(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Bowdoin Orient"

lia 




VOLUME X. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Peederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Charles H. Cutlee, Chaeles Haggeety, Caeroll E. Haeding, 

K[oEACE B. Hathaway, John W. Manson. 

Feedeeic a. Fishee, Business Editor. 




BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 

BRUNSWICK, MAINE, 
1880-81. 



PRINTED AT THE JOURNAL OFFICE, LEWISTON, MAINE. 



INDEX TO VOLUME X. 



Alumni Association, The Portland 143 

Alumni, Bowdoin 169 

Athletic Association, The . 20 

Athletics 11, 23, 35, 50, 62 

Base-Ball 20, 48, 61, 77 

Beldagou, Our 1 54 

Boards, Meeting of the 102 

Boating 32 

Bowdoiu's Boom (Base-Ball) 36 

Bowdoin Stories 118, 130, 179, 203 

Bugle, The 138 

Cheating in College Studies 142 

Class Day .j 72 

Class Day Oration, The 66 

Class-Eoom Characters . : 28 

Cleavelaud Cabinet, The 6 

Clippings 11, 24, 36, 50, 62, 89, 102, 112, 

125, 150, 162, 173, 186, 208 

Commencement Day 73 

College Friendships 4 

College Glee Club, A 33 

College Items 9, 21, 34, 44, 59, 75, 87, 100, 

108, 123, 137, 148, 161, 171, 184, 195, 205 

College Room, What I saw in a 120 

College Singing and Musical Organization ... 41 

College World 1 1, 23, 35, 49, 62, 89, 

102, 125, 149 

Convention, Alpha Delta Phi 60 

Convention, Delta Kappa Epsilon 110 

Convention, Psi Upsilon 60 

Convention, Theta Delta Chi Ill 

Crews, The : 19 

Curriculum, The New 74, 83 

Drill, The 200 



PAGE 

Editorial Notes 1, 13, 25, 37, 53, 63, 79, 91, 

103, 115, 127, 139, 151, 163, 175, 187, 197 

Editors' Table 12, 24, 36, 50, 62, 90, 113 

126, 150, 174,208 

Exhibition, Senior and Junior 10, 143 

Exhibition, The Sixty-Eight Prize 58 

Experiences, Our 57 

Field Day 47 

Freshman Year, My 166 

Ivy Day 46 

Junior Customs 43 

Medical School, The 31 

Memorial Hall 121, 204 

Necrology, '79-'80 88 



Personal ....10, 23, 35, 49, 61, 78, 88, 102, 111, 

124, 138, 149, 163, 173, 186, 196, 207 

Psychology 165, 177 

Race, The Boat 45 

Race, Bowdoin Fall 97 

Resolutions 78 

Secret Societies 83 

Secret Societies, Early History of Our 29 

Sketch from Real Life 17 

Some Objections to Our College in the State. . 168 

Sophomore and Freshman Contests 85 

Sophomore and Freshman Customs 56 

Sophomore Year, My 181 

Sports, Our 105 

Stanwood, Robert G 84 

Stump Speech, My First 94 

Sunday Services 71 



INDEX. 



COMMUNICATIONS. 



PAGE : Some Present Needs of Our College 191 

Bates Student, A Reply to 132,147 gports Our • 135 

Base EuDDing 8 subjects, Our 159 

Bugle, Support of the 



Boat-House Debt ■ .135 



Composition Writiug 144 

Curriculum, The New 106 



Wanted, a College Dictionary 183 

POETRY. 



District School Teacher, The 



Cash Account, My 6 

Clara 142 

145 Class Poem 69 



Drill, Important Letters on 192 

Drill, The 86, 98, 133 

Editorial on Psychology, A Reply to 182 

Evangeline 190 

Field Day 21, 160 

Good Manners 33 ^ . „ 

LatTu Poets, I ranslations from . 

Library Catalogue 7 Local Lyric 



Fragment, A 31 

Genius and the Fish 16 

Hazy Past 82 

Ivy Poem 40 

Kiss Me, Lucile 179 



28 



Mail Box, The 122 Moonlight ...^ 166 

Musical Association 134 „ , 

Orpheus 203 

Needed Reforms 146 Our New Neighbors 56 

Out-Door Seats 33 Passage, The 19 

Positiveness 157 Rec[uited 57 



Reading-Room 122 Voices of Spring . 



.204 




,#in 




BRUNSWICK, MAINE, APRIL 28, 1880. 



Vol. X. 



No. 1. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 
Charles H. Cutler, Horace B. Hathaway, 

Frederic A. Fisher, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, John ~W. Manson, 

Frederick C. Stevens. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Tol. X., No. 1.— April 28, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 1 

Literary : 

Translations from Latin Poets (poem) 4 

College Friendships 4 

My Cash Account (poem) 6 

The Cleaveland Cabinet. — 1 6 

Communications : 

Librarj' Catalogue 7 

Support of the Bugle 8 

Base Running 8 

College Items 9 

Senior and Junior Exhibition 10 

Personal 10 

College World 11 

Athletics 11 

Clippings 11 

Editors' Table 12 



EDITORIAL HOTES. 



The preface is rarely written until the 
author has finished his work ; the reason is 
obvious : The preface and. the work m ust be 
harmonious, and it is easier to fit the hat for 
the head — to adapt the preface to the work. 

As we attempt to raise our hats, in a 
graceful manner, to " our friends and patrons," 
we are conscious that our editorial head has 
not matured in its breadth and profundity. 



If we modestly wear a hat that fits us now, it 
may yet rest uneasily upon our expanding 
brow; on the other hand, should we assume 
a hat of pretentous proportions we may 
become the objects of ridicule. With chilling 
sarcasm an exchange remarks: "The new 
Board of Editors enters the arena of college 
journalism with a becoming bow, modestly 

declares its intention to make the the 

true representative of Alma Mater, etc. It 
is amusing to note how these new editors fill 
their paper with promises which they never 
fulfil." In our nringled perplexity and enthu- 
siasm we may affirm that we expect to gain as 
we go, and receive support as we deserve. 



The past year has been one of considerable 
change and activity in our college life, and, from 
indications, the next will witness this in a still 
greater degree. The Orient, during the next 
year, will continue to strive to preserve all 
that is good from the past, and to further the 
true interests of the college and its students. 



We ouglit, perhaps, to give early notice 
that, in accordance with the constitution 
adopted by the retiring Board of Editors, we 
shall select our successors with regard to the 
worth of their communications, and no one 
shall be eligible who has not contributed. It 
has always been understood that the high and 
mighty editors of the Orient look with favor 
upon those who write for their columns, but 
until the last year the above-mentioned plan 
has not been a well defined and established 
principle. As has heretofore been remarked, 
this regulation is adopted in some of the 
larger colleges and it is one which commends 
itself. Allow us to say to the members of '82 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



that it is very difficult to judge of the merits 
of a writer by one communication. Modesty 
forbids us to add that we hope to show the 
same good sense in the choice of our success- 
ors which the preceding Board have evinced ! 



We send the first number of tlie new vol- 
ume of the Okient to many Alumni. To all 
interested in the welfare of the college and 
its work, it is of the highest importance that 
they should take our college paper, and thus 
keep informed of what is going on here. 
Those who have been out of college fifteen 
years or move can hardly realize the important 
place college journalism now occupies in the 
modern college, yet the way in which to 
understand college life of to-day is hj reading 
the college papers. Occasionally the Orient 
has received communications from Alumni. 
These have always been favorably received 
here and elsewhere. We shall be glad to 
receive these contributions at any time. 



We regret to learn that the plan of 
opening the lectures before the Bowdoin 
Philosophical Club to the upper classes, as 
announced in the local columns of the Orient, 
has been given up. We are informed, not by 
rumor merety but upon good authority, that 
some" members of the Faculty were desirous 
that the students should receive the benefit 
of these lectures. 

Considering the few opportunities offered 
us for attending lectures on general educa- 
tional subjects, we think that any one will 
admit that the students should be granted 
this slight privilege. The only lectures open 
to us at present are the Saturday Evening 
Religious Lectures, and for these we are in- 
debted to the venerable and ever faithful 
Prof. Packard. Tiie pi'ofessors, if there are 
an}'-, who expect to make their papers too 
philosophical for the comprehension of aver- 
age student may be assured that on such 
occasions students will make themselves con- 



spicuous only by their absence. In their 
final decision we hope that the Faculty will 
take into consideration the advantage which 
we might derive from these lectures. 



We feel sure that we express the feelings 
of every member of the Junior Class when 
we speak in praise of the faithful and pains- 
taking manner in which the Chemistry and 
Astronomy of last term, under Prof. Robin- 
son, were conducted. In Chemistry, lectures 
alternated with practical work, and, at the 
close of the term's work, Astronomical talks 
were given on points not fully treated in the 
text. The lectures aimed at practical instruc- 
tion on the subjects taken up. The manner 
in which the practical work in Chemistry was 
conducted must have involved no little trouble 
in preparation of materials, to say nothing of 
the martyrdom the instructor must go through 
in examining nasally the contents of number- 
less test-tiibes. Under Prof. Robinson, a 
student may be sure of learning all of which 
his receptive faculties are capable, and of get- 
ting ftill credit for what he does know. We 
are sure that all who have been under his 
instruction will unite in a vote of thanks for 
pleasant and faithful treatment. 



It seems to be the choice of many of our 
students, who, by their standing in scholarship, 
have received appointments for the exhibition 
at the close of each term, to shun in any 
possible way the preparation and labor of 
taking part in these exercises. While we 
admit that many have a natural dislike for 
any public display of this kind, we claim that 
this dislike is not a sufficient excuse for beg- 
ging off. This getting excused, however, is 
not confined to the timid speaker. It is more 
often the lazy and selfish, who think that 
since this work adds nothing to their rank 
they will not put themselves out any, if it can 
be helped. They forget that they have taken 
the right of representing the whole body of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



3 



students, and that those appointed with them 
have a right to demand their assistance in 
making a creditable appearance. If the feel- 
ing of justice is not sufficiently strong to urge 
a student to acquit himself honorably of this 
duty, we would suggest that some means be 
taken, by those interested, to compel that 
which should be done of its own accord. 



The time approaches when we shall hold 
our annual Field Day, and it may not be out 
of place to say here that much of its success 
depends upon the officers of the Athletic 
Association. 

It often happens that until the time for 
printing the programme arrives, there ai-e no 
entries for any of the contests, and no one 
can tell whether the meeting is going to 
be one of interest or not. This should not 
be so. Neither should the programme be 
changed after it is issued ; because where it 
is an object for one class to carry off more 
honors than another, there is apt to be a little 
trickery to fix certain contests in such a way 
that only the men of one class will be en- 
gaged in them, thus gaining credit for a vic- 
tory over nothing. 

There is no reason why we should not 
excel in all the field sports this year. The 
gymnasium has been in use all winter, and 
many of our athletes are in the best eondi- 
tioD, and, as far as we can learn, there is a 
decided wish to improve upon the records of 
last year. We would, therefore, urge ujjon 
the officers for Field Day, the desirability of 
laying out their programme early and of se- 
curing the interest of all bj^ offering prizes 
upon which the winners need not be ashamed 
to have their names inscribed. 



During last fall and winter an attempt 
was made by the Bowdoin Boat Club to 
arrange a four-oared race with some other 
colleges, first with Amherst, Brown, Dart- 
mouth, Wesleyau, and Williams ; and, later. 



with Cornell, Columbia, and Wesleyan ; but 
it was found impossible to make any definite 
arrangements, and it is chiefly for this reason 
that no crew will be sent from here this year. 
As we had not entered an inter-collegiate 
race for sometime, it was very necessary to 
begin preparations early in the season. 

The committee chosen to solicit funds 
from the Alumni meet with very good success, 
and there is little doubt that money enough 
could be raised for sending a crew next year 
if we should conclude to do so. We learn 
from the Harvard Echo of the 19th inst., that 
Cornell, Columbia, and Wesleyan have finally 
agreed to a race, probably open to other col- 
leges, and to be rowed " at a time and place 
to be agreed upon." Possibly a permanent 
association may be formed which will make 
some certain arrangements for a race next year. 

As no college crew will be sent from home 
this season, all our energies can be given to 
the contest for the class championship ; and 
it is to be hoped that each class will be repre- 
sented by a crew. 

With four contesting crews, and the benefit 
of our winter's training, it is not unrea- 
sonable to expect a close contest for the 
championship and a still better record than 
last vear. 



The base-ball season opens with a very 
good prospect before us, and will, no doubt, 
exceed in number of games played any former 
season for some years. 

The nine seems to be in excellent working 
order, all vacancies occasioned by loss of last 
year's players being well filled. The idea of 
forming a second nine is a good one, not only 
on account of the practice they give, but as 
it keeps available men ready to fill any va- 
cancj- which may occur in the college nine. 

There is evidently a great deal of inter- 
est taken in what the boys are doing, their 
daily practice being closely watched by many 
of the students. 



BOWDOm ORIENT. 



While, to insure the success of the nine, 
constant work is necessary on their part, it 
should not be forgotten on ours, that it requires 
money to keep a team in the field, and if men 
are compelled to iAa,y with broken and heavy 
bats, and with balls furnished by individual 
players, things will not run smoothly, and 
interest will die out. 

If we want a good nine, one that will 
work willingly and strive to be a credit to the 
college, we must loosen our purse strings and 
show them, by furnishing whatever they 
need, that their endeavors are appreciated. 

Unless the members of the association 
paj' their dues promptly nothing can be done 
by the manager to repair the Delta or pur- 
chase necessary articles. Mr. Wilson is ar- 
ranging games with all the New England 
college nines, and unless something unlooked- 
for occurs, we shall have the pleasure of see- 
ing some good games here. 



LITERARY. 



TRANSLATIONS FEOM LATIN POETS. 

CATOLLUS.— RITES AT HIS BEOTHEE'S TOMB. 
CI. 

Through many lands, o'er many waters borne, 

I come, O brother, and thy tomb behold. 
To pay thee death's last gift forlorn, 

And call upon thy ashes mute and cold 
For fate has taken from me even thee — 

Alas, my brother, dead unworthily ! 
Yet now the rites which sprang of former years, 

And which, as did our fathers, I outpour, 
Eeceive thou, mingled with a brother's tears, 

And evermore farewell, for evermore. 

LUCEETIUS. — A DIEGE. 
LIB. III. 

"Now thy dear home shall never greet thee more, 

Nor best of wives ! nor darling children run 

Again to share thy kisses, and so fill 

Thy breast with silent pleasure ! Thou canst not 

Win any longer glory by great deeds. 

Nor be thy country's guardian. Hard, hard fate ! 

One cruel day has taken from thee all 

Life's many dear delights." So mourn thy friends 

But add not, in their sorrow, " Unto thee 

No longer is there need of things like these." 



Could they but well believe it in the heart 

The trouble and the fear would leave their souls. 

Thou, then art safe, upon thy couch asleep 

Art safe forever, freed from all life's ills ! 

But we around the gloomy urn that holds 

Thy sacred ashes shall insatiate weep. 

And unto us no day will ever rise 

To take the eternal sorrow from the breast. 

VIEGIL.— A EUEAL SCENE. 
ECL. I. 

Happy old man, then thy farm will still remain in 

thy keeping. 
Ample enough for thy needs, though naked stones 

in abundance, 
Swamps, with bulrushes slimy, do mar the face of 

thy pastures ! 
Food unaccustomed thy ewes will never distress and 

make sickly. 
And from the neighboring flock no baneful contagion 

will harm them. 
Happy old mau, thou here, by streams beloved and 

familiar, 
And by the watersprings, wilt lie in the shadowy 

coolness ! 
Close by thy side, as always, the hedge on the 

neighboring roadway. 
Swarming with bees Hyblaean that feed on its 

blossoms of willow. 
Often will win to thy eyes sweet sleep by its mur- 
murous whispers; 
Under the deep rock yonder the pruner will sing on 

the breezes ; 
And, meanwhile, will thy pets, the pidgeons with 

hoarse-sounding voices. 
And in the lofty elm, the turtle-dove moan as 

aforetime. 

Ajionvmous. 



COLLEGE FRIENDSHIPS. 

Friendship, according to one, is an attach- 
ment between persons of congenial disposi- 
tions, habits, and pursuits. Let us consider 
the matter of friendship in some, at least, of 
its varied aspects. 

The very nature of man demands friends. 
" It is not good for man to be alone " was said 
ages ago but there is just as much truth in it 
now as ever. He needs some one with whom 
to converse, with whom to share his affections, 
some one to be a companion, to relieve him 
from solitude. One cast away on an un- 
known, uninhabited island where there was 
no communication with any others, would be 
likely to forget his native language, forget 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



even how to speak at all from having no one 
with whom to talk. As wealth would be of 
little worth to one in his condition, and if he 
were in a desert spot, would be only a mock- 
ery, so, however pleasant might be his sur- 
roundings he would long for companionship 
and would willingly have that at the expense 
of bodily comfort. When one is in difficulty 
his first thought is to look for some fiiend to 
assist him. 

There have been friendships famous in 
story for their strength and the degree of 
affection between the parties. Witness that 
of David and Jonathan, or Damon and 
Pythias. 

Yet there have been friendships formed, 
parties to which would have been far better 
off if alone. There have been many made 
for the sake of self-interest, to gain some 
private advantage merely. Such are political 
friendships — made for the purpose of further- 
ing some pet scheme, where the lobbyist takes 
you around, takes you to ride, professing 
eternal friendship and a great liking for you, 
and at last it leaks out that he has a very 
worthy bill that if passed would be the salva- 
tion of the country and himself, but the loss 
of which would be a great misfortune. So 
he delicately insinuates that you had better 
help along such a good cause. 

With many, friendship is only a name, 
falling far short of the devotedness of those 
famous examples before mentioned. 

But let us not commit on our side the 
fault of cynicism. Let us not be disposed to 
look with suspicion on all the rest of the 
world. We cannot justly say that all friend- 
ships are contracted only from self-interest, 
and that none are real and earnest. 

Here, too, in our college world, for we 
have a little world here all to ourselves, a 
reproduction of the world at large, as we 
have heai'd said often enough, but none the 
less truly, here too, the necessity for friend- 
ship is something real. When a man comes 



here for the first time, knovring nobody, all 
ways and faces strange to him, how pleasant 
it is to find a friend, to come upon some one 
who will play the pait of a real friend in 
doing him some service however slight, in 
rendering some information, giving some 
trifling direction. The consciousness of hav- 
ing such a friend at hand makes a bright spot 
in a sky perhaps otherwise dull. 

" Birds of a feather flock together," says 
the old proverb, and it is no less true when 
applied to the forming of fiiendships among 
human birds. Hard characters wiU associate 
together just as naturally as streams of water 
will run into one pool when the ground in- 
clines that way. There seems to be some 
sort of an afl&nit}', chemical, or what you 
please, that draws them together. We are 
somewhat doubtful if such associations may 
with propriety be called friendship — certainly 
they cannot in the highest sense in which we 
understand friendship. 

Then there are friendships formed — and 
close ones, too, — between those of the most 
unlike habits or character. Smokers and non- 
users of the weed, lazy men and active, men 
of opposite political views, opposite creeds, 
opposing societies, are, like the millennium 
lion and lamb, found lying down together in 
the most peaceable relations. However, we 
think the closest friendships must be among 
those of similar thoughts, likes and dislikes. 

In college, too, as elsewhere, friendships 
are made which, so far from bringing good to 
the parties, are productive of evil to one or 
both. One who is careless in regard to his 
duties, who is a man of bad habits or lan- 
guage, being brought into companionship with 
another who means to do the best he can, who 
wishes to be moral from a sense of decency 
if from no higher motive, but who is too weak 
to stand out alone, and either fears ridicule 
or "doesn't like to say anything," such an 
one can be of incalculable harm. The ways 
in which friendships may operate for ill are 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



countless. One, perhaps, is obliged to prac- 
tice economy in order to carry himself along, 
while his " chum," his friend, has or appears 
to have plenty of money, at any rate spends 
it freely ; he is tempted to imitate his example 
just to "keep up appearances." Though the 
other be only thoughtless — assigning him no 
bad motive — yet his influence has bad results. 

One is anxious to study and make the 
most of himself, while his companion does 
not care anything for study and only plans 
how he may get along over his books most 
easily, and constantly hinders and makes fun 
of his plodding friend, who by that means 
may be kept entirel}^ from the mark he set 
out to reach. Still worse will be these cases 
when one sets himself deliberately at work 
to injure his fellow, and does it under the 
guise of apparent friendsliip. There are a 
great many of the dog-in-the-manger nature, 
whom it seems to giieve to Iiave any body 
about them better than themselves, and so 
they labor hard to reduce others to their own 
low plane. We would be glad to be able to 
believe that there were no such, but it must 
be admitted that not all friends are true ones, 
just as much as glitter is not a sure sign of 
gold. So, then, care must be taken in select- 
ing friends, to examine the character of those 
in whom we put confidence, and to admit 
none to the close relationship of a friend 
whom we do not know, lest we find ourselves 
in relations distasteful to us, or that we have 
given over our hearts to those utterly un- 
worthy, and who will have no scruple against 
throwing us over at their own caprice. 

School and college friendships are the 
firmest and most enduring in their nature of 
any that are formed. There is an intimacy in 
college life and class relations that bind mem- 
bers with the utmost closeness. We should be 
glad that it is so, that there is anything that 
will make such a union which may be a vast 
power for good. The graduate renews year 
by year, ties which only death can effectuall}^ 



loosen, and so we may in future years look 
back to when we were " tenting on the old 
camp-ground," and think of "happy times 
we've had together." 



MY CASH ACCOUNT. 

My father taught me— bade me well 
To keep the debt and credit side, 

As I, a Freshman, put away 

Paternal bonds, then first untied. 

With filial reverence I obeyed. 

But soon my heart was sore depressed; 
Alas ! I found that sundry things 

Were inconveniently expressed ! 

At length I hit upon a plan : 

Cigars, not few nor far between, 

Billiards and bets, horses and wine, 
I charged them all as kerosene. 



I thought to see his brow coutract. 
His bosom swell, his eyelids fill — 

Like Captain Bates, when the end-lamp man 
Presents by far too large a bill. 

A gracious smile suffused his face 
As sunlight on the meadows greeu : 

" My son ! How studious you've been ! 
You've burned a barrel of kerosene ! 

But did there lurk a twinkle of fun ? — 

I need not say that no amount 
Of fatherly cajolery 

Could make me keep a cash account ! 



THE CLEAVELAND CABINET.— I. 

An account of this cabinet, to be com- 
plete, must begin with sketches of the build- 
ing in which it is situated, and of the revered 
man, a large portion of whose life was 
passed in establishing this cabinet. 

Massachusetts Hall is the only building 
we have which may be regarded as really 
venerable. In this building during the first 
years of the college, every department had 
its seat ; the President, the one Professor, 
and the half-dozen students lived in it ; there 
recitations and chapel exercises were held, 
and the only call to prayers was the rap of 
the President's cane on the floor. As the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



college inci'eased in numbers, a new house 
was built for the President, and a building 
for the students was erected. This left the 
old hall vacant for new uses. When the fine 
collection of paintings presented by Hon. 
James Bowdoin arrived, they were assigned 
to two rooms in this building. In 1820 the 
medical school was opened in a part of this 
building, and remained there until in 1860 
the present commodious Adams Hall was 
erected. 

But the most interesting fact in the his- 
torjr of this building is that here Prof. Cleave- 
land performed his great work in the sciences 
of Chemistry and Mineralogy. 

Mr. Cleaveland came here as Professor of 
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, but his 
attention was soon drawn to Chemistry and 
the new science. Mineralogy. At first his 
specimens were all kept in his laboratory, the 
room which had formerly served as the Presi- 
dent's laundry and kitchen, but as his collec- 
tions increased, very soon nearly two-thirds of 
the whole building were occupied bj^ this de- 
partment. 

Early in the Professor's connection with 
the college, some men blasting near the falls, 
discovered quantities of quartz crystal, and 
iron pyrites. In the ignorance of Mineral- 
ogy then prevalent, these minerals were mis- 
taken for very precious treasures. But Prof. 
Cleaveland, by his classification of them, 
obtained high praise from Prof. Dexter of 
Harvard. From this time the Professor de- 
voted himself assiduously to Mineralogy, 
and, in spite of the poverty with which he 
had to contend, within a few years he pub- 
lished his work on Mineralogy, which won 
for him the title of father of that science. 

From the history of the collections which 
was read at the opening of the cabinet, we 
gather the following facts : 

The collections of Prof. Cleaveland were, 
with the excei^tion of a few large donations, 
acquired by exchange of Maine minerals for 



those of other rich districts. The Professor 
employed chiefly for this purpose the follow- 
ing ; Molybdenite, Cyanite, Stamolite, Lepid- 
olite, and various micas, especially a green 
variety of Muscovite. The latter was found 
in an immense bowlder on the edge of the 
cliff below the Falls of the Androscoggin. 
The exchanges were conducted with such 
men as the following : Berzelius, -Brongniart, 
Bruce, Codman, Gibbs, Plaiiy, Hitchcock, 
Rogers, Silliman, Torrey, and Webster. 

This accounts for the fact which excites 
so much surprise among the visitors, that our 
cabinet possesses very many specimens au- 
thentically named by the leading Mineralo- 
gists thirty years ago. Among the larger 
individual collections, which make up the 
cabinet, are the Hairy collection, the gift of the 
Hon. James Bowdoin, and the minerals of 
the first Geological survey of Maine. 



COMMUHICATIONS. 



LIBRARY CATALOGUE. 

Editors of Orient: 

There is a decided need of some new 
and better method of cataloguing our 
library. It is evident that by the additions 
of the society libraries it will be at least 
necessary to revise the old catalogues, which 
never have been of much practical value, and 
why would it not be well to have a card cata- 
logue, as the best college libraries elsewhere 
have ? With such a catalogue, well arranged, 
it would be a matter of but little time and 
trouble to find and procure any book one 
might wish, whereas now it requires the bet- 
ter portion of an afternoon to decide what 
will bear upon the subject in mind, and to 
find it. No fault can be found with our 
librarian or his assistants, who are always 
ready and willing to assist each and every 
one, but we can not always find them at 



8 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



leisure, and even if we do, they are often at 
a loss themselves where to look. There are 
many who scarcely enter the library, except 
for the benefit of visiting friends, simply be- 
cause it is so much bother to procure books, 
which, were it done away with, might induce 
many to procure and obtain the advantage of 
the valuable books which are now dust-worn 
for want of aise. There is by no means, the 
interest there ought to be taken in our library, 
and why would not this change in some way 
do away with this much-to-be-regretted lack of 
interest. B. 

SUPPORT OF THE BUGLE. 

Editors of Orient : 

We wish to call attention of the students, 
especially the class of '81, to the financial loss of 
their Bugle editors for this year. There are 
several important reasons for this, the prin- 
cipal ones of which are these two : many who 
subscribed have not taken their Bugles, some 
have taken none at all, others only a part ; 
the other cause is the expense of this issue, 
which was somewhat greater than that of 
former years, because of more numerous and 
costly cuts and a better quality of paper. Of 
the first reason but little can be said; the 
generosity of manj'', when looked at as a 
thing of the future, is much larger than their 
purse, but they should look upon this matter 
as a matter of honor, and should be willing 
to forego some personal pleasures in order to 
keep their word and not to disappoint others. 
Concerning the second reason, it is something 
our class should be proud of and approve of. 
Our editors have deserved high credit for the 
work they have done, and we are all glad to 
claim it as an honor to the class. The publi- 
cation was in every way satisfactory ; it was 
something we could willingly send to our 
friends as an every-day insight of college life. 
Now is it right that the editors chosen by the 
class should personally pay for something 
which goes to do it credit ? Is not their work 



sufficient without putting them to a piivate 
expense of twenty-five or thirty dollars ? 
We claim that those who have not taken the 
number of Bugles they subscribed for cannot 
longer honorably refuse to do so, and we 
would ask many of the class who have not 
already subscribed to do so now, and thus by 
small individual expense a heavy load, when 
crowded upon a few, may be removed. 



BASE RUNNING. 

Editors of Orient ; 

We desire in no way to grumble at the 
management or playing of our base-ball nine 
of last year, both of which have proven as 
successful and even more successful than 
could be expected. But we think there 
might be at least one improvement made this 
year, and that is in base running. It is right 
here that the only important defect in the 
strength of the past season lay. As every- 
where else, base running has been considered 
here as secondar}^ to batting and fielding, but 
prominent base-ball men have begun to look 
upon it as of equal value, and the new score 
sheet adopted for this year's use is planned so 
as to bring this department of the game more 
into notice and give it the position it deserves. 
In the case of our nine, perhaps as much as 
another in the State, a deficiency in this 
respect has somewhat diminished the success 
of our team. It was very evident in one 
match where the score sheet showed for us a 
decided superiority in both fielding and bat- 
ting, yet a total score in favor of our oppo- 
nents that base running alone had beaten us. 
It is no exaggeration to say that in a match 
game of importance, one of the nine showed 
a inexcusable ignorance of even the positions 
of the bases. There must and should be 
some way to remedy this evil of last year in 
this year's team, and we hope and trust that 
it will be done, then, with the proficiency 
which it has formerly shown in batting and 
fielding, we have little to fear for its success. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



Spring suits. 

Term began April 13th. 

Second-hand books are in demand. 

Are you ashamed of your ancestoi's ? 

They say " Stib "' reached up and caught 
a heron. 

Can any one inform '• Doc " what " that 
H2O stands for '? " 

" Hercules " amuses himself by running 
around the bases in 15 seconds. 

Only one of our Faculty left to enjoy 
single blessedness. Happy man. 

It cost "Aitchey " a dollar to see him step 
out, but it was cheap at that price. 

Bill}' has his opinion of the Prof, that 
will ask a question outside of the notes. 

The Medics kick foot-ball a great deal, 
and have, apparentl)", suitable men for a good 
team. 

Plimpton, '82, dislocated his shoulder, and 
will, for the present, be unable to pull on the 
river. 

The Senior crew was the first to get on 
the river. They mean to carry off the cup 
at any cost. 

The college team played their first game 
of the season April 15th, defeating a picked 
nine, 30 to 1. 

Rogers, '81, has returned to college. He 
has been cultivating his voice of late, much 
to our sorrow. 

The Bowdoins will plaj^ the Harvards in 
Portland May 1st, or 31st, or upon both those 
dates, the 31st being a legal holiday in this 
State. 

The manager of the B. B. A. has made 
arrangements with the Trustees of Presump- 
scot Park of Portland, whereby he can use it 
foi' any game of ball. It will be put into 
good repair at once. 



The Medic twisteth into his moustache 
much wax, grasps his cane, and smiling com- 
placently, sallies forth, for the weather is fine. 

In Astronomy: Mr. J. — "Have the stars 
a proper motion ? " Mr. J. — " Professor, 
what do you understand by a proper mo- 
tion ? " 

Greene spent his vacation with friends 
upon the border of the "Nutmeg" State. He 
reports hunting in a hack to be an easy way 
but a very unprofitable one. 

Prof, in Chemistry : Mr. C. — " What is 
the principal use of Phosj)horous ? " Mr. C. 
— " To make soap," and when the Prof, said 
next, Mr. C. felt that he had made a match- 
less reply. 

The north-west room on the ground floor 
of Maine Hall, formerly used bjr the Athe- 
nian Society is being made over for the use 
of the praying circle, and will be ready in a 
short time. 

It grieves us to tell it, but it cannot be 
passed over in silence. The first words 
uttered by a prominent member of the pray- 
ing circle, while recovering from an anaesthetic 
were "Ante up." 

For once the scripture received its share 
of attention, but it was unkind to stick it so 
tightly to the bulletin-board that even one of 
our persevering Professors could only scratch 
off one corner of the leaf. 

Prof, in Psychology : Mr. S. — " In what 
part of the book are you most interested ? " 
Senior (maliciously) — " In the part near the 
eud, sir." Prof, mentally resolves to give him 
a zero the rest of Iris course. 

It is reported that the Faculty have formed 
a secret organization called the B. 0. X. — 
Bowdoin Philosophical Club, — and that they 
hold weekly meetings with closed doors and 
shutters, and no ordinary mortal has as yet 
penetrated the sacred mysteries of their fra- 
ternity. 



10 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Prof, in Ethics — " The action must be 
repeated to form the habit." Senior (who 
has been wandering from the question) — "Yes, 
sir, I was just coming to that point." Prof .— 
" Aliem, yes, I was thinliing it about time." 
And now that Senior meditates muchly upon 
how he will get even with the man of Ethics. 



SENIOR AND JUNIOR EXHIBITION. 

It is some time " after the fair," but we 
must not neglect to mention the Senior and 
Junior Exhibition of April 1st. Although 
occurring on that famous day, it was by no 
means an " April fool " affair. 

We would compliment the committee on 
a very neat and tastefully gotten-up pro- 
gramme, and congratulate them on the 
musical talent secured. 

Praise is due the speakers for a very cred- 
itable performance of their parts. The sa- 
lutatory was particularly well delivered for a 
speech in a " dead " tongue. Usually all 
that can be distinguished in such cases is 
" vos salutamus" but on this occasion, one 
having any knowledge of Latin could not have 
failed to get the drift of the orator's remarks 
as he complimented the President on his pub- 
lic services, and feelingly addressed the 
" Seniores, Jitniores, Sophomores, et Novitii." 
Adding only, that the parts were most of 
them delivered very naturally and with free- 
dom from mere declamation, we subjoin the 
full programme : 

MUSIC. 

Salutatory Oration in Latin. 

Fred W. Hall, Gorham. 
Chinese Immigration. 

Frank (Moulding, Lewistou. 
English Version from Tacitus. 

* William A. Gardner, Augusta. 
Signs of the Times. 

Eichard L. Swett, Brunswick. 



English Version from Mirabeau. 

* Carroll E. Harding, Hallo well. 
Ought we to Despise our Ancestors ? 

Henry B. Wilson, Portland. 



Memorial Oration by J. V. Mueller. 

* Frank E. Smith, Augusta. 
Compulsory Education. 

Geo. L. Weil, N. Andover, Mass. 



Too Much Governed. 
Napoleon IV. 



John Scott, Clinton. 



Frank Winter, Bethel. 
Theistic Bearings of Evolution. 

t Harry L. Maxcy, Portland. 
The Diver (English Version from Schiller). 

f * Clinton L. Baxter, Portland. 

* Juniors. t Absent. \ Excused. 



PERSONAL. 



[We earnestly solicit contributions to this column from 
anj' wlio may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'28. — Rev. Edward Francis Cutter, D.D., died in 
Charleston, S. C, March 28th. He was born in 
Portland in 1810, and graduated at Audover Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1831. He has been pastor of 
the Congregational churches in Warren, Belfast, 
Beardstown, 111., and Eockland; and was at one 
time editor of the Christian Mirror. 

'32.— Rev. Cyrus A. Bartol has recently published 
a book entitled " Principles and Portraits." The 
portraits coutain Channing the Preacher, Bushnell 
the Theologian, the Genius of Weiss, Garrison the 
Reformer, Hunt the Artist, Shakespeare. 

'35. — Rev. Stephen Allen, D.D., is re-appointed 
Presiding Elder of the Augusta District of the 
Methodist church. 

'36. — Epbraim Wilder Farley died iu Damaris- 
cotta, April 12th. He was born in 1818, and was a 
lawyer. He was a member of the Maine House of 
Representatives in 1843 and 1851-3, and a member 
of the Thirty-third Congress. In 1856 he was a 
member of the State Senate. 

'39.— Rev. C. F.Allen will preach during 1880-81 
at the Methodist church in Fairfield. 

'50. — A flourishing town in Dakota has recently 
been named Goodwin, iu honor of the late George 
P. Goodwin of this class. 

'51. — Gen. C. W. Roberts has been nominated a 
member of the Board of Superintendents of the 
Soldier's Homes. 

'51. — Hon. J. C. A. Wingate has been nominated 
U. S. Consul at Foo Chow. 

'56. — Rev. T. S. Robie is to preach during 
1880-81 at South Plymouth, Mass. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



11 



'60.— L. G. Downes has been elected delegate to 
the National Republican Convention from the fifth 
district, and L. A. Emery, '61, alternate. 

'62.— Rev. E. N. Packard recently preached the 
sermon on the 250th Anniversary of the Cougrega- 
tionalist church at Dochester, Mass. 

'65.— E. J. Millay has been appointed Attorney 
for Sagadahoc County. 

'69.— Col. Henry B. Quinby has been appointed 
a Commissioner of War Claims in Missouri. 

'71. — Rev. E. S. Stackpole will preach during 
1880-81 at Lisbon and Sabattus. 

'72. — Herbert Harris is a music teacher at 
Machias. 

'77. — Mr. Edgar M. Cousins, of the Senior Class 
in Bangor Theological Seminary, has accepted a 
call from the Congregational church in Cherryfield. 

'77. — H. H. Smith has been re-elected Supervisor 
of Schools at Machias. 



COLLEQE WORLD. 



Annual interstate oratorical contest of Western 
colleges at Oberlin, May 5th. 

The ladies' gymnasium at Oberlin, was almost 
wholly destroyed by fire the other day, with all its 
contents. 

Annual convention of Psi Upsilon, at Michigan 
University, with an oration by Clarkson N. Potter, 
May 19th. 

The Yale Glee Club realized $1,000 from its 
concert at Steinway Hall. This raises the fund ap- 
propriated to the navy to about $4,000, which is 
sufficient for all this year's expenses. 

Colby votes as follows on the Presidential candi- 
dates : Blaine, 73; Edmunds, 7; Tilden, 7; 
Grant, 5 ; Sherman, 2; Bayard, 2. A canvass on 
party preferences last term, resulted as follows: 
Republicans, 100 ; Democi'ats, 10; Greenbackers, 4. 

The New Yoi-k World gives this summary of 
the college votes on Presidential candidates : 

N.Eog. N.T.&N.J. Penn. The South. The West. Total. 
13 col. 12 col. 8 col. 6 col. 9 col. 48 col. 

Blaine 711 579 462 48 688 2,488 

Grant 634 5]4 130 55 305 1,638 

Bayard 500 375 161 407 87 1,531 

Sberman .589 246 48 18 251 1,152 

Tilden 66 55 33 164 65 383 

Edmund.s 248 40 14 302 

Seymour 30 40 9 63 18 160 

Tliurman 14 7 34 69 124 

Scattering 357 124 48 _ 60 174 872 

Total 3,159 1,973 898 849 1,771 8,650 



A memorial has been prepared at Oberlin by 
those interested in the spelling reform and signed 
by the members of the Faculty and others to be 
presented to Congress, requesting that body to ap- 
point a committee to investigate the needs of a 
change in our method of spelling. 



ATHLETICS. 

Cornell will adopt the Rugby game of foot-ball. 

Field meeting of Cornell Athletic Association, 
May 8th. 

Annual field meeting of lutercollegate Athletic 
Association, at Mott Haven, May 29th. 

The boating interest is reported as rapidly in- 
creasing at Hobart. Quite a large number of men 
are training for the college and class crews. 

The best record in the United States for running 
broad jump was made by J. J. Foohees, at the last 
field meeting at Columbia ; distance covered 21 feet 
8J inches. — Ex. 

The Yale-Harvard race will take place at New 
London on Thursday, July 1st. This is one day 
earlier than the announcement which has been going 
the rounds of the papers put it. 

The record in boating between Oxford and Cam- 
bridge stands nineteen to seventeen in favor of the 
former. Since 1870 Oxford has been victorious only 
twice, while during nine years Cambridge never 
won a race. 

The Columbia crew consists of 

Age. Ht. Wt. 

Chas. Eldridge, S. of Med., 24, 5.6 154 

T. A. Painter, Jr., '81, 21, 5.11 164 

A. H. VanSindern, '81,S. of M., 20, 6.2.J 175 

H. R. Muller, '81, ^19, 5.114 1654 



CLlIPPINGS. 



The German of term time is hardly as agreeable 
as that of vacation. — Ex. 

A Fresh translates from the Latin " maturosque 
patres," "the paternal mothers." — Ex. 

Prof, in Moral Philosophy— "Mr. K., what end 
has a mother in view when she punishes her child ? " 
Mr. K. blushes and sits down.— Vidette. 

We comeback to our daily grind in the full belief 
that a third term is unconstitutional, a terrible blot 
on the curriculum, and ought to be given up— to 
base-ball and boating. — Ex. 



12 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



As two Irishmen were passing a sign-post, one 
of them, looking up at it, exclaimed to his comrade : 
" Whist, Mike ; thread saftly owver the grave o' the 
dead. He was farteen years ould, and his name was 
Miles To Boston." — Spectator. 

Mr. Smarty (of the Sophomore class) returning 
from dinner and walking between two companions, 
meets a little French boy: Mr. S.— "Hallo, boy! 
How are you? Where's your dog?" L. F. B. — 
" I'm all right ; an' there's my dog 'tween 'em two 
men." — Ex. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



In the heap of exchanges on onr table we recog- 
nize a world of thought and actiou peculiar to itself 
Each paper is representative of the sentiment of its 
college. The care of issuing these journals must be 
one of the most beneficial portions of the college course. 
The uniform neatness and well-written contents of 
these papers show well the care and ability of the 
editors. Presumably there is between all these 
editors the common bond of a desire to issue a good 
paper ; hence each, knowing the diflSculties in the 
way, should have sympathy and charity for the 
others. We shall take up no " hereditary " quar- 
rels, and, indeed, we shall try to be on good terms 
with all. But if we do quarrel, the quarrels shall 
be all our own, and terminated, if possible, when we 
lay down the quill. 

Prom Harvard we have received the Crimson, 
Advocate, and Echo. Each of these is very inter- 
esting in its own way. In the Crimson we espe- 
cially admired the " Rape of the Bell " and the 
" Standard at Wellesley." In the Advocate the 
editorials, and the article on " Mistakes in College 
Life," are especially good. The Echo is an excellent 
example of a college daily. All its comments are 
directly to the point. 

In the Chronicle we find one of our most agree- 
able exchanges. There is an air of pains-taking 
about it which we miss in some other papers. Its 
literary articles, on subjects which elsewhere would 
be dry and uninteresting, are here treated in a 
very entertaining manner. The articles on " Class 
Spirit " and " College Politics " are of interest to the 
whole student world. But in our estimation the 
best point in the paper is its locals. These are 
abundant and well-arranged. 

In the Yale Courant the article of most general 
interest is the editorial discussion of Yale's position 



in regard to religion. It declares that " Yale is still 
a long way from any abandonment of her old-time 
position as a Christian college." " Slang " and " A 
new phase of Development " are humorous and en- 
tertaining. 

We find the Hobart Herald a very substantial 
paper. Its editorial notes are vigorous and well- 
written, some of them are of interest to college stu- 
dents everywhere. The article on Chaucer is a little 
heavy. The next article, " A New Era," is vigor- 
ously written and interesting. 

The Ttiftonian appears to be a paper which will 
always be welcome to our table. Its space for edi- 
torial notes is rather short. Its literary depart- 
ment is well filled. Its whole appearance shows 
that it is carefully gotten up. 

The College Argus is a well-written paper, 
straightforward and independent. There are two 
points in it which we will notice particularly as they 
seem to be as applicable to Bowdoin as to Wesleyan. 
The first is the rare phenomenon mentioned of all 
the Faculty being present at prayers one morning. 
History does not record that such an event ever 
occurred here. The remarks on the marking 
system will win approval everywhere. 

The last number of the Cornell Era is a most 
excellent one. The editorials are bright and to the 
point. The " Senior Statistics " is a well-written 
article and full of wit. Its locals are numerous and 
interesting. In the exchange coluinn the complaints 
coming from college papers are ably handled, and 
the reviews are very just. 

In the pile of exchanges, so many of which are 
dry and uninteresting, it gives us great pleasure to 
come across so bright and independent a paper as 
the Vassar Miscelhimi. Its literary department is 
agreeably filled with critical and descriptive articles, 
its " De Temporibus et Moribus" is excellent; in 
fact we can make no unfavorable comment on the 
number. We shall always gladly welcome this 
paper to our table. 

In Scribner's for May, Literary Criticism is repre- 
sented by Mr. E. C. Stedman's Study of E. A. Poe ; 
Art Criticism, by Wm. C. Brownell's Paper on the 
Younger Painters of America ; Modern Progress, by 
Theo. L. De Vinne's Paper on the Growth of Wood- 
cut Printing ; History, by Schuyler's Peter the 
Great. Besides these articles the Interest of the 
number is well sustained by Cable's " Grandis- 
simes"; Burnett's "Louisiana," and the usual 
amount of poetry, discussion of timely topics, 
etc. The Enghsh edition of Scribner's Magazine 
now amounts to 11,000 copies. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 12, 1880. 



No. 2. 



bowdoijst orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERY AIiTERNATB WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE TEAR, BT THE CLASS OF '81, T3F 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick 0. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Horace B. Hathaway, 

Charles Haggerty, Carroll E. Harding, 

John W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, aud items. Contributions must be accompaoied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post OBoe at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
To). X., No. 2.— May 12, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 13 

Literary : 

The Genius and the Fish (poem) 16 

The Cleavelaud Cabinet. — IT 16 

A Sketch from Real Life 17 

The Passage (poem) 19 

The Crews 19 

Base-Ball 20 

Athletic Association 20 

Comiuunication: 

Field Day 21 

College Items 21 

Personal 23 

College World 23 

Athletics 23 

Clippings 24 

Editors' Table 24 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



We hope that our subscribers and friends 
will see that those AA'ho advertise with us, are 
patronized in preference to those who do not 
do so. The advertisers have all been selected 
with care, and can be cordiallj' recommended 
by us as both honorable and profitable to deal 
with. The}' desire to help tlie college and 
the students, and it is partly by their liberality 



that we are enabled to publish the Orient in 
the form that we now do. This generosity 
of theirs should be reciprocated by us as far 
as is possible ; and this can easiest and best 
be done by trading with them, rather than 
with those who have told us that " they had 
fooled away money enough already, in giving 
to that paper and to the other shows of them 
students." 



The Acta announced in its last number, 
that on Thursday last they would state their 
decision, from the number and tenor of the 
letters they received, in regard to the calling 
of the meeting of editors to organize an 
Inter-collegiate Press Association. Though 
it is impossible for us to send a representative 
to New Haven, yet we hope that sufficient 
encouragement will be given, and that the 
association, if formed, will not disappoint the 
expectations of its founders. At present we 
fail to see what great benefits would accrue 
to the college press in general from its forma- 
tion ; but we certainly do think that even if 
not so profitable, it would prove one of the 
pleasantest of the various inter-collegiate 
associations. If success does attend it, the 
credit that is due should be given where it 
belongs, to the persistent and untiring efforts 
of the Acta for its establishment. 



The college library has just received as a 
gift from Professor Longfellow, the whole 
series of his famous " Poems of Places." 
They comprise thirty-one volumes in all, from 
the press of Houghton, Osgood & Co., and 
are of the greatest value to any one who 
would see and know what poetical gems are 
suggested even by the familiar places about 



14 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



us. Among them, on subjects in this vicinity, 
are those beautiful poems by the author, on 
"Prof. Parker Cleaveland" and " Morituri 
Salutamus," which seem indeed fitting to be 
included in the library of the college which 
he has done so much to honor. 

Professor Longfellow has been desiring 
for some time past to establish some central 
place in Boston at which books could be sent, 
intended for the college library. 

By this gift he has set a good example, 
and one that we trust will be imitated by the 
many friends of the college. 



There is an evident need of more class 
feeling to enliven the interest and produce a 
more general proficiency in base-ball through- 
out the college. At the beginning of every 
season it is found necessary to fill vacant 
places upon our nine from those who have 
been for years out of practice. If a piize 
were offered for the best class nine in college 
as for the best class crew, we would have in 
constant practice thirty-six men instead of ten 
or twelve from whom to choose the college 
nine. 

By the means of an annual prize to be 
held by the class which should produce the 
best nine, we might greatly add to the pres- 
ent weak assistance afforded by the class 
spirit, which in other matters has already 
proven a powerful agent for the general col- 
lege welfare. We hope that this suggestion 
will call attention to the importance of this 
matter, and perhaps add another interesting 
feature to our already enjoyable field days. 



The effects of the parsimony of the Ath- 
letic Association of last year is well illustrated 
in the cup which the Junior class now holds 
as the prize for the Tug of War. It is cer- 
tainly as good a one as could be expected 
from the amount of money that was appro- 
priated, but was necessarily of poor metal 
and worse workmanship, and never calculated 



to do much honor to the association as donors, 
nor class as winners of it. It has tarnished so 
much, standing exposed as it has in the library 
during the past year, that it is now hardly 
suitable to be placed on exhibition as a prize. 
As it is now, one would naturally be 
ashamed to point it out to visitors, and be 
obliged to explain what it is, and that the 
association that gave it had just divided six 
times the cost of this cup among its members. 
The association should not permit this to 
continue for another year. The cup can 
easily be brightened and changed so as to 
make a very good individual prize ; but as it 
is now, a class would almost prefer to be 
beaten rather than have its name connected 
longer with such an emblem of victor}'. The 
association has acted on this matter as it 
should, and now it remains for the directors 
to obey their instructions. 



When we asked in our last number for 
communications to our columns from the mem- 
bers of the college, we only called upon 
those who were aspirants to .the honoiable 
position of Obibnt editor, and entirelj' 
neglected the rest of the college. But be- 
cause in our hurry we did neglect them, we 
yet hope they will not neglect us simply on 
that account. The Orient is a college 
paper, and represents abroad the thought and 
sentiment of Bowdoin. But this it cannot 
truthfully be said to do, unless the student 
body contribute more largely to its pages than 
they have usually done in the past, and dis- 
cuss thoroughly and intelligently the various 
topics of interest that arise in the college. 
To be sure the Seniors are now nearly through, 
but from the interest they have always dis- 
played in college matters, we feel assured that 
our asking for its continuance through the 
columns of the Oeient, will not be in vain. 

The Juniors should now feel that the 
responsibility and success of the paper for 
the coming year lies on them, and that the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



15 



best way to manifest it would be to subscribe 
and contribute as largely as possible to its 
columns. There should be no need for per- 
sonal solicitation for this, for class duty and 
the good that will result should be a sufficient 
stimulus for it. 

To the Freshmen we can say that they 
can never commence too early. Plans now 
under consideration, and wliichmay be adopted 
during the present year, would make it of 
great advantage to those who have contributed, 
so that in the meantime they can well afford 
to make a beginning. 



The plan of the boating course on the 
Androscoggin has at last been received, and is 
for sale by tlie Commodore and First Director 
of the Boat Club. This was to have been 
ready early last term, but being destroyed in the 
burning of the building of the Boston Helio- 
type Compan}^, it has been delayed until the 
present. This plan has already been fully 
described in the Orient, and it is hardly 
necessary here to commend it at all. The 
accuracy and faithfulness with which the 
drawings and measurements have been made, 
and the degree of excellence which the work 
of tlie Heliotype Company insures, will not 
only make this valuable simply to the " Memo- 
rabil" hunter but also indespensable to one 
at all interested in boating, to compare the 
time and course of the crews each season. 

The cost of the plan has by far exceeded 
the estimates at first made for it, and will 
involve a considerable loss to those who have 
managed the affair, even if every man in col- 
lege will purchase one. At the low price 
that is asked for this, there is no one in college 
but what should take one, not only for the 
value of the plan itself, but also to help those 
who have expended both time and money in 
carrying this matter through. 



It has been announced through the news- 
papers that Mr. Soule, the Hop Bitters man, 



will give a cup worth five hundred dollars as 
a prize for a college regatta during the early 
part of the summer. Mr. Soule is truly 
generous in his support of nearlj'' all depart- 
ments of athletics, but very flattering success 
has not attended his efforts to promote them, 
especially boating, during the past year or 
more. Bowdoin would have liked much to 
have entered some college regatta this season 
if sufficient notice had been given for our 
needful preparations ; but as no definite and 
suitable arrangements were made in time for 
this, we were compelled to give up the idea 
of going abroad and concentrate our energies 
upon our class races. But just as we had 
made our decision, this great regatta was 
announced, and, though we regret to say it, 
we shall be obliged to stay at home from this 
also. One reason of course is, that we have 
not had time to prepare to meet the multitude 
of crews that are entering; but another and 
perhaps greater one with us, the fact that 
we cannot afford to have our boats sawed. 
We don't take very many around with us 
wherever we go, and it would incommode us, 
to say the least, to have any such carpentering 
done to them, as usually lingers around Mr. 
Soule's boating prizes. Wesleyan has also 
concluded to withdraw from outside regattas 
and attend to class races alone. So, from 
indications now, no college association will be 
formed for this 3'ear, and the only races that 
will be rowed are those that are arranged 
directly between the colleges. 



Why cannot we have singing in the chapel 
Sunday afternoons? We offer no apology for 
bringing up this subject now, for it is about the 
time that the annual urging is made for better 
singing in college. There has been no music 
in the chapel since the departure of '78, and 
it does seem strange that a class as small as that 
one was, should take awaj^ from the college 
all the energy and talent in that direction. 

The upper classmen can well remember 



16 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



how much pleasanter this singing used to 
make the monotonous chapel exercises of 
Sabbath afternoons, and this alone would well 
repay the musicians for their trouble. 

It has been objected that there is not suf- 
ficient material now in college to form such a 
choir as is needed. Tliis may be true, but no 
attempt has yet been made for this, and all 
that has been done in this direction has been 
to lay back and wish there was one. 

. Then the complaint also exists of there 
being no organization, nor anyone sufficiently 
interested in this to carry through a matter of 
this sort. To be sure there is none which 
has done anything of this kind, but there is 
one that could easily and properly do it. The 
Prajdng Circle might extend its efforts in this 
direction, and as it contains many fine singers 
among its numbers, they might carry through 
this matter very satisfactorially. The remain- 
der of the students would readily furnish them 
with all their lielp that is possible and necessary, 
and there is no reason, if they will take hold 
of the matter, but that they could make a 
success of it. We hope that this Avill be dis- 
cussed by them, and speedily too, and that 
again we shall have the pleasant Sabbath sing- 
ing that we had the first year of our course. 



LITERARY. 



THE GENIUS AND THE FISH. 

Once flowed a little, babbling brook 
Down through a quiet glen, 

Within whose bosom fishes took 
Their store of kuowledge in. 

Now o'er this brook a Genius swayed 
With stern and sturdy hand : 

There all the little fish that played 
He cast upon the land. 

Perchance some little flsh one day 

Were sporting in a nook, 
Near where a waiting fisher lay 

With basket, line, and hook. 



Just then the Genius too, appeared 

To drive the little fish ; 
But spying bait he nibbled, veered. 
Was landed in the dish. 

Elated with tliis famous prize 
Off went the fisherman, 

Where Genius ne'er can tyrannize 
O'er little fish again. 



THE CLEAVELAND CABINET.— II. 

During the later years of Prof. Cleave- 
land's life, the minerals belonging to Bow- 
doin College were dei:)osited in the second 
story of Massachusetts Hall. The minerals 
were numbered and properlj^ catalogued. 
The catalogues were carefully prepared by 
Prof. Cleaveland. One catalogue embraces 
the minerals belonging to the college; a sec- 
ond is devoted to the minerals belonging to 
Prof. Cleaveland ; a third comprises the Haiiy 
collection ; the fourth, the geological speci- 
mens contributed by the State. The Shat- 
tuck collection of shells forms an important 
part of the Cabinet. 

After the occupation of Adams Hall by 
the Medical School, in 1862, the upper story 
of Massachusetts Hall was not used for in- 
struction. In the course of a few years after 
this abandonment, it was noticed that the 
specimens were exposed to moisture after 
every heavy rain, and many of the numbers 
were becoming detatched and illegible. It 
was therefore thought best that the more val- 
uable specimens should be removed for safe- 
keeping to a room in Adams Hall. The min- 
erals had never been provided with written 
labels, so that it became necessary to prepare 
an entire suite. As far as possible the desig- 
nations previously given by Professor Cleave- 
land were retained, in order that the cabinet 
might not lose, in any degree, its distinctive 
character. This portion of the cabinet was 
used for mineralogical instruction. The re- 
maining specimens and many hundred dupli- 
cates, which had never before been exhibited, 
were arranged in the old cases. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



17 



Few who were acquainted with the Mu- 
seum, ill 1860, would liave noticed any change 
in 1870, and yet hundreds of specimens had 
been taken away for the formation of the 
duplicate cabinet. 

In 1873, Hon Peleg W. Chandler refitted 
Massachusetts Hall as it is at present arranged. 
Some had wished to remove the old building 
to make way for a more pretentous one. 
The generous act of Mr. Chandler prevented 
this change, and enabled the immediate reu- 
niting of tlie divided collections. Geological 
specimens and duplicates of minerals were 
placed in the wall-cases. The type speci- 
mens were arranged in the table cases in the 
body of the room. 

In the galleries of the cabinet are the ex- 
tensive ornithological collections, and the val- 
uable collections of shells. 

It is a curious and significant fact that 
Professor Cleaveland never attempted any 
scientific arrangement of his minerals. The 
natural system employed by him in his trea- 
tise was admirably adapted for the display of 
certain relations of the minerals. The con- 
jecture may be hazarded that the Professor 
saw, at an early period in his studies, that 
mineralogy would be sooner or later recon- 
structed and placed on a firm chemical basis. 
He further felt that it Avould not be wise to 
attempt this work of reconstruction with an 
unaided hand already over-burdened by pro- 
fessional work. The present arrangement is 
based upon chemical grounds, and is that 
generally adopted by mineralogists. In the 
order there are many vacant spaces. These 
empty boxes with their imploring labels may 
be construed by visitors as very significant 
hints. The boxes ought soon to be filled by 
exchange or purcliase. 

In this cabinet Mineralogy is well repre- 
sented, but Geology is rather neglected. 
Some friends of the college are agitating the 
question of erecting a new building to be de- 
voted to Geology. It is to be hoped that 



such a step may soon be taken, but let the 
friends of the college see that this imme- 
diate need is met at once. 



A SKETCH FROM REAL LIFE. 

He was an editor. Not one of those who 
make and mould public opinion through the 
medium of great dailies, but an editor on a 
less magnificent scale. His sphere of labor 
was confined to a college journal. He had 
succeeded in writing an article which " took," 
not only among the readers of his paper, but 
among exchanges as well, — a feat seldom ac- 
complished by mortal man. The "boss," by 
courtesy the managing editor, — had said to 
him : " Sam, you've made a hit. Give us 
another piece in the style of your last and 
it Avill make our reputation. Make it as 
funny as you can." Thus encouraged the 
youthful editor began to work with a light 
heart and a determined purpose. 

'Twas past the noonday hour. Lessons 
and lectures for the day were ended, and the 
editor had a little spare time in which he 
hoped to do his work. The young man was 
a firm believer in the adage, " Sufficient unto 
the day is the evil thereof," and was often 
compelled (?) by his maiij^ duties to reverse 
the old rule, and never do anything to-day 
which could be put off till to-morrow. Thus 
it happened that it was the day before the 
day on which the copy must be in the print- 
er's hands, ere the editor commenced his 
work. He lighted a cigar, and seized a pen, 
with the injunction, "Be as funny as you 
can," fresh in his mind. He wrote for seven 
minutes steadily, and in that space accom- 
plished seven lines containing just forty-seven 
words. He was getting along well. Then 
came a knock at his door. In response to his 
invitation to come in, there entered as he as- 
certained by actual enumeration, four Juniors, 
three Sohpomores, and two Freshmen. They 
were his friends, all of them, and undei- other 



18 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



circumstances he would have been glad to 
see them. As it was, he wasn't. But he 
made the best of the matter, put aside his 
writing, furnished pipes and cigars for the 
smokers in the crowd, and — made himself 
agreeable. It required some astute dissem- 
ulation to accomplish this last, for the ques- 
tion, " When will I finish my article ? " re- 
peated itself over and over again, and seemed 
to reverberate in his ears. At the end of an 
hour, his company departed and solitude 
again reigned in the editor's apartment, inter- 
rupted onl}^ by the rapid scratching of his 
pen. 

But he wasn't succeeding so well as he 
at first had been. After covering two pages 
with writing, he erased line after line, until 
only the original seven remained. These 
were decidedly humorous and he wished to 
continue as he had begun. Then came 
another knock. The editor, hesitating be- 
tween a curiosity to know who was there and 
a desire to finish his sketch, did not- at first 
respond. The knock was repeated. Curi- 
osity triumphed over prudence, and the un- 
known was rashly given permission to enter. 
It was a cigar pedlar ! For an hour did the 
youth vainlj' struggle to be free from his op- 
pressor. Then patience left him, and he told 
the garrulous vender of the narcotic prepara- 
tion where he would see him and his wares 
before he would purchase, and tlie cigar man 
departed. During the remaindei' of the after- 
noon, the editor was only intejrupted seven 
times by calls from spittoon cleaners, a book 
agent, a boy with his wash-bill, and others 
with business of a like nature. 

One of his callers was Tutor Markemlow 
who will probably never come again. As 
was said, the young man's patience was ex- 
hausted quite early in the day, and those who 
came after the cigar pedlar were warmly 
greeted. Tutor Markemlow came last. The 
only response he received to his knock was 
thus given : First, a huge stick of wood was 



hurled against the door, and after it were sent 
sundry imprecations in which yaggers were 
consigned to regions where there is said to be 
wailing and gnashing of teeth. Of course 
the editor thought it was a spittoon cleaner, 
— if he stopped to think at all, which is 
rather doubtful. But when Tutor M. opened 
the door, he was silent and opened not his 
mouth. Both were too much astonished to 
speak ; and the tutor, comprehending dimly 
that something troubled our hero, silently 
stole away. 

Six o'clock, — tea-time, and only two-thirds 
of a page written ! The work must be fin- 
ished before eight the next morning. The 
editor goes to his evening meal, as a man who 
walks in his sleep. He is absorbed in 
thought, and sweetens his tea with salt and 
puts vinegar on his toast, and yet observes 
it not. Only a few moments are necessary to 
satisfy his appetite, and he again returns to 
his room. The door is locked and he has not 
the key. He does not delaj', but bursts the 
lock, then lights his lamp and his pipe, and is 
once more ready for business. " Be as funny 
as 3'ou can ! " The words still ring in his 
ears, but now they seem a hollow mockery. 
Ah, woe ! Why did he ever attempt to be 
funny? Why had he so rashly sealed his 
doom ? But it was now too late for reflec- 
tion. And he writes, erases, and re-writes, 
then re-erases. Fifteen minutes have passed 
and he has got ahead but little. Then three 
classmates enter. " Come, Sam, a game of 

whist." " Whist be d esecrated ! " shouts 

tiie irate editor, and the boys retire. The fel- 
low in the next room then commences his 
evening cornet practice. Some noisj^ Sophs 
institute a horn blow, wliile tlie Freshman 
Glee Club holds a rehearsal. 

Through it all toils the patient writer, and 
through the silent hours of the night, — for 
there is silence at length, — and ere the morn- 
ing sun has gilded the eastern horizon he has 
finished — what? A masterpiece, a witty, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



19 



mirth-provoking sketch which shall secure to 
him the applause of the college world ? No ; 
but he has finished forever his humorous writ- 
ing, consigned the last of it to the flames and 
watched in fiendish glee, while they devoured 
it. He was as funny as he could be, under 
the circumstances; but that wasn't enough. 
Instead of the excellent production he had 
intended, he was compelled to send the printer 
an essay on " The Power of Ratiocination as 
developed under adverse conditions," which 
drew forth wonderful expressions of opinion, 
none of which were very complimentary, except 
that of the Professor in Psychology, who was 
loud in his praise of it. 



THE PASSAGE. 

"Oh, boatman," cries Lisette, 
"Across the stream I'd go, 

Maisje suis trap pauvrette 
Pour payer le bateau." 

" Coine daily, dear Lisette, 
I'll gire you passage free, 

And lightly float the shallop 
That bears my love and me.' 



—Ex. 



THE CREWS. 

One thing that speaks well for our boating 
interests tliis season, is the fact that each class 
is represented bj^ a crew. 

In a few days the attraction peculiar to 
this time of year, of tlie old stumps and bushes 
along the bank of the Androscoggin, will be 
felt by members of each class, and no doubt 
" early morn " will find them concealed near 
the water's edge, watch in hand, intent on 
taking the " time " of one of the crews. 

It is too early for any extended criticisms 
of the different crews. The Seniors were 
the first on the i-iver, and consist of the same 
men as last j^ear, with the exception of Gil- 
bert, who has had no experience in boating. 
They are working hard and give every prom- 
ise of being stronger than last year. They 
row in very good form ; the feathering being 



especially noticeable for freedom from " splash- 
ing." The following are the statistics of the 
crew : 

Age. Height. Weight. 

E. G. Spring (Capt.), bow 21 yrs. 5 ft. 10V4in. 150 lbs. 

J.Scott,No.2 28yrs. 5 ft. Sin. 165 lbs. 

R. 0. Gilbert, No. 3 23 yrs. 5 ft. 9% in. 150 lbs. 

W. S. Whitmore, strolie 21 yrs. 2 m. 5 ft. 11 in. 165 lbs. 

Coxswain G. S. Payson. 

Average age 23 yrs. 8 m. 

Average height 5ft, 914 in . 

Average weight 157Vj lbs. 

The Junior crew, which is the same as 
last year, has not become yet entirely accus- 
tomed to their new Davis rowlocks, but they 
are gradually getting again into their old, 
swinging stroke. The crew is in very good 
condition from the training of last winter, 
and with the advantage of having pulled 
together one season and become familiar with 
the stroke, will soon be rowing in good form. 
But they labor under some disadvantage of 
course, in being the lightest and smallest crew 
on the river. The crew is as follows : 

Age. Height. Weight. 

B. W. Larrabee, bow 20 yrs. 5 ft. 7 1-i in. 143 lbs. 

r. C. Stevens, No. 2 19 yrs. 5 ft. 6 in. 154 1-4 lbs. 

F. A. Fisher, No. 3 24 yrs. 6 ft. 8 1-4 in. 171 3-4 lbs. 

A. G. PettengiU (Capt.), stroke. . . 21 yrs. 5 ft. 9 1-4 in. 150 lbs. 

Coxswain E, H, Chamberlain. 

Average age 21 yrs. 

Average height 5 ft. 7 3-4 in. 

Average weight 154 7-8 lbs. 

The Sophomore crew has been obliged to 
work with substitutes in place of two of its 
regular members, and, therefore, no criticism 
can, as yet, be made about their style of row- 
ing. The men in the waist are new to their 
positions, and have had but little boating ex- 
perience before. They are to have a new set 
of oars with broader blades and longer " reach." 
The crew is as follows : 

Age. Height. Weight. 

W. G. Reed (Capt.), bow 21 yrs. 5 ft. 11 in. 160 lbs. 

W. A. Moody, No. 2 20 yrs. 5 ft. 9 1-4 in. 167 lbs. 

B. U. Curtis, No. 3 19 yrs. 5 ft. 11 in. 160 lbs. 

W. O. Plimpton, stroke 21 yrs. 5 ft. 7 in. 175 lbs. 

Coxswain A. G. Staples, 

Average age 20 yrs. 3 m. 

Average height 5 ft. 9 1-2 in. 

Average weight 165^ lbs. 

The Freshman crew is rowing in the for- 
mer class boat of '79, which has been repaired 
and reduced in weight. The crew seems to 
be in earnest, and is making very marked 
improvement. Of course considerable variety 
in the matter of stroke is still to be seen in 



20 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the rowing, but not more than ayouIcI iiaturallj^ 
be expected. The following is the crew : 

Age. Height. TVeigM. 

J. B. Reed, bow 22 yi-s. 5 ft. 11 in. 160 lbs. 

J. P. ■Waterman, No. 2 21 yrs. 6 ft. 10 1-2 in. 165 lire. 

F.P. Knight, No. 3 22 yrs. 5 ft. 10 in. ITOlbs. 

E. W. Chase (Capt.). stroke 20 yrs. 6 ft. 11 in. 165 lbs. 

Coxswain P.M. Fling. 

Average age 21 1-4 years. 

Average height 5 ft. 10 1-2 in. 

Average weight 162 1-2 lbs. 

All the crews are beginning work in 
earnest, and the contestants of last year seem 
very likely to improve their record and make 
the coming regatta an exciting one. 



BASE-BALL. 

Since the college will not send out a crew 
this year, we would call the attention of the 
students to the fact that they have good 
material for a nine, and that with proper sup- 
port tliey will undoubtedly leave a better 
record than any other nine we have liad for a 
long time. We do not speak about support- 
ing the nine, for the purpose of telling 3'ou 
that you have not answered in a generous 
maimer to the calls it has made upon you 
heretofore, because that would be an unjust 
complaint. But we want to tell you that the 
demands made upon you have been very liglit 
in comparison with that of other nines, and 
that now when you have a promising team, 
and the expense of sending out a college crew 
will not fall upon you, it is a good time to 
send out a nine. The boys would like to 
visit the different New England colleges and 
play, not that they anticipate any great 
victory, but because they have been entirely 
confined to this State, and have had few 
chances to meet with clubs that knew any 
more about base-ball than themselves. They 
claim that even though they ni4t witli defeat in 
every game, the experience gained would have 
at least a telling influence on their next year's 
playing. A series of five games will be 
arranged with Bates College if possible, and 
one of three with Colbj^ University. 



We give below the height and weight of 
the eleven men who have been working for 
the nine : 

Weight. Height. 

J. "W. Wilsou, Captain Vi'o 5.8 

J. W. Kcapp 186 5.9i 

V. A. Gardner. - 1?:? ^.Ui 

J. "W. Mausdu --- 174 5.11i 

A. Q,. Rogers 164 5.11i 

W. 0. Winter- 165 5.9^ 

H. L. Mascy 150 5.1Ui 

H. E. Snow 153 5.10 

G. Haajjerty 154 5.6 

C. H.Cntler 130 5.8 

F. B. Smith 130 .5.6* 

Averase 156 5-11 5.9^^ 



THE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION. 

The directors of the Athletic Association 
are making every preparation for a successful 
meeting the first of next month. The list of 
contests has alreadj^ been made out, and an 
active canvass begun for the entries. The 
list at present contains eighteen numbers, two 
more than last year ; enough certainly to give 
every man at least one in which he may 
exhibit his strength and skill. 

The entries are quite numerous consider- 
ing the eaiiiness of the season ; but they 
have all been obtained by personal solicitation 
of the directors, while the body of the stu- 
dents have not come forward as yet with any 
help in this direction. 

Mr. Robinson, aiding the sports by every 
means in his power as he always does, has 
offered to absent all those from gymnasium 
duty who Avill report to him beforehand of 
their intention to practice for Field Day dur- 
ing the regular hours allotted to such work. 
Thus any one at all able to enter any of the 
games will no longer have the old excuse of 
no sufficient time for practice. The prizes 
are promised to be much better than ever 
before, and if possible will be purchased 
before the meeting and placed on exhibition; 
as the association has already taken the suitable 
measures to enable the directors to cdrvy out 
this desirable plan. This year a new prize 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



21 



will be introduced which will be for the best 
average in all of the contests. By this it is 
designed to increase the number of entries, to 
stand in lieu of second and third prizes, and 
to encourage those entering to contest when 
the number is called. The average is made 
by counting the first as three, the second as 
two, and third as one, all beyond these are 
not to be taken into consideration. So the 
more contests that one enters, even if he does 
not win in all, the better average will he have 
at the end for this prize. The prize for this is 
promised by the directors to be one of the 
best, if not the best of all, and will doubtless 
encourage the man who can do a little of 
everything, but nothing particularly well. 

A prize will be offered this year as last, 
to the class which wins the most of the con- 
tests, and the interest in this will be doubt- 
less as great as it was then. 

Below is the list of contests : 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 

5. 

fi. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 



Tug of War. 
Puttiug Shot. 
Hurdle Race. 
Three-Lego-ed Race. 
220- Yards Dash. 
inO-Yards Dash. 
lOO-Yards Backward Dash. 
1-Mile Walk. 
1-Mile Run. 
i-Mile Run. 
Throwing Hammer. 
Runuiug Broad Jump. 
Hop, Skip, and Jump. 
Standing High Jump. 
Standing Broad Jump. 
3 Standing Broad Jumps. 
Running High Jump. 
Throwing Base-Ball. 



COMMUNICATION. 



FIELD DAY. 

Editors of Orient: 

There does not seem to be the interest 
taken by the body of students in the prepar- 
ations for Field Day that there should be. 
The boating and base-ball men have taken 
hold of matters with a vim and enthusiasm 



that insures success in those sports. The 
same commendable interest should be shown 
in the coming Field Day. The directors are 
doing all in their power, but their efforts will 
avail but little if there is not a general and 
hearty cooperation of the student-body. We 
should take pride in practicing for all the 
events of Field Day, that the records made 
may compare favorably with those of other 
colleges. There is every reason, providing a 
sufficient number will take an interest, why 
our Field Day of next June should be the 
best ever held by the association. We have 
sureh' as good material as heretofore, and 
added to this, more experience. If a suf- 
ficient number of entries are made for the 
events to warrant doing so, the directors in- 
tend to purchase prizes several days before 
Field Day and place them on exhibition. 
All should take an active interest in carrj-ing 
out this plan. 

Our Field Day is not secondary in im- 
portance to either boating or base-ball, and 
let us all take hold and with a pull, a long- 
pull, a strong pull, and a pull altogether, 
make the June meeting of this year a grand 
success. Besides other obvious advantages, 
a successful carrying out of our sports binds 
us closer together as a bod}^ of students and 
engenders college feeling and loyaltv. 

Quis. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



Breezy. 

Very breezy. 

Has spring come ? 

Ivy Day Jane 4th. 

Where are all the Field Day athletes ? 

Who fell over Prof. Condon's ash heaps ? 

The "yagger" is the only man of leisure. 

President Chamberlain has gone to Washington. 

The walks are receiving their yearly overhauling. 



22 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



How much can you write on civil service in two 
hours ? 

Tickets for Field Day are for sale by the 
Directors. 

They say " Major Willette " as a public speaker 
is a failure. 

The Juniors who were unprepared on their 
themes were treated squarely. 

The Sophomore crew are to have new oars from 
Douaghae of Newburg, N. Y. 

The class in Mineralogy is looking for the man 
that told them it would be easy. 

The President has been lecturing before the 
Seniors upon Political Economy. 

The plan of the boat course is for sale by Messrs. 
Wing and Spring. Price, 25 cents. 

Now that the May Carnival is over, it is hoped 
that time will be found to attend recitations. 

Mr. Johnson gave the Juniors an interesting lect- 
ure upon Goethe, and the characters in Faust. 

The Sophomore that spoke of " arduous liquor" 
probably meant hard cider, but it is not certain. 

All desiring Class Day and Ivy Invitations should 
order them at once of the respective committees. 

It is rumored that one of the Profs, made a 
friendly call upon several students at their rooms. 

Henry Clay says, " One day I don't get nothing 
to do, and next day I get jes' twice as much. 
Ya-as, sail ! " 

What a wail went up when the picked nine 
walked into the affections of the college team to the 
tune of 11 to 8. 

In Botany : " Mr. S., What can you say of the 
size of the bract ? " Mr. S. — " It is so small that it 
can't be absent." 

The Freshmen have received their new boat, 
and are as tickled as children should be over their 
new infantile playthings. 

Eev. G. W. Field, of Central Church, Bangor, is 
expected to deliver the Sermon before the Praying 
Circle, Baccalaureate Sunday. 

Some of the ladies were anxious to know where 
one of the pieces of statuary in the Carnival of 
Authors got part of his costume. 

Prof, in Mathematics — "Mr. Q., have you got 
your example ? " Mr. Q. — " Yes, sir." Prof. — 
" Did you have any trouble with it, Mr. Q.? " Mr. 
Q. — " No, sir." Prof.—" Isn't this something a lit- 
tle unusual for you f " 



A Junior on co-education : " Yes, gentlemen, 
co-education makes man more effeminate, and 
woman more masculine, and vice versa." 

Prof. Avery has an article in the American Ori- 
ental Society Journal, entitled " Contributions to the 
History of Verb Inflections in Sanskrit." 

The following Seniors have been appointed by 
the Faculty to contend for the '68 prize : Bartlett, 
Hall, Grindal, Scott, Wing, and Winter. 

It shows well for the morality of the college, 
when two Sophomores and a Freshman will spend 
all Sunday afternoon quarreling over which class 
attends Sabbath School the most regularly. 

Now is the time when the " tony " man care- 
fully shines his boots, goes forth upon the newly- 
flxed walks, and vigorously blesses our worthy Agri- 
cultural Professor, who slowly but surely doeth all 
things \\'&\\. 

Those boating men who have experienced the 
discomforts of the old boat-house, are loud in their 
praises of their new accommodations ; but still can 
never be satisfied, and are now demanding a new 
bath-room and some seats. 

Prof in Ethics (referring to the control of 
thought by the civil power) asked a Senior — " Mr. 
P., where does the power of the civil authorities 
stop ? " Senior (after long and deeply pondering) — 
" It stops when man ceases to live." 

A meeting of the Athletic Association was held 
last Wednesday, and it was voted to instruct the 
Directors to sell tickets before the meeting to buy 
prizes, to see if the Tug of War Cup can be changed, 
and to set the date at which all entries shall be 
closed. 

A theme was recently handed in to our genial 
Professor in Rhetoric, copied verbatim et literatim 
from a celebrated volume. It was passed back 
marred with considerable correction, and at the end 
this little note: "The best of authors sometimes 
make mistakes." 

Instructor — " Now Mr. W., should you say this 
was a mistake, one of Natui-e's accidents, iu fact? " 
Mr. W. — " I should think not, sir." Inst. — " Well, 
I cannot see why it should not be." Mr. W. — 
" Because, sir. Nature does nothing by accident." 
Instructor looks around astonished. 

Scene on campus : " Yagger " (to student who is 
pointing out the advantages of Bowdoin to two 
young ladyfriends) — " Say, want yer spittoon cleaned 
out? Ye haint paid me for that other one yet." 
Student was seen shortly after trying to borrow a 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



23 



revolver, but whether it was to shoot the expurga- 
tor of spittoons or to commit suicide, we have uot 
learned. 

The Bowdoins met the Nichols Latin School 
Nino last Satiii'day on the Delta, and beat them 
42 to 6. The Bowdoius fielded finely at fii'st, but in 
the last part of the game got careless and allowed 
their opponents to score. The errors of the Nichols 
Nino were very numerous and their batting quite 
weak. 

Prof, in Chemistry to Senior in "quiz" — "Mr. 
H., what is the difference between a sulphide and a 
sulphate?" Mr. H— "Don't know, sir." Prof.— 
" Why, yes you do ; you can't help knowing." Mr. 
H. guesses several times, when the Prof, says : 
" That will do, Mr. H. I withdraw my previous 
statement." 

A Junior called upon Miss 5. the other day to 
get her assistance for an entertainment in which he 
was engaged. Without unnecessary preliminaries 
he began. " I want to get somebody to take the 
part of a spinster, and (with a burst of confidence) 
you were the first person I thought of." He couldn't 
see why she was so unwilling to oblige him. 

To West Piiiut the young Wliittaker went, 
And a quiet cadet too, wa.s he ; 
But the other cadets on him bent 
Only glances of antipathy. 

His company all cadets cut, 
His ears one night they cut too ; 
And other attentions be got. 
Of which none doing it knew. 

Of course brave men never lied. 
For this their commandant has said. 
Thereupon the Court Martial there tried 
To see how he mashed his own head. 



PERSOHAL. 



[We earnestly .solicit contributions to this column from 
any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'46.— Benj. G. Snow, for many years a missionary 
in the ilicronesian Islands, recently died of paraly- 
sis in Brewer, Me. 

'50.— Some of the papers are calling for the 
appointment of Gen. 0. 0. Howard to the superin- 
tendency at West Point. A paper says: " We are 
confident that raids on 'nigger' cadets would uot 
prosper under his command." 

'53.— T. E. Simouton has been chosen State 
Lecturer by the convention of the I. 0. G. T. 
recently held at Bangor. 



'flO. — Hon. Thos. B. Reed made a strong speech 
in the House on the question of the right of the 
United States to preserve peace at the polls ou 
occasion of voting for members of Congress. 

'61. — G. M. Hicks is Judge of the Municipal 
Court at Rockland, Me. 

'70. — John B. Redman has been prominently 
mentioned in connection with the Den:ocratic nom- 
ination for Governor of this State. 

^n . — Cousens and Fuller were both in town a 
few days since. 

'72. — Marcellus Coggan has a law office at 27 
Treraont Row, Boston. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



Ohio has thirty-one colleges. 

Princeton's new college chapel will cost $100,- 



000. 

The marking system is to be abolished at Colum- 
bia. 

At Amherst the Juniors recite in German at 6.30 

A.M. 

The first college paper was published 1800, 80 
years ago. 

Caps and gowns are to bo worn by Williams 
College, in which to graduate, instead of dress suits. 

Class day and class reception have been abolished 
at Michigan University. A class supper will take 
their place. 

Princeton's Senior Class consists of ninety men, 
from fifty to sixty having dropped out since the 
Freshman year. 



ATHLETICS. 

The Harvard Bicycle Club has over eighty mem- 
bers. 

Hamilton also is thinking of forming a bicycle 
club. 

Sixteen men are training for the university crew 
at Tale. 

It is reported that the Yale University Crew is 
having a boat built with a seat for the coxswain in 
the bow. 

At Trinity the sum of $200 has been subscribed 
by the class of '82 for grading and arranging a por- 
tion of the campus for athletic sports. 

A New York inter-collegiate base-ball associa- 
tion has been formed, consisting of Union, Hamilton, 
Cornell, Rochester, Syracuse, and Madison. Each 
college in the association is to be played on its own 
ground by every other college. The first game is to 
be played May 10th, and the last, June 4th. A 
champion banner will be awarded to the winning 
club at the close of the season. 



24 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



CLIPPIKGS. ■ 

" Is it the ofQce of the faculty to serve as sus- 
penders for college breeches .? " 

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, 
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, 
When together sang the ranrniug stars, 
All in harmouious chorus kept tune.— -Ex. 

Why are two young ladies kissing each other an 
emblem of Christianity? Because they are doing 
to each other as they would that men should do 
unto them. — Ex. 

Why is a lame dog like a sheet of blotting-paper ? 
Because a lame dog is a slow pup, and a slope up is 
an inclined plain, and an ink-lined piano is a sheet 
of blotting paper. — Yale. Courant. 

Extract from a co-eds note-book : 
Where was Moses when the light went out I 
Where was Moses, and what was ho about ? 
Sitting on the bed, pulling, off his pants. 
And so were his sisters and his cousins and his aunts. 

Literary young man at party—" Miss Jones, have 
you seen Crabbe's Tales?" Young lady (scornful- 
ly) — " I was not aware that crabs had tails." Lit- 
erary young man (covered with confusion) — " I beg 
your pardon, ma'am. I should have said, read 
C^rabbe's Tales." Toung lady (angrily scornful)— 
" And I was not aware that red crabs had tails 
either." Exit young man. — Ex. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



We really had not realized that there were so 
many college papers in the country, until we gazed 
upon the formidable pile before us. 

The CorneU Graphic has two very good articles, 
besides one upon Gen. Garfield, which was evi- 
dently written by a friend of bis. 

The College Blercury urges the men to patronize 
the Athletic Association. The University also says 
on this subject : " We would urge upon every mem- 
ber of the university the necessity of giving this 
subject his active and hearty support. Let each 
constitute himself a committee of one to make our 
athletic games more worthy of ourselves." Such 
advice is good. We like the University' s appear- 
ance and contents very much. 

The Bnmonian does not devote much space to 
literary articles but a good deal to college matters 



and locals. We believe in having considerable 
space devoted to such matters, and would not 
advise making a college paper wearisomely literary ; 
nor, on the other hand, vi-ould we counsel giving up 
the literary department altogether. 

We welcome the arrival of the Yale Lit. and 
Nassau Lit., monthlies. These are excellent speci- 
mens of college literature, both of them. 

The latest numbers of the College Argus, Bound 
Table, Oberlin Review have also come to hand. 

The Yale Courant is so fuU as to need a supple- 
ment. 

Williams AthencEum has some curious facts in 
regard to college law.s there in 180.5. Students were 
fined for tardiness to chapel, two cents ; absent 
from recitation, four cents ; being out of room after 
nine o'clock, eight cents ; and so on up to five dol- 
lars for playing cards. Those were the " good old 
times." 

A new board of editors takes possession of the 
Jeffersonian sanctum. Not a particularly interest- 
ing number, however. 

The Cornell Era inveighs against the wire- 
pulling and electioneering way of electing its edi- 
tors, and also, in its article on " Cram and Election " 
makes some sensible remarks. 

This picture from the Princetonian will fit a 
frame in other places. Speaking of Freshmen : 
" When you came here you were fresh. Hard, but 
inevitable. The slights and snubs of first term 
didn't remove the taint. Next term you found a 
cure. Ton began to swear just a little, that is, you 
used words beginning with D; smoked hard, espe- 
cially on the way to recitation. At the end of the 
terra had a spree ; smoked cigarettes until you 
couldn't see for smoke ; drank several glasses "of 
beer, and a little whiskey, too, but that made you 
all sick. But you do hope it will come easier in 
future. Yes, and you aren't fresh now ? You were 
never fresher than when you deliberately took to 
being hard to cover up your freshness." 

The Madisonensis puts a bright face in at our 
editorial window. It contains an amusing sketch of 
a girl's way of throwing a ball, and an interesting 
paper, entitled "Ou Horseback in Attica and 
Boeatia," by Prof. N. L. Andrews. 

The Acta Victor iana, a paper of twelve three- 
columned pages, comes from Cobourg, Ont., with a 
series of heavy articles on " The Science of Law," 
" Literary Culture," and " Study," but not much 
else to enliven these. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 26, 1880. 



No. 3. 



bowdoijst orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE TEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. . 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances sliould be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Tol. X., No. 3.— May 26, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 25 

Literary : 

A Local Lyric (poem) 28 

Class-Room Characters 28 

Early History of Our Secret Societies 29 

A Fragment (poem) 31 

The Medical School 31 

Boating 32 

Communication : 

Out-Door Seats 33 

Go,od Manners 33 

A College Glee Club 33 

College Items 34 

Bowdoin's Boom 35 

Personal 35 

College World 35 

Athletics 35 

Clippings 36 

Editors' Table 36 



EDITORIAL KOTES. 



We hope that those who frequent the boat- 
house this term, will exercise all the care that 
is possible to keep off from the grass of the 
field in which the building is situated. When 
the town of Brunswick gave the Boating 
Association the use of the land, it was with 
this condition in the agreement, " That by 



reason of such occupancy no damage or injury 
shall be done either to the land adjoining, or 
to the crops at any time growing thereon." 
Since the town has been so generous to us in 
regard to this land, it would seem that the 
least we can do would be to faithfully and 
cheerfully observe this single condition im- 
posed with it, and especially as it would 
require but a little care and coiisideiation at 
no inconvenience to ourselves. We feel 
assured that it is only necessary to call the 
attention of all to this matter, to prevent any 
complaint hereafter by the authorities of the 
town. 



We have spoken before of the Bowdoin 
Philosophical Club, and much i-egretted that 
the students, or upper classmen at least, were 
not to be admitted to its meetings. And this 
regret is greatly increased when we see and 
hear the reports of its meetings from the 
Brunsivick Telegraph, and from the other 
sources outside of the college which were 
deemed worthy to enter the sacred precincts. 
The subjects that have been lately discussed 
there, are such as would strongly interest 
many of the students ; and they would be 
only too glad to avail themselves of those 
rare privileges, if any opportunity be offered 
them. We would be the last to begrudge 
the Brunswick people any of the advantages 
derived from the college, but we do think 
that if any are permitted to be present at the 
meetings of the Club, that the upper class- 
men should have at least an equal chance 
with mere outsiders. To be sure we can get 
good and full reports of them through the 
Telegraph ; but strange to say, many are so 
singularly constituted as to really prefer being 



26 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



present in person, than to get their informa- 
tion second-hand. But if this is not possible 
for the students to attend, we shall have to 
be content of course with what little we 
can get from those who do go outside of the 
college. 

Last Commencement, if we remember 
rightly, one hundred dollars was appropriated 
by the Boards to hire an instructor in elocu- 
tion during the present college year. Two 
terms of this year have already passed, and 
the work of the third and last one is now well 
under way ; while as yet no instructor has 
appeared, nor have we even heard intimations 
of any appearing. The amount of the appro- 
priation is small to be sure, but if carefully 
and judicially expended would bring some 
instruction at least, where before we had 
none. This should be one of tlie most im- 
portant branches of our course here, and it is 
one that the great bodj' of students would 
pursue the most faithfully ; and though we 
fully appreciate the peculiar circumstances 
under which the college now labors, yet when 
our hopes were raised even so slightlj^ as they 
were by that small appropriation, we are not 
quite willing to give up the idea without 
some explanation as to the wh3's and where- 
fores of it. 



The appearance of our walks and campus 
should be a source of pride and care to every 
student. But how many are there in college 
who seem to appreciate how much they are 
disfigured by the bits of paper and wood, and 
piles of ashes and dirt that are scattered in 
many and prominent places of the campus ? 
It has been but a short time since it received 
its annual spring cleaning, but this n^ould 
never be surmised now from the aspect of the 
grounds around some of the dormitories. To be 
sure our worthy Agricultural Professor is suffi- 
ciently remunerated to perform this very dut}^, 
but we aU should know by this time that 
lit. 



everything cannot be done by him alone, and 
that we can do much ourselves to keep the 
campus as clean and tidy as we would wish, 
by simply a little extra care and thoughtful- 
ness. A liint would seem to be all that is 
needed to remedy this, for nothing but care- 
lessness has been the cause of any complaint 
of this in the past. 



There can be nothing better calculated to 
hereafter revive the many and pleasant mem- 
ories of our college days than a good and 
full memorabilia ; and the first and best thing 
for this, of course, is a complete file of the 
Orient. There are many in the upper 
classes who have not taken the paper during 
the whole or part, of their time here, and 
they can now ill-afford to leave without some 
souvenir of old Bowdoin as it was iluring 
their college course. The files have been 
sorted and arianged to supply the deficiencies 
of nearly every one, and for the present all 
that are needed can be obtained very reason- 
ably of the Business Manager. It is very 
desirable to obtain these quickly, as of neces- 
sity but few copies remain in some volumes, 
and these promise soon to be taken. The 
value of a set of this kind is annually increas- 
ing, and one will have no reason to legret 
in the future, that he invested when he could 
in a full file of the Okient. 



We would again urge the importance for 
all who intend to enter the Field Day con- 
tests, to do so as soon as possible. The 
directors should not be compelled, as hereto- 
fore, to run about and solicit the various 
entries ; but each man that is able should 
consider it his duty to do what he can, and 
this immediately. In many of the contests 
the entries are rarelj'' numerous enough, and 
it is evident that the interest of Field Day 
would be greatly enhanced and the records 
much bettered if the number of contestants 
could by any means be increased in these. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



27 



As it is now but a short time before the list 
is finally closed, and as none will be allowed 
to compete this year unless their names are 
on the programmes, it can be seen that some 
expedition is necessary in this. All can now 
aid in making this Field T)tij a most interest- 
ing and successful occasion ; and those that 
complain hereafter should be made to remem- 
ber that whatever may be the faults they 
find, that much of it is directlj^ due to their 
own lack of exertion. 



There seems to have arisen again that 
peculiar strife between the students and 
" yaggers." For the past week or two they 
have insulted and threatened many who 
have been down town during the evening ; 
and if a student happens to carry a cane, 
he does it often at the risk of personal 
injury, and of the loss of the cane, unless 
he can conquer a mob of twenty or more. 
The village of Brunswick can easily take 
the palm for having the largest, most 
cowardly, mean and despicable crowd of 
young men (?) of any town of its size : and 
as they only possess the knowledge and 
instincts of brutes, we must treat them here- 
after as they deserve, and in a manner that 
they will understand exactly what is meant. 
The authorities of the town are in their usual 
state of somnolence in regard to this matter, 
and even if they do know of these flagrant 
breaches of peace by these " yaggers," they 
do not dare to enforce the law upon the 
offenders. But if the proper authorities do 
not take the proper measures to stop these 
assaults and insults, the students can and 
must. Just as soon as the ordinary "yag- 
ger " perceives that it is likely to be danger- 
ous for him to engage in his favorite employ- 
ment, he will stop it ; and it now remains for 
us to sufficiently enlighten him on that very 
point. All who apprehend any trouble from 
them hereafter, should be prepared, and when 
it is necessary, give the miserable wretches 



just what they have so long needed and 
deserved. 



