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GEO. B. CHANDLER, ".» Managing Editor— Editorials. 

FRED J. ALLEN, "JO Business Editor. 

GEO. W. BLANCHARD, '90— Book Reviews. T. S. BURR, '91— First Local Editor. 
J. M. W. MOODY, '90- Exchanges. E. II. NEWBEGIN, '91— Second Local Editor. 

T. C. SPILLANE, '90- Sporting Matters. C. S. F. LINCOLN, '91— First Personal Editor. 

A. V. SMITH, '90- College World. H. W. JARVIS, '91— Second Personal Editor. 




Index to Volume XIX. 



Editorials George B. Chandler, Editor. 

1, 13, 27, 43, 67, 115, 129, 143, 157, 175, 189, 205, 219, 235, 249, 263, 275 

Exchanges J. M. W. Moody, Editor. 

214, 227, 243, 257, 271, 286 

Book Reviews George W. Blanehard, Editor 

12, 25, 41, 61, 107, 122, 151, 169, 183, 227, 258, 286 

Collegii Tabula T. S. Burr, Editor. 

9, 20, 36, 63, 124, 138, 153, 171, 200, 214, 228, 244, 259, 272, 287 

E. H. Newbegin, Assistant 110, 185 

Personals C. S. F. Lincoln, Editor. 

11, 23, 38, 65, 111, 126, 140, 155, 173, 186, 203, 216, 230 

H. W. Jarvis, Editor 245, 261, 273, 273, 289 

College World A. V. Smith, Editor. 

12, 24, 39, 66, 112, 141, 156, 173, 186, 203, 217, 231, 247, 262, 274, 290 



Abstract of 'Eighty-Nine's Class History W. M. Emery, '89 90 

Abstract of Prof. Everett's Oration G. W. Blanehard, '90 75 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention H. S. Chapman, '91 33 

Angelns, The Edward li. Merrill, '57 236 

Athletic Exhibition C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 284 

Awarding Field-Day Prizes T. S. Burr, '91 54 

Baccalaureate Sermon President Uvde S4 

Base-Ball T. C. Spilia'ne, '90 8, 18, 34, 60 

Base-Ball 11. VV. Jarvis,' 91 138 

Base-Ball Practice , C. B. Burleigh, '87 210 

Bess G. B. Chandler, '90 146 

Board of Overseers C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 99 

Boat-Races E. II. Newbegin, '91 53 

Bowdoin to Have an Eight J. M. W. Moody, '90 253 

Brunswick Sesqui-Centennial (outline) G. B. Chandler. '90 75, 84 

( lass-Day ('S9) H. VV. Jarvis, '91 89 

Class Oration ('89) G. W. Hayes, '89 91 

Class Politics in the 'Fifties G. B. Chandler, '90 211 

College Fraternities for Women 132 

,, ,._,. . (G. B. Chandler, '90, (outline) 

Commencement Dinner ! T „ , . , „ , , . , 

(L. A. Burleigh, '91, (short-hand work) 102-6 

Communications J. F. Hodgdon, '92 8, 269 

Confessio Amantis, A J. M. VV. Moody, '90 179 

Curiosity, A J. F. Hodgdon, '92 163 

Cyrus Woodman Cyrus Hamlin, '34 16 

Dance on the Green C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 90 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention T. S. Burr, '91 166 

'Eighty-Nine's Class Supper W. M. Emery, '89 47 • 

'Eighty-Nine in the Legal Profession F. L. Staples, '89 278 

Electricity, and lis Relations to the Present Earle A. Merrill, '89 266 

Explanation of Re-arrangement of the Library. . .Professor Little 163 

Face and a Fancy, A G. B. Chandler, '90 70 

Field-Day Tournament 11. VV. Jarvis, '91 52 

Foot-Ball II. W. Jarvis, '91 151, 167, 182 

Freshman Psychically, The J. M. W. Moody, '90 137 

INDEX.— {Continued.) 

Gleanings from the Alumni Reunions G. B. Chandler, '90 237 

How to Write an Orient Article J. M. W. Mood}', '90 30 

In Memorial Hall (Ivy-Day) G. B. Chandler, '90 55 

In Memoriani * 24, 39, 246 

Ivy Hop J. M. W. Moody, '90 59 

Ivy Oration G. F. Freeman, '90 48 

John Boyle O'Reilly in Brunswick Chandler and Jarvis ... .196 

Journalism in Colleges W. W. Poor, '91 7 

Lesson from Byron, A J. M. W. Moody, '90 160 

Making Up Back Work J. F. Hodgdon, '92 118 

Medical Graduation G. W. Blanchard, '90 , 96 

My Three Girls J. M. W. Moody, '90 223 

Mr. Maynard's Story G. B. Chandler, '90 280 

Needed Addition, A J. F. Hodgdon, '92 136 

New England Intercollegiate Press Association. . .G. B. Chandler, '90 256 

New Bowdoin Cheer, A H. S. Chapman, '91 254 

'Ninety-Three's Opportunity J. M. VV. Moody, '90 209 

'Ninety-Two's Opportunity "Ninety-Two" 241 

Of an Evening G. B. Chandler, '90 ^69 

Of Gall C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 46 

Open Letter, An W. M. Emery, '89 17 

Option or Compulsion J. F. Hodgdon, '92 149 

Option or Compulsion , B. D. Ridlon, '91 162 

Orient's Opportunity, The H. W. Kimball, '92 255 

Other Side, The A. P. McDonald, '91 148 

Our Reading-Room Par Excellence J. M. VV. Moody, '90 181 

Outlook in Athletics, The H. S. Chapman, '91. 933 

Outlook in Religion, The D. E. Owen, '89 252 

Our Footing E. H. Newbegin, '91 33 

Parting Address of Medical Department H. M. Moulton, '87 97 

Perplexities and Possibilities of the Young Journalist. . W. M. Emery, '89 222 

Pedagogical Perplexities F. V. Gummer, '92 178 

Phi Beta Kappa C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 100 

Plain Talk for the Nine G. B. Chandler, '90 224 

Planting the Ivy J. M. W. Moody, '90 50 

Plea for "Dora," A G. B. Chandler, '90 119 

Play Ball E. I. Young, '92 241 

I'oems of Ossian A. W. Tolman, '88 193 

Procession, The E. II. Newbegin, '91 80 

Professor Robinson's Junior Reception J. M. W. Moody, '90 74 

President's Reception G. B. Chandler, '90 106 

Reading and Re-reading G. B. Chandler, '90 120 

Recent Gifts to the College G. B. Chandler, '90 135 

Senior's Last Chapel G. B. Chandler, '90 58 

Southern Question ('OS Prize) F. L. Staples, '89 3 

Sowing Wild Oats G. W. Blanchard, '90 '. 6 

Stolen Moments G. B. Chandler, '90 197 

Tablets in Memorial Hall, The G. B. Chandler, '90 73 

Theta Delta Chi Convention C. E. Riley, '91 199 

Theme Writing A. W. Tolman, '88 208 

" Those Sly Freshmen " J. M. W. Moody, '90 198 

Tear vs. the Chisel, The F. V. Gummer," '92 32 

Tom Reed as a College Boy G. B. Chandler, '90 195 

Will a Training Table Pay? (Other Colleges) 267 

Young Men's Christian Association Convention . . . . H. W. Jarvis, '91 150 


Above My Door C. W. Peabody, '93 270 

Adapted H. P. Godfrey, '91 153 

After Hearing 'Eighty-Nine's Class-Day History. . . W. M. Emery, '89 124 

Another Year C. W. Peabody, '93 189 

At Les Eboulements Duncan Campbell Scolt 205 

Auf Wiedersehen H. W. Kimball, '92.. 256 

Bad Off!! G. B. Chandler, '90 213 

Battle Scene Remains, The George S. Berry, '86 119 

Biological B. D° Ridlon, '91 36 

INDEX— {Continued.) 

Black Death, The L. A. Burleigh, '91 197 

Verse C. S. F. Lincoln, 91 200 

Blushing Rose, A H. S. Chapman, '91 285 

Botanical H. P. Godfrey, '91 172 

Centennial Poem Professor H. L. Chapman 78 

Class Ode ('89) W. S. Elder), '89 90 

Class Poem. ('89) F. H. Hill, '89 94 

Co-educational P.. D. Ridlon, '91 110 

Conversations at a Picnic 134 

Did You Ever? H. W. Kimball, '92 270 

Easter Idyl, An B. D. Ridlon, '91 8 

Elm Branches C. W. Peabody, '93 226 

Epic T. S. Burr, '91 168 

Foot-Ball B. D. Ridlon, '91 149 

For Rs Russian, You Know .B. D. Ridlon, '91 226 

Forerunner of Spring,. A G. B. Chandler, '90 257 

Fountain, The C. W. Peabody, '93 194 

Genius P. E. Stanley, '93 165 

Good Investment, A G. B. Chandler, '90 285 

Hancock Brook H. Bernard Carpenter 219 

Hardly G. B. Chandler, '90 227 

He Knew the Game H. S. Chapman, '91 271 

Her Charms Yale Record 175 

Home by the Sea, A C. W. Peabody, '93 211 

Horrible ! T. S. Burr, '91 171 

In Bachelors' Hall C. W. Peabody, '93 213 

In the Lab B. D. Ridlon, '91 172 

Ivy Ode ('90) F. E. Simpson, '90 58 

Ivy Poem ('90) F. J. Allen, '90 , 50 

Joke(ose) L. A. Burleigh, '91 242 

Kisses and Yesses L. A. Burleigh, '91 243 

Last Waltz, The C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 157 

Let Her Flicker G. B. Chandler, '90 242 

Locomotive Whistle, A C. W. Peabody, '93 279 

Maid of Athens, A B. D. Ridlon, '91 200 

Mood, A G. B. Chandler, '90 13 

Misplaced Confidence B. D. Ridlon, '91 257 

Mistaken H. S. Chapman, '91 270 

My Gentle Country Lass G. B. Chandler, '90 179 

Old, Old Spell, The G. B. Chandler, '90 59 

Ode to Night T. S. Burr, '91 213 

Ode to the Fog C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 129 

Old Girls, The G. B. Chandler, '90 226 

Only a Glance 11. W. Kimball, '92 270 

•' ( tnly This anil Nothing More " G. B. Chandler, '90 213 

Parlor Legislation L. A. Burleigh, '91 257 

Past and Future B.I). Ridlon, '91 180 

Practical F. V . Grimmer, '92 143 

Reunion Poem (Portland) A. W. Tolman 329 

Rhyme from Catullus, A II. W. Kimball, '92 285 

Risible Rhyme, A G. B. Chandler, '90 1 

Reverie, A C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 257 

"Sic Volvere Parcas" C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 242 

Skater, The T. S. Burr, '91 226 

Song of the Junior, The T. S. Burr, '91 2.S2 

Spring Snug, A C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 285 

Spring Spasm, A C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 17 

Sunset on Mount Kearsage P. R. Stanley, '93 122 

Telegraphic [diosyncracies F. V. Gummer, '92 268 

Three Tides, The c. W. Peabody, '98 242 

Through the Mist C. W. Peabody, '93 162 

To Our Printers G. B. Chandler, '90 270 

Toast, A B. I). Ridlon, '91 75 

To M\ Room C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 225 

Trouble Ahead Kennebec Journal 9 

When His Feet, They Struck the Floor G. B. Chandler, '90 213 

Why Dusl Thou SoP I. M. W. Moody, '90 31 

Wise ami Otherwise G. B. Chandler," '90 285 


Vol. XIX. 


No. 1. 




Geo. 15. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittance^ should be made to ttie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Kditor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Qffice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 1.- April 24, 1889. 

A Risible Rhyme, 1 

Editorial Notes 1 

The Southern Question ('08 prize essay) 3 

Sowing Wild Oats (i 

Journalism in Colleges, 7 

An Easter Idyl 8 

Communication 8 

Collegii Tabula, 9 

Personal 11 

College World 12 

Book Reviews, . . . » 12 


I love to sit in the dreamy room, 

And smoke the mild cigar ; 
I love to chat with my comrades gay, 

And hear the glad " Ha ! Ha ! " 

I love to lounge in an easy chair, 

With a maiden on my knee, 
And tell her many a wicked tale, 

And hear the soft " He ! He ! " 

But mostly I love, with a reckless air, 

To shatter the languid law, 
While round about, with a merry shout, 

Is sounded the loud guffaw. 

The Orient is the representative 
publication of our college. It is the organ 
of no class, clique, or fraternity. Its aim 
should be to represent candidly and liberally 
the legitimate claims of those bearing either 
complaints or commendation. It should have 
no tinge of local coloring or personal preju- 
dice ; but at the same time it should be free 
to render any criticism or champion any 
cause which falls within the scope of educa- 
tion and educational institutions, whether at 
Bowdoin or elsewhere. While possessing 
that mixture of chaff and wheat which is 
characteristic of the life it represents, it 
should also look with a wary eye to the 
distorted opinion of college enormities, which 
the public persist in entertaining. 

Such, in brief, is our ideal of the publi- 
cation which has fallen to our lot ; an ideal 
which, as we are well aware, our prejudices, 
abilities, and restrictions will not permit us 
to attain. We only ask that our patrons 
will consider the degree of our failure as the 
degree of our fallibility and not of our in- 

The board under whose charge the 
Orient has been for the past year have well 
maintained the previous standard. Its edito- 
rial columns have jealously guarded college 
interest and college honor, and have rendered 


searching and unbiased criticism upon all 
delinquencies and assaults. They have been 
practical, forcible, and straight to the mark. 

The local editor, as is always the case, 
has possessed the difficult task of discrimi- 
nating between what is of interest and what 
is stale and unreadable, and of serving up 
commonplace events in a racy, catching 
style. This has been done in a manner much 
in advance of those preceding volumes which 
have come under our observation. 

For the personal column, we feel that we 
can add nothing to the satisfaction expressed 
by the alumni. 

To emphasize the sincerity of our com- 
mendation, let us add a word of criticism. 
In two or three instances party and class 
prejudices seem to have cropped out just a 
little. If, however, the present volume shall 
be equally free from any such tendencies, we 
shall feel that we have acquitted ourselves 
most satisfactorily. 

The publication of the '68 prize essay 
needs no explanation. The occasion of its 
delivery is one of the leading college events, 
and its attainment one of the leading college 
honors. Hence it seems to us as worthy of 
publication and interest as Ivy-Day and 
Commencement parts. We commend the 
present essay equally for the interest of the 
subject and the manner in which it is treated. 

Do you want to get on the Orient? So 
great lias been the difficulty in securing 
contributions, especially for the summer 
term, that one of the previous boards went 
so far as to offer prizes for the best written 
articles. It is a matter of regret that the 
present condition of the Ouient exchequer 
will not warrant any such disbursement, but 
in view of that melancholy fact, we will 
adopt tlic next best course, namely, to im- 
press Upon all aspirants that, other tilings 
being equal, articles handed in during the 

present term will count more than those 
handed in later. It has generally been the 
custom to wait until there are only three or 
four issues remaining, and then to bombard 
the Orient office with an invoice of hastily 
written matter ; it comes at a time when the 
editors are old in experience and loaded with 
manuscript, and some of real merit, must 
of necessity, be crowded out. In the summer 
term, on the other hand, are an abundance 
of topics, a dearth of matter, and a grateful 
but inexperienced board. Now is the time 
to play the winning card. 

There is something strangely inspiring 
in the forceful unison of a college or class 
yell, and it is a matter of some surprise that 
amid the successful popularity of the latter, 
the former is as yet unfledged. The base-ball 
season is approaching and our ears will soon 
be regaled with the familiar " Boom-a-lack-a, 
boom-a-lack-a, boom, Bates, boom " of a sis- 
ter institution. It is a small thing, but it is 
one of those seemingly insignificant features 
whose aggregate impart to college life its 
peculiar charm ; and it would be strange if 
some semi-poetic genius could not devise a 
medley of syllables into which the ven- 
erable name of Bowdoin would fit with the 
euphony and force which it deserves. A 
practical scheme would be to start a sub- 
scription paper and offer a prize for the best 

As often as the seasons come around 
there appear the same stereotyped praises 
and extravagant predictions concerning the 
nine. This is a wrong — a wrong to the nine, 
to the alumni, and to the college. It is 
a wrong to the nine because it gives the 
public a false estimate of their strength, and 
places them in an embarrassing position ; it 
is a wrong to the alumni because it is their 
desire to learn as accurately as possible just 
what the prospects are, and, when the pre- 


dictions are invariably good, they cease to be 
any index whatever ; it is a wrong to the col- 
lege because it is thus laid open to the old 
accusation of " Bowdoin conceit." There- 
fore, it will be the aim of the Orient to give 
the opinions, not of itself, but of the student 
body, regarding this, the most central and 
interesting of all sports. 

The selection is the best that could have 
been made, provided the men are played in 
the right positions. Fish should catch, and 
Hilton and Thompson are at present the 
most promising pitchers. 

In fielding the nine promises to be up to 
the average. In batting it is strong — excep- 
tionally strong. 

But as the game progresses and becomes 
a science as well as an art, more and more 
depends upon the pitching. There is just 
where we are uncertain. We may have 
the best twirlers in the league and we 
may have the poorest. It is largely an ex- 
periment, for neither of them have served 
in a league contest. Hilton possesses good 
curves and that indispensable quality, a clear 
head. He did good work on local clubs last 
summer and is making a good showing. 
Thompson possesses the advantage of 
being left-handed, and last fall succeeded in 
holding the Colby's down to six hits, with 
no earned runs. The captaincy is efficient, 
and the society feeling dormant. 

That is all we know about it ; the alumni 
can judge for themselves. 

The cuts of Boston newsboys exercising 
the manly art for the possession of a hole in 
the fence, during a league game, awaken an 
interest to which the dilapidated comic pub- 
lications of the reading-room bear witness. 
We need only to attend one of our own ball 
games, however, to find an illustration of the 
same principle. Where there is no fence, 
even though the ludicrous element is want- 
ing, the principle remains the same. 

From diminutive " yaggers " we should 
expect nothing else, nor should we from a 
certain class of more mature years ; but 
from the students, those by whom the nine 
is supported, the management have a right 
to expect something different. Indeed, the 
resident patrons are hardly culpable for do- 
ing that in which we are, ourselves, a con- 
spicuous example. 

Such a proceeding cannot be dignified 
by the name of economy ; it is sordid. It is 
not in harmony with our liberal Bowdoin 

Every student, as a young man of educa- 
tion and culture, should consider it a blot 
upon bis self-respect to join the rank and file 
of "yaggers " in hanging over a ball-ground 

By F. L. Staples. 

There is no more important question be- 
fore the American people to-day than the 
Southern question. It is important because 
the future of a race depends on its solution. 
It is important because our most cherished 
institutions are imperiled by its existence. It 
is important because the sacred honor of the 
United States is bound up in its settlement. 

The question is a national one. If the 
future of the South is at stake, no less is the 
future of free government in America. The 
equality of its citizens and the purity of 
the ballot are the two fundamental princi- 
ples upon which our government rests. Any- 
thing which threatens to destroy the one, or 
violate the other, is a menace to our institu- 
tions. The Southern question threatens in 
both these directions, and because it thus 
threatens it imperatively demands the seri- 
ous attention of the people and the most 
delicate, careful, and matured action on the 
part of their representatives. 

The social and political phases of this 
question so shade into each other that it is 


not easy to say where one ends and the other 
begins. Yet they are distinct and the solu- 
tion for one will apply only in a limited 
degree to the other. 

The chief obstacle in the way of a speedy 
settlement of this problem is race-preju- 
dice. The use of the term casts no reproach 
on either the white or the black. A love for 
one's own people is a sentiment implanted 
in man. In this case it is not, as some assert, 
a result of the war. It is innate in the races. 

At the close of the war we find four mil- 
lions of negroes, ignorant beyond conception, 
poor beyond imagination, helpless as infants. 
In an instant, by a stroke of the pen, they 
had been raised from the most degrading 
slavery to the full measure of American cit- 
izenship. Reliable statistics tell us that in 
1865 not one negro in five hundred could 
read, not one in one thousand could 
write, not one in five hundred had five dol- 
lars' worth of property of any kind. With- 
out experience in providing for themselves, 
debarred even from earning their daily bread, 
they were suddenly brought into direct op- 
position with a people, famous for self-reli- 
ance and love of rule, whose hatred and 
contempt for the inferior race had become 
intensified a thousand-fold by the issue of 
the conflict just closed. 

Was there ever a more unequal struggle? 
On the one side, wealth, learning, culture, 
experience; on the other, abject poverty, 
dense ignorance, utter helplessness. 

The result was precisely what might have 
been expected. The government would lend 
no aid, might conquered right, and the black 
yielded sullen obedience to a power with 
which he was unable to cope. His long- 
looked-for freedom has become like the ap- 
ples of Sodom. Nominally he is free. In 
reality he is bound by fetters more galling 
than those which slavery imposed upon him. 

Four remedies have been proposed — mi- 
gration, amalgamation, disfranchisement, and 

education. But we may as well make up 
our minds that the negro is here to stay, and 
he is to stay as a negro and not as a half- 
breed. He will not migrate. He will not 
amalgamate, and you cannot disfranchise him. 
But you can educate him. 

It is surprising, nay it is infamous, that 
with an overflowing treasury, the govern- 
ment should refuse its aid to any jflan that 
promises to untie, even slowly, this Gordian 
knot in our domestic economy. Every con- 
sideration of justice, of humanity, of self- 
preservation, urges us to educate the negro. 
The government took from him all the means 
of support he had. It enrolled him in the 
Union army, and his enthusiastic and un- 
questioning loyalty, his fidelity and valor, 
illumine some of the brightest pages of 
American history. The wrongs he has en- 
dured, the injustice he has suffered, call 
for something more than a declaration in a 
party platform or an occasional speech in 

If this question is ever settled, if justice 
is ever done, it will come through the chan- 
nel of education. It is the indispensable 
requisite of intelligent citizenship. Without 
it the ballot becomes a two-edged sword in 
the possession of a force capable of inflict- 
ing terrible injury. Under a government 
like ours, the intelligence of the citizen is 
the only guarantee of the permanence of our 
institutions. Take it away and their stabil- 
ity is gone. They may exist for a time, but 
only on toleration. Once let some issue 
present itself which, to their uneducated 
minds, threatens injury to their race, and in 
an instant the hordes of Ignorance and Su- 
perstition crystallize around a common cen- 
ter and rush blindly to the destruction of 
the best interests of themselves and of the 

It often happens that the remedy which 
is safest and surest is longest in producing 
material results. It is so in this case. Edu- 


cation is, without doubt, the only remedy for 
the malady. Other things may check and 
repress, but this alone will cure. It will not 
cure in a day nor a generation, but it will in 

In educating the negro we must begin at 
the bottom, we must begin in the common 
schools. It is not great colleges and univer- 
sities that the negro needs. It is one vast 
people's college. It is a school-house and a 
church at every cross-roads, a primary-school 
teacher and a missionary in every hamlet 
until the South is honey-combed with schools 
and Bibles. 

When his rudimentary education has 
been finished the scholar should be promoted, 
but not to what in the South is called a 
college. The mind of the average negro is 
not yet fitted to grapple with Philosophy, 
Science, Art, and Calculus. The next step 
in his education should be technical schools, 
trade schools, schools of the practical arts. 
He must learn how to work. He must 
learn the power of persistent application. 
His inherent tendency to laziness must be 
counteracted and overcome, and he must 
learn that to earn his daily bread by the 
sweat of his own brow is the only way to 
permanent and true success. 

When this rudimentary and technical ed- 
ucation has been completed, several bene- 
ficial results will follow. In the first place 
a more general diffusion of the negro will 
take place. He will not be compelled to 
remain in a locality where he is handicapped 
by a single way of earning a livelihood, and 
where excessive competition displays its 
most ruinous effects. He will be free to 
seek a home in a locality where he can sup- 
port his family by the craft he mastered in 
one of the technical schools ; in a locality 
where he can become a respected member of 
a community in which " law is the rule of 
conduct," and courts, not mobs, execute its 

The power of the illiterate masses will be 
broken. Situated as they now are they can 
collectively wield a vast power for evil, but 
when they become more widely diffused the 
ballot of the ignorant and uninformed voter 
will be neutralized by that of the intelligent 
citizen. But to educate so many millions 
of people requires a vast sum of money. 
Where will it come from ? Some will say, 
" Let Philanthropy furnish it." The answer 
is not satisfactory. Philanthropy has already 
done so much that we cannot decently ask 
for more. For a quarter of a century the 
money of northern philanthropists has flowed 
into the South. Whatever the motive, fame, 
good report, or human kindness, matters not. 
It has been supplied and with a lavish hand. 
But it is too spasmodic in its flow and it is 
not systematically applied. The case de- 
mands a regular, systematic application of 
funds, distributed in the respective States 
according to the proportion of illiterates ; 
expended in building school-houses, in pay- 
ing teachers, and providing books. 

The plea that the government cannot con- 
stitutionally appropriate the funds is invalid. 
The Constitution gives Congress the power 
to provide for the common welfare of the 
United States. " Laws for the support of South- 
ern schools rest on the same fundamental 
principle as the various acts for the support 
of the military and naval academies." Says 
Judge Tourge"e, under various acts nearly 
two billion acres of the public domain have 
been appropriated for purposes of education. 
Schools have been established, funds have 
been created for the establishment in various 
States of institutions of a peculiar class or 
character. Indeed, the whole course of the 
government tends to show an almost univer- 
sal concurrence in the idea that the power 
to promote science and the useful arts must 
include that master-key to all science and 
art — the general intelligence of the citizen 
and the prevalence among all classes of the 



people of that rudimentary knowledge with- 
out which neither science nor art can flourish. 

Finally, will education solve the political 
problem ? I answer, not directly, and by no 
means immediately. The men who commit 
the assassinations in the South, men who 
have no scruples about taking human life, 
will little heed the influence of the spelling- 
book. The strong arm of the law is the 
only thing they fear and they should be 
taught to cherish that wholesome reverence. 
Such men are simply felons. They have no 
claim upon the mercy of a court. They 
should be given a fair trial, sentenced 
to the full extent of the law, and be put 
forever beyond the bounds of executive 

For twenty-five years the cries of this op- 
pressed and downtrodden people have rung 
in the ears of the North. For a quarter of 
a century the black man has pleaded for jus- 
tice. He has suffered untold wrongs, he 
has been beaten, scourged, aud maimed. 
He has seen the government for which he 
shed his blood send ships loaded with food 
to foreign lands, while his family were starv- 
ing at home. He has seen the same govern- 
ment spend thousands of dollars to save a 
purjured horse thief from the clutches of 
Mexican law, while it refuses to lift a finger 
to punish the murderers of his kindred. He 
has seen the children of his white neighbor 
surrounded bj r every advantage for obtain- 
ing an education, while his own children are 
driven from the school-house door, and must 
grow up in ignorance. Time after time has 
he begged for bread and as often has the 
nation given a stone. 

Must this always be so? Must the 
United States forever bear the stigma of in- 
gratitude and perjury? Is there no remedy? 
Yes. " The remedy for darkness is light ; 
for ignorance, knowledge ; for wrong, right- 
eousness. Let the nation undo the wrong it 
permitted and encouraged; let it educate 

those whom it made ignorant and protect 
those whom it made weak, not. as a matter 
of favor to them, but of safety to the 


Why is it that many people think a fellow 
must sow a few wild oats in his youth ? 

In this opinion are they simply making 
allowance for the natural overflow of his an- 
imal spirits? Or do they reason that because 
many bright, active men have been wild in 
their youth, a young man who isn't has no 
spirit ? 

Their judgment must be founded upon 
one of these ideas, though if confronted with 
them they would probably evade them both 
by saying that " boys will be boys." They 
would not care to lay themselves open to the 
charge of idiocy by saying that the " nat- 
ural overflow of animal spirits " cannot be 
directed into proper channels instead of be- 
ing allowed to destroy the head and heart 
and body of a young man ; nor would they 
have the hardihood to argue, that because 
some geniuses have been dissipated in youth, 
a fellow who is a little wild is in a fair 
way to become a genius. Yet you and I 
have met scores of persons who do hold the 
opinion stated in the beginning, though, 
strange to say, there were among them no 
mothers of boys. 

This, by way of preface. I wish particu- 
larly to speak of the fellow who scorns to 
perform faithfully the routine of his college 
course ; who thinks to indulge himself a lit- 
tle during this period, planning to settle 
down, when he gets through (?), into a so- 
ber, industrious citizen. 

Now, to such a man, a college course is 
useless. He ignores its very object. Instead 
of developing a clear, logical mind, with 
powers of observation and close application, 
he is dwarfing these faculties by neglecting 
to use them. And this is not all ; he is weak- 


ening his will power by self-indulgence, and 
depriving hipiself of the very strength which 
he will need in order to overcome the vices 
that may get a hold on him. 

Geniuses are rare, and the average young 
man, to succeed in the rush and struggle of 
our American business life, needs to have all 
his faculties trained and completely at his 
command at the start. The man who has 
neglected them during his college course is 
four years behind in the race. 

The time that a man spends in college is 
the most plastic period of his life, and it is a 
sad thing for him to throw away the pros- 
pect of a useful life for the trifling pleasures 
of the moment. 


In our conversations with men of the pres- 
sent day, how often do we hear journalism 
denounced ! The ignorant deem it a trick 
of coining falsehoods for money. Many of 
the educated, amazed at its rapid growth, 
entertain serious doubts as to its effect upon 
the nation. And some of our most popu- 
lar writers ridicule the idea of a college edu- 
cation for an editor by giving utterance to 
remarks such as that of Greeley, " Of all 
horned animals, a college graduate in the 
editorial chair is the worst." 

To-day, the press is the most powerful 
element in shaping the destinies of a repub- 
lic. In no other way can one exert a greater 
influence over the people. Thus it is nat- 
ural that those who are desirous of swaying 
the popular sentiment should resort to this 
method, as did the ancients to oratory. 

A century ago the press was content to 
follow in the wake of popular opinion ; to- 
day it aspires to direct the mind of the pub- 
lic. The question then arises, who shall 
take upon themselves this responsibility ? 
Shall it be men who have first been provided 
with a liberal education, or those who have 

picked up their information in a printing 
office and obtained their experience from 
observation? Undoubtedly an education of 
this latter sort is beneficial, but it leaves the 
man selfish and his intellect narrow. The 
argument in favor of this course is the 
fact that a great number of our journal- 
ists have acquired their education in this 

But when we consider that the boy who 
enters the printing office is likely to stick to 
the work, and that the one who has real tal- 
ent is sure to be recognized and brought 
forward, we do not wonder that so many 
of our journalists have been uneducated 

But when we make a careful inquiry into 
the lives of these men, and closely examine 
their works, we are conscious that through 
the lack of education they themselves, as 
well as their country, have sustained a heavy 
loss. On the other hand, when we notice 
the natural antipathy to any form of compo- 
sition in our colleges, and when we consider 
the fact that the most of those who have 
become journalists chose their profession 
before entering college, we arrive at the con- 
clusion that no great part of this talent is 

Considering the proportions that journal- 
ism is assuming in its influence upon the 
public sentiment, and the great impetus that 
would be given to the interests of education 
should the highly educated become the rul- 
ing element, is it not the duty of every col- 
lege student as a citizen of a great republic 
and promoter of our systems of education, 
to develop all the talent he may possess in 
this direction ? And also the duty of the 
professor, which he owes in part to the stu- 
dents, but more to his country, to carefully 
estimate the ability of each, and encourage 
those who may possess this talent to any 
extent to make special exertions in this de- 



A Senior grave, whose brow serene 
A haven of classic thought doth seem, 
With dignified and stately mien, 
The church he seeks. 

He sits in his accustomed seat, 
And hears the choir the hymns repeat ; 
The melody, so soft and sweet, 
Upon him creeps. 

He hears the reverend parson, old, 
Whose voice the Scriptures doth unfold, 
In monotone so slowly rolled ; 
He nods ; he sleeps. 


In the last issue of the Orient, in the 
article, " What We Need," the writer speaks 
of the address at the end of the year before 
the Athenian and Peucinian Societies, by an 
eminent speaker. Of course there is a great 
need of some general literary society in every 
college, and Bowdoin is sadly lacking in that 
respect. But because we lack in one thing 
should we lack in another? Because we lack 
general literary societies, should we sit down 
and lament the loss of certain of the accom- 
paniments of the societies? Is it not possi- 
ble to have an address at the end of the 
year, before the whole body of students, 
without the existence of such societies? 
Could not a committee be appointed by the 
different fraternities in the college to obtain 
a speaker to deliver an address before the 
body of students in the same manner as for- 
merly the Athemean and Peucinian Societies 
did ? Much time seems to be wasted in 
lamenting our sad fate, which might be prof- 
itably used in bettering our condition. Can- 
not some action be taken in regard to this 
matter ? 

In college seniority the Hon. Geo. Bancroft, the 
well-known American historian, is the oldest living 
Harvard alumnus, having been born October 3, 
1800, and graduated in 1817.— Ex. 


Bowdoin, 10; Bath, 6» 
On Saturday, the 20th iust., our nine 
played the Baths with the following results : 


Packard, 3b., 5 

Freeman, 2b., .... 2 

Fogg, l.f., 4 

Thompson, r.f., p., . . .4 

Hilton, p., c.f., .... 4 

Fish, c.f., c 4 

Jordan, s.s., 4 

Downes, lb., 5 

Hastings, c, 2 

Tukey, r.f., 2 

Total, 36 10 

Brown, p 5 

Neagle, 3b., 4 

Dunning, c, 4 1 

S.kofield, 2b 5 1 

Hubbard, r.f 4 2 

Parks, lb., 5 1 

Farnham, l.f 5 1 

Stevens, s.s., 4 

Carr, c.f., 4 

Total, 40 

Bath, . 



3 2 

2 0—10 


Earned runs— 1. Two-base hits— Thompson and Parks. 
Home run — Freeman. Stolen bases — Freeman, 4; Fogg, 2; 
Thompson, 1; Hilton, 1; Fish, 1; Jordan, 3; Hastings, 1; 
Dunning, 2; Hubbard, 1; Parks, 1; Farnham, 1. Base on 
balls — Freeman, 3; Fogg, 1; Hilton, 1; Hubbard 1; Farn- 
ham,!. Struck out — Bowdoin, 8; Bath, 4. Hitbypitched 
ball — Thompson, Hastings, Dunning. Wild pitches- 
Brown^. Passed balls— Dunning, 4; Hastings, 3. Double 
plays— Brown, Parks, Dunning. Time of game— 2 hours 15 
minutes. Umpire — Haskell, of Medical College. 

Probably the richest college professor in the 
world is Professor E. E. Salisbury of Yale. He is 
a millionaire, and his fortune was made by invest- 
ments in Boston real estate. Professor Salisbury is 
about seventy years old, is a man of courtly de- 
meanor, and has traveled over nearly the whole 
world. — Ex. 

Oberlin College claims the honor of being the 
first to open its doors to women, while the Georgia 
Female College was the first that was exclusively 
devoted to them. 



Soon the whizzing ball will fly 

From the banging bat; 
Soon the crazy crowd will cry: 

" Moses, look at that ! " 

Soon the umpire will begin 

Calling strikes and balls, 
And whichever side may win, 

Let him look for squalls. 

Soon the fancy players' names 

Every one will know, 
And the interest in the games 

Every day will grow. 

Yes, indeed! we're on the brink 

Of confusion dire, 
And — which club, now, do you think 

"Will be the pennant-flyer ? 

The above effusion from the Kennebec Journal is 
particularly applicable to the Maine colleges just at 

Briggs, '90, has been compelled to leave college 
on account of ill health. 

Hill and Bartlett, '88, and Raz Manson, ex-'89, 
were in town March 27th and took in the athletic 

Hunt, '90, will teach at Friendship during the 
spring term. 

Nature put up a joke on the Pine Tree State in the 
shape of six inches of the beautiful, April 1st. It's 
a cold day when Nature can't work in her little 

The Sophomores indulged in a series of adjourns 
the day after the athletic exhibition. 

The athletic exhibition netted the association 
$150. -10, a gain of about $33 over last year's pro- 

Prof. J. S. Sewall, formerly of Bowdoin, but now 
of the Bangor Theological Seminary, occupied the 
Congregational pulpit March 31st at both morning 
and evening services. The subject of his evenino- 
discourse was an account of a great missionary 
meeting which he attended in London while abroad. 

Merrill, '87, was present at the '68 prize speaking. 

The Sophomores are beginning to resurrect their 
water pails, and stroke their Phi Chi hats with a 
loving touch as they meditate on the possibilities and 
probabilities of the approaching spring campaign. 

Humphrey, '90, has rejoined his class after a pro- 
tracted illness. 

Tutor Brownson was tendered a farewell recep- 
tion and banquet by the A. K. E. Fraternity at their 
hall, March 29th. 

A Portland writer in the Lewiston Journal, speak- 
ing of the college boys who pass their vacations at 
home, adds the following, which will be appreciated 
by many of our Maine cities : 

The college boy, bless his dear heart ! One day he 
appears on the street in a three-button cutaway, without 
overcoat, gloves and cane in hand, the latter grasped 
tightly about two-thirds of the way to the end, arms out, 
toes in. The next day, irrespective of temperature, he 
strides along in a trailing ulster. But then, we can't get 
along without his rollicking good cheer. He's the jolliest, 
most open-hearted, most generous, most careless, kindest, 
merriest, and liveliest creature on earth. Long live the 
college dude ! 

Bodge, Clark, Elden, Files, Merrill, Neal, Owen, 
Fred Russell, Stacy, and Stearns, have received pro- 
visional appointments for Commencement. 

A youthful Freshman who has but recently begun 
to crop the down from his lip and chin, blossoms out 
thus : 

I illustrate my manly upper lip 

Each blessed time when shaving, 
For every gash from the razor's slip 
Is a steel cut, or engraving. 

Frank Russell represented his charge at the an- 
nual New England convention and banquet of 
6. A. X., at Young's, April 17th. 

R. F. Bartlett, '92, passed his vacation in Boston. 

Mitchell, '90, occupies the principal's chair of the 
Pembroke High School, with W. O. Hersey as assist- 

The ir. T. Fraternity is boarding at the Tontine 
this term. 

The Juniors will divide on electives for the spring 
term as follows : Astronomy, 18 19 ; history, 10 15 ; 
botany, 8 14 ; anatomy, 8 : French, 3 5 ; chemistry, 2 ; 
physics, 1 ; undecided, 8. The two required studies 
are German and Mineralogy. 

The Senior's take ethics, this term, through a 
series of lectures delivered by President Hyde. No 
text-books are used. 

It is rumored that Prof. Hutchins, with the aid of 
the Sophomores, contemplates the publication of an 



edition to be known as the Child's Comprehensive 
Physics. Optical Instruments, Measurement of 
Electricity, and Relation of Electricity to Magnetism, 
will be the principal subjects considered. The Sophs 
will furnish facts, the Prof., criticism and correction. 

Humphrej', '90, has for some time been engaged 
upon the construction of quite an elaborate dynamo, 
to be used in connection with a storage battery. The 
castings were made in Bangor, after Mr. Humphrey's 
patterns, and he has put the various parts together. 
The dynamo weighs about 150 pounds, and repre- 
sents a large amount of work. 

Bean, Cummings, Emery, Gilpatric, Godfrey, 
Hardy, Jarvis, Lee, Newman, Scales, Shay, Smith, 
and Young passed their vacation in Brunswick. 

Representatives of the Maine College Base-Ball 
Association met in Waterville, April 5th, to make 
arrangements for the intercollegiate games. C. W. 
Richards, of Richmond, and Mr. Watkins, of Orono, 
were chosen umpires. It was voted to adopt the 
Spalding League Ball and to play by the rules of the 
National League for 1889. The following schedule 
was agreed upon : 

Apr. 30, Bowdoin versus Colby, Brunswick. 

May 4, Bates " Colby, Lewiston. 

May 4, M. S. C. " Bowdoin, Orono. 

May 8, Colby " Bowdoin, Waterville. 

May 11, Colby " M. S. C, Waterville. 

May 11, Bowdoin " Bates, Brunswick. 

May 15, Colby " Bates, Waterville. 

May 18, Bowdoin " Colby, Lewiston. 

May 18, Bates " M. S. C, Bangor. 

May 22, Colby " Bates, Brunswick. 

May 24, Bowdoin " M. S. C, Brunswick. 

May 25, Bates " M. S. C, Lewiston. 

May 30, M. S. C. " Colby, Bangor. 

May 30, Bates " Bowdoin, Lewiston. 

June 3, M. S. C. " Bates, Orono. 

June 8, M. S. C. " Colby, Orono. 

June 12, M. S. C. " Bowdoin, Bangor. 

June 15, Bates " Bowdoin, Waterville. 

Some of the Profs, handle the cards in the recita- 
tion room in a manner which shows that they are 
not entirely unfamiliar with the more gaudy paste- 
boards. There is one rule, however, which they 
always neglect, and that is to allow their opponents 
(in this case the man on the front seat), to cut the 
pack before proceeding with the deal. 

Instructor Whittier is putting the Freshman crew 
through a thorough course of training on the river. 
The crew is made up as follows : stroke, R. F. Bart- 
lett; No. 2, Poor; No. 3, Shay; bow, Swett. 

The next themes of the term are due May 1st. 
The subjects are, Juniors : I. Uses of Color in Nature. 
II. Does the Reputation of a College Depend More 

Upon its Undergraduates than its Alumni. Sopho- 
mores : I. Forest Trees and their Flowers. II. Was 
Washington a Great General ? 

Just after Prof. Chapman took his seat after read- 
ing a hymn at the Congregational church, Augusta, 
a few Sundays ago, a large piece of the ceiling, jarred 
by the strains of the organ, fell a distance of thirty 
feet upon the very spot where he had been standing. 
Although the plaster fell within two feet of him, 
Prof. Chapman did not move a muscle, but standing 
upon the debris, preached an eloquent sermon. 

Two hundred and twenty-five dollars is the 
amount subscribed for base-ball up to the present 

Andrews, '91, of the Medical School, has been 
obliged to leave on account of his eyes. At present 
he is in Boston being treated. 

The Freshmen, thinking what is good enough for 
Harvard is good enough for themselves, have chosen 
crimson as their class color. 

Hearn, the photographer, has erected a studio on 
Federal Street, opposite the residence of President 

Mosquitoes and Mayflowers have made their 
annual spring debut. 

This term the chapel bell will summon the student 
from his pleasant Sunday afternoon ramble through 
green pastures and beside the still waters, at four 
o'clock instead of five, as in previous years. 

The Bowdoin Glee Club and a drilled squad of 
young ladies will give an entertainment in City Hall, 
Lewiston, May 2d. 

J. M. Hastings and Thompson, '91, took promi- 
nent parts in the melodrama, "Nevada, or the Lost 
Mine," presented in Town Hall, April 3d. 

Easter witnessed the usual blossoming of spring 
hats, spring coats, spring trousers, and spring gait- 
ers, on the part of the boys ; and of bewitching 
spring bonnets on the part of the giddy Brunswick 

Besides the above we have since been informed 
that " Whisker" donned the long trouser for the first 
time, Easter. 

Bodge, Doherty, and Rogers are taking an ad- 
vanced course in constitutional law. Bodge and Do- 
herty are also taking Justinian with Prof. Pease. 

The Glee Club cleared about $20 apiece, as the 
result of last term's work. 

The Seniors in Bible study are ranked as inferior 
to an intelligent Sunday-school class, by the sarcas- 
tic Professor of that branch. 



Staples, '89, will study law in the office of Hon. 
Orville D. Baker, after leaving college. 

Field, '91, took the school census in Belfast, dur- 
ing the spring vacation. 

Quite a number of the students, several members 
of the Faculty, and one of the Board of Trustees, 
were painfully noticeable, Saturday, taking in the ball 
game from a position outside the fence. This is 
hardly the proper caper. Base-ball must be sup- 
ported, and the only correct thing for each one to do 
is to pay his quarter like a little man, and enjoy the 
game with a clear conscience, and a comfortable seat 
in the grand stand. 

A Freshman, in the innocence of his heart, wishes 
to know if there are booby prizes for the Field-Day 

O. R. Smith will act as scorer this season. 

Ward, who has been taking a special course, has 
left college. He will enter the Medical School next 

A certain Junior, rooming in South Appleton, re- 
cently received, by express, a dog of the mongrel 
cur breed, whose life he intended to offer up on the 
altar of Biology, as a sacrifice to the instructor. The 
cunning canine, catching on to the dire design, took 
a mean advantage of a kind-hearted Sophomore, who 
let him out of his cage for a few minutes, and 
skipped for parts unknown. At last accounts the dog 
was making a bee-line for Augusta, while the Jun- 
ior, with a tired cast of countenance, was beating up 
green fields and pastures new, in search of other 
biological material. 

Bf '21.— Dr. Rufus King 
■*• '' Gushing, of Bangor, died 
suddenly jat heart disease, March 
28th, aged 86. He was born in Bruns- 
wick, in 1802, graduated at Bowdoin in 
1821, and the Bowdoin Medical School in 
1824. He married a daughter of Dr. Hosea Rich of 
Bangor. Dr. Gushing was the first city physician of 
Bangor, in 1834, and a member of the Bangor city 
council in 1835. He practiced in Brewer, from 1836 
to 1870, but has since resided in Bangor. He was a 

member of the Maine Medical Association, and of 
the Penobscot Medical Association, and was at one 
time piesident of the latter. He was held in the 
highest esteem as a physician and citizen. Dr. 
Gushing leaves a daughter, and brother, John S. 
Cushing of Augusta. 

'27. — Hon. Alpheus Felch, of Michigan, is one of 
the four living members of the Senate in 1847. The 
other three are, Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, Hon. James 
W.Bradbury, '25, and Jefferson Davis of Mississippi. 

'36. — Cyrus Woodman, Esq., died suddenly at his 
home in Cambridge, Mass., March 30th. He was 
born in Buxton, Maine, June 2, 1814. He entered 
Bowdoin and graduated with honors in the class of 
'36. After graduating he studied law in the office of 
Hubbard and Watts in Boston, and after a course in 
the Harvard Law School opened an office in Boston, 
in partnership with George Barstow, Esq. From 
1840 to 1844 he resided in Winslow, 111., as agent of 
the Boston and Western Land Company. In 1844, 
Mr. Woodman formed a copartnership with Gen. 
C. C. Washburn at Mineral Point, Wisconsin. In 
1856, Mr. Woodman traveled with his family in Eu- 
rope for several years. He was elected representa- 
tive to the Wisconsin Legislature in 1861, and in 1863 
he removed to Cambridge where he has since re- 
sided. Mr. Woodman was very much interested in 
historical research, particularly in the history of his 
native town. He published a memoir of Rev. Paul 
Coffin in the Maine Historical collections, and "The 
Woodman's of Buxton," which does great credit to 
his patience and accuracy. Mr. Woodman was a 
man of much force of character and was remarkably 
devoted to his friends. He was very liberal, but gave 
in such an unassuming manner that few were aware 
of his generosity. Mr. Woodman was a loyal Bow- 
doin man, one of the most useful overseers, and al- 
ways ready to advance the interests of the college. 
By his death the college has lost a most faithful son 
and a most liberal benefactor. 

'43. — Col. George W. Dyer, at one time a mem- 
ber of the class of '43, and who afterward received 
a degree from the college, died at his residence in 
Washington, April 13th. In the breaking out of 
the war, Colonel Dyer was on the staff of the Gov- 
enor of Maine, and was afterward Paymaster in the 
army, stationed at Washington. Leaving the army 
at the close of the war, he began the practice of law, 
making a specialty of patents. Colonel Dyer was 
employed largely by Edison, and was very success- 
ful as a patent lawyer. He was twice married, and 
his second wife and nine children survive him. 

'48. — Dr. C. S. D. Fessenden, of the United States 
Marine Hospital Service, for the past three years 



stationed in Norfolk, Va., is now stationed at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. 

'55. — Hon. William L. Putnam has been ap- 
pointed on the commission to oversee the enlarge- 
ment of the State capitol. 

'61. — Professor A. S. Packard and family sailed 
for Europe, March 15th, to remain through the sum- 
mer. Professor Packard also intends to visit North- 
ern Africa for scientific investigation. 

'68. — Nicholas Fessenden, ex-'68, will be unable 
to accept the position of permanent secretary of the 
valuation committee. 

'69, '78, '85.— Dr. C. A. Ring, '69, Dr. C. A. Ba- 
ker, '78, and Richard Webb, ex-'85, are members of 
the Portland School Board. 

'73. — Hon. Francis M. Hatch, a lawyer in Hono- 
lulu, Sandwich Islands, is visiting his father, Hon. 
A. R. Hatch of Portsmouth, N. H. 

'73. — Professor F. C. Robinson was in Alabama 
on a business trip, during the last vacation. 

'82. — Mr. E. U. Curtis, a member with W. G. 
Reed, '82, of the law firm of Reed & Curtis, has 
been elected City Clerk of Boston. Mr. Reed is one 
of the Board of Aldermen. 

'85. — The Providence Journal speaks very highly 
of Mr. O. R. Cook, the principal of the Warren 
(R. I.) High School. 

'86. — Mr. A. A. Knowlton, who has been teaching 
in the English and Classical School, Providence, R. 
I., since his graduation, is now studying in Germany. 

'86. — Levi Turner, Jr., Esq., has been unani- 
mously elected supervisor of schools for Rockland. 
Mr. Turner is a resident of Somerville, Me., and 
represented that town in the recent legislature. 

The annual income of Oxford University is 

Yale's '88 class averaged $1000 yearly expenses. 

"None of the college papers seem to have no- 
ticed the fact that Vassar and Wellesley have adopted 
the cap and gown — at night." — Mail and Express. 

England has only one college paper edited by 
undergraduates, the Review, which is published at 

The Vanderbilts have purchased 1000 acres of 
land in North Carolina, for the purpose of estab- 
lishing an Industrial School. 

While Bismarck was in college he fought twenty- 
eight duels. — Pulse. 

The funny Fresh shinned up the tree, 
All for to hang an effigy 
That would the Soph'mores vex. 
The funny Fresh slid down the tree; 
His eyes stuck out a rod when he 
Discovered himself thereat to be 
Confronted by the— President. — Ex. 
Forty-one books have been published by Yale 
professors within the last seven years. — Tale News. 


The Maid of Bethany. By Albert H. Hardy. 

This little brochure gives us a touching picture of 
the last days of the Saviour's life. The maid of 
Bethany is a girl who, having seen Christ in her na- 
tive village, falls deeply in love with him, and de- 
spite the entreaties of her parents and friends follows 
him to Jerusalem. Michael, a young man who has 
loved her from his youth, comes to the city to try to 
induce her to return, but his efforts are fruitless. 
Although she is told that her love is sacrilegious, she 
persists in her hopeless passion, and when she sees 
Christ upon the cross, falls dead in Michael's arms. 

The author lets us infer that this girl was the one 
who poured the precious ointment upon Christ's head 
when he sat at meat in the house of Simon the leper. 
The story is well conceived and well written. 

Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia. Vol. XII. Dominis— 
electric clock. John B. Alden, New York, 1888. 
12mo; pp. (312. 

Alden's Cyclopedia gives all the new words, all 
the latest discoveries in science, and many biograph- 
ical sketches of living men which cannot be found 
elsewhere. There is nothing in an unabridged dic- 
tionary or any of the large encyclopedias which is 
not touched upon in this publication, while some 
subjects are treated which are not included in either, 
for example, the articles on dormant vitality and 
double consciousness, in this volume. The fifty-page 
article on education gives statistics up to 1887. 


Sea-side and Way-side ; Nature Readers. No. 3. 
Julia McNair Wright. Published by D. C. Heath & 
Co., Boston, 1889. Pp. 297. 


Vol. XIX. 


No. 2. 




Geo. E. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. "W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have-appended. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 2. -May 8, 1889. 

A Mood 13 

Editorial Notes 13 

Cyrus Woodman, lg 

A Spring Spasm, 17 

An Open Letter j7 

Base-Ball, jg 

Collegii Tabula, 20 

Personal 23 

In Memoriam 24 

College "World 24 

Book Reviews, 25 


How often I sit, of a raoon-lit eve, 

Or the twilight's sacred hush, 
And dreamily gaze o'er the campus still 
t At the sunset's parting blush. 

How often I list to the floating tone 

Of the distant college song, 
And strange aud sweet, like a soothing balm, 

Are the thoughts that o'er me throng. 

Past is the spell of the quiet eve, 

And myriad joys are rife; 
My soul is refreshed and the heart is full 

With the halcyon throb of life. 

The article upon the late Cyrus 
Woodman, which we publish in this issue, is 
of peculiar interest in giving us a fore- 
glimpse of what may some time be a personal 
experience with every student. In that rich 
simplicity of style so utterly unlike our 
strained college rhetoric, and which comes 
only from long experience and deep feeling, 
the writer gives a brief outline of the life 
and character of an old college friend, and 
shows how lasting are the ties of college as- 
sociation. It gives us an illustration of two 
strong lives flowing through the world in 
close sympathy. It is a typical example of the 
old school of alumni, and from it we catch a 
glimpse of Bowdoin associations before the 
college was invaded by the forced friendships 
and forced enmities of secret organizations. 

We commend it to our readers, not only 
for itself, but still more for the lesson of 
student association which may be learned 
from it. They are sacred things, these college 
friendships, and we cannot afford to ignore 
them or break them off. The man who 
retires with himself and books and avoids 
the molding current of college life, can from 
this infer his loss. In after life, as well as 
here, our lives react upon each other for mu- 
tual inspiration and assistance. 

We take the liberty to publish Dr. Ham- 
lin's personal communication at the head of 
the article. 



The death of Ernest E. Briggs, of the 
Junior class, is one of those startling events 
which check the quick pulse of college life 
with a sadness all their own. We pause for 
a moment and the stream goes flowing on. 
Not so the memory ; the impress of a strong 
and faithful life endures. His room-mate, 
his society, his class, his instructors, his ac- 
quaintances will remember him, throughout 
their lives, as one of the few men who did 
their whole duty. He was a man whom the 
world could not afford to lose. It would 
have been better for his living in it. He 
probably would not have achieved that bril- 
liancy which as often blinds as illumines ; 
but he would have possessed the clear head, 
the noble heart, and the willing hand which 
are the bone and sinew of our latter-day 
civilization. We feel that the resolutions 
which we publish in this issue are something 
more than an empty form ; they represent 
that warm regard, genuine appreciation, and 
deep feeling, which can always be found in 
the innermost chambers of the college boy's 

There are in the Literary Department of 
the college over one hundred and seventy- 
five students. Eleven of that number are 
chosen to represent the college upon the 
intercollegiate diamond. Probably seven- 
tenths of the remainder have, at some time, 
pla3'ed ball, and perhaps three-tenths could 
make a respectable showing in an amateur 
game. Yet the only organized club, outside 
the respective classes, is the " Varsity," and 
when that aggregation desire practice, they 
must seek some extra college team. This 
seems to us a fault. 

A second nine would afford two advan- 
tages. First, more efficient practice for 
the college team. The present system seems 

to us inadequate, in that it affords too little 
practice for the batteries. While the field 
are practicing on ground and fly balls, the 
pitchers and catchers, who are the very core 
and rallying points of the nine, are doing 
nothing that will be of material assistance in 
a game. They, of all others, should feel 
perfectly at home in their positions, and to 
take them from the ordinary easy-going prac- 
tice of simple throwing, and place them be- 
fore a strange club and a critical audience, 
and then expect a steady head and hand is 
too much. Were there an efficient second 
nine, either the leading batteries might be 
pitted against each other in practical practice, 
or new ones developed. In base-running, 
again, it would be an invaluable aid, and in 
holding men on bases it would be equally 

Second, it would develop new material. 
At the opening of the season, the Orient 
stated that the selection seemed the best 
possible. But such statements are always 
open to the confutation of facts. We do 
not know whether the college possesses bet- 
ter players or not, for they have no chance 
to show themselves. Nor can this be wholly 
laid to the management, for were they to 
make continual trials of new men, they 
would be laid open to the counter-accusation 
of breaking up the nine. 

We would not wish to be understood as 
condemning this practice with outside clubs ; 
there cannot be too much of it. But we 
claim that it ought to be supplemented by 
more game work within the college. It is 
rather humiliating to have a " Bowdoin de- 
feat" bruited before the public every time 
we want to try a new man. 

Now if this is a mistake, whose is the 
fault? Certainly not of the management, 
for they were chosen to run the college team, 
not a second nine. The fault lies with the 
student-body. If there be those in college 
who think the club can be improved upon, 



let them show their loyalty by organizing 
the unused material into an efficient team, 
with regular times for practice. Let the 
first nine have some one to play against 
these afternoons, and our already flattering 
prospects will receive a new impulse. We 
have made a glorious beginning, and let us 
not leave an expedient untried. 

The fatal Colby spell is broken. So often 
has defeat attended our contests with that 
club on the home grounds that it had become 
almost a battle with destiny. The boys 
have been defeated before the struggle. 
Last season we easily led them in the league. 
We played all around and over them, in 
fact; nevertheless they came down on our 
own grounds and administered the regula- 
tion defeat. 

Too much praise cannot be given our 
nine for thus, in the initial game of the 
league contest, breaking an uninviting rec- 
ord. It will send a thrill of joy to the 
heart of every loyal alumnus and we trust 
they will show their appreciation by render- 
ing that pecuniary assistance which they 
know to be indispensable. 

The recognition of a college by the most 
progressive review in the land, whether it 
be through the institution itself or some one 
representing it, is a trustworthy index to its 
standing, and in view of this fact, it is indeed 
flattering that our President may be ranked 
as one of the contributors to the Forum. 
It is flattering, not because the college has 
anything to do with the contribution, but 
because the President may be considered as 
its representative, and any recognition of 
him must be reflected upon the institution 
over which he presides. 

The article by President Hyde, which ap- 
pears in the May number of the above-men- 
tioned review, possesses an increased interest, 

because our examination system was attacked 
last term by undergraduates. It may be 
profitable to epitomize President Hyde's 
ideal system and see in what degree, if any, 
our Faculty fail to follow it. However, we 
would not wish to be understood as making 
any plea for the infallibility of the method, 
or to, in any degree, question the right of 
every instructor to pursue just that mode of 
instruction and examination which, in his 
opinion, will most promote the intellectual 
growth of his pupils. 

President Hyde gives as the aim of the 
examination a desire " to exhibit the healthy 
vigor, the capacity- to enjoy, the power to 
work, the ability to comprehend, which is 
the outcome of assimilated knowledge." 
" Assimilated knowledge " is the result of 
three processes: simple memorizing, the ap- 
plication of principles to concrete cases, and 
the contemplation of the subject as an " or- 
ganic whole." Corresponding to these three 
stages of instruction should be three kinds 
of examination : First, a short examination, 
either oral or written, carried on in connec- 
tion with a daily recitation, and embracing 
all the important facts- of the three or four 
previous exercises. In the scale of one hun- 
dred, fifty marks should be given on this 
as a basis. Second, an examination of a 
practical nature, extending over some period 
of time, in which the student makes what 
individual research he chooses (as, for ex- 
ample, in mathematics the computation of 
some tangible area). Thirty marks should 
be given on this as a basis. Third, at the 
end of the term or period of study, to select 
those prominent features and " fundamental 
relations " which will place the subject be- 
fore the class as an " organic whole " ; to in- 
form the class just what the exercise will con- 
sist of, and then let them make all the prep- 
aration they see fit. The remaining twenty 
marks should be given on this as a basis. 

Such, in very brief and imperfect outline, 



is our interpretation of the scheme. In our 
present examination system, the first and the 
second forms are generally employed. We 
have our quizzes on technicalities, and our 
articles, or their equivalents, for individual 
research. But in final examinations there is 
oftentimes a lack of that comprehensive 
view of the subject which President Hyde 
advocates. They do not always observe the 
" laws of perspective." The " minor details " 
sometimes obscure the " main features." 
Frequently whole examinations are on some 
one phase. They do not contain those fun- 
damental relations which are the soul and 
essence of the subject. There may be 
notable exceptions, but this is the trend. 
Though, perhaps, far along the way, we are 
still in the transition period between the 
catch-question system of "ye olden tyme" 
and that ideal method which should exhibit 
the complete assimilation of knowledge. 

Such is our undergraduate view of this 
very important feature of education. We 
invite contributions from both Faculty and 


By Rev. C. Hamlin, '34. 

Lexington, April 23, 1889. 
Editors Orient : 

Dear Sirs, — I hope you may find a place for 
this humble wreath upon the tomb of my dear 
friend and benefactor, Woodman. 

Tours sincerely, 

Cyhus Hamlin, '34. 

One of the alumni of Bowdoin College 
has passed away whom his brother-alumni 
and all friends of the college will sorely 
miss. Cyrus Woodman, of Buxton, of 
the class of '36, was a student and man 
whom no one would forget after even the 
most casual acquaintance. There were 
frankness, goodness, simplicity, perfect inde- 
pendence, straightforwardness, and cordial 
friendliness, which made you remember him 
as one you would like to meet again. 

For the study of law, to which he first 
gave himself, he seemed naturally fitted, not 
to be a " Philadelphia lawyer," but one who 
would easily discern the right and boldly and 
clearly maintain it without resort to any 
questionable measures. 

The circumstances and interests of life 
rather led him to the management of land 
and railroad enterprises, in which he had 
eminent success. His business habits were 
exact, his judgment excellent. There were 
no loose ends, no ragged edges, no dirty 
corners in his affairs. Any one could see 
his character in his letters. 

The handwriting was bold, clear, uni- 
form, and as easy to read as the best printed 
page. What he had to say was said in fitting 
words, tersely, compactly, with no obscurity 
or possibility of it. Having said just what 
he wanted to say, his note, letter, or argu- 
ment closed with no labored peroration. 

He was a man to be trusted with your 
interests fully. You would be sure to be 
kept informed of the exact state of things 
without gloss or exaggeration. But there 
was another side to Mr. Woodman's charac- 
ter more difficult of exact delineation, if not 
of comprehension. He was, like a great 
many others, a kind hearted, generous man. 
But he had his own peculiar way of doing a 
favor. He had a singular insight into the 
right time and best way, which would some- 
times suggest the idea that spirits unseen 
had been mediums of communication. I will 
give an illustration, although it is personal. 
He once sent me a check, giving as a reason 
an old favor which I had done him and which 
he said had not been suitably recognized by 
him. The reason was entirely out of place 
for it had been covered deep by greater favors. 
But the check fell into the exact place where 
it was wanted and filled it. The memory of 
it will last with others after I have passed 
away. There was no possibility of his 
knowing anything of the existing exigency. 



You might say it was all chance, and if only 
one such happy guess had occurred, you 
would be justified in saying so. But I could 
give other cases quite as singular. Such 
things happen only with those who watch 
for occasions and who have a faculty of ob- 
servation and judgment, so that it becomes 
a sort of natural instinct to do the right 
thing at the right time. I was not of his 
class, nor of his college society. I was 
orthodox, he unitarian, but we always met 
cordially as friends, whether because we 
were alike or unlike I do not know and do 
not care. None of my Bowdoin friends have 
done me such repeated favors as he. I shall 
always keep upon my desk a memento in- 

Cyrus Woodman 

Lexington, April, \l 

Cyrus Hamlin. 


Buds from out the branches swelling, 

Unexpected showers of rain, 
And the bull-frog from the marshes 

Tell us that 'tis spring again. 

Farmers plowing in the meadow, 

Birds in joyous carol sing, 
And the flowers in field and forest, 

All proclaim that this is spring. 

In the city, town, or country, 

Where'er man has made his home, 

House cleaning with all its trials 
Indicates that spring has come. 

Thus do skillful art and nature 

By their mutual labor bring 
All the varied combinations 

That make up the gentle spring. 

Mrs. Amelie Rives Chanler, 

Dear Madam : — I confess I am somewhat 
behind the times in addressing you at this 
late date, but the fact is, that from causes 
not to be here recounted, ten months elapsed 

before I read your remarkable work, "The 
Quick or the Dead ? " 

My state of mind on laying it down can 
be imagined, or perhaps, by your defenders, 
Wm. S. Walsh, Edgar Fawcett, and George 
Parsons Lathrop, it can't. I had previously 
read your poetry aud your entertaining tales 
of Southern life, all unmistakable buds of 
promise, and it was indeed shockingly pain- 
ful to think that one so talented should for 
mere popularity's sake debase her God-given 
gifts. The path to true literary success, on 
which you had undoubtedly started, is, I am 
aware, a straight and narrow way, but lead- 
ing to green fields eternal ; while the branch- 
ing road to popularity or notoriety, as in 
your own case it has proved, is broad and most 
inviting, but fraught in too many instances 
with eventual destruction. The saddest 
mistake of your twenty-five summers, my 
dear madam, was made when you decided to 
be one of the many to go in thereat. 

But you published your sensational story. 
Your evident attempt to produce a French 
novel succeeded. While your honored father, 
to whom all your other productions had gone 
for approval and revision, was absent, you 
rapidly composed and sent forth a story 
which he would be unwilling you should 
read, much less write. Your intellectual 
nightmare, whether or not caused by un- 
healthy mental food, has, unlike other sable 
nocturnal steeds, itself become unhealthy 
and a sure germ of moral infection. Yet 
not a few have spoken in your behalf. Mr. 
Lathrop said of '• The Quick or the Dead?" : 
"It is sensuous, as it had to be, but not 
gross." Now I hold that your study did not 
require sensuous treatment. Others have 
harped on your rather threadbare theme 
without touching your chief string. Did they 
produce discord? No. Have you produced 
harmony? No. But your work is more 
than sensuous, despite Mr. Lathrop's assever- 
ation. There is not space here to introduce 



quotations in evidence, so I can merely 
maintain without fear of reasonable contra- 
diction, I think, that there are passages, 
however delicately worded, so indelicately 
suggestive that we should blush to hear 
them from the lips of man or woman at a 
respectable evening gathering. Good society 
would relegate to the rank of a pariah who- 
ever should be guilty of some of the language 
used in your book. " To the pure all things 
are pure," is tritely thrown up by the defense. 
Such persons would allow an innocent young 
girl to sit down to insidious "Don Juan," 
or other kindred works, and when re- 
proached for reading the seductive rhymes, 
coolly reply : " If you see immorality here 
you hold the mirror up to your own soul. 
I find these poems sensuous, as they have 
to be, but not gross." My dear madam, 
you fairly out-Byron Byron. From a man 
of the world, of deep passionate nature, we 
might expect such a work as " Don Juan," 
but from a pure American girl, whose days 
have been quietly passed amid innocent and 
healthful recreations on the Virginia farm, it 
is the last thing of which we should dream. 
Truly, the impressions gained by your an- 
cestry at the gay French court have been to 
you a most unfortunate inheritance. 

One critic thinks that if " The Quick or 
the Dead? " should be suppressed as deleteri- 
ous, we ought also to banish from our litera- 
ture other writings, notably, " The Scarlet 
Letter," of similar tenor. The works cited 
dwelt on the immoral side of life, it is true, but 
with a moral purpose in view ; to make virtue 
more highly prized by artistically setting 
forth the deadly wages of sin. Your story 
cannot plead this in extenuation. It was 
merely a character study with no lesson to be 
taught. Under such conditions what moral 
end the immorality might subserve is not 
even apparent to our sneercr, in. a recent 
North American Review, at " False Modesty 
in Readers." 

I have called your book a violation of 
good sense. The love scenes are silly in the 
extreme. I cannot discuss your heroine's 
character. I can but say " You are a woman 
and your fine sensibilities can appreciate how 
strongly a Barbara Pomfret might feel. I 
am a man and cannot because less sensi- 
tively organized." But because I am mas- 
culine I can see how ridiculous it is in any 
woman to press her lovely lips to so filthy a 
thing as a half-burned out cigar — even her 
dead husband's last. You are a woman and 
do not know how mawkish is the taste when 
smoked the next day, of a partially consumed 

I have written from earnest convic- 
tions. Your extenuators love to quote 
Bible to me, so allow me a quotation from 
their same favorite apostle : " Whatsoever 
things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, 
if there be any virtue, and if there be any 
praise, think on these things." Write only 
of them too, I add, and let me urge you to 
meditate on the advice of that pure bard, the 
beloved Longfellow : 

Whatever hath beeu written shall remain, 
Nor be erased, nor written o'er again, 
The unwritten only still belongs to thee, 
Take heed, and ponder well what that shall be. 



Bowdoin, 6 ; Saco, 5. 
The game played at Saco, Wednesday, 
April 24th, resulted as follows: 


A.E. R. E.H. S.B. P.O. A. H. 

Packard, 3b 3 2 2 3 1 2 

Freeman, 2b., o., . . . 4 1 9 5 

Fogg, l.f., 4 

Thompson, p., c. i., ..3111141 

Hilton, o.f., p., .... 4 1 2 1 11 1 

Fish, c, 4 1 2 6 2 

Jordan, s.s 4 1 

Tukey, r.f 3 1 1 2 1 1 

Downes, lb 2 1 9 2 

Totals 31 6 7 10 27 26 4 




A.E. R. E.H. S.E. P.O. A. E. 

Courtney, 2b 5 1 2 2 

Dockerty, l.f., .... 4 1 

Gilpatric, lb., . ... 4 1 1 6 1 
A. Murpby, c, r.f., ..4232310 

Johnston, r.f., c, . . . 4 1 6 3 

Ladd, p 4 1 1 14 1 

Innes, 3b., 4 1 5 1 

T. Murphy, s.s., ... 4 1 1 1 1 

Hayes, c.f.., 4 2 1 

Totals, 37 5 10 2 24 21 5 

Earned runs — Bowdoin, 2; Saco, 2. Base on balls — 
Packard, Downes. Struck out — Bowdoin, 13; Saco, 12. 
Two-base hit — T. Murphy. Three-base hit— Hilton. Home 
run— A. Murphy. Double play — by Saco. Passed balls — 
Fish, 1; Johnston, 3. Wild pitches — Ladd, 1. Hit by 
pitched ball — Hilton, Thompson. Time of game — 2 hours. 
Umpire— Sands, of Saco. 

Bowdoin, 11 ; Colby, 9. 
It was on the one-hundredth anniversary 
of Washington's inauguration. 

" The curfew tolled the knell of parting day," 

as the train rolled slowly out of the old 
Brunswick station, bearing homeward (fire- 
works and all) 118 tired men from Colby. 
They came to see a game of ball, and they 
saw it — saw it all. 

They brought with them Parsons, 
familiarly known as " Tip," a man with 
golden hair and pugilistic eye, who throws 
an inverted parabola. Our boys have a 
yearning after parabolas, so the combination 
worked finely — worked to the extent of a 
total of nineteen hits. " Tip " is no infant 
with the stick, however, as the record shows. 
But as " Rodney " remarked, he could knock 
the ball over the fence as many times off 
Parson's deliveiy as Parsons could off his : 
this the record also shows. 

Jordan, Fish, and Freeman, of the Bow- 
doius, also took kindly to the sphere ; the 
same may be said of Wagg and Foster of 
the Colbys. 

The visitors occasionally cast longing 
glances at second base, and a few of the 
uninitiated, exhorted by Pet, " slid." This 
was a very unwise and disasterous proceed- 

ing, for Fish was behind the bat. They will 
not let it happen again. 

At the end of the sixth inning, Thomp- 
son and Fish retired in favor of Hilton and 
Freeman. The ball was there, but the 
Colbys couldn't find it. The score : 


A.B. R. B. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 3b 6 1 1 2 1 

Freeman, 2b., c, ... 3 2 2 4 2 

Fogg, l.f., 5 1 01 2 1 

Thompson, p., c.f., ..5120130 

Hilton, c.f., p 5 2 3 1 

Fish, c, 2b. 5 2 3 7 3 

Jordan, s.s 4 1 3 1 3 2 

Tukey, r.f 4 1 1 1 1 

Downes, lb., 4 1 7 1 

Totals, 44 11 11 7 27 11 7 


A.B. R. B. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, p. 5 1 2 4 7 

Wagg, 3b., 5 1 2 2 1 

Gilmore, lb S 2 2 8 2 1 

Roberts, c.f., 5 1 1 

Foster, c, 4 2 1 5 3 1 

Kalloch, r.f., .... 4 1 1 1 

Smith, 2b., 4 1 1 1 5 1 

Megquire, s.s., .... 2 1 1 1 4 2 

Merrill, l.f. 1 

Bonney, l.f 3 1 1 1 

Totals, 38 9 9 4 27 16 8 

Earned runs — Bowdoin (2); Colby (1). Base on balls — 
Downes ; Megquire (2). Struck out— Tukey (3) ; Hilton (3) ; 
Foster, Kalloch. Two-base hits— Thompson, Fish, Jor- 
dan (2). Three-base hits— Fish, Thompson, Parsons (2), 
Foster, Megquire. Double play — Gilmore, Megquire. 
Passed balls— Foster (5). Wild pitches — Parsons (2). 
Umpire— Doc Richards. Time of game — 2 hours 30 minutes. 

The Yale Faculty will not accept the base-ball 
schedule, except with the understanding that there 
will be no demonstration until after the last game. 

Mr. Herman Oelrichs, of New York, has offered to 
defray the expenses of the Yale crew while abroad 
in case they decide to visit England and row Cam- 
bridge. Several New Haven gentlemen have also 
agreed to contribute a sufficient sum to pay their 
passages over and back, so that the scheme begins 
to assume a feasible aspect. The Yale crew them- 
selves are said to be very anxious to take the trip. 
It is believed that the new Waters boat, in which 
Yale would row, would give them a great advantage 
over their English rivals. 



Rev. W. P. Fisher and Pres. Hyde 
attended the installation of Kev. W. 
C. Stiles as pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church in Richmond, Friday 
evening, April 19th. 

The latest in the photograph line is a picture of 
" Whisker," his beaming physiognomy thrust 
through the center of a large sunflower. 

The Juniors have appointed June 6th and 7th 
as their Field and Ivy Days. 

Thompson, '91, will take Briggs' position in the 

President Hyde has an interesting article in the 
April number of the Forum, on " School Examina- 

Amateur photography is having quite a boom 
just at present. Several of the students have pur- 
chased cameras, and some very good views have 
been obtained. 

Born April 29th, to the wife of Prof. Johnson, a 

Bowdoin took a firm grip on the college pennant 
in the opening game with Colby. 

White, '89, has left college for the present on 
account of the illness of his father. 

A number of the medical students, with the 
Banjo Club, surprised several of the Brunswick 
young ladies with a delightful serenade, Monday 
evening, April 29th. 

It is rumored that Owen, Hersey, and Stearns, 
of the Senior class, will enter the Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary next year. 

The last themes of the term are due May 15th. 
The subjects are : Juniors— I., The United States 
Civil Service for College Graduates ; II., The Liter- 
ary Style of Edmund Burke. Sophomores— I., Base- 
ball as a National Game; II., Manufacture of Iron. 

Foster does the kicking, 

Parsons swings his chin, 

Giltnore lmgs friend Waggio, 

But the BOWDOINS Scoop the Tin. 

First Funny Man— " What compliment did Coesar 
pay Ireland when he came to the Rhine?" Sec- 
ond F. M.— "Dunno." First F. M.— " Why, he 
proposed to bridge it." Both F. M. — "Ha! Ha! 
He! He! Guffaw!!" 

The diviue, godlike, and, we may add, much en- 
during Parsons ! With what a bold and confident 
air he swaggered into the pitcher's box, Saturday. 
Yet eleven hits, with a total of nineteen, does not 
look very bad, eh, Parsons ? Oh, yes, when the boys 
get accustomed to the flash light, chain-lightning, 
etc., etc., delivery of " Kid " Madden's apt Colby 
pupil they may hope to do something with the stick; 
but this will take practice; they cannot of course 
hope to bat friend Parsons yet. Oh no, he's a ter- 
ror, but cheer up, boys, cheer up and practice, and 
you may even now get a hit off this phenomenal 
cork-screw twirler before the season is over. 

Messrs. Fox, Dana, and Payson, of Portland, 
were in town April 30th, to witness the Bowdoin- 
Colby game. These three gentlemen are among 
the finest tennis players in the city, and put up a 
great game. They easily defeated the different 
college champions in several very pretty sets. 

Payson and Dana are both fitting for Bowdoin. 
Payson will enter '93, and Dana, '94. 

Field and Ivy Days will soon be here, and among 
other improvements to be made in the appearance 
of the campus in honor of the approaching festivi- 
ties, it seems as if something ought to be done to 
render our base-ball ground a little more present- 
able. What we want is a new grand stand. The 
one in use at present is anything but ornamental, 
besides not being half large enough to accommo- 
date those desiring seats, as was plainly seen in 
the recent Bowdoin-Colby game. It would be but 
a comparatively slight expense to put up a substan- 
tially covered building, extending far enough toward 
the catcher's fence to give a seating capacity at 
least half as great again as the present structure 
affords. Let the proper ones take the matter in 
hand, so that when Ivy Day comes we can point 
out to our friends, instead of the old rickety, black- 
ened, bleaching boards, which at present grace, or 
rather disgrace the field, a neat, comfortable grand 
stand which shall be in harmony with our delta, 
our nine, and the little strip of bunting that we 
hope to see floating triumphantly from our flag-staff 
at the close of the college base-ball season. 

The last year's local editor, a Senior, and the 
'91 man at present officiating, can now cry "quits." 
It will be remembered (perhaps) that the account 



of the Sophomore prize declamation was inadvert- 
ently omitted in the number of the Orient imme- 
diately following that event, though it subsequently 
appeared in a later issue. The same thing hap- 
pened in regard to the '68 Senior speaking. Per- 
haps it is not too late, however, to state that such 
an event did take place on the evening of April 4th, 
and Staples was awarded the prize, and that Grim- 
mer furnished excellent music. Following is the 
programme : 


Gordon. Oliver P. Watts, Thomaston. 

Restriction of Immigration. 

Mervyn Ap Rice, Rockland. 


The Southern Question. Frank L. Staples, Benton. 

The Anglo-Saxon Element in our Literature. 

George T. Files, Portland. 


Keats. William M. Emery, New Bedford, Mass. 

Poetry or Science the True Handmaid of Religion. 

Daniel E. Owen, Saco. 


Greely, '90, is teaching in one of the Brunswick 

The game with the Brunswicks, Thursday, un- 
earthed for Bowdoin another phenomenal twirl er. 
The marvel is none other than Manager Rice, who, 
with his wonderful straight ball delivery, retired in 
one, two, three order the last six men on the Bruns- 
wick batting list as they vainly attempted to wield 
the ash for base hits for victory and for their native 
land. Considering that Mervyn pitched only the 
last two innings, this is a record of which any man 
might well be proud. 

Gibson, '83, Brown, '84, Barton, '84, and Ward- 
well, '85, have visited the campus recently. 

One of the members of the Opjent board had 
the pleasure (?) of riding down from Augusta on 
the same car with the Colby boys, Tuesday. The 
Colbys were in a terrible state of anxiety lest they 
should be unable to find any one at Bowdoin will- 
ing to risk an almighty dollar on the result of the 
opening game. Later in the day, however, many 
of them had just cause for rejoicing that their rail- 
road tickets, the only thing in their possession which 
they had been unable to put up, wore safe in their 
respective vest pockets. Yes, Colby was needy 
that night, very needy, while Bowdoin, with the 
air of a millionaire stalked serenely down Main 
Street smoking ten cent straights and rattling 
more crisp new bank notes than the meagre pocket- 
book has seen in many a weary day. 

The Bowdoin Presumpscot game, to have been 
played April 27th was postponed on account of rain. 

League games to be played in Brunswick are : 
Bowdoin vs. Bates, May 11th; Colby vs. Bates, 
May 22d; Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, May 24th. 

Prof. Woodruff" is the happy father of two 
remarkably bright little boys. The little fellows 
are much interested in base-ball, and may be seen 
in the grand stand at nearly every game, climbing 
lovingly about the knees of the kind old Greek, as 
he explains to them iu words suited to their childish 
ears the mysteries and intricacies of our great 
national game. 

Quite a number of the students attended the 
reception given by the Mummy Club at the Court 
Room, April 23d. 

In cases such as the '68 Speaking, where but one 
prize is offered, why wouldn't it be a good idea for 
the judges to grant honorable mention to the man 
standing second among the competitors, as is done 
in awarding the Mathematical Prize. It would be 
but little trouble to those having the matter in 
charge, while to the man in question it would be a 
great satisfaction to know that he had stood some- 
where near the top of the list. 

A few days ago a robin, starting out for a morn- 
ing ramble, became entangled in a bit of twine 
which had lodged in the branches of one of the 
trees. His frightened notes soon attracted quite a 
crowd of spectators, one of whom with a well- 
directed bullet succeeded in cutting the twig to 
which the string was attached, thus setting the lit- 
tle songster free. 

Sam Small and the Athletic Exhibition seem to 
be the only attractions capable of filling Town Hall 
this year. Sam delivered his famous lecture, " From 
Bar-Room to Pulpit," before a large audience, April 
26th. He is an interesting and eloquent speaker, 
and those who failed to hear him certainly missed 
a rare treat. 

A Colby correspondent of the Boston Globe bursts 
out with the announcement that had Hilton started 
in to pitch the game against Colby he would have 
been unmercifully batted out of the box. That's 
right, Colby, satisfy yourself by throwing mud at 
the pitcher off whom your sluggers succeeded in 
making but two safe hits. Vic says that when a 
Bowdoin pitcher is batted out of the box he knows 
enough to know it. Vic also states that this shows 
a greater degree of intelligence than is exhibited 
by some university pitchers of his acquaintance. 

The old superstition in regard to the Colbys is 
at last broken down. For the first time since 1884 
Bowdoin has downed Colby on the home grounds, 



and for the first time in the history of college base- 
ball in Maine has defeated them in the opening 

Quite a number of the students attended the 
Mummy Club reception at the Court-Room, April 

Among those present at the opening game were 
Burleigh, Pushor, and Merrill, '87, and Tolman, 
Card, and Williamson, '88. 

One of the Seniors has bestowed upon the world 
the startling information that the great political 
satire, " Hudibras," is a companion piece to Milton's 
" Paradise Lost." 

S. Lewis Moody, Columbia, '88, was present at 
the ball game on the 30th. 

Past Day was celebrated this year by a game of 
ball on the delta between two grammar school 
teams, a Maying party in Topsham, in which sev- 
eral of the students participated, and last, but not 
least, by the appearance of the initial number of 
this year's Obient. 

Godfrey, Poor, and Burr, '91, Mann and Young, 
'92, accompanied the nine on the Orono trip. 

The reason the boys did not get there in the 
M. S. C. game is because the wicked things prevar- 
icated to Vic, and tried to make him think Hilton's 
wrist was sprained. Who can blame Providence 
for deserting them under such circumstances ? Hon- 
esty is the best policy, etc., etc. It is understood 
that several changes are to be made in the nine. 

Watkius opened his season's work as umpire in 
the M. S. C. game, Saturday. As far as Bowdoin 
is concerned he closed his career the same day. Of 
all the rank, disreputable exhibitions of umpir- 
ing ever given in this State that of Brother Watkins 
was by far the worst. In one inning he allowed 
the State College three runs when there were three 
men most unmistakably out, and his decisions on 
balls and strikes were vile. The gentleman should 
be informed that the home plate is not a board nail 
driven into the ground but a slab of marble one 
foot square, and that a ball over the corner of 
above-mentioned slab is just as pretty a strike as if 
it passed over the middle. The new rules hold a 
pitcher down enough as it is, but when it comes to 
tossing the ball over a pin head in the centre of the 
plate, it is going a little too far. 

We can easily imagine Wagg and Gilmore in- 
dulging in a little oscillatory sociable after learning 
the result of Saturday's games. 

In spite of threatening weather the day be- 
fore, Saturday, as far as the sky was concerned, 

was all that could be desired for the M. S. C. -Bow- 
doin game. The ball ground, however, and es- 
pecially the outfield, was in a decidedly decayed 
conditiou. The delta is built on the edge of a 
marsh, and a fielder to do good work should be 
equipped with a canvas canoe and a bathing suit- 
State College men with their best lungs and a brass 
band filled the grand stand, over which proudly 
floated the pennant which Small and Rogers won last 
year. Quite a number of Bangor teams, several of 
them flying the Bowdoin white, were on the ground, 
and many of the Bangor young ladies were adorned 
with the Bowdoin ribbon. The M. S. C. band did 
not find opportunity to enlarge upon itself for some 
time, but when the Maine States tied the score in 
the sixth inning music rolled forth that would have 
done credit to the side show of Baruum's Greatest 
on Earth or the wails of an Uncle Tom's Cabin 
galaxy of street musicians. After this M. S. C. took 
the lead and held it until the close of the game, 
winning by a score of 11 to 8. To an outsider the 
game must have been rather uninteresting. Errors 
were frequent and often costly, neither side playing 
as if they really meant business. We will make 
no excuses for our nine, as we are not members of 
the university on the Kennebec, but will say 
that we think they can and will do better next 
time. There is one thing to be truly thankful for, 
and that is that our men have done their annual 
cranberry-bog wading on the M. S. C. grounds, and 
that hereafter the fielders will have the privilege of 
playing where they will not dig graves for them- 
selves if they stand still five minutes, or lose their 
boots in trying to capture a long fly. 

During the past ten years Bowdoin has won 
league games from Colby on the delta as follows : 

June 28, 1879, 28 to 11. 

June 26, 1880, 14 to 12. 

June 1,1881, 7 to 5. 

June 16, 1883, 4 to 3. 

May 31, 1884, 6 to 3. 

April 30, 1889, 11 to 9. 

October 4, 1884, Bowdoin defeated Colby in a prac- 
tice game on the delta, 10 to 4. 

Fourteen New England colleges have formed a 
Commission on Admission Examination. The Com- 
mission is composed of one member of the faculty 
of each college represented. The object is to ad- 
vance the standard required for entrance into the 
New England colleges. The standard is uniform in 
all.— Ex. 



'37.— Rev. George W. 
Field, D.D., of Bangor, 
who resigned from his pastorate last 
fall, has, at the request of his parish- 
ioners, withdrawn his resignation. 

'44. — The following is taken from the 
New York Tribune, and is only one of the many 
illustrations of the success of Bowdoin alumni: 
"The city of Platteville, Wis., was in gala dress a 
few days ago to do honor to President Pickard, of 
the Iowa State University, the founder and prin- 
cipal of the Platteville Academy from 1846 to 1860. 
Mr. Pickard went to Platteville from Bowdoin Col- 
lege, a young man of 22 years, and opened his 
school in a frame building with only five pupils. 
His power as a teacher soon became knowu. Stu- 
dents Hocked to his school from all parts of the 
West, and Pickard's Academy gained the reputa- 
tion of being a preparatory school which had few, 
if any superiors. In 1853 a large three-story stone 
building was erected (now the north wing of the 
State Normal School), additional teachers were em- 
ployed, and for the remaining six years of Mr. 
Pickard's service the academy had a marked suc- 
cess, preparing a large number of students for col- 
lege. In 1859 Mr. Pickard was elected superintend- 
ent of public instruction in Wisconsin, and the 
Platteville Academy in course of time was merged 
into a State Normal School. As Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Regeut of Normal Schools, and 
Regent of the State University, Mr. Pickard's work 
is well known to the people of Wisconsin. In the 
autumn of 1863 he was elected Superintendent of the 
Chicago Schools, and for thirteen years filled that 
position with great ability, and to this day he is 
called the " Father of the Chicago School System.'' 
In 1876 he accepted the presidency of the State 
University of Iowa, performing the executive du- 
ties of that great institution with marked success 
until June last, when he resigned to take a much 
needed rest. 

'50.— Gen. O. 0. Howard is spoken of by the 
press as being one of the most prominent figures at 
the recent Centennial celebration in New York. 

'59. — The Scribner Magazine announces among 
the articles soon to be published, "The Principles 

of Electricity," by Professor Cyrus P. Brackett, of 
Princeton College, one of the foremost authorities 
on the subject in this country. 

'60.— Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., and family sailed 
for Sweden, Wednesday, May 2d. 

'66.— The many friends of Dr. F. H. Gerrish 
will be glad to learn that he is steadily improving 
in health, and is much benefited by his Western 

'68. — Rev. George M. Bodge has published " A 
Memoir of John F. Anderson, Esq.," in the April 
number of the New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Eegister. 

'73.— Dr. A. G. Ladd was unanimously nomi- 
nated for mayor of Great Falls, Montaua, but was 
obliged to decline on account of his professional 

'73. — Rev. F. A. Wilson, of Billerica, Mass., who 
recently declined calls to Belfast and Woodford's, 
and to Lowell, Mass., has received a very compli- 
mentary call to the Free Congregational Church, 
Andover, Mass. 

79, — Dr. John Warren Achorn won the competi- 
tive examination on Saturday, April 20th, and has 
been appointed House Physician in the Brooklyn 
City Hospital. 

'81. — Rev. W. I. Cole has accepted a call to the 
Congregational Church, Houlton, Maine. 

'82. — Wallace E. Mason is manager of the New 
York Teacher's Agency, 6 Clinton Place, New York 

'84. — Rev. Ernest C. Smith is pastor of the Uni- 
tarian Church in Seattle, Washington Territory. 

'84. — Mr. R. I. Thompson, of Rockland, was 
married to Miss Etta Strong, of Thomaston, April 
1 1 th. Mr. Thompson is practicing law in Rockland. 
'86.— Mr. J. W. Calderwood, ex-'86, visited the 
college Fast Day. He is traveling for Ginn & Co. 
'§6. — Mr. Chalres W. Tuttle was married to 
Miss Nellie Jordan, of Bruuswick, April 24th. Mr. 
and Mrs. Tuttle have gone to California for a short 

'87. — F. D. Dearth has been appointed railway 
mail clerk, and has been assigned to the Bangor 
and Greenville line. Mr. Dearth recently resigned 
the principalship of the Groten (Mass.) High 

The matriculation cards of students in German 
Universities admit their holders to the theatres at 
half price, shield them from arrest by the civil au- 
thorities, and give free admission to many of the art 
galleries and museums of Europe. 




Bowdoln College, ( 
May 1, 1889. $ 
"Whereas, It has pleased the All-Wise aud mer- 
ciful Father to remove from oar midst our beloved 
classmate, Ernest E. Briggs; therefore, bo it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the Class of 
'90, while we bow in humble submission to the 
Supreme Will, deeply mourn the loss of a true aud 
faithful friend, who has endeared himself to us by 
the noble and manly beauty of his character; 

Resolved, That we extend our heartfelt sympathy 
to the sorrowing relatives and friends; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family and the Orient. 

A. S. Ridley, 
W. I. Weeks, 
H. C. Win/gate, 
Committee for the Class. 

Hall of a. a. *., May 1, 1889. 
Whereas, It has been the will of our Heavenly 
Father to call unto Himself our beloved brother, 
Ernest E. Briggs, of the class of '90, a devoted 
student and a faithful member of our Fraternity ; 

Resolved, That the members of A. A. *., while 
recognizing in this, their affliction, the hand of an 
all-wise Providence, do mourn the loss of their 
brothei', endeared to them by so many ties of fra- 
ternal interest ; 

Resolved, That the Chapter extends to the family 
and relatives its heartfelt sympathy in their be- 
reavement ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of our departed brother and in- 
serted in the Bowdoin Orient. 

G. W. Hayes, '89, 
A. S. Ridley, '90, 
W. S. Foss, '91, 

For the Chapter. 

By the will of the late P. P. Norris, of Phila- 
delphia, the University of Pennsylvania will receive 
his extensive law library, valued at $190,000. 

Tufts College has received the skin and tusks of 
Jumbo, liarnum's deceased monster. The Ameri- 
can Museum of Natural History has received the re- 
mainder of the skeleton. 

I wooed a maiden, young and sweet, 

In mid Lent's dullest part; 
I threw myself at her dear feet, 

And asked her, for her heart. 

She smiled and arched her lovely brow, 

And said, quite innocent: 
" I cannot give my heart, just now, 
Because, you see, 'tis Lent." — Ex. 

In 1885, Germany spent for the education of her 
people $10,900,000 ; England, $36,000,000 ; France, 
$15,000,000; Austria, $9,000,000 ; Russia, $5,000,- 
000. The United States in that year, spent $100,- 
000,000 for education, or as much practically as the 
five. nations combined.— Ex. 

Oberlin College (O.) has never had a college 
yell, college colors, a college song, nor a chapter of 
any college fraternity. — Ex. 

The chairs of the Edinburgh Medical Faculty are 
each worth $17,000 a year. The professorships at 
Glasgow in Greek, Latin, and Mathematics are 
each worth $9,000 yearly — larger salaries than are 
paid in any American college. 

Clarks University, the buildings of which are 
rapidly nearing completion, will take rank among 
the foremost universities of the east. Its courses 
will contain no academical studies, but will consist 
entirely of specialties adapted to the needs of col- 
lege graduates who wish to secure a higher special- 
ized education. The facilities for original research 
will be such as to place it on a level with the best 
German Universities. — Ex. 

Three yeurs ago when fresh and green I entered 

The university, my mind to store, 
Methought the entire sum of knowledge centered, 

To full completeness, in the Sophomore. 

Three years have past. This Freshman-like delusion 
Gives away to what experience teaches, for 

In light of facts, I've come to the conclusion 
To thank kind fate that I'm a Soph-no-more. 

— Cornell Magazine. 



General Washington received the degree of 
LL.D. from Harvard in 1776, from Yale in 1781, 
from Pennsylvania and Brown in 1790. 

The plan for the wearing of caps and gowns on 
class day, by the Senior class at Yale, has been 
abandoned, as not enough men were willing to 
purchase them. 

Freshman- " Professor, shall we head our ex- 
amination paper Freshman LatinV Prof. — "No, 
sir. Any one would know it." — Ex. 

The Cornell crew pull eight miles a day. 
The cabinet of shells given to Yale College by 
Dr. Eldridge of Yarmouth, Mass., included ten 
thousand specimens, and over two thousand varie- 
ties, coming from all oceans of the world. One of 
the most valuable features is a collection of the 
different kiuds of nautilus shells, which are very 
rare in museums. 

Gladstone's library contains 15,000 volumes. 

— Ex. 
Harvard has organized a fencing club with 
large attendance. 

English is taught in all the Japanese govern- 
ment schools. 

The University of the Pacific is to have a con- 
servatory of music costing $35,000 

At Williams it is customary for the scorer of one 
season to become manager of the nest year's team. 
Amherst is to have a professorship of physical 
culture, in honor of the late Henry Ward Beecher. 
The University of California, chartered in 1868, 
has now over six hundred students, 350 of whom 
are at the college proper in Berkeley. The univer- 
sity includes the colleges of letters and sciouce at 
Berkeley, the colleges of medicine, dentistry, and 
pharmacy in San Francisco, and the astronomical 
department, which includes the famous Lick Observ- 
atory on Mt. Hamilton. There are also, throughout 
the State, agricultural experimental stations con- 
nected with the university of invaluable assistance 
to California farmers. 

Germany has 38,922 college students, against 
32,316 in this country. 

Oxford University has appliauces for printing in 
150 different languages. 

The president of Pekin University, China, is 
translating Shakespeare's works in Chinese. 

Yale has engaged a bicycle trainer, who is now 
training riders on the University track. 

The Faculty at Dartmouth have taken away the 
scholarships from the students who were concerned 
in last term's disturbances. 


Nature Readers, No. 3. Seaside and Wayside. Julia 
MoNair Wright. Published by D. C. Heath & Co., 
Boston, 1889. Pp. 297. 

There is no one thing more indicative of healthy 
moral being than a love of nature, making up as it 
does a large part of the love of the good and beau- 
tiful, without which there would be no morality. The 
study of Botany and Zoology and kindred sciences, 
inasmuch as it tends to cultivate the love of nature, 
are eminently useful. The earlier in life such stud- 
ies are begun the better, but the " Book of Nature " 
usually employed in the public schools is far from 
yielding good results, because it is not written in a 
way to interest the scholar. 

A book that shall treat these branches in such 
a manner as to render them easy of comprehension 
to a child, and at the same time make a vivid im- 
pression on his mind, will not fail of the appreciation 
of all educators. These are the objects aimed at 
by the author of this series of books, and her 
efforts are surely crowned with success. She has 
the happy faculty of dressing a subject in simple 
language without seeming to " write down " to the 
reader, a thing which a child despises when he rec- 
ognizes it. She devotes the first ten chapters to 
plants, giving a graphic description of the life hist- 
ory of a plant, with a pretty full account of plant 
classification. From a consideration of the way in 
which insects aid fertilization, she passes to insects 
themselves, then to birds, and finally to fishes. By 
employing a conversational style she is enabled to 
avoid the stiffness of the ordinary text-book. 

The effect of this book upon the scholar will be 
to so interest him in the subjects treated as to lead 
him to pursue them further and make investiga- 
tions of his own. 

This, it seems, is what the author seeks ; in the 
preface she says : "I sing an old song when I say 
that we are a nervous race, and our children are 
more intensely nervous than their parents. The 
antidote for this nervousness and its consequent 
train of disasters is to be found in the open air, in 
healthful out-of-door exercise, in the serene calm 
of nature, in the peaceful joys which the investiga- 
tion of nature affords us. If we can open wide the 
gates of ' the fairy land of science ' ; if we can 
bring the child near to the heart of Nature ; if we 
can absorb his hours of leisure, and many of his 
hours of brain work in the study of nature out of 
doors, we shall have done much towards making 
him robust in body, sound in mind, cheerful iu dis- 
position, and useful in the future." 




Union Depot, Portland, 

M. C. Cafe, Brunswick, 


M. C. Cafg, Bangor. 

The Union Depot Cafe is the most elegantly appointed place of its kind in 

America, and we are prepared to do first-class catering, not to be 

excelled by any one in New England. 

? Also, our Cafe at Brunswick offers Special Rates to Students and Clubs. 


AH business transactions please refer to the Proprietors, 

GEO. E. WOODBURY & SON, Portland, Me. 

MAINE CENTRAL R. R. ! teachers wanted! 

On and after April 28, 1SS9, 

Passenger Trains Leave Brunswick 

For BOSTON, 7.43, 11.30 a.m., 4.25, 4.4S p.m., 12.35 (night). 
Bath, 7.45, 11.30 a.m., 2.30, 4.50, and 6.15 p.m. 
Rockland, 7.45 a.m., 2.30 p.m. 

Lewiston, 7.45, 11.32 a.m., 2.30, 6.15 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Faemington, 2.30 p.m. 

Augusta, 7.48, 11.35 a.m., 2.32, 6.15 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Waterville, 7.48, 11.35 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Belfast and Dextee, 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Skowhegan, 7.48 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Bangor, 11.35 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Ellsworth, 11.35 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Bar Harbor, St. Johns, Calais, and Aroostook Co., 
2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 


Pass, and Ticket Agt., General Manager. 

Portland, Me. 

J. w. 


Have a Fine Line of 


Neckwear a Specialty. 
J. W. & O. R. PENNELL, Brunswick, Me. 

$75.° ° tO $250.° ° fl W0NTH ° anbC " mde working for us. 
" '~~ Agents preferred who car, furnish a 

horse and give their whole time to the business. Spare moments 
may be profitably employed also. A few vacancies in towns 
and cities. 


1009 Main St., Richmond, Va. 
N. B. — Please state age and business experience. Never mind 
about sending stamp for reply, B. F. J. & Co. 




Tobacco and Cigars a Specialty. 
Main Street, BRUNSWICK, ME. 

8 Principals, 11 Assistants, and a number for Music, 
also Art and Specialties. 

Send stamp for application form and circulars of infor- 
mation to 

National School Supply Bureau, 

Mention this paper. 



Correct styles and materials for University and College use. 

These gowns add grace and fullness to speaker's form. 

PRICES, $15 to $25, according to material. Special 
prices for large numbers to classes. For measurement, send 
height, width of shoulders, size of neck, length of sleeve. 


G. W. SIMMONS & CO>., 

32 to 44 North Street, 



Vol. XIX. 


No. 3- 




Geo. B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
P. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. G. Sfillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can he obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business I'Mitor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
be wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Pust.ODScj at Brunswick :is Sa'C"ih1-C1;iss Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 3.- May 22, 1889. 

Restless (poem), 27 

Editorial Notes, 27 

How to Write an Orient Article 30 

Wliy Dust Thou So? (poem) 31 

The Tear vs. the Chisel, 32 

Our Footing, 33 

The Alpha Delta Phi Couveutiou 33 

Base-Ball 34 

Collegii Tabula 3(i 

Personal 38 

In Memoriam, 39 

College World, 39 

Book Review 41 


Sometimes I long for the freedom 

Of some far-distant shore, 
For the wild and glad pulsation 

Of a wandering troubadour; 

To fly o'er the foaming billows 
Of the restless, bounding main, 

And roam o'er the Switzer's hill-side 
Or the rich Campanian plain. 

'Tis a strange, unnatural yearning 
That my words cannot express, 

When the soul is filled with longings 
I scarcely dare confess. 

In order that the account of Ivy-Day 
and Field-Day exercises may possess the 
freshness of their immediate inspiration and 
be submitted to our readers as soon as pos- 
sible after the events, the publication of the 
next issue will be deferred until Tuesday, 
June 11th. Also, for the sake of those alumni, 
whose interest in the historic old town of 
Brunswick is indissolubly connected with 
their interest in Bowdoin, it is our intention 
to publish, in the issue immediately following 
the celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary, as full an account of it as is con- 
sistent with the proportions of our sheet. 

We wish to announce to all contributors 
that we want no articles upon national topics. 
Furthermore we want nothing upon "Suc- 
cess," Perseverance," " The Value of Educa- 
tion," or any of the long list of kindred 
subjects. We want no lofty, grandiloquent 
rehearsals of those truisms which nobody has 
questioned since the Renaissance. What we 
desire is the discussion of live college, edu- 
cational or literary topics which are conspic- 
uously before the college world. Any ebul- 
lition of genuine wit will, of course, be 
gratefully received. 

All contributions, with the exception of 
locals, must be passed in by the Wednesday 
preceding the day of publication. There 



will be found in this issue a graceful little 
story, with a trite but true moral. It will 
be our intention to publish something of the 
kind frequently, and, if possible, vary that 
monotony which is apt to be the distinguish- 
ing characteristic of college papers. 

We protest against the unjust tabulations 
and summaries of our defeat at Waterville, 
May 8th, given out to Boston and Portland 
papers. We were fairly beaten, and the cir- 
culation of the same in the widest possible 
manner was perfectly natural and legitimate ; 
but the torsion to which the summary, etc., 
was submitted amounts, on the part of the 
reporter, either to the preclusion of sanity or 
the assumption of deliberate falsehood. We 
will not call it a violation of intercollegiate 
courtesy, for after the uniform cordiality and 
apparent good feeling with which our large 
delegation was received at Colby, we feel 
positive that the scores either emanated from 
some resident reporter or from some over- 
zealous partisan who is no fair representative 
of the college as a whole. 

The delay in the appearance of the '00 
Bugle is particularly annoying in that it 
places its criticism in the hands of those 
least qualified to render unbiased judgment. 

The function of the college annual is not, 
as runs the usual definition, to merely record 
those events and associations which may not 
be found in the catalogue. It is to hold the 
mirror up to college life, to bluntly and forc- 
ibly express the opinion of the student-body 
upon anything which imperatively demands 
reform, to slug relentlessly those who, from 
the feeling of the class by whom it is issued 
or the general consensus of college opinion, 
seem to deserve it, and to furnish harmless 
diversion for present students and recent 
alumni. Such are the characteristics which 
may be termed essential; and if to these are 

added the accidents of attractive exterior 
and racy typographical oddities, the merit of 
the publication is by so much enhanced. It 
is not to propagate any great moral reform 
or establish any deep philosophical principle. 
It is not a sabbath-school publication ; it 
should take college as it finds it, for good or 
for bad, and adapt itself to it. 

In college men there are blended some 
strangely inconsistent elements ; the good 
and bad are shaded with a happy touch that 
defies portrayal. In a colony by themselves, 
apart from the refining influences of the 
more delicate half, they unveil themselves 
with a robust recklessness which is the nat- 
ural outcome of their age and position. In 
the breathing-spells of study there is a sort 
of happy-go-lucky overflow of animal spirit, 
when they hit out to right and left, regard- 
less of method or results. Iirits reflection 
of college life the annual would be strangely 
unfaithful, were this phase omitted; but if 
we attempt to reconcile its seeming incon- 
sistencies with the eye of an outsider, we 
encounter the same difficulty which we found 
in the life it represents. 

Whether or not the image given by the 
'90 Bugle is distorted or true, and whether 
or not it fulfills those other characteristics 
which we gave as essential, it becomes us 
notto say. The college can judge as it will. 
It is evident that no attempt was made to 
cater to the prudish tastes of those members 
of the fair sex, who have no more sympathy 
with the vigorous flush of college life than 
Bunker Hill Monument for the rich verdure 
of a Virginia garden. It was published for 
college boys, not for them ; and whether or 
not it meeteth their exalted conception of the 
truly good is immaterial. 

The only cut to which we could offer any 
objections is one for which the editors are 
not responsible. The retoucher and en- 
graver, by putting a strained interpretation 
on the injunction, "put some spice into it," 



added those features in which a certain class 
of minds might see points for criticism. It 
had been engraved and proof returned when 
retraction was out of the question. 

The typographical work, which is second 
to that of no publication we have seen, is 
from the press of Winship, Daniels & Co., 
Boston. By their uniform courtesy and strict 
integrity they have won the confidence and 
esteem of the board. 

'At the time when the officers of our Ath- 
letic Association were elected, mention was 
made of a Maine intercollegiate Field-Day. 
In comparing our own with the records of 
other New England colleges, we find our- 
selves not taking the place that becomes the 
college of Sargent, and we have no doubt 
but the other colleges of the State might 
make a similar comparison with similar 

In a recent conversation with an Amherst 
student mention was made of the Worcester 
contests with their eager training and intense 
enthusiasm ; and the assemblage of the stu- 
dents of the institutions there represented 
was spoken of as one of the most enjoyable 
events of the year. 

The Maine colleges are in an eddy by 
themselves, and participation in the above- 
mentioned contests is impracticable. Were 
this not the case we have no reason to sup- 
pose that the boys of our State would not 
take the prominent position that its sons 
have always taken in whatever they have 
entered into. But however much removed 
from the great current of the college world, 
the situation of the Maine colleges and the 
railway connections are admirably adaj)ted 
to the establishment of such an organization 
within our own confines. 

In the first place, while arousing a healthy 
and more intense competition (and " compe- 
tition is the life of trade "), it would at the 
same time bring the colleges into a more 

intimate relation, and serve in a large de- 
gree to raze the present unnatural barriers. 
Tribal factions are a relic of another civili- 
zation, and between colleges, the heirs of all 
high thought, and the very essence and fact of 
our present age of culture they are singu- 
larly out of place. The ill-feeling that now 
exists is diametrically opposed to the aims 
of college founders and the trend of higher 

Again, it would react upon the institu- 
tions represented for their mutual advantage, 
and in this way : Many live young men of 
superior intellectual and athletic ability ob- 
ject to entering our Maine colleges, because 
they lack the snap and vigor of more closely 
related institutions. There is a fascination 
about entering those colleges which throb 
with the healthy pulse of athletic competi- 
tion. The eager and by no means detri- 
mental excitement of the Worcester contests, 
and those kindred to it, strikes a responsive 
chord in the breast of every vigorous young 

The students should co-operate with the 
faculties in keeping the keen, alert boys, who 
are fitting in our Maine high schools and 
academies, in our own institutions. We 
should not look at it in the narrow light of 
local prejudice, but from the broader stand- 
point of intercollegiate co-operation. In no 
way could pleasure and profit be more hap- 
pily combined than by such a move. We 
make no claim that it would do all that is 
proposed above, but it would be a potent 
force in the desired resultant. Whether or 
not it is too late to do anything this year we 
cannot say, but push and immediate action 
will do a good deal in a little while. We 
invite the opinions of Bowdoin students and 
of other college organs regarding the scheme. 

