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Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



Frank L. .Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

Oliver P. Watts, '89 Business Editor. 

William M. P^merv, '89. 

George T. Files, '89. 

Fremont J. C. Little, '89. 
Daniel E. Owen, '89. 

Edward E. Stearns, '89. 

George B. Chandler, '90. 

John M. W. Moody, '90. 

Thomas C. Spillane, '90. 




Index to Volume XVIII. 



Abstract of Baccalaureate Sermon President Hyde 1)6 

Abstract of Rev. Mr. Howe's Sermon .188 

Advantages of Whist T. C. Spillane 139 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention B. C. Carroll 19 

Annual Convention of Theta Delta Chi J. R. Clark 153 

Arlo Bates W. M. Emery 223 

Base-Ball G. B. Chandler 20, ;i;!, .16, 94, lOfi 

Base-Ball V.V.Thompson 200 

Boat-Races, The F. J. C. Little oO 

Book Reviews D. E. Owen, Editor, 

12, 24, 39, 61, 8.3, 100, 112, 123, 135, 147. 159, 171, 183, 195, 207, 21.s, 237 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of Boston 201 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of New York 165 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of Portland 177 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of Washington 202 

Bowdoin College Observatory, The Prof. C. C. Hutchins 90 

Chapel Bell, The F. J. Allen 212 

Class Day F. L. Staples 67 

Class Feeling F. J. Allen 22(i 

Class History of '88 F. K. Linscott 67 

Class-Day Oration M. P. Smithwick 68 

CoLLKGii Tabula W. M. Emery, Editor, 

7, 21, 34, 58, 80, 94, 107, 119, 131, 143, 154, 16f;, 179, 190, 203, 213, 232 

College World F. J. C. Little, E. R. Stearns, Editors, 

11, 24, 38, 61, 84, 99, 111, 122, 134, 146, 158, 171, 182, 194, 206, 217, 236 

Commencement Day F. L. Staples 77 

Communications : 

Ccannients upon Comments J. M. W. Moody 138 

George Evans George Woods, '37 18 

Intercollegiate Athletics Prof. Joseph Torrey, '84 42 

Lecture Revival, A W. R. Hunt 165 

Nuisance, A W . R. Hunt 166 

Reading Room, The J, L. Doherty 190 

"Con" G. B. Chandler 118 

Consultation after Recitation G. B. Chandler 91 

Conversation A. V. Smith 224 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention W. M. Emery 128 

Editorial Notes F. L. Staples, Editor, 

1, 15, 27, 41, 63, 87, 101, 113, 125, 137, 149, 161, 173, 185, 198, 209, 219 

Elocution at Bowdoin W. R. Hunt 20 

Emin Pasha H. W. Jarvis 225 

Examinations F. J. Allen 187 

Examinations W. R. Hunt 211 

Examinations C. L. Hutchinson 227 

Examinations F. J. Allen 227 

Fast Set at Harvard, The G. B. Chandler 127 

Field Day '. E. R. Stearns 49 

George Eliot A. V. Smith 199 

George Sand J. M. W. Moody 31 

I N D E X .— ( Continued. ) 


Gladstone as a Public Man T. C. Spillane 121) 

Grinding F. J. Allen 178 

Hampton Students at Bowdoin E. R. Stearns 152 

Henry Winkley President Hyde 117 

Historic Scraps (I. and II.) W. M. Emery 1 -40, 150 

Ideas on Pranks and Faculties J. M. W. Moody 115 

lu Memoriam 11, 24, 99, 111, 122, 131, 168, 170, 21(; 

Ivy Day , W. M. Emery 52 

Ivy Hop D. E. Owen oti 

Ivy Oration J. M. Phelan 44 

Journalism at Bovpdoin (I. and II.) F. L. Staples 17, 30 

Massachusetts Trip, The F. L. Staples 6 

Medical Graduation, The F. L. Staples 73 

Medical Oration H. W. Page 73 

Melville Weston Fuller J. L. Crosby, '53 18 

Muse at Bowdoin, The G. T. Files 228 

Needed Reform, A E. H. Newbegin 187 

New Chapel Organ, The W. M. Emery 28 

Nomination of Chief Justice Fuller, The , 229 

Not More but Better Schools F. L. Staples 189 

Old May Training, The C. S. F. Lincoln 5 

Old Organ, The Josiah Crosby, '35 75 

One Method of Exercise. . .*. W. R. Hunt 199 

Our Distinguished Alumni G. B. Chandler 186 

Our Political Clubs G. B. Chandler 105 

Personal G. T. Files, Editor, 

10. 23, 36, 60, 84, 97, 109, 121, 132, 145, 156, 169, 181, 192, 205, 215, 234 

Peucinian and Athenasan Societies, The (I. and II.) . . .C. S. F. Lincoln lliS, 175 

Phi Beta Kappa 75 

Popularity F. J. Allen 151 

Presentation of Field-Day Awards W. M. Emery 51 

President Hyde's Sermon at Harvard 179 

Pro E. H. Newbegin 103 

Profusion of Modern Literature, The G. B. Chandler 141 

Psi Upsilon Convention W. R. Goding 33 

Reading , V. V. Thompson 201 

Reminiscences (I. and II.) Edmund Flagg, '35 43, 64 

Report of the Board of Overseers 74 

Report of the Librarian Prof. Little 76 

Reverie, A O. P. Watts 198 

Samuel Adams F. L. Staples 91 

Savonarola F. L. Staples 89 

Self-conceit A. V. Smith 212 

Seniors' Last Chapel W. M. Emery 55 

Sophomore-Freshman Contests, The. F. L. Staples 93 

Small Colleges G. B. Chandler 29 

Teaching A. P. McDonald 104 

Theta Delta Chi Convention J. R. Clark 153 

Value of Mathematics, The G. B. Chandler 210 

What We Need E. H. Newbegin 224 

What Some Alumni Told Me W. M. Emery 5 

What Should Determine the Choice of Electives ?. . G. B. Chandler 4 

William Dean Howells W. M. Emery 105 

I N D E X .— ( Continued. ) 


Ballad of Diogenes, The G. T. Files 117 

Bowdoin Creed, The Anon 130 

Bowdoin Oak, The Mrs. Frances L. Mace 65 

Chapel Organ, The G. B. Chandler 74 

Chinner, The B. D. Ridlon 167 

Class-Day Ode A. W. Tolman 68 

Class-Day Poem W. W. Woodman 70 

College Days G. T. Files 173 

College Song .Rev. £. F. Davis, '71 204 

Consequence, The G. T. Files 209 

Coral Reef, A G. T. Files 186 

Deadly Dead, The C. S. F. Lincoln 154 

Dead in German, A W. R. Hunt 232 

Election Returns G. T. Files 127 

Exile, The W. E. Perkins 115 

Expressive W. M. Emery 233 

For a Friend's Album G. T. Files 87 

Grant M. W. Fuller, 'o3 l(i 

Grind, The T. S. Burr 107 

Helen G. T. Files 161 

Horace, Book I., Ode V B. D. Ridlon 104 

In Durance C.L.Mitchell 188 

In the Gym C. S. F. Lincoln 214 

Ivv Ode C. L. Mitchell 55 

Ivv Poem G. T. Files 47 

Maine Hall C. S. F. Lincoln '. 128 

Modern Instance, A B. D. Ridlon 228 

More L. A. Burleigh 140 

Moonrise G. T. Files 1 

My Siders W. M. Emery ;)5 

November Night, A T. S. Burr 125 

Old Cob, The G. B. Chandler 108 

Old Friend's Face, An G . T. Files 197 

Old, Old Story, The C. S. F. Lincoln 191 

Old Professor, The Indianapolis Journal 231 

One-sided Game, A T. S. Burr 29 

Our Annual Visitors C. S. F. Lincoln 204 

Parody on Tit Willow : T. S. Burr 21 

I'hantom Convent, The G. B. Chandler ;i 

Psi Upsilon C. S. F. Lincoln U!) 

Question in Physics, A C. S. F. Lincoln 179 

Satiety G. T. Files 15- 

Scenes of College Days Isaac McLellan, '26 222 

Smoke Rings G. B. Chandler 212 

Stiff Upper Lip, A W. M. Emery 21 

Storm Maiden W. E. Perkins 149 

That Cape Ulster G. T. Files 219 

Thorndike Oak, The C. S. F. Lincoln 225 

Thought G. T. Files 137 

To an Indian Relic G. T. Files 27 

To Lizzie 131 

To the Rain . .C. S. F. Lincoln 32 

To the Sea The Dartmouth 101 

To Water Fowl Flying South G. T. Files 11. "> 

Two of a Kind W E. Perkins 1;U 

Vale W. E. Perkins 164 

Why ? Harvard Advocate 93 

Young Men of Rank J. L. Doolittle 7 

You Have Heard of Bowdoin College D. E. Owen ,1(1 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 1. 





F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. "Watts, 'SP, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

P. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in re{i:ard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
liter.ary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-0.%ce at Brunswick as Second-Glass Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 1.-May2, 1888. 

Moonrise, 1 

Editorial Notes, 1 

The Pliantom Convent 3 

What Should Determine the Clioice o£ Electives? . . 4 

The Old May Training .5 

What Some Alumni Told Me, 5 

The Massachusetts Trip, (i 

Collegii Tabula 7 

Personal 10 

In Memoriam, 11 

College World, 11 

Book Reviews, 12 

Canst see it slowly rising there. 
Its radiant orb so silvery fair ? 
Thou, beautiful Diana's face, 
Doth well light up this darkened place. 

Didst ever sit beside the strand. 
And watch it rise to meet the land ? 
A glistening path along to thee 
Comes dancing o'er the glassy sea. 

Fair goddess of the evening, rise ! 
On thee alone the earth relies. 
Thy guidance is the only stay 
For many a mortal's lonely way. 

With the present number a new vol- 
ume of the Orient begins. It has become 
a custom for the new Board to indicate 
briefly the line of policy it intends to pur- 
sue. It is, like a man's introduction of him- 
self, an awkward piece of business. 

In taking up the editorial pen we fully 
realize that we are unskilled in its use. A 
poor workman, though provided with the 
finest tools, can do but a bungling piece of 
work. By persistent labor and unlimited 
patience he may hope to do better. He must 
expect tliat his work will oftentimes be un- 
favorably criticised, that he will be the re- 
cipient of attentions not calculated to culti- 
vate an amiable temper or a spirit of meek- 
ness. We expect nothing different, but 
permit us to say that we have no expectation 
of pleasing the " chronic kicker." The fiery 
darts of his sarcasm or the shafts of his rid- 
icule cannot injure. But honest, sincere 
criticism, favorable or unfavorable, we shall 
be glad to receive. The retiring Board has 
raised the standard of excellence to a high 
point. We may not be able to attain to it. 
But whether we do or not we shall expend 
our best efforts in making the Orient the 
best paper of which we are capable, and when 
we have done that we can do no more. 

But the Board alone cannot make the 
Orient a successful paper. We need the 
support of the student-body and the alumni, 


and it is not going too far to assert that it is 
our due. The Orient, however it may be 
conducted, is one of the college interests 
which every student ought to support. It is 
Bowdoin's representative in the field of col- 
lege journalism, and as such it should be 
worthy of the college. If it is not up to your 
ideal of a college journal, try by practical 
effort to bring it there. Your articles will 
be received gladly, and we promise you that 
they shall have the most careful attention. 

To the alumni we will say that your com- 
munications are read with pleasure bj' the 
boys, and we hope you will use our columns to 
strengthen your connection with Alma Mater. 

Our readers will see that a new depart- 
ment has been added to the Orient, that of 
book reviews. It is hoped that this may be 
the means of bringing books to the notice of 
the students which otherwise might be over- 
looked. The department is under excellent 
management and we hope that it will prove 
interesting and useful to our readers. 

In college affairs the Orient will strive 
to maintain the same independent position 
that it has in the past. We shall not hesi- 
tate to discuss college matters with freedom. 
We shall not condemn old customs because 
they are old, nor advocate new ones from au 
intemperate love of the new. ' We hope to 
aid in promoting harmony a,nd good-fellow- 
ship among the students, not casting our in- 
fluence with any clique or faction, but rather 
attempting to do away with unfriendly rival- 
ries. We ask in this matter the help of all 
the students, and hope that all will feel at 
liberty to make use of the Orient columns 
in discussing those affairs which are of gen- 
eral interest. 

Finally, we ask for your forbearance. 
Doubtless there will be much that will not 
suit you, but if you will give us the benefit 
of your aid we will endeavor to make the 
Orient a success and an honor to Bowdoin. 

It is a source of pleasure to every friend 

of the college to note the success which has 
attended our Glee Club. Concerts have 
been given in several cities and towns 
throughout the State, which have received 
highly complimentary notice from the local 

The Glee Club fills a long-felt want in 
our college life. Probably no one questions 
the fact that boating and base-ball have con- 
siderable influence in filling up our classes. 
The Glee Club ought to have an influence in 
this direction even more powerful. There 
are a great many people for whom sports 
have no immediate attraction, and in choos- 
ing a college for their sons they do not take 
sports into consideration at all. But the Glee 
Club shows them another phase of college 
life equally pleasant and eminently more re- 
fining. The impression received is a pleas- 
ant one, and we expect that some will be 
induced to enter Bowdoin through the influ- 
ence of the Glee Club. 

The influence of the Club on the social 
life of the college cannot be otherwise than 
salutary. Nothing adds more to a gath- 
ering of the students than music. Some of 
tlie pleasantest hours of our college life have 
beeu spent in an hour of social song in some 
fellow's room, or when a company has gath- 
ered on the campus in the long spring even- 
ings to sing the songs of " Old Bowdoin." 
A body of trained singers adds zest and 
spirit to these occasions. The Orient con- 
gratulates the club on its success, and that 
it may live long and prosper is its earnest 

After the customary " two weeks," the 
Bugle has made its appearance. The matter 
had been in the printers' hands for some 
time, but inevitable delays, together with 
the leisurely habits of the printers, com- 
bined to make its appearance later than was 

The literary matter is excellent through- 
out and reflects credit on the editors. 


The sketch of the late Prof. Avery's life and 
work bears the signature of Prof. Chapman, 
a guarantee of its excellence. Those of us 
who were so fortunate as to be pupils of 
Prof. Avery can testify to his interest iu his 
department and in us. Ever ready to aid 
those who, by the quality of their work, 
showed a live interest in it, he was none the 
less ready to help those who found the road 
more difficult. His unfailing courtesy and 
genial manner won the regard of the stu- 
dents iu a marked degree. In him we see a 
splendid example of devotion to work. The 
field of labor he loved best is shared but by 
a few. Yet almost alone he worked on until 
in that department his statements of things 
pertaining to it were unqestioned. He re- 
ceived marked attention from co-laborers in 
all parts of the world, and the tangible re- 
sults of his life's work in the book he hoped 
to publish were waited for with eager inter- 
est. Though cut down in the prime of life 
when his intellectual powers were at their 
best and success was crowning his efforts, 
we may well believe that he never in the 
slightest degree rebelled against the Divine 
Will. He was ready to follow his Master 
whithersoever he might lead. Prof. Avery 
has left behind an influence which will live 
and bear fruit testifying to the earnestness 
and purity of his life as a scholar and a Chris- 
tian gentleman. 

The article on Massachusetts Hall is an 
admirable history of that venerable building, 
and brings before us facts in regard to it 
with which, we doubt not, many of the Bow- 
doin undergraduates of to-day were unfa- 
miliar. The two poems speak for themselves 
and need no praise from us. 

We are glad to notice that the amount of 
" slugging " matter is much less than in pre- 
vious numbers. It is a step in the right 
direction . 

The artistic work is excellent, and the 
Junior class is fortunate in having among its 

members an artist of the ability of Mr. 

But why need we mention all these things 
in detail? We expected a good Bugle aud 
were not surprised when our expectations 
were fulfilled. The editors have the thanks of 
every man in the Junior class for the able and 
interesting publication they have given us. 


In those superstitious legends 

Of the haunted Eastern land 
Dwells a visionary credence 

Whisp'ring dread from strand to strand. 

O'er the Bedouin's fierce spirit 
It e'er sheds a solemn gloom ; 

To the traveler's strange query 
It e'er whispers of the tomb. 

In that vast untrodden desert, 

In the wilderness of Zin, 
Where the souls of spectral chieftains 

Roam about with warlike din ; 

Where fantastic shapes unhuraan 
Range the wild and pathless way 

To beguile the erring wanderer 
From his caravan astray ; 

Stands a lone and phantom convent, 
That no mortal e'er hath seen, 

That no Moslem e'er invaded 
To pollute or to demean. 

Yet the caravan is silent. 

With a still and death-like calm. 

When the vesper bells at even 

Ring with weird and lonely charm. 

And those matins and those vespers 

From the days of the crusade 
Have, resounding, broke the morning, 

Ushered in the evening shade. 

As the weary Western wanderer 

On that desert vast of Zin, 
So our souls are blindly groping 

On the trackless wild of Sin ; 

As he hears those sonant spectres 
Ringing out their phantom tone. 

So, anon, the voice of Conscience 
Softly whispers, when alone. 


If the intellectual development of every 
student, at the time vs^hen electives are first 
offered, were a fixed quantity, the answer to 
the question considered would be very 
simple. All educators agree that a large 
araoirnt of preliminary discipline is necessary 
to every mind and that such discipline is best 
attained by a prescribed course of study 
from which there can be no appeal. The 
minds of some students, from inherent nature, 
superior advantages, age, and environments, 
have become so far disciplined at the end of 
Freshman year, as to warrant a large 
degree of technicality in future study. 
Others, from similar reasons, have but half 
finished the disciplinary process. Hence, to 
prescribe any general rule for the choice of 
electives is inconsistent with the nature of 
the subject. By dividing students into 
two classes, however, those in whom the 
previous training is sufficient and those in 
whom it is insufficient, the question may 
be treated in a manner, in some degree, prac- 

The majority of students, probably, by 
three or four years in a fitting school and 
one year in college, have minds so symmetri- 
cally developed as to be partially free from 
that narrow gauged process which would 
have been the inevitable result of their own 
inclinations. Such being the case, the sub- 
sequent discipline (for discipline never 
ceases) can be carried on in conjunction with 
studies of a more technical nature. Every 
student has his special line of thought — the 
line for which nature intended him. By this 
time that ought to have been discovered, and 
a purpose formed accordingly. Every subse- 
quent act of his life is to be shaped in con- 
formity with that purpose. In our present 
curriculum a well-trained mind can follow 
its own inclination with no fear of becoming 
"rutted." Hence, the majority of students 

should be governed, in their choice of elec- 
tives, by that branch of human thought 
which it is their intention to make a life-work. 

There is, however, a minority of greater 
or less extent, who, at this stage, have not 
received enough disciplinary training to 
warrant the abolishment of its process ; 
and fortunate is the student who appreciates 
the fact. A certain member of the present 
Junior class elected mathematics which were 
positively repulsive to him, simply for in- 
tellectual development. 

The policy, or results, of this particular 
case it is not our sphere to discuss, but it 
serves to illustrate how, by a judicious choice 
of electives, one can round out intellectual 
depressions. No stable superstructure can be 
reared without a broad foundation — not only 
firm but broad. In the building of a charac- 
ter the structure itself may be special but 
the foundation must be general. Our present 
curriculum is so arranged as to give oppor- 
tunity for the widest generalization. Hence 
those students who feel that they cannot pur- 
sue a special line of study without becoming, 
to some degree, hobbyists, should be gov- 
erned in their choice of electives, not so 
much by their future attainments as by 
their pi'esent deficiencies. 

With a student thrown almost entirely 
upon his own judgment, the question natur- 
ally arises. How he is to form an accurate 
estimate of himself? With some organisms 
this is impossible. There are, however, cer- 
tain conditions which should indicate, al- 
most intuitively, to a candid mind, its de- 
gree of intellectual development. If one is 
unable to read a review article compre- 
hensively, if he cannot form a moderately 
clear conception of a political platform or 
outlook, if he cannot formulate the different 
relations of a text-book, if he cannot read a 
fairly lucid volume with a due apprehension 
of the bearings of part upon part, as well as 
its general drift, and if, in short, he cannot 


grasp the scope and aim of those general 
principles which are the common heritage 
of all intellectual humanity, he cannot be- 
come a successful specialist. The keen, 
narrow man may cleave a very smooth and 
clearly defined passage through the world, 
but it is the broad man who constructs the 
mighty thoroughfare of thought. 


' In nearly every college there are words 
and phrases in use among the students full 
of meaning and significance to themselves, 
but which are so local in their application as 
to be unintelligible to a stranger or even to a 
student of another college ; in the same way 
they have an unwritten code of etiquette 
and customs which are observed with Phari- 
saical strictness. But these are continually 
changing, and are sometimes lost sight of 
completely until recalled by the reminis- 
cences of some old alumnus, or often fall 
into that well-known state of quiescence and 
oblivion, which the nominal head of our 
government has so facetiously named " innoc- 
uous desuetude." 

Among the latter class of obsolete cus- 
toms at old Bowdoin, none was more illus- 
trious in its day than the May training, 
which has had its parallel in later years only 
in the burial of Analytics, which, in its turn, 
died out about ten years ago. Maj' training 
owes its existence to the passage of a bill, 
introduced by Governor Dunlap, requiring 
that every citizen able to bear arms should, 
on an appointed day once a year, be equipped 
and ready for inspection and drill. Tliis law 
for some reason seems to have been very dis- 
tasteful to both faculty and students, and so 
from the beginning the students resolved to 
have as much fun out of it as possible. 
When the day came, which, by the way, was 
in May, they obtained two old cannon, and 
taking them down town in front of Gov- 
ernor Dunlap's, fired a salute which shat- 

tered most of the windows in the house by 
the concussion. After that I believe the 
students were not required to train. How- 
ever, with that true spirit of fun "which 
characterized the Bowdoin student in the 
good (?) old days, they decided to have a May 
training of their own. They organized a 
burlesque militia company, in which diversity 
of costume was a prominent feature, and the 
aifair was nothing more or less than a parade 
of fantastics. Impersonations of the faculty 
were not uncommon, and one of the princi- 
pal characters in the last May training, held 
about 1848, was a fellow dressed as Presi- 
dent Woods, with a rope around his neck, at 
the other end of which was a fellow in 
character of the devil, leading the venerable 
doctor in advance of the procession. Headed 
by the famous old Pandean Band they would 
march through the streets, and then to the 
campus, where the commanding officer would 
address the company, and the assembled 
multitude, in a speech chiefly remarkable 
for its verbosity, and for the variety of ex- 
pressions, with which he tortured his audi- 
tors. I doubt not, though the subject is 
seldom referred to, that, as these observances 
occurred in the days of free rum, so to 
speak, many of the boys of old finished up 
the celebration by getting pretty well set up. 
However, let us draw the curtain. May 
training is dead, and undoubtedly it is for 
the best. Peace to its ashes. 


During the recent vacation I was talking 
with some of the older alumni about Cilley's 
and Chandler's feats of climbing the spire 
last fall. Said one : " Those foolhardy tricks 
remind me of the stories I used to hear of how 
Rev. Elijah Kellogg climbed the chapel 
tower once when he was in college. It was 
not one of the present graceful, lofty mina- 
rets of stone, but a much lower steeple sur- 
mounting the little wooden chapel, which, in 


those old days, stood facing west, near the 
broad walk leading from the present chapel 
to the road. Frequent attempts had been 
made to spirit away the chapel bell, and, in 
consequence, a watch was set in the belfry. 
The night that Mr. Kellogg pluckily as- 
cended he was seized at the top by this man 
who had been hiding there patiently for 
some hours. Mr. Kellogg's hair was grabbed 
with an iron grasp which lie could not shake 
off, and he was easily taken into custody. 
Deponent saith not what was the conclusion 
of the matter, but it is to be surmised there 
was a heavier penalty than would be in- 
flicted nowadays." 

" When I entered college in 1873, " said 
another man, " it was rumored that a fellow 
had climbed one of the stone spires the year 
before. But as nobody had seen him do so, 
the affair was regarded as mere tradition, or 
perhaps a 'gag 'to spring on the unwary 

I told this gentleman that a recent Bow- 
doin graduate, noted for his athletic abilities 
said, on hearing of Cilley's exploit, " Why, I 
was often up there during my course ! " It 
was suggested that he must have gone up 
for the express purpose of " plugging," se- 
cure from intrusion, as he left no class flags 
nor trophies behind him. 

" One of the Ring brothers of Portland 
was the most intrepid fellow I ever knew," 
began a third alumnus. " Ou a wager, he 
got up on the tall chimney at the southwest 
corner of Maine, one bright day, and stand- 
ing atop with his arms folded, was quietly 
photographed. I wish I had his nerves." 

" That fellow might have fallen and yet 
not fared any worse than Ben Hewes, of '75," 
was the next man's remark. "But I doubt 
it; his was one case in a thousand. In going 
over the roof from North to South Maine one 
spring morning, when the shingles were wet 
and slippeiy from a rain, he felt himself 
sliding towards the eaves. He threw away 

his books and tried to regain his footing, but 
to no purpose. He fell, rolled over two or 
three times and dropped from that high 
gutter to the turf below. I shall — " 

" That was ' coming off the roof ' with a 
vengeance," interpolated a slangy punster. 

" I shall never forget the reportorial 'dull, 
sickening thud ' with which I heard him 
strike," continued the interrupted speaker, 
" while sitting in the recitation room in that 
end. We hurried out, picked up the poor 
fellow, and called the doctors. Strange to 
sa}^ Hewes was not seriously injured, and 
after careful nursing for a few weeks, there 
at college, completely recovered from the 
effects of his shock. Falling flat on his 
back to the springy, damp turf could have 
been the only thing that saved him. He 
graduated, and the last I heard of him 
was practicing law down in Washington 


The first game in the series was played 
with the Phillips Andover team, on the 23d 
ult. The Andover diamond was new and in 
poor condition, but nevertheless the boys 
played a good game. The work of the whole 
team was excellent, but the playing of Fogg, 
F. Freeman, and Thompson, was especially 

The Phillips Andover boys gave our team 
a cordial welcome, and made their stay in 
Andover very pleasant. Following is the 
detailed score : 


A.B. R. B.H. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Williamson, c.f. ... 4 3 3 2 2 1 

Paclsard, lb 3 2 2 08 2 

Fogg, l.f 5 2 3 1 

F. Freeman, 2b. ... 5 3 2 5 3 1 

Fish, 3 3 1 

Thompson, p 5 2 1 3 4 

Pendleton, s.s. ... 4 3 1 3 1 3 4 

G. Freeman, 3b. ... 4 2 1 5 5 3 
Burleigh, r.f 5 1 2 

Totals 40 14 10 1) 27 18 12 



A.B. R. B.H. S.E. P.O. 

Dickermati, c.f. ... 4 1 1 2 1 

White, 3b 4 1 3 1 

Stearns, p 3 

Brainard, lb 4 12 

Upton, c 4 1 

Bliss, 2b 4 1 

Bremner, l.f 3 1 

Merrill, r.f 




Lakeman, s.s 

Totals 31 3 5 9 27 18 18 

Earned runs — Bowdoin, 2. First base on called balls — 
Bowdoiu, 3. Double play — Bowdoin, 3. Time of game — 
1 hour 47 minutes. 

Owing to a pressure of other matter, and 
inasmuch as they have been printed in the 
daily papers we omit the detailed scores of 
the games with Holy Cross and Harvard. 

Bowdoin, 9; M. S. C, 8. 

The boys were treated to a genuine sur- 
prise in the game with the Maine State Col- 
lege team last Saturday forenoon. They 
looked for defeat but got a victory. It was 
all the more welcome on account of the 
crippled condition of our team. Our captain 
was gone and his place was ably filled by 
Russell, who has received nothing but praise 
from the boys for the magnificent work he did 
behind the bat. Gary and Williamson were 
lame, Fish had no hands to speak of, Larra- 
bee was just off a sick bed, and our pros- 
pects for victory were by no means flattering. 

Fogg led off with a hit and brought in 
the first score. Every man followed his ex- 
ample. They pounded both the M. S. C. 
pitchers freely, ran bases in fine style, and in 
short " played ball." 

The batting of G. Freeman and Pack- 
ard's base running were the special features 
of the game, but every man played well. 
Following is the tabulated score : 


;.H. S.B. P.O. 

Eogg, r.f 5 

Russell, c 4 

Packard, lb 4 

Larrabee, 2b 5 

Fish, l.f 5 

Williamson, c.f. ... 5 

G. Freeman, .3b. ... 5 

Pendleton, s.s 4 

Gary, p 3 

Totals 40 

14 11 27 15 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. B.H. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Rogers, r. f. and c. . . 5 2 3 2 1 

Keith, c. and 3b. ... 5 2 1 1 8 3 

Small, p. and 3b. ... 5 1 2 3 1 

Elwell, s.s 5 1 2 1 2 

Babb, lb 4 6 2 

Philbrook, 2b 4 1 1 1 2 1 

Bird, c.f 4 1 

Andrews, p. and r.f. .400041 

Haggett, l.f 4 2 1 1 4 3 3 

Totals 40 S 9 7 27 12 7 



Bowdoin 20140000 2—9 

M. S. C 10 3 110 10 1—8 

Two-base hits — Russell, Packard, Larrabee, G. Freeman 
(2), Philbrook. Three-base hits— Small, 2. Struck out — 
By Gary, 8; Andrews, 4; Small, 2. Time of game — 2 
hours 10 minutes. Umpire — Thompson, Bowdoin, '90. 

The games in the inter-collegiate series 
occur as follows : 

May 5— M. S. C. vs. Colby . 
May 9 — Colby vs. Bowdoin . 
May 12— M. S. G. vs. Colby . 
May 15— Bowdoin vs. M. S. C. 
May IG— Colby vs. M. S. C. . 
May 19 — Bowdoin vs. Colby . 
May 25— M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin 
May 26 — Golby vs. Bowdoin . 
May 30— M. S. C. vs. Colby . 
June 2 — Bowdoin vs. Colby . 
June 8 — Bowdoiu vs. M. S. C. 
June 9— Colby vs. M. S. C. . 
June 11 — M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin 
June 12 — M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin 
June 16 — Bowdoin vs. Colby . 

At Orono. 
At Waterville. 
. At Bangor. 
At Brunswick. 
At Waterville. 
At Brunswick. 

At Orono. 
At Waterville. 
. At Bangor. 
At Brunswick. 
At Brunswick. 
At Waterville. 

At Orono. 
. At Bangor. 
At Brunswick. 

A plenty-of-money young man, 
A champagne-supper young man. 

He's one that elects 

To taffy the Prex, 
He's a " scholarship " young man. 

A go-on-the-pave young man, 
A never-could-study young man. 

Without any morals. 

He gets all the laurels. 
He's a, first division young man, 

A very moral young man, 

A Thursday-night meeting young man, 


He has no ability, 
But supes with facility, 
He's a second diTision young man. 

A working-his-way young man, 
A really-high-standing young man. 

When it comes to his rank 

His stars he can thank, 
If he's a third division young man. 

Owing to church repairs, the Congregationalists 
have worshiped iu Upper Memorial the last two 
Sabbaths, through the kindness of President Hyde. 
Some of the boys grumbled because they could not 
so easily engage in literary pursuits during service 
as in the transept galleries, and also because the 
monitors were alert, even if classes did not sit to- 
gether. Mr. Ernest Crawford's cornet music fur- 
nished an acceptable accompaniment to the singing. 

'Eighty-nine's Ivy Day will occur Friday, June 
8th. Field Day is one day earlier. 

Samuel Hodgraan Erskine, of Alna, is the latest 
accession to the Freshman class. 

The familiar whiskers and baskets of Levi Wash- 
burn, the veteran bookseller, were recently seen on 
the campus, on the occasion of his regular spring 
visit to Bowdoin. Levi is the man who used to 
" give you the profit on the second book, gentlemen," 
but doesn't this year owing to a cul-down in his 
original rates. He reported trade good, and wished 
that all of his customers were college boys, who, he 
says, patronize him more generously than do others. 

Dennett, '90, was recently tendered a complimen- 
tary angling party at the residence of Dr. Briry, in 

Mr. Percy F. Marston, '88, the first of his class to 
enter into conjugal relations, was married in Gor- 
ham, Wednesday 11th ult., to Miss Mabel Haines 
of that town. The boys all wish the newly-wedded 
pair the best of success and liappiness. April 23d 
they took charge of the Free High School at Cornish, 
Mr. Marston as principal, and Mrs. Marston as as- 

Alumni recently seen about town : Rev. Ebenezer 
Bean, '.57; Attorney-General Baker, '68 ; A.H.Brown 
and Wm. PL Cothren, '84; A. W. Rogers, '85; H. R. 
Fling and E. E. Hideout, '80; and S. B. Fowler, '87. 
L. Barton, principal of Bridgton Academy, and for- 
merly personal editor of the Orient, has also been 
visiting at the college. 

Messrs. Bradford, Brown, '88, Furbish and Man- 
son, together witli quite a number of Brunswick ladies 
and gentlemen, attended the Leap- Year Ball in Bath, 
Wednesday, April 1 1th. 

During the spring recess, Field, '91, took the 
school census of Belfast. 

The term opened with rather a small attendance 
the 17th. Most of the boys are now back, however. 
Prayers are again held in the chapel, and are quite 
respectably attended. 

Gymnasium work is not compulsory this term, 
and it is gratifying to recall that last June the 
Boards voted there should be no gymnasium charges 
in the spring. 

Dr. Hyde's chapel discourse the first Sunday of 
the term was on "Matthew Arnold and His Writings." 
The great critic's pessimistic, gloomy side was 
brought out and many of his characteristics shown 
by his poems, several of which were read as illustra- 

The provisional Commencement appointees are: 
T. H. Ayer, Litchfield Corner; E. S. Bartlett, Paris; 
H. S. Card, Gorham ; G. F. Cary, East Machias ; A. 
C. Dresser, Standish ; R. W. Coding, Alfred; W. T. 
Hall, Jr., Richmond ; G. H. Larrabee, Bridgton ; F. K. 
Linscott, Boston, Mass; A. W. Tolman, Portland; 
J. Williamson, Jr., Belfast; W. W. Woodman, Au- 
burn. Of these, eight will be appointed on a basis 
of rank ; two others will also be selected for writing. 
Parts must be handed in by May 15th. 

Cary, '88, cut his leg with an axe during vaca- 
tion, and was too lame to accompany the nine on the 
Massachusetts trip. Larrabee, also, was unable to 
go, having just recovered from sickness. 

Clark, '89, who lias been dangerously ill with t}'- 
phoid fever, is recovering, and we are glad to stale 
that he will be with us again in a few weeks. 

Sophomore theme subjects due May 2d : I. — 
" Spring Flowers "; IL — " Causes of the War with 
Mexico." Junior themes due May Cth: L— "A New 
England Town Meeting " ; H.— " Is Too Much of the 
Spring Term Devoted to Athletic Sports?" 

We are pleased to learn that the chapel bell will 
be rung every morning at 7 o'clock. Chapel this 
term at 7.50. 

F. L. Smithwick, '88, will teach this spring at 
Damariscotta. E. L. Adams, '89, succeeds E. E. 
Briggs, '90, as professor of Latin at the Family 
School across the river. H. C. Jackson, '89, has be- 
come principal of the High School at Oakland. He 
will have an assistant. W. L. Foss, '91, is out 
canvassing. E. M. Leary, '91, is teaching the Dres- 
den Mills High School. 

The Lewislon Saturday Journal for March 31st 
contained a well-written article on old Phi Chi. The 
song was published entire. This may be a useful 


hint to such Freshmen as are planning to become 
Sophs at no distant date. 

Bradford, Carroll, and Libby will represent Bow- 
doin Chapter at the fifty-sixth annual convention of 
Alpha Delta Phi, held in New York City, May 3d and 

Reader, you can't afford to be without a copy of 
'89's Bugle. It is a valuable souvenir of your college 
life. The catalogue of all general college interests, 
the views, the statistics, the portrait and sketch of 
Prof. Avery, and the choice literai-y matter all make 
it worthy of your patronage. The fact that the slugs 
are few, and do not have the bitterness which has 
characterized those of other Bugles, is no small rea- 
son why you should purchase half a dozen copies to 
mail to the folks and "best girls" at home. You 
help advertise the college and give pleasure to your 
friends by every Bugle you send away. Copies may 
be obtained of Carroll, Crocker, Doherty, and Files. 

Prof. Little returned to Brunswick, Saturday, be- 
fore the terra opened. He is much improved in 
health and looks as if southern climes had had a sal- 
utary elfect upon him. Work is now progressing 
rapidly on the new classification under his personal 
supervision. Briggs, '90, succeeds Woodman as li- 
brary assistant, and takes the charging and loan de- 
partment. The library will be open every day from 
8 to 6 during the term, including the noon hour, 
which will be a great accommodation to out of town 

The Orient is appreciated. The Boston Public 
Library recently sent for back numbers to complete 
its files. Bowdoin men at the Hub can now consult 
our college journal at the building on Boylston 

Owing to the illness of Instructor Moody, Math- 
ematical recitations were suspended towards the 
last part of the winter term. Instructor Hutcliins 
conducted the Sophomore examination, and Tutor 
Cary, the Freshman. Mr. Moody's ranks are kept in 
cipher only known to himself, so the mathematicians 
got no rank bills last term. Mr. Moody has fully 
recovered and resumed his classes on the 23d. 

Rev. E. C. Guild's course of lectures on "Re- 
ligious Poetry" at the Unitarian Church is as fol- 
lows: April 15th — "Characteristics of Devotional 
Poetry " ; April 22d— " John Keble and John Henry 
Newman"; April 29th — " F. W. Faber and Aubrey 
DeVere"; May 6th— " Matthew Arnold and A. H. 
Clough." Those already given have been well at- 
tended by the students and greatly enjoyed. Mr. 
Guild's presentation of these poets were, as usual. 

scholarly, and the selections read from their works 
were some best suited to show the abilities of the 

The Freshmen last week hired two organ grinders 
to entertain them while in Latin one morning. The 
combined strains of " Fifteen Dollars " and " Rock- 
a-bye Baby," rhythmically rose and fell with the 
accents of the scansion. 

For the tirst time in several years, in the year of 
the twentieth anniversary of the class offering the 
prize, the '68 exhibition was held Thursday evening, 
April 5th. The money has not been available for 
some time, but it is expected that it always will be 
in the future. The programme : 


The Spirit of English Literature. 

A. W. Tolman, Portland. 
Mohammedanism. H. C. Hill, Cape Elizabeth. 

The President's Message. G. P. Gary, East Machias. 


ludependeuce and Partizanship. R. W. Goding, Alfred. 
The Dividing Line iu Industry. 

W. T. Hall, Jr., Eichmond. 
Our Country's Dangers and Destiny. 

E. S. Bartlett, Paris. 


The committee were Hill, Cary, Bartlett. Collins 
furnished the music. The judges were Attorney- 
General Orville Dewey Baker, '68, Barrett Potter, 
'78, and Rev. E. C. Guild. They awarded the prize 
to R. W. Goding. His spirited and caustic arraign- 
ment of the Mugwumps proved very taking with the 
audience, and his Ingallsian epithets and raciness 
were loudly applauded. A good innovation was the 
announcement of the prize winner by President Hyde 
after the final music. 

Gates has severed his connection with the Lewis- 
ton Y. M. C. A. Gymnasium and returned to college. 
Monday evening, April 16th, he concluded with a 
fine exhibition, in which E. T. Little, '87, was a par- 
ticipant. Mr. Gates has been very successful, and 
has had advantageous offers from the Lewiston 
people for another season. 

A prominent Sophomore, who returned late this 
spring, found his room iu rather a chaotic condition. 
To begin with, the door was so securely fastened that 
it had to be broken in before an entrance was effected. 
From the center of the ceiling hung a startling effigy, 
who guarded the scattered furniture. On a rope 
between the two windows were suspended pails, 
jugs, and pitchers, most of which had been broken 
by stone or bullet long before the Sophomore arrived. 
Such work was too much like Freshman year to suit 



his tastes, and he wrathfully breathes vengeance on 
the unknown despoilers of his parlor and boudoir. 

Of the Sophomore class seven elected Greek, 
twenty Latin, twenty-six Physiology, thirty-three 
English Literature, four Mathematics, and twenty- 
four take Physics. 

Prof. Pease is giving the Sophomores and Juniors 
lectures on Latin Syntax, etc., and Prof. Woodruff, 
the Fi-eshraen on the Greek Testament. 

While waiting for the necessary books for English 
Literature, Prof. Chapman has given the Sophomores 
a course of lectures on the causes that led Milton to 
write his " Areopagitica," and also an analysis of 
the work. 

Tutor Gary will give the Sophomores some labo- 
ratory work in connection with Physiology. 

'21. — The two surviv- 
members of this class 
are Dr. Rufus K. Gushing of Au- 
gusta, and Isaac W. Wheelwright of 
Byfiekl, Mass. Doctor Gushing is a native 
of Brunswick, and during his course in the 
Medical School was under the instruction of James 
McKeen, M.D., class of '17. 

'36. — An Auburn man remarks : " Did j'ou know 
that ex-Governor Garcelon is the smartest man of 
his age in New England ? He is about 76 years of 
age, and yet flies about the country in the severest 
weatlier, caring for his extensive practice as well as 
a young man. The other day he went to Sabatis to 
attend a patient, and when he left his patient, on 
whom he had made several calls, gave him six silver 
dollars. The doctor put them into his overcoat outside 
pocket and jumped into his sleigh. In driving home 
the sleigh slewed and tipped him out. The doctor 
held on to the reins — he always drives a smart, spirit- 
ed horse — and was dragged a little way bruising his 
face. But the doctor hauled up safe and sound other- 
wise and drove home, and continued his business as 
before. ' The fun of it was,' said the doctor, ' be- 
sides the skin on my face I lost tiiose six cart wheels 
out of my pocket.' " 

'43.— Pvev. Jolin March Mitchell, S.T.D., died at 
his residence in Portland, Wednesday morning. 

A2oril 18th. He was born in Norway, Oct. 2, 1820, and 
during his early years lived in North Yarmouth. 
His preparatory course was taken at the academy in 
this place, entering Bo wdoin in 1839. Here he became 
one of the founders of the Psi Upsilon Society in 1842 
in Bowdoin. He afterwards received the degree of 
S.T.D. at William and Mary College, Virginia, and 
was rector of churclies in Montgomery, Ala., and 
Savannah, Ga. He traveled in Europe, and in 1867 
came to Portland, in which place he has since resided. 

'50. — Prof. J. S. Sewall and wife, of Bangor, will 
leave for a European trip about May 21st. 

'50. — Hon. William S. Gardner, ex-Judge of tiie 
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, died at 
his residence in Nev/ton, April 4th. About a year ago 
he was, on account of ill health, obliged to retire from 
the bench and for some time traveled in Europe, but 
received little help. Boi-n in Hallowell, October 1, 
1827, he entered Bowdoin in 1840 with sucli men as 
Gen. O. O. Howard, Hon. Wm. P. Frye, and Prof- 
C. C. Everett, as his classmates; studied law in 
Lowell, and in 1852 was admitted to the bar. After 
a short time he opened a law office in partnership 
with Theodore H. Sweetser, and in 1861 the firm re- 
moved to Boston. Mr. Gardner was appointed to 
the bench in 1876, which position was sustained by him 
with great honor. In September, 1887, he was obliged 
to resign his position because of failing health, and 
received from Governor Ames the expression of most 
sincere regret on the part of the people. He was a 
Mason of high rank, and esijecially a historian of 
this order. Mr. (rardner was a man of peculiarly 
lovable nature, and a man in whom one might find a 
friend. His death is a source of great grief to the 
older alumni, and in him our college loses one of 
its staunchest supporters. 

'53. — Hon. T. R. Simonton has accepted the in- 
vitation of the Grand Army Post at Bethel to deliver 
the address on Memorial Day at that place. 

'60.— Hon. F. N. Dow of Portland, Hon. L. G. 
Downes of Calais, and Hon. W. W. Thoma.s, '61, of 
Portland, are mentioned as probable delegates at 
large to the Republican Convention at Chicago. 

'73. — Dr. D. A. Robinson of Bangor has accepted 
the invitation from the Harris Post, G. A. R., of 
Plymouth, to deliver the address on Memorial Day. 

'73. — Albert F. Richardson of Fryeburg Academy 
has engaged to remain in his present position for 
five years from the close of this academic year. 
There are now in attendance about one hundred 

'81. — Dr. H. L. Staples has resigned his position 
as .assistant surgeon at the National Soldiers' Home 
at Togus, and will soon leave for New York, where 



he will attend lectures in special branches, after 
which lie will take up his residence in Minneapolis. 

'83.— Fred M. Fling, principal of Biddeford High 
School, will resign his position, and in August sail 
for Germany, where he will pursue the study of His- 
tory in the different universities. 

'85. — Webb Donnell has resigned the principal- 
ship of Wasliington Academy. 

'86. — Levi Turner will deliver tlie memorial 
address in North Whitefield. 

'86. — Fred L. Smith has resigned liis position in 
Shapleigh to occupy the seat of principal in the High 
School at Newmarket, N. H. 

'87. — E. B. Burpee is located at Santa Barbara, 


Hall of the Kappa, *. y., > 
April 23, 1888. $ 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Father to 
remove from us, by death, our Brother, (lie Rev. 
John March Mitcliell of tlie class of '43 ; be it 

Eesolved, That we, while humbly bowing to the 
will of an All-wise Providence, deeply regret our 
brother's death ; 

That we tender to the relatives and friends of the 
deceased our heartfelt sympathy ; 

That copies of these resolutions be sent to the 
family of our departed brother, to the several chap- 
teisofthe Psi Upsilon Fraternity, and to the Bow- 
DOiN Orient. 

G. T. Fii.ES, '89, 
F. n. Freeman, '89, 
W. R. Hunt, '90 

The conditions for admission at Harvard in 1675 
were as follows : "Whoever shall be able to read 
Cicero or any other such like classical author at sight, 
and make and speak true Latin in verse and prose, 

and decline perfectly the paradigms of names and 
verbs in the Greek tongue, let him then and not be- 
fore .be capable of admission into the college." — Ex. 

If a student at Lehigh obtains eighty-five per- 
cent as his average term rank he is excused from 

About half the colleges in the United States pub- 
lish papers. The Noire Dame Scholastic has a 
larger circulation than any other college paper, 1260 
each issue. The Darlmoulh comes next with a circu- 
lation oiWb'i.— Unwersilij News. 

Syracuse has a new flre-proof library with ac- 
commodations for 160,000 volumes. — Ex. 

Tufts College owns property to the value of 

One hundred and seventy-five of the three hun- 
dred and sixty-five colleges in the United States 
publish papers. 

Harvard is first, De Pauvv second, and Syracuse 
third, in the list of colleges receiving large gifts for 
the years 1887-8. 

Columbia will admit women to all her higher 

Harvard distributes to students $67,000 annually. 

Since 1869 Yale Freshmen have won twenty-three 
and lost nine games pla3'ed with Harvard Freshmen. 

Dr. Leuf, of the University of Pennsylvania, has 
written a book for the instruction of ball players. 

The average life of the Presidents and Professors 
at Yale, who died in office, or have ended their active 
careers with their retirement from office is sixty-four 

Harvard has graduated three Presidents, two Vice- 
Presidents, eighteen cabinet officers, three Speakers 
of the House, and four Supreme Court Judges. 

President Fairchild, of Oberlin, is ninety years 
of age. 

When my winks in vain are wunk, 
And my last stray thoughts are thunk, 
Who saves me from a shameful fiuuk? 
My pony. 

The jockey's horse has feet of sjieed, 

Maud S. has feet of fame; 
The student's horse has none at all, 

But it gets there just the same. 

The commissary chanced to see 

Jones rise, with saddest air. 
And place a well-filled cup of tea 

Upon the nearest chair. 

" Wliy are you doing thus " ? he cried, 

To Jones, with lijis compressed. 
" It was so weak," poor Jones replied, 
" I thouglit I'd let it rest." — Lafayette. 
The Hopkins Tramp Club is an organization 
lately formed at Johns Hopkins, to encourage 



pedestrianism. No one is admitted to membership 
until he has walked thirty miles in one day accom- 
panied by some member of the club. 

It is stated upon President Seelye's authority that 
one-seventh of the students admitted to Amherst in 
the last four years have come from other colleges. 

Tlie standard for passing has been raised at Cor- 
nell from 60 to 70 per cent. Harvard recently raised 
the passing mark from 40 to 50. — Cynic. 

TO ! 

He comes along with a jaunty air, 

And slaps your back in a friendly way; 
But his eye has a dark sinister look, 

That fills your heart with black dismay. 

He takes your arm as a brotlier would. 

And you murmur low an epithet, 
As you hear those oft-repeated words, 
" Old man have you got a cigarette? " 

— Lehigh Ban'. 
Two members of tlie same family are rivals for 
class honors in the college at Hillsdale, Mich. They 
are C. H. Jackson and Geo. A. Jackson. The former 
is fifty-three years old and the father of the latter, 
who is twenty-two years old. Both are members of 
the class of '88. — Ex. 

" Hark ! 1 think I heard the piston ring," said the 
valve, moving nervously in its seat. " No, that was 
the door bell," replied the steam, putting on his 
jacket and fastening it with a crank pin. " The indi- 
cator has come and is sending up his card. And 
before the caller could make a turn, he heard a fa- 
miliar voice exclaim, " Criticisms on the Indicator's 
diagram." — W. P. I. 

Let mathematicians and geometricians 
Talk of circles' and triangles' charms. 

The figure I prize is a girl with bright eyes. 
And a circle, — that made by her arras. — Ex. 

crib! crib! crib! 
Crib, crib, crib, 

'Neath thy cold gray eye, O Prof.; 
I would that my pen could fashion 

.The words that are on my cuff. 

O well for thee slender roll, 

Concealed in the palm of my hand; 

well for me thou art with me. 
Held tight by thy rubber band. 

The exam, goes ou apace. 

The scratching of pens is lieard. 
But O for the crilj on my cuff. 

For the pointer so long deferred! 

Crib, crib, crib, 

'Keath tliy watchful gaze, O Prof., 
Oh wliat would I not give to steal 

A glance at the crib on my cuff. 

— Yale Record 


Schiller's Ballads. Edited, with introduction and 
notes, by Henry Johnson. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co., 
1888; pp. xvil. + 165; 75 cents; 12mo. 

To the student who wishes to obtain a comprehen- 
sive view of Schiller's genius no portion of his works 
can be of greater value than the ballads. Written 
during the latter part of the great German's life, when 
he was enjoying tlie highest development of his in- 
tellectual powers, and when he had already become 
experienced in dramatic art, these little poems mirror 
tlieir author at his best in style and method. Up to 
the present time, although editions of Schiller's more 
extensive works have repeatedly appeared in the 
interests of the English-speaking public, no carefully 
annotated text of the ballads has ever been offered. 
Professor Johnson has successfully attempted to 
supply the deficiency in the little book before us. 

In the annoimoement of the publishei's it is stated 
that the series of volumes, of which the "Ballads'' 
constitute one, will be issued in a form "suitable for 
the class-room or for private reading." In the pres- 
ent instance, at least, the undertaking of making such 
a combination has met with eminent success. Cer- 
tainly no book could be a more model text-book. 
The varied subject matter of the thirteen selections 
included in the volume is a most important point of 
advantage in this connection. An extended work 
cannot, in so short a space, present to the student 
such an epitome of its author's characteristics as can 
a collection of shorter productions. This is particu- 
hrrly true in the case of Schiller, whose ballads are 
among the most popular and representative of his 
writings. In the words of Carlyle, " Some of them 
are to be classed among the most finished efforts of 
his genius." 

The book is made unusually entertaining to the 
genei'al reader, as well as helpful to the scholar, by 
the excellent quality of its notes. The arrangement 
of these is one of the best possible. At the beginning 
of the chapter of notes devoted to each ballad there 
are given, first, the date of composition; second, 
source from which the subject matter of the poem was 
obtained ; third, the title as it appeared when first 
published, together with subsequent changes, if any. 
Following all these come the comments upon the 

We have thus before us everything necessary for 
a critical study of the author. We see for ourselves 
the materials with which he worked, as they were 
presented to him in their crude state, and from this 
we can estimate his skill as a poet. The date of 
composition is of course interesting from a biograph- 



cial point of view. In addition to tlie original title 
of the ballad, and its alterations, there are given in 
the notes every variant in the text as it appeared 
during Schiller's life-time, an important point to 
those who care to pursue the study of the author's 
style. Every classical allusion is explained, fre- 
quently with a quotation from some ancient writer. 

Aside from the notes, the introduction deserves 
notice. It deals mainly with Schiller's life, and is 
admirably adapted to its purpose. 

The typographical appearance of the book is 
good. The German text of the ballads especially is 
remarkably clear. Taken altogether, the book is one 
of merit in plan and execution. We trust that it will 
meet with the cordial welcome that we hope for it 
and feel that it deserves. 

History of Methodism in Maine, 17ij;}-188G. By Rev. 
Stephen Allen, D.D., of Maine Conference, and Rev. 
"VV. H. Pilsbury of East Maine Conference. Augusta; 
Press of Charles E. Nash, 1887. O. pp. (J50 + 282. 

The first and far the larger portion of this bulky 
volume is from the pen of an honored graduate of 
the college, whose service of over a quarter of a 
century on one of the boards of government has 
caused him to be known and respected by many 
undergraduates of other religious denominations. A 
hundred years have not yet elapsed since the first 
Methodist sermon was preached in Maine. To-day 
the denomination is said to outnumber every other 
within the borders of the State, and in religious 
influence and activity can surely be considered second 
to none. Of this rapid but substantial gi'owth, Dr. 
Allen might truthfully say, vidi et quorum magna 
parsfui. Born in Industry in 1810, lie has, with the 
exception of a few years after his graduation, spent 
tlie whole of a long life in its service. As preacher 
and presiding elder, as the agent and trustee of its 
most important and now most prosperous seminai'y, 
he has ever labored, not only with the diligence 
happily foreshadowed by the name of his birthplace, 
but also with the success that sooner or later comes 
to every true and faithful worker. In this volume. 
Dr. Allen gives a sketch of the social condition of 
the people of Maine towards the close of the last 
century, describes the founding of the denomination 
within the state, traces its progress down to the 
present time, and includes a large number of valuable 
though brief biographies of its leading preachers. 
Among the score or more of Bowdoin men who have 
entered the ministry of this church may be mentioned 
Rev. Charles Adams, '33, D.D., for some time Presi- 
dent of Illinois College and the author of several pop- 
ular volumes; Rev. Stephen M. Vail, D.D., '38, for 
twenty years Professor of Oriental Literature in the 
General Biblical Institute of the Church ; Rev. C. F. 

Allen, D.D., '39, for several years President of Maine 
State College; and Rev. Cyrus Stone, D.D., recently 
at Kent's Hill, now at Hallowell in this State. 

A MiDSOMMEE Night's Dkeame. Facsimile Reprint of 
the Text of the First Folio, 1G23; with Footnotes giving 
every Variant in Spelling and Punctuation occurring 
in the two Quartos of 1600, according to tlie perfect 
Copies of the Original Texts in tlie Barton Collection, 
Boston Public Library. With Introduction and Notes, 
by Henry Johnson. Boston and New York: Hough- 
ton, Mifflin & Company. The Riverside Press. 1888. 
This tasteful little volume contains the results of 
the patient and careful collation of the three earliest 
texts of the play, together with the emendations and 
stage directions that have generally been adopted in 
later editions. " It has been prepared," says Profes- 
sor Johnson in the preface, "with a view to assist in 
putting the study of the Shakespearean text on a more 
permanent basis than is commonly laid." It aims to 
exhibit in a compact and convenient form the text of 
the First Folio, — published some years after the 
poet's death, and the earliest edition of his collected 
plays, — with all the variations found therein from the 
texts of the two Quartos published during Shake- 
speare's life. It is appropriately named the "Variant 
Edition," and the use of that name on the title-page 
seems to promise a similar treatment of other plays 
in the future. The task which the editor set himself 
has been performed with conscientious thoroughness 
and accuracy ; and although we cannot be sure, after 
all is done, that we have before us what Shakespeare 
actually wrote in all eases, yet we have all the mate- 
rial there is, from which to form a judgment as to 
what he wrote. Some ingenuity was needed to pre- 
sent this material in such a way as to inform the 
reader without confusing him, and Professor Johnson 
seems to have had the requisite ingenuity at com- 
mand. As a result the student who desires to ac- 
quaint himself with the agreements and differences 
of these earliest and most authoritative texts, has them 
substantially furnished to his hand within the brief 
compass of this single and attractive volume. There 
is a certain freedom, not to say capriciousness, in the 
orthography of a period which permits a man to ex- 
hibit his name as Thoinas Fisher on the title-page of 
a book and as Thomas Ffyssher on the Register where 
it is entered for publication ; we should naturally 
expect, therefore, that a good many of the variations 
in these three texts would be variations of spelling, 
and such is the case. Such variations, of course, are 
not profoundly significant, but they avs facts, and must 
be hospitably entertained by students of the >Shakes- 
pearean text. There are not a few such students, we 
believe, who ought to feel grateful, and will feel grate- 
ful, to Professor Johnson for putting them in easy 
possession of the material which this book contains. 


Columbia College, 

3iTET77- -Z-OT^IS CIT-H". 

SCHOOIi OF MINES.— The system of instruction includes seven parallel courses of study, each leading to a degree, 
viz. : mining engineering, civil engineering, sanitary engineering, metallurgy, geology, and palseontology, analytical and applied 
chemistry, architecture. 

The plan of instruction includes lectures and recitations in the several departments of study; practice in the chemical, min- 
eralogical, hlowi^ipe, metallurgical, and architectural laboratories; field and tmderground surveying; geodetic surveying; practice 
and study in mines, mills, machine shops, and foundries; projects, estimates, and drawings for the working of mines and for the 
construction of metallurgical, chemical, and other works; reports on mines, industrial establishments, and field geology. 

During the summer vacation there are Summer Schools in Mechanical Engineering, for practical work in foundries and ma- 
chine shops; in Surveying, for practical work in the field ; in Practical Mining; in Practical Geodesy; in Chemistry— all under 
the immediate superintendence of professors. Special students are admitted to the Summer School in Chemistry. 

SCHOOL OF IjAW.— The course of study occupies two years, and is so arranged that a complete view is given during 
each year of the subjects pursued. The plan of study comprises the various branches of common law, equity, commercial, inter- 
national, and constitutional law, and medical jurisprudence. The first year is devoted to the study of general commentaries upon 
municipal law, and contracts, and real estate. The second year includes equity jurisprudence, commercial law, the law of torts, 
criminal law, evidence, pleading, and practice. Lectures upon constitutional law and history, political science, and international 
law are delivei'ed through both the senior and jurior years. Those on medical jurisprudence are delivered to the senior class. 

All graduates of literaiy colleges are admitted without examination; other candidates must be examined. Applicants who are 
not candidates for a degree are admitted without a preliminary examination. 

SCHOOIi OF POIjITICAIi SCIENCE.— The prime aim of this school is the development of all branches of the 
political sciences. It oflers eight courses in political and constitutional history, nine in political economy, five in constitutional 
and administrative law, four in diplomacy aud international law, four in Roman law and comparative jurisprudence, two in 
political philosophy, and one in bibliography— in all, forty -four hours per week through the academic year. The full coiu-se of 
study covers three years. For admission as candidate for a degree, the applicant must have satisfactorily completed the regular 
course of study in this college, or in some other maintaining an equivalent curriculum, to the end of the junior year. Special 
students admitted to any course without examination upon payment of XM'oportional fee. 

In addition to the above special schools for graduates and others, there is, in connection with the School of Arts, a Graduate 
Department in which instruction is given to graduates of this and other colleges in a wide range of subjects, embracing advanced 
courses in languages and literatures (ancient and modern) , mathematics and the mathematical sciences, philosophy, law, history, 
the natural sciences, methods of research in chemistry and physics, practical work in the astronomical observatory, etc A stu- 
dent in this department may attend a single course, or any number of courses; he may also, at his option, enter as candidate for 
the degree of Master of Arts, Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, or Doctor of Philosophy. 

Circulars of Information, giving details as to courses of instruction, requirements for admission, fees, remission of fees, 
wholly or in part, etc., etc., of any of the schools may be had by addressing the Registrar of the College, Madison Avenue and 
49th Street, New York City. 


Shreve, Crump & Low, 

432 Washington Street, BOSTON, MASS. 

Age7its for the Celebi'ated "'Patelz' Watch. 


Also Agents for the Famous Gorham Plated Ware. 



Offer a Fine Stock. Work Executed Quickly and at lowest Prices. CORRESPONDE.\CE SOLICITED. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 2. 





F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Watts, '8P, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the boolcatores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all otlier matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied b)' writer's n.ime, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Po3t-Oaice at Braaswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 2.-May16, 1888. 

Satiety 15 

Editorial Notes, 15 

Grant, 16 

Journalism in Bowdoin, 17 

Melville Weston Fuller, 18 

Communication 18 

The Alpha Delta Phi Convention 19 

Elocution at Bowdoin, 20 

Base-Ball, 20 

Collhgii Tabula 21 

Personal, 23 

In Memoriam, 24 

College World 24 

Book Reviews, 24 


[From the German.] 
And willst thou from distress be freed. 
And all the woe that joys impede? 
Then seek from those whence favors rise. 
May fortune, some ill luck comprise. 
For ne'er did man give up life kindly. 
To whom, it seems, the gods so blindly 
Bestow, with overflowing hands, 
Since Fate relentless e'er demands 
Some recompense, however small, 
Of him on whom her favors fall. 

P In the Index of Vol. XVII. were two 
mistakes which we are glad to rectify. The 
article " Reminiscences," credited to W. T. 
Hall, Jr., should have been credited to W. I. 
Weeks, and " Man's Obligation to Supersti- 
tion," which, according to the Index, was 
\yritten by G. B. Chandler, was written by 
Mr. Hall. 

We publish elsewhere in this issue an 
article entitled " Elocution at Bowdoin." 
We deplore, with the writer, the fact that 
we are so far behind the times in this im- 
portant branch of education. There cer- 
tainly can be nothing learned in the whole 
course of more practical value than the art, 
for it is an art, of expressing one's self well. 
To have something to say is a great thing. 
To know how to say it is of almost equal 
importance. That neither of them is of any 
value without the other is evident. 

Owing to the impoverished condition of 
the college purse we have no special in- 
structor in elocution, but the Faculty do all 
in their power to remedy this defect in the 
course. We have excellent instruction in 
the writing of themes, and we might have 
excellent instruction in declamation had it 
not been for the extremely foolish course 
persistently and untiringly pursued by the 
students themselves. 

When we had rhetoricals the sole object, 



apparently, of those who attended was to 
embarrass the man whose unfortunate duty 
it was to dechxim, and then to applaud him 
in proportion to his embarrassment. It was 
a " grind " and any means to make that hour 
more pleasant were unhesitatingly employed. 
As a result the exercise was given up and 
since then, as the writer says, only those who 
have received appointments to the exhibi- 
tions have received instruction in this direc- 

At the present time, however, much of 
the disturbing element of two years ago is 
no longer with us and we think if rhetoricals 
were resumed they would be better appre- 
ciated than then. At least an opportunity 
might be given those who desire instruction 
in elocution to take it as an elective, and we 
hope to see some steps taken in this direction 
before long. 

The Ivy number of the Orient will be 
issued June 13th, and will contain a full ac- 
count of the Field and Ivj' Day exercises. 
It will be valuable as a souvenir, and your 
friends will be glad to receive a copy. Those 
who desire extra copies will leave their names 
and the number of copies desired with the 
Business Editor prior to June 9th, as we 
shall not print a larger edition than is called 

We desire thus early to impress upon 
those of our subscribers who have not yet 
paid their Orient subscription that an early 
payment of the same will be regarded as a 
great favor. The price is two dollars per year 
whether paid early or late, and if one thinks 
so it can be early just as well as late. The 
only source of income at present is from the 
subscriptions, and that income we must have 
in order to meet our running expenses. We 
trust that this will be sufficient to cause a 
great influx of cash to the Orient coffers. 

It will be doing a dishonorable thing if 

we do not attempt to correct a mistake which 
many papers have made of late. It has been 
stated repeatedly that a classmate of Mr. M. 
W. Fuller, the newly nominated chief justice, 
was Mr. Phelps, the present minister at the 
Court of St. James. As a matter of fact 
Mr. Phelps was never a member of Bowdoin 
College, being, we believe, a graduate of 
Middlebury College. 

While Bowdoin would feel proud to num- 
ber Minister Phelps among her alumni, we 
have no desire to appropriate what is not our 
own, and we wish that this correction might 
have as wide a circulation as the error. 



[Head at the Grant memorial meeting heldin Chicago, August 10, 


Let drum to trumpet speak — 
The trumpet to the cannoneer without, 
The cannon to the heavens from each redoubt, 

Each lowly valley and each lofty peak, 
As to his rest the great commander goes 
Into the pleasant land of earned repose. 

The great commander, when 
Is heard no more the sound of war's alarms, 
The bugle's stirrhig note, the clang of arms. 

Depreciation's tongue would whisper then — 
Only good fortune gave to him success. 
When was there greatness fortune did not bless? 

Not in his battles won. 
Though long the well fought fields may keep 
their name, 

But in the wild world's sense of duty done 
The gallant soldier finds the meed of fame ; 
His life no struggle for ambition's prize. 

Simply tlie duty done that next him lies. 

And as with him of old. 
Immortal Captain of triumphant Rome, 
Whose eagles made the rounded globe tlieir 

How the grand soul of true heroic mold 
Despised resentment and such meaner things, 
That peace might gather all beneath her wings. 

No lamentations here, 
The weary hero lays him down to rest 



As tired infant at the mother's breast 

Without a care, without a thouglit or fear, 
Waking to greet upon the other shore 
The glorious host of comrades gone before. 

Earth to its kindred earth ; 
The spirit to tlie fellowship of souls ! 
As slowly time the mighty scroll unrolls 

Of waiting ages yet to have their birth. 
Fame, faithful to the faithful, writes on high. 
His name as one that was not born to die. 


It may not be generally known that the 
students of Bowdoin published their first 
college paper more than sixt}^ years ago ; but 
such is the case. The first attempt at col- 
lege journalism here resulted in the publish- 
ing of a small bi-weekly of sixteen octavo 
pages. It was named the Escritoir. 

The first number appeared October 30, 
1826. It was printed by Joseph Grilfin, one 
of the earliest printers of Maine. The first 
article is entitled " Value of Revolutionary 
Incidents." It is well written and bears 
evidence of study. 

There is an article on " Spanish Poets," 
and an account of a voyage from Bath to 
Boston in the early days of steamboating. 
A wearisome article on " Education " is con- 
tinued in three numbers and that is about 
all you can say about it. The poetry is of 
a good order, more serious than most of the 
college verse of to-day and indicative of a 
more rigid training. 

The succeeding numbers are much the 
same in the general style of the articles. 
There is not, so far as we can find, a single 
joke or witty sentence in the whole series. 
One writer champions the cause of " the 
weed," and another describes in a semi-hu- 
morous way a trip from Brunswick to Tops- 

The Escritoir continued to be published 
until May 4, 1827. It was given up for the 
want of patronage. The names of the editors 

were kept secret. It is with us only a mat- 
ter of conjecture who they were. Evidently 
one was Ephraim Peabody. From the sketch 
of his life in the " History of Bowdoin Col- 
lege " we take the following : " My class, or 
some six or seven members of it, published 
in the Senior year a periodical called the 
Escritoir. It was strictly anonymous and all 
concerned in it were at the time unknown. 
. ... It is more noticeable perhaps, from its 
being, so far as I know, the only periodical 
of the kind which had ever been published 
by the Bowdoin students, than for its special 
merits as a literary work." 

It was twelve years before another publi- 
cation was issued by the students. In April, 
1839, appeared the Port-Folio. Here again 
the names of the editors are in doubt. Rev. 
Elijah Kellogg, in speaking of this publica- 
tion, says: "I think John B. Soule, who is 
President of a college out West, was one of 
the editors in my class, Benjamin Fuller who 
is dead, and, I think, Edward Weston." Rev. 
Mr. Kellogg was a frequent contributor of 
short stories, and thinks that sometimes he 
wrote a good part of the paper. 

The Port-Folio while containing a great 
many "solid" articles, also contains some 
lighter contributions. A college news de- 
partment was inserted under the name of 
" Collegii Tabula," which heading is still 
retained by the Orient. There is also a 
personal column. Professor Cleaveland fur- 
nished meteorological observations, and in 
July, 1839, Professor Longfellow contrib- 
uted " Leaves from Hyperion," an unpub- 
lished romance. 

There are some beautiful poems in the 
Port-Folio ; especially noticeable is "Extract 

from Revisited," written by an alumnus. 

"Farewell of Summer" and "Paul at Ath- 
ens " claim more than a passing notice. 

The publication, as a whole, is much more 
readable than the Escritoir, and shows a long 
step forward in Bowdoin journalism. 




The nomination of Melville Weston Ful- 
ler as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
the United States, meets with delighted ap- 
proval by the sons of Bowdoin, and is espe- 
cially gratifying to those who were his fellow- 
students in 1849-53. Although the press has 
commented upon his professional and social 
position, it will not be without interest to 
the readers of the Orient, undergraduates 
or alumni, to know something of the college 
life of one through whom so great honor is 
reflected on his Alma Mater. 

Entering at the age of sixteen, Mr. Fuller 
at once took a leading position in scholarship, 
pre-eminently in Rhetoric, Oratory, and Lit- 
erature. At the Sophomore Prize Declama- 
tion he divided the honors with the brilliant 
and lamented John Barrett Southgate, and 
won the first prize at the corresponding ex- 
ercise of the Junior year. He delivered the 
Latin salutatory at graduation, and was 
among those chosen from his class to the Phi 
Beta Kappa. His standing among his fellows 
is indicated by his election as President of 
the Atheneean Society. He was also a mem- 
ber of the Chi Psi Secret Society, and in 1852 
was prominent in the Granite Club, an asso- 
ciation formed to promote the election of the 
Democratic candidate for President. Since 
Mr. Fuller's graduation he has, preserved his 
interest in the college to an uncommon de- 
gree, and, although for more than thirty years 
a resident of Chicago, has hardly missed one 
of the class reunions, not infrequently at- 
tending Commencement in intervening years. 

Recent allusions to his poetical produc- 
tions have not surprised his classmates, who 
have often been charmed with his verses, 
models of style as well as instinct with fra- 
ternal sentiment. The following ode was 
wi'itten for the reunion in 1883: 

Deal gently, O relentless Time ! 

The Hying years, 
With all tlieir joy and all their tears. 

Teach us to ask, whatever heights we climb, 
For gentle dealing at the hands of time. 

Sweet college days so free from care. 

And therefore sweet. 
How closely crowd fond memories as we meet, 
Of merry hours that had no weight to bear. 
Nor vexed by thoughts which friendship could 
not share. 

The circle narrows, as we go, 

But only here — 
Comrades of youth to every heart most dear. 
In the Eternal realm we still shall know. 
With a diviner knowledge than below. 

Much has been done, but much remains. 

The poet sings ; 
A true ambition never molls its wings, 
But strives the more, the more that it attains. 
And finds new goals with every goal it gains. 

So bring the old Falernian in. 

Of 'Fifty-three. 
Its thirty years' bouquet will be 
Proof, through the precious ripening of the bin, 
Of the rich fruit that age alone can win. 

J. L. C, '53. 


Some statements in a recent number of 
the Orient recalled a circumstance which 
may interest some of your readers. In the 
summer of 1841, forty-seven years ago, I 
spent some time in Washington. I was on 
my way to Maine from Tennessee, where, as 
Professor in Jackson College, I had well 
known ex-President Andrew Jackson and 
Hon. James K. Polk, afterwards President. 
The former, contrary to my expectations, I 
found genial and affable. The latter was 
courtly in manner, and at that time rapidly 
rising in popularity. Congress was then 
holding a remarkable extra session, and com- 
ing from the presence of great men I could 
look on greater men. John Quincy Adams, 
John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Thomas H. 
Benton, Silas Wright, John McP. Berrien, 
Wm. C. Preston, James Buchanan, and 
George Evans were among the great men 



then in Congress. It was an exciting ses- 
sion. Modifications of the tariff were under 
discussion. Post-office changes were before 
them. Slavery agitation had begun. Jolrn 
Quincy Adams, " the old man eloquent," 
gathered around him an interested and ex- 
cited crowd, when earnestly claiming the 
right to offer a petition, erroneously sup- 
posed by pro-slavery men to relate to slavery. 
Clay and Calhoun locked horns. Buchanan 
was made to feel the withering sarcasm of 
Clay. Thomas H. Benton, ponderous in 
body, and stately in manner, moved about in 
his blue coat with brass buttons. Clay was, 
I think, chairman of the committee on the 
tariff, which often brought him to his feet. 

Hon. George Evans was chairman of the 
committee on the Post-Office Department. 
His bill was fiercely attacked by Calhoun. 
Mr. Evans rose in its defense. His appear- 
ance I can never forget. He was from my 
native State, and with pride I noticed his 
pleasant countenance and courtly bearing. 
An hour and a half, I should think, he spoke 
without a note before him, giving facts and 
figures which astonished me. Numbers rolled 
from his smooth tongue as easily as the most 
common words. There was eloquence in 
figures. There was no reply. Ever since I 
have carried vividly in my mind that scene. 
Henry Clay's seat was near Mr. Evans's, and 
John Quincy Adams, a member of the House, 
was sitting a short distance behind him. 
Afterwards I had the pleasure of meeting 
Mr. Evans occasionally in Portland, and a 
closer acquaintance only increased my admi- 
ration for this son of Bowdoin. 

George Woods. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 


The fifty-sixth annual convention of the 
Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity was held in New 
York City, May 3 and 4, 1888, under the 
auspices of the executive council. All but 

one of the eighteen chapters of the society 
were represented by three delegates each, and 
many of the alumni residing in New York 
and vicinity were interested participants in 
the meetings. 

The business sessions of the fraternity 
were held in the Grand Commandery Hall of 
the Masonic Temple. Joseph H. Choate 

Rev. Edward Everett Hale was elected 
President for the ensuing year. 

In the afternoon of each day receptions 
were tendered the delegates at the house of 
the New York Graduate Association, 427 
Fourth Avenue. Here the old college songs 
were enjoyed, and refreshments partaken of, 
and an opportunity of meeting many prom- 
inent alumni was afforded the younger mem- 

The public literary meeting was held in 
the Metropolitan Opera House. All the seats 
in the lower part of the house were filled 
and there were few places left vacant any- 
where except in the uppermost of the gal- 
leries. Cappas Seventh Regiment Band 
filled the orchestra chairs, and throughout 
the exercises gave pleasing selections. Flow- 
ers and tropical plants were massed in front 
of the lowered curtain, and when the four 
gentlemen appeared who were to address the 
house it rang with applause. 

President Joseph H. Choate made the 
opening address. He was followed by Geo. 
Wm. Curtis, who spoke to the fraternity 
upon the " Ideals of Alpha Delta Phi." 
Everett P. Wheeler delivered an address on 
the " Fraternity of Alpha Delta Phi." The 
Rev. Edward Everett Hale was the last 
speaker whom Mr. Choate inti'oduced as 
" the man who has traveled farther, said 
more, and worked harder for the good of the 
fraternity than any member of it." His 
subject was " How to Serve the Common- 

The annual banquet was held at Delmon- 



ico's and the prandial and post-prandial 
efforts of those present made it a very enjoy- 
able occasion. 

Taken as a whole it was a most success- 
ful convention, and the members separated 
with the feeling that the star of Alpha Delta 
Phi was certainly in the ascendant. 


A few weeks ago one of the subjects for 
Sophomore themes was, " Can More Work 
be Demanded of the College Student with 
Profit than is Now Required by the Curric- 
ulum ? " 

In writing up this subject and looking at 
the catalogue it was found that among the 
numerous requirements was " Exercises in 

Now whether this is inserted to " catch " 
students or not, does not immediately appear, 
but it is pretty evident to one who has been 
here two years that it has no practical mean- 
ing. With the exception of those who are 
so fortunate (?) as to take part in the Prize 
Exhibitions, the students have not the least 
practice in public speaking. 

Society requires, and justly too, something 
more from the average college graduate than 
mere book learning. It has the right to demand 
of him that he be able to express himself pass- 
ably well; yet how many high schools there 
are which present far more advantages in this 
respect than Bowdoin. An Amherst under- 
graduate said he valued his training in elocu- 
tion more than the rest of his college work. It 
seems strange that we give as good Ivy exer- 
cises as we do, when we have so little training. 

Tire catalogue is supposed to give the 
studies, and those only which may be pur- 
sued by the undergraduate. But when a 
friend, in looking over the curriculum, 
chances to ask how often the Rhetoricals 
occur, he may well be astonished at the 
answer which he must receive from the 
present student of Bowdoin. 


Bowdoin, 5; M. S. C.,3. 
Oilr nine opened the league contest at 
Orono on Thursday, the 10th inst., in a driv- 
ing rain. The result bodes most auspi- 
ciously, however. They played a steady, 
winning game against their strongest oppo- 
nent. Tiie features of the game were the 
work of both batteries, and the small num- 
ber of errors. The score : 


A.B. R. IB. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Williamson, r.f 4 1 1 3 

Larrabee, l.f 4 1 1 2 2 

F. Freeman, 2b. ... 4 1 1 1 1 

Fogg, c.f 4 

Packard, lb 4 Oil 1 

Fish, c 4 2 2 7 7 

G. Freeman, ,Sb. . . . 4 1 1 2 1 1 

Pendleton, s.s 3 4 2 

Gary, p 3 1 2 2 115 1 

Total 34 5 7 8 27 27 5 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. lE. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Rogers, o 4 1 8 7 

Keith, 3b 4 1 2 1 2 

Small, p 4 1 2 1 14 

Elwell, s.s 4 2 1 1 1 

Babb, lb 4 11 1 

Pbilbrook, 2b 4 3 1 2 

Bird, c.f 4 1 1 2 

Andrews, r.f 4 

Haggatt, l.f 3 1 

Total 35 3 7 4 26 25 3 

Time— 2h. Earned Runs— Bowdoin, 3; M. S. C., 0. 
Two-Base Hit.s— Bowdoin, 1; M. S. C., 3. Stolen Bases — 
Bowdoin, 8; M. S. G., 4. Struclv out— by Gary, 14; by 
Small, 12. Double plays — Fish, Philbrook. Umpire — 

The following is the revised schedule of 

the league games : 

S. May 5, Bowdoin vs. Bates, at Brunswick. 

S. " 5, M. S. G. " Colby, " Orono. 

W. " y, Colby " Bates, " Waterville. 

Th. " 10, M. S. C. " Bowdoin, " Orono. 

S. " 12, Bates " Bowdoin, " Lewiston. 

S. " 12, Colby " M. S. C, " Waterville. 

F. " 18, Bowdoin " M. S. C, " Waterville. 

S. " 10, Bates " M. S. G., " Lewiston. 

W. " 23, Bowdoin " Colby, " Waterville. 

S. " 2fi, Bowdoin " Bates, " Waterville. 

W. " 30, M. S. G. " Colby, " Bangor. 

S. June 2, Bowdoin " Colby, " Brunswick. 

S. " 2, M. S. C. " Bates, " Orono. 

S. " 9, Bates " Colby, " Lewiston. 

W. " 13, M. S. C. " Bowdoin, " Bangor. 

W. " 13, Colby " Biites, " Brunswick. 

S. " 16, Bowdoin " Colby, " Lewiston. 

S. " 10, M. S. C. " Bates, " Waterville. 



"I don't dare," said young Jack Borrow, 
" To attend exam, to-morrow, 
For I fear, much to my sorrow. 

Prof, will have me on the hip." 
But upspake his cheery chum, 
' Jack, don't look so blankish glum, 
This advice may help you some: 
Keep a stiffened upper lip." 

After chapel on the morrow, 
With no more a trace of sorrow 
On his handsome face, Jack Borrow 

To examination marched. 
Marched ? nay, he lightly tripped. 
Or perhaps we might say skipped. 
He had sure become stiff-lipped. 
For his moustache he had starched. 
The newly-elected Y. M. C. A. officers are as fol- 
lows : President, C. F. Hersey, '89 ; Vice-President, 
F. E. Dennett, '90 ; Treasurer, J. P. Cilley, Jr., '91 ; 
Corresponding Secretary, G. B. Sears, '90 ; Record- 
^S Secretary, J. R. Home, Jr., '91. 

The Boston Journal, speaking of Justice Fuller's 
appointment, called Bovvdoin "the favorite college 
of Maine." Right you are, Journal. Colonel Smith, 
editor of the paper, is a Colby man. 

Chandler, '90, has returned from Marlowe, N. H., 
where he has been teaching. 

Arbor Day coincided with May Day this year. We 
had it, but damp weather prevented advertised ball 
games and other out-door sports. 

The Juniors had an adjourn in Mineralogy, April 
26th, as Prof. Robinson was attending thg Republi- 
can State Convention at Bangor. 

Ex-President Hill, of Harvard, visited the col- 
lege, April 26th. 

Rideout and White, '89, Scales, '91, and Moulton, 
Smith, and Vaughan, Medical School, attended the 
annual May reception at Westbrools Seminary, on 
the 4th. 

Born, at Oakland, Cal., March 9th, to the wife of 
Prof. L. A. Lee, a daughter. 

The student without one of Job's comforters on 
his neck is quite out of the fashion at present. 

President Hyde will deliver the baccalaureate 

address to the graduating class of Fryeburg Acad- 
emy on the evening of June 3d. 

The sale of the reading-room papers for this term 
was thinly attended. The total receipts were $4.41. 
The Scientific American went for the most, forty 
cents, and the Brunswick Telegraph for the least, one 
penny. Some merriment ensued when a prominent 
Y. M. C. A. man started the bid for the Christian 
Weekly at two cents. 

E. A. Chase, who shot Mrs. Stevens in Portland, 
Fast-Day, was in Brunswick the Tuesday previous. 
He inspected the college buildings, and left his cor- 
rect signature in the art gallery register, although 
he had written it " C. W. Johnson" at the Tontine. 
The autograph is in a firm, legible hand. He was a 
rather fine looking man, of medium height, with 
dark hair and moustache. He seemed to take the 
greatest interest in what he saw on the campus. 

Mr. Bartlett, of Boston, President of New En- 
gland Association of Theta Delta Chi, was enter- 
tained by the Bowdoin Charge, Friday evening, the 

A member of the Mineralogy division, who is in- 
terested in State politics, perpetrates, "What is the 
Cleav-age of Marble ? " Such dia-Burleigh-cal at- 
tempts ouglit to be frowned down. 

Judge Fuller, that is to be, seems to give general 
satisfaction. He is a Maine man, and that is in his 
favor to begin with. — Boston Globe. And it is not 
the least to his credit that he is a Bowdoin man, 

On a fence near the campus a Sophomore " tuff " 

Sang " Water ! cold water I cold water ! " 
Said I to him, " Sophomore, why sling this ' guff ' 

Of water, cold water, and slaughter ? " 
The Sophomore grinned and the Sophomore swore 
That every " brash " Fresh should go over the door, 
And that aqua upon his fair form he would pour. 
As he oughter, he oughter, he oughter. 

H. M. Nickerson, Medical School, was a soloist 
at the recent Haydn concert in Portland. 

On Sunday, April 22d, the Y. M. C. A. were ad- 
dressed by Mr. F. K. Sanders, of Yale, who recently 
returned from a trip around the world. Prof. Robin- 
son spoke on the afternoon of the 29th. May 6th, 
Prof. Smith delivered a fitting eulogy on Mr. Benson 
Sewall, '83, and drew many valuable lessons from 
his exemplary life. Rev. C. H. Wheeler, D.D., '47, 
President of Euphrates College, Harpoot, Turkey, 
will not be able to address the association this spring, 
as announced. 

Recent entertainments in Brunswick : Luce's 
"Boarding School" Company, April 18th; Mrs. 



Livermore's Ificture, "The Boy of To-daj-," April 
19th ; Scott's " Thrown Upon the World," May 7th ; 
Brunswick Base-Ball Association athletic exhibition, 
May lOtli ; May Alice Vars Opera Company, May 

President Hyde's chapel discourse, the 6th, was on 
"Loan and Building Associations," with applications 
to the scholarly and religious life. 

J. H. Maxwell, '88, has been elected to represent 
the town of Wales in the State Democratic Conven- 
tion, which meets in Augusta the 22d. 

George Seco (alias "Whisker"), aged 14, re- 
ceived honorable mention for small hay-rack at the 
school industrial exhibition in April. 

Professor George L. Vose, formerly professor of 
Civil Engineering in Bowdoin College, is engaged 
in delivering a series of six lectures at Chauncey 
Hall School, Boston. 

So Minister Phelps will not be chief justice, after 
all. Never mind, it is a New England man, and 
New England furnishes the brains for the nation now 
as heretofore. — Boston Olobe. Yes, New England 
and Bowdoin always "bob up serenely " at the de- 
mand for brains. 

Rev. J. E. Adams, '53, H. E. Cole, '83, C. W. 
Longren, '84, and E. C. Plummer, '87, recently vis- 
ited the college. 

The body of Mr. Benson Sewall, who was drowned 
in the Penobscot, last December, was recovered Sat- 
urday, April 28th. It was found floating opposite 
Mill Creek, and was taken to Hampden by Capt. Otis 
C. Eaton. The body was in a good state of preser- 
vation, with the skates still on the feet, and the watch 
and money all right. The remains were brought to 
Brunswick, Monday forenoon, and interred in Pine 
Grove Cemetery, the Faculty and many of the stu- 
dents following them to the last resting place. Rev. 
Mr. Fisher offered prayer. 

The Bowdoin press correspondents are as follows : 
Boston Gfo&e,. Littleiicld, '90; Journal, Black, '88; 
Portland Argus, Hill, '88; Press, Weeks, '90; Ban- 
gor Commercial, Doherty, '89 ; Whig and Courier, 
C. H. Fogg, '89 ; Lewiston Journal, Shorey, '88 ; 
Kennebec Journal, Black, '88 ; UniversUy, Emery, '89. 

Twenty-eight Juniors have elected History and 
twenty-eiglit. Astronomy. Seventeen chose Physiol- 
ogy. Elden, Manson, Files, Stacey, and Stearns 
take Latin, the last three also electing Greek. Mer- 
rill and Owen are pursuing a special course in 
Pliysics. The favorite combination this term is As- 
tronomy and History, eighteen taking these two. 

R. W. Goding, '88, represented Bowdoin at the 
56th annual convention of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity 
held in Columbus, O., May 10th and 11th. 

Wm. Condon broke a finger, one day last week, 
while scuffling. — Balh Sentinel. Bill must have 
been vivified with unwonted animation at the time. 

Hon. VVm. L. Putnam, '55, of the Fisheries Com- 
mission, has sent a handsome photograph of the 
Commission to the college library. 

In the nomination of Chief Justice Fuller, Bow- 
doin has scored one more. Make a good blue pencil 
mai'k in your books, gentlemen. 

A german to close the series of assemblies was 
given at the Town Hall, May-Day evening. Thirty 
couples participated. Ryser, of Portland, furnished 
the music, and Rideout, of Brunswick, refreshments 
in the hall. Supper at Mace's. The favors were 
elegant. Parties were present from away, and all 
passed an enjoyable evening. Messrs. R. Manson, 
F. Lynam, and B. C. Carroll, responsible. 

A fire in Prof. Little's yard, two weeks ago Mon- 
day afternoon, caused a sensation, and many students 
hastened over as firemen. One man singed off his 
eyebrows and moustache, much to the merriment of 
an elderly lady who watched the operation. She de- 
clared of a student who still wore the jerseys in 
which he had been playing tennis, " That naked fel- 
low is no earthly good." 

Mr. Watts has been elected fighting as well as 
business editor, and to him all challenges should be 

Several of the boys participated in the farces, 
"Apples "and "The Sleeping Car," given for the 
benefit of the Art Association, two weeks ago. 

The members of '90, who were chosen as editors 
of the next Bugle are: Moody, A. A. $. ; Littlefield, 
+. T. ; Turner, A. K. E. ; Spillane, ' ; and Chand- 
ler, e. A. X. 

The Sophomore crew will be composed of Gates, 
Hastings, Sears, and Turner. AUard, Cilley, C. H. 
Hastings, and Parker will constitute the Freshman 

The New York Sun facetiously declares that 
Judge Mclvillius Fuller, in his college days, wrote 
sonnets to the red-headed girls of Topsham, and then 
goes on to remark : " It has been generally but erro- 
neously stated that Edvardus Johannes Phelps was 
likewise a Bowdoin poet, and a classmale of Mel- 
villius. 'I'hat is not the fact. Edvardus first wooed 
the Muses in tlie classic shades of«i\liddlebury, Ver- 
mont; and he was in politics before Mclvillius was 



out of Paley." Edvardus graduated from Middle- 
bury when Mr. Fuller was but seven years of age. 
Mr. Fuller's best-known classmate is Wm. A.Wheeler, 
the famous lexicographer. 

Mr. Jordan Snow is fitting up a hall for the Zeta 
Psi Society in his new block on Main Street. 

An excellent entertainment for the benefit of the 
base-ball nine was given in Memorial Hall, May 3d. 
Mrs. Winslow read the "Merchant of Venice" in a 
fine miinner, and the Glee Club gave selections dur- 
ing the entertainment. 

May 2d the Glee Club sang in Lisbon. Within a 
short time they will also sing in Lewiston, Bangoi-, 
Rockland, Wiscasset, and Damariscotta. On the 
22d the quartette will sing in Farmington. 

'23. — From all accounts 
it appears that Rev. Jonas 
Burnham of Farmington is the oldest 
living graduate of Bowdoin College. He 
was ninety years old the 11th of this month. 
A short time ago the following article was 
published in the Boston Journal: " Tlie oldest living 
graduate of Bowdoin College is Rev. Thomas T. 
Stone of the class of 1820. He was born in Waterford, 
Me., in 1801, and hence is 87 years of age. He was 
a prominent Congregational minister till 1852, when 
he accepted the pastorate of the Unitarian church at 
Bolton, Mass., over which he has continued to preside 
ever since.'' The Farmington Journal disputes this 
honor and gives us the facts given above. 

'dO. — Rev. Elijah Kellogg has been engaged to 
preach the memorial sermon at the Congregational 
church in Lewiston, May 27th. 

'50. — It is said of Senator William P. Frye that he 
has lately purchased hi,s first pair of spectacles. 
Although 57 years of age he has never until lately 
felt the need of glasses. Senator Frye, although the 
grandfather of nine stout chikh-en, is among the 
youngest looking men in the Senate, and even to a 
careful observer appears to be not more than thirty- 
five years of age. 

'53. — Although ft may be needless to elaborate up- 
■ on the many accounts of the life of Melville W. Fuller, 

the Orient will surely be justified in publishing a 
few lines concerning this illustrious son of Bowdoin. 
Meville Weston Fuller, the son of Frederick A. 
Fuller, was born in Augusta, Me. .February 11, 1833. 
His mother was Catherine M., daughter of Nathan 
Weston, Chief Justice of Maine. Mr. Fuller fitted 
for college in Augusta, and entered Bowdoin in 1849. 
He was a member of the Chi Psi Fraternity. While 
in college Mr. Fuller showed marked literary taste, 
and some of his boyish productions are still extant. 
In 1856 after studying law at Harvard University he 
began the practice of law in Augusta. Meanwhile 
he acted as editor of the Age and found great suc- 
cess in the journalistic line. Feeling that his native 
State was not his destined home, Mr. Fuller, in 1857, 
moved West and settled in Chicago. His ability 
was soon recognized, and for thirty years he has en- 
joyed an extensive practice. In 1862 he was chosen 
to the Illinois Legislature, and since that time he 
has held many positions of trust. Mr. Fuller is a 
man of most excellent judgment and is familiar with 
all the decisions of the Supreme Court , as well as the 
history of our country, especially on constitutional 
questions. When notified of his nomination, Mr. 
Fuller was greatly surprised and requested that he 
be not pressed for any extended interviews. The 
congratulatory letters received by him were very 
numerous. The enthusiasm of the men of his State 
and college knows no bounds. A large meeting of 
Maine men was held at Young's Hotel, Boston, at 
which meeting the Rev. Egbert C. Smyth was one of 
the first speakers. May all this honor be but the be- 
o-inning of his good fortune is the wish of all Bowdoin 

'54-. — Henry Dunlap died in Washington, D. C, 
Friday, April 27, 1888. Mr. Dunlap was born in 
Brunswick, and has for many years held positions in 
the Treasury Department. 

'56. — Mr. George C. Yeaton has been chosen Pres- 
ident of the South Berwick National Bank. 

'58. — Col. Franklin M. Drew of Lewiston has 
accepted the invitation to deliver the Memorial Day 
address at Winthrop, Maine. 

'69. — Mr. T. H. Eaton has recently been appointed 
cashier of the Iowa National Bank of Ottumwa. Mr. 
Eaton has been for some time in the service of the 
bank, and thus his promotion comes from a test of 
his worth and capacity; a most intelligent and gen- 
tlemanly man as we can testify. Mr. Eaton is a son 
of the late Mr. Thomas Eaton of this town. — Bruns- 
wick Telegraph. 

'69. — The Lewiston Journal remarks: "How 
Maine is indenting herself on the country nowa- 
days ! " True ! but may we not add to the name of 



Maine that of " old Bovvdoin " and be justified ? Dr. 
M. E. Wadsvvorth has lately been appointed State 
Geologist of Michigan. After graduation from col- 
lege, Mr. Wadsworth was connected with the Agassiz 
Museum at Harvard, and in 1id79 was made Ph.D. by 
that University. Mr. Wadsworth has made a careful 
research of all the mineral resources of Michigan, and 
is very well equipped for his work. 

'80. — Henry A. Wing of late connected with the 
Umbagog House, Erroll, N. H., has severed his con- 
nection with that house and connected himself with 
the new journal soon to be published in Lewiston. 
For some time Mr. Wing was night editor on the 
Portland Daily Press and also held a similar position 
on the Pittsburg Dispatch. 

'83. — The body of Benson Sewall, of Bangor, was 
brought to Brunswick, May 2d, for burial. It will be 
remembered that the sad drowning accident occurred 
December 28th, in the Penobscot River. The body 
was found by Capt. Otis Eaton of Winterport, onlj' a 
few miles below the place whore Mr. Sewall was 
drowned, and despite the fact that the body had been 
so long in the water, it was perfectly preserved. 


Hall of Theta, ^. K. E., ? 
May 4, 1888. \ 
Whereas, It has been the will of our Heavenly 
Father to take from us our brother, Henry Dunlap 
of the class of '54 ; 

Resolved, That while we bow in submission to 

the Divine Will, we deeply regret our brother's death ; 

Resolved, That the relatives of the deceased have 

the heartfelt sympathy of this chajiter in their great 

bereavement ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
printed in the Bowdoin Orient. 

G. F. Cart, 



The Western Reserve University, which includes 
Adclbert College, has declared against co-education. 
Fifteen young women now enrolled will be permit- 
ted to conclude their course, but no more girl stu- 
dents will be received. Adelbert's trustees say 
officially that they believe in " higher education" for 
women, but they think their young men may get 

along better alone. A separate college for girls un- 
der Adelbert patronage is proposed. — The Lehigh 

F. G. Cross, an amateur runner of Oxford, Eng., 
has broken the record by running a half mile in 1 
minute 54 2-5 seconds. — College Rambler. 

From an exchange we clip the following appro- 
priate sentiment: " There i$ a little matter $ome of 
our Subscribers have feemingly forgotten. We are 
$0 mode$t that we do not like to Speak about 

Soft be thy slumbers, fair Leonore. 
Sweet be thy dreams forevermore. 
Like the bright jewels in golden bed, 
So on thy pillow rests thy fair head. 
Peacefully sleeping wliom I adore, 
Soft be thy slumbers, dear Leonore. 

— Harvard Advocate. 


[Books reviewed in these columns may be seen at the 
College Library.] 

A History of Political Economy. By John Kells 
Ingram, LL.D., Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. 
With Preface by Professor E. J. James, Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania. New York : Macmillan & Co. 
18S8 ; pp. XV. + 246. 

In this work the author adopts the conventional 
three-fold division of his subject into ancient, medi- 
teval, and modern ; but he devotes only twenty-five 
pages to the first two periods in which he finds merely 
the rudiments of economic science. Among the 
Greek thinkers there was "no systematic or ade- 
quate handling of economic questions — only some 
happy ideas and striking partial anticipations of later 
research." Among the Romans "there is little evi- 
dence of serious theoretic inquiry on economic sub- 
jects." During the medieval period " no large or 
varied economic activity was possible under the fall 
ascendancy of feudalism." Thus summarily (and 
we believe wisely from his point of view) does the 
author dismiss the many centuries from the annals of 
which Blanqui has gathered so many interesting and 
instructive facts. 

Passing to modern times, he recognizes three suc- 
cessive phases of economic development between 
the close of the crusades and the rise of the Histori- 
cal School in the present century. The first phase, 
to which he briefly alludes within the compass of 
two pages, occujjied the fourteenth and fitteonth 
centuries, during which the feudal system was break- 



ing up, and new industrial forces wei-e gaining 
strength, aided by the mariner's compass, the print" 
ing press, and public credit. 

The second phase, occupying the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries, was characterized by the 
ascendancy of the mercantile System, and is treated 
at somewhat greater length. Concerning this much- 
berated system of economic doctrine, we believe that 
the author expresses a just view when he says that 
it " was essentially the theoretic counterpart of the 
practical activities of the time, and that nations and 
governments were led to it not by any form of scien- 
tific thought, but by the force of outward circum- 
stance, and the observation of facts which lay on the 

The third modern phase, which he calls the 
" System of Natural Liberty," is the one to which he 
devotes the bulk of his work. In point of time it 
coincides approximately with the eighteenth century. 
In a few well-chosen words the author sketches the 
distinguishing features of this period as (1) "The 
more complete separation of banking from general 
commerce ;" (2) " The great development of the use 
of machinery in production " in the latter part of the 
century; and (3) "A remarkable inversion in the 
political relations of industry," wherelDy, while in 
earlier times governments had patronizsd industry 
as an instrument for military aggrandizement, now 
on the contrary, the industrial spirit gained the mas- 
tery, and governments did its bidding. Hence the 
commercial wars of the latter part of the eigliteenth 
century. The antlior believes tlial"this change of 
attitude marked a real and important progress by 
pointing to industrial activity as the one permanent, 
practical destination of modern societies." 

Then follow one hundred and forty pages which 
the autlior devotes to a careful analysis of the works 
of economic writers during the period under consid- 
eration. These are grouped, according to their na- 
tionality, around Ad un Smith as the central figure. 
Here the author's work is exceedingly well done. 
His estimate of the scientific value of the results 
reached by the various investigators whom lie names 
is eminently fair and free from distortion. As a 
specimen may be cited his treatment of Malthus, 
whose famous doctrine has been the target of such 
extravagant praise and blame. He says, "It re- 
mains a matter of some difficulty to discover what 
solid contribution he has made to our knowledge, 
nor is it easy to ascertain precisely what practical 
precepts, not already familiar, he founded on his theo- 
retic principles." " It would seem then, that what 
has been ambitiously called Malthus's theory of pop- 
ulation, instead of being a great discovery as some 
have represented it, or a poisonous novelty as others 

have considered it, is no more than a formal enun- 
ciation of obvious, though sometimes neglected, 
facts." Finally he gives him the precise measure of 
praise which is his due by saying, " Malthus had un- 
doubtedly the great merit of having called public 
attention in a striking and impressive way to a sub- 
ject vvhich had neither theoretically nor practically 
been sufficiently considered." 

The latter part of the book is devoted to the 
"Historical School" of the present time, the distin- 
guishing marks of which are that it insists (1) upon 
the historical method in studying economic phenom- 
ena, refusing to consider a people as " merely the 
mass of individuals now living," (2) upon the " ne- 
cessity of accentuating the moral element in eco- 
nomic study," and (3) upon " the close relationship 
which necessarily exists between economics and 

In his list of eminent American writers are many 
familiar names. One of these, those of us who have 
been studying political economy this winter will be 
pleased to see mentioned in terms of such cordial 
appreciation. Dr. Ingram says, " The name of 
no American economist stands higher than that of 
General Francis A. Walker." 

This history is worthy of high praise. It is a 
true history of economic theory as is pointed out in 
Dr. James's preface. It is positive, yet not dogmatic, 
and is entirely free from partisan bias. The author's 
own position on some of the vital issues of our day 
is sufficiently shown in the following extracts from 
tlie conclusion of his work. " The mere conflict of 
private interests will never produce a well-ordered 
commonwealth of labor." " The institutions of the 
future must be founded on sentiments and habits, 
and these must be the slow growth of thought and 
experience. The solution indeed must at all times 
be largely a moral one ; it is the spiritual rather than 
the temporal power that is the natural agency for 
redressing or mitigating most of the evils associated 
with industrial life." " What is now most urgent 
is not legislative interference, on any large scale, 
with the industrial relations, but the formation, in 
both the higher and lower regions of the industrial 
world, of profound convictions as to social duties, 
and some more eff'eetive mode of diffusing, maintain- 
ing and applying those convictions." It would be hard 
to express in words a truer apprehension of the nat- 
ure of the forces to which we must look for a satis- 
factory adjustment of our present industrial troubles. 

Booics Received. 
"History of Elizabethan Literature." Saintsbury. 
Macmillan & Co. 

" Alden's Manifold Cycloptedia." Vol. I. 


Columbia College, 

i^E^sT^ -^oi^ic cia?-^-. 

SCHOOLi OF MINESi— Tlie system ot iustruction includes seven parallel courses of study, each leading to a degree, 
viz. : mining engineering, civil engineering, sanitary engineering, metallurgy, geology, and palseontology, analytical and applied 
chemistry, architecture. 

The plan of instruction includes lectures and recitations in the several departments of study; practice In the chemical, min- 
eralogical, blo^vl)ipe, metallurgical, and architectural laboratories; field and underground surveying; geodetic surveying; practice 
and study in mines, mills, machine shops, and foundries; projects, estimates, and drawings for the working of mines and for the 
construction of metallurgical, chemical, and other works; reports on mines, industrial establishments, and field geology. 

During the summer vacation there are Summer Schools in Mechanical Engineering, for practical work in foundries aud ma- 
chine shops; in Surveying, for practical work in the field ; in Practical Mining; in Practical Geodesy; in Chemistry— all under 
the immediate superintendence of professors. Special students are admitted to the Summer School in Chemistiy. 

SCHOOL OF IjAW.— The course of study occupies two years, and is so arranged a complete view is given during 
each year of the subjects pursued. The plan of study comprises the various branches of common law, equity, commercial, inter- 
national, and constitutional law, and medical jurisprudence. The first year is devoted to the study of general commentaries upon 
municipal law, aud contracts, and real estate. The second year includes equity jurisprudence, commercial law, the law of torts, 
criminal law, evidence, pleading, and practice. Lectures upon constitutional law and history, political science, and international 
law are delivered through both the senior and jurior years. Those on medical jurisprudence are delivered to the senior class. 

All graduates of literary colleges are admitted without examination; other candidates must be examined. Applicants who are 
not candidates for a degi'ee are admitted without a preliminary examination. 

SCHOOL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.— The prime aim of this school is the development of all branches ot the 
political sciences. It offers eight courses in political and constitutional history, nine in political economy, five in constitutional 
and administrative law, four in diplomacy and international law, four in Roman law aud comparative jurisprudence, two in 
political philosophy, and one in bibliography— in all, forty-four hours per week through the academic year. The full course of 
study covers three years. For admission as candidate for a degree, the applicant must have satisfactorily completed the regular 
course of study in this college, or in some other maintaining an fequivaleut curriculum, to the end of the junior year. Special 
students admitted to any course without examination upon payment of proportional fee. 

In addition to the above special schools for graduates and others, there is, in connection with the School of Arts, a Graduate 
Department in which instruction is given to graduates of this aud other colleges in a wide range of subjects, embracing advanced 
courses in languages and literatures (ancient and modern), mathematics and the mathematical sciences, philosophy, law, history, 
the natural sciences, methods of research in chemistry and physics, practical work in the astronomical observatory, etc A stu- 
dent in this dei^artment may attend a single course, or any number of courses ; he may also, at his option, enter as candidate for 
the degree of Master of Arts, Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, or Doctor of Philosophy. 

Circulars of Iiiforination, giving details as to courses of instruction, requirements for admission, fees, remission of fees, 
wholly or in part, etc., etc., of any of the schools may be had by addressing the Registrar of the College, Madison Avenue and 
49th Street, New York City. 


Shreve, Crump & Low, 

432 Washington Street, BOSTON, MASS. 

-^^MrnQmrnm, ^ ^m^-wmi^ww. 

Agents for the Celebrated ''Patek Phillippe' Watch. 


Also Agents for the Famous Gorham Plated Ware. 



Offer a Fine Stock. Work Execnteil Quickly and at lowest Prices. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 3. 





F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Watts, '89, Business Editor. 
"W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extr.i copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Eotered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 3.-MAY30, 1888. 

To an Indian Relic 27 

Editorial Notes 27 

The New Chapel Organ 28 

A One-Sided Game 29 

Small Colleges 29 

Journalism at Bowdoin 30 

George Sand 31 

To the Rain 32 

Psi Upsilon Convention, 33 

Base-Ball, 33 

CoLLEGii Tabula 31 

Personal, .30 

College World, 38 

Book Reviews, 39 


Is this, of thee, all that remains 
To show that here thou once hast dwelt? 
Whole lands were once thine own domain ; 
Thy sceptre's power have many felt. 

And this is all ? No other trace 

To show that this was once thy home? 

Ah no ! no longer does thy race 

O'er these fair strands and meadows roam. 

Yet, little stone, the sights thou'st seen 
I'd gladly gaze upon with thee. 
Some warrior brave and Ijold — I ween — 
Hath made and left thee here for me. 

The action of the Harvard Board of 
Overseers ill regard to athletics has provoked 
wide and spirited discussion, both in college 
papers and in the leading newspapers of the 
country. The college press, as a whole, con- 
demn the action of the Board, and many of 
the newspapers find little to say in its favor. 
We do not intend to discuss the question of 
college athletics in detail, but there are some 
general facts which lead us to think that the 
course taken by the Board was injudicious. 

In the first place, while it cannot be de- 
nied that the interest in athletics has greatly 
increased in the past ten or fifteen years, it 
is a matter of doubt wliether it has increased 
any faster than the number of students. We 
do not believe that it has. 

Again. It is by no means a settled thing 
that this increased interest is productive of 
the evil results which some claim for it. 
Those hostile to athletics tell us that athletic 
contests are detrimental both to a student's 
health and scholarship, and in the attempt to 
prove their statement they bring up isolated 
cases where the result is in accordance with 
their belief. But this method of proof will 
not stand the test. A man may injure his 
health in any business he undertakes, and we 
should not condemn the business because the 
man has been imprudent, neither should we 
condemn it because now and then one or two 
out of hundreds has carried it to excess. In 



scholarship, too, it is fully as easy to cite 
cases where proficiency in athletics and high 
scholarship combine, as to attempt to prove 
the reverse. 

We are met on every hand vrith the posi- 
tive statement that the men of to-morrow 
should be men physically, as well as mentally, 
and we are told that the only way to bring 
about this happy result is by constant athletic 
training. Granting this, what is the interest 
evinced in athletics but the direct outcome 
of constant, sj'stematic, gymnasium train- 
ing. Every college and school of to-day has 
its gymnasium, and is there anything any 
more natural than that those who work in 
that gymnasium should wish to meet and, as 
it were, compare results ? In doing this we 
are but following the tendencies of the age. 
These tendencies carry us forward to logical 
and business-like conclusions in everything. 
They tend to make a man excel in some- 
thing, and it is better to be a good athlete 
than not to excel in anything. 