Letters have been recently received from 
the Secretary of the Lake George Amateur 
Regatta Association, and from the Secretary 
of the Joint Committee of Columbia and 
Cornell, cordially' inviting Bowdoin to join 
them in a four-oared shell race of one and a 
Iialf miles, straight-away, on Lake George, 
July 16th. It is much to be regretted that 
these communications had not been received 
by us a month or two earlier, for then a col- 
lege crew was in training, and the necessary 
arrangements could easily have been made 
for attending this regatta. At the time when 
some definite information was needed for the 
continuance of our eiforts for a crew, noth- 
ing could be learned which would warrant us 
in raising a larger amount of money, or keep 
the men longer in training on account of it. 
It would seem fiorn this, that the other row- 
ing colleges do not take into consideration 
that we are way " down East," far from the 
boating centers of the country ; that our col- 
lege is a comparatively small one, and that 
months are absolutely necessary for our prep- 
arations, where weeks will do for themselves. 
The race will doubtless be an interesting one, 
and it is one that Bowdoin has long clesired 
to enter. And if it be as successful as it now 
promises, it would seem that from it, a vigor- 
ous and prosperous association of American 
colleges might be formed. 



This year a new plan has been adopted 
by the Professor in Rhetoric in regard to the 
selection of men for the Junior Declamation, 
and it is one that is well worthy of all inter- 
ested. Each member of the class was to 
deposit his ballot with the names of the 
twelve, whom he considered the best declaim- 
ers, upon it ; and those who received a major- 
ity of the votes cast, were to be appointed. 
The results of the balloting showed that nine 



28 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



were elected by the class, leaving three to be 
recommended by the professor, and coincid- 
ing very nearly with the selection by the 
" Prof." for the Sophomore Declamation of 
last year. This method will evidently make 
the declamation much more of a class aifair, • 
and will beget much more pride and inteiest 
from the class in it; and when the judgment 
of the class was so nearly that of the pro- 
fessors, it well indicates the cai-e and con- 
scientiousness with which the ballots were 
made out. 

This plan will work well here, just so long 
as it is continued in the spirit of this year, by 
the class ; but so soon as the cliques and com- 
binations that are formed for class honors, 
appear in this, then it is evident that no fair 
and honest result can be reached. 

We hope that this plan will receive a fur- 
ther trial, and with honest and careful voting, 
the efforts to raise the excellence of our 
exhibitions will be much strengthened. 



LITERARY. 



A LOCAL LYRIC. 

When the Senior isn't " fakiring " Psychology, 

Psychology, 
And not practiciug the Ethics that he learns ; 

That he learns, 
Then he doubtless is a " cribbing" his Geology, 

Geology, 
And a counting up the "ten strikes" that he earns, 

That he earns. 

When perchance he doesn't happen to be ailing, 

To be ailing, 
Or he has no trouble with his hard worked eyes ; 

Hard worked eyes, 
Then he's proving to the " Prof" his health is failing, 

Health is failing, 
And. 'twixt George and himself the hatchet lies, 

Hatchet lies. 

When he daily plays base-ball upon the Campus, 

On the Campus, 
Like a Freshman does he bend himself and yell ; 

Self and yell, 
Then back he crawls a puffing as a grumpus, 
■,■ As a grumpus, 



Both a sweating and a swearing to his cell. 
To his cell. 

On the days that he "cuts" "Mike" in Chemic 
" quizzes," 

Chemic quizzes, 
When he leaves without regret " Gunpowder's " law ; 

Powder's law, 
Then he's toying with some moon-struck maiden's 
frizzes. 

Maiden's frizzes, 
And caressing cotton batting with his paw. 

With his paw. 

But the Senior's " cutting " days are mostly over, 

Mostly over. 
And his days of " yagger " conquests mostly gone; 

Mostly gone. 
Not much longer can he roll in beds of clover, 

Beds of clover. 
And not rise till the going of the morn. 

Of the morn. 



CLASS-ROOM CHARACTERS. 

It has been very appropriately said that 
there were as many minds as men, and noth- 
ing could tend more to convince one of the 
truth of this saying than a study of college 
characters within the class-room. It would 
require much space to attempt a description 
of all these. So a limit must be made to a 
few of the most conspicuous. 

First, the good, honest, hard-working stu- 
dent, who takes high rank in his class, claims 
one's attention. We are not as prejudiced as 
many, who say that this cannot be done with 
out a sacrifice of real manhood and independ- 
ence ; we chose rather to hold the more 
pleasing idea that the majority of our high 
standing classmates are well worthy of their 
superiority in rank, because they do not seek 
it merely for the sake of surpassing others, 
but for its only worthy end and purpose : to 
indicate that they are possessed of a clear 
knowledge of what they study. 

There are many whose only aim in enter- 
ing college is to go through to obtain a diplo- 
ma, and, in their case, the empty title A. B. 
They are generally happy -go -easy fellows 
within as well as without the class-room, and 
the highest rank they seek is that which will 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



29 



procure for them a clean ticket for each suc- 
cessive 3'ear. The}^ take a comfortable posi- 
tion and await without anxiety their turn to 
recite. With them an ordinary recitation is a 
" ten-strike," a " dead " an ordinary recitation. 
They often go in " on cheek," and come out 
second best. 

But of " all Dame Nature's handiwork " 
the rank-seeker is the most curious. He is 
worthy rather of pity than admiration. Every 
movement and action signifies a bid for tiie 
approval of the professor. But there are as 
many different ways by which this is sought 
as tliere are different ones who seek it. 

The quiet man never whispers during 
recitation for fear that " the teacher is look- 
ing." When called upon to recite he endeav- 
ors to answer all questions by observing the 
way in whicli they are asked. It is useless 
to say that he sometimes "slips up," but if 
you notice carefully, he always takes the cor- 
rection from the instructor's mouth, repeating 
it so that it is evident he meant just right but 
misunderstood the question. The professor is 
sure of such an one's verbal approval to any- 
thing he may mention, and so may feel per- 
fectly safe to advance any suggestion he sees fit. 

There are the noisy ones who seek approval 
by making themselves conspicuous, and seem- 
ingl}' interested and attentive throughout the 
whole recitation. They seem to follow set 
rules, about as follows : First, smile knowing- 
ly at all blunders made by others, and espe- 
cially by yourself. Second, before the one 
reciting has time, whisper tiie correct answer 
to every question so the professor can easilj^ 
hear. Third, do not lose an opportunity to 
laugh. Fourth, if the entire class laugh at a 
joke, be sure and make yourself heard. 

To follow out the letter and spirit of rule 
third, requires experience and tact which few 
possess, and some can never obtain that pecu- 
liar giggle which is so extremely requsite for 
success. But tiie college is particularly fort- 
unate at the present time in having a few 



adepts, who have attained almost perfection. 
They have a peculiar faculty of perceiving 
the professor's jokes when their less fortunate 
classmates, and even the professor himself, 
fail to see anything amusing. Perhaps this 
might have been encouraged and perhaps 
brouglit about by some of their instructors 
during Freshman year. 

Another character somewhat familiar, is 
the one who estimates his I'ank at the begin- 
ning of each term, to be at the end from 8.00 
to 8.50, but, owing to unforeseen circum- 
stances, it is sent liome 6.00 to 6.50 upon the 
term bill. The way to fix that matter, is to 
tell your " Old Man " that 7.00 is perfect. 
For the greater portion of the time this class 
must be well contented, for they enjoy the 
anticipation of 8.00 or 9.00 for three long 
months, and their disappointment ends with 
the beginning of the next term. 

There is one more who deserves mention, 
that is one who wishes to be first among the 
"hard boys," and among the students at the 
head of the class. Did you ever ask a class- 
mate anj'thing about a lesson and have him 
answer that he hadn't looked at it, and didn't 
even know where it was ? If you have, that's 
the fellow. You vs^ill notice that upon this 
same lesson he " cuffs a ten." But it is done 
on cheek and general knowledge. What an 
abundance of both he must possess ! You 
may rest assured that such an one will make 
a mark in the world. 



EARLY HISTORY OF OUR SECRET 
SOCIETIES. 

During the first forty years of Bowdoin's 
existence the students were about equally 
divided between the two general literary 
societies, while secret organizations were 
unknown. The causes which led to the re- 
placing of the general by the secret ones to 
be fully understood would I'equire longer and 
deeper study than we can put on this subject. 



30 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



In this article we can consider only a part of 
the most prominent features of this important 
change in our college life. Fortunately some 
were thoughtful enough to record the most 
intei'esting incidents of this change, and this 
record has been kindly opened to us that we 
may make public these events which other- 
wise would be forgotten. 

The idea of forming secret societies here 
was introduced by a student who entered the 
class of '42, in its Senior year, from Geneva 
College. A societj- having chapters in other 
colleges was quietly founded, and for a short 
time little change was perceptible from the 
old state of affairs. But such a perpetual 
association of some members of the college 
must, of necessity, have an effect upon elec- 
tions in the general societies, and the election 
of the one society of new members caused 
jealousy. So other students began to think of 
establishing other associations, and thus there 
was a continual movement in this direction. 

The second association of this nature was 
an entirely local one. As soon as it was estab- 
lished, hostility to all such organizations was 
aroused among some of the students who did 
not like the changes which such associations 
must bring about. They threatened that their 
votes and influence should always be against 
these innovators in the general societies, a 
threat which then carried a good deal of 
weight. The Faculty also, after a few years, 
conceived a dislike for the societies and 
resolved to abolish them. They labored with 
the active members, and also called together 
the Freshmen and warned them of the evil 
of secret societies. But in vain, for our pro- 
fane historian records that the members told 
the Faculty to go — to heaven ; and the Fresh- 
men laughed in their sleeves at the Facultj', 
and followed their own inclinations. The 
devotion of the men to their societies was so 
strong that they regarded as childish the talk 
of the Faculty about quietly disbanding. No 
doubt, if the attempt to abolish had been 



carried out, the college would have been seri- 
ously broken up. 

Even the most insignificant facts in regard 
to the workings of societies were kept secret 
in those days. The place of meeting was as 
much a secret as possible, and the time was 
wholly unknown. The time of initiation was 
varied and concealed by various devices, as 
sometimes it would be after the adjournment of 
the general society meetings, the candidate for 
initiation before such occasions retiring early 
with pretended sickness. At other times candi- 
dates were initiated in broad daylight, a time 
when such a thing would be least expected. 
The men initiated were unknown for some 
time. It was the custom for the members of 
the Sophomore class to appear in chapel with 
their pins on, "swing out" as it was called. 
Such occasions were watched with interest as 
they first showed who the members were. 
In fact the secrecy was so great that some- 
times a society would continue urging a man 
to join months after he was pledged to another 
society. While the opposition of the Faculty 
was at its highest pitch, the son of one of the 
professors entered college and joined one of 
the societies. When the other members of 
his delegation " swung out," he remained un- 
known to avoid the paternal wrath. 

During the first few years of secret socie- 
ties here, members were not elected until 
their Sophomore year. As the competitors 
became more numerous, one society began to 
elect Freshmen, and of course all the societies 
soon took up the same custom, . as no society 
would willingly let others gain such an ad- 
vantage over it. 

The secrecy of affairs made each society 
suspicious of others. Any association of mem- 
bers of the college immediately caused manj^ 
surmises as to the meaning of the movement. 
The election of officers in the general socie- 
ties filled the place which is now occupied by 
class elections. Each society strove for the 
best offices, and to this end " alliances " were 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



31 



formed between different ones. Fidelity to 
allies was of the highest importance, and 
wlien any persons did not regard it, the in- 
dignation of their mates was unrestrained. 
Of course elections in the literary societies 
could not be held under these circumstances 
with so much fairness as before. Doubtless 
this was one of the causes which led to the 
abolition of these societies. 

Our historian shows through all his pages 
what extreme devotion the men of that day 
had to their secret bond ; and the men them- 
selves remember even in old age the pleasures 
then experienced and jjiejudices acquired. It 
is safe to assert that very few of the students 
of that day have lost their faith in the " Greek 
letter " societies. 



A FRAGMENT. 

iESCHYLEAN? 

A. O all ye Gods of Paiidemouium, 

What winged words, what fit eucomiain 
May equal these deep charms of music f 

Cho. My dear, loved, brother, what ! are yoii sick ? 

A. all ye ancient Deities of Hellas 
Don't I noiv play almost as well as 
PagininiolebuUororpheus ? 

Cho. Alas ! The fatal blow ! No drug is of use ! 
'Tis awful, terrible— Did some one laugh? — 
To read iu vision your sad epitaph : 
He scraped and scraped both in and out of 

season 
His 'witching violin, and lost his reasou. 
What friend will guide the foolish steps of 

him, whom, whilom 
Sane, may now kind Fates assign to some far 

Marsyassian Asylum ? 



THE MEDICAL SCHOOL. 

The Medical Department of Bowdoin 
College was established by an act of Legis- 
lature, the 27th of June, 1820, and in the 
following September the statutes were enacted 
by the Trustees and Overseers of Bowdoin 
College. It received from the State an appro- 



priation of -11,500 in addition to an annual 
one of $1,000, which was discontinued iu 
1830. Massachusetts Hall, so conspicuoirs in 
the early history of the college proper, fur- 
nished the lecture rooms for the Medics up to 
1862. There were but two rooms, one for 
Chemistry upon the first floor, and one for 
Natural Philosophy on the second. It has 
been said by some of those who had the mis- 
fortune to occupy the hard and uncomforta- 
bly arranged seats of these rooms, that as 
instruments of torture they could compare 
favorablj^ with the stocks of olden times. In 
the spring of 1862 the school was moved 
from Massachusetts to Adams Hall which is 
now occupied by the Medical students. 

The corps of instructors, although few in 
number at the first course, was highly favor- 
able to its success, as can readily be seen by 
the mention of the names of Parker Cleave- 
land, Nathan Smith, and John D. Welis. 
Of the first two naught but repetition could 
be written ; but by the death of the last, who 
was said to excel either of the others in many 
respects, the brilliant career of a truly remark- 
able man was shut off in the very beginning. 
That his death was a sad blow to the Faculty 
can be observed by the reading of the records 
at that time. But it was fortunate indeed 
for the school that thej' were able to procure 
so well-known and respected a man as Dr. 
Mussey to fill his place. Other names which 
have added much to the reputation of the 
college here in the State, and outside, are 
such as Childs, De La Mater, Peaslee, and Lee. 

The first class, as we find recorded, grad- 
uated iu 1821 and consisted of but two, 
Phineas Ingalls and Wheeler Randall. The 
next class, however, increased the number to 
sixteen ; since which time, with some varia- 
tion, there has been a gradual increase. We 
regret to say that from the lack of a College 
Catalogue of Alumni since 1873, we must 
consider that date as modern, and say that up 
to this time (1873) the whole number of 



32 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



graduates amounts to 1,093, of whom 900 are 
living. Since this time the classes have been 
large, so that there w^ould be more than a pro- 
portional number to add to the original one. 
The largest class catalogued was that of 
1829, which consisted of forty-six ; the small- 
est since the first, was that of 1843, consisting 
of but seven. Although many of the gradu- 
ates of this department are always respected 
in any community where they reside, there 
seem to be no individual cases of extraor- 
dinary brilliancy, but a more general good 
standing of the whole body throughout the 
State, and wherever else they may have settled. 
The financial condition of the school has 
always been good, and since the discontinu- 
ance of the State appropriation they have 
received no pecuniary assistance from without 
their own resources, except a donation of a 
considerable amount by Mr. Adams, for whom 
the hall they now occupy was named. The 
tuition of the students is sufScient to defray 
all running expenses. At no time has the 
condition of the school in every respect been 
more flattering than it is now. This year 
opened favorably with the return of an old 
friend. Dr. Dana, whom it had missed since 
1869, and under the management of its pres- 
ent Dean, who has the respect and esteem of 
ever}' one of his pupils, we can predict noth- 
ing but success in the future. 



BOATING. 

The past two weeks have not been very 
eventful for the boating interests. The crews 
have all been working, though not as steadily 
as could be wished, on account of the absence 
of several of the men. These absences are 
necessary of course, or they would not occur ; 
but it is to be regretted that they have been 
so numerous from all the crews during the 
training of this season, and their effect can 
i-eadily be perceived both from the appear- 
ance of the crews and from the time they 
have been making. The weather has been 



quite favorable, though there has been plenty 
of wind to give practice in "feathering." 

Tlie Seniors have, so far, been working 
hard and faithfull}', and their form and stroke 
has improved ever since our last report. 
They have been broken up somewhat in their 
practice by the slight, but temporary illness 
of some of their crew. 

The Juniors have also been disturbed by 
the absence of their bow for one week, and 
of their coxswain for nearly three. They are 
working well, and with their men all back 
again they hope to attain their old standard. 

The Sophomores have but recently become 
accustomed to their new oars, and as they, too, 
have been unfortunate by the absences of 
different men, they can be said to have but 
just begun their training togsther. They are 
working hard, and with their well-known 
energy and strength will make the record 
that is expected of them. The personel of 
the crew has been somewhat changed since 
our last, Capt. Reed pulling in his old place. 
No. 2 ; Curtis is bow ; and Moody, No. 3. 

The Freshmen have, of course, gained 
some during the last two weeks, though not 
as much as they should. The blame cannot 
be justly laid to them, for they cannot reason- 
ably be expected to keep the form, or pull 
the stroke they should, without some more 
instruction than they have had. Their great 
need now, is constant and competent coach- 
ing; and it does seem as though there might 
be some lit man in college who could spare 
the time to go down with them at least once 
a day. They will work well, and with care- 
ful and assiduous coaching could realize the 
expectations of their friends. There has 
been but one change in the boat since our 
last report : Gannett, pulling bow, in the 
place of Reed. 

The race will be rowed Friday morning, 
June Itli, and in the meantime it is necessary 
that some hard work should be done to insure 
a good contest and creditable records. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



33 



COMMUKICATIOKS. 



Editors of Orient : 

It would be a great convenience, as well 
as a source of pleasure to many of the stu- 
dents, if seats could be placed under the 
larger trees nearest the entrances to the dormi- 
tories. Seats which would be comfortable 
and still constructed in such a manner that 
they would not be unpleasing to look upon, 
could be built at a comparatively small 
expense. It was rumored last year that seats 
similar to those mentioned above, were to be 
put up by the college, but nothing has as yet 
been done towards carrying out the plan. 
Considering that the comfort and convenience 
of the students could be so much enhanced 
by putting up seats where they are most obvi- 
ously needed, there can be no reason why the 
college should not, and at once, see that some 
measures are taken for providing them. G. 



Editors of Orient : 

Will you allow me space in your columns 
to speak of an action on the part of some of 
the students that certainly gives an oppor- 
tunity to estimate the kind of training that 
they have received, and to judge of their 
ideals of good manners ? 

Certain gentlemen, who room in Appleton, 
find a fine opportunity to indulge in witty 
and courteous remarks, while the members of 
the military department go through their 
exercises on the campus. Their polished 
expressions will tend to raise the college in 
the estimation of the Military Instructor, and 
a comparison with the standard of gentle- 
manly bearing at West Point must certainly 
be unfavorable to the latter institution. 

Wlnthkop. 



A COLLEGE GLEE CLUB. 

Editors of Orient : 

In your last issue, in an editorial note, 
were enumerated some of the advantages of 



having a College Glee Club. There is also a 
benefit which might be derived from a good 
organization, viz., it could be made a means 
to raise money for the support of base-ball 
and boating. We are obliged to raise money 
every year for the support of these institu- 
tions, and efforts should be made to give those 
who are willing to help us some ec[uivalent 
for their money. 

No means of raising money could so well 
accomplish this object as a good Glee Club. 
The Glee Clubs of other colleges, as for 
instance Yale, raise large sums of money for 
the support of their crews and base-ball 
clubs. During the past winter we might 
have had a Glee Club that would have 
reflected credit on us, but those who should 
have moved in the matter, lacked energy, or, 
perhaps it was the excessive modesty with 
which all singers are supposed to be afflicted. 
A Glee Club could, during the winter, give 
concerts in Portland, Bath, Augusta, and 
other places in the State, and there would be 
scarcel}^ a doubt but what it would draw 
good audiences, and especially if it was 
understood that the concert was to raise 
money for some college institution, like base- 
ball or boating. Now is the time to get a 
musical organization under way, so prepara- 
tions will be made for a beginning at the first 
of the next college year. But to form such 
an organization there must be energy and 
work. Some seem to think that a musical 
organization is going to start up of its own 
accord, all readj' for active work; others, 
that we should wait until some musical genius 
comes to Bowdoin before we attempt to do 
anything. Neither of these things are very 
likely to occur, and we must begin by hard, 
faithful work, to build up a musical organiza- 
tion There will be discouraging obstacles to 
work against, but they can be overcome. 
Now, Messieurs musical men, throw off your 
unbecoming modesty, show a fair amount of 
interest and enthusiasm, and demonstrate to 



34 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the croakers that a College Glee Club is not 
an impossibility. Music. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



B-o-w-d-o-i-n. 

'Eah! 'Rah! 'Rah! 

Bowdoins beat Bates 16 to 3. 

Have you a partner for the Ivy Hop ? 

Quite a number of students have been trout-fish- 
ing. 

A band stand will be erected at the foot of the 
Mall. 

'83 boasts of a man that has not missed an exer- 
cise yet. 

The shade of the trees is beginning to be enjoyed 
by the weary. 

The boating men are on the river every morning 
at five o'clocli. 

Greene, '81, expects to leave June 5th, on a sea 
voyage for his health. 

The Freshmen have been rejoicing over a week's 
adjourn in Mathematics. 

The mementoes of German student life wei'e ap- 
preciated by the Juniors. 

A great many Seniors have taken drill this term, 
which is something unusual. 

How did Dan Ducello's clown know that a col- 
lege was a place for sick people ? 

The floats have been pushed out, and the walk 
set up, preparatory for the usual low water of spring. 

The veteran Washburne has been with us again 
with his basket of poetry, and " dictionary contain- 
ing 2.1,000 words." 

The class in mineralogy recite in two divisions. 
They made two mineralogical excursions last week 
with Prof. Robinson. 

It must be amusing to the Medics to have strong 
nerved classics steal iuto their clinics and then faint 
when a patient is brought in. 

Field Day promises to be a decided success if we 
may judge from the number of entries and the zeal 
with which many are working. 

The term of the Maine Medical School closes 
Wednesday, June 2d. Prof Chapman delivers the 
closing address to the graduating class. 

The Psi Upsilon Association of Maine, held its 
annual supper at the Falmouth, in Portland, Mon- 
day evening. May 24. An oration was delivered by 
Judge J. W. Symonds, and a poem by Geo. E. B. 
Jackson, Esq. 



Pres. Chamberlain has brought back with him a 
check of $15,000, the gift of Henry Winkley of 
Philadelphia. 

The Seniors have taken to base-ball. The 
amount of noise they make is only exceeded by the 
equanimity with which they pile up the errors. 

It is reported that the Medics have bought a cup 
to be given their handsomest man, and that " Pro- 
fessor" Haley will probably have his name inscribed 
upon it. 

Charles Haggerty has been elected President of 
the Junior class, in place of J. E. Walker, resigned, 
and J. W. Wilson, Marshal, in place of Mr. Hag- 
gerty, promoted. 

The " yaggers " are on the war path and have 
captured several canes from the students. It is said 
a Senior had to drop his burden of dignity and 
scud for dear life from one of their mobs. 

Junior (translating from German)— " I have as- 
pired too high "—hesitates. " Correct," remarks the 
Instructor, and when the noise subsided, an expla- 
nation made it all right with the blushing Junior. 

The fallowing have been appointed for the 
Junior Prize Declamations : Chamberlain, Cobb, 
Cutler, Gardner, F. L. Johnson, Lane, Pettengill, 
Sawyer, Smith, Staples, Stevens, and Wheelwright. 

A joke is a joke, but when a fellow jumps into 
bed for a quiet night's rest, and instead finds his 
chum has laid away under the sheet a dozen big 
June bugs ready to hang on to him with all their 
claws, it's, it's — well it's exasperating. 

Prof (to bell-ringer, five minutes before the hour 
is up) — "Mr. S., you have time to recite, I think." 
Mr. S. (starting for the door) — "'N — no, sir. Just 
about time to get there." Prof, shakes his watch 
and is undecided whether it or the bell-ringer has 
become crippled. 

The boat-house is soon to have a new bath-room, 
to be built on the lower floor in the northwest cor- 
ner. The water is to come from the river, and the 
tubs will be supplied by the classes separately and 
not by the Association. The Seniors have already 
ordered theirs, and hope to have them put in before 
the regatta. 

Mr. Lee received last week 147 specimens of 
marine vertebrates, dredged by the United States 
Fish Commission. These specimens were received 
through Spencer F. Baird, who is at the head of 
the Commission, and are duplicate specimens, la- 
belled very nicely and iu a splendid condition, mak- 
ing a valuable addition to his collection. 

It was only the other day that a Senior and 
Freshman were discussing the various crews, when 
the Senior asked, " Which crew would you have 

win, J ? " The Freshman said that he didn't 

care. "Don't care!" exclaimed the Senior, "why 
don't you want your own crew to beat ? " " Be- 
cause," gently replied the Freshman, " I don't want 
the other crews to row so poor that our crew can 
beat them." At this the Senior subsided. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



35 



BOWDOIN'S BOOM. 

Last Saturday witnessed what all bave been 
waiting four years to see, the Bowdoins beat the 
Bates. A large crowd came from Lewiston, and 
with the home talent, made the Delta resound with 
their war-cries. The playing of the Bowdoins was 
magnificent, their otf inning being but a short one, 
costing but three runs. Capt. Wilson's fielding, 
batting, and base-running were superb, and his 
efiective pitching was the feature of the game. 

The fielding of the Bowdoins was sure, and when 
necessary, brilliant ; while their base-running was a 
great improvement over last year. Snow took a 
fine fly after a long run, and .Smith made a great 
catch of a long foul bound, and Haggerty made a 
pretty catch at center. Rogers' batting was tre- 
mendous, coming just when it was needed. 

The Bates played finely at first, but after their 
sixth inning, got badly " rattled." Their batting 
was weak for them, not being able to hit the straight 
balls of Wilson, every time ; and Parsons, though 
pitching well, was bit hard and safely. 

The " boys " are jubilant, as well they may be, 
from this splendid victory over the strong team of 
Bates. 

The remaining games will be played at Lewis- 
ton on the 26th and 29th; Portland, the 31st; and 
on the Delta, June 5th. Appended is the score : 



AB 1b BTBH ] 



WUson, p 6 3 3 14 2 8 Sanborn, 2b.. .4 14 4 2 3 

Smith, l.f. 6 12 8 10 1 : Parsons, p.. ..4 115 17 3 

Snow,r.f. 6 1 3 12 1 ! Wilbur, c 4 2 1 7 14 5 

Knapp, c 6 1 2 15 9 1 3 | Norcro5S,3b.. .4 3 3 2 3 

Haggerty, o.f.. 6 114 10 Eowell, c. f.. ..4 2 6 

Maxcy, 2b....5 5 4 2 Hatch, r. f.. ..4 

Winter, lb.... 5 16 6 12 Nerens, lb 4 10 2 5 14 

Eogers, s. s. ..5 3 2 11 1 1 Richards, \. f.. 4 1 

Gardner, 3b... 5 2 2 13 2 1 Coding, s. s.. . 4 3 5 



Total... 50 12 16 88 27 12 8 



Total. 



..36 6 3 27 27 15 24 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Bowdoins 12 7 2 4—16 

Bates 0000300 0—3 

Two-base hit— Smith. Struck out— Bowdoins, 5 ; Bates, 4. First 
Base on errors — Bowdoins, 13 ; Bates, 4. Balls called — on Wilson, 48 ; 
on Parsons, 47. Strikes called— on Wilson, 28 ; on Parsons, 30. Wild 
pitches— Parsons, 2. Passed balls— Knapp, 3 ; Wilbur, 4. Time of game 
—1 hour 30 minutes. Umpire -G.W. Phillips, '78. Scorers— Foss, Bates ; 
Washburn, Bowdoin. 



PERSONAL. 



[We earnestly solicit contributions to this eolnmn from 
any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'43. — Hon. Abernathy Grover, of Bethel, is going 
West. He designs to locate a stock range on the 
lineof theNorthern Pacific Railway, probably in Mon- 
tana. 

'46. — E. B. Webb, was President of American 
Congregational Union, recently held in New York 
City. 

'47— John C. Smith : Chairman of Executive 
Committee of American Tract Society. 

'49.— Dr. John M. Eveleth has removed to Hallo- 
well, from Mechanic Falls, 



'51. — The Russian Government has sent to Hon. 
A. C. Hamlin, of Bangor, the order of St. Anne of 
the second degree, and the certificate. This is in 
reward for polite services rendered by Dr. Hamlin 
to the Russians on the steamer Cambria, so long in 
our waters. 

'58.— Col. P. M. Drew will deliver the address at 
So. Paris, Memorial Day. 

'68.— F. E. Hitchcock is at Rockland, Me., where 
he has been successfully practicing medicine for sev- 
eral years past. . 

'75. — Chas. A. Black is teaching the High School 
at Berwick. 

'76.— Taylor is teaching at Goshen, 111. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



Princeton's (future) telescope is 22 inch ; Har- 
vard College, 15 inch; Hamilton, 15 inch; Michi- 
gan University, 13.5 inch; Vassar, 12.3 inch; 
Oxford, England, 12.2 ; Cambridge, England, 12 
inch. The Princeton glass has been ordered from 
Clark, of Cambridge, Mass. It will be about the 
fifth or sixth in size in the world. — Princetonian. 

The Louisiana State University, of which Gen- 
eral Sherman was in charge in 1861, has hitherto 
been a military school, and somewhat cramped in 
its appointments. A bill has been introduced into 
the State Legislature to extend its curriculum and 
increase its educational material. It is proposed to 
change its name to Louisiana National University. 

The highest salaries paid by any college are 
those to the Professors at Columbia, who receive 
amounts varying from $7,500 to $3,375 ; Harvard 
pays from $4,000 to $3,000 ; Tale and Princeton, 
about $3,500 ; University of California, $3,600 ; 
Brown, from $3,000 to $3,500 ; Amherst, $2,500 ; 
Williams. $2,200 ; Cornell, $2,250 to $1,000 ; Wes- 
leyan, $2,500. The salaries to Oxford Professors 
vary from £900 to £400.— i"*. 



ATHLETICS. 

The idea of introducing the Rugby game at Cor- 
nell is being agitated. 

The Dartmouths are ahead for the college cham- 
pionship. But the Princetons have not yet come 
East. 

An athletic field is soon to be laid out at Trinity; 
it will contain a ball field and running track and a 
pavilion to seat three hundred. 

The twenty-pound hammer has been thrown 74 
feet by P. F. Drum, of '83, Trinity, the biggest 
throw in the annals of that college. 

The Tale- Harvard race will take place at New 
London on Thursday, July 1st. This is one day 
earlier than the announcement which has been going 
the rounds of the papers, put it. 



36 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



CLIPPINGS. 

Where should a boy be spanked? — Free Press. 
Thebasemeutisa good p\a,ce.—Neiv Haven Begister. 
Conld that be called a " base hit "? 

Pedagogue— " First boy, what's your name?" 
Boy — ".Jule." Pedagogue— " No, sir ; Julius is your 
name. Next boy, what's your name ? " Boy — 
" Billious, sir." — Ex. 

There is a patient in a New York hospital, who, 
in his delirium, continually calls out: "Next! next!" 
The physicians are undecided whether he is a college 
professor or a barber. — Ex. 

Before the show window of a picture shop : First 
towuie to second — " Say, Jim, come away ; don't be 
a-lookin' at them pictures o' bally dancers, or 
folk'll take you for a Freshman." — Era. 

When my winks in vain are wunk. 
And my last stray thoughts are tluiuk. 
Who saves me from a shameful flunk ? 
My pony. — Ex. 

A Freshman sat down the first evening of the 
term with simply a text-book and lexicon before 
him ; but getting inextricably mixed up in long 
periodic sentences, he sent to a publishing house the 
following message: "For my mother's sake send 
on the cavalry ; we are entirely surrounded by the 
enemy, and shall be cut to pieces." 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



One of our exchanges— we forget which — re- 
marks that the Orient under its new management 
" has an air of freshness which will soon wear off." 
We are glad if we have an air of freshness ; it is a 
very desirable thing in a college, or any publication. 
We hope it will not wear off. Probably our contem- 
porary meant freshness in the sense of greenness — 
but of course we don't take it that ivay. 

With the number for May 8th, the Bnmonidn 
Board " lays down the pen." A new Board enters 
the sanctum. We wish them success, for the Bru- 
nonian deserves it. 

The Yale Courant's mind is exercised over chapel 
choir matters. All does not seem to be going on 
just as it ought. The Courant gives a poem on the 
" Janitor of Old South," a parody which is not bad. 
It beginneth thusly : 

"Somewhat back from Chapel Street 

Stands an old-fashioned, loved retreat. 

Across its antique window row 

The tall elm trees their shadows throw, 

And from his station in the hall, 

A faithful darkey says to all: 

' Very well, thank ye, sah ! ' " 



The Harvard Advocate contains an amusing 
poem entitled " The Problem." It illustrates the 
advantages of " Co-education " by an ingenious con- 
glomeration of terms that would do a mathemati- 
cian's heart good : 

"The yonth and raaid both sick of school 

Otf at a tangent flew. 

A good divine then undertook 

To try and help them through." 

With such good success that — 

" Instead of a binomial 
He a monomial made. 

Their lives run parallel, 
She asks not which is greater. 
But, if the house must have a head 
Thinks it should be the pater." 

" The problem now is done 
That ouee the maid perplexed, 
Matriculated now is she 
The maiden is annexed." 

The Index remarks that " the ' College Chron- 
'Icle ' of the N. Y. World is a bonanza for weak- 
kneed editors." This being so, of course the Index 
will never make use of that department. 

The Ariel strikes us as being decidedly too cum- 
bersome. Cut down to a size more in common with 
the majority of college papers it would be much im- 
proved. It is well and neatly printed. 

In the Alleghany Campus is an article by her 
President, one of a series on the " Hiuderances to a 
College Education." This takes up the matter of 
expenses, and presents the details of a plan which 
seems to have worked well there ; viz. : the plan of 
co-operative boarding. One of the students acts as 
commissary, and at the beginning of the year each 
one pays to him $10, so that he has not less than 
$1000 with which to make cash purchases. By this 
plan $2.75 per week at the highest covers the cost 
of board, room-rent, light, fuel, and care of room, 
against $4.50 for the same elsewhere. This seems a 
marvel of cheapness ; whether it could be made to 
work as well everywhere is a question requiring con- 
siderable consideration. 

We are glad to see the Acta's pleasant face 
again, it is a very bright and pleasant sheet usu- 
ally. In the last number it gave its decision as to 
the calling of the meeting of the luter-collegiate 
Press Association. It decided not to call it this 
spring, but hopes that by waiting, success may be 
assured by means of favorable replies from papers 
that have not yet responded. Though we regret 
that the meeting could not have been called, yet 
since it was not, it may be possible for us to send a 
representative when it is agitated again. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JUNE 9, 1880. 



No. 4. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE TEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Feederick C. Stevens, Managiug Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Bii.«:iDess EfliUir. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll B. Harding, 

Charles Haggertt, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 16 cents. 

Remittances should be made to ttie Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. X., No. 4.— June 9, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 37 

Literary: 

Ivy Poem 40 

College Singing and Musical Organizations 41 

Junior Customs 43 

College Items 44 

The Boat Race 45 

Ivy Day 46 

Field Day 47 

Base-Ball 48 

Personal 49 

College World 49 

Athletics 50 

Clippings 50 

Editors' Table .50 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



In offering an apology to our readers for 
the slight delay in the appearance of tliis 
number, we would ask them to consider the 
extra work for its preparation, both for our- 
selves and the printers, and that it all had to be 
done much later than is usual. Besides, after 
the festivities of the two days, it did seem 
hard to again resume our old editorial duties, 
and to pretend to do what we did not really 



feel like doing. If this explanation is not 
satisfactory to all, we know of no other way 
to help them than to promise that it shall not 



occur again. 



There was quite a noticeable feature in 
some of the events of Field Day this year 
which we were sorry to see, and that was the 
lack of preliminary practice. All the records 
of this and the last Field Day that were 
really worthy of mention, were only obtained 
by hard and continued work before the con- 
tests; and on this account it is not to be 
wondered that in some events of last Saturday 
the winner's record was not Avhat it should be. 
No reasonable man could expect to do much 
honor to himself or the college unless he 
worked some in his department, and it did 
seem strange to see some men, who are capa- 
ble of doing so well, make only indifferent 
records, if indeed they won at all. We hope 
to see some change in this for our next Field 
Day, and that those who can do well in the 
different sports, will practice in season, and 
will consider a good record of some value as 
well as the prize. 



As it is now nearly time for the '68 Prize 
Exhibition to take place, it is of interest to 
know that the money for this has never been 
paid over, and each year all that is obtained, 
is collected by writing to those who promised 
it. '68 was indeed a true and loj^al class, and 
by the establishment of this prize has done 
much to advance the standard of speaking 
and writing in college ; but it is to be regretted 
that something more definite has not been 
done about the financial jDart of it before this. 
To many, the honor of winning would alone 



38 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



be sufficient; but to many others, also, tlie 
money that they really earn in preparation for 
this would not come amiss. To be sure the 
rivalries and contentions are the same now as 
though there were "millions in it," and per- 
haps that is all that is desired or intended. 
But if something more substantial could be 
assured for this exhibition prize, it would of 
course be much more profitable and satis- 
factory to the contestants. 



The last Bowdoin and Bates game showed 
plainly what but few had considered before : 
that the Bowdoins should not play an 
important game of ball after dissipating for 
two previous days. The circumstances and 
results of the games of both this year and 
last will explain sufficiently in what condition 
the men are to play in a close contest ; and 
the manager of next year should carefully 
consider this very thing before making his 
arrangements for the season. It cannot be 
expected of men who have been as excited as 
they were over the boat race. Ivy and Field 
Days, to play a better or more steady game. 
For, though they outplayed their opponents 
at almost ever}' point, yet when the critical 
moments came that demanded fine and sure 
playing, it could only be done by cool heads 
and fresh and strong bodies, and these our 
men did not have. The next game will pre- 
sent an opportunity to retrieve all this, and 
with the work that we know our boys can do 
when they are in good condition and have to 
do it, we feel assured that they will make the 
next contest what it should be. 



With the spring regatta it has usually been 
the custom to stop all training and practice 
for the season, and only to commence again 
with the next fall term. To be sure there is 
no immediate need of keeping a crew at work 
hard, nor should it be asked of the men to 
continue the training of the past month ; but 
they should see of what advantage it would 



be for them to work regularly now, and hard 
enough to keep themselves in good condition. 
It has been remarked of the regatta this year, 
that with more and better practice in their 
stroke that the records, especially of the three 
first crews, could be easily improved. It is 
evident that by this extra spring training 
the men would all be in much better 
condition, and there would not then be 
that necessity for them to re-learn in the fall 
what they had got and forgotten the spring 
before. There could be no more favorable 
time for this practice than the present. All 
work on the river is, of course, much pleas- 
anter than in the dusty gymnasium ; and when 
it is thus possible to choose, it would seem 
that it should not be difficult to do so. We 
hope that some of the crews will continue 
their work, and we feel assured that its good 
results will be shown in the next closely 
contested regatta. 



Now that Field Day is over, and there is 
a prospect that some money is left in the 
treasury, there should be some steps taken for 
procuring a new prize for the Tug-of-War. 
Something is needed for this that is both ele- 
gant and durable, and should be protected in 
some manner that it may remain for more 
than one year in good condition. Besides the 
prize with suitable inscriptions, there should 
be some means by which the victors of each 
year can be remembered. It is entirely out 
of the question to have them engraved on the 
prize, whatever it may be ; and so a piece of 
parchment, suitably prepared, would seem to 
be the best means for preserving them. This 
matter should be attended to this season, for, 
if neglected now, it will not be many j^ears 
before the victors will be quite forgotten, 
when there should be some easilj^ accessible 
means for remembering them. 

This suggestion will also apply very fitly 
to the Boating Cup. The winners of each 
year should have a place in some official 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



39 



record ; and when this can be done so easily 
it is strange it has been so long neglected. 
Besides the name of the crew, the record, 
date of race, and other such interesting statis- 
tics, should have a place on the parchment. 
We hope the Boating Directors will also look 
after this, as they can easily do before the end 
of this term. 



Perhaps the one thing the students have 
most desired, and complained so much of its 
lack during the past year, has been composi- 
tion and declamation ; and now when they 
have it in abundance they complain of its 
frequency. Of course the Faculty do not 
try to suit everybody in the course here, but 
if they did the method which has just been 
adopted by our worthy Professor of Rhetoric 
would be the most satisfactory to the greater, 
and by far the better sentiment of the col- 
lege. The latter will only complain now, if 
they do at all, because it was not begun the 
very first part of the college year, and carried 
through in the same spirit that it is now. 

The questions which are given to the 
Juniors for discussion are live topics, and 
ones in which every student should take a 
deep interest ; while in their preparation for 
these subjects, many will gain some ideas about 
these that they would get in no other way. 
To be sure the majority will coincide warmly 
with the first, and in many cases it may be 
said, the only article they may find on their 
subject; but even this is far preferable to the 
old system, when in many cases they would 
agree with no one at all. Though begun 
later in our course than we would wish, yet 
if continued through the next year it will 
give the drill in this that we hoped and 
expected when we entered. 



Of the many old customs which we are so 
fortunate to possess in Bowdoin, none can be 
more affecting, appropriate, or better remem- 
bered than when the Seniors leave chapel for 



the last time. It is something which, of 
course, is deeply felt by every Senior ; and its 
impression on the underclassmen, by the 
separation of those with whom they have 
associated so intimately from one to three 
years, cannot easily be effaced. 

The pleasantness of this occasion can be 
greatly increased by good singing, as all the 
upperclassmen well know ; and the appropri- 
ateness is still more striking when the Parting 
Ode is voluntarily sung by members of the 
college. Last 3'ear all who were here can 
remember that although the singing was 
fine, far better perhaps than the " boys " could 
do, yet it did not seem to have that heartiness, 
that sentiment which alone comes when the 
" Farewell" is sung by their fellow-students, 
and every word of that beautiful ode is meant 
by the singers. It certainlj'- did seem very 
fitting that the underclassmen, and especially 
Juniors, should offer their services for this 
occasion on Thursday last; and we feel 
assured that all are much better satisfied than 
if the singing had been done by outsiders. 

All acted on this quickly as they should, 
and those kind feelings which have so long 
existed between the classes, were much 
strengthened b}^ such kind offices as these. 



Ths Sophomores have voted, in a recent 
class meeting, to have no Burial of Analytics 
this year. This action is one that AviU be 
much regretted in college, not only by the 
upperclassmen, who have fully observed these 
very customs ; but especially by the '82 men 
themselves, when they hereafter have occasion 
to glance back and see where others were 
faithful, they were remiss. The customs 
which we now have are very appropriate to 
each year of our college life, and none seem 
more fitting than the burial of " Anna " at 
the end of Sophomore year. All observances 
of these tend to strengthen the college and 
class feeling in every one, and they will fin a 
large place in the pleasant recollections 



40 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of our course which without them would 
be void. 

To be sure the Sophomores claim to have 
very good grounds for the stand they have 
taken, but they hardly seem such as would 
satisfy the other classmen. Their numbers, 
although quite small, are fully equal to '78, 
and they had a very successful and long-to- 
be-remembered burial. And as to all "yagger " 
attacks, such as were witnessed last year, the 
upperclassmen would as readily help them in 
these, as in other things when necessary. 
When '81 began by observing every college 
custom in its turn, it was hoped that it 
would be long before a class would fail of 
doing as well in that respect, and on this 
account we more regret that '82 has fallen 
back into the old ways and excuses of former 
and weaker classes. From their record and 
energy in the past we expected something 
better of them ; and now, when the college 
spirit seems so strong and growing, we are 
sure that they will most of all regret that 
they have not done their share to aid it, and 
to make our course more pleasant and memo- 
rable, as Bowdoin life should be. 



LITERARY. 



IVY POEM. 



CHARLES H. CUTLEE. 



The State of Massachusetts counts 

Among her children, sturdy grown 

When Maine was but a foster-child, 

A city not to us unknown ; 

In early years it did not ruar 

The harmouy of sight and sound— 

A labyrinth of noisy streets : 

A few rude homes are clustered round 

The little church so artlessly ; 

It seems to me no less a part 

Of Nature's handiwork than are 

The graceful trees which shade its Heart. 

But look with me ! There comes a man 

Whose quaker hat does not conceal 

The silvery hair beneath its rim — 

And what do nearer steps reveal ? 



A woman clinging close to him — 
My pen is vain ! A certain grace. 
Like mellow light on harvest fields, 
Adorns the beauties of her face ! 
The grandeur which attends old age. 
The native loveliness of youth. 
How simply are they typified 
In David Giles and in his Euth ! ' 
An active step, a manly form, 
A sunny face and laughing eyes — 
'Tis Edgar Bruce ! Shall I disguise 
What Edgar cannot if he tries? 
His eager flush betrays the truth, 
Her modest blush afflrras, again, 
How surely he has aimed — the elf 
Who hunts for prey the hearts of men ! 
In silence, not with Passion's words. 
The Two, — through paths familiar, fraught 
With pleasant memories — the Two, 
But One in heart, but One in thought, 
Exult in mutual sympathy ; 
And uow they reach a height, and look 
Upon the meadow at their feet — 
The waving elms, the winding brook. 
The distant hills, the gilded West — 
A study for a painter's brush ! 
A painter's skill could not portray 
The eloquent expressive hush 
Of this New England Sabbath day. 
The sunset gloi'ies oft precede 
The darkest shadows : Gentle Peace 
Enchains their hearts with silver bonds 
From which they do not seek release. 
The while, unknown to them, a cloud 
Of wanton, unforeboded ill 
Is hovering restlessly above 
The sleeping vale and watchful hill. 
A special court convened to try ■ 
For witchery — how dark a stain, 
And one which years will not efface. 
Upon New England's honored name. 
When Superstition works her will 
Maliciously, the noblest men 
Are singled out ; a lovely face 
And winning ways are cursed, then. 
The day of execution came — 
Its brow was dark nnd cold its breath 
For Sympathizing Nature, too. 
Began to feel the chill of Death ! 
Among the doomed were David Giles 
And Ruth his daughter ; strauge the charm 
Which drew her lover there ; his arm 
Could not avert th' impending harm. 
When David Giles, with tottering steps, 
Approached the scaffold's dizzy stairs, 
With groaus of bitter grief the throng 
Were murm'ring incoherent prayers ; 
Unshaken as the granite hills 
He quietly repeats the prayer 
From which a wizard shrinks, — and then 
The hangman does his work ; but there- 
How beautifully white— stands Ruth ! 
Her parted lips express no sound; 
Now looking pleadingly above. 
Now looking wistfully around ! 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



41 



Unable longer to endure 

The torture, Edgar called for aid 

To save that life, for which his own 

Thrice willingly he would have paid ! 

With rude rebutt' and cruel words 

The surging wave was turned away, 

The prisoners were hurried off 

To wait and hope another day. 

With those whom desolation made 

His fit companions, Edgar Bruce, 

Despairing, fled the haunted scenes 

Which mocked his grief. As one may loose 

His skiff and seek a better shore — 

'Tis not as easy thus to shun 

A broken heart ! They sought a home. 

As other pioneers have done, 

But Cheering Hope ? — She helped them not 

To bear the hardships which they met ; 

Their hope to die and be forgot. 

Or else to live and to forget ! 

But when a people is aroused 
No power can disregard its voice ; 
The last to suffer martyrdom 
Was David Giles ; we may rejoice 
That many more were not ensnared 
By Superstition's cruel hand ; 
We know that thirty thousand thus 
Were murdered in our mother-laud. 
When Mary Queen of Scots, a child. 
First saw the sunny hills of France, 
King Henry opened wide the doors 
Of every prison which by chance 
She journeyed by ; but now we see 
The innocent have liberty ; 
And in whose honor may it be ? 
Behold ! A People's Majesty ! 
And Ruth ? — Her agony was that 
Which marks a soul that suffers long — 
So now, amid the springing tears, 
Her joy is like a silent song ! 
But when they said that he had fled 
In hopeless grief — Did she despair "? 
Ah, no ! She hesitated not 
To follow him — she knew not where. 
And could she do aught else, think you ? 
Would Keason show another way ? 
If Hope could tell her she must go 
Could Reason tell her she must stay ? 
While some could pity and implore 
And others jeeringly deride, 
Not one would willingly engage 
As her protector and her guide. 
Not one ? Forgive the thoughtless words ! 
A better Friend than all beside : — 
Divine Protection gave her aid. 
Divine Direction was her guide. 
Among the rough and rude, she found 
A welcome true in every place ; 
So full of pathos was her hope 
That tears ran down the rugged face ! 
How eagerly she questioned them 
To find some clue by which to guide 
Her longing search. How many times 
Her constancy was sorely tried ! 



When, after days of weary toil, 
The Winter's cruelty prevailed 
Against her swiftly failing strength, 
For once her dauntless spirit failed : 
A murmur trembles on her lips, — 
She does not utterly despair 
Although the wild, relentless storm 
Is mocking as she kneels in prayer. 
The sun has left the cheerless earth, 
And now the sable shadows fall. 
Which, as she sinks upon the snow, 
Are wrapped about her like a pall ! 

The sunset glories oft precede 
The darkest shadows of the night — 
'Tis true, as well, the deepest shades 
Are ushers of the morning light ! 
A little village, nestled 'mong 
The hills of Maine, we might have seen 
One day iu June ; the woods and fields 
Are clothed in Summer's freshest green ; 
Melodious sounds and shouts of mirth 
Will welcome us as we draw near. 
For Song and Laughter, strangers once. 
Have taken up their dwelling here. 
A silence falls upon the group, 
As two of them advance and bow 
Before an aged priest. I think 
You recognize the faces now ! 
Among the curls and raven locks 
He weaves an Ivr ! With this done 
The merriment breaks out again. 
And well it may, the Two are One ! 
Of all the peerless days in June, 
Why honor this f Of all the vines 
Which deck the earth, why honor this, 
Which now so gracefully entwines 
The chapel walls! That we may do 
As others in the past have done ? 
A deeper meaning, far : To-day 
A fellow feeling makes us one ! 

Then, classmates, let the ivy be 
The emblem of our unity ! 



COLLEGE SINGING AND MUSICAL 
ORGANIZATIONS. 
In our search after data relating to this 
subject, we find that the students paid more 
attention to music at two periods, one be- 
tween '30 and '40,- the other between '60 and 
'70, than at any other. Therefore, of neces- 
sity, the present article must deal chiefly with 
those periods. Our information is but limited, 
and if this article stirs the memories of any of 
our readers, we hope thej^ will send us more 
details so that we may write a more extended 
history of the subject. 



42 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



For several years succeeding 1830, Mr. 
C. J. Noyes, of this place, attended recita- 
tions in the college as a special student, and 
also attended medical lectures. He was the 
animating spirit of musical organizations in 
the college. He constructed an organ, and 
with some of the students formed a Philhar- 
monic Society. The material then at hand 
for such purposes was of the best kind. 
Among the best singers of the time were 
Seabury, '33, Fordyce Barker, '87, Jefferds, 
'38, and Kimball, '39. The organization en- 
joyed a very active and useful existence. 

An old graduate speaks of the great 
amount of musical ability in college at the 
time, and one cannot look for a moment into 
the college life of that day without being im- 
pressed with it. There were no such exclus- 
ively college songs as those of to-day, but the 
students sang a great many songs common in 
other places. At the gatherings of the gen- 
eral societies, odes composed for the occasion 
were sung. The students also furnished 
nearly all the miisic for the village church. 

For instrumental music there was a band 
called the Pandean Band, which was consid- 
ered very tine. This band became quite skill- 
ful and performed music of the most difficult 
kinds. The band was often called to other 
towns to perform. Some members of the 
band used to serenade the ladies of the sur- 
rounding country. " Yaggers " were then 
even more numerous, and much more danger- 
ous than now, as there were many saw mills 
on the river and all the workmen in these 
were accustomed to join in the noble sport of 
attacking the students. Often the serenad- 
ing parties came in contact with these wild 
animals, and a poem by Wm. H. Allen, of 
Girard College describing such an encounter 
is still extant. 

In 1860 the college had the good fortune 
to have among its members one M'hose nature 
was wholly musical, and during his stay here 
musical organizations were very prosperous. 



After entering college the first association 
of that kind which he joined was a quar- 
tette. The members of this quartette sang 
for their own amusement, serenades and 
chapel services. After the leader graduated 
it was disbanded for several years, and after- 
ward never was so successful as before. 

In 1863, having excited an interest in the 
subject among the students, this same man 
organized a band of seven members, only two 
of whom, however, had ever played a brass 
instrument before. Within a few weeks this 
band filled its first engagement at Yarmouth, 
where they played for a school exhibition. 
Meanwhile, it had also performed escort duty, 
by heading a procession on the campus in 
honor of Daniel Pratt. In the autumn of 
that year the organization was increased to 
sixteen members, and the " Bowdoin Cornet 
Band" was now in a very flourishing condition. 
Instruments were hired in Boston, and the 
Faculty became sufiiciently interested in the 
Band's success to purchase for them several 
instruments, and to erect for them a stand 
on the Campus. There evenings mau}^ a 
familiar tune was discoursed to delighted 
listenei's. During that year the band played 
for most of the college exhibitions, prize dec- 
lamations, etc., and gave as good satisfaction 
as more expensive organizations from a dis- 
tance would have given. In June of that 
year the band celebrated its first and only 
anniversary by an excursion to Mount Blue, 
which occupied two days. 

In 1864 several of the best members of 
the band graduated with the leader, so that 
the band was with difficulty reorganized in 
the autumn. Yet the " Bowdoin Cornet 
Band " still existed, and during the next year 
did itself great credit. 

Old graduates of the college look back 
on these organizations as the pleasantest inci- 
dents of their college course. The singing 
in chapel is always prominent in their recol- 
lections. This chapel singing has been main- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



43 



tained almost all the time, no matter how 
low interest in singing may have sunk. As 
we read the letters of graduates, and com- 
pare the rich reminiscences of times when 
there were such organizations, with those 
when there were none, we feel inclined to 
advise those interested in music to do all they 
can in this matter, if for no better purpose, 
yet for the enjo)'ment it will give them in 
future years. 



JUNIOR CUSTOMS. 

Upon the Senior devolves the duty of a 
dignified bearing and the responsibility of 
leaving to his underclassmen an example 
worthj' of imitation. He ought to be, and 
generally does consider himself a paragon of 
impartiality and general good feeling to all 
lower classes. 

The duties of the Sophomore are some- 
what of the same nature, but are restricted 
to the superintendence of one class. The 
Freshmen's time ought not to weigh heavilj', 
receiving as they do the anxious attention of 
the Sophs., and the quiet, but telling, inser- 
tions of our worthy Professor in Mathematics 
at the same time. But Junior year is enliv- 
ened very little by the excitement or respon- 
sibilities of real college life. It would scarcely 
be realized that there was such a year at all 
were it not for a few endearing customs, by 
sustaining which we remind our companions 
that we are alive. 

Among the oldest of our customs are 
those of Junior exhibitions and the prize 
declamations, the former occurring twice dur- 
ing the year, in which the class is represented 
by the eight best scholars up to this time. 
The contestants for the prize awarded the 
best declaimer, have, until this year, been 
chosen by the Faculty for excellence in deliv- 
ery, but as an experiment, the present Junior 
class have chosen her own representatives, 
and so satisfactory a choice was made that we 



trust this method will be continued in the 
future. 

While Mathematics were required during 
the first three years, " The Burial of Calcu- 
lus " was a Junior custom which we find was 
in vogue as far back as 1853. It will be seen 
that the programme differed somewhat from 
that of more recent classes. The class first 
met in the mathematical room, and thence 
proceeded with the corpse to the chapel. 
Here the exercises consisted of an organ vol- 
untary, a prayer, and a hymn followed by 
Scriptural readings, a eulogy, and benedic- 
tion. Then the mourners formed a proces- 
sion, as follows : First, the chief marshal and 
aids, followed by a fictitious Professor of 
Mathematics in charge of two policemen ; 
then the band, the committee of arrange- 
ments, the sexton, the pall bearers with the 
coffin, the officers of the day, and the sev- 
eral classes in their order. After marching- 
through the principal streets they proceeded 
to the burial ground among the pines, here 
they formed an elli^jse around the grave and, 
after listening to a prayer, sang a dirge. The 
burial services were then concluded, and the 
ceremonies ended by another dirge from the 
band and a benediction. 

But the most prominent custom of the 
year, and in fact the most prominent event of 
the year, is our Ivy Day. The custom of 
planting the Ivy was first introduced by the 
class of '66 in their Senior year. The only 
difference between their exercises and those 
of the present time is the addition of Ivy 
Honors. Their orator was G. W. Kelly ; 
poet, G. T. Sumner ; odist, H. L. Chapman. 
For some reason this custom was not kept up 
by the Seniors, but dropped altogether for 
eight years, and finally re-established by the 
class of 1874 in her Junior year, since which 
time, with the exception of '75, it has 
occurred annually, and has been steadily 
increasing in interest. We trust that another 
omission will not be chronicledfor many a year. 



44 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



" Go to your quarters ! " 

The Freshmen drink cider. 

'83 began to review June 7th. 

Senior vacation begins June 15th. 

Will some one gag that " Berry " ? 

Did any one leave the section room ? 

The receipts for Field Day were $69.50. 

Eev. E. H. Byington preaches at Monson, Mass. 

The Seniors will go out of chapel for the last 
time, Thursday, June 10th. 

The classes celebrated their victories Saturday 
in a way that recalled old times. 

The Bowdoins play Bates College Nine at Pre- 
sumpscot Park, Saturday, June 12th. 

The '68 Prize Exhibition will take place at 
Lemont Hall on Monday next, June 14th. 

The new bath-tubs at the boat-house do not 
seem to be in great demand as long as the river is 
so near. 

The prizes of Field Day and cups for boat race 
have been sent to Carter Bros., Portland, to be 
marked. 

It is surprising to see how soon after the race the 
boating men had their names put upon the regular 
sick list. 

The Bates Student states that four members of 
the present Sophomore class are making prepara- 
tions to enter Bowdoin next year. 

'81 had new slides put on their boat on Wednes- 
day before the race. The crew say after they 
become accustomed to them they will be a great 
improvement. 

The census enumerators from college are H. W. 
Grindal, Salem, Mass.; L. B. Lane, West Sumner; 
John Dike, Bath; J. 0. P. Wheelwright, Deering; 
M. L. Sanborn, Denmark. 

" We almost froze in recitation room this morn- 
ing," remarked a chilly Soph. " Then you all must 
have got near zero," replied a facetious Freshman, 
as he dodged the fury of the man of brass. 

The following have been appointed for the Soph- 
omore Prize Declamation, at the end of the term : 
Bates, Belcher, Blondel, Gilmau, Goodwin, Holway, 
McCarthy, Moody, Pierce, Plimpton, Sanborn, and 
Stinchfield. 



A young lady from Portland innocently asks, 
" How many men play in your base-ball nine? " 

To my classmates and friends, for the generous 
and kindly manner in which they have made up to 
me my recent loss, I desire to express my sincere 
gratitude and thankfulness. — John Scott. 

During the race Friday, thieves entered the boat- 
house and stole two gold watches and $30 from 
Spring and Payson, and $20 from Scott, all of the 
Senior crew. It is thought that an old hand did 
the job. 

A Soph, translated sed nunc quidem valetudini 
tribuamus aliquid : " But now let us take some- 
thing for our health," and the way that wicked class 
smacked their lips would make a temperance 
preacher groan. 

During the absence of the President, the Seniors 
had a singular misunderstanding about the hour of 
recitation to the Instructor in Military Science, and 
several days elapsed before they all learned the 
exact hour of recitation. 

Excited Bates Man (during game between Bates 
and Bowdoins) — " Oh ! Dang ! He had ought to 
went ! " Young Lady (overhearing, to sarcastic 
Bowdoin Man) — " Is that a Bates student ? " Bow- 
doin Man — " No, Miss, that is their Professor of 
Rhetoric." 

The term of the Maine Medical School closed 
June 2d. Prof. Chapman delivered the closing 
address, which was decidedly able and interesting. 
Dr. Mitchell awarded the diplomas, and stated that 
the School would probably open in October, making 
a longer term hereafter than sixteen weeks. 

At the close of the exercises at the Medical 
School, Wednesday, Dr. C. E. Webster, of Portland, 
in behalf of the medical class of '69, presented a 
portrait of the late Dr. Wm. C. Eobinson, which 
was received by Dr. Mitchell with the assurance 
that it should be properly hung and cared for. 

Prof. — " Mr. P., to what height does the atmos- 
phere extend ? " Mr. P. — " About three miles, sir." 
Prof. — " But are not some mountains higher than 
that?" Mr. P.— "Yes, sir." Prof.— " Then what 
would you do with their tops, Mr. P. 1 " Mr. P. — 
" Why, sir, let them project above the air below." 

Prof, iu Psychology, illustrating mistaken judg- 
ments of size, remarks : " I have noticed when 
coming home in the morning, just before daylight, 
that the moon looked as large as a house, and " — 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



45 



Class wood up. " Oh ! I had been out to preach," 
blushingly interposes the Prof. Class looks a little 
incredulous and wonders what time the audieuce 
went home. 

Medic (to young lady) — " Miss S., I am going to 
take part in a dramatic entertainment to be given 
soon." Y. L — " Indeed, what part do you take, 
Mr. L.?" Medic— " Bartender." Y.L.-" Bar- 
tender, there is quite a mistake about that ! " Medic 
— " Pray how, Miss X. ? " Y. L. — " Why, it would 
be more natural if you were on the other side of the 
bar." Collapse of Medic. 



THE BOAT RACE. 

No regatta since our connection with 
Bowdoin has ever been looked forward to 
with so much interest as that of Friday, June 
4th. It was the first race since the one be- 
tween '75, '76, '77, and 'T8, in which each 
class has been represented by a crew, which, 
of course, greatly increased the interest. The 
day was all that could be desired with the 
exception of a breeze which made the water 
a little rough, but to no great disadvantage. 
At about 11 o'clock the signal for the start was 
given and the crews took their places as fol- 
lows : First position, '80 ; second, '83 ; third, 
'81; fourth, '82. At the word "go," '80, 
with a very fine start, took the lead by about 
two lengths. The Juniors got a fair start, 
but '82 and '83 started quite poorly. They 
soon gathered themselves, however, and '82, 
by a powerful spurt, soon made up the dis- 
tance, while '83 bravely held her own. At 
the end of the first half-mile, '82 gained the 
lead, wliich she held to the finish, while from 
this point to the foot of the island a most excit- 
ing series of spurts took place between '80 and 
'81, each passing the other several times to be 
as quickly repassed. Shortly after turning the 
foot of the island, the Juniors gained the sec- 
ond place about two lengths behind the Soph- 
omores, and the Seniors led '83 by about the 
same distance. For the next three-quarters 
of a mile '81, '80, and '83 maintained about 



the same positions, while '82 increased her 
lead to about six lengths. During the last 
three-quarters of a mile the Juniors gradually 
gained upon '82, and '80 and '83 had an ex- 
citing struggle for the third place, which the 
Freshmen gained during the last quarter of a 
mile by a strong spurt. The crews main- 
tained this order to the finish, which the 
Sophomores made in 19 minutes 46 seconds ; 
Juniors, 20 minutes 1 second ; Freshmen, 20 
minutes 19 seconds ; Seniors, 20 minutes 26 
seconds. 

The time was about thirt}^ seconds more 
than that of last year, but the doubtfulness 
and excitement of the entire race more than 
made up for the difference in time. That 
the Sophomores had made great improvement 
can be seen by a comparison of last year's 
time, 21 minutes 30 seconds, with last Fri- 
day's. Tlris was largely due to the determi- 
nation and perseverance with which they 
have trained themselves, and in no small de- 
gree to the interest and encouragement re- 
ceived from their class. '80 also lessened her 
last year's time by good and judicious train- 
ing, being off the river scarcely a day on ac- 
count of sickness or absence of members. 
'81 perhaps labored under a slight disadvan- 
tage, having pulled around the entire course 
but once on account of unavoidable circum- 
stances. But it was evident that the crew 
were not by any means in the condition thej'- 
were last 3'ear, and she with pleasure yields 
the cup to the Sophomores because they had 
a better crew. Great credit is due to the 
crew of '88 for the patience and perseverance 
with which they pulled before and during the 
race. The class ought surely to appreciate 
their boating stock, which, with another year's 
practice and experience, will give the best 
crews a hard pull if not a stern one. 

But one accident of any account happened 
during the race. Capt. Reed's slide gave out 
near the end of the second mile which 
probably retarded them enough to have 



46 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



made a difference in time. We give 
the names and weight of the Sophomore 
crew : Capt. W. G. Eeed, No. 2, 150 lbs. ; 
W. O. Plimpton, stroke, 163 lbs. ; W. A. 
Moody, No. 3, 155 lbs. ; E. U. Curtis, bow, 
150 lbs. 

Prof. Robinson acted as time-keeper ; In- 
structor Robinson as referee ; H. A. Wing, 
'80, J. W. Manson, '81, E. T. McCarthy, '82, 
H. E. Cole, '83, as starters and judges for the 
classes they represent ; J. W. Nichols, '81, 
J. W. Crosby, '82, H. P. Kendall, '83, were 
judges upon the island. 



IVY DAY. 

The class of '81 held their exercises of 
Friday last, June 4, in the chapel. The 
weather in the morning was all that could be 
desired, but in the first of the afternoon the 
usual Ivy shower came up, wetting the grass 
so that the customary out-door presentations 
had to be made in the chapel. The seats 
were early filled by the many friends of the 
class, and but for the shower just before the 
exercises, the attendance would, doubtless, 
have been yet larger. Chandler furnished 
the music for the occasion, and, as might be 
expected, that was all that could be wished for. 
The programmes were very pretty and appro- 
priate, and were by far the best yet seen here 
for Ivy Day. 

At 3 P.M. the class marched in under the 
direction of the Marshal, Mr. J. W. Wilson, 
and filled the Senior seats ; when the follow- 
ing programme was carried out, the speakers 
being gracefully introduced by the President, 
Mr. Haggertj^, by a few appropriate words : 

MTJSIC. 

Prayer A. G. Petteugill. 

MUSIC. 

Oration A. C. Cobb. 

MUSIC. 

Poem C. H. Cutler. 

MUSIC. 



The Oration, by Mr. Cobb, was a fine one, 
being thoughtful, forcible, and appropriate. 
The subject considered, was " Our Need of a 
New Educational System." He spoke of the 
cori'uption existing under our form of govern- 
ment, of the evils and dangers that will result 
from it, and claimed that it was largely due 
to the ignorance and carelessness of the masses 
of the people. He then suggested the Com- 
pulsory System as a partial remedy for this, 
and showed by other countries the good effects 
of its use, and closed by eloquently calling 
upon all tiue college men to introduce and 
advocate those systems and principles which 
tend to the elevation of the masses of the 
people, by raising their standard of education. 
The delivery was very good, holding the 
closest attention of the large audience to the 
end, when it was long and loudly applauded. 

The Poem, by Mr. Cutler, surpassed even 
the expectation of the audience, and was a 
great advance over the ordinary Ivy effusions. 
His delivery was almost perfect, every pos- 
sible shade of thought in the poem being 
really pictured to the hearers., much increas- 
ing, of course, the efi^eet of the beautiful 
production. 

At this point the audience were requested 
to retain their seats, as the customary out-door 
exercises were to be held within the chapel. 

The Honors were then awarded by the 
President in some very neat remarks, being 
frequently applauded as his humorous " hits " 
were appreciated. The Honors were as 
follows : 

Best Moustache, Moustache Cup E. 0. Achorn. 

Lazy Man, Arm Chair A. Q. Rogers. 

Dig, Spade C. E. Harding. 

Handsome Man, Mirror A. Hitchcocli. 

Ponyist, Spurs W. I. Cole. 

Popular Man, Wooden Spoon F. A. Fisher. 

The happy recipients accepted the gifts 
with some very witty and fitting responses, 
often "bringing down the house" by their 
humorous and telling " points." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



47 



After the awards the Curator, Mr. E. H. 
Chamberlin, received the trowel as the badge 
of his office, and accepted in a very pretty 
and appropriate speech. The class then 
marched out and planted their Ivy and sang 
the following ode, by F. L. Johnson : 

Asph'iug Ivy vine, 

Long life and thrift be tbine, 

And beauties form. 
Fond scenes slialt thou recall, 
Upon Old Bowdoin's wall, 
Held fast by tendrils small. 

Through wind and storm. 

We love this custom dear. 
Of happy Junior year ; 

Bless it, Sun ! 
And when by death made few, 
Again these scenes we view. 
How love will burn anew 

For Eighty-one. 

As upwards thou dost climb, 
So through allotted time, 

Shall our course run. 
Our emblem ever be. 
As true and tried as we. 
To us, at last, may He 

Address " Well done." 

This closed the exercises of the afternoon. 
In the evening the Ivy Hop was held at 
Lemont Hall, with music by Chandler. The 
company in attendance was quite large, in- 
cluding many ladies from abroad. The 
dancing was kept up till the " wee " hours, 
and all expressed themselves as having an 
" immense " time. 



FIELD DAY. 



The Spring Meeting of the Athletic As- 
sociation took place Saturday, June 5th, with 
a very pleasant day, not uncomfortably warm 
for either contestants or spectators. The 
number of entries was unusually large, owing 
in part, perhaps, to the new feature of a " Best 
Average " prize ; but there were rather too 
many failures to " come to time." The rec- 
ords were very good, though not, on the whole, 
quite up to those of last year. 



One of the closest contests of the day 
was the 220 yards dash, and the " spurt " 
near the finish, by F. L. Johnson, was warmly 
applauded. The hammer was thrown nearly 
16 feet farther than last year. After the ex- 
perience of our last two Field Days it would 
be well to take some extra precautions in this 
contest against accidents from wild throwing. 
Of course all were interested in the Tug-of- 
War, a trial of strength between eight men 
from each class ; and after straining of muscle 
and ploughing of the ground,* '80 pulled '82; 
then '81 drew '83 over the line, and the final 
tug was concluded by the victory of '81 over 
'80. 

Credit is due the Directors for the smooth- 
ness with which the exercises passed off, and 
their programmes were very neatly gotten up. 

The following were the officers : 
Referee, Prof. F. C. Robinson ; Master of Cere- 
monies, H. S. Payson ; Judges, D. A. Robinson, 
Henry Johnsou ; Time Keepers, L. A. Lee, G. H. 
Pierce ; Directors, L. B. Lane, E. U. Curtis, C. H. 
Dunning. 

The following is the order of exercises, 
with successful competitors and records of 
this and last Field Days : 

1. Mile Rtjn.— F. L. Johnson, '81, 5 min. 51 
sec. 

2. Standing High Jump. — W. S. Whitmore, 
'80, 4.2 feet. Last year, 3.45. 

3. Running High Jump. — H. L. Johnson, '81, 
4.8. feet. Last year, 4.25. feet. 

4. Putting Shot.— 31 Lbs.— J. E. Walker, 
'81, 19.8 feet. Last year, 20.25 feet. 

5. 100 Yaeds Dash— 3 Heats.— H. R. Griveen, 
'80, 10.5 sec. Last year, 10.75 sec. 

6. Running Broad Jump.— H L. Johnson, '81, 
16.1 feet. Last year, 15.7 feet. 

7. Hop, Skip, aijd Jump.— Charles Haggerty, 
'81, 37.3 feet. Last year, 38.17 feet. 

8. Mile Walk.— W. W. Towle, '81, 9 min- 
utes. Last year, 8 min. 25 sec. 

9. 220 Yaeds Dash.— F. L. Johnson, '81, 26.25 
sec. Last year, 35.5 sec. 

10. Throwing Base-Ball.— J. W. Nichols, 
'81, 318.8 feet. Last year, 332.3 feet. 



48 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



■ 11. Standing Broad Jump.— W. S. Whit- 
more, '80, 11.25 feet. Last year, 10.45 feet. 

12. Three Standing Broad Jumps.— Chas. 
Haggerty, '81, 30.3 feet. Last year, 30.17 feet. 

13. Half-mile Run.— A. E. Austin, '83, 2 miu. 
26.5 sec. 

14. Throwing Hammer— 16 Lbs. — W. 0. 
Plimpton, '82, 76 feet. Last year, 60.1 feet. 

15. Hurdle Race— 6 Hurdles, 100 Yds. — 
H. R. Giveen, '80, 16 sec. Last year, 16J sec. 

10. Three-Legged Race. — G-. S. Payson, '80, 
H. R. Giveen, '80, 15.25 sec. Last year, 12i sec. 

17. 100 Yards Dash Backwards.— H. R. 
Giveen, '80, 15.75 sec. 

At 1.30 P.M. the exercises of a success- 
ful Field Day were coiiclucled by the presen- 
tation in the chapel of the prizes, which were 
unusually desirable presents, by W. A. Gard- 
ner, President of the Athletic Association. 
The " Best Average " prize was won by W. S. 
Whitmore, '80. The keg of cider, given to 
the class which won the most prizes, was 
awarded to '81, they having taken ten oat of a 
total of eighteen of them. A new cup is to be 
purchased as the prize for the Tug-of- War, and 
the financial success of Field Day will prob- 
ably warrant the purchase of a cup suitable 
to be placed on exhibition in the college li- 
brary. 



BASE-BALL. 

The game which was played at Lewiston, 
Wednesday, May 26, resulted in a bad defeat 
for the Bowdoins, by a score of 16 to 6. The 
Bates batted very hard and fielded well, while 
the Bowdoins, though fielding fairly, did not 
bat at all. Following is a summary from the 
score : 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 



Bowdoins 



struck out — Bates, 1 ; Bowdoius, 1. Balls called — on Parsons, 32 ; on 
Wilson, 47. Strikes called— on Parsons, 20 ; on Wilson, 34. First Base 
by errors — Bates, 4 ; Bowdoins, 8. Earned runs — Bates, 1. Passed balls 
— Wilbur, 4 ; Kuapp, 3. Umpire — Mr. Ranger. Scorers— Coding, Bates ; 
Washburn, Bowdoins. 

The game at Lewiston, May 29th, was a 
surprise to most of the Bates men, and hardly 



relished ; the Bowdoins winning by their very 
steady playing. 



BOWDOINS. . I BATES. 

AB IB ETBRPO A E| AB 1b R TBB PO A E 

Wil8on,p 6 118 4 5 2 Sanborn, lb.. ..5 3 10 3 

Smith,l.f 5 1 2 12 2 2 Poss, s. s 6 2 17 10 4 

Snow,c 5 114 11 4!ParsoDS,p 5 2 5 2 4 1 

Knapp, r. f. ...5 4 10 1 Wilbur, c 5 10 2 5 3 3 

Haggerty, c.f.. 5 116 OiNorcross, 3b. . .5 2 2 10 2 4 3 

Maxcy, s. 8....6 115 11 3iBowell,c. f. ...3 4 10 

Staples,lb 4 1 4 12 lHatcli,r.f. 5 116 1 

Rogere, 2b 4 114 14 0;Nevens, 2b. . . .5 10 2 

Gardner, 3b.... 4 6 3 2 Richards, 1. f.. .4 10 2 6 1 

Total . 



.42 7 7 47 27 14 16 Total 42 9 4 39 27 1118 



Bowdoins 3 3 1 0—7 

Bates 1 10 10 10 0—4 

Home run — Smith. Earned run — Bowdoins, 1. Struck out — Bowdoins, 
2; Bates, 1. First base on eiTors— Bowdoins, 10 ; Bates, 9. Balls called 
—on Wilson, 39 ; on Parsons, 61. Strikes called— on Wilson, 14 ; on Par- 
sons, 32. Base on balls — Bowdoins, 1 ; Bates, 2. Passed baits— Snow, 3 5 
Wilbur, 4. Time of game — 1 hour 46 minutes. Umpire — Mr. Holmes of 
Auburn. Scorers — Goding, Bates ; Washburn, Bowdoins. 

The Bowdoins met the Bates College Nine 
upon the Delta, Saturday, June 5th, in the 
presence of an immense crowd of people. 
As this was the fourth game in the series of 
five, and the Bowdoins had won two, the 
interest was intense since if they /won the 
series would be theirs. Opening the sixth 
inning with the Bowdoins 3 to 0, it looked 
dubious for the Bates. But a wrong decision 
gave them a run, which was the deciding 
point of the game ; and when, the tenth inn- 
ings closed with the score 6 to 5, the Bowdoins 
were beaten. 



BOWDOINS. 

AB In R Tl 



BATES. 



1b R TBR PO 



Wilson,p 5 2 2 12 1 6 lPoss,c.f 5 114 10 1 

Smith, l.f. 6 114 11 1 Parsons, p 5 2 1 6 1 11 1 

Snow,r. f. 5 10 6 10 1 Wilbur, c 6 16 2 6 

Knapp,c 5 4 6 1 4 Sanborn, lb. ... 5 2 21811 4 

Haggerty, c.f.. 5 10 7 2 liDresser, r. f.. . .5 2 5 2 1 

Maxcv, 8. S....5 114 15 3 Rowell, s. s... .5 117 2 2 

Staple's, lb 5 1 1 4 11 1 Tinkham, 2b.. .5 5 2 12 

Rogers, 2d 6 3 6 3 2 Roberts. 3b. ... 5 000121 

Gardner, 3b. ..5 6 19 ' Richards, 1. f... 4 14 4 3 1 

Total 45 7 5 50 30 16 14! Total 44 8 6 60 SO 18 17 

123466789 10 

2 0—5 
12 2 1—6 

Two-base hits — Haggerty, Sanborn. Struck out — Bowdoins, 4 ; Bates, 
0. First base on errors — Bowdoins, 10 ; Bates, 7. First base on balls — 
Bowdoins, 1. Balls called — on Wilson, 36 ; on Pai-sons, 60. Strikes called 
— on Wilson, 18 ; on Parsons, 31. Passed balls — Knapp, 3 ; Wilbur, 1. 
Time of game — 1 hour 36 minutes. Umpire — H. W. Ring of Portland. 
Scorers — Goding, Bates ; Washburn, Bowdoins. 



It seems that a new association has heen formed 
of which the Yales are the only members; the 
name is the " Nominal College Base-Ball Associa- 
tion," and according to the New York World, Yale 
already has the championship of the association, 
having won all the games to be played. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



49 



FERSOKAL. 

[We earnestly solicit contributions tn tliis column from 
any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'30. — Hon. Bion Bradbury has been chosen a 
delegate at large to the Cincinnati Convention. 

'41. -Chas. D. Herbert accepts a call to Sinclair- 
ville, N. Y. 

'53. — Bishop J. F. Spaulding, of Colorado, met 
with a severe accident on one of his recent mis- 
sionary journeys, but is now reported as rapidly 
recovering. 

'57. — Rev. E. A. Rand, a frequent contributor to 
the papers and magazines, has just published a 
book for boys, which is very highly commended, 
entitled " Pushing Ahead." 

'61. — A memorial window in the Episcopal 
chapel at Fortress Monroe, Va., bears the name of 
Lieut. Albion Howe, 4th Artillery, U. S. A., who 
was killed in the Modoc Indian campaign. 

'65.— J. E. Moore is a delegate from the 3d 
Maine District to the Democratic National Con- 
vention. 

'66.— S. B. Carter, was President of the Conven- 
tion of Young Men's Christian Associations of East- 
ern Massachusetts, held at Woburn, recently. 

'68.— George A. Smyth has resigned his Profess- 
orship at the Vermont University, and accepted an 
a.ppointment from the government to serve at the 
Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I. 

'70.— Hon. John B. Redman has been chosen 
a delegate at large to the Cincinnati Convention. 

'70.— F. Ernest Hanson died at Chicago, Thurs- 
day, May 20th. He had been Principal of the High 
School at Lafayette, Indiana, for the past few 
years. 

'74.— George B. Wheeler, of Franklin Falls, 
N. H., was united in marriage with Miss Laura E. 
Crawford of Brunswick, Me., Tuesday, May 18th, 
by Dr. H. P. Torsey of Kent's Hill. Mr. Wheeler, 
in company with Mr. Wilbur E. Crawford, has pur- 
chased the DaUy Leader of Bioomington, 111., the 
charge of which they assumed June 3d. 

'76.— Married at Gorham, June 2d, John S. 
Leavitt, Jr., to Miss Lizzie Moore. 

'76.— Mr. E. H. Kimball, formerly of the law 
firm of Millay & Kimball, has bought Mr. Millay's 
interest and still continues the business. 

'80.— Nathaniel Emerson is House Physician in 
the General Hospital, Boston. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



" D. K. E." is still the largest Greek society in 
. the United States. 

Williams has withdrawn from the Inter-Colle- 
giate Literary Association. 

The circulation of the Harvard Daily Echo was 
2,050 for one week, recently. 

The Rev. E. E. Hale is preparing a historical 
sketch of the Phi Beta Kappa. 

The great Mohammedau University in Egypt has 
10,000 students and 300 professors. 

The Annual Register shows the number of stu- 
dents in Columbia College to be 1,494. 

Jeff. Davis has been invited by an Indiana Uni- 
versity to address their Alumni in June. 

Henry Winkley, Esq., of Philadelphia, has given 
during this year about sixty thousand dollars to 
Dartmouth. 

The first President of Harvard was tried, con- 
victed and obliged to resign his office, on charge of 
being a Baptist. 

The overseers of Harvard have voted to open 
the library to students, under proper restrictions, 
on Sunday afternoons. 

Dartmouth has just received $50,000 from B. P. 
Cheney, Esq., $40,000 of which is to be in endow- 
ing a Cheney Professorship in Mathematics. 

The Prmcetonian states that the first college 
paper was published at Dartmouth in 1800, and the 
College Mercury says it was at Hobart, same .date. 
Which is it? 

Harvard's Summer School of Science opens at 
Cambridge, July 7th, and will continue four weeks. 
There will be excursions for field work three or four 
times a week. 

The boys at Richmond College cut down three 
trees in the campus, which interfered with base- 
ball playing, and straightway the Faculty " sat 
down " on base-ball. 

Goethe once presented a set of bis works to 
Harvard College Library. A fact which has just 
been brought to light in making a new catalogue of 
the German literature of the library. 

Among the " probable occupations " of '80 at 
Harvard, we find 70 intending to study law, 22 look 
toward business, 13 to medicine; the "religious 
view" of 34 is Unitarian, of 34 Episcopalian, of 
22 Congregational, 27 are " undecided," 12 have 
"none." 



50 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ATHLETICS. 

Yale has decided not to send a crew to Lake 
George. 

About 250 students attended the Yale nine on 
their trip to Cambridge. 

Brown has only one barge, in which all the class 
crews have to take their turn. 

Columbia has accepted Cornell's challenge to 
row a four-oared race at Lake George early in July. 

The University four of Pennsylvania University 
were to row with the Naval Academy cadets, June 8. 

The barge of the defunct Boating Association at 
Williams has been sold to the Dartmouth students. 

Monmouth College students are partial to the 
game of leap-frog. The co-eds have a high board 
fence around their practice grounds. 

The Freshman crew had a " walkover " in the 
Princeton class races, and have challenged the 
Cornell Freshmen to a four-oared race. 

The Yale Lit. reports numerous ball games dur- 
ing the past month, with no defeats. Among them 
are Yale vs. Harvard, 21 to 4; vs. Amherst, 8 to 
; also May 22, vs. Harvard, 1 to 0. 

Harvard's Field Day seems to have passed very 
satisfactorily. The 100 yards dash was won in 
10^ sec. Shot was put 33ft. 1 in. The running 
broad jump covered 20 ft. M in. The mile run 
took 4 min. 443 sec, and the mile walk was won in 
7 min. 48? sec. In several events previous "bests" 
were beaten. 

The average weight of the Yale Junior Crew is 
155 lbs. ; of the Sophomore, 159 1-2 lbs. ; and of the 
Freshman, 151 2-3 lbs. The average weight of the 
University Crew is 183 3-4 lbs. ; average height of 
same, 6 feet, and average age, 21 3-8 years. The 
heaviest man on the Princeton Freshman Crew 
weighs 192 lbs. ; the average weight, 171 1 -2 lbs. 



CLIPPINGS. 



" Jane," said her father, " I thought you hated 
stingy people, and yet your young man— " Why, 
pa, who said he was stingy ? " " 0, nobody," re- 
plied pa, " only I could see that he was a little close, 
as I passed through the room." 



The Cornell center-flelder is called spider be- 
cause he takes in all the flies. — Ex. 

" What is the first duty of parents towards the 
Sunday School 1 " Senior (quickly) — " To furnish 
children." 

Prof. — " When I look through this quartz 
crystal, I see everything double," [applause] " and 
I am perfectly sober, too." — Ex. 

Men often jump at conclusions ; so do dogs. 
One recently jumped at the conclusion of a Senior 
and scared him not a little. — Hamilton Lit. 

Miss Green did wed young Mr. Brown — 

A really gallant feller — 
And the result, so we're informed, 

Is now a little yeller. 

" Professor, is this scabrous 1 " said the young 
botanist carefully comparing a leaf with his beard 
of one day's growth. " Well, I don't know," said 
the Professor, " it might be pubescent— better call 
it minutely purbescent." — Brunonian. 

The Prof, was ten minutes late to recitation, 
whereupon all the young men cut. Next day, the 
Prof, meeting one of them, said : " That was a nar- 
row escape you had yesterday. I was detained 
talking with your father, who thought of coming 
into the recitation, but finally decided not to." — 
Beacon. 

" Darn a fool ! " said Wilkins to his wife. " Cer- 
tainly," replied Mrs. Wilkins, flourishing a darning- 
needle. "Whereabouts are you worn out?" 
" Some folks are too smart to live long," retorted 
he. "My dear," she answered, sweetly, "let me 
congratulate you upon your fair prospect for a long 
life." — Undergraduate. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



We notice that some of our exchanges have 
taken in earnest our local editor's joke about the 
secrecy of our Faculty's Philosophical Club. It is 
true that the Faculty have such an association, but 
all the secrecy there is about it, is that the meetings 
are not open to the students. 

The Concordiensis is chiefly taken up with base- 
ball, and it is justly proud of the record its nine 
has made. Outside of this there is nothing partic- 
ularly interesting about the number. 
The Syracusati doesn't have much to say about 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



51 



base-ball, except to prove that their nine was 
beaten by inferior nines. It has little to say about 
base-ball or the championship, while other college 
papers overflow with all sorts of base-ball notes. 
Some parts of the paper are not smoothly written, 
and on the whole it is a rather uninteresting number. 

The Dartmouth of this week is a very good num- 
ber. The Article on "Dante" shows earnest 
thought and careful preparation. " Carmel " is 
also a well-written and interesting article. They 
take gracefully their defeat at base-ball, which is 
certainly the wisest course. Their change in regard 
to taking Freshmen into societies is certainly a 
wise one, and worthy of careful consideration. 
After stating that the change consists in refraining 
from all " chinning," or " fishing " as we say here, 
and in not allowing any Freshman to pledge before 
he has been in college three months, the editor 
writes : " With this change successfully inaugurated 
the natural outcome would be the cessation of the 
indiscriminate taking of men simply to fill out dele- 
gations. It is true that every society has a great 
deal of useless timber which would never stand the 
test of three month's trial and society men would 
be restricted to those who are worth something." 

The Yale Becord has an excellent editorial 
criticism of some of the faults of college papers- 
faults which most of us have probably met with to 
our sorrow. 

Prom the Crimson we clip the following, which 
seemed to us the best part of the last number : 

"Hear the drouing of the bees 
And the meiTy linnet's glees, 
As the west wind's symphonies 

Through the pines are dancing! 
See the hot air rise and quiver, 
In the uieadow by the river 

Trnant-lilie advancing ! 

" Let us to the woodland's hie, 
Where the breezes rustle by 
And the moss is crisp and dry, 

And the shade is plenty ; 
There we'll talk of other days 
Spent like this in giving praise 

To Dolce far Niente." 

It really passes our comprehension how a paper 
can in cold blood publish an article on the degener- 
acy of puns, as does the Beacon ; and in the same 
number punish its readers with such specimens as 
these from the " local " column : " Can a man who 
is in the habit of talking very loud, while in the 
exercise of that function (!), be said to turn yell-ohl" 



Oh ! "A colloquy between two of our ' college 
girls ' : ' Who was the goddess of war ? ' ' Juno.' 
' How did Juno ? ' " 

According to the Sjjectator, Columbia is agitat- 
ing the question of making considerable change in 
the curriculum. These are some of the principal 
ones : " The establishment of full electives in 
Junior and Senior years; the introduction of French, 
German, Spanish, and Itahan as electives, instead 
of Anglo-Saxon in Sophomore ; and Roman Antiq- 
uities in Freshman year ; the degree Bach. Science, 
or Bach. Letters to be given to those who take full 
electives, B. A. being granted to those who elect 

the same course as at present pursued The 

establishment of a course of graduate instruction, 
to embrace Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Mathematics, 
Political Economy, Anglo-Saxon, etc., and as soon 
as can be arranged, Hebrew, Natural Theology, 
Natural History, etc." Some six additional in- 
structors will be required for this. Definite action 
has not yet been taken, but it is likely to be adopted 
in part, at least. 

The Brunonian for May 22, presents the first 
number of the fourteenth volume. 

" The " Glance at Dickens " in the Madisonensis 
is, in our humble opinion, very well written. In a 
short sketch of an author it is hard to avoid the 
fault of confining one's self to dates and events in 
his life, or of very closely following other his- 
torians. The author of the " Glance " evidently 
has read many of Dickens' works, and carefully, 
too. There is truth and sense in this that the 
"Madison man " says : " The average ' Ex.' editor 
picks up a paper after making up his mind whether 
he is going to ' set on ' it, or ' puff,' and runs 
through it in about three minutes. Then he pro- 
ceeds to ' slash ' or ' plaster with praise,' as he is 
determined. In our opinion the exchange depart- 
ment is to give a picture of other papers, . . . and 
this we think is best done by culling from those 
papers their best thoughts, and condensing into a 
paragraph the news." We certainly think that the 
" Ex." department ought to give some idea of other 
papers otherwise than by simply calling them 
"good," "bad," or " indiflerent." If not, the 
numerous other papers do no good to any but the 
" Ex." man, and are perfectly unknown to many 
who would like to know something about them, and 
certainly such "cuts" and "puff" are not very 
interesting reading. 

We have received the Hamilton Lit. and Yale 
Lit., but want of time prevents a further notice. 



52 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 






^ jrr.wii ^1 

BRUNSWICK, MAINE 

OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. 

Jiui^iS, ^'t'i§, mid Sa§§a'^eS''emn& 

Connected with the House, 

DAVID CLARKE, Proprietor. 

E. H. \VOODSIDE, 

Livery and Boarding 

!l; 

Rear P. 0., Main St, Brunswick. 





^^«^fe^®>' 



s>® ^a^fe 






Rooms two doors North of P. 0. 

J. GRAITITFORD, 

EXPRESSMAN. 

Piano Moving a Specialty. 

Ff@afliiii ill iiiiiiibii f ligis 

GUARANTEED. 



CAN BE 

OBTAINED AT 16 A. H., 

Or by Addressing the Business Editor 
through the mail. 

Extra Cops of tie Ivy Mm for Sale. 

l^°Owing to the limited supply of some of the 
Back Numbers, those wishing to complete thoir files 
should give their order at once. 




The undersigned would respectfully notify the citizens of 

Brunswick and Topslmra that he is prepared to 

wait on those who desire ice, 

OTTT u^so'VE! ma::E: -^j^i^^^. 

At the lowest possil)le rates. Orders for ice may 
be left at the stores of 

R. H. STANWOOD AND E. D. TOOTHAKER, 

Or sent through the mail. 

ASA J. ALEXANDER. 



THE 

(Wliite), at the prices, 

50c. and $1.00 each (all complete). 
Please call and see them. No trouble to show goods at 

No. 3 Lemont Block, Main St., Brunswick, Me. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JUNE 23, 1880. 



No. 5. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DtTRING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Erlitor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Chahles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W". Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. X., No. .5.— June 33, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 53 

Literary: 

Our New Neighbors (poem) 56 

Sophomore and Freshman Customs 56 

Requited (poem) 57 

Our Experience 57 

The '68 Prize Exhibition 58 

College Items 59 

Psi Upsilon Convention 60 

Alpha Delta Plii Convention 60 

Base-Ball 61 

Personal 61 

College World: 

Athletics 50 

Clippings : 50 

Editors' Table 50 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



As the next number will not be issued 
until after Commencement, unless otherwise 
ordered, it will be sent to the Catalogue 
address of the students. All desiring extra 
copies or communicating in regard to these 
matters, should at once address the Business 
Editor. 



