 

Drawn to the murder of the king by vis- 
ions of his disordered fancy, he can obtain no 
peace of mind after it is committed. The 
simplest sounds of nature appal him, and the 
peaceful murmurings of the sleeping servants 
sound in his ears like the loudest denuncia- 
tions of his crime ; the ghost of Banquo 
haunts him in his festive moments, and the 
courage which formerly could face 

. . . " the rugged Russian bear, 
The armed rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger," 

now gives way before the "horrible shadow" ; 
ever uneasy, he visits the witches, that from 
them, who first gave him "earnest of success," 
he may learn his future fate, or perchance ob- 
tain consolation in his anxiety. In their say- 
ings lie imposes implicit confidence; deserted 
by his friends, hearing only 

"Curses, not loud, hut deep, mouth honor, breath, 
Which the poor heart would lain deny, but dare not," 

he supports his courage with a hope in those 
omens which by nature seem impossible of 
fulfillment, and when the first bad omen hap- 
pens, he clings to the other prophecy with a 
confidence and tenacity produced by despair. 
In the extremity of his circumstances we can 
not fail in have feelings "I pity for the 
wretched man. True, his crimes arouse ;ill 
the horror and denunciation which they de- 



serve ; but the image of that man, review- 
ing his bloody and wasted life and express- 
ing, perhaps, a beginning of repentance (cer- 
tainly a desire for it), excites feelings which 
may for the moment overlook his crimes. By 
those faint tokens of an innate goodness we 
realize more fully the nobleness by which his 
life might have been marked, and the horror 
of the course by which it has been blasted. 

As an accumulation of terrible scenes this 
play is unparalleled. It is a continual strug- 
gle between crime and retributive justice. 
The supernatural effect of the opening scene 
appears to be a suitable portent of the fearful 
and forbidden things to be revealed. Scenes 
of entirely opposite character are brought 
into close contact, and the transitions are 
startling in the extreme. Of the duration of 
the action we can obtain no definite idea ; 
months, perhaps years, must have elapsed 
during the intervals between the prominent 
events, yet the scenes change with scarce a 
notice, on our part, of the intervals. There 
seems to be an irresistible power which push- 
es the events on till the final act is reached, 
allowing no digression from the main thread 
of the play, and no delay in the overthrow of 
Macbeth. 



Long evenings have come, and the hard- 
working student consumes the midnight oil 
over the whist table. He can sort his cards 
with mathematical precision, and bewail in 
quotations from the classics his lack of trumps. 
Thertvis nothing low-toned about the conver- 
sation on these occasions. " Wo ist mein lead 
pencil ? " " Come hither, thou trilobite ! " 
&c, &c, are some of the phrases that greet 
one's ears. When it comes to the odd game 
you sec the winner's face brighten up as 
though he had got a Senior part, and hear 
the losers anathematize their luck in words 
longer than any geological formations that 
ever existed. 



100 



BOWDOIN OEIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
■ ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. . 

EDITORS. 
Aelo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Ha wes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies; 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 9.— November 3, 1875. 

In the Dale 97 

Horace (Odes i., xix., de Glycera) 97 

Macbeth 97 

Editorial Notes 100 

Local 102 

Regatta 104 

Field Day 105 

Alumni Notes 105 

Editors' Table 106 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



( 



All subscribers will please forward their 
subscriptions immediately, as we are in' 
^need of the money. Bo not fail^ 
attend to this at once. 



i inx 
Ijo \ 



As there seems to be considerable misun- 
derstanding in regard to the condition of the 
Peucinian Library, we have taken some pains 
to learn the exact situation. 

For some time past there has existed consid- 
erable dissatisfaction among those members of 
the General Society who were so situated as 



to know the condition of the library, on ac- 
count of its neglected state, and it was very 
evident that the Society was fast losing some 
of its best books. As there seemed to be no 
prospect that matters would ever improve, 
last Commencement the General Society met 
and voted to place the library in the hands of 
a committee, of which A. G. Tenney, Esq., is 
Chairman, with instructions to offer the use 
of it to the College authorities for one year. 
A few weeks ago the Faculty were notified of 
the vote of the Society, but were unable to 
accept the offer, there being no appropriation 
to pay a librarian ; they however voted to 
recommend to the Boards to appropriate suffi- 
cient money to meet that expense ; at their 
recent meeting the latter took no action in 
regard to the matter. Thus the library is at 
present in hands of the committee, who, hav- 
ing no authority to let out the books, will 
keep it locked up. 

It is certainly to be much regretted that 
the students should be deprived of access to 
so many books, of which a considerable por- 
tion are not in the College Library. The 
sooner both the Peucinian and Athensean So- 
cieties meet and donate the books outright to 
the College, the better it will be for all. It 
seems to be the only way. to preserve all that 
is left of those organizations in which old 
graduates take such great pride. Indeed, we 
doubt not that there is in the history of these 
societies many an interesting episode of hard 
struggle and some famous college victory, 
and we should much like to see a full account 
of them written by some competent person. 



The Judiciary Committee having decided 
in favor of the Bowdoin nine in the late 
game of Bates and Live Oaks vs. Bowdoin, 
Wednesday, Oct. 20th was fixed upon for a 
second game, but the Bates men did not make 
an appearance. At 9.30 o'clock, Saturday, 
Oct. 22d, was fixed upon, but again the Bates 
men failed to appear. They came down on 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



101 



the noon train, however, and as some of the 
Bowdoin nine were obliged to leave town on 
the -afternoon train, the game was called 
without waiting until after dinner, and result- 
ed in the victoiy of the Bates nine on a score 
of eight to four. 

Meantime it was discovered that one of 
the visiting nine was not a member of Bates 
College, but of Nichols Latin School. The 
pennant was, of course, withheld. The Bates 
nine played a very good game, particularly at 
the last. It is the feeling among some of the 
students that Bowdoin had better waive her 
right to the pennant rather than engage in a 
dispute with Bates College. It is understood 
that Bates appeals to the Judiciary Commit- 
tee. Below is a report of the game. 

We give notes on the game, showing the 
plays and the score. 

FIKST INNING. 

Bates at the bat. Adams- went out on a foul to 
catcher. Lombard out on a fly to Fuller. Xoble 
out by Sanford, assisted by Knight. No scores. 

Bowdoius. Payson struck a grounder to 0. B. 
Clason, who put him out on first. Fuller made all 
the bases and score by wild throw of Lombard. 
Wright took first by error of James. Waitt out by 
fly to James. Knight out by fly to Whitney. 
Wright left on third. One score. 

SECOND INNING. 

Bates. Hoyt to third on error by Wright, home 
as ( >;iks went to first by error of Wright. Clason, 0. 
B., to first. Oaks out on second by throw of Payson. 
Whitney out on a foul By to Knight. At this poiut 
of the game Jacobs was hurt by a foul tip striking 
bim in the throat, and his place for the remainder 
of the inning and part of the next was taken by 
Wright, Melcher in the Seld. James nut by fly to 
Sanford. «». B. Clason left on third, ^w score. 

Bowdoius. Melcher out on three strikes. San- 
ford the same. Cobb out by '». B. Clason, assisted 
by Whitney. Xo scores. 

THIRD INNING. 

Bates. 1'. R. Clason took first on base hit. 
Adams nut by Sanford, assisted by Payson. Lom- 
luiil to third on tWO base hit. Clason home. N'olili 1 
first by base hit, Lombard score. Xoble out on 
second, Boyt out on fly to Cobb. Two scores. 



Bowdoins. Perry to first by error of Lombard, 
forced out on second by Paysou, who got first by 
error of Whitney. Fuller out on three strikes. 
Wright first by error of Lombard, Payson home, 
Wright score. Waitt second on two base hit, 
Knight out on first, assisted by Whitney. Two 
scores. 

FOCTKTH INNING. 

Bates. Oaks ou first by base hit. 0. B. Clason 
out by Sanford. assisted by Cobb. Oaks score. 
Whitney out on fly to Payson, James score. P. R. 
Clason first by error of Knight, Clason home, Ad- 
ams score. Lombard base hit, out running to 
second. Four scores. 

Bowdoins. Jacobs first by error of Whitney, 
Jacobs score. Sanford out on three strikes, Cobb 
to first on base hit, Perry out on three strikes, Pay- 
son to first by error of Whitney, Cobb to third, Ful- 
ler out on foul to catcher. One score. 

m FIFTH INNING. 

Bates. Xoble out on fly to Waitt, Hoyt first on 
base hit, second by error of Jacobs, Hoyt score. 
0. B. Clason out on foul fly to Payson, Whitney out 
on foul to Jacobs. One score. 

Bowdoins. Wright out on foul bound to P. R. 
Clason, Waitt out by grounder to first, Knight to 
first on third strike, Jacobs first ou base hit, Kuight 
to second, Sanford out on foul fly to 0. B. Clason. 
Xo scores. 

SIXTH INNING. 

Bates. James out fly to Perry, P. R. Clason out 
fly to Wright. Jacobs again hurt by foul tip strik- 
ing him in the throat. Wright again behind the 
bat and Melcher in the field. Lombard out by fly 
to Waitt. Xo scores. 

Bowdoins. Cobb out on first, assisted by James, 
Perry base hit to first, Payson out on foul fly to 0. 
II. Clason, Fuller first on base hit. Perry to second, 
Perry out on second by Oaks to second after a foul. 
Xo scores. 

SEVENTH INNING. 

Bates. Xoble out by Sanford, assisted by Pay- 
son. Hoyt out on first, assisted by Fuller, Oaks to 
first by error of Puller, Oaks out on home plate by 
Payson, assisted by Wright. Xo scores. 

Bowdoins. Payson out on foul bound to catcher, 
Fuller out on second, assisted by P. R. Clason, 
W right first by base hit, Waitt out by fly to Whit- 
ney. Xo scores. 

EIGHTH INNING. 

Bates. O. B. Clason out by foul fly to Wright, 



102 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Whitney out by fly to Payson, James out by fly to 
Knight. No scores. 

Bowdoins. Knight out by foul fly to catcher, 
Jacobs out on first, assisted by Whitney, Sanford 
knocked a grounder to first and was put out. No 
scores. 

NINTH INNINGS. 

Bates. P. R. Clason out by fly to Payson, Ad- 
ams out by foul bound to Wright, Lombard first by 
base hit, Noble out on first, assisted by Knight. 
No scores. 

Bowdoins. Cobb struck to first and was put out, 
Perry first, Payson first, Fuller out by foul fly to 0. 
B. Clason, Perry to third, Payson second, Wright 
out by fly to Whitney. No scores. 



BOWDOINS. 

R. IB. P 0. A E. 

Payson, p 1 5 2 

Fuller, 1. f 1 1 1 1 

Wright, s. s 1 1 2 1 8 

Waitt,c. f. 13 2 

Knight, 3b 2 3 2 

Jacobs, c 1 1 2 5 

Sanford, lb 7 

Cobb,2b 14 10 

Perry, r. f. 110 



Total. 



.4 6 27 7 18 



BATES. 

R. IB. P.O A. E 

Adams, c. f. 10 

Lombard, 3b 1 2 10 4 

Noble,l f. 10 

Hoyt, r f 2 10 

Oaks, p 1 2 1 

O B. Clason, lb.. 11 «0 

Whitney, 2b 5 3 2 

James, s. s 1 1 1 1 

P. E. Clason, c ... 2 1 936 



Total. 



7 27 8 13 



Scorers, Bowdoins, P. H Ingalls. Bates, J W. Smith. 
Umpire, John Smith. Time of game, 2 hours. 



LOCAL. 

" Brace up ! " 

"Didn't get it yet! " 

79 versus '78 in base ball, 18 to 10. 

" How much coal have you got in ? " 

Allen has got a new lot of St. James 
cigarettes. 

A new furnace has been put into Massa- 
chusetts Hall. 

Seabury has been elected leader of the 
'77 Glee Club. 

Have you seen the grand combination lock 
on 29 W. H. ? 

The Sophomores have begun French under 
Instructor Moore. 

How about the Senior lecture course? 
Shall we not have one this winter? 



A young lady recently inquired of a stu- 
dent if he did not admire Dickens's " Kettle 
on the Hearth." 

Only one man was present at a recent 
recitation of the Seniors, and it is whispered 
about that he took a dead. 

The system of marking absences in the 
gymnasium, by the class monitors, is the best 
that has yet been adopted. 

The Rev. G. T. Packard, now in Bruns- 
wick, is engaged in writing a history of Bow- 
doin for Scribners Magazine. 

Fresh, at a concert, lately, cried out, 
" Bravado ! " under the impression that it 
was the superlative of bravo. 

In a game of base ball, Wednesday p.m., 
between the Bowdoins and Electrics, the for- 
mer won by a score of 17 to 10. 

At a meeting of the Boards, Oct. 19, A. 
H. Davis, class of '60, was elected Professor 
of Latin for the remainder of the year. 

Alumnus — " Has the Athensean Society 
taken in any Freshmen yet ? " Student — 
" No. The Freshmen are too bright to be 
' taken in ' by any such means." 

The other day, after the disastrous game 
with Bates, S. was seen rushing about the 
Delta, wildly shouting, " Show me the man 
from the Nicholas Latin School ! " 

The Bowdoin Base -Ball Association has 
again presented a petition to the Boards for 
the use of their rooms free of rent. It was 
treated, like the former one, with a refusal. 

The Reading Room is open this term as 
usual, and is now running with a good general 
assortment of papers and magazines. It 
deserves more patronage that it gets from the 
students, as the following list on file will show. 
There are taken at present, seven daily news- 
papers, two semi-weeklies, ten weeklies, and 
eight monthly magazines. 



BO WD OUT 0B1ENT. 



103 



A good instructor in landscape and orna- 
mental drawing would receive a warm wel- 
come from a few dejected Seniors who have 
neglected that important branch of their early 
education. 

At a class meeting the Sophomores elected 
officers for the ensuing year: President, 
Jacobs ; Secretary and Treasurer, Thing ; 
Committee of Arrangements, Potter, Pray, 
and Smith. 

The new floats that have been made for 
the Boat Club have been in the water at the 
boat-house landing for about two weeks, and 
have given great satisfaction. The cost of 
them was eighty dollars. 

The thickly falling leaves on the campus 
bear to our minds among other truths the 
forcible and melancholy conviction that win- 
ter is coming on and that the base-ball season 
is fast drawing to a close. 

The Boat Club are going to issue " shin- 
gles," after the style of those issued by the 
Base-Ball Association. Taken together they 
will make a pair of pictures which no patriotic 
student should be without. 

The following are the editors of the next 
Bugle, who have been elected under the new 
arrangement: Fuller, Peary, Roberts, Sea- 
bury, Sherman, and Wiggin. Seabury has 
been elected by them as managing editor. 

One of the Sophomore theme subjects 
icads, •• Is a man's influence determined more 
by his character or talents?" We heard one 
of them breathe a fervent hope that his influ- 
ence would not correspond to the characters 
which he had handed in to Prof. . 

The following men of the Freshman elass 
are members of secret societies: Alpha I >elta 
Phi, Brown, Hastings, and Stearns; Psi Upsi- 
lon, II. E. Bourne, Beane, King, and Varaey; 
Delta Kappa Epsilon, (i. W. Bourne, Corey, 
Davis, and Filield : Zeta Psi, Achorn, Carle- 



ton, Castner, Hanson, Henderson, Huston, 
Huston ; Theta Delta Chi, Bowker, Byron, 
Johnson, and Kimball. 

It was a disappointment to the boys who 
went up to Lewiston and only had the pleas- 
ure of seeing three innings of a game, and 
that, too, in the rain. The " sing " on the 
train home was an enjoyable feature of the 
occasion, and reminded one of how few the 
times were when the college had a song to- 
gether, and what pleasure we missed in the 
lack of general gatherings or jubilees. 

The season of glass-breaking has come 
again, although "some time deferred. We 
had noticed that this year there was no dam- 
age of this kind done for several weeks, and 
hoped that the reform would continue ; but 
all our hopes were destroyed the other day. 
Allow us to suggest, however, that if it is 
absolutely necessary for college students to 
indulge in this species of amusement, they 
enjoy it during warm weather. 

It is now just the right time for foot-ball, 
and we wonder that more interest is not taken 
in a game so well suited to fall weather. Here 
we have three or four foot-ball elevens in 
college, and yet, from one year's end to an- 
other, we do not have but one regular game. 
There is no reason why a good well-eonducted 
game of foot-ball should not be as interesting 
to spectators as any other athletic sport. We 
have plenty of good grounds to play on, and 
plenty of men who would develop into good 
players. All that we need is a little enthou- 
siamne. 

The Annual Rope Pull between the Soph- 
omore and Freshman classes took place in 
front of the Chapel, immediately after prayers. 
Saturday morning, Oct. 23d. The S. .] d o >- 
mores had much the smaller class, and despite 
their gallant resistance were pulled over the 
line by their elated opponents. It is the Brat 
victory that has been won In- a bVeshman elass 



104 



BOWD01N ORIENT. 



since we have been in college. The occasion 
seemed, in spite of this unusual occurrence, 
to be rather tame in comparison with some of 
the "hauling" contests we have witnessed 
there. The rope was too long for them to 
carry on any undertoned conversation, or ex- 
change any personal opinions with good effect. 
There were no rushing, no unnecessary pulls, 
no ropes broken, nothing, in fact, happened to 
interest the upperclassmen or to amuse the 
yaggers. The only person whom we saw 
unduly excited was, we are sorry to say, our 
worthy Janitor, who watched at a distance 
the attempt of the Sophomores to wind the 
rope around a tree. 

The following report was submitted by the 
Treasurer, at the last meeting of the Bowdoin 
Boat Club:— 

To the members of the Bowdoin Boat Club I 
would submit the following report :— 

During the year I have 



Rec'd. 
$999.60 
10-2.50 doe from coll. subs. 
7.00 " " town sub.* 
14.50 " on t'm taxes, &c 



Paid. 
$899.31 

37.00 due on oars. 
•2.00 " " printing 
185/29 cash balance. 



$1,123.60 $1,1-23.60 

Actual cash bal -'$100.'29 

Uncollected subs 124.00 

$-224.29 
Owed, oai-s and printing, 39.00 

$185.29 
There has also been subscribed by friends of the 
College, $450 toward a new boat house, and the pros- 
pects are that sufficient money will be collected to 
warrant our beginning work iu the Spring. 

Oliver C. Stevens, Treas. 

Bowd. Coll., Sept 30th, 1875. 



THE REGATTA. 

The class races took place Oct. 30th, in 
the afternoon. Three class crews entered for 
the race, viz. : Senior, Junior, Sophomore. 
The conditions of the race were that, owing 
to the difference between the boats, forty-five 
seconds should be allowed by the Senior crew 
to the Junior and Sophomore crews. After 



being recalled on a foul by the Sophomores, 
they got a fair start at about three o'clook. 
The Seniors took the lead from the first and 
held it during the entire race, crossing the 
line in 21 minutes, 30 seconds. The Juniors 
made the course in 21 minutes, 59 seconds, 
and the Sophomores in 22 minutes, 45 sec- 
onds. The Junior crew was, therefore, de- 
clared victorious, coming in only twenty-nine 
seconds behind the Senior crew. The second 
place was awarded to the Senior crew, and 
the third place to the Sophomore crew. The 
University crew then gave a short exhibition 
pull in the Junior gig, of which no time was 
taken. 

At 4.30 the students and some of their 
friends met at the chapel to witness the 
awarding of prizes. As soon as the meeting 
was called together and the purpose of it 
announced by Commodore Stevens, Mr. 
Crocker came forward and in behalf of the 
class of '73 presented to the Bowdoin navy 
a beautiful silver cup, an emblem of the re- 
gard in which his class held the College and 
its students. Com. Stevens, in behalf of the 
navy, returned thanks to the class of '73 for 
their exquisite gift, and called upon Prof. 
Chapman to present the field-day prizes to 
the several winners and the champion cup 
to the victorious crew. After a few remarks 
appropriate to the feelings which the occasion 
excited, he presented the following prizes : 
To Marrett '76, for half-mile walk and two- 
mile walk, a silver goblet and a silver vase. 
To C. E. Cobb '77, for standing jump and 
half-mile run, a silver napkin-ring and a silver 
and glass flower-stand. To Alden '76, for 
hundred-yard clash and hurdle race, a silver 
and gold card-receiver, and a silver goblet. 
To Knight, for throwing base ball, a ball. To 
Sargent, for two-mile run, an ebony cane with 
a silver head. To Mitchell, for running 
jump, a silver vase. Finally, to the Junior 
crew he gave the champion cup, which Capt. 
Hargraves received in behalf of the crew. 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



105 



The meeting then adjourned, and all went 
home amid much cheering and general good 
feeling. 

The regatta was a perfect success, and the 
meeting at the chapel was a most happy feature 
of the occasion, The impetus that it will 
give to athletic sports, particularly boating, 
is not to be overlooked ; and it should be a 
cause for general rejoicing throughout the 
College. Saturday evening, '77 had a class 
supper and dance at the Tontine, and the 
members of " Master Humphrey's Clock " 
gave a supper to the Senior crew. 



FIELD DAY. 

The sports of the semi-annual Field Day 
of the Bowdoin Athletic Association were 
held on the Fair Grounds, Topsham, Satur- 
day, October 30th, under the management of 
Parker '76, Master of Ceremonies, and Waitt 
'76, Hargraves '77, and Fessenden '78, Di- 
rectors ; Referee, Instructor Smyth ; Judges, 
Bates '76 and Sanford '76. 

The following was the programme : — 

I. Half-mile walk. Marrett 76 and French 
78 competed. Marrett won in 4.04 1-2. 

II. Throwing base ball. Payson '76, Knight 
'77, Paine '78, Peary '77, Roberts '77, and Metcalf 
'77, entered. Knight won, throwing 304.3 feet. 

III. Hundred-yards dash, first heat. Alden 
'76, Leavitt '76, Roberts '77, and Paine '76, were 
the contestants. Alden won the heat in 11 seconds. 
Leavitt camo in second. 

IV. Half-mile run. Libby '76, and Cobb '77 
competed. Cobb won in 2.19; Libby made 2 23. 

V. Hundred-yards dash, second heat. Alden 
won in 11 seconds, and took the prize. 

VI. Two-mile run. Sargent '76, Payson '76, 
and Crocker '77, started. Sargent won in 11.19; 
Payson came in second in 12.17. 

VII. Running long jump. Roberts '77, Cobb 
77, Peary '77, and Mitchell '77. entered. Mitchell 
won, jumping 15.65 feet. 

Ylll. Hurdle race, over six hurdles forty feet 
apart and three and one-half feel high. Mitchell 
'77 and Alden 76 ran. Alden won in 15 seconds. 

IX. Two-mile walk. Wheeler '76 and Marrett 



76 competed. Won by Marrett, time 18.15. 
Wheeler's time was 20.30. 

X. Standing long jump. Roberts 77 and Cobb 

77 competed. Cobb wou, jumping 9.75 feet. 

Owing to the extreme cold weather, the 
contestants labored under much disadvantage, 
yet greater interest was manifested than at 
any previous Field Day, presaging good suc- 
cess next spring. 

ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and Friends of the 
College.] 

Class of 1850. 

John P. Abbot, physician, Warren, R. I. 

F. Adams, lawyer, Bath, Me. 

Samuel P. Buck, physician, Woolwich, 
Me. 

John J. Bulfmch, minister, Freeport, Me. 

Charles E. Butler, when last heard from, 
was in business in Ashport, Lauderdale Co., 
Tenn. 

Charles C. Everett, Professor in Harvard 
Divinity School, Cambridge. 

Wm. P. Frye, member of Congress from 
Second District, residing at Lewiston, Me. 

Wm. S. Gardner, lawyer in Boston. 

Henry F. Harding, minister, now-residing 
in Hallowell, Me. 

Samuel L. Hodgman, in the wholesale 
iron trade, Hodgman & Moseley, Boston. 

O. O. Howard, Major General U. S. A., 
now in command in Oregon. 

Geo. F. Jackson, physician, New York 
City. 

John X. Jewett, lawyer. Chicago, 111. 

A. Morrill. Baptist minister, Painted Post, 
Steuben Co., X. V. 

P. S. Perley, lawyer. Henry, Marshall 
Co., 111. 

John S. Sewall, Professor of Sacred Rhet- 
oric and Oratory, in Theological Seminary. 
Bangor, Me. 



106 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Geo. H. Vose, farmer, San Lorenzo, Cal. 

'53. — The Mirror states that Rev. Wra, 
Carruthers of Calais, has received a call to 
the South Church, Pittsfield, Mass. 

'66. — S. B. Carter is President of the 
Common Council of Newburyport, Mass. ; 
also President of the Young Men's Christian 
Association of that city. 

'66. — C. M. Beecher is a partner in a large 
lumber firm in Bridgeport, Conn. 

'67. — Oren Cobb is at the head of the old 
established school for boys at Cornwall on 
the Hudson. 

'69. — Wm. P. Morgan is practicing law 
and running a real-estate brokerage in Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

'74. — W. H. Moulton has recently gone 
into the banking business, firm of Woodbury 
& Moulton, Portland, Me. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The Crimson publishes a copy of President 
Buckham's letter to the editor of the Vermont Be- 
cord and Farmer, in which he explains why the 
University of Vermont sent no crew to Saratoga 
last summer ; and proceeds to criticise it in a man- 
ner at once savage and flippant. However unfortu- 
nate President Buckham's letter may he — and though 
not very delicate in expression, it is, on the whole, 
a fair statement of the ground taken by the oppos- 
ers of the regattas — the style of criticism in which 
" W. M. C." attacks it is quite beneath the dignity 
of a paper of the standing of the Crimson. The 
Crimson should have suppressed the article from 
simple and manly self-respect, and never have al- 
lowed such a departure from its usual standard of 
excellence. 

Why will the Index persist in selecting such lu- 
gubrious themes? It is now out strongly with an 
article entitled, "Etchings on Gravestones." 

That elegant little sheet with the dubious com- 
plexion, which rejoices in the cognomen Dartmouth, 
is just at hand. Its poet, who signs himself " Gem- 
ini" — probably because he is too silly for anything ! 
— proposes conundrums, as follows : — 

"0 why do licit flowers of lovo 
Spring up in the hearts of men, 
Spreading a sweet perfume 



Over the darkness and gloom? 

Why should the heart he a marsh and a fen 

With dissonant shriek of raven's voice ? " 

We do not know, having never had the subject 
thus forcibly presented to us before. But Gemini, 
who is 

" Sick of the noise and the stir 

Of a busy and heartless world 

Sneering at sorrow and pain, 

"With the banners of fraud unfurled," 
and who spends his elegant leisure 

"In a graveyard still, so still 

That the pulse's beat he hears," 

has without doubt given much time to the consider- 
ation of these ghostly questions. He probably 
knows all about the drainage, etc., necessary to 
bring the " marsh and fen" to that state of cultiva- 
tion in which the "flowers of love" will spring and 
spread first-class odors, in spite of any unpleasant 
noises the ravens and crows may see fit to make. 
Will he be kind enough to give a " busy and heart- 
less world" the statistics, that we may judge 
whether the crop promises to repay the outlay ? 

In regard to Harvard's proposed withdrawal 
from the Rowing Association, the Advocate has the 
following : — 

" The question of Harvard's withdrawal from the 
Inter-collegiate Rowing Association has been de- 
cided in the negative. The considerations inducing 
this decision were solely those of the propriety of 
Harvard leaviug an Association which she had tak- 
en the first steps to form, as a member of which she 
had never won a race ; by leaving which, therefore, 
she must render herself liable to the imputation of 
confessing that her new competitors were too strong 
for her, and of being guilty of cowardice in wishing 
to regain the prestige of victory at the expense of 
limiting the number of her opponents to one. These 
views, held by both graduates and uuder-graduates, 
determined Harvard's action. The question of the 
advantages which might be expected from a return 
to the old single contest with Yale was not raised 
nor discussed for a moment. During the last year, 
Harvard men had repeatedly expressed their belief 
that a return to the old system would be for the 
best; and, indeed, even now there is no doubt that 
a majority of the boating men see greater advan- 
tages in leaving than in remaining in the Associa- 
tion. But, in recent college discussions, all such 
considerations were rightly made secondary to the 
chief points at issue, and the result was a decision 
against withdrawal." 

We have received " Selections for Reading and 
Elocution," by J. W. Keene. The book has been 
prepared for the use of the classes in Elocution in 
the Evening High School of Boston. It is in paper 
covers, and is from the press of A. G. Tenney. The 
book is well printed, and the selections are very 
good indeed. 



Btwitla §: 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, NOVEMBER 17, 1875. 



No. 10. 



ORPHEUS. 


Lulled to deep, 
Forgetful sleep 


In the land of warlike Thracia, 
In the sunshine, in the woodlands, 


By his music, Orpheus passes. 

Xow is gained grim Pluto's dwelling, 


"Where the voice of nature speaketb, 


Made of black, remorseless marble. 


"Where his life 

"Was free from strife, 
Orpheus, with his loved one, chanted 
Forth his soul in God-like music. 


All around 
Is sleep profound. 
But one figure sees he only, 
Making heart to beat the faster, 


Peace was dwelling in his bosom, 


Brain to whirl with joy and transport ! 


But his peace 
"Was soon to cease ! 


"With a kiss 

Uc tells his bliss. 


Like an ever-springing fountain, 
Pure and holy, is love's passion ; 
All must bow beneath its power. 
Love alone 


Downcast eyelids gently shading 
Melting eyes of violet blue, 
Sorrow stamped upon each feature — 
Thus she stands 


The world doth own. 


"With outstretched hands. 


In his childhood learned he music 
From the birds and running brooklets; 
Such its force naught could resist it, 


Orpheus whispers to her, " Follow ! " 
She obeys, although still dreaming, 
But her dream to life is turning, 


Trees or mountains, 


And she knows 


Rocks or fountains. 


An end to woes ! 


Soon his life is changed to sorrow, 


Orpheus' heart is trembling in him ; 


Soon his music disregarded ; 


Longs to clasp her to his bosom ; 


Death bereaves him of his loved one. 


The temptatiou overcomes him. 


His life's joys 
The grave destroys. 


Xow he turns ! 
His bosom burns ! 


Crushed in spirit, broken-hearted, 
Lute unstrung, a prey to anguish, 
Orpheus wanders through the wide laud; 
And he knows 


Clasping empty air unto him, 
Seeing Fate lay hand upon her, 
Drag her back to utter darkness, 
No wonder 


Not where he goes. 


That asunder 


In a dream he sees a vision — 
Sees fair Venus come unto him, 
"Who reminds him that his music 
E'en hath charm 


From his spirit flies his reason ! 
As a slender, graceful maple 
Bends its head, while storm is raging, 
Till at hist 


Death to disarm. 


The evil blast 


"Seek thou Pluto! Soothe his spirit, 
Pouring forth thy charming music: 
Whisper to thy loved one, ' Follow ! ' 
But look not back 


Snaps its straining stem, and splintered, 
Palls to earth, its young life ruined. 
Even so his head bows Orpheus 
To his fate 


Upon thy track- 
Till the light of heaven shines on thee." 


Disconsolate. 

Q. c. 


Joyful, Orpheus hears these tidings, 




And his soul again awakens, 




As the flowers 

Beneath spring showers. 
O'er the boiling, pitchy river, 
By the hundred-headed Hydra, 
Cerberus, and nameless terrors, 


The Senior pints have been assigned to 
the following men: Andrews, Hates, E. H. 
Kimball, Libby, Perry, Payne, Sargent, and 
Waitt. 



110 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



OUR ENGLISH. 

Let nobody suppose that we intend to say 
any thing about the peculiar phraseology, 
commonly called college slang ; for, call it 
what you will, it is not English, and at a mere 
hint of including that class of words in the 
Queen's English, we should expect to see the 
spirit of Dean Alford appear to utter a protest. 
We, however, would say a few words about 
the utter disregard of rules of grammar shown 
by many persons. It is incredible that this 
should arise from ignorance, it must spring 
from negligence ; and, from the frequenc}' of 
the errors, very many common mistakes go 
unnoticed until attention is called to them, 
even when the perpetrator, at a moment's 
thought, would preceive the mistake. This 
is exactly the ease in regard to grammatical 
errors — they are frequent because uncorrected. 

It is worse than ridiculous for students at 
college, who are supposed to have a full 
knowledge of the common rules of grammar, 
to forget them or to be so utterly regardless 
of them. For anybody to pursue a college 
course in modern languages and yet use such 
an expression as "hadn't ought," or confound 
the cases of pronouns or the relation of the 
subject and verb, which mistakes are by no 
means uncommon, is much like studying high- 
er mathematics without correctly using the 
elements. Grammatical accuracy, it is true, 
can not be attained without great care, and 
much more care is required in speaking than 
in writing. The occasional blunderer is not 
without some excuse. Mistakes directly 
opposed to rules of grammar are to be found 
in the writings of authors who are acknowl- 
edged masters of the English language; and 
moreover, in passages which were probably 
reviewed many times ; for example, Macaulay 
has committed the error of using " was " for 
" were," and Addison in one passage uses the 
plural number where the singular would be 
grammatically correct. Since writers of their 
rank occasionally used bad English, there is, 



perhaps, some excuse for others ; but to habit- 
ually abuse one's mother tongue without any 
attempt at correction, is to put away one 
proof of true culture. The old injunction to 
think twice before speaking once, is quite as 
applicable to the manner of expressing thought 
as to thought itself. 

Educated persons are, moreover, responsi- 
ble in a great degree for the corruption which 
is continually at work in the English language. 
Everybod}' at all familiar with the dictionaries, 
which should be the strict guardians of the 
purity of language, has probably noticed many 
superfluous and inaccurate words, which are 
received as a legitimate part of the language, 
because found in writers usually considered 
authorities; and so large has this class of 
words become that one can not be sure that he 
is not using them. It is a favorite way with 
writers on this subject to lay the responsibil- 
ity in the matter upon the shoulders of jour- 
nalists and writers of yellow-covered novels. 
That this charge is to some extent just, is 
very evident ; they give currency to what 
might otherwise be a purely local expression, 
or it would soon be forgotten. That the re- 
sponsibility of their final incorporation into 
the language rests upon educated persons is 
also very evident. 

Many of these corruptions arise from the 
attempts of uneducated people to use words 
whose pronunciation and significance they 
imperfectly understand. Valueless as such a 
word would be, it nevertheless is carelessly 
used, and gradually finds its way from the 
works of the lower class of authors into writ- 
ings of the highest literary rank. The edu- 
cated class also originate a part of these 
words. Many terms are thus derived from 
other languages, or unusual meanings are 
given to words already in use, without con- 
sidering whether there are not words which 
express exactly the same meaning. In all 
cases it is necessary to prove that a word is 
really needed, that there is none which con- 



B01VD0W ORIENT. 



Ill 



veys the same meaning, before it should be 
accepted. So numerous have these superflu- 
ous and corrupt words become, that the dic- 
tionaries often mislead, and even the critics 
of those works sometimes commit the same 
errors which they condemn. It is, then, a 
subject of great interest and importance to 
study the origin of some of our most common 
words, and to avoid the use of the spurious, 
as far as possible. 

We have spoken of words taken with 
some change from foreign languages; there 
are many phrases which have been incorpor- 
ated without change and without considering 
English words which are equally good. These 
tire often used contrary to the demands of 
good taste, and the speaker exposes himself to 
the charge of being pedantic and affected. If 
our memory serves us, it is the poet Bryant 
who is reported to have advised a young- 
writer to use foreign words with caution, 
stating that in his long experience he had 
never met with such a word whose meaning 
was not equally well expressed by a word 
purely English. 



MOTHER GOOSE FOR THE SENIORS. 

To those Seniors who think their Geology 
(if primary importance arc dedicated these 
effusions of the editorial pen. We absolutely 
refuse to answer any questions in regard to 
the state cif tic Muse when they were pro- 
duced, and those who will persist in thinking 
that her Muck" bottle contained anything 

stronger than tansy tea we shall ever regard 

as our natural enemies. 



Sin- ;i long of granite, trap, ami porphyry; 
Mica, Bctaist, ami feldspar, mixed confusedly. 

When tho beds were opened, w lerful to 

Lauuiontite ami . bueideritc oi ami' i I 



The qrtartz is red, the quartz is blue 
'flu' quartz is white, ami purple too. 



In jasper, opal, hornstoue, sand, 
Agate, and flint, always at hand. 



Hey, diddle, diddle ! 
The Ci-iuoid shall fiddle, 
The Graptolites dauce 'neath the inoou ; 
The Trilohites sleep, 

And the Lingula weep, 
While the Orthis eats mud with a spoon. 



"What shall we do for the Aealcphs' apatite ? 
Feed them on quartz of gneiss mica aud chert. 
Give them a beryl of superfine doleryte, 
Blende it with whacks that it do them no hurt. 



An ostraeoid crustacean 
Is an abomination ; 
The polyps aud the mollusks, 
We hold them much the same. 
Selachian and gauoid, 
With scales cycloid or ctenoid, 
A Senior will not trouble 
Who is worthy of the name. 