There is still another argument in favor 
of college athletics. It is generally recog- 
nized that students, confined as the}' must 
be to books and study, must sometime, some- 
how, somewhere, give vent to the repressed 
life which every sound, vigorous young man 
has. Athletics play the part of the escape- 
valve in college life, and would be worth 
fostering for this reason, if for no other. 
Ask any man who has lived in a college town 
many years if he don't sleep better and have 
more turkeys now than he did twenty years 
ago. He will answer a good hearty " Yes," 
and bless the athletics that turn the physical 
energies of the student from the turkey roost 
to base-ball. Midnight orgies cease, and the 
" fine hand " of the student is seldom seen 
when somebody's gate walks down the street, 
and less often is the town "painted red." 

In view of these things we think that 
the athletic sentiment ouglit to be fostered 
in every college instead of repressed, as it is 

in some. And we are proud to say that in 
this, as in other things, Bowdoin stands in 
the front rank of those colleges that believe 
in the progressive idea. 

It looks as though Yale's historic " fence " 
would soon be with the things that were. 
While we bow in submissive obedience to 
the inscrutable decrees of an all-wise Fac- 
ulty we are extremely sorry for Yale students 
that the result is as it is. 

From the first we have been interested 
to know how the contest would end, always 
hoping that the boys would come oi¥ victo- 
rious, even at the expense of a new building, 
for that might have come later, but the 
fence — ah, that is gone forever. There may 
be other combinations of boards and posts 
and nails and they may be called fences, but 
(lie fence will have passed away. 

Of course some will say " It is all senti- 
ment, this love for a fence." Fact ; but there 
is something of sentiment in every man's 
life, and especially, perhaps, in every college 
man's life. Every college has something 
that it loves as devotedly as Yale does her 
fence and which it would feel equally sorry 
to part with, and for this reason every col- 
lege student will feel sorry that this fence — 
the scene of so many joyous experiences — 
must go. 

In describing our new organ so that this 
article may be of value to the Bowdoin his- 
torian decades hence, as well as to the pres- 
ent undergraduates, it is necessary to repeat 
what was said in a recent Orient. Perhaps 
this is worth while, for our college history is 
always interesting, and we would be glad 
to-day to know something definite about the 
old organ which the new instrument replaces. 
But tradition and archive are silent concern- 
ing it. An old alumnus states that it occu- 
pied the present gallery away back in the 



'fifties, but who gave it, and when, are un- 
known. To-day it rests in Memorial Hall, 
where there is some talk of setting it up for 
use at winter prayers. 

The handsome and sweet toned new organ 
is the gift of Oliver Crocker Stevens, '76, and 
wife, of Boston. The stipulation was made 
that it be played regularly by some student 
who shall receive all or a portion of his tui- 
tion therefor, and that students be allowed to 
practice on it under certain conditions. 
Profs. Chapman and Hutchins selected the 
instrument, which was made by Cole & Wood- 
berry, Boston, builders of fine church organs. 
Twelve hundred dollars was the price. Six 
weeks were required to build the instrument, 
and four days to set it up. It is 8 feet wide, 
5 feet 6 inches deep, and 15 feet high. The 
ease is nicely finished in walnut, and the 
front pipes, all speaking ones, are richly dec- 
orated in gold and colors. There are two 
manuals, compass 61 notes, and the pedals 
have a compass of 27 notes. The 14 registers 
contain 381 pipes, as follows: Great organ, 
with open diapason, dulciana, and octave 
stops, 183 pipes ; swell organ, with viola, dia- 
pason treble and bass, and flute stops, 171 
pipes ; and pedals, 16 foot bourdon, 27 pipes. 
There is no doubt but that the instrument is 
the finest organ of its size in the State. 

On the front a bronze panel is lettered : 
"In Memoriam Oliveri et Georgii-Oliveii 
Crocker, Dederunt O. C. S. et Uxor, A. D., 
MDCCCLXXXVIII." The Crockers were 
two wealthy merchants of New Bedford, Mass., 
father and son, now deceased. Oliver Crocker 
was Mr. Stevens' grandfather and namesake. 

Thwing has been appointed organist, and 
some Freshman is to preside at the bellows 
handle. It is not unlikely that the Glee 
Club, or at any rate a deputation therefrom, 
will lead the singing every morning. With 
these attractions, the fifteen rule can soon be 
abolished, as each man in college will un- 
doubtedly hereafter attend chapel regularly. 


They stood beside the tennis court 

And saw the players play. 
She was a maid of ancient date, 

And he a student gay. 

And as they watched the game proceed 
And heard the players count, 

He saw upon her fair young (?) cheek 
A warm blush quickly mount. 

" I think I like that game," said she. 

Said he, " Why so, my dove ? " 
" Why, you ' love forty,' don't you see ? 

And I am ' fort}', love.' " 


Goethe says : " A character is perfected in 
the stream of the world." Bacon says : " A 
crowd is not company, and faces are but a 
gallery of pictures." Here are two great 
truths from two great minds. The one ut- 
ters one of the grand principles of society ; 
the other does not contradict, but supple- 
ments it by limiting its practicability. The 
one says : Go forth into the world ; rub 
against your fellows; let them polish you, 
and, if necessary, knock off your peculiari- 
ties; extend the hand of fellowship; and 
finally come back a full man. The other says : 
Wander not aimlessly about in the hurrying 
crowd, but make men " company "; link your 
fortune with them; divine the emotions of 
their hearts ; fathom the depths of their souls ; 
move among faces you can call your own. 
These words are practical. Let us see how 
we can apply them. 

The paramount benefit of a college course 
is development of character ; the production 
of men who present a strong and clearly de- 
fined individuality, and yet retain those subtle 
relations to the mass which enable them to 
move with uniformity and ease. It does this 
because of the peculiar relations which exist 
between students. Some time in the four 
years, nearly every emotion and characteristic 
comes to the surface. None of our little 



crotchets escape notice, and reciprocal criti- 
cism is not wanting. The " crank " is 
"ground": the popular man is courted; the 
stable man is respected ; congenial spirits affil- 
iate ; hostile spirits clash — a miniature world, 
the best preparation for that larger world 
outside. It is Goethe's "stream of the world." 
However great the other advantages of 
Harvard and Yale, this character-building 
process finds its highest perfection in smaller 
institutions — in Amherst, in Dartmouth, and 
in our own Bowdoin. It may exist to some 
extent in large colleges in the form of sets 
and cliques ; but it is based upon caste more 
than upon personal characteristics. It is 
like entering a large city. A student is per- 
sonally acquainted with but a small percent- 
age of his own classmates, and knows scarcely 
more than half of them by sight. The class 
ties are drawn less closely. He is literally 
among strangers. It is Bacon's "sea of 
faces." The large college possesses superior 
facilities, the small college possesses superior 
men ; the large college possesses better in- 
structors, the small college possesses better 
material to instruct. The typical Harvard 
man will develop more dash, more social 
polish, and will be the more genial in conver- 
sation. He will also possess much external 
tact. But the small college man will analyze 
character, he will read human nature, he 
will divine the thoughts of his fellows and 
utilize them to the best advantage, and, in 
four cases out of five, he will "get there." 
And why ? Because he has not only followed 
the suggestion of the German poet ; but he 
has also heeded the admonition of the En- 
glish sage. He has not only perfected his 
character in the " stream of the world " ; 
but he has also remembered that "a crowd 
is not company, and faces are but a gallery 
of pictures." 

There are thirty college graduates on the 
staff of the New York Sun — Ex. 



The next step in Bowdoin journalism was 
the publication of tlie Bowdoin Bugle in July, 
1858. It consisted of four pages, about the 
size of the Brunswick Telegraph. The editors 
were Isaac Adams, Jr., Stephen J. Young, 
Edward B. Neally, J. H. Thompson, Samuel 
Fessenden. It is little more than lists of 
members of the various college organizations 
of that day. There were then five Greek 
Letter Fraternities in college, viz.: Alpha 
Delta Phi, Psi Upsilon, Chi Psi, Delta Kappa 
Epsilon, and Theta Delta Chi. The Peu- 
cinian and Athentean societies still kept up 
a feeble existence. Tliere were also three 
debating clubs: the Bowdoin Debating Club, 
of which John F. Appleton was president; 
the Freshman Lyceum, Charles O. Hunt, 
president; and the United Debaters, A. F. 
Bucknam, president. 

It is interesting to compare this first 
Bugle with those of a later day and note the 
great change which has taken place. 

In 1867 the Bugle was published in mag- 
azine form, considerable literary matter was 
added, and an attempt made to place it on 
a level with other college publications of 
like nature. It was decided to publish it 
only once a year instead of twice, as for- 
merly. The editors to whom we are in- 
debted for this great reformation were George 
T. Sewall, Charles H. Cushman, and W. 
Frank Shepard. 

The Bugle has been published with vary- 
ing success for thirty years, but on the whole 
has maintained a high position among college 
annuals. Its appearance is always warmly 
greeted by Bowdoin students. Its vigorous 
manhood gives no sign of premature decay, 
and every student wishes for it a long and 
prosperous career. 

In 1874 was published Bowdoinensia, as a 
rival to the Bugle of that year. Its most 
prominent editor was Arlo Bates. It is in 



no sense the equal of the Bugle of 1874, and 
a second number never appeared. 

In 1870 the first number of the Bowdoin 
Scientific Review made its appearance. It 
contained sixteen pages, and was issued fort- 
nightly. The editors were Professors C. F. 
Brackett and G. L. Goodale. The Review 
was devoted to contemporary science, and we 
should judge that it might have been highly 
prized by its scientific readers. For the gen- 
eral reader, however, it has but little interest. 
The last number appeared February 13, 1872. 

Meanwhile the Bowdoin Orient had en- 
tered on its existence. In April, 1871, Mar- 
cellus Coggan, George M. Whittaker, J. G. 
Abbott, O. W. Rogers, and H. M. Heath, all 
members of the class of '72, published the 
first number. Since then the Orient has 
appeared regularly, and has become one of 
the prominent features of our college life. 

Such has been the history of journalism 
at Bowdoin. Not all the papers have been 
successful ; but two certainly, the Bugle and 
the Orient, have not been failures, and from 
present appearances they will live long and 


Bowdoin Sophomores are this term read- 
ing " Marianne," one of the rural romances 
of George Sand. Perhaps, therefore, a short 
article upon this author's life and writings 
may not be ill-timed. 

George Sand was the pen name of Aman- 
tine Lusile Amore Dupin, born in Paris in 
1804. Her father, a French military officer, 
was descended from the royal line of Poland. 
Her mother was the daughter of a Paris bird- 
seller. There was thus combined in her 
veins both plebeian and patrician blood. 

Upon the death of her father, Amore 
passed under the care of her grandmother, 
by whom she was brought up. She was from 
the first a remarkable child. At twelve she 
amused herself in reading the classics and in 

writing short stories. Her temper, however, 
was so bad and her mind so peculiar that her 
grandmother found it impossible to control 
her, and forthwith dispatched her to a con- 
vent. Here she remained two or three years, 
passed through a most singular religious ex- 
perience, and had determined to take the 
veil, when her grandmother, who was more 
addicted to philosophy than to piety, hearing 
of it, withdrew her. The young girl quickly 
recovered from disappointment, and entered 
with all the zest of an exuberant nature into 
the enjoyment of her country life at Nohaut 
Castle, the mansion of Madame Dupin . She 
indulged to the utmost her passion for horse- 
back riding and hunting, but the country 
itself and the study of nature's life in every 
form, afforded her her chief delight. Still 
her books were not neglected. To each of 
her studies she devoted an allotted hour per 
day. For reading, her mind was most drawn 
to religious and philosophical works. She 
eagerly went through with Chateaubriand 
and Thomas-a-Kempis, Locke, Aristotle, and 
finally Rousseau. As a result of this reading, 
her faith in Catholicism, and, in fact, in every 
established religion, was forever overthrown. 
She formulated from her own mind a sort 
of private faith — a faith for herself and no 
other. It was now that Amore's grand 
mother died, and shortly after, at the age of 
eighteen, she married M. Dudevant. The 
union proved most unhappy. It is to this 
fact that many ascribe George Sand's literary 
career. Up to twenty-seven she had written 
nothing, but now, unspeakably wretched in 
her home, she became possessed of the idea 
that she could and must obtain solace in 
writing. Accordingly she determined to 
leave Nohaut and her husband and go to 

Her first efforts were upon editorial work, 
in which she met with poor success. She 
tried romance, and after one or two fail- 
ures published her first volume, " Rose et 



Blanche," under the nom de plume of J. Sand, 
an abbreviation of the name of Jules San- 
deau, the reviser of the work, and at that 
time her nearest friend. In a few months 
followed "Indiana," which was signed George 
Sand — the J. having been changed at San- 
deau's request to George, after the patron 
saint of the day. " Indiana " at once made 
George Sand famous. It sliould be noted 
that these were the dark days of the author's 
life. Her present toil and poverty, added to 
the troubles that had for years worn upon 
her sensitive nature, drove her nearly to 
despair. " Indiana " and the works that fol- 
lowed during this period bring out cleai'ly 
the intensity of George Sand's mental suffer- 
ings, and show us what mighty problems her 
mind revolved. " Indiana," " Valentine," 
"Lelia" (pronounced by some critics the 
most remarkable prose work ever written) 
and " Jacques," coming in quick succession^ 
well-nigh incomprehensible in imaginative 
stretch, wonderfully fascinating, and calcu. 
lated to inspire the reader's mind with full 
sympathy, sentimentally, at least, with the 
author's, formed a startling, passionate pro- 
test against the debasing marriage laws of 
France. This protest is, perhaps, the living 
principle of all George Sand's writings, for, 
though those of her later years came from a 
mind softened by time, a characteristic under_ 
current still pervades them. This is noticea. 
ble even in " Marianne," published as late as 
1875, but a year before her death. 

George Sand wrote not only romances, 
but also dramas and social essays. By some 
she has been accused of socialistic tendencies. 
Others have denied this. Her ideas of mar- 
riage, like Milton's of divorce, were the out- 
growth of her own unhappy experience. Her 
theories may sometimes startle or perplex 
English readers, yet few cognizant of the cir- 
cumstances of her life and of French social 
customs, have condemned her for them. 
From first to last she championed the cause 

of downtrodden woman. Justin McCarthy 
ascribes to George Sand alone the origin 
of the woman's rights agitation, to-day so 
widely spread, and believes that it is she 
whom the women of every civilized nation 
have to thank for their improving social con- 

Criticism, however it may pronounce upon 
George Sand's private life, unanimously de- 
clares her the greatest French writer of the 
century, Hugg, perhaps, excepted. She is 
judged not inferior to Geoi'ge Eliot or Char- 
lotte Bronte. Her works, like Byron's, are 
in a sense autobiographical, since they so 
plainly reflect the condition of their author's 
mind during the various periods in which 
they were produced. For this reason it is 
feared that many of them will in time be for- 
gotten, but there will ever live as beautiful 
and undying memorials of this poet of Nature 
and of Passion — her descriptions. 

Have we dropped the record of George 
Sand's life after she began writing — her sixty 
novels and twenty dramas and numberless 
essays are that record. 


Out of the lowering clouds softly thou ftillest, 
O'er hill and fertile valley, wood and plain, 
Heedless alike of greatest or of smallest, 
Cold, gentle, silent, penetrating rain. 

Thou foldest eartli within thy fond embrace, 
The grasses come rejoicing in thy train, 
The leaves and flowers hasten on apace. 
Responding gladly to thy voice again. 

Thy coming to the farmer is with gladness, 
To help him in his work for daily bread. 
To some tliy coming is with naught but sadness. 
Bringing to them thoughts of loved ones, dead. 

For good or ill, thy course is understood 
By One, the All-Supreme, in whom we trust, 
Whose sun shines on the evil and the good, 
His rain falls on the just and the unjust. 




The fifty-fifth annual convention of the 
Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held iu Columbus, 
Ohio, May 10th and 11th, under the auspices 
of the Iota Chapter of Kenyon College. The 
chapters of the fraternity were represented 
by delegations of various sizes, and, consider- 
ing the locality, the convention was largely 
attended. The business meetings were held 
in the assembly room of the Niel House — a 
large hotel situated immediately opposite the 
State Capitol. They were presided over by 
Benjamin H. Bailess, of New York City, a 
member of the Grand Council. The public 
exercises, reception, and ball took place at 
the Wells Post rooms on the evening of the 
10th, and were a pronounced success. The 
oration, " The Young Men of America, and 
Their Opportunities," by A. H. Ricks, a 
Kenyon graduate, and the poem, " The Origin 
of Psi Upsilon," by Chas. D. McGuffey of 
the same college, were finely rendered and 
highly entertaining. The reception and ball 
were marked by the same elaborate display 
and elegance which has characterized the 
social assemblies of Greek-letter fraternities 
for the past few years. The banquet was 
held at the Niel House on the evening of the 
11th, and was the occasion of many happy 
toasts by the older members. The conven- 
tion was throughout an unqualified success, 
and was genuinely enjoyed by all present. 


Bowdoin,ll; M. S. C, 6. 
On Friday, the 18th instant, our nine, for 
the second time in the league series, met 
and defeated their opponents from Orono. 
They rapped Small, Portland's most effective 
pitcher of last season, for fourteen hits, with 
a total of nineteen, of which Fogg contrib- 
uted two single, a double, and a triple. Cary 
was a puzzler at critical points, and Fish's 
throwing to second was " simply immense." 

Captain Freeman did some judicious and 
effective coaching, and kept his men cool at 
the crises. 

Of the M. S. C.'s, Rogers did some hard 
and steady batting, and his work behind the 
bat was most creditable. Elwell played a 
strong and active short-stop, while Babb 
gathered in everything at first-base. Pitcher 
Small and his men are a fine, gentlemanly 
set of fellows, and have the respect and best 
wishes of the nine and students. The fol- 
lowing is the correct score : 


A.B. R. B.H. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Williamson, r.f. ... 5 2 3 2 

Larrabee, l.f 5 2 1 2 1 

F. Freeman, 2b. ... 5 1 2 6 2 

Fogg, c.f 5 3 4 3 

Packard, lb 5 2 1 i 1 

Fish, c 5 1 1 12 4 2 

G. Freeman, 3b. ... 5 1 1 1 1 2 

Pendleton, s.s 5 1 2 2 1 

Cary, p 5 1 1 10 2 

Totals 45 11 14 9 27 17 10 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. B.H. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Rogers, c 5 2 2 2 11 5 3 

Kelts, 3b 4 1 2 1 1 

Small, p 4 1 1 1 1 18 2 

Elwell, s.s 4 1 1 1 

Blackington, r.f. ... 4 1 1 1 1 

Bird, c.f 4 1 1 1 

Babb, lb 4 1 1 2 10 

Philbrook, 2b 4 1 1 2 

Haggatt, l.f 4 1 1 1 

Totals, 37 6 8 9 27 24 11 

Earned Runs— Bowdoins, 2. Struck out — by Cary, 12; 
by Small, 10. Three-base Hit— Fogg. Two-Base Hits— G. 
Freeman, Fogg, Pendleton. Wild Pitches— Small, 1; 
Cary, 1. Umpire— P. E. Lindsey of Maine Medical School. 

Colby, 5; Bowdoin, 1. 
The Bowdoins were defeated at Water- 
ville, Wednesday afternoon, on account of 
their inability to hit Parson's underhand rise 
safely, and through an accident to Fish, which 
necessitated a change in position of five of 
their team. The accident happened in the 
sixth inning, at which time the score was 
standing 1 to in favor of Bowdoin, with no 
reasonable prospect of Colbys scoring. The 



home team subsequently scored five runs. 
The " chinning " was typical and abundant- 


A.B. R. B.H. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Pulsifer, c 3 1 1 11 1 1 

ParsoDS, p. . • . . . 4 1 1 .3 7 2 

"Wagg, 2b 4 1 

Gilmore, lb 4 1 2 1 4 1 

Gibbs, I.f i 1 2 2 

King, s.s 4 2 

Koberts, c.f 3 1 1 2 

Maguire, r.f 4 1 5 

Bangs, 3b 4 1 2 2 2 2 1 

Totals 34 5 10 8 27 12 4 


A.B. R. B.H. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Williamson, r.f., c.f. ..4102200 

Larrabee, I.f., 2b. ... 4 2 1 2 

F. Freeman, 2b., c. .. 3 .5 3 

Fogg, c.f., I.f 3 1 1 

Packard, lb 3 7 

Fish, c, I.f 3 1 3 1 

G. Freeman, .3b. ... 3 1 1 

Pendleton, s.s 3 1 1 2 1 

Gary, p 3 1 1 1 8 

Totals, 29 1 1 6 27 13 7 

Time— 2h. 10m. Earned Euns— Colby, 1. First Base 
on Balls — Colby, 2. Left on Bases — Colby 1; Bowdoin, 6. 

Struck Out — by Gary, 8; by Parsons, 7. Double Plays— 
G. Freeman, Gilmore. Umpire — P. E. Lindsey. 

Boivdoin, 11; Bates, 4. 
On Saturday, May 26th, our team won 

from Bates, at Waterville. The following is 
the score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Williamson, r.f 4 1 2 

Larrabee, I.f 3 3 2 2 2 

F. Freeman, 2d. ... 4 3 24 1 1 

Fogg, c.f 5 2 1 1 1 

Packard, s.s 5 2 2 8 2 

Pish, c 4 1 1 1 9 4 5 

G. Freeman, 3b. ... 5 1 1 1 1 

Pendleton, s.s 4 1 1 1 

Gary, p 4 1 1 1 2 15 1 

Totals 38 11 10 12 27 22 9 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Graves, 3b 6 1 1 2 1 

Tinker, lb 5 1 1 1 

Gilmore, c.f B 1 1 2 1 1 

Daggett, p 4 2 13 

Call, 4 10 2 4 

Cutts, 2b 4 1 1 1 3 1 

Newman, r.f 4 1 1 1 

Pierce, I.f 4 1 2 1 4 

Day, s.s 4 1 2 4 

Totals, 39 4 G 8 27 20 17 



Bowdoin 20302100 3—11 

Bates, 00100210 0—4 

Time — 2h. 15m. EarnedRuns — Bowdoin, 2. FirstBase 
on Errors — Bowdoius, 5; Bates, 5. First Base on Called 
Balls — Bowdoin, 4. Struck out — by Gary, 13; by Daggett, 
10. Left on Bases — Bowdoin, 7 ; Bates, 6. Two-base Hits 
— Gilmore, Pierce. Three-base Hit — F. Freeman. Double 
Play— Day and Cutts. Passed Balls— Fish, 4; Call, 3. 
Stolen Bases— Bowdoin, 14; Bate.s, 3. Hit by Pitched 
Ball— Larrabee, 2; Williamsop,l; Gilmore, 1. Umpire — 

Prof. Woodruflf occnjjied the Baptist 
pulpit the 13th. 

Hill, '89, is teaching at Knighlville. 
Foss, '91, has returned to college. 
Ivy-Day invitations are out. They are of tlie hand- 
somest design, printed from steel in green, brown, 
and gold. '89's Ivy music will be the Salem Cadet. 

Prof. Little recently resurrected an old picture of 
some of Bowdoin's earlier Faculty, which has been 
hung in the library. Two pictures of the class of 
'o?) have also been found, One taken at graduation, 
and the other twenty years later. The new Chief 
Justice figures prominently in them. 

The Seniors have at last elected Class-Day offi- 
cers : President, F. L. Smithwick ; Vice-President, 
Brown; IMarshal, Doolittle ; Committee on Arrange- 
ments, Larrabee, Ingalls, and Maxwell ; Committee 
on Pictures, Carruthers ; Odists, Tolman, M. P. 
Smithwick, and Woodman. For the exercises in the 
hall: Chaplain, Carruthers; Orator, i\I. P. Smith- 
wick; Poet, Woodman. Under the Oak: Opening 
Address, Ayer; Historian, Linscott; Prophet, Hill ; 
Parting Address, Bartlett. Reed is to make the class 
photographs as for ten years past. 

The Sophs, recently seized a premature consign- 
ment of Freshman "plug" hats. It is stated that a 
legal process will be put on the '90 men, Thursday. 
June 21st. 

Friday the 11th, Prof. Hutchins substituted astere- 
opticon exhibition for the Junior astronomy. The 
pictures were rapturously received. 



Alumni recently in Brunswicli : Dr. H. S. B. 
Smith, '61, Middleboro, Mass. ; Eugene Thomas, W> ; 
Levi Turner, Jr., '86 ; C. B. Burleigh, '87. 

The plastering of the walls of the Congregational 
church is finished, and much more repairing was 
found necessary upon examination from the staging 
than was supposed to he the case. Several panels 
have had to be renewed, besides a good deal of 
patching done. Unless a Are is kept to dry the plas- 
tering the building cannot be ready for occupancy at 
Commencement time. Worship therefore still con- 
tinues in Memorial Hall. 

The other eve I entered the room 
Of the hirsute Freshman Grant. 

He sat in early twilight's gloom, 
Chanting this mournful chant: 

" Last night as I lay on my XJillow, 
Last night as I lay on my bed , 
Last night as I dreamed of the Soph'mores, 
I dreamed that my siders had Hed. 

" Bring hack, bring back. 

Oh, bring back my siders to me. 
Bring back, bring back 

Those dear whiskerettes now to me." 

(In parenthesis: 
Since tliis 
Grant's siders have disappeared. 
Probably asked to shave them off 
By some ferocious bloody Soph, 
Just as he feared.) 
Among the Brunswick delegates to the Republican 
State Convention are Professors Chapman and Smith 
and Geo. L. Thompson, '77. They are said to be for 
Mr. Burleigh. Superintendent of Grounds and Build- 
ings Booker and \V. R. Field, the popular fruiterer, 
participated in the nomination of Mr. Putnam. Her- 
sey, '89, was a delegate to the Prohibitionists' State 

Junior theme subjects, due May 23d: 1. — "The 
Best Reading"; 2. — "What has Retarded the De- 
velopment of the Natural Resources of Maine ? '' 
Sophomore subjects, due May 16th: 1. — " Jev^fish 
Customs in the Time of Christ " ; 2. — " What Public 
Improvement is Most Needed in Brunswick?" The 
last Sophomore themes are due May 30th. Subjects : 
1. — "International Copyright" ; 2. — "Compare Some 
American Essayist with Bacon." 

At the May meeting of the Congregational Club 
in Portland, the 7th, the subject for discussion was : 
" National Reforms ; were you now Dictator, which 
would you Enforce?" President Daniels read let- 
ters in response from novelist George W. Cable, 
President Pepper, of Colby, and from the following 

Bowdoinmen: Senator Frye, Judge Goddard, Hon. 
Wm. L. Putnam, Editor Dingley of the Lewiston 
Journal, and President Hyde. The latter elaborates 
his dictatorial policy thus : "Great as are the evils 
of intemperance, of Mormonism and licentiousness, 
of unrestricted immigration, of trusts, I think I 
should begin with none of these. I should insist first 
on the complete separation of civil service from 
party politics. The immediate evil of the spoils sys- 
tem is less than the evils of intemperance, but until 
patronage ceases to be the principal factor in politics, 
we cannot expect to have any political question de- 
cided on its merits. The spoils system is a net-work 
of intrigue, favoritism, injustice and corruption. 
Until we have enough sense, honesty and courage to 
clear this away, we are morally unfit to grapple with 
any other problem successfully. Not as relatively 
greatest, but as logically first, I would begin with 
civil service reform, thus clearing away the chief 
obstacle from the path of the temperance reformer, 
whom I should hope to have as my successor in the 

Henry P. Godfrey, ex-'9l, addressed a temper- 
ance meeting in Bangor, a week ago Friday night. 
The Whig spoke highly of it. The other speakers 
were Rev. Dr. Field and Hon. Volney B. Gushing. 

An alumnus writes: "The last Orient reminds 
me of a little story about Rev. Mr. Jay, the eminent 
non-conformist divine of Bath, England. He was 
once walking with his friend Mr. Fuller. An owl 
crossed their path ; whereupon Mr. Fuller said ' Pray, 
sir, is that bird a jay?' 'No, sir,' was the prompt 
reply : ' It's fuller in the eyes, and fuller in the head, 
and fuller all over ! ' The Orient was Fuller all 

The Brunswick Library Association recently 
elected officers, among whom are: Prof. Robinson, 
President; Profs. Lee and Chapman, and Barrett 
Potter, '78, library committee. 

Hersey, '89, had an article not long since in the 
Bridgton Academy Stranger, on the summer school 
for Bible study at Northfield, which he and the late 
Herbert Merrill attended last season. The Stranger 
also contains a fitting obituary tribute to Mr. Merrill. 

A list of '89's Ivy-Day officers will be found in the 

Hon. Volney B. Cushing's temperance lecture a 
week ago Sunday evening was largely attended. 

The State Committee has recently decided to ac- 
cept Bowdoin's invitation, and will hold the Y. M. 
C. A. Convention of Maine here, October 25-28 



(Thursday to Sunday), 1888. President C. F. Hersey 
has been appointed cliairnian of the committee of 

Rev. Elijah Kellogg, '40, has preached in several 
churches in the vicinity of late. On the 13th and 20th 
he filled his old pulpit in Topshara. The choir con- 
tained several men from the Glee Club. On the af- 
ternoon of the 20th, Mr. Kellogg preached at the 
Baptist church, and the previous week addressed a 
large audience in the Y. M. C. A. room. His remarks 
were forcible and eloquent. Prof. Woodruff spoke 
before the Y. M. C. A. on the 20Lh. 

You have heard of Bowdoln College, 
Down 'mougst the pines in Maine? 

She has no Small, 

Oh, no, not at all, 
But — she gets there, just the same! 

Friday, the 18th, Henry Adonis Dixey's troupe was 
in transitu between Bangor and Salem. Many of the 
boys, mindful of Duncan Clark's minstrels last year, 
assembled at the depot, ostensibly to meet the Oronos, 
but really to see the blondes. With characteristic 
enterprise, the Orient sent a representative to inter- 
view the famous comedian. Henry was found hud- 
dled up in the smoker, deep at his favorite poker for 
the beers. On the table before him were two glasses 
of iced — water. A checked hammock hat was 
pulled over his marble brow, and his make-up was 
more suggestive of Henry Irving or Bacchus than 
Adonis. He greeted the scribe warmly and loqua- 
ciously: "Yes, this is my first visit to Maine, and 
I've fallen in love with the old temperance state. My 
company, owing to forethought, got on all right, 
though one of them, afflicted with St. Vitus in the optic 
nerve, discovered that we needn't have gone dry had 
supplies been forgotten. I'd rather sample wet 
goods in Maine than to dwell in the tents of the 
wicked. Yes, the Maine people are bright, quick, 
and appreciative, and my Amazons were greatly 
struck on the boys they met. No, lam out of politics, 
thank you. You may say, that with Bill Nye, my 
name won't be considered at either Chicago or St. 
Louis, and my health is fine. Please renew my free 
copy of the Orient for another year; I like it, I do. 
Ta, ta, see you later," and Dixey turned again to his 
cards, and scooped the jack po(. Outside, the troupe 
were getting hilarious and dinner; Miss Ida Bell 
pleasing the crowd especially by having her shapely 
shoes shined. Miss Lilla Kavenagh came near get- 
ting left when the train started, much to the students' 
regret. Several went to Portland, the Saturday pre- 
vious, to see Adonis. It was amusing to watch the 
struggles of that city's papers in reporting it. 

The Junior prize speakers for Monday evening, 
June 25th, are Carroll, Crocker, Eklen, Files, S. L. 
Fogg, Hayes, Owen, Prentiss, F. C. Russell, Stacy, 
Staples, and Thwing. The prizes are $20 and $10. 

It goes without saying that every student supports 
all general college interests. The Bugle, advertising 
Bowdoin considerably each year, is a general college 
interest. Hence every student buys a Bugle. But a 
general college interest always has a chosen few to 
manage it and be immediately responsible. This 
year, '89 issues the Bugle, and on the principle of the 
Golden Rule, each member of the other classes pur- 
chases a copy ; '88, because they do as they have 
been done by; '90, because next Christmas they will 
sell at least 42 Bugles to '89ers; and '91, because of 
the kind treatment they have I'eceived from the 
Juniors in numerous ways. All who have been 
unable to procure copies, can now get them of Car- 
roll, Crocker, Doherty, and Files. 

It was real comical, it was. The students filled 
the post-office as usual after the evening meal. Many 
were smoking. When a certain popular professor 
entered, the cigars and cigarettes went down behind 
the coat tails in a twinkling. Amusing. The pro- 
fessor had occasion to remove his handkerchief, when 
lo ! a long twist of choice tobacco was flirted to the 
marble floor. More amusing. The member of the 
Faculty did not notice to pick it up, and the plug now 
ornaments a room in North Winthrop. 

President Hyde's chapel talk, the 20th, was on 
what training in Christian work will accomplish. 
He illustrated it by reference to what training has 
done for students in scholarship and athletics. 

'37. — Dr. Fordyce Bar- 
.er, the physician who at- 
tended Mr. Conkling, is one of the best 
lown men in New York. His patients are 
all among the wealthiest people. He was 
Mrs. John Jacob Aster's physician in her 
last illness. He is a pleasant companion, and keeps 
young, notwithstanding he is much older than was Mr. 
Conkling. Dr. Barker is the beau ideal of an aris- 
tocrat in appearance- — while hair and side whiskers. 



He occupies a handsome house of Queen Anne ai-chi- 
tecture, and drives about in a handsome English 
brougham. He is considered a very skillful phy- 
sician, yet a walking admission of the inability of the 
best medical skill to successfully cure disease, for 
Dr. Barker has a bronchial difficulty which neither 
he nor the most skilled in his profession have been 
able to cure, and which has caused him to speak in a 
whisper for many years. Dr. Barker lives well, in 
the enjoyment of a large income, and owes his 
otherwise good health and ruddy appearance to his 
yearly trip to Europe. He is the most fashionable 
physician in the city. It is said that Dr. Barker's 
practice yields a larger income than that of any other 
physician in this country. 

'55. — Hon. Wm. L. Putnam, of Portland, was nom- 
inated for Governor, by the Democrats, at the State 
Convention in Augusta, May 22d. We clip the fol- 
lowing notice irom Ihe Leiuiston Journal: "William 
L. Putnam was born in Bath, in 1835. His father 
was Dr. Israel Putnam, one of the most noted physi- 
cians of his time. William L. was graduated from 
Bowdoin College in 1855 and studied law. He was 
elected Mayor of Portland in 1869, which is the only 
public office of consequence which he ever held till 
that of fishery-commissioner. Mr. Putnam was 
mentioned as candidate for nomination to the Supreme 
bench. He is highly regarded by President Cleve- 
land. As a lawyer, Mr. Putnam has few peers in 
Maine. lie has an extensive and lucrative prac- 
tice, being distinguished more for his judicial and 
legal ability than lor talent as an advocate, though 
here his ability is by no means mediocre." 

'58. — General Ellis Spear, of Washington, D. C, 
will deliver the memorial oration at Warren, Me. 

'59. — Rev. E. H. Pomeroy, formerly of this class, 
has resigned the pastorate of the Union Congrega- 
tional Church, at Taunton, Mass., on account of ill- 
health, and will take up his residence at Wellesley. 
'59. — Professor Young and son sailed from Bre- 
men the 16th, and are expected to arrive in Bruns- 
wick the first of June. The rest of his family are to 
remain in Germany for the present. 

'61. — Charles G. Atkins, for a long time superin- 
tendent of the Fish Commission station at Wood's 
Holl, has resigned that position and accepted the 
superintendency of the salmon station at Bucksport, 

'61. — Sarah P. E. Hawthorne pays a tribute to 
Moses Owen in a late Portland Transcript. 
"When I was a child," she says, "I looked upon 
him as one of Fortune's favorites — fair faced, fair 
haired, son of wealthy and indulgent parents. A 

graduate of Bowdoin, a mother's pride, and a sister's 
joy, life looked for him a bed of flowers. While at 
Bowdoin, he, on a visit home, brought a poem which 
he showed his father, a genial sea captain. He read 
it and then dryly remarked, 'Is that what I have been 
paying two thousand dollars a year for, Mose?'" In 
writing his poem, " Lost," he seems to have had 
a presentiment of his last days. 

" 'Tis a dismal sound — yet more sad each day 

Are the wrecks in this life we see; 
For passion's waves have a fiercer sway, 
For they whelm the aoul with the mouldering clay — 

'Tis lost for eternity! " 

'62. — General I. W. Slarbird has accepted an invi- 
tation to deliver the oration before the John A. An- 
drew Post of Boston, Memorial Day. General Star- 
bird entered the army as a captain in the nineteenth 
Maine regiment, and subsequently was promoted to 
the ranks of Major, Colonel, and Brigadier-General. 
He still carries in his body a bullet received at the 
battle of High Bridge. He is now a practicing phy- 
sician in Boston. 

'63. — Rev. C. C. Watson lias closed his labors with 
the Congregational Church at Wareham, Mass. 

'71. — The Bath Independent of May 5th contains 
a highly interesting letter from Rome, written by 
Rev. E. S. Stackpole, describing the city, and its art 
collections, the Pope's gifts, and many localities of 

'75. — Rev. George C. Cressy, pastor of the Unita- 
rian Church, Bangor, was married recently to Miss 
Lilian Maling at his church in that city. 

'77. — Lieut. Peary, U. S. N., who has charge of the 
survey for the Nicaragua Canal, is pushing the work 
rapidly. The larger part of the preliminary survey, 
"extending from Greyton on the east coast to Brito 
on the west, is nearly completed. 

'77. — Philip G. Brown is a member of the Standing 
Committee of the Merchants Exchange in the Port- 
land Board of Trade. 

'77. — Samuel A. Melcher, a native of Brupswick, 
has been elected supervisor of the public schools in 
Northbridge, Mass. Mr. Melcher has been principal 
of the Northbridge High School for several years, 
and the Journal of Education, in a recent issue, pays 
a high tribute to him as a successful school olficer. 

'85. — A recent Boston Herald had an extended 
interview with Mr. A. H. Brown, Bowdoin, '85, wlio 
was one of the members of the college crew of that 
year, and prominently identified with athletics dur- 
ing and after his college course, in regard to pliysi- 
cal culture. It begins the article with the following : 
"The popular examiner of the physical condition of 



applicants for positions upon tlie police force and 
fire department, Mr. A. H. Brown, who has just been 
engaged by the New York police department to in- 
troduce the Boston system into New York, gave a 
Herald reporter some valuable hints on the preser- 
vation of health and the danger of over-exertion in 
gymnastics, that are novel and timely. Mr. Brown 
is the medical director of the Y. M. C. U. of Boston, 
and is considered an authority on matters relating to 
physical culture. Mr. Brown has made a deep study 
of the development of the human physique, and 
has had before him more men for examination 
than perhaps any other expert in this line. He has 
a complete record of all the men he has examined, 
and these records furnish valuable data for tlie dem- 
onstration of his theory." Mr. Brown believes in 
light exercise and thinks that there is altogether too 
much over-development. 

'85. — H. B. Lunt is teacher of Latin and Greek, 
and joint principal in the Harvard School, a flour- 
ishing private educational institution in Los Angeles, 

'85. — William P. Nealley, of Bath, has gone into 
business with his brother, Hon. E. B. Nealley, on 
Broad Street in that city. 

'86. — Geo. S. Berry, Jr., is teaching the high school 
at Mattapoisett, Mass. 

The University of Bologna, the oldest university 
now in existence, will celebrate its 800th anniversary 
on the 11th, 12th, and 13th of June.— i^x. 

Before Vassar College was opened America used 
only .$200,000 worth of chewing gum annually; 
now .$1,000,000 worth is masticated every year. — Ex. 

Chief Justice Fuller will be the fourth member of 
the present Supreme Court who wears a moustache, 
the others being Justices Field, Matthews, and La- 
mar. Mr. Fuller has a " lovely " white moustaclie, 
and if President Cleveland's next appointee to the 
Supreme bench should have an ornamented upper 
lip a majority of the court would defy the ancient 

tradition that no man with a moustache can be a Su- 
preme Justice. Here is an " issue " which the ladies 
would soon settle if they could vote. — Boston Olobe. 

Austria has more public libraries than any other 
European country. These number 573, with a total 
of 73,475,000 volumes, not counting maps and manu- 
scripts. — Ex. 

Leyden University, in Holland, is the richest in 
the world. Its real estate is valued at $4,000,000 — 

Longfellow, Hawthorne, President Franklin Pierce, 
Geo. B. Cheever, and J. S. C. Abbott, — all in one 
class at Bowdoin so far back in the early part of this 
century, show that the small college, enthusiastically 
organized, administered, and instructed, gives ample 
scope to the highest talents in all departments, and 
need not have that disheartening and deadening in- 
fluence often charged upon it. What has been said 
of Bowdoin can be said, in a greater or less degree, 
of almost every small college in the land — our own 
not excepted. In any walk of life you will notice 
men at the top of the ladder, whose Alma Mater 
sheds a tender and profound but by no means exten- 
sive influence — Whitelavv Reid of Miami ; Secretary 
State Frelinghuysen of Rutgers. — Universil>j Mirror. 

What is the diiference between a maiden and an 
apple ? An apple you squeeze to gel cider ; a maiden 
— you get 'side her to squeeze. — Ex. 

" Non paratus," dixit scholar 

Cum a sad, a doleful look; 
" Omne rectu " prof. resiJondit, 

Et "nihil," scripsit iu his book. — Ex. 

Williams College holds the world's amateur rec- 
ord in throwing the base-ball with a distance of 127 
yards, 3 1-2 inches. 

The following is the college yell of Illinois State 
University: " 'Rah — Hoo — 'Rah, Zip Boom Ah, Hip 
— Zoo, 'Rah — Zoo, Jimmy Blow Your Bazoo, Ipsidi 
Iki, U. of I., Champaign!!"— £:»;. 

Professor Turner, of Edinburgh, gets $12,000 a 
year. No other professor in the world gets so large 
a salary. — Ex. 

Vassar is endeavoring to raise money to send 
two of her students to the American school at Ath- 
ens. — Ex. 

The trustees of Princeton have voted a pension 
of $2,500 a year to Dr. McCosh, whether he teaches 
or not. — Ex. 

Sliding down hill with the girls is a cause of sus- 
pension at Hiram College. 

Gordon T. Hughes, son of the American Consul 
at Birmingham, England, won a Cambridge scholar- 
ship valued at $2,000.— £'s. 




[Books reviewed in these columns may be seen at the 
College Library.] 

A History of Elizabethan Litekatuke, by George 
Saintsbury. Macmillan & Co., London and New 
York, 1887; 12mo.; pp. xiv. + 471. 

Many writers upon English Literature, and par- 
ticularly those who affect the earlier stages of its 
development, are apt to render themselves unen- 
durable to the ordinary reader by the dogmatisms 
and quibblings with which they crowd the pages of 
their books. One, with bull-dog tenacity, adheres to 
this or that date, in preference to the one generally 
accepted as the occasion of a certain rather common- 
place and unimportant event. Another, with exas- 
perating suavity, devotes a page or more to the 
presentation of the pros and cons of an endless 
argument upon the likelihood that Sir Philip Some- 
body wrote a certain letter, rather than that the 
man whose name was signed to the document 
wrote it himself. Still a third rescues some luck- 
less scribbler of verses from the depths of obliv. 
ion, where he ought to be allowed a quiet rest, 
and endeavors, by dint of much printer's ink and 
liberal quotation, to prove his pz-o^cf/t: a Marlowe 
or a Jonson. 

In view of these facts it is indeed refreshing to 
meet with a book characterized by such originality 
and freedom from bias as Professor Saintsbury's 
"Elizabethan Literature." Our author is evidently 
aware of the shortcomings of his predecessors. At 
the very outset he states his determination to present 
a concise view of the literature of the period with 
which he deals, rather than to confuse his readers 
by the useless discussion of unimportant details. 
"These things," says Professor Saintsbury, referring 
to particulars of the class mentioned, "These things, 
interesting, perhaps, and sometimes valuable in their 
own way, are but Ancillary, if even that, to the 
history of literature in the proper and strict sense ; 
and it is the history of literature in the proper and 
strict sense with which I have to deal." 

In carrying out the purpose of the book, thus dis- 
tinctly stated, the author adopts a style that is very 
taking, from its originality and occasionally semi- 
humorous patches. Upon a cursory perusal of the 
book it appears to have been written "off-hand." 
Sentence follows sentence very smoothly, the lan- 
guage is generally familiar in tone, and one cannot 
at first resist the impression that whenever the writer 
was at loss for a word he did not trouble himself to 

search for one in a vocabulary, but chose instead to 
coin a term suited to his taste. Second thought 
rather shakes this conclusion, and on more careful 
consideration such an expression as " sentence-and- 
paragrapli-heap " applied to the prose of Sidney, 
appears well fitted to characterize the involved style 
of that worthy and others of his time. 

Professor Saintsbury's criticisms are avowedly 
original. His unique style is fully as prominent and 
effective in his comments as elsewhere. Nothing 
could be more vivid than his remarks upon the style 
of John Lyly, who, he says, "had a fancy which 
amounts to a mania for similes strung together in 
endless lists. It is impossible to open a page of 
" Eicphues^\w\thout finding an example of this 
eccentric and tasteless trick." We can almost imagine 
the mind masticating Lyly's " tasteless " offerings as 
one would munch dry crackers. 

But Professor Saintsbury is not perfect. His fond- 
ness for uncommon words and unusual forms of 
expression amounts sometimes almost to a man- 
nerism. His grammar is occasionally at fault, as for 
example when he speaks of the "four first Tudors." 
Several times he commits the impropriety of intro- 
ducing quotations in foreign languages without trans- 
lating them. On the whole, however, the points of 
excellence very greatly overbalance the defects. 

The present volume forms the second of a series 
devoted to a history of English Literature, the 
entire extent of which has been divided into four 
periods. Each of these periods will be treated by a 
writer who has made that portion his special study. 
If the following volumes prove as praiseworthy as 
the one already issued, the combined result will fur- 
nish one of the best works, if not the best, on its sub- 
ject in the language. 

Alden's Manifold Cyclop/hdia of Knowledge and 
Language, with illnstrations. Vol. 1, A to America. 
New York, John B. Alden, 1887; 12mo.; pp. 030; 65c. 

The qualities most to be desired in a work of 
reference are, accuracy and quantity of information, 
clear tvpe, and convenience in form. These features 
the first volume of Alden's Cyclopa;dia possesses in a 
high degree. The book is small, and much more 
handy to consult than the unwieldy volumes of most 
works of its class. The type is clear, and large 
enough for comfortable reading. Careful comparison 
with cycloposdias of acknowledged worth convinces 
us that its information is accurate and sufficiently 
extended for ordinary purposes. It is particularly 
good upon American topics, which have been very 
much neglected by foreign publications. 


Columbia College, 

ISTra^xTsT- -^ox^i^ OIT'-^'. 

SCHOOL OF MINES.— The system of instruction inclades seven parallel courses of study, each leaclin^^ to a degree, 
viz. : mining engineering, civil engineering, sanitary engineering, metallurgy, geology, and palaeontology, analytical and applied 
chemistry, architecture. 

The plan of instruction includes lectures and recitations in the several departments of study; practice in the chemical, min- 
eralogical, blowpipe, metallurgical, and architectural laboratories; field and underground surveying; geodetic surveying; practice 
and study in mines, mills, machine shops, and foundries; projects, estimates, and drawings for the working of mines and for the 
construction of metallurgical, chemical, and other Avorks; reports on mines, industrial establishments, and field geology. 

During the summer vacation there are Summer Schools in Mechanical Engineering, for practical work in foundries and ma- 
chine shops; in Surveying, for practical work in the field; in Practical Mining; in Practical Geodesy; in Chemistry— aU under 
the i[nmediate superintendence of professors. Special students are admitted to the Summer School in Chemistry. 

SCHOOLi OF LAW.— The course of study occupies two years, and is so arranged that a complete view is given durhig 
each year of the subjects pursued. The plan of study comprises the various branches of common law, equity, commercial, inter- 
national, and constitutional law, and medical jurisprudejice. The first year is devoted to the study of general commentaries upon 
municipal law, and contracts, and real estate. The second year includes equity jurisprudence, commercial law, the law of torts, 
criminal law, evidence, pleading, and practice. Lectures upon constitutional law and history, political science, and international 
law are delivered through both the senior and jurior years. Those on medical jurisprudence are delivered to the senior class. 

All graduates of literary colleges are admitted without examination; other candidates must be examined. Applicants who are 
not candidate:^ for a degi'ee are admitted without a preliminary examination. 

SCHOOL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.— The prime aim of this school is the development of all branches of the 
political sciences. It ofl'ers eight courses in political and constitutional history, nine in political economy, five in constitutional 
and administrative law, four in diplomacy and international law, four in Roman law and comparative jurisprudence, two in 
political philosophy, and one in bibliography— in all, forty-four hours per week through the academic year. The full course of 
study covers three years. For admission as candidate for a degree, the apiplicant must have satisfactorily completed the regular 
course of study in this college, or in some other maintaining an equivalent curriculum, to the end of the junior year. Special 
students admitted to any coxu'se without examination upon payment of proportional fee. 

In addition to the above special schools for graduates and others, there is, in connection with the School of Arts, a Graduate 
Department in which instruction is given to graduates of this and other colleges in a wide range of subjects, embracing advanced 
courses in languages and literatures (ancient and modern), mathematics and the mathematical sciences, philosophy, law, history* 
the natural sciences, methods of research in chemistry and physics, practical work in the astronomical observatory, etc A stu- 
dent in this department may attend a single course, or any number of courses; he may also, at his option, enter as candidate for 
the degree of Master of Arts, Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, or Doctor of Philosophy. 

Circulars of Information, giving details as to courses of instruction, requirements for admission, fees, remission of fees, 
wholly or in i)art, etc., etc., of any of the schools may be had by addressing the Registrar of the College, Madison Avenue aud 
49th Street, New York City. 


Shreve, Crump & Low, 

432 Washington Street, BOSTON, MASS. 

Agents for the Celebrated ''Patek PJiillippe' Watch. 

Also Agents for the Famous Gorham Plated Ware. 



Offer a Fine Stock. Work Execttted ftttickly and at lowest Prices. 


^^y¥ir ii^iyiy^PiLiec-i^^ 

Vol. XVIII. 


No. 4. 





F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Watts, '89, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. "W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies cau be obtained at the bookstores or ou applica- 
tion to tile Business Editor. 

Remittances siiould be made to tlie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, iiersonals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Olfice at Brunswick as Second-C lass Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 4.— Jone 13, 1888. 

Editorial Notes, 41 

Coraniunication, 42 

Reminiscences, 43 

Ivy Oration 44 

Ivy Poem, -47 

Field Day: 

Field-Day Tournament, 49 

The Boat Races, 50 

Awarding of Field-Day Prizes, .... 51 
Ivv Day : 

In Memorial, 52 

Planting the Ivy, 55 

Seniors' Last Chapel 55 

Ivy Hop, 56 

Base-Ball, 56 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 58 

Personal 60 

College World, 61 

Book Reviews 61 

We publish in this number a com- 
plete account of the Field and Ivy-Day 
exercises. It is impossible to point our 
readers to any feature of special interest, for 
the reason that all of the exercises were of a 
high order. It was Bowdoin's most success- 
ful Field Day. Two Bowdoin records were 
broken and the best college record, in one 
event, was tied. 

All unite in declaring 'eighty-nine's Ivy 
Day the best yet. The oration and poem 
were excellent and richly merited the hearty 
applause they received. 

The address of President Bodge speaks 
for itself, and we are glad to give every 
reader of the Orient the pleasure of reading 
it entire, only regretting that they did not 
have the additional pleasure of hearing it. 

The Salem Cadet Band fully sustained its 
excellent reputation in the music rendered. 
Old Prob., too, deserves hearty thanks for 
the superb weather furnished. He is evi- 
dently partial to '89, for similar exercises in 
the past few years have been robbed of much 
interest by his heartless conduct. 

Every man in the Junior Class may well 
feel proud of this Ivy Day, for it reflects 
credit alike on the class and college. 

Bowdoin's campus is considered one of the 
finest in New England, but its unkempt ap- 



pearance detracts much from its beauty. 
Visitors here wonder why, with the beautiful 
shade trees and carefully trimmed walks, the 
grass is allowed to grow so long. The jani- 
tor's bovines do their best in the vacation to 
remedy this defect and succeed admirably, 
but through the spring term no effort is made 
to increase the beauty of the campus in this 
direction. When a very small outlay of 
money and labor would bring forth such 
splendid results, it seems a pity that it is 

The race for the pennant in the Inter- 
collegiate League is a neck-and-neck contest, 
though, at this writing, the championship 
seems to be between M. S. C. and Bowdoin. 
Colby is retired to third place by the unex- 
pected victory of Bates, and M. S. C. has 
only a slight lead over us. The utmost good 
feeling prevails between these colleges, and 
it is safe to say that whichever team wins 
the pennant, will at the same time win the 
respect of the other for the gentlemanly and 
friendly manner in which the contest has 
been waged. 

Whether we win or not we feel a justifi- 
able pride in our team. During the winter 
and early spring there was a far from confi- 
dent feeling among the students in general, 
but the hard work done by the nine, coupled 
with excellent management and firm disci- 
pline, has reversed the feeling of the early 
part of the year. Perhaps in one or two 
places the team might be strengthened, but 
we shall not venture to ojjpose our opinion 
to that of the management, for we dislike, in 
anything, to see a man whose opinion is 
worth nothing, attempt to impress his ideas 
of things on those whom we may assume know 
what tliey are doing. 

We sliall be glad to see the pennant wave 
over Bowdoin's diamond, and our chances of 
success are by no means slight, but practice 
and discipline must not be superseded by 
overweening confidence if we are to win. 

The Commencement number will make 
its appearance as soon as possible after Com- 
mencement. Those who desire to have this 
number sent to their homes will please notify 
the business editor. 


Grinnell, Iowa, June 4, 

Editors of the Orient : 

I notice in your last number an editorial 
on athletics to which I can most heartily 
subscribe. With your permission I will add 
a few words on the question of intercollegiate 

There seems to be a machinery tendency 
in everything nowadays. As soon as any 
industry begins to loom up we straightway 
see an association of some kind formed to 
reduce the thing to the same systematic 
basis on which everything successful has to 

Witness the various scientific, mining, 
metallurgical, historical, and religious asso- 
ciations, meeting constantly in all parts of 
the country. The spirit that prompts this is 
a natural and right one — namely, that men 
need each other's views and each other's 
methods to help them. It is in the present 
state of things impossible to keep electrical, 
mechanical, mining, and civil engineers en- 
tirely separate and independent, and the 
same remark applies in many other cases. 
But the point is here. I doubt in any 
case, if the principal benefit arises from 
professional interchange of opinions. I 
think it comes from the divinely appointed 
contact. The consciousness that there are 
others in the world beside ourselves ; that 
others do not always think as we do, and 
that others have different ways of acting 
from what we think orthodox. I have had 
this experience so many times that I believe 
I can't be alone in it. 

Now I think every one will agree that a 
man can get more bigoted, narrow, and con- 



ceited in college than anywhere in the world 
if he will. In fact if you should pen up a 
crowd of students without letting them ovit- 
side town for the college year they would 
certainly turn out cranks in the majority. 
Perhaps I am extreme in this, but I have 
had opportunities for observing that may 
perhaps have made me so. I think, then, 
that the very best thing about intercollegi- 
ate athletics is that they bring different col- 
leges into contact with each other. No one, 
so far as I know, questions the great aid 
and impulse of emulation. Very few col- 
leges know enough about each other to " em- 
ulate." Athletics give colleges clear insight 
into each other's strength or weakness in one 
way, and I believe it generally leads to 
closer acquaintance in other ways. I can 
add nothing to the excellent remarks of the 
Orient on the subject of local athletics, but 
I believe that intercollegiate contests logic- 
ally follow, just as associations, guilds, etc., 
follow from the old truth of " the followsliip 
of kindred minds." 

J. TOEREY, '84. 


" Silence that dreadful helU"— Othello. 
In a late issue of the Orient reference is 
made to "the little wooden chapel which in 
the old days stood facing west near the broad 
walk leading from the present chapel to the 
road;" and a hair-brained experience of Kev. 
Elijah Kellogg in attempting to " spirit away 
the chapel bell " is related. This has recalled 
the somewhat similar experience of a Bow- 
doin alumnus previous to Mr. Kellogg by 
some years. There seems always to have 
been a special grudge against that unhappy 
bell. As far back as 1832, when the class of 
'35 were Sophomores, there existed a tradi- 
tion that this bell was, one December night, 
upturned and filled with water, so as effectu- 
ally to silence its voice for one day's morning 
prayers and recitations, at least. At any 

rate, wicked Sophomores were probably not 
then more zealous to promptly attend said 
prayers and recitations of dark winter morn- 
ings than they are now, although of Juniors 
and Seniors, to say nothing of unsophisticated 
Freshmen, better things were then, and are 
now, of course, expected. The Sophomores 
in 1832, albeit of more than usual sedateness 
of demeanor, were by no means an entire 
exception to the proverbial wickedness of 
that grade ; and three of the most wicked, 
therefore, in order to maintain the record of 
their class in the ancient feud, conspired to 
" silence that dreadful bell " in manner as 
follows: There was a window on the west 
side of the chapel-tower some thirty to forty 
feet from the ground. Entering this window, 
at your feet lays a trap-door padlocked below, 
while in the belfry over your head hangs the 
" dreadful bell," with its rope passing by you 
down into the porch. Now, pull up that 
rope and securely nail down that trap-door, 
and how is the bell to be rung for morning 
prayers? But how to reach that window 
and gain access to that rope and trap-door ? 

Well, there was in those days an apology 
for a gymnasium off towards the pines, with 
a few parallel bars and the like ; but more 
to the present purpose, there was also a long 
and strong, yet very light ladder. This lad- 
der, these three enterprising youths one 
chill and misty autumnal night, or rather 
morning, conveyed to the chapel, and with 
toil and skill worthy of a better cause reared 
it against the aforesaid window. Then one 
of the conspirators, the boldest of the three 
(one of the best scholars and the poet of 
the class ; alas, poor B. ! he died a few years 
later of consumption) mounted the ladder, 
entered the window, pulled up the rope, 
nailed down the door, and descended to the 
ground ; then the ladder was boi'ne away 
and hidden among the pines, and the tired 
boys crept to their couches, though not to 
sleep ; and that morning, to the amazement 



of everybody, for the first time in years, 
no hated cliapel bell bade anybody awake 
and arise. Strange to tell, the perpetrators 
of this "outrage" were never detected, 
despite most searching inquisition, nor even 
suspected ; nor are they even to this day, 
unless, perchance, one or another of that 
precious trio has " given himself away," 
even as this one has done now. 


John M. Pelan. 

I have chosen a subject which, perhaps, 
may seem strange for an occasion such as 
this, but yet one which is every day growing 
in imjjortauce and is receiving the careful 
consideration of our leading men and women, 
namely, charity organization, and some of 
the methods employed by it. 

The charity organization now generally 
known in New England as the Associated 
Charities is of comparatively recent origin. 
First formed in Buffalo in December, 1877, 
it to-day is in operation in nearly all the 
large cities of our land. 

I will only speak briefly of the machinery 
of this vast organization. There is an agent 
whose business it is to attend to all aj^pli- 
cants for help, to hear their story, and then 
to investigate for himself. Th&n there is the 
district committee, who assign cases to the 
visitors. Of the visitors I will speak later. 

The following are some of the chief ob- 
jects aimed at by the Associated Charities: 
To elevate the poor above the need of assist- 
ance, to prevent imposture, and to diminish 

One of the greatest, if not the greatest, 
evils that the charity organization has to 
contend with, is pauperism. It is a thing of 
gigantic size, and more widely extended than 
one could imagine. It is a growing evil, and 
requires strenuous efforts to uproot it. 

It is estimated that eighty per cent, of 

our paupers are the children of paupers, 
and as a remedy for this terrible state of 
affairs there has been passed, through the 
efforts mainly of the Associated Charities, 
a law by which the children of paupers can 
be taken from their foul, degrading surround- 
ings and from the influences under which 
they would be otherwise nurtured, and placed 
in the care of some Asylum or Home until 
suitable provision can be made for them. 

The Eastern States in particular are be- 
ginning to see and realize that pauperism is 
an expensive luxury, and can in time be 
almost eradicated if proper measures are 
taken for its suppression. New York is 
especially alert in this respect. She has had 
one Margaret the Mother of Criminals, whose 
lineal descendants have cost her over a mil- 
lion dollars already. In this notorious family 
of Jukes, in six generations there was found 
a total of 540 persons, of whom 148 were 
paupers, 49 were criminals, and 73 were pros- 

There is in every community, and large 
cities in particular, a class of people who by 
sickness, failure in business, or accident, are 
brought into a state of dependence on others. 
Among such as these the great work of the 
Associated Charities is performed. Here is 
where the grand feature of the Board of Vis- 
itors finds its best field for action. A visitor 
is given charge of a certain case within her 
district. (I say her, because here is where 
woman finds a duty especially and wonder- 
fully adapted to herself.) She comes to the 
family, if such it be, fully aware of this con- 
dition, gathered from the agent's investiga- 
tions. She does not approach them with any 
insignia of office, but with kind words and 
sympathetic encouragement. She busies her- 
self to raise them from their unfortunate 
position. If there ai'e children old enough 
to work, places are found for them, perchance 
in the store of the Visitor's husband. The 
father, if unemployed, is temporarily supplied 



with work at the Provident Wood Yard, 
while the younger members of the household 
are sent to school. 

Perhaps our Visitor may have to go far- 
ther than mere advice. Their impoverished 
condition may be caused from a want of 
Yankee thrift and economy. If so, the right 
spirited Visitor will hesitate at nothing. She 
will act as well as suggest. I remember 
reading, a short time since, the following in- 
cident : a lady had been advised by a friend 
to recommend to the people she visited in 
her charity work, " that beans were a very 
good article of diet — cheap, nutritious, and 
wholesome." She acted upon her friend's 
advice, and expatiated on the merits of this 
dish wherever she went. In a few weeks 
she met her friend and told her what she 
had done. " But," said her friend, " did you 
tell them how to cook them ? " " Why, no ; 
I supposed everybody would know that." 
" Well, the next time you go among them, 
you ask how they liked your beajis and how 
they cooked them." At her next visit she 
asked a family how they liked their beans. 
" Well, they did not like them very well, 
though they tried them a few times." 
" How did you prepare them ? " " Why, we 
soaked them a little while in water and 
then we ate them." 

It is not one visit to a case that is needed 
but dozens of visits. Visit them until they 
know how to help themselves from your act- 
ive example. Teach them ways of cleanli- 
ness and habits of neatness. These are the 
precepts which the Visitors should ever bear 
in mind. We cannot blame them much. 
Would any of us be superior to them, if 
placed in a similar situation ? It is our asso- 
ciations, the environments in which we have 
been nurtured and reared that raises us so 
high above them. If, by continual visiting, 
we can elevate them to where they no 
longer require our watchful eye, we are ac- 
complishing a great work. We are not only 

saving the father and mother their self- 
respect, but snatching the children from the 
vortex of pauperism. 

But in the case supposed, and in every 
case, no money is given. The motto of the 
society is : " Not alms, but a friend." Aid 
is extended only until the persons arrive at 
a stage where they can help themselves. 

There are some who, by force or a chain 
of circumstances, are unavoidably poor, and 
can never rise into prosperity. For such as 
these, measures for their permanent sup2:>ort 
are taken. 

The difficulties encountered in a work of 
this kind are infinite. I will only speak of 
one, and that is blind giving to the mendi- 
cant who knocks at our door. One should 
make it a rule never to give at the door. 
You may say this is cruel. Yes, I know it 
seems so at first thought, but stop a 
moment and consider. Do you know to 
whom you are giving, or what use will be 
made of what you give ? 

A pathetic story is told of suffering and 
hunger that makes your heart ache. You 
draw your pocket-book and give them some 
money. The recipient rains blessings upon 
you, and wishes you a long life. You are 
satisfied in your mind ; you go to bed think- 
ing of the hungry brood of children devour- 
ing the food your money has procured, and 
inwardly congratulate yourself on your be- 
nevolence ; but if you only knew what 
knavery, nine times out of ten, was beneath 
those woeful looks, or if you heard the clink 
of your money upon the counter of the bar 
tender, your sympathies would not be so 
warm next time. There is as much art and 
make-up to a professional beggar as to a 
Booth or a Salvini. Their parts are studied 
with diligence and assiduity. 

The following illustrates well the case in 
hand : First Beggar — " Why didn't you 
tackle that lady? She might have given 
you something." Second Beggar — " I let her 



go because I understand my business better 
than you do. I never ask a woman for any- 
thing when she is alone, but when two 
women are together you can get money from 
both, because each one is afraid the other 
will think her stingy if she refuses. This 
profession has to be studied just like any 
other, if you expect to make it a success." 

People who thus give indiscriminately 
are putting a premium upon fraud and im- 
posture. They are committing a grievous 
sin against society. They may not witness 
it in immediate results, but nevertheless the 
germs are sown which give birth and contin- 
ually replenish the army of beggars. For 
this reason we should cease giving blindly 
and turn such as apply to us over to the 
Associated Charities, who are Avilling and 
glad to investigate for us. At their rooms 
records are kept of each and ever}'- case ex- 
amined into, and also descriptions of many of 
the traveling army of beggars. Thus here is 
the place to turn your applicants, or go your- 
self for enlightenment. In the agents of the 
Associated Charities you have those skilled 
in detecting imposture and deception, and 
if there are any worthy ones who thus apply 
they, too, will be found as surely as the 
worthless will be exposed. 

As long as people will give at the door, 
so long will there be beggars, for they can 
by their tricks make far more than at honest 
toil. Expose them ; they will then be driven 
to work. There is no danger of their starv- 
ing, as beggars are too particular about their 
diet. Set a beggar down to some good 
bread and butter and his hunger vanishes 
in a moment. Pie alone is good enough for 

If people can live without work, they 
will. We are all lazy, there is no dodging 
it ; and if we behold the honest poor de- 
scending into the beggar lines, can we blame 
them? They see their neighbor living in 
ease, as it were, by means of his well-woven 

pathetic appeal, and say if he can live with- 
out work, why can't we? And with the 
well-to-do classes, with you and with me, lies 
in great measure the fault, as well as the 
remedy of this evil. 

In every city or town where the Associ- 
ated Charities are in operation the great cry 
is for more Visitors to carry on this noble 
woi'k. Boston has over seven hundred Visit- 
ors, still she could advantageously keep busy 
many more. Here is a chance for men and 
women alike to make themselves of some 
use to the world. 

There is too much lukewarmness in the 
Christian church of to-day. It is all well 
enough for us to go to church on Sunday 
and bow our heads in devotion and offer up 
thanks to our Heavenly Father for the bless- 
ings and joys of this world, and supplications 
for the relief of suffering and degradation, 
yet how many of us practice what we preach? 
We are Dr. Jekylls on Sunday and Mr. 
Hydes on Monday. There is something 
more to religion than the mere attendance 
upon divine worship. A bowed head and 
the semblance of devotion is by no means 
the passport to a life eternal. If a man says 
he loves Jesus, let him give evidence of the 
same by his daily life ; for he who is devout 
on Sunday, and cruel, hard, and grinding 
with his neighbor on week days, has, to my 
mind, no fear in the future of living in a New 
England climate. 

In this work there is ample opportunity 
for us all, even the youngest. Many and 
many of us, who are pining for something to 
do, have the very chance at our feet. Search 
out the destitute, the poor, and the sick. 
You may not have money to give, but you 
have yourselves, which is far better. As that 
high-souled woman, Octavia Hill, has said, 
" The gift you have to make to the poor, 
depend upon it, is the greatest of all gifts 
you can make — the gift of yourself." 

The question, " Does it pay ? " is con- 



stantly coming up to those engaged in this 
work. Most assuredly it does. Consult the 
records of the Associated Charities, and 
from the standpoint of mere dollars and 
cents I think you will find that the Associ- 
ated Charities is saving every city in which 
it is located thousands annually in keeping 
people from becoming dependent on the 
public. But far more important than the 
dollars and cents saved is the brightening 
of the lives of the unfortunate. Little we 
know what immeasurable good some self- 
sacrifice on our part may accomi^lish. 

But we should not be discouraged. 
Would that all had the heart and talent for 
work of this kind as a lady in a city not far 
distant. She is a lady of education and 
wealth, and one who is ever busy doing the 
work of the Master. She has associated to- 
gether some little girls in a Sunday-school, 
with which she is connected, into a society 
known as the Helping Hands, whose aim is, 
in a small way, to contribute to the relief of 
suffering humanity. On one occasion she 
invited a lady friend down to one of her 
meetings to assist her by playing on the 
piano. The young lady who thus came 
asked our friend : " Does this work pay ? Do 
you feel that it really makes any difference 
in their lives ? " Her reply was as follows : 
" I know it makes some difference in the 
lives of a few of the children. If I can in- 
terest and hold the children for repeated 
meetings I am sure that good will come of 
the work. At all events it is work in the 
right direction, and I am glad to offer them 
the opportunity to be a power for good if 
they choose. I am more than repaid for my 
labor in the thought that those little lives 
have had good influences about them, and 
have not lacked at least one friend to jjoint 
out to them the path that leads to ways of 
pleasantness and peace." 

Perhaps the most hopeful feature of this 
work is the interesting of the rich and in- 

fluential in the poor and unfortunate. The 
uniting of the high with the low by the 
bonds of brotherly sympathy and friendli- 
ness. It is not the bank notes of the rich 
which elevate and give courage to the poor ; 
it is the friendly visit and the hearty and 
noble interest in their welfare. 

This is the great social movement of the 
age. It is the filling up of the deep and 
wide chasm between the rich and poor. The 
dawn of that looked-for day, when 

"There shall come from out this noise of strife and 
A broader and juster brotherhood, 
A deep equality of aim, postponing 
All selfish seeking to the general good ; 
Then shall come a time when each shall to another 
Be as Christ would have him — brother unto brother." 


George T. Files. 
Where find a land so rich in rhymes 
In tales of old and modern times. 
Of homes, of love, of war, of peace, 
As is the land of ancient Greece ? 
She saw the deeds of Hercules, 
And in her arms was reared a throng 
Of gods and mortals like to these. 
Yet, still untold, remains this song. 

In this fair land, so often sung before. 

Lie two small islands near Boeotia's shore, — 

Between the two, a form there stands alone 

Exceeding like a woman, — yet of stone. 

Now, long ago, these isles were one — some say. 

But they by earthquake shock were rent in twain. 

This maid alone— on that disastrous day 

Was left, of all who dwelt in that fair plain. 


Long, long ago, before the war cry rang 
For that prolonged fight which Homer sang. 
Before the Heracleidce made descent 
And terror through the land of Atreus, sent. 
There lived upon this island in the seas — 
Called Thera, spot most beauteous to-day 
Of all that cluster named the Cyolades — 
The Alcmseonedre, and scepter sway. 



Callimacbus the island then controlled, 

Fifth in the race of sons — we're told — 

But now foot-prints of age had marked his face, 

And words of wisdom, deeds of war replace. 

But in declining years to him was born 

A daughter — as it seemed — to soothe his age. 

To cheer his heart and pleasant home adorn, 

Perhaps lend hope or lonely tears assuage. 


And thus Kallia grew, and with each year 
Some fresh charms on her graceful form appear. 
Sought for by many a good prince was the maid, 
Yet all the while at home she staid. 
Her pleasures few, for hours she was content 
To stroll beside the neighboring stream awhile 
And watch the waves that seemed by magic sent 
To bring upon her face a flickering smile. 


Yes, often thus she wandered 'side the stream 
'Till dear and dearer do its waters seem 
The sweet companion of her lonely hours. 
Those shady rills and pleasant bowers. 
Euretos, too, who o'er the stream held sway. 
Had seen the maiden oft and loved her well 
Nor unrequited for — as passed the day — 
They fonder grew, 'neath Cupid's spell. 


Thus many a happy hour beside the stream 
They sat, and all went happy as a dream. 
Reclining there in peace upon his breast 
She asked no other joy no other rest. 
And— lover like — they made their solemn vow. 
That each no other one would wed. 
Nay, much preferred than this, that they allow 
A destiny how'er severe instead. 

Meanwhile all others share a different fate, 
For couriers from the main-land all relate. 
Barbarian hordes descending on the land 
Of fair Boeotia and the neighboring strand. 
For miles around the populace arise. 
To ward from off their homes this common foe 
To guard the land wherein the border lies. 
In battle now they join for weal or woe. 


Alas, how fruitless 'lis a war to wage 

'Gainst those, who with desire for plunder rage, 

A fruitless figlit — for now tlie field 

Is strewn with valiant men witli sword and shield. 

The barbarous hosts, victorious press on 

And one by one the towns yield to their sway. 

Down to the very coast for victories won. 
Their war cry sends its terror and dismay. 


Nor cease they here, but on in boats they press 
To conquer isles beyond, urged by success. 
And, one by one, as sure, the islands fall, 
O'ercome by brutal force, both great and small, 
Until at last, on Thera's banks they burst 
Where all who from the wretched fight were left^ 
Had sought to make a stand and meet the worst, — 
Of homes, of wives, of sons bereft. 


This is not all. The barbarous host prevail, 
And o'er the very housetops scale 
Down in the streets, a motley mass of forms. 
As if the land were swept by raging storms. 
Here greaves and shields and broken javelin 
Piled high upon the bodies heaped below. 
And higher than the battle's awful din, 
Sound shrieks of women hurrying to and fro. 

At last into the palace all are pressed 
Where fought Callimachus vv'ith youthful zest. 
The door is broke and in that hapless fight 
The old man falls, a prey to brutal might. 
All other inmates flee to save their lives — 
To escape the fallen home, with plunderers fraught 
While each and every one there, vainly strives 
To seek some rest from strife, some sheltered spot. 

Left all alone, Kallia fled away. 
Bowed down by grief and sore dismay. 
She knew not where yet something seemed to lend 
Unwonted strength to reach tlie river bend. 
For there Euretos, by immortal strength 
Alone, could save his love this awful fate. 
In flight the maid is seen by some at length, 
But hasten, haste ! lest now it be too late, 


Almost within their grasp, but — Hark ! the sounds 

Of thunder o'er the level jjlain rebounds. 

The waters of the quiet stream arise 

In darkened masses of enormous size. 

And lo ! upon the surging flood appears 

Poseidon, master of tlie wave. 

And from the chariot's side Euretos peers 

His love to find, his love to save. 

The whole isle, trembling as an affrighted beast. 
Is rent throughout its midst from west to oast. 
The unfortunate city with its conquering band 
Sinks down from view as if by magic hand. 



Alone of all that vast and motley throng 

Kallia stands, untouched by surging waves. 

She knows full well, whose arms so brave and 

From ruthless seas her gentle person saves. 

Thei'e stands Kallia to this day ; 
Still 'round her form the waters play. 
Lest wasting time should ehange her face. 
Her graceful form's by stone encased. 
The rippling waters kiss her feet 
And twice each day, as comes the light, 
Euretos, comes with footsteps ileet. 
And hides his love from mortal sight. 



The Field-day contests were held, as 
usual, at the Topsham Fair Grounds, on the 
afternoon of Thursdaj'', June 7th. The cus- 
tomary shower came at one o'clock, but did 
no damage, save to delay the commencement 
of the exercises a half-hour. Although the 
clouds hung threateningly all the afternoon, 
there was no rain after 2.30. The track was 
in an unusually good condition, having been 
carefully rolled several times in the forenoon. 
The attendance was not so large as the excel- 
lence of the exercises merited. 

The first contest of the day was the 100- 
yards dash, which was easily won by Free- 
man, '89, in 10 3-5 seconds, with Rice, '89, 
2d, and Files, '89, 3d. The time was one- 
tenth of a second slower than last year, owing 
to the slight heaviness of the track caused 
by the rain. Next came throwing the ham- 
mer. Gates threw it 56 feet, winning the 
first prize; Hastings, '90, was 2d; Russell, 
3d. This was followed by putting the shot, 
also won by Gates, whose record was 31 feet 
9 3-5 inches, with Russell 2d, and Hastings, 
'90, 3d. The fourth contest was the 220- 
yards dash, won by Freeman '89, in 22 4-5 
seconds, breaking Bowdoin's record, which 
has been 23 1-2, and coming within a fraction 
of a second of the best world record. Rice 
took 2d prize, and Freeman, '90, 3d. 

Throwing base-ball was won by Gary, 
with Burleigh 2d, and Spillane 3d. The mile 
run, usually a dull, uninteresting contest, was 
one of the most exciting exercises of the day. 
Four men started in the race. At the end of 
the first heat Sears had the lead, closely fol- 
lowed by Lynam. During the last quarter 
of a mile Lynam gained rapidly on Sears, ■ 
and crossed the line only one-fifth of a sec- 
ond behind him; Gary came in 3d. Although 
the track had been carefully looked over, 
Lynam picked up a chip on the spike of his 
shoe, which necessitated his stopping. By 
this he lost many yards. Sears' time was 4 
minutes 56 seconds, which is 9 1-2 seconds 
less than Bowdoin's record. 

Fish, '91, took the 1st prize in the stand- 
ing high-jump ; Ridley, 2d ; Harriman, 3d. 
Record, 5 feet. The 440-yards dash was won 
by Freeman, '89, in 52 2-3 seconds. Rice 
came in 2d, and Freeman, '90, 3d. The pole 
vault was easily won by Prentiss, who vaulted 
8 1-2 feet. Freeman was 2d ; Hastings, '90, 3d. 
The two-mile run was won by McCuUough ; 
2d, Webb; 3d, Royal. These were the only 
contestants. The time was 12 minutes 56 
1-2 seconds. Freeman, '89, took first in the 
running broad jump ; Ridley, 2d; Harriman, 
3d. Distance, 16 feet 10 inches. The 
knapsack race was one of the most interest- 
ing features of the tournament. Prentiss 
and Rice ran it in 19 3-5 seconds, Dennett 
and Gummings came next, and Doherty and 
Rogers were third. 39 feet 4 4-5 inches 
was made by Ridley in the running liop-skip- 
and-jump ; Freeman fell a few inches behind 
him, and Dudley took 3d. 

There were so many contestants in the 
hurdle race that it had to be run in two 
heats and was decided by the time. Free- 
man, '90, took first prize ; Fish took second, 
and Harriman and Gates stood even for the 
third. The three-legged race was won 
by Prentiss and Rice in 13 3-5 seconds; 
Simpson and Sears were 2d; and Dennett 
and Gummings, 3d. 



The last contest of the clay was a half- 
mile run, which was won by Freeman, '90, in 
the remarkable good time of 2 minutes 11 
3-5 seconds. Lynam came in 2d, and Sears, 
3d. The Bowdoin record was beaten in this 
also. It was 2 minutes 18 seconds, made 
by Payson, '81. 

Best class record was made by '90, who 
had forty-eight points. '89 had forty-six. 
Best individual record. Freeman, '89, who 
had sixteen points. 

The officers of the day were as follows: 
Master of Ceremonies, Sanford Fogg, '89 ; 
Referee, Prof. Robinsou; Judges, Mr. F. W. 
Whittier and Mr. Austin Gary; Time-keep- 
ers, the judges and Mr. W. A. Moody; Di- 
rectors, Rice and Thwing, '89, Gates and 
Dunn, '90, and Hastings, '91. The prizes 
were all medals of unique design, silver for 
first prize and bronze for second. Besides 
the medals for each contest, there was one for 
every record broken, and for the best indi- 
vidual record. All the exercises of the day 
passed off very smoothly, and the Field-Day 
as a whole will be long remembered, both 
for its records and general interest. 


June 8th dawned beautifully for the con- 
tests of the day, and a refreshing breeze 
sprang up from the north, not enough to in- 
terfere with the smooth surface of the water, 
and just enough to inspire vigor and anima- 
tion. The sky was cloudless when the long 
stream of eager watchers began to crowd the 
boat-house, and the banks on either side of 
the river. As one leaned over the railing of 
the band-stand on the boat-house roof, all the 
vehicles in town, from the light buggy to 
the bai'ouche, could be seen drawn up in 
long columns, and then came barge loads, 
followed by scores on foot. It was just 10.30 
A.M., when the 'ninety-one men came down 
the platform with their new boat lightly sus- 
pended over their heads. They wore pretty 
new suits, with "'91" worked on the breast. 

and were a muscular set of boys. Then sud- 
denly burst forth the stirring shout : " 'Rah ! 
'rah ! — 'Rah ! 'rah ! — Second-to-none ! — Eta ! 
Thetal — Kappa! Lambda! — Bowdoin ! 
'Ninety-One ! " which was repeated till the 
crew was quite out of hearing. 

Then came the 'ninety crew, with gay 
garnet uniforms, and appeared very confi- 
dent, as they set their shell into the water, 
under the wild Sophomoric yell which was 
encored by the applause of the 'ninety -one 
men and the whole assembly. 

Gow Island was soon reached, and the 
crews turned preparatory for the race. Op- 
posite the old barn, which is the one mile 
point from the bridge straight away as re- 
cently measured, the starter was stationed. 
At the word "go," Mr. Gary fired the gun 
to signal at the other end of the course, and 
the two crews caught the water, the Sopho- 
mores a little the sooner, and taking a thirty- 
two stroke per minute, led the Freshmen, 
who were pulling a good thirty-four stroke, 
for about half the course; when the 'ninety- 
one shell came up even. Then both crews 
spurted to a forty stroke, but the long steady 
stroke of the Sophomores began to give them 
the lead, and they kept it up, spurting again 
at the end of the course. There was much 
excitement as the two boats pulled under the 
bridge, the 'ninety men with a good lead, 
and putting in every pound of "beef " they 
possessed, and also the Freshmen not giving 
up, though they saw their defeat. The Soph- 
omores easily won the race, though having 
some advantage in the course, the Freshmen 
rowing farther out in the current towards 
the Topsham side. 

These are the names, height, and weight 
of the winning crew: 

Height. Weight. 

F. M. Gates, Strolce, Captain, . 5 feet 11 inches. 167 Ihs. 

G. B. Sears, No. 3, 5 feet 7 inclies. 150 lbs. 

O. \T. Turner, No. 2, .... 5 feet 9 inches. 168 Ihs. 

H. H. Hastings, Bow, .... 5 feet 10 inches. 181 Ihs. 

Time, 6 minutes 45 2-5 seconds. 



The time was longer than last year, the 
reason being that the course is longer and 
the current swifter. After long and hearty 
applause, class yells, and hand-shaking, the 
shells were set in the boat-house, and two 
"scrub" crews, only a day old in experience, 
and well representing the names they had 
donned, viz., "Saudpeeps," and "MudguUs," 
came out with the old boats of 'eighty-seven 
and 'eighty-eight, welcomed with much 
laughter and merriment. Their course was 
only a few rods with a turn. They floated 
down between the piers, breathless, waiting 
for the word " Go," and when it was given 
such scrabbling and bracing one rarely sees, 
for every man watched his oar rather than 
the stroke, and consquently some never got 
their oars out of the water ; others took two 
strokes while his neighbor was taking 
one, and others, expecting to get "spilled," 
as they termed it, simply exerted themselves 
to keep the boat from tipping over. Suffice 
it to say that after much vigorous coaching 
from the shore, and serious errors by the 
other boat, the " Saudpeeps " won the race ; 
they were the lighter crew. 

The sky had suddenly become cloudy, 
and it appeared as though the water was be- 
coming very rough for the single-scull race, 
but the wind blew across the river so that 
not much of a chop was raised. F. M. Gates 
and H. H. Hastings were the only contest- 
ants. The course was less than half a mile 
with turn. Mr. Gates had had some experi- 
ence in single sculls before, and showed 
much ease as he lightly pushed off from the 
floating platform, and directed his course 
towards the starting point. Mr. Hastings, 
who is a trifle heavier, rowed a very pretty 
race, and showed the least excitement 
throughout the course. Both rowed a steady 
stroke, quickening a little as the flag was 
rounded. Mr. Gates neared the bridge con- 
siderably in advance of his rival, although 

he had the disadvantage of the current. 

The day had its usual marks of interest 
for boating, there being a good attendance 
on shore, and many in boats plying along the 
race-course of the shells. 

Mr. Moody was referee, Mr. Car}^ starter, 
Whittier and Tolman, time-keepers. Much 
credit is due to Mr. Lynam, of '89, for coach- 
ing the 'ninety-one crew, and to Mr. F. N. 
Whittier for zealous oversight of all the 
crews this year. It is to be hoped that boat- 
ing will be ever as well represented as in 
this year's races, and that more crews will 
participate next year. 


" The very thought of this fair company 
clapped wings to me," said a first prize win- 
ner, with beaming face, Friday afternoon. 
And well he might, for a large and enthusi- 
astically generous crowd filled the black 
walnut fonns of King Chapel, to witness the 
awarding of the prizes won Field Day. 
President Hyde, as usual, made the presenta- 
tions, which ceremony he prefaced with a 
few timely remarks. He called attention to 
the fact that while in other colleges athletics 
were carried to such an absurd excess as to 
cause the Faculties to place just restrictions 
on them, nothing of the kind had been nec- 
essary at Bowdoin. The work here had 
never proved detrimental to the studies^ but 
on the contrary of such a nature as to elicit 
emphatic approval. After a witty reference 
to the scrub race, which caused the conse- 
crated dust to rise and settle not till the lofty 
window sills were reached, up the aisle came 
the victorious Sophomore crew of Field Day 
morning. Capt. Gates led them, bearing the 
inevitable oar which was decked with '90's 
ribbons. Four handsome cups, all alike, 
were presented to the brawny wielders of the 
ash, who bowed and modestly retired. Then 
the thirty-six winners of the previous after- 
noon, one after another, went forward to 



receive their trophies. A good innovation 
had been made this year in substituting 
medals for the hackneyed inkstands, paper 
weights, match-safes, and other utensils which 
on former occasions served as prizes. 

The first prizes were of silver and the 
second, bronze. They bore a college mono- 
gram in raised work, and were engraved 
with date and name of event. A Boston 
firm supplied them. They were universally 
voted handsome, and were presented amidst 
vociferous "wooding" and rattling of the 
steam pipes. 



Long before the hour appointed for the 
commencement of the Ivy exercises, Upper 
Memorial was filled with a gay and expect- 
ant company. Precisely at ten minutes of 
three, handsome Jean Missud raised his 
baton, and the lively strains of the Salem 
Cadet Band floated forth. Ten minutes 
later, '89, forty strong, and headed by Mar- 
shal H. C. Jackson, marched slowly up to 
the platform. Each was garbed in "inky 
coat and customary suit of solemn black," 
but, unlike Hamlet, these were not "the 
trappings and the suits of woe," for each face 
wore a jovial expression, and to each lapel 
was pinned, not the sombre badge of mourn- 
ing, but bright peacock blue and pink 
ribbons, held in place by an ivy leaf pin. 
After the class had been seated, Chaplain C. 
H. Fogg offered a feeling and eloquent 
prayer, in which touching allusion was made 
to the late Mr. Herbert Merrill. The or- 
chestra then rendered another selection. Just 
here it may be appropriate to mention that 
the music of the day, from first to last, was 
a constant source of delight to all in attend- 
ance upon tlie exorcises. Too much 2:iraise 
cannot be accorded to the artistic manner in 
whicli everything was executed. Each listener 
could say with Orsino in " Twelfth Night " : 

" That strain again ! 
Oh, it came o'er my ear like the sweet sound 
That breathes upon a bank of violets. 
Stealing and giving odor." 
The oration was pronounced by Mr. John 
M. Phelau, and Mr. George T. Files read the 
poem. Both grace ouv literary columns and 
their perusal will set forth their many excel- 
lences far better than words of ours. Both 
gentlemen possess musical, well-modulated 
voices, and the delivery in each case greatly 
enhanced the charm of the productions. 
Hearty and gratifying applause followed at 
their close. 

Then President L. J. Bodge spoke as fol- 
lows : 
Ladies and Qentlemen : 

The jjleasant custom which we celebrate to-day is 
comparatively new in the annals of the college. 

Long ere the first class ivy was planted, Long- 
fellow " had, 'neath whispering pines, begun to lisp 
in numbers"; Ilawtliorne had here imbibed his 
wonderful powers of mental analysis and graphic 
description. This custom was first inaugurated 
by the cl.iss of eighteen hundred and sixty-six, 
but unfortunately it was not continued by suc- 
ceeding classes, with tlie exception of '74, un- 
til '76, by introducing several new features, made it 
the most pleasant of all class exercises. The various 
class recitations and lectures, may, in a measure, be 
forgotten ; not so any living memorial which the 
class can call its own. 

Three notable events mark the autumn of 1885 as 
memorable in the history of Bowdoin College. First 
a new President came, bringing with him a youthful 
temperament in hearty unison with collegians, and 
above all, a manly and healthy Christianity, the 
fruitage of which has already increased many fold. 

Secondly, a new gymnasium was added, which 
supplemented the mental culture with the physical. 
Last, but I will not say least, the class of '89 entered 
Bovvdoin . Born under such auspicious circumstances, 
it is no wonder that '8D's lucky star has ever been in 
the ascendancy. 

During our first term came that insatiable desire 
to tempt fate; that spirit of inflexible resolution so 
characteristic of the Yankee. We gratified that de- 
sire ; we exemplified that spirit by what is known in 
college phraseology as a pea-nut drunk. Permit me 
to say that tliis is a merely technical exjaression 
and signifies something totally harmless. It is need- 
less for me to mention that the barometer fell ; that 
this indication of moisture was subsequently verified. 



From tempestuous weather; from the hundred 
and one indignities heaped on Freshmen, yet all so 
conducive to the highest type of collegian, we 
emerged, a strong and united class. Happily at the 
beginning of Sophomore year, " consideration like an 
angel came," and iii our censorship we exercised a 
mild, paternal oversight. 

That indefinable something required of a genuine 
Sophomore was more than satisfied when in execu- 
tive conclave over the Faculty table we discussed 
the flavor of that prince of the feathered tribe. 

With the opening of mythical Junior ease we be- 
came one of the powers that be ; but with tlie power 
came cares and sorrow. To-day we miss the genial 
countenance of one, who by the sincerity and con- 
stancy of his life had endeared himself to us all. He 
was of that happy and ingenuous temperament that 
irresistibly commands the admiration. Though 
quickly the azure gates closed on him, his was a life 
crowded with good deeds done in the light that guides 
aright. We know not what hopes closed over his 
grave ; wliat other toil this higli-iutentioned mind 
could have accomplished. Unshrinkingly he passed 
beyond our horizon, leaving us to cherish the memory 
of his self-sacrificing life. And while we to-day 
crown our few short collegiate years with the emblem- 
atic ivy, let us hope that he for years eternal may 
be adorned with tlie ivy crown divine. 

Three happy years have gone by, and it is with 
feelings almost akin to sorrow that we realize those 
years are no longer ours. Memories crowd thick and 
fast on the bewildered brain ; memories of sports 
when the tide of youthful vigor runs high ; memories 
of the grand old game of Rugby, "With foot and 
eye opposed in dubious strife"; memories of the 
great national game with its innumerable chances 
and its intensity of excitement ; memories of walking 
and talking under the majestic and inspiring pines of 
old Bowdoin ; memories of chapel exercises on Sab- 
bath afternoon, with the rich, western sunlight 
streaming in through the stained glass, lending to 
the paintings on the wall a richer tint, and to the 
whole interior something hallowed and almost divine. 
Never can these memories fade. With one more 
span our cycle will be complete. Our college course 
has been uuraarred by internal strife, the bane of 
class life. It has suffered from no eccentricity or 
peculiarity, but has been as steady as the full-orbed 
and imperial sun. 

No class is more devoted to the college. Its de- 
votion is not the ephemeral and conventional, aroused 
by the enthusiasm of the moment, but the constant 
and sincere. Class and college are equally dear. 
'Eighty-nine and Bowdoin are the talismantic words 

mutually entwined in the memory of each one of our 


This graceful gem, constantly interrupted 
by laughter and applause, was greeted with 
renewed hand-clai)])iiig at the finish. Then 
Mr. Bodge, in witty and telling speeches, 
presented the several Ivy honors. He sjioke 
of the particitlar fitness of the bestowal of 
each. He told how '89's gymnast constantly 
expostulated with his fellows for cutting the 
gym, and stated that the gentleman now 
leading his class in all his physical measure- 
ments, would undoubtedly next year be the 
first exponent of the Sargent system in col- 
lege. " Mr. Staples, in token of your marked 
athletic abilities, allow me to present you 
this four hundred pound dumb-bell." 

Mr. Bodge and the orator staggered 
under the weight of that dumb-bell, but Mr. 
Staples, of course, lifted it on high many 
times with ease. He said: "Ye call me 
gymnast and ye do well to call him gymnast, 
who in three long years never entered the 
gym, and always succeeded in eluding the 
divine Whittier. Ye call me Apollo by rea- 
son of my contour. The classic author re- 
marked : *■ Poeta nascitur non Jit,' but I say: 
' Athleta fit non nascitur.'' " With a few 
other happy hits, Mr. Staples thanked the 
president for the honor. 

Mr. D. E. Owen, as funny man, was pre- 
sented with a nice razor. Some of the audi- 
ence couldn't see the point in this, but they 
all saw the edge. Mr. Owen's response was 
a keen one : " Well calculated to razor 
laugh." He said some men were born great ; 
some achieved it; and some had it thrust 
upon them : but he had come prominently 
before the public Owen to a happy concatena- 
tion of circumstances. After a pun or two 
more he made application (intellectual) of 
the razor. " It denotes a smooth, beard- 
less countenance, so in this connection it 
may imply that my jokes are destitute of 
those too common appendages — whiskers." 



President Bodge, introducing the Fac- 
ulty favorite, told how Mr. E. R. Stearns 
always attained the golden ten strike, and 
ever bobbed up serenely when called to re- 
cite, even if he had been monkeying with a 
neighbor. Mr. Stearns took the wooden 
menton (which a Brunswick girl was heard 
to saj' beforehand she hoped would be an 
honorable mention) and remarked that he pre- 
ferred addressing professors to audiences. 
He knew the professors were thinking a 
great deal of him during recitations, and 
outside too, for he often visited their homes 
by special and urgent invitation. They even 
called on him at his room sometimes, so much 
did they enjoy his society. He thought all his 
classmates knew he scorned to obtain rank 
by chinning, or by plugging, either, for that 

The class epicure was alluded to as a 
disciple of fastidious gastronomy, and one 
much sought for as a judge of good eating. 
Mr. F. M. Russell smilingly received his 
canvas-back, and stated that this matter had 
ever been humanity's aim. He made several 
quotations to give weight to his asseveration, 
and ended his concourses of testimony with 
Owen Meredith's : 

" We may live without poetry, music, and art; 

We may live without consoience, and live without 
heart ; 

We may lire without friends ; we may live without 
books ; 

But civilized man cannot live without cooks. 

He may live without books, — what is knowledge but 

He may live without hope, — what is hope but deceiv- 

He may live without love, — what is passion but pin- 

But where is the man tliat can live without dining? " 

Other men in the class were in the same 
box with him. In his case he had resolved 
that a longing for truth and a liankering for 
food should Ije inextricably mingled. 

A lich-toneil Cremona drum awaited the 

musical man, whom Mr. Bodge declared to be 
very versatile. He was good either as an 
instrumentalist or singer, and could imitate 
anything from one of Mozart's finest to a 
feline concert. This brought Mr. O. P. 
Watts to his feet, and he acknowledged that 
he had delighted his classmates for three 
years with his melodies. He was proud and 
grateful. He related an incident of a cer- 
tain person discovering the attic floor in 
North Maine well sjDlintered, and being 
asked who was responsible therefor, Mr. 
Watts replied : " I cannot tell a lie any more 
than Washington, I did it with my little 
hatchet." This was perhaps the best music 
the speaker had ever produced. His appear- 
ance on the Ivy stage was to be his last in 
public, private or any where else, as a musical 

These presentations had all been re- 
garded as good-humored jokes, but in the 
case of the popular man of '89 the tribute 
was sincere. The president very prettily 
enumerated all of his good qualities, and took 
the utmost pleasure in handing the wooden 
spoon to that frank, generous, and thor- 
oughly good fellow, Bernard Carroll. A roll 
of applause from every person in the hall 
greeted Mr. Carroll as he stepped out. He 
jokingly remarked that he had been a favor- 
ite with his gymnasium instructor, judging by 
that gentleman's invitations to him to fre- 
quent the gymnasium oftener, and also to Glee 
Club audiences, who always singled him out 
when the club were remembered with bouquets 
of a rather negative character. He thanked 
the class feelingly, and said he should regard 
the spoon as the joint property of forty 
classmates entrusted to his keeping, a sym- 
bol of the fraternity and good-will which al- 
ways had marked, and always would, the 
class of '89. 

The appreciation of the audience all the 
afternoon was made evident by many a gen- 
erous outburst. 




The class marched down to the south end 
of Memorial Hall, and gathered in a semi- 
circle before tlie veiled marble leaf east of 
the door. They sang the following beautiful 


By Clarence L. Mitchell. 

Air — " Danube River." 
We're gathered now, in friendship's bond, 

To celebrate together 
A festive day on Bowdoin's shrine. 

In pleasant summer weather; 
Then let us raise our song to-day. 

The motive ne'er concealing. 
Till all our hearts shall stronger be. 

Deep sympathy revealing. 

The ivy green with tendrils strong. 

Endears us, hero united; 
We'll plant it then with tender care, 

In the friendship we have pliglited ; 
For roaming through these classic grounds, 

In after years a token, 
'Twill serve for us in searching them. 

When class-ties have been broken. 

We'll number friends in other scenes, 

And have a world of pleasure. 
But few more true and loyal too. 

Than seeking wisdom's treasure ; 
As time rolls fast the years away. 

And fleeting moments shine. 
Oh may our hearts anon return 

To our noble 'eighty-nine. 

The president then taking the ivy, a gen- 
uine English one sent to the class by a 
friend in Liverpool, confided it to the keep- 
ing of the curator, Mr. W. S. Elden in a 
neat speech. Mr. Elden happily responded, 
promising that the vine should ever be espe- 
cially the object of his solicitude and care. 
He closed with this beautiful figure : " We 
have read in the tales of ancient mythology 
that the ivy which crowned the brow of 
sportive Bacchus possessed a certain mystic 
power which could drive away all care. May 
our own ivy possess anew this power and 
serve as a glorious monument forever to the 
memory of our dear '89." 

The ivy was planted, each of the class 

throwing a trowelf ul of earth about its roots, 
and the marble leaf was uncovered. The 
members then grouped themselves for a pict- 
ure by Reed. A good precedent was thereby 
established. The audience meanwhile had 
gone to King's Chapel to witness '88 attend 
prayers for the last time. 

seniors' LAST CHAPEL. 

The mellow sun of the dying afternoon 
picturesquely streamed in and lit up the 
beautiful room. The bell was tolling sol- 
emnly. The large assembly was hushed, 
while the organ played a soft voluntary. 
At the ceasing of the bell the Seniors 
marched gravely into their accustomed seats. 
It was the last time. " Some must have been 
thinking of old days — -the many such services 
they had attended, in cold weather, in warm 
weather, sometimes coming early and orderly 
with the decorum of their Freshman days, 
sometimes lingering so long that only a des- 
perate rush would admit them — and now 
this one particular service was to be the con- 
summation of the whole series ! But there 
was no haste that night ; everybody took 
plenty of time." Ah ! they would never 
again attend prayers at Bowdoin as a class. 

Mr. J. L. Doolittle marshaled '88 to their 
seats, and President Hyde read Psalms xc, 
and xci. A delegation from the Glee Club 
sang Chwatal's " Lovely Night " ; then the 
Seniors arose while the President offered a 
most solemn and fervent prayer. There 
was a silence of death. The impressions of 
the hour will never be forgotten ; they can 
never be. 

Formed in fours, locked arm in arm, 
swaying slowly back and forth, and singing 
Robbie Burns's good " Auld Lang Syne," 
the Seniors went slowly down and out. It 
was the last time. " Old jealousies must 
have been ended ; old friendships more 
friendly. The bitter things, if any there had 
been, began to grow pleasant or be forgot- 
ten. Already the things of college days 



were the things of memory, and memory soft- 
ens the hard places always." 

The whole college collected in two lines 
outside the door, and cheers were given for 
old Bowdoin, for the Faculty, for the ladies, 
and for the lower classes. Nearly all the 
Freshmen cheered for themselves, much to 
the general amusement. 

The daylight proceedings of '89's Ivy 
Day had become a delightful memory. 


As the weather during Ivy Day had 
been perfect, so that of the evening was all 
that could be desired. Toward sunset the 
light breeze, which had been blowing all day, 
increased in strength, and by eight o'clock 
the temperature had fallen to a point at 
which dancing was comparatively comfort- 
able. By the time the clock in the tower 
of the town-building had struck the above- 
mentioned hour, the hall below had begun to 
present an animated appearance. Arrivals 
of prospective dancers had already been 
numerous and the balcony was filled with 
spectators patiently awaiting the inaugura- 
tion of the festivities. 

The hour from eight to nine was very 
pleasantly filled with a concert by the Salem 
Cadet Band, which had furnished such accep- 
table music for the exercises of the afternoon. 
The programme was well arranged and the 
various selections were warmly applauded 
by the listeners. At the conclusion of the 
concert dancing was instituted with the con- 
ventional " March and Circle." About sixty 
couples participated in the initiatory prome- 
nade, which was led by Floor Director B. C. 
Carroll. The oi'ders, distributed immediately 
before the dancing of the circle, were very 
tasty specimens of the printer's art. Thir- 
teen numbers were "on the list" making, 
with the circle and tlie five extras, a total of 
nineteen dances. 

It is hardly necessary to say that, under 
the happy influence of inspiring music 

and skillful management, the hop proved a 
perfect success. It is safe to say that the 
ladies present were never more entertaining 
or more becomingly attired. It would be 
useless for one of the opposite sex, attended 
by the additional disadvantage of being a 
mere tyro in the nomenclatare of the ma- 
terials of feminine apparel, to attempt a 
description of the elegant costumes. It 
must be sufficient to say that all were of a 
most charming character. An unusually 
large proportion of the ladies present were 
from out of town, nearly every prominent 
city in the state being represented. Bruns- 
wick was not behind but furnished its quota, 
the members of which added largely to the 
enjoyment of the occasion. 

At the conclusion of " Portland Fancy," 
the seventh dance in order on the programme, 
the company adjourned to the court room 
below where suitable refreshments were 
served. After a short time, occupied in con- 
versation, and in the discussion of the tempt- 
ing viands, dancing was again resumed, and 
continued until an early hour. As many a 
weary reveler retired to his couch the rays 
of the rising sun were beginning to lighten 
the eastern sky. 


Colby, 11; Bowdoin, 8. 

On Saturday, June 2d, our team sustained 
a defeat that has important bearings upon 
the fate of the intercollegiate pennant. Of 
course it is useless and tedious to repeat the 
stale old excuse of "hard luck;" but certain 
it is that our nine outbatted their oppo- 
nents, and any candid person will admit 
that had Fish been able to catch, the game 
would have been ours. Russell was put be- 
hind the bat with no practice, and as a 
result he made errors. Up to the eighth 
inning the game was interesting and the ex- 
citement intense ; but unfortunate errors at 



that time allowed our old rivals to secure the 
regulation lead. 

Fred Freeman played ball in a manner 
that merits the admiration of the college, 
accepting every chance at second base, bat- 
ting terrifically, and winning bases with his 
characteristic dash and speed. Gary pitched 
a steady game, and his running foul catch, 
in the third, elicited rounds of applause. 
Larrabee's territory was as unsafe for his 
opponents, as usual. 

For Colby, Gilmore covered first-base in 
great style ; Pulsifer caught well ; and Wagg 
played a good game at second. Gibb's run- 
ning foul catch was also a marked feature. 

Far be it from our purpose to offer any 
word of criticism upon the captaincy or man- 
agement of the nine for never before has 
there existed that unison of feeling and firm- 
ness of discipline which now characterize the 
team. We would suggest, however, that 
preparation for emergencies should always 
be made. No man can catch, or do anything 
else, without practice ; and it is exceedingly 
embarrassing to be sent into the field, before 
a large audience without it. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Pulsifer, c 4 3 2 3 7 1 

Parsons, p 5 2 2 2 2 4 1 

"Wagg, 2b 5 1 1 1 3 2 

Gilmore, lb 4 1 

Gibbs, l.f 4 1 1 2 1 

King, s.s 4 1 3 2 

Eoberts, o. f. . . . "^ . 4 2 2 1 

Meguire, r. f 4 1 1 1 

Bangs, 3b 4 1 3 I 2 

Totals 38 11 9 8 27 7 7 


A.B. R. B.H. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Williamson, r.f. ... 4 1 1 2 

Larrabee, l.f 5 3 

F. Freeman, 2b. ... 5 2 4 2 1 6 

Fogg, c. f 5 1 2 1 

Packard, lb 5 2 2 1 11 1 

Russell, c 5 1 1 5 3 5 

G. Freeman, 3b. ... 4 1 2 2 

Pendleton, s.s 5 1 1 1 

Gary, p 3 1 2 2 2 7 1 

Totals 41 8 11 9 24 18 10 



Colby 20111114 z— 11 

Bowdoin, 200030012—8 

Struck out — by Cary, 5; by Parsons, 2. Earned Runs 
— BoTvdoin, 2; Colby, 2. Two-Base Hits— Fred Freeman, 
(2), G Freeman 1. Passed Balls— Russell, 5; Pulsifer, 1. 
First-Base on Errors— Bowdoin, 4; Colby, 5. Left on 
Bases— Bowdoin, 9; Colby, 5. Umpire — P. E. Lindsey. 

Bowdoiiis, 17; Presumpscots, 11. 
On the forenoon of Ivy Day our team 
administered to the Presumpscots their first 
amateur defeat of the season. The game 
was characterized by heavy batting, in which 
the college boys led. Our nine was re- 
arranged, and contained one new man, Mun- 
cie of '91, whose work deserves his retention 
as a regular man. Fish made a phenomenal 
running catch of a high-liner at center field. 
G. Freeman played an errorless game at 
third, and Pendleton gave a good exhibition 
of batting. For the visitors, Campbell made 
a fine pickup of a hot grounder at short, and 
Elkins played well behind the bat. In the 
ninth, Webb injured his finger attempting 
to stop F. Freeman's hot liner, in such a 
manner as to interfere somewhat with his 
pitching. The Presumpscots are a very 
gentlemanly team. Score : 


A.B. R. B.H. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Gary, p 2 2 2 9 2 

Larrabee, l.f. . . . • G 2 1 2 2 

F. Freeman, c 5 4 2 2 9 1 4 

Fogg, 2b -6 2 1 3 3 

Fish, c.f G 2 2 3 3 

Muncie, lb G 3 1 5 10 2 

Eussell, r.f G 2 2 2 1 

G. Freeman, 3b. ... G 2 1 3 
Pendleton, s.s 4 2 3 3 1 2 1 

Totals 53 17 17 20 27 18 12 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Files, 2b G 3, 2 6 1 3 1 

Clark, 3b G 1 2 3 3 2 

Smith, c.f -5 1 1 

Morton, lb G 1 3 3 7 1 

Webb, p 5 1 1 15 1 

Burnell, l.f 4 1 2 2 2 

Campbell, s.s 5 2 3 2 5 2 

Elkins, c 5 1 1 1 15 1 1 

Graffam, r.f 5 1 

Totals 47 11 15 18 27 24 10 




....10050403 4—17 
....11030103 2—11 

Bowdoins, . . . 
Presumpsoot, . . 

Time— 2h. 20m. Earned Runs — Bowdoins, 8; Presump- 
scots, 2. Base on Balls— by Webb, 3; by Gary, 4. Struck 
ou1^-by Gary, 7; by Webb, 12. Left on Bases — Bowdoins, 
10; Presumpscots, 13. Two Base Hits — Gary, Freeman, 
Foggl; Fish, 1; Pendleton. Three Base Hits— Smith, 
Eussell. Umpire— Wiloomb, o£ Maine Medical School. 

Jackson has been appointed bell- 
ringer, with Doherty as substitute. 

Clark, '89, returned to college June 
2d. He was given a rousing round of 
cheers at the depot by his classmates. 

Miss Charlotte G. Lane, C. J. Goodwin, '89, and 
Emery, '89, are to work on the library classification 
this summer. Probably 16,000 volumes have yet to 
be changed to the new system. 