It is now Hearing the end of the college 



year, and the Freshmen should remember it 
is about time for them to think of paying the 
Association for their class boat. They can 
but be satisfied with the trade they made for 
it with the boat club, and with its record in 
the last regatta they should no longer permit 
it to be thus incumbered. The crew that 
they now have is worthy of every possible 
encouragement from the class, and the best 
way to show that is to pay for their boat now, 
and hereafter to fit it up in the style of the 
other classes. '83 is a class of very fair size, 
and as there have been no extraordinary col- 
lege expenses this term, they should easily 
raise the required amount. 

We feel assured that but a word is needed 
for this, and that when they understand how 
much the money is needed for the new boat- 
house, they will promptly liquidate this debt. 



The Freshmen have at last concluded to 
have a cla.ss supper, and in so doing they have 
received the approbation of every one who 
believes that the old customs of Bowdoin 
should be maintained. It is very important 
that the Freshmen should become early 
imbued with the true spirit of college life, 
and it speaks well for that of this class, that 
they should thus determine to take the right 
and good old way. They will doubtless find 
this occasion as all before them have, to be 
one of the very pleasantest of their course, 
and forming a \ery fitting f.nis to perhaps 
their best remembered year in college. It 
is to be hoped that as large a proportion of 
the class will attend as is usual ; and that the 
Freshman Class Supper and exercises of '83 
will not disappoint the eager anticipations of 
its participants. 



54 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



We have had frequent complamts from 
the Alumni and other subscribers, that we 
have not devoted sufficient attention to our 
personal column to make it what it should 
be. They state that to them it is the most 
interesting part of the paper, and that if we 
would wish to please our patrons we must 
collect more personals. 

While we appreciate these feelings of our 
friends, we shall have to tell them that we 
have thus far done the very best we could, 
and whatever they desire to be bettered, they 
must lend their aid for its accomplislnnent. 
Since we have had control of the Okient, 
we have received but one communication from 
the Alumni, and that- of but three or four 
lines ; so we conclude that though the many 
desire information, but very few are willing 
to give it. If each one would help us by 
now and then sending in something they 
know would be of interest, we could have a 
column that would satisfy al], but unless they 
do this we shall have to continue doing the 
best we can. 



Some of the comments and criticisms that 
the Orient has made this term have been 
received with considerable disfavor by those 
interested ; and claims liave been made that 
it was only done by prejudice, personal ill- 
feeling, and a desire to " set on " certain things 
and individuals, if we may be allowed the 
exjDression. 

It would seem, that after a moment's con- 
sideration of this, its fallacy would be evident. 
The Orient is designed to be conducted in 
the interests of the whole college, to sustain 
its various sports and customs bj^ whatever 
means are in its power, and to encourage and 
discourage whatever we think would be for 
the benefit of all. In pursuance of tliis pol- 
icy, while we have control of the paper we 
shall criticise strongly, and we shall try to 
fairly whatever we think is deserving of it; 
but it shall all be done with the utmost good 



feeling and with the single desire for the gen- 
eral good. And we think that all will find, 
after the first hasty and heated impressions 
have passed away, that there are some good 
grounds at least for whatever opinions we 
may advance. This is but the first part of 
our editorial year, and we shall persevere in 
this policy to its close ; so in all that may 
hereafter appear in our columns, we trust 
that our motives and desires will be appre- 
ciated by all those concerned. 



It will be remembered that we have spoken 
before of the trouble with the "yaggers," 
and urged that severe measures be taken for 
defense if necessary ; now we wish to renew 
that advice. It is quite probable that some 
of the money wiiich was recently stolen from 
the boat-house, has been spent for the poor 
rum that incites these miserable wretches to 
their evil deeds ; and if the authorities of 
Brunswick had possessed any abilitj^ or energy 
at all, instead of remaining quiet for fear of 
losing some votes for their reelection, they 
would have made some investigation and 
adopted some measures for prevention before 
this. It is said that an ex-convict has been 
the leader of these " yagger " forces ; this 
seems very fitting, and it should be a great 
source of pride to the people here, to know 
that such a gang and leader can practically 
have control of the streets on whatever nights 
they may wish. 

Just here there seems to be an obhgation 
upon us ; if possible, and whenever sufficient 
evidence can be obtained to warrant the step, 
some of these roughs should be removed from 
this vicinity and condemned to their natural 
abiding place at Thomaston. 

But in the meantiuie each one who appre- 
hends any assaults from them should go pre- 
pared to meet them, and should remember 
that when he is acting foicibly and deter- 
minedly in defense of himself, he is also doing 
good a service to the community. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



55 



It is now nearlj^ the end of the spring 
term when they always have been unusually 
desperate, and on this account we should exer- 
cise more than usual care in our dealings with 
them ; and we trust that unless these attacks 
are stopped, that some of them will receive 
such punishment as they have been long 
deserving. 

Perhaps one of the greatest and most 
desirable changes in our curriculum for the 
past year, has been the thorough course in 
history for the three underclasses. But at 
the end of the year, in looking, back over the 
work, it is very natural to see many places 
where great and perhaps needed improvements 
could be made. The Juniors in their Mediaj- 
val and Modern History have been very fort- 
unate to have instruction that has been both 
thorough and faithful, and they have profited 
quite as much as could be expected from the 
course confined to such a text as Bryce's Holy 
Roman Empire. As far as it goes, this book 
is excellent, but it does not give to the stu- 
dent that clear and adequate idea of the 
changes in any nation outside of the one of 
which it treats, and very often not the idea in 
that which he should have ; and it takes for 
granted a previous knowledge of this Yevj 
history much more than the average man pos- 
sesses. 

It is to be supposed that the great major- 
ity of men when they enter Junior year, are 
quite ignorant of this period which they are 
about to study, and it would hardly seem as 
though they could intelligently discuss the 
various theories, ideas, and drifts which are 
so eloquently and ably set forth by Bryce, 
until they had learned something of what the 
results of these or various other previous ones 
had been. What seems to be needed in this 
is what was attempted the first of the year, 
only carried if possible a little farther. If a 
skeleton of general European history were 
given in a few lectures, essays, or any way to 



fix the ideas of what actually, hS(S ^hkpplei^ed 
firmly upon the students, then it would seem 
as though such crude and 'absiii'd notions of 
modern and mediaeval governments, their 
theories and functions, could h3ikl\ly exist 
after the long and interesting course which 
would follow in Bryce's. All other work that 
has been done this year was intended to sup- 
plement the text; but it would seem that if 
this could be changed so that the latter would 
not be quite so prominent, that the results at 
the end of the next year would be much more 
satisfactorj' and permanent. 



Undoubted as it is that music hath its 
charms and that they are appreciated by most 
every mortal, yet in our short experience we 
have found that even the greatest lovers are 
sometimes wearied by its excess. It has been 
the habit probably as long as the college has 
existed, for the ambitious but amateur musi- 
cians to treat their friends and neighbors to 
free concerts in their line, and at this venera- 
ble custom we suppose we have no business to 
complain. If this music could be judiciously 
mixed, vocal with instrumental, it would not 
seem quite so bad ; but when we have to 
take each, separate and straight, even our 
patient but wearied soul is sometimes over- 
flowed by this excess of harmony. Thus far 
we have persevered and held our peace about 
it, but when it came to horn solos at all hours 
of the day, and Pinafore at that, we felt it our 
solemn duty to lift our feeble voice in protest 
against it. 

If any judgment had been shown either 
in the selection of tunes or times for practic- 
ing, perhaps we could have borne it longer; 
but when it is sounded at all hours of the day, 
from morn to dew}' eve, and even in the still 
hours of the night and sanctity of the Sab- 
bath, then it is evident that something must 
be done. Most of us have to work a little 
here, and cannot afford to listen all the time, 
however good the music may be; and when 



56 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



we dp care to do so, we prefer to choose our 
hours for it. It is to be hoped that some 
have privileges here besides these hornblow- 
ers ; but if there are none, it only remains then 
for the aggrieved ones to rise and institute 
some. 



LITERARY. 



OUR NEW NEIGHBORS. 

Oar neighbors have come, 
A latelj' wed pair, 
And built them a bouse 
In the lot over there. 

Their callers are few ; 
We've seen none at all ; 
But th' leaves bide tb' house 
From spring until fall. 

In their garden each morning. 
At work with a will. 
We used to see both, 
But now it's quite still. 

Both are excellent singers; '^ 
And filled with delight. 
They'd play just enough 
To make their work light. 

But she's been gone so long 
We fear she is ill ; 
'Though there's called neither he 
Of the drug nor the pill. 



Ah! here comes little Johnnie. 

What is that you say ? 

" Five birds in the nest 

In the tree-top o'er the way ? " 



SOPHOMORE AND FRESHMAN 
CUSTOMS. 

Class customs give color and intensity to 
college life. AH of us can easily imagine 
what a dull time we should have here, if cer- 
tain customs were not observed annually by 
each class. Most of these customs seem to 
have sprung into existence naturally from the 
impulse given by the association of so many 
young men bent on enjoyment, for it is almost 



impossible to locate the exact time when any 
of them were first observed. As fast as an 
old custom dies, some new one comes to fill 
its place. During our own college course we 
have seen the slow and painful death of a 
time-honored custom, hazing, and the " aching 
void " thus left in the minds of many is as 
yet unfilled. As we write of Sophomore cus- 
toms, it may be well to give some slight obit- 
uary notice of the departed. We know that 
in the " good days of 3'ore," Freshmen were 
subjected to Sophomoric discipline of the 
most approved kinds. 

The earliest case recorded is that a Fresh- 
man of the class of '33, now a professor in 
the seminary at Bangor, was put under the 
pump by the Sophomores ; he, however, turned 
the joke on them by having them prosecuted. 
A man of the class of '47, now a well-known 
clergyman in New York, was at the head of 
a society for the discipline of Freshmen. 
This society decorated with black material 
and all sorts of hideous devices a room in an 
unfurnished house opposite the campus. 
They initiated Freshmen with a service of 
such a nature as not to be soon forgotten by 
the victims. The Sophomores of the class of 
1865 had a society called " Delta Omega," 
the object of which was to play jokes on 
Freshmen. In one case they invited a Fresh- 
man, who had not been invited to any other 
society, to join them. He consented, and 
they subjected him to a three-hour examina- 
tion to test his fitness ! Each member ques- 
tioned him in some branch such as mathe- 
matics or classics. It is said that he scanned 
for them the preface of Livy in the most 
approved manner. This period was fertile in 
such societies, for soon after the event re- 
corded above we see our beloved Phi Chi in 
the columns of the Bugle with a long list of 
verj;' active members. 

One of the greatest events in the college 
year in those old times was the " hold in." 
It was the custom for the Sophomores, as 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



57 



they came out of chapel, to stop in the door- 
way and attempt to keep all the Freshmen 
inside. The Freshmen attempted in eveiy way 
to get at least one of their men out, usually 
taking the lightest man and throwing him 
over the barricade. If they got one man out, 
the Sophomores were considered beaten. It 
may well be asked what the Faculty did dur- 
ing all this, but all the answer we could get 
to our inquiry was that the}' winked at it ! 

The " Burial " was described in our last 
number. All we would add is that the parts 
were not always written in a style befitting 
public delivery. 

Twenty years ago rope pull was the only 
class contest. There were two of these every 
year — one in the fall and the other in the 
spring. As the years passed by, base-ball 
and foot-ball were added, but they have never 
varied very much from what they are at 
present. 

The Freshman class formerly made a 
great occasion of its class election. The class 
of '62 had the most exciting one I have heard 
of. The different factions brought men here 
to vote whose claims to belong to the class 
were very slight, and who never again took 
part in any college exercises. Money was 
expended very freely in carrjdng on these 
operations. When the class election came, 
however, the factions were so equally matched 
that they could fill only a part of their 
offices. The Sophomores at that time at- 
tempted to break up Freshman class meetings, 
just as has been the custom within our own 
memory. They broke out the windows, 
threw in water, and sometimes the affair 
ended in a regular fight. 

There is little to be said about " peanut 
drunks." The class of '65 had one which 
was about the same as those of the present 
day, but as to their origin I could get no 
information. Freshman supper also was 
held many j^ears ago, but it was always about 
the same as at present. 



As we read the accounts of the exploits 
of a past generation, can we admit, as some 
of the college Alumni would have us, that the 
college has degenerated since their times ? 
Surely the conclusion we must form is that 
we behave rather better than our fathers did, 
even if we don't always have so good times. 



REQUITED. 

The Senior to his fair one wrote 

A note of invitation, 
Her presence most earnestly besought 

His day of graduation. 

She came ; and in his heart once more 
The flame of love was kiudled ; 

Her name was last upon the list 
Of victims he had swindled. 

His pleadings and his vows she heard 

With calm consideration, 
Accepted him and took his ring 

With little hesitation. 

Forth to the world our hero went 

To find his proper station, 
And, strange to say, he soon was in 

A paying situation. 

As on his fortunes now he mused, 

Quite deep in meditation, 
Said he : " 'Tis time to euter on 

The conjugal relation. 

" Twice seven times I've been engaged. 
And these engagements broken ; 

I'll claim the hand of her to whom 
My last love words were spoken." 

And then in haste a letter went 
To her whose name he cherished. 

Reply soon came ; by it, alas ! 

His hopes were crushed, — they perished. 

" I'm sorry, sir ; I'm married now ; 

In vain your protestations. 
You came too late, — yours was the ninth 

Among the applications ! " 



OUR EXPERIENCE. 

There are certain aspirations common to 
new-fledged editors of college papers, among 
which may be numbered the desire to make 
their paper a " true exponent of the college," 
usually publicly announced in the first edito- 



58 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



rial ; but this is not the only epidemic, for no 
sooner does the subscription list come into 
their possession than a determination to 
increase its size, at least fifty per cent., takes 
firm root in each editorial mind. 

To accomplish this most worth}- object, 
many original and for the most part equally 
effective (?) devices are resorted to ; but 
the more usual course is to direct, with the 
aid of a triennial catalogue, polite invitations 
to the Alumni, v^ith return postals and a 
specimen copy of the paper containing a 
touching editorial to the effect that every 
patriotic Alumnus should keep well informed 
of the internal affairs of his Alma Mater by 
subscribing to the college paper. 

With a sigh of relief the last letter is 
directed and a discussion arises at once as to 
what shall be done with the proceeds from 
the new subscriptions, which are soon to come 
pouring in with every mail ; whether the 
paper be increased in size, with new covers 
and a finer quality of paper ; a trip to the 
White Mountains or some watering place, be 
indulged in at the expense of the editorial 
purse. One noticeable feature of this solicit- 
ing subscriptions is its total freedom from any 
merel}' mercenary motives ; the subscription 
is asked, not for anj^ pecuniary advantage of 
the editors, and when the invitation is declined 
it is not on account of expense, but because 
of a very peculiar conjunction of circum- 
stances. This fact would be at once apparent 
to one reading either the invitation or the 
refusal. Still this method is usually success- 
ful to the degree of procuring the autographs 
of about one-fourth of those addressed, which, 
added to the experience gained, is no small 
reward for writing, directing, sealing, and 
paying the postage of some fourscore letters. 
Although not financially a decided success, 
two very gratifying facts are brought out by 
the replies to these letters, for nearly every 
one expresses the warmest sympathy on the 
part of the writer, aiid a willingness to do 



everything in his power for either college or 
paper, except subscribing, with also a promise 
to do even that at some future date, probably 
next year. Thus the way is made very easy 
for the new Board to carry out any plans of 
improving the paper, that a limited supply of 
funds prevented their less fortunate prede- 
cessors from doing. 

But what shall we say of the remaining 
seventy-five per cent, who did not deign to 
even reply ? Only this, that we rejoice to 
think that those postals were directed with 
ink, and could not be used for any other than 
to reply to our most polite and disinterested 
requests. 

Still, with all the rancor of blasted hopes 
gnawing our hearts, we cannot conscien- 
tiously say that the Alumni do not fairly sup- 
port the college paper, and we sincerely 
thank those who send words of encourage- 
ment, especially as the next Board is to be 
treated so handsomely. 



THE '68 PRIZE EXHIBITION. 

Not a very large representation of Bruns- 
wick's beauty and culture, together with a 
goodly number of students, assembled in 
Lemont Hall, Monday evening, the 14th, to 
criticise the pei-formance of the following pro- 
gramme : 

JourDalism ; Its Power, Abuses, and Uses. 

Henry A. Wing, Mattawamkeag. 
The Danger to the Republic. 

Fred W. Hall, North Gorham. 
Is Suffrage a Right or a Franchise ? 

John Scott, Clifton. 
New England ; Past, Present, and Future. 

Emery W. Bartlett, East Bethel. 
Centralization. 

Herbert W. Grindal, Salem, Mass. 
Abraham Lincoln. 

Prank Winter, Bethel. 

While both Messrs. Wing and Hall were 
speaking the confusion made by those coming 
late was very annoying. 

We regret that we have not space to give 
as comprehensive a synopsis of each part, as 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



59 



we had expected to do. Mr. Wing reviewed 
the influence of the press in its important 
bearings, and closed with an earnest appeal 
for puritj'^ and honor in American journalism. 
His utterance was too rapid to be distinct. 
With plain and forcible words Mr. Hall pointed 
out the Danger to the Republic : the tendency 
to declare dishonestly the result of elections. 
If his style of delivery lacked anything, it 
was vigor and enthusiasm. 

Mr. Scott's arguments were clear ; his 
logic, in a few steps, led to the conclusion 
that Suffrage is not a Franchise. He then 
discussed the wisdom of property and educa- 
tional restrictions. Mr. Scott made use of 
satire without carrying it to the extreme ; his 
manner of speaking was rather labored and 
monotonous. Mr. Bartlett paid a warm trib- 
ute to our Puritan ancestors, reciting their 
great influence for purity, freedom, and 
advancement; he showed the great progress 
in literature and science which New England 
has made during the past century or more, 
and favorably compared its future with that 
of other sections of the country. He writes 
very gracefully and speaks in a pleasing man- 
ner. After delineating the advantages of a 
centralized government in a country made 
up of so many discordant elements as the 
United States, Mr. Grindal alluded to the 
grave results of centralization in other coun- 
tries. The danger lies in the aggregation of 
power in our legislative bodies. Mr. Grindal 
. did not speak with his accustomed ease on 
account of the lack of proper preparation. 

It was Mr. Winter's purpose to show how 
Abraham Lincoln was a man of destiny. To 
excel in the treatment of such a subject one 
must give evidence of originality in thought 
or marked excellence in expression. That 
Mr. Winter succeeded in this is attested by 
the fact that to him the prize was awarded. 
It may not become us to say that if music had 
been provided the speakers could have more 
easily held the attention of the audience, and 



the exhibition would not have had an air of 
haste. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



The Water ville girls don't flirt. 

'83 will have a class supper. 

The Faculty are taking to archery. 

Collins, '80, left Thursday for Colorado. 

Juniors examined Wednesday, June .30th. 

'68 Prize was awarded Prank Winter, Bethel. 

It is said that the Senior lemonade was strong. 

What awful " sails " all the Seniors made in 
examinations. 

Clark, '76, and W. T. Cobb, '77, were in town a 
few days last week. 

The Freshmen are toiling hard at base-ball, 
preparing for next year. 

Of course there will be the usual exodus to Bath 
to see the great London Circus. 

The fences and hedges are receiving the white- 
washing preparatory to Commencement. 

It was rather hard on one of the Seniors to be 
taken for a Freshman by the B. H. S. girls. 

The last game between the Bates and Bowdoins 
at Portland, resulted in a victory for the former, 10 
to 2. 

F.L.Johnson has been appointed bell-ringer; 
and Staples, Senior Librarian in place of Cutler, 
resigned. 

It is stated that the price of blank paper has 
fallen now that the Seniors 'have given up " fakir- 
iug" Psychology. 

C. H. Cutler has been appointed Senior Libra- 
rian, and Bates, Belcher, Holway, Reed, and Stinch- 
fleld. Junior Librarians. 

But one Senior attended church the first Sab- 
bath of their freedom. Who says that compulsory 
attendance is not a benefit ? 

The flower beds near Massachusetts are looking 
finely, and after they have been planted a few more 
times they will be really ornamental. 

Prof. Mark Beal has been engaged to give in- 
struction in elocution the remainder of the term, 
and he has already become quite popular. 

The graduating exercises of the Brunswick High 
School took place at Lemont Hall, Monday evening, 
June 2Ist. Chandler's six furnished the music. 



60 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



OflScers of Praying Circle, elected June 12th, 
are : President, C. H. Cutler ; Vice President, C. 
E. Harding : Secretary, Benson Sewall ; Standing 
Committee, A. G. Pettengill, G. H. Pierce, F. H. 
Gile. 

At the annual meeting of the Reading Room 
Association the following officers were chosen : 
President, L. B. Lane ; Vice President, W. King ; 
Directors, A. E. Whitten, W. E. Nason, C. H. Dun- 
ning. 

The first eight in the appointments for Com- 
mencement are : F. W. Hall, Gorham ; W. H. 
Chapman, Bowdoinham ; W. L. Dane, Kennebnuk 
H. R. Giveen, Brunswick ; F. Goulding, Lewiston 
A. H. Holmes, Brunswick ; H. L. Maxcy, Portland 
P. Winter, Bethel. 

The following are the names of those taking the 
Senior prizes : Extemporaneous composition, E. W. 
Bartlett, East Bethel ; H. W. Grindal, Salem, Mass. 
For excellence in composition, H. W. Grindal, 
Salem, Mass. ; H. L. Maxcy, Portland ; E. W. Bart- 
lett, East Bethel ; H. A. Wing, Mattawarakeag. 

A meeting of the Athletic Association was held 
in the Freshman recitation room on Monday, June 
14, at 1 P.M. The report of the committee for 
Field Day was submitted and accepted. A vote of 
thanks was extended to the officers ; and that the 
surplus money be deposited until sufficient be 
accumulated to purchase a suitable cup for the Tug- 
of-War. 

Seniors played their game of base-ball Tuesday, 
June 15th. The nines were named the Pearnoth- 
ings and Knownothings. After four exciting innings 
the game was closed with the score 20 to 18 in 
favor of the Fearnothings. The features of the 
game, besides the general good playing, were the 
remarkable record of Grindal, he making but one 
error, and the strong umpiring for both sides. 

Deep in a corner, 

Almost a " gonner," 
Conning his numerous " cribs " ; 

Quiet the Fresh sat, 

Wholly iutent at 
Strengthening trembling ribs. 

By crowding in rudely, 

Planning it shrewdly, 
This corner he managed to fix ; 

For if he went there 

With text-book all bare, 
He couldn't get coveted six. 

Then rising up boldly. 
Glancing round coldly, 
He made a magnificent " sail "; 



While the poor honest wight 
Got wound up so tight 
As to turn every doubting man pale. 

When the term bills came home. 

And his big rank was known. 
The first got a neat double X, 

While the honest young man. 

Now gets what he can 
By peddling emerald specs. 



PSI UPSILON CONVENTION. 

The fortj^-seventh annual convention of 
the Psi Upsilon Fraternity met with the Phi 
Chapter at Ann Arbor, May 26th and 27th. 
Graduate or undergraduate delegates repre- 
sented every chapter. Business sessions vpere 
held morning and afternoon of both days, 
the literary exercises on the evening of the 
first day and the banquet on the evening of 
the second day. The business was transacted 
in the new chapter-house of the Phi, which 
has recently been erected at a cost of $15,000. 
At the literary exercises. Prof. Chas. K. 
Adams, LL.D., (Phi, '61,) presided and deliv- 
ered a very able address of welcome. Hon. 
Clarkson N. Potter (Theta, '42,) delivered an 
oration on the political condition of the coun- 
trj'. Charles Dudley Warner read an essay 
on " The Western Man." After these exer- 
cises a reception was held at the chapter- 
house, at whicli several hundred persons were 
present. On Friday evening the delegates 
went by special train to Detroit, where nearly 
a hundred members partook of the conven- 
tion banquet. Prof. E. L. Walter (Phi, '68,) 
read an ode, and Perry H. Smith, of Chicago, 
acted as toast master. The convention finall}' 
adjourned in the early morning hours, after 
one of the pleasantest and most profitable 
sessions in the history of the fraternity. 



ALPHA DELTA PHI CONVENTION. 

The 48th annual convention of Alpha Delta 
Phi met at Rochester, N. Y., May 26th and 
27th ; and business of much importance was 
transacted at the secret sessions held in Odd 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



61 



Fellows Temple. A telegram of congratula- 
tion was sent to the Psi Upsilon Convention 
at Ann Arbor, and a reply received the next 
morning. The reception given to the dele- 
gates by wives of the resident Alpha Delts, 
was held in Power's Gallery of Fine Arts, 
and although something nevei- attempted 
before, was a complete success. 

The public exercises were held in the 
Corinthian Academy of Music, which was 
adorned by floral decorations both numerous, 
beautiful, and appropriate, and were attended 
by a large and cultivated audience, including 
many noted members of the fraternity. The 
subject for the evening, " The Twentieth Cen- 
tury," held the closest attention for two 
hours, when tiie delegates and others partook 
of an elaborate banquet at the Osborn House. 
Hon. E. H.Roberts, of Yale, '50, presided and 
acted as toast master, and it was well into 
the small hours before the parting song was 
sung. The convention was one of the best 
ever held, and one long to be remembered by 
those present. 



BASE-BALL. 

The Bowdoins met the Colbys upon their 
grounds in Waterville, Wednesday, June 
16th, defeating them 11 to 1. The Bowdoins 
were sent to the bat and scored one run. 
The Colbys then went in and, favored by five 
errors, were allowed to score their only run. 
In the third innings the Bowdoins got five 
base hits, and assisted by the errors of the 
Colbys brought in seven runs. After this 
both nines steadied down to their woi-k, and 
it was mostly one, two, three, and out. 

The best playing for the Bowdoins was 
done by Wilson, Knapp, and Staples. For 
the Colbys, Worcester, Woodcock, and Wads- 
worth played the best game. The Colbys 
undoubtedly played the best fielding game of 
any played against the Bowdoins this season. 
The treatment of the Bowdoins by the Colby 
nine and students was gentlemanly, all seem- 



ing to be anxious to make the visit a pleasant 
one. The next game will be played in Bruns- 
wick, Saturday, June 26th. Below is the 
score in full : 



WilsoD, p 3 

Smith,!, f. 5 

Siiow,r.f. 5 

Knapp, c 5 

Haggerty, c. f..6 

Maxcy, s. 8 5 

" lea, lb 5 



Rog< 



,2b.. 



Gardner, 3b.... 6 14 1 
Total . 



COLBYS. 

PO A E AB 1b TBR H po a 

6 Ryder, s.s 4 14 15 

10 Lord, 1. f 4 4 3 

1 1 Worcester, c. ..4 3 3 1 
7 2 3 Woodcock, 3b. . 4 4 6 

2 1 Andrews, c.f... 3 13 
3 1 1 1 Marshall, p 3 6 

11 0;Judkins, r. f. ..3 2 

3 3 l:Wadsworth,lb.3 16 

1 1 1 ChapUn, 2b 3 12 



.43 9 56 U 27 13 9 Total 31 2 14 127 20 13 



Bowdoins 1 7 10 

Colbys 1 

Struck out— Bowdoins, 3 ; Colbys, 1. Balls called- 
Marshall, 71. Strikes called— off Wilson, 19 ; off Marshall 25 'Time of 
game— 1 hour 20 minutes. Scorers— H. B. Wilson, C. A. True UmDire— 
E. F. King, Colby, '80. ^ 



0—1 

I Wilson, 25 ; 



PERSONAL. 



[We earnestly solicit coinuiuuioatinns to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

']8.— Rufus Anderson, D.D., died at his home in 
Boston Highlands, Sunday morning, May 30th. 
He was born in that part of North Yarmouth, Me., 
now known as Cumberland, in the year 1796. 
Having graduated at Andover Seminary in 1822, he 
engaged in the service of the American Board of 
Foreign Missions, and for thirty-four years ful- 
filled the duties of Foreign Secretary with clear 
judgment and Christian courtesy. During this time 
he visited the countries lying about the Mediterra- 
nean Sea three times, and once extended his visit 
to India ; in later years he visited the Sandwich 
Islands. He has published important missionary 
works. For many years his quiet home in the 
Highlands has been a place of rest and comfort for 
returning missionaries. 

'37.— John Orr Fiske preached the conference 
sermon at the Maine General Conference, at Fox- 
croft. 

'42.— Rev. John Diusmore was chosen Modera- 
tor of Kennebec County Congregational Conference. 

'55.— Rev. B. P. Snow is one of the delegates 
from York County to the National Council in St. 
Louis, to be held in October. 

'57.— Rev. Cyrus Stone has received the appoint- 
ment to the pastorate at Rockland, in the East 
Maine (Methodist) Conference. 

'59.— William Gray Newell died in Illinois, May, 
1880. 

'64. — Webster Woodbury was chosen as dele- 



62 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



gate from Somerset County to the National Cou- 
gregatioual Council. 

'68. — Robert L. Packard has resigned his posi- 
tion in the Patent Office, and is now under Major 
Howell in the United States Geographical and Geo- 
logical Survey. 

76.— Prof. A. H. Sabin has received the appoint- 
ment of Professor of Chemistry in the University of 
Vermont. 

'79. — Mr. Albert H. Pennell has resigned his 
position as Instructor in Mathematics and the Natu- 
ral Sciences at the Hallowell Classical Academy. 



COLIxEaE WORLD. 



ATHLETICS. 



A lawn tennis club of eight members has 
recently been formed at Williams. 

Three new single sculls are being built by the 
Columbia Boat Club, and more will be provided if 
necessary. 

The great Kichmond, it is authoritatively said, 
will be a member of the Harvard Medical School 
next winter. 

Race between the four-oared crews of Columbia, 
Cornell, and perhaps other colleges, on Lake George, 
at Caldwell, N. Y., July 16. 

It has been proposed that the Harvard Bicycle 
Club ride in a body to New London, Jane 29th, 
spending two days on the journey. 

Annual race of Princeton, Columbia, and Penn- 
sylvania University's four-oared crews, for the 
Childs Challenge Vase, on the Schuylkill River, at 
Philadelphia, June 28. 



CLIPPINGS. 



Student — " Professor, how do you take ruSs .? " 
Professor (abstractedly)— "With considerable sugar, 
thank you." — Record. 

Our chapel choir's singing is like drift wood 
floating on a stream— it drags on the bars, but don't 
amount to a dam. — Princetonian. 

First Junior—" What was that tender thing of 
Hood's now?" Second Junior— "Oh, yes! you 
mean his— er — Tale of the Shirt." 

In Senior examination in International Law, one 
of the class was assigned " The Right of Search." 
It was gratefully accepted and diligently employed. 
—Hx. 

Prof, in Political Economy—" Why have woolens, 
cotton, and hosiery lately risen ? " Junior (pushed 



to the wall) — " Er — er — Vassar's got an elevator." — 
Student. 

A Junior being asked if his knowledge of a 
chair was a priori or a posteriori, said a posteriori. 
He did not see why the class laughed. — Ex. 

Professor — " Can any one tell us the original of 
the expression ' Go to ! ' " Embryo minister—" Per- 
haps there was something more to it once, and they 
left it off because it did not sound well." — Beacon. 

There was a young lady in specs. 
Who was known as Miss Mary Anne 5 ; 

With her heavenly cheek, 

And her Hellenic Greek, 
She mashed Proctors, Professors, and Prex. 

—Ex. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



As the end of the term draws near the majority 
of the college papers are almost entirely occupied 
with accounts of Field Days, Commencement exer- 
cises and other local matters. Of course, under 
such circumstances, the papers are not as interest- 
ing to us as they usually are, yet each is doubtless 
interesting to its own patrons, and thus it accom- 
plishes its desired object. 

The Oherlin Beview, however, takes upon itself 
the task of criticising all the Eastern college papers 
in a body, because they record what is going on in 
the colleges from day to day. The trouble is that 
Ufe at Oberlin is so different from life at nearly all 
our other colleges, that they cannot appreciate 
merit in anything which is not conducted according 
to Oberlin methods. To change college journals to 
what the Beview would like, would require a radical 
reformation in our colleges, for every good paper 
reflects the sentiment and life of its college. Also, 
there is a very decided difl'erence of opinion every- 
where, as to the advisability of making college 
papers heavy, literary magazines, and trying to 
compete with our old North American Bevieiv. 

The editorial articles in the Amherst Student 
are very good in the last number, — we have seen 
no better ones in any of our exchanges. The other 
departments are well conducted, and the paper is 
one of the best we receive. 

The Spectator is readable as usual. In the arti- 
cle on Life at Columbia, it is spoken of as a great 
hardship to be waked at half-past eight a.m. ; also 
prayers are said to occur at half-past nine. Let us 
have some such arrangement here, by all means ! 

At Wabash College co-education is strongly 
advocated. The Wabash speaks of it as not a 
matter of choice for the college but of policy and 
necessity on account of the decrease of students in 
that institution during the last few years. One of 
their Professors contributes a scientific article on 
the diamond, which is a very interesting exposition 
of the qualities of this wonderful mineral, yet we 
doubt the wisdom of making the paper a scientific 
journal. 




#ia 




Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JULY 14, 1880. 



No. 6. 



boavdoijst orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Mauagiug Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W". Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances slinuld be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Tol. X., No. 6.— July 14, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 63 

Literary : 

Class Day Oration. —The Progres.s of American 

Art .". 66 

Class Poem 69 

Sunday Services 71 

Class bay 72 

Commencement Day 7.3 

The New Curriculum 74 

College Items 75 

Base-Ball 77 

Personal 78 

Resolutions 78 



"EDITORIAL MOTES. 



By request of the class, we publish in full 
the oration and poem of Class Da}^ They 
are both excellent productions and are cer- 
tainly worthy to be preserved as the best 
memorabilia for this long-to-be-remembered 
occasion. Any desiring extra copies of this 
number should at once address the Business 
Manager, as the edition was limited. 



In looking back at the end of this j^ear, 
we can see considei'able improvement in 



nearly every department of the college, and 
with very good I'eason can expect still more 
during the next. The classes have not been 
particularly large, not quite as much so as we 
would wish ; but from appearances, the next 
Freshman class will be of very respectable 
size. The cui'riculum has not been materially 
changed, but what has been done has been for 
the better. The course in history has been 
much extended and improved ; psychology has 
received much more attention than heretofore ; 
there has been some instruction in elocution ; 
and the examinations in nearly all the studies 
have been much more rigid and searching. 

Butit is in our .sports that we iiave made our 
greatest improvement. The boating interest 
has much exceeded that of years past, and, if 
it be next year what it now promises, it must 
result in sending a fine crew to represent us 
abroad. The base-ball record is, on the whole, 
quite satisfactory. The Bates have been 
beaten, and on their own grounds, which. has 
not been done before for years ; while the 
championship of the State is now a tie between 
the Bates and Bowdoins, each winning one 
college series and four college games out of 
seven played. Next year, as it now seems, we 
can reasonably look for better things ; and 
with proper care and management, can place 
the Bowdoins where they should be, at the head. 

The interest in general athletics has also 
advanced. Many former records have been 
beaten, and other fine ones made, — in some 
instances comparing very favorably with those 
of the inter-collegiate contests, — though in 
foot-ball, la crosse, etc., nothing has been done. 
Next fall some attempt should be made to 
revive these, and it need not be long before 
we can have a good place in them also. 



64 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The general health of the college has been 
good, though perhaps the excuses to the class 
oflScers might seem to tell a different story ; 
and the true, lo3'al college spirit has been 
much increased by the general satisfaction 
and pleasant relations with the Faculty. 

As we said before we can look forward to 
the next season witli pleasure. With Memo- 
rial Hall finished ; a large and fine Freshman 
class to supplement the energy and ability in 
college ; with a new curriculum more popular 
and better adapted to our needs ; with the 
assurance of amicable relations between 
classes, students, and Faculty ; the year of '81 
should be a memorable one in the history of 
Bowdoin. 



The Commencement of '80 has come and 
gone, and it has brought together a larger 
number of Alumni than usual to renew the 
acquaintances and associations of former 
years. The class reunions have not been 
very numerous, for the classes, especially the 
older ones, have become so widely scattered; 
but every Ahunnus has seemed to come back 
thoroughly imbued with the sentiment of 
loyalty and love for his Alma Mater, and to 
bear witness to the good work she has done 
and the progress she lias made. These huge 
annual reunions have strengthened and will 
strengtiien the college, by increasing the 
class and college feeling in every one ; and 
they will revive the old, and provide for new 
ways for filling the pressing needs of the in- 
stitution. We hope that all who came back 
were not fully satisfied with the present ap- 
pearance of things, and that during the com- 
ing year they may be able to aid as much 
as they have expressed the desire to do so, 
in order to place the college where they 
would like to see it. 



Among the good things that have been 
accomplished at this Commencement, have 
been the arrangements for the publication of 



the history of the college. That it will be a 
faithful, able, and valuable work is assured 
by its authors, and it will be one that every 
true son of Bowdoin should possess. The 
labor that has been expended in its prepara- 
tion has been very great, and as no remuner- 
ation is expected for the work, it is but just 
that the Alumni should bear the trouble and 
expense of its publication. Most of the 
credit for this splendid work is due to the ef- 
forts of our venerable and beloved Pro- 
fessor Packard, and the devotion of his long 
and useful life to the college is now most fitly 
crowned by this labor of loyalty and love. 



One of the features of Commencement 
week that should be abolished, is tiie Com- 
mencement Concert; it always results in a 
deficit, and rarely gives the satisfaction that 
is expected from the artists. Considerable 
stir was made this year to do awaj' with it, 
and we hope that next year it may become 
large enough to be successful. The people of 
the town will not patronize this concert no 
matter how good it may be, and if a large 
sum is expended in securing fine talent to 
draw a large audience from abroad, the out- 
la3' cannot be realized; while if the concert 
is cheaper the crowd will be smaller, and 
then, of course, there is a loss. Thus it 
seems to be about as broad as it is long, and 
it is about time for a change. 



At the Alumni Dinner, last Thursday, 
Rev. Dr. Webb made some timely and fitting 
remarks, in which he spoke of the Faculty 
leaving the Commencement exercises, and 
condemned them for so doing. This was 
spoken at the right time and right place, and 
we tender him the hearty thanks of the stu- 
dents for his bold and manly stand. It is 
hard enough for a young man, inexperienced 
in public speaking, to address a wholly inap- 
preciative audience on a hot day, and when 
he perceives that the Faculty, who are ex- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



65 



pectecl to be present and listen, are either in- 
attentive or absent, then it cannot be won- 
dered that he is careless or discouraged. 

Perhaps the Faculty have not thought of 
this, but this thoughtlessness is all the more 
inexcusable since they do not mingle with the 
students to find out what they really do and 
think on matters of college interest, and it is 
only by such bold and timely words as Dr. 
Webb spoke, that they will be called to a full 
realizing sense of their duty. 



After a most successful Commencement, 
the class of '80 has left the walls of " Old 
Bowdoin," and gone to make a name and 
place for themselves in the world without. 
Their career in college has been a checkered 
one, but it is one of which they have good 
reason to be proud in its remembrance, for it 
has always been characterized bj^ thorough 
loyalty to the class and college. They have 
no remarkable reputation for scholarship, 3'et 
but few classes have gone forth for whom a 
brighter future can be predicted, and who 
have enjoyed to a higher degree the respect 
and good will of the Faculty. 

But it is to the great energj^ and abilitj^ 
that '80 has ever displayed in the various col- 
lege sports, that the chief praise should be 
given. To them must be the chief credit for 
the building of the new boat-house, and for 
the great revival of the boating and athletic 
interests during the last two years, and the 
records they have made in them but few 
classes can surpass. They have ever been 
hard rivals, but generous ones, in the various 
college contests, and we are sure that as they 
leave us, there is no man connected with 
tlie college Faculty, or undergraduates, but 
what will wish the best of prosperity and 
happiness for the " Jolly Boys of '80." 



In base-ball, as in boating, there is consid- 
erable chance for honest criticism, and to 
consider where and how we may improve 



next season. Nor can this criticism be 
confined to the nine or its managers alone, 
but to the whole of the students for the spirit 
which they have sometimes manifested in these 
matters during this last term. That nothing 
succeeds like success is well shown in the fact 
that most of the carping and faultfinding was 
done after the defeats, while after the vic- 
tories everything was above reproach. It is 
evident that there was the same management 
in one as in the other case, and, that in ever}- 
contest, each man worked honestly and ear- 
nestly to win. That criticism of the nine and 
its management is sometimes necessary, is 
true ; but the critic should be one, who has 
clone all that lies in his power, financially or 
otherwise, for its success, and even then there 
is no need for loud, abusive, and violent 
language. 

In their playing every man, undoubtedly, 
did the best he could, but the fielding and 
batting can be, and must be, improved to 
accomplish what we should next year. We 
now have the requisite mateiial for a fine 
nine ; and, if proper judgment and energy is 
displayed in utilizing it, without fear or favor 
to any in so doing, that record, for which all 
have so long and earnestly hoped, can be 
made 



Perhaps the one thing that has materially 
aided in sustaining pleasant relations between 
the Facultj^ and the students the past year, 
has been the constant and cordial support of 
all legitimate sports by the former. The boys 
have worked hard this season to make a cred- 
itable record for the college and themselves. 
This fact the Faculty have seemed to recog- 
nize, and that it results directly in a great 
benefit to the college without any detriment to 
the scholarship of the men engaged. During 
the past season, the Faculty have often aided 
the boating, base-ball, and athletic interests ; 
not only by their presence and words of 
encouragement; but also by more substantial 



66 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and permanent means when necessary, thus 
showing that they realized that the welfare of 
these legitimate sports and the true prosperity 
and contentment of the college are identical. 
Throughout the college, there now seems to 
be an intense and growing sentiment of col- 
lege loyalty, and that old spirit of grumbling 
and dissatisfaction, so strong while the interest 
in physical culture was but small, has quite 
departed with its increase. The importance 
of physical as well as mental and intellectual 
training, is appreciated by the authorities ; and, 
just so long as it so continues, these feelings 
and these pleasant relations will continue to 
exist and strengthen. 



CLASS DAY ORATION.— THE PROG- 
RESS OF AMERICAN ART. 

BY FKEDEEIC W. HALL. 

The circumstances of the early settlers in 
this country wei'C peculiar, and resulted in a 
peculiar people. The persecution which had 
driven them here, and the character which 
had brought this persecution upon them, to- 
gether with the want and danger which con- 
tinually threatened them, all tended to make 
a stout, vigorous, shrewd race of men.; 
and to develop to the utmost their coarser 
and more practical powers. For the fine arts 
they had neither time nor inclination, and 
the opinions of their descendents, in this, as 
in other things, have followed theirs; so that 
the piogress of American art, of wliich I am 
about to speak, has been correspondingly slow. 

The early settlers of New England were 
above all good haters. When they hated a 
thing they hated it thoroughly, and every- 
thing connected with it. The Catholic 
church had alwa3's been known as the patron 
of art; the grandest works of the old mas- 
ters had represented scenes from the New 
Testament ; but these stern iconoclasts con- 
demned everything connected with the Cath- 



olic church, and denounced the magnificent 
sculptures of Angelo, and the beautiful paint- 
ings of Raphael alike as wicked idols. But 
paintings, moreover, had always been associ- 
ated with kings and nobles, and were looked 
upon by these moralists as among the numer- 
ous vices which surround a court ; so that art 
for its ozvn sake was condemned. Doubtless, 
if any Plymouth or Salem limner had under- 
taken more than a simple silhouette, he would 
have been watched as a suspicious character, 
and very likely have had his ears cropped or 
been sent back to England as a perverter of 
the public morals. No wonder, then, that it 
was a hundred and fifty years before painting 
gained a strong foothold in New England ; 
and that even now Boston is inferior as an 
art center to either New York or Philadel- 
phia. The other provinces did n(jt manifest 
this hatred but were totally indifferent, ex- 
cept Virginia, where the royalists, by whom it 
was settled, kept alive a love — or rather a 
memory, of tlie fine arts, by means of their 
family portraits. But Virginia had not the 
energy of the northern colonies, and to tliem 
we must look for Avhatever has been or shall 
be done. 

American art is divided into three distinct 
periods bj' well defined limits. The first ex- 
tends from the arrival of Snuybert in Boston 
in 1725, to the death of Stuart a hundred 
years later. The second from the latter date 
to the Rebellion. And the third down to the 
present time. To Bishop Berkeley, to whom 
this country owes so much, is due the credit 
of giving tiie first impulse, by persuading 
Snuj^bert to settle in this country. Although 
he was an artist of no more than mediocre 
talent, and painted nothing but portraits, 
Snuybert undoubtedly gave a great im- 
pulse to art in New England. The most 
peculiar thing about early American art, 
is the sudden appearance of the greatest 
painters the country has ever produced, at a 
time when there was no gallery or school of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



67 



art, no house or church decoration, not even 
a public building of any pretension in 
the country. First and foremost came 
Benjamin West. Born so far from civiliza- 
tion that he obtained his first paints from 
the Indians, entirely self-taught, he jjainted 
pictures which contained touclies that he 
never surpassed. But there was no demand 
for such a genius among the Quakers of 
Pennsjdvania, and he was early compelled to 
go to England, where iiis talents were at 
once recognized, and a few j^ears saw him 
the President of the Royal Academy, the 
favorite of the King and of Europe. The 
experience of Copley was much the same ; 
nearlj' all his pictures painted on this 
side the water are portraits of members of 
the royal government. With Stuart and 
Trumbull it was somewhat different. The 
nation had been born, and the worthies of the 
new government and the heroes of the Revo- 
lution, following the example of their former 
rulers, allowed their faces to be immortalized. 
But even then, although patriotism demanded 
a national school, the patronage was not suf- 
ficient to keep the leading artists from En- 
gland ; and Stuart and Trumbull as well as 
Allston, who followed, passed much of their 
lives there. 

With Stuart's death ended the first period 
and first school of American' art, if it can 
be called American, for the five great 
artists who composed it and stood head and 
shoulders above all contemporaries were 
better known in Europe than in Amer- 
ica. Their masters were English, their pat- 
ronage was English, their style was English, 
and in short hardly anything was American 
but their birthplaces. They were all histor- 
ical painters, and like most painters of that 
class were obliged to support themselves by 
portrait painting. By their intense enthu- 
siasm for art, in spite of all obstacles, they 
prepared the way for the national art of the 
future, and were always eager to assist any 



aspiring painter. Faults they certainly had, 
but their excellencies outnumbered their 
faults ; and while we cannot but think that 
the following school was better suited to the 
country and the age, we should not forget 
the honor due to them as the pioneers of 
American art. 

The next school, which dates from the foun- 
dation of the American Academy of Design in 
1828, is the first strictly American school. 
The period succeeding the Revolution had 
been one of change, when the great question of 
existence engaged the attention of the new 
republic ; but with the settlement of this 
question and the i-eturn of order and prosper- 
ity, there arose a demand for the fine arts 
which resulted in the formation of the Land- 
scape School. It was a spontaneous up- 
rising in a country where the native race was 
not interesting, the type of the people had 
not become settled, and nothing was wholly, 
grandly beautiful, but the scenery. At 
this time Americans first realized their na- 
tionality. It was evident in the writings 
of Irving, Cooper, Bryant, and Longfellow; 
and the artists, following their example, cut 
loose from the old European models. Dought}^ 
led the way with his views of the Hudson 
and Catskills, and at once the eyes of the 
artists were opened. They discovered that 
the human figure was not the only subject 
worthy of the canvas ; that there had been a 
world of beauty hidden in the mountains, 
lakes, and valleys of their own land. Fol- 
lowing Doughty came Thomas Cole, Durand, 
and a score of others, who assisted in maldng 
this a distinct American school ; and their suc- 
cess shows that the}' had struck a responsive 
chord in the hearts of their countrymen. 
Strength and breadth were somewhat subord- 
inate to delicacy and finish, as might be 
expected among new painters, who could 
grasp parts rather than wholes ; but it was a 
normal growth, backed by no foreign patron- 
age, following the natural growth of the 



68 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



people in culture and refinement ; and had not 
the public taste and public morals been de- 
based by the Rebellion, would noAV jjrobably 
be known as the American school. 

With the war all was changed. A class 
of newly enriched men rose to the surface, 
and to fill their newly built houses and 
galleries an abnormal demand sprung up. 
The taste of the purchaser, as we may 
well imagine, was not of the highest. The 
quiet, delicate paintings of the Landscape 
School gave way to brilliant daubs in green, 
yellow, and red. As the heart of the new 
rich man yearns naturally after anything 
French, our artists were encouraged to shuu 
all originalilj'" and devote themselves to mak- 
ing wretched imitations from Messonier and 
Gerome. Society was shoddy and flash, and 
art, to suit it, must also be shoddy and flash. 
The currency was inflated, the country was 
inflated, the people were inflated, and art was 
inflated too. All schools were broken up ; 
everj' artist was his own teacher, though the 
prevailing tendency was to imitate the modern 
French schools in coloring and subjects. 

But this period of disorder is nearly over. 
Out of this chaos we are gradually emerging 
and taking definite form and direction. The 
art schools of Boston, New York, and Phila- 
delphia, with their distinguished masters, have 
been the principal agents in arousing this 
interest. Hunt started the new movement, 
and around him has grown up a body of 
young, enthusiastic painters, Avhose success 
shows that men with a deep love for nature 
and the ideal, can do strong, original work 
here, without studying twent}' years abroad. 
The new school has not yet reached the posi- 
tion which it should oceujjy, and it is rather 
as a school of promise than of achievement 
that we can speak of it. It partakes too 
much of the surroundings from which it arose, 
but we must remember that it is only a step 
to something higher. As the American 
nation draws from every country, so its art 



will partake of the merits of them all. The na- 
tional character is becoming more firmly fixed, 
and in that character is implanted a strong love 
for art. It is seen in the rapidly increasing 
number of galleries and museums which have 
been founded by private individuals; and in 
the increasing demand for an art education, 
shown by the large number of new schools 
for instruction. This is a most encouraging- 
sign ; for it is upon the mass of the people in 
this country that the artists depend, not on 
any privileged class. Art travels by no royal 
road ; it cannot run, it walks step by step and 
the taste of the people leads it. Before we 
can have a grand national school, the whole 
mass of the people must be raised to a cer- 
tain standard. It took a nation of musicians 
to produce Mozart, Mendelssohn, and Beetho- 
ven, and it will take a nation with a love for 
art, and correct art, to produce a Rubens or a 
Rembrant. Every influence should be set to 
work to bring the people to this standard. 
The collection in the possession of this college 
should not be left to moulder on the damp 
walls of the chapel. It should long before 
this have been brought out from its obscurity 
to take its place, where it belongs, near the 
head of American collections. And Bowdoin 
should be known as a college where the fine 
arts are cultivated and a correct taste im- 
parted ; though,' perhaps, it would be difficult 
to do this so long as the once plain panels in 
the chapel are disfigured by some of the 
pi'esent daubs, a disgrace to the good taste of 
the college, and bad enough to make the fig- 
ures in the gallery above start from the canvas. 
But our gallery might be a power in New 
England, and we have good reason to hope 
that with the increased prosperity of the col- 
lege it may be known, as it should be, as the 
best college collection in the country. 

The prospects for art in this country in 
the future are most promising. Science and 
literature have obtained a firm foothold 
here, and there is good cause to hope that 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



69 



time may transfer the center of art even, to 
this side the water. We are getting the 
monej' here, and talent must follow money. 
With increased wealth will come increased 
culture, and with culture a demand for a pure 
national school of art. And with this demand 
will come a true national style. It will not 
be as luxurious or sensuous as that of Europe, 
for Puritanism in art looks with suspicion on 
anything mellow, languishing, or rich in color. 
It will be perfectly pure — proper, would be 
perhaps the better word. It will never offend 
the public taste or injure the public morals. 
It will draw much of its inspiration from 
nature, for nature is the only fully developed 
object in the countiy. It will never become 
monotonous, for the country is too large with 
too varied tastes. But it will be strong, 
pure, and vigorous, like the people it is to 
please, and the nation it is to represent. 



CLASS POEM. 
BowDoiN Class Day, July 6, 1880. 



BY EMERY W. BARTLETT. 



Tempora mutaniur, nos et mutamur in illis. 

I Stood upon a lonely mountaiu-top, 

While far around and deep beneath, there lay 

A thick and heavy cloud of gloomy mist 

Which in its fleecy pall wrapped up the earth, 

The suu and the bright light of day. No sound 

Did issue from the floating mass. Noiseless 

As is the kiss of the moon's pale beam upon 

The silent lake, the clouds about me moved 

As though invisible spirits their breath diftlised 

To agitate the stillness of the air. 

Faint streaks of grayish light anon would seek 

To penetrate the gloomy veil ; but soon 

Were lost imiuiugled with the murky mass. 

The deep and awful silence filled my soul, 

Oppressed my heart, and weighed me down with 

thoughts 
Of sullen bitterness. Forever lost 
Seemed all the happy past; and only sad 
And shadowy images of unhappy hours 
To Memory's call responded. The golden dreams 
Of youthful days, the swiftly flitting scenes. 
The joys tliat once were mine, were vanished quite, 
And dark and drear as the mists about me spread 
Appeared the specters that their place usurped. 
In awe I gazed upon the dreary scene. 
And sighed, and longed to see the light once more. 



And lo ! while yet I gazed, athwart the gloom 
Did dart a golden beam which vanished not. 
Then to the sky my eyes I turned and saw, 
For in its depths, faint spots of azure blue 
Begirt by clouds no longer gray, but white 
With silvery brightness. Slowly the bright sun's 

rays 
Divided the darksome depths ; bis dazzling face 
Came dimly struggling through the misty veil, 
And light diffused around. Such magic power 
His touch possessed, that in a moment more. 
Like incense heavenward soariug, giant wreaths 
Of shining cloud arose as though impelled 
By enchantment of some mystic force. 
Ere long, around my lonely watchiug-place, 
New glory spread,— all clear and bright and pure. 

Behold how o'er the valley speeds 

The swiftly flying light ! 
The mist retires, — the scene stands forth 
In radiant beauty bright. 
The darksome clouds, just now so drear. 
Like guilty things have sped away, 
And rest above some silent gorge 
Which rarely sees the light of day. 

Now through the faint and silent air 

Fresh breezes gently blow. 
And to them bow the fields of grain 
And forest trees below. 
The mountain brooks dash from the rocks, 
Wild rushing, singing as they leap, 
And seem t'exult as though just roused, 
By Nature's kiss, from ling'riug sleep. 

I almost hear the songs of birds, 

Among the swaying trees ; 
I seem to catch a faint, dull sound 
Like distant hum of bees. 
I know that joy is everywhere. 
And hope and life in everything; 
The air, the woods, the teeming earth 
Awake to praise the sun, their king. 

Rejoice ! rejoice ! the streamlet shouts, 

Kejoice ! the field replies, — 
Rejoice ! rejoice I 'tis Nature's voice 
And man in heart complies. 
All things that live are now awake 
And smiling in the welcome light, 
While sordid care is driven away. 
Just as the morn dispels the night. 

While on this bright and lovely scene I gaze 
Behold a change appears ! Tlie gentle breeze, 
Just now as warm and soft as infants' breath, 
Grows fast and faster to a rushing gale ; 
While all the clouds which seemed to idly float, 
Like boats upou a deep and stagnant lake. 
Together roll, and in their folds collect 
In one huge mass, the mists of all the air. 
Hoarse-sounding murmurs from the depths below 
Fall on my ear, like sounds from an angry sea, 
And mingle with the fitful, sullen roar 
Of heavy blasts which 'round the summit sweep. 



70 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The sun hides uow his face ; and now looks forth 
And fiercely glares upon the darkening mass 
Which blacker grows with each successive gust. 
No trace remains of rock or hill or dale, 
Of stream or wood, in the valley at my feet. 
But all is covered o'er with inky cloud. 

And now succeeds the lightning's flash. 
The sudden pause,— th' tumultuous crash ; 
The echoes run from peak to peak 
And all the rocks and caverns speak. 
Swift rush the clouds by tempests driven 
And wildly dart the fires of Heaven, 
While crash aud roar and deaf'ning peal 
The elements' power to man reveal. 

The thunder's voices fainter grow ; 
The lightnings now no longer throw 
Thei'r fitful glare above my head, 
But far away their flashes spread 
O'er depths of cloud which augry glow 
And hoarse resound with nmtt'rings low. 
The valley, too, sends up the roar 
Of all the streamlets brimming o'er 
And rushing through ravine and plain. 
Enlivened by the copious rain. 

On bills but now in sunshine bright 

Descend the dismal shades of night ; 

From every part swift moves away 

The last faint trace of dying day. 

The neighb'ring peaks like sentinels tall 

Are grimly watching over all. 

Thousands of gales have swept their crests, 

Thousands of storms have drenched their breasts, 

Thousands of seasons of frost and cold,— 

Thousands of years away have rolled. 

Whilst they have stood as now they stand 

In silence gazing o'er the land. 



The angry storm has ceased to sweep. 
And all the winds are hushed in sleep. 
It seems that Death now rules the air, 
For night and gloom are everywhere. 

How like the grand, mysterious changes wrought 
By Nature's art in one brief hour of lime 
Are all of life's transition I Day and night 
Do not difler half as much as we ourselves, 
If we compare to-day with yesterday. 
The ever-changing clouds, the rushing gale. 
The lightning's brilliant flash, the furious storm. 
The glorious calm, the solemn night,— are all 
Exemplified in this strange life of oars. 
The change from summer's glad and golden days 
To winter's cold, and freezing, angry 'winds 
Is active ever ; but yet we fail to note 
Haw like it is to what goes on within. 

For life and growth together work with death 
Within ourselves as in the world without. 
At times both joy and hope abound; we breathe 
The richest perfumes in the air, aud Love, 
That choice elixir, feeds our souls with dreams 



As sweet as Eden's bliss. Our sky is bright 

And free from cloud ; while not a thought of change 

Disturbs the gentle flow of life's smooth stream. 

But Time with noiseless wings is hovering ever 

Above our heads ; aud as the years go by. 

We feel, but canuot see, his shadow "dark 

That o'er us slowly falls and hides our path ; 

Until at length some violent shock disturbs 

And startles us as from a troubled sleep. 

And we awake with bewildered, anxious gaze, 

Seeking, but finding not, the happy past. 

Ah ! then the sense of something wholly lost 

Prom out our lives comes stealing o'er our minds, 

And all too late, we realize the worth, 

The blessings and the wealth which once were ours 

But now, alas ! all gone,— faded forever. 

But not in vain are all regrets. The clouds 

That o'er us brood, the tears to memory shed. 

The earnest longings after vanished joys 

All have a use, and all a lesson teach. 

And now, my classmates, as we sever 

From scenes and friendships cherished long, 
Perhaps to hear no more forever 

The joyous laugh, the festal song. 
The boisterous shout, the happy greeting 

Which gladdened us in days gone by, 
We come to know that joy's as fleeting 

As twihght's glow upon the sky ; 

That all of life is full of changes. 

And all oui' years are as one day 
When gloomy cloud with sunshine I'anges 

And light and shade alternate play. 
For, lighter than the mists of morning 

Is all our early grief and care, 
Which flees, while yet the sun is dawning. 

Upon the gently stirring air. 

But when the parting hour is nearing, 

And daylight's beams but faintly glow. 
While misty shapes around appearing 

O'er all the scene their shadows throw. 
How like the storm-cloud darkly hovering 

On silent wings above our heads. 
The gloom that wraps its sable covering 

And o'er our hearts its mantle spreads ! 

This hour is not of utter sadness 

For Hope sends forth her cheerful rays, 
And thoughts of mingled pain aud gladness 

Attend us on our several ways. 
We leave these halls a band unbroken ; 

For Death, while raging through the land, 
From us has never sought a token 

Nor on us laid his dreaded hand. 

linger long, ye memories pleasant 
Of college days,— our happy days ! 

And like bright spirits ever present 
Be guides to us iu Life's dark maze. 

And in the midst our spheres of duty 
When doubt and care upon us fall, 

The past will shine with changeless beauty 
Obedient to Memory's call. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



71 



SUNDAY SERVICES. 

It was tlie good fortune of the Praying 
Circle to get Rev. Dr. Field, of Bangor, to 
preach the sermon Sunday morning of Com- 
mencement week. With the exception of 
but three or four, all the active members of 
the circle were present and occupied seats in 
the body of the house. 

Dr. Field spoke from the words, " Watch 
and Pray." He said : Man does not blossom 
into manhood with a simple and natural im- 
pulse — as the flower opens its petals ; God 
has not so much made us as he has made it 
possible for us to make ourselves. Work is 
better than genius. However much idle the- 
orists may have discredited it, it is true that 
the greatest workers have been prayerful 
men — heroes in action have ever been chil- 
dren in prayer. If work and prayer are not 
combined, either pride or despair will follow. 
Pride is such a blemish to character that all 
virtues are often hidden by it. Failure can 
not bring despair to a praj^erful man — a truly 
good man cannot fail. The speaker closed 
with an earnest appeal to the young men 
whose opportunity it is to live in a time 
when tliere has never been more to be hoped 
or feared for the future, and never such activ- 
ity and change. 

The earnest simplicity of the speaker 
breathed into his words a potent influence. 

The Baccalaureate was delivered at 4 p.m. 
in the church, before a very large and culti- 
vated audience, the subject being the " Con- 
flict of Laws." The text was from Romans 
vii:23. The point was made that some of 
these so-called conflicts are not really conflicts 
of laws, but of the ambiguous and figurative 
meanings we attach to the term. Law in its 
true sense was then defined as a rule of 
action laid down by a master having power 
to enforce his command. Four tests were 
given of law proper, as distinguished from 
what is called so metaphysically. 

First, it implies authority. 



Second, it is addressed to intelligence. 

Third, it is addressed to freedom ; that is, 
it is capable of being disobeyed. 

Fourth, it is supported by sanctions. 

The lawgiver has power to enforce his 
command or cause the violator of it to suffer 
evil. It was shown that the sphere of posi- 
tive law gave peculiar opportunity for conflict 
of laws. First, because their sources are dif- 
ferent. Many laws from many masters are 
binding on us at the same time. Second, 
because law is fully bi'ought to light by slow 
stages — epochs of revelation. Third, con- 
flicts of laws arise from having different in- 
terpretations, but after all it is not God's pur- 
pose that we should be free from conflict and 
struggle with the forces and laws that en- 
viron us. In this lies the discipline of life and 
character. The end of law is to bring out the 
worth of man. There is a responsibility on 
each one, and on each one the consequences 
must fall. 

But there is something greater than law. 
Something toward which it is the road. " For 
the law is a schoolmaster to lead us to 
Christ." May we not fall short of that goal. 

Gentlemen of the graduating class, the 
hour has come to which you have been look- 
ing forward to for four years. You go forth 
in stirring times. There are great masters in 
the world. There are great questions to be 
answered. Have a clear, keen conscience. 
Cultivate a habit of obedience, a largeness of 
spirit. The universe is under the govern- 
ment of One. Don't stand alone. You have 
been one. Will you not be one still for 
right? By whatever road you go, in what- 
ever work yo>i are engaged, will you not be 
still one ? Shall not we all bring in a harvest 
at last to our God, who ever lives and loves ? 
There is one God, one law, one far-off, divine 
event to which the whole creation is moving. 



The music of the mowiug machine on the 
I campus soothed, our recitations. 



72 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



CLASS DAY. 
The Class Day of '80 may well be called 
a success, and. literally closed their college 
course with a blaze of glory. The morning 
was wet and foggy, and gave promise of an 
unpleasant day ; but after the exercises in the 
church the sun began to appear through the 
clouds, and it took but a short time to com- 
pletely clear the sky and dry the campus, and 
the remainder of the day and evening was all 
that could be wished. The exercises in the 
church began at 10.30, where the following 
programme was presented: 

MUSIC. 

Prayer W. P. Ferguson. 

MUSIC. 

Oration F. W. Hall. 

MUSIC. 

Poem E. W. Bartlett. 

These parts were truly excellent both in 
composition and delivery, and we will leave 
all to criticise for themselves as both are pub- 
lished in full in this number. 

The audience was quite large and testified 
bj^ their applause to their appreciation of the 
exercises. 

At 3 P.M. a large audience had gathered 

around the Thorndike Oak and listened to the 

following parts : 

Opening Address— The Ideal in Life G. L. Weil. 

History H. A. Wing. 

Prophecy E. C. Burbaiik. 

Closing Address H. W. Grindal. 

The Opening Address by Mr. Weil was a 
fine one and was very well received, and it 
certainly made a great addition to the pro- 
gramme of previous j^ears. 

The History of Mr. Wing was somewhat 
lengthy but held the closest attention of the 
audience to its close. It was witty, pointed, 
and very well written, and by those competent 
to judge was considered the best history that 
has been delivered for a long time. 

The Prophecy of Burbank was in parts 
original and witty, and it met with very good 
favor from the class and audience, but some 
parts showed lack of careful preparation. 



The Closing Address of Grindal was very 
appropriate, easily and pleasantly written, 
and was well received by his hearers. 

The class then proceeded to the space 
roped off, when they sang the following Ode 
by A. H. Holmes : 

How strange that life's purest and rarest of blossoms, 
Though constantly yielding their gladdening per- 
fume, 
Scarce awake in full measure response in our bosoms. 
Till lost in their fragrance and perished their 
bloom ! 
Thus almost unnoticed the blessings around us 
Have passed scarcely known by the hearts they 
would cheer ; 
But now full remembrance of promise that crowned 
us, 
Returns as the season of parting draws near. 

And surely 'tis meet, as we stand on the border, 

Which divides the dim future from memory's 
domain, 
To review the heart-music our union has taught us, — 

Soou to mingle its notes with life's sober refrain, 
In Friendship's remembrance it matters not whether 

'Tis sorrow or joy life's dark urn holds in store ; 
Though friends long united no more walk together, 

Tet, brothers in heart we'll be one as of yore. 

And when in the noontide of manhood's exertion. 

Perchance when sustaining a rugged career, 
Overcome by life's toils or fortune's reversion, 

We seek for repose in remembrances dear ; 
Howe'er joyous the hours that heaven has sent us. 

Or with what happy moments our lives may be 
blest. 
We'll turn to the picture-hung gallery of memory 

And find Alma Mater the brightest and best. 

Then came tlie smoking of the Pipe of 
Peace. All did nobly, but those who tried to 
appear the most unconcerned, showed the 
greatest lack of practice. After the smoke 
the class proceeded to cheer the college build- 
ings, beginning with Appleton, ending with 
Memorial, reviving in this an old and very 
pleasant custom. 

This closed the exercises for the afternoon, 
and all began to prepare for evening. 

The evening was slightly damp but dark, 
showing off the decorations and illuminations 
finely, but spoiling the fire-works. 

The illuminations were very fine, making 
the campus around the oak ablaze with light, 
and that, with the strains of the witching 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



73 



waltzes and the ring of happy voices, was a 
scene long to be remembered with pleasure. 
The dancing began about 8 o'clock and con- 
tinued without intermission until 1.30. The 
ladies and dresses were all pretty and charm- 
ing, and if ever there could be found a fitting- 
time for romance it was '80's Dance on the 
Green. During and after the dancing there 
were private spreads at various rooms, and 
this was kept up till the hours of morning. ' 

The crowds of spectators was large at the 
dance, bnt the arrangements for them was 
excellent under the circumstances. Some 
fine fire-works were set up, but owing to the 
dampness only a part could be lighted at a 
time, which, of course, spoiled the effect. 

This ended the Class Day of '80, and it is 
conceded to have been one of the finest ever 
held at Bowdoin ; the credit for it is due to 
the untiring efforts of the committee, Perkins, 
Conant, and Dane. 

Following are the statistics of the class as 
compiled by tlie Historian : 

Total number connected with the class, 51. 
Number graduated, 30. 2ti took entire course. ] 
entered Sophomore year ; 2, Junior; 1, Senior. 27 
are Maine men; 1, Massachusetts; 1, Colorado. Total 
length 173 feet 4^ inches; avetage, 5 feet 9J inches. 
Tallest man 6 feet 3 iuches; shortest, 5 feet 4i 
inches. Weight, 4628 pounds; average, 1.54i ; heav- 
iest, 190 ; lightest, 101. The total age is 706 years 

2 months 1.5 days ; average, 23 years 6 months 15 
days; oldest, 2L» years 5 months; youngest, 20 years 

3 mouths. lu politics 21 are Republican ; 8, Dem- 
ocratic ; 1, National Republican. 24 are Protec- 
tionists : 6, Free Traders. 6 are Unitarians; 5, Con- 
gregationalists ; 4, Universalists ; 3, Episcopalians ; 
2, Methodists; 2, Baptists; 1, Calvinist Baptist; ], 
Christian ; 1, Socialist ; 1, Liberal ; 4, no preference. 
Favorite studies: Psychology, 6 ; Political Economy, 
3 ; History, 2 ; Modern Languages, 3 ; Mathe- 
matics, 4 ; Greek, 2 ; Mineralogy, 1 ; Geology, 1 ; no 
choice, 5. The intended professions are : Law, 15; 
Business, 4 ; Medicine, I ; Ministry, 1 ; Teaching, 
2 ; Civil Engineer, 1 ; Manufacturing, 1 ; Journalism, 
1 ; undecided, 4. 



COMMENCEMENT DAY. 

We could not have had a better day for 
Commencement Exercises than Thurstiay. 
Scarcely a cloud could be seen in the sky, 



and excessive heat was prevented by a ver}' 
refreshing bieeze. The procession formed in 
front of the chapel at 11.30, with O. D. 
Baker, Esq., of Augusta as Marshal, and pro- 
ceeded immediately to the church. The body 
and the transepts of the house were well 
filled with an audience whose close attention 
throughout showed the great interest they 
took in the exercises of the day. As soon as 
the Alumni had taken the seats reserved for 
them, the exercises were opened with music. 
After Rev. Dr. Brastow, of Burlington, Vt., 
had offered prayer, the following programme 
was carried out : 

1. Salutatory, in Latin. 

Frederic W. Hall, North Gorham. 

2. Chinese Immigration. 

Franklin Gouldiug, Lewiston. 

3. Materialism and Immortality. 

Albert Harmon Holmes, Bridgton. 

4. Napoleon IV. 

Frank Winter, Bethel. 

5. Psychological Analysis in Works of Imagina- 

tion. 

Horace Robert Giveen, Brunswick. 
C. Development and Design. 

Harry Lincoln Maxcy, Portland. 

7. The Ethics of Economics. 

Henry Asa Wing, Mattawamkeag. 

8. Public Safety. 

William Higgius Chapman, Bowdoiuham. 

9. The Race Question. 

Walter Lee Dane, Kennebuuk. 

10. The Language of the Study and the Language 

of the Street. 

Herbert White Grindal, Salem, Mass. 
E.\-ercises for Degrees of Master of Arts and 
Master of Science. 

11. Sacred Latin Poetry. 

Mr. George Thomas Little, Auburn. 

12. Valedictory, in Latin. 

Robert Edwin Peary, Washington, D. C. 

After the graduating class had received their 
diplomas, and the Degree of Master of Arts 
had been conferred on several members of the 
class of '77, the exercises were closed with a 
prayer by the Rev. Dr. Webb, of Boston. 
The procession of Alumni then formed again 
and marched to Memorial Hall, where the 
Commencement Dinner was served. Two 
hundred tickets were issued for the dinner. 
As soon as all had taken their places, the 



74 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Rev. Dr. Savage offered prayer. Then all 
showed that the exercises of the morning had 
given them good appetites, and did justice to 
the bountiful repast which had been prepared. 

After the dinner was disposed of, Pres- 
ident Chamberlain called the meeting to order, 
and among other agreeable things announced 
that Memorial Hall would probably be com- 
pleted before next Commencement. The 
usual hymn was sung. The President called 
on Prof. Packard to tell of the progress of the 
history of the college. The Professor was re- 
ceived Avith cheer after cheer, all persons in 
the liall rising to salute him. He reported 
that the history would be published as soon 
as the subscription list would justify its being 
done. 

Hon. Samuel H. Blake, of Bangor, of the 
class of '27, was then called. He paid well- 
merited tribute to Prof. Packard, to Bow- 
doin, Presidents Allen and Chamberlain. 

Gen. Brown was then called for, who had 
been chosen by his class to speak for ihem. 
He made a speech worthy of the repre- 
sentation of such a class, referring to its 
enterprise while in college, and the honorable 
positions held by many of its members since. 
At the close of his speech he begged leave to 
introduce Hon. T. B. Reed, M. C, who de- 
livered one of the best and most humorous 
speeches of the afternoon. 

Dr. Webb, class of '46, lamented the way 
in which Trustees and Overseers went out after 
the exercises liad begun, and advised them 
when the}" wanted a drink not to go out so 
publicl}'. 

Speeches were also made by Rev. Dr. 
Robie, class of '40, C. E. Soule, "42, President 
of the Alumni Associatian of New York City, 
Rev. Dr. Brastow, '57, and by the Rev. Dr. 
Lee, of St. Lawrence University. 

In the evening the President gave a recep- 
tion to the Alumni and friends of the college. 
All who attened reported a most enjoyable 
occasion. 



The prayer-meeting in the morning for 
Alumni, was held in the new room of the 
Praying Circle, and was well attended. All 
present expressed themselves as much pleased 
at finding the Circle so pleasantly located, and 
were earnest in their pra3'ers that tlie Circle 
might enjoy a pleasant and useful future. 



THE NEW CURRICULUM. 

Freshman Year. 



1st Term. 


2d Term. 


3d Term. 


Latin. 


Latin. 


Latin. 


Greek. 


Greek. 


Greek. 


Algebra. 


Algebra. 


Ancient His. 


Geometry. 


Solid Geometry. 


Plain Trig. 



Lectures on Hygiene, 
Rhetorieals, 



Wednesday, P.M. 



Sophomore Year. 



l.st Term. 


2d Term. 


3d Term. 


Rhetoric (1). 


Rhetoric (3). 


Eng. Literature. 


French (3). 


History (1). 


Latin. 


Latin. 


Latin. 


Greek. 


Greek. 


Greek. 


History (1). 


Spher. Trig. 


French. 


French (3). 


Conic Sec. 







* spher. Trig. * Anal. Geom. * Anal. Geom. 



Rhetorieals, "Wednesday, P.M. 



* Students who intend to follow mathematical studies will take the course 
here indicated instead of either the Latin or the Greek above. They will, 
however, still take the Conic Sections in the First Term. 

Junior Year. 



J St Term. 


2d Term. 


3d Term. 


German. 


German. 


German (2). 


Astronomy. 


Physiology. 


History (2). 


PhTsics (3). 


Physics. 


Psychology. 


Zoologr, 3 Lect. 




Anal. Chem. 


(extra). 






Esamin. (1). 







Latin. 

Greek. 

Diif. aud Int. Calculus. 

Zoology. 



Sci. of Lang 

Physics. 

Botany. 



Rhetorieals, Wednesday, P.M. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



75 



1st Term. 
Pol. Eoonomj. 
Logic. 
Geolofry. 
Gen. Chem. 



2d Term. 
Const. Law. 
Ethics. 
Hist, of Phil. 



3(1 Term. 
Soi. of Govt, and 

Society. 
Chris. Evidence. 
Const. Law and 

Ge(dogy. 



Mineralogy. 
Anal. Chemistry. 
German. 
English Literature. 



Rhetorieals, "Wednesday, P.M. 



In.-itrnotion in Spanish, Italian, and Anglo-Saxon will 
be given to those who desire it, during Junior and Senior 
years, as extra. 

Memoranda. — For the Junior and Senior years 
studies indicated in the first and third divisions are com- 
pulsory, and ill addition thereto every student must elect 
one of the studies in the second division. The figures in 
the parciithasis indicate the number of recitations each 
week ill the study against which the figure is set. There 
are to be four recitations per week in the studies not thus 
marked. There are to be two recitatiims in the forenoon 
of Saturdays, and none Wednesday and Saturday after- 
noons. English Compositions are to be continued in the 
Junior and Senior years. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



" Good-bye, '80." 

" Welcome, '84." 

Pleasant vacation, all. 

One hundred dollars has been appropriated, as 
last year, for an instructor in elocution. 

The following prizes were awarded : Smyth Math- 
ematical Prize to W. A. Moody, .$300; Latin Prize 
and Greek Prize, $2,5 each, to M. S. Holway. 

One of the oars which the crew of '81 used 
Sophomore year, has been made into canes and they 
are now being sported at night by the friends of the 
crew. 

Mrs. Stone, of Maiden, has offered to complete 
Memorial Hall, and given assurance that the money 
will be advanced in September, when she turns over 
to the college .f60,000 for the endowment of the 
class in mental and moral philosophy. Mr. Wink- 
ley's gift of $25,000 -$10,000 given last year and 
$1.5,000 this— is invested in part in real estate which 
is paying a return of over nine per ceut., and part is 
deposited on call in a working library for the Senior 
class. 



The number of men examined here was twenty- 
four. In addition to this number twenty have re- 
ceived e.^arnination papers at their schools, while 
there have been some private examinations. This 
will ensure a class of about fifty. 

The following officers were elected at the annual 
meeting of the Bowdoin Base-Ball Association : 
President. F. E. Smith ; Vice President, T. C. Lane ; 
Secretary, C. H. Dunning; Treasurer, E. U. Curtis; 
Assistant Treasurer, S. T. B. Jackson ; Directors, 
H. S. Payson, Chas. Haggerty, R. C. Washburn. 

The college property is now worth over half a 
million, and about half is in real estate. This figure 
is given as the result of an estimate which was made 
about a year ago by President Chamberlain, on the 
basis of a business estimate. All the college funds 
are unusually invested — the rate of interest being 
over six per cent, on the average. 

The Boards transacted mostly routine business, 
very few important measures being before them for 
consideration. A committee was appointed to pro- 
cure plans with reference to enlarging Adams Hall. 
Voted to establish Chairs iu Latin Language and Lit- 
erature, and a Chair in Elocution and Oratory, as 
soon as the funds of the college are in a condition to 
permit it. 

F. H. Gile, '83, met with a sad accident on Sat- 
urday of last week. He was playing base-ball on 
the Delta, and while attempting to play first base, 
was struck on the end of one of the fingers of his 
left hand, which broke it, projecting the bone 
through the skin. Dr. Mitchell dressed it, and for 
a time it was thought the finger would have to be 
amputated, but it is now doing better, though it will 
result in a permanently stiff finger. 

The class of '60 had a reunion and dinner at the 
Falmouth, Portland, Thursday evening. The class 
of '5,5 also held a very pleasant reunion in Portland, 
Thursday evening. Upon this, the twenty-flfth an- 
niversary of their graduation, a reception was ten- 
dered to his classmates by Hon. W. L. Putnam, at 
his residence on State Street. The classes of '70, 
'7.5, and '77, held reunions this Commencement, iu 
addition to those of '55 and '60. 

One of the most pleasant occasions of Com- 
mencement was the lawn party given to the Senior 
Class and friends by Prof, and Mrs. Carmichael, on 
Monday afternoon. The party was held on the 
beautiful lawn in front of Prof. Carmichael's resi- 
dence. The time was most pleasantly passed with 
archery, croquet, &c., &o. An interesting part of 



76 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the afternoon's entertainment was the archery 
tournament. A beautiful arrow was awarded, to the 
sucoessful competitor. It is safe to say that the 
Seniors and friends will loug retain pleasant recol- 
lections of the afternoon passed " at the Pines." 

At a meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa Society the 
following officers were chosen : President, Hon. 
Josiah Crosby ; Vice President, Hon. Joseph W. 
Symonds; Secretary and Treasurer, Prof. F. C. 
Robinson; Literary Committee, Prof. J. B. Sewall, 
Rev. E. N. Packard, Hon. Wm. L. Pntnam, Hon. 

D. C. Linscott, Rev. C. S. Perkins. The following 
members were elected from '80: Chapman, Dane, 
Hall, Holmes, Giveen, Goulding, Maxcy, Winter. 

The following titles were conferred : C.E. on C. 
L. Clarke, class of '75; A.B. on W. G. Passett, 
class of '72 ; .M.S. on A. H. Sabiu, class of '76, and 

E. A. Scribuer, class of m ; A.M. on B. T. Deer- 
ing, class of '72, and Geo. Parsons ; A.M. on F. H. 
Dillingham, D. B. Fuller, G. A. Holbrook, G. T. 
Little, L. A. Stanwood, class of "n ; LL.D was con- 
ferred on Cyrus Hamlin, D.D. ; D.D. on L. O. Bras- 
tow ; A.M. on M. T. Ludden, Lewiston, and Weston 
Thompson. 

The annual meeting of the Alumni was held in 
the Chemical Lecture Room, Hon. Josiah Crosby 
presiding. It was voted to convey to the college all 
interest of the association in Memorial Hall, and on 
motion of Peleg W. Chandler, that a committee be 
appointed to arrange for the completion and publi- 
cation of the History of Bowdoin College, begun by 
Nehemiah Cleaveland, and continued to 1850 by 
Prof. Packard. Also a vote of thanks was tendered 
to Prof. Packard for his services and devotion to 
this work. 

The class of '80 held their class supper at the 
Sagadahock House, Bath, on Friday evening, July 9. 
There was a large attendance and the usual jolly 
time. The following officers were elected for three 
years: President, Goulding; sis Vice Presidents; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Spring; Committee, 
Conant, Gilbert, and Weil. The class voted their 
boat to the Association to pay the debt on the boat- 
house ; also for a full reunion in three years, and a 
class cup. The following toasts were then given : 
Alma Mater, Weil ; Faculty, Hall ; Class, Giveen ; 
Ladies, Conant ; Boating, Spring. The regular 
toasts were interspersed with toasts to the Governors 
of North Carolina and South Carolina. 

A friend of the college, who withholds his name, 
has given $5,000 for the " Presidential Fund." The 



income of this is to be paid for the benefit of the 
President— a sort of perquisite or pension. The 
money has already beeu deposited at the call of the 
college authorities. A curious bequest has been 
made recently, but the matter is in the hands of the 
President, and has not yet come up for action. A 
gentleman has willed his entire estate to the college 
upon the condition that a certain line of his descend- 
ents shall be educated here free of expense to them. 
The estate is said to be of considerable value. Val- 
uable gifts to the college have been made by two 
Seniors — F. 0. Conant, of Cumberland, and E. G. 
Spring, of Portland, both of the Scientific Division. 
Mr. Spring has given a collection of fine South 
American agates and some fossils from that conti- 
nent. Mr. Conant's gift is a miscellaneous collec- 
tion of fossils, mostly from this State. He has also 
made a previous gift of a similar nature. The.se 
fossils are found in the clay formation, and do much 
to make the Bowdoin collection the most nearly per- 
fect in the State. 

No doubt the Prof, was thinking of William Tell, 
as he fitted an arrow to the string of his new bow, 
for he was smiling. But, hang it. Bill must have 
had a better ari'ow, or something, for the Prof.'s 
arrow was seen to go smashing through one of the 
windows of the laboratoi-y, though he evidently 
meant to shoot the other way. 



The Sophomore Prize Declamation took place at 
the Congregational Church, Wednesday, June 30th. 
There was a large number present who evidently 
appreciated both the speaking and music. W. 0. 
Plimpton was awarded the first prize ; Geo. H. 
Pierce, the second. The following is the order of 
exercises : 
Robespierre's Last Speech. 

M. S. Hiilway, Augusta. 
The Signing of the Declaration. — Lippard. 

W. 0. Plimpton, Litchfield, 
freedom and Patriotism. — Dewey. 

■p. H. Bloudel, Topsham. 
Fanaticism. A. P. Belcher, Parraington. 

Joan of Arc. — DeQuiucey. 

C. B. Stinohfield, Brunswick. 
Bell of Atri. — Lougfelloi\'. 

"W. A. Moody, Kennebunkport. 
Curse of Regains. G. P. Bates, Xarraouth. 

Burr and Blennerhassett. — "Wirt. 

E. T. McCarthy, Peabody, Mass. 
The Character of the Revolution. — Wilson. 

M. L. Sanborn, Denmark. 
Maclaiue's Child. — MaoUay. 

Myron H. Goodwin, Gorham. 
Shamus O'Brien. — Sheridan Lefanor. 

George H. Pierce, Portland. 
The Roman Soldier. — Atherstone. 

C. H. Gilman, Portland. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



77 



The class of '83 held their class supper 
at the Sagadahock House, Bath, on Tuesday even- 
ing, July 2d. Proceeding to Bath on the evening 
train, each disposed of himself as he willed till 
9.30, when all gathered in the parlors of the Saga- 
dahock, and thence marched to the banquet hall, 
where they did ample justice to the bountiful and 
elaborately served supper. After the substantials 
had been thoroughly discussed, the following literary 
exercises were admirably carried out, with President 
Winter gracefully presiding : 

Oration N. B. K. Petteugill. 

Poem H. J. Russell. 

History H. P. Keodall. 

Prophecy E. A. Packard. 

These were all excellent, and were greeted with 
generous applause by the clals ; then the toasts 
were offered by Toastmaster Cole, and were re- 
sponded to as follows : 

Class of '83 E. C. Washburn. 

Bowdoin C. H. Dunning. 

Our Boat Crew S. T. B. Jackson. 

Our Base-Ball Nine F. H. Gile. 

C C. S. Woodbury, 
Instructors for Past Tear < H. E. Snow, 

( E. W. Chase. 

The Coming Freshman W. J. Collins. 

" Our Girls " H. A. Bascom. 

The responses were witty and to the point, and not 
till the small hours did the merry company seek a 
few hours' rest before separating Saturday morning 
for the summer vacation, all being fully satisfied 
with themselves, their class, and their Freshman 
Supper. 

The Junior Prize Declamation was held at the 
Congregational Church, Monday evening, July 5th, 
at 8 P.M. A large and fashionable crowd was in 
attendance and gave the closest attention to the 
somewhat lengthy programme. But few of the 
pieces were oratorical, most of them dramatic ; and 
the speaking was far above the average, showing 
careful work and the benefits of even the short 
elocutionary drill by Prof. Beal. Prof. Chapman 
gracefully presided. The prizes were awarded: 
First, Carleton Sawyer; second, A. G. Pettengill. 
Following is the order of exercises : 

Parrhasins and the Captive. — Willis. 

Carleton Sawyer, Cumberland. 
Fitz James and Roderick Dbu. — Scott. 

A. C. Cobb, Portland. 
The Battle.— Schiller. 

H. W. Chamberlaiu, Brunswick. 
The Diver.— Schiller. 

F. L. Johnson, Pittsfield. 
Death Bed of Thomas Paine. — Lippard. 

J. 0. P. Wheelwright, Deering. 
The Tempest. — Anon. 

H. L. Staples, Parsonsfield. 



Irish Disturbance Bill. — O'Conuell. 

* P. B. Smith, Augusta. 
How " Ruby " Played. — Anon. 

A. G. Pettengill, Brewer. 
Three Days in the Life of Columbus. — Anon. 

*W. A. Gardner, Augusta. 
Jeptba's Daughter. — Willis. 

C. H. Cutler, Farmingtou. 
Tiiussaint's Last Struggle for Hayti. — Phillips. 

L. B. Lane, West Sumner. 
Unjust National Acquisitions. — Corwin. 

P. C. Stevens, Veazie. 
* Absent. 



BASE -BALL. 



The last game of the season was played 
on tlie delta, Saturday, June 26th, between 
the Bowdoins and Colbys. It proved to be 
one of the most exciting and interesting- 
games of the season, and was a good " wind- 
up" for the "boys" for this season. The 
ground was quite wet from a heavy shower 
in the first of the afternoon, and this doubt- 
less accounted . for many of the numerous 
errors on both sides. The Colbj^s batted hard 
but fielded quite poorly, while the Bowdoins 
took their "off" innings at first, and played 
a fine " up-hill " game. Gardner did the best 
batting, Snow and Wilson the best fielding 
for the Bowdoins ; Worcester led the batting, 
and Woodcock did the fielding for the Colbys. 
Following is the score : 



BOWDOINS. 

AB iB K TBI 



COLBYS. 



I A E AB 1b R TBR PO A E 

Wilson, p 6 10 2 2 4 Ryder, s. s.. . .5 2 18 12 4 

Smith, l.f 6 1 2 12 2 Lord, 1. f 5 114 2 1 

SiiOW, c 6 1 1 11 5 1 6 Wmcester, C..5 2 4 16 6 4 10 

Kuapp, r. f....6 1 3 12 Marshall, p.. ..6 10 3 7 4 

Haggertv,2b..6 1 3 12 3 2 Andrews, c. f.. 5 2 1 17 2 2 

Staples, lb.... 6 2 2 16 7 2 Woodcock, 31). 5 14 5 

Rogers, s.s 6 3 6 2 2 1 i Judkins,r.f.. .5 114 10 

Caller, c. f. ...6 11 Wad3worth,lb 5 1 2 12 11 1 

Gardner, 3b... 5 3 3 14 5 4 Chaplin, 2b. .. 5 3 18 4 17 



52 13 14 85 27 8 13 



45 13 12 76 27 19 29 



Earned runs— Bowdoins, 1. Three-base hit — Haggerty. First base on 
errors — Bowdoins, 14 -, Colbys, 8. Struck out — Bowdoins, 7 ; Colbys, 2. 
Balls called— On Wilson, 19 ; on Marshall, 89. Strikes— On Wilson, 26 ; 
on Marshall, 47. Double play — Haggerty. Passed balls — Snow, 1 ; Wor- 
cester, 8. Wild pitches — Marshall, 2. Time of game — 2 hours, tjmpire 
— Gr. W. Phillips, '78. Scorers — Bowdoins, Washburn ; Colbys, Philbrook. 

SUMMAIIT OF GA5IBS FOR THE SEASON. 
GAMES WON. 

Bowdoins vs. Bates, May 22d, at Brunswick 16 to 3 

Bowdoins vs. Bates, May 29th, at Lewiston 7 to 4 

Bowdoins vs. Colbys, June 16th, at "Waterville 11 to 1 

Bowdoins vs. Colbys, June 26th, at Brunswick 14 to 12 

GAMES LOST. 

Bowdoins vs. Bates, May 26th, at Lewiston 6 to 16 

Bowdoins vs. Bates, June 5th, at Brunswick 5 to 6 (10 inns.) 

Bowdoins vs. Bates, June 12th, at Portland 2 to 10 

61 to 52 



78 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



We give below the averages of players 
for the season in fielding and batting, also 
totals compared with opponents : 

RECORD EOR 1880. 

Cha'c's 

Games ab r lii Av tbr lb po a e Ac't'd 

Rogers, 2b., 8. s 7 33 6 10 .303 38 5 U 17 15 .674 

Staples, lb 5 2i 4 7 .292 38 7 62 4 .929 

Wilson, p 7 35 8 10 .286 60 9 10 39 4 .025 

Gardner.Sb 7 32 8 8 .260 60 6 20 4 11 .869 

Snow, r. f., c 7 36 6 6 .166 43 8 12 4 13 .862 

Haggertv, c. f., 2b 7 36 9 6 .166 46 5 8 16 .600 

Knapp,c.,r.f 7 36 7 6 .139 48 6 35 7 18 700 

Smith, l.f. 7 36 9 5 .139 47 6 10 1 6 .647 

Winter, lb 2 9 11 .111 10 2 16 2 3 .850 

Maxcy, 2b., s. 9 6 28 5 3 .107 29 2 12 16 9 .750 

Cutler, c.f. 1 5 .000 00 110 .100 

Total 7 310 61 61 .197 402 54 189 91 89 .739 

Opponents 7 298 52 72 .242 369 62 189 116 129 .701 



PERSONAL. 



[We earnestly solicit Odmmiinicatious to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'57. — Rev. E. A. Rand, lately a CongregatioDal 
minister, is to be ordained to the Episcopal ministry 
in July. 

'59.— Rev. Dr. H. M. King, of Boston , addressed 
the Maine Baptist Education Society at its recent 
annual meeting at Augusta. 

'64. — Rev. Addison Blanchard has been called to 
the Union Street Church, St. John, N. B. 

'64. — Henry B. Emery, for sometime a member 
of this class, died in Boston, May 26th, from the 
effects of a surgical operation. He was wounded 
on the Plains a few years since, and has never 
recovered from the shock. 

'70. — George W. Hobson was married in Mon- 
treal, on June 16tb, to Louise Augusta, daughter of 
the late Adolphe Kettembeil, of Rothenburg, Ger- 
many. 

'76. —George F. Pratt was ordained to the Diac- 
onate by Bishop Neely, in St. Luke's Cathedral, 
Portland, on Sunday, June 27th. together with G. 
A. Holbrook and A. M. Sherman, of '77. 



RESOLUTIONS. 