A Trilobite sat on a stone 
And mused to itself all alone ;- 

" 1 do not like ale 

And I can not get wiue; 

Was ever a tale 

So hard as mine .' " 



Tl:r Crab loved the Plesiosaurus, 
Ami was certainly nut to blame. 

But hi- I"\'' wd tin. Pterodactyl, 
All mi accouul hi' bis name ! 



The Is. .p. n| ate for its supper 

The whole of a tufa pie. 
1 1'' 1 1 1 1 1 -I I brow the ball' nl' it up, or 

As sure as fate in- will die. 



RymenophylliU -. [quanodon! 
liit your pencils ready, draw psilopbyton. 
Stcphun&phylUa, I rocordgli! 

if you '.inni. t do i'. then prepare to die. 



Here comes an Eryon to light you t.. bed, 
Ami an Ichthyosaurus to bite off your head. 



112 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVEEY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUE- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Aelo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Eowe. 

Teems — $2 00 a year, in advance; siugle copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
sou's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 10.— November 17, 1875. 

Orpheus 1 09 

Our English 110 

Mother Goose for the Seniors Ill 

Editorial Notes 112 

Local 115 

Alumni Notes 117 

Editors' Table 118 

EDITORIAL NOTES. 



Some men in college do not seem to re- 
alize in the least degree the position in which 
they place themselves by their conduct in 
recitations. We choose to put the case thus 
mildly, because we hope that, for the reputa- 
tion of any students at Bowdoin, they are 
not so utterly unmindful of their relations to 
their classmates and of respect to instructors as 
to willfully disturb a recitation. Let not our 
readers suppose that we purpose to preach a 
long sermon about conduct in recitation, and 
to lay down rules against whispering, &c. 
We are too well aware of our own short- 
comings to do anything of that kind, and 



would not wish to set up ourselves as pat- 
terns of good conduct. But we sometimes 
notice actions which are surely annoying to 
the majority of the class as well as to the 
professor. They may not say so ; no student 
is willing openly to criticise another's action, 
but we are sure that nobody in a thoughtful 
moment would countenance anything which 
would give annoyance to an instructor, who 
is one of the most revered and honored of 
our professors, and to whom the oldest grad- 
uate looks with respect. 

There are likewise obligations of courtesy 
in every recitation, due to both teacher and 
scholar. If one has no interest in what is 
going on, the least he can do is to leave un- 
disturbed those who are interested; should 
he not agree with anything said, lie forfeits 
by any captious opposition or disturbance all 
regard for himself or his views. If, in col- 
lege, persons do not act as gentlemen, we 
know not when they will, or what considera- 
tion they can expect. 



" No student shall eat or drink in any tav- 
ern, store, shop, or victualing house, unless in 
company with his parent or guardian, nor at- 
tend any theatrical entertainment, or any idle 
show in Brunswick or Topsham ; . . . nor 
engage in any military parade, nor keep a gun 
or pistol near the college, nor, without per- 
mission of the executive government, go a- 
shooting or fishing ; under the penaltj' of ad- 
monition, suspension, dismission, or rustica- 
tion." Laws of Bowdoin College, 1837. 

Such were the dreadful laws which made 
our fathers' lives a burden and a weariness to 
the flesh. Think of having to carry a glass 
of soda outside the shop to drink it ! Think 
of its being necessary for even a Senior to 
have a guardian if he wished to dine at the 
Tontine ! Think of being cut off from the 
inestimable privilege of attending the negro 
concert, theatre comique, or other worldly 
show. Were it not that rustication was often 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



113 



a most pleasant thing to take, when parsons 
were very near-sighted, and had uncommonly 
pretty daughters, our fathers would not have 
lived to be our fathers ; but must have early 
fallen victims to the hard rule under which 
they lived. 

" But times are changed since then, 
Ami life** a different thing! " 

The- " Black Crook "' is now patronized, and 
traveling performers reap a rich harvest from 
students whose guardians are far away. Once 
we were lured from the paths of strict recti- 
tude, and attended an exhibition in which 
" great and unparalleled feats of prestidigita- 
torial legerdemain" were to delight and fas- 
cinate the admiring and wonder-stricken audi- 
ence. We paid our bit of dirty scrip into the 
still dirtier hand of the dirtiest doorkeeper we 
ever saw, and forced our way to the seat 
which our check indicated. Never had Le- 
mont Hall been filled by a crowd of more 
rank — odors ! The box-shops and the facto- 
ries had both contributed their wit and their 
beauty. Bad French and worse English were 
to be heard, mingled witli very respectable 
, Irish brogue. All the colors of the rainbow 
were displayed in the dresses of the Kanucks. 
Red and blue, yellow and green, magenta and 
scarlet, were mixed witli the most heart-rend- 
ing contrasts and combinations. 

At length appeared the great magician, 
(lie world-renowned Monsieur Herr Signor 
Bonschmeidtteue, and the wonderful per- 
formance began. As impossibility after im- 
possibility was displayed to our delighted 
view, a French girl behind us became mure 
and mure excited. " 3L»i (lieu."' she cried 
out at last, ",/e ne piiix voir how in the nt;\ n. 
he does it '." We thought she put the wrong 
part of her sentence in English, but forebore 
to remonst rate. 

And al last, when all was done, when sil- 
ver dollars wen' no longer to lie taken from 
ladies' ears, or packs of cards from the pock- 



ets and hats of the gentlemen ; when the 
gentle box-shop damsels had become quite 
demonstrative and unrestrained in their man- 
ifestations of astonishment and delight ; we 
were informed that we were to file by the 
ticket office and receive each a gift. This 
was a climax at once of our joy and horror. 
With true Yankee instinct we desired the 
gift, and with something of a natural fastidi- 
ousness we thought of being borne along in 
that unwashed crowd. We had, it is true, no 
choice. We were hurried powerless along, 
and received at last the gift of — ye gods! — a 
box of hair-pins ! We tore free from the 
crowd, and sadder and wiser, rushed franti- 
cally home to take a bath. 



There are tales and tales of college life. 
An old graduate recently related to our admir- 
ing ears a story of his own time, whereof the 
purport was something as follows. If the 
story is spoiled in the telling it is our fault, 
for as we received it it was very jolly. 

Two chums occupied a room in the mirth 
end M. H., and shared not only bed and board, 
but confidence and regard. So closely were 
they united that the inevitable nicknames, 
Damon and Pythias, were given them by their 
classmates. But a cloud came over the scene. 
Each attempted to gain the same maiden's 
love, and neither was willing to share with 
his chum. For a long time they seemed to 
be equally successful. If Carl took the fair 
Blousabella to a dance. Tom was sure to ask 
and obtain the pleasure of her company upon 
a ride : and so things went on. 

At last, however. Call Downs look a des- 
perate resolve. Tom Ilaekelt had accompan- 
ied Blousabella home from some festh e scene, 
such as the good people of Brunswick delight 
to honor the students with. Her home was 
far down the Bath load, and Tom had a way 
of cutting across the cemetery to shorten his 
homeward way. On the night of which we 
speak, Tom came whistling along, all thoughts 



114 



B0WB01N ORIENT. 



of the dead driven far away by delightful 
memories of the living Blousabella. 

When about half-way through the ceme- 
tery, Tom suddenly perceived a dark figure 
seated upon a prostrate tombstone. It was a 
clear, crisp night in November, aud the moon 
was shining clearly ; the figure was, however, 
so seated in the shadow that it was impossible 
to make it out clearly. 

" Good evening, Tom Hackett," said the 
figure. 

"Really," said Tom, "you have the ad- 
vantage of me." 

" I've been waiting for you some time," 
continued the figure. " Your farewells were 
long to-night." 

" The devil ! " exclaimed Tom. 

" Well, yes," returned the other; "only 
I prefer to be called Sir Baron, or Mephis- 
topheles." 

" You are a scholar," said Tom, lighting a 
cigar without offering the other any. " You've 
evidently read ' Faust.' " 

" I used to read a good deal," answered 
the stranger. " I'm too busy nowadays, and 
the modern novels give me the dyspepsia. 
Won't you be seated, Tom?" 

" Thanks," said Tom. " You're a gentle- 
man as well as a scholar." 

" It is — cold, and we'd best finish our 
business at once," continued the evil one. " I 
must be in Constantinople by daylight." 

" Ah ! " said the other coolly. " What's 
up ? " 

" The sultan's going to have his sultana 
hamstringed, and 1 must prevent it." 

"You are more merciful, Sir Baron, than 
you usually get the credit for being." 

" The fact is," returned his companion 
with charming candor, " the sultana is carry- 
ing on a flirtation with a Christian captive, 
and I can't spare her just now." 

" Very good, very pretty indeed," said 
lTom. " By the way, how much your voice is 
ike Carl Downs's. Is he a broth er of yours ? " 



" Oh, no ! " returned the Baron hastily ; 
" no relation whatever. You want money, 
don't you, Tom ? " 

" I guess 3 r ou'd think so if you knew the 
bills I owe," was the reply. " Have you any 
to spare ? " 

" Plenty of it, on good security." 

"Hum! My soul?" demanded Tom. 

" That's about the thing, Tom. Of course 
there are a few minor points, but that's the 
chief thing. I'd like to be sure of the com- 
pany of a good fellow like yourself. Things 
are dreadfully dull down below. Everybody 
has got to speculating on the new theories, 
and then politics runs high ; I have all the 
politicians, you see. 'Pon my word, Tom, I 
haven't a soul that I can depend upon to play 
whist of an evening but Cleopatra and Judas 
Iscariot. You play a neat game, Tom." 

" It is really kind of you to say it," replied 
Tom. " You'll give me Cleopatra for a part- 
ner, I suppose ? What are the minor condi- 
tions?" 

" Why — you'll have to give up Blousa- 
bella. I can't have you in the hands of a 
good woman, of course." 

" But you'll let me take her to the dance* 
on Thanksgiving night, Avon't j^ou?" 

" I'll be d — d if I do, Tom ! " cried the 
Baron, jumping up so quickly that his mask 
fell off. 

" You'll be likely to be, anyway," retorted 
Tom unmoved. " Come, chum, let's go home. 
Blousabella told me to-night that she is en- 
gaged to that Brown that was here last Com- 
mencement." 



This promises to be a good winter for 
dances, though we hear that there is some 
difficulty in obtaining enough gentlemen to 
make them " pay." 

Amasa Walker, the author of The Science 
of Wealth, which the Seniors are at pres- 
ent studying, is dead. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



115 



LOCAL. 

"Football!" 

Gooil morning — crape. 

Men-at-arms — paupers. 

" Look out for the second stage." 

Elections are over; no more fun. 

The Bugle is to he printed at Lewiston. 

Where, where, is the good old skele- 
ton ? 

New catalogues will be out in about a 
week. 

There is some talk in College of organiz- 
ing a Bowdoin Rifle Corps. 

The champion cup has been sent back to 
the makers to be re-lettered. 

Hariiman, formerly of '75, has been ad- 
mitted to the Waldo County bar. 

"When he asked him if he used a "horse," 
all the answer that he received was " neigh." 

The Seniors have finished Paley's Evi- 
dences and have commenced Butler's Anal- 
ogy. 

Perry, of the Senior class, has been ap- 
pointed by the Faculty to take charge of the 
Peucinian library. 

Fresh. — '"To be, or not to be, that is 
the question.' Let's be-ah, ehiim." And they 
did, down at the depot. 

Captain Caziarc, who is to take the place 
nl' Major Sanger, has arrived at College, and 
entered upon his duties. 

Scene in Geolog3 r : Prof. — - What mineral 
is generally found in chalk- beds?" Student, 
stroking his chin — "Plaster." 

Scene in Butler: Prof. — "In what other 
way dn we sec than through our natural 
c\ es 7 " Student — " By spectacles ! " 



Prof. — '• What is the bone of the Squid 
called? " Stu. — "The — the — the lucky-bone." 
Prof. — "The bone is luckier than your an- 



The Athenian Society have reduced their 
initiation fee from two dollars to a dollar and 
a-half, and their term tax from a dollar to 
fifty cents. 

Prof. Tenne3 r , of Williams College, deliv- 
ered a lecture under the auspices of the Senior 
Class, last Friday evening. Subject : Great 
Salt Lake and the Yosemite. 

Prof. — "Have we certain proof that if a 
child lives to be twenty years old he will be- 
come a man ? " Student — " Xo. We have 
not certain proof. lie may die!" 

A week ago last Saturday morning a 

| mock rope-pull took place in front of the 

[ chapel, and Giirdjian took a picture of the 

| scene, also a stereoscopic view, which can be 

obtained from him. 

First Senior — " Well, what do you think 
of specie payment ? " Second Sen. — "I think 

1 just this way. Mixed currency is detrimental 
to business and — " First Sen. — " Yes, I know 
all that, butmy theory is — " and so on for two 

i hours. 

The College had an adjourn from all exer- 
cises after 10.30 a.m. mi Nov. 15th. It was 
granted to enable the students i<> attend a 
launching at Pennellville. ' >ur adjourns thus 
far have been tew ami far between, and we 
are all the more thankful for those we do get. 
•• Small favors," etc 

Stockbridge, of Portland, is giving vocal 
Lessons every Tuesday to a number nl' the 
students and town people. Those who de- 
sire good instruction will do well id give him 
a call. Judging from si. me id the evening 
singing so common of late, we should think 
thai if all w ho needed lessons took them, be 

w mild uet a class of about a hundred. 



116 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



The Junior class has elected officers for 
the ensuing year, and it is understood that 
the} r will serve Ivy Day. President, Roberts ; 
Vice President, Tillson ; Marshal, Wiggin ; 
Orator, Morrill ; Poet, C. A. Perry ; Chap- 
lain, Chapman ; Secretary, Knight ; Treas- 
urer, Brown ; Committee of Arrangements — 
Peary, Bolster, and Ingalls. 

When the class of '68 graduated from 
college, a certain number of them pledged 
themselves to give to the AthenEean Library 
fifty dollars apiece in books. Emery was ap- 
pointed to make the selection of books, and 
has lately sent to the library part of their do- 
nation, consisting of two very fine volumes of 
" The Variorum Shakespeare." 

At a meeting of the Freshman class the 
following officers were elected : President, 
Tarbox ; Vice President, Fifield ; Orator, 
Carleton ; Poet, Johnson ; Historian, Brown ; 
Prophet, Henderson ; Toast Master, Beane ; 
Secretary, Smith ; Treasurer, Kimball; Com- 
mittee of Arrangements — Byron, Ring, and 
Dinsmore ; Committee on Odes — Hastings, 
Castner, and H. E. Bourne. 

The Senior class have elected the follow- 
ing officers : President, Sanford ; Marshal, 
Alclen ; Orator, Andrews ; Poet, (unfilled) ; 
Historian, Waitt ; Prophet, Morrill ; Parting 
Address, Hawes ; Odist, White; Chaplain, 
Clark ; Treasurer, Wilson ; Committee of 
Arrangements — Parker, Libby, Burnham ; 
Committee on Music — Rowe, Hall, Prince ; 
Committee on Pictures — Parsons, Newcomb, 
Evans. 

A truly affecting scene took place in chap- 
el the other Sunday evening. Just as the 
hell was about to stop ringing, a half-a-dozen 
or more Sophomores walked wearily up the 
aisle, each struggling under the weight of a 
new plug hat. Upon coming out from pray- 
ers the upper classes formed a double line 
and allowed them to pass down the middle. 



" This is 'tile," said one of them, rapping the 
edge of his late purchase, and walked off ap- 
parently as well as ever. 

The north end of Winthrop Hall is com- 
ing again to the front in the line of improve- 
ments. It is now lighted by gas, and pro- 
poses to regain its ancient glory by becoming 
the aristocratic end in College. They say 
that you can already distinguish the men who 
room there by a certain way in which they 
carry themselves, as though they Avere above 
the ordinary troubles and cares of this life, 
and it didn't make a cent (tial) difference to 
them whether their oil-cans were full or not. 

If there is one thing in the world which 
is enough " to stir a fever in the blood of age 
or make infant sinews strong as steel," it is 
to put a notice on the bulletin board and come 
back in half an hour and find it gone, or to 
post one in the dead of night and have it torn 
off by some one on his way to breakfast. It 
has become a positive nuisance. There are 
so many men who are collecting memorabilia, 
in whose eyes the notice of a class meeting or 
the advertisement of an old stove is " a thing 
of beauty," that it has become reduced to a 
science to steal off with the precious thing 
as soon as the owner's back is turned. It is 
of about as much use to put a notice on one 
side of the bulletin board as it is to put it on 
the other. There ought to be sufficient cour- 
tesy among the students to leave such things 
alone until they have served the purpose for 
which they were posted. 



"Only a lock of golden hair," 

The lover wrote — "Perchance to-night 
It formeth, upon her pillow fair, 

A halo bright." 

" Only a lock of golden hair," 

The maiden smiling, sweetly said, 

As she laid it over the back of a chair 
And went to bed. 



-Tyro. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



117 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and Friends of the 
College.] 

'71. — Edw. P. Mitchell is literary editor 
of N. Y. Sun. 

Class of '72. 

Abbott, address, Biddeford, Me. 

Ackley, teaching, Peak's Island, Port- 
land. Married and has one child. 

At wood, Principal of High School, Sau- 
gns Centre, Mass. Married and has one 
child. 

Benson, practicing law at Paris, Me. 

Bickford, Theol. Sem., Bangor. Married. 

Coggan, Principal of Nichols Academy, 
Dudley, Mass. Married and has one child. 

Cummings, M.D., graduated at Coll. of 
Phys. and Surg., N. Y. City. Address, 20 
Park St., Portland, Me. 

Dow, practicing law, 145 Broadway, N.Y. 

Frost, Principal of High School, Thomas- 
ton, Me. 

Goodwin, graduated at Amherst in '73, 
is in insurance business, Biddeford, Me. 

Gross, in the Senior class of Columbia 
Law School. Address, 29 Washington Place. 

Harris, teacher of music, 252 Sixth St., 
Boston. 

Heath, Principal of Washington Acad., 
E. Machias, Me. 

Hooker, 2d unite ship '-Sterling," address, 
Gardiner, Me. 

Ireland, practicing law, Nebraska Citv, 

Nrh. 

Lewis, Asst. Treas. Savings Bank, Gardi- 
ner, Me. 

Meads, Theol. Sem., Lewiston. Married 
and has one child. 

Mitchell, practicing medicine. Frveburg, 
Me. 

Richards, Theol. Sem., Bangor, Married. 

Kicker, in business, in Portland. Married. 



Rogers, Theol. Sem., Bangor. Married 
and has one child. 

Sampson, graduated with '73, enters 
Theol. Sem., Andover, 1875. 

Seiders, teaching, at Waltham, Mass. 

Shannon, M.D., Asst. Surgeon, U. S. A., 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

Spaulding, M.D., Asst. Physician, City 
Lunatic Asylum, -Blackwell's Island, X. Y. 

Stone, farming, Jay, Me. 

Totman, hardware, Allen & Totman. Ken- 
dall's Mills, Me. 

Whitaker, editor and proprietor of South- 
bridge Journal, Southbridge, Mass. Married 
and has one child. 

Wilder, just returned from studying at 
Leipsic. Address 242 Carroll Park, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

'74. — C. F. Kimball, studying law in Co- 
lumbia Law School, and in office of Brown, 
Hall & Vanderpoel, Xo. 291 Broadway, N.Y. 

A Sophomore has discovered that Long- 
fellow is not an admirer of art ; for doesn't 
he say : " Dust thou art ? " — Advocate. 

A doctor, attending a wit who was very 
ill, apologized for being late one day by sav- 
ing that he had to stop to see a man that had 
fallen down a well. " Did he kick the bucket, 
doctor?'' inquired the other. — Ex. 

A professor lately disturbed the reigning 
quietness of the class hall, by giving a sharp 

knock on the desk, and a New Yorker who 
was half asleep shouted " Keno ! " and ran 
up to the desk with his book in both hands. 
Murder will out. — /»</•'./■. 

About as sad and melancholy a picture as 
we can conceive of, is a Freshman with four 
conditions, sitting by the window with his 
pale face in his attenuated hands, and crying 
for his mother, while a crowd of Sophomores 
are hammering at the door and vociferously 
demanding his life's blood. — Courant. 



118 



BOWDOIN 0B1ENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The Trinity Tablet contains a very sensible arti- 
cle entitled "American Humor." 

The N. W. Coll. Chronicle comes to us for the 
first time in magazine form. While we are most 
decidedly in favor of the sheet form for ourselves, 
we must confess the Chronicle rnuch improved in 
appearance. 

The Williams Athenceum is happy ! They have 
a new and unique "yell." It is also simple and fit 
for universal adoption. The Ath. says : — 

"The new 'yell,' 'Rah! Rah! Rah! Will- 
yums-yams-yums, Willyums,' has "been received 
with general approbation. Probably no better col- 
lege yell could be fouud for use." 

How would "Rah! Rah! Rah! Bowdums-ams- 
ums, Bowdums," do for a yell here ? The yell must 
have "been invented by an Ath. editor. 

The Packer Quarterly is at hand, and shows 
about its average merit iu the selection and treat- 
ment of subjects. Its appearance is somewhat 
" marred by the extreme carelessness of its proof- 
readers, and its freshness by the array of old 
jokes which adorn its Editor's Table. 

The Brunonian opens a new volume with a 
marked improvement in dress. If the Brunonian 
could be congratulated on a corresponding improve- 
ment iu contents, it would be one of our best ex- 
changes. 

The Hamilton Lit. speaks very sensibly regard- 
ing the action of the Faculty iu suspending the 
Freshman class. "We do not think, however, that 
all its conclusions are just. The Lit. says : — 

"It [the bolt] may seem to have united the class, 
but this will prove to be an illusion. Instead of 
strengthening the confidence of individual members 
in the others, it will create mutual suspicion. Any 
attempt to arouse enthusiasm will hereafter be re- 
garded with distrust. It is safe to predict that, if 
this class return, it will be subject to factions in an 
unusual degree; that disruptions will occur which 
may bo traced directly to the iufiuence of this bolt. 
It has been the experience of the past, it will be in 
time to come. It is simply an inevitable result." 

While the effect of the prompt and decided ac- 
tion of the Faculty will undoubtedly be to make 
the suspended class more guarded in its future con- 
duct, it is not at all a necessary sequence that the 
class shall be subject to factions. Indeed, as far as 
our observation has extended, the claim that the 
class will bo more closely united, is a true one. 



The Mercury is both elegant in general appear- 
ance and gentlemanly in tone. 

The Uni. Herald uses as a motto : — 
"A good college paper is worth more for the 
moral and gentlemanly tone of college life than a 
library of by-laws, and an army of faculty spies." — 
N. Y. Independent. 

Why do they not have ouo at Syracuse ? 

The editors of the Acta Columbiana offer a prize 
of $25 " for the best article on any subject of gen- 
eral importance, except religion and politics." 

The Tufts Collegian publishes an article en- 
titled " Supply," which from the single fact that 
there arc only from four to nine syllables on a hue, 
we conclude to bo meant for poetry. The title — if 
title it be, and not a delicate hint from editor to au- 
thor that he wishes no more — has no connection 
whatever with the subject matter of this brilliant 
effusion. It seems that the author — a Freshman 
we take it — " bent him in a hushed amaze," what- 
ever that may be, aud — 

" Underneath his very feet 

Some one was singing, soft and low, — 

' seed of oak, prepare ! 

The snns have come again.' " 

The beauty of the song is enhanced when we con- 
sider the difficulty of vocal efforts " underneath his 
very feet." How poetical the euphuism " seed of 
oak" for acorn! "The sons have come again," 
brings to mind a thousand tender thoughts of the 
return to college, and in the associatiou of images 
lies the essence of poetry ! 

We would gladly give more of this touching- 
production, but have only space to add that the au- 
thor was 

"Born out of time!" 

He struggles manfully against his hard fate, how- 
ever, and exhorts all his readers to 

. . . "Sing alway, — 

' mother, mother mine ! 

Dost thou not know, 

Though thy lamps are unlighted, 

Thou need'st nut stand affrighted V 

Our way will show.'' 

Show ! 

" Some lives take early blight, 
Others run on. 
Earth musters new energy, 
Life does prevail mightily; 
It recks not what is gone.' " 

We hope this talented Freshman's life will take no 
" early blight," but " run on " to bring the honor it 
promises to gain for its proud Alma Mater. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, DECEMBER 1, 187.5. 



No. 11. 



THE SPINNER. 

T. 

The Spinner sought the highest room, 
As downward sank the sun ; 

She took her wheel amid the gloom, 
And swift and deft she spun. 

" Ho is false ! " she said upon the stair; 

" Most false !" as grew the thread. 
She startled the chill silence there 

"With murmured words of dread. 

She drew the flax out fine and long; 

To a wild, wistful lay 
She twisted into troubled song 

A spell strange powers obey. 



The Sailor paced his narrow deck 
And watched the sun go down ; 

And of his new love did he reck, 
Sewing her wedding gown. 

Ah ! "slowly seemed his boat to go, 
Slow passed the hours along. 

Till lie again her voice should kuow, 
Singing some well-loved song. 

Out on the sea, pauseless as doom, 
The sure tides flood and run ; 

There in the tower's highest room 
Tlir Spinner sang and spun. 

II. 

"When at sunset, on the land, 
The Spinner climbed the stair, 

Over the sea, on either hand, 
The sky of eloud was bare. 

I'.ut as she drew the fatal thread, 

Low, moaning winds were blown : 

And as she chanted words of dread, 
Pale, litful lightnings shone. 



The Sailor's golden love-dreams fled; 

Within his troubled mind 
Remembered he, with sudden dread, 

The Spinner lefl behind. 



With sudden darkness fell the night 

In horror o'er the sea; 
The winds rushed on with gathering might; 

In deadly fear sailed be. 

Swift, fiery flashes from the sky 

Burned out amid the dark; 
Strange, fiery sparkles from the sea 

His vessel's course did mark. 

Blue, lurid lights along the shrouds 
Like enamel bale-fires glowed; 

Most direful nioanings filled the air, 
The coming wreck to bode. 

The opal stone in the Spinner's ring, 
That the Sailor wore on his hand, 

Began to gleam with sinister light. 
And shone like burning brand. 

Then straight the Spinner fin away 

He saw in vision clear; 
Above the storm her droning wheel 

Buzzed dizzj- in his ear. 

And, stalking came across the deck 
A ghastly skeleton most grim, 

That grinned, and chattered with its teeth, 
And reached its bony bauds to him. 

Out on the sea, pauseless as doom. 

The sure tides flood and run; 
There in the tower's highest room, 

The Spinner sang and spun. 

III. 

An instant in the deepening gloom 

Tin' Spinner left ber wheel ; 
An instant lulled the hitter wind 

And hushed the thunder's peal. 

she placed before tin- lattice dim 

A light which gleamed afar: 
Through the wild night it shone to him, 
Guiding him like a star. 

It called bis bark along the 

In spite of helm and oar, 
Until ho beard upon the lee 

The breakers' hungry roar. 



122 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



What sights the lightning showed around, 

As on toward death he drave ! 
He shrieked as one who breaks his swonnd, 

Borne living to his grave. 

For a hundred hungry, slimy shapes 

That crawl about the sea 
Swarmed through the foam of surf-lashed capes, 

And he their prey should be ! 

The Spinner heard the Sailor's cry, 

Amid her fatal song; 
And knew thereby his bark drew nigh, 

Drawn by her spells along. 

She shudderetb, as who in death 

Sees some most loved one laid ; 
But still she saith, with panting breath: 

" He is false ! I am betrayed ! " 

Yet once again the Sailor cried, 

And called the Spinner's name : 
On her white lips the wild song died ; 

She quenched the taper's flame. 

And with such moan as they may make 

The pains of hell who feel, 
The magic thread too late she brake, 

And stopped the fatal wheel. 

Out on the sea, pauseless as doom, 

The sure tides flood and run ; 
While, in the tower's highest room, 

The Spinner sang and spun. 

IV. 

The sun rose red in morning mists 

And tinged the flying scud ; 
And flecked the floating sea-gulls' breasts 

"With spots as red as blood. 

A broken wreck upon the shore 

The Sailor's bark was laid. 
The breakers' roar would make no more 

The sailor's heart afraid. 

"Within the tower chamber high, 

Snared in her broken thread, 
The sun's first beam touched with its gleam 

The Spinner lying dead. 

Out on the sea, pauseless as doom, 

The sure tides flood and run ; 
But in the tower's highest room 

Nevermore maiden spun. 



THE STUDY OF MATHEMATICS. 
It is with some hesitation that we under- 
take the defense of the study of mathematics, 
for we are aware that in so doing we repre- 
sent the opinion of the minority. It is a well 
known fact that to the majority of college 
students the study of mathematics is the least 
pleasing of all the studies of the curriculum. 
It is our present purpose to inquire into the 
reason of this, and to see if the reason is well 
founded. First, then, why is the study of 
mathematics so little liked ? Is it because of 
the little good resulting from a knowledge 
of their rules and formulae, and of the appli- 
cation of these in practical life, or is it simply 
because of the obstacles to be surmounted in 
acquiring a mastery of those principles ? Do 
we look to the ultimate good to be obtained, 
or do we regard only our present ease and 
inclinations ? It can not be disputed that the 
masteiy of the mathematical branches requires 
a vast deal of hard labor. And it is this very 
labor, the direction of our attention to partic- 
ular points, the searching out step by step 
certain fixed results, that is of especial advan- 
tage to us. The mind is disciplined to enter 
upon and follow out a course of reasoning in 
a straightforward manner and with definite 
ends in view. 

The ill -disciplined mind in its gropings 
after the truth is apt to be continually led 
astray by minor objects bearing upon the 
question. The study of mathematics trains 
it to keep the main point in view, and to con- 
duct all its researches in reference to this, 
laying aside every consideration not directly 
affecting the proposition to be proved. Is 
not, then, the study of great importance to 
us? If we but consider a moment we shall 
see our need of just such training. We ven- 
ture to state that those of us who are capable 
of following a subject through in a logical 
manner, keeping always in view the main 
point to be proved, and able to distinguish 
between this and the minor points, will not 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



123 



by any means compose the majority of our 
number. We have abundant evidence of this, 
both in the recitation room and in our every- 
day discussions. It is often the case that a 
man with a set of ideas capable, if properly 
arranged, of proving his case, loses it entirely 
by a lack of order, a lack of perception of the 
logical sequence of one idea to another, and 
of the exact bearing of each on the final 
result to be obtained. 

It is because of this same want of disci- 
pline that so much rambling talk arises in 
discussion. The study of mathematics, and 
especially the pursuit of geometrical reason- 
ing, corrects to a great extent this fault. The 
mind is compelled to look at a question on all 
sides, and at the same time to select the par- 
ticular point necessary for the final result. In 
no better way can the powers of reasoning be 
developed, and clearness and conciseness of 
expression be attained, than by the pursuit of 
this study. 

Dr. Whewell says : " No education can be 
considered liberal which does not cultivate 
both the facultj' of reason and the faculty of 
language : one of which is cultivated by the 
study of mathematics and the other by the 
study of the classics. To allow the student 
to omit one of these is to leave him half edu- 
cated. If a person can not receive such cult- 
ure, ho remains in the one case irrational, in 
the other illiterate." The mind can not be 
evenly and broadly expanded without a goodly 
portion of mathematics. Accustomed as it is 
tn wander, unless properly disciplined, it will 
not suffer confinement on particular occasions. 
It will not patiently regard the subject on 
every side, but is apt to be led astray by some 
partial view. It may be able to do effective 
work on some occasions, but is not prepared 
for every emergency. 

Another great advantage to be gained 
from mathematical study is the ability to ab- 
stract the mind from every other matter and 
keep it firmly fixed on the discussion ; to drive 



from it all foreign thoughts, and to bring all 
related thoughts into such order that a chain 
of logic shall run through the whole, connect- 
ing each separate thought with the final con- 
clusion, so that they may not be, as some one 
has fitly remarked of the reasonings of an ill- 
disciplined mind, like so many beads strung 
on a string ; so that each thought shall be 
forcible not only in its own strength, but also 
by its connection with what goes before and 
what follows after. 

But this better preparation for composition 
is only one of the many advantages to be 
gained by mathematical study. In a recent 
paper, Prof. Newton, of Yale College, said : 
" In the exact sciences, chemistiy, geology, 
botairy, and in political economy, mathematics 
is of the utmost importance. We are entitled 
to distrust the guidance of any one treating 
on political economy, for instance, who does 
not have clear conceptions of the relations of 
quantity." " Most questions in social science," 
he continues, "have a twofold character, the 
one moral, the other mathematical."' Thus 
we see that mathematics has an application, 
either direct or indirect, in our everyday pur- 
suits. Whatever is to be our calling in life, 
we shall come to it better prepared by a pre- 
vious drill in the mathematical sciences. 

We would not lie understood by this to 
decry the classics. We acknowledge their 
importance, and we do not think that they 
receive any too much attention. But we 
would ask for mathematics that respect which 
its importance demands. And is not the ad- 
vantage to be gained by a knowledge of it 
worth the effort of obtaining that knowledge ? 



The Princeton College (iymnasium con- 
tains five billiard tables donated by a Presby- 
terian merchant at the special solicitation of 
Pres. McCosh. This removes the temptation 
to visit places where intoxicating liquors are 
sold. — Independent. 



124 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. KoffE. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 11.— December 1, 1875. 

The Spinner 121 

The Study of Mathematics 122 

Editorial Notes 124 

Local 126 

Alumni Notes 129 

Filchings 129 

Editors' Table 130 

EDITORIAL NOTES. 



1. Subscribers who do not give express notice to the 
contrary, are considered wishing to continue their sub- 
scription. 

2. If subscribers order the discontinuance of their 
periodicals, the publishers may continue to send them until 
all arrearages are paid. 

3. If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their period- 
icals from the office to which, they arc directed, they are 
held responsible until they hare settled their bills, and 
ordered litem discontinued. 

4. //' subscribers more to other places without inform- 
ing the publishers, and the papers are sent to the former 
direction, they are held responsible. 

5. The Courts have decided thai " refusing to take 
periodicals from the office, or removing and leaving them 
uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of intentional fraud." 

6. Any person, who receives a newspaper and makes 
use of it, whether he has ordered it or not, is held in law 
to be a subscriber. 



7. If subscribers pay in advance, they arc bound to give 
notice to the publisher, at the end of their time, if they do 
not wish to continue talcing it; otherwise the publisher is 
authorized to send it on, and the subscribers will be respon- 
sible until an express notice, with payment of all arrears, 
is sent to the publisher. 



The subject of music in college has been 
often discussed, but the present state of affairs 
calls for a word or two more. An effort has 
been made to establish a college glee club, 
but the students are somewhat backward in 
supporting it. It was recently remarked that 
this was owing to a prevailing indolence, but 
the zeal of the members of the '77 glee club 
does not look like this. There is ample 
material in college for the proposed organiza- 
tion and there is no good reason why the new 
glee club should not succeed. Bowdoin is, in 
this respect, behind many of her sister colleges, 
and it is time that she took a step in advance. 
The new song books will soon be ready, and 
the glee club will thus be provided with 
music. Let each member make it an individ- 
ual matter, and the club can not fail to be a 
success. . , 



No manly student ever countenances the 
destruction of college property. That we 
have among us those whose sense «f the 
ludicrous is confined to the willful injury of 
the college buildings or belongings, must be a 
source of regret and annoyance to the better- 
disposed portion of the students. It is too 
generally understand outside that the lawless 
acts which are committed by a small body of 
evil-minded offenders, are countenanced by 
the students in general, and that the culprits 
are sustained by college public opinion. 
While there is a strong college feeling which 
tends to prevent open expression of honest 
disapproval of student freaks, and too lax a 
tone of college feeling in regard to many 
offenses, at the bottom there is a right feeling 
which makes itself heard and felt in college, 
although it may not be heard without. The 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



125 



worst feature of it is that it is not until some 
flagrant act arouses the public sense of right, 
that it becomes a potential energy. 



Thump, thump, thump ! sounds at our 
door just as we are getting ready to write an 
editorial note ; at first no answer, but then in 
fear that our door may be broken in this cold 
weather, we call, " Come in." In comes our 
neighbor : " Let me take your blacking?" says 
he, and, without waiting for a reply, takes it 
from the closet and leaves. With our temper 
not much improved (for if he was intent on 
disturbing us, wliy on earth couldn't he have 
given some worthy reason?) we fell to think- 
ing on this college enigma. Why would he 
persist in disturbing us ? Not that we alone 
possessed the article he was in search of — no, 
that could not be ; not that ours was of better 
quality than our neighbors' — if so, we sin- 
cerely pity them ; but it appears to be simply 
because he knew wc were at home and he 
seemed to think that under any circumstances 
we were obliged to open to him. 