It seems quite as necessary that the 
campus and college buildings present an 
attractive exterior upon Ivy Day as upon 



Commencement Week. The character of 
the exercises upon the former occasion is 
such that they attract just that class of vis- 
itors upon whom it is desirable that the col- 
lege make a good impression. • It is the time 
which sub-freshmen usually take to look us 
over and decide whether they will cast their 
lot with us. The Commencement guests are 
largely alumni, whose fidelity to their Alma 
Mater is founded upon something more last- 
ing than a clipped lawn or a gravel walk. It 
has usually been the custom to defer renova- 
tion until shortly before the close of the year. 
We hope that those in charge will consider 
this matter and, if they think favorably of 
it, take the proper action. 

The expectation of occupying the Com- 
mencement stage will perhaps strike its fort- 
unate possessors in a new light, if, as no 
doubt it will, the thought occurs to them 
that its trepidation and difficulties are only 
those which have been shared by many 
another, now eminent in every walk of life, 
and by those "other eminent," whose fruitful 
courses have borne them, loaded with honors, 
to the graduation final. 

Our Bowdoin scribe evidently caught 
something of this spirit when the happy 
thought struck him of writing up the article 
which appeared in the Lewiston Saturday 
Journal of May 11th. Seldom do we en- 
counter anything more interesting or timely. 

From it we learn that Longfellow was 
compelled to write two articles before he 
could satisfy the fastidious taste of himself 
and his father ; that the historian, J. S. C. 
Abbott, devoted himself to discussing the 
comparative merits of Byron, Scott, and Irv- 
ing, which our scribe of sixty-four years later 
joins us in callinga "rather strange medley "; 
that President Franklin Pierce held forth on 
"The Influence of Circumstances on the In- 
tellectual Character "; that Egbert C. Smyth, 
the most eminent of American theologians, 

wrote upon " The Old Age of Milton "; Chief 
Justice Fuller upon the usual theme of 
Salutatorians, and Hon. Thomas B. Reed 
upon "The Fear of Death"; while we, whose 
aspirations for a Commencement Part are 
vain, can solace our grieved spirits with the 
reflection that " the great Hawthorne" was 
similarly debarred. 

Though not conspicuous in the above list, 
in most instances we find the same ponder- 
ous titles as at the present day, and we 
have no doubt but they possessed the same 
lack of perspicuity in perspective that has 
been the fault of most the graduation essays 
we have ever listened to. 


For the benefit of those who are ambi- 
tious to get on the Orient board, but expe- 
rience difficulty in so doing, as well as for 
our own encouragement and self-guidance in 
the literary way, we " typography " the fol- 
lowing ideas: 

The first obstacle to successful amateur 
authorship among undergraduate students, 
which, by the way, is only a supposed one, 
but is, nevertheless, allowed to hold many a 
young man helpless, is the plea, " I don't 
have time." Probably no expression is 
oftener used for quieting consciences prick- 
ling over lost opportunities than this. With 
a man who has nothing but his regular 
studies to attend to it is misapplied and 
meaningless. If he really wants to write in 
order to become an Orient man, or for any 
other purpose, we earnestly advise him to 
take time. He will find that i'f he sits down in 
a business-like way and comjjletes an article 
or does what he can on it and then takes it 
up again he will have exactly as much time 
for committing his morrow's lessou, nor will 
his prospects for that philosophical oration 
at the end of his course be at all injured. 



This may seem paradoxical, but it is true, for 
he will throw aside his dreamy moments, of 
which every one has more or less, and make 
the last hour before recitations count for 
more than double the study of any other 
time, just as the last two minutes and a half 
before chapel exercises count for more boiled 
eggs and running than any other period. 
But the one who, having been shown this, 
dares not try his pen or time, is the case to 
be despaired of. If he would really like to 
be on the editorial board of his college's pub- 
lication, or acknowledges any other ambition, 
but has not the original force or mental 
momentum to twist out of the plain and 
steady ruts of life marked out for him by 
those who know nothing of his predilections 
(in this case the college Faculty), he may 
well be relegated to that large and inevitable 
class whose principal characteristic is, " I 
can't get round to it," and whose chief source 
of gratitude should be for the peace that 
obscurity affords. 

With the few who pass this chimerical, 
but in most cases fatal difficulty, the question 
arises, What and how shall I write ? 

In general, you will produce a more 
effective article by writing on a subject 
upon which you have your own ideas — ideas 
that have been derived from your own obser- 
vations and practical experience in life, not 
those from between the covers of some 
ancient sage's work found mouldering within 
the library alcoves and imperfectly resusci- 
tated by you. Your own ideas will naturally 
be clothed in your own language and here, 
perhaps, is where the key to a successful 
article lies, for their freshness and vigor will 
stand forth with surprising clearness when 
compared with the feebleness of those that 
have been partially borrowed in substance 
and in garb. Original thought, be it ever so 
opinionated and wrong, coupled with free, 
genuine expression, almost always carries 
with it an irresistible charm, for it brightly 

reflects the personality of the author — a thing 
that is forever interesting. 

If a sentence or idea comes to you in a 
form different from that in which some one 
else would put it, don't, on that account, dis- 
card it. This will probably be its single 
merit and salvation. Shortness, sharpness, 
terseness, brightness, peculiar turns and odd 
ideas — these are the very life and soul of your 
literary art. The commoner parts serve merely 
as connective tissue and contain not the essen- 
tial principle of true, living composition. 

To begin an article a single good, clear- 
cut idea that is your own, upon any subject, 
no matter how common, is sufficient. By the 
time you have gotten this into form you will 
be surprised to find how many minor ones, 
apparently allured by the prospect of good 
company, will have grouped themselves about 
it awaiting your disposal. They can be jotted 
down in any order. You then have the sub- 
stance ; it only remains for you to arrange 
and prune it. 


Returned to college sad and blue, 

I sat upon ray stove ; 
My feet were on the mantel-piece, 

I chewed a pungent clove. 

This dark reflection came to me, 

As round I cast my eye, 
"0 Dust, thou art a fearful curse ! 

Why art thou here ? Oh, why ? " 

Submissively I bowed my head, 

Like contemplative bird ; 
The question quick resolved itself, 

There came to me this word : 

" youth of aspiration high, 
Who dwellest in this room, 

A good housekeeper needest thou, 
One that will wield the broom. 

" 111 fitting 'tis for thee to dwell 

In celibacy dry, 
Life's common comforts you thus miss. 

Why dost thou so ? Oh, why ? " 




It was one of those chilly autumn nights, 
when whirling leaves and rattling shutters 
warn us of approaching winter, that a young 
girl sought a night's shelter in some secluded 
nook along one of the avenues of a certain 
wealthy and populous city. Her clothing 
was ill-adapted to protect her slight form 
from the frequent gusts of wind which swept 
about her, and the harp which she bore would 
sorely tax a stouter frame than hers. One 
looking upon the singular beauty and pure 
expression of her countenance would be 
forced to admit that her present humble con- 
dition was due to a fortune extremely adverse 
and not to sins of her own committal. 

On this day the simple melodies which 
she sang had failed to attract the passer-by, 
as he hurried to the warmth and light of his 
fireside, and to purchase a night's lodging 
was for her impossible. She had been unsuc- 
cessful in finding a place to rest her weary 
and aching limbs, each endeavor being greeted 
by " Move on " from a burly policeman, until, 
approaching the suburbs, she sank exhausted 
upon a discarded block of marble, half buried 
in the gutter. In despair she cried aloud : 
" O cold marble, thou art not colder than the 
hearts of men ! What have I to live for, or 
why should I try to be good ? The wicked 
are happier and succeed better than I, and 
why not be one of them? I will no longer 
shun evil associates, but will seek comfort 
and happiness wherever it be." 

Thus was the poor girl sorely tempted, 
when tired nature asserted itself and she fell 
asleep. She dreamed that she was about to 
choose between two roads. Duty pointed out 
the one, while a strange fascination allured 
her toward the other. When entering the 
latter she looked up and saw a beautiful face 
filled with sympathy, and tears of sorrow 
were in the eyes. Then, retracing her steps, 
she followed the dictates of conscience and 
w;is happy. 

The sun was shining brightly next morn- 
ing when two men paused before the objects 
just described; a sculptor, richly attired and 
with a face which, while handsome, betrayed 
a cold and selfish disposition, and a laboring 
man with soft blue eyes, indicating a loving 
heart beneath his workman's suit. The pro- 
portions of the marble block had attracted the 
attention of the one, while that face pinched 
with cold and hunger brought tears to the 
eyes of the other. 

Just then the young girl awoke, and her 
eyes fell upon the sculptor regarding her 
with curling lip and scornful eye. She shrank 
from his gaze, but her heart grew harder and 
the resolve of the previous night crept closer 
into her soul. Then she mechanically glanced 
toward the other, and was it to be wondered 
at that the friendless girl thought her dream 
proved, true? Here was some one weeping 
for her, an outcast ! Not since her dear 
mother left her had any real sympathy been 
shown toward her, and bursting into tears 
she swooned before them. The laborer had 
her carried to his humble home, while the 
sculptor measured the marble and ordered it 
conveyed to his studio. 

A grand building, situated in the most 
beautiful portion of the city, has just been 
completed, and is being dedicated to the serv- 
ice of the public. A vast assembly of people 
is gathered within its walls. One name is on 
every tongue, that of the architect whose 
work is being commemorated. He is also a 
sculptor, and has presented a beautiful statue 
which has been unveiled, receiving the admi- 
ration of all. Both press and people heap 
honors upon this gifted man. But there is, 
far back in a corner of the room, another 
individual who has met the sculptor before. 
What of him? There appears before the 
audience a beautiful woman, and everything 
else is forgotten in listening to this queen of 
song. Many a heart is stirred and tears fall, 



for she sings from the depths of her soul. 
And this is the work of the other man, the 
common laborer. His tears of pity touched 
a string of her heart hitherto unused, and by 
a remarkable energy she has fought her way 
upward. She herself and the statue by her 
side were crude material in the gutter one 
night long ago. An angel was brought out 
of the stone by the chisel, while the better 
nature of a woman was aroused by a tear. 
Which was the nobler work ? 


A man entering college may be well com- 
pared to a stream, which, coming from what- 
ever source it will, flows into the ocean and 
there finds its level. We can see that it is 
so with the college man ; for, no matter how 
he has been borne along thus far, from the 
time that the college doors open to receive 
him, he must rest on his own merits and on 
them alone. If he has talent and ability in 
any direction, in no place will he find men 
more ready to recognize and appreciate it. 
If he has noble traits of character, they are 
sure to be shown amid the many and peculiar 
temptations of college life, before many 
weeks have passed. 

■ It is quite generally believed by outsiders 
that money makes the man, in college. This, 
perhaps, may be true to a certain extent in a 
large university, but as regards the average 
college it is a most mistaken idea. To be 
sure, a man may, in any place by a lavish 
expenditure of money, attract to himself flat- 
terers, who will care only for what they can 
get out of him, and will despise him for his 
pains, but in order to gain the respect and 
regard of Ins fellows he must prove himself 
worthy of it, in some way. 

If a man is talented, open-hearted, up- 
right, he will be sure to be respected, if he 
has never so scanty an income. On the 
other hand mere poverty will avail one no 

more than mere wealth ; for centuries it has 
remained an axiom, that to have friends one 
must give proof that he is worthy of them, 
must be able to inspire confidence and give 
something in return for what he receives. 
Few men can successfully dissimulate. We 
are almost invariably given credit for what 
we deserve, not more, not less. 


The fifty-seventh annual convention of 
the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity was held 
with the Yale Chapter in New Haven, Tues- 
day and Wednesday, May 7th and 8th. Mon- 
day evening the chapter hall was filled with 
delegates to the convention and Yale men, 
who initiated into the Fraternity nine men 
from Johns Hopkins University, who were 
the charter members of the new chapter just 
established there. 

Tuesday morning was occupied by the 
business session of the convention, which 
met in the Masonic Temple on Chapel Street. 
Some forty-five delegates from eighteen col- 
leges were in attendance. Tuesday after- 
noon the convention photograph was taken 
on the steps of the Sloane Laboratory, and 
then a reception was tendered to the visiting 
Alpha Delta by the Yale boys in their hall. 
Opportunity was also given for inspecting 
dormitories and other college buildings and 
for watching the Yale nine practice. In the 
evening the public exercises took place in 
the Hyperion Theater, before an audience 
which filled the house. Rev. E. E. Hale, 
Prof. G. T. Ladd of Yale, President Gates of 
Rutgers, Rev. Dr. L. W. Bacon, and Hon. 
W. W. Crapo took part, and the exercises 
were among the most interesting of the con- 
vention. Cappa's Seventh Regiment Orches- 
tra furnished fine music here and on Tuesday 
afternoon and evening. 

On the following morning the business of 
the convention was completed, and in the 



afternoon a trip down the bay was taken at 
the invitation of the Yale Chapter, which was 
greatly enjoyed by all. On the return, the 
visitors saw the famous Yale crew row against 

In the evening came the banquet, which 
was a great success in every sense of the 
word, and greatly enjoyed by all the one 
hundred and fifty who partook of it. Rev. 
E. E. Hale, President of the Fraternity, pre- 
sided, and the toasts were responded to by 
such men as Judge Patterson, Hon. Joseph 
H. Choate, President Dwight of Yale, Profes- 
sor Peck, and Hon. S. W. Kellogg. Great 
regret was expressed at the enforced absence 
of Rev. Phillips Brooks, who was to have 
responded to a toast. 

The boys separated at a late hour, all 
speaking in high terms of the splendid man- 
agement of the Yale boys and the complete 
success of the convention. The Fraternity 
meets next year at Rochester, N. Y., with 
the Rochester Chapter. 

Colby, 15 ; Bowdoin, 10. 

The Colbys took revenge for the drub- 
bing our boys gave them, by returning the 
compliment on the Waterville grounds. One 
hundred and fifty from Bowdoin attended. 
In the first inning, by some judicious hits 
on the part of Colby and some bad errors on 
the part of Bowdoin, the former succeeded 
in obtaining a good lead. 

Thompson pitched a winning game, scat- 
tering the hits effectively. Errors by Free- 
man and Packard were responsible for the 
defeat. The fielding of Roberts, the catch 
of Fogg, and the batting of Parsons were 
the features. A continuous fusilade of 
" B-o-w-d-o-i-n " and "C-o-l-b-y" was kept 
up between the two colleges. The following 
is the score : 


A.B. R. E. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 3b., 4 2 2 

Freeman, 2b., .... 5 2 1 1 3 6 3 

Fogg, c.f 5 2 2 4 2 

Thompson, p., .... 5 5 2 

Fish, c 5 2 2 4 4 3 

Jordan, s.s., 5 1 1 1 1 

Newman, l.f 5 1 1 1 2 

Hilton, r.f., 3 1 1 1 1 

Downes, lb. , 4 1 1 112 1 1 

Totals 41 10 9 11 27 15 10 


A.B. R. B. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, 3b., 5 3 1 2 3 2 1 

Wagg, p G 1-2 2 1 5 1 

Gilmore, lb., 5 2 7 

Roberts, c.f 4 2 1 1 4 

Foster, c, 5 2 2 4 5 3 1 

Kalloch, r.f 5 4 

Smith, 2b. 5 1 1 2 1 

Megquire, s.s 5 2 3 3 2 3 

Merrill, l.f 4 2 2 3 2 

Totals 44 15 11 15 27 12 7 

Earned runs — Bowdoin, 2; Colby, 2. Base on balls — 
Packard and Hilton, Parsons and Roberts. Hit by pitched 
ball— Merrill. Two-base hits— Fish (2), Parsons and 
Merrill. Three-base hits— Foster. Passed balls — Fish, 1; 
Foster,5. Stolen bases — Bowdoin, 7; Colby, 11. Umpire — 
Ezra Nevens of Lewiston. 

Boivdoin, 21 ; Bates, 5. 
The first Bowdoin-Bates game was one- 
sided and uninteresting. The former picked 
up the ball in the first inning and simply 
ran away with it. In the sixth inning Wil- 
son, who has been suffering this season with 
a lame arm, was batted out of the box. The 
Bowdoins fielded cleanly and batted hard. 
Hilton pitched well, Newman made one of 
his characteristic left-field catches, Freeman 
performed the almost phenomenal feat of 
running from second to first to back up the 
latter, thereby catching an otherwise costly 
wild throw from third. Fish batted out four 
clean hits with a total of six, and for Bates, 
Graves spoiled, by bad throws, some truly 
professional pick-ups. The score : 


A.B. R. B. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 3b 4 1 1 

Freeman, 2b 4 3 2 2 2 3 1 

Fogg, c.f., 7 3 2 2 1 

Thompson, r.f 4 3 2 2 1 

Fish, c, G 2 4 G 8 1 

Jordan, s.s., 6 2 1 2 1 1 1 

Newman, l.f 5 1 3 4 2 

Hilton, p 5 1 2 2 1 12 

Downes, lb 4 2 9 2 

Totals 48 21 1G 20 2G 19 3 




A.E. R. B. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Graves, 3b 4 1 3 

Wilson, p., 2b. 5 2 3 2 4 

Putnam, l.f 4 1 1 1 4 1 

Daggett, 2b., p., .... 4 1 1 1 3 6 1 

Call, c, 4 1 1 1 G 1 

Gilmore, lb 4 8 

Little, c.f. 1 1 

Knox, c.f. 3 1 2 

Garcelon, s.s., .... 4 2 2 2 1 2 3 

Emery, r.f 3 

Totals 3G 5 7 8 2G 14 10 


12345 G 789 

Bowdoin 45011801 1—21 

Bates 1 3 1 0—5 

Earned runs— Bowdoiu, 5; Bates, 1. Two-base hits— 
Fisb, Jordan, Newman, and Wilson. Base on balls— Pack- 
ard, Freeman (3), Thompson, Downes (2), Graves. Hit by 
pitched ball— Thompson. Passed balls— Fish, 2; Call, 3. 
Wild pitches— Hilton, 1; Wilson, 2. Double play— Hilton, 
Downes, and Fish. Hit by batted ball— Newman and 
Emery. Time of game— 2 hours 15 minutes. Umpire — Doc. 

Presumpscots, 8; Boivdoin, 6. 
By far the most interesting and skillful 
game of the seastm was played against the 
Presumpscots on the delta last Wednesday. 
The Bowdoins tried Gately, and the success 
which he had in scattering hits against the 
strongest batting club in the State, warrants 
his donning the Bowdoin white in the future 
and being placed upon the bench for an 
emergency. The first three innings was a 
model game, and they ended with the score 
1 to in favor of Bowdoin. In the fourth 
the Presumpscots secured a lead of two runs, 
while in the fifth and sixth Bowdoin again 
forged ahead bringing the score up to six- 
three in their own favor. In the eighth and 
ninth, however, Webb began to send the balls 
singing over the plate, and a few hits, assisted 
by one or two costly errors, gave the Pre- 
sumpscots the game. 

Newman played great ball, capturing 
some hard flies and throwing two men out 
at home plate. Freeman and Morton led the 
batting. It would be well for some of our 
cultured (?) college teams to emulate the 
exceedingly gentlemanly demeanor of the 
Presumpscots, and the manner in which their 
captain addresses his men. The following 
is the score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. 

Morton, lb., 5 

Webb, p., 5 

Batchelder, 2b 5 1 1 2 1 3 

Files, l.f 4 3 

Campbell, s.s., .... 5 1 1 1 5 1 

Clark, r.f., 3 2 1 1 

Smith, c.f., 5 1 1 1 1 

Wilson, 3b 5 1 2 2 4 1 2 

Harmon, c 4 1 2 2 9 2 


41 8 13 17 *2G 18 6 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 3b 5 2 2 2 2 

Freeman, 2b 4 2 2 4 4 

Fogg, c.f 5 2 3 3 1 

Thompson, r.f 5 1 1 

Fish, c 5 5 2 1 

Jordan, s.s., 5 3 2 

Newman, l.f 5 1 3 3 4 2 1 

Downes, lb., 5 1 1 1 8 2 

Gately, p., 4 7 2 

Totals, 43 G 11 14 +2fi 20 6 

* Thompson hit by batted ball, 
twinning run made with two out. 


Bowdoins, . 














Earned runs — Presumpscots, 2; Bowdoins, 2. Two- 
base bits — Webb, Batchelder, Fogg. Three-base hits- 
Morton, Freeman. Double plays— Newman and Freeman ; 
Morton, Batchelder, and Wilson. Base on balls — Files, 
Freeman, Clark (2). Passed balls— Freeman, 1; Harmon, 
2. Wild pitches— Webb, 2. Stolen bases — Smith, 
Watson, Harmon, Packard (2), Freeman, Fogg, Newman 
(2). Left on bases — Presumpscots, 11; Bowdoins, 11. 
Time of game — 2 hours 5 minutes. Umpires— Richards 
and Gilman. 

Bowdoin, 8; Colby, 4. 

The last of the three games in the Bow- 
doin-Colby series was won by the former, at 
Lewiston, May 18th. Our boys easily out- 
played their opponents at every point, and 
in the series have conclusively demonstrated 
themselves the stronger team. The features 
of the game were the battery work of Fish 
and Hilton, the playing of Freeman at 
second, and the base running of Packard. 
The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 3b., 5 3 2 3 1 1 

Freeman, 2b., .... 4 1 2 3 6 2 

Fogg, c.f., 5 2 2 2 

Thompson, r.f 4 1 1 1 1 1 

Fish.c 4 5 3 1 

Jordan, s.s., 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 

Newman, r.f., .... 4 1 1 2 1 1 

Hilton, p 4 1 7 1 

Downes, lb., 4 9 






A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, p., 3 2 3 12 1 

Wagg, 3b 4 1 1 1 1 1 

Foster, c, 4 1 1 1 8 3 1 

Roberts, c.f., 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 

Kalloch, r.f 4 1 2 1 

Gilmore, 2b 4 1 2 

Bonney, lb., 4 7 1 1 

Merrill, l.f 3 1 2 

Smith, s.s., 3 1 1 

Totals, 33 4 5 7 24 19 9 

Earned runs— Bowdoin, 3; Colby, 1. Umpire — Nevins 
of Lewiston. 

Bowdoin now leads the list with every 
prospect of winning the championship. There 
is the best of harmony among the players 
and in the college, and every member of the 
team is in good condition. 


Played. Won. Lost. Percent. 

Bowdoin, ... 5 3 2 .600 

Colby, . . . . C 3 3 .500 

Bates, .... 4 2 2 .500 

M. S. C, . . . 3 1 2 .333 



We have learned that protoplasm 

Is the chief thing of our make-up; 
That without its quickening presence 
Soon would cease all care and strife. 
But there's one thing, kind Professor, 
That you never seem to take up, 
And we fain would ask the question, 
Pray, Professor, what is life ? 

You have said that living matter 

Long ago, when first created, 
All contained the self-same substance, 
And 'twas now the same as then, 
Only by some freak of nature 

It had differentiated, 

Some had grown to maple trees, and 
Some had reached its growth in men. 

Yet there's something yet unsettled, 

One thing yet you have not told us, 
A iid we crave to ask a question, 
Yim may answer at your ease. 

We will grant that life is sweet, yet, 
Why does this gross flesh enfold us, 
Why should matter grow at all, and 

Why are we not maple trees? 

Chapman, '91, represented his chapter at the 
A. A. *. convention held at New Haven, May 7th and 

The chapel choir recently dwindled down to two 
men, Messrs. Gilpatrick and Simpson. The duet 
was ranch enjoyed by the boys who were fortunate 
enough to be present. 

Brunswick celebrates her sesqui-centennial June 
13th. Prof. Chapman will deliver the poem of the 

Pejepscot is a favorite name in Brunswick. 
There is a Pejepscot Historical Society, Pejepscot 
Lodge, I. O. O. P., Pejepscot Canoe Club, Pejepscot 
Bicycle Club, Pejepscot Water Company, Pejepscot 
Hook and Ladder Company, the Pejepscot steamer, 
and the Pejepscot Bank. 

The Juniors have at last settled the knotty 
question of class election. Th'o officers are : Presi- 
dent, W. R. Smith; Vice-President, W. W. Hub- 
bard; Secretary and Treasurer, E. L. Bartlett; 
Orator, G. F. Freeman ; Poet, F. J. Allen ; Marshal, 
E. A. F. McCullough ; Curator, G. W. Blanchard; 
Odist, F. E. Simpson. 

The Juniors have voted to wear the cap and 
gown, Ivy Day. 

A. P. McDonald, '91, and Webb, '90, were dele- 
gates to the national T. M. C. A. convention at 
Philadelphia, the 11 th. 

The Sophomores have drawn up and had printed 
a constitution and set of by-laws by which the class 
is to be governed in its meetings and elections. 
This is a move in the right direction, and one which 
should bo followed by succeeding classes. A little 
document of this kind, signed by representatives of 
the class, may often be the means of settling a dis- 
puted point, and perhaps of preventing that which 
is to be most dreaded in class elections, a deadlock. 

Files, '89, attended the Psi Upsilon Convention 
at Rochester, N. Y., May 15th and lOth. 

Allen, Brooks, Chandler, Freeman, Hunt, Rid- 
ley, Royal, Tolman, Turner, and Wingate are the 
lucky men for the Junior Prize Speaking. 

The Lewiston Journal of May 11th published 
quito a lengthy article from the pen of Emory, '89, 
on "Commencement Parts of Famous Bowdoin 
Graduates." The article is written in a highly 
entertaining style, and contains much information 



of value to the weary "Senior, undecided about his 
graduating theme." 

Aspirants for Field-Day fame may be seen prac- 
ticing daily in favorable spots on and about the 
campus. Here and there various long-legged men 
practice the different jumps, while ever and anon 
there appears through the trees the manly form of 
some long-winded athlete indulging in his regular 
mile run around the college grounds. Nor are the 
sprinters idle or the heavy men or the boat crews, 
but all arc steadily training for the coming spring 
contests. If hard work and the number of men 
entered are auy indication, we may safely prophesy 
that our athletes will demoralize several Bowdoin 
records on the approaching Field Day. 

What has become of the spring tennis tourna- 
ment? As yet nothing of this kind has materialized 
and something ought to be done. Several of the 
Fraternities are playing off among themselves, but 
no general college movement has taken place. Why 
not have each Fraternity by a series of games pick 
out its best single and double teams and let the men 
thus chosen play it out ? In this way the present 
doubtful question in regard to the college cham- 
pionship would be fairly settled without all the 
confusion and red tape of a general tournament. 

Moody, '90, has returned from teaching. 

How about that new grand stand ? 

About 150 of the students went to Waterville 
the eighth, to take in the second game in the Bow- 
doin-Colby series. Wingate's plug hat was the 
Hoodoo, and Bowdoin failed to get there. Pull off 
that hat, Bill, and give us a show for the pennant. 

The article in our last issue on "The Quick or 
the Dead," received quite a neat notice from the 
Lewiston Journal. 

The Senior class supper will occur at the Ton- 
tine on the evening of Juno 5th, after the final 
exams. Mr. F. L. Staples will be toast-master. 

Jordan worked in his usual twobagger in the 
Bates-Bowdoin game. 

In the same game Vic succeeded in putting the 
sphere over both fences, and on to the A. D. tenuis 
court. Unfortunately the ball was foul, but it was 
a great bid for a home run nevertheless. 

A well-kuown special and an equally well-known 
town boy gave a pleasing athletic exhibition at 
Augusta, ou the return from Waterville. 

Bowdoin has nothing to complain of in regard 
to her treatment at Waterville. The Colbys acted 

like white men, and the boys came home well sat- 
isfied with everything but the result of the game. 

Richards and Rice are a good brace of men to 
have on hand at a ball game. Rice takes care that 
there shall be no superfluous chinning in the 
grand stand, and it is noticeable that Doc. generally 
succeeds in persuading the coachers to address their 
discourses to the other players rather than to him- 

The two-umpire scheme was worked for the 
first time on the Bowdoin delta in the Presumpscot 

In the second inning of the Bates - Bowdoin 
game Freeman and Downes took charge of every- 
thing outside of the battery work. Three 
grounders were knocked in succession to Freeman, 
who gathered them in, giving Downes three put- 
outs at first. 

What's the matter with the way Hilton and Fish 
watch bases 1 

President Hyde tendered the Seniors a reception 
at his residence on Federal Street, May 14. Among 
those present were Profs. Chapman, Lee, Robinson, 
and Pease, with their ladies, and the Crescent and 
Mummy clubs representing the leading young ladies 
of Brunswick. After refreshments, college songs 
were sung; Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Pease, and Prof. Chap- 
man rendering several solos. The company broke 
up at a late hour, having passed a most enjoyable 

Through the courtesy of manager Crawford the 
Presumpscot and Bowdoin ball-tossers attended the 
performance of " A French Marriage," presented 
by Maud Banks, at Town Hall, May 15th. 

Wilson, the Bates pitcher, occasionally puts on 
tho same razzle-dazzle motion that Kelly, of the 
Portlands, works. It's a very pretty motion, but it 
can't catch Bowdoin just the same. 

How about that Hornung throw from left field 
to home plate ? Newman ? Yes, he's the man that 
did it, and still they say that Bowdoin hasn't any 

Quite a crowd went to Lewiston, Saturday, to 
witness the deciding game in the Bowdoin-Colby 

Sear's Special and the Pettitt seem to be the 
favorite tennis rackets this year. 

If M. S. C. had won her game with Bates she 
would have stood at the head of the league ; as it 



is she foots the list. One game sometimes makes 
quite a difference. 

The Seniors observed Arbor Day by setting out 
what promises to be a fine elm in the space be- 
tween Memorial and Massachusetts Halls. Speeches 
were made by the president of the class, Mr. G. 
L. Rogers, and by several of the other members. 
After being photographed by Weeks, the assembly 
adjourned with an appropriate verse of "Phi Chi." 

Downes is not much on batting, but, as he says, 
" What is the need of a base hit when a man can 
get his first every time on balls, and score on 
errors ? " 

Invitations for Class Day can be obtained from 
Clark about June 1st. 

It has been decided to have the Commencement 
dance on the green, if the weather permits. If un- 
pleasant it will be held in Memorial Hall. 

William Condon, LL.D., Lord High Functionary 
of the Mucker Department, is getting in some very 
judicious work on the walks. 

At last the Bowdoin -Colby series is finished and 
Bowdoin is the winner. For the first time since 
1885 our nine has defeated the university team in 
two out of three games, and at present everything 
seems to indicate that this year the pennant will 
honor old Bowdoin. 

The boys who staid over in Lewiston, Saturday 
night, to take in the groat Fautasma, report that 
those who came home on the early train missed it. 
The Fairy Queen and the other fairies were worth 
seeing, so Foss says. 

Saturday, the Colbys had an opportunity to bat 
Hilton out of the box, as a Colby correspondent of 
the Globe a few days ago predicted they would. 
The heavy hitters, however, did not put in an ap- 
pearance, even Parsons, the star batter, failing 
to touch the ball safely. Five hits, with a total of 
seven, was the best they could do, aud they ought 
to be thankful that West allowed them as many as 

Princeton College is to have a journal managed 
and edited by the Faculty. President Patton will 
be editor-in-chief, and departments in the different 
branches of learning will be conducted by the 
various professors. They will call it the Princeton 
College Bulletin. What fun that president will have 
chasing professors for matter. 

'42.— Mr. Thomas Tash, 
Superintendent of Public 
Schools in Portland, died very sud- 
denly at his home in Portland, May 
7th. He was in his usual health up to 
the day of his death. Thomas Tash was 
born in New Durham in 1819, and graduated from 
Bowdoin in the class of '42. On leaving college 
he took charge of Foxcroft Academy six years, then 
of the Calais High School one year, was Principal 
of Union Academy, Oldtown, three years; of Hamp- 
ton Academy, five years; the High School, Dover, 
N. H., eight years. Mr. Tash also taught Greek at 
Cooperstown Seminary, N. Y. ; was head master of 
the Lewiston High School four years, and Superin- 
tendent of Schools for the city six years. In 1877 
he was elected Superintendent of the Portland 
schools, which position he held at the time of his 
death. He was on the Board of Overseers of Bow- 
doin, and has been frequently on the examining 
committees. Mr. Tash took a great interest in all 
educational movements in the State. He was a 
member of the Maine Pedagogical Society, an officer 
of the Portland Art Society, and a member of the 
Fraternity Club. In 1848 he married Miss Holmes 
of Foxcroft. His widow aud daughter survive him. 
Mr. Tash has been the author of many literary aud 
educational articles, and was Maine editor of some 
of the educational magazines. Mr. Tash was very 
much liked and respected, and will bo a great loss 
to the college and the community. 

'44. — Exercises in memory of the late Judge C. 
W. Goddard were held by the Cumberland Bar in 
the Supreme Judicial Court in Portland, May 14th. 
Resolutions were adopted, aud remarks made by 
Hon. S. C. Strout and Judge J. A. Waterman, '46. 

'53.— Chief Justice Fuller has purchased the res- 
idence of Judge Wiley, one of the finest houses in 
Washington, and will move into it in the fall. 

'56. — Rev. R. B. Howard has again been elected 
Corresponding Secretary of the American Peace 
Society, at their annual meeting. 

'57. — Hon. Samuel F. Chase died at Saco, Maine, 
Sunday, May 5th, of paralysis. Mr. Chase was spe- 
cial United States Treasury Agent, under Grant ; 
Judge of the Municipal Court for twelve years; 



Supervisor of Schools, and was Postmaster just 
before the Cleveland administration. Judge Chase 
leaves a widow, one daughter, and three sons. 

'61.— President M. C. Fernald, of Maine State 
College, is director for the State of Maine of the 
National Education Association, which meets at 
Nashville, Teun., iu July. 

'68. — John S. Derby, Esq., is editor of the Daily 
and Weekly Standard, Biddeford, Maine. 

71.— Rev. Everett S. Stackpole has just founded 
a school in connection with his missionary work in 
Rome, Italy. Mr. Stackpole is to take charge of 
the theological department. 

'78. — D. H. Pelch, Esq., has taken his abode iu 
Cheney, Washington Territory. 

'80. — Dr. W. R. Collins is located at Spokane 
Falls, Washington Territory. 

'80.— Rev. Thomas F. Jones, the newly ap- 
poincd pastor of the Methodist church in Augusta, 
is the sou of Rev. W. S. Jones, Presiding Elder of 
the Portland District, and is some 35 years of age. 
He received an education at the Maine Wcsleyan 
Seminary and Bowdoin College, and after studying 
for the ministry was admitted to the Maine Confer- 
ence in 1881. He has held successful pastorates at 
Bowdoinham in 1881-2, at Gorham iu 1883-4, 
Berwick, 1885-6, and Winthrop, 1887-8. 

'80.— The many friends of Mr. n. B. Wilson will 
be glad to hoar that he has entirely recovered from 
his recent serious illness, and is now in business in 
Utsilhltldy, Washington Territory. 

'81. -Rev. C. E. Harding, rector of the Church 
of the Holy Evangelists, in Canton, a part of Balti- 
more, has begun the creation of a mission house 
fund for the benefit of the working men in that 
growing portion of the city. 

'81.— John W. Wilson is cashier of the First Na- 
tional Bank, Redlands, California. 

'82.— Hon. D. J. McGillicuddy, of Levviston, has 
been invited by Gen. Stevenson to deliver the Me- 
morial Day address at the National Soldiers' Home 
at Togus. 


Military Bowdoin Men.— Wo cut the following 
from one of our exchange papers : " No less than 
four of the Governor's Staff claim Bowdoin as their 
Alma Mater. They are Col. E. J. Cram, '73, Col. 
Geo. L. Thompson, '77, Col. D. A. Robinson, '73, 
and Col. Stanley Plummet-, '67. It is certainly a fact 
that Bowdoin has sons in all the higher walks of 
life, and in this respect, size considered, stands 
easily foremost among the colleges of the country." 


Psi Upsilon Fraternity, Kappa Chapter, ) 
Bowdoin College, May 10, 1889. <, 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Father to 
remove from our midst a beloved brother : 

Resolved, That by the death of Brother Thomas 
Tash, of the class of '42, and a founder of this 
Chapter, the Fraternity has lost an upright and 
honorable member ; 

That we tender to the relatives and friends of 
the deceased our heart-felt sympathy ; 

That copies of these resolutions be sent to the 
family of our departed brother, to the several 
chapters of our Fraternity, and to the press for 

C. H. Fogg, '89, 
P. W. Brooks, '90, 
R. W. Mann, '92, 

For the Chapter. 

He took her fancy when he came! 
Ho took tier hand, he took a kiss; 
He took no notice of the shame 
That glowed her happy cheek at this. 
He took to coining afternoons, 
He took an oath he'd ne'er deceive; 
He took her father's silver spoons, 
And after that lie took his leave.— Ex. 

Cornell's new library will cost $250,000. 

A German University has conferred the title of 
Doctor of Divinity on Prince Bismarck. 

Michigan University has now more students than 
any other American institution of learning. 

Over one hundred and sixty women matricu- 
lated at a Philadelphia woman's medical college 
last year. They represented nearly every nation 



on the earth, some being from China, and others 
from Australia, while there were two or more from 
every State in the Union. — Ex. 

Of the 315 students that entered Harvard last 
year, only 26 were familiar with the Greek lan- 

There arc three hundred students studying at 
German universities with the special purpose of 
adopting Christian mission work among the Jews. 

The Argentine Republic has two government 
universities which rank with Yale and Harvard in 
curriculum and standard of education. 

Senator Stanford hopes to open next year the 
great uuiversity founded in memory of his son. 

Ex-President Whito of Cornell, who is at present 
traveling in Egypt, recently sent a valuable collec- 
tion of antiquities to Cornell. 

Yale will row Harvard, June 28tb, and the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, June 21st. The Freshman 
crows from the latter colleges will meet June 25th. 

Columbia has decided to put no nine in the 
field this year. 

A university in honor of the late President 
Garfield is to be established in Wichita, Kansas, 
and Mrs. Garfield has given $10,000 towards the 
enterprise.- The Acadia Athenaeum. 

If the lesson is bard and you know you're up next, 

And think you know nothing about it, 
Will you not look ahead a few lines in the text? 

Well maybe you won't— but I doubt it. 

If some day a difficult word is found, and 

There's a mystery hanging about it, 
If it's cribbed in your book, won't you hold up your hand ? 

Well, maybe you won't — hut I doubt it. 

If by measures like these a high mark you should take 
And your grade would bo lowered without it, 

Will you tell the professor it's all a mistake? 
Well, maylic you will — but I doubt it.— JJrunoiiian. 

Ill Michigan University a larger proportion of 
women than of men arc taking the full classical 
course.— Ex. 

The present Yale Freshman crew is the heaviest 
Freshman crew Yale ever had. The average weight 
is 107 pounds. 

Presidents Eliot, Dwight and Patton were pall- 
bearers at the funeral services of President Barnard 
last Thursday. 

Ex-Gov. Pillsbury recently gave $150,000 for 
the maintenance of the Minnesota University. 

Fisk University at Nashville, Tenu., has just 
completed a new gymnasium, the only one for col- 
ored people in the world.— Ex. 

A Japanese student at Lafayette has' been 
elected president of the Sophomore class. 

The students at Lehigh have decided to wear 
the cap and gown regularly on Sundays. — Ex. 

The Yale Freshmen, while rowing the '86 boat on 
the harbor, May 4th, were swamped by a swell, and 
the shell broken in two. 

Professor C. H. F. Peters, of Hamilton College, 
and Charles A. Borst, of Johns Hopkins, are in liti- 
gation over the ownership of a catalogue of 35,000 
stars. This is the largest that has ever been made. 

A number of professors from German, French, 
and English universities have agreed to occupy 
chairs at the new Washington University. 

Quincy A. Shaw, Jr., the Harvard tennis player, 
expects to make a trip to the English championship 
meetings to be held in June. 

One hundred years ago Harvard had 153 stu- 
dents, Dartmouth 131, and Yale J 15, while each of 
the other half dozen colleges in the country had 
less than a hundred. 

Yale's new library will bo ready for the recep- 
tion of books some time during the present summer. 
The reading-room will contain seats for ninety stu- 
dents, and wall space for 4,000 volumes of books of 
reference. In its western wall will be placed a 
memorial window, said to bo the finest work of its 
kind in the country. 


We were seated in the hammock; 
It was some time after dark ; 
And the silences grew longer 
After each subduod remark. 

With her head upon my shoulder, 
And my arms about her close, 
Soon I whispered, growing holder, 
" Do you love mo, darling Rose?" 

Were her accents low, to equal 
All my heart had dared to hope? 
Ah! I nover knew the sequel, 
For her brother cut the rope!— Tech. 

A sleeper is one who sleeps. A sleeper is that 
in which the sleeper sleeps. A sleeper is that on 
which the sleeper runs while the sleeper sleeps. 
Therefore, while tlio sleeper sleeps in the sleeper, 
the sleeper carries the sleeper over the sleeper 
under the sleeper until the sleeper which carries 



the sleeper jumps the sleeper and wakes the sleeper 
in the sleeper hy striking the sleeper under the 
sleeper on the sleeper, and there is no longer any 
sleeper sleeping in the sleeper on the sleeper. — Bos- 
ton Journal of Commerce. 

The Billings Library, built for the University of 
Vermont by the Hon. Frederick Billings, and already 
considered one of the six finest college library 
buildings in the country, is to receive an additional 
wing by the benevolence of the same patron of the 

The Cornell students are making an effort to es- 
tablish a co-operative store. 

Eight million dollars is said to have been col- 
lected for the new Catholic University at Wash- 
ington. — Ex. 

The largest college in the world is that at Cairo, 
Egypt, with 300 professors and 10,000 Mahometan 

The number of books in the Libraries of the 
principal colleges throughout the country foots up to 
something like 2,500,000. Harvard leads with a 
Library of 340,000 volumes. — Ex. 

I thought that I had won her heart, 

That she was mine alone; 
No more would rivals rouse my fears; 

Henceforth her love I'd own. 

For she had asked in tender tones, 

In which true love-sighs were, 
If I my latest photograph 

Would kindly give to her. 

Deceitful wretch ! She gave it to 
The maid who cleans the halls, 
But first she wrote upon the back: 
" I'm out when this one calls." — Yalu Uncord. 

The late president of Columbia College received 
a larger salary than any other college president in the 

$100,000 is being raised to endow a chair of pro- 
tection at Yale, through which the free-trade teach- 
ings of Professor William G. Sumner are to be com- 

Harvard's Library was increased by 16,000 last 

The largest library in the world contains two 
million volumes. It is the Imperial Library at 

University of Virginia: Students are allowed to 
bring their dogs into the class-room but the pro- 
fessors draw the line on horses." — Ex. 

A college is a see-saw ; at one end, the faculty, 
at the other, the students ; should one desert the other, 
action is abortive.. — Ex. 

The Dartmouth nine have had a padded frame 
built, upon which they practice sliding bases. 

Harvard gave its first degree of LL.D. to (ieorge 

Fifty per cent, of Madison's graduating class are 
students for the ministry, 

Over $81,000 has been subscribed by Williams 
alumni for the erection of a memorial building in 
honor of the late Dr. Mark Hopkins. — Ex. 


The Bugle. Published by the Junior Class of Bowdoin 
College. Vol. XL., 1889. ltiO pp. 

College annuals are tending more and more to 
the elaborate. The time when a pamphlet of a 
dozen pages was considered good enough has 
passed. This year's issues have been more than 
usually fine, regarded both as works of art and as 
literary productions. In these respects the present 
volume compares very favorably with any that we 
have seen. Much of the poetry possesses real 
merit, something that we rarely find in a publica- 
tion of this kind, and many of the engravings are 
of a high order. The book is printed in green ink 
on heavy tinted paper, and neatly bound in light 
green covers. Its whole make-up is a credit to the 


The first number of the Bugle was published 
in July, J 858. Its editors wore Isaac Adams, 
Stephen J. Young, Edward B. Nealley, Jacob H. 
Thompson, and Samuel Fesscnden. It was a small 
four-paged paper, only three columns of which 
were devoted to editorial matter; the rest was 
taken up by the secret societies, the college and 
class officers, college awards, Commencement pro- 
gram, with the appointments, literary societies and 
various clubs of the mushroom order. In November 
of the same year the second number was published, 
and for every year following, up to 1871 two num- 
bers were issued. The Bugle retained its original 
form till 1 807, when it appeared in the form of a pam- 
phlet. Thereafter its growth was so rapid that 
from 1871 its increased size rendered it expedient 
to publish but one number a year. 



Union Depot, Portland, 

M. C. Cafe\ Brunswick, 


M. C. Cafe, Bangor. 

The Union Depot Cafe is the most elegantly appointed place of its kind in 

America, and we are prepared to do first-class catering, not to be 

excelled by any one in New England. 

Also, our Cafe at Brunswick offers Special Rates to Students and Clubs. 


All business transactions please refer to the Proprietors, 



On and after April 28, 1SS9, 

Passenger Trains Leave Brunswick 

For BOSTON, 7.43, 11.30 a.m., 4.25, 4.48 p.m., 12.35 (night). 
Eatii, 7.45, 11.30 a.m., 2.30, 4.50, and 6.15 p.m. 
Kockland, 7.45 a.m., 2.30 p.m. 

Lewiston, 7.45, 11.32 a.m., 2.30, 0.15 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Farmington, 2.30 p.m. 

Augusta, 7.48, 11.35 a.m., 2.32, 6.15 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Waterville, 7.48, 11.35 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Belfast and Dexter, 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Skowhegan, 7.4S a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Bangor, 11.35 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 1240 (night). 
Ellsworth, 11.30 a.m., 2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 
Bar Harbor. St. Johns, Calais, and Akoostook Co.. 
2.32 p.m., 12.40 (night). 


Pass, and Ticket Agt., General Manager. 

Portland, Me. 

J. W. & O. R. PENNELL, 

Have a Fine Line of 


Neckwear a Specialty. 
J. W. & O. R. PENNELL, Brunswick, Me. 

$75.™ to $250.° ° fl W0NTH caube uiacle workin « for us - 

Agents preferred who can furnish a 
horse and give their whole time to the business. Sparc moments 
may be profitably employed also. A few vacancies in towns 
and cities. 

Ti. F. JOHNSON & CO., 

1009 Main St., RICHMOND, VA. 
N. B. — Please state <uj<- cmd business experience. Never mind 
about sending stamp for reply, li. J<\ J. & Co. 




Tobacco and Cigars a Specialty. 
Main Street BRUNSWICK, ME. 


8 Principals, 11 Assistants, and a number for Music, 
also Art and Specialties. 

Send stamp for application form and circulars of infor- 
mation to 

National School Supply Bureau, 

Mention this paper. CHICAGO, ILL. 



Correct styles and materials for University ami College use. 

These gowns add grace and fullness to speaker's form. 

Pricks, $15 to $25, according to material. .Special 
prices for large numbers to classes. For measurement, send 
height, width of shoulders, size of neck, length of sleeve. 



32 to 44 North Street, 



Vol. XIX. 


No. 4. 

B O W I ) O I -NT OEI E N T. 




George B. Chandler, 

'90, Managing Editor. 

F. J. Allen, '90, 

Husiness Editor. 

George W. Blanchard, '90. 

T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. 

E. H. Newbegin, '91. 


^S : 

Per annum, in advance, 


Extra copies can be obtained at tlie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances shoubl be made to tbe Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Manauinu' Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at t'l: ?j3t-DB3j at Brunswick as SeconJ-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XIX., No. 4.— June 12, 1889. 

Editorial Notes, 4:5 

Of Gall, 4(i 

'89's Senior Supper, 47 

Ivy Oration 48 

Ivy Poem, 50 

Field Day : 

Field-Day Tournament, 52 

Boat Races, 53. 

Awarding Field-Day Prizes, 54 

Ivy Day : 

In Memorial Hall, 55 

Planting the Ivy 58 

Seniors' Last Chapel 58 

Ivy Hop, ~ . 59 

Base-Ball, • 60 

Book Reviews, 61 

Collegii Tabula, 63 

Personal, 65 

College World, 66 

By far the pleasantest of all our col- 
lege customs is Ivy Da} r . It finds the campus 
in the rich bloom of early June, the students 
all iu college, base-ball and athletics at their 
height, the Seniors just through with their 
final examinations, and everybody wearing a 
smiling face and full of good-cheer. It is 
the very out-blossoming of all that is genial 
and attractive in college life. It brings the 
thoughtful mother, the kind aunt, and the 
coy sister, and — anon, the petite form, win- 
some face, and kindly inquiring eyes of some 
other fellow's sister. Its exercises are a 
happy, unconventional overflow of college 
wit and college wisdom, and are followed by 
that most fascinating and almost pathetic of 
exercises, the " Seniors' Last Chapel." Long 
may the emblematic vine clamber on the 
walls of old Bowdoin ! 

The class of '90 would indeed be exact- 
ing to demand a fairer Providence than that 
which smiled on the day of the above-men- 
tioned exercises. The sky was cloudless and 
the temperature perfect. As we do not 
recollect ever having heard any school or 
college comment on such exercises that did 
not pronounce them the "best yet," we will 
spare our readers the sickly formula. Suf- 
fice it to say that '90 glided harmoniously 



and honorably through the day without a 
single break, and the festivities were crowned 
with a grand and successful hop, which sent 
every one homeward aglow with satisfaction. 

The oration, which will be found in this 
issue, deals with a living and vital issue in a 
practical and liberal manner. It makes no 
unseemly attacks on any creed. After briefly 
referring to the importance of the subject, 
Mr. Freeman proceeds to show that the 
question of " Religion in Our Public School " 
is neither a religious nor an educational, 
but a national one. He shows how the 
standard of religious training has been grad- 
ually deteriorating, and gives, as one of 
the causes, the vast influx of foreign im- 
migration. After stating the axiom that a 
nation's life must have some religious spirit, 
he pertinently asks the question whether the 
State, as such, can make any public recogni- 
tion of its God, the answer to which can be 
readily inferred. He shows that the children 
are the foundation of the future nation and 
that religion they must have. He claims 
that the public school is the natural and ideal 
place for its instruction, but that at the pres- 
ent stage of our national development it can- 
not be done on account of the strict line be- 
tween the two great creeds of Christianity. 
His conclusions are that, since the church 
and home cannot do it all, the best expedient 
is a day-school class under the supervision of 
unbigoted workers, supplemented by the 
reading of healthy books. 

The poem by Mr. Allen is narrative in 
its nature, with no trite maxim as a wind-up. 
He has made a welcome innovation in trans- 
ferring his scene from the realms of fair 
Spain, historic Rome, or ancient Greece, to 
our own hemisphere, which certainly pos- 
sesses ample poetic nutriment. The partic- 
ular locality and time chosen is that scene of 
carnage and romance in which Pizarro over- 
came the ancient Incas. With a happy touch- 
ing of love and chivalry he leads the youthful 

recreants over Andean height and Amazo- 
nian plain to a pathetic tomb in tropic wilds. 
The presentations passed off in a natural, 
easy manner, and were seasoned with fre- 
quent thrusts of humor. That of Mr. Moody, 
the Social Man, fairly sparkled with genuine 

The Ivy issue finds base-ball enthusiasm 
at a low ebb. We are out of the race for 
the pennant, and the only thing now left, is 
for us to keep as near the top as possible. 
After the last Colby victory our prospects 
were bright; Hilton was pitching great ball 
and apparently in good condition. Our cir- 
cumstances were such that success depended 
on the right arm of this one man. If that 
failed, the pennant was lost; if it held out, 
it was won. The arm gave out and Bow- 
doin is again "in the conmmmir He will be 
unable to play again this season. 

Bates is without doubt the winner, and 
as such deserves our best congratulations. 
She has won her honors in the face of an 
adverse fortune. Her best pitcher and most 
valuable in-fielder have been in succession 
laid up by accident and over-training. 

The second position lies between Bow- 
doin and the Maine State College. 

We think, however, that our league com- 
petitors will in fairness admit that, barring 
Hilton's disability, we had unquestionably 
the strongest team in the league. But such 
is base-ball. 

The Field-Day contests were less inter- 
esting than usual, owing to the lack of com- 
petitors from the two upper classes. The 
two such contests which we have been able 
to attend seem to be open to a criticism which 
may as well be stated now as any other time. 
It is the slow dragging manner in which 
they are conducted. Judging from the list- 
less expression of some of the spectators the 
exercises as a whole, for the past two years, 



at least, were an unmitigated bore. We 
students, who are all aflame with class spirit, 
forget how tame they must appear to an un- 
interested outsider. The only proper way is 
to have everything in perfect readiness, 
every spectator away from the track, some 
competent Freshman " supes " appointed, and 
thus have everything pass off with the ra- 
pidity of the annual athletic exhibition at 
Town Hall. This is no airy theory. It can 
be done ; it ought to be done. 

The manner in which the exercises have 
been allowed to drag along for the past 
two, and, we presume, all the previous 
years, is a disgrace to the college. Not a 
team or a spectator should be allowed be- 
tween the grandstand and the course. It is 
to be hoped that the class of '91, with their 
characteristic spirit, will make a radical 
change, that all the classes will make an 
agreement to enter into no combinations, and 
that the }'ear 1890 will witness the grandest 
athletic contests Bowdoin has ever held. 

It seems impossible for President Bart- 
lett, even during his California sojourn to 
resign the hot-bed of unpopularity which he 
has so successfully stirred up. His latest 
eruption is the article in the Independent on 
" College Outrages," in which he character- 
izes the natural and, oftentimes, commend- 
able spirit which deters students from turn- 
ing college evidence against their fellows as 
a " tyrannical code," and arraigns it as a 
" combination against law and order." His 
fallacy lies in assuming an exact analogy 
between state and college law. The one is 
absolute and arbitrary, and is framed for a 
heterogenous public, embracing every class 
of society down to the lowest criminal, and 
in its catagory are included all crimes even 
to the very basest. The other is a mere 
variable expedient, and is framed for an ag- 
gregation of young men mostly of high 
ideals and good character, and the offenses 

which come under its jurisdiction are of ne- 
cessity those of a minor nature ; for if, as 
may sometimes happen, anything criminal is 
committed by a college student, he is amen- 
able to state law like any other citizen, 
thus exempting President Bartlett or any one 
else from interference. Hence any attempt 
to apply the same stringent methods to each, 
drifts into an obvious inconsistency by en- 
countering the proud spirit and close friend- 
ships which are marked characteristics of col- 
lege life. The offenses are largely those of 
habit rather than specific acts. Young men 
object to being summoned before an impro- 
vised bar to swear away the characters of 
their friends as in a common criminal action, 
and it is a significant fact that this objection 
is by no means peculiar to college men, but 
is instinctive in all schools even down to 
the very primary -school children. It is also 
significant that no student of true manly 
character ever resorts to the tattling system. 
President Bartlett in his frosty old age has 
undertaken an unequal and hopeless conflict 
with a principle of human nature, and neither 
he nor the Y. M. C. A., which he unjustly 
criticises, will ever make college men "blow" 
on their chums. 

The recent suspensions by the Faculty of 
Colby University, if viewed in the light of 
the information at our command, are absurd 
and uncalled for, and out of harmony with 
the more advanced methods of college dis- 
cipline. It seems to be pretty well estab- 
lished by all past experience that students 
at the college age have not yet acquired a 
self-poise sufficient to warrant absolute free- 
dom. Consequently, college faculties still 
claim the right and duty of restricting per- 
sonal action, under certain circumstances. 
At the same time, however, all our best in- 
stitutions agree in giving that wider latitude 
by which alone students can, by self-devel- 
opment, attain tl\e strongest type of charac- 



ter. They recognize that the perpetuation 
in college of fitting-school discipline either 
makes machines of the students or drives them 
to the other extreme of dessoluteness ; for 
any lark which has to be conducted under 
the cover of deceit possesses a certain fasci- 
nation which is sure to lure its perpetrators 
on to greater extremes and at the same time 
foster an underhandedness of character which 
is extremely dangerous at the plastic college 
age. In view of this, they let pass unnoticed 
those petty offenses and annoying customs 
which violate no important principle. Col- 
lege students are like a hive of bees, and 
except in very culpable cases, the better way 
is to let them alone, for the more you stir 
them up the worse they will act. 

Now we claim that the cause of the sus- 
pensions at Colby was not one of those " very 
culpable cases," and the gross exaggerations 
and misrepresentations to which our sister in- 
stitution has been subjected, shows that the 
bees have been " stirred up," and that the 
re-action is mightily more disastrous than 
the action. Granted that it would be rather 
difficult to find any manual of etiquette that 
would uphold a young man in turning a 
tempting hose on the boudoir of a tempting 
" co-ed," and granted that in the excitement 
of the moment the perpetrators carried the 
joke beyond the limits of their more sober 
judgment, and that in the fracas the fair 
pedants enjoyed an unexpected shower-bath 
before retiring, is it any reason that a vener- 
able Faculty should take the matter up and 
submit the participants to the mortification 
of suspension? Did cold water ever harm 
anybody? Hardly. If the Colby "co-eds" 
are too divinely good to take a harmless joke 
without making a fuss about it, they would 
better go to Wellesley or some other Tenny- 
sonian realm, where, sheltered safe in the 
fold of their strong-minded constituents, they 
will be forever safe from us great, horrid 
things. Is this one of (.lie fruits of our higher 

education of women, that its recipients run 
about tattling like school-children ? It looks 
as though it might be a good thing, if, with 
their vaunted college honors they would 
sandwich in a little good horse-sense. But 
let them drop ; we are not surprised ; it is a 
natural outcome of co-education. The action 
of the Faculty, however, is undignified, if 
not ludicrous. It reminds us of those good 
old days when, in the little yellow school- 
house, we used to vibrate daily to the swing 
of the proverbial shingle. It savors of " pet- 
ticoat government." 


[An unpublished essay of Lord Bacon, from manuscripts recently 
discovered, published by permission of the British Museum.] 

All Gall is divided into three parts, Chin, 
Cheek, and Brass. Sometimes they exist 
separately and sometimes in combination in 
the same person, and the more they be in 
one person, so much the more he becometh 
unendurable unto his fellow-men. 

That aspect or division of Gall which is 
called Chin availeth well at times, but he 
who useth it much, as a book canvasser, is 
speedily discovered by men, as the expres- 
sion goeth, "They be on to him," and in time 
it profiteth him nothing. Often the student 
who is not so wise as he seemeth to be, or 
who have not mastered his task, tryeth, by 
evasive or delusive speach, to convince the 
teacher that he knoweth it all, but the wise 
teacher soon discovereth the deceit, and the 
student's position is only the more base. 
Such pernicious practice hath been fitly 
named "Chinning for Rank." 

The second division, Cheek, being of like 
nature with the former, and closely akin to 
the latter, strongly resembleth both. It is 
that which imposeth upon one's fellow-men, 
not so much in word as in act. It bliudeth 
the eyes of discretion, and so leadeth its pos- 
sessor into places whither he would not, if 
he was not possessed of its hatefull power. 



It encourageth to deeds of oppression, that 
is, the taking advantage of those who would 
not, and do not return the same, to deeds of 
discourtisy oftimes; and is oft displayed in 
that selfishness which demandeth its own, 
regardless of the interests or wishes of 

Brass is that which deadeneth the mind 
to a sense of shame at its own unworthy 
acts. It resembleth shamelessness, and is a 
sort of iron-clad covering for the depraved 
soul, upon which the rebukes and admoni- 
tions of the world make but little impression. 

In short, all three of these debasing qual- 
ities which are included under the general 
head of Gall, are born of pride, arrogance, 
and self-will, and can best be remedied and 
corrected in the youth by the association 
with other youths, as in college life and in 
persons in general, by contact with the un- 
feeling world at large. And certainly this 
is as it should be, for as Caesar hath most 
facetiously said, when Brutus sat upon his 
neck after having stabbed him seven times, 
"Sic sender tyrannts." 


Tuesday afternoon, June 4th, the class 
of '89 finished wrestling with trap dike and 
the other paleozoic specimens of the examina- 
tion room, and having successfully slaugh- 
tered them for the last time, became non 
diutius collegians, sed yaggeres. They deter- 
mined to celebrate their newly acquired 
freedom by a supper in the evening, and 
accordingly, nine o'clock found them at the 
Tontine Hotel, armed to the teeth. 

For a while the3 r sang on the veranda, 
but at length the line of march for the dining- 
room was taken up. Thirty-seven seated 
themselves at the long table, only two, Adams 
and F. C. Russell, unavoidably out of town, 
being absent. Grace was said by Chaplain 
C. F. Hersey, and then the boys proceeded 

to do justice to the supper — a rich one 
served in great style. 

Mine host Spear made ample provision 
for the Seniors' comfort, and to the slightest 
detail every arrangement was entirely satis- 
factory. Happiness reigned supreme. After 
two hours or so of terrific gastronomic 
demonstration, " the wit and wisdom of the 
intellectual feast floated forth with the smoke 
of the post-prandial cigarros." Mr. Frank 
L. Staples, of Benton, was Magister Bibendi. 
He opened with a well-turned speech, and 
introduced the speakers in his most felicitous 
manner. The toasts were responded to as 

The Wide, Wide World. 

Wm. M. Emery, New Bedford, Mass. 
'89's Turkey Supper. 

Lincoln J. Bodge, South Windham. 
The Faculty. James L. Doherty, Houlton. 

'89 in Athletics. San ford L. Fogg, South Paris. 

The Girls of '89. Bernard C. Carroll, Levviston. 

'89 in College Interests. Geo. T. Files, Portland. 

The Town of Brunswick. Daniel E. Owen, Saco. 

Old Bowdoin. John R. Clark, New Portland. 

The Class of '89. F. J. Libby, Auburn. 

The list and the responses themselves were 
none too long, and were all listened to with de- 
light as eloquence and scintillant wit alter- 
nated with each otherin rapid succession. We 
should transgress the sacred privacy of a 
family at their evening meal to divulge what 
'89's orators said around that table, but we 
might intimate that one of the most timely 
hits of the occasion was Mr. Owen's: "The 
town, as cities of old, is now ruled over by a 
despot, but modern civilization gives his 
name a more euphonious pronunciation, d la 

A brief meeting was held in the Tontine 
parlor, where the Marshal, Mr. Lynam, was 
appointed a committee to take charge of the 
matter of a class cup, and Mr. Emery was 
elected permanent secretary and compiler of 
the class record. After a few hours of song 
and other nocturnal festivities, adjournment 



was made to the campus, where each end 
was visited, and such a jollification indulged 
in as carried every man back to his Sopho- 
more year. As the sun began to come up 
through the morning mists they separated, 
and doubtless to many a mind occurred the 

verse : 

" Labor and care are o'er, 
Bell signal now no more 

Measures our day ; 
Silent the floors we've paced, 
Problem and form eraced, — 
From head and heart effaced 

Ever away." 


By George F. Freeman. 

The subject on which lam going to speak 
this afternoon is one in which we are all 
deeply and deservedly interested. The ques- 
tion of the religious foundation of American 
society goes down to the depths of our public 
and private life, and in it I think the educa- 
tional bearing is the most important. This 
subject all true American citizens should 
fully comprehend, and on it our leaders of 
American opinion should think profoundly 
and speak soberly, namely, " Religious In- 
struction in the Public Schools." 

This question has long ceased to be purely 
a religious or an educational one, but is a 
national one and is equally important as the 
questions of civil liberty; for it not only in- 
cludes our duty to our nation and our fellow- 
man, but also more fully our duty to our 
God. A hundred years ago this question 
was a comparatively simple one. In most 
of the states the Christian religion explicitly, 
and the Christian church impliedly was rec- 
ognized, and the people possessing substan- 
tially a common faith desired to have their 
children educated in that faith. At the 
foundation of the government, however, 
there was a principle still nearer the hearts 
of the people, and that was not so much the 

abolition of hereditary government, not so 
much the obtaining of universal suffrage as 
perfect freedom to worship God. Then the 
immense majority of the people raised the 
cry with one voice, that there should be no 
connection between state and church, that 
is, no state religion. Since then the popula- 
tion has become heterogeneous and the faiths 
diverse. On the ground of religious freedom, 
religious instruction has practically been ex- 
cluded from the schools, and from a state 
without a church we have really passed to a 
state without religion. The powerful hie- 
rarchy which obtained this, now demand the 
abolition of the schools themselves, alleging 
as a reason that the absence of religion 
renders the instruction Godless. Thus it is 
obvious, adopt what course we may there will 
still be a dissatisfied element. 

The importance of this question has not 
been fully realized until it was recently 
brought forcibly to our minds in the contro- 
versy over parochial schools. On it more 
than any other question there seems to have 
been an utter confusion of thought, and it 
has been discussed under many false issues. 
Underneath this plea for conscience and this 
veil of a petty wrangle about children's text- 
books, lies the fundamental question : Can 
our state, through any of its public institu- 
tions, make any public acknowledgment of 
God to mankind? This means a moral crisis 
which goes deeper than the question of lib- 
erty and union which formerly convulsed 
our people, and we must look at its true 

We are all agreed that our national life 
needs religion pure and undefiled to sustain 
it. For at the same time history proves 
what an abuse state religions have been, it 
also proves that all successful governments 
have been founded on some faith above itself, 
a power above that of the majority. As 
Plutarch well says: "If you travel through 
the world well, you may find cities without 



walls, without literature, without kings, 
moneyless and such as desire no coin ; which 
know not what theatres and public halls of 
bodily exercise mean ; but never was there 
nor never shall there be any one city with- 
out temple, church, or chapel. Nay, me- 
thinks a man should sooner find a city built 
in air, without any plot of ground whereon 
it is seated, than that any commonwealth 
void of religion should either be first estab- 
lished or afterward maintained in that estate. 
This is that which containeth and holdeth 
together all human society ; this is the foun- 
dation stay and prop of all." The religion 
the nation needs is the faith in God on a 
basis of which the individuals shall build 
their morals ; this is the only basis that en- 
sures freedom from corruption, and freedom 
from corruption is the only thing that will 
perpetuate our nation. Good moral men are 
needed, and mere education without religion 
will not make them, they must build on a 
firmer basis. Our hope lies in the children, 
and thus it is natural that the public school 
with its eight million scholars is first looked 
as a means of reaching them. 

Whatever has entered into the life of the 
school enters into the life of the nation, 
neither is there any time in the life of man 
more fitted for instilling right principles 
than the period of school education, nor any 
place where these principles can be more 
firmly fixed than in the school-house. Simple 
Christian principle could be taught without 
violating any creed or the spirit of the con- 
stitution, and should be demanded in the 
name of patriotism if not of Christianity. 
We should aim to raise up the character of 
the masses, and on what other foundation 
can it be than the laws of justice and right- 
eousness in the Bible? And as Jesus Christ 
lifted up his teachings above the races, sects, 
and nations of mankind, so we have recog- 
nized no particular creed, but American in- 
stitutions have been founded on this absolute 

religion. With this religion our greatness 
has developed, on this corner-stone was 
builded the temple of national liberties. 
Why, then, cannot the schools recognize this 
religion ? There is only one plausible an- 
swer, and that is that the sects will not come 
to an agreement. They all agree that re- 
ligion should be taught, but when the ques- 
tion comes, "What shall be taught?" we 
can go ho further. 

There is hope for a common agreement 
between the different sects of the Protest- 
ant religion. But between the Catholics 
and Protestants, I question whether there 
could be now, or ever can be, any agreement 
arrived at conducive to the welfare of the 
country. Although the abolition of religious 
instruction in the schools is without prece- 
dent among great nations in history, still 
there never was a country where there was 
perfect religious freedom and such an equally 
divided number of the two great faiths. The 
fact that European immigration has thus 
practically driven from the schools the ele- 
ments constituting the life-blood of Ameri- 
can society, taken from them the Bible and 
threatened their very existence is painful, yet 
true. And though the religion is taken away, 
still it must not die out in our nation, neither 
should our public schools be abolished. Of 
the meeting of these two dangers I will now 

The parochial school, supported by a 
division of school funds, is proposed as a 
means of giving the religious instruction. 
This would give sectarian religion also broad 
divisions, and what we strive for is unity. 
It is a system foreign to American ideas, and 
one which, I think, will never be tolerated. 
Deep as is the desire to have religious in- 
struction, still deeper is the desire to have 
public schools, and certainly the public and 
parochial school cannot be co-existent. 

Moreover, we know that however much 
I of a failure the public school system may be 



called, it is singularly efficient in lessening 
religious hatreds, and that it has done more 
than any other institution towards assimilat- 
ing our foreign population. Its failures can 
be remedied, and if ever we needed its as- 
similating power it is now. 

The public school is the one place where all 
children could be reached, but there is still 
the church with its workers, the home with 
its mothers, and what is comparatively a new 
method, in our country, day classes in relig- 
ious instruction. The church and home do 
their work, but it is recognized as not suffi- 
cient in all cases, and what is clamored for 
is a religious teaching in a mild form suita- 
ble to the needs of all classes of citizens. 
This has not yet been found, but in one of 
our New England cities a woman bent on 
the realization of a grand idea recently in- 
stituted a Monday class in religious instruc- 
tion and demonstrated to us that such a 
method could be successful. In cities at 
least, where the children can conveniently 
assemble in one place, she has shown it pos- 
sible to interest three hundred boj's and girls 
of all sects, week after week, and that the 
interest is without extraneous- attractions. 
These children were those in attendance 
upon the public schools, and besides the sim- 
ple instruction in the Bible they receive such 
moral and social influence as can be obtained 
from the reading of healthy books. As it is 
now, the highest motives to moral living 
cannot be taught in the public school be- 
cause of the present divergence of opinion 
as to what is the ultimate law, and who the 
sole arbiter and interpreter of the truth. 
The people have missed the religious in- 
struction, and this experimental method 
seems the only way at present of supplying 
the need. In this case the work is not under 
supervision of the State, but of devout and 
earnest workers. 

On this the success of the system depends, 
and too much stress cannot be laid upon the 

need of workers of this kind. It cannot 
accomplish all that religious instruction in 
the public schools would, but it is the best 
substitute for it, and also could take the place 
of parochial schools. This scheme, which, if it 
be but a stepping-stone at present, seems the 
best and claims our hearty, earnest support. 
This need of our country should occupy 
a prominent position in every patriotic mind. 
If we are to be a nation of good moral citi- 
zens, we should see that the children are 
rooted and grounded in that which is the 
essence of character. We should forget 
creed and dogma in the all-embracing Chris- 
tian principle, and thus serve best what is 
dearest to all hearts, " Our Country." 



By F. J. Allen. 


In that wild and trackless forest, by the mighty 

Virgin to the English trader, virgin to the Saxon 

In that solitude unbroken, unremembered, unbe- 

Side by side in tropic mantle stand two modest 
funeral stones ; 

And the dust, beneath their foundings, now so many 
centuries old, 

Once contained the warmth and lustre of two ardent, 
throbbing souls. 

It was when the grasping Spaniard crossed the wild 
and foaming main. 

Bent upon a wider conquest and a cursed love of 

When the superstitious Incas, credulous, half-civ- 

Fell the prey to subtle intrigue, lost the land they 
long had prized. 

There had been a world of fighting, subtle craft, and 

weltering gore 
Ranging through the olden by-ways and along the 

dotted shore. 



There had been the cries for mercy, shrieks of pain, 
howls of rage, 

Till an ancient race was blotted from the sad histo- 
rian's page. 


Ranged within the royal court were haughty chief 

and captive band, 
Child of prince and child of beggar crouching 'neath 

the tyrant's hand. 
There were double-armoured Spaniards, fiercely 

frowning, void of soul, 
Flushed with all the haughty manners that invest 

the victor's bowl. 
Fiercely frowned the grim Pizarro as he gave the 

fatal stroke : 
"I have triumphed, let the hand of execution do its 

Vain were all the cries for mercy and the low and 

plaintive moans, 
Mingling strangely with (he fetters clanking on the 

heartless stones. 
" On the morrow," quoth Pizarro — "louder wails will 

then be heard — 
Thou shalt die, for I have said it; mark ye well the 

stranger's word." 

Lying 'mid the fettered captives, with her head 

bowed low in grief, 
Was the fair and fragile daughter of an ancient Inca 

Standing 'mid the haughty victors, looking sadly at 

the sight, x 
Flushing in his noble anger, stood a stately Spanish 

They had met, these two young natures, met with 

answer and request ; 
Other fancies lightly flitting once had tilled their 

youthful breasts. 
Turned the proud young Roderigo to his cruel Span- 
ish lord, 
With his dark eyes hotly flashing and his hand upon 

his sword : 
" I have served thee well, Pizarro, served with heart 

and served with hand, 
I have borne thy cursed emblems into many a foreign 

But for once, my lord Pizarro, thy command I shall 

Mark ye well, for I have said it; yonder maiden shall 

not die." 


Then within one little moment all were hushed with 
fearful dread, 

Hushed until the storm of fury fell on Roderigo's 

" Sieze him!", yelled the dazed Pizarro, "sieze the 

traitor, for I swear 
By the cross of the Crusader and the powers of earth 

and air, 
That no weak and love-sick stripling ere shall stay 

Pizarro's hand, 
Which has braved the wintry surges and o'ercome 

an unknown land." 

Like a statue Roderigo stood, and uttered not a word ; 
Calmly looked he on his comrades, calmly on his 

Spanish lord. 
Not a hand was raised against him, rave Pizarro as 

he might, 
And, as ever, to his barracks Roderigo went that 



It is midnight, and in sleep are hushed the erewhile 

throbbing breasts, 
And the waning tropic moon is rising o'er the Andes' 

You may hear the sentry's footfall grating on the 

granite floor, 
And the ripple of the brooklet or the torrent's distant 

And, anon, a captive sobbing or a long-drawn, weary 

♦ sigh, 
While o'er all in stately silence hangs the starlit 

southern sky. 


Should you haply cast your glances on the sleeping 

soldier band 
You would see Don Roderigo rising with a steady 

hand ; 
You would see him softly stealing toward the fettered 

captive throng, 
And would hear a bond dissevered by his grasp so 

firm and strong ; 
You would see two forms retreating through the 

ancient Inca hall, 
And, with youthful vigor, bounding o'er the distant 

city wall. 


On the morrow, wild and weirdly did they seek the 
fleeting pair, 

Wild and weirdly did they scurry 'mid the storm- 
cloud's drenching air. 

There were rushings through the hall-way, there 
were surgings to and fro, 



There were hurrying hoof-beats sounding and the 

sentries pacing slow. 
But upon the lofty Andes, far from all the couriers 

Rested these two throbbing bosoms by the streamlet, 

wrapped in sleep. 


Time, the queller of all tumult, stilled the wild and 

eager quest, 
And the band of eastern robbers found in wealth 

their long-sought rest ; 
Reveled in their sordid riches, traveled o'er the 

surging main, 
Found in scenes of rest and pleasure respite from 

their toil aud pain. 


Come with me from scenes of bloodshed o'er the 

grand and towering heights, 
Scale the lofty, rock-ribbed Andes with their strange, 

entrancing sights ; 
Come, descend the wavy bases, enter on the tropic 

And I'll show you Roderigo and the maiden once 

Tropic scenes and tropic silence, tropic sky and 

tropic air, 
Tropic fruit and tropic fancies waft the strange, 

romantic pair. 
Hand in hand they journeyed onward, like the sacred 

primal two 
That from Eden's blushing borders brushed the 

crystal, morning dew. 
Gone the scenes of ancient Cuzco, gone the mountain 

cliff and thorn, 
Conies the rich perennial verdure and the mighty 



Gladly fled the full weeks by them 'mid the fruits of 

tropic clime, 
Wandering through the grand old forests, keeping 

languid, blissful time 
To the sway of breezy branches and the rich and 

dulcet strain 
Of old Nature's dreamy chorus, humming in its 

quaint refrain. 

But that dread and fatal season, scourge of many a 

southern land, 
Sowing fell disease and darkness with a broad and 

lavish hand, 
Creeps upon the happy lovers and invades their 

sacred rest, 

Fills them with a burning fever surging through 
each throbbing breast. 

Exiled there and far from succor, banished from a 
mother's care, 

In a storm of drenching torrents, all alone, they per- 
ished there. 


Call it Fate, or call it Fortune, on the morrow, pass- 
ing by. 

Came a native, vaguely wandering, and there met 
his wondering eye, 

Rigid, white, aud cold and pulseless, with their 
hands-still clasped in death, 

Spanish knight and Inca maiden as they drew the 
farewell breath. 


Something in their sacred pathos roused his dull and 
dormant soul, 

Roused that bond of higher feeling that unites one 
mighty whole ; 

And beneath the sighing branches where they wan- 
dered oftentimes, 

By the grand and kingly river, murmuring on in 
liquid chimes, 

In a grave all closely sheltered, mantled by the touch 
of God, 

With their hands still clasped, he placed them under- 
neath the southern sod. 


Although the usual struggle for class 
supremacy was wanting this year, yet none 
will deny that the Field Day of '89 was a 
decided success. To be sure, there was the 
usual abundance of showers, but the only 
harm they did was to make the track a trifle 
slow on the further side, while they kept it 
free from dust. One -thing was especially 
noticeable — the best of feeling prevailed 
throughout the contests, and there was no 
"kicking" from beginning to end. The fol- 
lowing is the order of exercises : 

1. 100-yards dash. Winner, Packard, '91; rec- 
ord, lOg seconds; second, Hardy, '91. It was very 
close between the first two men, and in the first 
dash Hardy won by several feet, but as Spinney 
fouled Packard just before reaching the line, the race 
had to be run over. Packard lowered the best Bow- 
doin record one-eighth of a second. Spinney, '90, 
came in third. 



2. Throwing hammer. Winner, Hastings, '90, 
65 feet 10 inches; second, Home, '91; third, Tur- 
ner, "JO. 

3. Two-mile run. Brown, '91, whom many 
thought would drop out, made a fine spurt in the 
last quarter, and won with ease; record, 12 min- 
utes 50 seconds. Second, McCullough, "JO; third, 
Poor, '91. 

4. Putting shot. Winner, Parker, '91; second, 
H. H. Hastings, '90; third, Home, '91. 

5. Half-mile run. Sears, '90, won easily, with a 
record of 2 minutes 21i seconds; second, Cilley, '91; 
third, Riley, '91. 

6. Pole vault. Winner, E. Hilton, '91 ; second, 
P. U. Newbegin, '91; third, Rounds, '91. 

7. Standing broad jump. Winner, Ridley, '90; 
second, Fish, '91 ; third, Burleigh, '91. 

8. 220-yards dash. Much interest was felt in 
this contest, which was quite close and exciting. . It 
was won by Hardy in 251 seconds; second, Packard, 
'91; third, E. Hilton, '91. 

9. Running broad jump. Ridley, '90, first ; Fish, 
'91, second; Mahoney, '91, third. Record, 17 feet, 
61 inches. 

10. 440-yards dash. Winner, Hardy, '91 ; Pack- 
ard, '91, second. Time, 58i seconds. 

11. Standing high jump. Winner, Ridley, '90; 
second, Burleigh, '91 ; third, Fish, '91. Record. 4 
feet and three-fourths of an inch. 

12. Three-legged race. Winners, Hardy and 
Croswcll, '91 ; second, Merriman and Bean, '92 ; third. 
Scars and McCullough, '90. In this race Hardy and 
Croswell broke the best Bowdoin record, making the 
remarkable time of 13:} seconds. 

13. One mile run. Winner, Sears, '90; second, 
Parker, '91 ; third, Merriman, '92. 

14. Running high jump. Winner, Ridley, '90; 
second, Fish, '91; third, Mahoney, '91. 

15. Throwing base-ball. George Downcs, '92, 
threw the ball 385 feet and 4 inches. We may well 
consider this the best throw ever made at a Bowdoin 
Field-day, as when Wilson, '89, make his great rec- 
ord he was aided by a very strong wind, and Talbot, 
'87, who also threw on the same day, put the ball 
just two feet less than the celebrated Williams pitcher, 
while the year before he threw the ball only 317 feet. 
Burleigh, '91, was second; and Parker, '91, third. 

10. Hurdle race. Winner, Fish, '91 ; E. Hilton, 
'91, second, and Ridley, '90, third. 

17. Knapsack race. Winners, McCullough and 
Sears, '90, first; Merriman and Bean, '92, second. 

18. Hop, step, and jump. Winner, Ridley, '90 ; 
second, Fish, '91; third, Burleigh, '91. 

A. S. Ridley, '90, bore off the honors in 
jumping, and O. E. Hardy, '91, in the dashes. 
The best class record was made by '91, having 
won 62 points out of 106, and the best indi- 
vidual record by Ridley, '90, who made 
sixteen points and is the happy owner of 
five first prizes. 

Taking everything into consideration, the 
records were better than could have been 
expected. The long distance running was 
made much slower than it would otherwise 
have been by the very poor condition of 
nearly half of the track. Two college rec- 
ords were broken, and that, too, by mem- 
bers of the Sophomore class. The Freshmen 
showed that they have some very good mate- 
rial, and, taking everything into considera- 
tion, we may reasonably expect that our next 
Field Day will be even a better one than we 
have enjoyed this year. 


The outlook on the morning of June 6th 
was anything but favorable, for it gave 
promise of a continuation of the rainy 
weather which had made the first part of the 
week very disagreeable, but it was deter- 
mined to have the race unless the weather 
should absolutely forbid it. Shortly after 
half-past nine the sun appeared, and soon 
people could be seen in almost every direc- 
tion wending their way toward the boat- 
house ; some in carriages gayly decorated 
with class and fraternity colors; some jolly 
parties in barges, and a great many on foot. 
Soon the boat-house and the adjoining bank 
were filled with eager spectators. 

A little after the appointed time the 
Freshman crew came down the platform of 
the boat-house bearing their shell above their 
heads and wearing their fine new uniforms 
of white, edged with crimson, and displaying 
'92 in crimson on their breasts, while from 
their admirers on the shore went up the yell, 
" 'Rah, 'rah, Aoorah, .Sowdoin, 'rah, 'rah, duo 



kai "enenSkonta," which was continued until 
they had pushed off from the float. 

Next came the Sophomore crew in white 
caps, peacock-blue jerseys with '91 on the 
breast, and white trousers. Another yell 
was heard, this time the familiar " 'Rah, 'rah, 
'rah, 'rah, second to none, Eta, Theta, Kappa, 
Lambda Bowdoin,'91." The Sophomore crew 
were in fine form, and showed a marked im- 
provement over last year. 

Both crews rowed leisurely clown the 
river to the usual starting place, while the 
crowd on the bank was impatiently waiting 
for the signal. Both started at the same 
time on a pistol shot by D. M. Cole, who 
acted as starter, and for a few strokes kept 
even, then the '91 crew by a hard spurt 
cleared their opponents and took the inside 
course. In spite of the proverb that " a 
stern chase is a long chase," the '92 crew did 
not lose courage,but pulled steadily and well ; 
nevertheless they were too light for their 
opponents, who pulled under the bridge with 
a long, smooth stroke, leaving a good space 
of clear water astern, amid the cheers of 
their classmates. The time was 6 minutes 
59 seconds. The stroke of the Sophomore 
crew was about thirty-four strokes per min- 
ute, and that of the Freshman thirty-six per 
minute. The following is the winning crew 
with their weight and height : 

Weight. Height. 

F. E. Parker, stroke, Captain, 170 lbs. 5 ft. 11 in. 

C. H. Hastings, No. 3, 160 " 5 " 9 " 

N. F. Allard, No. 2, 162 " 5 " 8 " 

J. P. Cilley, Jr., bow, 101 " 5 " 7 " 

Professors Moody and Hutchins acted as 
judges and time-keepers. 

Next after the boat race came the 


which proved to be one of the most amusing 
features of the day. The number of con- 
testants exceeded the number of logs pro- 
vided, which rendered it necessary to draw 
lots; Royal, '90, Thompson, '90, and Bean, 
'92, were the lucky men. 

Just before the start, Instructor Cole 
came unpleasantly near taking an impromtu 
bath by reason of a misstep on the lower 
plank of the bridge, but he recovered his 
balance and started the race as if nothing 
had happened. 

Bean drew the best log, and keeping his 
balance in an admirable manner easily won 
the first prize. Thompson and Royal were 
by no means so fortunate, and their repeated 
but fruitless efforts to keep right side up 
afforded the crowd an immense amount 
of amusement, and for a good part of the 
time the lower extremities were all that 
could be seen of these luckless men. Thomp- 
son was finally beaten by Royal, who thus 
won second prize. 

Taken altogether the races were a de- 
cided success, and with the large crowd and 
unusually large number of fine turn-outs 
made this part of Field Day one of the most 


At 1.30, Friday, a few strokes of the bell 
were sounded, and the students, with their 
friends, began to assemble in the Chapel, 
where President Hyde was to award the 
prizes to the winners in the contests of the 
previous day. 

First came the victorious crew, and as the 
four sturdy men who had worked so long and 
faithfully marched up the aisle, bearing be- 
fore them an oar decorated with the blue 
and gold of '91, cheer after cheer burst from 
the lips of the exultant Sophomores. Presi- 
dent Hyde presented the silver cups in a 
few well-chosen words, complimenting the 
crew on their good form, and making very 
favorable comparison with the former famous 
oarsmen of old Bowdoin. 

After this, amid vigorous applause and 
bursts of class yells, the other victors were 
crowned with laurel in the shape of silver 
medals, prettily engraved, and bearing suit- 



able inscriptions. The second prizes were 
of silver, being similar to the first but a trifle 
smaller. Ridley won the greatest individual 
record, winning five firsts and one third, 
while the colors of '91 will decorate the dis- 
puted cup for the coming year, that class 
having taken sixty-five points. 



It was shortly after three o'clock when 
the sixteen blended strains of the Salem 
Cadet Band floated out over the gay, ex- 
pectant throng that had assembled in Upper 
Memorial. In the hush that followed the 
overture every head was turned toward the 
entrance. As the oaken doors unfolded, the 
martial strains broke forth, and the class of 
'90, in cap and gown of lustrous black, came 
slowly inarching through. And an impres- 
sive sight it was, the Marshal in the van, his 
ribboned baton keeping measured time to 
the step of his classmates, who, shoulder to 
shoulder, in a long column filed up the central 
aisle. With never a break, in two divergent 
lines they ascended the lateral stairways and 
stood in their places. At the fall of the 
baton, the sable expanse sank to their seats 
as one man, and at the moment there arose a 
storm of applause from the audience below. 

At the close of an admirable selection 
from the orchestra, Chaplain Weeks offered 
a devout and earnest prayer. 

He was succeeded by the Orator, Mr. 
George F. Freeman, of Everett, Mass., who 
spoke eloquently for fifteen minutes of our 
much-discussed public school and its alleged 

Mr. Allen, the Poet, took his hearers back 
to those olden days when the strangely fas- 
cinating Inca civilization fell beneath the 
Spanish hand, and told them a pathetic tale 
of love and war and flight and death. Despite 
the evident trepidation of the speaker, it 

touched the tender feelings of the fair visi- 
tants and the cultured hearts of the tractile 
Brunswickans, and its rhythmic numbers 
nestled softly and long in many a yearning 

Mr. W. R. Smith, President of the class, 
then arose and addressed the audience briefly, 
as follows : 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Life has often been compared to a journey. No- 
where is this simile more apt than in college. We 
are toiling on, day by day, step by step, toward a 
definite goal. But here, as on a journey, we stop oc- 
casionally for a short rest. Ivy Day is one of these 
resting places. This occasion has a varying mean- 
ing to the different undergraduate classes. The 
Freshman looks on it simply as a holiday. The Soph- 
omore as a chance to sport his hat and cane. The 
Senior is filled with the sad thoughts of his last 
chapel. But it is to the Junior that the day espe- 
cially belongs. 

Ivy Day is important to the Junior as the first oc- 
casion of real dignity in his course. It is the first 
time that a class comes conspicuously before the pub- 
lic. And so a few brief remarks, that will serve to 
recall past events in our college career, may not be 
untimely. 'Ninety entered college with thirty-nine 
men, one more than she has to-day. In one respect 
we have been exceedingly unfortunate. Generally the 
men who leave a class during its course are such as 
can be easily spared. But the men whom we have 
lost have been among our best. At the close of 
Freshman year one of our ablest scholars left these 
peaceful scenes for the stirring life of West Point. 
Last fall we were startled by the news that we had lost 
another, a man whose energy and ability had ever 
made him the leading spirit of our class. Twice has 
death entered our ranks. Once in the early part of the 
Freshman year, before we had had time to form more 
than a casual acquaintance. The second death was 
but a few short weeks ago, at a time when college 
ties are at their strongest. The grim destroyer took 
from our midst one who, by his kind and cheerful 
heart had won our love, and by his manly virtues 
our respect; one whose place in the class and in the 
college will not be filled. At the beginning of Soph- 
omore year we were strengthened by the addition of 
four men, who since that time have ever stood in the 
front rank. 

Considering the fact that we have always been 
outnumbered by the classes on either side of us, it 
would be useless to claim a list of victories unbroken 



by defeats. All we claim is an honorable record, and 
to that record the cups in yonder library bear abun- 
dant testimony. One characteristic of '90 in these 
various contests has been the absence of that boastful 
spirit and overweening ostentation, which has been so 
marked in a certain class with which we have not 
always disastrously come in contact. When we set 
out to capture the peanut drunk of '91, or to win the 
Field-Day cup, we said but little. Yet, to use a 
somewhat worn expression, we got there. 

Whenever any great crisis has arisen, '90 has 
proved equal to it. A year ago last fall we were 
confronted by one of the most numerous classes of 
Freshmen that has ever entered Bowdoin, and how did 
we fulfill the duties devolving on us as Sophomores? 
Our answer is, compare the class of '91, as it is to- 
day, with what it was when we took it in hand. 
Then they were without form or comliness, despised 
and rejected of men. Now a strong and united 
class, a power in the college. Yet, as even they 
themselves have the candor to acknowledge, all this 
improvement has been due to our own precept and 

Ivy Day has one sad thought for us, in that it 
marks the near completion of three of the four years 
of our college course. Three years of college life! 
What a world of meaning in those short words. 
The drudgery of Freshman year and the wild free- 
dom of the next! We have now nearly reached the 
end of that fabulous period, Junior ease. But one 
more year and we must leave this loved campus to 
return only as strangers. We plant the Ivy in order 
to leave behind us a living memento of the class. 
But no soulless vine can preserve the memory of any 
class. If we wish '90 to be remembered in the fut- 
ure, each clay must be an Ivy Day ennobled by some 
deed that will be a lasting memorial of the doer, and 
through him of the class. 

Colleges have been censured as one-sided because 
they recognize only one kind of ability. But excel- 
lence in any line is sure to be seen and honored by 
our fellow-students. It has been customary, on this 
occasion to give public recognition to some of those 
kinds of merit that may cause our Faculty more 
anxiety than pleasure. 

Mr. Smith then proceeded to awaken the 
expectations of the audience by reference to 
some unknown .songster who had " charms to 
soothe the savage breast." He explained 
how they had found ample opportunity for 
exercise upon his room-mate. A ripple of 
surprise and admiration broke over the audi- 

ence as he conferred upon Mr. J. B. Pendle- 
ton, of commercial renown, the miniature 
kitten which was appropriately termed "Noc- 
turnal Charmer." 

Mr. Pendleton received the donation with 
an appreciative smile, and proceeded to an- 
alyze his own musical virtues in a manner 
that elicited frequent bursts of laughter from 
the audience, and concluded by remarking 
that as he saw the audience casting medita- 
tive glances at the doors and windows, in 
fear that he should render them a solo, he 
thought it best to desist ; and with that he 
returned to his seat. 

Mr. Smith then took up the tripod, which 
was fittingly designated for the Class Oracle, 
and proceeded to explain the similarity be- 
tween its immediate recipient and that world- 
wise individual depicted by Mark Twain in 
his "Innocents Abroad." Mr. Charles Hutch- 
inson was the sage beneficiary. He arose 
deliberately and in clear, distinct tones pro- 
nounced the words of wit and wisdom which 
become one in his high station. After a 
series of happy hits, many of them at the 
expense of the donors, he concluded with the 
well-timed remark that if any one failed to 
see the point of his response he had well 
fulfilled his office, for never yet nor never 
shall there be any one so astute as to see the 
point of any oracular response. Mr. Hutch- 
inson carried his part admirably, and resumed 
his seat amid rapturous applause. 

President Smith next proceeded to the 
analysis of the Weary Man. He referred to 
the indisputable fact of his having been born 
tired, and in explanation of the fact referred 
to the theory of transmigration of souls, of 
which he considered Mr. A. E. Stearns a 
typical example. After complimenting the 
recipient on the fortitude with which he bore 
his lot, he presented him with a rocking- 
chair. Mr. Stearns grasped the useful me- 
mento with a languid hand, and said: 
" Shakespeare says, ' Some men are born 



great, others achieve greatness, and still 
others have greatness thrust upon them.' I 
say, some men are born tired, others achieve 
tiredness, and still others have tiredness 
thrust upon them." Taking this as his text, 
he proceeded to apply it to his own case. In 
speaking of some of his experiences he said 
that his first act upon birth was to debate 
the advisability of breathing, by finding that 
his maiden soliloquy involved more effort 
than the act itself, he forthwith submitted to 
the course of nature, and hence his present 

The President then proceeded to the 
Social Man, whose beauty he described as 
that " over which spring poets rave and 
which causes Apollo to tear his ambrosial 
locks with envy." After alluding to his gas- 
tronomical qualities he proceeded to enumer- 
ate his social propensities, and spoke feelingly 
of the manner in which the class of '90 had 
borne his inflictions. He then turned to Mr. 
J. M. W. Moody, the trenchant Orient 
scribe, and spoke as follows : 

Allow me to present you with this fan, and at the 
same time to express the heartfelt wish of the class 
that you may have continued success on the waxen 
floor, and that when at last you feel old age drawing 
on and wish to exchange these lovely pleasures for 
the quiet bliss of domestic life, you may select from 
the throng of your admirers such an one as will 
prove to you all that you can wish. 

Mr. Moody advanced with that calm and 
placid smile for which so many of the Bruns- 
wick ladies are pining, and in a speech in 
which delivery and diction combined for the 
most taking effect we have ever witnessed 
upon that stage, he held the audience captive. 
He was uncertain whether his sociability 
referred to his connections with the "fastidi- 
ously cultured college youth of the nine- 
teenth century," or whether it referred to 
the society of the world and his "peculiar 
affability with those exquisite devices that 
comprise its main-stay and support — namely, 
the ladies." Whenever he entered a public 

place, be it post-office or dance hall, these 
matured cherubim hovered about him like 
butterflies around a chalice of nectar. He 
attributed to Isaac Watts a law which said 
that society " improves and increases as the 
square of its sociability." But suddenly 
caught on the wings of inspiration, he 
diverted to the thoughts suggested by the 
fan. It suggested to him thoughts of repose, 
poetry, and a moral. His thoughts of repose 
centered on the college church, where he 
should recline and, with the " good fan sus- 
pended above the apex " of his "probocis," 
he would "swell the breezes." "While my 
companions are enduring physiological tor- 
ments over the depth of the discourse, all 
superfluous humidity will be removed from 
my physiognomy, nor will the phosphatic 
waste of my brain be great." Its usefulness 
for poetry was illustrated then and there by 
a happy effusion, in which the words fan 
and Fanny became happily tangled, after 
which he burst into an ecstatic apostrophe, 
" Ah, there ! my fan, my Fanny," etc., which 
was drowned in the thundering applause of 
the audience. Its moral was " Keep cool," 
which he said was the " basal maxim " upon 
which " all of Poor Richard's aphorisms were 

After the Social Man came Plugger, to 
whom was presented an oil can all gilded and 
adorned with 'Ninety's ribbons. Whether, 
it was significant of the proverbial midnight 
oil or as typifying mental lubrication to 
augment application, was not stated. Mr. 
A. V. Smith, the fortunate man, replied in a 
well-chosen and appropriate speech, which, 
had it been audible to the entire audience, 
would have been one of the best. 

As the President truly remarked, the last 
of the presentations, that to Popular Man, 
was made in all sincerity. Mr. H. H. Has- 
tings, the recipient, as was proper, made no 
attempt at the ludicrous, but spoke feelingly 
of his relations to the class and affection 



for its members, and closed amid sincere 
applause, in which the class heartily joined. 

The parts were good and well delivered. 
We will indulge in no stereotyped adulation 
nor unseemly boastings in behalf of the class. 
Their exercises were, in all fairness, as a 
whole, as good as any of their predecessors. 
The) 7 certainly far exceeded the expectations 
of both participants and audience. Their 
marching in and out was perfection. The 
caps and gowns were in themselves a feature. 
The music was of the first order, and the 
general effect of the day one of symmetry 
and satisfaction. 


This took place shortly before half-past 
five, immediately after the exercises in the 
hall. The class marched solemnly round to 
the east side of Memorial Hall, where was 
the rough slab bearing the tasteful marble 
ivy leaf, with " '90 " raised in handsome 
figures upon it. Grouping themselves quietly 
about this, the class remained until the root- 
lets of the plant had been consigned to the 
fostering soil, and its delicate tendrils trained 
artistically over the slab by the deft hands 
of the Curator, Mr. G. W. Blanchard. The 
ivy was one taken from the ruins of the 
Acropolis at Athens, said to have been 
planted by Pericles just before making his 
maiden speech in the Areopagus, and which 
" was forwarded to the class by the American 
consul at that port. After a few informal 
and appropriate remarks by the Curator and 
different members of the class, there was 
feelingly sung the 

By Frank E. Simpson. 
Air — "Fair Harvard." 
The long day is closing, and o'er all around 

The shadows steal softly and slow, 
While memories fond, surging back as we sing, 

Make each heart with feeling o'erfiow; 
And here, sheltered safe by the old chapel wall, 
This ivy we plant 'neath the sod. 

Oh ! ever like it, may our souls upward rise 
Till they gain the fair city of God. 

Happy years have we passed 'neath these buildings 

Oft upon this fair campus we've played, 
And the whole world around us with beauty seems 

Jeweled bright with the friendships we've made ; 
And when, college days o'er, as strangers we roam 

Through these scenes so oft mused upon, 
This blossoming vine will recall to our hearts 

The sweetness of years that are gone. 

After being photographed in their caps 
and gowns by Reed and Hearn, the class 
repaired to the chapel gallery, which had 
been specially reserved for them, and beheld 
'Eighty-Nine's last chapel exercise. 

seniors' last chapel. 
So many Orient scribes have grown 
eloquent over this impressive scene that we 
can hope to add no new features. This 
year, as usual, the chapel was crowded. The 
rear gallery was filled with Juniors fresh 
from the planting of the ivy; the extra seats 
were crowded until they gave scant room for 
the class, and the doorway was blocked with 
an eager mass of faces straining and twisting 
to catch a glimpse of the scene. What single 
thing is there that makes a more vivid im- 
pression on the mind of the Bowdoin student 
than the strangely tinted sunlight flowing 
over floor, faces, and forms ! Is it any won- 
der that the boys love to write about it? On 
Thursday afternoon the sun shone on '89 and 
'90 alike, and the rich clouds of blue light 
crept slowly across the scene with the course 
of the sinking sun. The college quartette 
sung a sweet and stirring hymn without 
accompaniment. President Hyde offered one 
of those ever-new and sincere prayers that 
we all know so well. Marshal Lynam took 
his position at the head of the long central 
aisle, and at the beat of his baton the class of 
'89 filed slowly out by the familiar forms for 
the last time, and forming into the accustomed 



square, went swaying down the hall singing 
the well-known strains of the Scotch Lowland 

I wonder did they think as, clasped 
together, they surged slowly down by the 
old forms, down the old walk it had taken 
them four crowded years to ascend — did they 
think on the many mornings and Sabbath 
evenings they had -sat there together ; did 
they think on those struggles and rivalries 
whose sacred community had thus united 
them in form and in heart? 

'Ninety had hastened down from the rear 
gallery and in two lines, with bared heads, 
awaited their old enemies. But somehow 
the class feeling wouldn't respond. She 
would never compete with '89 again. The old 
bitterness was drowned in a flood of kindred 
feeling, and as her ancient rival marched 
slowly down through the lines of under- 
graduates and took her place at the foot of 
the column, she never gave a lustier cheer 
than that which then and there pealed forth 
for old '89. And the Seniors' college clays 
were over. 


The Old, Old Spell. 

How softly steals the music o'er me, 

Blending with the scene before me. 
With a rhythmic and a strangely mystic charm ! 

Comes the thrill of something fairer, 

'Tis the dainty hand of Clara 
Gently resting, like an angel's, on my arm. 

Loving eyes are softly smiling, 
With the pure and rich beguiling 

I remember in the happy days of yore, 
When we sat alone together. 
On the soft and yielding heather, 

lire I mingled in this stream of college lore. 

You will leave me on the morrow, 

Dearest Clara, and the sorrow 
Lends a sadness to the glamour and the charm ; 

But the music and the dances 

Interrupt my happy fancies — 
" Let me introduce you, Clara, to my chum." 

It was exactly 8.12^ p.m. by '90's watch/ 
when the orchestra of the Salem Cadet Band 
stepped forth upon the platform in Town 
Hall and were received with rapturous ap- 
plause from the loaded balconies. A few 
moments later the expectant air was all 
ecstatic with such thrilling strains of melody 
as only Jean Missud and his arch-musicians 
can evoke from their soul-stirring lyres. 

Soon the dance floor was thronged with 
'90's shapely gallants, each with a vision of 
fragile loveliness clinging with palpitating, 
yet serene, confidence to his well-nerved arm. 
Nor was there lacking a generous represen- 
tation from others of the college classes. The 
reposeful dignity of the Senior added char- 
acter to the scene ; the rich-blooded, living, 
kicking Sophomore, aflood with animal life, 
with his uniformly red-cheeked, bouncing 
dame contributed vivacity and spirit to the 
company, while the sprinkling of Medicals 
and townsmen relieved the occasion of that 
appearance of absolute exclusiveness which 
is always so undesirable. 

Just before the first grand march the 
scene presented to the observers in the bal- 
conies was such as was never before looked 
upon by the inhabitants of this historic town. 
They gazed with astonishment and trans- 
ports down a vista of beauteousness inde- 
scribable. It was a most gorgeous sympo- 
sium of changing color and shade, costumes 
of the rarest fabrics of the East, sparkling 
gems and radiant womanhood — all this be- 
ing strengthened and supported by the 
noblest gentry of the Pine Tree State ; and 
there was just enough of sound wafted up 
on the perfume-laden atmosphere to suggest 
the rippling of a summer sea in grottoes of 
opaline basalt. 

At 9MI, '90's Floor Director, Mr. Bill 
Dunn, led his fairy partner forth upon the 
spotless wax to signalize the inition of the 
grand march, as he did so, receiving an en- 
thusiastic ovation from every feminine hand, 



for each heart had been for some minutes 
a-flutter with suppressed eagerness for the 
airy sport. And when the orchestra struck 
up the noble strains of " The Lord of the 
Himalayas," it seemed that every human 
atom in the dizzy circle was set throbbing 
in rich sympathetic unison, and all through 
the glorious night was such buoyancy of 
limb and spirit inspired as probably few had 
ever before experienced. 

The dance-orders were most elegant and 
of the very latest style, being gotton up 
from rough stock with embossed plates, con- 
taining on the outside two beautiful original 
engravings of antique vignettes, and having 
the inset embellished on the first and fourth 
pages with photogravure work of rare excel- 
lence. The orders opened laterally and were 
fastened on one side by very dainty extra 
heavy silk cord in the '90 colors, manufac- 
tured expressly for the class b} r Philadelphia 

Shortly after twelve, feeling the need of 
something more substantial than the product 
of the soda fountain, the dancers repaired to 
the dining-hall. Here a surprise, indeed, 
awaited them. The repast was served, by 
the Maine Central Cafe Company, Union 
Depot, Portland, considered by many as per- 
haps the best appointed catering establish- 
ment in New England. Never before, on the 
occasion of an Ivy Hop, have the banquet 
boards presented an appearance so resplen- 
dent. Every need that could be detected 
by the fastidious eye of an expert- was abun- 
dantly supplied. The viands were suitable 
and varied, the table appointments superb, 
while perhaps the most delightful feature of 
all, the exquisite floral decorations, were from 
the costliest cuttings of metropolitan green- 
houses. Trained colored waiters in full dress 
were in attendance. In fact the whole mat- 
ter of the banquet was passed off with char- 
acteristic snap and brilliancy, and from it 
the invigorated multitude returned to the 

waxen floor, whence, after two or three 
hours spent in the enchanting whirl, they 
betook themselves to their respective pillows, 
fairly wearied out with a superabundance of 

A few of the noteworthy features of the 
evening were, perhaps, the music, the large 
number of couples, about sixty ; the number 
of supper plates sold, one hundred and thirty 
odd; the richness of the ladies' costumes 
and the scarcity of anything but dress suits 
upon the backs of the gentlemen, and the 
flowers of the banquet. It is generally re- 
marked about town and college that never 
before was there seen such an aggregation 
of feminine beauty in Town Hall. 


[At the request of one of the alumni we publish the following 
score to correct the glaring errors contained in some of the 
Maine papers.] 

Bowdoin, 8; M. S. C, 12. 
Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, at Orono, May 4th. 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 3b., 4 2 2 3 3 1 1 

Freeman, c 4 3 1 1 8 4 

Fogg, l.f., 5 1 1 

Thompson, p., c.f., ..5011150 

Hilton, p., c.f., .... 5 1 2 1 

Fish, 2b 4 5 4 

Jordan, s.s., 2 1 1 3 4 

Tukey, r.f 3 1 1 

Downes, lb., 3 1 6 

35 S 5 6 26 19 6 
M. S. C. 

A.B. E. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Keith, 3b 3 2 2 2 1 1 

Rich, r.f 7 1 2 2 3 

Blackington, p., ... 6 1 4 5 1 10 1 

Haggett, l.f., 5 1 1 2 

Bird, 2b 6 1 3 3 4 2 1 

Steward, s.s., .... 6 1 1 1 2 

Vickery, c, 6 1 1 1 9 5 

Babb, lb 4 2 2 2 6 1 

Drew, c.f 5 2 2 2 1 1 

48 12 IS IS 27 17 7 


Bowdoins, ...14000200 1—8 

M. S. C 1 1 2 2 2 2—12 

Two-base hit — Blackingtou. Hit by batted ball — Babb, 
Umpire— Watkins, of Oldtown, 



M. S. C, 12; Bowdoin, 11. 
M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin, at Brunswick, May 
24, 1889. • 



Packard, 3b., 6 

Freeman, 2b., .... 2 

Fogg, c.f 2 

Thompson, r.f 4 

Fish, c, 5 

Jordan, s.s., 5 

Newman, l.f., 
Hilton, p., . . . 
Downes, lb., . . 

Keith, 3b. 4 

Blackington, p., ... 2 

Rich, r.f., 6 

Bird, 2b., G 

Haggett, l.f 5 

Vickery, c 6 

Babb, lb 5 

Drew, c.f., 4 

Lord, s.s 3 

1b. T.E. P.O. 


