The eight-year-oider who assists the South Maine 
end woman wearies a certain Freshman by address- 
ing him as " father." 

A delegation of pretty co-eds accompanied the 
Colby nine on their last Bowdoiu visit. 

Adjourns have been plentiful recently. 

Memorial Day was a perfect holiday as far as 
weather was concerned. The students devoted it 
mostly to base-ball. 

German is playing a great game with the Juniors 
this spring. But few hits are made from its delivery, 
and strike-outs are of daily occurrence. 

The perennial mosquito has arrived, and is now 
ooming Herr Booker's fall tricks on the boys. 

Watts has been appointed on the Junior prize dec- 
lamation, vice Carroll, excused. 

President Hyde's baccalaureate at Fryeburg, June 
3d, was a fine effort, and has been quoted by all the 
papers of the State as good advice for the young. 

Eight of the Okient Board are Blaine republi- 
cans. Perhaps the man of plumes may now recon- 
sider his refusal. 

It is not generally known that '76 buried beside 
their ivy a bottle containing copies of the invitation, 
programme, and current Orient. Arlo Bates, the 
novelist, was both president and poet on the occasion, 
the only time the two offices have been combined in 

From present indications the class of '92 is to be 
larger than the present Freshman class. Every pre- 
caution is taken by the Faculty to make room for them. 
No student, except those now rooming alone, can 
hold his room in the college buildings alone for next 
year, nor can he draw for a room except with his 
intended room-mate. 

Manson, Elden, and White were judges at the 
recent prize speaking of the Topsham High School. 

Now that the west end of the chapel is beautified 
by the new organ, there should be a new pulpit or 
reading desk to correspond at the east end. The 
present old-fashioned aftair, with its dingy and faded 
red draperies, is sadly out of place. If one of mod- 
ern pattern cannot be substituted, the old pulpit cer- 
tainly should be upholstered anew before the begin- 
ning of another term. 

It is understood that I'cunions will be held at 
Brunswick this year by the classes of '38, '48, '53, 
'63, '68, '78, and '85. 

Stearns is singing second tenor on the Glee Club, 
in absence of Hill. 

Prof. Chapman has been re-elected President of 
the Board of Trustees of Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary. J. L. Crosby, '53, is Secretary. 

The reception of the Senior class of the Bruns- 
wick High School occurs Friday evening, the 15th. 
Dancing from nine to twelve. 

The alumni are authorized by tlie Overseers to 
nominate candidates for one-half the vacancies ex- 
isting in the lower board, and this nomination is 
equivalent to an election. The association has ap- 
pointed a committee, consisting of Prof. Jotham B. 
Sewall, of South Braintree, Mass., Professor Chap- 
man, and Mr. Frank C. Ujiton, of Orange, N. J., to 
present two names for each vacancy in the Board of 
Overseers which the alumni are entitled to fill at the 
annual meeting this Commencement. 

Glee Club calendar since May 1st: May 17th, at 
Freeport; 24th, Auburn ; 26th, Organ Recital, Bruns- 
wick; June 4th, Rockland. The quartette sang at 
Farmington, May 22d, and at Skowhegan the 30th. 
There are few student organizations that advertise 
Bowdoin better than does her Glee Club. 

A lady was observed viewing a recent ball game 
through opera glasses. 



The eighty-third Commencement of Bowdoin 
College will occur the week of June 24-30, 1888. 
Programme : 

Sunday, 4 p.m. Baccalaureate Sermon by President 

Monday, 8 p.m. Junior Prize Declamation. 

Tuesday. Class Day Exercises. Illumination and 
Dance on the Green in tlie evening. Annual meeting of 
the Maine Historical Society at i) a.m. 

Wednesday, 9 a.m. Graduating Exercises of tlie Med- 
ical School of Maine, in Memorial Hall. Address by Hon. 
William Henry Clifford, Dartmouth, '58, of Portland, Me. 
11 A.M. Meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa Society in Adams 
Hall. 3 P.M. Oration before the Alumni in Memorial 
Hall, by Hon. Orville Dewey Baker, 'G8, of Augusta, Me. 
8 P.M. Commencement Concert at Town Hall. 9.30 p.m. 
Fraternit3' Reunions. 

Thursday, 8.30 a.m. Prayer-meeting of Alumni and 
friends in Y. M. C. A. Room. 9 a.m. Meeting of the 
Alumni in Adams Hall. 10.30 A.m. Commencement Ex- 
ercises followed by Dinner in Memorial Hall. 8 p.m. Re- 
ception by the President in Memorial Hall. 

Friday, 8.30 a.m. Examination of candidates for ad- 
mission to College at Cleaveland Lecture Room. 

Saturday, 8.30 a.m. Examination for admission con- 
The Salem Cadet Band will furnish the music. 

A Junior was heard inquiring, just before Ivy 
Hop, the price of " key roses." Did any one sug- 
gest he meant tea roses ? 

Professor S. J. Young arrived from Dresden, 
Germany, Monday, May 28th. He was accompanied 
by his eldest son, Ernest, who will enter Bowdoin 
next fall. Professor Young will return to Germany 
in about two months. 

Only a few Juniors competed for a prize oflfered 
by Mr. Garrett of Philadelphia, through Rev. R. B. 
Howard, for the best essay on international arbitra- 
tion. Hon. Josiah Crosby, '35, and Rev. B. P. Snow, 
'55, were judges. 

Fifteen couples enjoyed an informal hop in the 
Court Room, Monday evening, 28th. Manson was 

" Two Longfellows," quoth a lady Friday after- 
noon, gazing admiringly at the Westminster replica 
and then on '89's worthy president. 

Senior examinations occurred Monday and Tues- 
day, June 4th and 5th. The examining committee 
was represented by Hon. Josiah Crosby, '35, of the 
overseers. Rev. Samuel F. Dike, D.D., and Rev. 
Benj. P. Snow, '55. President Hyde tendered '88 a 
reception at his home, Tuesday evening. 

Typographical errors will creep into even as good 
a paper as the Lewiston Journal. In speaking of the 
Fryeburg Academy graduating exercises it is guilty 
of: "Seven of the gentlemen were examined by 

Prof. Woodruff, B. Call, of Bowdoin, and admitted 
without conditions." 

The chapel was nearly filled at the organ recital 
Saturday afternoon. May 26th. The new instrument 
was played for the first time in public by Mr. Kotz- 
schmar, who expi-essed himself as much pleased 
with it. The whole concert was most enjoyable. 
Programme : 


The Water Mill. 

In Native Worth (Haydn). 


Comrades in Arms. 


Total Eclipse (Handel). 

Softly Now the Light of Day. 


Mr. Kotzschmar. 

College Glee Club. 

Mr. Stockbridge. 

Mr. Kotzschmar. 

Glee Club. 
Mr. Kotzschmar. 
Mr. Stockbridge. 

Glee Club. 
Mr. Kotzschmar. 

Hersey, '89, is preaching for the Maine Missionary 
Society at Moose River. 

Home, '91, is jiassing the spring at home. 

Noyes, '91, is teaching at Freeport. 

Reader : No, hugging is not in the Colby curric- 
ulum, but some of the students practice it in public 
just the same. Yes, they did it after each of the 
Maine State games, when they heard something drop. 

Commencement speakers were appointed June 
6th, as follows: Tolman, Salutatorlan, Bartlett, 
Cary, Dresser, Goding, Hall, Hill, Liuscott, Shorey, 
Williamson, Woodman. 

Cole returned from his long trip, during which 
he traveled about 25,000 miles, two weeks ago Mon- 
day. He is looking and feeling well. He states 
that Professor Lee is in San Francisco, and may go 
to Alaska this summer. 

The competition for the Brown extemporaneous 
prize occurred Thursday, May 31st. The following 
Seniors wrote : Bartlett, Black, Cary, Cole, Doolittle, 
Dresser, Goding, Hall, Hill, Shorey, M. P. Smith- 
wick, Tolman, Williamson, and Woodman. The 
subject was " Restricted Immigration." 

Mr. A. J. Booker and wife celebrated the 40th 
anniversary of their nuptials on Thursday, June 7th. 

M. P. Smithwick will attend the Medical School 
next winter. 

W. R. Tenney, ex-'89, who rowed on our famous 
'varsity of '86, passed Ivy week in Brunswick. He 
is with the Bowditch Civil Engineering Company 
of Boston, and has just finished a successful season 
at Bar Harbor. 

McCullough, '90, and Mahoney, '91, are to be 
hotel clerks at Old Orchard during the summer. 

The two lower classes marched all over the 
campus and the village, Saturday morning, after Ivy 
Day, headed by two bagpipers. Many of the Faculty 



were serenaded. A committee was appointed for 
the observance of a similar celebration each year. 

There were thirty-five signers in the Art Gallery 
register in three days of Ivy week. 

The following '87 men were in attendance at the 
Ivy-Day exercises : C. M. Austin, J. V. Lane, E. T. 
Little, A. W. Merrill, C. F. and H. M. Moulton, O. 
U. Sewall, and H. B. Skolfleld. 

Manager Crawford has secured the following tal- 
ent for Commencement concert: Salem Cadet Band, 
Temple Quartette, Mrs. Fellows, of New York, so- 
prano ; and Mr. Kotzschmar, pianist. 

A raw-boned steed and dilapidated farm wagon 
at the fair grounds created much merriment, espe- 
cially when the two Sophs in charge tipped it over 
and spilled a member of the Faculty. 

All of '89's Ivy printing has been called the finest 
ever seen in Brunswick. 

'60.— Professor C. C. Ev- 
erett of Harvard College, 
son of the late Ebenezer Everett of 
Brunswick, has accepted an invitation to de- 
liver the oration at the celebration of the 
150th anniversary of the settlement of 

'59. — Stephen J. Young of Brunswick, who, with 
his family, has spent nearly two years in Europe, 
his headquarters being in Dresden, Saxony, arrived 
home Monday evening with his son Ernest, who is to 
enter college. Mr. Young will remain at home two 
months and then return to Dresden. 

'70. — Luqien Howe is at present in Strasburg, 
Germany. Mr. Howe has made an extended foreign 
tour, visiting Cairo, Damascus, and Jerusalem, and 
many European cities. Mr. Howe is the celebrated 
occulist and aurist of Buffalo, N. Y. He studied in 
Germany and England, and in 1873 was elected a 
member of the Royal College of Surgeons of Eng- 
land. He is surgeon-in-charge of the Buffalo Eye 
and Ear Infirmary, lecturer on ophthalmology in the 
medical department of the University of Bufi"alo, and 
editor of the Buffalo Medical and Surgical Journal. 

'77. — On June Gth, at the residence of the parents 
of the bride, William Chute Greene married Miss 
Sarah Eliza Ripley, of Paris, Maine. 

NECROLOGY, 1887— '88. 
]8;35— Cullen Sawtelle, b. 24 Sept., 1805, N"orridgewook ; 

d. 11 N"ov., 1887, Englewood, N. J. 
1827— Abraham Chittenden Baldwin, b. 26 April, 1804, 

North Guilford, Conn.; d. 6 July, 1887, Yon- 

ker.s, N. Y. 
1S30— Bion Bradbury, b. 6 Dec, 1811, Biddeford; d. 1 

July, 1887, Portland. 
1831— John Patch, b. 23 Aug., 1807, Ipswich, Mass.; M. 9 

Sept., 1887, Ispwich, Mass. 
1832— Ariel Parish Chute, b. 16 May, 1809, Byfield, Mass.; 

d. 18 Dec, 1887, Sharon, Mass. 
1835— Joseph Blake, b. 21 Jan., 1814, Otisfield ; d. 26 

May, 1888, Audover, Mass. 
1839— Samuel BlHot Benjamin, b. 29 Dec, 1818, Win- 

throp ; d. 20 Jan., 1888, Patten. 
1842— Charles Emery Soule, b. July, 1823, Exeter, N. H. ; 

d. 12 Dec, 1887, New York City. 
1843— John March Mitchell, b. 2 Oct., 1820, Norway; d. 

18 April, 1888, Portland. 
1844— Samuel Martin "Weston, b. 21 July, 1819, Bristol; 

d. 9 July, 1887, Roxbury, Mass. 
1844— Horatio Quincy Wheeler, b. 8 March, 1819, Nor- 

ridgewock; d. 20 Jan., 1888, Cal. 

1845— Edward Mann Field, b. 27 July, 1822, Belfast; d. 

29 July, 1887, Bangor. 
1850— William Sewall Gardiner, b. 1 Oct., 1827 (?), 

Lowell, Mass.; d. 4 April, 1888, Newton, Mass. 
1854 — Henry Daulap, b. 16 Nov., 1834, Brunswick; d. 

27 April, 1888, Washington, D. C. 
1862— George Adams Mark,b. 23 Oct., 1837, Portland; d. 

1 Dec, 1887, "Washington, D. C. 
1872 — John Sumner Frost, b. 7 April, 1851, Springvale ; 

d. 2 Oct., 1887, Springvale. 
1878 -"Willis Walton French, b. 27 April, 1857, Ports- 
mouth ; d. 1 1 March, 1888, New York City. 
1878— Thomas Moses Pray, b. 21 March, 1857, Dover, N. 

H. ; d. 7 Sept., 1887, Dover, N. H. 
1880— Roswell Chase Gilbert, b. 1 Nov., 1856, Turner; 

d.2G Oct., 1887, Tarner. 
1881 — Horace Burleigh Hathaway, b. 18 June, 1858, Hal- 

lowell; d. 2 April, 1888, Hallowell. 
1883— Benson Sewall, b. 2 July, 1862, Weuham, Mass. ; 

d. 28 Dec, 1887, Bangor. 
1885— Charles Henry Tarr, b. 20 April, 1861, Brunswick; 

d. 28 Nov., 1887, Brunswick. 


1825— Horace Bacon, d.24 April, 1888, Biddeford, aged 84. 
1833— William Cochran, d. 31 Dec, 1887, Litchfield. 
1837— John Taylor Aohorn, d. 8 Jan., 1888, Roslindale, 

Mass., aged 81. 
1837— Seargent Smith Freeman, d. 8 Feb., 1888, Newfiekl, 

aged 82. 
1839— Alexander Parsons, d. 31 Aug., 1887, Portland. 
1840 — Lemuel Richards, d. 7 Nov., 1887, Kennebuuk, 

aged 78. 
1840— Timothy Wilson, d. 18 July 1887, Orleans, Mass.- 

aged 76. 



1847— John Bayley Walker, d. 20 April, 1888, aged 62. 

1848— John Ladd, d. 3 April, 1888, Livermore. 

1854— Luther Clinton Gilson, d. 6 Feb., 1888, Portland, 

aged 59. 
J856— Albert Gallatin French, b. 3 May, 1829, Fayette ; 

d. 23 Jan., 1888, Lewiston. 
1868— George Bond Crane, b. 4 July, 1845, Chesterville ; 

d. April, 1888, Milo. 


J837— Levi Jefferson Ham, b. 16 Nov., 1805; d. II June, 

1887, South Bend, lud. 
1855— Cazneau Palfrey, b. 11 Aug., 1805, Boston; d. 12 

March, 1888, Cambridge, Mass. 
1855— Eoswell Dwight Hitchcock, b. 15 Aug., 1817, East 

Machias ; d. 16 June, 1887, Somerset, Mass. 

Lazily, slowly drifting 

Down with tlie quiet stream. 
It seemed to me in my gladness 

That it all must be a dream. 

For Mabel — my darling Mabel, 

Was trying to steer the canoe, 
And as I lay there watchmg, 

I fell in love with the crew. 

I thought how pleasant it would be 
To — Thunder! Where are we now ? 

The canoe had gone down to the bottom. 
With a hole a foot long in the bow. 

— Yale Record. 

Cambridge easily vyou in the last boat race with 
Oxford. Of the fifty-five races, Oxford has won 
twenty-three ; Cambridge twenty-one. There has 
been one dead heat. — Ex. 

Yale University is in need of $2,000,000 to carry 
on its work ; Columbia College wants $4,000,000 to 
establish new departments and develop old ones. 
The work of Harvard University is restrained by lack 
of money ; and Princeton College, notwithstanding 
the liberality of its friends, could find ready use for 
a greatly increased income. — Ex. 

At gay Bar Harbor by the sea, 

Last season you were quite the belle , 

We flirted some, the foolish things 
We said, I'd hardly like to tell. 

Perchance you're married or engaged; 

I'm the same fellow now as then. 
And to your health, sweet summer girl, 

I'll drink until we meet again. 

— Yale Record. 

Literature in one hundred and fifty languages can 
be printed at Oxford, England. 


[Books reviewed in these columns may be seen at the 
College Library.] 
Sea-Side and WAY-Sros. — Kature Readers, No. 2. By 

Julia McNair Wright. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co., 

1888. 12mo.; pp. viii-l-175. 

This little volume, although intended for the in- 
struction of children, contains many facts that are 
unknown — it is safe to say — to ninety-nine per cent, 
of the adults in the country. It deals with observa- 
tions, which can readily be made by any one, upon 
the development and habits of the common living 
objects to be found al "Sea-side and Way-side." 
Apart from the value of the book as an incentive to 
observation, it seems to us that its principal worth 
resides in the corrections which it makes of the many 
mistakes of children in regard to the nature of the 
small animals with which they are constantly meet- 
ing. Erroneous impressions received during child- 
hood are apt to remain by a person through life, and 
a book like the present, which aims to instill true 
ideas, should be hailed with thanksgiving by all ed- 


D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, will publish at once 
Compayre's "Lectures on Pedagogy: Theoretical 
and Practical," a companion volume to their Com- 
payre's "History of Pedagogy." It is translated and 
annotated by Professor Payne of the University of 


"Composition and Rhetoric." 
Heath & Co. 

Williams. D. C. 

"Fifty Years of English Song." Randolph. 

Wanted. — A young man for a beach paper. 
Duties editorial and reportorial. Address 

Biddeford Times, 

Biddeford, Maine. 


Columbia College, 

IbTIE^sTT- "^OIE^^^ OIT"^- 

SCHOOXi OF MINES.— The system of instruction includes seven parallel conrses of study, each leading to a degree, 
viz. : mining engiueering, civil engineering, sanitary engineering, metallurgy, geology, and palieontology, analytical and applied 
chemistry, architecture. 

The plan of insti'uction includes lectures and recitations in the several departments of study; practice in the chemical, min. 
eralogical, blowpipe, metallurgical, and architectural laboratories; field and underground surveying; geodetic surveying; pi-actice 
and study in mines, mills, machine shops, and foundries; projects, estimates, and drawings for the working of mines and for the 
construction of metallurgical, chemical, and other works; reports on mines, industrial establishments, and field geology. 

During the snmmer vacation there are Summer Schools in Mechanical Engineering, for practical work in foundries and aia- 
chine shops; in Surveying, for practical work in the field ; in Practical Mining; in Practical Geodesy; in Chemistry— all under 
the immediate superintendence of professors. Special students are admitted to the Summer School in Chemistiy. 

SCHOOXi OF liA'W.— The coui'se of study occupies two years, and is so arranged that a complete view is given during 
each year of the subjects pursued. The plan of study comprises the various branches of common law, equity, commercial, inter- 
national, and constitutional law, and medical jurisprudence. The first year is devoted to the study of general commentaries upon 
municipal law, and contracts, and real estate. The second year includes equity jurisprudence, commercial law, the law of torts, 
criminal law, evidence, pleading, and practice. Lectures upon constitutional law and history, political science, and international 
law are delivered through both the senior and jurior years. Those on medical jurisprudence are delivered to the senior class. 

All graduates of literary colleges are admitted without examination; other candidates must be examined. Applicants who are 
not candidates for a degi'ee are admitted without a preliminary examination. 

SCHOOL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.— The prime aim of this school is the development of all branches of the 
political sciences. It offers eight courses in political and constitutional history, nine in political economy, five in constitutional 
and administrative law, four in diplomacy and international law, four in Roman law and comparative jurisprudence, two in 
political x^bilosophy, and one in bibliography — in all, forty-four hours per M''eek through the academic year. The full course of 
study covers three years. For admission as candidate for a degree, the applicant must have satisfactorily completed the regular 
course of study in this college, or in some other maintaining an equivalent curi-iculum, to the end of the junior year. Special 
students admitted to any course without examination upon payment of proportional fee. 

In addition to the above special schools for graduates and others, there is, in connection with the School of Arts, a Graduate 
Departmeiit in which instruction is given to graduates of this and other colleges in a wide range of subjects, embracing advanced 
courses in languages and literatures (ancient and modern), mathematics and the mathematical sciences, philosophy, law, history, 
the natural sciences, methods of research in chemistry and physics, practical work in the astronomical observatory, etc A stu- 
dent in this department may attend a single course, or any number of courses; he may also, at his option, enter as candidate for 
the degree of Master of Arts, Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, or Doctor of Philosophy. 

Circulars of Information, giving details as to courses of instruction, requirements for admission, fees, remission of fees, . 
wholly or in part, etc., etc., of any of the schools may be had by addressing the Registrar of the College, Madison Avenue and 
iOth Street, New York City. 


Shreve, Crump & Low, 

432 Washington Street, BOSTON, MASS. 

Agents for the Celebi^ated ""Patek Phillippe" Watch. 

* * ^ * ^ PRIZES MADE TO ORDER IN SILVER. * * * * * 

Also Agents for the Famous Gorham Plated Ware. 



Offer a Fine Stock, Work Eiecnted (laickly aid at Lowest Prices. C0KRE3P0NBENCE SOLICITED. 



Vol. XVIII. 


No. 5. 




F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 
O. P. "Watts, '89, Business Editor. 

"W. M. Emery, '89. 
G. T. Piles, '89. 
P. J. C. Little, '89. 
D. E. Owen, '89. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

B. E. Stearns, '89. 
G. B. Chandler, '90. 
J. M. W. Moody, '90. 
T. C. Spillane, '90. 

. $2.00. 
15 cents. 

Extra copies cau l>e obtained at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and ilumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
ke wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Poat-Office at Brunsv^ick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XVIII., No. 5.-June 27, 1888. 

Editorial Notes 63 

Reminiscences— Part II., fi4 

Tlie Bowdoin Oak, (J5 

Abstract of Baccalaureate Sermon, 06 

Class Day 67 

Class-Day Oration 68 

Class-Day Poem, 70 

The Medical Graduation, 73 

The Chapel Organ, 74 

The Board of Overseers, 74 

Phi Beta Kappa, 75 

The Old Organ 75 

Abstract of Librarian's Report, 76 

Commencement Day, 76 

Base-Ball, 79 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 80 

Personal, 84 

College World, 84 

Book Reviews, 85 

this number will be found a more 
extended and detailed account of Class-Day 
and Commencement exercises than any pre- 
vious issue of the Orient has published. 
Those who were fortunate enough to hear 
the various articles will delight in reading 
them at their leisure, and those who were 
not here will realize what they lost. 

Owing to the large amount of other mat- 
ter we have omitted several articles of more 
general interest, but perhaps they will not 
be missed in consideration of the other good 
things which we lay before our readers this 

A few extra numbers can be obtained of 
the Business Manager upon application. 

We regret that the Senior class this year 
saw fit to hold the Class-Day Dance in the 
Town Hall. The dance on the green is per- 
haps the most enjoyable event of the week 
to the devotees of Terjjsichore, and a source 
of no small amount of pleasure to specta- 
tors. Visitors here during Commencement 
speak only words of praise in its favor. 
There is no more beautiful scene during 
Commencement week than the dance on the 
green, with its decorations and illuminations. 
Then the society spreads in the different 
ends are a pleasant feature of the evening, 



and in the matter of cost cannot much ex- 
ceed a banquet at the haU. 

Of course the weather may interfere, but 
then is time enough to go into the hall. The 
additional expense of having the dance on 
the green is small when divided among a 
class, and for the sake of this beautiful cus- 
tom, for its additional beauty, pleasure, and 
effect we hope to see the dance on the green 
re-established by succeeding classes. 

There is a tendency among our Faculty 
which seems to call for some attention. We 
refer to the manner in which reviews are 
conducted by some of our- Professors. A 
term's reviews are crowded into a space of 
three or four recitations, making it impossi- 
ble for the student to give them the work 
they demand, and which he is generally will- 
ing to bestow on them. 

This has been especially noticeable in 
one class during the past year. Frequently 
a term's work is reviewed in two or three 
recitations. This might do if one only had 
one study to review, but when a limited 
amount of time has to be divided up among 
four it often becomes only a question of 
which one he can shirk best. 

Such methods of reviewing lead to hasty 
work on the part of the student, work which 
must be devoid of thoroughness, and which 
if carried on for any length of time leads to 
deplorable results. 

In view of the fact that the college aims 
to give the best instruction, and to obtain 
from it the best results, the system of review- 
ing now practiced by some of our Professors 
ought to be stopped. 

It is with pleasure that we welcome our 
new Professor of French Language and Lit- 
erature, Mr. B. L. Bowen. 

Mr. Bowen is a graduate of the Univer- 
sity of Rochester, and comes very highly 
recommended by the President of that in- 

stitution. He graduated in the class of '81, 
having sustained a very high rank through- 
out his course. Mr. Bowen has studied and 
taught French continuously since graduation, 
and has done a large amount of extra read- 
ing, both during his course and since grad- 
uation. He comes to us in the strength and 
vigor of young manhood, and we have no 
doubt but that he will prove an able mem- 
ber of a remarkably able Faculty. 

We are glad, too, that Professor Johnson 
will have his arduous duties lightened, and 
that he will have a co-worker, enthusiastic 
and willing, in his department. 


There is a slight incident of this affair 
most vividly impressed on his mind, even 
after the lapse of more than half a century. 
The position assigned to him was the foot of 
the ladder to hold it firm, and to "watch out 
for all cowards and eavesdroppers." The 
brave B. was up the ladder and in the tower, 
and the third conspirator was at the top of 
the ladder as his assistant and to pass any 
alarm from below. The most undesirable 
office of the three was, perhaps, that of the 
outside guard, who had nothing to do but to 
stand still and shiver, and watch and wait, in 
the chill, damp air of the approaching dawn. 
Suddenly a light flashed out from the study 
window of President Allen. He was an early 
riser, and was then deep in the mysteries of his 
famous " Biographical Dictionary." Here 
and there, too, in the long line of windows of 
Maine Hall and New College the lamp of 
some hard student began to glimmer, and 
the watcher became nervous. Inevitable 
exijulsion awaited detection ; and again and 
again a hoarse growl of warning went up the 
ladder. But all in vain. Bold B. in the 
tower was redoubling blow on blow to make 
sure work. His worthy assistant was slow of 
speech and still slower of apprehension — in 
after years, though he did not graduate with 



the class, he became a slow but useful 
preacher, and perhaps yet lives — and from 
time to time came down his drawling re- 
sponse, " Don't hurry, F , don't hurry ! " 

And during all the residue of the college 
course, these two words, " Don't hurry," were 
a secret shibboleth of these three conspira- 

Many of the pranks of ne'er-do-wells of 
fifty years ago at Bowdoin were innocent 
enough, and some even evinced considerable 
ingenuity and humor. One morning, for ex- 
ample, when the students emerged from 
their quarters for chapel, they found every 
corner and door of every edifice placarded 
with a flaming hand-bill, announcing a con- 
cert that night, in which all the Faculty 
were to participate as performers. Professor 
Longfellow, who was always the best dressed 
man in Brunswick, and perhaps the hand- 
somest, was to " favor the audience with that 
beautiful solo : ' I'd be a butterfly, born in a 
bower.' " The bland and beloved Professor 
of Rhetoric was to sing, " Behold in His soft 
expressive face ! " — whilst another worthy 
Professor was to contribute the lament, "Oh, 
I shall die childless ! " Each of the other 
members of the Faculty were also to sing 
in chorus or otherwise, not even excepting 
"old girl, " as the amiable and learned Pres- 
ident, Gulielimus, Allen was, by the repro- 
bates of those days, profanely designated. 


[ Planted in 1802 by George Thornclike, a member of the first 
Class of Boivdoln. He died at the age oi: twenty-one ; the only 
one of that claBS remembered by the Bowdoin students of to-day.] 

Ye breezy boughs of Bowdoin's Oak, 
Sing low your summer rune! 

In murmuring, rhythmic tones respond 
To every breath of June. 

And memories of the jovous youth, 
Through all your songs repeat, 

Who pluclied the acorn from the twig, 
Blown lightly at his feet. 

And gayly to his fellows cried : 

"My destiny behold! 
This seed shall keep my memory green 
In ages yet untold. 

' I trust it to the sheltering sod ; 

I hail the promised tree! 
Sing, unborn oak, through long decades. 

And ever sing of nie." 

By cloud and sunbeam nourished well. 

The tender sapling grew, 
Less stalwart than the rose which drank 

From the same cup of dew ; 

But royal blood was in its veins, 

Of true Hellenic line. 
And sunward reached its longing arms 

With impulses divine. 

The rushing river as it passed. 
Caught whispers from the tree. 

And each returning tide brought back 
The answer from the sea. 

Till to the listening groves a voice 
New and harmonious, spoke. 

And from a throne of foliage looked, 
The spirit of the Oak ! 

Then birds of happiest omen built. 

High in its denser shade. 
And grand responses to the storms 

The sounding branches made. 

Beneath its bower the Bard beloved 

His budding chaplet wove. 
The wizard king of romance dreamed 

His wild, enchanting love ; 

And scholars, musing in its shade. 
Have heard their country's cry ; 

Their lips gave back, " O sweet it is 
For native land to die ! " 

With heart's that burned, they cast aside 
These peaceful oaken bays ; 

The hero's blood-red path they trod. 
Be theirs the hero's praise. 

O though Dodona's voice be hushed, 

A new, intenser flame 
Stirs the proud oak to whisper still 

Some dear, illustrious name. 

And what of him whose happy mood 
Foretold this sylvan birth ? 



In boyhoods' prime he sank to rest; 
His worli was clone on earth. 

Brief was his race, and light his task 

For immortality. 
His only tribute to the years, 

The planting of a tree. 

Sing low, green oak, thy summer rune, 

Sing valor, love, and truth ; 
Thyself a fair, embodied thought, 

A living dream of youth. 


And Agrippa said unto Paul, with but little persuasion tliou 
woulc-lst fain make me a Cliristian. And Paul said, I would to 
God, that whether with little or with much, not thou only, but 
also all that hear me this day, might become such as I am, except 
these bonds.— Acts xxvi : 28, 29. 

The old version of this passage is entirely astray. 
Instead of being "almost persuaded" by Paul's ar- 
gument, Agrippa utterly despised it. Whereupon 
Paul turned from external arguments to the imme- 
diate and obvious fact that at any rate he is the sort 
of man that Agrippa and all the rest oi them ought to 

We have considered together the evidences of 
Christianity which philosophy and history afford. 
Whether you thought them " little or much," I do 
not know. The time for such external evidences has 
passed, and to-day I shall try to tell you plainly what 
there is in the Christian character wliich makes it in- 
herently desirable for every one of you. 

First. — The Christian is independent. The world- 
ly man has his price ; if not in money, yet in fame, 
power, pleasure, ofiice, or some one or other of the 
many things the world holds dear. 

The true follower of Christ cannot be bought by 
any or all of these things. He values wealth, posi- 
tion, reputation, for their uses only, and regarding 
them as means not ends, lie can be as contented with- 
out them as with them, when they cease to be instru- 
mental to his Christian aim, or when they conflict 
with it. Because I wisli you to be free men rather 
than slaves, I would lo God you all might be true 

The second attractive element in Cliristian life is 
the boundless career of activity in work which it 
affords. To the Christian all men are the children 
of his Father, the brethren of his Lord ; and conse- 
quently liis own Iji'others. To ligliten tlieir burdens, 
to relieve their wants, to sh.are tlieir sorrows, to 
guide them in tlieir perplexities, to shield them from 
injustice, to reclaim them from vice, to rescue them 

from folly, to lead them in ways of pleasantness and 
paths of peace ; — this is a work that gives ample 
scope for the full exercise of all one's powers in the 
only work that, for its own sake, is worth the doing. 

A third charm of Christian life is its restfulness. 
Rest apart from work, mere indolence, is of all 
things base, degrading, un-Christian. Rest is work. 
"Toil unsevered from tranquility, labor accom- 
plished in repose, too greal for haste, too high for 
rivalry " is the crying need of life, if it is to be worth 
living. Never was this precious quality of repose 
more rare than in the life of the United States in this 
restless nineteenth century. The Christian life, with 
its reposeful faith in one mightier than we who is 
working with us ; with its faithful doing of each day's 
work unto the Lord as a thing sufficient in itself; 
asking and expecting nothing better than the power 
and privilege to do the like to-day, to-morrow, and the 
day after, until God shall say, — "enough; well 
done"— the simple Christian life of childlike obedi- 
ence and trust in God, is the only life that has this 
blessed restfulness. 

Fourthly. — The Christian life is sure of victory. 
The Christian will make mistakes and suffer for 
them. He will commit sins and pay the penalty in 
sorrow and in shame. But if he be a true Christian, 
his heart, his purpose, the deliberate, permanent trend 
of his life will be one with God, and in line with the 
great work of Christ. God never gets beaten. Christ 
is never overcome. And the Christian whose life is 
united to the life of God and the work of Christ is 
invincible; and "what he most doth care for must 
be won." 

These four qualities, independence, activity in 
work worth doing, restfulness and victory, are the 
most essential features of the life that is intrinsically 
desirable. Types of life other than the Christian 
gives something like ene or more of these separate 
qualities. Stoicism gives independence ; but it spoils 
it by its pride. The Epicurean gets a seeming rest- 
fulness, but it ends in ennui and disgust. Materialism 
and worldliness will keep a man forever on the rack 
of exertion ; but nervous prostration, premature old 
age, loveless hearts and joyless lives are the best it 
has to give you in return. 

The Christian life is the only one which can give 
you these four qualities, each in its genuineness, and 
all in combination ; independence without pride ; ac- 
tivity, that is not mere rushing to and fro ; rest that 
has no taint ofidolence or self-indulgence about it; 
and victory that is not marred by hardness and 
cruelty. It is the only life that can lift you up above 
the world's humblest work : the only life that will en- 
able you to lie down after each day's strife and tur- 
moil to rest as sweet and peaceful as a child's ; in the 



assurance that the triumph of all that you are working 
and living for is as certain as the rising of the mor- 
row's sun. 

Members of the graduating class: Your Alma 
Mater is a Christian college ; not merely in name and 
ecclesiastical affiliation, but in the spirit in which she 
lives and works. 

She is independent, seeking money, honor, men, 
only for the good that she can do. The college is a 
working college ; doing, spending, caring nothing for 
show, but devoting all her powers and resources to 
the training in sound learning of those committed to 
her charge. 

The college is contented in her work; entering 
into no servile imitation of larger institutions, and 
no ungenerous rivalry with her equals. 

The permanent success and prosperity of the col- 
lege is assured, because it rests not on special eflferts 
to work up the appearance of prosperity, on artificial 
devices to attract numbers and attention, but on the 
broad and solid foundation of a determination to do 
the work God gives her as well as it can be done. 

I can wish you nothing better than that in these 
respects your lives may bear her impress. Be inde- 
pendent, scorning to be determined in your cour-^e 
by anything lower than the will of iieaven. Find 
work worth doing and put your whole souls into it. 
" Whatsoever you do, carry into it that restfulness 
which comes from knowing that your work is sup- 
ported and yourselves upheld by the everlasting 
arms. And be so constant in your loyalty to God 
that you may have the confidence of his promise to 
all obedient souls, " whatsoever you do shall pros- 

So shall you be true sons of a Christian college, 
and enter into the liberty and power of the sons of 
God, into the peace and the triumph of the Kingdom 
of his Christ. 


'Eighty-eight's Class Day began, as far as 
the exercises were concerned, under the most 
favorable auspices. A large and cultured 
audience filled Memorial prepared to listen 
to an oration and poem of which the authors 
may be justly proud. 

Nothing but words of commendation has 
been heard of Mr. Smithwick's oration ; and 
the applause, generous and hearty, which 
greeted the poet at the close of his effort, 

spoke plainer than words of the genuine 
appreciation of the audience. 

As usual, rain prevented the exercises 
under the Thorndike Oak. Elaborate prep- 
arations had been made, but the elements 
were unfriendly, and so at 3 o'clock, headed 
by Marshal Doolittle, the Senior class 
marched into the hall, determined that the 
audience should miss nothing except the 
sunshine they hoped to have under the old 
oak. The following programme was carried 
out : 
Opening Address. T. H. Ayer. 


History. F. K. Linscott. 


Prophecy. H. C. Hill. 


Farting Address. E. S. Bartlett. 






The opening address, a very scholarly 
one, was delivered by T. H. Ayer. The class 
history, by F. K. Linscott, was highly racy and 
interesting. H. C. Hill's prophecy was one 
of the great treats of Commencement week. 
The parting address was ably written and 
delivered by E. S. Bartlett. From the class 
history we give the following abstract : 

Our class numbered thirty-one at its entrance. 
One of our number, whom we had learned to respect 
for his ability, to honor for his Christian piety, and 
to love for his gentle disposition, began slowly to 
slip from the bonds which class associations had for 
three years knit about him. On the 8th of February, 
1888, Edgar Stanley Barrett died. The tallest man, 
youngest, and second heaviest, is Williamson, six feet 
in height, 187 pounds in weight. He is but 19 years 
4 months and 12 days old, a prodigy of the Belfast 
atmosphere. The only man who surpasses him in 
weight is Card, who tips the scales at 303, unless he 
tips tliem over. 

The oldest man, and at the same time one of the 
two shortest, is Carruthers, in age 29 yeai-s 1 month 
25 days, and in height 5 feet 3 inches. Ingalls is a 
rival for the honor of being the shortest. He is also 
the lightest, weighing but 113 pounds. Tolman is 



the average height, 5 feet 7i inches ; and F. L. 
Smithwick is the average in weight, 134i pounds. 
Out of the 28, 10 indulge in smoking the weed, while 
4 put it to the other use sometimes made of it. But 
the same four frankly said that they were engaged in 
the matrimonial sense. There are 15 republicans, 7 
democrats, and 2 independents. Five go into busi- 
ness, five into law, three into medicine, five teaching, 
one the ministry, while two are still undecided in what 
line they intend to inflict themselves on society. 

At the conclusion of these highly enter- 
taining literary exercises, the class of '88 
smoked the pipe of peace, gave Bowdoin 
halls rousing cheers, and a farewell. 

Following is the class ode, written by 
A. W. Tolman : 

Air — Annie Laurie. 
The western sun is sinking, 

The shadows lengthen slow, 
And thronging memories gather 

Around us as we go. 
Around us as we go. 

They weave their subtle chain. 

And with sadness soft and tender 

Fill the hours that yet remain. 

One glance at spire and campus 

So dear to every heart. 
One cheer for each old building, 

One farewell ere we part. 
One farewell ere we part. 

On busy cares intent, 
But from out our minds shall never 

Fade the years we here have spent. 

The Seniors had decided to give up the 
dance on the green, and instead have a hop in 
the Town Hall. The Salem Cadet Band gave 
one of its most enjoyable concerts, and at nine 
o'clock the dancing began with the custom- 
ary "march and circle." About forty couples 
were on the march. The dance was an elab- 
orate affair, the costumes of the ladies ele- 
gant, and the banquet recalled those for 
which Olympus was famous a few years 

Much of the success of 'eighty-eight's 
class day is due to the untiring energy and 
perseverance of Mr. G. H. Larrabee, chair- 
man of the executive committee. 


By M. p. Smithwick. 

The advance of civilization has been at- 
tended by a corresponding decline of hero- 
worship. Gradually the light of reason has 
penetrated the mystic realm of Fate and 
revealed the secret of power. Yet in no age 
has eminence been more truly appreciated, 
for we are fast learning that man's greatness 
is but the reflection of attributes which are 

This emancipation of thought is not con- 
fined to one phase of the world's advance- 
ment, but revealed in a spirit of universal 
liberality. The shadows of superstition 
which have enveloped the realms of science 
and religion are passing away. Our pro- 
foundest thinkers are characterized by a 
marked spirit of tolerance, while an unques- 
tioning assent to accepted dogmas is no 
longer a proof of wisdom. 

This growth of liberality ; this triumph 
of individuality over centralization surges 
on, a grand tide of progress, beneath whose 
irresistible power the trembling foundations 
of monarchies are giving way. The hearts 
of men have responded to its magnetic in- 
fluence and popular governments have sprung 
into life over the ruins of despotism. 

Responsive to this march of mind stand 
our great political parties. Beneath their 
standards are marshaled the flower of Ameri- 
can intelligence and patriotism ; divided in 
policy, but united in aim. Their very oppo- 
sition is a guarantee of security. 

But why are men of thought and convic- 
tion arrayed in opposition? The answer to 
that question is neither chance nor perverse- 
ness, but involves an important truth. Men 
cannot think alike. The mental structure 
of each decides upon which of these great 
roads he should travel. 

Found this troublesome party theory 
upon whatever basis we like, and still through 


it all runs a thread of fidelity. It is not 
mugwumpery or any galvanized self-suffi- 
ciency. It is not cynicism or Pharisaism, 
offspring of pride, but an honest devotion to 
principle, which, like a clear stream that cor- 
ruptions cannot choke, gushes up from the 
bed-rock of truth. 

If, then, the nation's intelligence and 
honesty is not crystallized in any one partj^ 
what should be a young man's attitude. 

He beholds one party, which has fenced 
in the grandest portion of the earth with a 
tariff which is a commercial greased pole to 
the world. 

Another party, in its great heartedness, 
is ever stretching a helping hand to the 
world's laborers, but it can't quite reach, and 
refuses to be comforted because they are not. 

He cannot be a mugwump, because they 
are no more. Like the roses, they bloOmed 
and faded away. They were born for a pur- 
pose. We will not judge. It was accom- 
plished and they are gone. 

The republican points to the prosperity 
which stretches from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific ; from the lakes to the Rio Grande, 
and cries : " Behold my talents increased 
tenfold." " Thou shothful servant," cries 
the democrat, "I could have increased them 
twenty fold." 

The young man will do one of two 
things. Either he will join the coat-tail 
drill, hereditary politics, and receive impetus 
and direction by clinging to his father, as 
he to the shadowy mantles of his ancestors, 
or, realizing that this is merely the smoke, 
and that beneath this war of epithets the 
real forces are at work. He will scorn to 
become a bow to any political kite-tail. He 
will realize that he has enlisted, not in a 
strife of personalities, but in a war of princi- 
ples. He must stand alone. He must de- 
cide which is most truly a party of progress 
and reform and be true to his convictions or 
his life is one great lie. 

Should not an intelligent man blush at 
submission to a party of which he knows 
nothing? To be legislated for as the de- 
mented and the pauper. The honor of every 
American citizen should rebel against a slav- 
ery that is all the more shameful and demor- 
alizing for existing in a free land. Posterity 
demands the exercise of his wisdom. It de- 
mands that his ballot should be the verdict 
of a conscientious judgment. 

Has any man a warrant for prescribing a 
law of universal action ? Is any man endowed 
with wisdom that places him so far above 
his fellows ? Unity of opinion would ruin 
a popular government, but without such unity 
individual responsibility can never cease. 

Granting that success demands leader- 
ship, why is a certain one our choice and not 
another? Truly because he i-epresents our 
views. Thank Heaven, then, we have views. 

Having looked forward with eager ex- 
pectancy to the time when we should enjoy 
the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, 
and take part in molding the destiny of our 
nation, shall our freedom find us less manly 
and scarce more useful than before ? Shall 
we, like worms, nurtured in an atmosphere 
of independence and intelligence, break our 
bonds to find ourselves only butterflies? 
Shall we throw all responsibility upon our 
political self, so constituted before we 
thought by proxy ? Shall we blindly follow 
our leader, like pack-mules, when a false step 
may hurl us to a gulf of shame ? That is 
excusable in an imbecile, but when an intel- 
ligent man begins to think by proxy it is 
high time for him to live by proxy. 

The representatives of civilization are 
yielding to the power of independence or 
falling behind in the onward march of na- 
tions. Their stars are setting. They can 
read their doom in the ruin of their prede- 
cessors. Let ignorance and blind partisan- 
ship belong to the dead past. 

All men recognize in unity the secret of 



strength. It is the foundation of true party- 
spirit, for what should a party be than men 
united in conviction and purpose? When 
partisanship clashes with independence in 
thought and action it is not only unworthy 
the participation of an honest man but an 
insult to his moral nature and a curse to 
humanity at large. 

The road to distinction is open alike to 
cottage and mansion. The mystic words 
which open the door of pubhc trust are abil- 
ity and integrity. Can men then desert 
their posts ? Shall they plead in excuse that 
they cannot understand politics? When 
mind, relying upon an universal reason, can 
ferret out the secrets of creation, must it 
stop at politics ? Such an admission is too 

Instructed by the world's history and 
blest with the labors of men who have left 
and who are leaving examples of fidelity 
that will not die, shall we be free from re- 
sponsibility ? No man, who casts aside the 
cloak of obscurity and stands before a free 
people, can avoid criticism. Nearly four 
years have passed since our last political 
contest. The acts of these years have passed 
in judgment before the tribunal of popular 
opinion. They add another page to our na- 
tional history and sentence will be passed 
upon them through the popular ballot. 

Shall a man adhere to his party's policy 
if his conscience disapprove? He must, if 
he follows his party leaders, but to do so is to 
commit moral suicide or become a mere au- 
tomaton. The only alternative is independ- 
ence — not of the ascetic, but that which 
follows the path of duty. 

It is said that we need not more, but 
better men. How better, I would ask, — 
more loyal ? Can that be true when we re- 
call the record of our soldiers who fought, 
not for fame or plunder, but for liberty ; when 
we recall the record of that gallant soldier 
who must soon join our honored dead ; when 

this hall commemorates the gift which old 
Bowdoin offered up on the altar of national 
honor? That was years ago, but should the 
war-cloud settle again over our fair land, 
would not Bowdoin boys hear our country's 
call and respond as before? 

It was loyalty to duty then ; it is ever 
loyalty to duty that characterizes wise men. 
What we need is men, who not only can die 
for their convictions on the battle field and 
on the scaffold, but men who can live up to 
their convictions ; who can face the deadliest 
of foes — criticism and slander. We need 
men to whom duty is dearer than popularity ; 
men, who, if need be, will suffer torment 
now and wait for justification hereafter. 

As one would brush from his trusty 
shield the dust that dims its lustre, so have 
we striven to dispel the errors that cloud the 
brightness of independence — our nation's 
shield. In the light of an exalted principle 
whose fire burns in every manly breast, we 
have sought man's true attitude. 

The record of the world's heroes gives it 
sanction. They followed the dictates of 
conscience though they led to the dungeon 
and the scaffold. They looked to future 
generations for vindication. They are vindi- 
cated. In the hearts and lives of enlight- 
ened people is reared to thein a monument 
that defies the ravages of time. 

All history proclaims the power of inde- 
pendence. Civilization reveals its grandeur. 
Independence in thought and action man 
owes to himself, to the world, and to his 

Br WiLLARD W. Woodman. 
Upon an arid, desert land, 
With dismal wastes on every hand. 
Where changing scenes are never new, 
Where groves and fields ne'er charm the view, 
A wondrous well appears. 




What first delights, but soon dejects, 

This oft-frequented well so lone, 

A tablet, with but few defects 

For magic powers only known ; 

Of age of any kind. 

This isolated plot of ground, 


Where travelers their fates have found. 

The precious stone he tries to seize ; 

■A pilgrim slowly nears. 

With each attempt the object flees. 


Yet leaves reflection of its own, 

A wanderer once this fountain sought. 

A phantom from the depths unknown. 

And won, as his propitious lot. 

Which consciousness belies. 

The gift of memory, then possessed 

Alone by minds divinely blest. 


By those of spirit spheres. 

But in that pla()id, artless pool, 


This pilgrim does not seek such power, 
And barely hopes for equal dower ; 

Beneath its liquid depths so cool. 

While gentle ripples yet remain 

That give the slab a wavy vein, 
A seeming tablet lies. 

He humbly asks, from place to place. 

The secret charms that will efface 


His sins and all his fears. 

A vision real, or occult myth. 


The marble shows to him forthwith 

That there exists a magic stone, 

A written face which takes his hope, 

Which by mere touch will thus dethrone 

And leaves him, baffled misanthrope. 

All guilt and sin from out the heart. 

Because his search is vain. 

And clothe with virtue every part, 


Is his implicit trust. 

This inscribed slab addresses him. 


And like some necromancer grim. 

His mind by holy thoughts inspired. 

Now bids him cease his vian pursuit 

And by enchanting stories fired, 

For amulets of dark repute, 

Now brings him to this sterile place. 

And wisdom try to gain. 

Where comes no loathsome, foul disgrace. 


With fates, ill-starred, but just. 

" A fairy hand has sought the prize 


Which fell with Adam from the skies ; 

With reverent step, he nears the spring. 

Has borne it to celestial nook, 

And like a serf that fears his king. 

Where safe from stranger's prying look. 

Stands with grewsome awe and dread. 

It rests in hallowed ease. 

Before that blameless fountain head. 


With waters still and calm. 

"According to divine decree. 


This sacred stone, no man shall see ; 

Against the omens of tradition. 

Nor shall it mortal minds elate. 

So long sustained by superstition, 

Or throes of man's own guilty state. 

His stoic spirit strong contends, 

At any time, appease. 

As o'er those boding depths he bends, 

And feels their mystic charm. 



" Like to a halo round the face. 

Two large and hearty draughts he drinks 

There came with our primeval race 

From out that sacred pool, and thinks 

A light prophetic and divine. 

The fatal magic power has flown. 
Which there by airy sprites was sown 

For man an emblematic sign 
Of pristine holiness. 

To daze the drinker's mind. 



" This light, when sin had found the heart, 

He takes one careful searching glance. 

And made it incomplete in part. 

And sees within that fount perchance 

Began, its radiance, to lose, 



But still had left the power to choose 


The springs of righteousness. 

" Despotic laws where'e'er disclosed 


Are found to be by man imposed ; 

Those checks upon the course of sin. 

" 'Twas then that minds of men began 

Which rouse the innate springs within, 

To conjure up some mystic plan 

Exist to be obeyed. 

For their deliverance from sin, 

Without the aid of self within. 


Or nature's least alloy. 

" Have moral laws and wants of man 

Between their posts a widening span ? 


Does every cause and its result 

" But, pilgrim, cease your futile toil ; 

Act like some aimless force occult, 

Expect no earthly means to foil 

As if no laws were made ? 

The plans divine, which from above 


Sent forth those sacred laws of love, 

" Although the good is hard to see, 

Which no man can destroy. 

Yet is not each divine decree. 


A blessing which the soul desires. 

" The breast that shields the burning coal, 

The prescript which the self requires 

The sin that penetrates the soul. 

For its development? 

Must yield to fast and stable laws, 


The statutes of that final cause 

" Because forbidden by commands. 

Which makes no false decrees. 

An act does not contract the bands. 


Which fasten certain penal ends 

" The body needs for healthy growth 

To every act where e'er it tends, 

A proper treatment, diet, both ; 

Commands withheld or sent. 

Likewise the soul demands great care. 


And should receive its rightful share. 

" All moral laws are found, not made ; 

To guard it from disease. 

They bring dire harm when disobeyed. 


But still have operative force 

" If blind neglect brings us to woe. 

E'en when their action, end, and source. 

If likewise follies drag us low, 

Are things to men unknown. 

We find that 'midst this worldly throng. 


Subjective right, objective wrong. 

" The savage, groping toward the light. 

Have ends quite close allied. 

With many acts subjective right. 


Still undergoes the pangs of sin. 

" The laws that act upon mankind. 

Though blind to laws and grounds wherein 

Both those of body and of mind. 

He should his deeds bemoan. 

All emanate from one great source, 


All flow in one straight narrow course, 

" The spirit law has truly saith 

And from no mortal hide. 

The soul's neglect is moral death ; 


The reason of God's interdicts 

" If men transgress in anything, 

Lies in tiio fact that sin afflicts 

They feel compunction's bitter sting, 

The soul by evils rent. 

Which brings no precious amulet. 


But fills the soul with vain regret. 

" The natural end of every deed 

And moral senses daunts. 

Afflicts or charms with man's great need ; 


The lash that whips his tortured soul. 

" Disaster is the issue just 

Is stayed or plied at his control. 

Of violating nature's trust; 

Is his dumb instrument. 

Our conduct, moral law controls. 


And acts as transcript of the soul's 

" Does law and truth not correlate 

Inherent needs and wants. 

Life's fruits with life's own aggi-egate 



Of motives, acts, which first began 
To form the character of man. 
And shape his destiny ? 


" To-day's neglect prostrates, and sears 
To-morrow's hopes, and adds new fears ; 
For life and destiny are one, 
Not ever swayed, or once outrun 
By strange phylactery. 


" Wait, pilgrim, not a single day, 
For all your sins to roll away 
By just one touch of magic power. 
Which renders perfect, from that hour, 
A heart depraved and sear. 

" Expect no cabalistic power 
To call to life the withered flower ; 
And think no arbitrary force 
Can take the place of nature's course, 
In God's true atmosphere. 


" Persistent toil in doing well 
Must be the eftbrts that will tell, 
In blotting out unseemly scars, 
And keeping back all that mars 
A soul's perfected state. 


" If to the wind the seed be sown. 
One reaps the whirlwind as his own ; 
He must his weary steps retrace. 
And all those germs of sin efi"ace. 
Which weaken and prostrate." 


The desert, well, and tablet flown, 
Yet leaves the pilgrim not alone; 
There lingers still within his view. 
One thought to men not wholly new, 
Nor even plainly rife : 


No somber talismanic charm 

Can blot or rub out evil's harm ; 

The web of life, though soiled with sin, 

Has some bright thread where to begin 

A better, nobler life. 


A large audience assembled in Memorial 
Hall, Wednesday morning, to witness the 
graduation of the class of '88 of the Maine 
Medical School. Promptly at nine o'clock 

the Senior class, followed by the Medical 
Faculty, took their seats on the platform. 
The following programme was then carried 
out, to the great pleasure of the audience. 


Address. Hon. Wm. H. Clifford. 


Oration — Parting Address. Hartstein W. Page. 


Presentation of Diplomas. President Hyde. 


Following are the names of those on 
whom the degree of M.D. was conferred: 
D. J. Bell, Bristol, N. B.; E. E. Brown, Clin- 
ton; F. L. Davis, Portland: C. A. Den- 
nett, Portland; F. H. Files, A.M., West 
Gorham; G. H. Guptill, Berwick; C. W. 
Harlow, A.B., Auburn ; J. K. Hooper, 
Franklin ; H. A. King, West Hampden ; 
C. E. Lancaster, Richmond ; P. S. Lind- 
say, A.B., Norridgewock ; W. G. Martin, 
Lovell; A. R. Meader, Waterville ; W. H. 
Merrill, Etna ; G. P. Morgan, New Glouces- 
ter; H. W. Page, A.M., Rockport; J. G. 
Quimby, Sandwich, N. H. ; J. A. Randall, 
Limington ; F. E. Sweetsir, Saco ; G. W. 
Weeks, Cornish ; W. W. Wilcomb, Chester, 
N. II. The class officers were : President, 
William W. Wilcomb; Vice-President, 
George W. Weeks ; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Wilbur G. Martin; Marshal, Henry A. King; 
Orator, Hartstein W. Page ; Committee, 
Corydon W. Harlow, J. Grant Quimby, 
Charles A. Dennett. 

The oration by Mr. Page was an espe- 
cially able and well delivered address. It 
evinced careful work and a thorough knowl- 
edge of the subject. We are glad to lay be- 
fore our readers the following abstract, lack 
of space alone forbidding the publication of 
the whole. Mr. Page took for his subject: 
" The Physician and the Public Schools," 
and spoke as follows : 

The public school is the Alma Mater of us all. 
The school-boy period furnishes, in respect to time, 



the physician's first relation to the public school, a 
relation which he sustains in common with repre- 
sentatives of every other calling. Not a few acquire 
another relation in the capacity of teacher. After 
becoming a recognized member of the profession he 
shares, with all citizens, the relations of indebtedness 
and responsibility to that great national institution, 
and as one of the more intelligent members of society, 
he ought to be one of the foremost to recognize its 
importance. Too many looli upon the public schools 
as a magnanimous charity, while the best thinkers 
estimate them a national necessity, indispensable to 
the well-being and safety of society. 

Positions as school directors and superintendents 
afford opportunity for men of intelligence and general 
fitness to render valuable service to their community. 
With the same intelligence and general fitness in 
other respects the physician may become more useful 
than others, especially in matters of hygiene and san- 
itation. With all their excellences, our schools have 
some grave defects, and none more flagrant than 
defects in hygiene. 

The speaker dwelt particularly upon the matters 
of ventilation and light. 

The contagious diseases of children occur so often 
epidemically among school children that some authors 
have given them the name of school diseases. In 
respect to these the physician has an obvious respon- 
sibility ; not simply in treating individual cases, but 
in acting promptly in securing isolation and disinfec- 
tion, and in impressing upon the community the 
necessity of such precaution. Many ills are doubtless 
contracted or aggravated in school chiefly from these 
defective conditions, but school is made the scapegoat 
for many others for which habits and conditions of 
home life, hours not spent in school, are respon- 

We have assumed throughout that the physician's 
mission includes the prevention as truly as the cure 
of disease. The idea that any reputable physician 
entertains any other sentiment is too silly to need 
contradiction. If any were called for it would be 
abundantly found in the history and origin and growth 
of the Boards of Health, national, state, and local, 
and in individual eftbrts of physicians, the world 
over, to prevent the causes which call for their serv- 

The lirst four in rank were Files, Hooper, 
Wilcomb, and Merrill. 

Cornell supports nineteen Greek Letter Soci- 
eties, three of which are composed entirely of 
ladies. — Ex. 


Forth from its hundred tongueless throats 
Came, with its hundred swelling notes. 
Wordless and grand, the sacred song. 
Softening the wild and youthful throng. 

Like to the choral notes unknown. 
Chanted in some seraphic tone. 
Ancient, that once for thee unfurled 
Banners of life, oh, infant world ; 
Swelled on that summer's afternoon 
Richly and grand the virgin tune. 

Bearing a strange and sweet accord. 
Unto the pictured child of God ; 
Unto the nude and primal pair; 
Unto the Virgin Mary fair, — 
Painted upon the hallowed wall — 
Swelled its rich strain in stirring call 
Filling, throughout, the gilded hall. 

Speak on, oh voice, in accents choice ! 
Open new veins of human thought ; 
Inspire the youth to realms of truth, 
Limitless strand of golden thought. 


The annual meeting of the Board was 
held in the chapel, Wednesday morning. 
The following business was transacted : 

Voted, To appropriate $150 for the gymnasium, 
to be expended under the direction of the director of 
the gymnasium. 

Voted, That Commons Hall be turned over to the 
janitor for use as a store-room and joiner shop. 

Voted, That one of the two portraits of George 
Boyd, bequeathed to the college by Col. George Boyd 
in 1859, be given to his descendant, Mrs. W. Board- 
man Smith of Cortland, N. Y. 

Voted, Thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Crocker 
Stevens for the gift of an organ to the college chapel. 

Voted, To pay the Director of the Gymnasium 
$1,000 per annum. 

Voted, To appropriate $100 to assist in the cele- 
bration of the 150th anniversary of the incorporation 
of the town of Brunswick, which occurs June 13, 

Voted, That the visiting committee inquire into 
the matter of enlarged accommodations for the 
college library, and that they present plans and esti- 
mates next year. 

Voted, Thanks of the college to John J. Taylor, 
Esq., of Fairbury, Illinois, for his offer of $1,000 



toward the erection of an astronomical observatory 
and tlie President was autliorized to solicit contribu- 
tions in furtherance of the same object. 

Voted, Thanks to Mrs. Sarah D. Lockwood for 
the gift of $1,000 to found the Amos D. Lockwood 

The following Professorships were filled : Henry 
Johnson was elected Longfellow Professor of Mod- 
ern Languages for three years. William A. Moody 
was elected Professor of Mathematics for three years. 
Charles C. Hutchins was elected Professor of Physics 
for three years. B. L. Bowen was elected Professor 
of French for one year. 

Mr. D. M. Cole was elected tutor of Zoology 
until Prof. Lee's return, when he will be Prof. Rob- 
inson's assistant in Chemistry. 

Voted, To pay Austin Cary $200 as additional 
compensation for extra services in Professor Lee's 

Voted, To extend Professor Lee's leave of absence 
to November 30, 1888. 

The usual reports were read and accepted. 


At the annual meeting of Phi Beta 
Kappa the following officers were elected : 
President, Rev. E. C Cummings ; Vice- 
President, D. C. Linscott ; Secretary, F. C. 
Robinson ; Literary Committee, J. W. Sy- 
monds, H. L. Cliapman, M. C. Fernald, 
Newman Smith, Frank A. Hill. 

The following from the class of '88 
were elected to membership : A. W. Tol- 
man, G. F. Cary, E. S. Bartlett, A. C. Dresser, 
Joseph Williamson, Jr., H. S. Card, G. H. 
Larrabee, F. K. Linscott, R. W. Coding, W. 
T. Hall, Jr. 

A vote of thanks to Rev. Geo. Gannett, 
Geo. T. Little, and Henry L. Chapman for 
the new catalogue was passed. 


It is with pleasure that we present this 
letter from an old and respected alumnus in 
response to a request that he would tell the 
Orient readers what he knew about the 

service for so many 

organ that did 


Editor Bowdoin Orient : 

Dear Sir, — I cannot tell you much of the history 
of Bowdoin's old chapel organ. Had I been a musi- 
cal man myself I could probably give you many de- 
tails that might have come within my cognizance. 
But I remember very well when and how it was pro- 
cured. Charles C. Taylor, of the class of '33, a 
man of much musical talent, was the leading spirit 
in the enterprise, and undoubtedly, without his zeal, 
we never should have seen or heard it. He went 
through all the classes in the spring term of 1832, 
soliciting subscriptions, principally, I think, of about 
two dollars each. At least I distinctly remember 
that two dollars was my modest investment. He 
found no difficulty in getting the necessary funds, so 
that it is safe to say that the organ was purchased 
with funds contributed by members of the classes of 
'32, '33, '34, and '35. The College Corporation had 
nothing to do with it. It was placed in the old 
wooden chapel, at the south-west corner, on the left 
hand of the professor who ofliciated in the pulpit. 
I say " professor" : this was during what was called 
the interregnum, the official life of President Allen 
being then in a state of suspended animation, in con- 
sequence of certain legislation by the State of 
Maine, and a lawsuit thence arising, involving the 
question of Mr Allen's legal title to the oifice of 
President. After the organ was placed in the chapel, 
in the summer of 1832 (we had a summer term then), 
a choir was organized and we frequently had singing 
accompanied by the organ, especially at Sunday even- 
ing prayers, but more especially after Mr. Allen's 
return to his duties as President, on the termination 
of his lawsuit. Then his family and the families of 
some of the professors were accustomed to be pres- 
ent on Sunday evenings, when the President would 
deliver a short and interesting discourse. It was at 
such times that the choir, aided by the organ, added 
much interest to the occasion. 

Upon the whole, I think that the old wooden 
chapel organ was a decided success, and that no one 
regretted his small contribution to its purchase. 

JosiAH Crosby, '35. 

In the United States, one man in every two hun- 
dred takes a college course ; in Germany, one in 
every two hundred and thirteen, and in England 
one in every five hundred. — Ex. 

The students of Hobart College have adopted the 
practiceof wearing the academic cap and gown. — Ex. 




To the Visiting Committee : 

Gentlemen, — The number of volumes now in the 
library is 38,986, exclusive of pamphlets, which 
exceed 8,500, and of books belonging to the Medical 
School which are estimated at 4,000. The accessions 
for the last twelve months have been 1,608 volumes 
and upwards of 200 pamphlets. With a single 
exception they exceed those of any other year since 
my appointment, and are larger than can be expected 
with the present endowment of the librai-y. As in 
previous years, a generous gift from the Revi Ellas 
Bond, a member of the class of '37, has made it 
possible to purchase several hundred books sorely 
needed, but otherwise beyond our means. 

Of these accessions 544 volumes were purchased 
by the librarian at an average cost of $1.11, 35 were 
obtained by binding periodicals and pamphlets, 131 
were bought by Professor Smith from the library 
fund in his charge, and 798 were presented by various 

The total number of volumes loaned during the 
year has been 6,026, a daily average, including vaca- 
tions, of nineteen. The largest number issued in 
any one day was ninety-two, on April 3d; the small- 
est number, one, on May 25th. The large increase 
in circulation, 1335, is due mainly to the increased 
number of students. All but six of the undergrad- 
uates are borrowers of books. It must be remem- 
bered, however, that it is unfair to judge of the use- 
fulness of a reference library like ours by the circu- 
lation, the usual criterion in case of ordinary public 
libraries. The library has been open, on the average, 
eight hours a day including vacations. The advan- 
tages resulting from the new classihcatibn are more 
and more apparent as the work advances, and when 
finished it is confidently believed the practical 
efficiency of the library will be more than doubled. 
George T. Little, Librarian. 


'Eighty-eight had a beautiful day for its 
graduation exercises, sunny and cool. 

A meeting of the alumni was held at 9 
o'clock in Adams Hall. The following 
officers were elected : President — Frederick 
H. Gerrish, '66 ; Vice-President — Charles F. 
Libby, '64 ; Secretary and Treasurer — George 
T. Little, '77 ; Executive Committee — Alfred 

Mitchell, '59; Arthur T. Parker, '76; Wil- 
liam H. Parker, '76; William H. Moul- 
ton, '74. 

John L. Crosby, '53, of Bangor, and Charles 
U. Bell, '63, of Lawrence, Mass., were nomi- 
nated for vacancies in the Board of Overseers, 
such nomination being equivalent to an 

A committee was appointed to arrange a 
new method of electing candidates for va- 
cancies on the Board of Overseers. This 
committee consists of F. H. Gerrish, '66, 
T. J. Emery, '68, and James McKeen, '64. 

At eleven o'clock the procession of the 
alumni formed at King Chapel, and headed 
by the Salem Cadet Band, marched to the 
church on the hill. The long procession con- 
tained men known widely and well, and in- 
cluded graduates as far back as the class of 
'25, which was represented by Hon. James 
W. Bradbury. Among the other prominent 
alumni were Hon. Melville W. Fuller, Judge 
Appleton, Rev. Egbert C. Smyth, and Judge 

At 11.30 the graduating exercises oc- 
curred at the Congregational church. The 
following was the programme : 


The Spirit of English Literature, with Latin 

Albert Walter Tolman, Portland. 

Frank Knox Linscott, Boston, Mass. 
Socialistic Tendencies. 

Richard William Goding, Alfred. 
Inspiration. George Foster Gary, East Machias. 

Our Race Question. 

Alvin Cram Dresser, Standish , 
The Rights of Labor. 

Albert Currier Shorey, Bridgton. 
Mohammedanism. Henry Clinton Hill, Knightville. 
The Dividing Line in Industry. 

William Toothaker Hall, Jr., Richmond. 
Prejudice and Reason in Intellectual Progress. 

Willard Woodbury Woodman, Auburn. 
Some National Perils. 

Ernest Seymour Bartlett, Paris. 




Men and Methods in Education. 

* Mr. Bo3'd Bartlett, Cincinnati, Oliio. 
Valedictory in Latin. 

* Mr. Webb Donnell, Sheepscot. 


The following are the honorary appoint- 
ments in the graduating class : 

Salutatory — Albert Walter Tolman, Portland. 

English Orations — Ernest Seymour Bartlett, 
Paris ; George Foster Cary, East Machias ; Alvin 
Cram Dresser, Standish ; Joseph Williamson, Jr., 

Philosophical Disquisitions — Horatio Smith Card, 
Gorham; Richard William Goding, Alfred ; William 
Toothaker Hall, Jr., Richmond; George Howard 
Larrabee, Bridgton ; Frank Knnx Linscott, Boston, 
Mass. ; Willard Woodbury Woodman, Auburn. 

Literary Disquisitions — Thomas Herbert Ayer, 
Litchfield Corner; William Lincoln Black, Hammon- 
ton, N. J. ; Henry Clinton Hill, Knightville ; Marsena 
Parker Sniithwick, Newcastle. 

Disquisition^ — William Herbert Bradford, Lewis- 
ton ; George Patten Brown^ Denver, Col. ; Charles 
Thomas Carruthers, Freeport; John Herbert Max- 
well, Wales; Albert Wesley Meserve, Naples; 
Howard Lester Shaw, West Cumberland ; Albert 
Currier Shorey, Bridgton ; Frank Louis Smithwiek, 

Discussions — Lincoln Hall Chapman, Damaris- 
cotta ; James Lee Doolittle, New York ; George 
Ansel Ingalls, South Bridgton. 

Honorary degrees were conferred as fol- 
lows, at the close of graduation exercises : 

The degree of LL.D. on Melville Weston 
Fuller, '53, and Gen. Oliver Otis Howard, 
'50; D.D. on Rev. J. E. Adams, '53, Bangor, 
Rev. E. S. Stackpole, '71, Bath, Rev. W. C. 
Pond, '48, San Francisco. The honorary 
degree of A.M. was conferred on Mr. Frank- 
lin Simmons. A.B. out of course was given 
to W. R. Butler and L. B. Folsom, '85, and 
C. A. Byram, '86. The following '85 men 
received A.M. in course: Frank West Alex- 
ander, Boyd Bartlett, Frank Irving Brown, 
Oliver Richmond Cook, Webb Donnell, Her- 
man Nelson Dunham, William Morse Fames, 
Lucius Bion Folsom, Nehemiah Butler Ford, 
Eben Winthrop Freeman, Edwin Ruthven 

Harding, John Fuller Libby, James Safford 
Norton, John Andrew Peters, Jr., Alfred 
Wilson Rogers, Eugene Thomas, Charles 
Henry Wardwell, and Frank Nathaniel Whit- 

At half-past two about three hundred and 
fifty of the Bowdoin alumni and a few in- 
vited friends marched into Memorial Hall, 
prepared to do ample justice to the bountiful 
repast spread before them. Among the 
alumni were men famous in every walk of 
life and of national reputation. On the plat- 
form to the right of President Hyde sat 
Chief Justice Fuller and Judge Enoch Fos- 
ter, and on the left was Rev. C. F. Allen. 
General John M. Brown, Rev. Egbert C. 
Smyth, Hon. John B. Redman, ex-Senator 
James W. Bradbury, Hon. T. J. Emery had 
seats near the platform. 

After a satisfactory discussion of the 
menu, President Hyde made a short address. 
He welcomed with pleasure so goodly a num- 
ber of the loyal sons of old Bowdoin. He 
.spoke of the intellectual progress made dur- 
ing the year, of the lessening rivalry between 
classes and societies, and of the friendly rela- 
tions existing between the undergraduates 
and the Faculty. He said that it had always 
been the boast of Bowdoin that she did not 
have to go outside her own sous to find great 
men, and so to-day he would ask no one to 
make post-prandial remarks who did notfjall 
Bowdoin his Alma Mater. He then fittingly 
introduced Hon. Melville W. Fuller, the 
Chief Justice elect, who was greeted with 
prolonged and hearty applause. He spoke 
as follows : 

Mr. President and Brethren, — I thank you sin- 
cerely for your kindly welcome and the terms in 
which it has been expressed by the President. I 
know of nothing more pleasant in re-visiting these 
familiar scenes, than the feeling which, as has been 
well said "comes unaided o'er one stealing," w.arm- 
ing the cockles of his heart, and sending a thrill 
through every fibre of his frame. But while it is 
pleasant, that pleasure is not unmixed with sadness. 



Perhaps every earthly pleasure has a strain of that, 
for it is impossible for me to separate the memory 
of those who have gone from the meeting of those 
who are here. I cannot escape if I would, and I 
would not if I could, the touch of vanished hands 
and the sound of still voices. I see again the forms 
of Woods and Cleaveland, of Packard and Smyth, 
of Stowe, Hitchcock, and Upham, and although, in 
the careless gayety of youth, I count myself not 
sufficient to have comprehended it, I have since ap- 
preciated, and I profoundly appi'eciate and value the 
works that follow them now that they rest from their 
labors. It was not simply learning, it was not 
simply mental discipline, it was not simply accom- 
plishments that they sought to impart, but in addition 
and beyond this they labored to ground the student 
in the faith in the eternal Being, which would enable 
him when the rain descended, and the winds blew, 
and the floods came, to withstand the storm as he 
only finally can whose feet are planted on the solid 
rock. And as it was with them so with their asso- 
ciates, one of whom, dear to me for his own and his 
father's sake, I was glad to see here to-day, who 
has rendered the name of Andover a household 
word. And so with their successors, for the file ever 
has remained the same, the continuity has been pre- 
served. Men may come and men may go, but the 
soul of the institution — the soul goes marching on. 
I think that it is true that wherever the sons of Bow- 
doin have achieved distinction it will be found 
that that success is largely due to that integrity of 
character which was developed by the teaching of 
their Alma Mater. 

Mr. President, I call to mind as I speak, by the 
way of illustration, the name of one of the most dis- 
tinguished of our alumni; one who for more than 
thirty years adorned the Federal bench in the dis- 
trict and even the circuit of which the city of my 
residence forms the metropolis, and who is now 
spared, in retirement, to the loving veneration of a 
vast circle of friends. More than to his profound 
learning in tlie law, moi-e than to his display of all 
the attributes which make a great jurist, I think 
Thomas Drummond owes his eminence to that 
unswerving rectitude which was inspired by the 
pious training of that little college he calls his Alma 
Maler. For my own part, brethren, my aff'eclion for 
old Bowdoin has not diminished in the lapse of years. 

My college associations have never ceased to be 
pleasant. I fully agree with Mr. Briglit in his appli- 
cation of the story of the woman of Samaria, when, 
having expected office, he was obliged, according to 
usage, to appear before his constituents for re-elec- 
tion. He said, "The prophet said 'Shall I speak 

for thee to the king, shall I speak for thee to the 
captain of the guard?' and she answered 'No I will 
dwell with mine own people.' " Dear New England, 
dear native State, dear Alma Maler, if the penalty of 
the acceptance of office were the severance of the 
ties which bind me to this college and its associations, 
I should unhesitatingly answer, " No, I will dwell 
with mine own people." 

The following gentlemen responded for 
their respective classes : 

General John Marshall Brown, of Port- 
land, for the class of '60, and Overseers. 

The Glee Club sang " Comrades in 

Rev. S. H. Hayes, of Boston, spoke for 
the class of '38. His class numbered thirty- 
one, eleven of whom survive, most of them 
in active life. Seven were present at the 
reunion the previous evening. 

Professor Egbert C. Smyth spoke for the 
class of '48. He made one of the brightest 
and wittiest speeches of the afternoon. He 
introduced two members of his class who 
beat the famous jump of '49. 

Hon. W. B. Drew, of Philadelphia, spoke 
for the class of '53. It was his second visit 
to Bowdoin since his graduation. His ad- 
dress was replete with happy hits and witty 
expressions, and the dignified Chief Justice 
laughed heartily at the jokes of his old class- 

Hon. Chas. U. Bell spoke for the class of 
'63. Hon. T. J. Emery spoke for the class 
of '68. Hon. C. F. Moulton for '73. He 
said that the high position occupied by 
Maine men, and especially Bowdoin men, 
was noticeable in a trip across the continent. 
Bowdoin was as well known in the West as 
any college in the land. 

Mr. Geo. C. Purington spoke for the 
class of '78. He paid a glowing tribute to 
the late Professor Avery. 

President Hyde announced that Hon. 
Wm. L. Putnam and General Hubbard are 
engaged in preparing tablets for Memorial 
Hall commemorating its character. Not 



only the names of those who died in the 
service, but also those who were in the war 
will be inscribed on them. The tablets will 
be of brass. 


At 8 o'clock the president gave a recep- 
tion in Memorial Hall. A large number of 
alumni and students and their friends were 
present. It was one of the most enjoyable 
events of the week. 

Boicdoin, 17 ; Colby, 11. 

On Saturday, the 16th inst., a si)ecial 
train conveyed a large number of students 
to Lewiston to see our boys administer a 
crushing defeat to the Colby nine. Parsons, 
the " auburn-haired " phenomenon of the 
Kennebec, was batted for eighteen hits, with 
a total of thirty-four. Fish was behind the 
bat for the Bowdoins. The ex-champions 
manifested no desire to run bases or bat. 
Neither side distinguished themselves for 
brilliant fielding. 

Fogg's batting was terrific and timely, 
knocking a home run out of the grounds, with 
three men on bases. Out of six times at bat 
he netted five hits, with a total of eleven. 
Thompson and Larrabee also did brilliant 
stick work. Although uneven, the game 
was interesting throughout. Following is 
the score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Thompson, r.f. ..55371000 
Larrabee, l.f. ...53251112 

F. Freeman, 2b. ..6 1 3 i 2 1 2 

Fogg, c.f 6 2 5 11 1 1 1 

Packard, lb. ...4 1 2 7 1 

Gary, p 5 1 2 2 1 1 9 1 

Fish, 6 2 2 3 2 14 1 

G. Freeman, 3b. ..5 1 2 1 2 
Pendleton, s.s. ..61121034 

Total ... 47 17 18 34 11 27 19 11 


A.B. B. B.H. T.B. S.B. P.O. A. E 

Pulsifer, c 4 2 1 2 2 11 4 

Parsons, p 4 2 1 1 1 2 11 4 

Wagg, 2b 5 2 2 2 1 1 1 3 

Gilmore, lb. ...5 1 2 2 10 1 
Roberts, c.f. ...52222100 

Gibbs, l.f 5 1 3 3 1 

King, s.s 5 1 1 3 

Foster, r.f 50 110200 

Bangs, 3b 4 1 1 

Totals ... 42 11 12 13 8 27 16 13 
Time of game — 2 hours 45 minutes. Earned runs — 
Bowdoin, 7; Colby, 2. First base on errors — ISowdoin, 6; 
Colby, 5. Base on balls — by Cary, 1; by Parsons, 4. 
Struck out — by Cary, 6; by Parsons, 5. Left on bases — 
Bo\vdoin,ll; Colby, 7. Two-base hits — Bowdoin,5; Colby, 
I. Three-base hits — Bowdoin, 1. Home runs — Bowdoin, 
3. Passed balls— Pulsifer, 3. Wild pitches — Cary, 1; 
Parsons, 1. Umpire — Lindsey. 

Bowdoin, 22; Bates, 11. 

On Monday, June 18th, the Bowdoin 
delta was the scene of the last game of the 
intercollegiate league between the Bates 
and home team. Both nines played loosely, 
the Bowdoins from confidence of victory, 
and the visitors from the heavy hitting with 
which they had to contend. 

In the seventh inning Daggett was batted 
out of the box. He was succeeded by 
Graves, who pitched quite well. Cary 
pitched his usual steady game, no runs being 
earned off him. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Thompson, r.f. ..61350002 
Larrabee, l.f. ...64352000 

F. Freeman, c. ..62112774 

Fogg, c.f 6 4 3 S 1 1 

Packard, lb. ... 6 2 2 2 2 16 

Cary, p 6 2 3 3 1 11 2 

Fish, 2b 6 3 3 3 1 3 1 3 

G. Freeman, 3b. ..5 2 1 3 2 2 
Pendleton, s.s. ..52110144 

Totals ... 52 22 20 28 11 27 26 15 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Graves, 3b 4 3 2 2 1 2 4 2 

Tinker, lb 4 3 1 1 1 12 2 

Gilmore, c.f. ...44230301 

Daggett, p 5 2 2 1 5 6 

Call, c 5 5 2 3 

Newman, l.f. ...5 1 2 2 3 1 2 1 

Knox, r.f 5 

Pierce, 2b 4 2 4 1 

Day, s.s 4 1 2 1 

Totals ... 40 11 9 10 5 27 19 17 



Earned rnus — Bowdoin, 6. Base on balls — by Daggett, 
1; by Gary, 3. Struck out— by Gary, 6; by Daggett, 2; by 
Graves, 1. Double plays — Bowdoin (2), Freeman and 
Packard, Gary and Fish. Umpire — Wilcomb. 


Won. Lo3t. Played, age won. 

Maine State College 7 2 9 .777 

Bowdoin, 5 3 S .625 

Colby 3 6 9 .333 

Bates 2 6 8 .250 

As may be seen above, the Maine State 
College nine leads the league. The contest 
has been fairly fought and fairly won, and 
the champions have our sincere congratula- 
tions on having demonstrated themselves the 
peers of any club in the league. Their 
games have been won upon merit alone, and 
through no violation of fairness or intercol- 
legiate courtesy. 

As to Colby, it is evident that minus 
" Forrest " she is minus base-ball. 

Bates has labored under the difficulties 
of not having had a team in the field last 
season, and having to contend with a half- 
smothered Faculty opposition. They have 
made a much better showing than was ex- 
pected, however, and it is evident that who- 
ever wins from them next year will have to 
I)lay ball. 

The work of our own nine has been emi- 
nently satisfactory. Last Commencement 
took away many of its prominent members, 
and, like all new material, it was to a great 
extent experimental. But, thanks to Cap- 
tain Freeman, assiduous gym practice has 
made it the heaviest batting nine in the 
league, aiid a steady, though not brilliant, 
fielding club. Individual reference seems 
hardly necessary. If some jjlayers have failed 
to play as well as others, it has certainly not 
been through any lack of interest or en- 
deavor; for tlie utmost good will has pre- 
vailed, and it is exceedingly gratifying to see 
our old enemy, society jealousies, so nearly 
overcome. At least four of our team deserve 
mention, however. Gary has borne the brunt 
of the battle, and by an ingenious combina- 

tion of head and hand, has puzzled his most 
skillful opponents. Fred Freeman's ball play- 
ing has been sure and timely. Regarding 
Fish's catching, it is a significant fact that 
no game has been lost in which he caught 
throughout. Fogg not only leads in percent- 
age of singles in batting, but his hits have 
been hard, long, and opportune. 

Eighty-five students attended the 
Colby game at Lewiston, the 16th. 

Watts recently photographed the 
members of the Alpha Delta Phi Fra- 
ternity, seated on the gymnasium stejis. 

Somebody tore down and tore up the reading- 
room signs during Commencement week. This 
benevolent individual intended we should have some 
new, clean ones next year, instead of the disgrace- 
fully dirty, patched, and torn placards that have just 
served us. By the way, a case for the old papers, 
instead of that insufficient desk, would be about tlie 
correct thing for Mr. Booker to build in the reading- 
room this summer. 

Mr. W. E. Richardson, representing King, Rich- 
ardson & Co., Springfield, Mass., has been here for 
a few weeks, obtaining students to canvass for books 
during the summer. He got twenty-four Bowdoin 

Hon. Josiah (Crosby, '35, and Dr. Frederic H. 
Gerrish, '06, of the Overseers, and Rev. Samuel F. 
Dike, D.D., represented the examining committee, 
June 19-21. They examined the three lower classes. 

Apatites vs. Hematites on the Delta, June 20th — 
12 to 11. 

One of the most enjoyable social events of the 
season was a reception tendered the Junior class by 
Professor Robinson at his home on the evening of 
their examinations, June 19th. A large and well 
pleased company was present. 

There was a dramatic and almost tragic scene at 



the depot, Wednesday, the 20th. Two Irishnien, a 
German, and an Englishman, none naturalized Amer- 
ican citizens, were discussing the merits of various 
countries and races. Argument waxed so hot that 
blows at length ensued, and there was a lively scrap- 
ing raatcli for a few minutes, finally stopped by the 
vigilant authorities. It was afterwards learned that 
one of the combatants was a Colby student. 

Fewer undergraduates than usual were present 
Commencement week. 

Stearns, '89, attended his sister's graduation at Mt. 
Holyoke Seminary, and will go to Norlhfield during 
the summer for study at Mr. Moody's school. 

Messrs. Newman and Day of the Bates nine are 
coming to Bowdoin next year. So is Wagg of Colby, 
and rumor sailh likewise of pitcher Parsons. 

Professor Johnson and wife have presented the 
Glee Club with four beautiful German song books in 
the original tongue. 

Tolman, '88, who secured two of the prizes for 
writing, treated his classmates at Giveen's, Friday 
morning after Commencement. 

A North Maine Freshman recently incarcerated 
the end woman in his room by locking it while he 
went to breakfast. On his return she was found 
calmly smoking his piiJe and reading "Leaves of 
Grass" with apparent relish. 

Of the many measures adopted by the Boards that 
are pleasing to the undergraduates, nothing was 
more gratifying than the promotion of instructors 
Moody and Hutchins to full professorships. It was a 
well merited tribute to faithful and efficient teachers. 

Professor Alpheus S. Packard, '01, and family, 
arrived Friday, June 22d, from Providence, and will 
pass the summer at their cottage at JNIere Point. 

At the late Congregationalist conference in Rock- 
land, Rev. W. P. Fisher was elected vice-president, 
Dr. Alfred Mitchell, auditor, and Professor H. L. 
Chainnan, treasurer of the Educational Society. 

Of course nobody thought that " concourses " was 
actually meant, two lines above the poetry, on page 
54 of our Ivy issue, when " concursus " was intended. 
That magnate, the "intelligent compositor," also 
marred our last number by other errors, which, 
though trifling, have the effect of tiny rust specks on 
polished steel. 

Crocker, '89, attended the Bath High School recep- 
tion the 22d. 

Professor Hutchins will remain in Brunswick 
this summer and work on the reflecting telescope he 
is constructing. He intends to observe the total 

eclipse of the moon, July 22-23, and will then 
measure its heat by the radiometer he invented. The 
process is a simple one. A long, narrow box, painted 
black inside, with one end open, contains a silvered 
mirror, which collects the moon's rays and heat. 
The mirror is slightly inclined to one side, and the 
collected rays are thus thrown back to the radiometer, 
which is placed at one side in the open end of the 
box. Even the most delicate deflections are easily 
read by means of a galvanometer indicator. 

The well-known William Seco, aged 18, broke 
his leg while playing ball about three weeks ago. It 
was a hip fracture. 

The college album of William Sewall Gardner, 
'50, bought at auction by Cyrus Woodman, '35, and 
presented by him to Geo. E. B. Jackson, has been 
given to the college library for preservation. It con- 
tains the autographs of delegations from '48 to '53, 
among which are the signatures of Chief Justice 
Fuller, Hon. Dexter A. Hawkins, Judge S. F. Hum- 
phrey, of Bangor, Professor J. B. Sewall, and Gen- 
eral Chamberlain. William S. Gardner was a justice 
of the supreme and superior courts, Massachusetts. 
He died April 4, 1888. 

The prizes of the year have been awarded as 
follows: English composition — first, $10 each, Tol- 
man and Woodman ; second, $5 each. Dresser and 
Hill. Junior declamation — first, $20, Staples; sec- 
ond, $10, Thwing. Sewall Sophomore declama- 
tion — first, $6, Gates ; second, $4, Brooks. Brown 
extemporaneous composition — first, $30, Coding ; 
second, $20, Cary. Sewall Greek— $25, Greeley; 
honorable mention. Hunt and Spillane. Sewall 
Latin — $25, Hunt; honorable mention, Briggs. 
Smyth mathematical — $300, W. R. Smith ; honora- 
ble mention, Briggs. Goodwin Commencement — 
$60, Tolman. Class of '68 Senior speaking — $60, 
Coding. Stackpole Latin — $25, H. DeF. Smith. 
Junior German — $25, Elden. Sophomore French — 
$25, W. R. Smith. Freshman French, $25, II. DeF. 
Smith. Garrett essay on " Arbitration a Substitute 
for War"— $10, Emery. 

In 1860, when Congressman Tom Reed graduated 
from Bowdoin, Mr. H. Kotzshmar was a performer 
at the Commencement concert, and executed a "Bow- 
doin March," composed bj' him expressly for the 

The newspaper portraits of Hon. Melville W. 
Fuller did not do him justice. He is a much finer 
looking man than the unusually good cuts repre- 

The quartette sang, Friday, June 22d, at the 



Topshatn High School prize declamations. One 
week later they sang at the Gorham High School. 

A quantity of female visitors inspected the col- 
lege buildings, Friday morning after Commencement 

The Junior prize declamation in Memorial Hall, 
Monday evening, the 2.')th, was attended by a large 
gathering. Many were unable to gain entrance, and 
were obliged to go away without hearing the speak- 
ers. The declamations and the music were both of 
high order. Programme : 

Nihilism.— Pbillips. Thomas S. Crocker, Paris. 

Execution of Montrose. — Aytoun. 

Oliver P. Watts, Thomaston. 
Political Mission of the United States.— Depew. 

Sanford L. Fogg, South Paris. 
Speech on " Forefathers' Day." — Long. 

* Lory Prentiss, Saco. 


Cleveland Speech of 1879.— Garfield. 

Wallace S. Elden, Waterville. 
The Battle Flags.— Schurz. 

Fred C. Eussell, Lovell Center. 
Tecumseh Before the Battle of Tippecanoe.— Anon. 

George Thwing, Farmingtou. 
Eulogy on Conkling. — lugersoll. 

Frank L. Staples, Benton. 
Adams and Jefferson. — Webster. 

George W. Hayes, Lewiston. 
Speech on the American War.— Pitt. 

Clarence L. Mitchell, Freeport. 
A Brother's Eulogy. — IngersoU. 

James L. Doherty, Houlton. 
Speech on the Tariff. — Reed. 

Erasmus Manson, Oakland. 


* Excused. 

The first prize was awarded to Staples, and second 
to Thwing. The committee on arrangements were 
W. S. Elden, G. Thwing, and G. W. Hayes. 

The Salem Cadet Band, wliieh furnished all the 
music of Commencement week, again covered itself 
with glory, as on Ivy Day. The members are bright, 
intelligent, and gentlemanly, and became popular in 
Brunswick as men, as well as musicians. 

The classes of '38, '48, '53, '60, '63, '68, '73, '78, 
'85, and '87 had reunions at the Tontine, and in Port- 
land during Commencement week. 

The Freshman exit of '91 was made on the even- 
ing of Thursday, June 21st. They rode to Portland 
in a specially decorated car, and marched (o the Fal- 
mouth. At 10 o'clock supper was served, rounded 
oS with toasts and this iirogramme : 

Opening Address. 

I. C. Jordan. 

Oration-" After Life." P. W. Dudley. 

Ode— Air — " Co-ca-che-lunk." 
Poem. T. S. Burr. 

Ode— Air — " Vive L' Amour." 
Class History. W. G. Mallett. 

Ode — Air — " There is a Tavern in the Town." 

Prophecy. A. T. Brown. 

Ode— Air— " Michael Roy." 

A. S. Dyer was toast-master and the following re- 
sponded : "Our Class," J. P. Cilley, Jr.; "City of 
Portland," D. B. Ridlon ; "'91 in Athletics," G. H. 
Packard ; " Our Girls," L. A. Burleigh ; " Our Rela- 
tions with '92," E. N. Goding; " Bowdoin College," 
H.T. Field; "The Faculty." A. P. McDonald; "The 
Future of '91," E. H. Newbegin. The officers were : 
J. P. Cilley, Jr., President; E. C. Drew, C. S. 
Wright, and F. O. Fish, Committee on Arrange- 
ments; H. S. Chapman, W. T. Kempton, and E. G. 
Loring, Committee on Odes. 

Wednesday evening of Commencement week the 
various Greek Letter fratei-nities gave their annual 
reunions. Many prominent alumni were present, and 
all report a most enjoyable time. 

From 30,000 to 85,000 gallons of water are used 
in sprinkling Main Street on the average warm sum- 
mer day, which keeps Mr. Amos Nickerson quite 
busy. He has to fill the sprinkler seventeen times 
to go over the street once, and during the day he 
makes from fifty to fifty-five trips. The cart has a 
capacity of six hundred gallons. 

Messrs. Gummer and Merriman, of the graduating 
class, Brunswick High School, contemplate entering 
college this fall. 

" When they expect to get ahead of Colby, 
they've got to play ball." How about it now, Gil- 
more ? 

Hall, Tolman, and F. C. Russell were judges at 
the prize speaking in Topsham, Friday, June 22d. 

Professor F. C. Robinson is to move the Dunning 
house, on the corner of Noble and Main Streets, and 
erect a large residence this summer. 

President Hyde preached an eloquent sermon 
from Isaiah 58 : 1-12, at the anniversary of the Maine 
Missionary Society in Rockland, two weeks ago. 

The Glee Club were photographed Commence- 
ment week. 

The Congregational church was re-opened on the 
17th. Professor Tucker of Andover occupied the 
pulpit, and preached tlie annual sermon to the college 
y. M.C. A. 



The following was the programme of Commence- 
ment concert in Town Hall, Wednesday evening, 
June 27th : 
Overture — " Le Keveil au Printemps." — Hilgers. 

Salem Cadet Band. 
Solo for Cornet— Selected. Mr. B. B. Keyes. 

Vocal March— "Now Forward." — Storcli. 

Temple Quartette. 
Song — " Sombre Faret." — Rossini. Mrs. A. M. Fellows. 
Duet — " The Fishermen." — Gabussi. 

Mr. Webber and Mr. Cook. 
Chilian Dance — " Manana." — Missud. 

Salem Cadet Band. 
Quintette — " Whence." — Abt. 

Mrs. Fellows and Temple Quartette. 
Solo for Piccolo—" L'Oiseau Bleu." — Damare. 
English Glee — " Jack Horner." — Caldicott. 

Temple Quartette. 
Song — " The Sea-Bird's Message." — Geibel. 

Mrs. A. M. Fellows. 
Song — " My Heart is Thy Home." 

Mr. E. F. Webber. 
Extravagan za — ' 'Operatic." — Genee. 

Temple Quartette. 
Descriirtive — "A Hunting Scene." — Bucoalossi. 

Salem Cadet Band. 
There was a large and fashionable audience 
present, and the different selections were enthusiasti- 
cally encored. The concert was managed by E. A. 

The first day was held August 22, 18551. 
Dr. Mitchell read the history, and Professor Young 
the poem. 

Sunday afternoon, the 17th, forty ladies were 
counted in King Chapel. 

A ghastly skeleton was seen hanging among the 
branches of the Thorndike oak one evening during 
examination week. 

Black is to go into business at his home, Ham- 
monton, N. J., during the summer. Cary enters a 
bank in East Machias. H. C. Hill is to be clerk at 
the Waldo House, Little Chebeague. Williamson 
succeeds Lane, '87, as city editor of the Kennebec 
Journal. Woodman becomes Professor of Latin at 
Thayer Academy, Braintree, Mass., in the ftill. 

Wright, '91, goes to the Glen House, White 
Mountains, this vacation. 

The alumni received the Glee Club with enthu- 
siasm, both in a financial way and otherwise. The 
alumni know a good thing when they hear it. 

Alas, how soon om- knowledge leaves us ! One 
who has just "crossed the Rubicon" into the realms 
of " Senior dignity," while seated at table at Mace's 
the other day, desired a little of the savory article 

with which we season our food, and, in the firm and 
confident tone in which he is wont to slay " Rob," he 
called out, " Please pass the HCl." How about that, 
George ? 

Tutor Gary's prize for the best batting average 
materialized in the form of a handsome gold medal 
instead of a cup. It now adorns the breast of S. L. 
Fogg, '89. Following is the 



Fogg, 36 15 .417 

Cary 32 13 .406 

F. Freeman, 37 12 .324 

Fish, 30 9 .300 

Larrabee 36 9 .250 

Packard 35 8 .229 

Williamson 34 7 .163 

G. Freeman 33 5 .153 

Pendleton 33 5 .153 

The new Chief Justice is a loyal Bowdoiu boy, 
too, eh ? 

None of the Bowdoin Faculty wear " plug" hats. 
Few of them are ever seen sporting canes. Six of 
them wear full beards, one a moustache and goatee, 
five a moustache alone, and two are sans facial 
hirsute adornment. 

It was the Mineralogy examination, and one of 
the fossils was perpetrating rather irrelevant ques- 
tions. Said another of the examining Board to him : 
" What is the difference between Lot's wife being 
turned into a pillar of salt, and Brigham Young's 
being the pillar of Salt Lake City?" Fossil No. 1 
was at a loss, and No. 2 began to hint that there was 
as much connection between the two parts of this 
conundrum as there was between No. I's question 
and the Mineralogy examination. No. 2 concluded 
with the pun: " I believe Brigham Young's idea of 
wives was ioi's.'" The class wooded, and No. 1 

A very pleasant donkey party was held at Prof. 
Little's, last Friday evening. 

An unsophisticated Freshman left the following 
tacked on his door. We expect he will certainly 
find everything done as ordered on his return. " Mr. 
Booker: I want the room papered and painted. I 
am willing to pay extra for the p;iper if you cannot 
get as good paper as I would want for the price the 
college alows. I want it to be light collored, also 
some new moulding is needed. Take up the carpet 
and beat it, you will find some tabacco on the 
mantel-shelf to put in it. There are also several 
places in the room that need to be plastered. Put 



the stove in the coal closet." The original of this 
exquisite literary production ought to be secured for 
the library show case. 

On Commencement morning a notable group was 
conversing with President Hyde near the cliapel. 
There was a sliort, slim man dressed in a black 
Prince Albert and spring trousei'S, whose silvery 
locks were crowned with a Cleveland hat. His 
heavy moustache was also silvery, and eye-glasses 
gave dignity to his handsome face. Beside him was 
a much larger man, of medium build, who wore a 
neat summer suit of blue, and who likewise sported 
the Cleveland plug. He was destitute of beard, and 
brains shone forth from every line and furrow in his 
countenance. A third man, tall and portly, was in 
ministerial garb, which well become his sober dig- 
nity'. Sharp eyes peered through his spectacles, and 
his beard was while. This trio consisted of no less 
than the man who will swear in Brave Ben of In- 
diana on the fourth of next March, the New England 
member of the Fisheries Commission and Democratic 
nominee for Governor of Maine, and the brave and 
fearless exponent of future probation, from Andover. 
And they were all Bowdoin alumni, too. 

Monday evening, July 2d, at the residence of the 
bride's parents, Mr. James Lee Doolittle was united 
in marriage to Miss Helen, daughter of A. V. Met- 
calf. Kev. E. C. Guild lied the knot. The liappy 
couple left on the Pullman for Boston, and on the 7th 
sail from that port for a European trip. The Orient 
and the students wish the newly married pair all 

62. — Professor Sylves- 
ter Burnham, D.D., of Ham- 
ilton Theological Seminary, is to be 
in Lhaige of the department of Hebrew, and 
a piofessoi in the School of the English 
Bible, at Chautauqua University, this sum- 
mer. The session is July 5th to August 16tli. 

75.— Edwin Herbert Hall, Ph.D., has been re- 
elected Assistant Professor of Physics, at Harvard, for 
five years from Sei)tember, 1888. 

79. — H. A. Huston is State Chemist, and Chemist 
of the United States Experiment Station, located at 
Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana. 

'83.— F. H. Files (Medical School, '88,) has ac- 
cepted a position at the Maine General Hospital. 

'83. — Pettingill recently graduated from the Bos- 
ton University Law School. 

'83.— Fred M. Fling, a Portland boy, and a grad- 
uate of Bowdoin, who has been sub-master of the 
Biddeford High School for the last four years, and is 
soon to leave for a course of study abroad, recently 
severed his connection with that institution. In ap- 
preciation of his earnest labors in their behalf, the 
scholars of the fourth class drew up a paper expres- 
sive of their feelings toward him and their wishes 
for his future success. Other of his pupils and 
friends presented him with a piece of handsome 
bronze statuary. 

'84. — Mr. Oliver W. Means of Augusta has just 
completed a post-graduate course of study at the 
Hartford Theological Seminary, and has accepted a 
call to the Congiegational church of Enfield, Conn. 
Mr. Means will begin his work there about Septem- 
ber 1st. He will shortly visit his old home in Au- 

'85. — E. W. Freeman has graduated from the 
Boston University Law School. 

One thousand three hundred and sixty members 
of the University of Cambridge are opposed to 

A grand reception in honor of the abolition of 
Sophomore societies at Yale was held recently by all 
the students. — The Chronicle. 

There is an attempt being made to collect the 
published writings of Williams men, and file them 
as the basis of a future history of the college. — Michi- 
gan Argonaut. 

The undergraduates of Princeton University have 
undertaken the expense of sending one of their num- 
ber as a missionary to India. The fund subscribed 
reaches $1,000.— .S^a;. 




Fifty Years of English Song. ^ Selections from 
THE Poets of the Keign of Victoria. — Edited and 
Arranged by Henry F. Randolph. New York, Anson 
D. F. Randolph & Co. 12 mo.; 4 vols., S^o.OO. 

Mr. Randolph, in this series of volumes, presents 
such selections, as, in his judgment, " give a general 
knowledge of the tendency and scope of English 
poetry during the past fifty years." He claims no 
unusual infallibility for his judgment, and thus, by 
his very modesty, secures the compilation from very 
serious assault. It seems hardly fair to criticise a 
collection of poems introduced by such a precau- 
tionarj' remark. The estimation of merit in poetrj' 
depends so much upon individual training, and inborn 
tastes, that two persons can scarcely be found whose 
judgments exactly correspond. This is particularlj' 
the case with contemporary poetry, which has not 
yet undergone the crucial test of time, whereby the 
worthy in literature is preserved and the worthless 
cast aside. 

The author need not have feared, however, for the 
" Fifty Years " appears to us to be the most acceptable 
anthology of modern poetry that has yet appeared. 
The classification of the selections is a good one, and 
the notes, while sufficient in quantity, do not occupy 
a too conspicuous place in the make-up of the several 
volumes. The indexes are ample; the typographi- 
cal execution admirable. As to the quality of the 
selections, that remains for each reader to decide, as 
has already been intimated. All will doubtless 
find something that will please, and little to dislike. 

Composition and Rhetoric bt Practice. By William 
Williams, B.A. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co., 1888. 
12 mo. pp. 23S, 85c. 

The value of practical methods in the teaching of 
the sciences has become fully recognized, but the 
universality of their application has not, until 
recently, been thoroughly appreciated. In no branch 
of education is the method of " little theory and much 
practice" more a necessity than in composition. If 
we are to learn to write correctly, nothing is of 
greater importance than exercise in writing. Nearly 
every text-book of Composition and Rhetoric, if not 
every one, has scattered through its pages so-called 
" practical exercises, " but a book, like the present, 
which professes upon its title-page to teach "by 
practice," is a novelty and a very desirable novelty 
as well. 

The excellence of the present work will not per- 
mit us to impart a fragmentary conception of its 

character and scope by quotation. It must be 
sufficient to say that it appears a worthy exponent of 
the method of teaching which it adopts. The greater 
portion of the book is occupied by examples, illus- 
trating the principles set forth. Small space is 
allotted to the formulating of rules, but such as are 
given are enunciated in clear and taking language. 

Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
LANGnAGE, With iLLnsTRATioNS. Vol. 2. America 
(British) to Artemds. jSIew York, John B. Alden, 
1887. 12 mo. pp. 632. 

The second volume of this handy work of refer- 
ence sustains all that we said in regard to the first. 
Thus far, at least, the series succeeds admirably in 
carrying out the purpose of its publisher, — " to pre- 
sent a survey of the entire circle of knowledge, 
whether of words or of things, thus combining the 
characteristics of a C3'clopedia and a Dictionary." 


The New Arithmetic, recently published by Heath 
& Co., is something a little out of the ordinary line 
in text-books. Instead of being the work of a single 
individual, the book represents the experience of 
three hundred prominent teachers. Such a volume 
ought to be worth looking over. 

Professor Johnson's variant edition of " The Mid- 
summer Night's Dream," which was recently 
reviewed in these columns, is meeting with a flatter- 
ing reception, from students of Shakespeare, all over 
the country. The following will serve as examples 
of the many favorable press notices which the book 
has received : 

The " Variant," though it will be highly prized by 
advanced students, would be most useful for the very 
beginners in the serious study of Shakespeare, in leading 
them to a critical discussion of what Shakespeare really 
wrote. For such use it is perhaps as good as anything 
could well be, and its judicious freedom from notes, which 
would partly defeat this purpose, is a good feature. — ifero 
Enf/lander and Tale Keview. 

Said a prominent Shakespearean scholar recently, of 
this book; "Professor Johnson's reputation for accuracy 
is so well established, that I shall be greatly astouished if 
a single error is found in the book. " — Boston Advertiser. 

The amount of minute and conscientious labor repre- 
sented by these pages is immense. If followed up, an 
edition on Mr. Johnson's plan must command large atten- 
tion and patronage. — Shakespeariana. 


Exercises in English. By H. I. Strange, B.A. Bos- 
ton, D. C. Heath & Co. 1888. 35o. 

Chemical Problems. By J. P. Crabfield, Ph.D., and 
P. S. Burns, B.S. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co. 1888. 


Columbia College, 

OiTE'sXT- -2-OI^IS: CIT-2-. 

SCHOOL OF MINES.— The system of insti-uctiou includes seven parallel courses of study, each leading to a degi-ee, 
viz. : mining engineering, civil engineering, sanitary engineering, metallurgy, geology, and palseontology, analytical and applied 
chemistry, architecture. 

The plan of instruction includes lectures and recitations in the several departments of study; practice in the chemical, min- 
eralogical, blowpipe, metallurgical, and architectural laboratories; field and underground surveying; geodetic surveying; practice 
and study in mines, mills, machine shops, and foundries; projects, estimates, and drawings for the working of mines and for the 
construction of metallurgical, chemical, and other works; reports on mines, industrial establishments, and field geology. 

During the summer vacation there are Summer Schools in Mechanical Engineering, for practical work in foundries and ma- 
chine shops; in Surveying, for practical work in the field ; in Practical Mining; in Practical Geodesy; in Chemistry— all under 
the immediate superintendence of professors. Special students are admitted to the Summer School in Chemistry. 

SCHOOL Of LAW ,— The course of study occupies two years, and is so arranged that a complete view is given during 
each year of the subjects pursued. The plan of study comprises the various branches of common law, equity, commercial, inter- 
national, and constitutional law, and medical jurisprudence. The first year is devoted to the study of general commentaries upon 
municipal law, and contracts, aud real estate. The second year includes equity jurisprudence, commercial law, the law of torts, 
criminal law, evidence, pleading, and practice. Lectures upon constitutional law and history, political science, and international 
law are delivered through both the senior and jurior years. Those on medical jurisprudence are delivered to the senior class. 

All graduates of literary colleges are admitted without examination; other candidates must be examined. Applicants who are 
not candidates for a degi-ee are admitted without a preliminary examination. 

SCHOOL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.— The prime aim of this school is the development of all branches of the 
political sciences. It offers eight courses in political and constitutional history, nine in political economy, five in constitutional 
and administrative law, four in diplomacy and international law, four in Roiuan law and comparative jurisprudence, two in 
political philosophy, and one in bibliography— in all, forty-four hours per week through the academic year. The full course of 
study covers three years. For admission as candidate for a degree, the apiJlicant must have satisfactoi-ily completed the regular 
course of study in this college, or in some other maintaining an equivalent curriculum, to the end of the junior year. Special 
students admitted to any course without examination upon payment of proportional fee. 

In addition to the above special schools for graduates and others, there is, in connection with the Scliool of Arts, a Graduate 
Department in which instruction is given to graduates of this aud other colleges in a wide range of subjects, embracing advanced 
courses in languages and literatures (ancient and modern), mathematics and the mathematical sciences, philosophy, law, history, 
the natural sciences, methods of research in chemistry and physics, practical work in the asti'onomicai observatory, etc A stu- 
dent in this department may attend a single course, or any number of courses; he may also, at his option, enter as candidate for 
the degree of Master of Arts, Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, or Doctor of Philosophy. 

Circulars of Information, giving details as to courses of instruction, requirements for admission, fees, remission of fees, 
wholly or in part, etc., etc., of any of the schools may be had by addressing the Registrar of the College, Madison Avenue and 
49th Sti-eet, New York City. 


Shreve, Crump & Low, 

432 Washington Street, BOSTON, MASS. 

Agents for the Celebrated ''Patek Phillippe" Watch. 


K\j^o Agents for the Famous Gohram Plated Ware. 


0^ ^ 


Offer a Fine Stock. Work Eiecuted Quickly and at lowest Prices. CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 6. 