Oh, how often under such circumstances 
have we sincerely longed for a good stout 
door, such as we used to read of in "Tom 
Brown," that having "sported our oak" we 
might at any time be perfectly regardless of 
the outside world ! Hut that is impossible, 
and therefore, brother students, please to think 
(if this matter fur a moment. Does it not 
show a lack of consideration for tin 1 rights of 
others, to thus disturb your fellows? Most 
assuredly it dues, and if we expressed the 
case far mm-e strongly, it would still be true. 
That in the majority of cases it happens 
through pure thoughtlessness, we feel sure. 

however much there may seem In be a < - 

mmi belief that nobody has an exclusive right 
to his room, but must keep it open to every 
one when they choose to conn'. Ii is by no 
means ;i mark of good fellowship, to use 

another's r i as your own. or simply to 

knock with one hand while turning the knob 



with the other, besides sometimes causing 
embarrassment, as we have often noticed to 
our amusement. With what a surprised look 
will the visitor utter some exclamation and 
then gracefully back out, when he perceives 
that he has burst in upon some unexpected 
company, conscious that he is affording amuse- 
ment for them. Inasmuch, then, as we can 
not realty " sport our oak," let each one re- 
member, before thundering a second time on 
his neighbor's door, that perhaps that neighbor 
may not wish to see visitors, and thus, besides 
not disturbing anyone, he may save himself 
embarrassment. 



The rapid scattering of the boys for the 
Thanksgiving recess carries with it a sombre 
lesson to those who by remaining behind have 
leisure to meditate upon sombre lessons. 
With only a few clays' notice, and for a half 
week's recess, the boys have vanished like 
dew in the sun, and the campus is left lone 
and deserted. One can not but reflect how 
quickly and completely the classes will be 
scattered by graduation: and even to those 
whose class feeling is small, if there be any 
such among us, the thought is hardly a pleas- 
ant one. To those who go away from the re- 
cess the tale is quite a different one. It is 
almost always those who remain who suffer 

by separation. The fortunati es whose 

homes are within reach renew in the happy 
home influences of the Thanksgiving festival 
the bonds of feeling which restrain from evil 
when the home is left behind. Tin' tradi- 
tional dinner is eaten, the traditional games 
follow in the evening, pretty cousins and 
all. A thousand separate interests and pleas- 

siires employ those who a few days before 
and a few days after are seeking common 
goals of prolit or fun. 

After all, Petruchio asks, "Is our life in 
college anything but a dream.' Does ii not 
stand ill its relations with life as life does with 
eternal consciousness? Sec how readily we 



12G 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



drop all college interests which we have heen 
pursuing as if with vital eagerness. To go 
out of college is to step from an ideal, indi- 
vidual microcosm into the world of men 
which we call real and universal. To die 
may be only to step from the world of men 
into the world real and eternal." 

When Petruchio begins to talk we usually 
resign ourselves to our fate, never pretend- 
ing to understand him, and seldom listening ; 
we are never so rash as to attempt to check 
him, having learned by sad experience that 
this only makes him worse. " But then, it is 
all one," continues Petruchio. " Many men 
should be only too happy if their whole lives 
might be passed over and excused as a dream ; 
and it ma}' be so with some of us in college. 
Our acts are often as purposeless and ill-con- 
sidered as the madcap delusions of a night- 
mare ! " " But, in heaven's name ! " inter- 
posed we, in sheer desperation, " what has 
all this nonsense to do with the Thanksgiving 
recess ? " " Why, to be sure," he replied, 
musingly, " to be sure, what has it ? " And 
so Petruchio spoiled the whole of our edi- 
torial ! 



From the Brunsivick Telegraph of July 
29th, 1859, we copy the following order of 
exercises for " Calculus, his burning, July 
26th, 1859," by the Junior Class." 

Order of ye Procession. 

Aid. Yc Marshalle. Aid v 

Chandler, his hande of rnusieke, discourseing 

ye dismalle tunes. 

Te high and mighty Senioures. 

Ye lugubrious Junioures. 

Ye grave digger bearing ye sadde implements 

of his trade. 

Ye eulogist and elegist. 

A bier inscribed "Calculus," etc., was borne here, 

followed by 

Ye inconsolable mourners. 

Marshalle. 

Ye much-toe-bee-pitied-and-ye-tremblynge-for- 

ye-future Sophomores. 

Marshalle. 



Yc iuuoceut, yc guileless, ye lamb-liko Freshmen. 
Ye rabble. 

Ye eulogist and elegist wore dickeys of monstrous 
proportions, running out into triangles as sharp as 
the severest reprimand ever received by unlucky 
student neglectful of his duties, and the necks of 
the distinguished speakers were environed by good 
clean white cotton neck-cloths just 3-4 long and 3-4 
wide, purchased for 12 1-2 cents per yard. The 
mourners wore long white frocks, and some of them 
hats as high as " Sugar Loaf" Mountain, with tails 
of black cambric depending therefrom, as extended 
as the wreaths which clung to the sides of " Sugar 
Loaf." .... The funeral pile was constructed 
in the Delta, of light inflammable stuff, and it was 
a pile indeed, say 8 or 10 feet square, and 12 or 15 
feet high. Upon the summit were deposited the bier 
and books, and then the order, "Apply the torch," 
was given. 



LOCAL. 

Seven students drill. 

'78 beats '79 at whist. 

" Was it a big turkey ? " 

A fast youth — a tide buoj^. 

A bad bar-gain — profit on a dram. 

Giirdjian has pictures of the ruins for sale. 

Marrett is the only Senior not present in 
college. 

The Seniors are developing into remark- 
able debaters. 

The South End of Maine Hall is to have 
a new fly-door. 

Be sure and sit up straight when you go 
to sleep in church. 

Junior Parts have been assigned to Little, 
Peary, Roberts, and Sewall. 

X. says he does not see how any one can 
complain of the lack of vegetables " as long 
as a spear o' grass is left ! " He expects to 
survive ! 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



127 



" If you boys want to skylark you will 
have to get out of this depot ! " 

On page 114 of our last issue "ham- 
stringed " should have been " bowstringed." 

The South End of M. H. is the only end 
in college that has all of its rooms occupied. 

A Sophomore lately tried to prove a propo- 
sition in regard to the concentricity of the 
ellipse. 

When are bad bo}'s like fireworks ? When 
they go off in the evening and scintillate (sin 
till late). 

A Senior being asked why he sold his dog, 
said that he " could not keep' up current 
expenses." 

A Senior lately made the astounding state- 
ment that the Atlantic Ocean was from thirty 
to forty thousand miles deep. 

Prof. — " What does that figure on the 
board represent?" Student — "A Blastid 
Crinoid." (Class applauds.) Prof. — " That 
is correct, sir." 

An Alumnus writes to his friend that he 
has lately taken a young lady to a dance who 
lias "the light fantastic toe" on her head as 
well as on her feet. 

Owing to the explosion at the gas-works, 
the How of gas has been stopped for about 
two weeks, and the town is, as it were, in 
darkness and despair. 

The depot is frequented now more than 
for some time past. Its attractions arc l\'\v, 
to be sure, except on some particular occasions, 
but then they are constant. 

The Athenian Society held a meeting last 
week for the purpose of initiating new mem- 
bers, but no one applied fur admission. A 
rumor was in circulation that one Freshman 
hail expressed willingness to join, bui no 
credit whatever was given to it. Alas, poor 
Athena ! 



The new base-burner in the gymnasium 
ought to warm a part of the " vast vacuum." 
If there were two others just like it, the cli- 
mate there would be moderately comfortable. 

Those who wish to adorn their rooms with 
evergreens will do well to gather them now 
before the snow falls. At last accounts they 
were hard to find, especially in the pine 
woods. 

The Brunswick High School, under the 
charge of Chapman '73, and Robinson '76, 
has just closed its first term. A prize exhibi- 
tion of speaking and reading was given in 
Lemont Hall, on the Friday evening after the 
close of the term. 

Scene in Recitation. Prof. — " If you do 
not use more care in preparing these lessons 
you will find that many who have not had a 
collegiate education at all will know more 
Latin than you do." Student — " Well, they 
have better advantages than we do ! " 

Foot-ball has been played for a number of 
times during the last fortnight, and seems to 
be getting quite popular. The only way to 
get up any interest in foot-ball is to choose 
sides and play regular games, instead of kick- 
ing promiscuously, as has been the common 
custom. 

Billiards have become an amusement of 
the past. The boys no longer frequent Jack's, 
and Jack no longer trusts the hoys. Thus 
affairs have come to that pitiable condition 
that one can not find eight or ten students 
playing pool every evening, but has to seek 
for them in their rooms, where, likely as not, 
they are reading history, or more incredible 
still, studying their lessons. Truly, "times 

have Changed since thru." 

In these cold November days, when one 
goes around with his chin under the top of 
bis overcoat, ami meditates regretfully upon 
tilings in general and thin clothes in particu- 



128 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 






lar, it is rather hard upon his feelings to hear 
the weather complimented. The other day, 
an over-polite Freshman informed a Junior 
that it was a " fine day," and we thought that 
he was justly punished when the Junior curtly 
told him to " dayfine " it differently. 

In a recitation of a class that should have 
kept better order, the teacher administered a 
mild reprimand to them, concluding with the 
following quotation from the Bible : " When 
I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood 
as a child, T thought as a child; but when I 
became a man I put away childish things." 
The class, to judge from their applause, keenly 
appreciated the adaptation of the quotation 
to the case in hand, and besides that have 
since kept much better order in the class- 
room. 

It is related that while Longfellow was 
Professor at Bowdoin, he was one day much 
annoyed by the poorness of the recitation in 
French. At last a student was called upon 
who had evidently made little or no prepara- 
tion. He was prompted by his classmates 
quite audibly. The Professor gave no heed 
to the prompting, but let the student blunder 
through his paragraph. When the young 
man was seated, Longfellow quietly said : 
" Your recitation reminds me of the Spanish 
theatre, where the prompter performs a more 
important part than the actor." 

At a special meeting of the Bowdoin Boat 
Club, held Nov. 17th, the following resolutions 
were presented by Mr. Payson, and unani- 
mously adopted : — 

Resolved, That a vote of thanks be tendered the 
members of the class of '73, by the Bowdoin Boat 
Club, for their gift of a champion cup to the Bow- 
doin Navy. 

Resolved, That the above resolution be published 
in the Bowdoin Orient, and that a copy of the 
said resolutions be sent to the members of the class 

of '73. 

A. M. Sherman, 
Secretary of Boivdoin Boat Club. 



The following circular has been issued, in 
connection with the Summer course: — 
Bowdoin College, Course of Summer Instruction for 
the year 187G. 

On the 17th of July, 187G, a Course of Instruc- 
tion in Chemistry aud Mineralogy will be com- 
menced, extending through six weeks. 

This Course is designed for teachers aud others, 
of both sexes, who are desirous of becoming practi- 
cally acquainted with these sciences. 

The Course consists of laboratory exercises in 
Blowpipe Analysis, Qualitative Aqueous Analysis, 
Chemical Manipulation, Crystallography, Determin- 
ative Mineralogy. 

Lectures will also be given, bearing upon these 
subjects. 

The laboratories are ample in their accommoda- 
tions, aud well furnished with apparatus to illustrate 
the most recent advances of science. 

The Cleaveland Cabinet comprises a large collec- 
tion of native and foreign minerals. 

The numerous quarries in the neighborhood of 
Brunswick are noted for the large variety of min- 
erals which they furnish, and are well worth care- 
ful study. 

Fees for Course of Instruction, $15. Breakage, 
and Chemicals actually consumed, average about $5 
extra. Use of apparatus and mineral cabinet, free. 

It is hoped inducements here offered for study 
may create a greater iuterest in scientific pursuits 
among teachers, and that they may be enabled 
through their practical familiarity with Chemistry 
and Mineralogy, to give much needed instruction iu 
these eminently cultivating and useful sciences. 

Brunswick is beautifully situated, and possesses 
a delightful summer climate. Board may be had at 
from $3 to $5 per week. 

Applications for admission and communications 
to be directed to 

H. CARMICHAEL, Ph.D. (GSttiug), 

Professor of Chemistry, or 
F. C. ROBINSON, A.M., 
Instructor in Analytic Chemistry, 

Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me. 



A newspaper tells us that a certain gentle- 
man who came to this city without a shirt to 
his back, has managed to accumulate two 
millions and a half. It's our opinion that he 
will never live to wear them out. — Ex. 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



129 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni iiud Friends of the 
College.] 

: 39. — Rev. Calvin Chapman has closed 
his labors with the Congregational Church at 
Andover, and has removed to Kennebunk- 
liort, where, however, he will have no charge. 
— Press. 

'49. — Rev. Geo. A. Perkins, late of Pow- 
nal, has received a unanimous call from a 
church in Lunenburg. 

'63. — Rev. Newman Smythe, late of Ban- 
gor, has been called to the pastorate of the 
First Presbyterian Church, Quincy, 111. 

'66. — St. John's Church, Bangor, has 
voted to extend a call to Rev. G. T. Packard 
of Brooklyn, N. Y., says the Press. 

'TO. — J. W. Keene has been attending the 
Graduate Course of Lectures at the Harvard 
Medical School. 

'73. — D. A. Robinson has recently been 
chosen Principal of the Grammar School, 
Bangor. He is at present teaching in Brewer. 

We notice in the list of persons who read 
papers at the recent Educational Convention 
at Augusta, the names of Prof. A. II. Davis, 
'60; G. M. Bodge, '68; and A. F. Richard- 
son, '73. 

Class of '"•">. 

R. R. Baston, leaching at Standish. 

Clarke arrived in England, October 17th, 
after a very stormy passage of twenty-four 
days. His address is care of Messrs. Mc- 
Culloch & Co., 41 Lombard St., London. 

Deering, teaching at Gilmanton, N. II. 

Hill, at Yale Theological Scl 1. 

Hunton, at Buffalo, X. V. 

Larrabee, Teacher of Ancient Languages 
in Goddard Seminary, Barre, Vt. 

McQuillan, studying law in the office of 
B. T. Chase, Bridgton, Me. 

Noyes, teaching al South Hampton, X. II. 

Pierce, in Harvard Law School. 



Pulsifer, reporting with his father. Ad- 
dress, Auburn, Me. 

Rice, studying medicine at Washington, 
D. C. 

Rogers, teaching Topsham (Me.) High 
School. 

Sargent, Instructor in Gymnastics at Yale. 

Stanwood, teaching at Freeport. 

Swasey, studying law in his father's office, 
at Standish, Me. 

Upton, studying at Princeton, X T . J. 

Wells, studying law in his father's office, 
at Great Falls, N. H. 

A. S. Whitmore, studying medicine at 
Gardiner, Me. 

S. W. Whitmore, studying law at Gardiner. 

F1LCHISGS. 

A natural mistake was that of a Fresh, 
translating the Latin, "P. Scipio ecpiestri 
genere natus," thus : '■ P. Scipio was born 
at a horse race." — Sibyl. 

Scene in last car to Cambridge. Crowd 
of maudlin Freshmen. Conductor — '■ Harris 
Street ! " 1st Fresh. — " Good for you, Har- 
ry ! " 2d Fresh. — " Wake up, fellows ; Har- 
ry's treat again ! " Chorus — " Champagne !" 
— Crimson. 

A Freshman who overheard his Senior 
chum say that they would nut allow him to 
vote was quite astonished, and wanted to 
know the reason. On being told that he was 
a minor the verdant looked perplexed and re- 
marked that he "thought all working people 
had a right to vote." — ('"null Era. 

Logic. '• What can you say of the second 
law nf thought?" Student — "It can m t 
bulb be and lint be. For example: the door 
over there must be either shut or open. It 
can't be both shut and open." Tutor — "Give 
another illustration." Student — " Well, take 
tin- case of another door." — Yale Record. 



130 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The College press begins now to talk less of base- 
ball, foot-ball, and boating, and more of literary 
work. Debating societies and glee clubs are the 
order of the day. While the change makes the 
papers of less interest outside, it yet indicates a 
more valuable work within the college walls, and 
the friends of literary culture may rejoice that the 
brain work of the year is going prosperously on. 

Give up guessing, Index. You were as wide as 
possible from the fact. 

It "was a bitter disapointment to find that the 
Lafayette College Journal was not the Raihvay Guide, 
which its peculiar cover led us to suppose it to be. 

The College Mercury has a good lot of college 
news, and its contents are worthy of its outside 
appearance. 

The Amherst Student says in a poem entitled 
"The Palace of Silence," 

" There now is all iu silence, 

So hath it always been, 
For those old monks were ever 

A curious set of men." 

" Men " and " been " rhyme well. Farther on it is 

"... thought that they were spirits, 
Or else that they were ogres, 

Dread messengers of death, 
And some affirmed that they 

Smelt sulphur to their hreath." 

The fine figure in the last line leaves us in an ecsta- 
sy, as it were, of doubt. Did the author mean to insin- 
uate that " sulphur," among the ancients, took the 
place of cardamon seeds, or has he, for the sake of 
euphony, used the word instead of " brimstone," 
meaning that they should smell brimstone when 
they die, or how 1 

We are glad to greet the Crimson once more. 
Its poetry is very good, and forms, with the editorial, 
the most readable part of the paper. 

The Oberlin Review has taken offense at the 
Crimson's imputation on Western Colleges, and 
concludes with: — 

" We can stand a gentlemanly joke or a friendly 
criticism, when there is point and occasion; but 
such rancorous and uncourteous assaults we can not 
bear without the severest reprehension." 

The College Argus has three columns of very 
practical editorial matter. Its local department is 
very well conducted aud somewhat relieves the 
tedium of ite first pages. We like the outside look 
of the Art/us. 



It might bo a good plan for the Bath Times to 
define its idea of provocation. In a recent issue it 
says : — 

"While superintending the surveying of a lot of 
land, Friday afternoon, Mr. George W. Drisko, 
editor of the Machias Union, was unprovokingly 
assaulted by one Johnson, with an axe, making a 
severe though not fatal wound." 

The Athenccum has a sonnet in its last number. 
We give it iu full : — 

" Oh ! mock me not with love whose shallow stream 

Mid treacherous sands doth drag its sluggish, course; 

Nor think that e'en a sparkling rill whose source 

The rugged mountain hides, can, with its gleam 

Of flashing flatter//, blot out the dream 

My /learning heart oft dreams : wherein appears 

A hero rare, who chivalry's ensign hears 

And crowned a "knightly sovereign doth seem. 

The rushing tide of such a love as his 

With navigable waters would supply 

My restless hark that long hath snuffed the hreeze 

In. haste the unknown swelling seas to try ; 

Theu passionate I'd revfel iu its sweep 

For every depth of love an answering deep." 

Gr-r-racious ! We are glad that there is no more 
of it. The poetical conception embodied there is 
heightened somewhat by the rare figures of speech, 
and by a certain air of mystery which enshrouds it. 
We surely can not tell what it means, and hope its 
title, " Unmated," will not be falsified. The italics 
are ours, but — Deo gratias ! — the poetry is not. 

The Chronicle reaches us from far-off Michigan, 
and smacks of Western College opinions and tastes. 
We rather like the literary tone of the paper, but the 
editorial aud local part lacks life. 

The College Sibyl is well edited and very pleas- 
antly written. The locals iu the November number 
are unusually good. 

The opening number of the American Journal 
of Microscopy and Popular Science has reached us, 
and, although the magazine has a more extensive 
name than its size seems to warrant, it is a publica- 
tion worthy of encouragement and support. We 
would commend it to the members of the Scientific 
Association. The subscription is only fifty cents a 
year, and specimen copies will be sent free to any 
address by the Handicraft Publication Company, 37 
Park Kow, New York. 



Morning prayers. Good boy who is dis- 
turbed by his neighbor — " D n it, keep 

quiet ; I want to hear the prayer and get the 
news/' — Ex. 




D in Oil 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, DECEMBER 15, 1875. 



No. 12. 



NEW AND OLD. 



" New Year," I said, " Right welcome ! Bring 
But joy and hope." She raised the thing 
"Wliicli like a funeral urn she sadly bore, 
And showed the grief she brought. Ko more 
Of joy I thought; but took with lamentation 
Her gift; and without consolation, 
1 walked till nil the world was cold, 
And the young year grew worn and old. 



" Old Year," I said, " Farewell ! Go by 
Without a token." She reply 
Made not ; but laid her fingers on my brow 
In blessing, and was gone. Yet even now 
I feel the pressure of that benediction, 
With hopeful foretaste and conviction 
Of things that sometime I shall see, 
Of bliss that somewhere waits for me. 



WRITING EDITORIALS. 

A DRAMATIC FRAGMENT. 

[Scene — a Junior's room in Q. Hall. Time — Fall 
Term, 186 — . Petruehio seated at a table covered 
with loose papers. To him enter Hypercus.] 

Pet. — "Hallow! Where did you come 
from ? " 

Hy. — " Come from ? Can't a fellow come 
to bis own room without being questioned in 
that style ? Where did you come from, and 
what are you doing in my room ? " 

Pet. — " I'm trying to write that confound- 
ed Bugle editorial, but I can't make a begin- 
ning.'' 

Hy. — " What are you writing about? " 

Pet. — " That's just it. You have to write 
an editorial about nothing." 

Hy.— " That's good. It will give it an 
airy lightness that will be refreshing. How 
do you begin ? " 

Pet. — " Confound your stupidity ! Didn't 
I tell you I did not know how to begin ?" 

Hy. — " Why, I could give you a thousand 
excellent beginnings ! " 



Pet. — " You are not conceited, perhaps ! 
Let's hear one of your fine openings." 

Hy. — "Your mouth's a fine opening for 
hash; but let that pass. Begin this way: 
' Another brood of chickens has gone from 
beneath the wings of Alma Mater, and — ' " 

Pet. — " Never shall it be said that I called 
old Bowdoin a hen ! " 

Hy. — " ' Twoultl be repre-hen-sible. Well 
then: 'Old Time has opened another of those 
oysters Avhich we call years, and it is just like 
the last ; the pearls are still to be in the next 
one.' If that doesn't suit you, have something 
fresh; as, for instance, — 'Another set of act- 
ors have been hustled off the stage, and — ' " 

Pet. — " For heaven's sake, stop ! It is 
more appropriate to say ' hustled on the 
stage.' " * 

Hy. — " Well, then : ' The exhaustive get- 
tee up and settee down of college life has — ' " 

Pet. — " Do be sensible. Why can't you 
help me ? " 

Hy. — " Grateful, upon my word ! Try a 
poetical strain, then, — 

' Plucking a quill from our own wing, 
At once we mean to soar aud sing ! ' " 

Pet. — " You forget that it is not to be 
your editorial, and so the allusion to ' >>/r» 
wing ' would be inappropriate." 

Hy. — " Sharp ! Well, there's no suiting 
you. Why not have an end-woman solilo- 
quize? Work the pathos up to a proper de- 
gree, and then end in this way : ' She raised 
her hand to wipe a tear that stood on her 
cheek, when down went the hod of ashes she 
was carrying. Half strangled with dust and 

* This may Boem an anachronism; bat Petruohio 

wrote for the future, and "saw what should be in after 
tirue8." 



134 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



tears, she rushed down stairs, resolved to 
moralize no more.' There, that's quite in 
Sterne's vein." 

Pet. — " I feel in a stern vein myself, and 
the effect may be visible on you soon." 

Hy. — " In vain you button your coat over 
your sternum, and — " 

[A scrimmage. The lamp is overturned. 
Darkness. Scene closes.] 



SCOTT AND HIS NOVELS. 

The fame of Sir Walter Scott as a novel- 
ist is world-wide. He had the advantage of 
writing in a language spoken in different 
hemispheres by highly civilized people, and 
widely diffused over the surface of the globe ; 
and he wrote also at a time when communica- 
tion was facilitated by peace. 

There are those who are disposed to regret 
that so great a reputation can be gained by- 
one who, as they affirm, does nothing more 
than amuse the world; but let them adopt a 
different mode of expression, let them call it 
giving happiness to the world, and they must 
admit that the purpose is a noble one. It is 
too late to ask whether works of imagination 
can be safely read; they certainly will be read 
to some extent, and the character of such 
works is the chief point to be considered. To 
Scott belongs the honor of raising the novel 
to a place among the highest productions of 
human intellect. He made a discovery in lit- 
erature ; and the merit of that discovery is 
evinced by its salutary effects upon succeeding 
generations. He was the first to show how 
history ought to be made available for the 
purposes of fiction. It is true that works 
bearing the appellation of historical novels 
had existed before ; but they were historical 
in a different sense. They merely availed 
themselves of historical names and events, 
and gave to their characters the manners and 
sentiments either of the present period, or, 
more commonly, of none at all. They evinced 



no endeavor to enter into the real spirit of 
history. But the novels of Scott form a new 
species. They present history in its most 
attractive form, yet do not disguise the vari- 
ous events and circumstances with two much 
of fiction. Scott seems to have been fully 
aware that truth and fiction might ally them- 
selves with mutual aclvantage. # While his 
real landscape has made us feel confidence in 
the reality of his persons and their actions, 
it is equally true that fiction has given a 
charm to the rocks and mountains of his 
native country which will last till the moun- 
tains sink and the torrents cease to flow. A 
hundred years ago the Highlands of Scotland 
were as little known as the Rocky Mountains, 
but his pen has thrown them open as com- 
pletely as a thousand military roads, and trav- 
elers will wander over them in all generations 
to come. 

The plots in the Waverley Novels generally 
display much ingenuity, and are interestingly 
involved ; but there are few in the conduct of 
which it would not be easy to point out some 
blemish. They are usually languid in the 
commencement and abrupt in the close ; too 
slowly opened and too hastily summed up. 
"Guy Mannering" is one in which these two 
faults are least apparent. The plot of 
"Peveril of the Peak," might perhaps, on the 
whole, have been considered as the best, if it 
had not been spoiled by the finale. 

As a delineator of human character, Scott 
is an acknowledged master. When we regard 
him in this light we are at once struck hj the 
fertility of his invention, and by the force and 
fidelity of his pictures. In variety and origin- 
ality no writer but Shakespeare has ever 
equaled him. Others may have equaled, 
perhaps surpassed him, in the elaborate finish- 
ing of some single portrait, but certainly none 
save Shakespeare has ever contributed so 
largely, so valuably, to our collection of char- 
acters, of pictures so surprisingly original, yet 
once seen, admitted immediately to be con- 



BOW DO IN ORIENT. 



135 



formable to nature. The charge is sometimes 
brought against Scott, that there is a sameness 
about his characters ; that one bears too much 
resemblance to another ; for instance, that 
Helen McGregor, Meg Merrilies, and Noma, 
are copies from the same original. But the 
author draws from nature, and there is a 
sameness about nature. One mountain re- 
sembles another, one valley resembles another, 
and we should condemn the painter as lacking 
skill who should endeavor to represent a hill 
or vale unlike anj r that ever existed or were 
ever painted before. So the varieties of fea- 
ture in the human race can not be very great 
either in face or mind. 

The innumerable shades of difference that 
we see, depend upon expression ; and any 
hasty or unobservant eye which does not 
notice this expression will think that every 
man bears a resemblance to every other man. 
The more delicate touches which make up the 
expression of character will escape him. It 
is such observers only who have complained 
of sameness of character in the Waverley 
Novels. Doubtless the author has faults, but 
this is not one of them. The descriptions of 
persons are distinguished chiefly by their 
picturesqueness. We always seem to behold 
the persons described. Dress, manner, feat- 
ures, and bearing are so vividly set before us 
that the mental illusion is rendered as com- 
plete as words can make it. This method has 
the merit of individualizing imaginary persons 
in a remarkable degree, and is well suited to 
the nature of the: novel. 

it effects much df what, in the drama, 
is supplied by the actor who represents 
character on the stage'. Nor is it to he 
affirmed that, although picturesqueness is the 
prominent characteristic of his descriptions of 
persons, In- does not also display considerable 
skill in exhibiting the disposition and qualities 
of the mind. There are several characters, 
such as Colonel Mannering and Bailie Jarvie, 
of whom we have a very vivid impression, 



without its having been conveyed so much by 
personal description as by the insight given us 
into the peculiarities of disposition. In the 
description of external objects, and particu- 
larly of what ma]' be called natural scenery, 
the author has been successful beyond all 
writers subsequent to Milton. 

A distinction is to be made between mere 
copiousness of descriptive diction, and a rich 
and judicious selection of images; between 
passages which please the ear and those which 
convey a distinct impression to the mind. It 
is essential in a description of visible objects, 
that it should place the reader in the situation 
of a spectator. We wish to be told, not the 
objects that might ultimately excite attention, 
but those which would strike the senses at 
once. A multiplicity of details is tiresome ; 
and no description, however complete, can be 
effective if it contains more particulars than 
the mind can embrace at one view, and, with- 
out a painful effort of the memory, retain. 

From these various errors into which 
descriptive writers often fall, Scott is compar- 
atively free. His descriptions are clear, vivid, 
and intelligible. They have none of those 
affectations of diction which are the resources 
of ordinary writers. All is written as if the 
object aimed at was to be understood. 

In reviewing the productions of a great 
writer, interesting as it may be to examine 
their general character and the nature of those 
merits upon which their i ime is founded it is 
perhaps still more interesting to trace their 
influence upon literature. That of the Wav- 
erley Novels has been great beyond example. 
For novel writing in general, Scotl has doue 
much; lie has made it a more creditable ex- 
ercise of ability than it was before considered : 
and thus invited toil many writers who might 
otherwise have considered it unworthy of their 
I. We have learned, too, how greatly the 

Sphere of the no\el may he extended, and how 

capable it is of becoming the vehicle of almost 

every species of popular knowledge. 



136 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVEET ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE TEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 



Arlo Bates, 
C. H. Clark, 
C. T. Ha wes, 



EDITORS. 



E. H. Kimball, 
J. G. Libby, 
J. A. Morrill, 



W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Deuni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 12.— December 15, 1875. 

New and Old 133 

Writing Editorials 133 

Scott and His Novels 134 

Editorial Notes 136 

Local 1 39 

Alumni Notes 141 

Editors' Table 142 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



The new song book, which was promised 
last term, will be ready the 18th inst. 

The book is to be called " Songs of Bow- 
doin," and will be bound in flexible brown 
cloth. The songs have been chosen with re- 
gard to their utility, and songs otherwise good 
have been rejected because they did not seem 
adapted to actual use by college glee clubs. 
That Bowdoin is not an eminently musical 
college, is a well-known fact, and hence the 
difficulty of getting together a collection of 
songs. Doubtless there will be numberless 
criticisms and objections when the book ap- 
pears, but it is to be hoped that a new im- 



petus will be given, by its presence, to college 
music. 

The price of the book will be seventy-five 
cents. It was at first understood that it would 
be issued at a smaller cost, but the expense 
of the music-printing was so large as to make 
this impossible. 

Alumni or others wishing for copies by 
mail can obtain them postpaid, by enclosing 
one dollar to A. T. Parker, or to J. E. Chap- 
man, Brunswick. 



One characteristic of good breeding, and 
a most important one, is thoughtfulness. A 
kindly regard for the comfort and pleasure of 
others should not be beneath the care of any 
student ; and it is remarkable how much may 
be effected by a little watchfulness. 

Students who live in the dormitories are 
more or less at the mercy of their neighbors ; 
and while every man may have a technical 
right to turn his room into a bedlam, he cer- 
tainly has no moral right to produce or allow 
an uproar which renders work or study im- 
possible in the End. 

Then there is the boy who, coming home 
after the End is asleep, wants to let the fel- 
lows know that he was out late, and so makes 
the night hideous with uncouth yells. 

We all know the men who practice upon 
the hideous intricacies of the "Swiss warble" 
with such appalling pertinacity, and a shud- 
der creeps over us as we hear from afar their 
approaching yells. 

In numberless ways and in numberless 
places, men are made to suffer disgust or pain 
from the mere ill-bred thoughtlessness of their 
fellows. And these veiy offenders are often 
so good-hearted that they would share their 
last quarter with a friend, or take a fifteenth 
mark for prompting some luckless wight help- 
less in the hands of a Prof. It is impossible 
to be long or seriously angry with such men, 
but we after all rather dread to have them 
about. A little care and thought on their 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



137 



part would mend it all, and they themselves 
would after all be not the slightest gainers. 



To the average student mind, there is a 
certain charm in whatever comes down from 
the romantic past of college life, whether in 
the form of airy and doubtful tradition, or in 
something more substantial and credible ; a 
charm that is felt in all its force by the Fresh- 
man, and grows less and less as he advances 
in the college scale, — without, however, losing 
all its force, even in Senior year. 

Our attention has been called of late to 
certain heirlooms now in possession of differ- 
ent undergraduates. The first among these 
is a banner, now at No. 5 A. H. On the re- 
verse are inscriptions that tell something of 
its age and history. From these we leam that 
it first came into the college world in '57, as a 
possession of a political society known as the 
" Scott and Graham Club." After the dis- 
banding of this association, it became in 1864 
the property of the " South End Dramatic 
Club," and from this club came through the 
successive classes to its present owner. 

The next heirloom is the " Zeta Psi cane," 
an ancient-looking banger, that, as its name 
implies, is an attachment to that fraternity. 
Since the organization of the chapter in 1868, 
it has been in the possession of some member 
of the Sophomore delegation, and is now held 
at No. — A. II. 

Next on our list is a pencil drawing, with- 
out date or name, of the college buildings. It 
was evidently executed some time prior to 
1848, as it includes the old chapel. 

In the editorial sanctum is an engraving of 
the Alpha Delta Phi arms, that since '56 lias 
passed from one class to another, being always 
held by a member of the Senior delegation of 
the fraternity. 

We are reminded of several other " hand- 
downs," but are not able at this time to look 
them up. 

Information concerning anything that has 



a college history, of great or little importance, 
will be received with thanks. 



The Boating Convention was held at 
Springfield, Dec. 1st. Bowdoin sent Mr. 
Sargent as Senior delegate, and Mr. Stevens 
as second. Much of the time was passed in 
discussion of the merits of the various places 
proposed for the regatta of '76. No place 
was fixed upon ; Saratoga, Springfield, and 
New London are the places, one of which will 
probabl} 7 be chosen, and it is rumored that the 
latter is perhaps the most favored. 

It was voted to row with coxswains, and 
in heats if necessary. 

Trinity was re-admitted into the associa- 
tion, and the constitution so amended that 
any college prevented from rowing by the 
death of one of its crew, shall not lose its 
membership. 

Thomas Hughes will be invited to act as 
referee, and if he does not accept, Mr. Chittis, 
President of the London Rowing Association, 
will be asked to take his place. 

It was also voted that the regatta com- 
mittee at once invite the navies of Oxford, 
Cambridge, and Trinity College (Dublin), 
to row an international race in the United 
States next summer ; date and place to be 
agreed upon: each boat to be manned with 
six oarsmen and rowed without a coxswain. 
Hereafter, onby one delegate will be allowed 
to each college. 

Officers were elected as follows : Presi- 
dent, Mr. Stevens of Bowdoin ; Vice Presi- 
dent, Mr. Warner of Trinity; Secretary, Mr. 
('aid well of Hamilton ; Treasurer, Mr. Haynes 
of Williams. The next meeting will be held 
at Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, on the 
4th of January, 1876. 



Sitting in our sanctum one evening, en- 
gaged in looking over some book-catalogues, 
we overheard the following dialogue from 

the next mom, where '•Brown. .Tones, and 



138 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Robinson " had just finished a game of 
Avhist. 

" 1 hadn't any ' Trumps,' " said Brown. 

"I had only 'Three Little Spades,'" an- 
swered Jones, "and I 'Played Out' 'One of 
Them ' ' By Mistake.' There were in either 
of our 'Hands, Not Hearts' enough for a good 
suit." 

" ' What's to Be Done ' next? " asked Rob- 
inson. 

" I must mend my vest," said Jones ; but 
Brown broke in— 

"Never mind your 'Sowing; the Wind' 
has gone down, and we're 'In Duty Bound' 
to call on 'Miss Van Kortland' 'Sooner or 
Later.'" 

" ' Ought We to Visit Her ? ' " returned 
Robinson. " ' Stern Necessity ' compels, I 
suppose. Let me 'Look to the End' of this 
book first. ' Now and Then ' there's ' A Good 
Thing' in it." 

"Pshaw!" said Jones. "Let's get a 
lunch at the depot ' On Our Way' ' Through 
the Town.'" I ate only 'A Mouthful of 
Bread' and an 'Olive' for supper." 

"The sky is all 'Clouded; Happiness' 
is 'Inside' to-night," said Brown, looking out 
of the window. " How ' White Lies ' the 
snow where it is 'Caste' by the wind. It 
Avill be bad ' Underfoot.' " 

"I hope 'Miss Van Kortland' will be 
' Quite Alone,' " said Jones, as they went 
down stairs. 

We heard them no more, but Ave fell into 
a train of " Meditation" concerning the names 
of books. Perhaps being " Too Much Alone " 
Ave are "Forever and Ever" "Musing," and 
often are "All in the Dark" about "Common 
Things." We " Cant " see, for instance, when 
an author has named a book "Belial," what 
he could say for himself if " Called to Ac- 
count." Even if "He Knew He Was Right," 
his " Destiny " might place him " In That 
State of Life' 7 where he Avould be thought 
"A Simpleton" by all "Dames of High Es- 



tate," Avhatever reason Avas " His to Give." 
Who would want their " Wives and Daugh- 
ters" or "Brothers and Sisters" to read a 
book with such a title ? 