9 15 24 

IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 























41 12 11 14 




Bowdoins, ... 1 
M. S. C, . . . . 1 1 3 1 4 2—12 
Three-base hits — Fish, Hilton, Drew. Two-base hits — 
Freeman, Newman, Keith, Rich. First base on balls — 
Packard, Thompson, Newman, Andrews. Stolen bases— 
Bowdoin, 12; M. S. C, 3. Hit by pitched ball— Burrill. 
Umpires— Haskell and Flynn. 

Bates, 11; Bowdoin, 8. 
Bowdoin vs. Bates, at Lewiston, May 30, 


Packard, 3b., 5 

Freeman, 2b 5 

Newman, l.f 4 

Thompson, r.f 5 

Fish.c. 5 

Jordan, c.f., 3 

Prentiss, s.s., 4 

Gately, p., 4 

Downes, lb., 4 

39 8 

Graves, 3b., 5 

Daggett, p., 5 

Call, c 4 

Gilmore, lb., 5 

H. T.B. P.O. 

B.H. T.B. P.O. 

Day, 2b 5 1 1 1 1 2 3 

Putnam, l.f 5 2 2 5 5 

Little, c.f., 5 1 1 1 1 

Garcelon, s.s., .... 5 3 3 5 3 1 1 

Emery, r.f., ...... 5 1 1 2 1 1 

44 16 13 19 27 13 9 


12 3 456T89 

Bates 11101323 4— 16 

Bowdoin, ....1 1 6 0—8 
Struck out — Gately, Freeman, Downes. Earned runs 
— Bowdoins, 2; Bates, 4. Stolen bases — Bowdoins, 7; 
Bates, 6. Two-base hits — Freeman (2), Downes, Gately, 
Emery. Three-base hit— Garcelon. Home run — Putnam. 
Umpire — Nevins, of Lewiston. 


Sir Thomas Wyatt and His Poems. Presented to the 
Philosophical Faculty of Kaiser Wilhelm's University 
at Strassburg, for the Acquisition of the Degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy. By W. E. Simonds, instructor 
in German, Cornell University. D. C. Heath & Co., 
Boston. 8 vo. Flexible cloth; pp. 156. 
One who did so much for English poetry as 
Thomas Wyatt ought to be more widely known than 
he is. The reason for his comparative obscurity lies 
in the fact that till very recently almost nothing 
was known of his personal history. The publication, 
however, of recent volumes of the "Calendars of 
Stale Papers," has placed within reach material here- 
tofore inaccessible, and brought to light many im- 
portant facts in the life of the poet-statesman. These 
and all other sources of information have been care- 
fully worked over by Mr. Simonds, and the results 
of his labors embodied in a very interesting memoir. 
The second part of the volume he devotes to a con- 
sideration of the texts, the metre, and the interpreta- 
tion of the poems. From reasons based mainly 
upon internal evidence, he separates them into six 
groups, according to the time of composition. This 
chronological arrangement, as we should expect, aids 
greatly in their interpretation,. — poems that would 
otherwise have no meaning, when associated with cir- 
cumstances of his life with which we are acquainted, 
take on a new interest. Mr. Simond's efforts in this 
direction give evidence of rare power of analysis. 
A few words of the introduction give his reasons for 
printing the volume : "This work is in the truest 
sense an essay, and will attain its modest purpose if, 
by its statements or suggestions, it throws any light 
upon the career of a man whose life and works seem 
charged with the romantic spirit of a romantic time ; 
if it shall aid in penetrating the obscurity that has 



wrapped the poet's life ; or, possibly, tend to animate 
a collection of dry poems with the interest and per- 
sonality of the author's passion." 

Riverside Library for Young People, No. 1. The 
War op Independence. By John Fiske. Houghton, 
Mifflin & Co., Boston, 18S9. Pp. 200; cloth, 75 cts. 
There is no department of literature in which we 
are so lacking as in good books for young people, — 
books that are instructive as well as entertaining. 
Just such books the publishers of "The Riverside 
Library" are offering; books of History, Biography, 
Travel, Natural Sciences, etc., from the pens of 
writers whose ability to handle the topics assigned 
them is unquestioned. In his " War of Independence " 
Mr. Fiske has endeavored to answer some of the 
questions which naturally arise in the mind of the 
student, but which the old-fashioned text-books ig- 
nore. Why was George the Third so bitter against 
the colonies ? Why did Massachusetts and Virginia 
take the lead against him? " Was the conduct of the 
British government in driving the Americans into re- 
bellion merely wanton aggression, or was it not 
rather a bungling attempt to solve a political prob- 
lem which really needed to be ^solved? Why were 
New Jersey and the Hudson river so important? 
Why did the British armies make South Carolina their 
chief objective point after New York?" And so on. 
He begins with picturing the condition of the col- 
onies in 1750, and ends with the inauguration of 
Washington, in 1789. He regards this as the proper 
limit of the revolutionary period beginning with the 
Declaration of Independence in 1776. The immedi- 
ate and remote causes of the war, and its effect upon 
English politics, are fully discussed. His description 
of the war itself, and of the five years immediately 
succeeding it, so fraught with danger to the country, 
is as fascinating as a novel. The story has been told 
many times before, but never better than it is told 

A London Life, and other tales. By Henry James. 
Macmillan & Co., New York, 1889. Cloth, pp. 300. 
Mr. James is too well known to need introduction. 
From the time that Mr. Howells recognized his gen- 
ius by placing him among the contributors to the 
Atlantic, his popularity has increased, till now he 
stands with Howells himself, at the head of American 
novelists. His short stories are charming. In them 
he displays that deep insight into character, and that 
exquisite taste in arrangement, which distinguish 
him in his other writings. It may seem strange to 
one who has never thought of it, but it is very rare 
that the successful novelist is also a successful writer 

of short stories. To write short stories well is a gift 
in itself. This volume contains four tales: "A Lon- 
don Life," " The Patagonia," " The Liar," and " Mrs. 
Temperly," of which the last originally appeared 
under another title. They are some of Mr. James' 
best work. 

Elementary Psychology. By Daniel Putnam, M.A., 
Professor of Mental and Moral Science, and of the The- 
ory and Art of Teaching in the Michigan State Normal 
School. A. S. Barnes & Co., New York, 1889. Pp.283, 
12 mo., cloth, 90 cents. 

Psychology is becoming an eminently practical 
science; why, then, should it be confined to the col- 
lege curriculum ? Do not the features that make it 
useful for the college student make it also useful to 
the student in the high school, whose education in 
the majority of cases ends there? Ought he to re- 
main in ignorance of a branch of study so " invalu- 
able for guidance in the affairs of life ?" The author 
thinks not, and this book is the practical outcome of 
his opinion. If the lack of a proper text-book has 
been the only hindrance to the introduction of this 
study into secondary schools, Mr. Putnam has re- 
moved it. This volume is designed especially for 
such grades, and is a marvel of perspicuity. The 
use of different kinds of type adds something to the 
clearness. The subject of each paragraph appears 
at the beginning in heavy type, and any sentence that 
is of the nature of a definition is printed in italics. 
For the subject matter he claims no originality, but 
the treatment of it certainly is his own, and in this 
he has been very happy. 

( To be reviewed in the next issue.) 

Nineteenth Century Authors. By Louise Manning 
Hodgkins. D. C. Heath & Co., Boston; 1889. 

Wit and Humor: Their Use and Abuse. By 
William Matthews, LL.D. S. C. Griggs & Co., 
Chicago, 1888. 

Memory Training. By William L. Evans, M.A. 
(Glasg:). A. S. Barnes & Co., New York; 1889. 

The Pleasures of Life. Part II. By Sir John 
Lubbock, Bart., M.P. MacMillan & Co., New York ; 

The emergency fund of $100,000, made necessary 
by the depreciation of Baltimore & Ohio railroad 
securities, has been secured for Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, and the work of the institution will go on for 
five years at least without embarrassment. 




The kind old Greek has of late be- 
come a very familiar figure as he wends 
his way among the various dormitories 
in search of chapel absentees. Let the 
delinquent Sophomore beware. 

At one of the recent ball games a young man 
who is evidently unacquainted with the college world, 
observing the two foul flags, innocently remarked : 
"Well, I declare! I didn't know Bowdoin won the 
championship last year. Say, how long have they 
had two pennants, anyway?" 

It is rumored that Wilson, the famous Williams 
pitcher, formerly of Bowdoin, '89, will twirl the 
sphere for Portland, this summer. 

Somehow or other, when the boys receive an 
invitation, through the class officer, to call on the 
President, they never send regrets. Strange, isn't it? 
A few days ago a '91 man stepped briskly up to 
director Hastings, and asked that his name might be 
put down against several of the Field-Day contests. 
The director did as requested, and then remarked, 

by way of a joke : " O, Mr. , you may as well 

pay your entrance fee now as any time. It has been 
reduced to fifty cents this year, and by paying now 
you will save us the trouble of collection." A sad 
smile illumined the face of the Sophomore as he 
drew forth the bright shining half, and placed it in 
the engulfing fist of the jovial Bob, thus making 
himself the victim of the hitter's pleasantry. 

The above would have been pardonable in the 
case of a Freshman, but it was rather a riley trick 
to put up on a Soph. 

Competition for the English Composition Prizes 
closed Monday, May 20th, with some dozen or fifteen 
entries. The awardal was announced June 3d, as 
follows : 1st Prizes — " Commercial Union with Can- 
ada," John R. Clark; "Ancient Elements in Modern 
Religion," Daniel E. Owen. 2d prizes — " The Pub- 
lic School Question," L. J. Bodge; "The Anglo- 
Saxon Element in our Literature," Geo. T. Files. 
The judges were Rev. Newman Smyth, D.D., '03, 
Rev. Geo. T. Packard, '66, and Rev. T. S. Nichols, 
all of New Haven. 

Following is the programme of Bowdoin's eighty- 
fourth Commencement, to be held at Brunswick, 
June 23-29, 1889 : 

Sunday — 1 p.m. Baccalaureate Sermon by the President. 
Monday — 8 p.m. Junior Prize Declamation. 
Tuesday — Class Day. Oration and Poem in Memorial 
Hall at 9 a.m. Exercises under Thorndike Oak at 3 
p.m. Illumination and Dance on the Green in the 
evening. Annual meeting of the Maine Historical 
Society at 9 a.m., in Cleaveland Lecture Koom, Mas- 
sachusetts Hall. 
Wednesday — 9 a.m. Graduating Exercises of the Med- 
ical School of Maine, in Memorial Hall. Address by 
James McKeen, Esq., '64, of New York City. 11 a.m. 
Meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity in Adams 
Hall. 3 p.m. Oration before the Phi Beta Kappa Fra- 
ternity, in Memorial Hall, by Hon. George Foster Tal- 
bot, '37, of Portland, Me. 8 p.m. Vocal and Instru- 
mental Concert in the Town Hall, under the auspices 
of the Senior Class. 
Thursday— 9 a.m. Annual Meeting of the Alumni in 
Adams Hall. 10.30 a.m. Commencement Exercises, 
followed by Dinner in Memorial Hall. 

Alumni are requested to register their names and 
procure tickets for Commencement Dinner, between 
the hours of 8 and 10.30 Thursday morning, at the 
Cleaveland Lecture Room. 
8 p.m. Reception by the President in Memorial Hall. 
Friday — 8.30 a.m. Examination of candidates for admis- 
sion to College at Cleaveland Lecture Room. 
Saturday — 8. 30 a.m. Examination for admission contin- 

The contest for the Brown Extemporaneous Com- 
position Prizes occurred Tuesday, May 28th. The 
following were the competitors: Bodge, Carroll, 
Clarke, Crocker, Doherty, Elden, Emery, Files, Her- 
sey, Libby, Merrill, Owen, Prentiss, Rogers, and 
Staples. The subject was "The Significance and 
Value of Decoration Day." The first prize was 
awarded to Win. M. Emery, the second to Frank L. 

Senior examinations were held Monday and Tues- 
day, June 3d and 4th. A radical change was made 
in them this year, from the fact that for the most part 
the class was examined in only the spring term's 
work. The examining board was represented by 
James McKeen, Esq., '64, of New York City, Rev. 
Geo. M. Adams, D.D., '44, Holliston, Mass., and the 
perennial S. F. Dyke, of Bath. 

The last recitations in Greek for the term were 
held June 4th. 

White, '89, will probably study medicine after 

A.K.E., 9. A. X., and *. Y., held their Senior 
Treats, Friday, May 31st. 

The Freshmen have decided to adopt a class cane 
for next year. 



A resolution to abstain from ducking next year 
has been circulated among the members of 92, As 
will easily be imagined the signers of the document 
are decidedly in the minority, and a sufficient num- 
ber of level headed men remain among the about-to- 
be Sophomores to check the ardor of such Freshmen 
as become too hilarious next fall. 

Gumrner and Gurney, both of '92, were appli- 
cants for the position of organist. Glimmer received 
the appointment. 

The first General Catalogue of Bowdoin ever is- 
sued is now out, and can be obtained from the Libra- 
rian. It was compiled by Prof. Little, assisted by 
Miss Lane, and contains information of much value, 
both to undergraduates and alumni. 

Wednesday, May 29th, the invincible nines from 
'89 met on the sands of the delta, and proceeded to 
settle the knotty base-ball problem-. The two teams, 
at the head of the one Bodge, of the other Stearns, 
represented the great and small of '89, and the con- 
test was long and bitter. The Razzle-Dazzles (such 
was the name of the heavy team) got in good work 
with the stick, but the Pigs in Clover were right on 
deck, and connected with the ball in a way that was 
surprising. At the end of the sixth inning the score 
stood 31 to 31, when the game was called on account 
of hunger, and has not yet been played off. 

Field, '91, has been appointed to the library corps. 

With each copy of the new catalogue is found 
a small slip containing the following sentiment: 
" Compliments of the Librarian of Bowdoin College : 
vive, vale : si quid novisli reclius istus, candidus im- 
perii; si non, his ulere mecum." 

Bell ringer for '90, Cummings. 

Merrill, '87, was in town May 31st. 

The Commencement parts have at last been de- 
cided Files will deliver the salutatory, while Emery 
and Staples were the lucky writers. The other speak- 
ers are Bodge, Clark, Elden, Merrill, Neal, Owen, 
and Stearns. 

The Sophomores seem to be imbued with the 
base-ball spirit. Since the last number two crack 
nines, the Physics and Greeks, composed of the sci- 
entists and classics of the above class, have waged 
the conflict on the delta, each nine winning one 
game. There is considerable interest among the '91 
men and the tie will probably be played off soon. 

In the Junior class there is a certain youth who 
answers to the nick-name of " Professor." The other 
day at one of the ball games, another student seeing 
the first young man sitting a few seats in front of him 

sang out in stentorian tones, " P-r-o-f-e-s-s-O-r ! ! " 
Immediately five learned physiognomies belonging 
to five different representatives of the Faculty, turned 
inquiringly toward the speaker, who, with perturbed 
countenance, suffused with rosy blushes, sank back 
in his seat as far as possible, and, for the remainder 
of the game, relapsed into a state of " innocuous des- 

Prof. Woodruff conducted chapel services Sunday 
p.m., June 2d. 

Pushor, '87, took in the Ivy exercises. 

It would be hard to find three prettier specimens 
of engraving than the '90 Ivy invitation, programme, 
and dance order. 

The Ivy Hop was largely attended, and in every 
way a great success. It was by far the finest looking 
assembly of young ladies that ever graced the Town 
Hall, and among so much beauty it would be rather 
a delicate undertaking to pick out the belle. 

It is amusing-^ 

To see the gay student work two whole days re- 
juvenating his room and shoveling away the dust. 

To see him meet a pretty young lady at the train, 
and escort her to his room. 

To hear his profuse apologies for the appearance 
of his den, but really he has been "plugging" so 
hard that he could not find time to pick up things, 
and he hopes she will excuse appearances, etc., etc. 

Ivy Day, Bowdoin, 8; Lovells, 8, in 8 innings. 

It is the general opinion among the boys that 
Bowdoin could have downed the Lovells in another 

The Seniors celebrated their last class racket at 
the Tontine, Wednesday evening, June 4th. For 
further particulars vide another column, also Des- 

Despeaux grows livelier as he grows older and 

The boat race, Field Day, was sort of a proces- 
sion. The Sophs easily walked away with the '92 
boys, defeating them by several boat lengths. No 
effort was made for a record on account of rough 
water and the unfavorable tide. 

President Hyde delivered the baccalaureate at 
Fryeburg Academy, June 9th. 

It is a curious fact that only one young man in 
Bates College smokes. No cigarette law need apply 
there. — Lewiston Journal. That " one young man " 
seems to have the power of reproduction by self- 
division when a crowd of Bates students come down 
j to witness a ball game. 



The Colby students of the sterner sex have al- 
ways been vigorously opposed to co-education, and 
the presence of the young ladies, who always man- 
age to take the best rank and in other ways make it 
unpleasant for the boys, has been a cause of trouble 
for the latter. An amusing story is now being told 
of how co-education came to be established at Colby. 
At a meeting of the trustees, the measure providing 
for the admittance of the weaker sex to participate 
in the advantages of the college course was intro- 
duced and, after some discussion, put to vote. Then 
came the ludicrous part of the performance. Each 
trustee, although disapproving of the measure, 
trusted to his neighbor to vote it down and cast his 
own ballot in its favor. Behold the result! Co- 
education at Colby established by a unanimous vote. 

Field and Ivy week presented a queer combina- 
tion of weather. From Sunday until Thursday, Nat- 
ure's face put on a grim and doleful appearance. 
Thursday the old lady condescended to smile on the 
athletes occasionally, while Friday she attended the 
Ivy exercises attired in green verdure and a broad 
and joyous grin. Saturday, however, she again 
veiled her countenance, which up to the time of 
writing has not ventured to reappear. 

A plain granite monument has been placed above 
the grave of the late Professor Avery. 

The project of sending the '91 crew to Quinsiga- 
mond was voted down in the meeting of the Boating 
Association, in Memorial Hall, Monday afternoon. 

Since the last issue a decided change has taken 
place in the base-ball standing. At that time Bow- 
doin was well in the lead, with a very good chance 
of scooping things, while Bates, " the pennant flyer,'' 
was third in position. It was unfortunate that Hil- 
ton's arm should give out at the time it did, for, be- 
yond doubt, with effective pitching our nine would 
have taken the games from M. S. C. and Bates, thus 
placing Bowdoin at the head of the college leasrue. 
As it is, all we can do is to secure second place, and 
unless M. S. C. goes under, Wednesday, even this is 

The University of Michigan has no marking sys- 
tem, class rank, honors or prizes, except the diploma 
of graduation. 

Hanover Freshmen recently asked for shorter les- 
sons. ISTot succeeding, they bolted classes. Each 
member was then notified that he must apologize to 
the President or be suspended. '92 declared that 
they would not apologize, and the other classes stood 
by them. The Faculty gave in and the Freshmen 
went back to shorter lessons. 

'34— Hon. P. W. Chand- 
ler, who has been ill for 
about two years, died at his home on 
Beacon Street, Boston, May 28th. 
Mr. Chandler was born in New Gloucester, 
Me., April 13, 1816. He was fitted for col- 
lege at the Bangor Seminary, and graduated at Bow- 
doin with distinction in the class of 1831, at the age 
of eighteen. Among his classmates were Chief 
Justice Appleton, Rev. Cyrus Hamlin, and George 
M. Weston. He was a liberal benefactor to the col- 
lege, the Cleaveland Cabinet, so called, being fitted 
up by him in memory of Professor Cleaveland. 
In 1867 he was honored by the degree of LL.D., 
from Bowdoin, and in 1871 was made a trustee. Mr. 
Chandler studied law with his father, partly in Bos- 
ton in the office of Hon. Theophilus Parsons, and 
partly at the Harvard Law School. While a student 
in 1836 he became connected with the Daily Adver- 
tiser as law reporter, and early gave proof of his 
legal ability. He was admitted to the bar in 1837, 
and entered upon a law practice which increased 
constantly, and which he carried on for many years. 
He originated in 1838 the Law Reporter, conducting 
it with great ability for several years. Mr. Chandler 
was chosen to the Common Council from ward six 
in 1843-5, and the last two years he was the pre- 
siding officer. In 1846 he was chosen City Solicitor 
which office he held until 1853, when he resigned, 
though he retained his connection with city affairs 
many years, his revision of the city charter in 1854 
being one of his most notable works. He was a 
member of the legislature from 1840-6, and was a 
recognized leader in the House, his extensive knowl- 
edge, his skill in debate, and his thorough knowledge 
of human nature qualifying him for the position in 
an unusual degree. In 1854 Mr. Chandler was 
chosen a member of the Executive Council during 
the governorship of Emory Washburn, and again in 
1862-3 he was in the House, accepting a seat at the 
earnest solicitation of Governor Andrew. As a mem- 
ber of the bar, Mr. Chandler ranked with the 
highest and ablest of his profession, and practiced 
with marked success from the first. He was a 
pleasing speaker, and many interesting stories are 
told of him in connection with his public speaking. 



He was a Whig, and later a Republican, being a 
strong supporter and personal friend of Governor 
Andrew, and his memoir of Governor Andrew writ- 
ten for the Massachusetts Historical Society is one of 
his best productions. Among his other works are 
books upon the bankrupt law and " American Crim- 
inal Trials," in two volumes, and he had for years 
until 1886 been a contributor to the Daily Advertise?', 
of which paper he was at one time the leading pro- 
prietor, to many legal journals, and to Every Other 
Saturday, edited by his son H. P. Chandler. Mr. 
Chandler was a man of sagacity, with much force of 
will, an organizer with great practical ability, both 
in business and politics. In social life he was thor- 
oughly genial, and always ready with an anecdote 
to enliven conversation. Although he was afflicted 
quite early with deafness he did not allow it to cloud 
his life. He was a member of many prominent 
clubs, and a man who will be greatly missed both by 
his college, the community, and his friends. Mr. 
Chandler leaves two sons, Horace P. and Parker C, 
and a daughter Miss Ellen Chandler. Mrs. Chandler 
who was a daughter of Professor Cleaveland, died 
in 1881. 

'00. — Amos L. Allen has been appointed special 
agent of the Treasury Department to prevent viola- 
tion of the contract labor law and to aid custom 
house officers, and is now stationed at Newport, Vt. 

'65. — John B. Cotton, of Lewiston, has been ap- 
pointed Assistant Attorney-General. 

70. — The Frank Leslies Weekly for June 1st 
contains a picture and biographical sketch of Hon. 
Alva S. Alexander, the recently appointed District 
Attorney for Northern New York. 

75. — Seth M. Carter has succeeded to the interest 
of John B. Cotton in the law firm of Frye, Cotton & 

'88. — George F. Cary was married May 18th, to 
Miss Charlotte Coleman of Hartford, Conn. 

I had called in to see her. I cannot now tell 
When it was we had yielded to love's magic spell. 
But yet each had the love of the other divined, 
And her head on my bosom now gently reclined. 

Then that silence so golden, to lovers so old, 
Which is far more expressive than words, we are told 
Like a spell ot enchantment, a dream ever fair, 
In the silence, of evening came over us there. 

Yet that vision of happiness soon fled away, 
Anil I woke with a start which I feci to this day, 
Fur she tenderly said as I sweetly looked down; 
'• V.nir watch ticks the loudest of any in town." 

— Brunonian. 

Like a maiden shyly sweet, 

Creature of the moment's mood, 
Standing with reluctant feet 

On the brink of womanhood. 

Here, with hesitance a-thrill, 

All the happy world in tune, 
Dreamy-eyed and doubting still, 
Fair May yields to fairer June. 

— Brunonian. 

James Russell Lowell is to fill the new lecture- 
ship in poetry at Johns Hopkins, next fall. 

There are one thousand two hundred and twenty- 
nine .students registered at Cornell, an increase of 
two hundred and seven over last year. 

Geo. Bancroft, the historian, is the only living 
member of Harvard, 1817. — Ex. 

The University of Vermont has received a bequest 
of $10,000 for its library. 

The Faculty of Lehigh command that all students 
wear the cap and gown and appear every Sunday in 
collegiate costume. 

The Senior editors of the Yale Neivs receive $250 
to $275 per annum for their work on the paper. 

The Faculty of the University of Pennsylvania 
have forbidden smoking by the students under pen- 
alty of expulsion. — Owl. 

The San Diego College seems to make instruction 
in Music a specialty; it has six professors of this 
art, among whom there is an instructor in Banjo 

Mr. J. D. Rockfeller has offered to donate $800,- 
000 towards founding a Baptist University in Chi- 
cago. This sum will probably be increased to three 

The Boston teachers have formed a mutual bene- 
fit association. 

The trustees of Dartmouth have sent a circular 
letter to all the alumni who received pecuniary aid 
from the college while in attendance, asking them to 
repay the amount received if their circumstances 



Vol. XIX. 


No. 5. 




George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XIX., No. 5— June 26, 1889. 

Editorial Notes 07 

A Face and a Fancy, 70 

Freshman Class Supper 71 

The Tablets in Memorial Hall, 73 

Prof. Robinson's Junior Reception, 74 

A Toast, 75 

Brunswick Sesqui-Centennial 75 

Baccalaureate Sermon by President Win. DeWitt 

Hyde 84 

Class Day, 89 

Class-Day Oration 91 

Class-Day Poem, 94 

Medical Graduation 90 

Parting Address of Medical School 97 

Board of Overseers, 99 

Phi Beta Kappa, 100 

Commencement Day, 101 

President's Reception 10R 

Book Reviews, 107 

Collegii Tabula 110 

Personal HI 

College World, 112 

One of the most significant features 
of the celebration was the constant reference 
which the speakers made to our college. It 
would almost seem that they were celebrat- 
ing the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary 
of Bowdoin instead of the town in which it 
is situated. And truly the memories of the 
old town on the flats and those of the old 
college on the hill can never be separated. 
Nothing could be more flattering than the trib- 
ute received from our distinguished alumnus 
of 'b'O, whose massive and overawing pres- 
ence, heavy, penetrating voice, strong, flowing 
rhetoric, and keen, comprehensive mind made 
him the very rallying point of his party in 
the recent tariff crisis in the House of Repre- 
sentatives. Mr. Reed said : " Many a man 
besides myself can say that to have been grad- 
uated at the college on the hill is one of the 
great good fortunes of his life. Bowdoin has 
many superiors in wealth and size, but for the 
production of men of sound sense, culture, in- 
tellectual grasp, and capacity for affairs, it has 
few rivals and no superior." How the hearts' 
of Bowdoin boj's thrilled with pride and ex- 
ultation at the words of the great orator. 
Ah ! the little eastern college with its twin 
towers, dotted halls, and maple-shaded campus 
was dearer than ever to us on that day. 



The preceding editorial leads logically and 
almost irresistibly to the consideration of 
another, namely, the educating power of cel- 
ebrations and reunions. The cold and sordid 
mind says : " What do they amount to ? " We 
reply : " To you they amount to nothing." 
But who, with the true sensibilities of young 
manhood could listen to the above words 
without feeling his affections deepened, his 
patriotism intensified, and his whole nature 
refreshed and invigorated? It is something 
more than a mawkish sentiment. It means 
the uprising and outflowing of those inner 
emotions which, however impracticable for 
steady fuel, are the gusts and breezes that fan 
us into action. Right along this line come 
the class suppers and society banquets that 
dot our college course, and, later on, the 
class and society reunions that bind us to the 
past. And, indeed, the class spirit, which 
often decried and sometimes overdone, may 
claim an indirect hearing. It is true that 
work, steady and earnest work, is the core of 
life, but it is necessary for the ideal character 
that there be a sprinkling of sentiment. It 
is well that we halt occasionally by the way- 
side to quaff from the spring and rest in the 
cool shade. 

The latest of the series of progressive 
moves which our college has entered into for 
the past three or four years is the adoption of 
the rule that no student shall be allowed to 
enter the succeeding class without his ticket. 
It should be welcomed by every student, for 
the majority of us have not the determina- 
tion and power of voluntary application to 
undertake a term's back work without com- 
pulsion. It has become an unmitigated nui- 
sance, this letting work go from year to year, 
often until the final Senior vacation. How- 
ever much the Faculty may have facilitated 
their own work by this move, their own con- 
venience becomes insignificant when com- 
pared with the boon they confer on forceless 

students. We may writhe a little under the 
unexpected burden, but when we enter on 
the next year's work with light hearts and a 
clear record, we shall bless the measure that 
brought it about. The only criticism to be 
made is that its sudden adoption, without 
notification, comes rather hard on those most 
in arrears. 

We very much regret the mistake of the 
officers, on account of which the Medical 
students withdrew from the procession at the 
recent celebration. "We thought at the time 
that, as a matter of etiquette, they should 
march ahead; for among them are many 
having the degree of A.B.; they are older, 
their course is practically post-graduate, and 
they are nearer active life than we are. To 
be more certain, we have consulted members 
of the Facultjr, who gave the same decision. 

Technically, however, the Classical stu- 
dents were right in holding their position. 
It was so printed on the programme, and the 
Commander-in-Chief of the procession gave 
orders that they should march there. The 
retaliatory measures taken by the Medicals 
and the distorted reports given out to some of 
the Maine dailies, were childish and absurd. 
At the time we were strongly in favor of 
them, but their subsequent conduct has 
brought about a reaction that we cannot 
wholly overcome. 

At one time the intercollegiate base-ball 
pennant was in our very grasp. To-day Bow- 
doin is in the third place. She had a batting 
team that every pitcher feared, and at times 
her fielding was of the first order. She had 
two admirable catchers, one first-class pitcher, 
and another that would have been first class, 
had he been practiced any before the season 
was over. What has been the matter ? 

The first error, and one which Bowdoin 
always persists in committing, was the tardy 
organization of the nine. The members of 



the team were never elected until late in the 
winter, and then largely on the merits of their 
gymnasium practice. The gymnasium is no 
test whatever of a player's ability. The 
proper method to pursue next fall is this : 
As early as the first of the second week of 
the term the officers should be elected, the 
captain chosen, and the nine temporarily or- 
ganized. A series of eight or ten games with 
the best clubs in the State should be arranged, 
and everything set in motion just as eagerly 
as at the beginning of the summer term. 
Those games of the fall term should be 
played " for blood." Every man should be 
given to understand that his election to the 
nine depended on his work at the bat, in the 
field, and on bases, on his steady habits, and 
on his determination to train in accordance 
with the orders of the captain and man- 
ager. So much for the core of the base-ball 

This should be supplemented by a series 
of games between the classes, in order that 
not a single good prayer should, by reticence 
or prejudice escape notice. To facilitate this 
a permanent cup should adorn the library, 
known as the Class Championship Base-Ball 
Cup, and its attainment should be considered 
as much an honor as the Field-Day or Boat- 
ing Cup. 

In addition to these two features, a more 
extended series of games in the fall term for 
the " 'Varsity" and a series of class games, 
there should be a third, namely, a permanent 
and efficient second nine to give practice to 
the " 'Varsity." 

This system should be kept up during the 
fall term, at the end of which the nine should 
be elected and sent into the Gym. 

The second fault with the old regime is 
the society feeling and the partisan method 
of selection. Our scheme for obviating these 
would be this : To have five electors chosen, 
one from each society — men of sound sense 
and good base-ball judgment, whose duty it 

shall be to choose the nine and make any 
subsequent changes. 

At least four pitchers and three catchers 
should be kept in constant training all 

As soon as possible after the close of the 
National League an efficient coacher should 
be engaged, and kept as long as the cash holds 
out. The reason for engaging one early is 
that the pitchers may have as long as possi- 
ble to practice any new curves he may show 

The money should be raised during the 
fall term, and if, in the summer term, there 
be a deficit the paper could again go the 
rounds, for by that time the boys would feel 
liberal again. 

Our plan is, in short, this : to simply 
transfer all preparation of every kind from 
the summer to the fall term. It is always 
easy, at the end of the year, to look back on 
mistakes. Next year, let us commit our 
errors in the autumn, when they don't cost 

We have the opinion of one of the old- 
est, ablest, and most universally respected 
members of our Faculty, one who is not 
given to the making of unwarranted state- 
ments, and whose long connection with the 
college amply qualifies him to judge, that 
there is no truth in the rumor that the late 
Peleg W. Chandler cut from his will a liberal 
donation to Bowdoin. The professor in 
question said that for a number of years 
he had thought Mr. Chandler was not in- 
tending to give anything more to the college. 
We have also learned, indirectly, that the 
same statement comes from others who are 
in a position to know. 

No one will ever gain anything by start- 
ing such rumors. Sooner or later they will 
recoil on the heads of the inventors, who- 
ever they may be. They will not harm our 
institution nor its president. The enemies 



of the college and its representative cannot 
combat the irresistible prestige of a well- 
earned success. 

We would call special attention to the 
review of the General Catalogue of Bow- 
doin College, to be found among the Book 
Reviews. It is compiled by Prof. Little, 
assisted by Miss Lane of the library staff. 
It is the first general catalogue of Bowdoin, 
in English, ever published, and its author 
deserves the utmost gratitude of the alumni 
for so valuable a contribution. 

We are glad that our financial prospects 
enable us to give in this issue the full 
text of President Hyde's Baccalaureate Ser- 
mon. We know that our patrons will 
appreciate it ; and even if their apprecia- 
tion comes not in the form of financial 
gains, we shall have the satisfaction of 
knowing they are all grateful for the oppor- 
tunity of perusing something more than the 
usual cramped and meagre abstract. It 
seems to us of peculiar interest. It shows 
that in the continuous struggle between the 
old and the new, between bigotry and lib- 
erality, Bowdoin College is unhesitatingly 
arrayed on the side of progress. It shows 
that the Clevelands and Packards and Woods 
and Smythes, who have made it what it is, 
are succeeded by men who have the courage 
and capacity to make it what it may be. 
It shows that Bowdoin is abreast of the 
times, that the great current of progressive 
human thought flows just as vigorously up 
here in the north-eastern eddy as in the 
great stream outside. 

By a single bold stroke he has cleared 
away a great deal of the " rubbish " that has 
collected about a great central truth. His 
ideas are not new to the world, but they 
are new to Bowdoin. They have been dis- 
cussed and re-discussed, and the controversy 
is by no means over. But it requires no 

prophet to forecast the result ; it requires 
no very technical knowledge of the details 
even. The half-grown mind of the college 
student can stand back and watch the cur- 
rent, and we venture the statement that, 
while his more learned elders are wrangling 
our technicalities, he will half the time get a 
better idea of the general trend. 

Some, and in fact most, questions require 
an accurate knowledge of the facts to fore- 
tell their outcome, but in great waves of 
thought, where all high intellectuality is 
tending in our direction, only those " who 
having eyes see not " can fail to predict 

The enthusiasm with which President 
Hyde's sermon was received by the students 
is very significant. With that sympathetic 
and almost instinctive insight which is the 
peculiar gift of young minds, they appre- 
ciate that a confutation of its teachings 
would mean a reversal of that great principle 
of progress which is so plainly visible in all 

We are all proud to be members of an 
institution that leaves the ruts of tradition 
and takes a bold stand " in the foremost 
files " of thought. 

She was one of those quiet, musing 
damsels, with large, expressive eyes, an oval 
face, and dark wavy locks. She sat leisurely 
back in the car-seat amid her myriad 
bundles, with an air of unobtrusive yet im- 
pregnable proprietorship hardly to be ex- 
pected in a lonely traveling maiden. I was 
standing in the crowded car casting yearn- 
ing glances at the partially-filled seat oppo- 
site her. Her eye met mine, and something 
like the shadow of a smile played over her 
rich features. She pushed aside the bundle 
and with an almost imperceptible inclination 
of the head, motioned me to be seated. Half 



hesitating and half confident, I did her bid- 
ding. She made no remark, and, after looking 
leisurely out of the window a few minutes, 
opened a dainty satchel that closed with a 
soft click, strangely in harmony with the per- 
sonality of its possessor. She took out a 
small volume and went to reading. I did all 
there was left for me to do — stared and 
thought and studied faces. A sort of un- 
easiness crept over me that I could not ex- 
plain. I felt awkward and out of place, and 
heartily wished for some secluded corner 
where I could study my fair benefactress less 

At length the train shot out of the 
wood, and beyond green vistas and gabled 
villas there spread out before us the great, 
blue ocean. She let the book fall softly 
upon her lap and seemed drinking in the 
scene. Now was iny time. I made some 
axiomatic remark on the view and she 
looked up with a smile that flowed all over 
me, but vouchsafed no reply. I was crushed 
but not broken. After a few moments, sum- 
moning my courage, I again addressed her 
with a straight question that she could not 
avoid : " Are you acquainted in this locality, 
madam ? " Never raising her eyes she 
calmly shook her head, picked up her 
book and went to reading. I was squelched, 
and devoted the next half hour to that 
agonizing menial action familiarly known as 
" kicking one's self." She had such a fine, 
intellectual face, neither pedantic nor girlish, 
such an exquisitely rounded figure, such an 
easy, self-confident air. Once or twice she 
raised her exquisite eyes and caught me 
staring, and my only hope is that she raised 
them as many other times and caught me not 
staring. And thus the train rolled on. 

By and by the conductor came through 
and blurted out some unintelligible name 
and the train slowed up at a quiet country 
village with green lawns, one or two spires, 
and perhaps a half-dozen stores. My fair 

opposite began gathering up her bundles, 
and I eagerly offered my assistance. She 
declined with easy tact and well-turned ex- 
pression that was more grateful than many a 
girl's acceptance would have been. I saw 
her give directions for her luggage and enter 
a phaeton containing a gray-haired lady and 
drawn by a pair of docile, but shining ponies. 
Just as. the train moved out she turned and 
gave me another of those rich, refreshing 
smiles, and we were gone in an instant. 

I do not know her name and probably 
never shall. I cannot guess her occupation 
or circumstances. Perhaps she is the gov- 
erness in some wealthy family, perhaps the 
spoiled and petted daughter of some local 
magnate, perhaps the Boston cousin home on 
a visit to the country friends, and perhaps 

she is the sweet, young wife of some 

other luck}' dog. But let her be what she 
may, that sweet, expressive face with its large, 
beautiful eyes, and rich smile, has been with 
me ever since. But then, we college boys 
are full of fancies, and I presume this one 
will wear off as others have before. 


The class of 'Ninety-Two, appearing for 
the first time with tall hats and canes, and 
with that independent air which is one of 
the most noticeable characteristics of the 
Sophomore, left the Brunswick station Thurs- 
day afternoon, amid the cheering of the upper- 
classmen, in a special car decorated on both 
sides with banners running the whole 
length, bearing in large letters, " Bowdoin, 
' 92." 

The ride to Portland was as jolly as 
possible ; crowds stopped to admire the 
class as they marched from the depot to the 
Falmouth, and several ladies were heard to 
remark that " this was the best looking 
class that had come to Portland from Bow- 
doin for a long time." Any one acquainted 



with Bowdoin students will appreciate the 
value of this compliment. 

At 9.30 the class met in the parlors of 
the Falmouth, and dinner was announced 
shortly after, consisting of the following : 


Little Neck Clams. Mock Turtle (claire). 


Boiled Penobscot Salmon, Egg Sauce. 

Green Peas. Parisienne Potatoes. 

Spring Lamb, Mint Sauce. 

String Beans. Asparagus. 

Browned Mashed Potatoes. 

Sweet Breads, Larded, with French Peas. 

Roman Punch. 

Boiled Spring Chicken (a la Mitre d' Hotel). 

French Salad. Saratoga Potatoes. 


LadyFingers. Macaroons. Chocolate Cake. 

Lemon Cake. Bananas. Oranges. 

Strawberries with Cream. 

Coffee. Cigars. 

When the chairs were pushed back and 
the cigar smoke began to perfume the air, 
President Mclntyre called the class to order, 
and Mr. Linscott was called upon for the open- 
ing address. Mr. Linscott said that " though 
this was the opening of the class supper, he 
hoped that it would also be the opening of 
three years prosperity and warm friend- 
ships." Mr. Thomson, the toast-master, was 
then introduced, and after a few well-chosen 
remarks said that " he intended to give seven 
cans of preserves to some of the members of 
the class to open. They might try to pass 
them for fresh, but in reality they were all 
stale, as they were put up some six weeks 

Mr. Rich had the first can, " The Forest 
City," of which he spoke at some length in a 
very pleasing manner. 

The next can was " 'Ninety-two, " re- 
sponded to by President Mclntyre, who said 
"he was glad to toast a class of which 
Bowdoin College was justly proud." 

Mr. Fobes said in response to the toast, 
"The College," that in that far distant time, 

Freshman year, we had been as mere twigs 
of a tree but now had become a part of the 
tree itself. 

The toast-master said he thought he dis- 
palyed rare judgment in calling upon Mr. 
Wood to respond to the toast, " The steeds of 
'Ninety-two." Mr. Wood began with: 
" Shakespeare had his pen, Napoleon had his 
sword, but we have our horses." He spoke 
long and eloquently, often falling into poetry 
in praise of his noble steeds. In the course 
of his speech he addressed an ode to his 
horse, a la Horace : " earissimus equine ! 
O both my patron and my sweet glory ! 
How can I ever express my gratitude to thee 
for thy kind ministering care ! Thou hast 
ever been ready to assist me in that very 
delightful and most frequent blessing — the 
golden ten-strike. 

Mr. Emery responded to the toast, " The 
Girls of 'Ninety-two," and made some very 
witty hits on those who had spoken before 

In toasting " Athletics," Mr. Merryman 
said that "he thought it one of the most im- 
portant things in a college course, and that 
there was good material in 'Ninety-two. 

The last toast, " Our Relations to 'Ninety- 
three," was well responded to by Mr. Pugs- 
ley, who said that "'Ninety-three should be 
made at home at Bowdoin by 'Ninety-two, 
which he thought could be done without the 
loss of any Sophomoric dignity." 

It was 12.20 when the class adjourned 
to the parlors where the rest of the exercises 
were carried out. 

Mr. Durgin, as an Orator, was excellent. 
He spoke eloquently of the past year, 
touched upon the present moment, and gave 
a bit of good advice for the future. 

The Historian, Mr. Gurney, said that to 
write a history of a class like 'Ninety-two 
was worthy a Prescott or a Mortley, but even 
they could have done no better than he. 

The poem, written by Mr. Perkins, and 



read by Mr. Bartlett, was very unique and 

Mr. Gately, as Prophet, had that peculiar 
faculty of making hits at every one, which 
kept the class in a constant roar of laughter, 
and yet hurt no one's feelings. 

At 2.30 the class dispersed with a few 
ringing yells and some verses of old Phi Chi, 
glad that they were no longer Freshmen, but 
with a shade of regret that the year was so 
soon passed. 


It has, without doubt, been known to our 
readers for some time, that through the 
munificence of Brigadier-General Thomas 
Hamlin Hubbard, our honored alumnus of 
'57, those sons and students of Bowdoin who 
risked or lost their lives in the late civil war, 
were to receive specific and tangible recog- 
nition on the interior walls of the hall 
erected in their honor. 

We learn from the manufacturers, the 
Baynes Tracery and Mosaic Company of 
New York City, that Gen. Hubbard set no 
limit in the price but gave orders for the 
finest thing that the firm could produce. 

The tablets are nine in number, placed 
on the right-hand side of upper Memorial 
as one enters the door. Eight of them con- 
tain the names of the students and alumni 
who took part in the war, and the ninth an in- 
scription reading as follows : 

Here are inscribed the names of those graduates and 
students of Bowdoin College who served in the war 
to maintain the Union in its time of peril, 1861-1805, 
and to perpetuate the government of the people by 
the people and for the people of the United States of 

They are of bronze, mounted on heavy 
tablets of native black marble, and attached 
to the wall by bronze-headed bolts. The 
lettering is modified from the alphabet con- 

tained in the celebrated book on " Propor- 
tion " by the distinguished artist, Albert 
Diirer. They are considerably raised above 
the background, casting an interesting 
shadow. The edges are slightly beveled, 
thus increasing the number of the reflections 
and at the same time breaking them up. 

Those tablets containing the lettering are 
mounted upon still others of native black 
marble, thus forming a border six inches 
wide and receding about two inches. This 
border is adorned with elaborate tracery 
of bronze work. The tracery is in semblance 
of sprays, leaves, and blossoms of those trees, 
shrubs, and flowers which are conspicuous in 
the Pine Tree State. Fully eighty varieties 
are represented, each variety having re- 
ceived a vast amount of thought from artists 
who are entirely American, and all either 
graduates of or students in the leading 
United States schools of art. Among the 
varieties represented are the golden-rod, 
wild aster, several species of oak and maple, 
dog-tooth violet, wild rose, water lilies, 
mountain holly and mountain ash. The 
tracery is oxide instead of the conventional 
glaring bronze, and a careful study reveals 
many a feature that might have been 
omitted, had there been any desire to save 
work or cost. 

They differ from any tablets heretofore 
made in that they are entirely etched, all 
previous ones having been either cast or 
engraved. The superiority of etching lies 
in the fact that it can thus more closely ap- 
proach the original design, and the fact that 
it admits the use of much better metal; 
as for engraving the bronze requires to 
be softened by the addition of lead, and 
for casting the metal used is much more 

Ex-President Joshua L. Chamberlain, and 
Professor George T. Little have rendered 
invaluable assistance in the undertaking, 
the former in the way of botanical infor- 



mation and valuable suggestions, and the 
latter in obtaining the list of names. 

The firm that did the work have won 
our admiration and confidence by their scru- 
pulous punctuality in getting the tablets 
here under circumstances that were as diffi- 
cult as they were urgent. 


The Junior reception at Professor Rob- 
inson's on the evening of the eighteenth, 
was one of those things that lend a peculiar 
variety and charm to one's college course 
and recollections. From the day the Pro- 
fessor extended the invitation in his usual 
inimitable manner, all anticipated the event 
with the assurance that it would be fully up 
to the good times invariably reported by for- 
mer classes. Accordingly, shortly after eight 
o'clock of the appointed night, a large por- 
tion of the class that had accidentally come 
together, hopefully took up their march for 
the attractive new house on Noble Street. 
Considerable trepidation was aroused in 
several bosoms when it was reported per 
exploratores on the corner, that a brilliant 
galaxy of Brunswick's fairest had preceded, 
which report, however, produced a corre- 
sponding elation in the hearts of those whose 
genii have willed them inevitably to conquer. 
Upon arriving at the door, the collegians 
were directed up to the dressing-room by the 
youthful Cupid, sometimes seen assisting 
Father Mars about the laboratory. Thence 
they descended to mingle with the merry 
company already assembled, composed of the 
desirables previously alluded to, together 
with all the Professsors and their wives, nor 
are a leading Brunswick doctor and a divine 
to be forgotten. Surely a more agreeably 
concocted gathering could not be imagined. 
It was rendered practically a Faculty recep- 
tion and everybody found himself at once 
systematically entertained. 

There was soon handed to each individ- 
ual a card, somewhat resembling a dance 
order, with small pencil attached by a tasty 
red ribbon, bearing the following subjects 
for five-minute conversations: 

1. The Recent Celebration. 

2. The Floods in Pennsylvania. 

3. Co-education. 

4. Should Brunswick Become a City ? 

5. " Cheek " as an Element of Success. 

6. Athletics. 

7. Comical Events you have Heard of or Wit- 

8. Vacation Plans. 

Every gentleman was expected to secure 
a different partner for each of the several 
topics, and after a half hour's eager and 
friendly rivalry the programmes were filled. 
The signal for the opening and closing of 
individual topics was the ringing of a small 
bell, and oftentimes did its silvery tones in- 
terrupt many an earnest conversation, that, 
had it been permitted to flow on, might have 
ended — but ah ! we dare not say. 

" Co-education " was, unquestionably, the 
subject most vivaciously discussed by the 
ladies, being unanimously decided in the 
negative (it has since impressed itself upon 
the Juniors that our Faculty co-eds are ab- 
solutely necessary and delightful in every 
way), while the "Floods in Pennsylvania" 
was more seriously considered by the philan- 
thropic Junior mind. 

After the exhaustion of the programme, 
but not of the discoursers, refreshments were 
served — which were followed by singing col- 
lege songs, heartily joined in by all. As the 
boys passed out of the door they collected 
on the lawn, where, without Despeautic inter- 
ference, three rousing cheers were given for 
Professor Robinson, after which they jour- 
neyed campusward, singing " He's a Jolly 
Good Fellow," thoroughly persuaded to the 
belief that this was a most happy termina- 
tion to a year's work in chemistry under 
our good Professor. 



To the town of old Brunswick this toast let us offer ; 
She whose sons oft have perished her freedom to save ; 
Who can boast of full many a fair young daughter; 
And to our dear old college a birthplace once gave. 

May she long be in peace and prosperity growing; 
May her sons and fair daughters continue to be 
Ever loyal and true, let whate'er winds be blowing, 
And as countless on land as the sands of the sea. 


On Thursday, June 13th, our college 
town celebrated its one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary. The weather was fine and the 
day from beginning to end was one grand 
success. At sunrise the slumbering inmates 
of the old college halls were awakened by 
the heavy salutes fired in front of the Con- 
gregationalist church. These salutes were 
repeated on the occasion of the arrival of the 
Governor, and at sunset. 

At seven a.m. occurred the antique fan- 
tastic parade. At 9 a.m. occurred the literary 
exercises, in the First Parish Church on the 
hill, and the platform was covered by many 
men of high station, among whom were Hon. 
T. B. Reed, and the Governor and Council. 
Dr. Alfred Mitchell presided, and opened 
the exercises with an able speech. The two 
features were, of course, the oration by Pro- 
fessor Everett of Harvard, one of Bruns- 
wick's sons, and the poem by our own Pro- 
fessor Chapman. We here insert an abstract 
of the former, while we feel glad to be able 
to present to our alumni and student-patrons 
the full text of the latter. We feel that it 
will enhance the lasting value of the present 


We gather to celebrate the birthday of 
a town. From certain points of view it 
might seem as if this were hardly worth the 

celebrating. The world is full of towns. 
There are hundreds of thousands which no 
man can number. Think how they have 
sprung up all over our country like the grass 
on the prairies. Think how they are spring- 
ing up to-day ; springing up in fluttering 
canvas that in a few months will harden into 
wood, or in a year or two, perhaps, into 
brick or stone. The first flower of the spring 
we greet with delight; but when our fields 
and gardens are full of flowers, how little we 
notice or care for the opening of one or 

A better comparison is suggested by the 
lives of men. Among the uncounted multi- 
tudes of men that throng the earth, there 
are few whose birthday has not an interest 
for some. Each commemorates it for himself, 
and about each is a larger or smaller circle to 
whom it is in some degree sacred. What is the 
birth of an individual to the birth of a town? 
It is the town that makes the life of the indi- 
vidual in any sense possible. It is the town 
that brings a certain refining or elevating 
element into life. Men, it is true, often live 
in the country, happier or better lives than 
are common in the town; but it is the town 
that, to a very large extent, makes such life in 
the country possible. The town is the ganglion 
that receives and dispenses the energy of the 
world. It receives from the country the 
material of living, and sends back refinement 
and stimulus and the sense of a larger life. 

He spoke of the relation of the town to 
the state and the nation ; how towns are the 
units out of which nations are made, and 
how the central government is only repre- 
sentative of the town. 

We have thus looked at the town merely 
in what may be called its external relations. 
When we look at it from within, the sig- 
nificance of the anniversary is still more 
marked. For how many lives does it stand ! 
Of how many tender experiences has it been 
the enfolder ! What gladness of childhood, 



what enthusiasm of youth, what beauty of 
romance, what depths of sorrow, how many 
comedies, how many tragedies have their 
place within it ! And all this is not for one 
generation only, but for generation after gen- 

Not men only, but places, too, have that 
mysterious something which we call "per- 
sonality." I cannot, however, believe that 
it is merely this subjective illusion that 
makes Brunswick seem to us to have a char- 
acter and attractiveness of its own. This 
confidence, perhaps, it would not be easy to 
justify by words. Brunswick has filled its 
place in the state and nation. It has fur- 
nished its share of men who have been prom- 
inent in the State, and the army, and the 
church. We are proud of them to-day. But 
it is not this that gives to its name the 
special significance of which I speak. Per- 
haps it is in part the charm of its situation. 
It is, indeed, surrounded by no magnificent 
scenery of which it is simply an added 

The town is the center to which the nat- 
ure about it is tributary. There is the river 
which curves about it as if with a gentle 
caress. There are the falls in their beauty, 
and the rocks that rise by their side, while 
the noise and jar of mills, and the pun- 
gent odor of the freshly sawed Taoards add 
something to the charm of the scene, so far 
as the practical mind is concerned, and 
hardly lessen it for the lover of the pictur- 
esque. There are the pines that stand in their 
stateliness encircling the village, and there 
is, not far off, the sea, whose breath comes 
softened and strained through the pine for- 
est. Within, there are the broad and shady 
streets and the pleasant mall. There is the 
college yard, sometimes so full of life, but 
in the vacation seeming shut in, as it is by 
its hedge of lofty trees, with its smooth, un- 
broken beauty of grass, with its fair chapel 
and its quiet halls, as if it might be the 

scene of a new story of "some sleeping 
beauty." Behind the college is the spot 
to which many hearts turn with the tender- 
est love ; a peaceful, sunny nook, about 
which stand the solemn pines, together sym- 
bolizing the glad and the sorrowful memories 
that mingle there. 

If from this outward picture we turn to 
the inner life of the place, we recognize a 
population that, to us at least, seems more 
intelligent and refined than that of most 
villages of its type. There have been gen- 
erations of modest and sterling citizens, and 
quiet pleasant homes. When I knew the 
town most intimately there was a society 
that for its charm could hardly be surpassed. 
Think for a moment what the college has 
done for the town in this respect. Think 
what citizens it has brought to us as presi- 
dents and teachers. Bowdoin College, like 
Brunswick, has a character of its own. Here' 
again it may be the result of personal inter- 
est and association, but I confess that it 
seems to stand out from among the colleges 
of its class, if indeed, there are any colleges 
precisely of its class. Think, I say, of the 
men and of the families that it has brought to 
us. There were the early presidents whose 
descendants remained to add to the stability 
and charm of the place. Their features are 
known to us by the familiar engravings. 
McKeen, whose face is marked with mingled 
sweetness and strength, while the thoughtful 
spirituality of Appleton makes itself still 
felt by us in spite of the passing of the years. 
Not to name the living or to go back beyond 
the memory of many of us, what dignity 
and graciousness were added to the town 
by the presence of Leonard Woods! Where 
could we find in these later generations a 
man precisely of his type ? There was a 
mediaeval richness in his nature. Even his 
voice gave some hint of the quality of his 
mind. Of those whom the college has brought 
to us as teachers, I dare not begin to speak. 



The personal characteristics of some of them 
stand out in memory or tradition, as sharply 
defined as those of some work of fiction, 
and some are held to-day in (tender remem- 
brance. The presence of the students, these 
waves of young men coming year after year, 
may be also reckoned among the elements 
that have given to the town its distinctive 
quality. It is pleasant to think how many 
of those who were for a while among us 
will feel a special interest in our celebration 
to-day. From how many widely sundered 
regions of the earth the thoughts turn to us 
of those who remember Brunswick as we 
remember them. 

I have thus attempted, in an imperfect 
way, to explain the characteristics of our 
town which may justify our special feeling 
towards it. Whether it may be thus justi- 
fied or not, the feeling is there, and it is this 
that inspires our gathering to-day. This 
feeling will not be satisfied on an occasion 
like this without a glance backward at the 
history of the town we love. 

He spoke briefly of the prehistoric ages, 
and of the time when only wild beasts and 
savages possessed the region. He then 
sketched at some length the early history of 
the town, and the hardships of the first set- 
tlers, telling how Anglo-Saxon pluck and 
enterprise won its way and made possible 
this fair town. He said in conclusion: 

Civilization, by itself considered, is like a mag- 
nificent body. It is possible for this to be animated 
by a soul, and when this soul is present there is a full- 
ness, a richness, and a loftiness of living that may 
justify the cost at which the triumph has been reached. 
The gain, it will thus be seen, is a possibility not a 
necessity. One may be so entangled in the details, 
may have so narrow an outlook, and such narrow 
aims, even if his position be a fair one, that he shall 
not reach the good which lies at the heart of this nine- 
teenth century. At best, the ideal is but vaguely 
and partially distinguished, and at best what is be- 
held is but partially made real. 

Consider that form of the ideal which we might 
suppose to be most perfectly fulfilled in this Amer- 
ica : the ideal of democracy. How far is this from its 

fulfillment? The fear was once of the tyranny of the 
majority. That peril may exist at some time to 
come ; we have not reached it yet. The tyranny 
from which we suffer is the tyranny of the minority. 
Look at one or two examples. The strike is the 
working-man's one weapon of defense, as it is his in- 
alienable right. When the oppression of capital can 
be no longer borne, then a strike, honestly and ear- 
nestly eutered upon and carried out, may restore the 
social equilibrium, as a thunderbolt restores the 
equilibrium of the atmosphere. How few strikes 
are of this nature! How many simply obey the de- 
mand of a blatant and defiant minority, while the man, 
who under other circumstances would have died to 
preserve his liberty, stands as if bound hand and 
foot and sees the fruits of a life-time vanish, and those 
whom he loves better than himself suffer because 
he does not dare come to their relief. 

Consider the spoils system in our politics. The 
country does not need it. I never heard it urged that 
railroads would be better managed if its employes 
were changed every four years, or oftener, if a change 
in the management has taken place. Is the business 
of our country of less importance than that of a rail- 
way? You and I do not want this system. We 
want our business done in the simplest and most 
straightforward way possible. The two great par- 
• tiesofour country do not want it. They vie with 
one another in the strength of their condemnation. 
The Presidents selected by one or the other of the 
two great parties do not want it. They, too, denounce 
it, and when they yield to its demands, as one of 
them does not, they claim that it is against their will. 
I cannot believe that our heads of departments and our 
Congressmen in general want this system. It over- 
burdens them with work, which to most of them must 
be distasteful, and demands strength and time which 
could better be spent in the legitimate duties of their 
office, though there may be some who are pleased to 
win in this manner an influence which they fear what- 
ever talent they possess might not otherwise obtain. 

Who then does want it ? It is a minority to whom 
politics is a game, which, without this system of 
spoils, is as insipid as to an old gambler is a game 
of cards without stakes. I think it was Charles 
James Fox who said that "the greatest pleasure in life 
next to winning at cards is losing at cards." So these 
men would rather see the spoils distributed by 
a successful opponant, according to the rules of the 
game, than enjoy a victory which would be to them 
barren without this fruitage. More powerful even 
than these is the smaller minority, to whom politics 
in its lowest form is not a game but a business, who 
grow rich by the buying and selling of votes, who 



make bargains and " deals," and who, whatever hap- 
pens, find their gain. It is these who bend parties 
and Presidents and Congresses to their will. It is this 
minority that so far rules over us. 

I do not say this in any spirit of discouragement. 
We are gathered to thank God and take courage. I 
refer to this great burden which rests upon us be- 
cause the occasion itself suggests a hopeful outlook. 
In its early days of weakness and struggle our patri- 
otic little town took the name of Brunswick, and it 
named its fort " Fort George." It honored thus in 
its simple loyalty what was in fact (alas that I must 
say it here to-day), the meanest dynasty that ever 
held the fate of England in its hands. Because the 
occasion brings us face to face with the reign of the 
Georges, 1 may speak of our own civil service with 
encouragement. Think of the state of the civil serv- 
ice of England then, a condition of things which 
makes our civil service of to-day seem clean. Think 
of Sir Robert VValpole at the time when our little 
town was beginning its corporate existence, as the 
representative of the government, meeting members 
of Parliament with open bribes, and rarely if ever 
finding reason to doubt the truth of his often repeated 
saying, "Every one of these men has his price." 
We are told of bribery to-day, but it comes, let us be 
thankful for that, not from the government. Think 
of the time when in England, without such open 
bribes, not even the most needed treaty could be rati- 
fied. Think of George the Third, late even in the 
eighteenth century, managing the affairs of a uation 
according to the methods of a ward politician. Re- 
member, too, that this political corruption did not 
stand alone. Church livings, even Bishoprics were 
given on the same principles of personal or partisan 
service. All this went, at least so far as the upper 
stratum of society is concerned, with social cor- 
ruption. Our political spoils system is a partial re- 
lapse into a single phase of a condition of things, 
such as I have described. Think what time and the 
resolute endeavor of earnest men have accomplished 
in England within the life-time of our town and take 
coin-age; but remember that time alone, without 
such endeavor, can do nothing. 

The great gain of an occasion like the present, is 
that we stand lor the moment in the focus of two 
great lights. We see ourselves in the light of the 
past, and in that of the future. We judge the past, 
and we know that as we judge the past, so the future 
Will judge us. We stand thus iii the presence of an 
ideal partially fulfilled. If is the ideal of a democ- 
racy in whicb, while the minority have their share 
in the direction of affairs they shall not govern the 
majority either by their violence or their cunning. 

We stand in the presence of a yet grander ideal, yet 
more dimly seen; that of a humanity in which is felt 
the power of common life ; in which man as man, is 
felt to have unmeasurable worth. It is this for which 
the arts of our civilization are preparing. It is this 
which our democracy symbolizes. It is this which, 
so far as the worldly life is concerned, is the mean- 
ing of Christianity. It is the presence of this ideal 
and its partial fulfillment which justifies our joy in 
the triumph of civilization over barbarism. It is this 
which condemns us ; but it is this which thrills our 
hearts with hope and courage. That the future will 
judge us, is of itself a prophecy of good; for it means 
that the ideal will one day be more clearly seen and 
have more power over the hearts and lives of men. 

When we turn from that which the town in its 
short history has seen, and that larger life in which 
in the future it will have its part to that which has 
been seen within the town, a different lesson comes 
to us. Whatever the world may have in store, what- 
ever gain in the appliances of life and in life itself, 
there is one thing in which the future can never 
outdo the past. Heroism is always the same. The 
world will never have heroes nobler than those 
which have already lived. Patience and courage 
and self-forgetful energy are alike precious under all 
forms and circumstances of life. To-day we lift the 
heroism of the fathers of our town up from the ob- 
scurity in which their lives were passed, and honor 
it. Let it be an inspiration to our own lives, so that 
when the great light of the future is turned back 
upon our memories, as we turn back the light of 
the present upon theirs, we, in the peace and 
comfort of our homes, shall be seen to be no un- 
worthy successors of those whose strong arms and 
brave hearts conquered for us the wilderness. 


By Professor Henry Leland Chapman, of Bowdoin 


In the sweet tones of music breathes a spell 
Of twofold power to touch the human heart, — 
A spell that Nature weaves, no less than Art, 

Herself an instrument wherein doth dwell 

The harmony of sounds that sink and swell 
In varying chords ; — now suited to impart 
Gladness to life, and now to soothe its smart;— 

A harmony more rich than speech can tell. 

A spell of twofold power, that leads the soul, 
Thro' pleasant melodies, into the land 
Of memory; or with notes more full and free 



Unveils the realm of hope ; so is the whole 
' Of life by subtle concord sweetly spanned. 
The years that have been, and the years to be. 

The river, flowing onward to the sea, 

Sings to itself, and sings to all that hear, 

A pleasant song, alike at work or play ; 

Its foamy fingers sweep, with careless skill, 
The wheel revolving 'neath the busy mill, 

And straight it seems a harp of tuneful key, 

Whose liquid melody beguiles the ear 

That listens to it on a summer's day. 

This is its work ; and when its work is done 

It hurries forth to greet again the sun, 

And gleams and sparkles on its winsome way, 

In all the rapture of unfettered play. 

It ripples o'er the stones, and, like a brook, 

Trills a clear strain of wanton merriment; 
It rests a moment in some eddying nook, 

Crooning an air of undisturbed content; 
With deep-toned mirth it leaps the threatening fall, 
Hearing below the rich melodious call 
Of the full current, in the tranquil pride 
With which it moves to meet the ocean tide. 

But in this changing music of its moods 

We catch the whispered accents of the woods 

Bending to parley with the siren stream 

That flashes by them like some transient dream ; 

We hear the singing birds that dip their bills 

In the cool current; 'mong the quiet hills 

We hear the woodman's axe, in echo ring 

Thro' the still air, and listen to the spring 

Whose tiny voice begins the haunting theme 

That runs through all the music of the stream ; — 

A theme that still invites our feet to roam 

Back with the river to its early home, 

And 'gainst its current, in our thought to glide 

Thro' meadow, hamlet, wood, and mountain-side, 

To the clear rill, whose unforgotten note 

Seems, like a wraith of Melody, to float 

Adown the current, sweetly to compel 

The thoughts of men to yield to memory's spell. 


A solemn cadence thrills the patient shore 
Beaten by tides, and by the waves that break 
Upon it, while their low-voiced echoes wake 

Desire to know the secret evermore 

Held by the sea, yet uttered o'er and o'er; — 
A secret which the wayward clouds partake, 
Drifting across the upper deeps that make 

No answer to the ocean's ceaseless roar. 

It is the secret of the vast Unseen, 

Stretching away beyond our feeble ken ; 

And in the music of the waves we hear 
Hints of far shores, and shrines, and islands green 

Where Hope, the enchantress, dwells, and beckons 

To seek the riches of her unknown sphere. 


O town beloved ! Mistress of our hearts, 

Proud in the beauty that thine age imparts, 

Proud in the reverence that thy children pay 

To thee, in memory of thy natal day, 

Bending a look of recognition sweet 

On us who gather at thy gracious feet 

What shall we offer at thy festal shrine ? 

What but the love that is already thine, 

The loyalty renewed that feeds its fires 

With the fond memories which this day inspires, 

The wishes, that our tongues but faintly frame, 

For added lustre to thine honored name ? 

These be our offerings ; nor wilt thou refuse 

To take them at our hands, while thou dost muse, 

With eyes down-dropt, submissive to the spell, 

In which the past and future seem to dwell, 

The spell of music falling on thine ears, 

Where thou dost sit amid thy thronging years. 

For through the chorus of thy children's praise 
Steals thy fair river's reminiscent song, 

Leading thy thoughts, by sad and sunny ways, 
Back to remembered scenes now vanished long. 

The present fades before thy dreaming eyes, 

And the bright visions of the past arise. 

The pioneers, who tilled thy virgin soil, 

Salute thee, pausing in their patient toil ; 

The captains, from their homeward-speeding ships 

Shout a glad greeting through their bearded lips ; 

Light-hearted youths, in ever-changing throngs, 

Repeat thy name in academic songs ; 

And stalwart soldiers bid thee brave adieu 

As they go forth to join the boys in blue. 

Kindles thine eye with unaccustomed light 

As these fair visions pass before thy sight, 

Summoned by that soft spell the river throws 

About thee, as its constant current flows 

Close by thy side, and chants a low refrain 

That calls the vanished centuries back again. 

While thus thou sittest, wrapped in grateful thought 
Of days departed long, yet not forgot, 
The ocean with its never-resting tide 
And rhythmic passion, presses to thy side, 
Breaks at thy feet, and thrills thy listening ear 



Like the deep voice of some prophetic seer. 
And lo! thine eyes fire lifted, and alight 
With hopes that rise upon the quickened sight, 
Gilding with light the untold years that wait 
To add new beauties to thy queenly state. 

For iike the babe that rode to Merlin's feet 
On a wild wave, the realm's great king to be, 
Floats a fair promise to thy wave-washed seat, 
Borne on the diapason of ttie sea ; — 
A promise of the grace, yet unrevealed, 
That coming years shall to thy presence yield; 
Of gifts more precious from the sunlit skies 
Than those which charm thy backward-turning eyes; 
Of wealth, love, learning, and the happy pride 
Of her whose sons in loyal faith abide. 

So listening to the river and the sea, 
Whose voices blend in sweetest harmony 
Of hope and memory, thou dost seem to greet 
Thine elder sons and future, as they meet 
And join with us, who throng about thee now 
To crown with living love thy radiant brow. 


The procession will long be remembered 
as the best ever yet seen in Brunswick, and it 
was in every way a marked success, and did 
much credit to those who composed it. There 
were in the procession seven divisions, as 
follows, each under the care of a marshal and 
aids : 


Chief Marshal Townsend and Aids. 

Collins' First Regiment Band. 

Vincent Mountfort Post, G. A. R. 

Chamberlain Guards. 

Invited Guests and Citizens, in Carriages. 

Pejepscot Wheel Club. 


F. H. Wilson, Marshal. 

Faculty of Bowdoin College, in carriages. 

Students of Bowdoin College. 


E. C. Day, Marshal. 

School Committee, Teachers and Pupils of the Public 

Schools, in barges. 


St. John's Band. 
Brunswick Fire Department. 


I. H. Danforth, Marshal. 
Drum and Fife. 



Industrial Exhibits. 

The students made a good showing, but 
did not turn out in as large numbers as 
might have been desired. Their ranks com- 
prised portions of the three lower classes, and 
in front was borne a white silk banner with 
the inscription in gold : 

Bowdoin College 

and each class also bore a streamer displaying 
their class colors. 

The Juniors were clad in cap and gown, 
and excited much favorable comment. The 
Sophomores upheld their dignity with the 
traditional tall hats and canes, while the 
Freshmen wore no distinctive dress, but with 
a peculiar appropriateness carried umbrellas. 
Owing to a slight inadvertency the Medical 
students did not take part. 

The Wheel Club made a fine display, and 
deserve much credit. The public schools 
well earned the praise they received for their 
part in the procession, and the floats were 
numerous and well gotten up, adding greatly 
to the appearence of the whole. 

The procession started at noon, and passed 
over the following route : Down Main to 
Mason, through Mason to Federal, to Bath, 
through Bath to Potter,, to Union, down 
Union to Lincoln, to Main, up Main to 
O'Brien, to High, to Cushing, down Gush- 
ing to Pleasant, down Pleasant to Main, to 
railroad crossing, to Park Row, to Main, to 
Bank, to Federal, where it was dismissed. 

It was three o'clock when the five hun- 
dred occupants of Town Hall had finished 
the bounteous repast. Dr. Alfred Mitchell 
called the company to order, and after a few 



appropriate remarks, called upon Mr. Frank 
E. Roberts to respond to the toast, " The 
Town of Brunswick." 

He was followed by Governor Burleigh, 
on " The State of Maine." In the course 
of his preliminary remarks, before directly 
approaching his subject, he said : 

The large beneficial influence of Bowdoin College 
to Maine in rearing so many of her sons for the pro- 
fessions and in maintaining the standing of our pop- 
ular institutions of education, proves its inestimable 
value, not only to Brunswick, but to the entire State. 
I may be allowed to express my regret that it was 
not permitted me to share the discipline and stimu- 
lating advantages of this institution, which has been 
the nursery and classic home of so many distin- 
guished literary and public men, but I have given 
my earnest appreciation of its great importance in 
that I have sent to be taught by its honored profes- 
sors those in whom I have reason to cherish the 
dearest regard of blood and affection. 

The next toast was " Our Country," 
responded to by Congressman Dingley. In, 
concluding he made a good-natured thrust at 
our much-honored alumnus of '60, whose 
subject was "All Creation." Mr. Reed said : 

I am sorry, ladies and gentlemen, to be obliged 
to commence what 1 have to say by an apology. I am 
sorry to bo obliged to say to you that my presence 
here to-day was one of the reasons why Governor 
Dingley was not born in Brunswick. [Laughter.] 
I remember, some little time ago, sitting in the rain 
for some fifteen minutes while the Governor paid a 
beautiful, touching, and eloquent tribute to the town 
of his birth — the town of Unity, in Waldo County. 
[Laughter.] I found, to my astonishment, a few 
months ago, that the Governor was also born in 
the town of Durham, in Androscoggin County. 
[Laughter.] And nothing but my presence here, I 
say again, has prevented you from having or rather 
sharing the honor of its being his birthplace. [Great 
laughter.] I felt, therefore, that [ ought to be apolo- 
getic, for in history it will be a great honor to any 
town in this State to have even shared the reputation 
of being the birthplace of Governor Dingley. 

I had prepared myself somewhat for personal 
reminiscences in regard to Brunswick by getting up 
at half past four this morning, but to my astonish- 
ment I found that, contrary to what was the case when 

I was in college, it is light at that early hour. My 
recollection of the getting-up time in Brunswick is 
that it was always dark. But we seem to have 
changed that now, and I am unable, therefore, to go 
into the reminiscent vein. 

I am only going to trouble you with some general 
observations which I regret to state I have not had 
the opportunity of preparing. But it seemed to me, 
as I was listening to the oration of Professor Everett 
to-day, that even if you leave out of account the 
record of the rocks to which he referred, and take 
into account only written history, that one hundred 
and fifty years, or even two hundred and fifty years, 
is a small period of time to take much account of. 
If it were antiquity alone that we were celebrating 
to-day, it would not be worth either the trouble or 
the expense, but these celebrations take deeper root 
upon the human heart than the mere lapse of years. 
They touch our souls because they are instinct not 
with years, but with humanity. 

I suppose that it is the dream of every educated 
American who has not already done so, to travel 
beyond the seas in lands of historic glory. We do 
not desire to go there simply because years have 
rolled over the mountains and the valleys and the great 
structures of architecture. Our mountains are as old, 
our buildings are as fine, and yet they have not to us 
that attraction which they have abroad. With our 
mountains are not connected, as with the Alps, the 
passage of Hannibal and the triumphal march of 
Napoleon. Our capitol at Washington can take its 
place in grandeur and in beauty alongside any pal- 
aces of the past, but it is not yet thronging with asso- 
ciations of great men, of brave men, and of noble 
women. That is what gives the attraction to the 
human heart in those buildings of the historic 
countries. What makes Westminster Abbey beloved 
of us all ? It is not the grandeur of the stones piled 
upon each other to the top of the pinnacle and the 
summit of the towers ; it is not the beautiful tracery 
of the windows nor the rich light of the stained glass. 
It is because it is the home of England's noblest dead. 
Wherever you have the touch of humanity, wherever 
you connect scenes with the deeds and doings of men 
who have lived and fought and suffered as we are 
doing, the chain is beyond the power of breaking to 
the human being. Hence it is that these celebrations 
have such a hold upon our hearts. It brings before 
us the deeds and doings of those who have made life 
easier for us by their sacrifice in the past. It is no 
discredit for a town to be a mere spot upon the sur- 
face of the earth, when it is lighted up by some deed 
of human heroism or human self-denial, and it adds 
to our strength as a people and as a nation to fill our 



minds with the associations of noble deeds connected 
with our towns and with all our localities. 

Therefore it is that I hail with pleasure any such 
scene as this. I believe that the great deeds of the 
past are incitations to us forever for noble deeds to 
the future, and the history of Brunswick is full of the 
same. These celebrations also bring up to us the 
associations which make life pleasant and happy. 
There is to me no more pleasant thought than that I 
belong to the list of those who were graduated at the 
noble college on the hill. It is not so great as many 
a university. It is not so famous as many a college ; 
but for the production of men of sense, of culture and 
of learning, it has almost no equal, and I venture to 
say, no superior. [Applause.] 

One sentence more and I am through. It ought 
to be the effort of every citizen of Brunswick to do 
his best that the generation which makes the next 
celebration will be able to speak as well of you as 
we who talk to-day can of those who are dead and 
buried now. [Applause.] 

President Mitchell then called upon Pres- 
ident Hyde to respond to the toast, " Bow- 
doin College." 

President Hyde outlined the founding 
and growth of the institution, and spoke of 
the reciprocal benefits town and college had 
received by contact. " Many of the sons of 
Brunswick have received a collegiate educa- 
tion here, and some of the daughters, though 
detained from the classical course, have 
become daughters-in-law of the college, and 
have it to thank for loving husbands and 
pleasant homes." [Applause.] - 

This was fittingly followed by a toast, 
" Town and College," responded to by Pro- 
fessor Everett of Harvard University. In 
the course of his remarks'he said: 

My first memory of the relations between the 
college and town is, perhaps, hardly creditable. 
There have been the French and Indian wars and the 
war of 1812; but historians have not given sufficient 
attention to the " Yagger war." I remember once, 
when a small boy, my father was called upon one 
evening to assist President Woods in quelling a 
"Yagger war," which were at that time rather dan- 
gerous and decidedly unpleasant. President Woods 
at one time reprimanded a student for taking part in 
such a scrimmage, and for throwing rotten eggs. 
The student is reported to have disclaimed the epi- 

thet "rotten," and to have said the eggs were good 
ones. But the president said that he could answer 
for it that one egg at least was not good, as it came 
within dangerous proximity to his nose. 

The toast, " The Maine Medical School," 
was responded to by Dr. I. T. Dana of Port- 
land, as follows : 

In 1820 the Medical Faculty was com- 
posed of Parker Cleav eland and Nathan 
Smith, of New Haven, very distinguished 
men. Each one of them taught in many 
departments. The school was held in the 
upper story of Massachusetts Hall. The 
quarters there were very cramped. Dr. Dana 
remembered that the quarters were so 
cramped that the tall men used to sit in the 
end seats, where they would get up occasion- 
ally and stretch their legs down the aisle. 

The deportment of the school was good 
when Dr. Dana knew it; but there were tra- 
ditions of feuds with the town people. Dr. 
Woods had once said that the time was 
when the coming of the medical class was 
a terror, " but now, gentlemen," Dr. Woods 
had continued, "you are a model to us all." 

Speaking of Parker Cleaveland, Nathan 
Smith, R. D. Mussey, Fordyce Barker, E. R. 
Peasley, and Willis Warren Green, the 
speaker said it would be hard to find, con- 
nected with the staff of any medical school 
in the country, six more eminent names than 

In 1820, when the school was founded, 
there were few in the country, not over three 
others. Most of the doctors practicing were 
graduates of no school, but had studied with 
older doctors. The school did much, as soon 
as it got to work, to elevate the character 
of the profession throughout Maine. [Ap- 

President Mitchell paid tribute to Con- 
gressman Boutelle by introducing him as the 
hero of Albemarle and a distinguished jour- 
nalist and statesman : 

I might say in the borrowed language of days gone 
by, I came not here to talk, but I am afraid that John 



Furbish and Charley Townsend might say I was 
trenching too much on the speech of the past. But 
I have come here simply and solely to rejoice with 
you on this occasion. While I have not the honor to 
claim Brunswick as the city of my nativity or of my 
present residence, I cannot forget that for nearly 
twenty years this village represented everything 
included in the word home. 

Great changes have taken place here, not only in 
one hundred and fifty years, but in the short time 
since I have known the town; and if you should wish 
to present a picture of the contrast, I do not think 
you could do better than bring that old town hall that 
I knew and put it up here in a corner of this. 

I was not a graduate of Bowdoin College, much 
as I should be pleased could I point to that honor, 
but I was not without a course of study in this old 
town. Well I remember the school kept by Aunt 
Susy Owen down here in the old yellow house on the 
corner of Main and O'Brien Streets. And I remem- 
ber how the task was carried on by her daughter. 
Then I remember well Susan Springer, Amanda 
Knight, the sisters Hinckley, and Miss Owen, whom 
I see here to-day. [Applause.] 

I admire the spirit and work of those teachers 
who whipped into semblance of order the unterri- 
fied young cubs of that day. There were Leonard 
Townsend, Charles Francis Adams, and Jonathan 
Adams, whom I am glad to have as a fellow-citizen 
in Bangor. 

I might also speak of the contrast of the school- 
houses between that day and this, than which nothing 
could show better the progress of this town. 

Mr. Boutelle then spoke of Brunswick's 
enterprise and prosperity, making especial 
reference to the ship-yards, and in conclusion 
wished the town a continuance of the bless- 
ings of the past. 

Rev. E. C. Guild spoke for " The Clergy- 
men of Brunswick." He said : 

When I first came to Brunswick, as a stranger, I 
found it rather hard to get acquainted with the peo- 
ple ; I found it rather hard to get inside of the Bruns- 
wick families. But I also found that when you had 
once gotten in you never wanted to get out again. 

The stability of good things here in Brunswick 
has always been very noticeable to me. It is a very 
beautiful thing to see the affection still for such men 
as Professor Smyth, Dr. Lincoln, Dr. Adams, and 
President Woods. Another thing which has struck 
me about Brunswick is the difficulty of getting the 

people to support a new movement, but if they once 
get interested in a thing it is sure to be done. 

Owing to the absence of Weston Thomp- 
son the " Lawyers of Brunswick " was not 
responded to. 

Dr. Wheeler spoke for " The Physicians 
of Brunswick." The remainder of the exer- 
cises consisted in remarks by Mr. Howard 
Owen, a toast, " The Farmers of Brunswick," 
responded to by Mr. Holbrook, and the 
prophecy, by Mr. Isaac Plummer. 


Presumpscots, 11; Boiodoin, 10. 
In the meantime a ball game had been be- 
gun on the delta, which resulted as follows : 


A.B. R. E. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, lb 4 4 2 3 11 1 

Freeman, 2b 5 2 1 1 2 1 1 

Fogg, c.f., 4 2 1 2 1 1 1 

Thompson, r.f 5 2 3 3 

Fish, c 5 1 2 2 1 3 2 

Newman, l.f., 4 4 1 1 

Andrews, 3b., .... 4 1 2 3 2 

Stevens, p., 5 7 

Prentiss, s.s., 4 2 6 

Totals 40 10 8 11 24 18 14 


A.B. K. B. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Morton, lb., c, .... 5 3 2 2 10 1 

Webb, p 5 2 1 1 9 

Batchelder, 2b., lb., ..5211520 

Files, l.f., 5 1 2 1 1 

Campbell, s.s., .... 4 1 1 1 3 

Elkins, c, r.f., .... 4 2 

Smith, c.f 3 1 1 

Wilson, 3b., 4 1 3 4 2 2 2 

Clark, r.f 3 1 

Harmon, c, 2b. 1 1 5 2 

. Totals 39 11 8 9 27 20 5 

Earned runs— Bowdoin, 4; Presumpscot, 1. Base on 
balls— Bowdoin, 7; Presumpscot, 1. Struck out by Stev- 
ens, 6; by Webb, 3. Stolen bases— Bowdoin, 11; Presump- 
scot, 6. Two-base hits — Thompson, Packard, and Wilson. 
Double plays— Files and Harmon. Passed balls — Fish, 
1; Morton, 1; Harmon, 1. Wild pitches— Stevens, 2; 
Webb, 2. Umpires — Messrs. Brown and Downes. Scor- 
ers-Messrs. Gurney and Cloudman. Time of game— 3 
hours 40 minutes. 


In the evening the old town was lurid 
with pyrotechnic art, while the interior of 



the new and elegant Town Hall was magnif- 
icently draped by Boston decorators, and 
brightly astir with dancers. The feature of 
the fire-works was a design : 


^ ISO * 

The music for the hop was furnished by 
Chandler of Portland. The floor was cov- 
ered by the Slite of Brunswick society and 
college gallants. It was gratifying to see 
town and college merged in the dizzy whirl, 
and enthused by common patriotism and 
common pleasure. It is indeed surprising 
that an occasion entirely free of cost should 
have been so exclusive. Whether it was 
due to the efforts of the committee or not 
we are uninformed. 


1. March and Circle. 4. Boston Fancy. 

2. Quadrille. 5. Portland Fancy. 

3. Lady of the Lake. 6. Virginia Reel. 

7. Lanciers. 
Extras (4), All Round Dances. 

Committee — J. W. Curtis, B. L. Dennison, Barrett 
Potter, O. T. Newcorab, T. H. Riley, G. L. Thomp- 
son, G. D. Parks, G. PL Coombs, C. D. Gilman. 

Before the commencement of the hop, a 
concert was given by the Bowdoin Glee Club 
and the Orchestra. 


By Wm. DeWitt Hyde, President of Bowdoin 

Delivered be/ore the Class of 'SO, at the Congregalionalist 
Church, Brunswick, Me. 

Render unto Ciesar the things that are Cscsar's, and 
unto God the tilings that are God's. Mark xn : 17. 

No individual potentate to-day seeks to divide 
our allegiance between himself and God. We are 
not called upon to decide between the rival claims 
of a theocracy and an empire. The separation of 
state and church is so complete that there is little 

occasion to enforce the particular precept which our 
text sets forth. Yet there is over us all, to-day, a 
great secular power, mightier than the mightiest of 
the Csesars, whose sway extends beyond what were 
the farthest boundaries of Imperial Rome, the prog- 
ress of whose conquering legions neither walls, 
nor arms, nor tears, nor flags of truce can stay. 

This secular power is Science. And there are 
not wanting Pharisees and Herodians in our day to 
put to us the question respecting this or that hypothesis 
of physical science, or result of Biblical criticism, or 
counsel of political economy, the puzzling question : 
Is it lawful to give adherence to this view? Is it legiti- 
mate for a Christian to believe that man descended 
from the lower animals by natural selection and the 
survival of the fittest in the struggle for existence 
through ages of unrecorded time ? May a man 
regard the Pentateuch, in its present form, a prod- 
uct of the age of Ezekiel and Ezra ; the book of 
Jonah an instructive parable ; the book of Daniel a 
pious and patriotic exhortation to the contemporaries 
of the Maccabees, and the authorship of Matthew 
and the Apocalypse uncertain, and still be a loyal 
servant of God and follower of Christ? Can a man 
stand ready to accept whatever restriction of the 
state, in the interest of individuals, or whatever lim- 
itations upon the individual, in the interests of so- 
ciety, social science may prove to be expedient, and 
at the same time be a Christian ? 

These are questions which have been asked, are 
being asked, and will be asked with unceasing 
urgency and importunity. To them all we have the 
final and conclusive answer, in the spirit of our 
Lord's reply, which, applied to our modern problem, 
would be : Render unto science the things of science, 
and unto God the things of God. 

First, render unto physical science the facts and 
laws of the physical world. Render to geology the 
structure of the earth, its age and process of forma- 
tion ; to astronomy the movements of the heavenly 
bodies, and the history of the solar system ; render 
to biology the functions, structure, and mutual re- 
lationships of living organisms. Recognize that 
on all these matters science is the absolute and final 
authority, and do not commit the wretched folly of 
setting up passages of Scripture against the clear 
and demonstrated verdict of physical science, on any 
single point. The record on the rocks is older than 
any record on parchment or papyrus, and if read 
aright is far more reliable on scientific matters than 
any verbal communication in documents, sacred or 
profane, can be. As a matter of fact neither the 
Old Testament nor the New Testament were intended 
to teach strict science, in the modern sense of the 



term, and hence no conflict between physical science 
and revelation is possible. 

There cannot be two truths about the same matter 
of fact, and there is no authority conceivable by the 
human mind, not even the ipse dixit of God himself 
or of his accredited messengers, that can gainsay, or 
disprove, or overthrow a well attested, thoroughly 
established fact of physical science. From the time, 
fifteen or twenty million years ago, when, if the 
nebular hypothesis be correct, sun and earth, planets 
and satellites were one vast cloud of heated gas 
diffused throughout the entire space now occupied by 
the solar system, down to the time, five or ten million 
years hence, when condensation and contraction shall 
have made, first, our earth as cold and lifeless as our 
present moon, and then the sun itself as dark and 
rigid as the earth, from first to last physical science 
is the sole authority for the history of past physical 
facts, and the prophecy of future physical events. 

It is high time to recognize, once for all, that the 
age of the earth, the process of its formation, the 
origin of species, the history of the forms of life that 
have lived upon it, and their successive modifica- 
tions ; the relation of man to the lower animals ; in 
general, the whole modus operandi by which the 
Author of the world made it what it now is, fall 
within the domain of physical science, and unto 
physical science it is our duty to render them. 

Second. Biblical criticism is the science which 
deals witli the authorship, date, structure, and inter- 
pretation of the sacred Scriptures. The notion that 
the Bible was a ready-made product of magic or 
miracle has no place in any enlightened mind to-day. 
The Bible is a collection of books written under all 
sorts of circumstances, by a great variety of persons, 
and in many distinct literary forms. Biblical criticism 
undertakes to tell us when each book, or portion of a 
book was written, by whom it was written, where 
the materials of which it is composed came from, to 
whom it was addressed, and what the writer in- 
tended his composition to accomplish. For instance, 
respecting the Pentateuch, it asks whether these 
books were written in substantially their present form 
by Moses, in the fifteenth century before Christ, or 
whether the law of Israel grew under the Divine 
guidance from century to century, until it was finally 
given its present shape in the days of Ezekiel, Nehe- 
miah, and Ezra. 

It asks whether the last portion of Isaiah was 
written by the author of the first portion, or by a 
later preacher of righteousness. It asks whether it 
was the intent of the ancient authors, or the stupid- 
ity of modern readers which has given rise to the 
notion that the books of Job and Jonah are to be re- 
garded as literal descriptions of historical events, 

instead of dramatic and parabolical representations 
of spiritual truths. It recognizes the fact that the 
gospel story, like Israel, had its forty years' sojourn 
in the wilderness of oral tradition, and asks to what 
extent the narratives are affected by that undisputed 

It discriminates those epistles which are be}-ond 
a shadow of doubt the work of the author to whom 
they have been attributed, from those which may 
have been written by devout disciples who, accord- 
ing to the recognized custom of the time, used the 
name of an apostle to give currency to what were 
understood to be his views and principles. 

These questions are questions which beltfng 
strictly to the science of Biblical criticism. They 
are to be decided solely upon the evidence which 
that science furnishes. They are to be decided 
finally upon the authority of specialists in that 
science, just as the questions of chemistry, biology, 
and astronomy are to be decided finally by spe- 
cialists in their departments. And, as long as there 
is no substantial agreement among specialists in 
historical criticism, as on many of these questions is 
the case at present, they are to be regarded as 
open questions, and the honest man will wait with 
patient interest until the verdict is declared. 

Biblical criticism is the only authority on these 
matters, and if any priest, minister, or layman, coun- 
cil, synod, or assembly, undertakes to tell us what 
we must believe on these matters, on any ground 
other than the evidence which historical and Biblical 
criticism affords, they are assuming prerogatives 
which do not belong to them. They are bidding us 
render unto religion what reason and common sense 
bid us render unto science. 

Render unto Biblical criticism all these matters 
with impartial mind, and await the issue with pa- 
tience and confidence, for unto Biblical criticism these 
things belong, and the truth, whatever it may prove 
to be, will not work lasting harm to God or to his 

Third, social science. The great fundamental 
fact about man is that he has two sides to his nature, 
one particular, the other universal ; one animal, the 
other intellectual and ethical ; one natural, the 
other spiritual; one individual, the other social. 
The complete and final adjustment of these centrif- 
ugal and centripetal forces has not yet been wrought 
out. There is no likelihood that its solution will 
be sought in the United States to-day by the violent 
methods of France in 1789. And yet the world 
will never again rest easy until, especially in the 
industrial sphere, some very considerable improve- 
ment on the existing order is attained. Some look for 
the solution to individualism; and would tone down 



individualism by profit shaving, by voluntary co-opera- 
tion, by benevolent associations and comprehensive 
charities on every side. Others look to socialism ; 
but all wiser socialists are beginning to see that, so- 
cialism would have to be toned up to self-reliance 
and self-sacrifice before it would be endurable ; and 
the tonics which are to do this work have not yet 
been discovered. On this question of the ideal social 
order, I have no particular scheme to indorse. But 
I do say this : These questions belong to social 
science, and by social science they are to be decided. 
The measures are to be considered on their merits ; 
tested by all the methods known to science, and ac- 
cepted or rejected according as they harmonize or 
fail to harmonize with the facts of human nature, the 
conditions of human society, and verified economic 

The questions, what particular modes of taxation 
are best; what kind of property shall be taxed; to 
what objects money raised by taxation shall be ap- 
propriated ; to what extent the nation shall enter 
into industrial, educational, and moral operations, 
are purely scientific questions. They are to be set- 
tled by calm and thorough scientific investigation. 
The verdict must be rendered on scientific, not on 
religious grounds. No man has a right to speak on 
the question of what subjects shall be taught in the 
public schools; what temperance amendment shall 
be added to or subtracted from a constitution ; what 
kind of property the State shall tax, and in what kind 
of enterprises it shall engage, in any other name 
than in the name of social science. 

Render unto social science the determination 
of all these matters, for unto social science they be- 
long. To appeal to any other tribunal is a confes- 
sion that you have lost confidence in the truth and 
justice of your cause. The social order that cannot 
justify itself at the bar of social science is doomed. 
For social science is the God-given, God-ordained 
authority for the settlement of social questions. 

Thus far science holds her rightful sway supreme. 
We have given the secular its due. In giving this 
large sphere over to secular science, have we been 
robbing God ? Is there not left enough for religion ? 
Let us see what things remain which we are to ren- 
der unto God. 

Let us then for the sake of argument grant every- 
lliing that science can ever rightfully claim in these 
three spheres ; remembering that whatever remains 
unclaimed by science is to be rendered unto God in 
religious worship and service. 

First, again, let us take physical science. Let 
us grant that the solar system was once a fiery mist; 
and that moon and earth and sun are destined some 

day to swing through space frigid, dark and dead. 
Let us recognize that by gradual stages the earth has 
assumed its present form ; and that by the uplifting 
force of fire within, and the denuding action of air and 
water without, the continents have assumed their pres- 
ent outlines. Let us give to environment, and varia- 
tion, and natural selection all that is claimed for them 
in differentiating species from species. Let us accept 
as highly probable, the origin of man from some race 
of apes now extinct. Let us recognize the presence 
of unvarying law throughout the universe. 

Does the knowledge of these facts and the recog- 
nition of this law include the whole of man's relation 
to the physical universe? Does it answer all his ques- 
tions about it? Does it satisfy his whole mind and 
heart and soul as he stands before it? Oh ! no. 

The more we know of the universe, the more we 
wonder whence it came? and how it exists? and 
whither it is tending? And the more fully we find 
the universe to be permeated by thoughts that we 
can think out, and governed by laws which we can 
formulate, the more profoundly is the conviction 
borne in upon us that the thought, intelligence, and 
reason manifested in nature is akin to the thought, 
intelligence, and reason that is in us. Thence it is 
but a step to the conclusion that the source of the 
rationality and orderliness of nature is not inferior 
in dignity to the principle of reason and intelligence 
in us. Hence if we, as rational intelligences, call our- 
selves persons, and if personality is the crowning 
glory of our humanity, surely He who is the source 
of the infinite reason expressed in nature and reflected 
in our finite minds can not be less than personal. 
And so, not primarily by prodigies and marvels, but 
by the more prodigious and marvelous uniformity, 
and universality of reason and law do we rise to the 
conception of an Infinite Thought, an Absolute Will, 
a Universal Reason ; to the recognition of a Supreme 
Person ; to a belief in God. 

And because He is great and glorious, and wise, 
and beneficent beyond all power of language to ex- 
press, or thought to grasp, we owe to Him the awe 
and reverence, the gratitude and devotion of humble 
minds and thankful hearts. Render then to science 
all the facts, all the formulas by which the facts are 
grouped together ; yes all the theories about the mo- 
dus operandi by which the facts were made as they 
are. And having done all that fully and fairly, do 
not omit to render unto God the worship due from 
frail, finite creatures to the Infinite, All-Wise, Benev- 
olent Creator who made the world so wondrous in 
its harmony and so glorious in its beauty ; do not 
omit to render unto God the homage due from im- 
mortal souls to the Author of their being, who has 



endowed them with capacities of thought and will 
and feeling like his own and made them in the image 
of his own rational and spiritual nature. 

Second, Biblical criticism. It is unfortunate that 
here claims have been made in the name of Biblical 
and historical science, which were entirely unwar- 
ranted and which have aroused a needless degree of 
alarm and prejudice. 

The myth theory, the legend theory, the tend- 
ency theory, with the necessary accompaniment of a 
very late date for the composition and very unrelia- 
ble origin of the New Testament writings, all claimed 
in the name of Biblical criticism positions which 
that science has itself been forced to abandon. 

Let us admit however all that is claimed with ap- 
proximate unanimity by the higher criticism. 

Let us regard the Mosaic legislation as akin to 
the English rather than to the American constitution 
in its process of formation ; as the growth of centu- 
ries rather than the product of an individual or a gen- 
eration. Let us regard as dramatic, poetical, picto- 
rial, and parabolical all that gives evidence of such 
a nature in its literary style; let us admit that some 
things which we have called prediction may have 
been delivered as pious and patriotic exhortation at a 
later date. Coming to the New Testament let us 
acknowledge frankly that the gospels were preserved 
for forty years more or less in the form of oral tradi- 
tion within the early church ; and that inaccuracies, 
extensions, and omissions on matters of external de- 
tail may have befallen the story while it existed in 
that form. Let us acknowledge that several of the 
epistles are of uncertain date and authorship ; and 
that the formation of the canon was a process of 
slow and gradual selection rather than sudden and 
miraculous supervision. 

When, however, your critical sifting is concluded, 
and your critical results are attained, have you done 
with the Bible? Have you by this process exhausted 
its meaning, and appropriated its truth? Far from 
it. You have only cleared away a little of the rub- 
bish that has gathered around it. You are then just 
ready to begin to use the Bible for its chief purpose 
and to appreciate its priceless worth. There remains 
the lofty ideal of righteousness set forth in the Old Tes- 
tament ; the certainty that obedience to God in right- 
eousness will be rewarded, if not with prosperity 
and plenty at all times, yet with peace of conscience, 
purity of heart, and nobleness of character; and that 
sin and wrong and oppression are doomed to both 
speedy ruin of fortune and inevitable destruction of 

There remains the manifested God in the person 
of the Jesus of the Gospels. Some things tradition 

can originate. It. is fertile in the invention of artifi- 
cial prodigies and extraneous embellishments. But 
tradition never has invented, and never could invent 
a character, a spirit, a person so symmetrical, so 
complete, so holy, so thoroughly human, that the 
world would ever after see in it the portrait of its 

The picture of Jesus given to us in our gospels is 
not an abstract catalogue of virtues, or a collection 
of complimentary adjectives. It represents a life, 
lived in concrete human conditions, brought in con- 
tact with all sorts of living men and women, dealing 
with the most perplexing problems of human exis- 
tence, associating with hypocrites and pretenders, 
extortioners and sinners, as well as with the true 
and humble, and upright and virtuous ; and in all 
these manifold relations ; subject to flattery and fawn- 
ing ; offered partnership on profitable terms with 
pride and pretense ; called on to condemn the mani- 
festly guilty ; surrounded by disciples who were 
very slow to understand Him ; watched by ene- 
mies who were eager to betray Him ; exposed 
to every type of test and trial known to human 
experience ; and yet throughout all there is man- 
ifested the bearing, the teaching, the conduct, the 
spirit which is in every case perfectly expressive 
of self-sacrificing, sympathetic, holy love toward 
God, and toward every man, in so far as he is -worthy 
to receive it. If it be true that God is love, and that 
no man hath seen Him or can see Him except as he 
sees love embodied and expressed ; then it follows 
that he that hath seen Jesus hath seen the Father; • 
that Christ was one with the Father ; that He is God 
in the only sense in which the word God can have a 
spiritual significance to our minds, and a religious 
claim upon our hearts. 

A God of righteousness and love revealed as 
Father, Saviour, Friend, is clearly made known to us 
in the Bible. This great central fact is untouched 
by criticism, undimmed by tradition. This spiritual 
truth shines by its own light. It shines with such 
brilliancy and purity as to preclude the possibility 
that men should have invented it, or substantially 
have altered it. It can no more be attributed to tra- 
dition, or confounded with it than the light of the 
sun can be attributed to the clouds its shining first 
illumines and afterward dispels. 

Now to the God thus revealed in the Bible 
to the Christ portrayed in the gospel story, to the 
spirit manifested in the Christian church, we owe 
implicit obedience, absolute trust, entire devotion. 
For the God therein revealed is the perfect ideal of 
moral and spiritual excellence. 

There is no quality of virtue, no height of holi- 


ness, no trait of character, no plane of duty, no reach 
of sympathy, no depth of love conceivable by human 
minds that has not its perfect expression and em- 
bodiment in Jesus Christ ; in the Father, to whom He 
bore witness ; and in the spirit which He breathed 
into His apostles. And because the God revealed in 
the Bible as Father, Son, and Spirit is thus complete 
in all spiritual excellence, therefore it is that we owe 
Him our complete devotion. Therefore it is that we 
ought to commune with Him in prayer, and study 
diligently the Word wherein His nature and will 
are revealed. Therefore we ought to seek His coun- 
sel and approval on everything we undertake. There- 
fore we ought to seek His help and strength in every 
trial and temptation. Therefore He is the only one 
to go to when we have sinned, and are weighed 
down with guilt and shame. Because He is so good, 
so true, so faithful, so holy, He should be our most 
constant companion, our acknowledged Master, our 
trusted Saviour, our dearest Friend. This confession 
of Christ in public and in private, this daily walk with 
God, this complete surrender to His guidance and 
entire trust in His grace is what you owe to God. 
We have given science her due. And there is no 
excuse in the name of science, and no pretext in the 
name of intellectual honesty that can be oifered as a 
reason for the neglect of this prime religious duty. 

Third, social science. This, as I have indicated, 
is in a very hazy condition at present. I hold up no 
one of the various theories of social organization for 
your approval. Study them all. Treat with consid- 
eration and respect every proposition seriously put 
forth with honest intent to make human life more giad 
and happy, and human society more generous and just. 
Bear constantly in mind the extreme complexity of 
the problem, and the almost utter impossibility of 
finding a formula for human nature that will be at 
once so comprehensive and so fixed that it can be 
used safely as the basis of long and intricate discus- 
sions. Patience, candor, caution, should characterize 
your investigations and speculations in social science. 
Then you will of course yield your assent to the 
theory which seems to promise the greatest good to 
all concerned. But when you have reached your 
satisfactory theory of social institutions, whether you 
find yourself on the side of individualism or social- 
ism, you are still at the beginning of your labors. No 
theory will work itself. No arrangements, social, 
economic, or political, can eradicate the conflict of 
the two selves in each individual man, nor bridge 
the mighty gulf between the private and public inter- 
ests of each member of society. 

The only way to bridge that gulf, the only way to 
make the individual man regard the interest of his 

fellows as his own, is to be found in God. God is 
the righteous Father of each one of us, and the loving 
Father of us all. All His children are alike dear to 
Him. And the only practical expression that we can 
make of our love to Him is in manifesting our love 
to them. 

Render, then, to God that which belongs to Him. 
Render to every man with whom you stand in any 
relation just that which the common Father of us 
all would render to that child of His if He were in 
3 T our place ; in other words, do God's will to every 
fellow-man with whom you deal. Without this re- 
ligious basis for the brotherhood of man in the 
Fatherhood of God, no social scheme will relieve 
the misery and wrong of which the world is full to- 
day. With this religious principle behind it, either 
individualism or socialism would make of earth a 

Render, then, to social science whatever scheme 
it may succeed in proving to be best. But while we 
are waiting for her verdict, let us prepare the way 
for whatever social order the future has in store for 
us, by rendering to every man, in the name of God, 
that justice, kindness, and consideration which, as 
children of our loving Father, is rightfully their due. 

Members of the graduating class ; the principle I 
have been setting forth is nothing new to you. For 
four years you have been members of an institution 
where science is taught scientifically, and God is 
worshiped reverently. You will bear witness that 
never have you heard scientific fact or scientific 
hypothesis deprecated, or undervalued, or distorted 
in the interest of religion ; nor have you heard re- 
ligion deprecated, undervalued, or distorted in the 
interest of science. Alas ! The world into which 
you now enter is filled with the clamor of two con- 
tending parties, each thinking their own supremacy 
in their own field, involves of necessity some sub- 
jection of the other in fields which properly belong 
to them. That complete and thorough separation of 
science and religion which you have become used to 
regard as a matter of course, will be the rarest of 
rarities in the real world of prejudice and miscon- 
ception where henceforth 3 T ou must live aud work. 
You will meet accomplished scientists who sneer at 
religion, and worthy Christians who shrink from the 
conclusions of science. You will meet brilliant schol- 
ars who will tell you that historical criticism has 
relegated Christianity to the domain of fable. And 
devout saints who will warn you that unless you be- 
lieve all that they believe your soul will be in 
danger. You will meet reformers who demand that 
you shall throw overboard all regard for God, as a 
condition of membership in the society of the future ; 


and you will be thrown in with conservatives 
who think that everything new must be from the 

Keep clearly in mind the distinction between the 
two spheres. In all matters of science, face the facts 
fully, fairly, fearless]}', and rest assured that he who 
is guilty of no worse fault than fidelity to truth, has 
no more to fear before the judgment-seat of the God 
of truth than a child who looks up into his father's 
eyes or falls asleep in his mother's arms. And 
on the other hand, let your reverence and obedi- 
ence and trust toward God be equally full and frank 
and free, knowing that you are none the less loyal to 
science because you worship and adore the Infinite 
Source of law, and harmony, and progress. 

Our oldest university bears on its seal two mot- 
toes, Veritas upon the open book in the center, and 
Chrislo el ecclesice, on the circumference encircling 
all. So let there be first of all strict truthfulness 
in all you think and speak and write ; and over and 
around all your purpose and your action let there be 
unswerving devotion to God and to His kingdom of 
righteousness and love. Be broad, brave men. 
Stand ready to be misunderstood and maligned by 
both extremes of error, if so you may hold fast the 
golden mean of truth that is not false to duty, and 
love that does not hate the light. 


A fine day, good speaking, and excellent 
music each contributed to make 'Eighty- 
Nine's Class Day a most decided success. 
By ten o'clock Memorial was well filled with 
a large and cultured audience, who had come 
to hear the really excellent exercises to which 
they were to listen. 

Mr. Hayes' oration was a very carefully 
written part; and the generous and hearty 
applause which greeted the poet at the 
close of his effort, spoke plainer than words 
of the genuine appreciation of the audi- 

" Old Prob " seems to have taken a shine 
to 'Eighty-Nine, and the exercises under 
Thorndike Oak, which are usually marred 
by bad weather, passed off under most favor- 
able circumstances. At three o'clock the 
Senior class, headed by the Salem Cadet 

Band, which was playing a medley of lively 
airs, crossed the campus, and the speakers 
took their positions on the stage. The fol- 
lowing programme was carried out: 

Opening Address T. S. Crocker. 


History W. M. Emery. 


Prophecy F. J. C. Little. 


Parting Address L. Prentiss. 






The opening address was delivered by Mr. 
T. S. Crocker in a clear, distinct tone, and 
won frequent bursts of applause. 

Mr. W. M. Emery, of New Bedford, Mass., 
the Historian, was the hero of the day. His 
article was written with that racy and versa- 
tile old pen that the Bowdoin boys know so 
well, and which we all hope will not desert 
us in the future. We cannot better describe 
it than with one of his own pet adjectives — 
"scintillant " with wit. It was delivered 
with an easy, nonchalant air and calm, sug- 
gestive smile, whose contagious influence not 
even the piqued and pouting Brunswickians 
could resist. 

The Prophecy, by F. J. C. Little, was 
well written. 

The Parting Address was just what we 
all expected it would be — able, noble, sin- 
cere — the very impersonation of its author. 
Those who have been so fortunate as to meet 
Lory Prentiss know what that means. 

At the conclusion of the literary exer- 
cises, the class, sitting in a circle on the 
ground, smoked the pipe of peace. This, of 
course, produced the usual merriment. Then 
the class arose, and, headed by the Cadet 



Band, marched to each one of the college 
halls and gave them three rousing cheers. 

Class Ode. 
Air — "Aura Lee." 
Four years we've been together, 
'Neath these friendly pines ; 
Now the time has come to sever 
Joyous 'Eighty-Nine. 