Whereas, Our Divine Father has removed one of 
our number, Oeiville C. Goedox, from the scene 
of earthly activity. 

Resolved, That we, members of the class of '76, 
deeply mourn the loss of our classmate, and assure 
the family and friends of our departed brother of 
our respect and friendship for him, and of our sym- 
pathy for them in their sorrow. 

Resolved, That copies of this be sent to the family 
and friends of our classmate, and one be inserted in 
the BowDoiN Orient. 

C. G. BUENHAM, 

A. T. Paekee, 
Feed. Stimpson, 

Committee for Class. 
Bowdoin College, July 8, 1880. 



Resolutions adopted by the Eta Charge of the 
Theta Delta Chi Fraternity, on the death of E. C. 
Metcalf: 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Father 
to remove from the scenes of this life our beloved 
brother, Edwaed Claeence Metcalf, class of '77, 
Bowdoin College ; therefore 

Resolved, That while acknowledging with sub- 
mission our faith in the wisdom of Him who doeth 
all things well, we take this method of expressing 
to the relatives and friends of the deceased, our 
heartfelt sympathy in their deep sorrow at the death 
of one whose career had been so promising. 

Resolved, That inasmuch as this Charge and the 
Fraternity have lost one who was ever watchful of 
its interests, and whom all honored as one of the 
purest and best of men, as a mark of respect to the 
memory of the departed, our badges be draped in 
mourning for thirty days. 

Resolved, That copies of these Resolutions be 
sent to the relatives of the deceased, to the press, to 
the Grand Lodge, and the several Charges of this 
Fraternity. 

H. A. Wing, '80, 
F. C. Stevens, '81, 
Ieving Steaens, '82, 

Committee. 
Bowdoin College, July 9, 1880. 



At the Reunion of the class of '77, Bowdoin Col- 
lege, held at Brunswick, July 8, 1880, the following 
resolutions were adopted : 

This day of our first triennial reunion brings the 
sad news of the death of our classmate, Edward 
Claeence Metcalf. While we recognize in this 
first removal from our number, the hand of One who 
doeth all things well, and the action of a wisdom 
higher than our wisdom. 

Resolved, That we, the class of '77, Bowdoin Col- 
lege, would thus express our heartfelt sorrow at the 
death of him who has been so early and so suddenly 
stricken down. 

Resolved, That we express our deep sense of the 
high moral worth and intellectual ability which 
characterized our classmate. 

Resolved, That we extend to his relatives and 
friends our warmest sympathy in this hour of sad 
bereavement. 

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be in- 
serted in the Bowdoin Orient and Brunsioick Tel- 
egraph, and also bo forwarded to the family of our 
classmate and to each member of the class. 
E. M. Cousins, 
L. H. Reed, 

E. A. SCRIBNEE, 

Committee. 



A Freshman left his books behind the door, 
north end of Maine Hall, while he went to dinner. 
Shortly after he came back he was heard anxiously 
inquiring for a hammer, as several nails firmly held 
his property to the floor. Moral for the Fresh : 
Never desert your books. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 1-3, 1880. 



No. 7. 



BOWDOIISr ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Maiiagiii!: Editur. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll B. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year l.v advance j single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must he accompaijied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Tol. X., No. 7.— October 13, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 79 

Literary : 

The HazjT Past (poem) 82 

The New Currioulum 83 

Secret Societies 83 

Robert G. Stan wood 84 

Sophomore aud Freshman Contests 85 

Communication 86 

College Items 87 

Personal 88 

Necrolo.sy, 1879-80 88 

College World 89 

Clippings 89 

Editors' Table 90 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 

This number of the Oeient will be sent 
to each member of the Freshman class ; and, 
unless notice to the contrary is given to the 
Business Editor, the paper will continue to be 
sent. The subscription price for the remain- 
ing numbers of Vol. X. will be 11.50. The 
back numbers 50 cents. 



In place of the customary words of advice 
to the Freshman on rules of demeanor, we 
would mention, in a perfectly disinterested (?) 



way, the duty of every undergraduate to 
subscribe to tlie Orient, if for no other 
reason, because it is the college paper. But, 
aside from any consideration of patriotism or 
"good citizenship," there are reasons why it 
is " a goodly thing " to have the Orient, for 
in its columns are recorded the college 
appointments, the results of base-ball and 
boating contests, as well as various other local 
matters of interest to every student, to say 
nothing of the culture and refinement to be 
derived from reading the "heavy articles." 

There can be no more convenient memento 
of college life, or one which will recall more 
vividly the past, than a file of the college 
paper. 



We would just suggest to those wishing 
to become members of the next Editorial 
Board, the expediency of sending in a few 
words to that effect in shape of a contribution 
to our columns. We have made and an- 
nounced our rule and intend to adhere to it 
strictly, regardless of the attending conse- 
quences; and we wish all concerned to under- 
stand this fact. A word to the wise should 
be sufficient ; and we hope it will be followed 
by a goodly number of communications on 
topics that are of interest to us all. 



There is always much complaint at the 
beginning of each fall term, concerning the 
property that has been taken from the rooms 
during the A^acation ; and the present term 
has been especially unfortunate in this regard. 
There can be no good reason why this state 
of things should exist, except from the negli- 
gence or something worse, of those who open 
and clean the rooms during vacation ; and it 



80 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



well behooves the college authorities to inves- 
tigate this matter before it continues much 
longer. If we cannot safely leave our goods 
in our rooms during vacation, we desire to 
know it in season so as to provide some means 
for their security during our absence. Most 
of the things taken were small and compara- 
tively valueless it is true, but this can surely 
be no excuse for this petty pilfering, and 
makes it none the less aggravating to the 
losers of the property. By calling the atten- 
tion of the proper authorities to this matter, 
it would seem as though this should be the 
last term to furnish complaints of this kind. 



Why do not some of our prominent poli- 
ticians here form campaign clubs for the 
work that can be done in college, or do they 
propose to let their wind and Reading Room 
discussion take the place of all active work ? 
These clubs would have been very interesting 
and profitable during the campaigning of the 
past few weeks, and will be still more useful 
to the different parties during the next fort- 
night. A very large proportion of the stu- 
dents are voters, and as most of them come 
from this close and hotly contested State, it 
would seem as though a little energy should 
be shown in getting these votes where they 
will do the most good. The formation of live 
campaign organizations furnish the easiest way 
to do this, and so we would ask again why do 
not the politicians start campaign clubs ? 



In the last number, the Acta again pre- 
sented their pet project of an Inter-Collegiate 
Press Association, and asked the several col- 
lege journals mentioned there to announce 
their willingness to give the proposed associa- 
tion a trial. None would be more willing than 
ourselves to aid this association, providing the 
circumstances were favorable ; but from ap- 
pearances now a delegate from us will be 
impossible this season. We are away "Down 
East," which would make quite an expense 



for us, and our term would also interfere with 
the time which would probably be convenient 
to the others. Although we strongly sympa- 
thize with the efforts of the Acta for the 
establishment of the association, and realize 
fully the benefits that can accrue for the mem- 
bers, yet we must let our best wishes for its 
success stand this year in room of our pres- 
ence. 



We would remind the different societies 
that the matter of Bugle editors should receive 
their immediate and careful consideration. 
Last year, although the editors were chosen 
comparatively early, yet the publication was 
delayed till the beginning of the winter 
term, causing much dissatisfaction among the 
students and friends, and entailing a severe 
loss, financially, upon the editors. This can be 
obviated by choosing them as soon as possible, 
making them responsible for this delay instead 
of the societies to whom it could be justly 
laid last year. 

The Buffle, representing to the degree 
that it does the college abroad, should have 
sufficient time for its careful preparation, and 
as it is important for all concerned that it 
appear this term, we hope that the editors, 
when chosen, will at once set about their 
work. With the material that '82 presents, 
we can expect something excellent, and it 
will ever be a matter of regret to them and 
all, if this is in any way delayed. 



We have spoken before of the benefits, 
we maj^ almost say necessity, for a prize for 
the class nines corresponding to the cup of the 
Boating Association, and the present seems an 
especially fitting time to again urge it and the 
ways and means for procuring it. 

As in every graud and good object some 
one must go ahead, and it is because of this 
lack in the past that we have not this much 
needed help for our base-ball interests. The 
finances of the Base-Ball Association, at 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



81 



present, would hardly warrant any expendi- 
ture for such a purpose even if it would be 
proper under any circumstances, and it remains 
then for the money to be raised outside. 

We do not seem likely to have a gift of 
such a prize from any class, or such way as in 
the case of the cup, and the only sure and 
speedy way that is left seems to be the ever 
old yet ever new subscription. What we 
should suggest is this, that the directors of the 
Base-Ball Association circulate a paper among 
the students and base-ball friends without the 
college asking for as much as practicable to 
purchase a prize suitable for the purpose. 

It would seem that since the nines have 
themselves taken hold so well this term, for 
no other purpose than to fuither the interest 
of this sport in college and of bringing out 
the best material with which to fill up our 
nine for the season of 1881, quite a respect- 
able amount could be raised this fall, if it is 
immediately and energetically pushed forward. 
It is to be hoped that the directors will con- 
sider this, and if they have the base-ball 
interests of the college at heart will do some 
such thing to make permanent the interest 
already awakened in the noble sport. 



This number of the Oeient welcomes the 
return of the students from what, we hope, 
has been a vacation of enjoyment, although by 
no means devoid of profit. As we return to 
our editorial duties with the determination to 
make all the improvement which lies in our 
power in our department, so that we may 
deserve a continuation of the support already 
received from our friends, we cannot help feel 
but that for the most part the students have, 
each one, returned with an equal determination 
to do their best to further the true interest of 
the college, — the scholar to make this a more 
telling year than the last, the base-ballist and 
boating men to see to it that nothing shall be 
detracted from the warm interest that for a 
year past has been shown for these healthful 



and pleasant pastimes. We now enter upon a 
new year of our course which, we believe, each 
class will find widely different from the last. 

The Freshman, as he for the first time 
carefully surveys the many features of college 
life, cannot help noticing tliat there is some- 
thing more to it than can be obtained by a 
hasty glance given during Commencement 
time. He finds that our college course is not 
one solely devoted to selfish enjoyment and 
conviviality, — here as elsewhere success can 
only be obtained after hard and persistent 
work. To this class we extend our most 
hearty welcome, because we have every 
reason to believe that you possess the right 
material from which to form a class worthy 
of the college of which you are now a part. 
As Freshmen you may feel that you are in 
reality of but little importance, but there is a 
better time coming and the years will pass 
swiftly by, as you ascend step by step up the 
ladder of class precedence. 

The class of '83 now doubtless feels that 
a new duty rests upon their shoulders ; that 
it is theirs to see that no harm comes to their 
newly assumed charge. To them we would 
say we congratulate you in striving to do your 
part in removing the custom of hazing, which 
has for some time past proven such a draw- 
back to the name of Bowdoin. We hope and 
trust that nothing will occur between your 
class and '84 which will place in the hands of 
those ever ready to attack our college, anj^ 
additional weapon with which to smite us ; 
we hope that you will display none of that 
pride so false and inconsistent, which has in 
the past contributed so much detriment to 
class and college. If you continue in the 
course which you have so wisely adopted, and 
do not allow yourself to be influenced by a few 
upperclassmen, who are more apt to display 
the flippancy of their ill-governed tongues 
than their good sense, you will find your- 
self not only respected by the Faculty but by 
the great majority of upperclassmen. 



82 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



To the Juniors we can say but little. You 
have passed through the humiliations and 
tribulations of Freshman year and stood up 
nobly in the midst of Sophomoric excitement 
and danger, and we only ask that you do not 
allow the fancied enjoyment of "Junior ease" 
to detract from the deep and appreciated in- 
terest you have shown thus far in our sports 
and other college matters. 

As for ourselves, " dignified Seniors," we 
cannot say that we are sorry that the end is 
fast approaching when we shall make our 
farewell bow to Bowdoin, and the pleasant 
recollections connected with that name. We 
can trnly say we miss '80, because she was 
one of the most active of classes in every 
thing pertaining to the good of the college. 
Her example is yet before us, and although 
she has given us an arduous one to follow, 
yet it is worthy our best endeavors and we 
shall do our best. If we are fortunate enough 
to make any improvements upon her good 
record, the accomplishment itself will be suffi- 
cient reward for our exertions; if we do not 
attain so high a degree of success in the per- 
formance of our duties, we mean that it shall 
be due rather to a lack of capability and 
judgment than to any lack of loyalty to Old 
Bowdoin. 



LITERARY. 



THE HAZY PAST. 

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I thought me 

of my Deary, 
Of the Deary left behind me, left behind a month or 

more; 
Suddenly, I heard a knocking, and then some one 

sly uulockiug. 
Drawing back bolt of the springlock fastened to my 

chamber door. 
Frightened then, I stared and trembled, and my 

heart chilled to the core ; 
Then I coolly muttered, " bore ! " 

But again my limbs did tremble, and my fright 
naught could dissemble, 

As that fleud, the same persistent, still kept knock- 
ing at my door ; 



And the louder he kept knocking, so much faster I 
sat rocking. 

Till my very members stiffened, and my brain bewil- 
dered round did soar. 

But I summoned up my courage, and I drew the 
latch back from the door. 

Then I thought my time was o'er ! 

In there stepped a form Satantic, stirring in my 

soul a panic. 
Such as pray I yet, may seize upon me never more ; 
For its face, though highly painted, and its bearing 

as one sainted. 
Voice within me told me plainly, naught it was but 

Sophomore. 
" From the land of demon spirits, to inspect thy 

skill in classic lore. 
Have I crossed thy threshold o'er." 

"Mount thee then upon yon table, and translate 

this Grecian fable — 
Stay yet, scan the first ten verses smooth and 

quickly o'er ; 
Let the dread of death now fire thee ; let not hope, 

but fear, inspire thee." 
And by all the Greek and Latin gods he loudly 

swore 
Did I fail in one brief measure, or a particle ignore, 
I should see my friends no more. 

And that oath my heart did fail me ; terror's arrow 
did impale me. 

And I fell down prostrate at his feet upon the floor. 

Now with flowing tears did pray him; now be- 
sought that gold might stay him ; 

And his pity, mercy, now with quaking limbs did I 
implore. 

But again with imprecations on my youthful head, 
he swore, 

I must mount that stand once more. 

" Now display how thou art awkward, now translate 

from English backward. 
Show, if thou canst do no better than thou did'st 

before." 
As his hand to grasp extended, all was in confusion 

blended ; 
When a sudden thought came to me and bright 

hope did smile once more. 
In his face I looked with firmness ; in his ear did 

loudly roar, 
" Sentio, te esse Sophomore." 

"Freshman green," he fiercely shouted, "verdant 

thou art sure, undoubted " — 
Then a flend-like horror seized him, and he rushed 

out through the door. 
Swiftly down the entry long; dimmer, fainter, he 

was gone. 

Now, when solitude is dreary, peacefully I think of 

Deary ; 
For since that eventful night, there hath crossed my 

threshold o'er 
Never once that Sophomore. — Princetonian. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



83 



THE NEW CURRICULUM. 

In place of that former bright oasis of the 
week, Saturday, the new curriculum provides 
Wednesday and Saturday afternoon. If, at 
one time more than any other, the stern reality 
of this change forces itself upon the minds of 
those of us who return to another year's 
work at Bowdoin, that time is Friday evening, 
for, while forced to admit the correctness of 
addition, which proves two half days equal to 
one whole one, what is there to replace the 
comfortable, easy-going, free-from-all-care feel- 
ing of that delectable Friday evening, when 
the easy chair received us happy with the 
prospect of two tvhole days without " toil or 
trouble " ? Then it was that we planned ex- 
cursions for trout-fishing or minerals ; or, per- 
haps, set off a part of the next day for beating 
the carpet or resetting the broken leg of the sofa. 

How happy the Freshman who knows not 
what the " new departure " has taken from 
him. By the increase of one in the number 
of recitations per week, it has been made 
possible to allow considerable choice on the 
part of the student in the studies of Junior 
and Senior years, without, however, diminish- 
ing the amount of required work in Sciences 
and Modern Languages. Mathematics, Latin, 
and Greek are still required during the first 
two years of the course, in the same or a 
larger amounts, than before ; while as optional 
studies, the classical scholar now can indulge 
in the pleasant searchings for Greek or Latin 
roots ; and the " Mathematical mind " revel 
in sines and co-sines during the first two terms 
of Junior year, which pleasure would formerlv 
have been denied him at the end of Sopho- 
more year. 

The Wednesday afternoon Rhetoricals, 
continuing throughout the whole course, ought 
to be sufficient to satisfy the yearnings of the 
most ambitious student of Oratory and Oiio-- 
inal Composition. We are pleased to find 
two additional terms of German and Ei}o-li)sh 
Literature optional during Senior year. 



Not to go into particulars, our new curric- 
ulum seems to aim at the golden mean between 
a purely prescribed and nearly purely optional 
course. While requiring a reasonable amount 
of those branches of studj^ an acquaintance 
with which is implied in a liberal education, 
it still affords a chance for personal choice as 
to which one branch shall receive the two or 
three additional terms' work. With an 
opportunity for three years' work in the 
Ancient Languages and Mathematics, five 
terms in German, a more than usual propor- 
tion of time given to the Higher English 
branches, the new curriculum seems to be a 
decided improvement on the old one. 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Of the many profitable and pleasing phases 
of a college life none are more important 
than the connection we have with the society 
to which we may belong; its advantages are 
much more numerous and important than 
those which might be derived from local 
societies devoted solely to literary work. To 
be a good and loyal member of one of these 
great secret fraternities which are found in 
nearly all the large universities of our coun- 
trjr, necessarily impells one to feel that he is 
a part of a grand whole, the existence and 
prosperity of which depends upon the stabil- 
ity and worth of its parts. Each different 
chapter has a true pride in and a praiseworthy 
ambition to make itself one of the most prom- 
inent of them all, and so in this way are 
brought together the students of distant col- 
leges in a friendly rivalry, which is checked 
from reaching extreme or even the least inju- 
rious of bounds by the warm affection felt 
for their common parent. 

Beside the countless benefits derived from 
this connection with other colleges, there are 
manv and important benefits derived in the 
chapter itself and by the individuals thereof. 

We know that in our own chapter, and 



84 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



we have every reason to believe that in all 
the chapters of the various societies repre- 
sented at Bov/doin, a true brotherly feeling 
exists, that every member rejoices at the suc- 
cess of his brother member and sorrows at 
his mishaps, and it is by this very character- 
istics of secret societies that one of the prin- 
cipal objections to their existence is promptly 
and effectually answered, i. e., that they are in- 
jurious in any way to a student's morals. The 
reputation and standing of a society must 
necessarily depend upon the reputation and 
standing of its individual members, and if 
nothing else would tend to make the members 
work for their own moral improvement and 
that of his " society men," the ver}'' fact of 
rivalry with other societies would serve this 
purpose. 

Another objection, but one much less war- 
ranted, is that of societ}' work as interfering 
with the proper college work. In our answer 
to this we would not wish to be considered as 
in the least dejjreciating the value of time 
spent upon the regular requirement, but some 
recreation is needed to make the attainment 
of good from our efforts proportioned to the 
time spent upon, and we had much rather 
trust the man almost wholly given to society 
than one entirely absorbed in plugging and 
having in view only position in his class. 
But this is by no means necessary. An 
abundance of time is allowed the most enthu- 
siastic of society men to stand high or even 
lead his class. The most serious of objections 
to the influences of secret societies is that 
of class politics, and it cannot be denied but 
that some bad feeling and even bitterness is 
often engendered by the selfishness with which 
each society seeks to make itself more promi- 
nent in class honors, but would there not be 
full as much conflict and discussion for these 
honors if societies were abolished? Would 
not cliques arise in our classes out of which 
evils vastty more detrimental would spring ? 
Every class in our college would necessarily 



be composed of fellows, some of whom have 
been brought up surrounded by the luxuries 
and privileges of the rich, and others who had 
been obliged, on account of more limited 
means, to work their way along. 

These circumstances will cause factions 
which no one can deny would be such as to 
deprive those justly fitted for ofQces by their 
peculiar talents for them, and place others in 
positions which they could but poorly and 
inadequately fill. With these objections, 
which are the most commonly brought for- 
ward, and which are really the most impor- 
tant, removed, what reason can there be that 
the college should not tolerate secret societies ? 
But there are many advantages which should 
be overlooked. Society to a college man 
means something even after he has graduated ; 
it is one of the many bonds which closely con- 
nect him with the institutions of which he 
was once a member. One of the first objects 
of interest to an alumnus, on a return to some 
Commencement, is his society, and indeed he 
seems to take almost as much pleasure in its 
prosperity as he would in the prosperity of the 
college itself. 



ROBERT G. STANWOOD. 

A large circle of friends has been saddened 
by the disappearance of Dr. Robert G. Stan- 
wood. He went out in a dory from Bunge- 
nuck Landing, three or four miles from 
Brunswick, for an hour's row, on the after- 
noon of August 25th, and has not since beei;i 
heard from. His boat, containing his hat, 
cane, and one oar, drifted ashore on an island 
opposite Yarmouth the next morning, but no 
other traces of him have been found. He 
was an excellent swimmer and thoroughly at 
home in the management of a boat, and it is 
therefore conjectured that a slight indispo- 
sition, of which he had complained earlier in 
the day, may have developed into a serious 
illness, under the effect of which he either fell 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



85 



overboard and was drowned accidentally, 
or landed somewhere and wandered away 
unconscious of his condition and identitj^. He 
was graduated from this college in 1875, later 
from the Medical School of Maine, and has 
been for the past year or two the successful 
Principal of a Classical School in Waterbury, 
Conn., where, as in Brunswick, his early 
home, he enjoyed the respect and regard of 
the community. He was a young man of 
steadfast, blameless, Christian character, un- 
selfish and devoted in his relations to his 
family and friends, and his loss is much to be 
deplored. Great sympathy is felt for his 
family in their affliction. He was married 
in 1879, to Miss Frances D. Bowker of 
Brunswick. 



SOPHOMORE AND FRESHMAN 

CONTESTS. 

The annual contests between the Sopho- 
more and Freshman classes have taken place 
with the usual amount of excitement attend- 
ing them. 

The first of these was the foot-ball game, 
which came off Thursday, Sept. 1. The time 
appointed was 2.30 p.m. The Freshmen 
came out and took their positions quite 
promptly, but the spectators were kept wait- 
ing a short time for the bold, bad Sophomores, 
who at length came forth from one of the 
rooms of North Appleton, where, doubtless, 
they had been making the necessary prepara- 
tions for " their beef." As they marched 
down the walk, attired as is customary, in 
the most ferocious looking garbs possible, and 
sung that blood-chilling tune of Old Phi Chi, 
we could perceive a tremor creep over the 
limbs of the " unsophisticated Freshie." " Re- 
venge was stamped upon their spear and blood 
their battle cry." The game was for the 
most part uninteresting. It proved an easy 
victory for '83, Cole kicking the ball over the 
main path in about 18 minutes after its being 



tossed. There were but three rushes. J. W. 
Manson, '81, served as referee ; E. U. Curtis 
and W. O. Plimpton, of '82, as judges for the 
Sophomore and Freshman classes respectively. 

The next in order of occurrence was the 
rope-pull, Friday morning following. After 
some unnecessary delay the word was given, 
and both classes immediately laid back to 
solid work. This time the Freshmen did not 
prove so easy a prey, and for almost a minute, 
which probably seemed an hour to the contest- 
ants, there seemed to be no advantage for 
either side ; then '83 drew the resolute Fresh- 
men a few feet forward, but were quickly 
dragged back and over the line, much to their 
disappointment and chagrin. This was one 
of the finest and most exciting rope-pulls ever 
witnessed in front of the chapel. Referee, J. 
W. Manson ; Judge for '83, E. T. McCarthy, 
'82 ; Judge for 84, W. G. Reed, '82. 

The last of this series was the base-ball 
match, which had been looked forward to by 
our sporting men with much interest, as per- 
haps presenting good material for the Univer- 
sity Nine of next year ; nor were they disap- 
pointed, for although as a whole the Fresh- 
men did not show any extra talent in this 
line, we feel assured that '84 can at least 
creditably fill the vacancies occasioned by the 
loss of '80. Below we give the score : 



SOPHOMOKES. 

AB IB R TEU E 



Knapp, c 7 

Stetson, p 6 

Packard, lb 7 

Chase, c.f. 7 

Pearsons, l.f. ..7 

Collins, Mb 7 

Bascomb, 3b. ..8 
Dunning, s,s...6 
Cole, r.f. 6 



69 6 27 115 9 



FRESHMEN. 

AB ]B 

Waterman, c. . .5 1 

Burns, p 5 i 

J. Torrey, lb...5 1 

Prince, 2b 5 

WriRht, 3b 4 

Bradley, s.s 4 1 

Chase, l.f. 4 

Sweetser, c.f. ..4 1 

Packard, r.f 4 



40 



6 33 31 



Two-base hits— Knapp and Bascomb of the Sophomores ; Chase 
ofFreshmen. Time of game, 3 hours, 15 minutes. Umpire, E. U. 
Curtis, '82. The best playing for '83 was done by Knapp and 
Packard. Of the Freshmen, Prince made a fine fly catch, Chase, 
an excellent double play, and Wright several very brilliant plays. 



Prof. Packard repeated his lecture on " College 
Reminiscences," to a large and appreciative audi- 
ence of students, at the Chemical Lecture Room, 
last Tuesday evening. It was much enjoyed by all 
present, and at the close was greeted by long and 
continued applause. 



86 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



COMMUHICATIOH. 



Editors of Orient : 

By your kindness I will ask a few ques- 
tions which may be answered by the fellow 
who cares to read them : 

Is it reasonable to suppose that our coun- 
try will enjoy uninterruptedly the blessings 
of peace for twenty or thirty years to 
come? 

Ask any one who has made a study of 
political problems and has witnessed the ex- 
tremes to which party spirit has carried men 
in our National Congress. Ask any officer 
in the regular army if he expects to be called 
into active service again — and what will he 
say? 

If you have noticed the tendency to dis- 
regard the honest result of elections, — if you 
have seen how prejudice and excitement will 
sweep our people off their feet — then ask 
yourself the question. 

Do not call me an " alarmist " if I refer 
you to " The Fool's Errand "■ — a book which 
has been so widely read in the North and so 
severely repressed in the South, and which 
" will do more harm than Mrs. Stowe's ' Uncle 
Tom's Cabin,' " as a Southern newspaper 
declares ; this work is acknowledged to be a 
faithful representation of the state of things 
in the South as they have been and as they 
are now, somewhat modified. 

I ask, again, is it reasonable to suppose that 
our government, which does not protect the 
rights of its own citizens to-day, will be so 
vigilant and so strong that you and I may 
never witness the ravages of war ? 

" Every generation has its fighting to do " 
—is almost a proverb. At the beginning of 
the last war it was the grog-sellers, the Iiorse- 
jockeys, and the butchers who could most 
easily raise a company and get a commission, 
and it is a fact, well known to everj' general, 
that it was not easy to get rid of these officers 
who were totally unfit to command a body of 



men ; we know, moreover, that many edu- 
cated young men,- — some from our own col- 
lege, met their death, not always on the battle- 
field, but often from the unnecessary hard- 
ships which brutal or incompetent officers 
inflicted upon them. The government was 
induced by the knowledge of these facts to 
give military instruction to a comparative 
small number of colleges, in order that in 
case of emergency there might be no lack of 
educated officers. Bowdoin was among those 
who received this privilege and now she is 
about to lose it, unless the boys give it bet- 
ter support. There are colleges enough — not 
outside of the State — who covet our advan- 
tage. 

In the drill I see nothing attractive either 
by way of exercise or amusement, but in view 
of the probability or even the possibility of 
its future use, the present inconvenience and 
expense seem very triffing. The expense of 
the gymnasium for four terms will nearly pay 
for the drill for four years. The manual of 
the drill is but the A, B, C's of military sci- 
ence, and if anybody thinks he can learn 
enough to command a company by the expe- 
rience gained in the last term of Senior year 
he may learn his mistake also ; he would not 
know enough to command the Bowdoin Ca- 
dets in their imposing evolutions on the 
campus, and what would he do with a body of 
men in a battle ? Would not four years' 
work in the drill, without the certificate of 
the President and Instructor, be worth more 
than the certificate without the experience ? 

In Germany a man's education is not com- 
plete until he has served several years in the 
regular armjs can we become citizens of the 
United States, competent to meet a citizen's 
requirements without a knowledge of mili- 
tary matters? In one side of the balance is 
a sword and more or less present inconven- 
ience ; in the other side is a musket with 
" hardship " for your equipments — which ? 
Interrogation Point. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



87 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



Psychology. 

The " Judge " appeals. 

Have you been to the Park ? 

Seen " Twots" curves? 

The new pumps are appreciated. 

All the rooms but five are occupied. 

Have you smoked one of Prince's cigars * 

Evidently the Rev. Mr. Byingtou is not forgotten. 

H. A. Wing, '80, spent a few days with friends 
here. 

The Seniors defeated the Freshmen Saturday, 
28 to 7. 

Lane, '81, is bell-ringer in the absence of F. L' 
Johnson. 

It is conceded that J. 0. P.'s new carpet will 
wear well. 

A Freshman is going to save his marks to " cut '' 
prayer-meeting. 

Pettengill, '83, sprained his ankle in the game 
between '83 and '82. 

Libby, who entered in '80 but was absent some- 
time, has re-entered in '82. 

The $70,000 from the Stone estate has been paid 
over to Prof Young, the Treasurer. 

The new sidewalk which Brunswick boasts of, is 
a big improvement on the old mud path. 

The rooms received a general overhauling dur- 
ing the vacation, and are much improved. 

The initiations of the different societies have 
been well attended by the younger Alumni. 

Prince, Freshman, says that since a certain soci- 
ety will not have him he will be a " Hoodun." 

A. C. Cobb will represent his chapter in the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention at Trinity, Oct. 20. 

Our thanks are due Mr. Washburn for the com- 
plete record of the nine given in the Commencement 
number. 

Henry Clay's boiled dinner, a la Gipsy style, was 
the attraction for the north end of Wiuthrop, last 
Saturday afternoon. 

It is wonderful to notice what a number of heads 
pop out of the windows when the High School girls 
appear on the campus. 

The class officers are as follows : Mr. Lee for 
Senior; Prof. Robinson, Junior; Mr. Cole, Sopho- 
more; Prof. Smith, Freshman. 



The election news was warmly received and 
discussed here, and the small bets thereon were all 
paid promptly. 

The first examination of the Seniors in Psychol- 
ogy will be held next Thursday. An interesting 
time is expected. 

L. B. Lane has been elected delegate to the 
Theta Delta Chi Convention which meets at New 
York, Oct. 20 and 21. 

Instructor in Geology — " The best example of 
basin is, perhaps, the delta of the Mississippi. 
Billy — " Yes, yes, / think so." 

Prof. Ladd will meet the Senior Class at his resi- 
dence, in delegations of eight, to discuss his refresh- 
ments as well as the topic of the day. 

A. G. Pettengill has been elected delegate to the 
Young Men's Christian Association, which meets at 
Lynn, Mass., Oct. 19th and 20th. 

The following men have entered from other col- 
leges: A. D. Gray, H. H. Chase, Geo. G. Weeks, 
Carpenter, from Bates, and Diusmore, from Colby. 

The newly-made Sophomores made the usual 
amount of noise at their promotion, with horns, 
bells, vocal gymnastics, and the "old ancestral gew- 
gaw." 

Complaints are made of things taken from the 
rooms during vacation, while they were being re- 
paired. Why is not the college held responsible for 
such losses? 

Prof.— " Mr. W., what is sound ? " Mr. W.— " It 
is the noise produced by the vibration of the parti- 
cles of air against each other." Mr. W. sits down 
midst thunders of applause. 

One of the Seniors, just after examination, 
asked a Freshman how old a yearling was. This 
creating some applause, he said, " No, I don't mean 
that, I want to know whether the name is yearling 
or yelling." 

Junior to Freshman (who is not taking part in 
the foot-ball match between the Freshman and 
Sophomore classes) — "Why don't you go in and help 
your class ? " Fresh. — " Oh, I don't play foot-ball ; 
I take the drill." 

" What sort of a curve would that line make ? " 
asked the Professor in Physics to one of his bright 
pupils. " A parabola," promptly guessed the tremb- 
ling Junior. "Next!" called the professor, till he 
had completed the circuit of the class, giving each a 
chance to exercise his originality for curves, when 
he quietly informed them it would be a straight line. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Prof, in Mineralogy (to student plugging his 
lesson behind the next man's back) — "Mr. S., 
where is Apatite found ? " The Rubber-Stomached 
Man (thinking roll was being called) — "Here!" 
Applause from the pit. 

Junior and Freshman discussing James Russell 
Lowell : Fresh.—" Where does he live now ? " 
Junior— "Oh! He is Minister to England." Fresh. 
— " Do you suppose he works much of his poetry 
into his sermons there?" Junior looks whole 
volumes of contempt at the poor Fresh. 

The following are the men pledged to the differ- 
ent societies: Alpha Delta — H. C. Finney, S. 
Walker, J. A. Waterman, W. Watson, Child, of '84. 
Psi Upsilon— John E. Cummings, E. C. Smith, F. 
Sweetser, D. C. Clark, H. R. Bradley, L. E. Pack- 
ard, C. E. Saywood. Delta Kappa Epsilon— E. E. 
Chase, H. M. Wright, A. H. Brown, J. W. Burns, J. 
W. Bailey, J. Crosby, C. E. Adams, J. C. Hall, of 
'84 ; H. Carpenter, A. G. Staples, of '82. Zeta Psi— 
Geo. 6. Weeks, of '82 ; S. G. Poland, A. C. Cobb, 
W. K. Hilton, P. W. Charles, R. Thompson, of '84. 
ThetaDelta-A. D. Gray, of '81; H. H. Chase, of 
'82; W. H. Cothren, M. H. Orr, of '84. 



PERSONAL. 



["We earnestly solicit commuuieations to this column 
from any wlui may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'29. — Moses Soule, a distinguished classical 
teacher in Lyons, 111., has retired from active life. 

'30. — Nathan Tilden Moulton, Lawyer, Chicago, 
111. 

'35. — Nathan Longfellow, Manufacturer and 
Farmer, Needham, Mass. 

'47. — S. N. Merrill, Attoi-ney at Law, Tehama, 
Cal. 

'47. — Isaac Stevens Metcalf, Civil Engineer, etc., 
Elyria, Ohio. 

'49.— Zabdiel Boylston Adams, Physician, Fram- 
ingham, Mass. 

'49. — Rev. Ammi R. Mitchell, Diamond Springs, 
Morris County, Texas. 

'50.— George Howe Vose, Farmer, Oakland, Cal. 

'56. — Edwin P. Parker, appointed orator for the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention, Oct. 20 nest. 

'75. — Edwin Herbert Hall received the degree of 
Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University, 1880. 

'76. — 0. C. Stevens, Counselor at Law, 53 



Devonshire St., Rooms 13 and 14, Boston. Ap- 
pointed, Sept. 7th, by Governor and Couacil, Notary 
Public for Suffolk County. 

'76.— W. G. Wait, Counselor at Law, 15 Pem- 
berton Square, Room 6, Boston, Mass. 

'77. — The Brunswick Telegraph says that Mr. 
James W. Sewall, of Oldtown, a graduate of Bow- 
doin, class of 1877, and who took young Metcalf's 
place with Col. Waring, is now preparing two com- 
plete sets of plans of the Memphis drainage, one to 
go to London and one to Holland. Geo. W. Tillson, 
of Thoniaston, of the same class, is employed as an 
assistant on drainage works going on in Kalamazoo, 
Mich. These works are not in charge of Col. War- 
ing, but after his system, and Tillson was employed 
under Metcalf on the Memphis sewerage. 

'77. — Frank J. Lynde, a partner in the house of 
F. T. Meaher & Co., of Portland, was killed by the 
cars at Old Orchard, Monday, Oct. 4th. Through- 
out his collegiate career he was loved and esteemed 
by all who knew him, as well as by his classmates. 
After graduation he become interested with Mr. 
Meaher in the drug business, and has been a citizen 
of Portland the past two years. His mother bad 
just removed to the Preble House from Bangor, 
where she had decided to take up her quarters for 
the winter, and her son was going to join her there. 
Naturally one of the quietest and most unobtrusive 
of men, Mr. Lynde was at the same time a smart, 
active business man. 



NECROLOGY, 1879-80. 

1818 — Rufus Anderson ; b Cumberland, Aug. 17, 
1796 ; d Boston, May 30, 1880, xt. 84. 

1819 — John Dennis McCrate ; b Wiscasset, Oct., 
1802 ; d Sutton, Mass., Sept., 1878, fet. 77. 

1820— Jacob Abbott ; b Hallowell, Nov., 1803 ; d 
Farmington, Oct., 1879, set. 76. 

1828— Edward Francis Cutter ; b Portland, Jan., 
1808 ; d Charleston, S. C, March, 1880, xt. 70. 

1830— John Harris Converse ; b Durham, Dec, 
1810 ; d Newcastle, June, 1880, aet. 72. 

1832— John Johnson ; b Bristol, Aug., 1806 ; d 
Clifton, Staten Island, N. T., Dec, 1879, jet. 73. 

1833— Isaac Palmer; b Fayette, Sept., 1807; d 
No. Ansou, Feb., 1880, ret. 73. 

1834- Ephraim Wilder Farley ; b Newcastle, 
Aug., 1817; d Newcastle, April, 1880, ret. 63. 

1838 Thomas Glidden Kimball; b Monmouth, 
Sept., 1811 ; d Waterville, Dec, 1879, xt. 68. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



89 



1839 — Ed ward Payson Weston; b Boothbay, Jan., 
1819; d Highland Park, 111., Oct., 1879, jet. 61. 

1839— John Walton Davis; b Wellfleet, Me., 
Jan., 1817; d Provincetown, June 27, 1880, ast. 63. 

1840— Silas Morton; b Hebron, Oct., 1818; d 
Otisfleld, July, 1879, ast. 61. 

1845— Moses Morrill Butler ; b Sanford, March, 
1824 ; d Portland, Oct., 1879, ajt. 56. 

1842— James Lewis Nutting; b Otisfleld, June, 
1818 ; d Pine Grove, Pa., June 20, 1880, ret. 62. 

1846— Benjamin Galeu Snow ; b Brewer, Oct., 
1822 ; d Brewer, May, 1880, sat. 67. 

1852— George Newton Jackson ; b Foxcroft, July, 
1833 ; d Chicago, Oct., 1879, aet. 46. 

1856— Edward Williams Thompson ; b Bruns- 
wick, Feb., 1836 ; d Batesville, Ark., Dec, 1879, a3t. 
44. 

1858-Edward Card Conant; b Alfred, April, 
1835; d Providence, R. L, Sept., 1879, a3t. 41. 

1858- Albert Jewett ; b Alva, May, 1833; d 
Knoxville, 111., May, 1862, a3t. 29. 

1859— Henry Dearborn Hutchins ; b Fryeburg, 
Nov., 1837 ; d Fryeburg, June, 1880, a3t. 43. 

I860— William Dudley Haley; b Bath, June, 

1837 ; d Bath, Jan., 1880, set. 42. 

1863— Gideon Libby ; b Saco, March, 1817; d 
Bethel, 111., Sept., 1879, ajt. 62. 

1865 — Thomas Davee Anderson ; b Belfast, May, 

1838 ; d Portland, Oct., 1879, set. 40. 

1870 — Frederic Ernest Hanson ; b Buxton, 
March, 1850 ; d Chicago, 111., May, 1880, ret. 30. 

1875.— Eeuben Baston, M.D. ; d Cape Elizabeth' 
of diphtheria, Sept. 28, 1880. 

1876 — Orville Clark Gordon; b Chesterville, 
Feb., 1845 ; d Jan., 1880, ast. 35. 

1877— Edwin Clarence Metcalf; d Newport, E. I., 
July 8, 1880, ajt. 23. 

1877- Frank J. Lynde, killed at Old Orchard, 
Oct. 4, 1880, ajt. 24. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



Of the thirty-six composing the graduating class 
at Oberlin last year the two standing- highest were 
ladies. — CoMr/er. 

A graduate of Harvard is about to issue a Song 
Book of all the colleges, and it will be for sale at all 
the principal universities. — Princeionian. 

The Freshman class at Harvard numbers 220 ; at 
Yale, 200 ; at Cornell, 130 ; at Amherst, 90 ; at the 
University of California, 61 ; and at Dartmouth, 90. 
— Chronicle. 



In Lafayette College hazing is dead. There 
the Sophomoric hazer is dropped into the class he 
hazes, and the on-lookers are rusticated. 

The class of '60 of Harvard are putting a win- 
dow in Memorial Hall representing the " War Cry," 
and the class of '80 have voted $2000 for a similar 
purpose. 

On and after Sunday next the library will be 
open every Sunday from one to five o'clock p.m. 
No books will be delivered or received, but the 
library will be open for those vfho wish to read. — 
Harvard Advocate. 

The Vassar girls consumed during the past year 
45 tons of fresh meat, 2^ tons of smoked meat, 2 
tons of poultry, 3 tons of tish, 5 barrels of mackerel, 
28,000 clams (who counted 'em), 442 gallons of 
oysters, 255 barrels of flour, 2 tons of buckwheat, 5 
barrels of pork, 36 bushels of beans, 1,910 bushels 
of potatoes, 8,904 dozen of eggs, 93,602 quarts of 
milk, 8,005 bananas, 22,611 oranges, 13,402 ounces 
of — gum! Talk of the fragile appetite of "lovely 
woman " ! 



CLIPPmGS. 

Don't the Venetians live on credit when they 
use their goue-dollars to travel with"? And yet 
their ovvers do have something to do with it. — Queen. 

We know not if we know we know. 

We know not if we be, 
Then surely we can never know 

About Psychology. -JJecorrf. 

A smile quite seraphic. 

His countenance wore. 
As he left that dread chamber 

Of mystical lore. 
The cause of the gladness 

That filled pleasure's cup. 
Is : He knew not his lesson. 

And was not called up. 

— C. C. N. Y. Free Press. 

SOIfSET TO A rRESHMAN. 

Sweet little babe, as yet thy untrained tongue 

Can scarcely lisp a word, unless it lies 

To some kind Prof in Wisdonn's nurseries — 

type of Innocence! here thrown among 

A throng of wicked men, who would be hung 

Should all their evil deeds be told ; whose eyes 

Behold thy pallid face— who hear thy cries 

With joy unlimited. Learn this while young : 

Seek not before the mighty Soph to eat. 

Without a well-washed face, and fresh, clean bib ; 

Or else deep grief will be the consequence. 

And when the dread examinations greet thy verdant 

Gaze, seek not to hide thy crib — 

It is the cradle of sweet Innocence ! 

— Acta Columbiana. 



90 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



When spelling is " reformed " she'll write : 
" I'm sailing on the oshun, 

The se is hi, no sale in site, 

It fllz me with emoshun." 

But one " spell " will not change it's name, 

For she'll be se-sic jest the saim ! 

EMENDED QUOTATIONS. 

Multum in parvo — A Sophomoric crib. 
Clironique scandaleuse— The Section Book. 
Pons asinorum -The Sub-Freshman bridge. 
Bete. Noir—A pony. 

Manum de tabula — " Mind the casts ! " 
Otium cum dignitate—A college Presidency. 
I\u>di (Teao-ov — You know how it is yourself. 

—Ex. 

The Amherst Student gives a Freshmen cate- 
chism in which, among others, are the following 
questions and answers : Q. — " Is the Faculty a 
police force?" A. — "No, the Faculty is not a 
police force." Q,. — " Ought you to love the Fac- 
ility 1 " A. — " Yes, we ought to love the Faculty." 
Q. — " Why ought you to lo've the Faculty ? " A. — 
"Because the Faculty love us." Q. — "Ought you 
to love the Sophomore f " A. — " No, we ought not 
to love the Sophomore?" Q.— "Why ought not 
you to love the Sophomore ? " A.—" Because the 
Sophomore does not love us." 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



Now once more comes the time to take up the 
pen and scissors for the purpose of "going through" 
the exchanges. We think our friends must have 
imagined that we have no such thing as summer 
vacation " Down East," judging from the armful 
of mall matter that accumulated at the post-office 
during our eleven weeks' rest. Just as well, for if 
none of them ever "set the river on lire," they will 
do to start an editorial coal-fire -after they have 
been well looked over, of course. 

Now let us see. What have we on our table? 

The Vassar Miscellany to begin with. Always 

welcome ladies. You say you are now " taught the 

laws of waggling your jaws." We believe it after 

this : 

"The days of school were waning fast, 

oi, ot, ot, ot, oi, ot, ot, ot, ot, oi, 
Tbe examinations were almost past, 

ot, ot, ot, ot, oi, 0, 
As to Room I., witb downcast look, 
A Soph<imore went with an armful of books, 

y"=2px, 2px, 2px ; y''='ipx, 2ps, o. 

Next we take up the Olio, which gives us an 
article "to be continued," on " The Genius of Oliver 



Cromwell." We do not think such articles are very 
generally read, and the greatest fault about such, is 
that they must be compiled to so great an extent 
that very little room is left for originality. To write 
an historical article on a man or time of the past, 
requires a vast amount of reading up in different 
authors, and a careful consideration and weighing 
of the facts thus gleaned so as to make them the 
writer's own. Most are unwilling to take so much 
trouble and thus it happens that the generality of 
historical sketches are merely condensations of some 
one's life of somebody. Yet if such an article be 
well written, it gives a condensed view of a man or 
period very useful to give a reader a general idea 
of a subject about which he perhaps would know 
nothing if he had to take the trouble of reading a 
large work for himself. We would suggest to the 
Olio the propriety of lengthening its local space even 
to the exclusion of its science column. 

Says the Courier editorially but wisely— beg par- 
don, we mean and wisely: "In the class-room, 
speak correctly and in a way to be understood. In 
company express your ideas with clearness and 
accuracy ; not with studied precision, but with ease. 
Never be under the necessity of saying 'I know it, 
but can't express it.' By this is not meant the use 
of twice or thrice the number of words or phrases 
proper for expressing an idea, for such volubility 
of speech leaves an impression of weakness of 
thought." 

The Index "ex." man is fully as sarcastic as ever 
in remarking on other papers. He has not hit us 
lately, but we are expecting it. If a paper is not 
wholly unworthy, we believe in giving it credit for 
tbe good in it, but we don't believe in wholesale 
slashing just to fill up the "ex." column. 

We acknowledge receipt of a pamphlet entitled, 
" The Back-Bay District," by and from Moses King, 
editor of Harvard Register, Hand-Book of Boston, 
etc. It is a descriptive guide book of a tract of 
about 1,000 acres which Boston has added to her 
territory by filling in the marshes on Back Bay. 
Also contains excellent engravings of the different 
public buildings, churches, etc., and is certainly 
cheap enough at 25 cents. 

Thanks are also due Messrs. G-. P. Rowell & Co., 
for the American Neivspaper Directory for 1880. 
This work contains a list of all the newspapers and 
periodicals published in the United States and Can- 
ada, together with some account of the towns and 
cities where they are published. It is a very valua- 
ble work for all business men, and an object of 
interest, to say the least, to others. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 27, 1880. 



No. 8. 



BO WD GIN OKIE NT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Mana^in;; Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Etlitciv. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W". Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance j single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances sliould be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

C0NTE2STTS. 
Yol. X., Ko. 8.— October S7, 1880. 

Editorial N"otes 91 

Literary : 

My First Stump Speech 94 

Bowdoiii Fall Race 97 

Communications 98 

College Items 100 

Meeting of the Boards ] 02 

Clippings 102 

Personal 102 



EDITORIAL KOTES. 



By an unaccountable oversight the Oki- 
ENT failed in its last number to greet its 
numerous subscribers with a pathetic appeal 
for the prompt payment of subscriptions. 
For this omission pardon is asked with more 
than usual liumility, as careful I'esearch shows 
it to be without precedent, for in no past 
volume of the Orient do we fail to find in 
number seven an open and manly confession 
that the editorial purse is empty of cash and 
the waste-basket full of threatening letters 
from the printer. The present Board feel 
well repaid for their labors in the liberty of 
being " molders of public opinion," but not 



so with the printer; his cry is "ready cash," 
and therefore ours is, to quote from the 
Farmer's Almanac, "Expect much dunning 
about this time." 



There has been some little complaint of 
late in regard to our new curriculum, as there 
are some few things that do not quite suit all. 
What these complaints are, where they are, 
and why they are made we are sure that all 
interested in the college would like to know, 
— if they leally amount to anything at all, — 
so we cheerfully offer our columns to any who 
may wish to enlighten tlie public. 

The curriculum is not perfect of course, 
but it cannot be seriously denied that it 
is better than the old one, and that the thing 
to do now is to study to improve the new. 
The ideas and suggestions of the students are 
of some value in this, and we think that if 
they formulate their complaints that some- 
thing of good may be drawn from them ; so 
we ask for communications on this subject 
through the columns of the Orient. 



In the present number we publish a com- 
munication on military matters, in reply to a 
similar communication contained in our last 
issue. The subject is one that is well worthy 
of all the discussion it can have, but we are 
rather sorry to see that of our last corre- 
spondent written in the style and vein that 
it is, and should hardly insert it if it did not 
represent the opposite side of the question ; 
for as it stands, it is liable to provoke much 
adverse, and in some cases undeserved, criti- 
cism from the friends of the military depart- 
ment. We, of course, do not hold ourselves re- 
sponsible for any sentiments contained in 



92 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



either of the communications, but shall ever 
be happy to open our columns to the argu- 
ments presented by each side, hoping that by 
it a genuine interest in this department may 
be created for the benefit of the college and 
the students. 



The large amount which has been added 
to the working funds of ■ the college within 
the past few mouths, is a source of great pride 
and satisfaction to every friend of Bowdoin. 
But we can yet not covetously but truthfully 
say, there is still room for consideralile more. 
The professorships that were established have 
been much needed ; Memorial Hall has long 
been suffering to be finished ; and now that 
those things are likely to soon be accomplished, 
it is safe for us to look about and see what 
more needs to be done. That Professorship 
of Oratory and Elocution, on which action was 
taken by the Boards last Commencement, is 
needed ; the librar3' fund and cabinets can and 
should be largely increased ; besides the new, 
and wetrustgood,gymnasiumof which we have 
spoken elsewhere. The friends of the college 
now seem thoroughly alive to its interests, 
and it is to be hoped, and almost expected, 
that even a year hence we may congratulate 
ourselves that these things, too, have been 
accomplished for the good of Old Bowdoin. 



We at last have the pleasure of announc- 
ing that Memorial Hall will be completed, and 
that too, soon and satisfactorily. The money 
is in the hands of a singularly able committee 
with President Chamberlain at its head, and 
we may hope to see the preparations for its 
completion begun immediately. The gym- 
nasium, as now, must of course be vacated, so 
the Boards authorized or instructed the com- 
mittee to procure plans and specifications for 
a new one, and it is stated that funds can be 
raised for that purpose. When the gymna- 
sium is built it should be a good one, and one 
that will fully satisfy the needs of the stu- 



dents. The facilities for training for the 
sports, as boating and base-ball, should be 
bettered, and from the encouragement which 
the Faculty and Boards have given to sports 
in the past, we may very reasonably expect it. 
The present gymnasium has many excellent 
features, and those combined with some 
novelties from the other college g3Tnnasiums, 
will give us what we have needed and 
desired. We should like much to see a 
beginning made before our class leaves ; or 
even if not, to be assured that Bowdoin is 
to have good and substantial buildings for 
all her immediate uses. 



One cannot appreciate the blessing that 
the Peucinian and Athensean Libraries will 
be to the college and students till he has ex- 
amined them as they now are, sees and under- 
stands the system of location and cataloguing, 
and the great labor which has and the much 
more that must yet be expended upon them. 
Though to the casual visitor the signs seem 
rather repelling, yet, if but an inquiry is made, 
the whys and wherefores would be readily 
explained. The books are arranged in sec- 
tions according to their subjects, and as they 
now stand on their shelves a great and need- 
less confusion, involving much extra labor 
and pains, must result if they are disarranged 
and mislaid to any extent. 

By speaking to Mr. Johnson in charge, 
any volume that is wanted will be readily 
found, and can be consulted or taken away if 
desired, by applying to the librarian. The 
cataloguing is by the common card method, 
and when completed will bring the library 
quite within the reach of all. There is a vast 
deal of work yet to be performed there, and 
when finished we trust will repay the faith- 
ful and able labor that accomplished it. 



A plan has been lately suggested that 
can but meet with favor from the students : 
that is, to transfer the magazines belonging to 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



93 



the Reacling-Room to the Athensean and Peu- 
cinian Library-Room in the south wing of 
the chapel. The college now has about 
eighteen periodicals, which would also be at 
the same place accessible to the students, and 
with the libraries close at hand for reference 
and study, a greater literary interest and taste 
might be developed. As it is now cliains, 
padlocks, etc., are necessary for the preserva- 
tion of those in tlie Reading-Room for the use 
of the public, and even then if the pilferer be 
pretty stout and his desires pretty strong, he 
generally manages to carry off a chain in addi- 
tion to his intended plunder. Besides, there 
are but few facilities for examining them at 
the desk, where they nov/ are, — insufficient 
room and seats, — and it nearly always results 
in their destruction before the expiration of 
the month, if not by theft, then by wearing or 
tearing them to tatters. The only disadvantage 
to this proposed plan would be, that they could 
not be accessible in the morning and evening. 
But it would seem as though better facilities, 
more comfortable room, and a large increase 
in the number, should counterbalance that, 
besides the opportunity then to take them to 
the rooms for a short time. The plan should 
receive the immediate attention of the direct- 
ors ; and if possible, notice be given of the 
transfer of next month's magazines to better 
quarters. 



Where is our foot-ball ? In former years 
there were always a few friendly games played 
after the Sophomore-Freshman match, or at 
least a little practice in kicking, but this year 
the silence since the game has been unbroken. 
Why this is so could be well answered by 
pointing to the general indifference, we may 
even say laziness, of many of those who 
should go ahead ; or if one felt like making 
some more decent excuses for the neglect of 
this most important sport, he would undoubt- 
edly claim that base-ball, boating, etc., take 
all our available time and strength; and 



what is more, no organization for this sport, 
nor a place for any in college. All this is 
partly true, but otlier colleges which we con- 
sider no better nor smarter than ourselves 
have all of them, and it would seem that if 
we would care to sustain our reputation for 
enteiprise we must soon make some kind of 
a start in this. Perhaps it is too late for any 
effective work for this season, but a little 
beginning can be made, and an interest cre- 
ated which would aid much if it should be 
tried next year. We hope this will receive 
some consideration from those who should be 
interested, and that foot-ball may soon have 
the place among us that it deserves. 



The Acta has seemed to think that politics 
could be profitably discussed through the 
columns of our college papers, and asks for 
the general opinion on the subject. Although 
many of our students are voters and would 
naturally be interested in the discussion of 
these questions, yet does that seem a good 
and sufficient reason why their introduction 
into our college papers should be so desirable 
at this time ? 

And on this subject we think that it can 
here be safely remarked, that much of the 
influence that college journalism now possesses 
in its sphere, much of that marvelous growth 
and improvement which has so characterized 
the last decade of its historj'', manifested as 
this improvement is in the generally elevated 
tone of the different papers, and the harmony 
which now seems to prevade the college 
newspaper ranks, — much of all this can be 
well ascribed to the entire absence in these 
papers of the virulent political discussions of 
the professional sheets. And though our col- 
leges are communities quite apart from the 
busy world, yet the politics that would be, 
and are discussed there must of necessity be 
the same politics that are discussed without ; 
and must receive the same hasty treatment 
and heated argument, and engender the same 



94 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



passions and prejudices as though the fate of 
the nation depended with what vigor they 
were there handled. And all of that sort of 
business, that one may wish or need, can be 
very easily found in tlie larger metropolitan 
journals; and, of course, treated much more 
ably, exhaustively, and practicallj^ ; while if 
one has anything really deserving the ear of 
the public, this can just as easily be obtained 
either on the stump or through the columns 
of his favorite local paper ; to say nothing of 
the long essay's and themes that can be in- 
flicted on the instructor, and orations at public 
and private exhibitions. 

But it may be urged that only political 
principles on the abstract need be discussed, 
and those would surely be fitting. But how 
long could this be maintained before it would 
be found necessary' to introduce just a little 
of the filth and recklessness of outside politics, 
just to add a little vitality to the learned dull- 
ness and monotony of these momentous dis- 
cussions? But even if it be not necessary to 
resort to that plan to sustain them, could not 
the charge be justly brought of their being 
too heavy and ponderous? Which very style 
of articles, if we remember rightly, no paper 
has exercised a greater or more beneficial in- 
fluence to take from college journalism, than 
has the Acta. So we fail to perceive why, at 
the present time, weighty political essays 
should be any more commendable than here- 
tofore, and why we should be compelled to 
look upon the elaborate airing of the political 
opinions of the statesmen of the futuie, in 
the place of such college news, gossip, and 
fun which before has filled their columns. 



LITERARY. 



MY FIRST STUMP SPEECH. 
I was always something of a politician ; 
for I constantly read the j)apers, attended 
all the mass meetings on both sides, lugged a 



torch and sported a striped yellow-and-red 
uniform at all the grand rallies, argued any- 
where and everywhere with all those who 
could not agree with me, and got just as mad 
and excited, and made just as much noise as 
though I was forty instead of twenty-one. In 
fact, as can be seen, I was a model Amer- 
ican-citizen politician — every where more ready 
to attend to the business of the public than 
my own, and with much more regard for 
the welfare of the nation than that of neigh- 
bors or family. 

At the very beginning of the present 
campaign I waxed enthusiastic, and quite as 
early made up my mind to help my party with 
my own valuable services on the stump. So, 
just as soon as the State Central Committee 
was organized and in running order, I sent 
them a very polite letter informing them who 
and what I was, giving as references many of 
the heaviest men in my native place, and tell- 
ing them how much good I knew I could do on 
the stump ; and as for all mercenary motives, 
all that I cared or expected was to have my 
expenses paid and ten dollars or so a week, 
with perhaps a fair chance for a good, easy 
paying office after our grand victory and after 
mj' graduation. As I anticipated, an answer 
came in due season, and though they accepted 
my services they hardly thought them worth 
more than my expenses, made no mention of 
any office after election, and were also a little 
indefinite about my appointments. But I 
didn't care ver}^ much, about those little 
things ; the expenses can be made pretty large 
I thought, and there really was a little time 
needed to prepare my eloquent and effective 
address. 

Well, time rolled along ; my speech was 
completed ; the campaign waxed hotter and 
hotter ; election day was drawing uncomfort- 
ably near, and yet I had received no notice of 
my appointment. Could it be that I was 
forgotten; that all of those bright visions of 
fame and glory which would follow my tri- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



95 



umphant march through the land ; that all of 
those eager bursts of applause from the vast 
waiting multitude, entranced by the impas- 
sioned eloquence with Avhich my speech was 
adorned; that those ardent congratulations of 
my delighted friends and acquaintances, and 
those witching smiles from bright eyes and 
cherry lips of my lady friends, were all to come 
to naught and vanish whence they came ? — 
and just because ray letter had probably been 
mislaid and my appointments forgotten by a 
blundering and negligent committee. But 
you may be sure that I did not stop for such 
slight obstacles as those. I went to see tliem 
myself; was very cordially received, and was 
appointed to speak three days thence at a rather 
small country town which had the reputation 
of being a hard, rough, copperhead district, in 
company with a prominent, though rather 
unpopular politician of my acquaintance. 

I went home in a flurry of excitement, 
and for the next three days hardly ate, slept, 
or sat any length of time, and for aught I 
know talked or walked any ; and when tlie 
eventful day came, I waxed my rather feeble 
moustaclie carefull}^ dressed my curly locks in 
the most artistic style, and as to the rest of 
my adornments, they were simply gorgeous. 
Early in the evening, with the gentleman who 
was to speak with me, we started for our 
appointment, having a ride of about ten miles 
before us. I am afraid I did not talk very 
sensibljr going out, for all I could think of 
were the bands of music I fancied would be 
there to greet us ; a large and finely decorated 
hall, packed with the intelligence, the refine- 
ment and beauty of the community, all ready 
to appreciate my many telling points and 
witty stories ; the glowing intioduction and 
the cheers that was sure to meet us when 
presented. I had really pictured the whole 
stirring scene, from first to last, to myself. 
But how different the reality ! 

We arrived in due season at our destina- 
tion, and were met by a rather hard looking 



old fellow, who was a self-appointed committee 
to conduct us to the hall. We were some 
late when we got there, and found a little low 
smoky apartment, but quite well filled with 
voters, small boys, and giggling girls ; the 
whole mass odorous enough with onions and 
poor tobacco to disgust even a man with 
cast-iron nostrils. Just here I must confess 
to feeling a little down-hearted at not seeing 
the band that I imagined, and at the hall and 
audience before us ; but then, thought I, the 
ladies will come in soon, they are always a 
little late, and they will surely be here by 
the time I commence, for I was to speak last. 
Just here the Chairman came up, shook hands 
cordiall3' all round, escorted us to the plat- 
form, and without further ceremony intro- 
duced my companion as the speaker of the 
evening. I didn't like that very well, and 
when my turn came I was bound to show 
them who really was the speaker of the even- 
ing. 

My companion's speech was a little dry, I 
thought, and a deal too long ; and he dwelt 
altogether too much on statistics and such 
things, and did not know how or try to raise 
any entlmsiasm in his audience. But at last 
he even stopped, got a fair lot of applause, 
and sat down. Now comes my turn. My 
spirits did sink a little, and my knees trembled 
a good deal in spite of all I could do ; but 
there, a good eloquent introduction will dis- 
pose of all that. But here it is: "Feller 
citizens, we'll now hear a few remarks from 

young Mr. , on the issoos of the day," 

spoken in a decidedly ordinary nasal tone, 
while leaning comfortably^ back in his chair. 
This, combined with my other disappoint- 
ments, gave my spirits another jump down- 
ward ; but here I was, I must go ahead and 
make the best of it, without all those elaborate 
preparations which I had been accustomed to 
see in the city. So I began, a little bit 
bewildered, I am afraid : 

" Mr. President, Fellow-Citizens, Ladies 



96 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and Gentlemen," and here I stopped, for I had 
entirely forgotten what I intended to say next, 
but thinking to flatter tliem I belched out, 
"and Coiintiymen." "No sass from ye, yer 
blasted idiot ! Shut up on that or we'll plow 
the dirt with ye ! " and other like assuring ex- 
pressions, were heard from different ])arts of 
the room. And here I was also more forcibly 
reminded of the inapprojiriateness of my 
epithet by a couple of soft potatoes, one dis- 
arranging my elaborate and beautiful necktie, 
and the other just picking my ear. All these 
little favors did not help me one bit, but see- 
ing I must propitiate them quick, I began one 
of my funny stories, although I knew it was 
not the right place for it. " My friends," siiid 
I, as the last potato picked me, "that reminds 
me of a little story I once heard about a 
fancy ball in the West, where one of the 
gentlemen seeing a young lady coming from 
the refreshment room with an order of 
dances in her hand, asked, 'Miss Angel, is 
your programme full?' 'My programme 
full!' ejaculated the fairy maiden, 'no, I 
rather gness not; a hunk of sponge cake and 
a couple plates of beans don't go far toward 
filling ray programme, I can tell j'ou.' " 

I don't know whether I told the story 
right or not, but I tried to act it out, and as 
they all laughed I guess I did make some 
impression, though I heard a young rough 
near the door say, " What a cursed fool that 
feller is making of himself ! " Only he didn't 
say cursed. Then I commenced again : 
" J'ellow-Citizens, this is a great and glorious 
country." " Who said 'twant ? " squeaked 
the omnipresent small boy, from the back part 
of the room. Of course I didn't take any 
notice of that, though it did make them 
laugh quite as much as my story did, and I 
went on. " It is the land that our forefathers 
and foremothers fought, bled, and died to 
found and preserve." "How do you know 
there wan't five mothers ? " " What kind of 
preserves did they found? " came from differ- 



ent parts of the room. This caused them to 
laugh pretty loud, and as they seemed humor- 
ously inclined, I concluded to give them 
another funny story, so I begun again : " Just 
here, Mr. Chairman and Fellow-Citizens, I am 
reminded of a little incident of which I once 
heard : A stranger, passing a church-yard, 
and seeing a hearse standing hard by, inquired 
who was dead. The sexton informed him. 
' What complaint ? ' asked the inquisitive 
one. ' There is no complaint; everybody is 
satisfied,' said the old man." 

Though I tried to set tliis out also, they 
didn't laugh at all as I expected, but sat as 
sober and quiet as deacons. I was a little 
disconcerted at this, and hardly knew what to 
do next, when I was startled by the swash of 
an egg close to my ear, and the spatter against 
the wall behind me, and then the thump of a 
huge soft potato right in the middle of my 
immaculate shirt bosom ; and amid consider- 
able uproar I began again : " Fellow-Citi- 
zens, we now have an epoch in our history." 
" A what ? " bawled out an inebriated old 
sinner on a seat in front of me. "I nev (hie) 
never heard them (hie) terbater bugs called 
that 'fore (hie) ! " This sort of stirred me 
up, and I began to go for them a little : 

" This is a free country for the rich and wise 
as well as for the ignorant and degraded, for 
the high as well as the low, .in the East as 
well as in the West, amid the pine-clad hills 
of the North as well as among the sunny vales 
of the South, and I have just as much right 
to talk politics to you ignorant negroes here 
as has the blackest Republican in Mississippi 
to any countrymen ! " I was a little flustrated, 
and I don't know as I did say exactly what I 
meant, or at any rate I didn't mean exactly 
what I said in that old copperhead town, for 
theyimmediately rose and went for me. "We'll 
see if you can sass us ! " " Call us niggers, 
will ye ! " " Tell us we don't know any- 
thing !" and such expressions, accompanied by 
rather ancient and odorous eggs, doubtful to- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



97 



niatoes and potatoes, juvenile yet hardened 
squashes, and by a large variety of vegetables 
quite too numerous to mention, all seeking 
the acquaintance of different portions of my 
anatomy. 

The Chairman and my companion, early 
perceiving" the danger had easily slid out, so 
when I turned I suddenly found myself alone, 
and it can be safely inferred here that I didn't 
stay there very long ; for seeing an old man 
close to me, before he could touch me I started 
for the window, raised tiie sash and leaped 
from the' second story to the ground, not stop- 
ping to see that the man was nearly eighty 
and was coming to help me. Having gath- 
ered myself up as quickly as possible, I ran 
for the team, minus hat, overcoat, and gloves, 
with shirt, necktie, and clothes well bespattered 
with the vegetable, animal, and all other matter 
that had been liberally showered as bouquets 
upon me. 

I soon found the team and my companion 
in it, and borrowing a coat and hat from the 
Chairman, we were soon on our way home, 
both of us silent, and I deeply pondering on 
the vicissitudes of human life and especially 
in politics. But on our way home I believe 
we did agree upon a story of the horrible 
outrage and indignity which had been prac- 
ticed upon us, to regale our party friends 
through the columns of the Daily Eagle of 
the next morning. All those dazzling visions 
of fame, glory, etc., have now slunk away 
from before my eyes, and Jiereafter I shall de- 
vote, as I still feel, my really great talents to 
the measuring of calico and cotton thread in 
the corner dry goods store of my uncle, and 
leave the science and practice of politics to 
coarser and grosser natures. 



BOWDOIN FALL RACE. 

The interest in the scrub race culminated 
Wednesday afternoon, four crews coming into 



line for the race over the mile and a quarter 
course. The men, although in many cases 
new to rowing, had been in training for sev- 
eral weeks, and consequently felt the impor- 
tance of showing to the best advantage. 
About half-past four, Mr. Robinson called 
them to their positions, Fisher's crew being 
No. 1, from the boat house ; Plimpton, No. 2 ; 
Chase, No. 3 ; Larrabee, No. 4. At the word 
"go" there was a simultaneous splash as the 
sixteen oars struck the water, and Chase's 
boat showed its bow at the front. ' But before 
they had pulled a half dozen strokes. Moody 
broke his oar at the button, and Chase's crew 
was out of the race. 

The other crews, notwithstanding the 
shouts of " hold on," " let up," " come back," 
kept on pulling for dear life. Lari-abee turned 
the stake first, with Plimpton second, while 
Fisher's "■ beefy " crew brought up the rear, 
and this was the order at the end of the race. 
Time 8.52. Larrabee set a good, clean stroke 
and his crew pulled well together, but was 
closely pushed by Plimpton's crew, winning 
only by a boat length. The following are the 
names of the crews : 

'80 BOAT.. 

Larrabee Stroke and Captain. 

J. W. Mauson No. 3. 

Keed No. 2. 

Kogers 1 Bow. 

E. H. Chamberlin Cox. 

'82 BOAT. 

Plimpton Stroke and Captain. 

E. U. Curtis No. 3. 

Carpenter No. 2. 

Sveeetser Bow. 

Staples, '82 Cox. 

'81 BOAT. 

Fislier Stroke and Captain. 

Brown, 'M No. 3. 

Gardner No. 2. 

Gannett Bow. 

Holway Cox. 

'83 BOAT. 

Chase Stroke and Captain. 

Moody No. 3. 

Towle No. 2. 

Achoru Bow. 

Fling Cox. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



COMMUKICATIOHS. 



Editors of Orient : 

As the matter of the Department of Mil- 
itary Science is brought more prominently 
into view by a circular recently issued and 
signed by our most highly esteemed and pop- 
ular tutor in this department, " 31. Crawford, 
First Lieutenant Second Artillery, Professor 
of Military Science and Tactics in Boivdoin 
College, Maine,'' and as in your last issue you 
were asked certain questions evidently meant 
to be concerning its use in the "perpetuation 
of our Republic in years to come," and hints 
to its political friends, what a bulwark RJio 
Alpha Kappa would prove, if necessary, 
against an uprising of " Rebel Brigadiers," 
we cannot allow your expectant leaders, espe- 
cially those removed from the war-like ap- 
pearance of and military atmosphere which 
pervades our college on drill days, to look 
through your columns unanswered and dis- 
satisfied. Nor shall we suffer the extreme 
modesty of our Commander-in-Chief to keep 
from public sight the many blessings which 
maj' accrue to our government from his 
masterly efforts. 

We feel sure that the people of Maine do 
not appreciate the fact that within thirty 
miles of the State capital, a short distance to 
those accustomed to marching, there is in 
constant training a squad of youth who know 
no fear, and study the art of fighting for the 
sole purpose of preserving peace, else they 
could have felt no concern for the safety of 
the State last winter. But to the answer of 
those questions which are worthy of the best 
efforts of the deepest thinker and most ac- 
complished writer, and the onerous burden of 
which we take upon our narrow shoulders, 
not because we feel strong enough to bear 
it with credit, but because a duty to your 
readers cautions us not to pass over a matter 
of such marked importance to our welfare 
and the welfare of all mankind. Whether or 



not " this country will enjoy uninterruptedly 
the blessings of peace for twenty or thirty 
3'ears to come," we most emphatically affirm, 
depends largely upon the future success of 
our own Military Department. This hope of 
peace we willingly rest here in the hands of 
competent managers. Attention, Battalion ! 

Since your last issue we have scarcely 
had sufficient time for any extended con- 
versation with " the only officer of the reg- 
ular army " now in college, as to whether 
he expects again to be called into active 
service, but to sufficiently satisfy your 
readers of the dangers daily surrounding 
them, we would say that we understand that 
upon one occasion this commissioned officer 
was summoned b)^ the President of the United 
States away from his duties here, and meas- 
ures were immediately proposed in our Fac- 
ulty meeting lest the Queen of England 
might not also be in need of his services. 
What the establishment of a military post at 
Bowdoin could have to do with a " Fool's 
Errand " we cannot at present answer, but 
refer ourinquirerto the popularity with which 
the boys chose the drill and the success which 
its electors attain in military tactics. " Is it 
reasonable to suppose that our government, 
which does not protect the rights of its own 
citizens to-day, will be so vigilant and so 
strong that you and I may never witness the 
ravages of war ? " I would answer, plainly, 
no. We must have more men trained 
throughout the whole country as we have 
them here. Men with huge beards and small 
brains, men with large pipes and small mus- 
cles, men with good bellies and poor eyes, in 
whom we may place confidence else the very 
foundation of our Republican form of govern- 
ment will molder and crumble, and the very 
objects for which our forefathers fought be 
lost in partisan broils. As to whether a "four 
j^ears' experience in the drill, without a cer- 
tificate from the President and Instructor, 
would be worth much more than the certifi- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



99 



cate without the experience ? " We can an- 
swer but for one ; for ourselves we should 
choose the certificate first, last and all the 
time, because it would show to others what 
our acquired knowledge could not, that 
we had received instruction in Military Science 
from a department second only to West Point. 
To the last question, whether or not a man 
might become " a citizen of the United States 
competent to meet a citizen's requirements 
without a knowledge of military matters ? " 
We respond to the civilian in this manner. 
Go watch the dignified Rho Alpha Kappa as 
he parades upon the base-ball field during a 
game, or watches without the slightest ap- 
parent excitement our boat-races, then can 
you feel that you possess the nerve to render 
your vote of paramount importance with his ! 
Or rather should they be equal ? But in an- 
swering in part these questions, we have not 
as yet touched upon many excellent quali- 
ties belonging almost exclusively to the Bow- 
doin soldier, one of the most conspicuous of 
which is self-esteem. We could hardly call 
it conceit, because it is scarcely more than 
just that they should feel the importance of 
military instruction as above that of civil, and 
it is scarcely more than natural that after 
the frequent and hearty applause they have 
so often received from the windows of our 
dormitories, that they should perceive their 
acknowledged superiority over classical civil- 
ians. In a true cadet a spirit to push ahead 
is always awakened, and many instances can be 
sighted where, in the very face of all hope 
and reason, resemblances to beards have been 
sprouted, and although such one's have sel- 
dom attained any degree of success it cannot 
be laid to any lack of blind ambition or fool- 
hardy perseverance. Other perhaps essential 
qualities might be spoken of, but would im- 
part no new knowledge of military characters, 
such as " cheek," " bold and sublime cheek " 
in its purest application, which is truly an 
important attribute. 



But to pass on to our circular which all 
our parents must have received. What a 
masterly production ! By the most convinc- 
ing and pleasing phrases it leads along tiie 
fond parent, and induces him in very many 
cases to recommend the drill to his son. 
First, it impresses the father with the kindness 
of the government through the "bounty of 
which this college affords a military training" 
to his son. Second, it speaks of the lack of 
military discipline in most other colleges, and 
gives his economy a slight nudge by telling 
him how much we can enjoy here at the gov- 
ernment's expense. Third, it tells how much 
danger to the government may be averted in 
after years by the Bowdoin Cadets of to-day. 
Fourth, it shows how little time is required 
to really master the art. Fifth, another bid 
to the avaricious ! (O ye feeder of the 
greedy!) Money prizes for expert marks- 
men ! Sixth, after leading the reader up this 
smooth and pleasant path, after exciting a 
fatherly ambition for the future of his son, 
and tickling his economical fancies, suddenly 
and subtlety it gives the " Old man's pocket- 
book " a " slug " and calls for $10 or $12, but 
by a happy combination of words it seeks to 
lessen the cost by showing the glories it 
would purchase. Think, it seems to say, of 
your son William at Bowdoin College drawn 
up in battle array, wearing a pair of gray 
trousers with big black welts on both legs, a 
dark blue blouse with a row of shiny brass 
buttons, "two pair of white cotton gloves," and 
last of all, but by no means least, a military 
cap with a great big piece of "red pompom " 
on top, and the blouses and caps to be ordered 
by "ilf. Crawford, First Lieutenant Second 
Artillery, Professor of Military Science and 
Tactics, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me." B. 



Editors of Orient : 

It has been asked in the Orient before, 
Why cannot we have foot-ball here, try to 
establish a team, practice some among our- 



100 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



selves, and make a beginning for this vigorous 
and manly sport at Bowdoin ? The reason is 
obvious, and it is one that is quite true of our 
musical interests, viz., that there is no organ- 
ization in college to further and support it. 
That this reason is a good one, can be seen 
by the comparison of the time which is de- 
voted to it with that to base-ball and boating, 
and remember but a few years since it was 
quite equal to either of them in tlie fall. But 
just here a very pertinent question arises. 
Can we support another organization in col- 
lege devoted to the promotion of athletic 
sports ? This can be readily answered in the 
negative by examining the long list of names 
in all the associations who have not paid their 
dues, and then consider that the great ma- 
jority of men who would be interested in 
foot-ball are already members of one or more 
of the three existing associations, and would 
not probably feel like help supporting another 
and new one. 

So since it would seem inexpedient to try 
to form another association, does it not seem 
that something miglit be done through one of 
the old ones? The fall term, beginning 
so late as it does, forces the boating man 
to substitute for his class races " scratch 
races," as requiring less skill and training ; so 
this association is nearly as busy in fall as in 
spring. 

The base-ball men also choose their cap- 
tain for the ensuing year, try to get out their 
men on the delta, and this fall have played 
several interesting and profitable games. So 
this association, too, has all it can well attend 
to in this fall term. But with the Athletic As- 
sociation it is diffei-ent. So long as the terms 
are arranged as now, it will be impossible to 
have a Field Day in the fall, and as the as- 
sociation is one of the largest in college, and 
generally has quite a handsome sum left each 
year, after expenses of Field Day, what we 
would propose is that they assume some charge 
over foot-ball. This association contains the 



men who are and should be strongly inter- 
ested in it, and if the initiatory steps were 
taken this fall to change the constitution and 
create an interest, it would never be any great 
burden on the association. 

The base-ball and boating men will soon 
stop their active out-door work on the field 
and river, and what could be better exercise 
for either than a half-hour or more good work 
at foot-ball, not to speak of the great enjoy- 
ment there always exists in the sport? 

It depends on some one to go ahead in this 
matter, and we think it can and should be 
done by the Athletic Association, and would 
ask that the directors at least take it into con- 
sideration ; and we trust that ere long we 
shall hear, as of old, the joyous shouts of the 
many struggling contestants in that noble 
sport that has quite vanished from among us. 

F. B. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



A enusoieutions Senior onoe prepared a goodly fakir, 

Of the que.-itiocs it but fully covered one; 

But he writing that completely, 

Folded up his papers neatly, 

Said, tis better than the whole ten poorly done. 

Are you going to Bowcloiuham ? 

"The gentleman from Fryeburg." 

The straight Phi Chi ticlset went in to .win. 

Taey say the village of Lisbon Falls is dry — very 
dry. 

Larrabee broke the last oar of the original '81 
set. 

W. A. GJ-nrdner has been chosen captain of the 
college nine. 

First quarterly examination in Psychology, Fri- 
day, Oct. 2^d. 

Lawn Tennis seems to be the favored game with 
some of the boys. 
• Tes, yes ; an eight-cent plug of tobacco is pretty 
good for one chew. 

Topshara Fair developed the flirting capacity of 
most of the Freshmen. 

A. E. Whitten, '81, has been appointed Senior 
Librarian and Messenger. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



101 



The festive "yagger" still haunts the halls in 
search of something to do. 

Pres. Chamberlain t)egan his lectures on Political 
Economy, Wednesday the 20th. 

The Plans of the Boat Course of which wp have 
spoken before, are for sale at 20 A. H. 

Wilson, pitcher and captain of the college nine 
for two years, has given up ball playing. 

The bonfire in the rear of the college buildings 
occasioned considerable uoise for a small ail'air. 

Now that the scrub race is over, it is to be hoped 
a little practice on the delta will be worked in. 

Bro. Tenney is the authority that the money for 
the new gymnasium will be forthcoming when 
needed. 

Some of the class crews have already been on 
the river since the races, showing a commendable 
interest in the sport for nest season. 

Kent's Hill Nine seems to be able to hold their 
own with Bates and Colby, having beaten the former 
1.3 to 4, and losing with the latter .5 to 4. 

The first meeting of the Seniors for the practice 
of Parliamentary law was successful in confusing 
chairman, secretary, and every one present. 

Capt. Bates would take this means of informing 
the Seniors that life insurance policies can be ob- 
tained before going into the chemical lecture room. 

The sound of a horn, now-a-days, is more dis- 
tressing to one of the Profs., as shown by his prowl- 
ing around the halls, than to the average Freshman. 

Instructor — " Mr. W , will }'ouenlarge on that 

topic 1 " Mr. W immediately takes his seat, 

remarking that he don't think be will, as he already 
weighs 210. 

The old mathematical recitation room in South 
Maine Hall was altered during vacation, and now 
runs through the whole width of the building as the 
Senior class room. 

The President reports that within the past four 
months $105,000 has been paid into the college treas- 
ury as gifts, adding thirty-three and a third per 
cent, to the working fund of the college. 

The following papers have been added to the 
reading-room : Puck, Scientific American, New En- 
gland Journal of Education, Journal of Health, 
Christian Union, Golden Bute, Daily Kennebec 
Journal. 

A scientific (?) turn of mind in the case of two 
Seuiors has culminated in the construction of a tel- 
ephone. (The preceding remark is not made for 



the enlightenment of those who room in the same 
liall with the telephone.) 

The following men have been chosen ^Jt^'te editors 
for '82 : E. R. Jewett, Alpha Delta Phi ; G. F. 
Bates, Psi Upsilon ; A. M. Goddard, Delta Kappa 
Epsiloii; Geo. G. Weeks, Zeta Psi; E. T. McCarthy, 
Theta Delta Chi. 

We can stand horn blowing, the yelling of 
" lights out," discordant singing of Phi Chi, and even 
an occasional sprinkling of water in Sophoraoric en- 
deavors to bring up the Freshmen in the right path. 
But when one of these bold youths imitate so closely 
one of the Faculty in his whiskers, that near-sighted 
Seniors touch their hats to him, we must protest 
and beg that either the Faculty man or the Soph 
sacrifice his beard. 

The Peucinian and Athenaean Libraries are now 
open daily from ].30 p.m. until dusk, and books may 
be consulted or taken by applying to Mr. Johnson, 
in charge. It is desirable that the books should 
not be mislaid, as they have been sorted and ar- 
ranged very carefully, and for that purpose the for- 
bidding signs are raised. The process of catalogu- 
ing is now going on, but it must be some time yet 
before it can be completed. 

A convention of the religious societies of New 
England colleges was lield in conjunction with the 
annual convention of the Y. M. C. A. of Mass., at 
Lynn, Oct. 19-22. The societies of eight colleges, 
Amherst, Bates, Bowdoin, Brown, Colby, Wesleyan, 
Williams, Tale, and one seminary (Willisten), were 
represented by thirteen men. Two sessions were 
held Wednesday. At th'e first, the question, " How 
can religious work in colleges be bestaccomplished?" 
was discussed ; and at the latter the importance of 
all college religions societies joining themselves to 
the college branch of the Y. M. C. A. was presented 
by the college secretary. The convention was a 
very satisfactory one, and it is to be hoped that it 
will form but one in a series of conventions which 
will tend to unite more closely the students and dif- 
ferent religious societies of our New England col- 
leges. 

There lived a funny Sophomore who blew upon a horn, 

'Twas the only simple pleasure that he had. 

But there came a cruel Freshman with intimidating 

brawn, 
And he smashed that little trumpet pretty bad. 

Then the Sophomore was angrv, but what good could that 

do, 
For his little horn would never live again. 
And he dared not buy another, for the brawny Freshman, 

too, 
Inquired, " Are your little horn-ets pay-n ? " 



102 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



MEETING OF THE BOARDS. 

The Hnurds met in Portliiiid, on Tacsday, Oct. 19, 
transacted their business and iidjounied. After tlio 
adjournment members present were entertained at 
the residence of P. W. Chandler, Federal Street. 

Votes of thanks were adopted to the representa- 
tives of the family of the late Admiral Henry K. 
Thatcher, for the gift of a portrait of Gen. Kno.x, 
painted by Gilbert Stuart; to Henry Winkley. Esq., 
of Philadelpbia,for the gift of .$15,000, in addition to 
$2.1.000 previously given for the establishment of a 
Latin Professorship; to Mrs. Valeria J. Stone of Mai- 
den, Mass., for the gift of S.")0,000 to establish a Pro- 
fessorship of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy ; and 
to the same lady for the gift of $20,000 for the com- 
pletion of Memorial Hall, on certain specified condi- 
tions, and with thanks the gifts were accepted. 

Voted, To establish the Winkley Professorship of 
Latin Language and Literature, and to establish the 
Stone Professorship of Intellectual and Moral Phi- 
losophy ; Prof. Geo. T. Ladd was elected to fill that 
Professorship at a salary of $2,500. 

The President was requested to convey the 
thanks of the Boards to Mrs. Stone for her munifl- 
cent gifts. 

A committee of the two Boards was raised to 
superintend the completion of Memorial Hall, con- 
sisting, from the Trustees, of President Chamber- 
lain, Hon. J. W. Bradbury, Hon. Peleg W. Chand- 
ler, Hon. J. B. Brown ; from the Overseers, of Cyrus 
Woodman, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass., Prof. J. B. 
Sewall, Braintree, Mass., E. F. Packard, Esq., Au- 
burn, G. E. B. Jackson, Esq., Portland, and Galen 

C. Moses, Esq., Bath. The committee was also in- 
structed to procure and accept plans for the con- 
struction of a gymnasium, whenever the means can 
be obtained without a resort to college funds. 

The Boards voted to appropriate to Instructor 

D. A. Robinson the sum of $.50.00, for a course of 
lectures to the Freshman class on Hygiene. 

Degrees out of course were conferred : A. B. on 
Daniel Thomp.son Richardson, class '41, Augustine 
Simmons, class 71 ; S. .M. on Serope A. Gurdjian, 
class '77. 



PERSONAL. 



["n^e earnestly solicit cdinuiuulcatinns to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

The following roll of '80 is as nearly correct and 
complete as we are able to give; we hope that any 
mistakes will be corrected and additions made : 

Bartlett, teaching in No. McGregor, Iowa. 

Burbank will teach in Shapleigh, Me. 

Chapman, with Col. Waring, at Newport. 

Collins is studying medicine in St. Louis. 

Conant, in business, Portland. 

Dane, studying law in Kennebunk ; will teach in 
Manchester, Me. 

Edwards, teaching in Topsham. 

Ferguson, at home, in Shapleigh, Me. 



Gilbert, at home, in Turner, Me. 

Giveen, in California. 

Goulding, in the office of Androscoggin Mills, 
Lewiston. 

Grindall, in Columbia Law School, New York ; 
also teaching an evening school. 

Hall, in business, Vallejo, Cal. 

Harding, teaching at Hampden, Me. 

Holmes, A. H., in business, Brunswick. 

Holmes, A. D., teaching in Bridgton, Me. 

Jones, in Auburn, Me. 

Maxcy, at home, in Portland. 

Payson, in business, Portland. 

Perkins, in business and studying law, Waltham, 
Mass. 

Purington, teaching in So. Turner. 

Scott, studying law in Portland. 

Spring, in business, Boston, Mass. 

Swett, at home, in Brunswick. 

Weil, studying law in Lawrence, Mass. 

Whitmore, studying law in Gardiner, Me. 

Wilson, H. B., at home in Portland. 

W^ilson, V. C, teaching in No. Conway, N. 

Wing, studying law in Bangor. 

Winter, teaching in Berlin Falls, N. H. 
study law in Bethel. 



H. 



will 



CLIPPINGS. 



With your metre poetic, and metre prosaic, 

And metre'for a sigh or a bellow. 
There's the metre we don't like, — to meet her bv moon- 
light 

Tete-a-tete with the other fellow ! — U. Herald. 

Tt is now settled that J. Frost was the author of 
"Beautiful Snow." 

Prof, (in Physiology) — " Mr. S s, what are 

the characteristics of mammals?" Mr. S s. — 

"Mammals are animals that hatch their eggs aud 
walk on the gvomid."— Argus. 

Science enumerates 588 species of organic forms 
in the air we breathe. Just think of it ! Every 
time you draw a breath a whole zoological garden 
slips down your windpipe and no free tickets to the 
press. — Ex. 

"Pull up your stakes," the old man said ; 

" "Why don't you Westward fto 
And start a farm ? " The youth replied, 

" I would, if Idaho." 

" Chivalrous boy ! " his sire exclaimed, 

" Tour pluck full well I know ; 
I'll help you out, if that is all 

You need. Here, Ivanhoe ! " 

He started out and Westward ■went, 

Inspired with youthful ardor ; 
But something whispered at Cheyenne, 
" Would you go If-e-vada? " 

" I know I said if Idaho 

I would not ask for mower : 
But now, that I can take my pick, 

My dream is surely ore ! " 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK. MAINE, NOVEMBER 10, 1880. 



No. 9. 



BO WD O IN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OP '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Busioess EdiUir. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John AV. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick aa Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. X., No. 9.— NovEiiBER 10, 18S0. 

Editorial Notes 103 

Our Sports 105 

Communication : 

The New Curriculum 106 

College Items 108 

Delta Kapim Epsilon 110 

Theta Delta Chi HI 

Personal Ill 

College World ..112 

Clippings 112 

Editors' Table 113 



EDITORIAL KOTES. 



Presidential election has come and gone, 
and we trust that the passions, prejudices, and 
bitternesses engendered by the heated canvass 
of the past four months liave departed witli 
it. The Orient has, of course, refrained 
from any discussion of the various issues, not 
onh' because we are removed from the active 
canvass by our term beginning so late, but 
also because our Editorial Board, in town, 
consists of three Republicans and three Dem- 
ocrats, and each party is mightily afraid of 
the other. Now that this excitement is past, 



our attention must again be directed to our 
legitimate duties, and there are many that 
seriously require it. Our studies, the different 
sports, class matters, and the like now need 
all the time we have, and it is to be hoped 
will receive it. 



The Monda}' World of November 1st, in 
its college column, spoke of the enthusiasm 
for Lawn Tennis that exists in many of the 
prominent colleges, and it suggests to us the 
propriety of further cultivating it here. A be- 
ginning has been made and some interest 
already awakened, and it is to be hoped cer- 
tainly that it will be increased with the next 
season. There is an abundance of room, and 
the same vacancy exists for it here as else- 
where, and it would seem that it could but 
flourisli if energetically undertaken. Now, 
while the interest in some of our otlier and 
more vigorous sports seems to be dormant, 
there is a splendid opportunity to vent all sur- 
plus energy in developing this, and to place 
us in some respects beside other colleges. 



There should be a determination in each 
class in their elections of tliis year to carrj' 
out, just so far as is possible, the various col- 
lege customs for the year, and to put forward 
men who will ablj' and energetically perform 
the duties assigned them. One cannot be 
aware until the occasion is past, how much is 
lost by the neglect to observe these customs, 
and if there be an early determination and 
preparation for these, when the time reallj- 
does come half the work will seem to have 
been performed. The various class sports 
should also receive proper attention in the 
meeting, and all signs of decadence manifest 



104 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



now should be met by the old-time work and 
enthusiasm. We can hardly afford to let our 
old customs and sports now go by default, for 
by them t!ie general health and contentment 
of the college has been bettered, and our 
fealty and love for Old Bowdoin largely in- 
creased. 



It would seem as though it was about 
time for the Freshmen to be stirring in boat- 
ing matters, not only for their own good but 
also for that of the college. In former years at 
this time of the fall term there have been 
quite a number of men working hard in the 
gymnasium, and as manifest enthusiasm in 
the class without, over a boat and their pros- 
pects of winning. 

This subject is one that cannot longer be 
delayed by them without permanent detri- 
ment to their own crew and to the interest 
in the other classes, and if they do not soon 
go ahead in this matter, the upperclassmen 
should advise them. At their class meeting, 
which must be held soon, they sliould make 
arrangements to immediately put six or eight 
good men in the " Gym," work them as hard 
as other classes have, begin tlie discussion and 
canvass for a class boat, and blow and talk of 
what this crew can do as other good Fresh- 
men have done. Then, and not till then, will 
the interest in boating begin to revive ; and 
whoever in the upper classes really has the 
future good of boating at heart, had better 
manifest his interest and enthusiasm by first 
stirring up the Freshmen. 



A meeting of the Maine Historical Society 
has been called for Tuesday, Nov. 23d, in 
their library room in tlie chapel, to consider 
the subject of the removal of its library and 
curiosities to Portland. Mr. Tenney is much 
agitated over this, and in the Telegraph of 
last week advances some very sound and solid 
argumentswhy thiscliangeshoiild not be made. 
We certainly hope that Mr. Tennej-'s views 



will prevail, for the property of the society, 
under its present conditions and restrictions, 
is invaluable to any student interested in the 
history of this State, and fully supplements 
our college librarj' in this important particular, 
and it would seem as though the benefits of the 
nearness of such a library as the college posses- 
ses, would quite compensate for many of the ad- 
vantages of Portland. And if it is also pro- 
posed to do away with the annual meeting on 
Tuesday of Commencement week, the change 
would be felt still more severely by us, as it 
eliminates an important feature of interest to 
the older alumni of our own college, and to 
many other noted men and scholars from this 
and other States. For these reasons we ear- 
nestly hope the change will not be made, and 
the old-time advantages from the presence and 
meetings of the society yet left to us. 