Many names, too, seem to us to be only 
parts of sentences. As: "'Eugene, A ram' 
is on the lawn." "0 no ; it is only a ' Black 
Sheep.'" " 'Anna, Hammer' in that nail." 
"Let 'Adam Brown' ' The Toast';" etc. 

And thus, half asleep in our "Grand- 
father's Chair," we mused of " Men, Women, 
and Books," and recalled, Avith " Wonder, 
Stories" Ave have heard of the " Marriage" of 
"The Midnight Sun" Avith "The Daughter 
of Night." Then Ave were reminded of our 
" Brother's Wife" and " Her Lord and Mas- 
ter," and speculated which of the " Tavo 
Marriages" would prove the happier. Just- 
then there came " A Rap at the Door." 

" ' Come ' ! " Ave cried ; and in walked " Dr. 
Thorne." He lives only "A Day's Ride" 
from the " City and Suburb," yet we had not 
met for " One Year." 

"I have 'No Intention,' " he said, after "A 
Kind Greeting," " to bore you with an auto- 
biography ; but I fear I have been subject to 
' Misrepresentation.' We are ' Not so Bad 
as We Seem,' but ' The Way We Live Now' 
you must ' Take Care Whom You Trust.' I 
was one of ' Three Clerks,' who, ' North and 
South,' had often been 'On Guard' 'Under 
the Ban' -ner of freedom together. I was 
'Hand and Glove' Avith one, named 'Jack.' 
When Ave left the army, he had an ' Inherit- 
ance' of 'Half a Million of Money,' all in 
' Hard Cash.' ' " What Will He Do With 
It?"' I said to my- ' Self.' He loved 'A 
Charming Girl ' to Avhom he presented me. 
She Avas ' In Silk Attire,' and had ' Three 
Feathers ' and a ' Blue Ribbon ' in her hat. 
She Avore a ' White Jacket,' but she had a 
'White Hart' also. Still she Avas not 'Too 
Good for Him,' for he Avas 'Maid of Honor' 
as it Avere. I had just received ' Notice to 
Quit' 'Mrs. Lirriper's Lodgings' to make 



HOUD 

Diamonds, 

Watches, 
Jewelry, 
Silver Ware, 



W flNMMMU 

French Clocks, 

Opera Glasses, 

Fine Stone Cameo 

and Onyx Goods. 



J. A. AMMIXM- & CO 



J. A. MERRILL, 
A. KEITH. 



*■> 



239 MIDDLE ST., PORTLAND. 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



139 



room for ' A Commercial Traveler.' I there- 
fore took a ' Small House at Allington ' to be 
near Jack. ' Hannah ' — for so was ' His Love ' 
called — had ' Only Herself ' to consult, so the 
wedding was fixed upon for ' Midsummer 
Eve.' 'For Her Sake' the young girls put 
'New-comes' in their 'False Heir'; and up 
'Rosa' 'May-pole' 'On the Green,' around 
which (hey danced, as you see doves and other 
' Foul Play ' in the sun. Their cheeks glowed 
as in a 'Blight Morning' in Autumn you 
may, although ' The Last Leaf ' is ' Dead, Sea 
Fruit' still clinging to ' The Topmost Bough.' 
Hannah danced with me ' Once and Again,' 
— for it was 'Nothing New' for me to dance 
'Hard, Times' without number, with either 
' Married or Single.' Jack felt touched on 
'A Point of Honor,' and lost his 'Self-Con- 
trol.' We, who had been together ' Night 
and Morning ' for years, had high words at 
last. But Hannah stepped in. ' Her Face 
was Her Fortune,' and as she was ' True to 
Herself ' she soon made us 'Quits.' '"Put 
Yourself in His Place," ' she said. 'It was 
•'A Terrible Temptation"; "Can You For- 
give Her" and me?' I said. He relented; 
and 'After Dark' they were made 'Man and 
Wife.' So it all came ' Riedit at Last.' " 



LOCAL. 

Weak eyes are quite prevalent. 
Next term begins Jan. i>, 1876. 
'• Have you got into a •• stage " yet? " 
'77 lias organized a Shakespeare Club. 

A College Glee Club is to be organized 

soon. 

" Slippery ? Yes. very, ( > ! only 

a slight bruise, thank you." 

The Juniors and Sophomores declaim to- 
gether. Why not have lie' rest of the Col- 
lege present ? 



A number are taking boxing lessons of 
Mr. Smyth, the director of the gymnasium. 

Prof. — " Does this world afford more disci- 
pline for virtue or for vice ? " Student — "Yes, 
sir ; I think it does." 

Waitt and Stimson are to have charge of 
the ball at the end of the term, after the Sen- 
ior and Junior exhibition. 

It is quite curious to notice how much im- 
proved the attendance upon recitation be- 
comes when a class begins to review. 

It is to be hoped that the custom of sing- 
ing in chapel at Sunday evening prayers will 
be continued through the winter term. 

Adjourns from gymnasium have been quite 
frequent, owing to coldness of the room on 
account of the lack of proper fuel to burn in 
the stoves. 

Prof. — " The law is, then, that virtue 
should lie rewarded, and vice punished. 
What should you say if we saw vice triumph- 
ing?" Sen. — "It would be a violation of 
the main (e) law." 

The new " red store " on Main street of- 
fers rare inducements in the shape of oysters, 
etc. It is said that the proprietor is obliging 
and gives entire satisfaction. It is a good 
chance to pay up treats, bets, and the like. 

Miss Cavendish, the English actress, is 
coming, and some one remarks that sin; is 
line-cut. Then the critics can puff her if they 
chews. — Norristotvn Herald. 

When she conic- the Herald will of course 
be ready to back 'er. 

Brunswick seems to offer some attractions, 
despite her cold winters, to her former inhab- 
itants, I'm- quite a number of the College 
Alumni can be seen frequenting her stn 
It is so very lively at present thai we do 
not wonder that they find it pleasant to In- 
back once more. 



140 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



First Senior — " Have yon seen the Presi- 
dent's message ? " Fresh, (wonderingly) — 
" No, what message ? " Second Senior — 
" Why, the message of the Prex. to the 
Faculty." Fresh. — "Indeed! Is it custom- 
ary ? " (Fresh, is seen paying for three stews 
two hours later, at the " red store."} , • 

Scene in recitation. Prof. — "What are 
some of the common forms in which we see 
nickel?" Student— " Well, most of the 
students carry some round in their pockets in 
the shape of coin." Prof. — " I thought that 
the complaint at present was a lack of that." 
Student — " Most of them have common cents, 
however." ' 7 7, 

The following addition has been made to 
the " Course of Summer Instruction for the 
year 1876." Arrangements have been made 
for Botanical Instruction, under the charge of 
Mr. F. Lamson Scribner, B.S. There are 
three distinct branches of study — Chemis- 
try, Mineralogy, Botany, any two of which 
may be selected to form a course. 

It has been and still is quite a common 
practice for the students to visit the High 
School in town and listen to the recitations. 
Now why would it not be perfectly proper 
for any of the young ladies of Brunswick, if 
they wish, to attend the college recitations ? 
It would certainly be an inducement for bet- 
ter lessons and for better behavior. 

A most lamentable ignorance of geogra- 
phy has been shown in '76, and it is proposed 
for their benefit that an optional course in 
Cornell's Geography be put in action next 
term. When a Senior doesn't know where 
Mt. Vesuvius is, or places the source of 
the Yellowstone river in the southern part of 
the United States, it is time that something 
should be done. 

The new catalogues for 1875-6 are out. 
They are similar to those of 1874-5 in appear- 
ance and arrangement. We notice that four 



new scholarships have been added to the list, 
and that there is a longer list of acknowledg- 
ments than usual. As in the last catalogue, 
the undergraduates and their departments 
are sandwiched in between the names of the 
medical class and the matter relating to their 
course. The number of students catalogued 
is one hundred and forty-eight. 

A meeting of the Executive Committee of 
the State Base -Ball Association was held in 
Portland, Nov. 29th, to consider certain 
charges which the Bates Base -Ball Associa- 
tion had brought forward against the Bow- 
doin Base -Ball Association, relating to the 
possession of the championship flag. Both 
Associations sent representatives. Sanford, 
'76, presented the Bowdoin side of the ques- 
tion. After hearing both arguments and 
thoroughly understanding the facts of the 
case, the committee adjourned and brought in 
a verdict in favor of Bowdoin. Comments 
are unnecessaiy. 

The following is the programme of the 
Senior and Junior Exhibition, Dec. 20th, 
1875:— 

Latin Salutatory Libby. 

English Translation from Tacitus Little. 

A Century's Growth Andrews. 

Mental Discipline Bates. 

English Translation from Schiller Peary. 

Oliver Cromwell Kimball. 

Heredity of the Imagination Payne. 

English Translation from Demosthenes Roberts. 

Moral Energy Perry. 

The Philosophy of Strikes Sargent. 

English Translation from Napoleon Sewall. 

Modern Socialism Waitt. 



1st Junior — " Jack, if I had ten uncles 
whose wives were all living, and I should 
take your overcoat, by what right could 
I retain it?" Jack pauses. 1st Junior — 
" By the Ulster Tenant Right." Pol. Econ. 
did it. — Advocate. 



BOWDOIN OBIENT. 



141 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and Friends of the 
College.] 

We are indebted to the Secretary, Rev. 
Win. H. Pierson, for the following record of 
the 

Class of '64. 
Fred H. Appleton, practicing law in Ban- 
gor, Me. 

Charles Bennett, lawyer, Mattoon, 111. 
Charles Curtis, teaching somewhere in 
N. Y. State. 

Owen W.»Davis, engaged in manufactur- 
ing, Thomaston, Me. 

John E. Dow, Jr., lawyer in New York 
City. 

Albert O. Fellows, practicing law in Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Nahum W. Grover, clergyman in Bethel, 
Me. 

John C. Harkness, teaching in Wilming- 
ton, Del. 

Myron M. Hovey, merchant, Boston (?), 
Mass. 

Henry N. W. Hoyt, Supt. of Schools, 
New Brighton, Penn. 

Edward C. Ingersoll, lawyer, Washington, 
D.C. 

Charles Jewett, practicing medicine in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Augustus F. Libby, merchant, with A. J. 
Libby & <'<>., 47 and 49 White St., N. Y. 

Chas. F. Libby, lawyer, firm id' Butler & 
Libby, '.'1 Middle St.. Portland, Me. 

Franklin Littlefield, merchant, Saco, Mr. 
James McKeen, lawyer in New York City. 
Nathaniel Melcher, Professor of Mathe- 
matics in Colby University, Waterville, Me. 
Henry T. F. Merrill, lawyer, Chicago, 111. 
Wm. 11. Pierson, clergyman, No. Sonier- 
ville, Mass. 

Chas. A. Robbius, merchanl in New Yov\ 
City. 



Thomas H. White, merchant, Bangor, 
Me. 

John G. Wight, teaching somewhere in 
N. Y. State. 

Webster Woodbury, clergyman, Ashland, 
Mass. 

John H.Woods, musician, Boston, Mass. 

Alonzo P. Wright, lawyer, Odell, 111. 

'69. — Wm. K. Woodwell has been sup- 
plying the Plymouth Congregational Church 
at Kalamazoo, Mich. 

'73._Died in Bangor, Me., Nov. 27,1875, 
William A. Blake, after a sickness lasting 
about a week and terminating in inflamma- 
tion of the bowels. During his college 
course he was recognized as an earnest stu- 
dent of high ability, being especially noted as 
a graceful writer. Appointed to take part in 
many exhibitions, he uniformly acquitted him- 
self in an able manner ; he was adjudged the 
successful competitor for the '68 prize. In 
his Senior year and at his graduation he re- 
ceived an oration. Although thus devoted 
to study, he was ever ready to give encour- 
agement to other college undertakings, and 
was highly esteemed by his classmates. After 
graduation he entered upon the study of law 
at the Boston University, from which he 
graduated last Spring ; a short time after, he 
was admitted to the bar at Bangor. By his 
death the class of '73 loses one of its most 
promising members, one whose prospects of 
success were of the most brilliant character. 
The local paper thus speaks of him: "He 
was a young man of few pretensions, but of 
true merit and solid worth, and it was the 
recognition of these characteristics which won 
for him such universal esteem and friendship. 
Although quiet in his manner, he formed a 
large circle of friends, who cannot soon re- 
place him." 

It is to be hoped that tho Adrian Coll. Recorder 
has raison W€lre t but it certainly is Dot apparent in 
outsiders. 



142 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



"We have had the pleasure of examining advance 
sheets of The Bugle, and, though forced to give them 
a somewhat hasty examination, are yet fully con- 
vinced that this Bugle is superior to any before pub- 
lished here. The number of cuts is unprecedentediy 
large, and most of them are very cleverly executed. 
One of the wittiest hits in the book is the P Y tomb- 
stone on page 45, which is as happily executed as it is 
conceived. The cuts facing the classes in the cata- 
logue are excellent, especially the oue for '79. The 
editorial is, perhaps, all that could reasonably be 
expected ; and yet one who takes up every new Bugle 
with a half-hope that it may have an editorial less 
disappointing than its predecessors, will hardly find a 
realization of that hope here. We think we appre- 
ciate the difficulty of producing an entertaining 
editorial for The Bugle; yet we still live in the hope 
of the coming of the man with originality to plan, 
and ability and independence to execute, a "new 
departure" in this line. We do not wish to be over- 
critical, especially as The Bugle is really so excellent; 
but it seems to us that the conception of the book, 
its illustrations, and general plan, are much better 
than the execution of the literary work. The quota- 
tions are neither very numerous nor very good. A 
Senior, too, might take exception to the sentiment 
expressed in the account of the fall regatta : " The 
rules of the race seemed to be satisfactory to all." 
Considering the well-known feeling of '76 in regard 
to the race, it might have been in better taste to 
avoid such a reference. In the list of awards for 
1875, The Bugle follows the error of the new Cata- 
logue in regard to the prizes for English Composi- 
tion. Two first prizes were given, oue to Hall and 
one to Patten. Two second prizes (omitted alto- 
gether by both Catalogue and Bugle) were awarded 
to Swasey and Whittemore. Wc are also at a loss 
— although it may arise from a misapprehension on 
our part,— to see the beauty or advantage of call- 
ing the Jauitor of the Gymnasium an "Assistant 
Superintendent." 

But these are, after all, mostly minor blemishes, 
and if we do not particularize further the merits of 
the work, it is because they are so evident ; and we 
wish to warn future Buglers of faults so easily 
avoided if noticed. 

The typography and general appearanco of the 
book are most excellent; ami wc may end as we 
began, by pronouncing it the best Bugle yet issued ; 
and a work of which '77 may justly be proud. 
Among the congratulations which the editors will 



undoubtedly receive, as they deserve, we take pleas- 
ure in being the first to offer ours. 

The Vassar Mis. has a profound, but alas ! very 
incoherent comparison between Tennyson and Moth- 
er Goose. Some Vassar miss is disgusted with the 
boldness of the Beggar Maid who outwitted "the 
simple King Cophetua," and thinks that "Mother 
Goose's heroines seem more modest maidens," but 
the miss adds, " She may have more strongly felt 
the necessity of modesty in our sex." Who the 
"modest maidens" among Mother Goose's heroines 
were, may be an open question ; certainly not the 
"pretty lass" who 

"Invited [her lover] to her own house, 

Where "ft he'd been before, 
And tumbled him into the hog-tnb." 

Not that arrant, jilting flirt, Jenny .Wren, who ac- 
cepted Robin Redbreast's attentions while she was 
ill, and then, when 

" She trot well, and stood upon her feet, 

She told Robin plainly she loved him not a bit." 

Not the famous lady who at Banbury-cross made 
such an indelicate exposure of her bell-furnished 
toes ; and, unless our ideas of modesty may be per- 
mitted to outrun the prejudices of modern society, 
certainly not the frank Aunis: — 

" I'll marry yon," said Thomas. 

" Marry me ! " said Annis ; 
" I prithee, love, tell me when?" 

" Next Sunday," said Thomas. 

"Next Sunday," said Annis; 
" I wish next Sunday were come ! " 

The Vassar girls may be of the same ilk as the 
"little maid" who to au honest proposal 

.... replied, 
Some say a little smiled, 
" But what shall we have for to eat, eat, eat ? 
Will the love that you're so rich in 
Make .a fire in the kitchen ' 
Or the little god of Love turn the spit, spit, spit ? " 

There have not been wanting instances where men 
have been foolish and headstrong in their love- 
willing to undergo most unnecessary privations for 
the object of their gushing affections; but a modern 
young lady may safely be trusted in the most tempt- 
ing situations without the slightest danger that she 
will forget either purse or propriety. Vet wo do 
not quite understand the mood of the Vassar young 
lady. Has some simple Hu.ni.vR Maui displaced 
her ladyship in the affections of her "simple King 
Cophetua"? Alas! your ladyship, this is a world 
of vicissitudes. Patience is needful even to the 
high and mighty. Still peruse your fashion-plates, 
and mingle with tuo litany, comments upon your 




twitia ®i torn 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JANUARY 26, 1876. 



No. 13. 



THE LOVERS. 

"I come from golden fountains, 

Beyond yon sky of blue; 
The icy arms of yon mountains 

I laughingly slipped through. 

" And down through the clouds I darted, — 

Clouds full of storm and rain ; 
Thus far have I come broken -hearted, 

Sweet Rain-Drop, to love you again." 

The Rain- Drop blushed, and sadly 

Replied in words too true: 
"The Wind is my father, and badly 

Endures these addresses from you. 

" And ah ! if he found us together, 
He would slay me thee before; 

And then, fair Sir, you could never 
Come to woo me any more. 

"Alas! I would that his grievance — 
But hark, Sky is rolling his drums, 

And the Trees are all making obeisance — 
The Wind, my father, comes!" 

But true hearts nothing can sever, 

Wherover true hearts may be ; 
The Sunbeam aud Bain -Drop together 

Leaped downward into the Sea. 

Omicron. 



REV. (JKORGE ELIASIIIB ADAMS, D.D. 
The announcement of his death must have 
awakened more than common interest in a 
large number of the Alumni. Very rarely 
has a college community been favored with 
the influence of a ministry so long, constant, 
and well esteemed. From December, 1820, 
to ilic midsummer of 1870, a large proportion 
cif thr forty classes who graduated from the 
College constituted an important and most 
interesting part of the congregation to which 
lie preached. His attractive person, his bear- 
ing as a gentleman, his liberal culture and 



fine taste, his generous interest in whatever 
affected the welfare and good name of the 
College, his gentle courtesy and uniform 
friendliness of disposition, and especially his 
eminently devout spirit, and his known 
standing among the clergy of the State, eon- 
spired to give him access to the confidence 
and respect of all. Several in successive 
classes have been numbered among the 
fruits of his ministry. He is probably asso- 
ciated with the peculiarly vivid recollections 
of college life in the memories of two-thirds, 
at least, of the whole number of graduates of 
the College. 

He was one to be remembered. His voice 
of melodj', his sententious, pointed, and now 
and then on fitting occasions what might be 
regarded as humorous, utterances, linger in 
the memories of his hearers. He had a w r ay 
of "putting things'' which had the effect 
even of wit, always refined and delicate, 
never discordant with his ministerial office. 
His emphatic way of presenting truth, as also 
the appropriateness, fervor, pathos, and vari- 
ety of his devotional services, and particu- 
larly on special occasions, readily occur when 
w r e think of him as our pastor. We may re- 
fer to one occasion of deep interest to the 
College, the funeral service over the remains 
of Prof. Cleaveland, and the prayer offered 
by Dr. Adams, so peculiarly affecting, and so 
admirably adapted to the impressive scene. 
He was never slow to render efficient service 
on the many such occasions which test the 
power of a minister in a pastorate so long ami 
so prominent, and never failed to meet them 
acceptably ami impressively. 

Horn in Worthillgton, Mass.. Oct. 27th, 
1801, his childhood and youth spent in Bucks- 



146 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



port, then Buckstown, whither his father re- 
moved in 1803, and afterwards in Bangor ; 
consecrated from his birth to the ministry of 
the Gospel, at the age of thirteen entering by 
public profession upon a Christian life. He 
graduated from Yale in 1821, and from the 
Theological Seminary, Andover, in 1826. 
From the chair of Sacred Literature, Theol- 
ogical Seminary, Bangor, in 1829, he was 
called to the pastorate of the Congregational 
Church, Brunswick. In 1870, apprehending 
the near approach of such infirmity as age 
brings with it, and feeling the pressure of a 
large and important parochial change, he 
sought relief ; and, against the united remon- 
strances and amidst the regrets and tears of 
his people, removed to Orange, N. J., where 
with renewed vigor he undertook, as a sup- 
ply, the charge of a new Congregational 
church and society. The experiment, some- 
what hazardous for one verging on three-score 
and ten, proved eminently successful, as shown 
by the prosperity of the new enterprise and 
the strong hold he secured on the respect, 
confidence, and warm regard of his new peo- 
ple, and of that community. His pastoral 
relation, however, to his Brunswick people 
was never. dissolved except by his own death. 
He died at the age of seventy-four years and 
two months. 

In the summer of 1874, while on a visit at 
Bangor, he was seized suddenly in a neighbor- 
ing town, whither he had gone to supply the 
pulpit of a relative, with what seemed a fatal 
illness. His Brunswick church, hearing that 
he was apparently drawing near death, com- 
municated to his friends the request that, in 
the event of his decease, his remains should 
be brought and interred -in the cemetery 
where rest those of members of his own fam- 
ily, and of a generation of his former people. 
In accordance with this request and his own 
expressed wishes, his remains were brought 
from Orange ; a funeral service was held in 
the church where he had so long preached, 



December 30th. Suitable measures had been 
adopted in token of respect and love. The 
church was appropriately draped, and the 
business of the village suspended during the 
hours of service. The body of the church 
was filled with a sympathizing congregation 
gathered from all the religious societies, and 
from all parts of the town, and from other 
towns. Portions of Scripture were read by 
Rev. Dr. Wheeler of Topsham; addresses 
made by Rev. Mr. Byington, who succeeds Dr. 
Adams in the ministry, by Rev. Dr. Fiske of 
Bath, and by Prof. A. S. Packard. Prayers 
were offered by Messrs. Bjdngton and Pack- 
ard. Appropriate pieces of music were per- 
formed by the church choir ; and the remains 
of the pastor of forty-six years were tenderly 
borne to burial amid the graves of his house- 
hold and people, to sleep until the morning 
of the Resurrection. P. 


THE ADVANTAGE OF A PURPOSE 
IN LIFE. 

To those who are just starting out upon 
the voyage of life, the advantage of having a 
fixed purpose by which to be guided can 
scarcely be over-estimated. Life may be 
compared to a vast ocean, whose surface at 
times appears calm and tranquil. Its waters 
sparkle brightly in the sunlight, its waves 
gently rise and break upon the shore, and 
nothing interferes to disturb the peaceful se- 
renity which rests upon it. But presently a 
change comes on. Dark storm-clouds gather 
in the sky, and cast their gloomy shadows 
around like so many grim fore-runners of the 
approaching tempest. The surface, swept by 
the raging winds, becomes rough and boister- 
ous, and what was before only -the gentle 
breaking of the waves upon the shore becomes 
the wild crashing and roaring of an angry 
surf. 

Was an_y mariner so ignorant of the nat- 
ure of the mighty deep, or so regardless of his 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



147 



own safety, as to embark without compass or 
rudder by which to guide his frail ship ? If 
so, he now becomes aware of his folly. Noth- 
ing can save him from the sure and terrible fate 
which awaits him. His frail bark is driven 
hither and thither at the mercy of tiie raging 
winds, and at length dashed to pieces upon 
the rocks, a total wreck. 

But the mariner who wisely provided his 
ship with compass and rudder, sees his advan- 
tage when the storm arises. His ship, now 
completely under his control, bids defiance to 
the tempest, outrides the swollen waves, and 
reaches her harbor in safety. Just so it is in 
life ; a fixed purpose is the rudder which 
guides men through the storms of adversity, 
as well as the calms of prosperity, safe to the 
destined haven of success. 

Let us consider for a moment some of the 
special advantages to be gained from having a 
fixed purpose in life. In the first place, it en- 
ables a man to develop all his powers, and 
use them in the best manner; in a word, to 
make the most of himself as a man. 

Those people who wander along aimlessly 
through life, resorting now to this, now to 
that occupation, and succeeding in nothing, 
simply on account of their lack of application, 
are not the ones who make life a success. 
Their very fickleness overshadows what good 
qualities they may chance to possess, and it is 
an undeniable fact that the world would be 
better off without them. 

Not so with the man who in early life 
fixes upon some honorable occupation, in 
which he intends to serve the best interests of 
his fellow men. Actuated by such a motive, 
he is prepared to grapple with all (lie obsta- 
cles which may arise. All his energies are 
concentrated upon gaining his object, and 
success is as sure to follow from such a course 
as failure from its opposite. Such a man be- 
comes one of earth's benefactors, and is sure 
to find his reward in his own conscience, as 
well as in the approval of others. 



Again, a fixed purpose serves as a shield 
to protect one from the temptations of life. 
Events are constantly transpiring which tend 
to draw us from the path of rectitude. Many 
a young man enters college with bright pros- 
pects opening upon him for the future ; but 
the temptations which are there thrown around 
him prove too strong for him. He yields, and 
oftentimes all his hopes for the future are 
ruined. 

A young man is starting in business. His 
habits are sound and his aspirations noble. 
But in the course of his dealings, he is thrown 
into contact with men whose principles are 
not so good as his own. Little by little he is 
persuaded to yield to the enticements of the 
unscrupulous, and is led to adopt their princi- 
ples and habits. 

These examples are not mere products of 
the imagination, nor are they isolated cases. 
They occur right about us in every-day life, 
and very blind must we be if we do not see 
them. 

Now we contend that if a young man has 
some great and worthy motive constantly in 
his mind, and regulates all his principles and 
actions in accordance with that motive, the 
chances of his yielding to temptation will be 
greatly diminished. His thoughts will be 
constantly directed towards that purpose, 
until, like some magic charm, it will gain pos- 
session of his whole soul, and naught can re- 
lease him from its influence. 

Such are sonic of the advantages resulting 
from a fixed purpose in life. Happy is the 
man who has such a purpose by which in lie 
guided, for in this manner will he besl secure 
the great end of life. 

Prof, (to his class) — "Where docs the 
expression occur for joy of one found? I 
think it is in the place where it speaks of the 
ninety-nine sheep thai were lost and the one 
that was stolen ! " 



148 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 

Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 13.— January 26, 1876. 

The Lovers 145 

Rev. George Eliashib Adams, D.D 145 

The Advantage of a Purpose in Life 146 

Editorial Notes 148 

Local 151 

Alumni Notes 353 

Editors' Table ]53 

EDITORIAL NOTES. 



We have sent notices, at least once, to 
nearly every subscriber among the Alumni ; 
and to most who did not heed the first notice, 
we have sent a second one. Yet there are a 
large number who have not forwarded their 
subscription. We wish you would pay atten- 
tion to this matter and not delay longer. If 
there are any among the Alumni who do not 
wish to longer continue their subscription, we 
wish, at least, they would now square up and 
give such notice. It really seems to us very 
negligent to delay sending the small sum of 
two dollars after repeated notices have called 
your attention to the fact of your indebted- 
ness. We hope this will be the last time we 



shall be obliged to call your attention to the 
matter. 



The second annual oratorical contest of 
the Inter-collegiate Literary Association oc- 
curred on the evening of Jan. 4th, at the 
Academy of Music ; eleven colleges being 
represented. 

The first prize was awarded to Elliott of 
Hamilton, the second to Tompkins of Cor- 
nell. The prize for best essay on Dickens 
and Thackeray Compared, was given to Heath 
of Cornell. Prize for essay on Universal Suf- 
frage was divided between Spencer of New 
York and Lawrence of Northwestern Uni- 
versity. The first and second prizes for 
Mathematics were awarded to Palmer of Cor- 
nell and Halstead of Princetown, respectively. 
The first prize in Greek was given to Miss 
Thomas of Cornell ; the second to Veghte of 
Rutgers. 

The college press are divided in opinion 
as to the success of the Inter-collegiate Liter- 
ary Association — speaking of it variously as a 
second-rate baby show ; a worthy but puerile 
effort ; and a magnificent success. 



Jan. 5th, New York had the honor of wit- 
nessing the adjourned meeting of the Inter- 
collegiate Athletic Association. Delegates 
were present from Amherst, Brown, Colum- 
bia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Princeton, 
Trinity, Union, Wesleyan, Williams, Yale, 
and College of City of New York. It was 
decided to have the following contests: 1st, 
One-hundred yards dash ; 2d, One-quarter- 
mile run ; 3d, One-half-mile run ; 4th, One- 
mile run; 5th, Three-mile run; 6th, One- 
hundred-and-twenty-yards hurdle race (ten 
hurdles); 7th, One-mile walk; 8th, Three- 
mile walk ; 9th, Running high jump ; 10th, 
Running long jump ; 11th, Putting the shot ; 
12th, Three-legged race. For Graduates — 
13th, One-mile run ; 14th, One-mile walk. 
Saratoga was chosen as the place for the con- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



149 



tests, and the day following the University 
Race was appointed as the time for them to 
be held. David M. Stone, of the New York 
Athletic Association, was selected as referee. 



"'So much has beeu saiil, anil, on the whole, so well 
said .'" — " Mi/ Double," E. E. Hale. 

Being fully convinced of our inability to 
do anything like justice to the inter-collegiate 
embroglio, we are obliged to use our scissors, 
hoping that our readers will be able to evolve 
something from this chaotic olla jjodrida. — 
Ed. Orient. 

To-day the annual convention of the College 

Rowing Association meets at Springfield 

We await with considerable interest the result of 
the meeting, since it is hinted that at least two im- 
portant changes are to be proposed by the regatta 
committee, viz. : that the races be rowed in heats, 
and that the crews carry coxswains. It will be 
remembered that several weeks ago wo suggested 
the first of these changes and . . . urged the 

consideration of the plan In order to 

insure justice aud satisfaction to all concerned, it 
seems absolutely necessary that this mode of racing 
should be adopted. — Tale Record, Dec. 1, 1875. 

The annual convention of the Rowing Associa- 
tion of American Colleges was held last Wednesday 
at Springfield ; and its work, although not to Har- 
vard's disadvantage, will be likely to deepen the 
conviction already existing in the minds of many, 
that the time has come for Harvard to withdraw 
from the Association. The chief characteristic of 
the convention's doings is weakness. — Harvard Ad- 
vocate, Dec. 3, 1875. 

Somo confusion was caused by the President's 
ignorance of parliamentary usage, and by the efforts 
of a Dartmouth delegate to impress the convention 
with a sense of the importance of his college. — Yale 
Courant, Dec. 4. 

Most of the timo was consumed in simultaneous 
attempts to grind small axes so numerous and dull 
that the process will have to be continued at another 
congress. . . . Only one sentiment seemed to be 
at all common, and that was an unreasonable dis- 
trust of tho motives of Talc and Harvard. The 
current opinion seemed to be that these institutions 
had entered into a most subtle and most foul con- 
spiracy, and that they only awaited a favorable 
opportunity to spring their mine and engulf the 



"smaller colleges" in general ruin 

The time has arrived when Talc should consider 
seriously whether, after all, she would lose much by 
withdrawing from the Association. . . . Tale 
entered the Association predicting that it would out- 
grow its usefulness and become unwieldy, but at the 
same time considering that to row with Harvard 
was an end outweighing all objections then existing. 
But the objectionable features have multiplied and 
increased to such prominence that it is now neces- 
sary to decide whether the tables are not turned, 
aud the desideratum for which we entered become 
too expensive. — Record, Dec. 8. 

In the first number of this volume of the Crim- 
son we expressed the opinion that Harvard could 
not honorably withdraw from the Rowing Associa- 
tion of American Colleges. We still think that at 
the time we had no cause to justify our leaving the 
Association, but the action of the convention which 
met at Springfield last week leaves us to choose now 
between two disagreeable alternatives. We must 
either submit to seeing questions of the greatest 
importance in regard to inter-collegiate rowing de- 
cided according to the expense they involve, rather 
than the advantages or disadvantages they would 
cause; we must suffer the minority of the college 
world to drag the majority along by the nose ; we 
must subscribe to measures which common sense 
tells us are absurd ; or we must leave the Associa- 
tion. The question is now, Which of these evils is 
the less? — Crimson, Dec. 10. 

I wish ... to consider . . . whether 
it is really true that Harvard has abundant reason 
for taking up her connection with the Association. 
. . . To bo sure she can withdraw and row 
against two or three of tho larger colleges ; . . . 
but, inasmuch as neither Harvard nor any one of 
these larger colleges who would form the new asso- 
ciation won at Saratoga last summer, they must, iu 
leaving the Rowing Association of American Col- 
leges, likewise leave the championship behind them, 
and any association they may form now will hold a 
second place in American amateur rowing. . . . 
It may lie very unfair that Harvard should lie called 
upon to consider the needs of smaller colleges whom 
Bhe has condescended to admit to the Association, 
and who have been ungrateful enough t'> beal her: 
but what is to be done about it .' ... If the 
Association remains as it is fur this year, or until One 
of the colleges that wish to withdraw (not neee>sa- 
rilv Harvard) wins, then the new association will 
In. Id the championship. It may be said that Har- 



150 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



vard and Yale do not care for the championship of 
American colleges in rowing, a? they have the pres- 
tige, and the Association will not be of any account 
without them ; yet it will not be so. If Cornell can 
produce the best crew, which will make the best 
time, she will hold the first place in boating, and 
the other colleges will have to take a back seat in 
popular estimation. — Advocate, Dec. 17. 

Before we issue another number, the Rowing 
Association will hold a meeting in New York. Wo 
can only ask them to be just. We earnestly beseech 
the little colleges not to be so hard on Harvard aud 
Yale. Really, our friends, we do wish you well. 
We do not want to injure your interests at all. If 
we stay in the Association please be kind to us, pity 
our faults, aud allow us a little corner in which to 
do as we like in our humble sphere. If you don't, 
we don't propose to put ourselves to very much in- 
convenience to stay where we do not particularly 
enjoy ourselves. — Conrant, Dec. 18. 

Last night a meeting was held to discuss the 
question whether Harvard should withdraw from 
the Rowing Association. . . . Mr. Fenno, '64, 
Mr. Ames, '66, and Mr. Roberts, 71, . . [were] 
appointed a committee to confer with the Executive 
Committee, to decide whether delegates should be 
sent to represent Harvard at the convention that 
meets in New York, January 4, or whether an 
announcement should be sent that Harvard has 
withdrawn. — Crimson, Dec. 24. 

Well, Yale has gone aud Harvard is likely to go. 
The criticisms we have seen are all very foolish. [!] 
. . . Nevertheless, we do not at all like the sen- 
timents expressed by Mr. Cook to a New York 
reporter. — Dartmouth, Dec. 30. 

" Yale's letter, read by the Secretary of the Asso- 
ciation, was as follows : — 

" ' New Havex, Dec. 27, 1875. 
To the Secretary of the Bowing Association of Amer- 
ican Colleges : — 

Sik : At a meeting of the Yale University Boat 
Club, held Dec. 21, it was voted that the Club with- 
draw from the Bowing Association of American 
Colleges. You will please inform the Association 
of this action at the coming New- York Convention, 
as Yale will be unrepresented. In behalf of the 
Club, very respectfully yours, 

Elmer P. Howe, President.' " 

The convention of the R. A. A. C. was called to 
order by the President, in a room in the Fifth Ave- 
nue Hotel, on the fourth of the present month. 
After the roll-call, the Secretary (Caldwell of Ham- 
ilton) stated that the only minutes in his possession 



were some ho had prepared at the request of a 
" friend." These he produced aud read. As his 
production was well salted with witticisms, con- 
ceived in a manner that he no doubt believed to be 
Attic, but which people having a regard for the 
proprieties of the time and place may be pardoned 
for thinking foolish, his performance gave the con- 
vention an air of burlesque at its very beginning. — 
Advocate, Jan. 10. 

They [the minutes] were an iusult to the Associa- 
tion, and the gentleman should have been immedi- 
ately removed from office. The Treasurer's report 
was then presented and adopted. . . . The re- 
gatta committee then reported. Mr. Rces, of Co- 
lumbia, read the majority report, strongly urging 
Saratoga for the next regatta. He also road letters 
from Trinity College, Dublin, and Cambridge Uni- 
versity, England, the former declining the challenge 
to row with us next summer, aud the latter not be- 
ing yet able to reply definitely. Mr. McCall, of 
Dartmouth, then read the minority report, which 
was a strong plea for Now London. — Am. Student, 
Jan. 15. 

The convention after some debate chose Sara- 
toga, Harvard voting with the majority in the affir- 
mative as a matter of courtesy. — Advocate. 