Chords— 'Eighty-Nine ! 'Eighty-Nine ! 
Comrades tried and true ; 
President and Faculty 
We bid you all adieu. 

While in future years we roam 
And life its work is bringing, 

We'll still think of our college home 
And of the boys now singing. 

So farewell Bowdoin ! Farewell boys ! 

Let mem'ries sweet be twined ; 
Companions of our hopes and joys, 

United 'Eighty-Nine! 


The Dance on the Green was a reality 
this year and was all that could have been 
asked for as a success. The old oak decorated 
with flags and bunting, the festoons of Chinese 
lanterns, and the gay costumes of the ladies, 
all illuminated by two large arc lights made 
a scene of beauty not soon forgotten. The 
floor was in excellent condition, and the 
Salem Cadet Band at its best. At intermis- 
sion, which was shortly after eleven, supper 
was served in Lower Memorial, by Robinson 
of Portland. After supper dancing was con- 
tinued in Upper Memorial until about half 
past two. The dance orders were tasteful, 
and '89 is certainly to be congratulated on 
the most successful Class-Day Hop ever held. 

By W. M. Emery. 
Mr. Emery began the class history with reference 
to the thirty-nine young men who entered Bowdoin 
in the fall of '85, and also spoke of a fortieth, " who 
although not on the roll of our class, has attended 
chapel and recitations with us, has played tennis 

with us, and has delighted in our other sports and 
various college ceremonies. Dr. Hyde, the genial 
and learned boy president has ever commanded our 
highest respect and admiration. His successful ad- 
ministration is due not a little to the fact of being for 
four years under the influence of our auspicious star." 
The subject of horsing was then touched upon, and 
the statement made that the " Bohn-y steeds and 
even the freest of the famed Harperian stud were 
'Eighty-Nine's salvation way into Junior year," and 
the members take no stock in the injunction of the 
Psalmist, " A horse is a vain thing for safety." 

A summary of the success of the class in the fall 
athletic contests was next rehearsed, followed by a 
few incidents of the humors of the recitation-room, 
ending with the account of a fellow who once used 
the Latin non paralus, instead of the conventional 
" not prepared," when taking his customary " dead " 
in Greek. After a few words about their Freshman 
peanut drunk, Mr. Emery jjaid his respect to Bruns- 
wick, its charms, and its charmers. He said at the 
dancing school four years ago occurred the first 
meeting of the 'Eighty-Niners and the 'Forty-Niners. 
" Une fellow said that his partner was the veritable 
debutante with, whom Longfellow led his class-day 
hop, and the youth came near calling her ' mamma ' 
several times during the first evening." 

The Historian thought the Brunswick storekeep- 
ers were worthy successors of Uncle Thomas Pur- 
chase, the town's fust settler, who charged the Indians 
exorbitant prices for an inferior quality of goods. 
"As there are no Indians to-day, the college boys are 
found convenient victims." The Brunswickians care 
nothing for the students except as a means of causing 
the " coin to cavort copiously into their cavernous 

The story of the Sophomore year was then re- 
hearsed, and the strained relations between '89 and "JO 
discoursed upon. Allusion was also made to the 
wild fun indulged in at recitations during that year, 
when chestnut bells were rung, rattling shot thrown 
about, and paper caps exploded in the class-room. 

Mr. Emery, in speaking briefly of the Junior year, 
paid a heartfelt tribute to their late classmate, 
Herbert Merrill. 'Eighty-Nine's general brilliant rec- 
ord in athletics and the improvements in the college 
during the past four years were treated at length, 
followed by these statistics : 

Number at entrance, 39; total number ever connected 
with the class, 47; number at graduation, 39. Four are sons 
of Bowdoin alumni, Emery, Rice, Robie, and O. R. Smith. 

Oldest man, Hersey, 29 years 5 months 16 days; 
youngest man, Stacy, 20 years 11 months 7 clays; average 
age, 23 years 5 months 9 days; nearest average, Staples, 



23 years 4 months 29 days. Tallest man, Bodge, 6 feet 4 
inches; shortest man, Stearns, 5 feet 3 inches; average 
height, 5 feet 8 inches; nearest average, Merrill, 5 feet 8 
inches. Total weight of class, 3 tons 75 lbs. ; heaviest man, 
Bodge, 200 lbs.; lightest man, Elden, 128 lbs.; average 
weight, 155 lbs., which is the weight of Doherty, Gilpatric 
and Hideout. Largest hat, Carroll; smallest, Hill, O. R. 
Smith, Watts and White. Largest shoe, Bodge; smallest, 
C. H. Fogg and E. B. Smith. 

Dark hair, 21; light, 9; medium, 9; dark eyes, 18; light, 
17; medium, 4; moustaches, 19; siders, 1; 38 men shave, 1 
tries to; 5 wear eye-glasses occasionally, 1 all the time. Re- 
ligious preference, Cougregationalist, 24; Unitarians, 4; 
Baptists, 3; Methodists, 2; Episcopalians, 1; Catholic, 1: 
Universalists, 3; no preference, 1. Politics: 30 Repub- 
licans, 7 Democrats, 1 Prohibitionist, 1 Independent. Co- 
education, the class is unanimously against, now, always, 
aud forever. 

Seven men are engaged; 13 have best girls; 18, neither; 
one man all three; 18 carry feminine pictures next to their 
hearts; Carroll is acquainted with the most girls, 317. 

Intended occupations: Law, 13; business, 7; teaching, 
5; medicine, 5; journalism, 2; ministry, 2; missionary 
work, 2; banking, 1; chemistry, 1; electric engineer- 
ing, 1. 

Favorite studies: History, 7; Chemistry, 0; Ethics, 
Political Economy, and Latin, 3 each; Greek, 1; English 
Literature and Physiology, 2 each ; and classics, Modern 
Languages, Languages, French, Psychology, Philosophy, 
Politics, Rhetoric, Mineralogy, Biology and Electrical 
Engineering, 1 each. One has no favorite study. 

Favorite drinks: Water, 19; soda, 5; lemonade, 3; milk, 
2; one each, for tea, coffee, egg-nog punch, champagne 
punch, lager, port, porter, 40-rod whiskey and Dover 

Twenty-six dance, 13 do not; 33 play cards, 6 refrain; 

24 bet more or less, one only on a sure thing; 23 smoke, 2 
chew tobacco, 38 chew gum, and one does all three— C'en- 
tennially; 2 have never horsed, 4 never flunked; 16 play 
musical instruments; one says he thrums with a plectrum 
on a theorbo. 

The history concluded with these passages : " May 
'Time, the great Transcriber,' never chronicle abase 
or unworthy deed on our spotless scroll as we lend 
each his aid in the performance of the world's work ; 
and when the threescore and ten are honorably fin- 
ished, may He inscribe beneath the solemn ' Finis,'' 
' Well done, thou good and faithful servants.' Per- 
chance in after years many of us thirty-nine seated 
musing in the twilight, shall often feel another light 
stealing over our inmost souls with a thrilling, 
mystical spell. This light, the memory of old col- 
lege days with their wealth of boyish fun, ambi- 
tion, love, and romance, shall come to us softened 
and subdued through the vista of years, as the light 
of the orb of day comes through a window of yonder 
hallowed chapel, ' the stained glass of the shielded 
'scutcheon blushing with the blood of martyrs and 
the glories of sunset.'" 


By G. H. Hates. 

-The subject upon which I propose to 
speak this morning is " The Part which Our 
Higher Institutions of Learning have Played 
in Moulding Modern Society." 

We are constantly being told of the glories 
of modern civilization. From the street corner 
and the lecture platform, from the pulpit and 
the press encomiums have been heaped upon 
the wonders of the nineteenth century, until 
the very phrases of admiration have become 
time-worn, and our " network of railroads " 
has proved a boon to many a youth anxious 
to insert one figure into his first literary pro- 
duction. The uneducated of our time can 
but be awestruck as they attempt to realize 
the difference between the steam engine of 
to-day and the stage-coach and pack-horse of 
their fathers. The more learned are filled 
with a sense of pride when they compare the 
results of modern thought with the crude ap- 
pliances used in every department by their 
ancestors of hardly more than a generation 
ago. The fact of a mighty revolution in 
society in its phases is universally recognized. 
We like to think of the present as superior 
to all other ages ; of our own inventions as 
the ones which have revolutionized the world. 
We are all very quick to assert that were it 
not for the improvements which have been 
placed at man's disposal during the nine- 
teenth century the human race would still 
be undergoing in large measure the discom- 
forts of mediaeval methods. 

But seek to know the cause for this great 
change ; attempt to learn by inquiry the one 
influence which has contributed most to 
further this march of progress, and the an- 
swers returned would be almost as various as 
the individuals of the community from which 
they come. Each is a championship of some 
one force in the great catalogue of forces, 
which together effect the machine-like work- 
ing of our society and the opiuion of each 



might be sustained with a considerable de- 
gree of plausibility. 

One, influenced by habits of life which 
have led him to regard principally the ex- 
tension of territory, or the commercial inter- 
ests of the several states or nations might 
name as the chief factor in our new civiliza- 
tion the introduction of steam ; while another, 
led by a career more or less public in its 
nature, might feel that he had abundant proof 
looking to the establishment of the printing 
press as the most potent factor in American 
life. One, filled with a sense of the duties 
owed the young would exclaim, the common 
school ; while another, touched with a spark 
from Franklin's kite, would accord prece- 
dence to electricty. And the opinion of 
none is wholly without weight. In support 
of the first view might be argued the doing 
away with those months of perilous voy- 
aging over thousands of miles of ocean 
which formerly separated New England from 
California, and the establishment of such 
commercial relations as have, by bringing 
the inhabitants of foreign countries into 
friendly business contact, done much to place 
on a firmer foundation the universal brother- 
hood of man. For this view might also be 
argued the opening up of a country rich 
beyond comparison in natural resources, 
laden with the accumulations' of centuries, 
when there were none but wild beasts and 
wandering savage to partake of its fertility, 
and which is now the home of the freest, 
happiest, most civilized nation on the face of 
the globe. How, in truth, are we to account 
for this great change, if not by the fact 
that the introduction of the steam engine, 
by making distance seem as naught, has 
brought the hemispheres together and made 
the products of every people and every clime 
the objects of barter for the products of 
every other people and clime? 

Regarding the printing press, volumes as 
many and as true could be written as those 

which herald the use of steam. For what 
was the condition of the world before the 
introduction of the art of printing? Na- 
tions illiterate ! Not even an old edition of 
the almanac obtainable. The only books in 
existence — and those would not now be re- 
garded as worthy the name — had been writ- 
ten by some sequestered monk, and were 
kept carefully concealed from the public gaze 
within the fostering protection of his monas- 
tery. How different now ! The library of 
the rich man, has, on its shelves, beautifully 
bound volumes containing the thoughts of 
the world's greatest minds on poetry, science, 
and religion, and his poorer neighbor may be 
almost equally well supplied. The art of 
printing has placed a copy of the Bible 
within the reach of the poorest peasant, and 
every day scatters broadcast over our land a 
diary of the world. Take from us the art of 
printing and we should soon relapse into a 
state of warlike barbarism. Zealous advo- 
cates of the common school, as the principal 
factor in modern society, have reasoned 
something like this : A state is its citizens ; 
a barbarous state is a community of barba- 
rians ; a civilized state is a body of civilized 
men. Subtract a barbarian from a civilized 
citizen and you have education as the re- 
mainder. The application of the proof 
verifies the result. Add education to the 
barbarian and you have a civilized man. To 
perform this seemingly simple process of ad- 
dition is the function of the common school. 
Wherever it flourishes most, there are our 
best citizens. Just in the proportion that 
it is wanting, by so much do we approach 

Let these suffice. The arguments in 
favor of electricity are similar and different 
persons will hold different views as to their 
relative importance. These factors are all 
of value in making up the sum total of our 
social fabric. They all bear their share but 
no one of them alone, perhaps not even the 



combination of all, is in itself sufficient. 
They are the ends rather than the means, 
the results not the causes. But if this is so, 
the question arises, what is the power behind 
all these and of which these are the results ? 
Where are we to look for a cause for this 
great improvement in human conditions if 
not in these most noteworthy advances ? 

Human nature is the same the world over. 
The same incentives that spurred men on to 
action in the ancient world are the driving 
forces in the progress of modern times. There 
is nothing new in nature. Long before the 
angry waters compelled Noah to retreat with 
his worldly possessions and pets to the raft, 
the law which says that water, at a certain 
temperature, expands by heating, was as 
potent in physics as it is to-day. Water was 
vaporized off the shores of our rock-bound 
coast before the Old World had produced a 
Columbus to seek out a way hither ; and for 
aught we may know it would still be serving 
only these natural functions had not a New 
World with its Fulton found for it other 
employment. No more is electricity a new 
element. It played about the armies of old, 
auguring good or evil to the royal legions, 
and even now might have been held in com- 
mon dread had not some far-seeing Franklin 
visited it with his sceptre of knowledge and 
converted an object of superstition and fear 
into one of greatest usefulness. Well has he 
been called epitome of wisdom. Held in rev- 
erence by a nation for his public services, 
yet three times honored for his scientific 
wisdom, that was no idle compliment paid 
him by the French poet, who said : 

" Legislator of our world ! Benefactor of two ! 
All mankind owes to you a debt of gratitude." 

None of these elements are new. The 
laws of Nature are as old as Nature herself, 
and it is only in the later developments, to 
which they have been subjected, that we re- 
alize such grand results. 

The only thing new which has been in- 
strumental in bringing about this change is 
new thought. The advances made from 
time to time, in any department of science 
or the fine arts, are accounted for by the one 
word, thought. The difference between the 
New England of the Pilgrim Fathers and the 
New England of to-day is wholly the result 
of thought. " Men of thought and men of 
action " have supplanted the superstition of 
their fathers with the light of reason which 
shines so resplendent in our own time. They 
have done away with the empty forms of an- 
cient ceremony, and established in their 
stead habits of life in accord with the calm 
judgment of modern thinkers. 

But who are these men of thought and 
men of action ? Who are these thinkers to 
whom we are indebted for so much? Is it 
the exception or the rule that they are the 
educated of our land ? Are these scholars, 
these men of action, the product of the uni- 
versity or of the common school ? If they 
are from the former, it seems that the uni- 
versity is of major importance, while the 
common school ranks secondary ; that instead 
of the university being an outgrowth of the 
common school, the common school would, 
in the natural order of events, have been 
evolved from the university. And the facts 
seem to bear out this last supposition. 
Strange as it may appear to some, scholars 
are not so much the outgrowth of thought 
on the part of the masses as they are instru- 
mental in bringing this thought about. Here, 
for once, the law of evolution is reversed. 
Think not that I underrate the part the 
common school plays in our educational 
system. Think not that I am unacquainted 
with that hackneyed illustration which says 
something about beginning to build your 
edifice at the top and having no foundation. 
But here the old adage, often as it has been 
used to illustrate the case in point, seems to 
have been misplaced. In the ease of educa- 



tion, surely, the best is not evolved from the 

Statistics, too, corroborate this view, that 
the university is not an outgrowth of the 
common school. Oxford was- a flourishing 
institution with 3,000 students in the year 
1201. The University of Paris had 25,000 
members in the fifteenth century. These, 
and other great European centers of learning 
that might be mentioned, did not have their 
origin in any primary system, for they ante- 
date everything of the kind. But it is not 
necessary that we go so far away for data on 
this subject. The very first act of the Pil- 
grim Fathers looking to education — one per- 
formed only six years after the arrival of the 
Massachusetts Company — that body of brave 
men, ten per cent, of whom were graduates of 
the old English universities — was the found- 
ing of Harvard College. And right here in 
Brunswick, old Bowdoin was sending out 
annually, men who were to become powers in 
literature and the affairs of state before our 
most flourishing city had anything that could, 
by the longest stretch of the imagination, be 
construed into a school system. 

But these institutions were no more than 
might have bee'u expected of a people guided 
by the instincts of the early Puritans. Men 
of exalted character themselves, they looked 
for the higher motives to be imparted by the 
higher training. From these early colleges 
were to be sent forth the men who make the 
state, and it was the impetus given to learn- 
ing in these very institutions that was to be 
instrumental in establishing the common 
school over all our broad land, making our 
people what they are, the most enlightened, 
most intellectual people on the face of the 

For the early Puritans did exert an in- 
fluence over posterity beyond the power of 
man to comprehend. Doing their duty in 
an humble way, their works have lived after 
them. Jn the face of almost certain failure, 

they persevered and founded an inheritance, 
the preservation of which rests a sacred duty 
on all future generations. From the rough 
and rugged shores of old Plymouth we seem 
almost to hear their voices, charging us in 
tones of thunder with the responsibilities of 
our position. 

It would be a grand thing to be a scholar. 
It would be a grand thing to belong to that 
galaxy of stars, round which the destinies 
of the nation must hover. But how charged 
with responsibility ? Upon the shoulders of 
our educated men rests a nation's weight. 
They are steering the course of the present, 
and it is only as they remain at the helm of the 
old Ship of State that we may look forward 
with any degree of hopefulness to our 
country's future. It is entirely in their 
power to allow, by their neglect, the demon 
of self-interest to obtain possession of the 
government, or, by being ever mindful of her 
welfare, to transmit the nation a glorious in- 
heritance to posterity. 

All honor to those wise men who founded 
this glorious inheritance, and may the same 
spirit which animated them ever be with the 
rulers of our republic, to enable them, if 
possible, "to act wiser than they know." 


By F. H. Hill. 

If but tho men of destiny would show 
Why Favor sought out them from countless ones; 
Why Honor from her lofty throne stooped low 
And caught them up, embraced, to be her sons; 
Why Fortune's every handmaid kissed their cheeks, 
And bent fond looks on them as thoy passed by ; 
The founts of Hope would burst — be living creeks, — 
Each man of us a man of destiny. 


In Mexico's cathedral stands 

A sculptured stone of ponderous size ; 
Wrought, ages past, by skillful hands; 
Known to the present, through all lands 
As the Stone of Sacrifice. 
Here twenty groups of figures two surround 
A head that rises from the central ground. 



In every group a warrior grim 

On captives' helmet right hand presses. 
The conquered offers flowers to him 
To charm caprice, or capture whim, — 
Sweet and mute addresses. 
The warrior's heart, reflected in his face, 
Of pity or of yielding shows no trace. 

The central head is for the soul ; 
The figure of the warrior stern 
Man's body, and the onward roll 
Of lusts that animate the whole 
And make it chill and burn ; 
Virtues the score of pleaders represents, 
Doomed to deep dungeons for their innocence. 

All men have longings after fame, 

And wield their means to suit their ends. 
True happiness should be the aim 
But seldom, in the race for name, 
The two pursuits are friends. 
The virtues are the sunlight of the soul; 
Banish the virtues and you banish all. 


The north pole, frozen in the northern sea, 
Wraps her white robe about, her peacefully. 
She smiles on those who would invade her peace, 
Bids them "God speed!" and slumbers till they 

Or, if they be too rash, a single frown 
Fashions a hero's grave —a hero's crown ; 
Sending to southern lands a northern chill, 
To southern homes a messenger of ill ; 
Perhaps may break an hundred tender hearts. 
Security is might, and conquers arts. 
Gibralter, from her heights in southern Spain 
Fears not a foe o'er land or raging main ; 
Looks out on ocean, continents, and sea, 
Proud of her might, supreme in majesty. 
Truth ! there is pride in greatness, a just pride 
When one has courted power and won his bride. 


Where mountains rear their dusky peaks, 

Blending earth's green with heaven's blue; 
Where brooks run swift, and pebble speaks 
To pebble in the murmuring creeks, 
As the waters ripple through : 
'Tis here the soul of man proclaims its own, 
Rules in its might, the power of body gone. 

Perhaps the chopper's axe is heard 

From day-break until sunset skies; 
With crashing tree the air is stirred, 

Then silence, or a frightened bird 
Circles up with startled cries. 
The echoing crash a sweet enchantment lends, 
Breaks up the silence, and in silence ends. 

But night in such a spot is grand ! 

Rich, rare and rich, is nature now. 
For shadows cover all the land. 
The tree-tops, by the night- winds fanned, 
Dance with the moonbeam's glow. 
Now comes, like solemn precept "Peace, be still!" 
The midnight ditty of the whip-poor-will." 

Full oft have tales of war been told, 
And songs of thrilling peril sung ; 
I sing of one in pleasures old, 
In whom all love had long been cold, 
And sentiment undone. 
No aucieut legend bears this tale to me ; 
'Tis far too common in life's history. 

Within a mountain shadow lay 

An aged man, with head in hands. 
Swift sped the hours on their way, 
The night had driven off the day 
To be with other lauds. 
The pale moon cast her beams across his form; 
The uight-hawks dipped above him, slumber- 
ing on. 

He stirs! a moonbeam kissed his cheek, 

Played for a moment in his locks, 
Then, like a bashful maiden, meek, 
Hid in the foliage o'er the creek 
Or behind the mountain rocks. 
Perhaps the moonbeam's kiss had been as light 
As that which his first school-day love did plight. 

He wakes ! His eye meets but the dark ; 

Upspringing from his forest bed, 
He looks around, bends low, and— hark! 
Music ? Aye, sweet as song of lark, 
Or requiem for the dead. 
Weeping as tlio' his thoughts were far from there 
The world-worn man began this meaning prayer: 

"Reach me thy hand, Death ! 
Receive my fleeting breath 

To breath with thine. 
Clasp me in thy embrace 
Death ! unveil thy face, 

'Twill soon be mine. 

"O Death ! encircle me, 
Bear me away with thee 



To realms unknown ; 
Where the freed soul can find 
Rest in the infinite mind, 

The soul's true home. 

" My soul I never saw ; 
Heaven's diviner law 

I never heeded. 
I wished for high estate — 
The nation made me great. 

What, more was needed? 

"0 happiness ! joy! 
Scorned playthings of the hoy 

Man casts aside. 
Embarked in ship of state, 
Peace comes, alas ! too late 

Across the tide. 

" 'A man of destiny ! ' 
So all the people cry, 

And point with pride. 
Better he honored less 
If peace and happiness 

Will then abide." 

Swell out ! belch forth! ye all triumphant notes, 
Wake up the echoes from your brazen throats ! 
Let all the joy that mortal heart can feel, 
Or mortal tongue can coin, or voices peal, — 
Let all the joy that ever gladdened earth 
Find full expression in our classic birth ! 
Secure, like North Pole in the Northern Sea, 
With naught to break its calm tranquility ; 
Proud, like Gibralter, in the south of Spain, 
Feeling its-might to battle and maintain 
Against all foes the magic wand of power, 
And swift to strike if ever comes the hour ; 
Wooing the virtues ; ever offering vice 
Not virtue, on the Stone of Sacrifice ; 
Seeking, — not Death, as he of high estate, 
Who lost his freedom that he might be great — 
But seeking Life, in the light of other lives 
And never cease to hope while life survives; 
Secure, proud, virtuous, hopeful, and discreet, 
May our beloved class the future meet : 
Anil every member's life be work divine 
For Bowdoin's honor, and for 'Eighty-Nine 


The graduation exercises of the class of 
'89, of the Maine Medical School were held in 
Memorial Hall, Wednesday morning. 

At nine o'clock the hall was filled and to 
the strains of the Salem Cadet Band the 
class marched in and took their seats on the 
platform. Following is the programme : 


Address. James McKeen, Esq., New York. 


Parting Address. H. M. Moulton. 


Presentation of Diplomas. President Efycle. 


Those who received the degree of M. D. 
were : E. 0. Andrews, South Paris ; DeF. 
W. Chase, Boston, Mass. ; C, F. Curtis, Bath ; 
G. Gaudrau, Waterville ; C. E. Harvey, 
Pittsfield, N. H. ; A. F. Hunt, Deering ; H. 
M. Moulton, A.B., Cumberland; L. S. Mer- 
rill, Solon; H. M. Nickerson, Portland; F. 
E. Nye, Brewer ; M. O'Halloran, Lincoln ; 
G. M. Randall, Riverside ; G. D. Rowe, Oak- 
land ; M. F. Ryan, Baring; C. P. Small, 
A.B., Portland; C.B.Sylvester, Casco ; F. 
W. Searle, Portland; A. J. Taylor, Caribou; 
A. B. Townseod, A.B., Waterville; George 
Thompson, Union ; P. H. S. Vaughan, Skow- 
hegan; F. N. Whittier, A.M., Brunswick; 
E. A. Wight, Gorham, N. H. ; C. A.Whitney, 
Boston, Mass. The four men taking the 
highest rank were Taylor, Sylvester, Searle, 
and Hunt. 

The eloquent oration of James McKeen, 
Esq., of New York City, fascinated the au- 
dience. We print Moulton's address in full, 
and it speaks for itself. 

One-third of the university students of Europe 
die prematurely from the effects of bad habits ac- 
quired at college ; one-third die prematurely from 
the effects of close confinement at their studies ; and 
the other third govern Europe. — Quizot. 




By H. M. Moulton. 
Members of the Faculty, Members, Classmates, Ladies 
and Gentlemen: 

Realizing that I must appear at a disad- 
vantage, following the scholarly and eminent 
orator of the day, and also the difficult task 
I have before me, in saying the farewell 
words to those with whom I have been, in 
the close and intimate relations of a fellow- 
student, I ask your indulgence. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes once said that 
there are four important epochs in a man's 
life : First, at his birth ; second, at his grad- 
uation ; third, at his marriage ; and fourth, 
at his death. While the majority of the 
medical graduates of '89 have been reaching 
those epochs in the order given, nevertheless 
there are some who have so far changed the 
order of their occurrence as to have had the 
third come before the second. With others 
the third will follow closely upon the second. 
We are also compelled to admit that there 
are those among us who have set their teeth 
in bold but suicidal determination never to 
celebrate the third. 

But however this may be, we are each 
and all -about to enter upon new and impor- 
tant relations with society. Thus far our 
lives have been largely those of preparations, 
of gathering together a storehouse of knowl- 
edge that shall not only serve us as a guide, 
as we are tossed about on the billowy sea of 
life, but as a nucleus for the further accumu- 
lation of knowledge. 

To-day as a class we are about to launch 
our barks upon the ocean of professional 
life, and as we stand upon its banks and look 
back, counting the steps by which we have 
attained the present epoch, let us, as students 
of "old Bowdoin," bravely grasp the helm, 
turn our faces seaward, and await the com- i 

mand, Sail ! The profession that we have 
chosen for our future life-work, is preemi- 
nently not only an honorable but also an 
historic one. Upon the pages of its history 
we read the names of some of the brightest 
lights this world has ever seen ; we read of 
deeds of heroism that well may kindle in our 
breasts enthusiasm. There, too, we learn of 
the devotion and love for humanity which 
still, like a mighty river, will continue to 
flow down through all the ages, emphasizing 
that grandest of human principles, " Do unto 
others as you would have them do unto 

The history of medicine has an intimate 
connection with that of human nature. In 
the dark ages of the world, we find its history 
to be that of the society of the times. There 
is no science which ignorance and supersti- 
tion has hampered more. Hand in hand 
with civilization its march has been steadily 

In Greece, where art and letters attained 
a height which we are unable to equal, there, 
too, medicine first came to take on the form 
of a science. The acute mind of the Greek 
was the first to attempt to determine the 
underlying cause of disease and apply rational 
treatment. In common with the deeds of 
heroes and gods, Homer sings of the earliest 
physicians and their jjractice. 

When the practice of medicine first began, 
we cannot say'. When man was in a savage 
state Ins diseases were few, strongly marked, 
and easily recognized. Tuscany has been 
the prolific fount of disease. As man looked, 
in simple faith, to a Supreme Being to whom 
he was indebted for his food and clothing, 
so he considered that from him, also, comes 
his sickness and sorrows. Thus the priests, 
as ministers of the divinity, were turned to 
as having in their hands the means to relieve 
the sick. 

As an age of reason succeeded that of 
blind belief, medicine, in accord with the 



spirit of the times, took to itself a new 

Egypt may undoubtedly be considered as 
having given birth to medicine. The priests 
were the physicians, and they were bound 
by law to follow a prescribed form of treat- 
ment. If they departed from this and the 
patient died, they must answer for it with 
their lives. From this crude form of art, it 
is with pleasure that we pass to consider the 
early medicine of Greece. Here Apollo and 
Diana presided over medicine, and their deeds 
of healing are celebrated by Homer, Eurip- 
ides, and Plato. Being preeminently a war- 
like nation, it was necessary that the hero 
should be the physician as well as the leader 
of the soldiers. And who could be better 
fitted? However, their treatment, at best, 
was rude, and the ability to appease the 
divinity was a large element in the cure of 
the disease. The occurrence of death in all 
cases was explained by the disobedience or 
fault of the patient. Verily, we may say that 
history has repeated itself in this present day 
of Christian scientist and mind cure. The 
Gymnasia seem to have served later as schools 
of medicine. Their directors gradually be- 
came to be far from skilled in the arts of 

Time compels us to pass by Hippocrates, 
Herophilus, Celsus, the father of surgeons, 
and many other honored names, and come 
down to more recent times, when in the 
earlier part of the seventeenth century 
Harvey discovered the circulation of the 
blood. With this discovery came a new im- 
pulse to the study of medicine, which has 
been gradually increasing as the years have 
been rolling by. But perhaps no greater vic- 
tory was ever achieved for medicine than that 
won by Edward Jenner, when he introduced 
vaccination, and demonstrated to the world 
that one of the most loathsome of diseases 
could be practically shorn of its terrors. We 
are amazed at the mighty advancement the 

legitimate practice of medicine has attained — 
a place in the hearts and minds of men from 
which it can never be dislodged, and wherever 
found it shines forth from the scholastic 
heavens, shedding its soft and gentle beams 
of hope, relief, and comfort upon suffering 

There is no profession that calls for more 
self-denial or untiring zeal in its pursuit 
than that of medicine. The physician is emi- 
nently the servant of mankind, and there is 
not a man among us who, though he may 
already realize the importance of the rela- 
tions that he is assuming toward society, 
yet, will in the future shrink when he is 
brought face to face with the fact that in his 
hands is the life of some fellow-being. Then 
it is that calm self-possession and accurate 
knowledge will decide the day. Our pro- 
fession has often been accounted fortunate 
in its opportunities, both intellectually and 

No one has ever summed up the scientific 
scope of medicine better than Sir James 
Paget, in his opening address from the Presi- 
dential chair of the great International Con- 
gress of the profession, which met in London 
in 1881 : " It is not only," he said, " that the 
pure science of human life may match with 
the largest natural sciences in the complexity 
of its subject matter ; not only that the 
living human body is, both in its material 
and its indwelling forces, the most complex 
thing yet known, but that in our practical 
duties this most complex thing is presented to 
us in an almost infinite multiformity." For 
in practice we are occupied, not with the 
type and pattern of human nature, but with 
all its varieties in all classes of men, of every 
age and every occupation, in all climates and 
all social states ; we have to study men sin- 
gly and in multitudes, in poverty and in 
wealth, in wise and unwise living, in health, 
in all the varieties of diseases ; we have to 
learn, or at least try to learn, the results of 



all these conditions, while, in successive gen- 
erations and in the mingling of families, they 
are heaped together, confused, and always 
changing. In every one of all these condi- 
tions, man, in mind and body, must be 
studied by us, and every one of them offers 
some different problems for inquiry and so- 
lution. Wherever our duty or our scientific 
curiosity, or, in happy combination, both, 
may lead us, there are materials and there 
are opportunities for separate, original re- 

While these are the more intellectual or 
scientific opportunities of the medical calling, 
it has, according to the same exponent, cor- 
respondingly great privileges in the sphere 
of conduct and practice. I dare to claim for 
it, that among all the sciences, ours, in the 
pursuit and use of truth, offers the most 
complete and constant union of those three 
qualities which have the greatest charm for 
pure and active minds, — novelty, utility and 

However, the whole history is an exceed- 
ingly interesting one, having its origin far 
back in the earliest ages of our race and has 
been steadily progressing; jostled at every 
point by ignorance and superstition, being, 
for the most part, led by Christianity, until 
now in the latter half of the nineteenth cent- 
ury, she has shaken from her shoulders the 
robe of mystery and stands out in bold relief 
among the sciences; but the end is not yet. 

Let us, then, brothers, — members of the 
class of '89, throw our sail to the breeze and 
speed out into the open sea of our chosen 
profession with brave and manly hearts, 
showing, when the whirlwind encircles us, 
and the breakers rise as though to crush us, 
that we have taken our latitude and longi- 
tude from " Old Bowdoin," and, that by 
holding straight to the course as given us 
here, we shall again emerge into a calm, a 
peaceful sea, and at last anchor safe in the 
desired haven of rest. 

Mr. President, when we take our de- 
parture from " Old Bowdoin " and in the 
years to come, when we turn our eyes toward 
the east and behold the rising sun streaking 
the heavens with the first steps of day, then 
the golden threads of memory will bind us 
like the " Rock of Ages " to our Alma Mater. 

And, my friends, it is hoped that we, the 
members of the Medical class of '89, both 
individually and as a class, will so conduct 
ourselves professionally, that when the clos- 
ing years of our lives are gathering around 
us, like the shadows of twilight around the 
closing day, that they may be like the set- 
ting of the autumn sun, while not so full of 
strength and energy as when in their zenith, 
yet richer and more magnificent. 

And may we all so live, that when we are 
descending the hill of time, into the deep, 
dark valley and shadow of death, " His rod 
and his staff may comfort us." 


At the meeting of the Boards, on Tues- 
day, Wednesday, and Thursday, much busi- 
ness was transacted. The following are 
some of the most important: 

Prof. Ernest M. Pease was re-elected to 
the Winkley professorship of Latin. 

Thomas H. Hubbard, '57, of New York, 
was chosen a trustee. 

A vote of thanks was extended Prof. 
George T. Little, '77, in appreciation of his 
labors in preparing the general catalogue. 

Messrs. Joseph Titcomb and John S. 
Sewall, of the Board of Trustees, and Chas. 
F. Libby and Edward B. Nealley, of the 
Board of Overseers, were appointed a com- 
mittee to consider the propriety of giving 
medical instruction of the college in Portland 
instead of Brunswick, and, if it seems advis- 
able to then make such change ; that they 
ascertain whether a suitable site can be ob- 
tained, and whether suitable and sufficient 



buildings, apparatus, and equipment can be 
provided without expense to the college, and 
report at the next meeting of the Boards, with 
such definite plans and propositions for car- 
rying into effect the proposed change as they 
may obtain. 

Mr. John E. Matzke, a fellow of Johns 
Hopkins, was appointed to fill the vacancy 
made by the resignation of Professor B. L. 
Bowen, the Assistant Professor of French 
and Latin. 

It was voted to construct a new recitation 
room in North Winthrop. 

It was voted that hereafter the Boards 
will meet in the recitation room of Memorial 
Hall and the Commencement Dinner will be 
served in the gymnasium room. 

Voted that a committee be raised to con- 
sider the question of the erection of a resi- 
dence for the President. The committee 
are : J. W. Bradbury, Augusta ; S. J. 
Young, Brunswick; General John Marshal 
Brown, Portland, and Galen C. Moses, Bath. 

It was voted that the gymnasium be 
named Sargent Gymnasium, in honor of Dr. 
Dudley A. Sargent, '75, whose generous offer 
of apparatus gave first impulse to the effort 
to secure a building, and whose interest and 
advice have added to its efficiency. 

Albert W. Tolman, '88, of Portland, was 
appointed tutor in Greek and Rhetoric. 

It was voted that such alterations be made 
in the north wing of the chapel as will fit it 
for additional library room. 

It was estimated that additional room for 
15,000 volumes was needed. 

It was voted that the thanks of the college 
be extended to Gen. Thomas Hubbard, '57, 
for memorial tablets erected by him in Me- 
morial Hall. 

An appropriation was made for the main- 
tenance of a chapel choir. 

Appropriations were made for the library 
and the various departments. 

Hon. L. A. Emery, '61, was chosen Pro- 
fessor in Medical Jurisprudence in the Medi- 
cal School 

Mr. J. C. Parker, '86, was elected tutor 
in Biology, to assist Professor Lee. 

A committee was appointed to prepare 
the charter and laws of the college, and re- 
port at the next meeting. 

Rev. Dr. Charles F. Allen, Kent's Hill, 
Rev. Jonathan E. Adams, Bangor, Major 
Samuel Clifford Belcher, Farmington, were 
elected to fill vacancies on the Board of 


At the meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa 
in Adams Hall at 11 a.m., the following were 
elected : 

President, Rev. E. C. Cummings ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, D. C. Linscott; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Professor F. C. Robinson ; Literary Committee, 
Hon. J. W. Symonds, Professor H. L. Chapman, 
M. C. Fernald, Rev. Newman Smyth, Frank A. 
Hill; committee to attend general meeting in Sep- 
tember next at Saratoga, Augustus F. Libby, J. C. 
Robinson, Barrett Potter. 

The following honorary members were 
elected: Hon. W. W. Rice, Hon. George F. 
Talbot, and Professor J. Y. Stanton. 

The following were elected members from 
the class of 1889 : Lincoln J. Bodge, Wal- 
lace S. Elden, William E. Wallace, William 
M. Emery, John R. Clark, Charles F. Hersey, 
Earle A. Merrill, Albert E. Neal, Fred C. 
Russell, Edward R.Stearns, Sidney G. Stacey, 
George T. Files, Oliver P. Watts, and Daniel 
E. Owen. 

Wednesday afternoon at three o'clock the 
Society, headed by the Salem Cadet Band, 
with Mr. Oliver Crocker Stevens, '76, as Mar- 
shal, marched to Memorial Hall, where Hon. 
George F. Talbot, of Portland, delivered a 
very scholarly oration on the subject of 
" Public Dangers." 




The Commencement Day of '89 dawned 
most auspiciously. 

The meeting of the Alumni Association 
was called to order by Vice-President Charles 
F. Libby, '64, in the absence of President 
Gerrish. Messrs. James McKeen, '64, Ar- 
thur T. Parker, '76, and Llewellyn Dean, '49, 
were appointed a committee to carry out the 
scheme of elections by the alumni to the 
Board of Overseers. The scheme proposed 
is the same as that used now at Harvard and 

The Boards were in session until about 
11 o'clock, when the alumni began to gather 
in front of the chapel. Headed bj r the Salem 
Cadet Band and marshaled by Hon. D. C. 
Linscott, '53, the procession marched to the 
church. In the line were men even from as 
far back as '22, which class was represented 
by Judge John Appleton of Bangor. 

The church was well filled by alumni and 
friends of the class and college. 

At 11.15 o'clock, the graduating exercises 
occurred. The following was the programme: 


The Anglo-Saxon Element in English 
Literature; with Latin Salutatory. 

George Taylor Piles, Portland. 
Our Public Schools. 

Lincoln John Bodge, South Windham. 
Twenty Years in the History of a Nation. 

Edward Roland Steams, Saco. 
Russia's Treatment of the Protesting 

Party. Earle Abbott Merrill, Farmington. 

John Keats. 

William Morrill Emery, New Bedford, Mass. 
The Influence of Art. 

Wallace Stedman Elden, Waterville. 
Commercial Union with Canada. 

John Rogers Clark, New Portland. 
The Church Universal. 

Daniel Edwin Owen, Saco. 
Chaucer. Albert Edward Neal, Portland. 

The Southern Question. 

Prank Leslie Staples, Benton. 


The Necessity of Popular Education. 

* Frederick Lincoln Smith, Newmarket, N. H. 
Valedictory in Latin. 

* Walter Vinton Wentworth, Ticonderoga, N. Y. 

* Excused. 

After the exercises, the following honor- 
ary degrees conferred by the Boards were 
announced : 

LL.D., Hon. William Pierce Frye, '50; Hon. 
William W. Virgin, '44 ; Hon. Hugh McCulloch. 

D.D., Rev. Americus Fuller, '59 ; Rev. William 
Scott Southgate, '51. 

A.M., Honorary — Henry Jewett Purber, Jr. ; Dr. 
Israel Thorndike Dana, Dr. Stephen Holmes Weeks, 
Henry Lombard Nichols. 

A.B., Out of Course — W. H. H. Andrews, Alex- 
ander W. Longfellow, F. P. Knight, '64; M. H. Pur- 
ington, '85; J. C. Hall, '85; W. C. Kendall, '85; G. 
S. Berry, Jr., '86; I. W. Home, '86. 

A.M., In the Course— G. M. Norris, G. S. Perry, 
Jr., W. V. Wentworth, A. R. Butler, Chas. A. Davis, 
Levi Turner, J. C. Parker, E. E. Ridout, T. W. 
Dike, F. L. Smith, '86. 

A.M., Out of Course-John E. Walker, '81 ; 
Lelaud B. Lane, '81 ; Llewellyn Barton, '84 ; Wilson 
R. Butler, '85. 

The Goodwin Commencement Prize of 
the best written and delivered Commence- 
ment part was awarded to F. L. Staples of 

Honorary appointments in the graduating 
class for the four years' course have been 
made as follows : 

Salutatory — George T. Files, Portland. 

English Orations — Lincoln J. Bodge, South 
Windham ; John R. Clark, New Portland ; Wallace 
S. Elden, Waterville ; Earle A. Merrill, Farming- 
ton ; Albert E. Neal, Portland; Daniel E. Owen, 
Edward R. Stearns, Saco. 

Philosophical Disquisitions — Wm. M. Emery, 
New Bedford, Mass. ; Charles F. Hersey, North 
Waterford ; Fred C. Russell, Lovell Centre ; Sidney 
G. Stacey, Kezar Falls ; Oliver P. Watts, Thomas- 

Literary Disquisitions — Bernard C. Carroll, 
Lewiston ; Wilber D. Gilpatric, Saco; George W. 
Hayes, Lewiston ; Frank H. Hill, Cape Elizabeth ; 



Lory Prentiss, Saco ; G-eorge L. Rogers, Wells ; 
Verdeil 0. White, East Dixfleld. 

Disquisitions — Emerson L. Adams of East Dix- 
fleld, Thomas S. Crocker of Paris, James L. 
Doherty of Houlton, Sanford L. Fogg of South Paris, 
Frederick W. Freeman of Saco, Ferdinand J. Libby 
of Auburn, Fremont J. Charles Little of Jefferson, 
Frank Lynam of Bar Harbor, John M. Phelan of 
Portland, Merwyu A. Rice of Rockland, William P. 
F. Robie of Gorham, Frank M. Russell of Lovel 
Centre, Frank L. Staples of Benton, George Thwing 
of Farmington. 

Discussions— Charles H. Fogg of Houlton, Clar- 
ence L. Mitchell of Freeport, Oscar L. Rideout of 
Cumberland, Orrin R. Smith of Middleborough, 

Honors in Latin— Wallace S. Elden of Water- 


as usual, was a grand success. 


Boiled — Ham, Tongue, Corned Beef. 

Roasts — Turkey, Chicken. 

Entrees — Salmon, with Dressing, Lobster Salad, 
Chicken Salad, Plain Lobster, Lobster Patties. 

Vegetables — Mashed Potatoes, Green Peas, String 
Beans, Cucumbers, Radishes, Lettuce. 

Relishes— Apricots, Currant Jelly, Cheese, Span- 
ish Olives, Horse Radish, Beet and Cucumber 
Pickles, Tomato and Walnut Ketchups, English 
Mixed Pickles, French Mustard, Halford and 
Worcester Sauces. 

Pastry — Apple Pie, Lemon Pie, Gooseberry Pie, 
Washington Pie. 

Dessert— Lemon, Vanilla, and Strawberry Ice- 
Cream, Lady Fingers, Tea Biscuit, Macaroons, Pine- 
apple, Oranges, Pound Cake, Citron Cake, Cur- 
rant Cake, Sponge Cake, Apples, Bananas, Water- 
melon, Raisins, Figs, Almonds, English Walnuts, 
Pecan Nuts, Strawberries and Cream, Blackberries. 

Tea and Coffee. 

In turning from the feast of viands to one 
of intellect, President Hyde, in the opening 
speech, gave the following interesting facts: 

The exercises of to-day conclude a college year 
of uninterrupted prosperity. The college has main- 
tained the steady rate of increase that has marked 
the past few years. 

We now have all the students that wo want- 
We have given the Medical School encouragement 

to move to Portland. We have withdrawn from 
the catalogue our offer to give post-graduate instruc- 
tion. We purpose henceforth to have simply and 
purely an old-fashioned country college, with the 
classical curriculum, and we propose to have that 
the best of its kind. 

We never expect or wish to become a large col- 
lege. We propose to have a college where each 
student will feel the immediate personal influence 
and guidance of every professor; a college where 
each student shall be held individually responsible 
to the college community for his conduct; and to 
his instructors for industry and interest in study. 

To do the work of a college in this direct personal 
way requires more than double the men, the money, 
the apparatus, the books, and library accommoda- 
tions that are required merely to hear classes re- 
cite from text-books. The college needs at once 
an addition of $100,000 to its general fund. We 
need $1,400 more to complete the fund for an ob- 
servatory, and I earnestly urge the friends of the 
college to take this matter to heart at once, and 
clear this out of our way so that we can give atten- 
tion to larger matters that are pressing. 

We need an endowment for the purchase of 
books for the library. In case the Medical School 
is removed to Portland we shall want to fit up a 
Physical Laboratory on the second floor, and a 
Biological Laboratory on the third floor of Adams 
Hall. The friends of the college have had a long 
rest from our importunity, and now they must pre- 
pare to be generous. 

Turning to lighter matters, if the athletic inter- 
ests of the college are not as conspicuous in the 
public eye as they have been, they are healthy and 
vigorous, and a help rather than a hindrance to the 
moral and intellectual life of the college. 

Our most considerable college prize is the Smyth 
Mathematical Prize. Its value is $300, and it is 
based on the results of two years' work in that 
most difficult of studies. Yet in the four years that 
I have been here, I have seen that prize taken once 
by the pitcher of the ball nine, once by the catcher 
of the nine, and once by the best performer on the 

The hall in which we meet is for the first time 
completed. It was designed as a memorial of the 
sons of the college who served iu the late war, and 
by the gift of Gen. Thomas H. Hubbard, of New 
York, a series of unique and beautiful brass tablets 
inscribed with the names of all who served, adorns 
and completes its walls. 



At the conclusion of his remarks, Presi- 
dent Hyde called upon the Rev. Dr. Webb, 
of Wellesley, Mass., to speak for the Board 
of Trustees. 

He expressed himself as extremely anxious 
that the alumni respond to tlie President's 
call for money, and added the suggestion 
that all who had received aid from this insti- 
tution ought to repay it by establishing 
scholarships. Half jocosely and half sin- 
cerely he remarked that he could see a large 
number before him who would do it. He 
thought there ought to be fifty such scholar- 

He complimented the outgoing class 
highly on the quality of their articles, saying 
that they showed that broad grasp which is 
the outcome of good instruction. He con- 
sidered it discourteous in the undergraduates 
not to remain in the church during the entire 
exercises, and thought that the years of as- 
sociation ought to have awakened friendship 
and interest enough to induce them to listen 
to a final oration. 

He said the absence of himself in so many 
past years, and that of many other loyal 
graduates could be explained by the present 
arrangement by which one was obliged to 
remain in town from Tuesday until Thursday. 

The profession of the ministry was one of 
special solicitude to him, and he was earnest 
in the expression of his desire that Bowdoin 
continue sending out able clergymen. 

In conclusion he said : 

And let me tell you, young men, this also, that 
whatever may be said about tbe church, or about the 
divergencies of belief in the various denominations, 
the great questions that are to agitate this country 
in the days to come will circulate around theology 
as a center. So I am too delighted when I see this 
spirit of Christianity prevailing in the college. My 
prayer is that instead of a diminution of the num- 
ber of ministers, there may be a great increase 
every year, and that those places scattered through 
the country, which are without ministers, may be 
filled largely by the men of Bowdoin. 

President Hyde then called upon Senator 
William P. Frye, of '50, who spoke with an 
easy flow and ready wit which alternately 
charmed and convulsed his hearers. He does 
not shine as a theologian, however. The 
following is his speech, partially verbatim: 

"A brief sermon, first, to the young men who 
have to-day graduated. Young men, you have re- 
ceived the word ' go.' Get. [Laughter and ap- 
plause.] You needn't be surprised even if a learned 
LL.D. tumbles into the language of the turf, for 
there have been races just above my house the last 
four days. Besides, the most delicious chapter in 
'Ben-Hur' is the horse race. You young men, some 
of you, will win prizes, some of you will be dis- 
tanced, some of you will be barred out, some of you 
will have the judgment of 'foul' against you, 
some of you will bolt, some of you will break, some 
of you will lag. Whether you win the prize or not 
depends entirely upon you. The world will do 
absolutely nothing for you. It doesn't owe you a 
single sou to-day. On the contrary, you are debtors 
from the day you were laid in the cradle up to the 
moment you depart from this college; debtors to 
parents, debtors to friends, debtors to those who 
helped to form your minds. Tbe world will pay 
you not one single sou. But in my experience, I 
feel that I am right in saying that the world is just. 
It will give you just exactly what you yourself are 
entitled to and no more. It will pay you to 
the full. It makes no gifts ; there is no generosity 
about it. It does pay its debts, and whether or not 
in this great race of life upon which you have 
entered you arc to win the prize, depends upon 
your fidelity, your bravery, your honesty, your 
energy, your faith, your trust in God. 

"There is one solemn warning I want to give you. 
If you are ever invited to make an after-dinner 
speech, run — bolt— break. [Laughter.] Tell a 
white lie, if absolutely necessary, to get rid of it." 

Senator Frye then told in his humorous, semi- 
serious way how the aged, wise, sagacious, and dis- 
criminating Board of Trustees had subjected him to 
this " vanity and vexation of the spirit," by elect- 
ing him to represent them at the Commencement 
Dinner. " But I determined that I wouldn't," said 
the speaker, " and went home ; and then, to make 
the thing absolutely certain, a telegram came to me 
that I was a distiuguised Doctor of Laws, and I 
took the bribe aud came back." [Laughter.] The 
trustees hadn't assigned him any subject upon 



which to speak, hadn't offered any suggestions, 
hadn't helped him in the slightest degree. Perhaps 
they thought that such a speech as he would make 
wouldn't require the slightest preparation. A cer- 
tain United States Senator's hobhy is the tariff 
issue, and whenever this is touched upon in de- 
bate he is on his feet in an instant and is off in a 
whirlwind of eloquence. On the occasion of one 
of these fiery outbursts, one of the Senators re- 
marked to another: ' I should think that he would 
kill himself. I should think that he would be 
utterly broken down.' ' Oh, no indeed,' replied his 
neighbor, ' he's resting his intellect while he is 
talking.' [Laughter.] Very likely these learned 
Trustees imagined that he was resting his intellect 
while he was talking." 

The Senator, continuing, said that in an after- 
dinner speech the trouble was that you have got to 
say something about nothing. He could undoubt- 
edly talk politics for fifteen or twenty minutes 
without auy heavy strain on his intellect. But he 
was radical, dreadfully radical in politics and the 
first thing he knew he would be getting up a mu- 
tiny. " To be sure," said he, " the mutineers would 
he in the minority in a company like this. [Ap- 
plause and laughter.] But, unfortunately, it would 
be headed by the President of the College." [Pro- 
longed laughter in which President Hyde heartily 

He might talk about religiou. But he was just 
as radical in his religion as in his politics. Some- 
how or other he couldn't help respecting that man's 
religion, who, a hundred years ago, went over on to 
that hill-top in the dead of winter into that meet- 
ing-house uuwarmed, and sat down on that un- 
painted, hard plank, and complacently and atten- 
tively listened to the word of God from "firstly" 
to " forty -secondly," more than he respected the 
religion of the Christian of to-day, who sits in his 
cushioned and carpeted pew and feels anxious and 
disturbed if the minister doesn't stop at thirty 
minutes. Somehow or other he had more respect 
for even the blue laws of Connecticut which hold Sun- 
day as a sacred and holy day given only to the wor- 
ship of Almighty God, than he had for the religion 
which tolerates a sacred concert even, or for the 
liberality that tolerates an opera or a theater on 
that holy day. He respected more that fourfold 
heat of the ancient hell than the moderate warmth 
of the modern hades, as comfortable as a steam- 
heated drawing-room. There is danger that what 
we admire to-day as tolerance and liberality may 
to-morrow be license ; that the religion of to-day 

may be a veneer which you can scratch through 
with a pin. 

Perhaps he might talk about law, but he was 
silenced by the presence of the distinguished judges 
of the Supreme Court. 

" How about medicine ? Well, anybody on the 
face of the earth can practice medicine, but it takes 
a bright man to talk it." 

He would stop, he said, with a few words to the 
men he saw before him. We have a magnificent 
country. It is not boasting to say that it is the best 
one in the world. We have a splendid government. 
It is not boasting to say that for the average man 
it is the best government that has ever been in- ' 
vented or devised. We have the richest country 
in the world. We have a country which manufact- 
ures more than any country in the world. We have 
a country with the best internal commerce of any 
country in the world. A proposition had come be- 
fore his committee, not long ago, calling for the 
expenditure of two millions of dollars for the repair 
of the Sault Ste. Marie canal, near Lake Superior. 
Haviug occasion to investigate the subject, he was 
surprised to learu that while it was open only seven 
months in the year, during those seven months 
there was more freight passed than passed through 
the great Suez canal. We have the greatest mining- 
country in the world. We have a country which 
opens its doors more broadly than any other 
country in the world to the people of other coun- 
tries. Without boasting he might say that we have 
to-day the most powerful country in the world. It 
has no armies— only enough men to do police work. 
It has no navy. Why, a cyclone at Samoa the other 
day destroyed half of its navy. Yet he had no 
hesitation in repeating that this is the most pow- 
erful country to-day in the wide world. 

The speaker referred to the efforts of England 
and Prance to establish a monarchy in Mexico, 
which would be a constant menace to this republic. 
General Grant turned his face toward Mexico ; 
England and France went home, and Maximilian 
died. Not a word said, no threats made. The 
power was there, silent, but efficient. In the late 
war England destroyed our commerce and became 
supreme on the sea. But it was noticed that after 
slight demurring on the part of Euglaud, General 
Grant's demand for retribution was recognized to 
the extent of fifteen million, five hundred thousand 

Continuing, Mr. Frye reviewed the salient feat- 
ures of the Samoan question and the attitude as- 
sumed by the German, English, and American 



nations in reference thereto. What did Bismarck do ? 
What he would have done to others ? Did he say 
what he would have said were he dealing with any 
other country : "I. God helping me, will take and 
maintain possession of it " ? No, not a hit of it. 
He said: " Let's have a conference." The conferees 
were appointed and America obtaiued what she 
demanded without army and without navy. 

" There are men living here who, if our republic 
is perpetuated, will see this entire continent into 
states of the United States of America. There are 
men here, if this republic is perpetuated, who in- 
stead of seeing five hundred thousand men from 
Europe coming in here every year, will see two 
millions or three millions coming in a year. 

" Now will the republic be perpetuated? Can 
it stand it? Can it endure it? The large majority 
of these foreigners will come to your shores without 
any knowledge of your institutions. Thousands 
and tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands 
will come to you inimical to your institutions, and 
with a determination to break your republican 
institutions down and destroy tbe republic, and that 
will be true for the nest twenty-five years to come. 
Will you control them? Will you mould them? 
Will you make them American citizens in all the 
best and truest thought of what American citizen- 
ship means? Will your civilization be the civiliza- 
tion of the whole republic when it embraces the 
continent "I Will your civilization be the civilization 
not only of this continent but of the whole civilized 
world ? Will your Christianity be the Christianity 
not only of the United States of America, but the 
Christianity of the whole world that you reach to- 
day? Will your English language be the language 
which is to be spoken ultimately by all the civilized 
peoples of tbe globe? Will your republic, endure 
and achieve what God intended it should achieve 
when he permitted it to be launched amongst the 
nations of the earth. The men I see before me— 
men like you, have, in yourselves, the only answer 
to these questions. You to-day have two millions 
of voters in this country who can neither road nor 
write. You have more or less corruption at the 
polls, you have more or less violent interference 
with the rights of citizenship. 

" Have you the courage and the power and the 
moral strength to overcome these things 1 Not only 
to overcome them, but the hundred times greater 
oppositions and evils which to the thoughtful man 
are seen in the near future? Why, these colleges 
and higher institutions of learning are turning out 
to the world every year thousands, and tens of 

thousands, and twentys of thousands, of thoroughly 
equipped men to go into the battle for the republic, 
the greatest battle that has ever been fought, re- 
quiring more strength and more courage and more 
energy and more faith than to go into the battle of 
men with muskets. And who can measure the 
power of one thoroughly equipped young man 
going out into life with the full, fixed determination 
to achieve honor for himself, for his country, and 
his God? There is no limit to his influence and his 
power. And if the young men who are educated 
in this republic of ours, who are going out every 
year into life, will remember that the republic is 
their mother, that the republic is their father, that 
the republic should be next to their God with them, 
for the good it does to the American people and 
the people who come to rest under it in peace and 
quiet,— if they only remember that, and to be brave 
and true and faithful and earnest, under God this 
republic shall live forever and ever." [Applause.] 

Mr. F. M. Drew, of Lewiston, who is at 
the head of the Grand Army of Maine, was 
fittingly called upon to express the thanks 
of the alumni for General Hubbard's gift of 
the tablets. He said : 

Mr. President, — The placing in position of the 
tablets completes this building, erected in memory 
of those students and graduates who, in the hour 
of our country's sorest need, enlisted in the service. 
I am asked to respond and give expression to the 
feelings of graduates, and especially of those who 
participated in the war, in regard to these gifts. 
I regret that the gentleman who was selected for 
this purpose has unexpectedly been called away, 
and has left this duty to me without preparation. 
But I venture to express the grateful approbation of 
the alumni for this beautiful hall, and especially the 
satisfaction and pleasure with which they behold 
the crowning act of Gen. Hubbard, and their de- 
sire to unite with the President in the tender of 
their thanks for it. 

Bowdoin College long ago demonstrated its 
ability and its fidelity in its great preparation of 
its young men for the discharge of the duties of cit- 
izenship. It gave to all the learned pursuits and the 
professions its best gifts. It has given to literature 
the names of Hawthorne and Longfellow. It has 
given to medicine the brilliant name of Fordyce 
Barker. It has given to law, Justice Appleton, and 
later still, the Chief Justice of the highest tribunal 
in our country. It has given to statesmanship those 



great Dames of Evans, Fessenden, and Pierce, but, 
until 1861, had not shown that it bad taught the 
great lesson of courage ; but the bronze roll above 
shows that nearly three hundred students and grad- 
uates of this college were in the late war. They 
were in all branches of service. They occupied all 
positions from that of private to major-general, and 
the record shows that in that great and decisive 
battle of the war at Gettysburg, the right of that 
army was commanded by the oue-armed hero, John 
Howard. [Applause.] The left of that army was 
commanded by Gen. Chamberlain. [Applause.] 
Our graduates in the army not only faithfully per- 
formed their duties, but they won credit for 

But all of those three hundred have not returned. 
The cypress is woven with the laurel, and it is be- 
cause of those that did not return that I express the 
gratitude of our alumni. As class after class shall 
go forth from this college; as they shall here read 
in this building and in the bronze above the stories 
of the deeds of our brothers, it shall inspire in their 
hearts that same patriotism which inspired our 
brothers when they performed the deathless deeds 
and made the supreme sacrifices which render them 
immortal. [Applause.] 

John B. Redman responded for the Board 
of Overseers, giving some interesting facts in 
an entertaining and eloquent manner. 

Judge Haskell, of Calais, though not a 
graduate of the college, paid it an eloquent 
tribute as being the banner college of Maine. 
He referred to its prominence in legislation 
and every other branch of thought and 

He was followed by Judge Emery, of 
Ellsworth, the recently elected Professor of 
Medical Jurisprudence. He complimented 
the sincere and faithful work of the Medical 
Faculty, and referred to the fact that at the 
establishment of the Medical Department, the 
Legislature wisely determined that it could 
not be put in better hands than those of the 
Overseers and Trustees of Bowdoin College. 
He closed with this sentiment to both depart- 
ments, "Sana Menu in Corpore Sano." 

President Hyde then proceeded to call 
upon representatives of some of the classes. 

Dr. Allen responded for the class of 1839. 
He said that he had always found that his 
Alma Mater made no distinction between 
Methodist and Congregationalist, and con- 
cluded by making a touching allusion to those 
classmates, living and dead, of whom he was 
the sole representative. 

The representative from '59 was absent, 
and Oliver Crocker Stevens, of '76, the gen- 
erous donor of our organ, spoke in his place. 
He was very solicitous for the progress of the 
Observatory, and said that he felt it to be due 
from the younger graduates to complete the 
scheme which their elders had set on foot. 

Clarence Hale, Esq., of Portland, spoke 
for the class of '69. He went somewhat 
into a reminiscent strain at first, after 
which he referred to what he considered the 
distinguishing characteristic of Bowdoin 
men, namely, strong individualit\ r and broad, 
generous liberality of thought. He said that 
Bowdoin had a "faculty " of producing such 

President Hyde next called upon W. H. 
Pierson, Secretary of the class of '64. He, 
among other able remarks, paid a high com- 
pliment to the President of the College. 

As Mr. A. L. Lumbert, who was to have 
responded for the class of '79, was not pres- 
ent. This closed the speaking. Filled to the 
utmost with their intellectual feast, the guests 
went their various ways. 


In the evening Upper Memorial was filled 
with the Faculty and their wives, the sons of 
the college and their wives, and all the host 
of visiting friends. As usual, Brunswick was 
liberally represented. Until 11 P.M., gay 
laughter, ready wit, and learned discussion 
were afield. And thus terminated the most 
successful year in the history of Bowdoin 




A Guide to The Study or Nineteenth Century Au- 
thors. By Louise Manning Eodgkins, Professor of 
English Literature in Wellesley College. D. C. Heath 
& Co., Boston, New York, and Chicago, 1888. 

In the preface to this little work Professor Hodg- 
kins explains that it was originally prepared in the 
form of leaflets to accompany a course of lectures. 
" A frequent demand for single copies from teachers, 
leaders of literary clubs, and students from other 
colleges " subsequently led to their publication for 
wider and more general use. 

The work deals with twenty-six authors, eighteen 
of them English and eight American. In the case 
of each author there are given a list of biographical 
works, a brief list of what are called ''significant 
facts" in his life, a group of personal friends, the 
titles of his more striking works, or references to 
selected passages from them, and a list of critical 
books or essays upon various phases of the author's 
character or work. 

It is evident that these carefully prepared leaf- 
lets would be of most value in connection with the 
lectures which they were designed to accompany. 
Tbe line of exposition or criticism followed by the 
lecturer would be emphasized and illustrated by 
these groups, selections, and references, and the 
pupil would be stimulated and assisted, not only to 
listen more intelligently to the lecture, but also to 
follow out the line of thought by personal reading 
and research. 

The work, however, has an independent value, 
and this is fortunate for those who cannot enjoy the 
privilege of listening to Professor Hodgkins' lect- 
ures. The authors are well chosen, the biographical 
works and critical reviews are judiciously selected, 
and the books aud passages indicated as represent- 
ative of the several authors are wisely chosen and 
generous in number. Altogether it is a book to be 
heartily commended to the private student of mod- 
ern English literature, to literary clubs, and, per- 
haps, to teachers. 

Memory Training. A Complete and Practical System for 
Developing and Confirming the Memory. By William 
L. Evans, M.A. (Glasg.). New York, A. S. Barnes 
& Co., 1889. Cloth, 269 pp., $1.25. 

A good memory is a priceless possession. Every 
one realizes the fact. It is not marvelous that "pro- 
fessors " of memory training find plenty of people 

willing to pay heavily for a " system" that will re- 
store a weakened memory, or build up one that was 
never strong. 

Such systems are not essentially different from 
those that have been employed for hundreds of years, 
and the efficiency of any one of them is questionable. 
When you read the advertisement of any new discov- 
ery in this line, you may safely set it down as a trick 
to get money from the gullible. 

The author of this book does not pretend to set 
forth any new system of mnemonics, and though he 
introduces into it a number of series to be committed, 
he does not claim any merit for them but that of 
strengthening the powers of concentration. The 
bulk of the book is a scientific treatment, both from 
a physiological and a psychological standpoint, of 
" Memory as a power of knowledge." The volume 
is full of useful hints and is, altogether, the most 
thoroughly practical work on this subject that has 
ever appeared. 

Wit and Humor: Their Use and Abuse. By William 
Mathews, LL.D., author of "Words: Their Use and 
Abuse," "Getting On in The World," "Men, Places, 
and Things," etc., etc. Chicago, C. S. Griggs & Co., 
1888. 12 mo., pp. 405. Price, $1.50. 

In the preface Mr. Mathews states his belief that 
we Americans are overworked and over-serious, 
" and too generally lack the faculty or feeling of 
ridicule, the counterfeit detecter all over the world, 
and are therefore gulled by all those pretences 
which require a vivid sense of the ludicrous to be 
detected." This is a bold assertion to make of a 
people who are reckoned as the shrewdest in the 
world, and will hardly be admitted by the reader. 
However, that wit and humor, so potential for good, 
are often perverted by us to illegitimate uses, is all 
too true. It is this fact especially that tempted 
him to write the present volume. 

Mr. Mathews' ability as an author it would be 
ridiculous for us to discuss in this place ; he has 
long stood out as one of the finest prose writers 
that this country can boast. The book before us is 
fully in keeping with the high standard that he has 
set for himself in his former works. It sparkles 
with bright things collected from the literature of 
every age. The field is a new one, but it will be 
hard for any writer coming after to cover the ground 
more thoroughly than Mr. Mathews has done, and 
his work will remain for a long time the most 
valuable contribution to the literature of the 



Die Jodrnalisten, Lustspiel in vier Acten von Gustav 
Freytag. Edited, with an English commentary, by 
Walter D. Toy, M.A. Boston: D. G. Heath & Co., 
1889. Cloth, pp. 160. 

This volume is the most recent addition to Heath's 
German Series. The play itself is a highly esteemed 
production of an eminent modern writer of fiction. 
It is a play which suffers seriously when merely read 
and not assisted by the stage. The notes of the editor, 
Professor Toy, seem to us excellent and well calcu- 
lated to sustain the interest of the reader. There is 
at the same time a great deal wisely left for the 
teacher to do in the way of throwing light on the 
customs of the middle-class life of Germany, in 
which the scene is laid. 

La Society Frangaise au XVII. ieme Siecle. An ac- 
count of French society in the XVII. Century, from 
contemporary writers. Edited for the use of schools 
and colleges, with an introduction and notes by Thomas 
Frederick Crane, A.M., Professor of the Romance 
Languages in Cornell University. New York: G. P. 
Putnam's Sons, 1S89. 

We lake special pleasure in drawing attention in 
the few lines at our disposal to the above volume. 
Its 262 pages of contemporary description of the 
brilliant French society of the seventeenth century 
have been selected with the same care and skill 
shown by Professor Crane in the earlier companion 
volumes, "Tableaux de la Revolution Francaise" 
and "Le Romantisrae Francais." The abundant 
notes give evidence of wide research and are in the 
best sense stimulating. They are rich in biblio- 
graphical help and are well adapted to serve both 
teacher and student as a guide and introduction to the 
period of the great French classic writers. 

Le Mari de Madame de Solange, par Emile Souvestre. 
Edited, with English notes, by O. B. Super, Ph.D. 
Boston: D. C. Heath & Co., 1889. Paper, pp. vi., 57. 

One of the prominent features among the recent 
publications of Heath & Co. is the idea of furnishing 
short stories, well edited, in a convenient and inex- 
pensive form. This idea is an excellent one, and the 
choice of texts, thus far, has been highly satisfactory. 
This is eminently so in case of the above story by 
Souvestre. The text is well printed, the press-work 
bearing the usual clear and tasty appearance which 
is typical of all the works of this house. Prof. Super 
has added, to this story of some fifty pages, three 
pages or less of notes, or an average of one page of 
notes for seventeen or eighteen pages of text. This 
seems rather scanty to say the least. His three 
pages of notes touch only historical points, or render 

idiomatic phrases and constructions. He has no 
word to say regarding anything of an etymological 
nature, a feature which can ill afford to be overlooked 
at the present day. The edition, as a whole, com- 
mends itself, as in fact do all of this series, to 
teachers of French generally. 

An Account of a New Thermograph and some Measures 
in Lunar Kadiation. By C. C. Hutchins, assisted by 
Daniel Edward Owen. Pamphlet: 20 pp. From Pro- 
ceedings of American Academy. 

While Prof. Hutchins was prosecuting post-grad- 
uate studies at Harvard, in 1886-87, he was led to 
undertake the solution of some problems in radiation. 
The most interesting and absorbing of all problems 
of this character is that which concerns the amount 
of radiation from the moon, and it was to the investi- 
gation of this matter that Professor Hutchins applied 
himself. Lord Rosse once tried to determine the 
amount of heat from the moon, and since his time 
another great astronomer, Langley, has made a 
second trial. The results obtained by different ob- 
servers before his time exhibited great discrepancies, 
so that it may be said with safety that Langley is the 
first man to have attained to any accuracy whatever. 
One of the great difficulties to be overcome in an in- 
vestigation of this kind is the imperfection and lack 
of sensitiveness in heat-measuring instruments. 
Langley obviated this difficulty by inventing his now 
famous bolometer, a complicated device which an- 
swers admirably for measuring small quantities of 

Professor Hutchins followed in the footsteps of 
his predecessor in the study of lunar radiation to 
this extent — that he, too, invented a very sensitive 
heat-measuring instrument. But he has not followed 
Langley in devising a complicated machine. The 
new thermograph described in the jjaper before us 
is simple in the extreme. This is a great recom- 
mendation and goes far towards confirming our faith 
in the results obtained, for in all instruments in- 
tended for measuring small quantities of heat, the 
matter of simplicity is a very grave one. 

The greater part of the paper is taken up with an 
account of the observations made upon the radiation 
from the moon, the computations necessary, etc., etc. 
It will not be possible to consider these matters at 
length in this place, it is enough to say that the 
twenty pages of the "Proceedings of the American 
Academy" stand for a great deal of painstaking labor. 
Tliev are a monument to the industry of our instruc- 
tor in Physics, and every man in Bowdoin ought to 
be proud that the college can boast of so thorough 
and promising a scientist. 



General Catalogue of Bowdoin Collkge and the 
Medical School of Maine, including the officers of gov- 
ernment and instruction, and all who have received 
degrees from the institution, 1794-188S). Brunswick, 
Me., published by the College, 1889. Pp. 17G; paper; 
8 vo. ; 25 cents. 

Not the first General Catalogue of Bowdoin Col- 
lege ever issued, as the last Orient stated, but the 
first ever printed in English, has after two years' as- 
siduous labor by the editor, at length made its ap- 
pearance. That it fully satisfies all expectations 
need not be said. It exceeds in scope and magnitude 
any previous like publication of Bowdoin, and takes 
a foremost rank for plan, accuracy, and execution 
among the general catalogues of our American col- 
leges. A Triennial in Latin had been published 
regularly up to 1881, the catalogue appearing that 
year being from the painstaking hand of Prof. John- 
son, but since, with the exception of " Additions and 
Corrections to the [Biographical] History of Bowdoin 
College," 1887, no partial or complete list of the 
alumni has been put into print. It is expected that 
either a new edition of the 1889 catalogue or the 
names of living alumni, with their post-office ad- 
dresses, will be issued in 1894. Thus the intention 
is to change from a Triennial to a Quinquennial, a 
proceeding which will prove practically as conven- 
ient to the users of catalogues. 

After the mere lists of officers of government and 
instruction, come short biographical sketches of the 
academic, medical, and honorary graduates, while 
the necessary index and addenda and errata follow. 
Many entries are incomplete, especially those of 
Medical graduates, of whom no record, other than 
of names, had previously been kept. 

This chronological table occupies the first page : 
Incorporated, 1794; Instruction Commenced, 1802; 
First Class Graduated, 1806; Medical School Organ- 
ized, 1820; First Medical Class Graduated, 1821. A 
peep into the succeeding pages reveals the many fa- 
mous names, both among the faculties and alumni, 
of which Bowdoin has always been so justly proud. 
They need not be mentioned ; they are already fa- 
miliar. The names of some of the eminent honorary 
graduates, however, may bear repeating: Marquis 
de Lafayette, '24; Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, '49; 
Jefferson Davis, '58; Hon. Hugh McCulloch, '63; 
Gen. U. S. Grant, '65; Hou. James G. Blaine, '84; 
and President Hyde, '86. 

The oldest living academic graduate is Rev. Daniel 
D. Tappan, '22, Topsfield, Mass., born in October, 
1798, but there is one who, though younger, gradu- 
ated earlier, and now represents the earliest class 
having a member living, Rev. Thomas T. Stone, '20, 
of Bolton, Mass. 

The first class graduated 7 members ; the latest, 
39. The 84 classes have had an average of 28 men 
each. The largest class was '60, 55 men; '57 and 
'61 each contained 51 men. The smallest class was 
the three men of 1807. The most famous class, '25; 
graduated 38, of whom now six, 64 years after, still 
remain. The whole number of academic graduates 
is 2,286; medical, 1,485; honorary, 244. Deduct 
for repetitions and the total is 3,915. There are living 
1,326 academic graduates, 886 medical, and 75 hon- 
orary. Again deducting for repetitions the total is 

To Prof. George T. Little, '77, is due the credit 
for the useful and handsome catalogue we now have. 
He has labored indefatigably to perfect even the 
slightest detail. Nothing was too inconsequential to 
leave standing incorrect, and with praiseworthy zeal 
and ardor he has delved into musty archives and 
records to make right some apparently trivial matter 
or to collect scanty items of information. Hundreds 
of letters have been written, and in this line alone 
enough delays and vexations have occurred to dis- 
courage even the most enthusiastic cataloguer. Va- 
cations and periods which should have been given to 
rest and recreation have been devoted to the catalogue. 

The Professor's enormous efforts were largely a 
labor of love, as he assumed the editorship in addition 
to his other onerous duties. All through his work 
he lias had the efficient aid of his assistant, Miss Lane, 
to whose faithful co-operation the success of the book 
is due in no small measure. 


D. C. Heath & Co., will publish in September, 
"A German Reader: For Beginners in School or Col- 
lege. By Edward S. Joynes, Editor of the Joynes- 
Meissner German Grammar. The purpose of this 
book is made known by its title. Happily the many 
excellent editions of complete texts now render 
the old elaborate ''Readers" no longer necessary. 
Hence, the effort will be made here to give only 
what may enable the learner to read for himself in 
any further course, but to. give this thoroughly and 
helpfully. The selections will be easy and attract- 
ive ; and the notes and vocabulary will be prepared 
with the aid of long experience in teaching. The 
book may be begun almost with the earliest lessons 
in grammar, and the whole may be accomplished in 
one year of school, or one term of college. 

Theodore B. Wanamaker has given one million 
dollars to Princeton, the income to be given annually 
as a prize to students performing the best work in 
English history and language. 



That you're pretty, my dear, not a soul will 

And your manners, sometimes, are quite 
taking ; 

But, O gentle Co-ed, do please tell us why 
All this fuss about water you're making. 

You have come here to learn on the same terms with us, 

To enjoy the same blessings and favors; 
Now, pray, pretty Co-ed, why make such a fuss, 

If with water we moisten your labors? 

Do you think, if on us, to restrain our sharp tongues, 
You should turn some cold innocent water, 

We would shout the thing forth at the top of our lungs, 
Like Pa's " outraged and insulted daughter " ? 

My dear, there is one little thing you must learn, 

If to college you're bent upon coming; 
And that is, you must with the rest take your turn, 

Whether in classics, or science, or funning. 

Brown, '91, will manage the reacling-rooru during 
the coming year. 

The result of the examination for the Sewall Latin 
Prize was announced Monday, June 17th. C. H. 
Hastings was awarded first, and A. S. Dyer received 
honorable mention. 

Smith was the successful competitor for the Sew- 
all Greek Prize. 

It is the general sentiment among the boys that 
the college made a mistake in not sending the '91 
crew to Quinsigamond. Plaisted, of Portland, was 
confident of their ability to win, while Mr. Curtis, of 
Boston, offered to bear the entire expense. It seems 
strange, when there was nothing in the world to do 
but get aboard the train and go, that the college 
should put its foot in the matter as it did in the 
meeting of the association. It was not treating Mr. 
Curtis fairly, and the '91 men certainly did not do the 
square thing by their crew. The boys had worked 
hard and faithfully and had demonstrated their abil- 
ity to row, but when the question came up of send- 
ing them to Worcester, without an item of expense 
to the college, a meeting of the Boating Association 
sends up a vigorous " No "! 

The annual spring flood of circulars has struck 
the town. Quite a number of the students will can- 
vass during the vacation. 

In the ball game with the Presumpscots, "Vic"- 
surprised all of his admirers by his fine throw from 
the out-field. 

A large crowd witnessed the ball game on the 
13th. If we could always do as well, it would not 
be long before there would be no more need of a sub- 
scription book. 

Williamson, '88, attended the celebration in the 
interest of the Kennebec Journal. 

Once more we hail with delight the annual visita- 
tion of our venerable examining committee. 

Mr. Booker has just finished haying with much 
valuable assistance from the students. 

Our Tug-of-War team easily defeated the Colby 
team. They got six inches on the drop, and held 
it without difficulty, making no attempt to pull 
their opponents any farther. 

Fish, '91, won the Smyth Mathematical Prize of 
$300. Cutts was a close second. 

The prize men of '91 "treated" their classmates 
at Givens's, on the evening of the 22d. Fish fur- 
nished the ice-cream, and Hastings & Smith the 
cigars. Everybody made congratulatory speeches 
and afterwards marched up to the campus singing 
the grand old " hymn." 

It is rumored that there is to be a new Sophomore 
elective next fall. 

The Library has received a gift of $1,000 from 
the Rev. Elias Bond of the class of '36. 

The account of the Bowdoin-Colby Tug-of-War 
in the Boston Globe adds one more to the many mis- 
representations which we have received at the hands 
of Colby this year, through the medium of the Bos- 
ton papers. We can only construe it as a contempt- 
ible mode of revenge for the defeats which they have 
suffered from us, and it is inexcusable on any ground 

At last, inscriptions, suitable to the character of 
the building, have been placed in Memorial Hall. 
They are of fine artistic work, and are the gift of 
Gen. Thos. H. Hubbard, '57. 

The Junior Prize Declamation came off on the 
evening of the 24th, before a crowded house. The 
following were the contestants : H. C. Wingate, 
Bangor; O. W. Turner, Augusta ; A. E. Stearns, 
Quincy, Fla. ; G. F. Freeman, Everett, Mass. ; P. W. 
Brooks, Augusta; G. B. Chandler, N. Fryeburg; II. 
C. Royal, Auburn; V. V. Thompson, Friendship; II. 



H. Hastings, Bethel. G. B. Chandler was awarded 
first prize and Brooks second prize. The music was 
furnished by Given's Orchestra. 

The Boards have been asked by the Faculty to 
convert a part of the lower floor in North Winthrop 
into a new recitation room. 

There is no apparent reason why the campus 
should not be made as attractive for Ivy Day as for 
Commencement. The expense of cutting the grass 
twice a year ought not to be enough to bankrupt 
the college treasury. 

The Freshmen held their class dinner at the Fal- 
mouth, in Portland, on the 20th, with the customary 
amount of jollification. The following is clipped 
from the Sunday Telegram. 

The Bowdoin College boys created quite a sensa- 
tion on Thursday afternoon, as some forty or fifty 
of them passed down Congress Street, each with 
a cane at his shoulder and wearing a tall black hat, 
and singing "Marching Through Georgia." 

It is very probable that the north wing of the 
Chapel will be shelved in order to furnish the much- 
needed room for the library. 

A singular phenomenon — a class day without rain. 

All of the Greek-letter fraternities held reunions 
on Wednesday evening after the Commencement 

It is said that Mr. Graves, that eminently respect- 
able member of the Brunswick police force, antici- 
pates a quiet summer. He certainly deserves a va- 
cation, as lie lias labored hard during the past year. 
Mr. Graves is a (self) protectionist. 

There were three vacancies to be filled in the 
Board of Overseers, and one in the Trustees, this 

Donworth, ex-'90, now of United States Military 
Academy at West Point, was here Commencement 

Bowdoin students are not mean enough to bet 
on a certainty. Two of them recently were known 
to put up a wager on the age of a Brunswick damsel. 

The Sophomore German Prize will not be 
awarded until the end of next term, as the work is 
not completed until then. 

The following is a synopsis of Professor Little's 
report as Librarian for the past year: The number 
of volumes now in the library, 40,083, exclusive 
of pamphlets, which exceed 8,700, and the library 
of the Medical School, which is estimated at 4,000. 
The accessions for the last twelve months have been 
1,097 volumes and 200 pamphlets. The great need 
is for an adequate book fund, which Professor Lit- 

tle recommends should be raised to $25,000. "The 
total number of volumes loaned during the year has 
been 5,935, a daily average, including vacations, of 
nearly nineteen. The largest number issued on any 
one day was 77, on February 2d. While there has 
been a slight decrease from the previous year in cir- 
culation, the use of the library for purposes of refer- 
ence and study seems on the increase. Ninety-seven 
per cent, of the undergraduates are borrowers of 
books, and none have failed to make some use of its 
advantages. The library has been open on an aver- 
age seven and one-half hours per day, including va- 

The man who was so unfortunate as to suffer from 
a mistake in making change with an Orient editor 
for extra copies, Commencement afternoon, may re- 
ceive his due by notifying the Board and giving 
proper and conclusive description of the amount and 
character of his loss. 

55. — Gardner C. Vose, 
Esq., one of the oldest 
members of the Kennebec bar died at 
lis home in Augusta, June 13th. Mr. 
Vose has held various city offices and has 
represented the city in the legislature. He 
leaves a widow and two children. 

'5li. — General O. O. Howard was one of the 
speakers at the twenty-fourth anniversary of the 
National Temperance Society, held in New York 
City some weeks ago. 

'71. — Dr. W. K. Oakes, of Auburn, represented 
the Maine Benefit Association at the national meeting 
of the Mutual Life Insurance Companies in Wash- 

Ex-'75. — Mr. F. L. Furbish was in town for the 
celebration. He is General Agent for the State of 
Kentucky, for the Edison United Manufacturing Co. 
'73. — A. J. Boardman, Park Commissioner of 
Minneapolis, is at the head of a movement to erect a 
Longfellow memorial chapel at Minnehaha Falls. 

'75. — The engagement of Mr. Francis R. Upton 
to Miss Storrm is announced. 

'77.— Mr. O. M. Lord, lately principal of the 
Butler School in Portland, has been appointed Su- 



perintendent of Public Schools to suceeed Mr. 
Thomas Tash, '42, recently deceased. 

'So. — Mr. John C. Hall, of Bangor, was married 
June 12th, to Miss Clara E. Sawyer, also of Bangor. 
Mr. Hall is a graduate of the Bangor Theological 
Seminary, class of '89, and has just accepted a call to 
the Congregational Church at Presque Isle. 

'87. — C. H. Verrill, who is in the labor depart- 
ment of the Department of the Interior, will take a 
little trip to the Paris Exposition in company with 
several of his fellow clerks. 


One of the pleasing features of the recent cele- 
bration was the large number of Bowdoin men who 
were present and who helped to make the occasion 
a success. At the anniversary of the First Parish 
Church, Rev. Aaron C. Adams ('36), Professor 
William A. Packard ('51), and Professor E. C. 
Smyth ('48), were among the speakers. At the 
anniversary of the town, Dr. Alfred Mitchell ('59), 
was president of the day. Professor C. C. Everett 
('50), delivered the oration, Professor H. L. Chapman 
('66), the poem, and Hon. T. B. Reed (60), responded 
to one of the toasts at the dinner. While among the 
reporters was the familiar form of Williamson, '88. 


Austin, C. M. Principal of grammar school, of 
several hundred scholars, at Westfield, Mass. 

Austin, H. B. Manager of thespool and box factory 
at Weld, Me. 

Boutelle. Admitted to law practice at Minne- 
apolis in October. Member of the firm of Boardman, 
Lancaster & Boutelle of that city 

Burleigh. Chief proprietor and managing editor 
of the Kennebec Journal, Augusta,, Me. 

Burpee. Member of class of '90, Boston Law 

Gary. In department of Biology at Johns Hop- 
kins University. 

Choate. Medical student, Salem, Mass. 

Dearth. Until lately principal of higli school at 
Bolton, Mass. Recently appointed to railway mail 
service. Also studying law. 

Fowler. Employed by Edison Electric Light 
Company. Located at New York City. 

Gahan. Has been with Jordan, Marsh & Co., 
Boston. Lateral home, Brunswick. 

f.uodwin. Attending Julius Hopkins in depart- 
ment of Greek. 

Kimball. Studying law with his father at Nor- 
way, Me. 

Lane. Night editor, Kennebec Journal. 

Little. Law student, Auburn, Me. Since Jan- 
uary at the Boston Law School in the class of '90. 

Means. Engaged in banking and real estate 
business at Orleans, Neb. 

Merrill. Employed in the Eastern Office of the 
National Loan and Trust Company, at Portland, Me. 
Also studying law in the office of Nathan and Henry 
B. Cleaves, 

Moulton, C. T. Has been studying medicine at 
Cumberland, and at the Maine Medical School. 

Moulton, H. M. Studying medicine at Dart- 
mouth, and the Maine Medical School. M.D. at the 
latter school, class of '89. 

Parsons. Principal of grammar school at Win- 
throp, Mass. 

Perkins. Law student in office of Symonds and 
Libby, Portland. 

Plummer. City editor, Balh Times. Also en- 
gaged in other literary and correspondent work. 

Pushor. Law student in office of Nathan and 
Henry B. Cleaves, Portland. 

Robinson. Principal of Washington Academy, 
East Machias. 

Sewall. Principal of high school at Gorkam. 

Skolfiekl. At Johns Hopkins', department of 

Talbot. Employed by P. S. J. Talbot & Co., 
East Machias, Me. 

Torrey. Has a responsible position with Thom- 
son-Huston Electric Company, Lynn, Mass. 

Varney. Principal of high school at Walpole, 
N. H. 

Verrill. Employed in the United States Labor 
Department, Washington, D. C. Also studying law. 

There are eight Japanese students at Cornell. 

The Institute of Technology offers a prize of $100 
for the best college song. 

Examinations for admission to Yale will be held 
in nineteen different cities. 



The new telescope for the Washington observatory 
is to have a sixty-inch lens, the largest in the world. 
— Ex. 

Rev. Dr. J. H. Harris, for twenty years principal 
of Keystone Academy in Pennsylvania, has been 
elected president af Bucknell University. 

" Standing with reluctant feet, 
Where the brook and river meet," 
Are the pretty graduates sweet; 
Iu their gowns of silk and satin, 
Getting sheep-skins done in Latin! 
What a dainty beauty show! 
And — Sakes Alive! How much they know! 

— Washington Critic. 

■ The race between Cornell, Columbia, and Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania was rowed June 25th, the 
da}' before the Yale-Harvard race. 

The election of a President for Columbia College 
has been postponed till next October. 

Oxford has twelve American students, the Univer- 
sity of Berlin has GOO and Leipsic has about 200. 

More than thirty Yale men have signified their 
intention of going to the Chautauqua Summer 

No less than $1,500 was received as gate money 
at a recent Yale-Harvard game at New Haven. 

Realizing the disadvantages of society strife, the 
students at Williams are endeavoring to raise, by 
subscription, two hundred thousand dollars, to build 
a general chapter house. 

The Rutgers College students contributed one 
hundred and fifty dollars for the Pennsylvania suffer- 
ers. Cornell University collected eight hundred 
dollars, and a large number of the graduates of the 
college of Physicians and Surgeons offered their 
general services. 

Mr. Alexander Agassiz, representing an unknown 
person, has recently purchased more than 70,000 
square feet of land fronting on the Charles river. It 
is the intention of the purchaser to present this land 
to Harvard College for the use of the Harvard 
Rowing Club. The land is situated in a direct 
line from the college ground, and owing to the 
absence of strong tides at this point is better 
adapted to the use of the club than its present 
situation. — Crimson. 

Yale won the cup at the Intercollegiate games 
this spring for the second time in fourteen years. 

Professors Allen and Greenough, the writers of 
the Latin Grammar, have written a comic opera 
"Old King Cole." Professor Hardy has this year 

written both a treatise on Geometry and a beautiful 
story, " Passe Rose," published in the Atlantic 

Mr. Henry W. Sage, the princely patron of Cor- 
nell University, has announced a gift of $300,000 for 
the endowment of the library, and his purpose to 
make good the cost of the library building, amount- 
ing to $200,000, in case the university finally loses 
the Graw-Fiske suit. — Mail and Exj>ress. 


We've been holding weekly meetings 

At the house of my dear Bess, 
And to-night I send her greetings, 

For they've been a great success. 

Weighty things we've been deciding, 

In our little meetings there, 
I, of course, have been presiding, 

That's to say, I've held the chair. 

But last night the session ended 

In a very pleasant way, 
When the conversation tended 

To the power of love to-day. 

And to end the great congestion 

Of our thoughts, I said "Dear Bess, 

Are you ready for the question ? " 
And she sweetly answered " Yes." 

— Bnmonian. 

The Persian language is taught at Cornell. 

Dartmouth offers $500 for the best essay on 

Harvard has received $500 to start a special Ger- 
man library. — Ex. 

Stanford University will probably secure as its 
president General Francis A. Walker, now head of 
the Boston Institute of Technology. 

The. McGill University of Canada has refused to 
admit all lady applicants. 

Sixteen colleges and universities in the United 
States are without presidents. — Ex. 

The rage for costly college gymnasiums is not 
yet over. Vassar is to have a new one costing 
$30,000, and ground has already been broken for the 

Yale students use the broad granite steps of the 
new recitation building instead ot the historic fence. 
It is said that they will become as much of an insti- 
tution at Yale as the fence ever was. 

Two Dartmouth Freshmen have been suspended 
for the remainder of the year, because "for a little 
harmless fun" they scattered asafcetida in one of the 
recitation rooms. — Ex. 


Thurston's * Piano * House 


Is one of the old, long established, and successful business houses of Maine. 
believe in Maine. We first drew our breath in this good old State, and hope to 
draw our last here also. We have no time to enlarge on this point, 
but if you, or your friends are about to purchase a Piano 
or an Organ, a Stool, or a Cover, come right here 
and buy. You can't do better ; you might 
do worse. 



3 Free Street Block, 

















- u 



10 Free St., Portland. 



Vol. XIX. 

No. 6. 




GEORGts B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies cau be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Eutered at the Post-Oftice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 6.— October 2, 1889. 

Over the Net (poem) 115 

Editorial Notes 115 

Making Up Back Work, 118 

The Battle Scene Remains (poem), 119 

A Plea for " Dora," 119 

Reading and Re-reading, 120 

The First Week's Sports, 121 

Sunset on Mt. Kearsarge (poem) 122 

Book Reviews, 122 

Collegii Tabula 124 

Personal, 126 


Over the net a breeze was blowing, 
Waving her wealth of golden hair, 
Ease and grace in her movement showing, 
The very poetry of motion there, 
Over t>he net. 

Over the net the hall came hounding, 
Lightly I hit it hack again. 
Back it came, it was most astounding, 
But I would not return it then 
Over the net. 

Over the net we talked and chatted 
All that bright summer afternoon, 
Little I thought that I was fated 
To win a love-game from her so soon, 
Over the net. 

Over the net, how the recollection 
Brings to my mind that same glad thrill. 
Yes, she is just as much perfection, 
And in my dreams! see her still 
Over the net. 

college begins the year '89-90 
with the largest number of students and the 
largest and ablest corps of instructors in its 
history. The co-operation between students 
and faculty is perfect, the order is good, and 
the tone of morality is unexcelled by any 
college in the land. Everything that profes- 
sor and undergraduate can do is being done 
to increase the numbers and efficienc)' of the 
institution. Can the same be said of the 
alumni? The undergraduates think not. 
They expect a great deal from their elders. 
The}' point to them with pride and admira- 
tion, and they are inspired by their example 
and renown. They can see among them 
men, not only eminent in law, medicine, and 
theology, but also in finance. But they look 
to the college and see her in need of funds, 
sorely in need. They look to their rival 
institutions, and see legacy after legacy 
showered upon them and new buildings 
going up every year. They know that 
neither of them have graduates half so 
wealth}' or half so eminent as their own. 
They see Colby with three of the best fitting 
schools in the State and Bowdoin with prac- 
tically none. They, at the same time, see 
the latter still forging to the front, picking 
up large classes wherever she can, some from 
rival fitting schools, some from stray acade- 
mies, some from the city high schools, from 



sheer force of prestige and superiority ; and 
yet she is poor. The undergraduates feel 
that the alumni owe the old institution 
better treatment than that. They feel that 
she has earned it and is earning it every year 
of her prosperity. 

Last commencement President Hyde told 
the alumni at the dinner that they had had 
a long rest from importunities and that now 
they must prepare to be generous. Thej' 
were generous with promises. Now we would 
like to see a little cash. We have got enough 
of history and patriotism for our present 
needs. They are nice, but they do not 
build dormitories and observatories; they do 
not buy apparatus. Occasionally an Oliver 
Crocker Stevens appears in the horizon and 
shows that his heart is as large as his reputa- 
tion, but men of his stamp are sadly deficient. 
We do not think the main body of our 
alumni are disloyal; they are simply asleep. 

As undergraduates, we claim that our 
voices should have some weight in a matter 
of so pressing need. Work, able instruction, 
students and reputation are a good deal, but 
they are not everything. This is an age of 
apparatus and equipments and buildings and 
endowments, and just so sure as Bowdoin 
does not receive them, just so sure she falls 
behind in the race, sooner or later. 

The college is entering upon a reform, 
and the measure of its success will be the 
measure of its moral strength. The reform 
proposed and already begun involves a rad- 
ical change of front, both on the part of the 
Orient and of those whom it represents. 
The former unhesitatingly and unreservedly 
arrays itself in behalf of the new move, and 
in so doing it is confident that it repre- 
sents the almost unanimous sentiment of the 

The formal and, as we are informed, unan- 
imous action of the class of '92 commends 
itself to the admiration of the college world. 

There could be no more significant indica- 
tion of the spirit that pervades the institution 
than this quiet, unassuming, voluntary renun- 
ciation of a custom which, with all its faults, 
is endeared to upper classman and alumnus 
by some of the most pleasant recollections of 
his college course. When we look back upon 
the high expectancy with which we entered 
upon our fall campaign of Sophoinoric esca- 
pades, we can the better appreciate how 
great is the commendation due to the present 

The custom has heretofore had the appro- 
bation and support of the majority, which in 
a democratic institution was sufficient vindi- 
cation of its right to exist. But in a moment, 
as it were, the fallacious garb of prejudice, 
sentiment, and sophistry which has enveloped 
the old custom has fallen off, and the student 
body see it as it is in all its pernicious rela- 
tions. The majority has swung around and 
the beam of the scales tips the other way. 
There undoubtedly are those who, partly 
from pride and partly from conviction, would 
prefer to see the custom continue; but in 
nothing do they show their good sense as 
much as in calmly submitting to public sen- 
timent. They might, if they choose, find 
trumped-up excuses and continue a sort of 
border warfare throughout the year. But 
such a course would be productive only of 
injury to the college and humiliation to the 
participants. Dear as the old custom may 
be to us, the world has relegated it to the 
realm of social antiquities, and Bowdoin has 
been singularly backward in falling into line. 
But the class of '92 have taken the decisive 
step, and the old college tardily takes its 
station in the ranks. 

A word to Freshmen : You are receiving 
the best treatment of any class that has . 
entered the college for the last half century, 
and that solely through the generosity of the 
Sophomore class. It is fitting that you 



appreciate the situation and exercise the 
utmost care that there is no cause of offence. 
Indiscretion on your part might kick the 
whole thing in the head. 

The change is only formal ; the prejudice 
still remains. Bodies of men do not undergo 
an entire change of feeling so quickly. Judg- 
ment may tell them to exercise toleration, but 
passion is not so easily educated. You must 
remember that a Freshman is a Freshman, 
even though he be as dry as an Egyptian 
mummy. You may be just as good and just 
as worthy of respect as an upper classman, 
but you can't make people think so. This 
prejudice may be all wrong and doubtless is ; 
but it exists and since it does exist, you are 
bound to respect it. It will take more than 
one decade to extirpate it. 

Educated men respect privileges, mobs 
abuse them. If you wish to be treated as upper 
classmen, you must show yourselves worthy 
of it. As much depends upon you as upon the 
class above you, and if you are false to your 
position you can hardly expect those who 
have the prejudices of the past year to con- 
tend against to be true to theirs. Radical 
changes cannot be effected in a minute, and 
you must not expect the full measure of 
freedom at the outset. Keep your mouths 
shut. The class of 1903 may be allowed to 
talk, but you must keep quiet. 

A recent editorial in the Boston Herald 
gives some interesting facts and opinions on 
the universal increase in the size of new classes. 
In Yale the number of Freshmen in the 
academic department is two hundred and 
twenty, while at the time of the writing, 
there was a prospect of about three hundred 
at Harvard. These were but fair examples 
of the increase all over the country. After 
commenting on the large number of techni- 
cal schools and on the encouraging fact that 
the increase in college attendance more than 
keeps pace with the increase in population, 

it goes on to attribute the same to the 
increased attendance in our public and 
private schools. As the rolls of the one 
increase, the rolls of the other must increase 
also. " The question has been raised fre- 
quently, within the past few years, whether 
institutions for advanced study were not 
multiplying in this country more rapidly 
than the need for them was wanted. The 
latest statistics as to college attendance seem 
to furnish a sufficient answer to this in- 

Does the college advertise to take care of 
the things that are left in our rooms during 
the summer or does it not? If it does, it 
would better do it or reimburse the losers. 
If it doesn't, it would better put up a printed 
placard to that effect, so that those of scanty 
wardrobe can make calculations on the 
probable loss and provide for the cold winter 
months. The students have always mani- 
fested a deep interest in the Brunswick 
poor, and their sportulce have always been 
well attended. But like Bacon they believe 
that generosity the most praiseworthy, 
which chooses well its recipients, and conse- 
quently would prefer to be consulted before 
parting with their earthly effects. For this 
once, we will forgive the fact that something 
of more or less value has been stolen from 
nearly half the rooms, among them being a 
valuable carpet. ' But, let his Janitorship 
and the powers behind the throne look well 
to the future. Perhaps it would be well to 
charge it to " average repairs." 

We should practice at least four pitchers 
and three catchers; we should crowd as 
much work as possible into the Fall term in 
order that the election of members be early ; 
we should engage a professional coacher, by 
all means, and that as soon as possible after 
the conclusion of the National League 
contest, so that the greatest possible amount 



of time can be given to practicing any new 
methods he may teach. The reason why it 
is especially desirable that a professional be 
secured, is that our presumably weak point 
is the box ; and that is just the position 
which a professional would most strengthen. 
We have four or five men in college, who, 
with proper training, would be first-class 
pitchers. Why not furnish it ? 

The above is nothing more or less than a 
rehash of what we said in the commencement 
number. It is the opinion of all the best 
base-ball judges whom we have consulted ; 
and because it is such, it claims the attention 
of the management. 

It is to be hoped that some mode of 
ventilation will be furnished for the Reading 
Room before long. There are times when 
from twenty to thirty persons are stowed 
away there for a considerable time with no 
fresh air except what comes in from the 
occasional opening and closing of the door. 
The effect of this is heightened by a leaky 
coal stove, usually kept under light pressure. 
There are times when the air is positively 
unendurable to one coming in from out of 
doors. The old room is bad enough, but 
just at present it seems necessary. But it is 
manifestly absurd to augment necessary evils 
with those which can be easily avoided. 

In accordance with the usual custom of 
the Orient and all similar college journals, 
we send our publication to each member of 
the Freshman class, and shall enter their 
names upon our subscription list. 



In the workings of nature we see 
evidences that all life requires rest. The 
soil does not bring forth fruit the year round 
but requires a season of rest. The same 

soil will not always bring forth the same 
kind of crops so successfully two or three 
years in succession, but one jea,r produces 
one crop, another year, another. Thus the 
rest to the soil is brought about by bringing 
its different properties into work at different 
times. Fruit trees producing abundantly 
one year do not so much the next year. In 
animal life we see the endurance of a horse. 
Yet a horse can be and often is used beyond 
his strength. Hurried, worried and com- 
pelled to draw too heavy loads, it is soon 
rendered entirely unfit for use. With 
oxen and other beasts of burden it is the 
same. With man it is still more so. A 
business man hurried in his daily routine, 
with no respite whatever, soon becomes worn 
out and at a premature age is compelled to 
retire from business. 

A student attempting more work than he 
is capable of doing, is soon wearied and his 
mind is confused with ideas forming no 
slightest connection. The college course 
here is one which any student remaining in 
college, by hard work, can master. Yet 
there are many students whom financial 
affairs compel to remain out of college a por- 
tion of the year, engaged in the honest labor, 
which enables them to obtain an education. 
Until the present time this has been possible, 
but according to a new rule made last year, 
requiring all back work made up before 
entering a higher class, it is, in some cases, 
entirely impossible, and this rule threatens to 
deprive some' hard-working student of his 
desired education or to so completely exhaust 
him while in college as to render him entirely 
unable to work for a long time after his 
college course is completed. This rule was 
passed by the faculty, to check the tendency 
some students have of taking too great 
advantage of the great liberties in this 
line heretofore allowed. No one can deny 
that such tendency should be effectually 
checked, but who can say that the pres- 
ent measures are not too stringent. In 
some cases students are obliged to be out 



of college during the spring term, and then, 
after working hard all summer, return to 
college in the fall, to find themselves unable 
to go on with the studies of their class till 
their back work is completely made up. 
During this time the work of the fall term 
is accumulating and has to be made up also. 
This extra work, coming all together, is very 
injurious to the health, wearing to the nerves 
and exhaustive to the whole human system. 
The student requires respite from labor as 
surely as does the clergyman, lawyer, pro- 
fessor, business man and others. While we 
realize that the former system of allowing 
the student to take his own time for making 
up back work is very hurtful, yet is not the 
present system altogether too rigid? Instead 
of enforcing such an iron-clad rule as at 
present exists, why not allow each student a 
certain length of time to make up his back 
work, thus giving all equal chances. Justice, 
we know, is the practice of rendering to each 
man his due. Is it justice to compel one man 
to perform in ten weeks a task for which 
another man is allowed twenty. " Unto 
every man his due." 


By George S. Berry, '86. 
[From the Standard, New Bedford, Mass.] 

Somewhere in the expanse of heaven 
Is photographed the scene of every fight 
Where man with man contended : 
The flash of guns, the cannon's smoke. 
The sturdy grandeur of each sullen front 
Is placed and held forever. 

The memory of each bloody field 
Is held till death by all who fought; 
To all the rest a battle's but a name ; 
We see no landscape, listen to no sound ; 
We cannot see the charge, the rout, 
And comrades falling one by one. 

The battle scene of Gettysburg, 

And kindred fights, is fresh to-day 

Within the depths of many thousand minds ; 

The mention of the name brings up 
To many hearts the old exciting fire, 
The aspect of a hill, a dale, a brook, 
With bullets flying, and men falling. 

But slowly as the days go by 

These visions fade', first here, now there, 

As death goes stalking round, 

And takes the picture from each mind ; 

Until at last not one is left, 

And heaven alone retains 

The picture of that awful day. 


" Dora," the child-wife of the inimitable 
" David Copperfield," stands out in fiction 
like a deserted waif, without a single 
champion. Now I am perfectly aware of 
the fact that for greatness of soul, depth of 
thought and altitude of conception, the 
little girl would hardly reach par value in 
the feminine stock market. But if the old 
saying that " marriage is a lottery " be true, 
I am equally confident that a fellow might 
draw a worse ticket than " Dora." It is true 
that she couldn't run a kitchen nor keep a 
grocer's account; that she would get en- 
tangled in a mathematical maze and swim 
out of it in a flood of tears ; that she 
mightily respected the strength of her hus- 
band and of the other sex in general ; all of 
which characteristics are rank heresy in the 
eyes of our modern strong-minded female. 
I am aware that she never attended a female 
college nor delivered a lecture on woman's 
rights, which would equally bar her from the 
latest type of femininity. I am also aware 
that her love of " Doady," the sincerity of 
which no one will question, was not at all of 
the Platonic brand, but that it was what our 
modern intellectuo-spinsterial female would 
term " blind." In fact, I believe Aunt 
" Betsy Trotwood " did use that very 
adjective, though in a somewhat different 

But after laying bare her multitudinous 



faults in all their criminal depravity, I am 
still ready to take up the cudgel and enter 
the lists in her defence. In the first place 
she was good. Undoubtedly our female 
critic will say she didn't know enough to be 
bad. If so, why well and good. She was 
"good" all the same; so score one point for 
" Dora." Secondly, that " blind," unphilo- 
sophical love of hers was true and lasting 
and possessed just that soothing confidence 
which spreads itself over a fellow's soul like 
a ray of sunshine. This syllogistic affection 
may be logically invincible, but it doesn't fill 
the bill in a sentimental world; I maybe 
far behind the times, but I cling to the rabble 
and yearn for the old style. Thirdly, she 
would never pull a mau down, even if she 
did not inspire him to noble action, and of 
late years that is getting to be a character- 
istic of somewhat rare excellence. Fourthly, 
she would never rasp on a man's nature nor 
bridle his individual freedom. He could 
come home from his office at night with the 
perfect assurance that no shrewish phillipics 
were in store for him, and the smile that met 
him at the door, even if it didn't reflect the 
soul of a Madonna, would sit well on his 
tired nature, nor would it detract from his 
appetite for tea. After supper he would feel 
perfectly free to light his Havana in any 
room of the house, don his dressing-gown 
and slippers, take any chair he chose, deposit 
his feet on the centre table and settle down 
to an evening's enjoyment without a single 
compunction of conscience or connubial 
remonstrance. He could eat apples and fire 
the cores in the grate, pop corn and spill it 
on the floor, and, in short, violate the whole 
code of domestic laws in peace and security. 
And through it all "Dora" would look 
kindly and approvingly on, and pur and 
cuddle like a pet kitten. Is marriage a 
failure ? No. 

Love is the key of heaven. 


Said AVebster, " Many other students 
read more than I did and knew more than I 
did, but such as I read I made my own." In 
this short article no attempt will be made to 
treat the different phases of the many-sided 
subject of reading ; I shall only seek to 
enlarge and specialize the one idea suggested 
in the above quotation. 

It is not so much what one reads, as how 
one reads, and in respect to method, there 
are, in general, two classes of readers : The 
one are those who select a book of standard 
merit, perhaps read it over once, thoroughly 
or hastily as the case may be, and throw it 
aside forever. In their way, they are diligent 
and sincere, but they imbibe no permanent 
and valuable thoughts, and their chief hobbv 
in conversation is the rehearsing the names 
of authors and their productions. 