F. L. Staples, '80, Managing Editor. 
O. P. Watts, 'S'.K Business Editor. 

W. M. Emery, '8S 
G. T. Files, '89. 
F. J. C. Little, '8 
D. E. Owen, '80. 

E. R. Stearns, '89. 
tr. B. Chandler, '90. 
J. M. "W. Moody, '90. 
T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies cau W, obtained at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances sliould be made to tlie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the IManaging Editor. 

Students, Professors, and A.lumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied bj- writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Eatered at the Post-0£&ce at Brunswick as Secoad-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 6.- October 3, 1888. 

For a Friend's Album 87 

Editorial Notes, 87 

Savonarola, 88 

The Bowdoiu College Observatory, 90 

Consultation After Recitation, 91 

Samuel Adams, 91 

Why? 93 

The Sophomore-Freshman Contests, 93 

Collegii Tabula, 94 

Personal, 97 

In Memoriam 99 

College World 99 

Book Reviews, 100 


A simple verse may ill suffice 
T' acknovpledge all to friendship owed, 
'Tis not the size that rules the price 
Of earthly gifts on friends bestowed. 

Much rather ponder on the thought 
Of all the pleasant things we'd tell. 
If fate would but on us allot 
Some Uod-like power, or Muse's spell. 

Another college year has begun 
under the most favorable auspices. Nearly 
all the students have returned. We miss 
the familiar faces of 'eighty-eight, but the 
loss is compensated by the entrance of a large 
Freshman class. 

Undoubtedly there are some who have 
not entered Bowdoin this year from one 
cause or another, but it is gratifying to know 
that most of those who intended to enter 
this college have not allowed matters, en- 
tirely outside of it, to carry them elsewhere. 

The college is grateful to him, who, 
though never a member of it, has, in the dis- 
tribution of his earthly goods, remembered 
it in so marked a degree. 

The new observatory which we have 
needed for so long a time bids fair to mate- 
rialize in the early future. 

Some of us have nearly completed our 
college course. Three years, pleasant and 
profitable, have passed away and the fourth 
will soon join them. We have not always 
made the most of them and we are glad that 
another remains in which we may strive to 
retrieve the errors of the past. 

Another class stands at the threshold of 
the mythical realms of Junior ease. Like 
the fabled Fountain of Youth, many have 
sought for it but lione, so far as we know, 
have found it. If the work of Juuior year 
is honestly done, if all the opportunities pre- 


sented are faithfully improved, no Junior 
will have a surplus of ease. 

The blasts of the sleep-defying horn and 
the oft-repeated strains of old Phi Chi ad- 
monish us that another class has emerged 
into the vs'ild freedom of Sophomore year. 
On this class as on no other rests responsi- 
bility for the maintenance of good order. 
We do not expect that every Freshman will 
always wear dry clothing ; on the contrary, 
we believe in the efficacy of cold water. 
When judiciously applied, it will wash away 
a multitude of sins. But there is no occa- 
sion for those disgraceful scenes which have 
occurred in past years and which have done 
so much injury to the college. There is no 
occasion which makes it right for the Soph- 
omore to jeopardize the life or limb of any 
Freshman. Judging the future by the im- 
mediate past we do not expect to see during 
the year any such exhibition of barbarism. 

The Freshmen have not been here long 
enough for us to get much acquainted with 
them. Apparently the class does not con- 
tain a great amount of athletic material, but 
perhaps it has ability enough in other direc- 
tions to make up for its lack in this respect. 
The curriculum has been enlarged and im- 
proved, and in this direction '92 has an ad- 
vantage over any other class that ever entered 

A copy of this number of the Orient 
has been sent to every member of the Fresh- 
man class, and each succeeding number will 
be sent unless otherwise ordered. 

You will find many college interests which 
ask for and .should have your support, but 
none of these make more urgent demands 
upon you than the Okient. We give you 
all the college news and late information 
from other colleges. It is, or at least en- 
deavors to be, the exponent of college senti- 
ment. It represents our college in the field 
of college journalism, and we may say with 

justifiable pride that it maintains a good 
position among other college journals. 

You are requested to contribute to its 
columns. Your articles will receive careful 
consideration, and publication if they are of 
sufficient merit. 

We ask those who hope to secure posi- 
tions on the next Board of Editors to pass 
in during the next two terras contributions 
to the columns of the Ombnt. Your elec- 
tion will depend largely upon the amount 
and quality of the work done during the 
next two terms. It is the only way we can 
judge of your fitness for election. The prac- 
tice in composition will be beneficial to you 
and the aid rendered to us will be appreciated. 

Do not put the matter off till the latter 
part of the winter term and then do the work 
in a hurry. The work passed in must' show 
painstaking care. Must be bright, readable, 
and condensed, and must in every case bear 
the name of the writer. Do not rely for 
election upon the merits of one article. You 
must show that j'^ou are capable of doing 
and willing to do a fair amount of Orient 

Probably the most interesting part of the 
Orient to our alumni is the Personal col- 
umn. It has been an aim of the present 
Board to make this department as complete 
as possible. Any news for the Personal 
column will be gratefully received, and we 
ask all of our alumni, secretaries of classes 
and alumni associations to send us such 
items of interest as they may be able to 


One of the grandest and most prominent 
figures in Italian history is the Dominican 
monk, Girolamo Savonarola. 

Born in 1452, in Ferrara, he was admitted 
to the priesthood in 1481 or 1482. His 



parents, who were in comfortable circum- 
stances and of good descent, wished him to 
follow the profession of medicine, in which 
his paternal grandfather had been quite suc- 

But he was averse to this and he entered 
upon hisnovitiate at the Conventof Domenico 
in Bologna. From what we can learn this step 
was taken against the wishes of his parents. 
He studied in this convent six years and then 
was sent to Ferrara to preach. Here he was 
not very successful. Later he was sent to Plor- 
ence to the church of St. Mark, the scene of his 
future labors and triumphs. At this time the 
great preacher of Florence was Fra Mariano 
who, by his pulpit oratory, replete with 
classic learning and smoothly-flowing sen- 
tences, charmed the luxurious citizens of 
this fashionable and wealthy city. The fame 
and influence of this man must be overcome 
by Savonarola before he could hope to gain 
the ear of Florence. Could he do it? 

Beginning with small audiences his name 
and fame began to spread throughout the 
city. His audiences increased, and, as the 
room began to be crowded, begged of him 
to pi'each in the cathedral. Finally he ac- 
ceded to their wishes, and on March 1, 1490, 
he delivered his first sermon in the Cathe- 
dral of St. Mark. 

The great church was crowded almost to 
suffocation, and the audience listened eagerly 
to every sentence of what Savonarola him- 
self tells us was a " a terrible sermon." The 
people of Florence went mad with admira- 
tion, and the wonderful priest was discussed 

Savonarola was now a power in Florence, 
and Lorenzo De Medici attested this fact 
by his efforts to silence him. A ray of 
hope shot into the hearts of the Florentines. 
For many years they had been overtaxed, 
oppressed, and downtrodden. Here was a 
man whose influence Lorenzo feared. Why 
not make him ruler of Florence ! 

But now happens one of the most re- 
markable incidents in Savonarola's life, and 
if we dwell on it longer than we ought, it 
is because it so commands our admiration. 

Lorenzo De Medici lay dying. Walking 
" in the valley of the shadow of death," his 
past crimes rising before like so many spec- 
tres, harrassed by a thousand doubts and 
fears, the soul of Lorenzo was a stranger to 
peace. More than all else he desired abso- 
lution, but how could he be certain of it 
granted by a confessor too obsequious to 
contradict his slightest wish? Suddenly he 
thought of Savonarola, a priest whom the 
threats of kings could not silence, whom the 
flattery of princes could not seduce, who 
acknowledged no master but God. Absolved 
by him he could go in peace. 

Savonarola was speedily summoned to 
the palace. Surprised beyond measure, he 
hastened to the bedside of the dying ruler. 
Lorenzo answered all the questions quickly 
until the priest demanded the liberty of 
Florence. The boon was refused. The 
monk refused to grant absolution till Lo- 
renzo comjjlied. Neither would yield, and 
Lorenzo passed beyond to reap the re- 
ward of his iniquity. 

Savonarola continued preaching, and 
though several attempts at assassination 
were made, he escaped unharmed. 

During this time events of the greatest 
importance to Florence had happened. 
Charles VHL had entered Florence, made 
arrogant claims on the Florentines, had been 
refused, and had withdrawn from the city. 

Meanwhile Savonarola had been made 
law giver of Florence. For three years he 
ruled Florence in wisdom, and though 
threatened by Rome he "kept the noiseless 
tenor of his way." At this time Savonarola 
was at the zenith of his power. 

But there were "breakers ahead." Pope 
Alexander summoned him to Rome. No 
attention was paid to it by Savonarola. A 



second summons, sterner than the first, was 
received. Still Savonarola kept on preach- 
ing. The attention of all Italy was now 
riveted on the monk who, single-handed 
and alone, dared to oppose the power of 
Rome. But at last, when he had been sum- 
moned three times, and after being excom- 
municated, he yielded to the solicitations of 
his friends, and for a time ceased preaching. 

But the Signory would not send him to 
Rome for punishment. Rome's will must be 
done, but it should be done in Florence. He 
was tortured and persecuted, but he never 
wavered. False charges were made out 
against him and a mock trial began — a 
mocTc trial because his death was determined 
upon before the trial commenced. He was 
sentenced to death, and on the twenty- 
second of Maj^ 1498, he was hung and his 
body burned. Two faithful companions, 
also monks, perished with him. 

Such is an outline of the career of a 
most remarkable man. Literally almost was 
he prophet, priest, and king to the people 
of Florence and of Italy. As a preacher he 
has had few equals, and if some of the 
rulers of the present day had his firmness 
and sagacity their people would be better 

He was a reformer of morals rather 
than of the church, but had the church of 
Rome accepted his teaching, had she list- 
ened to his warning, her power and prestige 
would be greater than they now are. 

The fickle Florentines worshiped him 
one day and the next he perished by their 
hands. But in later years, when his predic- 
tions became realities, and Florence was 
again weak and miserably governed, she 
may have remembered the name of one who 
was greater than herself — Girolamo Savon- 

At Yale there are eight scholarships, amounting 
to $2,000, oflfered to deserving students. 


Some months ago a project for building 
an observatory at Bowdoin was set on foot, 
and it will be remembered that at the last 
Commencement it was announced that a 
gentleman in the West had given a generous 
sum toward that object. It was thought 
that but little difficulty would be encoun- 
tered in securing the needed additional 
amount. During the past vacation plans for 
a building were made, and estimates upon 
the building and instruments secured. It is 
found that for the sum of three thousand 
dollars a suitable building can be erected, 
and provided with such needed instruments 
as we do not already possess. This seems a 
very small sum, and many will think at once 
that nothing can be done with so little, 
which would be true if the design were to 
build an observatory for scientific research, 
and equip it with the costly apparatus that 
would be required in original investigation. 
Btit we are trying for an observatory for 
purposes of instruction only. The costly 
and elaborate instruments would be of no 
use to us, being too valuable to risk in the 
hands of students. 

We already have an excellent equatorial 
telescope and a good spectroscopic outfit — 
the most costly parts of the instrumental 
equipment — besides several smaller instru- 
ments, but we must await the erection of a 
suitable building before they can be made 

The plan is for a building of brick, with 
a revolving dome twenty feet in diameter, a 
transit room, a photographic room, and a 
large room for general purposes. The col- 
lege campus affords a reasonably good site 
by removing a few of the pine trees east of 

The treasurer has authority to commence 
the building as soon as the necessary amount 



has been subscribed, of wldch we now have 
about one-half. 

The facilities for the study of Astronomy 
in the college are much inferior to those pre- 
sented by any other branch of Natural Sci- 
ence, although at one time we were as well 
equipped for the study as any college in the 
country. It is much hoped that we may 
recover something of our former standing in 
this matter, and that the present plan for 
doing so will commend itself to all who have 
the welfare of the college at heart. 


A doubtful custom ought to be either 
vindicated or abandoned. Truth is arrived 
at by open discussion, not by cavil and dis- 
pute. Our college publication is the medium 
of such discussion. Tliere exists a strong 
prejudice against that custom of post- 
recitational consultation which is usually 
denominated " chinning." Whether or not 
this odium is just is an open question, and it 
seems not inappropriate that the arguments, 
fro and con, be fairly stated. 

Probably the present article will be ac- 
cused of no ambiguity, when it enters the 
lists in behalf of the statement, that the 
custom, as generally pursued, has no justifi- 
cation on the principles of equity or con- 
sistency. At the outset, however, let us 
except those isolated cases, where a student 
has personal work to do, is making a study a 
specialty, or where the class has been invited 
to remain for individual assistance. 

It is unjust because it is an unfair ad- 
vantage over less aggressive classmates. In 
an institution of this character each stu- 
dent pays a stipulated tuition. That tuition 
employs instructors who devote a definite 
period of time to class instruction. Who- 
ever appropriates private tutorage, takes 
what obviously does not belong to him. The 

time for questions is not after, but during, 
recitation, when all can derive equal benefits 
from the explanation, and when the in- 
structor can explain in a manner much more 
agreeable to himself, and much more lucid 
to the class. 

It is an absurd custom because it is in- 
compatible with the college system of in- 
struction. The time when we stood beside 
a feminine knee, and in frock and apron 
lisped the primal " a, b, c " has passed. The 
time when, attached to a female " apron 
string," we wended our way through the 
intricate labyrinth of the multiplication ta- 
ble has passed. The time when we might, 
with some reason perhajjs, ask personal as- 
sistance in the rudiments of Latin and Greek 
has passed. Though differing from either, the 
function of a college professor is much more 
akin to that of a public speaker than that of 
a governess. We enter college on a footing 
of intellectual equality ; and if, as must fol- 
low from the very nature of things, an 
inferior mind fails to reap superior benefits, 
it is not that he has been unfairly taught, 
but that nature did not make him a genius. 
The privilege of asking questions during 
recitation is as much conformity to differ- 
ence of ability as can be expected. 

It has often been said that criticism upon 
this custom is due to envy and personal 
spite. Suppose we admit it ; it is no justi- 
fication of the thing itself. There is also a 
counter accusation which, to avoid the im- 
putation prejudice, we will not mention. 
In this article an attempt has been made to 
treat the question fairly ; to adduce argu- 
ments, not satire. 


The name of Samuel Adams calls to mind 
the stirring days and incidents of pre-revolu- 
tiouary times and the no less stirring and 
more important days of the war itself. 

Born in 1722 in Boston, "that hot bed of 



sedition," as it was called in those days, he 
not only witnessed but participated in most 
of the public meetings and private confer- 
ences that helped to turn public opinion into 
the channels of independence. Through his 
many articles published in the newspapers 
and magazines of that day he exerted a 
wider influence than any other man of the 
times. He was, perhaps, the most volumi- 
nous writer that America has produced, but 
in his writings you see but very little of 
Samuel Adams. The writer keeps himself 
carefully in the background and presents his 
subject to you with all the power and clear- 
ness that characterizes the man of action 
rather than the man of words. 

But it was in the town meeting, the cradle 
and fortress of American liberty, the cher- 
ished protector of New England freedom 
that Samuel Adams in his early life made 
himself a power. He made great speeches 
and did a vast amount of work in the Con- 
tinental Congress, but after all it was in the 
Boston town meeting, a less formal assem- 
blage than the Congress, that the voice of 
Samuel Adams, backed by a well-informed 
mind and a sturdy arm, did its most effective 
work for the overthrow of British supremacy 
and tyranny. 

Samuel Adams, was poor, so poor that his 
friends presented him with a suit of clothes 
when he was sent to Congress ; so poor that 
he barely saved his home from the clutches 
of men, who, not content with ruining his 
business, would take even the roof which 
sheltered his family. But though he had of 
this world's goods almost nothing, he had 
in his intellect abundant wealth. Probably 
there was no man in the colonies at any time 
before the Revolution with so much native 
ability in the direction of politics, so much 
of what Yankees have termed " longheaded- 
ness," with such an intimate knowledge of 
human nature as Samuel Adams. He read 
men as some people read books, and at the 

end of his reading he was 'seldom wrong in 
his estimate. 

Trained by years of patient work he was 
well fitted to lead the people of the colonies 
up to independence. It was upon him more 
than any other man that the English govern- 
ment rested the charge of inciting the colo- 
nies to revolt. And it is true. Long before 
the idea of independence had entered the 
minds of most men, Samuel Adams had 
clearly seen that it must be the outcome of 
the contest then being waged ; while others 
were temporizing and talking peace and re- 
lying on the clemency of the mother country, 
Adams was working incessantly to bring 
public opinion to the point where it would 
regard American independence as the one 
end and object of the controversy. Jefferson 
says of him, "if there was any Palinurus to 
the Revolution, Samuel Adams was the man." 
It was toward independence that he bent the 
powers of his mind, his logic, his oratory, 
his personal influence. 

As a speaker he was not showy. He 
could not be compared to John Adams. His 
voice trembled when he spoke, not because 
of fear but on account of physical infirmity. 
His voice was sometimes low and indistinct 
at the beginning of his remarks, but as he 
warmed to his subject it increased in volume 
and distinctness. " Samuel Adams, although 
not of fluent elocution, was so rigorously 
logical, so clear in his views, abundant in 
good sense, and master always of his sub- 
ject that he commanded the most profound 
attention whenever he rose in an assembly 
by which the froth of declamation was heard 
with the most sovereign contempt." 

During the Revolutionary war Samuel 
Adams was one of the firmest supporters of 
the colonial policy. When others doubted 
of final success he never did. When, after 
defeat, there were some who would fain give 
up the contest in despair, it was the voice 
and example of Samuel Adan:s that spurred 



them on to renewed efforts, and next to the 
immortal Washington we know of no man 
to whom more praise and honor should be 
ascribed. He lived to see the republic es- 
tablished on a firm basis and started on the 
road to prosperity and power which it has 
since followed. 

Bancroft says of him : " Samuel Adams, 
the helmsman of the Revolution at its origin, 
the truest representative of the home rule of 
Massachusetts in its town meetings and gen- 
eral Court." And Fiske says of him: "A 
man whom Plutarch, if he had only lived 
long enough would have delighted to include 
in his gallery of wortliies, — a man who in 
the history of the American Revolution 
is second only to Washington — Samuel 

After his funeral liis body was borne past 
the Old State House. " Had no occult sym- 
pathy established itself between the heart 
that had grown so still and the pile that rose 
so venerable in the twilight of the autumn 
day ? " Its chambers had heard the voice of no 
other statesman so often. They had received 
him in the vigor of manhood and the in- 
firmity of old age. 

He was buried in the Granary Burying 
Ground. His ashes lie almost under the 
feet of the throngs of passers-by and no stone 
marks the spot. 


Why does it haunt me, haunt me like this ? 

Two or three freckles, the sauciest nose, 
Lips like cherries and made to kiss. 

Kissed by others since, I suppose. 

Kissed by otliers since, I suppose. 

What does it matter? I had my share. 
Breezes and breezes fondle the rose. 

Tell me, for that is the rose less fair? 

Tell me, for that is the rose less fair ? 

One wind comes as another goes, — 
Ordo saedorum, why should I care ? 

Breezes and breezes fondle the rose. 

Lips like cherries and made to kiss. 

Two or three freckles, the sauciest nose, — 

Out on it ! why does it haunt me like this ? 
Kissed by others since, I suppose. 

— Harvard Advocate. 


The annual foot-ball rush took place Fri- 
day morning, September 21st. Brown was the 
first man to secure the ball, and he pluckily 
kept it for ten minutes. Overcome by the 
crowd he was compelled to let it go, and then 
the real rush began. For fifteen or twenty min- 
utes it was brisk and exciting. The ball 
was twice captured by the upperclassmen, 
but Foss finally secured the coveted prize, 
and it is now in his room. 

Rain in the afternoon prevented the foot- 
ball game, and it was postponed to Saturday 

Immediately after chapel, Saturday morn- 
ing, came the rope-pull. Clark, '89, was the 
referee. After breaking a couple of ropes 
the first pull was won by the Freshmen. 
The second was easily won by the Sopho- 
mores. Both parties now prepared for the 
third and last pull. Each was confident of 
victory. After a pull of one minute and a half 
the Freshmen succeeded in getting the Sophs 
on the run, and the rope-pull was theirs. 


Preparations were immediately made for 
the foot-ball game. Clark, '89, was referee, 
W. R. Smith, '90, was the Freshman judge, 
and Chandler, '90, the Sophomore judge. 
At a quarter of ten the Sophomores marched 
on to the field to the enlivening strains of 
" Phi Chi." The fantastic garb in which 
several of them were arrayed reminded one 
of a procession of " horribles." After the 
usual preliminary remarks to the Freshmen 
the game began. It was marked by the 
usual ebullition of class feeling, and the 
Sophomores showed signs of losing their 
temper once in a while, but on the whole it 



was a good game of foot-ball. From the 
start the Sophomores steadily gained on the 
Freshman territory. Only twice did the 
Freshmen succeed in regaining any of their 
lost ground. After about an hour and a half 
the Sof)homores made a successful rush and 
a lucky kick by Munsey sent the ball over 
the Freshman goal. The enthusiastic Sopho- 
mores bore Munsey and Chandler on their 
shoulders to the front of the chapel, where 
they were cheered to their hearts' content. 
The class was then photographed by Reed. 


Sophomores, 23; Freshmen, 0. 

The annual Freshman-Sophomore base- 
ball game resulted in a walk-over for the 
latter. The game was played in a drizzling 
rain which, together with the blood-curdling 
yells of '91, seemed to have a rather depress- 
ing effect upon the spirits of the Freshmen. 
They waged a plucky up-hill fight, however, 
and at no time lost heart. 

The battery work of Burleigh and Fish was 
of the first order; the game being practically 
played by them. Packard made a phenom- 
enal one-hand catch of a hot liner in the fifth. 

For '92 Downes supplied the place of 
Gateley in the box, and was very effective. 
Young did well behind the bat, and Wilson 
made some clean pick-ups at short. 

Although defeated, '92, should by no 
means get discouraged, for it must be re- 
membered that they were playing at every 
disadvantage and against a team that prob- 
ably would hold the entire college a good 
play. The score : 


A.E. E. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, lb 3 3 2 3 

Newman, l.f i 2 1 

Munsuy, c.f 3 2 1 

Fish, c 5 3 1 !) 3 

Bangs, 3b n 2 2 1 

Hilton, 2Ii 4 3 2 

Tukey, r.f 2 42 

Jordan, s.s 4 2 2 1 

Burleigh, p 4 2 1 1 9 

Totals, 34 23 14 15 12 


A.B. K. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Shay, r.f 2 1 

Wilson, s.s 2 2 2 

Cole, 3b 1 1 5 

Downes, p., lb 1 1 3 2 2 

Gould, l.f 2 1 

Durgin, c.f 2 

Gateley, p., lb 1 3 3 

Young, c 1 6 2 

Bartlett, 2b 1 1 2 3 

Totals 13 1 15 10 14 


12 3 4 5 

Sophomores, 14 3 3 1 2—23 

Freshmen, 0—0 

Doherty, '89, has been secretary of 
the Aroostook County Democratic Com- 
mittee during the summer. 

Freeman, '89, was captain of the 
Augusta nine dnring vacation, and Burleigh, '91, was 
pitcher on the same team. 

Manson, '89, and Powers, '91, have left college 
owing to trouble with their eyes. 

Shirley, ex-'89, has entered '90 at Dartmouth. 

Gates, '90, has left college to enter the coal and 
grain business with his brother in Central City, Ne- 

Field, '91, manipulates the tintinnabulum this 
term, vice Jackson, who is principal of the high 
school at Oakland. 

The visitors to the College Library during the 
jjast summer liave come from nearly every State and 
every large city in the country. Among them may 
be named Miss Sara Orne Jewett, Mrs. James T. 
Fields, Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge, Hon. A. VV. Tenney 
of New York, Prof. Egbert C. Smyth of Andover, 
Prof. A. S. Packard, the great naturalist. Rev. Dr. 
Joseph Packard, '31, Dean of the Episcopal Theolog- 
ical School of Virginia, Hon. Frederick H. Board- 
man, '09, and family, Minneapolis, Geo. G. Evans of 
the United States Mint, and daughter, Philadelphia, 



George T. Packard, '66, the Boslon journalist, Win. 
W. Ranney, instructor in Physical Culture at Wil- 
liams, and Arthur P. Dodge of Boston, proprietor of 
the New England Magazine. 

Marcellus Baker, the well known light weight 
wlio drifts over more country in a given time than 
any man in the business, is now in Houlton, where 
he is teaching a class in sparring. — Ex. 

The Glee Club gave a successful concert before 
the Chautauqua assembly at Fryeburg the last of 
July. President Hyde has appointed H. M. Nicker- 
son, M.S., instructor and leader of the club, and G. 
W. Hayes, '89, has been elected business agent. 

Mr. Henry Winkley of Philadelphia, who en- 
dowed the Latin chair, died about the middle of 
August, leaving Bowdoin $20,000 more. Professor 
Pease represented the college at his funeral. Mr. 
Winkley is one of our greatest benefactors, having 
given us $60,000 in all. 

William Seco, the well-remembered spittoneur, 
died August 19th. He had long been a scrofula suf- 
ferer, and broke his hip some two months previous 
to his death. 

For the first time in several years, instruction in 
all departments is now given by professors who have 
had more or less experience in teaching. Professor 
Lee has returned from his cruise and resumed the 
chair of biology and geology. Professor B. L. 
Bowen, late of Johns Hopkins, hears the French and 
some Latin. Mr. D. M. Cole, '88, is assistant to 
Professors Lee and Robinson. 

Mr. Robert Scott Thomes, ex-'88, now of the firm 
of Merrill, Thomes & Co., Portland, and Miss Viola 
B. Drummond of Waterville, were united in mar- 
riage at the residence of the bride's father, Everett 
R. Drummond, August 1, 1888. 

Professor Little, Miss Charlotte G. Lane, Good- 
win, '87, and Emery, '89, were employed on the 
library classification this summer. All the principal 
works, except religion, are now changed, and this 
department Weeks will finish during the winter. 
Briggs, '90, has charge of the loan department this 

Li the Sunday Olobe for September 23d, an article 
over the signature of Charles O. Stickney, dated at 
Bridgton, and illustrated with a respectable cut of 
Appleton Hall, tries to show that Mrs. Stowe wrote 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" in room 7 of that building. 
We do not know who this Mr. Stickney may be, nor 
■why he writes from Bridgton instead of Brunswick, 
but he evidently has as mistaken an idea of where 
the immortal tale was written as do many others. If 

it first saw light in any of the dormitories it must 
have been in South Maine, for an alumnus of the 
period avers that Dr. Stowe had the tutor's room in 
that end while Professor here. Others hold that the 
story was written in the upper part of General Cham- 
berlain's present residence. But the famous authoress 
herself, when approached as to the matter, replied 
as follows, and her original letter can be seen at the 
Brunswick Public Library : 

Aug. 30, 1887. 
Deak Sir: 

According to the memory oJ my children, which (as I 
am 76 years of age) is better tliau mine, " Uncle Tom's 
Cabin " was written in what was called the " Old Titcomb 
House" [on Federal Street. — Ed.] in Brunswick, Maine. 
Yours truly, H. B. Stowe. 

This certainly ought to settle the matter. 

Fifteen Sophs are rooming in South Appleton and 
somebody has adorned that end with the appropriate 
sign, " Hell." The north end of the building was of 
old dubbed "Paradise." 

Donworth, ex-'90, who went to West Point, stood 
eighteenth in order of general merit in a class of 
ninety-three at that institution last year. 

Mr. Whittier, and Mr. C. E. Adams, '84, Colby's 
gymnasium director, have been attending Dr. Sar- 
gent's summer school for physical culture at Harvard 
during vacation. 

Two circulars from a German bookseller were 
recently received at the Brunswick post-ofiSce, ad- 
dressed to the Athenasan and Peucinian societies of 
Bowdoin College ! 

The tennis courts have been the property of the 
Brunswick damsels during the summer, and were 
liberally patronized on fine days. The Crescent Club 
held a picnic and progressive tennis party on the 
campus the first of August. 

Adams, '89, is teaching at Bean's Corner; Harri- 
man, '89, at New Portland ; Hill, '89, at White Rock, 
Gorham ; Moody, '90, at Dresden Mills ; Turner, '90, 
at West Woolwich ; and Poor, '91, at Orrington. 

A Brown Memorial Scholarship has been awarded 
to Cutts, '91. 

Leary, '91, was successful in the spring examina- 
tions at West Point, and has entered '92 there. 

The summer's canvassers generally found "Hid- 
den Treasures " so deeply hidden that they failed to 
realize much of a bonanza. Parker, '91, was the 
boss canvasser, selling over 300 books. 

Mr. Harold Fletcher, a pi'ominent portrait painter 
of Boston, was busy for the two weeks just previous 
to the opening of the term restoring and re-hanging 



many of the paintings up in the Walker Gallery. 
He is the artist who was here two years ago on the 
same business. 

Bangs, of the Colby nine, and Newman, of the 
Bates, have entered Bowdoin, '91. 

While changing 10 North Maine into a student's 
room, this summer, the workmen found a badly mil- 
dewed copy of the Greek Historians, under one of 
the old benches. It belonged to Mr. Edward Stan- 
wood, '61, and must have been lost there when No. 
19 was used as the classical room, thirty years ago. 

When on your way to the post-offlce, drop into 
J. S. Towne's new store, next to Bracliett's, and try 
one of his delicious milk shakes. He is the only 
man in town who keeps them. 

Our list of the '86 men who received A.M. in 
course was published incorrectly in the Commence- 
ment OniENT. It should be : F. W. Alexander, F. 
I. Brown, O. R. Cook, F. W. Davis, H. N. Dunham, 
W. M. Fames, L. B. Folsora, N. B. Ford, E. W. 
Freeman, E. E,. Harding, J. F. Libby, J. S. Norton, 
J. A. Peters, Jr., A. W. Rogers, E. Thomas, F. N. 

The courses of instruction this year must be very 
satisfactory to all. The range of electives is more 
liberal than ever, and several in addition to those in the 
catalogue are provided for the upper classes. Profi 
Johnson, who now devotes his whole time to Ger- 
man, has Faust as a Senior elective, and Prof. Bowen, 
with entire charge of the French, offers miscellane- 
ous readings to the Juniors. Two new Senior elect- 
ives are Practical Physiology and Practical Physics. 
Political Economy is required this term in place of 
Geology, which will come during the winter. A 
Senior can now pursue a course of study in which 
there are no sciences or languages. 

The Sophs held a lively horn concert on the even- 
ing of Thursday, September 20th. They met copious 
showers at the various ends. Certain excited visit- 
ors caused the Sophoric wrath to rise, but no blood 
was spilled. 

At a meeting of the Base-Ball Association the fol- 
lowing officers were chosen : President, F. L. Sta- 
ples ; Vice-President, F. J. Allen ; Secretary-Treas- 
urer, W. L. Foss; Directors, M. A. Rice, G. F. Free 
man, H. S. Chapman. The directors have elected 
F. W. Freeman captain. 

The Young Men's Christian Association tendered 
an enjoyable reception at its rooms to the members 
of the Freshman class, a week ago Thursday even- 
ing. President Hyde and Professors Chapman and 
Smith gave addresses, and a collation was served, 
several new members have joined, and the Associa- 

tion enters on its fall work with every favorable out- 
look. The Maine Y. M. C. A. Convention is held 
here in Ihree weeks (October 25-28). 

A Republican Club has lately been formed, with 
the following officers: President, L. J. Bodge; 
Vice-President, F. L. Staples ; Secretary, C. H. Fogg; 
Treasurer, F. M. Russell ; Executive Committee, S. 
L. Fogg, G. T. Files, W. L. Foss. On the afternoon 
of the 26th the club gave Mr. Blaine a rousing re- 
ception at the depot. His name was .spelled out and 
the college cheer given, and calls made for a speech. 
From the vt-indow Mr. Blaine remarked that he was 
glad that not all of Bowdoin was for free trade. 
Being pressed for more than this, the " uncrowned 
king" came out on the car platform and said: 
" Young gentlemen, I have no speech to make fur- 
ther than to congratulate you on Iiaving the true po- 
litical belief, and on your enthusiasm in demonstrat- 
ing it." As Mr. Blaine bowed his thanks the train 
moved from the depot amid vociferous cheers. 

Brother Tenney, of the Telegraph, bursts out as fol- 
lows : "All Nonsense. The scheme started to hold 
a Maine Central Fair at Augusta. Three fairs for 
Maine will be quite as much of a dose as are three col- 
leges, one a mongrel affair." Which can he mean ? 

The Freshmen held a successful pea-nut drunk, 
Thursday night, September 20th. 

Topsham Fair, October 9-11. "Triangle" has 
been entered for the I'aces. 

During vacation more repairs than usual have 
been made upon the college buildings. All have re- 
ceived more or less painting, Massachusetts Hall 
having been wholly repainted outside. Two new 
student rooms have been built in North Winthrop, 
one in South, and two in North Maine, one of the 
latter being the old Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion quarters. This gives eighty-seven suites in the 
dormitories, all of which are now occupied. In the 
gymnasium forty new lockers have been added, 
making in all one hundred and six. The duplicate 
room of the library has been converted into a very 
light place, and more light thus furnished the South 
Wing, by changing the double doors on that side into 
a large window. A commodious nevcspaper case 
has also been built. The stairway to the chapel or. 
gan loft has been greatly improved, and in accord- 
ance with a suggestion made by the Okient last 
spring, the pulpit platform has a new carpet and a 
handsome black walnut pulpit. 

The college begins its eighty-seventh year with 
the following numbers : Seniors, 41 ; Juniors, 38 ; 
Sophomores, 58; Freshmen, 46; Specials, 2; total, 



';j5. — Rev. Stephen Allen, 
D.D., dii'd suddenly at 
Wintlirop. Rev. Mr. Allen was bom 
in Industrj', March 20, 1810. He was 
converted at Norridgewock in 1826. He 
was a graduate of Bowdoin College, class 
of '35, and taught the Bueksport High School be- 
foi-e he was licensed to exhort, in 18:50. While pur- 
suing theological studies in New York, he was 
admitted, on trial, in the Maine Conference, and im- 
mediately transferred to Black River Conference, 
where he was engaged as teacher for two years. In 
1839 he was transferred to Troy conference, and was 
teacher in the Troy Conference Academy until 1841, 
when he was elected principal of the Maine Wesleyan 
Seminary. In 1844 Mr. Allen was appointed to the 
Waterville mission, and thereafter was in active and 
effective service in the Methodist church until 1883, 
when he received supernumerary relation. He was ap- 
pointed financial agent of the Maine Wesleyan board 
of education in 1853, and held that office until 1866. 
He was also superintendent of the Maine Industrial 
School for Girls from 1876 to 1879, and presiding 
elder of the Augusta district from 1879 to 1883. He 
supplied at East Readfleld and at Auburn in 1883 
and 1884. He was three times a delegate to the 
General Conference, was a member of the book 
committee for four years, and of the committee 
on missions four years. For forty-six years he 
served on the board of trustees of the Maine Wes- 
leyan Seminary, and had been a member of the 
Maine board of education since its organization. 
Bowdoin College conferred upon him the degree of 
D.D. in 1869. 

'43. — Hon. George F. Choate of Salem, Mass., a 
leading member of Essex County bar, and for 
the last thirty years Judge of Probate of Essex 
County, died at Sharon Springs, N. Y., on the 11th 
inst., at the age of 66 years. Judge Choate was a 
native of the town of Essex, and graduated at 
Bowdoin College in the class of 1843, having among 
his classmates Hon. William U. Northend of Salem, 
Hon. Joseph Titcomb, the late Joseph Dane of 
Kennebunk, and the late Hon. Francis Loring Talbot 
of East Machias. He leaves a widow and several 
children. The former is the daughter of Dr. George 

Cogswell of Bradlbrd, and a sister of General Will- 
iam Cogswell of Salem, now member of Congress 
from the Essex district. Joseph II. Choate the emi- 
nent New York lawyer is his brother. 

'47. — The Rev. Charles H. Wheeler and wife, of 
Winchondon, were instantly killed at State Line 
Depot crossing, three miles from Winchendon, July 
10th. The rear of their carriage was struck by the 
locomotive of a heavy freight train. The Rev. 
Charles Henry Wheeler was vs'ell known and highly 
esteemed in Unitarian circles. He was a native of Sa- 
lem, Mass., where he was born in June, 1831, and was 
the son of the Rev. Dr. A. D. Wheeler. He graduated 
from Bowdoin College in 1817, and for a time was 
engaged in teaching at Westford Academy in this 
State. He then pursued a theological course of three 
years at the Harvard Divinity School, and perfected 
his education at the University of Gottingen, Ger- 
many. His first pastorate was at Peabody, Mass., 
but he soon accepted a call from the Winchendon 
Unitarian Church, and has filled the pulpit there for 
nearly a score of years. He married in 1854, Miss 
Ellen Gage, and leaves one son who is engaged in 
literary work. After years of hard labor in preaching 
upon a moderate salary, and supporting a family, a 
few months since Mr. Wheeler secured a bequest of 
$20,000 by the will of a deceased parishioner, and 
had reason to hope for greater comfort in his de- 
clining years ; but this hope was blasted in the awful 
accident which caused his death. The Lewision Jour- 
nal says that Mr. Wheeler was the youngest man ever 
graduated from Bowdoin. Rev. Charles Packard of 
the class of 1817, was sixteen, and Mr. William 
Widgery of the same class was fifteen years, at the 
time of graduating. 

'58. — Osceola Jackson of Brunswick, Me., died 
June 27, 1888, at Barracoa, West Coast of Africa. 
Osceola, the son of Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Jackson, was 
born at Worcester, Mass., December 16, 1836, so that 
at the time of his death he was a little over 51 years 
of age. The father removed to Topsham in 1850 
where he resided for three years, and then removed 
to Brunswick, where at present the family resides. 
Osceola Jackson entered Bowdoin College, and 
graduated with the class of 1858, Judge Nathan 
Cleaves, F. M. Drew, E. B. Nealley, being among his 
classmates. Subsequently Mr. Jackson married 
Miss Emma Forsaith of this town by whom he had 
one child, S. R. Jackson, 2d. The first Mrs. Jackson 
died many years since. After some years Mr. Jack- 
son married again and leaves a widow and a 
daughter, a young lady grown. For several years 
Mr. Jackson had been in the service of Messrs. Yates 



& Porterfield, of New York, merchants largely en- 
gaged in African trade, and was in charge of large 

'66. — A handsome memorial tablet has recently 
been placed in position in the military chapel at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas. It consists of two polished 
brass shields engraved with the memoi'ial inscriptions 
as given below, and placed against a background of 
gray Champlain marble. On one shield the inscrip- 
tion reads : "In memory of First Lieutenant George 
E. Lord, Assistant Surgeon, killed in action with 
Sioux Indians, Little Big Horn Kiver, Montana, June 
25, 1876." 

'70. — D. A. Alexander, candidate Harrison's pri- 
vate secretary, is a graduate of Bowdoin College, and 
originally from Erie, Penn. He went from Indiana 
as a school teacher, and first taught in the public 
schools of Fort Wayne. He afterwards became one 
of the editors and ijroprietors of the Fori Wayne 
Qazetle, and then went from journalism into law, 
settling at Indiana^solis. He was under the Garfield 
administration fifth comptroller of the treasury. 

'77. — Rev. William F. Ayer is now rector of the 
Chapel of the Holy Communion, Twenty-seventh and 
Wharton Streets, Philadelphia. His residence and 
postal address is 225 South 33d Street, Philadelphia. 

'77.— In Washington, D. C, on August 11, 1888, 
Lieutenant Robert E. Peary, U. S. N., married Miss 
Josephine, daughter of Mrs. M. Diebitsch, of Wash- 

'78. — A. E. Burton is professor of engineering at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he 
is a very successful and popular instructor. Mr. 
Burton was formerly connected with the United 
States coast survey, a position which he gained by 
competitive examination. He is an exceptionally 
fine draughtsman, and aman of most studious habits. 
While in college he was a quiet, unobtrusive man 
and a great student. Mr. Burton resides at Jamaica 

'80. — Superintendent A. M. Edwards, of the Lew- 
iston public schools, is having excellent success in 
selling his language chart. It has been introduced 
into the schools of Portland, Biddeford, Saco, Lisbon, 
and other places. It fills a long-felt need in primary, 
intermediate, and country schools, and merits a wide 
and extensive sale. 

'81. — G. F. Manson is a successful young legal 
light in the Ilemenway building, Boston. Imme- 
diately after graduation he traveled extensively in 
Europe, after which he graduated at the Boston Law 
School, and immediately put out his shingle. Mr. 
Manson was recently indentified with the Stain- 
Cromwell case as counsel for the New York World, 

and in fact may be considered the legal adviser in 
Boston, for the World, on many subjects. He is also 
counsel for several large ship-owners and builders of 
Bath, Me. He has been assessor in Ward 10, and 
may be considered one of the most successful of 
Bowdoin's younger men in Boston. 

'84. — One of the most fashionable weddings of 
the season in Sagadahoc County, was celebrated, 
Wednesday evening, at East Bowdoinham, at the res- 
idence of William K. Maxwell, in the marriage of 
their daughter, Frances, to Mr. Herbert P. Kendall 
of Bowdoinham, cashier of the Village National 
Bank. The wedding was at 9 o'clock in the evening, 
and was attended by guests from New York, Boston, 
Portland, Brunswick, Bath, Richmond, Gardiner, and 
Lewiston. About one hundred were present. The 
ceremony was performed by Professor Henry L. 
Chapman of Bowdoin College. 

'85. — L. B. Folsom was married July 11th, in 
New York, to Miss M. Eva Bosserman of Chicago. 

'85. — N. B. Ford received the degree of M.D. at 
the Boston University Medical School, June 26, 

'87.— Mr. M. H. Boutelle, formerly of Bangor, 
has successful!}' passed his examination for admis- 
sion to the bar in Minneapolis, Minn. Having read 
a good deal of law during the latter portion of his 
college course, he was enabled by hard work to take 
his examination earlier than would otherwise have 
been possible. A Minneapolis paper says : "The ex- 
amination was very thorough, and the candidates 
appeared to acquit themselves with ability. Mr. 
Boutelle made an especially good record." 

Bartlett has been appointed principal of the Free- 
port High School. 

Black is in business at his home in Hammonton, 

Bradford is studying medicine at the Portland 
School for Medical Instruction. 

Brown is in Brunswick at the present time, but 
will shortly return to his home in the West. 

Card is studying Law in Gorham, Maine. 

Cary occupies a position in the National Bank at 

Carruthers is teaching in Freeport. 

Chapman and Shaw have accepted positions in a 
bank in Kansas City. 

Cole occupies the position of assistant in Chem- 
istry in this college. 

Doolittle is tutor in Fisk Institute, Worcester, 

. Dresser is principal of the Gould Academy, 
Bethel, with Linscott as his assistant. 



Goding is principal of the Higli School in Alfred. 

Hall is at his home in Richmond, studying law. 

Hill is principal of the High School at Pembroke, 

Ingalls is at his home in Bridgton, Maine. 

Larrabee has been engaged as principal of the 
new High School at Buxton. 

Marston is principal of the Standish High School. 

Maxwell is in business in Boston. 

Meserve is principal of the High Scliool at 

Shorey is on the editorial staff of the Bridgton 

M. P. Smithwick is principal of the High School 
in Vinalhaven, Me. 

F. L. Smithwick is in the apothecary business in 

Tolman is pursuing post-graduates in English 
Literature at Harvard. 

Williamson is city editor of the Kennebec Journal. 

Woodman is professor in Latin at Thayer Acad- 
emy, Braintree, Mass. 



Again the class of 1880 are called to mourn. Our 
classmate, Roswell Chase Gilbert, died October 26, 
1887, in Turner, Me., the place of his birth, aged 

Therefore, Be it resolved, that by his death we 
have lost a brother who, though he was with us dur- 
ing only the last year of our college course, soon 
found a place in our esteem, which, as we became 
acquainted with his cheerful and happy disposition, 
kindly nature, and upright character, deepened to 
affection. We assure his parents and relatives of 
our warmest sympathy, and leave the rest to the gen- 
tle hands of time and love. 

Feed. Odell Con ant, 

Walter P. Perkins, 

A. M. Edwards, 

CommiUee of the Class of 1880. 
Brunswick, June 28, 1888. 

C. D. Todd of the University of Worcester, O., 
was awarded the highest prize — $250 — offered by the 
Protective Tariff" League to Seniors of American col- 
leges for best essay on the necessity of a protective 
tariff; King, University of Kansas, 2d, $100; Sully, 
Bucknell University, 3d, $.50. Almost all the col- 
leges were represented in the competition. — Ex. 

The Imperial University of Japan has the only 
department of Sanitary Engineering in the world. 

In Michigan University a course has been estab- 
lished in the art of writing plays for the stage. — Ex. 

Among the 559 women who have graduated from 
the fourteen leading women's colleges and semina- 
ries in this country, only 177 are married. — Aegis. 

"Fain would I write a poem on the delights of 
fishing ; but, ah, me ! I caunot find a word to rhyme 
with ' angleworm,' " sighed Pisistratus, as he gazed 
thoughtfully into the dark, sullen waters. " But why 
must you put that word at the end of a line ? " 
queried Eucalyptus. "Because an angleworm is 
always at the end of a line," hissed Pisistratus be- 
tween his set teeth; and for a long time it was so 
still that one could distinctly hear a peach blow. — Ex. 

Out of Yale's list of graduates, ninety-two have 
become college presidents. 

In olden times men studied hard, 
For " trots " were then unknown. 

And wlien examination came 
They were but skin and hone. 

But now for lessons rarely conned 
The trembling " birds " atone, 

And if they pass the Jane exams. 
'Twill be mere skin and Bohn. 

— Yale Record. 

Prof. G. — "Mr. R., give me an example of induc- 
tion." Mr. R. — " Suppose a man should die for five 

successive Saturdays " Class smiles aloud, and 

Prof. G. asks — "Do you mean that he would be 
buried also each time he dies ? " Mr. R. afterwards 
explains that a man might become intoxicated and 
"dye" the town crimson for five successive Satur- 
days. — Michigan Argonaut. 

Last spring tlie students of Union College threat- 
ened to withdraw en masse if the President's chair, 
then vacant for four years, was not soon filled. 
Union now has a president, Prof. Webster of Roch- 
ester, whose election was joyfully ratified by the 



students. The}' voted to cut recitations for a 
as an expression of their approval. — Ex. 

A Tvitching, Tjlushing damsel she, 

The fairest in a " tony " choir — 
"Which chanted forth rich melody, 

To heart and soul inspire. 

In vain each dude used all his art§. 

That one sweet smile might on him fall; 

She beamed and smiled on one alone— 
A youth scarce five feet tall. 

And when remonstrance was applied — 
Why smiles on him alone should rest, 

She said, " A cute short metre him 
Had always pleased her best." 

— Yale Record. 

Professor Patton, recently elected President of 
Princeton, is a British subject who has never sought 
naturalization in this country. — Harper^s Weekly. 

The Yale reading-room subscribes for 190 period- 
icals and papers. The greatest demand of the 
readers is for the illustrated papers in this order — 
Puck, Life, Harper's Weekly. — Ex. 


Justice A Healing Power. By M. J. Barnett. Bos- 
ton, H. H. Carter and Karrick, 1SS8. Pamphlet, 12 
mo. pp. 27, 25c. 

This essay was written by one of those who be- 
lieve that a lapse in virtue induces an attacli of 
disease. The spirit of the production is fanatic, and 
it is scarcely worth reading, except as a matter of 

Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
Langdage, NVith Illustrations. Vol. 'i. Artemi- 
sia TO Baptisia. New York, John B. Alden, 1887. 
12 mo. pp. 031. 

The third volumu of this popular cyclopedia lies 
upon our desk. Previous occasion has been given 
for mention of it in these columns, and the favorable 
notice then accorded it has been largely duplicated 
by the press and by private individuals. The present 
volume continues the work already so well begun by 
the two preceding i(. The Cyclopedia is in all re- 
spects a good one, and if the series be completed 
after the present style, the publication will certainly 
be creditable to Alden's "literary revolution." 


OF Jones, Leiqhton and Collar, and Daniell. By 

Benj. L. D'Ooge, M.D. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co. 

1888. 12 mo. pp. 81. 30c. 

As an aid in rendering the study of Latin interest- 
ing to beginners, this book is very good. It is to be 
used in connection with the " beginner's books of 
Jones, Leighton and Collar, and Daniell." To the 
first two of these it would doubtless pi'ove an advtin- 
tageous supplement, but it would hardly be of serv- 
ice, combined with the third, as Collar and Daniell's 
text-book contains in itself virtually the same subject 


Senator Sherman, in his recent speech on the iish- 
ery treaty, quoting from Washington's Farewell Ad- 
dress, said that this address " ought to be circulated, 
like the Declaration of Independence, the Ordinance 
of 1787, and the Constitution of the United States," 
among the American people. The directors of the 
Old South Studies in History and Politics have incor- 
porated all tliese documents in their new general series 
of Old South Leaflets, published by D. C. Heath & 
Co., of Boston, so that everybody can now have them 
for a few cents. The Constitution of Ohio has also 
just been added to this series of Old South Leaflets. 

Rev. Lyman Abbott, D.D., Mr. Beecher's succes- 
sor in the Plymouth pulpit, editor of the Christian 
Unio7i, formerly literary editor of Harper^s Monthly 
and author of various books, amongst them a Life of 
Christ and a Dictionary of Religious Knowledge, is 
writing a commentary upon the New Testament for 
Christian workers. He has completed ]\lalthew, 
IVIark, and Luke, John and the Acts, in four volumes. 
He has now finished the Romans, which is issued from 
the press of A. S. Barnes & Co. It is a small octavo 
volume of 240 pages, on excellent paper and with 
a number of fine illustrations made for the book. 

D. C. Heath & Co. will issue before October 1st, 
"Goethe's Torquato Tasso," edited by Calvin Thomas, 
Professor of Germanic Languages at the University 
of iMiohigan. 2.50 pp. cloth. This is an edition of 
one of the most important and charactei'istic works 
of Germany's greatest jjoet. An introduction of 
sixty pages discusses fully the growth of the drama 
and its ethical importance. The full notes are meant 
not for beginners but for those students who have 
acquired an interest in the better German literature. 
The work is scholarly and a valuable addition to the 
list of (iernian texts for higher schools. 

Lothrop & Co. are publishers of a beautiful 
edition of Jowett's translation of Thucydides with 
an introduction by A. P. Peabody, LL.D. 



Vol. XVIII. 

No. 7. 




F. L. Staples, 'S!), Managing Editor. 
O. P. Watts, '8Ii, Business Editor. 

W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. 0. Spillane, '90. 

Per annuni, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents- 

Extra copies cau be obtai iied at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Cora- 
muDications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-OIfics at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 7.-Octobek 17, 1888. 

To the Sea, 101 

Editorial Notes, 101 

Pro, 103 

Horace: Book I., Ode V,, 104 

Teaching, lOi 

Our Political Clubs 105 

William D. Howells, 105 

Base-Ball, 106 

Collegii Tabula 107 

Personal, 109 

In Memoriam, Ill 

College World, Ill 

Book Reviews, 112 


Soft is thy rest, O silent sea. 

To thy farthest moonlit rim 

There comes no sign nor sound to me, 

Save that eternal hymn 

Which in the dim age of thy birth 

God taught thee how to sing 

O'er watching night and the sleeping earth, 

As through their course they swing. 

Sweet is thy light, O silver sea. 
Under the cold cloud bars 
The moon's broad glory seems to me 
The pathway to the stars. 

— The Dartmouth. 

Tlie editor of the Rockland Opin- 
ion seems to be in a very frantic and chaotic 
state of mind, if we may judge from an 
article which appeared recentlj^ in that paper. 
The immediate cause of this state of the 
editor's brain it is difficult to find. He seems 
to labor under the delusion that President 
Hyde has been terribly insulted by the Re- 
publicans of this college. Without being 
able, apparently, to separate facts from a 
distorted imagination, he calls on the Demo- 
crats of the college to organize, and advises 
them " to stand no more bulldozing." 

It might possibly be a profitable experi- 
ence for the writer of the above to come to 
Bowdoin and investigate some of these 
alleged "insults," and find out how much 
" bulldozing " is really carried on here. 

" Intoxicated by the exuberance of his own 
verbosity " he apparently takes Bowdoin Col- 
lege for Mississippi, and we would respect- 
fully suggest to our esteemed contemporary 
that such a fanatical and incendiary article 
would look much better in a Mississippi 
newspaper than in the columns of a respect- 
able Maine journal. 

" The next man who tries it " (bulldoz- 
ing), " whether Prof., student, or Brunswick 
rough should be put under the pump. And 
we believe the Democratic students there, 
though in a minority, have got the muscle 
and the nerve to do it, and to clean out the 



whole Federal-Whig-Black-Republican she- 
bang, too." Such language as this, to quote 
a Democratic student, "is an insult to the 
intelligence of the college." 

The practice of putting the Professors 
under the pump has quite gone out of fashion 
here, and when a student feels the exhila- 
rating effects of precipitated humidity it is 
always for some other cause than his politi- 
cal opinions. 

As a matter of fact the President has 
been subjected to no insults by the Republi- 
cans of the college. They may differ from 
his political views but a difference of opinion 
has yet to be recognized as an insult. And 
among the students, too, there is the most 
perfect harmony and the campaign clubs 
have yet to stir up the slightest animosity 
among those of different political views. 
Each respects the opinions of the other, rec- 
ognizing the fact that the Bowdoin student, 
be he Democrat or Republican, is first of all 
a gentleman. 

And it may be a source of satisfaction to 
our esteemed contemporary to know that 
the Democrats of this college repudiate his 
methods of reform. There is not one who 
can honestly say that he is or has been "in- 
sulted " or " bulldozed." 

The Orient is not a political paper, and 
it is very seldom that politics are mentioned 
in its columns. We think we owe an apol- 
ogy to our readers for taking cognizance of 
this item from the Opinion, but giving as it 
does an entirely false view of certain matters 
connected with the college, we thought it 
well to notice it thus briefly. 

have no doubt that the general public will 
find it not devoid of interest. 

The New York Mail and Express has in- 
augurated a new departure in giving to its 
patrons every Wednesday a column of col- 
lege news. The Mail and Express has cor- 
respondents in all colleges of importance, 
and matters of general college interest will 
be discussed. This column cannot help being 
especially interesting to college men, and we 

Some papers in the State are circulating 
the report that a certain student was induced 
to leave Colby and come here by means of 
liberal pecuniary rewards. According to this 
story the President offered the man fifty dol- 
lars, which by telegram he finally increased 
to one hundred. For the benefit of those 
who, having heard only one side of the story 
may give credence to it, we will briefly notice 
the facts. 

The gentleman in question passed his 
examinations for this college last June. He 
brought letters of recommendation from the 
pastor of a church in his city, and from the 
principal of the school where he fitted. He 
arrived here at the beginning, or shortly 
after the beginning, of the present term. 
Soon after he had the misfortune to lose, 
as he said, a sum of money, thirty-five 
dollars being the amount, we think. As 
he was in rather straitened circumstances it 
was a very serious loss, and he left for home, 
having decided to give up his college course 
altogether. This being brought to the atten- 
tion of President Hyde he wrote to the 
young man offering to make up his loss pro- 
vided it did not exceed fifty dollars. The 
college it will be noticed did not offer to 
make it up, but the President personally. It 
was simply an act of voluntary kindness on 
the part of the President, by which a young 
man was to get a college education, for he 
had thought it necessary on account of his 
loss to give up altogether his plan of educat- 
ing himself. After leaving Brunswick he 
visited Waterville, but for some reason or 
other did not see fit to take the course at 
Colby. While he was in Waterville he 
showed a letter, according to the Waterville 
Mail, which, he said he had received from 
President Hyde, in which he was offered a 
scholarship and fifty dollars in cash if he 



would come to Bowdoin. If he showed such 
a letter it must have been . a forgery, for we 
have the word of the President that he never 
wrote such a letter. 

Bowdoin is not so hard pressed for men 
that she has to hire them to come here, and 
if the young man in question has no higher 
sense of honor than to take the course which 
the Waterville Mail declares he did take, he 
will find life at some other college far more 
enjoyable than he would here. 

It has been projiosed that a debating club 
be organized this fall by the Senior class. 
The idea seems to be gaining favor, and it is 
very likely that such an organization may be 
effected. It seems to us that it could not 
help being productive of good results. There 
are questions arising every day in the differ- 
ent departments of study on which there is 
wide diversity of opinion. The discussion 
of these questions might clear up some of 
the difBculties attending their solution, and 
at any rate would result in a better under- 
standing of the grounds on which these 
opinions rest. 

But it seems to us that a still better plan 
would be to form a club out of the upper 
classes and make the organization permanent 
by electing to membership from year to year 
such persons as may be deemed best quali- 

And then it might profitably be made 
more than a debating club by including in 
the programme, essays, speeches, etc., the 
results of our own independent thinking. It 
is said, and we believe justly, that there has 
been a decline in power of declamation and 
in original thought in the American under- 
graduate in the last generation. That this 
condition of things, as far as this college is 
concerned, might be remedied, we advocate 
the formation of such a club. 

With the Athenpeau and Peucinian socie- 
ties went an interest in rhetorical exercises 

and debating, which the Greek letter socie- 
ties have never been able to fully recall. 

Other colleges have such organizations 
as the one proposed, and on the whole they 
are attended with the best results, and if 
Bowdoin hopes to retain the place she has 
made for herself in the past she must see to 
it that her students develop their powers of 
original thought and composition. In what 
better way can this be brought about than 
by the plan proposed ? 


In an article entitled " Consultation After 
Hecitation," which appeared in a recent 
number of the Orient, the writer endeav- 
ors to set forth the unfairness of the custom 
of seeking information after the recitation 

Let us examine into the merits of the 
case. That a prejudice exists is no argu- 
ment either in favor of or against it. The 
time of recitation is, essentially, the common 
property of the whole class, and as soon as 
any individual attempts to monopolize it by 
questions which are of no assistance to the 
class in general, however important they 
may be to himself, he is infringing upon the 
rights of others and is appropriating time 
which does not belong to him. 

As the greater part of our professors 
have expressed their willingness to render 
individual assistance, it is obviously the ap- 
propriate time for those students to obtain that 
assistance, who, either by reason of insuffi- 
cient preparation for college, or otherwise, 
meet with difficulties in their work. The 
most important function of a college profes- 
sor is to impart knowledge and, so far as 
possible, to supply the individual needs of 
the student, and it is at the discretion of the 
professor how they shall be supplied. Al- 
though we have passed our nursery days 
there are times when the best of us find that 
we are not wholly self-sufficient. 



Let us not then invite comparison be- 
tween ourselves and be like the dog in the 
fable, who, not desiring to eat hay him- 
self, stood in the manger frightening away 
the hungry cattle. 


What graceful youth, with liquid scents perfumed, 

By smouldering fires of youthful love consumed, 

Woos thee, fair Pyrrha, in thy rosy bower, 

'Mid leafy vines and many a fragrant flower ? 

For whom thy golden locks dost thou confine 

With simple grace and artless care divine ? 

Alas, how oft will he his faith deplore ; 

How many times the hostile gods adore, 

And ingnorant of Fortune's thorny side, 

Will view with awe the raging winds and swelling 

tide : 
Who now is happy in thy golden smile, 
And, trusting, thinks thee always free from guile ? 
Unhappy youth, for whom thy beauties shine, 
I, with votive tablet on the sacred shrine. 
Have placed my garments dripping with the sea, 
A humble oftering, O Mighty God, to thee. 



Many of the students avail themselves 
of this means for financial aid to complete 
their course. Also as graduates, many apply 
themselves to teaching as a stepping stone 
to some other profession. This is, then, a 
subject that needs our careful consideration. 
If a man wishes to became a lawyer he con- 
nects himself with some law school or re- 
ceives private guidance to that end; or if 
a man wishes to study medicine he attends a 
medical school and studies under persons 
skilled in the profession of medicine. When 
his studies are pursued to a sufficient degree 
he is recognized as a professional man. Then 
he is at liberty to begin his practice. How 
is it with the man who teaches? There 
seems to be a popular opinion handed down 
from the past that any one who has been 
through a course in some school and who 
can in any way get a certificate is fit to teach. 

There are many reasons why it is only 

one in every ten of the 300,000 teachers in 
our country that receive a professional train- 
ing. First, there are no professorships of 
pedagogy teaching in our country except in 
a few colleges and universities. And there 
are many men and women who have made 
teaching their life work ; but they have 
little or no legal recognition as professional 

Secondly, in almost every State in the 
Union, law requires that teachers shall be ap- 
pointed annually "for the term of one year." 
But in no state does it require any profes- 
sional training whatever, as a prerequisite for 
teaching a common school one year. 

It is not possible to dignify as a profes- 
sion an occupation in which men and women 
are subject to annual loss of place at the 
caprice of ever-changing school boards. 

Among other reasons are the short terms 
of our common schools, the low rates of 
teachers' salaries, and the almost total lack 
of any discrimination in wages between 
trained teachers and raw recruits. 

In our own State much has been done in 
the last few years to raise the standard of 
teaching, by the earnest efforts and the 
judicious care of our state superintendent 
of schools. Many of our towns have done 
away with the old " district system," and 
have adopted the " town system." 

As soon as the advantages of the town 
system becomes apparent to all — which is 
only a question of time — there will follow a 
demand for trained teachers. This is shown 
in some of our large cities, as Portland for 
instance, where a greater care is being taken 
in the supervision of the schools than ever be- 

It is true that one cannot teach what he 
does not know ; so a knowledge of the sub- 
ject is the first requisite. But it is equally 
true that the best teacher is not the one who 
has devoured the most books, but the one 
who can kindle young hearts into enthusiasm 



by a spark of electric fire from his own 

As there is an art of school teaching, 
there are also underlying principles — laws 
based upon a scientific knowledge of the nat- 
ure of the one instructed. Many books 
are written on these principles ; as Gold- 
smith says: "Few subjects have been more 
frequently written upon than the education 
of youth." 

There are also advancements and im- 
provements being made constantly in the 
methods of teaching. The student who in- 
tends to teach ought for these reasons to 
keep up with the times. Several books 
might be suggested as an aid in teaching. 
For practical work perhaps the " Method of 
Teaching," by John .Swett, is as good as any; 
besides, " The Science and Art of Teaching," 
by Spencer, Bains, Currie, Russell, Page, and 
others. Also access to educational news- 
papers like the Educational Journal is of great 
advantage. Goodridge says : 
"O wayward childhood wouldst thou hold firm rule ; 

And Sun tbee in the light of happy faces ; 

Love, truth, and patience, tliese must be thy graces ; 

And in thine own heart must they first keep school.' 


There is no more healthy indication of 
national prosperity than that of educated 
young men taking an active interest in poli- 
tics. Many of us have already assumed the 
responsibility of American citizenship, and 
to the thoughtful and patriotic mind this is 
a responsibility of no small weight. But, 
whether voters or not, we are supposed as 
college men to have opinions. 

Perhaps there may be in the lives of 
some a time when the scales of belief are 
balanced, but this moment must be of short 
duration. Practically there is no such thing 
as being " on the fence." Now, since par- 
ties, with all their attendant evils, are the 
only safeguards of national purity, and have 
been recommended as such by Washington 

and all succeeding statesmen ; and since 
every one has a balance of conviction in one 
way or the other, it seems a logical conclu- 
sion that each one should identify himself 
with one of the three political parties. An 
opportunity to do this is offered to nearly 
all of us in the two college clubs, and those 
who fail to embrace it at this time of politi- 
cal enthusiasm are false to their own inter- 
ests and to their duty as educated young 

These clubs possess still another advan- 
tage, and one which is entirely outside the 
sphere of politics. On account of the arti- 
ficial barriers which are erected by secret socie- 
ties, the mutual discussions of extra-college 
questions is much restricted. The beliefs of 
other society men are hardly known to us. 
Many students of superior talent and inde- 
pendence of thought have no opportunity 
to measure one another's ability, or to asso- 
ciate kindred ideas. In a properly-conducted 
political club many of these disadvantages 
can be obviated. It forms a new bond of 
common interest and brings us in contact 
with minds and characters from whom the 
associations of class and society and the lo- 
cality of rooms seems to exclude us. 

There are, however, considerable portions 
of both the Democratic and Republican 
parties in college who have not joined either 
club. It is to be hoped that every student 
will unite with the organization of his re- 
spective party, and that both will be thor- 
oughly successful. 

Probably there is no writer of this or any 
other age about whom even the best of crit- 
ics hold such a diversity of opinions, as about 
Mr. Howells, and in face of this it seems 
presumptuous for a college student to dis- 
cuss him at all. Since he proclaims himself 
by his novels and in his critiques a follower 
of the realistic school of fiction, discussion 



of his merits is really but arguing the fro et 
contra of realism. For it is conceded by all 
that Mr. Howells writes good realism ; barring 
a few prosy, interminable conversations, his 
realistic society novels are entertaining read- 
ing. Yet their continual perusal palls. The 
characters are all cleverlj' sketched true to 
life without doubt, but their existence moves 
on with the drear monotony that humdrum, 
every-day life has, and we soon long for 
something more exciting. Mr. H. Rider 
Haggard recently obtained some hold on 
popular approval by going to the farthest 
extreme from Mr. Howells, but his sensation- 
alism is not to be regarded as the only fit 
style of story telling any more than the 
latter's realism. One narrates the manifestly 
impossible ; the other only the possible. 
Would it not be much better to adopt the 
"golden mean" as a standard for fiction? 
Some of the best stories and novels ever 
written are improbable, not impossible, and 
yet have a slight artistic blending of realism. 
Such are : Hale's " Man Without a Country," 
Aldrich's " Marjorie Daw " (called the best 
two short stories by American writers), Stock- 
ton's works, or at least some of them, and 
many of Poe's tales. These authors' names 
are some of the most illustrious in our liter- 
ature, yet they are not realists. It is un- 
likely that Mr. Howells will ultimately be 
called the king of English writing novelists, 
as one ardent enthusiast dubs him ; sober, 
weighty judgment of the future will assign 
him a high place, probably, but not the high- 
est among writers of fiction. 

William D. Howells's style of Avriting is 
peculiar. He uses language in a singular 
manner, quite inimitable and indescribable. 
His words and phrases are " pat," as we say. 
He presents old and common-place ideas in 
such a changed garb as to appear new and 
interesting. His novel, yet correct, use of 
verbs, adjectives, and epithets is surprising. 
He is a devout believer in the beauty of 

periodic sentences, and studies to use them 
in every instance ; they make his style lit- 
erary. They also make it tiresome. He 
should, occasionally, sprinkle in a few loose 
sentences, tiresome, too, used exclusively, 
here and there to vary periodicity's monot- 
ony. Like many a literary man of the day 
who writes to kill space and make money, 
Mr. Howells has a faculty for investing 
nothing and nothings with a charm, and this 
because he so well knows how to use his 
mother tongue. However we may differ 
from this author on the question of realism, 
we shall have to admit that he can hold our 
attention in his writings, and express his 
thoughts as gracefully as any of the greatest 
masters of the Queen's English. 


Following are the scores of the Bowdoin- 
Bates and Bowdoin- Colby games, played 
October 6th and October 10th, respectively : 

Bates, 9 ; Bowdoin, 4. 

A.E. R. iB. T.B. S.B. P.O. A. 

Pennell, 2b. ... 6 

Graves, 3b 5 

Gilmore, lb. ... 5 

Wilson, p 5 

Daggett, r. f . . . .4 

Call, c 4 

Putnam, 1. f. . . . 5 

Little, c. f. . . " . 5 

Day, s. s 4 





43 9 12 15 i) 27 16 7 

Packard, lb. 
Freeman, c. 
Fogg, 1. f. . 
Fish, 2b. . 
Hilton, 3b. . 
Tukey, c. f. 
Russell, r. f. 
Bangs, s. s. . 
Burleigh, p. 

Totals, . 


A.B. R. iB. T.B. S.B. P.O. 

1 15 


.38 4 7 8 6 27 20 8 


12 3 45 789 
,...00102024 0—9 
....02020000 0—4 


Earned runs — Bates, 4; Bowdoin, 2. Two-base bits 
— Bangs; Daggett. Three-base hit— Pennell. Double 
plays— Little, Pennell, and Graves; Fish and Packard. 
Base on balls— Call. Hit by pitched ball— Daggett; Day. 
Passed balls— Call, 2; Freeman, 2. Time of game— 2 
hours 15 minutes. Umpire — Cole. 



Colby, 8; Boivdoin., 3. 


Wagg, 2b 4 

Parsons, p 5 

Gilmore, lb. ... 4 

Boberts, c. f. . . . 5 

Bonney, 3b. ... 5 

Merrill, 1. f. ... 4 

Purington, s. s. . . 3 

Kalloch, r. 1. ... 4 

Foster, c 4 

T.B. s.B. P.O. A. E. 

12 2 

13 2 8 1 



1 10 

Totals, .... 38 8 6 6 9 *26 
*W. Hilton out forrunaing out ot base line. 

Packard, lb. 
Freeman, 2b. 
Fish,c. . . 
Tukey, r. f . . 
Tbompson, p. 
Hilton, W., 3b 
Russell, 1. f., 
Spillane, s. s. 
Hilton, E., c.f, 

K. iB. 

1 10 


Colby, . 


12 3 4 

6 7 8 9 
3 2 X— 8 
2 0—3 

Earned runs — Colby, 1. Double plays— Tbompson and 
W. Hilton. Base on balls — Wagg; Packard; Hilton, 
"W., (2); Spillane. Hit by pitched ball — Gilmore; Pur- 
ington. Passed balls — Foster, 2. Wild pitches — Thomp- 
son, 2. Time o£ game — 1 hour 55 minutes. Umpire — Lar- 

" O tell me truly. Sophomore, 
Of all the studied college lore, 
01 all the branches you pursue, 
"What is the greatest grind for you ' 
Physics, or Rhetoric, or Greek, 
Latin or Math ematix ? Speak." 

The student turned with lazy grace, 
A scornful smile upon his face. 
He winked a wink from his wily eye, 
And to me made this brief reply : 

' Physics and Rhetoric," quoth he, 
' Latin and Greek ne'er trouble me. 

But since my greatest grind you ask, 

I'll say 'tis not an easy task 

" When I the last exams. 

Have failed to pass. 
To make the Pater think 

I lead my class." 

A foot-ball revival is in progress, and after a 
lapse of two years, the south campus is alive every 
afternoon with merry kickers. "Rugby" is being 
attempted, and it is not unlikely an eleven may be 

A Democratic club has been organized, with the 
following officers : President, J. L. Doherty ; Vice- 
President, G. B. Chandler; Secretary, G. A. Tol- 
man ; Treasurer, J. M. Hastings ; Executive Com- 
mittee, V. O. White, W. R. Hunt, F. P. Morse, V. V. 
Thompson, E. H. Newbegin. 

A handsome new desk has been placed in Profes- 
sor Little's office in the library. 

President Hyde has prepared a study of "The 
Country College " for the December Atlantic, and not 
a series of articles on Bowdoin for that magazine, as 

The first dance of the season occurred in the 
Court Room the 3d. 

Rev. Mr. Folsom of Bath addressed the students 
at Chapel, Sunday, October 7th. 

The College Jury is constituted this year as fol- 
lows : '89, Carroll ; '90, V. V. Thompson ; '91, Jor- 
dan; '92, Gurney; A. A. *., W. R. Smith; t. T., 
C.H.Fogg; A.K. E.,Owen; Z. *., Staples ; 9. A. X., 
F. M. Russell. At the first meeting, October 2d, an 
organization was efiected, with Carroll as foreman 
and Jordan, secretary. 

Ernest L. Bartlett, formerly of '87, has joined '90. 

The class officers for this term are : Seniors, 
Professor Chapman; Juniors, Professor Robinson; 
Sophomores, Professor Woodruff; Freshmen, Pro- 
fessor Moody. 

Professor Lee has been elected collector of the 
Universalist parish. 

Rev. Mr. Fisher's notable sermon on " Christian 
Independence," preached the first Sabbath of the 
college year, was published in full in the Telegraph 
of October 5th. It will appear in pamphlet form. 

The Boating Association has elected the following 
officers : Commodore, J. R. Clark ; Vice-Commo- 
dore, G. B. Sears ; Secretary and Treasurer, Profes- 
sor William A. Moody; Assistant, F. E. Parker; 
Directors, E. L. Adams, E. E. Briggs, J. R. 
Home, Jr. 

Among the many fine accessions to the library 
during the past month may be mentioned : David 
Barker's poems, Max Miiller's " Science of Thought" 



and "Word Biographies," Herbert Spencer's "Data 
of Ethics," "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," Sarah Orne 
Jewett's works, Joe Howard's "Life of Beecher," 
Wallace's "Ben Harrison," Dr. Roswell D. Hitch- 
cock's posthumous "Eternal Atonement," Blanche 
Howard's "One Summer," Lowell's "Heartsease 
and Rue," Morley's "English Writers" in three 
volumes, MacMaster's " United States," and Isham's 
"Fishery Question." 

All the fraternities excepting Z. ir. held their 
annual initiations last Friday night. 

A Harvard Lampoon editoi- evolved nineteen new 
jokes last summer for use this fall. Kow is the time 
to subscribe. — Boston Olobe. 

The Orient editors haven't evolved any new 
jokes for use this fall. Now is the time to sub- 
scribe ! 

The Lewiston Journal recently sent out circulars 
to various prominent men asking their opinions on 
the next great economic invention — what would be 
its nature, what would be most needed, and to what 
extent could it be revolutionary. Professors Smith, 
Robinson, Moody, and Hntchins made interesting 
answers, which lack of space forbids our quoting 
here. All are recommended to a verbatim perusal 
thereof in the Journal. 

The first Sophomore themes are due October 17th, 
and an essay descriptive of one of the college build- 
ings is required. Junior theme subjects, due October 
24th : I. A New England Fair. H. Should women 
be allowed to vote at the election of school officers ? 

Several Freshmen applied to Professor Pease for 
free grand stand tickets to see Triangle show his 

One of our Juniors, who left off smoking, tem- 
porarily, attached his dingy "cob" to the wall, 
draped in mourning, and to it fixed a card bearing 
the following effusion : 

Old cob, farewell, thy dreamy spell 
With long-drawn sigh, I bid adieu; 
Thy soothing calm, thy mazy charm, 
Tliy gentle rest, lor me is through. 
Upon my wall thy bier shalt fall 
To whi.sper of the Past to me; 
The sable fate sliall ne'er abate 
The ancient love I bear for thee. 

The sessions of tlie Y. M. C. A. State convention 
will be held in Memorial Hall, October 25-28, begin- 
ning at 2.30 Thursday afternoon. The address on 
Thursday evening will be delivered by Rev. Alex- 
ander McKenzie, D.D., of Cambridge, Mass. Among 
the prominent speakers will be Mr. Walter C. Doug- 
las, Secretary of the Boston Association ; Mr. H. F. 
Williams, Railroad Secretary of the International 

Committee, New York ; Mr. R. M. Armstrong, State 
Secretary of Massachusetts and Rhode Island ; Mr. 
J. R. Mott and Mr. R. P. Wilder of New York, and 
Mr. E. C. Pfeiffer, ex-captain of the University crew, 
Harvard College, and Rev. Frank T. Bailey of Port- 
land. It is expected that the Glee Club will assist 
at some of the exercises. W. S. Corey, C. F. Hersey, 
President of the Bowdoin branch, and E. A. Law- 
rence, State Secretary, have been appointed execu- 
tive committee. We bespeak a good attendance of 
the students. 

J. M. Hastings, '91, has caught several games for 
the Brunswick nine this fall. 

Mr. A. C. Rich of Brunswick is taking Chemistry 
with the Juniors. 

The fall fishing has resulted as follows : F. V. 
Gummer, H. W. Kimball, H. F. Linscott, and James 
Merryman, all of '92, have joined A. A. *. ^. T. is 
recruited by George Downos, H. C. Emery, L. M. 
Fobes, W. B. Kenniston, T. S. Lazell, R. W. Mann, 
S. L. Parcher, C. S. Rich, and E. B. Young, all of 
'92. G. W. Blanchard, '90, E. P. Munsey and A. K. 
Newman, '91, and P. Bartlett, R. F. Bartlett, F. H. 
Cothren, C. A. Hodgkins, W. E. Perkins, F. G. 
Swett, F. L. Thompson, and E. B. Wood, '92, have 
joined A. K. E. D. M. Bangs, '91, H. R. Gurney, 
L. K. Lee, D. Mclntyre, and H. R. Smith, '92, have 
entered Z. -i. The following Freshmen have been 
admitted to e. A. X. F. Durgin, W. O. Hersey, 
J. F. Hodgdon, J. C. Hull, T. F. Nichols, H. Poore, 
W. S. Randall, L. Stacy, E. Wilson. 

A Freshman remarked last Wednesday morning 
that he had never taken any stock in Triangle until 
then, but the bill convinced him it couldn't be a joke. 
This fellow, with several other classmates, waited 
disappointedly all Thursday afternoon for the famous 
steed to appear on the track, and then that night at 
supper loudly claimed they were not at all sold. 

The reading-room papers were sold at auction the 
10th. The Oxford Democrat went cheapest at 4 cents, 
and Judge the highest, at 67 cents. Puck brought 40 
cents. Tlie total receipts were $5.24. H. H. Has- 
tings is manager this term. 

C. H. Hastings, '91, is teaching at Bethel. 

Dr. Bowen is a graduate of Rochester University, 
'81, and is a member of the A. -i. fraternity. His full 
title here is College Professor of Frencli. 

M. H., Brunswick: No, Miss Jewett's "Mere 
Pochette" was not written after her late visit to this 
town, and so was not inspired thereby, as you 

Colcliester, Roberts & Co., Journalists, of Tiffin, 
Ohio, liave mailed the Seniors their annual circulars 



oflfering essays, orations, debates, panegyrics, and 
invectives, for sale at prices ranging from $3 to $25 
according to length. It is to be hoped that this Wild 
Western circular is not a fair sample of their style 
and diction. One of the most taking inducements is 
the statement, "No money required in advance." 

Dr. Hyde delivered a Eulogy on Bowdoin's bene- 
factor, Mr. Winkley, in the Chapel last Sunday 
afternoon. Immediately after prayers Professor 
Smith spoke before the Y. M. C. A. 

The Quartette sang at Lisbon Falls, Tuesday 
evening, October 9th, at the dedication of the new 
Y. M. C. A. hall in that place. 

The following alumni attended their society initia- 
tions : A. A. <J>. — Professors Smith, Chapman, Rob- 
inson, and Moody ; E. T. Little, '87 ; and Barrows, 
ex-'88. *. T.— E. M. Smith, 74 ; E. D. Freeman, 
'75; and A. W. Brooks, '85, Amherst; Barrett Potter, 
'78; E. W. Freeman, '85; John Gould and Thomas 
Lee, ex-'85 ; H. R. Fling, '86 ; E. B. Burpee '87 ; and 
A. W. Tolman, '88. A. K. E.— G. L. Thompson, 
ex-'77 ; F. N. Whittier, '85 ; J. V. Lane, F. Pushor, 
and A. W. Merrill, '87; and J* Williamson, Jr., '88. 
e. A. X.— Rev. C. L. Nichols, '57 ; F. W. Alexander, 
'85 ; M. L. Kimball, '87 ; and D. M. Cole and W. T. 
Hall, Jr., '88. 

'26. — The Lewislon Jour- 
nal, sometime ago, contained the 
following: "While chatting in the 

Fifth Avenue Hotel the other day John P. 

Sanborn, who was for many years collector 
of Port Huron, Michigan, by the appointment of 
General Grant, mentioned the fact that he was born 
in Maine, near Augusta. His father was a physician 
with a classical education, who from time to time 
assisted a number of young students to prepare them- 
selves for college, and had among his pupils Lot M. 
Morrill, who became distinguished as a Senator of 
Maine. ' I saw here the other day,' said Mr. San- 
born, 'the venerable ex-Senator Bradbury of Maine, 
who belongs to a generation of men almost extinct. 
He told me that he is one of the three living men of his 
class in Bowdoin College, I believe it was the class of 
1825, of which the poet Longfellow was also a member. 
Ex-Senator Bradbury, ex-Senator Hannibal Hamlin , 

of Maine, and ex-Governor Alpheus Fitch, of Michi- 
gan, are the three surviving members of the class. 
All of them must be nearing the nineties.' " To be 
sure, the Hon. J. W. Bradbury is one of the two 
remaining members of the class of '25, made famous 
by such names as Longfellow, Hawthorne, and 
Abbott, but in regard to the other two members men- 
tioned we would differ. Neither ex-Senator Hamlin 
nor ex-Governor Fitch are alumni of this college, 
though we would gladly claim them were we at lib- 
erty to do so. 

'25. — "Honor to whom honor is due," and who 
has been more justly honored than Henry W. Long- 
fellow ? The city of Portland was lately beautified 
by a bronze statue of our beloved alumnus. The 
statue itself, of heroic size and cast in bronze, is said 
to be an excellent likeness of the poet. 

'32.— The Rev. H. G. Stover died September 19th. 
Born in Biddeford, November, 1813, he pursued a 
theological course in the Bangor Seminary, and after 
his graduation, was ordained as pastor of St. Stephens 
church in New Brunswick. Since then he has occu- 
pied numerous pulpits until 18(53, when he retired 
from active duties. The following serves as an illus- 
tration of the numerous excellent ti'aits with which 
he was endowed: " Whatever portion of his salary 
remained after his private expenses were met, he in- 
variably distributed among the worthy poor of his 
charge. And when he had nothing left of his own 
to give, he would sometimes go to the grocery kept 
by his wealthiest deacon, and order perliaps a barrel 
of tloLir sent to a certain family, and when it had 
been delivered, he would say, in his inimitable and 
unanswerable manner, ' Deacon, you just charge that 
flour to the Lord.'" 

'53. — Melville W. Fuller was inaugurated Chief 
Justice of the United States at 12 o'clock, Monday, 
October 7th. The ceremony was as impressive as it 
was short. The entire session of the court occupied 
only ten minutes. The court then adjourned to meet 
Tuesday. The Supreme Court Chamber is so small 
that only a limited number of persons could witness 
the ceremony of making a Chief Justice. Neverthe- 
less the corridors of the capitol leading to the room 
were thronged an hour before tlie court was to open. 
Zealous door-keepers guarded the entrances and ad- 
mitted only well-known persons, members of Con- 
gress, newspaper men, and members of the local bar. 

'60. — The Hon. Thomas B. Reed starts soon for a 
stumping tour in Connecticut. The Lewiston Journal 
remarks that he is " as happy as a first district clam." 
Well may he be. 

'76. — The Brunswick Telegraph lately contained 
the following : " W. H. Marrelt. On Monday last we 




received a brief but pleasant call from Mr. Marrett, 
his first visit to Brunswick for the past four veai's, he 
having during that period been engaged in work in 
the Southern and Western Stales. Hereafter his la- 
bors as soliciting agent for medical publishers will 
be more widely in New England. Mr. Marrett is 
doing a little business on his own account, in rais- 
ing blooded horses from the best of stock, and 
we infer with good success in a business point of 

77. — Albert Somes, who for several years has 
been principal of Berwick Academy, has resigned 
that position and accepted the prineipalship of the 
Manchester (N. H.) High School. 

'77. — Dr. William Stephenson, surgeon U. S. A., 
is now stationed at Fort Verde, Arizona Territory. 

'80. — The names, occupations, and places of resi- 
dence of all the graduate members of the class of 
1880, with a few exceptions, are given in the follow- 
ing list : 

Bartlett, on the editorial staif of the Daily Dis- 
patch, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Burbank, reading law, Limerick, Me. Has fol- 
lowed teaching principally. 

Chapman, civil engineer. 

Collins, whereabouts unknown. 

Conant, of the firm Conant, Patrick & Co., whole- 
sale grocers, Portland, Me. 

Dane, lawyer, member of the next legislature, 
Kennebunk, Me. 

Edwards, superintendent of schools, Lewiston.Me. 

Ferguson, farmer and teacher, Shapleigh, Me. 

Giveen, county superintendent of schools and 
editor of a local paper, Weaverville, Cal. 

Gilbert, dead. 

Goulding, business, Boston, Mass: 

Grindal, lawyer. New York City. 

Hall, lawyer, San Francisco, Cal. 

Harding, lawyer, Bangor, Me. 

Holmes, A. H., Brunswick, Me. 

Holmes, A. D., physician, Hyde Park, Mass. 

Jones, minister, M. E. Conference, Winthrop, Me. 

Maxcy, in the boot and slioe business, Fargo, Dak. 

Payson, of the firm H. M. Payson & Co., bankers, 
Portland, Me. 

Perkins, lawyer, Cornish, Me. 

Purington, lawyer, member of the legislature, 
Mechanic Falls, Me. 

Scott, lawyer and farmer, Clifton, Me., ex-mem- 
ber of the legislature. 

Spring, business, Portland, Me. 

Swett, dead. 

Weil, lawyer, Lawrence, Mass. 

Wilson, V. C, lawyer, Portland, Me. 

Wilson, H. B., San Francisco, Cal. 

Wing, on the Gazelle editorial staff, Lewiston, Me. 

Winter, lawyer. La Crosse, Wis. 

'81.. — Frederick C. Stevens, Esq., who read law 
with Hon. A. W. Paine in Bangor, has been nom- 
inated for the legislature of Blinnesota by the repub- 
licans of the city of St. Paul. Mr. Stevens is twenty- 
eight years of age. 

'81. — Boston seems to possess remarkably attrac- 
tive powers for this class, so much so that the Boston 
Herald lately furnished us with this most honorable 
account: "Mr. F. E. Smith has made an enviable 
reputation for himself in the eyes of president Potter 
of the Maverick Bank, where he has risen rapidly, 
and is considered to be one of the most promising 
clerks of the large force employed there. Mr. Smith 
is an Augusta, Me., boy, and while in college took 
the $300 mathematical prize during his Sophomore 
year, mathematics being what may be called his 
stronghold. His college life stamped him as being 
a popular and social man." 

'81.— Mr. E. O. Aehorn and Mr. W. W. Towle, 
both of '81, may also be said to be coming rapidly to 
the front in the legal profession. The former was 
very successful in his handling of a number af the 
Roslindale disaster suits. 

'81. — Mr. O. M. Shaw is a shining light among Bow- 
doin's recent graduates who have followed the law. 
Mr. Shaw took his degree in '81, and coming to Bos- 
ton, entered the office of Allen, Hemenway & Savage, 
and afterwards graduated from the Boston Law 
School. After his admission to the bar he was asso- 
ciated in practice with Mr. J. A. Loring, but soon 
determined to go with his father, Mr. C. A. Shaw, 
with whom he now is under the firm name of C. A. 
Shaw & Co., located on Court Street, where they 
carry on an immense business. 

'81. — Mr. Henry Goddard is a member of the firm 
of Hazeltine & Goddard, the furniture dealers and 
decorators, on Boylston Street. While in college he 
displayed artistic tastes of the highest order, by rea- 
son of which his chosen business has been one of 
great success. 

'82. — Also the following concerning the alumni of 
'82: "Messrs. W. G. Reed and E. U. Curtis com- 
pose the young law firm of Reed & Curtis, in the 
Hemenway building. Both are '82 men, and both 
have made their mark, both in their practice and also 
in politics. Mr. Reed is a member of the common 
council from Ward 21, and Mr. Curtis is the efficient 
and popular secretary of the republican ward and 
city committee. Mr. Curtis is also a director of the . 
Roxbury Club. Both studied with Messrs. Gaston 



& Whitney, and both carry on a general practice 
of wide extent. 

'82. — M. L. Sanborn is a successful lawyer at 27 
Tremont Row, Boston. 

'83. — W. W. Curtis, recently teaching in Holbrnok, 
Mass., has been elected to the principalship of the 
High School in Pawtucket, R. I. 

'8-t. — Rodney I. Thompson, candidate for county 
attorney on the democratic ticket, is to close his office 
at Waldoboro, soon, and go to Omaha, Neb., reports 
the Damariscotla Herald. 

'86. — A. R. Butler is taking a course in Latin lan- 
guage and literature in Johns Hopkins University. 

'86. — G. S. Berry is teaching at Mattapoisett, 

'87. — H. M. Moulton is to teach this winter at 
Great Chebeague Island. 

'87. — C. F. Moulton will teach at Jonesport. 

'87. — C. C. Ohoate is in business in New York 

'87. — E. B. Burpee will pursue the study of law 
at the Boston University Law School. 

'87. — Pushor is studying law in Portland. 

'87. — Gahan is connected with Jordan, Marsh & 
Co., Boston. 

'87. — Parsons is teaching an evening school in 

'87. — Skolfield is taking a post-graduate course 
in Chemistry at Johns Hopkins. 

'87. — Cary is taking a post-graduate coui'se in 
Biology at Johns Hopkins. 

'88. — Ayer is teaching at Barre, Vt. 

'88. — F. L. Smithvvick has been admitted into the 
firm of M. L. Leavitt & Co., Druggists, Boston, Mass. 


Hall or Theta Delta Chi, ) 
October 5, 1888. \ 

Whereas, Our All-Wise Heavenly Father has seen 
fit to call to himself our most esteemed brother, 
Osceola Jackson, '58; 

Resolved, That, while we acknowledge the wis- 
dom of an overruling Providence, we feel that the 
fraternity has lost a worthy brother and our charge 
one of its first and most zealous members. 

Resolved, That we extend our deepest sympathy 
to the bereaved family, and that a copy of these 
resolutions be sent to them, and to the Bowdoin 

J. R. Clakk, '89, 
G. F. Freeman, '90, 
J. R. HoRNE, Jr., '91, 


Thirteen American Colleges are without presi- 
dents. — The Lafayelle. 

Johns Hopkins is rather indifferent toward lady 
students; it has but one. 

The Indiana Supreme Court has decided that 
college students of a legal age may vote in college 
towns. — The Daily Crimson. 

" Will she? " I asked my trembling heart — 
(I doubted still) ; 
It answered low: " Too faint thou art. 
Doubt not; she will ! " 

" Wilt thou? " I whispered, bending o'er 
Her drooping head; 
She turned, and in an instant more 
" I will ! " she said ! 

— Williams Weekly. 

Gladstone was once flogged at Eton for refusing 
to give away a school fellow who had got into 
trouble. — The Aegis. 

The Freshman class at Yale is the largest which 
has ever entered. It numbers three hundred and 
thirty-seven, with two hundred and twelve in the 
academic. — The DarlmouUi. 

The oldest college periodical and the oldest 
monthly of any kind in America is the Yale Literary 
Magazine. Wm. M. Evarts was one of five students 
who started it fifty years ago. — The Aegis. 

The trustees of Brown University have voted not 
to adopt co-education. — The Daily Crimson. 

George Gabriel, who made his fortune in New 
Haven by repairing umbrellas, died recently, leaving 
$10,000 to Yale College and $15,000 to Yale Divinity 
School.— £'a;. 

Potz, dreimal einer Woche ! 

Rief der Senior nehen mir. 
War' ioh nur iu einem Loche 
Zwanzig Meilen weit von hier, 

— Oberlin Review. 

Princeton paid $3,260 for foot-ball last season. 
Her gate receipts were $3,312. — Ex. 

The University of Cambridge will confer the de- 
gree of LL.D. on Prince Albert Victor, this week. — 



It gives him some liuowledge of Latin and Greels, 
Allows a minute's psychological peek, 
And teaches him rightly to think and to speak ; 
Yes, that's what it does for a man. 

If he journeys to college all awkward and green, 
With a black Sunday coat that's been worn into sheen, 
It polishes him till he's fit to be seen; 

Yes, that's what it does for a man. 

Perchance he's been petted at home all his days. 
And been led to suppose that he needs naught but praise; 
College shows such a man the mistake of his ways; 
Yes, that's what it does for a man. 

It may give him hard looks; it may take him 'way down, 
But a kindness that's true lies behind the dark frown; 
At least that's the way that it is at old Brown, 
And Brown's the best place for a man. 

— Brunonian. 

Amherst's Freshman class numbers ninety-six, 
the largest in the history of the college. — Ex. 

" What do you vpant to set such a tough chicken 
before me for?" indignantly exclaimed a fair damsel 
in a restaurant, the other day. " Age before beauty, 
always, you know, ma'am!" replied the polite at- 
tendant.. — Colby Echo. 

The class of '92 at Yale has adopted for the class 
cry: " Bric-a-kex-kex, coax, coax, bric-a-kex-kex, 
coax, coax, v?hu-op, whu-op, whu-op parabaloo, 
'92.— .Ea;. 

A curious bird that looks like an owl, but has the 
face of a monkey, was caught near Richmond, Va., 
a few days ago. It will be sent to the Smithsonian 
Institution at Washington. It is strange how many 
monstrosities finally bring up at the capital. — The 
Sunday Olobe. 

Harvard professors are given a year's vacation 
with full pay every seventh year. 

Smith College opened with one hundred and fifty 
Freshmen, fifty of which number, however, had to be 
turned away for lack of room. — Williams Weekly. 

Cornell has 1,200 students this year. The Faculty 
now numbers eighty. The standard for jiassing ex- 
amination has been raised from sixty to seventy per 
cent. Three large buildings are now being erected on 
the campus. — Ex. 

The class of '92 numbers 11-i men at Lehigh; 75 
at Wesleyan ; 85 at Williams ; 89 at Lafayette ; 100 
at Amherst; 60 at Bowdoin ; 400 at Cornell ; 310 at 
Yale.— fe. 

The most exciting cane rush in the history of the 
college took place at Cornell, Wednesday evening. 
The rush lasted nearly an hour, more than five hun- 
dred partici^jated, and the Freshmen were victorious. 



[Books reviewed in these columns maybe seen at the 
College Library.] 
Selected Poems from Premieres et Nouveles 

Meditations. Edited, with Biographical Sketch and 

Notes, by George O. Curme, A.M. Boston, D. C. 

Heath & Co., 1888. Imc; pp. xxxi + 179; 7.5c. 

This volume of selections includes some of La- 
martine's best work, and gives a good idea of the 
author's power. The comparatively narrow range of 
poetical subject and treatment followed by Lamar- 
tine is not wearisome in the limits which the editor 
has set for himself. The introductory biographical 
sketch seems to have been inspired by long and 
faithful study of the poet's works, but is too long. 
We are always glad to have an editor tabulate the 
main bibliographical facts connected with his author. 
The notes, as Prof. Curme states in an " additional 
preface," have been modified since they were first 
written. The editor has diminished the purely 
grammatical notes ^and, we think, wisely laid greater 
stress on notes of a literary character. He miglit 
have gone profitably still further in this direction 
and cut out all those notes which contain only such 
facts as are in any good dictionary. One of the best 
features of the book is the appendix, written by Pro- 
fessor A. Williams, of Brown University, giving a 
good summary of the general character of French 
verse. The little book is well printed. 


An edition of Freytag's Die Journalisten, edited 
by Walter D. Toy, Professor of Modern Languages 
in the University of North Carolina, is to be issued 
soon by D. C. Heath & Co., Boston. 

This is one of the most suocessful German dramas 
suitable for college classes ever brought out, and 
coming from the hands of Professor Toy cannot fail 
to reflect in its full introduction and copious notes 
the best scholarship. 


" Practical Metaphysics." — Barnett. 
"Translation of Odyssey." — Lang. 
" Health for Teachers." — Barnett. 

Dr. William A. Hammond, the world-famed 
specialist in Mind Diseases, says: "I am familiar 
with various systems for improving the memory, in- 
cluding, among others, those of Feinaigle, Gouraud 
and Dr. Pick, and I have recently become acquainted 
with the system in all its details and applications 
taught by Professor Loisette. I am therefore enabled 
to state that his is, in all its essential features, en- 
tirely original; that its principles and methods are 
different from all others, and that it presents no ma- 
teriiil analogies to that of any other system. I con- 
sider Professor Loisette's system to be a new de- 
parture in the education of the memory and attention, 
and of very great value; that it being a systematic 
body of principles and methods, it sliould be stud- 
ied as an entirety to be understood and appreciated ; 
that a correct view of it cannot be obtained by exam- 
ining isolated passages of it. 

William A. Hammond." 

New York, July 10, 1888. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 8. 




F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 
O. P. Watts, '8i', Business Editor. 

W. M. Emert, '89. 
6. T. Files, '89. 
F. J. C. Little, '89. 
D. E. Owen, '89. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

E. R. Stearns, '89. 
G. B. Chandler, '90. 
J. M. "W. MooDT, '90. 
T. C. Spillane, '90. 

15 cents- 
on applica- 

Bxtra copies can be olitahieil at tlie bookstores 
tlon to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in rej^ard to all otliev matters should be directed to 
the Managing Kditor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
litei-ary articles, personals, anil items. Contributions must be 
accompanlGil by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-OiBoe Kt Brunswick as SecoDd-Olass Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 8.-October 31, 1888. 

To Water-Fowl Flying South 113 

Editorial Notes 113 

Tlie Exile 115 

Ideas on Pranks and Faculties, 115 

The Ballad of Diogenes 117 

Henry Winkley, 117 

"Con," 118 

Psi Upsilon, 119 

Colleqii Tabula, 119 

Personal 121 

In Memoriam 122 

College World, 122 

Book Reviews, 123 


On feathery sails ye move along 

To seek for climes far gentler still ; 

A dotted line your forms prolong. 

As vagrant thoughts our memories fill. 

Fleet crafts ye are, and well indeed 
Might Dasdalus thy skill essay, 

Yet waxen wings could ill succeed 
In traversing thy heavenly way. 

I speak, and thou, meanwhile art gone, 
Gone to those pleasant sun-lit lands ; 

Where ye, e're comes the morning dawn, 
May plume your backs on coral strands. 

surprise to 

visitors and students alike, that nothing but 
its name marks the character of Memorial 
Hall. The elegant building was erected as 
a memorial to those who offered their lives 
in defense of the union ; but for some rea- 
son no steps were taken at the time of its 
erection to denote its memorial character. 

Through the generosity of General 
Thomas H. Hubbard, of New York, a bronze 
tablet, inscribed with the names and militaiy 
rank of Bowdoin's sons who were in the war, 
will be erected in the upper hall, possibly 
before Commencement. It will probably be 
placed on the wall to the right of the am- 
phitheatre, and aside from its value as a 
memorial it will be an elegant adornment to 
that beautiful room. 

There were about three hundred and 
eighty Bowdoin alumni and undergraduates 
in the war, and many of them held respon- 
sible positions of the most honorable distinc- 
tion. It is said that the names of the alumni 
of the Medical School are not to be put on 
the tablet. We hope that this report is not 
true, for the alumni of the Medical School 
are as much alumni of Bowdoin as those of 
the academic department. 

Perhaps a short sketch of the generous 
donor will be of interest to our readers. 
General Hubbard was born in Hallowell in 
1838, and graduated in the class of 1857. 



He taught school for a short time after grad- 
uation and then entered the profession of 
law. He settled in New York City. In the 
Rebellion he was Adjutant of the Twenty- 
fifth Regiment Maine Volunteers and Colonel 
of the Thirtieth. In 1865 he was breveted 
Brigadier-General. After the war he again 
resumed the practice of law in New York 
City. He is now on the Board of Overseers 
of the college. 

Foot-ball has gained greatly in popularity 
this term, and if we may judge from the 
number of invalids and cripples among us 
we should say that very satisfactory progress 
has been made in the knowledge of the game. 

Why can't we have a Maine Intercolle- 
giate Foot-Ball League which shall embrace 
the four colleges of the State? It seems to 
us that if the colleges would enter into it 
with spirit it could not be otherwise than 

There is nothing in the way of sport 
during the fall term except one or two ball 
games. Foot-ball, scientifically played is a 
new game to most people in this State ; for 
these reasons we believe the necessary ex- 
penses could be paid from the gate receipts, 
and if there were a deficiency it could be 
borne by the students more easily in the fall 
term than in any other. 

The weather is favorable for playing foot- 
ball until Thanksgiving, usually, and some 
years even later. In every college in Maine 
there is enough material to form a strong 
team. There is no better game to test men's 
power of endurance, to develop muscle, cool 
judgment, quickness of perception and ac- 
tion. It is coming more and more into the 
favor of college men, and that it will be the 
great college sport of the future, is the firm 
opinion of many. 

Probably it is too late to do anything 
definite in the matter this year, more than 

to form an organization, but we hope by 
another year to see foot-ball contests between 
the Maine colleges. 

It is to be regretted that the boating in- 
terest of the college has so declined that we 
have not had the usual races this fall. But 
this lack of interest comes about naturally 
enough when we examine the facts. 

Practically racing in four-oared shells is 
at an end. One college after another has 
given it up, and several have put eight-oared 
crews into boating contests. It seems plain 
that Bowdoin must follow their example or 
give up boating entirely. The question then 
is, which course shall we take ? 

Probably there is enough material in col- 
lege to send out, in two years any way, an 
eight-oared crew which would be an honor 
to the college. But this cannot be done 
without money. The prices of eight-oared 
shells vary widely, but the lowest figure is 
quite a high one. We have been told that 
inside of three years we should need two 
shells, and perhaps another inside of the 
next two years. This means a large expen- 
diture of money, and the thing to decide is. 
Can we afford it ? It is certain that if Bow- 
doin is to maintain her enviable record in 
boating, an eight-oared crew is a necessity. 

The Orient will gladly publish any com- 
munications on this subject from students or 
alumni, and we hope the boating men in the 
college will use our columns as the best 
means to arrive at a satisfactory solution of 
this question. 

We do not like to " dun " our subscribers, 
but a paper, like many other things in this 
world, cannot exist without money. Up to 
the present time but five per cent, of our sub- 
scribers have paid, and as a consequence we 
are owing our publishers several hundred 
dollars and are going deeper in debt every 



issue. Though two dollars is a small matter 
to each subscriber, it amounts to hundreds 
of dollars to us, and delay in payment puts 
us in serious difficulty. When the matter 
is brought to your attention, as we intend it 
shall be in this issue, we hope, and have the 
right to expect, that our difficulties will be 
relieved by immediate payment. 


And the moan 
Of the rolling waves comes to his ears ; 
A sad, sweet wail through the night he hears, 
The hymn from the harp of the dark pine tree. 
Which the wandering mind strikes full and free. 

Without home. 
While his soul responds to the ocean's song. 
And the plaint that the night wind sweeps along 
For he listens to songs of long ago. 
And his mother's voice croons soft and low. 

And unknown, 
And from out the sea, where many a one 
Has gazed at the glint of the setting sun 
As into the deeps of future years. 
Its ceaseless, ineffable chant he hears, — 
Without home. 

College pranks can generally be divided 
into two classes, between which the line of 
demarkation can be readily distinguished. 
There are those that exhibit neither wit, 
freshness, nor intellectual force, — nothing 
but malice and stupidity; there are others 
that, though they may produce temporary 
inconvenience and make the Faculty grimace 
like gorillas in abdominal distress, still savor 
so thoroughly of rollicking fun, good hits, 
and genuine college-boy blood, as to provoke 
not only the delight but even the sympa- 

thies of the onlooker. The former class of 
pranks, when of lesser moment, are to be 
contemptuously passed by, but if of more 
flagrant nature deserve the most summary 
handling; in the latter class the best and 
most discriminating judgment can and should 
be employed. 

Many tricks of the first sort, whose wit 
and applicableness is of a negative character, 
if passed over by a magnanimous Faculty 
as beneath the notice of men, will die of their 
own nauseating feebleness and sink into ob- 
livion, much to the happiness of their per- 
petrators, who, on second thought, are gen- 
erally as much disgusted with them as any 
one. Such, for example, was the spoiling of 
the chapel organ last year, the performers of 
which are no doubt well ashamed of them- 
selves. If, on the other hand, these weakly 
and ephemeral outcroppings of lawlessness 
be noticed, dug up, and pawed over by an 
over curious, over watchful, and too arbi- 
trary Faculty, whatever the result attained, 
such proceedings will always be conducted 
amidst the plaudits and to the encourage- 
ment of malefactors, especially of that ubiq- 
uitous class whose passion, like that of some 
political candidates, is for notoriety, no mat- 
ter of what sort. For them the college gos- 
sip and newspaper notices are drops of pure 
ambrosia seven times refined aiid condensed. 

But it is our purpose to deal chiefly with 
the second, or, we may say, comparatively 
worthy class of pranks, and while it is not 
our intent to meddle in other people's mat- 
ters, we cannot help remembering how our 
attention was drawn across the country last 
summer to our little sister institution on the 
big Kennebec, who was shivered from stem 
to stern, Faculty, students, trustees, and all, 
b}^ the apparently aerial thunderbolt of a 
Sophomore joke that resulted in the destruc- 
tion of 11.75 worth of C. skylights, a card of 
matches for re-lighting gas jets, the interrup- 
tion of a Fresh who was declaiming in an 



exhibition for a prize, and that caused 
three co-eds to shriek awful! and one epilep- 
tic towns-woman's spirit to evaporate in 
what we learn was a " feinted faint." 

This appalling destruction of corporated 
property and spiritual life proceeded from 
some one's (presumably a Sophomore's), by 
means of an ingenious contrivance of ropes 
and other tackle, precipitating through the 
skylights and upon the stage in the midst of 
the philippic of a hopeful Fresh a gigantic 
representative of the rag-baby family marked 
in the inspiring curves of '91. The declaim- 
ing Fresh was knocked out in his prospects 
for the prize ; the worthy and prolonged 
Prexy of C, who was seated upon the plat- 
form in close proximity to the arrival, was 
rendered a temporary victim of mental pa- 
ralysis and cramps ; then, oh ! " Most un- 
kindest cut of all " ! the three co-eds shrieked 
(if the sounds had issued from male larynxes 
they would have been justly denominated 
yells.'} so horribly that, if we are not mis- 
quoting, the gas jets flared, flickered, and 
then went out, and with them departed on a 
furlough the spirit of another interesting 
female of the town. A Prof, currebat ex 
domibus, and in the pitchy darkness caught 
a glimpse of two fiery eyeballs, which, from 
their color, were presumed to belong to a 
certain Sophomore member of the C. base- 
ball club. The news of the wild, fiery eyes 
spread like veritable Sampsonian wildfire 
through the ranks of the C. Faculty. The 
unfortunate Sophomore, who had thus be- 
come involved in so inextricable a concate- 
nation of circumstantial evidence, was sum- 
moned before the assembled Khans and Mo- 
guls and informed that he might chip in $50 
to the next C. campaign fund or depart for 
the realms of his grandsires, one of which 
alternatives he of course accepted. 

The above is in the main a truthful state- 
ment of the facts as we understand them, 
though in detail it may fluctuate a little from 
the Hatchet standard. 

Now was not this joke of the second and 
better class mentioned, and was not the 
judgnient upon the culprit circumstantially 
implicated severe? The thing was hailed 
with shaking sides by every fun-loving soul 
in the State ; it was pronounced a capital, 
roaring joke by all, — the best thing of its 
kind ever known, — and nobody thought any 
less of the institution for its having hap- 
pened there. Fifty dollars fine or leaving 
college seems to us a pretty severe penalty, 
especially if the fellow was poor, and a pen- 
alty worthy of a very grave offense. Could 
not they who pronounced sentence have con- 
trived some way to cast a sufScient stigma 
upon the deed and its perpetrator that would 
have better shown their appreciation of the 
fact that the joke was neither malicious nor 
in any great degree harmful to anybody or 
anything ? 

The severity of the one administered cer- 
tainly created surprise in Bowdoin circles 
where a Prof, has occasionally been known 
to smile quite sunnily out of his window at 
the spectacle of a lugubriously dripping 
Fresh. It is always true that a Faculty that 
shows its ability and intention to fairly dis- 
criminate in such cases, not only wins the 
respect, but in every instance the love and 
good-will of the student-body — and when 
that condition is established a college is prac- 
tically self-regulating — while the farther a 
Faculty departs from this appearance the 
less confidence and co-operation will it re- 
ceive from the undergraduates and the more 
prevalent will be ill-will and lawlessness. 