It was then voted that the regatta be the same as 
in 1875, au attempt to have it a four mile race hav- 
iug failed. The positions of the various crews wero 
then drawn by lot, No. 1 being immediately next 
the grand stand. They are as follows: 1, Har- 
vard; 2, Brown ; 3, Trinity; 4, Williams; 5, Wes- 
leyan ; 0, Cornell ; 7, Columbia ; 8, Bowdoin ; 9, Am- 
herst; 10, Princeton; 11, Hamilton; 12, Dartmouth ; 
13, Union. A letter was then read from Yale, stat- 
ing that she had voted to withdraw from the Asso- 
ciation. Her resignation was accepted. It was 
then voted that instead of each college being rep- 
resented by a judge as heretofore, only five judges 
be appointed, aud that they be graduates of at 
least two years' standing. . . . The following 
were elected judges: E. M. Hartwell, Amherst, '73 ; 
Robert C. Cornell, Columbia, '74 ; Rufus Anderson, 
Cornell, '73; G. F. Roberts, Harvard, '71; and 
Robert K. Cross, Princeton, '63. ... A regatta 
ball committee of five was elected. The commit- 
tee are E. S. Rapello, Columbia, '74 ; Hamilton 
White, Cornell, '76; E. G. Love, Hamilton, '72 ; 
Charles Isham, Harvard, '76 ; and William Questor, 
Union, '76. — Student. 

The feature of this [the afternoon] session was ■ 
decidedly a debate inaugurated by the motion of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



151 



the delegate from Princeton, who moved that the 
choice of the members of crews he limited to un- 
dergraduates studying for the degrees of B. A. or 
13. S. This proposal acted like an explosion of 
dynamite in the camps of Columbia and Cornell. 
Their delegates quickly "rose to explain " ; Captain 
Goodwin, of Columbia, stating that four of his pres- 
ent crew wore from the " School of Mines," that if 
this motion was carried he should resign his cap- 
taincy, aud that he had no doubt his college would 
withdraw. Captain Ostrom, of Cornell, remarked 
with feeling that the carrying of such a motion 
would leave him with one man ou his crew, and 
reminded the convention that, in the days when 
Columbia and Cornell were not winning races, no 
exception was taken to the composition of their 
crews, and inquired if the Association " if it was 
afraid of his crew, did not say so ! " . . . When 
the motion was put it was decided in the negative. 
. . . The question of prizes was again taken up 
at this point, and it was voted that only those offered 
by the Association should be accepted. The regatta 
committee, however, were to furnish a "small me- 
mento" to the members of the winning crews. 
They were also instructed to take entire charge of 
the regatta of 1876. The races are to be started at 
10 a.m. ou the third Wednesday of next July; the 
sculls and Freshmen taking the precedence. Fi- 
nally, the convention adjourned to meet again at 
the Fifth Avenue Hotel, on the 2d of December, 
1876.— Advocate. 

Although Yale has withdrawn from the Rowing 
Association, she will not disband as a University. 
The minor exercises and functions will go on as 
usual. — Buffalo Express. 

It is rumored that Dr. Noah Porter, of Yale 
College, thinks of atteuding the Beccher-Moulton 
Church Council, but it is not yet known whether 
Captain Cook will grant permission. The matter is 
under consideration. — Providence Press. 

The papers of Harvard and Yale have presented 
a great contrast in their manner of treating tin 1 with- 
draw al of their respective colleges from the Associa- 
tion, for while the Advocate wad the Crimson bavo 
discussed the question in an open, manly fashion, 
clearly disclosing to the reader the general senti- 
ment of the college, the Record and the Couranl have 
contained no editorials on the subject, no discussions 
as to its advisability, and in fact have acted as 
though they wished to keep the matter secret. For 
all we know to the contrary, this may have been 
their intention, but their silence looks very much as 



though they were ashamed to have their intended 
action known until it was irrevocably decided. — Acta 
Columbiana. 

Yale had a perfect right to withdraw, but she 
took a bad time to do it in. For the last two years 
she has been thoroughly wiped out at the Inter-col- 
legiate Regattas. In the meetings of the Associa- 
tion the voice of her representatives has had no more 
weight than that of smaller colleges. Strange to 
say, the will of the majority has prevailed, aud Yale 
has not been in the majority. Whether her views 
be the best or not, she has failed to get them adopted. 
She couldn't have her own way- She wanted it, and 
so she withdrew. This is all perfectly natural, and 
no one has the slightest reason to complain of the 
act itself. But it does seem slightly amusing when 
Yale attempts to disparage the Association and the 
present system of regattas. — College Argus. 

LOCAL. 

" Your bill is ready." 

" White to mate in one move." 

Field's store on the corner has been closed. 

The fly-door in the South end of M. H. is 
a grand success. 

" The melancholy days have come, the 
saddest of the year." 

'• Will you take a glass of water?" " No, 
thanks. Have sworn off." 

We understand that The Baffle is as much 
of a success financially as otherwise. 

" Have a cigarette, won't you?" "No, I 
thank you, I don't believe in ' caporal ' pun- 
ishment." 

How about Dancing School? We learn 
that it is nut possible d> obtain names enough 
to ensure the payment of the bills. 

The correct tiling to do now is to lock your 
door, "sport the oak," posl six hours for 
study, and read fifty pages of history a day. 

Chess is quoted above par this term. 
Whist just about holds its own. Poker has 



152 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



no stock iu the market, and Sancho Pedro 
has dropped entirely out of sight. 

Capt. Caziarc has the Senior Class in Con- 
stitutional Law this term, and is to have them 
in International Law during the Summer term. 

The Sophomores have already begun to 
see the beauties of Analytics. Learn your 
lessons and perhaps you won't get conditioned. 

The occupants of the South End of M. H. 
have the best end-woman in College, but they 
do not dare to go into the North End of W. 
H. after dark. 

The Seniors are to have debates every 
Wednesday afternoon throughout the present 
term. The subjects will be taken from the 
Political Economy which they studied daring 
the Fall term. 

The Seniors are to have their class pic- 
tures taken by Warren of Boston, at his 
studio, 465 Washington St. He has made 
very liberal terms, and it is expected that he 
will do very nice work. 

The Juniors are puffing at blow-pipes and 
daubing their hands with chemicals this term. 
Most of them are rabid in the pursuit of 
knowledge, and will doubtless come out as 
wise as their predecessors. 

We would venture the suggestion that it 
would work well if, in the Senior debates, the 
class managed the affair completely ; elected 
a president and other necessary officers, and 
proceeded according to Cushing's Manual. 

Why can we not have lamps along the 
paths of our campus? They are much 
needed and the expense would be very slight 
if this new oil were to be used — about three 
cents per night. It has been very successfully 
used in some cities in this State. 

Although gymnasium is not compulsory 
this term, the building is by no means de- 
serted. About forty have signed a paper 
agreeing to take proper care of the apparatus, 



and every afternoon between four and six the 
gymnasium is opened for their benefit. 

The following subjects have been given 
out for Senior essays, clue Feb. 1st : " Is Faith 
Opposed to Reason? " " Origin of the English 
Parliament ; " " Masques of the Sixteenth 
and Seventeenth Centuries, with a Review of 
Milton's Comus;" "Is Our Present System of 
National Banks, a Good S3 r stem ?" "Should 
the State Undertake the Support and Control 
of Colleges ? " Original declamations are due 
from the Junior Class, Jan. 27th. They have 
the privilege of selecting their own subjects. 
The subjects for Sophomore Themes, due 
Feb. 28th, are : " What Was the Distinction 
between Puritans and Pilgrims ? " " The Con- 
stitution of Clisthenes;" a Summary or Re- 
view of the "Ars Poetica''; "Does College 
Promote Independence of Character?" 

There was a meeting of the Bowdoin 
Navy in the Senior Recitation Room, Satur- 
day a.m., Jan. 14th. Com. Stevens called 
the meeting to order. Report of Secretary 
Sherman was read and accepted. Report of 
Mr. Burleigh, delegate to the last Convention 
of the American Boating Association, was 
received, and Committee discharged. Mr. 
Sargent then asked whether any action 
had been taken relative to sending a crew to 
Saratoga. As no definite action had been 
taken, Mr. Wright moved " That a crew be 
sent to Saratoga the coming regatta." The 
motion was seconded. Mr. Sargent then 
obtained the floor and argued, at some length, 
against the desirability of sending a crew. 
He thought we did not have the muscle, at 
present, to put into a boat and win the race. 
He then offered an amendment to the mo- 
tion to insert the word not befere send. Mr. 
Payson followed in a few remarks, and 
strongly favored sending a crew. He thought 
a better crew could be raised this year than 
ever before. Mr. Burleigh argued in the same 
strain, and it was final!}' voted to send a crew. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



153 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

'41. — Hon. F. Robie has been chosen 
Speaker of the State House of Representa- 
tives. Mr. Robie is one of the nine gradu- 
ates of Bowdoin who have held that position ; 
the others are Geo. Evans '15, Speaker in 
1829 ; Jona. Cilley '25, in 1835-6 ; J. S. Little 
'25, in 1841, 1856; Jno. C. Talbot '39, in 1853; 
Chas. A. Spofford '46, in 1857 ; F. A. Pike 
'39, in 1860 ; Edwin B. Smith '56, in 1871 ; 
and W. W. Thomas '60, in 1874-5. 

'58. — Hon. J. P. Cilley has been chosen 
Adjutant General of the State. 

'61. — Hon. L. A. Emery has been chosen 
Attorney General. 

'61. — Gen. Thos. W. Hyde is President of 
the State Senate. The following graduates 
of Bowdoin have in the past held that posi- 
tion : R. P. Dunlap'15, in 1827-8,1831-2; 
Jos. Pierce '18, in 1835-6 ; R. H. Vose '22, in 
1841; S. H. Blake '27, in 1842; S. H. Chase 
'32, in 1846 ; Jno. Hodgdon '27, in 1847 ; C. 
W. Goddard '44, in 1859; Jno. H. Goodenow 
'52, in 1861; W. W. Virgin '44, in 1866; Jos. 
Crosby '.35, in 1868. 

'64.— Rev. H. W. Grover, lately of Bethel, 
has accepted an invitation to preach for a 
year in Topsham. — Lewhton Journal. 

'74. — The Journal of Education says that 
Mr. Chas. E. Smith has decided to remain in 
the State, instead of going to Iowa as formerly 
reported. 

'75. — M. A. Floyd is reading law in the 
office of Strout & Gage, Portland. 

The annual meeting of the Bowdoin Al- 
umni of Portland and vicinity, was held at 
the Falmouth Hotel on the 7th inst. The 
President of the Association, Jno. Rand. Esq., 
presided, and Gen. C. P. Mattocks delivered 
the oration. The following are the officers 



chosen for the ensuing year: President, C. 
W. Goddard ; Vice Presidents — Bion Brad- 
bury, Geo. F. Talbot, S. J. Anderson, G. E. 
B. Jackson, J. M. Brown; Recording Secre- 
tary, Fred H. Gerrish ; Treasurer, Thos. M. 
Giveen; Executive Committee — Wm, E. Don- 
nell, Ed. P. Payson, Wm. H. Moulton; Ora- 
tor, H. H. Hunt. 

EDITORS" TABLE. 



We acknowledge with pleasure the address of 
D. A. Hawkius, Esq., before Syracuse University ; 
at Commencement last June. The subject, The His- 
tory, Character, and Destiny of the Anglo-Saxon 
Race, is as ably as it is elegantly haudled. 

The vacation brought us, among other good 
things, Tick's Floral Guide for 1876; and it came 
as an old friend, for its face is familiar to us. Partly 
from experience, and partly from the verdict of 
friends whose opinions on the subject we highly 
respect, we have the utmost confidence in Vick's 
seeds, and are pleased that our possession of the 
editorial pen gives us an opportunity of saying so. 
Students wishing flowers for their rooms for the 
summer term, should send to Vick's for seeds or 
cuttings. 

The Tufts Collegian has a very creditable trans- 
lation of Uuland's " Minstrel's Curse." By choosing 
a poem so often rendered, however, the translator 
exposes his work to comparison with previous efforts, 
and noticeably, perhaps, with the graceful version 
of Filmore, beginning — 

" In olden time a castle stood, 
All high and stern to view." 

" W. P. S." of the Dickinsonian, not only pro- 
vokes criticism, but seems to challenge it in the use 
of " lie Givcth His Beloved Sleep," as the title of 
his rhymes. It is doubtful, however, if a critic can 
be found to waste many words on the trash. 

The Volantc is somewhat erratic in its coming, 
but when it docs put in an appearance it is "a power 
and a terror." ncrc is a single line from the last 
number: "Chicago can boast of the offalesl rivet- 
in the world." Could mortal editors be expected to 
keep that thing up regular]} .' 

The College Journal for January is chiefly taken 
up with descriptions of the holidays, and sundry 
felicitations thereon. 



154 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



The Bockford Seminary Magazine has an article 
entitled, li Is John Smarter than I?" which for wit 
and wisdom deserves a wider circulation than it can 
easily attain in a college periodical. 

Whether the (Woodstock) Tyro is a magazine 
having for its ultimate object the conversion of the I 
world, is a question concerning which doubt must 
exist, it is to bo supposed, until we are made 
acquainted with the inner workings of the " Adel- 
phian Literary Society." It is strange that the 
talented authoress of " Nuisances," in the Decem- 
ber issue, forgot to enumerate the magazine itself. 

The Brunonian is a paper for which we always 
have felt a weakness ; not indeed from anything 
which it contains, but it affords such a fine chance 
for readable articles, if the editors would but write 
them! 

The Pritchett Institute runs largely to prize es- 
says and clippings ; the editor's scissors must be 
more actively employed than his pen, and his paste- 
brush than his brain. 

We are obliged to the Uni. Becord (Sewanee, 
Tenn.) for its praise, yet cannot but feel that bet- 
ter spelling and more regard for common grammat- 
ical prejudices would be a decided improvement. 
We do not object particularly to being called the 
" B-o-u-doin Orient," but to be told that our "affa- 
ble criticisms " " is decidedly the most interesting 
feature of the periodical," is rather a dubious com- 
pliment. 

The Yale Courant, under its present manage- 
ment, is scarcely more refined than the Becord. 

The exchanges are most of them full of the vari- 
ous Inter-collegiates, a disease which is fast becom- 
ing chronic ; but none more overflowing than the 
Lafayette College Journal. Not that Lafayette had 
the honor and happiness to obtain any of the Inter- 
collegiate, etc., prizes; but Lafayette was there, and 
enjoyed everything with the naivete of " a child of 
five years." 

The Cornell Era has a sonnet by " H. T., '80." 
Truly at Cornell, " the great Cornell," as the Becord 
hath it, they advance with wonderful rapidity. 
"And the children shall die an hundred years old." 

From the wilds of Hanover cometh the T. D., 
a new journal, "devoted to the interests of smokers." 
With such an extensive aim — for the "interests of 
smokers " must bo varied and wide — the T. D. cer- 
tainly cannot be said to lack an object. The first 
issue is devoted almost exclusively to articles, con- 



tributed and selected — principally the latter, setting 
forth the delights of the charming vice. The paper 
is to continue "so long as it is appreciated, and 
. . . backed " ! In theory this is all very well, 
but in practice we fear — but we will uot anticipate. 



Prof. — " Mr. Smith, what is the German 
for clear?" Smith — "Oh! hell professor — " 
Prof. — " Leave the room instantly, sir ! " — 
Institute. 

Scene — Ithaca parlor. Charming Sub- 
Fresh, to enamored Soph. — " Now, do sing 
'Lagerbeer Horatens' once more, won't you." 
Soph, grinds out the noble air of "Lauriger" 
with ill-concealed disgust. — Era. 

Old Lady (who sleeps badly) — " Now, 
Mary, if I should want to light my candle, 
are the matches there?" Mary — "Yes, 
ma'am, there's wan." Old Lady — "One! 
What if it misses fire or won't light?" Mary 
— " Oh, niver a fear ma'am. Share Itried it." 
— Chronicle. 

A washerwoman knocks at the door of one 
of the rooms in South. A well-known '75 
man is quietly keeping a chair down, and the 
following dialogue takes place : Female — 
"Do you want a,r\j washing done?" '75, 
with dignity — "I am a tutor, madam." 
Female — " ! of coorse then you won't 
have any done." — Record. 



SUCCESSFULLY TREATED 

Without the use of the 
KNIFE OR CAUSTICS 

And without pain. Address, 

Dr. J\.. H- :Bx-o-wxx 7 

203 CnAPEL St., 
NEW HAVEN, CONN., 

Enclosing twenty-five cents for 
Pamphlet and Postage. 



HOW TO LEARN PHRENOLOGY. 

"THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHRENOLOGY," 737 Broad- 
way, N. Y., (Incorporated by the Legislature of the State), will, during the 
Summer vacation, 1870, instruct a class to accommodate Teachers, Students, 
Ministers, and others. Circulars, giving full explanation, sent by mail, en 
application as above. 





oin 




Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 9, 1876. 



No. 14. 



A LETTER never sent HOME. 

Tone — Derby Hani. 

Deal' Dal, you brought me up to be 

"A happy Christian child;"' 
But thing-: I learned at College have 
My innocence beguiled, 

My innocence beguiled, sir! 
My innocence beguiled, 
And since I've faced the world I've been, 
Perhaps a trifle wild. 

I wonder if you once were so, 

If, in your younger days, 
Your songs were all revival songs, 
Commingling prayer and praise, 

Commingling prayer and praise, sir, 
Commingling prayer and praise, 
Or if you tin have stepped aside, 
Despising wisdom's ways. 

I wonder if like uie you've sang 

To alcoholic cheer ; 
And mentioned — when the rafters rang — 
With something like a leer, 

With something like a leer, sic, 
With something like a leer, 
That you were but a " Rambling Rake," 
Your Dad a " Gambolier." 

Well, Dad, the-years of steady work 

Are sobering your son ; 
llr, too, "ill tread the narrow path. 
E'er half his race is run, 

E'er half his race is run, sir, 
E'er half his race is run, 
He had to sow an oat or two, 
Von know, old man, 'twas fun. 

And now, my father, who can tell, 

Hut in that happier sphere, 
Where first is last and last is first, 
And everything is queer, 

And everything is queer, sir, 
Ami even thing is queer, 
They'll take you for the "Rambling Rake" 
Ami mi- for the " Gambolier." 

(i \ M !!. ll.IKIf. .111. 



HISTORICAL READING. 
We have sometimes thought that in Col- 
lege there was really little disposition to pur- 
sue historical study, outside of the absolute 
requirements of the course. It is a common 
occurrence to hear somebody remark on the 
course of general reading in which they are 
already engaged, or which they are about to 
undertake, naming standard novelists, poets, 
and perhaps essayists ; but seldom including 
historians to any great extent. Moreover, 
there is the common practice of terming his- 
tory " dry " ; very often we hear the " dry 
facts of history " mentioned. If these in- 
stances did not occur so frequently, it would 
be natural to suppose that either the histor- 
ical reading of these persons is very limited, 
or that they are of an exceedingly dull tem- 
perament. If it were really so dry, we could 
not expect that it would have been adopted 
so early. The narrations of the story-teller 
of the olden time, concerning the achieve- 
ments of his tribe or nation, could not have 
been uninteresting : nor could the lays of the 
wandering minstrel, who was warmly wel- 
comed in many a lordly castle. These tales 
were always intermingled with popular beliefs 
or colored by the narrator's art. Such are, 
indeed, now rejected as unreliable. but History 
is not deprived of its attractions. The critical 
spirit in which it is now written transfers the 
fabulous tales of Livv into the domain of 
popular notion ; it is no lunger filled with ex- 
travagant laudations: it does not suffer dis- 
tance to throw enchantment upon the objeel ; 
but it strives to consider men as surrounded 
by the influences of their times, and to try 
their actions by the tesl of the experience of 
the present day. Royalty is no longer unap- 



158 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



proachable, and to it History does not kneel. 
It considers now the affairs of the common 
people, which, when it wore " the mask 
and the cothurnus and spoke to measure," 
were passed by as beneath notice. 

Some knowledge of history is needed to 
understand the allusions found in every-day 
reading. While we appreciate with pleasure 
mention of the poets or novelists, the allu- 
sions to history appeal to us with a force 
which springs from their reality. None are 
more common, none are more useful, none 
are more forcible than allusions drawn from 
history. It is a great store-house of human 
experience, from which may be obtained, at 
will, examples to give grace to an argument, 
pith to repartee, or elegance to our sentences. 
Mention of current events is made by nearly 
every writer, either in regard to persons or 
theories, and but little satisfaction is obtained 
if they are not understood. Instead of sup- 
plying the deficiency, notes in many cases 
only serve to aggravate, deluding with the 
hope of obtaining some aid, yet condensing to 
bare statistics. But aside from all allusions, 
no proper appreciation can be obtained of the 
best authors — those for whom history is often 
neglected — unless we can realize the posi- 
tion in which they were placed, know some- 
thing of those for whom they wrote, and the 
society around them. Does it not give in- 
creased delight in the writings of Pope, if we 
call to mind the galaxy of brilliant lights who 
then lived and wrote ? of the jealousies and 
criticism of which he was the mark, and for 
which he took vengeance in the Dunciad ? if 
we associate with him the political events of 
the day, and the strifes of the politicians who 
called to their aid their literary cotemporaries? 
The intimate relation, also, of many authors 
to the events of their day lends a new charm 
to their writings ; often such connection is 
but merely hinted at by themselves — some- 
times not even a hint is given — but there is 
no case in which it does not awaken a livelier 



interest to know more of an author's part 
than we can learn from the writings alone. 
Certainly every reader of Paradise Lost would 
wish to know something of Milton's political 
existence, from which he retired, poor and 
blind, to compose his immortal work. The 
services of Sir Philip Sidney in the Nether- 
lands, and his death at Zutphen, give a greater 
renown to the author of Arcadia and that 
generous patron of letters. 

No little value should be placed upon the 
benefit to the manner of expression derived 
from an acquaintance with historical writers. 
A command of language and elegance in 
using it, are of such great importance that no 
means for their acquisition ought to be neg- 
lected. To aid in our endeavors we go 
back to the time of the ancients, and read the 
Greek and Latin orators, historians, and poets 
— such as were masters of their language; 
but the historians, available, are not alone 
Greek or Latin. Among English historians 
are found writers, the peers of Greek or Latin. 
Macaulay, Carlyle, and Gibbon are authors of 
works famous for the brilliancy, vividness, 
and grandeur of their style. 

In any course of practical education, so 
often demanded, History should hold an im- 
portant place. It is almost too evident to 
need mention that the study of the principles 
of governments, to which an increasing atten- 
tion is given, cannot be pursued without it. 
In turning naturally to the history of his own 
country, an American is somewhat favored, 
since it, closely allied with English history, 
possesses an uninterrupted connection. The 
American Revolution was not, like the 
French, a complete overturning of exist- 
ing institutions ; it pushed aside the barrier 
which stood in the way of a progressing 
development of American ideas. In this re- 
spect the American student certainly stands 
on an equal footing with the English, for 
whom a like advantage has been claimed; 
and they may feel a common interest in 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



159 



tracing the idea of local self-government to 
Saxon origin. 

Then in the study of Political Economy, 
no language can over-estimate the value of 
historical knowledge. The depopulation of 
districts, or the decline of industry, in conse- 
quence of governmental policy, cannot be 
illustrated except from the past events of 
nations ; the sudden industrial growth of 
different communities, which have become 
matters of history, present most interesting 
subjects to the economist. If any lessons 
may l>e derived from the " dry facts of history," 
economic science will certainly possess its 
share. 

Under the critical views of many modern 
writers, history is np longer a mere mass of 
facts. By their labors it has been developed 
into a philosophy, possessing order and gov- 
erned by fixed principles, and is thus available 
for instruction. The theories on the subject 
are many and widely different, yet all agree 
in that historical events are the results of 
causes acting upon fixed rules. Vico was the 
first to put forth a theory on the subject ; but 
that, like the theories of the ancient astrolo- 
gers, has been passed by as wild and fanciful. 
The views of each are colored by their philo- 
sophical beliefs ; Christian historians would 
construct a Philosophy of History, recogniz- 
ing a Providence guiding in the matters of 
human progress. 

A knowledge of history, however, pos- 
sesses a nobler value — a moral one ; the cul- 
tivating of right feelings and true sympathies. 
It presents, for the guidance of the reader, 
characters equal — and perhaps superior, in (hat 
they are real — to any creations of the poet or 
novelist. Such an influence history certainly 
exerts upon him who will give sufficient at- 
tention to it. Hut a satisfactory knowledge 
of history is only the result of long-continued 
reading; it cannot be acquired in a few 
months, except as a mere table of dates and 
events. In College, the amount of reading 



must necessarily be limited ; yet a taste may 
be created for studying historical scenes, 
which will make history the pastime and yet 
study of future leisure, that the wisdom 
may be derived from it which, according to 
Bacon, histories bestow. 



We have lately heard of a project on foot 
which strikes us as quite a novelty. That is, 
to organize a company of Bowdoin Cadets, 
and drill in preparation for going to the Cen- 
tennial. The} r would go at the government's 
or somebody's else expense, and would, of 
course, camp out, do guard duty, etc., while 
there. Although a great man}*- would not 
feel transported with joy over the success of 
the plan, still there may be enough military 
enthusiasm in college to cany it through, and 
make it a popular affair. It will be a cheap 
way to see the Centennial, provided they do 
not have to buy a thirty-dollar uniform. 



Sexior Essay — Due March 8th. 

1. The Intellectual Influence of Atheism. 

2. The Policy of " Thorough " in English His- 
tory and its Author. 

3. Have we Innate Knowledge ? " 

4. The Lake School of Poetry. 

5. The Limit of State Rights under the Consti- 
tution. 

Jrxion Theme — Due March 1st. 

1. Does a Man's Creed Determine his Character ? 

2. Ptolemaic Theory of Astronomy. 

3. Why is the Condition of Turkey so Important 
an Element in European Politics? 

4. A Comparison of the Satires of Juvenal and 
Horace. 

Sophomore Theme — Die March 4th. 

1. What is a Successful Life ? 

2. A Comparison of Tiberius and Cains Gracchus. 

3. The Manufacture of Paper. 

4. The Influence of College Habits upon Subse- 
quent Life. 



160 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVEEY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Aelo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Howe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 14.— February 9, 1876. 

A Letter never sent Home 157 

Historical Reading 157 

Editorial Notes 160 

Local 163 

Alumni Notes 165 

Editors' Table 165 

Filchings 166 



" Legends of Ancient Greece and Modern 
America." 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



The Independent Course of Lectures in 
aid of Memorial Hall, given by the Faculty, 
began Thursday evening last, with a very 
instructive and interesting " talk " by Prof. 
G. L. Vose. His subject was: "Our Iron 
Roads." He pointed out the advantages and 
disadvantages of grades ; very elaborately and 
explicitly explained all the general features of 
bridge building, and the strength of material 
used ; gave exceedingly interesting accounts 
of the trials and tribulations of famous 
engineers in their undertakings, and treated 
the subject in a generally satisfactory manner. 
The next lecture will be given Thursday, 
Feb. 10th, by Prof. J. B. Sewall. Subject: 



The selection of the Boating question as 
the subject of the last debate of the Senior 
Class, indicates the college feeling in regard 
to boating. That a majority of the speakers 
were opposed to sending a crew to Saratoga, 
does not signify, perhaps, since it might have 
been the accidental result of the arrangement 
of the disputants. It is sufficiently evident, 
however, that a large minority, at least, if not 
a decided majority of all the students, would 
vote against the sending of a crew. 

With the poor prospect of a successful 
crew organization, the entire lack of enthu- 
siasm, and the decided opposition in some 
quarters, it seems folly to entertain the idea 
of going to Saratoga. It is manifest folly to 
talk of having one hundred and fiftyy to select 
from, when the latest reports give four from 
which to select a crew of six. It has never 
been the policy of the present Board of 
Editors to oppose the action of the majority 
of the students ; but the vote of the last 
boating meeting has much the appearance of 
a minority action, allowed to pass because the 
majority had given the matter no particular 
consideration. Let us, at least, look the 
chances fairly in the face, and if a crew is to 
be sent to the Regatta, let it be done by the 
considerate action of the mass of students. 



" Be sure and keep your cash account 
correctly," the careful father says by way of 
blessing to the departing Freshman. 

" Oh 3'es, sir ! " replies his son, in his in- 
most heart hoping for the greatest possible 
amount of cash to the least possible account. 

For the first week or two the lad strug- 
gles manfully with the terrible blank-book 
where all his follies in the shape of pea- 
nuts, cigars, and soda-water, stare him in the 
face whenever he opens it. After that there 
is a manifest tendency to lump all deficiencies 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



161 



into one grand total as "postage" or "station- 
ery." But at the end of the term there must 
be a reckoning and a squaring. " Be sure 
and bring home your cash-book," writes the 
father; and the young Freshman feels the 
bitterness of life steal over him as lie locks 
his door and proceeds with his task. A cash 
account is highly conducive to cynicism. 
The Freshman thinks of the Apples of Sodom 
as he cudgels his brains to remember how 
much he lost that night at "pool," and how 
much was required for that midnight revel at 
the depot. He sees with terrible distinctness 
his father's deliberative way of putting on his 
spectacles, and going over the account, item 
by item. The Christmas holidays become a 
season of bitterness, and the youth feels that 
his father's good will has been bought at a 
heavy price. He returns to college to learn 
again that the account is about as hard to 
keep as the cash. 



During the past three years and a half we 
have become fully convinced of the advan- 
tages of rooming alone in college. There is 
an enjoyment in being the sole occupant of a 
room, subject only to one's own sweet will, 
and not compelled to keep in restraint either 
words or actions lest they should disturb a 
room-mate, which is a material part of college 
life, and which disappears in the presence of 
a room-mate, be he the most lamb-like Fresh- 
man, or grave and dignified Senior puzzling 
over some abstruse point of Metaphysics. 

This lias often been remarked upon in our 
hearing, and will be generally recognized as 
true. Let not anybody say that this is the 
result of pure selfishness, and of a dislike to 
control ourselves for another's comfort. It 
seems to be rather a natural feeling or reaction 
from the restraint which everybody is neces- 
sarily under in the daily intercourse of fellow 
students. We meet at meals, at lectures, 
and ;it chapel; and, were it not for the little 
courtesies, the regard for others, whicb every 



body is obliged to cultivate, our life would be 
unbearable. It is the sense of freedom from 
all such care and watchfulness of ourselves, 
which constitutes the enjoyment of rooming 
alone. The moment one gets inside the door 
he has only himself to consult in his immedi- 
ate action ; the books may be deposited upon 
the table with any amount of noise; the over- 
coat may be spread upon as many chairs as 
the owner chooses, and he may whistle or hum 
a tune, regardless of everybod}'. 

But solitude is an important condition of 
proper reading or study. Think what a slight 
thing will disturb and draw away your 
thoughts, for the moment, when cosily en- 
sconced in your easy chair before the fire, you 
are engaged with your favorite author. At 
such a time, before all others, would you enjoy 
the most profound silence ; but just then in 
comes your chum and the door may be shut 
with a slam, or one of a hundred other slight 
occurrences may happen which will interrupt 
your reading. Such things are the necessary 
evils of having a room-mate, and you cannot, 
even to yourself, find any fault, since there is 
a consciousness of having occasioned him the 
same trouble many times before. But sup- 
pose somebody knocks at the door ; one is 
obliged to say " come in," since he does not 
know whether it is a caller upon himself or 
chum, and thus he finds, when again at 
leisure, that he must re-read some lines in 
order to proceed intelligently, losing consider- 
able time and experiencing less real enjoy- 
ment. It is much the same if one is engaged 
in study : perhaps slight occurrences do not 
so easily disturb study, but certainly when 
the attention is once drawn off it is less easily 
concentrated again on the subject ; at least 
such has been our experience. 

And, moreover, if any of our readers ever 
indulge in dreaming, they will bear witness 
how necessary, in that ease, perfect solitude 
becomes. Perhaps some may turn away with 

a Sneer, at this mere mention of dreams; and 



162 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



we are aware of thus exposing ourselves, 
since the term, day-dreamer, carries with it 
the stigma of worthlessness. Persons of 
great activity and diligence, say they have 
no time for such idleness. However that may 
be, we do not think that it wholly condemns 
the indulgence, since we fancy that those of 
the greatest energy, who, perhaps, have 
attained considerable eminence, at some time 
allowed themselves to fall into such a reverie, 
picturing to themselves some lofty ideal ; for 
what is the exercise of this truly noble power 
of the mind, if not a kind of dreaming? But, 
nevertheless, solitude is indispensible for its 
enjoyment. When there is the least commo- 
tion around, or even in the presence of 
another, one cannot let his mind stray from 
some striking delineation while the fanciful 
thoughts follow each other in ever increasing 
heights of imagination. In such flights of 
fancy some may first obtain a faint sense of 
their capacities, or be impelled to exertion. 

He who delights in strolling in the fields 
or woods, will recognize how much freer he 
feels, how much wider his thoughts range, 
when he is alone. If in company with one 
who directs the conversation, the train of talk 
is not his own ; it follows his companion's 
inclinations, and, though it may be new to 
him, it is not like following his own feelings. 
On the other hand, if he directs the conver- 
sation, it is less likely to be on some new 
subject, but rather on something which has 
previously occupied his attention. Indeed, 
we think that while seeking to gratify our 
feelings for companionship and cultivating 
sociality and cordiality with each other, care 
may well be had not to fall into extremes by 
too seldom allowing ourselves the advantages 
of solitude. 



To be the confidante of an aspiring young 
author is not without its advantages, but is, 
nevertheless, a delicate task. 

Our friend Swingle, who rooms in the 



neighborhood of the editorial den, is given to 
verse-making. In an unhappy hour he read 
"Back-log Studies," and became convinced 
that he might be a Tennyson if he chose. He 
forthwith proceeded to the library and col- 
lected all the volumes of legendary lore he 
could lay hands upon, designing to write a 
series of tales after the style of " Idyls of the 
King." He selected the story of St. Margaret, 
and wrote a quantity of parallel lines as long 
as the width of his sheet would allow. Hav- 
ing filled half-a-dozen sheets of theme paper 
in this way, he suddenly was seized with a 
doubt whether this were poetry or prose. He 
quickly invaded the sanctum with the pathetic 
appeal, — " I wish you'd be kind enough to 
tell me whether this is blank verse or not." 
We were restrained from uttering the old pun 
about " very blank verse " by the perfectly 
blank expression of his countenance. It did 
seem to us, however, that — 

" Sweet Margaret, whom the dragon eat up, 
And then burst open so that she got out again," 

was lacking in some of the essential elements 
of poetry. 

We spare the reader the convei'sation with 
Swingle, which followed. Suffice it to say 
that he decided to make certain researches 
into the mysteries of rhyme and rhythm 
before proceeding with his " Legend of St. 
Margaret." We flattered ourselves that for 
this term, at least, Swingle was disposed of ; 
but yesterday he again burst into our sanc- 
tum bearing an enormous roll of MS. With 
remarkable thoughtfulness he had decided 
that he might get valuable practice by writing 
a few parodies ; and with a degree of ingenuity 
which does him great credit, he had twisted 
"The Lady of Shallot" and " Aladdin " into 
the following grotesque shapes : — 

" On either side the campus lie 
Long streets; and I defy 
Any man to find deeper slosh, or spy 
Fences or hedges more rickety and awry 
Than these arc. 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



163 



Anil up and down the students go, 
Gazing at school-girls walking slow. 
Sometimes they wink, I'm sure it is so 
Too often by far ! " 

" 'When I was a beggarly Soph., 

And lived in the fourth floor of Appleton, 

I had neither a mask or a horn, 

But I had a dark lantern." 

What more Swingle might have read is 
lost to the world forever. We fell into a 
swoon, and he was obliged to rouse the end 
to help him get his victim to bed. 

In the silent watches of the night we 
awoke to find Swingle, penitent and sad, 
watching by the bedside. " Nobody ever 
taught me the difference between prose and 
poetry," lie said pitifully. 

" Swingle," we replied solemnly, " for- 
give the feelings that were too much for our 
control this afternoon. We admire you ; we 
honor your perseverance. Yon may yet be 
class poet. You deserve to be. You must be. 
The demand is imperative, and the supply is 
small ; many are called, but few come ; most 
who attain to the proud eminence would will- 
ingly exchange for a position more lucrative 
and less onerous. All these things make it 
probable that you may secure the place. But 
for the love of heaven, when you write your 
class poem, use narrow paper! " 

" I learned 'em all ! " the unhappy suitor 
of the muses burst out, in a somewhat incohe- 
rent allusion to his researches in Greek and 
Latin Prosody, " I learned 'em all, from Dac- 
tylic Hexameter to Greater Asclepiadean, 
Pherecratean and Cretic Tetrameter Acata- 
lectic and all ; but it did not help me a 
particle. How was I to know whether it was 
poetry or not? " And he cast a rueful glance 
to the cinders in the grate which sufficiently 
disclosed the fate of his MS. And we could 
only say to ourselves in repetition, " How 
was he? " 

Now, the im-moral seems to be, thai if 
Swingle is going to write, it may lie policy In 
keep him in profound ignorance of the princi- 



ples of prosody. The moral is, that if he is 
to be turned out as a liberally educated man, 
it is much to be regretted that he should live 
in ignorance of the difference between prose 
and poetry. It is small use to tell Swingle 
that Coleridge has defined prose as " words in 
the best order, and poetry as the best words 
in the best order." He will know exactly 
as much as he did before, and no more. 
" Something is evidently wrong with our 
course of English Literature," we said to our 
watcher. 