The other classare those who, like Webster, 
make the topics of their reading their " own." 
Books are like friends — for all life. The first 
reading is like first acquaintance, and in it is 
formed a sort of general impression of the 
character of the work. The second reading 
is like the inception of intimacy, and it in- 
duces a closer study of its nature, an appre- 
ciation of its faults and virtues. Subsequent 
readings and references are like the constant 
associations and consultations of close com- 

When one considers the various interpre- 
tations and suggestions afforded by a single 
sentence, like the one quoted above, when 
the course of his reading carries him along 
through hundreds of others equally pregnant, 
and when he adds to this the mental adjust- 
ment of part to part, the organization of a 
system of ideas and (if he be one), the 
reciprocal criticism of an independent 
thinker, he will then begin to have some 
conception of the shallowness and absurdity 
of a single reading. Unless a volume be so 



thoroughly known that its reader can find 
any sentence or idea that occurs to him, half 
its utility will be lost ; for the world is full 
of vague, intangible ideas that cannot be 
materialized. When a worthy book is found, 
it should be read and re-read, and at each 
reading new and richer thoughts will occur, 
old thoughts will turn a new and unexpected 
side, and the whole work will increase in 
charm and value. 



As the year 1889 is to become celebrated 
in Bowdoin annals as the one in which are 
comprised the days of demarkation between 
ancient Sophomoric tyranny and Freshmen's 
bliss and innocence unharmed, it is well that 
there be recorded in the Orient an authentic 
account of the first sports of this untried, but 
no doubt excellent new era. As near as any 
way, we may say that they opened on Thurs- 
day evening of week one with the usual 
Sophomore horn concert. In this affair the 
participants displayed commendable moder- 
ation and few consumptive symptoms. Every- 
thing passed off well, especially the tall hats 
and canes. In the passing off, many honor- 
able and memory-reviving scars were won by 
Sophomores in the defense of sacred personal 
property upon which an unscanty band of 
"yaggers" and other campus impedimenta 
paid most unwelcome and importunious 
court. All turned out satisfactorily to the 
Sophomores, however, as several white hairs 
and shaking bedsteads were reported among 
the Freshmen next morning. 

The post-chapel exercises of the next day, 
Friday, were no recitations and the Sopho- 
more foot-ball rush, wherein some glory may 
have been won by several members of the 
class, and which terminated after seventeen 

minutes in Cothren capturing the ball and 
using excellent leg calculation in getting 
into his end with the same. Great prowess 
was exhibited by " Mull." 

About three o'clock p.m., Friday, the 
Sophomores, with their usual symbolic deco- 
rations and mild demeanor, marched forth to 
the foot-ball contest, chirping the strains of 
old " Phi Chi " to the tintinnabulations of 
Emery's brass band and Wood's umbrella. 
The field was soon taken. Over the southern 
portion stalked the lordly Sophomore, while 
scattered over the northern, by the aid of a 
field-glass, might be detected, buttoned tight 
in their dickeys and corduroys, minute spec- 
imens of the genus Fresh. The Sophomores 
started in enthusiastically and well, and 
would have put the ball across the path 
with a rush, had not the contest been pro- 
longed by outside influence in the shape of 
a meagre number of upper classmen serving 
involuntarily in the capacity of Freshmen pro 
tempore. With a very few entertaining ex- 
ceptions the Sophomores admirably sup- 
pressed their complaints and slugging pro- 
pensities, and in due time Hull, '92, had 
driven the ball to the desired goal. Sopho- 
more referee, S. H. Erskine, '91 ; Freshman 
referee, F. M. Tukey, '91 ; Judge, " Cosine " 
Smith, '90. 

The Sophomore-Freshman base-ball game 
on Saturday was more interesting than for 
some years, proving a walk-over for the 
Freshmen, to the tune of 31 to 10. Some- 
where about eight innings were played, when 
the game was called by reason of darkness 
and rain. In the first inning Young, the 
Sophomore catcher, was disabled by a dislo- 
cated finger and Andrews, special, took his 
place to the general satisfaction. The Fresh- 
men won the day by hard batting and close 
fielding, the Sophomores after the first inning 
playing a listless game. Spring's pitching 
showed speed, but was rather wild at times. 
Neither Gately nor Dowries were specially 



effective and were poorly supported in out- 
field. Some features of the game were 
Gately's hot catch from the bat in the third 
inning, Spring's two home runs, one on 
errors, the other mostly on merit, Jones' fly 
catch in inner center field in the seventh, 
and Bartlett's line catch at second. The 
" chinning " was notably of a moderate 
type, rational in the compliments afforded, 
and presented from a gentlemanly distance. 
Every one (except Despeaux) is to be con- 
gratulated upon the general serenity of the 
occasion. Following is the score : 


A.E. R. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Downes, lb., p., ... 5 3 7 2 1 

Stacy, s.s 4 2 3 1 

Gately, p., lb 4 1 1 1 2 8 4 

Osborne, c.f., 4.0 1 2 

Andrews, c, ..... 4 1 1 1 10 1 3 

Swett, 3b., 4 1 1 1 1 

J. Merriman, l.f 4 2 

A. Merriman, r.f., ... 4 1-1 1 

R, Bartlett, 2b 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 

37 10 4 4 22 IS 13 


T.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Baldwin, 3b 7.4 4 4 4 

Spring, p., C 3 2 5 3 8 7 

Carleton, lb., ....6"3 2 2 3 1 

Jones, 2b., 6 4 2 2 2 

Hutchinson, ss., ... 6 4 2 2 2 

Ridley, c.f 6 1 2 

Savage, c 6 5 3 3 8 2 2 

Bucknam, l.f., .... 6 4 3 3 2 1 

Emery, l.f 6 3 2 2 

55 31 20 23 24 10 13 



Freshmen, 6144034 8—31 

Sophomores, .... 4 2 2 2—10 

Home run —Spring. Struck out — byGately, 6; Downes, 
2; Spring, 7. Passed balls— Andrews, 5; Savage, 6. Hit 
by pitched ball — Downes, Hutchinson. Hit by batted 
ball — Emery. Time of game— 2 hours 20 minutes. Um- 
pires — Fish and J. M. Hastings. 

I stood in the lengthening shadows 

To watch the day's decline, 
While the mists from the dripping meadows 
Climbed up the long incline, 

Till from the hill and mountain 

They drove the glow away, 
And wrapped both crag and fountain 

In a gloomy shroud of grey. 

And I thought with a chill of terror 

In my timid heart of youth 
How the fearful mists of error 

Have hidden the heights of truth. 

But I saw one summit hoary, 

With the sunset's beauty crowned, 

Which rose with a two-fold glory 
From the sea of mist around. 

Then I knew that the right was strongest, 
Though beset, like the lovely hill, 

It will shine through storms the longest, 
And truth is triumphant still. 


Selections from Wordsworth, with Notes. By A. 

J. George, M.A. D. O. Heath & Co., Boston; 1889. 

Pp. 430. Mailing price, $1.35. 

Few authors are so difficult to popularize as 
Wordsworth. To present him favorably and fairly 
to the general public, and especially to young people, 
is no light undertaking. His nobler thought is grave 
and almost austere; his philosophy is so essentially 
spiritual as to seem at times obscure ; and his literary 
theories, although sound in principle, were forced by 
opposition to such extremes that the poems in which 
he sought to illustrate them are almost ludicrous. 
Yet the man and his work present such a simple 
front of personal manhood, and are so integral and 
unique, that no element which was really there can 
be left out with justice, even in the most condensed 
presentment of him. 

The volume of Mr. George offers an admirable 
selection of his poems. In these days of specialties 
it has come to be an art by itself to make a judicious 
selection from the works of a voluminous author, at 
once comprehensive, fairly representing the different 
qualities of his work, and at the same time instructive, 
educating the taste alike by what it omits and what 

A comparison with Mr. Arnold's selection seems 
inevitable, although the two men made for different 
purposes. Mr. Arnold has written his own strong 
personality on every page of his little volume. Not 
only in preface and notes, but in the selections them- 
selves, you feel that you are not seeing Wordsworth 
for yourself, but seeing him with Mr. Arnold's eyes. 
Mr. George's adoption of the chronological order, 
instead of Mr. Arnold's arbitrary classification, brings 
you at once more closely and directly to the thought 
and heart of Wordsworth. An explanation, how- 
ever, should somewhere have been given of the 



double date at the head of each poem — date of com- 
position and date of publication — otherwise likely to 
be a source of confusion to the beginner in literature. 
Mr. George has omitted more of those poems which 
provoked the harsh criticism of contemporaries than 
Mr. Arnold did, yet he has included all that the 
world has learned to love. He has, therefore, pre- 
sented Wordsworth at his best, which is, after all, 
what we want, especially in a book for young people. 
, The notes are admirable, both in their fullness 
and their restraint. Almost all the best written on 
Wordsworth are introduced to the reader by allusion 
or quotation (we have noted over thirty), but in form 
so brief as not to be cumbrous. Yet we could wish 
that the books quoted had been indicated by title ; 
they might often have served as a guide to lead the 
young student into very stimulating and instructive 
lines of reading. The notes afford also many striking 
passages of original criticism and points of compar- 
ison with other poets, and the editor's reverence and 
love for Wordsworth are pleasantly felt throughout. 
With the volume on the Prelude and the one 
which will doubtless follow on the excursion, the 
student will have an adequate outfit for the thorough 
knowledge of Wordsworth. 

Syllabus English Literature and History. By A. 
J. George, A. M., instructor iu English Literature in 
the Newton High School. D. C. Heath & Co., Boston; 

This syllabus contains, in parallel columns, the 
names of the more prominent English authors, 
together with a few selected topics in literary and 
political history of the English people, with the 
evident design of exhibiting the syn-chronistic 
relations in the two lines of study. It does not aim 
at being exhaustive, and it is only in a general sense 
that it can be called comprehensive. We may accept 
the author's statement that he has found it of advan- 
tage in his own classes, without sharing in his hope 
that its publication will " further that spirit of 
literary and historical study which aims to appreci- 
ate the dominant impulses in the life of the past, 
and which, by encouraging the study of standard 
works, will end the divorce of literature and history." 

Looking Backward. 2000-1887. By Edward Bellamy. 
Boston and New York, Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1889. 
No recent book by an American author has called 
forth so much favorable comment as the one before 
us. With preparatory study, with only a keen 
imagination backed by a lively human sympathy, 
Mr. Bellamy has given here a clear and simple 
solution of the social problem. Even those who have 

devoted most time to working this vital question have 
not been able to give so complete an idea of social 

And they admit it. Howells, Hale, Stedman, 
Frances Willard, hail it as a true prophesy, and even 
those who do not share their sanguine hopes, lay 
down the book with a sigh because they cannot. 

Speaking of the way in which he happened to 
write the book, the author has said that his original 
intention was to write a fairy tale of social felicity — 
of an ideal government; but further thought upon 
the subject and a contemplation of the efficiency of 
the military system now being adopted by European 
governments, led him to conceive the idea of a great 
industrial army in which the individual should con- 
tribute his stated share, not to destruction but to 
production, and caused him to throw up his original 
plan for the one worked out in the present volume. 
As the work grew under his hand he became more 
and more convinced that lie had found the true 

That he has succeeded in setting people to think- 
ing, the amazing popularity of the book is a sufficient 
proof. The pretty little romance running through it, 
by no means detracts from its sale. Indeed the 
charming way in which he tells the story would 
alone win for Mr. Bellamy the high place that he 
will henceforth hold among our writers. The 
characteristic of everything from his pen is a style 
so clear and simple that you forget that it is a style. 

If his shorter stories were happily expressed, 
certainly in this more sustained effort he has not been 
less fortunate. 

The Pleasures of Life. Part II. By Sir John Lub- 
bock, Bart., M. P. MacMillan & Co., London and 
New York, 1889. 

The impulse to make the most of ourselves, the 
instinct of spiritual self-preservation is deep-seated 
in us all, and especially vigorous in youth. It is to this 
healthy instinct that the "Pleasures of Life " appeals. 
It embodies the results of the extensive reading, 
wide observation, and rich experience of a well-to-do 
man of affairs, and accomplished scientist, and a 
thorough-going utilitarian. It points out the rich 
treasures that lie all about us in Ambition, Health, 
Love, Art, Poetry, Music, Nature, Religion, and the 
Hope of Progress. It shows us how to be better 
friends with ourselves and more at home in this 
beautiful and glorious world. 

It is neither profound nor original. It does not 
move on a high moral and spiritual plane. But it is 
healthy and hearty; and it sets forth the maxims of 
worldly wisdom in a charmingly simple and lucid 
literary style. 



American Statesmen, Benjamin Franklin. By John 
T. Morse, Jr., Boston and New York, Houghton, 
Mifflin & Co., 1889. 

The literature of Biography has received no 
more noteworthy addition than the series of lives of 
American Statesmen recently appearing under the 
editorship of Mr. Morse. The editor has himself 
contributed several volumes to the series, this one 
among them. 

Mr. Morse's peculiar adaptability to this sort of 
writing was apparent in his former works but 
nowhere more than here. Though he has labored 
under the misfortune of having been preceded in his 
undertaking by so able a biographer as Parton, his 
work does not suffer by comparison, nor will the 
bright, original way in which he has handled his 
subject fail to impress itself on the reader. We do 
not share in the author's belief that his work has 
suffered from being constricted to these four hundred 
pages. Bulk has ceased to be a desirable feature of 

The typographical appearance of the book is just 
what we have learned to expect from these pub- 
lishers — elegant in every point. 


No. 17 of the Old South Leaflets is a copy of the 
letter of Verrazano to the king of France, in 1524, 
giving the results of his voyage to the West, and an 
account of the new lands discovered. It is the 
earliest discription known to exist of the shores of 
the United States. 

These leaflets are designed to place within easy 
reach of students, documents having important 
bearing on the history of our own country. Then- 
editors deserve encouragement. 

The Freshman pieanut drunk is now in order. 

"I understand that the Sophomores have given 
up the time-honored custom of ducking," remarked 
an Orient man to a member of '92, a few days ago. 
"Yes," replied the '92 man, " that is, we shall do no 
class ducking, though of course an individual pail 
now and then, in cases of extreme provocation, will 
still be in order." This explains a mystery. It will 
not be long now before some thirty or more sopho- 
morie individuals will be "hieing up " the stairs of 
the good old College Hall, each eagerly waiting to 
throw his "individual pail" of water upon the un- 
fortunate individual from '93" who has committed 
some slight act of "extreme provocation." 


" Those belles whose reign began of yore with 
George the Third's.— Byron's " Waltz." 

Some seasons past, when Boston tongues 

Did nothing but rehearse 
Dear Henry Dixey's praises, 

I ran across this verse : 

" When the girl who saw him first 
Grown into an aged crone is, 
Dixey, he'll be dancing still — 
The perennial Adonis." 

" Conversely this I'll demonstrate," 

Spoke out my chum so gay. 
" Take ' College boy ' and ' Brunswick girl ' ; 

Our theorem runs this way: 

" When the Fresh, who met her first 
Knows second childhood's fancies, 
We'll find the same perennial belle 
Still leading Bowdoin dances." 

It was during a Sophomore Physics lecture. The 
Prof, was illustrating to the youthful mind the dif- 
ference between the forces adhesion and cohesion. 
"Now, gentlemen," said he, "the affinity of water 

for Wood ! ! ! " Loud applause ! ! general woodup, 


The odor of vinegar, mingled with a tinge of ker- 
osene, in the reading-room on the morning of the 
25th ult, revealed to the college world the fact that 
the Sophomores had enjoyed their turkey supper the 
night before. Well done, 92 ! Well done ! 

Randall, '92, is teaching in Whitefleld. 

Bowdoin meets Bates once more on the ball field, 
at Lewiston, October 5th. 

Smith is the only man from '91 possessed of suf- 
ficient nerve to tackle the Junior Latin. 

It is rumored that the Junior Latin Class has for- 
sworn the vicious practice of " wooding." 

A new addition to the Brunswick police force re- 
cently attempted the arrest of an honored member of 
Bowdoin's faculty. 



A. W. Tolman, '88, the new tutor in English Lit- 
erature, will take charge of themes this year. 

The first themes of the term are due October 9th. 
Theme subjects are as follows : 

I — Should the Government Own and Control Railroads and 

Telegraph Lines? 
II — Recent Labor Troubles in England. 
Ill— The Prose Style of Edgar Allan Poe. 

I — Should Bowdoin Have a Rugby Eleven? 
II — Are Dickens' Character Sketches True to Life ? 
Ill — A Description of Scenery or a Walk. 

Among the alumni who have visited the college 
recently are W. E. Frost, '68 ; Wright, '83 ; Pushor, 
Merrill, Little, and Burleigh, '87 ; Williamson, '88 ; 
Files, Neal, Hideout, Elden, and Watts, '89. 

The following facts may be of interest to the in- 
coming class : The class of '23 entered Bowdoin 
with thirty-three men ; '33 brought in thirty-four 
men ; '43, fifty-three men ; '53, twenty-nine men ; 
'63, fifty-six men ; '73, forty-three men; '83, thirty- 
nine men, and now '93 comes upon the Bowdoin 
boards forty-eight men strong. 

Wingate, '90, passed his vacation at Tacoma, 
Washington State, and other points in the West. 

Where is that Freshman peanut drunk ? 

J. C. Parker, '86, is acting as assistant in Biology 
under Professor Lee. 

At the regular fall meeting of the Base-Ball Asso- 
ciation officers were elected as follows : President, 
Allen, '90; Vice-President, Jordan, '91; Secretary 
and Treasurer, H. U. Emery, '92; First Director, 
Pendleton, '90; Second Director, Brown, '91 ; Third 
Director, Durgin, '92. At a later meeting J. D. Mer- 
ryman was chosen Treasurer, vice Emery, resigned. 

The Topshams gave the boys a surprise party by 
their brilliant playing Saturday. 

G. F. Freeman, captain of the ball- nine, is laid 
off at present with a lame ankle. 

Buy base-ball goods at Pendleton's. 

Speaking of free " ads," how about that one Presi- 
dent Hyde gave "Whit" in chapel, Sunday. 

Loring, '91, is the latest addition to the Library 

Several important changes have been made in the 
arrangement of the Library during the past summer. 
Considerable room has been gained by building al- 
coves and shelves in the old cast room in the north 

wing of the chapel, the casts being arranged here 
and there throughout the library, and the sketches 
placed in the Walker gallery. The periodicals have 
been removed to the south wing, and the door of the 
wing, so long closed, has been opened for the greater 
convenience of the student body. 

It is probable that a general literary society will 
be formed among the students some time during the 

The last newspaper accounts from Colby reveal 
the fact that hazing has been abolished at that insti- 

And now the season is at hand when the Orient 
feels in duty bound to " bob up serenely" as usual 
on the perennial base-ball question. Never have the 
prospects been better. Last year Bowdoin was weak 
at third and short, and there seemed to be an alarm- 
ing scarcity of pitchers, but with the new men from 
'93, and Burleigh and Bangs, who were unable to 
play last season, from '91, it begins to look as if 
every point will be well covered. Packard should 
be allowed to play his old position at first, and with 
Burleigh, Downes, and Hilton in good working con- 
dition Bowdoin certainly cannot be called weak in 
the box. The Orient hopes to see the nine run this 
year in the interest of the college, without regard for 
society advantages. It should be run on the princi- 
ple that the man who works the hardest and plays 
the best ball shall be given a trial on the team, no 
matter to what class, or to which of the five Frater- 
nities he may belong. With this system of manage- 
ment and with conseiencious training on the part of 
the players, there seems to be no reason why Joe's 
nine should not be the best aggregation of ball 
players in the college league. 

Professor Matzke of Johns Hopkins University, 
is taking charge of the French this year. 

'91 and '92 have gone into partnership on the 
French question. 

Elective French is to be no " schnap " this year. 

South Appleton boasts an artist of no ordinary 
ability. A fine pastel, entitled "Sympathy," is 
among his finest productions. 

The room in North Maine formerly used as a 
Y. M. C. A. room, has been fitted up as a recitation 
room and placed in charge of Professor Johnson. 

It took twenty-five rushes to settle the Sojjhomore- 
Freshman foot-ball game this fall, Hull finally kicked 
the ball over the line. 

The Sophomore foot-ball rush this year was one 
of the gamiest contests of the kind ever witnessed 



at Bowdoin. Several plucky dashes were made, 
Cotbre.n finally securing the prize. 

Tutor Cole is wielding the Brunswick pen for the 
Bath Sentinel. 

At the annual meeting of the Pejepscot Canoe 
Club, Fish, '91, was elected purser. 

Burleigh, '91, will, report the proceedings of the 
Y. M. C. A. convention to be held at Waterville the 
latter part of the month. 

The elective French division held a short session 

Kugby foot-ball is being played quite extensively 
at Bowdoin just at present. A new ground has been 
laid out at the south end of the campus, below 
Appleton, and a long line of demoralized cripples 
can be seen each evening in the gathering twilight 
wending their way from thence to their respective 

There has been come talk of arranging a game 
with Tufts to be played at Brunswick. 

Pennell, the all-around base-ball man from Bates, 
has entered '93. 

The new rule in regard to making up has left a 
number of " visitors" on the hands of the college. 

The Junior, ('90) German prize has been awarded 
to Blanchard. 

Wood, '93, captured the Freshman French prize. 

The annual horn concert which was advertised 
by the Sophomores to come off on the night of Sep- 
tember 19th resulted in a general hat, horn, and 
cane rush between '91 and '92. The disputed cane 
was finally won by the Juniors, and most of the '91 
men now boast a hat and horn to hang triumphantly 
above the book-ease. 

Is tennis on the decline ? It would certainly seem 
so, judging from the lack of energy or inclination 
to arrange a fall tournament. '93 has brought the 
college some line tennis material, and the question 
of the college championship should be decided. 

A fund of $ 1,000 has been placed in the hands 
of the trustees, the annual income of which is to be 
offered as a prize in English composition. 

'84. — Z. VV. Kemp has been elected Assistant 
Principal of Tabor Academy, Marion, Mass., at a 
salary of $1,400. 

-.; and '80.— Mr. F. M. Fling, '83, late Principal 
of ili'- Biddeford High School, ami Messrs. A. R 
Butler and A. A. Knowlton, '86, are studying at the 
I (Diversity of Leipsic. 

'28.— Mr. Henry Weld 
Fuller of Boston, the de- 
signer and treasurer of the VVoodlawn 
Cemetery, died suddenly at his home 
on Wednesday evening, August 14th. Mr. 
Fuller came of an old Maine family, his 
father being Judge Henry W. Fuller of Augusta. 
Chief Justice Fuller was a nephew and Margaret 
Fuller a near relative. Mr. Fuller was born in 
Augusta, January, 1810, and at an early age entered 
Bowdoin. He graduated in 1828 and was salutato- 
rian. He studied law with his father and at the 
Cambridge Law School. He traveled in Florida in 
1830, and on his return was admitted to the Kennebec 
Bar and for ten years was a partner with his father. 
In 1841 he moved to Boston, where he was for 
thirteen years in partnership with Charles A. Derby 
and for eleven years Clerk of the Circuit Court of the 
United States. Since resigning, Mr. Fuller has been 
trustee and treasurer for various persons and corpora- 
tions. He has been connected with the VVoodlawn 
Cemetery ever since its construction in 1851. Mr. 
Fuller married, in 1835, Miss Mary Storer Goddard, 
daughter of Nathaniel Goddard, a well-known mer- 
chant of Boston. His three daughters survive him, 
two sons having died many years before. 

'53. — Dr. George 15. Upham, a prominent physi- 
cian of Yonkers, N. Y., died August 9th, after a short 
illness. Dr. Upham had been failing in health for 
some time. He was a son of Professor Upham, and 
graduated at Bowdoin in the class of '53. Dr. Upham 
practiced in Yonkers successfully for many years. 
At the time of the war he was appointed a member 
of the Board of Enrollment in the Ninth Congres- 
sional District. At the close of the war Dr. Upham 
was appointed examining surgeon of claimants for 
pensions. Dr. Upham was highly esteemed, and 
will be mourned by a large circle of friends. Mrs. 
Upham, two daughters and a son survive him. 

'61. — Past Assistant Engineer Joseph B. Upham, 
U. S. N., retired, died in Portsmouth, N. H., Tues- 
day, August 13th, of heart disease. Mr. Upham was 
born in Portsmouth, December, 1810. He was edu- 
cated at Phillips Exeter and at Bowdoin. He entered 
the Navy the year after graduation and served as 
Engineer until his retirement in 1875. Mr. Upham 



was a member of the DeWitt Clinton Commandery, 
K. T., and of the order of Cincinnati. 

71. — Mr. A. G. Whitman is Professor of Biology 
in Clark University, Worcester, Mass. 

'86. — W. W. Kilgore of Mazo, Minn., has re- 
moved to Marshall, Minn. 

'87. — L. B. Varney has been chosen Principal 
of the Fairhaven, Mass., High School, vice Z. W. 
Kemp, '84, resigned. 

'80. — F. L. Smith has been chosen Principal of 
the Needhatn, (Mass.) High School. 

'88. — Mr. G. H. Larrabee was married in Rock- 
land, in August, to Miss Grace D. Evans. 

'88. — A. W. Meserve is Principal of the Monson 
Academy, Monson, Me. 

'88 — H. L. Shaw is Principal of the Grafton 
(Mass) High School. 

'88. — M. P. Smithwick is Principal of the High 
School at Thomaston, Me. 

'88. — W. W. Woodman is Principal of the High 
School, Gorharn, Me. 

The following report of the class of '89 is kindly 
furnished us by the class secretary, Mr. Emery : 
Class of '89. 

Adams, teaching; Mclndoes Falls, Vt. 

Bodge, law student with Boutelle, '87, Minne- 

Carroll, on a trip across the continent with Hayes. 
Carroll 'intends to remain in California several 3'ears 
and study law. 

Clark, Principal Kennebunk High School. 

Crocker, law student, Paris, Me. 

Doherty, law student with Madigan & Madigan, 
Houlton ; also teaching a grammar school in the 

Elden, enters Johns Hopkins University, this fall. 

Emery, reporter, Evening Citizen, Lowell, Mass. 

Files, enters Johns Hopkins University, this fall. 

Fogg, C. H., with the Frederick Taylor Co., 
hardware, etc., Lowell, Mass. 

Fogg, S. L., Principal High School, Island 
Pond, Vt. 

Freeman, teaching a grammar school, Thomaston. 

Gilpatric, in business, Saco, Me. 

Hayes. (See Carroll.) 

Hersey, preached at York during the summer. 
Entered Andover Theological Seminary this fall. 

Hill, insurance business, Portland. 

Libbey, has passed a successful civil service 
examination at Washington, and been put on the 
Maine eligible list for a government position. 

Little, Principal North New Portland High School. 

Lynam, enters Maine Medical School, February 

Merrill, Electrician; Edison Electric Light Co., 
432 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

Mitchell, Principal Freeport High School. 

Neal, law student with Mattocks and Neal, Port- 

Owen, entered Andover Theological Seminary, 
this fall. 

Phelan, will study for the Unitarian ministry. 

Prentiss, attended Springfield (Mass.) Training 
School for Y. M. C. A. gymnasium directors, during 
the summer. 

Rice, enters Columbia Law School, this fall. 

Rideout, enters a wholesale druggists' in Port- 
land, the first of October. 

Robie, farming. 

Rogers, Principal Farmington High School. 

Russell, F. C Principal Warren High School. 

Russell, F. M., in business, Boston. 

Smith, E. B., head clerk, United States Marshal's 
office, Portland. 

Smith, O. R., junior partner of the firm Ellis & 
Smith, clothiers and dealers in gents' furnishings, 
Middleborough, Mass. 

Stacy, enters Johns Hopkins University this fall. 

Staples, law student, with Baker, Baker & Cor- 
nish, Augusta. 

Stearns, entered Andover Theological Seminary 
this fall. 

Thvving, law student, with N. & H. B. Cleaves, 
Portland (?). 

Watts, enters Clark University this fall. 

White, intends to enter the Harvard Medical 

A. O. REED, 



Special Rates to Classes I Students 

Interior Views Made to Order. 

A Good Assortment of Brunswick and Topsham 
Views i also College Views. 


Thurston's * Piano * House 


Is one of the old, long established, and successful business houses of Maine. We 

believe in Maine. We first drew our breath in this good old State, and hope to 

draw our last here also. We have no time to enlarge on this point, 

but if you, or your friends are about to purchase a Piano 

or an Organ, a Stool, or a Cover, come right here 

and buy. You can't do better ; you might 

do worse. 

SAMUEL THURSTON, - - 3 Free Street Block, 













D 5 




£ (^ 

C. S K. 



Gives the nearest approach to 
artificial daylight possible. 

Every one in town and country 
uses kerosene lamps of some descrip- 
tion for reading and writing, and 
this notwithstanding the abundance 
of gas and electric light. 

The Steadiest, Strongest, 

Safest, Most Easily 


modern lamps, is the 


When ready for a new lamp enquire 
for " DAYLIGHT." If your local 
dealer hasn't it, write direct to 


No. 38 Park Place, NEW YORK, 

CRAIGHEAD & KINTZ CO., 33 Barclay St., New York- 



Vol. XIX. 

No. 7- 



George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 


Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com* 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wdshes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 7.- October 16, 1889. 

Ode to the Fog 129 

Editorial Notes 129 

College Fraternities lor Women 132 

Conversation at a Picnic, 134 

Recent Gifts to the College, 135 

A Needed Addition, 136 

The Freshman, Psychically, 137 

Base-Ball 138 

Collegii Tabula 138 

Personal, 140 

College World 141 


O damp, damp mist, arising from the sea, 

Shutting the beauteous prospect from onr view, 

We tell thee ere upon us thou dost come, 
In truth, we have no earthly need of you. 

Thy presence is a damper to our joy, 

Thou tak'st the crimp from out our best girl's hair. 
We wish it from the bottom of our hearts 

That thou wert anywhere excepting here. 

This one thing we would add before we go, 
And ask thee patient to our tale to list, 

Perchance this chestnut thou hast heard before, 
But really, Fog, "you never would be missed." 

the intention of its founders and such has 
been the aim of its overseers and instructors. 
A Christian college implies a more or less 
intimate connection with some Christian 
church, and for that reason it was put in 
close relations with the old church on the 
hill. Nearly a century's fruitage of strong 
men has justified the wisdom of that pro- 
vision. The church and the college have 
been a mutual inspiration to each other and 
have grown strong and vigorous side by 

Efficiency in a church means a lively and 
fervent interest in its sermons and the healthy 
respect which that interest begets. This 
comes only by adapting the methods and 
discourses to the character of the congrega- 
tion. The power of adaptation lies with the 
minister; if he willfully fails to exercise this 
he is false to his duty. If he is unable to do 
it, but stands in the light of some one who is 
able, he is equally false to his duty. Further- 
more, if the leading members of the church 
appreciate the situation and make no move 
toward betterment, they also are false to their 

Attendance upon Sabbath service is one 
of the rules of the college. The letter of 
this is well observed ; the spirit is sadly vio- 
lated. Physically the college is well repre- 



sented ; intellectually it is absent — some 
with Dickens, some with day-dreams, some 
with Morpheus. It is nothing more or less 
than a farce. This is a strangely unnatural 
sight — over a hundred keen, alert, impressi- 
ble, responsive young men, the very repre- 
sentatives and essence of the cultured life of 
the coming generation, sitting there totally 
indifferent to the enunciation of that princi- 
ple to which they are indebted for their 
opportunities, and which they all, converts 
and non-converts, recognize as the great cen- 
tral fact of this enlightened age. What is 
the trouble? Are the sermons poor? Highly 
educated men say, No. Can't the boys ap- 
preciate a good thing? Undoubtedly they 
can. Where is the hitch, then? It is right 
here, the preaching is not adapted to their 
tastes. They don't like it, and they never 
will. It is able ; it is erudite ; it is fervent; 
but -it does not have the clear ring, the rich 
shadings, and the impetuous flow that awakens 
response in the college boy's heart. It will 
not snap them up in their pews and set their 
brains and hearts to working. Nor does it 
command that hearty respect which we have 
reason to believe characterized an earlier 
day. It provokes enough of cheap waggery, 
while slighting criticisms are not wanting 
from some of the students who are professed 

This is a delicate subject and one calcu- 
lated to bring down vials of righteous indig- 
nation from some source or other. But it is 
a fact all the same, and one of no small bear- 
ing upon the efficiency of the college. Some- 
thing ought to be done; just what or how, 
we have not the remotest idea. The Faculty 
are prominent members of the church; they 
ought to know how matters stand. Nay 
more, the pastor ought to know, also. Of 
course it is not necessarily any reflection 
upon a clergyman's ability that he cannot 
interest a pack of college boys; it simply 
shows that he has not found his level. Lyman 

Abbott, if we may credit his own statement, 
was a total failure in a certain Western 
church, but it appears he was good enough 
to edit the Christian Union, and to fill the 
place of Henry Ward Beecher at Plymouth 
church. Who knows ? 

Perhaps some of the good Brunswick 
fathers will say, " What have those imperti- 
nent young scamps up at the college got to 
say about it any how?" 

Fair and easy, my grave and reverend 
sirs, fair and easy ! The students are the 
college ; the college is the right arm of the 
church. Without the students there would 
be no college ; without the college there 
would be much less of a church, as instance, 
the citations and reminiscences of more than 
one speaker at the church reunion last sum- 
mer. It is the official college church, and 
the one which the professors of the college 
attend and support. It carries with it the 
prestige of the college and owes a large degree 
of its success to it. For these reasons we 
claim the privilege of having something to 
say about the preaching. 

Our earlier premises would lead to still 
other conclusions that would better be in- 
ferred than stated, perhaps. Take them for 
what they are worth. 

We would advise the incoming class to 
take any criticisms they may hear made by 
upperclassmen against instructors for what 
they are worth, and then enter the first reci- 
tation and form their own opinions. 

Unfortunate is the Professor who does 
not win the popularity of his classes on his 
immediate arrival, for to pull back into favor 
against the current of tradition and prejudice 
is a long and tedious task. It would seem 
that educated young men, who of all classes 
should be most liberal in their ideas and most 
generous in their impulses, would be least apt 
to cling to old prejudices, but experience, in 



this college at least, has shown that the con- 
trary is the case. Once let a Professor get 
the ill-feeling of a class and it will be handed 
down to succeeding generations with an 
almost vindictive persistency. Every Fresh- 
man class goes into the initial recitation with 
a vivid expectation of all his faults and foi- 
bles, and a predisposition not to like him. 
He may have changed his whole methods and 
demeanor from that under which he first fell 
into disfavor, and yet he encounters the same 
perennial wave of unpopularity. He is 

We would in no wise underestimate the 
importance of the fact that some men were 
not born to instruct or to govern. We are 
well aware that there is a subtle, indefinable 
presence about other men that compels 
attention and inspires thought. We are well 
aware that some Professors are troubled with 
a certain over-consciousness in the exacting 
of tasks and the fulfillment of their duties, 
which defeats the very ends for which it is 
intended, and that it takes an inexcusably 
long time for them to learn that popularity 
is the price of success. But they learn it 
after a while, and it is a deep injustice for 
tradition to deter incoming classes from 
meeting them half way. A man may not be 
a born teacher, but to say that persistent 
training and observation will not make him 
one in time, would be to dispute a funda- 
mental law of development. Because a man 
was not a success once, it by no means fol- 
lows that he may not be one now. 

We were never able to understand why 
the reading-room is not supplied with a Sun- 
day paper. This issue is admittedly the 
most interesting and profuse of the week. 
It is the one into which the management 
throw the most of ability, editorial and re- 
portorial, and is, in consequence, the one 
which we can least afford to spare. Take, 

for example, the Sunday Herald of October 
6th, and we find an entire page devoted to 
fresh and scholarly editorials upon the lead- 
ing issues of the day. These are not the 
mere vaporings of some pig-headed literary 
autocrat, who sits in his sanctum and grinds 
off editorials, to order, upon any subject that 
is given him. They are articles written by 
various men from all parts of the country. 
All the leading papers are coming to hire 
specialists to write their editorials, and con- 
sequently they carry with them the weight 
of authority, partisan it may be, but author- 
ity all the same. A good illustration of the 
topics treated is found in the issue just 
alluded to. They include such subjects as 
" What Destroyed Slavery? " " Safety in Re- 
striction " (of coinage), " A Word to Our 
Visitors " (referring to the delegates to the 
Pan-American Congress), " Marriageable, but 
not Married " (criticising the growing cus- 
tom of close chaperonage for young ladies, 
a touching subject), " The Second French 
Election," and "Should the Pope Quit 
Rome ? " These are all topics whose enumer- 
ation is sufficient recommendation. So, if 
only from an editorial point of view, it 
seems a pity to have the Sunday edition left 
off the list. 

Aren't these small boys getting to be 
rather a nuisance? It is somewhat tiresome 
to respond to a rap at the door eight or ten 
times a clay solely to answer the query, 
" Want any work done "? We know noth- 
ing of the present attachees' character, but 
past experience has taught us that the average 
Brunswick small boy is not above helping 
himself to what comes in his way. He knows 
a good thing when he sees it. This fact of 
itself should have some weight, but it is in- 
significant compared with the annoyance 
occasioned by the solicitation above referred 
to. If they would confine themselves to 



reasonable methods it would be more endur- 
able, but the irrepressible smartness which 
characterizes their demeanor does not tend to 
mitigate one's wrath after responding to rap 
number eight. Wouldn't it be a good scheme 
to adopt the indispensable W. S. and the in- 
valuable Mahoney, and bid all others avaunt. 
What say, Mr. Booker? 

The class of '92 have, indeed, showed a 
spirit of true manhood in adhering so firmly 
to their resolutions. They will, and doubt- 
less have found enough to sneer and jibe 
at them, — never was there a reformer in 
history, from Luther to John Brown, but 
found that. There is always a certain class, 
opposed to law and order, who hate reform 
and who have no respect for majorities or 
popular opinion. They always give the im- 
pression of being more numerous than they 
are because their capabilities for noise are 
infinite. But they are not the safe party to 
trust as councilors. You have all the lead- 
ing colleges in the land on your side. You 
are in good company, 'Ninety-Two. Stand 
by your position and you will see the day 
when the very ones who most oppose you 
will admire your spirit. 

We would especially commend to the at- 
tention of our readers the article on "Recent 
Gifts to the College," not that it possesses 
any literary merit but because it tells some- 
thing of the college's friends and the wa} r in 
which their friendliness is manifested. It is 
to men of this stamp that we owe our pres- 
ent advantages, and to whom the bulk of the 
higher education of the land owes its ex- 
istence. The applause which greeted these 
successive announcements by the President 
expressed more significantly than any words 
could do the degree in which these kind- 
nesses are appreciated. 



By a College Girl. 

In several of our magazines of late there 
have appeared articles on college fraternities 
which have excited general attention. 
Strange to relate, however, these articles 
have either entirely omitted or have rele- 
gated to the background the account of the 
rise and development of the college frater- 
nity for women. 

It came about in this way : The mutual 
help and friendship gained in the young 
men's fraternity life, could not but interest 
the young women of the co-educational insti- 
tutions of the West where this system is 
seen in its most ardent form. Gradually 
this interest took definite shape and the spirit 
of absolute equality on which our Western 
colleges are, for the most part, based, 
prompted these enterprising girls to found 
societies of a similar character themselves. 
It is surprising to see how rapidly these 
organizations have grown and how power- 
fully their influence is felt. In this age of 
club-making and leagues of every kind, by 
no means the least important is this banding 
together of young college women for the 
purpose of a closer intimacy that shall lead 
to a nobler and more useful life. It has the 
advantage indeed of all more technical asso- 
ciations, in that the aims of fraternity are 
broad and underlie the special aims which 
have given rise to great and beneficent insti- 

Women have always been accused of a 
kind of native aristocracy, a predisposed 
sentiment in favor of caste feeling. The 
education of centuries of contracted and 
narrow life is responsible for this phase of 



woman's character, rather than any native 
predisposition. But acquired as it has been 
in some way, what could be more potent in 
bringing young girls up to broad ideas of a 
common humanity than an association which 
requires not wealth or social position as pass- 
ports to membership, but a high morality 
and a quality of good comradeship ? 

Mothers, too, may feel safer in sending 
their daughters away to college where the 
guiding influence and authority of senior 
members in fraternity will be as good a sub- 
stitute for home care as can be found. Many 
a young girl has come from a distant home 
to a college where everything is unfamiliar 
to her and where she might go through the 
entire course with but a limited acquaint- 
anceship if it were not for the strong influ- 
ence of fraternity life, that immediately 
gives her prestige and a greater chance to 
mould the tone of her associates and the 
whole college. She is backed up by influen- 
tial friends, and is spurred on by them to a 
greater appreciation of what can be done by 
a combination of forces. Membership to a 
fraternity requires a unanimous vote of the 
chapter. But any very promising candidate 
will be almost sure to be invited by more 
than one society, and then comes the tug of 

It is in this season of invitation — "the 
campaign season " — that the various policies 
of the fraternities are best seen. Some hold 
receptions, give invitations to dinner, treat 
to chocolates and soda, and make themselves 
so materially agreeable that many an unsus- 
pecting Freshman has fallen a prey to these 
wily methods. Others, and these are happily 
in the majority, become as well acquainted 
as possible with the new girls and find out 
whether they have the requisite qualifica- 
tions for membership. They then present 
facts in regard to their fraternity and chap- 
ter, and, instead of urging an immediate 
acceptance, give the candidate as much time 

as she desires to make up her mind in order 
that a rational choice can be made. In the 
flurry of the moment, one is too apt to 
pledge herself to a course of action which 
she may afterward bitterly regret. In all 
such cases the rule must be for the young 
Freshman to keep her eyes open and not be 
duped by any flattery to pledge herself 

In many institutions there has been, of 
late, a movement toward inter-fraternity 
legislation in regard to a date before which 
no student can pledge herself. It is to be 
hoped that this plan will increase in favor, 
and perhaps it is not too hopeful to look 
forward to the time when not otdy the 
individual chapters but the fraternities as a 
whole may enact laws that shall do away 
with all unfair or small-minded dealings dur- 
ing the " campaign season." 

Every girl who is making up her mind 
where she will go, naturally looks first at 
the chapter with which she would be so 
vitally connected. But if she is thoughtful 
and far-sighted, she will also look into the 
history, government, chapter roll, policy and 
general reputation of the fraternity of which 
the chapter is so small a part. Here she will 
find a motley crowd of statistics that will be 
enough to discourage the most earnest 

Out from among these myriad facts, the 
fraternity authorities have kindly furnished 
the following information : 

The oldest college fraternity for women is Kappa 
Alpha Theta, which was founded at. Ashbury Univer- 
sity, Indiana (now Do 1'auu), in January, 1870. 
Kappa Alpha Theta has fifteen chapters and a total 
membership of seven hundred and eighty-two. These 
chapters extend from Vermont to the Pacific coast 
with one in Canada. The badge is a kite, and the 
publication is the Kappa Alpha Theta Journal at 
present in the hands of the Kansas State University 
Chapter. Among her prominent members, Kappa 
Alpha Theta numbers Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer, 
formerly the President of Wellesley College. 

In October of the same year, 1870, Kappa Kappa 



Gamma appeared at Monmouth College, Illinois. 
Kappa Kappa Gamma is the largest and most prom- 
inent woman's fraternity, having a total membership 
of about one thousand five hundred, and a chapter 
roll of tvvenlj'-two. This society is generally recog- 
nized to be the best organized. The government 
consists of a biennial convention and a Grand 
Council which is in control during the interim. The 
badge is a gold key. The magazine, the first to 
appear among fraternities for women, is called The 
Key, and is published under the auspices of the 
Boston University Chapter. Other publications 
appearing this year are a catalogue and new song 
book. Julia Ward Howe and Mary A. Livermore 
are honorary members of Kappa Kappa Gamma. 

In November of 1872, Alpha Phi appeared at 
Syracuse, where they have a very pretty chapter 
house — the only chapter house for women in the 
country, although others are now in contemplation. 
Alpha Phi has five chapters and a total membership 
of two hundred and eighty-five. The management 
is a general board and annual convention, the badge 
a gold monogram, the magazine, The Alpha Phi 
Quarterly, published by the Northwestern University 
Chapter. Frances Willard and Jane Bancroft arc 
members of Alpha Phi. 

In 1874 two fraternities appeared, of which the 
most widely known is Delta Gamma, founded at 
Oxford, Miss. The calalogue of 1888 shows a chap- 
ter roll of thirteen and a total membership of four 
hundred and twenty. Their official organ is called 
The Anc.hora and their badge is a gold anchor. 
Delta Gamma ranks third in strength and general 

Gamma Phi Beta, founded in 1874 at Syracuse, 
has five chapters and two hundred and twenty-five 
members. An annual convention governs the 
society. The badge is a jeweled monogram sur- 
mounted by an enameled crescent. A catalogue is 
soon to be in press. 

Alpha Chi Omega, a fraternity open to music 
students only, was founded at De Pauw University 
in 1885. There are but two chapters, and the total 
membership is less than one hundred. The Alpha 
Chapter governs the society. The badge is a lyre. 

In 1888 the I. C. Sorosis entered the Greek world 
under the name of Pi Beta Phi. The I. C. was 
established in 1807 at Monmouth, Illinois. The 
fraternity now numbers over thirteen hundred' mem- 
bers with a chapter roll of twenty. An arrow is Pi 
Beta Plii's badge, and their magazine bears the same 
name. Grand officers have the business and control 
of the fraternity between conventions, which take 
place biennially. Pi Beta Phi is established at 

present in many inferior institutions, but with its 
present vigorous and progressive policy, that looks 
toward Eastern extension, a bright outlook is assured 
for the future. 

Delta Delta Delta is the most recent of women's 
fraternities, being founded in November of 1888 
at Boston University. Its second chapter is stationed 
at Simpson College, in Iowa, and there are prospects 
of further extension. The badge is a crescent bear- 
ing the three Deltas on its face and encircling three 

Besides these mentioned, there. have been, from 
time to time, others of ephemeral existence which 
have had no importance or extended influence. From 
the above list it is seen that there are eight women's 
fraternities, of which Kappa Kappa Gamma may 
fairly rank first in organization and extent, Kappa 
Alpha Theta second, having the added prestige of 
an earlier foundation, and Delta Gamma third. 

It must be remembered, however, that a 
general estimate cannot take into account 
many minor points which may appeal to the 
varied tastes of the individual while num- 
bers would appeal to one, they might utterly 
fail with another. 

The principle of organization and what 
is known as the " fraternity spirit " have 
little hold over some compared with the 
local character of the chapter with which 
one is connected. A bird's-eye view often 
fails to give as clear an insight as one would 
wish. What must be the perplexity of the 
newly matriculated student who is in the 
midst of the arena? 

The safest and best rule is to take a care- 
ful, comprehensive view and make a choice 
founded on reason as well as sentiment, on 
facts as well as fancies. 


There, here we are, 

It's such a nice place, 
I'd no idea 'twas quite so far. 
You sure the boys have all the baskets, Grace ? 

Now, let us stay here, 

Where, we can see the water; 
It's not too near. 
Pass me the bread, my daughter. 



Here in (he shade of these high rocks 

We'll have our dinner, 
I've got the sardine box — 
Give me the can-opener, you little sinner. 

How nice it is we had a pleasant day 

To come so far ; 
I'd really like to stay! 
That child will smash the butter jar. 

My ! what a lovely place this is — 

Close by the sea. 
What time is it, Liz? 
Mercy! we've got to take the boat at three. 




We desire the benefactors of the college 
to know that what they give finds warm 
appreciation with the undergraduates as well 
as the Faculty, and that they are given some- 
thing more than a mere passing comment. 
The three gifts which we have thus far 
received this year are indicative of an intelli- 
gent appreciation of our needs as well as 
disinterested generosity. 

The first is from Mrs. Charlotte Sibley, of 
Groton, Mass., and consists of $500, the 
amount necessary to increase to $5,000 the 
original gift of her husband, the late John 
Langdon Sibley, for many years the librarian 
of Harvard College. Somewhere about ten 
years ago Mr. Sibley gave to the college the 
sum of $3,000, the income of which was to 
be expended in buying for the library of 
Bowdoin College such books as should be 
deemed necessary by those in charge. This 
was not to become available, however, until 
it should have reached the sum of $5,000. 
The original sum was invested as seemed 
best, and up to last summer had reached the 
amount of $4,500. As the demands of the 
library were much above the supply of its 
fund, Mrs. Sibley generously made up the 

deficit, in order that the investment 
might become immediately available. 

Mr. Sibley was born at Union, Me., in 
1804 and died at Cambridge, Mass., in 1885. 
He graduated at Harvard College in the class 
of '25. He at first entered the ministry, 
but was afterwards devoted to literature. 
He was subsequently chosen librarian at 
Harvard, which position he held many years. 
In 1856 Bowdoin conferred upon him the 
degree of A.M. He was an editor, a biog- 
rapher, and an indexer. 

Another gift is in the nature of a prize, 
given by the late Dr. Thomas J. W. Pray, of 
Dover, N. H., a graduate of our college in 
1844. The following extract from his 
will will explain the nature, amount, and 
conditions of the bequest: 

"I give and bequeath to Bowdoin College the 
sum of one thousand dollars, the income of which 
shall be given to the best scholar in English Litera- 
ture and original English Composition, under the 
decision of a committee of three disinterested per- 
sons, to be chosen annually by the alumni of said 
college." • 

Mr. Pray was born at Somersworth, N. 
H., in 1818. Immediately after graduation 
he was engaged in teaching, but afterward 
studied medicine at Harvard Medical School, 
from which he was graduated in 1848. Since 
that time he has been practicing his profes- 
sion at Dover, N. H. He has been a cor- 
respondent for several medical journals, and 
was a recognized authority among those of 
his profession. He was prominent in both 
local and State education, and was twice 
representative to the Legislature at Concord. 
He died December 9, 1888. 

Still another gift comes in the form of a 
seventy-five dollar volume on Astronomy, 
and is the most valuable scientific work pre- 
sented to the library for the last quarter 
of a century. It consists of fifteen repro- 
duced plates of " The Trouvelot Astronomical 
Drawings," together with " Manual." The 
originals of these drawings are probably the 



most celebrated in the world and were made 
by Professor E. L. Trouvelot, formerly con- 
nected with the observatory of Harvard Col- 
lege, Fellow of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences, and member of the 
Selenographical Society of Great Britain, 
in charge of a government expedition to 
observe the total eclipse of 1878. They are 
intended, in his own words, " to represent 
the celestial phenomena as they appear to a 
trained eye and to an experienced draughts- 
man, through the great modern telescopes, 
with the most delicate instrumental appli- 
ances." The dimensions of the plates are 
about three by four feet, and they are bound 
in mammoth covers. Among those of special 
interest are " Sun Spots," " The Great Comet 
of 1881," "The November Meteors," and 
"The Great Nebulae in Orion." 

The donor is Mr. Mark Pitman, of the 
class of '69, one of the college's firmest 
friends. Teaching has been his chosen pro- 
fession, he having been successively in charge 
of academies at St. Stephen, N. B., Foxcroft, 
and Durham, Conn. Since 1872 he has been 
in charge of Woolsey Public School at New 
Haven, Ct., with a daily attendance of over 
fifteen hundred pupils and with thirty-three 

This completes the list of the gifts thus 
far for the year, and if we may consider it a 
presage of what is to come, the 1100,000 
which it was stated last Commencement was 
needed will not be so very long getting here. 

(Note. — Just as we go to press we learn that the 
Rev. Elias Bond, of Kohala, Hawaiian Isles, a grad- 
uate of the college in the class of '37, has given the 
Library the sum of $0,000. Mr. Bond has been en- 
gaged in missionary work for nearly fifty years. 
Concerning the conditions, etc., of the gift we will 
speak more extendedly in the next issue. — Eds.) 

Of 170 applicants for admission to Harvard, at 
the recent examinations, there were but twelve who 
received credits for proficiency in English. — Ex. 


Bowdoin, during the college year, has a 
large number of visitors who are very profuse 
in their praises of everything connected with 
it. Our beautiful Chapel, excellent and 
copious Library, Memorial Hall with its ele- 
gant memorial tablets, the beautiful Cleave- 
land Cabinet, the Gymnasium, and the ex- 
tensive campus in which they are set, all 
come in for their due share of praise. Bow- 
doin, with its surroundings, has always been 
the recipient of universal praise. 

Yet there is one thing the lack of which is 
greatly deplored by every student who ever 
has the pleasure of showing the institution to 
his relatives and friends. Scattered about in 
the various buildings on Bowdoin's campus 
are many fine works of art, such as portraits, 
busts, and casts. These are very much ad- 
mired by visitors, and curiosity concerning 
them is always aroused. Yet there is noth- 
ing whatever to show at whose portraits you 
are gazing or whose bust presents itself be- 
fore your eyes. To be sure the works in the 
Walker Gallery are numbered, very imper- 
fectly though, and there is generally a cata- 
logue somewhere in the vicinity, but in 
Memorial Hall there is nothing whatever to 
guide the visitor. 

It seems that the portraits and busts 
are considered worthy of places in our 
halls. Are they not worthy of some signs 
by which they may be known to the visi- 
tors and friends of the college ? In many 
large fitting schools and in sister colleges we 
find the portraits of their honored alumni 
and former members of their Faculty with 
signs indicating their personality. Why 
should the leading college of the Pine Tree 
State be, in this matter, behind institutions 
in other respects inferior. Every person 
connected with Bowdoin should have feel- 
ings of deep regret at seeing a matter so 
small, and yet so important, as is this so 



sadly neglected. At a very slight expense 
the name of the person and his connection 
with the college could be affixed to each 
portrait and bust in the collection. The 
casts in the Library should also be marked, 
as all Bovvdoin's students and visitors are 
not so well versed in mythology as are the 
members of our esteemed Faculty. Improve- 
ments about the college are always in order. 
Why not consider this question and let this 
much-needed improvement be made? 


One of the most wonderful psychical 
phenomena that comes within- the range of 
investigation of the enthusiastic psycholog- 
ical student in our American colleges is the 
newly-arrived Freshman whose mind is as 
devoid of the crisp wisdom of college life, as 
well as of that substratum of thoughtfulness 
and knowledge which always comes to intel- 
lects matured in reflection — cured in the 
vapors of contemplation, so to speak — as his 
boyish cheek is devoid of a beard. In his 
excessive naturalness, his complete ignorance 
of the requirements of conventionality, his 
perfect selff ulness, in short a peculiar inter- 
est attaches to him in the study of the 
various mental states passed through by him 
as exemplified by his outward muscular 

This is according to the well-known scien- 
tific doctrine that a psychical subject is only 
valuable for inspection when he is in a con- 
dition of total unconsciousness of the inter- 
esting part that he is playing, otherwise he 
will verge away from his natural self, either 
toward a feeling of embarrassment or of 
over self-importance which renders him noth- 
ing but a vexation and a confusion to the 

The Sophomore or upperclassman is of 
no value as a specimen for the scientist. He 
is still a Freshman, but an anomalous Fresh- 

man ; a Freshman with an incrustation of 
worldliness and self-consciousness. His nat- 
ural self, or its remnants, only show through 
a maze of artificial acquirements. He is no 
longer the open-faced, easily-examined flower, 
a child, but the closed, tough seed-pod, a 

From a Sophomore upward an individual's 
knowledge is a hard subject to understand; 
but in the early days of Freshman year it can 
readily be gotten at and analyzed, and it is 
found to consist of but one element, accord- 
ing to Dewey, cognition or apprehension. 
This apprehension is so dominant that he 
has no interest or feeling in anything else but 
this one mental pain. No examination upon 
his elemental feeling, hard or otherwise, is 
given him upon entrance to college, in pre- 
vious years the Faculty supposing it to soon 
after be knocked into him by his Sophomore 
guardians. How this will come about under 
the new regime cannot as yet be told. Voli- 
tion, likewise, is supplied to him through the 
medium of physical stimuli by his outside 
brethren, and he will do well to follow its 
dictates without even assuming to possess 
any will of his own. In this way his college 
course will prove harmonious and he will find 
himself in Senior year in all three elements 
developed, a psychological success. 

Looked at in the light of a psychological 
student we find, as might be inferred from 
parts of the foregoing, that the Freshman is 
incapable of performing introspection upon 
himself, nor can he arrive at definite conclu- 
sions by the comparative method more than' 
in so extreme a case as himself and an insane 
person to possibly discern or claim a differ- 
ence. The difference between himself and 
an infant he could hardly be expected to 

On the line of the Freshman's associa- 
tions, they are found to be wholly contigual; 
these largely spatial when considered with 
reference to post-office associations, though 



possibly temporal when it comes to following 
them down to the bridge in proper order. 
The habits of the Freshman we may always 
know to be in compatibleness with his asso- 
ciations just described. 


Bates, 77; Bowdoin, 6. 
On Saturday afternoon, October 5th, the 
nine went to Lewiston and was defeated by 
Bates, 17 to 6. This score, however, would 
mislead one as to the relative strength of the 
clubs. All but one of the home team's score 
were made in two innings. Hilton, who 
weiit in to pitch the first inning, was out of 
condition and was pounded for nine hits. 
He was succeeded by Burleigh, who pitched 
a superb game, only three scattering hits 
being made off his delivery in five innings. 
Excellent work was done by Wilson, Put- 
nam, and Pennell for Bates, and Packard, 
Jordan, and Burleigh for Bowdoin. The 
score : 


A.B. K. E.H. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Hoffman, 3b., .... 4 2 2 1 1 1 2 

Pennell, 2b. 5 2 3 1 

Putnam, lb., 4 2 1 5 

Wilson, p 2 1 1 2 9 

Emery, c 4 2 1 9 1 

Day, s.s 3 2 1 2 1 

Wliitcomb, c.f 4 2 2 

Gareelon.r.f 3 31 

Little, If 3 

32 17 12 1 IS 12 4 

Packard, 2b., . . 

Fish, c, 3 4 3 1 

Thompson, r.f. 3 1 1 

Newman, l.f 3 1 1 

Jordan, c.f., 3 12 

Hilton, p 1 4 

Burleigh, p 3 2 2 2 

Spring, 3b 3 1 1 1 

Tukey, lb 3 5 1 

Hutchinson, s.s 3 1 2 1 1 

28 (i 7 


18 10 10 

Three-base hits — Hoffman, Packard. Stolen bases — 
Pennell (2), Day, Whitcomb, Garcelon (3), Fish, Thomp- 
son, Jordan (2), Burleigh, Hutchinson. Passed balls — 
Emery, 3; Fish, 3. Struck out — Whitcomb, Little (2), 
Newman, Spring (2), Tukey (2), Hutchinson (2). Double 
play — Wilson and Putnam. Umpire — O'Brien. 

Bates, . 

io o o a o i—i7 

4 2— (i 

A meeting of the students was held 
in lower Memorial Hall, October 2d, 
for the purpose of organizing a college 
foot-ball association. The following 
officers were elected : President, T. S. 
Burr, '91; Vice-President, Hubbard, '90; Secretary 
and Treasurer, Riley, '91. Directors: Sears, Has- 
tings, W. R. Smith and A. V. Smith, '90, and Coth- 
ren, '92. The directors were instructed to draw up 
a constitution to be presented at the next meeting, 
for governing the proceedings of the association. 

Foot-ball is already proving popular at Bowdoin. 
The new grounds at the south end of the campus 
present a scene of animation these pleasant October 
afternoons, as the candidates for the eleven rush 
hither and thither in their too often vain endeavors 
to make connections with the lively leather bag. 

Bragdon, '91, will probably finish his course at 
Wesleyan University, Conn. 

About $100 has been subscribed for foot-ball up 
to the present time. 

Professor Robinson is delivering a course of lect- 
ures to the Juniors in Chemistry, preliminary to the 
laboratory work. 

Cilley, Rounds, Hilton, Cutts, Nelson, and Riley, 
are the only survivors of Professor Hiitchings' ('91) 
physics division. They are taking a course of labo- 
ratory work. 

Allard and Heald, of '91, have not yet rejoined 
their class. 

The only Sophomore escapade thus far reported 
is the demoralization of the modern language room, 
presumably by members of '92. Some hitherto un- 
known chemical substance was plenteously sprinkled 
about, the fragrance of which still assails the nostrils 
of the unfortunate French electives. 



Dumley (rushing wildly, without knocking, into 
Chumley's room) — Blank blankety blank, old man ! ! ! 
Chumley (very, very coldly) — Mr. Dumley, allow 
me to introduce you to my mother, sir. [Tableaux.] 

Riley, Nelson, and Newbegin are taking Junior 
mathematics. 'Ninety-one is the first class, since '87, 
to be represented in this branch of the electives. 

Bowdoin makes her debut on the foot-ball field 
Saturday p.m., October 26th, playing the Tufts Col- 
lege eleven on the Portland base-ball grounds. 

Several of the boys accompanied the nine to 
Lewiston, October 5th, only to see Bowdoin given a 
razzle-dazzle by the Bates aggregation. Although 
defeated, nobody has reason to complain of our base- 
ball prospects. With the exception of the first inning 
Bowdoin clearly outbatted her opjjonent, Burleigh 
holding the Bates down to three hits in the last 
five innings, and in one inning retiring the side with 
three pitched balls. And still we are weak in the 

Acting on the suggestions of the Orient, the 
Freshmen have at last waked up, and in the wee 
sma 1 hours of the night of October -4th, a goodly 
band from the class of '93 sallied boldly forth and, 
after feasting freely and long on the fragrant pea- 
nut and the soul-inspiring cider, cracked the jug on 
the chapel steps, thus projecting it into the Sopho- 
mores, by successfully celebrating their long awaited 
peanut drunk. 

It may be well for us to add, regarding the eane- 
rush which succeeded the recent horn concert, that 
it was by no means restricted to '91 and '92. It 
amounted to a plucky fight made by perhaps twelve 
or fifteen members of the Sophomore class against 
the two upper classes. They succeeded in retaining 
their hold on the cane for over an hour against over- 
whelming odds, and only yielded from sheer exhaus- 
tion. 'Ninety-two has enough of spirit, and that the 
right kind. 

The Stockbridge course for the season 1889-90 
presents an unusual array of attractions. There will 
be three courses, the "Stockbridge," the "Pops," 
and the "Matinees." Among the familiar attractions 
will be the "Bostonians," the three Stoddard lectures, 
Mr. Leland T. Powers, humorous readings by Bill 
Nye and James Whitcomb Riley from their own pro- 
ductions, "Midsummer Night's Dream" with Men- 
delssohn's music, a lecture by the famous Frenchman, 
Max O'Rell, Gilmore's Band, Songs of Scotland by 
the Balmoral Choir of Glasgow. Mr. Stockbridge 
always furnishes entertainments of a high order. We 
get hardly enough of scenic, musical, and rhetorical 
display in this antiquated town— in fact, as a nation 

we are popularly, if not from a metropolitan stand- 
point, far behind the Germans and other nationalities 
in which the stage is more of an established institu- 
tion. It is a necessary part of one's education. 
Money could not be better invested than by taking in 
some of these first-class affairs. Why not get up a 
big crowd and "do" the town some night, and Mr. 
S. in the bargain ? 

Recitations were suspended on Friday afternoon 
on account of the Fair at Topsham. 

The perennial " Triangle" joke comes again to 
the front with the usual number of victims. Several 
verdant beings applied at the Library for grand 
stand tickets and went away disappointed. " Tri- 
angle " bids fair to outlive many a younger steed yet. 

D. M. Cole has charge of the Brunswick depart- 
ment of the Balh Times. 

It is rumored that one fraternity scoured the 
country for thirty miles in search of a goat. 

The list of cripples seems to be growing. Capt. 
Packard sprained his wrist in the ball game at Lew- 
iston, and Riley is a victim to foot-ball to the extent 
of a sprained ankle. 

Home, '91, and Poor, '92, are teaching the Pem- 
broke High School. 

At a meeting of the Base-Ball Association the 
resignation of Freeman as captain of the nine was 
accepted, and Packard was elected to that position in 
his stead. We feel sure that the ability of our pop- 
ular first-base man will prove equal to the require- 
ments of the position. Two new directors, F. Drew 
and Ridley, were also chosen. 

The following men were given over to the tender 
mercies of the various goats last Friday night : 
A A <t> — Baldwin, Jones, Emery, F. Shaw, P. Shaw, 
Ridley, Hutchinson, and Savage, '93 ; 6 A X — Abbott, 
'92; Barker, Baker, Buckman, Howard, and Spring, 
'93; * T — Fabyan, Fling, Peabody, Machan, Jenks, 
Hussey, and MacArthur, '93 ; A K E — Carlton, Clif- 
ford, Chapin, Frost, Goodell, Hagget, May, Whit- 
comb, '93 ; Z -i — Bean, '92; Chamberlain, Whitney, 
and Briry, '93. 

Ernest Cole, '92, has left college. He is intend- 
ing to pursue a course at theGorham Normal School. 

The following subjects have been announced for 
the next themes : Juniors : I. Are Edward Bellamy's 
Theories Practicable? II. Should the Government 
Enforce its Claims in Behrings Sea? III. Alfred the 
Great as a Statesman. Sophomores : I. The Re- 
spective advantages of Large and Small Colleges. 
II. The Congress of American Nations. HI. An 
Afternoon at the Topsham Fair. 



At a meeting of the directors of the Foot-Ball 
Association, the following men were elected condi- 
tional members of the "eleven": Kempton, '91; 
W. Hilton, '91; Freeman, '90; Sears, '90; Parker, 
'91; H. H. Hastings, '90; Foss, '91. The remainder 
of the eleven and four substitutes will be chosen after 
more practice. It is expected that a game will be 
arranged with the Tufts College eleven, to be played 
at Portland on the 26th of this month. 

Hastings, '90, is assisting Whittier in taking the 
dimensions of the Freshmen. 

The system of class-officers has been abandoned 
and the functions formerly vested in them have been 
transferred to Tutor Tolman who will hereafter act 
in that capacity fur the whole college. 

We understand that the church and chapel 
absences are to be placed on the term bills sepa- 

Kelly, '91, was back for a few clays last week ; he 
is teaching near Biddeford. 

Singing has been resumed in the chapel and there 
seems to be considerable material for the glee club 
developing there. 

The ball game which was to have taken place 
Saturday last between the Topshams and Bowdoins 
has b^en postponed. 

The arrival and departure of numerous jugs upon 
the campus is a harbinger of cider times. 

Quite a number of the recent alumni were back 
to the initiations Friday night, among them, Card, 
Shorey, Woodman, '88, Lynam. Russell, Thwing, 
Clark, Emery, Mitchell, Staples, O. R. Smith, 
Phelan, Rideout. and Crocker, '89, Moullon, '87. 

' Why would it not be a good plan to have a col- 
lege tennis tournament this fall? The courts are in 
excellent condition and the number of good players 
is unusually large. The fall is an especially good 
time for a tournament as there is not much going on 
in the line of athletic sports. 

The following members of the class of '89 attended 
chape] last Sabbath, being the survivors of the initia- 
tory exercises of the previous Friday night: Clark, 
Staples, Russell, Thwing, Emery, and Phelan. 
During their stay they held an informal and rather 
hilarious reunion in South Maine. 

At the regular meeting of the Bowdoin Boating 
Association the following officers were elected for 
the ensuing year : Commodore, Sears ; Vice Commo- 
dore, Parker; Secretary and Treasurer, Professor 
Moody ; Assistant Secretary and Treasurer, Bean ; 
Directors — 1st, H. II. Hastings; 2d, J. R. Home, 

Jr.; 3d, J. D. Merriman. The feasibility of put- 
ting an eight-oared crew on the river next year was 
discussed, and it was voted to correspond with some 
of the colleges with this in view. 

'42. — Rev. Frederick Gar- 
diner, D.D., Professor of 
the Literature and Interpretation of 
the New Testament at Berkeley Divin- 
ity School for twenty years, died Wednesday 
night, July 17th, in Middletown, Conn. He 
was a quiet, unassuming man, but one eminently be- 
loved for his personal characteristics and esteemed 
for his knowledge and ability. He was especially 
proficient in scientific research. Born in Gardiner, 
Maine, September, 1822, he graduated at Bowdoin 
College in 1812, and immediately took up the study 
of theology at the General Theological Seminary of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in New York. He 
then held charge over parishes in Saco and Bath, 
spent the year 1855 in Europe and returned to Lew- 
iston to render parochial service. For some years 
after his course was interrupted by the duty of assist- 
ing his father in the care of his large estate, but in 
I860 he accepted the appointment of Professor of the 
Literature and Interpretation of the Scriptures in the 
Theological Seminary at Gambier, Ohio. Two years 
later he removed to Middletown, where he first as- 
sisted Dr. Frederic Goodwin in the Berkeley Theo- 
logical School and then, in 1869, received the full 
professorship. Prof. Gardiner was a diligent stu- 
dent and published several valuable books on bibli- 
cal topics. In 186:) he received the degree of D.D. 
from Bowdoin. He was married in 1816 to Caroline 
Vaughn, daughter of Col. William Vaughn, of llal- 
lowell, and had several children. 

'41. — Mr. Samuel F. Gibson, one of the oldest 
members of the Oxford County Bar, died at his home 
in Bethel, Sunday, October 6th, of apoplexy. He 
lived in California for a few years soon after his 
graduation, and then returned to Maine and settled 
in Bethel, where he has since resided. Mr. Gibson 
held the rank of captain during the rebellion. He 
was sixt3'-six years old at the time of his death. 

'59. — Hon. S. J. Young sailed for home, with his 
family, October 2d, having been in Europe three years. 



'61. — Professor A. S. Packard, of Brown Univer- 
sity, has just returned from Europe where he has 
passed the summer. 

'68.— Charles O. Whitman, and not A. G. Whit- 
man, 71, is Professor of Biology at Clark University, 
Worcester, Mass. 

73. — J. F. Elliot has been elected principal of 
the East Boston High School. 

74. — Rev. S. V. Cole has accepted a call to the 
Broadway Congregational Church, Taunton, Mass. 

75. — Jere M. Hill has resigned his position as 
Principal of the Bangor High School, to become 
principal of the Hyde Park (Mass.) High School, at 
a salary of $1800 a year. 

'81. — Trinity Church was the scene of an inter- 
esting wedding in the marriage, Tuesday evening, 
of Miss Sophie Marie Apenes, the Swedish singer, 
and Mr. Edgar Oakes Achorn, '81, the Boston law- 
yer. There was a large attendance, the body of the 
church being filled with invited guests, and the gal- 
leries and other parts -of the edifice thronged with 
spectators. The ceremony was performed by Rev. 
Roland Cotton Smith of Boston at 8 o'clock, the 
bride being given away by Hon. Linus M. Childs. 
She wore a handsome gown of white satin, with tulle 
veil, caught up with orange blossoms, and carried a 
bouquet of white roses. There were no bridesmaids. 
Dr. J. Warren Achorn, 79, of Brooklyn, N. Y., was 
best man, and the ushers Messrs. E. Henderson, 79, 
of Whitman, Carl F. Ahlstrom of New York, A. 
Elliott Dennett of West Roxbury, Henry Goddard, 
'81, of Boston, Isaac Jackson of Plymouth and Tim- 
othy W. Coakley of Boston. After the ceremony 
there was a reception at the Thorndike, where Mr. 
and Mrs. Achorn were serenaded by a Swedish sing- 
ing society. 

'87. — Mr. John V. Lane, of the Kennebec Journal, 
was married in Augusta the latter part of August to 
Miss Gallahger. 

'87.- — F. Pusher has been elected President of the 
Law Students' Club, Portland, Me. 

Johns Hopkins University will begin the new 
year the first of October with unimpaired efficiency. 
Neither the salary of the President nor of the Pro- 
fessors has been cut, and several new appointments 
have been made. By the will of John W. McCoy, 
the college inherits his library of eight thousand 
volumes and is made the residuary legatee of his 
estate estimated at above $100,000. A new building, 
given by Eugene Levering of Baltimore, is now go- 
ing up, and a lectureship in literature has been en- 
dowed by a gift of $20,000. — Journal of Education. 


She sat close by his side while out sailing one day, 

And as they slow drifted along, 
He tossed his arm carelessly close round her waist, 

And asked her if she thought it was wrong. 

" If I were a man, I'd ne'er do it," she said, 
" I don't think such things are nice. 
" But of course," with a blush, she then added, 
" You don't have to take my advice." 

— Ex. 
Hurrah for old Phi Chi \—Colbij Echo. 
The Freshman class at Amherst is unusually 
large, having one hundred and two members. There 
have been several additions to the other classes. 
The report is not true that the number of students is 
limited to three hundred. — Ex. 

" What are the wild waves saying, sister? " 

Little Johnny loudly called. 
" We waive the question," roared the breakers, 
And little Johnny stood appalled. 

— Yale Courant. 

Out of twelve hundred undergraduates at Cornell 
nearly two-thirds come from the State of New York, 
and both sexes are largely from the farming region 
of the interior. — Ex. 


Her hair is night, her neck is snow, 

Her ears seem tinted carven shells; 

Her half-turned cheeks with beauty glow 

As morning's flushed horizon tells 

Of rarer glories hid below. 

What was that preacher saying though ? 

This vision all my thought compels. 

Those shoulders !— hush, he's near the close. 

Now dawns the day !— she turns to go, 

By Venus ' — heavens, what a nose ! 

— Yale Courant. 

The great English boat race between Cambridge 
and Oxford was won this year by Cambridge. — Ex. 

The incoming class at Yale is estimated at two 
hundred and twenty in the academic department and 
one hundred and thirty-five in the scientific depart- 
ment. The class is the largest to enter Yale College. 



















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Is one of the old, long established, and successful business houses of Maine. 

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Vol. XIX. 


No. 8. 



George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George TV. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. TV. Moody, '90. H. TV. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the liusincss Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office tit Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 8.— October 30, 1889. 

Practical (poem) 143 

Editorial Notes, 143 

Bess 140 

The Other Side 148 

Foot-Ball (poem), 149 

Option or Compulsion? 149 

Y. M. C. A. Convention 150 

Foot-Ball (Tufts vs. Bowdoin) 151 

Book Reviews 151 

Collegii Tabula, 153 

Personal 155 

College World 156 


In a field where a farmer was gathering hay 

A student of science walked one day. 

In his hands some new-found treasures he bore, 

Prehistoric relics, and, he guessed, more. 

Approaching the farmer: " Sir, do you know 

Why these rocks are seamed and furrowed so ? " 

And forthwith proudly began to relate 

How a glacier once swept across our State. 

When the old man cried, " D'y'e 'spect me to b'lieve 

that ? 
I can knock all yer learned the'ries flat. 
This stone here, I tell yer naow, 
Was hit by the p'int of my new steel plaow, 
And that cut there, so long an' narrer, 
Was made, I think, by my scratch tooth harrer." 

In this issue will be found an article 
criticising one of our recent editorials. We 
were anxious that the subject be not con- 
tinued ; but a refusal to publish opposing 
views would be an admission of weakness. 
The editorial referred to was written only 
after much hesitancy and careful considera- 
tion, and its sole incentive was a sense of 
duty to all concerned. Nor should we pro- 
long the matter by reply, were not the criti- 
cism referred to calculated to give rise to 
grave misapprehension to those unacquainted 
with the circumstances, or not having perused 
our preceding editorial. 

Our friend begins by making the allega- 
tion of reflection upon the character of the 
pastor, than which nothing could have been 
more foreign to our intentions or desires. 
But with a beautiful inconsistency he has 
failed to dispute a single point or, as we shall 
attempt to show, refute a single argument. 
If the pastor be the victim of such grave 
slander, it were incumbent upon his defender 
to specify and controvert. 

Again, our friend appears to think he has 
discovered a glaring fallacy in the following: 
" The editor begins by saying ' This is a 
Christian college,' and towards the end of his 
article we have the other premise, 'Students 
are the college.' " He then concludes, by im- 
plication, at least, that all the students, the 



editor included, must be professed Christians. 
He falls into error by not noticing the 
double signification of the word Christian — 
as the religious principle by which a nation 
or an institution is governed, and as the 
devotee of some evangelical church. To 
illustrate, suppose we say: This is a Chris- 
tian country; the people are the nation; 
therefore John Smith, Tom Jones, and forty- 
nine others are Christians, that is, professors. 
The absurdity is manifest. One course of 
reasoning is as true as the other. Our friend 
will doubtless see the point. 

He takes exception to our statement that 
efficiency in a church depends upon the 
methods and sermons of the pastor. Inter- 
nally, he may be correct ; that is, there are 
doubtless many things which the members 
can and must do to assist the pastor. But 
to the outsider, and he is the one whom it is 
necessary to reach, the sermons and methods 
of the minister are the very magnet and 
regenerator of any Christian church. 

Then, fortified by scriptural quotations, 
he devotes a long space to the etiquette of 
church-going. We entirely agree with him. 
It is not only discourteous but profane to 
conduct one's self with impropriety in church. 
We knew the faults of the boys when we 
wrote the editorial. We knew their habits 
and deplored them ; but we also knew that 
it was no way to begin a reform on the out- 
side. Whence the habits ? Did their mother's 
teach them to them ? It will do no good to 
talk bald etiquette to the boys; you must 
furnish an incentive. 

And finally he attacks our adaptation 
principle, and intimates that perhaps "that 
high calling lias fallen greatly the last few 
days." Perhaps so, but if we remember 
aright, tin; greatest Teacher that ever came 
mi earth was the one who carried this power 
of adaptation to its highest perfection. How 
about the parables; do we find Him above 
catering to the "tastes" of his hearers? 

Our friend has confused the end with the 
means, the vehicle with the thing to be borne. 
That was about two thousand years ago; 
let us come down to the "last few days." 
What about the lengthening shadows of a 
week ago last Sabbath ! Did Elijah Kellogg, 
that grand old son of Bowdoin, with the 
weight of nearly eighty years upon him, but 
with a heart as large and a mind as fresh as 
in the halcyon days of twenty-one — did he 
shun resorting to those " rich shadings " 
which our friend chooses to denominate 
" tinkling symbals " ? And did not every 
single boy in that whole audience go out 
feeling better and nobler and more divine, 
if you like, for having been there ? 

This is the last the Orient will publish 
on this subject under its present administra- 
tion, and in conclusion it wants to submit 
the two following suggestions to the prayer- 
ful consideration of the members of the First 
Parish Church of the Town of Brunswick : 
First, that they will look up at the one hun- 
dred and fifty students above them and think 
of the grand possibilities for good they rep- 
resent. Second, that the} 7, look about them 
and count up the number of young men of 
their own town who will go to make up the 
church when the present members die off. 
These are serious suggestions, even if they 
do come from an " impertinent young up- 
start," and will bear the best and most sober 
thought they have to give. 

When the idea of introducing foot-ball 
was broached, the Orient was conspicuously 
silent on the subject. Its reason for this 
was that it would detract from base-ball. It 
considered that there was just about so 
much sporting enthusiasm in an institution, 
and that what was put into one sport could 
not go for another. Furthermore, it very 
much doubted the ability of the institution 
to make an advantageous showing against 



the old and established elevens of Massa- 
chusetts colleges. 

But it is needless to say that we are con- 
verted. We believe that so far from its 
detracting from base-ball it will, perhaps, 
materially assist it. For we are now inclined 
to think that our former standpoint, namely, 
that an institution possesses an arbitrary 
measure of sporting enthusiasm which can 
be dished oat, like corn, to the various inter- 
ests of the college is au untrue one. Sport- 
ing interest is relative ; it is a living thing 
capable of growth ; and within certain limits 
it is diversity that favors that growth. That 
is, the whole matter in a nutshell is this: 
The introduction of a new sport imparts a 
new impetus to sporting in general, and along 
with the rest, base-ball will get its modicum 
of benefit. Certainly, we have not done 
any better in base-ball since boating was 
dropped out. 

The game has come to stay ; the magnifi- 
cent showing which our boys made against 
the Tufts demonstrates our possibilities. 
Only three or four of the eleven had ever 
seen a game of foot-ball ; yet the contest 
was the closest possible and the score re- 
markably small. " Down-East muscle " has 
always been proverbial, and perhaps we have 
struck our " calling." Who knows ? Bates 
has evidently caught the spirit — much more 
readily than our sister on the Kennebec. 
She has signified her willingness to meet us, 
but Colby declines. Perhaps the latter 
thinks it a " Bowdoin trick," but she will do 
well to remember that last summer she pro- 
posed an innovation, the Tug o' War, to 
which we heartily acceded, and it is nothing 
more than fair that our sister do the same in 
foot-ball. The Maine colleges may as well 
settle down to this first as last. Foot-ball 
has come to Maine to stay ; and it is a ques- 
tion of whether they heartily join the ranks 
and share with Bowdoin the honor of its in- 
troduction ; or whether they wait three or 

four years to lag reluctantly behind and enter 
at a disadvantage. Bates evidently sees the 

We might add that Professor Matzke 
signified his sympathy with the boys, and his 
identification with their interests by attend- 
ing the game at Portland. 

The college has voted to establish a de- 
bating club, the more exact nature of which 
will be known by the time this reaches our 
readers. To speak of Bowdoin's lack in 
this would be but to rehearse the past few 
years. The old Athensean and Peucinian 
Societies had their day and gave way to their 
younger brother, the secret fraternity. These 
have had a fair trial and have been "weighed 
in the balance and found wanting." What is 
needed is something that will bring the 
brainiest men of the college into conflict with 
each other. We need the intellectual quick- 
ening of the forum. 

Speaking before the members of one's 
own society is what Emerson would call the 
" small-pot-soon-hot " style of oratory, or the 
"two-inch enthusiasm." The same was he 
who said, "another needs the additional 
caloric of a public debate." What profits 
the mumbling of an occasional lame syllo- 
gism before twenty-five or thirty members of 
one's own society ? It is no inspiration, and 
what is worse it is liable to give one a false 
estimate of his strength. The man who can 
talk glibly before a select circle might flat 
out before a larger audience, while the one 
whose brain was sluggish before the few 
might flash into brilliancj' before the many. 

The election of Mr. Seth Low to the Presi- 
dency of Columbia College is indeed an in- 
novation. He has been widely known as the 
efficient ex-mayor of Brooklyn, and a rising 
young politician of the higher stamp. He 
is not a divine, however, nor do we learn that 



he has been distinguished as profound tech- 
nical or general scholar. His recommenda- 
tions to the position were sterling character 
and speaking and executive ability. In a large 
college where the administration approaches 
more nearly that of a town or city, this seems 
a wise departure, but in a small institution, 
where some degree of instruction and a con- 
siderable degree of personal contact are re- 
quired, it would not be safe to depart from 
the old rule. Mere business capacity and 
oratorical ability will not do there. The 
position needs to be invested with an at- 
mosphere of learned and reverend gravity. 

We hear nothing about that coacher for 
the nine ! He must come. The boys must 
be generous. This is an age of trainers and 
training. It is the trained man that wins the 
race, in the field, the forum, or the sanctum; 
and it is the trained club that floats the pen- 
nant. Base-ball is a science among the great 
league players, and a man who gets on one 
of those clubs must be master of his profes- 
sion. If it will pay to hire an elocutionist 
to teach one to speak, or a dancing-master to 
teach one to dance, it will pay to hire a 
coacher to teach one to play ball. To say 
that instruction from one who is master of 
his profession will not be valuable in any 
line is a manifest absurdity. No coacher, no 
pennant — and perhaps not, any way — who is 
that man talking about a glorious past? 

The Lewiston Journal favored us with a 
half-bantering slug after our last issue. 
Thanks. Perhaps the scribe who juggles 
the " State Chat " is the same who wrote up 
the last ball game between Bowdoin and 
Bates. If it be, we would congratulate him 
on the most inglorious attempt to ape "Tim 
Murnane,"of Boston Globe celebrity, that we 
ever recollect having seen. The writer 
should remember two things: First, that the 

paper on which he is employed claims to be 
a state organ, and not a local sheet; and, sec- 
ondly, that cheap figures do not constitute 

The Rev. Elias Bond, whose generous 
gift to the Library was noted in our last 
issue, was a member of an especially cele- 
brated and loyal class. The class starts out 
with the names, John A. Andrew, Fordyce 
Barker, and Elias Bond, while a cursory 
glance down the list brings out in bold out- 
line the names of D. W. Fields, donor of the 
Fields Scholarship, and J. A. Fisk, the oldest 
member of the Board of Trustees. This is 
not the first instance in which we have been 
the objects of Mr. Bond's benefactions. 
There are doubtless those of us still here, 
who may recollect the previous $1,000 given 
for the same purpose. There were no condi- 
tions attending the present. It was simply 
a check, to be employed as the judgment of 
the Librarian should dictate. 

We feel that the college owe the choir a 
vote of thanks for the fine selections they 
have given us for the past two Sabbaths. 
Mr. Simpson is admirably demonstrating his 
supreme fitness for the position of leader and 



"By Jove, old man!" 

"Hullo, what's up now?" And Harry 
Stoddard looked up from his Political Econ- 
omy with that quizzical, half-amused expres- 
sion that he was wont to wear on occasion 
of his chum's explosions. 

" Vacation closes at Wellesley to-day, and 
Bess will come on the 4.30 train to-morrow. 
I always wanted you to meet my little sister, 



and you were a boor not to pay us that 
promised visit last summer." 

" The boys looked at each other with a 
look of genuine affection beaming through 
the good-natured banter. At length Harry 
replied : 

"Well, I suppose we can give her some 
valuable points on a few educational phases, 
which she don't get at Wellesley ;" and he 
looked about the chaotic room with a despair- 
ing grin. "By the way, Jack, why can't I 
take her to the assembly to-morrow night; 
I'm left in the partner line, and would be 
mighty glad of an opportunity to sail into 
the hall with a college girl on my arm." 

"Great scheme," replied Jack, "I was 
just wondering what I could do with her; 
you see I have the old article on my hands, 
and just at this part of the play it won't pay 
to cut, and I'll be hanged if I take them 

So it was agreed, and Harry returned to 
his Political Economy, while Jack, after light- 
ing his Havana, disported his feet on the 
center-table and settled down to the last 
Ethics lecture. 

The next day the old room underwent a 
rennovation that must indeed have been 
a surprise to it, and by train-time it pre- 
sented an appearance of tolerable respect- 

Bessie Harland, sister of the aforesaid 
Jack, and the young lady with whom our 
narrative deals, was a Sophomore in Wellesley 
College. She was a petite, golden-haired girl 
of some eighteen summers, with a fair com- 
plexion, and large inquiring eyes which 
would occasionally lighten up into an ex- 
pression of mingled jest and sincerity as con- 
tagious as it was incomprehensible. 

In the due course of time the train rolled 
in, rooms were secured, and the brother and 
sister took their way to the college on the 
hill. The introduction over, and the chairs 
are soon grouped about the open fire, a 

happy trio. Bessie spared her criticisms on 
the room, although she betrayed something 
akin to a smile as he noted the fantastic 
arrangement of some of the knick-knacks she 
had from time to time contributed. 

At length she was hustled off to her room 
at the hotel, and when the hour of the assem- 
bly had arrived, Harry was on hand with the 
stunningest get-up that the united contribu- 
tions of the room afforded. The town girls 
looked, and whispered, and criticised, and 
the boys crowded around Jack for an intro- 
duction to " the sister." But it was evident 
that her collegiate training had not been de- 
voted largely to Terpsichore, for she was 
undeniably a poor dancer. But Harry 
didn't mind, only that he had for his part- 
ner a handsome stranger, and that a college 

The intimate friends all got their dances, 
and it was after intermission that she com- 
plained of weariness and they sought a cor- 
ner of the hall for rest and. conversation. 
As the ice gradually thawed beneath the genial 
warmth of intellectual friction, they drifted 
into one of those rich trains of thought and 
speech which undoubtedly represent the 
highest form of human enjoyment. They 
talked of sights they had seen and experi- 
ences they had had. They talked of college 
and study, and of woman and her place in 
the past and future. They talked of people 
they had seen and books they had read. 
They talked of "Copperfield," and the 
dead mother whose golden hair flowed over 
him on that last afternoon, " like an angel's 
wing " ; and of " Agnes," with her sacred and 
almost angel character. They talked of 
"Dombey," and "Florence," and little "Paul," 
and the "golden water," that fancifully 
played on the blind. The time sped on with 
the pulsing music, but they forgot all else in 
the flow of kindred thoughts. Harry had 
occasionally had such talks with the boys, 
those few boys in whom he could find such 



sympathy, but with a girl — never. It was a 
new experience, and it drifted into his hot 
young life like a fragrant summer breeze. 

Alone in the solitude of his room he sat 
long and musingly by the fire that night, and 
the oil in the lamp burned low; and the light 
died, and died, and died away and left him 
there alone. We will not invade the sacred- 
ness of his thoughts, but bis ideas had un- 
dergone a great change in those few past 
hours. He had found a girl with kindred 
tastes and intellectual sympathy, to whom 
he could pour out the more sacred thoughts 
of his inner nature in reciprocal sympatby. 
They were not tossed against the rock to re- 
turn with a chilling rebound; they found 
fertile lodgment in another bosom and came 
back in living form, enlivened by the 
response of another soul. The ennoblement 
which his conception of woman had that 
night experienced was destined in the future 
to save him from many a pitfall. 

It goes without saying that Jack didn't 
have to reproach his chum with any more 
unfulfilled promises in the visit line. 

It is now three years since the night of 
the assembly in the old Brunswick hall, and 
many changes have been wrought. Harry 
has graduated from Ann Arbor Law School ; 
Jack has completed his course in Bellevue 
Hospital, and Bess has graduated from 
Wellesley. Merrily ring the marriage bells at 
Redmont. Merrily throng the guests. It 
has been a scene of solemn joy. The trem- 
ulous vow has been spoken ; the wedding ring 
has been placed, and all is over. A sense of 
serene satisfaction and supreme fitness seems 
to brood over the whole scene. After the 
last guest has departed, there sit a little cir- 
cle of three in the back parlor. They are 
Harry and Bess, and Jack. Little was said, 
for there was little to be said. Their hearts 
were too full for that. At length Jack said : 

"Do you remember the old assembly at 
the Brunswick town hall, Bessie ? " 

" Indeed I do, and the memory is a sacred 
one," she replied. 

"And do you, Harry?" 

Harry's eyes seemed far away, through 
and beyond the glowing coal on the grate, 
and he slowly and thoughtfully replied: 

"Yes, I think I do, Jack; we were fast 
friends then, weren't we, old boy ? And 
with God's blessing, we have been brought 
into a closer relationship. And as to you, 
Bess," he said, with the same old smile he 
used to wear in his college days, "you 
couldn't dance a little bit, but you had a 
nobler heart and prettier face than all the 
girls in the hall put together. If we ever 
have a boy I'll tell him to 'fight shy' of the 
good dancers." 

"And if ever we have a daughter," she 
said, "I'll tell her to go to good, old Bowdoin 
to visit her brother in a smoky room, if she 
wants to find a husband with a noble head, 
a loving heart, and a strong arm." 

And the fire glowed and glowed upon the 



The editorial in the last issue of the 
Orient reflecting on the character of the 
person acting as pastor of the Congregational 
church, and the students of the college, 
seems to me to be very unjust to both. The 
editor begins by saying, "This is a Christian 
college"; toward the end of his article we 
have the other premise : " The students are 
the college." Therefore, according to his 
own reasoning, the students are Christians. 
But it is very evident that the editor either 
lacks one of the greatest Christian princi- 
ples, or that in a careless way he considered 
only one side of his question. Let that be 



as it may, the attitude toward the pastor is 
certainly an unchristian one. 

"The efficiency," he says, "of the church 
depends on the preacher and his sermons." 
The editor is not the only one harboring that 
idea. There are too many who think the 
congregation have nothing to do, but that 
all depends on the pastor. It is this duty of 
those who listen to the preacher that the 
editor omits. 

No man who is a Christian, or who re- 
spects Christianity, will enter a church — a 
place dedicated to the worship of God — with 
a novel, text-book, or newspaper, to pass 
away the time and to profane the house of 
God. Besides, no Christian can repeat the 
prayer Christ taught his disciples, " Hallowed 
be thy name," and enter a place of worship 
with plans intentionally made to profane it. 
We detest a student that uses profane lan- 
guage ; but here is a greater fault. It is a 
sad reflection on the character of the forty 
active members of our Christian Association, 
as well as on every young man who has self- 
respect. As a college we can not deny the 
charge against us, but to lay all the blame 
of our faults on a just man is not right. 
" Cast out the mote out of thy own eye, then 
shalt thou see clearly how to cast out the 
mote out of thy brother's eye." 

" The preaching is not adapted," he says, 
" to our taste." Is it the duty of a preacher 
to examine into the tastes of his congrega- 
tion and preach for that, as a guide? If that 
is so, that high calling has fallen greatly the 
last few days. The pastor should question 
into the needs of his people, but that does 
not necessitate him to resort to sentimentali- 
ties, nor to high-flown words, which, like 
tinkling cymbals, may have a "clear ring"; 
nor to " rich shadings to please the eye " ; 
nor to " the impetuous " flow of words with- 
out thought ; but using the clear, simjfle 
words of his guide he can accomplish all. 
It is only just to consider both sides. 


Foot-ball ! Foot-ball ! ! Hear them shouting 
Yelling, screaming it like mad ; 

Dancing, shouting, round the campus, 
Foot-ball, while new comrades add. 

Soon the band is all assembled. 

Grim resolve in every eye. 
Like so many Spartan warriors, 

They are bound to do or die. 

Now they're oft', in mad confusion ; 

Tumbling, rolling on the ground. 
One beneath, the rest above him; 

Writhing in a human mound. 

Now they 're up (those who are able) ; 

Maimed and dead are cleared away. 
Off they go, like fiends in fury, 

After the foot-ball, come what may. 



A young man on entering college is old 
enough to be fully capable of knowing 
what he should or should not do. He knows 
for what purpose he is in college, and sees 
the opportunities open for hiin to make a 
man. Doubtless it is a good thing for the 
students that recitations are compulsory, for 
a student may easily, without realization, 
become very careless concerning his attend- 
ance at recitations. In regard to compulsory 
church and chapel attendance, there are 
other considerations. The religion of Jesus 
Christ is too sacred to be tampered with. 
We find in the life of Christ no instance of 
His ever compelling any one to follow Him 
against his own will or even attempting it. 
Christ would not have accomplished so much 
in the salvation of this world if he had 
adopted the compulsory method. If this 
method had been the better one Christ would 
have adopted it. 

Obstinacy is one of the principal charac- 
teristics of the human race, and just so long 



as we feel that we are compelled to perform 
certain tasks, we feel it our duty to rebel. 
A person compelled Sunday after Sunday, 
month after month, and year after year, to 
attend church, sit on the most uncomfortable 
seats ever made, and listen to sermon after 
sermon not in the least adapted to his under- 
standing or spiritual requirements will soon, 
not seeing that he derives any benefit from 
the service, lose all interest in the affairs of 
the church, and will lose his respect for the 
religion of his Maker. However, the com- 
pulsion being removed, the obstinacy finds 
nothing to rebel against, and the student 
will, from his own desire, attend church more 
regularly than he now does, being compelled 
by rule. It is a comparatively easy matter, 
even under the present system, to find some 
excuse for not attending church, and thus a 
student may avoid it, by dishonest means, 
however. A student attending church of 
his own accord will seek some place of 
worship where the sermons are adapted to 
his individual tastes and requirements. He 
will thus retain his respect for the church 
and its religion and will attend divine 
worship with more reverence than he would 
under compulsion. Is not optional church 
and chapel superior to compulsory? The 
writer would like very much to see the ad- 
vantages of the compulsory system explained. 



When the train bearing the Bowdoin del- 
egation arrived at Waterville, they were met 
by a number of Colby men, who at once 
escorted them to the Y. M. C. A. headquar- 
ters. When the building was reached, stir- 
ring shouts of " B-o-w-d-o-i-n, rah ! rah ! rah ! " 
rent the air. Here excellent accommodations 
were soon provided, four going to President 

Small's, two to Professor Hall's, and one to 
Judge Hall's. 

In the evening the delegates were wel- 
comed to the city by Rev. Mr. Spencer, of 
Waterville, and by J. P. Cilley, of Bowdoin, 
in behalf of the state committee. The con- 
vention was then addressed by Rev. Smith 
Baker, of Lowell, on the subject of " The 
Obligation of the Churches to Young Men." 
His discourse was masterly, brilliant, and 
witty. Mr. F. M. Lamb, of New York, ren- 
dered several selections during the evening. 
He has a fine tenor voice, and his singing 
was very much enjoyed throughout the 
entire convention. 

The next morning the delegates met for 
organization, and Mr. Pearl, of Bangor, was 
elected President. To this gentleman, in 
great measure, is due the credit for the 
prompt and satisfactory way in which all 
business was disposed of. During the days 
of Friday and Saturday the convention was 
employed in devotional exercises, discussions 
of various topics, reports, papers, busi- 
ness, etc. 

President Small's address, on Friday even- 
ing, was very able and scholarly, and created 
much favorable comment. 

Mr. H. M. Moore, of Boston, addressed 
the convention Saturday evening. His dis- 
course was earnest and scintillant with wit, 
and was listened to with rapt attention. 

One of the most pleasant features of the 
convention was the reception and banquet 
given to the college graduates and students 
by the Colby Y. M- C. Association, in the 
Baptist vestry. Here was tried the practice 
recommended at Northfield of each man 
wearing a slip of paper on which was written 
his name and college. It worked to a charm 
and everybody seemed at home. 

Meetings were held in the various churches 
on Sunday, led by the general secretaries. 
The great mass meeting occurred in the 
afternoon in City Hall, conducted by Messrs. 



H. M. Moore, of Boston, and A. H. Whit- 
ford, of Cambridge. In the evening the 
farewell service was also led by Mr. Moore. 
At its close a circle was formed, and, with 
joined hands, the hymn " Blessed Be the Tie 
That Binds " was sung, and, after receiving 
the benediction, the convention adjourned. 

The Bowdoin delegates were: Webb, '90; 
Cilley, Jarvis, and A. M. McDonald, '91 ; 
Lee, A. M. Merriman, J. D. Merriman, and 
Osborne, '92 ; Stanley, '93. They expressed 
themselves as much pleased with the way in 
which they were used by both Faculty and 
students of Colby. 

It was voted to hold the next convention 
at Lewiston. 



The Bowdoins met the Tufts on the Port- 
land base-ball grounds, Saturday afternoon, 
and were defeated in a very close and excit- 
ing game by a score of 8 to 4. 

The game was called at 2.45, and the 
Tufts had the kick off. The Bowdoins were 
rather inexperienced and the Tufts rushed 
the ball down the field and scored a touch- 
down. Then they punted out for a fair 
catch, but they dribbled and they rushed it 
across again securing their second and last 
touch-down. From this point on the Bow- 
doins braced up and played a fine game. 
They worked the ball up towards the Tufts 
goal, and fine runs were made by W. Hilton 
and Packard, Hilton finally securing a touch- 
down, from which Andrews failed to kick a 
goal. The Tufts then worked the ball back 
into Bowdoin's territory and would probably 
have secured a touch-down if time had not 
been called, Captain Powell of the Tufts 
doing particularly fine work. In the second 
half of the game Bowdoin rushed the ball 

well down toward Tufts goal and lost the 
ball to Tufts, who in their turn worked 
the ball up to within a few feet of the Bow- 
doin goal. The ball was then lost to the 
Tufts through carelessness, and Bowdoin in 
the last few minutes rushed it way down 
nearly to the Tufts goal, Haskell, Packard, 
and Kempton doing great work. The feat- 
ures of the game was the playing of the 
backs on both sides, the rushing tactics of 
the Tufts rush line. Much praise is due to 
Haskell, who captained our team in fine 
shape and played a strong game. Andrews 
and Parker were injured, and Kempton and 
Carlton took their places. The best indi- 
vidual playing was done by Powell, Stover, 
and Rose for the Tufts, and Haskell, Packard, 
W. Hilton, Sears, and Kempton for Bowdoin. 
The teams were made up as follows : 


Cunningham, Snow, Foster, Lane, Williams, 
Brown, Hickoek, rushers; Rose, quarter-back; 
Powell, Stover, half-backs; Edmunds, full-back. 


Freeman, Downes, Foss, Haskell, Parker, Carl- 
ton, Hastings, Sears, rushers; E. Hilton, quarter- 
back ; W. Hilton, Packard, half-backs ; Andrews, 
Kempton, full-backs. 


The Teacher's Manual of Geography. By Jacques 

W. Bedway. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co., 1889. Pp. 

174; cloth, 50 cents. 
Topics in Geography. By W. F. Nichols. Boston, 

D. C. Heath & Co., 1889. Pp. 184; cloth, 50 cents. 

Immediately upon the heels of the new movement 
in education has followed a large number of text- 
books designed to set forth the principles which that 
movement evolved. The histories, geographies, 
grammars, and spelling books of the common 
schools have undergone a complete transformation. 
Instead of a "stale and unprofitable" aggregation 
of facts, we have emphasized the principles which 
underlie these facts, and with which alone the true 
education is concerned. 

No less true is this of the books for higher schools 
and colleges. The Natural and Mental Sciences, 
Modern Languages, and even the Classics, which we 



had been accustomed to look upon as a perfected 
study — all, are feeling the impulse. 

As a result of this radical change, there is more 
demanded of instructors. Under the old system I 
have seen a teacher, who had been in the same grade 
for a dozen years, and had taught the same things 
over and over till one would have thought she must 
know it like the alphabet, depend solely for her 
questions upon the printed lists at the end of the 
sections, reading them from the book lying before 
her. Had that teacher the right to be surprised that 
this question-and-answer fusilade of text-book matter 
grew stale for the pupils ? 

With the new views of education this class of 
incumbents has been relegated to the mummy-case. 
Henceforth a teacher must demonstrate her right to 
her position by being "up with the times" and 
thoroughly in touch with her pupils. 

General works on pedagogj' and treatises on the 
method of teaching particular branches have multi- 
plied, till now the subject has a considerable litera- 

Among the recent and more valuable additions 
are the two books before us. Mr. Kedway has al- 
ready published several books upon geography, 
bringing to his work the experience of a traveler and 
explorer, as well as that of a teacher. It is safe to 
say that this little volume is far ahead of anything of 
its kind that has ever appeared. The first part is 
rich in hints to teachers, based upon the nevf system 
of instruction. He says in substance: Observation 
and oral instruction should take precedence of text- 
book work in the lower grades, and in higher grades, 
where, of course, text-book work must come in, the 
topical recitation, when the pupil is once trained to 
it, will furnish a test of his faithfulness during the 
study hour. Not only this, but it also trains the pupil 
to express his thoughts lluently, concisely, and cor- 
rectly in his own language. This alone, if nothing else 
were accomplished, would be a valuable discipline. 

But the true work of the teacher begins at this 
point; namely, to round off the facts recited by de- 
veloping their logical connection, their sequence, and 
the operation of the causes which produce effects. 
This can be done only by skillful questioning — ques- 
tioning like that by which the expert lawyer ferrets 
out the innermost secrets of a recalcitrant witness. 
It goes without saying that the questions available 
for such work are not the ones to be found on the 
printed page of the text-book; on the contrary, the 
questions not found there are those which will 
best arouse mental activities. 

The second part is devoted on excellent treatment 
of " Modern Facts and Ancient Fancies of Geog- 

raphy," touching every live question of geology, 
hydrography, etc. It is a work of sterling value. 

Mr. Nichols' "Topics in Geography" contains 
graded courses for instruction and should be used 
in connection with Redway's Manual. Mr. Redway 
himself heartily recommends it. 

Alden's Manifold Cyclopedia. Vol. XIII. Electric- 
ity—Exclaim. New York, John B. Alden, 1889. 

Mr. Alden's characteristic enterprise never showed 
itself more fully than in the work of which the pres- 
ent volume is a part. He has conceived and is 
carrying out a scheme, originating entirely with 
himself, of combining under one alphabet an un- 
abridged dictionary and a complete cyclopedia. 

The magnitude of such an undertaking can be 
comprehended when we see that thirteen 500-page 
volumes have been required to reach as far as 
"exclaim." Still the articles are not lengthened 
beyond the absolute demands of the subject treated ; 
nor is space needlessly devoted to obsolete words, 
which could have little significance to any one but 
the philologist. 

The work is made for the people, but its recent- 
ness makes it a valuable accession to the library of 
any specialist. As a book of handy reference it has 
not its equal in the field of cyclo23edic literature, and 
its extraordinary cheapness places it within the reach 
of those of the most modest income. Its neat, sub- 
stantial binding — half morocco — gives it an added 

D. C. Heath & Co., will publish in October 
Lessing's " Minne von Barnhelm," a comedy in five 
acts, edited with notes and an extended introduction 
by Sylvester Primer. The play is highly interest- 
ing, since the style is Lessing's best and the dramatic 
effects well sustained. The study of Lessing as a 
dramatist and critic is essential to a comprehensive 
knowledge of Germany's great classic period;, hence 
the importance of this masterpiece to students of 
German. In the introduction the editor gives the 
progress of German literature from the time of 
Opitz to Lessing, the condition of the German stage, 
and something of the intellectual development of the 
people during this period. A discriminating biogra- 
phy of Lessing and a "critical analysis" of the 
play, gives a full analysis of the characters and 
an account of the historical and other sources, while 
its national importance, as being truly German, is 
well brought out. 




: You are full of airs as a music-box," 
Said John to the sweet young girl 
Who refused to let hirn see her home, 
As she tossed her saucy curl. 

With complacent smile on her countenance, 
She answered him open and frank: 
" That may be true, but I proved to you 
I do not go with a crank." 

Hastings, '91, has returned and rejoined his class. 

A North Appleton Junior is thought to be medi- 
tating suicide, by reason of some one's unexpectedly 
borrowing of him a jug of the enlivening apple juice 
which he had not had time even to sample. 

Rev. Elijah Kellogg, '40, delivered a very elo- 
quent sermon before the Y. M. C. A., on Sunday of 
last week. 

The new uniforms of the foot-ball eleven consist 
of the regulation canvas suits, with a large B on the 
breasts, and black and white caps. 

The candidates for the glee club are practicing 
regularly every night now. 

The amount netted from the sale of the reading- 
room papers a week ago was considerably smaller 
than usual. The Independent brought the largest 

Kennan's lecture on Siberia was one of the in- 
tellectual treats of the year. He was induced to 
lecture here by Professor Robinson. 

Quite a number of the students betook themselves 
to the festive town of Bath, Wednesday night, to 
attend the fair. 

The names of Chandler, Munsey, and Young may 
be added to the list of foot-ball victims. 

Bates College has organized a foot-ball eleven 
and expects soon to meet Bowdoin on the gory field. 

The Juniors have just begun laboratory work in 
chemistry. They have been separated into two di- 
visions owing to the size of the " Lab." 

'Ninety-one's dancing school starts out Wednesday 
of this week, with Professor Gilbert, of Portland, as 

instructor. The committee are Chapman, Fish, 
Hastings, Lincoln, Loring, and Ridlon. 

The next themes will be written on the following 
subjects: Juniors — I. "Ought Convict Labor be 
Employed on Public Works?" II. "Should the 
Phonetic Method of Spelling be Adopted?" III. 
"Characteristics of the Modern Popular Novel." Soph- 
omores — I. " Should the Maine Prohibitory Law be 
Repealed ? " II. "The Value of Arctic Explorations." 
III. " How Much Time Should the College Student 
Devote to General Reading ? " 

Apropos of themes, why would it not be a good 
plan to have an extra copy of the theme-subjects 
posted in the library, as some public-spirited indi- 
vidual is almost sure to appropriate the one on the 

The State Convention of the Y. M. C. A. was 
held at Waterville on the 17th, 18th, and 19th insts. 
All the Maine colleges were represented. Webb, 
'90; Cilley, Jarvis, '91; Lee, Osborne, A. M. Merry- 
man, J. D. Merryman, '92 ; and Stanley, '93, repre- 
sented Bowdoin. 