We have not intended to advise or espe- 
cially criticise any one, but have simply 
stated our ideas upon a few points in college 
government that have been forced upon our 
notice ; nor, be it known, have we intended 
to make any actual misrepresentations as 
should be readily seen. 

The aggregate income of all colleges is esti- 
mated at $4,500,000.— i'a;. 




In our own Alma Mater, just before the good days, 
Of Sir Booker and son, and their wonderful ways, 
Ruled a man named Diogenes, called " Doggie " in 

In that very same function of master-in-chief 
Of window glass, locks, broken doors, and such 

As a mishap or practical joke often brings. 

A man of much action and mighty few words 
Was Diogenes, now, as may soon be infen-ed : 
A friend of the students, though oftentimes crossed 
By the pranks perpetrated at his private cost ; 
Not of money, however, for as in our own day. 
Cost multiplied greatly when it came in his way. 


Now 'tis said that the leopard cannot change his 

Much less can the student be kept from his plots ; 
So it entered the heads of some brilliant young chaps 
That it might cause some fun, though perhaps some 

To borrow some kind neighbor's cow for a night — 
A thing which, to-day, is no uncommon sight — 
And, enticing her secretly oyer the stairs, 
To participate there in devout chapel prayers. 


In the belfry, next morning, found "Doggie" the 

Tied fast to the bell rope, then 'mid many a titter. 
He proceeds to depose the poor beast from her throne. 
With sighs and with coughs, and with many a groan, 
Taking pains that his work be sufficiently long 
To warrant a bill for his labors, full strong. 

And true to himself, when the proper time came, 
For collecting his honorable bill for the same, 
The sum of five dollars demands he at sight, 
With such an addendum to furnish some light : 
" Koind surrs, I'd be afthur collecting so much 
For a gitt'n the creatur do-an outer the church." 


Chapbi, Address of Pres. Hyde, Sunday, Oct. 14, 1888. 

Henry Winkley was born in Barrington, 

N. H., in 1803. It was his ardent desire to 

obtain a liberal education ; but lack of means, 

and trouble with his eyes compelled him to 
give up his cherished plans. Until he was 
twenty-one he worked on the farm in Barring- 
ton. Then he went into business, first in 
Boston ; afterward in New York and Phila- 
delphia. His business took him to foreign 
countries ; and he took every opportunity 
to acquire a knowledge of the history, in- 
stitutions, and character of the people with 
whom he thus came in contact. The more 
he saw of the world, the more strong be- 
came his conviction of the superiority of 
New England ; the more he came to re- 
spect her plain, homely virtues ; the more he 
grew to admire the influence she was exert- 
ing on the Nation and on the World. And 
the more he compared the institutions of 
other lands with ours, the stronger became 
the conviction that the secret of the intel- 
lectual and moral greatness of New England 
is to be found in the religious character of 
her educational institutions. His generous 
gifts were the expression of these profound 
convictions. They were not given in re- 
sponse to ajjpeals and solicitations; and hence 
due in large measure to the influence of other 
wills. They came from him, and from him 
alone ; out of the deeply-rooted convictions 
of a life-time of thought and reflection. So 
unostentatious and quiet was he in his way 
of giving ; so thoroughly animated by the 
spirit of our Lord's precept, "let not thy 
left hand know what thy right hand doeth," 
that when his checks came, more than one 
recipient regarded the matter at first as a 
joke. He gave enough to have founded out- 
right one institution which should bear his 
name. But he showed his wisdom and his 
modesty in choosing rather to aid a number 
of existing institutions, whose work was 
already satisfactory, and whose future was 
assured. He cared for the good he could do 
rather than for the name and fame that 
might attend it. 

Three lessons we may learn from this 



strong, modest, noble man. First the su- 
periority of a resolute will over the most 
discouraging circumstances. Apparently cut 
off from the liberal education on which his 
heart was set, he did not give up his object ; 
but became one of the best informed of men 
himself; and also one of the foremost bene- 
factors of education. 

Second: Modesty. To gain wealth is 
easy; to spend it wisely, and generously, 
and unostentatiously is much more diificult 
and far more rare. Strong and shrewd in 
the acquisition of wealth, Mr. Winkley is a 
shining example of a wise, generous, modest 
use of it. 

Third : Reverence. Mr. Winkley be- 
lieved that reverence for God is the secret 
of effective service for man. He agreed 
with the ancients who represented the way 
to the Temple of Honor as leading through 
the Temple of Virtue. He was convinced 
of the truth of what the Chief Justice of 
the United States said to us here last Com- 
mencement, that if a man is to stand up 
against the tremendous forces of materialism 
and corruption that beset any man who 
enters the currents of active life to-day he 
must be rooted and grounded in reverent 
obedience to the righteous will of God. 

Not the monument of granite, sur- 
rounded by evergreens, in Mount Auburn ; 
nor yet his printed name upon the cata- 
logues of grateful institutions ; but the last- 
ing memorial of lives increased in usefulness, 
in wisdom, in virtue, as the result of his ben- 
efactions-j— this was the monument which he 
desired to leave behind him, and in the 
building of which each one of us is privi- 
leged to share. 


The last number of the Orient contained 

a pithy and courteous rejoinder, entitled 

"Pro," in which the writer maintained that 

it was better to ask questions after than 

during recitations. Let us notice its most 
salient features and see if they can be con- 

" That a prejudice exists is no argument 
in favor of or against it." Certainly not; 
neither was it used as such. 

" The recitation is, essentially, the com- 
mon property of the whole class, and as 
soon as any individual attempts to monopo- 
lize it by questions which are of no assist- 
ance to the class in general, however 
important to himself, he appropriates time 
which does not belong to him." The fal- 
lacy of the above lies in a misconception of 
the character of a recitation, and in the 
assumption that individual questions are of 
no assistance to the class in general. A 
recitation consists of questions and answers, 
and the custom of making the question- 
ing reciprocal between professor and class 
has always been invited and approved. In 
taking the advantage of this the student does 
not appropriate individual tutorage, because 
it is one of the essential features of class work, 
and because the question, being in the line 
of the topic, can be explained in a very few 
extra words, and in a manner mucli clearer 
and an order much more logical. After rec- 
itation it is detached from its connection 
and often involves a tedious and unsatisfac- 
tory recapitulation. The assumption that 
personal questions are of no assistance to 
the rest of the class, so far from being in 
harmony with the facts, is in direct opposi- 
tion to them. We claim that it is hardly 
possible to conceive of a question, asked by 
a student possessing common sense, which 
would not be of some assistance to others. 
It often happens that an apt question clears 
up a vital point of the topic. There is 
hardly enough such questioning done. 

To economize space, the second point, 
" Pro," may be summed up as follows : 
The function of the professor is to impart 
knowledge, and most of them have ex- 



pressed their willingness to render individ- 
ual assistance. Some students do not know 
as much as others, therefore they may ask 
questions after the regular recitation work. 
Even if we admit the premises and conclu- 
sions of the above, it only proves the point 
made in our former article, namely, that it 
is appropriating individual tutorage. It 
is none the less tutorage because the 
professor agrees to it. But we doubt 
whether that " willingness " very often de- 
velops into anxietJ^ Considering the disa- 
greeableuess of unpopularity, very few pro- 
fessors would express their unwillingness. 
It is doubtful courtesy, this boring an 
instructor with questions after he has dis- 
missed the class. We forget that the in- 
structors always invite and expect questions 
on any point of the lesson before dismissal, 
and that the relaxation of the few moments 
between hours is, in courtesy, due them. 


Pallas, Mother of all learning, 
Suppliants now before thy shrine 
Invoke we here thy aid divine. 
Unto thy instruction heeding, 
Plead we for thy wisdom rare. 
Save us now from folly's snare. 
In the spirit of devotion 
Let our love forever burn 
On Psi U.'s beloved altar 
Never to depart therefrom. 

The Zeta Psi initiation occurred Fri- 
day evening, October 19th. The fol- 
lowing Freshmen made the acquaint- 
ance of the goat : H. R. Gurney, L. K. 
Lee, D. R. Mclntire, and H. R. Smith. Brothers 
Hilton, '84, Austin, and C. F. Moulton, '87, and Chap- 

man, '88, were present; also a delegation from the 
Chi Chapter, consisting of King, '89, Gilmore, '90, 
Coyne and Kalloch, '92. 

The Bowdoin Quartette sang in Dresden, October 
23d, and in Waldoboro, October 24th. Both concerts 
were very successful. 

A large number of the students saw Leland Pow- 
ers in David Oarrick, at Town Hall, Tuesday even- 
ing, October 23d. It was an excellent entertainment, 
and it is hoped that manager Crawford will secure 
more companies of recognized ability during the 

Please Pay your Subscription at once, 

Nickerson (Medical School, '89,) has entirely re- 
covered from his late illness and will soon begin the 
instruction of the Glee Club, coming to the college 
once a week for that purpose. 

Emery represents the Theta Chapter at the an- 
nual Convention of Delta Kappa Epsilon, in Cincin- 
nati this week. 

Prof. Robinson addressed the Y. M. C. A., Sun- 
day afternoon, October 21st. 
Is your Subscription paid? 

The attendance at chapel this term is larger than 
for any term during the past four years. 

The Seniors in American History are using John- 
ston's American Politics. 

There are now about twenty-five non-society men 
in college, a fact significant of one of two things. 
Either that Bowdoin societies are changing and are 
destined to become as several years ago, not wholly 
and exclusively Greek, or else another fraternity will 
soon establish a chapter here, there now being mate- 
rial enough. That fraternity is not unlikely to be 
Chi Psi. They are a wealthy and active fraternity, 
with chapters at nearly all the leading colleges. 
They were established at Bowdoin early in 1844, and 
after twenty years' existence entered on a decline, so 
that in 1869 the chapter died out. The last delega- 
tion consisted of John C. Coombs, '69, now a Boston 

Among the noted Bowdoin alumni of Chi Psi are 
Chief Justice Fuller, Hon. Wm. L. Putnam, Judge 
C. W. Goddard, Rev. E. B. Webb of Boston, Hon. 
Jos. Williamson, Hon. L. G. Downes, and Dr. Alfred 

" Money makes the world go round," and 
the Orient is sadly in need of its benign in- 

A certain Sophomore was seen wildly rushing 
around the Campus the other day. His distress was 
pitiful to see. Finally a dignified Senior, observing 
him, made bold to ask the cause of his mental aber- 



ration. Imagine the surprise of the D. S. when the 
Soph wildly implored to be told the place of the 
next '91 ducking-meet. 

Moody, '91, has just finished a successful term of 
school in Dresden. 

Freeman, '90, and Downes, '91, are suffering from 
injuries received in playing foot-ball. 

The Sophomore supper (?) so anxiously waited 
for by the Juniors, came off in the Gym, Monday 
evening, October 22d ; 7.42 to 7.45. "Mul" was 

Fencing will be a new form of exercise required 
in the Gymnasium this winter. 

Candidates for the ball team will begin gym- 
nasium practice next week probably. We under- 
stand that they will be put through a severe and 
thorough course of training. 

The Democratic club holds its meetings every 
Tuesday, at seven o'clock. The Republican Club 
holds its meetings Wednesday evening, at half-past 

$2.00?— Yes. 

Mitchell, '90, has returned to college. 

The programme of the Y. M. C. A. for the fall 
term has been made out, and promises to be of 
unusual interest. The subject for November 4th, is 
" Confessing Christ"; leader, E. H. Newbegin. 

'Ninety's dancing school began October 24th, in 
Town Hall, under the able instruction of the popular 
dancing master, Gilbert. There are about twenty- 
five couples in attendance. 

A few days since, when some Juniors were dis- 
cussing the merits of Biology, a Freshman innocently 
inquired if that meant the study of the Bible. He 
was politely informed that the study of Biology 
meant the " systematic disintegration and exam- 
ination of the essentially necessary constituencies of 
the animalculse in bodies, placed in ju.xtaposition to 
the microscope, and then successfully portrayed upon 
the human intellect." 

The Sophs allowed their emulation of Phi Chi to 
run away with them to the extent of $75 a few nights 

Probably no end in college possesses more musical 
talent worthy of water than North Maine. There is 
a cornetist who is a coming rival to Levy ; also a 
Freshman whose time is equally divided between 
cutting recitations and playing Phi Chi in such a 
doleful way as to give his hearers the impression 
that the end of the world is coming. Unless there 

is a reduction of music soon the crazed auditors 
will know the reason why. Sapientibus est satis 

The following students expect to teach during the 
winter term: Freeman, Doherty, Rogers, Munsey, 
Dyer, Field, Mohoney, Kelley, and Goding. Doherty 
will teach in Woolwich, and Rogers in Wells. 

Can't you favor us with $2. 00 ? 

Hill, '89, has returned to college. 

Several of the boys visited Boston during the 


The State Convention of the Y. M. C. A. closed 
its session Sunday evening. About one hundred 
delegates have been in attendance and many visitors 
from this and other states. Lack of room prevents 
us giving a detailed account of the meetings. 

Thursday afternoon Professor Chapman gave an 
address, taking for his subject: " Christian Doctrine 
the Basis of Organized Christian Effort." 

In the evening the Rev. Alexander McKenzie of 
Cambridge, Mass., addressed the convention. He 
paid a glowing tribute to the memory of Dr. Leonard 
Woods, a former President of Bowdoin. His dis- 
course received the closest attention of the audience 
and was in every way worthy of it. 

Friday evening Professor Woodruff and President 
Hyde addressed the Convention, The subject of 
Professor Woodruff's address was, "Bible Study;' 
the President took for his theme, "Christian Work 
a ministry to Body, Mind, and Soul." 

The Sunday exercises included a sermon by Mr. 
Douglass, Secretary of the Boston Association, and 
meetings in the various churches. 

The following officers were elected : President, 
V. R. Foss, Portland. Vice-Presidents, G. B. Files, 
Augusta; Professor H. L. Chapman, Bowdoin Col- 
lege; C. M. Bailey, Winthrop ; G. J. Blake, Bangor. 
Recording Secretaries — C. Y. Pearl, Bangor ; S. T. 
Betts, Portland ; H. T. Burbank, Colby University. 
Committee on Credentials— E. A. Pierce, Waterville ; 
J. R. Boardman, Augusta; H. D. Dodge, Bucksport 
Seminary. Committee on Business — A. H. Whitford, 
Rockland ; C. T. Hersey, Bowdoin College ; George 
H. Babb, Maine State College. Devotional Com- 
mittee — R.A.Jordan, Bangor; W.T.Corey, Port- 
land; C. A. Nichols, Foxcroft. State Executive Com- 
mitte — J. O. Whitney, Lewiston ; A. B. Merrill, Port- 
land; A. K. P. Jordan, Auburn. Committee on Res- 
olutions— S. T. Betts, Portland ; N. S. Burbank, Colby 
University; J. M. Bates, Gorham. 



'2o. — Since the last issue 
of tlie Orient, there has 
been received from Horatio Bridge, 
Retired Paymaster-General of the U. S. 
Navj', and member of the class of '25, the 
following information, which was more than 
gladly received, settling, as it does, all doubt as to 
the members of this class still living: "In your 
quotation from the Lewision Journal, Mr. John P. 
Sanborn is reported as saying that ex-Senator Brad- 
bury told him that he (Mr. Bradbury) was 'one of 
three remaining members of the class of 1826,' and 
that Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, ex-Governor Alpheus 
Fitch of Michigan, and Mr. Bradbury, were the 
three. The Orient adds that Hon. I. W. Bradbury is 
one of the too remaining members of the class of '26. 
Now, if I am not mistaken, there are six of the class 
of '25 still living, viz. : Hon. I. W. Bradbury, Rev. 
Dr. G. B. Cheever, H. Bridge, Prof. N. Dunn. 
Hon. William Hale, and J. J. Bveleth, Esq. By 
ex-Governor ' Fitch,' Mr. Sanborn probably meant 
ex-Governor Alpheus Felch of Michigan, a Bowdoin 
graduate of 1827." 

'47.— Col. Charles B. Merrill, of Portland, has 
resigned as trustee of the Bath Military and Naval 

'62. — General J. L. Chamberlain will be the orator 
for the Lynn, Mass., Post, G. A. R., on next Memo- 
rial Day. 

'63. — Chief Justice Fuller addressed the Chicago 
Bar at a banquet given in his honor by that associa- 
tion, September 24th. He closed his eloquent dis- 
course as follows: "And now, gentlemen, wishing 
you and invoking for myself that blessing without 
which nothing can prosper, I trust as you accompany 
me to the ship, we need not sorrow as those who 
shall see each othei-'s faces no more, but that we part 
in reasonable expectation that there will be many 
returns to the home port from the haven for which 
the bidding of public duty compels me to embark." 

'60. — Thomas Reed, Representative-elect, is speak- 
ing in the West. 

'63. — The Rev. Dr. Newman Smyth is said to be 
one of the competitors in the Fall tournament of the 
New Haven Lawn-Tennis Club, now in progress. 

'70. — Dr. Lucian Howe has just i-eturned from a 
pleasure trip in Europe. 

'72. — H. M. Heath is spoken of as the probable 
President of the Senate for the coming year. 

70. — The engagement is announced of J. A. Mor- 
rill to Miss Littlefield of Medford, Mass. 

'78.— Dr. C. A. Barker of Portland, since his 
return from abroad, has been made a Fellow of the 
British Gynaecological Society. 

'79. — Walter G. Davis is in Europe, in the interest 
of the Portland Packing Company of Portland. 

'80. — The Boston Herald lately contained : " Two 
young physicians whom Bowdoin has sent out are 
N. W. Emerson and A. E. Austin. Dr. Emerson 
graduated in '80, and is now located in Dorchester, 
where he has built up around him a good practice, 
and the same may be truly said of Dr. Austin, who 
left Brunswick in '83. The latter is also practicing 
in Dorchester." 

'81. — Frederick C. Stevens, Esq., who read law 
with Hon. A. W. Paine in Bangor, has been nomi- 
nated for the Legislature of Minnesota, by the Repub- 
licans of the city of St. Paul. He is but twenty-eight 
years of age. He was born in Boston in 1860, receiv- 
ing his early education at Rockland Academy, and 
graduated at Bowdoin College. After reading law 
with Mr. Paine, he went West and took a course at 
the Law University of Iowa, where he graduated in 

'81. — Clinton L. Baxter is in Newfoundland upon 

'83. — John E. Dinsmore, formerly of the Hallowell 
Classical Institute, is at home for this year in Au- 
burn, Me. 

'84. — Charles E. Saywood is teacher of Mathe- 
matics at Bryant and Stratton Commercial College, 
Boston, Mass. Residence in Waltham, Mass. 

'84.— John A. Waterman, Jr. (son of Judge 
Waterman), was admitted to the Cumberland Bar, 
October 22, 1888. 

'84. — Albert F. Sweetsir, lawyer at Winterport, 
Me., is the County Attorney-elect for Waldo County. 
'85. — The following is a partial list of the mem- 
bers of this class, with their residences at the present 
time : 

Eugene Thomas, lawyer, Hemenway Building, 
Boston, Mass. 

W. M. Fames, pharmacist, in Manchester, N. H. 
O. R. Cook is principal of the Warren High 
School, R. I. 

Edwin R. Harding is principal of high school at 
Winthrop, Me. 

Ralph S. French, lawyer, Thomaston, Me. 
David P. Howard, lawyer, Denver, Col. 
John A. Peters, lawyer. Bar Harbor, Me. 
N. B. Ford is practicing medicine in Boston. 



Wqi. p. Nealey is in the hardware business in 
Bangor with his brother. 

Alfred W. Rogers is studying law at Bath. 

Chas. H. Wardwell, teaching the Bath High 

John F. Libby is teaching in the Bridgton Acad- 
emy, and law student with Symonds, '60, and Libby, 

Jessie F. Waterman was admitted to the Suffolk 
Bar, Boston, June, 1887, and is now practicing law 
in Los Angeles, Cal. 

James S. Norton attended lectures at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, in Boston, during last 

William C. Kendall, residence, Freeport, Me. 

Eben W. Freeman, last August opened a law 
oflSce in the Union Mutual Building, Portland, Me. 

Frank N. Whittier is Professor of Gymnastics in 
this college. 

Marshall H. Purington is teaching at Kennebunk, 

Boyd Bartlett, Castine, Me. 


The following Bowdoin graduates are students 
at law with Nathan Cleaves, class of '58, in Portland : 
Fermer Pushor, '87 ; Arthur W. Merrill, '87 ; Jos. 
Keed, '83; and Llewellyn Barton, '84. 

At the dedication of the Longfellow ('25) Statue, 
in Portland, Bowdoin talent, as usual, performed the 
most conspicuous part of the ceremonies. Among 
the speakers were the following representatives from 
our college : prelude by Hon. G. E. B. Jackson, '49 ; 
oration by Hon. Chas. F. Libby, '64; and the re- 
sponse by Chas. J. Chapman, '68, and Mayor of Port- 


Hall of the Kappa, ^. Y., } 
October 19, 1888. S 

Whereas, It has pleased Our Pleavenly Father to 
remove from us by death Brother George F. Choate, 
of the class of 1843, a true friend and member of 
the fraternity ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the Kappa 
Chapter, while humbly bowing to the will of an 
all-wise Providence, deeply regret our brother's 
death ; 

That we tender to the relatives and friends of the 
deceased our heartfelt sympathy ; 

That copies of these resolutions be sent to the 

family of our departed brother, to the several chap- 
ters, and to the Bowdoin Orient for publication. 

Chas. H. Fogg, '89, 
G. B. Littlepield, '90, 
Edwin C. Drew, '91. 

For the Chapter. 

The old University of Virginia, founded by 
Thomas Jefferson, has since the War of the Rebel- 
lion received over $700,000 in legacies and gifts, 
exclusive of its fixed endowments. It has no presi- 
dent, but its affairs are administered by the chairman 
of the faculty, who is selected each year from among 
the professors by the Board of Visitors. 

It is rumored that old William and Mary College, 
in the South — the oldest college in the country, the 
mother of presidents and statesmen — is to be re- 
opened after many years of inactivity. 

George Washington was the first person to re- 
ceive the degree of LL.D. from Harvard. — Ex. 

At Amherst, applause in class-room is mani- 
fested by snapping the fingers ; at Cornell, by tap- 
ping pencils on arm-rests. — Ex. 

The Vassar girls want to wear the Oxford cap 
and gown. — Ex. 

Amherst College has had a summer school of lan- 
guages. — Ex. 

The new gymnasium at Trinity has a theatre 
attached to it. 

Question: Why is wind blind? Answer; Wind 
is a zephyr; zephyr is yarn ; a yarn is a tale ; a tail 
is a jsendent ; a pendent is an attachment ; an at- 
tachment is love ; but love is blind. — Q. E. D. 

Plon. Benjamin Harrison, the Republican candi- 
date for President, is a member of the Phi Delta 
Theta fraternity.— .Ba;. 

A Sophomore stuffing for examinations, has de- 
veloped the ethics of Sunday work in a way to render 



the future elucidation of tlie subject unnecessary. 
He reasons that if a. man is justified for trj'ing to 
help the ass from the pit on the Sabbath da}', much 
more would the ass be justified in trying to get out 
himself — Ex. 

Mrs. Garfield, widow of the President, has given 
$10,000 to Garfield University, at Wichita.— £x. 

Out of 162 college base-ball games played, Yale 
has won 117 and lost 4:5. In foot-ball, out of 86 
games played, Yale has won 81. — Ex. 

Columbia intends to expend $15,000 in new 
books for the coming year. — Ex. 

President Patten, of Princeton, is much opposed 
to the elective system. — Ex. 

The class of '92, Princeton, will number in its 
ranks the sons of three United States Senators : Gray 
of Delaware, Dolph of Oregon, and Spooner of Wis- 
consin. — Ex. 

Crom, of Oxford University, England, recently 
beat the English amateur record by running six 
hundred yards in one minute twelve and four-fifths 
seconds. — Ex. 

At Ann Arbor University there is to be a base- 
ball nine of deaf mutes. 

A Western college has a father and son in the 
graduating class, the father being 6.3 years old and 
the son 24. — Ex. 

Harvard has forty tennis-courts in Holme's field. 

The College of the City of New York is to have a 
new gymnasium. 

The Freshman class yell at the University of 
Pennsylvania is: " M-D-C-C-C-X-C-I-I, 'Rah! 'Rah! 
'Rah ! " 

The Stanford University is erecting a new observ- 
atory which is to have the largest lens in the world, 
being forty inches in diameter. 

The Beacon appears upon our table this week, 
and is a very attractive number. It contains in full 
the address of Prof. Dorchester at the beginning of 
the college year; it is a very instructive article and 
worthy of much praise. 

A new college for women has been established in 
New York under the name of Rutgers Female Col- 
lege, with a corps of eighteen professors. — Ex. 

Harvard men claim that the i-eason their Fresh- 
man class is smaller than usual, is the result of the 
action of the overseers last year in abolishing inter- 
collegiate contests. — Ex. 

Harvard was founded 250 years ago ; William and 
Mary, in Virginia, 196 ; Yale, 188; Princeton, 142; 
University of Pennsylvania, 139 ; Columbia, 134 ; 
Brown, 124; Dartmouth, 119; and Rutgers, 118. 

— Mgis. 

Yale's '88 men bore away the far-famed fence in 
pieces as mementoes. — The Beacon. 

Some daring '92 man won himself glory both for 
the bravery of the act and the originality of the idea, 
by being lowered from the top of the water tower 
and there painting in orange, over 150 feet from the 
ground, a large '92, seven feet in length. — Prince- 

The Students of Williams are made to practice on 
the fire-escapes attached to the dormitories. — Uni- 
versity News. 

Across the street my vision strays, 
To where the fading sunlight plays. 

Upon the pane, and wliere by chance 

Fair Alice, reading a romance, 
Is sitting in the golden rays. 

Alas! no heed to me she pays, 
And all my tricks to lure her gaze 
Are vain. She will not even glance 
Across the street. 

But while the day, fast closing, stays, 
And twiliglit tinges all with haze, 
I'll wait and watch her countenance. 

Ah I she has seen me ; even once 
Has " tossed a kiss " (in Cnpid's phrase) 
Across the street. 

— Yule Coiirant. 

Benjamin Harrison, the Republican candidate for 
the Presidency, is a '52 man of Miami University, at 
Oxford, Ohio. — The College Journal. 

There are twenty-five Smiths in college. But we 
must remember that the technical element here 
largely predominates. — Cornell Era. 

The oldest college periodical and the oldest 
monthly of any kind in America is the Yale Literary 
Magazine. Wm. M. Evarts was one of five students 
who started it fifty years ago. — Ex. 

Princeton has a chapel choir of thirty-three voices. 


Practical Metaphysics. By M. J. Baruett. Boston, 

Carter & Karrick, 1887. 

This is the pretentious title of a book on the mind 
cure. It is a compound of common sense and un- 
common nonsense. The gist of the former is simply 
the well-known fact that the mind has power to 
affect bodily conditions. A specimen of the latter is 
the assertion that "Thought is a substance sent forth 
into the invisible atmosphere. It is visible to clair- 
voyant vision, and is seen to have form and color." 



Hypochondriacs and nervous prostrationists possibly 
migiit do worse than to read the book, and people of 
average sanity certainly can do better. 

Health fok Teachers. By M. J. Barnett. Boston, 
H. H. Carter & Karrick, 1888. 12mo. pp. 23 (pam- 

The fanaticism, which confronts us in other writ- 
ings of this author, is somewhat subdued in tliis 
effort, yet there is a peculiar tone pervading the lan- 
guage and thought of the essay, which causes us to 
regard it with distrust. While a few statements of 
truth may be found scattered among the chaff, on 
the whole we cannot recommend the essay as valu- 
able reading. 

Aluen's Manifold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
Language — with Illustrations . Vol. 4. Baptism 
to Bilberry. New York, John B. Alden, 1888. 12mo. 
Same— Vol. 5. 

The tasty binding, excellent typographical exe- 
cution, and complete information of tiiis cyclopedia, 
volumes of which are once more on our desk, lead 
us to wish that we could add more to what has already 
been said in favor of this latest venture of the " Lit- 
erary Revolution." The work, if we mistake not, is 
the most extended as yet attempted by Mr. Alden. 
We certainly hope that he will be able to continue 
in the way that he has begun, and thus to complete 
what will fill a long-felt need, i. e., a work of uni- 
versal reference, handy in form and American in 
character and aim. 


D. C. Heath & Co., of Boston, will soon add to 
their series of French texts for schools and colleges, 
" La Belle Nivernaise ^^ ; Histoire d'un vienx bateau 
et de son equipage, by Alphonse Daudet, with six 
illustrations; and " Bug JargaW'' by Victor Hugo, 
both edited by James Boielle, Senior French Master 
at Dulwich College, England; also Scribe's " ie 
Verre D^Eau" and Lamartine's " Jeaune D'Arc.'''' 
These last are to be edited by A. Barrere, Professor 
of Modern Languages in the Royal Military Acad- 
emy, Woolwich, England. These texts will each 
have a literary introduction and such notes as will 
best adapt them to school use. 

5UtUtt-a^H>&i>i<itJU» <fy 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this office the record of carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charge to sdhool officers for services rendered. 


Now IS THE Time to Register for accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a week passes when we do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Forms and Circulars sent free. 


You have peculiar facilities for reaching out over the whole 
United States second to no agency in the country. We shall not 
forget you. 

Monson Academy. D. M. D. 

Thanks for your promptness. Your information was ample, 
and candidates excellent and more satisfactory than those sug- 
gested by the other agencies I named. 

Wilcox Female Institute, Camden, Ala. C. S. D. 

I desire to thank jou for the very able maimer in which you 
assistetl me In obtiilning a teacher. 

Middletown, Conn. E. 11. W. 

I fully believe that you conduct the best Teachers' Bureau in 
the nation, and shall not fail to seek your aid in the near future. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

B. T. P. 

The position I have received through your aid is most satis- 
factory, and I thank you for securing it for me. 
Marloiv, iV. H. 

A. W. T. 

I wish to thank you tor the excellent work you have done 
for me. 

Spriurjflcld, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIBAM ORCXJTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 



Vol. XVIII. 

No. 9. 




F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 
O. P. Watts, '89, Business Editor. 

W. M. Emery, '89. E. E. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

P. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 9.- November 14, 1888. 

A November Night; A Sonnet, 125 

Editorial Notes, 125 

Election Returns, 127 

"The Fast Set at Harvard," 127 

Maine Hall, 128 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention, 128 

Gladstone as a Public Man, 129 

The Bowdoin Creed 130 

CoLLEGii Tabula 131 

Personal 132 

In Memoriam, 1,34 

College "World 134 

Book Reviews, 135 

The cold, drear winds through leafless branches sigh ; 
The twilight draws its deepening shades around ; 
The withered leaves go rustling o'er the ground. 
Or, caught by boist'rous breeze, go whirling by, 
Like spectres outlined 'gainst the d.arkening sky. 
All nature shudders at the doleful sound, 
Valley and stream, and forest depths profound, 
And rugged hills and mountains steep and high. 
And now deep gloom has settled over all ; 
The dying wind moans fitfully and low ; 
Night closer wraps around her sable pall. 
And all is dark, save where the moon's faint glow 
Reveals upon some ruined, moss-grown wall. 
Fantastic shadows flitting to and fro. 

We publish in this issue an article 
criticising a paper which appeared in the last 
number of the North American Review. We 
fully agree with the ideas expressed by the 
writer of the Orient article. Perhaps a 
condition of things exists in Harvard Uui- 
versity which approximates to that described 
by Mr. Aleck Quest, but if he sought to 
remedy the faults therein set forth, his suc- 
cess would have been more apparent if he 
had taken some other course. 

One cannot read Mr. Quest's article with- 
out a feeling of satisfaction that our college 
is not in a situation to be thus berated. By 
reason of its somewhat isolated location and 
high college sentiment the moral tone of this 
college is eminently pure ; indeed we doubt 
if a college can be found, of equal numbers, 
which has so pure a moral atmosphere as 
Bowdoin. We do not mean to say that 
Bowdoin is absolutely perfect or that there 
is nothing here to call for criticism, but we 
do mean to say that an aroused college sen- 
timent has in the past twenty years swept 
away much that was objectionable and has 
made Bowdoin College, in its morals and 
habits, as pure as any similar institution in 
the country. 

From present appearances the attendance 
upon gymnasium exercises will be increased 
this winter. The Faculty have passed a rule 



by which students will be ranked in this 
exercise as in recitations, hoping by this 
means to increase the attendance. Probably 
the attempt will be successful, though the 
blow falls with undiminished force upon the 
backs of some of the lazy ones. But, seriously, 
we hope the boys will go in regularly. The 
training is of untold benefit to the physical 
system, and as a training in elocution it is 
beneficial. Probably there is no exercise in 
the whole course that will so fully develop a 
man's ability to express himself in positive, 
clear-cut English as fifteen minutes with the 
clubs and dumb-bells. 

For these and sundry other reasons it is 
not difficult to see the benefits of gymna- 
sium training, and now that we must attend 
let us do so with all the grace possible. 

Too many are apt to think when they 
enter college that the end and aim of their 
college existence is the knowledge derived 
from close application to their text-books. 
This idea of a college education comes about 
naturally enough, but we incline to the 
opinion that it is an erroneous one. We do 
not wish to be understood as condeming 
close application to prescribed studies nor 
the student who holds patiently and persist- 
ently to the fixed curriculum. But we do 
mean to say that the student who does this 
to the exclusion of other means of acquiring 
an education loses, in the end. 

In a certain sense the most important 
part of' his education the student derives 
from his text-books, but this education will 
be. narrow and one-sided if it is not supple- 
mented by outside study and observation. 
" There is an education aside from that of 
the recitation room, which is a j^reparation 
for the exigencies of actual life." This edu- 
cation if rightly acquired and used will 
make him more of a man and a scholar and 
less of a book-worm. There are several 

sources from which we can obtain it but we 
shall speak of only two. 

The first is the reading-room. There 
have been students who never made use of 
the reading-room. The excuse they offered 
was, " I can't afford the time." There is not 
a man in college who cannot spare twenty 
minutes or half an hour every day for peru- 
sal of the papers and magazines. The 
busiest student squanders more time than 
that every day. A practical knowledge of men 
and things and current events is indispensa- 
ble to any man who lays claim to being edu- 
cated, and there is no better source of obtain- 
ing this knowledge than from the papers. 

A second source, even more valuable 
than the first, is the library. A knowledge 
of great writers and thinkers and of their 
works a man must have to be educated. To 
this end the library must be utilized. It is 
a tremendous mistake to think of the library 
as a mere collection of books, without any 
particular value in acquiring a thorough ed- 
ucation, yet some students apparently have 
this idea, if we may judge from the number 
of books charged to them on the record, 
which in some cases is painfully small. 

A course of reading in some study or 
line of thought, marked out with a view to 
practical knowledge is one of the best edu- 
cational influences that a student can avail 
himself of. 

It is gratifying to know that students are 
availing themselves more and more of these 
influences, and we believe that those who 
have given this plan the most thorough trial 
will bear the highest testimony to its prac- 
tical worth. 

A recent number of the New York Mail 
and Express has an article on " Student Co- 
operation in College Government and Disci- 
pline." It says : 

" A recent resignation of a body of the students' 
conference oouiinittee at Princeton and the vacillation 



and weakness of the college senate at Amherst must 
indicate to the authorities the embarrassments which 
attend the policy of allowing the undergraduates to 
participate in their own government Expe- 
rience does not demonstrate its usefulness or expe- 
diency, and we look for the abolition of all student 

advisory committees in the near future It is 

hardly consistent with the dignity or authority of a 
college faculty to call in the assistance of under- 
graduates in the conducting of college affairs, or 
submit its decision for undergraduate approval. 
We believe in a strong centralized faculty gov- 

Williams, Harvard, Princeton, and Bow- 
doin have had some form of student repre- 
sentation for several years and the plan has 
been tried with considerable success in some 
of the Western colleges. 

We do not know how much experience 
the writer quoted has had in the matter of 
student discipline, but we know that as far 
as this college is concerned that undergrad- 
uate participation in college government 
has been a gratifying success. In the cases 
brought before it the jury has in the main 
ruled wisely and well, and we believe that it 
has played an important part in bringing 
about the good feeling that exists between 
faculty and students. 

We see nothing "inconsistent with the 
dignity or authority of a college faculty " in 
delegating to the students a part of its gov- 
ernmental authority. From the nature of 
things students often know more about the 
matter in question, the motives that led to 
its origin and its palliating circumstances, if 
there be any, than the faculty possibly can. 
The judgment of the latter, even when ex- 
ercised as fairly and discriminately as pos- 
sible, is apt to be somewhat unreasoning and 
arbitrary. It is when the judgment of one 
is combined with the sympathetic knowl- 
edge of the other that the best results are 
obtained. And we see nothing in this col- 
lege, at least, that leads us to suppose that 
the system will be abolished until the privi- 
lege is abused. 


Filled with hope, with joy resplendent, 

Lists the crowd, with eager ear bent 

Towards the reader of returns ; 

Then the saddened audience learns 

Hopes all blasted. 

Flames contrasted 

With the 





With the 

Long awaited 

Message, fated 

To bring words of joy or pain. 

Silence ! then, for once again. 

Break the rapturous bursts of feeling — 

Shouts, unto the very stars appealing. 



The article in the last issue of the North 
American Review, entitled " The Fast Set at 
Harvard," has excited universal comment 
and criticism. It is an old saying that " A 
cat can look upon a king ; " and as the peri- 
odical above mentioned did not hesitate to 
publish the views of the student who wrote 
the article, it seems not over-presumptuous 
that another student, in a college publication 
like the Orient, should, at least, offer a 
word of criticism. Our criticism is not upon 
the substance of the article, but upon its 
style and the magazine in which it appeared. 

The North American Review has long en- 
joyed a most enviable reputation. Its bound 
volumes do now, and will for centuries, grace 
the alcoves of all our important libraries. 
There is hardly a respectable reading-room 
in the land where it is not to be found. It 
claims to be, and generally has been, a lib- 
eral, non-partisan and highly-respectable pub- 
lication. It numbers among its contributors 
the first men of the land, and it has been 
honored within the past year by contribu- 
tions from the pen of that great English 



statesman, critic, and scholar whom we esteem 
as the most superb intellect of the world. 

The article by the Harvard student pos- 
sesses many literary merits. It is happy in 
its choice of words, racy and elastic in its 
style, and readable even to a degree of fasci- 
nation. Bat, unfortunately, its merits are 
more than neutralized by many expressions 
and allusions which would find a more fitting 
lodgment in the columns of the National 
Police Grazette, and any one of which ought 
to exclude it from the Review in which it 
appeared. It savors of the very "set " which 
it exposes. It is "fast" itself. Moreover, 
it shows distinctive traces of an undercurrent 
of pique and spite, and casts reflections upon 
the integrity of the Faculty of a venerable 
institution. It is a smart article but hardly 
an able one, for ability should include judg- 
ment, and " Aleck Quest " has certainly 
shown himself as injudicious as he is brill- 

There you have our estimate of the Re- 
view and the expose which it published. If 
you admit these estimates, even in a partial 
degree, are you able to reconcile the two ? 
Perhaps Allan Thorndike Rice has " caught 
the spirit of the times " and is endeavoring 
to adapt his publication to the popular taste. 
From a pecuniary point of view, his course 
may be a politic one, but it seems a thing for 
regret to intelligent Americans that a na- 
tional and representative Review should be 
allowed to degenerate. The literary world 
would be much surprised to find in the Edin- 
burgh Review an article of similar tone, writ- 
ten by an Oxford or Cambridge student on 
the analogous condition which there exists. 


Dear to every son of Bowdoin 
Who has lived within thy walls, 
In thy rooms has worked or reveled, 
Walked thy time-worn, battered halls. 
Venerable, yet unpretentious. 
Walls o'ertopped by ehimneys tall. 

Still unchanged 'mid changed surroundings, 
Stands to-day our old Maine Hall. 

On thy sills and doors and windows 
Many a son has left his name. 
Whom the busy years that followed 
Have brought honor, wealth, or fame. 
May the dear associations 
Of the past to us recall 
All the scenes so fondly clustered 
Round thy name, dear old Maine Hall. 


The forty-second convention of Delta 
Kappa Epsilon was held with the Central 
Club at the Burnet House, Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Wednesday and Thursday, October 24, 25, 
1888. Twenty-six chapters and several 
alumni associations sent delegates. Theta 
was represented by Emery of Bowdoin, and 
Xi, by Lincoln Owen, '89, of Colby. 

Tuesday evening an informal reception 
was tendered the delegates in Parlor A 
of the Burnet. The secret business sessions 
were held in the same room, on Wednesday 
and Thursday mornings. At one of these 
meetings Boston was unanimously chosen as 
the next convention seat. 

Wednesday afternoon the delegates were 
treated to an elegant lunch at the Queen 
City Club House, where the convention pho- 
tograph was taken. That evening a formal 
visit was paid to the Centennial Exposition. 
The members marched through the buildings 
to Music Hall, where an address of welcome 
and informal speeches were listened to, in- 
terspersed with college songs. 

Thursday afternoon Mr. Gamble, of the 
firm Proctor & Gamble, took the boys in a 
special car out to Ivorydale. A visit was 
made to the works and lunch served. 
Souvenirs in the shape of cakes of the J. K. E. 
brand of purest Ivory Soap were presented. 

The banquet was held Thursday evening 
in the Burnet's spacious dining-hall. Covers 
for one hundred were laid. For the post- 



prandium Lieut.-Gov. Samuel F. Hunt was 
President, and Dr. Andrew C. Kemper, 
Toast-Master. Among the toasters were Prof. 
John S. Long of the University of North 
Carolina, Fred Perry Powers of the Chicago 
Times, Hon. Charles P. Taft, and Senator 
James W. Owens. Letters of regret were 
read from ex-President Hayes, Rt. Rev. 
Thos. U. Dudley, Bishop of Kentucky, Gen. 
Francis A. Walker, and others. 

It was far into the night when the dele- 
gates separated with cheers for the generous 
hospitality of the Cincinnati club, all firmly 
resolved to meet again at the Hub in 1889. 


To write the memoirs of a man, who is 
not only living, but in active public life, is 
a most difficult task; and we can imagine no 
life which presents a more varied one than 
that of Mr. Gladstone. Although seventy- 
eight years of age, and although he has nom- 
inally retired from the leadership of a party, 
his intellectual and political activity is 
greater to-day than that of any man in the 
United Kingdom. His character and career 
still divide the judgments, and stir up the 
passions of his contemporaries to an almost 
unparalleled degree ; and it will be many 
years before they can be discussed in England 
with that coolness and moderation essential 
to an impartial and just consideration of 

As a public speaker and Parliamentary 
debater, he has had no equal since the days 
of Fox and Pitt ; and we may justly say that, 
in the pages of English History, the name of 
Gladstone outshines them all as a reasoner. 
As an orator he has been sometimes com- 
pared to Burke, and in a few respects he re- 
sembles the " great impeacher." But it is 
doubtful if Mr. Gladstone's speeches will be 
read in future years as are Burke's to-day. 
Of all the positions for which he seems emi- 

nently fitted, that of a political leader seems 
to be the greatest. As a party leader he has 
been often surpassed, but as a leader of the 
people, one who can arouse the popular con- 
science and guide popular opinion, he stands 
without a peer. 

From his first speech in the House of 
Commons in defense of the West India in- 
terest, when the bill abolishing slavery was 
introduced, we find in him that power and 
eloquence which have since marked his 
course through life. The earnestness of that 
appeal drove out everything save the great 
cause at hand. Of all his speeches none 
attracted such great attention and were read 
with such universal comment as his speech 
in the House of Commons a few years since, 
on giving to Ireland the freedom of her soil. 
He voluntarily abandons his position as 
leader of his party to aid those whom he 
once despised, and to advocate the principles 
he long felt had been abused. To describe 
the wrongs of the country whose freedom 
he has advocated, would be to dramatize the 
history of that country, during and since 
the reign of Henry the VIII., the pictures of 
ruined homes, of separated families, — some 
gone to the scaffold and others exiled for- 
ever. Throughout the period that gave to 
English literature the works of Spenser, 
Shakespeare, and Milton, of Pope, Dryden, 
and Addison, the period through which it 
may be said the intellect of the modern En- 
glish nation was being formed and cultivated 
and its civilization refined, Ireland was hav- 
ing the eyes of the mind darkened, and in- 
tellectual blindness and habits and tastes of 
barbarism forced upon it by British law. 

Despite all disadvantages, Ireland makes 
a goodly showing upon the r61e of the schol- 
ars, soldiers, and statesmen. Swift, Gold- 
smith, Sheridan, Moore, and Carlton in 
literature; Burke, Curran, Plunkett, Shirl, 
and O'Connell in oratory, statesmanship, 
and politics- In the early struggle of Amer- 



ica for independence we find her aided by 
those high in social and political power, 
those whose eloquence had vibrated through 
the legislative halls of Westminster, and 
resounded across the deep waters of the 
Atlantic to the ears of Washington and 
Patrick Henry. We see the Hungarian 
chief, whose life had been spent that he 
might see the flag of peace float as an en- 
sign of freedom over an unquestioned re- 
public, encouraged, and the arms of a new 
world opened to receive him. But never 
before have the wrongs of any country been 
advocated by a guardian of the oppressor. 
Educated to be ever faithful and to promul- 
gate only those teachings which would be 
beneficial to England, we find William Ewart 
Gladstone, in the fall of 1885, emerging, as 
it were, into a new sphere of life. 

That venerable statesman, whom the 
student of literature in future years will 
study with admiration, and whose speeches 
will resound through the halls of Christen- 
dom, arises from his seat in Parliament to 
make the crowning effort of his life, — the 
liberation of the Irish people from the Brit- 
ish yoke. Although at present his attempts 
have been foiled by Lord Salisbury and his 
colleagues, the manly power and argumen- 
tative force of that appeal have as yet re- 
mained unanswered ; and we may yet expect 
to see the fulfillment of his desires, and we 
can hope of no attainment that would add 
magnitude to the crowning effort of his 
eventful life. 


[The class of '61, wlien in college, had the following song, 
preserved verbally before and since, printed. An alumnus has 
kindly permitted us to publish a literal copy.] 

Air — " MalbrooJc." 
It is the " Bowdoin Creed,'''' sir, 
Never to run to seed, sir, 
But to take especial heed, sir, 

To drive dull care away. 

To drive dull care away. 

To drive dull care avfay ; 

It's a way we have at Old Bowdoin, 

It's a way we have at Old Bowdoin, 

It's a way we have at Old Bowdoin, 

To drive dull care away. 

We think it no great sin, sir. 
To suck the Freshmen in, .sir. 
And ease them of their tin, sir, 
To drive dull care away, etc. 

You never should look blue, sir, 

If you chance to take a " screw," *'sir. 

To us it's nothing new, sir, 

To drive dull care away, etc. 

When creditors vex with bills, sir, 
A dose of sole leather pills, sir. 
Will rid us of these ills, sir. 

And drive dull care away, etc. 

We like to take our ease, sir, 
With a damsel on our knees, sir. 
And give her a hearty squeeze, sir, 
To drive dull care away, etc. 

We think it no great hurt, sir. 
With foolish girls to flirt, sir, 
And then to give 'em " the shirt," sir, 
To drive dull care away, etc. 

Our meerschaums oft we stuff, sir. 
With good tobacco, enough, sir. 
And take many a hearty puff, sir. 
To drive dull care away, etc. 

Good brandy gives a gist, sir. 
In playing a rubber of whist, sir, 
Which no one can resist, sir. 

Who'd drive dull care away, etc. 

When nothing better is near, sir. 
We take a noggin of beer, sir. 
To keep our hearts in cheer, sir. 
And drive dull care away, etc. 

But sugar, and nutmeg, and gin, sir. 
Made into a nipper of sling, sir. 
We find the very best thing, sir. 
To drive dull care away, etc. 

Thus ends the '' Bowdoin Creed,'''' sir, 
Which may you ever read, sir. 
And take especial heed, sir, 

To drive dull care away, etc. 

Bowdoin College, June, 1860. 

* "Screw."— Close questioning of a student who very appar- 
ently had not mastered bis subject. 



Tell me what gens is the Freshman rash. 
Who shoots off his mouth with all sorts of 

And receives aquapura for being so brash ? 
Gens asinorum. 

Tell me what gens is the wild Sophomore, 
Who puts every poor Freshie over the door, 
And talks all the time about wallowing in gore ? 


By the carelessness of the proof-reader. Moody, 
'SO, and Downes, '92, were incorrectly reported as 
being members of '91, in the last issue of the Orient. 

Dudley, '91, will teach in Milan, N. H., this 

The appointments for the Sophomore Prize Dec- 
lamation are as follows : Bangs, Burleigh, Burr, 
Cilley, Foss, Emerson Hilton, Jarvis, Jordan, 
Parker, Porter, Smith, Wright. 

Jackson, '89, has left college. He will teach in 
Oakland this winter. 

Several of the students are competing for the 
position of organist, to succeed ThwiYig at the end of 
this year. It is said that Gurney or Gummer will be 
the successful candidate. 

The A. K. E. club are boarding at Mrs. Odiorne's, 
on Noble Street. 

An elfigy, placarded with the numerals '92, was 
found suspended in the chapel one morning recently. 
It showed the handiwork of some aspiring Freshie. 

Since our last issue the Juniors have had a week's 
adjourn in German and the Seniors one of three days 
in Psychology, Professor Johnson and President 
Hyde being out of town. 

The number of book dealers in college is increas- 
ing, C. H. Fogg being the last man to enter the 

The Bowdoin Quartette gave a very successful 
concert at Woolwich, October 31st. The Glee Club 
has accepted no engagements as yet. 

A meeting of the students was called in Lower 
Memorial, October 31st, to listen to proposals for 

lighting the dormitories by electricity. The prices 
proposed by the company were as follows : 

One light, per month, $ .80 

Two lights, per month 1.40 

Three lights, per month, 2.20 

An extra light, if wanted, will be paid for according 
to the number of hours used. Probably they will 
not be put in, most of the boys feeling that the price 
is too high. 

Several of the Seniors have joined teachers- 
agencies, and many more will before the end of the 
year. A good agency is advertised in the Orient, 
and the Business Editor will be glad to receive the 
registry fee of any members of the college, an 
arrangement having been made with the agency that 
a certain number of fees be taken in payment for 

Manson, ex-'89, was in town a few days ago. He 
is employed in the oiSce of the Somerset Railway at 

Rice and Neal went on a gunning trip to Harps- 
well a few days since with excellent success. 

Some few nights since the furniture was taken out 
of the reading-room and placed in a more elevated 
position on the campus. Such pranks make some 
extra work for the janitor, but show no great amount 
of brains or power of ingenuity on the part of the 




My dearest friend, I cannot feigu 

That for your face I entertain 
No admiration, and if you 
Would give your modest self its due 

You'd think as I do, I maintain. 

No flattery my words contain, 
For that my Muse feels but disdain ; 
My tribute is sincere and true. 
My dearest friend. 

From writing this I can't refrain. 
I trust that I may still retain 

Your friendship and your favor, too. 

If you are vexed — what shall I do ? 
I hope, though, that you'll still remain 

My dearest friend! * 

The next Junior themes are due November 21st. 
Subjects as follows : 

I. The influence of Sir Walter Scott's writings. 

II. In what way should the national government 
encourage scientific investigation ? 

The Seniors had an examination in Political 



Economy November 3d, and in Psychology Novem- 
ber 9th. 

M. A. Tenney has advertised on the bulletin 
board some excellent bargains in bicycles. 

Mr. Whittier is at home sick. The gymnasium 
instruction will be deferred until his return. 

The next convention of Theta Delta Chi will be 
held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York City, 
November 19-21. F. M. Russell will be one of the 

Twenty-one members of tlie Senior class went 
home to vote. 

Last Sunday afternoon President Hyde pre- 
sented in chapel some thoughts natural!)' sug- 
gested by the recent election and campaign. He said 
that in the campaign there were some things to re- 
joice over and some to be regretted. It was a clean 
campaign. Not a personal one, but one fought on 
issues, issues which were living and not dead. These 
issues have caused the breaking up of party lines 
somewhat, and threaten the destruction of sectional- 
ism. In the near future there is likely not to be a 
solid South against an almost solid North. The 
amount of self-interest brought out in the fight is such 
as to give pain. Not for many years has so much 
money been given, nor have men voted so strongly, 
to secure their own interests. The moral enthusiasm 
of the war has died out. The moral enthusiasm over 
the great economic questions is yet to be evoked. 
But the time is coming when people will see beyond 
their own self-interests and look to the common weal. 
The campaign now closed is one to give great satis- 
faction, and especially to young men. The war 
questions are settled, new questions are coming up, 
and with these, new men must rise to meet them. 
The leadership must fall on men who will study, 
master, and solve the great economic problems. All 
things becoming new opens up a good field to am- 
bitious educated men. There is no higher service 
for God than application to these questions with in- 
tent to help remedy them, and if the American peo- 
ple do this faithfully we shall indeed become that 
happy nation whose God is the Lord. 

Dr. Arthur R. Header, M. S., '88, of Waterville, 
goes to New York City to pursue a graduate course 
in medicine. The Balh Sentinel refers to him as a 
D.D. ! 

The quinquennial supplement to Poole's Periodi- 
cal Index has just been placed in the library. It cov- 
ers the time from January, 1882, to January, 1887. 
From that date to this there are the co-operative 
quarterly indexes, and also an author index for 1887. 

These indexes include all the leading English and 
American magazines, with which the library is nota- 
bly well supplied. Three good periodicals not on 
the shelves are LippincoWs, Scribner's, and the Amer- 
ican Magaziiie, back and current numbers of which 
it is some day hoped to add. 

Tibbets, '91, is teaching at Woolwich. 

A prominent athlete of '90 was recently overheard 
thus seriously soliloquizing : " Thanksgiving comes 
November 25th. Let me see, that brings it on Sun- 
day this year ! " 

The boys are paying off their election bets. Some 
novel ones, of course, were made. A Soph was no- 
ticed, the other day, calmly smiling while a class- 
mate poured aqua frigida over his manly form. 
'Staches and siders are disappearing all around, and, 
conversely, virgin lips and cheeks are in many cases 
donning most curious garbs of hair. Two prominent 
college men will, Friday noon, make a novel trip to 
the post-office and back. One is to ride the other, 
both wearing Phi Chi hats and having their faces 
striped with red and yellow paint. It is proposed to 
have a college band accompany them. 

November ll-18th is the week of prayer for the 
Y. M. C. A.'s of the country. 

There were no adjourns on election day. 

Thursday evening, the 8th, the ubiquitous small 
boys of Brunswick, to the number of thirty, invaded 
the campus with torch and drum, cheering for the 
Republican victory and the Bowdoin votes which 
helped it. 

Since the communication 
from Mr. Bridge, concern- 
the living members of the class 
of '25, was published, much interest 
has been manifested in regard to the sur- 
viving members of the earlier classes of 
Bowdoin College. The first class, graduated in the 
year 1806, contained six members, and from that 
time until 1820 one hundred and eighteen students 
received their degrees. Now it will be of interest 
to all to learn that of this number not one is alive 
to-day. Gradually the number has diminished until 



the class of 1820 claims the honor of being the earli- 
est class having a graduate remaining among us. 
The following account contains the names of the liv- 
ing graduates of the classes between 1820 and 1830 : 

'20.— Rev. Dr. Thos. T. Stone, born in Waterford, 
and after finishing college course studied Theology 
in Augusta. Has filled a number of pastorates, and 
now resides in Newton, Mass. 

'21. — Dr. Kufus Gushing was born in Brunswick, 
and studied medicine under such men as Dr. James 
McKeen and Dr. John Wells. His present residence 
is in Brewer, Me. 

'21. — Isaac W. Wheelwright first began preach- 
ing, but afterwards turned his attention to teaching. 
Of him it may be said that he is a descendant of the 
Eev. John Wheelwright, brother of Ann Hutchinson, 
and a man who so thoroughly clung to the doctrines 
held by this family that he was banished from Bos- 
ton. Isaac Wheelwright now resides in South By- 
field, Mass. 

'22. — Hon. John Appleton, born in New Ipswich, 
N. H., in 180i; studied law. Of the life of this 
most respected man nothing need be said. Suffice it 
to say that in 1860 the degree of LL.D. was con- 
ferred upon him by this college. 

'22. — Chas. E. Barrett has lived for many years in 
Portland, and held many positions of trust. 

'22.— Dr. D. H. Storer was born in 1804; studied 
medicine, and settled in Boston. He was the origi- 
nator of the Tremont Street Medical School. Dr. 
Stevens is widely known, both as a scholar and as an 
easy and effective speaker. 

'22.— Rev. D. D. Tappan, a professor in Cam- 
bridge, and afterwards preacher; now lives in Tops- 
field, Mass. 

'23. — Rev. Jonas Burnham has spent most of his 
life in teaching. The Orient lately contained a 
sketch of his later years ; now resides in Farming- 
ton, Me. 

'23.— Richard W. Dummer ; present residence is 
in Big Springs, Kan. 

'24. — Frederick W. Burke ; residence, New York 
City, N. Y., is the sole survivor of this class. 

'25. — The six members remaining in this class 
ai'e spoken of in the last number of the Orient. 

'27. — Hon. Alpheus Felch, LL.D., spoken of in 
last Orient, now residing in Ann Harbor, Mich. 

'27. — Wm. M. Vaughn, of Cambridge, Mass. 

'28.— Rev. Silas Baker, of Standish, Me. 

'28. — Hon. Henry Weld Fuller, a lawyer of much 
note, now i-esiding in Roxbury, Mass. 

'28. — Rev. Sanford A. Kingsbury, Upper Alton, 

'28. — Rev. Joseph Loring, of East Otisfield, Me. 

'29. — Hon. Richard L. Evans, of Washington, 
D. C. 

'29. — Alexander R. Green, of Terry, Miss. 

'29.— John F. Hartley, LL.D., of Saco, Me. 

'29.— Rev. Joseph W. Session, of Chaplin, Conn. 

'29. — Professor Moses Soule, of Lyons, Iowa. 

'29.— Dr. Wm. Wood, of Portland, Me. 

'30. — Rev. D. Q. Cushman, Warren, Me. 

'30.— Hon. Thos. Drummond, LL.D., of Winfield, 

'30. — Samuel D. Hubbard, of Montgomery, Ala. 

'30. — General Wm. S. Lincoln, of Worcester, 

'30. — Rev. Joseph Stockbridge, D.D., of Plains- 
field, N. J. 

'55. — Hon. Wm. L. Putnam has been stumping in 
the State of Michigan. 

'63. — Many of the students who noticed the kindly 
face of Charles U. Bell, last Commencement, will be 
glad to hear that he is one of the fourteen Republi- 
can electors of Massachusetts. 

'60. — Hon. William W. Thomas, Jr., made a ily- 
ing trip home this week, and then started back for 
more work in the field political. For a man who 
has had his chronic bad luck he shows remarkable 
willingness to do his best to help the party out. If 
General Harrison is elected president it is probable 
that he will apply for the mission to Sweden once 
more, having a decided liking for that country. Mr. 
Thomas is a delightful talker, and if you only think 
as he does he will talk you into the belief that defeat 
is out of the question. Still he admits that he has 
talked only with Republicans, and doesn't think his 
opinions of special value. Mr. Thomas will bear 
the defeat of his presidential candidate well, and 
will have, it is to be hoped, plenty of time for the 
next four years to devote to literary matters. He 
has a history of Sweden on hand, besides various 
sketches and random studies, worthy of being worked 
up when he has the time to do it. — Herald, Oct. 21, 

'64. — Hon. Charles F. Libby returned home from 
a three weeks' tour through Colorado the past week, 
highly elated with the country. He speaks in 
glowing terms of the city of Denver, and says that it 
possesses one of the finest high-school buildings that 
he has ever seen, a magnificent court house, and one 
of the best opera houses in the world, while its 
private residences will rival the costly villas of New- 
port. — Press. 

'72. — Hon. Herbert M. Heath is mentioned as the 
probable President of the Maine Senate. 

'74. — E. Dudley Freeman, ex-'74, and graduate 



of Amherst, is Senator elect from Cumberland 

'84. — Albert F. Sweetsir, ex-'84, lawyer in Win- 
terport, Me., is County Attorney elect from Waklo 
County, and ran ahead of his ticket. 

'85. — Boyd Bartlett is now traveling for Ginn & 
Co., of Boston. 


Daniel Goodnow, a graduate of Dartmouth, is 
completing a course in the Dartmouth Medical 

Richards Webb is a lawyer in Portland, Me. 

John R. Gould is cashier of First National Bank 
of Augusta. 

Thomas Leigh, Jr., a graduate of Dartmouth, 
was lately admitted to the Kennebec Bar. 

'88. — Wm. R. Coding has resigned the principal- 
ship of the Alfred High School and will pursue the 
study of law at the Boston University Law School. 


Hall of Theta, a. k. b., > 
Nov. 2, 1888. S 

Whereas, It has been pleasing to our Heavenly 
Father to take from us by death, brothers Charles 
Henry Wheeler of the class of '47, and E. L. Keyes 
of the class of '65 who have always been true and hon- 
orable members of the Fraternity ; therefore, be it 
Resolved, That we, the members of Theta of A. K. 
E., bowing in submission to the Divine Will, deeply 
regret the death of our brotliers ; 

Resolved, That we extend our heartfelt sympathy 
to the friends and relatives of the deceased ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to each chapter of the Fraternity ; also a copy printed 
in the Bowdoin Orient. 

James L. Doherty, '89, 
Algernon S. Dyer, '91, 
Roy F. Bartlett, '92. 

Among the scholars of all nations who were hon- 
ored recently by the doctor's degree from the Univer- 
sity of Bologna were the following Americans : James 
Russell Lowell, David Dudley Field, Prof Adams, 
and Prof. Agassiz. — Tuf Ionian. 

Over one hundred students were suspended from 
the University of Berlin during the last semester for 
insufficient attention to study. — Hx. 

I told her that I loved her, 
And had never loved another. 
And I asked her if from picking up a husband she would 
Slie turned her head so neatly, 
And she said so very sweetly, 
" [ really couldn't tell you. Ask my papa what I think." 
— Yale Courant. 

Lehigh has adopted the cap and grown as college 
garb. — Cornell Era. 

The Amherst branch of the college Y. M. C. A. 
has been disbanded for lack of funds. — Yale Record. 

Yale is the first American College to have lectures 
in Volapiik. — Ex. 

When cool the nights of summer are, 
How sweet to while the hours away, 
With dancing in a measure gay. 
To music of the low guitar 
And Castanet. 

And of it all my sweetest part, 
To lead Zelinda in the dance; 
For (let me whisper) with one glance 
The dark-eyed girl around my heart, 

Has cast a net. — Williams Weekly. 

The following is the college yell at Bucknell Uni- 
versity : Yah ! Yah ! ! Yoo ! ! ! Bucknell B. U. Wah 
hoo ! Hoo wah ! ! Bang ! ! ! ! 

Miami University has the youngest college pres- 
ident on record, Ethel bert D. Warfield, being an '82 
man at Princeton. — The Lafayette. 

Behind the close-drawn portiere, 
She was seated in languid repose. 
And looked so bewitchingly fair. 
Behind the close-drawn portiere. 
That I— well, I would tell, if I dare, 
How at last up in arms she arose 
From behind the close-drawn portiSre, 
Where she rested in languid repose. 

Alone and despondent to-night, 
I sit by the same portiSre; 
I have tied from the music and light. 
Alone and unhappy to-night, 



In a truly deplorable plight, 
I gaze at the now vacant chair, 
As alone and unhappy to-night 
I sit by the drawn portiere. 

— Dartmouth Literary Monthly. 

Yale has graduated 13,444 students, of whom 
about half are living. — Ex. 

Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) has received 
the degree of Master of Arts from Yale University. 


According to the New York Herald of October 14tli, 
the yells adopted by the class of '92 at the various 
American institutions are as follows : 

Yale. — " Bric-a-kex-kex, coax, coax, bric-a-kex- 
kex, coax, coax, whuop, whuop, parabaloo — '92." 

Harvard. — "John's gun is up the flue, rushed up 
by '92!" (91's cry is "Johnny get your gun, '91.") 

Cornell. — " Nine-ty-two, OU! Nine-ty-two : We 
are the stuff; We ARE the stuff !— Scat ! 

Columbia.— " Rah-rah-rah ! C-0-L-U-M-B-I-A ! 

Amherst. — " Hal-lab-aloo, hal-lab-aloo, Am-herst, 

Dartmouth. — " Wah-hoo-wah ! Wah-hoo-wah! 
Da-da-a-da-Darlraouth ! Ninety-tvvo ! T-i-g-e-r-r-r-r ! " 

Lafayette.— ^lia.\i\ 'Rah! 'Rah! Duoetnon-a-ginta! 
Laf-ay-ette !" 

Syracuse. — "What, who— ninety-two — ne plus 
ultra, ninety-two." 

Union. — "Ra! ra! ra! Ru ! ru ! ru ! Boom-a- 
ling, booni-a-ling. Ninety-two." 

Brown. — " Hicky-lIickj'-How-Ri-Ninety-two ! 

Williams . — " Hi-0-Ki-O-Ya-Ya-Ya-Duo-Kai-eu- 
enaonta !" 

Trinity. — " Trin-I-tee ! Trin-I-tee ! How are you ? 
We're all right. We're '92." 

Rutgers.— "Wish-hi-hal Wish-Ia-hoo ! Eight- 

Bowdoin. — "'Rail! 'Rail! 'Rah! Hallabaloo, 
Bowdoin, Bowdoin, ninety-two." 

Dickinson. — " Hoo-ra-roi)-1892-'92-rali-rali-roo- 
'92, Dick-in-son !" 

Stevens. — "'Rah, 'Rah, Gray! 'Rah, 'Rah, Blue ! 
Boom, Rah, Stevens! Ninety-tvvo!" 

Wesleyan. — "Kola, Kata, Wesleiana, '92, '92. 
'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah!" 

The University of Pennsylvania has built a $1,100 
green house for the cultivation of iilants for botanical 
work. — Ex. 

At Amherst the examination system has been 
entirely abolished, and a series of written recitations 
at intervals throughout the term have been substi- 
tuted. — Ex. 

There are forty-two college graduates employed 
on Boston newspapers, seventeen of whom are from 
Harvard. — Ex. 

The Faculty of Boston College has prohibited the 
publication of the Stylus, the organ of that school. 
— Ex. 

Over tvvo thousand University students were in 
line at the funeral procession of the Emperor Wil- 
liam. — Ex. 

At the last Commencement of Columbia College 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts was conferred upon a 
young woman. The first one to receive such a de- 
gree from that college. — Ex. 

The four leading female colleges in America are 
Wellesley with 020 students. Smith with 367, Vassar 
with 283, and Bryn Mawr with 79.—Ex. 


Among the Theologies. — Hiram Orcutt, LL.D. Boston : 

W. B. Clarke & Co., 1888. 

"During the past winter the author has spent his 
leisure hours among the theologies, that he might, 
by careful and prayerful study, more fully determine 
his own position, and this little volume presents the 
result of his investigation." 

The book is no more and no less valuable than 
one would expect from so superficial an approach to 
so profound a theme. It is simply a plea for Univer- 
salisra, and differs from other attempts to establish 
the doctrine of universal salvation only in the more 
frank and unhesitating manner in which he sets forth 
the good-natured fatalism which all advocates of 
Universalism rest their argument upon, but which 
more guarded writers generallj' endeavor to conceal. 
"God's goodness is almighty," and man's free-will 
ultimately comes to nothing, ever have been the 
foundation stones of the Universalist creed. But 
never have we seen so frank a statement of it as is 
given here. 

Alden's Manftold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
Language, with Illustrations. 'Vol. 6. Bkavo — 
Calvjlle. New York: John B. Alden, 1888. 
It has been customary to say of a man whose 
knowledge is of an unusually minute or exact char- 
acter, that " he must study the dictionary." The 
expression was heard more frequently a few years 
ago than it is in this day of specialists, when knowl- 
edge upon any subject is supposed to be much more 
cyclopedic than was thought needful in earlier 
times. The remark was commonly made in a semi- 




humorous, half-sarcastic manner, which implied that 
the speaker deemed such study of the dictionary 
rather foolish and unworthy ; but that careful and 
intelligent study of the much-abused word book may 
be made of great value and interest no one, upon 
a little consideration, can deny. 

For illustration, take the word "candidate." This 
word has been ringing in our ears for the past six 
months, and yet who ever paused to think what the 
word re?Jly means ? A few moments' perusal of the 
dictionary would solve the question something after 
this style : "Candidate" is derived from the Latin 
candidus. Candidas means " white." But why is a 
candidate something white? Simply because in 
Rome it was the custom for all those who wished to 
be elected to some office b}' a popular vote, to pre- 
sent themselves beforehand to the people attired in 
white togas, and so such applicants for suffrage came 
to be known as " candidates. ^^ 

Again, whj' are certain books known as " clas- 
sics ? " Once more referring to the dictionary we find 
that in Rome men were assigned, according to 
wealth, to the fourth, third, or second class, as the 
case might be, and their rank was designated by 
corresponding numerical terms. The man of the 
first class was " classicus,^^ of the class, no further 
definition being necessary. From this the best au- 
thors came to be known as " elassici''\ and so to-day 
we have "classic" authors and "classic" works, 
meaning thereby first-class authors and first-class 

After the same manner we learn that calico is so 
named because first imported from Calicut in the 
East Indies. Indeed, the French word is " Calicot." 
Cambric came first from Cambrai in France, and so 
on. It is not necessary to multiply examples. 
Enough has been said, already, to make manifest the 
good to be derived from dictionary study. 

Alden's Cyclopedia, aside from its value as a more 
extended work of reference, is useful for just such 
study as this. The work combines definition with 
description. It is both a dictionary and a cyclopedia, 
and he who consults its pages, with a view to its first 
named function, will find it reliable and complete. 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this office the record of carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charge to school officers for services rendered. 


Now IS THE Time to Register for accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a week passes when vre do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Fortyis and Circulars sent free. 


You have peculiar facilities for reaching out over the whole 
United States second to no agency in the country. We shall not 
forget you . 

Monson Academy. D. M. D. 

Thanks for your promptness. Your information was ample, 
and candidates e.\cellent and more salisfactory than those sug- 
gested by the other agencies I named. 

tVitcox Female Institute, Camden, Ala. C. S. D. 

I desire to thank you for the very able manner in which you 
aesistefl me in obtaining a teacher. 

Atiddletown, Conn. E. H. Vf. 

I tuUy believe that you conduct the best Teachers' Bureau in 
the nation, ami shall nut fail to seek your aid in the future. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

E. T. P. 

The positien I have received through your aid is most satis- 
factory, and I thank you for securing it for me. 
Marloiu, N. H. 

A. W. T. 

I wish to thank you for the excelleut work you have done 
for me. 

Springfield, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIRAM ORCUTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 


Vol. XVIir. 


No. 10. 





F. L. Staples, '80, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Watts, '80, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 cents. 

Extra nopics can iKJ obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Ruslness Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Stutlen'ts, Professors, and Alumni are iuvited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mall Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. IO.-November 28, 1888. 

Thought 137 

Editorial Notes * 137 

Comments Upon Comments, 138 

Advantages of Whist, 139 

More ! 140 

Historic Scraps, 140 

The Profusion of Modern Literature 141 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 143 

Personal, 145 

College World 146 

Book Reviews 147 


A thought, — and can it really be 
That this belongs alone to trie? 
I, — what ara I that I should claim 
This thing of earth in mental frame ? 
My soul makes bold itself to free 
From fetters drear, and seeks to claim 
The objects 'round, — the brook, the tree, — 
As were itself and they the same. 
Dispute this power ? Ah me, 'twere vain 
To proffer to your God, disdain ; 
He is the One and He alone 
Through whom such things as thoughts are 

lerican undergraduate of 
to-day do less thinking than his college an- 
cestor of three generations ago ? There is 
considerable diversity of opinion on this sub- 
ject and there has been considerable discus- 
sion of it. Those who hold to the affirma- 
tive side of the question assert confidently 
that the mental powers of the American stu- 
dent are on the wane. They say this is 
chargeable to the increase of the curriculum, 
the result of the tendency towards speciali- 
zation which is a distinctive feature of the 
present educational system. In defense of 
their position they cite a long list of men, 
famous in various directions, trained under 
the old meager curriculum, and with over- 
weening confidence demand like results of 
the new system. Without disparaging the 
ability or attempting to detract from the 
fame of those in past generations, who, con- 
quering all difficulties, attained to enviable 
distinction, we do desire to free the under- 
graduate of to-day from the charge of de- 
generacy, as far as we are able. 

In a prominent American magazine of a 
recent date a list of men was given, who, at 
the beginning of the present century were 
either undergraduates or had but just com- 
pleted the college course. It included names 
famous in law, statesmanship, and literature, 
and it was a magnificent tribute to the use- 
fulness and practical worth of " the old mea- 



ger curriculum." Yet these men did not 
compose more than two per cent, of the un- 
dergraduates of that time. What, then, are 
we to tliink of the abilities of the other ninety- 
eight per cent. ? Applying to them the same 
criterion which their defenders apply to stu- . 
dents of a later day, we cannot fairly esti- 
mate them as more than mediocre. 

Again. The defenders of the old cur- 
riculum would, apparently, have us believe 
that Bowdoin, the Adamses, Hamilton, Jay, 
Madison, Longfellow, Hawthorne, and others 
whom they mention had reached the meas- 
ure of their fame the day they left the halls 
of Alma Mater. They place all the renown 
of their later years to the credit of their col- 
lege studies. But no one will admit that 
this is fair or just to the men themselves. 

The general course of instruction now in 
vogue has not been in operation more than 
two decades, and yet it is expected to furnish 
men who have attained as great renown in 
twenty years as men trained under the old 
system did in fifty or sixty. In short, one 
system is judged in its completion, the other 
in its inception. Can anything be more un- 
fair or illogical? 

We have said that the distinctive feature 
of the modern educational system is special- 
ization. It is too much to expect that a man 
can excel in everything ; he may in one, and 
it is just this that the present system hopes 
to bring about. It lays before the student 
many branches of learning, aids him in select- 
ing some one and helps him to become mas- 
ter of it. It offers as splendid inducements 
to original investigation as any system of 
education ever taught; if rightfully eraploj'ed 
it will develop the art of serious, sober, log- 
ical thinking, and we believe that the Amer- 
ican student of to-day recognizes its benefits 
and appreciates his advantages. 

When this system has been in operation 
long enough to bear fruit, wlien we can judge 
It in its maturity, wlien those who are pur- 

suing it have reached the end of their labors, 
we doubt not that it will show results as 
gratifying and as splendid as the other. 
Until then let us suspend our criticism and 
give the new method the benefit of untram- 
meled operation. 

Between Thanksgiving and Christmas the 
various class elections will probably be held. 
In the past few years the elections on the 
whole have not been accompanied by a spirit 
of Unfriendly, inter-fraternity rivalry, as they 
formerly were. This, in one of the classes 
now in college, has been prevented by an 
agreement entered into by representatives of 
the various fraternities which has been rig- 
idly adhered to. Its beneficent results are 
apparent in the good feeling which has 
always existed in the class. College societies 
show themselves at their worst when they 
mingle in college politics, and they certainly 
will unless a check is imposed in the shape 
of a constitution or some similar agreement. 
We think the plan has demonstrated its use- 
fulness sufficiently to be adopted by all the 


Having read Aleck Quest's " Fast Set at 
Harvard " in the November North American 
Review, not at all do we agree with the com- 
ments broached upon it by a contributor to 
the last Oeient. No more does our opinion 
coincide with the same Orient's editorial 
which stated that were Quest seeking to in- 
stitute reform at Harvard he had better 
applj'' some other remedy than he did, but 
which, instead of specifying the cure, left all 
in shadow and passed on to enlarge upon 
the purity of Bowdoin. 

Whatever Quest's motive in writing as 
he did, matters not. Whether he was look- 
ing to a correction of abuses, or merely to 
raise a scandal with them, is all the same, 



since either result is of necessity accompa- 
nied by the other. Supposing, then, his 
object to have been correction, what better 
way of procedure was there under the cir- 
cumstances than by exposure ? We cannot 
suggest. Quest could not gain personal 
access to this fast set and work among them. 
He could not approach the unapproachable. 
He could not influence nor inform a self- 
blinded Faculty. If, then, we are to have 
exposure there must be no half-way business ; 
it must be whole-hearted and made with un- 
gloved hands. Otherwise it will fail of pop- 
ular attention — do neither harm nor good. 
We conclude, therefore, that Quest's un- 
doubtedly truthful statements were not too 

Occasional such exposes as this are the 
salvation of exclusive things like Harvard. 
It is better that these little washings-out 
take place than that corruption thrive undis- 
turbed in intestinal darkness till the whole 
community be social rottenness and incapa- 
ble of purification. Nor are Quest's insinu- 
ations against the Harvard Faculty more 
than can be made against all human nature. 
If they be true, a charitable mind can almost 
excuse the Faculty on this ground alone, 
that they, like other human clay, dread to 
see their flowers broken by self-instigated 

The allusions in the Review article are 
not more expressive than the case in hand 
demands. To produce the living result, 
plainness and something more than plainness 
was a necessity, and therefore, neither the 
North American Revieiv nov any other worthy 
publication could comj)romise itself in print- 
ing what it did. Sometimes even the pure 
must speak the truth and have no right to 
withhold. We are, then, persuaded that in 
accepting this article Mr. A. T. Rice came 
far from " catching the spirit of the times " 
in the sense indicated, or from attempting to 
cater to the "popular taste." 

In fact, there is no true analogy between 
Aleck Quest's paper and the productions in- 
dustriously sought for and paraded by the 
Boston Globe and other sensational journals 
which offer daily disgrace and menace to 
American character. 


Of all the games that have a peculiarly 
fascinating grasp upon the time and heart 
of a student, undoubtedly that of the famil- 
iar game, whist, is greatest. 

It is not our intention to state here the 
principles or rules of the game, as those can 
easily be found in Hoyle ; but it is our pur- 
pose to show how beneficial and instructive 
that game is to the human mind; how it 
leads one to grasp unknown things and al- 
most makes an experienced player seem pos- 
sessed of that fabled power, " second sight." 

Whist has long been noted for its influ- 
ence upon what is termed the calculating 
power, and the greatest intellects of the age 
are known to take an apparently unaccounta- 
ble delight in it. Certainly there is some- 
thing in the game so greatly tasking the 
faculty of analysis, of studying your own as 
well as the other hands, that proficiency in 
whist implies capacity for success in all the 
more important undertakings of the mind. 

By proficiencjr we mean that perfection, 
that thorough knowledge of the game which 
includes a comprehension of all the sources 
whence legitimate advantage can be derived. 
It is beyond matters of mere rules that the 
skill of the whist player is evinced. He 
makes in silence a host of observations and 
inferences, and the difference in the extent 
of the information obtained lies not so much 
in the validity of the inference as in the 
quality of the observation. The true and 
necessary knowledge is that of what to ob- 
serve. The observant player considers the 
mode of assorting the cards in each hand, 



often the counting trump by trumpand suit by 
suit, by the glances of interest and pleasure 
bestowed upon them by each player. He 
notes every variation of face as the play 
progresses, gathering a fund of thought from 
the differences in the expression — of cer- 
tainty, of surprise, of pleasure, of chagrin. 

After closely studying the first three or 
four rounds, he has the key to the vs^hole 
situation, and is then able to play v^ith as 
absolute precision as though the faces of all 
the cards vs^ere turned towards him. As the 
strong man exults in his physical ability, de- 
lighting in such exercises as call his muscles 
into action, so glories the whist player in 
that which disentangles; which brings about 
inferences caused by the very soul and es- 
sence of method. It is a well-known fact 
that the constitutions of many students in 
colleges have often been irretrievably im- 
paired, on account of their too close con- 
finement to their studies. Their bodies de- 
mand both mental relaxation and physical 
exercise. We will leave our worthy gym- 
nasts to state what specifics will rectify their 
bodily deformities. As a mental remedy we 
can certainly say that whist far excels any 
other except sleep. 

No time is lost or squandered which in- 
structs us ; so the whist player, in the ob- 
servation of the facts I have mentioned, 
instead of idling, is in reality bringing all his 
faculties into play and drawing conclusions 
upon which he himself has to rely. 


Oh ! wondrously fair was witching Rose, 

And many her charms and graces. 

Such a pretty, coquettish, enravishing air, 

And her clustering ringlets of golden brown hair 

Her deep blue eyes with their gaze cUbonnaire, 

Made the sweetest and loveliest of faces. 

What wonder that Cupid, with furtive design. 

Shot with cunning his sweet-venomed dartP 

As on old ocean's shore I was walking with Rose, 

What wonder I ardently longed to disclose 

The love that lay hid 'neath this mask of repose 

And the passion that swelled in my heart? 

" If there's anything, Harry, I perfectly hate. 
It's this Latin," said school-going Rose. 
"I doubt not that Virgil's intentions were good. 
And with beauty, quite likely, his verse is imbued, 
But his language is something I ne'er understood. 
And I much prefer Cicero's prose." 

" Perhaps I can aid you a little," said I, 

With a glance at the book in her hand. 

The lesson, I found, was those twenty-five lines. 

Where sweet Cylherea to Cupid assigns 

The task of invading fair Dido's pure shrines. 

With his love-wiles her heart to expand. 

In reading the Latin I came to the words : 

" Cum dabit am2}lexus.^' Yet more ! 

" Atque oscula clulcia figet" it read. 

"Do you wish, Rose, to have this translated," I said. 

" Be kind enough, Harry." With courage inbi'ed 

I kissed the sweet lips I adore. 

An ominous silence succeeded the deed. 

And dreading sharp words even worse, 

I turned away sadly to shun their attack ; 

The waves of old ocean seemed gloomy and black. 

And I — what is this ? " Dear Harry, come back 

And finish translating that verse." 


Congressman Tom Reed, when in col- 
lege, despite all statements to the contrary, 
was a non-fraternity man. In common with 
many others of that day he did not believe 
in the efficacy of the Greeks, and persist- 
ently held aloof, though as persistently 
fished to join them. He even Avould not 
join the Delta Upsilou Fraternity, a chapter 
of which existed at Bowdoin for a short 
time, containing numerous anti-secret men. 
There is still a certain college autograph 
album in which Mr. Reed wrote the follow- 
ing undoubted proof as to his views on the 
Greek fraternity question : 

Dear : 

If you knew the anxiety with which I watched 
your escape from the wariest "Fishermen" of col- 



lege, and my pleasure when I found you were not 
one of those who 

" Just for a handful of silver had left us, 
Just for a riband to stick in their coats," 

you would feel assured that I have an interest in 
your future welfare. 

Your friend, 

Thomas B. Reed. 

Abram Newell Rowe is a name with 
which our college world of to-da}^ is not 
acquainted ; yet he was one of the ablest 
mea who has graduated from Bowdoin ; and 
had not his career been prematurely closed he 
would undoubtedly have reflected the high- 
est honor on himself and his Alma Mater. 
He was Mr. Reed's classmate. In college 
he was a member of Psi Upsilon and re- 
ceived Phi Beta Kappa standing. After 
graduation he taught for awhile, and then 
entered the arm3\ He rose to be a first 
lieutenant. Typhoid fever ended, at the 
age of twenty-six, his course so well begun. 
It is not unlikely that in literary paths he 
would have gained laurels, if his ode for 
'60's class-day, the only one of Mr. Rowe's 
writings extant, was a criterion of his abil- 
ity. As being one of the finest original odes 
ever sung here, the Orient ventures to con- 
sign it to perpetuity in its columns. The air 
is " Bruce' s Address '" ; 

Brothers, ere Time's rolling tide 
Shall our noble band divide. 
And its waters far and wide 

Bear our scattered throng, 
Let us wake the lay again. 
Raise on high our parting strain, 
Every voice with loud refrain 

Join the choral song. 

Still, as long we linger here. 
Sadly falls the gathering tear. 
Mournful shades of grief appear 

Mingling in the strain ; 
To the far-off silent shore 
Comrades loved have gone before. 
And their voices nevermore 

Greet us here again. 

Time on golden wings has flown, 
While the star of Bowdoin shone 
Brightly from its sacred throne, 

Round our joyous feet; 
But its last, its farewell ray 
Lingers round our path to-day ; 
Soon we wander far away 

From this dear retreat. 

Alma Mater, ere we go 

Where life's raging tempests blow. 

On thy children bending low 

Pour thy benison ; 
Thus shall we with courage high. 
Heeding Duty's earnest cry. 
Firm when dangers hover nigh 

Gird our armor on. 

Then, while fading day declines. 
And the rosy sunlight shines 
Dimly through yon waving pines. 

Draped in shadows long. 
Wake the sounding lay again. 
Loudly swell our closing strain. 
Every voice with full refrain 

Join the choral song. 

It is not generally known that the late 
gallant Phil Sheridan visited Bowdoin in 
the fall of 1867, while on his way to Au- 
gusta. He was welcomed in front of the 
chapel by the boys and President Harris, 
who delivered a short and pithy address. 
The General alighted from his carriage and 
passed into the chapel, where he remained 
for a few moments in conversation with the 
President and Faculty. He expressed him- 
self much gratified at the " neat reception " 
he had met with, and departed as he came, 
amid the lusty cheers of the students. Gen- 
eral Chamberlain accompanied him. 


One of the most distinctive characteris- 
tics of modern civilization is the abundance 
and variety of its literature. This charac- 
teristic becomes more prominent when 
viewed in the light of historical perspective. 



In ancient times the productions of a few 
master minds absorbed the attention of the 
entire people. For centuries the great 
Homeric poems formed the chief intellectual 
food of Greece, while later on the consum- 
mate masteriDieces of iEschylus, Sophocles, 
and Euripides were fountain heads of Grecian 
thought. As time rolls on and civilization 
crosses the Adriatic, we observe the same 
essential characteristics, though less in de- 
gree. From the obscurity and gloom of the 
Middle Ages emerged the printing press and 
a new civilization. They brought with them 
a more extensive diiTusion of knowledge, 
■which has been continually widening and 
intensifying until the inventions of the nine- 
teenth century have removed every restric- 
tion and literature runs riot. It is now over- 
done, or rather done wrongly. Let us study 
the cause, tendencies, and remedy of this 

As in all things, its chief cause is its 
demand. When the production of necessi- 
ties was transferred from human hands to 
the province of machinery, leisure time was 
the natural result. The mind is never idle, 
and unless it is directed into higher channels 
it will seek gratification rather than attain- 
ment. The average intelligence is not suf- 
ficiently high to find such gratification in a 
high order of productions, and the pen of 
the apt writer is not slow to discover in what 
sphere it finds the readiest market. As a 
result, we have a system of literature as pro- 
fuse and diverse as are the demands of un- 
employed intellect. 

Its tendencies are in some respects prom- 
ising, and in other respects deplorable. They 
are promising because poor culture is better 
than none, and because, in it, we see indica- 
tions of intellectual awakening and the in- 
ception of an era of mental development un- 
paralleled in the annals of time. They are 
deplorable because our two richest gifts, time 
and mind, are falling so far short of their 

immediate possibilities. Very few of the 
myriads of new publications are worthy of 
attention, and many of them are positively 
degrading. These are flooded upon the pub- 
lic, and, concerning their effects, the old 
simile of the sieve and the sponge is as apt 
as ever. The mind that pursues a definite 
line of study, reads standard works and 
digests them is like a sponge — it absorbs. 
The mind that reads only for pleasure and 
detests anything solid is like a sieve — it holds 
nothing. There is nothing better calculated 
to encourage this sieve-process than such lit- 
erature as may be found in the hands of most 
of our summer tourists. These novels pict- 
ure a life which exists only in a distorted 
imagination ; they hold up no inspiring 
ideals ; they develop no robust thoughts. 
Many of them are read in a single season and 
never the second time — the most ruinous 
mental process imaginable. 

The remedy for the evil tendencies of this 
condition lies in a college education, or its 
equivalent. It is seldom that a college grad- 
uate has a taste for such reading. Four years 
of study have raised him above its plane. 
He takes pleasure in something higher. We 
have said that the cause of such literature 
was in its demand, that the demand was in 
the pleasure of the masses; hence, if a col- 
lege education raises the standard of taste 
it must also raise the standard of new publi- 
cations. The only way to reform anything 
is to begin at the roots. We may preach 
until doomsday against this literature, but, 
just as long as there is a demand for it, it 
will be published. It is education to which 
we must look, and since women, who are the 
greatest readers of such literature, are hav- 
ing educational institutions of high grades, 
it seems not improbable that a few decades 
will witness a great advancement along these 

The Cornell Daily Sun has direct telegraph com- 
munications to New Yorli City. — Ex. 



There i$ a nece$$ary theme 

Of which we hate to 
Because, aS Some wiSe Sage haS Said, 
It doeS involve Some cheek. 

TVe wi^h that all Subscribers pauSe 
To graSp this Subtle thought; 

And Soon reSolve that they will do 
The Self-Same deed they ought. 

Our buSineS$ principles compel 

The Settling of all bilM ; 
And how Shall we perform that talk 
Unless the fountain flllS " 
The editors of the '89 Salmagundi, Madison Uni- 
versity, felt it necessary to make the above dolorous, 
yet withal, sensible appeal to their patrons. The 
Orient apologetically likewise greets its subscribers. 

One of the best things in the Senior curriculum 
is the Advanced Course in Political Economy. One 
subject a week is studied, and passages from half a 
dozen of the leading economists — such as Mill, 
Cairnes, Senior, Adam Smith, Devas, Perry, Carey, 
Fawoett, Bowen, and Walker — are assigned to be 
read thereon. Essays containing a digest of this 
material, together with such questions as may be 
suggested, are handed in Saturdays. Monday morn- 
ings the division meets and discusses the topics, with 
many valuable explanations by Prof. Smith. A 
thorough understanding of this science and ability 
to "boil down" easily a large amount of material 
into an essay of moderate length, are two of the ad- 
vantages offered by the economic seminary. 

The last Junior themes of the term are due De- 
cember 5th. Subjects : I. A College Training for 
a Man of Business. II. Daniel Defoe and Robert 
Louis Stevenson. The last Sophomore themes are 
due to-day on the following topics: I. The Spanish 
Armada. II. Thanksgiving Day. 

Prof. Woodruff preached at the Baptist Church, 
Topsham, Sunday, the 18th. 

Isn't it about time for class elections ? 

The weather is almost cold enough to have 
prayers in Memorial. 

President Hyde preached before the students of 
Wellesley College, Sunday, the 18th. 

W. T. Hall, Jr., and H. C. Hill, '88, with J. R. 
Clark and F. M. Russell, '89, went as delegates to 
the Theta Delta Chi Convention in New York, last 

F. J. Libby, '89, has left college and is reported 
to be reading law. 

Adams, '89, and Turner, '90, who have been 
teaching, have returned to college. 

Library hours are from 8.30 to 4, but don't, on 
any account, for such a simple reason as that, ever 
come around in the early part of the day. Always 
wait until the very last moment, when it begins to 
grow dark and you can find books so easily. Then, 
too, the professor and assistants love nothing better 
than to be kept wailing fifteen or twenty minutes 
after the four o'clock bell has rung. 

Professor Chapman occupied the chapel pulpit 
Sunday afternoon, the 18th, and spoke on our stand- 
ards of estimation of men as in contrast with the 
Christian and Bible standards. Rev. F. W. San- 
ford, of Topsham, addressed the Y. M. C. A. imme- 
diately after prayers. 

A. W. Rogers and L. H. Wardwell, '85, Wm. 
T. Hall, Jr., H. C. Hill, and G. H. Larrabee, '88, 
have visited the college since our last issue. 

The Freshman who knocked wildly on the chapel 
doors after the scripture reading had begun, a week 
ago Monday morning, is said to have been seeking 
refuge from a drunken man with a loaded weapon. 

The Seniors have been writing an abstract of 
Descartes' first two Meditations in connection with 
their work in Psychology. 

Freshman mathematical examination, Wednes- 
day afternoon, November 21st. 

Drs. Hyde and Johnson represented Bowdoin at 
the meeting of New England college presidents in 
Hartford, November lst-3d. 

A New (?) Disease. 
Why does the Freshman look so pale ? 

"Why does he look so very meek ? 
Instead of making brash remarks 

He now subdues his brazen cheek. 
Ah, list ! and I will tell you why; 

The reason it is very plain. 
Last night he had a bad attack 

Of water on the brain. 

Commodore Horatio Bridge, '25, has presented 
the library, for the alumni alcove, a full morocco edi- 
tion of his book, " The Journal of an African 
Cruiser," edited by his classmate, Nathaniel Haw- 



thoi-ne. In tbe letter accompanying the gift, he 
says: " Written by an amateur autlior and edited by 
a writer of superlative fame — botii Bovvdoin boys of 
1825 — I trust tliat tlie little volume may be accept- 

Chaucerian dialect is the popular tongue in which 
the '89 man nowadays addresses you . 

Forrest Goodwin, the famous Colby ball-player, 
represents Skowhegan in the legislature this winter. 
Wonder if Forrest will be any quieter in legislative 
halls than on the diamond? 

The loyalty of Bowdoin men to their Alma Mater 
is well proved this year by the large number who 
have sent sons to college. Eleven per cent, of the 
undergraduates are sons of alumni. The complete 


-Hon. Frederick Robie. 
-Dr. John D. Lincoln. 
-Hon. S. F. Humphrey. 
-Eliplialet F. Packard. 
-Hon. Nath'l Cotliren. 
-Samuel Freeman. 
-Hon. A. S. Rice. 
-Edward W. Thompson. 



'57. — Hon. Henry Newbegin. 

'57.— Rev. C. L. Nichols. 

'58. — Gen. Jonathan P. Cill»y. 

(Hon. Jonathan Cilley, '25, was 
'59. — Hon. Stephen J. Young. 
'60.— Hon. L. G. Downes. 
'61. — Edwin Emery. 
'61.— Hon. L. A. Emery. 
'61. — Geo. P.. Kenniston. 

'61. -Dr. H. S. B. Smith. 

'62. — Augustus N. Lincott. 
'63.— Hon. A. R. G. Smith. 
'65.— Charles Fish. 
'66. — Prof. Henry L. Chapman 


'89.— W. P. F. Robie. 
'91.— C. S. F. Lincoln. 
'90.— O. B. Humphrey. 
'91.— G. H. Packard. 
'92.— F. H. Cothren. 
'90.— G. F. Freeman. 
'89.— M. A. Rice. 
'91.— E. A. Thompson. 
'91.— E. H. Newbegin. 
'91.— P. C. Newbegin. 
'92.— T. F. Nichols. 
'91.— J. P. Cilley, Jr. 
father of General Cilley.) 
'92.— E. B. Young. 
'92. — Geo. Downes. 
'89.— W. M. Emery. 
'92.— H. C. Emery. 
'92.— "W. B. Kenniston. 
'89.-0. R. Smith. 
'90.— A. V. Smith. 
'92.— H. F. Lincott. 
'92.— H. R. Smith. 
'91.— F. O. Fish. 
'91.— H. S. Chapman. 

Following is a partial list of tliose who number 
brothers among our alumni, while many others have 
uncles and cousins who graduated here: Merrill and 
Rideout, '89 ; Thompson, '90; Burleigh, Goding, and 
Home, '91 ; and P. Bartlett, Cole, Hodgkins, and 
Thompson, '92. 

Nickerson, M. S., '89, has recovered from his 
recent illness, and began to conduct Glee Club re- 
hearsals on the 16th. 

A theme subject not long ago was, " What Public 
Improvement is Most Needed in Brunswick ? " We 
wish the town fathers miglit have looked over those 
essays, and have seen, by iterations and reiterations, 
the urgent necessity for a better line of foot travel 

from the campus to the railroad crossing. Bruns- 
wick's perennial mud renders that part of the route 
down town exceedingly distasteful. In the rear of 
tlie church, and from Woodard's store to the head of 
the Mall, good street crossings should be made, and 
a plank sidewalk, at least, placed on the west side of 
the Ujjper Mall. No equal amount of territory in 
town is more traveled than this, and a slight outlay 
would be greatly appreciated by numerous towns- 
people and all the students. 

The college Republican Club, to the number of 
seventy-five, helped paint Bath a lively hue at the 
Republican celebration, Tuesday evening, November 
13th. Their handsome uniforms, perfect drill, and 
admirable discipline were everywhere favorably com- 
mented upon. The officers were : C. H. Fogg, Cap- 
tain, and F. E, Dennett and J. P. Cilley, Jr., Lieu- 
tenants. The next night the Club, with somevrhat 
thinner I'anks, marched in Brunswick. Among their 
transparencies, they carried: "Bowdoin for Ben"; 
"Tom Reed represents Bowdoin" ; 
" Quay runs the engine, 
Blaine rings the bell, 
Harrison goes to the White House, 

And Cleveland goes to Buffalo." 

A representation of Cleveland sailing up Salt River. 
A picture of a rooster blown into minute pieces, with 
the legend, "Argus Rooster." Brunswick never 
looked prettier, and fairly outdid herself in every di- 
rection. The procession and illuminations were very 
fine, and the generous collation was heartily en- 
joyed. Many Democratic students were seen to par- 
take of it ! Among the illuminators may be men- 
tioned, Professor Chapman, Professor Lee, Professor 
Robinson (both old and new residences). Dr. 
Mitchell, Hon. Henry Carvill, and A. K. E. Frater- 

A_ South Appleton Sophomore, who has been 
looking over the Tabula proof, says a Fre'shman 
in his end has a newer disease yet — liquor on the 
brain ! 

A prize of $150 will be awarded by the American 
Economic Association for the best essay on the " The 
Evil Effects of Unrestricted Immigration." This 
prize is offered by America, the new Chicago weekly, 
and the essay will be known as the " America Prize 
Essay." The competition is open to any writer 
whose article does not exceed 25,000 words, and is 
received by the secretary of the association before 
April 30, 1889. Each essay must be type-written, 
signed by a fictitious name, and accompanied by a 
sealed envelope containing the name assumed as well 
as the address of the author. — Ex. 



'20. — Isaac McClellan 
is the only suvvivor of this 

class. I[e is living at Greenport, L. I. 

A volume of his poems was published 
not long since. 

'30. — Samuel U. Hubbard, Esq., formerly 
a prominent merchant in Montgomery, Ala., was in- 
advertent!}' referred to in our last issue as one of the 
survivors of the Class of 1R30. Mr. Hubbard died 
January 26, 1883. 

'34. — At Arlington Heights, on the 23d ult., 
Charles Henry Pierce died, aged seventy years and 
six months. He was a native of Frankfort, Me., 
and a son of the late Waldo Pierce, long a prominent 
cilizen of that town. Graduating at Bowdoin Col- 
lege in 183-1, he studied law at the Cambridge Law 
School, was admitted to the Boston Bar, and opened 
an office in that part of Frankfort which is now Win- 
terport, where he continued his practice until some 
time ago, when he retired on account of failing health. 
In 1837 he married Miss Ellen Kelley, daughter of 
Judge Kelley of Concord, N. H., who was a brother- 
in-law of Daniel Webster. During the administra- 
tions of Presidents Taylor and Fillmore, Mr. Pierce 
was deputy collector of customs in the Bangor dis- 
trict. Under President Lincoln he held a position in 
the Infernal Revenue. Upon the death of his wife in 
1883, he removed to Massachusetts, where his two 
surviving children now reside. — Belfast Journal. 


Edwin L. Brown, Esq., is a manufacturer. Resi- 
dence, Corner Clinton and Jackson Streets, Chicago, 

C. R. P. Dunlap, M.D., now resides in St. Paul, 

Rev. C. H. Emerson, Creighton, Neb. 

J. S. H. Fogg, M.D., now resides at 487 Broad- 
way, N. Y. 

Rev. J. Haskell, Billerica, Mass. 

L. A. Holt studied Theology, and later entered 
business; now resides in Winchester, Mass. 

Henry Orr, Lawyer, Brunswick, Me. Deceased. 

William Osgood, M.D. ; residence. North Yar- 
mouth, Me. 

Professor Joseph C. Pickard, Urbana, 111. 

Sir Josiah Pierce, now residing in London, Eng. 

Hon. W. W. Rice, of whom mention was made in 
the last issue of the Orient. 

Gen. Frederic D. Sewall, now in the Treasury 
Department in Washington, D. C. 

Hon. C. A. Spoft'ord, now residing in Castine, Me. 
Col. T. H. Talbot, now residing in Brookline, 

Geo. B. Upham, M.D., of Yonkers, N. Y. 
Hon. J. A. Waterman, of Gorham, Me. 
Rev. E. B. Webb, D.D., of Wellesley, Mass. 
70. — Burdus Redford Melcher, who died at Cam- 
bridgeport, October 17th, was the principal of the Saco 
High School for ten years, and was one year Super- 
visor of Schools of Saco. He was born in Brunswick 
and graduated at Bowdoin College in 1870. After 
graduating from college he studied two years at Ber- 
lin, Germany. On returning from abroad he was 
made instructor of Greek in this college. He soon 
resigned this position to accept the principalship of 
the Saco High School. Here he remained nine years, 
and in 1883 resigned to accept a similar position in 
Maiden, Mass. He was two years secretary of the 
York Institute, Saco. In 1875 he married Miss Mag- 
gie Richards, daughter of Dr. L. Richards of Kenne- 
burik. At the time of his graduation from college 
Mr. Melcher is said to have attained the highest rank 
ever held up to his time of graduation. He was a 
man of marked ability and beloved by all who came 
under his instruction. 

'70. — It is believed by well-informed politicians 
that General Harrison's private secretary will be 
D. S. Alexander, at present a resident of Buffalo, 
N.Y. Mr.Alexander is about forty-two years of age. 
He possesses all of Colonel Dan Lament's caution and 
shrewdness, but is less austere and reserved. He is 
rather a genial man, but he will be quite as success- 
ful as Col. Lament has been in guarding the Presi- 
dent from bores who, if permitted, would occupy his 
time to the exclusion of more important matters. 
Mr. Alexander is both a lawyer and a journalist 
by profession. He is a native of Maine and a grad- 
uate of the Lewiston Seminary and Bowdoin College. 
He served as a soldier in the late war and sub- 
sequently removed to Indiana. He was for some 
years the Indianapolis correspondent of the old Cin- 
cinnali Oazelte, which position he filled in connection 
with his legal duties. Through the influence of 
General Harrison and other of his Indiana friends, 
Mr. Alexander received the appointment of Fifth 
Auditor of the Treasury Department under President 
Garfield. He found the bureau a veritable circumlo- 
cution office and he made many improvements in its 
work. During his stay in Washington, Mr Alex- 
ander became actively interested in the affairs of the 




Grand Army of the Republic and was subsequently- 
elected Commander of the Department of the Po- 
tomac. When the Democrats obtained control of the 
governmeut, Mr. Alexander tendered his resig-nation 
as Fifth Auditor. He removed from Washington to 
Buffalo about three years ago, where he engaged in 
the practice of law. Upon the nomination of Gen- 
eral Harrison for the Presidency, Mr. Ale.xander was 
asked to go to Indianapolis and assist the General in 
a confidential capacity until the close of the campaign. 
He rendered General Harrison splendid service, 
and it is said there is no position within the latter's 
gift which Mr. Alexander could not have if he de- 
sired. The office of private secretary of the Pres- 
ident, should Mr. Alexander accept it, will be dig- 
nified to an importance little inferior to that of a 
Cabinet Minister. 

'76. — It will be a pleasure to many old Bowdoin 
College friends of Mr. Arlo Bates, to find his novel, 
" The Pagans," re-published in Ticknor's paper cover 
series. To say nothing of the honor of being grouped 
with Howells and other great writers, there must be 
considerable pecuniary advantage in it. Mr. Bates 
has risen to an enviable place among the literateurs 
of Boston. — Lewislon Journal. 

'80. — Albert H. Holmes, who won the Smyth 
Mathematical Prize, has located himself in Brunswick, 
where he is devoted to literary pursuits. Two very 
fine poems of his were re-printed in the recent 
"Poets of Maine." 

'85. — Ralph L. French removes this month to 
Denver, Col. 

'87. — O. D. Sewall has been elected President of 
the Cumberland County Teachers' Association, of 
which association Professor Smith, of this college, is 
a member of the Executive Committee. 

There are four Bowdoin men now quite promi- 
nently connected with the U. S. Government: Chief 
Justice Fuller, '53, Senator Frye, '50, Congressman 
Reed, '60, and Superintendent of the Life Saving 
Bureau, Sumner I. Kimball, '55. Since election the 
newspapers have insisted on naming Mr. Reed as 
the Speaker of the next House, and Mr. Frye for 
some cabinet portfolio. Two other sons of Bowdoin 
are also mentioned for responsible positions under 
President Harrison. These are Hon. Wm. W. 
Thomas, Jr., 'GO, perhaps our next minister to Swe- 
den, which office he held several years ago, and De- 
Alva S. Alexander, '70, whose life and prospects are 
given at length in the columns of this issue. 


At Lehigh the student who secures an average of 
85 per cent, is excused from examinatioo. — Ex. I 

De Pauw has received a gift of $2,000,000.— £a:. 

Abbe Casgrain, of Quebec, succeeds Prof. Law- 
son, of Dalhousie Universit}', as President of the 
Royal Society of Canada. — Dalhousie Oazelte. 

The Senior class at Rutgers has elected Kuma 
Oishi, one of the Japanese students, orator for class 

The Princeton Athletic Association, founded in 
1871, is the oldest college association of the kind in 
the country. — Williams Weekly. 

She seems to blush, when in the dance 

I touch her finger tips; 
Her voice so modest, — she so shy — 

I long to touch her lips. 

'Tis o'er; I to the garden slip; 

There, seated near a tree, 
I muse what angels women are, 

'Mongst sinners such as we. 

It seems — but, from the arbor comes 

A tone I surely know ! 
It is that self-same modest voice: 

" Don't, Jack, you tickle so ! " 

— Record. 

A Miss Farrar, who was a member of the Fresh- 
man class at Smith College, committed suicide re- 
cently, by jumping ofi' the Massachusetts Central 
railroad bridge into the Connecticut r'wuv.—Ex. 

German universities are well attended by Amer- 
icans. Berlin has had 600; Leipzig over 200. — The 

President Robinson, of Brown, believes that in 
co-educational institutions ladies and gentlemen 
should not recite in the same classes until the Senior 
year. — The Chronicle. 

Amherst has sent out two hundred college profes- 
sors and presidents, and twenty judges of the Su- 
preme Court. — University News. 

The latest Latin conjugation of the verb to flunk 
is, flunko, bustin, conditure, expulsum. — The Mcfis. 

It is the college custom at Williams for the Fresh- 
men, in leaving chapel, to wait for the upper classes 
to pass out before them. — The Beacon. 



William and Mary College has re-opened after a 
long season of inactivity. It is one of the oldest 
colleges in the United States. The war crippled 
this institution sadly. 

Haverford is almost universally adopting the cap 
and gown. 

The Freshmen and Sophomores of Rutgers en- 
gaged this fall in a rush in the chapel. The trouble 
grew from the fact that both classes had a prayer- 
meeting at the same time and place. — Ex. 

The Faculty at Wesle3-an have decided to practi- 
cally do away with preliminary examinations. — The 

Thirteen hun(h'ed and sixty members of the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge are opposed to co-education. — 
University Cynic. 

At Harvard, Coinell, Ami Arbor, and Johns 
Hopkins, attendance at recitation is optional. — Ex. 

A student at Columbia is taking thirty hours a 
week. — The Chronicle. 

Over 100 students were suspended from the Uni- 
versity of Berlin during the last semester for insuffi- 
cient attention to study. — Ex. 

Amherst has sent out two hundred college pro- 
fessors and presidents, and twenty judges of the 
supreme court. — Ex. 

More than 1,.300 members of the University of 
Cambridge are opposed to the admission of women. 

— Ex. 

In the United States one man in every 200 takes a 
college course, in England one in every 600, in Scot- 
land one in every 600, in Germany one in every 213. 
— -Woosler Collegian. 

The London school board proposes to drop the 
study of Latin and substitute modern languages. 