"Have we one?" he asked in great sur- 
prise. 

What could be said in reply ? Plainly 
nothing ; so we turned over and went to sleep. 



LOCAL. 



Hard times for locals. 

Medical session commences Feb. 17th. 

Prof. White has returned from the West 
and is now in town. 

A few course tickets for the Memorial 
Hall lecture course are still on hand. 

The dance at Dirigo Hall last week was 
pronounced to be a very enjoyable affair. 

When are singerslike pirates? Why, when 
they engage in sharp practice on the high CC. 

X. (pathetically) — " Yovi shouldn't call 
me a Bacchanalian, hie, chummy, just 'cause 
I've had a glass too much! " 

"The way to good resolutions is paved 
with ulsters," is the revised quotation. "Til 
steer out of them," said a puny Junior. 

Apropos of study hours we copy the fol- 
lowing table from a card on a door in college: 
Studv Hours fob Room No. a. n. 
5 to 6, in bod. 12 to l, at diuner. 

9J to 111*, in rec. :i to .".. at rec. .mil gyin. 

1U to I2J, in rec. to?, at Btipper. 



164 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Soph, translating " Vous pourriez me prSter 
les deux cent livres dont j'ai besoin: can you 
lend me those two-cent books that I need." 

Scene. — Company assembled, just before 
a large sleigh-ride. Lady. — "Who is to be 
our chaperon?" Student. — "Well, Mr. Fer- 
nald is going to drive, I believe." 

The " long-haired Achaean " has returned. 
Look to jrour watches, but don't delude your- 
selves with the idea that you will ever know 
exactly when the bell is going to ring. 

Cold weather makes it severe on those 
who live at any distance from college, though 
after their ears get frozen and swell " they niay 
be able to use them for wings, and fly like a 
dove.'' 

Some of the boys returning from Portland 
on the midnight train, Saturday, were some- 
what surprised to see one of our respected 
"peelers " selling beer at the depot. He ought 
to have arrested himself for breaking the Sab- 
bath. 

We have enjoyed our first, and probably 
only, adjourn this term. It was on the " day 
of prayer for colleges,'' Thursday, Jan. 27th, 
and was celebrated in the college about the 
same as in former years. There was much 
smoking and writing of themes. 

Now that they have voted, in Portland, to 
continue the Pullman midnight train through 
to Bangor, there is no reason why our faculty 
should not take m.s to recitation in the Port- 
land Museum. We are also nearer to Port- 
land than New Haven is to New York. 

On the first morning of this term, while 
it was scarcely light, and the janitor had just 
rung the seven o'clock bell, a freshman came 
rushing into the entry, and meeting him, 
exclaimed : — "Am I late ; am I late ? " " Late ! 
late for what ? " " Why, late for prayers ! " 
He returned to his couch, "a sadder, but a 
wiser man," and slept over after all. 



There is an old story about college to this 
effect : One day, a number of students were 
assembled in a room, when a knock was heard 
on the door, and one of them shouted : — ■ 
" Enter, ' consumption's ghastly form ! ' " The 
door opened, and in walked Prof. P . 

The rage for chess seems to be dying out, 
and some measures ought to be taken to keep 
alive the interest in it. Bowdoin has more 
than held her own in the games which she 
has played with other colleges and clubs, and 
we must not allow her to lose " her ancient 
glory." 

At a meeting of the Bowdoin Athletic 
Association, the following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year : President, W. T. Cobb ; 
Vice Presidents, Chapman and Baxter ; Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, P. G. Brown; Directors, 
Hargraves, Potter, and Davis; Master of cer- 
emonies, Beale. 

It is not by any means a common thing to 
hear a fire bell in Brunswick ; but of late we 
seem to be getting our share of small fires. 
And unfortunately for the youth of the place, 
they are generally of short duration, and a 
long ways off. " ! let me be a firemen and 
work on the brakes ! " 

One cannot help wishing that during these 
very cold mornings we could have the chapel 
properly warmed, or have the exercises in 
some other place, or be allowed to keep our 
hats on during the services. Our sufferings 
are not like those of the early Christians, 
" voluntarily undergone." 

1st student. — " Has ■ paid his Bugle 

advertisement yet? " 2d student. — " I reckon 
he has paid it in reality, if not in deed. I've 
not bought a cent's worth of him since I 
heard of it, and a good many others have 
taken it in the same way. He made a mis- 
take in not settling it in the first place." 

One of the Juniors lately sent on for a 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



165 



" horse " to Taugenichts. There was nothing- 
very strange in that, except that- when the 
publisher sent it to him lie put it in with a 
number of books intended for some of the 
Profs. We fear that he will not derive much 
pleasure or profit from his investment this 
time. 

Bowdoin boys will be thick in Boston until 
the third of March, when their tickets, which 
Warren has furnished them, will cease to be 
good. The senior delegation of Psi Upsilon 
went up in a bod}' last week, and report favor- 
ably of the treatment which they received at 
the hands of the photographer, and also a 
good time generally. 

ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We, earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni aud friends of the 
College.] 

'32. — Through the kindness of Prof. Pack- 
ard, we recently examined a very pleasing 
and unique memorial of this class. It con- 
sisted of fac-similes of messages from each of 
the surviving members to their classmates, 
reproduced on parchment paper. From it we 
obtain the following list of members: — 

Mr. Charles E. Abbott, Woodburne, Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

Rev. B. F. Barrett, Germantown, Pa. 

Rev. C. A. Bartol, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. A. P. Chute, Sharon, Mass. 

Mr. John Copp, Wakefield, N. II. 

Mr. A. G. Dole, Manchester, N. IT. 

Prof. I). R. Goodwin, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Prof. John Johnston, Middletown, Conn. 

Mr. Edvv. Payson, Portland, Me. 

C. C. Porter, M.D., Calais, Me. 

Rev. Horatio Southgate, Kales ChurchjVa. 

Rev. H. G. Storer, Oak Hill, Me. 

Henry A. True, M.D., Marion, Marion Co., 
Ohio. 

'35. — Rev. Stephen Allen. D. D., has 
accepted the position of Superintendent of 



the Maine Industrial School for Girls, at Hal- 
lowell. 

'53. — Rev. Wm. Carruthers, late of Calais, 
was recently installed pastor of the Congre- 
gationalist Church, at Pittsfield, Mass. 

'56. — Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, late of Chic- 
opee, is now settled at Ipswich, Mass. 

EDITORS' TABLE. 



We have not had the exchanges upon our table 
for a year without seeiug some very poor transla- 
tions. If the Tablet, however, claims that the ren- 
dering of Segar's " Les Adieux," given in the last 
issue, is the worst one for the year, we certainly see 
no reason why the claim should be disputed. 

We hardly know which to admire most, the 
good taste of the OiieAin Review in its selection of 
jokes, or the perfect coolness with which it publishes 
them unacknowledged. 

It is the Williams student who is now to be 
envied, and the Atherueum breaks out into the 
following jubilant rejoicings : — 

" We are rejoiced to record another most com- 
meudable and worthy action on the part of the 
faculty. Sunday-morning chapel is abolished for 
this term .' This is a welcome concession by faculty 
orthodoxy to student heterodoxy. To say that this 
announcement, made the first Saturday of the term, 
was received by the students as one of the most wel- 
come boons that could be granted them, is to express 
it mildly. The pleasure it excited in their minds 
was only exceeded by the hope that this order of 
things would continue after the expiration of the 
present term. And it is with great confidence that 
we expect the faculty, after having experienced the 
beneficent results of this exhibition of their common 
sense and good judgment, will not desire to return 
to the old course, so happily abandoned ; but, hav- 
ing [nit their hand to the plow, will not turn back, 
but press forward steadfastly to the end." 

The Targum reaches us from Rutgers, neat in 
its outside looks and interesting within. We like 
its editorial and local department particularly, and 
from the latter have clipped what was perhaps of 
more real Interest to us than anything else in the 
paper, as conveying as news of ono of our former 
Professors : — 

" Prof. Rock wood opened the course of Scientific 
Lectures, on Wednesday, January 12th, with a lec- 
ture on the Laws of Light. This course is to he 

delivered on Wednesday evening of each week; 
Prof. Van Dyck alternating with Prof. Rockwood. 
Every student should hear tin- course." 



166 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



We have the Amherst Student open before us, 
and truly we are at a loss what to do with it. The 
length and heaviness of its articles prevent us from 
taking any reasonable enjoyment in reading it, and 
yet it is too good looking a paper to be ignored alto- 
gether. So we glance it through hastily, from the 
fact that we find nothing to arrest our attention, 
and very little of college tone, life, or snap, in the 
whole paper. 

" Captain Ostrom of the mathematical turn of 
mind" occurs on every page of the Yale Record. 
It is a hard thing to say of anybody, and we trust 
that if Capt. Ostrom has been too demonstrative in 
his behavior heretofore he will endeavor to tone 
down his action to that standard of gentlemauliness 
so ably presented in the editorial department of the 
Record. 



FILCHING S. 

A Sophomore has discovered that Long- 
fellow is not an admirer of art ; for doesn't 
he say : " Dust, thou art ? " — Advocate. 

A young lady says the new sewing 
machine is like a kiss, " because, 1 ' she blush- 
ingly adds, " because, you see, it seems so 
good. — Dartmouth. 

Prof. — " What did the Egyptians do for a 
drink when Moses turned the waters of the 
Nile into blood?" Student (well-up in his 
matter) — " I suppose that they took it straight 
after that."' — Niagara Index. 

" Henry, why don't you keep a supply of 
cloves in your pocket ? " said an Albany 
3 r oung lady to her escort at the Opera House, 
recently; "you wouldn't then have to run 
out after every act; and I don't see why you 
are so awful fond of cloves anyhow." — Ex. 

" What can you say of the second law of 
thought " Student — "It cannot both be and 
not be. • For example, the door over there 
must be either shut or open ; it can't be both 
shut and open." Tutor — "Give us another 
illustration." Student — " Well, take the case 
of another door." — Ex. 



Scene 1st — Room in West. Senior to 
Soph. — " What do you think of l Morte d' 
Arthur ? ' " Soph. — " 1 consider him the 
greatest author in English Literature." Scene 
2d — Club. Senior to Club — " said to- 
day that he thought 'Morte d' Arthur' the 
greatest author in English Literature." Club 
shouts. Soph, (scornfully) — "You blamed 
fool, do you suppose I didn't know that he 
was a Frenchman." — Vassar Lit. 

Two students being examined for entrance 
into a Theological Seminary, were asked the 
following questions : 1st, " Give an account of 
Jezebel's death." 2d, " Describe Elijah's 
translation. The first was answered: "The 
people gathered themselves together and took 
the woman Jezebel and threw her over the 
wall. They threw her over the wall once ; 
they threw her over the wall twice ; three 
times they threw her over the wall ; yea, 
verily, and until seventy times seven times 
did they throw her over the wall. And the 
woman died. Then gathered they of the 
fragments that remained, seven baskets full." 
The second was rendered in this startling 
manner: "Elijah stood on the banks of Jor- 
dan, and lo, and behold — two bears came out 
of the woods, opened their mouths and spake 
unto him saying, ' Go up, bald-head, go up,' 
an' he went up." — Ex. 



O-A-XnT be 

SUCCESSFULLY TREATED 

Without the use of the 
KNIFE OR CAUSTICS 

And without pain. Address, 




208 Chapel St., 

NEW HAVEN, CONN., 

Enclosing twenty-five cents for 

Pamphlet and Postage. 



HOW TO LEARN PHRENOLOGY. 

"THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHRENOLOGY," 737 Broad- 
way, N. Y., (Incorporated by the Legislature of the State), will, during the 
Summer vacation, 1876, instruct a class to accommodate Teachers, Students, 
Ministers, and others. Circulars, giving full explanation, seut by mail, on 
application as above. 




oin 




Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 23, 1876. 



No. 15. 



LOVE SONGS. 



Full many roses in her garden grow, 

And bloom in red and white; 
Sweet as first love the odors from them flow 

To greet the stars of night. 

Beneath the waning moon, lone and unseen, 

As there I last night strayed, 
The stars, peering their cloudy bars between, 

Almost my steps betrayed. 

I heard the happy twitter of a bird. 

Half wakened, as I stept, — ■ 
As if her unfledged nestlings, frighted, stirred, 

But felt her breast, and slept. 

Yet not the roses, nor the stars, nor e'en 
The birds, could fill my heart; 

I dreamed but of the garden's peerless qneeu,- 
Ah, Love! how fair thou art! 



Love's like the eglantine, which bears 
The sweetest rose, 
Whose witching perfume flows 
Ou summer airs. 

Ardent youth longs with eager hand 
To pluck the flower, 
And many a wistful hour 
Will sighing stand. 

Yet if his fortune bring him nigh, 
To pluck the rose, 
Only its thorn he knows, — 
The bloom gone by ! 



This ring I send thee, thrice a thousand years 
Lay buried 'mid the dust of Lybiau kings. 
If it might speak, unto our eager cars 
What strange tales would it tell, of bygone thing 

"Wild, shifting scenes" of mystery and pride,— 
The pomp of monarch* long forgotten now; 
Hut all its tales must seem as naught beside 
The one it brings thee — Love's eternal vow! 



I kiss the rose-bad which you wore, 
Yot know not why I love it so; 
"i'was but a simple (lower before 
It blushed against thy breast of snow. 

Bui since, to such a wortli 'tis grown, 

It is a guerdon most divine; 

Because tin' touch which it has known — 

The breast which it. has pressed — were thine. 



THE INFLUENCE OF POETRY 
ON CHARACTER. 

Poetry may be considered in, at least, two 
distinct lights. In the technical sense it is 
the expression, in metrical words, of feeling 
and imagination. Bat in a broader and more 
general view, poetry is the expression of 
imaginative truth in any form, provided only 
that it be indirect and symbolic. Hence, 
Byron calls the stars the poetry of heaven, 
and a greater than he has said that "The 
heavens speak, and there is no speech or 
language where their voice is not heard." 
And hence again there is poetry in painting, 
and sculpture, and music. Not in that music 
which is mimicry, as when the sounds of 
battle, the clangor of bells, or surf beating 
against a rocky shore, are reproduced; but in 
that in which we can fancy that the hidden 
history of the heart finds its expression, or in 
which a nation's life breathes out an uncon- 
scious utterance, as in those slave songs that 
express long years of oppression in their wild, 
low wail. This generic spirit of poetry has 
been a power in the refinement of the world, 
and is still an acting power. 

Says Carlyle : " The poet is a heroic figure 
belonging to all ages, whom the newest ages 
as the oldest may produce."' There is no 
truth in the idea that poetry belongs to the 
earlier ages, and declines with the advance of 
civilization. There was a time when the 
Trojan war — before Homer sang it — was as 
the conflict of raveni uis beasts ; when Olympus 
and Parnassus, and one more holy, which we 
will pass in reverent silence, were common 
bills: and there may be a time coining when 
they shall be as at first; and because of the 
dying out of past glory, people imagine thai 



170 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



poetry has perished, and cry the decline of 
glory to come. But are all courage and 
enthusiasm gone ? and these are the founda- 
tion of all true poetry. It is an English army 
custom, when the old colors of a regiment are 
worn out, to burn them, and drink the ashes 
in wine in solemn silence, before the conse- 
cration of the new. This is a type of all we 
ask. When old form sand expressions are worn 
out, let them go and give us new symbols to ex- 
press, not what our fathers felt, but what we 
feel. The basis of all poetry is stern necessity. 
True, we find many figures of rhetoric and 
brilliant gleams of imagination that seem to 
spring from nothing deeper than a simple love 
of beauty ; but as the Alpine gentians, grow- 
ing far up on icy clifts above the homes of 
men, find their life only through the ministra- 
tions" of blank, bare, rock masses, that lift 
them nearer to the illimitable sky from which 
they seem to borrow their color, so these 
graces of imagination are dependent on the 
grand earnestness that raises them to a purer 
and clearer atmosphere. 

I have written of the permanence of the 
influence of poetry. Another characteristic 
quite as marked is its universality. We are 
all susceptible to it. Many a man who thinks 
he has no taste for poetry because he does not 
chance to feel it in rhymed words, is no 
stranger to its power. Why is it that in bat- 
tles there is always one spot where sabers 
glitter faster, and shots come thicker; where 
officers and men rally in denser masses? 
They fight for a flag. Take away its poetry 
and it is nothing but a bit of silk, torn with 
shot and blackened with powder; but imagin- 
ation has made it that magic thing, colors. 
Now go with your economic measure of values 
and tell these soldiers they fight for a rag 
that is not worth the labor put forth, and the 
dangers they undergo. Think you, would 
these stern workers find it easier to under- 
stand your common sense or their poetry ? 

But not alone in battle is it that poetry is 



a power. Our ancestors have taught us the 
high courage that lay beneath the smoke of 
battle-fields ; it is for us to show the living 
meaning that may lie beneath the smoke of 
factories, in the heroism of perseverance, in 
the roar of busy streets, and in the quiet pro- 
fessional life of the present. It is for us to 
adopt as ours the peerless motto of that peer- 
less knight, the Black Prince, " Fearing God, 
I serve," and to live a life of glorious service 
to the end. If we needed poets for nothing 
else, it would be for this, that they are grand 
levelers, vindicating our common humanity, 
and reminding us that "for a' that and a' 
that, a man's a man for a' that." 

Poetry has silently done a work for the 
poorer classes of which they are not aware. 
Did Burns teach the aristocracy no sympathy 
with the cares, and loves, and trials, of a 
cotter's life ? And Hood, when he wrote his 
" Bridge of Sighs," did he not find in that 
tragic suicidal death, in which the follower of 
some cold divinity might find only the text 
for a discourse on hell, something of a deeper 
mystery not so flippantly to be solved ? 

And finally, we consider the refining in- 
fluence of poetry in making man more manly ; 
war, chivalry ; and passion, love. Love as a 
principle came into existence only with the 
Christianity of the middle ages. The influ- 
ence of imagination on the earthier feeling can 
be clearly seen in the single instance of Ignatius 
Logola. There seemed nothing profane when 
the ardent soldier transferred his allegiance to 
one who was " neither a countess or a duchess, 
but much more ;" but how would he have shrunk 
from the comparison as blasphemous, had he 
not been exalted by the poetry of Christianity 
to a higher range of thought. And war became 
chivalry guarded by refined courtesy from the 
abuse of superior strength. Some one has 
said that if soldiers were dressed in a butcher's 
garb, war would be seen in its true light as 
butchery. A truism. Take away honor and 
imagination from war and it becomes carnage, 



BOWBOIN ORIENT. 



171 



doubtless ! and take away invisible principles 
from resistance to a tax and our revolutionary 
ancestors are mere rebels. Things become 
noble by association. The iron cross of Prus- 
sia, and the Cross of the Legion of Honor, of 
France, — methinks these things do not place 
their wearers on a level with the hangman. 
The truth, poetry, has reached the mark, while 
common sense has missed it ; through the phy- 
sical honors of warfare it has discerned the 
redeeming nobleness. Peace arising from prin- 
ciple is blessed; but peace from selfishness is 
not blessed. In peace and war, among high and 
low, the universal God-given spirit of poetry 
is working out its results ; not of transient ex- 
citement, but of a spirit of self-sacrifice caught 
from the Master's cross, lifting man toward his 
first estate — a little lower than the angels. 

" Lying," sa}'s Leigh Hunt, " is the com- 
monest and most conventional of all the vices. 
It pervades, more or less, every class of the 
community." Of course we must except the 
college community; it would not do to ac- 
knowledge it among ourselves, although tac- 
itly recognized. Call it b} r some other name, 
if you please ; but don't throw upon us the 
odium of that little word of two syllables. 
Others may tell lies, but here it is simply mak- 
ing excuses. What a hindrance these weak 
bodies of ours are ! It seldom happens that 
we wilfully "cut" a recitation; on the con- 
trary, t he intentiou is g 1 enough, but we are 

takeu sick; (bus the boating man or base-ball 
player, having encroached upon his study time, 
already cul down to the smallest limit, finds 
that he is afflicted with some serious bodily 
ailment which precludes further mental labor. 
Coughs, colds, headaches, weak eyes, indispo- 
sition, and, including every thing else, sick- 
ness, are in turn brought into requisition. It 
would seem thiit the whole bodily constitution 
of the college seems in danger of breaking 
down at any moment. With this state of 
things, it is no wonder that our crew did not 



win at Saratoga last summer. Here is, how- 
ever, a good opportunity to obtain a knowledge 
of the various "ills that flesh is heir to." 

We have often heard students who pride 
themselves on never presenting a sham excuse, 
complain that they often suffer for it, while 
others escape. They do not hesitate to call 
these excuses by their proper names ; they are 
liesand nothing less. "■Suppose," say they, "we 
have a leave of absence extending to Monday 
morning, but are so unfortunate as to miss 
the early train, and thus are absent from the 
morning recitations ; if we state simply the 
facts, it is probable that the excuse will be 
rejected ; but if business is put forth as the 
reason, it is often accepted. Does not this 
look like putting a premium on dishonesty ? " 
These cases do sometimes happen, we know, 
and we fail to see how the trouble can be 
remedied. If anybody stays bej^ond their 
time, there is nothing unfair in their being 
obliged to take their marks; otherwise we are 
afraid that a great many trains would be 
missed. And it appears to be going altogether 
too far to say that accepting one of the other 
class is countenancing dishonest}'. If a man 
squarely says that he was necessarily detained, 
there seems to be nothing more to be said ; 
the officer of course does not wish to doubt 
his word. The same applies to all other sham 
excuses. It seems to us that some power to alter 
this is with those very ones who think them- 
selves ill used. There is a tendency to throw 
the blame of every evil in one direction : to 
think that the student himself can do noth- 
ing. Now if in this very matter anybody who 
will not increase the evil himself, will also 
refuse to countenance it in others, perhaps it 
would do some good; that it would wholly 
obviate the e\il cannot be expected, nor do 

we think that the strictest medical supervision 
would do it: lint at least such persons would 
he acting consistently throughout, and the 
practice would cease to he regarded as a mat- 
ter of course and he somewhat restrained. 



172 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE TEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class oe 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libbt, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



receive them, but will not promise to reward 
the donator with an office. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 15.— Eebruaet 23, 1876. 

Love Songs 169 

The Influence of Poetry on Character 169 

Editorial Notes 172 

Local 176 

Alumni Notes 178 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



It is nearly time to select the new board 
of Orient editors. If any member of '77 
has any advice to offer, let him now come 
forth and give it, or forever hold his peace. 
We shall select a board which is, according to 
our judgment, constituted of the best men for 
the place. If any one has aught to say against 
such a mode of proceeding, let him make him- 
self heard. The help of all is requested; but 
temper your advice with common sense, and 
do not allow your prejudices to influence you. 

We have received no bribes ; no presents 
have been surreptitiously forced upon us. If 
any have presents to offer, we shall be glafl to 



The second lecture of the Memorial Hall 
Course was delivered Thursday evening, Feb. 
10th, by Prof. J. B. Sewall. Of this lecture 
it is sufficient to say that it fully sustained 
Prof. Sewall's high reputation as a thinker 
and writer. His subject, " The Legacy of 
Ancient Greece to Modern America," was 
treated in a manner at once entertaining and 
instructive. He succeeded in showing con- 
clusively that whatever is of value in our 
modern civilization finds its prototype in the 
ancient; that the art and scholarship of 
Greece are closely followed hj the artists and 
scholars of America. He traced also the 
fragments of the Greek language that exist 
in our own, and showed them to be in no way 
the exclusive property of literary men, but to 
be used alike by the illiterate and the highly 
educated. In closing, he spoke of the debt 
owed by America to the warriors of Greece ; 
of the different history of the world, had 
Marathon and Salamis resulted differently ; 
and described briefly and eloquently the fight 
at Thermopylae, and the valor of Leonidas 
and his three hundred Spartan followers. 



The Medical Term commenced Thursday, 
Feb. 17th, with the opening lecture by Dr. 
John D. Lincoln. A brief resume of this lec- 
ture may not be uninteresting. 

The speaker commenced with a pleasantly 
written account of the state of medical sci- 
ence in the then District of Maine, enlivened 
by amusing anecdotes of the physicians of the 
time, "who waged unceasing and unsuccess- 
ful war with the liver," and their pupils, who, 
"after three months' study, were ready to at- 
tack the most difficult cases with the greatest 
sang froid." 

He then proceeded to speak of the foun- 
dation of the Maine Medical School, and to 
follow its history year by year to the present 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



173 



time. His description of the Medical rooms 
in old Massachusetts Hall, and the professors 
who made them famous, was of great interest 
to those interested in the early history of the 
College in its various departments. In his 
remarks on Prof. Cleaveland, who stood so 
long at his post in this Eastern College, refus- 
ing more remunerative positions which his 
world-wide fame rendered accessible to him, — 
and whose name is so closely connected with 
the honor and reputation of Bowdoin in the 
past, — the lecturer was particularly happy. 
He had known him as an instructor, and paid 
a glowing tribute to his ability as a scholar 
and teacher, and the quiet Christian courtesy 
that was his characteristic. 

A few remarks addressed particularly to 
the Medical Class, on the responsibilities and 
duties of the profession, closed a lecture well 
received by the whole audience. 



The AtheiiEean Society was founded in 
1808, its elder sister, the Peucinian, dating 
back to 1805. The constitution of the latter 
did not allow the admission of Freshmen into 
the society, and the constitution of the Athe- 
nian took advantage of the fact by extending 
the privilege of membership to all the four 
classes. A temporary advantage was thus 
gained, — the number of members soon exceed- 
ing that of the Peucinian, and the foundation 
of a library being laid. The constitution of 
the Peucinian was now amended to allow 
the admission of Freshmen ; this society also 
began to collect a library, established the cus- 
tom of annual meetings at Commencement, 
and in various ways increased the aims and 
influence of the society . 

The Atheinean felt the influence of its 
rival, and gradually languished. In 1811, the 
society was discontinued, the books being dis- 
tributed among the members. In the follow- 
ing October, the Peucinian constitution was 
restored to its original reading, by which mem- 
bership was restricted to the three upper classes. 



In 1813, the Athenaean was revived. The 
old seal and book of records were obtained, 
the accumulation of a new library begun, and 
the society seemed more firmly established 
than ever before. The prestige of the Peu- 
cinian, however, and its unbroken prosper- 
ity, once more drove its rival from the field. 
In 1816, the Athenaean was a second time 
divided ; its library, of about two hundred 
volumes, being divided as before. But if 
AtheiiEean had no great tenacity of life, it 
had a phcenix-like power of resurrection ; and 
in December, 1817, it once more arose from 
its ashes. It had four members, who divided 
among themselves the offices of President, 
Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, and 
Librarian. The old constitution was adopted 
and revised, a formal protest being prefixed 
that the society was not organized for the pur- 
pose of interfering with any society in college. 

In August, 1818, the first measures were 
taken towards the organization of the Gen- 
eral Society, by a vote calling a meeting of 
honorary and acting members, on the clay 
previous to Commencement, " for the purpose 
of adopting measures relative to the property 
of the society." 

This meeting was held Sept. 2, when Levi 
Stowell, '15, was chosen President, and C. R. 
Porter, '16, Corresponding Secretary. A vote 
was passed, prohibiting the distribution of the 
library without the consent of three-fourths 
of the honorary members. 

In the Historical Sketch published in the 
Athenian Catalogue of 1853, from which we 
derive much of our information, the following 
paragraph occurs in this connection : "The 
society, in their strong and ardent desire to 
increase their numbers, determined that there 
would be no impropriety, after exacting a 
promise of secrecy, in reading to those whom 
they invited to join them, such provisions of 
the constitution as were most important, in 
order to induce them to become members. 

. . . Three individuals were thus intro- 



174 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



duced, of whom one only chose to join ; and 
he was initiated the same evening. The other 
two required a few days for consideration. 
One of them afterward became a member in 
1821, '■after three years of deep consideration 
of the matter,'' to quote the language of that 
date." 

In 1820, the General Society began to act 
as a distinct body, having officers of its own 
separate from the Acting Society. " It as- 
sumed the election of Honoraiy Members, 
and the appointment of Orator and Poet 
for the annual meetings on Commencement 
Week." 

At 3 p.m., on the 4th of March, 1822, 
Maine Hall, then called New College, was 
destro}'ed by fire. The libraiy of the Society 
was much injured. " This event," says the 
sketch above quoted, " was most mournfully 
described by the Secretary of the College 
Society, who, in the sorrow of his heart, 
recorded that '■Boivdoin College ' was con- 
sumed b}' fire." 

In 1825, the General Society voted that 
the library be given in trust to the trustees of 
the college, the library to be used and regu- 
lated by the by-laws of the society. 

In 1828, the society obtained an Act of 
Incorporation from the Legislature, and this 
trust was withdrawn. The society were em- 
powered by this Act " to hold and possess 
any estate, real or personal, to an amount not 
exceeding five thousand dollars over and 
above the value of their books." In the 
same year the constitution was revised, and a 
diploma and seal adopted. 

In 1830, a catalogue of the library was 
published ; the number of volumes being two 
thousand two hundred and thirty-eight. 

The rivalry between the AthenEean and 
Peucinian had been constantly upon the in- 
crease, and at the annual meeting in 1831, 
the Trustees and Overseers chose a committee 
to consider and report " whether any regula- 
tions are necessary to be adopted relative to 



the two societies, now existing in college ; and 
if so, to recommend such measures as in their 
judgment may be most conducive to the har- 
mony of the students, and the best interests 
of the college." 

The following year the committee reported 
" that in October last they visited this town, 
and had a personal interview with all four of 
the classes in a body ; and the next day with 
committees of the Peucinian and Atheiuean 
Societies." The committee " used all such 
arguments as they deemed proper, of a per- 
suasive and conciliatory character, to induce 
them to lay aside all party feeling, and culti- 
vate harmony and friendship. They urged 
them to unite the societies, . . . . or to 
unite their libraries, either as to property or 
possession, or to make no farther additions to 
either society by the election of new members, 
and thus permit them to become extinct in 
college, . . .in September, 1835." They 
were, however, the report continues, "notified 
formally that none of these propositions were 
acceptable, and that the societies remain as 
before. . . . The boards will decide for 
themselves whether a spirit of accommodation 
has not been carried as far as is consistent 
with the relation between the government of 
the college and the students." In this report 
there is expression of an old but perfectly 
useless endeavor to limit and direct student 
reading and thought. " These libraries," the 
report proceeds, " are valuable and considera- 
bly extensive, and of course they tend to 
diminish the .... influence of the col- 
lege library. The members of the societies 

. read principally their own books, . 
selected by the societies without consulting 
the college government; and thus the char- 
acter of the books has not its sanction." In 
consequence of this report the Trustees voted 
to petition the Legislature to repeal the Act 
of Incorporation of the Athena3an Society. 
The Peucinian, being unincorporated, was 
already under the jurisdiction of 'the Boards. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



175 



The Overseers objected to the proposed 
measure, and the matter was finally dropped. 

" At 2 a.m., to-day," writes Prof. Cleave- 
land, in his journal for Feb. 17,1836, "Maine 
Hall was burned. The thermometer stood at 
twelve degrees below zero." 

Out of three thousand two hundred and 
twenty-one volumes, only two hundred and 
twenty were saved. 

In the oldest existing record book of the 
Athenasan, the first entry, which is in the 
handwriting of Gov. J. A. Andrew ('37), 
bears the date of Feb. 17, 1836, and begins 
as follows : — 

" The constitution and records of the 
Athenian Society having been destroyed by 
the conflagration of this morning, said society 
was convened in Randall's ['36] room, to take 

measures for a reorganization It 

was voted that a committee be raised to cor- 
respond with the Hon'y Members, and ask 
them to remember us in our losses." 

Among the papers of the society is a let- 
ter from Hon. P. W. Chandler, as Secretary 
at a meeting of the Athenians of Bangor 
and vicinity, expressing sympathy and prom- 
ising aid. Like communications came from 
other quarters. At the reported suggestions 
of Hon. Jonathan Cilley, "2."), it was voted to 
request aid from the Legislature ; but the 
vote was reconsidered. At this time occurs 
the first instance recorded of the use of the 
Peuciuian hook's, in a vote of thanks to that 
society for the favor. 

Strenuous efforts were made to replace 
the library, and in 1838 the Acting Society 
published a catalogue show ing the number of 
books to be over two thousand. In 1840 the 
Anniversary was transferred from November 
to February, and was afterwards celebrated' in 
the Spring. In 1841 a reading-room was 
established, bul only continued in operation 
fur about a \ ear. 

In L850 the Caluvian Society, then com- 
posed exclusively of Athensean members, 



presented its cabinet and other property to 
the Athenian. In the same year the two 
rival societies entered into an agreement to 
unite in the celebration of their anniversaries, 
furnishing the Orator and Poet on alternate 
years. In 1847, and again in 1852, the con- 
stitution was revised. At the latter the date 
of the society's establishment was changed 
from 1817 to 1808 — the date of the founding 
of the original society : the affirmation of se- 
cresy was also abolished. 

The most serious internal trouble of Ath- 
enasan arose in May, 1855. It is first shown 
in the records under the date of May 18, 
when a debate arose concerning the correct- 
ness of the record of an amendment to the 
constitution, acted upon May 11. We have 
not space here to enter into the details of this 
disagreement, which continued for about a 
year. The society was divided into two par- 
ties, each supported by prominent members 
of the General Society. Hon. Wm. P. Fes- 
senden, and Judges Howard, Sheply, and 
Tenny were appealed to, and gave diverse 
opinions. In May, 1856, there is the follow- 
ing entry : — 

" The committee chosen to examine 
the records made during the chaotic state of 
the society . . have the unpleasant duty 
to perform, of stating that the men who were 
the leaders of l he opposing parties persisted 
in maintaining their own board of officers, 
. . . and held meetings separately. . . . 
Both parties became heartily tired of such 
proceedings, and . . . delegates from each 
party met and agreed upon a ticket. . . 
At the next meeting of the two branches of the 

society. ;dl the officers resigned, and adjourned 

lo meet together. . . . The hoard of officers 
agreed upon was elected, and from thai time 
things went on smoothly." The entry goes 
on io state thai the committee deemed ii best 

to destroy the records of both factions: and 

ends with the pious hope that the leaves pasted 

together iii pursuance with this resolve, "may 



176 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



be ' mounmenturn ceve perennius ' — a monument 
erected to folly and uudue prosecution of par- 
tisan interests." In later years, the societjr 
has sunk into neglect and contempt, until 
nothing remains but a name and a library. 
Among its papers, there are a number of 
interesting autographs in the shape of accept- 
ance of election to membership, letters, etc. 
As we rummaged among the old and disor- 
dered papers to-day, we brought to light 
autograph signatures of Jonathan Cilley, 
Horatio Bridges, Wm. Pitt Fessenden, Frank- 
lin Pierce, Cyrus A. Bartol, Parker Cleave- 
land, etc. Among the acceptances of '25, 
should have been Hawthorne's, but it had 
doubtless fallen into the hands of some re- 
morseless collector. The society once pos- 
sessed a valuable collection of autographs, 
among which were letters of Charles Lamb; 
but they have all disappeared. 

At the last Commencement, the Peucinian 
Societj 7 — very sensibly, it seems to us — voted 
their library into the hands of the College 
authorities. It is much to be lamented that 
the Athensean Society did not follow the ex- 
ample. 

The societies being both practically dead, 
it is quite useless to expect the librarians to 
keep the libraries in order on their own re- 
sponsibility. The present librarians are an 
efficient board, we believe, but they have 
neither power nor authority to reform abuses. 
Books of both libraries are indiscriminately 
carried to the Athensean rooms, and gaps in 
the shelves of the Peucinian are to be ac- 
counted for by the confused heap of books on 
one of the Athensean tables. 

Many books are returned much injured, or 
are not returned at all. Many books may be 
described as "lost, strayed, or stolen"; and 
the evil is still going on. Going into the li- 
brary the other day, we noticed that some one 
had wittily affixed to a half- emptied case a 
sign reading: "Only 25 left; 75 cts. each." 
Another case, in which stood one solitary and 



ragged volume, was carefully protected by the 
usual placard: "Do not touch the books." 
Something must be done, and done at 
once, if any part of the library is to be pre- 
served in available shape. The only sensible 
thing seems to be the giving the library out- 
right to the College. The books should then 
be sorted and catalogued; and although it 
would be an undertaking involving consider- 
able labor, the present utilit} r and future pres- 
ervation of the books absolutely demand it. 



LOCAL. 

Nice weather, this. 

How about that company ? 

Needless labor — to pare pears. 

Chess still commands considerable atten- 
tion. 

The far-famed " Mac " of '76 has been in 
town. 

W. H. Moulton, '74, has been in town a 
few days. 

Written examinations are becoming more 
and more popular. 

There is talk of Miss Cary for the Com- 
mencement Concert. 

A Dancing School has been started and 
promises to be successful. 

Any one having a book in the class will 
deserve an "aught mark." 

A peddler round college, the other day, 
wanted to know if " the phi/sic 'uns had come 
yet." 