The Freshmen are at present pondering over the 
momentous question of a class yell. 

A. O. Reed, the genial photographer, recently 
transferred to paper the physiognomies of the mem- 
bers of '91. The group was taken in front of 

Bowdoin white adorned the proud breasts of 
nearly one hundred sturdy Bowdoin men at Port- 
land, Saturday. 

Subscriptions for foot-ball up to the present time 
amount to $185.50. 

Thompson, '91, has come out of the woods and 
rejoined his class. He has been enjoying a hunting 
trip in Northern Maine, and reports game plenty. 

Mul also has been gaining golden laurels as a 
sportsman. Thus far three partridges and an inno- 
cent robin stand to his credit. 

Jameson, '80, was on the campus recently can- 
vassing for Chambers' Encyclopedia. The easy 
terms offered induced a number of the boys to order 

Rogers, '89, visited his Alma Mater recently. 

Greely, '90, is assistant in the Brunswick High 

Turner and Wingate, '90; Burr and Nelson, '91; 
R. F. Bartlett and Swett, '92 ; and May, '93, attended 
the forty-third annual convention of Delta Kappa 
Epsilon held at Boston, October 15th, 16th, and 17th. 



Dudley, '91, has left college for a time on account 
of ill health. 

Candidates for the nine are to take a systematic 
course of training this winter, under the direction of 
Professor Whittier. 

Brown, '91, has in his room a very ingenious 
specimen of his skill and handiwork in the shape of 
an exact model of a woodman's ax carved helve and 
head from one solid block of pine. The ax was 
made with a knife and a piece of sand-paper, and 
represents many of the owner's spare moments dur- 
ing the summer vacation. 

Pendleton has laid in a fine stock of gymnasium 
goods to dazzle the eyes of the aspiring athlete. 

Saturday morning, when the boys awoke from 
their slumbers, it was found that a sneak thief had 
visited the campus the night before, and had pretty 
thoroughly cleaned out the two ends, North Winthrop 
and North Appleton. Several articles of wearing ap- 
parel were found to be missing, together with a watch, 
several clocks, a considerable sum of money, and one 
of the '91 prize boating cups. The case was put into 
the hands of Despeaux, and Saturday night the 
missing articles were traced to George Seco, alias 
" Whisker," who had presented the silver cup as a 
love token to the young lady of his heart. Georgie's 
castles in the air were stepped upon by the heavy 
foot of the law, and it is to be hoped he will rebuild 
them behind the bars, where thieves cannot break 
out and steal. 

The Juniors enjoyed adjourns in chemistry all 
last week. 

Professor Whittier has purchased from Dodge & 
Co. a new set of parallel bars for the gymnasium. 
This new piece of apparatus is made of gas pipe 
covered with leather and is quite the latest thing in 
the parallel line. 

Regular exercise in the gym will begin about 
November 1st. 

The bright and caustic editorial in the last number 
of the Orient in regard to the college church, could 
not fail to attract attention in the sanctums of the 
Maine press. The Lewislon Journal thus concludes 
a somewhat lengthy notice of the article : " Perhaps 
what the boys most need is a muscular divine to snap 
them up in their pews and set his broad and pious 
palms to spanking! What rich cuticular shadings 
such vigorous treatment might produce! What an 
impetuous flow of collcgiates blood through the col- 
legiates surface veins." All we can say to the 
Journal is, come up and see us some Sunday and see 
what your tune will be then. 

Professors L. A. Lee and C. C. Hutchings recently 
received invitations to accompany the government 
expedition to South Africa, under the charge of 
Professor Todd of Amherst, to observe the eclipse of 
December 2"2d. The Lewislon Journal remarks; 
" It is quite complimentary to the Faculty of the 
college." How complimentary it would have been 
to the members of the expedition if our tvvo Bowdoin 
lights could have been added to their already brilliant 
galaxy. Fortunately for Bowdoin, however, Pro- 
fessors Lee and Hutchings were unable to accept the 
invitation and will remain in charge of their classes 
during the year. 

Professor Whittier has adopted Dr. Sargeant's 
new Hand Book of Developing Exercise. It is a 
great improvement over the old pamphlet, being 
more complete and containing cuts well illustrating 
the various positions to be taken in the use of the 
different pieces of apparatus. 

The Juniors will exercise with the " single 
sticks " during the coming winter. The principal 
object is to learn how to handle a cane effectively in 
a hand-to-hand fight with a crowd. 

The Exchange Editor has taken a wise step in 
placing college publications on file for the benefit of 
the students. 

A rattle of wheels on the college walk 
A man from the window leaned 
"Bring up a couple o' jugs o' the stuff," 
It was the cider fiend. 

A student was standing before the glass 

And over the bureau leaned 
To view the whiskers in front of his ears 

He was the sider fiend. 

Both cider and sider are quite prevalent just at 

A well attended meeting was held in Lower 
Memorial Hall, October 17th, to consider the feasibil- 
ity of forming a general college debating society. 
Chandler, '90, was elected president pro tempore, and 
W. R. Hunt, Ridley, Spillaine, E. H. Newbegin, 
Newman, and Pugsley were appointed by the chair 
as an executive committee to draw up a constitution 
of by-laws, etc. Everybody present was given an 
opportunity to express his views as to what the 
nature of the society should be, and it was the unan- 
imous opinion that the attainment of excellence in 
debate ought to be made the primary consideration. 
It was proposed to devote a short time to the discus- 
sion of the current events of the day every two 
weeks, the intervening week to be devoted to a lect- 
ure, eithei; by some member of the Faculty or by an 



outside lecturer. The committee were to report 
Monday, October 28th, when a permanent organiza- 
tion was to be effected. 

Efforts are being made to secure another game of 
foot-ball with Tufts. Why wouldn't it be a good 
idea to try conclusions with Exeter and Andover 
also ? 

The Tufts thought the Portland grounds a little 
rough for foot-ball. The Orient wonders what they 
thought of the Bowdoin boys. 

The Hilton family and Packard are bad men to 
oppose when they get a start with the ball. 

The Boston Globe says, "The Bowdoin boys were 
no match for the Bay State kickers." Bowdoin is not 
quite so sure of that, my friend. The score was only 
8 to 4 any way, and it was the universal opinion that 
ten minutes more would have made the honors equal. 

So Whisker is behind the bars at last. What will 
the college be without his genial smile and his stove 
polishing apparatus. No more will he be seen vigor- 
ously removing the dust from the college carpet; no 
more will his plug hat and cane bring fortune to the 
boys in their spring base-ball contests. Alas! alas! 
O Whisker, why dids't thou give that boating cup 
with the owners name engraved thereon to thy dark 
complexioned girl with the cork-screw hair. But for 
that recreant act, might you still have eluded pursuit 
and escaped the all-seeing eye of the avenging 

Singing in the chapel is being carried on on a 
more extensive scale this term than ever before. A 
sum has been appropriated for the support of an 
octette, and it is to be hoped that the tine music with 
which the students were favored, Sunday, will be 

Only three members of last year's Glee Club are 
still in college. New men, however, under the in- 
struction of Mr. F. S. Simpson are rapidly coming 
forward, and from the number of candidates in the 
field it looks as if Bowdoin is to be well represented 
in musical circles this winter as usual. 

A car was bowling merrily along over the cobble 
stones of a Portland street. A crowd of students, 
among them a worthy representative of the Okient 
board, were standing comfortably in a genial crowd 
on the rear platform. Suddenly the Orient man be- 
came dazzled (not razzle-dazzled) by a vision of 
feminine loveliness, which, arrayed in holiday attire, 
was sailing complacently down the street. A wild 
desire seized the Orient man to take a nearer view 
of the aforesaid vision. He broke from the crowd 
and would have leaped gracefully from the car had 

he not been brought up in green pastures and beside 
still waters where horse railroads do not exist. Alas 
for the would-be masher. Instead of removing him- 
self from the car in the ordinary way he made a 
backward leap, when lo! head, cobble stones, car, 
and a thousand electric sparks appeared before his 
eyes together with numerous stains of Portland mud 
upon his clothes, while the vision, with an audible 
smile, sailed slowly around a neighboring corner 
never to appear again. 

Class Secretaries would 
confer a great favor on the 
d by informing them of any items 
of interest in regard to their classmates 
which would not be likely to appear in the 
papers. As we are almost entirely depend- 
ent on the Maine and Boston dailies for our personal 
news, the supply is sometimes very limited. 

'25. — Nathaniel Dunn, who has lived for many 
years in New York City, died Thursday, October 
17th, at his home, No. 3 Bank Street, where he had 
lived in retirement for nearly twenty years. He was 
born in Portland, Me., in 1800 and graduated from 
Bowdoin in the famous class of '25. On leaving 
college he became a tutor at Wilbraham Wesleyan 
Academy, Mass. He went to New York in 1829 and 
taught there for many years. At one time he was 
teacher of Chemistry at Rutgers Female College. 
Mr. Dunn was a strong abolitionist and is said to 
have been one of the founders of the first Republican 
club in the twelfth ward. He was the author of a 
volume of verse, entitled "Satan Chained." 

'30. — Rev. David Quimby Cushman died in War- 
ren, Me., October 13th. He was born in Wiscasset, 
December 2, 1806, and graduated at Bowdoin in the 
class of '30. He graduated from Andover Seminary 
in 1834 and was oi'dained at Millville, Mass., as a 
Congregational minister. He settled in Boothbay in 
1836 and has also preached in Warren, Newcastle, 
Pittston, and several places in Massachusetts. In 
1838 Mr. Cushman was married to Miss Emeline H. 
Sewall of Bath, and during the latter part of his life 
he lived in that city. Since his wife's death he has 



been living with his daughter, Mrs. W. H. Hodg- 
man, in Warren. Mr. Cushman was a member of 
the Maine Historical Society, the New England His- 
torical Society, and the Genealogical Society. 

'41. — Rev. Dr. Magoun, ex-President of Iowa 
College, has just published a new book, entitled 
"Asa Turner, a Home Missionary Patriarch and His 
Times," a personal history of the famous Iowa Band 
and of the planting of Congregationalism in Illinois 
and Iowa. 

'41. — We learn through the Telegraph of the 
death of Dr. Albion W. Knight of Jacksonville, Fla. 
Dr. Knight was a former resident of Brunswick and 
a graduate of Bowdoin in 1841. 

'81. — Rev. C. H. Cutler, of Bangor, has a sermon 
in the Christian Union for October 17th. 

'86. — Charles A. Byram, for some years principal 
of the Freeport Grammar School, has been elected 
principal of the Bangor High School in place of Jere. 
M. Hill, 75, resigned. 

'89. — W. D. Gilpatric is teaching a district school 
in Scarboro, Me. 

'89.— V. O. White is in the Harvard Medical 
School, and also assisting Dr. F. H. Morse, Melrose, 

Engraved on his cuffs 
"Were the Furies aud Fates, 
And a delicate map 
Of the Dorian States; 
And they found in his palms, which were hollow, 
What is frequent in palms— that is, dates. 

— University. 
A colored student, Clement G. Morgan, of the 
Senior class of Harvard, lias been elected class 
orator by his fellow-classmates. 

Of over 1,200 students in Cornell University last 
year, only 605 paid tuition.— Wellesley Prelude. 

The Harvard Glee Club have offered three prizes, 
twenty-five, fifteen, and ten dollars, for the three 
best compositions, either glees or college songs. 

The higher institutions of learning in Norway, 
Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland, also Italy, have 
become co-educational. 


I make a specialty of 

Tennis Skocs, Gymnasium Shoes, 

and Gents' Fine Foot- Wear. 
Wc do business on the square at 


Your patronage respectfully solicited. 
2 Odd Fellows Block, BRUNSWICK. 


Snow's Block, BRUNSWICK, ME. 


^r-u-lt, Confectionery, ancl Cigars. 

H. J. GIVEN, Proprietor. 

JOHN BURR, The Florist, 


Cut Flowers for Any Oeeasion 

Furnished at short notice. 


Orders left with W. E. Cumhings will receive 
prompt attention. 

XS "W. n. 


Dealer in Fancy and Standard Groceries. 



B. SPEAR, Proprietor, 


Private Suppers and Banquets a specialty. 




Cedar Street, Brunswick, Me. 


Vol. XIX. 


No. 9. 




George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newregin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

15 cents, 
•on applica- 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstore 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, l'rofcssors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick ;is Seeuuil-Clu.-.- Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 9.- November 13, 1889. 

The Last Waltz (poem) 157 

Editorial Notes 157 

A Lesson from Byron, KiO 

Through the Mist (poem) 102 

Option or Compulsion ? 102 

A Curiosity, 163 

Explanation of the Re-arrangement of the Library, . 163 

Genius (poem), 105 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention, 106 

Foot-Ball 107 

Epic (poem), 168 

Book Reviews, 109 

Collegii Tabula, 171 

Personal 17.'! 

College World, 173 


Under the spell of music's graceful measure, 
A fair hand resting lightly on my arm, 

While on her face a radiant smile of pleasure 
Adds to her beauty its bewitching charm. 

Whirling away light as the lightest feather 

Plucked from the nest well lined with eider-down. 

Sprightly the little feet which wearied never 
Till the last echoes of the waltz had flown. 

She is by far the best of all the dancers. 

I sit beside her, pass her smelling salts, 
When up comes Harry ("Isn't this my Lancers?") 

Excuse me please ! Thus ended my last waltz. 

t poetry (not 
to cast any reflections on its literary style) 
in the little poem, entitled "Practical," which 
appeared in our last issue. The unfledged 
college-boy inflicting himself on the practical, 
common-sense country-folk is a by no means 
uncommon type. Unendurable as he is to his 
less-affected fellows, he must be a thousand- 
fold more so than the hard-handed, hard- 
minded old farmer who performs his perfunc- 
tory duties with unshrinking fidelity, nor 
asks aught of the votaries of science. 

This college student is a much-talked-of 
being, and even to this enlightened day, so 
great are his absurdities that a cpuite respect- 
able school of common-sense thinkers unite 
in condemning college education altogether. 
So exclusively does he associate with those 
of his own years that he takes on an artificial 
coloring that is inconsistent with his age and 
sex. He is essentially sui generis; news- 
paper wags have tried to classify him and 
have wasted a good deal of cheap printer's 
ink for their pains. But he still thrives. 

We do not intend to pose before our 
readers as moralists or dyspeptics; we only 
desire to propose two simple remedies for 
this sometimes fatal malady. The first is 
contact with one's elders ; the second is some 
business during vacation. Youth is flippant 
and manhood is grave ; and, despite the say- 



ing of the poet that "youth and crabbed 
age " cannot live together, something there 
is in each that inspires or refreshes the other. 
The one takes on gravity and is beaconed 
on to new endeavor ; the other imbibes fresh 
vigor from glimpses of the past. The Mon- 
day evening receptions are too little availed 
of, and there is too little contact with those 
few men of the town who would gladly 
know us better. There is always opportu- 
nity for association with one's elders even to 
the college man. 

The best method of demagnetization, 
however, is the business of a summer vaca- 
tion. It takes but a very short time for our 
young lord of creation to find out that with 
the keen, working men of the world, the 
college man, as such, is not worth a sou. If 
there be anything beneath the stars that it 
were desirable to make compulsory for this 
aspiring young divinity, it is work during 
vacations. It would keep him nearer earth. 

Foot-ball may now be considered as for- 
mally inaugurated in Maine, and tardy 
enough has been its advent. Bates has met 
Bowdoin, and, though defeated, showed up 
well, especially in tackling. Garcelon and 
Emery did as fine individual- work as have 
any the Bowdoins have met. We hear 
complaint that Bates College does not sup- 
port its eleven. If such is the case, we call 
it pretty hard lines. The boys who, inex- 
perienced and with only two hours' coaching, 
came down and put up the gritty game they 
did, deserve hearty support. They were 
handicapped; they entered the field under 
every possible disadvantage. 

They have fine sprinters and tacklers, 
but are unfortunately weak jnst where we are 
strong, viz., in the rush line; hence the dis- 
proportionate score. We do not think the 
eleven that came down could ever beat the 
Bowdoins, but we do think the .score a mis- 

leading index of the relative strength of the 

So brace up, Bates ! You have beaten us 
at base-ball, so why not strengthen up your 
rush line, get one or two games with Massa- 
chusetts elevens, and invite us up for another 
tilt at foot-ball. It is a bad time for you to 
leave off. If the Bates eleven only saw fit, 
with such a field as Lewiston and Auburn 
to draw from, they could make money on 
every game they might play, and snap their 
fingers at the college. 

Foot-ball is to the fall term what base-ball 
is to the summer term. A college that does not 
have it savors of the backwoods. Bowdoin 
goes in the "swim," Bates wavers, and 
Colby declines with thanks. Maine State 
College we hear nothing from. She is a 
genuine surprise party, any way, and we 
should think it nothing strange, if some fine 
day eleven uniforms should come this way, 
labeled "business." All we can say to our 
boys is, " When they come, make no predic- 

It is a rather unnatural, and yet in a 
sense a perfectly natural, fact, that Bowdoin 
is not an object of especial solicitude to cer- 
tain Maine sheets — save where some college 
scandal comes to light. The Portland Argus 
and the Kennebec Journal, each with a son of 
the college at the helm, are staunch adher- 
ents. We know of no reason why the Ban- 
gor papers are not well-wishers of the col- 
lege, also. 

There are, however, certain influential 
papers, which claim to be cosmopolitan State 
organs, but are as rankly partisan for other 
colleges as any sense of reason will stand. 
A Bowdoin success is given an insignificant 
position with an irrelevant heading; a Bow- 
doin defeat is flaunted before the public with 
all the vindictive exultation of spread-head- 
ings and heavy type. Of course this is a 
hard allegation to prove and an easy one to 



deny, for there is no fixed rule for headings, 
type, or prominence of position. But we 
have the supreme satisfaction of knowing it 
to be a fact all the same, and that some other 
people will know it also, should this haply 
fall beneath their eyes. 

This is not a plaintive wail of injustice. 
We are not trying to cry ourselves into favor. 
We know better than that. Bowdoin has 
too much past record and too much present 
prosperity to allow it. What we aim at 
is simply this: To impress upon the boys 
of the college who have journalistic procliv- 
ities that, if we are to get our share of free 
advertising in the Maine press, we must be 
up and doing. Send off reports of all im- 
portant happenings; let every paper in the 
State have its college correspondent. Let 
the people know that we are alive. It will 
count. Let the papers refuse our reports, 
and then it will be time enough for us to 
protest. The only way to do is to compel 
recognition by doing our own reporting. It 
is only the matter of a stamp, an envelope, 
and a little cheap paper. One cannot show his 
love for the old institution in any better way. 

Judging from the signs of the times, we 
feel constrained to generalize a little more 
on the relations of professor and student as 
to work and recitations. 

The success of all teaching is grounded 
in this one principle — to require only as 
much work or attention as one can compel 
the execution of; or, as the vulgar hath it, 
" not to bite off more than one can chew." 
The most enthusiastic and faithful instructor 
is often the one to educe the least intellec- 
tuality. In his very earnestness he is apt to 
try to reach at a single bound what, in real- 
ity, requires an infinitude of steps. The 
end of "instruction is undoubtedly the highest 
possible degree of mental growth that can 
be educed by the topic in hand, consistent 
with the other demands of the curriculum. 

That this is not reached is undoubtedly a 
fact; that the enthusiastic professor is de- 
termined it shall be reached is also a fact ; 
but it is none the less a fact that if that same 
enthusiastic professor starts out with the 
ideal requirement, his ideal will be trailed in 
the dust. The result will be that the lessons 
are not half learned, that the boys will get 
down on him, and at a late day he will learn 
the old, old lesson that the most successful 
instructor is the one who leads up by invisi- 
ble cords through gentle but determinate 
gradations. If the boys mistrust what he is 
about, they will brace their feet like so many 
mules; and even if they are compelled to 
move along, the trip is so marred with stop- 
page and friction that there is no real, ear- 
nest work done. The professor must learn 
to wink at many " omissions and commis- 
sions " until he gets a foothold with the class. 
We do not mean that he is to surrender his 
dignity and become mere putty ; there is a 
via media. 

Our next-door neighbor, the Colby Echo, 
takes exception to our quoting a line from 
its local column. It was "Hurrah for old 
Phi Chi." It imputes to us motives entirely 
foreign to our intentions. We quoted the 
line in question just for the joke of the thing. 
It pleased us to see the good old song, 
though symbolic of something which is hap- 
pily defunct at Bowdoin and Colby alike, 
perpetuated in the columns of our contem- 
porary. It seemed like a happy gleam from 
the days of "wild oats." May it never die ; 
may it live in song like the ballads of Captain 
Kid and the Buccaneers of the Spanish Main, 
though, like them, the thing it celebrates is 
relegated to the realm of tradition. 

So, friend Echo, please divest your mind 
of any such misconceptions as the tone of 
your protest would seem to indicate. We 
can easily see how, in the light of the past, 
you gained a wrong impression. When you 



come to Brunswick next spring to see our 
boys play the old game, just give us a call and 
we will "kill the fatted calf"; and if you 
should still persist in harboring your present 
opinion, we will be as humble as you please. 
The Orient may be a trifle aggressive some- 
times, but in all things it intends to be frank, 
free, and above-board. 

Again are we compelled to call attention 
to the fact that some members of the college 
hung over the fence, a la yagger, at a recent 
foot-ball game. They were mostly Fresh- 
men, we are glad to note, and undoubtedly 
thought it was pretty. It is not so, my 
young friends, so do not let it happen again. 
It is a very judicious scheme that some of 
the boys have adopted, to form a barrier and 
cut off the view. A few umbrellas or ladies' 
hats would be of material assistance. Let it 
continue, and our young friends will soon 
learn to bring their twenty-five cents and 
step inside the gate with all the sovereign 
glory of incipient manhood. 

We have reason to believe that many of 
the students hesitate about consulting the 
Librarian regarding topics and, in some in- 
stances, regarding the position of volumes ; 
and perhaps under the stress of work attend- 
ant upon the re-cataloguing, there has been 
reason for this. However that may be, it is 
certain that, this year, Professor Little is not 
only at liberty to render any assistance in 
his power, but that he also is very desirous 
that the students feel perfectly free to avail 
themselves of it. 

There ought to be some courtesy shown 
regarding books or periodicals in the library 
bearing on the questions of the Debating 
Club. It now amounts to nothing more or less 
than a grab game, and the one who gets left 
is put in a rather hard position. The books 
should be left in the library for consultation 
during regular hours. 


The mind of every man is possessed of a 
certain dominant mood which influences his 
achievements and through them is evinced. 
Witli the lawyer it is shown by his conduct 
of a suit, with the farmer by the appearance 
of his estate, but more clearly than in any 
other case is the controlling passion of the 
author revealed by his writings, and, on the 
principle that like attracts like, it is ac- 
cording as this passion meets the temper of 
each individual reader that the writer's 
works will be appreciated and liked, or re- 
jected by that reader. That is, an author's 
best admirers are those people who most 
closely resemble him in nature and, inversely, 
a person's "favorite author" is the one 
whose pages most truthfully reflect himself. 
Thus the man of a purely religious turn who 
sees God's teachings in every natural object 
will find his chief delight in studying 
Wordsworth — who likes a little incident or 
narrative worked in with his morality, Long- 
fellow. The good reader of Tennyson 
must have a keen sense of sentiment, the 
most refined and beautiful. If I thoroughly 
enjoy Scott, I will be full of action,— love 
the hunt, the tournament, revel in scenery 
in its rougher, wilder aspects, and drink in 
most heartily a landscape with elements of 
life prominent in it. 

But what is my mental bent if I am a 
lover of Byron? We will see. Byron's was 
a nature peculiar to itself, as the pervasive 
tone of his writings proves. Some, judging 
from these, say that it was a nature of war 
and opposition to everything established and 
reasonable. Perhaps it was, as exhibited in 
places, but it was not altogether so. What 
was at the bottom of it all — of Byron's 
poetry and conduct — was a mind innately 
the incarnation of despair. Byron's despair 
was <if a sort the deepest, even bottomless — 
hopeless, and therefore, helpless. And what 
added to and aggravated it was an intense 
self-consciousness which made him apply 



everything to himself, and caused it to re- 
flect to his own vision his hopeless spirit, 
already too sore from contemplation. There 
is an undercurrent of this everywhere in 
Byron's poetry, and at times it wells up and 
becomes the very theme itself. What shall 
we say of these words from " To Inez," found 
in Canto I. of his "Childe Harold": 

"And dost thou ask, what secret woe 
I bear, corroding joy and youth ? 

It is not love, it is not hate, 
Nor low ambition's honors lost; 

It is that weariness which springs 
From all I meet, or hear, or see ; 

It is that settled, ceaseless gloom, 

That will not look beyond the tomb, 
But cannot hope for rest before." 

And then the self-consciousness comes in. 

" What exile from himself can flee ? 
To zones, though more and more remote, 
Still, still pursues, where'er I be, 
The blight of life — the demon Thought. 

I've known the worst. 

What is that worst? Nay, do not ask — 

In pity from the search forbear ; 

Smile on — nor venture to unmask 

Man's heart, and view the Hell that's there." 

Without stopping to dilate upon the 
wretchedness depicted here, it is' easy to see 
that only the man whose nature has an 
element of hypochondria can realize the full 
significance of these lines. No one of a con- 
stantly light, happy turn can begin to meas- 
ure such despair. It is the life-sick soul that 
takes a full draught from this Byronic well 
of misery, and says amen, with the convic- 
tion that here, in the maker of it, was a true 

Any one can, perhaps, by close applica- 
tion, read himself into a Scott or a Tenny- 
sonian mood, but for the light-hearted, 
healthy mind which has the unfailing sup- 
port of a comfortable body full of rich, fast- 

flowing blood, to read itself into a genuine 
Byronic mood is about as impossible as for a 
forlorn foreigner to sadden a bobolink by 
playing to him " Home, Sweet Home." To 
these spirits there is no such " demon " as 
"Thought," for they do not think. Their 
minds are too thoroughly occupied with the 
flush and rush of life, with its business, joys, 
and anticipations, to do so unheard-of a 
thing as to stop and think. It is on, on, 
with no thought but of the present, of the 
external life replete with its enjoyments. 

And considering that man's great object 
in the world is the attainment of happiness, 
(as it undoubtedly is), is not that the hap- 
pier and better class of people who have no 
Byronic vein within them, and so have no 
disposition to contemplate themselves, and 
imagine and brood over a "secret woe," or 
feel "a weariness," or a "settled, ceaseless 
gloom "; who, as the world goes, are con- 
tented with themselves and like not and 
know not what to them is the preposterous 
idea of being " Exiles," who from themselves 
would flee? 

Is there not a lesson, then, to be learned 
from this ? Would it not be better for that 
large part of humanity, who naturally do 
stop and think and can occasionally appreci- 
ate a little Byronic melancholy, to suppress 
this faculty of theirs, to ignore it, kill it — 
to purposely fill their lives so full of busi- 
nesses and pleasures that they have no chance 
to think and give self-consciousness free 
rein, which thing always plunges them in 
mental misery? In short, it comes to this: 
Is it best for the man who has a thoughtful 
side to his make-up to indulge it, or, to put 
it in equivalent Byronic terms, is it best for 
the man who has a little Hell in his heart 
with a little demon, Thought, enthroned 
therein, to stir it up by unmasking and 
viewing it? 

It is yet a question, for, as each man 
loves himself, and prides in his own foibles, 



I would dread to give up that other side of 
my nature and become a mere basker in the 
sunshine of the world, without ever resting 
in its darker spots. 

Of an afternoon I dreamed, 
Fainter but more real it seemed, 
Than the strange and unsubstantial 

Magic visions of the night. 

Through the mist that quenched the day 
Flew my spirit far away, 
Floating gently, as if wafted 
By a current soft and light. 

Silence hovered o'er the ground 
Till was heard the welcome sound 
Of the ocean, beating, dashing 
On the cliffs with distant roar'. 

Like an echo from the sea, 
Half lost memories flooded me, 
Laden with the foam of Ocean, 

Fresh with incense from the shore. 

"Visionary pictures gleamed 
On the bank of mist that seemed 
Like a panorama, bringing 
All the past to me again. 

But the shadows there revealed 
Still within my breast are sealed, 
Vivid here, and yet defying 

All the art of tongue or pen. 


In the last Orient an article appeared in 
which its author declared himself in favor of 
optional attendance at church. Now it is 
very probable that there may be other sup- 
porters of this view in college, and doubtless 
the writer could find many who would sup- 
port liis side of the question, for reasons of 
their own, if not for those laid down by 

Of course there are two views of this 
question, and the writer seems to have taken 
the less practical one. He looks at it from 
an imaginative standpoint, and reasons as if 

this were an ideal age, in which everybody 
keenly felt the moral obligation of duty, 
and acted up to their convictions with an 
unfaltering fidelity. Looking at the ques- 
tion from such a standpoint, the idea of 
compulsory attendance at church is mani- 
festly absurd. 

But suppose we take another view of it. 
The writer begins by saying that "a young 
man on entering college is old enough to be 
fully capable of knowing what he should or 
should not do." This, perhaps, may be so. 
Probably, in most cases, the young man is 
old enough to know right from wrong, but 
it does not necessarily follow that that young 
man must be a little saint on earth, the beau 
ideal of a perfect man. 

In another place, the writer says, that 
compulsory attendance at recitations may 
be a good thing, "for a student may easily 
without realization, become very careless con- 
cerning his attendance at recitations." Why 
does not this apply equally as well to the 
student, in regard to his attendance at 
church? Attendance at recitations is a 
duty that a student owes to himself, and to 
his parents or guardian ; attendance at 
church is a duty that a student owes only 
to himself. Yet our subscriber believes that 
attendance at recitations should be compul- 
sory, and at church optional ; that his ideal 
young man would be more liable to disregard 
the double duty owed to himself, and to 
those who send him here, than he would to 
fall into carelessness concerning a duty owed 
to himself alone. 

One other point that the writer makes in 
favor of option is, that obstinacy is a prin- 
cipal characteristic of human nature, and 
that a person generally feels it his duty to 
rebel against anything like compulsion, and 
go to the opposite extreme. You might say 
also that imitation is a principal charac- 
teristic of human nature, and without the 
aid of reason, we should seek only to imitate, 



as a child, persons whom we see around us 
whether their acts were good or bad. A 
man who is obstinate merely from principle, 
who displays his pig-headedness and lack of 
common sense on every occasion is, let us 
hope, a thing of the glorious past. 

Possibly there may be advantages in this 
optional system, but the writer has doubtless 
overlooked them. His reasoning seems a 
little vague and unpractical, and he evidently 
puts too much faith in that feeling called 
moral obligation, forgetting that he is still 
dwelling among mortals. 

In closing, the writer expresses a desire 
of seeing some of the advantages of the 
compulsory system explained, but my dear 
classmate, why do you ask that? Do you 
not see every Sunday, the results of this 
laudable system? Do you not see the seats 
in church and chapel filled with the smiling 
faces of your fellow-students? Have you 
not marked the cheerful regularity with 
which a student, after obtaining fourteen 
cuts, attends divine worship on Sundays ? 
Look about you, my friend, and you will see 
abundant proof of the effectiveness of our 
compulsory system. 


Bowdoin has always made loud claims 
for precedence in Maine. The validity of 
those claims concerns not what we have to 
say. But who, on looking at our reading- 
room alone, would ever imagine that she pos- 
sessed anything to bear them out? An old 
settee, an old table, and a desk of no earthly 
use, comprise its furniture. The papers, 
within one hour from their arrival, are scat- 
tered over the table and floor, or, haply, are 
entirely missing. One sure fact is that they 
are never in their proper places. This is, of 
course, due to the carelessness of those who 
use them ; but who can expect a student, 
having a maximum of fifteen seconds in 

which to make connections with chapel or 
recitation, to hunt out the proper place to 
put a paper, when there is a table handy on 
which to throw it. The table is nothing 
more nor less than a nuisance. One, if not 
more than one, of the other Maine colleges, 
possesses a reading-room far superior to ours. 
Aside from its inconvenience and barren- 
ness, should we allow Bowdoin to be sur- 
passed in any way by a sister institution. A 
very slight outlay will place it on a level 
with any in the State, and will make it more 
attractive and convenient than it now is. 

A desk around the sides of the room 
with the papers locked to it, would be a 
great improvement on the present system. 
By this means we might be able to keep on 
hand, for reference, a few of the back num- 
bers. Should the reading-room be improved 
in some such manner, it would become one 
of our most useful and best appreciated ben- 
efits. More students would spend a part of 
their time there, and the intelligence of the 
undergraduates concerning the important 
issues of the day be greatlj r increased. 

Pleasant environment is an important 
subsidiary in all intellectual work. 

By Professor Little. 
The changes in the arrangement of the 
library during the summer vacation have 
been so great that it is proper they should 
be recorded in the columns of the Orient. 
The first change to attract attention is that 
in regard to the entrance. The architect 
who had the difficult task of joining a church 
and a library under one roof apparently en- 
deavored to atone for the indignity to which 
he subjected the library in placing it in the 
rear, by providing it with two front doors as 
well as an entrance on either side. The 
disadvantages involved in the use of the 



northern side entrance have been obvious 
during the winter and spring months. 
Though the change was necessitated by the 
use of the North Wing as an additional 
library room, it is believed that the south 
front door will prove a more convenient, if 
not a more natural and appropriate entrance. 
The vestibule, though not so spacious as the 
former one, is better lighted and offers in- 
creased facilities for the disposal of hats and 

Once within the South Wing the most 
noticeable change is in the contents of the 
ten cases standing in the center of the room. 
The first six of these are given up to the 
collection of periodicals indexed in Poole's 
Index. These are arranged in alphabetical 
order, the starting point being the table by 
the charging desk on which may be found 
the Index itself with its Supplement and 
continuations. The different cases have, on 
the side adjoining the main aisle, placards 
indicating the sets of periodicals to be found 
in each. In general the South Wing as 
heretofore is given up to Literature, to which 
division belong all numbers beginning with 
the figure 8. Books bearing numbers 800 to 
809, a group that includes works on rhetoric 
and elocution, are placed on the south side 
of the room near the door to the librarian's 
office. Following these are the numbers 
810 to 818, given to American literature in 
its sub-divisions of poetry, drama, fiction, 
essays, oratory, satire, and miscellany. Eng- 
lish literature, 820 to 828, divided in the 
same manner, succeeds, occupying the re- 
mainder of the south wall and nearly all of 
the north. Minor authors in recent English 
poetry, 821.89, have the lowest shelves near- 
est the entrance door, and English drama, 
822, begins directly behind the charging desk. 
It should be remembered that special num- 
bers are given to prominent authors, and that 
their works often occupy so much space as 
to obscure the numerical arrangement. 

Shakespeare's mimber is 822.33, and to his 
writings and to his books about them are 
given seven shelves, more than is required 
by all the rest of English drama. As a rule 
all the works of an author are in one place. 
Scott, for instance, has the number 823.73, 
and here may be found his poems and mis- 
cellanies as well as his novels. German lit- 
erature, 830 to 839, occupies the east end of 
the room, and French, 840 to 849, the central 
case adjoining. This is followed by Italian 
literature, 850 to 859; Spanish, 860 to 869; 
Latin, 870 to 879 ; Greek, 880 to 889 ; and 
the series closes with literature of minor 
languages, 890 to 899, on the east side of the 
case next to the radiator, and seventh in 
order from the entrance door. 

For convenience of reference, works on 
Philology, 400 to 499, which are arranged in 
divisions with the same numbers as in liter- 
ature, are also placed in this room on shelves 
surrounding the radiator just mentioned. 
The shelves about the upper part of the room, 
which can only be reached by the use of 
ladders, are given up to the set of Congres- 
sional documents which is of considerable 
value from its completeness, being second in 
that respect to few others in the country. 
Near the charging desk are kept the volumes 
reserved for the use of special classes. 

Banister Hall, the main library room, is 
devoted to History, a division that includes 
travels and biography. The most frequently 
consulted reference books keep their old 
place at the center of the west side. Works 
on history in general, 900 to 909, occupy the 
two adjoining alcoves. Geography and arch- 
aeology, 910 to 913, are arranged on either 
side of the former entrance door. Travels, 
914 to 919, occupy the north end of the 
room and the adjoining alcoves on the east. 
Collective biography, 920 to 929, will be 
placed in the case between the pillars, whiJe 
individual biography forms a sub-division 
marked by the letter B, and is arranged 



alphabetically by subject in the center of the 
east side. Ancient history, 930 to 939, is 
near the second window on the same side. 
English history, 942, occupies the adjacent 
corner, and that of the United States is near 
the door leading to the librarian's office. 
The case behind the east of the Dying Glad- 
iator is given to numbers 974 to 999. It is 
proposed to use the galleries for duplicates 
and large sets which can not conveniently 
be placed in strict numerical order. 

The North Wing contains all books whose 
class numbers begin with 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, or 7. 
The numerical order commences at the west 
end. The first case is devoted to Philosophy, 
100 to 199; the next three cases and one 
side of the fourth are given up to Religion, 
200 to 299. Then follow Sociology, 300 to 
399, and Science, 500 to 599. In the small 
room, to be known as the Cataloguing Room, 
the first case is allotted to Useful Arts, 600 
to 699, the second to Fine Arts, 700 to 799, 
and the third to General Works, 010 to 099, 
except such periodicals as are referred to in 
Poole's Index. 

The writings of alumni, the publications 
of the college, and books relating to the 
history of Maine are shelved in the libra- 
rian's office. It is intended to label each 
shelf in the library with the class number of 
the books thereon ; but this is a work in- 
volving a considerable expenditure of money 
as well as of time and can hardly be finished 
before the close of the academic year. Mean- 
while the librarian and his assistants are not 
only willing but anxious to give all neces- 
sary aid in finding desired books. A revision 
of the card catalogue and the addition of a 
large number of subject references will be 
begun early next term. 

Most of the paintings have been re-hung, 
and those now in the Walker Gallery belong, 
with few exceptions, to the original Bowdoin 
Collection. The cases containing the draw- 
ings by the old masters have also been placed 

in that room. The Boyd Collection, as well 
as several paintings recently given to the 
college, are hung in the cataloguing room and 
the old vestibule. This room through the 
replacing of stained glass by plain has lost 
much of its former gloominess, and is of 
great service in the re-arrangement of the 
art treasures. In Banister Hall full compen- 
sation has been made for the room now taken 
by the eight large casts by the removal of 
the four tall book-cases which cut off the 
light from the corners of the room besides 
occupying much of the floor space. 

The portraits of graduates and friends of 
the college have been moved to Memorial 
Hall. In accordance with a suggestion made 
in a recent number of the Orient, steps 
have been taken towards affixing proper 
labels to each of these. A manuscript ad- 
dition to the printed catalogue of paintings 
is being prepared, and when properly bound 
will be placed for reference in the Walker 


[In Hie library is a worn copy of "Horace" used by Long- 
fellow while a student here.] 

A rough old volume is a prize 

Than which there is no greater 
Among the classic wealth which fills 
Our noble Alma Mater. 

For, years ago, a glowing mind, 

Among her student forces, 
In this old "Horace" raised the veil 

Which covers wisdom's sources. 

The fingers pressed this soiled page, 

In midnight meditation, 
Which guided soon, with fearless strokes. 

The pen of inspiration. 

Genius is not a lightning flash 

That brings the gods' assistance, 

To passive men, who neither aid 
The gift, nor give resistance. 

But as on Nilus' sunny plains 

The pyramids were placed, 
And block by block through weary years 

Without neglect or haste, 



The work went on, until at length, 
A structure tall and fair, 

Invites dull plodders of the earth 
To climb to purer air ; 

So, by the stream of busy life 

Toiled Bowdoin's great Alumnus 

To rear a pyramid of thought 
And open up before us 

A way to reach the higher planes 
Of thinking and of seeing, 

A ladder to the upper air 
Of purer, broader being. 


The forty-third annual convention of the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity was held at 
the Parker House, Boston, October 15th, 
16th, and 17th. Delegates from twenty-eight 
Chapters and eight Alumni Associations 
were present. Theta was represented by 
Turner and Wingate, '90, Burr and Nelson, 
'91, R. F. Bartlett and. Swett, '92, and May, 
'93. An informal reception in Parlor 3 of 
the Parker occupied the time Tuesday even- 
ing, and Wednesday and Thursday forenoon 
were devoted to the secret sessions. New 
York was unanimously chosen as the place 
of the next convention. Wednesday fore- 
noon, after the business session, the delegates 
were grouped in front of the State House, 
and photographed by Pach, the New York 
artist. In the evening the public exercises 
of the fraternity were held in Tremont Tem- 
ple. Seats in the body of the house were 
reserved for the delegates, members of the 
council and the executive committee of the 
New England Alumni Association being 
seated upon the platform. Baldwin's Cadet 
Orchestra furnished music, the initial num- 
ber being the Delta Kappa Epsilon Grand 
March, which was played as the delegates 
filed into the hall. Hon. George A. Marden, 
of the Pi Chapter, presided, and after a brief 
speech of welcome to the delegates, intro- 

duced the speakers. Mr. Winfiekl Scott 
Slocum, of Amherst, '69, was orator of the 
evening in the place of ex-Governor Long, 
who was unable to be present. He spoke at 
some length on the strength and growth of 
the fraternity, and went on to emphasize the 
value of education as the foundation and 
hope of the republic. The poem, " Only in 
Service Can Greatness be Found," was deliv- 
ered by Benjamin R. Bulkley, of Concord, 
and elicited hearty applause. 

General Samuel F. Hunt, of Cincinnati, 
President of the Trustees of Miami Univer- 
sity, was called upon as a representative of 
the fraternity in the West. He spoke elo- 
quently of the advantages of the Greek let- 
ter fraternities, and of the opportunities ,of 
honor, usefulness, and good awaiting the 
young men of to-day. The speaking was 
interspersed with selections by the orchestra 
and the singing of J K E songs. 

Thursday p.m., after the secret session, 
the delegates were given a drive through the 
beautiful suburbs of Boston. Cambridge 
and Harvard were first visited, and an oppor- 
tunity given those who wished it to inspect 
the Heminway Gymnasium and other points 
of interest about the college. From there 
the procession of thirty barouches took its 
way to Newton, where the party became the 
guests of Hon. Samuel L. Powers, at his res- 
idence on Arlington Street. Refreshments 
were served, and, after fraternity songs and 
cheers, the carriages rolled away, returning 
to Boston by way of Brookline. 

Thursday evening witnessed the happy 
termination of the convention by a banquet 
at the Parker House. One hundred and fifty 
members were present to do justice to the 
delicious viands and applaud the brilliant 
wit of the post-prandial speakers. Hon. Geo. 
A. Marden officiated as toast-master, and 
presented the following toasts: "The Coun- 
cil," D. G. Downey, Wesleyan, '84; "Our 
Alumni Associations," Tracy C. Drake, 



Troy, '86 ; "J K E at The Bar (legal)," A. J. 
Jennings, Brown, '72; ''The Undergradu- 
ates," W. K. Post, Harvard, '90; "The Fra- 
ternity," J. H. Drummond, Colby, '47; "The 
future of A K £," Gen. Francis A.Walker, 
Amherst, '60. Other informal toasts were 
responded to by the members present and all 
were heartily received. 

Excellent music was rendered during the 
evening by Baldwin's Orchestra, and day- 
light was beginning to peep over the house- 
tops of Boston before the jolly gathering 
finally dispersed, full of enthusiasm for old 
A K E and the New England Alumni Asso- 


Bowdoin, 44; Boston Latin School, 0. 

The second game of foot-ball in which 
Bowdoin has ever participated, and the first 
ever witnessed in Brunswick, was played on 
the delta, November 2d, before a large audi- 
ence. The home eleven was victorious, 
easily defeating the Boston Latin Schools, 
44 to 0. 

The game was called at 2.45. The Boston 
boys had the ball, and forming a V, made 
their finest rush of the game, carrying the 
ball well down toward the Bowdoin goal ; 
but they soon lost the ball by failure to 
gain the required five yards. For Bowdoin, 
W. Hilton makes a magnificent rush, cover- 
ing fifteen yards before he goes down. 
Brooks, Downes, Carleton, and Kempton 
then force the ball ahead, when it is passed 
to E. Hilton, who, amidst great applause, 
makes the first touch-down of the game. 
Haskell kicks a goal. Score, 6 to 0. 

Boston Latin School has the ball in the 
25-yard line, and Quigley forges ahead ten 
yards, and on a kick by Mackie it is sent to 
the Bowdoin 25-yard line. The next touch- 
down was made by Haskell. One of thr 
Boston players secured the ball, out of 
bounds, and touched it within the limits 

before his side lined up. Haskell immedi- 
ately pounced on it, broke through the 
Boston Latin School's demoralized line, and 
running unmolested the length of the field, 
scored a touch-down. The try at a goal 
failed. Score, 10-0. 

Bowdoin secured one more touch-down 
and time was called. Score, 14-0. 

In the second half the Boston boys played 
with less spirit, while the Bowdoin men 
worked like beavers to pile up the score. 
During this half touch-downs were secured 
by E. Hilton, Brooks (2), Haskell, W. Hil- 
ton, and Carleton. On the last, Haskell 
kicked a goal, but on the others no attempts 
were made. Score, 44-0. 

The features of the game were the 
tackling of the Boston Latin Schools and 
the work of the Bowdoin rush line. Kemp- 
ton, who was slightly injured in the first 
half hour, was succeeded by Foss. The best 
individual playing was done by Mackie, 
Quigley, and Anthony for the Latin School, 
and Haskell, W. M. and E. Hilton, Brooks, 
and Carleton for Bowdoin. The teams were 
made up as follows : 

Boston Latin School — Rushers, Gould, 
Tower, Wilson, Whitney, Anthony, Butler, 
Waters ; quarter back, Quigley ; half backs, 
Hersey, Shea; full back, Mackie. 

Bowdoin — Rushers, Haskell, Hastings, 
Carleton, Freeman, Sears, Downes, Bartlett; 
quarter back, E. Hilton ; half backs, W. 
Hilton, Brooks ; full backs, Kempton, Foss. 

Bowdoin, 62 ; Bates, 0. 

Bowdoin met Bates on the delta, Satur- 
day afternoon, and defeated her in an inter- 
esting, though one-sided game, by a score of 
62 to 0. Although the heavens were any- 
thing but propitious and a thick mist fell 
throughout the early part of the game, over 
three hundred people assembled to see the 
first game of foot-ball ever played between 
two Maine college teams. Bates played a 



plucky game, but was unable to stand against 
the Bowdoin rush line. Excellent work was 
done by Emery, Garcelon, and Hoffman for 
Bates, and Packard, the Hilton brothers, and 
Foss for Bowdoin. Garcelon, a small, mus- 
cular fellow, distinguished himself by carry- 
ing Bowdoin's heaviest player several yards 
on his back. 

Play was called at 2.45, Bates having the 
kick-off and the westerly goal. Garcelon 
passed the ball to Emery, who, by a fine 
dash, made a gain of eight yards, but on the 
next rush, by superb work on the part of the 
Bowdoin rush line, Bates lost five yards. In 
the next rush Bates lost the ball on a fumble. 
From this time on, when the Bates boys had 
the ball, they almost invariably failed to make 
any considerable headway against Bowdoin's 
solid rush line. E. Hilton passed the ball to 
Packard, who made the finest rush of the 
game, carrying the ball to within a few feet 
of the Bates goal, and, after rushes by Dowries 
and Foss, Packard secured the first touch- 
down of the game. Three minutes later 
Packard made another, from which Andrews 
kicked a goal, and five minutes afterwards 
W. Hilton planted the ball behind the Bates 
goal, and again Andrews' eye did not fail 
him. Score, 16-0. 

Foss next scored a touch-down. No goal. 
E. Hilton secured the last in the first half, and 
the try at a goal was successful. Score, 26-0. 

In the second half Hoffman was substi- 
tuted for Garcelon, and Dutton for Pennell. 
On the kick-off, E. Hilton njade a fine dash 
of fifteen yards. Packard followed this up, 
and by a magnificent rush carried the ball 
behind the Bates goal in one and one-half 
minutes. After this, six touch-downs and 
three goals were secured for Bowdoin, making 
the score 62-0. The players : 

Bates — Cutts, Pennell, Dutton, Putnam, 
Bruce, Moulton, Plummer; quarter backs, 
Garcelon, Hoffman ; half backs, Woodman, 
Emery ; full back, Garland. 

Bowdoin — Freeman, Downes, C. H. Has- 
tings, H. H. Hastings, Bartlett, Foss, Sears; 
quarter back, E. Hilton ; half backs, W. M. 
Hilton, Packard; full back, Andrews. 


In ancient times some Spartans bold, 

I'll not repeat their names, 
Each gained at last a laurel wreath 

In the Olympic games. 
Each victor in some manly art, 

O valiant men were they ! 
Some young and fair with golden hair 

Some bearded, old and gray ; 
Some grizzly giants of pondrous weight 

With massive arms whose blows 
And coestus hard and innate skill 

Had conquered many foes. 
Some light and agile, swift of foot, 

Swifter by far were they 
Than the eagle in his airy flight 

Or the swallows in their play. 
And there were mighty wrestlers, too, 

Their like could not be found; 
No man would stand before their rush 

Or bring them to the ground. 
This group of mighty men one day 

Assembled one and all 
And made a new athletic game 

'Twas glorious old Fool-ball. 
And ever since all spirits bold 

When seeking sport or fame 
Have risked their bodies and their limbs 

In the ancients' grand old game. 
In Bowdoin's Halls there is a band 

Like Sparta's men of old, 
Of plucky, swift and sturdy lads, 

Athletic all and bold. 
On Saturday we played a game 

With a team from Lewiston, 
And glory rests upon our names 

Upon our brows the crown. 
But alas for human arrogance ! 

Though our eleven won 
I hobble round on wooden legs 

Or hop around on one. 

The idea of reducing the college course from 
four to three years, is being earnestly considered by 
the Faculty of Harvard. 




An Introduction to the Study of Shakespeare. By 
Hiram Corson, LL.D., Professor of English Litera- 
ture in the Cornell University. Boston. D. C. Heath 
& Co., 1889. 

Professor Corson describes this work, in the 
Preface, as " an attempt to indicate to the student 
some lines of Shakespearian study which may serve 
to introduce him to the study of the Plays as plays." 
It presents, in successive sections, the following- 
topics : Shakespeare's Contemporary Reputation, and 
Some Features of his Dramatic Art; the Shakes- 
peare-Bacon Controversy ; the Authenticity of the 
First Folio; the Chronology of the Plays; Shakes- 
peare's Verse ; Verse and Prose in Shakespeare's 
Plays ; the Latin and the Anglo-Saxon Elements of 
Shakespeare's English, etc. ; Notes and Commenta- 
ries on six of the Plays; Miscellaneous Notes; and 
Examination Questions. 

These are interesting subjects, and in the main 
they are well treated, with competent scholarship, 
good sense, and with occasional fervor. It is per- 
haps, open to question whether they are, in all re- 
spects, just the subjects that would best introduce 
one to the study of Shakespeare's plays ; but it is not 
necessary to press that question. They are, at all 
events, important topics, and topics which must be 
considered at some stage in Shakespearian study. If 
Professor Corson chooses to set them before us as an 
introduction to the study, we may defer to his judg- 
ment, and not grumble at our fare. 

In the section that treats of the Shakespeare- 
Bacon controversy, assuming that the topic is suffi- 
ciently in keeping with the aim of the book to be ad- 
mitted, a little space might profitably be occupied by 
a brief statement concerning the history of the contro- 
versy, and the lines upon which it has been con- 
ducted. Professor Corson is quite justified in the 
impatience he feels that the question should have 
been raised ; but if it is worth while, in a book of 
this character, to maintain, by argument, the authen- 
ticity of Shakespeare's work, it is equally in place 
to show the grounds upon which it has been disputed. 
The answer, however, which Professor Corson makes 
to the original and fundamental assumption of 
Shakespeare's inability, through lack of knowledge, 
to write these plays, is thoroughly good. It has the 
merit, moreover, of pointing out and emphasizing a 
characteristic of Shakespeare's work which it is well 
to keep in mind in studying the plays. Every ap- 
preciative student of Shakespeare will agree with 
Professor Corson that no other author exhibits such 

direct and intuitive perception of truth ; and that, 
certainly, is an endowment of genius, and not an 
acquisition from books. 

In the sections which treat of the chronology of 
the Plays, and of Shakespeare's verse, there is only 
a passing allusion to the labors of some members of 
the New Shakespeare Society in formulating and ap- 
plying various "verse tests" as a means of deter- 
mining the chronology. The rhyme lest is referred 
to and discussed, but no mention is made of the end- 
slopl and run-on test, the weak, light, and double end- 
ings, which figure so largely in Fleay's Manual. 
Nevertheless, the principle which is at the founda- 
tion of the several tests is recognized, and is made 
the basis of Professor Corson's distinction be- 
tween the recitative verse of Shakespeare's earlier 
work, and the spontaneous verse of his later plays. 

The distinction is an interesting one, and it is ad- 
mirably described and exemplified. 

Professor Corson thinks that our lack of biograph- 
ical details concerning Shakespeare, is a blessing 
rather than a misfortune. " Could we," he asks, 
" have possibly known more of the real man Shakes- 
peare than we know from his plays, even 

if he had written for us his own biography .... 
or even if he had had a Boswell to record his life as 
minutely as ' sleek wheedling James ' recorded Sam- 
uel Johnson's ? Could we, indeed, have known as 
much of the real man ? Would not a full record of 
the man's outer life, with all the shortcomings, dis- 
tortions, obliquities, and imperfections of judgment, 
and prejudices in one direction and another, which 
as a human production, would necessarily have 
marked it, even if it had been written by a personal 
and intimate friend, and that friend the best condi- 
tioned to appreciate him, have tended rather to ob- 
scure the real man, as he is breathed forth from the 
Plays and the Sonnets, than to reveal him more dis- 
tinctly?" To this last question, notwithstanding its 
rhetoric and, indeed, its plausibility, we feel com- 
pelled to answer, No ! Carlyle, from whom Professor 
Corson borrows the descriptive phrase, "sleek 
wheedling James," calls Boswell's picture of John- 
son " a full-length image of his Existence," " a more 
free, perfect, sunlit and spirit-speaking likeness than 
for many centuries had been drawn by man of man." 
Indeed, Professor Corson himself, in his remarks 
upon the authenticity of the First Folio, says that 
Ben Jonson's " character is to us as distinct as that 
of his great namesake of the 18th century." Now 
what is it that makes the character of the great 
namesake so distinct to us, except that a full-length 
image of his existence has been drawn for us by 
Boswell ? We do not question the value of the Plays 



as reflecting the personality of Shakespeare, but a 
more perfect, sunlit, spirit-speaking likeness of him, 
as drawn by a faithful biographer, would certainly 
help to harmonize men's opinions of him, which are 
hitherto somewhat discordant. 

The space at our command will not allow us to 
say all that might be said concerning the various ex- 
cellencies of this book. It contains much that is in- 
teresting and valuable ; much, also, that is striking 
and suggestive. It exhibits a wise and independent 
conservatism in the treatment of Shakespeare's text. 
The commentaries on the half-dozen selected Plays 
are at once acute and profound. The notes on diffi- 
cult passages and disputed readings are both learned 
and sensible. The tone of the book is confident 
without being offensively dogmatic. Altogether it 
is a book to be grateful for, and to be heartily com- 

The American Amateur Photographer; November; 
Vol. I., No. 5. Published by W. H. Burbank, Bruns- 
wick, Me. 

Each successive number of this attractive maga- 
zine has shown a growth in power and scope. It 
has already demonstrated its fitness to take a high 
place in the periodical literature of the subject. The 
present number contains several illustrated articles 
of a technical nature ; correspondence from different 
parts of the world; club news, etc. A pleasing 
feature is the frontispiece, a photogravure entitled 
"The Village Blacksmith." We can readily under- 
stand how, with its " excellent lighting, good group- 
ing, and richness of detail," the original photograph 
won a diploma at an exhibit. 


The State. Historical and Practical Politics. By 

Woodrow Wilson. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co.; 1889. 

The Object of Prof. Little's Zeal Approaching 

Realization— Recent Valuable Accessions — Dr. 

Green's Gift. 

Those who are unacquainted with the chaotic con- 
dition of the Library when Professor Little took 
charge of it in 1885, cannot fully appreciate the won- 
deriul transformation that he has succeeded in bring- 
ing about in it. At that time there was no system of 
cataloguing or arrangement. It was only by a happy 
chance that one found the book he wanted. He was 
as likely to find " Enoch Arden " among the Patent 
Office reports as anywhere else, or a volume of Jona- 
than Edwards' discourses wedged in between "The 
Code of Honor" and " How to Play Billiards." The 
magazines had not been bound for years. 

Few men could have been induced to undertake 
to straighten out such an agglomeration — a task 
involving no end of hard, disagreeable work. Yet 
Professor Little voluntarily assumed it, and the result 
is a monument to his untiring, disinterested labor. 
The demand of the growing Library for more room 
made it necessary to shelve and alcove the north 
wing, and he omitted his summer vacation to oversee 
it. The re-arrangement as now completed gives us 
one of the best working libraries in the country. 

Over 600 volumes have been added within the 
past two months. The latest accession, a gift of 173 
volumes of Classical and Philological literature, 
from Hon. Samuel A. Green of Boston, fills many 
important gaps in our collection.. Professor Lee has 
added 50 volumes to his departments of Biology, Bot- 
any, and Geology, and Professor Smith for his de- 
partment of History has obtained as many more. 
The literatures of the other sciences have been en- 
riched, notably that of Psychology. 

The most valuable purchase in the field of Biog- 
raphy was the first nineteen volumes of the Diction- 
ary of National Biography, an English publication 
of an immense range, as the nineteenth volume 
reaches only to " FOR." The nine volumes of 
American Literature contain choice samples of the 
style of every American writer of merit. The 
bound volumes I. and II. of "The Writer" are 
filled with most useful hints to young writers. 

To the already large collection of Shakespearian 
literature, there were added, during the vacation, 
48 volumes of the publications of the Shakespeare 
Society. The Century Company's " War Book," four 
volumes, easily takes the lead of the elegant publi- 
cations of the last few years. 

Among several valuable books recently presented 
to the library by Miss Caroline Coddington Thayer 
of Roxbury, Mass., was a complete set in four 
volumes of Thane's British Autography, a rare and 
interesting work of the last century. It consists of 
copper-plate portraits with fac similes of the auto- 
graphs of nearly three hundred royal and illustrious 
personages who have played a prominent part in 
English history. Of certain of the plates only one 
hundred impressions were issued and the writer 
knows of only one other complete set in this 
country. Its money value has greatly diminished 
since the publication of similar more extended 
works, but it may be of interest to note that a set 
was sold at auction in 1817 for one hundred and fifty 




The autumn leaves are fallen 

And scattered o'er the ground, 
And bleak winds round the campus fly 
With melancholy sound; 
Soon December chill will greet us, 

The drearest month we know, 
And the annual contribution 
Of poems (?) on "The Snow." 
Feather Y. Pate (shaving himself, to Downy 
Top, who is waiting for him in an adjoining room) 
— "I say, Toppy, old boy, I weally must get some- 
thing to put on my face when I shave." Downy Top 
— "I know something which I can conscientiously 
wecommend." Feather Y. Pate — " Do tell me what it 
is, old chappie." Downy Top (sarcastically) — 
" Whiskers." 

Bowdoin scored her first victory at foot-ball in 
the game with the Boston Latin School, the 2d. 

Bangs has returned to college after a threatened 
attack of fever. 

A few days ago a dignified Senior, hastening to the 
recitation room, tripped on he doesn't know what 
and sustained quite a severe sprain of his ankle. 
Fortunately there was a " boy there " to help him to 
his room and he is now with us once again. 
Dearth, '87, was in town recently. 
Professor Johnson is giving the Juniors a special 
course in German, the object being to train the ear 
to recognize German words by sound, and to acquire 
greater accuracy in pronunciation. No preparation 
is required. The Professor reads sketches from 
"Buchenus German Reader," first translating what 
he is to read, and the class grasp what they can of 
the story as it is read. The course is entirely op- 
tional, the class meeting every Wednesday at 1.30 


Excuses for chapel absences are now in order. A 
prize for the most original excuse. 

A bill, announcing a concert to take place in the 
Baptist vestry a few days ago, proclaimed to the 
world the fact that Bowdoin can boast a wonderful 
violin virtuoso. 

Several members of the Freshman class are 
taking a course in special mathematics under Prof. 
Moody. At present they are engaged on continued 
fractions, and later will take up surveying. 

A large crowd was at the depot to see the Boston 
Latin boys off after the foot-ball game, November 
2d. The various class and college yells were in- 
dulged in, together with a verse of the grand old 
hymn, to all of which the boys from the Hub re- 
sponded enthusiastically. Among other cheers from 
the defeated eleven were three vigorous ones for 
Brooks and Haskell, the Bowdoin twins (adopted). 

Professor Tripp's Historic Lectures did not prove 
such an attraction as many of the boys had expected. 
The morning after his slaughter of Napoleon a large 
number of seventy-five cent, tickets were offered at 
the purchaser's owi^price. 

The usually veracious Orient was guilty of sev- 
eral errors in the number for October 30th. In the 
first place Mr. Charles A. Byram, '88, who has re- 
cently been elected principal of the Bangor High 
School was accused of having taught the Freeport 
Grammar School for the last few years, when in re- 
ality he has occupied the position of- principal of the 
Bangor Grammar School since his graduation. 

Secondly in the report of the Tufts-Bowdoin foot- 
ball game the honor of winning the touch-down for 
Bowdoin was attributed to W. M. Hilton, when in 
reality it was the plucky run of Emerson Hilton 
which secured the four points for Bowdoin. We 
stand corrected. 

Prize speakers from '92 have been elected as fol- 
lows: Percy Bartlett, R. F. Bartlett, Bean, Durgin, 
Emery, Fobes, Lazelle, Linscott, J. D. Merryman, 
Pugsley, Rich, and Wilson. 

Following the example of her predecessor, '92 
has adopted a constitution for the government of 
class actions. 

The Juniors were taking their first morning's 
work in the chemical laboratory. The hour was de- 
voted to the discussion and illustration of chemical 
change. "Now" said the Prof. "a manifestation of 
heat, a violent action, a change of color, etc., would 
indicate chemical change. Mr. H., did you succeed 
in effecting a chemical change ? " " Yes, sir." "Ex- 
plain if you please, sir." " Well," replied the would- 
be chemist, "I mixed a little strong sulphuric acid 
with a cut on the end of my thumb and by the violent 
agitation of the end of the digit, and the bluish tinge 
which the air around assumed, I should judge that a 
very stable compound had been formed. He took a 
" strike." 




Said old Bill Jones, the gardener, 

To his neighbor, Mrs. Worth : 

" All things will grow, I surely know, 

"When planted in soft earth." 

Now Johnny Worth, the lady's son, 

In stature was quite brief, 
And this sad fact to him was cause 

Of lamentable grief. 

When he had heard this fact profound, 

An idea struck his mind, 
That he like other folks might be 

If he was so inclined. 

That day our hero vanished, 

The house contained him not; 
But a thorough search revealed him, 

In the midst of the garden plot. 

By the side of a royal pumpkin, 

His golden locks were seen, 
While the sun's fierce rays were warded off 

By the plant of the blithsome bean. 

His pedestals were beneath the sod, 
To the depth of a good three feet; 

His lower half could not be seen, 
And he was aught but neat. 

Although besmeared with kindred mud, 

His face with joy did glow 
As he cried, " Oh, Mother! I've planted 
myself ! 
Just wait and see me grow." 

Professor Smith has assigned topics for special 
study to the Juniors as follows : Alfred; Duustan; 
Saxon Methods of Administering Justice ; The Suc- 
cession to the English Crown on the Death of Edward 
the Confessor; Compare the Reign of Henry I. with 
that of Henry II. ; and The Third Crusade. Papers 
are to be prepared on any one of the above subjects, 
and must be handed in before the Thanksgiving 

Thursday, October 30th, Professor Robinson gave 
the Juniors an interesting account of the matters 
taken up by the Public Health Association, at their 
recent convention at Brooklyn. 

A Quartette and Banjo Club, composed of Messrs. 
Simpson, Turner, and Freeman, of Bowdoin, Dr. 
Harry Nickerson of Portland, and Mr. Monahan of 
Saco, furnished music for a recent exhibition at the 
North Whitelield High School. 

Professor Smith is conducting a large class in 
Bible study. The class meets Monday evenings. 

The first meeting of the Bowdoin Debating Club 
was held in Lower Memorial, Tuesday evening. The 
following question was ably discussed. " Resolved, 
That the attitude of the Democratic Parly toward the 

Pension Question is preferable to that of the Repub- 
lican Party." Affirmative — C B. Chandler, E. H. 
Newbegin. Negative — A. S. Ridley, J. P. Cilley, Jr. 

A few days ago a Freshman became weary of 
life. At least everything seems to point that way. 
Seeking a means of removing himself from the world 
with neatness and dispatch, he repaired to the gym- 
nasium. The long rope ladder caught the eye of the 
would-be corpse. He ascended round by round, and 
at last, by successful manipulation of the apparatus, 
found himself in the embrace of the grim destroyer. 
He was so twisted into the rope that the arm was 
brought directly across his breathing apparatus, ren- 
dering those generally indispensable organs useless. 
Unfortunately a Junior who was inspecting the 
building, saw the precarious situation of the '93 man 
and came to his assistance. After his release the 
Freshman declared that his peculiar antics on the 
rope ladder were accidental, but we shall keep a 
watchful eye on his gym evolutions in the future, 
just the same. 

Bates complained that the Bowdoins played too 
rough a game. Wouldn't this make some foot-ball 
players smile ? 

In point of fact the game Saturday was remark- 
ably free from "slugging," and was a gentlemanly 
game. Foot-ball is necessarily a game of roughness, 
but it is a good-natured roughness, and nobody who 
pretends to know the sport would ever think of 
complaining on that score. 

Sundry sights of smutty faces, 

Bending over cluttered desks; 
Sundry whiffs of salts and bases, . 

Miugled there o'er cluttered desks. 
Sundry gleams of cheeks distended, 

Purpling here and there with pain; 
Sundry glances hotly blended 

With the blow-pipe's pointed flame. 
Sundry muttered exclamations 

Mingling with the smoke arise; 
Sundry half-breathed profanations 

For the fumes in smarting eyes. 

Merrill, Harvard, '89, acted as referee, Saturday, 
and Fred Drew, Bowdoin, '91, umpired. The vic- 
tory was won by a "straight" Bowdoin team, Has- 
kell, the Bowdoin " coach," being merely a spectator. 

The last themes of the term are due November 
20th. Subjects are: Juniors — I. The West as a 
Field for College Graduates. II. Is the Sunday 
Newspaper a Necessity to our Civilization ? III. The 
Element of Weirdness in Hawthorne's Style. Soph- 
omores — I. Should the World's Fair be held at New 
York or Chicago? II. Newspaper abuse of Public 



Men. III. Ought Translations to be Used in the 
Study of the Classics ? 

The Hilton boys have retired from foot-ball. 

Steps are being taken to secure more complete 
drainage to some of the college buildings. 

The Freshmen have at last decided upon a class 
yell. The following will salute our ears at Thanks- 
giving : " Treis Kai, Enenakonta, Boomerang, Boom- 
erang, Bowdoin, 'Rah, 'Rah." This is a slight depart- 
ure from the regulation metre of the yells of the 
three upper classes. 

There is a prospect that Arthur Glarkson, brother 
of the famous Boston twirler, will coach the nine 
this winter. 

'32. — Rev. Dr. Cyrus A. 
Bartol has resigned his 
pastorate of the West Church in Bos- 
ton, where he has labored faithfully 
and successfully for fifty-two years. 

'41.— Ex-Governor Robie left home No- 
vember 2d, for a six weeks' tour in California and 
other Western States. 

'44. — II. G. Herrick, of Lawrence, Mass., was on 
Tuesday, November 5th, elected for the ninth time 
high sheriff of Essex County. 

'53. — Harper's Weekly states that there is a 
movement on foot in Chicago to make Chief-Justice 
Melville W. Fuller Democratic candidate for Presi- 
dent in 1892. 

'53. — Hon. T. R. Simonton is one of the candi- 
dates for Commissioner of Navigation. 

'06. — Russell D. Woodman has resigned his 
position in the Portland Custom House. 

'81. — Henry S. Payson, of Portland, was married 
in that city in October to Miss Margaret W. Milliken. 
The ceremony was performed at State Street 
Church by the pastor, Rev. Frank T. Bayley, in the 
presence of the relatives and friends of the bride and 
groom. R. C. Payson, '93, a brother of the groom 
officiated as best man. 

Ex-'81. — George H. Townsend, a young and prom- 
ising lawyer of Portland, died in that city October 
14th. Resolutions were drawn up by the Cumberland 
Bar in token of the respect and esteem in which Mr. 
Townsend was held by his professional associates. 

'83. — Joseph B. Reed has opened a law office at 
30 Exchange Street, Portland, Maine. 

'84. — J. A. Waterman, Jr., has settled in Bruns- 
wick for the practice of law. 


The Senior is dancing with infinite joy, 

The Junior doth flirt on the stoop, 
The Sophomore chats with a maiden so coy, 
But the Freshman is left in the soup. 

— Lampoon. 
A new boat-house is being built for the Harvard 
crew. It is the gift of M. G. W. Weld, of Boston, 
and will cost fully $20,000. 

An innocent Freshman asked the other day, what 
a " pony " was. He will know the full meaning of 
the word before he is four years older. — The Univer- 
sity News. 

Three members of the Sophomore class at Yale 
were recently brought before the Facult} - for hazing, 
but were released in compliance with a petition, 
signed by four hundred Sophomores and Freshmen. 
A plan is proposed for a school of music at Yale. 
The students of Yale are endeavoring to establish 
a sort of loan library, whereby the students who are 
poor may have an opportunity to procure the college 
text-books free of charge. — Amherst Student. 


3. W. R©M®, 




at low prices, semi to 

IV. IV. Ellis, Stationer, 


Artistic Work a Specialty. 












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Straight But I]o. 1 


Cigakbtte Smokers, who are willing to pay a little more 
than the price charged for the ordinary trade Cigarettes, will 
find THIS BRAND superior to all others. 

The Richmond Straight Cut No. 1 Cigarettes 

are made from the brightest, most delicately Havered and high- 
est cost Gold Leaf grown in Virginia. This is the Old and 
Original Brand of Straight Cut Cigarettes, and was brought 
out by us in the year 1875. 

BEWARE OF IMITATIONS, and observe that the firm name as 
below is on every package. 

ALLEN & GINTER, Manufacturers, 


Thurston's * Piano * House 



Is one of the old, long established, and successful business houses of Maine. We 

believe in Maine. We first drew our breath in this good old State, and hope to 

draw our last here also. We have no time to enlarge on this point, 

but if you, or your friends are about to purchase a Piano 

or an Organ, a Stool, or a Cover, come right here 

and buy. You can't do better; you might 

do worse. 


3 Free Street Block, 

dpo^tij-^^id, i^e. 


Vol. XIX. 


No. 10. 




George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. "W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained a t Llie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances sbould be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Eotered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 10,-Decembek 4, 1889. 

Her Charms (poem), 175 

Editorial Notes, 175 

Pedagogical Perplexities 178 

My Gentle Country Lass (poem) 179 

A Confessio Amantis, 179 

Past and Future (poem) 180 

Our Reading-Room Par Excellence 181 

Foot-Ball 182 

Book Reviews 183 

Collegii Tabula 185 

Personal 186 

College World, 186 


Oh the light that lies in a maiden's eyes 
As she meets the fond glance of her lover, 

Is brighter by far than the gleam of the star 
That shines in the darkness above her. 

And the fleeting flush of a maiden's blush, 

The bloom of the rose defying, 
O'er her countenance flies as the maiden sighs, 

Like the dream of a zephyr dying. 

And the power to beguile in a maiden's smile, 
And the sound of her voice so thrilling, 

Make a lover crave to become her slave, 
Her slightest behest fulfilling. 

But the tuneful clink of a maiden's chink, 
And the gleam of her gold so yellow, 

More than Cupid's dart will touch the heart 
Of the most unsusceptible fellow. 

— Yale Record. 

'Rah for old Bowdoin ! Score 
another point for the white ! Hon. Thomas 
B. Reed, of '60, has triumphed in the speak- 
ership contest, and brought another honor 
to the little eastern college of a little Eastern 
State. With Melville W. Fuller at the head 
of the Judiciary Department and Mr. Reed 
at the head of the Legislative Department, 
Bowdoin ought to be willing to let the rest 
of the country have a show at the Execu- 
tive. We do not believe in monopolies in a 
republican nation. The day of Longfellow, 
Hawthorne, Fessenden, and Pierce is giving 
way to the day of Fuller, Reed, Frye, and 
Smythe. Pretty vigorous dotage for an in- 
stitution which is "going on its past record," 
especially when viewed in the light of the 
fact that the number of students has in- 
creased sixty per cent, within the past five 
years. And yet, while, as an eminent for- 
eigner has said, men go about "like roaring 
lions seeking what they may endow," Bow- 
doin remains in financial straits ! Where are 
our wealthy alumni ? 

Base-ball is intensely American; it is the 
direct offspring of our newly-established 
national character. Cricket is essentially an 
English game, and its staid and highly 
respectable aspect appeals in the keenest 



manner to our slow-going ancestors across 
the Atlantic. Foot-ball differs from each, 
in that it is a game of the whole English- 
speaking race. It appeals to a funda- 
mental race characteristic — that force, fear- 
lessness, and physical courage which has 
always been predominant in Saxon nation- 
ality. Tennis is a game of all nations, 
involving neither the courage of the Saxon 
nor the cruelty of the Spaniard, but that 
force of will and application of adroitness 
and attention which is to be found in greater 
or less degree in all civilized races. 

Thus it is perfectly natural that the three 
of these great out-of-door sports which have 
taken root in the American college are base- 
ball, foot-ball, and tennis. Base-ball is our 
own property ; tennis and foot-ball have 
come across the sea and been adopted into 
congenial soil. Cricket has remained at home 
because it has no place with us. It may 
come some time, but at present it is confined 
to British-Americans, or to those anglo- 
maniacs who are as much out of place with 
us as the game they seek to introduce. When 
our taughtly-strung society shall have become 
toned down a little, cricket may come, but 
at present we are too rapid for it. 

Now all ye kind fathers, mothers, sweet- 
hearts, sisters, cousins, and aunts, who look 
aghast at the reports of our " brutal " college 
sports, and throw up your soft hands in holy 
horror if, perchance, your "own boy" sus- 
tains a sprained ankle or a black eye, lend us 
your cars! And you other fathers, fossil- 
Eathers, who preside over schools and colleges, 
and would restrict these manly sports on the 
part of your foster-children, give ear also! 
Tin sports which you decry are the direct 
outgrowth of social conditions. Sports there 
always have been and always will be; and 
the best sports have always been those which 
grow Up Logically and take linn hold of whole 
peoples, your hoy who will play foot-ball 
and bast-ball is only playing his natural part 

in the age in which he lives. If he don't do 
it, you can make up your mind there is 
something the matter with him. He either 
lacks courage, skill, or energy ; or he is a 
" crank." You may prohibit it, and if he 
has been brought up according to the most 
approved plan, he will obey. But you can 
make up your mind to one thing — that if he 
doesn't play foot-ball and base-ball, he will 
play something else. His surplus energy will 
find concrete expression somewhere, and, in 
the opinion of the Orient, it is a good deal 
better to have him get a black eye before an 
audience at foot-ball than to get a black 
heart at some other games which are not 
played before crowds. College sports are 
the great safety-valves of student life. So be 
chary of your mandates ! 

The lines are gradually loosening. News 
comes from across the water of the estab- 
lishment of Mansfield College at Oxford, 
England. It is for the training of " dissent- 
ing " clergymen. The day has not long 
passed when the intolerance of English 
conservatism would not recognize the intel- 
lectual, social, or religious equality of dis- 
senting clerical graduates. 

We think we are justified in asserting 
without an undue assumption that, with all 
the faults of our bustling civilization, we are 
considerably in advance of our transatlantic 
brothers in this respect, at least; that in this 
particular case it is an instance of the child 
leading the father. Religious equality in 
American colleges has been an established 
fact for several decades. Catholic, Prot- 
estant, Hebrew, and Infidel stand with equal 
respect upon the common ground of intel- 
lectual attainment. 

But as almost all American colleges have 
been and still are under the guardianship 
and fostering care of some particular denom- 
ination, and as social progress is always 
gradual, we should expect to find some linger- 



ing traces of the old intolerance even here. 
It does not retain its old form, however, but 
has merged into a system of delicate pros- 
elyting. We feel proud to confidently assert 
that in Bowdoin College there is not even a 
suspicion of this. The fault is most apparent 
in those small institutions, about the size of 
our own, where there is to be found a nar- 
rower creed and the intenser feelings which 
are its invariable accompaniment. 

There is nothing which so touches that 
sense of pride and independence which is 
dominant in the nature of every young man 
of alert and vigorous mind as any trace of de- 
nominational shading in what is advertised as 
a course of liberal instruction. Young men 
have an intuitive grasp on the spirit of the 
times and a predisposed hatred to anything 
which is at all averse to it. The establish- 
ment of Mansfield College is but one of the 
many indications of what that spirit is. It 
is so plain that he who runs may see it. 

It looks as though the Harvard Foot-Ball 
Association had taken a very unwise and 
undignified course in withdrawing from the 
league, and alleging as a cause of its with- 
drawal the ineligibility^ of Princeton's players 
and the unfairness of their modes of play. 
As a prominent Harvard graduate has said 
through the columns of a Boston daily, it 
looks as though there was a large element of 
soreness behind the whole action. 

Princeton, in reply to the charges of the 
employment of illegal players, publishes an 
explicit statement in the New York Herald 
of November 27th, which had been signed 
by the dean of the college, the registrar of 
the college, and the secretary of the com- 
mittee on out-of-door sports. It is, in sub- 
stance, that every member of the eleven is a 
regular member of the college, and that all 
but two are in the undergraduate depart- 
ment; that no one of them receives any 

pecuniary assistance from the institution ; 
and, finally, that no one receives pay for his 
services upon the team. 

As to the charge of unfair methods of 
play, it is the most childish pretext imagi- 
nable. As that same Harvard alumnus has 
said, as long as the Cambridge boys were 
winning, the men might " slug " to their 
hearts' content and receive only cheers there- 
for, but as soon as the tide of the game began 
to turn, the air was blue with denunciations. 
If Princeton had the better men, and if at 
the same time the umpire found no grounds 
for disqualification, why should the Harvard 
boys demur ? Public sentiment is against 
them, and about the only thing left for them 
to do is retract as gracefully as they may. 
A few more such somersaults by the most 
venerable institution in America will run 
college athletics into the ground. 

There is one subject which we have hesi- 
tated about giving a place in our columns. 
It is the treatment accorded certain female 
visitors upon the campus. It has forced itself 
upon us so many times and so forcibly, how- 
ever, that we will feel it our duty to make 
the mention. 

We do not question but the class who 
sometimes are seen meandering about the 
walks, and to whom the slight discourtesies 
and thoughtless jests are extended, have for- 
feited all claim upon our respect. Nor do 
we propose to play the part of a moralist by 
referring to the lowering of self-respect which 
such conduct entails. We know too much 
of college life not to appreciate the cynical 
smile which our truism would elicit. 

The point to be brought out is the prac- 
tical and un-fogy-like suggestion that there 
is danger of making a deplorable mistake. 
In fact, we understand that such things have 
happened before now. It is conceivable that 
the country sister whose orbs of unalloyed 



innocence would be a clear index of her 
character, but whose lack of Brunswick gloss 
might be somewhat misleading when seen 
from an adjacent walk, might some time be 
placed in an exceedingly painful and embar- 
rassing position by what was intended for a 
mere time-killing jest. 

A rush for the train, a long ride, a loving 
greeting, a turkey dinner, a call on old friends, 
another rush for the train, another ride, and 
Thanksgiving recess is over. It drifts into 
one's life like a gleam of sunshine. Nor is 
it all sentiment which we have said. These 
little breaks in the routine of college life are 
something of an educator. They take us 
from the one-sided life in which we live 
and give us a glimpse of the world as it is. 
They renew the affections of the home, and 
keep alive those homely joys which the' cold 
intellectuality of the college course tends to 
obscure. The home is the social unit. It is 
the fountain of all that is noble and true in 
this world, and, generally, in the next. In 
view of the arctic society of this beloved 
town, it is doubly important for our fullest 
development that these little excursions into 
real life be improved to their utmost. 

The cold and cheerless aspect of the 
Y. M. C. A. rooms at some of the recent 
meetings does not reflect very creditably 
upon the management. It is difficult enough 
to gain attendance even under the most 
favorable circumstances, without adding an}' 
such suicidal features as low mercury. 



It falls to the lot of many a college boy 
to teach the country school. Such a one, 
starting out some cold Monday morning in 
December, is undertaking a task that has its 
peculiar cares and responsibilities, and he 

should realize that the requisites for success 
in teaching the ungraded school are as fixed 
as in other more pretentious occupations. 

The advent of the "master" is looked 
forward to with much interest and curiosity 
throughout the entire district ; all the heads 
of families would like to board him ; the 
large girls sigh for something "fresh" at the 
parties and huskings ; the boys are ready to 
resent any intrusion upon their rights of 
conquest ; and the younger population are 
prepared to report every event which happens 
at school to the family ear at home. More- 
over, he must expect to be an encyclopedia, 
an unabridged dictionary, and a Peck's Cal- 
culus combined, since sundry obstruce ques- 
tions, gleaned from Farmer's Almanacs and 
like sources, will be put to him for solution. 

Thus, from beingin the college community 
where his personality is somewhat obscured, 
the student teacher moves in a circle where 
his every action is noticed and commented 

At the close of .the first day of school he 
comes to the conclusion, especially if the 
school be large, that he never was more tired 
in his life. He is confused with the thought 
of arranging about thirty-five recitations in 
such a manner that each pupil shall be em- 
ployed on a lesson that is to be recited imme- 
diately after its preparation ; that Mary can 
study this and that with Jane ; that Tommy 
can have his spelling come before recess and 
be dismissed ; that things may in some meas- 
ure correspond with the much quoted last 
teacher's methods, of which- he knows noth- 
ing. Besides, several things that have hap- 
pened during the day trouble him a little, if 
he has not taught before. Charlie Brown, 
in his play at recess, got hurt and went home. 
Mr. Brown promptly put in an appearance 
and gave him to understand, that, during 
intermission, it was the duty of the teacher 
to be in as many places at the same time as 
a dozen pairs of legs could carry as many 
sturdy boys, all going in different directions. 



Mrs. Cripps sent a note at noon saying that 
her Moses knew as much as Bessie Wood, 
and unless he could be in her class would 
leave school. 

This matter of parental interference is 
well illustrated by an event that occurred in 
the early educational history of Brunswick. 
A young teacher had the hardihood to en- 
large the curriculum of his school to the ex- 
tent of adding Grammar to the three R's. 
Boys never studied Grammar in those daj's, 
so his class consisted of a few large girls. 
While this class recited the remainder of the 
school suspended operations. With mouths 
wide open they listened to " I love, thou 
lovest, he loves, etc.," with now and then a 
correction on the part of the teacher, saying 
that he loved, too. Soon the scandal spread 
abroad that the new master did nothing but 
talk love to his large girls, and a speedy 
ejection was the result. 

But let us return to our young teacher. 
He finds the classification of the school to 
be wretched. The older pupils select some 
study that, as they say, will " do them some 
good," and consequently two or three are en- 
gaged in Book-keeping, History, Physiology, 
Algebra, etc. He has no objection to these 
studies, but no justice can be done to them 
in a school which is already a primary, inter- 
mediate, and grammar school combined. 
The younger ones aspire to an advancement 
far beyond their capacity, and have a horror 
of being " put back." 

I will not mention any difficulty he may 
find in maintaining good order. All schools 
have their giggling, snickering girls; their 
rebellious, sulky boys. The teacher must 
learn to recognize the sly I-am-studying air, 
as well as the different facial expressions 
indicating innocence and guilt. 

Suffice it to say that the student, who 
thought his only care had departed when he 
received his appointment, does not always 
find that to be the case. And he who main- 

tains a careless indifference toward the per- 
plexities mentioned above, will probably 
complete the term amid the general. opinion 
that the money has been wasted. To such 
is due the distinct prejudice that exists in 
some localities against student teachers. 

But the conscientious fellow, who has a 
care for the little things, will find in the 
country school plenty to tax his skill and 
ingenuity. Let him, while having due regard 
for the local customs and peculiarities, inde- 
pendently follow the dictates of his own 
judgment, and generally he will find his 
efforts appreciated, at least by those whose 
opinion he cares for most. 

She sat before the open fire, 

My gentle county lass. 
The wind was howling in the night, 

The frost had seamed the glass. 

The pitch-pine knots were crackling, boys, 

And they sent a ruddy glow 
O'er a homely scene of simple love, 

On that night of long ago. 

The old arm-chair was spacious, boys, 
And, the old folks gone to bed, 

She came and sat upon my knee ; 
But I won't tell what we said. 

The old clock banged full many a stroke, 
The pitch-pine knot burned low. 

I remember yet, with a glad, wild thrill, 
That night of long ago. 

I've grown away from scenes like those, - 

My boyhood days are past ; 
But I'll ne'er forget the hours I've spent 

With my gentle country lass. 



Among the most interesting of the relics 
possessed by a prominent member of 
the present Senior class in this college 
is the letter below published, which doubt- 
less fairly represents the type of confessions 



of the ordinary rural lover of the earlier 
ante-bellum clays. The letter, as printed, is 
a perfect copy of the wording, spelling, and 
punctuation of the- original, except that, as 
both the writer and recipient of the missive 
are still alive, able to read, and backed by a 
considerable legion of their own begetting, 
the editors have, out of policy, suppressed 
their names. 

The writing was done on the inside of a 
big sheet of the thin linen paper of those 
daj-s, which was folded, sealed with wax, and 
the outside used for the address. There 
was no stamp but the payment of postage 
was indicated by a " Paid 5 " scratched in 
ink near the address which was : 

Greate falls New harnpsier. 

The inside ran as follows : 

Bowdoin April the 1847 

1 take this opitunity to write a fewe lines to you 
to let you now that wee are all in good helth and i 
am in hopes that these few lines will find you the 
same. I am agoing to ask you one question that is 
to see if i can enjoy your eopiny for i should be very 
happy to. it hase bin a long time finaly ever sence i 
fust became aquinted with you. i thought if ever i 
marryd it must be to you. theirfour your answer to 
this will prove to my ever lasting happiness 
or to my ever lasting woo. could i have 
your affections how happy i should bee. i mis 
you very much i was alwas happy When iwas in 
your coppiny now mary you have chance to make me 
happy for life or make me greave i cannot say how 
long I have a nuf more to write but i will not write 
any more about this at presant Bleveme ever tru. 

Your foks are all wall thave not much news to 
write except Wm tubs has heird out fore (1 monts and 
James is agoing in the shipyard as soon as the river 
opens I was glad to hear you gut their safe but i am 
inhopes that you will take god care of your helth. 
Charles wyman has moved and mr berry has moved 
in the house that Charles left 

Write me answer as soon as you can maket con- 

And bleve me to be ever tru. excuse all miss- 
takes and my dredful poor writing as my pen is poor 
comply with my Wishes if you can from your 

senceir freind and lover 

It may be worth noting for the sake of 
showing that Cupid's vagrancy was quite as 
great then as now, and for the encourage- 
ment of lovers of the present time who are 
in straits similar to our hero's, that the 
wooer was rejected; and, though he speaks of 
" my everlasting woo " (woe), it is still cer- 
tain that not long after, he began paying 
court to another damsel who concluded dif- 
ferently when he "popped," being now his 
wife. His happiness seems to have been as 
great as that of the average of mankind, 
though the statement may appear incredible 
when we inform our readers that the 
" Mary " to whom the letter was written, a 
year or two later returned home, married 
another man and settled down as our hero's 
near neighbor. But this is not all. We may 
gain a faint idea of how amazingly compli- 
cated is the web of love, and how much 
stranger is truth than fiction, when we learn 
that the letter was found by the father of its 
present owner among the effects which he 
had purchased at auction of an old bachelor. 
This old bachelor had evidently at one time 
been a "flame " of Mary's and so far shared 
her confidence as to receive from her this 
letter of a former lover. And yet he had, in 
turn, become a rejected suitor ; and it is 
known that his somewhat early death seemed 
to have been caused by some great secret 
sorrow of which he spake not. 

As we have before intimated, both the 
parties immediately concerned in the letter 
are now living and the parents of two thrifty 
lines of progeny extending unto the grand- 


I sit and gaze upon the coals, 

My book half closed upon my knee ; 
And England's past for me unrolls, 

Unrolls, and shows itself to me. 

A past, how full of glorious deeds, 
Of love, of war, of joy, of woe ! 



A past wherein have sprung the seeds, 
That mighty lands have helped to sow. 

I see the stately kings and queens, 

The noble groups of dukes and earls, 

And, slowly floats before me, seenes 

That shine with gold or gleam with pearls ; 

And faces come and fade away, 

Of which the features melt and blend, 

And form themselves anew to stay, 
And smile as if upon a friend. 

How great, how glorious is the past, 
That throws its glamour o'er the land 

In which the lots of those were cast, 

Who once the sparks of freedom fanned ! 

And yet, though small our past appears, 
And quite devoid of lords and sirs, 

Our future may, in coming years, 
Be quite as long and great as her's. 


Among the articles contributed to the 
Orient by the "reform" element of the 
college was one in our last issue, wherein its 
author, under the heading of "A Curiosity," 
painfully assailed the appointments of the 
reading-room, and asserted that with slight 
outlay the present barrenness and inconven- 
ience of the place might be supplanted by 
order and elegance. He further argued that 
another Maine college possessed a reading- 
room more to his notion, and that Bowdoin, 
if she would maintain her claims to superi- 
ority, should in no respect allow herself to 
be surpassed by a sister institution ; adding 
that pleasant environment is an important 
aid to intellectual development. 

And first we would inquire, since the col- 
lege resources are already overtaxed, whence 
the means for this "slight outlay" is to 
come. The call may be insignificant, but the 
college administration is already perplexed 
with so many of these "slight" demands of 
more importance, that it has probably not 
yet seen its way to follow this fresh sug- 

gestion. If our "reformer" were to try rais- 
ing the funds by subscriptions among the 
boys, we believe he would meet rebuff, even 
from that body of generous and progressive 
spirits who follow around after the treasurers 
of the various sporting associations begging 
them to accept large contributions, the reason 
being that the present reading-room is in 
the best of keeping with its purpose, and 
satisfies all practical demands. 

The table, the special victim of our 
friend's anathemas, is the most convenient 
thing in the world. It is by means of this 
alone that we can make those fifteen-second 
nips between times count for something, for 
a man can rush in, hang one leg over its corner, 
seize a paper and get a skeleton idea of the 
whole Brazilian revolution, in time that, if 
the handsome room and stuffed furniture 
were in vogue as our "reformers" no doubt 
wish, he would be wasting in sitting down 
and realizing how comfortable he is. As 
for the big stationary desk proposed to take 
the table's place, we never want to see it. 
We have tried those desks and they are tort- 
ures. Suppose you have a fixed light, either 
way up out of sight, or square in your face, 
a paper fastened at a fixed angle to a fixed 
desk — the desk being such that a short man 
must stand on tip-toe and stretch his neck 
like a shanghai eating from a barrel, to see 
the print, and a tall man lean on it with all 
fours — and you have a correct idea of our 
friend's proposed improvement. There is no 
contrivance known, except dynamite, that 
will destroy good eyes so fast as this. The 
man's own suggestion defeats the idea of 
convenience and pleasant environment. 

The reading-room is a place to consult 
the newspapers. Its essential attractions are 
those papers, and any one interested is bound 
to get their benefit, whether they happen to 
be fastened by brass locks to black walnut 
desks in a handsome room, or whether he 
pulls them from a pile and sits on a pine 



table as he reads, dangling his legs where he 
listeth. The idea of a reading-room for a 
pack of boys like ours is not a conservatory 
of comfort, nor a loafing rendezvous. It is 
not the purpose of the college to make it a 
place more delicate and attractive than the 
average dormitory room, so that the youth 
of the campus may find it agreeable to con- 
gregate therein a large part of their time. If 
it were, the authorities might put in a 
smoke-house, billiard saloon, and beer-gar- 
den, and furnish it with thrones and other 
palatial appliances, whereon for the dukes 
of leisure to recline. It is easy to see that 
the immediate tendency of this, or anything 
approaching it, would be to make every man 
in college lazier than a '91 Junior. 

And then, in another way, do not the col- 
lege powers show their appreciation of the 
eternal fitness of things in maintaining the 
present order? Are not the reading-room 
equipments quite compatible with the usage 
they receive? Could the college afford to 
provide more expensive furniture to meet 
the periodic onslaught of Turkey Suppers, 
Hallowe'ens, and Spring Initiations, when 
the whole outfit is usually left stacked like 
rubbish, or perhaps, destroyed ? It may be 
answered that first-class furniture would ap- 
peal to the respect of the raider, and thus 
derive better treatment, but we have pretty 
conclusive proof from the last spring scrape 
and similar, happenings occurring from time 
to time, that neither sanctity nor goodness 
of any sort makes very powerful appeals to 
the mercy of the nocturnal fiend. The famed 
sagacity of the ancient Bowdoin manage- 
ment, enabling it to comprehend reasonings 
of this kind, perpetuated down the line to 
its successors of the present time, may be 
easily adduced as one great reason to explain 
the validity of Bowdoin's claim to superi- 
ority over all her kind in Maine. 

We believe that the Bowdoin reading- 
room is good as it is (though it would be 

well enough to have a few back numbers on 
file), and we furthermore feel assured that 
our cool-headed Faculty have not rasped 
their craniums to any extent in their anxiety 
to follow our friend's suggestion. 



Bowdoin, 18 ; Picked Eleven, 10. 
The college eleven went to Portland, 
November 16th, and defeated a picked 
eleven, made up of men from Harvard, Bos- 
ton University, Amherst, and Bowdoin. On 
the side of the winners the best work was 
done by Downes, Carleton, W. Hilton, aud 
Foss. The latter would doubtless have se- 
cured a touch-down in the first half, but for 
a foul tackle around the neck, which obliged 
him to retire from the game. For the losers 
Stacy and Brooks made the best showing. 
The teams lined up as follows: 




H. H. Hastings. 

P. T. Haskell. 

C. H. Hastings. 




Left End. 
Left Tackle. 
Left Guard. 


Right Guard. 

Eight Tackle. 

Right End. 

Quarter Backs. 

Half Backs. 


N. C. Haskell. 



J. M. Hastings. 




E. Hilton. Quarter Backs. Swett. 

Poss. / fT^, Ricks * Brooks. 

W. M. Hilton. ( HaIt mcks - / Stacy. 

Andrews. Full Backs. Newman. 

Spring. Substitutes. Royal. 

Referee, Merrill, Yale, '89. Umpire, F. Drew, Bowdoin, '91. 

Bowdoin, 24; West Boxbury, 0. 

Bowdoin scored her fourth consecutive 
victory, October 23d, by downing West 
Roxbury 24 to 0. The Roxburys are a fine 
team, and they were free to inform people 
that they had come clown to do Bowdoin up, 
but it seems that the3^ reckoned without 
their host. 

The game opened at 3 p.m., with the 
teams lined up as follows: 






C. H. Hastings 


H. H. Hastings 



E. Hilton. 

Packard. j 

W. Hilton, j 



Right End. 
Right Tackle. 
Right Guard. 


Left Guard. 

Left Tackle. 

Left End. 

Quarter Backs. 

Half Backs. 





Mauley . 







Full Backs. Waters. 

This game was simply a repetition of the 
Bates and Boston Latin School games. The 
visitors, finding that they could not make 
headway against their opponent's rush line, 
kicked the ball repeatedly; while Bowdoin 
would slowly work the ball toward Roxbury's 
goal and score. Stevens, of Roxbury, acted 
as umpire, and F. Drew as referee. 

The Thanksgiving rain prevented the 
Andover-Bowdoin game at Portland. It was 
the subject of some comment at the hotels, 
and would undoubtedly have been viewed 
by a large audience. We would like to have 
seen our boys engage something worthy of 
their "mettle." 


The State. Historical and Practical Politics. 

By Woodrow Wilson. Boston, D. 0." Heath & Co., 


Professor Woodrow Wilson, lately called to 
Princeton, to rill the vacancy caused by the death of 
Professor Johnston, is already well known by his 
work on " Congressional Government" in which he 
gives such a full and entertaining account of the 
actual working of Congress. His new venture is 
far more ambitious than his former one. In it he 
undertakes to give an analysis of the principal con- 
stitutional systems of government employed in the 
world from early times to the present day. The 
proportions observed in the work are as follows : 

About one hundred pages are given to Greece and 
Rome ; two hundred to France, Germany, Switzer- 
land, Austria-Hungary, and Sweden-Norway; two 
hundred to England and the United States, and one 
hundred to a summary and general study of govern- 

Aside from the clear and forcible style which one 
expects to find in anything from Professor Wilson's 
pen, the work has two conspicuous merits. First, it 
furnishes, in a single volume, an historical and com- 
parative study of constitutional governments. The 
histories of the countries selected have been sifted 
for governmental features, and these are collected 
and presented in a form suitable for separate study, 
or for comparison with each other. In carrying out this 
plan the author had the field to himself. No previous 
work in the English language has attempted to oc- 
cupy it since Freeman's great work on the " History 
of Federal Government from the Foundation of the 
Achaian League to the Disruption of the United 
States " came to an abrupt stop when our civil war 
ended in a manner so different from that which he 

The second great merit of this book is that it 
gives us a careful account of the leading govern- 
ments of Europe as they exist at the present day. In 
this, the central and most interesting portion of the 
book, the author has done for us a much-needed work 
which has been hitherto neglected. The govern- 
ments of Greece and Rome, of England and the 
United States, have often been written about, and can 
be separately studied in standard works which are 
easily accessible. But where can the American reader, 
without searching through periodicals of various 
kinds, going back more than twenty years, find even 
partially satisfactory accounts of the Third French 
Republic, of the new German Empire, and of the 
unique arrangements under which Austria and Hun- 
gary, or Sweden and Norway work together? This 
book furnishes the desired information. 

It was evidently not in the author's plan to de- 
scribe the constitutions of all modern states. No 
mention is made of Italy or Spain or the smaller 
European states whose governmental systems follow 
the parliamentary type, or of the South American 
Republics whose constitutions are such close copies 
of our own. But a few were selected either for their 
importance, or interest, or representative character. 
After describing these, as already mentioned, the 
book closes with a few chapters on the nature, func- 
tions, and objects of government. 

A few words from the author's preface will show 
what is expected of this work as a text-book. He 
says, " In hoping that the book will be acceptable to 
teachers at the present time, I have relied upon that 
interest in comparative politics which has been so 
much stimulated in the English-speaking world in 
very recent years. I have meant that it should be in 
time to enter the doors of instruction now in all di- 
rections being opened wider and wider in American 



colleges, to a thorough study of political science. I 
believe that our own institutions can be understood 
and appreciated only by those who know somewhat 
familiarly other systems of government and the main 
facts of general institutional history." 

The book was announced some time ago and has 
been eagerly looked for, and the present Senior class 
are to be congratulated on its appearance in time for 
their use. It will be introduced as an elective in our 
course during the present year. 


The New England Magazine for November is 
emphatically a New England number. Its frontis- 
piece is a beautiful picture of the "Old Wayside 
Inn," at Sudbury, which Longfellow's verse has made 
so famous ; and among the other illustrations that so 
generously fill the pages we are almost from first to 
last in a New England atmosphere. " An Old Con- 
necticut Town" is a charming article on Milford, 
Conn., which has just celebrated its two hundred 
and fiftieth birthday. A similar memorial article 
is devoted to the old Cape Cod towns of Sandwich 
and Yarmouth. Mr. Mead furnishes the article on 
the " Wayside Inn," paying tribute in it to the new 
history of Sudbury, by the publication of which that 
town has just celebrated its anniversary. The recent 
celebration of the old church at Q.uincy is re- 
membered in the publication of the address by 
Charles Francis Adams, and Mr. Cranch's tine poem. 
There is much about Clark University, including a 
bright notice in Mr. Hale's "Tarry at Home Trav- 
els." A strong and sensible article by Rev. J. H. 
Ward, on " The Revival of our Country Towns " is 
very appropriate in this number of the magazine, de- 
voted so largely to old New England towns. An 
article by Edwin A. Start, on "The Country News- 
papers," has special value in the same connection. 
Washington's visit to New England, in October, 
1779, is noticed by the re-publication of a curious ac- 
count of it in that year. Professor Hosmer's "Haunted 
Bell " is continued, and there are other stories and 
essays, and a short poem by H. Bernard Carpenter. 
The three articles, however, which will chiefly inter- 
est the great body of readers are those on " Francis 
Parkman," by George Willis Cooke, beautifully 
illustrated ; on " Edwin Arnold at Harvard," with a 
striking portrait, the first we remember to have seen 
of the author of The Light of Asia, who is as pop- 
ular and seems to feel himself almost as much at 
home in America as in England ; and on " The Bos- 
ton Symphony Orchestra," by Louis C. Elson, with 
portraits of the new conductor, Mr. Nikisch, of 
Gericke, and others. This is an article of exceptional 
interest to the musical world. 

The Harvard Monthly for November is full of 
interest. The article by Francis C. Lovvell on 
"Harvard and the Continental Universities" takes 
up the wholly variant attitudes of the Anglo-Ameri- 
can and the continental theory of higher education, 
as touching the moral training of the student. In 
this setting forth of the two systems, the superiority 
of our method over the laissez faire policy of the 
continental universities is apparent. In " A Pupil 
of Giotto," H. McCulloch, Jr., gives us a beautiful 
theory of the origin of the famous fresco in the lit- 
tle church at Arezzo. Mr. Carpenter furnishes an 
admirable rendering of the first and second acts of 
Henrik Ibsen's " Lady of the Sea." Among the other 
articles of interest are a short poem by J. R. Corbin, 
entitled " Reverence " ; a communication upon the re- 
duction of the course of study in colleges to three 
years ; and a sound editorial upon Yale's tricky con- 
duct in retaining four graduates for her foot-ball 
team. Harvard has taken the lead in doing away 
with that sort of thing and it is to be hoped that Yale 
will soon see the error of her way. 

Bug Jargal. By Victor Hugo; Edited by Professor 

James Boielle, B.A. (Univ. Gall.), Senior French Master 

in Dulwich College. Boston, D. C. Heath & Co., 1889. 

Messrs. Heath & Co. are to be congratulated on 

the excellent manner in which they are carrying out 

their purpose of presenting to students of French 

and German Literature the classical writings of those 

languages, in neat editions, at moderate prices. 

The present number of the series is especially 
interesting to those who are reading the great mas- 
ter of French Literature, Victor Hugo. "Bug Jar- 
gal," though written when Hugo was only sixteen 
years of age, and that, too, (for a wager) in a fort- 
night, displays, nevertheless, in a remarkable de- 
gree, that purity of style which characterizes the 
productions of his riper genius. After the body of 
the work follow some fifty pages of notes, in which 
Professor Boielle has handled difficulties of syn- 
tax and textual rendering, in an admirable manner. 
" Niel Klim's Wallfahrt in die Unterwelt," by 
Holberg, has also been added to the series. 

The students of Brown University are supporting 
a missionary in the Congo valley. 

Only seventy of the two hundred and fifty appli- 
cants passed the examination for Clark University. 
The standard for admission is said to be higher than 
that of Johns Hopkins. — Daily Crimson. 

A new telescope has just been completed by Alvin 
Clark & Sons for Harvard University. It is to be 
used for photographing the stars. 




Sweeter than ^Eolian breathings on the tense 
and trembling wire, 
Made by flower-burdened zephyrs from 
the perfume-reeking South; 
Sweeter than the heavenly harpings of the rapt angelic 
Is the music, endless music, of my ever-sounding 

How I love its giddy gurgle ! 

How I love its fluent flow ! 
How I love to wind my mouth up ! 
How I love to hear it go ! 

Sweeter than the bulbul singing hid in oriental eve — 

How it satisfies the hunger of my wide voracious ears ! 
I listen to its music and no longer disbelieve 

The Pythagorean fancy of the music of the spheres ! 
How I love its giddy gurgle ! 

How I love its fluent flow ! 
How I love to wind my mouth up ! 
How I love to hear it go ! 

Sweeter far than shawms and cymbals, harp, and psal- 
tery to me; 
Sweeter than the flow of water through sun-smitten 
lands of drouth; 
Sweeter than the sunrise music of Memnonian melody 
Is the tintinnabulation of my automati mouth ! 
How I love its giddy gurgle ! 
How I love its fluent flow ! 
How I love to wind my mouth up ! 
How I love to hear it go ! 

— Yankee Blade. 
The college eleven played a foot-ball game with 
the second eleven on the Portland base-ball grounds, 
Saturday, the 16th. Haskell, Amherst, '87, and 
Brooks, Harvard, '92, did good work for the second 
eleven. The score was 18 to 10 in favor of the 

Appearances seem to indicate that our Debating 
Club has come to stay. The second meeting was 
held November 26th, and the following subject was 
discussed : Resolved, That the Maine Prohibitory 
Law Should be Repealed. Aff.— R. Hunt, T. S. 
Spillane; Neg.— W. B. Mitchell, J. D. Merryman. 

The fair at the Unitarian vestry proved quite an 
attraction to the college boys. 

Mr. Fisher, pastor of the college church, will go 
South on a six-months' leave of absence for his 

Rev. Dr. Hill of Portland, ex-President of Har- 
vard College, delivered the last of the series of 
doctrinal lectures at Unitarian Church. 

The project of a Massachusetts trip for our foot- 
ball team has been abandoned. It was found that 
the expenses would far exceed the receipts, and 
under the present state of our exchequer it was not 
thought advisable to make much outlay. 

The Juniors have had another class picture taken 
since the last issue of the Orient. 

The " only genuine " Bohemian Glass-Blowers 
held forth to delighted (?) audiences at the Town 
Hall for an entire week. 

We regret to announce that the "young Prex" 
failed to get elected. He was buried beneath an 
avalanche of fourteen votes. It is needless to state 
that money flowed freely. In the future we would 
recommend that the Australian ballot system be 

The Freshmen have a foot-ball eleven in practice 
now, and expect to play the Westbrook Seminary 
soon. It is a very commendable step, as the forma- 
tion of class elevens will serve to keep up the 
interest in the game, and will develop players for 
the college eleven. 

The piano will not be placed in the gym until 
next term. 

Weeks, '90, has returned to college. 

The Sunday Herald is now taken regularly at 
the reading-room. 

A part of President Hyde's Sunday address might 
be construed into a free "ad" for the Brunswick 

Dyer and Burr, '91, are at home sick. 

The new catalogues are out, and show the follow- 
ing number of students: Seniors, 37; Juniors, 56; 
Sophomores, 40; Freshmen, 15; Specials, 6; Med- 
icals, 77; total, 261. 