For some time past many of the college 
papers have been striving to persuade the 
students to bestow their patronage exclusively 
upon those who advertise in their columns, 
and have advanced many s&und reasons for 
so doing. These same arguments may well 
apply here, and even more forcibly than in 
many colleges, because we do not have so 
large a field to gather advertisements and 
have not so much trade to bestow, and unless 
it is concentrated will not be perceptibly felt. 
Now, while the Bugle editors are collecting 
their advertisements, and before the next 
Board assume charge of the Orient, the 
business men in tliis vicinity should be given 
to understand that those who advertise will 
get the trade of the students, and those who 
have " given money enough to that paper and 
other shows of them students," will get no 
more money than they give. This is a matter 
that directly concerns all in college, for the 
subscription list will not nearly pay the 
printer's bills, and the size and worth of the 
papers must depend to a great extent on the 
liberality of the advertisers. Now it would 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



105 



seem as though all in college who have any 
interest in the welfare of its papers, can and 
should aid them by patronizing its patrons, 
and we hope tliat when the case, as it is, is 
understood, that there will be no difBculty in 
procuring advertisements in the future. 



Among the subjects that should be care- 
fully considered by the Seniors this year in 
their class meeting, should be those of pict- 
ures and Commencement Concert. Hereto- 
fore a committee for each has been elected in 
the usual manner, and then left to work their 
own sweet will, but this year a change should 
be made if possible, and the sentiments of the 
class known and expressed upon them. There 
has been much discussion in the different col- 
leges about doing away with the Commence- 
ment Concert, and some excellent plans have 
been submitted as substitutes for it, some of 
which are well worthy the attention of the 
Seniors. These questions should be carefully 
considered before any decisive action is taken 
upon them, and even now it is not too early 
to begin their deliberation. 



It is now quite time for the class elections 
to be held, not only for the sake of settling 
these matters themselves, but also so as not 
to delay the Bugle managers any longer than 
is necessary. The procrastination of these 
matters this fall has seemed to indicate an 
unwillingness on the part of nearly all to 
enter upon the usual bitterness and hard feel- 
ings formerly incidental to these contests, and 
it is to be hoped that these sentiments will be 
continued through the elections. Each class 
needs to put forward its very best men for 
the various class positions, not only for the 
worth of the men themselves but also because 
its honor and well being as a class depend on 
and demand the very best services of all the 
members. Society feeling will, undoubtedl}^ 
rule this year as it has before, but if eacli 
man, society, and clique will yield but a little 



for the general good, it would be much more 
possible to make belter and fairer selections 
and with much the better spirit than is usual. 
It is certainly to be hoped that in these 
friendly struggles that all will try to remember 
that something is owed to the class and col- 
lege, and that society and friends should not 
be allowed to usurp their places. 



OUR SPORTS. 

We do not believe that, as a general thing, 
it is best to make loud talk or write loud 
articles which can, in any way, discourage 
those who participate in our sports, but we 
cannot help taking this opportunity to warn 
the boys that if matters take the course they 
have been tending to since the close of this 
sporting season, we shall not show up in the 
spring with much enthusiasm. 

Some of our best base-ball players and 
boating men have given us to understand that 
they are to take no part in the sports of next 
year, and although we do not believe that any 
one should desert the college or class interest 
on account of personal feelings, yet we must 
admit that they have some good reasons for 
so doing. In general we will say that the 
boys here have backed up the sports very 
well, but during the past season there were 
many hasty and bitter things said about the 
boating and base-ball managers, and those 
participating in matches and races, and some- 
times our base-ball nine has not been assured 
of the necessary funds to pay their expenses 
to and from the places of arranged matches, 
until within a few hours before the departure 
of their trains. 

Besides those who have made unpleasant 
talk about these things, there are those who 
have taken no interest in sporting matters 
whatever. The boys should show more 
anxiety about the success of the college nine 
or tlieir class crew than they do, not that they 
do not talk enough or subsciibe enough, but 



106 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



they do not take the pains to keep posted as 
to the evei'y-day affairs, and men who would 
wish you to judge by their talk that the}'' were 
the most active of backers to the boat crew 
or base-ball nine, only show themselves on the 
river banks or base-ball fields in case of a race 
or match. It is not so pleasant as might be 
imagined for our athletes to practice two 
hours a day at base-ball or rowing, if they 
feel that no one is watching their daily 
improvement. But such as take no sincere 
interest in sporting matters, would do those 
that do, and who are willing to undergo some 
self-saci'ifice to encourage such things, a favor if 
they would bridle their foolish tongues, and not 
drive the best men from their merited positions 
by unpleasant sajnngs. A boating man or 
base-ballist can easily tell who takes pride in a 
good class crew or base-ball nine bj- their 
honest excitement, and if the loudest praise 
comes from a hypocritical tongue, it is all the 
more disgusting to them ; and when censure 
comes from that same source, we blame those 
to whom it is directed, for taking it at all as 
the general sentiment, as we think has some- 
times been done in the past. 

Now the object of this piece is not to 
discourage those who are truly workers, but, 
if possible, to wake up some of the less active 
who we know care something about the name 
of the college in sports, and if they can see 
how things are now tending " will make a 
new brace," and endeavor to give our sport- 
ing men an idea that thej' are interested in 
the success of the sports. To those who are 
intending to withdraw from the sports we 
would say that we hope to see your opinions 
changed before spring, for we trust that in 
calmly considering these things you will not 
allow personal feelings to draw you away from 
your duty to the interest of our sports, and 
you cannot help seeing that by so doing you 
are simply pleasing your enemies and those 
of sporting interests, while displeasing the 
best friends of both. 



We hope that the spring will find our best 
material at work, for we have better material 
for either boating or base-ball, and brighter 
prospects for successful records in both next 
year than ever since we have been in college, 
and if we are only united and energetic we 
can have cause to feel proud of Bowdoin's 
sportsmen a year from this time. It espe- 
cially behooves the Senior class to arouse them- 
selves, for next spring will be our last oppor- 
tunity to show what kind of stock we are 
made of. 



COMMUKICATIOH. 



THE NEW CURRICULUM. 

Editors of Orient : 

The editorial in your last issue concerning 
the complaints that have arisen from the 
adoption of a new and revised curriculum is 
presented most opportunely. 

Although it cannot be hoped that any 
ideas or suggestions made on the part of the 
students will receive any close attention or 
consideration at the hands of that body which 
instructs, watches over, and legislates for us, 
yet it is not unfitting that we, as their pro- 
t^g^s, should express our opinions on their 
mode of instruction and torture, and, to use 
an expression of the street, " let them know 
what we think of it." 

The right to vote without fear and the 
freedom to express our opinions without pro- 
scription are the greatest privileges accorded 
to an American citizen. Our old Puritan 
ancestors left their native land because they 
could not act and speak as their conscience 
prompted them. They came to America, — 
to New England, and in time was raised the 
greatest republic the world ever saw, whose 
very foundation is free men, free speech, and a 
free ballot. Hence we believe it to be within 
the province of the student body to shout 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



107 



their praises for, present their opinions of, and 
utter their complaints upon any measure that 
directly effects them. In fact to offer praise 
when it is due ; to signify condemnation when 
the case demands it. 

The Faculty are continually reiterating 
that they " do not want to be at sword's 
points with the students"; that they "have 
a deep and heartfelt interest " in us ; that " it 
pains them most excruciatingly " to see a stu- 
dent wander from the straight and narrow 
path. They want to exhibit a fatherly regard 
for us, and to originate and consummate any 
plans that will be for our good and happiness. 
The student mass are grateful for this, and 
appreciate the interest which the Faculty 
manifest. But when that legislation is carried 
on which they consider detrimental to their 
welfare, then, with true American patriot- 
ism they demand a hearing. If they are not 
heard, then the pretty reiterations mentioned 
above are paltry, and fall to the ground. 
They are a mask, under cover of which more 
complete and despotic control of the student 
is sought for. 

But to return to the main question. The 
complaint arising from the adoption of the 
new curriculum is universal. Tliere is not a 
sane student in college who commends it 
throughout. On the other hand some of the 
requirements necessary for its fulfillment are 
universally denounced. We refer more par- 
ticularly to the rule compelling recitations to 
be held on Saturday morning. Of this we 
wish to speak. The general arrangement of 
studies is, on the whole, worthy of approval. 
As to what year of the course this treatise, 
that language, or those sciences should be 
allotted, we believe a thorough discussion on 
the part of the Faculty can determine. As 
to whether this study should be pursued to a 
more complete end, or that one dismissed as 
unworthy of so much attention, Ave admit to 
be within their jurisdiction. As to whether 
this should be elective or that compulsory, we 



also consider within their power to decide. 
But we do not think, in order to keep the 
students in town over the Sabbath and pre- 
vent them from returning to their homes, 
they should so revise the curriculum as to 
require recitations on Saturday morning. 

There are but few institutions of learning 
in the land but give one entire day out of the 
week to the students. Moreover, we are not 
desirous that Bowdoin gain notoriety in this 
particular. On the other hand we are op- 
posed to such an acquisition to her fame. 

Look at it in a practical light. What is 
gained by the new order ? One recitation. 
That amount of work done which could be 
performed in five days with but the slightest 
extra effort. For instance : (Pardon details.) 
We learn that the Sophomore class has Greek 
and Mathematics on Saturday. Suppose the 
Mathematical recitation occur on Wednesday 
afternoon. Then there is a Greek exercise 
lost. How much ? One fage. One-fifth of 
a page additional each day ! Will this extra 
woik break down the health of the average 
student ? 

"But," cry the supporters of the new 
arrangement, "rhetorical exercises must occur 
on Wediiesda}'." Quite true ; but is not 
ample time allowed for a recitation before the 
exercise, which, by the way, rarelj'^ begins 
before quarter of 3 ? Again, to mention 
details. There are many students in college, 
who, on account of weakness or disease of the 
eyes, are unable to devote the evening to 
study. How does this new requirement affect 
them ? The week's session closes at half-past 
12, Saturday. The disposal of the rest of the 
afternoon is governed by the caprices of the 
students. But when can the lessons for Mon- 
day be mastered? There is no time available 
except on Saturday afternoon, consequently 
the entire week must be devoted to study. 
The Faculty discourage any idea as to the 
advisability of Avorking on the Sabbath. 

Thus the matter stands. These are the 



108 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



facts ; and were they presented in their true 
light to the students' parents, we have no 
hesitancy in predicting that the new arrange- 
ment, which necessitates this state of affairs, 
would be immediately repudiated and con- 
demned. The motives in the mind of the 
Faculty may be good, but like those of Presi- 
dent Hayes in regard to civil service reform 
and the Southern question, cannot generate 
any advantageous realization. 

Were space given us, we would expatiate 
more fully on the injustice of the requirement 
of Saturdaj' recitations. As it is, enough has 
been said to set the ball in motion. We 
believe it an " unwise and unconstitutional" 
decision on the part of the Faculty, and reit- 
erate our disapproval and condemnation of it. 

N. G. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



" Billy " voted right. 

" Go on with your story." 

Camp-meetings are in order. 

Did he find him at the door? 

" Who can tell what a baby thinks f " 

The " Lady " is the latest authority on Geology. 

The "Judge" has gone into the military busi- 
ness. 

A Freshman wants to know where " Douglass 
Lane " is. 

The latest grind on '81 is two lessons in Psychol- 
ogy the same day. 

Hon. W. P. Frye understands the geography of 
this section of the country. 

The only Democrat on the Faculty deserted his 
party and voted for Garfield. 

A rare bird is to be seen under a glass case in 
No. 6 Maine Hall. Call and see it. 

The class of 77, through Geo. T. Little, has pre- 
sented the library with forty volumes. 



"Two hundred dollars to twenty-five that my 
man draws first blood." 

Wonder if " Chris" had his head shaved in order 
that " Teddy " might not get " in his hair." 

The Freshmen are steadily improving in deport- 
ment, and will soon be worthy of their station. 

President Chamberlain has gone to New York to 
testify iu the General Warreu Court of Inquiry. 

If this column is not particularly brilliant do not 
judge us harshly — we bet New York would go Dem- 
ocratic. 

The editors of the Bugle are hard at work collect- 
ing material for their number. It will be out at the 
end of the term. 

A new man from Bates says he supposes that 
when he has been here longer the Brunswick people 
will invite him out. Eh ! 

The F. A. C. D. Society held an uproarious meet- 
ing Friday night, much to the edification of S. B. 
and B. and its admirers. 

Some facetious youth exercised his fertile inge- 
nuity, last Saturday night, in painting names on some 
of the buildings in large letters. 

They say that the ground where one of our heavy 
Seniors fell while ruuning to prayers the other morn- 
ing, looks like the crator of an extinct volcano. 

Whittier, of the Senior class, having been in- 
spired by the desired Grace, showed his loyalty by 
driving to Yarmouth to vote for Garfield. 

And now the festive yagger with a spittoon cigar 
and a second hand chew breathlessly watches the 
archer as he swiftly sends his arrow to the center of 
the— Delta. 

President (to Senior polling Bible notes in chapel 
which he mistakes for a newspaper) — " You'll read 
no such thing here. This is the house of God." — 
P>-incetoti.ian. 

Twenty-one of the Senior class cast their votes 
for Garfield, four for Hancock. Four Hancock men 
did not vote as they considered Massachusetts safe 
enough — for Garfield. 

A very modest young lady, who was a passenger 
on board a packet ship, it is said, sprang out of her 
berth and jumped overboard on hearing the captain, 
during a storm, order the mate to haul down the 
sheet. — JEx. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



109 



Mr. A. M. Edwards, '80, closed his term of tho 
Topsliam High School on Friday, Oct. 30, and was 
highly complimented by Bro. Teniiey and other dis- 
tinguished visitors present. 

The Freshmen carried out the ancient cnstom of 
peanut drunk, Monday night, as far as scattering 
peanut shells and breaking a jug on the chapel steps 
goes towards putting it through. 

Two Freshmen had the sublime cheek to take a 
jug in broad day light, march across the campus, 
get it filled with cider and return with the same. 
P. S.— It was good cider, though. 

The instructor in his lecture to the Freshmen on 
hygeiue informed them that it is very injurious to 
wear the hat known as the "plug hat." The in- 
structor is correct. It would be injurious, especially 
to the hat. 

President Chamberlain states that the $3500 
estimated by the committee to strengthen the walls 
of Memorial Hall is too small, and that it will cost 
at least $5000, and the money will all be forthcom- 
ing when required. 

If a man's age is counted by the anniversary of 
each birthday, there are two men in the Freshman 
class aged five and six years respectively. They 
were born ou the 29th of February, consequently 
their birthday comes once in four years. 

The following was heard to pass between a 
Senior and Instructor : S.— " Will you please tell me 
what my rank was last week?" Inst.—" I do not 
think I can tell. I do not remember the rank of a 
student unless it is something extraordinary. I do 
not remember yours." Exit Senior. 

The Praying Circle has a room in the north end 
of Maine Hall of which it may well be proud. The 
room is a part of the one formerly used for the 
Athenoean Library, and has been thoroughly over- 
hauled. Newly papered, carpeted, supplied with 
arm chairs, and inside shutters, it is a model of 
neatness and comfort. 

A special meeting of the Maine Historical Society 
has been called to meet at its library room, in the 
chapel, on Tuesday, November 23d, to consider 
whether the society will remove its library, cabinet, 
and collections to Portland, and if so, upon what 
terms, conditions, etc., and to determine whether an 
assistant librarian and cabinet keeper shall be ap- 
pointed. 



Cyrus Woodman, Esq., of Cambridge, who was 
present at the meeting of the Overseers on Tnesday 
last, not long since found stowed away and evi- 
dently forgotten, daguerreotypes of Profs. Packard 
and Smyth, taken 35 or 40 years ago, by the then 
firm of Southworth & Hawes, occupying rooms ou 
Tremont Row, near the entrance to Pemberton 
Square, and Mr. Hawes is in business to-day at the 
same place. Mr. W. procured them and presented 
them to the college. 

The address before the Bowdoin Philosophical 
Club on Friday evening, 30 ult., was by Rev. W. P. 
Fisher, his subject being " Church Architecture." 
He conflued his remarks to the architecture of the 
Western churches, not going over the rich field which 
the early Eastern churches have so fully cultivated, 
and pointed out ou the blackboard the way in 
which the Basilica was changed to fit it for a house 
of public worship, and from that he passed to con- 
sider the Romanesque style of church architecture 
and said little of the Gothic which succeeded it. 

P. W. Chandler, Esq., has presented to the li- 
brary of Bowdoin College, a set of the theological 
works of Emanuel Swedenborg in the original Latin, 
twenty-eight volumes in all, bound in fourteen. The 
first edition is now very scarce but has all been 
translated into English. The Latin edition, now 
presented to the library, was edited by Dr. Tafel, 
Royal Professor of Philosophy, and Librarian of the 
University of Tubingen, in 1857. This edition is 
also scarce, as a large part of it was destroyed by 
the great fire in Boston in 1872. The college library 
has nearly all the translated books and several vol- 
umes of the original Latin edition, which are very 
scarce indeed. 

The following officers have been chosen by the 
Junior and Freshman classes : Junior class — Mar- 
shal, J. W. Crosby ; President, E. T. McCarthy ; 
Vice President, T. C. Lane ; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, I. Stearns ; Orator, G. H. Pierce ; Poet, W. 
0. Plimpton ; Odist, George G. Weeks ; Chaplain, 
C. E. Stinchfleld ; Curator, W. H. Moody ; Commit- 
tee of Arrangements, E. TJ. Curtis, W. W. Cur- 
tis, J. R. Jordan. Freshman class— President, A. 
Pierce ; Vice President, C. C. Torrey ; Secretary 
and Treasurer, H. Dunning; Orator, A. G. Brown; 
Prophet, J. W. Bailey ; Poet, F. L. Prince; Histo- 
rian, H. C. Finney ; Toast Master, S. E. Packard; 
Committee of Arrangements, W. E. Stone, H. E. 
Wright, S. G. Poland; Committee on Odes, W. K. 
Hilton, J. Torrey, A. F. Swcctsei". 



110 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Tuesday evening, a little before 7 o'clock, an 
alarm was given by Mr. Cole, who discovered the 
laboratory on fire. In a short time students and 
Faculty were on the spot, finding the fire to be in 
the part used as a workshop by Prof. Robinson. 
Pails were soon at band, and Profs. Chapman, Rob- 
inson, and Mr. Lee, assisted by the students, poured 
water on the flames, confining them to the work- 
shop, and for the most part extinguishing them. 
The Niagara engine got a stream on and put out 
any lingering sparks. The early discovery of the 
fire, together with the good work done by the water- 
pail brigade, no doubt saved the building. The 
cause of the fire is supposed to be by the breaking 
of a bottle of Greek fire which was in the work- 
shop. Prof. Robinson lost his tools, while the dam- 
age by water and fire is slight and covered by 
insurance. 

The building committee having in charge the 
completion of Memorial Hall, met here on Monday, 
Oct. 25, at 2 P.M., a large majority of the members 
being present. The committee in a body visited the 
building, and it was quite apparent that the walls 
must be strengthened, as preliminary to any work 
on the interior. The question of what that strength- 
ening should consist, and its probable cost, was 
referred to Prof. Vose and Architect Fassett to 
report as soon as convenient. These gentlemen 
have since reported that the probable cost will be 
nearly $:i500. Tbe committee voted to accept the 
plan prepared by Prof. Vose, for tlie completion of 
the lower room, — two large rooms for lectures if you 
please, — near tbe main entrance, and one large room 
in the north end capable of seating 300 persons. 
The upper hall is to be finished in tasteful style, not 
yet decided upon, tbe committee referring all tbe 
plans of the structure as it now stands to the follow- 
ing architects for reports for finishing work : F. H. 
Fassett, N. J. Bradlee, Peabody & Stearues, Carl 
Fehmer, and Mr. Preston. The committee further 
voted to alter tbe original plan of the stair-way and 
to construct a grand staircase, which always proves 
so inviting in all our large halls. 

The Republican town committee on Monday last, 
invited the students to participate in their celebra- 
tion of their grand victory, to take place on Wednes- 
day, the 10th. A meeting was held in the Senior 
recitation room, presided over by Mr. Achorn, '81, 
at which committees were appointed to make all 
necessary arrangements as to the march, and to 
prepare suitable transparencies. Mr. F. L. Johnson, 



'81, was chosen marshal, E. 0. Achorn, '81, G. H. 
Pierce, '82, aids, and a baud was immediately or- 
ganized of all the available musical talent in col- 
lege. At the parade on Wednesday night, the Bow- 
doin Battalion was giveu a place between the visiting 
companies and town companies, and formed a very 
important and noticeable feature of the procession. 
Their band, as all conceded, " took the cake," not 
only from the quality of their music, the number 
and kind of their tunes, at which Phi Chi, as might 
be expected, predominated, their uniform, consist- 
ing of fine civilian's dress for members, with "plug 
bat " and white band, while the drum major in his 
habiliments, surpassed even Solomon in his great- 
est pomp and glory. The uniform of the eighty 
men in the ranks consisted of a wide white 
band on their hats with a big black B in front. It 
was not very gorgeous but quite distinguishable 
from the others. The transparencies were numer- 
ous, and some very good. Among them were : 
" T(e)ar-iff you can the solid North," " K-Neal 
Dow-n Hancock and Weave(r) shroud," " Tbe 
'Medics' Book-er vote for Fusion," and some really 
excellent caricatures. The march was a long one, 
but nearly all persevered to the end, their only in- 
terruptions being the ivitt)/ remarks of the happy 
Democrats looking on. A collation was served at 
Lemont Hall, abundant in quantity and of very 
good quality, and after one got through the crowd 
into tbe hall, he could readily find an abundance for 
his idle hands to do. The visiting companies de- 
parted on their respective trains about 11.30, and 
taken altogether the celebration was one of the 
best that Brunswick has for a long time boasted. 



DELTA KAPPA EPSILON. 

The thirty-fourth annual convention of this fra- 
ternity was held on Wednesday- and Thursday, Oct. 
20 and 21, with the Alpha Chi Chapter of Trinity 
College, Hartford, Conn. 

There were present about one hundred dele- 
gates, representing twenty-four of the fraternity's 
chapters. At tbe first session the following men 
were elected as the permanent officers of the con- 
vention : President, H. W. Rolfe, Amherst ; Vice 
President, C. F. Coffin, Indiana ; Secretaries, W. D. 
Bidwell, Williams; A. B. Linsley, Trinity. The 
preliminary business of this session was followed by 
the more important business of the convention, dur- 
ing which the utmost interest was displayed and the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ill 



greatest euthusiasm manifested. It was voted that 
the next couveution be held with the Tau Chapter 
of Hamilton College, Clinton, N. Y. 

After the business of Wednesday, carriages were 
on hand at the enti ance to the hall, in which the 
delegates had an excellent opportunity to visit all 
of the places of interest in and about the city, and 
the two hours' ride was most thoroughly enjoyed by 
all concerned. After the morning session on Thurs- 
day the pictures of the delegates were taken upon 
the steps of tbe new State Capitol. 

The public exercises were held in the Opera 
House, which was filled with a very enthusiastic 
audience. After the opening song by tbe members 
of the frateruity, prayer was offered by the Rev. 
Mr. Burton, of Hartford The address ef welcome 
was delivered by Rev. Mr. Wright, of Boston, who 
offlciated as presiding officer, introducing as orator 
of the evening the Rev. E. P. Parker, of the Theta 
Chapter, who announced as his subject, " The Min- 
istry of Natural Beauty," which he treated in a 
masterly manner, eliciting frequent applause from 
the audience. The poem by tbe Hou. George A. 
Marden, of Lowell, Mass., was a production worthy 
of great praise ; abounding in wit and humor, it 
kept every one in a continual roar of laughter. 

The benediction having been pronounced, the 
delegates adjourned to the Allyn House, where a 
sumptuous banquet was provided, after which toasts 
and speeches were in order until a late hour, when 
they finally disbanded, every one pronouncing the 
thirty-fourth annual convention of Delta Kappa 
Epsilon as the best ever held. 



THETA DELTA CHI. 

The thirty-fourth annual convention of the Tbeta 
Delta Chi Fraternity was held in New York City, at 
the Sturtevant House, Wednesday and Thursday, 
October 20 and 21, under the supervision of the 
Grand Lodge. 

Every charge was represented and there were 
present one hundred and fifty delegates. Conven- 
tion organized with C. C. Kneisley, of Dayton, 
Ohio, President; Charles Leonard, of Tufts, Secre- 
tary. After organizing the convention proceeded to 
consider the important business before it, which 
occupied four sessions, and the greatest unanimity 
prevailed throughout all its deliberations. The 
time between sessions the delegates spent in viewing 
the places of interest in and around the city. 

A vei-y pleasing feature of the convention was 



the presence of a large number of the older gradu- 
ates, among whom the venerable Dr. Francis E. 
Martindale, of the old Alpha Charge, Union, one of 
the founders of the fraternity, will be especially 
remembered by the undergraduates for his zeal and 
enthusiasm . 

Thursday evening Wm. L. Stone, LL.B., of New 
York City, delivered an oration on "Our Eminent 
Men," wbich excited the deepest interest. 

The biography of the late John Brougham, by 
Franklin Barge of New York, was a touching sketch 
of that eminent actor's social life and character. 

The poet, Rev. Cameron Mann, of Ithica, dis- 
played tbe brilliancy of bis imagination in one of 
his usual polished productions. 

The banquet, after tiie literary exercises, was ex- 
tended to the wee small hours. The decorations of 
the tables and the serving of the menu were charac- 
teristic of the Sturtevant, and the assembled guests 
extended their thanks to the proprietors for their 
courtesy during the convention. 

The next convention is to be held in New York, 
under the auspices of the Xi Charge of Hobart. 



PERSOHAL. 



[We earae.';tly solicit cummunications to this column 
from any who may bave an interest in the Alumni.] 

'09. — John Mussey, Esq., of Portland, was ninety 
years old last week. He graduated in the class of 
1809. He walks erect and attends to business at 
his office daily. He is the best looking gentleman 
of bis age in the State. 

'39.— Hon. John C. Talbot was re-elected to the 
Maine House of Representatives from East Machias. 

'48. — Rev. E.B.Webb has celebrated tbe twentieth 
anniversary of his settlement over the Shawmut 
Congregational Church, Boston. 

'48. — Hon. W. W. Rice has been re-elected to 
Congress from the Ninth Massachusetts District, for 
his third term, by over 4,000 majority. 

'.50. — Charles E. Butler is a cotton merchant and 
resides at Fulton, Tenn. 

'50. — Hon. William P. Frye was re-elected to 
Congress from the Second Maine District, for his 
sixth term. 

'54. — Hou. William D. Washburn has been re- 
elected to Congress, iu the Third Minnesota Dis- 
trict, for his second term, by 8,000 majority. 

'60. — Hon. I^homas B. Reed was re-elected to 



112 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Congress from the First Maine District, for bis tliird 
term. 

'61.— Hon. L. A. Emery was elected to the Maine 
Senate from Hancock County. 

'66.— Hon J. A. Locke was re-elected to the 
Maine Senate from Cumberland County, for bis 
second term. 

'74. — A. G. Bradstreet was re-elected to the 
Maine House of Representatives from Bridgton, for 
his second term. 

'78.— W. W. French has given up engineering 
and commenced a three years' course in medicine, at 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, 23d Street and 
4tb Avenue, New York City. 

'78.— J. T. Davidson has been elected Prosecut- 
ing Attorney of Tippecanoe County, lud. 

'80. — A. H. Harding is at present studying law at 
Bangor, and will soon begin teaching at Hampden. 

'81. — Harding is teaching in Steuben, Me. 

'81.— Mason is teaching in Upper Bartlett, N. H. 

'81.— Nichols is teaching in Stetson, Me. 

'83. — Winter is teaching in Bethel, Me. 

'83. — Cole is teaching in Bridgton, Me. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



The Trinity Tablet publishes a list of the Fresh- 
man class. Only twenty-eight is rather a small 
number. 

At Columbia, only 20 men out of 100 applications 
for admission to the Freshman class, got in without 
conditions. 

It is stated that England has four universities ; 
France, fifteen; Germany, twenty-two; and Ohio, 
thirty-seven ! 

Harvard turned out 700 men for the Republican 
torch-light procession in Boston the Monday before 
election, and as usual attracted the most attention. 

The Cornell crow won the one and a half mile 
boat race at Lake George, July 16th. The time 
was, Cornell, 9.12; University of Pennsylvania, 
second, 9.20 i ; Columbia, last, 9.27 J. 

Robert L. Stuart has presented Princeton Col- 
lege and Seminary with $100,000 each. The money 
will be used by the college for the purpose of com- 
pleting the endowment of some professorships and 
founding others. 



The University of Louisiana has dismissed all its 
professors and will be entirely reorganized. 

The Faculty of Tale College, at its meeting 
Thursday, voted that, from this date, the two Fresh- 
man secret societies. Delta Kappa and Kappa Sigma 
Epsilon, should be abolished. The organizations 
thus destroyed are chaptered fraternities, having 
branches at Bowdoin and other colleges. They have 
e.xistod at Tale, the one since 1845 and the other 
since 1840. 

Tale's fall regatta took place October 7th. '81 
beat '83, making one and one-half miles in 13.22, 
'83 being 36 seconds behind ; '84 academic rowed 
with '84 scientific and won ; time for one mile, 6 
min. 20 sec. ; scientifics, 6 min. 39 sec. In the Dun- 
ham club race, Capt. Shipley's crew came out first ; 
time for one mile, 6.20. The single scull race be- 
tween Bishop and Vernon did not come oS', as 
Bishop tipped over. Vernon was unwilling to post- 
pone, and made the course in between 17 and 18 
minutes. 

The Record wishes to take up and re-echo the 
cry to send our crew to England. Tale never had 
a better opportunity ; Yale never had a better crew. 
As champions in this country our crew can well 
challenge 0.xford, the champions of England. Co- 
lumbia met with success ! Cornell is about to try 
it ! Harvard has tried it and failed only through 
lack of co-operatiou from the other side ! And now 
when Tale has the best " eight " that ever pulled a 
college oar, let her not be weighed it the balance 
and found wanting! — Yale Record. 



CLIPPIKGS. 



A Junior says he's a Greenbacker. He some- 
times backs the Freshmen. 

Why is Gillott a dishonest man ? Because he 
makes people steel pens and says they do write. — 
Targum. 

Prof, (in Biology) — " How is a cat's tongue 
formed?" Student — "So as to make night hide- 
ous." — Amherst Student. 

" build no palaces for me, 
For bappy may the bumble be." 
Right. Don't forget it. The humble bee not 
only may be happy, but always is if he can sting you 
on the back part of the hand and make it swell 
until it looks like a quart of hca.na.—Ex. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



113 



Why is a bee-hive lilie a rotten potato ? Because 
a bee-hive is a bee-holder ; and a beholder is a spec- 
tator; and a specked 'tater is a rotten potato. 
Catch on ? — Brunonian. 

A student of French translates the passage, "et 
les postillions marchaient des deux cotes, de I'atte- 
lago," " and the postillions were walking on two 
ribs of the horses." — Chronicle. 

It is high time to rise up against the tyranny of 
the so-called "weaker sex." Co-education is the 
order of the day. It is a poor rule that won't work 
both ways, and Vassar must admit boys. 

" One tonch of nature," etc. Street Preacher — 
" I now ask, brethren, what can I do to move you — 
what shall I do to move you iu this world of wick- 
edness?" 'Arry — "Send round the 'at gov'nor — 
that'll move 'em." 

Professor of Latin—" Mr. S., I see you are a 
trifle rusty in the rudiments, will you decline Mu- 
lierf" Mr. S.— " Mulier, Mu— . Professor, I 
should like to know what sort of a looking woman 
this is before I decline her." 

■Junior (translating from the French) — "The 
child of the baker is sick." Tutor — "No, no, not the 
child of the baker, the child of the bakeress." 
Junior — "Well, ain't the child of the bakeress the 
child of the baker ? " Tutor — " No, no, not in 
French; not in French." 

The Prof, asks : " What are the principal fea- 
tures of the two ends of an animal ? " A Senior 
says : " A fore and aft structure." " But what is 
the aft structure ? " He simply blushes. " What 
is on the fore part? " "A head." "What is on 
the aft part ? " He blushes aud gives it up. Thus 
the tale was only half told. 

It seems that a device had been adopted in Liv- 
erpool, by which each voter at the election was to 
hand his ballot to a man at the door where his party 
was represented. A costermonger arrived with his 
donkey gaily decorated with the colors of the lib- 
eral candidate, but he handed his ballot in at the 
conservative door. The representative of the op- 
posite party smilingly stepped forward to show the 
mistake, but the costermonger insisted that all was 
right as he intended to vote for the conservative 
candidate. "But," said the liberal, "your animal 
is decorated with our colors." "That's all right," 
replied the costermonger, " he's an ass. I'm a 
conservative." 



A little peach in the orchard grew, 
A little peach of emerald hue. 

— Kansas Ciiy Times. 

A little boy he climbed the fence, 

And took that peach from hence to thence. 

— Detroit Free Press. 

A little colic found him there, 

And then he climbed the golden stair. 

— mini. 
His weeping playmates could not tell 
Whether he went to heayen or — not. 

— Madisonensis. 

He found a good warm place there, though 
Too tropical to peaches grow. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The first number of the first volume of a new 
paper comes to us from the College of the City of 
New York. It is called the Free Press, aud is 
" published by the editors aud edited by the pub- 
lishers." A mutual bearing of one another's bur- 
dens ; who foots the bills ? 

We believe that without exception every ex- 
change has headed its local columns with " Sub- 
scribe for the " Good advice. 

The College Argus opens its fourteenth volume 
with a very good specimen of college journalism. 
A new feature is its club arrangment with various 
weeklies aud magazines. 

The Rambler advocates forming the Editorial 
Board from all four classes, so that when the Seniors 
retire there may be at least two or three who know 
the ropes. This plan might work, if the three who 
were left did not grow to feel themselves competent 
to "run" the paper without assistance or advice 
from others. We think our plan of requiring that 
those who wish to be editors shall furnish communi- 
cations will have a good effect in obviating, to some 
degree, at least, the "greenness" of a new Board 
when it takes charge of the pen and scissors. 

In the Courant a writer indulges in a rhapsody 
over " A Modern Lorelei" which (or whom) he saw 
or dreamed he saw. " I dare not," he says, " at- 
tempt to describe the face I saw — the cheeks so 
nicely rounded and as delicately tinted as the rarest 
shells that eastern oceans bury in their glittering 
sands; the ears so fragile that it seems as if a move- 
ment must detach them (please not touch) ; the 



114 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



nose, the mouth so small and in such perfect propor- 
tion ; the dimples, Cupid's kisses ; the slender neck 
melting away into the most bewitching curves and 
lines of beauty," (yum, yum, yum) " but I will try 
and tell you how I met her." He goes on to tell 
how and then how most disobligingly she vanished. 

"Wehmuth," in Universiti/ Magazine, is very 
well written as a whole. It, however, seems to us 
we should prefer some other expression than 

" Tlionght, 
Bright as sunbeams, shimmeriii}; upon 
The (7?oZ;ose (lewdrop on the leaflet caught," etc., 
although that is, we suppose, a scientifically correct 
epithet. The begiuning, however, is better — 
"As in the first sweet moments of repose, 
"When sleep spreads o'er the form a deepeuing shade 
Of restfnluess, and gradually close 
The eyes, and all things foreign seem to fade, 
So, o'er the s(m], in witching twilight, steals 
A mood so sad, so grateful, so diverse 
And various in the thoughts that it i-eveals 
lu shadowy fancy's thrall immerse. 
That it wonld seem that some diviner breath 
Fresh from the threshold of a Paradise 
Had come, reclaiming e'en that heart from death 
"Whose strings are tnned to sorrow's own device. 
So half subdued and lost in dreamy thought, 
The earth forgot its trials and annoy 
In wistful longing; all life's cares as naught." 

"We are sorry that an Archangel should not know 
how to spell, or with his far-seeing eye should fail 
to take Bowdoin into his landscape. At all events 
he addresses us as Baldwin Orient, Badwin College. 
This is about equal to the address we saw the other 
day upon a small bos in which some specimen or 
subject for analysis had come to " The Proflfessor of 
Boden College." 

The Columbia Spectator continues to publish car- 
toons as before. The last number contained one 
entitled "True Civil Service Reform." On one side 
are ranged the tents of a host with banners flying 
above with such inscriptions as these : " Reform the 
Civil Service," " Tweedled," " "Watch and Prey." 
These form the support to a fortress which has for 
a motto around its turrets, " To the Victors Belong 
the Spoils." From the ramparts of Columbia Col- 
lege, apparently, a " columbiad," composed of such 
metal as Philosophy, Political Economy, Law, 
Constitutional Law, History, etc., is just about to be 
fired, to send destruction hurtling through the ene- 
mies' ranks. The carriage of the gun is built of 
the solid timbers of a " Post-graduate Course, three 
years," and " School of Political Science," the latter 
branch of instruction having been lately established 
there, much to their satisfactiou. The Sjjectator 
also appears with illustrated head pieces to the col- 
umns "About College," "College "World," "Our 
Exchanges," etc. 

The Beacon says: "The propriety of changing 
the present plan of Commencement is being agitated 

among members of the Senior class If a 

Commencement is desirable, why not have some 
speaker deliver an address to the class, or some 
words of advice to the graduates ? "Would not this, 



with the presentation of diplomas, and perliaps a 
few words from the president, make an agreeable 
substitute for the present system ? " According to 
the Beacoji's " ex." man, "the majority of college 
journals show no raison d'etre. They are in general 
insipid sheets, straining terribly after something 
humorous, which they easily attain," etc. Isn't that 
a little sweeping, Bro. Beacon f 

The November number of Scribner contains a 
short but appreciative article by Hon. Richard H. 
Dana on the late President "Woods, and it is well 
worth the perusal of all Bowdoin alumni and stu- 
dents. President Woods, during his long term of 
service here (from 1839-55), deserves quite as much 
credit as any one man for the great advancement 
which Bowdoin made, and for the position it held 
during that period of its history ; and this critical 
but loving study of the character, abilities, and aspir- 
ations of the leader in this advancement, can but 
be interesting and instructive to us all. His opin- 
ions on all topics seem to have been peculiar to him- 
self, positive but conservative, and not in the least 
dependent either upon his friends or position, or 
upon the events in the more active world around 
him. His political sentiments were strongly Demo- 
cratic ; he advocated negro slavery as a thing good 
in itself, and not as a necessity to be submitted to, 
and he warmly defended Calhoun's theories as to 
the Constitution. His theological opinions were 
quite as peculiar and pronounced ; he departed from 
the course his predecessors had pursued in respect 
to the Congregational clergy, declined to mingle in 
their ecclesiastical councils and their ministerial 
associations, did not preach their ordination ser- 
mons, seldom appeared in their pulpits, and strongly 
opposed some of their peculiar principles. These 
political and ecclesiastical positions in this strongly 
Congregational and abolition State, and in a college 
which had contributed hundreds of able and influ- 
ential men to the Congregational clergy, and had 
sent faculty, alumni, and students to do noble and 
distinguished service in the Union army, doubtless 
led to his resignation of the presidency, or at least 
influenced it to a considerable degree. The article 
of Mr. Dana will show how and why it is possible 
for a man learned, pious as President "Woods un- 
doubtedly was, and in no way biased by self interest, 
but quite otherwise, to entertain such, and the radi- 
cal positions that he did, and from this alone it is 
well worth the reading. President "V^^oods will ever 
be remembered by those who were under his instruc- 
tion with affection and veneration, and such contri- 
butions as this and "the masterly and captivating 
discourse of Professor Park," will be always grate- 
fully received and appreciated by the friends of 
Bowdoin. 

The World, published every day in the year, 
is sent by mail, postpaid, at .$12 a year, $3 for 
three months, or $1 a month. The Monday issue, 
whose second page is devoted to the Book Reviews 
and College Chronicle, is sent separately at $1.50, 
or 50 cents for four months. All subscriptions 
should be addressed to " The World, 35 Park Row, 
New York." 




twitia 




Vol. X. 



BRUiSTSWICK. MAINE, NOVEMBER 24, 1880. 



No. 10. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PCTBLlSHEl) EVERY ALTERNATE WEUNE.SDAY, DdRINt 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OK 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Prederiok C. Stevens, Maaagiug Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

.John W. Manson. 

Terms — S2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

GOiSTTENTS. 
Vol. X., So. 10.— I^'OVEMBER 24, 1880. 

Editorial ISTotes 11.5 

Literary -. 

Bowdoin Stories. — 1 118 

Wliat I Saw ill a College Room ]20 

Mcnioiial Hall 12 1 

Communications 122 

College Items ." 123 

Personal 124 

College World 125 

Clippings , 125 

Editors' Table 126 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



It is now quite time for the Bugle managers 
to solicit their subscriptions, and we trust 
that this year they will meet witli the liberal 
response throughout the college that they 
deserve. The expense of the publication of 
the Bugle is now a very heavy one, owing to 
the size of the volume, the number of cuts, 
and the uniform excellence of both cuts and 
pruit, and the sale of the whole edition is 
required to pay these necessary bills. Besides 
this, the labor of preparing the Bugle lias been 
too often great and thankless, and when this 



is accompanied by a loss of perhaps fifteen 
dollars per man, it cannot be wondered that 
the best men are often unwilling to lend any 
aid in its preparation. This pecuniary loss to 
the editors cannot be allowed to continue for 
another year. The quality of the Bugle will 
inevitabty deteriorate in consequence of it, even 
if it does not suspend publication altogether, 
and this last step would be a disgrace which 
would not be easily removed from all connected 
with its class and the college. It is bad 
enough for a class to permit its editors to be 
so much behind as did '81 its editors of last 
year, but with this as an example, and with 
the sufficient words of warning that have been 
given, we trust that it will be the last and only 
class with this disgraceful record. All in col- 
lege should feel that this is a matter that directly 
concerns themselves, and should take every 
Bugle that can be afforded to sustain the 
interest and excellence in this, our annual 
college publication. 



In accordance with our so often expressed 
requests, some of our friends have favored us 
with communications on topics of college 
interest, but among them there has been a 
noticeable lack of Juniors. They have been 
sufficiently reminded before both of what their 
duty and what our intentions are, and if they 
make no exertions or efforts to write, they can 
surel}' have no reason to complain at any 
action the Obient may hereafter take in this 
matter. No one has ever doubted but that 
there is literary ability enough in the class, 
and no one has ever suspected before that 
modesty has been detrimental to their inter- 
ests, but there must be some such good reason 
for their continued and studied negligence, 



116 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



or, of coiirse, it could not exist. But it is 
quite time the traditionary bushel should 
be lifted from the various iiterar}' luminaries 
of the class, if they expect to shine in the 
Orient ; for our year is now over half gone, 
and the few weeks that yet remain of this 
term will be well filled with the usual re- 
views and examinations, and will hardly per- 
mit of much continued effort on the part of 
our perhaps would-be contributors. But it 
may be that somewhat colder weather is 
needed to nourish and develop the nascent 
intellects of these editors of the future ; if so, 
then of course we can well afford to wait 
until the winter term, when we may hope to 
see our table crowded with the frosty but pert 
effusions of the ambitious, aspiring, and indus- 
trious youth below us ; and may confidently^ 
look forward with bright anticipation to the 
future of the Orient, from the energy, inter- 
est, and intellect as manifested in the numer- 
ous contributions that we have received from 
them during the past two terms. 



Perhaps it is only natural for a college 
man to think he is overworked, and to growl 
loudly and strongly in consequence of it; at 
any rate the Seniors are now laboring under 
that impression. To be sure, many of our 
studies are at present pursued by means of 
lectures, and these may receive and require 
somewhat less time than a text-book would, 
but to receive the benefit that one should, the 
same or even more time may be profitably 
employed. Under the old curriculum former 
Seniors used to get along very comfortably, 
not much hard work and considerable easy 
play ; but with the advent of the new curricu- 
lum has come increased work for all classes, 
and particularly for the Seniors. Just now 
they are having six hours per week in Chem- 
istry, five in Political Economy, four each in 
Geology and Psychology, increased on exami- 
nation week to six for Psychology, one hour 
per week either in Rhetoricals or Parliament- 



ary Law, and excluding Sundays when of 
course we do not study, six attendances 
at Prayers and four at Gymnasium. Be- 
sides this, there is the labor of preparing 
themes for the Professor in Rhetoric, theses 
for the Professor in Psj'chology, and essays on 
pertinent subjects for the President in Po- 
litical Economy. How much genuine thought, 
labor, and research that will be put upon any 
or all of these can be readily conceived. 
These hours do not include any of those de- 
voted to outside college work, which every 
Senior in particular must have, business such 
as is connected with his society, the various 
college organizations and institutions, and last, 
but by no means least, the few liours that we 
poor wights are compelled to emplo}- upon the 
Orient. We do not present this with a view 
to complaining, but just to show the Faculty 
that we are of necessity busy while here, and 
that they cannot very reasonably increase our 
labors, and perhaps — but let us whisper it — 
let up a little on the work we now have. 
Such recreations as loafing, reading, except 
l^erhaps a few newspapers,. visiting, and po- 
liticing so common in days of 3'ore, are quite 
past for the unliappy Seniors now ; and in 
much of his spare time, on liis way to recita- 
tions, he casts mayhap a sigh for the ease of 
former days, or, what is better, for the future, 
when for him the " Grind " shall be no 



There are certain customs in existence 
here, or it should be said have been in ex- 
istence here, that are more or less intimately 
connected with the Old Bowdoin hazing, 
which, it would seem, would be more properly 
honored in the breach than the observance. 
All reasonable men in college must now con- 
cede that the old hazing spirit has quite de- 
parted from Bowdoin, and is not again likely 
to be resurrected. Whatever opinions there 
may be among the students as to the expedi- 
ency and justice of the means taken to secure 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



117 



this end, yet now that it is nearly accom- 
plislied in fact should be remembered and 
respected, and those with the true sense of the 
fitness of things will yield as cheerfully as 
they can to the mandate of the higher pow- 
ers tliat be. And the first thing should be 
the abandonment of those customs to Avhich 
we have referred, for all attempts to resur- 
rect them or prolong their natural existence 
here do not show real manliness and cournge, 
or true class and. college loyalty but ratlier 
how mucii those who practice them are be- 
hind the s}iirit of the time. 

Such customs as the Freshman Peanut 
Drunk and the like, and all consequent Soph- 
omoric interference witli them must be re- 
garded as of this class. Not that such customs 
contain anytliing jiarticularly evil in tliem- 
selves, but the attending reasons and conse- 
quences, the very liistor}- of the custom and 
its present usefulness and desirability should 
all furnish grounds for its abandonment at 
this late day. But among these neither can 
nor should be classed the respect for all 
proper and legitimate class distinctions. To 
be sure this spirit is only too apt to be 
carried to an extreme by the overzealous 
upperclassman, as well as by the " cheeky " 
Freshman, under the old as well as new order 
of things, and it would seem as though in the 
one it was no more commendable than in the 
other. But there is a golden mean of respect 
of Freshmen for upperelassmen and vice versa, 
and it is clearly the duty of the upperelass- 
men to set the right example, as having the 
necessary discretion, experience, and knowl- 
edge of what this right should be. 

Now that hazing is practically defunct, its 
former spirit and customs slowly passing away, 
and a new order of things established, does 
it not seem reasonable that it should leceive 
the best wishes and endeavors of all classes ? 
In all fairness a trial should be given, and all, 
with any true loyalty to their college or respect 
for themselves, will use their best efforts for 



this, that the college may be much the more 
prosperous and effective for good. 



There is considerable stir in many col- 
leges, that have not yet taken this action, over 
the abolishment of compulsory attendance 
at prayers, in some for Sundays and others 
for the week days, but as yet this agitation 
has not reached us. It has not probably en- 
tered the heads of the Faculty to make any 
such great innovation at present, and it has 
certainly not entered the heads of the stu- 
dents to ask for it. Some time, and it may 
be soon, a movement to secure this end will 
be started, but it would require a considerable 
period for it to gain much foice or influence. 
Bowdoin is by tradition a ver}' conservative, 
institution — but it must not be understood by 
this as hanging back or behind the times — and 
all such, customs as these, endeared to the 
older Alumni and Faculty b}' the associa- 
tions of their many and faithful years, and by 
the recollection of the noble and revered men 
who have so long ministered in them, will re- 
main justso long as these men retain their pres- 
ent influence and control. All the arguments 
that would be put forward by those favoring 
this change would be very likely to fall upon 
unwilling ears, and whatever benefits or ad- 
vantages that could be presented would hardly 
receive the attention that they deserve. So 
perhaps the wisest thing for us to do would be 
to keep quiet, and with all the possible con- 
tentment hear of the privileges of others. 
Now that we are so well accustomed to the 
morning service, perhaps it will not make so 
much difference to us, and perhaps under 
these circumstances contentedness would be 
much more seemly than pining after the for- 
bidden fruit of freedom from prayers. 



It is certainly to be hoped that Prof. Ladd 
will not misapprehend the significance of the 
demonstrations of which he has sometimes 
taken notice in the class-room, and it is also 



118 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



to be hoped that those demonstrations will 
not degenerate with us into mere rudeness 
and vulgaritj^ We think that we will be 
warmly supported by the entire sentiment 
of the Seniors, when we afSrm that Prof. 
Laddis one of the most jjopular and respected 
of the professors under wiiom they have had 
the pleasure of sitting, and all will testify to 
his uniform courtesy, kindness, and forbear- 
ance to themselves, to his ability as a scholar, 
and his interest and ability as an instructor. 
Of his branch, Psychologj'', we have nothing 
to say; there does not seem to be much 
agreement in the class as to its " merits as a 
science " or its popularity ; and there is a 
large and noisy minority at least who do not 
entertain the same feelings for the study as 
they do for its teacher. In whatever demon- 
strations that may occur in the future, we 
trust that Prof. Ladd will recognize in them 
the regard that is held by the few for the 
study and not at all that for himself. 



BOWDOIN STORIES.— I. 

BT AELO BATES. 

The room was what Percj^who was accus- 
tomed to jeer at his friend's fondness for 
luxury, called "a Kensington-stich bower." 
Philip Vaughn had innumerable lady friends, 
whose lives, judging from their fruits, must 
be devoted chief!}' to embroidering tidies, 
tobacco-pouches, hangings, and rugs for the 
adornment of the bachelor's bower; until 
floor and wall bloomed out in wildly arranged 
cat-o '-nine-tails, pre-Raphaelite sun -flowers, 
and innumerable other testhetic devices, con- 
structed upon the conventional plan of mak- 
ing them as impossible as was within the limits 
of female ingenuity to compass. 

To-night Percy and Phil were seated in 
those strikingly sprawly attitudes dear to the 
masculine soul, puffing at fragrant pipes, and 
staring at the open fire, whose glow brought 



out with great effect the glories of the Kensing- 
ton-stich tokens. The talk somehow turned 
upon old times at Bowdoin, drifting on into 
anecdote and reminiscence, as such chats are 
very apt to do. 

" You remember," Percy asked, " the 
time Prof. W. took the Senior class over into 
the Topsham woods botanizing, and the boys 
hired a hand-organ man to follow? He 
struck up 3Iidligan Guards just as the Pro- 
fessor had begun a learned discussion on a 
rare something or other." 

" How the Prof, laughed," retorted Phil. 
"But I think the funniest time was the 
cuspidors. You were out then, weren't you ? 
Prof. C. got vexed at some of the boys' spit- 
ting, and remarked that if it was necessary 
for them to expectorate, he desired that they 
would bring cuspidors with them ; and I'll be 
hanged if every man-jack didn't get a spittoon 
and carry it into recitation next morning ! 
The way Ave banged them about those tiered 
seats in Adams Hall was a caution to peaceful 
citizens ! " 

" What jolly old days those were," Percy 
sighed regretfully. " Do you remember how 
often Seuex used to say, 'I'm having the best 
time of my life, but I shall never have to regret 
that I didn't know it as I went along.' That 
was a bit of philosophy I always admired." 

" What a separate world a college is," Phil 
said. " It wouldn't seem to me very funny 
anywhere else to hang an old circular saw out 
of my window and pound it with a junk bot- 
tle, but as part of my college life, I laugh 
whenever I think of it. There is a different 
way of looking at everything inside the col- 
lege campus, and I alway have a secret sym- 
pathy for student tricks, no matter how much 
it is proper to disapprove of them fiom an 
outside standpoint. You were not with us 
the night we stole that tremendously long sign 
from the junk shop on Main Street, were you ? 
George and Fred and I took it down, and 
just as we got fairly started toward the col- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



119 



leges, one of Brunswick's two policemen 
turned up. George ran one way with the 
peeler aftei' him, and Fred and I put up the 
street Avith that confounded sign. We stowed 
it under the Church on the Hill ; and just got 
into Fred's room when in came George as 
solemn as an owl, and said he'd been caught, 
and there was nothing for it but to tug the 
board back. It took us half the night to fish 
it out of the cellar and get it up." 

"Dr. C. told me a story the other day," 
Percy observed, trimming his pipe, " that 
pleased me a good deal. Dr. C. roomed on 
the southwest corner of Maine Hall, and had 
a very sunny place. Gray, who was just 
across the entry, came in one day with a lot 
of pears not quite ripe, and asked to leave 
them in C.'s windows to ripen. A few morn- 
ings after, Professor Packard called on C. to 
ask something about a library book. After 
he had done his errand the old gentleman 
walked up to the window, and began to ex- 
amine the fruit. ' Very fine pears,' he said, 
' it is a variety rare about here too.' ' They 
look first rate,' Doc. answered, ' though I've 
not tasted them yet.' ' You'll find them very 
good, I assure you,' Father Packard observed 
blandly, as he moved toward the door. ' Very 
good indeed. I took great pains with that 
graft ! Good day.' And poor C. never had 
a chance to explain that he wasn't the man 
who purloined them ! " 

" Pretty good ! " laughed Phil. " It 
wouldn't have made any difference, though, 
if he had denied complicity, I suppose. Cir- 
cumstantial evidence is too much for most any 
of us. There is a fine story of Prex. Woods, 
that a clergyman in Maine told me. You 
know the President's sympathies were notori- 
ously with the South in the war, and the boys 
were not slow to comment on it. One morn- 
ing when Prex. came in to prayers he was 
astonished — or at least I fanc}' he must have 
been — to find every man-jack of the fellows in 
his place, and all as quiet as stoue griffins. 



He took his chair as usual, and he must have 
felt a cold chill run down his back from the 
way in which everybodj^ looked at him." 

"He'd feel tliat," interrupted Percy, "from 
the chapel. It is always colder than the 
tombs." 

" He was no sooner seated," resumed the 
other, " than his eye caught a great sign 
stretched across the front of the organ-loft on 
the opposite end of the chapel, Avith the words 
' Pbay fok the countey,' in letters a yard 
high. He read the Scriptures as usual, and 
than started in on the prayer amid an awful 
stillness such as never was experienced at col- 
lege prayers before or since. He got along to 
the phrases with which he was accustomed to 
close, and not a word about the country. Then 
there was a sort of dull murmur among the 
boys. Nobody made any noise in particular, 
you know, but there was a kind of stir. The 
President didn't dare liold out any longer, for 
the pressure of that body of boys with all the 
moral sentiment of the country behind them, 
was too tremendous for even his will ; he gave 
in and prayed for the couutrj^ with the utmost 
fervor ! " 

" He must have been sincere ! " Percy 
commented. " There's a Bowdoin hazing 
story which always pleased me immensely. 
One clay a knot of fellows in the room of X., 
a gallant Sophomore, were discussing hazing. 
' I tell you,' X. said, with emphasis, ' the 
Freshies like the fun as well as we do. It's 
part of college life. Why, I'd be ducked 
myself for ten cents ! ' ' Here's your ten 
cents,' returned E., a brawny Junior — you 
must have seen him, Phil, he was in '67 — he 
was famous for his will and his muscle. ' Now 
I propose to duck you ! ' Remonstrance was 
vain, and as E. was big enough to annihilate 
X. had he chosen, there was nothing for the 
unhappy Sopliomore but to submit, obtaining 
only the privilege of being allowed to don old 
clothes. Thus equipped, X. took his seat out- 
side his room door, surrounded by a circle of 



120 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



grinning friends, and E. procured a pail of 
water. Do you know, instead of making one 
grand dash of the ducking, and letting X. off 
with that, that merciless E., who had certain 
old scores to settle, proceeded to dribble tlie 
cold water over his victim by the dipperful. 
Now he would playfully trickle a small stream 
down the sufferer's back, then dash a pint full 
in his face ; again a little cascade would pour 
upon the Sophomore's head, or an icy stream- 
let meander down his manly bosom. E. piti- 
lessly held X. to his agreement, and, as he 
threw the last drop of water into bis eyes, 
poor X., drenched and redrenched, sprang 
away with a string of oaths so hot they might 
have dried him ; but it was never noticed that 
he Avas anxious to discuss hazing again. By 
George ! I'd have liked to seen the perform- 
ance." 

WHAT I SAW IN A COLLEGE ROOM. 
I had often been in the same room before 
but never, perhaps, when I felt in a mood so 
critical and observing as this time. I even 
felt the spirit coming on before I entered 
the room. As I surveyed the outer hall not 
a thing escaped my searching eye. As I 
came down the stairs I saw a lew fragments 
of old furniture hustled together at one end 
of the hall, with no apparent object other 
than to get them out of the waj- in some one's 
room and leave a chance for the owner to pass 
in and out of his own door, — his friend on the 
other side was obliged to look out for his own 
passage. I even examined the furniture and 
turned away in pity foi- some imagined mem- 
ber of '85. At the other end of the hall was 
an empty end-lamp which I am told was 
lighted only when its tender was out for the 
evening, at his favorite church sociable. I 
could gather good circumstantial evideiice 
that it had been there some time, from its 
appearance ; its emptiness would add nothing 
to my proof, for the boys had come to a sort 
of tacit understanding that it was better to 



"bum '' oil than to afford so extravagant a lux- 
ury as a well-lighted hall. Under the lamp 
was a coal-hod well filled with ashes, and 
frescoed in an apparently careless, though 
artistic manner, with tobacco juice. The walls 
were also frescoed with names and society 
initials of the college, dotted here and. there 
with the marks of rotten apples, and the laths 
were visible in more than one place. 

I now entered the room without knocking. 
I sometimes rapped after I got in, but never 
before. I found one man stretched out on 
the sofa, and from the phenomena, such as 
spittle and cigar ashes upon the carpet near 
him, guessed he had been indulging in the 
luxury of an afternoon smoke while in a re- 
clining position, according to an ancient cus- 
tom of the Orients. He was a great admirer 
and imitator of this favorite position of the 
Eastern races. Strange to say, in an adjacent 
corner, in that upright, tiresome position 
recommended for Ijard study, sat his chum 
intensely interested in a book which lay open 
before him. My curiosity luoved me to look 
over his shoulder that I might satisfy myself, 
by reading the title, that nothing serious had 
brought about this unnatural appearance of 
study. The book was " Hoyle's American 
Games," — you can easily surmise what chap- 
ter he was particularly interested in. Another 
caller, somewhat earlier than myself, had 
drawn the big chair up in front of the stove, 
and his shoes, as they supported it, seemed to 
cut off any excessive supply of heat from 
reaching him, and the smoke issuing from a 
large briar-wood pipe completely enveloped 
his face, but I knew him from the aforesaid 
feet. 

The walls were adorned, for the most part, 
with appropriate pictures, although a motto 
over one door, reading " Blessed are the pure 
in heart," seemed to claim its date as reaching 
far back into Freshman year. The next period 
chronologically, the Sophomoiic, was clearly 
marked by the arrangement of tin-horns over 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



121 



the mantel and a group of canes held by a 
cord in their place against the wall. Junior 
ease was characterized by a careless arrange- 
ment of knives, pipes, and tobacco scattered 
promiscuously over the room, and the only 
thing that reminded one of Senior dignity 
was a Psychology carefully laid away in its 
proper place — the book-case. • A pack of well 
worn cards adorned the center-table, and a 
dusty testament was placed behind one leg of 
the sofa to save the wall paper. 

Generally scattered around the room were 
hats, coals, novels, papers, etc. Peeping into 
the bed-room, the unmade beds told me that 
my friends had slept over tliis morning. Here, 
too, confusion held supieme swa3\ I cannot 
connect the visibilla there in any regular 
order, as they were thrown upon bed, chairs, 
trunks, etc., but I will tiy and enumerate 
them as they first sliowed tiiemselves to me : 
dirty clothes, shaving materials (such as razors, 
mugs, and paper covered witii hither), broken 
chairs, towels, sponges, dishes in which to 
heat water, a countless number of glasses, 
some whole, some broken, all dirty, and in the 
bottom of some I thought I espied small 
deposits of aromatic Ci2H220n. I dare go 
no farther with my enumeration in this room, 
but turn to the clothes-press ; the heap of 
wearables here for head, body, and feet told 
me of an era of past prosperity for the hatter, 
the tailor, and the shoe dealer, and the care 
shown in the disposition of these articles pre- 
dicted the returning era. 

Next,- the coal closet. You will now pre- 
pare for another story of confusion. You 
already imagine a little coal, a few shelves 
blackened with coal-dust, as well as the arti- 
cles upon them, such as broken lamps, oil 
cans, etc. You see on the floor parts of boxes 
and barrel staves for kindlings, perhaps a 
stolen sign, and even a collection of beer bot- 
tles — empty, of 9ourse. Well, I found nearly 
all these tilings there, but no disorder: every- 
thing seemed clean and in place, and it was 



not until I had overhauled a neat, innocent 
looking pile of boards and barrel staves that 
I found tiie empty beer bottles. But how 
comes this ? how comes order where a short 
time ago all was ddbiis ? Probably our friends 
had received a visit from tlieir pater familias 
quite recently, and tiie general state of con- 
fusion had not had sufficient time to return to 
the coal closet. 

I left the room in silence and returned to 
my own to see if similar plienomena migiit be 
found there. Spare me the humiliating reve- 
lation, and hereafter I will endeavor to keep 
myself in constant preparation for company. 



MEMOPJAL HALL. 



At a time when so mucli interest is felt by 
both alumni and undergraduates, in the com- 
pletion of Memorial Hall, there may be some 
curiosity to know its earlier history. 

Tlie first step seems to have been a special 
meeting of tlie alumni, held during the Com- 
mencement of 1865, with the object as stated 
by Prof. Smyth, of considering "what measures 
could be taken for a monument or memorial 
of the sons of Bowdoin, who hud fallen or 
taken part personally in the war." After 
discussing the means best suited to accomplish 
this purpose, it was unanimously decided that 
a"Memo)ial Building" would be the best 
form of a monument, since in it could be 
treasured "inscriptions, busts, portraits, flags, 
and other memorials of the war," and at the 
same time the college be provided with a 
gallery for its collection of paintings, and a 
much needed liall for its public exhibitions. 

It was also voted tliat a committee, with 
Prof. Smyth as chairman, be appointed to 
carry out this plan. Tiiis committee was not 
fully made up until the next Commence- 
ment, but in the meauAvhile Prof. Smyth had 
secured the subscription of $20,000. To this 
committee was intrusted the power to choose 



122 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the site, settle upon the plans, and overseer 
the construction of the building. 

At the Commencement of 1867 it was 
voted that the building be of granite, and 
of a cost not less than $50,000. During 
the following year the construction of the 
building was commenced, with some $30,000 
already subscribed. The death of Prof. 
Smyth during the spring of 1868, deprived 
the building committee of its most effective 
member, upon whom the chief burden had 
rested. 

The subscription list had increased to 
$36,233 in the year 1869, and the committee 
was then empowered to borrow the amount 
necessary for. completing the exterior of the 
building, which was finished, as it now stands, 
in the month of January, 1870, at a cost of 
nearly $50,000. 

The building was finally presented to the 
college upon the condition that a debt of 
$10,000 be assumed by the college. Memo- 
rial Hall is of the French-Gothic style of 
architecture, and is 60 feet by 104 feet on the 
outside. So far as the original plan of the inte- 
rior of the building is known, it was intended 
to use the basement for the libraries of the 
Athcnaean and Peucinian societies, with two 
lecture rooms, one on each side of the entrance. 
The second floor was to be a large hall, as now 
intended, for the public exhibitions and Com- 
mencement dinners of the college, capable 
of seating about 600. The third floor was 
intended for the picture galler}'. As far as 
at present decided upon, the basement will be 
finished into a hall, with a stage in the rear, 
to be used for rhetoricals and lectures. The 
hall will comfortably seat about 250, and 
there will be also two recitation rooms capable 
of seating about 50 each. Before finisliing 
the interior of the building it is necessary that 
the walls be strengthened, probably with ma- 
sonry, which will delay the completion beyond 
any hope of its being in shape for the coming 
Commencement. 



COMMUHICATIOKS. 



Editors of Orient : 

There is a reading-room connected with 
the college, for the privilege of using which 
we pay a small fee each term. Therefore, 
since it is maintained by the students, it is 
entirely unfitting and out of place that the 
practice of cutting scraps from the various 
papers be carried on to the extent it now is ; 
and the reading-room authorities should take 
measures to prevent it. At least allow all 
journals to remain twelve hours, after being 
hung up, before attacking them with knife and 
scissors. Naturallj^ those cuttings are made 
of important, interesting, and instructive arti- 
cles, as well as of items relating to the col- 
lege ; and that an opportunity for perusing 
them should be denied to the majority simply 
to favor and meet the wants of those who are 
overzealons in compiling a memorabilia or 
scrap-book, is a most deplorable state of af- 
fairs. " A word to the wise," etc. 

G. R. Umblee. 



Editors of Orient : 

Of late it has been quite noticeable to 
many of the students that the mail matter 
which has been put into the college mail-box 
has not reached its destination at the time it 
should. We, the students, are assessed a cer- 
tain amount each term for the support of the 
reading-room, which includes the carrying 
of the mail matter Avhich is posted in the mail- 
box here in college, and it seems only just 
that these duties should be faithfully per- 
formed. When one puts a letter into the col- 
lege mailbox it is understood tliat it will go 
on the first mail jtrain which leaves the town, 
and, moreover, not be subjected to the scrutiny/ 
of inquisitive students. Can we not have a 
change in regard to this matter? 

There is also another matter which should 
be different. We refer to the time when the 
Boston papers reach the reading-ioom. The 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



123 



papers are at the post-office quite early in 
the afternoon, but it is very rai-e that they 
reach the reading-room any before dark, 
making each man who will tear out his 
eyes trying to read them in the twilight, or 
hunt around over the end and find a man 
who will lend him a match to do what is the 
duty of the one elected for this very object. 
There are also such little things as fires to be 
looked after, the presence of objectionable and 
highly odorous "yaggers," much smoking, 
loud talking, and discussions there, and in 
fact there is a general need of change and 
reformation. Vox Studentoetim. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



Pull beards are tbo aspirations nowadays. 
Prepare your poems on " Beautiful Snow." 
" F. P. Knight has returned and entered '84. 
The proof for the college catalogue is ready. 

D. J. McGillicuddy, of Bates College, has entered 
•8]. 

The Freshmen lu South Maine Hall replaced the 
box. 

And now the rattle of the coal shovel is heard iu 
the land. 

We would like to hear from the editor man at 
Steubens. 

Mr. Leo is giving the Seniors a short course of 
lectures on Zoology. 

Billy says— "Prof. Ladd, I would like to write 
about the mind and brain." 

" This is a privileged question, and it will take 
but onc-flfth vote to carry it." 

The Sophomores are agitating the question of 
Burial of Analytics. 'Tis well. 

The Seniors all speak very highly of their pleas- 
ant visits to Prof, and Mrs. Ladd. 

The elections of this year, as usual, brought all 
outsiders together into " Our Society." 

The pedagogues are beginning to hie away for 
their youug-idea-shootiug expeditious. 

The room in South Maiue Hall, formerly used by 
Prof. Smith is being refitted for Prof. Avery. 



There was a general exodus of students to the 
Unitarian entertainment at Freeport, Nov. 17. 

Prex. (loq.) — "Don't bo surprised, gentlemen, 
because one of you happens to have his lesson." 

Thirty-page doses of Physics rather sickened 
'82, and you should hear them howl. Don't blame 
them. 

Who said the Bowdoin Philosophical Club was 
going to admit the Seniors to their meetings ! 'Tis 
false ! 

The Seniors had the second examination in Psy- 
chology perpetrated on them Nov. 15. Would it 
were the last. 

Can't some other Professor manage to get an 
hour-aud-a-half recitation arrangement for the bene- 
fit of the devoted class of '81 1 

The happy Senior rejoices in twenty hours of rec- 
itatiou per week, not to speak of five or six hours 
move of compulsory college attendance. 

The report that the Maiue Medical School was 
to begin the first of January is without foundation. 
It will begin at the regular time, Feb. 10. 

The following Seniors have been appointed for 
the exhibition at the end of the term: Cutler, salu- 
tatory, Cobb, Hathaway, Lane, Smith, Staples, 
Wheelwright, Wilson. 

We bad our first snow storm Monday, Nov. 15, 
aud it put our walks and streetsin that state of pecu- 
liar uucertaiuty, 'twixt mud and sand, so common 
to them in fall aud spring. 

Happy is the man uow who has a huge transpar- 
ency, with rather ancient but significant political 
puns, to show on which side he fought and bled in 
the late Presidential contest. 

The meeting of Parliamentary Law held last 
Wednesday was a very successful one. A vote of 
censure was passed upon the Secretary of the last 
meeting by a large and enthusiastic majority. 

There was considerable speculation last week as 
to the meaning of the visit of Hous. James G. Blaino, 
William P. Frye, and William E. Chandler to Presi- 
dent Chamberlain. Can it bo relating to the Sena- 
torsbip ? 

Sophomore class officers are as follows: Marshal, 
W. J. Collins; President, A. E. Austin; Vice Presi- 
dent, C. A. Corliss ; Eulogist, G. B. Swan ; Elegist, 
W. S. Pearson ; Panogyiist, F. J. Day; Odist, J. F. 
Waterman; Historian, W. C. Winter; Secretary 
and Treasurer, H. E. Suow; Committee of Arrauge- 
meuts, Sewall, Eeed, Alien. 



124 



BOWDOIN ORIENT, 



Classical studeutto scientific — " Wbat degree do 
you take when you graduate ? " S. S. — " Don't 
know exactly, B. C, I think." C. S.— " What does 
that stand foi'?" S. S.— " Why, Bachelor of Sci- 
ence, of course." 

" Our Band " received a pressing invitation to 
participate in the celebration at Harpswell, on ilon- 
day, the loth, but did not accept on account of the 
snow storm. The Harpswellites also borrowed sev- 
eral of " them college transparencies." 

"Bob" is guilty of saying that, "if we were to put 
all the time upon our studies that the Faculty seem 
to think we should, it would take forty-eight hours 
for each day, and- the only time we could have for 
sleep would be while walking to recitation. 

The new President of the Union Theological 
Seminary, the Rev. Dr. Eoswell Dwight Hitchcock, 
was Collins Professor of Natural and Kevealed Re- 
ligion here from ]8.r2 to 1855, when he left to accept 
tbc chair of Church History in the Seminary of 
which he is now Presideut. 

The Seniors held their class election Friday 
morning, jSTovembor 19th, which resulted in the 
choice of the following officers : Marshal, F. B. Mer- 
rill ; President, H. S. Payson ; Orator, J. W. Man- 
son ; Poet, F. L. Johnson ; Historian, J. 0. P. 
Wheelwright ; Prophet, E. 0. Achorn ; Chaplain, A. 
E. Whittier; Odist, A. Q.Rogers; Address Under 
Oak, H. W. Chamberlain ; Pai'ting Address, James 
Donovan ; Committee of Arrangements, L. B. Lane, 
W. W. Towle, W. M. Brown ;— the 3d on committee 
also to assume duties of Secretary and Treasurer ; 
Committee on Music, J. Dike, E. W. Larrabee, W. 
P. Skillings ; Committee on Pictures, H. E. Snow, 
E. H. Chamberliu, J. Dike. 



PERSONAL. 



[W"e earnestly solicit communicatinus to tbis column 
from any who may liave an interest in the Alumni.] 

'34.— Rev. Cyrus Hamliu, for twenty years Pres- 
ideut of Roberts College, Constantinople, and more 
recently Professor in the Theological Seminary 
at Bangor, has been elected President of Mid- 
dlcbury College, Vermont. The Undergraduate 
says of his duties : " Dr. Hamlin is Senior class of- 
ficer, and instructor in Psychology and Mental 
Science, the same as the President heretofore, as 
well as in Political Economy and the other Senior 
studies which belonged to Prof. Means. 



'40.— Elijah Kellogg delivered an address to 
young men at the St. Lawrence Street Church in 
Portland, on the evening of the 14th. 

'43.— Hon. F. Loring Talbot of East Machias, 
Maine, died at his residence in that town, recently, 
aged 57. Mr. Talbot was the seventh child of Hon. 
Micah Jones Talbot, of East Machias, and is the 
first of a family of eight to be taken away. After 
graduating he married Miss Mary C. Badger of 
Brunswick, and at once engaged in the lumbering 
business with his father and brothers in East Ma- 
chias, where his life has been passed. He was a 
member of the State Senate, and held other ofQces 
of ti'ust and profit, always distinguishing himself by 
the fidelity with which he discharged every duty 
devolving upon him. In the religious and social, as 
well as the mercantile life of eastern Maine he will 
be greatly missed, and a very wide circle of rela- 
tives will be plunged in grief to learn of his demise. 
At the time of his death ho was a member of the 
Board of Overseers of the college. 

'53.— At the Grand Council of the L 0. G. T., 
held at Portland, Tuesday, Nov. l.ith, T. R. Simon- 
ton was G. W. C. T., and H. H. Burbauk ('60), Sec- 
retary. 

'57.— Rev. E. A. Rand has been elected Rector of 
the Episcopal Church, Hyde Park, Mass. 

'58.— Rev. I. P. Smith and wife, of Chatham, 
Massachusetts, on the evening of the tenth anniver- 
sary of their marriage, October II, were visited by 
their parishioners, who left substantial tokens of 
their regard. Speeches were made by the editor of 
the Chatham Monitor, who presided, and by others, 
to which a response was given by Mr. Smith. In- 
terest was added to the gathering by the presence 
of other pastors in the village, one of whom, at the 
close of his remarks read a poem very fittingly 
adapted to the occasion, and another offered prayer, 

'60. — John Marshall Brown is appointed Colonel 
of First Regiment on General Chamberlain's staff. 

'61.— Hon. Stephen H. Manning, Republican, was 
recently elected sheriff of New Hanover County, 
North Carolina, in which Wilmington is situated, by 
over 1000 majority. 

'73.— The Address of W. C. Shannon, is 15th 
West 31st Street, New York City. 

'72.— F. W. Spaulding is now practicing medi- 
cine ill New Hampshire, and has been recently mar- 
ried. 

'76. — 0. C. Evans is now teaching the high school 
at Atlantic City, N. J. He was married last sum- 
mer to Miss Clark, of Pembroke, where he formerly 
taught. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



125 



76. — Sanford was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, 
Massachusetts, November 13th. 

'78.— P. L. Paine is now studying law and teach- 
ing at Portland. 

78. — J. L. Higgins has been re-elected as county 
attorney of Martin County, Minnesota. 

'80— Puringtou is teaching in Bristol, Maine. 

'80. — Hall is now at Suisun, California. 

'81.— E. L. Swazey is now at Warm Springs, 
Corson County, Wyoming. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



Tufts had their Pall Meeting at Mystic Park, 
October 27. A largo number of contestants were 
on band and considerable excitement prevailed. 

Tale won a glorious victory over Columbia in 
foot-ball at New Haven, Wednesday, Novembor 
lOth, securing 13 goals and 5 touchdowns to Colum- 
bia's 0. 

Harvard played Columbia at foot-ball, Saturday, 
Nov. 6th, in New York, at the Mahattan Polo 
Grounds. When time was called the score stood : 
Harvard, 3 goals 1 touchdown ; Columbia, 0. 

The number of students at Tale is 1003, at Har- 
vard 1,3.50, at Michigan University 1,367, at Penn- 
sylvania University 1030, at Columbia 1,436, at 
Missoui-i State University 596, at Oberlin, 1,000, at 
Wesleyan 164. 

The committee appointed by the Senior class at 
Amherst, to consult the President in regard to 
abandoning the Sunday afternoon service, did not 
ari'ive at any satisfactory i-esult. The particular 
objection to the present system is its element of 
compulsion. 

The Freshman Class at Harvard number 220, at 
Yale 200, at Cornell 130, at Amherst 90, at the Uni- 
versity of California 61, at Dartmouth 90, at the 
University of Michigan 210, at Wellesley College 
130, aud 200 applicants were refused within sixty 
days previous to the opening. 

The Hartford Courant knowingly remarks upon 
the announcement that the Yale Faculty have sus- 
pended the Kappa Sigma Epsilon and Delta Kappa 
Freshmen societies: " This will no doubt quite re- 
vive these weak and feeble institutions, which hav- 
ing had heretofore no reason to live, have now the 
sweet flavor that attaches to stolen fruits." 



The following are recent bequests to some of our 
colleges: Oberiin, $1.5,000; Amherst, $106,000; 
Wesleyan, $75,000; Rochester, .$25,000 ; Syracuse 
University, .$30,00; WilUams, $20,000; Yale, $100- 
000; Princeton, $200,000; Brown, $25,000; aud 
Bowdoin follows with $105,000. 



CLIPPIHGS. 



Who is the first dead-head on record ? Leoni- 
das, for he held a pass. — Round Table. 

A Sophomore has discovered that Longfellow is 
not an admirer of art ; for doesn't ho say : " Dust, 
thou art ? " 

The difference between the dancing and card- 
playing is just exactly the difference between the 
reel and the I-deal.— Qitefim. 

A young lady says the new sewing machine is 
like a kiss, "because," she blushingly adds, "be- 
cause, yon see, it seems so good." 

The czar's yacht makes fifteen knots an hour, and 
it isn't a circumstance to a needleful of thread that 
a man is trying to fasten a button with. — Trans- 
cript. 

Scene— young ladies' boarding school : Prof. — 
"What can you tell of Pluto?" Miss D.— "He 
was the son of Satan and when his father died he 
gave hira Hell." 

A Senior was guilty of the following : " What is 
the difference between the sun and a shooting 
star?" " One is a sun (son) and the other a ' dar- 
ter.' " He still survives. 

Walk up, walk up, ladies and gentlemen ! Here 
you have the Great Moral, Intellectual, Supernat- 
ural, aud Infernal Wild Beast Show, positively for 
one day only ! Walk right up and pay your money, 
Freshiutn half price, and seats reserved in front for 
Vassar girls— for one day only ! Pass right in be- 
fore the cages and nevermind the smell; standing 
room fenced off for Seniors; Southern students 
please not spit on the animals— for one day only ! 
Walk up, walk up; members of the Yale press 
charged double price, and no profane language al- 
lowed — for one day only ! Pay your money and 
cultivate your minds. Wellesley women admitted 
only with certificate of character. Bowdoin boys 
must clean their boots at the door. Harvard men 
provided with looking-glasses and rouge-pots. All 
for one day only.— ^cta. 



12G 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



fortunate Princetonian ! No less than eight 
coutribntions in one uurabcr ! Happy the editorial 
board that is thus nobly supported by its constitu- 
ency. Yet, (we only whisper the thought) perhaps 
the editors wrote them. " Hare and hounds " seems 
to be an object of interest at Princeton. This old 
English game might become popular on this side 
the " puddle " and would be an excellent form of 
exercise if " Tom Brown " be any authority. 

Wonder if there's any connection between the 
" Zeus " in the Acta, who shows conclusively why 
we ought to part our hair in the middle, and 
" Suez," who writes such a beautiful aud touching 
poem on the fresh subject, " The Old, Old Story" — 
meaning the Freshman. We quote a verse or two 

of this : 

"Little Freshie tvim and ta, 
How I wonder what yon are 
On tbe steps of Authon Hall, 
Jeered by Sophs and snubbed by all. 

" Standing -with reUictant feet, 
"Where babyhood and manhood meet, 
"Would you fain discern the view 
Of what the future holds for you ? " 

We still live.— C. C. N. Y. Free Press. But 
we should think the labor of that column of conun- 
drums under the head of " What the Free Press 
would like to know," would have killed it. For in- 
stance : " If a Prof, marches about the room at the 
rate of thirty laps an hour, how much sooner could 
ho accomplish the same on a pony?" Or this at- 
tributed to a professor aud " scholus " : "What 
would yoti say of the argument represented by a cat 
chasing her tail?" " She is feline her way to a cat- 
egorical conclusion." It was the cat, that time, and 
we hope will not be catching or subject to catechism. 

" Every college student and graduate," says the 
Campus (Alleghany), " will most certainly unite 
with us in saying that no criticism could bo made 
upon the present style of college oratory, which 
could reasonably be regarded as too severe. There 
is a sameness in it— a want of true, honest elo- 
quence, and a deplorable lack of iudependeut 
thought. Originality gives way to imitation. High- 
sounding words, far-fetched metaphors, and pov- 
erty-stricken similes, have long since crowded out 
sound reasoning. Common sense has lost her power 
over effervescent poetry." The Campus evidently 
knows whereof it speaks, and its speech is clearly 
to tbe point. 

In an article entitled "The opening for Young 
Men in Politics," the Olio remarks : " The times de- 



mand men of earnest convictions and pure princi- 
ples ; men who can rise above party rule and party 
prejudice ; men of just and original ideas, who can 
profit by the past and live only for the public weal ; 
men who can keep abreast of the times and are 
equal to emergencies ; men who, in time of public 
peril, rise supei'ior to- the occasion and grow greater 
with increasing danger. Such men the country de- 
mands and has a right to expect. To such must it 
look for the purifncation of politics, civil reform, and 
the vindication of universal suffrage." We sub- 
scribe to that, but not exactly to the apparent teach- 
ing of the article which implies that young men 
should seek political positions in order to reform the 
times. Seems to us there is more honor in being 
sought on account of an honorable reputation than 
in putting one's self forward for a position, even with 
a good motive in one's own mind. The Olio, doubt- 
less, did not mean to be inconsistent, but was it not 
practically so ? 

" The American people have become a nation of 
wire pullers," affirms the Chronicle. " Children are 
brought up to it and therefore we find it in college." 
The cause of these remarks seems to be in the man- 
ner of the class elections lately held at Michigan 
University. They seem to have two parties as a 
regular thing. Caucuses, "counting out," and 
" counting in," have failed to furnish excitement 
enough, as well as failed to settle the vexed ques- 
tions, so the "bar'l" has had to be tapped aud 
money used in a college election. Verily, we are ad- 
vancing. In contrast to the foregoing may be re- 
corded the more perfect union of sentiment which 
seems to have prevailed at Union College, where, 
according to the Concorcliensis of October 15, " the 
Seniors' officers were for the most part elected by 
acclamation." — JV. T. World. 

The Oberlin Beview speaks of a visit of con- 
gratulation paid to General Garfield at his home 
immediately after his election became known. Some 
700 professors, students, and citizens, went by spec- 
ial train. Among his brief remarks, Gen. Garfield 
said : " The thought has been abroad in the world a 
great deal, aud with reason, that there is a divorce 
betweeu scholarship and politics. Oberlin, I be- 
lieve has never favored that divorce. But there has 
been sort of a cloistered scholarship in the United 
States that has held aloof from active participation 
in public affairs; and I am glad to be greeted here 
to-day by the active, live scholarship of Ohio, aud I 
know of noplace wheresoholarshiphas touchedupon 
the nerve center of public life so eftectually as at 
Oberlin You are cordially welcome." 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, DECEMBER 8, 1880. 



No. 11. 



BOWDOIISr ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERS ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DTTBING THE 
COLLEGIATE TEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll B. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Easiness Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 



Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. X., No. 11.— December 8, 1880. 

Editorial Notes 127 

Literary : 

Bowdoin Stories. — II 130 

Communications : 

An Open Letter 132 

The Military Department 133 

The Musical Association 134 

The Boat-House Debt 135 

"Our Sports" 1.35 

College Items 137 

The Bugle 138 

Personal 138 



EDITORIAL KOTES. 



With the present number we close the 
second term of our connection with the Ori- 
ent and the first term of our present colle- 
giate year. This year will be rather an ex- 
perimental one for the new curriculum ; and 
though of course too early to judge of its 
results, yet, with very good reason the past 
term may be regarded as a very quiet, studi- 
ous, and successful one. " As has been inti- 



mated eLsewhere, our athletics have not been 
what we would wish ; but in the one more 
term that remains, there is abundant oppor- 
tunity to prepare, if we will, for the next 
season of our sports. The coming holiday 
vacation is short, it is true, yet we trust it 
may be as full of gayety and pleasure as even 
the most sanguine would wish, and that all 
may return better prepared for the hard and 
necessary work of next term. All editorial 
advice as to moonlight sleigh rides and senti- 
ment, holiday festivities, etc., would of course 
be superfluous, and although early, yet all 
the more heartily does the Orient wish for 
its readers its happiest " Merry Christmas " 
and its merriest " Happy New Year." 



At almost the last moment of the term 
we are glad to announce that the long-desired 
boom in base-ball matters has been started 
with enthusiasm and every prospect for its 
continuance. The amount of money which 
it now seems probable can be raised will be a 
great encouragement for the best work of the 
boys for next season and be quite sufficient 
for their ordinary needs. It is to be hoped 
that over $400 can be raised, and as but little 
money will be needed by the boating interests 
for next season, it would seem as though this 
should be easily done. The boys are not will- 
ing to give up base-ball here, and every man 
who really wishes the success of the nine will 
sacrifice that abundant funds and encourage- 
ment may be given them, and when the list 
is completed may it exceed even the expecta- 
tions of the most sanguine. 



The Senior Classes at Bates and Colby have 
voted to have no Commencement Concert, and 



128 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



perhaps no public exercises on Class Day. It 
is time the Seniors here should be thinking 
about their concert, — whether it will pay to 
devote about two hundred dollars or more 
merely to keep up a custom that should have 
been obsolete long ago, and to furnish a good 
show to a crowd who will not pay for it, or 
to spend their money for something that will 
yield an adequate return. The Committee 
on Music, which was chosen at the class meet- 
ing, received no instructions at the time, and 
of course can do nothing until some decisive 
action is taken by the class. If it is necessary 
for the success of Commencement week that 
the evening should be occupied, it would 
seem that the committee should find some- 
thing to fill the space more satisfactory to the 
class and its friends. 



There has been some complaint of late 
about certain articles, as books, papers, gloves, 
etc., being taken from the reading-room and 
not returned, and attention is simply called to 
the fact that this purloining may be stopped. 
If " yaggers " are the guilty parties, then it 
but remains for the managers and students 
who frequent the room to constitute them- 
selves into a perpetual acting police force, and 
eject the intruders. But if not, then we 
trust that all will be careful about leaving any 
goods there to satisfy the thieving propensi- 
ties of the sneaks who would do such things. 
It is very convenient often for one hurrying 
to prayers or recitation to leave a few things 
there until the next hour, and it is shameful 
that the convenience of the whole college 
should be sacrificed by the mean acts of one. 
It is to be hoped no more complaints wUl be 
made, and that, as we should, we can leave 
what we wiR there in peace. 



about the lack of which so much has been 
said in the past, will be presented for the first 
time as a part of our curriculum under the 
instruction of Professor Chapman, and it is 
to be hoped that a large and interested class 
will greet the introduction of this favorite 
study. German, Analytical Chemistry, and 
Mineralogy will furnish those who wish an op- 
portunity to pursue still further their studies in 
those branches, and their popularity and that 
of their instructors will render it difficult for 
those with no particular predilections to 
choose between them. These electives are 
of course but experiments, and we hope that 
the best efforts of the Seniors will be so 
directed to make them successful that in the 
future their number may be largely increased. 



Next term will come most of the electives 
for Senior year, and they are certainly of 
enough importance to require careful consid- 
eration in their selection. English Literature, 



It has been frequently observed during the 
past year or more that many of the appoint- 
ments and elections in the college have not 
been accurately i-eported to the various out- 
side newspapers, offering many chances for 
mistakes where surely none should occur. All 
these could not very well have been careless 
blunders of the printer or the unintentional 
errors of the reporter, for they have been 
noticed in more than one paper, in more than 
one instance, and what is still more remarka- 
ble they have always been in the same 
direction. By any careless or intended mis- 
arrangement of men in the various college 
appointments, there is an extreme liability to 
misconception in the minds of those who get 
their college news from those papers, which 
would often require considerable personal ex- 
planation to rectify. This is a very small 
thing to notice at this time, it is true, but it 
is a still smaller thing to do this or let it pass 
without comment, and attention is simply 
called to this matter with the hope that it may 
not occur again. 



There is one important subject that has 
been quite neglected here since the dissolution 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



129 



of the old Peucinian and Athensean Societies, 
but is receiving some attention now, and is 
capable of still more without detriment to 
those engaged. We refer to the subject of 
debating. To be sure the regular fortnightly 
discussions before Professor Chapman, and the 
exercise in Parliamentary Law before Presi- 
dent Chamberlain are some improvement over 
what has been, but they only show to us what 
might be if those interested would organize 
and work. The Faculty have done quite all 
they can for us in this branch, and all desiring 
more practice must find the opportunity them- 
selves. Many of the larger colleges have 
organizations devoted solely to debate, and 
through them that practice is had which will 
be so useful hereafter. If those here who 
seem to wish for this practice are zealous in 
their professions, some kind of an organization 
will be formed to further their wishes. The 
next term will be the time for the considera- 
tion of this, and we trust that if such a club 
is needed it will soon be founded. 



Now that the sporting season of 1880 is 
over, base-ball, boating, foot-ball, and all, we 
suppose it is in order to congratulate Yale for 
her remarkable successes during the year, and 
for the position she now holds as champion of 
American colleges in athletics. The Yale 
base-ball team had a personnel and record 
which were unequaled last season, and though 
not the nominal champion of a limited asso- 
ciation, yet must be regarded as the real 
champions of base-ball. In boating, too, for 
the first time for some years, Yale is ahead of 
her old rival ; her eight could not well be 
beaten this side of the water, and it is cer- 
tainly to be hoped they will next season try 
conclusions with our English cousins. Their 
foot-ball team, too, though nominally yielding 
to the Orange and Black, have yet a record 
of which they have good reason to be proud, 
and upheld the honor of Yale on many a hard 
fought field. Their field sports were not 



equal to the others, but with the new park, 
which they are making herculean exertions to 
purchase, it will require but a few seasons to 
place them fully even with their other sports. 



In the present number we publish a com- 
munication from the Professor of Military 
Science and Tactics, in relation to his depart- 
ment, which is well worth the attention of all 
underclassmen. It is now time that these 
questions must be directly answered by every 
student who will remain here : Do you wish 
to see the college and its several departments 
prosper ? and, if so, are you willing to do 
what you can for their advancement, especially 
if united with your own personal advantage ? 
There can be but one response to these ques- 
tions, and all those underclassmen with the 
true loyalty to Old Bowdoin will early and 
gladly lend their influence, as suggested by 
the communication. Many of the most 
powerful friends of the college are deeply 
interested in the success of the Military 
Department, and that alone should be a strong 
reason for enlarging the now too small list of 
drill men. We trust the Sophomores and 
and Freshmen will consider this subject im- 
mediately and favorably, and that those ex- 
cellent plans suggested by the instructor in 
that department may not be allowed to fail 
from lack of numbers. 



The past term has been a very quiet one for 
us, not only in the relations between the classes 
themselves and the Faculty, but also in the 
various college sports. As we have noticed 
before, there has been marked lack of interest, 
both general and particular, in nearly all of 
our sports, and attention has been called to 
the need of improvement of some kind before 
spring. The communication in the present 
number will, we trust, set some a thinking 
who before have claimed no responsibility for 
the welfare of the sports, and have only 
been too ready to croak over their reverses. 



130 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Though the views of our correspondent may 
not be unanimously adopted by all in col- 
lege, yet all must confess the great need for 
improvement in many of the respects that he 
mentions. The boating interest, too, needs 
immediate consideration. 