" The Party " in Topsham, the other even- 
ing, was a very pleasant affair, despite the 
raging of the elements. 

We are pleased to see H. H. Smith, for- 
merly of '77, back again. He is to pursue 
the course in the Medical School. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



177 



Advice to umbrella thieves : Do not al- 
ways judge by appearances. Your sins are 
likely to fall on your own heads. 

The Seniors are fortunate (?) enough to be 
required to attend Chemical Lectures with the 
"Modocs" for the remainder of the term. 

The members of the Senior class who were 
in Boston at the time of the last meeting of 
the Boston Alumni, were honored with an in- 
vitation to the dinner. 

" Meet me at the Parker House. I'm 
coming up to have my picture taken." Quota- 
tion from twelve postal cards, dropped one 
week into the mail box. 

Students will remember that the present 
volume of The Orient is nearly completed 
and will accordingly hand in their subscrip- 
tions to-morrow. Do not delay. 

Thirty-nine copies of The Orient are 
taken by the class of '7fi, 42 by the class of 
'77, 11 by the class of '78, and 16 by the class 
of '70. Chance for improvement. 

The following are the appointments in the 
Senior class for the exhibition at the close of 
the term: Morrill, Salutatorian ; Hawes, Hill, 
Marrett, Payson, Sabine, and Si evens. 

Most of the pedagogues have returned to 
college. Making up back lessons is the pun- 
ishment which awaits them, and we believe 
that it is about as hard a penalty as could be 
devised. 

Scene, the Picture Gallery : Junior, show- 
ing the picture of Cleopatra to Orono Student, 
o. S.— "'Tain't likely 't would kill her. The 
snakes round here aint pisen." Jim. — " Yes, 
it killed her." O. S. — "Show! What 'd she 
do it for? Experiment? '' 

The Freshman class has already subscribed 
one hundred and twenty-five dollars towards 
a new class boat. They have a number of 
men practising in the gymnasium, under Capt. 



Pennell, and if successful in raising money 
will enter the class regatta in the spring. 

From a letter written Dee. 21, 1875, from 
Calcutta, to one of the College Professors, we 
learn that Major Sanger returns from Cash- 
mere to Bombay, and sails about Feb. 20 for 
Bagdad. Going through Persia and Turkey, 
he reaches Constantinople about the middle 
of May. 

During the late gale, some loose bricks 
from a chimney on the south end of Maine 
Hall were blown from their places, but for- 
tunately no one was injured. The tops of the 
chimneys on all the buildings are quite loose, 
and are liable to fall and inflict serious injury 
some day, unless active measures are adopted 
to prevent. 

There was a very enjoyable social at Ton- 
tine Hall last Friday evening, under the auspi- 
ces of our friend from the capital. Much 
credit is due any one who will push through 
an undertaking of this character, inasmuch as 
the dancers of college are very "few and far 
between," and nearly the whole force is neces- 
sary to ensure financial success. 

The medical class numbers thus far about 
seventy-five, among which are a number of 
College graduates, and many who have at- 
tended former courses both here and at other 
schools. Lowell, '71: Stanwood, Virgin, and 
A. S. Whitmore, 75; Don-, formerly of "To; 
and Smith, formerly of '77. — are those of the 
class who have been in College. 

The men who ate practicing in the gym- 
nasium under Prov.-( apt. Payson, are Pratt, 
Marrett, Crocker, Hargraves, and Burleigh. 

It is by no means certain that these are the 
men who will form the university crew, should 
one be sent on to the next regatta, bul the 
greater pari of the crew is likely to be taken 
from them. They have been practicing to- 
gether tor aboul two weeks. 



178 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The " reporters " were out in full force, 
during the meetings of the Agricultural Board, 
and the arduous duties so affected the length 
of the body that he has been unable to attend 
to his college duties since. We believe the 
trouble struck to his head, or stomach — don't 
know exactly which. Success to him, and 
may he soon return, to cause the campus to 
resound with his " harmonious discord." 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

'10. — Rev. Robt. Page died at West Farm- 
ington, Ohio, Jan. 13, 1876, aged 86 years. 
He graduated with the first part in his class ; 
studied theology at Andover, and graduated 
in 1815 ; preached the gospel in Maine, New 
Hampshire, Vermont, and Nebraska. 

'56. — I. D. Balch, in the Custom House, 
New York. 

Rev. R. B. Howard is in New York, Editor 
of the Advance. 

Thomas Leavitt, Exeter, (?) N. H. 

Prentiss Loring, Insurance business, firm 
of Rollins, Loring, and Adams, Portland, Me. 

Enos T. Luce, Attorney at Law, Room 14, 
Old State House, Boston, Mass. 

W. L. Melcher, Laconia, N. H. 

G. C. Moses, Agent of Woroumbo Manu- 
facturing Co., Lisbon, Me. Address, Bath, Me. 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, clergyman, settled 
in Ipswich, Mass. 

Rev. Edwin P. Parker, clergyman, settled 
in Hartford, Conn. 

Moses M. Robinson, Attorney at Law, New 
York City. 

Edwin B. Smith is First Assistant U. S. 
Attorney General, Washington, D. C. 

J. Y. Stanton, Professor of Greek and 
Latin languages, Bates College, Lewiston, Me. 

Geo. R. Williamson, Boston, Mass. 



Geo. C. Yeaton, Attorney at Law, South 
Berwick, Me. 

The annual meeting of the Alumni of Bos- 
ton and vicinity, was held at the Parker House 
on Wednesday evening, Feb. 9. About fifty 
graduates were present. Among the speakers 
of the occasion were Pres. Chamberlain, Profs. 
Packard, Chapman, and Young, Mr. H. W. 
Fuller, '28, Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, and Rev. Dr. 
E. B. Webb. The following officers were 
chosen for the ensuing year : President, John 
C. Dodge ; Vice President, Henry W. Fuller; 
Secretaries, D. C. Linscott and T. J. Emery ; 
Executive Committee, John C. Dodge, Cyrus 
Woodman, Geo. Marrett, Geo. Gannett, Thos. 
S. Harlow, Jas. R. Osgood, and A. Eastman. 



A studious Freshman wishing to keep his 
numerous friends out of his room one evening, 
wrote the following notice and pinned it on 
the outside of his door : " Not every one that 
sayeth ' Lord ! Lord ! ' shall enter into the 
kingdom of Freshmen. Ask and ye shall not 
get in. Knock and it shall not be opened 
unto you." — Cornell Era. 

"A deputation from Harvard College 
waited upon Mr. Samuel L. Powers, Secre- 
tary of the Boston Free Trade Club, recently, 
and expressed a desire to be allowed to com- 
pete for the prizes to be given by the club, 
for the best essays on 'The Simplicitity of 
Free Trade, and the Intricacies of a Protec- 
tive Tariff,' as well as upon the currency 
question — 'How to resume specie pa3mients, 
with the least possible disturbance to the bus- 
iness of the country.'" — Post. 




SUCCFSSFULLY TREATED 

Without the use of the 
KNIFE OR CAUSTICS 

And without pain. Address, 
33jf. -a.. H. Brown, 

208 CiiApni. St., 

NEW HAVEN, CONN., 

Enclosing twenty-live cents for 

Pamphlet and Postage. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MARCH 8, 1876. 



PENTAMETERS. 



The darkest night may bring the brightest clay ; 
The fairest flowers longest their bloom delay; 
The truest friend is he who answers " nay." 



No. 16. 



The maiden's " nay " — 

We count it "yea," 
And do not hope resign ; 

Then for each his own — 

To him only known — 
While we pledge in sparkling wine ! 



In holiest cause the truest hearts are slain ; 
The deepest lore is won by toilsome gain ; 
The noblest thoughts are bom in sorest paiu. 



Toward wished-for nights, how slowly days decline! 

The fondest love is last to give a sigu, — 

As tedious years must mellow richest wine. 



The meed of patient lives full oft comes late; 
And thus for greatest good we longest wait. 
They waste their lives, who pause to chide at fate. 



DRINKING SONG. 



In maiden's eyes 
What glory lies ! 

What luring looks divine! 
Then a bumper fill, 
And. witli hearty will. 

Pledge the maid in sparkling 



Prom maiden's lip 
Wo nectar sip, 
lie the maiden thine or mini- ; 
Then we'll iill the glass, 

And the toast shall pass, — 

Pledge the maid in sparkling win.'' 



The maiden's glance 
Invites advance, 
Which the maiden's words decline; 

Then in love be bold, 

Ere the glance grows mid. 

Drinking hliss like sparkling wine! 



WILLIAM II. PRESCOTT. 

It would be difficult to find a better exam- 
ple of continued industry and indomitable 
perseverance under the most adverse circum- 
stances, than was exhibited in the life of 
William H. Prescotfc. Suffering from early 
manhood with that severest of all afflictions 
to a man of literary pursuits — the loss of 
sight — lie has } r et made for himself a fame, 
and given his name a place among the proud- 
est in the world of letters. In his youth, and 
even fur several years after he had left col- 
lege, he seems to have made only an average 
appearance, exhibiting no signs of that genius 
which afterwards made him so eminent. In 
his preparatory studies, and in his college 
course, he seems fco have been no more fond 
of study than the average student, and was 
as read}' to avail himself of any excuse to 
lighten bis labors, as any of his associates. It 
is especially noticeable in bis preparatory 
Studies thai bo never undertook anything 
thai was not absolutely essential for admission 
to college. He prepared his tasks well, but 
careful not to go beyond the amount re- 
quired, fearing that more would be demanded. 
In college it was the same. I le bad no ambi- 
tion for a high rank as a scholar. He was 
not willing to be anion 1 ,; the lowest in his 
elass.it is true: for he considered a certain 
amount of rank essential to the charater of a 



182 



BOWDOW ORIENT. 



cultivated gentleman, which character seems 
to have been the highest aim of his ambition 
at that period. It was in his Junior year that 
he met with the accident which entirety de- 
stroyed one of his eyes, and was the cause of 
depriving him of the use of the other for the 
most part during his whole after life. A few 
weeks after the injury, he had so far recov- 
ered as to return to his studies and com- 
plete his college course. He seems to have 
returned with new views of life. He now 
applied himself with more diligence than he 
had hitherto shown, and seems to have been 
ambitious for a higher stand in his class than 
he had before attained. To some extent he 
obtained the object of his ambition, and grad- 
uated with considerable honor. It had long 
been his intention to make the law his pro- 
fession, and he now entered the office of his 
father as a law student. But he appears to 
have been more occupied with literature and 
the classics than with his law books. He 
desired to lay a broad and firm foundation in 
accordance with that trait of thoroughness in 
his character which was the chief element of 
his success. He remained in the office some 
four or five months, when the trouble with 
his only remaining eye began, which ended 
only with his life, and which determined what 
his career should be. The next few years of 
his life were spent in seeking relief from his 
infirmity. He visited Europe with that ob- 
ject, but without success. Traveling in gen- 
eral, and especially sea-traveling, he deemed to 
be injurious rather than beneficial. He there- 
fore returned home, and reluctantly came to 
the conclusion that he must give up the study 
of the law, and devote himself to some pur- 
suit which would allow of a life of retire- 
ment, and in which he could make use of other 
eyes than his own. He determined upon the 
career of an author. As before, his first 
efforts were to lay a ground-work. This he 
did in an astonishingly thorough manner, 
when we consider the difficulties under which 



he labored, going through with a mass of 
reading that would have wearied the strong- 
est e} r es, including the mastery of the Spanish 
language. After many delays from the con- 
dition of his eyes, and much indecision as to 
what his subject should be, he finally fixed 
upon a " History of Ferdinand and Isabella," 
of Spain ; and his choice was truly propitious, 
as it was afterwards proved. He now went 
to work in earnest, having ordered a large 
quantity of books and manuscripts from Spain, 
and employing a reader five or six hours every 
day. It was ten years before the work was 
ready for the press. Through all these years 
he labored as industriously as his infirmities 
would permit. A portion of the time he was 
unable to use his eyes at all; and much of the 
time when he was allowed to use them, he 
was obliged to divide the time into five-min- 
ute' periods of use, with half-hour intervals 
of rest between. At this halting pace he con- 
tinued perseveringly at his work, and at last 
his efforts were crowned with success, such as 
is granted to few authors. His- next work 
was "The Conquest of Mexico." This was 
followed by " The Conquest of Peru," and 
afterwards by " The History of Philip the 
Second," all prepared in the same slow and 
laborious manner as the History of Ferdinand 
and Isabella. These were his principal works. 
They fill eleven royal octavo volumes. Be- 
sides these, he published a volume of Miscel- 
lanies, and edited Robertson's Charles V. 
From time to time, also, he contributed to the 
North American Review, besides doing con- 
siderable other miscellaneous writing. When 
we consider the character of his works, and 
the fact that his investigations had to be made 
in several foreign languages, the amount of 
work involved seems almost appalling, oven 
to one in the full possession of all his facul- 
ties. But when we consider that all this was 
undertaken, and carried through so success- 
fully, by one deprived of the use of his sight, 
it seems almost incredible. Few men, meet- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



1S3 



ing with such a calamity so early in life, and 
situated as Prescotfc was, without the neces- 
sity of doing anything for a livelihood, would 
have undertaken any serious employment ; 
much less an undertaking of so much magni- 
tude, and involving so many difficulties, as 
the compilation of a history from foreign lan- 
guages. And, indeed, such an excuse might 
well appear a valid one, and would be deemed 
sufficient in the eyes of the world to ex- 
cuse a man from such an undertaking. But 
Prescott did not look upon the matter in that 
light, lie early round that the key to happi- 
ness was in a steady and engrossing employ- 
ment, lie could not be contented to sit with 
folded hands. He must work if he would be 
happy : and never was he so happy as when 
most deeply engaged in his work. He was 
actuated not only by that satisfaction which 
every one feels in doing his duty, but also by 
a true and noble ambition — the desire to ben- 
eli! his fellow-men, and acquire a fame and a 
lasting name. Through all these years of 
suffering and delay in his work, even when 
confined I'm- months at a time in a room so 
dark that objects could not be distinguished, 
and when there was very little hope that he 
would ever be able to see again, he main- 
tained the same pleasantness of manner and 
evenness of disposition which characterized 
his most prosperous moments. In the dark- 
est hours, when his friends had lust all hope 
fur him, instead of being lie- comforted one, 
he acted as their comforter. He always had 
;i pleasanl greeting ready for them when they 
entered his room, however great the pain he 
might be in, or however dark the prospect 
before him. In this respect, he trulj exhib- 
ited ii rentarl able character, and a self-con- 
trol t liai w as really \i onderful. [ndeed, his 
whole life was remarkable, and shows what 
may be accomplished by a determined will. 



The Alpha Delta Phi eating club has left 
its boarding place. 



In the year of our Lord 1826, three Bow- 
doin College students were out on a lark up 
the river road, to Durham, which town in 
those days was noted for venerable specimens 
of the William Penn persuasion. It so hap- 
pened that tic students saw coming along one 
of those gentlemen, and they said one to the 
other, We will have a little sport with Broad- 
brim. So when he came jogging along in his 
staid and sober way, one of the students hailed 
him with, "How does thee do, Father Abra- 
ham?" and another says, " How fares thee, 
Father Isaac?"' and the third salutes him 
with, " How art thou, Father Jacob?*' and 
the venerable old Quaker replies: '-I am 
neither Abraham, Isaac, nor Jacob; but I am 
Saul, the son of Kish, and am seeking for my 
father's asses, — and behold, here are three of 
them." 

When we see the flag-man rush out from 
his comfortable quarters, and wave his flag 
frantically, after the train has safely passed 
the crossing, it gives us renewed confidence 
in the regard which railroad corporations man- 
ifest fur the public safety. But we do nol P i I 
able to state whether this action is intended 
to denote the joy which exists in the heart of 
the flag-man, or onlj to show that the way is 
(dear for future accidents. 

The Delta Kappa Epsilon and Theta Delta 
Chi delegations from the Senior da<s. have 
both been tu Boston iii a body, for the pur- 
pose of having a delegation picture tak< 
the same time 1 that they sit for single pictures. 

.Mr. ( '. D. Jameson w a- one of i he gentle- 
men w ho \\ ere called upon for speeches, at 
the last dinner of tic Bangor Alumni. 

•• ( 'ha renal extensively manufactured l>\ an 
original and startling process;" for further 

particulars call at 23 A. II. 

A Sophomore, n ho ought to know, 
that Freshman "cheek" is usually free from 

any b( e la( r )d tendency. 



184 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms — $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Denni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 16.— March 8, 1876. 

Pentameters 181 

Drinking Song 181 

William H. Prescott 181 

Editorial Notes 184 

Local 188 

Alumni Notes 189 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



The lecture by Prof. Bert. Wilder, which 
was the fourth in the Memorial Hall course, 
was delivered Thursday evening, Feb. 24th. 
His subject was " Spiders and Geometry." A 
description of several of the more common 
species was given, with elaborate sketches, on 
the blackboard, of their webs. 

In spite of a tendency on the part of the 
speaker to. drawl occasionally, the lecture was 
listened to with interest throughout. 



The fifth evening of the Memorial Hall 
Course was occupied by Hon. W. W. Thomas 



of Portland, who took his auditors with him 
on "A Ramble in Norway." Mr. Thomas was 
for several years U. S. Consul to Sweden, 
and his familiarity with the wild northern 
land of which he spoke, was evident; and 
that his effort was appreciated by the audience 
was signified throughout. The speaker's 
descriptions were, in the main, very good, 
although at times marred by a too evident 
straining for rhetorical effect. He has an 
agreeable voice and manner, and told his story 
with pleasant effect. On the whole, this lect- 
ure partook more of the character of a popu- 
lar lyceum lecture than any that had preceded 
it, and as such commended itself to a large 
part of the audience. 



The materials for a history of the Peucin- 
ian Society are, in some respects, meager and 
scattered. Only a few leaves remain of the 
first volume of its records, and many of its 
papers have been lost or destroyed. In 1817, 
however, Benjamin Randall, '09, chairman of 
the general committee, in his report at the 
annual meeting of the General Society, gave 
a brief sketch of the early history of the 
fraternity. He was followed, in 1832, by 
Cyrus Hamlin, '34, afterwards President of 
the American College at Constantinople. He, 
in an address delivered at the anniversary 
exercises of the College Society, in November 
of that year, brought the history down to his 
own time. From these sources, and from the 
later records and papers, we have collected a 
few facts, which Ave give as far as our limits 
will allow, — hoping they may be of service to 
the historian who we trust will rise up to 
preserve from oblivion the earlier history of 
our college societies. 

In 1805, three years after the College went 
into active operation, a few students in the 
Junior and Sophomore classes formed them- 
selves into a society, which they named the 
Philomathean. Its objects, as set forth in the 
preamble to the constitution, were "to favor 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



185 



a more perfect union, to promote literature 
and friendship, and realize the benefits result- 
ing from social intercourse." The exercises 
consisted in written essays, forensics, etc., and 
in debates. There are few details to be found 
of the workings of the young organization, 
but it is on record that at a meeting held Oct. 
28th, 1806, it was 

" Resolved, to celebrate the approaching 
anniversary hy a festive agglomeration of 
social atoms over materials of bliss. On the 
report of a Committee of Arrangements, a 
dinner was ordered to [be] provided for the 
22d of Nov., 1806, to be preceded by an 
address from the President, and succeeded by 
an oration from one of the members." 

Nothing is specified as to the nature or 
effects of " materials of bliss," and we learn 
little more of the society until 1807, when it 
was re-organized. The committee appointed 
to revise the constitution, recommended that 
the name be changed to Peucinian. Their 
suggestion was at first rejected, and a second 
report was prepared by C. S. Davies, '07, in 
its support. The report is worthy, from its 
wit, to be printed entire, did our space allow. 
After comparing this troublous re-naming to 
the christening of Tristram Shandy, and 
quoting Uncle Toby's remarks to Corporal 
Trim upon that occasion ; and after likening 
the situation of the committee to that of 
Dante when he wished to introduce Trajan 
into heaven in spite of the prejudices of the 
time, the report proceeds : — 

" Your committer did find in you a certain 
fastidious aversion and shuddering horror to 
the term ' Peucinian,' on account of the allu- 
sion it contained. This, with your commit- 
tee, appeared the greatest beauty it had, not 
even excepting the Grecian softness and rich- 
ness and sweet cadences of its syllables. The 
origin nf all generic names, and names ul' 
places, were derived from some peculiar cir- 
cumstance about them. -. . . Besides this, all 
academies of note have had some particular 



ornament of this kind for their exhibition 
poetiy, — -Cambridge, in England, has its wil- 
lows, Oxford its osiers, and we have our 
pines. . . . Every literary society can be a 
Philomathean, . . . but every society cannot 
be a Peucinian society, nor has there been 
one." 

The committee supported its ground with 
so much spirit that the name Peucinian was 
unanimously adopted. A form for the initia- 
tion of new members was drawn up, in which 
a pine branch was held by the members and 
the candidates while the latter took the affir- 
mation of good conduct, co-operation, and 
secrecy. 

In 1808, to use the language of the report 
of 1817, "one of the considerable members 
became dissatisfied. . . . Taking with him 
one or two others, [he] seceded, and unit- 
ing with those of the three higher classes 
from whom our number had been selected, 
and the entire Freshman class save one, from 
which no elections had yet been made, 
formed a society expressly in opposition to 

the Peucinian The Peucinian Society, 

however, was never so far subjected to the 
effects of these deleterious passions as to 
notice the rival society in any of their public 
transactions. It is believed that the name of 
the opposition nowhere appears on the records 
of the Peucinians." There was a. wide and 
happy change from 1817, when the committee 
thus carefully abstain from the- mention of 
the hated word 'Athenaum,' to 1836, when 
the Peucinians generously voted the us.' of 
their library to their burned-out rivals. The 
Peucinians at first extended invitations to 
Sophomores, without reference t<> their being 
members of Athenian: and the report coolly 
savs. "the members elected from the opposi- 
tion society left it, anil became members of 
ours." 

In September. 1 S| I^. the first Peucinian 
anniversary was held, mi the day preceding 
Commencement ; and an oration pronounced 



186 



B WD OIN ORIENT. 



by C. S. Davies, which, at the request of the 
College Government, was printed in the Bos- 
ton Monthly Anthology. It was introduced to 
the readers of the Anthology by a paragraph, 
saying in effect: " The following article comes 
from a region which we have been accus- 
tomed to regard as the Bceotia of New En- 
gland; but in reading the effusion, one may 
conclude that the writer, at least, lives nearer 
Attica than we do ourselves." 

" The motto, or theme, with which it opens, 
' 'Imp.vj si- A'Oq-jaq,' had become almost a college 
watchword," says a member of the class of '16, 
speaking of his own college times. 

In 1810 a seal was adopted, bearing the 
somewhat clumsy design of a pine branch 
crossed by a caduceus, against which leaned a 
bow. Below were a pair of clasped hands, 
and above, a garland inclosing the legend, 
"Pin. Loq. Sem. Hab." On the sides were 
the words " Pucinia Societas." The society 
continued with somewhat varying success until 
1813, when the control of the constitution 
was given into the hands of the General 
Society, and by them revised. A new impulse 
was given by the interest and aid of the Gen- 
eral Society. And in 1815 we find a certifi- 
cate from one John Perry, Parish Clerk, that 
the Parish had " Voted, That the Peusinian 
Society of Bowdoin College, may have the 
meeting-house between the hours of three and 
five o'clock p.m., on the day preceeding Com- 
mencement, for the purpose off delivering an 
oration there, untill the Parish shall otherivise 
determine." There is no evidence that this re- 
markable privilege was ever carried to its limit. 

" Connected with these annual meetings," 
says the report of 1817, before quoted, " arose 
an unfortunate disagreement between the 
legislative government of college and the 
society. The society wished their public per- 
formances to be held either in the chapel or 
meeting-house. The chapel was occupied on 
the day assigned, by the college government ; 
and they also alleged that performances by 



graduates whose age and standing would give 
them higher pretentions than the performances 
at Commencement could claim, would so 
much diminish the novelty and interest of 
Commencement exercises, that they could 
not consent to our having the meeting-house 
on the day preceding these exercises." 

From an address prepared by a well-known 
gentleman, who became a member in 1815, 
we obtain a most interesting view of the con- 
dition of the society at that date. " The 
Peucinian Society," the writer says, " had not 
then rooms, nor, if I remember rightly, for 
ten years after. We held our meetings, in 
alphabetical rotation, in our private rooms. 
. . . . The exercises of the evening were 
opened by a forensic by two members, . . . . 
and then a debate on the subject was opened, 
each member being called upon, in turn, to 
take his part. . . . A dull, lifeless discussion 
was certainly the exception. If there was 
not what was regarded as a good debate, enlist- 
ing a large proportion of the membership, it 
was always a subject of remark and regret. 

.... The Society Library was 

contained in a single case with folding doors. 
[It is reported to have consisted, in 1815, of 
five hundred volumes, valued at $700. The 
authority we are quoting puts the number at 
about three, hundred volumes.] ... It had 
been collected wholly by individual donations 
of undergraduates, when the whole college 
consisted of but fifty members; the society 
numbered comparatively few, and fewer still 
could give. I remember the sensation caused 
by the rumor that Bowdoin of the class of 
1814, .... had presented Swift's works 
in an edition of fifteen volumes. It may 
excite a smile to be informed that the library 
of those days was a movable trust. On the 
accession of a new librarian the case was trans- 
ported on the broadest shoulders, sometimes 
from one entry of Maine College to the other, 
even to the fourth story, — all helping in the 
removal of the books." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



187 



The next fifteen years were rather years 
of inner interest and spirited work, than of 
marked outward events. The rivalry with 
the Athenian, however it may have seemed 
to l)e attended with bitterness and envy, was 
still a spur to action, and perhaps rather bene- 
ficial than hurtful. 

In 1824 Longfellow delivered the anniver- 
sary poem, but unfortunately all trace of it 
lias disappeared from the archives. In 1827 
the constitution was amended so as to allow 
the admission of Freshmen. The committee 
who reported on the proposed amendment at 
the annual meeting in 1826, having noticed 
" with surprise and even regret " that the rival 
society had, by zeal and perseverance, attained 
nearly an equality to their own more ancient 
institution. 

In 1830, the society petitioned for the use 
of "No. 1 N. C. [M. II.], opposite the room 
already occupied by the society;" and the 
request was granted. There is among the 
papers of the Atheiuean a paper dated the 
same year, containing a refusal by the author- 
ities of a similar request, for a room in the 
north end M. II. When the trouble arose, in 
1831, between the Boards and the societies, 
the Peucinians appointed a committee to con- 
fer with the Atheneans, in relation to the 
terms proposed by the committee of the 
Heard-. A report was offered containing a 
scheme lor uniting the societies and libraries, 
hui it was rejected, and no compromises were 
made by either society. In (.833, I he Peucin- 
ian was incorporated on the same general 
terms provided in tin' Ad of L828, incorpor- 
ai ing the Ai henajan. 

As noticed ill the sketch of the Atheiuean. 

when the lihiary of that society was destroyed, 
in L826, the. Peucinian very generously gave 
the members of its rival the use of its o\\ n 
library, which was on that disastrous day 
moved to the •• Mansion I louse.' It was 
also proposed that a subscription be raised for 
the replacing of the destroyed library, bm 



the project was never carried into effect. 
In quite a different temper the two socie- 
ties had, in 1838, the most violent quarrel of 
their history, concerning the use of the Senior 
Recitation Boom. The Athemeans had been 
in the habit of meeting in that room on Fri- 
day evening, and the Peucinians, unconscious 
of the fact, as they claimed, appointed a meet- 
ing of their own at the same time and place. 
At first the former compromised by claiming 
the room only on alternate weeks, but soon 
withdrew this concession. The other society 
declared that it was not only their privilege, 
lint their right to use the room, and unani- 
mously "Resolved, that the Peucinian Society 
cannot and will never concede this claim." 
The affair, however, finally evaporated in 
words, beth parties conceding something. 
In the records of 1841 allusion is made to a 
history of the society, prepared by Hon. W. 
1). Northern!, '43, but we have been unable 
to find it. 

The Peucinian seems to have taken the 
precedence of its si>ter, in a contested elec- 
tion. In 1846, upon the question of counting 
blank votes, a division occurred in the soci- 
ety, and appeal was made to the General 
Society. The rival candidates both finally 
resigned, and tin' trouble was not of long 
continuance. 

In 1 347, upon a proposition of the Phi 
Alpha " to merge that society into tin' Peu- 
cinian," and ; - to present the goods, tie 
net . and the monej in tic treasury" to i he 
Peucinian. ii was voted 'Mo receive the goods, 
the cabinet, and . the money i I 

Phi Alpha Society ." 

The later years of the society ma 
looked upon as its decline. The anniversary 
exercises, indeed, gave an additional into 
to Commencement until a comparatively re- 
cent date: but it was evident thai the old 
spiiit was last failing, [n our day we only 
know of the .,ld -lories of Peucinian ami 
AtheiKcan by the tenderness and interest with 



188 



B0WD01N OBIENT. 



which they are spoken of by the Alumni. 
But, although now 

"In the dark places with the dead of old 
They lie forever cold," 

they have been a power for good in their clay 
and generation which shall not cease to be 
felt while the college is remembered ; and the 
Peucinian will, perhaps, be especially remem- 
bered, since " Pinos loquentes semper haiemus." 

LOCAL. 



" To Freeport we will go ! " 

" Can you dance the ' Boston ' ? " 

The '77 Shakespeare Club is dead. 

" How do you like your pictures ? " 

The gas in Winthrop burns brightly. 

Eighty-seven medical students have regis- 
tered. 

Is it not time for the base-ball nine to 
begin to train ? 

Prof. White and his famdy moved to 
Taunton, Mass., last week. 

Souther, formerly of '76, has made a short 
visit upon his college friends. 

C. A. Perry, '77, is now at the Grand 
National Hotel, Jacksonville, Florida. 

Spring has come. Let us congratulate one 
another that rubber boots are cheap. 

Stranger to student, in the depot : " Can 
you tell me the way to the Tietont House ? " 

The name of Clark was omitted from the 
list of Senior-part men, published in the last 
Orient. 

A Senior says that he dreamt the other 
night that he was drilling the Modocs. We 
wish he might. 

The Faculty were petitioned for an ad- 
journ, on Washington's birthday, but declined 
to grant it. 



The following appointments have been 
made from the Junior class for the exhibi- 
tion at the close of the term: Metcalf, C. A. 
Perry, W. Perry, and Sherman. 

Sunday-evening meetings seem to offer 
new attractions to the Brunswick Madohen, 
since the Medics, who are said to be more 
than usually good looking, have come. 

A select debating society is being organ- 
ized in '77. College debating societies have 
not of late years met with very marked suc- 
cess, but we hope to see this one live and 
flourish. 

Teacher to Seniors — "When you wish 
anything to be done, such as opening the 
window or fixing the stove, don't whisper any 
more, please, but raise your hands and ask per- 
mission." 

Atwood, '76, and Pratt, '77, have plunged 
into the depths of Aroostook forests, where 
they propose to teach the youth of Presque 
Isle and Fort Fairfield something about mat- 
ters in the outer world. 

The number of regular student boarders 
at the Tontine has dwindled from fifteen to 
two. Cold weather and the recent rise which 
the landlord has made in the price of board 
have probably been the causes of it. 

Prof. Carmichael is delivering lectures on 
electricity and magnetism before the Medical 
crass and also the Senior class in College. 
Some of the experiments connected with the 
lectures have been very successful and inter- 
esting. 

After much " trial and tribulation," a 
dancing school has at length been success- 
fully started. Twenty-five couples will be in 
attendance, under the instruction of Mr. Gil- 
bert, of Lewiston. No particular night has 
been decided upon for giving the lessons, but 
it is understood that one lesson will be given 
each week. Six lessons make up the course 
to be followed by a grand ball at the end of 
the term. 



B I VD OIN ORIENT. 



189 



" The man that hath no music in himself" 
must exist somewhere in the present Medical 
class. A few mornings since, the Seniors, hav- 
ing had the good fortune to be in the lecture 
room first, and having, as a natural conse- 
quence, taken all the front seats, struck up on 
the " Gambolier." Now, instead of adding 
sweet melody to the chorus, not a solitary 
Modoc unclosed his mouth, but every one sat 
glum and silent until the Janitor rang his bell 
for the instructor. 

Besides lliose training for the University 
crew in the gymnasium, there are Achorn, 
Huston. Pennell, Tarbox, and Varney, train- 
ing for a Freshman crew, of which Brown 
will be coxswain. There is also a light-weight 
crew working up to pull in '75's old boat, con- 
sisting of Melcher (captain), C. E. Cobb, 
Knight, and Seabury. Everything seems to 
anticipate success for the class races this 
Spring, and there is great interest manifested 
in tin-' different crews. 

It lias always seemed very strange to us 
that the authorities of tins town would not 
grani a license for another billiard hall. Un- 
der the present circumstances, if two friends 
wish to have a quiet game of billiards, they 
are obliged to go out of town altogether. 
For to expect any pleasure from going to the 
hall connected with the Bowdoin Hotel would 
certainly be entirely out of the question. The 
idea of having a neat and well kept billiard 
hall in town ought to be looked upon with 
more favor by the' town authorities. 

Military exercise, like the gymnasium, is 
optional this term. A class of seventeen, 
mostly from the lower classes, receive instruc- 

tion IV ('apt. Caziarc every Tuesday and 

Friday afternoon, in squad movements and 
manual of arms. The mom devoted to that 
purpose is in the upper part of the Medical 
building, and was formerly used l>\ the col- 
lege as a recitation room. Capt. Caziarc was 
absent, not Ion- since, ami the command of 



the company was given to one of the Seniors, 
who is said to have " done himself ashes " on 
the occasion. 

The hour formerly devoted to the " Out- 
lines of Man " has, for the last w r eek or two, 
been highly interesting and instructive. First, 
the member of the class to whom the review 
has been assigned recites it generally in a 
very able manner, owing, no doubt, to the 
kind assistance which he receives from others, 
who tug at his coat-tails and pinch his legs 
during the delivery. The remainder of the 
hour is then utilized by a volunteer discussion 
on the " Relation of Mind to Infinity," " In- 
stinct and Reason," or some other equally 
entertaining topic. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

'37. — Albert Morrill, born in Frankfort in 
March, 1812, fell dead in the street in Port- 
land, February 13th, 187(3. He taught, after 
graduation, in the Academy at Bath ; prac- 
ticed law in Bath and Portland, taking an 
active part in politics; was editor of theNorth- 
ern Tribune during Fillmore's administration. 

The Bowdoin Alumni of Bangor ami 
vicinity met at the Bangor House, Friday 
evening, 25th ult., to organize an Alumni 
Association. The company was called to 
order by lion. s. H. Blake, ami proceeded to 
eleel officers, with the following results: 
President, lion. s. II. Blake; Vic Presi- 
dents, Chief Justice Appleton, Gen. C. \V. 
Roberts, and Rev. Dr. Tenney of Ellsworth; 
Secretary, Dr. A. ( '. Hamlin: Treasurer, .1. 
I.. Crosby, Esq.; Executive Committee, Prof. 
.1. s. Scwall. F. II. Appleton, Esq., and Mr. 
\V. .1. Curtis. Among the speakers were 
President Allen of Orono, Prof. Carmichaelt 



190 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Prof. J. S. Sewall, Gen. Roberts, Attorney- 
General Emery of Ellsworth, Judge S. F. 
Humphrey, Prof. C. M. Fern aid of Orono, . 
and Rev. G. T. Packard. 

SIXTH ANNUAL DINNER OF THE BOWDOIN ALUMNI 
ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK. 

From the Graphic, received by the kind- 
ness of Mr. Cothven, we condense an account 
of the sixth annual dinner of the Bowdoin 
Alumni Association of New York, which took 
place at Delmonico's ou the evening of Feb- 
ruary 24th : — ■ 

About fifty gentlemen were present, including a 
few invited guests. 

Prior to the dinner a business meeting was held 
iu the parlor. The meeting was called to order by 
Nathaniel Cotbren, President, who said that as John 
E. Dow, the Secretary, was ill and unable to attend, 
Frederic G-. Dow would -officiate in bis place. 

A few alterations in the by-laws of the associa- 
tion were adopted. 

The Treasurer, William A. Abbott, reported that 
there were no funds in hand, and no debts, the 
income of the association exactly balancing the 
expenditures. 

An election of officers for the ensuing year was 
then, held, with the following result: President, 
Nathaniel Cotbren ; Vice Presidents, Nehemiah 
( lleavelaud, William IT. Allen, Henry P. Smith, and 
William A. Abbott ; Corresponding Secretary, The- 
odore W. Bradford ; Recording Secretary, Frederic 
G. Dow ; Treasurer, Samuel G. Gross ; Executive 
Committee, Dexter A. Hawkins, G. P. Hawes, Chas. 
G. Soule, B. 15. Foster, and James McKeen. 