The following are among the largest sums given 
by individuals in the United States for educational 
purposes: Leland Stanford, $20,000,000; Stephen 
Girard, .$8,000,000; Jolms Hopkins, $3,148,000; Asa 
Packer, $3,000,000, to Lehigh University; Ezra Cor- 
nell, $1,000,000 ; Jonas G. Clark, $1,000,000.— i^x. 


Preparatory French Reader. By O. B. Super, Ph.D. 

Boston: D. C. Heath & Co., 1888. r2mo.. pp. vin., 224. 

Prof. Super, of Dickinson College, adds a new 
book to the list of French Readers already before the 
public. He offers it to those teachers who believe in 
"early and copious reading" for their pupils. Those 
who want a "Classical French Reader" need not 
stop to examine this one. That is, it is designed to 

furnish easy and interesting reading for beginners, 
or even, in the first few selections, for young begin- 

In pursuance of his plan of making his book 
meet the wants of those who have but just entered 
on the study of French, and of offering them some- 
thing whereby they may avoid being obliged lo " per- 
spire for weeks and months over grammatical dry 
bones " before being allowed to get at the language 
en masse. The :mthor commences by adapting five 
contes faciles from the tales of H. C. Andersen, and 
one from those of the Grimm brothers. The transla- 
tion is apparently his own, but he believes that no 
constructions have been admitted which are not gen- 
uinely French. He sees no reason why Andersen's 
tales should not do as appropriate service in French 
as in German readers. Then, to meel further the 
ends in view. Prof. Super has, in cases where selec- 
tions from such standard authors as Dumas and Dau- 
det are introduced, taken the liberty of making over 
the original text to suit himself. From the stand- 
point of French literature this would seem a ques- 
tionable proceeding, but as we are given to under- 
stand in the preface that we are to be furnished with 
French language rather tlian lileralure, criticism 
would be out of place. 

The notes are very succinct and brief, sometimes 
even painfully brief. Prof. Super wished to steer 
clear of those French Readers "in which the notes to 
the earlier selections take up far more space than the 
selections themselves." So he has omitted, among 
other things, any reference to the authors concerned, 
or to the works borrowed from. The vocabulary 
follows the spirit of the notes in succinctness. This 
is an advantage in almost any vocabulary. The 
greatest disadvantage of the present one, however, 
is that it is not, in any true sense, etymological. The 
author has indicated, by a similarity of type, English 
words which are derived dii-ectly from the French. 
This is good as far as it goes, and is helpful for the 
English. But for those French words which are not 
at the same time English, we are left out in the cold. 
A vocabulary that is to be put into the hands of Fresh- 
men classes in college, should not, at the present 
day, no matter how elementary are the extracts 
themselves, stop short of being entirely etymolog- 
ical. Where students have already some knowledge 
of Latin, such woi'ds as haul, niinuit, roi, or even 
eau,froid, etc., words which in the author's vocabu- 
lary are left untouched, would be much more securely 
gotten hold of if accompanied by their Latin origi- 

On the other hand the general conception of the 
book is excellent, and typical of the mature scholar- 



ship of its author. The poetical extracts are espe- 
cially well chosen. While not diiiicult they are at 
the same time representative. Beranger's charming' 
chanson, the " Adieux de Marie Stuart,''^ numbers 
among them. The press-work is attractive and neat, 
and offers few errors (note "ime chamois," p. 62), 
and the whole forms a pleasing volume. 

De Molai ; The Last of the Military Grand Masters 
or The Order of Templar Knights. A Romance 
OF History. By Edmund Flagg. Philadelphia: 
Peterson & Bros. 

Tliis novel takes for its theme the suppression of 
De Molai and the Order of Templar Knights. The 
scene is laid principally in Paris, at the Court of 
Philip IV., and throughout the book there is a close 
adherence to historical facts. The story of De Molai, 
interesting in itself, is rendered doubly entertaining 
by the zest of fiction added by Mr. Flagg. The 
novel is worth reading and should especially com- 
mand the attention of Bowdoin students, inasmuch 
as the author is an honored alumnus of this college. 

An Introduction to German at Sight. By Eugene 
H. Babbitt. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co., 1888. Pam- 
phlet, 12mo., pp. 29. 

This little pamphlet contains some good advice as 
to learning to read German at sight, but, be it noted, 
after a good deal of hai'd work. It has, we think, 
too msny statements like the following to commend 
itself to any genuine student: " umlaut is a quite 
different sound from English short ii, which, however. 

will do to begimvith." The italics are ours. "Spare 
yourself as much dictionary work as j'ou can. Never 
look up a word if analogy or context will give you a 
meaning that seems to make sense." The pamphlet 
is instructive as showing in what athletic undress, so 
to speak, the conceptions of an instructor in Harvard 
University ca)i appear before the public; as, for in- 
stance, on page 10 : " Perhaps you do not know that 
you never pronounce r at the end of syllables in 
English as a distinct letter, but such is the fact." 


Goethe's "Torquato Tasso." — Thomas 

D. C. 

iuU/a. /Sii 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this office the record of carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervi.sion. 

No oharc/e lo school officers for services rendered. 


Now IS THE Time to Register t'or.accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a week passes when we do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Forms and Circulars sent free. 


You have peculiar (iicllitica for reaching out over the whole 
United .States second to no agency in the country. We sliall not 
forgut you. 

Montfon Academy. D. M. D. 

Thanks for your promptness. Your information was ample, 
and candidates excellent and more satisfactory than those sug- 
gested by the other agencies I named. 

JVitcox Female Institute, Camden, Ala. C. S. D. 

I desire to thanli you for the very aide manner in which you 
assisted nic in obtaining a teacher. 

Afiddletown, Conn. E. H. W. 

I f ally believe that you conduct the host Teachers' Bureau in 
the nation, and shall not fail to seek your aid iu the near future. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

E. T. P. 

The position I have received through your aid is most satis 
lactoiy, and I thanli you for securing it for me. 
Marlow, ^. II. 

A. W. T. 

I wish to thank you for the excellent work you have done 
for me. 

Springfield, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIBAM ORCXJTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 



Vol. XVIII. 

No. 11. 

B O W 13 O I N O R I E N T. 




F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Wa'Sts, '8!i, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. B. E. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. G. Little, '89. J. M. "W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can iMj obtained at the Ijookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Ilcmittauccs shoul<l be made to tlie liusiness Editor. Com- 
niuuioations in ree;ard to all other matters should bo directed to 
the Managing Kditor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, anil items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at tlie Post-Dffice tit Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 11. -December 12, 1888. 

Storm Maiden, 149 

Editorial Notes 149 

Historic Scraps, 150 

Popularity 151 

Hampton Students at Bowdoin 152 

Annual Convention of Tlieta Delta Chi, 153 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 154 

Personal, 156 

In Memoriam 158 

College World, 158 

■ Book Reviews 159 


A tale the mountain peasants told , 
That in the darksome days of old, 
As harbinger of sudden storm 
Appeared a maiden's snow-white form 
That wailed a low, uncanny lay. 
And like a snow-wreath whirled away. 
And then all night the cold winds blew, 
The driving sheets of white snow flew, 
And, like the winds, the maiden's song, 
While oft there broke forth clear and strong 
The cry of phantom hounds in chase, 
Upon an ill-foreboding race. 
For fell disaster followed fast 
Whene'er the storm maid's icy blast 
Swept down from out the cold, far north, 
And when the Gabriel hounds C£|,me forth, 

issue 01 tiie ueient 
reaches our subscribers most of them will 
have partaken of the Christmas goose and 
made their new resolutions to go into effect 
January 1, 1889. There is no holiday more 
pleasant than Christmas, there is but one 
thing better than making good resolutions, 
that is, — keeping them. We hope that our 
derelict patrons in making their good resolu- 
tions will not forget the Okient. It needs 
several Christmas gifts of two dollars each ; 
that it will receive such practical expressions 
of regard with an overflowing heart, goes 
without saying. 

The coming vacation is short but we 
have no doubt that the boys will extract 
pleasure enough from it to compensate for 
its brevity. Hoping that each one may en- 
joy it to the full, the Orient wishes its 
patrons a Merry Christmas and a Happy 
New Year. 

We publish, by request, a report of the 
visit of the Hampton students. We are glad 
to say a good word for these students and 
the noble work of the school. We hope that 
they may have a successful trip in every 
way, and permanent benefit to the school 
may result. It is doing a splendid work for 
the Negro and Indian races, and it is to be 
regretted that its means are so limited. 

In education lies the solution of the 



Indian and Southern questions, and General 
Armstrong and his assistants should have 
the material aid of every friend of progress 
and education. 

We desire to again call the attention of 
the members of the Junior and Sophomore 
classes to the fact that the elections to the 
Orient Board occur at the close of the next 
term, and those who aspire to the posi- 
tion of quill-drivers must "brace up." 

The amount of work done by students 
other than the editors, thus far, is very in- 
finitesimal, and unless a radical change takes 
place, an election based on the known merits 
of the candidates will be well-nigh impossi- 
ble. We hope during the next term to be 
deluged with an influx of matter that will 
bring tears of joy to the eyes of the ema- 
ciated and toil-worn editors. 

We were surprised to learn, a few days 
since, that an attempt was made some years 
ago to start a Law School in connection with 
the college. A committee was appointed to 
raise funds but apparently met with poor 

It would be an excellent thing to have a 
Law School here, provided it could be started 
on a level with the best schools in the coun- 
try. It is far better to have none than to 
have an inferior one. It would be a boon to 
many young men in this State who desire to 
take a course in a law school but can not 
afford the expense necessary to pursue the 
course at Boston, Columbia, or Albany. 

Graduates of Bowdoin, in the main, who 
take up the study of law would be glad to 
do so in the Bowdoin Law School, and the 
college itself would enter on a new era of 

It may not be in the immediate future 
that we shall see our hopes realized, but we 

do expect to see, sometime, the Bowdoin 
Law School an established fact. 

We have been asked by some of the 
alumni to publish some information concern- 
ing the last years of the Athenfean and Peu- 
cinian societies, and we hope to be able to 
comply with the request at an early date. 



" Quid in nomine est ? " This audacious 
moss-back forced itself on the mind one day 
during a casual walk from North Winthrop 
to the library. And concerning what? 
Why, our buildings, to be sure. Whence 
and why came these familiar names by which 
we daily referto the dormitories, the chapel, 
and the rest? Such inquiry set investigation 
on foot, and the results are herewith presented. 
Bowdoin at the first copied Harvard, and 
went that institution one better in calling 
two of her buildings after two New England 
States. Memorial Hall, although nothing 
within or about it shows the fact, is, like the 
magnificent dining-hall at Cambridge, a 
memorial to the sons of the college who 
fought in the rebellion. Winthrop Hall, at 
first North College, took its appellation from 
the Massachusetts Winthrops in general, and 
the Governor in particular, while the corre- 
lative South College was changed to Apple- 
ton Hall, in honor of the second President, 
Rev. Dr. Jesse Appleton. In 1855 the new 
stone chapel was dedicated and named King 
Chapel, in recognition of the public services 
of Hon. William King, first Governor of 
this State. A Mr. Seth Adams, of Boston, 
left a bequest to Bowdoin which built 
Adams Hall, and in 1859 gave the Medical 
College roomier quarters than old Massa- 

What is now known as the Old Laboi'a- 
tory has before borne the designations Com- 



mons Hall (1835-1860), and the Old Gym- 
nasium (1860-73), owing to the uses to which 
it was then put. The new gymnasium has 
as yet no official title. Dr. Sargent was the 
means of our getting it, and he has done 
more in the gymnastic line than any other 
Bowdoin man. Wouldn't it be the proper 
caper to call it after him ? 

In 1871 Hon. Peleg W. Chandler, of 
Boston, had the upper portion of Massachu- 
setts Hall made into a cabinet, which was 
fittingly named in honor of Prof. Parker 
Cleaveland, the Father of American Miner- 
alogy, and the most eminent man ever on the 
Bowdoin Faculty. The main library room 
is known as Banister Hall, thus perpetuat- 
ing the memory of a family related to Pres- 
ident Woods — the Banisters of Newbury- 
port, Mass. Another of the same President's 
relatives, Mrs. Sophia Walker, wife of The- 
ophilus W. Walker, of Boston, is often 
thought of when we enter the Walker Pict- 
ure Gallery, over Banister Hall. 

While digging into musty archives for 
these names, some interesting data about 
the endowed professorships was discovered. 
There are six such at Bowdoin, and at present 
all but one of them are filled. This is the Col- 
lins Professorship of Natural and Revealed 
Religion. Mrs. Susan Collins, of Boston, 
established it in 1850, and the endowment 
has since been somewhat increased by sub- 
scriptions. One stipulation concerning it is 
that it must be held by some one not con- 
nected with the government of the college. 
It is doubtful if any chair in any college in 
this country has- been filled throughout by 
as remarkable a succession of instructors as 
this one. From 1850 to 1883 the Collins 
Professors were the Rev. Doctors Calvin E. 
Stowe, Roswell D wight Hitchcock, Egbert 
C. Smyth, and Alpheus S. Packard. The 
endowment of the Edward Little chair of 
Rhetoric, Oratory, and English Literature 

was applied for two different purposes, be- 
fore being put to its present use. Mr. Lit- 
tle, of Auburn, originally gave it for the 
High School bearing his name, but when the 
city took control thereof, the money was 
transferred to the department of philosophy 
at Bowdoin. In 1882 Mrs. Valeria G. Stone, 
of Maiden, Mass., who furnished the funds 
for Memorial Hall's completion, founded the 
Stone Professorship of Mental and Moral 
Philosophy, so the Little bequest was given 
up to Prof. Chapman's branches. The Jo- 
siah Little Professorship of Natural Science 
is named after a graduate of 1811, and 
founded by him. The people's subscriptions 
gave Bowdoin an endowed cliair of Modern 
Languages, called in honor of the people's 
poet, renowned alumnus of this college and 
earliest instructor here in French, German, 
Spanish, and Italian. The story of the gen- 
erous establishment of the Winkley Latin 
Professorship need not be related in these 
columns. All Bowdoin men know it by 
heart, and while blessing the giver, earnestly 
hope his example may, ere long, be followed 
by alumni and friends. 


Says a modern writer in discussing this 
subject : " There is no time when the press- 
ure of opinion is so strong as in early life. 
There is something fearful in its power in col- 
lege." What this writer says is only a state- 
ment of what we see about us every day. 
There are probably not half a dozen of stu- 
dents in college who would not like to be 
popular, although few are frank enough to 
admit it. Many may be found who condemn 
it, but their condemnation is generally due 
to a condition of chronic acerbity engendered 
by their own failure in that direction. 

To assert that this craving for popularity 
is all right or all wrong would be absurd ; 
but to assert that it deserves more exonera- 
tion than is usually accorded it by these dis- 



appointed carpers certainly seems in harmony 
with the facts. 

We assert boldly that it is not only a 
man's privilege but his duty to become pop- 
ular with his fellows. Man is a social being ; 
he is placed among others of his genus; 
and since such are his nature and condition 
it becomes incumbent upon him to adapt 
himself, as harmoniously,, as possible to this 
state. This adaptation involves a desire to 
please others. A man cannot withdraw him- 
self from the mass and say I am here and 
here will I remain, any more than can the 
drop of water desert the flowing stream. 
When he does this he contradicts his 
very nature. Some fellows seem to think 
because great characters have occasionally 
been eccentric and unpopular, eccentricity 
and unpopularity are attributes of great- 

It is often charged against popularity that 
it involves a surrender of individuality and 
a certain affability of character. Not so. 
So well ordered is the condition of man that 
every distinct personality has its appropriate 
sphere. There may exist the warmest friend- 
ship between two persons whose views on 
certain subjects are utterly antagonistic; 
and there may exist the profoundest respect 
between two very uncongenial characters. 
It is not surrender of character that makes a 
man popular; it is the genial smile, the 
pleasant word, the warm grasp, and, above 
all, charity for those little faults and views 
common to all. 

In college is found the widest opportu- 
nity for their cultivation, and he who fails to 
accept it loses one of the prime benefits of 
his course. He who buckles on his armor, 
like Don Quixote, and sallies forth to assail 
every little foible not in harmony with his 
ideal, will probably meet with as many re- 
verses and discomfitures as did that redoubt- 
able old knight himself. 


On Saturday afternoon, November 24th, 
the students and people of Brunswick were 
entertained in Memorial Hall by a delega- 
tion from Hampton Institute, Virginia. 

The Faculty of that institution was rep- 
resented by General S. C. Armstrong, and 
the students byja group of six, — four colored 
men, and two Indians. These gentlemen are 
marking a tour of the New England cities 
and towns in the interests of their college. 
They aim by bringing living illustrations of 
the work of the Institute before the people 
of the North to arouse a greater interest in 
it, which will result in substantial contribu- 
tions. For Hampton, although it lias been 
an independent institution for many years, 
having no permanent endowment, necessarily 
looks to the liberality and beneficence of in- 
dividuals for a large part of its support. 

The exercises of the afternoon consisted 
mainly of singing by the colored quartette, 
and short addresses by General Armstrong 
and four of his students. The quartette 
sang several times slave songs and planta- 
tion melodies, as only negroes can sing them. 
They delighted the audience and at every 
appearance were greeted with hearty ap- 
plause. General Armstrong made his ac- 
count of the founding, work, and present 
condition of Hampton very interesting. He 
said: "We aim, by training the hand, the 
head, and the heart, to fit selected youth of 
the Negro and Indian races to be examples 
to, and teachers of, their own people. 
Already several Hampton graduates have 
gone out and established schools similar in 
design and system to the parent institu- 

Mr. John Trokasin, a Sioux student from 
Dakota, spoke briefly on the Sioux bill from 
an Indian's standpoint, showhig the injustice 
of our government in attempting to take 
their land from them by force, when they 



only asked the moderate sum of a dollar and 
a quarter per acre. 

Mr. Peny, a Shawnee, gave a bright, 
stirring address, the theme of which was 
"Give us Indians a chance." He said that 
any people supported in idleness from the 
bounty of government, so far from progress- 
ing in civilization, would become more and 
more degraded. The Indians need to be 
taught how to work, how to build their own 
houses, and support themselves ; they need 
to be educated and to be taught the advan- 
tages of civilization ; then they will become 
good, industrious, citizens. 

The words and bearing of these two In- 
dians would have put to shame any one who 
claims that the Indian can not be civilized. 

Mr. Daggs, of Hampton, '78, gave a finely 
written and delivered address on " The To- 
day and To-morrow of the Negro Race in the 
United States." Space forbids our saying 
more than that it would have done credit to 
a graduate of any of our New England 

Mr. Geo. Scott, '89, interested the au- 
dience greatly with his account of "How he 
worked his way in the night school." Three 
years ago, at the age of eighteen, he entered 
the night department of Hampton without 
a cent. He worked ten hours every day in 
the machine shop and studied two hours 
every evening. Now he is a member of the 
Junior class of the Institute proper, and is 
master of the machinist's trade. He said that 
the night school was prominent among the 
many good features at Hampton, for it enabled 
men in just his condition, who were willing 
to work and anxious to learn, to make some- 
thing of themselves. 

It was wonderful to see what these young 
men had attained under so great difficulties, 
through the direct influence of Hampton In- 
stitute. Truly in the training and education 
of such men as these, is the hope of their 
respective races. 


The Forty -second Annual Convention of 
the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity assembled 
in the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, on 
Wednesday, November 2lst, and was called 
to order by President pro tern Arthur L. 
Bartlett. Nearly all of the seventeen charges 
sent delegates. Bowdoin was represented 
by H. C. Hill, '88, Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge ; W. T. Hall, '88, Graduate Delegate ; 
F. M. Russell and J. R. Clark, both of '89. 

Soon after the opening of the session, 
the colleges in the city created a pleasant 
sensation by presenting to the Convention a 
fine large flag, made in the colors of the 
Fraternity and bearing the three Greek let- 
ters symbolic of its name. The President, 
in appropriate words, accepted the gift, and 
soon it was floating in the breeze above the 
hotel, where it remained during the three 
days' session, — a source of joy and inspira- 
tion to those of the brotherhood who gazed 
on the beautiful emblem. 

The resignation, during the year, of Rev. 
Calbraith B. Perry, President of the Grand 
Lodge, was deeply regretted by the Frater- 
nity, not only because it was thereby de- 
prived of an able and enthusiastic leader, — 
but also because of Brother Perry's illness, 
which necessitated such action. 

The most important business transacted 
was the adoption of the revised form of the 
constitution, as reported by the commission- 
ers, Bros. Bartlett, Smith, and Tower. It is 
substantially the same as before, but is 
greatly improved by its new arrangement 
and classification. 

Bro. 0. S. Davis was elected to continue 
the preparation of the new catalogue. It is 
expected that, under his energetic manage- 
ment, the work will soon be issued. 

The management of the Shield was placed 
in the hands of a single editor, to be selected 
by the Grand Lodge. This body promptly 



selected Bro. F. L. Jones, who was chief 
editor of the publication last year, and is, 
thereby excellently qualified for the duty. 

At the conclusion of the routine busi- 
ness, the following officers were elected : 
Hon. Arthur L. Bartlett of Boston, Presi- 
dent; A. L. Coville, of Columbia, Secretary ; 
F. S. Carter, of Yale, Treasurer. 

In the evening of the 23d the exercises 
were pleasantly concluded by the banquet at 
the Fifth Avenue Hotel, at which about 
seventy-five were present; the tables being 
so arranged as to form a cross. The Rev. 
Ebenezer Thompson, of Pomfret, Conn., was 
toast-master ; Rev. Lewis Halsey Hobart, of 
New York City, poet; Colonel Jacob Spahn, 
of Rochester, N. Y., orator ; and Seth P. 
Smith, of Boston, biographer. 

Among those present were Hon. Willis 
S. Paine, New York State Superintendent 
of Banking; J. H. Tower, Providence; Hon. 
Franklin Burdge, New York City ; Rev. M. 
M. Gilbert, Bishop of Minnesota; E. O. 
Graves, Washington; and William H. Cor- 
bin, Jersey City. 


I can't explain quite how it was, 
I did not catcli all that was said, 

And when Professor called on me. 
My stock of knowledge all had fled. 

Professor smiled a ghastly smile, 
"Will Mr. Jones recite instead ? ' ' 

I dropped Into my seat and sighed ; 
I took a dead. 

The most read periodicals in the library at pres- 
ent are those containing " The Fast Set at Harvard " 

papers, and the Atlantic with President Hyde's 

Doolittle, '88, was in town during the Thanks- 
giving recess. 

Prof. Robinson is reported to be preparing a new 
work on Chemistry, and C. W. Tuttle, '86, is assist- 
ing him. 

Rev. E. C. Guild is giving a course of three Ad- 
vent lectures at the Unitarian church as follows : 
December 9th, Christ's Authoritj' — Spiritual ; Decem- 
ber 16th, Christ's Method — Personal ; December 23d, 
Christ's Work— Universal. 

A book-case in the Senior room contains, perhaps, 
a hundred volumes on philosophical, political, and 
literary topics. With the exception of a few books 
of the latter class, they are rarely, if ever, used. 
Wouldn't it be a good plan to put them into the 
library and turn them over to general circulation ? 

Thanksgiving passed oflf quietly in Brunswick. 
About thirty fellows staid through the recess — rather 
more than last year. Several of the Faculty very 
kindly entertained students at their homes. Thanks- 
giving evening there were offered for patronage a 
concert in the M. E. church; a poverty ball in the 
Town Hall : and a French dance in Lemont Hall. 

A cross-eyed compositor omitted the necessary 
sibilant twice from the name of Linscott in our last, 
and somehow, in No. 9, the name of Burr crept into 
the Sophomore Declamation appointees instead of 
that of Newman. 

Prof. Lee has returned from Washington, where 
he was for two weeks engaged in arranging the 
specimens collected on his South American expedi- 
tion. Specialists are to report on the collections, ten or 
fifteen men each to write a monograph on one group. 
Some of the scientists selected to do this are 
Alexander Agassiz ; Dr. Bean of the National Mu- 
seum ; W. H. Dall of tlie U. S. Geological Survey; 
and Dr. W. K. Brooks of Johns Hopkins University. 
On his way to Washington, Prof. Lee slopped at 
New Haven to read a paper before the National 
Academy of Sciences, a very high honor for a non- 
member. His subject was " Some Scientific Results 
of the Albatross Expedition from Washington to 
San Francisco." 

Chandler and Webb, '90, are absent canvassing. 

Sophomore examination in private readings in 
Juvenal, December .5th. 

Some of the recent additions to the library are : 
Prof. C. C. Everett's "Poetry, Comedy, and Duty"; 
Sir John Lubbock's "Representation"; Hugo's 
" Les Contemplations," two vols. ; Charles Knight's 



"London," three vols., and Hawthorne's first work, 
"Fanshawe." This opens with a description of a 
country college, supposed by many to be Bowdoin. 
Among the biographical sketches in the last part of 
the book is a lengthy one on Hon. Jonathan Cilley, 
'25. The library has also received the report of '48's 
reunion here last June, prepared by Prof. J. B. 
Sewall, class secretary. 

The boys departed for the Thanksgiving recess by 
several different trains, rather than altogether Wednes- 
day noon as formerly, so the singing and cheering 
at the depot were reduced to a sad minimum. Too 
bad to let this jolly practice go out. Let's have a 
"rattler" next week Friday, boys ! 

During Prof. Lee's absence the Juniors were busy 
with an essay on Abiogenesis. 

It is rumored that Jackson and Libby, '89, will 
return to college. 

E. L. Adams, '89, is now bell ringer. 
'90's Bugle is be printed by a Massachusetts firm_ 
It will not "be out in two weeks." 

Cole, '92, has gone home with an affection of the 

Tlie Orient's hints are always adopted ! In our 
last we called for prayers in Memorial ; ever since 
they have been held there. In this connection we 
are i-equested to print : 

Students, and in especial, Freshmen, will con- 
fer a jeu d'esprit (joy of spirit. — Horse.) on the 
Faculty, by refraining from, entering Lower Memo- 
rial after prayers has begun. 

Adam Job Booker. 
The following students are out teaching for the 
winter, twenty-four in all : '89 — Doherty, at Wool- 
wich; Freeman, at Saco ; Rogers, at Wells. '90 — 
Brooks, at Augusta ; Pendleton, at Brunswick, Dis- 
trict 16; Royal, at Brunswick, District 11; Thomp- 
son, at Friendship. '91 — Bragdon, at Goodwin's 
Mills ; Dudley, at West Milan ; Dyer, at Buxton ; 
Field, at Belfast ; Hardy, at Farmington Falls ; Kemp- 
ton, at Saco ; A. M. McDonald, at Tennant's Harbor ; 
A. P. McDonald, at Outer Long Island; Mahoney, 
at Sheepscot Bridge ; Munsey at Wiscasset; Tibbotts, 
at Woolwich. '92 — Bean, at Brunswick, District 12 ; 
Gummer, at Brunswick, District u ; Lee, at Harrison ; 
Osborne, atGorham ; Poore, at Bolster's Mills ; Ran- 
dall, at Freeport; Shay, at Brunswick, District 4. 

C. H. Fogg, '89, is clerking, at home, through 
the holidays. 

The lecture course at Fryebiirg Academy, this 
winter, includes the following : March 4th, Prof. 
L. A. Lee, on "Glimpses of South America." March 

18th, Prof. C. C. Hutchins, on "The Sun." Rev. H. 
Bernard Carpenter, of Boston, and Rev. Dr. Thomas 
Hill, of Portland, are also among the lecturers. 

Prof. Robinson is writing a series of sketches of 
Western travel, for the Lewiston Journal. 

A Leitz microscope has been recently added to 
the biological laboratory. 

Palmer, '92, is, during the holiday rush, clerking 
at Hovey's, Boston. 

Two Freshmen sat in chapel, the first morning 
after the recess, and they looked afraid of a shower 
when they came out. 

'92 has elected the following class officers for 
their Freshman exit on the 20th of next June : Presi- 
dent, C. L. Palmer; Vice-President, Daniel Mcln- 
tyre ; Secretary-Treasurer, A. M. Merriman; Toast- 
master, F. L. Thompson ; Poet, W. E. Perkins ; 
Orator, Frank Durgin; Historian, H. R. Gurney; 
Prophet, T. H. Gately, Jr. ; Opening Address, H. F. 
Linscott; Committee of Arrangements, C. S. Rich, 
G. W. Shay, E. D. Osborne ; Committee on Odes, 
H. W. Kimball, W. O. Hersey, R. F. Bartlett. 

Little, '89, shot a fox measuring fifty inches from 
tip to tip, during the recess. 

The Miami Student, among "Things we would 
like to see," mentions "A college which can show a 
larger proportion of distinguished graduates than 
Miami." Student, cast thine optics toward Bowdoin 
College, Brunswick, Cumberland County, Maine. 

In the "Canterbury Prologue," Chaucer speaks 
thus of one of the pilgrims : 

" With many a tempest hadde his herd be shake." 
In the recent examination of '89 one of the boys ren- 
dered this: "The wind whistled through his whis- 
kers," and the heavens fell. 

Prof. Robinson lectures in the course at New- 
castle, December 28th, on " Explosives," with exper- 
iments. Prof. Woodruff follows him, January 21st, 
on "Ancient and Modern Athens," illustrated by 
stereopticon views. 

A tall, slim man was hurrying out of the eating- 
room in the Brunswick station the other da3', when 
his valise flew open, and a tooth-brush, a night-shirt, 
and a lady's bustle were strewn along the ijlatform. 
The young man gathei'cd in the first two articles, but 
the deep red blushes chased each other to his ear tips 
as he groped about after the "bird cage," as a 
bystander sympathetically called it. He was fast 
getting nervous when a Bowdoin Soph, came to his 
rescue with the loud remark: "That's the new col- 
lege catcher." The interest of the public lagged. 



and the jaws of the valise closed over the cage 
without further comment. — Kennebec Journal. 

Average repairs will be 62 cents this term. 

The Quartette sang at Damariscotta December 
6th, and at Gorham, December 7lh. 

A Senior was heard to express great surprise 
recently that "George Eliot" was the nom de phnne 
of an English woman ! A Freshman distinguished 
himself by inquiring at the library desk for "Lees 
Mizeraybles." Several men, in registering " Thirty 
Years Out of the Senate," have credited Mark Twain 
with being its author. 

Prof. Johnson addressed the Y. M. C. A. on 
"Inner Life," last Sunday afternoon. 

Saturday evening whist parties seem to be a great 
fad in the ends at present. How is it there's no 
attention paid to chess in college? 

'Ninety-one has elected Bugle editors, but keeps 
their names a profound secret. 

Prof. Little has several copies of Arlo Bates' 
" Songs of Bovvdoin " for sale. This is a rare book. 

The Catalogue. — The eighty-seventh annual 
catalogue came out the Wednesday morning before 
Thanksgiving, and great was the rush thereof to the 
Treasurer's ofiice, to procure copies to take home to 
the folks and the best girl. The rumored revisions, 
additions, and improvements do not appear, and with 
one exception it is about the same old catalogue that 
came in with our Freshman garments, and lasts un- 
changed until our race has run its course. The excep- 
tion noted is the names of the "IMedics"; they are 
printed in full this year, much to the relief of future 
compilers of Triennials. The catalogue has the sins 
of omission and commission common to all printed 
matter, and ils ways of spelling are so at variance 
where a name occurs twice, that we are at a loss to 
know which may be correct. But the catalogue is 
out. It contains two hundred and seventy names, 
those of eighty-six "Medics", and the academic 
classes in their relative numerical strength : '91, tifty- 
eight; '92, forty-four ; '89, thirty-uine ; '90, thirty- 
uine. There are four specials. The students' names 
are the most interesting part of the catalogue, and 
provide palatable pabulum for the student of nomen- 
clature. The longest name in college is that of Mc- 
CuUough, liiirty-one letters, and the two shortest are 
those of Fred Drew and Joel Bean, Jr. There are 
six Smiths, one of whom is Orrin R., and another 
Warren R. No surnames begin with the letters I, Q, 
U, V, X, and Z. S is the favorite cognoniinal initial. 
Four men with surnames commencing "Hu," are of the 
same Psi U. delegation. The boys named after 

le pere number, in '90, one ; '91, four ; '92, two ; which 
reminds us that last year the Junior class contained 
no Juniors ! Of Christian names the most common 
are George and Charles, each occurring thii-teen 
times; Henry (or the modification Harry), and Fred- 
erick (or Fred), each a dozen times; Frank, ten 
times; William (or Will,) and John, nine times, 
anil Thomas and Edward, seven times each. Cases 
where the three initials are alike occur in the names 
of Hastings, '90, and Wingate, special. Then tlrere is 
William Wingate, and William Wingate Hubbard. 
The five names of the two Hilton brothers all have the 
termination "on." There are five pairs of brothers. 
Sixteen surnames occur twice, and three, thrice each. 
The only man with first two initials E. E., (Briggs, 
'90,) was not named for the gallant colonel who was 
the namesake of so many bearing those initials. 
Some of the peculiar names are Verdeil Oberon, 
Mervyn Ap, Lory, Aretas, Aloysius, Willian, Sias, 
Angus, and Veranus. Two of the boys are called 
after localities, in the names Houlton and Kansas. 
P. C. Newbegin was named after Bowdoin's most 
famous professor. Bowdoin men were apparently 
namesakes of the following: Emery and Robie, '89; 
Mitchell, '90; Cilley and Lincoln, '91, and A. M. 
Merriraan, '92. Eight of the boys are from Massa- 
chusetts, five from New Hampshire, two from Ohio, 
and one each from New York, Florida, and Illinois. 
The remainder hail from the Pine Tree State. 

. — Rev. Silas Baker, 
who died in Standish, Me., 
October 31st, was a native of Edge- 
comb, a graduate of Bowdoin in 1828, 
and of Andover in 1831, being ordained 
March 7, 1832. He preached at Truro, Mass., 
Hampden, Kennebunkport, and Standish, from which 
pastorate he retired in 1813, and has since been with- 
out charge. He was 81 years of age. 

'33. — William Thomas Savage, D.D., died at 
Quincy, III., October 10th, aged seventy-six years. 
He was born in Bangor, November 14th, 1812, the 
son of Alexander Savage. His father was for many 
years Register of Probate for Penobscot County. Dr. 
Savage was educated in the schools of Bangor, and 



at the Classical Institute connected with the Theolog- 
ical Seminary, graduated at Bowdoin College in 
1833. He taught the Alfred Academy a year after 
graduating, studied two years at the Bangor Seminary, 
and later at the Lane Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
He was assistant teacher in Hebrew in Lane Semi- 
nary, in 1837-8 ; acting pastor of the Congregational 
churches in Robbinston and Pembrolje, Me., 1838-40, 
and since then has held the pastorate in the fol- 
lowing places: Amherst, N. H. ; Houlton, Maine; 
Franklin, N. H., from 1849 to 1874; Godfrey, 111., 
from 187.5 to 1877, and from that time until his death 
had resided at Quincy, 111. For many years he was 
connected with the educational boards of the places 
in which he lived, and at different times held high 
positions, such as President of the New Hampshire 
Teachers' Institute. During his residence in Frank- 
lin, N. IL, he made a trip abroad. In 1841 he mar- 
ried Miss Mary Langdon Bradbury, of Alfred, Maine, 
a sister of Hon. Bion Bradbury ('30), who founded 
the Mary Langdon scholarship in this college. ■ Dr. 
Savage received the degree of D.D. from Dartmouth 
College in 1868. Throughout his life he has been a 
correspondent to various periodicals. 

'33. — The following is a notice of the life of a 
man, who, though he did not graduate from Bowdoin 
College, yet honors us by his two-years' association 
with this institution. Hugh McCulloch was born in 
Kennebunk, and entered Bowdoin College, but did 
not complete the course of study there. He began to 
read law in Boston in 1831, with Joseph Dane, and 
in 1833 left New England for the West. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Indiana, and seUled at Fort 
Wayne to practice his profession. In 183.5 he was 
appointed cashier and manager of the Fort Wayne 
branch of the State bank of Indiana, and retained 
this position until 1857, when the charter of the bank 
expired. The bank of the State of Indiana succeeded 
the expiring State bank of Indiana, and Mr. McCul- 
loch became president of the new institution. He 
was still at the head of the bank of the State in 1863, 
when he was invited by Secretary Chase to take 
charge of the national currency bureau at Washing- 
ton, and accepted the office of comptroller. In 1865, 
President Lincoln appointed him Secretary of the 
Treasury, and he was retained in this place by Presi- 
dent Johnson for the full term of four years. His 
devotion to his chief cost him the confidence of the 
Republican majority in Congress, and his efforts 
to withdraw the paper currency were summarily 
stopped. After his retirement from office, he went 
abroad for a time, and since his return has lived near 
Washington. In 1884, he was again appointed Sec- 
retary of the Treasury by President Arthur, holding 

the office until after the inauguration of President 
Cleveland in 1885. His leisure since March, 1885, 
has been employed in writing a portly volume of 
recollections of the men he has met and the nieasui-es 
with which he has had to do, during his half century 
of public life. The book was intended, in the outset, 
for his family, and personal friends, and is written 
with a frankness and ease which are very attractive. 
The author does not pose as an historian, but talks of 
thino-s which he has seen and known, with delightful 
freedom. He thinks McClellan was unfairly hamp- 
ered by the authorities at Washington ; Grant is 
probably overrated just at present, great as he was; 
Andy Johnson was a thoroughly honest and patriotic 
President, but his stump speeches were unworthy of 
him ; Chase's administration of the treasury depart- 
ment was a financial miracle ; but the legal tender 
act he considers needless, and the decision of the su- 
preme court acknowledging the authority of Con- 
gress to repeat the act at discretion, lamentable. 
Beginning life a Whig and a protectionist, Mr. 
McCulloch has become a free trader through study 
and observation. Our great danger he finds in the 
extension of the suffrage to ignorant and corruptible 
voters, whose ballots represent money instead of 

'46. — Henry Orr died Sunday, November 20, 1888. 
He was born in Brunswick. Read law in Alfred, 
and settled later in his native town. For many 
years he was judge of the municipal court. 

'46. — By mistake we reported in a late issue that 
John S. H. Fogg, M.D., was a resident of New York 
City. He resides at 481 Broadway, Boston, Mass. 

'gl. — Gustavus L. Palmer died in Waterville, 
Me., October 16, 1888. Dr. Palmer was born in 
North Anson, Me., 1841, and prepared for college at 
Anson Academy. Since studying in Boston he has 
practiced dentistry in Waterville. He was a much 
esteemed citizen and his loss is sincerely mourned. 

'66. — George T. Packard is engaged at New 
Haven on English work connected with the thorough 
revision Webster's Dictionai-y is now undergoing. 
The book is in type as far as P, and will be issued 
inside of a year or two. 

'73. — At Thursday's meeting of the trustees of the 
State Normal School, Prof. Albert F. Richardson, 
principal of Fryeburg Academy, was unanimously 
elected principal of the State Normal School at 
Castine. Mr. Richardson is an experienced and suc- 
cessful teacher, and the trustees have made a wise 
choice. He was formerly principal of Bridgton 
Academy, and is one of the trustees of the Normal 

'79. — Mr. Walter G. Davis, of the Portland Pack- 



ing Company, arrived home from Europe yesterday. 
He landed at Boston in tlie Scytliia and liad a very 
rough passage. — Press, Nov. 27. 

'80. — At a special meeting of the school board, 
Tuesday evening. Superintendent Edwards offered 
his resignation as superintendent of schools, to take 
effect January 1st. After remarks by different mem- 
bers of the board expressing regret at Mr. Edwards 
leaving, his resignation was accepted, and a com- 
mittee consisting of Messrs. Geo. A. Callahan, D. J. 
Callahan, and J. G-. Elder was appointed to prepare 
suitable resolutions of their appreciation of the 
superintendent's work for the past two years. Mr. 
Edwards has been superintendent of our schools a 
little over two years, and by his peculiar fitness for 
the work and by vigilant attention to the wants of 
the schools has been instrumental in a large measure 
in bringing Lewiston's schools up to a high standard, 
and his resignation will be regretted by parents and 
citizens as well as by the school board. We are glad 
to learn that Mr. Edwards is to continue to reside in 
Lewiston, he having associated himself with the 
Lakeside Press Company, where he will have the 
management of the educational and sales depart- 
ment. — Lewiston Journal. 

'88. — Lincoln H. Chapman occupies a position in 
the Newcastle Bank, Newcastle, Me. 



Hall of Theta, a. k. e. 
December 7, 1888. 

Whereas, It has pleased an all-wise and merciful 
Father to i-emove from our midst our brother, Burdus 
Redford Melcher, of the class of 1870 ; 

Besolved, That in his loss his brothers of Theta 
recognize that the fraternity has been deprived of an 
earnest and faithful friend and member ; 

Resolved, That this chapter tenders to the frienils 
and relatives of the deceased its heartfelt sym- 
pathy ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of our lamented brother, and that they 
be inserled in the Bowdoin Orient. 

D. E. Owen, 
T. S. Burr, 
W. E. Perkins, 

For the Chapter. 


The Freshie, wondering what mamma would say, 
Sneaks slyly down to see the play 

By the back way. 
It surely is naughty, but then it's so nice 
E'en from a seat in the Paradise. 

The Sophomore loud with air blase. 
Stalks boldly down to see the play 

And sits in "A"; 
Whence he eyes the priestess of .song, 
Through lorgnette large or field-glass long. 

The Junior so elegant, free and gay, 
In dress suit goes to see the play 

In a coupe. 
She nestling closely to his side 
Who hopes some day to be his bride. 

The Senior, prematurely gray. 
With dignity walks to the play 

Without display. 
He marks the acts with eye and ear. 
While he thumbs the notes in Rolfe's Shakespeare. 
— The Bninonian. 

The estimation that the townsfolk place upon 
Colby students may be faintly illustrated by the fol- 
lowing incident of a few days ago. A couple of 
donkeys strayed on to the campus and contentedly 
commenced to graze. Their owner, as soon as he 
learned that they were trespassing, came after them. 
As he was hurrying through the gate, an old fellow 
who was going by piped out: "Better let 'em stay, 
George, they've got home." — Colby Echo. 

The Colby library has 21,734 volumes. But 4,716 
books were drawn during the past year by the stu- 
dents. — Ex. 

Cornell opens its course of journalism this year 
with Hon. C. E. Fitch, editor of the Rochestei' Demo- 
crat and Chronicle, as instructor. The course is 
very popular ; scores of pupils are taught the begin- 
ner's manual, and its college paper is flourishing. 
Yale, Harvard, and Cornell, each support their daily, 
and Princeton, a tri-weekly. — Ex. 

A ballot was taken on election day among tlie 



girls at Smith College, with the following result : 
Harrison, 317 ; Cleveland, 58; Fisk, 17. On election 
night the Harrison girls held a noisy celebration and 
hanged Cleveland in efflgy, therebj' evoking an ad- 
monitory lecture from President Seelye the following 
morning. — Wellesley Couranl. 

At a recent meeting, the Harvard overseers voted 
to request the committee on government "to con- 
sider, and report promptly to the board, upon the ad- 
visability of making attendance at daily prayers, or at 
roll-call, for those who do not wish to attend prayers, 
compulsory; also upon the advisability of making 
attendance upon recitations and lectures compul- 
sory, and to report whether in their opinion any fur- 
ther action is necessary in regard to the general rules 
affecting discipline and studies in the university; 
and it was also voted to request the dean of the fac- 
ulty to aid them with reports of attendance at college 
exercises." — Cornell Sun. 

Eleven Princeton men who have graduated in the 
last three years have been called to college profes- 
sorships. — Ex. 

More than thirteen hundred members of the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge are opposed to the admission of 
women. — Ex. 


He timidly climbed up the brown stone steps, - 

He timidly rang the Ijell, 
He felt that this visit might be his last. 

But why so he could not tell. 

As he stood at the door the winter wind 

Whirled in the streets about, 
But above its roaring he heard her say, 
"John, tell him that I am out." 

As the door was opened with stately mion, 

He said to the butler tall, 
" Pray, go to Miss Jones with my compliments. 
And tell her I did not call." 

— Williams Weekly. 

Brown University has decided recently against 

Of the 1,494 convicts in Joliet penitentiary, 1-J9 
are college graduates. 

The students of Columbia college are now obliged 
to wear caps and gowns. 

Swarthmore College, controlled in the interest of 
the Society of Friends, has recently received an ad- 
ditional $160,000 to her endowment fund. 

The Northwestern University has offered lots to 
the Greek letter fraternities that will put up chapter 
houses, and several are preparing to build. 

Princeton is considering the advisability of adopt- 
ing a new "yell," consisting of the word "Prince- 
ton," repeated three Wm&s.— Pennsylvanian. 

The new hall of science of the University of 
Wisconsin, lately completed and occupied, cost 

A volume entitled "Dartmouth Lyrics," contain- 
ing selections from the verse in the college periodi- 
cals since their beginning, is announced to be in 
press. The compilers are two students of the col- 

When a Freshman doesn't hear plainly the Prof.'s 
question, he says in a subdued voice, "Pardon me, 
professor, but I did not understand you." The Soph- 
omore says, " Will you please repeat your question ?" 
The Junior says, "What, sir?" The Senior says, 
"Huh ? " — Collegian. 

Stagg, of Yale, has written a series of four pa- 
pers on base-ball, for Harper^s Young People, and 
Hall, of Columbia, will contribute two articles on 
lawn tennis to the same periodical. 

A press and engine have been purchased for 
printing the Northwestern at the Northwestern 

The University of Cambridge has just conferred 
upon Prince Albert Victor the degree of LL.D. 

You ask why I knelt at her leet last night. 
In a shadowy nook of the dim-lighted hall, 
And why for so long in that attitude bowed ? 
'Twas to fasten the tie of her slipper, — that's all. 

And why should I blush when you question me now ? 
Don't you think you could guess, if you really tried ? 
For why should I blush, unless it's because 
'Twas a love knot that last night I tied ? 

— Vassar Miscellany. 


Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
Language. With illustrations. Vol. 7. Same, Vol.8. 
J. B. Alden, New York. 

John Calvin is the first title in Vol. VII. of Alden's 
Manifold Cyclopedia, and Cevennes, the name of the 
chief mountain range in the South of France, the last. 
Between these there are over 600 pages, including 
considerably over 100 illustrations, devoted to topics 
in every department of human knowledge, for in- 
stance : Calypso, in Grecian legend, 9 lines ; Calyx 
(in botany), 30 lines ; Cam (a river), 9 lines ; Camal- 
dolites (a religious order), 10 lines ; Cambridge Uni- 
versity, .5 l-'i pages; Camera (in optics), 3 pages; 
Canada, 8 pages; Cards (playing), 4 pages ; Car- 
pentry (10 illustrations), 5 pages; Cataleotic (in 
poetry), 2 lines, and so on. These few specimens 
indicate the variety and comprehensiveness of the 
knowledge embraced within the scope of the 



work. It is an ordinary Cyclopedia of Universal 
Knowledge, and an Unabridged Dictionary of Lan- 
guage in one, the editorial work being in skillful 
hands, the mechanical work, paper, printing and 
binding, all that one can reasonably wish, the form 
convenient beyond all precedent in works of refer- 
ence, and the cost trivial. The eighth volume extends 
from Ceylon to Club-Foot, and is fully equal to its 

Gobthe's Torquato Tasso. Edited for the use of stu- 
dents, by Calvin Thomas. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co., 
18SS. Pp. LXi., 181, 12 mo. 

Of Professor Thomas' edition of Goethe's "Tor- 
quato Tasso "we can speak with almost unreserved 
praise. The editor has written an introduction, of 
over fifty pages, which sheds full light on the life of 
Goethe in its connection witli this play, and analyzes 
in detail the characters, plot, and actiou of the play 
itself. If we do not always agree with Professor 
Thomas' conclusions, we are furnished with abundant 
material on which to base an independent judgment. 
The valuable Appendix I., with its thirty-six titles, 
gives as full a bibliography as could be desired. 
The sources of the text, which are given in Appendix 
11. , are good evidence of the great care which has 
been bestowed on this feature of the book. We 
judge, however, that on practical grounds it would 
be better to put the imijortant variants at the foot of 
the text itself, or to embody them in the notes. Read- 
ers have au easy-going habit of actually consulting 

only one set of notes in a book, and so would at 
least be more inclined to examine any notes on the 
language if they are arranged with tlie others in 
numerical order. We miss a table of contents, which 
is the more desirable on account of the length and 
subdivisions of the introduction. 


Traumereien, Miircheu von Richard Leander. 
Heath's German Series. 

Deutsche Novelletten-Bibliothek. Band II. Bern- 
hardt. D. C. Heath. 

Lectures on Pedagogy, by Compayre. D. C. 

♦CO. «*a. O/i^mXa 

4w ii%f^f:J:.L 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this ofHce the record of carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charge to school officers for services rendered. 


Now IS THE Time to Register for accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a week passes when we do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Forms and Circulars sent free. 


You have peculiar facilities for reaching out over the whole 
United States second to no agency in the country, vve shall not 
forget you. 

Monson Academy. D. M. D. 

Thanks for your promptness. Your Information was ample, 
and candidates excellent am] more satisfactory than those sug- 
gested Ijy the other iigcncies I named. 

Wilcox Female Institute, Camden, Ala. C. S. I>. 

I desire to thank you for the very .able manner in which you 
assisted me in obtalnmg a teacher. 

Middletown, Conn, E. H. W. 

I fully believe that you conduct the best Teachers' Bureau in 
the nation, and shall not fail to seek your aid in the near future. 

E. T. P. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

The position I have received through your aid is most satis- 
factory, and I thank you for securing it for me. 

A. W. T. 
Marlow, N. H. 

I wish to thiuik you for the c.\cellcnt work you have done 


Springfield, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIRAM ORCUTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 



Vol. XVIII. 

No. 12. 

B O W ] ) O [ -\ C) II I E X ^J\ 




F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. "Watts, 'SP, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '8!t. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can he obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to tlie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Poat-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 12.-jANnARY 16, 1889. 

Helen 161 

Editorial Notes, 161 

The Peucinian and Athenaean Societies, 163 

Vale 164 

Bowdoin Alnmni Association of New York, .... 165 
Communications : 

A Lecture Revival, 165 

A Nuisance 166 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 166 

Personal 169 

In Memoriam 170 

College World 171 

Book Reviews, 171 


Fairest of fair; 
Of earth's daughters, level}'. 

Sweeter b}' far 
Than the heavens above thee. 

Daughter of Greece ! 
Thy fair face has descended. 

Dearer than peace, 
On all lands, thus befriended. 

Blessings to thee 
For the gift of thy beauty. 

Thy fair daughters to see 
May it e'er be our duty. 

We iinblish in this number a commu- 
nication in regard to liaving a course of lect- 
ures delivered before the students this winter. 
We have no doubt that every student would 
be glad to attend such a course. Certainly, 
we may suppose so from the marked favor 
with which the lectures were received three 
years ago. 

Such a course would fill a long-felt want, 
and we hope that the Faculty will take steps 
to arrange for its delivery. 

Mr. C. L. Brownson will fill the position 
of tutor in Greek this term. Mr. Brownson 
is a graduate of Yale, class of '87, and is at 
present a Fellow of that University. He 
comes highly recommended, bringing to his 
work a thorough knowledge of the Greek 
language and literature. 

A tutor was provided to lighten the duties 
of Prof. Woodruff, who will have the Sen- 
iors in Bible Study. Mr. Brownson will find 
Bowdoin students a gentlemanly and en- 
thusiastic set of fellows, disposed to do the 
square thing every time, and the Orient 
trusts and believes that the relations between 
the new member of the Faculty and the 
student-body will be mutually pleasant and 

A long step forward has been taken in 
educational matters by the formation of the 



Commission on Admission Examinations. 
Fourteen New England colleges are now- 
represented on this commission by some 
member of their respective Faculties. 

It has two ends in view, — the elevation 
of the standard of college entrance examina- 
tions, and the introduction of a system which 
will render the requirements more uniform. 

It seems to us that the standard of ad- 
mission is already as high as can be main- 
tained with profit until a new system of 
study is introduced into our fitting schools. 
The boy who intends to enter college, in 
order to meet the present requirements, is 
obliged to begin his fitting course at so early 
an age, that what we term common school 
studies are in a great many cases left in a 
crude and imperfect condition. It is this 
neglect of early studies that is in most cases 
responsible for the surprising deficiency 
which many college graduates exhibit in the 
simplest branches of learning. 

As to the second end of the commission 
we do not see how it can be anything else 
than beneficial. It often happens that a stu- 
dent is compelled by force of circumstances 
to fit at a school which prepares for a college 
other than that which he intends to enter. 
He is obliged to do an extra amount of work, 
large in any ease, or enter college conditioned 
on the studies which he has not taken up. 

The commission has an excellent field to 
work in, and we hope that it will accomplish 
its purpose. 

In some colleges the Seniors are excused 
from gymnasium drill. This is as it should 
be. The studies of Senior year require a 
large aiuount of hard work. Time must be 
economized, and when a man does "plug" 
he must give his undivided attention to it. 
It is somewhat unpleasant to remember, just 
as you are getting ready to meditate on some 
profound principle of philosophy, or are pre- 
paring to spring on an unsuspecting world 

the discovery of a new chemical product, 
that you must run into the gymnasium and 
pull a two-pound chest-weight or brandish a 
fencing foil, half an hour. 

By the time a man reaches Senior year 
he ought to know how much exercise he can 
take without detriment to his system. Prob- 
ably for the Freshman half an hour a day is 
none too much, but for the Senior it is misery 
" long drawn out." 

Soon we shall go forth from the classic 
halls of our beloved Alma Mater. In a few 
short months the places that know us now 
will know us no more. For three years we 
have cultivated our muscle and beautified 
our physique. Is it too much to ask that 
our last months be spent in peace ; that this 
dread spectre, which for three long years has 
haunted us, shall be driven away, and that 
we may go forth from Bowdoin's halls with 
the feeling that our Senior year was made 
beautiful by the absence of gymnasium re- 

The ball team has begun its winter prac- 
tice in the gymnasium, and the boys begin 
to wonder what position our team will hold 
in the base-ball procession this j'ear. 

It seems to us that we may refer the de- 
feats of past years, in great part, to two 
causes. One of these is that we have had 
no organized second nine. Such a nine is 
valuable help in practice, besides furnishing 
skilled players in time of need. 

The other cause is, that too frequently 
the men on the nine have not known until 
just before the game what position they were 
to occupy. Last year men were practiced 
in every position on the team, and the result 
was in some cases that they played none of 
them too well. It is to be hoped that this 
year's management will eliminate these two 
causes of defeat and give those who support 
the team a chance to see the pennant wave 
over our diamond. 






In one of the last numbers of the Ori- 
ent there is an editorial expressing a desire, 
on the part of some alumni, for informa- 
tion in regard to the last j^ears of the Peu- 
cinian and Athenaean Societies. Having 
consulted several of the young alumni in 
whose day and generation the end came, the 
information has been so meager that it is 
hoped the vrriter w^ill be pardoned if he at- 
tempts a historical sketch of those two well 
known organizations, which may be of in- 
terest to the alumni and other readers of the 

In nearly every prominent college in the 
country, in the early part of this century, 
there were open debating societies conducted 
by the student-body, secret societies then 
being in disfavor with both faculty and pub- 
lic. Those societies were strictly local, hav- 
ing no branches at other colleges. The two 
societies which will be forever associated 
with the early history of Bowdoin, and which 
exercised such a healthful influence upon the 
mind of the Bowdoin student in the good 
old days were the Peucinian and Athensean. 

The mention of those two societies, which 
existed side by side in our college for so 
many years, will probably touch a chord of 
interest in the heart of every old alumnus 
of Bowdoin, many of whom still regret, and 
not without reason, that two old organi- 
zations, which formed such an important 
factor of the college life in their time, should 
have become extinct. 

The Peucinian, the older of the two, was 
in reality the reorganization, in 1807, of 
the Philoinatliean Society wliich was founded 
in 1805, at which time the constitution was 
revised and the name Peucinian adopted 
after much discussion. The motto, '•'• Pinos 
loquentes semper habemus," was probably 

chosen at the same time, the letters of which 
P. L. S. H. only were written. Mr. A. G. 
Tenney, '35, for many years President of 
the General Society, says : " The motto was 
the only secret in connection with the so- 
ciety. All through my college course, and 
for many years after, as far as I know, no 
one except the members of the society knew 
the meaning of it." However, it was printed 
in full on the title-page of the Peucinian 
catalogue of 1858. 

In 1808 the first anniversary was held, at 
which C. S. Davies, '07, delivered an oration 
which was printed in one of the Boston 
papers of that time, and very favorably com- 
mented upon. The society continued in a 
moderately prosperous condition until 1813, 
when, the control of the constitution having 
been given into the hands of the General 
Society, the organization took a new lease of 

A glimpse at the condition of the society 
in 1815 is given in an address written at that 
time, in which the writer states that the so- 
ciety had no room of its own, but met in 
alphabetical order in the rooms of its mem- 
bers. The exercises opened with a written 
argument, by two members, on both sides of 
a given question, and a general debate fol- 
lowed, each member being called upon in 
turn to speak. The library in that year is 
said to have contained five hundred volumes, 
which had been collected gradually by the 
gifts of the undergraduate members. At 
the anniversary exercises of 1824, Longfel- 
low delivered the poem, every trace of which 
has unfortunately been lost. In 1827 the 
constitution was amended so as to allow 
Freshmen to be admitted. This change was 
made on account of the rapid growth of the 
Athensean which was becoming quite as 
powerful as its predecessor, both in numbers 
and influence. The rivalry of the earlier 
years seems to have diminished, for in 1886 
the Peucinian very kindly offered the use of 



its library to the Athensean, whose library- 
had been destroyed by the burning of Maine 
Hall, February 17th, of that year. 

About 1840 the society adopted a badge pin, 
previous to that a silver medal having been 
worn. It consisted of a slab of black enamel, 
at the top of which was the word Peucinian 
in gold letters, below a pine tree with the 
letters P. L. S. H., two on each side, and at 
the bottom the date 1805 ; on the back were 
the initials or name of the member, Bowd. 
Coll., and the date of his initiation. The 
records of 1844 state that a history of the 
society was written by Hon. W. D. North- 
end, '43, but it can not be found. The Peu- 
cinian published a series of triennial cata- 
logues, the first in 1843 and the last in 1858. 
Among the prominent names on its list are 
Hon. C. S. Davies, ex-Gov. Dunlap, Prof. A. 
S. Packard, Prof. William Smith, John S. C. 
Abbott, Henry W. Longfellow, Dr. Geo. B. 
Cheever, Rev. Dr. Bartol, and Prof. E. C. 
Smyth of Andover. 

Even after the secret societies were es- 
tablished, the Peucinian and Athensean con- 
tinued to exert a powerful influence in col- 
lege affairs. Their decline was gradual but 
sure, and from 1870 until their final dissolu- 
tion their existence was only nominal. In 
the Okient of May 6, 1874, the following 
appears in tlie locals : " At a special meet- 
ing of the Peucinian Society, held at the 
close of last term, the following gentlemen 
were unanimously elected disputants for the 
St. Croix prize: Ferguson and Hunter, '74, 
and Hill, '75. The books of the Peucinian 
have been re-arranged and classified, and the 
library is now in fine running order." Mr. 
A. G. Tenney says : " For some )'ears before 
its final removal to the college library, I kept 
the Peucinian library closed, by order of the 
General Society, because so many books were 
stolen. Some were afterward returned, but 
a good many valuable sets were broken up." 
The Orient of March 10, 1875, says : " The 

Peucinian Society is defunct as far forth as 
the purposes for which it was established are 
concerned, and Henry W. Longfellow is 
coming here next Commencement, too." 

A young alumnus says: "I was initiated 
into the Peucinian and that is all there was 
to it. We stood up in a row and at a signal 
we were hit on the head with pine branches 
held in the hands of the members of the 
society, the motto, ' Pinos loquentes semper 
habemus," being quoted. I never attended 
any meetings and I don't think any were 
held." Another alumnus says : " I received 
a notice that I had been elected to the Peu- 
cinian, but I don't think any initiation was 
ever held, and I never heard of any meetings 
being held. While I was in college there 
was a prize offered for the best debaters in 
the Peucinian and Athenfean, but no debate 
ever took place." 

At Commencement, in 1875, the Peucin- 
ian voted to give its library to the college, 
and as no members were taken in after the 
class of '78. in that year the Peucinian ceased 
to exist. 

Perhaps it is as well that the good old society 
should be given^up, rather than that it should 
continue neglected and useless. While the 
memory of the good that it accomplished 
sliall endure as long as the " Pinos Loquen- 
tes" from which it took its name, watch over 
the halls of old Bowdoin. 


Vale, Old, the glass is turning, 

Tlie glistening sands are nearly run. 
Thy life's bright glow has left its burning, 

Its work is done. 
Its embers show a mazy tracing, — 

A netted p.ath of shade and light, — 
Now sin, now truth, thy beams are chasing 

Throughout thy night. 
And in tlie rosy flush of morning 

Sometimes thy day begins in wrong, — 
Sometimes a new day seems just dawning 
Thy paths among. 



Vale, Old, we leave thee sadly. 

As thy requiem we toll. 
Though we hail the New Year gladly, 
Rest thy soul. 


Salve, New, we give thee greeting. 
Thy life's scroll is yet unrolled. 

But thy moments will be fleeting, 

Thou'lt soon be old, — thy scroll we'll fold. 

Still, we ring thy birth with gladness 
For the joy thy course may bring. 

Cease tolling, bells,— lose all thy sadness, — 
The New Year ring, — thy anthems sing. 

With the dying of the Old Year 

May the shadows in thy memory 

Fly away, and leave no sorrow. 

With the coming of the New Year 

May thy courage, brightly shining, 

Illume the way for each to-morrow. 


We are indebted for the following to the 
New York Mail and Express : 

On the evening of January 9th, at the Hoffman 
House, the songs and the praises of Bowdoin were 
sung till the morning hours. About thirty-five of 
her sons, gathered from New York City and adjoining 
States, took their seats around a single large table at 
about 7. At the head of the table sat James McKeen, 
the President of the Associalion, having on his right 
Gen. O. O. Howard, commander of the Department 
of the Atlantic, and on his left Prof. Leslie A. Lee, 
of the college, who has just returned from the gov- 
ernment scientific expedition to the South Seas. Near 
the head of the table were Gen. Joshua L. Chamber- 
lain, ex-Governor of Maine and ex-President of Bow- 
doin; Gen. ThoniiiS H. Hubbard, Rev. Dr. Newman 
Smyth of New Haven; William P. Drew of Phila- 
delphia; Almon Goodwin, Dr. George F. Jackson, 
and William A. Abbott. Among others present were 
Dr. F. H. Dillingham, Secretary of the Association ; 
Augustus F. Libby and Col. Walter S. Poor of New 
York ; Prof. Augustine Jones, President of the Boston 
Bowdoin Alumni Association ; Charlton Lewis, rep- 
resenting the Yale Alumni Association, and Robert 
C. Alexander, secretai-y of the Union College Alumni 
Association of New York City. 

Following are the officers of the Association 
elected for the ensuing year : President, Almon 

Goodwin ; Vice-Presidents, Benjamin B. Foster, Wil- 
liam A. Abbott, Augustus F. Libby, William J. 
Curtis; Secretary and Treasurer, Dr. F. H. Dilling- 
ham ; Corresponding Secretary, Dr. W. S. Dennett. 

In response to the toast, "Alma Mater," Prof. 
Leslie A. Lee said that, although not a graduate of 
Bowdoin, his fourteen years there had made him feel 
like one. He reported the college to be in excellent 
condition, with full classes and a complete Faculty. 

Gen. O. O. Howard was at his happiest, and 
indulged in pleasant reminiscences of his college 
days until he called himself down and Gov. Cham- 
berlain up. The latter is evidently a favorite with 
Bowdoin men, as was evidenced by their hearty 
reception of him as he rose to speak. He spoke with 
excusable pride of the brilliant achievements of Bow- 
doin men in literature, statesmanship, generalship, 
in science, in the professions, and in Wall Street. 

Chief Justice Fuller was prevented from being 
present, but his place was taken by a classmate, 
William P. Drew, of Philadelphia, who entertained 
the company with a speech both humorous and elo- 
queut. The Chief Justiceship, he said, had been 
oftered to every member of the class of '53, in succes- 
sion, but " Mel Fuller " was the only one of the class 
who had made money enough to afford to take it. 

Col. Walter S. Poor spoke in acknowledgment of 
the generosity of Gen. Thomas H. Hubbard, who has 
provided tablets of brass, to be attached to the walls 
of Memorial Hall, commemorating the names and 
deeds of the heroes of Bowdoin who imperiled or 
lost their lives in the defense of their country. 

Other speeches were made by Prof. Augustine 
Jones, President of the Boston Alumni Association ; 
William J. Curtis of Brunswick, who spoke for the 
" y-'go^rs " or natives of the college town ; William 
A. Abbott, Dr. F. H. Dillingham, the secretary, and 
Robert C. Alexander, on behalf of the Union College 
Alumni Association. The assembly broke up soon 
after midnight with songs and cheers for " Old 


In years past it has been the custom for 
tire Faculty to arrange a course of lectures 
for the students and such towns-people as 
miglit choose to attend. Last year this course 
was omitted, but not through any such de- 
sire on the part of the students, as the lect- 



ures during the preceding winter were very 
well attended. 

I noticed in the last Orient that two of 
our professors have already made arrange- 
ments to lecture at one of the academies 
during the winter. Why wouldn't it be a 
good plan to utilize some of our home ma- 
terial here? In nearly all the colleges in the 
country a course of lectures is given em- 
bracing, in some cases, the leading speakers 
of the country, and there seems to be no 
reason why Bowdoin should be lacking in 
this popular method of instruction. 

We are perhaps too far from the center 
of attraction to secure any leading lights, 
but there is not the least reason why we 
need to go outside our own Faculty for men 
to instruct us on the leading topics of the 
day. To be sure this would necessitate ex- 
tra work on the part of the Faculty, but I 
think they would be quite willing to devote 
one evening a winter to such a purpose. At 
least let us invite them, and assure them that 
we would appreciate such a course. 


With the first snow-storm came the usual 
raid on windows, and this time it fell to the 
lot of Winthrop to suffer the greatest dam- 
age. In the northern end nearly every pane 
of glass was broken simply for the amuse- 
ment (?) of a few. 

At first thought it seems strange that a 
Sophomore should stoop so low as to do such 
a thing, but when we see him surrounded by 
an admiring group of Freshmen laughing at 
the boldness of the aforesaid Sopliomore, we 
can easily understand his position. Last 
year he could not snow-ball and looked with 
unbounded admiration On the man who could 
stand up and deliberately break out every 
pane of glass in an End, so this year he 
naturally supposes that he creates the same 
amount of admiration in the present Fresh- 
man class. 

It may be fine sport to break windows, 
but it seems only fair that those who do the 
damage should foot the bills. It is hardly 
right, for instance, to expect a man who 
rooms in Appleton, and cannot even hear the 
crash, to pay as much for glass broken in 
Winthrop as one who rooms in the latter 
building and has to wade through broken 
glass and snow to get to his room. 

It is not well to become too sedate and 
sober, and in this respect Bowdoin needs 
little reform, but it does seem as if this de- 
liberate breaking of glass ought to be stopped. 
I recall but one instance during the past two 
years where the damage to college property 
was assessed on the perpetrators of the deed, 
but perhaps it would be well to do this 

Let each one think of this, and see if he 
cannot employ his time to better advantage 
than the wanton destruction of property. 

Calendar, Winter Term, 1889. 
Jan. 8. — Tuesday. Term began. 
Jan. 24.— Thursday. Twentieth Annual 
Reunion of Portland Bowdoin Alumni. 
Jan. 31. — Thursday. Day of Prayer for 
Feb. 7.— Tliursday. Openingof Medical School. Lecture 

by Dr. Frederic Henry Gerrish. 
Feb. 22.— Friday. Washington's Birthday. 
March 20 (about). Gymnastic Exhibition. 
April 4.— Thursday. '68 Prize Speaking by the Seniors. 
April 2-5. — Tuesday-Friday. Examinations. 
April 5. — Friday. Term closes, with the loth week. 

Prof. Bowen spent the holidays at his home in 
western New York. 

Prof. Lee has; been in Washington on business 
connected with the United States Fish Commission. 



Merrill, '89, spent a part of the vacation in New 
. York. 

The Seniors will take up the History of Philos- 
ophy this winter under President Hyde. The text- 
book used is Seelye's translation of Schwegler's work 
on the subject. 

Watts has some very fine views of the college 
buildings for sale, taken by himself. 

They say we are to have a piano in the gym. this 

White, '89, and McCuUough, "JO, spent the vaca- 
tion in Boston. 

•Mr. Stephen A. Holt of Winchester, Mass., of the 
class of '46, has given a liberal sum to the library, 
by means of which a large number of new books on 
the Bible have been purchased to be used in the new 

F. M. Russell, '89, spent the vacation in Massa- 
chusetts. He expects to go into the banking business 
next year. 

Field, '91, has returned to college. His school 
was closed on account of scarlet fever among the 

Pendleton is doing a rushing business in books 
and stationery. It will pay you to patronize him. 

The Bowdoin library ranks tenth among the col- 
lege libraries of the country. 

We clip the following from the Bangor Whig of 
a recent date : 

To Prof. C. H. Smith is largely due the credit of the 
present system of self-government at Bowdoin College. 
The college never had a truer friend than he. Methodical, 
industrious, frank, and fair, he has won a warm place in 
the hearts of those who have enjoyed the advantages of 
his instruction. 


Listen to the chinner's song, 

As for rank he wrangles; 
'Round his tutors all day long 

Glib, his tongue he angles. 

Never goes he to the gym., 

Time he cannot squander. 
What are health and strength to him ? 

For of rank he's fonder. 

But the Fates in accents grim 

Now have sternly said, 
Every absence from the gym. 

Means an awful dead. 

So, henceforth, in tights you'll see, 

Picturesquely grouped, 
Literary sliapes of whom 

Love of rank has scooped. 

A course of lectures will be delivered at the Con- 
gregational Church, Harpswell, for the benefit of the 
society, the first to take place January 8th, and 
to be delivered by Prof. F. E. Woodruff; subject, 
"Ancient and Modern Athens," illustrated by the ster- 
eopticon. Prof. Lee will speak later on "Glimpses 
of South America" caught during his recent trip, 
and Rev. Elijah Kellogg will close the course. 

The twentieth annual meeting of the Bowdoin 
alumni of Portland and vicinity will be held at the 
Falmouth Hotel, January 2J:th. The anniversary 
oration will be given by Hon. John Anderson Water- 
man of the class of '46, and the poem by Mr. Freder- 
ick Odell Conant of the class of '80. Mr. Eliphalet 
Greely Spring of the class of '80 will act as toast- 

At the last meeting of the Maine Pedagogues 
Prof. Johnson read a paper, in which he described 
his method of teaching German. The Juniors and 
Seniors are taking up the study under the new plan, 
and are greatly pleased with it. 

Some one removed the schedule of recitations 
from the bulletin-board Monday afternoon. Such 
deeds show great ingenuity and a profound respect 
for the convenience of others. It may also postpone 
recitations a short time and give the boys a short 
rest, but it seems to us as though this might be dis- 

Arthur E. Hatch, Bates, '89, was canvassing Bow- 
doin with his book, the " Progressive Annual," the 
latter part of last term, and met with good success. 

Dancing master Gilbert has composed a waltz, 
called "The Bowdoin," named in honor of our stu- 

Three hundred copies of Attornej'-General Baker's 
address here, last Commencement, have been printed, 
one of which can be read at the library. 

Frank A. Wilson, ex-'89, obtained honorable 
mention in French at Williams College, at Com- 
mencement, 1888. 

The Wellesley girls so enjoyed President Hyde's 
sermon, preached there November 18th, that the 
Senior class have voted to print it, and appointed a 
committee for that purjoose. 

Hodgkins, '92, has left college. 

"Gourmand's Spectacled Minstrels," quoth a yao-- 
ger, Friday, December 21st, as a group of students, 
distinguished by an abundance of plug hats and eye- 
glasses, followed a wagon load of trunks, piled 
seven high, dovvn to the railroad station. 

Parker, '91, has received from King, Richardson 
& Co., a handsome gold watch, suitably inscribed, in 



token of his sale of over 300 of their books during 
the summer. This was second among the prizes 
open to their canvassers all over the country. 

Dr. Hyde preaches in Appleton Chapel, Harvard, 
January 20th. 

Carleton Lewis Brownson, Yale, '87, and recently 
a post-graduate student there, has been appointed 
tutor, with charge of Sophomore Latin and Fresh- 
man Greek. 

Burleigh, '91, and Perkins, '92, stenographers, 
are out reporting legislative proceedings this winter. 

Prof. Chapman preached in the Second Parish 
Church, Portland, morning and afternoon of Sunday, 
December 30th. 

The Bugle editors remained in town through va- 
cation to complete their work. The volume may be 
looked for ere many moons. 

Lazell, '92, has been appointed to fill the vacancy 
in the bass on the glee club. No new tenor has been 
selected as yet. Gately, '92, will probably be col- 
lege yodler. The guitar and banjo club has been 
reorganized for this season. The personnel: Files, 
Freeman ('90), Simpson, and Rich, banjos; and 
Niekerson, Carroll, Gilpatrie, and Lazell, guitars. 

At the meeting of the Pejepscot Historical Society 
of Brunswick, the first of the new year. Prof. John- 
son was elected Vice-President, and Prof. Chapman 
and A. G. Tenney, '35, on the executive committee. 

"The Bridglon News says that in our rural towns 
' the kissing party and the husking bee are no longer 
the most popular gatherings, but the Chautauqnan 
circle and literary clubs receive the public patron- 
age.' The News calls that a social improvement, 
which of course it is. Still we fancy that we detect 
in our contemporary's remark an undertone of regret 
for the days that are no more," says the Porlland Ex- 
press, and we guess the ^'xpress has just touched 
brother Shorey's weakness, who always wears the 
air of a man who does not countenance earthly pleas- 
ures. — Brunswick Telegraph. 

A. C. Shorey, '88, is editor of the News. 

Ex-Professor Carmichael has just been granted a 
patent for treating fibre ware. 

A. W. Preston, of Amherst, ex-'89, visited his 
friends at Bovvdoin just previous to vacation. 

An '87 man, speaking of the recent mild weather, 
asserts that it is nothing remarkable for even this 
season of the year. He declares that when in col- 
lege he once played tennis on the loth of January. 

Rev. E. C. Guild is to give a course of lectures 
on Wordsworth, before the college, this winter. 

Gymnasium hours this term: Seniors, 11.45 to 
12.15; Juniors, 4.15 to 4.46; Sophomores, 4.45 to, 
5.15; Freshmen, 5.15 to 5.45. Work began last 

The Freshman yell rang out for the first time 
December 21st. It goes: '"Rah! 'Rah! Hoo ! 'Rah! 
Bowdoin ! 'Rah! 'Rah! Duo kai enenakonia! 

Rev. F. W. Sanford, of Tojisham, addressed the 
Y. M. C. A. after prayers last Sunday. 

The first themes of the term are due from both 
classes the 30th. Junior subjects : I. — Robert Els- 
mere. H. — Influence of the Federalist. Sophomore ; 
I. — The North American Indian in the works of 
Cooper. II. — Methods of travel in the United States 
at the beginning of the Century. 

The Boston Evening Record of the 12th, gave a 
set of hazing stories from Wesleyan, Harvard, Yale, 
Williams, Amherst, Dartmouth, Tufls, Brown, and 
Bowdoin. The part relating to us is interesting, 
with some new anecdotes, though Phi Chi initiation 
is told of for the thousandth time with the usual for- 
mula. The name of the author of the famous war 
song, however, is first given publicity. It is Edward 
P. Mitchell, '71, now of the Neio Tork Sun. The 
Record article contains a picture of Janitor Booker 
busy with an axe, chopping out of the inverted chapel 
bell, ice which some naughty Sophs had frozen into 
it. In this connection we quote one iteiii : " '72 once 
filled the bell with snow, in which six quarts of coal 
ashes and clinkers had been ' dissolved.' Tradition 
is here divided as to whether Booker used up a dozen 
axes, or thawed the bell out with hot water ! " 

The Bath Sentinel tells of three Freshmen who 
recently took a buggy ride, during which they were 
thrown out, then lost off the hind wheel, and finally 
took an overturn. Who were they? 

Prof. Robinson has moved into his new residence. 

The pious Senior now elects Bible study on the 
partial ground that he can plug it Sunday without 
injuring his conscience. 

A Bowdoin man in the Kennebec Journal had an 
interesting article about the college, and of the Bruns- 
wick society says: "Sjieaking of Brunswick girls, 
quite a number of them have married college boys in 
the year past, and despite the generally accepted idea 
that they often got the class harum scarums, I must 
confess my belief that these matches have often been 
happy ones. Perhaps the girls learned to know the 
true manhood of boys ahead of their classmates. At 
any rate most of the old time harum scarums who 
have found life partners in the good old town of 
Biunswick have settled down into pretty substantial 



men, and this is largely due, T think, to the influence 
of those same Brunswick girls. The advantages were 
mutual, the choice mutual, and hence the happiness 
was mutual. By the way, isn't this always the case 
when the young people arrange such matters for 
themselves ? " 

It is announced that the Faculty agreed not to 
p/ace the number of prayers and church cuts on last 
term's rank bills. This, together with the fifteen 
rule, apparently means the utmost latitude in this 
direction, and also suggests that prayers should be 
made either optional or absolutely required, fairly 
and squarely. 

Mr. Geo. L. Thompson of Brunswick, ex-'77, and 
brother of Thompson, '92, has been appointed on 
Gov. Burleigh's staff. 

Prof. Little has sent out a preliminary listof Bow- 
doin men in the war, which, when revised and cor- 
rected, will be placed on the new bronze tablets for 
Memorial Hall. There are three hundred names. 
It is hoped to have the list complete by February 1st. 

Rev. E. C. Guild is giving at his church a series 
of Sunday evening lectures on the Christian Graces 
in Social Life. Topics: January 13th — Cheerfulness; 
20th — Courtesy ; 27th — Hospitality ; February 3d — 
Conversation, I. ; 10th — Conversation, II. 

"Who were the six men who went out of the Senior 
gallery, just before the benediction, last Sunday? 

'40. — Rev. James Parte- 
low Weston, D.D., died in 
3ring, after a very severe attack of 
rheumatic gout. Dr. Weston was 
born in Bremen, in July, 1815, and was 
therefore in his seventy-fourth year. He 
graduated from Bowdoin College in the 
class of 1840, and among his classmates were Ezra 
Abbott, Alex. H. Abbott, Professor W. S. Blanchard, 
Isaiah Dole, Rev. Elijah Kellogg, William Pitt Preble, 
Rev. Dr. Edward Robie, Professor J. B. Soule, John 
K. True— who was principal of Westbrook Seminary 
at one time— and Dr. A. G. Upham. After gradua- 
tion he taught a select school in Readfield for a time, 
and then became principal of the Liberal Institute, a 

Universalist institution in Waterville. Meanwhile, 
having directed his studies with reference to the min- 
istrj', he began to preach in the Institute, and in 1842 
was ordained at the session of the Maine convention 
of Uuiversalists held in Augusta. In 1843 he ac- 
cepted a call from the society of that faith in Gorham, 
where he remained until 1850. He then resumed 
the position that he had held in Waterville until the 
winter of 1853, when he accepted the charge of the 
Westbrook Seminai-y, which, by his energetic and 
personal effort, was raised from a depressed condition 
to one of comparative prosperity. In 1859 Dr. Wes- 
ton was invited to the presidency of Lombard Uni- 
versity, Galesburg, 111. Here, again, he exhibited, 
as is reported, " marked executive and financial abil- 
ities," and was successful during twelve years of 
service in securing for the institution patronage and 
relief. In 1872, having retired from the presidency, 
he became principal of Dean Academ}', Franklin, 
Mass., and remained there until 1877, when he re- 
tired for needed rest. In 1878 he accepted the presi- 
dency of Westbrook Seminary and Female College, 
which, under his successful management, took upon 
itself renewed strength and growth, and. now stands 
on a firm footing and holds a high place among the 
educational institutions of New England. Dr. Wes- 
ton received from Tufts College the degree of D.D. 
in 1864. His death leaves a gap in the Universalist 
denomination that it will not be easj' to fill. He was 
a man of marked ability, of aft'ectionate disposition, 
and great strength of character. He gained not 
only the respect but also the love of his pupils 
and teachers, and his success in building up the 
institutions with which he was connected bears testi- 
mony to the fact. — Portland Press. 

The success of Dr. Weston as a teacher and man- 
ager in our denominational schools, especially at 
Westbrook Seminary, constitutes a noble and lasting 
monument to his memory. Thousands have been 
under his instruction, and by him the love of study 
has been awakened or quickened in hundreds of 
minds. From all over the land would come warm 
tributes of respect and gratitude to their former 
teacher and friend could the many he has benefited 
openly express their feelings toward him. — Oospel 

'44.— Dr. Thomas J W. Pray, of Dover, N. H., 
died Sunday, December 11, 1888, leaving a wife and 
two children. He was born in l^ebanon, Maine, 
September 2, 1819. He was graduated from Bowdoin 
College in 1844 and began the study of medicine with 
Dr. J. W. Jewett of South Berwick, but afterwards 
went to New York, were he completed his education 
under Prof. E. R. Peaslee. The degree of M.D. was 



conferred upon him at Harvard in 1848. He then 
located in Dover, in which place he has practiced 
ever since. In 1850 he was chosen President of the 
New Hampshire Medical Society, and gave a noted 
address upon diphtheria, which attracted the atten- 
tion of professional men all over the country. He 
was President of the Dover Medical Association, and 
also of the Strafford District Medical Society many 
years. He was for twenty years connected with the 
public schools of Dover, and was State Commissioner 
of Education in 1858 and 1859. He was a member 
of the City Government four years just after the war, 
and for three years President of the City Council. 
Dr. Pray has sent two sons to Bowdoin College ; one, 
James, graduated in 74, and Thomas M. graduated 
in 78. 

'49. — Hon. Joseph Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, 
has been elected a Vice-President of the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society. 

'87. — E. T. Little has entered the Boston Univer- 
sity Law School. 

'87. — M. H. Boutelle has been admitted into the 
law firm of Boardman, Lancaster & Boutelle, Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

'87. — It is reported that Chas. J. Goodwin is do- 
ing excellent work at Johns Hopkins. He lately 
read a paper before the Philological Society upon an 
Indian manuscript. 

'88. — All Bowdoin students should read the last 
December number of the Youtli's Companion, since 
it contains an excellent story written by Albert W. 
Tolman of '88. Both the style and narrative are 
peculiarly easy, and we are confident that the Port- 
land Press is true to the letter in remarking that Mr. 
Tolman is " a young man of unmistakable talent." 


'60. — The Washington correspondent of the Phil- 
adelphia Times says: "The friends of Mr. Reed 
have held several consultations during the recess 
and have organized for an agressive contest for the 
speakership, now that Congress has reassembled. 
The attempt of the Western candidates to divide his 
strength by inducing other Eastern candidates to 
present themselves has been abandoned. The Massa- 
chusetts delegation sat down so hard on Cabot Lodge 
that he now disclaims having authorized the use of 
his name. The only person whom the Western 
candidates tried to induce to enter the race who had 
any substantial backing was Colonel Tom Bayne." 


'77. — Rockland has a happy way of putting for- 
ward her young men, probably because she has some 

very bright young men to put forward. Mr. William 
T. Cobb, whom she sends into the council for Knox 
county this year is thirty-two years old, and looks 
even younger. He was born in Rockland, and edu- 
cated in the city schools, graduating from the High 
school in 1873. He graduated from Bowdoin in '77, 
and later studied law in Europe and at the Harvard 
Law School. He then read law with Rice & Hall of 
Rockland, and was admitted to the bar. He has never 
practiced law, however. His father, Francis Cobb, 
Esq., of Rockland, is one of the most prominent bus- 
iness men of Maine; and as soon as the son finished 
his education he at once entered into a share of the 
management of the business. He is now a member 
of the firm of Francis Cobb & Co., lime manufactur- 
ers, and President of the Rockland Limerock Rail- 
road Company, also a director of the Camden and 
Rockland Water Company. 

'79.— Hon. A. L. Lumbert, of Houlton, will be the 
only lawyer around the boai'd of the new council, and 
will be looked to for the legal advice. He was born 
in Ripley, in Somerset County. He fitted for college 
at Maine Central Institute at Pittsfield, and graduated 
at Bowdoin in the class of '79. After reading law 
he was admitted to the Somerset bar. Removing to 
Aroostook he at once began the practice of his pro- 
fession. Mr. Lumbert is now the junior member of 
the firm of Wilson & Lumbert, one of the leading 
iirms of the county. Mr. Lumbert entered polities 
first in the election of 1884 and was chosen at once 
to the State Senate, rather an unusual promotion, as 
Senators are quite often graduates from the House. 
Mr. Lumbert was re-elected in 1886, and in the Sen- 
ate of 1887 was a leading debater. He was also a 
member of the judiciary committee. — Press. 


Hall op Theta, a. k. E., ? 
January 8, 1889. I 

Whereas, It has been pleasing to an all-wise and 
merciful Father to remove from our midst brother 
Thomas J. W. Pray, of the class of 1844, a charter 
member of Theta, and a fLUthful friend to the Fra- 
ternity ; 

Resolved, That the members of Theta, while 
bowing in submission to the Divine Will, recognize 
that in the death of their brother the \. K. E. Frater- 
nity has met with a severe loss ; 

Resolved, That this chapter extends to the friends 
and relatives of the deceased its heartfelt sympathy; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 



to the family of our lamented brother, and that they 
be inserted in the Bowdoin Orient. 

D. E. Owen, 
T. S. B0RR, 
W. E. Perkins, 
For the Chapter. 

The VVesleyan University has extended a call to 
Dr. P. B. Raymond, of Lawrence University, to be- 
come her pi'Bsident. He has accepted. 

Harvard establishes a good custom in opening 
the library four hours on Sundays. 

Isaiah V. Williamson, of Philadelphia, has given 
$3,000,000 to establish an industrial college in that 
city. — Ex. 

There's a metre dactylic, a metre spondaic, 
There's a metre (or a laugh or a groan ; 
There's still yet a metre, by no means prosaic, 
'Tis to meet her — by moonlight alone. — Ex. 

Sweet little maid, thou'rt fair to me 
As morning light. Thy winsome lace 
Would charm a cynic. But what grace, 
What sweet simplicity I see 
In thy deep courtesy. 

My stiff and ceremonious bow 

Is put to shame at what thou'st done. 

Ah, I confess, my little one. 

Too well my heart could tell thee how 

I love thy courtesy. — Courani. 

Somebody has been looking over Princeton's list 
of graduates who have become prominent in public 
life, and finds that it includes two signers of the De- 
claration of Independence, twenty-seven delegates 
to the Continental Congress, one President (Madi- 
son), tvyo Vice-Presidents and five nominated as can- 
didates, seventeen cabinet officers, one chief justice, 
five associate justices, seventeen foreign ministers, 
fifty-one senators, and one hundred and fifteen rep- 
I'Bsentatives, besides two speakers of the House. — Ex. 

The students of the Wisconsin University who 
use tobacco, " have oi'ganized a tobacco society for 
the sake of mutual protection." — Ex. 

Princeton has a student seventy-two years of age. 
He is studying for the ministry, and expects to grad- 
uate next year. — Lehigh Burr. 

At Amherst, the examination system has been en- 
tirely abolished, and a series of written recitations 
given at intervals throughout the year has been sub- 
stituted. — The Beacon. 


Traumereien, by Alphonse N. Van Daell. Deutsche 
NovELLETTEN-BiBLiOTHEK, von Dr. Wilhelm Bern- 
hardt. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co.; 1888. 
These are two interesting collections of short 
stories such as cannot fail to contribute toward making 
the study of modern German attractive. They fur- 
nish excellent material for private study. We are 
gliid to note that there is a demand in America for 
such a series of first-rate, annotated texts as Messrs. 
D. C. Heath & Co. are issuing in rapid succession. 

Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
Language. With illustrations. Vol. 9; Club-Reed— 
Cosmogony. New York: J. B. Alden; 1888. 12 mo.. 
Pp. Ho2. Same— Vol. 10. Cosm.— Debry. Pp. (125. 
The issue of the tenth volume of this excellent 
cyclopedia calls attention to the rapid progress which 
the work is making. The publisher promised the 
volumes at intervals of about one nionlh. He is of 
late more than keeping his word. This recent in- 
crease in the rate of publication is not at the expense 
of the subject matter of the cyclopedia. The present 
volumes are as satisfactory as those previously put 
forth. Open at random at any page or look for 
almost any subject, and concise, accurate information 
meets the eye. 


Testa — A Book for Boys. By Paolo Mantegazza. 
D. C. Heath ; 188l». 

Notes on the Early Training of Children. By 
Mrs. Frank Malleson. D. C. Heath ; 1887. 


Teachers of English Literature will be glad to 
learn that Mr. A. J. George, who edited WordsworUi's 
Prelude so acceptably, has in preparation to be pub- 
lished early in 1889, "Selected Poems of Words- 
worth," comprising Lyrics, Sonnets, Odes, and Nar- 
rative Poems, such as are requisite for a tliorough 



understanding of the genius of the great poet. They 
■will be found especially helpful in connection with 
the study of "The Prelude," while of themselves 
representative of the poet's best work. With the 
exception of the Sonnets, which are grouped accord- 
ing to subjects, they will be arranged in chronolog- 
ical order. In the matter of annotation only such 
material will be furnished as the pupil would not be 
likely to find elsewhere. 

The "Fundamental Orders" of Connecticut, 
adopted at Hartford in 1638 by a general convention 
of the planters of the three towns of Hartford, Wind- 
sor, and Wethersfield, form the first written constitu- 
tion, in the modern sense of the term, known in 
history, " and certainly," says Johnston, in his new 
volume on Connecticut, " the first American constitu- 
tion of government to embody the democratic idea." 
"It is on tbe banks of the Connecticut," says John- 
ston, "under the mighty preaching of Thomas 
Hooker and in the constitution to which he gave life 
if not form, that we draw the first breath of that 
atmosphere which is now so familiar to us." The 
Directors of the Old South Studies in History and 
Politics have just added this famous old Connecticut 
constitution to their new general series of Old South 
Leaflets, which are published by D. C. Heath & Co. 
These Old South Leaflets, which are sold for only 
five cents a copy, are the means of bringing a great 
number of important original documents into the 
service of historical students and of the general 
public, which is happily more interested in history, 

and especially in our own American history, than it 
has ever been before. This general series of Old 
South Leaflets now includes the following subjects: 
The Constitution of the United States, the Articles 
of Confederation, the Declaration of Independence, 
Washington's Farewell Address, Magna Charta, 
Vane's "Healing Question," Charter of Massachus- 
etts Bay, 1629, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 
1638, Franklin's Plan of Union, 17.54, Washington's 
Inaugurals, Lincoln's Inaugurals and Emancipation 
Proclamation, The Federalist, Nos. 1 and 2, The 
Ordinance of 1787, The Constitution of Ohio. The 
new Leaflet, like the preceding numbers, is accom- 
panied by useful historical and bibliographical notes. 



Room 5, No, 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this otifice the record of carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charge to school officers for services rendered. 



Now IS THE Time to Register lor accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a weelf passes when \ve do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Forms and Circulars sent free. 

You have peculiar facilities for reaching out over tlie whole 
United States second to no agency in the country, vve shall not 
forget you. 

Monnon Academy. D. M. D. 

Thanks for your promptness. Your information was ample, 
and candidates excellent and more satisfactory than those eug- 
gesteil by the other agencies 1 named. 

Wilcox Female Institutet Camden^ Ala. C. S. D. 

I fully believe that vou conduct the best Teachers' Bureau in 
the nation, and shall no"t fail to seek your aid in the near future. 

B. T. P. 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

The position I have received through your aid is most satis 
factory, and I thank you for securing it for me. 

I desire to thank you for the very able manner in which you 
assisted me in obtaining a teacher. 

Middletown, Conn. E. H. W- 

Marlow, N. B. 

I wish to thank you for the excellent work you have done 
.Springfield, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIRAM ORCUTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 



Vol. XVIII. 

No. 13. 

B O W J3 O r N O R I E N T. 




F. L. Staples, '80, Managing Editor. 

0. P. Watts, '8!', Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

P. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

.... $2.00. 
15 cents. 

Extr.a copies can l>e obtained at the Ijookstoresor on applica- 
tion to the Bnsiness Editor. 

Remittance-i should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
inuuioations in i'ea;ard to all other matters should be directed to 
tlie Manag-ing Kditor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
litev.ary articles, personals, .and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Ejlered at the Post-Offlci: at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 13.- January 30, 1889. 

College Days, 173 

Editorial Notes, 173 

The Peucinian and Athensean Societies 175 

Bowdoin Alumni of Portland, 177 

Grinding, 178 

President Hyde's Sermon at Harvard 179 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 179 

Personal, 181 

College World 182 

Book Reviews, 183 


As when the fleecy cloud, upon a morn. 
Brings, dove like, to our view its silvery breast. 
And borne through azure paths, from out the west. 
Sinks soft and silent in the home of dawn. 
So, in life's path where cares, dire and forlorn. 
Besiege the lives of all, yea, e'en the best; 
Glide on our student days, so richly blest 
With joy, while troublous care is put to scorn. 
Yes, in the morning of our life their birth 
Tliey take, and joyously move on their way; 
And thoughtless of the common cares of earth 
Pass quickly by and end their fleeting stay : — 
Nor sink fore'er, but soon, witli goodlier worth. 
Find sunlit day, though busier in array. 

A man who has spent four jeavs in 
Bowdoin College, if he is at all observing, 
cannot but be amazed at the singular and 
harmful barrenness of certain phases of our 
college life. His own experience will con- 
firm the fact that Bowdoin students have 
got into an extremely lethargic state as re- 
gards some matters. For instance, there is 
nut a single organization in college, 'outside 
of the various Greek letter fraternities, of a 
literary character. There is not a single 
organization in college of a scientific char- 
acter. So far as we know there is not a 
body of men in college who are trying by 
organized effort to supplement the regular 
college work by personal investigation. In 
a place supposed to be devoted to literary 
work this is an astonishing condition of 

Of course the various chapters of the 
Greek letter fraternities fill this need to a 
certain extent, but we have reason to believe 
that they do not do the work as thoroughly 
as they are supposed to. 

In looking over our exchanges we see 
notices of societies formed for literary, sci- 
entific, economic, and philosophical study. 
College weeklies and monthlies are supported 
by the college as a whole, evincing an in- 
terest in them beyond the mere payment of 
subscriptions. Compare this state of things 



with that existing here and you must be 
struck by the immense difference. 

Of course there are men in college who, 
as separate individuals, are pursuing some 
course of study outside of, or supplementary 
to, that marked out by the curriculum. But 
it must be acknowledged that a body of men 
working together towards a common end can 
accomplish more than one ; that they can be 
helpful to each other ; that an interchange 
of thought and methods of working are ben- 
eficial. A man can enter into a discussion 
of points brought out by his work to better 
advantage, in many cases, with his classmates 
than with his instructors, simply because the 
feeling of restraint and inferiority which 
always exists in the latter case is eliminated 
in the former. 

Some one may ask, what is the cause of 
this deadened condition of things? If we 
were to answer the question according to 
our best knowledge and belief we should say 
that it was to be found in the social life of 
the students, in the way in which the spare 
hours are passed. The amount of time that 
is wasted, and often worse than wasted, would 
be astonishing to one who was not acquainted 
with it. Hours are spent in conversation 
that does not rise above the level of pure 
gossip. To this source alone may be traced 
much of the inactivity which exists in col- 

Now we do not inveigh against sociabil- 
ity. We would not for a moment declare 
that all the social evenings which we spend 
in pleasant converse with our friends are 
harmful. We would not take away the 
social element from our college life. But it 
should be subordinated to the end for which 
we are here. It should not be the end 

We do not admit that the students of 
this college are unusually lazy. We do not 
believe it. But they have got into a habit of 
letting things go, of drifting with the stream, 

of relying too much on the name of Bowdoin 
to do what only personal work can accom- 

We look with pride on the long list of 
Bowdoin's eminent alumni. We read with 
admiration the proud record of her past. 
But we must not forget that we live in the 
-present, and that if Bowdoin's future is to 
be as honored and brilliant as her past some 
tithe of the responsibility rests on us indi- 
vidually. If we would have the Bowdoin 
of the future reap the full measure of success 
we must change and reform in certain direc- 
tions the Bowdoin of to-day. The time has 
passed, if indeed it ever existed, when a col- 
lege can make progress or even hold its own 
without effort; and when its Faculty has 
done all that it can there is a vast amount 
that its students can do. 

If we have spoken strongly and at con- 
siderable length, it is because, in our opinion, 
the subject demands it. It is in the hope, 
but hardly the expectation, that we may 
rouse Bowdoin men to a clearer realization 
of the obligations resting upon them, and 
that they will not allow their love for the 
college to degenerate into a blind idolatry 
that sees no defects and therefore no oppor- 
tunities for improvement. 

Why can't we have some more chairs in 
the reading-room? At present the seating 
capacity of the room is miserably insufficient. 
That aged and infirm settee ought to be 
placed on the retired list and enough chairs 
put in to accommodate those who patronize 
the reading-room. An extra light would 
not be amiss, and if the stove could be pol- 
ished once in awhile it might help out the 
light of the room. 

The first number of the Oollegian has 
been received. It is published by the Inter- 
collegiate Press Association, edited by Sam- 
uel Abbott. It is a monthly magazine of 



one hundred pages, devoted to college inter- 
ests, and will be found interesting and ably 
conducted in all its departments. 

It has been placed on file in the library 
with the other magazines, and we can rec- 
ommend it to those who are in search of 
good reading. 



The record of the Athensean at Bowdoin 
is, in many respects, quite as remarkable as 
that of the Peucinian, considering the fact 
that the Peucinian enjoyed a continuous ex- 
istence from the foundation to the time of its 
death, while the Athentean suffered from 
two dissolutions, internal dissensions, and 
two fires which nearly destroyed its library, 
at both times, besides having a powerful 
lival to contend with in the Peucinian. 

The Athenaean society dates back to 
June, 1808, and was founded, if the Peucin- 
ian report is to be believed, by a dissatisfied 
member of that society and one or two asso- 
ciates who united their forces, with men from 
the three upper classes, and formed a society 
in direct opposition to the Peucinian. This 
was the Athensean. 

The founders were energetic, to say the 
least, and knew how to make the most of an 
opportunity, for they immediately gained a 
point on the Peucinian by admitting Fresh- 
men. By this move they secured all but one 
man in the first Freshman class to which they 
offered elections, so that the society soon 
had a larger membership than the Peucinian. 
But the latter was older and more powerful, 
and after the excitement of organization 
there was a relapse, a decline in interest, and 
the Athensean died a natural death in 1811; 
the library which had been collected being 
distributed among the members. 

For the next two years the Peuciniaa 
was alone in its glory, but, in 1813, a small 
number of students reorganized the society, 
the old seal and records were obtained, and 
the Athensean was again in existence. The, 
collection of another library was immediately 
commenced, and the society soon appeared 
to be in a better condition than ever. But 
the Peucinian was too strong a rival, and, 
from a complication of troubles, the Athe- 
nsean was again broken up in 1816 ; the 
library, which at that time contained some 
two hundred volumes, being distributed as 

For another year the Peucinian was alone 
in the field. But in December, 1817, the 
Athensean was again resuscitated, and started 
on its long and useful career. 

The records of August 29, 1818, first 
mention the organization of a General So- 
ciety, which was to have control of the 
society property. Its first meeting was held 
September 2d of that year, when officers 
were elected ; Levi Stowell, '15, being the 
first President, and it was voted that the 
library should not be distributed without 
the consent of three-fourths of the honorary 

About this time, through a desire to in- 
crease its membership, which was probably 
less than the Peucinian, the society adopted 
the novel custom, after requiring a promise 
of secrecy, of reading parts of the constitu- 
tion to those whom they invited to join. 
This scheme, not being very successful, was 
not continued long. 

In 1820 the society was in a very flour- 
ishing condition. The constitution was re- 
vised, and the custom of electing honorary 
members established. The library at this 
time is said to have contained five hundred 

On March 4, 1822, the library was much 
damaged by the burning of Maine Hall. 
This was undoubtedly a great misfortune to 



the society. We infer as much, from the 
simple but touching entry in the records of 
that time, by the Secretary of the College 
Society, "Bowdoin College was consumed 
by fire." 

In 1828 the society obtained from the 
Legislature an act of incorporation, and at 
the annual meeting, on September 28th, the 
constitution was revised and a diploma and 
seal adopted. The diploma was nothing but 
a certificate of membership with the seal of 
the society upon it. On the seal was the 
head of Athene with the words Athengean 
Society, B. C, Cul. Su. Sci. Cor., the last 
being the abbreviation of its motto, CuUores 
Suos Scientia Coronal. 

The rivalry between the Peucinian and 
Athengean had by this time increased to such 
an extent, that, in 1831, the college author- 
ities began to fear that it would seiiously 
affect the harmony of the student body ; 
and a committee was appointed from the 
Trustees and Overseers to investigate the 
state of affairs, and report to those Boards. 
The committee reported in substance that 
they had visited the college, interviewed the 
four classes in a body, and committees from 
both societies ; that they had tried to per- 
suade them to lay aside their party feeling, 
and to unite their societies or libraries, or to 
allow their oi'gaiiizations to become extinct; 
and they reported in addition that these sug- 
gestions had been rejected by the students 
and societies. The matter was soon dropped, 
and the societies continued to flourish in 
their own way. 

On February 17, 1836, the library of the 
Athenaean was almost entirely destroyed by 
the second burning of Maine Hall, and out 
of three thousand two hundred and twenty- 
one volumes, only two hundred and twenty 
were saved. 

Immediately after the fire, which also 
destroyed the constitution and records as 
well as the library, the society began to take 

active measures for reorganizing, and obtain- 
ing a new library. Both the alumni and 
active members responded generously, and 
the Peucinian extended the use of its library, 
as was mentioned. A catalogue of the 
library, in 1838, showed over two thousand 
volumes on its shelves. 

In 1840 the anniversary exercises were 
changed from November to February, and 
later they were held in the spring. The 
year after the society started a reading-room, 
but it was only continued about a year. In 
1846 a cameo cut with the head of Athene 
was adopted as a badge pin. 

The good feeling between the two socie- 
ties was so far restored, that, in 1850, they 
agreed to unite in the celebration of their 
anniversaries. Each society having the Ora- 
tor or Poet on alternate years. In 1852 the 
constitution was thoroughly revised, the date 
of the foundation of the society was changed 
from 1817, to that of the first organization, 
1808, and the affirmation of secrecy was 

In 1858 internal dissension arose in the 
society over some amendment to the consti- 
tution, which, for a time, threatened the 
society with dissolution. The society was 
divided into two factions, each being sup- 
ported by prominent members of the Gen. 
eral Society, and for a year both parties held 
their meetings separately ; however they 
soon united and peace was restored. 

The society published a series of triennial 
catalogues from 1844 to 1858. In the front 
of the catalogue of 1844, there is a wood cut 
representing a shield, on which is a front 
view of the Parthenon, with the letters, C. S. 
S. C, above, and the date, 1817, below. In the 
catalogues of 1856 and 1858 there is a brief his- 
tory of the society, to which the writer is in- 
debted for much of his information. Among 
the illustrious Athenseans can be mentioned 
William Pitt Fessenden, Franklin Pierce, 
Jonathan P. Cilley, Nathaniel Hawthorne, 



ex-Governor Garcelon, Professor Goodwin, 
ex-Governor Robie, and Bishop Spaulding. 

The writer has been able to obtain but 
little information in regard to the last years 
of the Athensean. In fact little can be said 
of them except that they were, like those of 
the Peucinian, a steady decline. Perhaps a 
few items from the local columns of the Ori- 
ent will show its condition during that crit- 
ical period, as well as anything. 

The Orient of November 11, 1874, con- 
tains the following: "The Athensean Society 
had their initiation last week with the usual 
ceremony. The delegation, consisting of 
one man, was not large, but is said to con- 
tain good stock, and it is thought that great 
unanimity will prevail throughout it." From 
the Orient of November 3, 1875 : " Alum- 
nus — ' Has the Athentean Society taken in 
any Freshmen yet?' Student — 'No, the 
Freshmen are too bright to be taken in by 
any such means.' " The Orient of May 10, 
1876, says: "The Athensean Society has re- 
newed the insurance upon its library until 
July next. It is only a fire insurance policy, 
however." This last probably refers to the 
stealing of books from the library, from 
which the Athensean, as well as the Peucin- 
ian, suffered. In the Bugle of 1879 the lone 
initiate of the Athentean, referred to above, 
who by that time was a Senior, being the 
only member of the societj^, was mentioned 
under the Athensean, in the capacity of 
every officer of the society. At the next 
Commencement the library was given to the 
college, and the Athensean ceased to be. 



At the Falmouth, on the evening of Jan- 
uary 24th, there was a pleasant gatliering 
of the Bowdoin alumni. A lai'ge number of 
old college boys were present, and laughed 

and chatted over the pranks of their boy- 
hood days. The following officers were 
elected: President, Charles B. Merrill; Vice- 
Presidents, Nathan Cleaves, George F. 
Emery, A. F. Moulton, J. W. Symonds; 
Secretary, Philip G. Brown; Treasurer, F. 
S. Waterhouse ; Poet, A. W. Tolman ; Ora- 
tor, A. F. Moulton; Toast-Master, O. M. 

After the business meeting the guests 
marched to the private banquet hall,' where 
they found everything in readiness, and 
where a fine menu was prepared. 

Hon. George F. Emery, who presided in 
the absence of Col. Charles B. Merrill, pres- 
ident of the association, opened the after 
dinner remarks with a fine speech. He was 
followed by Judge Waterman, who delivered 
a fine oration on " College Friendships." 
Mr. F. O. Conant then read a humorous 

Mr. E. G. Spring officiated as toast-master, 
and the toasts were responded to in the order 
given below : 

Bowdoin College— Response by President 'Wm. DeWitt 

The Faculty — Response by Prof. F. C. Robinson. 

The United States — Response by Hon. Wm. L. Putnam. 

The State of Maine — Response by A. L. Lumbert. 

The Ci(?/— Hesponse by V. C. Wilson. 

The C'teriy!/— Response by Rev. Dr. E. C. Cnmmings. 

The Medical Profession— Response by Dr. C. A. Baker. 

The Legal Pro/ession— Response by Frank S. Water- 

Mr. George A. Thomas then sang " Here's 
a Health to Thee, Tom Bree," in a pleasing 

Votes of thanks were passed to the speak- 
ers of the evening, to the executive commit- 
tee, and to the dinner committee, and at 
about midnight the pleasant gathering broke 

Among those present were the follow- 
ing : President Wm. DeWitt Hyde, of Bow- 
doin, Prof. F. C. Robinson, Hon. Wm. L. 
Putnam, S. Clifford Belcher, Philip Henry 
Brown, Joseph A. Locke, George F. Holmes, 



Rev. E. C. Cuitimings, Thomas Tash, Clar- 
ence Hale, Dr.C. A. Ring, Dr. Geo. H. Cara- 
mings, F. H. Little, Dr. C. O. Hunt, A. F. 
Moulton, D. W. Snow, A. W. Merrill, E. C. 
Evans, A. L. Lumbert, Dr. C. A. Baker, 
George T. McQuillan, Seth L. Larrabee, R. 