There is a debt on the boat-house unpaid 
which is liable to be of trouble to the associa- 
tion. All ideas of a college crew might as 
well be given up from this singular and unwar- 
ranted apathy which has befallen us. The 
scratch races of this fall were comparative 
failures in point of both time and interest, and 
if we are not careful the class races of the 
spring term will be no better. The responsi- 
bility for this state of things lies upon all, for 
the officers cannot work without an interest 
in college to sustain them, and the interest in 
college must have proper officers to execute 
it, or nothing can or will be effected. Next 
term we hope to see this discussed earnestly, 
and with the desire to help our sports ; and all 
those who have stood in the way of their 
progress must expect to have told some plain 
truths unless their ways are mended. 



LITEHARY. 



BOWDOIN STORIES.— II. 

BY AELO BATES. 

"These things are no end funny," Phil 
said, poking the fire. " I don't know whether 
they are so to folks outside the ring, but the 
whole college feeling comes up to me with 
them. Don't you remember the day we '76 
boys were reciting in International Law to 
Prof. Caziarc, and old H. distinguished him- 
self so ? Unluckily, this wasn't one of the 
days when H. was prepared, and, as he neg- 
lected to read ahead in the class, his answers 
were of the wildest. ' How long,' asked the 
Professor, ' does a ship remain liable to seizure 
after violating a blockade ? ' H. gazed at the 



ceiling, rubbing his chin and changing legs in 
his inimitable way, but no happy evasion 
occurred to him. A fellow behind him was 
prompting in frantic whispers, and at length 
succeeded in attracting H.'s attention. Old 
H. was so intent on the ceiling, though, that 
to do this he had to speak so loudly as to be 
heard over the whole room. Of course every- 
body laughed in concert, but no line softened 
in the grave countenance of H. Taking in 
the situation in a twinkling, he drawled out, 
with perfect composure, ' I am told six 
months ! ' How the boys applauded ! " 

" There's a good recitation story they tell 
of Prof. Chadburn," Percy said, taking up 
the ball in his turn, " though the truth I don't 
vouch for. They say that he began a recita- 
tion in Natural History by asking the first 
man in the class if he'd ever seen a porpoise. 
' No, sir,' was the answer, as prompt as you 
please. ' The next,' says the Prof., and the 
next said no, too. And so they went down 
the class, Chadburn of course forgetting all 
about what the question was before he got 
half through the row. ' Very well, gentle- 
men,' he remarked in his most magisterial 
manner, as the last man added his negative to 
the rest, ' you may take this lesson again to- 
morrow, and I hope to find you better pre- 
pared ! ' / Another story of him is that he 
asked once if anybody in the class had ever 
seen a frog in the water. The boys all said 
no till it came to G., who remarked that he 
had seen a frog in the water. ' Good,' the 
Prof, said, ' I am glad there is one man here 
who is an observer. Now will you tell us, 
Mr. G., under what circumstances you saw 
the frog in the water, and what he was doing.' 
' Oh,' answered G. brightly, ' I put him in, 
and he was trying to get out ! ' " 

" Some of the Bo wdoin boys did a couple of 
droll things the year after we graduated," Phil 
said. " The eternal war between Fresh, and 
Soph, was raging with great violence, and there 
was no end of sharp-shooting on both sides. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



131 



I fancy the Freshies were the smarter from 
the two stories I heard. One night they 
were laying out for a ' peanut drunk ' — is 
there anything funnier in college nomen- 
clature than calling a gorge on that arid fruit 
a ' drunk ' ? — and they were told that the 
Sophs, had found it out and meant to stop it. 
They went on with their plan, though, and to 
the usual bushel or so of peanuts they added 
a can of cider. Of course when their ene- 
mies interrupted the inocent festivities, they 
bore away peanuts and cider, upon which 
they feasted in high glee. Fancy the feelings 
of those wicked and wretched Sophs, when, 
on draining the can of its last glass of cider, 
five drowned mice dropped into the glass ! " 

" By Jove ! That was tremendous ! " 
cried Percy. "I wonder a Freshman was 
left alive to tell the tale ! " 

" I fancy they weren't very cheeky for a 
day or two," returned the other. " But their 
second trick was worse yet. The Sophs, be- 
came possessed of a pair of plump chick- 
ens " 

" ' Became possessed ' is a good phrase," 
interrupted Percy. " I've become possessed 
of chickens on the Harpswell road myself! 
' Convey, the wise call it.' Go ahead." 

" I knew I was touching you in a tender 
spot," continued the narrator. " Having the 
chickens, they took them down to that disre- 
putable Tim Ponson, who used to cook your 
fowls for you, to have them roasted. Certain 
choice spirits — both on two legs and in black 
bottles — were brought together for the feast, 
which Tim had promised should be ready by 9 
o'clock in the evening. But a few audacious 
Freshmen, Billy M. and Tom Winter among 
them, in some unexplained way got hold of a 
knowledge of the Sophomoric plans, and at 
half-past 8 presented themselves at Ponson's 
door. ' Halloo, Tim,' says "Winter briskly, 
' are those chickens ready ? " Tim looked a 
little astonished, but Billy broke in and ex- 
plained that S., who had delivered the birds 



to the cook, had sent after them. 'Hurry 
upj' Winter went on. ' The fellers have 
got dreadful tired of waiting now.' So old 
Tim bestowed the chickens, smoking hot, in a 
basket. ' Will yer take the plates and the 
taters, too?' he asked. But having secured 
the chickens the boys were not inclined to 
wait, so they told him to follow with the other 
things, and off they scud with their booty. 
Saucy knaves ! Perhaps the Fre'shmen did 
not have a howl over those birds ! And per- 
haps the Sophs, were pleased at the trick ! 
But wasn't it clever ? " 

" Capital ! I only know one thing which 
would have been better, and that was the 
thing some of the '75 boys didn't do to Prof. 
Z. You know what a little, wizened, dried- 
up man he was, and how cordially everybody 
disliked him. The one year he was at Bow- 
doin he made more enemies than he could 
unmake in a lifetime. Well, X. and Y., '75 
boys, got into the Church on the Hill one 
Saturday night, when Prof. Z. was to preach 
on Sunday. They planned to cut a trap-door 
behind the pulpit, with a spring to be worked 
by a cord going under the carpet to the stu- 
dents' seats They meant to pidl the door 
out from under him about the time he got 
started in the long prayer, and let him down 
out of sight! Unfortunately the sexton 
came in, and they had to give the thing up ! " 
" Unfortunately ! you say ? " Phil said, 
laughing. " That shows where your sympa- 
thies are ! " 

" They are always with the boys in pri- 
vate," Percy retorted. " In public I have 
to disapprove of anything of this sort as 
improper ; indeed, as extremely improper ! " 



When the maid 1 mean to marry 

I of evenings go to see, 
I invariably carry 

Watches twain along with me. 
One is hours and hours too fast, 

T'other, hours and hours too slow ; 
By the first we meet ; the last 

I consult when I should go. 

— mini. 



132 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



COMMUKICATIOKS. 



Editors of Orient : 

The followiug communication, in answer to an 
editorial in the last issne of the Bates Student, has 
been refused admission by the editors of the Student, 
and it is desired that it be inserted in your columns 
not only to correct any possible misapprehension of 
facts, but also to furnish that opportunity for reply 
which simple justice demands. 

To the Editors of the Bates Student : 

In your last issue was an editorial criticis- 
ing those who have recently left Bates, and 
assigning your own reasons for their conduct. 
Since nearly one-fifth of all the students of 
the institution have left within the last six 
months, it is not surprising that some notice 
should have been taken of it. But that an 
article so shamefully personal and so mani- 
festly untruthful, could have recommended 
itself to any one is certainly surprising. 

A large proportion of those leaving, who 
have entered other colleges, have come to 
Bowdoin, and for them the article was specially 
intended. Allow us to examine it. You as- 
sert that we assigned to you as our " chief 
reason for leaving, the advantage secured to 
us by the diploma of a more widely known 
institution." Now, while we appreciate as 
much as you do the advantage of a diploma 
from Bowdoin over one from Bates, yet, Mr. 
Editor, we defy you to point to a solitary 
instance of a student leaving your institution 
who has assigned to you, either directly or by 
implication, the above as the "chief" reason 
or as a reason for so doing. This being so, 
you must admit that the basis of your article 
is entirelj^ a work of your own imagination. 

You then proceed to draw conclusions as 
absurd as your premises were false ; asserting 
that our course is an "indication and confession 
of weakness, of cowardice, a compromising 
of manhood, a simple proclamation that we 
distrust our own ability to compete with 
others [you doubtless]." As to the manli- 
ness of indiscriminately applying such epi- 
thets as the above, we leave that to the keen 



and proverbial discrimination of your Faculty 
who so persistently demand the privilege of 
carefully perusing each article of the Student 
before its publication, " in order that nothing 
disrespectful or discourteous may enter into 
its composition." As to our ability to com- 
pete with those whom we have left, why, sirs, 
in the wildest flights of our imagination we 
never entertained the slightest notion of lay- 
ing claim to such ability. Compete with the 
editors of the Bates Student, that dazzling 
array of genius and talent that the world in 
its present state of civilization can scarcely 
appreciate ! The idea is too preposterous for 
anything. We humbly confess our littleness. 
But, sirs, isn't it letting yourselves down from 
your lofty position to taunt us with it ? Isn't 
it a little cruel to thus unceremoniously crush 
us out ? Couldn't you have restrained your- 
selves and allowed us to do humbly and in 
our own way the little that the grace of God 
and the ability to mind our own business 
would have given us the power to do ? But 
inasmuch as you have seen fit thus openly to 
attack us, and by your own comments to place 
us in a false light before your readers, you 
have compelled us to present to you the true 
reasons for the course we have pursued. And 
if, in the course of our remarks, we present 
some plain, unvarnished truths for your con- 
sideration, you and your friends need lay no 
blame at our door. This controversy is not 
of our seeking. Upon you, as its provokers, 
inevitably falls the responsibility. 

When we left Bates, we left with no en- 
mity toward that institution. We did what 
we supposed we had a perfect right to do. 
We left because we believed that we could 
do better ivork, get better instruction, and 
receive far greater benefit in every way from 
our course elsetvhere. And in every particu- 
lar we have been satisfied beyond expectation 
with the change. 

When an institution is so loosely conducted 
that students go through their recitations 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



133 



week in and week out without opening a text- 
book, and when at the close of each succeed- 
ing term these same students (?) are in some 
mysterious way prepared to make a clean 
walk-over at each examination, the inevitable 
conclusion is that something is wrong. What 
the result, amid such influences, must be upon 
the habits of a student, we leave to be inferred. 
Now, Mr. Editor, you are well acquainted 
with the above facts. You knew them when 
you wrote that editorial. Do you attempt to 
denj- it ? Did you not tell us yourself, scarcely 
three weeks ago, that. " a large, majority of 
your own classmates were doing little else 
than wasting their time, and had you known 
as much about Bates College three years ago 
as you do now, you never would have been 
found within its walls ? " Delightful, isn't it, 
this prattle of yours about " weakness," and 
" cowardice," and " compromising of man- 
hood " ? 

Again, you say that he who leaves " does 
not hesitate to inflict an injury on the institu- 
tion that has helped him to a position he could 
not otherwise have obtained." Here again j'our 
meaning is a little obscure. Perhaps you 
allude to the fact that very many students 
enter Bates who could not pass an examina- 
tion to enter elsewhere. We acknowledge 
the fact, but beg leave to assure you that 
however convenient this state of things maj^ 
have been to you or others on entering, we 
were happily not obliged to take advantage 
of it, and hence owe no debt of gratitude to 
Bates on this score. Or perhaps you refer to 
the fact that a course at Bates necessitates 
but a small outlay of capital. Very true, and 
we could have remained at home even cheaper 
than we could have gone to Bates. A neglect 
to put out a dollar is not necessarily a saving 
of a dollar ; and we confidently assert that 
Bowdoin is a more economical college to at- 
tend then Bates if the principle of largest 
returns in proportion to the outlay is a safe 
one. 



But again, you urge that our " class feel- 
ing " should have tended to keep us at Bates. 
We admit it. No one cherished a kinder 
regard or a deeper feeling for his classmates 
than we did. It was this, and this alone that 
kept us there so long. We know this to be 
the case witli others. How often have we 
heard our classmates say, " Were it not for 
leaving the fellows I wouldn't remain at Bates 
another hour." It was with a feeling of 
regret that we broke these ties ; and pleasant 
as are our associations here, let circumstances 
be what they may, we shall ever cherish a kind 
remembrance for the boys we have left. But 
this by no means invalidates our reasons for 
leaving. On the contrary it shows how pow- 
erful they must have been. The fact that we 
broke strong ties shows that stronger reasons 
impelled us. 

We regret that you have compelled us to 
speak thus openly, but trust our reply has 
been only commensurate with the provocation 
given. Alpha. 



[For the purpose of placing certain matters con- 
cerning the military department of the college 
before the students, we are requested by the Mili- 
tary Professor to publish the following article in the 
Oeient.] 

Editors of Orient : 

EMends of the college who are desirous 
that the military department should be con- 
tinued and become practically successful, have 
placed, under certain conditions, a very con- 
siderable sum of money at the disposal of the 
department for its benefit. These conditions 
win be fulfilled if twent3'-five or more stu- 
dents of the present Sophomore and Fresh- 
man classes will hold themselves in honor 
bound to receive the regular instruction of 
that department for two years from the end 
of this term. 

If this proposition should meet with the 
approval and acceptance of a sufficient num- 
ber of the students mentioned, then it is pro- 
posed, with the approval of the President, to 



134 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



appropriate such portion of the money as may 
be required for that purpose to the purchase 
of uniforms for their use, and in general, for 
such other purposes as would otherwise cause 
an expense to the student on account of join- 
ing the military department. Copies of 
tactics and such other military books and 
publications as may be needed for reference 
to assist a practical, by a theoretical knowl- 
edge of military matters, will be provided. 

The period of two consecutive years is 
believed to be the shortest time in which a 
thorough practical knowledge of the subject 
can be gained under the present system, and 
avoids the intermittent, or term plan, which 
now obtains, and which is unsatisfactory in 
its results. 

The required attendance at practical mili- 
tary exercises will continue to be three hours 
per week, and will aim to perfect each stu- 
dent individually in the knowledge of the art 
and duties of a soldier, both in the ranks and 
in command of a company, and if possible of 
a battalion, for which two or more companies 
would be necessary. 

The discipline while on drill, will be the 
same as that of a well ordered company of 
the regular army or militia, and the sj^stem of 
giving certificates of proficiency to competent 
men on graduation will be continued. 

In addition to the regular drills, arrange- 
ments have already been made for a system 
of target practice, to include both gallery and 
range firing, for those desiring it, and who have 
mastered the requirements of the squad drill. 

This will also be conducted without ex- 
pense to the student, and at the end of each 
year will close with public matches between 
selected teams, etc., for prizes, as announced 
at the opening of the present college year. 

If two or more companies can be organ- 
ized, competitive drills once in each year could 
be had, which would probably prove both 
interesting and instructive. 

The military department does not desire 



to interfere in any way against the regular 
college sports, but on the other hand, con- 
siders them as especially within the line of 
its thought and action, and desires to add 
substantially to them, and at the same time 
add a knowledge which will be valuable to 
the student in riper years. 

If the scheme above sketched is to be car- 
ried out, it is highly desirable that students 
should hand in their names before the end of 
the present term, and before the regular 
repoi-t of the military professor, required by 
the War Department, is made, in order that 
the future prospects of the department in the 
college may be officiallj'- set forth, although 
no military duty will be required except at- 
tendance at one roll-call on the last drill day 
of the term. It is also desirable that the 
status of the military department be put upon 
a good foundation before the plans for the 
new college buildings are decided upon, in 
order that provision may be made for a suita- 
ble drill hall and armory therein. 

It can scarcely be necessary to urge upon 
the educated young men of Bowdoin, who 
are accustomed to think for themselves, the 
probable value in the future, to them as well 
as to the State, of a knowledge by their class 
of the art of organizing and handling bodies 
of armed men, and of the strength and im- 
portance such knowledge will give to them in 
times of public danger. 

They have but to imagine themselves in 
the position of offering their services to the 
nation on the breaking out of " that tiger in 
ambush," the next war, and the difference in 
opportunity and position between wearing a 
sword and carrying a knapsack, to recognize 
the advantages such a knowledge would give 
to them individually. 

" Ce n^est que le premier pas qui coute." 



Editors of Orient : 

The Musical Association, long contemp- 
lated, is now an assured fact. Through the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



135 



liberality of the Brunswick people, and espe- 
cially of our professors, sufficient funds have 
been subscribed to enable the association to 
begin at once its work. This will consist in 
the main of choruses, glees, and portions of 
operas, which will be taken up under the 
direction of Herman Kotzschmar. Mr. Kotz- 
schmar's name is a sufficient guarantee of the 
thoroughness with which the work will be 
performed. A good deal of the material will 
necessarily be raw, so that none we hope will 
be deterred from joining on this account. If, 
then, all will enter into the work, there is no 
reason why we should not soon have that 
long-wished for pleasure of possessing a good 
glee club, of which we may have reason to be 
proud. The material now in college is as 
good as we are likely to have or have had in 
the past. There is a tendency alwaj's to 
think that students who have gone before, 
have been better able to take hold of such 
work than. those now in college, and this is 
one of the chief reasons why it is has been so 
difficult, the past few years, to make even a 
beginning in this direction. One of the 
objects of this association is to give, if possi- 
ble, a thorough training to the students who 
sing at all, in order that we may improve the 
ability we now have, — and it is to be hoped 
that all will take hold to further this purpose 
as much as possible. D. 



Editors of Orient : 

During the last season the boating men 
were all much pleased with the change of 
quarters, and with the manifold advantages 
of the new situation. Before then our boat- 
house was little better than a shed. We had 
no dressing-room, no bath-room, no good rests 
for our boats, and were often obliged to carry 
them a long distance over logs to put them 
into the water. We now have a boat-house 
capable of holding twenty or more boats, and, 
having an indefinite lease of the land on 
which it stands, are relieved from the anxiety 



which we always felt for the old house, not 
knowing at what time we should be ordered 
to tear it down and give up the land. 

But while enjoying all the advantages of 
the new house, and congratulating ourselves 
upon our good luck in having it, let us not 
forget that it is not entirely paid for. There 
is still about $92 due. With the exception 
of about $350, given by graduates, and a 
generous gift by the Faculty, the classes of 
'80, '81, and '82 have paid for the house 
$779.77. Now it seems no more than fair 
to expect that the class of '83, having enjoyed 
its privileges, should at least pay the balance 
due on their boat ($31) at once. The class 
of '80 having presented their boat to the 
association, we hope to sell it to the class of 
'84. If this is done, we can pay our debt and 
have some money in the treasury. 

Perhaps some members of the college do 
not realize that this debt must be paid at 
once ; but such is the case. Mr. Colby is 
getting anxious for the amount of his bill for 
lumber sold to Mr. Melcher for the house, 
and Mr. Melcher says he will pay him as soon 
as he receives the money from the association. 
I understand, from good authority, that if 
the money is not paid soon there will be 
trouble. This I suppose means an attach- 
ment on the boat-house, which will cause us 
additional expense, and is likely to compel us 
to mortgage it. If we cannot pay our whole 
debt at once, let us hope '83 will pay the 
$31 that they owe, and with which we may 
at least appease our creditors. M. 



Editors of Orient : 

Since the subject of the general lack of 
interest in our sports has been brought up, 
will j'ou allow one who is always interested 
in base-ball a short space in your columns. 

Without reviewing the result of the sea- 
son just passed, in regard to defeats and 
victories, or noticing any of the mean things 



136 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



said of the nine behind their backs, let us see 
if we learned anything by experience. 

Judging from the first two games even, 
every member of the nine knew the reception 
he would get. Victory meant hand-shaking 
and congratulation, defeat meant all manner 
of contemptible things said against him ; vic- 
toiy meant abundance of funds, defeat was 
an assurance that if you went out of town you 
would pay your own expenses. It is under 
these inspiring and favorable (J) circumstances 
that the nine of next season must start. From 
the time they begin work in the gymnasium 
until the end of the season, they must under- 
stand that victory is the condition of support. 

Observation will make it plain to any one 
that next season, to be successful, the nine 
must be much stronger than last. Collecting 
all the available material, the most sanguine 
must acknowledge that we have none too 
much. A good pitcher is needed, — is any one 
practicing for that position ? No. Why not ? 
Because very few care to spend time that 
could otherwise be employed more profitably, 
upon something which is very doubtful. 

But some one may say, " What is the use 
of talking about this now, let it go until 
spring." Not one minute should it be delayed. 
The nine should know immediately whether 
they are to receive proper support, and govern 
themselves accordingly. If encouraged, it is 
right to expect them to work ; if the students 
remain inactive in the matter, the nine cannot 
be blamed if they take the same attitude. 
Another objection might be raised, that there 
are several who, although having been promi- 
nently identified with the nine 'in the past, 
refuse to play next year. Very well, leave 
them out. It takes nine men to make a nine. 
One man, or two men, or three men, cannot 
make a nine, never mind what their abilities 
are. But nine men by work and with encour- 
agement, can do wonders. 

To quote from your editorial on " Our 
Sports," — "•To those who are intending to 



withdraw from the sports, we would saj' that 
we hope to see your opinions changed before 
spring, for we trust that in calmly considering 
these things you will not allow personal feel- 
ings to draw you away from your duty to the 
interests of our sports." Let us see, — " we 
trust that in calmly considering these things 
you will not allow personal feelings to draw 
3'ou away from your duty to the interest of 
our sports." Is it the duty of any member of 
the nine to not only overlook all hard words 
said against him, but also to stand ready at 
any time to pay his own expenses, and for the 
nine as a whole to hold themselves responsible 
for all the bats and balls used during the season? 

Again, to quote from your editorial, — " we 
hope to see your opinions changed before 
spring." Let us grant, for a moment, that the 
opinions of those have changed, and that all, 
whom the management desire, agree to play. 
Is there anything gained? Many will say, 
" Yes, we shall have a good nine." How long 
will you have a good nine, or rather how long 
will that nine be supported ? Judging from 
the past, only so long as the nine is victorious. 
Who ever heard of a professional ball player 
being payed in proportion to the number of 
games he wins. Then whj^ should our nine be 
obliged to go to work with the understanding 
that thej' are to be rewarded, not according to 
their work but according to their abilityto win. 

It would seem as though it were time that 
the students on their part, should make some 
advances so as to encourage the boys to work. 
Let the students give some assurance that the 
nine will be supported whether defeat or vic- 
tory attends their efforts. Show them in some 
tangible way that through thick and thin, 
from the beginning of the season to the end, 
money sufficient for all expenses awaits them, 
— then, and not till then, will a nine be found 
whose fortunes will ever be of interest, and 
the members of which shall be treated as 
gentlemen whether they have the good fortune 
to win or the misfortune to lose. J. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



137 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



Prince, '84, has left college. 

Moody is tbe only Junior electing Calculus. 

The Juniors began practical work in Zoology 
Friday last. 

The Junior Boat Crew is working hard in the 
Grymnasium. 

There promises to be another exodus of Bates 
men next term. 

We received a short visit from Belcher, '82, just 
before Thanksgiving. 

About thirty students remained in college during 
the Thanksgiving Recess. 

The Thanksgiving Recess extended from Wed- 
nesday noon until Saturday night. 

The Historical Society are busily engaged in re- 
moving their collections to Portland. 

As is usual with the last number of the term, the 
Orient has been delayed a few days. 

Term closes Friday, December 17th. Next term 
begins Wednesday, January 5th, 1881. 

The last exercise of Parliamentary Law for the 
term, was held on Wednesday, 8th inst. 

The skating on the river was fair Thanksgiving 
week, but was soon spoiled by the suow. 

There seems to be a greater proportion of men 
teaching this winter than for many years past. 

The Bugle will be out by the middle of next 
week. They can be obtained at 10 A. H. 

Instructor Lee has been giving the Seniors a 
very interesting series of lectures on Zoology. 

The Historical Society voted, at their meeting, 
Nov. 23d, to remove their collections to Portland. 

Prof. Kotzschmar's singing class met at the 
Chemical Lecture Room, for the first time, Tuesday 
evening. 

Bailey, '84, has been obliged to give up his 
studies for the remainder of the term on account of 
trouble with his eyes. 

" Billy " and " Pond " have erased their hair 
lines, and begun anew for next Commencement. 
Success go with them. 

Shooting matches were held daily, at Appleton, 
during Thanksgiving week, disturbing their more 
quiet and studiously inclined neighbors. 

Prex's anticipated appointment by the Argus 
should induce the Sophomores and Freshmen to 
take the drill with an eye to future honors. 

Seventeen Seniors of the Academical Depart- 
ment will elect English Literature ; eleven. Analyt- 
ical Chemistry ; eight, German ; one, Mineralogy. 



Senior and Junior Exhibition will be held at 
Lemont Hall, Thursday, Dec. 16th. The Juniors 
appointed are Bates, Belcher, Merriman, and Staples. 

The Instructor in Military Science and Tactics 
gave a series of lectures on projectiles, to those of 
his department, during the cold weather of last 
week. 

It is to be hoped that the Freshman who left the 
epistle to his fair one on the top of the letter-box, 
will receive an answer, and learn, in due season, the 
mysteries of the lid of the box. 

The lecture before the Bowdoin Philosophical 
Club, on Friday evening, Nov. 19th, was delivered 
by Prof. Carmichael, subject, " Sympathetic Vibra- 
tion," and a very interesting lecture it was. 

The following was elicited in Psychology as re- 
gards the memory of the class : Number having 
special defects, 27 ; defective memory for names, 10 ; 
for dates, 8 ; for passages from authors, 6 ; for ab- 
stract principles, 2. While one admitted a general 
forgetfulness of facts, 17 were unconscious of any 
special defects. 

It may be interesting to certain of our readers to 
learn that John W. Manson, formerly of '81, Dart- 
mouth, is an editor upon the Bowdoin Orient, 
published by the class of '82, Bowdoin College. — 
Dartmouth. We would correct our exchange by 
informing them that the Bowdoin Orient is pub- 
lished by the class of '81. Mr. Manson is still a 
member of that class. 

Instructor (to dig-nifled Senior who had spent his 
spare time on novels) — "Mr. L., will you give us a 
specimen of the Echinoderms? " Senior (very 
deliberately, feeling probably the pangs of appetite) 
—"Tapeworms, I think." Amid the applause the 
instructor informed him that many great naturalists 
would class them there, but he begged leave to 
differ from their opinion. 

A base-ball meeting was held at the Freshman 
room, at 3.30 Wednesday afternoon, at which meas- 
ures were taken to place the nine on a firm footing 
for next season. A subscription was started to pay 
the running expenses of the nine for nest season, 
and in a few hours about twenty men had subscribed 
over $100. From appearances now, there will be 
over $400 subscribed, enough to place the nine 
upon a firm basis financially. The old books are to 
be thrown aside, and all subscribers are to be mem- 
bers of the new association. 

The following will be absent from college, teach- 
ing: '81 — Achorn, Newcastle ; Haggerty, Westport; 
Harding, Steuben; Larrabee, Manchester ; Petten- 
gill. Brewer; Snow, Bailey's Island ; Sawyer, Bruns- 
wick ; Mason, North Bartlett, N. H.; '82— Blondell, 
Bowdoin ; Chase, Knox ; Curtis, Freeport ; Jordan, 
Brunswick ; Libby, Locke's Mills ; Moody, Harps- 
well ; Plimpton, Farmingdale; Sanborn, Bethel; 
Staples, Bowdoin ; Stearns, Mason ; Weeks, Fair- 
field; McCarthy, Sangerville; '83— Austin, Parsons- 
fleld ; Cole, Bridgton ; Fling, Gray ; Hutchins, 
Milan, N.H.; Reed, Holden; Russell, North Jay; 



138 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Winter, Woolwich ; '84 — Charles, R. I. Thompson, 
Cummings, Mt. Vernon ; Knight, Brunswick ; Say- 
ward, Woolwich. 

The following will he the course of studies for 
next term : Seniors. Required — Constitutional 
Law, President Chamberlain ; Ethics, Calderwood's 
Moral Philosophy, Prof. Ladd ; Hickock's Moral 
Science, Prof. Ladd. Optional — Mineralogy, Dana, 
Practical Chemistry, Qualitative and Quantitative 
Analysis, Prof. Robinson ; German— Deutsche Lyrik, 
Goethe's Prosa, Faust — Second Part, Dramas from 
Schiller and Lessing, Hermann and Dorothea, Mr. 
Johnson ; English Literature, Prof. Chapman, with 
Rhetoricals as usual. Juniors. German Reader, 
Mr. Johnson ; Physiology, Huxley's, Packard's Zo- 
ology, with practical work, Mr. Lee; Physics, Prof. 
Carmichael. Optional — Latin, Greek, Calculus, to 
several instructors ; Rhetoricals. Sophomores. Rhet- 
oric, Prof. Chapman ; History, De Corona, Greek 
Moods and Tenses, Prof. Avery; Tusculan Dispu- 
tations, Burder's History of Roman Literature, Prof 
Cole; French, Bocher's Otto's Grammar, Reading 
at sight, La France Literaire. Optional — Analyti- 
cal Geometry. Usual Rhetoricals. Freshmen. Livy, 
Prof. Cole ; Odyssey and Greek Lyrics, Prof Avery ; 
Algebra, Solid Geometry, Conic Sections, Prof. 
Smith. Rhetoricals. 



THE BUGLE. 

The Bugle of '82 is now completed and in the 
hands of the printers, who assure the editors it will 
be ready by the first of next week. By the courtesy 
of the editors an opportunity was given to examine 
the proof, and judge of the quality and quantity of 
our next Bugle. It will have the muslin bindings 
which were so great an improvement last year, the 
covers will be of class color, crimson, and "have the 
usual designs in gilt on the outside. As a frontis- 
piece will be presented a fine picture of our beloved 
Professor Packard, prepared by the Heliotype pro- 
cess from the negative of Mr. Reed. The Bugle 
will not be as large as 'Si's by about six pages, 
there being less literary matter and fewer cuts, but 
a very good representation of new local societies. 
The literary part is in the main excellent ; the edi- 
torial is short, crisp, and treating of college matters 
in a fresh and vigorous manner. The "Grinds" are 
somewhat less numerous than last year, but are 
fully up to the average ; there was noticeable in 
thera the absence of many of those bitter thrusts, 
which have made that column in the past so often a 
reproach to the editors. The parable, of the other 
hterary work, is one of the features ol^ the book ; it 
is witty, vigorous, and pointed, and fully justified by 
the circumstances in the preparation of the class 
matters. The cuts, as might be expected, are sur- 
passed by none of the former Bugles, either in de- 
sign or execution. The first noticeable one is at the 
head of the Faculty, the subject being one that we 
think all have deeply felt in some portion of 
their existence. The class cuts, which come next, 
are among the best and most interesting in the 



Bugle, the hits being excellent and some of them 
exceedingly natural. 

The cut before '81 is especially good, and will 
recall forcibly to all the class that rough and stormy 
path up the steep mount of Sophomore year which 
is so graphically represented. The '81 men in the 
picture are evidently endeavoring to train the poor 
little fresh mouse running in their midst, and their 
good judgment of the nature of the animal is well 
shown by their attempting to coax it with a bottle. 
The only adverse criticism that could be made is 
that the artist obtruded a little too much of his per- 
sonality into the smallest and most active part in 
the picture. The cut before the secret societies is a 
new and good one, as also are the drill and athletic 
cuts, while the boat-house and surroundings are 
very faithfully pictured in front of that association. 
There was one cut absent which ever before has 
been a noticeable feature of the Bugle, and that is 
the one before the Sophomore supper. This ab- 
sence is to be regretted, and none should express 
more regret than the class which suffered it to be 
so. The cut at the finis is one of the very best, fully 
expressing what every editor, especially of the 
Bugle, is supposed to experience, and is in addition 
very well drawn. 

As a whole the Bugle can but be satisfactory to 
the college, class, and we trust the boys will be gen- 
erous enough to make it so to the editors. Its ap- 
pearance tins term has necessitated much labor for 
all the editors, and as its result we are assured that 
all will acknowledge that the Bugle of the " Crim- 
son" has fallen in no respect behind any of its pre- 
decessors. 



PERSONAL. 



[We earuestly solicit oommnnicatious to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'50.— Hon. Wm. P. Frye, of Lewiston, is one of 
the most prominent candidates for United States 
Senator to succeed Hannibal Hamlin. 

'50.— Gen. 0. 0. Howard has been ordered to 
Washington by the President, and it is rumored he 
is to be appointed commandant at West Point. 

'60. —Congressman T. B. Reed, of Portland, has 
written a letter to the Portland Press withdrawing 
his name from the canvass for the senatorship in 
Maine. 

'61.— Hon. T. W. Hyde, of Bath, has just 
returned from a three months' tour in Europe. 

'69.— Dr. Frank W. Ring, formerly of Portland, 
but now of New York City, sailed in the steamship 
Gallia from New York for Liverpool, on the 17th 
ult. He goes to the south of France, and expects 
to be absent two months. 

'76. — Prof A. E. Rogers, of Orono, was recently 
married to Miss Mary E. Butler, of Hampden, Prof. 
J. S. Sewall. '50, ofBciating. 

'79.— J. W. Achorn has been appointed agent for 
the pubhshing house of Ivison, Phinney & Blake- 
man, for the State. 



Vol X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JANUARY 12, 1881. 



No. 12. 



bowdoijSt orient. 



PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE TEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Mauaging Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editcir. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggertt. Horace B. Hathaway, 

John W. Manson. 

TER^fs — S2.00 a year rx advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 



Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 



CONTENTS. 
Vol. X., No. 12.— January 12, 1881. 

Editorial Notes 139 

Literary : 

Clara (poem) 142 

Cheating in College Studies 142 

Senior and Junior Exhibition ]43 

Portland Alumni Association 143 

Communications : 

Composition "Writing 144 

The District School Teacher 145 

Needed Kefimns 146 

A Replj' to the Bates Student 147 

College Items ]48 

Personal 149 

College World 149 

Clippings ]50 

Editors' Table 150 



EDITORIAL KOTES. 



Those of the Senior class who desire to 
complete their files of the Orient, can pro- 
cure back numbers of the business editor. 
We are prepared to have the Orients bound, 
at reasonable rates, for those who wish. At 
a trifling cost, one can thus procure in con- 
venient form a memeilto of his college course. 



We print in this issue another reply to an 
article in the last number of the Bates Student 
in answer to a communication in our last 
number. It is far from the intention of the 
editors of the Orient to encourage or take 
any part whatever in a matter of personal 
controversy between certain students here and 
the editors of the Student, and it is with 
reluctance that we print a second article of 
this nature. We do it on the ground that as 
a college paper, ours should always be open 
to any member of tlie college who wishes to 
make answer to any real or imaginary griev- 
ances within or without our own college. 



As is usual at this time of the college 
year, there is considerable anxiety among 
those interested in our college sports to see 
the Freshman class taking some active meas- 
ures toward putting a crew on the river next 
spring. We have no doubt that the class of 
'84 will follow the example of their elders, 
and be represented in the next regatta. The 
expense of a new boat would fall quite heav- 
ily upon the class, and there seems to be no 
reason why the class boat of '80 would not 
be justas serviceable as a new one,which would 
cost twice as much. If the class does not 
care to buy a boat outright, for the present, 
why could it not hire one for the coming 
season, of the Boating Association, with the 
stipulation that the amount paid for rent 
should go toward purchasing the boat, pro- 
vided the whole price of the boat is paid. 
We hope soon to see the class taking steps 
toward securing a class boat and training a 
crew for the spring regatta. 



Well, base-ball men ! we have given you 



140 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



a lift, and are anxious to see you at work in 
the gymnasium repaying the confidence so 
generally displayed by us toward you. Your 
traiuing cannot begin too early or be too 
earnestly and persistently carried out. Now 
is just the time to show the Freshmen that 
college is a good place to learn how to work, 
and little honor can be gained in either schol- 
arship or sporting matters b}^ those inclined 
to shirk, merely upon general knowledge or 
natural ability. Two years ago base-ball men 
here went into winter's training in real ear- 
nest for the first time, and what was generally 
looked upon as a weak team turned out in 
fact quite a strong one. Now we have what 
all look upon as good material, and wish to 
see it developed in the same manner. We 
regret that Capt. Gardner, on account of 
absence during this term, thought best to 
send in his resignation. If arrangements can 
not be made at present for another election, 
do not wait : organize temporarily, and go at 
it determined to do credit to Bowdoin in the 
spring. 



More than usual interest wa-s felt last 
winter by our boating men in working in the 
gymnasium on account of the prospect of 
sending a crew to represent us in some inter- 
collegiate regatta. As yet no correspondence 
has been held with other colleges or associa- 
tions looking to a race this coming season ; 
but an attempt will soon be made to arrange 
for such a race, if possible. In the meantime 
there should be interest enough felt in our 
spring regatta to cause each class crew to 
begin work at once in the gymnasium. There 
is no need of enumerating the advantages of 
such a course of training, as they have been 
fully shown by our past experience. As in 
most colleges, so in ours, those oarsmen who 
have kept their muscles hard by exercise dur- 
ing the winter, have been the ones best able 
to enter at once into earnest work at the 
opening of the season, and with the best 



results. Let us not allow our enthusiasm in 
boating to grow cold, and our winter training 
will be well repaid by better health while it 
lasts, beside the additional advantages in the 
spring. The Freshman class should have at 
least six men working for positions on their 
class crew, as has been the custom now for 
several years. 



Near the close of last term, an attempt 
was made to raise the necessary amount for 
the cancellation of the boat-house debt. The 
amount of the debt was $65.00, of which 
about $19.00 was due from the class of '83 
for their boat. It was thought that a small 
contribution from each member and friend 
of the Boating Association would be suffi- 
cient to free it from debt. The actual sum 
raised was $31.00, leaving a balance above 
the amount due from the Sophomores of 
$16.00, and an actual debt of $34.00. Now 
there are more than seventy-five undergradu- 
ates who have not given a cent toward this 
last subscription ; and many who have borne 
no part of the burden of building our boat- 
house. The upperclassmen have some reason 
for feeling that they have done enough 
already as many of them have given for the 
third time ; and it is to be noticed that for 
one year's use of the boat-house which they 
enjoy, some of the underclassmen have two 
years. We do not wish to be petulent, but 
there does seem to be some reason in the 
claim that those who are to enjoy the bene- 
fit of our new accommodations for their whole 
college course ought to be willing to give 
something to place the finances of our boat- 
ing association on " hard pan." If this debt 
were paid, there would be a fair chance of 
raising money enough from the sale or letting 
of the boats now in our possession to paint 
the boat-house, a thing which would add 
much to its appearance and durability. Per- 
haps many of the students have not given 
serious thought to the desirability or necessity 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



141 



of preventing this debt dragging along and 
drawing on those resources which are needed 
for incidental expenses. Let each one, who 
has not already done so, give his mite ; and 
thus our boat-house will be paid for in full. 



We cannot call attention to the need of 
gymnasium work too early. During no time 
in the year is such work more impoi-tant than 
during the winter term. All sports and ath- 
letic games out of doors are of course impos- 
sible, and for the most part the students den 
themselves up in their rooms only to appear 
out when it is absolutely necessar}-, and then 
muffled up in heavy overcoats and scarfs as if 
guarding against a breath of pure air. For 
several good reasons the college managers 
cannot, or at least do not require gymnasium 
work during this term, but heretofore have 
allowed us the use of a place and apparatus 
to obtain the much-needed exercise, and we 
have no reason to doubt will do so this term. 
The necessity for the sporting men to begin 
their work early in order to be properly 
trained for successful competition during the 
coming season will be urged elsewhere, but it 
seems to us that the need of exercise for 
others is even greater, because the former 
being naturally muscular and well developed, 
are not so much in need of artificial training 
as those more slenderly built or less strongly 
constituted by nature. The individual expense, 
simply that of heating the building, will be 
small, depending of course upon the number of 
those working. During the past two years it 
has not exceeded the usual amount charged 
upon the term bills for the other two terms. 
We hope measures will immediately be taken 
to bring about a general enthusiasm in this 
line, and that another week will find a good 
lively crowd of workers in the gymnasium. 



We would begin with a cheery greeting 
did not our editorial heart bleed for the home- 
sick Freshman and the fellew who must suf- 



fer a ruthless fall from the " Seventh Heaven " 
before he can settle down to work. In this 
pity — born of experience perhaps — you must 
find the apology for the sober reflections 
which follow : 

Our vacations are more efficient factors in 
our four years at college than we think. 
Home with its silent influences preaches to 
most of us more effectively than the gallery 
seats of the church on the hill. The hearty 
ways in which we express our good wUl to 
Tom or Bill are rude attentions when ad- 
dressed to a gentle mother. We do not enter- 
tain our sisters with the jokes and stories 
which are often tainted with indecency. 
Somehow at home we hesitate to indulge in a 
blissful smoke, with our feet hanging over the 
center table. Upon the streets, too, where 
every face is familiar, we assume a more gen- 
tlemanly bearing. But allow us to say that 
we make a great mistake if we throw off 
every restraint here, upon the supposition 
that the good people of Brunswick do not 
know us because we don't know them. The 
B. H. S. girls know every Freshman's name 
before the end of the year and every Senior's 
history — yet how demure ! Beg pardon for 
the digression. But home life often does 
more than to correct our manners. A fellow 
is not " good hearted " who is insensible to 
the kindness of those who have the best right 
to be interested in his welfare, and he is un- 
manly who is not inspired by the self-sacrifice 
which is often exercised in his own behalf. 
Vacation gives a man a chance to think more 
practically and candidly than when in the 
midst of the interests and enjoyments of col- 
lege. Perchance the Senior sits in his father's 
office stroking his maiden moustache uneasily. 
" Ah ! " thinks he, " only six months more, 
and what then ? " The shadows which flit 
across his brow suggest the painfully practi- 
cal thoughts which follow. 



Princeton is to have a new chapel. 



142 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



LITERARY. 



[For the Orient.] 



CLARA. 



My love is fair beyond compare, — 
Oh, she's a perfect treasure ! 

For her I keep a love that's deep. 
So deep I cannot measure. 

Her face is fair — and she is true ; 

Her form is lithe and slender ; 
Her merry eyes are deep and blue, 

And shine with light so tender. 

Her gentle smile, — it could beguile 
The highest saint of glory ; 

Her rich sweet voice would me rejoice 
Were I in purgatory ! 

Her eyes are bright as stars at night, 
Her lips are sweet as honey ; 

Her winning ways I can but praise 
For she has heaps of money ! 



CHEATING IN COLLEGE STUDIES. 

The custom of cheating in college recita- 
tions aud examinations is, doubtless, tlie most 
extensive and withal the meanest abuse en- 
countered during the college course. The 
methods employed in this deception, the rush 
for back seats, etc., are so well known that 
they do not need enlarging upon. Let us 
proceed, therefore, at once to consider in its 
true characteristics the general idea of such 
deception. 

To all who are intimately acquainted with 
college ways, a natural division of those em- 
ploying deception in their studies would at 
once suggest itself, — the one class consisting of 
those who uniformly manage just to keep in 
college, the other of those who are aspirants 
for college honors. Of course there is a 
middle class made up of those, who in the 
scale of rank might be classed as safe, but 
who nevertheless with no assignable reason 
use deception. However, by considering the 
two extremes we shall be able to bring out 
all the important points in the ease, passing 
without further notice this middle class. 



Whatever defects the ranking system may 
have, all will doubtless acknowledge that it 
must in some respects be a true exponent of 
the class-room work of students, and there- 
fore it ought also to exhibit in some degree 
the amount and quality of the work done by 
the student in his own room. How far this 
ideal quality is from being realized, is known 
by ever}' one who knows the amount of cheat- 
ing done ; for all this cheating is simply for 
the purpose of getting rank, so that one may 
easily conceive how small a portion of the 
rank of some students is due to honest work. 

Take for example the first class men- 
tioned. Those in that list reduce their time 
of study to the smallest possible space, and 
to reach the required standard, they must be 
constantly inventing some contrivance to 
carry them through the recitations. Yet 
these students injure no one but themselves ; 
they make no reputation as scholars, and 
professors and students come to expect noth- 
ing better of them. The question of whether 
they ought to be in college at all is the ques- 
tion for them to consider. 

When, however, certain students strive 
for honors or other rewards of high standing 
by these methods, the matter assumes a graver 
aspect. The case might be stated thus : 
there is a competition between classmates, 
some are above using base means to attain their 
end, others use such means. If the dishonest 
succeed, is their success anything less than 
a robbery of the more upright? No fair- 
minded person can look at this in any other 
way. To the students, such a person when 
he appears on the stage to carry off his ill- 
gotten reward must have stamped on every 
feature the word thief; suppose his admiring 
friends could know the amount of petty tricks 
and meannesses represented in his appear- 
ance, would not their shame be much more 
painful to them than their pride in him was 
pleasing? In such a bold-faced appearance, 
there is much of the old Spartan feeling that 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



143 



the disgrace was not in the doing of a bad 
deed, but in being discovered. 

It cannot be hoped that tliis matter will 
be reformed until that long-hoped-for golden 
age shall come ; yet it is clear that any stu- 
dent with a reasonable amount of study can 
do all that is required of him here. It would 
be well if honor would only arouse itself in 
the minds of some of us, and show how base, 
how despicable, how utterly unworthy and 
degrading are the means resorted to by col- 
lege students to accomplish various ends. 



SENIOR AND JUNIOR EXHIBITION. 

The Senior and Junior Exhibition came 
off Thursday evening, December 16, 1880, at 
Lemont Hall. There was a very good attend- 
ance, as is usual when the college gives a free 
entertainment. The programmes were very 
prettily and tastily gotten up. There seems 
to be a rivalry in this direction in our differ- 
ent exhibitions, which, if it is not of advan- 
tage to those bearing the expense, is certainly 
so to those among us who wish to keep them as 
memorahilia. Contrary to usual custom there 
were enough for all present. The music was 
furnished by Chandler, who more than ever 
seemed to merit the good reputation he has 
always sustained among us. The salutatory 
was finely written and delivered. One 
noticeable feature was that, unlike most pro- 
ductions written in a foreign language, much 
of it was so well understood as to allow its 
meaning in general to be quite plain. The 
rest of the speakers did themselves credit in 
delivery, and their pieces showed considera- 
ble pain-s taken in their preparation. Too 
many were excused, which is a general fault 
of these exhibitions. The following is the 
programme : 

MUSIC. 

Salutatory Oration in Latin. 

Charles H. Cutler, Farmington. 
Sanitary Improvements. 

t Henry L. Staples, Parsonsfield. 



Wallenstein's Address to the Cuirassiers. 
(English Version from Schiller.) 

* William C. Merryman, Brunswick. 
Gladstone. 

Leland B. Lane, West Sumner. 

MDSIC. 

Science and the Emotional Nature. 

Frank E. Smith, Augusta. 
Our Indian Affairs . 

Albert C. Cobb, Deering. 
Speech of Calgaous. 

(English Version from Tacitus.) 

* Arthur F. Belcher, Farmington. 
Is it Progress ? 

Horace B. Hathaway, Hallowell. 

MUSIC. 

Henry of Turenne. 

(English Version from Flechier.) 

* Arthur G. Staples, Bath. 
American Principles and American Catholics. 

John O. P. Wheelwright, Deering. 
Extract from Speech of Necker. 

(English Version from the French.) 

* George F. Bates, Yarmouth. 
Great Models. 

t John W. Wilson, Portland. 

MUSIC. 
* Juniors. t Excused. 



PORTLAND ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 

The twelfth annual meeting of the Bow- 
doin Alumni of Portland, took place at the 
Falmouth Hotel, Tuesday evening, January 4. 
There was a large attendance and a very 
pleasant evening was passed. Among those 
present were Hon. W. L. Putnam, Hon. 
Chas. W. Goddard, Dr. William Osgood of 
Yarmouth, C. A. Wells, Esq., of Great Falls, 
N. H., Gen. J. M. Brown, G. F. Holmes, Dr. 
C. W. Ring, C. J. Chapman, Dr. F. H. Ger- 
rish, Jotham F. Clark, Seth L. Larrabee. 
Frank S. Waterhouse acted as Toast Master. 

The college was represented by Pro- 
fessors Carmichael and Robinson, and In- 
structor Cole. A very interesting oration 
was read by Mr. Clarence Hale, followed by 
a poem by D. W. Snow. Both were warmly 
applauded. Letters regretting their absence 
were read from President Chamberlain, and 
Professors A. S. Packard and Geo. T. Ladd. 



144 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The following gentlemen were elected 
officers for the coming year : President, Wm. 
L. Putnam ; Vice Presidents, Bion Bradbury, 
Geo. F. Talbot, Geo. E. B. Jackson, J. M. 
Brown, W. Osgood ; Secretary, F. H. Ger- 
rish ; Treasurer, G. F. Holmes ; Executive 
Committee, P. H. Brown, Chas. J. Chapman, 
Charles A. Ring ; Orator, Frank C. Payson ; 
Poet, Seth L. Larrabee ; Toast Master, W. A. 
Goodwin ; Dinner Committee, E. S. Osgood, 
W. Alden, Walter G. Davis. 



COMMUNICATIONS. 



Editors of Orient : 

Not long since it was urged upon the 
members of the Junior class that the only 
possible means by which improvement could 
be made in composition writing was the con- 
stant practice of writing and the constant 
reading of good books. 

The question is suggested to nearly every 
thoughtful student. Are we doing either of 
these? Do we constantly exercise our powers 
of composition ? I believe that the majority 
of the members of the Junior class do not, 
and that they fail to do so for the best of 
reasons. To the casual observer it would 
seem that everything was going on smilingly ; 
that the bi-weekly themes were handed in 
with unfailing regularity as the results of 
patient care and thought. But it is not so. 
Themes are bores, carrying with them no 
interest and awakening no love of writing. 
They are simply hurried off in the shortest 
possible time with no preparation by thought 
or investigation. This state of affairs is evi- 
dently not conducive to improvement, and one 
has not far to seek to find the cause. The cause 
is simply this, the choice of subjects by the pro- 
fessor. We have time enough, attention enough, 
but it is utterly impossible to write inter- 
estedly upon subjects, such as are presented 
to us for our discussion. It is patent to every 



one that poor, uninteresting subjects wiU 
cause poorly written themes, and that if every 
two weeks we are compelled to write a non- 
sensical theme upon a subject far be3'ond our 
abilities, we will not therebj^ constantly prac- 
tice and not therefore improve. Perhaps 
some of the readers of the Orient have not 
heard concerning the Junior subjects ; here 
is the list : Liberty of the Press, Benevolence 
of the Law of Habit, Unconscious Influence, 
Relations of Science and Art. Very won- 
derful subjects, — not interesting perhaps, yet 
very practical. The Freshman can see his 
fate at a distance. We are face to face. 
There is no evading' one of these subjects ; 
it is this subject or none. And as one sits 
down to his desk and prepares his bi-weeklj'' 
theme, he conceives such a distaste to all 
forms of composition that an inkstand causes 
him to shudder. 

I beUeve that I speak advisedly when I 
say that not a member of '82 takes an}' inter- 
est in any one of these subjects. There may 
be food for very fine compositions in these 
subjects, and yet the average Junior will not 
see it. There may be some who know where 
to introduce the pathos, and the reason, etc., 
into " The Benevolence of Law of Habit," 
and yet I don't think that such subjects are 
best. 

There is of course some reason why such 
subjects were presented, and the most proba- 
ble reason is that they enforce originality in 
composition. They do, evidently. It is an 
undoubted fact that the most original stuff 
has been made into compositions upon these 
subjects this year that the world ever saw. 
Now with regard to this idea, it seems to me 
that it is quite useless to argue that this is a 
good plan to pursue. When this originality 
is effected, as it is in this case, by such evident 
loss of interest, and when it results in slov- 
enly compositions, then I think it should be 
abandoned. Let us have a different class of 
subjects. Subjects of more world-wide inter- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



145 



est. Subjects giving chances for the play of 
fancy and imagination. There may be poets 
or novelists in embryo, whose sparks of 
genius are being chilled by contact with such 
coldly metaphysical subjects, and to whom a 
change in subjects would be a reviving prin- 
ciple. Let him who wishes, appropriate whole 
and entire the works of others, he injures 
only himself, and would most assuredly not 
dishonor the paper on which he wrote. We 
can not conceive that any of our eminent 
writers could write so gracefully as they do 
upon subjects unceremoniously thrust upon 
them. Why then should we more than they? 
They wrote from choice, upon subjects of 
world-wide interest, while we who write upon 
subjects of interest to no one, ouT'selves in- 
cluded, are expected to improve. A simple 
reform, the change in the nature of the sub- 
jects would improve in a great measure every- 
thing connected with theme-writing, but as 
it is to-day I firmly believe, with due respect 
to the idea which caused the subjects to be 
offered, that the very purpose of composition 
writing is being in a great measure defeated. 
M. 

Flat Ceeek, Me., Jan. 6th, 1881. 
Editors of Orient: 

The lot of a district school teacher has 
been described very often, but as I have never 
seen a case which is at all similar to mine, I 
will try to picture to yonr readers some of the 
characters and incidents of my experience. 

The people of this place are very religious, 
or at least there are two organized churches 
here. As soon as I got settled I was told that 
if I desired to have a peaceful time here, I 
must attend the meetings of both churches 
constantly ; for the members of the church of 
which I am not a member are much the more 
numerous here, and they are so zealous in the 
" cause," that they would surely persecute 
all opposed to them. 

Thus I became familiar with Mr. Loud, 



the pastor of the larger chnrch, a man per- 
fectly natural in his preaching, if ignorance 
and want of culture are natural. He would 
be a good example of the old circuit riders, 
were it not for the fact that he has been toned 
down by civilization ; he is to them what a 
tame bear is to a wild one. He puts into his 
discourse a smattering of psychology and nat- 
ural science which would horrify more culti- 
vated communities ; in spelling, writing, and 
grammar he and Josh Billings might hold 
close competition. 

In the very foremost rank of this man's 
followers is Mr. Forbes, a man of the very 
greatest adaptability. This qualit}^ maj'' be 
shown by a comparison of his record during 
the war with his present actions. Then he 
was engaged in enlisting men for the army, 
and he became very successful in that busi- 
ness by pouring whiskey into the men he was 
at work upon until they lost themselves in 
drunkenness ; now he fits himself to the 
changed circumstances by a lengthened face, 
and by taking an active part in prayer-meet- 
ings. Forbes is also one of a numerous family 
of brothers, and as they all live here, they form 
quite a strong party in local politics ; natu- 
rally, therefore, certain petty office-seekers 
have attached themselves to this family. 

One of the most contemptible of the latter 
class is Mr. Little of the school committee. 
In his greed of office he has literally sold him- 
self to Forbes, and all of his acts are but the 
reflection of his master's will. Hence when 
Forbes determined to close my school, he 
could not desire a more pliant tool than this 
man. 

As soon as Forbes learned the church to 
which tlie new teacher belonged, he began his 
campaign; for the cause in which he was 
embarked was a noble one, and like a good 
soldier he prepared for the battle before his 
opponents knew of any trouble. Yet he was 
too old a player to show his hand at once ; he 
allowed the term to begin peacefully and to 



146 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



continue so for several weeks. All this time, 
however, he was busy laying plans, among 
which the following may betaken as examples : 
he at first pretended to have a brotherly affec- 
tion for me, that when he came out openly 
against me it might seem to be from a sense of 
duty; he also prepared Mr. Little for the part 
he was to have in the crisis. 

As I have said, all went smoothly for 
several weeks; suddenly a rebellion broke 
out among the larger boys in school. After 
taking proper measures to quell the disorder, 
I went to the committee to get their assurance 
of support in what I had done. To my sur- 
prise I found that the infamous Little was 
really in favor of the rebellion, and then for 
the first time I felt the hand of Forbes 
working against me. 

But I must not forget to relate an inci- 
dent clearly showing the spirit of the Forbes 
family. On the morning of the trouble, one 
of the brothers, whose two sons were in the 
row, came into school, upheld the scholars in 
their rebellion, and clearly declared the plot 
to turn me out. 

Fortunately for me, the other two mem- 
bers of the committee, after spending a day 
and a half in my school, clearly perceived that 
Forbes had been carried beyond reason by his 
religious zeal, and for that reason they sum- 
marily settled him together with all his tribe. 

This is but a fair sample of the fights of 
which this place is the scene. There are also 
numerous little anecdotes and romances about 
individuals of the town which it is better to 
relate by a winter fireside than to publish in 
open day. I can recommend to any student, 
who is fond of the stories of domestic scan- 
dals, to teach a term of school in Flat Creek. 
Very Truly Yours, 

Pedagogue. 



Editors of Orient : 

Although we are not generally of a dispo- 
sition to find fault and grumble about sur- 



rounding circumstances, yet there is one mat- 
ter to which we think it is the desire of a 
large majority of the students that the "powers 
that be" should give some attention. And 
not with the desire to grumble do we ask you 
to lend us your columns, but that we may call 
attention to what concerns not only the com- 
fort but also the health of the students. 

Now we believe that one of the require- 
ments of health is pure air and enough of it. 
But we do not believe it is necessary to have 
a fresh suppl}' constantly coming into the 
room, and with such force that the curtains 
are made to stand out horizontally, while the 
light flickers and dances about in the breeze, 
and the door is violently slammed. At the 
same time, from the numerous interstices 
around the edges of the floor, a gentle breeze 
creeps quietly up one's trouser's leg. Such a 
condition of things is conducive to neither 
health nor morality, but on the contrary is 
the cause of much profanity, and many colds 
which necessitate absence from recitations. 
And yet we do not hesitate to say that fully 
one-half the rooms are in the condition above 
represented. Many a time have we taken a 
severe cold by setting in the draft of wind 
coming in around the windows on a windy 
day. 

Now, as we are practically compelled to 
occupy one of the rooms of the college, we 
ought to have at least as comfortable quarters 
as can be obtained in the town for the same 
price which we pay here. But the fact is, by 
far more comfortable rooms can be obtained 
in town, and in many instances for less money. 

We have no doubt that the " college 
fathers " desire to be just and fair in all their 
dealings with their proteges, and we trust it 
will only be necessary to call attention to this 
matter in order to bring about an investigation 
of the justness of this complaint. If, after 
such investigation, any member of the Faculty 
shall decide that all the rooms are as warm as 
would be necessary for his own health and 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



147 



comfort, we will acquiesce. But if the 
justice of our cause is apparent, then let us, by 
all means, have the evil of cold rooms 
remedied. J. 



Editors of Orient : • 

The Student makes a reply to our com- 
munication in the last Okient. We wish 
briefly to notice it, as its one or two flat 
denials and certain misstatements might de- 
ceive some who are unacquainted with the 
facts. The writer wonders why, if his edi- 
torial were what we considered it, it should 
have called forth any reply. Well, we 
thought of that. If every one had been con- 
versant with the facts he would be perfectly 
right. No reply would have been needed. 
He miglit have gone on unnoticed. But 
somehow college magazines are rightfully held 
in a certain esteem, and statements made in 
them, however unworthy of credence or 
reply under other circumstances, may borrow 
from their very place sufficient dignity to in- 
troduce them to people's notice. 

The way in which our worthj^ Student 
editor seeks to crawl out of his difiiculties is 
truly amusing. First, as to the personality 
of his article, he says that he meant nobody 
in particular, but merely set himself up as the 
advocate of "a great principle," of which, 
he is modest enough to imply, he is the dis- 
coverer. However this may be, as a matter 
of fact the article was personal and was so 
considered by the readers of the Student. As 
to the denial that the personality was intended, 
we can scarcely credit it. First, from the 
fact that before the editorial appeared, and 
while the writer was preparing it (which he 
says took him only some six months), an 
associate editor told us personally that we 
would "soon find out what his brother editor 
of the Student thought of us." Again, after 
the appearance of the editorial in question, 
the writer of it himself accidentally met us, 
and on being asked if he was not rather per- 



sonal in his article, replied in lordly accents, 
" Well, I did comb you fellows, didn't I ? 
and I meant to." Now, Mr. Editor of the 
Student, we know that not even you will deny 
these facts ; and if there is not a slight tinge 
of personality about them, would you be kind 
enough to explain their meaning ? Possibly 
you may work another " great principle " out 
of them. 

In his reply, the editor of the Student 
merely reaffirms the statement upon which he 
based Ms former article, instead of giving 
proofs or examples as we challenged him to 
do, and as he could easily have done had his 
position been sustained by facts. We again 
deny the absurd statement, and again chal- 
lenge him to sustain it. 

In our former communication we quoted a 
statement of one of the editors of the Student, 
expressing an opinion of Bates in accord with 
that held and expressed by ourselves. The 
writer of the editorial in question denies that 
he ever made any such statement, and implies 
that we stated what was false. Now we never 
stated that the whole hoard of editors stood up 
and in concert solemnly affirmed that they 
regretted ever having entered Bates, and 
should not have entered had they known the 
institution then as well as they do now. We 
supposed that one editor could be found who 
had not made the statement. But we did 
and do say that an editor of the Student did 
make the statement referred to. As we were 
considering an editorial, we addressed the Stu- 
dent as a board of editors, and not as indi- 
viduals. The question is whether an editor 
of the Student made the statement, and not 
which one made it. The one who did make 
it will not deny it. We mention this merely 
to show the unfair spirit in which the reply 
was written. 

There are one or two other facts which he 
impliedly denies, and the ground for his denial 
is the fact that he did not know they were so. 
However logical that reasoning may appear to 



148 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



him, we beg leave to submit that, wise as he 
is, if the establishment of facts must be made 
contingent upon his having a knowledge of 
them, then a large proportion of what the 
world accepts as established has received a 
very thorough refutation. 

We have endeavored to consider the main 
points upon which our friend of the Student 
differed with us. There is one point, how- 
ever, upon vsfhich we all agree, viz., the obscu- 
rity of parts of the former editorial in the 
Student. But we see from a glance at the 
writer's reply that he explains this by the 
fact that, at the time, he was suffering from 
" diseased eyes," and that the light from his 
editorial " closed them altogether." Very 
weak indeed they must have been, Mr. Editor 
of the Student. The apology is timely, how- 
ever, and we accept it. You have our heart- 
felt sympathies. Never again run such a 
risk. Alpha. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



stone, '84, has left college. 

Winter, '80, was in town Saturday, Jan. 8th. 

Have you secured your key to the billiard club 
room ? 

Files and Perham of Bates, '83, have both entered 
Bowdoin, '83. 

Lane, '82, has left college and accepted a position 
in Boston, Mass. 

Charles William Longren, of Wilcox, Pa., has 
entered the class of '84. 

New rooms are being fitted up over Ridley's store 
for the Theta Delta Chi Society .Chapter here. 

At a recent reunion of the class of '77 of Portland 
High School, Peirce, '82, was elected President. 

President Chamberlain will have the Seniors in 
rhetoricals during the remainder of their course. 

Brunswick is to be favored with a skating rink, to 
open Wednesday, January 12th, in Lemont Hall. 

Carleton, '79, conducted the services at the Epis- 
copal Church in this phice one week ago last Sunday. 

The committee appointed at the meeting of those 
interested in base-ball and desirous of formino; a 



more effectual association, are now ready to receive 
the amount of your subscriptions. 

The 79th Annual Catalogue of Bowdoin College 
is now ready and can be obtained at the Treasurer's 
Office. 

Instructor Cole gave the Freshman class a very 
interesting lecture on the Second Punic War, Monday 
morning, Jan. 10. 

The Juniors now rejoice in having lectures and 
experiments alternate with their recitations in Physics 
to Prof. Carmichael. 

Bailey, '84, who was out of college the last part 
of last term on account of trouble with his eyes, has 
decided not to return. 

Any of our readers who can inform us where one 
or more copies of the '79 Bugle can be obtained, will 
confer a favor by doing so. 

Topsham adds, during these excellent winter 
evenings, another to her many attractions for college 
students in the line of coasting. 

Brunswick ice cutters have given the students an 
excellent chance to show their abilities as skaters, at 
a short distance above the bridge. 

The Seniors now have six hours recitation in Psy- 
chology per week, with two hours of familiar discus- 
sion on a topic assigned by the Professor. 

The class officers for the present term are as fol- 
lows : Senior, Prof. Ladd ; Junior, Instructor John- 
son ; Sophomore, Instructor Cole ; Freshman, Prof. 
Avery. 

Our Managing Editor sends in a reasonable excuse 
for absence from duty on this number. He is tutor- 
ing female applicants for admission to Bangor High 
School. 

Smith, '81, represented his society chapter at the 
annual meeting of the Zeta Psi Fraternity, held at 
Toronto, Canada, Wednesday and Thursday, January 
5th and 6th. 

The Orient gracefully submitted to the decree of 
the Faculty and the term opened Tuesday, Jan. 4th, 
instead of Wednesday, the 5th, as we stated in our 
last number. 

Gardner, '81, is teaching at Kittery Depot, Me., 
and has resigned his position of Captain of the Col- 
lege Nine on account of his absence during the most 
of the term. 

One of our Seniors at present out teaching writes 
the following daily programme of exercises in his 
school : 

From 9 to 9.20 a.m., Reading of the Bible, especial 
attention being given to the ancient methods of con- 
ducting warfare. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



149 



9.20 to 10 A.M., Hand-to-hand contest with the 
older male scholars. 

10 to 11 A.M., Grfeco-Roman wrestling match. 

11 to 11.45 A.M., Collar-and-elbow wrestling bouts. 
11.45 to 12 A.M., Gathering up the debris. 

1 to 2 P.M., Casting of inli bottles, books, etc., 
after the manner of the ancient cestus. 

2 to 3 P.M., Conciliation of the older girls. 

3 to 3.30 P.M., Temporary suspension of hostili- 
ties, during which recitations in Arithmetic, Geogra- 
phy, and Spelling are rushed through. 

3.30 to 4 P.M., Grand wind-up for the day by the 
whole strength of the institution, ending in a "rough- 
and-tumble, knock-down and drag-out." 

N. B. — Arnica furnished by the district. 



FERSOHAL. 



[We earnestly solicit commuuications to this colunm 
from any who may have au interest in the Ahimni.] 

'34. — Hon Peleg W. Chandler has recently issued 
his long promised volume, " Reminiscences of Gov. 
John A. Andrew." Gov. Andrew graduated in '31, 
was a college mate and life-long friend of the dis- 
tinguished author, and as a consequence the book is 
doubly interesting. 

'34. — Henry Boynton Smith ; His Life and Work. 
Edited by his wife. With portrait on steel by 
Ritchie. New York: A. C. Armstrong & Co. Prof. 
Smith entered Bowdoin at fifteen, where he gradu- 
ated in due course, and where he was converted 
during his Senior year; entered Andover in 18-"J4. 
He laid the foundation for the large and exact 
scholarship, for which he was distinguished, in 
Germany. Having filled the chair of Mental and 
Moral Philosophy in Amherst, he was called to the 
Seminary in New York City, where he served with 
signal ability for twenty-seven years. 

'41. — Rev. R. B. Thurston has resigned his posi- 
tion as pastor of the Congregationalist Church at 
Saybrook, Conn. 

'50.— Gen. Oliver 0. Howard has been appointed 
Commander at West Point. 

'57.— F. Waterhouse, formerly Principal of the 
Newton High School, has been appointed Head 
Master of the Boston English High School. 

'61. — S. M. Finger has been elected State Sena- 
tor from Catawba County, N. C. 

'62.— F. A. Hill, formerly Principal of the Chel- 
sea High School, will succeed Mr. Waterhouse as 
Principal of the Newton High School. 

'62. — Gen. C. P. Mattocks has been appointed 
commissioner from Maine to superintend arrange- 
ments for the Yorktown centennial to be celebrated 
in October, 1881. 

'71.— Kingsbury Bachelder, Principal of Maine 
Central Institute, was recently offered the position 
of Professor in Greek at Hillsdale College, Michigan, 
but was obliged to decline on account of his present 
engagement. 

'71.— Augustine Simmons has opened a law office 
in New Portland, as the successor of the late Chas. 
L. Jones, Esq. 



'75.— D. M. McPherson is United States mail 
agent on the Grand Trunk Railway between Gor- 
ham. N. H., and Portland, Me. 

'76.— Sargent married Miss Ada M. Leland of 
Eastport, Dec. 20, 1880. 

'76. — Stimson is agent of I. & C. Elevator, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

'76. —Charles D. Jameson, son of the late Gen. 
C. D. Jameson, of Bangor, has received an appoint- 
ment as civil engineer on the new Mexican Central 
Railway, which will run from the City of Mexico to 
El Paso, on the Texas border. The money has been 
already provided for the building of this road, and 
the work is being pushed forward as rapidly as pos- 
sible. Young Jameson has resigned his position as 
civil engineer on the Memphis & Charleston rail- 
road, a position he has occupied for the past three 
years, and has left Memphis for Mexico. 

'77. — L. A. Stanwood is Principal of Public 
Schools, West Bend, Wis. 

^17 . — Chapman, formerly in the offlce of Stront 
& Holmes, Portland, is now sthdyiug in the Cam- 
bridge Law School. 

'11. — Ingalls is on the surgical house staff of the 
Woman's Hospital, New York City, appointed for 
eighteen months from April 1, 1880. 

'77.— Dunbar is editor and publisher of the Vil- 
laqe Herald and Lincoln Eecord of Damariscotta, 
Me., a weekly local newspaper with a circulation of 
1000 copies. 

'78. —Geo. W. Phillips has gone to New York to 
complete his medical education. 

'79.— F. M. Byron is ticket agent at the Michi- 
gan Central Railroad Depot, Chicago. 

'79.— W. G. Davis was married Dec. 8th to Miss 
Mary R. Wildes of Skowhegan. 

'79.— A. H. Pennell is a member of the Junior 
class of Yale Theological School. 

'80. — H. R. Giveen has passed the examination 
for teachers of the highest grade of public schools 
in California. 

'80. — Bartlett is at present engaged in writing 
Connty Histories of Iowa. Address, Independence, 
Buchanan County, Iowa. 



COLLEGE WORLD. 



Yale is to have no more Simday morning chapel 
and there is rejoicing accordingly. 

Rhetoricals, except for the two lower classes, are 
" a thing of the past " at Amherst. 

Morning chapel at Harvard has been dis- 
continued. No more can the Harvard Senior 
go to chapel in his robe de nuit, eye-glasses and 
ulster ; no more can the Cambridge student eat his 
morning meal with overcoat on, hat in hand, and 
take a toothprick and run. Morning chapel has its 
uses. It cultivates self-control, as profanity then 
becomes a besetting sin. It swells the doctor's bills, 
by increasing dyspepsia. It is conducive to early 
rising and rapid toilet-making, and is splendid prac- 
tice for a hundred-yard dash. — Nassau Lit. viaEcho. 



150 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



CLIPPIKGS. 



A prospective medic enthusiastically declares 
that people in the hospital are just dying to be dis- 
sected. — BeJatrasco. 

Prof. — "Mr. M., what is the answer to the sec- 
ond question ? " Mr. M. (after waiting in vain to be 
prompted) — "Nobody seems to know, Professor." — 



Prof, of History — " Mr. S., what was the condi- 
tion of the clergy of the eleventh century?" Mr. 
S. — " Well, among the married clergy, celibacy was 
decidedly the exception." — Amherst Student. 

At dessert— Guests are telling anecdotes freely 
before the host's daughter. One says, " I heard a 
good thing the other day, but in the young lady's 
presence — " "Oh! nevermind me. Pray go on," 
says the young lady graciously, " I'll shut my eyes." 

Ad., long famous for his logical talents, has 
handed us the following syllogism, which he defies 
any one to disprove : " Two negatives make an 
affirmative. Wrong is the negative of right the 
afQrmative ; therefore two wrongs make a right." — 
BerMleyan. 

They talked Astronomy. "I wish 1 was a star," 
he said, smiling at his own poetic fancy. " I would 
rather you were a comet," she said, dreamingly. 
His heart beat tumultuously, and he asked, " And 
why?" "Oh," she said, with earnestness, "be- 
cause then you would only come round once every 
fifteen hundred years." — Ex. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 



The Trinity Tablet gives us the history of a beast 
in the college museum. "Meg was a lovely 
blonde. Her home was in Bnenos Ayres, and she 
was loved by all who knew her." Mr. Therium was 
the most favored suitor for her band. His parents 
were poor though dishonest, and be did not see how 
the wherewithal could be obtained for marrying the 
lovely Meg. He determined upon suicide in his de- 
spair of obtaining her. He determines to starve to 
death, and does so, with a little assistance from a 
file with which he had provided himself in case it 
should take too long to die in that way. After many 
years some naturalists discover, in this region, bones 
of which they could make nothing but the skeleton 
of a man. But as this was of too small consequence 
to science, they determined to manufacture some 
bones and build a beast to suit. They also found 
stone tablets describing the sad history of this pair, 
and, uniting their names as they themselves would 
have done, had not Fate been adverse, the result 
is a name for the animal — Megatherium. "If any of 
my readers doubt this story, let them examine the 
structure as it stands to-day in the cabinet, and 
they will find that part of it is not real." 



Richard Henry Dana, in a paper in Scribncr for 
November, on President Leonard Woods, relates a 
triumph of eloquence. One warm summer after- 
noon, nearly thirty years ago, he heard President 
Woods preach for an hour and a half to an audience 
which bad been used to set their mental chronome- 
ters to twenty or thirty minutes. Yet it was a case 
of " Conticuere omnes intentique orn tenebant." He 
says: "I can repeat, I think verbatim, many of its 
finest passages, and retain a clear memory of its 
thought and order." He has, at different times, met 
two men who, while talking about sermons, re- 
marked that the best sermon they ever heard was 
preached by President Woods on a certain occasion 
twenty or thirty years ago ! The subject of this 
remarkable discourse was " The Delayed Justice of 
God." 

The Colbij Echo for January sends out a " Holi- 
day Number " in gorgeous apparel. New type in its 
heading is also noticeable. The Echo remarks, on 
the subject of college education : " In some colleges 
the studies are largely elective, thus allowing the 
student to specialize bis course. In others, among 
them Colby, the studies are chiefly compulsory, since 
it is thought that all students need substantially the 
same education. The second is, we think, the true 
view." There is some truth herein, for, as the Echo 
adds further: "In civilized life the different classes 
and professions are brought into close relations with 
each other. As members of society men should have 
broad, not narrow, views. Yet narrow-miudedness 
is what a special education in college tends to give." 
It does not seem to us necessarily true that electives 
should bring about such an undesirable result, par- 
ticularly where, as with us, the elective system is 
chiefly ontheprincipleof further pursuance of studies 
already taken to some extent. While we do not advo- 
cate electives at the beginning of a course, yet we 
think that in the latter part some electives may be 
profitably introduced. 

Lafayette College Journal is wholly devoted to an 
account of the re-dedication ceremonies of Pardee 
Hall, with a description of the building, which was 
burned in June last. Among the speakers were 
President Hayes and Hon. Horace Maynard, Post- 
master General. 

Very ajpiyropos to the condition of things in this 
section of the country is this remark from the Knox 
Student : " We wonder if it wouldn't be a good plan 
to publish in the Student a record of the Faculty's 
attendance at morning prayers? They argue that 
by keeping a record of our attendance, they make 
such attendance on our part more regular and con- 
stant. Perhaps, by adopting their rule, we might 
secure similar results in their case." 

Thanks are due for the copy of the Harvard 
Register before us. Anything of interest relating to 
Harvard College one can be sure of finding therein. 
This December number contains a portrait and 
sketch of James Russell Lowell, a " Letter to a 
Young Student " in regard to the study of English 
Literature, besides much other entertaining matter, 
with several illustrations. 



ffitwitia 




^=p=^ 



Vol X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JANUARY 26, 1881. 



No. 13. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OP '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managiug Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editoi-. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll B. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance -, single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordi.illy invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Ofiice at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 



CONTENTS. 
Tol. X., No. 13.— January 26, 1881. 

Editorial Notes 151 

Literary: 

Our Beltlagon 154 

Communications : 

Positiveness 157 

Our "Subjects" 159 

Next Field Day 160 

College Items ; 161 

Personal 162 

Clippings 162 



EDITORIAL HOTES. 



Near the close of last term a meeting of 
all those interested in base-ball was held, in 
which the prospects for next season were dis- 
cussed and the expediencj' of reforming, or 
perhaps better reorganizing, the old associa- 
tion. The result of the meeting was the 
appointment of a committee to solicit volun- 
tary contributions to defray the running ex- 
pense of a nine for the coming season. 
Another meeting was held Wednesda3% Jfi"- 
12th, of this term, and the committee reported 



a subscription of about $325, with the pros- 
pect of additions from those who were out, 
engaged in teaching, or for other reasons. At 
this meeting another committee was appointed 
to change the old constitution in whatever 
manner thought best, and to report the fol- 
lowing Saturday, at which time this commit- 
tee brought in a new constitution, so imper- 
fect and insufficient had they judged the old 
one. It was read, and in the main accepted. 
Our new association, with such a constitu- 
tion so unlike tlie old one in all its essential 
points, has for its most prominent features, 
these : First — Membership to be gained only 
by annual subscription of at least one dollar, 
except active members of nine, who are 
always members. Second — Tlieir member- 
ship is to cease after the year for which they 
have subsci-ibed has expired, and the newly 
formed association has filled their oiEces and 
taken the places of those who forfeit their 
membership by refusal to renew their sub- 
scriptions. Thus the association is to have 
the advantage of being composed of those 
who are expressedly interested in the base- 
ball season during which the^' are members, 
and providing for its continuance from one 
year to another by suitable articles and 
sections. 



The winter term is here, as in many other 
colleges, the sickliest of the year, and entails 
a far greater bill on the "Average Repairs" 
to send the excuses for the term to the parents 
and guardians, in accordance with our well- 
known regulation. But the sickness in col- 
lege this term is quite as remarkable in its 
quality as for its quantity, for but seldom 



152 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



does it amount to more than a necessary 
absence from chapel for the term, — sore 
throats and colds from early morning air, of 
course,-^-qr it may be two or three days dur- 
ing a huge storm, before some hard exami- 
nation, or after a new novel has been issued. 
Evening air is considered generally very 
beneficial for such diseases, though the 
doctor and druggist is quite often consulted 
during the day. That is the principal com- 
plaint here, and in this respect we are 
much favored over many of the other 
colleges. Princeton's epidemic, it is to be 
hoped, will never again visit an American 
college, and Princeton claims it will certainly 
not visit them again, since their new sanitary 
regulations and improvements. Harvard seems 
to have quite recovered from its severe attack 
of measles of last term, and appears quite able 
to resume its ordinary duties of base-ball, boat- 
ing at the new gymnasium, and Memorial Hall. 
This winter Brovs'n is the especially afflicted 
one. The Providence Journal has published an 
article severely criticising the dormitory sys- 
tem there, and demands some reformation in 
the health regulations of the college. No 
paper has, as yet, ventured to investigate the 
cause of the remarkable amount of illness 
here, but when one does, and discusses the 
subject thoroughly and justly, it must con- 
elude that the chief source of disease is the 
system of marks, as conducted at present, and 
the evident premium that is put upon that 
method of obtaining the granting of excuses. 



As the Acta has truly remarked, dullness 
seems to pervade, at present, the entire college 
world, and despite some spasmodic attempts 
to introduce some little excitement over col- 
legiate and inter-collegiate matters, it seems 
most likely to continue through the winter. 
This period of quiet has come very appropri- 
ately, in which may be settled many of those 
matters of moment which have arisen in our 
college life. Who are the rightful foot^ball 



champions, and how do such ancient and 
dignified institutions as Yale and Princeton 
appear while really engaged in quarreling ? 
Will Cornell go to England and bring back 
the trophies that are anticipated, and if so 
will wind or muscle gain the most glory ? 
Should not the Acta meet the Targum accord- 
ing to the rules of the A. P. R., instead of as 
at present, and if so who shall be the referee, 
the Oherlin or the Niagara man? Can the 
University of Pennsylvania riot ever be con- 
doned? Should not the Index be made to 
resume its ancient occupation, and the Review 
to republish its tracts on the sinfulness of 
sports as at present conducted in the Eastern 
colleges? The final settlement of such ques- 
tions would, at least, relieve some apprehension, 
even if they could not furnish any positive 
diversion. The sick and afflicted can also be 
visited and comforted ; and to one interested 
at all in a new science, Meterology, as at 
present conducted by Vennor, would furnish 
work for the winter. Such minor matters as 
study can receive som£what more attention 
this winter while there are no events of greater 
importance to divert the student body, and 
certainly this is the golden opportunity to 
recruit our energies for the hard and stirring 
labors of the coming spring. 



Now that the Seniors are so nearly through 
with the subject of Political Economy there 
seems to be a general impression that there 
is more that can yet be learned by them, 
although the college course does not afford 
the opportunity. Unless one has a special 
predilection for those studies it is extremely 
dull and often quite piofitless to undertake 
them alone, but by the mutual discussion, 
criticism, and research that is possible by 
members, new interest and even enthusiasm 
may be generated in those hitherto almost 
profitless branches. What we lack here now 
is this mutual aid outside of the class-room, 
and the surest and best way to secure this 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



153 



would seem to be the formation here of a 
Society for the Advancement of Political 
Science, and enter into correspondence with 
the other societies of this kind throughout 
the country. This plan is certainly a feasible 
one and would require but little time, but 
comparatively little expense, and be capa- 
ble of great benefit to all who may become 
interested in it. Immediately, or in any event 
before Political Economy is finished, such an 
organization should be discussed, and if pos- 
sible an association formed, devoted to the 
study of those Political Sciences of which 
there now exists so great a need of intelligent 
understanding and practice. 



The boating men seem to have lost all 
ambition and interest, and such a thing as 
work in the " Gym " this term does not seem 
to have entered their heads. The base-ball 
men are doing just what is required of them, 
and are setting a worthy example to the other 
interests in college of working hard and 
steadily. The drill men also will be in train- 
ing constantlj' through the winter, and this, 
an optional college duty, makes it especially 
noticeable. Since the " Gym " is now heated 
by the college and tended by some of the 
drill men there can be no excuse for any to 
remain away longer, save for the apathy or 
worse that seems to have befallen them. 
With the continuance of this state of affairs 
there can be but one result, poor records and 
uninteresting races for this year, and the total 
collapse of the boating interest after the de- 
parture of the two upper classes. The lower 
classes have not, nor should they be ex- 
pected to have, the same regard for boating as 
have theupperclassmen, audit is very evident 
that as they are at present, no crews chosen, 
boats either not bought or not paid for, that it 
would require but little to turn them entirely 
from the sport. We have an abundance of 
time and material to do something for next 
season if we begin work immediately, and 



those who have the responsibility for such 
matters must either take the initiative, or 
understand that the consequences for this 
lamentable state of affairs lies directly upon 
themselves. 



One of the very best cures for absent- 
mindedness would be to traverse our college 
walks, in the condition that they were, and 
indulge in the favorite occupation of specu- 
lating on celestial objects. For the very stars 
of which one may be thinking he frequently 
sees, and several times, even in passing from 
one building to another, unless he exercises 
more than ordinary care, or the common ex- 
perience of man has failed in this instance. 
For the illustration and a clear understanding 
of physical geography nothing could be better 
than a study of our walks. We have mount- 
ains there, in ranges and isolated peaks, and 
in all possible directions. Valleys also, from 
gentle slopes and undulations to the pits 
beneath precipitous ravines and jagged gorges. 
Plateaus of all heights and descriptions, some 
elevated, some depressed, and no two exactly 
on a level. Oceans, baj's, rivers as well, all 
complete and ready for business, only await- 
ing the next genial thaw and the introduction 
of water. Glaciers and slips, too, we have 
in every variety, of all sizes and in all 
places, and every one of course intensely 
active. As usual, blame is attached to no 
one for this interesting state of affairs, 
except to the clerk of the weather, and he 
hearkens not to such cries and groans as now 
proceed from the agonized ones. 

Some one in his ignorance, probably a 
Freshman, has suggested that ashes, gravel, 
and the like, be spread over the slippery 
places to prevent these many accidents and 
the hard and harsh words unavoidably follow- 
ing. Woe to such ignorance ! It is not the 
custom for the janitor here to spread these 
favors during the winter months, but to care- 
fully wait till the balmy days of spring when 



154 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the mud is well dried and a man dares to black 
his boots for the first time ; then, in the full of 
the moon, are the ashes carefully piled in the 
middle of the walks, to remind him with the 
new spring suit that pride must have a fall, 
and all is not in vanity. That is the proper 
time and place for ashes, and those who so 
earnestly demand their use on our icy walks 
at this season, display only their own igno- 
rance and not the culpability of the au- 
thorities. 



Following the spirit of the communication 
in the last issue of the Oktent for last term, 
there seems to have been a remarkable re- 
vival of interest in the drill department, and 
faithful, optional work is now being done by 
many of those enlisted. For the past few 
years the drill has undoubtedly been in disre- 
pute among many of the students, though the 
justice of this singular feeling would be un- 
doubtedly open to exception, and it has been 
impossible to realize the benefits that would 
accrue from the instruction with sufficient 
time and numbers. Under the new scheme 
the drill promises to have a fair chance, and it 
is assured that under the present energetic 
management and with the present enthusiasm, 
that the best possible results will be attained ; 
and then the comparison can be justly made 
of the promises and expectations that have 
been so often put forward by the friends of 
the drill in the past, with the actual profit 
that is possible. Enough men from the two 
lower classes have signed for two years to 
insure the money referred to in the communi- 
cation, and that alone will be of great advan- 
tage to the department, aside from the fact 
that numbers and time is assured to carry out 
the plans that have been proposed. The 
drill this term is optional, but the interest in 
it is increasing, and goodlj- numbers seem to 
tri-weakly climb from the awkward squad 
to the heights attained by their patient and 
■proficient instructors. 



LITERARY. 

OUR BELDAGON. 

A TRUE TALE OF A SOPHOMORE OE TODAY. 

My chum and myself had always a linger- 
ing fondness for cats, but as Freshmen of 
course we did not dare to indulge as we 
would in our felines. But at the very begin- 
ning of our Sophomore year both of us de- 
termined that we would keep a cat ; so when 
my chum Tom received a letter from home 
informing him that his old beloved household 
cat. Tabby, had several little Tabbies, I readily 
accepted an invitation to accompany him home 
Thanksgiving for the purpose of selecting one 
for the room. Before the recess how we 
Sophomores did talk of what we would do 
and what comfort we would take when we 
had a pet cat, after our own heart, gently 
purring in front of the softly glowing grate ! 
We never tired of the theme, and had really 
raised quite an enthusiasm in the whole class 
before we left. Nor were we little " Sissies," 
or inclined at all to the sentimental, for we 
could smoke as much, sport tall hats and 
canes just as grandly, sing and, I am ashamed 
to say it, swear just as loud and long as the 
"brashest" of Sophomores; but even in our 
wildest riots of peanuts and cider, we did some- 
times think of home, and wish for even one 
little household pet. 

But Thanksgiving week came, and by the 
earliest train we arrived at Tom's home, where 
of course we had to tell all we did or said 
during the term, the good times we had, etc., 
and had the usual crowd of sympathizing 
listeners. To narrate all the fun we had for 
the week would be tedious, and I am almost 
ashamed to say that we didn't think of our 
kitten until the day before we returned, 
when Tom's mother brought out six little 
playful darlings for us to take our choice. Of 
course we couldn't agree, for Tom preferred 
a white-and-black one, and I chose a Maltese. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



155 



We argued the matter at considerable length, 
as Sophs always do, in a loud tone of voice, 
and with a good deal of emphasis, and as 
usual got no nearer settling it than when we 
began. After We had discussed about an 
hour, and both of us had got thoroughly- 
heated, right in the midst of our greatest con- 
fusion and uproar appeared Tom's favorite 
cousin, of whom he had always been raving 
to me, and whose picture adorned the centre 
of his table. Introductions and explanations 
followed, of course, and after stating anew our 
cases as plainly as we could, both of us agreed 
to leave it to her decision, for by this time I was 
quite as badly " mashed " as Tom, for the real- 
ity even exceeded his enthusiastic descriptions. 
After awhile she selected what we both 
thought was a beauty, of goodly proportions, 
playful, with fur pure black and white ; but 
there afterwards appeared, what was not then 
visible, a distinct dirty yellow band about the 
neck. We bore our feline tenderly away, 
and then sought to find a fitting appellation 
for our pet, for it was of the Sophomore per- 
suasion. Here again we were at variance, as 
I wanted a classical name, while Tom preferred 
some slang college term. Again we were 
forced to seek the opinion of the lovely 
cousin, and again she heard us as patiently as 
before ; and after watching for a time the 
gambols of our innocent pet, engaged then, 
perhaps, in some unusual diversion, she 
gave him the title Beldagon. It did seem to 
sound rather queer at first, sort of heathenish 
and foreign-like, but as uttered by those beau- 
tiful lips it certainly could not be bettered. 
Both of us returned to our college work with 
reluctance, for we had passed a very pleasant 
week and were leaving behind a fairy irre- 
sistibly bewitching to us both, and who was 
destined to afterwards be to our Beldagon a 
genuine guardian angel. When Tom and I 
spoke to her as we were leaving, she bade us 
a kindly adieu and urged us so sweetly to be 
thoughtful and good to our dear little pet. 



And well did we obey the mandate. We 
transported carefully and safely in our laps 
the basket in which Beldagon sleepily re- 
posed, though occasionally I would hear some 
real mean, low-lived remarks as to "what kind 
of boys those are who would carry cats in the 
cars," and they "wondered if their mothers 
would miss them any." But we didn't think 
of such disagreeable things as that long, and 
only dwelt on the pleasures of hope and -the 
last sweet smile of Cousin Ethel as she bade 
us be careful of our pet. 

We did care for him to the best of our 
ability, and he soon began to show the effects 
of it. The best of meat and milk was brought 
from the club three times per day for him, 
rain or shine ; and his new, bright rug, which, 
by the way, fair Ethel had sent him after he 
had been here about a week, was ever kept in 
the warmest place before the fire. No upper- 
classman was suffered to pull his tail or ears 
wantonly, for we are Sophs now, you remem- 
ber, and any Sophomore or Freshman who 
dared to maltreat Beldagon met with our 
eternal enmity, and I guess that some of them 
know what that means now. All that long 
winter term we enjoyed the society of our 
cat, even to our highest expectations, and 
weekly we sent and received notes from 
Ethel as to her beloved protege, each en- 
couraging us to be kind to him. 

As he grew larger he became very playful, 
but never vicious, and he would have been 
real handsome if it had not been for that dirty- 
yellow streak of which I spoke before. We 
soon forbid all smoking, card playing, or 
scuffling in the room for fear it would affect 
his nerves, and neither of us wanted a long, 
lank, frightened and wild-eyed cat chasing us 
around college. At the end of the term Bel- 
dagon got so large and handsome that we had 
him photographed sitting on his rug between 
Tom and myself, and we sent the picture to 
all of our numerous friends, the first, of course, 
to Ethel. 



156 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



When we went home vacations we left 
hmi in care of the lady who managed our 
club, and on our return we were always sur- 
prised to see how much he had grown and 
how wise he had become. When we had 
really got settled in the .spring term we no- 
ticed that Beldagon was not as contented as in 
the peaceful days of liis kitteuhood, but seemed 
more inclined to travel and see Avhat there 
was in the world and in things in general. 
He had incurred some reall_y bad habits, we 
feared, and many were tlie reprimands we 
gave him or read from Ethel's letters for his 
benefit, to wean or turn him from his perilous 
career. We were unsuccessful, of course. We 
might have known that when we stai'ted, so 
we wrote an extra long, pitiful complaint to 
Ethel, and asked what we should do. 

She only told us to be patient and do unto 
Beldagon just as we would have others do unto 
us. And we did. When he would come 
home at 4 or 5 o'clock in the morning, and 
yowl and scratch at our door or under our 
window, we would always get up and let him 
in ; and when, as now frequently happened, 
he came back with his face mangled and 
bleeding, his ears almost chewed off, his fur 
absent in some places, loose in others, dirty 
and bloody in what few spots there were 
left, we would always wash him carefully, 
bathe the wounded members, and prepare the 
warmest nest before the window for our 
afflicted but dutiful pet. For Ethel told us to 
be kind to him. We would then feed him ten- 
derly with warm milk and meat, cover him with 
our softest raiment, and after that, standing 
before Ethel's picture, as the guardian angel 
of Beldagon, we would clasp our hands 
tightly, take a long, fond, and lingering look, 
a deep and troubled sigh, and then hasten 
about our daily tasks. 

This continued for over a month, and his 
actions and hours kejjtgradually growing worse 
and worse. We would tell him what Ethel had 
to say of him, but it didn't affect him one bit. 