The number of books added to the library, this 
term, has been unusually large. 

Hill, '89, was in Brunswick for a short time, 

Professor Chapman delivered a very interesting 
address before the Y. M. C. A. on the 17th. 

Quite a number of the students were attracted to 
Lewiston by Henry George's lecture on " The Single 



We do not feel that it is an unreasonable demand 
that the students are making in regard to lighting 
the gym. Under the present condition of affairs it 
is practically useless, for from four to six o'clock, 
the period when most of the students have time for 
exercise, it is in total darkness, save, perhaps, for 
the glimmer of some philanthropic individual's 
candle. Every student is charged upon his term bill 
$2.00 for the gym, and true American instinct prompts 
us to ask if we are getting our money's worth. 

Lee, '92, will teach at Phipsburg during the 

The Roxburys say that the Bowdoin rush line is 
the heaviest they have ever met. It averages more 
than the Harvards. 

Bragdon, ex-'91, spent Sunday at Bowdoin. 
Doherty and Thwing, '89, took in the foot-ball 
game with the Roxburys. 

Offensive partisanship is rife in North Appleton. 
It even went so far, recently, as to burn the caudal 
appendage of a magnificent rooster which had been 
displayed in honor of the late election. 

Two men were disabled on the Roxbury eleven 
during the game here — one by a sprained ankle, 
the other from an attack of colic, presumably caused 
by an unwonted dose of cold water. 

Austin, '87, stopped over in Brunswick for a short 

Erskine, '91, is to teach school at Solon for the 
remainder of the term. 

The town boys gave a dance on Thanksgiving 
night in the court-room. 

At last it has been about decided that Lyons, who 
was star-pitcher on the Syracuse nine, last year, 
will coach our ball nine this winter. He is 
highly recommended by Morrill of the Bostons, and 
is considered one of the most promising young 
pitchers in the country. If we can only get our 
pitchers into good working order, there is no per- 
ceptible reason why we should not make a good 
showing when the base-ball season opens. 

Home, '91, returns to the Pembroke High 

Hardy will take up his duties as a teacher at New 

Those from Bowdoin who attended the Theta 
Delta Chi Convention at Boston were Webb, Riley, 
W. O. Hersey, and Hodgdon. 

The failure of the "Gaiety "to appear was the 
occasion of some grief to the gallant youth on the 

We are glad to be able to state that the Hilton 
brothers will still continue to grace the foot-ball 
team, the interdict- from their governor having 
been removed. 

Professor Lee's absence was the cause of two 
adjourns and much rejoicing to the Biology division. 

John Boyle O'Reiley will lecture here on Decem- 
ber 10th. It is very seldom that we have an oppor- 
tunity to hear anything really good in the line of 
lectures, plays, etc., and this will be an excellent 
occasion for the students, as well as for the worthy 
denizens of Brunswick to see that we can appreciate 
a thing of real merit as well as the third-class theatri- 
cal performances with which we are compelled to 
regale ourselves. 

Some of the Juniors are reading "L'AbbeCon- 
stantine " as an honor course in French. 

It is rumored that Rev. E. C. Guild will deliver 
another course of lectures before the students this 
winter. We sincerely hope that this is founded on 
fact, as his lectures last winter were highly appre- 

Professor Ropes of the Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary addressed the Y. M. C. A. on Sunday, the 24th. 

A part of the elective work in French for next 
term will consist of private readings in Faguet's 
" Etudes sur le XIXe Siecle." 

The Juniors held a class meeting for the election 
of officers, but failed to arrive at any definite con- 

There will be a series of six assemblies held after 
the close of the dancing school. 

The next meeting of the Debating Club will be 
held December 17th. The subject for discussion is: 
Resolved, That the public money should not be appro- 
priated by the government for internal improvements. 

Affirmative— W. R. Hunt, 
O. C. Scales. 

Negative — H. C. Wingate, 
O. K. Newman. 

The unfortunate aspirants after literary fame are 
now reminded of their failings in a personal inter- 
view with the powers that be, instead of by letter, as 

Pendleton, '90, will teach at Hillside this winter, 
coming in on the train every night to attend to his 



'33. — Major Nathan Wes- 
ton, of Dorchester, Mass., 
died at his home in that city, Monday, 
November 11th. Major Weston came 
ram a distinguished Maiue family, his 
father having been chief-justice of the Su- 
preme Court for many years. Major Weston grad- 
uated from Bowdoin in 1833, and chose the law as a 
profession, which he practiced many years success- 
fully both in Maine and in Boston until he retired. 
In the Mexican War he served as paymaster under 
General Taylor. In early and middle life Major 
Weston filled "many responsible positions in the gift 
of the Democratic party in Maine. He was an uncle 
of Chief-Justice Fuller, of the United States Supreme 
Court, and a gentleman of high intellectual attain- 
ments and strict integrity. Major Weston leaves a 
widow and several sons. 

'58. — Solomon Bates Starbird, whose death at 
Denver, Col., September 29, 1889 has not been pre- 
viously reported in this column, was born in Fair- 
field, Maine, October 4, 1832. He began teaching at 
the early age of seventeen and defrayed in this way 
the expenses of his preparatory course which he 
took at the Somerset Academy. The four years fol- 
lowing his graduation from college, he spent in 
teaching, the first at the Cherryfield Academy, the 
last three in New York City. In September of 1862 
he enlisted in the 127th New York Volunteers, as 
a private, was commissioned second lieutenant in 
June, 18(34, and was mustered out in the fall of 1865 
as first lieutenant of the 55th Massachusetts Vol- 
unteers. In 1866 he married Miss Hannah E. Jud- 
kins, of Cornville, Me., who also served in the war 
as a regularly enlisted nurse, and again en- 
gaged in teaching at Tarrytown, N. Y., with 
David S. Rowe, class of 1838, at Claverack, N. Y., 
and at Newark Academy. He had meantime been 
engaged in the study of law and was admitted to the 
bar at Albany, N. Y., in May, 1868. In 1869 he 
removed to Plattsmouth, Neb., where he acted as 
topographical engineer for the Burlington & Missouri 
Railroad. He also practiced his profession here 
and for a time was principal of the high school. In 
1876 he removed to Colorado, and the remainder of 
his life was given to mining and mining interests, his 

home being at Canon City until May of the present 
year, when he went to Denver. He soon contracted 
typhoid fever which terminated after a prolonged 
illness in his death, September 29th. Mr. Starbird 
lived an honorable and useful life and leaves to his 
widow and two sons precious memories of kindness 
and faithfulness. 

'59. — Hon. George W. Merrill, recently United 
States Minister to the Sandwich Islands, made a 
brief visit to the college last week. Mr. Merrill 
now intends to pursue the practice of his profession 
in San Francisco. 

'84. — William Cothren has been elected a mem- 
ber of the American Society of Electrical Engineers. 
Mr. Cothren is with the Edison Electric Light Com- 
pany in New York. 

'85. — Eugene Thomas, who has been practicing 
law in Boston for several years, has settled in Fort 
Payne, Alabama. 

'87. — C. J. Goodwin, who has been studying at 
Johns Hopkins for the last two years, has been 
elected a member of the American Oriental Society. 

'87.— W. L. Gahan is in charge of the Y. M. C. A. 
Gymnasium at Chattanooga, Tenn. 

'87. — At a recent court of the Boston University 
Law School E. T. Little was one of the associate 
judges. E. B. Burpee was counsel for the plaintiff 
and R. W. Coding, '88, counsel for the defendant. 


It is quite complimentary to the Faculty of 
Bowdoin College that two of its members were 
invited to accompany the United States expedition 
to South Africa under charge of Professor Todd, of 
Amherst, to observe the eclipse of December 22d. 
Professor C. C. Hutchins was asked to assist in the 
astronomical work and Professor L. A. Lee, who 
served as chief naturalist successfully in the last 
scientific expedition to the Pacific, was requested to 
conduct deep-sea dredgings, while the main party 
was engaged inland. Both Professors felt unable to 
accept, on account of their college duties, the invi- 
tation to join what will doubtless be a pleasant as 
well as profitable expedition. 


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Vol. XIX. 


No. 11. 




George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
■George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. P. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00- 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended' 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 11.— December 18, 1889. 

Another Year (poem), 189 

Editorial Notes 189 

The Poems of Ossian, 193 

The Fountain (poem) 194 

Tom Beed as a College Boy, 195 

John Boyle O'Reilly at Brunswick, 196 

The Black Death (poem) 197 

Stolen Moments, 197 

"Those Sly Freshmen," 198 

Theta Delta Chi Convention 199 I 

Verse (poem) 200 

Collegii Tabula 200 

Personal 203 

College World 203 


Christmas again! Another year ! 
Its peace and trouble, hope and fear, 
Its joy and grief behind us lie — 
The era's wheel has rumbled by, 
Since last the Star of Bethlehem shone, 
Another harvest has been mown. 

To other ears the story old, 
Yet new forever, hath been told — 
1 The babe that in a manger lay," 
New lips have learned his name to say, 
Since last the Star of Bethlehem shone, 
Another harvest has been sown. 

We begin in the next issue a series of 
articles by a recent alumni. Their aim gener- 
ally will be to tell something of those pur- 
suits into which the newly-fledged graduate 
enters, their relative advantages, how a fel- 
low feels, and what he must do. We have 
the promise of an article from Daniel E. 
Owen, '89, now in Andover Theological 
Seminary, and feel safe in announcing one 
from the strong and racy pen of Bill Emery, 
'89, now with the Lowell Evening Citizen. 
We also hope to be able in our next issue to 
announce one from Geo. Files, '89, at Johns 
Hopkins University, and Earl Merrill, '89, 
now with the Edison Electric Light Com- 
pany, New York City. Mr. F. L. Staples, 
who was Managing Editor of the Oeient 
last year, will, undoubtedly, take pity and 
give us something on the legal profession. 
Those of us who are nearest graduation will 
here have a good chance to cast about us 
and see what particular form of obliquy is 
best adapted to our individual tastes. 

Professor Smith's course is now admirably 
arranged. In Junior year it consists of two 
terms of English History, studied according 
to the modern method of individual research 
and comparative reading, and one term of 
Myer's Mediaeval and Modern History. The 



Senior fall is given to the study of American 
History and American politics, the aim being 
to trace the growth of the political parties 
and the issues which have divided them 
down to the present day. During the re- 
mainder of the Senior year, two terms each 
are given to the study of Political Economy 
and Woodrow Wilson's new book on " The 

There is, in addition, a special course in 
Political Economy, limited to four or five, 
which consists in weekly essays on assigned 
topics. It is wholly a matter of personal 
research, and thus applies in its true form 
the ultra-modern system of higher education. 

Certainly, one ought to come out from a 
two years' course like this better prepared 
for intelligent citizenship. 

At the conclusion of an exchange note 
which certainly ought to be gratifying to the 
present Orient board, The Dartmouth makes 
the following criticism : " The prose articles 
are too heavy and dull for the taste to which 
they are supposed to cater." We admit 
the criticism, and would sujiplement it by a 
few hints to our contributors and readers, 
and also to the editorial board of one of our 
contemporaries to which we cannot but be- 
lieve the same would even more aptly apply, 
namely, the Bates Student. 

College journalism is progressive, as is 
the life it represents. It was not so very 
many years ago that Commencement parts 
and prize essays were largely given to dab- 
bling in those abstruse philosophical and 
religious questions which were hazy enough 
even to the instructors themselves. This 
has largely passed away, we may say wholly 
in the larger and more progressive institu- 
tions. But the progress has by no means 
been confined to any one phase of the college 
system; it has permeated its entire fabric, 
entering into college journalism with the rest. 

From this it follows thai Hie measure of 

a college journal's practicalness, the measure, 
in other words, in which it deals with the 
actual issues and events of its own and other 
institutions, is the measure of its standing 
in the college world. Every article that is 
published in the old essay line is a relic of 
another day. We would by no means deny 
that a good literary criticism or a good dis- 
cussion of any popular topic is admissible 
anywhere, but it is of the utmost importance 
that it be imbued with the true college spirit, 
and the extreme rarity of such productions 
is enough to debar them altogether from 
being incorporated into a general rule. 

We suspect, however, that The Dartmouth 
failed to take into account the fact that in 
the absence of a " Bowdoin Lit.," the Ori- 
ent is compelled to perform a double func- 
tion. Nevertheless, were it not for the fact 
that we have found from past experience 
that any too radical moye toward the aboli- 
tion of " heavy " articles invai'iably arouses 
the chronic kicker (a gentleman whom our 
Dartmouth friends have doubtless met), we 
would have made the change lono- aa'O. 

The following illustrates the absurd atti- 
tude taken by some writers on this ques- 
tion of college journalism. We find it in 
the College Rambler, clipped from the Uni- 
versity Mirror : " The college journal is too 
much confined to local and scholastic topics. 
This is error . . . the literary department of 
the college journal, and the editorial pages 
may properly be devoted to any popular 
subjects, and should be made interesting, in- 
structive, and readable, as any other journal." 
The writer also suggests that college papers 
should secure some eminent person to write 
a series of articles regularly for its columns. 

This entirely misconceives the function 
and resources of the college paper. There is 
an amusing inconsistency in such an article's 
appearing in a publication entitled " Mirror." 
True it is that it is the sole -function of the 


' 191 

college sheet to reflect college life, and we are 
of the opinion that if the latter paper were to 
follow the advice of the article it prints, it 
would not be the lively publication it is. 

The writer speaks of " popular subjects." 
What are popular subjects? They must be 
such as are treated in the great reviews of 
the country. Such being the case, it is man- 
ifestly absurd to suppose that any rational 
being is going to expend his time over the 
empty platitudes of the undergraduate, while 
the Forum and the North American Review 
are at hand. The average undergraduate 
article upon such topics is not worth reading. 
It cannot be, from the nature of things ; it 
lacks ripeness of thought and, above all, the 
weight of a known personality. So when 
the writer speaks of their being made " in- 
teresting, instructive, and readable as any 
other journal," he shows that he has had but 
little experience in looking over college man- 
uscript. His proposition, that an eminent 
writer be secured, is impracticable in the 
extreme. In the first place any, one who 
can write anything in those lines which is 
worth reading can find enough who will pay 
him for it, and, if the college paper secure 
his services, where is the money coming 
from? In the second place it would be to 
turn every college journal into a mongrel 
review, a department of literature that is 
already overcrowded. 

There is but one sphere for the college 
paper, and that is college life and college 
issues. " Cobbler, stick to thv last." 

The agitation of the question of reducing 
the college course from four to three years 
seems to us an unhealthy indication. The 
degree of A.B. means little enough now, to 
say nothing of the promiscuous granting of 
higher degrees, a custom which has called 
forth much foreign criticism. 

The question would naturally arise as to 
which end of the course the year will be 

taken from. Certainly not from the latter, 
for that would be to degrade the college into 
a high school. There are enough so-called 
colleges already. Again, even under the 
present system, it is impossible for a man to 
break the ice in all the seemingly essential 
fields which open up in the last two years. 

If not from the latter end, then from the 
former. That would mean building an in- 
verted pyramid. Even now grave doubts 
arise in the minds of prominent educators 
as to the adequacy of the Greek, Latin, and 
Mathematical foundation. From our own 
experience and observation we feel that it is 
certainly meagre enough. 

There could be but one result of such a 
move. It would induce superficialness. So 
far from believing that such a step will ever 
be taken, we are inclined to the opinion that 
any change must be in the opposite direction ; 
for as civilization advances the field of 
knowledge is broadened and the demands 
upon learning are increased ; while, at the 
same time, wealth and leisure, the prerequi- 
sites of all higher education, are becoming 
more and more. 

Sundry impressions of cold feet have 
been forcing upon us, of late, the advisability 
of expending some of the money taken at 
the annual Athletic Exhibition for carpeting 
the bath-room in the Gym. A cold floor has 
no affinity for a sole of fine sensibilities, 
which will doubtless explain the fact that 
Orient men are proverbially dilatory re- 
garding Gym work. This calls to mind a 
little incident of last year in which the last 
Managing Editor played a prominent part. 
It appears that that august gentleman was 
much annoyed at having his literary labors 
broken in upon by the hours for physical 
culture, and when the announcement of com- 
pulsory Gym came out he was in dire per- 
plexity. At about the same time, however, 
a new elective, Bible Study, was announced. 

192 ' 


Happy thought ! He would see which the 
Faculty of Bowdoin College considered of 
the most importance; the body or the soul. 
Acting on this impulse he forthwith repaired 
to the " powers that be," and made the prop- 
osition that if they would excuse him from 
Gym he would take Bible Study as an extra. 
The "powers" smiled serenely and decided 
in favor of the body. The Orient man 
came sadly back to his room, and, ever since 
Commencement has been trying to find out 
upon whom the joke fell, himself or the 

Senator Edmunds is promulgating an idea 
for the establishment of a national univer- 
sity at Washington. He suggests that, as 
the Catholics already have one university at 
that city, this should be Protestant. Any 
such move as the establishment, under the 
care of the government, of a denominational 
institution would be in direct opposition to 
American spirit, and never would meet the 
approbation of the leading thinkers of either 
of the great branches of religious faith. The 
Catholics will never be induced to abdicate 
their erroneous position upon the public 
school question by any such one-sided meas- 
ure as this. It appears Mr. Edmunds was 
antedated by about a century in his proposi- 
tion, by a no less personage than George 
Washington, who made bequests to the 
amount of $125,000, for a similar purpose. 
The endowment, through some mismanage- 
ment, has been lost sight of, but without 
doubt, if Mr. Edmunds introduces his bill 
into the Senate, the government will take 
some measures to look the matter up. 

The recent informal dance at Town 
Hall is reported as having been a very satis- 
factory event. The action of some of the 
Faculty and their wives in co-operating with 
the students for the introduction of a higher 
social status, cannot be too highly com- 

mended. The same may be said of a 
prominent Brunswick clergyman, who has 
so often showed his identification with stu- 
dent interests. Their presence imparts dig- 
nity and tone to the whole affair, and will 
doubtless tend to eliminate sentimentalism. 
The lack of normal relations between town 
and college society has kept more than one 
student away from the institution. If the 
people of the church on the hill would 
break their shells, and show half the open- 
heartedness toward the stranger-student 
that those of a little society down town do, 
the term " college church " would not be 
the misnomer it is. 

After our last issue, Ave received the fol- 
lowing from an alumnus. Perhaps there is 
no more effective way of making up for the 
incompleteness than by publishing the letter : 

Editor of Orient, Bowdoin College: 

Dear Sir, — I was both glad and sorry to see your 
spirited editorial on Tom Reed (our possible next 
President)— glad because you praised him, but sorry 
that on the glory roll you did not mention Everett, 
who is one of the prince of thinkers in these late 
days : Howard, one of the very great soldiers of the 
late war, in history it is safe to say; Kimball, 
known all over the civilized world for his life-saving 
work ; these if no more ! 

Yours Truly, 

We were especially favored in being able 
to meet — some of us personally — Mr. John 
Boyle O'Reilly, the greatest of Irish-Ameri- 
cans, and to listen to his eloquent lecture. 
The impromptu gem which he so gracefully 
dropped in chapel ought to be especially 
gratifying. His checkered career, of which 
we give in this issue the veriest outline, 
would almost carry one back to the days 
when romance was a reality. 

Amherst College received a silver medal 
for her exhibition at the Paris Exposition. 




Whatever opinions may be held as to the 
authenticity of Ossian's poems, there cer- 
tainly can be little dispute regarding their 
poetic beauty. Fragmentary, declamatory, 
and often bombastic, they nevertheless con- 
tain many fine passages. They are full of 
romance and of a wild, fitful melody. Ossian 
shows a marked appreciation of nature. He 
abounds in picturesque figures, and some of 
his descriptions are truly Homeric. Most of 
his illustrations are drawn from the natural 
forces at work around him. He speaks as 
a poet whose soul has been impressed and 
molded by the grandeur of the Scottish 
highlands. Earth, sea, and sky supply him 
with simile and metaphor. Listen as he 
sings of a beautiful woman : 

"If on the heath she moved, her breast was 
whiter than the down of Cana; if on the sea-beat 
shore, than the foam of the rolling ocean. Her eyes 
were two stars of light. Her face was heaven's bow 
in showers. Her dark hair flowed round it, like the 
streaming clouds. Thou wert the dweller of souls, 
white-handed Strinadona! " 

As naturally would happen in an early 
and half-barbaric age, Ossian's poems deal 
chiefly with war and with the chase. His 
verse is simple and vivid, and remarkably free 
from faults. The poems are neither blood- 
thirsty nor immoral. Even the most war- 
like strains show little of that ferocity which 
sometimes appears in the heroes of Homer. 
In spite of the petty feuds and injustices 
which they often describe, their tone is ele- 
vated and inspiring. Ossian is emphatically 
a poet of nature, and to this fact is due much 
of the lofty spirit of his writings. 

His apostrophe to the sun furnishes a 
good illustration of his style : 

"O thou that rollest above, round as the shield of 
my fathers ! Whence are thy beams, O sun ! thy 
everlasting light? Thou comest forth in thy awful 
beauty ; the stars hide themselves in the sky ; the 
moon, cold and pale, sinks in the western wave. 
But thou thyself movest alone : who can be a com- 

panion of thy course! The oaks of the mountains 
fall: the mountains themselves decay with years; 
the ocean shrinks and grows again : the moon her- 
self is lost in heaven ; but thou art forever the same ; 
rejoicing in the brightness of thy course. When the 
world is dark with tempests ; when the thunder rolls, 
and the lightning flies ; thou lookest in thy beauty 
from the clouds, and laughest at the storm." 

It is not fair to Ossian to compare him 
with modern poets whose works are com- 
posed in quiet and seclusion. To do so is 
like placing wild heather blossoms beside 
carefully-nurtured exotics. We should de- 
mand of the Celtic bard no more metaphys- 
ics than we do of Homer. We should only 
ask, " Do these songs have the ring of true 
poetry ? " A candid reader will acknowl- 
edge that they do. They are called bom- 
bastic ; and, to a certain degree, they are. 
A warlike bard singing to exultant victors 
would not be likely to prime his songs with 
fastidious precision. In his ringing lines 
there is more breezy freedom than in the 
carefully-finished productions of many a. 
modern poet. 

Picture to yourself a circle of warriors 
gathered on the dark hill-side around the 
fire of glowing oak, with its ruddy light 
flashing fitfully from their polished arms ; 
or the rude banquet in the long low hall 
lit by streaming torches and by the huge 
logs blazing on the hearth. Such were the 
scenes amidst which we may imagine that 
these songs were first heard. 

Ossian was a wild singer, and he sang to 
a wild age. The Celtic warriors who listened 
to him were half-civilized mountaineers, yet 
they had the hearts of men. Literary taste 
may vary with culture, but the human soul 
is the same forever, and only that which 
stirs it deserves the name of poetry. The 
fiery, impulsive Highlanders who rolled back 
from their native hills the tide of Roman 
conquest, were as truly susceptible to poetic 
influence as the refined dwellers of the Eter- 
nal City. As the foremost bard and expo- 



nent of the sentiments of this race, Ossian is 
worthy of a high rank among the early poets 
of the world. 


' Clear as this spring," the lover cried, 
' Pure in its love, is my heart, untried ; 
And from that fountain my love for thee 
Shall flow, like this brook, to eternity." 

From the moss-girt spring in the birches' shade. 
The stream gurgled out through the forest glade, 
And glided, sparkling with twist and turn, 
'Neath mossy logs and arches of fern. 

Two lovers stood close by the fountain's brink, 
And vowed that their love a constant link, 
Like brook and river, should ever be, 
Of their lives to the sea of eternity. 

The summers were gone like the morning's mist, 
The sunbeams the moss and the fern beds kissed, 
For the wood that o'erhung where the streamlet 

Had bowed its head to the will of man. 

The hills were stripped of their stalwart pride 

The ground was bare ; the fountain dried ; 

But e'en though the waters were drained from 

the sea, 
The lovers had loved to eternity. 



It was in the autumn of 1856 that Tom 
Reed came straggling up from the old 
Brunswick depot to matriculate as a Fresh- 
man of Bowdoin College. He was not what, 
according to modern nomenclature would be 
called a dude, nor would the Brunswick fair 
have singled him out from the verdant herd 
as a subject for conquest. He was a tall, 
slender, round-faced, brown-eyed stripling 
of seventeen, erect of posture, but awkward 
and overgrown — a very unpretentious being, 
but bearing the germ of genius. Nor would 
we have our readers infer that he was of un- 
couth manner or slouchy apparel. He only 

gave that impression of general too-muchness 
which is characteristic of all youth who grow 
fast and big. 

His chief characteristic as a Freshman 
was what we now call " brashness " ; or, to 
make the term more intelligible to the folks 
at home, he was not inclined to conform to 
the rigor of Sophomoric tyranny. In conse- 
quence he was subjected to all the popular 
indignities of the time, and we doubt not 
that if he had entered under the efficient 
discipline of the '91 regime he would have 
been among the first to encounter the annual 
"line storm." But as the "era of good- 
feeling " has arrived, we hold that as a for- 
bidden subject, and will proceed. 

The first indication of what was in the 
man occurred during his Sophomore year. 
It was on the occasion of a joint debate be- 
tween the old Athensean and Peucinian soci- 
eties. His speech was a revelation. In that 
hard, clear voice which, in these later days, 
the people of this nation have learned to 
know so well, he delivered an argument 
which at that stage of his development was 
masterly. It was his first essentially public 
speech. It was not impassioned or jerky, 
but was fine in diction and delivered in an 
even, well modulated tone which held the 
college in admiration not unmixed with sur- 
prise. From that time on he was recognized 
by all the classes as a fellow of superior 

As a scholar he always took high rank. 
One of his classmates, himself now eminent, 
writes of him thus: "In answer to your 
question about Mr. Reed, I should say he 
was always an excellent general scholar at 
school and at college. While I remember 
no sign of deficiency in the sciences and 
mathematics, the impression remains that he 
excelled more in languages, literature, and 
philosophy." In the latter study he was par- 
ticularly proficient, his recitations in Butler's 
i Analogies being something remarkable. The 



same classmate writes : " He was a man who 
made marked and rapid progress in growth 
and development during the period of his 
college course, of large resources, following 
his own tastes in reading, of original thought 
and expression, pursuing his own purpose in 
his own way, and bold and aspiring," — a clear, 
brief, and comprehensive characterization of 
a strong personality. At graduation he won 
an English Oration. 

He was not what, in college, is termed a 
" popular " man. He was too independent 
and self-willed for that; and, withal, he was 
somewhat impudent, in fact, decidedly so, 
and his tongue sometimes got him into 
scrapes, which, as some say, led to vigorous 
muscular application. He is spoken of as 
having been " combative, physically and 
mentally." But, while not popular in the 
strictly college sense of the word, which is 
sometimes, though not always, empty, he was 
nevertheless held in warm regard by his own 
set, those who knew him best; and he was 
by no means ww-popular with the rest of the 
college. He was " generally respected and 

Not '• fast," he was still " one of the 
boys." He was one of those fellows who can 
join a circle of friends of a Saturday night 
and while away the evening in a roaring 
good time; contributing his quota of stories, 
jokes, and repartee, with that drawling com- 
bination of sarcasm and wit which has 
showed itself so frequently in his public 
career. He had a keen sense of the ridicu- 
lous and none could be more companionable 
or more quickly raise a laugh. 

One of the oddest, and, albeit, the most 
characteristic features of his college course 
(for it was the very expression of dry 
humor), was his connection with an organ- 
ization which styled itself the Pentagon 
Club. It consisted, as its name signifies, of 
five members, of whom the other four were 
L. G. Downes (father of his own son 

" Crip "), W. D. Haley, W. Craig, W. D. 
Crowell. It was essentially a social society, 
but its chief, or, at least, its most obtrusive 
feature was its musical element. Each of 
the other four had a voice as soft and melo- 
dious as that of Mr. Reed, and like him, 
neither of them could sing a tune to save 
his life. It was the custom of these illus- 
trious .gentlemen to meet at stated times and 
sing the songs of the good. It goes without 
saying, that the strains were neither 
" Tuned to soft iEolian pipings," 
nor did they 

" Sit gently like the voice of Spring." 

He was not a " ladies' man." We have 
consulted all the social landmarks of the 
town, and in not one of them did there arise 
the tremulous nutter of waking recollec- 
tion at the mention of his name. That is 
conclusive. If he had any " best girls " they 
must have all been at the " Forest City." 
Whence there flashes upon us, like a faint 
gleam of hope, the startling fact that a man's 
future greatness does not depend on his pop- 
ularity in Brunswick society. Encourage- 
ment for the non-elect ! 

Hon. Thomas B. Reed is a man who 
brings honor to himself, his Alma Mater, his 
State, and his country. We trust that from 
these random patches, caught from the canvass 
of his college life and served up in the some- 
what flippant style that they are, the thought- 
ful student may yet glean a few lessons, 
namely : that he was, first, a diligent and 
faithful student ; secondly, a fellow who en- 
tered with the true spirit of youth into the 
molding social relations of college life ; and 
thirdly, that he was a man of strong inde- 

Mi'. S. M. Sayford of Boston has been arousing 
great religious interest at Princeton. Mr. Sayford is 
sent out by the students of Amherst for the purpose of 
awakening a more vigorous Christian life in college 





Mr. O'Reilly is of peculiar interest not 
only as a man of high culture and exceptional 
talents, but still more as the representative 
of one of the most conspicuous elements of 
American society. We have to thank his 
friendship for Captain Jordan for the opportu- 
nity of listening to his eloquent evening lect- 
ure. On the following morning he attended 
chapel and upon invitation spoke as follows: 

Gentlemen of the College, — I esteem it a great 
pleasure to be able to meet you this morning in a 
place hallowed as it is by so many fond and inspiring 
recollections. This college and campus are sacred 
ground. It was twenty years ago that I first became 
interested in Bowdoin College, when, at the invita- 
tion of my old friend, Captain Jordan, I attended a 
Commencement here. At that time I made the 
acquaintance of many Bowdoin graduates now con- 
spicuous in national and civil life, and became 
strongly attached to the old institution. 

Gentlemen, I both envy and congratulate you on 
the opportunities which you now enjoy of studying 
in a place that brought forth the greatest literary 
light of the nation — and that long list of men whose 
recollections follow like a train of glory. It is an 
inspiration. One cannot even be here without 
imbibing something of their spirit, just as men in 
Florence took on learning from very contact with 
a place that held such men as Savonarola and the 
Medici. So in Boston one cannot but esteem it a 
special favor to be able to meet upon the street such 
men as Whittier, Holmes, and Lowell — where all 
seem touched by a common glory. Gentlemen, I 
again congratulate you as students of an institution 
with such an unbroken and brilliant line of alumni. 
[Hearty cheers] . 

The following is a very brief and imper- 
fect sketch of his career : John Boyle 
O'Reilly was born at Dowth Castle, in Meath 
County, Ireland, on the 28th of June, 1844. 
From childhood he showed great proficiency 
as a writer. Having finished his education 
in the public schools, he obtained a position 
as apprentice on the Drof/heda Argus, and 
at the age of seventeen, went to England 

where he continued his journalistic work. 
One year later he enlisted as a trooper in the 
Tenth Hussars, otherwise known as the 
"Prince of Wales' Own." However, young 
O'Reilly had no idea of fighting long for his 
country's oppressor, and in the spring of 1866 
was arrested for high treason. In June of 
the same year he was sentenced to twenty 
years' imprisonment in Millbank prison, Lon- 
don, but in October, 1867, was transported 
to finish his sentence in the penal colonies 
of West Australia. 

After a short confinement at Fremanth 
on the Swan river, Mr. O'Reilly was removed 
to "the bush." His new quarters were much 
pleasanter than the two former had been. 
Although compelled to associate with crimi- 
nals he was allowed a little hut by himself, 
and was treated much better than the ma- 
jority of convicts. Most men would have 
made the best of these circumstances, and 
submitted. Not so with Mr. O'Reilly. He 
determined to have liberty or perish in the 
attempt to gain it. Accordingly, in the 
dead of night, he escaped and put to sea in 
a small row boat. He was picked up by the 
New Bedford whaling bark Gazelle, and 
after being on board of her for eight months, 
he Avas transferred to the Sapphire, and taken 
to Liverpool. It was at this place that he 
was introduced to Capt. F. C. Jordan of 
Brunswick, who brought him to Philadel- 
phia. The night before they arrived at 
their destination, Mr. O'Reilly took his pen 
just before retiring and scratched off these 
lines : 

To Capt. F. C. Jordan of the Bombay, with a 
sincere wish for his welfare and happiness, — This 
little piece, worthless as it is, is written with every 
feeling of gratitude and esteem. 

J. Boyle O'Reilly. 
Delaware Bay, Nov. 19, 186!>. 


Fair to look on, strong and graceful, but as strong as 

flexile steel — 
True and trusty is the Bombay, from her royals to 

her keel. 



Like a slave who loves his master, ever eager to 

Every task imposed, she answers to her brave com- 
mander's will. 

As a maiden trusts her lover, so she trusts, as if she 

That his wisdom was her safeguard, and his love 
her guardian, too. 

May the great waves never whelm you, may the 

howling squall pass o'er, 
And still leave you riding proudly, good, and trusty 

as before. 
May you bear your master always as through perils 

passed away ; 
And whatever sea you sail upon — God speed you, 

old Bombay. 

Arriving in Philadelphia he at once 
walked up to the United States Court, and 
in less than two hours after landing in this 
country, John Boyle O'Reilly was an Amer- 
ican citizen. He spent two days in Phila- 
delphia, a month in New York, and January 
1, 1867, he took up his abode in Boston 
where he has resided ever since. He soon 
got a position on the Boston Pilot, the paper 
of which he is to-day editor and part owner. 

Mr. O'Reilly first gained distinction by his 
racy magazine articles on Australian life. It 
was then that he first came prominently for- 
ward as a poet. It should be remembered 
that this was about the period at which 
Longfellow, Whittier, Bryant, Holmes, and 
Lowell were at their best. The outlook 
seemed anything but cheering to the young- 
writer. But step by step he arose to the 
proud position which he holds to-day, of one 
of America's leading poets. 

Mr. O'Reilly has written something over 
a hundred poems, many of which stand in 
the foremost ranks of American literature. 
Among his poems, those which particularly 
strike our fancy are : " The Statues in the 
Block," " From the Earth a Cry and Her 
Refrain," published in 1881, and " In Bohe- 
mia," " A Lost Friend," and " The City 
Streets," in 1886. His last work, " In Bo- 

hemia," is by far the best of his three books 
of poems. He also takes high rank as a 
prose writer. In 1879 he published his cele- 
brated novel " Moondyne," a tale of West 
Australian life. His " Ethics of Boxing 
and Manly Sport," it is safe to say, is the 
finest work of its kind ever written. 



'Twas at a masquerading ball 

That Harry sought his fair. 
How well he knew, e'en though disguised, 

His love with golden hair. 


They promenaded arm in arm ; 

His heart was beating fast. 
At length his courage came to him, 

He " popped" to her at last. 


She nestled closer as they walked, 
Her warm hand pressed his own; 

The tender glance of those black eyes 
Showed that the maid was won. 


The verdict of the coroner, 

When cause of death was asked: 

" This man expired in a fit 

When the nigger girl unmasked." 

There are times in one's life which I call 
stolen moments. They are times when the 
mind breaks out of the slackly-fenced lane 
of application, and capers about like a young 
colt, over bush, bramble, and meadows green, 
until from sheer exhaustion it returns to 
one's side, panting and subdued. 

There is a pensive quiet in the later 
evening in which the world seems doing 
penance for the clamor of the day. The 
rustle of my chum, gently thumbing the 
leaves of his book, the tireless humming of 
the fire, or the indistinct peal of laughter from 
an adjacent room are all the sounds I hear. 
I toast my feet before the grate and calmly 
give wa3 r to my thoughts. They fly like the 



wind, as aimless and as uncontrolled. I think 
of the many souls who stand before the loom, 
day after day, week after week, year after 
year, with no other hope or aspiration for 
the morrow, until the mind becomes shriveled 
and parched, and they themselves are little 
more than the machine which they direct — 
a decline of individuality, the latest inven- 
tion of the age. I think of the courts of kings 
and the castles of lords and barons — the men 
who say they have a right to rule. Right ! 
who gave them the right? Is the oxygen 
they breathe any purer, and do the laws of 
thought and self-development make a special 
dispensation in their behalf ? I think of the 
hot cheeks and sparkling eyes which fill a 
thousand ball-rooms to-night. I think of the 
camp and the field. I think of the myriad 
homes of earth, those social units about 
which, glowing with love or squalid with 
crime, clings the future of the race. I think 
of other colleges and other students, and, 
finally, my thoughts come back home like a 
wayward child. What is all this? Some 
call it humanity ; some call it society. But 
whither does it tend ? England's laureate 
doubts not " that through the ages one in- 
creasing purpose runs." But I would thank 
him a thousand times if he would tell me just 
what that " purpose " is, in terms so specific 
that I could find my place therein. Am I 
sure that I know what progress is ? Am I sure 
that I shall not struggle blindly on for a life- 
time only to find out at the end that all my 
work has been one of retardation and failure? 
But these impalpable visions are like the 
plan without the builders. Come back, my 
prodigal fancy, and lend to this dry book 
your charm ! Your stolen moment has fled. 

Did you never come on the campus, up 
the main walk, of a bright, moonlit evening, 
and mark the sombre beauty of the scene? 
It is a fitting beauty ; an intellectual beauty. 
It takes the mind back to earlier days, when 

the nation's great paced those halls and well- 
known walks. It is a beauty that is fruitful 
of suggestions ; suggestions of the past and 
suggestions of the future. Will we come 
back in thirty or forty years and find the 
same old building standing there ; the same 
old room and the notch in the window-sill. 
Where then will be those strong men who 
now are leading us ? Will they still be here, 
leading a serene and fruitful old age ; or will 
they be slumbering in yonder church-yard, 
while their names are cherished in fond mem- 
ory like the Cleavelands, the Smythes and 
the Packards of days gone by ? 



Those sly Freshman ! They were so determined 
not to be hazed at their first class meeting. They 
took every precaution — perhaps they had need to — 
and successfully excluded the smooth-tongued Soph- 
omore ambassadors who in vain protested that their 
intentions were peaceful. Alas! of what avail was 
it? Too late they learned that "J2 was establishing a 
precedent and had for once spoken the truth. How- 
ever, the news was broken to them gently by ingen- 
ious '92 and an enormous bunch of snowy chrysan- 
themums restored peace and amicability — amicabil- 
ity that is the sign and symbol of the good feeling 
which, throughout all time, is to be felt between Wel- 
lesley Sophomore and Freshman classes. It might 
also be added that the Sophomore president has 
gained a new title in honor of the great event. It is 
president of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Freshman. — Wellesley Prelude. 

Yes, "sly," O-o-ough ! What an ex- 
quisite choice of a word ! It is so easy to see 
the little Freshman girllings, " sly " as white 
mice, seeking to avoid the palavery Sopho- 
more. " They took every precaution," not 
to be hazed — and how the little expletives 
must have flew ! Ah, for just one chance at 
that dainty pout to change it to a dimple ! 
And then when they thought all was well, 
how they pressed their hands and blinked 
and purred and rubbed against one another 
like well-disposed pussies in ecstacies with a 



table leg ! But after all, blood, or at least 
tears, — ough, how sacrilegious ! — must flow, 
for those " smooth-tongued Sophomore am- 
bassadors " had to interfere. " Smooth- 
tongued " ! and whose general smoothness 
would no doubt exhilarate the Northman 
like the smoothness of the smooth old me- 
diaeval wines — make him drunk with smooth- 
fulness, as the modern novelist would say. 

But too late the poor deluded Freshmen 
were gently informed by "ingenious '92" 
that they must not be too exclusive, must 
conform to the wisdom of their elders and 
accept with docility their unselfish presence 
and generous, broad-gauge suggestions. How 
naturally and admirably was amicability for- 
ever thus established between the Wellesley 
lower classes! What stronger evidence of 
the power of the milk of human kindness 
could be adduced? Such wild hazing, but 
then, so gentle! Lots of chrysanthemums! 
pure, snowy chrysanthemums, like maidens' 
love, — so conciliatory ! Internally this was 
perfectly delightful, and to give it all a 
finished public dignity the Sophomore presi- 
dent has a new title. It is the President of 
the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 

What great, wicked times they must have 
had before the reconciliation ! 

(Fan us gently, please.) 


The Forty-Third Annual Convention of 
Theta Delta Chi met at Young's Hotel, Bos- 
ton, November 20-21 inclusive. The con- 
vention was composed of three delegates, 
one graduate, and two undergraduates from 
each charge acting with the officers of the 
Grand Lodge. Among other business a new 
constitution was adopted and a new charge 
established at Michigan University, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

During the convention the chair intro- 

duced Rev. J. F. Albion, Rev. George Ben- 
edict, Gen. H. G. Thomas of the United 
States Army, Bowdoin, '58 ; Hon. Augustus 
R. Miller, Speaker of the Rhode Island 
House of Representatives, and many younger 
graduates, all of whom were warmly 

At the closing session the following 
officers were chosen : President of Grand 
Lodge, A. L. Bartlett, Lambda; Secretary, 
Frederic Carter, Epsilon ; Treasurer, J. C. 
Hallock, Delta. Editor of Song-Book, 
J. B. Benton ; editor of Catalogue, O. S. 
Davis ; editor of the " Shield," Clay U. 

The convention was brought to a close by 
the usual banquet. Eighty-one Theta Delts, 
representing the colleges and universities 
of the Middle and Eastern States were 

Zeta charge presented the programme for 
i the evening. 

The orator was Gen. A. G. Thomas, 
Bowdoin, '58. His subject was " Reminis- 
cences of College Days," and many were the 
interesting stories he told of student life at 
" Old Bowdoin " way back in the fifties. 
Mr. O. S. Davis read a poem, entitled "The 
American Ideal." 

Mr. Clay U. Holmes acted as toast- 
master and the following toasts were re- 
sponded to : President Bartlett for the 
Grand Lodge; Seth B. Smith for the legal 
profession ; O. S. Davis for the school-mas- 
ter; Frederic Carter answered the chemical 
toast; C. W. Weber did honor to "The 
Ladies " ; A. L. Coville to " Our Future " 
and M. L. Kimball to " Our Absent Ones." 

At Yale the average age of the Freshman class is 
eighteen years and one month ; the average weight 
is 130 pounds. The oldest man is thirty years and 
eight months, the youngest fifteen years and ten 
months. The heaviest man weighs 242 pounds, and 
is anchor on the Freshman Tug-of-War Team. 




The Buccaneers 

Who sailed the Spanish Main 

In years gone by 

Were wont to be profane. 

They reveled, sung, and shouted, 

Ate and drank. 

For death and danger 

Didn't give a . 

They the captain, 

And he the crew ; 

If we had been there 
They'd have us too. 

They the weather, 

each rope and sail ; 

They " their eyes," 

But it was no avail. 

Their life was lawless ; 
Yes, 'twas very rank ; 
Their future may be 
One eternal . 

She is pretty, she is charming, with her 

airy ways and graces, 
And her smile, so arch and winning, 'tis a 
privilege to see. 
Yet it nils my soul with madness, for this sweetest of all 

Seems to smile on countless others just as archly as on me. 

And her dancing is perfection; scarce her form, in airy 

Deigns to touch, but seems to float across the smoothly- 

polished floor. 
While I think, with sad dejection, of the aspect of devotion 
That the rapt face of her partner, as they glided past me, 


Yet the supreme satisfaction of some rival coolly slighted, 
And from heaven earthward banished, without pity, oft is 

For her smile, alas! 'tis fleeting; and sometimes her eyes 

are lighted 
By a gleam of independence, that her suitors can't define. 

In our report of the last debate we placed Mr. 
R. H. Hunt as first on the affirmative and Mr. T. C. 
Spillane as second. The order should be reversed. 

A recent edition of the Olobe stated that Toby 
Lyons is coaching the Bowdoin base-ball nine. The 
Olobe is a little premature. Toby will strike the 
campus about January 18th. 

The question of a training table for the base-ball 
candidates is being quite strongly agitated. It is a 
good move and should be carried out by all means. 

Cummings, '90, has returned from his peda- 
gogical duties at West Woolwich. 

Webb, '90, takes charge of the Brunswick depart- 
ment of Bath's new newspaper, the Enterprise. 

Irate Gym Instructor (inspecting Senior squad, as 
he spies a man clad in the garb of the peaceful citi- 
zen) — "Mr. S., why don't you dress for exercise 
before presenting yourself upon the floor ? " Culprit 
(guiltily) — "I haven't the time, sir." Instructor — 
" Haven't the time, man! what would you do if you 
belonged to a fire company ? " Culprit (meekly) — 
" Resign, sir." 

Bean, Erskine, Gateley, Guerney, W. O. Hersey, 
Lambert, Lee, Noyes, Stacy, '92, Stacy, '93, and Stan- 
ley have joined the ranks of Maine pedagogues. 

Hand-ball is becoming quite a popular game at 
Bowdoin. The nine practice it as a regular exercise, 
and those who have tried it pronounce it a great 
promoter of the muscular. 

The Bowdoin Quartette sang in Augusta, Friday, 
the 20th ult. 

Prof. Chapman to Sophomores, in Rhetoric, "No 
bouquets, please." 

A good story has just leaked out in connection 
with one of the Seniors who, with several other stu- 
dents, attended a dance at West AVoolwich some time 
ago. The boys had purchased return tickets, and with 
these carefully tucked away in their respective vest 
pockets they were soon skimming merrily over the 
floor in the mazes of the waltz, or losing themselves 
and their partners in the intricacies of the quadrille. 
During a lull in the music one of the party, becoming 
restless, thrust his hand into his vest pocket and feel- 
ing therein a piece of pasteboard, abstractedly pulled 
it out and proceeded to tear it up into several hun- 
dred minute fragments. All too late he discovered 
that the piece of card which he had so recklessly 
destroyed was nothing less than his return railroad 
ticket. Fortunately, there was enough money in the 
party to bring the absent-minded man safely home, 



and now one of his friends takes charge of his ticket 
when he has occasion to travel. 

Five of the Seniors, Chandler, Dennett, Hunt, Rid- 
ley, and Spillane will take a special course of Politi- 
cal Economy with Professor Smith next term. 

The Orient some time ago published an alleged 
Freshman yell. It was published in good faith. 
The yell was whispered in the ear of the Orient man 
by a prominent member of '93. The yell was bogus. 
Thanksgiving gave to the world the following bit of 
originality : 

Zoo ki rah da kee ! Zoo ki rah da ke'e ! 
Ziio ki rah ! Zoo ki rah ! Bowdoin, '93 ! ! ! 
Good ! 

We feel it our sacred duty to insert, without the 
knowledge of our '91 editor, that when the times [ 
become so degenerate that a Freshman can stick a 
bogus class-yell into a Junior, we shall be under the 
painful necessity of calling a meeting of the Orient 
board and putting in a new man. The dignity of 
the publication must be maintained. Ah, there, 
Tom ! Did we hear any one mention cigars ? 

Prof. Pease presided over the Sophomore exami- 
nation in private reading from the writings of ' 
Juvenal, Friday, December 6th. Universal ten strike. ' 

Bean and Wilson have resigned from the list of 
prize speakers. Their places will be taken by Mc- 
Intyre and Glimmer. 

It is thought that the majority of the Seniors will 
take Professor Smith's new special elective, "The i 
State," next term. 

The fog-bell at the mouth of the Kennebec river 
can be plainly heard in Brunswick on some of these 
clear, cold mornings, although the sound has to 
travel a distance of more than twenty miles. 

The Glee Club managers are contemplating in- 
creasing the club this year by the addition of four new 

Who can explain why : 

All the boys begin to sing when the director of 
the Glee Club appears? 

The man who anticipates a "condition" wishes his 
term bill sent to himself instead of to pater? 

Carrying a ton of coal up three flights of stairs 
cannot be substituted for an afternoon's work in the 


The student's account book (generally) indicates 
such vast consumption of kerosene and postage 
stamps ? 

We have hot water in the gym ? 

It is impossible to take a strike in French ? Et 

President Hyde occupied the pulpit of the Con- 
gregational church Sunday, December 8th, speaking 
from the text, "Judge not, that ye be not judged." 
Students who were "out of town," or "attended 
church elsewhere," missed a rare treat. 

The lecture on " Eminent Irishmen of the Present 
Century," delivered by John Boyle O'Reilly in the 
Court Room, December 10, proved quite an attraction 
to the students, and many availed themselves of the 
opportunity of listening to the famous Irish orator. 
Wednesday morning Mr. O'Reilly addressed the 
students in chapel, alluding briefly to the many and 
illustrious men, especially men eminent in literature 
who have gone forth from the halls of Bowdoin. 

Stanley, '93, of Glee-Club fame, is evidently 
something of a philosopher, as the following brief 
extract from a lecture attributed to him and published 
in the current number of the Academy Bell, Frye- 
burg Academy, would seem to indicate. President 
Hyde will undoubtedly find it of peculiar interest : 

Scholars: The cosmical changes continually occurring, 
manifest a concatenation of causes for the multiferous 
forms that present themselves for meditation and study. 
Cosmological philosophy demonstrates that force is per- 
sistent and hence is indestructible, therefore this inde- 
structibility is grounded upon the absolute. To prove 
this to your entire satisfaction, it is only necessary for me 
to quote the following simple formula: " The absolutoid 
and the abstractoid elementisms of being, echo or reap- 
pear by analogy within the concretoid elaborismus." I 
reject the theory of the eternity of matter, as well as the 
hypothesis of an infinite series, and contend that matter 
in its primoidal condition is but a term in a system of 
causations ; that after illimitable duration passed through 
changes of manifold particularities which have ultimated 
in an endless multiplicity of forms, that have produced 
the present complicated condition of tilings. 

Taken from a Senior's note-book, evidently a 
portion of his notes from a lecture on the " Canter- 
bury Tales " : 

" Big dash out London — one grand booze — when 
Knight done, Miller drunk, told story — smutty yarns 
and ' Widder Cliquot' — No satire." 

A course of assemblies are among the possibili- 
ties of the winter term . 

The late Jefferson Davis was made an LL.D. at 
Bowdoin Commencement of 1858. President Hyde 
in a few well-chosen words referred to the illustrious 
confederate leader in chapel on the morning follow- 
ing his decease. 

The ever genial Sam Jackson entertained about 
twenty of his student friends at drive whist a few 
evenings ago. When time was called the tasty score 



cards indicated that '91 was at the top of the heap — 
also at the bottom. Packard headed the list with 
John Hastings a close second, while Thompson's re- 
markably poor playing entitled him without a ques- 
tion to the " booby prize." 

Rev. B. C. Guild addressed the Y. M. C. A., Sun- 
day afternoon, December 8th. The address was 
of the first order. 

A number of the students attended the select 
assembly given by several of the Brunswick young 
ladies, at the court room, December 12th. Dancing 
was enjoyed until a late hour, about twenty couples 
participating. An Augusta orchestra furnished music. 

Professor Little recently received a letter from 
the librarian of the Lenox Library in New York, ask- 
ing for an historical coalition of the two copies of 
John Elliot's Bible, both of which are upon the 
shelves of the Bowdoin Library. The coalition was 
wanted for an historical account of the work now 
being prepared for the Smithsonian Institute. 

One of the most notable of the recent additions to 
the library is an annotated edition of English and 
Scottish ballads prepared by Professor F. J. Childe 
of Harvard. The work is to be completed in eight 
volumes, six of which have already been received. 
The edition is valuable in point of scholarship, and 
as but one thousand copies are to be issued, Bowdoin 
feels fortunate in securing a set for the college book 

The first themes of the winter term will be due Jan- 
uary 22d. The subjects are as follows : Juniors — 
" Should Our Coast Defenses be Increased?" "Is a 
Closer Union of the Protestant Sects in America 
Feasible?" " The Sonnets of Wordsworth." Soph- 
omores — "Maine in the Present Congress ;" "Con- 
dition of Russian Exiles in Siberia;" " What are the 
Distinctive Characteristics of the Bowdoin Student?" 

The Seniors have been taking their examinations 
in Mineralogy on the installment plan ; likewise the 
Juniors their History. 

The Juniors took their examination in Chemistry 
Monday instead of Friday, thus giving those who 
wished an opportunity to go home a day' earlier 
than usual. 

Home, '91, who was to have taught in Pembroke 
this winter, is dangerously ill with congestion of the 

Everything goes to prove that a man needs no 
exercise in the Gym Wednesday and Saturday after- 
noons. Of course he doesn't. If he did, don't you 

suppose Professor Whittier would have those electric 
lights turned on in the gymnasium on the days in 
question ? " 

The duck pond has been sort of a rendezvous for 
the college and town boys recently. Those who 
have been there pronounce the skating fairly good. 

The foot-ball men passed their Thanksgiving 
recess in Brunswick, expecting to walk away with 
the Andover team Thanksgiving day ; but even our 
heavy rush-line could not withstand the fury of old 
Boreas and his snowy legions and the manager had 
to telegraph the Andovers not to come. However, a 
complimentary dinner tendered the eleven by Land- 
lord Nichols of the Tontine, was quite instrumental 
in alleviating the ire of the disappointed foot-ball 

Gymnasium work has at last commenced and 
again the melodious one-two-three-four of the silver- 
voiced instructor can be heard in the latter part of the 
winter afternoon, re-echoing even in the utmost re- 
cesses of South Appleton. The Seniors and Juniors 
are this year wielding the single stick, while the 
Sophomores will choose later, between wands and 
dumb-bells, the Freshmen contenting themselves 
meantime with the intricate maneuvers of the 
Indian club. Squad work on the various pieces of 
special apparatus will be a feature of the gym re- 
quirements for the winter term. 

President Hyde spoke in chapel last sabbath even- 
ing upon Robert Browning, with eloquence that had 
a soul in it. He spoke of him as a man who sung 
the mystical strains of a great soul — a man whom 
the hot enthusiasm of youth could not profit by or 
appreciate. He advised the boys to treasure him up 
as one of the great, good friends yet to be known — 
a friend to whom they might go for counsel in those 
mighty crises of faith and experience which inevit- 
ably fall to the lot of the full man. The selection 
by the Glee Club which followed seemed to take up 
the same rich thought in another form. We are hav- 
ing great chapels this year, and the boys are tending 
out for all they are worth. 

The Amherst chapel choir went out on a strike 
last week. The trustees have refused to appropriate 
the usual $200, and the choir would not sing without 
pay. They returned to their duties Tuesday and it 
is understood the Faculty will see the money is 
raised. — Ex. 

The combined number of volumes contained in 
the libraries of American colleges and universities 
exceed 3,000,000. 



'32. — Rev. Dr. C. A. 
Bartol will pass the winter 
in California. 

'60. — Hon. T. B. Reed was elected 
Speaker of the House of Representatives on 
the second ballot. Mr. Reed is eminently 
fitted for the position, and has been the acknowl- 
edged leader of the Republican side of the House 
for a long time, and is noted as a brilliant and 
effective speaker. 

'63. — F. A. Hill delivered a lecture before the York 
County Teachers' Convention at Biddeford, entitled 
"New England Primer Days." 

77.— Lieutenant R. E. Peary, U. S. N., is sta- 
tioned at League Island, Penn. 

'77. — Mr. Joseph Knight Greene and Miss Frances 
Lillian Newton were married in Worcester, Mass., 
December 12, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. Greene will reside 
at 59 Benefit Street, Worcester. 

Ex-'80. — Mr. W. W. Northern!, the architect, was 
burned out at the great fire in Lynn. 

'81. — Dr. R. H. Greene of New York City, has 
been very successful in treating diseases of children. 
Dr. Greene has an article on- sea air for children in 
the New York Medical Journal. 

'84. — Dr. A. H. Brown has settled in New York 
City. Dr. Brown is medical examiner for the police 
forces of Boston and New York. 

'85. — John A. Peters was married to Miss Cush- 
man, of Ellsworth, November 20th. 

Since the world was young, it ever has sung, 

In the same sad, fickle refrain; 
It is off with the old love and on with the new, 

And another to-morrow again. 

It is little men care if maidens be fair, 

And must pine and wither away; 
It is off with the old love and on with the new, 

And all hail to the queen of the day. 

And there little or naught have maidens gi'n thought 

Of the hearts that ache and must break ; 
It is off with the old love and on with the new, 

And the old for the new to forsake. 

But T know of two, whose hearts will be true 

Till the course of life has been run ; 
It is on with the old love and on with the new, 

For the old and the new love are one. 

— Yale Courant. 

The Princeton Glee Club will visit Florida during 
the Christmas vacation. 

Ex-President Hayes has been delivering a series 
of lectures at Oberlin, on "Political Economy." 

Lehigh has never conferred any honorary degrees 

The Catholic students have founded a society 
known as the Yale Catholic Union. The aim of the 
society is principally literary, and all Catholics in 
the university are eligible to membership. — Ex. 

In the University of Cambridge, England, there 
are twenty-one different colleges, each one of which 
has its individual boat crew and cricket team. 

Cornell gave 358 scholarships last year. 

The average annual expenses of the students at 
Harvard are $800, as the recent annual report shows. 

Columbia is the wealthiest of American universi- 
ties, and Harvard comes next, with property valued 
at something less than $8,000,000 and a yearly in- 
come amounting to $363,121. 


at low prices, send to 

W. IV. Ellis, Stationer, 


Autistic Worn; a Specialty. 

For Schools and Colleges. 


Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 



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Leading Manufacturers aud Retail Dealers throughout New 

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pretty blotters of most excellent quality. One has 
a cut of a little drum-major cupid at the head of 
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is his speech : "I am a quiet little ' drummer ' for 
the Noyes Holders. It is my mission to call atten- 
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that have strong springs to hug the book 
firmly together, thus keeping the dust out of 
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happy and accurate in the use of words. Buy a 
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see how much more frequently you will refer to 
the dictionary." 

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lind THIS BRAND superior to all others. 

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BEWARE OF IMITATIONS, and observe that the firm namo as 
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ALLEN & GINTER, Manufacturers, 


Thurston's * Piano * House 


Is one of the old, long established, and successful business houses of Maine. 

believe in Maine. We first drew our breath in this good old State, and hope to 

draw our last here also. We have no time to enlarge on this point, 

but if you, or your friends are about to purchase a Piano 

or an Organ, a Stool, or a Cover, come right here 

and buy. You can't do better ; you might 

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3 Free Street Block, 

:fo:r.t , Xj.a.3ste>, a^iE. 


Vol. XIX. 


No. 12. 




George B. Chandler, '00, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '00. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '01. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, anil items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 12.- January 15, 1800, 

At Les Ebouleraents 205 

Editorial Notes 205 


Theme-Writing, 208 

'Ninety-Three's Opportunity 200 

Base-Ball Practice 210 

A Home by the Sea (poem), 211 

Class Politics in the 'Fifties 211 

Rhyme and Reason, 213 

Exchanges 214 

Collegii Tabula, . 214 

Personal 216 

College World 217 

At Les Eboulements. 

The bay is set with ashy sails, 

With purple shades that fade and flee, 

And curling by in silver wales 

The tide is straining from the sea. 

The grassy points are slowly drowned, 

The water laps and over-rolls 
The wicker peche; with shallow sound 

A light wave labors on the shoals. 

The crows are feeding in the foam, 

They rise in crowds tumultuously, 
" Come home," they cry, " Come home," 
come home ! 
And leave the marshes to the sea. 

— Duncan Campbell Scott. 

In this issue those familiar with the 
countenance of the Orient will notice one 
or two slight changes. Two new depart- 
ments are added. One is an Exchange col- 
umn, which has always appeared to us one 
of the most interesting portions of a college 
paper. The other possesses a slightly rhyth- 
mical flavor and in lieu of a better title is 
labeled "Rhyme and Reason." Its aim will 
not be to startle the literary world with any 
•soul-twisting soliloquies or meditations on 
the " hereafterness of the future." It will 
simply try to impart a sort of informal met- 
rical jingle to some of the freaks and fancies 
of youth. There will also appear a few un- 
important typographical improvements, and a 
slight change in the proportions of the sheet. 
Thus attired, the Orient makes its courtesy 
at the beginning of the year, and begs your 
indulgence for the following bit of sentiment: 

All hail to the grand old college 

And its sons so tried and true, 

To the vigorous young alumni 

And the old, gray-haired and few ! 

And hail to the present students 

To the wild and jolly lads, 

Joy of the Brunswick maidens 

And the misery of their dads. 

We'll spring it upon you gently, 
For it maketh the spirit droop — 
If you don't pay your subscription 
The Orients in the soup. 



TV7E frequently hear from the man who 
*[■■*■ says: "It doesn't make any difference 
what college you go to, for you learn any- 
where." This argument is used with especial 
effectiveness in fitting schools to induce im- 
pecunious students to attend inexpensive 
and characterless colleges, rather than those 
of more pronounced personality and larger 
expense. The statement unquestionably has 
the ring of plausibility, for we think no one 
can dispute the fact that one can acquire the 
facts and principles of a liberal education 
(using the term in its restricted sense) any- 
where. In fact we are half inclined to the 
view that study in narrow institutions, or 
even in solitude, produces more accurate 
scholars than are to be found in the healthier 
currents of college life. Thus, we see that 
this argument carried out to its ultimate 
ends would lead to the conclusion that the 
college, per se, is valueless. 

This idea entirely ignores at least half 
the value of a college education, that half 
whose result is the development of character. 
We once heard a graduate of one of the great 
New England universities say, that, without 
venturing any opinion as to the relative 
superiority of the two institutions, any one 
thoroughly conversant with the spirit of 
Harvard and Yale could, in nine cases out of 
ten, tell which of "the two a man had been 
graduated from, from the general tenor of 
his character and conversation — so strong 
was the impress of the institution upon his 
individuality. If this be true of the great 
university, it is doubly so of the college. 

An institution which has produced a long 
line of brilliant alumni, which has always had 
strong men in its Faculty, which possesses 
broad religious views and a general tendency 
toward liberality is just so sure to leave the 
stamp of its personality on its graduates and 
produce a noble type of manhood as, in the 
physical world, the effect is sure to follow 
the cause. 

TV7E publish on another page an article 
** that commends itself to the candid 
consideration of every society in college. 
Now that hazing has been abolished, the 
most crying evil with which the college has 
to contend is the intensity of society 
feeling. It is true that it does not possess 
the rancor that it did under the '87 regime, 
but it is still an evil and one which severely 
handicaps the institution in many ways. Its 
injurious effects are by no means confined 
to athletics ; it materially affects the size of 
the classes. It was only the other clay that 
we were talking with a Dartmouth alumnus, 
a resident of our own State and therefore a 
logical Bowdoin man, who said the chief 
reason which drove him out of the State was 
the fault of which we speak. We know of 
another, a sub-Freshman, now in Phillips 
Andover Academy, who is debating the 
question of coming to Bowdoin, but who 
will perhaps be driven to Amherst, instead, 
by this same thing. 

We have " eat and slept " society feeling 
so long and seen the strongest men in col- 
lege denounce and re-denounce it so often 
and then go into class meetings and show 
the same old spirit, that anything which has 
been or may be said assumes the nature of a 
platitude. But it is time to " take the bull 
by the horns." It is time for some society 
to show its true nobility of nature and adopt 
the plan which our contributor recommends 
in the article previously referred to. The 
key to the whole matter is there well stated. 
As long as any society or societies persist in 
making hogs of themselves the rest have to 
do the same in self-defense. They cannot 
stand seeing one society gobble everything 
without making a counter move ; and thus 
men who by nature are above the whole 
business, are driven into little narrow, sinall- 
souled proceedings which are more worthy 
of primary school children than college stu- 
dents. They " want because others want," 



As he has said, were any one society to wash 
its hands of the entire system, the gluttons 
would probably gorge themselves for two 
or three years, but we entirely agree with 
him that in the due course of time a reaction 
would set in, and ultimately and infinitely 
greater amount of honor would accrue to it 
than could be obtained by any petty offices 
within the gift of a class. An honor which 
is the result of wire-pulling, contradicts it- 
self and ceases to be an honor at all. 

'Ninety-two have taken a bold stand on 
the hazing question and boldly maintained 
it, thus ridding the college of its greatest 
evil. But another sore remains, and it lies 
in the power of 'ninety-three to take the 
initiative in its cure. 

WE do not pursue the right method of 
raising money for athletics. The man 
with a subscription paper is a nuisance. It 
is a woman's way of doing business, and 
savors of new church organs and vestry 
carpets. The proper method is the one pur- 
sued at Dartmouth and Amherst, where, as 
we understand, the thing is done at public 
meetings. Let the boys get on a little 
health}' fervor, and make one or two rattling 
speeches and the competitive pledges will 
come in apace. At least they do elsewhere, 
and if it is not the case here, it will only 
show that college spirit at Bowdoin is not up 
to the standard — an imputation which would 
of course be indignantly repudiated. When 
fortified by the four walls of his room it is 
an easy matter for the student, that has not 
yet got hold of the fact that a man owes 
certain duties to the society in which he 
moves as well as his own small soul, to turn 
away the soliciting Treasurer with his modest 
roll of names. He is not then freighted with 
the enthusiasm which the public meeting 
inspires, nor is he called upon to back up 
before the college the loud-mouthed pat- 

riotism in which he is wont to deal. If we, 
as students, are going to keep pace with the 
liberal spirit which has been creeping in 
along higher channels, we must not cling to 
the old ruts and set down as a crank every 
one who proposes anything different from 
what our fathers did in the 'fifties ; nor should 
we crawl within the shell of our self-conceit 
and kick out of the synagogue whoever tells 
us the sober truth that in some things we are 
way behind the times. 

NO more desirable feature could be intro- 
duced into the annual Athletic Exhibi- 
tion than class Tug o' War contests. They 
would be productive of keen interest to 
spectators and intense excitement among 
class partisans, while their efficiency for de- 
veloping new men for the 'Varsity team would 
be invaluable. Colby smarts under the defeat 
of last season, and will undoubtedly lay for 
us another field-day. We have the belts all 
in readiness, and let us not be called up on 
short notice, as we were a year ago. 

3 AYS the Echo: "Our exchanges come to 
us this month loaded with foot-ball notes. 
Some are exulting over victory, others are 
trying to explain defeat, and all have sug- 
gestions in abundance for the future. Colby 
must take her place in the procession next 
year, no matter what may be the cost in 
broken noses and sprained ankles." That's 
it. Now, Colby, your voice sounds natural. 

^TTHE non-society men have become so con- 
*■ spicuous an element in the college, that 
it might be deemed advisable to have them 
represented upon the Orient board. We 
await competition from them, and if they 
manifest a sufficiently tangible desire, we 
doubt not that the retiring board will show 
the true spirit. 




epar 3 


Theme -Writing. 

By A. W. Tolman, '88. 

TT is the purpose of this article not to enter 
*■ into a formal discussion of the subject, 
but merely to ask and answer one or two 
essential questions in the way that it seems 
to the writer they should be answered. 

In the first place what is the real object 
of theme-writing ? 

'• To teach one to write " seems to be the 
most natural reply, and it is a good one as 
far as it goes. But it does not go far enough. 
Back of the writing there must be another 
and a more important process, viz., thinking. 
The two things are so closely united that it 
is impossible to separate them. The true 
purpose of theme-writing, then, is to teach 
one to express his own ideas with force and 

Whenever a theme-subject is given out 
there are two ways of going to work upon 
it. One way, and an excellent one if rightly 
followed, is to read carefully some good 
article or articles upon the topic, and to 
write after thoroughly digesting the infor- 
mation thus obtained. The danger to which 
one is exposed in pursuing this method is 
apparent. One is likely to depend too much 
upon what he reads for his ideas, and to do 
too little independent thinking. 

The second, and by far the better way, 
is to read only enough to get the bare facts, 
if the subject be an unfamiliar one. If the 
writer knows anything whatever about it, it 
is better for him not to read at all. Let him 
write the best theme he can from his previous 
knowledge of the topic. His composition 
may not be so smooth as it would have been 
had he pursued the former course, and it may 
not contain so much information, but it will 
certainly have done him much more good,. 

It will express his own thoughts, and not 
the thoughts of some one else. 

If it be granted that the object of theme- 
writing is to foster the habit of independent 
thought, what plan should one .follow in 
working out his ideas ? To this question 
there can, of course, be no arbitrary answer. 
Every person has his own method, and must 
discover by experiment in what way he can 
work best. 

To any who are in doubt as to what 
course to pursue, the following commonplace 
practical suggestions are offered : 

I. Carefully consider the subject, and 
decide what particular phase of it you wish 
to discuss. 

II. Make an orderly and connected plan 
of the theme, jotting down at the same time 
any detached thoughts that may suggest 

III. Take this plan at some time when 
you are feeling in good condition, as for 
instance after a walk. At a single sitting 
write out a rough draft of the whole theme, 
trying to say exactty what you think and 
feel, and paying little attention to rhetorical 

IV. Lay this draft aside for two or three 
days, and then take it up again. Read it 
over carefully, correcting any errors that 
there may be, and then re-write, paying close 
attention to minor points. 

As has been said before, the first essen- 
tial of good writing is clear thinking. Unless 
one is in the habit of treating his subject 
clearly and logically, he can hope for but 
little success in the field of literature. It 
is of more importance that the current of 
thought should flow on smoothly than that 
the current of language should do so. Carlyle 
is a good example of continuity of thought 
and roughness of language. His ideas follow 
one another in logical succession, but his 
sentences are often disconnected and abrupt. 
It is of far greater importance to think well 



than to write well. In the study of language 
and composition this point is liable to be lost 
sight of; too much attention is paid to form, 
and too little to matter. It is only when the 
two are harmoniously combined that the best 
results can be reached. 

The man who has his ideas clearly in 
mind will find little trouble in expressing 
them, even though his vocabulary be limited. 
A clear thinker with a small vocabulary 
will excel a confused thinker with a large 
vocabulary, just as an able general with a 
small but well disciplined army will over- 
come an inefficient enemy whose forces are 
large but badly organized. 

One should of course constantly read the 
best authors, and thus increase his stock of 
words. The first step for him to take, how- 
ever, is to get perfect control over the words 
with which he is already familiar. Hav- 
ing done this he will then be qualified to 
increase his command of language and to 
become possessed of a varied and abundant 

'Ninety-Three's Opportunity. 

A Few Sober Truths on Our System of Class 

YTFHIS is the season of the annual class 

•*■ elections, and the question occurs to us, 

What is the ideal attitude of a society toward 

these quarrelsome contests? Will it obtain 

the most honor and best preserve its dignity 

by hoeing in and distinguishing itself for 

wire-pulling abilities and office hauling, or 

is the better course for the delegations to 

calmly draw one side while the battle 

thickens, taking as a matter of course what 

may be given to them or taken from them 

in the way of petty class offices? In other 

words, Are the societies in intent or purpose 

office-capturing organizations? •Theoretically 

and constitutionally they are probably not, 

but practically, under the present election 

conduct, they are. 

No one better realizes how little he has 
gained for all his dragging and wrangling 
than when at the end of the struggle he 
conies to appraise the spoils, or rather, 
perhaps, comes to the performance of the 
office for which he and others have so 
fiercely fought, over which so much bad 
blood has been shown, and of which so 
much rancorous spirit, more or less personal 
and permanent, has been engendered. We 
believe, especially under the present circum- 
stances, that mighty little profit or honor 
accrues to a society for filling with its men 
the offices of a class; for the discipline is no 
more than can be gotten in many other ways, 
and than the recollection of their execution 
nothing is more ephemeral. The Ivy-Day 
president or orator says his little say, and 
the people and the boys depart to forget 
within a week the detail of the whole affair. 

The writer, who has been through the 
series of class elections up to the Senior year, 
and who thinks he has caught a glimpse 
or two of the beauties of some of the best 
class offices, pronounces the whole business, 
so far as any personal or society honor is 
concerned, a hoax. We venture the belief 
that if any society would be great-minded 
enough to quietly withdraw from these class 
contests, treating the wrangling for office as 
beneath its dignity, and taking merely what 
was conferred upon it by the will of the 
remainder of the class, that there would 
shortly result a marked change in the char- 
acter of our class elections. For a while, no 
doubt, the swine would eat the swill, but 
we believe that they would ultimately per- 
ceive the worthiness and dignity of the 
position of their companion, and begin to 
put themselves in the same praiseworthy 
attitude, that is, an attitude of comparative 
indifference as to what particular offices the 
society should fill for a particular year. 

If we realize the slight value of class 
offices in profit or honor, we find that the 



desire for them must rest almost entirely in 
human perversity. A society dips into a 
contest for no more than to show its weight 
among the other belligerents, and to take 
from them and chuckle over a share of 
the disputed. It wants because another 
wants, and for the satisfaction of taking 
from him. For this only are our protracted 
and irritating class disputes. 

Let any society take a reserved seat and 
show that it has no special longing for the 
withered laurels of the election arena, and 
the other societies will soon begin to lose 
their present inordinate appetites. For one, 
two, or three years it may see only the 
greedy and the warring divide the spoils, 
but it would all come round right in time, 
and offices would be bestowed upon it 
for merit, not for wire-pulling, and it 
would experience the additional honor and 
satisfaction of having inaugurated the re- 

It could hardly be hoped that any Sopho- 
more, Junior, or Senior delegations would 
try this plan for their animosities are already 
aroused, but the Freshmen, who have no old 
scores to square off, are in an excellent posi- 
tion to do so, and if some delegation will 
now refuse to enter any class quarrel, we 
believe that the last year of their course will 
find them congratulating themselves for the 

Base-Ball Practice. 

Experts Interviewed by an Alumnus. — How A Ball 
Nine Should be Trained.— Too Much Child's Play 
in the Batting and Battery Departments.— An 
Old Pitcher Gives His Views on the Subject. 

To the Editors of the Orient: 

DURING the past two seasons it has been 
my fortune, as one of the managers of 
a professional hall team, to meet and con- 
verse with a number (if line players, several 
of whom had seen service in the national 
league, while a number of others had won 
their spurs in the ranks of the New England 

league. From these men I have endeavored 
to obtain their views as to the best methods 
of training a base-ball team. While of course 
I found a considerable difference of opinion 
regarding many points, yet on others, and as 
it appears to me the most important ones, 
there was practical unanimity. 

It has seemed to me that some of these 
opinions might prove of interest, if not of 
value, to the base-ball men of Bowdoin. I 
have, therefore, concluded to write out in 
substance the views on this matter expressed 
to me in answer to my questions by a pitcher 
of no little ability who has signed for the 
coming season with one of the clubs of the 
Players' league. "The system of permitting 
pitchers to toss balls to men in practice," he 
said, " is a bad one. This, in my opinion, is 
worse than no practice at all. If I were 
training a nine I would make it all work. 
When my pitchers faced a batsman I would 
have them do their best to keep him from 
making a hit. I would have them use every 
art they possessed to deceive him — speed, 
curves, change of pace, everything possible. 
Such, in my opinion, is the only practice 
that can prove of real value either to battery 
men or batsmen. 

"The custom of throwing balls in practice 
for the men to hit is demoralizing to a nine. 
It begets a spirit of false confidence among 
the batsmen, which gives way to utter lack 
of confidence when they come to the real 
contests of the diamond. Such practice is 
even more demoralizing to battery men, for 
it deprives them of the experience in 'work- 
ing ' batsmen, which is essential to their 
highest success. 

"No, let us have our practice the genuine 
article, whether it be much or little. Let 
our battery men do their level best every 
time, and then if our batsmen can hit them 
we may feel assured that they will hit the 
pitchers of rival nines when they come to 
face them later on. 



"I think that net practice is a grand thing. 
In fact it is my belief that all batting prac- 
tice should be taken in this way ; but the 
best pitchers should do the twirling here just 
as much as in the games, and should do their 
very best every time. To have Tom, Dick, 
and Harry officiate at such times, is demor- 
alizing and will certainly prove a source of 
weakness to any nine. 

"For fielding practice let some one knock 
to the men, and let them drive every ball as 
hot and sharp from the bat as it would come 
in a real contest. Every kind of a ball 
should be knocked. Every possible emer- 
gency should be imagined and guarded 
against so that the team will be ready for 
the cool headed and rapid solution of any 
problem of play that could possibly arise in 
a game. 

" I do not believe in putting one of the 
pitchers of a team into the box and having 
him toss balls for batsmen to hit so as to give 
fielders practice. If the batsmen and pitcher 
are regulars of the team, this kind of busi- 
ness, as I have said, is demoralizing. If out- 
siders are used in these places, the chances 
they give the team are not the kind that 
would come from the pitching and batting 
of a real game, and consequently such prac- 
tice is again worse than none. In the teams 
I have captained I have always gone on the 
principle that if my men could do Al work 
when all were doing their best in practice, 
they could do the same kind of work in a 
game. For my own part I will never face a 
batsman in jest or earnest without doing 1113' 
best. I have been pounded pretty hard at 
times, but it was never my fault. When 
batsmen have lined me out it has been be- 
cause they were better men, for the time 
being at least, than I was." 

These were the most salient points cov- 
ered in the conversation referred to, but it 
seemed to me, especially after having them 
corroborated by many other first-class players, 

that they were worthy of consideration, and 
that they point out very clearly the most 
sensible and practical method of training 
men "to win " on the diamond. 


A Home by the Sea. 

That home is " sweet home " is a fact we all know, 
And one that is backed by all folks on the go. 
And whether or not 
My home's the best spot, 
It's a place that jest satisfies me — 
In the brightest sunshine, 
With a sniff of the brine, 
And the roar on the shore of the sea. 

I've wandered out West and I've passed all aroun' 
O'er the prairies so vast and the rivers so brown, 
But I vum I'd not give 
A clam-shell to live 
On the banks of the Mississippi. 

I should languish and pine 
For a sniff of the brine, 
And the roar on the shore of the sea. 

I've seen the Great Lakes and well I'll be beat! 
There's no tide and no smell that's especially sweet. 
Some folks like it I s'pose. 
But why ? — the deuce knows — 
Fetch 'em here and I guess they'll agree 
That there's nothing so fine 
As a sniff of the brine 
And the roar on the shore of the sea. 

Class Politics in the 'Fifties. 

Just Two Votes Short. — An Enterprising Sixty- 
eighter. — Wild Ride in a North-easter. — Two 
Relays of Horses. — Just Two Minutes Late. — 
Chartered an Engine. 

TV7E people who talk about the tense and 
** rapid college life of to-day, will do well 
to glance at some of the incidents of earlier 
Bowdoin life. The following episode, which 
came to the ears of an Orient man during 
the last vacation, will perhaps illustrate 
something of college spirit as represented by 
class elections in the 'fifties : 

It appears that an attempt had been made 
to elect officers to the class of '58, which 



had resulted in something in the nature 
of a dead-lock. Another meeting had been 
appointed for the following day. Two 
members of one of the factions were, for 
some reason, absent at their homes, probably 
teaching. If their votes could be secured, 
the next meeting meant victory for the side 
upon which it was felt their influence would 
fall; if not, defeat. The two members in 
question were at Fiyeburg. In the days of 
1858, the Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad, or, 
latterly, the Mountain Division of the Maine 
Central, was unknown, and the best method 
of reaching the town in question was by train 
to Yarmouth Junction, and a change of cars 
to Paris, from which point the only public 
conveyance was the old-fashioned stage 
coach. If this method were employed the 
absent voters would reach Brunswick full 
twenty-four hours too late. It was a case of 
life or death with them, probably the latter. 

However, one member of the class rose to 
the occasion. He left Brunswick just after 
dinner, made his connections at the Junction 
and arrived in Paris late in the afternoon. 
From this point to his home in Fiyeburg and 
back was a distance of between sixty and 
seventy miles, to which must be added 
some eight or ten miles of running around 
to labor with and get together the absent 
voters. The returning train, which alone 
would take them back to Brunswick in time 
for the election, left South Paris station 
early the following morning. This left but 
a little better than twelve hours in which to 
hunt up teams, find and convince the voters, 
and travel a distance of fully seventy-five 
miles; while to augment the difficulties, an 
old "north-east " snow-storm set in with all 
its old-time vigor. 

A team was procured at Paris, two relays 
of horses were obtained, one at Waterford, 
and one at Lovell, and the indomitable 'sixty- 
eighter arrived at his home in Fiyeburg 
late in the evening. Hastily explaining his 

unexpected arrival, and partaking of an im- 
promptu supper, he set about to his task of 
finding the two men and "working" them. 
It was two o'clock in the morning before the 
thing was acconqnished and the three were 
en route for Paris. It was a wild ride in 
the. stormy winter's morning, bounding up 
and down the rugged old Oxford County 
hills, dashing through snow-laden forests 
and in and out scattered villages, to the 
tune of jingling sleigh-bells and cursing 
landlords. It was to the slowness of one 
of these last-named potentates that they 
owed a nearly fatal delay. 

In due course of time, however, they 
dashed into South Paris, " tail over the 
dasher," only to find that the train, the tan- 
talizing smoke of which was still flecking 
to the southward, had left just two minutes 
before. What they said is not recorded 
(here below, at least). Perhaps nothing; 
but whatever it was, we don't blame them 
any. What they did, however, is well au- 
thenticated. A locomotive stood near by, 
all fired up and ready for business. They 
chartered the machine and were soon chasing 
the departed train as fast as the recklessness 
of the engineer would take them. Yarmouth 
Junction was reached in time for the Bruns- 
wick train, and the three patriots arrived in 
time to cast their well-earned votes on the 
winning side. 

The enterprising man who made the trip, 
never lived to put into active life the vigor 
and enthusiasm of which his college course 
gave promise. He was stricken down, soon 
after graduating with salutatory honors. 
But from the determination manifested in 
the occurrence above recounted, we may 
infer something of what the world has lost. 

The international college Young Men's Christian 
Association Convention will be held at Wesleyan 
University this winter. The date will probably be 
January 24-30, 1890. 



R^yme and Reason- 

To thee, O Night, we bow in reverence 

For thy sweet blessings showered on mankind. 
Thy all concealing shades thou wrap'st around ! 

In them immunity from man we find. 

The soulful burglar thanks his lucky stars 
That thy pale stars alone look down to see 

His deeds of darkness wrought in stilly stealth, 
And breathes a prayer to darkness and to thee. 

The prayerful foot-pad slowly stealeih forth, 
In blissful, trusting confidence that thy 

Protecting shadows, Sable Night, shall veil 
His shadow from the law's avenging eye. 

The love-lorn student and the blushing maid, 
Unite upon the bridge in fond embrace. 

In thy befriending gloom, to lovers kind, 
None see his arm about her yielding waist. 

None see the kisses ravished from her lip. 
The nectar of her breath is his to sip, 

And all unseen save by thine eye alone. 

Then bow, ye worshipful, before her shrine, 
And reverence her in darkness and in light ! 

The blessings we have mentioned here above, 
Are not a half of those man owes to night. 


Of all the dreams and fancies 

That, like strange and unknown glances, 
Go flitting to the music of the mind, 

There are none that so bewilder 

As the cottage of Matilda, 
Mid the breezes of the soft and southern wind. 

Ah Matilda! sweet Matilda! 

How often have I filled her 
Little head so full of strange fantastic yarns, 

That she'd sit and sit and ponder 

And she'd gaze and gaze up yonder, 
Like a highland matron dreaming of her bairns. 

She's so gentle and confiding, 

With her blue eyes shyly hiding 
On the bosom of my new five-dollar vest, 

That I feel a strange forlornness, 

A sort of subtle goneness, 
That my cramped and meagre words cannot 

To sit in front of the open grate, 

Half hugging the arm of my easy-chair, 
And watching the changing thread of fate 

That is spun and cut in the fire's glare, 
While behind me the light that reflects on the wall 

Seems to cast a halo o'er Bachelor's Hall ; 

To ponder alone o'er some wonderful page, 
Replete with the wisdom of long ago 

And the heroes who dwelt in a mythical age — 
What a comfort it is to sit here and know 

That the fates, and the sages, the heroes, and all 
Are the serfs and retainers of Bachelor's Hall. 

And hark to the wind that is rampant to-night, 
How it struggles and raves at my castle gate ! 

Let it roar, let it rage, I can laugh at its might, 
What a feeling of safety its volleys create! 

'Twill be many a day ere these battlements fall, 
And the fire burns brighter in Bachelor's Hall. 

" To bed, my little Clara," cooed the old man from 
aloft ; 
But she only pressed me gently with a chuckle 
low and soft. 

"Did you hear me Clarabelle," came down louder 
than before ; 
But we only moved the arm-chair a few feet 
toward the door. 

" By zounds!" soughed through the register with 
deep and sullen roar ; 
And I lit out like a spectre when his feet, they 
struck the floor. 

" Can this be love, this strange, unnatural state, 
That doth so cause mine every bone to ache, 
My brain to reel e'en as a love-sick swain, 
Mine eyes to weep such strange, unwonted 
brine ? " 
'• Nay, mi lord, 'tis but the grippe" quoth he. 

American college papers exhibited at the Paris 
Exposition excited great interest in foreign educa- 
tion. Undergraduate journalism is practically un- 
known in Europe, there being but one college paper 
in England. — Ex. 




The University contains a very strong and read- 
able article, entitled "Households of Women." It 
criticises the custom of housing college girls together, 
as if they were vestals, to be jealously excluded 
from the contaminating influences of the world. 
It might be rejoined that gentlemen's colleges are 
open to the same objection. We do not think it 
would be a valid one, however, for the standard of 
society gives the college boy greater freedom to get 
out in the world and widen his horizon, that could pos- 
sibly be granted a woman under similar conditions. 

The school at New Hampton, N. H., gets out a 
mighty smart little paper for an institution of its 
size. It drifts into the old error, however, of delving 
in subjects which no member of fitting school or 
college is qualified to tackle. 

In the same class with the above, may be put 
the High School Review, of Newton, Mass. The 
hitter seems to have caught the true spirit of school 
journalism in its selection of subjects. 

The Pulse comes out with a handsome cover for 
its Christmas number. 

The Cadet, from Maine State College, is exulting 
over its victories in prize drills. Get there, Orono ! 
Bowdoin is shouting for you every time, if you do 
beat us with the sphere. 

The Christmas number of the Columbia Spectator 
is filled with illustrations of the first order, both as 
to design and engraving. The largest and most 
taking is a two-page wood-cut, over which in gro- 
tesquely patterned frost-work is the greeting, "A 
Merry Xmas to all." The central view represents 
President Low standing upon a table beside a white- 
furred Santa Claus, while about them are dancing 
with infinite variety of facial expression a combina- 
tion of beings supposed to represent undergraduates, 
co-eds, and faculty. In each corner of the cut are 
other pictures representing various phases of Co- 
lumbia life, the most interesting of which is one 
labeled "The Co-eds' Xmas." It represents four 
lovely great stockings stuffed full of huylers, tutti- 
frutti, etc., before which the vision of loveliness 
stands in robe cle nuil, with hands upheld in delir- 
ious joy. 

Our friend, the Colby Echo, seems to be a little 
sore on the Reed question — generally is, in fact, 
when we talk alumni. The Echo is a very newsy 
little sheet, however. We see by the last issue that 
there has been a revolution in Brazil and the 
"McGinty" joke lias struck Waterville. 

Bragdon, ex-Bowdoin, '91, has 
entered the Junior class at Wesleyan. 
Home, '91, has recovered from his 
recent severe illness, and has resumed 
his duties at the Pembroke High School. 

Professor Young is trying the experiment of 
holding morning exercises in the Chapel. Thus far 
the new arrangement seems to be entirely satis- 

H. Webb has retired from journalism, and the 
"handle of the big front door" of the Enterprise 
office at Bath is ornamented with a black ribbon in 
consequence thereof. 

Grippe, grippe, grippe ! or as the unsophisticated 
proclaim the la grippe. This fashionable, though 
not at all exclusive, new-fangled epidemic has 
laid its heavy hand on Bowdoin, and many a man is 
"going it alone" by reason of its inroads. The 
Faculty even are not exempt, as several recent 
adjourns will bear witness. 

"I saw an item in the Journal last night that will 
be just the thing to run in your column," remarked 
a facetious student to the local editor the other day. 
"Ah, what was it?" asked the unsuspecting 
victim, drawing a note-book and pencil from his 
pocket. " McGinty's obituary," came the reply, in the 
cold, hard, inhuman tone of the McGinty maniac. 
The editor did not swear, nor rave, nor faint, nor 
do anything else of that nature, but all unmind- 
ful of his new Plymouth Rock trousers, he dropped 
humbly upon his knees, even upon the hard and 
cruel ice, and offered up a fervent prayer of thanks 
that McGinty had at last arrived at that point in his 
career when it had been found necessary to compose 
his obituary notice. Eequiescat in pace. 

Tutor Tolman has charge of the Freshman Greek 
this term. 

Professor Johnson will continue his Wednesday 
afternoon class in German during the winter for the 
benefit of the Juniors who intend to elect the study 
next year. 

Assistant Treasurer Carvill is able to be out 
ajjain, and has resumed his duties. 



Bowdoin was well represented at the meeting of 
the Maine Pedagogical Society recently held at 
Bangor. President Hyde, Professor Robinson, and 
Doctor Whittier were among the speakers, the latter 
introducing a drill squad of Brunswick young ladies 
in connection with his paper on Physical Training. 

Professor Robinson was one of a committee who 
recently visited Portland for the purpose of inspect- 
ing the sanitary condition of the school buildings in 
the Forest City. 

Briry, '93, has left college. 

Doolittle, '88, has been appointed Justice of the 
Peace and Quorum by Governor Burleigh. 

A number of the students living along the line of 
the Knox & Lincoln, stopped over at Bath, on their 
return to college, to take in the launching of the big 
ship Rappahannock. 

Professor Little entertained the members of the 
Gentlemen's Club at his residence on Friday, Janu- 
ary 4th. 

The fires in the recitation rooms have been rather 
uncomfortable of late. We trust, Mr. Booker, that a 
word to the wise will be sufficient. 

January 10th Doc. Hutchinson appeared on 
the campus with straw hat and spring overcoat. 
Mercury ten below zero. Look out for robins and 

The man who makes a nuisance of himself by 
running off with all the reserved books and periodi- 
cals, and keeping them beyond the prescribed time, is 
being carefully looked after this term by the college 
librarian. A personal call from that official is now 
the reminder that that book ought to have been on 
the shelf several days ago. 

Maine journalism is again at fault. The papers 
have all stated that President Small, of Colby, deliv- 
ered the sermon at the recent dedication of the Berean 
Baptist Church. President Small was confined to 
his house at the time by "the grippe," and his 
father, the Rev. Dr. Small, of Portland, occupied 
the new pulpit. 

The Amherst Glee and Banjo Clubs made quite 
an extensive tour through Maine during the holiday 
vacation, and many of the boys were given an op- 
portunity of listening to their delightful music. The 
club was obliged to remain in Brunswick several 
hours, and took the opportunity to visit the campus. 
The blackboard in Memorial was adorned as follows : 
" Amherst wishes Bowdoin a happy and prosperous 
New Year," and for once the halls of Bowdoin re- 
echoed with the Amherst yell. 

Professor Robinson has received from the State 
Board of Health five hundred samples of wall paper 
to be analyzed for the detection of arsenic. The paper 
will be analyzed in packages of about twenty samples 
each. If arsenic is present in the package, it will be 
necessary to test each sample separately ; otherwise 
another package will be examined, and so on. 

Simonton, '91, has rejoined his class. Fitting 
corsets and hosiery behind the counter does not 
agree with the handsomest man in Brunswick, and 
he will work no more snap vacation dodges on Pa. 

Eddie's and Ollie's gymnasium, in 13 South 
Maine, has been refitted, and is now occupied by 
McArthur, '93. 

S. T. Kimball, ex-Bowdoin, '90, is manager of 
the Amherst Glee Club. 

Hubbard has been lavishing himself on several 
extra-Maine places for the past week. 

It seems sad that a trip, otherwise so pleasant as 
that of the Amherst boys through Maine, should be 
marred at its close by an affliction so sad as that which 
befell the club at Saco. At that place one of the mem- 
bers was seized by la grippe, and was obliged to re- 
main behind. The disease developed into pneumonia, 
from which the patient was unable to rallv. In the 
death of Mr. Henderson, not only the Glee Club, but 
all Amherst has sustained a loss all the more severe 
that the sufferer died away from home care and 
among strangers. Bowdoin tenders her heartfelt 

In connection with the term's work in Psychology, 
President Hyde tells a good story of his first mar- 
riage ceremony at which he officiated while occupy- 
ing a pulpit in Jersey City. It seems that the bigger 
half of the interesting couple was rather timid and 
nervous, one of those men whose diffidence is often 
in danger of leading him into some awkward 
blunder. The bride, on the contrary, was remark- 
ably cool and self-possessed. As the couple pre- 
sented themselves before President Hyde there 
seemed to be some misunderstanding in regard to the 
side on which the lady should stand. The groom 
hitched about nervously but the bride was equal to 
the occasion. Quickly changing places with her 
bashful fiance she remarked confidently, "There I 
am sure this is the side on which I have always been 
accustomed to stand." This solved the difficulty, and 
the timid gi-oom and the young widow, who knew all 
about it from experience, were speedily united. 

Some time ago a suggestion was made through 
the Okient in regard to labeling the college paintings 
outside of the Walker Gallery. The suggestion was 



evidently considered a good one for Prof. Little has al- 
ready taken steps toward carrying it out. Several of 
the paintings have already been labeled, and placards 
printed with the subject of the group are to be 
placed over each of the casts of statuary in the 
library. The portraits in Memorial Hall are to be 
marked by small pieces of board about ten inches 
square covered with gold foil, and inscribed with the 
names of the persons represented. These plates are 
now in process of manufacture and will probably be 
placed in position in the early part of the term. 
In the Walker Gallery, what Professor Little calls 
the scrap book system of cataloguing has been 
adopted. All the pages of the old catalogue have 
been pasted in order into a large scrap book, and 
many pictures hitherto uncatalogued have been prop- 
erly numbered and registered under the new system. 
The numbers which formerly ended at 136 now reach 
174. Opposite the name of each painting is printed 
a letter referring to an index, which indicates in 
what part of the gallery or in what building the 
painting is to be found. The drawings have also 
been properly catalogued, a label stating the subject 
of the sketch being pasted upon the back of each. 
These changes will prove a great convenience to 
students and visitors who hitherto have ofien been 
unable to distinguish our $75,000 genuine Van Dyck 
from the various portraits of the Bowdoin family 
which occupy prominent positions upon the walls of 
the art gallery. 

A missionary has recently visited Bowdoin. A 
few days before the holiday recess a strange-looking 
individual, clad in a long linen duster of clerical ap- 
pearance, if we may judge from several quite visible 
rents scattered here and there over its shabby surface, 
a tall hat of the style of bygone days, and a pair of 
steel-bowed spectacles, was to be seen flitting about 
among the various college dormitories. Some say he 
was a Glee Club man, but his insignia seemed to in- 
dicate a missionary. From one pocket of his coat a 
bottle protruded, and there is no reason to doubt the 
presence of a pack of cards in the other. The 
mysterious individual visited the gym. The Seniors 
were lined up witli their single sticks. Whit was 
there, and, sizing up the man of the duster, he 
stalked majestically toward him. It was in vain 
that the man declared himself on missionary busi- 
ness. The ruler of the gym had willed it that he 
should go. He went; and Professor Whitlier is now 
wondering if it wasn't rather a mean trick to " Turner" 
man out in the cold in that unceremonious way. 

The regular annual meeting of the Bowdoin Col- 
lege Athletic Association was held Saturday, Janu- 

ary 11th. The following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year: President, Jordan ; First Vice-Presi- 
dent, Rich ; Second Vice-President, Gurney ; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Nichols ; Master of Ceremonies, 
Chapman; 1st Director, Cilley ; 2d Director, Tukey ; 
3d Director, Durgin ; 4th Director, Merryman; 5th 
Director, Carleton. The Treasurer's report showed 
the receipts for the past year to be $341.30. A letter 
was read from the Boston Athletic Association invit- 
ing our association to take part in their Handicap 
meeting in February, especially in the tug-of-war. 
The first director was given authority to confer with 
representatives of the other Maine colleges relative 
to forming an intercollegiate association. Porter, 
'91, was in attendance. 

Shorey, '88, and Rice, '89, were in town Saturday. 

Mr. Fisher, for so long pastor of the college church, 

has been compelled to resign on account of ill health. 

30.— General William S. 
Lincoln, son of Governor 
Levi Lincoln, and President of the 
Thirty-Fourth Massachusetts Regiment 
Association, died at Worcester, November 
8, 1889, aged seventy-seven years eleven 
months. He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel 
on the breaking out of the war and recruited the 
"thirty-fourth regiment with which he served through 
the war. He was made colonel in 1864, and at the 
close of the war was brevetted brigadier-general. 
In May, 1864, he was wounded in the shoulder at the 
battle of New Market, Va., and was taken prisoner. 
He, however, escaped and reached the Union lines. 
General Lincoln has been President of the Worcester 
County Agricultural Society, a member of the board 
of aldermen, city marshal, and was once candidate 
for mayor. General Lincoln at the time of his 
death was President of the Thirty-Fourth Regiment 
Association, and of the Worcester Light Infantry 
Veteran Association. He leaves a widow and two 

'66. — E. H. Cook lectures before the training 
school for teachers, College of the City of New York, 
February 4th, on " The Voice as an Element in School 



74. — Rev. C. E. Stowe, ex-74, has resigned his 
pastorate of the Windsor Avenue Congregational 
Church, Hartford, Conn. Mr. Stowe has just pub- 
lished a life of his mother, Harriet Beecher Stowe. 

76. — W. H. G. Rowe is Treasurer of the Eustis 
Manufacturing Company, 45 Marry Street, New 
York City. 

77. — Joseph K. Greene, Esq., a successful young 
lawyer of Worcester, Mass., was married December 
12, 1889, to Miss Francis Lillian Newton. 

79.— S. S. Stearns, Esq., of Norway, Me., has 
been appointed Deputy Collector of Internal Reve- 
nue, for the District composed of the first and second 
Congressional Districts of Maine. 

'81. — A. G. Pettingill, formerly pastor at Warren, 
Me., has recently been installed pastor of the Con- 
gregational church at St. Cloud, Minn. 

'83. — S. S. Gannett,' ex-'83; is on the Geological 
Survey, stationed in Washington. His address is 
401 Spruce Street. 


A war was declared near the Tender; 

Last night Mabel sounded alarms. 
I called on the foe to surrender; 

She made an appeal unto arms. 

Ot course she .was conquered completely; 

My booty quite precious I found ; 
You'll find you can overcome neatly 
If only your foe you surround. 

— Brunonian. 
The Sophomores at Princeton are renowned for 
their athletic abilities. The class now holds the col- 
lege championship in base-ball, lawn tennis, and 

Edward Bellamy, the author of the now cele- 
brated "Looking Backward," was a classmate of 
President Webster, of Union College, in Union's 
class of 1868. 

The students of Williams have refused to render 
aid to the foot-ball team, and the captain and man- 
ager have retired from the field. 

Of the 362 colleges and institutions in this 
country, 271 are supported by religious denomina- 

The American school at Athens stands outside 
the city, about a mile from the palace of the king. 
From its roof can be seen the most famous places in 
Greek history. 

The Amherst Freshmen, in their physical meas- 
urements, exceed in several particulars the average 
of any class in the college. 


With upturned face upon a stool beside me, 
My love was sitting. Though no word was said, 
She spoke to me. I understood. I kissed her. 
The heart is sometimes wiser than the head. 

Till nearly twelve the course of love ran smoothly, 
And then, " 1 think," said she. with sudden start, 
" I hear papa." I understood and vanished. 
The head, sometimes, is wiser than the heart. 

— Brunonian . 
Dancing is part of the regular gymnasium exer- 
cise at Wellesley. 

In the last five years Exeter has had thirty-nine 
of her graduates on the Princeton, Yale, and Harvard 
foot-ball teams. 

3JE54 0r<El\5&/^ANUmC.TU REfy 


at low prices, send to 

W. IV. Ellis, Sta tioner, 

Artistic Work a Specialty. 

For Schools and Colleges. 


Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 



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ANOTHER of those nice blotters of which we have 
already made mention, shows a winged cherub 
carrying a Dictionary Holder under one arm and saying : 
"I am making a flying trip in the interest of education. 
The basis of education is the dictionary, aDd the base of 
'the dictionary should be a Noyes Holder. The valued 
unabridged is of little value unless it is getatable (look 
this word up). A book held edge up gets full of dust, 
soiled and spoiled unless hugged together with strong 
springs. Only the Holders manufactured by La Verne 
W. Noyes, the originator and inventor of Book Holders, 
have such springs." Send to him, at Chicago, a two-cent 
stamp to pay postage and receive in return this series of 


Straight But I}o. 1 


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than the price charged for the ordinary trade Cigarettes, will 
rind THIS BRAND superior to all others. 

The Richmond Straight Cut No. 1 Cigarettes 

are made from the brightest, most delicately flavored and high, 
est cost Gold Leaf grown in Virginia. This is the Old and 
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out by us in the year 1875. 

BEWAEE OF IMITATIONS, and observe that the firm mme as 
below is on every package. 

ALLEN & GINTER, Manufacturers, 


Thurston's * Piano * House 


Is one of the old, long established, and successful business houses of Maine. We 

believe in Maine. We first drew our breath in this good old State, and hope to 

draw our last here also. We have no time to enlarge on this point, 

but if you, or your friends are about to purchase a Piano 

or an Organ, a Stool, or a Cover, come right here 

and buy. You can't do better ; you might 

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SAMUEL THURSTON, 3 Free Street Block, 



Vol. XIX. 

No. 13. 




George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 
F. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 
George W. Blanchard, '90. T. S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. W. Moody, '90. H. W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 13.— January 29, 1890. 

Hancock Brook, 219 

Editorial Notes 219 

The Perplexities and Possibilities of the Young 

Journalist 222 

My Three Girls 223 

Plain Talk to the Nine, 224 

To My Room, 225 

Zeta Psi Convention 225 

Rhyme and Reason 226 

Exchanges 227 

Book Reviews, 227 

Collegii Tabula, 228 

Personal 230 

College World 231 

Hancock Brook. 

It is not now as it was then, 

Dear stream, when last I looked on thee; 
Thy world of joy, as mine with men, 

Hath ceased to be. 
'Tis past; and winter now is come 

To turn to dross thy summer's gold; 
Each hill seems distant; earth is dumb; 

The sun looks old. 
I scarcely can believe the moon 

Has filled but thrice since I was here. 
King August kept high court that noon 

When I drew near. 
His leafy world with wave-like rush, 

The quick whoop of the whip-poor-will 
And the slow treble of the thrush 

Were never still. 
And as the breezes went and came, 

The cardinal flowers beside thy brink 
In one long wavering fringe of flame 

Did shake and shrink. 

— H. Bernard Carpenter. 

If we were ^to^be allowed to put 
into £one sentence what would seem, from 
our undergraduate standpoint, the most per- 
tinent hint to the Faculty regarding our 
system of instruction, it would be this : 
That more attention ought to be paid to 
showing the mutual interdependence of the 
various branches pursued, so that the student 
may hold them before his mind, not as so 
many detached portions, but as an organic 
whole. This may be wide of the mark, if not 
presumptuous, but it seems to us that the 
student, looking at it as he does from the 
standpoint of his own experience, is often 
better qualified to render criticism than 
those moving in the upper air. We firmly 
believe that a large proportion of the slack 
work done by naturally good students, may 
be directly traced to this fundamental mis- 
conception. It is no infrequent thing to 
hear a naturally able fellow saying, " I won't 
grind on that, it isn't in my line and won't 
do me any good." But sooner or later 
towards the end of his course, he wakes up 
to the sad fact that it is one of the essential 
elements of a liberal education. The stool 
upon which he is sitting is a leg short, and 
he either has to go back and repair the fault, 
which in fact he seldom ever does, or go 
tipping and balancing on all through life. 
Now this never can be remedied by empty 
precept. The student has heard the old 
formulae, " Do your duty," " Be thorough," 



etc., ever since he struck the second reader. 
It may work on the " sunday-school boy" 
and " mamma's favorite," but to give any 
such gush to the independent-thinking college 
fellow amounts to no more than a gust of east 
wind. But once show him a reason, some- 
thing that appeals to that personal choice 
upon which he prides himself, and he will 
brighten up like a new being. For example, 
take the two studies, German and Mathe- 
matics. No man can get any real knowledge 
of the sciences without both of them. No 
man is educated to-day unless he can pick up 
a German treatise and read it with compara- 
tive ease, while mathematics runs through 
everything. But from our experience the 
underclassman who is taking them knows 
nothing about this fact. They are a " grind "; 
he sees no connection between them and the 
Senior studies to which he is looking forward, 
and, as a result, they are skimmed. Now a 
few words from the instructor explanatory 
of the organized system of knowledge, and 
the part which his separate branch plays 
therein, given not only at the beginning of 
the study but from time to time during its 
pursuit, would put the whole thing in a 
different light, and go a great way toward 
lessening our army of limping Seniors. 

TT7HE ultimate effect of the action of Harv- 
-*■ ard with respect to athletics, is a matter 
of no small importance to all the minor 
Western colleges, for, whatever may have 
been her success in the contests proper, the 
fact still remains, that in athletics, as in 
everything else, Harvard University is the 
leading spirit among American institutions 
of learning. Upon the coloring of sincerity, 
which she succeeds in giving to her de- 
cidedly unexpected action, and the inflexi- 
bility with which she maintains it, will 
depend in a large degree the purity of all 
New England athletics. However much 

envy may impel other colleges to throw 
mud at Harvard, we notice that they, pretty 
nearly all of them, try in their own petty 
ways to ape her manners and customs. It 
is because of this tendency that the outcome 
of the present state of affairs is so important. 
In the Crimson of the 16th instant there 
is a long editorial that seems to us to give a 
large show of sincerity to her whole action. 
Her withdrawal, coming as it did immedi- 
ately after defeat, could not fail to be 
interpreted as an indication of soreness ; 
but if, as the editorial in question seems to 
indicate, the move had been under consid- 
eration for a long time previous, it is 
certainly a matter of regret that the unfort- 
unate coincidence of the two events should 
place her in a wrong light. It appears that 
as early as the spring of 1888 it was voted 
that, in view of the undue prominence given 
to athletics and the excesses and abuses 
incident to intercollegiate contests, they 
should be confined to " Cambridge, New 
Haven, or such other New England town 
as the Committee on Athletics might desig- 
nate." This was subject to the ratification 
of the Athletic Committee, and has been 
under consideration ever since. So, at the 
worst, it would seem that the Princeton 
affair only precipitated matters. Such being 
the case, we would do well to cease our 
barking and watch the current. 

EVER since the Orient came under the 
present management it has been harping 
on the impropriety of publishing essays, and 
about all the satisfaction it has gotten out of 
it is that mighty few people read its edito- 
rials. At least that is the inference, for the 
aforesaid articles have kept coming in, and a 
goodly number of them now snuggle cozily 
in the north-east corner of our copy-draw. 
They are well, some of them ably, written ; 
in fact, we should judge that our new theme- 



corrector would award a high mark to them, 
should they reach his department. But it is 
by no means the best written thing that 
makes the best Orient article. As has been 
hinted before, in the selection of the next 
board of editors, two elements will be con- 
sidered, viz., the choice of subjects and the 
literary style. Our ideal would be to give 
one good, strong alumnus article, or else a 
story, in each issue, and to devote the rest of 
the space to bright, breezy, college-boy gossip 
and the discussion of strictly local or inter- 
collegiate topics. Of course we canuot 
always do this, from obvious reasons, for 
"bright" and "breezy" are bad words, and 
the " discussions " do not always materi- 
alize. But we trust contributors will see 
the point. 