D. Woodman, Charles W. Pickard, Bion Wil- 
son, George A. Thomas, Dr. C. A. Webster, 

F. S. Waterhouse, Ira S. Locke, E. G. Spring, 
Fred 0. Conant, V. C. Wilson, E. S. Osgood, 
George S. Payson, H. P. Kendall, J. A. Wa- 
terman, A. W. Tolman, Dr. C. E. Webster, 
J. A. Waterman, Jr;, Dr. H. H. Hunt, Philip 

G. Brown, George F. Emery, A. W. Perkins, 

E. A. Thomas. 


Every one has probably observed upon 
the bottom of some rapid stream a bed of 
pebbles all rounded and polished, and bear- 
ing in size and form a close resemblance 
to each other. Those pebbles have been 
"ground"; not upon the wheel of the lapi- 
dary, but by contact with one another. If, 
by chance, the passer-by tosses in a handful 
of others with ugly projections, they are 
forthwith "ground" in their turn. If some 
one of them happens to possess a spot of par- 
ticularly hard, flinty material it is subjected 
to a good deal of bounding and rolling, and 
is perhaps never wholly polished; and if on 
the other hand, some others are of particu- 
larly soft, brittle, or unstable consistency, 
they immediately find that it would be much 
better for them not to clash with their re- 
lentless fellows. In some instances this 
process is unsatisfactory and detrimental, for 
general rules are always apt to bear hard 
upon specific cases; but the result is gener- 
ally a very uniform, attractive, and har- 
monious layer. There is, however, one im- 
portant thing to be noticed about this 
"grinding" process, namely, that while ex- 
ternally the pebbles became similar, their 

material is not changed ; in other words, it 
does not destroy their individuality. 

The above illustration is, in its general 
details, a representation of college life; char- 
acters of every conceivable variety are 
thrown into intimate relations with one 
another and any inconsistencies or disagree- 
able characteristics that one may possess are 
sure to be either eradicated or, at least, ren- 
dered less objectionable. 

The ease with which the college gradu- 
ate adapts himself to social relations, and 
gets around in the world is largely due to 
the personal contact of his college course. 
If he is a physician he knows how to take 
people ; if he is a clergyman he can judge 
human nature and conform to the various 
idiosyncrasies of his parishioners ; if he is a 
business man he learns to submit to the 
tedious questions of patrons and the incon- 
veniences of his station. The college grad- 
uate is a symmetrica] character. He may 
have been conceited but the boys " got on to 
him "; he may have been surly, but he found 
that he inspired no fear ; he may have been a 
bigot, but he discovered that among educated 
and alert men bigots were below par. His 
college fellows were quick to observe his 
peculiarities, and by no means modest in 
mentioning them. After he has completed 
his college course and has rolled his sheep- 
skin under his arm, he looks back upon this 
embarrassment and upon that indignity, upon 
this struggle and upon that joke, sees how 
his views have been modified and broadened, 
says they were the happiest and most profit- 
able days of his life, and thanks the good 
fortune that ever sent him there. For our 
own good, then, let us "grind" and be 

President Capen of Tufts recommends tliat tuition 
be made free. He adds that to make .such a policy 
safe, however, would require $100,000, or at least 
$50,000 of additional scholarship funds. 




We cliiD the following from the Crimson 
of January 21st : 

Last evening a very large number of people 
attended the service at Appleton Chapel. Presi- 
dent Hyde of Bowdoin College was the preacher. 
He based his discourse upon the text, "Except a man 
be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God" 
(St. John iii : 3). ]\Ian cannot experience more than 
he is. We cannot feel the blessings of God and the 
joy of His presence in our lives unless we, iu what- 
ever walks of life we be, lay aside selfish aims and 
devote ourselves to His glorification by making every 
work a deed of love to Him. A man of good moi-ality 
alone, and a man who follovvs the course of some 
ethical institution, which perhaps jars against his 
nature, and stirs no religious feeling in his heart — 
these men are far from regeneration ; man must have 
the religious feeling of the Almighty Omnipotence, 
and if he truly gives himself up to the Almighty, he 
will ultimately, though not without eftbrt, see the 
kingdom of God. 

Editorially the Crimson says : 
We wish that every student in the university 
might have heard President Hyde's sermon in Ap- 
pleton Chapel last evening, not so much for the point 
of view taken by the speaker, as for the nobility and 
earnestness of his thought. It was a grand sermon, 
benefiting all who listened to it. 

They were seated in the moonlight, 

By the sea upou the sand; 
Under variable pressure 

He was holding her soft hand. 

As in her bright eyes reflected 

Sees he Cupid's fatal signs, 

On the sand in contemplation 

He draws isothermal lines. 

On his lips the question trembles: 

" Can you tell me, little dove, 
What's the value of this couple? " 
And she answers promptly, "Love." 

Oiiicers of the Athletic Association for the ensuing 
year were elected January 17th. President, W. R. 
Smith; first Vice-President, F. E. Parker; second 
Vice-President, E. B. Young; Secretary-Treasurer, 
T. R. Croswell ; Master of Ceremonies, Field Day, 
O. W. Turner; Directors, H. H. Hastings, F. E. 
Dennett, W. M. Hilton, F. M. Tukey, Geo. Downes. 

Dr. Gerrish of the medical Faculty is passing the 
vyinter in California, recuperating his health. His 
chair will be filled by Lyman Bartlett How, M.D., 
Professor of Anatomy in the Dartmouth Medical Col- 
lege. The opening lecture of the course, which was 
to have been by Dr. Gerrish, will be delivered by Dr. 

Thirty-five members of '89 are now in college, 
and all except Watts elect English Literature. 
Twenty-one have chosen Bible study, and twelve 
take Chemistry. Elden, Files, and Stacey are read- 
ing Heine, and Merrill is working on Practical 

An upright piano has been placed in the gymna- 
sium. Certain ones find it hard work to keep time to 
the music. 

It was three Fi-enchmen and not Freshmen, who 
went on that racket three weeks ago, the Bath Sen- 
tinel rises to explain. 

Harriman, '89, has left college owing to a trouble 
with his eyes. 

An organization of Knight Templars was formed 
last week at Bowdoin. 

Mr. Raz IManson, ex-'89, has gone into a new 
departure at Oakland. His " ad " apjsears elsewhere 
in this issue. He has unusual facilities for prose- 
cuting the work, and we bespeak for him the gen- 
erous patronage of his Bowdoin friends. 

To-morrow the Rev. Geo. M. Howe of Lewiston 
will address the students in Memorial Hall, it being 
the Day of Prayer for Colleges. 

Sporting event. Wednesday, January 15th, George 
Xenophanes Seco attempted to walk twenty miles in 
five hours on a wager of one dollar. Mr. Whittier 
sent him from the running track after he had covered 
six miles in one hour and fifteen minutes. "Whisker" 
was rewarded by a treat at Bilfield's. It is reported 
that "Whisker" said if he got "near-sighted" he 
should walk half the course during the first hour. 

An Associated Press dispatch from Brunswick relates 
that a Bowdoin Freshman says there is more or less hazing 
practiced at the college. The favorite sport, he states, is 



ducking. The young man himself has not been troubled 
as yet, but, having taken legal advice, says he carries a 
revolver in his hip pocket, and should any of the boys 
attempt to duck him they will get a substantial taste of 
lead. — Bath Times. 

It is surprising that some of the State papers, 
perhaps Lo "feed fat an ancient grudge" they bear, 
continue to publish such poppj-cock nbout the college. 
Hazing at Bowdoin died out with old Phi Chi years 
ago, and the student jury has a most salutary effect 
on the boys' behavior. It would be interesting to 
know what lawyer has given any Freshman advice to 
carry concealed weapons. This is an offense ex- 
pressly forbidden by the Revised Statutes of Maine, 
1883, Chap. 130, Sec. 10. 

A Freshman stepped up to Mr. Whittier at the 
closa.of the gymnastic exercises the other day, and 
innocently asked, " Do you wish us to go and take a 
bath now, sir ? " 

The Seniors taking Bible study are each required 
to prei^are an essay on some topic connected with the 
historical setting of the Life of Christ. These are 
read before the class. At the end of the term each 
man is to hand in a somewhat elaborate thesis cover- 
ing his investigations in Gospel study. 

Ever since the gymnasium has been built the 
Orient has clamored for better protection to users 
of the running track. As it is now, the one rail is 
insufficient to prevent a man, in case of a stumble, 
from rolling off twenty feet to the floor below. No 
other gymnasium that we have seen has a track 
which so exposes one to danger. When a neck or 
some limbs are broken there will probably be a 
great rush to nail on a few extra rails. There is an 
old story of a man who very sensibly locked the 
stable door every night — after his horse had been 

Thomas Joseph Ward of Lewiston is taking a 
special course here. He is to go on the Glee Club. 

The Seniors are being taught fencing by Mr. 

The regular sale of the reading-room papers 
occurred Saturday, January 19th. One fellow caused 
some amusement by buying half a dozen country 
weeklies " for his chum." The lowest bid was 
4 cents, for the Union Signal, and the highest 40 for 
the Scienlific American. The total proceeds were 

Two Juniors were into Brackett's buying a pair of 
suspenders. Some friends stopped lo look in through 
the window and guy them. Others joined the guyers, 
and a throng of townspeople and students finally 

collected on (he sidewalk. The excitement was 
intense. Suddenly the crowd found itself sold, and 
with a " whoop !" separated while two tired '90 men 
emerged from the store. 

The gymnasium director was expostulating with 
a man who had not complied with the rule in regard 
to flannel shirt, belt, and slippers. " You'd better 
change your clothes I think, sir." " O, I do. Twice 
a year." 

Jarvis, '91, and Nickerson, M. S., took part in a 
Howells farce given in aid of the Town Library, 
January 21st. 

Gahan, '87, is in town on a vacation. 

The Balh Sentinel has a lengthy description of 
Prof. Robinson's new residence, which it terms "A 
House of Eight Gables." 

The Freshman gymnasium ofiicers : Captain, 
F. G. Swett; lirst Squad Leader, R. W. Mann; 
second, E. H. Wilson. 

First-class theatrical attractions are being given 
in Lewiston, Portland, and Bath just at present. Of 
the students who went to Lewiston to see Johnson 
and Slavin's minstrels the Oazette said "they were 
chiefly remarkable for their cape overcoats." Wonder 
if that reporter just came out of the woods? 

Coding, '91, is canvassing in South Carolina. 

A preliminary programme of the celebration of 
Brunswick's centennial, to occur Thursday, June 
13th, has been published. Rev. Prof. Charles Car- 
roll Everett, D.D., '60, will deliver the oration, and 
Prof. Chapman the poem. A procession will em- 
brace, in its second division, the Faculty and students 
of Bowdoin College. It is suggested on the campus 
that the boys make special exertions to have this an 
interesting feature. 

The following inquiries have been handed us : 

Ever heard of counting twos from the left of a military 

Of '89 dropped his hat when bowing to a lady acquaints 
ance a week ago Monday evening? 

Of '92 wore his hat for a whole hour in the library one 

Of '90 searched for Scott's novels under American Lit- 
erature ? 

Phi Delta Theta is trying to establish a chapter 

The Boston Herald not long since contained an 
interview with H. A. Johnson of Boston, an expert 
steeple climber who had been painting the Old South 
spire. Mr. Johnson has a secret arrangement for 
attaching ropes to the top of a tower, and can ascend 



even the highest without the aid of a scaffolding. He 
does all his climbing aftei- dark. He stated he had 
had jobs in Rhode Island, New York Citj', and Maine. 
Some one calls this signiticant in view of certain 
events occuiTing here a year ago last fall. 

Elden, '89, recently gave an enjoyable whist party 
at his home iu Waterville to some Bowdoin and 
Colby friends. 

Thompson, '91, took part in a drama at Freeport 
last Thursday night. 

Prof. Pease has issued an announcement of " The 
Students' Series of Latin Classics" which has been 
under his editorial supervision for the past year. 
The books are to be published by Leach, Shewell, 
and Sanborn, Boston and New York. Prof. Pease 
was in Boston during the vacation making arrange- 
ments concerning publication. The names of the 
series follow. Other volumes are likely to be issued. 
Mr. Hiram Tuell is a graduate of Bowdoin, '69. 

Catullus, Selections. By Thomas B. Lindsay, Ph.D., 
Professor in Boston University. 

Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, Books I. and II. By 
Harry T. Peck, Ph.D., L.H.D., Professor in Columbia 

Cicero, De Orators, Book I. By W. B. Owen, Ph.D., 
Professor in Lafayette College. 

Cicero, Select Letters. By Professor Pease. 

Horace, Odes and Epodes. By Paul Shorey, Ph.D., 
Professor iu Bryn Mawr College. 

Horace, Satires and Epistles. By James H. Kirkland, 
Ph.D., Professor in Vanderbilt University. 

Livy, Books XXI. and XXII. By John K. Lord, 
A.M., Professor iu Dartmouth College. 

Petronius, Cena Trimalcliionis. By W. E. Waters, 
Ph.D., Classical Instructor, Cincinnati. 

Plautus, Menaechmi. By Harold N. Fowler, Ph.D., 
Professor in Phillips Exeter Academy. 

Sallust, Catiline. By Charles G. Herbermann, Ph.D., 
LL.D., Professor iu the College of the City of New York. 

Seneca, Select Letters. By E. C. Winslow, A.M., Pro- 
fessor in Wabash College. 

Tacitus, Germania and Agricola. By A. G. Hopkins, 
Ph.D., Professor in Hamilton College. 

Tacitus, Histories. By Edward H. Spieker, Ph.D., 
Professor in the Johns Hopkins University. 

Tibullus and Propertius, Selections. By Henry F. 
Burton, A.M., Professor in the University of Rochester. 

A First Book in Latin. By Hiram Tuell, A.M., Prin- 
cipal of the Milton High School, Mass. 

Exercises in Latin Composition, for Schools. By M. 
Grant Daniell, A.M., principal of Chauncy-Hall School, 

Through inadvertence the programme of the 
Sophomore Prize Declamati(m of December 20th was 
omitted from our last. Given furnished the music. 
Jordan, Burleigh, and Parker were the committee. 
The judges, Professors Robinson and Little and Mr. 

Barrett Potter, '78, awarded the first prize to Hilton, 
the second to Bangs. Following is the order of 
exercises : 


Character of Bacon. — Macaulay. 

Charles S. Wright, Portland. 
The Unknown Speaker.— Anon. 

Harry DeF. Smith, Gardiner. 
The Black Horse and his Rider. — Sheppard. 

Lewis A. Burleigh, Augusta. 


Washington.— Daniel. Gould A. Porter, Strong. 

The Soldier of the Empire. — Payne. 

Albert K. Newman, East Wilton. 
An Hour witli Victory.— Ostrander. 

Dennis M. Bangs, Waterville. 


The Martyred President. — Beecher. 

Emerson Hilton, Damariscotta. 
The Volunteer Soldier. — Ingersoll. 

Warren L. Foss, North Leeds. 
Toussaint L'Ouverture.— Phillips. 

Ivory C. Jordan, Auburn. 

Forefathers' Day. — Long. Jon. P. Cilley, Jr., Rockland. 
Vox Populi, Vox Dei.— Lovejoy. 

Fred E. Parker, Deering. 
The Chariot Race.— Lew Wallace. 

Henry W. Jar vis, Auburn. 


Awarding of Prizes. 

'50.— Hon. Wm. P. Frye 
has again been elected Sen- 
ator from Maine. In the House the 
vote stood 121 for Frye (rep.) to 25 
for Harris M. Plaisted (dem). In the Senate 
the vote was unanitiious. Bowdoin Colleo'e, 
as well as the entire State of Maine, is proud of this 
distinguished son. And well may that be said, since 
in point of statesmanship and diplomatic skill, Hon. 
Wm. P. Frye finds his equal in few men. 

'66. — Much regret is felt at the illness of Dr. 
Henry Gerrish of Portland, and his temporary loss 
will be severely felt by the students and faculty of the 
Medical School. Dr. Gerrish will spend a few months 
in Southern California and, during his absence, his 



position will be filled by Prof. Howe of the Dart- 
mouth Medical School. 

'76. — Rev. Geo. T. Pratt, formerly pastor of the 
Episcopal church in Clinton, Mass., has withdrawn 
from the preaching of that creed and been ordained 
as a Unitarian minister. 

'76. — The following changes in the occupation 
and address of the members of this class have been 
liindly forwarded by the class secretary : 
"Wm. Alden, Physician, Tower, St. Louis Co., Minn. 

D. W. Brookhouse, Shoe Manufacturer, 

Fitzroy, Australia. 
C. H. Clark, Principal High School, Andover, Mass. 

R. Hemenway, Jr., Business, Davenport, Iowa. 

C. D. Jameson, Professor State University, 

Iowa City, Iowa. 

F. R. Kimball, Salem, Mass. 
J. G. Libby; Auburndale, Mass. 
M. McNulty, Business, Kansas City, Mo. 

G. B. Merrill, Mechanical Engineer, Hezelton, Ohio. 
J. Millay, Arizona. 
Geo. Parsons, Jr., Business, Cairo, 111., P. O. Box 10.5. 
J. H. Payne, Physician, 

Hotel Bristol, cor. Berkeley and Boylstou Sts., 
Boston, Mass. 
C. Sai'gent, Business, 

M. J. Palmer, Congress Street, Portland, Me. 
W. Souther, Agent, Lusk, Wyoming Territory. 

F. M. Stimson, Business, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

C. G. Wheeler, Priucipal High School, 

Winchendon, Mass. 
C. W. Whitcomb, Fire Marshal, Boston, Mass. 

J. H. White, Teaching, Brooklyn, Conn. 

E. Yates, Daily Globe, Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

'79. — H. B. Fifield and wife were in Brunswick 
during the holidays. 

'81. — On December 28, 1888, occurred the mar- 
riage of John Dike, M.D., to Miss Mae White. The 
ceremony was performed at the home of the bride in 
Gardiner, Me. 

'87. — C. J. Goodwin is the happy recipient of the 
University Scholarship in Sanskrit at Johns Hopkins 
University, Baltimore. 

'88. — H. L. Shaw will canvass during the winter 
in North Carolina. 


Although the diflferent members of the State Leg- 
islature, who are Bowdoin alumni, have been men- 
tioned at times, it may not be amiss to name them 
collectively : 

Senate.— Ch-AS. F. Libby, '64; Herbert M. Heath, 

House of Uepresenlalives. — Walter L. Dane, '80 : 
Francis O. Purrington, '80; Levi Turner, Jr., '86. 

aovernor's Cowracii.— William T. Cobb, '77; A. 
L. Lumbert, '79; and Daniel A. Robinson, '73, is 
Surgeon-General of Governor Burleigh's staff. 


Bowdoin College might have resigned her charter 
and gone out of business after graduating that phe- 
nomenal class of '25 and still have been sure of im- 
mortality, and have left the world her lasting debtor. 
On the roll of that class were such names as Henry 
W. and Stephen Longfellow, Nathaniel Hawthorne, 
John S. C. Abbott, Franklin Pierce, Jonathan Cilley, 
and others whose names are familiar in literature, 
statesmanship, and theology. That she has also sent 
out giants since 1825 was evident at the Bowdoin 
reunion at the Hoffman House, Wednesday night. 
It is gratifying that the future of the college is as 
promising as its past has been brilliant. — New York 
Mail and Express. 

Harvard has obtained permission from the Com- 
mittee to play with professional teams. 

The United States is to build an observatory in 
the District of Columbia, and has ordered a lens 
sixty inches in diameter, the largest in the world. 

The Harvard crew will practice twice a week in 
the harbor at the Shawmut boat house. South Boston, 
this winter. 

Long, long ago, In ages past, 

So runs the story old. 
King Midas' touch, with magic art, 
Turued anything to gold. 

But of our day, in present time, 

A miracle I sing. 
Now, men, when they are touched with gold, 

Will turn to anything. 

— Yale Record. 

The East Boston High School girls have obtained 
wooden guns, and will hereafter participate in mil- 
itary drills in connection with their calisthenic exer- 
cises. — The Couraiit. 

James Russell Lowell, of Harvard, has been 
elected President of the Modern Language Associa- 
tion of America." — Pennsylvanian. 

Of the 1,400 students in Michigan University, 
President Angell states that the parents of 602 were 



farmers, 271 merchants, 93 lawyers, 83 physicians, 
52 manufacturers or mechanics, 61 clergymen; that 
45 per cent, belong to the class who gain their living 
by manual labor. 

If Pi-esident Hyde of Bowdoin, Warfield of Mi- 
ami, and Candler of Emory College will send us a 
certified copy of the record in their respective family 
Bibles, says the New York Mail and Express, we 
will judicially determine and officially announce to 
which of the three gentlemen belongs the distinction 
of being the youngest college president in the country. 
The frequency of the opposing claims set forth by 
college journals, grows wearying to the reader. 

The trustees of Trinity College will soon hold a 
meeting, at which steps will be taken toward the 
erection of a new dormitory and a new liljrary build- 
ing. — Williams Weekly. 

Out of the four United States Senators elected on 
Tuesday, January 15th, two were graduates of Yale, 
one of Harvard, and the other of Bowdoin. 

It is estimated that Cornell University loaves in 
the city of Ithaca $3,000 per day, or $1,065,000 in 
the course of the year. — Ex. 

Wlio is it takes away the joys 
Of college life from all tlie boys, 
And all their fun and sport destroys ? 
Tlie Co-eds. 

Who is it stands in class so tall, 
A foot and a half above them all, 
And makes them feel so awful small ? 
The Co-eds. 

Who bears such scorn, contempt, and woe. 
As did the martyrs long ago ? 
O, " heaven is their home," we know, 
The Co-eds. 

— Vnh-eraily Cynic. 

College journalism originated at Dartmouth in 
1800, with Daniel Webster as one of the editors. In 
1809 the Literary Cabinet was established at Yale, 
followed shortly after by the Florida at Union and 
the Harvard Lyceum at Harvard. — The Chronicle. 

After laying their Psychology papers at the ap- 
pointed place, at the appointed moment, the Waban 
girls cremated their original manuscripts with the 
following dirge : " Chant slowly ! " 

Dewey, now we lay thee low, 
For thou oft hast made us so ; 
Oft hast filled our hearts with woe — 
Psychi-oli-ogi-o ! 

Chorus : — Groans. 
First stanza repeated ad infinitum. —The Courant. 

Brown University has raised $80,000 for a new 

William and Mary College, Virginia, having 
been closed for six years, was re-opened the tirst 
week in October as a State Normal School. — Ex. 

The Amherst Student has entered upon its twenty- 
second year. 

Ground has been broken for the new .$100,000 
building at Wells College. — Ex. 

The University of Pennsylvania will celebrate its 
centennial in 1891. — Ex. 


The Odyssey of Homer. Done into English prose by 
S. H. Butcher, M.A., and A. Lang, M.A. Boston: D. 
Lothrop & Co., 1882. 12mo., pp. 462. 

New translations of literary masterpieces are not 
useless but necessary. There is now general assent 
to the proposition that, to be understood they must 
be translated afresh in every generation. This prin- 
ciple has been followed in the treatment of Homer 
in modern limes ; for after Chapman made his version 
in 1615, a new translation of the Odyssey was issued 
every thirty years down to 1860, and since that dale 
the rale of issue has marvolously increased — a result 
bi'ought about, in part at least, by Matthew Arnold's 
masterly discussion of the subject. The reason why 
no translation can be final is well stated in the pref- 
ace of the present edition, where it is said, with 
special reference to Chapman and Pope: "These 
great translations must always live as English 
poems. As transcripts of Homer they are like pict- 
ures drawn from a lost point of view." The fact is, 
the point of view is always changing, and until the 
race comes to a standstill the demand for fresh ren- 
derings of great literary works will not cease. 

Most translations of Homer are in meter, the one 
to which attention is now called is in prose. There 
is partial justification for this in Arnold's dictum : 
" In a verse translation no original work is any longer 
recognizable. But on the other hand it is equally 
true that Homer's thought is essentially poetic and 
requires rhythmic expression. The present translat- 
oi's clearly recognize their self-imposed limitations. 
They have tried, they say, 'to transfer, not all 
the truth about the poem, but the historical truth, 
into English.' In this process Homer must lose 
at least half his charm, his bright and equable 
speed, the musical current of that narrative, which, 
like the river of Egypt, flows from an indiscoverable 
source, and mirrors the temples and the palaces of 
unforgotteu gods and kings. Without this music of 



verse, only a half truth about Homer can be told, 
but then it is that half of the truth, which, at this 
moment, it seems most necessary to tell." This is 
not an attempt, then, to reproduce the poeti-y, but 
simply the historic truth, of Homer, and it must be 
judged accordingly. 

In one respect the rendering has been needlessly 
hampered. It has been given an antique coloring by 
the choice of archaic words on the plea that "Homer 
has no ideas which cannot be expressed by words 
that are 'old and plain,'" and that "the Biblical 
English is as nearly analogous to the Epic Greek, as 
anything that our tongue has to offer." We cannot 
but regard this as an unfortunate error of judgment, 
for it hinders in a measure the realization of the 
translator's purpose, which is to make Homer speak 
to us with the force and freshness which he had for 
his first hearei's. This cannot be done without using 
the words which have most force and life to-day. 

In one other parlicular the rendering might have 
been bettered. If "the translator, who uses verse 
rmist add to Homer," as all the metrical renderings 
yet made have done, so that Bentley's remark that 
Pope's version is a very pretty poem but not Homer, 
has general applicability, it is also true that the 
absence of rhythmic movement, which detracts im- 
measurably from the charm of the original poems, is 
not inevitable even in a prose rendering. In fact, the 
best parts of this translation are those in which it has 
involuntarily assumed a rhythmic character. Would 
that this stamp had been given to the whole work, 

for this is the only way in which it is possible to 
combine an exact rendering of the thought with some- 
what of poetic beauty of form. This has been done 
for the first twelve books of the Odyssey by Profes- 
sor Palmer of Harvard. A comparison of these two 
versions shows that the transfer of the historic truth 
of Homer is hindered rather than facilitated by the 
use of antiquated words and unrhythmical arrange- 

In spite of these defects, which it is not our purpose 
to exaggerate, there is, for those who want the story 
of the Odyssey without the song, no better rendering 
of the whole poem than that of Butcher and Lang. 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us earlj' notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this otfiee the record of carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be tilled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charge to school officers for services rendered. 


Now IS THE Time to Register for accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a week passes when we do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Forjns and Circulars sent free. 


You bave peculiar facilities for re.^cl^i^g out over tlie wliole 
Uniteil States second to no ayency iu the country. Wo sliall not 
foryi't you. 

Monsnn Academy. D. M. D. 

Your information was ample, 
re satisfactory tliau tliose sug- 

Thanl<s f..r ^■,,n^ i,v.,iii|.|ii 
and canrli'liiii- ' \riiiriii .mfl 

geStCd IJV II Mi.r :,;;,iirii- 

Wil'-.ox IcMuli: JiialiliUc, raiiiileii, Ala. C. S. D. 

I desire to th.nnk you for tlie very aljle manner in which you 
assisteil me in ohtalniug a teacher. 

Middletown, Conn. E. H. W. 

I fully believe that you conduct the best Teachers' liurcau in 
the nation, and shall not tail to seek your aid iu the near future. 

E. T. 1". 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

Tlie positisn I have received through your aid is most satis- 
factory, aud I thank you for securing it for me. 

' A. W. T. 

Marlow, N. H. 

I wish to thank you for tlie excellent work you have done 
for mo. 

Springfield, Muss. H. E. C. 

HIRAM ORCUTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 14. 

B O W J:) O 1 X (J R [ E N T. 




F. L. Staples, 'Sll, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Watts, '8!i, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Rxtra copies (;:iii Ikc nbtiiineil :iL the bookstores or on applica. 
tion to the Business Erlitor. 

Keniittances sliould be ma<le to the Business Editor. Coni- 
inunioations in i-e.sranl to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Stuilents, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entevei at the Pjst-OScs at Branswick as Secoad-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIIL, No. 14.-February 13, 1889. 

A Coral Reef 185 

Editorial Notes 18.5 

Our Distinguished Alumni 186 

A Needed Reform 187 

Examinations, 187 

In Durance 188 

Abstract of Rev. Mr. Howe's Sermon, 188 

Not More but Better Schools, 189 

Communication 190 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 190 

Personal 192 

College World 194 

Book Reviews, 195 


Is this a spot by earthquake made ? 
Or forced by wave-strength froiu the sear 
From distant mountain peak decayed, 
And left a verdant spot to be ? 

Ah no ! not by such mighty force 
Comes to our view this verdant strand; 
'Twas formed by far a simpler course, 
Where tiny Insects build a land. 

Thou busy little polyp, fain 
Might man thy industry assay ; 
Thy deeds examples fair contain, 
And tasks of countless years portray. 

A bill has been introduced into the 
Maine Legislature to amend the statute re- 
lating to the exemption of literary institu- 
tions from taxation. The bill provides not 
only for the taxation of real estate which the 
institution ma}^ own, but also imposes a tax 
on tlie cash endowment of such institution. 

It is a significant fact that the three men 
who most earnestly advocate the passage of 
the bill are all residents of one town, which, 
according to their statement, is a heavy loser 
under the present law. 

"The principle of taxation is the imposi- 
tion of a tax upon an individual for a public 
purpose," said ex-Senator Bradbury before 
the judiciary committee recently, at a hear- 
ing on the proposed bill. Continuing he said, 
in substance, this bill violates the principle 
in that it taxes literary institutions which 
are themselves objects of laublic utility. 
Bowdoin College owns but one piece of real 
estate outside of its campus, that is in the 
city of Portland, which does not object to 
its exemption from taxation. This real 
estate is a part of the endowment of the 
Winkley Professorship of Latin, the income 
of wliich would be severely crippled by the 
passage of the bill. 

There probably has never been a law pro- 
posed in the Legislature of this State so 
directly aimed at the prosperity of literary 
institutions as this one. Schools and col- 



leges have always been the objects of special 
care in New England, and when the Consti- 
tution of Maine was drawn up the framers 
did not forget the schools and colleges of the 
new State. In Article Eighth of the Con- 
stitution of Maine we find the following: 
"And it shall further be their duty to en- 
courage and suitably endow, from time to 
time, as the circumstances of the people may 
authorize, all academies, colleges and semi- 
naries of learning within the State." The 
bill is subversive of this constitutional prin- 
ciple. Private generosity has relieved the 
State of this duty to a great degree, but the 
principle exists, nevertheless. The bill is 
contrary to the policy which has always been 
pursued in New England, and we trust that 
the Legislature of this State will not be so 
short-sighted and exhibit that degree of in- 
gratitude which will compel Maine to impose 
a tax on her institutions of learning. 

(As our subscribers may not know the fact 
that each board of editors bears the en- 
tire financial risk for their volume, many 
have doubtless thought it would make no 
difference if they delayed pajanent until 
next year. To such we would say that we 
need the money at once. There are but 
three more issues in our volume and ninety 
per cent, of the subscriptions outside of the 
college are still unpaid. As a result we are 
deeply in debt to our publishers and each 
issue only makes matters worse. It is not 
only a matter of justice that our subscribers 
pay us at once, but of honesty. We have 
labored, and we hope successfully, to give 
you a good paper. We now justly ask the 
pay for our labors; not to put in our pockets 
but to pay our bills with. If the money is 
not forthcoming we must pay from our own 
pockets for the privilege of furnishing the 
Orient to our subscribers. Do not delay. 
It is now that we need the money, and not 

when we ourselves are alumni. Send two 
dollars at once, receiving in exchange a large 
slice of our gratitude and a clear title to the 
Orients you have been receiving for the 
past year, in the form of a receipt. These 
favors of ours are, like a calendar, no 
good if kept over until the next year, so 
please respond at once. 



When we consider the remarkable pro- 
portion of prominent men which Bowdoin 
has produced, we, as students, with the 
thoughtlessness of a living enthusiasm, are 
disposed to credit Alma Mater with their 
entire development. When, however, our 
warm affection shall have enjoyed a few 
years' contact with the frigid world, we shall, 
perhaps, look back upon this, as upon many 
of our other college conceptions, with some- 
thing akin to a smile. 

Longfellow would have been Longfellow 
all the same had he been a graduate of Colby 
or Bates (if our liberal sisters will pardon 
the prehistoric extension of their tender 
youth). It is neither the natural ability, 
nor the home, nor the education, that makes 
the man — it is the harmonious and symmet- 
rical combihation of them all. How these 
three factors have been combined in Bow- 
doin graduates we will attempt, as briefly as 
possible, to indicate. 

Natural ability is a subjective and indi- 
vidual thing; and upon it, as something in- 
herent in the mind at birth, Bowdoin has no 
claims other than those which she possesses 
in common with all New England colleges. 
Whatever superiority she may have mani- 
fested, as in the case of our two distinguished 
literati, is largely due to the kind dispensa- 
tion of the goddess Fortuna. 

It has frequently been stated that ninety 
per cent, of the successful men have been 



country boys. It is from this class that 
Bowdoin's halls have generally been filled. 
Her graduates have been Maine boys. Maine 
is a " country " State ; she possesses a hardy 
climate and a comparatively unproductive 
soil. Financial success, money enough to 
"send the boy to college," means work and 
economy in the State of Maine ; conse- 
quently Bowdoin students have entered col- 
lege grounded in those two important fun- 
damentals, appreciation of the value of 
things and the power of application. 

As the mind at the student age is in a state 
of plasticity, the importance of the college 
as a character-builder is great. It is highly 
essential that, during this mobile and recep- 
tive state, it should be in the hands of masters. 
Bowdoin, from her foundation, has been 
singularly fortunate in the strength of her 
faculties. The silent and potent influence 
of personal contact with men like Professor 
Longfellow, Dr. Stowe, Egbert C. Smyth, and 
the inspiring personalities of Cleaveland and 
Packard, is incalculable, and the part which 
they must have played in the shaping of the 
many intellects entrusted to their care can 
never be estimated or appreciated. 

Bowdoin is indebted, then, for her emi- 
nent alumni to her good fortune in securing 
students of innate natural ability, to the rig- 
orous training of the Maine climate and its 
country homes, and to the silent personal in- 
fluence of the strong men who have consti- 
tuted her faculties. 


There is one tendency among our Greek- 
letter fraternities which calls forth a great 
deal of adverse criticism from the "barba- 
rian " world, and justly, too, we shall see if 
we give the matter a fair consideration, — 
this is the tendency to draw ourselves up 
into narrow spheres of our own, each frater- 
nity rooming in one end, so far as possible, 

and having boarding-clubs composed exclu- 
sively of their own men, thus forming little 
cliques which gradually become so selfish 
and narrow-minded that the general interests 
of the college often fail to arouse in them 
any enthusiasm whatever, and in some in- 
stances are seriously endangered. To this 
we may trace many a failure in our college 
athletics and in other directions ; also to a 
great extent the bitter enmity which has at 
times arisen between the rival factions. The 
absence of any general literary societies, 
where the different fraternities can meet 
together in the discussion of matters of com- 
mon interest, is to a considerable extent 
productive of this condition of affairs. 

The highest and truest ideal of a frater- 
nity is not to bring together a little band of 
men and then isolate them from the rest of 
the college world, narrowing their horizon 
down to the little circle thus formed. If a 
man must room in the same dormitory with 
them, take his meals with them three times 
each day, and have no other associates but 
them in order to keep up his interest in 
his fraternity, something must be lacking 
either in himself or the fraternity. It is an 
evidence of improvement that a man can 
now room outside of the particular " end " 
occupied by his fraternity without being 
deemed guilty of a grave heresy. In view 
of this, the recent formation of class board- 
ing-clubs will be hailed, by those who h^ve 
given the matter any attention, as a step in 
the right direction. 


We notice that in Amherst examinations 
at the end of the term have been abolished, 
and a series of occasional written recitations 
substituted. This seems to us a move, which, 
if generally introduced, will do much toward 
raising the standard of true scholarship. 

The only knowledge of any actual worth 



is that which is fixed in the mind by contin- 
ual association and study. It matters not 
how thoroughly a lesson be once learned, if 
it is afterwards neglected, it speedily slips 
from the memory. 

A system in which final examinations 
play so important a part as they do here, 
creates a natural tendency to rely strongly 
on them for pulling through; and as a result 
we keep slighting this point and that point 
with the intention of " plugging up for 
exams." When the momentous week arrives, 
then come the proverbial " midnight oil " 
and the well-known "cramming process"; 
and facts and principles which ought to have 
grown gradually into the mind through the 
course of the term's work are merely stuck 
on for immediate use. We go to examina- 
tion like the little girl sent on an errand ; if 
we chance to fall down it is forgotten. 

Now by a system of occasional written 
recitations, each of which shall embrace all 
the ground covered to date, this evil may be 
largely obviated ; for however great the tend- 
ency to "craiu," it is certain that the ground 
must all be retraced on each occasion. Of 
course this will not make sluggards, plug- 
gers, nor fools, geniuses, but it will approxi- 
mate more nearly to that gradual mental 
growth and incorporation of ideas which we 
have mentioned above. It will induce a 
more systematic method of study, and tend 
somewhat to discourage " cutting." In order 
to effect this no notice should be given as to 
the time, of writing. For the thorough 
and methodical student, it seems to us that 
this would be equally as well, while for the 
superficial and desultory student it would 
seem a most desirable innovation. It is at 
least worthy of a trial. 

At the University of Vermont they recently de- 
cided to keep the library open on Snnday aftei'noon. 
The privilege is made of by a large number of 
students. — Chronicle. 


Why this suspense ? Is your love a plant 
Of sickly, long-stalked leaves pent within the win- 
Straining upward to the sun of higher, warmer glow ? 
Is there a wrong to right, a boon to grant? 
Still have mj' thoughts for you been vigilant 
(As wonld my deeds had been) with kind regard, 
Of weary waiting that life's joys retard 
For naught but what happiness could implant. 
Speak, lest this soft warm heart, once free to hold 
A thousand joyous feelings to refine. 
Be left more desolate, more drear and cold 
Than the forsaken hut covered with snow 
In Winter's gloomy realms of cheerless sunshine ; 
Speak, that my torturing thoughts their way may 
know ! 

Rev. Geo. M. Howe, of Lewiston, ad- 
dressed the students on the day of prayer for 
colleges. His subject was, " True Manhood ; 
its Ideals, and its Inspiration." Below is a 
brief abstract: 

The crown of creation is man. The greatest of 
modern warriors, as he lay dying at Mt. McGregor, 
said to his son: "Be true, be pure, be a man." 
Every one should strive to attain true manhood as the 
end of his creation. Manhood in its completion is 
not to be reached at one stride. The pattern, the 
power, the inspiration, is given to us, but we must 
grow to manhood by a gradual development of our 
capabilities. There is no building without founda- 
tion, no growth without a basis. There are a few 
principles of growth which we must take as founda- 
tion stones. 

The realization of one's own personality is one 
stone. We are more than mere forms of animal life; 
we are centers of independent thought and action, 
as free and self-determinate in our finiteness as God 
in His intinity. Until a man recognizes his individ- 
uality he is no more than the child before the birth 
of his self-consciousness. He stands bewildered 
before the wonders of nature. Having once realized 
his independence there is no limit to his growth. 

Self-control is a second stone. A famous Roman 
emperor wrote: " I have been fighting against my 
worst enemy, myself, and have conquered. 

Self-control is wrongly conceived as a subju- 
gation, an elimination of one's own peculiar de- 



sires and tendencies. It is not suppression, but 
expression. It is "I" acting througli tlie will as 
a governor of the powers, passions, and emotions. 

Plato conceived of man as a chariot drawn by 
two horses; one white, the other black, with Con- 
science and Reason at the reins. Whether he as- 
cends or descends the azure slope is determined by 
which horse is given free rein. A carnal man is 
fit company for beasts; a spiritual man is at home 
with angels. 

The third stone is a lofty, unselfish purpose. 
Ideals are the world's masteis. A purposeless man 
is a pulpy man with no backbone, who is shaped and 
moulded by circumstances. But let that man have a 
purpose, an aim in life, and all things are changed. 
He is no longer run into the mould of circumstances, 
but makes circumstances subserve his own ends. A 
man never transcends his ideal. Choose then a lofty 
ideal. Your choice becomes a motive and your 
conduct conforms to your purpose. In other words 
you come to have convictions. 

One thing more is necessary for the foundation, 
namely, courage. Not mere brute courage, but that 
firmness vv^hich has a moral basis. Convictions are 
of no avail without courage to maintain them and to 
speak and do the I'ight though the heavens fall. 
Never compromise your principles. The world waits 
for a man who will not 4iiibble. If you are on the 
side of Christ, never fear the consequences. 

How are we to lay this foundation in our own 
lives? The man who honestly asks himself: Who 
am I? Whence am I? Whither am I going? will in- 
evitably turn to God as tlie source and end of his 
being. Without God he has little faith in himself; 
less faith in his fellow-men, and no faith in the future. 
Few new forces come into a man's life past the me- 
ridian. He is impelled by the momentum of his 
earlier days. If you would have your lives glori- 
ous in the future, you must make to-day glorious 
while it is to-day. You are now plastic, and easily 
moulded; in later life your characters will become 
fixed, immovable. You are now at the source of the 
stream which -may be turned this way or that by a 
slight effort; soon it will become a mighty river, 
working its own way toward its own level. 

You are in the line of your own true manhood 
only when you have given your heart-faith and heart- 
confidence to Christ, and are saved by him. Go forth 
into the strength and largeness of this manhood in 

England has only one college paper edited by 
undergraduates, the Review, which is published at 
xford . — Atlantis. 


The founding of several new universities 
recently, with endowments of from one to 
fifteen millions of dollars each, shows that 
America is bound to keep in the front rank 
in educational matters. But the question 
has been raised, and we think justly, whether 
the founding of so many educational institu- 
tions is the best way to keep to the fore in 
such matters. In other words, whether it 
would not be better for the cause of educa- 
tion if a few of the millions which are so 
lavishly used in endowing new institutions 
were applied to building up older schools 
with established reputations. Of course 
money applied in this direction would not 
give the donor such prominent notice as if 
it were given to the founding of a school 
bearing his own name. But we believe that 
the cause of education, which every man 
who founds a new institution professes to 
advance, would be benefited more by in- 
creasing the efficiency of established schools 
than by founding new ones. 

The fact is that we have enough so-called 
universities. What we need is not more but 
better ones. In the matter of education the 
United States needs more schools of a lower 
grade and better schools of a higher grade. 
It needs more schools for the majority of 
people; better schools for the minority. 

The late Henry Winkley, whose gener- 
osity so many colleges have reason to remem- 
ber with gratitude, took this view of the 
matter. The money which he gave to many 
established institutions would have endowed 
one, magnificentl3\ But his judgment so far 
outweighed a laudable ambition that he be- 
stowed his charity where it would do the 
most good. 

When we see so many colleges, which 
with slender means, have done so much for 
mankind, obliged to pinch and save to meet, 
their necessary expenses ; to work in a nar- 
rower sphere than they ought to, simply be- 



cause they have not the funds to meet 
greater expenses, we cannot but wish that 
some of the money might be given to them, 
which is so hxvishly spent in founding new 
institutions which have nothing to recom- 
mend them but a large endowment and fine 


A few remarks in the Orient some time 
ago in regard to the reading-room material- 
ized in the addition of several chairs to the 
furniture of the room and a promised coat 
of blacking for the stove. These improve- 
ments should be, and no doubt are, duly ap- 
preciated by all who visit the room, either 
for pleasure or information. 

There is one other matter relating to the 
reading-room which should be spoken of. 
It is an abuse of the privileges of the room 
that has crept in almost imperceptibly. I 
refer to the mysterious way in which papers 
and periodicals disappear from their places 
on the walls and from the room, remaining 
away from one to several days until the news 
have become stale and the articles have lost 
interest to most of the students. It is hardly 
necessary to say that such disappearances 
are annoying and unprofitable to the college 
as a whole, and public opinion demands that 
they should cease. Any on« who is guilty 
of taking jDapers from the room before being 
generally read transgresses the rules of com- 
mon courtesy and gentlemanly conduct which 
should govern the actions of a Bowdoin stu- 

If this matter of allowing the papers to 
remain in the reading-room until read, should 
be acted upon as promptly as that mentioned 
above, it would be a great satisfaction and 
accommodation to the majority of the stu- 

Among the graduates of Yale are the two great 
lexicographers, Webster and Worcester. — Ex. 


Mr. A. L. Bartlett of Boston, Pres- 
ident of the Grand Lodge of Theta 
Delta Chi, and Mr. Frederic Carter, 
Yale, '90, the Treasurer, were guests 
of Eta Charge, Friday evening, January 2.5th. M. L. 
Kimball, '87, E. S. Bartlett and D. M. Cole, '88, were 
also present. G. A. Porter, '91, was on that evening 
initiated into the Fratemitj. 

The Glee Club leave for their annual Maine tour 
before long. Berwick, Portland, Lewiston, Bath, 
Bar Harbor, Bangor, Houlton, Watervillc, and Gardi- 
ner will be visited. 

President Hj'de preached in Augusta Sunday, 
the 3d. 

Miss Lane of the libi'ary staff goes down town to 
type-write some 5,000 catalogue cards for the Bruns- 
wick Library, and Emery and Weeks are taking her 
place on the General Catalogue work. 

A dozen fellows went down to Bath on the even- 
ing of the Da}' of Prayer to witness "Little Lord 
Fauntleroy." Four of them — including a prominent 
German scholar, a well-known musician, and an 
Orient man — perched on the back of their settee to 
avoid the sea of bonnets. An incautious back move- 
ment overturned the seat and added a new comedy 
element to the play. Those men now nurse sore 

George B. Kenniston, '61, J. C. Hall, '8.5, Wm. C. 
Kendall, '85, Raz Manson, ex-'89, and H. P. Godfrey, 
ex-'91, have been on the campus since our last. 

The Senior chemists have each chosen a subject 
for special investigation, which will be made the 
basis of their laboratory work and quizzes this term. 

Themes are due from both classes to-day on these 
subjects: Juniors. 1 — The place of examinations in 
education ; 2 — Was the execution of Charles I. jus- 
tifiable? Sophomores. 1 — Winter Sports; 2 — The 
Battle of Marathon. 

C. J. Jordan, Bowdoin, '87, recently read a paper 
at Johns Hopkins University on Lawscrit, which was 
highly spoked of. — Auburn Gazette. 

Rev. E. C. Guild's course of lectures on Words- 




woi'th will be given in Lower Memorial on Tuesday 
evenings at 8 o'clock. The synopsis : 

Feb. 19— Functions of Poetry. 

Feb. 26 — Lite and Ciiaracter of Wordsworth. 

Mar. 5 — Nature, Man, and God in Wordsworth's Poetry. 

Mar. I'i — Wordsworth as a Critic. 

Mar. 19 — History of Criticisms on Wordsworth. 
We hope every man in college will attend this 
course. It will be worth your while, and a good 
audience can but partially repay the lecturer for his 
trouble. The lectures are free. 

It stormed as usual on the Day of Prayer. 

A Freshman staggers out from Maine, 

We see his careworn face afar. 
What means this picture of despair '? 

Only a dead in Algebra. 

A Sophomore goes along the path, 

Wliat means his surly loolc and frown ? 

He's merely got to go and plug 
Demosthenes upon the Crown. 

And then a Junior comes our way, 
Traditional ease in him we'll find. 

Ah, no! It is the same complaint, 
" Our German this year is a grind." 

The Senior's eye looks rather Dewey, 
(For this we owe him an apology). 

We hope that he may make a sail 
His next recitation in Psychology. 

Training for the gymnastic exhibition in March is 
well under way. The leading feature will be a 
prize drill for the silver cup. It will be contested for 
as follows : Class of '89, Fencing, G. T. Files, leader. 
Class of '90, Wands, G. F. Freeman, leader. Class 
of '91, Dumb-bells, B. D. Ridlon, leader. Class of 
'92, Indian Clubs, F. G. Swett, leader. It is not 
unlikely that Dr. Sargent, the Father of Bowdoin 
gymnastics, will be present and act as a judge. Other 
events will be : Special Trapeze, Slack Wire Walk- 
ing, Special Indian Clubs, Wrestling, Boxing, Broad- 
sword Contest, Horizontal Bar, F. O. Fish leading. 
High Jumping, G. T. Files leading. Parallel Bars, 
F. E. Simpson leading. Tumbling, M. A. Rice lead- 
ing, and Pyramids, F. Lynam leading. 

The twenty-first annual reunion of the Boston 
Bowdoin Alumni occurs this evening. Gen. Cham- 
berlain, President Hyde, and Chief Justice Fuller are 
expected to be present. 

Professors Smith and Chapman lately addressed 
the Y. M. C. A. 

The Glee Club has had an offer from the like 
organization of Tufts College to give a joint concert 
in Portland during the month. 

Prof. Woodruff conducted prayers a week ago 
Sunday and Monday. 

One of the most remarkable of the many intercol- 
legiate movements of the present day is that of the 
Student Volunteers for Foreign Missions. It was 
originated two years ago by one hundred young men, 
at Moody's Summer School for Bible Study, volun- 
teering to go as foreign missionaries. Wishing to 
bring the matter directly before their fellow-students 
they chose Messrs. Foreman and Wilder (graduates 
of Princeton) to visit the colleges and obtain more 
volunteers. These young men visited 162 colleges 
and seminaries and obtained 2,300 pledges. Since 
that time the work has quietly gone forward until 
there have been over 3,200 names enrolled. Forty- 
seven of these are in the State of Maine. Representa- 
tives of these recently met at Bates College and 
formed "The Foreign Mission Volunteer Associa- 
tion of Maine." The following oflB.cers were chosen : 
Rev. F. W. Sandford of Topsham, Chief Executive; 
C. F. Hersey of Bowdoin College, Executive Secre- 
tary — these, with A. B. Patten of Colby University, 
and T. M. Singer of Bates, to form the executive 
board. The objects of this association are to get 
more volunteers, money to send them, and to awaken 
a deeper interest in foreign missions among the 
schools and churches of Maine by holding meetings 
in the interest of missions. Many churches have 
already been visited and dates have been arranged 
with others. The volunteers in Bowdoin are Stearns 
and Hersey, '89 ; Webb, '90, and Lee, '92. 

Doherty, '89, Thompson, Pendleton, and Royal, 
'90, Hardy, Kempton, and Dudley, '91, have recently 
returned from teaching. 

Among those at the Governor's Reception in Au- 
gusta, the 4th, were: Thwing, '89; Brooks, Humph- 
rey, Hunt, Turner, Wingate, '90 ; Burr, Burleigh, 
'91 ; and Thompson, '92. 

February 28th, President Hyde will attend the 
meeting of the Phillips Exeter alumni in New York. 
Thence he will proceed to Washington, where he 
will be inauguration week. March 6-8 he will attend 
the convention of the National Education Association, 
Superintendent's Department, at the capital, reading, 
the last day of the session, a paper on "Examina- 
tions for Promotion in Public Schools." 

Recent additions to the library : McCullough's 
"Men and Measures of Half a Century"; Borrow's 
" Romany Rye " ; James Freeman Clarke's " Ideas of 
the Apostle Paul " ; Tenth General Catalogue of Psi 
Upsilon, 1888; Hawthorne's " Septimius Felton"; 
Shoemaker's "Best Things from the Best Authors," 
5 vols. ; Haggard's "Mr. Meeson's Will"; Farrar's 



"Solomon"; Langley's and Young's Astronomies; 
Deland's "John Ward, Preacher," and the following 
by Arlo Bates (Bowdoin, 76): "A Lad's Love," 
"Berries of the Briar," "Sonnets in Shadow," and 
" Prince Vance " (jointly with Eleanor Putnam). 

Prof. Lee met the original "Little Lord Faunt- 
leroy " when in Washington. 

Prof. Robinson has been appointed a member of 
the State Board of Health. 

'90's dancing school closed January 30th. Special 
efforts were made to have the occasion rather more 
elaborate than nsual. Some of the costumes were 
very fine. 

The Sophomores have elected officers as follows : 
President, H. T. Field ; Vice-President, C. V. Minott, 
Jr. ; Secretary-Treasurer, D. M. Bangs ; Toastmaster, 
E. A. Thompson ; Poet, H. H. Noyes ; Orator, W. M. 

Hilton; Historian, ; Prophet, R. H. Hunt; 

Opening Address, F. O. Fish ; Committee of Arrange- 
ments, L. A. Burleigh, F. E. Bragdon, ; Com- 
mittee on Odes, C. S. F. Lincoln, H. E. Cutts, C. E. 

We are requested to say a few words about the 
class of '68 Prize. The class established a fund of 
$1,150 soon after graduation, and the prize of $60 
was offered for excellence in writing and speaking. 
Appointments have annually been made with refer- 
ence to those two qualifications. The first competi- 
tion was in 1869 and was won by Charles A. Stephens, 
now of the YoulVs Companion. In those days the 
exhibition was held in June In 1870 the prize, for 
some reason, was not awarded. The winners from 
1871 to 1881, inclusive: '71, E. P. Mitchell; '72, 
J. G. Abbott and Herbert Harris, equal division ; 
'73, W. A. Blalie ; '74, Rev. S. V. Cole ; '75, Dr. D. A. 
Sargent; '76, J. A. Morrill; '77, J. E. Chapman; 
'78, Prof G. C. Purrington; '79, S. S. Stearns; 
'80, Frank Winter; '81, Rev. C. H. Cutler. For six 
years the fund was not available and the next class 
to compete for the prize was '88, R. W. Goding being 
the winner. The appointments from '89, made 
January 28th, are : Emery, Files, Owen, Rice, 
Staples, Watts. Egotism prevents us from remind- 
ing our readers that five of the six are Orient editors. 

They say W.-ilter Hunt did get a ticket to the Med- 
ical Lecture this year. 

A new society has been formed in college, called 
Mu Iota Chi, or "Micks." It starts under most 
favorable auspices. The badges worn are very 

Hon. William Blaikie, author of the well-known 
"How to Get Strong and How to Stay So," and 

other works on physical training, will lecture at Me- 
morial Hall, Saturday evening, March 2d. An admis- 
sion fee will be charged. The following afternoon 
he will give a talk in Memorial on " Social Purity," 
to men only. 

One week from to-night a series of assemblies 
will begin at the Town Hall. They are to be held 
on Wednesday evenings. Mr. George Thwing is 

A Medic was filling out one of the blanks pre- 
pared for new-comers, when the following conversa- 
tion with Mr. Booker ensued : 

Mr. B. — Are you a college man, sir? 

Medic — Yes, sir, a graduate of Colby University, 
sir. (After writing a minute) : O, how do you spell 
University, s-a-t-y, isn't it.' 

Mr. B. — Well, it used to be s-i-t-y when I was 
in college. 

Briggs, '90, has gone home sick. 

The opening lecture of the Medical School was 
given Thursday afternoon, February 7th, by Rev. 
E. C. Guild. His subject was " The Ethical Side of 
the Physician's Life," and was most ably and inter- 
estingly handled. His remark that one " couldn't 
buy cheer and comfort at a drug store," elicited 
knowing smiles from the initiated. " Mul" created 
a ripple of amusement by bringing in a stool to place 
his hat on while he calmly took a seat upon the 

'48. — Hon. Charles Ames 
Washburn, one of the fa- 
mous Washburn family, so prominent 
in political life, died on Saturday at 
St. Vincent's hospital, New York, having 
gone to that city from his home at Morris- 
town, N. J., to take a course of medical treatment. 
Mr. Washburn was born in South Liverraore, March 
16, 1822, and was graduated at Bowdoin College 
in 1848. The next year he began the practice of 
law at Mineral Point, Wis., but in 1850 removed 
to California, and shortly afterward became editor 
of the Alia California in San Francisco. He was 
made Commissioner to Paraguay in 1801, and was 
afterward Minister during the war between that 



country and Brazil, Uruguaj', and the Argentine Re- 
public. He and his wife were in great danger there 
for nearly six months, and were rescued just in time 
to save their lives. After his return to the United 
States, in 1868, Mr. Washburn devoted himself to lit- 
erary work, and, besides contributing largely to the 
prominent periodicals, wrote "A History of Para- 
guay," "Robert Thaxter," "Gomery of Montgom- 
ery," and "Political Evolution." 

'60.— Prof. J. S. Sewall, D.D., of the Bangor 
Theological Seminary, delivered his lecture, "Our 
Saxon Fathers a Thousand Years Ago," at the Spring 
Street Congregational Church, VVoodfords, Monday 
evening, February 4th. This is the same lecture 
delivered by Prof. Sewall before the teachers of the 
Cumberland County Educational Association at their 
last annual meeting atBridgton, and is highly spoken 
of by all who heard it at that time. The lecture 
gives a perfect picture of the life of our ancestors in 
a way to afford a great deal of quiet pleasure and 
pleasant information. 

'54. — Minnesota has chosen as her representative in 
the United States Senate an able man and good Re- 
publican, who is, moreover, American to the back- 
bone. To say that a man is a Maine Washburn is 
to imply that he comes from a long line of the sort of 
men and women who make a nation great. John 
Washburn, first secretary of the Council of Ply- 
mouth, was a paternal ancestor of the new Senator, 
and his mother, the daughter of Samuel Benjamin, 
boasts a lineage as long and pure as her husband's. 
William Drew Washburn was born in Livermore, 
Maine, in 1831, and in his youth lived the rugged life 
of a New England farmer's son. He labored in the 
fields from dawn in summer, and wrestled with the 
three R's in the district school in winter. His litera- 
ture was the Bible and the county paper. So he 
grew to sturdy manhood without mental, moral, or 
physical dyspepsia, and after gi'aduating at Bowdoin 
in 1854, became a lawyer. His later experience was 
rather political and mercantile than legal. His first 
office was the Surveyor-Generalship of Minnesota, 
from 1861 to 1865, by President Lmcoln's appoint- 
ment. Then his residence was at St. Paul, but now 
he hails from Minneapolis. The calibre of his busi- 
ness enterprises can be gauged from his presidency 
of the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway, and from 
his prominence among the owners and directors of 
the Minneapolis Water-power Company. Mr. Wash- 
burn was a member of the Minnesota Legislature in 
1858 and 1871, and he served in the Forty-sixth, 
Forty-seventh, and Forty-eighth Congresses from 1879 
to 1885. He is in favor of the admission to the Union 
of the new claimants for Statehood, especiallj' 

Dakota, and of course he was "mentioned" for Pres- 
ident Harrison's cabinet — but that was before his 
election. Altogether his colleagues have cause to 
welcome him to their select company. — Earper^s 

'60. — A large audience assembled at the Central 
Church last evening, prepared to be instructed and 
entertained by Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., of Portland, 
who was to lecture upon "The Swedes in America," 
a favorite topic. The pleasant anticipations of the 
members of the audience were certainly fully realized, 
and for over an hour the speaker held the close at- 
tention of all. Mr. Thomas is thoroughly informed 
upon his subject, which he presented most hap- 
pily. — Bangor Whig. 

'67. — John Norris McClintock is the author of the 
handsome large History of New Hampshire, just out. 

'69. — Charles Asbury Stephens, of the YouWs 
Conipaiiion, has just issued a book of some one hun- 
dred pages, "Living Matter: Its Cycle of Growth, 
and Decline in Animal Organisms." 

'76. — Arlo Bates has published a new novel, "The 
Philistines," over which the critics seem to be divided. 

'85. — Mr. W. S. Kendall has received from the 
Government the appointment of Naturalist for the 
Fish Commission steamer" Fish Hawk," now located 
in the Gulf of Mexico. Mr. Kendall has left for the 
South, where he will be occupied during the winter 
and spring months in investigation. 


In the list of Bowdoin graduates given in the last 
issue of the Ouient, the following members of the 
House were omitted. The sketches of their careers 
are taken from the manual published in Augusta. 

'39. — John C. Talbot, of East Machias. Born in 
East Machias; educated at Washington Academy 
and at Bowdoin College. Was deputy collector of 
customs from 1843 to 1848 ; State delegate to national 
democratic convention in 1856 ; district delegate to 
national convention at Philadelphia in 1867 ; district 
delegate to national democratic convention in 1868 ; 
democratic candidate for governor in 1876. Mem- 
ber of the legislature in 1849-50-51-52-53-56-57- 
62-74-75-76-80-81-82-88-84, and 87, serving in both 
branches. Speaker of the House of Representatives 
two sessions ; with the present term will fill out 
twenty years of service in the legislature. 

'41. — Frederick Robie, of Gorham. Born in 
Gorham ; was a student in the academy in that town 
for many years, and graduated at Bowdoin College 
in the class of '41. Received the diploma of M.D., 
at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 
1844, and practiced medicine in Biddeford and Wal- 



doboro for the next twelve years. In 1857 in returned 
to his native town and was elected representative to 
the legislature for the years 1858-59 ; was a member 
of the executive council of the State during a part of 
the year 1861, which position he resigned in ordei' to 
accept the appointment of paymaster in the United 
States army, in virtue of a commission issued in 
June, 1861 ; was honorably mustered out of service 
July 16, 1866, with the rank of Lieut.-Colonel by 
Brevet. He was elected to the Senate of Maine for 
the years 1867-68, and was retui'ned a member of 
the House of Representatives from Gorham for 1871- 
72-76-77-78, and elected Speaker of the House in 
1876 ; delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion ; Governor of the State from 1883 to 1887. 

'49. — Robert W. Lord, of Kennebunk. Born in 
Kennebunk, and educated at Yarmouth Academy. 
Entered Bowdoin College but did not graduate. 
Member of the House in 1877-78-81 . Resided in 
California and Oregon from 1850 to 1855. Since 
then has been engaged in manufacturing at Kenne- 
bunk. Is a director of the Ocean National Bank, and 
president of the Kennebunk Savings Bank. 

'73. — Andrew P. Wiswell, of Ellsworth. Born in 
Ellsworth, and educated at Bowdoin College, gradu- 
ating in the class of 1873. Judge of the Ellsworth 
municipal court from 1878 to 1881. National Bank 
Examiner for Maine from 1883 until he resigned in 
September, 1886. Delegate to National Republican 
Convention in 1884. Member of the last House. 

Stenography and telegraphy are soon to be placed 
on the curriculum at Bncknell University. 

The percentage of Henry Ward Beecher during 
his college course was 68. George Bancroft received 
the degree of A.B. before attaining the age of 17. 
Holmes was gi-aduated from college at 20, Emerson 
at 18, Lowell and Longfellow at 19, and Hawthorne 
at 21 years of age. — Madisonensis. 

According to the Librarian's report, Harvard 

Library now numbers 313,318 bound volumes and 
276,682 pamphlets, having increased 16,468 bound 
volumes the past year. The loans amounted to 65,- 
639 books. 

The Dartmouth Faculty, having considered some 
of the "grinds" in the last Aegis objectionable, have 
suspended the nine editors and deprived the scholar- 
ship holders of those benefits for the remainder of 
the year. Is that the " Dartmouth System ? " 

— Amherst Student. 


She'd a great and varied knowledge, picked up at female 
college, of quadratics, hydrostatics, and pneumatics, 
very fast. 

She was stuffed with erudition as you stuff a leather cush- 
ion, all the 'ologies of the colleges and the knowl- 
edges of the past. 

She had studied the old lexicons of Peruvians and Mexi- 
cans, their theology, antliropology, and geology o'er 
and o'er. 

She knew all the forms and features of the prehistoric 
creatures — icthyosaurus, plesiosaurus, megalosaurus, 
and many more. 

She'd describe the ancient Tuscans, and the Basques, and 
Etruscans, their griddles and their kettles, and the 
victuals that they knawed. 

She'd discuss, the learned charmer, the theology of 
Brahma, and the scandals of the Vandals, and the 
sandals that they trod. 

She knew all the mighty giants and the master minds of 
science, all the learning that was turning in the 
burning mind of man. 

But she couldn't prepare a dinner for a gaunt and hungry 
sinner, for she never was constructed on the old 
domestic plan. — Lynn Union. 

The Woman's College at Baltimore, similar in 
scope and standard to the Johns Hopkins University, 
was formally opened on November 13th. 

"Now a kiss, dear," quoth he, 

" Is a noun we'll admit ; 
But common or proper. 

Canst thou tell that of it ? " 
" Well, I think," replied she, 

" To speak nothing loth; " 
While she smiled and grew red, 

" Well, I think it is both." 

(And so did he.) — Ex. 

Kettleman, of Yale, recently broke the record for 
the hundred-yard dash, making it 9? seconds. 

The University of Mexico is said to have been 
founded fifty years before Harvard. — Ex. 

Sixty men are members of the Hare and Hounds 
Club at Princeton. Runs are held twice a week. 
— Coup U'Etat. 



Berlin University has an attendance at its winter 
term of 5,790, wiiicii is 1,177 more tlian last sum- 
mer, and 322 more than last winter. The students 
from America attending the universitj' number 171. 
— Fordham Monthly. 

In jest, I called her egotist, 

The veriest of elves, 
" Because," I said, " these egotists 

Love none beside tliemselves." 

She looljed at me lull earnestly, 
As oft when she would chide me. 

And then she said so haughtily, 
" I don't like you beside mie." 

— \VUliams Weekhj. 

Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) has received 
the degree of Master of Arts from Yale Univer- 
sity. — Ex. 

The Fordham Monthly has the prettiest exterior of 
any college journal on our table. 

The average expenses for one year at Oxford 
University, England, is %im.—Ex. 

Around her waist my fond arm slips, 

" 1 love you dearly, I confess; 
Will you be mine ? Oh, from those lips 

Let me, I pray, hear yes. 
Say, my dear ! " 

She said not yes, but kissed me thrice, 
- And answered, cheeks with red aflare : 
" A word were never half so nice ; 
Besides these kisses bear 

The — same idea." — Bninonian. 

The Episcopalians have twelve colleges in this 
country, the Methodists 62, Baptists 4(5, Presbyte- 
rians 41, and the Congregationalists 26. — Ex. 

At the annu;il meeting of the Bowdoin Alumni 
Association of Washington, Chief Justice Fuller was 
elected president. — Portland Advertiser. 

Protection is taught in the University of Penn- 

The Harvard College base-ball team cleared 
$2,500 last year. 

The plan of having Monday for a holiday has 
proved a success at Cornell. 

The first foot-ball match in the United States 
was played at Yale College in 1840. 

The student at Buoknell who has his room most 
tastefully decorated receives a prize. 

Washington and Lee University has a new mu- 
seum in process of completion, and a new chair of 
Biology has been established, in charge of Professor 
H. D. Campbell, Ph.D., which promises to be a val- 
uable addition to the course of instruction. 

The Middletown Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa has 

presented the college library with $300, to be used 
in the purchase of a complete set of books for some 
department, not yet determined, and which shall be 
known as the Phi Beta Kappa collection. 

The rule regarding Commencement orators at 
Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., has been 
changed. Hereafterthe Commencement orators will 
be the ten students having the highest marks in the 
rhetorical exercises in the Junior and Senior years. 

William and Mary College can boast of being the 
Alma Mater of three Presidents of the United States, 
Harvard two, and each of the following one : Prince- 
ton, Hampden-Sidney, University of North Carolina, 
Bowdoin, Dickinson, West Point, Kenyon, Williams, 
and Union. 

Of the world's refracting telescopes nine have 
apertures exceeding twenty inches, viz. : Lick Ob- 
servatory, California, 3G inches; Pulkova, Russia, 
30; Yale College, 28; Littrow, Vienna, 27; Univer- 
sity of Virginia, 2ii ; Washington Naval Observatory, 
26; Gateshead, England, 25; Princeton, N. J., 23, 
and Buckingham, London, England, 21. Six of 
these instruments are the work of the American firm 
of Alvan Clark & Sons. — Ex. 


The Collegian. Vol. I., No. 2. Boston, Mass. Feb- 
ruary, 1889. 100 pp. 

The second number of the Collegian maintains 
the high standard of excellence manifested in its first 
issue. The special paper is written this month by 
Prof. Leverett W. Spring, who succeeds in making 
his article "On the Teaching of English Literature 
in the College Curriculum" very interesting. The 
contributions and selections are all worthy of notice, 
A perusal of the copy to be found at the library will 
repay any one. 

A Guide to The Study of Nineteenth Century 
Authors. By Louise Manning Hodgkins. Series of 
Pamphlets. Heath & Co. 

Miss Hodgkins, Professor of English Literature 
in Wellesley College, has done a work of great serv- 
ice to students in her manual for the study of Nine- 
teenth Century Authors. She gives a select biblio- 
graphy, bothijof biographical and of critical writ- 
ings, on the author illustrated, together with the 
main facts of his life and a reference to his most sig- 
nificant writings. Her list includes sixteen English 
and eight American poets, essayists, and novelists ; 
it is comprehensive, yet judiciously selected. Her 



method is clearly the right one, whether for private 
work or for class work. Thei'e are numerous inac- 
curacies in names and titles cited, which will no 
doubt be set right in a future edition. 

The Harvard UNrvERSiTT Catalogue for 1888-89. 

Cambridge, Mass. For sale by Chas. "W. Serle; 1888: 

12mo. pp. 381. 

The Harvard University Catalogue appears in iis 
customary coat of crimson and black. Its 881 pages 
are as interesting as the subject matter of the vol- 
ume permits. A valuable feature of the book is the 
map of Cambridge, which, with accompanying direc- 
tions, is attached to the first cover. 

HiSTORiETTES MoDERNES. Eecueillies et Annotees, par 
C. Fontaine, B.L., L.D. Tome I. Boston: D .C. Heath 
& Co.; 1888. pp. 160. 

Under the above title the author presents the first 
volume of a series of Modern French Texts. The 
series is to be continued in the near future. In this 
first venture the author's two objucts : first, to give 
students interesting reading matter, and second, to 
familiarize them with modern French Literature, are 
well carried out, or at least, the reading matter pi-e- 
sented is very interesting in its ehitraoter. The 
stories given are bright, lively, and entertaining, and 
are all intensely modern. The French the author 
gives us is decidedly that of to-day. The notes are 
quite above the ordinary; this especially of the ex- 
planation of idioms and figurative expressions. The 

etymological suggestions, when they appear, are 
well in place. More of the same would have been 


The idea of publishing the compiled poetry of 
Bowdoin has several times within the past few years 
been suggested by undergraduate members of the 
college. The task has been successfully accomplished 
at Harvard, Williams, and Columbia, and the same 
labor of love has recently been undertaken for their 
Alma Mater by Davis, '89, and Baker, '89, of Dart- 
mouth. The resultant volume, Darlmoulh Lyrics, 
has just appeared from the Riverside Press, Cam- 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
schools, will secure from this office the record oj carefully 
selected cadidates suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charfie to school officers for services rendered. 


Now IS THE Time to Register for accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new school year. 
Not a week passes when we do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will be called for. 

Forms and Circxdars sent free. 


You have peculiar facilities for reaching out over the whole 
United .States second to no agency in the country. We shall not 
forget you. 

Monffon Academy. D. M. D. 

'Ili:iiil.- Imi iiur |Jinni|.iiH'-..«. Your information was ample, 
jniH ' '< ihin ;iimI iiK.rc satisfactory than those eug- 

I fully Ijolieve that you conduct the best Teachers' bureau in 
the nation, and shall not fail to seek your aid in the near future. 

E. T. P. 

Indianapolis^ Ind. 

The position I have received through your aid is most satis- 
factory, and r thank you for securing it for mc. 

Afarlow, N. H. 

I wish to thank you for the excellent work you have done 
for me. 
. ^V. , Springfield, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIRAM ORC"CJTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 15. 




F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 
O. P. Watts, '81', Business Editor. 

W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can l>e obtained at tlie boolcstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittance-! shoulcl be made to tiie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied bv writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunsvirick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 15.- February 27, 1889. 

Au Old Friend's Face 197 

Editorial Notes • 197 

A Reverie 198 

One Method of Exercise, 199 

George Eliot, 199 

Base-Ball 200 

Reading 201 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of Boston 201 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of Washington, . . . 202 

Collegii Tabula 203 

Personal, 205 

College World 206 

Book Reviews, 207 

I sat by the fire and mused awhile. 
And the smouldefing embers burst into flame; 
The past and present, in turn, beguile 
My thoughts, e'er the future its own may claim. 

The future, ahead seems dark indeed ; 

The past is a tale of what might have been ; 

For the present we care not, but thoughts gently lead 

To a picture which hangs from my heart within. 

'Tis the face of a friend dear to memory old — 
Like a spark 'mongst the embers it flashes anon. 
No wealth whatso'er, be it silver or gold. 
Can compare with the love of a friend whom you've 

There has been a good deal of com- 
plaint this terra about the insufficient heating 
of the gymnasium. The greater part of the 
time the room has not been comfortably 
warm in the forenoon. The water in the 
bath-rooms is almost always cold, and in- 
stances are numerous where students after 
bathing in the cold water have taken cold 
and been obliged to go home sick. 

Each man pays two dollars a term for the 
use of the gymnasium, and it is only fair 
that some of this money should be applied 
to warming the building. We don't know 
whose business it is to look after the fires, 
but judging from circumstances we should 
say that they looked after themselves. All 
the boys want is what is due them. If we 
pay our gymnasium dues and are compelled 
to strip in there every day, we want the 
rooms warm. It is not fair to compel men 
to take colds and lose their recitations to 
save a little coal that we pay for. 

We desire once more to call attention to 
what we fear has become a hackneyed theme. 
There is only one more issue of the Orient 
before the election of editors occurs, and it 
is the last chance for those who hope for an 
election to the Board to make a brace. 

An article handed in during the next two 
weeks will count as much as one passed in 
earlier in the year. Indeed, for the larger 



part of the students it will count for every- 
thing, since the larger part have clone 

The Glee Club gave its first concert this 
winter in Augusta, February 15th. It was 
a fine entertainment and thoroughly appre- 
ciated by the audience. 

Several changes have been made in the 
club since last year, which have strength- 
ened it. Especially is this true of the banjo 
and guitar contingent, which has been in- 
creased by the addition of Messrs. G. F. 
Freeman, Rich, and Mann, all excellent mu- 

The club will present a new programme 
in each place visited and there will be no 
repetition. The great need of the club at 
present is more songs of Bowdoin. It would 
be difficult to tell from the songs whether 
the club hails from Bowdoin or somewhere 
else. Here is a fine chance for some aspiring 
poet to make his name more or less immortal 
by writing a few songs in which Boivdohi 
shall be the sentiment, first, last, and all the 

The friends of the nine will be glad to 
know that the Massachusetts trip will be 
omitted this year, and in its place will be a 
trainer from one of the teams in the National 
League. This is certainly a change for the 
better and will be hailed with delight by the 
friends of athletics in the collcR-e. 


Happy is the man who has a hobby. He 
has a source of pleasure all his own, that the 
world cannot enjoy and perhaps not even 

Stamp and coin collecting, roller skating, 
snow shoeing, tobogganing, photography, and 
bicycle riding, all these have now or have 
had in the j'^st many enthusiasts. Yet my 

hobby is none of these — a craze followed by 
half the world to-day and to-morrow neg- 
lected for some newer rival. 

My hobby has been all my own, unknown 
and unshared by any one until now. It is a 
fondness for old graveyards. I find a quiet 
pleasure on a warm, still Sunday afternoon, 
in wandering about in some old, quaint 
graveyard of a century ago, brushing the 
grass away from the dark, moss-covered 
stones and deciphering the almost illegible 
verses, those tokens of affection or mourning 
for the ashes that have lain so long below, 
where they have perhaps been joined by 
those who wrote the scanty lines above them 
that alone remain to say they lived. The 
dark stones, carved with the weeping willow 
and grim, winged skulls — intended for angels, 
perhaps — possess a charm greater than the 
spotless marble or polished granite of more 
recent date. 

The lifeless marble, from its faintly chis- 
eled lines, speaks a solemn warning and the 
lesson of the clay beneath : 

" Stranger, pause and cast an eye ; 
As you are now, so once was I : 
As I am now, so you must be ; 

Prepare for death and follow me." 

Or perhaps in lighter tone tells the brief story 
of the dead : 

" Of all the sorrows that attend mankind. 

With patience bore he the lot to him assigned. 

At fourscore years he bid the world adieu. 

And paid the debt to nature due." 

Into this quiet spot from out the years 
ago, there breaks no rush of life from the 
busy, hurrying world. Without, life throbs 
and beats ; men live and love, and strive and 
suffer. Within is death and rest. The very 
trees and grasses seem as if they never 
changed. It is a place set apart for one to 
wander in alone or with some chosen friend, 
and question why he lives, and who shall 
think of him when he, too, like these, shall lie 
beneath the turf. 



Then there come vague, half-formed 
thoughts ; sad, yet bearing with their sad- 
ness a sense of unutterable peace and rest. 
It is a state of mind, rather than active 
thought. It is as if the soul attuned itself 
to its surroundings and the silent voices of 
the dead gave to its panting, throbbing life 
something of their own calm rest. 

When winter's snows have melted and 
summer once more clothes the world in 
verdure, then try my hobby and enjoy for 
a brief hour its dreamy rest. 


Among the many ways in which Bowdoin 
students obtain recreation is that of snow- 
shoeing. This sport seems to have taken a 
new start during the present term. It is a 
very pleasant" exercise, and one which, be- 
sides developing the physical frame, refreshes 
and invigorates the mind far more than any 
other mode of exercise. As yet no regular 
club has been formed in college, but certain 
cliques have banded together and enjoyed 
many long runs, so that a club is one of the 
probabilities in the near future. 

One great advantage which all out-of- 
door exercises have over a gymnasium is in 
the matter of ventilation. Our fields and 
forests are ventilated as no gymnasium can 
be and this pure fresh air is the best and 
cheapest of medicines. A student's life is 
necessarily more or less confined in a little 
room fifteen by sixteen, so that he is very 
liable to forget that there is something else 
in this wide world besides his little coop. 
In this way he may become cramped in his 
ideas of life, and may lack that broad com- 
prehensive view so necessary to a man of true 
liberal education. 

While the beauties of nature may not be 
so plain when partially covered with snow, 
they exist just the same, and can only be ap- 
preciated by becoming personally acquainted 

with them. When placed in the midst of 
nature's abode one's thoughts fly faster, the 
conversation flows more easily, and turns 
more naturallj^ to interesting and pertinent 
subjects. We can imagine nothing more in- 
spiring than to be placed where everything, 
whether animate or inanimate, obeys the same 
strict laws with regard to life and death as 
this frail, weak body of ours ; to feel that 
nature's laws are fulfilled in us as well as in 
a tree, bird, or plant, and that we are only a 
link in this grand chain. 

There is much more to be obtained from 
exercise than a mere enlargement of the 
muscles. It matters little whether this or 
that man's biceps is the larger. The mind 
must have recreation as well as the body, and 
in no way can this be better brought about 
than by placing one's self as far as possible 
from the ordinary daily pursuits, and giving 
free scope to his imagination and his fancy. 

At present I think the average student 
wastes about one-quarter of his time in 
senseless chats in his room. It would be 
much better for him, both now and in years 
to come, if he would put the time thus 
spent into walks in the open air. 


Literary taste is subject to change, and 
the writer who seeks to win the public and 
acquire financial and literary success must 
keep up with this change. 

The literary world has gone wild over the 
first two or three novels of a writer, but 
owing to their desire to follow in the same 
ruts of their successful novels, they have 
ceased to be regarded by the reading public, 
and have fallen into the great mass of for- 
gotten novelists. 

Although this can be said of the great 
majority of writers, yet there are a few, 
who, by great versatility of genius, human- 
ity, wit, and polished style, can almost 



entirely neglect to observe the tastes of the 
public and even then secure the attention 
and admiration of the world. It is from this 
class that the majority of distinguished writ- 
ers have arisen whose names we now cherish 
and praise. 

The name of George Eliot stands among 
the foremost of this class. Her first work, 
" Scenes of Clerical Life," appeared in 
Blackwood's Magazine in 1857, and was fol- 
lowed by " Adam Bede " in 1859, which at 
once secured for its author a place among 
the first of English novelists. " Middle- 
march," published in 1871, is the most re- 
markable of her prose works. 

One of the characteristics of George 
Eliot as a writer of fiction is her remarkable 
power in the delineation of character, not so 
much of one already formed as of its devel- 
opment, preferring to follow her characters 
through the hard and even cruel processes 
by which circumstances impress them with 
their own unimportance, knock the selfish- 
ness out of them, or punish them for it. It 
is partly owing to this that the reader finds 
himself unconsciously following the line of 
growth of those strong individual types with 
which her novels are filled, and comprehends 
the logical influence of every circumstance 
and event brought to bear upon their lives. 

On account of the comparatively slow 
production of her novels, she has acquired 
the reputation of grasping and appreciating 
thoroughly types of mind and thought, so 
that each of her characters becomes a living 
representative of some peculiar traits which 
every reader readily perceives. This shows 
her to be possessed of the power of drawing 
from study and meditation characters true 
to nature and the time, and it must be con- 
ceded to her that she possessed almost super- 
human power in observing human nature 
when we look at the occasions that have 
offered her the opportunities to study care- 
fully the peculiarities of man. 


As the winter passes away and we antici- 
pate with pleasure the approach of spring, 
in almost every student's mind the base- 
ball interest returns with undiminished 

The present outlook is that the season 
will be one of unusual rivalry in the Maine 
State Intercollegiate League. 

The four colleges will enter heartily into 
the contest, and Bowdoin and Colby, if not 
Bates and Maine State College, will have 
professional trainers. 

Just how our neighbors are equipped for 
the contest we do not exactly know, but 
judging from the excellent material we know 
them to have, and the hard training we hear 
they are doing, they will each present a strong 
nine. Now that the great Small is not 
to favor us with his presence on the dia- 
mond, the superiority of the Maine State 
College team is thereby doubtless rendered 
more uncertain — how uncertain this may be 
we will not venture to say, but we think it 
will be safe to assert that they will play a 
stiff game, as usual. 

Bates is remarkably strong in its battery, 
and, judging from the exhibition given here 
last fall, a team of sluggers ; at all events it 
will be a good plan to keep an eye on 

Colby, who has usually in years past been 
our most formidable rival in base-ball, is not 
behind this year in material and training. 
At present, during vacation. Madden of the 
Boston League team is training their battery, 
and we can only wait for the result of the 
games before we can form any estimate of 
their entire strength, though we are well 
aware that they have some of the best men 
in the league and a first-class battery. 

As for Bowdoin, there is no reason why 
she cannot hold up her end in the coming 
contest. It seems from the present outlook 
that the vacancies of '88's strong trio will be 



ably filled, and that in the box, Gary, '88, will 
be ably succeeded by Hilton, '91. 

It is impossible now to tell who will be 
chosen to fill the other vacancies, as there 
are several promising candidates. 

It is reasonable to suppose that our col- 
lege will come out with a strong nine in the 
spring, after a good winter's training under 
a professional trainer who will soon be se- 
cured, and under the efficient management 
of Captain Freeman, a good showing may be 

Under these circumstances it cannot fail 
to be one of the most exciting contests seen 
for years on our Maine college diamonds. 


It is generally said by college graduates 
that their chief neglect in college and the 
thing they most lament is failure to employ 
their time more in reading. 

There is evidentlj' the same lack among 
the students of to-day to improve the op- 
portunity which is furnished by our large 

While having a due regard for times of 
study, rest, and recreation, it seems as though 
our students pay too little attention to, and 
underestimate the importance of useful read- 
ing. If, instead of wasting time in reading 
cheap novels for recreation, we would spend 
more time in the library, it would be of far 
greater value to us, and if we read in the 
right spirit, would serve equally well for 
recreation. But if this were not the case, 
pleasure should be sacrificed to profit. 

When we say that a man is well read we 
think highly of his accomplishment, though 
his actual education may be very limited. 
But such a person certainly exerts more in- 
fluence on society than he otherwise could, 
and is far better prepared to mingle with its 
more refined elements. 

The standard of education to-day de- 
mands a range of knowledge which can only 

be acquired by extensive reading. If we go 
through college only to learn the lessons as- 
signed, we shall utilize only a small part of 
the advantages which college life presents 
to us. If we fail to appreciate the value of 
a general education, and neglect the impor- 
tant part, reading, we shall not be prepared 
to fill the positions to which our education 
may call us, especially in its practical appli- 
cation to professional life. 


The twenty-first annual meeting and din- 
ner of the Bowdoin Alumni Association of 
Boston and vicinity was held at the Boston 
Tavern, February 13th. Previous to the 
dinner an informal reception was held in an 
adjoining parlor, at which there was a pleas- 
ant interchange of greetings and congratula- 
tions. At the business meeting the following 
ofiicers were elected for the ensuing year : 
President, Hon. W. W. Rice, '46; Vice-Pres- 
ident, Hon. C. U. Bell, '63 ; Secretar}^ Ar- 
thur T. Parker, '76 ; Assistant Secretary, 

E. U. Curtis, '82; Executive Committee, A. 
M. Jones, '60, F. A. Hill, '62 ; Henry Stone, 
'52, G. M. Whittaker, '72, W. E. Spear, '70, 

F. V. Wright, '76, W. W. Northend, '80, and 
W. G. Reed, '82. 

The meeting having adjourned, the com- 
pany, preceded by the retiring president, Au- 
gustine Jones, of Providence, and Gen. J. L. 
Chamberlain, a former president of the col- 
lege, and Prof. F. C. Robinson, who were the 
guests of the evening, marched to the dining- 
room and took seats at the table. 

President Jones, at the conclusion of the 
singing of the college hymn, called upon 
Professor Robinson to tell something about 
the college. Professor Robinson said the 
■past year had been a prosperous one. There 
is a good feeling among the students. Im 
provements have been made which will 
keep the college abreast of the times. Prof. 



Robinson said he believed Bowdoin College 
is giving to-day a course w^hich will compare 
favorably vrith that given in colleges v?ith 
which it would like to be compared, and 
excels that in colleges with which it comes 
in competition. More work in teaching is 
now being done than ever before. In closing 
he said : " Possibly if we did not have to 
spread what we have over so much we would 
not spread it quite so thin. I am glad I 
can go home and say there was never such 
a large and enthusiastic meeting as this." 

For the ministry, Dr. E. B. Webb spoke. 
He said he felt the State is really under great 
obligation to the college. It has reached an 
age when it should be better off than it now 
is. It is ninety-iive years old, and it is, as 
in the past, doing a noble work. In a retro- 
spective look. Dr. Webb awakened great en- 
thusiasm by speaking of Gov. Andrew, Pe- 
leg W. Chandler, who is ill at home, William 
L. Putnam, Joshua Chamberlain, Gen. O. O. 
Howard, and Rev. Cyrus Hamlin, who estab- 
lished Roberts College at Constantinople. 
Bowdoin has done well in the line of supply- 
ing to the country and the world Christian 
ministers. Dr. Webb said he wanted to 
see the spirit pervade the college which 
was there when he was a student. The 
college should send out seventy-five per 
cent, of its graduates for the next twenty, 
five years, if possible, for the ministry. The 
objection is raised that there is no pay in it; 
Dr. Webb said he thanked God for it ; 
the best work in this world has never been 
done for. pay and never will be. Harvard 
College, at the beginning, supplied fifty-five 
per cent, of its graduates to the ministry; 
to-day she supplies seven per cent. Yale, 
at the beginning, supplied seventy-five per 
cent. ; to-day but fifteen per cent. Unless 
there were too many at the beginning there 
are too few to-day. 

Speeches were also made by Rev. Cyrus 
Hamlin, '34, Eugene T. McCarthy, '82," ex- 

Gov. Henry J. Gardner, '38, Rev. Egbert C. 
Smythe, '48, Cassius C. Powers, '52, Oliver 
C. Stevens, '76, ex-President Joshua L. 
Chamberlain, '62, Chas. U. Bell, '63, Rev. 
Jotham Sewall, '48, Hon. W. W. Rice, '46. 

The meeting broke up with the singing 
of " Auld Lang Syne." 


Thirty-three graduates,with several guests, 
sat down to dinner in the Arlington Hotel, 
Washington, February 19th. 

A large picture of Longfellow, who grad- 
uated from Bowdoin in 1825, occupied a 
conspicuous position upon the mantel, sur- 
rounded on each side by banners of blue 
and white, the college colors. Chief Justice 
Fuller, the president of the association, pre- 
sided, and after a bountiful repast had been 
discussed, rose and felicitously expressed his 
thanks to the Alumni Association of Wash- 
ington for the honor they have bestowed 
upon him in choosing him president of such 
a distinguished bod}^ of men, and that he 
had particular cause to be grateful because 
a president is never supposed to be called 
upon to make a speech. Then, again, a chief 
justice is not looked for to say anything. So 
in view of these facts he would refer the 
further conduct of the proceedings to their 
worthy Brother Deane. 

Mr. Deane, who officiated as heretofore 
as an admirable toast-master, called for a col- 
lege song, so the old graduates rose and sung 
with as much fervor as though thej^ were 
college boys again. Professor Chickering 
read several letters of regret from members 
of the association out of town ; also a letter 
from President Hyde, which showed the col- 
lege to be in a very prosperous condition. 
The course of instruction has been length- 
ened, until now Bowdoin ranks favorably 
with any college of its size in the United 



States. During the last three years the 
number of students has increased sixty- 
seven per cent., and it was safe to say that 
such an increase would continue. 

Prof. H. L. Chapman, being called upon, 
spoke of the pleasure it gave him to meet 
with his Washington brethren, and then 
went on at some length to speak of the col- 
lege as it is now, of its satisfactory advance- 
ment and its further needs. He spoke feel- 
ingly of the old teachers at Bowdoin and 
their peculiar characteristics — of Professors 
Smyth, Upham, and others — and he was often 
broken in upon by some one of those present 
who remembered vividly some of the old 
teachers' ways. 

Another stirring college song, entitled 
" The Whispering Pines," followed. 

Speeches were made by Hon. W. W. 
Thomas, ex-Minister to Sweden, Hon. Will- 
iam P. Drew, and Gen. Ellis Spear. 

Hon. L. D. M. Sweat spoke next in regard 
to the distinguished law graduates of Bow- 
doin, and after a happy reference to Chief Jus- 
tice Fuller, proceeded to make a most graphic 
word-picture of that wonder of human forma- 
tion, that prodigy of genius, eloquence, wit, 
pathos, imagination, and logical power. Ser- 
geant S. Prentiss. 

Following upon the speech-making, Mr. 
J. N. Whitney paid a feeling tribute to the 
memory of one of their members, Henry 
Dunlap, recently deceased. 

The evening's entertainment closed, as 
usual, with singing "Auld Lang Syne." 

Among those present were : Rev. T. K. 
Noble, Rev. Dr. S. M.Noble, L. Deane, Chief 
Justice Fuller, Crosby S. Noyes, Hon. Hugh 
McCuUoch, Senator Frye, WiUiam P. Drew, 
Dr. G. S. Palmer, Rev. Dr. J. K. Mason, B. W. 
Pond, Winthrop Tappan, Israel Kimball, 
Richard Evans, Rev. Dr. W. S. Southgate, 
J. W. Butterfield, J.- N. Whitney, Rev. Dr. 
E. Whittlesey, W. H. Owen, Prof. J. W. 
Chickering, Hon. L. D. M. Sweat, Horace 

Piper, J. C. Strout, Charles Chesley, Judge 
W. B. Snell, Hon. W. W. Thomas, N. A. 
Bobbins, Gen. E. Spear, Charles H. Verrill, 
George G. Kimball, Col. J. H. Gilman, U. 
S. A., Israel Kimball, Stephen D. Fessenden. 

President Hyde's sermon at Welles- 
ley was printed in tlie Christian Union 
of February 7th. 

'91's Bugle Board is constituted as 

follows: A. T. Brown, Peabody, Mass. ; T. 

S. Burr, Bangor; H. S. Chapman, U. S. F. Lincoln, 

E. G. Loring, Brunswick; and W. W. Poor, Sebago. 

'90's Bugle has just gone to press. 

Mr. Blaikie's lecture in Upper Memorial, Satur- 
day evening, "How to Get Strong," is on a subject 
in which every Bowdoin man is interested, and every- 
body will be sure to attend. The nominal admission 
fee is merely to pay expenses. Sunday, under the 
auspices of the Y. M. C. A., Mr. Blaikie will give a 
valuable talk to men only, on Social Purity. 

Subjects for themes due to-day : Junior : 1. — The 
Monroe Doctrine. 2. — What Loss of Strength is en- 
tailed by a High Degree of Culture? Sophomore: 
1. — Shakespeare's Delineation of Brutus. 2. — To 
what Moral Fault is a College Student most Liable ? 

Professor Little made a flying trip to Massachu- 
setts last Saturday. 

'92 has purchased '89's boat, and will put a crew 
on the river in the spring. Possible candidates there- 
for are R. F. Bartlett, Lee, J. D. Merryman, Nichols, 
Osborne, Poore, Shay, Thompson, and Young. 

President Hyde's last Sunday chapel talk was a 
practical one, on the employment of time. He con- 
demned the practice of incessant visiting among 
college students, or, more plainly, of loafing in con- 
venient rooms. He cautioned against putting otf any 
kind of work until the time had nearly elapsed, and 
closed with a warning against the dangei'ous delay 
of accepting Christ. 



The Bowdoin delegates to the New England Col- 
lege Y. M. C. A. Convention at Worcester, 15th to 
17th, were C. F. Hersey, Neal, E. R. Stearns, Hub- 
bard, W. B. Mitchell, Sears, Cilley, Kiley, W. 0. 
Hersey, Kimball, J. D. Merryraan. President Her- 
sey reported for our College Y. M. C. A., addressed 
the Foreign Missions Volunteer Department, and 
helped conduct a meeting at West Boylston, Sunday 
morning. Bates sent eight delegates to the Conven- 
tion, and Colby, one. 

Air — "jTAe Owl and the Pussy-Cat.'* 
I went to my garden one summery morn. 

When the catnip and ghinko were green, 
And the leathery lark was a-tooting his horn. 

And the blue bat quizzing the queen; 
I sat me down on a cucumber vine. 

And wept for a week and a day, 
For the corkscrew came to that garden of mine, 

And rustled my turnips away. 

Then row, my brothers, and feather your blades. 

No blast from the billowy sea. 
No gibbering ghost from the shadowy shades 

Shall make sole-leather of we. 
Good-bye, farewell, each dingle and dell. 

We're bound for the Isle of Skye, 
Adown the river that floweth forever, 

Good-bye, my lassie, good-bye ! 

I woke one night when the ilive was sour. 

And the clothes-pins darkened the air; 
I lay and I listened for many an hour. 

To the song of the buUikin bear. 
She came in a basket from Blankety land. 

She fiddled, and fluted, and crew; 
When she fed me with salad all sugared with 

I didn't know what to do. 

My garden is dead and the leaves are all red, 

And yellow, and brown, and sere; 
I wish the turf it was over my head. 

And my pen-stock over my ear. 
I hear no more the katydid roar, 

Or the whistling woolly baboon, 
I long to soar to the emerald shore 

And live with the luminous loon. 

Booker doesn't think public office a public trust, 
O, no, but rather a private snap. Meanwhile we're 
all catcliing colds in the cold buildings. 

White, '89, attended the Governor's ball in Lew- 
iston, the 15th. 

While President Hyde is away the Seniors are to 
read and write an abstract of the first four chapters 
of Mills's " Utilitarianism." 

Freeman and Rogers, '89, Bartlett and Brooks, 
'90, Bragdon and Dyer, '91, Bean, Gummer, and 
Shay, have returned from teaching since our last 

We are paying S2.00 a term for gymnasium ac- 
commodations, and are forced to avail ourselves of 
them. Yet when we go in we find the temperature 
in the vicinity of zero, the water no hotter, and the 
bath-rooms afloat in a dirty ooze. If there is any 
sickness in college this winter it will not be from 
germs in drinking water, but from the negligently 
managed gymna«ium. The authorities should spur 
up laziness in others besides the students. 

The Glee Club opened the season at Augusta, the 
15th. Mann and Ward are the two new men. The 
club sing in Portland, the 28th. 

Many of the Faculty are connected with the new 
Brunswick Snow Shoe Club. 

It is gratifying to note that Mr. Guild's lectures 
are being so well attended. They are delightfully 
instructive and are arousing the greatest interest in 
Wordsworth among the students. They begin at 
eight o'clock sharp, so a prompt attendance would be 
highly acceptable. 

The nine trains vigorously every day just before 

Libby has rejoined '89. 
The assemblies have opened successfully. 
Among the alumni recently on the campus were 
D. H. Knowlton, '69, Merrill, Plummer and Pushor, 
'87, and M. P. Smithwick and Williamson, '88. 
Not of honor, rank or station. 

Not of battle, blood, or slaughter — 
But the subjects of my story 

Shall be mud, and slush, and water. 
Every year they came among us 

Our morality to test; 
How we come off in the contest 

Each one in his heart knows best. 
Many are the scenes they picture, 

But unto my mind they bring 
That of our own college campus 
In the near approaching spring. 
F. B. H. Heald is the Sophomore historian, and 
S. H. Erskine third on Committee of Arrangements. 
Snow-shoes are quite common on the campus. 
Professor Woodruff addressed the Y. M. C. A., a 
week ago Sunday. 

It is reported that Buffington, of the Philadelphias 
will coach the Bowdoin nine this winter. — Lewiston 

Moody, '90, is going out teaching again, at West 
Dresden, where he was last fall. 



'89's prize drill squad : Files, Captain ; Clark, ]^y- 
nam, Merrill, Neal, Rice, F. M. Russell, Stacey, and 

Merrill, '89, represented the Bowdoin chapter at 
the New England Delta Kappa Epsilon Alumni re- 
union in Boston, February 12th, and was one of the 
after-dinner speakers. 

Professor Chapman assigned some written work 
for the Seniors in English Literature, and the Juniors 
in Logic, during his recent absence. 

The Trustees should confer on Booker the G. B. 
degree, or an Emeritus title next Commencement, 
and then book a new man for the janitorship. 

Our editor-in-chief was chosen a member of the 
executive board of the New England Intercollegiate 
Press Association, at Boston on the 22d. 

The birthday of the revered G. W. was quietly 
celebrated on Bowdoin's campus. No demon- 
strations were heard, not even the familiar yell 
of "Who was George Washington?" Many of 
the boys ran home to remain over the Sabbath. In 
the evening many attended the Ruggles Street 
Church Quartette concert in the Town Hall, which ' 
was managed by Kelly, '91. 

Professor Charles F. Richardson in the Dartmouth 
Lit. for February, under the title, " The Haunts of 
the Book Lover," writes : " A library, of course, does 
not need to be Gothic, or huge, or dimly lit, or 
damp, in order to impress. Wisdom is the principal 
thing, and the books are the sanctifiei'S ; the shape 
and size of their abode, and its immediate surround- 
ings, may vary. Wherever books are gathered, 
there the book lover will be, — in the rambling al- 
coves hedging two sides of the Bowdoin chapel," 
and then goes on to put us in good company, by 
mentioning the Boston, Redwood, Astor, Lenox, Con- 
gressional, and other well known libraries of the 
country. Professor Richardson's two volumes on 
" American Literature" are to be found in the ram- 
bling alcoves of the Bowdoin library. 

The Senior examination in philosophy, on the 
12th, was rather a unique one, as will be seen from 
the following questions: 1. — Which of the pre-So- 
cratio philosophers represented the greatest truth ? 
2. — Was the Sophist teaching a help or a hindrance 
to the moral life of Greece ? 3. — State the argu- 
ments for the prosecution and defense in the case of 
Socrates. 4. — State the fundamental distinction be- 
tween the Platonic and American republics. 5. — 
Compare the teachings of Aristotle with those of 
Christianity on these points: Chief end of man. 
Importance of external goods. Essence of virtue 

or righteousness. The sphere of life in which 
happiness can best be realized. 6.— Give advice re- 
garding liquor drinking to a modern American on 
the basis of these schools of philosophy : Cynic, Cy- 
renaic. Stoic, and Epicurean. 

Somebody had cheek enough to send the Orient 
one of the circulars begging specimens for the Colby 
mineralogical cabinet. 

'43. — Mondaj', February 
1st, the new annex to the 
Essex County Court House was dedi- 
cated with simple but impressive cere- 
monies. In speaking of the addition, the 
Boston Globe remarked that it was chiefly 
through the energy of Hon. Wm. D. Northend, of 
Salem, that the work was accomplished. Among the 
numerous remarks which in no wise fail of being com- 
plimentary to this son of Bowdoin, the Olobe speaks 
thus : 

It is a trite saying that success treads on the heels of 
every right effort, and particularly is this true of the per- 
severance of Hon. William D. Northend, who has accom- 
plished his aim in securing for Essex County a court house, 
of which the people feel proud. He was the leading spirit 
iu the scheme at the outset, and his advice was sought for 
until the structure was completed, in order that the build- 
ing might be in every respect a model of convenience and 
an ornament as well. Mr. Northend, who is without 
question one of the ablest lawyers in the Commonwealth, 
was born in By tiekl , February 18, 1823. He was educated at 
Dummer Academy and Bowdoin College and was gradu- 
ated in 1843. He studied law with the late Ashael Hunt- 
ington of Salem, and was admitted to the Essex bar in 
1845. In 1861 and 18(i2 he was a member of the Massachu- 
sett's Senate, and at present is an overseer of Bowdoin 
College and a trustee of Dummer Academy. He is a very 
genial man, and held in high esteem by all classes. 

'66. — Isaac D. Balch died in Orange, N. J., Sat- 
urday, February 16th. He was born in Newbury- 
port, Mass., in April, 1834, and graduated at Bow- 
doin in 1856. He taught after graduation in Lim- 
ington Academy, the following year in Kennebunk- 
port, and in 1869 in Plaquemine, La. He then 
studied law in Newburyport, Mass., and two 
years later was admitted to the bar in Cincinnati, 
Ohio. During the war he served in the army in 
a Massachusetts regiment. He practiced law in 
Jersey City, N. J., and later entered into mercantile 



business in New York. For three years, Mr. 
Balch was first Deputy Collector of New York, 
having previously had an extended connection with 
the custom house. 

'57. — Rev. Cyrus Stone, D.D., died Friday, Febru- 
ary 15th. Dr. Stone was born in Jay, April, 1837, 
and was graduated from Bowdoin in 1857. After 
graduation he taught for two years in the Bridgton 
Academy, and the two following years was tutor in 
this college. He pursued theological study in the 
Bangor Seminary, completing his course in 1863. 
He was ordained into the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and since that time has filled several of the leading 
positions in the East Maine Conference, and was 
somewhat later transferred to the Maine Conference. 
In 1874, Wesleyan University conferred upon him the 
degree of D.D. 

'75. — Horace True, a gradnate of the Cony High 
School, Augusta, and of Bowdoin College, has been 
elected to fill the position of assistant principal in 
the Augusta High School, the position lately filled 
by Mr. C. A. Brick. 

'84. — Mr. Knight, who has for some years been 
residing in Brunswick, is now teaching the Alfred 
High School. 

'88. — M. P. Smithwick will soon lecture in Vinal- 
haven upon the subject of Science, as illustrated by 
Physics, Chemistry, and the like. 

'88. — H. L. Shaw is canvassing in New York, not 
in South Carolina as reported. 

'88.— Mr. H. C. Hill, of Cape Elizabeth, who has 
been principal of the high school at Pembroke, dui'- 
ing the past winter, has completed his engagement 
there. After a week's rest, Mr. Hill will assume the 
duties of principal of Patten Academy, until the 
close of the spring term in May. 


The following corrections to the alumni list have 
been lately sent us : 

'33. — Rev. Geo. F. Tewksbury has moved to Ox- 
ford, Maine. 

'40.— S. L; Young, M.D., moved to South Port- 
land, Me. 

'43.— W. W. Caldwell, Central Street, Somer- 
vilie, Mass. 

'60. — Rev. Chas. S. Perkins, Lyndon, Vt. 

'63. — Chas. W. H. Hussey, Marbleliead, Mass. 

'63.— Rev. Chas. C. Watson, 187 Salem Street, 
Maiden, Mass. 

'65.— Rev. J. E. FuUerton, Brighton, Mass. 

'75. — J. P. Virgin, M.D., Weymoutli, Mass. 

'84. — Henry M. Wright, Hingham, Mass. 

'87. — Lewis Gahan, Brunswick, Me. 

Columbia is still looking for a suitable mftn to 
fill her presidency. 

Harvard is soon to erect a new dormitory, which 
will cost $200,000. 

Yale has fourteen candidates in daily training for 
the 'Varsity crew. 

At Cornell, attendence at recitations has recently 
been made optional. 

Haverford and Lehigh have adopted the cap and 

Clark University, now in rapid process of con- 
struction, will open next October. It will be an 
institution for a post-graduate course in Physical and 
Mental Science. 

The new Catholic University of Washington has 
already got subscriptions amounting to $8,000,000. 
It will open its halls to students October 6, 1889. 

The Board of Overseers at Harvard are consider- 
ing the subject of making chapel attendance compul- 
sory again. 

The Madisonensis publishes a fine article on 
" Some Harvard Innovations," setting forth the in- 
fluence Harvard has established in fixing precedents 
and giving greater freedom to students. 


He plays upon the college nine; 

He hears the eager crowd 
Applaud his tlirows and catches tine, 

Witli cheering long and loud. 
He runs— half mad with joy we meet 

In vehement embrace; 
"When once we see his nimble feet 

Have safely touched the base. 

Again he plays — but no applause 

Is heard among the throng; 
Both reverence and college laws 

Declare such acting wrong. 
Each quiet in his chapel seat, 

We keep a solemn face, 
And wonder if his nimble feet 

Will safely touch the bass. 

— Williams GuL, '90. 



Amherst is preparing a very elaborate display of 
catalogues, publications, photographic views, and 
other things of intei-est for the Paris Exposition. 

— Williams Weekly. 

During the past year' Princeton has had more 
men appointed to college professorships than any 
other American institution. — Undergraduate. 

Seven magazines are published under the au- 
spices of Johns Hopkins. — Ex. 

The Alleghany Institute of Virginia has been 
sold to a syndicate for §35,000. — Princetoniaii. 


Her hand in mine I gently pressed, 
With mingled hopes and fears unguesaed, 

And dread despair. 
She did not speak, or blush betray; 
She did not draw her hand away 

Or seem to care. 

My wayward heart cried " Haste! make haste! " 
My awkward arm stole round her waist, — 

Could fate be false ? 
The music's measures were forgot. 
And then I asked her, — yoii know what, — 
" Is this a waltz? " 

— Harvard Lampoon. 
The Senior class at Williams has twice elected 
class officers, and both times they have declined to 
serve, and consequently the class has decided to 
have no class-day. — Amherst Student. 

We clip the following from the Tale Record : 
A loafer — a haker. 
A caucus — a crow. 
Has a Grecian bend — /?. 
A watchman — a jeweler. 
A poetical bird — the raven. 
A sharper — a knife grinder. 
A regular clipper — a barber. 
A bad man for a tailor — Dunne. 
Gaiters — a spoony young couple. 
Ground his teeth— the saw maker. 
A boy-cot — the Freshman's couch. 
A strong stare -the State House steps. 

Forty-four Freshmen were dropped at Cornell 
during the last examinations. 

There are ninety- five graduates of other colleges 
studying at Harvard. 

The University of Illinois is soon to have a gym- 
nasium expressly for ladies. 

Brown is to spend $2,000 for base-ball, of which 
$1,300 was raised at the first meeting. 

There were fifty-seven candidates for Yale's 
Freshman crew, and forty for Harvard's. 

Fifty men are training at Harvard for places 
on the Mott Haven team. 

At the Boston Tech. each man, after his first year, 
is put under the care of some one of the professors, 
who acts as his adviser during the rest of his course. 

One of the New Haven police force has a club 
made from a post of the old Yale fence. 

The University of Vermont has a library of 
36,500 volumes. 

During the past year the number of instructors 
at the University of Minnesota has been increased 
from thirty-two to one hundred and four. 


The New Biology, or the Trde Science of Life. 

By M. J. Barnett. Boston: H. H. Carter and Karrick, 

1888. 12mo., pp. 145. 

Whatever may be said against the doctrines set 
forth in this book, or in favor of them, the fact re- 
mains that the items of truth to be found between 
its covers are numerous. The first chapter, on " The 
Old and the New," arraigns in a very pithy manner 
the statement so often made, that the world was 
better in the past than it is at pi'esent. " Throwing 
a false glamour upon the past," says our author, " is 
a stumbling block in the way of progress. It deters 
one from fully appreciating and utilizing the pres- 
ent. Lot's wife looked back and turned into a pillar 
of salt. Turning away from the new and looking 
back uf)on the old is a petrifying process, and its 
effect upon us is well symbolized by a pillar of salt. 
The expression often uttered with a sigh, ' the good 
old days,' casts a reflection Upon the present. It 
implies that yesterdays are better than to-days, which 
is a great mistake. To-day is belter than yesterday, 
and to-morrow will be better than to-day. The 
world and its inhabitants are further advanced to-day 
than ever they have been before within historic ages. 
There are always certain individuals who are remark- 
ably in advance of their race. There have also been 
ages in the past in which certain races have been 
remarkably developed in some one direction. They 
have perhaps been far beyond us in certain arts and 
sciences, but as a whole they have not been so 

developed One, as a child of ten years, 

may be able to spin a top or fly a kite more dexter- 
ously than as a man of forty, but would we consider 
that the individual had therefore retrograded instead 
of advanced ? " 

Leaving out of account the style, which might be 
improved, and considering the sentiment alone, this 
passage is good. It impresses upon the reader in a 
simple and taking way what can never be too 



persistently enjoined — tlie fact that the conception of 
" good old times " is a chimera. 