Oh, if it had only been humble. I, what 
wouldn't I have done for her ? As time went 
on our hearts, formerly so tender and true to 
him, began to harden, for now he began to 
come home with huge charges of buckshot 
and salt in various portions of his anatomy, in 
addition to the customarj^ damages ; and yet 
we dug it all out and did as before by him. 
Tom invariably held him firml}^ between his 
knees, and I operated with a pearl-handled 
knife which Ethel had given me. We did 
this with considerable regularity, till one 
morning he came home with his tail shot off 
and one leg broken, of course suffering much 
more than from the usual charges of shot. 
We had a " medic," whom we knew, set his 
leg, and we kept him as quiet as possible for 
two or three days, with the hopes that it 
would break up his fearfully bad habits which 
of late he had been so industriously pursuing. 
But it didn't. He escaped one night while 
we were down town calling on some friends, 
and we did not see him again for three or 
four days. 

And wliat a sight he was ! , Tail all gone, 
legs all spoiled but one, eyes almost clawed 
out, and ears entirely lost, while only here 
and there on his bloody and mangled back 
could be discerned dirty patches of fur re- 
minding us of what he once was. Oh, how 
different from the beautiful and spriglitly pet 
which the fair Ethel had given us but a few 
short months before ! We hardly knew what 
to do with him then. He spoiled the rug 
Ethel gave him, and we had to trade it off to 
the " yaggers " for tvi'o spittoon cleanings. 
We next made a nice box and lined it with 
the softest of our flannels, and in a few days 
we had to burn that also. 

He became very irritable from his wounds, 
and the many scratches and festers on the 
faces and hands both of Tom and myself 
testified to his temper and our devotion to 
Ethel's commands. If it had not been for 
her, and our daily looks at her picture, and 



BOWDOm ORIENT. 



157 



the reraemlDraiice of what she had asked, I am 
afraid that Beldagon's life would have been 
at least a month shorter. But at last even 
we could stand it no longer. He was no com- 
fort to himself, no use to anybody, and surely 
a terrible trouble to us, and after we had sent 
to Ethel the full particulars, and got the re- 
quired permission, we determined upon an 
immediate execution. Tom made the bag out 
of our best pillow case, in memoriam, he said, 
for what had or might have been ; while I 
abstracted the shiny, brass weights of a neigh- 
boring trader as my share for the funeral. 

We caught him and put him into the bag, 
maimed, sore, and sick, but terribly ugly and 
vindicative ; and as we slid him in and heard 
him strike the bottom, we actually wept as 
we thought of him as he used to happily gam- 
bol as a kitten in our study, and then sadly 
wiped away the hot tears from our faces, leav- 
ing behind on them huge smooches of blood 
and dirt, as received on our hands in our 
efforts to capture and bag him. We formed a 
short but sorrowful procession to the river, 
Tom and I alternately lugging the burden, 
and anon as w"e traveled we would recall some 
of the many pleasant virtues and graces of 
our now almost deceased. After our arrival 
at the river, lots were drawn, and I sadly cast 
the bundle into the dark, eddying waters. 

A splash, a frantic struggle, a smothered 
cr\', a few bubbles on the surface, and, as we 
supposed, all was over. Oh, 'twas there we 
made our mistake ! We took the longest way 
back to the building, and when we arrived 
found Beldagon quietly sleeping there on his 
rug. To say that we were astonished would 
hardly express our feelings. We could hardly 
credit our senses, and did not really believe 
him alive till after we had received several 
digs and scratches, while feeling to see if it 
was actually Beldagon. 

He lived in all his former peace and lux- 
ury for two days longer, and that need not 
have been the limit if he had kept his place. 



But on the third day he upset our Ethel's 
picture on the overturned ink-stand, and com- 
pletely spoiled that beautiful countenance. 
That settled him. I seized him by the head, 
Tom by the other end, and we bore him 
quickly to the water pitcher. All struggling, 
biting, and howling, I thrust my end in and 
steadied the pitcher, while Tom held his end 
firml}', both of us weeping bitterly both from 
the enormity of the deed, and from our nu- 
merous scratches and bites of the conflict. 
It was but a few minutes and all was over, 
and eyes and limbs were at last rigid and 
fixed in death. 

We buried him darkly in the water pitcher, 
as he lay in his death struggle, simply putting 
at the head a line to indicate that Beldagon he 
was, and that we were the owners. His grave 
was made at the foot of one of those old 
soughing monarchs of the forest, in the grove 
of ancient whispering pines, amid the softly 
rustling arches of our evergreen giants, back 
of our room. And there we laid him, where the 
gentle spring zephyrs will mournfully and ten- 
derly whisper sweet requiems to his memory ; 
and the little birds, that he loved so well, will 
warble their fond praises to the ever-listening 
ears of his saddened friends. Reqides-cat in 
pace. 

P. S. — Tom and I will not keep any more 
cats, as we had a letter from Ethel yesterday, 
in which she sent us a new picture, and told us 
that she was about to be married to the new 
Methodist minister. 



COMMUKICATIOKS. 



Editors of Orient : 

" I hate men who have always got an answer, 
there is no talking common sense with them." 

Such is one of the sensible remarks by 
which Disraeli shows, even in his most fan- 
tastical novels, that he possesses a more than 
ordinary mind. And who will not agree with 



158 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



him? Who has not been wearied and per- 
plexed by those who always have an opinion, 
are always sure it is light, and always'anxious 
to express it ? 

Confidens comes into my room ; we enter 
into a conversation which speedily becomes 
a discussion. For he is never content to 
calmly consider a subject and weigh the 
arguments for and against it, but he hastily 
jumps at conclusions, forms his opinion, if 
p'ossible contrary to mine, and with the per- 
sistency of a lawyer, when his case is going 
against him, endeavors to gain his point by 
the boldness of his assertions and the sophistry 
of his reasoning. He ridicules or denies my 
statements and dodges the real poiiit of the 
question, attempting to find some slight quib- 
ble by which he can turn the argument in his 
favor. He thus prevents the consideration of 
the question necessary for determining the 
truth, and I am forced to be silent. I venture 
upon some other topic, but it is ever the same ; 
he overwhelms me with a torrent of words, 
he twists the truth to suit his purpose, asserts 
everything, admits nothing, and is invincible. 
I, exhausted, sink back in my chair and am 
glad when he leaves. I turn to the pages of 
Cowper, the mildest of poets, and find that 
he also was troubled by bores of this kind : 

" Let your opinion at whatever pitch. 

Knots and impediments make something hitch, 

Adopt his own, 'tis equally in vain 

Your thread of argument is snapped again ; 

The wrangler rather than accord with you 

Will judge himself deceived and prove it too." 

Such a person is necessarily superficial 
but frequently plausible, as in his headlong 
haste he seizes on arguments, which, although 
apparently plain, are really most deceptive, 
and refuses to look deep and carefully into 
the subject. The especial province of such 
debaters is in politics and religion, for in noth- 
ing else do men beiieve so much for which 
they can give no good reason as in these 
subjects. 

Such a person has no respect for the views 



of others even if they have a much greater 
knowledge than he himself. If he is a Fresh- 
man he is outspoken in his hatred of all 
Sophomores, and is considered very cheeky. 
If a Sophomore he is chief in restraining the 
Freshmen, or rather in urging vigorous meas- 
ures against them, for his actions are in the 
inverse ratio to his words. If he has arrived 
at the enjoyment of his Junior ease, he talks 
science with the Professors and disputes on 
Psychology with the Seniors. If he is a 
dignified Senior— but all Seniors are so nearly 
alike in this respect, and their characteristics 
are so well known that it is needless to men- 
tion them. 

Nothing more delights a group of students 
than to draw two of these stubborn wranglers 
into a dispute and watch them weary them- 
selves to no purpose, neither being able to 
persuade the other, or by springing a trap on 
such a person to, in vulgar parlance, " Put 
him into his boots." 

Although one who cultivates such a man- 
ner of thinking unfits himself for seeing 
things in their true light, yet there is one 
occupation for which he possesses peculiar 
qualifications. In fact, the description of the 
requirements for a successful lawyer, as given 
by one of the most brilliant orators of the 
Irish bar, Richard Lalor Shiel, would well 
apply to the kind of person I have here been 
trying to describe : " He must not only sur- 
pass his competitors in the art of reasoning 
right from right principles — -the logic of com- 
mon life — but he must be equally an adept in 
reasoning right from wrong principles, and 
wrong from right ones. He must learn to 
glory in a perplexing sophistry, as in the dis- 
covery of an immortal truth. He must make 
up his mind and his face to demonstrate in 
open court, with all imaginable gravity that 
nonsense is replete with meaning, and that 
the clearest meaning is manifestly nonsense 
by construction. This is what is meant by 
' legal habits of thinking.' " 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



159 



If I should discuss this subject with one 
of these modern sophists, he would doubtless 
say that this positiveness is a most commend- 
able quality, as all great men are positive, 
and he would pour forth a multitude of ex- 
amples of those greatest in history, science, 
literature, and religion, who under difficulties 
have pushed on to success, even although the 
whole world has been against them, confident 
in their purpose. I should answer : " We 
remember them not only for their positiveness 
but for the justice of their cause. The kings 
and nobles who laughed at the theory of 
Columbus were as positive in their opinion 
as was Columbus himself. But are they even 
praised for their obstinacy ? Nothing is far- 
ther from my purpose than to condemn a 
reliance on truth and to speak lightly of that 
perseverance which accomplishes whatever 
good is done in the world, but when the pur- 
pose is bad, positiveness cannot be too greatly 
despised. There is one old maxim which 
explains this case exactly; it is, 'Be sure 
you're right, then go ahead.' Those who have 
benefited the human race have planted them- 
selves on firm principles, struggled and con- 
quered, while those who have rushed blindly 
on refusing to listen to reason, have hastened 
to their destruction." Jano. 



Editors of Orient : 

A correspondent in the last issue of the 
Orient while discussing the merits or, per- 
haps better, the demerits of the study of 
English composition as now conducted in our 
college, asserts as the cause of all the disin- 
terestedness now manifested towards this 
branch simply this, " the choice of subjects 
by the professor." 

Now, though we can fully agree with your 
correspondent that the subjects which he 
mentions are not such as would naturally 
interest the average Junior, and though we 
believe that the very nature of such subjects 



serves to make the task of theme-writing 
burdensome, yet we can easily imagine a 
worse state of affairs were each number 
allowed to select his own subject. 

True, there would be less work to do, and 
less mental exertion to make, and each mem- 
ber of the class would have ample opportunity 
to discuss subjects about which he might be 
interested, but would he obtain the real ben- 
efit of the study ? 

Now, as we understand it, the object of 
the study of English composition is to culti- 
vate and render more versatile the thinking 
powers of students, to strengthen and broaden 
their ideas, and more especially to fit them for 
the discussion of general, not particular toYiies 
in a clear and grammatical manner. 

Now if this IS the object of the study, 
could we attain it were we allowed to select 
our own subjects? In the case of a few con- 
scientious ones who were determined to derive 
all possible benefit from the study, we might 
answer, yes. But the majoritj^ of us, we 
think, would be more than likely to allow our 
hobbies to govern us in the selection of sub- 
jects, and turn our attention to those subjects 
about which we were personally interested, 
and upon which we could prepare the best 
essays with the least possible trouble ; and 
thus, though we might perfect our style, yet 
other than this we should derive very little 
good from the study. 

Undoubtedly it would be a good idea to 
occasionally allow students to select their own 
subjects for composition, as it would serve to 
relieve the monotony of being continually 
obliged to write on subjects proposed by 
another ; but if this plan were generally 
adopted we most assuredly believe that little 
or no intellectual benefit would result from it. 

Again, we ail know it to be a fact that 
when the choice of subjects is left with the 
student many old themes are brought into 
play, and thus the usefulness of the study is 
lost. 



160 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



We must confess our surprise at this state- 
ment made by your correspondent, namely, 
that themes " are simply hurried off in the 
shortest possible time with no preparation by 
thought or investigation." 

Now if we are able to discuss the " Benev- 
olence of the Law of Habit," and kindred 
subjects without thought or investigation, we 
must indeed be remarkable students, and cer- 
tainly have no reason to complain because 
such subjects are given to us. Perhaps your 
correspondent would wish to intimate by this 
statement that many, when such are given for 
discussion, instead of confining themselves to 
the subject in its literal sense, simply write 
off the prescribed number of pages of balder- 
dash, merely for the sake of getting the theme 
off their hands, with no thought or care of 
how senseless it may seem to the professor or 
any others who may hear it. 

Now, would anything be more absured 
than to think that a student who wastes his 
time by writing such meaningless stuff, and 
sacrifices his self-respect simplj^ because the 
subjects don't happen to suit him, would do 
any better if he had his choice of subjects? 
Certainly not. For, judging by the very 
laziness exhibited by him in this case, we 
could only infer that he would be the very 
one who, when the chance was offered him, 
would make use of his old themes and in 
every other possible way escape the trouble 
of composition-writing. 

Although we sincerely believe that sub- 
jects for composition ought to be prescribed 
by the professor, yet we heartily agree with 
your cori'espondent that there ought, and in 
order to have any enthusiasm in this study 
there must, be a change in the nature of the 
subjects. In these times when our country 
and indeed the whole world is agitated by 
political strife, agrarian troubles, financial 
operations, etc., certainly there can be no 
reason why subjects of practical interest 
cannot be chosen for us. C. 



Editors of Orient : 

Although quite early in the season yet it 
may not be out of place to call attention to 
the next Field Day, and if not too bold to 
offer a suggestion whereby a greater degree 
of interest may be felt and even better re- 
sults obtained than on previous occasions. 
Since this is the only time during the college 
year when a trial is made of the proficiencj'- 
and progress of the students in the sports, 
and since Field Day occurs in conjunction with 
Ivy Day, when many friends of the students 
are present, it behooves us on this occasion to 
make as good a showing as possible, and to 
do this every branch of athletics should be 
represented. It is not enough that the exer- 
cises of this day consists merely of contests 
in running, jumping, and the like, although 
well enough in themselves. There is need of 
greater variety, and as a remedy for this I 
would suggest that there be a few exercises 
by the proficients on the horizontal bar and 
in tumbling. 

Our attainment in base-ball and boating 
are both shown at this time, but the proficient 
department seems to be entirely left out, not- 
withstanding it is quite an important element 
in college gymnastics and should have a 
chance to display itself. 

Field Day must seem somewhat tame and 
uninteresting to those visitors who, on this 
occasion only, witness exercises of this kind. 
Would it not be well, therefore, to introduce 
something of this sort into our Field Day to 
give a greater variety of incidents and a more 
pleasing aspect to the occasion ? 

Last year an attempt was made to give a 
gymnastic exhibition in Lemont Hall, but 
was given up owing to the proposed inten- 
tion of sending a crew away to contend in 
the inter-collegiate regatta, the training for 
which drew away many of the proficients. 
The short time that those who intended to 
take part in the exhibition were in training, 
showed, however, that there was plenty of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



161 



material among the students which, if only 
properly trained, would be available for a 
project of this sort. The project proposed 
would not require near as much practice and 
training as to give an exhibition, and it would 
interfere not in the least with boating inter- 
ests. I think this can be made a success with 
comparative ease, if some competent person 
will take the matter in hand and carry it 
through. There is no need of carrying out 
any elaborate programme, but only the inter- 
spersing of a few graceful and easy acts. I 
hope the students, and the proficients in par- 
ticular, will think of this idea and lend their 
aid for its accomplishment. If this can be 
done I think the occasion will be more inter- 
esting to the spectators and more of a success 
for the association. Although this is a new 
plan here, yet it is tried in other colleges with 
success, and why can it not be successful here 
as well? D. 



COIxLEGE ITEMS. 



Thursday, Jan. 26th, is the Day of Prayer for 
Colleges. 

Thompson, formerly of 77, will complete his 
course with '81. 

Donovan, '81, is teaching in Phillips, and Lane, 
'81, in Oxford, Mass. 

A quartette from the Praying Circle will sing at 
prayers next Sunday afternoon. 

Gilbert, H. B. Wilson, '80, and Call, formerly a 
member of the same class, were in town Sunday, 
Jan. 16th. 

The Bowdoin Alumni Association of Bangor and 
vicinity will hold their annual meeting at the Bangor 
House, February 11th. 

The Senior examination upon the third part of 
Porter's Human Intellect, took place in the Senior 
recitation room, Thursday, Jan. 20th. 

The Senior recitation room has undergone quite a 
change. Fixed settees are substituted for the chairs, 
and adjustable rests for note-books and examination 
papers, are provided. 

The vestry of Elm Street Church was filled Thurs- 
day evening, Jan. 13th. Prof. Lee, of Bowdoin Col- 
lege, gave an interesting lecture on "Shells." He 
gave a full description of the common clam, making 
a detailed drawing on the blackboard, and using this 



as the type, gave a general description of mollusks. 
Old and young were interested. — Lewiston Journal. 

Our new catalogue tells us that we have 160 
undergraduates, of whom 49 are Seniors, 30 Juniors, 
37 Sophomores, and 44 Freshmen. There are 14 
from Portland. The Medics given, number 103. 

The recent donations to the college, up to this 
date, amoimt to $120,375, of which $75,000 is from 
Mrs. Stone, of Maiden ; $40,000 from Henry Wink- 
ley, of Philadelphia ; and $5,375 from other sources. 

The skating rink, after moving from Lemont to 
Dirigo, has become finally settled in the new box 
shop building. In this connection we clip the follow- 
ing from an exchange, as applicable : 

" Fill his breeches full of sponges — 

Freshie's going out to skitte ; 
He will need their yielding softness 
Whe he tries the figure 8." 

The Brunswick and Topsham Musical Association 
held their third and fourth meetings in the chemical 
lecture room, Tuesday evenings, .Jan. 11th and 18th. 
Nearly a hundred were in attendance at each session, 
mostly singers. Mr. Kotzschmar is highlj' esteemed 
as a teacher. The Jubilee selections will be used for 
the present. Tickets can be obtained of Mr. Ed. 
Chandler, at the box shop, at $2.50. There will 
be eight more lessons. There will be another term 
of twelve lessons if the interest continues. 

The Society for Political Education has just issued 
its first economic tract, of the series of 1880-81, 
entitled, " What is a Bank? What Services does it 
Perform?" by Edward Atkinson. It reviews in a 
brief way the functions of money, the difference 
between money and currency ; it shows the relation 
which the banks bear to the exchange of commodities 
and services, and, in simple language, sets forth the 
functions of a bank. It is entirely untechnical in its 
treatment, and many persons, unfamiliar with the 
subject but accustomed to think of it as a hidden 
mystery, will be sui-prised to find how simple are the 
operations of that wonderful modern financial agent 
— a bank. 

The last parliamentary exercise of the Senior 
class was held in the new mathematical room, Wed- 
nesday, Jan. 19th. Those appointed to take part 
were: Hathaway, Pres. ; King, Sec. ; F.L.Johnson, 
on the Main Question ; H. L. Johnson, on Amend- 
ments ; Hitchcock, to Prevent a Vote ; Harding and 
Green, to Bring a Vote. The President found it 
necessary to appoint Capt. Johnson, of the Bowdoin 
Cadets, as Sergeant-at-Arms to quell disorder which 
broke out during the meeting. The appointees for 
Wednesday, Feb. 2d, are : Fisher, Pres. ; Dike, Sec. ; 
Gray and McGillicuddy, on Main Question ; God- 
dard, on Postponement; Brown, on Previous Ques- 
tion ; Baxter, on Tabling the Question. 

Through the exertions of Capt. Johnson the roll of 
the drill department contains many more names than 
it has for years, and quite a " boom" has been started 
among the wearers of the blue and gray. Thus far 61 
have signed for next term, — 8 Seniors, 5 Juniors, 24 
Sophomores, 24 Freshmen. For two years 28 signa- 
tures have been obtained, — 15 Sophomores and 13 



162 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Freshmen. Instruction is now given in squad drill 
and school of company, three times per week, Mon- 
day, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 4.15 p.m. Thirty- 
two muskets have been issued thus far, to those who 
will drill this term and next, and the number will, 
probably, be increased to thirty-five or forty. Target 
practice is also held in the gymnasium, Wednesday 
and Saturday p.m., with targets and charges reduced 
proportional to the distance. The gymnasium is 
heated by continued fires as much as is possible consid- 
ering the numerous apertures for ventilation, the 
coal for this purpose being furnished by the college 
treasurer. It is desired now that enough men be 
obtained to form two companies for batallion drill, 
and it is to be hoped that the eiibrt will be successful. 



PERSOHAIx. 



["We earnestly solicit oummunicatinus to this ooluniu 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni] 

'41. — Hon. Frederic Robie has been re-elected a 
member of the Governor's Council for the ensuing 
two years. 

'41. — Hon. Washington Gilbert was presented by 
the members of the Sagadahoc Bar, with an elegant 
gold and ebony cane, on his retiring as Judge of the 
Supreme Court, which he has held for many years. 

'44. — Gen. Samuel J. Anderson, of the First Maine 
Congressional District, has served notice upon Hon. 
Thomas B. Reed that he will contest the latter's right 
to a seat in the 47th Congress. 

'50. — The Augusta correspondent of the Portlaiid 
Press says Congressman Frye is likely to be nomi- 
nated by acclamation as Republican candidate for U. S. 
Senator, to fill any vacancy that may be caused by 
Senator Blaine going into the Cabinet. 

'63. — Dr. Joseph McKeen, of Topsham, has re- 
cently died of heart disease, of which he has been 
ill some time. He was a grandson of President 
McKeen, and son of Treasurer McKeen, graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1853, from the Medical School in 
1856, and followed his profession in Topsham till 
his sudden death. 

'54. — John O. Robinson has removed from Thom- 
aston to Rockland, where he enters ujjon the duties 
of Attorney for Knox Connty. 

'60. — Congressman Reed, of Maine, is a candidate 
for the Speakership of the next House, since Mr. 
Frye's announcement that he would be a candidate 
for U. S. Senator in case of a vacancy. 

'61.— Gen. S. H. Manning, of Wilmington, N. C, 
formerly of Lewiston, was one of the delegates to 
the prohibition convention which met at Raleigh, 
N. C, Jan. 12th. 

'66. — Hon. Joseph A. Locke has been re-elected 
President of the Maine Senate. 

'68. — T. J. Emery is a member of the present 
Boston City Council. 

'77.- — W. T. Cobb was recently admitted to the bar 
at Rockland. 

'79. — G. W. Bourne is studying medicine at the 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. Address, 
127 South 13th St. 



CLIPPIKGS. 



There is one good thing about Sarah B.'s figure, 
any way. Very little goes to waist. — Ex. 

" Music hath charms to soothe the savage breast." 
This is why we see a whole brass band around a 
dog's neck. — Ex. 

" Cold cliapel calls collegiate congregations, 
Long, lingering lines luxurious lodges leave, 

Slow snow-ploughs scarce scrape sidewalk separations, 
Deep drifts deluding devotees deceive." 

There is a subtle distinction between the opera 
(Latin) of the Freshm.an, and the opera (Italian) of 
the Senior. — Beacon. 

Henry Wallace and Jane Wallace, his wife, have 
entered Wesleyan University as Freshmen. — Ex. 
Doubtless they are being well fitted together for a 
coming life. 

He appeared to be almost gone. Rolling his eyes 
to the partner of his bosom, he gasped, "Bury me 
'neath the weeping willow, and plant a single white 
rose above my head." " Oh, its no use," she snapped 
out, "your nose would scorch the roots." He got 
well. 

A dark-haired Junior availed himself of the recent 
snow to go sleigh riding with his auburn-hnired girl. 
Forgetful of all punctuation, when he saw her come 
to the door ready for the ride, he yelled, "Hello 
Ready!" She didn't go with him, and since then he 
has become a hardworking student. — Student Life. 

Tiny little letters 

On a little card. 
Help the jolly student' 

Answer questions hard. 

So the little ponies. 

Glanced at on the sly. 
Make the naughty Freshmen 

Soph'mores by and by. 

Be thou like the pony, 

Emulate the crib; 
Make some sad heart happy, 

Bid some fond heart lib.* 

* Ethiopian for live. Poetic license. Meredith. 
— Syracusan. 



Scribner's for February appears to be a very in- 
teresting number from the hasty glance we are able 
to give it at this writing. Its rather peculiar cover 
announces that it is the " Midwinter Number." The 
historical sketches of Peter the Great, are continued. 
Art, in two directions, is cared for by articles on the 
" Works of John LaFarge," and " Foreign Actors on 
the American Stage." A new serial story by Mrs. 
Burnett, " A Fair Barbarian," is commenced. This 
story is reprinted from Peterson^s Magazine on account 
of its particular excellence. All the articles are well 
illustrated. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 9, 1881. 



No. 14. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll B. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W. Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance 5 single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be durected to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. X., No. 14.— February 9, 1881. 

Editorial Notes 163 

Literary : 

Moonlight (poem) 166 

My Freshman Tear J66 

Some Objeotions to Our College in the State 168 

Bowdoin's Alumni 169 

College Items 171 

Personal 173 

Clippings 173 

Editors' Table 174 



EDITORIAL HOTES. 



Some explanation is certainly due to our 
readers for the slight delay of the present 
number, and it will doubtless suffice for sev- 
eral of our past issues. All the matter for 
the Orient was mailed as usual in our col- 
lege box at night, so as to be sent to the 
printer by the early train in the morning ; 
but by the negligence, or something worse, 
of the college mail carrier, it did not reach 
Lewiston until the middle of the afternoon, 
too late to have our proof come down Satur- 
day as usual. This has not been the first 



time this has happened, and on this account 
an explanation is given to shield the printer 
as well as ourselves from the needed blame. 



The advice which the President recently 
gave in regard to our next parliamentary meet- 
ing, it would seem should but be followed by 
the Seniors. In the past meetings there has 
been altogether too much quibbling, too many 
minor and unimportant points have been 
raised, and too much disposition has been 
manifested to "wind" the presiding officer. 
All this can be profitably dropped, and such 
discussions as were outlined will not only be 
interesting and instructive to those who 
partake, but to all, as well, who will follow 
the arguments in them. The members who 
have the matter in hand should early select a 
popular subject and report, that those who 
wish may have ample opportunity to prepare 
for an interesting debate on some really live 
question. 



This is the season for our alumni dinners, 
and amid the good cheer of reunion and gen- 
eral good fellowship we trust they will yet 
remember the needs of their Alma Mater, 
and at least discuss some means for providing 
for them. Our new gymnasium, which is yet 
a thing of the future, should by all means be 
worthy of the place it will hold in our daily 
college life. Our library, although extensive 
and excellent, is none too modern, and the 
fund for its annual increase can be very 
profitably enlarged, besides the catalogueing of 
the south wing, and, indeed, of the whole 
library, would be of great advantage to the 
students. Some of the professorships are not 
yet fully established, and some of the dormi- 



164 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



tories might be made considerably warmer 
without anj^ detriment to the interests of the 
institution. To be sure there has been much 
during the past year for which we may be 
thankful, but amid this it is always well to 
remember there is something yet to do in the 
future. 



The Seniors, at their last class meeting, in 
choosing Mr. Reed of Brunswick as class 
photographer, did the correct thing, and cer- 
tainly none too early. They can be assured 
now of fully as good pictures as could be 
obtained at either Portland or Boston, at far 
greater convenience, for less expense, and 
with greater chances for satisfaction, which 
has not always been the case with out-of-town 
pictures in the past. Besides all this, Mr. 
Reed has been a liberal and constant patron 
of both Okxent and Bugle, and has ever 
been generous to the other college interests, 
and this fact alone should be of great influ- 
ence in determining a choice. The committee 
should now haste to arrange the sittings, and 
as many of the class as can make it conven- 
ient should have theirs this term, that next 
term may not be any more crowded than is 
necessary. 



During the frigid portion of last week the 
heat was shut off from the main library as 
well as from the south wing, so that, as is 
alleged, the chapel may be warm enough for 
prayers. This amounted to practically clos- 
ing the library for that period, for it would be 
foolhardy and dangerous for one to remain 
there any length of time at a zero temperature, 
either to select books or consult references, 
and, as might be expected, but few did it. 
And this was all done that prayers might be 
held for a few minutes in the morning. Al- 
though this worked no hardship to the major- 
ity of Seniors with the burden of Psychology 
upon them, yet it illustrated well the views of 
the authorities as to the comparative value of 



the use of the library and compulsory attend- 
ance at prayers. We are already behind 
many of the best American colleges in the 
liberality of our chapel attendance, and this 
spirit will hardly serve to attract many new 
students within our walls, nor give those here 
any higher appreciation of those authorities 
who will practically close a valuable library, 
merely to muster together early on a frigid 
morning a hundred or so young men for 
chapel services, to which but few pretend to 
listen. 



The Bugle managers are again complain- 
ing of the lack of liberal support from the 
students, and it could with quite as good 
reason as the managers of last year. Out of 
an edition of 500 the}' have on hand nearly 
250, of which not over 100 now promise to be 
taken, leaving 150 to be paid for by the edit- 
ors ; and if it had not been for very careful 
management and the liberality of the adver- 
tisers, there would again have been a de- 
ficiency. The Bugle managers of '80 sold 
their whole edition easily, paying all their 
bills and leaving a handsome profit to the 
editors, although this Bugle was smaller and 
less costly than either that of '81 or '82. '81, 
as is well known, was a failure financially, 
although the class was one of the largest for 
many years; and '82 now presents the same 
doleful tale, and predicts that unless better 
support is guaranteed in the future that our 
annual publication is doomed to a speedy 
death. And with very good reason. The 
Biogle was formerly well backed by the stu- 
dents. Four hundred copies of the edition 
were invariably sold, although the classes 
were no larger than those at present, and if 
the present state of affairs continues it can but 
be presumed that the old generous spirit of 
loyalty and sacrifice to support college cus- 
toms and institutions has departed with the 
classes of the last few years. What Bugles 
remain in the hands of the editors of this year 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



165 



should be taken. It would be but one for 
each man, but by it the success, both literary 
and financial, of future Bugles is assured, and 
one of the most enjoyable features of our col- 
lege life will not be allowed to die for want 
of sufficient support. 



Now that the ordinary Senior is through 
with Psychology, it is surely in order for him 
to look behind and try to think of what value 
has been the college work of the past half 
year, for Psychology has really usurped all 
the other work for that period. We have 
gone through very carefully a huge volume 
of 660 pages in a term and almost a half, with 
four exercises per week for the term, eight for 
the half term, of which six were recitations. 
For nearly all the class three-quarters of the 
time, and some have even spent quite all their 
available time upon this single study, and fre- 
quently only a " dead " or '• two strike " would 
be the class-room reward for these hours of 
labor. Nearly eveiythiug else has been ex- 
cluded, reading, writing, calling, or pursuing 
any study to one's taste. Mattering not what 
a man's time may be worth or his proclivities 
may be, he has been ground to this distasteful 
and to him almost profitless bianch only to grat- 
ify the whim of some who imagine that students 
must all be metaphysical philosophers. At 
the end of all this we may well ask, What has 
been the result ? It has been, as all concerned 
are aware, eminently unsatisfactory to the 
whole Senior class, to put it mildly ; it has 
taken from such studies as Political Economy, 
Constitutional Law, English Law, and His- 
tory fully one-third of actual time for recita- 
tion, besides nearly all the time for study and 
outside reading on these subjects; it has 
caused discontent in the class and thence 
among the other students, that in a curriculum 
which contains so many good points that such 
a study, and pursued in such a manner, should 
receive the best working part of our Senior 
year ; it has discouraged men in the Senior 



and lower classes with the results of their 
college work, and, conducted in the manner 
that it is, must be a special hardship on men 
who are compelled to be absent from college 
for a time. One would reasonably expect 
from our new curriculum that he would be 
allowed considerable choice of studies during 
the year, but when he finds eight exercises 
compulsory in the most abstruse, unpopular, 
and unpractical department, and only four 
possible in any of the better ones, and when 
that eight really .requires, to merely keep 
along with the lessons, all the available hours 
for study, then he perceives that promises are 
delusive and things are not what they seem. 
That course as at present arranged, as the 
Faculty will have good reason to see if it is 
longer continued, is nothing but a huge impo- 
sition on the time, patience, and health of 
men daring Senior year, and almost as good 
reasons exist for having it compulsory upon 
the whole class, as do for having Higher Math- 
ematics during the whole four years' course. 
It is a universal sentiment among the Seniors 
that now they have borne faithfully the per- 
secution of eight exercises per week, that it 
should be stopped, and placed on an equality 
with the others, four per week. As to the 
next class, we can only commend them to the 
same tender mercies that we do ourselves, and 
if it be their fate to be ground down to two 
" inconceivables," only one of which, as Hamil- 
ton says, is necessary, then with us at the end 
they can cast this huge "• Intellect " upon the 
glowing coals and watch it slowly consume 
with fiendish glee, thinking meanwhile of the 
many and wretched hours that have been 
wasted over its pages. 



Inter-collegiate base-ball seems to be in a very 
flourishing condition. The association is an approved 
success. Brown has lost many of her best players 
and probably will not be able to fill their places to 
her satisfaction. Amherst will be as strong as usual. 
Dartmouth has engaged a professional coach and 
expects great things from her nine. 



166 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



LITERARY. 



MOONLIGHT. 

[At a literary club meeting at .Juclge ^VWtehouse's, in Augusta, 
last week, the following unpublishetl college poem by Hawthorne 
was read, wi-itten in 1825. The novelist was a shy young Senior 
in Bowdoin when he wrote the lines. Ho gave them to his chimi 
and classmate, Horatio Bridge, a brother of James Bridge, Esq., 
of Augusta. Last summer the yellow and wrinkled manuscript 
was shown to Hon. J. W. North, '60, who detected in it traces of 
genius.] 

We are beneath the dark blue skye, 
And the moon is shining bright. 

Oh, what can lift the soul so high 
As the gleam of a summer night? 

When all the gay are hushed to sleep, 

And they who mourn forget to weep 
Beneath the gentle light. 

Is there no holier, happier land 

Among those distant spheres, 
Where we may meet that shadow band, 

The dead of other years; 
Where all day long the moonbeams rest, 
And where, at length, the souls are blest 

Of those who dwell in tears ? 

Oh, if the happy ever leave 

The bowers of bliss on high, 
To cheer the hearts of those who grieve, 

And wipe the tear-drop drye. 
It is when moonlight sheds its ray, 
More pure and beautiful than they, 

And earth is like the skye ! 



MY FRESHMAN YEAR. 

I was a Freshman, that is on certain con- 
ditions, whicli, however trivial they may have 
seemed at first, I found quite important fac- 
tors in my college course. I did not aspire to 
lead my class — far from it. My ambition was 
to be hard and popular ; to say that I after- 
wards attained the first does not necessarily 
imply the latter, as many believe. I had 
heard that Freshmen were of but little con- 
sequence here, but in my case it was very 
different, for the first week I was the most 
sought for and most agreeably entertained of 
any man in college, — invited by everybody to 
their rooms, to their clubs, treated upon every 
opportunity to the best of fruit, nuts, con- 
fectionery, etc., that the town could furnish ; 
refused hundreds of cigarettes and cigars, for 
I had not as yet acquired the manly art. 



Each society wished me to join, and finally I 
pledged. Unhappy day ! I fell ! My glory 

vanished, — instead of Mr. , I was now 

called Freshie ; instead of being waited upon 
by every one at the table I now was told to 
carve the butter or turn the water for all. 

Well, my humiliation had but just begun 
when Saturday night came round, and retir- 
ing early I lay musing over my brilliant open- 
ing and sudden change, when I heard the 
tramp of many feet coming hastily up the 
stairs, and half as many voices crying, " More 
beef!" and " blood-er-er ! " You can imagine 
that I was not a little frightened when, enter- 
ing my room without the needless ceremony 
of rapping, they ordered me out of bed and 
on with my pants. In spite of all my past 
declarations of not being bulldozed by the 
Sophs, I complied. I thought I heard among 
them voices of those who had formerly been 
so kind to me. What followed seems a maze 
to me now. I climbed the table, endeavored 
to make a speech, and just as I was about to 
express my deepest respect for the Sophomore 
class, my mouth was filled with dirty water ' 
and my bare toes were smartly rapped with 
canes. I was told to dance. I exhibited my 
grace in that particular direction, keeping 
time all the while to the tapping of their 
canes. I then vaulted the door, ran the 
gauntlet, and finally, thanking them for their 
kind attendance and marked attention, I 
again retired a victim of hazing. My dreams 
were short that night and to the point. 

In the morning, with doggish looks and 
downcast countenance, I ate my breakfast 
and attended prayers. Nearly all day I 
scarcely spoke to any one and few of my 
classmates to me. Finally I ventured to 
make a confident of my troubles, and sur- 
prising enough he, too, had been hazed, so with 
number three and all the rest of the class. 
I felt better ; I was no longer alone in dis- 
grace and my misery had its company. 

Next week came the foot-ball game. I 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



167 



kicked in the front line the first rush, but was 
then sent to the rear for repairs. It was a 
hard fought game. I watched it after the 
first encounter and our men fought nobly. 
The rope-pull was not a success. We were 
dragged. I think we >might have won the 
base-ball game if the -Sophs had played fair, 
but they took advantage of their class piiority 
and bulldozed. I played first base and right 
field, — first base until a bigger fellow than I 
ran into me and I picked myself up in the 
field. I was anxious to remain there for 
it was my old position. I was better on 
. a fly ball than a liner. At the bat I did bet- 
ter. The first inning I got a baser and two 
or three wild balls under my ear. We lost 
the game. 

During the rest of the term I tried to 
enjoy myself, but suffered many drawbacks, 
such as leaving a nice silk umbrella in the 
chapel entry according to bulletin directions. 
I lost the umbrella. I spoiled my Christmas 
jackknife vainly endeavoring to pry up the 
cover to the mail box. I accepted a very 
flattering invitation through the mail to call 
upon the President ; found him quite agree- 
ably but rather surprised. I entered Bruns- 
wick society but found myself, even there, a 
Freshman. 

Vacation was welcome enough, and I 
enjoyed relating to my old associates, who 
stood around with open mouths and staring 
eyes, my exploits. How I cowed the whole 
Sophomore class on numerous occasions, which 
are as yet not on record ; how the Faculty 
all touched their hats to me; and how many 
tricks I played on the upper-classmen. I had 
sent home a Bugle which had attracted the 
attention of the towns-people to quite an 
extent, and it was only by diligence and 
energy that I explained how the title "Emerald 
Infant " signified, by its derivative meaning, a 
peculiar degree of natural aptitude and 
mother wit. 

The second term was the term of Fresh- 



man tricks. We felt like doing something to 
make ourselves illustrious. We were lost as 
to what we could do that was original, but, as 
a last resort, followed the prescribed curricu- 
lum and greased the blackboards, lugged out 
the stoves, dragged oif the windows, but 
were obliged to recite as usual, while the 
temperature was below zero and the professor 
exercised himself by walking around clad in 
a big overcoat, mittens, and scarf, amusing 
himself meantime by watching the boys on 
the back seat in their endeavors to utilize 
" fakirs " and " horse " leaves. The important 
feature of this term was a magnificent scheme 
of initiating a fellow Freshman into a secret 
society of our own getting up. We picked 
our victim. He was large, but pliable as we 
thought. We had the plan well laid ; two 
men were to fish him and get him into their 
room, when the whole society were to down 
him, lash and gag him, then we were to carry 
him to an unoccupied room on the fourth 
floor, where arrangements had been made to 
walk him up a mock flight of stairs, precipitate 
him into a barrel, lash the barrel to a door, 
and slide it down the four flights of stairs, 
rattling down coal hods, ash pans, etc., after 
him to make the ceremony more impressive ; 
then carrying him back to the room to try his 
nerves with a phosphorized skeleton. The 
initiation fee was to be the expense of a mag- 
nificent feast we had prepared, for our victim 
had a goodlj^ purse. Well, we pledged him, 
and upon the eventful night enticed him into 
my room, when our noble band rushed upon 
him. But alas for the scheme ! His strength, 
made giantly by fright, overpowered us, and 
leaving behind two black eyes and several 
fragments of what were once teeth, he dashed 
away leaving us the initiated and he the 
initiator. Our scheme had slumped through, 
and with sad hearts we cleared away the 
apparatus and deprived ourselves of the rest 
of that term's spending monej' by paying for 
the treat. About the middle of the term I 



168 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



was reminded that my natural Freshman 
credulity had not passed entirely away, by 
finding myself inveigled by a Junior into 
believing that the unpainted panels in the 
chapel were the results of scraping off of the 
pictures by a former class who had a " mean 
reputation." 

My third term was not fraught with many 
startling events. I prepared, one beautiful 
Sunday, in my new spring suit and kid gloves, 
to go to church for a " mash," but my brilliant 
outfit and hopes were dampened at the same 
time by a refreshing bucketful! of water. 
The final event of Freshman year was our 
class supper. Shall I ever forget it? We 
prepared to make a night of it when we took 
the train for Bath. We engaged rooms at the 
Sagadahock, and then entered the dining hall 
where the banquet was to be served. I was 
Poet. The Orator had left the class in 
speechless silence ; the Prophet had raised 
them into ecstacies by the brilliant future 
which he foretold for each one ; it but re- 
mained for the Poet to transport them from 
their feelings of earth born sons to those of 
angels — in their minds. I arose, and amid 
oppressive silence proceeded to unroll my 
manuscript. I read : " 2 pairs stockings, 10 
cents; 1 undershirt, mybest merino, 8 cents." 
It was too much. My attentive audience 
burst into an uproarious fit of laughter. I 
saw my mistake ; it was a roll of papers on 
which I had kept my washing account. I 
explained and sat down. The feast now 
began ; meat and wine flowed freely and I 
soon drowned my sorrow, or would have 
drowned it had not my stomach rejected such 
fiery potations. Again and again I tried, but 
it was in vain that I returned to the glass. 
My mind became dazed; I knew not where I 
was, — fruit, nuts, crackers, fancy pies, lobster 
salad, and turkey dressing flitted before my 
vision and rested upon various portions of my 
countenance. This I stood nobly until at 
last a mingled charge of ice cream and cran- 



berry sauce bespattered my shirt bosom and 
new white vest. It was too much ; I was 
wild, and, in mj frantic endeavor to avenge 
this atrocious insult, I seized the colored 
waitress around the waist, bore her shrieking 
from the banquet hall, cast her headlong into 
a half filled bath tub, and, standing majestically 
over her, exclaimed, "/S'zc semper tyrannis!" 
I fainted and fell headlong into the tub with 
her, and was borne away senseless by my 
comrades. I am a Sophomore, — my tale is 
done. 



SOME OBJECTIONS TO OUR COL- 
LEGE IN THE STATE. 

There have been three reasons which have 
made the attendance at our college less than 
it sliould have been, although at present they 
are having less effect upon our numbers than 
for several years previous. Still even now 
we cannot deny that, however false and un- 
grounded they are, they do in no small degree 
have their influence among certain classes of 
people in the State who of themselves know 
nothing about the inside of our college, and 
depend upon the knowledge of others, which 
in many cases is based upon the most bare- 
faced prejudice and religious bigotry. First 
we hear that parents refuse to send their sons 
here on account of hazing, and sometimes 
even the students themselves, awed and in- 
timidated by reports, do not wish to make of 
themselves prey for blood-thirsty Sophomores. 
That this reason is founded upon the past and 
not upon the present would need no denial to 
those who know us, but outside this belief is 
many times of much detriment, and there is 
but one way to answer it. 

Hazing in Bowdoin is a thing of the past. 
If those doubting this statement are not will- 
ing to candidly investigate the subject for 
themselves, and place implicit confidence in 
the glowing accounts of irresponsible news- 
paper reports, then we must suffer the results 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



169 



of these erroneous ideas, prevalent even novr 
in portions of the State. The second reason 
given is that it costs too much to send chil- 
dren here. This impression has gained its 
hold for several reasons, and iirst of all we 
think is the independent tone which charac- 
terizes the college, and of which we are proud. 
Our officials are ever ready to answer all in- 
quiries as regards expense or other matters 
here, but they do not, and we hope never will, 
belittle the standing of our college by going 
out of their course and soliciting, or, better, 
begging for students to swell the catalogue, 
promising tuition and room rent, or other 
pecuniary assistance, to those who wish to 
enter. It is our belief that those who attend 
this college do it or should do it for the good 
they receive, and not to do the college or de- 
nomination a favor. But is it so expensive 
here ? Surely the situation is not such as to 
make the necessities, such as fuel, board, etc., 
higher than elsewhere in the State, and if our 
tuition is sliglitly more we have iimple scholar- 
ships to balance tliat account. To decisively 
settle the matter of expense, it ought to be 
sulficient to know the large number of stu- 
dents of limited means who have graduated 
within the past few years, or who are in col- 
lege now. Does not the large number who 
are at present and who have lately been teach- 
ing indicate tliis fact ? But one principal fault 
that is found with us, and the one which is 
perhaps the most pernicious as it is the most 
unfounded, is that parents fear the immoral 
influence of the place. There are two ways 
in which we may well answer that. A boy, 
when he has reached an age sufficient to fit 
him for college, is at the critical stage of his 
life. Wherever he may be he is to be sur- 
rounded by evil and good, two forces, one of 
which is to master him. If you chain him 
away from all bad influences, it will have the 
effect in most cases to make him all the more 
inquisitive of evil ways and evil places when 
he shall again be free. If a man be made a 



slave to anything he will hate it naturally, 
whether good or bad, but let him choose of 
his own free will and his choice will be deci- 
sive. By refusing to allow a boy to attend a 
college on account of its immoral influence is 
to acknowledge the boy's weakness, and more- 
over to cultivate it, but if he is allowed to 
meet it, as he must at some time, and try it 
face to face, it tests and often makes the man. 
I feel justified in saying that there is not a 
graduate of the college who will not bear me 
out in stating that more boys who come here 
and perhaps pass through the first two years 
with bad habits are, to use a much abused and 
ill sounding word, reformed, and during the 
last two years feel and act the man. We 
must not answer the question in this way, but 
again resort to a simple denial and challenge 
contradiction. This college is not made up 
of a student body which you could justly call 
hard. We do not choose to go into compari- 
sons with other colleges on this score, not from 
any fear, but because we especially detest a 
spirit which we have often seen of tearing 
down tlie reputation of other institutions in 
order that by contrast our own may exhibit 
its grandeur. We do not claim tiiat we attend 
■A relatively worthy college, but one that stands 
out independent and worthy in and of itself. 
If it cannot stand thus as it should stand, then 
we say let it fall. Would that we might go 
into particulars ou this point, but space, not 
disposition, forbids. 



BOWDOIN'S ALUMNI. 

Our college has a body of alumni of which 
she may well be proud. A familiarity with 
the names of those who have gone forth from 
these college walls, to win distinction in vari- 
ous pursuits of life, will increase the loyalty of 
each one of us to our Alma Mater. Bowdoin 
students and graduates cannot study too long 
or too carefully the college triennials. As a 
stimulus to a more widely disseminated knowl- 



170 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



edge on this subject, we give the names and 
situations of some of the most prominent 
graduates. 

Considering first the clergy, we have in 
the class of 1809 the late Nathan Lord, LL.D., 
President of Dartmouth. In 1818, we find 
the names of Rufus Anderson, D.D., for many 
years most intimately connected with the for- 
eign missionary work, and author of various 
books on that subject; also the name of Ben- 
jamin Hale, D.D., Professor of Chemistry, 
Mineralogy, and Medical Jurisprudence in 
Dartmouth, and afterward President of Ho- 
bart College. In 1820, Jacob Abbot gradua- 
ted, who was Professor of Natural Philosophy 
and Mathematics at Amherst, and a well- 
known author of books for the young. In the 
class of 1824 we find the name of Calvin E. 
Stowe, D.D., who has held professorships of 
Natural and Revealed Religion, of the Latin 
and Greek Languages, and of Sacred Litera- 
ture, at various periods in Dai-tmouth, Bow- 
doin, and Andover Seminary. In 1825 are 
John S. C. Abbot, the historian ; George B. 
Cheever, pastor of the Church of the Puritans, 
Union Square, New York, and also a well- 
known author. In 1832 is the name of "Cyrus 
A. Bartol, D.D., well known as a minister of 
the gospel in Boston, and a writer of note ; 
also Daniel R. Goodwin, formerly Professor of 
Modern Languages in Bowdoin, afterward 
President of Trinit}' College, and now Dean 
of the Theological Seminar}' in Philadelphia. 
In 1833, Samuel Harris, D.D., who has been 
President of Bowdoin, Professor in Bangor 
Theological Seminary, and also in Yale Semi- 
nary. In 1834, Cyrus Hamlin, D.D., the mis- 
sionary, first President of Roberts College, 
Constantinople, and at present President of 
Middlebury College ; also Henry B. Smith, 
D.D., late Professor in the Union Theological 
Seminary, New York, who has been called the 
leader of American Theology. George L. 
Prentiss, D.D., class of 1835, was a prominent 
Presbyterian clergyman of Ne w York. George 



F. Magoun, class of 1841, is President of Iowa 
College. John Cotton Smith, of New York, 
class of 1847, is a well-known scholar and 
preacher. Prof. Egbert C. Smyth of Ando- 
ver, class of 1848, has established a reputation 
as a scholar and writer. Prof. Charles C. 
Everett, class of 1850, is well known in con- 
nection with his work at Harvard. John F. 
Spaulding, D.D., class of 1853, is doing honor 
to his Alma Mater as Missionary' Bishop of 
Colorado in the Episcopal Church. 

Among the eminent Bowdoin men in pol- 
itics we find in the class of 1815, Gov. Robert 
P. Dunlap of Maine, and George Evans, LL.D., 
United States Senator and member of the 
House from Maine, and for many years the 
old Whig leader. Class of 1823, William Pitt 
Fessenden, Representative and Senator from 
Maine, and Secretary of the Treasury of the 
United States. Class of 1824, Franklin Pierce, 
Representative and Senator from New Hamp- 
shire, and President of the United States. 
Class of 1825, James W. Bradbury, United 
States Senator from Maine. Class of 1826, 
S. S. Prentiss, Representative in Congress 
from Mississippi, and a famous orator and 
writer. Class of 1827, Alpheus Felch, Gov- 
ernor and Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Michigan, and United States Senator; also 
John P. Hale, the old and eloquent anti- 
slavery advocate. Representative and Senator 
from New Hampshire, and Minister to Spain. 
Class of 1830, Tliomas Drummond, Judge of 
United States Circuit Court, Chicago. Class 
of 1837, John A. Andrew, the famous old 
war Governor of Massachusetts. In the pres- 
ent House of Representatives, William W. 
Rice of Massachusetts, class of 1845 ; William 
P. Frye of Maine, class of 1850 ; William D. 
Washburn of Minnesota, class of 1854; and 
Thomas B. Reed of Maine, class of 1860. 

In literature, Nathaniel Hawthorne and 
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, class of 1825, 
have shed undying fame on the name of 
Bowdoin. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



171 



In the educational institutions of the 
country Bowdoin graduates have been yery 
prominent. In the class of 1832 we find 
John Johnston, late Professor of Mathe- 
matics in Wesleyan. In the class of 1833 
William H. Allen, President of Girard Col- 
lege. In the class of 1837, Dr. Fordyce 
Barker, Professor in Bellevue Medical Col- 
lege; George Woods, LL.D., President of 
Western University, Pennsylvania. In the 
class of 1840, Prof. Ezra Abbot of Harvard. 
In the class of 1850, Gen. O. O. Howard, 
Commandant at West Point. Class of 1851, 
Prof. William A. Packard of Princeton. 
Class of 1852, President J. L. Chamberlain 
of Bowdoin. Class of 1859, Prof. C. F. 
Brackett of Princeton. Class of 1861, Prof. 
A. S. Packard, Jr., of Brown University. 
And be it remembered that four of the eight 
Judges of the Supreme Court of Maine, that 
so boldly and ably stood for the rights of the 
people, were graduates of Bowdoin : Chief 
Justice John Appleton, '22 ; William G. 
Barrows, '39; William W. Virgin, '44; Joseph 
W. Symonds, '60. As might be expected, 
the professional, business, and political life of 
Maine has been and is largely influenced by 
the men who have come from Bowdoin, as is 
instanced by the positions which they hold, 
and in the regard in which they and the 
college are held by the people. 



COIxLEGE ITEMS. 



NOTICE. 
Mr. A. O. Reed is at present photographing 
twenty-four of the most valuable paintings and draw- 
ings in the Bowdoin collection. For the purpose of 
bringing these to public notice and interest, a sub- 
scription heading has been placed in Mr. J. M. 
Curtis's bookstore to collect the names of those en- 
gaging a set made up of these twenty-four photo- 
graphs at a cost of six dollars. The photograps are 
to average about seven inches in length and will be 
as wide as may be correspondingly. They will be 



furnished mounted on 10x12 inch gray mounts, and 
will be ready for delivery by April ; circumstances 
favoring, some weeks sooner. A complete list of the 
subjects cannot be given now ; it will include, how- 
ever, the names of Correggio, Giro Ferri, Domini- 
chino, Redi, Titian, Zucchero, Poussin, Van Dyck, 
Hogarth, Copley, Stuart, and others. H. J. 

There was a young K. A. Kadet 
Who knew not the war etiquette, 

When he came to salute, 

He got such a shoot 
Thiit he has not recovered as yet. 

There covers the bulletin-board 
A notice to Ack-a-ioard squad. 

And so the poor Prof. 

Has to take his bill off. 
And yield to th' belligerent horde. 

Pedagogues begin to return. 

Larrabee, '81, is at home sick. 

Look for Medics about this time. 

The head of the class has returned. 

The Seniors have begun Caldervyood's Ethics. 

Instructor S. V. Cole has a poem in the Ailaniio 
Monthly. 

This has been a grand week to borrow Fresh- 
men's coal and water. 

Seniors finished Psychology Feb. 4th, and are 
muchly elated over the same. 

Donovan, '81, has returned to finish the college 
term, and Reed, '82, has taken his school at Phillips. 

There was some good singing in the chapel Sun- 
day afternoon by a quartette from the Praying Circle. 

Pres. Chamberlain will be absent for a few weeks, 
and in his absence Lieut. Crawford will lecture to the 
Seniors. 

The exercise in Parliamentary Law has been 
postponed for a few weeks, owing to the press of 
work for the Seniors. 

Washington's birthday comes on Tuesday this 
year. It is a legal holiday. We hope the Faculty 
will appreciate the fact. 

The cadets had a meeting in the gymnasium, 
Saturday p.m., from 2 to 4, for target practice, in 
pursuance to a notice on the bulletin-board. Water- 
man, '84, made the best score, making 23 out of a 
possible 26. 

The President, in a recent lecture, stated it was 
possible for a government with a sword in one hand 
to ooiupel a poor man to accept the note it held in the 
other, but although it might be legal it would not be 
very tender. We don't wonder Prex complimented 
the Seniors for their forbearance and manliness to 
him, but he must remember there must be a limit to 
these deadly puns. 



172 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The new Board of Editors will be chosen Satur- 
day, March 19. Contributions for editorial honors 
should be flowing in. 

It has been suggested by one of the Professors 
that mattresses be provided for the Senior recitation 
room. Bring them along. 

Wilson is pitching to Rogers and Wright to 
Knapp every day in the "Gym." The nine will go 
into training February 14th. 

Achorn, represented the Bowdoin Chapter at the 
annual dinner of New England Association of Zeta 
Psi, held at Boston, Jan. 28th. 

Our chum has developed a sudden mania for 
Terpsichorean honors, making a specialty of clog 
and jig dancing, and truly life has become a burden. 

The opening lecture of the 61st course of the 
Medical School of Maine will be delivered on Thurs- 
day, Feb. 10th, at 3 o'clock p.m., by Prof. Israel T. 
Dana. 

J. W. Wilson, in behalf of Psi Upsilon, and H. 
L. Staples, for Zeta Psi, formally resigned their 
class day offices and refused to take any part in the 
same. 

At Senior class meeting, Feb. 2, on report of E. 
H. Chamberlin, Committee on Pictures, it was voted 
that A. O. Reed, of Brunswick, act as class photo- 
grapher. 

Bowdoin cadets have received an invitation to be 
present at the inauguration of Gen. Garfield. Some 
wicked one has expressed the hope that they will 
escort the Faculty there. 

The Seniors who elected English Literature, under 
Prof. Chapman, are to read, in the class, " The Pro- 
logue," " The Knightes " and " The Nonne Priestes 
of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales." 

Prof. A. S. Packard, on Friday evening of last 
week, delivered an address before the Bowdoin Phi- 
losophical Club, upon Nathaniel Hawthorne and S. S. 
Prentiss, graduates of the classes of 1825 and 1826. 

Summoning students to chapel these cold morn- 
ings is an imposition and a challenge to sickness and 
disease. The attendance of the majority of the 
Professors substantiates this statement, or casts a 
doubt on their devotion. 

X friend informs us that on Monday, as he was on 
the road to Bath, he found the small dwelling house 
in the angle between the Brunswick and Bay Bridge 
Roads, just burned to the ground — caught from a 
defective chimney. — Telegraph. We were sorry to 
learn this, but Bro. Tenney's friend was doubtless well 
informed of all the occurrences in that vicinity. 



Prof. — " Why are the wages of the working-men 
here higher than in England ? " Senior (standing 
about five minutes in silent meditation). Prof, 
(discouragedly continues) — "Excuse me for inter- 
rupting you, but it is because — " 

Scene : Psychology recitation room. Prof. — 
" Mr. W., will you please show the process of in- 
duction and deduction in Newton's discoveries ? " 
Mr. W. — "I think he discovered his electric ma- 
chine — " The rest of the answer was drowned in 
the applause which followed. 

Thursday, Jan. 27th, was observed as a day of 
prayer for the college. There were no regular col- 
lege exercises after the usual morning prayer in the 
chapel by Prof. Packard. The College Praying Cir- 
cle held a meeting at 10 a.m., after which Rev. Mr. 
Hinoks, of Portland, delivered a lecture before the 
students. Text: "I write unto you, young men, 
because ye are strong." 

Seme excellent changes have been made in the 
arrangement of the papers of the reading room. 
The Boston papers take up one row while the Maine 
papers another. The Christian papers have been 
hauled out from their usual stand behind the door and 
phiced over the New York papers. New York edit- 
ors should take the hint. Altogether the arrangement 
is the most convenient and desirable. 

The Judiciary Committee gave a hearing to Dr. 
Greene, of Portland, on his bill, " An Act for the 
promotion of medical science." It provides for the 
furnishing of subjects to the Maine Medical School 
for dissection and study of anatomy, the school fur- 
nishing to other parties in the State as wanted, the 
subject being those persons who die and are not 
claimed by friends, and who have to be buried at 
the public expense. 

Ah, who is that much muffled mao 
Whose grub is carried in a can, 
Who sleeps upon a wanning pan? 
The Senior. 

Who late at night will sing and yell, 
And toughest stories loudly tell, 
But sickens at the chapel bell? 
The Senior. 

Who rises when the prayer bells ring, 
And to his chum both harshly sing, 
" Say, did you my hot breakfast bring?" 
The Senior. 

Who that great scarf and ulster wears, 
Who for his bronchial tube so cares, 
That now he cannot attend prayers? 
The Senior. 

But who at eve can always go 
Through piercing wind and drifting snow. 
To tend the train or call below? 
The Senior. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



173 



The latest list of Bowdoin's men (1873) contains 
113 pages and names 1,766 graduates, of whom 1,181 
are alive. The clergymen among them number 324 
(226) . The venerable Professor Alpheus S. Packard, 
a graduate of '16, writing to us last Tuesday, says : 
"A new issue of our triennial will appear at the 
next Commencement. As to my ' History of the 
College ' I would .«ay we shall go to press as soon as 
the subscription list will justify. It will be an 
octavo volume of some 700 pages, perhaps more, 
with illustrations. The price to subscribers is $5. 
It will contain sketches of graduates from 1806 to 
1880:'— World. 

Freshie runs his legs a shdlcing. 
Soph, forgets he should be bold, 

Juuior leaves his chair a qiialiing. 
Senior mutters " Blast" the cold. 

Profs, up the paths go slumping. 

Noses blue and looking old, 
Hands and feet a thumping, thumping, 

Perhaps they are swearing at the cold. 

Of course the weather has been cold. It is 
known generally, we believe, that the winter is a 
severe one, but that don't excuse a man for springing 
such a piece of poetry at us. The idea of a Soph, 
forgetting to be bold. We set it down as a mistake 
at once. The youth referred to must have died or 
something; and then the "Junior leaves his chair a 
quaking." Now we fail to gather from that line 
whether the Junior or the chair was quaking. It 
should be more definite. And again talking about 
the Prof.'s nose being blue and looking old. Now 
we don't care a picayune whether a Prof.'s nose is 
blue or red, but we would like to know why his nose 
looks any older when it is blue than when the great 
drops of perspiration slowly meander down the 
intellectual proboscis on a sultry day in August. 
" Perhaps they are swearing at the cold," this 
wretched verse goes on to say. Well, suppose they 
are. Of course they are — that is they ought to be 
if they are not. It has been cold weather. 



PERSOHAIx. 



[We earnestly solicit communications to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

At the election of officers of the Maine Associa- 
tion of Soldiers and Sailors, the following were of 
the officers elected : President, Gen. J. L. Chamber- 
lain, '52; Vice Presidents, Gen. C. W. Roberts, '51, 
Gen. T. W. Hyde, '61, Gen. Francis Fessenden, '58, 
Col. T. H. Hubbard, '61, Col. A. W. Bradbury, '50 ; 



Treasurer, Col. Fred Robie, '41 ; Assistant Surgeon, 
Dr. A. C. Hamlin, '61. 

The following have been appointed on the staff 
of Gov. Plaisted: Col. F. E. Hitchcock, '68, Surgeon 
General; Co!. Lyman S. Strickland, '57, Aid de 
Camp. 

'50.— The last Harvard Register contains an arti- 
cle on the Harvard Divinity School, by Prof. C. C. 
Everett Dean of the School. 

'75. — ISIr. George C. Cressey has recently been 
appointed to the Chair of Modern Languages in 
Wasliburn College, Topeka, Kansas. Mr. Cressey 
has spent several years abroad fitting himself for 
such a professorship. 

'76. — Prince is in the office of the Toledo, Del- 
phus & Bm-lington Railroad, Frankfort, Ind. 

'77.— William T. Cobb lias been .appointed Jus- 
tice of Peace and Quorum by Gov. Plaisted. 

'77. — Samuel A. Melcher is now teaching at North 
Oxford, Mass. 

'79. — Mr. 0. C. S. Davies has been appointed 
dispensary clerk and assistant to the Board of Physi- 
cians at the Insane Asylum at Augusta. 

'80. — F. O. Purington has just finished a success- 
ful term of school at Bristol. 



CLIPPINGS. 



Diplomas at Princeton cost fourteen dollars and a 
half. 

One of Yale's most urgent needs is a new labora- 
tory. — News. 

Oberlin wants an Alumni Association and a Skat- 
ing Rink. Doubtless resulting from co-education. 

Two hundred and fifty-one of the three hundred 
and fifty-eight colleges in this country have been 
founded since 1850. 

"I never could be so soft as to call a girl my 
darling or my sheet anchor,'''' whispered a Junior the 
other day. — Oherlin Review. 

In the fellowships at Johns Hopkins University 
there are graduates from thirty different colleges, 
Yale having the greatest number, seven. 

The Graphic says that Pres. Porter was led to 
abolish Sunday morning chapel at Yale because it 
seriously interfered with Saturdaj' evening poker. 

The Yale alumni have presented the Yale Boat 
Club a steam launch, warranted to run twenty miles 
an hour, for a coaching-boat for the university crew. 



174 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Eooms in Harvard dormitories cost from $300 
down to $46 per year. Some students pay as high 
as $450 for rooms, and furnish them to suit their 
tastes. 

Columbia has an endowment of about $5,000,000, 
a Department of Arts, School of Mines, School of 
Law, and wants to be made a "real university." — 
Spectator. 

The University of Michigan has had a candy pull. 
This innocent recreation is usually confined to young 
ladies' boarding schools, and is sometimes indulged 
in at Oberlin. — Ex. 

Student on Back Seat to Student in Front — " Those 
scavengers have to handle some horribly nasty things, 
don't they?" S. iuF.— "Yes; oflfal." Total col- 
lapse of S. on B. S. 

Prof, in Psychology — "Can we conceive of any- 
thing as being out of time and still occupying space ? " 
Musical Student (thoughtfully) — "Yes, sir, a poor 
singer in a chorus.". — Ex. 

Two college graduates were talking of their 
comrades — " And Amboise ; he was badly deceived, 
was he not?" "No." "Why, he got married, 
didn't he?" "Yes." " That's what I meant." 

Boating is fun — when you win — but it costs a 
mint of money. '83, at Harvard, had to pay $2,500 
for their crew in Freshman year, while last year's 
navy cost Yale $5,500. — Nassau Lit. 

Some students of Bates 

At too easy rates 
Were getting (?) their stores of knowledge ; 

So each packed his trunk, 

And mustered the spunk, 
To travel to Bowdoin College. — liecord. 

A Boston paper speaks in the following "uncult- 
ured" way of the Harvard Freshmen: "When a 
Harvard student is found with a sign under his over- 
coat he is nearer being a man of letters than he ever 
will be again." 

The Seniors at Williams have only two recitations 
a day, in order that more time may be given to a 
course of reading connected with their subjects. — 
Columbia Spectator. What would our Faculty think 
of this arrangement ? 

Amherst College has given up the plan of having 
examinations at the end of the terms and years, and 
students are compelled to attend at least nine-tenths 
of the daily recitations in order to be promoted. So 
the Amherst man is, of all men, most happy. Grades 
abolished, chapel absences allowed to a reasonable 
extent, and the benefits that follow in the train of 
these innovations, all conduce to fill a man, not en- 
tirely case-hardened, with unalloyed contentment. 



There's a row (Rho) of Alpha Kappas, 
See their buttons shining yellow. 
And their laugh so blithe "and mellow, 
That's a charming gay young fellow. 

Oh, his uniform, uniform, alluring! 
Black stripe, color blue, the bluest, 
Shade song gives to hero truest, 
Pompon too for mention suest. 

Watch him drill before our window, much loved 
Order arms! Or arms right shoulder; [windows. 
Ready ! aim ! or fire ! My soldier 
Heeds the grace of warrior older. 

Now you recognize the picture, what a picture! 
R. A. K. Cadet, no other. 
Just like him, there's a blunder, 
Truly K. A. K.'s a wonder. 

— Adapted from Lantern. 

Following out the train of thought contained in 
his annual report, Pres. Eliot at the Yale dinner at 
Boston, referred to the multitude of little institutions, 
favored with the name of college or university, 
which have sprung up in the West, and suggested, 
as a method of extermination for these educational 
fungi, the early capture of their students, and the 
importation to Harvard and Yale of the more desii-- 
able of the members of the faculties. Now the 
Western papers will again begin the work of annihi- 
lating Pres. Eliot. 



EDITORS' TABLE. 

And now the Yale Courant lifteth up its voice 
against a compulsory second service on Sundays, and 
the Amherst Student saith that two-thirds of the Senior 
class are in favor of a t/m-d compulsory service, and 
advocates it as a step in the right direction. 

An alumnus writes to the 2'uftonian in regard to 
the obtuseness or the un-see-through-ability of the 
first seven "items" in the local columns of a recent 
number. They were as follows : 

"'Hey.' 'Oh, Aunt Em!' 'One cut for '83.' 
'Everything turned up side down.' ' Cassino has 
become popular on the Hill.' ' It is reported that 
(the) Snow is Buffeting.' ' Why ever did he do it ? ' 
It happened that when I read the above-quoted lines, 
I was favored with the company of a member of 
your college and one whose name appears upon the 
editorial staff. I asked for an explanation, and was 
surprised to find that some of the editors, even, were 
unable to reveal the hidden m3'steries of the local 
column Mr. Editor, I insist that in a vehicle of 
public information is not the place for a cipher 
dispatch." 

We have noticed a similar defect in the locals of 
other journals, — nay, even we are afraid that our own 
might sometimes be laid open to attack on that score. 



Vol X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 23, 1881. 



No. 15. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick C. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggertt, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W". Manson. 

Terms — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 



Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 



CONTEjSTTS. 
Tol. X., No. 15.— February 23, 1881. 

Editorial Notes 175 

Literary: 

Kiss Me, Lucile ! (poem) 179 

Bowdoin Stories 179 

My Sophomore Tear 181 

Communications : 

Keply to an Editorial on Psychology 182 

Wanted ! A College Dictionary 183 

College Items 184 

Personal 186 

Clippings 186 



EDITORIAL HOTES. 



We would respectfully call the attention 
of those of our subscribers who have not paid 
their subscription, to the fact that the finan- 
cial accounts of the present vohime of the 
Okient must, of necessity, be settled soon. 
If those who are in arrears will pay at once, 
much annoyance will be avoided. 



In our local columns appears a notice of 
the concert to be given in the chapel, March 
2d, for the purpose of furnishing books for 
the chapel services. The music will be ex- 



cellent, from the names that appear on the 
programme, and the object is one that all should 
feel to aid as much as possible. From the 
comments and commendations of the stu- 
dents after chapel, Sunday evening, they all 
appreciate and enjoy the music in the services, 
and all those should now testify their enjoy- 
ment substantially by attending the concert. 
The price is low, the time such as will not 
interfere with other college duties, the kind- 
ness of the ladies who have contributed their 
services for this occasion, and the worth of 
the object should togetlier fill our chapel with 
an appreciative audience. 



There is one feature which, of late, has 
become quite noticeable and obnoxious in our 
Sunday morning chapel services, and that is 
the slight stamping and scufSng of feet dur- 
ing the exercises. Although all, perhaps, do 
not agree with the advisability of having 
chapel services Sunday mornings, yet since we 
do have them and are obliged to attend, we 
should, at least, show our respect for them 
as well as for ourselves, and refrain from all 
ungentlemanly disturbances. It is to be 
hoped that all do not fully appreciate the 
rudeness and weakness of the act, and that 
it but needs their attention called to the 
fact to have it stopped. This word comes 
rather late, it is true, but we trust that there 
may be no reason for it to be stronger or 
repeated in our subsequent issues. 



By a notice in our local columns, subscrib- 
ers to the base-ball fund are cordially invited 
to walk up to the Treasurer's office and settle. 
It is now but a few weeks before the limita- 
tion allowed by the subscription paper expires, 



176 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and as much of the funds as possible should 
be paid in before that time. The Treasurer 
of the Association has quite enough to do 
with his ordinary duties without chasing 
delinquent subscribers ; and with the revival 
of our base-ball interests, it is to be hoped 
there will be a revival of the times when a 
man paid his subscriptions before he was 
dunned. The base-ball men are now doing 
good work in the gymnasium, and are full of 
courage and enthusiasm ; and it now but re- 
mains for the body of the students to early 
back up their liberal promises of last term, to 
insure a successful and long-to-be-remembered 
season in our American game. 



In a few weeks will occur the annual 
meeting of the Athletic Association, at which 
there are several important measures that 
demand careful consideration. In two com- 
munications which we have published, this 
term and last, were suggested plans for put- 
ting foot-ball under the direction of the 
Association, and for having gymnastic exer- 
cises by the proficients on Field Day. The 
reasons for both of these changes seem excel- 
lent, and after a full consideration and dis- 
cussion of them, we trust that proper action 
may be taken. Foot-ball is fast becoming- 
one of the most popular games of the Amer- 
ican colleges, and if it were placed upon a 
firmer basis here, there can be no good reason 
why the Rugby should not be introduced and 
flourish. This year a beginning, at least, can 
be made, and when other sports are laid aside in 
the fall, foot-ball should be all ready to receive 
the attention and energy of the sporting men. 
Action will be taken on these matters and we 
trust there will be a full and interested 
attendance of the members to discuss and 
decide them. 



A few da3's since the Bowdoin Boat Club 
received, in a letter from Lieut. Crawford, a 
gift of fifty dollars for the discharge of the 



boat-house debt, from the Hon. Cyrus Wood- 
man of Cambridge, Mass. This generous 
gift will pay every cent of the present indebt- 
edness of our Boat Club, and permit the use 
of our future income for those needed im- 
provements which we have hoped for as pos- 
sibilities of time to come. The strong desire 
to have our boat-house painted may now be 
realized before the end of the present college 
year, if the class boat of '80 is sold, as now 
seems very likely to be the case, to the Fresh- 
man class. Fi-om Lieut. Crawford's letter, 
which expresses a very gratifjdng interest in 
our boating affairs, we take the liberty of 
quoting the following : 

"In a letter from tlie donor inclosing his gift, he 
finds good reason for encouraging the manly sports 
of the students, in the gratifying stand they have 
lately taken in favor of that department of the col- 
lege, which has been established by the generosity 
of tlie general government, and the final success of 
which, it is well known, many of its strongest friends 
have greatly at heart." 

Our appreciation of this encouragement and 
interest should be proved by our own in- 
creased regard for the "manly sports," and a 
determination to merit it by persistent and 
vigorous training for the coming season. This 
proof of the high estimation placed on boat- 
ing by one outside of college walls, should 
give new impulse to our own enthusiasm. 
It speaks well for the active, manly spirit 
of its students, to have the sports of a 
college carried through in a vigorous and 
earnest manner. An ambition to win an 
honorable position as an oarsman or base-ball 
player, is a credit to any student, and the one 
who does himself honor in both class-room 
and sports, wUl gain from his college course 
advantage to both mind and body. 

It is impossible for us to begin work on 
the river as early in the season as the crews 
of some other colleges ; and there is, for this 
reason, the more necessitj' for constant train- 
ing in the gymnasium. Now that we have 
commenced work, let it be thorough and 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



177 



unremitted. No candidate for a position on 
the class crews can afford to lose a single 
day's training. Those of our boating men 
who are away will soon return, and we may 
then expect to see at least five or six men 
working for positions on each crew. The 
experience of last spring taught the necessity 
of having one or more spare men in case of 
any mishap to the regular crew. We see no 
reason why there should not be four crews con- 
testing for our college cup at the next regatta. 



Among the communications of the present 
number is an answer to an editorial in our 
last issue on the subject of Psychology as at 
present pursued in college, in which our posi- 
tion is severely criticised, and for its justifi- 
cation it seems but fair to examine and review 
the communication. It — the communication — 
proceeds to say that " matters of fact were 
not correctly stated," and that when so 
stated "it would be unmanly to let them 
pass without comment ; " also that it was writ- 
ten "with no spirit of contention or passionate 
longing for the study." These are precisely 
the grounds on which the editorial was based. 
As the organ of the student-body we thought 
it our duty to plainly set forth a truth, how- 
ever unpleasant, to ask for a reform which 
the majority of the class have demanded, to 
demonstrate, if possible, the advantages and 
disadvantages of the course, with no spirit of 
hostility to any one, and certainly with due 
respect and no desire of contention with the 
Faculty or students. 

But what are the facts claimed to be mis- 
stated ? The editorial is criticised for saying 
that "nearly all of the class spend three- 
fourths, and some spend quite all of their 
available time upon tliis single studv, and 
frequently only a ' dead ' or a ' two-strike ' 
would be the class-room reward for these 
hours of labor." The critic objects on his 
own case, and asks, " Is it not true that a 
majority of the class have not given ordinarily 



more than the time after dinner until reci- 
tation " ? We of course cannot answer for 
the whole class, but from the remarks of the 
class after the editorial appeared, and from 
the experience of "ye poor editor" who is 
obliged to fill twenty-four columns every 
alternate week, it has seemed as though it 
was far from being incorrect, though not ap- 
plying perhaps to every individual instance, 
for it must be remembered that Seniors gen- 
erally have many other duties in college 
besides preparing for Psychology recitations. 
But what does Prof. Ladd expect? Did 
he not in one instance advise the class in 
Ethics to only read over the lesson of sixteen 
pages of advance, besides review, perhaps 
twice or so, requiring two or three hours for 
its completion, just to get a fair understanding 
of the subject? If the majority of the class 
can do that well after dinner, then they surely 
ought not to complain of long and frequent 
lessons, even when they are obliged to go over 
them perhaps a few more times for the ordi- 
nary and harder every-day recitations. Then 
is criticised the remark that hours have been 
" wasted over this almost profitless study," 
and how far is it not true ? One would be 
foolish indeed to claim it was an absolute 
waste of time, for even the dullest must 
learn some things, even in passing over any 
study, but when it is placed in comparison 
with what might be in other branches, then 
we think the remark can be amply justified. 
To study this as we ought, requires time and 
opportunity. It is not merely to try to re- 
member some particular catch-words or the 
words as strung along on the page, with only 
a vain and vague hope here and there to grasp 
some meaning from them for recitation, but 
it is to ponder long and deeply on these truths 
and their logical relations, and to give in one's 
own language his thoughts upon it, and this 
the average Senior does not and cannot find 
the time and much less the inclination to 
thoroughly do. 



178 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ample time is surely needed with nothing 
to distract the attention, but with the possi- 
ble twenty-six college exercises per week re- 
quiring attendance, and with the many outside 
duties which some Seniors have, does it seem as 
though the average man can,if he will, carefully 
and candidly look in upon himself upon the 
subjects of a lesson of twenty pages or more, 
advance and review? If not, what value is 
there then in half memorizing words which 
one can place in no particular logical order 
and are nearly meaningless to him, and this 
only done to repeat for a few minutes before 
the professor for show on the rank-book, and 
then scarcely ever make the attempt to recall 
them again. How common this is can be well 
shown by the average recitations, and by the 
benefit that is claimed from the usual ques- 
tioning, when not explained as clearly and at 
length as is sometimes done by our, as we all 
proudly claim, eloquent and able instructor. 

The objection was next raised to the 
statement " that we had been ground to this 
distasteful task merely to gratify a whim," 
" and is a usurpation of our other studies." 
And the criticism further continues, "that it 
is a huge imposition," " a persecution pursued 
in such a manner." But is this fair? " Is it 
manly" or does it strengthen any cause or 
argument to garble any statements and to im- 
pute motives and meanings the article as a 
whole does not warrant ? " Is it stating the 
exact truth as to matters of fact?" Is the 
chance or designed selection of a set of vigor- 
ous words and phrases from any article, with- 
out their legitimate connection and not used 
in the manner or sense in which they origi- 
nally were, jumbled together with any mean- 
ing which malice or liberality may assign to 
them, a fair argument or criticism of any arti- 
cle? TFe should think not. But again let us 
examine the truth of even this. Under the 
old curriculum the departments were placed 
practically on an equality, with about sixty 
exercises per term, or five per week for 



nearly thirteen weeks ; and some opportu- 
nity was then offered for Seniors to read, 
think, and write on current and practical 
subjects in which they might take an interest. 
Now see if there is any "whim" or "usur- 
pation " of anybody in the change. This 
term Political Economy, Constitutional and 
International Law, and English History, have 
four hours per week for nearly thirteen 
weeks, or about fifty exercises per term, 
while the department of Mental and Moral 
Philosophy has eight per week for nearly 
thirteen weeks, or over one hundred for the 
term ; and while the lessons in such concrete 
and practical subjects as Political Economy 
and History are not over ten pages with no 
review, in Psychology, a much larger paged 
text-book, they were, at least, ten pages with 
review ; and in Ethics, with pages about the 
size of tlie Political Economy or History, 
fifteen pages with review, are frequently 
given, in these dryest and most abstract of 
subjects. Now could not a reasonable person 
suppose there was a whim in this ? 

Indeed the writer did once fraiikly acknowl- 
edge that it has taken more of our time than 
it ought, and should be placed on an equality 
with other studies. But is the course an "im- 
position," and the study as pursued a "persecu- 
tion " ? The writer evidently thinks not, but 
how is it with less fortunate ones ? Eight 
exercises per week for them in this depart- 
ment means four exercises more than in any 
other, and in the very one that is the most 
distasteful, abstract, and hard for them. It 
means that the advance lessons are given half 
again and in many instances twice as long as 
in easier and more popular subjects, as Polit- 
ical Economy and English Literature, with 
very frequently a close questioning of the 
half-learned review in addition to the advance. 
It means that men who are unfortunate 
enough to be absent from college in teaching, 
or from any other cause, are not only obliged 
to make up orally, but to pass a full written 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



179 



examination in addition, which is required in 
but few other departments of college work, 
to the manifest detriment of all college work 
while present, and for the sole advantage of 
passing examinations for which only hasty and 
superficial preparation is made. 

It means, also, that the eight hours per 
week in this, in addition to the eight or nine 
and in some cases twelve or thirteen hours in 
the other studies, is unequaled by any of the 
principal American colleges, which for the 
most part have fifteen, fourteen, twelve, or less 
hours per week for Seniors, with many lect- 
ures even at that. But writing, thoughtful 
writing, is required to be done, and time is 
given for it; and they are not obliged to fol- 
low a closely printed text, with the vain hope 
of inciting a fresh and vigorous thought on a 
subject for which there is not time to arouse 
the needed interest. This is what is meant 
by those italicized words, cleared of all garb- 
ling, unfair, and absurd questioning. 

But it is asked again if " Prof. Ladd has 
changed in the regard of the Seniors ? " He 
has not, and every word that has ever been 
uttered in his praise before is still more true 
and emphatic to-day. We all have the high- 
est regard for his earnestness, his ability and 
courtesy, and appreciate that in him we have 
an instructor who has hardly a superior in the , 
country, and that to him should by no means 
be imputed the mistakes, as we feel, of the 
prominence of his department. Also tliat 
whatever implication there may be in such 
garbled expressions as "imposition," "perse- 
cution," and " tender mercies," would by any 
ordinarily unprejudiced person be referred to 
all those responsible for this new, and in so 
many respects excellent, course of study. 

In the editorial published before no per- 
sonal allusions ivere thought or intended, and 
should not be discovered but by some super- 
sensitive critic. These are the objections that 
were raised, but notwithstanding them, with a 
full knowledge and realization of the facts as 



they exist to-day, we again afQrm that the 
sentiment of a majority of the Senior Class will 
at least sustain the assertion that the course is 
eminently unsatisfactory,that it has caused dis- 
content with the excellent curriculum, and dis- 
couraged men with their college work, and is a 
special hardship on all who may be absent ; 
that it has prevented outside reading and 
study, and for a curriculum that pretends to 
be modern and more practical, "is nothing 
but a huge imposition on the time, patience, 
and health of men during Senior year." 



LITERARY. 



KISS ME, LUCILE! 

Kiss me, Lucile, just once again : 
Your lips, like roses freshly wet, 
Touch mine, and make me quite forget 

That I grow old like other men. 

Do you remember far back, when 

I whispered, ere our lips first met, 

"Kiss me, Lucile?" 
How many years ? Did you say ten, 

Since we were caught in Cupid's net? 
Ah, well ! your lips are roses yet: 
Time only makes them sweeter; — then 

Kiss me, Lucile ! 
— Ada. 



BOWDOIN STORIES. 

What high moral ground most graduates, 
of a few years' standing, take in regard to 
college pranks is well known ; most, but not 
all, for some, remembering their own college 
course, look with charity and very likely 
with amusement at the jolly college life of 
to-day. The moralists see no hope for the 
students but in arbitrarily stepping between 
them and their sport ; the other alumni, re- 
membering the harmless nature of college 
jokes, hope for the best result. The way for 
college students of to-day to defend them- 
selves, is by referring to the many eminent 
and good men who formerly could enjoy an 



180 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



innocent college joke, though perhaps they 
now seem to have forgotten it. 

Here is an incident which we hope the 
participants will forgive us for relating, if they 
see it, for it is really too good to pass away 
forgotten. 

Two bold Sophomores desired a feast of 
turkey. As they had none, but knew of a 
neighboring farmer who had an abundance, 
they thought it no more than right that he 
should furnish the material for the festivities. 
Yet, thinking that he would not easily give 
his consent, they chose a dark night in which 
to visit him. All went well; the turkeys 
were secured safely, and were nicely dressed. 
On the next night the Sophomores, in high 
spirits, began cooking their fowl. But mean- 
while the farmer missed his birds, and at once 
suspected that they had strayed to the college. 
He, therefore, hied him to the Prex, and just 
about the time that our friends had begun 
their cooking, these two worthies had set out 
on a tour of investigation. As they ap- 
proached the building they were greeted by 
the pleasing odor of roasting turkey, and 
following this clue they were soon at the door 
of our friends' room. But those young men 
were not to be caught so easily. They were 
apprised of the approach of the enemy, and 
at once planned an escape. They took a rope 
and tying it around the pan contauiing their 
feast, lowered it out of tlie window, so that 
no sign of anything unusual remained in the 
room. When Prex and the farmer arrived 
they were studying intently, and to all ques- 
tions made positive assertions of ignorance of 
the matter. But what was their chagrin, 
after safely getting rid of the enemy, when 
they went to draw up their booty, to find 
that the rope was cut — their bird had flown. 
Suppose these fellows had been caught, one 
young man might have led a very different 
life. 

Diogenes is a name familiar to all those 
acquainted with Bowdoiu, as borne by a very 



peculiar habituS of the college. On one 
occasion, when a certain student had some 
young lady friends calling on him, Diogenes, 
in the wickedness of his heart, went all over 
college telling the students that A. had some 
white mice in his room and wanted all the 
students to come and see them. Soon A. and 
his callers were disturbed by a constant suc- 
cession of students dropping in, though it is 
hardly necessary to state that the callers did 
not stop to see the mice. 

Whatever may be the reason for it, the 
Sophomores have held it to be their right to 
confiscate anything they pleased from Fresh- 
men. It happened one year that the Freshies 
were in the habit of frequently obtaining cider 
to be drunk in their rooms. Of course the 
Sophs looked on this as a very objectionable 
custom from their moral view of the subject. 
One evening some Freshies, having signally 
failed in several attempts to smuggle cider 
into their room, induced two burly townsmen 
to carry a can of the beverage for them. The 
Sophs, seeing that they could not secure this 
lot by force, resorted to stratagem. As the 
convoy approached the hall door, a wily Soph 
stood in the shadow, and with every appear- 
ance of fear exhorted the men to hand over 
the can then, as the hall above was full of 
, Sophs ! This was acceded to, and the cider 
was carried to another room to the delight of 
the upperclassmen ; but imagine the impotent 
rage of the owners when they went for their 
pay, only to find that they had been outwit- 
ted ! 

One class had a society called the "Penta- 
gon," the object of which seems to have been 
the perpetration of practical jokes. This so- 
ciety once attended a circus at Lewiston, all 
the members being present and bent on mis- 
chief. When the tent had become well filled, 
a member, whose presence was dignified and 
impressive, approached the door-keeper and 
asked him to ascertain whether Prof. M. (who, 
by the way, was a member of the society) were 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



181 



present, giving the impression that it was a 
matter of the highest impoi'tance. The door- 
keeper sent word to the ring-master, who, 
thinking it would be a great thing to show 
that they were patronized by such citizens, 
stopped the performance, and in a stentorian 
voice called for the professor. As may be 
imagined, he did not have the pleasure of see- 
ing the distinguished man arise, and the stu- 
dents returned to Brunswick in triumph over 
the "ring" ! 

A member of a later class made a bet that 
he could go to a circus without paying the en- 
trance fee. When the time came he marched 
up to the door, and in a very impressive man- 
ner announced his name. The door-keeper, 
overpowered either by his dignity or his ex- 
cessive " brass," allowed him to enter, without 
the payment of the entrance fee. 



MY SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

I returned to college the first term of 
Sophomore year, full of anxiety for the Fresh- 
men whom custom had made our wards. As 
others have been, so I confess I was driven 
into bad habits by the weight of responsibility 
I felt upon my shoulders. I now learned to 
smoke cigarettes, and was one of the first to 
don my handed-down " plug," and grasp the 
ancestral horn. First we made an attack on 
the windows by moonlight. We awoke the 
Freshmen by a volley of coal and demoniac 
yells from their slumbers, and soon all along 
the sides of the three dormitories could be 
seen the disarranged toilets and white robes 
of those who had but just left their peaceful 
couches. 

We first called for speeches and toasts to 
our own class, and finally ordered the whole 
broadside to join in singing the doxology, but 
as the religious home education of many of 
them had been sadly neglected, it was with 
difSculty that any song familiar to all could 



be found. Finally one was hit upon which 
ran something as follows : 

How I care for "Birdie's horses " ! 
"Cosines," " faliirs," "Sammy's" "cribs"! 
What oare T if Sophomore bosses 
Baby Freshman round in bibs? 

What care I for fierce moustaches ? 
How I care for Sophomore wrath ! 
What care I for " yag^erine mashes " ? 
How I care for the gins of Bath ! 

We did not particularly admire the senti- 
ment, but it was the harmony with which 
their sweet infantile voices rang out upon the 
still night air which pleased us. I now be- 
came quite a favorite of the Faculty, and on 
numerous occasions was the centre upon 
which their conversation turned in their regu- 
lar meetings. I was a frequent caller at the 
President's house by special and urgent invi- 
tations. I alwa3's found him suave and seem- 
ingly much interested in me, my newly as- 
sumed Sophomoric duties, my whereabouts and 
actions. I always left him feeling as though 
I had been an honored guest, and that I was 
considered by him as one of the prominent 
and esteemed pillars of the college. 

One evening, in the early part of the year, 
five of us gathered together in our common 
place of meeting, taking counsel upon an im- 
portant matter. A Phi Chi note, enstamped 
with the usual portentous insignia, and writ- 
ten in fresh blood, had been sent. It requested 
its victim, in no ambiguous terms,, to hastily 
dispose of a moustache which he had good 
authority to think he was in the habit of 
carrying partially concealed. The message 
had been disregarded. He in this silent way 
scorned the omnipotence of the valiant Sopho- 
more. Oh, unutterable cheek ! As we tried 
to consider the matter as calmly as possible,, 
we became more and more excited, till at 
length we rushed, a revengeful mob in all its 
fury. Scarcely knowing whither bound, we 
reached the " Cheeky Freshman's " room. 
Doors and locks conld not check ms, and we 
only came to a dead halt as we stood directly 



182 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



in front of a full cocked revolver, held by a 
trembling hand. " Halt ! " was the command. 
"The lines stood fast." Seemingly our re- 
vengeful fury had met its master. But no, 
"Truth crushed to earth will rise again." 
Ours was a noble cause. Where force would 
not avail, eloquence did. He who for a 
moment was our conqueror, laid down his 
weapon and took up the razor. As one by 
one the hairs were severed by the sharp steel, 
hot tears rolled down the Fi'eshman's cheeks, 
as the last tribute to that which once he loved 
so well. Our couches received, that night, 
the bodies of five heroes, at least in their own 
estimation. 

The next exploit was our Sophomore sup- 
per. As it was of old under the Spartan law, 
glory was the reward of the successful thief, 
but woe to him who was caught. About this 
season of the year the purchaser of many a 
single ounce of butter, pint of kerosene, or 
dry goods box, called the penurious Bruns- 
wick trader to the cellar, while student num- 
ber two quietly walked off with Bro. T 's 

best Havanas. One ought not to be surprised 
if he beheld a Sophomore leaning against the 
outer show-windows of the provision dealer, 
stuffing his ulster pockets with cranberries, 
for of all sauces the Epicurean most highly 
recommends this to give flavor to the sweet 
meat of borrowed turkeys. Our class, not 
having a reasonable opportunity of procuring 
free beer, voted an assessment of twenty cents 
each upon the boys of German proclivities. 
The affair was not brilliant, but one full of 
meaning and sentiment. 

Soon after Sophomore supper, I was 
advised, during one of my calls upon the 
President, to take a furlough of a few weeks. 
I was not, on my own account, much disap- 
pointed or hurt ; but I did feel for my poor 
parents. After the ride to the depot, in a 
barouche drawn by four horses, and the hearty 
way in which the boys of all classes gave us 
their parting cheers, I spent my whole time. 



wliile riding home, in conjuring up some good 
plan to ameliorate their embarrassing position. 
My ever indulging father gave me the choice 
of teaching a country school or studying with 
a worthy member of the old school clergy. 
I took the school, and made use of all my 
experience in educational discipline to look 
after the spiritual and temporal welfare of my 
scholars. 

I had but just finished when called back to 
college to attend the funeral exercises of my 
only female acquaintance in Brunswick, and 
slight as this was, my heart was full as I heard 
of the death of poor "Anna," and felt that 
my attentions toward her, during her life, had 
not been up to the standard even of common 
etiquette. The funeral was ostentatious and 
fraught with danger. The mule's hind quar- 
ters were anointed with oil. Our driver 
was dismounted ; another, with several strong 
aids, was substituted. As the procession 
moved through the streets, so strong was the 
feeling that an attack was made by the natives, 
one of whom was forced over a neighboring 
fence at the point of a Sophomore's boot. 
After the ceremonies a supper of two courses 
— beans and ice cream — was served upon one 
dish, and made relishable by frequent draughts 
of the darkest and heaviest Milwaukee bever- 
age. It was thus that I finished the second 
year of an eventful college life. 



COMMUHICATIOHS. 