TTTHE article published in our last issue on 
■*■ method in base-ball practice needs no 
additional comment. It is the voice of au- 
thority and experience, not of speculation. 
It covered in a comprehensive way the whole 
question of practice. There is, however, 
another not less important side of the ques- 
tion, which seems to us to be squarely set 
forth in another column of this issue. If we 
are going to meet with any success in ath- 
letics, we must be rigid. If there be any who 
do not like it, let them withdraw. It may 
hit hard at first, but a strict rule once adopted 
is sure to bear its fruit in a year or so. 
There has been too much child's play, all 
round, for the past two or three years. The 
man who is too good to practice, and too in- 
dependent (or weak-minded) to attend to 
business, has no place upon the team. It is 
not a good thing to let any man get the 
notion into his head that he is indispensable. 
We have been going on the " indispensable " 
plan long enough, and now let's have a 
change of programme. We cannot do any 

TTCCORDING to the article which appeared 
I *■ in last Saturday's Herald relative to the 
proposed Intercollegiate Field-Day, Colby and 
Bates are all burning up with enthusiasm. 
We would by no means question the sin- 
cerity of the fellows who were interviewed, 
nor is it at all improbable that the rest of the 
students would furnish them sufficient sup- 
port, but the Orient is staking its reputation 
as a prophet on the statement that before 
they get through they will encounter a wet 
blanket or so in the form of faculty opposition. 
Bowdoin tried to push this same scheme 
through last year, and met with plenty of 
approval, but precious little co-operation. 
We understand that the "powers " inspected 
the entrails, and, as the omens weren't pro- 
pitious, refused to let their charges cope. 
But Maine State College is a dark horse, 
Colby is under a new regime, and Bates is 
ambitious, so perhaps it will be brought about. 
Let us hope so, at any rate. 

JFHE Y. M. C. A. never stood before the 
*■ college in a better light than as mana- 
gers of the present course of lectures. It is 
practical Christianity, and shows a tendency 
to get away from the old subjective, emo- 
tional type and enter into sympathetic rela- 
tions with the mass. The college should 
appreciate the opportunities given them in 
this course and give due credit to the source 
from which they come. Such a move shows 
that the principle upon which the association 
acts, is the true one — manly and practical, 
not fanatical and selfish. We firmly believe 
that, fifty years from now, such an attitude 
will be looked back upon as far more indica- 
tive of a healthy Christian spirit in the col- 
lege than any so-called " revival." 

No student over twenty-one years old will be 
allowed to compete for a scholarship at Cornell 
after 1891. 




The Perplexities and Possibilities 
of the Young Journalist. 

By W. M. Emery, '89. 

THE gaping crowd, which always watches 
with admiring curiosity the operations 
of the numerous reporters seated about the 
press tables at some public meeting in a 
large city, invariably is possessed of these 
two thoughts : 

1. A newspaper man's life is a most 
fascinating one ; and 

2. The sole task of every reporter is to 
write down the things that happen in short- 
hand, which he knows, not from previous 
years of hard study, but simply by virtue 
of his calling, ex-officio, as it were. 

Are such surmises right ? 

Let us see. 

1. Variety is life's spice, and newspaper 
work is assumed to be fascinating from its 
variety. The reporter's business takes him 
into palatial mansion and humble cot; to 
scenes of the devoutest worship, and to 
wildest bacchanalian orgies ; to the gayety of 
the wedding feast, and to the mourning in 
the house of sorrow; to the busy mart or mill, 
and to the sequestered circles of study; to 
the Thespian temples where microcosmic 
comedies and tragedies are enacted, and to 
the temples of justice where daily are seen 
the funnier comedies and the more somber 
tragedies which mingle with real life. One 
hour the reporter interviews the Hon. 
Flatulent Folderol, M.C., at his magnificent 
residence, and the next he helps put into 
the hospital ambulance an unfortunate 
woman who attempted to take her own life 
in the midst of squalor and poverty. 

These various experiences, the grave and 
gay, the good and bad, alternate with each 
other in rapid succession, and, like the 

innumerable stones of the mosaic, form a 
harmonizing picture to which distance lends 
its enchantment, but which close proximity 
disintegrates into unattractive, unmeaning, 
and shapeless patches of color. 

Paradoxically speaking, in the reporter's 
life, variety becomes monotonous. Con- 
tinued excitation and perfunctory attend- 
ance at scenes of pleasure, pall nearly 
every former sense of enjoyment. The 
mind becomes glutted and wearied. The 
spiciness, the fascinations of variety vanish, 
and where once would have been exhilara- 
tion, now is the dull, dead, undeviating 
round of duty. The poetry of reporting is 
but a delusion ; the work is a prosaic reality. 
Divested of the glamour which unthinking 
imagination throws about it, the vocation is 
like any other, often laborious and disagreea- 
ble, and always imperious in its demands. 

2. So the reporter has nothing to do but 
to scribble short-hand ? It would surprise 
most people to learn that but very few of 
the writers for the metropolitan press are 
stenographers. Short-hand is no necessity 
to a newspaper office, for this reason : A 
wide-awake man, writing long-hand rapidly, 
can secure as good an abstract of the ordi- 
nary discourse as most papers care to print, 
while when a verbatim report is desired, 
the manuscript, even of an impromptu 
speech, can generally be obtained. The 
occasions when short-hand is helpful are 
rare, and the best authorities advise those 
with journalistic bees in their bonnets not 
to waste long precious years in the study of 
stenography, a thing vastly overdone at 

The reporter's duty, of course, is that of 
a news gatherer. Aside from such assign- 
ments as meetings, entertainments, and the 
like, there is a stated stamping ground for 
the reporter to cover, where a few notes 
taken to aid the memory can be written out 
at leisure. He must visit the undertakers, 



to get deaths and obituaries; the police 
stations, to garner the ungarnished annals of 
crime ; the morgues and the medical examin- 
ers' offices to learn of murders, suicides, and 
the like ; and half a dozen physicians must 
be asked daily what accidents they have at- 
tended. The seeker for truth must be on 
intimate terms, if he would know what is 
going on, with the " rounders " and men- 
about-town, who are full of valuable gossip, 
and he must court the society of the lawyers, 
the politicians, the police, the city officials, 
the ward physicians, the ambulance and hos- 
pital surgeons, — in short, of anybody and 
everybody who can give him an item. 
Hence, the more acquaintances the reporter 
has, the better he is fitted for efficient serv- 
ice. And he must keep his eyes and ears 
open at all times, and his wits about him ; 
he must learn the complexion of the street, 
and be on the watch for any eruption to 
show where something of vital importance 
has been taking place. Eternal vigilance is 
the price of getting all the news. 

All this requires patience, perseverance, 
and practice ; it cannot be acquired in a day. 
It is a work which calls to its aid, brains, 
and not the mere manual ability to glide 
glibly over a page, leaving pot-hooks and 
trammels, and other hieroglyphs in the wake 
of the pen. 

Would I advise college men to enter the 
journalistic ranks ? Most assuredly ; there 
is a call for educated men, and promotion 
comes to the deserving here as in any other 
occupation, while the field for original and 
distinguished work is one of the broadest. 
But you may not win fame or fortune in 
newspaperdom, you say. True ; and you 
may not in the law, or in medicine, or in 
whatever you undertake. No given profes- 
sion is the universal path to success, and in 
journalism, as in everything else, you must 
point your arrow high : " Not failure, but 
low aim, is crime." 

My Three Girls. 

Our Love-lorn Scribe Unbosoms Himself.— First 
Authentic Account op a College Boy's Girls on 

PAVING caught the import of the lessons 
for the morrow, I am sitting here with 
that dense, dozy relief which only the Senior 
knows, caved back in his dusty old easy- 
chair, resting his feet before the glowing 
grate. Visions of old girls come flitting back 
upon me, and, like specimens from a collec- 
tion of choice and ancient pipes, I lovingly 
take them up and examine them. 

Naturally, first comes to hand my college 
girl, a harmless, interesting toy, who has, 
without doubt, eased me of an occasional 
dreary hour or two, and of whom, in those 
darker, bluer, slightly desperate moods, I 
have, perhaps, sought that sympathetic balm 
which the man of hypochondriacal nature 
yearns for as his sovereign relief. And, 
considering its kind, the relief was admin- 
istered readily enough — almost too readily — 
so readily, in fact, that a mean sort of sus- 
picion alwa3 r s will creep over me that my 
comforter, whom in the ideal I would have 
my comforter alone, has served in the same 
sacred capacity before for some other fellow 
now skipped away, and that she has thus 
learned to detect the symptoms of masculine 
aberration, and with too feverish haste or 
too perfect nonchalance, according to her 
purpose and disposition, to apply herself to 
the cure. She is a comfort on which the 
patent has expired, a remedy which, by long- 
continued aj:>plication to generations of col- 
lege boys, has become rather too universal. 

I pick up my little vacation girl, and at 
the thoughts of her, for a moment my noble 
heart champs and paws, then subsides and 
grows tender as a sirloin steak. I give her 
a mental squeeze about as substantial as a 
dash of spray, and considerably warmer. I 
remember I used to call her " my little pink 



mouse," she climbed around so, and her 
searching red lips were so cool and appe- 
tizing, and because her ruby toes, between 
the rough rocks and the eating brine, were 
forever peeping in and out at hide and seek 
with me. I used to tell her, when her flying, 
sunburnt hair got in my eyes, that "her 
silken tresses reminded me of Lilliputian 
cobwebs, and that I always saw rainbows 
through them." She enjoyed hearing me 
lie to her so much that, for the whole 
round season, until I got back to college 
to this old easy-chair and these text-book 
facts, I didn't return to the paths of veracity. 
But, then, I tired of her. Who won't 
encounter satiety with nothing to do for 
six solid weeks but to loll with one, or a 
dozen girls ? I longed for these bachelor 
halls with their wholesome round of life — 
which thing makes me think I am cut out 
for a go-it-alone. 

My dear, old home girl ! Yes, with a 
clearing of my head and heart you came 
before me. Your cheek rests against my 
face, refreshing as a breeze on a sultry day. 
Your lips touch, cool as waters from the 
shade ; your voice is modulated like their 
easy gurgle. I am weary ; and my head 
drops upon your lap, and your soft hand 
upon my head so naturally, so restfully. 
And free from all constraint, we talk to- 
gether of old times and laugh and joke, 
conjure up the future, dread it a little, and 
return, simply as children, to ourselves. 
Yes, we have something in common — and 
you are honest and pure-hearted. That is 
the secret of our peace. You understand 
my moods so well, so unconsciously conform 
to them, and anoint from that store of sym- 
pathy, are so objectively solicitous about me, 
which, withal, is highly delightful to a some- 
what selfish being like myself. It is you 
alone whom, in my lonely moments, I sin- 
cerely admire and long for ; you alone 
whom I, mayhap, could wed. 

Plain Talk for the Nine. 

No Cigarettes or Intemperance. — Duties to the 
College, — Little Real Immorality.— Greatest 
Danger Comes Prom Smoking. — Its Victims Should 
be Cured or "Fired." 

TITHE man who habitually smokes cigarettes, 
•*■ drinks, or is otherwise immoral, has no 
business to offer himself as a candidate for 
the nine, the eleven, or any other college 
team. We wish this fact could be brought 
home so forcibly to the student-body that 
any athlete so doing would incur public 
odium. We do not wish to be interpreted 
as countenancing anything of the kind 
among students not members of college 
teams ; nor do we wish to turn the Orient 
into a temperance organ. We already have 
enough of that kind of gush, flavored with a 
liberal admixture of woman's suffrage garlic, 
to disgust a good many men who would 
otherwise give the reform their active sup- 

The point to be brought out is simply 
this : The honor of the college is at stake ; 
nine men are selected to represent it ; two 
hundred fellows give money for their sup- 
port and eagerly watch their everj^ move- 
ment ; the young alumni are looking to 
them with anxious eyes ; the fitting schools 
are watching them critically; in short, for 
seven or eight weeks they are the center of 
attraction in our educational circle. Now we 
say that a man who accepts a position like 
that, and then right in the face of the col- 
lege goes and does something that he knows 
and everybody else knows will impair his 
nervous energy, is not doing the square 
tiling. It is not exactly honorable. " But," 
we hear some one say, " are not men free 
moral agents ? What right have you to say 
what a man shall or shall not do, just because 
he happens to be smart enough to get on the 
team ? " We have just this right, my good 
friend : The private citizen, if we may use 
the term, is free to do as he likes, as far as 



any special claims of the student-body go. 
If he wants to go to the dogs, he can go, and 
it is nobody's business. But the moment he 
becomes a member of a college team, he ac- 
cepts certain unwritten obligations. His 
actions affect somebody else besides himself, 
and therefore he is not free to abuse himself. 
He owes the college the best there is in him, 
and if, as may frequently be the case, he can 
continue in harmful practices, and still do 
better work than some men who are sober 
and faithful, that is no excuse for him what- 
ever. The better the man the more impor- 
tant the position he will occupy, and the 
more important the position, the greater the 
obligations attendant thereupon. 

We are not aware that we have suffered 
to any extent from either drinking or the 
other common form of immorality. Under 
the present high moral status any such injury 
certainly could not have been great. The 
strong adverse sentiment now prevailing in 
the college would tend to keep it dark, if 
there were any. But, of the less condemned 
but really more mischievous habit of cigarette 
smoking, we have certainly had examples 
enough to open our eyes. It is no use to 
mince the matter or attempt any other 
excuse for some of our recent defeats. It 
is a fact patent to the whole college. The 
cigarette smoker has no nerve at critical 
points. He cannot be relied upon, and 
should either be cured or " fired." It may 
strike hard, but we must consult the greatest 
good for the greatest number. If the habit 
is allowed in one case it will grow, as in 
fact it has done. 

This may be radical, but certainly it is 
not too much so. We believe in meeting 
things boldly and courageously. We are 
not running a sugar refinery. 

To My Room. 

Year after year, the same, yet not the same, 
The sunlight comes, as in the days gone by, 
Kissing thy western windows in a fond good-night. 
The winter winds howl mournfully, rattling thy 

And at night thy lighted windows shine just as of yore. 
But where are those to whom thy walls were home ? 
Rooming alone or with some friend, as we do now. 
Ah ! Some have gone the way of all mankind, 
Whose lives were marked by usefulness and honor, 
Whether in public or in private life. 
May we, who still remain where they once were, 
Learn from their lives the lesson which they teach, 
That principle and effort make the man. 

In the last fifty years out of the whole number of 
appointments to West Point only one-third have 

Zeta Psi Convention. 

Held at New York. — General Prosperity. — New 
Directory. — Next Convention in California. 

TITHE forty-fourth annual session of the 
•*• Grand Chapter of Zeta Psi was held at 
the Zeta Psi Club House in New York City, 
January 3d and 4th. A large number of 
delegates were in attendance, nearly every 
chapter and alumni association being repre- 

Hon. William L. Pierce, of Chicago, pre- 
sided at the business sessions, which occupied 
two days. The fraternity was reported to 
be in a most prosperous financial condition. 
Arrangements were made for the publishing 
of the new fraternity song book, which will 
be issued by the first of April. Also for a 
new directory containing the name of every 
member of the fraternity, which will be one 
of the most complete fraternity directories 
ever issued. 

The hospitality of the New York brothers 
was unbounded. The time between ses- 
sions was occupied with drives and dinners. 
Friday evening the delegates attended the 
presentation of " Aunt Jack " at the Madison 
Square Theatre. 

The convention closed with a banquet at 
Delmonico's, at which prominent members 



of the fraternity and invited guests paid 
high tribute to the worth of Zeta Psi. 

Taken all in all it was one of the most 
successful conventions of the fraternity ever 
held. It could not well be otherwise in the 
present splendid condition of the society. 
It is probable that the next meeting will be 
held in California, at the invitation of the 
chapters in that state. 

R^yme and Reason- 


Ye branches black and ragged 
That before my chamber window rise and fall, 
Waving like flickering shadows in the wind 

Against the heaven's dismal wall. 

Tell me, O branches, tell me 
Are ye wizard fingers, weaving mystic spell, 
Or writing on the tablet of the sky 

Strange symbols that my fate foretell ? 

Can it be 1 fear ye ? 
Fear some evil from your weird prophetic signs? 
Yea, elms, your very silence is more dreadful 

E'en than the murmuring of the pines. 

They beckon in the moonlight. 
Fain would I sleep were not the night so filled with 

Did not some shadowy sword-blade, Damoclean, 

Swing in fancy o'er my head. 


In ulster and cape, 

To show off his shape, 
The skater now donneth his skates, 

And with movement precise 

He skims o'er the ice 
And upon its smooth surface gyrates. 

Spread eagle and scroll — 

And the long outer roll — 
No trick is too subtle for him, 

And with manner blase 

He strives to display 
That he always has been in the " swi) 

Now here and now there, 

With a la-de-da air, 
He speeds at quite wonderful rates, 

And the small boys all shout, 

As he circles about, 
" Get on to the jay on the skates." 

But alas for us all 

Who skate on our gall — 

There's a crash that is awful to hear, 
With infinite grace 
He slides on his face, 

And waltzes around on his ear. 


A Toast. 
I can ne'er forget the smiles of those old girls of 

Who used to go like snow-birds, tripping in and 

The school-yard with their bright eyes and their 

ruddy cheeks 
Peeping shyly from beneath the warm, white hoods. 
I can ne'er forget the sidelong glances and 
The bashful looks of those old boyish loves of mine — 
And, even now, earth has no joy that's half so pure 
As when vacation brings those same sweet faces back 

to me. 
They greet me always with a smile so frank and 

And in their eyes the same old light I used to know, 
That then there conies to me the glad reality, 
That there, at least, I find a greeting that's sincere. 
And so, my boys, e're for the night we part, come let 
Us fill again the goblets, while we drink the health 
Of those old, boyish loves of mine. 


Pains in back, legs, and arms, 

That no drug ever calms, 
In a state of fine, frenzy our poor systems keep. 

For our heads are no balms, 

As mid constant alarms 
We endure the new fad, that is known as la grippe. 

To be sure it is new, 

And 'tis popular, too, 
For 'tis English, 'tis French, and 'tis Russian you 
know ; 

But between me and you 

There will be not a few 
Who will bite and get sold, for it always was so. 



They will cough, and they'll sneeze, 

They'll snuffle, and wheeze, 
Taken in by this latest from over the deep. 

Yes, blown by the breeze, 

Over turbulent seas, 
Was this grim and perverse omnipresent la grippe. 


She's a guileless little fem-sem 

With her head chock-full of knowledge, 
And she's got a curious notion 

That she wants to go to college. 

If she dotes on ancient fossils 

And the tales of Thor and Woden, 

She may go to Bates or Colby 

But — she cannot come to Bovvdoin. 


The Michigan University Chronicle comes out in 
an editorial speaking of Freshman loneliness, and 
says that the poor foundlings in that institution com- 
plain bitterly of their situation. It urges upon upper- 
classmen the necessity of attending to their duties 
as comforters and as social beings. Without doubt 
the mere light alone of a Senior's countenance does 
the Freshman an immense amount of good, and if he 
can afford the time to converse with the youngling 
the beneficent influences are infinitely multiplied. 
Under the system of society dining clubs prevailing 
in our own college, however, the Freshman is bound 
to get all these benefits anyway, for here the Senior, 
in the presence of the lowerclassmen, beams forth 
with the warmest possible glow and lets drop wisdom 
in its most soluble forms. Even the least receptive 
Freshman cannot fail to absorb considerable quanti- 
ties of this. To such facts, in large measure, must 
be ascribed the surprising progress made by the 
ordinary young human during his first year. 

A part of the editorials in the Kent's Hill Breeze 
read as if their author had been poring over some 
psychology. At all events they show an insight of 
the human intellect which is well applied to the 
average student. For a publication of its grade the 
editorials are exceptionally excellent. 

The Bales Student appears with a couple of 
stories — very good ones, by the way — one of which, 
the shorter, is worthy of reprint by any evangel- 
ical publication in the land, or even by the 

American Tract Society. The editorial and literary 
articles are characterized by a distinctively moral 
tone but seem to touch little on college matters. The 
Student runs some good poetry. 

The Wesleyan Argus says base-ball practice is 
opening at Wesleyan much earlier than usual and 
under better system. It asserts that with proper 
training of material there is reason to expect that 
the good work of last season's team may be more 
than duplicated. 

The Colby Echo contains a communication ably 
arguing against the compulsory system of chapel at 
Colby and especially against its old-fashioned entan- 
glement with the ranking system, whereby a chapel 
cut means a cut in rank. The lengthy editorial re- 
ply is necessarily inadequate for meeting this prod- 
uct of modern civilized thought which every day is 
becoming more vigorous and more universally ac- 

The Ladder of Journalism. How to climb it. By T. 
Campbell Copeland. Published by Allan Forman, 117 
Nassau Street, New York, 1889. Price 50 cents. 
It is pretty well known that a considerable amount 
of generalship is required to run a newspaper of any 
importance, but few, we suppose outside of the pro- 
fession, have any adequate conception of the elabo- 
rate and intricate machinery of the management of a 
large metropolitan daily. The author of this most 
valuable little book sketches the duties of each of 
the staff, from the reporter to the chief-editor, and 
points out to the neophyte the only way by which he 
can hope to attain any lasting success in the field of 
journalism. His suggestions are drawn from a rich 
and varied experience in this work, and are most 
pointedly presented. In the concluding chapter, 
speaking of the college graduate in journalism, he 
says: " He must know men rather than books, and 
this cannot be gained in any university. We would 
not for a moment underestimate the value of a college 
education. The four years' training should form a 
solid foundation upon which to build the future super- 
structure. It is the youth whose 'education is fin- 
ished' when he graduates from college who has no 
place in journalism. In newspaper work, probably 
more than in any other profession, the earnest, active 
worker is learning every day, his education is never 
finished. . . . Remember that journalism is the 
hardest profession in the world. The hours are 
twenty-four every day, seven days in the week, and 



fifty-two weeks in the year. Your work will never 
be done, and the more successful you are the harder 
you will have to work. You snatch a vacation, but 
the presses keep grinding on and you've got to keep 
pace with them or drop out of the profession. There 
are hundreds eager to take your place. You can 
have few home comforts, as they are known to other 
men ; you must in most cases turn night into day in 
your work, and for this you get possibly five thou- 
sand dollars a year. Think it over carefully, and 
consider if the game is worth the candle." 

Natural History Object Lessons. A Manual/or Teach- 
ers. By George Ricks, B.S.C. (Lond.). Boston, D. C. 
Heath & Co., 1889. Pp. 350. 

There is no study so stimulating and broadening 
for the young learner as the study of the plants and 
animals of the region in which he lives. It gives 
him an idea of the eternal order and fitness of things 
that he would get in no other way. It cultivates a 
habit of close observation. It fosters, too, that spirit 
of inquiry, which, when manifested in undesirable 
form we are prone to call vulgar curiosity, but which, 
directed into proper channels, is the foundation of 
all scientific research. The introduction of natural 
history in an attractive form into our public schools 
is a step in the right direction, and one which we 
think will soon be taken in all our larger cities. 
This volume is designed to aid teachers in present- 
ing the subject in the most instructive and entertain- 
ing manner, and seems to us eminently well fitted 
for the purpose. 

The greater jJart of the Harvard Monthly for this 
month is taken up by the third, fourth, and fifth acts 
of " The Lady of the Sea," a play of Henrik Ibsen, 
which has been very happily rendered by Mr. G. R. 
Carpenter. The literary section is concluded by "A 
Summer's Gift," a short poem of some merit, by 
Algernon Tassan. There is a letter from Mr. J. R. 
Finlay, presenting a view of college feeling in 
championship contests not commonly held. There 
is also an editorial — not a strong one — defending 
Harvard's withdrawal from the foot-ball league. 

The French government has instructed M. de 
Coubertin to visit the universities and colleges of the 
United States, in order to study the working of the 
various athletic associations frequented by the young 
people in these institutions. If France would intro- 
duce base-ball and boxing into her institutions, her 
chances at knocking out Germany would be mate- 
rially increased. 

The following beautiful sonnet was 
found in the room of Poco Pendleton : 
My Wallie's lost, and all my hopes are 

The darling's prattle round the room is still, 
And no fresh hope my aching heart doth fill. 
'Twas Prexie's bow and Cupid's dart that led 
My Joy and Care his future hopes to wed. 

O thou, the dearest of my flock, until 
You learned the pleasures of the cooing bill, 

The Tempter on such lips should ne're have fed. 
Fair Venus, turn and guide his feet aright ; 
The theory's true, the practice of it 's not, 
That man should call on ladies every night. 
Think once again of me, and my hard lot, 

Those family smiles strayed from their lofty height, 
Of me with all my tennis goods to rot. 

Joe has laid in a fine new stock of fencing goods. 
A full course of instruction under Wallie thrown in 
with every pair of foils. 

Several of the students gave an entertainment at 
West Bath recently, for the benefit of the West Bath 
Good Templars. 

The Maine Central is to erect an elegant stone 
station here next summer. Bill Fields must move. 
They say he has petitioned to the Faculty for a lot 
on the campus. Considerable lobby influence will 
doubtless be brought to bear. 

Two Bowdoin Alumni Associations have held 
meetings this week. One, January 28th, at Wash- 
ington, where addresses were delivered by Chief 
Justice Fuller and Speaker Tom Reed, and another 
at Boston, January 29th. President Hyde and Pro- 
fessor Hutchins represented the college at Boston. 

Webb, '90, Cilley, '91, J. D. Merryman, '92, and 
Bucknam, '93, represented the Bowdoin Y. M. C. A. 
at the College Conference held at Middletown.Conn., 
January 24th, 25th, and 26th. 

Spring has recovered from his recent illness and 
rejoined his class. 

Several of the students are becoming proficient in 
the fistic art under the able instruction of Parker, '91. 

Osborne, '92, and Jones, '93, are at home sick. 



Two college organizations, the Glee Club and the 
Foot-ball Eleven have been "snapped" by the 
Brunswick photographer recently. 

The Freshman gym leaders are Ridley, Machan, 
and Bucknain. 

The Debating Club have elected officers for this 
term as follows : President, Chandler ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Cilley; Secretary, Hunt, '91 ; Treasurer, Nel- 
son ; Editors, Moody and Mcl'ullough ; Executive 
Committee, Ridley, P. C. Newbegin, Sears. 

Did anybody ever notice how particular the col- 
lege choir is never to sing the whole of a hymn? If 
there are four verses we always hear the first, second, 
and fourth ; if three, the first and third. How about 

The Juniors have about two weeks more in which 
to blow themselves up in the Laboratory. The room 
will then be made ready for the use of Bowdoin's 
embryo physicians. 

The sale of reading-room papers occurred the 
18th. Nestor Brown officiated, and the oily tones of 
his silver voice persuaded many a man to part with a 
dime, in exchange for the wherewith to improve his 

Practice for the athletic exhibition has commenced 
in the gym, under the direction of Fish, '91. 

The Y. M. C. A. course of lectures is proving 
deservedly popular. The first lecture of the course 
was given in Memorial Hall, January 23d, by W. 
H. Parsons, of New York, on " Some Things Essen- 
tial to Business Success." Mr. Parsons possesses a 
pleasing delivery and held the closest attention of 
his audience throughout. The second lecture will 
be February 4th, by Prof. H. L. Chapman, on "Ten- 
nyson's Princess." 

Among the officers recently elected by the Pejep- 
scot Canoe Club, Bowdoin is represented by Mate 
Young and Purser Fish. 

Scene, History recitation : Prof. — " How did Mary 
happen to fall in love with Philip when she had 
never seen him ?" Mr. P. (the victim) — " He sent her 
his photograph." Prof. — " Carefully avoid anachron- 
ism. Photography was not invented in the fifteenth 

The first meeting of the debating club for the 
winter term was held in Lower Memorial, Tuesday 
evening. The question for discussion was, "Resolved, 
That in the Gladstone-Blaine controversy, in the 
North American Review, Mr. Blaine has the better 
of the argument. Hutchinson and Coding put in 
some good backing for Mr. Blaine, while Morse and 

Dyer argued ably in favor of the " grand old 
man." The subject for the next meeting will be an- 
nounced later. 

It is a scheme of the base-ball management to 
play several of the league games next spring, in 
Portland. Without doubt Portland will turn out a 
large crowd to witness a good game of ball and our 
treasury would soon be perceptibly augmented. 

Several smooth patches of ice upon the campus 
after the recent rain, invited many of the students, 
more of the small town boys, and even one of the 
Faculty to hunt up the skates and sally forth for a 

Rev. E. M. Cousins, 77, of Cumberland Mills, ad- 
dressed the Y. M. C. A., Sunday, January 19th. 

The Glee Club has chosen officers as follows : 
President, George F. Freeman ; Director, F. E. 
Simpson; Manager, O. W. Turner ; Executive Com- 
mittee, Simpson, Hastings, Freeman, Turner. 

Speaking of the discussion of the Gladstone-Blaine 
tariff controversy by the Bowdoin Debating Club, 
one of the funny Maine papers says that undoubtedly 
the gentleman defeated will feel deeply hurt. Not a 
very bad hit either! We know a good thing when we 
see it, even if it is on ourselves. Call round, friend 

Thursday, January 30th, day of prayer for Col- 
leges. Adjourns. 

A Senior, rooming in North Winthrop, has 
been complaining to Mr. Booker for the past 
six weeks on account of the cellar window in 
that end being left open. The blasts of winter 
were won't to whistle " in no uncertain way" through 
that open window and from thence through the spa- 
cious cracks in the floor, until they could sport caress- 
ingly about the feet of the Senior as he stretched his 
legs away under the shadow of his rich pine table. 
At last Mr. Booker awoke and fastened up the win- 
dow. Next morning any one who happened to be 
astir at a sufficiently early hour, had he cast his eyes 
in the direction of North Winthrop, might have seen 
a man with a wild, haggard look in his eyes, chasing 
himself up and down in front of that end. Had any 
one ventured to address him, the wild-eyed individ- 
ual, being a Y. M. C. A. man, would probably have 
stopped and given utterance to a few verses of 
scripture, bearing on the man "who don't know any 
more than to fasten that fiendish soprano tom-cat 
under my room. The beast has done nothing but 
howl ' God save the Queen ' ever since nine o'clock 
last night. Do you see this brick? Well, it is look- 
ing for Booker," — etc., ad infinitum. Suffice it to 



say the janitor was again invoked and before night 
the lovelorn feline was rescued from the cellar and 
now reposes in a place of honor in the Biological 

Brown, '91, lectured in Friendship, Saturday, on 
French History. 

Godfrey, '91, is confined to his room by illness. 

The Bates boys have lost their base-ball pennant. 
Well, well, Bates, that is a pretty trick, but then you 
would have lost it in the spring anyway, you know, 
so it really doesn't make much difference. 

Wood, '92, has returned to college, after downing 
the gripe. 

Morse, '90, and Cummings, '93, are among the 
latest victims of the destroyer. 

A very tasty book-plate has recently been received 
by the librarian, to be placed in books given by the 
Bond Book Fund. The donors of the Sibley Fund 
have also presented an attractive plate to be used 
in their books. 

Many new periodicals as indexed in Poole have 
lately been added to the library. 

Work in the gym is being made much more at- 
tractive this year than ever before. 'Ninety and 
'ninety-one are receiving a thorough course of train- 
ing in fencing and single stick work, while '92 and 
'93 wield dumb-bell and club respectively. Professor 
Whittier is also giving those who desire it, instruc- 
tion in tumbling and bar movements. 

The long-awaited Toby Lyons, of the Syracuse 
team, has arrived, and assumed charge of the nine 
in the gym. He begins with a course of hand-ball, 
aud later will take up batting. Burleigh, Downes, 
Hilton, and Gately will train for the box, and ought 
to develop some fine points. 

Tutor Tolman delivered the poem at the recent 
alumni dinner in Portland. It was a fine effort, and 
was printed in full in both the Portland papers. 

Professor Lee has resumed his duties after a 
wrestle with the grip. 

Professor Robinson responded to a toast at the 
alumni dinner recently held at Portland. 

C. A. Stevens, the popular writer, offers to Bio- 
logical students three prizes of $175, $125, and $100 
each for the best three microscopic slides representing 
the blood capillaries in young and aged tissue, canine 
or human. The object is to verify his own researches 
as to the causes of failing nutrition in aging organ- 
isms. For further particular see posted circulars. 

Professor Lee recently lectured before the students 
of Fryeburg Academy on "The Straits of Magellan." 

'22.— Rev. D. D. Tappan 
died at Topsfield, Mass., 
January 15th. Mr. Tappan was born 
in Newburyport, October 20, 1798. 
is father was Samuel Tappan, an old-time 
ihoolmaster. After a course of study at 
Phillips Academy, Andover, and with his cousin, the 
late Rev. Benjamin Tappan, of Augusta, Me., Mr. 
Tappan entered Bowdoin College as a Sophomore, 
and graduated in the class of 1822. He studied theol- 
ogy in Dr. N. W. Taylor's first class in the Yale Theo- 
logical School. Mr. Tappan preached constantly 
for fifty-five years, and during the last ten years of 
his life frequently officiated as a clergyman. Mr. 
Tappan was a Congregationalist, and more than fifty 
years ago he was settled in Alfred and VVinthrop, 
Me. He also preached at East Marshfield, Mass., 
Farmington, N. H., Wakefield, N. H., and at Weld, 
Me. Mr. Tappan was three times married, and sur- 
vived his last wife. He left a daughter and three 

'34.— Professor J. H. Cofiin, U. S. N. (retired), 
died Wednesday, January 8th, at his residence in 
Washington, D. C. He was in his seventy-fifth year. 
Prof". Coffin was born in Wiscasset, Me., September 
14, 1815. He was graduated at Bowdoin College in 
1834. Two years later he was appointed professor 
of mathematics in the United States navy, and in 
1843 he was placed in charge of the United States naval 
observatory in Washington, which position he held 
until 1853. Afterward he was intrusted with the de- 
partment of mathematics, and subsequently that of 
astronomy and navigation, at the United States naval 
academy. In 1865 he was appointed to the charge 
of the " American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac," 
then published in Cambridge, Mass., but since 1867 
in Washington. In this capacity he remained until 
1877, when he was placed on the retired list, having 
been senior jirofessor of mathematics since 1848. He 
continued his residence in Washington. Prof. Coffin 
was a member of the American Academy of Sciences, 
Boston ; the American Philosophical Society, Phila- 
delphia, and was one of the original members of the 
National Academy of Sciences. In 1884 he received 
the honorary degree of LL.D., from Bowdoin. He 
has written a large number of papers on scientific 



'33. — Rev. George F. Tewksbury has removed 
from Canibridgeport, Mass., to Oxford, Maine. 

'40. — Dr. Samuel L. Young has moved from 
Gloucester, Mass., to South Portland, Maine. 

'58. — George B. Towle has removed from Med- 
way to New York City. His address is 20, East 
127th Street. 

'60. — Rev. Chas. S. Perkins, formerly of Boston, 
has settled in Lyndon, Vt. 

'62.— Rev. Ellis R. Drake, of Northfield, Mass., 
is preaching in Eureka, Kan. 

'77. — "Among those mentioned for the office of 
Probate Judge of Cook County, 111., is William G. 
Beale now President of the Board of Education of 
Chicago. His well-known ability, his promptness in 
the dispatch of public business, and his popularity 
among the leading young Republican business and 
professional men of the city," says the Chicago 
Tribune, " would make his appointment an eminently 
. fit one." It is understood, however, that Mr. Beale 
declines to be considered a candidate. 

'79. — Seward S. Stearns, of Norway, Me., has 
been appointed Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue 
for Second District. 

'85. — Mr. Frank I. Brown, who has been for the 
past four years principal of the Hopkinton (Mass.) 
High School, has resigned and moved to Bethel, 

'86. — George S. Berry is principal of the high 
school at Hartford, Vt. 

'89. — E. L. Adams has resigned the prineipalship 
of the academy at Mclndoes Falls, Vt., and accepted 
the more lucrative one of the Hopkinton (Mass.) 
High School. 

'89. — B. C. Carroll is in business at Montague, 

'89. — W. D. Gilpatric is teaching school at Flying 
Point, Scarboro. 

'89. — C. H. Harriman is principal of the high 
school at Littleton, Mass. 

'89. — G. W. Hayes is studying law at San Jose, 

'89. — A. E. Neal was recently appointed Justice 
of the Peace. 

'89. — Lory Prentiss has been gymnastic instructor 
in the training school for Christian Workers at 
Springfield, Mass., since September 1st. 

Ex-'89. — A. W. Preston is principal of the high 
school at Sharon, Conn. 

'89. — George Thwing entered Boston University 
Law School, January 1st. His address is No. 18, 
Pinckuey Street. 

ColUe Wopld. 

A recent issue of the Crimson contains some 
interesting statistics on " College Men in Congress." 
In the present Congress nearly one-half the Senators 
and Representatives are graduates of the academical 
department of some college. They are distributed 
as follows : 

Yale 10. 

Harvard, 9. 

Princeton, Washington, and Jefferson, each, . . 7. 

University of North Carolina, 6. 

Cumberland University (Tenn.), 5. 

University of Michigan, University of Virginia, 

Hamilton, Dickinson, Washington and Lee, 

De Pauw, Indiana State University, each, . 4. 

Bowdoin, University of Alabama, Union, Miami, 

Lombard, University of South Carolina, 

University of Wisconsin, each, 3. 

Dartmouth, Amherst, Williams, Oberlin, Brown, 
Iowa State University, Western Reserve, 
Wesleyan, Missouri State University, Uni- 
versity of Tennessee, Mercer, McKendree, 
Wabash, University of Georgia, each, . . 2. 
Twenty-five others (names not given) have one 

Doctor Andrews, of Brown University, at a recent 
banquet tendered him by the Providence Commercial 
Club, made a speech in behalf of co-education for 

The Bishop of Richmond recently preached a 
sermon on foot-ball to a specially invited congrega- 
tion of over one thousand people at St. James Church, 
Bedford, England. He praised the game and 
claimed that his foot-ball experience seemed to be to 
him a very valuable part of Ids education. 



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Is one of the old, Ions; established, and successful business houses of Maine. 

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3 Free Street Block, 



Vol. XIX. 


No. 14. 





George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 

F. J. Allen, '90. Business Editor. 

George W. Blanchard, '90. 
J. M. W. Moody, '90. 
T. C. Spillane, '90. 
A. V. Smith, '90. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

T. S. Burr, '91. 
H. W. Jarvis, '91. 
C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. 
E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applies, 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com. 
innniciitions in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post.Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XIX., No. 14.— February 12, 1890. 

Editorial Notes . 233 


The Angelus, 230 

Gleanings from the Alumni Reunions, at Boston, 

Washington, and Portland, 237 

Play Ball 241 

'Ninety-Two's Opportunity, 241 

Rhyme and Reason 242 

Exchanges, 243 

Collegii Tabula 244 

Personal, 245 

In Memoriam, 246 

College World 247 

pages to this issue, in 
order to give our readers in a compact form 
those features of some of the recent alumni 
reunions which it is especially desirable to 
preserve for future reference. We regret 
our inability to give some of the New York 
speeches. It will also be noticed that we 
have made a slight break in the series of 
articles by recent alumni, for the purpose of 
inserting " The Angelus." We feel espe- 
cially fortunate in being able to secure this 
article, coming as it does at the inner, spirit- 
ual side of this great work of art, rather than 
the outer, sensational aspect in which it has 
been flaunted before the public. The series 
will be continued in the next issue by an 
article from Mr. Owen, '89, entitled "The 
Outlook in Religion," which well illustrates 
the liberal spirit now dominant at Andover. 

JPHE college seems to have at last awak- 
■*■ ened to the true attitude on the matters 
of society feeling and the ball-nine. We 
publish another contribution in the same line 
in this issue, which is of interest to all. It 
seems to be a notion some have, that a man 
must be a Psi U, a Theta Delt, or a D K E, 
etc., first and a Bowdoin man afterwards. 
The fellow who starts out on any such narrow 
basis as that will never become a leader in 
anything very large. 



TT7HERE is perhaps no place where the pres- 
-*• ence of death brings a gloom so strange 
and unnatural as at college. No one thinks 
of it, no one even dreams of it. Life, youth, 
health, enjoyment — these are the refrain 
the old halls sing. We are always ready to 
accord to woman the possession of the 
strongest affections and the deepest grief, 
but, after all, it is hard to find emotions more 
true, more tender, more sincere than those 
which flow from the free-hearted, happy-go- 
lucky college boy when once he is brought 
face to face with a great sorrow. His feel- 
ings are ill expressed, half-bashful, awkward, 
but such as they are they come from the 
depths of true heart. But seldom in its 
nearly a hundred years of history has the 
college seen death within its very halls. 
Bright, cheerful, healthy fellows sometimes 
leave us and die quietly at their homes ; the 
sad tidings are brought back to us, and for a 
moment there is a hush. Sympathetic words 
are spoken; little circles of his intimate 
friends get together of an evening and talk 
sadly of the departed, forgetting his faults 
and conjuring up with tender care the recol- 
lections of his virtues and manliness. But 
the wheels keep on turning, there is no lull. 
Not so the death that comes in our midst. 
The cold, pallid face lying in the once cheer- 
ful room, the dreary stillness of the hallways, 
the sad faces and bowed heads at chapel, the 
strong and heartfelt prayer, the hymn by the 
Glee Club — that is not a glee club at all — the 
long line of students following the hearse 
across the campus and down the familiar 
street to the station, and above all the strange 
silence that seems to brood over the whole 
scene — all these remain in the memory for 
many a year, perhaps forever. Old enmities 
fade away, old society lines are broken down, 
and IV.r one little moment it seems as if God 
had bidden us be silent, reverent, and full 
of brotherly love in the presence of his 

awful mysteries. It is then, if ever, that we 
get a glimpse of the better side of our own 
natures, and are, perhaps, more surprised than 
any one else at what we find. 

Henry Prentiss Godfrey, of the class of 
'91, was born in Bangor, in November, 1869, 
which city has always been his home. He 
fitted for college at the Bangor High School, 
and entered Bowdoin in the autumn of '87, 
but remained in college but a little more 
than one term of his Freshman year, being 
obliged to leave on account of a trouble with 
his eyes. He went to Boston, and was there 
treated so effectively that about the middle 
of his Sophomore year he was able to return 
and continue his studies, with the assistance 
of readers. He thus continued to improve 
in sight, and make good progress with his 
back-work, up to the present term. During 
the latter part of the holiday vacation he 
complained of not feeling well, but suppos- 
ing it the grippe, thought to come back to 
college and work it off. He rapidly grew 
worse, however, and the fever fastened upon 
him. After a run of ten days it proved 
fatal. He received the best of care from the 
boys of his fraternity (the J. K. £'.), from 
his nurse, Mr. Stiles of the Medical Depart- 
ment, and from Dr. Mitchell, Professor in 
the Medical Department. Mr. Godfrey was 
a man of large frame and magnificent devel- 
opment, being one of the strongest all-round 
men ever measured under the Sargent system. 
He was a man of absolutely no vices, a prac- 
tical Christian and a genuine philanthropist. 
Being wealthy, he laid aside, each year, an 
allowance to devote to charitable and philan- 
thropic purposes. He spoke in different 
parts of the State during the last campaign, 
as a prohibitionist, and founded, in his native 
city, a young people's temperance society. 
He was also the founder and President of 
the Kenduskeag Debating Club, in Bangor. 
He has always taken a great interest in the 



poor of his own city, and while in Boston 
being treated for his eyes, was an active 
member of one of the humane societies of 
that city. He was a man of literary tastes, 
being especially fond of poetry; Longfellow, 
Whittier, and Holmes were his favorites. 
He was also an admirer of Poe's prose 
works. His home relations were everything 
that could be wished for, his residence being 
one of the finest in Bangor. He possessed 
wealth, ability, and high ideals — everything 
that goes to make life happy and useful. 
His works the world must lose; his exam- 
ple remains. 

OAYS the Lewiston Journal, in speaking of 
Y^ the article in our last issue relative to 
strict morality among base-ball men : " The 
Bowdoin Orient sensibly protests against 
placing upon the college ball-nine, foot-ball 
team, or boat-crew, any man ' who habitually 
smokes cigarettes, drinks, or is otherwise im- 
moral,' but accompanies its good suggestion 
with an unnecessary sneer at temperance 
reformers." Probably the sentence referred 
to was this : " We already have enough of 
that kind of gush [i.e., temperance truisms,] 
flavored with a liberal admixture of women's 
suffrage garlic, to disgust a good many men 
who would otherwise give the reform their 
active support." We are rather inclined 
to admit the pertinency of the criticism, for 
the sentence was, at least, " unnecessary." 
But, barring its want of application to the 
question under discussion, the statement is a 
sadly true one. There are a great many 
men, temperance at heart, who are repelled 
from some of the now popular organizations, 
by the attempt of over-zealous women's suf- 
fragists to push their debated reform before 
the public as a " rider " to the practically 
undebated one of temperance, that is, unde- 
bated as to the necessity of a reform of some 
kind. It is generally conceded that mixed 

reforms are seldom successful. The Op^ient 
is for temperance, first, last and all the time, 
but it is not for women's suffrage, and, least 
of all, for saddling it upon the back of an- 
other reform, which certainly has hard 
enough time to fight its own battles. The 
Journal, through the medium of its large 
circulation, will kindly put our somewhat 
effervescent little sheet, and the old college 
it represents, in the proper light before the 

THHE alumni reunions come to us this year 
•*■ bringing their usual encouragement and 
inspiration. But, after all, we undergradu- 
ates cannot help experiencing just a bit of 
alloy mixed with the pleasure which the 
words and doings of those staid old fellows 
always bring to us, because just now they 
seem to be neglecting the old institution a 
little. The college cannot grow much more 
until it receives pecuniary assistance. If 
we rightly apprehend the spirit of the pres- 
ent administration, no more students will be 
admitted than there is ample preparation for. 
Bowdoin is not to be boomed. The incoming 
classes will be thinned out at the bottom 
until they correspond with the facilities. 
There is no question but, in time, the friends 
of the college will wake up and give it the 
support it needs. It cannot be otherwise. 
A glance at the general catalogue reveals a 
long list of wealthy names, and the denom- 
ination at our back is old and rich. But at 
the same time, being more broad in its views 
and less intense in its feelings than some 
others, it does not show that ready response 
to calls for aid which some of our sister institu- 
tions of other denominations have profited by. 
But still we know that strong and earnest men 
are working for us in various localities and 
aid is sure to come eventually. Let any one 
read the array of facts given in the speech 
of our President before the Boston alumni 
reunion, and printed in another column of 
this issue, and see if we have not earned it. 




The Angelus. 

By Edward B. Merrill, '57. 

TT IS well to have seen the original of this 
■*■ picture. Neither its own merits nor our 
own pleasure are diminished because it came 
to us with the blare which is only befitting 
the general temper of the community where 
it is first exhibited in America. The noise 
and excitation of curiosity which attended 
its public sale in Paris, the competition and 
artificial pride for the glory of its local pos- 
session contending in self-approbation at the 
auction, followed as it was by the imposition 
of the absurd tariff -dutj' which met it at the 
gate of this continent, and which arouses 
the just indignation of every scholar and 
lover of art, are all irreconcilable with the 
conception of the artist and the sentiment of 
the completed work. 

The main facts which go to make up the 
history of Millet's life are well known. His 
poverty was not exceptional or peculiar in its 
general characteristics, but it was to him, as 
to others, equally discouraging, obstructive, 
full of the weariness of spirit and as hard to 
bear. He had a few family friends, some of 
whom bestowed upon him that rare sympathy 
which was excited by the discovery in him 
of his artistic genius and who gave him such 
aid as they could, aid in the mere animal 
business of living, but nothing that could 
feed the yearnings of his own soul. The 
bestowment of every outward accessory to 
his merely daily existence could do but little 
toward strengthening his inmost purpose. 
Inwardly he dwelt apart. Though tender 
and kind in feeling to every one, his whole 
energy was bent towards the embodiment of 
the ideals of his artistic sense, and he gave 
his life to it in the truest and only artistic 
method. He worked always toward the 
realization of the hope that the sentiments of 

Truth, Goodness, and Beauty which he saw 
all about him, in his native fields, among his 
fellow-working men and women, in their 
daily outward occupations, such as he ob- 
served in the changes of the seasons and the 
corresponding dissimilarities in the aspect of 
nature as observed in those changes, might 
be fixed and retained upon his canvas. And 
he has not failed in his high aim. He who 
looks upon " The Sowers," " The Gleaners," 
" The Sheepfold," or " The Angelus," or 
upon any one of the pictures of Millet, even 
the least meritorious of them all, will not, if 
he be not controlled by a too strong regard 
for the mere technique in the production 
before him, fail to find a love of Nature and 
of Beauty only held by their most devoted 
and rapturous worshipers. 

But "The Angelus " is a picture by itself, 
and a fit altar-piece for the Temple of the 
home. Its two figures, only, are peasants in 
an homely garb, dressed in the coarse and 
rustic garments of their field work. The 
hour is the late afternoon and just at Ves- 
pers. The sun descending below the horizon, 
suffuses the whole atmosphere and sky with 
a golden light, touching the spire in the far 
distance, the bared heads of the peasants, 
and the whole scene with an unsurpassed 
sympathy ; the bells from the village one can 
almost hear, as they strike with their soft 
and mellowed sound upon the ears of the 
listening world, uttering the "Angelus Dom- 
ini," " Nuntiavit Marine " to every wor- 
shiper ; the woman with childlike devotion 
folds her hands and bows her head in prayer, 
the man, with less grace, holds his cap at his 
breast. The sound passes by, the whole 
earth for the moment is full of the sense of 
resignation, of that self-control, of that faith 
in the Divine love, "Behold I am with you 

We feel as we turn aside, and leave it and 
pass away and go out again into the crowded 
streets of a populous and busy commercial 



city, that perhaps all the elements of Truth, 
and Goodness, and Beauty in character and 
life have not fled from our fellow whose heart 
is nearer nature than our own ; that he yet 
found it possible to reveal in simple tones, 
anew, the lesson of Faith in Work, Faith in 
God ; and to bestow upon us in this picture 
another and more perfect illustration of the 
prophet's praise, " We thank Thee that Thou 
hast hid these things from the wise and 
prudent, but revealed them unto babes." 

Gleanings From the Alumni 

Held at Boston, Washington, and Portland. — A 
Few of the Salient Features. — Some of the 
Important Officers. 

TT IS not the purpose of the Orient to 
■*■ devote any of its limited space to topics 
which have already been covered by the 
great dailies, and must in consequence be 
stale and out of place. Therefore, we have 
avoided a formal report of the various alumni 
associations. We have, nevertheless, deemed 
it advisable to put into a compact form a 
few general features which have seemed 
valuable for reference and future perusal. 
[Held at Young's Hotel, January 29, 1890.] 

Officers for ensuing year : President, 
Hon. W. W. Rice, '46; Vice-President, C. 
U. Bell, '63 ; Secretary, A. F. Parker, '76 ; 
Assistant-Secretary, E. U. Curtis, '82 ; Chair- 
man of Executive Committee, Augustus 
Jones, '60. 

Prominent men present : Wm. DeWitt 
Hyde, President of the college ; Cyrus 
Hamlin, '34; Thomas L. Stone, '20; Egbert 
Smythe, '48; Edward Stan wood, '61 ; Dudley 
A. Sargent, '75. Whole number present, 80. 
Opening Remarks of President Rice. 
Brethren Alumni, I greet you at this return of our 
annual celebration in honor of our old college. 
Hearts are always warmer, pulses quicker, and 
memories tenderer in this alumni association than 

anywhere else. I was born in Massachusetts, but I 
was carried in my mother's arms to Maine for no 
other practical purpose that I could ever ascertain 
than that I might become in due time a graduate of 
Bowdoin College. [Applause.] I have not been 
sorry for it. When as a boy I stood in her classic 
shades, I was proud of Bowdoin. She bore upon her 
front the proudest name of any in New England. 
Pierre Bowdoin, the Huguenot refugee, landed at 
Portland in 1667 ; James Bowdoin, the great mer- 
chant of Boston, James Bowdoin, his son, the great 
patriot of Massachusetts, the peer of the Adamses 
and more than a peer of Hancock [applause] gave 
Bowdoin his son, the scholar, gentleman, and diplo- 
matist. The name died then in the family, but it is 
immortal as the name of the college. [Applause.] 
I found when I went to Bowdoin a corps of profes- 
sors unsurpassed, in my judgment, by any since 
[laughter], and having at their head that learned 
scholar, that elegant gentleman, Leonard Woods. 
[Applause.] Even then Bowdoin had immortal 
names upon her roll — Longfellow, the great poet ; 
Hawthorne, the great novelist; Andrew, the great 
statesman and patriot ; and I have been proud of 
her ever since, and I am proud of Bowdoin now. 
The other night, at her board in the capital of the 
nation, sat the Chief Justice of the United States 
[applause], the speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives [applause], the eloquent, true-hearted states- 
man, Sir William P. Frye [applause], the great 
political economist, the old secretary of the Treasury, 
Hugh McCulloch. Why should not we be proud of 
Bowdoin? And if these gentlemen should all pass 
away, we could send on platoon after platoon willing, 
if not able. [Laughter and applause.] There are 
other colleges of wider area and higher professions, 
but for honest, faithful work, for high and inspiring 
instruction, I stand here to say, with a somewhat wide 
experience, that I know of none higher than the little 
college yonder, planted by Massachusetts, and 
nurtured not always too carefully by the great 
State of Maine among the pines. [Great applause.] 

Speech of President Hyde. 
President Hyde was introduced by the 
chairman as a man standing in the forefront 
of American educators, and spoke as follows : 
Hitherto on these occasions it has been my part 
to prophesy, leaving to others history and reminis- 
cence. Now I have had a four years' course at Bow- 
doin as well as the rest of you, and I shall try to tell 
what has been done during that time. Four years 
ago we had neither gymnasium nor apparatus, 



neither requirement nor inducement to systematic 
exercise. To-day we have a commodious brick 
building, furnished with the most approved appa- 
ratus, heated by steam and lighted by electricity. 
The Sargent system of physical examination and ex- 
ercise is in full operation, under the control of a 
competent director, and a graded course of class 
exercises is required of all. The opportunities for 
the study of Latin, Greek, and Mathematics have 
been extended by the introduction of new electives, 
including a teachers' course in Cassar, a course in 
Greek archaeology, and a course in analytical me- 
chanics. The elements of French and German are 
taught at the beginning, instead of in the middle of 
the college course. An elective in French literature 
has been added, and the elective in German has been 
extended. The elements of physics have been 
carried back from Junior to Sophomore year, and 
an elective in laboratory physics is offered to the 
Juniors. An elective in practical astronomy has been 
added, and increased accommodations have been 
provided for the study of chemistry. An assistant 
has been added to the department of biology, so that 
the laboratory is open all hours in the day. An 
elective in histology is provided for those who intend 
to study medicine. The department of rhetoric and 
oratory has been strengthened by the addition of a 
tutor who trains the Freshmen in elocution, and cor- 
rects the themes of the Sophomores and Juniors. 
Four years ago history and political economy were 
taught by the professor of mathematics, now a pro- 
fessor of history gives his entire time to these 
studies. The number electing history has increased 
in these four years from three to thirty-five, and 
nearly the whole Senior class are pursuing elec- 
tive courses in political economy and the devel- 
opment of political institutions. In place of the 
text-book study of evidences of Christianity, 
with its special pleading for dogmatic conclu- 
sions, one side of this field is covered by a 
thorough and systematic study of the problems of 
Biblical criticism, and the other by a study of the 
revelation God has made of himself in nature, human 
history, and human thought, as presented in the his- 
tory of philosophy. Instead of trying to force con- 
clusions the college aims to teach the facts and prin- 
ciples which lie at the basis of all intelligent and 
rational thought upon these weighty matters. The 
gift of the organ and the establishment of the choir 
on a responsible basis have greatly enriched the 
chapel service. Four years ago the library was open 
only half of the time and received only a fraction of 
the attention of the person who served as librarian, 
hence the library was little more than a store-house 

of books. Now the library is open from morning 
until night. The librarian gives his entire time to 
its management, and ranks in station and salary as a 
professor. He is a director of reading, study, and 
research, rather than a mere distributer of books. 
Six thousand volumes have been added to the library 
within these four years. It has become the work- 
shop of the college and the center of its life. The 
Young Men's Christian Association has grown from 
a feeble body, meeting in a small room, to a flourish- 
ing organization, with large and attractive quarters. 
It includes in its active members one-fourth, and in 
active and associate members together, three-fifths of 
the students. This year we furnish four members to 
the Junior class at Andover Seminary. During these 
four years exactly ten per cent, of the graduates have 
taken up post-graduate studies at Harvard, Clark, 
Cornell, Johns Hopkins, Gottingen, Leipsic, and Ber- 
lin. The elective system has been extended from 
one-quarter of the last two years to one-half of the 
last three years. The experiment of self-government 
has proved a success. Hazing, deeply rooted in col- 
lege tradition, has been abolished by the voluntary 
action of the students. Many of these changes have 
been expensive. For the gymnasium, the organ, and 
additions to the library, we are indebted to the gifts 
of friends. The improvements in the course of in- 
struction have cost $9,000. Do you ask where we 
got it? We have earned it. 

Of this $9,000 only $193 is due to increased in- 
come from invested funds. The few bequests that 
we have received have just balanced the loss of 
income from re-investment of funds at lower rates of 
interest. Practically the whole of that $9,000 is due 
to an increase of fifty per cent, in the number of 

I have tried to show you some of the bricks that 
we have been making in the past four years with 
only such straw as we could pick up for ourselves. 
The next four years ought to see more growth than 
the past. Professorships of history, of political and 
social science, and of English literature remain to be 
endowed. Three laboratories for chemistry, physics, 
and biology must be fitted up anew. The library 
should be placed on a self-supporting basis. Above 
all, $100,000, at least, should be added to the general 
fund. Let the sons and friends of the college give 
us these things that we need, and we will give to 
your Alma Mater a renewed youth that shall be no 
less fruitful in sound scholarship and noble character 
than the days that gave Longfellow and Hawthorne to 
literature, Stowe and Harris and Everett and Smyth 
to theology, Anderson and Hamlin to diplomacy, and 
Fessenden, Hale, Evans, Pierce, Andrew, Fuller, 



Frye, and Reed to the service of the state. [Great 

Other Speakers : Rev. Thomas T. Stone, 
'20, Rev. Cyrus Hamlin, '34. A letter was 
read from the Rev. Cyrus A. Bartol. A 
poem was read by William A. Spear, '70, and 
a large number of brief addresses followed. 


{Held at Welcker's, January 28, 1890.] 
The following from the Evening Star 
will perhaps give an idea of the meeting : 
"It's a way we have at old Bowdoin." These 
words were sung last night by a company at 
Welcker's with all the zest of a lot of college boys 
on a frolic. They were grizzled old boys, many of 
them. There was Chief Justice Fuller, with Senator 
Frye on one hand and Gen. O. O. Howard on the 
other, with Senator Washburn a little ways off, with 
Col. L. D. M. Sweat and Mr. L. Deane opposite him, 
and about thirty other more or less distinguished 
sons of Maine and alumni of old Bovvdoin gathered 
around. [Speaker Reed was unable to be present.] 
It was the annual dinner of the Bowdoin Alumni 
Association. Though greater numbers may sit down 
at some college alumni dinners, there is no gathering 
of the kind held in Washington where the old college 
spirit takes so strong a hold of " the boys " and none, 
it may be added, where the average of ability and 
distinction of the company is greater. Eminent states- 
men, distinguished jurists, staid ministers of the 
gospel, and dignified old grandfathers, for the hour 
live over again their college days when their time 
was divided between Greek roots and boyish pranks. 
After the excellent dinner had been disposed 
of two hours or more were given up to eloquent 
speeches, spirited songs, and delightful stories of days 
at the old college "way down there in the woods." 
Chief Justice Fuller opened the proceedings as pre- 
siding officer with a brief speech expressing his 
love for his Alma Mater, and his gratification at 
meeting with his brethren of the alumni association. 
As another engagement required the Chief Justice to 
retire early from the festive board, his mantle as 
presiding officer fell upon Senator Frye, who con- 
ducted the proceedings to a close with a spirit that 
contributed much to the pleasure of the occasion. 
President Hyde, of Bowdoin, was unable, on account 
of a prior engagement with the Boston Alumni, to be 
present, but he sent his annual message to the 
Washington Association in the form of a letter, in 
which he spoke in a most gratifying way of the 

growing prosperity of the college, the increase of 
fifty per cent, in the number of students in four 
years' time, and of several important additions to 
the college Faculty and the college equipment. 

Toast-master, L. Deane. 

Speakers : Chief Justice Fuller, Senator 
Frye, Senator Washburn, General O. O. 
Howard, Col. W. H. Owen, L. Deane, Rev. 
Frank Sewell, Win. P. Drew, Prof. J. W. 
Chickering, Assistant Attorney-General Cot- 
ton, L. D. M. Sweat, W. Pulsifer, Dr. Gideon, 
S. Palmer, Crosby S. Noyes, and Judge W. 
B. Snell. 

Whole number present, thirty. 
Said Professor Chickering at the closing 
remarks : " God bless the small college, and 
Bowdoin not the least." 

[Held at the Falmouth, January 16, 1890.] 

Number present, thirty-two. 

Officers for ensuing year : President, Geo. 
F. Emery ; Secretary, D. W. Snow ; Treas- 
urer, F. S. Waterhouse ; Orator, Rev. E. C. 
Cummings; Poet, V. C. Wilson; Toast- 
master, F. O. Conant ; Chairman of Execu- 
tive Committee, Prentiss Loring ; Chairman 
of Dinner Committee, Chas. A. Ring. 

Presiding officer at this meeting, Judge 
Cleaves ; Oration, " The Present and the 
Past," by Augustus F. Moulton ; Poem by 
Albert W. Tolman, '88, Assistant in Rhetoric 
and Tutor in Greek in Bowdoin College. 

Ms. Tolman's Poem. 
Yet once again, O many-storied Past 
Thy pages writ in vanished years unfold ; 
Open anew thy varied store and vast 
For us who seek amid the deeds of old 
To find some tale, some legend quaintly told 
Whose theme shall serve us in these latter days : 
Reveal some vision from thy age of gold 
That we may see the truth which Time portrays, 
Drawn out in living lines on life's bewildering maze. 

Upon the verge of Nile's unending stream 
Lonely and still the giant Memnon stands ; 
He sees the tide flow by as in a dream, 
The lotos flower its petalled bloom expands 



In vain for him, a stranger in the lands 
That were his own ; in ruins round him lie 
Temple and column, marred by vandal hands, 
The lingering wrecks of glory long gone by, 
Of Memphis 1 far-famed pomp and ancient majesty. 

Not thus he stood in grandeur desolate 
In those old days when Time himself was young, 
Not thus alone, but throned in kingly state 
With kindred gods ; the rock-hewn temples rung 
With hymns triumphant in his glory sung, 
With loud thanksgiving, or with victory's shoul, 
Or humbler phrases framed with suppliant tongue, 
Uprose in murmurs round him, ringed about 
With throngs of kneeling priests and worshipers 

With eyes firm fixed upon the eastern bank 
He watched from far the bustle of the crowd ; 
Down toward him sloped the city, rank on rank 
Of palace towers and stately temples proud, 
Lifting their heads to skies without a cloud; 
With sunlight fierce their roofs were all aflame ; 
In thi'onging streets was heard the tumult loud 
Of busy life, and traffic's hoarse acclaim, 
That with a softened sound across the water came. 

Before him stretched the mighty river, strewn 
With shining sails ; the pleasure-seeker dreamed 
In barges curtained from the sun of noon : 
Athwart the tide the fisher's shallop gleamed ; 
The merchant craft with stately motion seemed 
To scorn the ferries plying to and fro ; 
Sometimes a sombre funeral boat proclaimed 
With shrouded side, and wailing sad and low, 
A king had gone the way all mortal men must go. 

The sun had sunk behind the carven walls 
That barred the west, and night was come without, 
Her herald twilight ; from the palace halls 
Was heard the sound of revelry and rout ; 
In templed Thebes the fire-fly lights gleamed out, 
Their twinkling beams across the water thrown, 
In chorus full uprose the wassail-shout 
Till hushed all sound ; the lights died one by one. 
And through the silent streets the watchman paced 

Above the sleeping city through the night 
He kept his vigil, seeing all the while, 
His rugged face illumined by her light, 
The round moon mirrored in the placid Nile, 
That south to northward stretched for many a mile 
Its silver flood 'twixt banks of darkest green ; 
The cloudless circle of the heavens smiled 

In starry splendor on its course serene, 

While east and west the hills and desert closed the 

The night was o'er, and joyful he beheld 
The faint red dawn steal up the Arabian sky ; 
Broader and high the rosy torrent swelled, 
Moments to him of voiceless ecstasy 
Still gazing on the east with steady eye; 
Soon from the sun there flashed a dazzling line 
Full on his lips ; then breathed the melody 
That seemed to those that heard it all divine, 
A message of the gods, sent from their secret 

Thus by Life's ceaseless stream, from days of old, 

With face of stone the Past is standing still ; 

To those that scorn it, voiceless, deaf, and cold, 

A symbol of forgotten deeds that fill 

No place in present need, but those who will 

May from its lips a changeless music hear, 

Strains that inspire the soul through good and ill, 

That rouse the heart, the fainting spirit cheer, 

And teach the awe-struck mind to wonder and revere. 

The shades of earth-embracing night 
Have dropped their mantle down, 

And wintry stars are gleaming bright 
Above the classic town. 

The pi'isoned waters sing their tune, 
While northward to the bay 

A sheet of white beneath the moon 
The river winds away. 

Against her wall of sombre pine 
Old Bowdoin's buildings rise, 

Her chapel spires in bold design 
Point upward to the skies. 

Without her halls the moonlight falls 

Across the drifted snow, 
Within her halls' protecting walls 

The lamps of evening glow. 

Hail to the mother of us all, 
Our guide to light and truth, 

Suggestress of each high resolve 
That stirs the heart of youth. 

Changeless and sure is her renown, 

Her glory undecayed, 
No gem shall tarnish in her crown, 

Her laurel shall not fade. 



Faithful for aye her sons shall breathe 

This prayer that to the last 
Her present full of life may be, 

Her future as her past. 

Toast-master, O. M. Lord. 

Responses by Prof. F. C. Robinson, Hon. 
Wm. L. Putnam, Hon. Chas. F. Libby, Seth 
L. Larrabee, Esq., Dr. Frederick Henry 
Gerrish, Rev. E. M. Cousins. 

Closed with " Old Phi Chi." 

Play Ball I 

Some More Cold Facts for the Nine. 

TT7HE position of the college in base-ball 
-*• for the past three or four years has been 
far from what could be desired. Although 
we have had good players and plenty of 
them, our nine has often failed to make 
respectable showing, both from want of prac- 
tice and because of society feeling, which has 
demanded that each society should at any 
rate be represented, no matter if to the exclu- 
sion of the better men of some other frater- 
nity. We have seen how disastrously this 
method of selecting players has proved in the 
past, and it seems as if it is about time to 
remedy this evil, or to let base-ball severely 

Why should the societies make this trouble 
about base-ball, when the men for the college 
crews and the foot-ball team are chosen for 
worth and not for looks ? The fact is, that 
this "kicking" at the make-up of the base- 
ball team has been handed down as a kind of 
tradition, and no society feels that it has 
done its duty until it has found fault and 
caused some of the men to be changed. Does 
this seem to be the proper way to support a 
team on whose success the honor of the col- 
lege depends? 

Suppose we compare the college, as a 
whole, to our nation, and the societies to the 
different states of which our nation is com- 
posed. We say that we owe our allegiance 

first to our nation, and then to our state. 
Why, then, should we not make the selfish 
interests of our society secondary to the wel- 
fare of our college? 

But the discontinuance of " running the 
nine on a society basis " will not overcome 
every difficulty with which we have to con- 
tend; and, in fact, it is the lesser of the two 
greatest. Our nine, on more than one occa- 
sion, has shown the want of practice, and to 
a woful degree. We have a habit of not 
doing any more good practice as soon as we 
win one game; but every day from four until 
quarter of six we gather on the Delta and 
pretend to practice for an hour or two, or 
rather, let us say we practice exerting our- 
selves as little as possible. Now this work is 
worse than no practice at all. If we are to 
receive any benefit from practice we must 
put some life into the work ; and next spring 
there must be a marked change in this re- 
spect if we are to win the championship. If 
we would win we must practice as hard when 
successful as when unsuccessful and not trust 
too much to luck. 

Let us hope that the two evils of bad at- 
tention to practice and "society kicking" 
may be done away with, and that we may in 
the future consider only the highest welfare 
and honor of the college, instead of our 
foolish aspirations and individual desires. 

'Ninety-Two's Opportunity. 

An Underclassman on the Election Question. 

TTBOUT seven weeks ago the Sophomore 
/ ■*• class met to elect officers for the ensuing 
year. The result was none were elected. 
Your spicy article led me, as a member of 
this class, to consider whether or not we had 
managed the affair in a sensible manner. I 
came to the conclusion we had not. At the 
election of officers for the Freshman year, the 
class divided itself into two factions caused 
by a false accusation against one of the fra- 



ternities, that " a slate had been drawn up in 
which no non-society man could hold any 
office during the four years. 

The writer has not brought this up 
here to show that it was false or to gain 
sympathy for either party, but to see if 
the class could not come to terms in which 
all might be satisfied. As a class it is 
clear that we cannot figure to any extent 
in athletics, but we have, in other college 
affairs, not been far behind those classes 
which have preceded us. Now, even at 
the present time, we are looking forward 
to the Ivy exercises and to those who shall 
be the officers of that interesting day. If 
we desire to present to the public exercises 
that shall do us credit, we ought to select our 
men by merit and not be influenced by fac- 
tion or society. We do not believe any 
pledges have been given by any faction for 
past services ; so we are in a position to con- 
sider the matter as a whole class regardless 
of all society delegations. It is yet some 
months before we elect these officers and we 
ought to give it our serious consideration 
and due attention. 

R^yme and Reason- 



Phyllis is fair with golden hair 
That flies where'er it pleases ; 

Yet all will say, do what she may, 
Howe'er she frets and teases, 
Phyllis is fair. 

I cannot tell why her tell-tale eye 
So charms me with its glances ; 

Yet come what will, she lingers still, 
And flickers through my fancies — 
Phyllis is fair. 

A German joke is devoid of point, 
An English joke is neat, 
A Yankee joke is often old 

But it has a peculiar 
Faculty of arriving at its 
Destination with the 
Contemporaneous advent 
Of both its feet. 


The jabbering jury with jocund jeers 

Joggle their jowls with glee, 
While the juvenile jackanapes jerks a jig 

On the jingling gallows tree. 

' I saw a sorrow," the sea-bird said, 
' As over the wave I sped and sped 
At ebbing tide. 
On the dreary sand, hand clasping hand, 

A youth and maiden stood side by side ; 
And with lingering feet, 

Parted with many a long farewell, 
Hoping, with fears they durst not tell, 
When the voyage was over, once more to meet. 

' I saw a joy," the sea-bird said, 
' As over the wave 1 sped and sped 
At flowing tide. 
On the glistening sand, a merry band 

Of children played, and laughing tried 
To build a wall, 

With bulwarks guarding it round about, 
To shut the rising ocean out, 
And gayly shouted to see it fall. 

' The shore was deserted," the sea-bird said, 
' As over the wave I sped and sped 
At flood of tide. 
The burning sand, a south wind fanned, 

And white waves dashed where the seaweed 
And bare was the shore. 

The lover's footsteps were washed away ; 
No trace was left of the children's play ; 
The ocean closed over all once more." 

'Twas one day in recitation, 

And the boys, I blush to tell, 
Were not paying strict attention 

But were rais — not acting well. 

And the Prof, was getting vvrathy, 

And a light shown in his eye, 
Seeming to say in words unspoken 
" My turn comes by and by." 



A calm spread o'er the class-room, 
And in tones of subtle scorn, 
' Mr Blank," said the Professor, 

" From this point may now go on." 

To his feet arose the victim, 

Scanned the air and looked perplexed, 
While the Prof, with fiendish pleasure, 

Grimly smiled and answered, "Next.'' 

1 Do you really love me, Bob ? " 
Queried Grace. 

Then she hid her blushing face, 
While her lover's warm embrace 
Answered " yes." 


At her window sits the fair 
Enamored Grace ; 
While below the servant maid 
Answers Bob, the renegade, 
With a "yes." 


The Tale Record, devoting a column to the news- 
paper report that the Princeton foot-ball eleven were 
going to take a trip South during vacation, among 
other things about it, says : "We have learned that as 
they arrive at each city, a procession will be formed 
in the following order : 

Brass Band. 
Mayor and Council (in carriages). 
Princeton Champion Foot-Ball Team (in carriages). 
200 Princeton Undergraduates (nearly one-half the entire 
college) discharging fire-works. 
Brass Band. 
Admiring Populace. 
"In the evening an exhibition is to be given to the 
tune of $3.00 per reserved seat. The main feature 
of the show is to be the setting up of Yale dummies 
to be knocked down, amidst wild applause led by 
the two hundred Princeton students, by Ames, who is 
to make one of his famous zigzag plunges through 
them. After the performance, ladies are to be per- 
mitted to view the kicking foot of Mr. Ames, who will 
sit upon a raised dais. This thrilling spectacle is to 
be supplemented by the exhibition of Mr. Cowan's 
bared right arm. ' By paying a small extra charge, 
visitors will be allowed to see the champions feed, 
from six to eight p.m.' Among the stage fixings are 

to be one dozen foot-balls, a lot of goal posts, 
twenty thousand packages of Jersey mud, neatly 
wrapped up, tied with orange and black ribbon, and 
labelled ' On this mud the Princeton champions have 
played,' fire-works, and the dummies above men- 

The Record is an excellent preparatory sheet for 
the Puck, Judge, and Life line of journalism. 

A communication from an alumnus to Tlie Bru- 
nonian laments the fact that to the society feeling in 
large measure has been due, in by-gone years, the 
low standing of the Brown University base-ball 
team in their league. "It is marked disloyalty to 
the interests of the college that any secret society or 
clique should use their influence in such a way as to 
hamper the efforts that are made to have a nine made 
up from the best men the college can furnish," is a 
remark that Bowdoin men have happily at last come 
to appreciate and guide themselves by, and one con- 
taining a sentiment which will not, we believe, from 
the sorry experience of the past, be soon forgotten 
by them. It is a subject which, though frequently 
harped on, cannot be too clearly kept in mind or too 
often urged. 

The Wellesley Prelude drops in upon us, as ever, 
so bulging with good reading and femininity as to 
almost burst its hoops. Wellesley is rejoicing in her 
Glee Club, and one who is interested writes an 
article inquiring if some better mode of applauding 
it cannot be devised than clapping, which " rudely 
breaks with a tumult of sound the restfulness and 
charm of delicious music." She wonders if silk 
ribbons, or banners, or handkerchiefs, of college or 
class colors, might not be provided, thus letting "a 
symphony of color succeed a symphony of sound.'' 
Following this is an approbative Prelude editorial 
that we wish we could quote in full, for it truly 
bustles with feminine innovative spirit. It says no 
strong objection can be raised to this plan, and the 
only objection is that some might consider it girlish. 
But this is well met by the sensible inquiry " Whether 
it is not better for girls to be girlish to a reasonable 
degree rather than to perpetuate the customs of the 
rabble of all past ages ? " This strikes us as carrying 
the right tone. The world at its best is not quite all 
conventionality yet. There is si ill left room for a 
little spontaneity and naturalness. 

The set of four volumes of Thane's British Autog- 
raphy, which was presented to Bowdoin College by 
Miss Thayer, of Roxbury, Mass., is especially valu- 
able, as there are but two other complete sets in 
existence. — The Dartmouth. 



Apropos of the alumni reunion at 
Young's, the Boston Herald says : 
"The sous of Bowdoin have a good 
right to boast of her distinguished 
alumni. A list of graduates that includes such names 
as Longfellow and Hawthorne, to say nothing of 
lesser lights, is something that any college might 
well be proud of." 

At least three, perhaps four, deaths of students 
have occurred here within the last forty years. Howard 
Abbott, of '60, of Belfast, who roomed in No. 3, 
South Appleton, committed suicide by jumping from 
the bridge into the Androscoggin. His father was a 
member of Congress. He died May 20, 1859, and 
the funeral was held in due form in the chapel. The 
reason for the act will always remain a mystery, for 
he certainly was perfectly sane. The body was not 
found for some days, and when found was not far 
from the place where he jumped in. He left a letter 
intimating his intention to commit suicide. The act 
cast an awful gloom over the college. Artemas 
Fisher Gregg, of '81, died at a room in North 
Maine, from an overdose of some sleeping potion. 
As to the ceremonies held, we are unable to give 
information. Will Albert Cornish, of '86, also died 
at college. Funeral services were held in the chapel, 
and Professor Packard preached over the remains, 
the casket being placed on one of the broad steps 
leading to the altar. 

Cutts has returned to college after a visit to 

The latest returns from the backwoods seem to 
indicate that the country school is beginning to close 
its doors for the rest of the winter. Bartlett, '90, 
Bean, Hardy, Pendleton, and Whitney are among 
the latest arrivals. 

The last Orient stated that Brown, '91, had 
recently lectured in Friendship on " French His- 
tory." Mr. Brown has been on the war-path and 
wishes the Oiuent to state that he has no desire to 
defraud Vick of his honors. Thompson was the 
man. Brown's specialty, this year, is English 

Jordan has accepted a position as Prineirjal of the 
Litchfield Academy. 

Ed. Drew is again among us. His home has been 
Portland and Bath, for the past few weeks. 

North Winthrop boasts a genuine fire-bug. A man 
who would leave the blower on an open stove for 
three hours, thereby setting fire to his carpet, should 
have a guardian. Volunteers are now in order. 

Minott has been taking charge of affairs at home 
the past week, while the rest of the family wrestled 
with " grip." 

There are three bookstores in college, but Jarvis 
boasts the only boot and shoe agency. He will lay 
in a stock of tennis goods in the spring. 

Hill, '89, has recently joined the ranks of the 

Life in South Appleton is made miserable by thir- 
teen musical instruments. 

Rogers, Smith, and Rice, '89, have visited Bruns- 
wick recently. 

Chapin, '93, has been given a position as assistant 
in the Library. 

The opening lecture of the Medical Course was 
given in Lower Memorial, Thursday, by Prof. L. A. 
Emery, on the " Standard of Excellence." 

The Sophomores indulged in a class cut from the 
gym, Thursday, in order to take in the medical 

Adams Hall is now supplied with electricity from 
the town plant. 

Rounds, '91, is exercising his electrical knowledge 
in the construction of a dynamo. 

The second lecture in the Y. M. C. A. course was 
given in Memorial Hall, Tuesday, February 4th, by 
Prof. H. L. Chapman, of Bowdoin, on Tennyson's 
" Princess." 

Toby Lyons closed his engagement with the 
Base-Ball Association, Saturday. The results of his 
thorough course of training are expected to material- 
ize on the ball-field later in the 3'ear. 

Several of the students attended the performance 
of "Hands Across the Sea," at Lewiston, January 

Turner, Wingate, and Dunn, are running the 
Seniors in the gym this year. Ridlon, Fish, and 
Coding officiate for '91. 

'Ninety-one enjoyed her annual grab game for 
class officers, Wednesday. Following are the lucky 
men : President, Jordan ; Vice-President, Thompson ; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Croswell ; Orator, Brown ; 



Poet, Burleigh ; Marshal, Hastings ; Odist, Lincoln ; 
Curator, Kempton ; Committee on Arrangements, 
Ridlon, Chapman, Emerson Hilton. 

By some misunderstanding on the part of the 
managers of the Y. M. C. A. course of lectures, it 
was announced on the bills that the Glee Club would 
render a selection at each lecture. It is to be 
regretted that the club will be unable to appear 
again during the course, as their music would have 
been a very attractive feature of the evening's pro- 

Wednesday evening, February 6th, witnessed the 
solemn scenes attending the ushering out of the term 
of the College Dancing School. Thirty-five couples 
graced the floor, and it was far into the night before 
the last strains of delightful music died away. 
Messrs. Gilbert, Crawford, and Woodbury, furnished 
music for a fine order of twelve dances. 

With the last of the dancing school comes the 
beginning of the assemblies. The first of the course 
was held in Town Hall, Tuesday evening. About 
thirty-eight couples were present, and dancing was 
kept up until a late hour. Woodbury, of Portland, 
furnished music. 

Messrs. Hastings, Chapman, Hilton, and Ridlon 
have the assemblies in charge. 

The Saint Peter (S.P.) degree has recently been 
conferred upon our esteemed college janitor. Mr. 
Booker has been appointed guardian of the chapel 
door, and now it is only those who get there in time 
that succeed in gaining admittance to the place of 
morning worship. 

G. O. Hubbard, of Brunswick, is practicing for 
the Bowdoin Athletic Exhibition. 

The news that one of their number had passed 
away the night before, rendered the Day of Prayer a 
singularly sad one for the Bowdoin students. It is 
so seldom that the hand of death falls in our very 
midst, so rare that the college room becomes the scene 
of sickness and departing life, that the knowledge of 
the death of a fellow-student in South Appleton 
seemed to plunge the whole college into the most 
profound silence and awe. Brief funeral services 
were conducted at the chapel in the afternoon. The 
Scriptures were read by Professor Woodruff. Mr. 
Guild offered prayer, and the college choir sang very 
sweetly the appropriate hymn, "Nearer Home." 
After the service the students and faculty formed a 
procession and followed the remains to the station, 
from whence they were taken to Bangor for inter- 

The funeral of the late Henry Prentiss Godfrey 
occurred Saturday forenoon, from the family resi- 

dence in Bangor. Rev. Geo. C. Cressey, a member 
of the Bowdoin Chapter of A.K.E., officiated in a 
most impressive manner and the Apollo Quartette, 
of Bangor, rendered the following selections : " To 
Weary Hearts," "I Long for Household Voices Gone,'' 
and " When the Mists Have Rolled Away." The 
members of the '91 delegation of A. K. E. were the 
bearers, and twenty-four of the students followed the 
remains to Mount Hope. The floral tributes were of 
the most beautiful. A broken column and a special 
design of the fraternity pin were tokens of the 
esteem in which Mr. Godfrey was held by the mem- 
bers of his class and fraternity. 

'20.— Rev. T. T. Stone, 
the oldest alumnus of Bow- 
doin College, was present at the recent 
reunion of the Boston Alumni. He is 
eighty nine years old. 
'31. — Rev. William V". Jordan died Thursday, 
January 23d, at his residence in Chapman, Kan. He 
was born in Saco, Me., in 1804, and fitted for college 
at Thornton Academy in that town. On leaving col- 
lege he entered on a course of theological study at 
Andover, Mass., which he completed at Bangor, 
graduating in the class of 1836. In 1871 he removed 
to Chapman, a newly-settled place, and preached the 
first sermons ever heard in that region. He had 
resided there ever since. 

'33. — Rev. Charles Adams, D.D., who died at his 
home in Washington, Sunday, was born at Stratham, 
N. H., in 1808. Dr. Adams was graduated at Bowdoin 
Collesre in 1833, and shortly afterward entered the 
ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church. Early in 
life he was appointed principal of Newbury Seminary 
at Newbury, Vt. ; he subsequently became principal of 
the Wesleyan Academy at Wilbraham, Mass., where 
he remained for several years. After having charge 
of the Bromfield Street Church in Boston for a 
period, Dr. Adams became a professor of Ancient 
and Oriental Languages in the Methodist General 
Theological Institute at Concord, N. H., now known 
as the Boston University. At a later period of his 
life he was induced to transfer his labors to the West, 
and for more than ten years was President of the 



Illinois Female College at Jacksonville, 111. During 
the intervals of his career as an instructor, Dr. 
Adams was in charge of important churches both in 
Boston and Cincinnati, and was a preacher of great 
force and eloquence. In his active life he was very 
ready with his pen, and wrote several books which 
were favorably received. His widow, a daughter of 
the Rev. Dr. Huntington, pastor at Rye, N. H., sur- 
vives him, also several children. He has been 
a resident in Washington in his late years. His 
remains have been taken to Stratham, N. H. 

'33. — Rev. George F. Tewksbury died suddenly of 
apoplexy, in Oxford, Me., January 28th, aged nearly 
seventy-nine years. He graduated at Andover Semi- 
nary, and was ordained in 1888 at Albany, Me., 
where he remained for fourteen years. His other 
pastorates were at Mechanic Falls, Benton and 
Fairfield, Oxford, West Minot, Gorham, N. H., 
Casco and Naples, North Bridgton and Lyman. He 
gave up active ministerial labor in 1884, and resided 
for a time with his son, Rev. George A. Tewksbury, 
of Seattle, Wash., who was then settled in Cambridge, 

'58-'66-'87. — On a recent committee connected with 
the Westbrook Trust Company were three Bowdoin 
men, — Nathan Cleaves, '58 ; R. D. Woodman, '66 ; 
and Arthur W. Merrill, '87. 

'60. — Hon. Orville D. Baker was one of the 
speakers at the Grand Army Reunion at Augusta, 
February 4th. 

'60. — Rev. C. S. Perkins, pastor of the Free Bap- 
tist church at Lyndon Centre, Vt., has tendered his 

'61. — Judge L. A. Emery delivered the lecture at 
the opening of the Maine Medical School. Subject : 
" The Standard of Excellence Required by Law." 

'70. — D. S. Alexander is United Slates District 
Attorney for Northern New York. 

70. — W. E. Spear presented a poem at the recent 
Alumni Dinner in Boston. 

'70. — R. M. Peck is professor in the business de- 
partment of the institution at Wareham, Mass. 

'70. — E. F. Redman is in the lumber business at 

70.— J. A. Roberts is a lawyer at Buffalo, N. Y. 

'70. — W. H. Meads is a lawyer at Buffalo, 
New York. 

70.— A. L. Gray in the fall of 1888 moved to Phila- 
delphia, where he has since been teaching in the 
William Penn Charter School. Address, No. 8 
South 12th Street, Philadelphia. 

73. — Hon. A. P. Wiswell has been critically ill 
of pneumonia, but his condition is now much im- 
proved . 

74. — C. H. Wells is editor and proprietor of the 
leading newspaper at Great Falls, N. H. 

76.— Rev. George F. Pratt was installed as minis- 
ter of the First Unitarian society at Berlin, Mass., 
January 22, 1890. The sermon was preached by the 
Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D.D. 

'82. — Hon. D. J. McGillicuddy is counsel for the 
defense in the McWilliams murder case now on trial 
at Auburn. 

'83. — W. A. Perkins is instructor in Beloit Col- 
lege Aeadeiny, Beloit, Mich. 

85. — F. I. Brown has entered the Maine Medical 

'86. — I. W. Home is principal of the East Provi- 
dence (R. I.) High School. 

'88. — J. Williamson, Jr., has entered the Boston 
University Law School. 

'89. — Frank Lynam has entered the Bowdoin Medi- 
cal School. 

'89. — F. H. Hill is principal of the Patten Acad- 
emy and has very recently married — being the first 
man of his class in matrimony. 

'89. — F. J. Libby is teaching in Barnstead, N. H. 

'89. — G. L. Rogers is principal of the Farming- 
ton High School and is at the same time studying 
law with Major S. C. Belcher. 


Whereas, It has been the pleasure of an All-Wise 
Providence to remove from our midst our beloved 
classmate, Henry Prentiss Godfrey ; 

Resolved, That, while recognizing the hand of 
God in our affliction, we, the class of '91, sincerely 
mourn the loss of one whose eminent virtues and 
genial good fellowship had endeared him to the 
hearts of all. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of the deceased through the Bowdoin 

D. M. Bangs, 
T. S. Burr, 
R. H. Hunt, 
H. W. Jarvis, 

E. G. Loring, 

E. H. Newuegin, 

Committee for Class. 



Whereas, It has been the will of Almighty God 
to remove from among us our beloved friend and 
brother in A. K. E., Henry Prentiss Godfrey; 

Resolved, That in his death, we, the members of 
the Theta Chapter of the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fra- 
ternity, have lost a loving friend and a true brother. 
Resolved, That the Chapter sincerely deplores his 
loss and desires to extend its heartfelt sympathy to 
his bereaved friends and family. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family and the Orient. 

L. A. Bdrleigh, 
J. M. Hastings, 
A. K. Newman, 

Committee for Chapter. 


I pushed the wavy golden locks 

From off her forehead fair, 
And where a frown had lately been 

A kiss I printed there. 

I held the tresses shining fair 
As yellow buttercup, 
" Was that a good kiss, Love? " said I, 
And she replied, " Bang up." 

— Brunonian. 

The Harvard faculty have recently decided upon 
a plan whereby all academic students may take the 
full course in three years instead of four, as at pres- 
ent. Students in the four years' course are now 
obliged to make four and a half courses per week, 
while under the new arrangement six courses per 
week will be required. It is claimed that under the 
new plan a year's time and from $600 to $1,000 may 
be saved. — Mail and Express. 

Cornell dropped about forty-five men last term. 

There are twenty-two Yale graduates in Harvard 
as students or instructors. 

Yale's rush-line averaged two pounds heavier than 
Harvard's. Yale's four backs averaged six pounds 
lighter than Harvard's. 

Professor Alexander Johnston, of Princeton, a 
master of the political history of this country, and 
the author of that well-known text-book, has died at 
the early age of forty. 

According to the recent annual report, the average 
annual expenses of a Harvard student are $800. 

The University of Berlin has 7,286 students 
matriculated this year, of whom 632 are foreigners 
and 6,654 are Germans. It is estimated that the 
number of students at the German university has 
more than doubled in the past year. 

Cornell has twenty-two fraternities. 

There are at present 2,079 students attending the 
regular courses at Harvard, and there are 217 in- 
structors connected with the university. 

In the intercollegiate foot-ball battles of 1889, 
Cornell had twenty-one men injured ; Yale and 
Lehigh had six each ; Welesyan had nine, and 
Princeton had five. Cornell men were the most 
seriously injured. 

Harvard's athletics in all the branches cost each 
student about $25 last year. 

The amendment to the national agreement adopted 
at the meeting of the National Base-Ball League 
last Wednesday, provides that any amateur club 
which plays with the clubs of the Players' League 
shall be debarred from subsequently playing with a 
club working under the national agreement. This 
affects college teams. 

The surplus of the Harvard Fool-Ball Association 
this year is $8,000, the largest they have ever had. 


at low prices, semi to 

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Vol. XIX. 

No. 15 





George B. Chandler, '90, Managing Editor. 

P. J. Allen, '90, Business Editor. 

George W. Blanchard, 



S. Burr, '91. 

J. M. "W. Moody, '90. 


W. Jarvis, '91. 

T. C. Spillane, '90. 


S. F. Lincoln, '91. 

A. V. Smith, '90. 


H. Newbegin, '91. 


IS : 

Per annum, in advance 


Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XIX., No. 15.- February 26, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 249 


The Outlook in Religion, 252 

Bowdoin to Have an Eight, 253 

A New Bowdoin Cheer, 254 

The Orient's " Opportunity," 255 

New England Intercollegiate Press Convention, . 256 

Rhyme and Reason 256 

Exchanges, 257 

Book Reviews, 258 

Collegii Tabula 259 

Personal, 261 

College World, 262 

n another column of this 
issue, in favor of abolishing society repre- 
sentation on the Orient, and concluding 
with the query as to whether we will prac- 
tice as well as we have preached, comes very 
near being behind time. The scheme advo- 
cated is one which the board has had under 
consideration for a considerable time, and 
which was finally decided upon but a day or 
two after the contribution alluded to was 
passed in. The reasons for the move are 
obvious ones, both from the standpoint of 
the Orient and from that of the contributor. 
To put upon the board a man of inferior 
ability, simply from society reasons, is a 
damage to the paper and an injustice to the 
other competitors. There would be just as 
much sense in running a ball nine uniformly 
with two men from each society, as there is 
in running a paper that way. The function 
of the Orient is to represent the college, not 
the societies, and such representation can 
only be made creditable by choosing the 
best men. Elections in past years have de- 
generated into a regular farce, men often 
being chosen who have written nothing at 
all, or at best only one or two articles, the 
sole grounds of their election being that 
their society must have its quota of repre- 
sentatives, and no one else in its ranks 
possessed energy enough to compete. The 



plan adopted is to let neither society nor 
class have any weight in the matter. If the 
Freshman class can furnish a man who is 
capable of bringing more honor to the paper 
and the college than the npperclassman, let 
the fact be recognized by his election. This 
will operate to secure absolutely the best 
men. Especially will the new system be 
efficacious in stimulating sharper competi- 
tion and bringing out the most talent. A 
society will naturally be desirous of having 
its representatives upon the Orient, as 
upon the nine, the eleven, or any other 
college organization, and, in order to bring 
this about, will urge those of its members 
who are known to possess literary taste to 

TTNOTHER precedent which we would 
/ -*■ like to establish would be for the posi- 
tion of managing editor to be made a little 
less autocratic than it has been in past years. 
We know, from the experience of our own 
administration, that the position is one that 
is capable of great abuse under the present 
system. It is possible for him to keep off 
the board, from personal or society motives, 
meritorious competitors, and put in their 
places others of less ability. We do not 
know that this has ever been done, certainly 
not within the three years which have come 
under our personal observation; but it is 
perfectly possible. No one, necessarily, sees 
the contributions but himself; the chances 
are that the writers are so chagrined at their 
rejection that they are glad to keep still about 
it if he will, and, as a result, the meritorious 
article goes into the waste-basket with 
nobody any the wiser for it. Then, at the 
elections, the word of the managing editor 
generally carries things about as it pleases. 
The fact is, no one knowing anything about 
the unpublished articles but himself, the 
other editors have nothing to vote by but 
prejudice, the manager's word, and the 

number of contributions, all of them ex- 
ceedingly fallible data. What we propose 
to do is this : To make out, some time before 
election, a list of the articles, published and 
unpublished, hand over both list and manu- 
script to such of the board as may wish to 
inspect them, and then at the election to call 
upon each member to bring in a list of the 
men who, in his opinion, are best qualified 
for the position ; and, as it happens this year 
that there are six new members to be chosen, 
those six having the highest number of votes 
will be the lucky men. 

BOWDOIN is the only small college in 
America that supports an eight. Neither 
Amherst, Williams, or Dartmouth, all of 
them larger in numbers, attempt it, and 
truly it is an undertaking of no small pro- 
portions. Never were we more proud of the 
boys, and never was the loyal Bowdoin 
spirit better shown than at the recent mass- 
meeting in Lower Memorial. But it is 
fitting that we appreciate the magnitude of 
the undertaking. We must not go into it 
with a blind reliance on past laurels. We 
are competing against big odds. Cornell 
numbers six to our one, and she has the 
impetus of two years' practice in eights. 
No one of our crew ever sat in one, and, 
although their experience in fours has been 
of the best, the fact remains that we have no 
tank and the season upon the river and in 
Portland Harbor is short before the race. 
We are handicapped and it is no use dodging 
the fact. We have just one thing in our 
favor, and it is the powerful men we can put 
forward. We think we can safely say that 
in no American college, Dartmouth perhaps 
excepted, is the average strength of the men 
greater. Especially is this the case with the 
boating men. Two of them are veterans, 
having rowed on winning crews in years 
past, and the remainder are very strong 
men ; in fact, we are fearful that danger 



■will come from loading clown the boat too 
heavily. Our chance lies in putting forward 
men who will show the most nerve and en- 
durance for a four-mile stretch. The dis- 
tance we consider to be decidedly in our 
favor. We brawny " dovra-easters " never 
say die. If the reports of Cornell's crew 
be true, a defeat will be no dishonor, and 
a victory eternal glory. It is a new venture, 
and we have everything to gain and nothing 
to lose. Get there, boys ! Sparta is looking 
at you. 

O^INCE the Orient gave its wonderful 
f^s stroke of advice in the Seco and Mahoney 
line last fall, it has been rather chary of its 
predictions, but it looks now as though its 
latest venture regarding the attitude of 
Colby and Bates toward the proposed In- 
tercollegiate Field Day would prove more 
reliable. It will be remembered that we 
intimated, in a late issue, that there would 
prove to be a deal more of smoke than fire 
in the "enthusiasm" which the racy pens 
of the Herald men claimed to have found at 
those institutions. Such is turning out to 
be the case, if recent developments are at 
all significant. The replies received by 
Mr. Cilley are amusing in the extreme. 
Colby " is not in a condition to reply just 
at present," but thinks she would without 
doubt enter, if the meet could be held in the 
fall. Bates wrote, two or three weeks ago, 
that she would enter, provided both Colby 
and Maine State College would agree to, 
before February 22d, a thing highly improb- 
able, if not impossible. A meet in the fall ! 
February 22d ! ! What possible advantage 
could accrue from departing from the time 
prescribed by the custom and indorsed by 
the judgment of all the leading American 
colleges, or what cabalistic charm may attach 
to the date, February 22, A.D. 1890, we 
have not been able to make out. The fact 
is right here : Colby and Bates both know 

that they cannot compete with Bowdoin in 
all-round athletics, — in foot-ball, boating, 
and Field-Day contests. They know, at the 
same time, that she is down in base-ball. 
She has had a long series of failures, and as 
a result lacks heart in that sport, and base- 
ball players are not attracted to her halls. 
Such being the case, their policy is plain, to 
keep athletics narrowed down as much as 
possible. This is, in the opinion of the 
Orient, the reason they have tried to 
dodge Bowdoin's latest proposition, in the 
amusing manner above referred to. But we 
propose to force the issue and make them 
back up the newspaper talk they have been 
making, before we get through with it. It 
is "put up or shut up," one or the two. 
Bowdoin does not claim that she could win 
the Field-Day pennant, this year or next; she 
simply claims that in the long run she would 
demonstrate her superiority in all-round ath- 
letics, if she could get a chance, and, what 
is more, that she is the only Maine college 
that is abreast of the times and in favor of 
progressive moves. Regarding the refusal 
of the Maine State College to enter, we have 
no criticisms to make. She has made no 
newspaper talk, and has met the question 
with a good, plump, Anglo-Saxon "No." 

IT WORD as to boating finances: The 
/I college raised between $700 and $800 
at its first meeting, and we feel safe to pre- 
dict that before we get through, the college, 
Faculty, and town will swell it to nearly 
$1,000. Will the alumni meet us half way ? 
We think they ought to. Victory or defeat, 
it is an honor to have competed. Mr. Curtis, 
of Boston, has offered to start with $25, and 
then, if there be a deficit, to make it $100. 
We ought to begin with a pledged capital of 
$2,000. To start costs a good deal, but to 
keep running after it is once started will 
not take so very much more than for a four ; 



certainly, the difference will not be any 
more than commensurate with the increased 
number of students. If you have shekels to 
shed, prepare to shed them now. 

PAB.VARD has again showed its innova- 
tive spirit by promulgating an idea which, 
if carried out, would make it possible for stu- 
dents to take the full course in three years. 
This would naturally suggest the idea that 
the average Harvard man is not crowded for 
time; but when we consider that the require- 
ments for admission there are one year ahead 
of most colleges, it becomes apparent that 
even then the A.B. would be sufficiently 
significant. This calls to mind again the 
fact which we have previously noted, that 
there ought to be more uniformity of re- 
quirement in granting the Baccalaureate 
degree. There are too many high-grade 
seminaries and academies posing before the 
public as colleges and universities, and 
granting high-sounding degrees right and 
left, which have no more significance than 
the " Prof." before the name of the average 

0NE of the alumni recently attended 
Sunday afternoon chapel, and in passing 
out remarked to one near by, " That was 
the most impressive chapel exercise I ever 
attended." The chapel is a great educator, 
religiously and otherwise, and the very large 
attendance this year is significant. We un- 
derstand that in an earlier day it was the 
custom to curtail the length of the prayers 
and addresses by kicking the steam-pipes, a 
thing which we would no more think of now 
than getting up to speak. The permanent 
establishment of the choir and Mr. Stevens' 
gift of the organ contribute in no small 
degree to this. Aside from the sometime 
inconvenience of arising on time in the 
morning, it is really a pleasure to attend. 
The old custom of a few rising and standing 

during both singing and prayer has been 
given up, and in the place of it the entire 
college remains seated during the hymn, but 
rise during prayer, which adds much to the 
dignity and impressiveness of the occasion. 
No one need demur at compulsion under the 
present system. 

"TkOES any one question but the future of 
-*-' the college is secure ? If so, let him 
gaze upon our Faculty's progeny and be 
convinced. Marvellous precocity ! Insatiate 
inquisitiveness ! Unbounded self-reliance ! 
Yes, we are all proud of them. They are 
Bowdoin, through and through. Let the 
good work go on. 

If it 



The Outlook in Religion. 

By Daniel E. Owen, '89. 
TITHE present state of opinion on matters 
■*■ of religion is significant. When Dr. 
Phillips Brooks took occasion to say, in a re- 
cent address on the subject of foreign mis- 
sions, that every nation must have a church 
of its own, governed by its own laws and 
prescribing its own form of worship, the 
statement was hailed with applause all over 
the country. It has been the ruling idea of 
missionaries to reproduce, in the foreign field, 
the same systems of administration and doc- 
trine to which they have been accustomed at 
home. Baptist missionaries are commonly 
supposed to found Baptist churches; Con- 
gregationalists go abroad in behalf of their 
own peculiar interests and tenets, some of 
which latter are at present held by the 
American Board to be more important than 
the salvation of the heathen ; while the High 
Churchman cannot believe that his new con- 
verts are on the true road to perfection until 



the}' can repeat the creed and perform the 
shorter catechism. All this is but natural ; 
perhaps it is better thus than otherwise ; and 
yet there is a growing sentiment among ear- 
nest men of all denominations that the sec- 
tarian spirit is, after all, one of the husks of 
Christianity. Towering fabrics of dogma are 
felt to be hindrances in the way of the dis- 
semination of religion rather than aids to it. 
Everywhere is heard the demand for a plat- 
form of Christian principle broader and sim- 
pler than any now existing, upon which all 
lovers of truth may stand untrammeled by 
partisan limitations. 

This liberal conception of the church has 
taken a grasp of the public mind which is 
something astonishing to behold. Some time 
ago, a man in Boston proposed to establish a 
great national church. This new organiza- 
tion was to be very inclusive. All sects were 
to unite under its banner. The governing- 
board of the church was to comprise clerical 
delegates from all denominations, including 
a coujtle of Roman Catholic priests. The 
effect of this proposition on the populace, 
which, as has often been remarked, is not 
over-discriminating, was to raise its origi- 
nator at once to the pinnacle of fame. The 
newspapers took up the strain, and for a 
time there were many enthusiasts who really 
believed that the solution of the "church 
unity " problem had come at last. Of course 
the scheme fell through. 

Traditional prejudices cannot be over- 
come in a moment, not to mention differ- 
ences of opinion on vital points; but the 
fact that so many people, and especially that 
the prosaic, practical newspaper men were 
led to regard the suggestion with favor, 
shows what a tender spot it touched in the 
popular heart. 

Such an attitude of the public mind im- 
plies a great deal. Uncontrolled, it means 
dislike and disloyalty to the churches, undue 
license of opinion, and even infidelity. Ju- 

diciously managed, this wide-spread eagerness 
for truth and freedom may be made to yield 
the finest results in the direction of tolerant 
faith and every-day religion. What the 
country asks is for men of sturdy mental 
traits who shall turn this current of thought 
into proper channels. 

Graduates of Bowdoin look to their Alma 
Mater, with her honorable list of master- 
minds in politics, law, and religion, to meet 
the present emergency. 

Bowdoin to .Have an Eight. 

Enthusiastic Mass-Meeting in Lower Memorial. — 
Speeches et Members of the Faculty, Medicals, 
and Undergraduates. — Over Seven Hundred Dol- 
lars Raised on the Spot. — Races in Prospect at 
Lake Cayuga and New London. 

TTT the mass-meeting held in Memorial Hall 
/ -*■ the other day, boating interest, which 
for various reasons has for the last two sea- 
sons languished, veritably picked up its bed 
and walked. It walked because it couldn't 
help it. When revivalists like Commodore 
Sears and Professor Whittier get the doors 
snapped on a meeting, the spirit is going to 
be moved. The thing was not sprung sud- 
denly, however, nor is there reason to sup- 
pose that any converts were made too much 
on the spur of the moment to hold out stead- 
fastly to the end. 

For two months or more there has been 
growing among the students a feeling of dis- 
satisfaction over the idea of admitting the 
permanent demise of boating, and as this 
must be admitted sooner or later unless 
something was done immediately, it was de- 
termined to do that something. The student 
body was encouraged in its move by certain 
of the alumni, who also expressed a sense of 
regret at the thought of contemplating the 
bier of the good old sport in which Bowdoin 
had done herself such honor in the past. 
Particularly was this the case with one of 
Bowdoin's Boston sons, Mr. E. U. Curtis, '82, 



who was seen by Commodore Sears during 
his trip to the Hub in January to attend the 
meeting of the New England Boating Asso- 
ciation, and who offered most substantial en- 
couragement to action. We thus see that the 
leaven had been working, which, with a little 
extra stirring at the meeting, was to do the 
business. The stirring consisted, as has been 
intimated, in reading by Commodore Sears 
of extended correspondence with Cornell 
and other parties, and original remarks by 
him thereafter: a ringing appeal by Professor 
Whittier, covering forcibly the ground of 
booming Bowdoin, student loyalty, the moral 
and physical benefits of boating, etc. ; re- 
marks by Mr. Snipe of the Medical School, 
Commodore of the Yale crew of '89 ; spout- 
ing by some of the undergraduates, and 
wanting to spout by a lot more. The result 
of this upon the meeting, which, by the way, 
was the largest assembled for any similar 
purpose for at least four years, was that 
viva voce subscriptions began to pour in as 
fast as the secretary could take them down, 
and $725 was raised then and there. With 
this from the students, as a starter, there 
can be scarcely a doubt over the compara- 
tively easy raising of the $1,200 or $1,500 
necessary to cover the season's expenses. 

The outlook now stands about as follows : 
Cornell offers to pay $150 toward our crew's 
expenses, which would nearly meet them, 
for a race on Cayuga Lake, Ithaca, N. Y., 
some time in June, and to put up a trophy 
cup valued for at least $500, possibly 
$1,000. Cornell is now rowing on the 
Thames, in a three-cornered association com- 
posed of herself, Columbia, and University 
of Pennsylvania. Into this it would be emi- 
nently desirable for Bowdoin to get a hand, 
and to such an idea Columbia is agreeable. 
Cornell, for the first season, does not appear 
to be especially so, and her decision and 
Pennsylvania's are now awaited. If it can- 
not be done this year, it very likely may 

next. The Commodore is doing all he can 
to bring it to pass. Correspondence for a 
shell is now in progress with Mike F. Davis, 
the Portland builder, and with the Waters 
Paper Boat Company of Troy, N. Y.; also 
with the Harvard and Yale associations for 
practice shells. 

We might add, by way of encouragement 
to those of the graduates who have a yearning 
to give, that a representative of the college 
was sent to Portland the other day, and met 
with such success as to pr