The Alumni then adjourned to the dining-room. 
The dinner was in every respect an admirable one, 
anil was heartily enjoyed by the guests. As soon as 
the cloth was removed the President made an 
address of welcome to the Alumni, and expressed 
his gratification at meeting so largo a number of fel- 
low-students of Ins dear Alma Mater. He was 
delighted to inform them that Bowdoin College was 
in a very flourishing condition, and that the faculty 
looked forward to increasing prosperity. Jle re- 
ferred with great feeling to the semi-centennial of 
i In- class ol' 1825, held last year, ami which In- had 
attended. It had been <\\il that poetry was a. use- 
less thing — a mere ornament; hut when Longfellow 
stood up and recited his "Morituri to Salutamus" 
ii rni a tin-ill through their hearts which made 



them feel as one man, and which could never bo 
forgotten. 

Professor Sewall spoke of the great pleasure 
which it gave him, as an admirer of Bowdoin, to 
meet so many delegates from the different classes. 
Bowdoin was not the mere material of the buildings, 
but wherever they met an alumnus of the college 
there was Bowdoin. He then gave an interesting 
apercu of the rise of modern education and the 
university system. 

Professor Chapman mule a witty speech, in 
which he adduced some of the old Knickerbocker 
legends, iu order to typify the good cheer provided 
at Delmonico's on such occasions as the meetings of 
the Bowdoin Alumni. 

Dr. Allou, of Girard College, expressed his 
gratification at meeting his fellow-students. After 
reviewing the whole theory of college life, ho said 
the course of Bachelor and Master of Arts was the 
best method of education. 

Dexter A. Hawkins delivered an excellent 
address. He said that Cornelia said her children 
were her jewels — the sons of Bowdoin wore the 
jewels of their Almfi Muter. 

Professor Dunn read a poem composed for the 
occasion. He is a member of the famous class of 
1825, and was the only graduate of that year pres- 
ent. Letters of regret were read from President 
Chamberlain, W. P. Fryo, Professor Hitchcock, and 
the Rev. Dr. Prentiss. 

Among the Alumni present were the following: 
President William II. Allen, class of '33, D. D., 
LL.D., of Girard College ; Rev. Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, 
'34, President of the Roberts College in Constanti- 
nople; Dr. H. Q. Biitterfield, Harvard, MS; Prof. 
H. B. Smith, '34, of Union Theological Seminary ; 
Prof. Dunn, '25; Dexter A. Hawkins, '43; ({en. 
Thomas H. Hubbard, '37; lie v. John Cotton Smith. 
'47; David Fales, '43; Kinman F. Page, '53; Prof. 
Sewall, '48; W. J. Tlmrber, 'ill; Prof. Henry L. 
Chapman, '66, of Brunswick ; Prof. C. F. Bracket*, 
'59, of Princeton ; United states Assistant District 
Attorney Foster, '55; Francis R. Upton, 75; Augus- 
tus F. Libby, 'G\ ■ J. 1). Batch, '56; M. M. Robinson, 
'56 ; and Stephen Foss, ''hi. 




SUCCFSSFULLY TREATED 

Without lln- use of the 

KNIFE OR CAUSTICS 

Ami without pain. AMvess, 

Dr. -A.- H- Brown, 

203 Ciiu-m, St., 

NEW HAVEN, CONN., 

Enclosing twenty-live cents for 

Pamphlet and Postage. 



Vol. V. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MARCH 29, 1876. 



No. 17. 



"AMICI, DIEM PERDIDI." 

Thong]] bravest brave, when Fortune turns the tide, 

No man may say her nay : 
Kent with a ghastly spear- wound in his side, 
The}' bore the hero from the fight away ; 
And strong men weep to hear him faintly say, 
With death -choked voice: "Friends, f have lost the 

day!" 

II. 
But when, the city reached, friends round him throng, 

One puts them all aside, — 
One he has loved with service vain as long: 
Now love and woo break down at last her pride ; 
She drew him to her arms with kisses long denied. 
" Friends, f have f/niucd the day!" he thrilling, dying 

cried. 



CUPID'S BARGAIN. 

i. 

When Love was young, the willful boy 

His own affairs conducted, 
And strangest errors made, because 

lie would not be instructed. 

ir. 

But age o'ertook the rogue at last, 
Aud stopped this wild proceeding. 

Full soon he found, throughout the world, 
J lis power fast receding. 

in. 
And so, fin- quite a handsome sum, — 

Though Cupid's name for gan II 

Was still retained — bis business all 

CjOVO traded oil' to Mammon. 



WHY I DON'T RHYME ANY MORE. 

Lesl 1 should get "selected oul " 

Before old Heath came knocking, 
I told my Muse to go about 

Her business! It was shocking; 

But I've no time to write my rhymes; 

My locks will soon be hoary. 
Good-bye, old Muse— I'll earn my dimes, 

And "go it blind" ("or glory. 

w. s n 



AFTER BfiRAXGER. 

" Muliji-r la voix ilr la sagess," i tc. 

In spite of wisdom's warning voice, 
I'll gladly get me stores of gold; 
Nor ever, losing it, rejoice, — 
Tnlcss my jealous eyes behold 
It flung before my mistress' feet. 
A dele, whatever thy caprice, 
Each day I'll make thy joys complete ; 
I ask not wealth from heaven above, 
But I'd be rich — so rich in love. 

W. S. B. 

A FEW FACTS ABOUT ANCIENT 

BOOKS. 
It is our intention to present here a few 
facts about ancient writings, the progress that 
is exhibited in the material used to write on, 
and the instrument used in writing; also, to 
mention some of the causes which have con- 
duced to the preservation of these writings. 
Of course, in treating of such a subject, we 
can offer nothing original, but must content 
ourselves with collecting together facts as the} r 
already exist, hoping thai we may set forth 
something that will be of interest. At the 
present time, when books arc so abundant and 
sn cheap, and when facilities of communica- 
tion are so good that one need not stir from 
his home to collect a library, we can hardly 
conceive, much less appreciate, the difficulties 
the ancient book-gatherer had to encounter. 
Then, asingle book, if obtainable at all, would 
frequently cos) a fortune, ami the collector 
who was not able to purchase it was obliged 
to transcribe it or have it transcribed fur him, 
a process involving an immense deal of care 
and labor. Yet what immense libraries we 
read of the ancients possessing. We must 
bear in mind, however, when we compare the 
ancient libraries with Che modern, that a large 






194 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



number of their volumes would in many cases 
be comprised in a single modern volume. For 
instance, the twenty-four books of Homer's 
Iliad would constitute so many separate vol- 
umes. The oldest writings, of which we have 
any knowledge, are on stone, and brick, and 
wood. Some of the metals were also used, 
especially brass and lead. These, however, 
were found to be more perishable than the 
other substances mentioned, from the action 
of the elements, frecpiently being destroyed 
by lightning. Wooden tablets were very much 
employed, at first the bare wood written upon 
by cutting the letters in, and afterwards tab- 
lets covered with wax. These latter served 
very much the purpose of modern slates, as 
the writing was readily erased, leaving the 
tablet ready for use again. They were used 
as slates by the boys at school. They were 
often fastened together in the form of a book, 
and thus arranged resembled the trunk of a 
tree. Hence they Avere called codex, and 
from this we derive our English word, code. 
Of course, when it was desired to preserve 
the writing, some harder substance must be 
used, and for this reason the Roman rulers 
used ivory plates in issuing their edicts. But 
all these materials were expensive and incon- 
venient. Something was needed at the same 
time easily prepared and easy to handle. This 
was first found in the leaves of trees. Upon 
these the sibylline prophecies were written, 
and from their use we undoubtedly derive our 
term, the leaves of a book. The inner bark, 
called liber, was afterwards substituted on 
account of its greater durability. From this 
the Romans obtained their word for book, and 
we our word library. 

The next change was one of great advance- 
ment — the substitution of papyrus. This was 
much superior to anything that had hitherto 
been used, and continued in use for many 
years. It was made from a species of large 
water rush. It grows in thin layers, the 
innermost being the most delicate and valu- 



able. The outermost layers were rough, and 
of no value at all. After being separated, 
these la}'ers were moistened and pressed, then 
rolled and polished. But this, too, was very 
perishable, and something more lasting was 
needed. This at length was found in parch- 
ment, prepared from the skins of sheep and 
goats, and vellum prepared from calf skins — 
a richer material than parchment. This was 
of various colors, and was frequently written 
on in letters of gold and silver, and richly 
illuminated with the same precious metals. 
Parchment and vellum finally yielded to cot- 
ton paper, which began to be manufactured 
in the eighth or ninth century. Linen paper 
was substituted for this some time in the four- 
teenth century. The instruments used in 
writing were various. Of course, when the 
harder substances were to be written on, a 
chisel must be used; afterwards, an instru- 
ment called a stylus. This was at first made 
of iron, pointed at one end for writing, and 
flattened at the other for erasing. From this 
instrument we get the word we use when we 
speak of the style of a book. When parch- 
ment and paper were discovered, reeds, and 
afterwards quills, came into use. These, of 
course, imply the use of inks. 

The first method of writing was from right 
to left, then backwards and forwards, and then 
the present method. The Chinese method is 
from top to bottom. The changes in the 
method of writing, and especially in the form 
of the letters, are of very great use in deter- 
mining the date of a manuscript. The man- 
uscripts were made in long strips, which were 
rolled up on rods. From these rolls we 
obtain our English word, volume, the Latin 
for a roll being volumen. These rolls, if very 
valuable, were placed in cedar boxes. They 
were also sometimes rubbed with the oil of 
cedar for their better preservation. In the 
bookstores, they were usually covered with 
cases made out of polished skins. 

The transcribing of books became a very 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



195 



important business among the ancients — a 
large class made it their sole business. 
Among the Romans, slaves were educated 
for and employed in this occupation. In this 
manner the immense libraries of the ancients 
were collected. But soon the dark ages 
approached, and the decline of learning and 
the inroads of barbarians threatened the total 
destruction of all the previous accumulations. 
To the monks we owe the preservation of all 
the ancient literature we now possess. Long 
after the transcribing of books had ceased in 
the outer world, the work was carried on in 
the cloister ; the monasteries also served as 
safe repositories for them when the barbarians 
invaded. But as the dark ages advanced, 
the monks became more and more depraved, 
and unable to appreciate the masterpieces of 
literature in their possession ; and to save 
expense in the purchase of new parchment, 
they erased such writings as those of Livy 
and Tacitus, to make room for some trash of 
their own. Many rare works perished under 
their hands. So far did the destruction go 
that, says one writer, " had the revival of 
letters been delayed a century longer, the 
destruction of the old literature, for aught we 
can now discover, might have been nearly 
complete." Thanks to the laziness of the 
monks, however, many of the manuscripts 
were so imperfectly erased that by a chem- 
ical application they are made legible. By 
this means a number of ancient works have 
been recovered. In the beginning of the 
fourteenth century, letters began to revive, 
and ancient manuscripts were diligently sought 
after. The invention of the printing-press 
gave a great impetus to the work, and the 
masterpieces of literature which we now pos- 
sess were soon placed beyond the possibility 
of being lost. 



A MISS -ADVENTURE; 

OK, CHEEK AND WHAT CAME OF IT. 



Streaming hair; 
Sparkling eyes ; 
Lashes long; 
Each look a prize. 

A glowing cheek, 
That tells of bliss; 
Luscious lips; 
Now — just oue kiss. 

A hasty glance ; 
A speaking flush ; 
Droopiug lids, 
That fringe a blush. 

A forward step — 
The deed is done; 
Tingling ears 
Their due have wou. 
— Oxford and Cambridge Undergraduates' Journal. 

A reverend gentleman who does not live 
a thousand miles from this place, was recently 
on the train between Augusta and Portland, 
when he was approached by a runner, who 
asked him if he " had a pack of cards any- 
wheres about him." 

The venerable book-peddler who was about 
college not long ago, called at a student's room, 
and being asked if he had Abbott's History of 
Maine, replied, " No. There is a new edition 
coming out soon, with something about the 
centinental in it." 

Scene in chemistry recitation. Prof. — 
"What is an atom?" Student — "The ulti- 
mate constituent of matter, which exists in 
theory but not in fact." Prof. — "Hardly." 

A Sophomore closed an exciting narrative 
to one of the fair sex, in this town, as follows : 
" I then entered the chicken coop and charged 
on the (h)enemy ! " 

Scene in constitutional -law recitation: 
Prof. — "Which State first ratified the present 
I constitution ? '' Student — " Feraion*/" 

" Yuu are all doubtless aware that there is A place of business — an American dinner 

a ranking system in American colleges." table. 



196 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin Orient. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DUR- 
ING THE COLLEGIATE YEAR, AT 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 
By the Class of 1876. 

EDITORS. 
Arlo Bates, E. H. Kimball, 

C. H. Clark, J. G. Libby, 

C. T. Hawes, J. A. Morrill, 

W. H. G. Rowe. 

Terms— $2 00 a year, in advance; single copies, 
15 cents. 

Address communications to Bowdoin Orient, 
Brunswick, Maine. 

For sale at Charles Griffin's and B. G. Dcnni- 
son's, Brunswick. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. V., No. 17.— March 29, 1876. 

" Amici, Diem Perdidi " 193 

Cupid's Bargain 193 

Why I don't Rhyme any More 193 

After Beranger 193 

A few Facts about Ancient Books 193 

A Miss-Adventure 195 

Editorial Notes 196 

Local 200 

Alumni Notes 201 

Editors' Table 202 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



As this is the last number of the present 
volume of the Orient, it is imperative that 
those still indebted should forward their 
subscriptions immediately. All communica- 
tions relative to Vol. V. should be addressed 
to W. H. G. Rowe, Box 1037. 



Persons wishing to fill old sets of the 
Orient, may obtain from the editors any of 
the following numbers at reasonable prices : 
Vol. I., Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 



17 ; Vol. II., Nos. 2, 7, 12 ; and any number 
of Vol. III., IV., or V. The number of 
copies of these in Vol. I. and II. is limited, 
in some cases being only a single paper. 



Thursday evening, March 16th, a lecture, 
supplementary to the Memorial Hall Course, 
was given by Professor Vose, at the request 
of a number of gentlemen who had the 
pleasure of hearing the first lecture, and 
wished to listen to a continuation of the sub- 
ject, — "Our Iron Roads." The Professor 
first treated, at some length, the subject of 
foundations, and then spoke of the locomotive, 
giving an exhaustive history or its progress 
from the first rude forms to the present perfect 
machine. The whole lecture was given in the 
easy conversational manner characteristic of 
Professor Vose, and was illustrated by a large 
number of drawings executed by different 
members of the engineering department, as 
well as by a device by Newcomb, '76, designed 
to show the working of the different parts of 
the engine. 



On Friday, the 27th of June, 1862, the 
McKeen store, as it was called, which stood at 
the corner of Main and Cleaveland Streets, 
was destroyed by fire. The second floor was 
occupied as a dwelling by Joseph McKeen, 
Esq., Treasurer of the College. Quite a 
quantity of College property Avas in Mr. 
McKeen's possession, and a part of this was 
lost. Among the articles burned were two 
chairs which had been used Commencement 
days — one in the pulpit and one on the stage. 
One had been presented to the College by a 
Miss Russell of Yarmouth ; it being an ancient 
chair long held in the family, and originally 
brought from England. The other was pre- 
sented by Rev. Dr. Jenks of Boston. He 
brought it in his chaise from Bath to Bruns- 
wick, for use at the first Commencement, in 
1806. It had been on the stage at every 
Commencement up to the time of the fire — 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



197 



a period of fifty-six years. When Dr. Jenks 
was informed of the loss of the original chair, 
he claimed the right to present another, and 
accordingly forwarded the one now standing 
at Prof Packard's table in the library. This 
chair was used in 1862, but has since given 
place to the more stately chapel chairs. 



Bowdoin — let us send no crew, but give our 
support to the class regatta, and our money 
for a new boat-house. By so doing we shall 
have skilled oarsmen for next year, and a 
much needed improvement in rowing facilities. 



The opinion of the Orient as to the 
advisability of sending a crew to the inter- 
collegiate regatta is too well known, and has 
been too often expressed, to make its reiteration 
necessary. But in the light of recent devel- 
opments we have a word or two to say. 
Since the matter of representation at Saratoga 
has been under discussion, it has been rumored, 
and even asserted, that there was no unity of 
feeling among the men who were expected to 
constitute the crew, and that the election of a 
captain would result in a break. The truth of 
this assertion was proved at a recent meeting of 
the men in training. This meeting was called 
by the provisional captain, to use his own 
words, " to organize for Saratoga." The 
organization resulted in the election of Bur- 
leigh as captain, by a vote undeniably fair. 
The next morning two members of the crew 
resigned their positions. The fact that these 
gentlemen had been among the most enthusi- 
astic advocates of the necessity of represen- 
tation, rendered their position, to say the least, 
rather equivocal, and open to the charge of a 
predominance of personal over college inter- 
ests. The secession of two of its best mem- 
bers renders the prospect of the crew's success 
even darker than before. Enthusiasm on the 
subject is entirely wanting in the collegers 
may be imagined. At present we understand 
five men are in "training," — if going into the 
gymnasium when they feel like it ran be called 
training. Now it seems to us that we express 
the feeling of a large majorityof the students 
when we say that the sooner this farce is ex- 
ploded the better. As we can ool scud a 
cood crew — one that would do credit to old 



The University Magazine waxeth eloquent 
on the marking system. A previous issue 
contained an adverse criticism upon the sys- 
tem, and a new writer "feels not only in 
unison with the matter therein stated, but 
also, that much more remains still to be said." 
His grounds seem to us in the main very fair, 
and applicable here as well as elsewhere : — 

" Marks aud college standings arc merely relative 
results of some man's opinions. A high mark only 
means that the recipient thereof could repeat a cer- 
tain section of a certain book better than some other 
man could repeat a certain other section, — perhaps 
of auother book ; and a high standing merely shows 
the holder thereof to have acquired a few more of 
these high marks than certain other men, with whom, 
as chance classmates he may be associated. 

" The everlasting craving to be first, the push- 
iug ambition to excel one's fellows, the unscrupu- 
lous desire for praise, are the curse of college life; 
leading minds from their proper course into the 
selfish and insidious accompaniments of a race where 
egotism holds full sway, iu the place that of all oth- 
ers should have good-will and fellowship. On the 
other hand, a striving to excel one's self, a using of 
each and every talent God has giveu, a doing of 
one's very best, form the only sure footing for man's 
rise 

" Marks are well in schools for boys not yet 
reached an age appreciative of a mental education's 
worth; for them some system for goading on to 
greater labor is an absolute necessity; but in a col- 
lege reside (presumedly) men, who have assembled 
I'm- the cue sole cause of love of letters or desire for 
a scientific schooling, and this Love or this 
should be the solo incentive to all college zeal and 
labor. 

" When marks and examination standings are tho 
criterious of men's worth, Universities arc reduced 
to the condition of primary schools, where boys 
strive for number one. returning to the parental roof 
to receive a mamma's kiss and blessing." 

This is, it is true, but one side of the 
question; and perhaps it is the side more 



198 



BO TWO IN ORIENT. 



frequently considered by the student mind. 
There is also much justice in the claim that as 
American colleges are constituted, the mark- 
ing system is at least a necessary evil. 

The subject came up at the last Senior 
debate, the question being : " Resolved, That 
the present ranking system should be abol- 
ished." After a spirited debate, in which 
personal reminiscences were rather too prom- 
inent, the question was decided in the 
affirmative. 



What a list of pleasant recollections, asso- 
ciated with our first year's sojourn in Old 
Bowdoin, was brought before our mind by 
looking over the picture list from which we 
are to order. Among the principal of these 
was the memory of scenes and incidents 
connected with the stay of the universally 
esteemed professors who have since been 
called elsewhere. There was Prof. Brackett, 
a man who at once commanded the highest 
regard and profoundest respect from the stu- 
dents, as well as from all with whom he was 
in any way connected. 

Profs. Goodale and Morse were also among 
the most popular and universally respected 
members of the faculty ; and although we had 
not much to do in their branches of study, 
yet all were sensible of their pleasant and 
winning influence. Prof. Young may also be 
classed in a certain sense among these, for 
instead of being now our regular instructor, 
his arduous duties in other quarters call him 
from the recitation room to a great extent. 

All these professors hold the highest respect 
of the students who chanced to be in any way 
connected with them, and it is greatly to be 
lamented that they could not have been re- 
tained. We have now, as members of the 
facultj r , in the positions these men once so ably 
filled, Prof. Carmichael in the chair occupied 
by Prof. Brackett, Prof. Moore in that so 
acceptably filled by Prof. Young, and Tutor 
Chandler as instructor in those branches once 



so forcibly presented by Profs. Morse and 
Goodale. 

Want of space forbids mention of what 
we should be glad to say for the present in- 
cumbents. However, they are too well known 
\>y our readers to receive less respect and 
esteem than they deserve. 



The quickness with which matters of his- 
tory fall into oblivion is surprising. Especially 
are local matters speedily forgotten, and the 
historian has generally to select the most prob- 
able from a number of conflicting records and 
opinions. We have had this brought home 
to ns with some force, in attempting to fix the 
dates and donors of the chapel panel pictures. 

The chapel was dedicated June 7, 1855 ; 
and it is not without a smile that we hear 
that even at so recent a date, there were not 
wanting good souls who were shocked at its 
polychrome decorations, stained glass, and 
especially the frescoed panels, as the gaudy 
insignia of the Scarlet Woman. It was, how- 
ever, not from regard to these objectors, but 
from pecuniary reasons that the panels were 
so slowly filled, — but five out of twelve hav- 
ing yet been painted. The intention was that 
the south wall should illustrate scenes from 
the Old Testament, while the north side was 
devoted to the New. 

The first picture painted was that of " Paul 
Preaching at Athens," which was put in in 
October, 1855. It was followed in June of 
1856, by " Peter and John at the Beautiful 
Gate." Both of these pictures are from 
Raphael's cartoons, which are preserved at 
Hampton Court. These cartoons were de- 
signed by Raphael for Leo X., as the subjects 
for a set of Flemish tapestries which were to 
adorn the chapel of the Vatican. They are 
said by Vasari to have been executed by 
Raphael " tutti cli sua mano" and are con- 
sidered as among the finest works of the 
artist. 

The first, and probably the second, of 



B0WD01N ORIENT. 



199 



these panels in the chapel were filled hy the 
liberality of Hon. Jared Sparks, LL.D., and 
his wife. We copy without permission from 
a private letter of the latter, the following: — 

"Dr. Woods brought to us his beautiful 
collection of drawings for 3 - our pretty chapel, 
in which we became most pleasantly inter- 
ested. Laughing, he said, 'They accuse me 
of turning Catholic on account of this fancy of 
mine.' We spoke precisely at the same moment 
in reply : ' Let us fill one of the panels.' The 
amusement of the occasion, and the natural 
pleasure of President Woods at such a result 
among those who had not been thought Cath- 
olic in their tendencies, gave us a very pleas- 
ant conclusion to our interview. I am not 
quite sure whether we sent two or one panel. 
I only remember, myself, selecting from en- 
gravings the centre of Raphael's cartoon of 
the 'Beautiful Gate,' and hastily sketching a 
list of subjects for the attendant vacancies 
around the chapel, for a copy of which he 
sent again. He had probably lost the first, 
and I having made none this did not occur to 
me ; and I only remember saying, as I think, 
' It began with (using on opposite sides the 
Old and New Gospels) "The Lion of Judah," 
" The Lamb of Christ," &c, &c.' " 

The Brunswick Telegraph of July 5, 185G, 
attributes the gift of the second panel to Hon. 
Bellamy Storer; but it is probable that this is 
a mistake which may have arisen from the 
fact that that gentleman had already provided 
for the filling of the third panel. This is 
rendered still more plausible by the fact that 
the Telegraph (Aug. 20, 1858) attributes the 
third picture to "a graduate of Bowdoin, 
resident in a distant State.'' Thus much is 
certain: a third picture, " TheAdoration of 
the Maui." was painted in May and June, 
L858. It is a copy from Cornelius, a German 
artist of the Dusseldorf school. 

It senns something of a pity that the entire 
set of pictures should not be by Raphael : and 
foe the New Testament scenes, at least, this 



i was evidently the original intention. The 
first three of the pictures were painted by 

J Mueller, a German artist of New York. The 
fourth seems to be the work of another hand, 

' and is of much better execution than any of 

i the others. 

The fourth panel filled was that containing 

j the "Annunciation," the original being by the 
French artist, Jalabert. This has been said 

' to be the gift of Hon. Nathan Cummings of 
Portland, who, however, disclaims that honor 
in a letter from which the following is an 
extract : " In 1859 President Woods wrote 
informing me that two of the panel pictures 
had been completed, and that the artists were 
then employed on a third, who had been en- 
gaged b} r him in the expectation of realizing 
the means of paj'ment from the sale of a copy 
of Titian's 'Danae' [No. 4 in the Bowdoin 
catalogue of paintings] or 'Shower of Gold,' 
.... which the government had authorized 
him to sell. With that view he sent it to 

Boston In the mean time the panel 

picture was progressing, and being nearly 
finished, with no prospect of the sale of the 
'Danae' in season to pay the artists. The 
President requested me to loan him 6250 to 
be paid on the contemplated sale of the 
pledged picture. Some months after this 
arrangement the President informed me that 
the sale was hopeless, and proposed to cancel 
the debt by giving me an absolute bill of sale." 
Mr. Cummings afterward disposed of the 
"Danae" to George Hall, a New York artist. 
There is evidently a confusion here, as the 
third picture, "The Adoration," was put in in 
1858. The picture referred to is evidently the 
"Annunciation'" ; but by President Chamber- 
lain, io whose courtesy we are indebted for 

the letter of Mr. ( ' illumines, it is thought 
that it was painted, or at least completed, in 
1860. 

The last picture was the gifl of the elass 
of L866, and was painted by Charles Otto, a 
New York artist, in June, L866. It is a copy 



200 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of Raphael's " St. Michael and the Dragon." 
Tradition preserves the legend that Otto had 
nearly completed his work Saturday night, 
and wishing to leave town early Monday 
morning, was tempted to complete his work 
upon the Sabbath. Upon expressing this to 
Dr. Woods, he was met by the ready response, 
"Would not that look a little too much as if 
the Dragon was getting the upper hand ? " 

It is very much to be hoped that '76 will 
follow in the footsteps of '66, and that by 
succeeding classes the whole set may be 
completed. 



LOCAL. 

" Wipe your chin ! " 

O ! for a penny post ! 

" Have you a partner for the ball ? " 

The Medics never make any noise, — 
O, no ! 

It was sad to hear him go on so. But he 
had just made a hole in his rubber boot, and 
who could blame him ? 

Some beautiful students from Wellesley 
College passed through the depot about a 
week since, and created quite a sensation. 

A Professor speaking of mythological 
characters, lately, informed his astonished 
class that Medusa was the grandfather of 
Cerberus. 

The boating enthusiasts have proposed to 
have a tub race on the pond within the cam- 
pus, after the next rain storm. It will be open 
to " yaggers." 

We hear that there are a pair of chums in 
college who only get three square meals every 
two days, as they have only one pair of rub- 
ber boots between them. 

The first lot of pictures from Warren did 
not give very good satisfaction; but since he 
has been informed of the fact lie has bestowed 



much more care upon his work, as the pictures 
which have been received lately show. 

The widow of Prof. Win. Sweetzer, for- 
merly Professor of Theoiw and Practice in our 
Medical School, has given the College, from 
the library of her husband, 230 volumes and 
290 pamphlets, chiefly medical. 

The Seniors now conduct their weekly 
debates with a chairman chosen from their 
own number. Sanford occupies the chair for 
the present. The practice seems likely to 
increase the interest in the debates very much. 

Going to dancing-school twice a week was 
getting tiresome, and the dancists are rather 
glad it is over with. Of course it will rain 
on the night of the ball; so it would be a 
good idea to engage a hack a week in advance. 

The editors of the Okient for the ensuing 
year have been chosen from the Junior class, 
as follows: Chapman, W. T. Cobb, Cousins, 
W. C. Greene, Little, C. A. Perry, and Sea- 
bury. They will enter upon their duties with 
the next issue. 

The '77 debating club has had a mock 
trial, at which the eloquence of some of its 
future lawyers was displayed to a remarkable 
extent. The plaintiff, we understand, was 
convicted of perjury, and was fined nine 
stews, — which debt he has lately liquidated. 

Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, of Boston, has 
presented to the College Library a copy, by 
the Heliotype process, of the diploma confer- 
ring the degree of LL.D. on Gov. James 
Bowdoin, of Mass., bearing the date of 1755, 
and the signatures of Principal Robertson 
(the Historian), Professors Dugald Stewart, 
Dalzell, Ferguson, Hunter, and others. 

Student (translating das Hevz im Leibe 
lachte) — "His heart laughed in his belly.'" 
Prof, (after some laughter from the class) — 
" Did you translate that wrong purposely ? " 
Student — " No, sir ; I found it so in the lexi- 
con." Prof. — " Well, if you consult an ana- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



201 



tomical work you will find that is not the 
location of the heart." 

Prof. Wilder of the Maine Medical School, 
has made, within a short time, very important 
discoveries in regard to the brain of the fish, 
establishing its complete homology with the 
true vertebrate type. Strange to say, the 
same conclusions have been reached by other 
men, at about the same time, by entirely 
different processes. 

The Swiss warble still rages in college, 
and shows no signs of abating. The true 
effect of this epidemic can only be appreciated 
by one who is writing a theme or getting a 
lesson in mathematics. The wild laugh of the 
hyena is melody compared with its fiendish 
intricacies. Have mercy, }'e night-wanderers, 
upon those who have heard it and try in vain 
to drive it from their thoughts ! 

It is about time to inform the yaggers 
that a vigilance committee has been chosen 
from among the Medics, whose business it 
will be to hunt and ferret out the young men 
of this town who hang around street corners 
and snow-ball the unwary disciples of Galen. 
They will be seized and carried off to receive 
the punishment they deserve. We present this 
as a friendly warning, hoping it will be heeded. 

During the severe rain storm which pre- 
vailed here last week, Appleton Had lost three 
of its chimneys. They were all blown over 
at about noon, at which time the gale was at 
its height. The shattered chimneys stood on 
the north-east, south-east, and south-west cor- 
ners. The one on the west side fell clear of 
the building; but the other two were blown 
over mi to the roof, crushing it in and render- 
ing the rooms immediately- below uninhabit- 
able on account of the water, which ilowed in 
stream-; through the openings. The force of 
the gale musl have been very great, as one 
would fed ai times thai the buildings them- 
selves were swaved. 



ALUMNI NOTES. 



[We earnestly request contributions for this 
department from the Alumni and friends of the 
College.] 

'07. — Seth Storer, Esq., died at his home, 
at Oak Hill, Scarboro, Me., on the 22d inst., 
aged 90. He was for many years a prominent 
member of the York County bar, and, at the 
time of his deal 
of the College. 

'14. — Dr. John Bush died at Vassalboro', 
Maine, February 28th, at the age of 83. 

'36. — Rev. Howard B. Abbott died at 
Waterville, Me., February 2d, aged 65. He 
studied law, and began the practice of his 
profession in Columbus, Miss., but was com- 
pelled to leave the South on account of the 
climate. He then entered into partnership 
with his brother, Hon. N. Abbott, of Belfast. 
A conviction of duty led him to renounce the 
profession, and to enter the ministry in the 
Methodist Church, to which he devoted his 
life with all his energies. For several years 
he suffered from feeble health. 

'39. — Edward P. Weston is to open a 
Female Seminary at Highland Hall, Highland 
Park, 111., next fall. 

'58. — Among the members of the class of 
1858, Bowdoin College, holding public posi- 
tions in this State, are: — 

J. P. Cilley, Adjutant General of Maine. 

Hon. Nathan Cleaves, Judge of Probate, 
Coumberland County. 

Gen. Francis Fessenden, Mayor, Portland. 

J. W. Phillips, Esq., member of Leg- 
islature from Orrington. 

Edwin 15. Nealley, Esq., Representative 
in Legislature from Bangor. 

Hon. Edwin Reed. Mayor of Bath. 

Colonel Franklin M. Drew, late Secretary 
of State, now United States Pension Agent 
at Augusta. — Portland Advertiser. 

'ill. — Rev. W. R. Cross, of Orono, has 
been invited by the First Congregationalist 



202 



BOWD01N ORIENT. 



Church and Society of Camden, to become 
their pastor, at a salary of $1200. 

'70. — D. S. Alexander has been elected 
Secretary of the Republican State Central 
Committee, of Indiana. The headquarters of 
the Committee are at Indianapolis. 

'70.— Edward B. Weston, M.D., of Lew- 
iston, has accepted a position in Highland 
Hall Seminary, Highland Park, 111. 

'70. — J. H. Gooch is in Minneapolis, Minn. 

'71. — Wm. P. Melcher received the degree 
of M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, 
at Academy of Music, Philadelphia, March 
10th. He was one of ten, in a class of 125, 
who received honorable mention. 

'72. — Rev. O. W. Rogers has received a 
call from the Congregational Church and 
Society, of Farmington, Maine. He has been 
lately occupying their pulpit. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



Scene — the Sanctum. Enter Exchange Editor 
and Successor Elect. 

E. E. — " There are papers and papers, and it 
will take you some time to get accustomed to them. 
Tou will find yourself tempted to believe that papers 
like the Williams Athenceum and the Brunonian 
here, which look so fair outwardly, must be full of 
something better than dead men's bones within. 
You will learn better in time, however." 

■ S. E. — " But what are your chief exchanges 
like?" 

E. E.— "Like? Why various things. The 
Dartmouth, for instance, always reminds ns strongly 
of one of those unwasheu 'yaggers' who puts his 
head into the door with the cry, 'Got-a-sp'toon-yer- 
want-clean-oof?' The Round Table is like that 
bald-headed Medic who applauds so vociferously 
when others do, and hisses if the tide turns towards 
disfavor — equally ignorant of the meaning of the 
praise or the blame." 

S. E. — " You are not flattering, to say the least; 
how do you characterise the Harvard and Yale 
papers ? " 

E. E. — "Well, the Crimson is a gentleman. 
Somewhat pompous, it is true, and inclined to an 
over-consciousness of birth and condition, but a 
gentleman. The Advocate wants to be one, and may 
in time succeed,. although there are traces of the 
parvenu about it still. It is a fellow of ' good parts,' 
as the old writers say, and a deal of literary taste. 
As for the Yale papers, the case is quite different. 
The Record is a 'broth of a bhoy,' of Milesian par- 
entage. JIc carries his hands in the pockets of his 



flashy pantaloous; wears his cap on the side of his 
head, to look hard ; smokes a vile T. D., and indulges 
in the use of slang to an extent positively alarming. 
His brother Courant is far more pompous, and of 
hardly better manners. At first sight he seems to 
have little more wit than the Record, but is, after 
all, a fellow of some ability, if of little breeding. 
The two brothers quarrel savagely, and hurl epithets 
at each other which are bettor indicated by dashes 
than by letters." 

S. E. — " But Amherst and ' the great Cornell ' ? " 

E. E. — "Amherst Student is a nom de plume 
behind which is concealed a very pious old spinster 
of the Methodist persuasion. She sews pinafores 
for the neglected infants of Borrioboola-Gha, attends 
staid tea-parties where total depravity, as exhibited 
by the average college student, is the topic of dis- 
cussion; administers catnip to her favorite Grimalkin, 
and snuff to herself, in a highly decorous and praise- 
worthy manner. The Cornell Era is ' fearfully and 
wonderfully made,' and has such a remarkable 
appearance of inflation that the spectator constautly 
fears an explosion and a collapse." 

S. E. — " You charm mo with the prospect of such 
society ! " 

E. E. — "Oh, the whole coterie of college repre- 
sentatives have their moods of being agreeable, and 
are not usually all dull at once. But now that we 
take leave of them all, let us whisper to you a secret. 
You may as well know now what you will find out in 
time, — college journalism is a delusion and a snare. 
It is an enterprise in which the benefit is not at all 
commensurate with the labor. You will have ex- 
changes like the Niagara Didex which is sometimes 
witty, and always — may the mention of it be for- 
given ! — has a dirty face. Exchanges earnest and 
school-girlish like the Vassar Miscellany ; dull and 
well-meaning like Packer Quarterly ; lively and 
shallow like the Mercury ; exchanges little and big; 
dull and clever. None of them will bo without 
traces of earnest endeavor and patient thought. 
But the endeavor has no self-reliancy, and the 
thought is crude; both had better bo confined to 
themes, or to the essays of the local literary society 
or lyceum. Our own attempts have made us in- 
wardly forgive the faults of others, however harsh 
our speech seems; yet it cannot make us blind. 
And so, though with the half-regret which always 
mingles with the most joyful parting, we with a 
feeling of relief, take leave of the whole college 
press. Enter, oh, Successor, into your kingdom." 
—Exit. 

S. E. (solus) — " He was always a misanthropical 
youth. Now we arc rid of him we shall turn over a 
new leaf."— Exit. 
_ , 

OA.3ST BH 

SUCCESSFULLY TREATED 

Without the use of the 
KNIFE OR CAUSTICS 

And without pain. Address, 




203 Chapel St., 

NEW HAVEN, CONN., 

IiiiclosiiiR twenty-five cents for 

Pamphlet and Postage.