In the chapter on ' ' Th& Present and Ihe Future " are 
a few sentences worthy of attention : " There is much 
cantin the various religious sects of the day to the mis- 
taken purport that the sooner we are taken out of this 
life the better it is for us, as though God had made a 
mistake in placing us here. Thousands among the 
ignorant are encouraged in this morbid sentimental- 
ity by the fervid liymus that extol the bye and bye, 
as though it were a blessed escape from the miseries 
of the present life. It seems a grave error in any 
system of philosophy or religion, to lament this mor- 
tal life, which is now ours, to regard it only as an 
affliction to be endured with resignation, and to feel 

that all happiness lies in the future It is a 

curious fact that it is principally among devout 
Christians that we find this mistaken view of life. 
It is they who seem to think that the sooner God 
repairs his blunder in placing us here, the better it 
will be for us. We fail to discover any such view in 
the teachings of their professed Master and Christ." 

Here is something for the i-eligious croakers who 
far from committing the error of entertaining the 
illusion of "good old times" go to the opposite 
extreme and concentrate themselves lugubriously 

upon the remote future. It is well enough to bear in 
mind that we are given residence upon this earth for 
other purposes than ^to occupy ourselves entirely with 
longing for an exit. 

The bulk of the book before us is taken up with 
explanations and examples of mental healing. It 
would be out of place to discuss the nature of this 
"new science," as its adherents call it. There is a 
true principle underlying "mind cure," but whether 
it is as comprehensive and far reaching as its advo- 
cates would have us believe, is open to doubt. 

The essay as a whole impresses us more favorably 
than previous effusions of this author have done. 

The typographical execution is fair, and the bind- 
ing good. 

Notes on the Early Training of Children. By 

Mrs. Prank Malleson. Third Edition. Boston: D.C. 

Heath & Co., 1887. 12mo., pp. 127. 

The purpose of this little book is to tell how to 

"train up a child in the way " he should grow, — a 

conundrum that doubtless presents diiRculties to many 

fond parents. The problem is elucidated in a series 

of nine well-written and interesting chapters, dealing 

with various topics of nursery economy. The book 

has already passed through two editions and is well 

worthy of the popularity it has achieved. 



Room 5, No. 3 Somerset Street, BOSTON, MASS. 


Patrons who give us early notice of vacancies in their 
scliools, will secure from tliis office the record of carefully 
selected cadidates .suited to the positions to be filled, for 
any grade of school, or for school supervision. 

No charge to school officers for services rendered. 


Now is the Time to Kegister for accidental vacan- 
cies and for repeated openings of the new scliool year. 
Not a week passes when we do not have calls for teachers. 
Soon the late autumn and winter supply will he called for. 

Forms and Circulars sent free. 


Yon have peculiar facilities for reaching out over the whole, 
United States second to no agency in the country. We shall not 
forget you. 

Monson Academy. D. M. D. 

Thanks tor your promptness. Your information was ample, 
and candidates cxcelient and more satisfactory than those sug- 
gested by the other agencies I named. 

Wilcox Female Institute, Camden, Ala. C. S. D. 

I desire to thank you for the very able manner in which you 
assisted me in obtaining a teacher. 

Middletown, Conn. E. H. W. 

I fully believe that you conduct the best Teachers' Bureau in 
the nation, and shall not fail to seek your aid in the near future. 

E. T. P. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

The position I have received through your aid is most satis- 
factory, and I thank you for securing it for me. 

A. W. T. 
Marlow, N. H. 

I wish to thank you for the excelleat work you have done 
for me. 

Springfield, Mass. H. E. C. 

HIRAM ORCUTT, Manager, 3 Somerset St., Boston. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 16. 





F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. Watts, '8i', Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Steaens, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

D. E. Owen, '89. T. C. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Exti-a copies cau \>e obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in rejarard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-OSice at Brunswick as Second-Glass Mall Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 16.-March 13, 1889. 

The Consequence, 209 

Editorial Notes • 209 

The Value ot Mathematics 210 

Examinations, 211 

Smoke Rings 212 

The Chapel Bell 212 

Self-Conceit 212 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 213 

Personal 215 

In Memoriam 216 

College World, 217 

Book Reviews, 218 


Night after night those wailings came 

Without a sign of ceasing. 
We thought they'd stop, but then alas ! 

They seemed to be increasing. 

Now what could be the cause of this ? 

No one of us could guess it — 
It dawned at last. The Spring had come,- 

The poet must address it. 

Next night we lay beside his door 
There, no one else could know it. 

Burst in upon the suffering man 

And slew that blamed Spring Poet. 

We are glad to publish another article 
on the subject of examinations. There is cer- 
tainly a chance for reform in this direction. 
Under the present arrangement they amount 
to nothing. 

The Orient will be glad to hear from 
any one on the subject. 

If there is any place where a man ought 
to show himself a gentleman it is in chapel. 
Noisy demonstrations are entirely out of place, 
and a sense of decencj'' ought to restrain a 
man from indulging in such proceedings. 
Of late several students have won unenvi- 
able distinction for themselves by disturbing 
chapel exercises by childish demonstrations 
that would be out of place anywhere. If 
such men have no regard for the character 
of the exercise, they could at least remember 
that others have, and gain something of com- 
mon decency by behaving themselves. 

College poetry has a place of its own in 
our literature. Usually it is bright and witty. 
Sometimes serious and very often possessed 
of marked excellences. It can claim for 
itself originality and beauty of expression, 
and it strikes a responsive chord in the hearts 
of those who appreciate verse. 

In the quantity and quality of its poetry 
Bowdoin does not hold an inferior place. In 



the files of the Orient and Bugle, and even 
before the birth "bi these publications, will 
be found " Many a gem of purest ray, serene," 
which is worthy of perpetuation in a volume 
of Bowdoin Lyrics. 

In several colleges undergraduates have 
done good work in this direction. It would 
be an excellent thing if some lover of the 
Muse would collect the poems and songs of 
Bowdoin, scattered through nearly a century 
of eventful history, and bind them into a 
volume, a copy of which every son of Bow- 
doin would be glad to possess. 


There is probably no student in college 
to whom the study of mathematics is more 
distasteful than to the writer ; and, paradox- 
ical as it may seem, there are, perhaps, few 
who more keenly appreciate its worth, or 
would more ardently advocate its pursuit. 
To the full thinker there are three essentials : 

First, he must be an accurate thinker, 
one who thinks along logical lines. He 
must not infer; he must not trust to the 
oftentimes ambiguous trend of events ; he 
must not drift into those gauzy generalities 
which are continually floating before the 
active mind, like the ever-changing vistas in 
a fairy-land of thought. 

Secondly, he must be a consecutive 
thinker, one who considers clearly and com- 
pletely but one topic or one phase at a time. 
This method of division may limp, in that 
accurate thinking implies consecutive think- 
ing ; but it seems to us that there is a dis- 
tinction between the two, which we have not 
the space, and perhaps not the art, to indi- 
cate. John Stuart Mill says of Hobbes, that 
he was one of the most " consecutive think- 
ers" of his time. England's greatest states- 
man is such an one. In his study are three 
desks. The first is devoted to duties of 
State, the second to literary work, and the 

third to private correspondence ; and he pos- 
sesses the rare faculty of changing from one 
to the other and concentrating his whole 
mind on the subject in hand. The " grand 
old man " does not allow the outposts of one 
line of thought to confiiot with those of an- 
other. In short, he is a consecutive thinker. 

Thirdly, he must be a broad thinker, one 
who can raise himself above stifling details 
and command a bird's-eye-view of his subject. 
He must be able to drop his chisel and mal- 
let, and step back and contemplate the whole 
poise and contour of the statue. He must- 
be able to mount into the realm of far-reach- 
ing ideas. 

Great characters there may have been, 
who did possess all of these characteristics; 
but a great mind that did not possess them, 
the world has yet to produce. Omit the first 
two, and you have an idealist, a dreamer. 
Omit the third, and you have that abomina- 
ble wart on the face of humanity, a bigot. 

That study of our college course, which 
is peculiarly adapted to the cultivation of 
the first and second essentials, is mathemat- 
ics. It teaches accuracy; it teaches atten- 
tion; it teaches method. Its principles, 
though often so subtly masked that we do 
not discover them, enter into every branch 
of study. It strengthens the cords and ten- 
dons of our intellectual being, and gives us 
a firmer grip upon ideas; it imparts sym- 
metry and strength to whole systems of 
thought, and clinches facts and principles. 
Aristotle, the greatest mind of antiquity, was 
a mathematician. The same may be said of 
Descartes, the founder of modern philosophy, 
and of Napoleon, the most unique and mys- 
tic genius of history. By far the greatest 
intellect of the present, and in some respects, 
of all generations, is that of Gladstone, 
already mentioned. While at Oxford he 
achieved the remarkable distinction of ex- 
celling in both classics and mathematics. 

Ralph Waldo Emerson has been about 



our only American philosopher, but he was 
not a great one. His mind wandered in mid- 
air ; he saw things which he could not prove. 
He could not materialize ; if he could have, 
he would have stood shoulder to shoulder 
with the world's greatest philosophers. Some 
of his lectures are characterized by Lowell 
as " a chaos full of shooting stars, a jumble 
of creative forces." This noble and inspir- 
ing man fell just a little short of greatness 
because he knew practically nothing of math- 
ematics. He could not think accurately 
and consecutively, like Descartes, Bacon, 
and Locke. 

How the third, and most important, es- 
sential may be developed falls without the 
range of our article. Suffice it to say that 
it is not developed by mathematics nor by 
any kindred study. 


In dealing with a necessary evil, it is 
very difficult to tell just what place to give 
to it. That in the present arrangement of 
the curriculums of colleges and academies, 
examinations are necessary, I think no one 
will den jr. It is also an acknowledged fact 
that they do not serve the purpose for which 
they were designed. Indeed, so far as they 
urge on the student to a mere superficial 
knowledge, sufficient only to pass the re- 
quired test, whether by fair means or foul, 
they are decidedly an evil. 

The real object of an examination is to 
find out just how much the student knows 
of the work which he has been over. For 
this reason they are made as broad and com- 
prehensive as possible. Now it is obvious 
that in so making out the examinations the 
professor is in the right, and so far there is 
no harm in them. It is in the student that 
the fault seems to lie. Instead of complying 
with the wishes of his instructor, and telling 

just what he knows, very often one examina- 
tion paper represents the combined efforts 
of ten or a dozen students. 

It is a verj' little matter if one lacks just 
one point in a mathematical demonstration 
to ask one's neighbor for assistance, but in 
so doing he insures the defeat of the very 
object for which the examination was given. 
Men will do this who would scorn to do any 
other dishonest act, and yet I fail to see any 
justification for it. It is of course impossi- 
ble for a professor to fathom all modes of 
deception, and we could hardly justify him 
for looking over a man's shoulder during a 
whole exercise. For a competitive exami- 
nation this fault is rectified, but it is not ex- 
pedient to have every examination competi- 

One solution of the difficulty occurs to 
me which seems worth trying, at least. After 
a whole term's work a professor ought to 
know, with quite a degree of certainty, what 
standing a man has earned, and how thor- 
ough his efforts have been, from daily recita- 
tions. Instead, therefore, of having a test 
at the end of the term, in which a little su- 
perficial knowledge may count doubly more 
than hard, honest work, why not let the pro- 
fessor consider the whole term's work an 
examination, and decide from that? To be 
sure this is done now to a certain extent in 
the keeping of daily rank, but it seems to 
me that examinations as now conducted are 
only an evil, and it would be better to do 
the way suggested above. 

Possibly, as a student, I see only the neg- 
ative side of this question, and never having 
presided over such examinations am not 
competent to judge. But, on the other hand, 
so a professor sees only their good side, if 
there be one, and as it is only by a thorough 
comprehension of both sides that any lasting 
good can come, it may not be time lost for a 
student to set forth the idea of examinations 
as seen by one who is behind the scenes. 



I'm sitting to-night by the fire-light, 

In the glad old college hall ; 
The Iragrant jet from the cigarette 

Doth dreamily rise and fall. 

The dear old house mid the leafy dome, 
And the hamlet down below. 

Come floating back on the bounding track 
Of mem'ries ebb and flow. 

The happy gleams of faded scenes ; 

The school-room carved and dun, 
The little girl with the golden curl, 

Soft eye and rippling fun. 

Ah, pure old scene, from memory's sheen. 

You shame this dizzy strife. 
To-night I'm sad. on the morrow glad ; 

Ha, ha ! 'tis college life ! 


There is, perhaps, no one of the college 
appurtenances which leads a more precarious 
existence than the bell. In almost all institu- 
tions there are legends clinging about these 
brazen-tongued heralds, which we accept or 
not, according to the measure of probability 
contained in their narration. 

Although for the past twenty years our 
present bell has chimed on in peace, it has 
not always been free from Sophomoric as- 
sault, and Freshman escapades. It Avas placed 
in the tower of the chapel two or three years 
after that structure was reared, its venerable 
predecessor having been thrown into the 
Androscoggin two miles below the present 
site of the boat-house. The first molestation 
which it sustained was a few years after it 
was hung, when it was thrown into 'very 
deep water off Mason's rock. It was speedily 
recovered, however, and remained untouched 
in its old position until about the year 1862. 
It was then that occurred the oft-told tale, 
in which it was inverted, filled with a com- 
pound of coal-ashes and water, and entrusted 
to the severity of one of our Maine winter 
nights. It is needless to remark that on the 
morrow it was dumb, and that its usually 

ready tongue was only set free after a liberal 
gargle of Dr. Condon's Cast-Steel Tonic. 

About two years later it was treated to 
its second bath in the waters of the Andros- 
coggin. It was taken down on the outside 
of the chapel, and carried out through the 
Longfellow pines and across the Delta to a 
point near the President's house, no partic- 
ular care being taken to erase the traces of 
the course taken. At this point it was placed 
upon a pair of confiscated wagon-wheels, 
which happened to be nearby, and conveyed 
in a nearly opposite direction by the way of 
McKeen Street to a point just above the 
Lewiston railroad bridge, and cast into the 
river. Whether or not this course was pur- 
sued as a ruse, or whether the participants 
belonged to that still-surviving class of sub- 
lunary ambulators who are wont to direct 
their steps thitherward, we know not ; but 
one thing is certain, that their course was 
either traced or divined, and by midnight 
the bell was safely deposited upon the chapel 
steps. It is said to have required five myr- 
midons of the janitor to extract it from the 
river and escort it back. It is also stated 
that the object of leaving it in that position 
was to convey to the student-body the im- 
pression that the vandals, conscience-stricken, 
had brought it back themselves. Happy de- 
lusion ! 

The old bell has been rung and re-rung; 
it has told of victory and it has tolled for de- 
feat; it has been re-tongued and re-roped; 
but never since has its lofty resting-place 
been invaded by any predatory Spirit. May 
it ring on unmolested; only we are fondly 
looking forward to the morn when it will 
ring for optional chapel. 


The majority of students have, with more 

or less consciousness, formed a notion of 

their own worth, if not to the outside world, 

at least to themselves. And this idea, how- 



ever little foundation it may have, is adhered 
to with remarkable firmness. The greater 
part of mankind appear never to have con- 
sidered the question whether.they really pos- 
sess points of excellence. They adopt it as 
a matter truly self-evident, and seem to be- 
lieve in their vs'orth on the same grounds on 
which they assure themselves of their own 
existence. Self-esteem, like gymnasium work, 
is of great value when taken properly, but 
when participated in violently and to a great 
degree very often proves injurious. 'Self- 
esteem is to be admired when it goes no 
farther than self-esteem, but when it becomes 
so magnified and perverted as to make one 
believe that he is an object of admiration and 
influence, it ceases to be a virtue and easily 
becomes an imperfection in one's character 
which we all recognize as self-conceit. 

When one is highly favored with such an 
abundance of self-sufficiency it does not take 
long for a person to recognize it. We meet 
him in almost every place and he is easily 
recognized as he generall}'^ carries his head 
tipped well back, an artificial smile on his 
face, in short, with a sort of self-satisfied air 
about him. In company he persists in talk- 
ing continually on the false supposition that 
be is conferring upon his fellows the siftings 
of profound wisdom. Of course he talks 
mainly about himself and lengthens his ex- 
periences with glowing words and praises for 
his own talents. He seems to think that he 
is made of more than common clay and that 
there is certainly something about him that 
is divine. In his own estimation he thinks 
that no one is more talented, and that all 
those who have not the honor of his ac- 
quaintance are deprived of the great pleas- 
ure of life. He would be a deserving object 
of pity if he did not appear so happy in his 
conceit, but as it is we despise him. 

This self-conceit is, to a great degree, 
brought about by our eagerness to excel in 
some line of sport or some other pursuit. 

After we have participated in these things 
we compare ourselves generally with our sup- 
posed inferiors and necessarily reach a con- 
clusion in our favor ; but if we were to ask 
ourselves, " Have we made a just compari- 
son ? " " On what grounds are we rightly 
superior ? " we would at once find our con- 
clusion groundless, and also that we are no 
better than our fellows. 

Editor Tenney of the Telegraph vis- 
ited the gj'mnasium recently and ed- 
itorially speaks highly of the boys' 
gymnastic abilities. 

Harriman, ex-'89, is teaching school at New Port- 

Fish, '91, has been elected captain of the Pejepscot 
Canoe Club lately formed in Brunswick. 

E. A. Thompson, '91, took part in "Enlisted for 
the War," given by the Franklin Family School two 
weeks ago. 

Briggs is contined at home by illness for the 
remainder of the term. Thompson, '91, takes his 
place at the loan desk in the library. 

There has been a rich crop of adjourns lately. 

The gymnastic exhibition will occur March 27th. 
The participants are training steadily. 

Alumni recently in town : Hon. A. F. Moulton, 
'73, Wm. T. Cobb, '77, and Hon. A. L. Lumbert, '79. 

Recent accessions to the library : Max O'Rell's 
"John Bull, Jr."; Bryce's "American Common- 
wealth"; the final volume of " Encycloptedia Brit- 
tanica"; Maine's " International Law" ; John Fiske's 
"Critical Period of American History"; Nicolas's 
"History of the Royal Navy"; " Robert Elsmere " ; 
Karl Kron's " 10,000 Miles on a Bicycle," and the 
Boston Directory for 1840. This latter consists 
of 450 l^mo pages with nearly 18,000 names. 
Among them it is curious to read, "Hawthorne, 
Nathaniel, measurer, Custom House"; "Holmes, 



Oliver W.. physician, 35 Tremont row " ; " Sumner, 
Charles, counsellor, 4 Court, h. 20 Hancock": and 
" Winthrop, Robert C, counsellor, 11 Court, h. 21 

The last themes of the term are due to-day. Sub- 
jects : Junior — 1. Wordsworth ; 2. Should the State 
capital be located at Portland ? Sophomore — 1. Inter- 
oceanic Canals ; 2. The Development of the Body. 

The '68 Prize has dwindled down to $40. 

Up to March 6th tliere were 72 names registered 
at the Medical School. The following college men 
are among them : Bowdoin, C. E. Adams, '84, F. N. 
Whittier, '85, C. F. and H. M. Moulton, '87, and 
W. H. Bradford, '88. Amherst, N. C. Haskell, '87. 
Bates, B. G. W. Cushman, '85, J. H. Manson, '87, 
J. K. P. Rogers, '88, and W. J. Pennell and F. E. 
Strout, '90. Colby, C. A. Whitney, '82, A. B. Towns- 
end, '85, and C. P. Small and H. A. Smith, '86. 
Yale, F. H. Dodge, '84. Nicolet College and Laval 
University, Quebec, Canada, P. C. Beaumier. Total 
17, against 20 college men in a class of 82 last year. 

Hon. William Blaikie of New York gave two 
interesting lectures in Memorial Hall, March 2d and 
3d. He is somewhat of an orator and excels as a 
story teller and jDunster. There has been some desire 
for the story of his life, so we subjoin a biography in 
place of an abstract. Mr. Blaikie was born in York, 
N. Y., 24 May, 1843. He graduated at Harvard in 
1866 and at the Harvard Law School in 1868. In the 
following year he accompanied the Harvard crew to 
England as their secretary and treasurer. After a 
year as pardon clerk in the Attorney-General's office 
at Washington, and two years as assistant in the 
U. S. attorney's office at New York, he entered into 
active practice in the latter city in January, 1873. 
For eight years he was commissioner of the U. S. 
court of claims. He has written two poijular works 
on physical training, one of which may be found in 
the library. 

The ice and water on the campus last week made 
walking rather hazardous. A prominent Orient 
man distinguished himself by an undignified descent 
into a pool anything but clean. He consoled himself 
with the thought that the Bible says the wicked 
stand in slippery places, but it doesn't say anything 
about their failing in them. The righteous do that. 

F. J. C. Little, '89, has gone to take the place of 
H. C. Hill, '88, as principal of Patten Academy. Mr. 
Hill had to retire owing to trouble with the eyes. 

Young, '92, is having a fine steam launch built in 

The candidates for the battery are Thompson, 

'90, Burleigh, W. M. Hilton, Downes and Gately, 
pitchers, and Freeman, '89, F. M. Russell, and Fish, 
catchers. A professional is expected to coach the 
team. Buffington was unable to come, as reported. 
The Glee Club sang to good houses in Portland, 
February 28th, and Berwick, March 1st. They give 
a concert in Brunswick March 19th. 

Pulling on the chest weights. 

Running on the track. 
Fooling on the parallels. 

Just to get the knack. 
Now his shapely form he twists, 

While all gaze from afar, 
In graceful evolutions 

Round the horizontal bar. 

Then he tries the tumbling, 

And strives in vain to get 
That quite deceptive little trick, 

The backward somerset. 
At last the dressing-room he seeks, 

Convinced that he will see 
Himself a famous athlete. 

And he possibly may be. 

Prof. Robinson served very acceptably as moder- 
ator for the Brunswick town meeting, March 4th. 

Young, '92, attended the inauguration at Wash- 

Lynam, '89, is giving lessons in boxing. 

Saturday evening, February 23d, an enjoyable 
musicale was given by Prof, and Mrs. Pease. 

Thursday evening, February 28th, the college was 
pretty well out. It was the regular Y. M. C. A. 
night, and the Glee Club concert in Portland, a 
drama at the Franklin Family School, and a minstrel 
company in the Town Hall all claimed the boys' 

Stories of Tom Reed are always in order. An 
alumnus tells us that one noon at the club table while 
in college Mr. Reed became angry at certain remarks 
that were made. " Say that again and I'll dash this 
glass of water over you," he said. The challenge 
was promptly accepted, but no sooner were the 
words out of the offender's mouth than the water was 
thrown into his face, wetting of course both his 
clothing and the table linen. The doughty Thomas 
resumed his meal in peace. 

The Cornell Era some time ago published a poem 
on "The Naughty Greek Girl," which was credited 
as original to the Rochester Gamims. The poem was 
written by Prof. J. B. L. Soule, Bowdoin, '40, and first 
saw print in the Chicago Advance, March 15, 1877. 



Prof. Lee lectured at Fryeburg Academy on South 
America, a week ago Monday evening, Prof. Chap- 
man before the Central Club, Bangor, on Macbeth, 
and Prof. Woodruff at Vassalboro, on Greece. 

The Lewiston Journal says: "The Bowdoin 
Orient bewails the lacli of a real soulful poet in its 
classic halls — a complaint that is simply incompre- 
hensible in view of the fact that within the covers of 
the same issue of this publication are found truly 
poetic lines which must touch a sympathetic chord in 
the breast of evei-y lover of Nature." The " College 
Song" of our last is quoted in illustration. Journal, 
that song wasn't written by a poet in these classical 
halls — it came from the pen of a jovial alumnus. 
Another alumnus sends us the following song of old 
college days set to a popular tune of the present : 

" Here's to good old Prex (Leonard Woods) 

Drink him down, drink him down, 
Here's to good old Prex, 

Drink him down, drink him down, 
Here's to good old Prex, 
How he hates the female sex. 

Drink him down, drink him down. 

Drink him down, down, down. 

"Here's to good old Cleave (Parker Cleaveland), etc., 
May he never take his leave, etc. 

" Here's to good old Ferox (William Smyth) etc.. 
For he gives us the dry knocks," etc. 

Prof. Chapman is now reading some of Shaks- 
pere's plays to the Seniors in connection with the 
course in English Literature. Prof. Chapman has 
carefully studied the great dramatist and renders 
him in an appreciative manner. He is in no way 
inferior to the celebrated Cliurchill of Andover. 

Perkins, '92, has left college. 

A Fryeburg Academy Alumni Association of 
Bowdoin, similar to the Exeter and Andover Clubs at 
Harvard, was formed on the 6th instant. It was 
voted to hold a supper at the Toritine in the near 
future. The following officers were elected : Mr. 
D.M.Cole, '84, President; C. E. Riley, '87, Vice- 
President; J. Z. Sliedd, '86 (M. S.) Secretar}'-Treas- 
urer; Committee of Arrangements, F. M. Stiles, '87 
(M. S.), R. F. Chase, Jr., and F. Durgin, '88. There 
are some eleven Fryeburg men in college and five in 
the Medical Schox)l. 

It vyas at the dinner table, and " Mul " was de- 
fending the unknown persons who recently smashed 
the door in North Maine. "You see, they were 
locked in and were compelled to break the door 
down." " Why not go out the windows?" " No '90 
man could ever humble himself to go through a 

window." A wan ghost of a smile came over the 
face of a Senior as he thought of the scene enacted at 
the Mathematical Room one winter's night, and of 
the dignity of '90 on that occasion. 

We have received the Freeport annual Town 
Reports, which include a carefully prepared and well 
written report of the Supervisor of Schools. This 
position has been filled during the past year by C. L. 
Mitchell, '89. 

March 7th, '89 elected the officers who will serve 
on Class Daj', June 25th. It is a pleasure to add 
that the utmost good feeling characterized the elec- 
tion : President, G. L. Rogers, Wells ; Vice-President, 
F. J. Libby, Auburn ; Marshal, F. Lynam, Bar Har- 
bor ; Chaplain, C. F. Hersey, North Waterford ; 
Orator, G. W. Hayes, Lewiston ; Poet, F. H. Hill, 
Cape Elizabeth ; Opening Address, T. S. Crocker, 
Paris ; Historian, W. M. Emery, New Bedford, Mass. ; 
Prophet, F. J. C. Little, Jefferson ; Parting Address, 
L.Prentiss, Saco ; Odist, W. S. Elden, Waterville ; 
Committee on Arrangements, T. R. Clark, New Port- 
land, G. Thwing, Farmington, E. B. Smith, Gardi- 
ner; Committee on Pictures, J. L. Dohertj', Houlton. 

Hon. A. F. Moulton, '73, of Portland, delivered 
his lecture, "A Trip Across the Continent," before 
the A. K. E. Chapter last Thursday evening. 

'42. — Franklin Wood- 
side, a well-known attor- 
ney of Roxbuiy, Mass., died at Carney 
Hospital, Febiuary 8th. He was a 
well-educated man, having graduated at 
Bowdoin and studied his profession with the 
late John J. Clark. He never was especially devoted 
to legal studies and hence never became a learned 
jurist, but he was a well-read and useful lawyer. 
Outside of law he was a man of clear and profound 
thought. In religious views, he was a firm believer 
and profound student of the doctrines of the Catholic 
church. As a party manager he occupied a unique 
position. Never a wire-puller or an office-holder, he 
was among the higher class of politicians a recog- 
nized force. Never a speaker among the crowd, he 
yet had influence with the few, and was known 
among his friends to be a man whose views on party 



politics could be safely followed. He was a delight- 
ful conversationalist, a little prolix, and at times 
prosy, but always pointed, sound and logical, giving 
good reasons for the faith that was in him. He was 
what may be called an eccentric man. He had no 
law office, but practiced his profession and held his 
councils on the street corners, in hotel lobbies and in 
the offices of friends, and in a small way lived much 
such a life as Socrates of old. Those who had the 
opportunity of drawing him out found in him a 
perennial source of rich thought and a companion 
well worth cultivating. 

'49. — The following extract was clipped from the 
Kennebec Journal, and although Mr. Wasson did not 
graduate, he is claimed as an honored son of Bow- 
doin : Mr. Arlo Bates, himself a Maine man and 
Bowdoin graduate, in his regular Boston letter to 
the Book Buyer, gives a high meed of praise to the 
personality of the late David At wood Wasson, a vol- 
ume of whose posthumous essays is soon to be pub- 
lished. Mr. Wasson was born in Brooksville in this 
State, and was a brother to Hon. Samuel Wasson, 
who was quite prominent in agricultural affairs in 
this State a score of years ago. Mr. Wasson was 
one of the clearest thinkers, most able writers and 
true philanthropists who ever lived. He was one of 
the original transcendentalists, the friend of Emer- 
son and Garrison, and by many regarded as the 
former's superior. A volume of his poems was pub- 
lished last year, which must surely grow in favor as 
the beauties of "Orpheus," "The Babes of God," 
and "A Confession " become better known. Indeed 
a Wassonian Society for studying this poet's works 
would seem to be quite as useful as a Browning 
Society, and the depth, subtlety, and force of his 
style are certainly deserving this honor. 

'68. — Among the members of the Boston School 
Board for the year 1889 was a Bowdoin man, of 
whom the Boston Eerald thus speaks : " Mr. Thomas 
J. Emery was born at Poland, Me., December 26, 
184.5, and received his early training in the public 
schools and Westbrook Academy. He entered Bow- 
doin College, graduating with honors in the class of 
1868. After teaching school in his native State a few 
years he came to Boston, subsequently being ap- 
pointed a master in the English high school, where 
he was very popular during his service of five years, 
till 1876, when he turned his attention to the study of 
the law. He took the course at the Boston University 
law school, and was admitted to the bar. He imme- 
diately commenced practice, with an office on Con- 
gress Street, and at present has an office at 82 
Devonshire Street. He has won a high place at the 
bar, and is highly respected by the legal profession. 

He was elected to the common council from ward 18 
in 1881, and was re-elected in 1882 and 1883, serv- 
ing on important committees. He is a member of 
the English High School Association and St. John's 
Lodge, F. A. M. His residence is No. 20 Claremont 

'70. — A member of the class of 1870 writes that 
six members of it were duly selected to compete for 
the '68 prize, as follows : Frost, Roberts, Keene, 
Alexander, Collins, and Whitman, but that owing to 
the enforced absence of one of the number it was 
thought advisable to adandon the contest. This ex- 
plains why the prize was awarded to no one in that 

'80. — Virgil C. Wilson, a Bowdoin graduate, was 
the Democratic candidate for mayor of Portland in 
the late election. 

Ex-'85. — Richard Webb was elected a member of 
the school board in Portland. 

'88. — -It was reported in the last number of the 
Orient that Hany Hill would accept the position of 
principal of Patten Academy. We are son-y to learn 
that on account of his eyes Mr. Hill has been 
obliged to give up his school. F. J. C. Little of '89 
will fill this position. 


At the dedication of the new and beautiful pub- 
lic library building lately presented to the city of 
Portland by Mr. Baxter, the sons of Bowdoin played 
their usual part of prominence. After the presenta- 
tion. Mayor C. J. Chapman ('68) arose and made a 
very able speech accepting the deed of gift in behalf 
of the city. Following Mayor Chapman, Judge J. 
W. Symonds ('60) spoke in the name of the public 
library. Paul Aker's great work, " The Dead Pearl 
Diver," was at the same time presented by certain 
citizens to adorn the building inbehalf of the donors. 
Hon. W. L. Putnam ('55) made the concluding 


Hall of Eta, e. ^. x., Brunswick, Me., } 
February 23, 1889. \ 

Whereas, Divine Providence Imis removed by 
death Brother Cyrus Stone, D.D., class of '57 ; 

Resolved, That, while we valued his friendship, 
we humbly submit to the decree of " Him who 
doeth all things well "; 

Resolved, That we tender our sincere sympathy to 
his family shrouded in mourning; 



Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be sent 
to the friends of our deceased brother and to the 
press for publication. 

F. C. Russell, '89, 
H. H. Hastings, '90, 

J. R. HORNE, '91, 

Com. for Fraternity. 

Dr. E. D. Robinson, for seventeen years President 
of Brown University, will withdraw from the presi- 
dency at the end of the present college year. Prof. 
Andrews, of Cornell, is one of the most prominent 
candidates for the position. 

Luce, Harvard's most promising pitcher, has with- 
drawn from practice ; the ten ijitchers are now re- 
duced to two. 

The early numbers of Pulse, of Iowa College, 
give promise of a valuable contribution to college 

A French scientist has calculated that Adam was 
125 feet tall and Eve 118. No wonder they fell. — Ex. 

Juniors are eligible to the Yale Chapter of Phi 
Beta Kappa Society if they attain a standing of 3.15 
on a scale of four in scholarship for the first two and 
a half years of their course. 

The Chinaman describes the toboggan slide as a 
"whiz* * * * lualk a mile ! ! " — Ex. 

Some Harvard men have offered a cup which is to 
be played for by the winner of the E.^eter-Andover 
game and a nine picked from the schools around 

For particip.ation in the recent Washington's 
Birthday scrape at Wesleyan, six students were sus- 
pended for the rest of the year, and eleven until May 
1st. No action was taken in Hubbard's case. 

The University of California now has .some six 
hundred students in all its various departments. 

Professor — " What does galon mean in Vola- 
piik!" Pupil — "It means to rejoice." Punster pupil 

to his seatmate — "That is what a young man does 
when he has a gal-on his knee." — Ex. 

President Dwight, of Yale, asks for $150,000 for 
a new gymnasium. More than half this amount has 
been already raised. 

Princeton and Cornell have Graduate Advisory 
Committees through which all contributions from 
alumni to college athletics are made. 

The young lady students of University of Cali- 
fornia have petitioned for compulsory gymnasium. 
They know not what they ask. 

The Faculty of Lafayette have squelched the win- 
ter cane-rush. 

A Sophomore bold and careless and gay ' 

One afternoon of a winter's day, 

Fixed himself up and went to the play. 

It was Richard III. and a matinee. 

The Sophomore sat in the front parquet, 

And all was as serene as a day in May, 

Until King Richard began to pray, 
" A horse! a horse! " in a pitiful way, 

When the Sophomore sprang from his seat, they say, 

And cried, tlie poor king's fears to allay, 
" I'll get you a horse without delay, 

I know how it is, I have felt that way." — Ex. 

Says the Princefonian : "It is not claiming too 
much to say that in three professions — the min- 
istry, teaching, and politics — Princeton, in her gradr 
uates, ranks easily first among the colleges and 
universities of the country." 

The following beautiful little poem is from the 
Wesleya7i Argus : 


A face divine, with upturned eyes, 
"Where love with sorrow sweetly vies; — 
As dew-drops, or as jewels rare, 
Those eyes, tho' filled with grief, are fair. 
In me their influence never dies. 

As Alpine lake night-veiled lies, 
Reflecting clear the sun-lit skies — 

Heaven's face an image mirrored there, 
A face divine!— 

So shining from the mother's eyes, 

With radiant light that glorifies — 
I see the hearer of my prayer. 
The Christ, her Son, reflected there. 

That face, it is — my soul outcries — 
A face divine! 

The photograph of the Cornell students is the 
largest group ever taken, containing over 1,100 
faces. — Ex. 

At Princeton's winter atliletic meeting one record 
was broken — McCord making Sft. 7in., in the spring- 
board jump, the previous record being Sft. Gin. 

In a lecture before the students of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, last week, Eli Perkins said that Hanover might 



be described as Albany was in 1800; that " the town 
has 1,500 beautiful houses and 2,500 cultured people, 
mostly with their gable ends to the street." 

Hereafter all the members of the Senior class of 
he State University of Indiana are required to talse 
part in the Commencement exercises. — Ex. 

Iowa Colleo;e is making a move in the opposite 
direction. 'Eighty-nine's Commencement will be the 
first to have a limited number of speakers. The 
proposed number is nine. 

Obei'lin has just received $55,000 from the estate 
of a Chicago alumnus. 

At a recent meeting of the Trustees of Harvard, 
President Elliot voted against compulsory chapel. 


The Wesleyan Argus, referring to the aifair of the 
22d, says: "Manifestly it was by a series of fatal 
blunders and misunderstandings that a college 
prank, seriously disorderly, but manifestly not mali- 
cious, resulted in what at first sight seemed to have 
been a fiendish crime." 


Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia of Knowledge and 
Language— WITH Illustrations. Vol. XI. Debt — 
Dominie. New York, John B. Alden, 1888. 12mo.. 
pp. 641. 50c. 

Like its predecessors, this volume of Alden's 
Cyclopedia is truly manifold in character. The com" 
bination of an unabridged dictionarj' with a cyclope- 
dia of information is made in this work with great 
success. Neither the dictionary nor the cyclopedia 
is hampered in its function by the coalition. Volume 
XI. carries the vvork well into the fourth letter of the 
alphabet. We hope to see the series speedily con- 

Testa: A Book for Boys. By Paolo Mantegazza. 
Tran.slated by the Italian class in Bangor, Me. Bos- 
ton, D. U. Heath & Co., 1889. 12mo., pp. XXIV. -|- 256. 
This book might have been better, and it might 
easily have been worse. It would have been better 
if it had been translated by other than a class of 
beginners. The style is good enough, generally 
speaking, but the stilted character of some of the 
sentences could be improved upon. On the whole, 
the book is an interesting one, and it will doubtless 
be read with profit by maiiy American boys. The 
story is of an Italian boy, whose education, both 
bodily and mental, is described in detail. The 
author, Paolo Mantegazza, has won some distinction 
in the field of mental science. 

Die Jungfrau von Orleans. Edited, with introduc- 
tion and notes, by Benj. "W". "Wells, Ph.D. Boston, 
D. C. Heath & Co., 1889. 12mo., pp. 224. 
This volume is the latest addition to Heath's Ger- 
man series. The play itself is one of the most enjoya- 
ble works in German literature, and has been treated 
by the present editor in the spirit it deserves. We 
have rarely seen a modern classic so judiciously and 
attractively presented. 


On March 1st, a new eclectic French monthly, 
La Revue Francaise was published. The prov- 
ince of the Revue will be to furnish readers and stu- 
dents of French with the select works of the best 
French authors, annotated where necessary, and with 
essays on the study of the French language and lit- 
erature by competent teachers and writers. The 
selections will mostly be drawn from contemporary 
French periodical literature, though every period in 
the life of literary France will be represented. The 
departments will embrace a chronique parisienne, 
and a revue bibliographique. The magazine is 
issued in becoming style from the Columbia press. 
Future numbers will be illustrated. The subscrip- 
tion is $4.00 a year. 

D. C. Heath & Co., will publish this week, in 
their series of Guides for Science Teaching, " Hints 
for Teachers of Physiology," by Dr. Henry P. Bow- 
ditch, of the Harvard Medical School. It will show 
how a teacher may supplement his text-book instruc- 
tion by simple 'observations, and by experiments on 
living bodies or on organic material. 

A contest has long been waged among educators 
as to which is of greater practical value in education, 
the Classics or the Sciences. For many years the 
friends of the Classics had it pretty much their own 
way, but of late the Scientists have been putting in 
some strong pleas in behalf of their side of the case. 
The latest of these, issued in book form by S. C. 
Griggs & Co., Chicago, is by the well-known author 
and scientist. Dr. Alexander Winchell, University of 
Michigan, and is entitled, " Shall we teach Geol- 
ogy?" Few, if any, American writers are better 
qualified for discussing this question than Dr. Winch- 
ell. While his treatise is a special plea for teaching 
Geology in the public schools, it is intended to cover 
the whole ground of contest between the Sciences 
and the Classics, and hence promises to be of great 
interest, not only to teachers, but to all who are 
interested in observing the tendencies of modern 


" Shall We Teach Geology ? "—Winchell. Griggs 
& Co., Chicago. $1.00. 


Vol. XVIII. 


No. 17. 





F. L. Staples, '89, Managing Editor. 

O. P. "Watts, '89, Business Editor. 
W. M. Emery, '89. E. R. Stearns, '89. 

G. T. Files, '89. G. B. Chandler, '90. 

F. J. C. Little, '89. J. M. ^Y. Moody, '90. 

D. B. Owen, '89. T. G. Spillane, '90. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he Avishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Otfice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mall Matter. 


Vol. XVIII., No. 17.-March 27, 1889. 

That Cape Ulster 219 

Editorial Notes 219 

Scenes of College Daj'S, 222 

Arlo Bates, 223 

Conversation, 224 

What We Need, 224 

The Thorndike Oak 225 

Emin Pasha 225 

Class E'eeling, 226 

Examinations 227 

Examinations, 227 

A Modern Instance 228 

The Muse at Bowdoin 228 

The Nomination o£ Chief Justice Fuller, 229 

The Old Professor 231 

CoLLEGii Tabula 2.32 

Personal, 234 

College World, 2.36 

Book Reviews, 237 


She walked along and looked and smiled, 
He smiled in turn — and not too blame ; 
' A college man he, 'sooth, must be," 
Quod she, " that ulster shows the same." 

Scene second finds a grocery store, 
A youth pursues his daily work, — 
Aghast, that pretty maid there stands, — 
Smiles that cape-ulster youth — the clerk. 

The editorial board chosen to conduct 
Vol. XIX. is composed of the following gen- 
tlemen : 

Fred J. Allen, 

George W. Blanchard, 

George B. Chandler, 

John M. W. Moody, 

A. Vincent Smith, 

Thomas C. Spillane, 

of '90; 

Thomas S. Burr, 
Henry W. Jarvis, 
Charles S. F. Lincoln, 
Edward H. Newbegin, 

of '91. 

The course of lectures on the poet 
Wordsworth, given by Rev. Mr. Guild, has 
been greatly enjoyed by the students. The 
lecturer has brought to our notice a poet who 
is not read so much as he deserves to be. 

We hope that this series of lectures is 
but a forerunner of others that will follow 
in succeeding years, and that lecturers of 
equal ability will be secured. 

The gymnasium exercises of this term 
are over, and the majority of the students 
will breathe freer. The new rule regarding 
gymnasium attendance has demonstrated its 
efficacy if not its justice. The attendance 



has been very satisfactory, we understand, 
and the work, on the whole, has been well 

Mr. Whittier has labored to make the 
work interesting and profitable, and however 
much we may have disliked the grind, we 
have heard nothing but praise for the assist- 
ance and courtesy which the Director has 
always shown. 

Nothing can be urged in extenuation of 
the spirit of lawlessness and barbarism which 
incites or permits a body of students to de- 
face a room in the manner that a recitation 
room in Memorial Hall was disfigured on 
the night of the ushering in of spring. 

When this annual overflow of animal 
spirits takes place we expect to see a decrease 
in the number of doors; we expect to see 
the whole college inconvenienced by the de- 
struction of reading-room furniture; but 
always until this time some measure of self- 
respect, some regard for the most beautiful 
building on the campus, has saved Memorial 
Hall from such visitations. 

It may cost two hundred dollars to repair 
the damage of this last escapade, but this is 
nothing. Financial considerations fade into 
insignificance when we contemplate the spirit 
of a man or a set of men who will delib- 
erately daub up one of our finest recitation 
rooms with paint. 

Years ago a similar offense would have 
been followed by the expulsion of the per- 
petrators.. To-day a more lenient policy pre- 
vails, but is that a reason why it should be 
abused ? 

Again, the matter of expense presents 
itself. Who will pay the bills ? Is there any 
reason why the whole college should pay for 
the deviltry of a few? We know of none. 
It is to be hoped that the full expense will 
be placed where it belongs. Justice to the 
rest of the college demands that the sense- 

less custom of taxing the whole college to 
pay for the fun of a few be stopped. 

This is the last time, we hope, that Memo- 
rial Hall will be so defaced, and we trust 
that future classes, however much they 
may disfigure the other buildings, will have 
enough regard for Memorial to let it alone. 

The replies to the " dun " recently sent 
to our delinquent subscribers have been so 
varied, and some of them so spicy, that we 
publish a few, thinking this glimpse at 
the interior workings of one of the depart- 
ments of the Orient may be of some inter- 
est to our readers. 

The letters will be given without any 
clue to their writers, so no one can feel 
offended at seeing their words in print, un- 
less in some cases the conscience should 
prick them for undue harshness to the inno- 

Some letters are from those within whose 
hearts love of their Alma Mater and its in- 
stitutions is still warm, and they send us 
words of kindly encouragement and cheer. 
We can only hope that, by recalling some of 
the pleasures of the days they spent here in 
Bowdoin's halls, the Orient may have brought 
to them as much pleasure as their hearty 
good wishes give to us. 

Dear Sir, — Your circular of tlie 14th inst. I have 
just received, and hasten to replj', enclosing check 
for the amount of my subscription. My delay in 
paying my subscription is wholly due to carelessness. 
I must confess that I belong to that large majority of 
subscribers to the Orient, who, though they read 
your paper with pleasure, yet never think that money 
is required to run it till they get a " dun." I trust 
that all who receive your cii'cular will " give it their 
immediate attention," and that the Orient for the 
past year will be as great a success financially as it 
has been in literary merit. 

Very truly yours, 

Some give us a bit of advice, which we 
will tttrn over to the new board of editors 



with the hope that they may be successful 
iu its application. We crave pardon for any 
impatience at " hope long deferred," that our 
" duu " may have expressed, yet editors are 
but mortal, and after some half-dozen no- 
tices in the columns of the Okient, which 
we thought it impossible for any one to 
entirely overlook, a little of our crude human 
nature may have crept into our recent 
" dun." 

Dear Sir, — I have the annual wail of the Orient 
that time is nearly up, and my subscription unpaid. 
The bill never having been sent me before, of course 
I never knew to whom to send it. If you can im- 
press the incoming managers, and through them 
" generations yet unborn," with the fact that in most 
cases they might just as well have their pay in ad- 
vance, you would confer a boon alike on them and 
on suffering subscribers. I enclose $2 for Vol. 18. 
Yours truly, 

In some cases we " reap the whirlwind " 
sown by the negligence of our predecessors. 
We receive the subscription list from the 
last year's board, send the Orient through- 
out the year, and at its close, in all good 
faith, send our bill, to receive a reply that 
for its pointed brevity would do credit to 
any Spartan statesman : 

Over two years ago I notified the publishers of 
the Orient I Vvuuld not pay another subscription, so 
you can take the same answer. . 

We are not surprised to receive such a 
letter from one who evidently believes that 
we are trying to cheat him out of his money. 
Indeed we rather wonder he did not send us 
a more powerful explosive even than the 
above, but should this meet the eye of any 
one who finds himself in the same position, 
we hope that he will remember that we are 
guiltless, and that he will therefore endeavor 
to infuse a little more of the milk of human 
kindness into his reply. 

Here is another : 

" Your subscription ! " 

I never subscribed for the Orient. 

I do not wish it sent to me. 

This I have said in writing twice before. 

The proper way is to drop my name from your 

list. . 

Poor man ! It is needless to say that we 
" dropped " him. 

Still another evil that is inflicted upon us 
by the sins of our Oriental ancestors is the re- 
turn of our letters bearing the pathetic legend 
" Not been here for five years." Such a case 
is beyond words on our part. 

Hoping this brief glance at one of our 
editorial trials may fill the hearts of sub- 
scribers with charity towards our shortcom- 
ings, and their letters to us with two-dollar 
bills, we close this, our last editorial "dun." 

With this number the present board of 
editors makes its final bow and retires from 
the field of journalism. Before we go we 
wish to express to the college our sincere 
thanks for the support and encouragement 
we have received. If we have merited your 
commendation we are glad. If not, it is too 
late to mend. 

We have no desire to exaggerate or claim 
for this volume of the Orient any excel- 
lences it may not possess, but we may truly 
say that in several respects it has been the 
best volume of the Orient ever published. 

Mr. Emery, who has had charge of the 
" Collegii Tabula," has been the right man 
in the right place. He has given to our 
readers more locals than any of his pred- 
ecessors and the quality speaks for itself. 

We have had many compliments from our 
alumni on the success which our " Personal " 
columns have attained. Mr. Files has been 
untiring in his efforts to give all the infor- 
mation concerning our alumni that he could 

The " College World " we think has been 
one of the bright spots in this volume. 
From a large and carefully selected list of 
exchanges, Mr. Little and his successor, Mr. 



Stearns, have attempted to cull such items 
as would interest Bowdoin readers. From 
the enthusiastic manner in which we have 
heard this department praised on several occa- 
sions, we may infer that thej' have succeeded. 

The department of " Book Reviews " is an 
innovation which was devised iu the fertile 
brain of Mr. Owen, who has edited the col- 
umn with conspicuous ability. The place 
is not an easy one to fill, and it is a compli- 
ment to the ability of Mr. Owen that he has 
so well filled the duties of a peculiarly ardu- 
ous position. 

The position of business editor has been 
exceptionally well filled. The place is a 
hard one to fill, but Mr. Watts has dis- 
charged its duties with credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction to all. 

The editorial columns have not been filled 
so well as we could wish, nor has the quality 
of the matter been so good as others might 
have made it. No one has realized this more 
than the writer. In the beginning we asked 
for your forbeai'ance, and we are fully con- 
scious that it has often been exercised. How- 
ever, we have done the best we could, and 
when a man has done that no more need be 

To our printers we extend the customary 
thanks. We are under deep obligations to 
them for the work they have done for us. 
We can give them no higher praise than to 
say that, typographically, the Orient will 
compare favorably with any college publi- 

Finall}', we wish to bespeak for the new 
board the same measure of hearty encourage- 
ment which we have enjoyed. It is in every 
respect worthy of it, and under its new man- 
agement we trust that the Orient may win 
fresh laurels and be a greater honor to Bow- 
doin than ever before. 

Efforts are being made at Trinity College to put 
a crew on the water next spring. 


Scenes of my youth ! with lingering step once more, 
Your verdant walks and classic halls I tread ; 

Once more by lovely Androscoggin's shore 
My rambling feet to ancient scenes are led. 

On the gray rock that crowns thy rolling tide 
Again I pause to see thy billows play, 

To trace thy forests waving far and wide, 
Thy wooded isles with sylvan voices gay. 
And the bright, yellow sands that skirt thy curv- 
ing bay. 

Long in the depths of thy deep woods I stand. 
To hear the wind its fitful roar prolong. 

Thro' the tall pines that darken all the land ; 
Yet oft at times, sweet as the reedy song 

Hymned by some vast cathedral's tuneful choir. 
It sighs in lute-like music thro' the shades. 

And lulls the drooping forests with its lyre; 

Then thrill the leaves in all the murmuring glades, 
And Nature lists eutranc'd within her dim arcades. 

A moment turn we from the white road-side. 

To yon green grot, with branching trees o'erhead ; 

Down its smooth slope, a rivulet's bubbling tide 
O'er mossy stone and golden sand is led ; 

Long hath it pour'd its cool translucent wave 
In the stone urn by Nature hollow'd out, 

The white birch loves its tresses there to lave. 
And larch and willow o'er it gayly float 
And cast their willful leaves in playfulness about. 

There sings the redbird at day's glimmering close. 
And blue wood-doves their gentle mates have 

The rabbit comes at eve to seek repose 

Secure in that lone haunt from harmful foes; 

The robin builds his dwelling without fear. 

And the shrill quail-flock wakes the sleeping wood. 

For Nature keeps an endless Sabbath here 

Profan'd by no rude clang of harsh machinery near. 

The student call'd thee Paradise of old. 

And still that blissful title marks the spot ; 

Sweet was thy fount, pellucid, clear and cold. 
And dense the shades of thy secluded grot. 

Oft had I sought thy fountain's mossy brim. 

And the deep screen when blaz'd the noontide fire, 

Nor left the spot till sunset lights grew dim. 

What time the glow-worm lit its twinkling pyre 
And silence spread her hush o'er all the wood- 
land choir. 

Dear scenes of youth mine eyes almost o'erflow 
To view thee all around me rise again. 



This path I tread I traversed long ago, 

The same green wood, the same far-spreading 
plain ; 
Yonder the pines still heave their mom-nful sigh 

O'er the high grass vehere classmates lie at rest, 
Yonder old walks I once again descry. 

Still rise to greet each young scholastic guest. 
And crown with Learning's wreath the student's 
toilful quest. 

Old Seats of Learning ! thoughtfully I pass 

From room to room the haunts I knew of yore, 

For memory all around me holds her glass. 
Reflecting scenes I once so lov'd before ; 

As in its shadow'd face I gaze once more 
I trace out forms to recollection dear. 

And chief, dear Longfellow, my college friend. 

Whose earthly pilgrimage, whose bright career 

Have clos'd in Auburn's shades in vanish'd year ! 

— Isaac McLellaii, '26, in Wildwood's Magazine. 


It has been well said that the measure of 
a college's success is in the number of good 
men she sends forth to do the world's work. 
Bowdoin has proved her success by graduat- 
ing many such, and there is always interest 
to read of one of her sons who is honoring 
the college by honoring himself. It will not 
be out of place, then, to rehearse the biog- 
raphy of the rising author, Arlo Bates. 

He was born in East Machias, December 
16, 1850, fitted there for Bowdoin, whence 
he graduated in 1876. He took many col- 
lege honors. Sophomore year he was elected 
a member of the Athensean Society, of which 
Senior year he was poet. Junior year he 
joined A.A.ip. He was class president, and 
poet. Ivy Day. He was treasurer of the 
Bowdoin Chess Club, and sang tenor on the 
college, class, and fraternity musical organiza- 
tions. His college rooms were 28 W. H., 
and 29 and 30 M. H. At the spring exhibi- 
tion in 1875, he had a Junior part, and a 
Senior part at the fall exhibition the same 
year. He was on the '68 prize speaking. 
Mr. Bates was elected an editor of Bowdoin- 
ensia, the Bugle's rival in 1875, and Senior 

year was editor-in-chief of volume five of the 
Orient. This year, too, he headed a com- 
mittee which issued the brochure, "Songs of 
Bowdoin." The prizes awarded Mr. Bates 
were for English composition and extem- 
poraneous writing. Commencement day he 
delivered, as one of the first six in his class, 
an English oration on " Art in America," 
about which he says: "A subject of which 
my ignorance at that time must have been 
beautifully complete." Mr. Bates received 
<f . B. K. standing. His degrees were S. B. 
and A. M. 

After graduation Mr. Bates went to Bos- 
ton to enter upon a literary career. In 
1878-9 he edited the Broadside., a political 
sheet. In 1880 he was appointed editor of 
the Boston Sunday Courier., which position 
he still holds. For this paper he has written 
the serials, "Mona and Hilo," and "Ties of 
Blood." He has also been a contributor to 
the Boston Advertiser., Providence Journal', 
Literary World., Century, Scrihuer's, Atlantic, 
Lippincott's, Cosmopolitan, Outing, Wide 
Awake, and St. Nicholas. In September, 1882, 
he married Miss Harriet L. Vose, daughter 
of Professor Geo. L. Vose, formerly at the 
head of the Scientific Department. She died ■ 
in March, 1886, leaving one son. Mrs. Bates 
was known to the literary world as "Eleanor 

Mr. Bates has published the following 
books : " Patty's Perversities," 1881 ; " F. 
Seymour Hayden and Engraving," 1882 ; " Mr. 
Jacobs " (a parody of " Mr. Isaacs "), 1883 ; 
"The Pagans," 1884; " A Wheel of Fire," 
1885 ; edited Eleanor Putnam's posthumous 
" Old Salem," 1886 ; " Berries of the Brier " 
(poems), 1886; "Sonnets in Shadow" (po- 
ems), 1887 ; "A Lad's Love," 1887 ; " Prince 
Vance" (jointly with Eleanor Putnam), 
1888 ; and " The Philistines," 1889. He has 
received much favorable criticism on his 
work, bits of which we are pleased to quote: 

" The author of ' A Lad's Love ' is capa- 



ble of work of a very high grade in fiction, 
and that we shall have such from Mr. Bates, 
as his powers mature, we cannot question." 
"He gleans an unpretentious harvest of 
Heinesque songs which touch the palate with 
a wild-growth flavor, and incite the appetite 
to azestful pleasure." "Mr. Bates's career is 
representative, and shows how talent, indus- 
try, and patience will tell. His ideals are 
obviously high, and it cannot be said he has 
ever aimed at mere popularity. Conscien- 
tious, independent, strengthened by disci- 
pline, loving his work more for its own sake 
than for its reward, he is destined to do 
well ; and should he follow the lines laid 
down in his best work for ten or twenty 
years, it may be predicted with confidence 
that he will rise to a high place among Amer- 
ican writers." 

To an ambitious biographer who wrote 
him an inquisitive letter about himself, Mr. 
Bates responded : " As for religious and 
political preferences, I am liberal and try to 
be logical in both. For personal appearance 
— I have never seen myself." 


To possess the ability to converse intelli- 
gently on any subject is one of 'the greatest 
accomplishments that we can seek, yet there 
are very few of us who can be called excellent 
conversationalists. The great part of us ap- 
pear to consider that we are to gain success 
and happiness only from books, giving no 
heed as to whether we can communicate it 
to others. 

Books teach by one way, and conversa- 
tion by another; and if these means were 
trained in relation to their own separate ad- 
vantages, they might become necessary to 
each other. A poor selection of books may 
be improved by the comparison of experi- 
ences which take place in a mixed discourse. 
But greater advantages are derived from 

conversation by the promotion of intellectual 
culture. Social discussion often supplies the 
imperfections of private study, for by merely 
expressing in words amongst our associates, 
our intellectual difficulties, is often the way 
to clear them up. Each individual in a 
party probably looks at any prgblem in a 
different way, and each may have some dif- 
ference of views to set forth, which were de- 
rived either from a different course of read- 
ing or from different experiences. 

The advantages of conversation may not 
be equal to those of study, but they distin- 
guish themselves by being in a different line, 
and it is most important that so great means 
for improving the mental faculties should 
not be neglected, as it often is. At present 
the evil is that conversation is often depend- 
ent on the accidents of the moment, some 
word or name is mentioned in the course of 
an illustration, and that is allowed to sug- 
gest a topic which at once becomes uninter- 

To be able to converse well one must 
have good, sound, common sense, as well as 
the power to use it, and this in a marked de- 
gree is essential to success. For what good 
is it, if we have common sense views, if we 
lack the ability to express them in an intelli- 
gent manner. We must be thoroughly con- 
versant with what we read, and make it a 
part of ourselves, for a few ideas obtained 
from a small number of books well learned, 
are far more valuable than a conglomeration 
of ideas from a large number of books hastily 
skimmed over. 


That there are no general societies here 
at Bowdoin is a hard, unpleasant fact, at 
which almost every one has expressed sur- 
prise or regret, but, as yet, no one has advo- 
cated the expediency, or discussed the possi- 
bility of reviving the defunct societies. In 



our sister institutions we do not find this 
same state of affairs. Almost all of the col- 
leges and universities of equal grade with 
ours have general literary societies in a more 
or less flourishing condition, which are en- 
couraged and assisted by their respective 

Nearly every one will acknowledge that 
the need of them here is evident and imper- 
ative. A few persons may assert that our 
fraternities supply their place, but this is 
clearly false, for, however excellent the lit- 
erary work may be, thej' do not and never 
can fill the place once occupied by the old 
Peucinian and Athenffian societies ; at whose 
meetings there were debates and discussions 
on matters of interest, not only before the 
members, but before any of the student-body 
who might care to attend. This gave a prac- 
tice and self-confidence which could not be 
acquired in speaking before an audience com- 
posed merely of a few friends, as would be 
the case in our fraternities. 

That this practice has proved almost in- 
valuable is shown by the statements of some 
of our alumni, who have said that they be- 
lieved a great part of their success in after 
life was due directly to this phase of their 
college work. Another advantage was the 
address before the two societies, usually by 
some man of national reputation, which took 
place at the end of the year and greatly 
added to the interest of Commencement. 

The question of the possibility of such a 
revival now arises, but it is easily disposed 
of, as most of the students are awake to the 
need of something of this sort, especially 
since all rhetoricals have been left out of the 
curriculum. Any movement in this direc- 
tion would undoubtedly gain the approval 
and aid of the alumni, and the support of 
the faculty, and with earnest and deter- 
mined effort on our part could be made of 
lasting advantage to ourselves and the insti- 


The old oak's dj'iiig. 

Through its branches bare 
The winter wind in mournful gusts is sighing. 
Its creaking boughs saying in their despair, 
"The old oak's dying." 

For fourscore years 

Thou hast been watching o'er 

The college's growth and its prosperity. 

Hast seen her sons go forth to come no more, 
For fourscore years. 

Beneath thy shade, 

The classes, year by year. 

Gather to bid farewell to the old scenes. 

And sing the praises of Old Bowdoin, here 
Beneath thy shade. 

Old Thorndike Oak, 
We greet thee once again. 
As we depart and others take our place, 
Thy picture on our memory shall remain. 
Old Thorndike Oak. 


Since the death of Gordon, Africa has 
known no more faithful friend and earnest 
worker for her civilization than Emin Pasha, 
yet it is surprising how few, even of the best 
educated people, are acquainted with his 
great work and noble character. 

Emin Pasha is not an Arab, as his name 
would seem to indicate, but a German, whose 
true name is Edward Schnitzer. He was 
born at Oppelu, in Prussian Silesia, March 
28, 1840, but when he was quite young his 
parents removed to Niesse, where he received 
his common school education. At the age 
of eighteen, Schnitzer entered the University 
of Breslau, and after graduating from there 
he studied medicine in the University of 
Berlin. After having received the degree of 
M. D., being determined to do the greatest 
possible good in the world, he went to 
Arabia, and there, realizing the prejudice 
that there was against a German, he gave 
up his name and nationalitj'-, and assumed 



the title by which he will ever be known, 
Emin Pasha. 

In 1876 he entered the service of Gen. 
Gordon, and two years later, when Gordon 
was appointed governor-general of Soudan, 
he appointed him governor of the equatorial 
provinces. Here, we may say, he began his 
great work of destroying the slave trade, 
and of civilizing Africa, for here he made 
his first great fight against the slave trade, 
and won the esteem and love of the na- 

When Gordon died Emin Pasha took up 
the work which the former had laid down, 
and April 17, 1887, he wrote his famous let- 
ter in which he said: "The work that Gor- 
don paid for with his blood I will strive to 
carry on. I remain here the last and only 
representative of Gordon's staff. It therefore 
falls on me and is my bounden duty to follow 
up the road he showed us. Sooner or later 
these people will be drawn into the circle of 
the ever-advancing civilized world. For 
twelve long years I have striven and toiled, 
and sowed the seeds of a splendid future civ- 
ilization. It is out of the question to ask 
me to leave. Shall I now give up the work 
when a way may soon be open to the coast ? 

Who can help admiring the noble purpose 
and character of this man, who has devoted 
his life to the enlightenment of a continent. 
Even though he fails, the world will honor 
him for his perseverance, philanthropy, and 
Christian spirit. If he is successful he will 
receive his proper reward. 


How strongly this enters into the life of 
a country college numbering anywhere from 
one hundred to five hundred students, can 
only be conceived by those to whom it has 
been an actual experience. Nor is this 
strange. Beneath one standard and to the 

sound of one magic number, does the student 
rally throughout four eventful years. He 
grows into his class, and its other mem- 
bers become a part of himself. They are 
bound together by invisible bonds stronger 
than iron, and any touch of the electric 
chord sends a shock through the whole 

The member of any class who does not 
respond with sensitive alacrity to a legitimate 
call from the common body, does not possess 
enough patriotic emotion to be a true and 
successful man in the world. He is cold; 
something is lacking in his make-up. 

It will be noticed, however, that special 
care was taken to make use of the term 
"legitimate call." The very use of that 
word " legitimate " seems to imply the sus- 
picion that some " calls " are illegitimate. 
True. There exists in every class a certain 
clique of blatant extremists who are always 
bemoaning some fancied insult, and always 
proposing some extravagant means of retri- 
bution. They are like the ass in the fable, 
braying before the battle. They are always 
talking, but never acting. It is to such as 
these that most class disturbances can be 
traced ; and it is to these also that we owe 
much of the adverse criticism of the outside 

Between these two extremes, that of the 
phlegmatic non-combatant, and that of the 
quarrelsome braggart there is a golden mean. 
Class spirit is a valuable educator; it de- 
velops fidelity to principles, organization, ex- 
ecutive capacity, and sociability. To it can 
be traced many of those ties which bind 
alumni and college together. It forms the 
ground work and imparts the zest to what is 
familiarly termed " College life." The very 
evils which attend it are such as give a mau 
snap and vigor. If some students had a little 
more of it in its true foriu, and others a little 
less in its false form, there would be less 
friction between classes. 




I observe in the last number of the 
Oeient another article on " Examinations," 
and an editorial invitation to the further 
discussion of the same. 

The remedy which the author of the afore- 
said article recommends as " worthy of try- 
ing,' amounts, if I understand him rightly, 
to a practical abolition of the examination 
system, that is to " let the professor consider 
the whole term's work as an examination, 
and decide from that." This seems to me to 
be open to two objections. 

First, there are many students possessing 
not only a glib tongue and a ready mind, 
but also a liberal supply of that element 
which in college parlance is usually termed 
" gall." By a judicious application of these 
faculties they are unabled to make a superior 
recitation, while others, possessing an equally 
thorough knowledge of the subject, are un- 
able to do themselves justice. Again, as is 
well known, in some studies, the students 
are called but a comparatively few times 
during the term ; and even though possess- 
ing a comprehensive view of the subject and 
a tolerably accurate knowledge of its details, 
they may have been unfortunate in the 
places and times upon which they were 
called. Hence, if the professor were to "con- 
sider the whole term's work as an examina- 
tion," and if at the same time the object of 
the so-called examination is "to find out just 
how much the student knows of the work 
which he has been over," it seems to me that 
the scheme proposed drifts into an obvious 

Secondly, in order that the student shall 
" know the work which he has been over," 
he should be able to do two things ; (a) to 
give an explanation or description of any 
particular phase or detail, and (5) to take 
the various details or phases which belongs 
to a topic or series of topics, and formu- 
late them about some particular question. 

As a rule, the limited time of the recitation 
allows only the first of these, and thus the 
scheme proposed, again fails to accomplish 
its end. 

The just and effective method is to sand- 
wich in three or four unexpected written 
examinations during the term, to insure thor- 
oughness, and at the end a more extended 
one to summarize, with the understanding 
that in rank it is to count no more than the 
preceding one. 

A word as to cheating; relying upon 
daily recitations will not obviate this diffi- 
culty, for I think we will all admit that it is 
largely carried on in them also. If a profes- 
sor doesn't go to sleep, he can render an ex- 
amination as free from this evil as is the 
average recitation, and if a student is 
bound to cheat, he can do it in either case 
and that in spite of the professor. 


After the attack on examinations, which 
appeared in the last issue of the Orient, 
would it not be well to consider the subject 
from a different standpoint? 

The arguments advanced against exami- 
nations were that cheating could be carried 
on, and that superficial work might count 
more than honest labor. But is the solution 
proposed a panacea for these things, free from 
the very faults by which an examination is 
condemned? No student can be unaware 
that many an otherwise " dead " becomes a 
"sail" on account of some assistance re- 
ceived from a neighbor, or that many fluent 
translations are "read between the lines." 
Then in many instances most of the work is 
done on days when the pupil expects to be 
called upon to recite. 

It was stated in the former article that 
the object of an examination was to discover 
what the student knows of his work, and 
from his " solution " we conclude he would 



And gave her bead a little twist 

Which just brought round her pearly < 

He kissed ; but what, he did not know ; 

Yet one thing to his mind was clear, 
That ne'er it maiden's hair could grow 

Around her lips so very near. 

And back into the night he went 
Denouncing such coquettish maids ; 

Chagrined to think his kiss had spent 
Its force among her tangled braids. 


Much has ah-eady been said in the col- 
umns of the Orient upon the " spirit," or, 
better said, the lack of " spirit," in regard 
to the matter of poetry in our college. This 
has all aimed, not so much at the lack of 
poetry itself, but at such works as were 
once called the chief feature which distin- 
guished Bowdoin from all the other Maine 
colleges; namely, the abundance of its own 
college songs. 

From the beginning of student-life, the 
college song has been acknowledged to be 
the very embodiment of all that is jovial and 
hearty, and whoever visits such an institu- 
tion for the first time, listens anxiously for 
the strains of some of these famous college 
songs. Should he fail to hear these, he nat- 
urally concludes that this reputation for 
song is not a reality here, and consequently, 
goes away convinced that " old Bowdoin" is 
sadly deficient in this one most essential qual- 

We are told by some of the alumni that 
the one thing which strikes them as most 
unnatural on returning to their Alma Mater 
is the decided absence of class and college 
songs. " Why," said one lately, " when I 
was here, each class had its song, and more- 
over, the boy with some inventive genius 
was continually at work upon some new 
combination in the way of rhyme." To be 
sure, these songs were mostly versions of 

also apply the same definition to a recitation. 
But is not the primary object of a recitation 
to enable the pupil to correct any mistakes 
into which he may have fallen, and to secure 
a better knowledge of the subject under dis- 
cussion than he could obtain by merely study- 
ing the assigned work by himself? Does 
not the custom of ranking daily recitations 
tend to restrict the very thing for which the 
recitation is held, and also give rise to that 
abomination, the " chinner " ? The objection 
that superficial knowledge may accomplish 
more in an examination than hard work, is 
rather vague. For certainly one has to learn 
a lesson better if he has to keep it in mind 
for some time before he is examined, than if 
he could dismiss the entire subject after he 
has left the recitation room. 

If examinations have not filled the place 
which it was expected they would hold in this 
college, it would seem to be on account of the 
small influence which they now have on the 
student's standing. 


Beneath the shining stars they walked 
And slowly homeward went their way. 

As softly, arm in arm, they talked 
Such nonsense as young lovers may. 

He felt the pressure of her arm 
iSTew rapture into his soul infuse; 

And, slowly, from his finger tips ' 
He felt his manly courage ooze. 

And as they neared her father's gate. 
The flood within his veins boiled high ; 

For he had vowed, in spite of fate, 
To "kiss the little minx, or die." 

So, fumbling with the hasp until 

She kindly offered to assist, 
When, lo! a little scream, a thrill. 

But not of joy, for he had missed. 

For she could not the chance resist, 
On feeling him so very near; 



old Phi Chi, but it must have been an im- 
mense relief to be able to hear some other 
words than the threadbare remains of our 
present so-called hazing song. 

Another alumnus has felt interest 
enough to send us copies of some of the old 
refrains which were so commonly heard a few 
years ago. Some are remarkably beautiful, 
and many others are perfect examples of 
college wit. 

The old Phi Chi soug to '69 is said to have 
been among the most noted of its day, the 
first stanza of which runs as follows: 

Air: "Vive L' Amour." 
"Phi Chi comes forth in regal stale, 

Vive le Shakery boo. 
To bid farewell to 'Sixty-Eight, 

Vive le Shakei'y boo. 
The laurel wreath we now entwine. 
Her regal step is all divine. 
She gives a welcome to '(39, 

Vive le Shakery boo. 

Chords. — Vive le boo. Vive le boo. 

Her deeds are many, her words are few. 
Her sons are jolly and staunch and true, 
Vive le Shakery boo." 

Some songs — strange to say — often 
turned upon the name of some of the Fac- 
ulty, and although the day of such deeds is 
past, it may not be amiss to give a stanza of 
one of the most famous : 

" He came to Bowdoin a tutor to be 

E— E— I diddle dee. 
He came to Bowdoin a tutor to be, 

E— E— I diddle dee, 

Colisse, Cole, Coli Colore, 
This Wellington Cross was a comical one, 

(Whistle one line'.) 
This Wellington Cross was a comical one." 

More often, however, the songs confined 
themselves strictly to class affairs, and we 
find words to suit the measures of nearly 
every popular air. Some were indeed 
beautiful, and many showed the unmistak- 
able marks of genius which have character- 
ized so many of the sons of Bowdoin. 

The song of '72 will bear repeating: 

Air ; " Landlord Fill Our Flowing Botols." 

" Once more in glee, the brotherhood of Phi Chi is 

To clasp the hands of 'Seventy-Two, who at her name 
have trembled. 
You remember then the glorious throng 
Of Phi Chi's loyal sons and strong. 
Whose names will be remembered long 

'Round the walls of good old Bowdoin." 

With these as examples, must we not 
confess that there is a lack of such a spirit- 
to-day? We need not, necessarily, have Phi 
Chi songs, for that name means little to us 
now, but the old spirit of jovial good-fellow- 
ship is evidently diminished. 

It has been said — and rightly, too, — 
that the " College Glee Club " should sing 
more " Bowdoin songs," but each one of us 
would be obliged to admit that there is 
hardly a typical Bowdoin song to be had. 
Hence but one thing is to be done and 
that is — write them some. The club is doing 
an excellent work, but would gladly receive 
any such contributions. Is it not possible 
for the old spirit to be revived ? Surely it 
is, and it is the sincere hoj^e of each and 
every one of us that the day is not far in 
advance when each class shall have its own 
song, and old Bowdoin may again be said to 
teem with its former spirit of music. 


Washington, D. C, March 1,5, 1889. 
Editors Orient: 

Perhaps your readers may like to glance 
over an imaginary history of the circum- 
stances leading to the nomination of Chief- 
Justice Fuller, as set out in the accomjDanying 
copy of a paper read at our last Bowdoin 
alumni dinner in this city. 


Brethren of the Bowdoin alumni associ- 
ation, the documents which I am now about 



to present to you, if genuine are very valu- 
able, and ought to be deposited in the ar- 
chives of the college with its most sacred 

The first purports to be the original note 
from President Cleveland explaining to his 
Cabinet why he had concluded to nominate 
Mr. Fuller for Chief-Justice. The second 
purports to be from a distinguished senator 
relating the facts about the confirmation of 
Mr. Fuller's nomination. 

Washington, D. C, ? 
Executive Mansion, April 15, 1888. ^ 

Oenllemen and Members of my Cabinet : 

In presenting tlie name of the gentleman I wish 
to nominate to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Court 
bench, caused by the sad death of tlie ever to be la- 
mented Morrison R. Waite, late Chief-Justice, I 
have concluded, under all the circumstances, to state 
to you fully the reasons why I have decided to name 
Hon. Melville W. Fuller, of Chicago, for this most 
important and honorable position. 

After the death of the late Chief-Justice, inlooiiing 
over the matter of selecting his successor, I could 
not hel}) noting that some of the ablest men in pub- 
lic affairs were graduates of Bowdoin College. In 
the Senate the most popular member, the leading de- 
bater, the best constitutional lawyer, the most influ- 
ential individual, the most graceful speaker, the most 
powerful orator was the Hon. W. P. Frye. And 
when I turned to the House of Representatives I 
could but observe that Hon. Thomas B. Reed was 
easily the head man in debate, in logic and in the 
power to guide and control, as well as being the best 
general scholar and also able to speak and write 
French. Then again in the army, the same fact is 
noticeable ; our most gallant soldier, our noblest 
Major-General, the oflBcer who has the proudest 
record for feats of arras, personal courage, moral 
bravery and for his successful doings for the despised 
and rejected colored man, is Oliver O. Howard. 
These facts forced me to the conclusion that I 
could nowhere look for a new Chief-Justice except 
among the alumni of Bowdoin College, if I desired 
to find a strong man thoroughly well qualified for 
the place. 

Impressed with these views my mind first fixed 
on Colonel L. D. M. Sweat, who, you all know very 
well, has been exceedingly prominent and exceed- 
ingly popular here in social and public affairs ever 
ince I have been President. I had determined in 

my own mind not to appoint a man to the place who 
vras over fifty -five years of age. I was certain that 
g.allant Colonel could not be over fifty, though I re- 
membered, as you all must, what a distinguished 
place he held as long ago as 1863, as the ablest con- 
stitutional lawyer in the House of Representatives. 
I thought however I would be sure on this age mat- 
ter, so I consulted my copy of the last Bowdoin Tri- 
ennial and found to my amazement that the Colonel 
had graduated so long ago that he must be over 
sixty ! Very reluctantly I was obliged to turn the 
Colonel down. 

The next man my thoughts fell on was the Hon. W. 
L. Putnam, who did so well on tlie Fishery questions 
and who gave such sumptuous orchid dinners and 
otherwise astonished the proud minions of Queen 
Victoria. But when I asked Mr. Secretary Bayard's 
opinion on the matter he hinted that such a nomina- 
tion would make the Fish question even more unsav- 
ory than it had been and urged me to let Putnam 

I then thought it might be best to select Hon. 
Melville W. Fuller of Chicago. So I sent out Col- 
onel Lamont to prospect a little. He went to Colum- 
bus, Ohio ; Indianapolis, St. Louis, St. Paul, Madi- 
son, Wisconsin ; Lincoln, Nebraska, and Topeka and 
finally swung round home by way of Chicago. 
He assured me that there was a growing impression 
in the sections visited, that Mr. Fuller ought to be 
nominated. All Illinois was for him and Colonel 
Lamont feared a riot in Chicago if any other name 
was sent in. " Men, women, and children without 
regard to race, sect, previous condition, or politics," 
said Colonel Lamont, " want Mr. Fuller." 

As it was evident that the nomination must go to 
the great heart of our nation, the populous and strong 
Northwest, I saw I was on the right track. But to 
make assurance sure I spoke to Isham, the great 
railroad and patent lawyer of Chicago, on the sub- 
ject. He frankly said that Mr. Fuller was the 
soundest corporation, real estate, and railroad law- 
yer in Chicago, and he was in favor of his appoint-, 
ment. But when I asked him as to Mr. Fuller's ac- 
quaintance with the civil law, law, common 
law, constitutional law, patent law, maritime law, 
international law, higher law, the law of divorces, 
Maine law, the law of necessity and the great code of 
unwritten law, Isham said I can only reply in the 
words President Woods uttered when he called on 
Mr. Fuller to speak at a Commencement dinner soon 
after his graduation ; words that have since become 
celebrated the world over as the best modern clas- 
sical phrase. His remarks were about as follows : 

I now have the pleasure, honor I may say, of 



calling on Mr. Melville W. Fuller of Chicago. I 
have long regarded him of all our graduates ^'facilis 
princeps, nihil letigit quod non ornavit." Therefore, 
gentlemen, I shall send Mr. Fuller's name to the 

U. S. Senate, Judiciary Com. Room, > 
January 23, 1889. I 
My Bear Mr. .• 

You have done quite right to ask me in behalf 
of the Bowdoin Alumni, about the doings last sum- 
mer inside our Committee on Judiciary over the 
nomination of Mr. Fuller as Chief-Justice. I really 
don't think there was any serious objection to him 
personally on the part of any member of the Com- 
mittee. Some outside parties attacked him covertly 
and out of spite. Some were jealous of him. Some 
of the Senators had an idea that we could wear out 
the nomination and carry over the business till the 
new administration was settled. After a great deal 
of dilly dally one day at a full Committee meeting 
the matter of report on the nomination came up and 
it was unanimously agreed to ask Senator Frye's 
views. So we sent over and asked him to visit our 
room for conference on an important matter. 

So soon as he was comfortably seated Edmunds 
remarked: "Senator Frye if you have no objections 
our Committee would be very glad to have you ex- 
press candidly, and in entire confidence, your honest 
opinion of the qualifications of Mr. Fuller for the 
position of Chief-Justice of the United States." 

Frye replied very categorically, "Senators and 
members of the Judiciary Committee : In reply to 
your chairman's request I have to say but three 
things ; first, Mr. Fuller was born in Maine ; second, 
Mr. Fuller graduated at Bowdoin College, and, 
finally, I wish it distinctly understood that Mr. Fuller 
is my friend. Good morning Senators," and thus 
saying he withdrew. 

Edmunds was a good deal stuck up but I saw the 
chance and remarked, "Gentlemen you see how it is, 
Mr. Fuller has all the advantage that birth, education, 
and the confidence of our most distinguished public 
men can give him. I move that we report favorably 
on the nomination, and the vote was passed unani- 

I trust your Bowdoin Banquet will be as success- 
ful as usual. It was a mistake of my life that I did 
not graduate at Bowdoin. 

I am, my Dear 

Faithfully yours. 

Senator . 

Yale issues five periodical publications, Harvard 
and Princeton four, and Cornell three. 

[The foUowin 


poem was sent to us for publication by an 

He's out-dated, like his books. 
And he has old-fashioned hooks 

To his specs. 
In the alphabet of years 
He knows all the characters 

Down to X. 

You can read them in his face, 
In the wrinkles you can trace 

A, B, C; 
And upon the marble brow 
Age is chiseling even now 

Y and Z. 

His long locks are white and thin. 
And his temples sunken in 

Like his cheeks ; 
And his once sonorous voice 
Makes a hesitating noise 

When he speaks. 

Of the village and its chat 
He was once the autocrat 

In his prime ; 
Now the gossips nod and beck 
At the melancholy wreck 

Of his time. 

His has been a lonely life. 
Without children, home, or wife — 

Boarding round — 
For the rose and lilies blow 
Where his darling lietli low 

In the ground. 

And it seems a little queer 
He should wear a bouttonniei'e 

When they bloom, 
Yet he blushes like a girl 
When the dainty buds unfurl 

Their perfume. 

And he looks across the rim 
Of his specs into a dim 

For the tears in spite of him. 
Overflow the wrinkled brim 

Of his eyes. 

For he has an odd conceit 

That sometime, somewhere they'll meet, 

Youth and maid : 
And his dreams are always young. 



And the hopes he lives among 
Never fade. 

And I've often heard him say 
In his sad, old-fashioned way, 

With a smile : 
■' I shall not have long to wait, 
God will make the crooked straight — 

— E. S. Hopkins, in Indianapolis Journal. 


As so many of the Freshman class 
are personally unknown to the Business 
Editor, they will confer a favor upon him 
by paying their subscriptions at once, 
without waiting for him to " dun " them. His office 
hours are from 7 to 12 p.m. at 9 W. H., where he 
makes out receipts, for Freshmen only, for the small 
sum of $1.50. 

The Argus of March 20th said : " Humphrey, '90, 
is taking a vacation." 

The gymnasium directors of Bates, Bovvdoin, and 
Colby are attending lectures at the Medical School. 

Grimmer will furnish the music for the '68 Prize 
speaking, April 4th. 

Dudley, '91, is suffering from a bad ankle sprain. 

Bragdon, '91, has been confined at Mr. E. N. 
Smith's house with a light attack of scarlet fever. 

A week ago Tuesday evening the Glee and Banjo 
and Guitar Clubs gave their first concert in Bruns- 
wick this season. A most pleasing programme, 
embracing many new pieces, was rendered. The 
Glee Club sings better than it did last winter, show- 
ing the results of careful and persistent training, 
while the Banjo and Guitar Club has been materially 
strengthened. The musicians are very generous in 
responding to encores. At the beginning of a con- 
cert their long waits are a trifle dull, but they show 
a pleasing inclination to promptness towards the 
close. On the evening of the 19th the pedal ajj- 
plause between the numbers was open to criticism, 

and certainly such interruption or accompaniment of 
the music in one or two instances must have been 
disgusting both to those on the stage and in the fore 
part of the auditorium. 

President Hyde filled the Congregational pulpit 
Sunday morning, 17th. 

Orient election occurred March l(3th. Those 
samples of good-looking men, the seven Seniors, 
gave up with good grace our journal into the keeping 
of ten still greater criterions of manly beauty. 

About sixty students enjoyed the Portland Turn- 
verein gymnastic exhibition, Monday evening, the 

Much good their Physics does them : Sophomore 
B. — "Who is that gentleman going by?" Sopho- 
more S. — " That is Mr. Storer, Superintendent of the 
Brunswick electric light." Sophomore B. — "Is he 
the man who invented the Storer's battery?" 

Prof. Chapman preached in the Second Parish 
Church, Portland, a week ago Sunday morning. It 
is reported that he has received a call to become its 

Jefferson Davis once remarked in conversa- 
tion that he thought of all the Northern people he 
had ever met those of Maine most resembled true 
Southrons. Perhaps his impression of Maine people 
was formed on his visit to Brunswick in 1858, when 
he came here to receive an LL.D. from Bowdoin. 

Prof. Lee has a fine collection of autographs and 
autograph letters. The signatures of j^oets Holmes 
and Whittier, Wm. Lloyd Garrison, Henry Ward 
Beecher, Jas. Freeman Clarke, Charles Sumner, and 
Mark Twain are to be found among them. 

The Juniors in German were sitting one day 
When tlie Prof, pulled Brown in the usual way; 
The victim jumped with a curse and a look, 
He could not find his German hook. 

A move, a titter, and then a grin 

As the class saw the scrape poor Brown was in; 

He heard the laugh and lost bis head. 

He sat plumb down and tooli; a dead. 

The reason for his decease you'd see 

If you knew how that book was cribbed by B. : 

He bad lost his very dearest friend, 

His epitaph " zero," sad his end. 

Now for a little philosophical disquisition anent 
the library. The functions of a library are to place 
desired volumes or information in a reader's posses- 
sion as quickly as possible, and to inculcate a love 
of books and reading:. To attain the latter end our 



shelves are free to all with hardly any restrictions. 
To subserve the interests of readers, however, rules 
have to be made. It is of no essential consequence 
to the librarians pei'sonally whether they are obeyed 
or not. Financial exigencies pi-eclude the attendance 
of an assistant at the loan desk all the time during 
library hours ; but there are a few in college mean 
enough to tal^e advantage of this and other consider- 
ations, and flagrantly transgress. Shame on such 
selfishness. There is hardly a library in this country 
where the privileges are so unlimited as in ours, and 
it is doubtful if there is a library where they are 
more universally abused. It is a marked fact that 
the abusers are generally those who come from 
where libraries larger than the Sunday-school book- 
shelf are a curiosity; men used to libraries respect 
regulations. It is to be hoped that these nuisances 
to book users in college will be located later where 
the volumes are imprisoned behind iron bars, and 
where each man is absolutely and positively allowed 
but one book to be kept only two weeks. 

Prof. Robinson addressed the Y. M. C. A. after 
prayers on the 17lh. 

The Seniors have been offered the use of Memorial 
Hall for the Class-Day hop. The Salem Cadet Band, 
which furnished such fine music last year will prob- 
ably be secured fur Commencement week. 

The Faculty figure largely on the committees for 
Brunswick's sesqui-centennial in June. Gummer, 
'92, is on the Committee on Antiquities. 

A handsome cup, worth $40, purchased in part 
by Faculty subscriptions, has been secured as the prize 
for class contests at gymnastic exhibitions. Ills made 
of silver, in which gold and oxidized silver work are 
used to good advantage. The lining is gold, dumb- 
bells support the base, wands and foils the cup 
proper, and a huge Indian club caps the cover. 

Merrill, '89, has a badly sprained right wrist. 
He has previously sprained it six times, and this 
last, the worst of all, will prevent its use for several 

Mr. H. J. L. Stanwood, the bookbinder, shows us 
an interesting autograph letter which he received from 
the poet Longfellow in 1878. Mr. Stanwood is a 
son of David Stanwood, '08, and tells of seeing, in 
his boyhood, Prof. Longfellow about the streets of 
Brunswick, and at his father's house. The poet was 
then a very erectandfinelookingyoungman. Mr. Stan- 
wood has an interesting fund of reminiscences of 
early Bowdoin. 

Subjects for the first themes next term : Juniors — 
1. The prevention of bribery at elections. 2. Char- 

acteristics of American humor. Sophomores— 1. 
Easter Sunday. 2. A New England town meeting. 
Spring was ushered in with due ceremony at 
midnight, March 19th. President Hyde and a Bruns- 
wick watchman were guests. The latter became so 
exhilarated that he fired his revolver several times. 
Somebody ought to look after these night-watchmen. 
The Sophs have been in terror of the jury for the 
past week. 

A Junior, a June night, a parlor, 

A maiden fairer than May, 
A Latin grammar between them. 

And, in a tutorial way 
He instructs lier in tliat dead language, 

Which her peace so much disturbs. 
Now with more than conjugal interest 

He hears her conjugate verbs. 

" The passive parts, Liz, of premo? " 

She sits for a moment quite dumb. 
Then, " premor," and " preini," and — cautious, 

She finally says "pressus sum." 
From those rich ruby lips so enchanting. 

Comes the generous invitation. 
He first presses them, next their owner, some. 

And ends up with more osculation. 

A writer in our last fondly hoped that the chapel 
bell might eventually ring for optional prayers. We 
fail to see why it doesn't at present. As long as the 
fifteen rule is so loosely adhered to, and never en- 
forced, "compulsory prayers" is a misnomer. 
Chapel is theoretically required, but practically 
elective. Harsh as it sounds to say it, the fifteen rule 
just now merely puts a premium upon falsehood. 

"Collections of the Pejepscot Historical Society, 
Vol. I., Part I.," has appeared. It contains a lengthy 
article by Professor Chapman. A list of members is 
given which includes most of the Faculty and Lin- 
coln, '91. 

The Glee and Banjo and Guitar Clubs entertained 
at Dover, N. H., last evening, and are at Lewiston 
to-morrow night with a lady soloist. Last Thursday 
evening, with eight or ten picked gymnasts, they 
went to Rockland and gave a mixed concert and 

The '91 Bugle board has organized with Lincoln, 
editor-in-chief, and Loring, business manager. 

The Fryeburg Academy Club held a supper at the 
Tontine, on the evening of the 18th. Thirteen 
alumni and Mr. John E. Dinsniore, Bowdoin, '83, 
the principal, were present. W. P. F. Robie was 
toast-master. There were some half dozen responses 
to the toasts, and festivities were prolonged with 



the usual singing and accomjianiraents till one in the 

Prof. Ropes, of Bangor, spoke on the " Christian 
Athlete" in the chapel last Sunday. 

Tutor Brownson has been recently confined to his 
rooms by illness. 

Well, the end has come. When the local scribe 
iinishes this paragraph he will throw aside his quill 
with a sigh of mingled regret and relief, and pre- 
pare the belongings of his sanctum for his successor's 
use. No more will he assiduously plug the Maine 
dailies for items to eke out a scanty Tabula ; no 
more will he in despair resort to " fake" writing as 
a last expedient; no more will he devote all his arts 
to explaining satisfactorily away certain personal 
paragraphs ; no more will he experience the multi- 
farious joys and sorrow of a local reporter's life. He 
hopes his successor will have a good berth, and ac- 
complish the difficult feat of making the intelligent 
compositor up under the shadow of Bates print copy 
just as written. He might say a lot more things and 
quote some nice poetry, but as art is long, time is 
fleeting, and space is precious, he will simply utter 
" So long." Vive alque vale! 

'23. — It becomes our 
duty in this last issue of 
the year to announce the death of the 
one who has for a long time held the 
honor of being the oldest living graduate of 
Bowdoin College : Rev. Jonas Burnliam of 
Farmington died March 9th, of pneuunonia, aged 
nearly ninety-one years. He was a graduate of Bow- 
doin, class of '23, and a member of the Phi Beta 
Kappa, of Maine. He was principal of Farmington 
Academy for ten years, and was ordained a Congre- 
gational pastor and jjreached for a number of years in 
Strong, Farmington, Wilton, and other places. Later 
in life he taught Greek in Wendell Institute at Farm- 
ington for some years. He retained all his faculties 
up to the time of his death, and the last years of his 
life he has spent in fitting young men for college. 
He heard recitations for the last time, Tuesday morn- 
ing. His career has been a very remarkable one. 
He leaves a wife and three children^ 

'37.— Dr. Thomas Fitch Perley died in Portland 
at the residence oX Mrs. Rensellaer Cram on Danforth 
Street, from a complication of troubles from which 
he had been a sufferer for a long time. Dr. Perley 
was born in Bridgton, February, 1816, and was, 
therefore, in his 74th year at the time of his death. 
His family was descended from Allan Perley, who 
came to Massachusetts from Flintshire, Wales, in 
1G30, and his ancestors had resided in Bridgton for 
many years. He graduated from Bowdoin College 
in the class of 1837, and among his classmates were 
John A. Andrew, Massachusetts' famed war gov- 
ernor; Dr. Fordyce Barker, the eminent New York 
surgeon ; Professor John Jay Butler, of Hillsdale 
College, Mich.; John Lewis Cutler; Rev. Geo. W. 
Field, D.D., of Bangor; Rev. Dr. Fiske, of Bath ; 
Hon. A. R. Hatch, of New Hampshire; C. E. Pike, 
of Calais: William Wilberforce Rand, of the Amer- 
ican Tract Society ; Charles Alexander Savage, of 
Quincj', HI.; Ruf'us King Sewall, Of Wiscasset; 
Hon. John R. Shepley, of St. Louis; Hon. L. D. M. 
Sweat, of Portland ; Hon. George F. Talbot, of Port- 
land, and George Woods, LL.D., of the Western 
University of Pennsylvania. He was one of the two 
leading scholars of his class, Mr. Rand being the 
other ; and these two gentlemen were respectively 
president of the Peucinian and Athensean Societies. 
After graduation Dr. Perley studied medicine with 
Dr. Timothy Little in Portland, took his medical 
degree in the Portland Medical School in 18il, and 
settled in Bridgton to practice his profession. In 
1843 he married Sarah F. Barrows, daughter of 
William and Mary P. (Fessenden) Barrows, who 
died February 15, 1865 without children. In 1853 
Dr. Perley moved to Florida and settled at Hazard's 
Bluff, near Jacksonville. In 1861, at the breaking 
out of the Rebellion, he entered the army, and was 
appointed Brigade Surgeon under Grant in the Army 
of the Tennessee. When Secretary Stanton revised 
the medical service he asked Secretary Fessenden to 
suggest an able and honest surgeon for its head. 
Mr. Fessenden recommended Dr. Perley, and he 
was appointed Medical Inspector General. He did 
much to rectify the abuses of the hospital Service, 
and remained at his post till the close of the war. 

'39. — Rev. Calvin Chapman died in Kennebunk- 
port, March 19th, at the age of 70 years and 4 months. 
He was born in Bethel, Me., and graduated from 
Bowdoin in 1839, and from Andover Theological 
Seminary in 1842. He has been settled over Con- 
gregational churches in Ejoping, N. H., Saccarappa, 
Foxcroft, and Lakeville, 111., and acting pastor in 
Manersville, N. Y., Windham, Vt., Eliot, Andover 
and Standish. His first wife was Lucy B. Emerson 



of Parsonsfield, who died in 1868, leaving two sons 
and one daughter. He again married in 1874 Miss 
Sarah A. Ward, of Kennebunkport, where he has 
since resided, engaged in agriculture, but loving to 
read and study his favorite authors in their Greek 
and Latin originals. 

'44. — Judge Charles W. Goddard died at the Maine 
General Hospital in Portland, March 8th. Charles 
William Goddard was the son of Henry and EHza 
Goddard, and was born in December, 1825, in 
Portland. Among his classmates were Collector 
S. J. Anderson, Postmaster J. S. Palmer, Judge 
W. W. Virgin, D. R. Hastings of Fryeburg, Sheriff 
H. G. Herrick of Saugus, Mass., J. L. Pickard, 
LL.D., of Auburn, Dr. C. E. Swan of Calais, 
Rev. Arthur Swasey, D.D., Horatio Q. Wheeler of 
Westbrook, Henry K. Bradbury and Dr. A. K. P. 
Bradbury' of Hollis. On leaving college he studied 
law in the office of Howard & Shepley of Portland, 
and at the Harvard Law School, and was admitted 
to the bar, November, 1846. After three years' 
practice in Portland he moved to Lewiston Falls, 
where he was in active practice for sixteen years, ex- 
cept from 1861 to 1864, when he was appointed by 
Lincoln, Consul-General to Constantinople. On his 
return from Constantinople, Judge Goddard was for 
a short time engaged in professional business in An- 
droscoggin County. In 1866 he formed a copartner- 
ship with Hon. T. H. Haskell, and rem')ved to Port- 
land. He was attorney for Androscoggin County one 
year, a member of the State Senate in 1858 and 1859 
and president of the Senate the latter year. Upon 
the establishment of the Superior Court for Cumber- 
land County in 1867, he was made its first .judge. 
He applied himself with characteristic zeal and 
energy to the inauguration of this court, drafting tlie 
rules himself to govern its practice, and by his per- 
sonal effort contributing largely to its usefulness and 
success. The prompt administration of justice he 
made the motto of the court, and the motive of his 
own action. While he presided, the delays of the 
law were reduced to a minimum. The rules he 
adopted and the spirit he infused have conspicuously 
influenced the business of this court under all his 
able successors. In 1867 General Chamberlain placed 
him on the commission for the equalization of muni- 
cipal war debts of this State. President (Jrant ap- 
pointed him postmaster of Portland in 1871, and he 
held that office for three terms. Later he was ap- 
pointed to revise the State Statutes, a task demand- 
ing great labor, sound judgment, and critical accu- 
racy. The difficulty of this work was greatly in- 
creased by the limite<l time allowed for its execution. 

But Judge Goddard proved himself equal to the bur- 
den he assumed. He performed much work not 
strictly within the scope of his contract, but of great 
value to the people of the State, as, for instance, the 
careful abstract of the sources of land titles in Maine, 
printed with the revision. Of the whole he made a 
full and convenient index, making reference to the 
statute law of the State easy. Experience and the 
trial of six years afford most honorable testimony to 
the thorough, exact, and judicious performance of 
this great work, for which less than two years' time 
was allowed. In 1872 Judge Goddard was appointed 
by the President and Faculty of the Medical School 
of Bowdoin College to the lectureship on Medical 
Jurisprudence, and he was subsequently chosen pro- 
fessor. For some years he had been a director of 
the American Peace Society, and was a member of 
the Association for the Reform and Codification of 
the Law of Nations, the Bowdoin Club, and Harvard 
Club in Maine. Judge Goddard was twice married ; 
in 1852 to Caroline K. Little, daughter of Hon. T. B. 
Little of Auburn, who died in 1853, leaving one in- 
ftmt son who survived her a few weeks ; and in 1857, 
Rowena C. Morrill, daughter of ex-Governor Ansou 
P. Morrill of Readfield, by whom he has had three 
sons, Anson M., Henry, and Morrill, two of whom 
are graduates of Bowdoin — Anson and Morrill— and 
three daughters, the youngest dying in infancy, 
Rowena and Eliza surviving. Judge Goddard al- 
wajs took deep and intelligent intei'est in public 
affairs, and by his frequent communications in the 
papers of the State, he contributed largely to secure 
a careful consideration of many measures touching 
the welfare of the State. 

'46. — Rev. Charles H. Emerson is now at Blue 
Lake, Humboldt County, California. 

'49. — Hon. Joseph Williamson, who administered 
the oath last Monday to tlie Mayor and City Council, 
performed the same duty at the organization of the 
first city government of Belfast in 1883. — Belfast Age. 

'57. — General Charles Hamlin, of Bangor, has 
been engaged to deliver the Memorial Day address 
for Sedgwick Post of Bath. 

'58. — In January, Hon. Franklin M. Drew was 
appointed Judge of Probate Court in Androscoggin 
County, and at the annual encampment of the Maine 
Grand Army of the Republic was elected Com' 

'60. — Hon. W. W. Thomas has been appointed 
Minister to Sweden and Norway, a position which 
was formerly held by him. 

'79. — Horace E. Henderson was admitted to the 
Plymouth Bar, February 25th. 



79. — J. W. Acliorn was graduated IVoin the Bel- 
levue Hospital Medical School, Monday, j\lai-eh 
llth. Mr. Achorn also graduated from the Bowdoin 
Medical School in '87. 

'81. — William I. Cole is preaching teniporarily in 
the Congregationalist church, Houlton, Me. 

'84. — C. C. Torrey, formerly a tutor in thii col- 
lege, has taken the Seminary Scholarship at Andover 
Theological Seminary. The scholarship comprises 
the sum of $000 for two years, and it is generally 
understood that the recipient will spend his time 

'87. — Mr. Merton L. Kimball, who has been 
elected Supervisor of Schools of Norway, is a grad- 
uate of Bowdoin College, class of '87, and has many- 
friends in this city. — Portland Press. 

The Williams Glee and Banjo Clubs will make 
their Western trip in a special parlor and sleeping 

At the Harvard winter meeting '89 and '91 won 
the tug-of-war. 

At the annual convention of the New England 
Intercollegiate Press Association, Samuel Abbott, 
of the Collegian, was elected Pi-esident for the en- 
suing year, and George H. Hamlin, of the Bales Stu- 
dent, one of the Vice-Presidents. 

The students of the Wisconsin University who use 
tobacco "have organized a tobacco society for the 
sake of mutual protection." — Ex. 

At the Cornell winter meeting Tarbell, '90, low- 
ered the world's record of 7 seconds, on the 17-foot 
rope climb made at Yale in 1884, to 5 seconds. 

Professor — "Now, in cujusdam, what is the force 
of dam?" Prep — " Adds emphasis, sir."— Sx. 

Dartmouth has sent out two hundred and ninety 
college professors, and forty-seven college presi- 
dents. — Ex. 

W. T. Becker of the class of '89 at Wittenberg 
College, O., has been expelled for plagiarism. His 
oration on "Moral Government," delivered at Akron, 

February 21st, at the State Oratorical contest, was 
found to have been taken almost verbatim from an 
article in the Princeton Review for January, 1879, by 
Professor Crocker of Ann Arbor. — Ex. 

Two students at Amherst have started a co-opera- 
tive laundry. They will contract to do all the stu- 
dents' washing for fifteen dollars per year. 

The Journal and Messenger is authority for the 
statement that Mr. Rockefeller is to give a million 
dollars to rebuild Chicago University on the old site, 
and that the eyes of those interested are turned 
toward Dr. Harper, of Yale, for President. 

Dr. Warren, of Boston University, proposes to 
limit the membership of the college to two hundred 
and fifty, and in later years to organize a second Col- 
lege of Liberal Arts with a distinct name and faculty 
and life. Certainly a small college in which students 
have a direct communication and personal acquain- 
tance with the professors, is far preferable to the sys- 
tem of tutors and instructors employed in many of 
the larger American Colleges. — Beacon. 

3/arch is here with fickle weather ; 
.411 the seasons come together : 
ifaining, hailing, sleeting, snowing; 
Calm and tempest, coming, going, 
flarken to the March winds blowing {—Ex. 

The curriculums of the two Argentine Universi- 
ties, which are under the patronage of the govern- 
ment, rank with those of Yale and Harvard. 

A new eating club is to be established at Harvard 
for students who cannot affoid to pay the rates charged 
at Memorial Ilall. Besides the lunch room a library 
will also be provided. The rooms of the club are 
to be situated in a wing of the Lawrence Scientific 
School building. 

The Spring Meet of the Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association, will be held at Worcester, Alay 23d. 
There will be twenty-four events in all. 


'Tis the usual rotation, 

I begin with dissipation, 

Then comes expostulation. 

I try an explanation, 

She talks of detestation. 

And resorts to laohrymation; 

Then I promise reformation, 

And we end with osculation. — Kx. 
From the Amherst Student we clip the following: 
The $1200 which it was decided by the Senate 
that the base-ball management should raise by sub- 
scription before the nine should go into the field, has 
not yet been raised in college. 

At Harvard no one is allowed to compete in the 
athletic meetings unless he has been examined by 
Dr. Sargent for his event. No member of the Uni- 



versity is permitted to witness any sports unless he 
is a member of the association. 

A new club has been started in Harvard which 
has for its pui'poses the promotion of the study of 
electricity and of other topics which are closely al- 
lied with this science. 

Desiring to be true to the last, we will close our 
labors with the following words from the Beacon: 
We have closed the last exchange and our fire burns 
more brightly. Our table is orderly. We close the 
ink bottle, pass our shears and waste-basket to our 
successor and with the cry to the new comer, of "All 
Hail," shuffle off the stage. 


Lectures on Pedagogy. By Gabriel Compayre. Trans- 
lated by W. H. Payne, A.M. Boston, D. C. Heath & 
Co., 1887. 

Those who have had five or ten years of instruc- 
tion under good teachers cannot help having an im- 
plicit knowledge of nearly every subject treated in 
this book. To such, a book on Pedagogy will resem- 
ble in many respects, M. Jourdain's lessons in Prose. 
Still, although the bulk of these five hundred pages 
is occupied with matters which every well-taught 
student knows already, there are enough principles 
of sound theory and precepts of judicious practice 
scattered through the book to make it worth while 
for one who intends to teach to read in the theoreti- 
cal portion, the chapters on Attention, Memory, 
Imagination, Judgment, and Feeling; and in the 
practical parts, the chapters dealing with the sub- 
jects which he proposes to teach. The book is 
founded on psychological principles. It is progres- 
sive in spirit. It is practical in its suggestions. It 
is comparatively free from those subtle divisions and 
pedantic terms, which are the bane of so much peda- 
gogical literature. 

An illustration of the extent to which Manuals of 
Pedagogy have gone in this direction is given on 
pages 270 and 275. In these manuals it says : "You 
will see crowded tables which contain eight forms of 
instruction ; the aoromatic, the erotematic which con- 
tains seven other distinct forms, the catgchetic, socra- 
tic, heuristic, repetitive, examinative, analytic and 
synthetic, and the paralogia, and as if this were not 
enough, there follows a subdivision of processes, as 
the intuitive, comparative, by opposition, etymologi- 
cal, by reasoning, descriptive, by internal observa- 
tion, repetitive, synoptic, by reproductive, and eleven 
processes besides." 

To have lifted the subject out of this barren schol- 
astic formalism into which it had fallen, and to have 

presented the theory and practice of education in 
plain and straight forward language, is a work for 
which every one who is compelled to read pedagog- 
ical treatises will be thankful to the author of these 

Shall We Teach Geology? By Alexander Winohell, 
A.M. Chicago, S. C. Griggs & Co., 1889. 12mo. $1.00. 
Professor Winchell wishes to promote Geology 
from its present inferior position in the scale of 
studies, and give it greater prominence in the gen- 
eral scheme of education. The Professor argues his 
case in the present little book after an interesting 
fashion. He enters into the consideration of educa- 
tion in the abstract, and having disposed of the mat- 
ter with the final decision that true education should 
combine the acquirement of knowledge with train- 
ing of the faculties, he next proceeds to disparage 
the study of Latin and Greek, as well as other lan- 
guages in a lesser degree. The ground here fought 
over has been considerably plowed up by previous 
contention. Professor Winchell is perhaps a little 
more than the average on this point. His apprecia- 
tion of the value of language and literature seems 
to be even less than that of most physical scientists, 
and very few give those branches of education due 
regard. Professor Winchell also seems forgetful of 
the fact that there are other sciences in existence 
beside Geology. He would have the study of Geol- 
ogy introduced into primary schools and continued 
through every year of a student's education. It 
would be a good thing to have more science taught 
in the lower grades of our public schools than is now 
permitted, but whether Geology should be the sole 
scientific pabulum to be provided is open to question. 
What we want is not the more thorough teaching of 
Geology alone, or of Biology alone, or of Physics 
alone, but earlier and better instruction in -all the 
sciences. Professor Winchell's work is worthy of 
careful examination at the hands of educators as a 
special plea. If every man would do as much for his 
favorite branch of science as has been done here for 
Geology, science as a whole would soon find its 
true place in the scheme of education. 

GcroES FOR Science Teaching. No. XIV.— Hints for 

Teachers or Physiology. By H. P. Bowditch, M.D. 

Boston, D. C. Heath & Co., 1889. Pamphlet, pp. 58. 


The series of which this pamphlet is the latest is 
well and favorably known among teachers of science. 
The author of the present number has had long ex- 
perience in teaching as professor at the Harvard 
Medical School, and the practical hints which he pre- 
sents cannot fail to be of immense assistance to 
instructors in Physiology. 




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