Editors of Orient : 

I wish to say frankly a few words about 
the recent editorial in regard to Psychology. 
If I feel that as a member of the Senior class 
I am misrepresented by it, or if I believe that 
it does not state the exact truth as to matters 
of fact, would it not be unmanly for me to 
let it pass without comment ? I need not 
assure you that it is neither a spirit of con- 
tention nor a passionate affection for the study 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



183 



which leads me to say anything. The editorial 
referred to states that " for nearly all the class 
three-quarters of the time, and some have 
even spent quite all their available time upon 
this single study;" — that "it really requires 
to merely keep along with the lessons all the 
available hours for study;" — that "it has 
really usurped all the other work." This is 
not true in my own case. Is it true of many 
of the class ? Have a majority given ordina- 
rily more than the time after dinner until 
recitation ? The editorial speaks of time 
"wasted" on an "almost profitless" study. 
Does this fairly represent the reward of faith- 
ful work in this department? Again, it is 
stated that we have been ground to this dis- 
tasteful task to gratify a whim ; that " it is a 
huge imposition on the time, patience, and 
health of men during Senior year" — a "per- 
secution," ^'■pursued in such a manner" — 
" conducted in the manner that it is." Has 
Prof. Ladd been guilty of anything worse 
than faithful instruction, such, for instance, 
as we have received in Mathematics ? I quote 
from the Orient of Nov. 24th : " We think 
that we will be warmly supported by the 
entire sentiment of the Seniors, when we 
affirm that Prof. Ladd is one of the most 
popular and respected of the professors under 
whom they have had the pleasure of sitting, 
and all will testify to his uniform courtesy, 
kindness, and forbearance to themselves, to 
his ability as a scholar, and his interest and 
ability as an instructor." Has Prof. Ladd so 
changed that he deserves the implication in 
such words as "imposition," "tender mer- 
cies," "persecution," "conducted in the man- 
ner that it is " ? 

An Editor op the Orient. 



Editors of Orient : 

Among the excellent communications 
which your last numbers have furnished us, 
there have been suggested many needed re- 
forms in regard to our sports and general 



relations, but few ideas, however, have been 
expressed concerning our direct personal im- 
provement. 

We all know how much the customs of 
college differ from those of other branches of 
society ; and it is natural that it should be 
thus, for we come together from widely sep- 
arated localities, our stay is but temporary, 
and we form comparatively few associates 
outside of our fellow-students. The result is 
a sort of social ostracism, so that college life 
is generally regarded by those unacquainted 
with it as semibarbarous. Some of our old 
and rough customs, like that of hazing, have 
had much to do with forming such opinions, 
and these impressions have become strength- 
ened by the fact that college boys are apt to 
be rude and impolite in their manners toward 
each other. 

In one thing the influence of student life 
is particularly marked. It is in the almost 
constant use, in our every-day talk, of slang 
and the many bright expressions that are 
nearlj- meaningless to an outside person. 
When, as an absent-minded Senior once re- 
marked, " We return to the bosom of our 
families" our habits in this respect become 
apparent to ourselves. Perhaps we attempt 
in the home circle to crack some college joke 
and are surprised because no one is amused. 
Doubtless, the trouble is that we have used 
some expression wholly incomprehensible to 
those not liberally educated. We tell of a 
brash Sophomore who, for too much cutting 
was shoved by the Faculty after they had 
ground the matter thoroughly, or we give an 
account of a class wooding up in church. 
The questions come at once: "What is 
brash?" " How shoved him ? " "What did 
he cut?", etc. 

Some fertile brain has suggested that a 
" Dictionary of College Vernacular" shall be 
published, which each student may send to 
his " Governor " for the benefit of his family. 
A lexicographer, we think, however, would 



184 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



be kept constantly employed in preventing 
his work from being about a year behind the 
times. 

We are not aware while we mingle with 
our companions how much we are addicted 
to the use of slang expressions. Listen care- 
fully to a number of students talking together 
and you will be inclined to think yourself in 
Leadville instead of Puritan New England. 

College boys are not necessarily more pro- 
fane than the average of Young America, but 
are careless in the use of language, which 
would be regarded as exceptionable by per- 
sons of good taste. 

If each one considers the matter personally 
will he be ready to use the same expressions 
in good society that he uses dail}' among his 
classmates ? We think not. Yet often we 
hear it argued, as one of the greatest benefits 
of a college course, that here the manners of 
a person receive a polish, and that one 
becomes fitted for a prominent position in 
society. We see many college graduates 
whose cultivation seems to sustain this argu- 
ment; but if many see the necessity of cor- 
recting the inelegance of their language, it 
may not be in the power of all to drop so 
easily all the slang which in college days 
passed for wit and cleverness. When, at 
some time, it is necessary to clothe our ideas 
in pure English we may regret too late the 
paucity of our vocabulary. 

Perhaps, on the whole, a too serious view 
of the matter has been taken. We admit 
that some of our most common slang phrases 
are very apt, and seem to express the idea 
more tersely than can be done in any other 
way. No one would care to hear students 
conversing upon every day topics with orator- 
ical grandeur, but we need to be careful that 
our heedless style of speech does not degen- 
erate into rowdyism. 

This article does not advocate any extreme 
measures of reformation : for example that the 
Faculty shall dovote their now overburdened 



minds to the matter. Nor is this an argu- 
ment in favor of co-education, on the ground 
that the presence of feminine culture would 
have an ameliorating effect on our barbarism. 
It seems as though the latter plan would be 
like the traditional experiment of bringing 
together the profane parrot and the one capa- 
ble of repeating the Lord's Prayer, in order 
that the former might learn the piety of the 
latter. 

We think seriously, however, that what 
needed reform is made in this direction must 
be personal and individual, and that if each 
makes tiie attempt now to accustom himself 
to the use of pure language he will afterwards 
be amply repaid for all his time and brains. 

B. Y. Kuss. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



NOTICE. 
The Treasurer of the Base-Ball Association can be 
found at No. 6 Winthrop, where those desiring to pay 
their subscription, and those wishing to add their 
names to the list, will be pleasantly received. 

"This is taking well." 

This is good whist weather. 

Sldllings, '81, has left college. 

Don't forget the concert March 2d. 

Ninety-seven Medics registered so far. 

A. L. Crocker, '73, has been in town for a short 
time. 

Perham and Files, '83, have become members of 
ZetaPsi. 

Powers, '74, gave us a call on his way to Lewiston 
upon law business. 

"Billy" has discovered a talent for music, and has 
purchased a jew's-harp. 

A new departure in morning chapel exercises is 
music. Cole, '81, acting as organist. 

The Seniors met Wednesday for debate, F. A. 
Fisher as President, and John Dike, Secretary. 

The heavy rains of the week, followed by the cold 
snap, made good skating on a part of the campus, 
and it is a question whetlter the students or the "yag- 
gers " made the most of it. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



185 



The Dartmouth characterizes the opening of the 
medical school as the "return of immorality." — Ex. 
Amen. 

Prof. Vose is pitching into the Bay bridge, through 
the medium of communications to the Bath Times and 
Portland Argus. 

In a communication to the Lewiston Journal, Prof. 
"Vose has suggested the establishment of meridian 
lines at Augusta. 

Lieut. Crawford began to lecture Monday, the 21st 
inst., on International Law, using Woolsey, fifth edi- 
tion, as text-book. 

Mr. Lee has received sixty-two species of iishes 
collected on the Pacific Coast by the United States 
Fish Commission. 

It was a cruel thrust at the greatness of our mili- 
tary Senior to have a medic inquire if that fellow 
with the uniform was the "mail carrier." 

J. P. Bickford, 74, W. A. Robinson, 76, F. H. 
Crocker, 77, Baker, 78, R. L. Swett and A. D. 
Holmes, '80, are attending the medical school. ' 

A class in Italian has been formed to recite to Mr. 
Johnson. We do not hear of many Seniors joining, 
owing probably to their devotion to Moral Philoso- 
phy- 

Prof Avery, at a meeting of the Bowdoin Philo- 
sophical Club on Friday evening, Feb. 4th, read an 
interesting paper on "The Religion of Zoroaster and 
its Modern Representatives." 

Owing to sickness Prof Ladd was unable to meet 
the Seniors in Ethics, Thursday, Friday, and Satur- 
day. President Chamberlain took his hours in lect- 
ures on " Money and The Banking System." 

The thirteenth annual reunion and dinner of the 
Bowdoin Alumni Association occurred at Youno-'s 
Hotel, Boston, Wednesday evening, Feb. 9, Prof 
Packard and Lieut. Crawford representing the Fac- 
ulty. 

The Faculty have granted a week's leave of ab- 
sence in May to the nine. Arrangements will be 
made to meet the different New England colleo-e 
nines on their own grounds, so as to play every day, 
if possible. 

The opening lecture of the medical school was 
delivered Thursday, the 10th, by Dr. Dana, who took 
for his subject, "Fixedness of Purpose." The ad- 
dress was a good one, and was well received by the 
audience. 

The Bowdoin alumni of Bangor and vicinity held 
their annual reunion at the Penobscot Exchange, Fri- 
day evening, Feb. 18, and it was a very enjoyable 



occasion. Hon. S. H. Blake presided, Hon. E. B. 
Nealley delivered the oration, and Dr. W. F. Shep- 
ard the poem. 

During the last week there has been a general 
awakening of the sporting men of the college, and 
the "Gym." every afternoon presents a lively specta- 
cle, with boating men, base-ball men, and athletes 
hard at work. 

An interesting relic of the Rebellion, in the shape 
of the rebel flag taken at Fort Fisher, is at 11 M. H. 
Gen. Ames gave it to the Hon. E. B. French, and 
through him it came into the possession of W. K. 
Hilton, present owner. 

Knapp, '83, in running to catch the train Tuesday, 
in Portland, missed his footing and fell, breaking his 
left arm. The accident is to be regretted for his sake 
and on account of the nine, as he was to catch Wright. 
Rogers will have to take his place, as Snow is at 
work with Wilson. 

Prof Avery has an article in the Christian Mirror 
on the moral status of the college. He gives the two 
under classes a puff, but then we expected that, after 
such noble conduct as was manifested over vinegar 
the other night. Some of his views, to our mind, 
are a bit radical, though they may be true. 

There will be a concert in the chapel on the after- 
noon of the 2d of March. The programme will com- 
prise vocal solos by Mrs. Lee and Prof Chapman, 
instrumental solos by Mrs. Carmichael and Miss Alice 
McKeen, college songs and instrumental music by 
some of the students. The admission will be twenty- 
five cents. The proceeds of the concert will be ex- 
pended in supplying music and singing books for 
chapel services. 

A boating meeting was held at the Senior recita- 
tion room, Saturday, Feb. 19, at 1.30 p.m., at which 
there was a good attendance. The announcement 
was made that $50 had been received from Hon. 
Cyrus Woodman to pay debt on the boat-house, and 
a vote of thanks was tendered him through Lieut. 
Crawford, by whom the donation was received. The 
financial report was shown to be satisfactory, with 
money in the treasury and all debts paid. Short re- 
marks were made on sending a crew away, on paint- 
ing the boat-house, and the relations of the different 
sports in college, but no definite measures were 
adopted. 

The eleventh annual reunion of the Bowdoin 
Alumni Association of New York and vicinity took 
place at the Westminster Hotel last evening. Fifty 
gentlemen were present. Before the dinner the fol- 
lowing officers were chosen : President, Daniel C. 



186 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Weston, D.D. ; Vice Presidents, William H. Allen, 
JX.D., Fordyce Barker, M.D., Granville P. Hawes, 
Samuel C. Fessenden, and Charles E. Sewell ; Secre- 
tary, George Parsons, Jr. ; Recording Secretary, Gen. 
B. B. Foster; Treasm-er, James McKeen; Executive 
Committee, Nathaniel Cothren, William A. Abbott, 
Almon Goodwin, Frank W. Upham, and Henry Stone. 
The retiring President, Mr, Charles E. Soule, was 
Chairman of the feast. Near him were seated Gen. 
Joshua L. Chamberlain, President of the college; 
Prof. H. H. Boody, Dexter A. Hawkins, Granville P. 
Hawes, Thomas H. Hubbard, Gen. Frank Fessenden, 
Gen. B. B. Foster, the new chief clerk of the District 
Attorney's office, and John N. Goodenough. "Our 
Alma Mater — Ever beautiful and ever dear," was 
given as the leading toast. President Chamberlain 
responded. Prof. Boody, speaking for the Faculty of 
the college, said, among other things, that he hoped 
Bowdoin would in due time graduate women able to 
do men's work just as effectual as men. Other toasts 
were as follows : "Recent Graduates — We welcome 
them to the roll of Bowdoin alumni," H. W. Grindal, 
class of '80; "Wandering Alumni," Gen. B. B. 
Foster; "Pejepscot Plains, and the pleasant fruits 
thereon," James McKeen ; "Bench and Bar," Gran- 
ville P. Hawes. — New York Times. 



PERSONAL. 



[We earnestly solicit oommuuications to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'25. — The last Harvard Register contains an ap- 
preciative article and portrait of Prof. Henry W. 
Longfellow, by Wm. D. Howells. 

'82. — According to the Harvard Register, Rev. C. 
A. Bartol will lecture before the Concord School of 
Philosophy this coming summer. 

'43. — Dr. S. W. Johnson is living at Bristol, where 
he has practiced medicine for forty years. 

'46.- — Charles Stetson Crosby died at Manchester, 
Iowa, Jan. 23, 1881. 

'48. — Prof. J. B. Bewail has been chosen Vice 
President of the New England Graduates Association 
of the Alpha Delta Phi, to represent Bowdoin. 

'62. — Dr. Dana B. Putnam died in Boston on the 
11th inst. He was a native of Rumford, Me., born in 
1825. He took his medical degree in the Georgia 
Medical School, and practiced in that State sixteen 
years, came north in consequence of ill health and 
practiced in Boston until the time of his death. 

'61. — Hon. S. M. Finger, a member of the N. C. 
Senate, has written that the movement in the Nortli 
Carolina Legislature in favor of a prohibitory law is 



exceedingly strong, and that the probability is the 
question of prohibition will be submitted to the peo- 
ple. Bowdoin education of course. 

'68. — John S. Derby has recently been admitted 
to the Supreme Court of the United States. 

'79. — J. C. Tarbox has received a position at the 
Census Bureau at Washington. 



CLIPPIHGS. 



"What is the shape of a kiss?" Why, it's a-lip- 
tickle, of course. — Cornell Review. 

Yale has accepted Harvard's challenge to an eight- 
oar, four-mile straight-away race. — Advocate. 

One hundred thousand dollars has just been given 
outright to build a new hall for the Harvard Law 
School. 

Prof. Franklin Carter of Yale has been elected to 
succeed President Chadbourne as President of Wil- 
liams College. — Echo. 

Hon. A. D. White, U. S. Minister to Berlin, will 
return next year and resume his position as Presi- 
dent of Cornell. — Brimonian. 

Late to bed and early to rise weakens the stomach, 
the brain, and the eyes. — Prof. Wilder, in Health 
Notes. Early to r'yes and late to bed makes a man's 
nose a cardinal red. — Ex. Ryes to early all eight 
in bed, raises to each a pain in the head. 

She was a Vassar Senior and he was the spare 
but ambitious historian of the Freshman class. One 
evening slie playfully called him "Polybios." He 
asked a friend what it meant, and the friend ex- 
plained that "poly meant inany, bi meant too, and 
OS meant bone. Too many bones." He hasn't spoken 
to her since. — Ex. 

Scene in a class room : Prof, (to Mr. F., who has 
read the passage from the Odyssey referring to th e 
lotus eaters) — " Mr. F., where have you seen the 
lotus eaters spoken of, before ? " Mr. F. (after a 
moment's thought) — " I think they are mentioned in 
the New Testament." Der classic howls. Mr. F. 
{sotto voce) — " Well, I guess Peter ate lotus and 
honey." — Oberlin Review. 

A law student, renowned for his emphatic lan- 
guage, was sick, some time since, and being in a 
state of delirium it was necessary to give him no 
nutriment except milk. In one of his more lucid 
intervals he happened to notice the nature of the 
liquid he was constantly imbibing, and turning to his 

attendant, remarked in his usual style, " ! 

Do you take me for a cheese factory ? " — Chronicle. 




twitin § 




Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MARCH 9, 1881. 



No. 16. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

Frederick 0. Stevens, Managiag Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John W. Manson. 

Teems — $2.00 a year in advance ; single copies, 15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 
in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor. 

Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 
articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 
writer's real name. 

Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 
CONTENTS. 

Tol. X., No. 16.— March 9, 1881. 

Editorial Notes 187 

Literary : 

Evangeline 190 

Communications : 

Some Present Needs of the College 191 

Importance of tbe Drill 192 

College Items 195 

Personal 196 



EDITORIAL HOTES. 



Those to whom back numbers of this 
volume of the Oeient are due should pro- 
cure them before the Orient file passes out 
of the hands of the present Board of Editors. 
If any members of the Senior class wish to 
complete their files, back numbers of the 
Okient can be obtained, at reduced rates, 
from the Business Editor. 



In the present number we publish, by the 
request of the instructor of the Military De- 
partment, a few letters from prominent gentle- 
men who have been much interested in the 



drill in the past, and ask the indulgence of 
our readers therefor, urging the importance of 
the question as an excuse for the amount of 
space we have devoted to it. These letters 
present fully and of course forcibly the views 
of the gentlemen in its favor, and lest it 
should seem that those opposed do so from 
mere obstinacy or perseverance, we hope to 
candidly present in our next issue the objec- 
tions from the students' point of view, to the 
extra prominence of the drill, and some of the 
reasons which in past years has made this 
department so unpopular apaong us. In the 
meantime we ask for the views of any of our 
alumni or subscribers who may take an inter- 
est in this, that all sides may have a hearing, 
and that it may result in the best good for our 
college and its students. 



It is much to be regretted that our debates 
have been allowed to lapse into the condition 
they now are, for it is by them that we can 
best get a fair knowledge of parliamentary 
procedure, and can discuss and study the lead- 
ing financial, political, and economic questions 
of the day. We have now no special organi- 
zation here for discussion, and none was 
needed so long as the Wednesday afternoon 
exercise was improved as it might be. But 
now from the lack of interest and attention 
of the majority of the class, the lack of prep- 
aration and argument on the part of nearly 
all the speakers and disputants, the petty 
quibbling over minor points, and the dis- 
position to ridicule have quite stopped all 
hopes of successful debating for this yea,v. 
If the exercise is continued, those who are 
interested should make the needful prepara- 
tion as before, but it cannot of course be as 



188 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



interesting and profitable without tlie active 
co-operation of the whole class. 



We have spoken before of the duty of the 
students to patronize the advertisers in the 
Okient and Bugle, and have urged the 
advantages and almost necessity of the course, 
and at the end of our year we wish to repeat 
and strengthen our former position. 

The number of copies of Orients and 
Bugles sold now will not suffice, by hundreds 
of dollars, to pay even the necessary expenses 
of the publications as they are at present, and 
of course will prevent all attempts to enlarge 
or better them, so far as appearance goes, 
leaving a large sum to be obtained by adver- 
tisements. Many of the advertisers are com- 
plaining, and justly too, that they hardl}' get 
their money back they pay us, while others 
who do not patronize the student papers at all 
have a thriving business. This is not fair to 
the advertisers or papers, and if persisted in 
will result in the immediate and permanent 
deterioration of the college publications. By 
a little seasonable care, the next Board of 
Editors for the Orient can make a radical 
reform and improvement here, with the aid of 
all those in college who wish the papers to 
succeed. Just as soon as the next Board is 
selected, which will be before our next num- 
ber is issued, let them circulate a paper among 
the men in college, for signatures to an agree- 
ment to purchase their goods at such places 
only, so far as possible, that patronize either 
of the college publications. With this paper 
in hand the next Business Manager need have 
no trouble in collecting local advertisements, 
and the advertisers, as they deserve, will 
receive the large and increasing trade of the 
college. 



This year, as usual, some have discussed 
the project of sending a crew away, though 
with but little intention of making any real 
exertion for so doing, even when talking the 



loudest. This year the attempt seems almost 
impossible, or at least clearly impracticable. 
We have a good boat-house built, paid for, and 
some money in the treasury, it is true, but 
the building needs painting sadly, not merely 
for its appearance, as so many have declared, 
but more for its preservation, and that should 
be no small bill for us. For the past few 
years, on this account, boating has been a 
heavy drain on the pockets of the students ; 
and since this year the base-ball men have 
taken their turn, as is but fair, and 
secured nearly $400 for their trip, it would 
seem as though it would be extremely diffi- 
cult to raise much more than is needed for 
the regular assessments of the several classes 
and associations. To be sure the alumni have 
made fair promises in the past, as to what 
they would do, but with the present prospect 
for money in college, it would hardly seem as 
though we should be sufficiently successful 
outside. 

But even should we have money enough, 
when and with whom should we row? No 
college in New England has a crew in train- 
ing with whom a race of four-oared shells 
could be arranged. Cornell intends to go to 
England if possible, and on that account has 
already refused Columbia's challenge; while, 
with the races which Columbia has on hand, 
it would hardly appear as though a convenient 
time could be arranged with them ; and 
other colleges who have crews are quite 
too far away for any practicable arrangements 
to be made. There will be an abundance 
of the best of our boating material remain 
next year, and everything that is favorable 
now will be then, and if ever a crew can be 
well sent away, that will be our opportunity. 
This year our class races can well receive all 
our attention. Records can and should be 
made with the men and enthusiasm we now 
have, and that will be quite enough for our 
boating interests for this season. If, however, 
after our class races there is any desire for a 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



189 



crew to be sent away, arrangements could 
doubtless be made in some of the regattas at 
Portland, Bath, or better still at Lake Mara- 
nocook, where it is promised there will be 
some fine races this season. But all this can 
be well discussed later, but until then our 
whole attention should be put upon our class 
crews. 



As an Organ of the Students we are well 
aware that in the past we have been some- 
what derelict of our duty in warning the 
students against cutting and defacing the 
buildings, but we are hardly aware that we 
have complained very much to the Trustees 
on their condition, whatever we may have 
thought of it. But at present a word seems 
especially needed in regard to our buildings, 
and the care which some students and officers 
of the college as well have had for them. It 
has been, and is still, the custom for some 
men in various ends to establish a shooting 
gallery either in the halls or empty rooms, and 
hold matches there in hours not occupied with 
recitations. This, with the ever-accompany- 
ing tumult of shooting and yelling, is not 
only a serious injury to the time of all who 
have other business in college besides watch- 
ing poor marksmen seeking to become better, 
or trying the same themselves, but is a consid- 
erable and unjust expense to every man in 
college. The rooms or halls are nearly every 
time defaced by careless shooting, while 
windows and end lamps only too frequently 
succumb to the wit and courage of these 
skillful marksmen. But they say, we will 
pay for the bills are all put on Average 
Repairs. But so do all others pay, too. Men 
who not only have no part in this amusement, 
but who pay for it only too dearly in many 
other ways. This is an imposition which we 
trust will be soon stopped, but if not volun- 
tarily, then the aggrieved can and must find 
some way to assert their rights to peace and 
order in our college community. 



The snow-ball fiend or fool, but perhaps 
both, too deserves a word. It may be very 
well to now and then indulge in a little rec- 
reation in this line, on the persons of those 
who are unfortunate enough to come within 
the reach of these simple minded and so 
easily amused students, but when this pro- 
pensity is indulged by deliberately breaking 
the glass from various windows in the halls, 
then, we think, there should be some interfer- 
ence. No doubt it is a great pleasure for a 
man of the supposed age of discretion, and 
surely large enough to know better, to break 
windows just to hear the glass jingle, or of 
course he woiild not do it ; but when the cost 
of this amusement falls upon the body of the 
students, then it is time this man, or child, to 
speak more properly, was taught his place and 
duty. 

But there is yet another matter deserving 
attention, which is quite as important, and 
that is the ashes, garbage, etc., which is scat- 
tered, both by students and end women, on 
the steps or near the l)uildings. Although 
the ash heap is quite as near as any reasona- 
ble person would think necessary for all ordi- 
nary purposes, and much too near indeed in 
summer either for beauty or health, yet there 
are some in college who will not even go as 
far as that, but pour their ashes from the 
windows, or worse yet, in the corners of the 
halls, to be simply thrown beside the steps or 
on the sward by the end women. Part of 
this blame can be charged to the end women, 
which it is the plain duty of the college offi- 
cers to overseer, but there is a large part 
which must be justly laid to the students. 
Whatever is chargeable to the latter is not 
mere laziness, but, to speak plainly, innate 
stupidity or cussedness, totally unworthy of 
a man with any respect for himself or regard 
for the college and the condition of its build- 
ings. There are other things quite as bad, 
which it would be an act of justice for the col- 
lege authorities to ferret out and punish the 



i90 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



perpetrators. There are but comparatively 
few in college, of course, who are so utterly 
lazy, and we may even say so degraded, but 
their number is sufficient, and they are quite 
active enough to convey to any intelligent 
stranger that their character was that of the 
whole. 

We all do, or should, desire that our 
beautiful campus should not be disfigured 
any more than is necessary, and those who 
do entertain these sentiments must make 
their influence felt hereafter in repressing 
some of the lazy and disgraceful habits of a 
few of our fellow-students. Whatever may 
have been in our previous issues, or in this, 
was written and intended for the good of the 
whole, and any inconsistent acts or words of 
a few should not be immediately referred to 
the Organ of the Students. 



EVANGELINE. 

" Loud from its rocky caverns the deep-voiced neigh- 
boring ocean 
Speaks ; and in accents disconsolate answers the wail 
of the forest." 
No literary production — of modern times 
at least — has made so immediate, deep, and 
lasting impression upon the popular mind as 
Mr. Longfellow's Evangeline. Appearing at 
a time when he was by no means unknown to 
fame among the lovers of good literature, it 
made his name a familiar word to almost all 
classes of English speaking people, and 
adorned thousands of homes with the picture 
of that weak, pale face, the child of his pure 
imagination, turning from the awful desola- 
tion of Grand Pr^. This beautifully pathetic 
story, immortalizing an "affection that hopes, 
and endures, and is patient," was founded 
upon the historical incident of the expulsion 
of the French from Nova Scotia in the year 
1755 ; and as it may be of special interest to 
many of the students of the college, from 



which the author graduated, to follow the 
facts which led to this masterly production, 
thej' are given below as obtained and con- 
densed from Lossing's History of the United 
States : 

Gen. John Wilson on the 20th of May, 
1755, sailed with three thousand men from 
Boston for the Bay of Fundy. Col. Monkton 
with three hundred British regulars took com- 
mand of the united forces, and after captur- 
ing the French forts, proclaimed martial law 
over the whole region, with a view of the 
expulsion or extermination of the entire 
French population of Acadia (the original, 
and now poetic name of Nova Scotia) on a 
plea of self-defense, claiming that the inhabi- 
tants would join their countrymen in Canada, 
and thus form an alliance against the English. 
Accordingly on the 5th of September, an 
artifice was resorted to by these bold, unmer- 
ciful men to capture the peaceful inhabitants, 
and by a general proclamation, on one and 
the same day, the unconscious victims, old 
and young, were assembled and taken pris- 
oners. At Grand Pr^ (the scene of the poem) 
four hundred and eighteen unarmed men were 
marched into the church and there notified of 
his Majesty's final resolution to the French 
inhabitants of his province. This resolution 
may be found in the poem. They were then 
and there taken prisoners, their wives and 
families sharing the same fate. On the 10th 
of September a part of the exiles embarked, 
and the wretched people left behind were kept 
together near the sea without proper food, 
raiment, or shelter till other ships came to 
take them away. December, with its appalling 
cold, had struck the shivering half-clad, 
broken-hearted sufferers before the last of 
them wei'e removed. The Acadians were 
stripped of everything of value they pos- 
sessed, and separated along the coast among 
the English colonists, helpless beggars, to die 
broken-hearted in a strange land. In one 
short mouth their paradise had become a des- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



191 



olation, and the once happy people scattered 
through the many foreign States. 

The little incident which led to the au- 
thor's acquaintance with the ground work of 
the poem, is related by James T. Fields, who, 
in his Reminiscences of Hawthorne, gives an 
account of a dinner given by Longfellow to 
Hawthorne and a friend fi'om Salem, in which 
he records that tlie friend said to Longfellow, 
" I have been trying to persuade Hawthorne 
to write a story based upon a legend of Ar- 
cadia, and still current there, a legend of a girl, 
who, in the dispersion of the Acadians, was 
separated from her lover, and passed her life 
in waiting and seeking for him, and only 
found him dying in a hospital when both were 
old." Longfellow was surprised that the 
legend did not strike the fancy of Haw- 
thorne, and said if he (Hawthorne) did not 
wish to use it for a story, he would take it 
for a poem, and from it Evangeline was writ- 
ten in blank hexameter. 

These are the facts that form the founda- 
tion of the poem which is so much admired 
in nearly all circles of life, and which has 
brought forth from every source so many ex- 
pressions of esteem and veneration for the 
author whose pure conception embodied in 
the "immortality of thought" the loveliest 
and noblest character of fiction. 



COMMUmCATIOHS. 



Editors of Orient : 

As the Orient reaches a large number of 
graduates and friends of the college, I avail 
myself of the opportunity to make known 
some of its immediate needs which we are 
now making special efforts to supply. 

It is well known that many young men 
who seek to obtain a college education are 
compelled to rely on their own exertions to 
pay the expenses of such a course. It is 



often the case that some of the most promis- 
ing men are among this number. This con- 
dition of things exists to an unusual degree 
at the present time. The scanty opportunity 
to earn money in our State, and the dimin- 
ished purchasing power of money when it is 
earned, make it a very hard matter for our 
young men to carry themselves through. 
The necessity of extended absence from col- 
lege seriously diminishes the benefits to be ob- 
tained. The state of facts at the present 
time would, if known to our friends, awaken 
a deep sympathy, and, I believe, a generous 
response. 

But these particulars cannot be given 
here. The general statement is that fifty-five 
of our students, more than one-third, are 
worthy applicants for pecuniary aid. To 
meet these we have the income of thirty-four 
scholarships, or what is equivalent to this. 
We have tried to adjust the matter as equit- 
ably as possible by averaging the distribution 
among the ajiplicauts. This materially re- 
duces the aid we should be able to give each 
one, and even then some who have come in 
later have to be left out entirely. We very 
much need six or eight new scholarships, or, 
if benefactors prefer, gifts to constitute a 
permanent loan fund, the income to be loaned 
to students and the repayments to be added 
to the principal. The latter fund would thus 
in the course of time become a powerful source 
of aid, and thus of strength to the college. 
There are pressing cases now before us, and 
I earnestly hope for means to meet them. 

For another matter, we have no library 
fund. The appropriation each year enables 
us to do scarcely more than to keep the li- 
brary in good condition as it is. It is need- 
less to point out to our graduates and friends 
the advantages of a well ordered college 
librarj' as a supplementary means of instruc- 
tion. It might be made as efficient, and it 
appears to me should be made of as much 
importance as any chair of instruction in the 



19^ 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



college. The advance made in the last 
twenty years in all lines of research and 
scholarship renders a library well supplied 
and well up to the times an imperative neces- 
sity for good work. 

Bowdoii) needs a library fund of 120,000. 
It would be a good investment for the college 
and for our friends. One, who has already 
made liberal gifts to the college, is ready to 
start this fund with a subscription of flOOO, 
if others will follow. We may as well move 
for the whole sum needed as for less. We 
must keep the college up in all its branches. 

J. L. C. 



Brunswick, Me., March 2, 1881. 
Editors of Orient : 

In view of the gratifying increase in the 
military department since the publication of 
my last communication to you, from seven- 
teen to nearly seventy students, more than 
half of whom have enrolled for two years, I 
have thought that it would be a matter of in- 
terest to have spread upon the record, the 
views and opinions of some of the strong 
friends of the college to which I have before 
alluded. I will therefore beg of you to pub- 
lish the inclosed letters, the sentiments and 
ideas embodied in which, seem to me to be 
sound and conclusive. The expressions of 
interest and good will towards the military 
department, to say nothitig of more substan- 
tial, but not more valuable tokens, with 
which I was encouraged at the late annual 
banquet of the Boston Alumni, by many of 
the old and influential graduates of Bowdoin, 
should, I think be made known to the stu- 
dents. 

With respect to the personal influence on 
the fate of the drill, which one of the corre- 
spondents accords to me, I cannot agree, for I 
feel that the present interest is wholly due to 
an awakening of that sturdy and intelligent 
independence which prompts men to prepare 
to effectually take care of their rights and of 



themselves, and not leave such care to chance 
or to others. 

Very respectfully yours, 

M. CRAWFORD, U. S. A. 



The following is an extract from President 
Chamberlain's last report to the Boards : 

" It will appear by papers which accompany 
this report, that the United States authorities 
are requiring very exact reports of the offi- 
cers of the army detailed at colleges, and 
that they are closely observing the degree to 
which the several colleges thus favored are 
profiting by the opportunities afforded. I am 
apprehensive that our military professor will 
be forced to offer a very meagre return at the 
close of this year. Meantime other colleges 
are becoming urgent in their application for 
this detail, and it may not be improper to say, 
some which abused our college for taking the 
initiative in this matter, have since been using 
every effort to obtain the assignment for 
themselves. With all these influences at 
work, it appears to me we are in danger 
of having Lieutenant Crawford recalled. I 
should regard this as a serious loss to the col- 
lege. It is true the students do not appear 
to take an interest, generally, in this depart- 
ment of instruction. But it is probably that 
the indifference arises largely from a general 
apathy in the community. In time of peace 
we are apt to forget our defenses. 

" The argument for military instruction in 
colleges, is not simply in the advantage of 
such exercises in developing manly bearing 
and character, nor merely in the completeness 
of a modern education, which should at least 
enable a young man to read and understand 
contemporaneous history, and the operations 
by which nations maintain their rights and 
prestige; but it is also, and more, in the 
proper preparation to discharge ably, and 
without the waste and detriment which re- 
sult from weakness and ignorance, the 
bounden duty of a citizen to defend his coun- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT, 



193 



try, and in the high propriety of so training 
our educated young men that in the event 
of war (and such event is by no means be- 
yond probability) mind may command 
muscle. 

"I never want to see again our young men 
of delicate and fine organization crushed 
under the command of those to whom the 
brute element of force may have given a mo- 
mentary advantage over the diifidence that 
arises from ignorance and inexperience. It 
must be borne in mind also that those who 
were successful as ' volunteers ' in our recent 
war were those who had some knowledge and 
training in military affairs." 



Boston, January 3, 1881. 

My Dear Sir : — I am extremely gratified 
to learn by your note of the 27th ult., that 
the prospects of the drill are so favorable. It 
has been to me for some time past a matter of 
great surprise and even of disappointment 
and chagrin, that the undergraduates took so 
little interest in the advantages offered them 
in this respect. How gentlemen can think an 
education complete without some knowledge 
of military tactics, is to me a marvel. It 
may be answered that there was no drill 
when I and those of my age were in college. 
True, and we feel the lack of it every day. 

When this subject was brought before the 
Trustees, I made the statement that, with the 
exception of President Chamberlain, there 
was not a member of the Board who could 
understand the details of a modern military 
campaign ; and no one denied it. Moreover, 
when I was young, a good deal of attention 
was given to the military drill, outside of the 
college. Some of our most eminent men were 
officers in the militia. All were obliged to 
"train." It did not amount to much, still it 
was better than nothing. When I came to 
Boston, the rising young lawyers sought the 
command of companies. Sidney Bartlett, 
who stands at the head of the bar, was a cap- 



tain ; Chief Justice Bigelow was a colonel, 
etc., etc. 

It seems to me of the highest importance 
that our educated men should have some 
knowledge of tactics. In case of civil com- 
motions, or mobs, the ministers, the doctors, 
and the lawyers ought to know enough to 
take the command of men, in order to pre- 
serve the peace. I know there is a strong 
feeling on this subject among the best friends 
of the college, and it has been to them a 
great mortification that the students have 
not more generally availed themselves of in- 
struction in this regard by men of first-class 
ability. 

Faithfully yours, 

P. W. CHANDLER. 



Cambkidgb, Mass., Feb. 15, 1881. 

Dear Sir : — I had but little time to talk 
with you at the meeting of the Bowdoin 
Alumni last week, and your departure the 
next day prevented me from seeing you again. 

I was much pleased to hear that so many 
young men had come forward and voluntarily 
pledged themselves to take the military drill 
for two years. Until recently I have had 
serious fears that the military instructor would 
be ordered from Bowdoin to some college 
which knows better than ours has how to 
appreciate the value of the instruction which 
the United States so generously provides. 
The interest which the students have recently 
manifested comes just in time, I think, to save 
us from losing the military instructor, and 
from the mortification of seeing some other 
college given what we should have lost. I 
hope that that danger has passed never to 
return. 

Those who have volunteered to drill for 
two years will, I think, prove to be great 
benefactors of the college, if they remain — 
as I doubt not they will — true to their pledges. 

At the end of that time I hope to see the 
drill so firmly established in the good will of 



194 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



students and Faculty, of Trustees and Over- 
seers that none of them will willingly see its 
existence again put in peril. 

There are several reasons why I think that 
the drill, combined with some military instruc- 
tion in addition, should be regarded as an 
important element in education. 

The most obvious and not least important 
reason is that the health of young men de- 
mands that they shall daily take regular, but 
not violent exercise ; thus " preserving the 
body's health and hardiness to render light- 
some, clear and not lumpish obedience to the 
mind, to the cause of religion and our coun- 
try's liberty when it shall require firm hearts 
in sound bodies to stand and cover their 
stations." The drill, it seems to me, answers 
this condition admirably. It is less liable to 
abuse and injurious consequences than the 
exercise of the gymnasium, which many can 
only safely take under the inspection and 
personal supervision of one who is not only a 
skilled gymnast, but also a physician of 
experience. 

Another advantage is that it teaches obe- 
dience to legitimate anthoritj', and that liberty 
is not license. I shall be mistaken if it does 
not imperceptibly breed a self-respect and a 
consequent respect for the instructors which 
will render college discipline less necessary, 
and so diminish some of the most painful and 
irksome duties of the Faculty. 

***** 

The drill will give those who take it a 
better gait and a more manly bearing ; and 
it is to be lioped that hereafter at Bowdoin 
the slouching gait of the students will be the 
exception and not the rule. 

The better personal bearing of those who 
take the two years' drill will of itself be an 
ample reward for all the time and pains which 
the students may spend upon it. The value 
of a fine personal bearing is not taught, and 
is too little considered. A lady of Bruns- 
wick, who was rather prejudiced against the 



drill, admitted to me that it certainlj^ had had 
the effect to give the students a better gait 
and to improve their' appearance upon the 
street. 

Though the military may not be the high- 
est style of personal bearing, yet there is 
about it a certain dignity and self-respect 
which commands attention, and which is a 
great improvement upon the easy, slipshod, 
and undignified manner and carriage of many 
who are in other respects models of refine- 
ment and propriety. 

The incidental advantages of which I 
have spoken are hardly less important to a 
student in college than the direct ones which 
obviously follow the study and practice of 
military habits, and to which we will now 
turn our attention. 

From the time of Cain, man has been 
killing his brother, and his history is largely 
made up of his wars. Since the war of our 
Revolution began, nearly one year in six has 
seen us in arms ; to say nothing of Indian 
wars which have gone on almost continuously. 

We may pray for peace, we may pray for 
the millennium, but so long as human nature 
remains as it is we cannot expect that man in 
the future will be much less belligerent than 
in the past. At any rate all past experience 
teaches us that improvement will be so slow 
that we need take no account of it in looking 
at this subject now. Even if the probability 
is that foreign wars may diminish, are there 
not some grounds to fear that there are in 
our present civilization, elements which tend 
to the increase of internal disorder and which 
can only be put down by force of arms ? 

No nation has yet found it expedient to 
omit preparation to meet foreign enemies or 
to repress riots and rebellions at home. If, 
then, wars, riots, and rebellions are so suie to 
come that, at enormous cost, we must be 
constantly prepared to meet them, is it best 
that in these tremendous crises the educated 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



195 



men of the country should lead or follow the 
more ignorant ? No son of Bowdoin can fail 
to give the right answer. 

***** 

When an emergency calls to arms, does 
not every one feel that the student of Bow- 
doin, who knows how to handle the musket 
and the sword, and to train a company of 
raw recruits, will have an advantage not only 
over the mass but also over the educated men 
about him who have not had his training ? 

His knowledge of arms carries with it a 
moral power which brings him to the front 
and enables him to take the lead of his 
neighbors without an effort. The very fact 
that he possesses this knowledge, which high 
occasion may bring into action, will give him 
a standing and a moral weight in the commu- 
nity where he lives which he would not other- 
wise have, be he clergyman or be he layman. 

It is my belief that the military instruc- 
tion which the United States grants to our 
college, if honestly, faithfully, and judiciously 
used, will be productive only of good to the 
college and to the students. The next two 
years bid fair to place the drill upon that 
sure footing which will make it acceptable to 
all who are connected with the college. I 
have strong hopes that the students who have 
enlisted for two years will, by their manly 
conduct and faithful adherence to their vol- 
untary pledges, do honor not only to them- 
selves but to the college and to you : to you, 
to whom I feel that all the friends of the col- 
lege are under lasting obligations for the 
marked change which has recently taken 
place in favor of the drill. 

I feel that I have already exhausted your 
patience, but I have a word more to say. 

Some years since one or more of the stu- 
dents called upon me and courteously told 
me of the wants of the Boating Club, and 
solicited pecuniarj^ aid. I declined to lend 
my aid mainly because I did not feel like 
contributing to the sports of students who 



spurned the drill. Now that the students are 
taking so decided a stand in favor of the 
drill, my heart begins to warm towards the 
Boating Club. I inclose my check for $50, 
which you will oblige me by seeing applied 
to the reduction of the debt incurred by the 
students in building their boat-house. 
Yours very respectfully, 

CYRUS WOODMAN. 
Lieut. Medoren Crawford, 

Brunswick, Maine. 



COIxLEGE ITEMS. 



E. R. Jewett is assistant organist. 

Why didn't Billy P. bring her up to the front 
seats ? 

The new Board of Editors will be elected Satur- 
day, March 19th. 

The dance at the skating rink Saturday evening, 
was much enjoyed. 

Mansur, '82, and Goodwin, '83, have joined the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon Society. 

A. D. Mansur and E. F. Holden, of Bates, have 
entered '82 and '83 respectively. 

This is the weather which discovereth the man 
with the hole in his rubber boot. 

Prof. Churchill, of Andover Theological Seminary, 
is to give a reading in Lemont Hall, March 14. 

The next number of the Orient will be delayed 
one week, as it is the last number of the volume. 

The janitor has been trying to collect the band 
instruments, scattered through the college. Any one 
having one should return it. 

Four crews are at work in the gymnasium every 
day, and should they persist in the work of training 
which they have begun we will see a good race next 
June. 

The treasurer of the Base-Ball Association is 
anxious that the members should pay their subscrip- 
tions as soon as possible. Remember the time is 
limited to March 20th. 

In the competitive drill of Saturday, March 6th, 
for positions in the companies tor next term, C. H. 
Cutler was chosen First Lieutenant of Co. A, A. D. 
Gray of Co. B, and J. W. Crosby of Co. C. 

A fire in Hathorn Hall, Bates College, on Wednes- 
day, did considerable damage to the building. The 
library and collections were saved with difficulty and 
some damage. The loss on the building is estimated 
at from two to three thousand dollars ; on library and 
cabinets about five hundred dollars. 



196 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



A young lady in town who wishes for the success 
of the nine, sends a subscription to the Treasui-er of 
the B. B. A. "Rah" for her. We wish there were 
more like her. 

J. O. P. Wheelwright and F. H. Little will repre- 
sent the Bowdoin Chapter of Psi Upsilon at the re- 
union of the New England Association of Alumni at 
Young's Hotel, Boston, Wednesday, March 9th. 

We have made arrangements for binding four 
volumes of the Orient in one, at the following rates : 
one-half sheep, marble paper sides, $1.12 ; one-half 
morocco cloth sides, $1.35 ; one-half roan black, 
$1.20. 

There are one hundred and seven men attending 
the lectures at the Maine Medical School, with a 
promise of two or three more to come in. One hun- 
dred and eight is the largest number that has been 
present at any previous course. 

Sunday, Feb. 27th, marked the completion of Henry 
W. Longfellow's seventy-fourth year, and the anniver- 
sary finds him hale in body, alert in mind, and en- 
joying the congratulations of his friends in the quiet 
of a serene and beautiful old age. 

We can safely pi-omise a first-class choral and 
miscellaneous concert on Thursday evening, 10th, in 
Lemont Hall, to be given by the Association. The 
drill has been severe, the progress great, and the 
selections for the evening are marvelously fine. 
The proceeds are to be solely devoted to aid the Asso- 
ciation in its work. — Telegraph. 

The following members of the Senior class have 
been appointed to take part in the Senior and Junior 
exhibition at the close of the term : Salutatorian, F 
A. Fisiier, Westford, Mass; C. L. Baxter, Portland 
H. W. Chamberlain, W. I. Cole, Brunswick ; F. L 
Johnson, Pittstield ; D. J. McGillicuddy, Lewiston 
A. G. Pettingill, Brewer; F. C. Stevens, Veazie 
For the Juniors : M. S. Holway, Augusta ; W. A 
Moody, Kennebunkport ; W. G. Reed, Waldoboro ; 
C. C. Stinchiield, Brunswick. 

Memorial Hall. — The committee have determined 
upon the final plans for the Memorial Hall, and the 
sj)ecifications are now being prepared, and bids will 
soon be offered for carrying forward the work. A 
meeting is to be held on the 12th inst., at which the 
contracts will be signed. Work will be commenced, 
as soon as the weather will permit, on the walls and 
on the floorings, which are to be repaired. In our 
next issue we hope to be able to speak more fully of 
the general design for the Hall proper, which we are 
told is extremely effective and appropriate. 

The concert given in the chapel, Wednesday, was 
a success in every way. The weather was bad but 
every seat was filled, about two hundred people being 
present. Where every part was received with such 
favor, it would be hard to discriminate between them. 
Perhaps the solo by Mrs. Carniichael, and the song 
by Mrs. Lee, were especially fine. The following is 
the programme : 
1. Duet for Flute and Clarinet — Rondo d'Elizabetta. 

S. W. Wilson, C. C. Hutchins. 



Song— "Jingle Bells." 

Quartets— O. F. Gushing, S. "W. Walker, 1st Tenor; 
. C. S. Cutler, John Dike, 2d Tenor; 
C. W. Longren, F. E. Perham, 1st Bass; 
G. H. Pierce, C. H. Stetson, 2d Bass. 
Clarinet Solo — Fantasia Oberon. Weber. 

C. C. Hutchins. 
Song — The Trooper. Flumpton. Prof. Chapman. 

Piano Solo. Mrs. Carmichael. 

Song — " 'Twas a very Stormy Night." 

Quartets — Same as in No. 2. 
Flute Solo — La Sireue. Terschak. J. W. Wilson. 

Song — " It ought not thus to be." O. F. Cushing. 

Song — " Nellie Gray." 

Quartets— Same as in No. 2. 
Piano Solo. E. R. Jewett. 

Song— L'Estasi. Arditi. Mrs. L. A. Lee. 

Duet for Flute and Clarinet — Adelaide. Beethoven. 

J. W. Wilson, C. C. Hutchins. 



PERSONAL.. 



[We earnestly solicit communications to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

'34. — Middlebury College, under Dr. Hamlin, is 
showing signs of unusual activity. A new cabinet 
for the philosophical apparatus has been built along 
the entire length of the philosophical room. In 
Painter Hall twelve rooms and the halls joining them 
have been thrown into one, which is to be used as a 
gymnasium. 

'42. — Rev. Charles Packard died at Windham, 
N. H., Feb. 20, 1881, aged 62 years 4 months 6 days. 

'47. — The Monday lectures at Tremont Temple 
closed with an address from Rev. Johp Cotton Smith, 
who defended the doctrine of evolution. 

'53. — Melville W. Fuller is a lawyer at Chicago, 
whose clientage is limited only by his wishes. 

'57. — Rev. W. E. Darling, pastor of Union Church, 
Kennebunk, 1866-9, accepts a call to Wentworth, 
N. H. 

'63. — Rev. S. W. Pearson, a Congregational min- 
ister at Somerville, Mass., has become a Unitarian. 

'68. — C. E. Chamberlain is in business at Bristol, 
where he is doing finely. 

'72. — Marcellus Coggin has formed a business con- 
nection with Child & Powers, Boston. 

'79. — Henry B. Cai-leton is at present studying at 
the Divinity School, 39th and Walnut Streets, Phila- 
delphia. 

'79. — Elwood F. Varney, formerly of this class, 
has resigned his Commission at West Point and 
has accepted a position as Civil Engineer on the 
Southern Pacific at Fort Worth, Texas. 

'80. — Jameson, formerly of this class, is at pres- 
ent in '81, Rochester University. 

'80. — A. M. Edwards has gone West; will settle 
in Iowa or Dakota. 

'80. — W. P. Perkins is now studying law with 
Burbank & Derby at Saco. 

'83. — Warren, formerly of this class, is at present 
at the Medical School of the University of Vermont, 
in Burlington. 



Vol. X. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MARCH 30, 1881. 



No. 17. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY, DURING THE 
COLLEGIATE YEAR, BY THE CLASS OF '81, OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD, 

Frederick G. Stevens, Managing Editor. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Business Editor. 

Charles H. Cutler, Carroll E. Harding, 

Charles Haggerty, Horace B. Hathaway, 

John "W. Manson. 

Terms — $2,00 a year in advance ; sinf^le copies, 15 cents. 
Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Communications 

in regard to all other matters should be directed to the Managing Editor, 
Students and Alumni of the college are cordially invited to contribute 

articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be accompanied by the 

writer's real name. 



Entered at the Post Office at Brunswick as Second Class mail matter. 



COITTENTS. 
Vol, X,, N"o. 17,— March 30, 1881. 

Editorial Kotes 197 

The Drill 200 

Literary: 

Orpheus (poem) 203 

Bowdoin Stories 203 

Toiees of Spring (poem). 204 

Memorial Hall 204 

College Items 205 

Personal 207 

Clippings 208 

Editors' Table 208 



EDITOHIAL HOTES. 



With the present number we lay down 
our quill and scissors, and vacate the well- 
worn chair at the approach of our successors. 
All the editorial duties of the past year have 
not been of unalloyed pleasure, it is true, but 
certain it is that the path of our experience 
has been generally bright, and the spots tliat 
have been here and there interspersed cannot 
perceptibly darken it. The acquaintances 
that have been formed through these columns 
of the Orient have been many and pleasant. 



and we trust will be more lasting than our 
duties. Our regard for old Bowdoin, too, has 
been stimulated and strengthened during the 
year by the more intimate acquaintance with 
her various needs and interests; and we 
more fully appreciate the work she has done 
and can yet do, by the influence and ideas of 
her alumni and students which we have wit- 
nessed during our editorial connection. The 
results of what we have done, the practice 
which we have had, and the habits which we 
have formed, must compensate in some degree 
for much of the college work we have ne- 
glected for the sake of our Oeibnt duties. 
But throughout the year we have made our 
paper the best one we could, and if it has not 
been in everj'' respect up to the ideal of many 
of our readers, we also beg leave to inform 
them that it has fallen below our standard, 
and that the wisdom of experience could cure 
many of its defects. The Muses, it is alleged, 
have not deigned to make an abiding place 
with us during the year ; but we cannot blame 
them, and the excuse they offer will cover 
many of our own shortcomings, and this ex- 
cuse is constantly the appearance of Psy- 
chology and its kindred. In looking back 
over our history of the year we have no rea- 
son to be dissatisfied with our motives, if we 
are with our work, and we feel that we can 
ask for some appreciation for what we willed 
and labored to perform. To all our friends 
who have earnestly and steadily supported us 
in our work we return our most cordial 
thanks ; and to them, as well as to our many 
and eminent critics, we make our last little 
bow, and bid all our kindliest farewell. 



At the annual meeting of the Orient 



198 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Board, held Saturday, March 19th, the fol- 
lowing were unanimously elected as the Board 
of Editors from '82: E. T. McCarthy, C. H. 
Gilman, M. S. Hoi way, W. A. Moody, W. O. 
Plimpton, A. G. Staples, G. G. Weeks. We 
present them to our readers with the assur- 
ance that they will ever strive for the best 
interests of the paper and the college, and 
ask for them a continuation of the same 
favors that has been granted to ourselves. 



For what do we issue our paper ? From 
the very beginning of the year this very per- 
tinent question has been put to us, and it 
should certainly seem as though it were not 
difficult of reply. This paper has been de- 
signed to be the organ of the interests of the 
college. It has tried to commend whatever 
has appeared during the year that has seemed 
worthy of it, and it has also sought to repri- 
mand as delicately but as strongly as was 
necessary, whatever it considered detrimental 
to the welfare of the college and its students. 
It has been the organ of no clique or class, 
and the favors shown one party in any con- 
troversy have been willingly returned to the 
other ; and whatever side we may appear to 
have taken, we think has been that of the 
more thoughtful and conservative portion of 
our college community. 

We have not endeavored to have a " smart 
paper," if by that is meant an eager striking 
at whatever any one has deemed effusive, but 
we have tried to set forth the facts plainly 
and squarely in the many cases where we 
thought improvement was needed, but cer- 
tainly with no ill-feeling or desire of conten- 
tion, and with no more belligerent or personal 
spirit than was necessary to enforce attention. 
In every strong or apparently harsh statement 
we have made, we ask for a careful and im- 
partial reasoning of motives and facts, and 
w^hatever the results maj' have been, we feel 
that vp^e have done our best to have set them 
right. We are aware that there has been 



many and virulent criticisms on some of our 
positions, and that things have been said and 
done not worthy even of our reply, but to 
them, as a parting word, we think we can be 
assured in stating that, whatever has been con- 
trary to the best interests of all, will be 
opposed in the future just as vigorously and 
forcibly as we have done in the past. 

We have made no pretension to a literary 
paper, but we have prepared some of the his- 
tory of our college and its several institutions, 
sketches and anecdotes that would be of in- 
terest, and all the news and opinions on it 
that seemed fitting to our college publication. 
Our defects we realize, and our best wishes 
and experience are ever at the service of our 
successors that the Orient may continue to 
be the best and fearless exponent of the col- 
lege, of its alumni, faculty, and students. 



In accordance with the statement which we 
made in our last issue, we publish in our pres- 
ent number the principal reasons which have 
actuated so large a majority of the students 
who have opposed the drill. .Prejudice and 
descended unpopularity have undoubtedly had 
their influence for its diminished numbers of 
the past few years, but we think that beyond 
and beneath all that, with many of the most 
thoughtful and conscientious of the students, 
there -were many and powerful arguments 
wJiich decided their action. The Orient has 
always endeavored to present the views of 
every side, and what opposition to the drill 
has been manifested in our columns during 
the past year, has been due to what we judged 
our duty in giving expression to the honest 
and considerate opinion of a majority of the 
students. 



The Acta has at last abandoned its pet 
project of an Inter- Collegiate Press Associa- 
tion, on account of the want of encourage- 
ment of the papers of the principal colleges, 
as Harvard, Yale, Cornell, etc. For our part, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



199 



although we sympathized with the Acta in its 
efforts for its establishment, and heartily ap- 
proved the idea when started, yet from our 
distance from the point of meeting, the pecu- 
liarly inconvenient time, and from the fact 
we should no longer have control of the 
Orient, we should have been obliged to have 
been absent from the association if formed. 
Under the present circumstances it must 
slumber for some years yet, but we think or 
hope certainly that some time that such an 
organization will exist among our principal 
colleges, and the good anticipated at present 
may be realized. 



All who take any pride in the beauty of 
our campus should not forget that this is the 
season in which it can be and is usually much 
injured. Some men walk across the turf 
when they might just as well go by the paths, 
without thinking that at this time of the year 
they are greatly injuring the grass by leaving 
deep foot-prints in the soft ground. There 
are quite a number of paths made now which 
much disiigure the appearance of various por- 
tions of our campus, and we should all care 
that there may be no more of them, and those 
that do exist be no larger than is absolutely 
necessary. The ground at present is very 
soft, and if those who see the reasonableness 
of this suggestion will but wait until it is 
firmer, we think the improvement will be 
noticeable to all. 



At a class meeting held Monday, March 
21st, the Juniors proposed a novel and, in 
many respects, an excellent plan for our 
spring holidays. Their object is to have all 
the athletic exercises come after the Ivy Hop, 
both to secure a larger attendance at the hop, 
and to give the participants in the sports an 
opportunity to enjoy all the events. By this 
arrangement Boat Race and Base-Ball would 
be held on Thursday forenoon and afternoon 
respectively; on Friday, Field Day and Ivy 



Exercises, to conclude all with the Ivy Hop 
in the evening. This plan has its obvious 
merits, but it will have one disadvantage. 

We could not expect as large an at- 
tendance of friends and outsiders to the 
sports in the middle of the week as we could 
at the last. At the Ivy Exercises and Boat 
Race there would be no difference or advan- 
tage, but in Base-Ball, and more especially on 
Field Day, it is extremely desirable, from a 
pecuniar}^ point of view, to have a goodly 
crowd. It is comparatively easy for men in 
the neighboring colleges, and in business in 
the cities to get away Saturday, and tliose are 
the ones who have so largely swelled our re- 
ceipts in the past, but if the time is changed 
we cannot reasonably expect to have much of 
a crowd from this source, and of course no 
such excitement and financial success that we 
know is possible. But the benefit to the men 
engaged in the sports, and the ample time 
that is assured, will make this change, on the 
whole, a desirable one. 



At the very beginning of our sporting 
season it seems tliat it would be well for our 
student-body to consider what are its duties 
toward our sports and the men who engage in 
them. Every man should take an interest if 
not an active part in some of them, and the 
benefits of it will be soon manifest in one's 
own physical welfare, as well as in the in- 
creased enthusiasm and ability of the college 
as a whole. This interest does not consist 
in grudgingly giving a small amount semi- 
annually to one or more of the sporting asso- 
ciations, and then loudly growling about its 
expenditure the remainder of the year, nor 
does it consist in the constant and ill-natured 
criticism of the various men who spend their 
time and moiie}'^ to further our sports. But 
it is in attending the meetings of the various 
organizations, and selecting the right men for 
the responsible positions ; in contributing as 
liberally as one can afford and not complain if 



200 



boWdoin orient. 



the money does not always bring victory ; in 
criticising certainly, but with the aim always 
to improve, and never for the sake of mere 
fault-finding ; and VFatching and encouraging 
the men at their work, and giving them to 
understand that they are supported by the 
sentiment and substance, which is quite as 
necessary, of the students. It is extremely 
rare that one is found who does his duty in 
these particulars, but we surely cannot expect 
our sports to thoroughly prosper until every 
man is willing to at least do the best he can 
by them. 



It has been frequently asked of late by 
some of the more thoughtful and busy of the 
students. Why cannot the library be opened 
Sunday afternoon, so that the students may 
have access to the magazines and some por- 
tion of the books ? Since the readitig-room 
magazines have been taken from their old 
stand, the time is quite limited in which there 
is an opportunity for most of the students to 
read them, and it would seem but fair that as 
large a portion as possible be restored to them. 
To very many of the students, too, the vs^eek 
days, and especially the afternoons, are busily 
occupied, and there could be no better chance 
for them to become acquainted with our valua- 
ble library and the current magazine litera- 
ture than on those afternoons which are usu- 
ally wasted. In some of our principal colleges 
this request has been granted, and the reasons 
for it are certainly as powerful here as with 
them, and we trust that those who desire this 
change will in some way bring this matter 
before the authorities. 



THE DRILL. 

It is with two-fold reluctance that we 
endeavor to give our own views of the drill 
in this number of the Oeient. We hope 
that the students will forbear with the recall 
of so old a story, on the ground that the let- 



ters which were published in the last issue did 
not express the sentiments of a majority of the 
undergraduates, nor, as we think, of the alumni. 
We again ask the pardon of our readers if we 
appear presumptuous in undertaking to answer 
the arguments of men so prominent in life, 
and sincerely interested in the college affairs. 
And as an excuse, we claim that others 
scarcely less prominent, or devoted to Bow- 
doin, are by no means pleased with the prom- 
inence which is given to the drill. And were 
we not bound by a request of strict confidence, 
we should be pleased to give the space we are 
filling to a letter the tone of which, and the 
name of whose writer, would be a much 
stronger argument. 

It is claimed that one who does not have 
a practical knowledge of military tactics, is 
without a complete modern education. If we 
admit this statement, how well does it accord 
with the statement of Mr. Chandler that, 
" with the exception of President Chamber- 
lain, there was not a member of the Board 
who could understand the details of a modern 
military campaign." Does it serve to give us 
a high respect for the Board ? And to carry 
it still further, we must feel that our instruct- 
ors, the authorities of our text-books, the men 
who stand high in political, religious, and 
social circles, those who shape the thought of 
the day are lacking in the " completeness " of 
a modern education. We must look for ex- 
ample in the military man. 

If it is true that a modern education can 
only be completed by a knowledge of military 
tactics, why do such colleges as Harvard and 
Yale prefer to be without an instructor in this 
branch? Yale refused the services of a 
Brigadier General ; we cry out with alarm 
lest we lose a Lieutenant. It is claimed that 
a local militia would be of great value in case 
of mobs. But rather would not the sympathy 
of citizens of the same place naturally tend 
in the same direction, and thus our local 
soldiery prove an ally of disorder rather than 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



201 



a correcting force ? In 1877, at the time of 
the labor riots in our large cities, the militia 
were worse than useless, and the United 
States regulars were called in to restore the 
order which was only increased by local mili- 
tary sympathy. 

The drill is favored as a method of physi- 
cal exercise, and just here is the cliief opposi- 
tion of the student-body. It interferes with 
our sports. Those who drill the year round, 
cannot enter into the contests of the Deltaor the 
river. Those who drill at all must lose their 
training for these sports. That this method 
of physical development is better than any 
other we deny, and cite the authority of no 
less a man than Dr. Dio Lewis, who, with 
others, has repeatedly demonstrated that the 
drill does not bring into play as many of the 
muscles as a well-regulated system of gymna- 
sium exercise. The end of all physical exer- 
cise is to call for the development of as many- 
muscles as possible, and as many motions. 
But you ask, what if it does interfere with 
the college sports ? What do they amount to ? 
We acknowledge even moi'e fully than our 
military friends, that neither of these depart- 
ments are by any means the end of college. 
But we do claim that wherever, in addition 
to our higher duties, we do ourselves honor 
in sporting matters in so far we add to the 
life, the name, and the character of Bowdoin. 
It helps to plant the germ of love for Alma 
Mater in the breast of the loyal graduate. 
He can look back to his college days as days 
of pleasure, activity, and fruitful associations, 
as well as days of literary discipline. Claim 
this if you will for " the department of the 
general government." I will show you ten 
instances of unenviable notoriety to everj^ one 
of popularity it has given Bowdoin. I can 
take you to scores of young men who are 
beginning to make a mark in life and become 
of influence, graduates of this college, who 
either are lukewarm in their praise or hot in 
their denunciation of their Ahna Mater. They 



are men who were in college when the drill 
was prominent. It was the drill which alien- 
ated their affections from Bowdoin, and it 
was the drill that gave the college the heaviest 
stroke of ill-fortune within the memory of the 
greater majority of its graduates, as they can- 
not, if they would, deny. 

It is said that the drill gives a better per- 
sonal bearing, and a hope is expressed " that 
hereafter at Bowdoin the slouching gait will 
be the exception and not the rule," and the 
testimony of a Brunswick lady is called to 
witness in favor of the superior gait of the 
militia. We cannot help thanking our fiiend 
for his high compliment, and congratulate our 
female friend on her wonderful acuteness of 
judgment. She must be an adept in distin- 
guishing the different gaits of young men, 
or have undertaken to administer a strong 
dose of that substance known among modern 
druggists as " Tafiy." With what success 
those who notice the carriage of our students 
may judge for themselves. But we would 
ask if the carriage of returned soldiers, 
after an experience of years, bears Mr. 
Woodman out in his theory ? How much less 
would a drill of irregular occurrence during 
a college course accomplish this desired end. 
True there are exceptional cases of marvelous 
erectness, wliich produces, in aU the cases we 
have noticed, an awkward stiffness in place of 
the desired grace. We deny that our cadets, 
as a rule, have a better gait or personal 
appearance, than a majority of the rest of the 
students. And as we have no other grounds 
of proof, we base our denial on our own per- 
sonal observance, and appeal to the fairness 
of others to do the same. 

It is urged that the drill teaches " obedi- 
ence to legitimate authority," and " breeds a 
consequent respect for instructors." If the 
story of the military rebellion of Bowdoin was 
not handed down to us, as well as circulated 
largelj' in all parts of the State hj our own 
graduates, we might yet gather very striking 



m 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ideas of the spirit of " the obedience " and 
" respect " which caused all but two members 
of one class to rebel against the laws of the 
college. If this is the spirit of obedience which 
the drill inculcates, then we say good-bye drill. 

We quote from a letter of the Sundae/ 
Herald the testimony of Rev. Dr. Allen, of 
Northboro, before the Massachusetts Legisla- 
ture, as indicative of another militarj^ trait of 
character, "The influence of the drill and 
discipline upon tlie boys was to make thejn 
unpleasant toward each other." A very good 
recommendation from one in a position of 
such extensive acquaintance. We beg pardon 
from quoting also the summary of this as we 
tliink admirable letter: "We object then to 
the military drill because it is less effective 
for physical training than other gymnastics, 
because it interferes witli school studies, be- 
cause it pampers the love of show and display, 
because it is so opposed to the well defined 
purposes of our school system, and its intro- 
duction was pronounced by the City Solicitor 
of Boston as illegal. We object to it because 
it is shown to be wholly unnecessary even in 
the case of nations far more exposed to ex- 
ternal enemies, and because as a protection 
against internal disorders it may prove a two- 
edged sword, quite as likely to wound as to 
defend us. But most of all we object because 
instead of nurturing those feelings and senti- 
ments which most powerfully promote peace 
and good will among men, its tendency is to 
weaken abhorence of war, — to cause the 
young to look upon it as leading to glory and 
distinction, and not as the source of the 
greatest evils that befall mankind." 

That this quotation is as applicable in our 
case as in tliat for which it was written we 
affirm ; first, because an acknowledged tend- 
ency of all colleges, our own among the 
others, is to crowd too much matter for study 
upon the students. Thoroughness is often sac- 
rificed for the amount of matter, quality too 
often gives way to quantity. Military tactics 



as a study is alien to the purpose of our insti- 
tution, and its strongest defendants dare not 
claim for it anything but a secondary place. 
It is substituted for the gymnasium work. No 
one will deny that it takes more time, and 
those competent to judge say that it affords 
less exercise, or at least a poorer quality. 
Exercise is its legitimate function here. In 
this it has been repeatedly proven to fall short 
of its mark. 

Although among students for one class to 
call others fond of " show and display " is a 
matter to be generally avoided, we cannot 
help thinking that there are some, yes, man\% 
who drill on this account, as well as many 
who are perhaps unconsciously drawn into it 
b3' the favoritism shown in this direction by a 
minority of the Faculty. We are loth to 
make this statement, although it is our hon- 
est conviction, because in all our sporting 
matters the Faculty have been our very best 
friends, pecuniarily and in every other way 
possible, but no careful observer, we tliink, 
will deny that special inducements are offered 
to those who will take the drill. . Is it a mat- 
ter of wonder that when such partiality is 
shown, "the students do not appear to take 
an interest generally in this department of 
instruction" (?) ? In quoting this portion of 
the " President's last report to the Boards," 
we should like to have it compared with the 
impression of the brilliant prospect of the 
drill which the other three communications 
might give to those ignorant of facts. 

Again, in the approval and " hobbyism " 
of the authorities of the present, it should be 
borne ever before their minds that this insti- 
tution was founded by other than them- 
selves and upon principles made sacred by 
sacrifices of the zeal and wealth of others. It is 
not the duty, not the moral right of any now liv- 
ing to attack, either directly or indirectly, the 
monuments of these worthy men who can 
only defend themselves by the reverence 
which belongs to them. It was only a few 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



203 



years ago that it seemed to be a question of 
life and death between drill and college. 
Both received serious wounds, and a period 
of peace has followed in which both have 
gradually been recovering. They are mortal 
enemies. They will onlj^ recover to renew 
the struggle. "Choose you this day which 
you will for j'ou cannot serve both God and 
Mammon." 

There may be many who have withheld 
contributions to our sports because the drill 
has been spurned. There may be many 
whose "heart toward the Boat Club may 
begin to warm because the drill prospers." 
But we would say that the prosperity of the 
drill is not due to the Boating Association, 
as there is not a boating man who drills, and 
few are likely to enlist even if contributions 
be made to their interests on the condition 
that the drill prosper. 



LITERARY. 



ORPHEUS. 



Hear that lonely-liearted bird 

In ttie cypress calling so ! 
Hear its oft-repeated word, 

" Orptieus," " Orpheus," sad and low, 
Floating outward through the shadows — 

Can it be a bird or no ? 



Where the poet's grave was cold 
And the low branch bended o'er, 

Sang the nightingale of old 

Of the Voice that sang no more ? 

Is it true, or but a story 

From the fabulous days of yore ? 

ni. 
Ah ! such glory is not passed, 

Every poet finds the same ; 
O'er his voiceless dust at last 

Sings the golden tongue of fame : 
Songs we love most, somehow utter 

Evermore the singer's name. 



BOWDOIN STORIES. 

One of Bowdoin's earlier Presidents was 
intensely unpopular with the students ; so un- 
popular, indeed, that one class sent to hira, 
through one of its members, a statement of 
its utter contempt for him. On one occasion 
this President invited a portion of the stu- 
dents to his liouse. Another portion feeling 
that they had been slighted resolved to take 
vengeance on the " Prex." He was in the 
habit of wearing a well-worn "plug" with 
such constancy as to convey the impression 
that he had no other hat. Therefore in seek- 
ing for a means of revenge, our friends could 
think of no better, than by taking away that 
very necessary article. So they successfully 
purloined it and deposited it in the safest 
place possible, on the summit of the old 
wooden chapel tower. The "Prex" was up 
betimes the next morning and at once missing 
his hat he suspected the manner of its dis- 
appearance. He determined to find it again 
before the students had an opportunity to 
enjoy his embarrassment. After considera- 
ble search, he espied his propert}' on its high 
perch, and in his impatience he resolved to 
ascend himself to bring it down. However, 
not being a skilful climber his first attempt 
failed, and it also attracted considerable at- 
tention. Heated and provoked he tried again 
and again to compass his end, but only suc- 
ceeded in making himself an object of sport 
for the assembled students. Finally he gave 
up his job in disgust to others better fitted 
for such work. 

A few years ago a young man was a mem- 
ber of Bowdoin who last winter took a part in 
the politics of the State not creditable to him- 
self or his party. While he was in college he 
displayed a needless penury. In his Junior 
year he was still wearing a suit which, when 
he came to college, was of a light color, but 
by long wear had become offensively dirty. 
Some of the boys resolved to force the putting 
away of this suit, and took the following means 



204 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of doing it. After our friend had retired for 
the night, the suit was obtained and ribbons of 
all colors were sewed in all directions over 
it. As the students were obliged to attend 
prayers at 6 A.M. in those days, it was easily 
arranged that no other clothes should be avail- 
able in the rush to get to chapel. So the gen- 
tleman appeared before the whole college in 
his suit of many colors. The effect, it is 
hardly necessary to state, was that the ob- 
noxious garments never appeared again. 

Among the jolly boys of Bowdoin a few 
years ago was a young man, now a successful 
phj^sician, noted for his ready wit. He once 
yearned for some choice apples which were 
growing in the orchard of a farmer near by. 
He, therefore, provided himself with a capa- 
cious bag and betook himself to the orchard. 
But there he found that some boys had antici- 
pated him, and had already secured a large 
supply of the fruit. Our friend was equal to 
the occasion. He at once personated the in- 
dignant owner, and gave the boys a very moral 
lecture on the wickedness of their course, 
which so moved them that they left their 
apples on the spot. The great moralist then 
carried out his purpose by gathering the fruit 
in his own sack. 

Not long ago hazing was so vigorous in 
college that bold Sophomores ventured to 
make Freshmen, rooming in private houses, 
"light out" and "light up." Some Sopho- 
mores seeing a light in a room supposed to be 
occupied by a Fresliman, set up the cry for 
him to put his light out. As it chanced, the 
room was occupied by a very energetic lady. 
She, becoming impatient at the persistence of 
the Sophs, blew out her light, but immediately 
threw upon the boys a bath of cold water, 
which decidedly dampened their zeal. 

One evening some students and young 
ladies were enjoying asocial evening together. 
One of the students suggested that they 
should have some milk punch. As no milk 
was available, he was told that there was a 



cow in a neighboring stable which he might 
milk. He readily undertook the job. After 
trying half an hour without success, he was 
comforted with the information that the cow 
had been milked only an hour before. 



VOICES OF SPRING. 

[The following ch.nrming sketch fi-om nature is supposed to 
have l)den found in a fly-leaf of an bid hook in the library, and 
from the handwriting, sentiments, and meti'e many have con- 
jectured that it was "wi'itten by Longfellow during liis college 
days, beneath our famous *' Wliispering Pines," but at any rate 
we commend it to the impartial judgment of oiu" readers.] 

Earth wakes once more from long repose 

And changing white, in verdure glows. 

Hope springs again with I'ond delight 

Within man's heart at this glad sight ; 

And as a captive fiend at last 

He feels the biting cold has past. 

But ere there come such thoughts of cheer, 

Some voices whisper " Spring is here." 

And strange scenes, too, will greet one's eye, 

Reminding ever " Spring is nigh." 

The " festive yagger " on his rounds 

Again is heard within our grounds : 

And then beside the hall is seen, 

Shouting as yore, " Spittoons to clean!" 

" Clean one for five or two for eight; " 

Just then an old shoe taps his pate, 

And as the busy inmate swears 

He speeds his journey down the stairs. 

At morning now no rest is found. 

For then the busy crow comes round. 

Whose voice, though sweet as rusty saws, 

Yet stands by Iiis eternal " caws." 

Down town you go, and by the way 

The small boys still at marbles play. 

And little further down the street 

The first hand-organ man you meet. 

They follow him, a seedy crowd 

With awakward steps and voices loud, 

A gang of " Medics " trooping past 

With flowing hair and pants " half mast." 

"Half Mast," a sign the sailor knows, 

That signals death wliere'er it goes. 

Such sights and sounds iu accents clear. 

At once remind us " Spring is near." 



MEMORIAL HALL. 

After many difficulties and obstacles work 
is now to begin in earnest on the building. 
It is found necessary to have the seams in the 
stone work of the entire building thoroughly 
o-routed and pointed. Several stones will 
have to be reset. The backing inside will 
also be substantially repaired. The great 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



205 



windows of the main story are to be cut 
down two feet, for the better effect of the 
interior. 

The plans adopted by the committee show, 
in the first place, a fine vestibule with two 
staircases running to the upper floor. A 
janitor's room and a coat room occupy the 
spaces under the stall's, each side. On the 
first floor, a wide passage way leads to the 
principal lecture room, which occupies nearly 
the entire north half of the floor space. Two 
smaller rooms open from this passage way, 
one on each side, east and west. These can 
be used for recitation rooms or small lecture 
rooms. The larger room will seat perhaps 
three hundred persons, and will be used for 
general purposes and when it is desirable to 
bring all the college together. It will be fin- 
ished with a view to the possible necessity of 
holding chapel services there in the winter 
and on Sundays, until something can be done 
to make the chapel more comfortable and con- 
venient for such use. 

The designs for the principal hall, on the 
second floor, give a beautiful effect. The cut- 
ting down of the windows, before referred to, 
will greatly add to this. All the windows 
will be filled with cathedral glass, and under- 
neath the round, or medallion, windows will 
be the memorial tablets. Pilasters will be 
finished between each window, running up to 
the floor beams, and thus making a paneled 
wall with a long window and a round window 
and tablet in the alternate sections. The 
walls, cornices, and ceiling will be ornamented 
with decorative painting. Over the entrance 
will be a gallery, occupying the space above 
the vestibule, and capable of seating seventy- 
five persons. At the opposite end, around 
three sides of the stage, arranged as a section 
of an ellipse, will be a series of seats, rising 
and receding towards the wall where they 
will meet the window sills, thus giving, at 
once, an economical and picturesque use of 
space. This plan, it will be understood, shows 



the entire ceiling and windows of the second 
story, and utilizes all the corners of the floor 
space by ante-rooms, rising only to the height 
of the upper Avindows. 

This will be the alumni hall, and will be 
the place for Commencement dinners and all 
large gatherings, except the regular Com- 
mencement ceremonies of the graduating 
class. It will seat about seven hundred 
persons. 

The offers and bids hitherto made have 
been quite above the money at the disposal 
of the college for this purpose, and it has 
been found necessary to have new plans and 
specifications made providing for a reduction 
of cost in details, which wUl not seriously im- 
pair the general effectiveness of the design. 

The contracts are already made for the 
repairs and improvements on the walls. The 
rest will soon be concluded, and all work com- 
mence at once. 



COLLEGE ITEMS. 



The Medics kick foot-ball. 

Bruuswick mud is nearly dry. 

Divers students rejoiced at the Bath Centennial. 

Bates is anxious to get a chance to play our nine. 

The treasurer of the B. B. A. has a goodly deposit 
in the bank. 

" Will some one please wake up the gentleman in 
the corner ? " 

Term closes Friday, April 1st, and opens Tues- 
day, April 12th. 

Some one suggested that " Billy" ask him if we 
were going to have an early spring. 

Prayers Sunday afternoons at half-past five. A 
variety of quartettes furnish singing. 

The present volume of the Orient is over twenty 
pao-es larger than any of its predecessors. 

One Soph's future must seem to be surrounded 
with a halo of happiness. He is engaged. 

Prof. — " Mr. W., the Faculty consider you a very 
deserving young man, and award you a stage and ten 
marks." Mr. W. thinks it a doubtful compliment. 



206 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



H. A. Wing, '80, called upon us for a few days. 

A Senior in Moral Science talks about the wrong 
in breaking any of the twelve comviandments. 

The Seniors taking electives are as follows : 7 
German, 16 Chemistry, 17 English Literature. 

In the Maine Medical School there are one hun- 
dred and ten names on the register, the largest class 
ever in attendance. 

Senior translates, "Bin einmals da,'''' "I was 
there." Inst. — "No! bin! bin!" Senior — "Oh, 
yes ! I have been there." Instructor gets mad. 

Pres. Chamberlain gives one evening per week to 
the Seniors for an informal talk and questioning, and 
it is much enjoyed by the boys. First time one week 
ago last Saturday. 

They say " Stib" captured a wooden Indian from 
the front of some cigar store the other night in New 
York, and was exhibiting it on a ferry boat as the 
" only and original King Philip." 

The nine got out on the delta Monday, March 21st, 
and have been putting in some good practice. The 
men take hold well, and if we are not greatly mis- 
taken Bowdoin will show up this year the strongest 
team yet. 

First Senior (stroking the down on his lip) — 
"Think I shall go down, Harry, and have this taken 
off." Second Senior — "Just so, Ed. When you do, 
I'd like a spear for a keepsake, if there is enough to 
go around, you know." Ed. rushes to barber. 

They were going home from the rehearsal. He 
a light weight. She not so light. The night was 
dark. It was wet and slippery. As their four feet 
flew into the air she cried, "Heavens ! " Then there 
was a concussion, and old mother earth shook as 
from the blow of a pile driver. 

When the boys received those very tony cards, 
inclosed in very tony envelopes, visions of beauty, 
sweet strains of music, and even the sense of having 
partaken too freely of Roman punch seemed to assail 
them. But alas for human hopes. 'Twas but the 
advertisement of a tailor, and now they will go out 
of town for their spring suits. 

There was a little maid 

And she was afraid 

To go borne alone from the tire. 

So she found a Utile man 

And together oS they ran 

To bear back the news to her sire. 

But she stubbed her little toes 

On a length of dirty hose 

And sprawled In a very graceful manner; 

Then he down upon her fell, 

Rolled over with a yell, 

Gave a " cuss " and a very bad " Hose-anna." 



Snow burned his hand badly in the laboratory with 
hot sulphuric acid. 

A glee club is to be formed and instruction given 
in college songs by Mr. Kotzschraar. 

The Musical Association has begun its second 
term with as many attending as the first. 

Prof. Packard has been in Boston for the past 
week, for the purpose of having his profile taken by 
an artist. 

The limitation for the base-ball subscriptions has 
already expired, and every delinquent should haste 
to settle his little bill. 

We would mildly suggest that the janitor of the 
reading-room take a day off and clean the lamp chim- 
nej's of the same. 

President Chamberlain met the Seniors, Thursday 
evening, in Senior recitation room, for discussing 
current topics in an informal manner. 

The photographs of the drawings and jjaintings of 
the Bowdoin collection are now for sale at the book- 
store of Mr. Curtis. They are all that could be ex- 
pected from the workmanship of Mr. Reed, and as 
many as possible of the students should procure them. 

Senior (to waitress at one of the clubs) — "Have 
you any fresh eggs in the house ? " Waitress — "No, 
we haven't." Senior (a little incredulous) — "Hon- 
est, now, haven't you ? " The waitress waxes very 
indignant at thus having her word impugned, but 
proceeds to bring on the eggs. 

Prof. Robinson has received from Dr. Hutchins, of 
Reno, Nevada, about twenty-live specimens of silver 
ore from new mines situated at Beowawe. The 
specimens are very rich, varying from $60 to $900 
per ton. Those in duplicate will be used in metal- 
lurgical work by the Seniors next term. 

Whether the "Elder" knows anything else when 
he leaves college or not, he will surely be an adept 
in the art of sawing fiddle strings. For he scrapes 
from "early morn till dewy eve," and then right 
through to early morn, as near as can be judged. 
We sincerely pity the instructor and students who 
room below, above, and around him. 

Captains — F.L. Johnson, Co. A; H. W. Chamber- 
lain, Co. B ; F. B. Merrill, Co. C. Lieutenants — C. 
H. Cutler, Co. A ; A. D. Gray, Co. B ; J. W. Crosby, 
Co. C. 1st Sergeants — E. R. Jewett, Co. A ; B. Sew- 
all, Co. B ; J. F. Waterman, Co. C. 2d Sergeants — 
W. S. Pearson, Co. A ; G. B. Swan, Co. B : H. A. 
Bascom, X3o. C. Corporals — 1st, R. Linscott ; 2d, F. 
H. Gile; 3d, W.J.Collins. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



207 



On Saturday afternoons the squads shoot at targets 
in the lower Memorial Hall, under the direction of 
Lieut. Crawford. The regular Creedmore target is 
used, the bull's eye being one-sixth tlie regulation 
size, the distance (fifty feet) one-sixth the regulation 
distance, and the powder one-fourteenth the usual 
charge. On Saturday afternoon some good scores 
were made, the best shot being 22 out of a possible 25. 

The Senior and Junior exhibition will be held at 
Lemont Hall, Thursday evening, March 31. The 
programmes are very neat and tasty, and Chandler's 
Six will furnish the music. The following is the 
order of exercises : 

MUSIC. 

Salutatory Oration in Latin. 

Frederic A. Fisher, Westford, Mass. 
Our Merchant Marine. Frederick C. Stevens, Veazie. 

Extract from Speech of Lacepede. English Version 

from French. * William G. Reed, Waldoboro. 

Eloquence. Clinton L. Baxter, Portland. 

MUSIC. 
Mormonism. Fred L. Johnson, Pittsfield. 

Irish Land Question. Daniel J. McGillicuddy, Lewiston. 
Meeting of Hector and Andromache. English 
Version from Greek. 

Charles E. Stinchfield, Brunswick. 
A Criticism on our Public Schools. 

Arthur G. Petlengill, Brewer. 

MUSIC. 

The Name of Shakespeare. Enrjlish Version from 

German. *Melvin S. Holwav, Augusta. 

William of Orange. William I. Cole, Brunswick. 

Eobespierre on Death of Louis XVI. English 
Version from French. 

* William A. Moody, Kennebunkport. 
The Merit System in Civil Service Reform. 

Harold W. Chamberlain, Brunswick. 

MUSIC. 
* Juniors. 



PERSONAL. 



[We earnestly solicit communications to this column 
from any who may have an interest in the Alumni.] 

At the recent Centennial Celebration at Bath, Rev. 
H. O. Thayer, '62, delivered the Historical Address, 
Hon. E. B. Nealley, '58, the Oration, and F. W. 
Hawthorne, '74, the Poem. 

We are requested to coi-rect the error in our last 
issue, that it was Rev. William H. Pierson, '64, and 
not Rev. Samuel W. Pearson, '62, who has recently 
joined the Unitarians. 

'23.— Hon. William George Crosby died at Belfast, 
Thursday, March 17th, aged 75. Mr. Crosby grad- 
uated in '23. Studied law and practiced in Belfast. 
He exhibited considerable taste for versification in 
his younger days, and delivered many orations and 
poems on various anniversaries and celebrations in the 
State. In 1846 he was appointed Secretary of Maine 



Board of Education and did much to elevate the com- 
mon schools during his oiiicial career of three years. 
Mr. Crosby was a strong and influential man in the 
Whig party of the State, and in 1850 was nominated 
by them as Governor, but was beaten by about 800 
majority. In 1853 and 1854 he was re-nominated and 
elected by the Legislatures, there being no election 
by the people. He was the last Whig Governor, and 
almost the last Whig candidate, though a shadow of 
a straight Whig organization survived for a few years 
longer. After his term of service as Governor, Mr. 
Crosby removed to Boston, where he lived from 1855 
to 1859. In the latter year, he returned to Belfast 
and continued in extensive law practice until his re- 
tirement in 1870. On February 22d, 1862, he read 
Washington's Farewell Address at a public meetino-. 
In 1866, he was appointed collector of the port of 
Belfast. In 1870 he was chairman of the committee of 
arrangements for the centennial celebration of the 
settlement of Belfast. In 1874-5, he published in 
the Belfast Journal a series of papers called the "An- 
nals of Belfast for Half a Century." He was ever 
highly respected by his fellow-citizens, and will be 
long held in remembrance by the people of this 
State whom he so well served in the Executive Chair. 

'24. — Dr. William Mason, a native of Castine, 
Me., but for thirty years a resident of Charlestown, 
Mass., died Sunday evening of pneumonia. He was 
a classmate of the late President Franlilin Pierce. 

'35.- — We found in an exchange a week or two 
since an obituary notice (date of death not given) of 
Thomas C. Lane, the only son of Col. Isaac Lane, 
born in Hollis in 1811. Lane did not gi-aduate with 
the class ; we find his name on the catalogue for 1833 
a Junior, but he had left college when the April cat- 
alogue of 1834 was printed. — Telegraph. 

'36. — In Boston on Sunday last, very suddenly of 
heart disease, Mr. Jabez H. Woodman, a remarkable 
scholar in not only languages but mathematics, 
though with no practical ability to use his knowl- 
edge to advantage. But he was a most genial man 
and esteemed by all his acquaintances. John A. 
Andrew of the class of 1837 roomed at first with 
Woodman,— in the house now occupied by Mr. Swett 
on Federal Street. — Telegraph. 

'43. — Hon. Abernethy Grover, until recently a 
resident of Bethel, in this State, has during the past 
year taken up his residence in the Territory of Mon- 
tana, where he is already extensively engaged in 
agriculture. His farm is located in one of the rich 
and productive valleys of that territory, in close 
proximity to the line of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 
the construction of which is now being rapidly pros- 
ecuted. — Lewiston Journal. 



208 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



'60. — Hon. William P. Frye, of Lewiston, has 
been elected to the United States Senate to succeed 
Secretary Blaine. 

'61. — Hon. T. W.Hyde has been re-elected Mayor 
of Bath. 

'61. — S. H. Manning was a prominent member of 
the recent Prohibitory Convention held in North Car- 
olina. 

'61. — Prof. A. S. Packard, Jr., of Brown Univer- 
sity, who is a member of the Entomological Commis- 
sion established by Congress, has gone to Texas for 
a few weeks in the service of the Government. 

'64. — O. W. Davis, Jr., is proprietor of the Katah- 
din Iron Works, and is doing a very extensive and 
profitable business. He employs three hundred 
hands, and manufactures a fine grade of iron. 

'65. — Rev. J. E. FuUerton has been called to the 
Congregational Church, Hopkinton, Mass., to suc- 
ceed Rev. H. O. Ladd, '59. 

'66. — S. B. Carter is one of the Trustees of the 
Newburyport Savings Bank. 

'69. — Rev. W. H. Woodwell has gone to the Sand- 
wich Islands, and is to preach in the District of Kau. 

'69. — Clarence Hale, Esq., has been re-elected City 
Solicitor of Portland. 

'70. — John B. Redman has been nominated by 
Governor Plaisted to be Judge of the Municipal 
Court of Ellsworth. A. P. Wiswell, '73, is the pres- 
ent incumbent. 

'72. — Harold Wilder was in town recently. 

'72.— Dr. W. C. Shannon, U.S.A., who has been 
residing at No. 15 West Thirty-first Street, New Yoi-k 
City, during the past winter on leave of absence, ex- 
pects to remain until the middle of April or May. 

'80. — Frank Winter has been admitted to the 
Oxford County Bar. 

'80. — Married at Sherman, March 20th, John 
Scott of Clifton, and Miss Justina E. Burnham of 
Sherman. 

'80. — H. B. Wilson has gone into business in 
Denver, Col. 



CLIPPIHGS. 



'Tis a knurly apple that catches the worm. — Ex. 

A literary student is anxious to know if George 
Eliot left a wife and children. — Ex. 

It is said that the most popular figure in the " Ger- 
man " is the female figure — probably, but we don't 
know. 

An Illinois girl's toast: "The young men of 
America — their arms our support, our arms their 
reward. Fall in, men." 

Smith — "That's a red nose you have there. Brown." 
Jones, the runner — " Yes, that's a beacon fire." (Beak 
on fire.) This is absolutely the last one we can 
chronicle. — Ex. Hope so. 

The Harvard Athletic Association proposes to 
Yale, a Yale-Harvard championship field meeting, to 
be held at Cambridge some time this spring ; also 
that each year, alternately at Yale and Harvard, a 
similar meeting be held. 



The Rochester Democrat knows a liveryman who 

thinks the great want of the day is young men with 
three arms. He vaguely says it would lessen the 
number of sleighing accidents. 

Three Vassar tourists, stopping at a small German 
inn last summer, are said to have filled in the column 
of the register headed " Occupation," with the words, 
"Looking for a husband." — Courant. 

This is a little co-oducational scene : Prof. — "Who 
will see Mr. B. before next Monday?" Lady Stu- 
dent (hesitating and blushing a little more) — "I shall 
see him Sunday night, probably." — Transcrii)t. 

Speaking of the "national game," we wonder if 
it is generally known how often Shakespeare speaks 
of it. Some patient explorer has found out the fol- 
lowing mentions of it b}' the great poet: 

Now lei's have a caleh. — Merry Wives. 

And so I shall eatch the fly. — Henry V. 

I will run no base. — Merry Wives. 

After he scores.— ^H's Well. 

Have you scored me. — Othello. 

The world is pitch anil ^Ay.— Henry V. 

These nine men in buckram. — Henry IV. 

What works my countrymen ? 

Where go you with bats and clubs ? — Goriolanus. 

Let us see you in the field. — Troilus and Vressida. 

I will fear to catch. — Timon. 

More like to run the country base. — Gymbeline. 



EDITORS' TAELE. 



As we now wiggle the pen for the last time in our 
present capacity, we feel that we shall miss the work, 
for we have enjoyed it, and enjoyed meeting the rep- 
resentatives from other colleges all over the land — • 
enjoyed it, even though we have not been called the 
" dear little Bowdoin Oriekt," by the Vassar Misc., 
as our predecessors were. 

It has been very pleasant to hear in this way from 
so many institutions, to know how they " do things 
there," and what interests them, and what they have, 
or fancy they have to growl about, " like we do." 

It is a hard thing to do justice to the vast pile of 
exchanges that come to us. We can't find time to 
carefully review every one, so we are very apt to 
pronounce them all only " fit for the waste-basket," 
in the most sweeping manner. Doubtless all have 
some good points, though we must admit that in 
many, the good points are more patent than in others. 
But we don't like the way of either condemning with- 
out judge or jury, or of lauding to the skies. One 
seems too much like setting ourselves up for infalli- 
ble critics, and the other too much like toadying. 
"Ehre dem, dem Ehre gebiihrt," we feel to be the 
right principle. If one number is not just all one 
thinks it should be, wait hopefully for the next. Our 
papers are designed for records of what goes on at 
our own institutions, we cannot be expected to look 
out for their pleasing every one else.